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Full text of "United States census of agriculture: 1954"



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Vol. 1 -pt. 14 



DELAWARE and 
MARYLAND 




COUNTIES AND STATE ECONOMIC AREAS 




1954 

Census 

f 

Agriculture 




U. S. DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE . BUREAU OF THE CENSUS • WASHINGTON • 7956 



tuS- fatt^tj TV C*>vKj. 



U. S. Department of Commerce 

Sinclair Weeks, Secretary 
Bureau of the Census 

Robert W. Burgess, Director 



United States 
Census 

Agriculture: 

1954 

Volume I 

COUNTIES AND STATE ECONOMIC AREAS 

Part 14 

Delaware and Maryland 



Prepared under the supervision of 

RAY HURLEY 

Chief, Agriculture Division 



FARMS • FARM CHARACTERISTICS • 

LIVESTOCK and PRODUCTS • CROPS • FRUITS • VALUES • 




' Bosta 
Superintendent of Documents 

NOV 7 -1956 



* 




he? ' 



BUREAU OF THE CENSUS 

ROBERT W. BURGESS, Dinctor 



A. Ross Eckler, Deputy Director 

Howard C. Grieves, Assistant Director 

Robert Y. Phillips, Special Assistant 
Conrad Taeuber, Assistant Director 

Jack B. Robertson, Special Assistant 

Morris H. Hansen, Assistant Director for Statistical Standards 
Lowell T. Galt, Assistant Director for Operations 
Walter L. Kehres, Assistant Director for Administration 
Calvert L. Dedrick, Coordinator, International Statistics 
A. W. von Struve, Acting Public Information Officer 

Agriculture Division — 

Ray Hurley, Chief 

Warder B. Jenkins, Assistant Chief 

Administrative Service Division — Everett H. Burke, Chief 

Budget and Management Division — Charles H. Alexander, Chief 

Business Division — Harvey Kailin, Chief 

Census Operations Division — Marion D. Bingham, Chief 

Field Division — Robert B. Voioht, Chief 

Foreign Trade Division— J. Edward Ely, Chief 

Geography Division — Clarence E. Batschelet, Chief 

Governments Division — Allen D. Manvel, Chief 

Industry Division — Maxwell R. Conklin, Chief 

Machine Tabulation Division — C. F. Van Aken, Chief 

Personnel Division — Helen D. Almon, Chief 

Population and Housing Division — Howard G. Brunsman, Chief 

Statistical Reports Division — Edwin D. Goldfield, Chief 

Statistical Research Division — William N. Hurwitz, Chief 

Transportation Division — Donald E. Church, Chief 

Statistics in this report supersede figures shown in Series AC54-1, Preliminary Reports. 



SUGGESTED IDENTIFICATION 

U. S. Bureau of the Census. U. S. Census of Agriculture: 1954. Vol. I, Counties and State 
Economic Areas, Part 14 U. S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D. C, 1956. 



For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U. S. Government Printing Office, Washington 25, D. C. 
or any of the Field Offices of the Department of Commerce, Price $1.50 (paper ) 



PREFACE 



Volume I, Counties and State Economic Areas, is one of the three principal reports 
presenting the results of the 1954 Census of Agriculture. This volume, in 33 parts, pre- 
sents the compilation of the information given by farm operators to Census enumerators 
in 1954. 

The 1954 Census of Agriculture was taken in conformity with the Act of Congress 
(Title 13, United States Code) approved August 31, 1954, which includes provisions for 
the mid-decade censuses of agriculture. 

The collection of the data was carried out by Census enumerators directed by super- 
visors appointed by the Director of the Census and working under the direction of Jack B. 
Robertson, then Chief, Field Division. Ernest R. Underwood, then special Assistant to the 
Director, was responsible for the recruitment of the field staff. The planning of the census 
and the compilation of the statistics were supervised by Ray Hurley, Chief, Agriculture 
Division, and Warder B. Jenkins, Assistant Chief. They were assisted by Hilton E. 
Robison, Orvin L. Wilhite, Hubert L. Collins, Benjamin J. Tepping, Lois Hutchison, 
Carl R. Nyman, J. Thomas Breen, Robert S. Overton, Merton V. Lindquist, Russell V. 
Oliver, Charles F. Frazier, Gladys L. Eagle, Orville M. Slye, Gaylord G. Green, Harold N. 
Cox, and Henry A. Tucker. 

Acknowledgment is made of the technical assistance and the loan of technical 
personnel by the United States Department of Agriculture in the planning, the enumera- 
tion, and the compilation of the 1954 Census of Agriculture. 

July 1956 

III 



UNITED STATES CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE: 1954 

REPORTS 

Volume I. — Counties and State Economic Areas. Statistics for counties include number of farms, acreage, value, and farm opera- 
tors ; farms by color and tenure of operator ; facilities and equipment ; use of commercial fertilizer : farm labor ; farm expenditures ; 
livestock and livestock products; specified crops barvested ; farms classified by tyi>e of farm and by economic class; and value of 
products sold by source. 

Data for State economic areas include farms and farm characteristics by tenure of operator, by type of farm, and by economic class. 
Volume I is published in 33 parts as follows : 



Part 


State or States 


Part 


State or States 


Part 


State or States 


1 


New England States: 




West North Central: 




East South Central — Continued 




Maine. 


8 


Minnesota. 


21 


Alabama. 




New Hampshire. 


9 


Iowa. 


22 


Mississippi. 




Vermont. 


10 


Missouri. 




West South Central: 




Massachusetts. 


11 


North Dakota and South 


23 


Arkansas. 




Rhode Island. 




Dakota. 


24 


Louisiana. 




Connecticut. 


12 


Nebraska. 


25 


Oklahoma. 


2 


Middle Atlantic States: 


13 


Kansas. 


26 


Texas. 




New York. 




South Atlantic: 




Mountain: 




New Jersey. 


14 


Delaware and Maryland. 


27 


Montana. 




Pennsylvania. 


15 


Virginia and West Virginia. 


28 


Idaho. 




East North Central: 


16 


North Carolina and South 


29 


Wyoming and Colorado. 


3 


Ohio. 
Indiana. 




Carolina. 


30 


New Mexico and Arizona. 


4 


17 

18 


Georgia. 
Florida. 


31 


Utah and Nevada. 
Pacific: 


5 


Illinois. 




East South Central: 


32 


Washington and Oregon. 


6 


Michigan. 


19 


Kentucky. 


33 


California. 


7 


Wisconsin. 


20 


Tennessee. 







Volume II. — General Report. Statistics by Subjects, United States Census of Agriculture, 1954. Summary data and analyses of 
the data for States, for Geographic Divisions, and for the United States by subjects as illustrated by the chapter titles listed below: 



Chapter 


Title 


Chapter 


* 

Title 


I 


Farms and Land in Farms. 


VII 


Field Crops and Vegetables. 




II 


Age, Residence, Years on Farm, Work Off Farm. 


VTII 


Fruits and Nuts, Horticultural Specialties, 


Forest 


III 


Farm Facilities, Farm Equipment. 




Products. 




IV 


Farm Labor. Use of Fertilizer, Farm Expenditures, and 


IX 


Value of Farm Products. 






Cash Rent. 


X 


Color, Race, and Tenure of Farm Operator. 




V 


Size of Farm. 


XI 


Economic Class of Farm. 




VI 


Livestock and Livestock Products. 


XII 


Type of Farm. 





Volume III. — Special Reports 
Part 1. — Multiple-unit Operations. This report will be similar to 
Part 2 of Volume V of the reports for the 1950 Census of 
Agriculture. It will present statistics for approximately 900 
counties and State economic areas in 12 Southern States and 
Missouri for the number and characteristics of multiple-unit 
operations and farms in multiple units. 

Part 2. — Ranking Agricultural Counties. This special report will 
present statistics for selected items of inventory and agricul- 
tural production for the leading counties in the United States. 

Part 3. — Alaska, Hawaii, Puerto Rico, District of Columbia, and 
TJ. S. Possessions. These areas were not included in the 1954 
Census of Agriculture. The available current data from vari- 
ous Government sources will be compiled and published in 
this report. 

Part 4. — Agriculture, 1954, a Graphic Summary. This report will 
present graphically some of the significant facts regarding 
agriculture and agricultural production as revealed by the 1954 
Census of Agriculture. 

Part 5. — Farm-mortgage Debt. This will be a cooperative study 
by the Agricultural Research Service of the U. S. Department 
of Agriculture and the Bureau of the Census. It will present, 
by States, data based on the 1954 Census of Agriculture and a 
special mail survey to be conducted in January 1956, on the 
number of mortgaged farms, the amount of mortgage debt, and 
the amount of debt held by principal lending agencies. 



Part 6. — Irrigation in Humid Areas. This cooperative report by 
the Agricultural Research Service of the U. S. Department of 
Agriculture and the Bureau of the Census will present data ob- 
tained by a mail survey of operators of irrigated farms in 2S 
States on the source of water, method of applying water, num- 
ber of pumps used, acres of crops irrigated in 1954 and 1955, 
the number of times each crop was irrigated, and the cost of 
irrigation equipment and the irrigation system. 

Part 7. — Popular Report of the 1954 Census of Agriculture. This 
report is planned to be a general, easy-to-read publication for 
the general public on the status and broad characteristics of 
United States agriculture. It will seek to delineate such as- 
pects of agriculture as the geographic distribution and dif- 
ferences by size of farm for such items as farm acreage, 
principal crops, and important kinds of livestock, farm facili- 
ties, farm equipment, use of fertilizer, soil conservation prac- 
tices, farm tenure, and farm income. 

Part 8. — Size of Operation by Type of Farm. This will be a coop- 
erative special report to be prepared in cooperation with the 
Agricultural Research Service of the U. S. Department of Agri- 
culture. This report will contain data for 119 economic sub- 
regions, (essentially general type-of-farming areas) showing the 
general characteristics for each type of farm by economic class. 
It will provide data for a current analysis of the differences 
that exist among groups of farms of the same type. It will 
furnish statistical basis for a realistic examination of produc- 
tion of such commodities as wheat, cotton, and dairy products 
in connection with actual or proposed governmental policies 
and programs. 



IV 



DELAWARE AND MARYLAND 



CONTENTS 



INTRODUCTION 



Page 

History and legal basis IX 

Plan of presentation of statistics LX 

Operations for 1954 Census 

DEFINITIONS AND EXPLANATIONS 

Specified farms XII 

General Farm Information 

Date of enumeration XII 

A farm XII 

Enumeration of land located in more than one county XIII 

Farm operator XIII 

Farms reporting or operators reporting XIII 

Land owned, rented, and managed XIII 

Lanfl area XIV 

Land in farms XIV 

Land in farms according to use XIV 

Value of land and buildings XV 

Age of operator XV 

Residence of farm operator XV 

Years on present farm (year began operation of present farm) XV 

Of f -farm work and other income XV 

Specified facilities and equipment XV 

Classification of farms by class of work power XV 

Farm labor XVI 

Fertilizer and lime XVI 

Specified farm expenditures XVI 

Farm-mortgage debt XVII 

Crops 

Crops harvested XVII 

Corn XVII 

Annual legumes XVII 

Hay crops XVII 

Clover seed, alfalfa, grass, and other field seed crops XVII 

Irish potatoes and sweetpotatoes XVII 

Berries and other small fruits XVIII 

Tree fruits, nuts, and grapes XVIII 

Nursery and greenhouse products XVIII 

Value of crops harvested and value of crops sold XVIII 

Forest products XVIII 



DEFINITIONS AND EXPLANATIONS— Continued 
Irrigation 

Page 

Irrigated farms XIX 

Land irrigated XIX 

Irrigated land in farms according to use XIX 

Farms with all harvested crops irrigated XIX 

Irrigated crops harvested XLX 

Land-Use and Conservation Practices 

Land in cover crops turned under for green manure XIX 

Stripcropping XIX 

Cropland used for grain or row crops farmed on the contour.. XLX 

Livestock and Poultry 

Milk cows; cows milked; milk sold XLX 

Sows and gilts farrowing XLX 

Sheep and lambs and wool XLX 

Goats and mohair 

Bees and honey 

Value of livestock on farms 

Livestock products 

Sales of live animals 

Poultry and poultry products 

Sampling 

Description of the sample for the 1954 Census 

Adjustment of the sample 

Method of estimation 

Reliability of estimates based on the sample XX 

Differences in data presented by counties and by State 
economic areas XXI 

Classification of Farms 

Farms by size XXI 

Farms by tenure of operator 

Farms by color or race of operator XXII 

Farms by economic class XXII 

Farms by type XXII 

Value of farm products sold XXIII 



Item 



Chapter A— STATISTICS FOR THE STATE 

State Table— 

1. — Farms, acreage, and value: Censuses of 1920 to 1954 

2.— Farms and farm acreage according to use, by size of farm: Censuses of 1920 to 1954 

3. — Farms and land in farms, by color and tenure of operator: Censuses of 1920 to 1954 

4. — Farms and farm characteristics, by color and tenure of operator: Census of 1954 

5.— Farm operators by color, residence, off -farm work, age, and years on present farm: Censuses of 1920 to 1954 

6.— Farms by class of work power and specified facilities and equipment: Censuses of 1920 to 1954 

7.— Farm labor and specified farm expenditures: Censuses of 1920 to 1954 

8. — Hired farm labor and wage rates by economic class: Census of 1954 

9. — Hired farm labor and wage rates by color and tenure of operator: Census of 1954 

10.— Hired farm labor and wage rates by type of farm: Census of 1954 

11. — Date of enumeration: Censuses of 1954, 1950, and 1945 

12.— Comparability of data on livestock and poultry: Censuses of 1920 to 1954 

13.— Livestock and livestock products: Censuses of 1920 to 1954 

14.— Farms reporting specified number of cattle on hand: Censuses of 1954 and 1950; farms reporting specified number 

of livestock on hand or sold alive : Census of 1954 

15. — Nursery, greenhouse, and forest products: Censuses of 1920 to 1954 

16.— Specif led crops harvested : Censuses of 1920 to 1954 

17 Farms reporting by specified acres, quantity harvested, and quantity sold for specified crops: Census of 1954 

18. — Sampling reliability of estimated totals for county, economic area, and State by number of farms reporting, by level: 
19.— Indicated level of sampling reliability of estimated county, economic area, and State totals for specified items 



Page 


Page 


3 


101 


4 


102 


10 


108 


12 


110 


30 


128 


30 


128 


31 


129 


32 


130 


34 


132 


40 


138 


42 


140 


43 


141 


44 


142 


46 


144 


47 


145 


48 


146 


52 


151 


54 


153 


54 


153 



(V) 



VI 



CONTENTS 



Item 



Chapter B— STATISTICS FOR COUNTIES 



Map of the State showing counties, county seats, and principal cities. 



County Table— 

1. — Farms, acreage, value, and farm operators: Censuses of 1954 and 1950 

2. — Farms by color and tenure of operator: Censuses of 1954 and 1950 

2a. — Farms by tenure, by color of operator: Census of 1954 

3 . —Farms by size of farm and by type of farm : Censuses of 1954 and 1950 

4. — Value of farm products sold by source : Censuses of 1954 and 1950 

5.— Farms by economic class, by class of work power, off -farm work and other income, and facilities and equipment: 

Censuses of 1954 and 1950 

6. — Farm labor and specified farm expenditures: Censuses of 1954 and 1950; and use of commercial fertilizer: Census 

of 1954 

7. — Livestock and livestock products: Censuses of 1954 and 1950 

8 Nursery, greenhouse, and forest products : Censuses of 1954 and 1950 

9. — Specified crops harvested: Censuses of 1954 and 1950 



Chapter C— STATISTICS FOR STATE ECONOMIC AREAS 
Map of the State showing State economic areas 



Economic 
1.- 
2 

3— 

4.- 
5.- 



7.— 



9. 
10. 



11.- 
12.. 



Area Table — 

Farms, acreage, value, and use of commercial fertilizer, by economic class of farm: Censuses of 1954 and 1950 

Farm facilities, off -farm work, work power, farm labor, and farm expenditures, by economic class of farm: 

Censuses of 1954 and 1950 

Livestock on hand, livestock sold, and specified crops, by economic class of farm: Censuses of 1954 and 1950 

Farms, acreage, value, and use of commercial fertilizer, by type of farm: Censuses of 1954 and 1950 

Farm facilities, off-farm work, work power, farm labor, and farm expenditures, by type of farm: Censuses of 1954 

and 1950 

Livestock on hand, livestock sold, and specified crops, by type of farm: Censuses of 1954 and 1950 

Farms, acreage, value, and use of commercial fertilizer, by tenure of operator: Censuses of 1954 and 1950 

Farm facilities, off-farm work, work power, farm labor, and farm expenditures, by tenure of operator: Censuses of 

1954 and 1950 

Livestock on hand, livestock sold, and specified crops, by tenure of operator: Censuses of 1954 and 1950 

Farms reporting, number of cows, and dairy products sold, by number of milk cows, for all commercial farms and 

dairy farms: Census of 1954 

Farms reporting, number of chickens, and poultry porudcts sold, by number of chickens on hand, for all commercial 

farms and poultry farms: Census of 1954 

Farm labor : Census of 1954 



Page 


Page 


59 


157 


60 


158 


61 


160 


62 


162 


63 


164 


64 


166 



65 

66 
67 
69 
70 



77 



78 



82 
84 



86 
88 
90 



92 
94 



96 



97 
98 



168 

170 
172 
178 
180 



193 



194 

202 
210 
218 

226 
234 
242 

250 
258 

266 

267 
268 



APPENDIX 



The 1954 Census of Agriculture Questionnaire. 

Enumerator ' s Record Book 

Index to tables 



.270 
.274 
.275 



INTRODUCTION 



VII 



INTRODUCTION 



This report presents data relating to the agriculture of the 
United States based on the most recent census of agriculture 
taken in the fall of 1954. The tables also include some compara- 
tive data from earlier censuses. 

History and legal basis. — The current census extends the num- 
ber of nationwide agricultural censuses to 16. Initially, an agri- 
cultural enumeration was taken in conjunction with the Decen- 
nial Census of Population in 1840. Congress first provided for 
a mid-decennial census for the year 1915; however, abnormalities 
created by World War I prevented the taking of this census. 
Since 1920, a national agricultural census has been taken each 
five years. 

The 1954 Census of Agriculture was authorized by an Act of 
Congress approved June 18, 1929, and amended July 16, 1952. 
Section 16 of the Act, as amended, reads as follows : "That there 
shall be taken, beginning in the month of October 1954, and in the 
same month of every tenth year thereafter, a census of agri- 
culture. The census herein provided for shall include each State, 
but shall not include the District of Columbia, Alaska, Hawaii, 
Puerto Rico, or such other areas or territories over which tbe 
United States exercises sovereignty or jurisdiction: Provided, 
however, that as to the areas excluded from such census it is 
directed that data available from various Government sources 
shall be included as an appendix to the report of such census. 
The Secretary of Commerce is authorized to collect such prelimi- 
nary or supplementary statistics, either in advance of, or after 
the taking of such census, as are necessary to the initiation, 
taking, or completion thereof. The inquiries, and the number, 
form, and subdivisions thereof for the census provided for in 
this section shall be determined by the Secretary of Commerce." 
The initial appropriation for map preparation, field enumera- 
tion, and a part of the office processing was obtained under this 
authority. Subsequently, the Congress, in a code revision ap- 
proved August 31, 1954, incorporated the provisions for all cen- 
suses in a code which may be cited as "Title 13, United States 
Code." 

The request for funds for fiscal year 1954 included funds for 
preparatory work for a complete census of agriculture to be 
taken in the fall of 1954. This request was not approved by 
the Congress. However, a limited appropriation was made for 
exi>enses for "spot checking business, manufactures, and agri- 
culture in such manner as the Secretary of Commerce should 
decide to be most helpful and informative to said undertakings." 
Since one of the important uses of quinquennial agricultural 
census statistics is to serve as a benchmark for the annual esti- 
mates of production and inventories prepared by the United 
States Department of Agriculture, the assumption was made that 
a "spot check" should provide reliable totals for a limited number 
of items by States and major producing areas. Accordingly, a 
sample census was conducted as a pretest of procedures in Utah 
and Virginia, beginning in October 1953. These surveys are 
more fully described in separate reports for those two States, 
published in 1954. 

Congress, in an appropriation Act approved July 2, 1954, appro- 
priated $16,000,000 for the expenses necessary for taking, com- 
piling, and publishing the 1954 Census of Agriculture, as author- 
ized by law. Additional funds, amounting to $5,500,000, were 
appropriated in 1955 in order to complete the work on the 1954 
Census. 

Plan of presentation of statistics. — This report follows the same 
general plan of presentation as that for 1950, the last complete 



census of agriculture. The report is a part of Volume 1 which 
comprises 33 reports. Each part of Volume I presents the data 
for each county and each State economic area for one or more 
States as well as State totals for those States for which county 
and State economic area data are shown. Statistics are most 
revealing when comparisons are available. Therefore, compa- 
rable data gathered in the 1950 Census of Agriculture are given 
for counties and for State economic areas. Comparative data for 
the States are given for each successive census year beginning 
with 1920. However, for some items, the data obtained in 1954 
are the only ones available. 

The tables provide totals for counties for nearly all items for 
which information was obtained in the 1954 Census. However,, 
most data by economic class of farm, type of farm, and color and 
tenure of farm operator are presented only for State economic 
areas. State economic areas represent groupings of counties 
within a State. Outside of metropolitan areas, the State economic 
areas are, in general, the same as State type-of -farming areas. 
(A description of State economic areas is given in a Special Re- 
port of the 1950 Census - , entitled "State Economic Areas : A De- 
scription of the Procedure Used in Making a Functional Grouping 
of the Counties in the United States.") A map showing the 
State economic areas is shown at the beginning of Chapter C of 
this report. 

The Act of Congress excluded from the field enumeration the 
agriculture in Alaska, Hawaii, Puerto Rico, District of Columbia, 
and U. S. possessions. Available statistics, obtained from other 
sources, for these areas are included in Part 3 of Volume III. 

Data for most of the items included in the 1954 Census of Agri- 
culture, as in prior censuses, were tabulated for "minor civil 
divisions" or areas smaller than counties. The term "minor civil 
division" is applied to the primary subdivisions of the counties. 
These may be townships, precincts, districts, independent muni- 
cipalities, unorganized territory, etc. The figures for these 
smaller areas are not included in any of the regular reports. 
However, it is possible to obtain data for small geographic areas, 
as heretofore, by paying the cost of checking the data and pre- 
paring the necessary statistical tables. 

Prior to the 1954 Census, an enumeration district did not in- 
clude more than one minor civil division, even though the town- 
ship, precinct, or the like often did not have enough farms to 
provide a full workload for an enumerator. The aim in estab- 
lishing the 1954 enumeration districts was to make them lame 
enough to keep each enumerator fully occupied in his area for a 
thiee-week, or possibly a four-week, period. Hence, some enumer- 
ation districts included more than one minor civil division. Such 
combined minor divisions were always adjacent. An enumera- 
tion district never comprised the whole of one minor civil division 
and a part of another nor a part of two or more minor civil 
divisions. A minor civil division which included too many farms 
for one enumerator was divided into two or more enumeration 
districts. 

The tabulations, as made by machines, in some cases provided 
totals for a single minor civil division — even though that 
required a grouping of enumeration districts — nnd, in other 
cases, they provided totals for two or more minor civil divisions 
combined. In the latter instance, the small-area data will be 
readily available only for combined totals for adjoining minor 
civil divisions. If there is need for makiug a separation of the 
data for such combinations, this is possible at some additional 



IX 



UNITED STATES CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE: 1954 



cost, since each questionnaire contains the nauie of the minor 
civil division in which the farm headquarters was located. 

Operations for 1954 Census. — The Act providing for the 1954 
Census of Agriculture states that "the inquiries, and the number, 
form, and subdivision thereof . . . shall be determined by the 
Secretary of Commerce." The staff of the Bureau of the Census 
prepared the questionnaire for the 1954 Census of Agriculture 
on the basis of experience obtained in prior censuses, on the 
basis of an analysis of the sample survey for the States of Utah 
and Virginia for the calendar year 1953, and on the basis of the 
advice of a Special Advisory Committee for the 1954 Census of 
Agriculture. The Advisory Committee comprised representatives 
of the U. S. Department of Agriculture, State Agricultural Col- 
leges, State Departments of Agriculture, The American Farm 
Economic Association, The American Statistical Association, The 
Association of Land-Grant Colleges and Universities, The Agri- 
cultural Publishers Association, The Farm Equipment Institute, 
The American Farm Bureau Federation, The National Grange, 
The National Council of Farmers' Cooperatives, and the Farmers' 
Educational and Cooperative Union of America. 

The Special Advisory Committee had also assisted in deciding 
the inquiries to be included on the questionnaire for the 1953 
Sample Census for Utah and Virginia. During the planning, 
State Agricultural Colleges, the U. S. Department of Agriculture, 
and other major users of data from the census of agriculture were 
asked to submit suggested inquiries for the census. The number 
of inquiries recommended greatly exceeded the number that 
could be included in the census. The Special Advisory Com- 
mittee and the staff of the Bureau recommended the inclusion 
or exclusion of these inquiries after giving consideration to the 
possibilities of obtaining the information in some way other than 
through the census of agriculture, to the adequacy of the informa- 
tion that might be secured in the census, to the availability of 
data from other sources, and to the usefulness of the data, etc. 
This committee reviewed the plans and questionnaires for the 
1953 sample enumeration and the 1954 Census of Agriculture as 
they were developed, and submitted recommendations regarding 
these plans and questionnaires. 

The content of the 21 regional questionnaires (one for each 
State or group of adjacent States) was similar to that of the 
questionnaires used for the Utah and Virginia sample surveys 
conducted in 1953. There were variations region by region in the 
questionnaires to provide for differences in crops grown, in live- 
stock production, and in cultural practices. Also, the positions 
of inquiries were changed in order to provide for the enumera- 
tion of some items for a limited number of farms even though 
other inquiries were made for all farms. 

An agricultural census that collects vast quantities of reliable 
information requires that all employees be trained and that they 
adhere carefully to prescribed procedures as well as time sched- 
ules. For the 1954 Census of Agriculture, the Bureau devised a 
training program so that all employees received instructions for 
the respective jobs. In most instances, training sessions were 
held near the areas in which employees worked and immediately 
prior to the beginning of their assignments. 

The 1954 enumeration required approximately 30,000 enumera- 
tors who were supervised by some 2,200 crew leaders. These 
persons were supervised by 119 field offices organized \inder five 
regional offices. From October 4 to November 8, 1954, depending 
upon the State and the area, trained enumerators began their 
work. Their work was to obtain for every farm the required 
information about that farm's operations, such as its crops, live- 
stock, poultry, farm expenses, equipment and facilities, and some 
facts about the farm operator. 

About two weeks before the census starting date, questionnaires 
were distributed to all box holders on the rural postal routes in 
all except a few Southern States. The questionnaire was accom- 
panied by a letter asking the farm operator to examine it and to 
answer as many of the questions as possible prior to the visit of 
the census enumerator. By this procedure, the Bureau expected 



to expedite the work of the enumerator and to improve the quality 
of the information given by farmers. By reading the question- 
naire, farmers knew what was wanted and could check their 
records in advance of the enumerator's visit. 

A good census requires a complete as well as an accurate 
enumeration. Several techniques were used to help obtain a good 
census in 1954. 

Instructions covering census procedures were designed in such 
a manner that objective criteria were supplied, and enumerators 
were not expected to rely on their own opinions or judgments 
concerning census entries or classifications. For example, an 
enumerator was required to complete an agriculture question- 
naire when specified conditions were met. He was not required 
to decide first what constituted a farm and then to obtain a 
questionnaire. Instead, a questionnaire was completed whenever 
minimum conditions were satisfied. Then, during central office 
processing operations, a decision was made — on the basis of care- 
fully defined criteria — as to which questionnaires represented 
farms. 

To help in insuring the completeness of the enumeration, 
enumerators were provided with a specially designed Enumera- 
tor's Record Book in which to list heads of households for the 
dwellings in their enumeration districts and names of the tenants 
or owners for places on which no one lived. The Enumerator's 
Record Book contained questions about the agricultural opera- 
tions on the place. The answers to these questions determined 
whether an agriculture questionnaire was required for the place 
and, also, whether this enumerator or an enumerator in another 
enumeration district was required to fiir out the questionnaire. 

In order to minimize the cost of the enumeration, procedures 
were developed to limit the listing of heads of households and of 
other places in urban areas, incorporated places, and built-up 
residential areas. In accordance with these procedures, enumera- 
tion districts were classified, prior to the enumeration, into three 
groups on the basis of the density of dwellings in relation to the 
number of farms according to the 1950 Censuses of Agriculture 
and Population. 

In general, the enumeration districts with no well-defined cluster 
of dwellings were considered to be open-country areas and were 
classified as Group I Enumeration Districts. For Group I Enu- 
meration Districts the enumerator was required to list in his 
Enumerator's Record Book the name of the head of each house- 
hold within his district. If no one lived on a tract of land, he 
was required to list the name of the person who rented the land, 
worked it on shares, used it for livestock, or, if the land was not 
used for agricultural purposes, the name of the owner. There 
were approximately 15,300 Group I Enumeration Districts. These 
enumeration districts contained 2,778,000 farms and 4.263,000 
dwelling units in 1950. 

The rural enumeration districts in which the number of dwell- 
ings was large in relation to the number of farms were classified 
as Group II Enumeration Districts. In these enumeration dis- 
tricts the enumerator was required to list all dwelling places in 
his district except those on less than one acre of land in built-up 
residential areas, such as small incorporated or unincorporated 
villages or the built-up areas adjacent to towns or cities. He was 
also required to determine, by asking locally, whether there were 
any farms or any places of one or more acres within the built-up 
areas. Outside the built-up areas he was required to list the head 
of every household. There were approximately 14,800 enumera- 
tion districts classified as Group II. These enumeration districts 
iiad 8,974,000 dwelling units and 2,420,000 farms in 1950. 

Most incorporated places and unincorporated villages with ap- 
proximately 150 or more dwellings were classified as Group III 
Enumeration Districts. There were approximately 11,000 such 
enumeration districts and these contained 161,000 farms in 1950. 
For Group III Enumeration Districts, the enumerator was given 
a list of farm operators enumerated in the 1950 Census of Agri- 
culture and was instructed to visit each place listed and find out 



INTRODUCTION 



XI 



whether au agriculture questionnaire was required. Any place 
used for agriculture was to be listed in his Enumerator's Record 
Book and an agriculture questionnaire was to be obtained. If 
the place was no longer used for agriculture, an explanation was 
to be made on the list furnished the enumerator. The enumera- 
tor was instructed to ask at each of these places whether there 
were any other farms or any places of 3 or more acres in the 
neighborhood. 

A few enumeration districts that comprised an incorporated 
place or that were within an incorporated city were classified as 
Group I or Group II if the number of farms was large. Also, a 
few very extensive rural districts requiring considerable travel 
were classified in Group III when the number of farms was small. 

The method prescribed for canvassing an enumeration district 
helped to insure complete coverage. The enumerator was in- 
structed to proceed in a systematic manner from a logical start- 
ing point. He listed each place and each dwelling on successive 
lines in the Enumerator's Record Book. In addition, he was re- 
quired to identify these on his enumerator's map with a cross 
reference to the Enumerator's Record Book. This procedure 
helped him to determine, by looking at his map, the extent of 
coverage at any given time. It also helped the crew leader in 
checking to see that coverage was complete. 

Some farms were given special attention to insure their inclu- 
sion in the enumeration. Prior to the enumeration, a list known 
as "specified farms" was prepared from records of the 1950 Cen- 
sus of Agriculture. Farms having unusually large agricultural 
operations were included in this list. During the enumeration a 
careful check was made to see that each place on the specifled- 
farm list was accounted for. This procedure helped to insure that 
units which could have a significant effect upon the census data 
were not omitted from the enumeration. (For a detailed ex- 
planation of specified farms, see page XII.) 

Some farm units other than specified farms also received special 
attention to insure complete coverage. Prior to the field enum- 
eration, lists were obtained of places known to be specializing in 
specific types of agricultural production, such as garbage-feeding 
operations, broiler operations, large turkey farms, livestock feed 
lots, cranberry bogs, and citrus groves. For some of these 
operations, the list represented a nationwide effort to insure 
coverage, while for others, only some of the intensive areas of 
production were given this special attention. These lists were 
prepared, in part, with the cooperation of the Agricultural Market- 
ing Service of the U. S. Department of Agriculture and State 
Agricultural Statisticians. During the enumeration, the enumer- 
ator was required to obtain a questionnaire for each place or 
otherwise satisfactorily account for each place on the list of 
specified farms or on other special lists. 

Some areas of the High Plains required special consideration 
since the usual enumeration procedure was complicated by the 
prevalence of nonresident operators and widely scattered tracts 
operated as one farm. In these areas a special mapping form 
was used to insure complete coverage. Land was checked off on 
the mapping form by section, township, and range as it was 
enumerated. This check map, designed for plotting sections 
within a township, was subdivided into 16 parts of 40 acres each. 
Enumerators were required to indicate on this form all land in 
farms that they enumerated. Cross references were made be- 
tween the questionnaire and the map. The enumerator identified 
land for a given questionnaire on his check map by writing the 
number identifying the questionnaire in each corresponding 40- 
acre square of the check map. The check map helped the enum- 
erator and, subsequently, the crew leader and other personnel 
reviewing the enumerator's work to determine whether the cov- 
erage of the enumeration district was complete. This procedure 
was used in all of North Dakota and South Dakota and selected 
counties in Colorado, Kansas, Montana, Nebraska, New Mexico, 
and Oklahoma. In general, the areas for which such maps were 
used corresponded with the major wheat-producing sections with 
low rainfall. 



A special supplementary questionnaire was used in approxi- 
mately 900 counties in the South. This questionnaire, designated 
the Landlord-Tenant Questionnaire, aided in the enumeration 
of cropper and other tenant farms which were parts of larger 
landholdings. This additional form was completed when two 
or more agriculture questionnaires were needed for a landhold- 
ing. Since it called for the name and agricultural operations of 
each tenant on the landholding, the procedure enabled an enum- 
erator to determine that all operations were reported completely 
and only once. The Enumerator's Record Book, used in these 
selected southern counties, differed from that used elsewhere. 
The southern version helped the enumerator to identify the land- 
holdings for which this supplementary landlord-tenant form was 
required. 

Crew leaders, in supervising enumerators, began reviewing 
questionnaires, maps, and other forms and checking the enum- 
erator's work for completeness of coverage and quality almost 
as soon as the enumeration was started. The crew leader and 
his enumerators were required to make the records of their 
respective areas as accurate and as complete as possible. 

While assembling records, the field processing offices also made 
certain checks. Although these offices performed no detailed 
editing of questionnaires, some steps were taken to detect 
enumeration districts in which the enumerator's work was not 
fully satisfactory, especially in regard to coverage. The 26 proc- 
essing offices were given a form, for each county, which contained 
data from the 1950 Census for the number of farms and land 
in farms. Where possible, this form gave the 1950 comparative 
data for the enumeration districts or for the minor civil divisions 
comprising each county. For most counties, it was possible to 
furnish, at the county level, an additional check figure. This 
figure was the acreage of one of the following crops : wheat, corn, 
cotton, tobacco, or rice. In most instances, these check figures 
represented measured acreages (before harvest) as determined 
by the Commodity Stabilization Service of the U. S. Department 
of Agriculture. By checking totals for the enumeration dis- 
tricts with these check data, it was possible to determine and 
remedy obvious underenumeration before records were released 
from field processing offices. The 1954 totals for the county, 
together with the check data, were sent to the Washington office 
for review and approval before the enumeration was considered 
acceptable. 

After the canvass of an enumeration district was completed, 
the supervising crew leader collected the questionnaires and other 
records from the enumerator and sent them to the processing 
office for his area. The processing offices made some checks on 
the enumeration in each enumeration district. In this checking, 
emphasis was placed upon preparation of payrolls, completeness 
of coverage, and the correct application of the sampling pro- 
cedure. 

The final operations for the agricultural census were handled 
in central offices. The Washington office was the focal point 
of these activities; but, for the first time, some of the agricultural 
census operations were decentralized into areas outside of Wash- 
ington. Census operations offices were established at Detroit, 
Michigan and Pittsburg, Kansas. 

Upon their release from field processing offices, records were 
transferred to the two Census operations offices. Although 
there were exceptions, in general, records from the Northern and 
Northeastern States were sent to the Detroit office and those 
from Southern and Western States were sent to Pittsburg, Kansas. 
At these offices, questionnaires were edited and coded and the 
information was entered on punch cards for tabulation. 

In the operations offices, the checking, editing, and coding were 
performed for individual agriculture questionnaires. The check- 
ing consisted of seeing (1) that the questionnaires were com- 
pletely filled out; (2) that the acreage of individual crops har- 
vested was in reasonable agreement with the acreage of cropland 
harvested when 100 or more acres of cropland harvested were 



XII 



UNITED STATES CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE: 1954 



reported ; (3) that the acres of land classified according to use 
accounted for the entire farm acreage for farm's having 200 acres 
or more; (4) that the total of the acreage for the various uses of 
corn, sorghum, soybeans, cowpeas, and peanuts was in reasonable 
agreement with the total acreage reported for all purposes for 
each of these crops ; (5) that the age and sex breakdown for cattle, 
hogs, and sheep added to approximately the total number of such 
animals of all ages ; and (0) that all entries for related items were 
reasonably consistent. Editing consisted of the identification and 
withdrawal of questionnaires filled for places not qualifying as 
farms; the selection of questionnaires with entries of unusually 
large size for review by the technical staff; the selection of groups 
of questionnaires with common reporting errors in an individual 
enumeration district for referral to technical personnel for 
review; and the correction of obvious inconsistencies, such as 
reporting in an incorrect unit, or reporting in an improper place 
on the questionnaire. Coding consisted of entering code numbers 
for crops for which there were no separate inquiries on the ques- 
tionnaire, for color and tenure of operator, and for irrigation; 
and, for a sample of farms, of entering codes for economic class of 
farm and type of farm. Entries determined by the technical staff 
to be in error were corrected on the basis of relationships existing 
on nearby farms or, if the entries were large, on the basis of 
correspondence with the farm operator. In case of information 
missing for a group of questions, estimates were prepared on the 
basis of adjacent questionnaires for farms with similar opera- 
tions and, in some cases, on the basis of information obtained by 
mail from farm operators. When estimates were made, letters 
were mailed to the farm operators to verify the information and, 
if the estimates were not in reasonable agreement with the infor- 
mation contained in the replies, the entries were corrected before 
the tabulations were made. 

After punch cards were prepared, the punch cards, together 
with records containing the corresponding basic data, were for- 
warded to the Washington office for tabulation. Once on punch 
cards, the data were sorted, listed, or otherwise handled mechani- 
cally to facilitate making final checks and to obtain totals. One 
of the initial and primary steps in the machine handling of the 
punch cards was to separate those cards which lacked necessary 
information, those on which the punched data were inconsistent 
or impossible, and those on which the relationships were possible 
but the data were of such magnitude that a further review of the 
individual questionnaires was warranted. These cards contain- 
ing questionable data or lacking data were examined, checked to 
the agriculture questionnaires, and corrected, if necessary, before 
the tabulations were made. 

Finally, tabulations were examined from the standpoint of 
over-all reasonableness and consistency. This examination re- 
quired the judgment of specialists and was the primary respon- 
sibility of senior Census staff members. However, qualified State 
personnel of the Agricultural Marketing Service, U. S. Department 
of Agriculture, assisted in examining the data, especially those 
for crops and livestock, evaluating the results, and calling atten- 
tion to the situations for which further checking was necessary. 

DEFINITIONS AND EXPLANATIONS 

Specified farms. — "Specified farms" refers to the larger farms 
that were selected for special handling during the enumeration 
and during the processing of the agriculture questionnaires. 
Although the criteria for their selection have varied since this 
technique was first used in the 1945 Census of Agriculture, the 
basic purposes for employing this technique have not changed. 
One purpose for using a list of specified farms was to help to 
get a complete enumeration. 

The criteria for selecting specified farms were kept as simple as 
possible in order to facilitate the work of enumeration. In most 
States, only one item was considered in classifying farms as "speci- 
fied." The following are the criteria used for the 1954 Census : 



Criteria Area 

Land in the farm — 1,000 acres 

or more All States 

Cropland harvested : 

200 acres or more Florida 

500 acres or more Michigan, Minnesota, 

N. W. Missouri, Wisconsin 
Irrigated cropland harvested : 

200 acres or more Arizona, California, Louisiana 

Cattle and calves : 

100 or more Alabama, Mississippi, 

N. W. Missouri 

200 or more Louisiana 

Milk cows : 

100 or more Arizona, California, Florida 

Chickens sold : 

70,000 or more Delaware, Maryland, West Vir- 
ginia 
Occasionally, a farm which did not meet any of the criteria 
chosen, but which bulked large in respect to some other farm 
characteristics, had to be treated as a specified farm to reduce its 
effect on the results based on a sample of farms. 

In terms of total agricultural production, the operators of 
specified farms account for a significant part of the total produc- 
tion. For example, in the 1950 Census, 71,328 farms (then desig- 
nated "large" farms) were handled on a special basis. Although 
this number was only 1.3 percent of all farms, these "large" farms 
accounted for 17.3 percent of the value of all farm products sold 
and 33.1 percent of all land in farms. The criteria used for estab- 
lishing the group of specified farms for special handling in the 
1954 Census resulted in more than twice as many farms (147,000 
in the 1954 Census as compared with 72^000 in 1950) being given 
special attention. 

General Farm Information 

Date of enumeration. — The enumeration of the 1954 Census of 
Agriculture was made during the latter part of 1954. In the 
1950 Census the starting date for the enumeration was April 1. 
The 1954 Census beginning dates were varied by areas or States, 
ranging from October 4 to November 8. In general, the varied 
starting dates were based upon ( 1 ) selecting dates late enough 
for the enumeration to follow the harvesting of the bulk of im- 
portant crops, (2) setting the dates early enough to avoid unde- 
sirable weather and travel conditions during the enumeration, and 
(3) arranging for the enumeration to be substantially completed 
prior to customary dates when farm operators move from one 
farm to another. The average date of enumeration for the 1954 
Census for each county is given in County Table 7, and the per- 
centage of farms enumerated by various dates for the State and 
the date or dates for the starting of the enumeration are given 
in State Table 11. 

Information for inventory items is based on the situation as of 
the actual day of enumeration. Data on acreage and quantity 
of crops harvested are for the crop year 1954. Data on sales of 
crops relate to crops harvested in the year 1954 regardless of when 
sold ; data on sales of livestock products relate to the production 
and sales during the calendar year 1954. Since the period to 
be included was not yet completed for some items at the time of 
enumeration, special emphasis was placed upon including accurate 
estimates for such items for the remainder of the period. For 
example, the question relating to dairy products stated, "Be sure 
to include dairy products which you will sell before January 1, 
1955." 

A farm. — For the 1954, and the 1950 Censuses of Agriculture, 
places of 3 or more acres were counted as farms if the annual 
value of agricultural products, exclusive of home-garden products, 
amounted to $150 or more. The agricultural products could have 
been either for home use or for sale. Places of less than 3 acres 
were counted as farms only if the annual value of sales of agri- 
cultural products amounted to $150 or more. Places for which 
the value of agricultural products for 1954 was less than these 
minima because of crop failure or other unusual conditions, and 



INTRODUCTION 



XIII 



places operated at the time of the census for the first time were 
counted as farms If normally they could be expected to produce 
these minimum quantities of agricultural products. 

All the land under the control of one person or partnership 
was included as one farm. Control may have been through 
ownership, or through lease, rental, or cropping arrangement. 

For the 1954 Census, enumerators were instructed to obtain 
an agriculture questionnaire for all places that the operator con- 
sidered a farm and for all places having during 1954 (1) any 
hogs, cattle, sheep, or goats; (2) any crops such as corn, oats, 
hay, or tobacco; (3) 20 or more chickens, turkeys, and geese; 

(4) 20 or more fruit trees, grapevines, and planted nut trees; or 

(5) any vegetables, berries, or nursery or greenhouse products 
grown for sale. Thus, agriculture questionnaires were filled for 
more places than those qualifying as farms. 

The determination as to which reports were to be included in 
the tabulations as farms was made during the central office 
processing of questionnaires. 

For the 1945 and earlier censuses of agriculture, the definition of 
a farm was somewhat more inclusive. Census enumerators were 
provided with the definition of a farm and were instructed to fill 
reports only for those places which met the criteria. From 1925 
to 1945, farms for census purposes included places of 3 or more 
acres on which there were agricultural operations, and places 
of less than 3 acres with agricultural products for home use or 
for sale with a value of $250 or more. For places of 3 or more 
acres, no minimum quantity of agricultural production was re- 
quired for purposes of enumeration ; for places of under 3 acres 
all the agricultural products valued at $250 or more may have 
been for home use and not for sale. The only reports excluded 
from the tabulations were those taken in error and those with 
very limited agricultural production, such as only a small home 
garden, a few fruit trees, a very small flock of chickens, etc. In 
1945, reports for places of 3 acres or more with limited agricul- 
tural operations were retained if there were 3 or more acres of 
cropland and pasture, or if the value of products in 1944 amounted 
to $150 or more when there was less than 3 acres of cropland 
and pasture. 

Because of changes in price level, the $250 limit for value of 
products for farms under 3 acres resulted in the inclusion of 
varying numbers of farms in the several censuses prior to 1950. 

The change in the definition of a farm in 1950, and continued 
In 1954, resulted in a decrease in the number of farms as compared 
with earlier censuses, especially in the number of farms of 3 or 
more acres in size. Places of 3 or more acres with a value of 
agricultural products of less than $150 were not counted as farms 
in the 1954 and 1950 Censuses. In some cases, these places would 
have been counted as farms if the criteria used in 1954 and 1950 
had been the same as those used in previous censuses. The change 
in the definition of a farm had no appreciable effect on the totals 
for livestock or crops, for the places affected by this change 
ordinarily accounted for less than 1 percent of the total for a 
county or State. 

There are two figures published for the number of farms for 
each county in 1954. One is an actual count of all farms enumer- 
ated, and the other is an estimate based upon the number of 
sample farms multiplied by 5, plus the number of specified farms. 
In almost every county, the actual number of farms and the esti- 
mated number of farms differ. Because of sampling variability, 
the selection of the sample of farms seldom resulted in the in- 
clusion of exactly 20 percent of the non-specified farms. The 
number of farms in the sample in a county was accepted if this 
number was within predetermined limits. The counties that were 
not acceptable were adjusted to bring the number of sample farms 
within the predetermined limits. 

Therefore, the actual number of farms in the sample is more or 
less than 20 percent in most instances. Similarly, the estimated 
total for information obtained for the sample of farms may be 
slightly more or slightly less than the totals which would have 



been obtained if the data had been tabulated for all farms. 
Therefore, occasionally the estimated number of farms reporting 
for some items may be greater than the total number of farms 
enumerated. The estimated number of farms is shown in the 
tables so that estimates based on the farms in the sample can he 
related to the estimated number of farms rather than to the actual 
number of farms. 

Enumeration of land located in more than one county. — Land in 
an individual farm may be located in two or more counties. In 
such case, the entire farm was enumerated in only one county. 
If the farm operator lived on the farm, the farm was enumerated 
in the county in which the farm operator lived. If the farm 
operator did not live on the farm, the figures for the farm were 
included in the county in which the farm headquarters was lo- 
cated. If there was any question as to the location of the head- 
quarters of the farm, the farm was included in the county in 
which most of the land was located. 

Farm operator. — A "farm operator" is a person who operates a 
farm, either performing the labor himself or directly supervising 
it. He may be an owner, a hired manager, or a tenant, renter, or 
sharecropper. If he rents land to others or has land cropped 
for him by others, he is listed as the operator of only that land 
which he retains. In the case of a partnership, only one partner 
was included as the operator. The number of farm operators 
is considered the same as the number of farms. 

Farms reporting or operators reporting. — Figures for farms re- 
porting or operators reporting, based on a tabulation of all farms, 
represent the number of farms, or farm operators, for which the 
specified item was reported. For example, if there were 1,922 
farms in a county and only 1,465 had chickens over 4 months old 
on hand, the number of farms reporting chickens would be 1,465. 
The difference between the total number of farms and the number 
of farms reporting an item represents the number of farms not 
having that item, provided the inquiry was answered completely 
for all farms. 

For some of the items, such as the residence of the operator, for 
which reports were to have been obtained for all farms, figures 
are given for the number of farms not reporting. The number 
of farms, or operators, not reporting indicates the extent of the 
incompleteness of the reporting for the item. 

Figures for farms reporting or operators reporting, based on a 
tabulation for only a sample of farms, represent the total esti- 
mated from the sample, not the actual number of farms or 
operators reporting. 

Land owned, rented, and managed. — The land to be included in 
each farm was determined by asking the number of acres owned, 
the acres rented from others or worked on shares for others, and 
the acres rented to others or worked on shares by others. The 
acres in the farm were obtained by adding the acres owned and 
acres rented from others or worked on shares for others, and sub- 
tracting the acres rented to others or worked on shares by others. 
In case of a managed farm, the person in charge was asked the 
total acreage managed for his employer. The acreage that was 
rented to others or cropped by others was subtracted from the 
total managed acreage. 

For 1954 and 1950, the figures for land owned, land rented 
from others, and land managed for others include land rented 
to others by farm operators. In earlier censuses, the enumerator 
was instructed to include all land rented from others and to ex- 
clude all land rented to others. Thus, he recorded only that 
portion of the acreage owned and the acreage rented from others 
which, was retained by the farm operator. For prior censuses, 
the land included in each farm was essentially the same as that 
included for the 1954 and 1950 Censuses. 

Land owned. — Land owned includes all land that the operator 
or his wife, or both, hold under title, purchase contract, home- 
stead law, or as one of the heirs, or as a trustee of an 
undivided estate. 

Land rented from others. — Land rented from others includes 
land worked on shares for others, and land used rent free, 



XIV 



UNITED STATES CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE: 1954 



as well as all land rented or leased under other arrangements. 
Grazing land used under government permit 'was not included. 

Land rented to others. — Many farm operators rent land to 
others. For the most part, the land rented to others represents 
agricultural land but it also includes tracts rented for resi- 
dential or other purposes. When land is leased, rented, or 
cropped on shares, the tenant or cropper is considered the farm 
operator even though his landlord may exercise supervision 
over his operations. The landlord is considered as operating 
only that portion of the land not assigned to tenants or croppers. 

Land area. — The approximate total land area reported for 1954 
for States and counties is, in general, the same as that reported 
for the 1950, 1945, and 1940 Censuses. Changes since 1940 rep- 
resent changes in boundary, actual changes in land area due to 
the construction of reservoirs, etc. The figures for 1940 repre- 
sent a complete remeasurement of the United States and, there- 
fore, may differ from the figures shown for earlier censuses. 

Land in farms. — The acreage designated "land in farms" in- 
cludes considerable areas of land not actually under cultivation 
and some land not used for pasture or grazing. All woodland 
and wasteland owned by farm operators, or included in tracts 
rented from others, is included as land in farms unless such land 
was held for other than agricultural purposes, or unless the 
acreage of such land held by a farm operator was unusually 
large. If a place had 1,000 or more acres of land not being used 
for agricultural purposes and less than 10 percent of the total 
acreage in the place was used for agricultural purposes, the non- 
agricultural land in excess of the number of acres used for agri- 
cultural purposes was excluded from the farm area. In applying 
this rule, land used for crops, for pasture, or grazing, and land 
rented to others were considered to be land for agricultural 
purposes. On the other hand, land was defined as nonagricul- 
tural when it was woodland not pastured, or in house and barn 
lots, roads, lanes, ditches, or wasteland. The procedure used 
in 1950 for excluding unusually large acreages of nonagricultural 
land differed slightly from the one used for the current census. 
In 1950, adjustments were made in places of 1,000 acres or more 
(5,000 acres or more in the 17 Western States) if less than 10 
percent of the total acreage was used for agricultural purposes. 

Except for open range and grazing land used under govern- 
ment permit, all grazing land was to be included as land in farms. 
Land used rent free was to be included as land rented from 
others. Grazing lands operated by grazing associations were to 
be reported in the name of the manager in charge. All land in 
Indian reservations used for growing crops or grazing livestock 
was to be included. Land in Indian reservations not reported by 
individual Indians or not rented to non-Indians was to be re- 
ported in the name of the cooperative group using the land. Thus, 
in some instances the entire Indian reservation was reported 
as one farm. 

Land in farms according to use. — Land in farms was classified 
according to the use made of it in 1954. The classes of land are 
mutually exclusive, i. e., each acre of land was included only 
once even though it may have had more than one use during the 
year. 

The classes are as follows : 

Cropland harvested. — This includes land from which crops 
were harvested; land from which hay (including wild hay) 
was cut; and land in small fruits, orchards, vineyards, nurser- 
ies, and greenhouses. Land from which two or more crops 
were reported as harvested was to be counted only once. 

The enumerator was instructed to check the figure for crop- 
land harvested for each farm by adding the acreages of the in- 
dividual crops reported and subtracting the acres of land from 
which two crops were harvested. This procedure was repeated 
during the central office editing process for farms with 100 or 
more acres of cropland harvested. 

If the harvested cropland was used for other purposes, either 
before or after the harvest of a crop, the enumerator was 
specifically instructed to report the acreage only under crop- 
land harvested. 



Cropland used only for pasture. — In the 1954 and 1950 Cen- 
suses, the enumerator's instructions stated that rotation pasture 
and all other cropland that was used only for pasture were to 
be included under this class. No further definition of crop- 
land pastured was given the farm operator or enumerator. 
Permanent open pasture may, therefore, have been included 
under this item or under "other pasture," depending on whether 
the enumerator or farm operator considered it as cropland. 

The figures for 1945 and earlier censuses are not entirely 
comparable with those for the last two ceususes. For 1945, the 
figures include only cropland used solely for pasture in 1944 
that had been plowed within the preceding seven years. The 
figures for this item, for the Censuses of 1940. 1935, and 1925, 
are more nearly comparable with those for the Censuses of 
1954 and 1950, as they include land pastured that could have 
been plowed and used for crops without additional clearing, 
draining, or irrigating. 

Cropland not harvested and not pastured. — This item includes 
idle cropland, land in soil-improvement crops only, land on 
which all crops failed, land seeded to crops for harvest after 
1954, and cultivated summer fallow. 

In the Western States, this class was subdivided to show 
separately the acres of cultivated summer fallow. In these 
States, the acreage not in cultivated summer fallow represents 
largely crop failure. There are very few counties in the 
Western States in which there is a large acreage of idle crop- 
land or in which the growing of soil-improvement crops is an 
important use of the land. 

In the States other than the Western States, this general 
class was subdivided to show separately the acres of idle crop- 
land (not used for crops or for pasture in 1954). In these 
States, the incidence of crop failure is usually low. It was 
expected that the acreage figure that excluded idle land would 
reflect the acreage in soil-improvement crops. However, the 
1954 crop year was one of low rainfall in many Eastern and 
Southern States and, therefore, in these areas the acreage of 
cropland not harvested and not pastured includes more land 
on which all crops failed than would usually be the case. 

Cultivated summer fallow. — This item includes cropland 
that was plowed and cultivated but left unseeded for several 
months to control weeds and conserve moisture. No land 
from which crops were harvested in 1954 was to be included 
under this item. 

Woodland pastured. — This includes all woodland that was 
used for pasture or grazing. The questionnaire contained the 
following instruction : "Include as woodland all wood lots and 
timber tracts and cutover land with young trees which have 
or will have value as wood or timber." No definition of wood- 
land was given in 1950 to either farm operators or Census 
enumerators except an instruction to enumerators not to in- 
clude brush pasture as woodland. Some of the changes in wood- 
land acreages from one census to another may merely represent 
differences in interpretation of the meaning of woodland. 

Woodland not pastured. — This includes all woodland that was 
not used for pasture or grazing. Unusually large tracts of 
timberland reported as woodland not pastured were excluded 
from the tabulations of land in farms when it was evident that 
such land was held primarily for nonagricultural purposes. 
The definition for woodland, as stated above, was used also 
for enumerating woodland not pastured. 

Other pasture (not cropland and not woodland). — This in- 
cludes rough and brush land pastured and any other land 
pastured that the respondent did not consider as either wood- 
land or cropland. The figures for 1954 and 1950 are comparable 
but for 1945 all nonwoodland pasture not plowed within the 
preceding 7 years was included. For the 1940 Census and 
earlier years, the figures are more nearly comparable with those 
for 1954 and 1950, except that the item may be somewhat less 
inclusive since land that could have been plowed and used for 
crops without additional clearing, draining, or irrigating was 
classified as plowable pasture (shown as cropland used only 
for pasture in the tables) . 

Improved pasture. — This item includes land in "other pas- 
ture" on which one or more of the following practices had 
been used: Liming, fertilizing, seeding to grasses or legumes, 
irrigating, draining, or controlling weeds and brush. The 
question on improved pasture was included in 1954 for the 
first time. 

Other land (house lots, roads, wasteland, etc.). — This item in- 
cludes house lots, barn lots, lanes, roads, ditches, and waste- 
land. It includes all land that does not belong under any of 
the other land-use classes. 



INTRODUCTION 



xv 



In addition to the complete classification of land in farms ac- 
cording to use, the tables also present data for three summary 
classifications as follows : 

Cropland, total.— This includes cropland harvested, cropland 

used only for pasture, and cropland not harvested and not 

pastured. 

Land pastured, total. — This includes cropland used only for 

pasture, woodland pastured, and other pasture (not cropland 

and not woodland). 

Woodland, total. — This includes woodland pastured and wood- 
land not pastured. 

Value of land and buildings.— The value to be reported was the 
approximate amount for which the land and the buildings on it 
would sell. This item was obtained for only a sample of the 
farms; however, the value was not reported for all the farms 
comprising the sample. 

Many problems, not encountered in enumerating most agricul- 
tural items, are involved in obtaining farm real-estate values. 
Most enumerated items require the respondent to make a state- 
ment based upon fact. It may be the number and value of farm 
animals sold alive during the year or the number of lambs under 
1 year old on the place. In either case, only information as to 
activities during a specified period, or the situation as of a stated 
time, is required. This information is based upon actual trans- 
actions or existing conditions. But the estimation of the value 
of land and buildings is based largely upon opinion. In the event 
a farm had been recently purchased, answers could be based 
upon that experience. But many farms have not changed hands 
for many years, nor are they currently for sale. In such cases, 
farm operators may have no clear basis for estimating the value. 
In making an intelligent estimate, a respondent needs, first, to 
estimate the prevailing market value in the community. Sec- 
ondly, he must in some way add to or subtract from this base to 
allow for his farm's special characteristics. In many cases, a 
farm operator who would not sell his place under any circum- 
stances may be inclined to give a "market value" that is un- 
reasonably high. Some operators who had purchased their real 
estate during periods of relatively low prices may give an esti- 
mate that is unduly influenced by that experience. Further- 
more, the extent of variation known to exist in real-estate values 
makes it difficult to establish checking procedures that will dis- 
close inaccurate estimates. 

Only average values of land and buildings per farm and per 
acre are presented in this report. A total value of the land and 
buildings for States, geographic divisions, and the United States, 
will be presented in Volume II. 

Age of operator. — Farm operators were classified by age into 
six age groups. The average age of farm operators was calculated 
by dividing the total of ages of all farm operators reporting age 
by the number of farm operators reporting. 

Residence of farm operator. — Farm operators were classified by 
residence on the basis of whether or not they lived on the farm 
operated. Some of those not living on the farm operated lived 
on other farms. When a farm operator rented land from others 
or worked land on shares for others and had the use of a dwell- 
ing as part of the rental arrangement, the enumerator was in- 
structed to consider the dwelling a part of the farm operated. The 
dwelling assigned may have been on a tract other than that as- 
signed for crops. Since some farm operators live on their farms 
only a portion of the year, comparability of the figures for var- 
ious censuses may be affected to some extent by the date of the 
enumeration. In a few cases the enumerator failed to indicate 
the residence of the farm operator. Differences between the total 
number of farms and the number of farm operators by residence 
represent underreporting of this item. 

Years on present farm (year began operation of present farm). — 
The data on years on present farm and year began operation of 
present farm were secured on the basis of the inquiry, "When did 

you begin to operate this place? " The 

(Month) (Year) . 



time of year that farmers move is indicated by the month they 
began to operate their farms, as shown by a breakdown of the data 
for those farm operators who began to operate their present 
farms in the calendar years 1954 and 1953. The tabulation of 
years on present farm at each census is based on the calendar 
year the operator began operating his farm. Because of differ- 
ences in the date for various censuses, the figures are not fully 
comparable from one census to another. 

Off-farm work and other income. — Many farm operators receive 
a part of their income from sources other than the sale of farm 
products from their farms. The 1954 Agriculture Questionnaire 
included several inquiries relating to work off the farm and non- 
farm income. These inquiries called for the number of days 
worked off the farm by the farm operator ; whether other members 
of the operator's family worked off the farm; and whether the 
farm operator received income from other sources, such as sale 
of products from land rented out, cash rent, boarders, old age as- 
sistance, pensions, veterans' allowances, unemployment compen- 
sation, interest, dividends, profits from nonfarm business, and 
help from other members of the operator's family. Another in- 
quiry asked whether the income of the operator and his family 
from off-farm work and other sources was greater than the total 
value of all agricultural products sold from the farm in 1954. 
Off-farm work was to include work at nonfarm jobs, businesses, 
or professions, whether performed on the farm premises or else- 
where ; also work on someone else's farm for pay or wages. Ex- 
change work was not to be included. 

The purposes of these four inquiries were (1) to obtain in- 
formation in regard to the extent that farm operators performed 
off-farm work and the relation of other nonfarm income to the 
value of farm products sold and (2) to provide a basis for the 
classification of farms by economic class (see Farms by eco- 
nomic class, page XXII). The intent of the inquiry in regard to 
whether or not a member of the family had a nonfarm job, and the 
inquiry regarding income of the farm operator from other non- 
farm sources, was to obtain more accurate replies to the inquiry 
regarding the relationship of the income from off-farm work and 
other sources to the total value of all agricultural products sold. 

Specified facilities and equipment. — Inquiries were made in 1954 
for a sample of farms to determine the presence or absence of 
selected items on each place such as (1) telephone, (2) piped run- 
ning water, (3) electricity, (4) television set, (5) home freezer, 
(6) electric pig brooder, (7) milking machine, and (8) power feed 
grinder. Such facilities or equipment were to be counted even 
though temporarily out of order. Piped running water was de- 
fined as water piped from a pressure system or by gravity flow 
from a natural or artificial source. The enumerator's instruc- 
tions stated that pig brooders were to include those heated by an 
electric heating element, by an infra-red or heat bulb, or by or- 
dinary electric bulbs. They could be homemade. 

The number of selected types of other farm equipment was 
also obtained for a sample of farms. The selected kinds of farm 
equipment to be reported were (1) grain combines (for harvest- 
ing and threshing grains or seeds in one operation) ; (2) corn 
pickers; (3) pick-up balers (stationary ones not to be reported) ; 
(4) field forage harvesters (for field chopping of silage and 
forage crops) ; (5) motortrucks; (6) wheel tractors (other than 
garden) ; (7) garden tractors; (8) crawler tractors (tracklaying, 
caterpillar); (9) automobiles; and (10) artificial ponds, reser- 
voirs, and earth tanks. 

Wheel tractors were to include homemade tractors but were 
not to include implements having built-in power units such as 
self-propelled combines, powered buck rakes, etc. "Pick-up" 
and truck-trailer combinations were to be reported as motor- 
trucks. School buses were not to l>e reported, and jeeps and 
station wagons were to be included as motortrucks or automo- 
biles, depending on whether used for hauling farm products or 
supplies, or as passenger vehicles. 

Classification of farms by class of work power.— Farms were 
grouped by class of work power on the basis of whether horses, 



XVI 



UNITED STATES CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE: 1954 



mules, or tractors (wheel or crawler, but not garden) were 
reported. This classification does not present a complete picture 
of the work power used on all farms. For some farms, all the 
work power may be furnished by the landlord ; and for some farms, 
all the work ix>wer may be hired. Thus, farms hiring all of the 
work power from others and those having it furnished are shown 
as having no work power, unless the work animals or tractors 
were kept on the tenant-operated tract. 

Since the number of tractors was obtained for only a sample 
of farms, the number of farms by class of work power represents 
an estimate. 

Farm labor. — The farm-labor inquiries for 1054, made on a 
sample basis, called for the number of persons doing farm work 
or chores on the place during a specified calendar week. Since 
starting dates of the 1954 enumeration varied by areas or States, 
the calendar week to which the farm-labor inquiries related 
varied also. The calendar week was September 26-October 2 or 
October 24-30. States with the September 26-October 2 calendar 
week were : Arizona, California, Colorado, Connecticut, Florida, 
Idaho, Kansas, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maine, Massachusetts, 
Michigan, Minnesota, Montana, Nebraska, Nevada. New Hamp- 
shire, New Jersey, New Mexico, New York, North Dakota, Okla- 
homa, Oregon, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, South Dakota, Ten- 
nessee, Texas, Utah, Vermont, Washington, Wisconsin, and 
Wyoming. States with the October 24-30 calendar week were : 
Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, Georgia, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, 
Maryland, Mississippi, Missouri, North Carolina, Ohio, South 
Carolina, Virginia, and West Virginia. Farm work was to include 
any work, chores, or planning necessary to the operation of the 
farm or ranch business. Housework, contract construction work, 
and labor involved when equipment was hired (custom work) 
were not to be included. 

The farm labor information was obtained in three parts: 
(1) Operators working, (2) unpaid members of the operator's 
family working, and (3) hired persons working. Operators were 
considered as working if they worked 1 or more hours ; unpaid 
members of the operator's family, if they worked 15 or more 
hours ; and hired persons, if they worked any time during the 
calendar week specified. Instructions contained no specifications 
regarding age of the persons working. 

Data shown for earlier censuses are not fully comparable with 
those for 1054, primarily because of differences in the period to 
which the data relate. The data for 1954 were purposely related 
to a period of peak farm employment. During 1950 the labor in- 
quiries were related to the calendar week preceding the actual 
enumeration. Although starting dates were identical in all States 
(April 1, 1950), Ceveral weeks were required to complete the field 
work. Therefore, the calendar week preceding the enumeration 
was not the same for all farms. For the 1945 and 1935 Censuses, 
the number of farm workers related to the first week in January. 
The data for 1940 related to the last week in March. In 1945, 
1940, and 1935, only persons working the equivalent of two or more 
days during the specified week were to be included. In 1945 and 
1940, only workers 14 years old and over were to be included. In 
1935, as in 1954 and 1950, there was no specification regarding 
the age of the farm workers. No instructions were issued to 
include farm chores as farm work in 1940 and 1935 Censuses. 

In censuses prior to 1954, farm-labor data were not always 
satisfactorily reported when the specified week for reporting the 
number of persons employed did not immediately precede the 
week during which the actual enumeration was made. When the 
week, for which a report for the number of persons employed was 
required, was several weeks before the week of enumeration, the 
farm operator or the enumerator often reported the highest num- 
ber of persons employed during the year. When it was obvious 
that the data were not correctly reported, adjustments were made 
to make the data reflect more nearly the situation during the 
specified week. Because of demand for the data, the information 
on number of persons working on farms, for the 1954 Census, 
relates to a specified week. In some cases, this specified week was 



several weeks before the week of actual enumeration. However, 
few adjustments were made in the data for 1954 even though 
there were indications that there was incorrect reporting or that 
the report may have referred to a week other than the week 
specified. 

Regular and seasonal workers. — Hired persons working on the 
farm during the specified week were classed as "regular' 
workers if the period of actual or expected employment was 150 
days or more during the year, and as "seasonal" workers if the 
period of actual or expected employment was less than 150 days. 
If the period of expected employment was not reported, the 
period of employment was estimated for the individual farm 
after taking into account such items as the basis of payment, 
wage rate, expenditures for labor in 1954, and the type and 
other characteristics of the farm. 

Hired workers by basis of payment. — Hired persons were also 
classified according to the basis of payment. The question- 
naire called for the numbers of hired workers paid on a monthly 
basis, on a weekly basis, on a daily basis, on an hourly basis, 
and on a piecework basis. If the basis of payment was not re- 
ported for any of the hired workers, the missing information 
was supplied. 

Wage rate and hours worked. — The rate of pay (except for 
workers on a piecework basis) and the hours that workers were 
expected to work to earn this pay (except for workers on hourly 
basis or on piecework basis) were asked for each class of 
worker. For 1954, the data include estimates of hours worked 
and wage rates for questionnaires incomplete for either of these 
items. Estimates were based upon relationships existing on 
nearby farms of similar size and type. Data for 1950 for hours 
worked and wage rates were restricted to farms reporting both 
wage rates and hours worked. 

Fertilizer and lime. — The 1954 questionnaires contain inquiries 
on the tonnage and cost of fertilizer and liming material and 
the acreage on which they were used during the calendar year 
1954. Fertilizer and lime used on the place were to be included 
regardless of whether the landowner, tenant, or both paid for 
them. Fertilizer was to include only commercial fertilizer or 
fertilizing material. No specific mention was made of basic slag. 
It was thought that this byproduct of steel production would be 
considered as a fertilizing material. Barnyard manure, straw, 
refuse materials, and soil conditioners were to be excluded. Lime 
or liming material was to include ground limestone, hydrated and 
burnt lime, marl, oyster shells, etc. No mention was made of 
gypsum but this product was excluded in the processing when 
the entries for such were detected. Lime used for sprays or 
sanitation purposes was to be omitted. 

Acres on which purchased materials were used were to be re- 
ported for both lime and fertilizer. In case fertilizer was applied 
to the same crop more than once in 1954, instructions were to 
report acres of land only once but to report the total tonnage used. 
The acres fertilized and tons applied were obtained separately for 
selected crops. The selected crops varied by regions. This ar- 
rangement made it possible to obtain data for crops most com- 
monly fertilized in the region. 

For some counties, the tonnage of lime shown in the table may 
be less than the tonnage reported for the Agricultural Conserva- 
tion Program. In some cases, the difference may arise because of 
sampling error and in other cases, it may be the result of under- 
reporting by farm operators. Many of the differences disappear 
when the data are presented for larger areas. 

In the South, some landlords, who conducted some farming 
operations themselves, reported for their operations fertilizer and 
lime paid for wholly or in part by them for use on their tenant- 
operated land. The tenants may also have reported the fertilizer 
and lime. During the editing procedure such reports, when 
detected, were adjusted to prevent duplication in the reports for 
fertilizer and lime by landlords and their tenants. 

Specified farm expenditures. — The 1954 Census obtained data for 
selected farm expense items in addition to those for fertilizer 
and lime. The expenditures were to include the total specified 
expenditures for the place whether made by landlord, tenant, 
or both. 



INTRODUCTION 



XVII 



Expenditures for machine hire were to include any labor in- 
cluded in the cost of such machine hire. Machine hire refers to 
custom machine work such as tractor hire, threshing, combining, 
silo filling, baling, ginning, plowing, and spraying. If part of 
the farm products was given as pay for machine hire, the value 
of the products traded for this service was to be included in the 
amount of expenditures reported. The cost of trucking, freight, 
and express was not to be included. 

Expenditures for hired labor were to include only cash pay- 
ments. Expenditures for housework, custom work, and contract 
construction work were not to be included. 

Expenditures for feed were to include the expenditures for 
pasture, salt, condiments, concentrates, and mineral supplements, 
as well as those for grain, hay, and mill feeds. Expenditures for 
grinding and mixing feeds were also to be included. Payments 
made by a tenant to his landlord for feed grown on the land 
rented by the tenant were not to be included. 

Exi>enditures for gasoline and other petroleum fuel and oil 
were to include only those used for the farm business. Petroleum 
products used for the farmer's automobile for pleasure or used 
exclusively in the farm home for heating, cooking, and lighting 
were not to be included. 

Farm-mortgage debt. — Data on farm-mortgage debt will be con- 
tained in a special report (Part 5 of Volume III) to be issued in 
1956. This report will contain data only for States and larger 
geographic areas. 

Crops 

Crops harvested. — The agriculture questionnaire was organized 
to make possible the listing of acreage and quantity harvested for 
each crop. To facilitate the enumerator's work, specific crop 
questions were varied according to areas (usually each area com- 
prised a State or a group of States). Regionalizing question- 
naires made it possible to devote special attention to the more 
important crops for a given area and also to use the unit of 
measure that was in most common use in the area. 

In most instances, the harvested acreage that was reported 
for individual crops represents the area harvested for the 1954 
crop year. An exception was made for land in fruit orchards, 
vineyards, and planted nut trees ; in this case the acreage repre- 
sents that in both bearing and nonbearing trees and vines as of 
the date of enumeration (usually October or November 1954). 
The acreage harvested for various crops is often less than the 
acreage planted. 

With three exceptions, citrus fruits, olives, and avocados, figures 
for quantity harvested represent the amount actually harvested 
during the 1954 crop year. Citrus fruit production was to be re- 
ported for the 1953-1954 marketing season (from the bloom of 
1953). Olive and avocado production for California related to 
the quantity harvested from the 1953 bloom (an instruction to 
enumerators referred to the marketing season which began 
October 1, 1953). In Florida, the avocado production period, 
according to the Enumerator's Instruction Book, was to include 
the quantity harvested from the 1953 bloom (the harvesting sea- 
son extending from July 1, 1953, to June 30, 1954). 

The unit of measure used for reporting the quantity harvested 
for some crops has varied, not only from State to State, but from 
census to census, to permit reporting in units of measure cur- 
rently in use. In the State and county tables, figures on quantity 
harvested for each crop are shown in the unit of measure appear- 
ing on the 1954 Agriculture Questionnaire. When required, data 
for earlier years were converted into units of measure differing 
from those which were used in the published reports for those 
years. 

Corn. — The inquiries regarding corn acreage and quantity har- 
vested were not the same in all States. In areas where farmers 
frequently use units of measure such as baskets, barrels, etc., the 
questionnaire permitted the reporting of quantity harvested in 
bushels or in an alternative unit of measure. When alternative 



units of measure other than bushels (shelled basis) were reported 
on the questionnaire, the quantity was converted into bushels 
prior to tabulation. As in former censuses, farmers in certain 
areas had a tendency to report the quantity of corn harvested in 
terms of baskets of ear corn, barrels, or some unit other than 
bushels of corn on a shelled basis. Such reports, when detected, 
were corrected to represent the equivalent bushels of 70 pounds of 
ear corn or 56 pounds of shelled corn. 

Annual legumes. — Acres and quantity harvested for the most 
important uses of soybeans, cowpeas, and peanuts, as well as 
the total acreage grown for all purposes, were obtained for 
areas where these crops are grown extensively. The total acreage 
grown for all purposes includes some acreage not harvested as 
the acreage plowed under for green manure was included. In 
certain States, separate figures were obtained for the acres grown 
alone and the acres grown with other crops. For the 1954 Census, 
enumerators were instructed to report acres and value of sales 
for cowpeas harvested for green peas with vegetables harvested 
for sale. For 1949, the total acreage of vegetables harvested for 
sale, shown in State and county tables, includes the acres of 
cowpeas harvested for green peas for the following States : Ala- 
bama, Florida, Georgia, Louisiana, Mississippi, North Carolina, 
South Carolina, and Texas. However, for 1949 the number of 
farms reporting and the value of vegetables harvested for sale 
do not include farms reporting or the value of cowpeas harvested 
for green peas. 

Hay crops. — The tables contain data regarding the total acres 
of land from which hay was cut. Sorghum, soybean, cowpea, and 
peanut hays were excluded from this total as separate questions 
were provided in those States where these crops are important. 
The figures for total land from which hay was cut for 1954 were 
obtained by adding the acres of the various hay crops, including 
grass silage, for each county. The comparable figures for the 1950 
Census were obtained by an inquiry of the farm operator. Alfalfa 
hay includes any production which was dehydrated. The tonnage 
of alfalfa hay for dehydration (as well as that for other hays 
but not for grass silage) is given on a dry-weight basis. 

Enumerators and farmers were instructed to report the total 
quantity of hay harvested from all cuttings, but to report only 
once the acres of land from which more than one cutting was 
made. For 1954, alfalfa hay included alfalfa and alfalfa mix- 
tures. Likewise, clover and timothy hay included clover and 
timothy and mixtures of clover and grasses. For 1950, the agri- 
culture questionnaire contained instructions to report mixed hay 
under the kind of hay that made up the largest part of the mix- 
ture. The differences in the instructions for reporting mixed 
hays affect the comparability of the data for the 1954 and prior 
censuses. The kinds of hay to be reported under "Other hay" 
varied from State to State, and can be determined for a specific 
State by referring to the copy of the questionnaire in the 
Appendix. 

Clover seed, alfalfa, grass and other field seed crops. — The 1954 
questionnaire contained separate inquiries for a number of the 
field seed crops and provided a question on "other field seed 
crops" for the purpose of obtaining information for all minor field 
seed crops harvested. 

Irish potatoes and sweetpotatoes. — The 1954 Census inquiry for 
both Irish and sweet potatoes called for acres harvested and the 
quantity harvested. If less than 20 bushels (or 10 bags in speci- 
fied States) of Irish potatoes or if less than 20 bushels of sweet- 
potatoes were harvested, the enumerator was instructed to 
report the quantity harvested, but not the area harvested. This 
method of reporting was used in order to facilitate the enumera- 
tion of potatoes grown on small plots for home use. The pro- 
cedure and inquiries for both Irish potatoes and sweetpotatoes 
were essentially the same for 1950. Data for censuses prior to 
1950 are not entirely comparable with those for 1950 and 1954. 
Earlier censuses did not eliminate the acres of the small plot — 
home-use production of Irish potatoes and sweetpotatoes. There- 



XVIII 



UNITED STATES CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE: 1954 



fore, especially in counties or States where the production of 
potatoes is largely for home use, the data on acres for 1954 and 
19.10 are not fully comparable with those for earlier censuses. 

Berries and other small fruits.— The questionnaire called for 
acreage and quantity harvested in 1954 for sale. Nonbearing 
areas and areas from which berries or fruits were not harvested 
for sale were not to be reported. Separate inquiries were carried 
on the questionnaire for such berries as strawberries, black- 
berries, and raspberries (tame) in States where production of 
these crops was important commercially. 

Tree fruits, nuts, and grapes.— For 1954, the number of trees or 
vines and the quantity harvested were not enumerated if there 
was a total of less than 20 fruit or nut trees and grai>evines on 
the farm. For censuses prior to 1954, enumerators were in- 
structed to report the number of fruit or nut trees and grape- 
vines and the quantity harvested, regardless of how many trees 
or grai>evines were on the farm. Because of this change in 
instructions, the data for 1954 are not fully comparable with 
those for prior censuses. In commercial fruit-producing counties, 
the change in instructions may have affected considerably the 
number of farms reporting, but had little effect on the number 
of trees or the quantity harvested. On the other hand, in counties 
where most of the fruit and nut trees and grai>evines are in small 
plantings, largely for producing fruit or nuts for consumption on 
the farm, the change in instructions may have resulted in a reduc- 
tion not only in the number of farms reporting, but also in the 
number of fruit and nut trees and grapevines, as well as in the 
quantity harvested. 

For 1954, the acreage in fruit orchards, groves, vineyards, and 
planted nut trees was not enumerated if there were less than 20 
fruit or nut trees and grapevines on the farm. For the 1950 
Census, enumerators were instructed not to report the area in 
fruit orchards, groves, vineyards, and planted nut trees if the 
area was less than one-half acre. For censuses prior to 1950, 
enumerators were instructed to report the area in all orchards, 
vineyards, and planted nut trees regardless of size of the area. 
However, frequently enumerators did not report the area for 
small fruit plantings and home orchards. In areas where small 
fruit and nut plantings or home orchards comprise a considerable 
part of the total fruit and nut acreage, considerable change may 
be indicated from census to census in the acreage of land in fruit 
trees, planted nut trees, and grapevines because of differences in 
enumeration procedures or in the enumerators' application of the 
instructions. 

In the regional questionnaire for Arizona and California, the 
acreage in each individual fruit and nut crop was secured. 

The acreage in fruit and planted nut trees and grapevines does 
not usually include the acreage of wild pecans that were not 
planted. For Maine, the acreage in cropland harvested includes 
the acreage from which wild blueberries were harvested. 

The unit of measure used for the quantity of fruits, grapes, and 
nuts harvested varied from State to State. Tables in this report 
show the quantity harvested in the unit of measure appearing on 
the 1954 Agriculture Questionnaire. 

Nursery and greenhouse products. — The agriculture question- 
naire included three inquiries relating to horticultural-specialty 
crops. One called for acres and value of sales in 1954 of nursery 
products (trees, shrubs, vines, ornamentals, etc.). Another asked 
for the area grown under glass; area grown in the open ; and value 
of sales of cut flowers, potted plants, florist greens, and bedding 
plants. The third called for area grown under glass or in house ; 
area grown in the open; and value of sales of vegetables grown 
under glass, flower seeds, vegetable seeds, vegetable plants, bulbs, 
and mushrooms. The inquiries in 1954 were essentially the same 
as those used in the 1950 Census. 

Value of crops harvested and value of crops sold. — The total 
value of crops harvested represents the value of all crops harvested 
during the crop year 1954. It includes the value of the part of 
the crop consumed on the farm and the value of the part of the 



crop used for seed on the farm, as well as the value of the part 
of the crop that was sold. 

Farmers were not asked to report the value of crops harvested. 
The values were calculated in the central office by multiplying the 
quantity harvested for each crop by the average price at which the 
crop was sold in the State. These State average prices were ob- 
tained cooperatively by the Agricultural Marketing Service, 
United States Department of Agriculture, and the Bureau of the 
Census. The prices are based on reports provided by a sample of 
farmers and dealers. However, average prices were not calculated 
for vegetables harvested for sale, nursery and greenhouse prod- 
ucts, and forest products. In the absence of the value of quan- 
tities harvested for these products, the value of sales which was 
obtained in the enumeration was used in calculating the total 
value of crops harvested. 

State Table 16 gives data for the value of that part of each 
crop sold. The questionnaire did not call for reports of sales 
(quantity sold or the value of sales) for all crops. Estimates of 
the quantities sold were made in the central office for those crops 
for which the quantity sold was not enumerated. (For the pro- 
cedure used in estimating the quantity of each crop sold, see 
Value of farm products sold, page XXIII.) For each crop, the 
quantity sold was multiplied by the average State price in order to 
obtain the value of the quantity sold. Enumerators and farmers 
were instructed to report the landlord's share as sold unless it 
was used for feed or seed on the place where it was produced. 

In 1950, the value of crops sold was obtained by inquiry of 
each farm operator during the enumeration. 

Forest products. — The forest products data obtained by the 
Census relate only to those products cut on farms. Commercial 
logging, timber operations, and forest products cut on places 
not counted as farms are excluded. Therefore, the data pub- 
lished do not show the total forestry output and income for a 
county or State. 

The questions included in the 1954 questionnaire were essen- 
tially the same as those for 1950. However, a change was made 
in the enumeration of the sales of standing timber. In 1950, a 
special question asked for "sales from standing timber," while in 
1954, instructions were to report any standing timber cut as saw- 
logs and veneer logs. 

Irrigation 

Irrigated land was defined as land to which water was applied 
by artificial means for agricultural purposes. Water applied by 
suhirrigation was included as well as that applied to the surface. 
Irrigated land included land irrigated by a sprinkler system. 
Land flooded during high-water periods was to be considered as 
irrigated land only if water was purposely applied for agri- 
cultural purposes by means of dams, canals, or other works. 
Regulation of the "water table" by drainage works was not to be 
included as irrigation. 

There were two groups of irrigation inquiries used for the 
1954 Census. One group was used in the 17 Western States 
(Arizona, California, Colorado, Idaho, Kansas, Montana, Ne- 
braska, Nevada, New Mexico, North Dakota, Oklahoma, Oregon, 
South Dakota, Texas, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming) and in 
Arkansas, Florida, and Louisiana. The other group was used 
in the remaining 28 States. In the 17 Western States and Arkan- 
sas, Florida, and Louisiana, the agriculture questionnaire con- 
tained several inquiries regarding irrigation. These inquiries 
related to the area of irrigated land from which crops were 
harvested and the names of the crops for which the entire acreage 
harvested was irrigated in 1954. In all of these States except 
Arkansas and Louisiana, the area of irrigated pasture was also 
obtained. In the remaining States, the agriculture question- 
naire called for only the total acres irrigated in 1954. This 
acreage may have been used for harvested crops, soil-improvement 
crops, or for pasture. 

The inquiries relating to irrigation for the 1954 Census were 
essentially the same as those for the 1950 Census. However, in 



INTRODUCTION 



XIX 



1950, irrigated land from which no crop was harvested was in- 
cluded as irrigated land, while such acreage was not obtained in 
1954. 

Considerable data are published regarding irrigation in the 
17 Western States and Arakansas, Florida, and Louisiana. The 
following definitions apply to these States : 

Irrigated farms. — These are farms reporting land irrigated. 
Data on land in irrigated farms and on land in irrigated farms 
according to use include the entire acreage of land in these farms, 
whether irrigated or not. 

land irrigated. — This relates only to that part of the land in 
irrigated farms to which water was applied. However, for 
Arkansas and Louisiana the total for irrigated land does not 
include land used solely for pasture or grazing. For the 17 
Western States and for Arkansas, Florida, and Louisiana, this 
total does not include irrigated cropland that was not harvested 
and not pastured. 

Irrigated land in farms according to use. — This classification 
provides data on the use of irrigated land in farms and includes 
that part of the cropland harvested that was irrigated as well 
as that portion of the land pastured to which water was applied. 

Farms with all harvested crops irrigated. — These are all "irri- 
gated farms" on which all crops harvested were grown on irri- 
gated land. 

Irrigated crops harvested. — The data for irrigated crops har- 
vested include (1) the acreage of crops harvested on irrigated 
farms on which all harvested crops were irrigated and (2) the 
acreage of those crops which were wholly irrigated on farms 
where a part of, or all of, other harvested crops were not irrigated. 
Thus, the reported acreage in irrigated crops may not include the 
total acreage of each harvested crop grown on irrigated land, but 
the exclusions are minor. However, in the case of vegetables 
harvested for sale and orchard fruits and nuts, the data for farms 
reporting number of trees, value of sales, etc., relate only to those 
crops harvested on farms on which all crops were irrigated. 

Land-Use and Conservation Practices 

Land in cover crops turned under for gTeen manure. — The data 
for this item represent land on which a cover crop was turned 
under in 1954 and another crop was planted for harvest after 1954. 
Such acreages were to be reported even though the succeeding 
crop may later have failed. This inquiry was not made in Ari- 
zona, California, Colorado, Idaho, Kansas, Montana, Nebraska, 
Nevada, New Mexico, North Dakota, Oklahoma, Oregon, South 
Dakota, Utah, Washington, Wyoming, and the western part of 
Texas. 

Stripcropping. — The data for stripcropping relates to the area 
of row crops or close-seeded crops that were grown in strips across 
the path of prevailing winds to prevent or reduce the blowing 
of topsoil. This question was included only in Colorado, Idaho, 
Kansas, Montana, Nebraska, Nevada, New Mexico, North Dakota, 
Oklahoma, Oregon, South Dakota, Utah, Washington, Wyoming, 
and the western part of Texas. 

Cropland used for grain or row crops farmed on the contour. — 
This is the area for all grain and row crops that were planted 
around the slope to maintain comparatively level rows instead of 
being planted in straight rows running up and down the slope. 

Livestock and Poultry 

The 1954 questionnaire called for an inventory of or for some 
phase of production for all the important kinds of farm animals 
and poultry. Respondents were asked for the numbers on hand 
on tiie day of enumeration. Livestock were to be enumerated on 
the place on which they were located, regardless of ownership. 
Livestock grazing in national forests, grazing districts, or on open 
range at the time of enumeration were to be reported for the farm 
or ranch to which they belonged. 

The time of the year at which livestock and poultry were 
enumerated influences greatly the resulting data. Therefore, the 
date of the enumeration needs to be considered when comparing 



1954 totals with those for corresponding items for the 1950 or 
prior censuses. The 1950 data represented a spring inventory 
(April 1, 1950), while the current census provided a fall inventory. 
The 1954 enumeration came at a time of large scale movement 
of flocks and herds from one range to another, from ranch to 
feeder, and from farm or ranch to market. 

The censuses of agriculture beginning with 1920 and continuing 
through 1950 were taken as of either April 1 or January 1. The 
censuses taken in the years ending in "0" were taken as of April 
1, while the censuses taken in the years ending in "5" were taken 
as of January 1. An enumeration made in April results in a 
count that differs considerably from a count made in January. 
In most areas a large number of animals are born between 
January and April. On the other hand, a considerable number 
of older animals are sold or die during the 3-month period, 
January to April. In the range States, sheep and cattle are 
moved, with the change in season and grazing condition, from one 
locality, or country, to another. This movement may affect the 
comparability of data for counties and, in some cases, for States. 
The comparability of the data for the number of livestock and 
poultry has also been affected by changes in age groups and 
questionnaire inquiries from census to census. State Table 12 
presents a description of the various age and sex groups of live- 
stock and poultry for each census from 1920 to 1954. 

Milk cows; cows milked; milk sold. — Data on number of cows 
milked and milk production relate to the day preceding the 
enumeration. 

Questionnaires in 25 States, chiefly western and midwestern, 
provided three alternative units of measure for enumerators and 
respondents to report whole milk sales: (1) Pounds of milk, 
(2) pounds of butterfat, and (3) gallons of milk. In the other 
States, sales of whole milk on the basis of butterfat content 
were considered relatively unimportant and. therefore, the unit of 
measure (pounds of butterfat) was omitted from the question- 
naire. However, for publication by States, the reports for whole 
milk sold were converted into a unit of measure common to the 
particular State. Pounds of butterfat were converted into gal- 
lons or pounds of whole milk on the basis of the average butterfat 
content of whole milk, as shown by data furnished by the Agri- 
cultural Marketing Service of the United States Department of 
Agriculture. 

The tables for economic areas contain figures on total milk 
sold. These figures represent the total equivalent of milk and 
pounds of butterfat in cream sold in terms of whole milk. 

Total sales of all dairy products for 1954 are not entirely 
comparable with those for 1949. The value of sales for whole 
milk and cream was included in both the 1954 and 1945 Censuses. 
In 1950, the value of the sales of butter, buttermilk, and cheese 
was obtained ; the value of these products was not included in 
1954. 

Sows and gilts .farrowing. — The 1954 questionnaire asked for 
spring litters by an inquiry on the number of sows and gilts far- 
rowing between December 1, 1953, and June 1, 1954, and for fall 
litters by an inquiry on the number of sows and gilts farrowing 
since June 1, but before December 1, 1954. The inquiry relating 
to sows farrowing or expected to farrow during the fall was in- 
cluded in the census for the first time in 1954. The 1954 data for 
spring farrowings (sows and gilts farrowing between December 
1, 1953, and June 1, 1954) are comparable with those for 1950. 
Since no data were obtained in 1950 for fall farrowing, only the 
1954 data for farrowing after June 1 are given. For a number of 
counties, the ratio of sows farrowing to the number <>f ho^s and 
pigs on hand, plus those sold, may be low because bogs or pigs 
were shipped into the county for feeding. Adjust incuts in the 
number of sows farrowing were made both for spring and fall 
litters when there was substantial evidence that the Dumber of 
sows farrowing was not reported. The adjustments were made 
largely in counties outside the major hog-producing areas. 

Sheep and lambs and wool. — Questionnaires for all States, ex- 
cept Florida, Georgia, and South Carolina, contained inquiries 



XX 



UNITED STATES CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE: 1954 



regarding sheep and lambs. In Florida, Georgia, and South 
Carolina, the enumerator was instructed to report the number of 
sheep and lambs in the remarks section. However, no data on 
the number of sheep and lambs or on wool production were com- 
piled for these 3 States for 1954. 

Goati and mohair. — In Louisiana, New Mexico, Oklahoma, Ore- 
gon, Texas, Washington, and selected counties in Missouri, special 
questions were provided for reporting goats and mohair. These 
questions called for the number of all goats, Angora goats, and 
other goats, separately, and for the number of goats clipped and 
pounds of mohair clipped in 1954. 

Bees and honey. — Provision was not made for reporting bees 
or honey for the 1954 Census. 

Value of livestock on farnn.— The values for 1954 shown in 
State Table 13 were secured by multiplying the number of each 
class of livestock or poultry on hand by the State average price. 
These prices were obtained cooperatively by the Agricultural 
Marketing Service, United States Department of Agriculture, and 
the Bureau of the Census. 

Livestock prodncti. — The inquiries regarding livestock produc- 
tion and sales relate to the calendar year 1954, and those for 
sales of livestock products relate to the products produced in 
1954. 

Salet of live animals. — The 1954 questionnaire called for the 
number and value of sales of animals sold alive from the place 
during 1954. The questions used were similar to those used in 
the 1950 Census. The difference in the time of enumeration for 
the two censuses may have affected the comparability of the data. 
Since the 1954 Census was a fall enumeration, an additional 
problem was involved in getting Information on animals sold 
alive. It was necessary not only to ask the respondent for sales 
he had made during 1954 prior to the date of the enumeration, 
but also for an estimate of sales he would make during the re- 
mainder of 1954. Some respondents may not have reported sales 
to be made after the enumeration but before December 31, 1954. 
No data are available to indicate the extent of under-reporting 
of sales of livestock and poultry. 

Poultry and poultry product*. — For the 1954 Census, chicken 
sales were subdivided Into sales of (1) broilers and (2) other 
chickens. This is the first census in which broilers were enumer- 
ated separately. The enumeration of broilers presented problems 
because of the varied contractual arrangements under which 
broilers are produced. The agriculture questionnaire contained 
the following instruction : "Report all broilers sold from this 
place including those raised for others under contract." In a 
number of cases, young chickens were reported as broilers sold. 
Entries of less than 1,000 chickens or broilers sold, for individual 
farms, were tabulated as other chickens sold. 

Sampling 

Sampling was used for the 1954 Census of Agriculture in two 
ways. First, information on fertilizer and lime, farm expendi- 
tures, farm labor, off-farm work, facilities and equipment on the 
place, farm value, and mortgage debt, was enumerated for only 
a sample of farms. (The information in Sections VIII through 
XIII of the questionnaire was obtained only for the farms in the 
sample. See Appendix for copy of the questionnaire.) Second, 
some tabulations were prepared on the basis of a sample of farms. 
As a result, a greater volume of data could be published than if 
the reports for all farms had been used for every tabulation. Most 
of the data shown in this report by State economic areas are 
estimates prepared on the basis of the tabulation of data for the 
sample of farms. These tabulations are for the same sample of 
farms for which data were collected on a sample basis during the 
enumeration. 

Description of the sample for the 1954 Census. — The sample used 
for the 1954 Census of Agriculture consisted of specified farms 
(see page XII for a description of specified farms) and one-fifth 



of the remaining farms. Thus, the sample included slightly more 
than 20 percent of all farms. 

The actual selection of farms in the sample was made by 
census enumerators as part of the enumeration procedure. The 
enumerator listed the head of each household on a single line of 
the Enumerator's Record Book, and determined whether an 
agriculture questionnaire was to be obtained. If he was re- 
quired to fill a questionnaire, he entered the "number of acres in 
this place" in accordance with question 11 of the agriculture 
questionnaire. On the basis of the number of acres in this place, 
the enumerator recorded a check mark in one of five squares that 
provided for the recording of each farm in one of five size-of- 
farm groups. All the squares for farms with 1,000 or more acres 
were lightly shaded and a random fifth of the squares for each 
of the other four size groups was also lightly shaded. (See Ap- 
pendix for an example of a page of the Enumerator's Record 
Book.) If the respondent was listed on a line for which the 
shaded square corresponded to the size of his farm, his farm 
was included in the sample. The agriculture questionnaire con- 
tained one or more inquiries at the beginning of Section VIII — 
the first section containing inquiries to be asked for only a sam- 
ple of farms (See copy of questionnaire in Appendix) — for the 
guidance of the enumerator as to whether the questionnaire was 
for a farm to be included in the sample and whether the farm 
qualified as a specified farm. 

Adjustment of the sample.— An adjustment in the 20 percent 
part of the sample was made by a process essentially equivalent to 
stratifying the farms in the sample by size, for the purpose of 
(1) improving the reliability of the estimates from the sample 
on an economic area level, and (2) for the purpose of reducing 
the effects of possible biases introduced because some census 
enumerators did not follow perfectly the method devised for se- 
lecting the farms in the sample. In order to adjust the sample 
for each State economic area, counts were obtained of all farms 
and of sample farms for each of ten size-of-farm groups based 
on "acres in this place." The ten size-of-farm groups were as 
follows : Under 10 acres. 10-29 acres, 3049 acres, 50-69 acres, 
70-99 acres, 100-139 a<Tes, 140-179 acres. 180-259 acres, 260-499 
acres, and 500-999 acres. In determining the extent of the adjust- 
ment, the difference between the number of farms in the sample 
and the total number of farms divided by five was obtained for 
each size group. The actual adjustment for the size group was 
made by either eliminating or duplicating, on a random basis, 
farms in those counties of the State economic area where the 
greatest over- or under-representation existed. 

Method of estimation. — Data which are based on the sample of 
farms were expanded to represent figures for all farms. The 
expanded figure for an item was obtained by multiplying by five 
the tabulated total for that item for the farms in the 20 percent 
part of the sample and adding the total for the specified farms. 

Keliability of estimates based on the sample. — The estimates 
based on the tabulation of data for a sample of farms are subject 
to sampling errors. When data based on a sample of farms are 
shown in the same table with data for all farms, the data based 
on a sample are shown in italics. In case all the data in a table 
are estimates based on a sample, a headnote for the table indicates 
that the data are estimates based on a sample of farms. Approxi- 
mate measures of the sampling reliability of estimates are given 
in State Tables 18 and 19 for farms reporting and for item totals. 
These measures indicate the general level of sampling reliability 
of the estimates, but do not include adequate allowances for 
sources of error other than sampling variation as, for example, 
errors in original data furnished by farmers. Sources of error 
other than sampling may be relatively more important than 
sampling variation, especially for totals for a State. 

In general, the measures of sampling reliability presented are 
conservative in that they tend to overestimate the variations in 
sample estimates, because ( 1 ) the predicted limits of error do not 
always take fully into consideration that complete data were 



INTRODUCTION 



XXI 



tabulated for all specified farms and (2) the maximum figures in- 
tended to serve for all economic areas were used. Consequently, 
there is a tendency to overestimate the variations in the sample, 
especially for groups with large numbers of farms or for groups 
for which the totals for specified farms represent a high per- 
centage of the item totals. 

Data in State Tables 18 and 19 are given to assist in deter- 
mining the general level of sampling reliability of estimated 
totals. In State Table 19 a list of the items is given and the 
level of sampling reliability as shown in State Table 18 is indi- 
cated. By referring to State Table 18 in the column for the level 
of sampling reliability designated in State Table 19, the sampling 
error according to the number of farms reporting may be obtained. 
For farms reporting, the indicated level of sampling is level 1. 
State Table 18 shows percentage limits such that the chances 
are about 68 in 100 that the difference between the estimates 
based on the sample and the figure that would have been obtained 
from a tabulation for all farms would be approximately within 
the limit specified. However, the chances are 99 in 100 that the 
difference would be less than two and one-half times the i>ercent- 
age given in the table. 

The data in State Table 18 indicate that when the number 
of farms reporting specified items is small, the item totals are 
subject to relatively large sampling errors. Nevertheless, the 
considerable detail for every classification for each item is pre- 
sented to insure maximum usefulness for appraising estimates 
for any combination of items that may be desired. 

Percentage figures and averages derived from the tables will 
generally have greater reliability than the estimated totals ; also, 
significant patterns of relationships may sometimes be observed 
even though the individual data are subject to relatively large 
sampling errors. 

The data representing estimates based on a sample for the 1950 
Census were obtained in essentially the same way as in 1954 and 
the same State Tables 18 and 19 may be used to estimate the 
sampling errors for the 1950 data. 

Differences in data presented by counties and by State economic 
areas. — In many cases, data presented by State economic areas 
were estimated on the basis of tabulations for a sample of farms, 
while most of the data presented by counties were obtained by 
the tabulation of data for all farms in the county. However, 
data for the number of farms classified by type of farm and 
economic class of farm, and for the use of fertilizer and lime, 
farm expenditures, farm labor, farm facilities, farm equipment, 
and value of land and buildings were estimated for each county 
on the basis of the tabulation of data for a sample of farms 
in each county. The same sample of farms was also used for 
the tabulation of data for these items for State economic areas 
and for the State. In some cases, the totals presented for these 
items for State economic areas or for the State will differ 
slightly, but not significantly, from the totals obtained by adding 
figures for counties in the State economic area or the State. 
As a matter of economy, small adjustments were not made in 
the tabulations when the difference was not large enough to 
affect the usefulness or reliability of the data. 

Classification of Farms 

The classifications of farms by color and tenure of operator, 
economic class of farm, and type of farm were made on the basis 
of visual inspection of each questionnaire during the office 
processing. 

The classification for color and tenure of operator was made for 
all farms, while the classifications by economic class and by type of 
farm were made for only a sample of farms. The classification 
of farms by size was made for all farms by means of electric 
tabulating equipment. 

Farms by size. — Farms were classified by size according to the 
total land area of each farm. The same classification was used 
for all States. 



In analyzing size-of-farm statistics, consideration should be 
given to the definition of a farm for census purposes. Census 
farms are essentially operating units, not ownership tracts. If 
a landlord has croppers or other tenants, the land assigned each 
cropper or tenant is a separate farm even though the landlord 
may operate the entire holding essentially as one farm in respect 
to supervision, equipment, rotation practices, purchase of sup- 
plies, or sale of products. 

In some parts of the South a special questionnaire, the Land- 
lord-Tenant Questionnaire, was used to obtain statistics for such 
multiple units. The statistics for multiple units will be pub- 
lished in Volume III, Part 1. 

Farms by tenure of operator. — Farm operators are classified ac- 
cording to the tenure under which they hold their land on the 
basis of the replies to the inquiries on total land owned, total land 
rented from others, total land managed for others, and land rented 
to others. The basis of classification by tenure is, in general, the 
same for the 1954 as for the 1950 Census. In 1950, for an opera- 
tor who owned land and rented land from others, there was no 
way to determine whether land rented to others represented land 
owned by the operator or land rented by the operator from others ; 
therefore, such an operator was classified as a part owner. In 
1945 and earlier, full owners, part owners, and tenants were classi- 
fied on the basis of the land retained. Under this earlier classi- 
fication a part owner who sublets to others all the land he rents 
from others would have been classified as a full owner ; a part 
owner who rents to others all the land he owns would have been 
classified as a tenant. In 1954, the acreage of owned land that 
was rented to others was obtained for the first time. Thus, it was 
possible to classify a farm operator who owned land and rented 
land from others as a full owner, part owner, or tenant according 
to the ownership or rental of the land he retained. 

Full owners own land but do not retain any land rented from 

others. 

Part owners own land and rent land from others. 

Managers operate farms for others and are paid a wage or sal- 
ary for their services. Persons acting merely as caretakers 
or hired as laborers are not classified as managers. If a farm 
operator managed land for others and also operated land on 
his own account, the land operated on his own account was 
considered as one farm and the land managed for others as a 
second farm. If a farm operator managed land for two or more 
employers all the land managed was considered one farm. 
Tenants rent from others or work on shares for others all the 
land they operate. Tenants are further classified on the basis 
of their rental arrangement as follows : 

Cash tenants pay cash as rent, such as $10 an acre or $1,000 
for the use of the farm. 

Share-cash tenants pay a part of the rent in cash and a part 
as a share of the crops or of the livestock or livestock products. 

Share tenants pay a share of either the crops or livestock or 
livestock products, or a share of both. 

Crop-share tenants pay only a share of the crops. 
Croppers are crop-share tenants whose landlords furnish all 
work power. The landlords either furnish all the work animals 
or furnish tractor power in lieu of work animals. Croppers 
usually work under the close sui>ervision of the landowners, or 
their agents, or another farm operator, and the land assigned 
them is often merely a part of a larger enterprise operated as a 
single unit. 

Livestock-share tenants pay a share of the livestock or live- 
stock products. They may or may not also pay a share of the 
crops. 

Other tenants include those who pay a fixed quantity of any 
product ; those who pay taxes, keep up the land and buildings, 
or keep the landlord in exchange for the use of the land ; those 
who have the use of the land rent free; and others who could 
not be included in one of the other specified subclasses. 

Unspecified tenants include those tenants for whom the rental 
arrangement was not reported. 

For earlier censuses, the definition for each subclass of tenant 
is essentially the same as for 1954. However, in 1945 the 
enumerator was asked to determine the subclass of tenants, 
while in 1954, 1950, 1940, and earlier censuses the classification 
was made during the processing of the questionnaires on the 
basis of the answer to the inquiries on the questionnaires. The 



XXII 



UNITED STATES CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE: 1954 



procedure for 1945 may have affected the comparability of the 

data, particularly those for cash tenants' and share-cash 

tenants. 

Farms by color or race of operator. — Farm operators are classi- 
fied by color as "white" and "nonwhite." Nonwhite includes 
Negroes, Indians, Chinese, Japanese, and all other nonwhite 
races. 

Farms by economic class. — A classification of farms by economic 
class was made for the purpose of segregating groups of farms 
that are somewhat alike in their characteristics and size of 
operation. This classification was made in order to present an 
accurate description of the farms in each class and in order to 
provide basic data for an analysis of the organization of agricul- 
ture. Only the farms in the sample were classified by economic 
class. The totals given in the tables represent estimates for all 
farms based on tabulations of the data for the farms included in 
the sample. 

The classification of farms by economic class was made on the 
basis of three factors; namely, total value of all farm products 
sold, number of days the farm operator worked off the farm, 
and the relationship of the income received from nonfarm sources 
by the operator and members of his family to the value of all 
farm products sold. Farms operated by institutions, experiment 
stations, grazing associations, and community projects were clas- 
sified as abnormal, regardless of any of the three factors. 

For the purpose of determining the code for economic class and 
type of farm, it was necessary to obtain the total value of farm 
products sold as well as the value of some individual products 
sold. 

The total value of farm products sold was obtained by adding 
the reported or estimated values for all products sold from the 
farm. The value of livestock, livestock products except wool 
and mohair, vegetables, nursery and greenhouse products, and 
forest products was obtained by the enumerator from the farm 
operator for each farm. The enumerator also obtained from the 
farm operator the quantity sold for corn, sorghums, small grains, 
hays, and small fruits. The value of sales for these crops was 
obtained by multiplying the quantity sold by State average prices. 

The quantity sold was estimated for all other farm products. 
The entire quantity produced for wool, mohair, cotton, tobacco, 
sugar beets for sugar, sugarcane for sugar, broomcorn, hops, and 
mint for oil was estimated as sold. If the estimated value of the 
quantity sold for any other crop was $100 or more, the entire 
quantity harvested was estimated as sold. To obtain the value 
of each product sold, the quantity sold was multiplied by State 
average prices. 

In making the classification of farms by economic class, farms 
were grouped into two major groups, namely, commercial farms 
and other farms. In general, all farms with a value of sales of 
farm products amounting to $1,200 or more were classified as 
commercial. Farms with a value of sales of $250 to $1,199 were 
classified as commercial only if the farm operator worked off the 
farm less than 100 days or if the income of the farm operator 
and members of his family received from nonfarm sources was 
less than the total value of all farm products sold. The remaining 
farms with gross income of $250-$l,199 and farms with a value 
of sales of all farm products of less than $250, as well as farms 
operated by institutions, experiment stations, grazing associa- 
tions and community projects were classified as "other farms." 

Commercial farms were divided into six groups on the basis 

of the total value of all farm products sold, as follows : 

Value of farm 
Class of farm products sold 

I $25,000 or more 

II 10,000 to $24,999 

III 5,000 to 9,999 

IV 2, 500 to 4,999 

V 1,200 to 2,499 

VI *250 to 1,199 

•Provided the farm operator worked off the farm less than 100 days 
or provided the income the farm operator and members of his family 
received from nonfarm sources was less than the value of all farm 
products sold. 



Other farms have been grouped into three classes as follows : 

Part-time farms. — Farms with a value of sales of farm 
products of $250 to $1,199 were classified as part time if the 
farm operator reported (a) 100 or more days of work off the 
farm in 1954, or (b) the nonfarm income received by him and 
members of his family was greater than the value of farm 
products sold. 

Residential farms. — Residential farms include all farms ex- 
cept abnormal farms with a total value of sales of farm prod- 
ucts of less than $250. Some of these represent farms on which 
the operator worked off the farm more than 100 days in 1954. 
Some represent farms on which the income from nonfarm 
sources was greater than the value of sales of agricultural 
products. Others represent subsistence and marginal farms 
of various kinds. Some farms are included here which, if the 
classification were based on farm production for more than 
1 year, might have qualified as commercial farms. 

Abnormal farms. — Insofar as it was possible to identify them, 
abnormal farms include public and private institutional farms, 
community enterprises, experiment-station farms, grazing asso- 
ciations, etc. 

Farms by type. — The classification of farms by type was made 
on the basis of the relationship of the value of sales from a par- 
ticular source or sources to the total value of all farm products 
sold from the farm. In some cases, the type of farm was de- 
termined on the basis of the sale of an individual farm product, 
such as cotton, or on the basis of closely related products, such 
as dairy products. In other cases, the type was determined on 
the basis of sales of a broader group of products such as corn, 
sorghums, all small grains, field peas, field beans, cowpeas, and 
soybeans. Part-time, residential, and abnormal farms were not 
classified by type. In order to be classified as a particular type, 
sales or anticipated sales of a product or a group of products had 
to represent 50 percent or more of the total value of products 
sold. 

Only the farms in the sample were classified by type. The 
data given in this report by type of farm relate only to commercial 
farms. 

The types of farms for which data are shown, together with 
the product or group of products on which the classification is 
based, are : 

Product or group of products amounting 
to 50 percent or more of the value of all 
Type of farm farm products sold 

Cotton Cotton. 

Cash-grain Corn, sorghum, small grains, field peas, 

field beans, cowpeas, and soybeans. 

Other field-crop Peanuts, Irish potatoes, sweetpotatoes, 

tobacco, sugarcane, sugar beets for 
sugar, and other miscellaneous crops. 

Vegetable Vegetables. 

Fruit-and-nut Berries and other small fruits, and tree 

fruits, grapes, and nuts. 

Dairy Milk and other dairy products. The cri- 
terion of 50 percent of the total sales 
was modified in the case of dairy 
farms. A farm for which the value of 
sales of dairy products represented 
less than 50 percent of the total value 
of farm products sold was classified as 
a dairy farm if — 

(a) Milk and other dairy products 
accounted for 30 percent or more 
of the total value of products sold, 
and 

(b) Milk cows represented 50 per- 
cent or more of all cows, and 

(c) Sales of dairy products, to- 
gether with the sales of cattle and 
calves, amounted to 50 percent or 
more of the total value of farm 
products sold. 

Poultry Chickens, eggs, turkeys, and other poul- 
try products. 

Livestock farms other Cattle, calves, hogs, sheep, goats, wool, 
than dairy and poul- and mohair, provided the farm did not 
try. qualify as a dairy farm. 



INTRODUCTION 



XXIII 



Product or group of products amounting 
to 50 percent or more of the value of all 
Type of farm farm products sold — Continued 

General Farms were classified as general when 

the value of products from one source 
or group of sources did not represent 
as much as 50 percent of the total 
value of all farm products sold. 
Separate figures are given for three 
kinds of general farms : 

(a) Primarily crop. 

(b) Primarily livestock. 

(c) Crop and livestock. 
Primarily crop farms are those for 

which the sale of one of the'following 
crops or groups of crops — vegetables, 
fruits and nuts, cotton, cash grains, 
or other field crops — did not amount 
to 50 percent or more of the value of 
all farm products sold, but for which 
the value of sales for all these groups 
of crops represented 70 percent or 
more of the value of all farm products 
sold. 

Primarily livestock farms are those 
which could not qualify as dairy 
farms, poultry farms, or livestock 
farms other than dairy and poultry, 
but on which the sale of livestock and 
poultry and livestock and poultry 
products amounted to 70 percent or 
more of the value of all farm products 
sold. 

General crop and livestock farms are 
those which could not be classified as 
either crop farms or livestock farms, 
but on which the sale of all crops 
amounted to at least 30 percent but 
less than 70 percent of the total value 
of all farm products sold. 

Miscellaneous This group of farms includes those that 

had 50 percent or more of the total 
value of products accounted for by 
sale of horticultural products, or sale 
of horses, or sale of forest products. 

The classification of farms by type of farm for the 1954 Census 
was made on essentially the same basis as that for the 1050 
Census. In 1050, miscellaneous farms included those that had 
50 percent or more of the total value of products accounted for 
by the sale of fur animals, or the sale of bees and honey, in addi- 
tion to the items included in the 1954 classification. 

Value of farm products sold. — Data on the value of farm 
products sold were obtained for 1954 by either of two methods. 
First, the values of livestock sold alive, poultry, poultry products, 
vegetables harvested for sale, nursery and greenhouse products, 
forest products, and all livestock products, except wool and mo- 
hair, were obtained during the enumeration by asking the farm 
operator the value of sales. 

Second, the values of all other agricultural products sold were 
estimated for each county. During the enumeration, the quantiiy 
sold was obtained for each farm, for corn for grain, sorghums 
for grain or forage, small grains, hays, and for all small fruits 
and berries. For all other crops, the quantity sold was esti- 
mated for each county. For the purpose of computing value of 
farm products sold, it was assumed that the entire quantity har- 
vested, or reported, was sold for the following crops: 



Strawberries 

Blackberries 

Dewberries 

Raspberries 

Blueberries 

Boysenberries 

Loganberries 

Youngberries 

Cranberries 

Currants 

Gooseberries 

Elderberries 

Other berries 

Apples 

Peaches (except in selected 
States where the proportion 
of the crop culled was con- 
siderable) 



Clingstone peaches (except in 
a few States where the pro- 
portion of the crop culled 
was considerable) 

Pears 

Cherries 

Plums and prunes 

Plums (except in selected 
States where the proportion 
of the crop culled was con- 
siderable) 

Prunes (except in selected 
States where the proportion 
of the crop culled was con- 
siderable) 

Apricots 

Avocados (except in selected 
States where the proportion 



of the crop culled was con- 
siderable) 

Figs 

Mangoes 

Nectarines 

Olives 

Grapes 

Bananas 

Dates 

Guavas 

Japanese i>ersimmons 

Jujubes 

Papayas 

Pineapples 

Pomegranates 

Quinces 

Sapodillas 

Soursops 

Sugar apples 

Loquats 

other tree fruits 

Tung nuts 

Walnuts (English or Persian) 

Almonds 

Filberts and hazelnuts 

Black walnuts 

Chestnuts 

Coconuts 

Other nuts 

Oranges 

Tangerines, mandarins, sat- 
sumas (except in selected 



of the crop culled was con- 
siderable) 

Temple oranges 

Valencia oranges (except in 
selected States where the 
proportion of the crop culled 
was considerable) 

Navel oranges (except in se- 
lected States where the pro- 
portion of the crop culled 
was considerable) 

Other oranges (except in se- 
lected States where the pro- 
portion of the crop culled 
was considerable) 

Grapefruit (except in selected 
States where the proportion 
of the crop culled was con- 
siderable) 

Lemons 

Limes 

Tangeloes 

Kumquats 

Citrons 

Limequats 

Other citrus fruits 

Cotton 

Popcorn 

Sugar beets for sugar 

Broomcorn 

Sugarcane for sugar 

Tobacco 



States where the proportion 

The quantity sold was estimated for the following crops on the 
basis of crop-disposition data published by the Agricultural 
Marketing Service of the U. S. Department of Agriculture: 



Alfalfa seed 
Red clover seed 
Lespedeza seed 
Sweetclover seed 
Timothy seed 
Alsike seed 
Soybeans for beans 



Cowpeas for dry peas 

Peanuts for nuts 

Dry field beans 

Sugarcane and sorghum for 

sirup 
Maple sugar 
Maple sirup 



In the case of Irish potatoes and sweetpotatoes, the quantity 
sold was estimated after making allowance for home use, on the 
basis of data on the disposition of these crops as published by 
the Agricultural Marketing Service of the U. S. Department of 
Agriculture. 

The quantity sold for the following miscellaneous crops was 
estimated on the basis of the reported quantity or value of sales 
for the 1954 Census or on the basis of the quantity sold as shown 
for the 1950 Census : 



Soybeans for hay 

Cowpeas for hay 

Peanuts for hay 

Velvetbeans 

Angelica 

Anise (except for oil) 

Arnica 

Artemisia 

Basil 

Belladonna 

Bloodroot 

Borage 

Buhach 

Burnet 

Cascara bark 

Carambola 

Cassava 

Castor beans 

Chicory 

Chufas 

Coriander 

Dikon 

Dill for oil 

Fennel seed 

Fejou 

Flax for fiber 

Foxglove 

Ginseng 

Gobbe 

Golden seal 



Guar 

Hemp for fiber 
Hemp for seed 
Jaboticaba 
Kudzu crowns 
Lemon balm 
Litchi nuts 
Mint for oil 
Oiticica nut 
Ramie for fiber 

Rape seed 

Roselle 

Safflower 

Sesame for oil 

Sorrel 

Sugar beet seed 

Sunflower seed 

Sweet corn for seed 

Teosinte 

Vetiver 

Wormseed oil 
Lentils 
Other grains 
Grass silage 
Other clover seed 
Hubam clover 
Mammoth clover 
Persian clover 
Sour clover 
Crotalaria seed 



XXIV 



UNITED STATES CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE: 1954 



Indigo, hairy seed Other seed 

Meadow foxtail Sesbania i 

Fescue grass Sheep fescue 

Rhodes grass 

The estimated value of all crops sold, except vegetables har- 
vested for sale, nursery and greenhouse products, and forest prod- 
ucts, was obtained by multiplying the estimated quantity sold by 
the State average price. The State average prices were obtained 
by the Agricultural Marketing Service of the U. S. Department of 
Agriculture. 

In the case of miscellaneous crops listed above, the average 
prices have been determined on the basis of reports of quantity 
sold and value of sales obtained in the 1954 Census of Agriculture. 

For the 1950 Census, the value of all farm products sold was 
obtained by inquiry of each farm operator during the enumera- 
tion. In that census, inquiries were made regarding the value 
of farm products sold for a maximum of 46 individual farm prod- 
ucts or groups of farm products. In most cases, the quantity sold 
for the individual farm product was obtained together with the 
value of sales. The total value of farm products sold for 1950 
includes the value of several farm products not included in the 
figures for 1954 — butter, cheese, skim milk, bees, honey, corn fod- 
der, corn silage, and grain straw, and receipts from the rental of 
pasture. 

Data for the sales of farm products represent total sales for 
the entire farm, regardless of who shared in the receipts. The 
landlord's share of crops and livestock sold and also the livestock 



which the landlord took from the tenant farm to his own place 
were considered as sales from the tenant farm. Sales of crops 
grown on a contract basis, of livestock fed on a contract basis, or 
of poultry raised under a contract with a feed dealer or others, 
were included as sales from the farm. 

The data on sales cover one year's operation. The sales of 
crops represent the sales of crops before the enumeration as well 
as those yet to be sold at the time of the enumeration. Corn, 
cotton, and other commodities under loan were to be considered 
as sold at loan prices. Livestock sales are for the calendar 
year regardless of when the livestock were raised or produced. 
Most livestock products are sold at the time they are produced. 
It was assumed that all wool and mohair shorn or clipped in 
1954 was sold. 

The value of farm products sold does not include government 
payments for soil conservation, lime and fertilizer furnished, and 
subsidy payments. 

When obtaining the value of the farm products sold from farm 
operators, the enumerators were instructed to report the gross 
value without making deductions of any kind. These instruc- 
tions, however, were not always followed. In the case of milk, 
poultry, eggs, etc., deductions were often made by buyers of farm 
products for hauling, handling, marketing, etc., before making 
payments to farmers. In such cases, farm operators often con- 
sidered the amount of the check received as the gross value of 
the farm products sold. 



DELAWARE 
Chapter A 

STATISTICS FOR THE STATE 

(i) 



DELAWARE 



State Table l.-FARMS, ACREAGE, AND VALUE: CENSUSES OF 1920 TO 1954 





[Data in italics are basec 


on reports for 


only a sample 


of farms. See 


text] 








Item 
(For definitions and explanations, 


see text) 








Census 


of— 








1954 

(November) 


1950 
(April l) 


1945 
(January l) 


1940 
(April 1) 


1935 
(January 1) 


1930 
(April 1) 


1925 

(January l) 


1920 
(January l) 






6,297 
1,265,920 


7,448 
1,265,920 


9,296 
1,265,920 


8,994 
1,265,920 


10,381 
1,257,600 


9,707 
1,257,600 


10,257 
1,257,600 


10,140 






1,257,600 






64.3 


67.2 


72.9 


70.7 


73.3 


71.6 


71.5 


75.1 






814,316 
129.3 

13.6S6 
152.87 


851,291 
114.3 

12.561 
115.01 


923,350 

99.3 

7,820 
78.73 

8,450 


895,507 
99.6 

6,104 
61.30 

8,407 


921,251 

88.7 

4,959 

55.88 

9,957 


900,815 
92.8 

6,896 

74.31 

9,213 


-' 1 l,64J 
87.7 

5,818 
66.33 

(NA) 


944,511 






93.1 


Value of laud aod buildiogs: 




6,386 






68.56 


fund in lurms according to use: ' 




(NA) 




acres.. 


412,295 


389,283 


416,162 


378,448 


388,722 


407,609 


404,209 


2 448,422 




..farms reporting.. 


765 


1,163 


1,756 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 




..farms reporting.. 


597 


838 


1,182 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 






584 

935 

1,371 

879 

381 

334 

43 

4 


697 

1,126 

1,484 

865 

275 

257 

13 

5 


993 
1,606 
1,868 

855 

190 

172 

15 

3 


(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 


(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 


(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 


(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 


(NA) 






(NA) 






(NA) 






(NA) 






(NA) 






(NA) 






(NA) 




..farms reporting.. 


(NA) 






2,871 


3,662 


3,052 


4,545 


4,379 


4,481 


5,024 


(NA) 




acres.. 


63,860 


72,051 


62,842 


84,113 


76,242 


82,855 


78,868 


(NA) 


Cropland not harvested and not pastured. 


..farms reporting.. 


1,631 


2,974 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 




acres. . 


38,379 


73,836 


85,114 


107,022 


115,449 


96,650 


114,650 


(NA) 


Cropland used only for crops not 


..farms reporting.. 


393 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 




acres.. 


7,252 


(Hi) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 




..farms reporting.. 


1,344 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 




acres.. 


31,127 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 




..farms reporting.. 


533 


499 


415 


(NA) 


404 


857 


708 


(NA) 




acres.. 


22,884 


10,776 


8,992 


(NA) 


8,219 


16,070 


10,386 


(NA) 




..farms reporting.. 


3,966 


4,822 


5,778 


(NA) 


6,737 


6,288 


6,506 


(NA) 




acres. . 


192,009 


206,077 


223,237 


(NA) 


226,292 


187,628 


188,180 


(NA) 


Other pasture (not cropland and not 


..farms reporting.. 


936 


1,263 


1,956 


(NA) 


1,427 


1,418 


613 


(NA) 




acres.. 


26,029 


28,178 


40,157 


(NA) 


22,072 


23,628 


12,379 


(NA) 


Other land (house lots, roads. 




5,913 
58,860 


6,932 
71,090 


8,272 
86,846 


(<■») 


10,030 
84,255 


8,872 
86,375 


(NA) 
90,969 


(NA) 




acres. . 


(NA) 




..farms reporting.. 


5,832 


6,863 


8,868 


8,758 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 




acres.. 


514,534 


535,170 


564,118 


569, 583 


580,413 


587,114 


597,727 


(NA) 




..farms reporting.. 


3,686 


4,521 


4,741 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 




acres . . 


112,773 


111,005 


111,991 


(NA) 


106,533 


122,553 


101,633 


(NA) 






4,317 
214,893 


5,054 
216,853 


5,898 
232,229 


6,439 
225,361 


(NA) 
234,511 


(NA) 
203,698 


(NA) 
198,566 


(NA) 




acres. . 


222,658 




..farms reporting.. 


81 


10 


3 


2 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


acres.. 


5,553 


404 


22 


7 


(NA) 


INA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 



"Available data not comparable. 

NA Not available. 

l For the Ceneua of 1954, in the calendar yeax; all other censuses, in the calendar year preceding the census. 

2 Total acreage of crops for which figures are available, except that corn cut for forage was excluded as most 
vested for grain. 

3 Total cropland, cropland used only for pasture, and other pasture not fully comparable for the various 
only for pasture. See text. 



of this acreage was probably duplicated 
census years because of differences in 



in the acreage of corn har- 
definition of cropland used 



STATISTICS FOR THE STATE 



State Table 2.-FARMS AND FARM ACREAGE ACCORDING TO USE, BY SIZE OF FARM: 

[Data for 1950 are based an reports for only a sample of farms. See text] 



CENSUSES OF 1920 TO 1954 



(For definitions and explanations, see text) 









Census of- 










1954 


1950 


1945 


1940 


1935 


1930 


1925 


1920 


(November) 


(April 1) 


(January 1) 


(April 1) 


(January 1) 


(April 1) 


(January 1) 


(January 1) 


6,297 


7,452 


9,296 


8,994 


10,381 


9,707 


10,257 


10,140 


691 


892 


1,281 


787 


903 


597 


693 


503 


178 


246 


362 


115 


64 


39 


5 


22 


513 


646 


919 


672 


839 


558 


688 


481 


850 


1,047 


1,362 


1,306 


1,623 


\ 2>784 


3,142 


2,905 


709 


923 


1,128 


1,158 


1,441 


i 






597 


724 


999 


1,095 


1,296 


) 2,815 


2,909 


2,952 


747 


887 


1,182 


1,309 


1,607 


1 






778 


903 


1,194 


1,326 


1,463 








556 


697 


788 


791 


881 


/ 3,081 


3,157 


3,373 


396 


434 


460 


468 


513 


( 






252 


279 


277 


225 


229 


/ 






534 


515 


498 


431 


363 


371 


300 


355 


148 


115 


100 


73 


52 


51 


52 


47 


39 


36 


27 


25 


10 


8 


4 


5 


814,316 


855,410 


923,350 


895,507 


921,251 


900,815 


899,641 


944,511 


129.3 


114.8 


99.3 


99.6 


88.7 


92.8 


87.7 


93.1 


2,946 


4,619 


5,251 


3,895 


4,843 


3.319 


3,967 


3,703 


15,978 


19,169 


24,524 


23,719 


29,407 


) 79,336 


88,229 


84,267 


27,417 


35,727 


43,390 


44,627 


55,551 


j 






34,698 


43,841 


58,130 


63,903 


74,761 


) 199,861 


204,873 


208,105 


61,964 


73,579 


97,330 


107, 597 


132,115 


] 






90,572 


104,625 


137,915 


152,155 


167,267 


) 






87,281 


107,928 


123,455 


124,056 


137,550 


( 454,626 


465,646 


498,824 


78,378 


85,785 


91,117 


92,454 


101,036 


' 






60,032 


65,824 


65,936 


53,743 


54,334 


/ 






180,443 


175,239 


166,466 


142,467 


119,187 


122,067 


97,410 


114,707 


97,507 


79,455 


64,278 


47,211 


32,829 


31,812 


32,884 


29,337 


77,100 


59,619 


45,558 


39,680 


12,371 


9,794 


6,632 


5,568 


5,512 


6,503 


8,450 


8,407 


9,957 


9,213 


(NA) 


(NA) 
448,422 


412,295 


386,079 


416,162 


378,448 


388,722 


407,609 


404,209 


296 


350 


883 


514 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


944 


1,560 


2,466 


1,591 


2,777 


1,751 


2,189 


(NA) 


663 


863 


1,199 


1,193 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 
46,525 


(NA) 


7,496 


7,543 


12,681 


11,536 


15,394 


42,772 


(NA) 


612 


827 


1,041 


1,089 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


13,329 


15,957 


22,374 


21,261 


27,196 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


567 


660 


944 


1,051 


(NA) 


(NA) 
94,710 


(NA) 
91,496 


(NA) 


18,561 


18-, 895 


28,838 


29,546 


33,327 


(NA) 


720 


871 


1,118 


1,276 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


32,651 


35,497 


45,414 


48,334 


56,009 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


757 


872 


1,165 


1,303 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA! 


47,711 


49,169 


65,196 


67,376 


70,482 


'207,640 


'213,186 


(NA) 


546 


682 


765 


778 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


45,678 


51,824 


56,576 


52,645 


57,159 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


390 


433 


450 


461 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


40,443 


40,913 


41,339 


40,605 


42,155 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


247 


279 


270 


223 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


32,760 


32,409 


29,933 


22,466 


22,891 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


532 


515 


488 


425 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


96,589 


83,095 


70,016 


58,614 


46,090 


48,753 


40,847 


(NA) 


144 


115 


100 


70 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


47,931 


27,279 


25,027 


14,343 


10,487 


9,753 


8,851 


(NA) 


38 


36 


27 


24 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


28,202 


21,938 


16,302 


10,131 


4,755 


2,230 


1,115 


(NA) 


2,871 


3,757 


3,052 


4,545 


4,379 


4,4B1 


5,024 


(NA) 


63,860 


77,846 


62,842 


84,113 


76,242 


82,855 


78,868 


(NA) 


66 


86 


(Hi) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


174 


265 


112 


220 


128 


137 


(NA) 


(NA) 


197 


295 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


, (NA) 
3 4,970 


(NA) 


(NA) 


1,017 


1,430 


915 


1,619 


1,262 


(NA) 


(NA) 


239 


430 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


1,879 


2,886 


1,861 


2,870 


2,632 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


246 


327 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 
14,596 


(NA) 


(NA) 


2,195 


3,411 


2,817 


4,457 


4,408 


(NA) 


(NA) 


369 


550 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


4,247 


6,160 


5,886 


8,183 


8,407 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


463 


606 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


. (NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


7,724 


9,684 


9,921 


14,631 


13,677 


'46,766 


(NA) 


(NA) 


362 


437 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


8,032 


9,845 


11,131 


13,314 


13,770 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


275 


351 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


7,245 


9,438 


7,479 


11,100 


10,603 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


170 


163 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


6,093 


6,213 


5,699 


6,601 


5,640 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


363 


396 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


14,394 


19,344 


12,392 


14,201 


12,495 


13,296 


(NA) 


(NA) 


95 


96 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


6,858 


6,559 


2,985 


2,761 


2,074 


2,153 


(NA) 


(NA) 


26 


20 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


4,002 


2,591 


1,644 


4,156 


1,146 


937 


(NA) 


(NA) 



AI 1 faras number - - 

Under 10 acres number . . 

Under 3 acres number . . 

3 to 9 acres number.. 

10 to 29 acres number . . 

30 to 49 acres number. . 

50 to 69 acres number . . 

70 to 99 acres number . . 

100 to 139 acres number. . 

140 to 179 acres number. . 

180 to 219 acres number.. 

220 to 259 acres number.. 

260 to 499 acres number . . 

500 to 999 acres number. . 

1,000 acres and over number. . 

Land in faras acres.. 

Average size of farms acres . . 

Under 10 acres acres.. 

10 to 29 acres acres.. 

30 to 49 acres acres . . 

50 to 69 acres acres . . 

70 to 99 acres acres . . 

100 to 139 acres acres. . 

140 to 179 acres acres.. 

180 to 219 acres acres. . 

220 to 259 acres acres . 

260 to 499 acres acres . , 

500 to 999 acres acres. 

1,000 acres and over acres. 

Lund in faras according to use: 

Cropland harvested farms reporting. 

acres . 

Under 10 acres farms reporting . 

acres. 
10 to 29 acres farms reporting . 

acres . 
30 to 49 acres farms reporting . 

acres . 
50 to 69 acres farms reporting. 

acres . 

70 to 99 acres farms reporting . 

acres . 
100 to 139 acres farms reporting. 

acres . 
140 to 179 acres farms reporting. 

acres. 
180 to 219 acres farms reporting . 

acres . 

220 to 259 acres farms reporting . 

acres . 
260 to 499 acres farms reporting. 

acres. 
500 to 999 acres farms reporting . 

acres . 
1,000 acres and over farms reporting. 

acres . 

Cropland nsed only for pasture farms reporting. 

acres . 

Under 10 acret> farms reporting . 

acres. 
10 to 29 acres farms reporting . 

acres . 
30 to 49 acres farms reporting . 

acres . 
50 to 69 acres farms reporting . 

acres . 

70 to 99 acres farms reporting . 

acres . 
100 to 139 acres farms reporting . 

acres . 
L40 to 179 acres farms reporting . 

acres. 
180 to 219 acres farms reporting . 

acres. 

220 to 259 acres farms reporting . 

* acres . 
260 to 499 acres farms reporting . 

acres . 
500 to 999 acres farms reporting. 

acres. 
1,000 acres and over farms reporting. 

acres . 

See footnotes at end of table. 



DELAWARE 



State Table 2.-FARMS AND FARM ACREAGE ACCORDING TO USE, BY SIZE OF FARM: CENSUSES OF 1920 TO 1954-Continued 



[Data for 1950 are based on reports for only a sample of farms. See text] 



(For definitions and explanations, see text) 



Census of — 



1954 
(November) 



1950 
(April l) 



1945 
(January 1) 



1940 
(April 1) 



1935 
( January l) 



1930 
(April ; 



1925 



( January l) 



ry*;u 
( January 1) 



Land in faras according to use 1 — Continued 
Cropland not harvested and 

not pastured fsrms reporting.. 

acres. . 

Under 10 acres farms reporting.. 

acres. . 

10 to 29 acres farms reporting.. 

acres. , 

30 to 49 acres farms reporting. , 

acres., 

50 to 69 acres farms reporting.. 

acres. . 

70 to 99 acres farms reporting., 

acres. . 

100 to 139 acres farms reporting., 

acres. , 

140 to 179 acres farms reporting., 

acres. , 

180 to 219 acres farms reporting. 

acres. 

220 to 259 acres farms reporting. 

acres. , 

260 to 499 acres farms reporting. 

acres. 

500 to 999 acres farms reporting., 

acres. , 

1,000 acres and over farms reporting. 

acres. . 

Cropland used only for cropa 
not harvested and not pastured. . .farms reporting. 

acres. , 

Under 10 acres farms reporting. 

acres. 

10 to 29 acres farms reporting., 

acres. . 

30 to 49 acres farms reporting. 

acres. , 

50 to 69 acres farms reporting.. 

acres. 

70 to 99 acres farms reporting. 

acres. 

100 to 139 acres farms reporting. 

acres. 

140 to 179 acres farms reporting. 

acres. 

180 to 219 acres farms reporting. 

acres. 

220 to 259 acres farms reporting. 

acres. 

260 to 499 acres farms reporting. 

acres. 

500 to 999 acres farms reporting., 

acres. 

1,000 acres and over farms reporting. 

acres. 

Cropland lying idle farms reporting. 

acres. 

Under 10 acres farms reporting. 

acres. 

10 to 29 acres farms reporting. 

acres. 

30 to 49 acres farms reporting. 

acres . 

50 to 69 acres farms reporting. 

acres. 

70 to 99 acres farms reporting. 

acres. 

100 to 139 acres farms reporting. 

acres. 

140 to 179 acres farms reporting. 

acres. 

180 to 219 acres farms reporting. 

acres. 

220 to 259 acres farms reporting. 

acres. 

260 to 499 acres farms reporting. 

acres. 

500 to 999 acres farms reporting. 

acres. 

1,000 acres and over farms reporting. 

acres. 



1,631 
38,379 

64 
195 

216 
1,662 

217 
2,656 

151 
2,193 

204 
3,274 

220 
4,674 

145 
3,691 

109 
3,338 

73 
2,079 

167 
7,182 



16 
3,305 



393 
7,252 

5 
18 

33 
157 

39 
305 

26 
198 

43 
472 

57 
808 

45 
602 

39 
769 

21 
499 

57 
1,962 

22 
1,223 

6 
239 

1,344 
31,127 

59 

177 

190 
1,505 

187 
2,351 

133 
1,995 

172 
2,802 

178 
3,866 

114 
3,089 

84 
2,569 

59 



122 

5,220 

34 
2,907 

12 
3,066 



2,953 
75,390 

127 
352 

331 
2,510 

451 
5,936 

383 
6,645 

381 
7,247 

367 
9,637 

314 
9,565 

178 
5,645 

131 
5,815 

220 
8,887 

50 
7,387 

20 
5,764 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 

(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 

(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 



(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 

(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 



(NA) 

85,114 

(NA) 
456 

(NA) 
3,055 

(NA) 
5,386 

(NA) 
7,589 

(NA) 

11,971 

Cna) 

13,419 

(NA) 

10,900 

(NA) 
7,401 

(NA) 
5,338 

(NA) 
12,256 

(NA) 
4,056 

(NA) 
3 287 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA). 

(NA) 

(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 



(NA) 
107,022 

(NA) 
569 

(NA) 
3,795 

(NA) 
7,836 

(NA) 

11,018 

(NA) 
15,714 

(NA) 

20,199 

(NA) 

14,631 

(NA) 
9,399 

(NA) 
4,977 

(NA) 
13,368 

(NA) 
4,100 

(NA) 
1,416 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 

(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
INA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 

(NA) 



(NA) 
115,449 

(NA) 
462 

(NA) 
5,040 

(NA) 
10,505 

(NA) 
13,347 

(NA) 
21,767 

(NA) 
22,732 

(NA) 

15,208 

(NA) 

11,009 

(NA) 
4,502 

(NA) 
8,854 

(NA) 
1,871 

(NA) 
152 



(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 

(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 



(NA) 
96,650 

(NA) 

(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 

(na) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 

(na) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 

(NA) 



(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 

(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 

(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 



(NA) 
114,650 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 

(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 



See footnotes at end of table. 



STATISTICS FOR THE STATE 



State Table Z-FARMS AND FARM ACREAGE ACCORDING TO USE, BY SIZE OF FARM: CENSUSES OF 1920 TO 1954-Continued 

[Data for 1950 are based on reports for only a sample of farms. See text] 



(For definitions and explanations, see text) 









Census of 


— 








1954 
(November) 


1950 
(April 1) 


1945 

(January l) 


1940 
(April 1) 


1935 

(January l) 


1930 
(April 1) 


1925 
( January l) 


1920 
(January l) 


533 
22,864 


595 
12,642 


415 
8,992 


(NA) 
(NA) 


404 
8,219 


857 
16,070 


708 
10,386 


(NA) 
(NA) 


2 
6 


15 
30 


(NA) 
20 


(NA) 
(NA) 


(NA) 
(NA) 


(NA) 
(NA) 


(NA) 
(NA) 


(NA) 
(NA) 


38 
232 


40 

215 


(NA) 
147 


(NA) 
(NA) 


(NA) 
(NA) 


(NA) 
(NA) 


(NA) 
(NA) 


(NA) 
(NA) 


46 
561 


61 
565 


(NA) 
198 


(NA) 
(NA) 


(NA) 
(NA) 


(NA) 
(NA) 


(NA) 
(NA) 


(NA) 
(NA) 


45 
808 


75 
1,145 


(NA) 
343 


(NA) 
(NA) 


(NA) 
(NA) 


(NA) 
(NA) 


(NA) 
(NA) 


(NA) 
(NA) 


79 
1,335 


85 
860 


(NA) 
476 


(NA) 
(NA) 


(NA) 
(NA) 


(NA) 
(NA) 


(NA) 
(NA) 


(NA) 
(NA) 


78 
1,958 


95 
1,065 


(NA) 
1,042 


(NA) 
(NA) 


(NA) 
(NA) 


(NA) 
(NA) 


(NA) 
(NA) 


(NA) 
(NA) 


57 
1,820 


66 
2,365 


(NA) 
1,152 


(NA) 

(na) 


(NA) 
(NA) 


(NA) 

(NA) 


(NA) 
(NA) 


(NA) 
(NA) 


54 
1,569 


26 
905 


(NA) 
1,110 


(NA) 
(NA) 


(NA) 
(NA) 


(NA) 
(NA) 


(NA) 
(NA) 


(NA) 
(NA) 


31 
1,443 


45 
2,465 


(NA) 
586 


(NA) 
(NA) 


(NA) 

(na) 


(NA) 

(NA) 


(NA) 
(NA) 


(NA) 
(NA) 


76 
4,443 


63 
2,342 


(NA) 
1,375 


(NA) 
(NA) 


(NA) 
(NA) 


(NA) 
(NA) 


(NA) 
(NA) 


(NA) 
(NA) 


21 
1,795 


20 
485 


(NA) 
1,540 


(NA) 
(NA) 


(NA) 

(NA) 


(NA) 
(NA) 


(NA) 
(NA) 


(NA) 
(NA) 


6 
6,914 


4 
200 


(NA) 
1,003 


(NA) 
(NA) 


(NA) 
(NA) 


(NA) 

(na) 


(NA) 
(NA) 


(NA) 
(NA) 


3,966 

192,009 


4,781 
203,253 


5,778 
223,237 


(NA) 
(NA) 


6,737 
226,292 


6,288 

187,628 


6,506 

188,180 


(NA) 
(NA) 


84 
184 


125 

715 


(NA) 
282 


(NA) 
(NA) 


(NA) 
(NA) 


(NA) 
(NA) 


(NA) 
(NA) 


(NA) 
(NA) 


359 
2,669 


504 
3,760 


(NA) 
3,226 


(NA) 
(NA) 


(NA) 
(NA) 


(NA) 
(NA) 


(NA) 
(NA) 


(NA) 
(NA) 


442 
5,909 


547 
6,078 


(NA) 
7,381 


(NA) 
(NA) 


(NA) 
(NA) 


(NA) 
(NA) 


(NA) 
(NA) 


(NA) 
(NA) 


429 

7,708 


528 
9,209 


(NA) 
11,353 


(NA) 
(NA) 


(NA) 
(NA) 


(NA) 
(NA) 


(NA) 
(NA) 


(NA) 
(NA) 


558 
15,250 


712 
17,235 


(NA) 
22,868 


(NA) 
(NA) 


(NA) 
(NA) 


(NA) 
(NA) 


(NA) 
(NA) 


(NA) 
(NA) 


608 
20,928 


685 
24,762 


(NA) 
33,540 


(NA) 
(NA) 


(NA) 
(NA) 


(NA) 
(NA) 


(NA) 
(NA) 


(NA) 
(NA) 


414 
19,727 


546 
23,473 


(NA) 
29,771 


(NA) 

(NA) 


(NA) 
(NA) 


(NA) 
(NA) 


(NA) 
(NA) 


(NA) 
(NA) 


302 
18,104 


374 
21,511 


(NA) 
22,842 


(NA) 

(NA) 


(NA) 
(NA) 


(NA) 
(NA) 


(NA) 
(NA) 


(NA) 
(NA) 


196 
13,196 


206 
14,139 


(NA) 
15,769 


(NA) 
(NA) 


(NA) 
(NA) 


(NA) 
(NA) 


(NA) 
(NA) 


(NA) 
(NA) 


418 
39,661 


427 
42,856 


(NA) 
46,399 


(NA) 
(NA) 


(NA) 
(NA) 


(NA) 
(NA) 


(NA) 

(NA) 


(NA) 
(NA) 


120 
21,693 


94 
22,851 


(NA) 
17,840 


(NA) 
(NA) 


(NA) 
(NA) 


(NA) 
(NA) 


(NA) 
(NA) 


(NA) 
(NA) 


36 
26,980 


31 
16,664 


(NA) 
11,964 


(NA) 
(NA) 


(NA) 
(NA) 


(NA) 
(NA) 


(NA) 
(NA) 


(NA) 
(NA) 


936 
26,029 


1,256 
28,656 


1,958 
40,157 


(NA) 
(NA) 


1,427 
22,072 


1,418 
23,628 


613 
12,379 


(NA) 
(NA) 


15 
33 


25 

70 


(NA) 
130 


(NA) 
(NA) 


(NA) 
(NA) 


(NA) 
52 


(NA) 
(NA) 


(NA) 
(NA) 


83 
480 


85 
340 


(NA) 
1,084 


(NA) 
(NA) 


(NA) 
(NA) 


(NA) 
3 1,356 


(NA) 
(NA) 


(NA) 
(NA) 


106 
834 


115 
850 


(NA) 
1,941 


(NA) 
(NA) 


(NA) 
(NA) 


(NA) 
(NA) 


(NA) 
(NA) 


(NA) 
(NA) 


92 
1,134 


120 
995 


(NA) 
2,466 


(NA) 
(NA) 


(NA) 
(NA) 


(NA) 
4,724 


(NA) 
(NA) 


(NA) 
(NA) 


108 
1,645 


185 
2,225 


(NA) 
4,111 


(NA) 
(NA) 


(NA) 

(na) 


INA, 
(NA) 


(NA) 
(NA) 


iNA) 

NA) 


138 
2,964 


212 
5,122 


(NA) 
5,785 


(NA) 
(NA) 


(NA) 

(na) 


(NA) 
5 11,700 


(NA) 
(NA) 


(NA) 
(NA) 


113 
3,096 


175 
4,370 


(NA) 
4,903 


(NA) 
(NA) 


(NA) 
(NA) 


(NA) 
(NA) 


(NA) 
(NA) 


(NA) 
(NA) 


83 
2,666 


113 
2,446 


(NA) 
3,210 


(NA) 
(NA) 


(NA) 
(NA) 


(NA) 
(NA) 


(NA) 
(NA) 


(NA) 
(NA) 


39 
1,129 


60 
1,560 


(NA) 
2,462 


(NA) 
(NA) 


(NA) 
(NA) 


(NA) 
(NA) 


(NA) 
(NA) 


(NA) 
(NA) 


111 
6,241 


137 
5,053 


(NA) 
7,550 


(NA) 
(NA) 


(NA) 
(NA) 


(NA) 

3,666 


(NA) 
(NA) 


(NA) 
(NA) 


41 
3,324 


22 
3,590 


(NA) 
3,543 


(NA) 
(NA) 


(NA) 
(NA) 


(NA) 
1,977 


(NA) 

Cm) 


(NA) 
(NA) 


7 
2,483 


7 
2,035 


(NA) 
2,972 


(NA) 
(NA) 


(NA) 
(NA) 


(NA) 
153 


(iW 

(NA) 


(NA) 
(NA) 



Laad in fams according to use 1 — Continued 

Woodland pastured farms reporting.. 

acres. ■ 

Under 10 acres farms reporting.. 

acres. . 

10 to 29 acres farms reporting.. 

acres. . 

30 to 49 acres farms reporting. . 

acres.. 

50 to 69 acres farms reporting., 

acres. . 

70 to 99 acres farms reporting.. 

acres. , 

100 to L39 acres farms reporting.. 

acres.. 

140 to 179 acres farms reporting.. 

acres.. 

180 to 219 acres farms reporting.. 

acres. . 

220 to 259 acres farms reporting.. 

acres. . 

260 to 499 acres farms reporting.. 

acres. . 

500 to 999 acres farms reporting.. 

acres. . 

1,000 acres and over farms reporting.. 

acres.. 

Woodlund not pastured farms reporting. . 

acres. . 

Under 10 acres farms reporting.. 

acres.. 

10 to 29 acres farms reporting.. 

acres. . 

30 to 49 acres farms reporting. . 

acres.. 

50 to 69 acres farms reporting.. 

acres. . 

70 to 99 acres farms reporting.. 

acres. . 

100 to 139 acres farms reporting,. 

acres.. 

140 to 179 acres farms reporting.. 

acres. . 

180 to 219 acres farms reporting.. 

acres. . 
220 to 259 acres farms reporting.. 

acres. . 

260 to 499 acres farms reporting.. 

acres. . 

500 to 999 acres farms reporting.. 

acres. . 
1,000 acres and over farms reporting.. 

acres.. 

Other pasture (not cropland and 

not woodland ) 6 farms reporting. . 

acres. . 

Under 10 acres farms reporting.. 

acres. . 

10 to 29 acres farms reporting.. 

acres. . 

30 to 49 acres farms reporting.. 

acres. . 

50 to 69 acres farms reporting . . 

acres. . 

70 to 99 acres farms reporting.. 

acres.. 

100 to 139 acres farms reporting.. 

acres. . 

140 to 179 acres farms reporting.. 

acres . . 

180 to 219 acres farms reporting.. 

acres. . 
220 to 259 acres farms reporting.. 

acres. . 

260 to 499 acres farms reporting.. 

acres.. 

500 to 999 acres farms reporting.. 

acres.. 

1,000 acres and over farms reporting.. 

acres. . 

See footnotes at end of table. 



DELAWARE 



State Table 2.-FARMS AND FARM ACREAGE ACCORDING TO USE, BY SIZE OF FARM: CENSUSES OF 1920 TO 1954 -Continued 





[Data 


for 1950 are based 


on reports for 


only a sample 


Df farms. See text] 










Item 
(For definitions and explanations, see text) 


Census of — 




1954 
(November) 


1950 
(April 1) 


1945 
(January 1) 


1940 
(April 1) 


1935 

(January l) 


1930 
(April 1) 


1925 
(January l) 


1920 
(January 1) 


In 


nd in faras accordion t° use 1 — Continued 
Other pasture (not cropland and not woodland) — Continued 

acres. . . 


273 
5,782 


(NA) 
(NA) 


(NA) 
(NA) 


(NA) 
(NA) 


(NA) 
(NA) 


(NA) 
(NA) 


(NA) 
(NA) 


(NA) 
(NA) 






1 
2 


(NA) 

(NA) 


(NA) 
(NA) 


(NA) 
(NA) 


(NA) 
(NA) 


(NA) 

(na) 


(NA) 
(NA) 


(NA) 




acres... 


(NA) 






17 
97 


(NA) 
(NA) 


(NA) 
(NA) 


(NA) 
(NA) 


(NA) 
(NA) 


(NA) 
(NA) 


(NA) 
(NA) 


(NA) 




acres. .. 


(NA) 






24 

124 


(NA) 
(NA) 


(NA) 
(NA) 


(NA) 
(NA) 


(NA) 
(NA) 


(NA) 

(na) 


(NA) 
(NA) 


(NA) 




acres... 


(NA) 






32 

337 


(NA) 

(na) 


(NA) 
(NA) 


(NA) 
(NA) 


(NA) 

(NA) 


(NA) 
(NA) 


(NA) 
(NA) 


(NA) 




acres. . . 


(NA) 






30 
420 


(NA) 
(NA) 


(NA) 

(na) 


(NA) 

(na) 


(NA) 
(NA) 


(NA) 
(NA) 


(NA) 
(NA) 


(NA) 




acres. . . 


(na) 






46 
669 


(NA) 
(NA) 


(NA) 
(NA) 


(NA) 
(NA) 


(NA) 

(na) 


(NA) 
(NA) 


(NA) 
(NA) 


(NA) 




acres. . . 


(NA) 






34 
544 


(NA) 

(na) 


(NA) 
(NA) 


(NA) 
(NA) 


(NA) 
(NA) 


(NA) 
(NA) 


(NA) 
(NA) 


(NA) 




acres. . . 


(na) 






25 

533 


(NA) 

(NA) 


(NA) 
(NA) 


(NA) 

(NA) 


(NA) 
(NA) 


(NA) 
(NA) 


(NA) 
(NA) 


(NA) 




acres. . . 


(NA) 






13 
523 


(NA) 
(NA) 


(NA) 
(NA) 


(NA) 
(NA) 


(NA) 

(NA) 


(NA) 
(NA) 


(NA) 
(NA) 


(NA) 




acres. . . 


(NA) 






37 
1,711 


(NA) 
(NA) 


(NA) 
(NA) 


(NA) 
(NA) 


(NA) 
(NA) 


(NA) 
(NA) 


(NA) 
(NA) 


(NA) 




acres. . . 


(na) 






12 
562 


(NA) 
(NA) 


(NA) 

(na) 


(NA) 
(NA) 


(NA) 
(NA) 


(NA) 
(NA) 


(NA) 
(NA) 


(NA) 




acres. . ■ 


(NA) 






2 

260 


(NA) 
(NA) 


(NA) 
(NA) 


(NA) 
(NA) 


(NA) 
(NA) 


(NA) 
(NA) 


(NA) 
(NA) 


(NA) 




acres.. . 


(NA) 






5,832 

514,534 


6,870 
539,315 


8,868 
564,118 


8,756 
569,583 


(NA) 
580,41J 


(NA) 

587,114 


(NA) 
597,727 


(NA) 




acres. . . 


(NA) 






364 
1,313 


472 
2,177 


970 
3,034 


(NA) 
2,380 


(NA) 
3,367 


(NA) 
(NA) 


(NA) 
(NA) 


(NA) 




acres... 


(NA) 




acres. . . 


778 
10,175 


963 
11,483 


1,306 
16,651 


(NA) 
16,950 


(NA) 
21,696 


INA) 
(NA) 


(NA) 
(NA) 


(NA) 
(NA) 






676 
17,864 


893 
24,779 


1,098 

29,621 


(NA) 
31,967 


(NA) 
40,333 


(NA) 

(na) 


(NA) 
(NA) 


(NA) 




acres. . . 


(NA) 






587 
22,949 


692 
28,971 


990 
39,244 


(NA) 
45,021 


(NA) 
51,082 


(NA) 
(NA) 


(NA) 
(NA) 


(NA) 




acres.. . 


(NA) 






739 
40,172 


882 
48,904 


1,175 
63,271 


(NA) 
72,231 


(NA) 
86,183 


(NA) 
(NA) 


(NA) 
(NA) 


(NA) 




acres.. . 


(NA) 






772 
60,109 


898 
68,490 


1,186 
88,536 


(NA) 
102,206 


(NA) 
106,891 


(NA) 
(NA) 


(NA) 
(NA) 


(NA) 




acres. . . 


(NA) 






555 
57,401 


692 
71,234 


787 
78,607 


(NA) 
80, 590 


(NA) 
86,137 


(NA) 
(NA) 


(NA) 
(NA) 


(NA) 




acres. . . 


(NA) 






394 
51,026 


433 
55,996 


457 
56,219 


(NA) 
61,104 


(NA) 
63,767 


(NA) 
(NA) 


(NA) 
(NA) 


(NA) 




acres. . . 


(NA) 






251 
40,932 


279 
44,437 


275 
40,970 


(NA) 
34,044 


(NA) 
33,033 


(NA) 
(NA) 


(NA) 
(NA) 


(NA) 




acres.. . 


(NA) 






533 
118,165 


515 
111,326 


497 
94,664 


(NA) 
86,183 


(NA) 
67,439 


(NA) 
(NA) 


(NA) 
(NA) 


(NA) 




acres... 


(NA) 






145 
58,919 


115 
41,225 


100 
32,068 


(NA) 
21,204 


(NA) 
14,432 


(NA) 
(NA) 


(NA) 
(NA) 


(NA) 




acres. .. 


(NA) 






38 
35,509 


36 
30,293 


27 
21,233 


(NA) 
15,703 


(NA) 
6,053 


(NA) 
(NA) 


(NA) 
(NA) 


(NA) 




acres. . . 


(NA) 






3,686 
112,773 


4,557 
119, 144 


4,741 
111,991 


(NA) 
(NA) 


(NA) 
106,533 


(NA) 
122,553 


(NA) 
101,633 


(NA) 




acres. . . 


(NA) 






81 
213 


126 
365 


101 
262 


(NA) 
(NA) 


(NA) 
(NA) 


(NA) 
(NA) 


(NA) 
(NA) 


(NA) 




acres. .. 


(NA) 




acres... 


297 
1,729 


390 
1,985 


386 
2,146 


(NA) 

(NA) 


(NA) 
(NA) 


(NA) 
(NA) 


(NA) 
(NA) 


(NA) 
(NA) 






350 
3,274 


515 
4,301 


492 
4,000 


(NA) 
(NA) 


(NA) 
(NA) 


(NA) 
(NA) 


(NA) 
(NA) 


(NA) 




acres... 


(NA) 






349 
4,137 


417 
5,571 


519 
5,626 


(NA) 
(NA) 


(NA) 
(NA) 


(NA) 
(NA) 


(NA) 
(NA) 


(NA) 




acres. . . 


(NA) 






478 
7,227 


675 
9,245 


696 
10,473 


(NA) 
(NA) 


(NA) 
(NA) 


(NA) 
(NA) 


(NA) 
(NA) 


(NA) 




acres. . . 


(NA) 






585 
12,646 


707 
15,871 


847 
16,748 


(NA) 
(NA) 


(NA) 
(NA) 


(NA) 
(NA) 


(NA) 
(NA) 


(NA) 




acres. .. 


(NA) 






449 
12,948 


542 
16, 580 


601 
17,186 


(NA) 
(NA) 


(NA) 
(NA) 


(NA) 
(NA) 


(NA) 
(NA) 


(NA) 




acres... 


(NA) 






316 
11,480 


390 
12,789 


359 
11,799 


(NA) 
(NA) 


(NA) 
(NA) 


(NA) 

(na) 


(NA) 
(NA) 


(NA) 




acres... 


(NA) 






195 
8,665 


208 
10,238 


228 
6,747 


(NA) 
(NA) 


(NA) 

(NA) 


(NA) 
(NA) 


(NA) 
(NA) 


(NA) 




acres. . . 


(NA) 






437 
25,078 


458 
26,739 


409 
21,317 


(NA) 
(NA) 


(NA) 
(NA) 


(NA) 
(NA) 


(NA) 
(NA) 


(NA) 




acres. . . 


(NA) 






118 
11,977 


103 
10,634 


80 
8,068 


(NA) 
(NA) 


(NA) 
(NA) 


(NA) 
(NA) 


(NA) 
(NA) 


(NA) 




acres... 


(NA) 




acres... 


31 
13,399 


26 
4,826 


23 
5,619 


(NA) 

Cna) 


(NA) 
(NA) 


(NA) 
(NA) 


(NA) 
(NA) 


(NA) 
(NA) 



See footnotes at end of table. 



STATISTICS FOR THE STATE 



State Table 2.-FARMS AND FARM ACREAGE ACCORDING TO USE, BY SIZE OF FARM: CENSUSES OF 1920 TO 1954-Continued 





[Data 


for 1950 are based 


on reports for 


only a sample 


>f farms. See text] 










Item 
explanations, see text) 








Census of 










(For definitions anc 


1954 

(November) 


1950 
(April l) 


1945 

(January l) 


1940 
(April 1) 


1935 
(January 1) 


1930 
(April 1) 


1925 
(January 1) 


1920 
( January l) 


Land in fans according to 


uae 1 — £ ontinued 


•4,317 
214,893 


5,064 
215,895 


5,898 
232,229 


6,439 
225,361 


(NA) 
234,511 


(NA) 
203,698 


(NA) 
198,566 


(NA) 




acres... 


222,658 






86 
190 


140 
745 


(NA) 
302 


(NA) 
222 


(NA) 
(NA) 


(NA) 
(NA) 


(NA) 
(NA) 


(NA) 




acres. . . 


(NA) 






390 


534 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 




acres. . . 


2,901 


3,975 


3,375 


3,198 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 






478 
6,470 


588 
6,643 


(NA) 
7,579 


(NA) 
8,337 


(NA) 

(NA) 


(NA) 
(NA) 


(NA) 

(NA) 


(NA) 




acres.. . 


(NA) 






465 


563 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 




acres.. . 


8,516 


10,354 


11,696 


13,606 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 






617 
16,585 


742 
18,095 


(NA) 
23,344 


(NA) 
26,864 


(NA) 
(NA) 


(NA) 
(NA) 


(NA) 
(NA) 


(NA) 




acres. . . 


(NA) 






656 


720 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 




acres. . . 


22,886 


25,827 


34,582 


38,148 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 






455 
21,547 


586 
25,838 


(NA) 
30,923 


(NA) 
32,737 


(NA) 
(NA) 


(NA) 
(NA) 


(NA) 
(NA) 


(NA) 




acres. . . 


(NA) 






332 
19,673 


384 
22,416 


(NA) 
23,952 


(NA) 
22,146 


(NA) 

(NA) 


(NA) 

(NA) 


(NA) 
(NA) 


(NA) 




acres. . . 


(NA) 






214 
14,639 


228 

16,604 


(NA) 
16,355 


(NA) 
13,913 


(NA) 
(NA) 


(NA) 
"' (NA) 


(NA) 
(NA) 


(NA) 




acres. * . 


(NA) 






456 
44,104 


443 
45,198 


(NA) 
47,774 


(NA) 
34,942 


(NA) 
(NA) 


(NA) 
(NA) 


(NA) 
(NA) 


(NA) 




acres. . . 


(NA) 






131 
23,488 


104 
23,336 


(NA) 
19,380 


(NA) 
17,690 


(NA) 
(NA) 


(NA) 
(NA) 


(NA) 
(NA) 


(NA) 




acres. .. 


(NA) 


1,000 acres and over. 




37 


32 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 




acres. . . 


33,894 


16,864 


12,967 


13,558 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


Irr luutfd land in iaras. 




ei 

5,553 


1 
5 


3 
22 


2 


(NA) 
(NA) 


(NA) 
(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 

(NA) 




acres... 


7 


(NA) 










(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 




acres. . . 






(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 






3 




(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 




acres. . . 


10 




(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 






1 




(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 




acres. . . 


25 




(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 






2 




(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


;na) 


(NA) 


(NA) 




acres. . . 


40 




(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 






3 




(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 




acres. . . 


60 




(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 






7 




(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 




acres. . . 


256 




(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 






12 




(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 




acres. . . 


728 




(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 






6 




(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 




acres. . . 


405 




(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 






10 
767 




(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 
(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 




acres. . . 




(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 






24 




(NA) 
(NA) 


(na) 


(NA) 


(NA) 
(NA) 


(NA) 
(NA) 


(NA) 




acres. . . 


2,183 




(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 






7 


1 


(NA) 

(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 

(NA) 


(NA) 
(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 




' acres... 


607 


5 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


1,000 acres and over. 




6 




(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 
(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


acres. . . 


472 




(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 



See footnotes at end of table. 



DELAWARE 



State Table 2.-FARMS AND FARM ACREAGE ACCORDING TO USE. BY SIZE OF FARM: CENSUSES OF 1920 TO 1954-Continued 

LData for 1950 are based on reports for only a sample of faros. See text] 



(For definitions and explanations, see text) 



Census of— 



1954 
(November) 



1950 
(April l) 



1945 
(January l) 



1940 
(April 1) 



1935 
( January 1) 



1930 
(April 1) 



1925 

(January l) 



1920 
(January l) 



Land in farms according to use 1 — Continued 
Cover crops turned under and land 
planted to another crop farms 

Under 10 acres farms 

10 to 29 acres farms 

30 to 49 acres... farms 

50 to 69 acres farms 

70 to 99 acres farms 

100 to 139 acres farms 

140 to 179 acres farms 

1B0 to 219 acres farms 

220 to 259 acres farms 

260 to 499 acres farms 

500 to 999 acres farms 

1,000 acres and over farms 

Cropland need for row or grain crops 
famed on contour. ................ ..farms 

Under 10 acres farms 

10 to 29 acres farms 

30 to 49 acres farms 

50 to 69 acres... ..farms 

70 to 99 acres farms 

100 to 139 acres farms 

140 to 179 acres farms 

180 to 219 acres farms 

220 to 259 acres farms 

260 to 499 acres farms 

500 to 999 acres farms 

1,000 acres and over farms 



reporting, 
acres. 

reporting, 
acres. 

reporting, 
acres. 

reporting, 
acres. 

reporting, 
acres. 

reporting, 
acres. 

reporting, 
acres. 

reporting, 
acres. 

reporting. 
acres. 

reporting, 
acres. 

reporting, 
acres. 

reporting., 
acres. 

reporting. , 
acres. 

reporting. , 
acres., 

reporting., 
acres., 

reporting. , 
acres. , 

reporting., 
acres. , 

reporting., 
acres., 

reporting. , 
acres., 

reporting. , 
acres., 

reporting. , 
acres., 

reporting. , 
acres. , 

reporting. , 
acres., 

reporting., 
acres., 

reporting. . 
acres.. 

reporting. , 
acres., 



1,277 
55,848 

11 
30 

76 
620 

102 
1,322 

122 
1,785 

159 
3,333 

181 
5,362 

167 
5,893 

103 
4,163 

71 
3,398 

207 
14,093 

58 
8,933 

20 
6,916 

58 
3,287 



7 
315 

5 
263 

5 

230 

13 
1,169 

2 
280 

3 
405 



(NA) 

(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 

(NA) 



(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 



(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 

(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 



(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 



(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 



(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(•NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 



(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 

(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 



(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 



NA Not available. 2 For the Census of 1954, in the calendar year; all other censuses, in the calendar year preceding the census. 2 Total acreage of crops for which 

excluded as most of this acreage was probably duplicated in the acreage of corn harvested for grain. 3 10 to 49 acres, 
cropland used only for pasture, and other pasture not fully comparable for the various census years because of differ- 
ences in definition of cropland used only for pasture. See text. 



figures are available, except that corn cut for forage was c 
A 50 to 99 acres. *100 to 259 acres. 6 Total cropland, 



10 



STATISTICS FOR THE STATE 



State Table 3.-FARMS AND LAND IN FARMS, BY COLOR AND TENURE OF OPERATOR: 

[Data In italics are based on reports for only a sample of farms. See text] 



CENSUSES OF 1920 TO 1954 



(For definitions and explanations, see text) 



Census of — 



1954 
(November) 



1950 
(April 1) 



1945 
(January 1) 



1940 
(April 1) 



1935 
(January 1) 



1930 
(April 1) 



1925 
(January 1) 



1920 
(January 1) 



ALL FARM OPERATORS 

All fan .aerator. number. 

Full owners number. 

Part owners number. 

Managers number. 

an tenants number. 

Proportion of tenancy percent. 

Cash tenants number. 

Share-cash tenants. number. 

Share tenants ................................. number . 

Croppers number. 

Other and unspecified tenants number. 

All lad in fan* acres. 

Full owners acres. 

Part owners acres. 

Managers acres. 

an tenants acres. 

Cash tenants acres. 

Share-cash tenants • acres. 

Share tenants acres. 

Croppers seres. 

Other and unspecified tenants acres. 

All creplaod harvested acres. 

Full owners acres. 

Part owners acres. 

Managers acres. 

All tenants acres. 

Cash tenants acres. 

Share-cash tenants acres. 

Share tenants acres . 

Croppers acres. 

Other and unspecified tenants acres. 

Can barreated for grain acres. 

Full owners acres. 

Part owners acres. 

Managers acres . 

All tenants acres. 

Cash tenants acres. 

Share-cash tenants acres. 

Sharo tenants acres. 

Croppers acres. 

Other and unspecified tenants acres. 

ALL WHITE FARM 0PERATOBS 

All white far* eper.tor. number. 

Full owners number. 

Part owners number. 

Managers number. 

An tenants ...................................... number . 

Proportion of tenancy percent. 

Cash tenants. ................................ .number. 

Share— cash tenants. .......................... .number. 

Share tenants number. 

Croppers number. 

Other and unspecified tenants........ .........number. 

All lead i. far/as acres. 

Full owners acres. 

Part owners acres. 

Managers acres. 

All tenants. .acres. 

Cash tenants acres. 

Share-cash tenants acres. 

Share tenants acres. 

Croppers acres . 

Other and unspecified tenants acres. 

All croplaad harveated acres . 

Full owners acres. 

Part owners acres. 

Managers acres. 

All tenants. acres. 

Cash tenants acres. 

Share-cash tenants acres. 

Share tenants acres. 

Croppers. . .................................... .acres. 

Other and unspecified tenants acres. 



6.291 

4,237 

1.132 

79 

843 
13. i 

131 

31 

415 

46 

220 

313.150 

422.805 

214.460 

51.487 

124.398 
14.140 

4.720 
78.362 

4.891 
22.285 

410.503 
193.879 
128.920 
17.693 

70.011 
6.520 
3.021 

44.308 
2.965 

13.197 

163.254 

81.826 

50.604 

5.824 

25,000 
1.690 
1.360 

15.930 
1.540 
4.480 



6.079 

4,091 

1.092 

79 

817 

13.4 

131 
26 

399 
41 

220 

803. 150 
418.268 
211.150 

51.487 
122.245 

14.140 
4.400 

76, 534 
4.886 

22.285 

405.636 

192.232 

126. 710 

17.693 

69.001 

6.520 

2.906 

43.413 

2.965 

13.197 



7,44S 

5,194 

917 

72 

1,265 

17.0 

199 
33 

671 
73 

289 

851,291 

467,101 

158,535 

37,548 

188,107 
19,178 
5,670 
121,972 
8,990 
32,297 

389,283 

189,499 

91,575 

15,509 

92,700 
7,969 
3,082 

62,037 
4,853 

14,759 

125,039 

62.861 

29.025 

2.635 

30,518 
2.810 
640 
22. 055 
653 
4.360 



7,056 
4,915 
874 
72 
1,195 
16.9 

190 
31 

640 
62 

272 

830, 873 
457,066 
154,836 

37,548 
181,423 

18,048 

5,552 

118,533 

8,253 

31,037 

381,678 

186,262 

89,700 

15,509 

90,207 

7,850 

3,044 

60,589 

4,452 

14,272 



9,296 

6,527 

629 

205 

1,935 
20.8 

369 

10 

1,138 

104 

314 

923,350 
511,157 
93,624 
54,688 

263,881 

27,629 

1,296 

189,189 
12,689 
33,078 

416,162 

221,660 

52,144 

23, 756 

118,602 
10,235 
764 
86,984 
6,534 
14,085 

136.679 

74.961 

19.404 

3.764 

38.550 
3.214 

30.664 
2,272 
2.400 



8,605 
6,113 
579 
195 
1,718 
20.0 

302 

10 

1,055 

75 

276 

887,711 
496,273 

90,122 

53,655 
247,661 

25,859 

1,296 

180,546 

9,900 

30,060 

401,577 

215,445 

50,498 

23,242 

112,392 

9,634 

764 

83,522 

5,226 

13,246 



8,994 

5,401 

555 

109 

2,929 
32.6 

523 

24 

1,736 

225 

421 

895,507 
438,400 
77,973 
24, 539 

354,595 
37,325 
2,393 

251,305 
22,105 
41,467 

378,448 

174,640 

36,798 

13,309 

153,701 

12,228 

915 

115,154 

9,853 

15,551 

134,850 

(NA) 

(NA) 

(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 



8,369 
5,100 
511 
101 
2,657 
31.7 

473 

20 

1,597 

176 

391 



10,381 

6,164 

451 

156 

3,61C 
34.8 

(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
275 
(«*) 

921,251 

437,872 

43,256 

32,014 

408, 109 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
28,496 
(•») 

388,722 

179,512 

23,993 

16,651 

168, 566 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
11,061 
<«•) 

136,052 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 



9,554 
5,793 
424 
143 
3,194 
33.4 

(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
204 
(«*) 



858,641 


870,675 


427,620 


425,639 


75,410 


42,240 


24,058 


30,416 


331,553 

34, 574 

2,081 

236, 946 


372,380 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 


18,505 


21,536 


39,447 


(•») 


363,687 


370,600 


170,377 


174,826 


35,613 


23,469 


12,992 


15,727 


144, 705 

11,638 

806 

109,204 


156, 578 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 


8,235 


8,802 


14,822 


(•») 



9,707 

5,816 

444 

165 

3,282 
33.8 

494 
(NA) 
(NA) 

225 
(-) 

900, 815 

442,111 

38,374 

29,466 

390, 864 

34,659 

(NA) 

(NA) 

20,934 

(««) 

407,609 
192,350 
21,459 
15,541 

178,259 

12,256 

(NA) 

(NA) 

9,983 

(«) 

129,283 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 



8,900 
5,507 
380 
146 
2,867 
32.2 

440 
(NA) 
(NA) 
165 
(*») 

846.059 

431,061 

35,643 

26, 122 

353,233 

32,256 

(NA) 

(NA) 

16,489 

(«•) 

385,784 

187, 837 

19,933 

14, 364 

163,650 

11,525 

(NA) 

(NA) 

7,699 



10,257 

6,319 

196 

74 

3,668 
35.8 

441 
(NA) 
(NA) 

141 
<**) 

899,641 

451,705 

13,624 

16,266 

418,046 

27,889 

(NA) 

(NA) 

11,694 

(«•) 

404,209 

190,015 

7,589 

8,114 

198,491 

11,014 

(NA) 

(NA) 

5,939 

(«) 

133,182 

67,617 

1,361 

64,204 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 



9,426 
5,985 
168 
64 
3,209 
34.0 

402 

(NA) 

(NA) 

80 

849,253 

440,450 

12,819 

15,190 

380,794 

26,763 

(NA) 

(NA) 

7,806 

(NA) 

381,956 

185,245 

7,033 

7,449 

182,229 

10,670 

(NA) 

(NA) 

3,951 

(NA) 



See footnotes at end of table. 



DELAWARE 



11 



State Table 3.-FARMS AND LAND IN FARMS, BY COLOR AND TENURE OF OPERATOR: CENSUSES OF 1920 TO 1954-Continued 

[Data In italics are based on reports for only a senile of farms. See text] 



(For definitions and explanations, see text) 



ALL WHITE FARM OPERATORS— Continued 

Com harveataa' for grain, acres... 

Full owners acres.. . 

Part owners acres. . . 

Managers acres. . . 

All tenants acres. . . 

Cash tenants acres... 

Share-cash tenants acres. . . 

Share tenants acres. . . 

Croppers acres. . , 

Other and unspecified tenants acres... 

ALL NONVHTTE FARM OPERATORS 

All noarhile faro operators number... 

Full owners number. . . 

Part owners number... 

Managers .number. .. 

All tenants number. . . 

Proportion of tenancy percent. . . 

Cpsh tenants number. . . 

Share-cash tenants number... 

Share tenants number. . . 

Croppers number... 

Other and unspecified tenants number... 

All load ia fan* acres... 

Full owners acres... 

Part owners acres... 

Managers acres. .. 

All tenants acres. . . 

Cash tenants acres. . . 

Share-cash tenants acres... 

Share tenants acres... 

Croppers acres.. . 

Other and unspecified tenants acres... 

All croalaad harveated acres... 

Full owners acres... 

Part owners acres... 

Managers acres... 

All tenants acres... 

Cash tenants acres... 

Share-cash tenants acres. . . 

Share tenants acres... 

Croppers acres . . . 

Other and unspecified tenants .acres... 

Cora harreated far graio acres... 

Full owners acres. . . 

Part owners acres... 

Managers acres... 

All tenants acres... 

Cash tenants acres. . . 

Share-cash tenants. acres. . . 

Share tenants acres... 

Croppers acres... 

Other and unspecified tenants acres... 



1954 

(November ) 



161.364 
SO, 931 



5.824 

24.605 
1.610 
1.300 

15.535 
1.540 
4.480 



212 
146 



26 
12.3 



10.000 
4.53? 
3.310 



320 

1.823 

5 



4,867 
1.647 
2,210 



115 

895 



1.890 
895 
600 



60 
335 



1950 
(April 1) 



121.284 
61.356 
28.095 
2.635 

29.198 

2,755 

640 

20,975 

603 

4,225 



392 
279 



70 
17.9 

9 

2 

31 

11 
17 

20,418 
10,035 
3,699 

6,684 
1,130 

118 
3,439 

737 
1,260 

7,605 
3,237 
1,875 

2,493 
119 
38 

1,448 
401 
487 

j. 755 

1.505 

930 



1,320 
55 

1.080 

50 

135 



1945 

(January 1) 



134.313 
73.751 
19.404 
3.760 

37. 398 
2,782 

29.944 
2,272 
2.400 



691 

414 

50 

10 

217 
31.4 



83 
29 
38 

35,639 

14,884 

3,502 

1,033 

16,220 
1,770 

8,643 
2,789 
3,018 

14,585 
6,215 
1,646 

514 

6,210 
601 

3,462 

1,308 

839 

2.366 
1.210 



1.152 
432 



1940 
(April 1) 



(NA) 
(MA) 
(HA) 
(KA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 



625 
301 



272 
43.5 



2,563 

481 

23,042 

2,751 

312 

14,359 
3,600 
2,020 

14, 761 
4,263 
1,185 

317 

8,996 

590 

109 

5,950 

1,618 

729 

(NO 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 



1935 

(January 1) 



(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 



371 
27 
13 

416 
50.3 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 



**) 



50,576 

12,233 

1,016 

1,598 

35,729 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
6,960 
(«•) 

18,122 

4,686 

524 

924 

11,988 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
2,259 
(«•) 

(NA) 

(NA) 

(NA) 

(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 



1930 
(April 1) 



(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 



19 

415 
51.4 
54 
(NA) 
(NA) 
60 
(«*) 

54,756 
11,050 
2,731 
3,344 

37,631 

2,403 

(NA) 

(NA) 

4,445 

(«) 

21,825 

4,513 

1,526 

1,177 

14,609 
731 
(NA) 
(NA) 

2,224 
'(■») 

(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 



1925 

(January 1) 



(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 

(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 



10 

459 
55.2 

39 
(NA) 
(NA) 

61 
(«*) 

50,388 

11,255 

805 

1,076 

37,252 

1,}26 

(NA) 

(NA) 

(NA) 

22, 253 

4,770 
556 
665 

16,262 
344 
(NA) 
(NA) 
1,988 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 



1920 
(January 1) 



(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 



872 

305 

50 

13 

504 
57.8 

38 
2 

358 
74 
32 

54,888 
10,689 
1,823 
1,294 

41,082 

1,368 

39 

31,859 
5,582 
2,234 

(NA) 

(NA) 

(NA) 

(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
INA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 



•""Available data not comparable. NA Not available. *Total acreage of crops for which figures are available, except that corn cut for forage was excluded as Boat of this 

acreage was probably duplicated in the acreage of corn harvested for grain. 



12 



STATISTICS FOR THE STATE 



State Table 4-FARMS AND FARM CHARACTERISTICS, 

[Data are based on reports for only 



(For definitions and explanations, see text) 



FARMS, ACREAGE, AND VALUE 
Fans number. 

Land owned by farm operators..... farms reporting. 

acres. 
Land rented from others by farm operators. .. .farms reporting. 

acres. 
Land managed by farm operators farms reporting. 

acres. 
Land rented to others by farm operators farms reporting. 

acres. 

Luii'f in laraa acres . 

Average size of farm.. acres. 

Value of land and building*: 

Average per farm dollars. 

Average per acre dollars. 

Proportion of farms reporting value percent. 

Proportion of land in farms for which 
value was reported percent. 

Land in fnras according to use: 

Cropland harvested farms reporting. 

acres. 

1 to 9 acres farms reporting. 

10 to 19 acres farms reporting. 

20 to 29 acres farms reporting. 

30 to 49 acres farms reporting. 

50 to 99 acres farms reporting. 

100 to 199 acres farms reporting. 

200 to 499 acres farms reporting. 

500 acres and over farms reporting. 

Cropland used only for pasture farms reporting. 

acres. 

Cropland not harvested and not pastured... farms reporting. 

acres. 
Cropland used only for crops not 

harvested and not pastured farms reporting. 

acres. 

Cropland lying idle farms reporting. 

acres. 

Woodland pastured farms reporting. 

acres. 

Woodland not pastured farms reporting. 

acres. 
Other pasture (not cropland and not 
woodland) ............................... .farms reporting. 

acres. 
Other land (house lots, roads, 

wasteland, etc.) farms reporting.. 

acres. . 

Cropland, total.. ....................... ..farms reporting., 

acres. 

Land pastured, total .............farms reporting., 

acres.. 

Woodland, total farms reporting.. 

acres. , 

FARM OPERATORS 

Residing on farm operated operators reporting., 

Not residing on farm operated operators reporting.. 

With other income of family exceeding 
value of agricultural products sold operators reporting.. 

Oil- turn work: 

Working off their farms, total operators reporting., 

1 to 99 days operators reporting.. 

100 days or more..... operators reporting., 

Not working off their farms operators reporting., 

By H': 

Under 25 years......... operators reporting.. 

25 to 34 years operators reporting., 

35 to 44 years operators reporting. . 

45 to 54 years operators reporting.. 

55 to 64 years operators reporting.. 

65 years and over operators reporting.. 

By year began operation of present furs: 

1954 operators reporting.. 

1953. operators reporting. , 

1952 operators reporting. . 

1951 operators reporting.. 

1946-1950 operators reporting. , 

1941-J.:*45 operators reporting. . 

1940 or earlier operators reporting.. 

Fara* b\ class sf wort power: 

No traotor, horses, or amies.... farms reporting., 

No tractor and only 1 horae or mule farms reporting.. 

No tractor and 2 or more horses 
and/or mules........ .....................farms reporting.. 

Tractor and horses and/or mules farms reporting.. 

Tractor and no horses or mules farms reporting.. 



All farm operators 



Total 

all 
farms 



6,291 

5,374 

567,668 

1,990 

197,423 

79 

51,4S7 

538 

23,428 

813,150 
129.3 



18,666 

152.87 
72 



5,528 

410,503 
740 
572 
628 
860 
1,492 
889 
305 
42 

2,788 
60, 596 

1,655 
36,145 

450 

9,427 

1,289 

26,718 

547 
24,032 
4,012 

191,286 

1,073 
35,374 

5,921 
55,214 

5,846 

507,244 
3,722 

120,002 
4,332 

215,318 



5,753 
373 



2,437 

633 

1,804 

3,660 



140 
744 
1,318 
1,427 
1,305 
1,239 



184 

240 

213 

336 

1,271 

1,074 

2,785 



1,282 
284 

188 
1,477 
3,060 



Tenure of operator 1 



Full 
owners 



3,157 

3,157 

399,248 

15 

295 

XXX 
XXX 

342 
17,138 

382,405 
121.1 



16,506 

138.75 

81 



2,757 

182,959 

254 

226 

377 

566 

846 

382 

89 

17 

1,410 
28,062 

765 
14,911 

219 

2,633 

582 

12,278 

296 

9,401 

2,143 

105,170 

441 
13,651 

3,020 
28,251 

2,846 
225,932 

1,810 
51,114 

2,332 
114,571 



2,900 
180 



916 

272 

644 

2,155 

47 
254 
594 
692 
720 
806 



76 

51 

81 

156 

574 

534 

1,593 



628 

123 

102 

759 

1,545 



Part 
owners 



1,032 

1,032 

141,190 

1,032 

71,150 

XXX 

XXX 

16 
1,200 

211,140 
204.6 



29,249 
135.58 

57 



1,030 

126,830 

11 

40 

56 

146 

346 

261 

151 

19 

546 
13,845 

251 
4,607 

94 

1,354 

168 

3,253 

110 

9,039 

771 

39,955 

271 
8,686 

1,006 
8,178 

1,031 

145,282 

753 

31,570 

810 

48,994 



Managers 



942 
53 



319 
161 
158 
707 



12 
120 
254 
270 
227 
127 



5 
22 

10 

40 

170 

201 

552 



28 
6 

20 
328 
650 



XXX 
XXX 
XXX 
XXX 

78 
50,215 



50,215 
643.8 



197,836 
344.42 



59 

17,377 



2 
10 
36 

6 

5 

23 
3,243 

32 
5,717 

16 
3,550 

17 
2,167 

14 

951 

57 

i3,533 

34 
5,858 

71 
3,536 

67 
26,337 

48 
10,052 

64 
14,484 



738 

5 

1,040 

738 

120,813 

XXX 
XXX 

5 
1,040 

120, 813 
163.7 



23,710 

149.38 

54 



691 

67,956 

55 

46 

20 

31 

270 

210 

5 

433 
12,570 

127 
3,595 

31 

765 

112 

2,830 

67 
3,781 

415 
17, 633 

157 
4,609 

648 
10, 669 

701 
84,121 

530 
20,960 

465 
21,414 



652 
76 



215 
90 

125 

473 



66 

188 
191 
172 



62 

66 

39 

65 

213 

122 

161 



113 

20 

15 
227 
363 



See footnotes at end of table. 



DELAWARE 

BY COLOR AND TENURE OF OPERATOR: CENSUS OF 1954 

a sang)] e of farms. See text]] 



13 



(For definitions and explanations, see text) 



All farm operators — Continued 



Tenure of operator 1 — Continued 



Tenants — Continued 



Crop-share 



Livestock-share 



Croppers 



Other and 
unspecified 



Other farms 



FaRMS, ACREAGE, AND VALUE 
Farms number. 

Land owned by farm operators farms reporting. 

acres . 
Land rented from others by farm operators. .. .farms reporting. 

acres. 
Land managed by farm operators farms reporting. 

acres. 
Land rented to others by farm operators farms reporting. 

acres. 

Land in farms...................... • acrns. 

Average size of farm acres. 

Value of land and buildings: 

Average per farm dollars. 

Average per acre dol lars . 

Proportion of farms reporting value percent. 

Proportion of land in farms for which 
value was reported percent. 

Land in farms according to use: 

Cropland harvested farms reporting. 

acres. 

1 to 9 acres farms reporting. 

10 to 19 acres farms reporting. 

20 to 29 acres farms reporting. 

30 to 49 acres farms reporting . 

50 to 99 acres farms reporting . 

100 to 199 acres farms reporting. 

200 to 499 acres farms reporting. 

500 acres and over farms reporting. 

Cropland used only for pasture farms reporting. 

acres. 

Cropland not harvested and not pastured. . .farms reporting. 

acres. 
Cropland used only for crops not 

harvested and not pastured farms reporting. 

acres. 

Cropland lying idle farms reporting. 

acres. 

Woodland pastured farms reporting. 

acres. 
Woodland not pastured farms reporting. 

acres. 
Other pasture (not cropland and not 
woodland) farms reporting. 

acres. 
Other land (house lots, roads, 
wasteland, etc.) farms reporting. 

acres. 
Cropland, total farms reporting. 

acres. 
Land pastured, total farms reporting. 

acres. 
Woodland, total farms reporting. 

acres. 

FARM OPERATORS 

Residing on farm operated operators reporting. 

Not residing on farm operated operators reporting. 

With other income of family exceeding 
value of agricultural products sold operators reporting. 

Off* farm »orlt: 

Working off their farms, total operators reporting. 

1 to 99 days operators reporting. 

100 days or more operators reporting. 

Not working off their farms... operators reporting. 

By age: 

Under 25 years operators reporting. 

25 to 34 years operators reporting. 

35 to 44 years operators reporting. 

45 to 54 years operators reporting. 

55 to 64 years operators reporting. 

65 years and over operators reporting. 

Hy year began operation of present farm: 

1954 operators reporting. 

1953 operators reporting. 

1952 operators reporting. 

1951 operators reporting. 

1946-1950 operators reporting. 

1941-1945 operators reporting. 

1940 or earlier operators reporting. 

Farms by class of mora power: 

No tractor, horses, or mules farms reporting. 

No tractor and only 1 horse or mule farms reporting. 

No tractor and 2 or more horses 

and/or mules farms reporting . 

Tractor and horses and/or mules farms reporting. 

Tractor and no horses or mules farms reporting. 



21 
4,235 

XXX 
XXX 



4,235 
201.7 



14,500 

73.79 

46 



21 
2,546 



5 
10 

1 
21 
490 

15 
95 



16 

881 



16 
223 

21 
3,131 
21 
490 
16 
881 



350 

67,077 

XXX 
XXX 



67, 077 
191.6 



20,972 

124.77 

48 



339 

38,333 



5 

16 

145 

120 

38 

242 
7,165 

42 
1,980 



635 

42 

1,345 

42 

2,416 

214 

10,297 

61 
2,080 

315 
4,806 

344 
47,478 

263 
11,661 

249 
12,713 



315 
30 



105 
60 
45 

220 

36 
87 
91 
90 
31 
15 



27 
31 
10 
30 
106 
60 
86 



31 
15 

10 
117 
177 



60 

10,210 

XXX 
XXX 



10,210 
170.2 



18,990 

108.76 

42 



55 
5,755 



30 
15 
5 

50 
1,915 

25 
295 

5 
10 

20 
285 

10 

335 

25 

885 

20 
640 

55 
385 

60 
7,965 

55 

2,890 

30 

1,220 



36 
4,571 

XXX 
XXX 



4,571 
127.0 



23,962 

173.43 

83 



25 

2,685 

5 



15 

185 

10 
715 

10 

70 

10 

645 

5 
700 

5 
150 



26 
136 

25 
3,585 

15 
885 

10 
850 



180 
21,610 

XXX 
XXX 



21,610 
120.1 



27,636 

166.90 

49 



166 

12,837 
35 
21 
5 
5 
50 
40 
10 

70 
1,750 

20 
400 



25 

15 

375 

5 

130 

100 

3,525 

56 
1,349 

145 
1,619 

166 

14,987 

121 

3,229 

100 

3,655 



140 
35 



45 
15 
30 
130 

15 
56 
47 
22 
30 
5 



14 



STATISTICS FOR THE STATE 



State Table 4.-FARMS AND FARM CHARACTERISTICS, 

[Data are based on reports for only 



(For definitions and explanations, see text) 



All farm operators 



Total 

all 
farms 



Tenure of operator 1 



Full 

owners 



Part 
owners 



Managers 



p araa number. . 

SPECIFIED FACILITIES AND EQUIPMENT 

Telephone farms reporting.. 

Electricity farms reporting. . 

Television set farms reporting.. 

Piped running water farms reporting.. 

Home freezer farms reporting.. 

Electric pig brooder farms reporting.. 

Power feed grinder farms reporting.. 

Milking machine farms reporting.. 

Grain combines farms reporting.. 

number. . 
Corn pickers farms reporting . . 

number. . 
Pick-up hay balers farms reporting.. 

number . . 
Field forage harvesters farms reporting.. 

number. , 

Motortrucks farms reporting. . 

number . . 

Tractors farms reporting.. 

number . . 
Wheel and/or crawler tractors other 

than garden farms reporting,. 

Wheel tractors other than garden farms reporting.. 

number.. 

Garden tractors farms reporting.. 

number . . 

Crawler tractors farms reporting.. 

number. . 

Automobiles farms reporting.. 

number. . 

FARM LABOR WEEK OF OCTOBER 24-30 

Fsaily and/or hired workers farms reporting.. 

persons. . 

r'ttmilj workers, including operator farms reporting., 

persons., 

Operators working 1 or more hours persons., 

Unpaid members of operator's family 

working 15 hours or more farms reporting.. 

persons. , 

Hired workers farms reporting., 

persons., 
Regular workers ( to be employed 

150 days or more) farms reporting., 

persons. , 
Seasonal workers ( to be employed 

less than 150 days) farms reporting., 

persons . , 
Regular hired workers and no 
seasonal hired workers farms reporting., 

Paras by kind of workers: 

Both family workers and hired workers farms reporting. 

Family workers only farms reporting. 

Operators only farms reporting. 

Unpaid members of operator's 

family only farms reporting. 

Hired workers only farms reporting. . 

SPECIFIED FARM EXPENDITURES IN 1954 

Specified farm expenditures farms reporting. 

Machine hire and/or hired labor farms reporting. 

dollars. 

Machine hire farms reporting . 

dollars . 

Hired labor farms reporting. 

dollars. 

Feed for livestock and poultry farms reporting. 

dollars. 

Gasoline and other petroleum fuel 

and oil farms reporting. 

dollars . 

Commercial fertilizer and fertilizing 

material farms reporting. 

dollars. 

tons. 

acres on which used. 

Lime and liming material.... farms reporting. 

dollars. 

tons. 

acres an which used. 

See footnotes at end of table. 



3,157 



5,300 
5,993 
3,785 
5,375 

3,279 

67 

587 

1,129 

1,603 

1,671 

1,784 

1,858 

693 

695 

281 

282 

3,786 
5,191 



8,904 

4,537 
4,530 
7,668 
1,042 
1,078 
110 
158 

5,198 
7,055 



5,594 

13,716 

5,385 
7,943 
5,301 

1,886 
2,642 

1,921 
5,773 

1,030 
2,810 

1,146 
2,963 



1,712 

3,673 
2,318 

65 
209 



6,276 

4,720 
8,609,945 

3,470 
829, 882 

3,523 
7,780,063 

4,898 
40,655,476 



4,885 
2,559,474 



4,884 

3,907,116 

75,080 

315,992 

1,505 

309, 107 

38,894 

48,761 



2,687 


940 


3,006 


1,007 


1,838 


664 


2,747 


951 


1,663 


698 


32 


13 


307 


164 


484 


274 


676 


508 


700 


546 


816 


590 


834 


626 


311 


173 


311 


174 


108 


102 


108 


102 


1,861 


894 


2,489 


1,355 


2,429 


983 


4,195 


2,175 


2,304 


978 


2,298 


978 


3,656 


1,971 


470 


130 


486 


140 


47 


53 


53 


64 


2,642 


931 


3,522 


1,372 



2,830 


992 


6,965 


2,798 


2,697 


960 


4,036 


1,519 


2,651 


947 


1,002 


425 


1,385 


572 


1,008 


462 


2,929 


1,279 


560 


260 


1,178 


592 


580 


280 


1,751 


687 



875 

1,822 
1,073 

35 
133 



3,157 

2,438 
3,626,502 

1,780 
445,306 

1,872 
3,181,196 

2,559 
23,831,838 



2,433 
1,241,493 



2,447 
,915,041 
35,175 
146,096 
747 
140, 722 
17,048 
21,476 



430 
530 
263 

10 
32 



1,032 
897 

1,827,220 

612 

188,368 

757 

1, 638, 852 

855 
8,216,405 



951 

719,295 



968 

1,125,855 

22,310 

94,693 

382 
99,692 
12,908 
15,685 



71 

72 


611 
717 


48 


475 


71 


625 


45 


398 


6 


16 


17 


73 


8 


342 


26 


353 


31 


354 


19 


309 


33 


315 


27 


166 


28 


166 


6 


65 


7 


65 


64 


501 


188 


616 


69 


606 


335 


1,245 


64 


590 


63 


590 


263 


1,094 


31 


• 146 


36 


146 


5 


5 


36 


5 


54 


616 


154 


887 



78 
1,005 



76 
855 



20 
104 







78 


2 


319 


656 
29 




11 


706 
78 


2 


307 


950 
61 


5 


190 


818 



163,331 



246,345 
5,466 
13,961 
29 
28,543 
3,858 
5,465 



703 
1,527 

697 

1,072 

687 

249 
385 

293 
455 

118 
154 

201 
301 



287 
410 
256 



738 
606 

709,457 
454 

130,452 
505 

579,005 

607 
3,204,365 



645 

356,520 



601 

501,165 

9,943 

49,455 

187 

29,590 

3,860 

4,330 



DELAWARE 

BY COLOR AND TENURE OF OPERATOR. CENSUS OF 1954-Continued 

a sample of farms. See text] 



15 



Item 
(For definitions and explanations, see text) 



All farm operators — Continued 



Tenure of operator 1 — Continued 



Tenants — Continued 



Crop-share 



Livestock-share 



Croppers 



Other and 
unspecified 



Other farms 



Far as ................. number. 

SPECIFIED FACILITIES AND EQUIPMENT 

Telephone farms reporting. 

Electricity farms reporting. 

Television set farms reporting. 

Piped running water farms reporting. 

Home freezer ....farms reporting. 

Electric pig brooder farms reporting. 

Power feed grinder farms reporting. 

Millcing machine farms reporting. 

Grain combines farms reporting. 

number. 
Corn pickers farms reporting. 

number . 
Pick-up hay balers farms reporting. 

number. 
Field forage harvesters farms reporting. 

number. 

Motortrucks farms reporting. 

v number. 

Tractors farms reporting. 

number. 
Wheel and/or crawler tractors other 

than garden farms reporting. 

Wheel tractors other than garden farms reporting. 

number. 

Garden tractors farms reporting. 

number. 

Crawler tractors farms reporting. 

number. 

Autoaobi Irs farms reporting. 

number. 

FARM LABOR WEEK OF OCTOBER 24-30 

Fanily and/or hired workers farms reporting. 

persons. 

Fanily workers. Including operator farms reporting. 

persons. 

Operators working 1 or more hours persons. 

Unpaid members of operator's family 

working 15 hours or more farms reporting. 

persons. 

Hired workers farms reporting. 

persons. 
Regular workers ( to be employed 

150 days or more) farms reporting. 

persons. 
Seasonal workers ( to be employed 

leBS than 150 days) farms reporting, 

persons . 
Regular hired workers and no 
seasonal hired workers farms reporting. 

Farns by kind of workers: 

Both family workers and hired workers farms reporting. 

Family workers only... farms reporting. 

Operators only farms reporting. 

Unpaid members of operator's 

family only farms reporting. 

Hired workers only farms reporting. 

SPECIFIED FARM EXPENDITURES IN 1954 

Specified farw expenditures farms reporting. 

Machine hire and/or hired labor farms reporting. 

dollars. 

Machine hire farms reporting. 

dollars. 

Hired lsbor farms reporting. 

dollars. 

Feed for livestock and poultry farms reporting. 

dollars. 

Gasoline and other petroleum fuel 

and oil farms reporting. 

dollars. 

Commercial fertilizer and fertilizing 

material farms reporting. 

dollars. 

tons. 

acres on which used. 

Lime and liming material ■ farms reporting. 

dollars. 

tons. 

acres on which used. 



21 
16 

8,975 
15 

2,900 
6 

6,075 

21 
28,445 



21 
10,85 



21 

14,520 

325 

1,901 

5 

l.l D 

110 

110 



299 
339 
220 
278 

157 

6 

47 

206 

187 
187 
178 
178 
81 
81 
20 
20 

238 
286 

294 

585 

294 

294 

520 

65 

65 



264 
355 



335 
784 

330 
564 
325 

163 
239 

132 
220 



76 
141 



127 

203 

90 



350 

303 
295,012 

248 
78,802 

242 
216,210 

289 
955,345 



304 
189,560 



294 

227,520 

4,428 

26,667 

72 

14,410 

1,605 

1,850 



5 

25 

30 
30 
20 
25 
15 
15 
15 
15 

40 
50 

50 
105 

50 

50 

100 

5 

5 



55 
140 

55 
100 

50 

20 
50 

25 
40 



60 

35 
42,875 

20 
11,175 

35 
31,700 

60 
435,265 



50 
26,615 



45 

35,775 

690 

4,125 

20 

3,590 

410 

450 



36 

fS 

36 
46 
36 

5 
10 

16 
22 



36 

21 
8,825 

10 
2,600 

21 
6,225 

31 
320,525 



26 
13,000 



25 

20,060 

370 

2,505 

5 

680 

a 

85 



149 

175 
137 
164 

115 
10 
10 
60 

75 
75 
50 
50 
30 
30 
15 
15 

111 
146 

141 
321 

135 

135 

265 

51 

51 

5 

5 

165 
275 



170 
323 

170 
226 

170 

41 
56 

68 
97 

33 
42 

45 
55 



68 
102 
76 



180 

145 

163,990 

86 

21,040 

125 

142,950 

135 
887,100 



164 
81,825 



131 
109,935 
2,082 
9,347 
55 
7,480 
1,305 
1,535 



16 



STATISTICS FOR THE STATE 



State Table 4~FARMS AND FARM CHARACTERISTICS. 

[Data are based on reports for only 



(For definitions and explanations, see text) 



All farm operators 



Total 

all 
farms 



Tenure of operator 1 



Full 
owners 



Part 
owners 



Managers 



1IVEST0CK 

Livestock on band: 

All cattle and calves farms reporting.. 

number. . 
Cows, including heifers that have 

calved farms reporting . . 

number. . 

Milk cows farms reporting . . 

number. . 

Horses and mules farms reporting.. 

number.. 

All hogs and pigs farms reporting.. 

number. . 

Chickens 4 months old and over farms reporting.. 

number.. 

Livestock aod livestock products sold io 19S4: 

Cattle and calves sold alive farms reporting.. 

number. . 

Hogs and pigs sold alive farms reporting.. 

number.. 

Chickens sold farms reporting.. 

dollars.. 

Chicken eggs sold farms reporting.. 

dozens. . 



Specified crops harvested in 1954: 

Corn for all purposes farms reporting. . 

acres. . 

Corn harvested for grain farms reporting. . 

acres. . 

bushels harvested.. 

bushela sold. . 



Wheat threshed or combined. 



farms reporting . . 

acres . . 

bushels harvested.. 

bushels sold.. 

Soybeans harvested for beana farms reporting. . 

acres. . 
bushels harvested.. 

Vegetables harvested for aale farms reporting.. 

dollars. . 

Hay cut acres. . 

tons 3 . 



6,291 



3,542 
67,495 

3,201 
37,494 

2,873 
31,829 

1,949 
3,621 

3,130 
44,452 

3,851 
764,536 



2,538 
29,745 



1,633 
51,161 



2,804 
43,224,176 



1,554 
6,290,935 



4,989 
173,311 

4,948 

163,254 

6,118,233 

3,613,401 

1,468 

33,298 

813,050 

725,715 

2,672 

79,829 

1,430,985 

1,366 
4,211,588 

55,178 
70,603 



1,664 
30,607 

1,549 
16,958 

1,382 
14,171 

984 
2,074 

1,501 
18,578 

1,925 
365,326 



1,284 
13,942 

788 
18,952 

1,781 
24,568,597 

936 

2,625,400 



2,507 
79,736 

2,496 

76,296 

2,867,290 

1,756,865 

688 

13,588 

346,755 

307,680 

1,391 
33,112 
614,515 

694 
1,830,504 

24,470 
31,452 



1,032 



761 
16,931 

713 
9,648 

653 
8,609 

354 
635 

707 
17,564 

657 
94,725 



580 
7,431 

425 
24,616 

524 
1,456,379 

277 
507,370 



978 
53,696 

973 
49,319 

1,885,033 
1,218,091 

299 

6,824 

169,290 

151,297 

677 

33,041 

577,610 

332 
1,574,425 

13,588 
16,740 



41 
3,758 

38 

1,340 

32 

442 

13 
59 

22 

411 

30 
219,380 



40 
1,628 



17 
447 



39 
7,436,765 



14 
2,905,735 



38 
5,645 

38 
5,724 

275,215 
60,410 

27 

689 

18,948 

15,388 

5 

755 

18,550 



2,610 
4,035 



565 

13,746 

530 
8,671 

505 
7,995 

262 
393 

409 
4,938 

434 
45,245 



473 
6,059 



212 
4,716 



285 
2,744,995 



147 
195,015 



660 
25,802 

660 
23,845 
885,915 
473,385 

394 

11,837 

271,252 

245,020 

318 

9,888 

183,425 

207 
406,719 

12,502 
16,156 



65 
1,240 

55 
680 

55 
650 

25 
30 

35 
305 

50 
2,810 



50 
545 



20 
315 



51 
512,795 



15 
30,720 



1,845 

80 

1,330 

66,350 

19,910 

30 

630 

13,465 

12,065 

25 

375 
8,305 

45 
46,700 



580 
750 



1 Data are given by tenure of operator for commercial farma only. 



Excludes farms reporting commercial fertilizer and lime. 3 Excludes grass silage. 



DELAWARE 

BY COLOR AND TENURE OF OPERATOR. CENSUS OF 1954-Continued 

a sanrole of farms. See text] 



17 



(For definitions and explanations, see text) 



All farm operators — Continued 



Tenure of operator 1 — Continued 



Tenants — Continued 



Livestock-share 



Croppers 



Other and 
unspecified 



Other farms 



Far a s number . . 

LIVESTOCK 

Livestock on band: 

All cattle and calves farms reporting.. 

number.. 
Cows, including heifers that have 

calved farms reporting.. 

number. . 

Mil}: cows farms reporting.. 

number.. 

Horses and mules farms reporting.. 

number. . 

All hogs and pigs farms reporting.. 

number.. 

Chickens 4 months old and over farms reporting.. 

number.. 

Livestock aod livestock products sold in 1954: 

Cattle and calves sold alive farms reporting.. 

number.. 

Hogs and pigs sold alive farms reporting.. 

number. . 

Chickens sold farms reporting.. 

dollars.. 

Chicken eggs sold farms reporting.. 

dozens.. 

CROPS 

Specified crops harvested in 19S4: 

Corn for all purposes farms reporting.. 

acres.. 

Corn harvested for grain farms reporting.. 

acres. . 

bushels harvested . . 

bushels sold . . 

Wheat threshed or combined farms reporting.. 

acres.. 

bushels harvested.. 

bushels sold. . 

Soybeans harvested for beans farms reporting.. 

acres. . 
bushels harvested.. 

Vegetables harvested for sale farms reporting.. 

dollars. . 

Hay cut acres.. 

tons 3 . 



16 
591 

16 
353 

16 
308 

10 
10 

6 
23 

16 
1,350 



16 

175 



10 
11,620 



21 
1,080 

21 

1,025 

41,210 

21,000 

16 
481 

10, 752 
9,650 

11 

215 

3,155 

11 
4,479 



495 
665 



294 
7,530 

284 
4,848 

269 
4,642 

142 
213 

217 
3,093 

208 
16,865 



257 
3,429 



117 
2,556 



123 
781,220 



72 

58,800 



324 
14,712 

324 

13,840 

502,210 

280,225 

223 

7,466 

184,935 

168,580 

192 
5,813 

115,815 

100 
269,925 

7,110 
8,581 



55 
1,905 

55 

1,325 

50 

970 

25 
45 

45 
700 

45 
2,335 



45 
690 



25 
920 



15 
398,375 



15 
2,625 



55 
2,160 

55 

1,980 
79,215 
42,125 

35 

1,065 

15,910 

14,105 

20 

1,400 

22,800 

5 
8,125 

1,335 
2,485 



15 
55 

15 
20 

10 

15 

5 
10 

20 
85 

20 

770 



16 

253,040 



25 
1,405 

25 

1,405 

43,475 

39,850 

10 

225 

4,500 

4,500 

10 

550 

10,700 



130 
100 



120 
2,425 

105 
1,445 

105 
1,410 

55 

85 

86 
732 

95 
21,115 



105 
1,220 



45 
915 



70 
787,945 



45 
102,870 



155 
4,600 

155 
4,265 

153,455 
70,275 

80 

1,970 

41,690 

36,120 

60 

1,535 

22,650 

46 

77,490 

2,852 
3,575 



511 
2,453 

371 
877 
301 
612 

336 

460 

491 
2,961 

805 
39,860 



161 
685 



191 
2,430 



175 

17,440 



180 
57,415 



806 
8,232 

781 

8,070 

204,780 

104,650 

60 

360 

6,805 

6,330 

281 

3,033 

36, 885 

126 
27,440 

2,008 

2,220 



18 



STATISTICS FOR THE STATE 



State Table 4-FARMS AND FARM CHARACTERISTICS, 

[Data are based on reports for only 



(For definitions and explanations, see text) 



FARMS, ACREAGE, AND VALUE 
f mrma number. . 

Land owned by farm operators farms reporting.. 

acres.. 
Land rented from others by farm operators. ...farms reporting.. 

acres. . 
Land managed by farm operators farms reporting.. 

acres. . 
Land rented to others by farm operators farms reporting.. 

acres.. 

Lund in farma acres.. 

Average size of farm acres . . 

Value of land and buildings: 

Average per farm dollars. . 

Average per acre dollars . . 

Proportion of farms reporting value percent.. 

Proportion of land In farms for which 
value was reported percent. , 

Land in farns according to use: 

Cropland harvested farms reporting. . 

acres.. 

1 to 9 acres farms reporting., 

10 to 19 acres farms reporting., 

20 to 29 acres farms reporting.. 

30 to 49 acres farms reporting., 

50 to 99 acres farms reporting., 

100 to 199 acres farms reporting., 

200 to 499 acres farms reporting., 

500 acres and over farms reporting., 

Cropland used only for pasture farms reporting., 

acres. , 

Cropland not harvested and not pastured... farms reporting. 

acres. 
Cropland used only for crops not 

harvested and not pastured farms reporting. 

acres. 

Cropland lying idle farms reporting. 

acres. 

Woodland pastured farms reporting. 

acres. 
Woodland not pastured farms reporting. 

acres. 
Other pasture (not cropland and not 
woodland) farms reporting. 

acres. 
Other land (house lots, roads, 
wasteland, etc.) farms reporting. 

acres. 

Cropland, total farms reporting. 

acres. 
Land pastured, total farms reporting. 

acres. 
Woodland, total farms reporting. 

acres. 

FARM OPERATORS 

Residing on farm operated operators reporting. 

Not residing on farm operated operators reporting. 

With other income of family exceeding 
value of agricultural products sold operators reporting. 

Off- fan TCrki 

Working off their farms, total operators reporting. 

1 to 99 days operators reporting. 

100 days or more.... operators reporting. 

Not working off their farms operators reporting. 

By •*-«: 

Under 25 years operators reporting. 

25 to 34 years operators reporting. 

35 to 44 years operators reporting. 

45 to 54 years operators reporting. 

55 to 64 years operators reporting. 

65 years and over operators reporting. 

By year began operation of preaent farm: 

1954 operators reporting. 

1953 operators reporting. 

1952 operators reporting. 

1951 operators reporting. 

1946-1950 operators reporting. 

1941-1945 operators reporting. 

1940 or earlier operators reporting. 

Faraa Bv claaa of writ power: 

No traotor, horses, or mules farms reporting. 

No traotor and only 1 horse or mule. ......farms reporting. 

No tractor and 2 or more horses 

and/or mules farms reporting. 

Tractor and horses and/or mules. farms reporting. 

Tractor and no horses or mules farms reporting. 



White operators 



Total 

all 

farms of 

white operators 



6,079 

5,188 

580,996 

1,924 

194,035 

79 

51,487 

533 

23,368 

803,150 
132.1 



19,115 

152.82 

72 



5,327 
405,636 
659 
522 
598 
835 

1,482 
889 
300 
42 

2,723 
59,766 

1,600 
35,685 

430 

9,387 

1,254 

26,298 

542 

23,882 

3,901 

189,029 

1,058 
35,289 

5,729 
53,863 

5,640 
501,087 

3,647 
118,937 

4,221 
212,911 



5,571 
363 



1,789 



2,317 



1,709 
3,568 



135 

713 
1,288 
1,381 
1,270 
1,189 



178 

240 

208 

336 

1,231 

1,014 

2,699 



1,215 
229 

173 
1,452 

3,010 



Tenure of operator 1 



Full 
owners 



3,106 

3,106 

396,626 

15 

295 

XXX 
XXX 

342 
17,138 

379,783 
122.3 



16,708 

139.03 

81 



2,706 

181,932 

243 

201 

377 

551 

846 

382 

89 

17 

1,400 
28,017 

740 
14,631 

209 
2,623 

567 
12,008 

291 
9,251 

2,107 
104,243 

436 
13,626 

2,974 

28,083 

2,795 

224,580 

1,795 

50,894 

2,296 

113,494 



2,864 
180 



906 

272 

634 

2,114 



47 
254 
579 
676 
720 
796 



76 

51 

81 

156 

564 

529 

1,567 



617 

103 

92 

754 
1,540 



Part 
owners 



1,017 

1,017 
139,500 

1,017 
70,260 

XXX 

XXX 

16 
1,200 

208,560 
205.1 



29,430 

135.67 

57 



1,015 

125,175 

11 

35 

51 

146 

346 

261 

146 

19 

541 
13,825 

251 
4,607 

94 

1,354 

168 

3,253 

110 

9,039 

761 

39,180 

271 
8,686 

991 

8,048 

1,016 

143,607 

748 

31,550 

800 

48,219 



927 
53 



319 
161 
158 
692 



12 
115 
254 
265 
227 
122 



5 
22 
10 
40 
160 
196 
552 



28 
6 

20 
323 

640 



Managers 



XXX 
XXX 

78 
50,215 



50,215 
643.8 



197,836 
344.42 

50 



59 

17,377 



2 

10 

36 

6 

5 

23 
3,243 

32 

5,717 



3,550 

17 

2,167 

14 

951 

57 

13,533 

34 
5,858 

71 
3,536 

67 
26,337 

48 
10,052 

64 
14,484 



1,040 

712 

118,660 

XXX 
XXX 

5 
1,040 

118,660 
166.7 



24,364 

149.76 

53 



671 

66,946 

55 

41 

15 

31 

260 

210 

58 

1 

413 
11,910 

122 
3,570 

31 

765 

107 

2,805 

67 

3,781 

405 

17,423 

152 
4,574 

627 
10,456 

681 
82,426 

510 
20,265 

455 
21,204 



626 

76 



205 

85 

120 

457 



61 
187 
181 
162 
91 
25 



66 
39 
65 
208 
122 
146 



102 
20 

15 
217 

358 



See footnotes at end of table. 



DELAWARE 

BY COLOR AND TENURE OF OPERATOR: CENSUS OF 1954 

a sample of farms. See text] 



19 



(For definitions and explanations, see text) 



White operators— Continued 



Tenure of operator 1 — Continued 



Tenants — Continued 



Share-cash 



Crop-share 



Livestock-share 



Croppers 



Other and 
unspecified 



Other farms 



FARMS, ACREAGE, AND VALUE 
Faras number. . 

Land owned by farm operators farms reporting.. 

acres. . 
Land rented from others by farm operators .... farms reporting.. 

acres. . 
Land managed by farm operators farms reporting . . 

acres. . 
Land rented to others by farm operators farms reporting.. 

acres. . 

Land in farms acres.. 

Average size of farm acres.. 

Value of land and buildings: 

Average per farm. dollars . , 

Average per acre dollars.. 

Proportion of farms reporting value percent., 

Proportion of land in farms for which 
value was reported percent. , 

Land in farms according to use: 

Cropland harvested farms reporting.. 

acres. . 

1 to 9 acres farms reporting., 

10 to 19 acres farms reporting., 

20 to 29 acres farms reporting. 

30 to 49 acres farms reporting. , 

50 to 99 acres farms reporting. 

100 to 199 acres farms reporting. 

200 to 499 acres farms reporting. 

500 acres and over farms reporting. 

Cropland used only for pasture farms reporting., 

acres. 

Cropland not harvested and not pastured. . .farms reporting. 

acres. 
Cropland used only for crops not 

harvested and not pastured farms reporting. 

acres. 

Cropland lying idle farms reporting. 

acres. 

Woodland pastured farms reporting. 

acres. 
Woodland not pastured farms reporting. 

acres. 
Other pasture (not cropland and not 
woodland) farms reporting. 

acres. 
Other land (house lots, roads, 
wasteland, etc . } farms reporting . 

acres. 

Cropland, total farms reporting. 

acres. 
Land pastured, total farms reporting. 

acres. 
Woodland, total farms reporting. 

acres. 

FARM OPERATORS 

Residing on farm operated operators reporting. 

Not residing on farm operated operators reporting. 

With other income of family exceeding 
value of agricultural products sold operators reporting. 

Of f - fam worL: 

Working off their farms, total operators reporting. 

1 to 99 days operators reporting. 

100 days or more operators reporting. 

Not working off their farms operators reporting. 

By age: 

Under 25 years operators reporting. 

25 to 34 years operators reporting. 

35 to 44 years operators reporting. 

45 to 54 years operators reporting. 

55 to 64 years operators reporting. 

65 years and over operators reporting. 

By year began operation of present farm: 

1954 operators reporting. 

1953 operators reporting. 

1952 operators reporting. 

1951 operators reporting . 

1946-1950 operators reporting . 

1941-1945 operators reporting. 

1940 or earlier operators reporting. 

Farns by class of work power: 

No tractor, horses, or mules farms reporting. 

No tractor and only 1 horse or mule farms reporting. 

No tractor and 2 or more horses 

and/or mules farms reporting. 

Tractor and horses and/or mules farms reporting. 

Tractor and no horses or mules farms reporting. 



16 
3,915 

XXX 
XXX 



3,915 
244.7 



14,500 

73.79 

62 



16 
2,431 



16 
485 

10 
70 



11 
706 



16 
223 

16 
2,986 

16 
485 

11 
706 



344 

66,324 

xxx 

XXX 



66,324 
192.8 



21,434 

126.34 

47 



334 
37,928 

15 

5 

16 

140 

120 
38 

237 
7,015 

42 
1,980 

6 

635 

42 

1,345 

42 

2,416 

214 

10,297 

56 
2,045 

309 
4,643 

339 
46,923 

258 
11,476 

249 
12,713 



309 
30 



105 
60 

45 

214 



26 
31 
10 
30 
106 
60 
81 



30 
15 

10 
117 
172 



50 

9,135 

xxx 

xxx 



9,135 
182.7 



22,238 

108 .74 
40 



45 
5,265 



25 
15 

5 

40 
1,410 

25 
295 

5 

10 

20 

285 

10 
335 

20 
850 

20 
640 

45 
340 

50 
6,970 

45 
2,385 

25 
1,185 



31 

4,566 

xxx 

xxx 



4,566 
147.3 



26,755 

161.56 

81 



25 

2,685 

5 



15 
5 

15 
185 

10 
715 

10 

70 

10 

645 

5 
700 

5 
150 



21 
131 

25 
3,585 

15 
885 

10 
850 



180 

21,610 

xxx 

xxx 



21,610 
120.1 



27,636 

166.90 
49 



166 

12,837 
35 
21 
5 
5 
50 
40 
10 

70 
1,750 

20 
400 

5 
25 
15 

375 

5 

130 

100 

3,525 

56 
1,349 

145 
1,619 

166 
14,987 

121 
3,229 

100 
3,655 



140 
35 



45 

15 

30 

130 



20 



STATISTICS FOR THE STATE 



State Table 4.-FARMS AND FARM CHARACTERISTICS, 

[Data are based on reports for only 



(For definitions and explanations, see text) 



Far as number. . 

SPECIFIED FACILITIES AND EQUIPMENT 

Telephone farms reporting. . 

Electricity farms reporting.. 

Television set farms reporting.. 

Piped running water farms reporting.. 

Home freezer farms reporting.. 

Electric pig brooder farms reporting.. 

Power feed grinder farms reporting.. 

Milking machine farms reporting. . 

Grain combines farms reporting.. 

number . , 
Corn pickers farms reporting . . 

number. . 
Pick-up hay balers farms reporting.. 

number.. 
Field forage harvesters farms reporting.. 

number . . 

Motortrucks farms reporting.. 

number . . 

Tractors farms reporting. . 

number. . 
Wheel and/or crawler tractors other 

than garden farms reporting. . 

Wheel tractors other than garden farms reporting., 

number . . 

Garden tractors farms reporting. . 

number.. 

Crawler tractors..... farms reporting.. 

number. . 

Autoaobiles farms reporting.. 

number. , 

FARM LABOR WEEK OF OCTOBER 2-4-30 

lu.il-, and/or hired workers. farms reporting., 

persons. 

Faaily workers, including operator farms reporting.. 

persons. . 

Operators working 1 or more hours persons.. 

Unpaid members of operator's family 

working 15 hours or more farms reporting. 

persons. 

Hired workers farms reporting. 

persons. 
Regular workers ( to be employed 

150 days or more) farms reporting. 

persons . 
Seasonal workers ( to be employed 

less than 150 days) farms reporting. 

persons . 
Regular hired workers and no 
seasonal hired workers farms reporting. 

Faras by kind of workers: 

Both family workers and hired workers farms reporting. 

Family workers only farms reporting. 

Operators only farms reporting. 

Unpaid members of operator's 

family only farms reporting. 

Hired workers only farms reporting. 

SPECIFIED FARM EXPENDITURES IN 1954 

Specified fara expenditures 2 farms reporting. 

Machine hire and/or hired labor farms reporting. 

dollars. 

Machine hire farms reporting. 

dollars. 

Hired labor farms reporting. 

dollars. 

Feed for livestock and poultry farms reporting. 

dollars. 

Gasoline and other petroleum fuel 

and oil farms reporting. 

dollars . 

Commercial fertilizer and fertilizing 

material farms reporting. 

dollars. 

tons. 

acres on which used. 

Lime and liming material...... ..farms reporting. 

dollars. 

tons. 

acres on which used. 



White operators 



Total 

all 

farms of 

white operators 



5,194 

5,817 
3,709 
5,264 

3,238 

67 

587 

1,129 

1,598 
1,666 
1,769 

1,843 
693 
695 

281 
282 

3,715 
5,108 

4,742 

8,778 

4,462 
4,455 
7,563 

1,021 

1,057 

110 

158 

5,067 
6,904 



5,417 
13,358 

5,213 

7,665 
5,129 

1,825 
2,536 

1,886 
5,693 

1,020 



1,116 
2,893 



1,682 
3,531 
2,222 

65 
204 



6,074 

4,570 
8,563,585 

3,350 
808,807 

3,433 
7,754,778 

4,761 
40,266,931 



4,784 
2,530,624 



4,734 
3,849,766 

73,901 
312,272 
1,489 
307,711 
38,794 
48,580 



Tenure of operator 1 



Full 
owners 



3,106 



2,651 


925 


2,965 


992 


1,812 


659 


2,711 


941 


1,6*7 


693 


32 


13 


307 


164 


484 


274 


676 


503 


700 


541 


816 


585 


834 


621 


311 


173 


311 


174 


108 


102 


108 


102 


1,845 


879 


2,471 


1,330 


2,418 


968 


4,184 


2,145 


2,294 


963 


2,288 


963 


3,646 


1,941 


469 


130 


485 


140 


47 


53 


53 


64 


2,611 


916 


3,491 


1,357 



865 
1,791 



3,106 

2,393 
3,612,012 

1,745 
435,981 

1,842 
3,176,031 

2,523 

23,550,838 



2,422 
1,239,193 



2,407 
1,909,711 
35,077 
145,486 
736 
140,401 
17,023 
21,395 



Part 
owners 



2,784 


977 


6,899 


2,758 


2,656 


945 


3,990 


1,494 


2,610 


932 


997 


415 


1,380 


562 


993 


457 


2,909 


1,264 


555 


260 


1,173 


592 


565 


275 


1,736 


672 



425 
520 
258 

10 
32 



1,017 

882 

1,813,370 

602 

186,518 

747 

1,626,852 

845 
8,215,655 



936 

711,570 



953 

1,086,555 

21,525 

93,098 

382 
99,692 
12,908 
15,685 



26 

31 
19 
33 
27 
28 
6 
7 

64 
188 

69 
335 

64 
63 
263 
31 
36 
5 
36 

54 
154 



78 
1,005 



77 
959 



76 

855 



20 
104 



78 

78 
2,319,656 

29 
11,706 

78 
2,307,950 

61 
5,190,818 



70 
163,331 



47 

246,345 

5,466 

13,961 

29 

28,543 

3,858 

5,465 



611 
692 
465 
615 

398 
16 
73 

342 

353 
354 
304 
310 
166 
166 
65 
65 

491 
606 

591 
1,225 

575 
575 
1,074 
146 
146 
5 



596 

852 



677 
1,470 

671 

1,020 

661 

238 
359 

288 
450 

118 
154 



196 
296 



282 
389 
241 



712 

591 
707,852 

444 
128,952 

500 
578,900 

586 
,102,740 



620 

348,025 



581 

496,920 

9,843 

48,850 

187 

29,590 

3,860 

4,330 



See footnotes at end of table. 



DELAWARE 

BY COLOK AND TENURE OF OPERATOR: CENSUS OF 1954-Continued 

a sample of farms- See text] 



21 



(For definitions and explanations, see text) 



White operators — Continued 



Tenure of operator 1 — Continued 



Tenants — Continued 



Share-cash 



Crop-share 



L Ives tock-share 



Croppers 



Other and 
unspecified 



Other farms 



Faras number., 

SPECIFIED FACILITIES AND EQUIPMENT 

Telephone farms reporting. . 

Electricity farms reporting. , 

Television set farms reporting.. 

Piped running water farms reporting. 

Home freezer farms reporting. 

Electric pig brooder farms reporting. 

Power feed grinder farms reporting. 

Milking machine farms reporting. 

Grain combines farms reporting. 

number. 
Corn pickers farms reporting. 

number . 
Pick-up hay balers farms reporting. 

number. 
Field forage harvesters farms reporting. 

number. 

Motortrucks farms reporting. 

number. 

Tractors farms reporting. 

number. 
Wheel and/or crawler tractors other 

than garden farms reporting. 

Wheel tractors other than garden farms reporting. 

number. 

Garden tractors farms reporting. 

number. 

Crawler tractors farms reporting. 

number. 

Autoaobilea farms reporting. 

number. 

FARM LABOR WEEK OF OCTOBER 24-30 

Family and/or hired workers farms reporting. 

persons. 

Faaily workers. Including operator farms reporting. 

persons. 
Operators working 1 or more hours. ............ .persons. 

Unpaid members of operator's family 

working 15 hours or more farms reporting. 

persons. 

Hired workers farms reporting. 

persons . 
Regular workers ( to be employed 

150 days or more) farms reporting. 

persons . 
Seasonal workers ( to be employed 

less than 150 days) farms reporting. 

persons . 
Regular hired workers and no 
seasonal hired workers farms reporting. 

Faras by kind of workers: 

Both family workers and hired workers farms reporting. 

Family workers only farms reporting. 

Operators only farms reporting. 

Unpaid members of operator's 

family only farms reporting. 

Hired workers only farms reporting. 

SPECIFIED FARM EXPENDITURES IN 1954 

Specified fara expeadi tures 2 farms reporting. 

Machine hire and/or hired labor farms reporting. 

dollars . 

Machine hire farms reporting. 

dollars. 

Hired labor farms reporting. 

dollars . 

Feed for livestock and poultry farms reporting. 

dollars. 

Gasoline and other petroleum fuel 

and oil farms reporting. 

dollars. 

Commercial fertilizer and fertilizing 

material farms reporting. 

dollars. 

tons. 

acres on which used. 

Lime and liming material farms reporting. 

dollars. 

tons. 

acres on which used. 



16 
11 

8,225 
10 

2,150 
6 

6,075 

16 
20,045 



16 
10,650 



16 

14,345 

320 

1,881 

5 

1,100 

110 

110 



299 
334 
215 
278 

157 

6 

47 

206 

187 
187 
173 
173 
81 
81 
20 
20 

233 
281 

289 
575 

289 
289 
510 
65 
65 



259 
335 



329 
767 

324 
547 
319 

157 
228 

132 
220 

62 
79 

76 
141 



127 

197 

90 



344 

298 
294,262 

243 
78,052 

242 
216,210 

283 

907,145 



299 
185,810 



289 

225,520 

4,388 

26,437 

72 

14,410 

1,605 

1,850 



5 
25 

30 
30 
20 
25 
15 
15 
15 
15 

35 
45 

45 
100 

45 
45 
95 

5 
5 



45 
110 

45 
75 
40 

15 
35 

20 
35 



50 

30 
42,770 

20 
11,175 

30 
31,595 

50 
390,240 



40 
24,570 



35 

33,705 

635 

3,770 

20 

3,590 

410 

450 



31 

21 
8,825 

10 
2,600 

21 
6,225 

31 
320,525 



21 
10,500 



25 

20,060 

370 

2,505 

5 

680 

85 

85 



149 
175 
137 
164 

115 

10 
10 
60 

75 
75 
50 
50 
30 
30 
15 
15 

111 
146 

141 
321 

135 

135 

265 

51 

51 

5 

5 

165 
275 



170 
323 

170 
226 
170 

41 
56 

68 
97 

33 
42 

45 
55 



68 
102 
76 



180 

145 

163,990 

86 

21,040 

125 

142,950 

135 
887,100 



164 
81,825 



131 
109,935 
2,082 
9,347 
55 
7,480 
1,305 
1,535 



^OSTC 

PC 

-1 / 



22 



STATISTICS FOR THE STATE 



State Table 4 -FARMS AND FARM CHARACTERISTICS. 

[^Data are based on reports for only 



(For definitions and explanations, see text) 



Livestock od hand: 

All cattle and calves farms reporting.. 

number.. 
Cows, including heifers that have 

calved farms reporting . . 

number. . 

Milk cows farms reporting . . 

number.. 

Horses and mules farms reporting . . 

number. . 

All hogs and pigs farms reporting. . 

number.. 

Chickens 4 months old and over farms reporting.. 

number.. 

Livestock and livestock pcoducts sold in 1954: 

Cattle and calves sold alive farms reporting.. 

number. . 

Hogs and pigs sold alive farms reporting.. 

number. . 

Chickens sold farms reporting. . 

dollars.. 

Chicken eggs sold farms reporting.. 

dozens.. 



Specified crops harvested in 1°S4: 

Corn for all purposes farms reporting . 

acres . 

Corn harvested for grain farms reporting . 

acres . 
bushels harvested, 
bushels sold . . 

Wheat threshed or combined farms reporting 

acres 
bushels harvested., 
bushels sold 

Soybeans harvested for beans farms reporting.. 

acres . . 
bushels harvested. 

Vegetables harvested for sale farms reporting.. 

dollars . 



White operators 



Total 

all 

farms of 

white operators 



Hay cut. 



.acres . 
tons 3 



6,079 



3,482 
66,995 

3, 141 
37,154 

2,823 
31,499 

1,854 
3,501 

3,019 

43,605 

3,720 
760,291 



2,513 
29,570 



1,563 
50,601 



2,757 
42,819,766 



1,529 
6,287,135 



4,814 
171,401 

4,773 

161,364 

6,053,478 

3,577,546 

1,458 

33,048 

807,400 

720,565 

2,607 

78,879 
1,418,645 

1,280 
4,065,153 

54,793 
70,243 



Tenure of operator 



Full 

owners 



3,106 



1,639 
30,527 

1,524 
16,908 

1,357 
14,121 

949 
2,024 

1,470 
18,461 

1,884 
364,236 



1,279 
13,902 



773 
18,877 



1,755 
24,228,847 



926 

2,625,200 



2,462 

79,141 

2,451 

75,721 

2,844,215 

1,737,865 



13,588 
346,755 
307,680 

1,371 

32,817 

609,990 

663 

1,818,744 

24,430 
31,422 



Part 
owners 



761 
16,931 

713 
9,648 

653 
8,609 

349 
630 

697 
17,424 

642 
94,300 



580 
7,431 

415 
24,551 

524 
,456,379 

277 
507,370 



968 
53,416 

963 

49,039 

1,873,533 

1,208,591 

299 

6,824 

169,290 

151,297 

662 
32,746 
573,360 

322 

1,448,675 

13,588 

16,740 



41 
3,758 

38 

1,340 

32 

442 

13 
59 

22 
411 

30 
219,380 



40 
1,628 



17 
447 



39 

7,436,765 



14 
2,905,735 



5 


845 




38 


5 


724 


275 


215 


60 


410 




27 




689 


18 


,948 


15 


,388 




5 




755 


18 


55 



2,610 
4,035 



550 
13,391 

515 
8,406 

490 
7,730 

252 
378 

394 
4,753 

424 
44,820 



463 
5,934 



202 
4,571 



279 
2,680,495 



147 
195,015 



640 
25,407 

640 
23,450 

871,985 
472,760 

384 

11,587 

265,602 

239,870 

313 

9,853 

183,325 

202 
404,719 

12,257 
15,881 



1,24 



650 
25 



2,810 



512,795 

15 
30,720 



80 
1,845 



1,330 
66,350 
19,910 

30 

630 

13,465 

12,065 

25 

375 
8,305 

45 
46,700 

580 
750 



1 Data are given by tenure of operator for commercial farms only. 



2 Excludes farms reporting commercial fertilizer and lime. 



^Excludes grass silage. 



DELAWARE 

BY COLOR AND TENURE OF OPERATOR: CENSUS OF 1954-Continued 

a sample of farms. See text] 



23 





as, see text) 






White operators— Continued 








Tenure of operator 1 — Continued 




Item 
(For definitions and explanatlo 


Tenants — Continued 
















Other farms 






Share-cash 


Crop-share 


Livestock-share 


Croppers 


Other and 
unspecified 




Ft. 




16 


344 


50 


31 


180 


1,166 


LIVESTOCK 






Livestock on baod: 

Cows, Including heifers that have 


number.. 


16 
591 

16 

353 

16 

308 


289 
7,370 

279 
4,758 

264 
4,552 


45 
1,710 

45 

1,150 

40 

795 


15 
55 

15 
20 
10 
15 


120 
2,425 

105 
1,445 

105 
1,410 


491 
2,388 

351 




number. . 


852 

291 




number. . 


597 






5 
5 


142 
213 


20 
35 


5 
10 


55 

85 


291 




number. . 


410 




number.. 


1 
3 


217 
3,093 


35 
535 


20 
85 


86 
732 


436 
2,556 






11 
1,225 


208 
16,865 


40 
2,035 


20 
770 


95 
21,115 


740 




number.. 


37,555 


Livestock and livestock products sold in 


1954: 


16 
175 


257 
3,429 


35 
565 




105 
1,220 


151 




number.. 


675 








117 
2,556 


15 
775 


5 
10 


45 
915 


156 




number.. 


2,155 






5 
1,120 


122 
727,220 


15 
398,375 


16 
253,040 


70 
787,945 


160 




dollars . . 


17,280 






'.'.'. 


72 
58,800 


15 
2,625 




45 
102,870 


165 




dozens.. 


53,815 


CHOPS 
















Specified crops harvested in 1954: 

Corn for all purposes 


farms reporting . . 

acres . . 


16 
1,020 


319 
14,552 


45 
1,985 


25 
1,405 


155 
4,600 


706 
7,592 




acres. . 

bushels harvested . . 

bushels sold . . 


16 
965 

38,030 
21,000 


319 

13,680 

494,710 

280,225 


45 

1,805 

75,965 

41,500 


25 

1,405 

43,475 

39,850 


155 

4,265 

153,455 

70,275 


681 

7,430 

188,530 

97,920 






16 

481 

10,752 

9,650 


218 

7,396 

183,335 

167,130 


30 

885 

11,860 

10,405 


10 

225 

4,500 

4,500 


80 

1,970 

41,690 

36,120 


60 




acres . . 

bushels harvested . . 

bushels sold. . 


360 
6,805 
6,330 






6 

180 

3,055 


192 

5,813 

115,815 


20 

1,400 

22,800 


10 

550 

10,700 


60 
1,535 

22,650 


256 




acres . . 
bushels harvested.. 


2,708 
33,420 




dollars . . 


6 
2,479 


100 
269,925 


5 
8,125 




46 
77,490 


86 
20,515 




tons 3 . 


495 

665 


6,985 
8,456 


1,215 

2,335 


130 

100 


2,852 
3,575 


1,908 
2,165 



24 



STATISTICS FOR THE STATE 



State Table 4-FARMS AND FARM CHARACTERISTICS, 

[Data are based on reports for only 



(For definitions and explanations, see text) 



FARMS, ACREAGE, AND VALUE 
Fans .............. number. 

Land owned by farm operators farms reporting, 

acres. 
Land rented from others by farm operators,.,. farms reporting. 

acres. 
Land managed by farm operators farms reporting. 

acres. 
Land rented to others by farm operators farms reporting. 

acres. 

Land in fan* acres. 

Average size of farm acres. 

Value of laod and buildinga: 

Average per farm dollars. 

Average per acre dollars. 

Proportion of farms reporting value percent. 

Proportion of land in farms for which 
value was reported percent. 

Land in faras according to use: 

Cropland harvested farms reporting. 

acres. 

1 to 9 acres farms reporting. 

10 to 19 acres farms reporting. 

20 to 29 acres .farms reporting. 

30 to 49 acres farms reporting. 

50 to 99 acres farms reporting. 

100 to 199 acres ....farms reporting. 

200 to 499 acres farms reporting. 

500 acres and over farms reporting. 

Cropland used only for pasture farms reporting. 

acres. 
Cropland not harvested and not pastured... farms reporting. 

acres. 
Cropland used only for crops not 
harvested and not pastured..... farms reporting. 

acres. 
Cropland lying idle farms reporting. 

acres. 
Woodland pastured farms reporting. 

acres. 
Woodland not pastured farms reporting. 

acres. 
Other pasture (not cropland and not 
woodland) farms reporting., 

acres. 
Other land (house lots, roads, 
wasteland, etc.) •. farms reporting.. 

acres. 
Cropland, total farms reporting., 

acres., 
Land pastured, total ........farms reporting., 

acres. , 
Woodland, total farms reporting.. 

acres. , 

FARM OPERATORS 

Residing on farm operated operators reporting.. 

Not residing on farm operated ....operators reporting.. 

With other Income of family exceeding 
value of agricultural products sold operators reporting.. 

Off- fan work: 

Working off their farms, total operators reporting.. 

1 to 99 days operators reporting.. 

100 days or more.............. operators reporting.. 

Not working off their farms operators reporting., 

By air: 

Under 25 years operators reporting.. 

25 to 34 years operators reporting.. 

35 to 44 years operators reporting. . 

45 to 54 years operators reporting.. 

55 to 64 years operators reporting.. 

65 years and over operators reporting.. 

By year began operation of preaent fara: 

1954 operators reporting. . 

1953 operators reporting. . 

1952... .operators reporting. ■ 

1951 opera tora reporting. . 

1946-1950 operators reporting. . 

1941-1945 operators reporting. . 

1940 or earlier operators reporting.. 

Farna bv claaa af aoric power: 

No traotor, horses, or muxes.............. farms reporting.. 

No tractor and only 1 horse or mule farms reporting.. 

No tractor and 2 or more horses 

and/or mules ...........farms reporting.. 

Tractor and horses and/or mules. ..farms reporting.. 

Tractor and no horses or mules...... farms reporting.. 



Nonwhite operators 



Total 

all 

farms of 

nonwhite operators 



212 

186 

6,672 

66 

3,388 



10,000 
47.2 



5,653 
158.11 



201 
4,867 
81 
50 
30 
25 
10 



65 

830 

55 
460 

20 

40 

35 

420 

5 

150 

111 

2,257 

15 
85 

192 
1,351 

206 

6,157 

75 

1,065 

111 
2,407 



182 
10 



120 
25 
95 
92 



Tenure of operator 1 



Full 
owners 



51 
2,622 



XXX 

XXX 



2,622 
51.4 



5,472 

103.92 

90 



51 

1,027 

11 

25 



L5 



10 
45 

25 
280 

10 

10 

15 

270 

5 

150 

36 

927 

5 
25 

46 
168 

51 
1,352 

15 
220 

36 
1,077 



Part 
owners 



15 

15 

1,690 

15 

890 

XXX 
XXX 



2,580 
172.0 



8,100 

103.85 

33 



15 
1,655 



10 
775 



15 
130 

15 

1,675 

5 

20 

10 

775 



Managers 



xxx 
xxx 



26 

2,153 

xxx 

xxx 



2,153 

82.8 



8,188 

126.82 

62 



20 
1,010 



20 
660 

5 

25 



10 

210 

5 
35 

21 

213 

20 
1,695 

20 
695 

10 
210 



See footnotes at end of table. 



DELAWARE 



25 



BY COLOR AND TENURE OF OPERATOR: CENSUS OF 1954 

a sample of farms. See textj 



(For definitions and explanations, see text) 



FARMS, ACREAGE, AND VALUE 
Farns number. . 

Land owned by farm operators farms reporting.. 

acres. . 
Land rented from others by farm operators .... farms reporting.. 

acres.. 
Land managed by farm operators farms reporting.. 

acres.. 
Land rented to others by farm operators farms reporting.. 

acres. . 

Land in farms acr^s.. 

Average size of farm acres . . 

Value of land and buildings: 

Average per farm dollars . . 

Average per acre dollars., 

Proportion of farms reporting value percent., 

Proportion of land in farms for which 
value was reported percent. , 

Land in farns according to use: 

Cropland harvested farms reporting., 

acres. . 

1 to 9 acres farms reporting., 

10 to 19 acres farms reporting.. 

20 to 29 acres farms reporting. , 

30 to -49 acres farms reporting., 

50 to 99 acres farms reporting., 

100 to 199 acres farms reporting. 

200 to 499 acres farms reporting. 

500 acres and over farms reporting. 

Cropland used only for pasture farms reporting.. 

acres.. 

Cropland not harvested and not pastured. . .farms reporting.. 

acres. 
Cropland used only for crops not 

harvested and not pastured farms reporting. 

acres. 

Cropland lying idle farms reporting. 

acres. 

Woodland pastured farms reporting. 

acres. 
Woodland not pastured farms reporting. 

acres. 
Other pasture (not cropland and not 
woodland) farms reporting. 

acres. 
Other land (house lots, roads, 
wasteland, etc.) farms reporting. 

acres. 

Cropland, total farms reporting. 

acres. 
Land pastured, total farms reporting. 

acres. 
Woodland, total farms reporting. 

acres. 

FARM OPERATORS 

Residing on farm operated operators reporting. 

Not residing on farm operated operators reporting. 

With other income of family exceeding 
value of agricultural products sold operators reporting. 

Off- farm work: 

Working off their farms, total operators reporting. 

1 to 99 days operators reporting. 

100 days or more operators reporting. 

Not working off their farms operators reporting. 

By age: 

Under 25 years operators reporting. 

25 to 34 years operators reporting. 

35 to 44 years operators reporting. 

45 to 54 years operators reporting. 

55 to 64 years operators reporting. 

65 years and over operators reporting. 

Uy year began operation of present fara: 

1954 operators reporting. 

1953 operators reporting. 

1952 operators reporting. 

1951 operators reporting . 

1946-1950 operators reporting. 

1941-1945 operators reporting. 

1940 or earlier operators reporting. 

Far as by claaa of work power: 

No tractor, horses, or mules farms reporting. 

No tractor and only 1 horse or mule farms reporting. 

No tractor and 2 or more horses 

and/or mules farms reporting. 

Tractor and horses and/or mules farms reporting. 

Tractor and no horses or mules farms reporting. 



Nonwhite operators — Continued 



Tenure of operator 1 — Continued 



Tenants — Continued 



Share-cash 



5 
320 



320 
64.0 



5 
115 



5 
175 



5 
145 

5 

5 

5 

175 



Crop-share 



6 
753 

XXX 
XXX 



753 
125.5 



8,500 

67.73 

100 



5 
405 



5 
150 



5 
555 

5 
185 



Livestock-share 



10 
1,075 

XXX 

XXX 



1,075 
107.5 



6,000 
109.09 

50 



10 

490 



10 

505 



10 
45 

10 
995 

10 

505 

5 

35 



Croppers 



5 

5 

XXX 

XXX 



5 
1.0 



10,000 

10,000.00 
100 



Other and 
unspecified 



26 



STATISTICS FOR THE STATE 



State Table 4.-FARMS AND FARM CHARACTERISTICS, 

[Data axe based on reports for only 



(For definitions and explanations, see text) 



Nonwhite operators 



Total 

all 

farms of 

nonwhite operators 



Tenure of operator 1 



Full 
owners 



Part 
owners 



Farts number. . 

SPECIFIED FACILITIES AND EQUIPMENT 

Telephone farms reporting . . 

Electricity farms reporting.. 

Television set farms reporting.. 

Piped running water farms reporting.. 

Home freezer farms reporting.. 

Electric pig brooder farms reporting.. 

Power feed grinder farms reporting.. 

Milking machine farms reporting.. 

Grain combines farms reporting.. 

number. . 
Corn pickers farms reporting . . 

number. . 
Pick-up hay balers farms reporting . . 

number. . 
Field forage harvesters farms reporting.. 

number . . 

Motortrucks farms reporting.. 

number . . 

Tractors farms reporting.. 

number . . 
Wheel and/or crawler tractors other 

than garden farms reporting. . 

Wheel tractors otner than garden farms reporting.. 

number.. 

Garden tractors farms reporting., 

number. . 

Crawler tractors farms reporting., 

number. . 

Autonobiles farms reporting. . 

number. . 

FARM LABOR WEEK OF OCTOBER 24-30 

Faaily and/or hired workers farms reporting., 

persons. , 

Fuily workers, including operator farms reporting., 

persons. , 

Operators working 1 or more hours persons., 

Unpaid members of operator's family 

working 15 hours or more farms reporting., 

persons . , 

Hired workers farms reporting., 

persons., 
Regular workers ( to be employed 

150 days or more) farms reporting. 

persons. 
Seasonal workers ( to be employed 

less than 150 days) farms reporting., 

persons. 
Regular hired workers and no 
seasonal hired workers farms reporting. 

Faras by kiod of workers: 

Both family workers and hired workers farms reporting. 

Family workers only farms reporting. 

Operators only farms reporting. 

Unpaid members of operator's 

family only farms reporting. 

Hired workers only farms reporting. 

SPECIFIED FARM EXPENDITURES IN 1954 

Specified far* expenditures 2 farms reporting. 

Machine hire and/or hired labor farms reporting. 

dollars. 

Machine hire farms reporting. 

dollars . 

Hired labor farms reporting. 

dollars. 

Feed for livestock and poultry farms reporting. 

dollars . 

Gasoline and other petroleum fuel 

and oil farms reporting. 

dollars. 

Commercial fertilizer and fertilizing 

material farms reporting. 

dollars. 

tons. 

acres on which used. 

Lime and liming material...... farms reporting. 

dollars. 

tons. 

acres on which used. 

See footnotes at end of table. 



106 
176 
76 
111 



75 
75 
105 

21 
21 



131 

151 



177 
358 

172 
278 
172 

61 
106 

35 
80 

10 
10 

30 

70 



30 

142 
96 



202 


51 


15 


150 
46,360 

120 
21,075 


45 

14,490 

35 

9,325 


15 

13,850 

10 

1,850 


90 

25,285 


30 
5,165 


10 
12,000 


137 
388, 545 


36 
281,000 


10 
750 


101 
28,850 


11 
2,300 


15 
7,725 


150 
57,350 
1,179 
3,720 


40 

5,330 

98 

610 


15 

39, 300 

785 

1,595 


16 

1,396 

100 

181 


11 
321 
25 

81 





26 

15 

1,605 

10 

1,500 

5 

105 



21 
101,625 



25 
8,495 



20 

4,245 

100 

605 



DELAWARE 

BY COLOR AND TENURE OF OPERATOR: CENSUS OF 1954-Continued 

a sample of farms- See text] 



27 



(For definitions and explanations, see text) 



Nonwhite operators— Continued 



Tenure of operator 1 — Continued 



Tenants — Continued 



Share-cash 



Crop-share 



Livestock-share 



Croppers 



Other and 
unspecified 



Far as number.. 

SPECIFIED FACILITIES AND EQUIPMENT 

Telephone farms reporting.. 

Electricity farms reporting.. 

Television set farms reporting.. 

Piped running water farms reporting.. 

Home freezer farms reporting.. 

Electric pig brooder farms reporting.. 

Power feed grinder farms reporting.. 

Milking machine farms reporting.. 

Grain combines farms reporting.. 

number. . 
Com pickers farms reporting.. 

number . . 
Pick-up hay balers farms reporting.. 

number. . 
Field forage harvesters farms reporting.. 

number . . 

Motortrucks farms reporting.. 

number . . 

Tractors farms reporting.. 

number., 
Wheel and/or crawler tractors other 

than garden farms reporting.. 

Wheel tractors other than garden farms reporting., 

number. . 

Garden tractors farms reporting. , 

number . . 

Crawler tractors farms reporting., 

number.. 

Automobiles farms reporting. , 

number., 

FARM LABOR WEEK OF OCTOBER 24-30 

Faaily and/or hired workers farms reporting. 

persons. , 

Family workers, including operator farms reporting. 

persons. 

Operators working 1 or more hours persons. 

Unpaid members of operator's family 

working 15 hours or more farms reporting. 

persons. 

Hired workers farms reporting. 

persons. 
Regular workers ( to be employed 

150 days or more) farms reporting. 

persons . 
Seasonal workers ( to be employed 

leas than 150 days) farms reporting. 

persons. 
Regular hired workers and no 
seasonal hired workers farms reporting. 

(-"arms by kind of workers: 

Both family workers and hired workers farms reporting. 

Family workers only farms reporting. 

Operators only farms reporting. 

Unpaid members of operator's 

family only farms reporting. 

Hired workers only farms reporting. 

SPECIFIED FARM EXPENDITURES IN 1954 

Specified farm expenditures 2 farms reporting. 

Machine hire and/or hired labor farms reporting. 

dollars. 

Machine hire farms reporting. 

dollars. 

Hired labor farms reporting. 

dollars. 

Feed for livestock and poultry farms reporting. 

dollars. 

Gasoline and other petroleum fuel 

and oil farms reporting. 

dollars. 

Commercial fertilizer and fertilizing 

material farms reporting. 

dollars. 

tons. 

acres on which used. 

Lime and liming material farms reporting. 

dollars. 

tons. 

acres on which used. 



5 

5 

750 

5 

750 



5 

;,400 



5 
200 



5 

175 

5 

20 



5 
750 

5 
750 



6 
48.200 



5 
3,750 



5 

2,000 

40 

230 



10 

5 

105 



10 
45,025 



10 
2,045 



10 

2,070 

55 

355 



5 

2,500 



28 



STATISTICS FOR THE STATE 



State Table 4-FARMS AND FARM CHARACTERISTICS. 

[Data are based on reports for only 



(For definitions and explanations, see text) 



Nonwhite operators 



Total 

all 

farms of 

nonwhite operators 



Tenure of operator 1 



Full 
owners 



Part 
owners 



LIVESTOCK 

Livestock on hand: 

All cattle and calves farms reporting.. 

number. . 
Cows, including heifers that have 

calved.. farms reporting.. 

number.. 

Milk cows farms reporting . . 

number. . 

Horses and mules .................... ...... farms reporting . . 

number. . 

All hogs and pigs farms reporting.. 

number.. 

Chickens 4 months old and over farms reporting.. 

number.. 

Livestock and livestock products sold in 1954: 

Cattle and calves sold alive farms reporting.. 

number. . 

Hogs and pigs sold alive farms reporting.. 

number . . 

Chickens sold farms reporting . . 

dollars. . 

Chicken eggs sold farms reporting.. 

dozens. . 



Specified crops harvested in 1954: 

Corn for all purposes farms reporting. . 

acres. . 

Corn harvested for grain farms reporting.. 

acres . . 

bushels harvested., 
bushels sold.. 

Wheat threshed or combined farms reporting.. 

acres. . 

bushels harvested.. 

bushels sold.. 

Soybeans harvested for beans farms reporting.. 

acres., 
bushels harvested.. 

Vegetables harvested for sale farms reporting.. 

dollars. . 

Hay cut acres.. 

tons 3 . 



60 
500 

60 

340 

50 

330 

95 
120 

111 
847 

131 
4,245 



25 

175 



70 

560 



47 
404,410 



25 

3,800 



175 

1,910 

175 

1,890 

64,755 

35,855 

10 

250 

5,650 

5,150 

65 

950 

12,340 

86 
146,435 



385 
360 



25 
80 

25 
50 
25 
50 

35 
50 

31 

117 

41 
1,090 



26 
339,750 



10 
200 



45 
595 

45 

575 

23,075 

19,000 



20 

295 

4,525 

31 
11,760 



10 
140 



15 
425 



10 
280 

10 
280 

11,500 

9,500 



15 

295 

4,250 

10 

125,750 



15 
355 

15 
265 

15 
265 

10 

15 

15 
185 

10 
425 



10 

125 



10 
145 



6 
64,500 



20 
395 

20 

395 

13,930 

625 

10 

250 

5,650 

5,150 

5 

35 

100 

5 

2,000 



245 
275 



L Data are given by tenure of operator for commercial farms only 



^Excludes farms reporting commercial fertilizer and lime. 



3 Excludes grass silage. 



DELAWARE 

BY COLOR AND TENURE OF OPERATOR: CENSUS OF 1954-Continued 

a s8"~ "'e of farms. See text] 



29 





Nonwhite operators — Continued 




Tenure of operator 1 — Continued 




Item 
(For definitions and explanations, see text) 


Tenants — Continued 
















Other farms 




Share-cash 


Crop-share 


Livestock-share 


Croppers 


Other and 
unspecified 






5 


6 


10 


5 




120 


LIVESTOCK 




Livestock on band: 

number.. 




5 
160 


10 
195 






20 

65 


Cows, including heifers that have 


... 


5 

90 

5 

90 


10 

175 
10 
175 






20 


number. . 


25 

10 


number.. 


15 




5 

5 




5 
10 






45 


number . . 


50 




5 

20 




10 
165 






55 


number. . 


405 




5 
125 




5 

300 






65 


number. . 


2,305 


Livestock and livestock products sold in 1954: 






10 
125 






10 


number. . 


10 




... 




10 
145 






35 


number . . 


275 




5 

10,500 


1 
54,000 


... 






15 


dollars.. 


160 






... 


... 






15 


dozens.. 


3,600 


CROPS 














Specified crops harvested in 1954 : 


5 

60 


5 
160 


10 
175 






100 


acres . . 


640 




5 

60 
3,180 


5 

160 

7,500 


10 

175 

3,250 

625 






100 


acres . . 

bushels harvested., 
bushels sold . . 


640 

16,250 

6,730 




... 


5 

70 

1,600 

1,450 


5 

180 

4,050 

3,700 








acres. . 

bushels harvested.. 

bushels sold . . 


::: 




5 
35 

100 


::: 


... 






25 


acres. . 
bushels harvested.. 


325 
3,465 




5 

2,000 


... 


... 






40 


dollars . . 


6,925 






125 
125 


120 
150 






100 


tons 3 . . 


55 



30 



STATISTICS FOR THE STATE 



State Table 5.-FARM OPERATORS BY COLOR, RESIDENCE, OFF-FARM WORK, AGE, AND YEARS ON PRESENT FARM- 
CENSUSES OF 1920 TO 1954 

["Data io italics are based on reports for only a sample of farms. See text] 



(For definitions and explanations , see text) 



Census of — 



1954 
(November) 



1950 
(April 1) 



1945 
(January 1) 



1940 
(April 1) 



1935 
(January 1) 



1930 
(April 1) 



1925 
(January 1) 



1920 
( January l) 



FARM OPERATORS 

By color: 

White 

Negro 

Other nonwhite 

By residence: 

Residing on farm operated operators 

Not residing on farm operated operators 

Operators not reporting residence 

By off-fara vork: 

Working off their farms, total operators 

1 to 49 days operators 

50 to 99 days operators 

100 days or more operators 

100 to 199 days operators 

200 days and over operators 

Operators not working off their farms 

Operators not reporting 

By age: 

Under 25 years operators 

25 to 34 years operators 

35 to 44 years operators 

45 to 54 years operators 

55 to 64 years operators 

65 years and over operators 

Average age 

Operators not reporting age 

Operation of present farm began-- 
19541 

September or later operators 

July and August operators 

May and June operators 

March and April operators 

January and February operators 

1953: 

November and December operators 

September and October operators 

July and August .operators 

May and June operators 

March and April operators 

January and February operators 

1952 operators 

1951 operators 

1946 to 1950 operators 

1941 to 1945 operators 

1940 and earlier operators 

Operators not reporting 

Average nuaber of years on present fam. ......... .. 



.number, 
.number, 
.number. 



reporting, 
reporting. 
.. .number. 



reporting, 
reporting, 
reporting, 
reporting, 
reporting, 
reporting. 
...number. 
. . .number. 



reporting, 
reporting, 
reporting, 
reporting, 
reporting, 
reporting. 
. ...years. 
. . .number. 



reporting, 
reporting, 
reporting, 
reporting, 
reporting. 

reporting, 
reporting, 
reporting, 
reporting, 
reporting, 
reporting, 
reporting, 
reporting, 
reporting, 
reporting, 
reporting. 
...number. 
... .years. 



6,053 

230 

14 

5,715 
379 
203 

2.i37 
413 
220 

l.SOi 
305 

1,499 

3.660 
194 

140 

1.318 
1.427 
1.305 
1.239 
51.0 
US 



11 

6 
52 
63 
52 

57 
24 

19 

34 

58 

58 

213 

336 

1.271 

1.074 

2,785 

188 

16 



7,056 
322 

70 

6,748 
337 
363 

2.667 
552 
271 

1.844 
298 

1.546 

4,379 
406 

147 

909 

1,392 

1,725 

1,534 

1.274 

50.4 

471 



XXX 
XXX 
XXX 
XXX 
XXX 

XXX 
XXX 
XXX 
XXX 
XXX 
XXX 
XXX 
XXX 
XXX 
XXX 
XXX 
XXX 

14 



8,605 
691 

8,806 

456 

34 

1,748 
195 
130 

1,423 
258 

1,165 

7,548 

184 
1,177 
1,884 
2,417 
1,969 
1,611 
50.3 
54 



XXX 
XXX 
XXX 
XXX 
XXX 

XXX 
XXX 
XXX 
XXX 
XXX 
XXX 
XXX 
XXX 
XXX 
XXX 
XXX 
XXX 

13 



,369 
625 



8,091 
342 
561 

1,940 
456 
275 

1,209 
460 
749 

5,299 

1,755 

181 
1,007 
1,679 
2,168 
1,844 
1,477 
50.5 

638 



XXX 
XXX 
XXX 
XXX 
XXX 

XXX 
XXX 
XXX 
XXX 
XXX 
XXX 
XXX 
XXX 
XXX 
XXX 
XXX 
XXX 

13 



9,554 
827 

(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 



2,159 
563 
412 

1,184 
586 
598 

7,369 
853 

(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 



XXX 
XXX 
XXX 
XXX 
XXX 

XXX 
XXX 
XXX 
XXX 
XXX 
XXX 
XXX 
XXX 
XXX 
XXX 
XXX 
XXX 

(NA) 



8,900 
807 



(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 

2,911 
989 
566 

1,356 
646 
710 

6,796 



257 
1,325 
2,257 
2,377 
1,872 
1,371 
(NA) 

248 



XXX 
XXX 
XXX 
XXX 
XXX 

XXX 

JKXX 
XXX 
XXX 
XXX 
XXX 
XXX 
XXX 
XXX 
XXX 
XXX 
XXX 

(NA) 



9,426 
831 

(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 



XXX 
XXX 
XXX 
XXX 
XXX 

XXX 

XXX 
XXX 
XXX 
XXX 
XXX 
XXX 
XXX 
XXX 
XXX 
XXX 
XXX 
(NA) 



9,268 
872 

(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 

444 
1,914 
2,365 
2,397 
1,825 
1 028 
(NA) 

167 



XXX 
XXX 
XXX 
XXX 
XXX 

XXX 
XXX 
XXX 
XXX 
XXX 
XXX 
XXX 
XXX 
XXX 
XXX 
XXX 
XXX 

(NA) 



Not available. 



State Table 6.-FARMS BY CLASS OF WORK POWER AND SPECIFIED FACILITIES AND EQUIPMENT: 

CENSUSES OF 1920 TO 1954 

[Data in italics are based on reports for only a sample of farms. See text] 



(For definitions and explanations, see text) 



1954 

(November) 



1950 
(April 1) 



1945 
(January 1) 



1940 
(April 1) 



1935 





1930 


1925 


rU 


(April 1) 


( January l) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


2,420 


(NA) 


(NA) 


'1,561 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


2,781 


(NA) 


(NA) 


2,996 


(NA) 


(NA) 


1,447 


619 


(NA) 


1,600 


694 


(NA) 


(HA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


1*2 


NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


7,498 


(NA) 


(NA) 


8,724 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(na) 


(NA) 



1920 
(January l) 



Fsras by class of work power: 

No tractor, horses, or mules farms 

No tractor and only 1 horse or mule farms 

No tractor and 2 or more horses 

and/or mules farms 

Tractor and horses and/or mules..... farms 

Tractor and no horses or mules... farms 

Specified facilities and equipaent: 

Telephone farms 

Electricity farms 

Television set farms 

Piped running water farms 

Home freezer farms 

Electric pig brooder farms 

Power feed grinder farms 

Milking machine farms 

Grain combines farms 

Corn pickers farms 

Pick-up hay balers........ farms 

Field forage harvesters farms 

Motortrucks. farms 

Tractors, including garden tractors farms 

1 tractor farms 

2 tractors farms 

3 tractors farms 

4 tractors farms 

5 or more tractors farms 

Wheel tractors other than garden , 

Garden tractors 

Crawler tractors , 

Automobiles farms 



Farms reporting automobiles and/or motortrucks. 



reporting, 
reporting. 

reporting, 
reporting, 
reporting. 

reporting, 
reporting, 
reporting, 
reporting, 
reporting, 
reporting, 
reporting, 
reporting, 
reporting. 

number . 
reporting. 

number, 
reporting. 

number, 
reporting. 

number, 
reporting. 

number, 
reporting. 

number, 
reporting, 
reporting, 
reporting, 
reporting, 
reporting. 
, . number. 
. . .number. 
...number, 
reporting. 

number. 
...number. 



1.282 
284 

188 
1.477 
3.060 

5.300 

5.993 

3,785 

5.375 

3.279 

67 

587 

1.129 

1.603 

1.671 

1.784 

1,858 

693 

695 

281 

282 

3,786 

5.191 

4,828 

8.904 

z 2.486 

2 1.380 

z 438 

*141 

2 92 

7,668 

1,078 

158 

5,198 

7.055 

5.664 



1.761 
674 

971 
2,259 
1.787 

4.990 

6.112 

(NA) 

(NA) 

'(NA? 

(NA) 

1,053 

1.082 

1,142 

643 

649 

400 

405 

(NA) 

(NA) 

3,240 

4,059 

4,046 

6,125 

z 2.510 

z 929 

2 346 

5,455 
539 
131 
5.418 
7.063 
5.418 



2.397 
775 

2.371 

3.032 

715 

3,694 
5,605 
<HA) 
4,560 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
653 
448 
4 72 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
3,110 
3,800 
3,839 
4,604 
3,293 
425 

121 

4.339 
226 
40 
7,640 
9,537 
7,640 



(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

2,216 
3,699 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
2,215 
2,567 
2,330 
2,661 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 

3 

(NA) 
6,835 
8,164 
(NA) 



(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

2,763 
'397 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
283 
304 
220 
239 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
3,693 
4.014 
(NA) 



NA Not available. 'The 1930 inquiry referred to electricity in "farmer's dwelling," and the 1920 inquiry referred to gas or electricity in "operator's dwelling,' 
2 Figures for 1954 and 1950 are for tractors other than garden tractors. 



DELAWARE 



31 



State Table 7.-FARM LABOR AND SPECIFIED FARM EXPENDITURES: CENSUSES OF 1920 TO 1954 



[Data in italics are baaed 


on reports for 


only a sample of farms. See 


text] 
















Census of — 








Item 


















(For definitiona and explanations, see text) 


1954 
(November) 


1950 
(April 1) 


1945 
(January l) 


1940 
(April 1) 


1935 

( January l) 


1930 
(April 1) 


1925 
(January l) 


1920 
(January 1) 


FARM LABOR 


















Farm workers for specified week: 1 


S.S9i 
13.716 


5,925 
12.290 


8,390 
14,456 


6,277 
12,047 


10,075 
16,231 


(NA) 
(NA) 


(NA) 
(NA) 


(NA) 


persons . . 


(NA) 




2.5 


2.1 


1.7 


1.9 


1.6 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


Family workers, including operators .... farms reporting.. 

persons. . 


5.385 
7,9i3 


5.623 
8.357 


8,299 
12,191 


5,403 
7,675 


9,810 
13,174 


(NA) 
(NA) 


(NA) 
(NA) 


(NA) 
(NA) 




5.301 


5.271 


8,1A0 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


Unpaid members of operator's family 

persons . . 


1.886 
2.642 


2.284 
3.086 


2,950 
4,051 


d 


(NA) 
(NA) 


(NA) 
(NA) 


(NA) 
(NA) 


(NA) 
(NA) 




1.921 
5.773 


1.768 
3.933 


1,105 
2,265 


2,237 
4,372 


1,898 
3,057 


(NA) 
(NA) 


(NA) 
(NA) 


(NA) 
(NA) 


persons . . 




372 
2.0i3 

3.358 


422 
1.867 

1.512 
132 


(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 


1,544 
2,516 

312 


(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 


(NA) 

(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 


(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 


(NA) 
(NA) 


Workers hired by hour or on 


(NA) 




(NA) 


Farms reporting by numhi-r of hired workers: 


l.Oii 


1.124 


716 


(NA) 


1,480 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 




422 


371 


198 


(NA) 


252 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 




221 


161 


93 


(NA) 


99 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 




156 
78 


90 
22 


75 
23 


(NA) 
(NA) 


42 
25 


(NA) 
(NA) 


(NA) 
(NA) 


(NA) 




(NA) 


Farms by kiod of workers during specified week: 


697 


1.527 


906 


2,717 


306 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 




1.712 


1.466 


1,014 


1,363 


1,633 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 








623 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


Operator, members of his family, 


512 
19 


4 79 
62 


371 
20 


(NA) 
(NA) 


(NA) 
(NA) 


(NA) 
(NA) 


(NA) 
(NA) 


(NA) 


Members of operator's family and hired workers. . .farms. . 


(NA) 




3.673 


4.157 


7,285 


4,040 


8,177 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 








4,726 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 




1.290 


1,453 


2,420 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 






290 


139 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 




209 


302 


91 


874 


265 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


SPECIFIED FARM EXPENDITURES 3 




















3.170 
829.882 


3.987 
862.550 


(NA) 
(NA) 


(NA) 
(NA) 


(NA) 
(NA) 


(NA) 
(NA) 


(NA) 
(NA) 


(NA) 


dollars.. 


(NA) 




3.523 
7.780.063 


3.840 
5.693.390 


4,983 

5,191,120 


4,462 
2,087,346 


(NA) 
(NA) 


5,285 
2,518,058 


4,426 
1,768,536 


5,394 


dollars. . 


2,052,218 




680 


800 


1,172 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 




516 


575 


780 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 




6ii 
181 


721 
54* 


1,022 
813 


(NA) 
(NA) 


(NA) 
(NA) 


(NA) 
(NA) 


(NA) 
(NA) 


(NA) 




(NA) 




637 


761 


805 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 










( (NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 






) 




(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 






\ 439 




) (NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 






J 




\ (NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 




1.898 
tO. 655. 476 


5,494 
36.988.449 


7,448 
38,316,160 


6,174 
6,419,511 


(NA) 
(NA) 


7,417 
3,684,889 


6,926 
1,935,095 


6,405 


dollars. . 


1,490,252 


Gasoline and other petroleun fuel and oil. ...farms reporting.. 

dollars . . 


4,885 

2.559,17* 


4.478 
1.820.262 


(NA) 
(NA) 


3,024 
395,390 


(NA) 
(NA) 


(NA) 
(NA) 


(NA) 
(NA) 


(NA) 
(NA) 


Connercial fertilizer and 


i.884 

3.907.116 


(NA) 
(NA) 


5,823 

1.244.708 


5,953 
791,741 


(NA) 
(NA) 


'7,525 
(NA) 


(NA) 
(NA) 


9,107 


dollars . . 


1,222,329 




1.505 
309.107 


(NA) 
(NA) 


3.184 
411.171 


2,363 

157,733 


(NA) 
(NA) 


(NA) 
(NA) 


(NA) 
(NA) 


(NA) 


dollars. . 


(NA) 



NA Not available. 

1 Ceneus of 1954, week of October 24-30; Census of 1950, week preceding enumeration; Censuses of 19-15 and 1935, first week of January; Census of 1940, last week of March. 

2 See text for differences in definition of farm workers. 
3 For Census of 1954, expenditures during calendar year 1954; 
i Caeh payments for farm labor; housework not included. For 
labor included in coat of machine hire. For 1920, the value of 
'Farms reporting tons of commercial fertilizer. 



for earlier censuses, expenditures during the preceding calendar year. 

1954, 1950, 1945, and 1940, the data do not Include expenditures for contract construction work, machine hire, and 

board furnished was included. 



32 



STATISTICS FOR THE STATE 

State Table 8.-HIRED FARM LABOR AND WAGE RATES 

' [Figures on number of workers and wage rates are for hired persons working the week of 



(For definitions and explanations, see text) 



Total 
all farms 



Economic class 



Commercial farms 



Hired workers farms reporting. 

persons. 

1 hired worker farms reporting. 

2 hired workers farms reporting. 

3 or 4 hired workers farms reporting. 

5 to 9 hired workers farms reporting. 

10 hired workers or more farms reporting. 

Regular workers (to be employed 150 days or more) farms reporting. 

persons. 

1 hired worker farms reporting. 

2 hired workers farms reporting. 

3 or 4 hired workers farms reporting. 

5 to 9 hired workers farms reporting. 

10 hired workers or more farms reporting. 

Seasonal workers (to be employed less than 150 days) farms reporting. 

persons. 

1 hired worker farms reporting. 

2 hired workers farms reporting. 

3 or 4 hired workers farms reporting. 

5 to 9 hired workers farms reporting . 

10 hired workers or more farms reporting. 

Regular hired workers and no seasonal hired workers farms reporting. 

Both regular and seasonal hired workers farms reporting . 

Seasonal hired workers and no regular hired workers farms reporting. 

Paid on a aoothly basis farms reporting. 

Undex $25 per month farms reporting. 

$25 to $34 per month farms reporting. 

$35 to $49 per month farms reporting. 

$50 to $84 per month farms reporting. 

$85 to $109 per month farms reporting. 

$110 to $129 per month farms reporting. 

$130 to $169 per month farms reporting. 

$170 to $214 per month farms reporting. 

$215 to $274 per month farms reporting. 

$275 to $324 per month farms reporting. 

$325 and over per month farms reporting. 

Paid on a weekly basis farms reporting. 

Under $3 per week farms reporting. 

$5 to $7 per week farms reporting. 

$8 to $11 per week farms reporting. 

$12 to $19 per week farms reporting, 

$20 to $24 per week farms reporting. 

$25 to $29 per week farms reporting. 

$30 to $39 per week farms reporting. 

$40 to $49 per week farms reporting. 

$50 to $59 per week farms reporting. 

$60 to $69 per week farms reporting. 

$70 to $79 per week farms reporting. 

$80 and over per week farms reporting. 

Paid on a daily basis farms reporting. 

$1 per day farms reporting. 

$2 per day farms reporting. 

$3 per day farms reporting. 

$4 per day farms reporting. 

$5 per day farms reporting. 

$6 per day farms reporting. 

$7 per day farms reporting. 

$8 per day farms reporting. 

$9 per day farms reporting. 

$10 and over per day farms reporting. 

Paid on an hourly basis farms reporting. 

Under $0.25 per hour farms reporting. 

$0.25 to $0.34 per hour farms reporting. 

$0.35 to $0.44 per hour farms reporting. 

$0.45 to $0.54 per hour farms reporting. 

$0.55 to $0.64 per hour farms reporting. 

$0.65 to $0.74 per hour farms reporting. 

$0.75 to $0.84 per hour farms reporting. 

$0.85 to $0.99 per hour farms reporting. 

$1.00 to $1.14 per hour farms reporting. 

$1.15 to $1.29 per hour farms reporting. 

$1.30 to $1.44 per hour farms reporting. 

$1.45 and over per hour farms reporting. 

Paid on a piece-work basis farms reporting. 

Expenditures for hired labor in 1954 farms reporting. 

dollars. 

$1 to $99 farms reporting. 

$100 to $199 farms reporting. 

$200 to $499 farms reporting. 

$500 to $999 farms reporting. . 

$1,000 to $2,499 farms reporting.. 

$2,500 to $4,999 farms reporting.. 

$5,000 and over farms reporting.. 

Fans with expenditures for hired labor but no hired workers reported .. .farms reporting., 

$1 to $99 farms reporting . . 

$100 to $199 farms reporting.. 

$200 to $499 farms reporting. . 

$500 to $999 .- farms reporting.. 

$1,000 to $2,499 farms reporting.. 

$2,500 to $4,999 farms reporting.. 

$5,000 and over farms reporting. . 



1,921 

5,773 

1,044 

422 

221 

156 

78 

1,030 

2,810 

666 

159 

101 

71 

33 

1,146 

2,963 

707 

203 

116 

77 

43 

775 

255 

891 

219 

5 

15 

45 

27 

6 

31 

71 

8 

5 

6 



10 

6 

36 

55 

59 

216 

157 

88 

10 

11 

13 

206 

10 

10 

15 

5 

30 

67 

38 

6 

5 

20 



21 
26 
45 

430 

41 

345 

20 

5 

5 

170 

3,523 
7,780,063 
680 
516 
644 
481 
637 
248 
317 

1,602 
525 
356 
381 
187 
107 
24 
22 



1,840 

5,622 

994 

397 

221 

151 

77 

1,014 

2,779 

651 

159 

101 

71 

32 

1,081 

2,843 

672 

178 

116 

72 

43 

759 

255 

826 

218 

5 

15 

45 

27 

6 

31 

70 

8 

5 

6 



10 

6 

36 

55 

59 

216 

157 

83 

10 

11 

13 

201 

10 

10 

15 

5 

25 

67 

38 

6 

5 

20 



16 
26 

45 
420 

41 
325 

15 



145 

3,212 
7,707,003 
475 
471 
614 
456 
632 
248 
316 

1,372 
350 
326 
366 
177 
107 
24 
22 



474 

3,007 

133 

130 

71 

78 

62 

360 

1,775 

164 

78 

41 

45 

32 

222 

1,232 

76 

57 

25 

31 

33 

252 

108 

114 

35 



6 

10 

14 

71 

102 

43 

10 

1 

8 



579 
5,115,125 



126 
86 
224 
105 
5 
31 
15 
12 
22 



581 

1,300 

331 

117 

70 

58 

5 

349 

584 

237 

56 

35 

21 

309 

716 

201 

36 

41 

26 

5 

272 

77 

232 



5 

10 
30 
172 
15 



928 
1,520,988 
80 
115 
157 
126 
251 
137 
62 



DELAWARE 



33 



BY ECONOMIC CLASS: CENSUS OF 1954 

Oct. 24-30. Data are based on reports for only a sample of farms. See text] 



(For definitions and explanations, see text) 



Economic class — Continued 



Commercial farms — Continued 



Other farms 



Residential 



Hired workers farms reporting., 

persons. . 

1 hired worker farms reporting. , 

2 hired workers farms reporting.. 

3 or 4 hired workers farms reporting. . 

5 to 9 hired workers farms reporting. . 

10 hired workers or more farms reporting. 

Regular workers (to be employed 150 days or more) farms reporting. 

persons. 

1 hired worker farms reporting. 

2 hired workers farms reporting. 

3 or 4 hired workers farms reporting. 

5 to 9 hired workers farms reporting. 

10 hired workers or more farms reporting. 

Seasonal workers (to be employed less than 150 days) farms reporting. 

persons . 

1 hired worker farms reporting. 

2 hired workers farms reporting. 

3 or 4 hired workers farms reporting. 

5 to 9 hired workers farms reporting. 

10 hired workers or more farms reporting. 

Regular hired workers and no seasonal hired workers farms reporting. 

Both regular and seasonal hired workers farms reporting. 

Seasonal hired workers and no regular hired workers farms reporting. 

Paid on a loathly basis farms reporting. 

Under $25 per month farms reporting. 

$25 to $34 per month farms reporting. 

$35 to $49 per month farms reporting. 

$50 to $84 per month farms reporting. 

$85 to $109 per month farms reporting. 

$110 to $129 per month farms reporting. 

$130 to $169 per month farms reporting. 

$170 to $214 per month farms reporting. 

$215 to $274 per month farms reporting. 

$275 to $324 per month farms reporting. 

$325 and over per month farms reporting. 

Paid on a weekly basis farms reporting. 

Under $5 per week farms reporting. 

$5 to $7 per week farms reporting. 

$8 to $11 per week farms reporting. 

$12 to $19 per week farms reporting. 

$20 to $24 per week farms reporting. 

$25 to $29 per week farms reporting. 

$30 to $39 per week farms reporting. 

$40 to $49 per week farms reporting. 

$50 to $59 per week farms reporting. 

$60 to $69 per week farms reporting. 

$70 to $79 per week farms reporting. 

$80 and over per week farms reporting. 

Paid on a daily baais farms reporting. 

$1 per day farms reporting. 

$2 per day farms reporting. 

$3 per day farms reporting. 

$4 per day farms reporting. 

$5 per day farms reporting. 

$6 per day farms reporting. 

$7 per day farms reporting. 

$8 per day farms reporting. 

$9 per day farms reporting. 

$10 and over per day farms reporting. 

Paid on an hourly basis farms reporting. 

Under $0.25 per hour farms reporting. 

$0.25 to $0.34 per hour farms reporting. 

$0.35 to $0.44 per hour farms reporting. 

$0.45 to $0.54 per hour farms reporting. 

$0.55 to $0.64 per hour farms reporting. 

$0.65 to $0.74 per hour farms reporting. 

$0.75 to $0.84 per hour farms reporting. 

$0.85 to $0.99 per hour farms reporting. 

$1.00 to $1.14 per hour farms reporting. 

$1.15 to $1.29 per hour farms reporting. 

$1.30 to $1.44 per hour farms reporting. 

$1.45 and over per hour farms reporting. 

Paid on a piece-work basis*. .....farms reporting. 

Expenditures for hired labor in 1954 farms reporting. 

dollars. 

$1 to $99 farms reporting. 

$100 to $199 farms reporting. 

$200 to $499 farms reporting. 

$500 to $999 farms reporting. 

$1,000 to $2,499 farms reporting. 

$2,500 to $4,999 farms reporting. 

$5,000 and over farms reporting. 

ram with expenditures for hired labor but no hired workers reported .. .farms reporting. 

$1 to $99 farms reporting.. 

$100 to $199 farms reporting.. 

$200 to $499 farms reporting.. 

$500 to $999 farms reporting. 

$1,000 to $2,499 farms reporting.. 

$2,500 to $4,999 farms reporting.. 

$5,000 and over farms reporting.. 



245 
350 
175 
35 
35 



130 
75 
5 
15 



170 
220 
140 
10 
20 



75 

20 

150 



20 

595 
347,930 
130 
140 
150 
100 
55 

20 

350 

105 

100 

85 

50 



110 

170 

80 

15 
10 
5 

10 
10 
10 



105 

160 

80 

10 

10 

5 

5 

5 

100 



10 



325 
74,690 

120 
95 
65 
35 
10 



215 
90 
60 
35 
30 



15 
25 

10 



15 
25 
10 



100 
13,770 
50 
15 
35 



85 

45 

■ 

25 



55 
75 
35 
20 



10 
10 
10 



45 
65 
25 

20 



10 
45 



20 

210 

30,155 

130 

35 

25 

15 

5 



155 

115 

20 

15 

5 



25 

60 

15 

5 



20 

55 

10 

5 

5 

5 

20 



1 
16 



100 

12,905 

75 

10 

5 

10 



75 

„,. 
10 



1 
30,000 



34 



STATISTICS FOR THE STATE 

State Table 9.-HIRED FARM LABOR AND WAGE RATES 

[Figures on number of workers and wage rates are for hired persons working the week of 



(For definitions and explanations, see text) 



Total 
all farms 



Tenure of operator 1 



Full 
owners 



Part 
owners 



Hi red workers farms reporting. . 

persons. . 

1 hired worker farms reporting. . 

2 hired workers farms reporting.. 

3 or 4 hired workers farms reporting.. 

5 to 9 hired workers farms reporting.. 

10 hired workers or more farms reporting. . 

Regular workers (to be employed 150 days or more) farms reporting.. 

persons. . 

1 hired worker farms reporting. . 

2 hired workers farms reporting.. 

3 or 4 hired workers farms reporting. . 

5 to 9 hired workers farms reporting. . 

10 hired workers or more farms reporting. . 

Seasonal workers (to be employed less than 150 days) farms reporting.. 

persons . . 

1 hired worker farms reporting. . 

2 hired workers farms reporting . , 

3 or 4 hired workers farms reporting. . 

5 to 9 hired workers farms reporting. . 

10 hired workers or more farms reporting. . 

Regular hired workers and no seasonal hired workers farms reporting.. 

Both regular and seasonal hired workers farms reporting.. 

Seasonal hired workers and no regular hired workers farms reporting.. 

Paid on a twnthlv basis farms reporting. 

Under $25 per month farms reporting. 

$25 to $34 per month farms reporting. 

$35 to $49 per month farms reporting. 

$50 to $34 per month farms reporting. 

$85 to $109 per month farms reporting. 

$110 to $129 per month farms reporting. 

$130 to $169 per month farms reporting. 

$170 to $214 per month farms reporting. 

$215 to $274 per month farms reporting. 

$275 to $324 per month farms reporting. 

$325 and over per month farms reporting. 

Paid on • weekly basis farms reporting. 

Under $5 per week farms reporting. 

$5 to $7 per week farms reporting. 

$8 to $11 per week farms reporting. 

$12 to $19 per week farms reporting. 

$20 to $24 per week farms reporting. 

$25 to $29 per week farms reporting. 

$30 to $39 per week farms reporting. 

$40 to $49 per week farms reporting. 

$50 to $59 per week farms reporting. 

$60 to $69 per week farms reporting. 

$70 to $79 per week farms reporting. 

$80 and over per week farms reporting. 

Paid on a daily bssia farms reporting. 

$1 per day farms reporting. 

$2 per day farms reporting. 

$3 per day farms reporting. 

$4 per day farms reporting. 

$5 per day farms reporting. 

$6 per day farms reporting. 

$7 per day farms reporting. 

$8 per day farms reporting. 

$9 per day farms reporting. 

$10 and over per day farms reporting. 

Paid on an Sourly basis farms reporting. 

Under $0.25 per hour farms reporting. 

$0.25 to $0.34 per hour farms reporting. 

$0.35 to $0.44 per hour farms reporting. 

$0.45 to $0.54 per hour farms reporting. 

$0.55 to $0.64 per hour farms reporting. 

$0.65 to $0.74 per hour farms reporting. 

$0.75 to $0.84 per hour farms reporting. 

$0.85 to $0.99 per hour farms reporting. 

$1.00 to $1.14 per hour farms reporting. 

$1.15 to $1.29 per hour farms reporting. 

$1.30 to $1,44 per hour farms reporting. 

$1.45 and over per hour farms reporting. 

Paid on a piece-work basis farms reporting. 

Expenditures for hired labor in 1954 farms reporting. 

dollars. 

$1 to $99 farms reporting. 

$100 to $199 farms reporting. 

$200 to $499 farms reporting. 

$500 to $999 farms reporting. 

$1,000 to $2,499 farms reporting. 

$2,500 to $4,999 farms reporting. 

$5,000 and over farms reporting. 

r'arws with expenditures for hired labor but no hired workers reported. . .farms reporting. 

$1 to $99 farms reporting. 

$100 to $199 farms reporting. 

$200 to $499 farms reporting. 

$500 to $999 farms reporting. 

$1,000 to $2,499 farms reporting. 

$2,500 to $4,999 farms reporting. 

$5,000 and over farms reporting. 



1,921 

5,773 

1,044 

422 

221 

156 

78 

1,030 

2,810 

666 

159 

101 

71 

33 

1,146 

2,963 

707 

203 

116 

77 

43 

775 

255 

891 

219 

5 

15 
45 
27 
6 
31 
71 
8 
5 
6 



36 

55 

59 

216 

157 



206 

10 

10 

15 

5 

30 

67 

38 

6 

5 

20 



21 
26 
45 

430 
41 

345 
20 



170 

3,523 
7,780,063 
680 
516 
644 
481 
637 
248 
317 

1,602 
525 
356 

381 

187 

107 

24 

22 



1,008 

2,929 

548 

214 

126 

77 

43 

560 

1,178 

379 

77 

63 

31 

10 

580 

1,751 

346 

110 

53 

36 

35 

428 

132 

448 

75 



21 
40 
33 
144 
98 
43 



110 

5 

5 

10 



5 
11 
17 

215 
18 

195 
10 



1,872 
3,181,196 
320 
260 
387 
264 
349 
127 
165 

864 
255 
195 
251 
110 
37 



462 

1,279 

246 

98 

49 

49 

20 

260 

592 

171 

48 

7 

26 

8 

280 

687 

169 

33 

42 

30 

6 

182 

78 

202 



11 
15 
17 
141 
22 
64 



757 

1,638,852 

70 

120 

111 

137 

176 

69 

74 

295 
50 
75 
60 
52 
40 
5 
13 



77 

959 

10 

11 

27 

15 

14 

76 

855 

15 

6 

27 

14 

14 

20 

104 

16 

1 
1 
2 
57 
19 
1 



78 
2,307,950 



293 
455 
190 
74 
19 
10 

118 

154 

86 

28 



201 
301 
141 
35 

20 
5 

92 

26 
175 



15 
132 



505 

579,005 

85 

91 

116 
55 
91 
42 
25 

212 
45 
56 
55 
15 
30 
10 



Data are given by tenure of operator for commercial farms only. 



DELAWARE 

BY COLOR AND TENURE OF OPERATOR: CENSUS OF 1954 

Oct. 24-30. Data are based on reports for only a sample of farms. See text] 



35 



(For definitions and explanations, see text) 



Tenure of operator 1 — Continued 



Tenants — Continued 



Share- 
cash 



Crop- share 



Livestock- 
share 



Other farms 



Other and 
unspecified 



Hired workers • farms reporting. . 

persons. . 

1 hired worker , farms reporting.. 

2 hired workers farms reporting.. 

3 or 4 hired workers farms reporting.. 

5 to 9 hired workers farms reporting.. 

10 hired workers or more farms reporting.. 

Regular workers (to be employed 150 days or more) farms reporting.. 

persons. . 

1 hired worker farms reporting.. 

2 hired workers farms reporting. . 

3 or 4 hired workers..... farms reporting.. 

5 to 9 hired workers ...farms reporting.. 

10 hired workers or more farms reporting.. 

Seasonal workers ( to be employed less than 150 days) farms reporting.. 

persons.. 

1 hired worker farms reporting.. 

2 hired workers farms reporting.. 

3 or 4 hired workers farms reporting.. 

5 to 9 hired workers farms reporting.. 

10 hired workers or more farms reporting.. 

Regular hired workers and no seasonal hired workers farms reporting.. 

Both regular and seasonal hired workers farms reporting.. 

Seasonal hired workers and no regular hired workers farms reporting.. 

Paid on a monthly basis farms reporting.. 

Under $25 per month farms reporting. . 

$25 to $34 per month farms reporting.. 

$35 to $49 per month farms reporting.. 

$50 to $84 per month farms reporting.. 

$85 to $109 per month farms reporting.. 

$110 to $129 per month farms reporting.. 

$130 to $169 per month farms reporting.. 

$170 to $214 per month farms reporting. . 

$215 to $274 per month farms reporting.. 

$275 to $324 per month farms reporting. , 

$325 and over per month farms reporting.. 

Paid on a weekly basis farms reporting., 

Under $5 per week farms reporting.. 

$5 to $7 per week farms reporting., 

$8 to $11 per week farms reporting . , 

$12 to $19 per week farms reporting., 

$20 to $24 per week farms reporting.. 

$25 to $29 per week farms reporting. . 

$30 to $39 per week farms reporting., 

$40 to $49 per week farms reporting. . 

$50 to $59 per week farms reporting.. 

$60 to $69 per week farms reporting.. 

$70 to $79 per week farms reporting., 

$80 and over per week farms reporting. . 

Paid on a daily basis farms reporting. 

$1 per day farms reporting. 

$2 per day farms reporting. 

$3 per day farms reporting. 

$4 per day farms reporting . 

$5 per day farms reporting. 

$6 per day farms reporting. 

$7 per day farms reporting. 

$8 per day farms reporting. 

$9 per day farms reporting. 

$10 and over per day farms reporting. 

Paid on an hourly basis. farms reporting. 

Under $0. 25 per hour farms reporting. 

$0,25 to $0.34 per hour farms reporting.. 

$0.35 to $0.44 per hour farms reporting. 

$0.45 to $0.54 per hour farms reporting. 

$0.55 to $0.64 per hour farms reporting. 

$0.65 to $0.74 per hour farms reporting. 

$0.75 to $0.84 per hour farms reporting. 

$0.85 to $0.99 per hour farms reporting. 

$1.00 to $1.14 per hour farms reporting. 

$1.15 to $1.29 per hour farms reporting. 

$1.30 to $1.44 per hour farms reporting. 

$1.45 and over per hour farms reporting. 

Paid on a piece-work basis farms reporting., 

Expenditures for hired labor in 1954....... farms reporting., 

dollars. , 

$1 to $99 farms reporting.. 

$100 to $199 farms reporting., 

$200 to $499 farms reporting., 

$500 to $999 farms reporting., 

$1,000 to $2,499 farms reporting., 

$2,500 to $4,999 farms reporting., 

$5,000 and over farms reporting.. 

Far as with expenditures for hired labor but no hired workers reported .. .farms reporting.. 

$1 to $99 farms reporting., 

$100 to $199 farms reporting., 

$200 to $499 farms reporting.. 

$500 to $999 farms reporting.. 

$1,000 to $2,499 farms reporting., 

$2,500 to $4,999 farms reporting.. 

$5,000 and over farms reporting.. 



132 

220 

85 

31 



76 

141 

41 

20 

10 
5 



6 
6,075 



242 
216,210 
15 
55 
76 
35 
26 
25 
10 

110 
15 
35 
45 
10 
5 



35 

31,700 

5 

15 
5 
5 



68 
97 
50 
12 
6 



33 
42 
25 



45 
55 

40 



23 

10 
35 



5 

15 



5 
10 



21 
6,225 

5 



125 

142,950 

45 

6 

5 

15 

35 

11 

8 

57 
25 
6 



36 



STATISTICS FOR THE STATE 

State Table 9.-HIRED FARM LABOR AND WAGE RATES 

[Figures on number of workers and wage rates are for hired persons working the week of 



{For definitions and explanations, 3ee text) 



Total 
all farms 
of white 
operators 



Tenure of operator 1 



Full 
owners 



Part 
owners 



Managers 



Hi red workers farms reporting. 

persons. 

1 hired worker farms reporting. 

2 hired workers farms reporting. 

3 or 4 hired workers farms reporting. 

5 to 9 hired workers farms reporting. 

10 hired workers or more farms reporting. 

Regular workers ( to be employed 150 days or more) farms reporting. 

persons. 

1 hired worker farms reporting. 

2 hired workers farms reporting. 

3 or 4 hired workers farms reporting. 

5 to 9 hired workers farms reporting. 

10 hired workers or more farms reporting . 

Seasonal workers (to be employed less than 150 days) farms reporting. 

persons. 

1 hired worker farms reporting. 

2 hired workers farms reporting. 

3 or 4 hired workers farms reporting. 

5 to 9 hired workers farms reporting. 

10 hired workers or more farms reporting. 

Regular hired workers and no seasonal hired workers farms reporting. 

Both regular and seasonal hired workers farms reporting. 

Seasonal hired workers and no regular hired workers farms reporting. 

Paid on a monthly basis farms reporting. 

Under $25 per month farms reporting. 

$25 to $34 per month farms reporting. 

$35 to $49 per month farms reporting. 

$50 to $84 per month farms reporting. 

$85 to $109 per month farms reporting. 

$110 to $129 per month farms reporting . 

$130 to $169 per month farms reporting. 

$170 to $214 per month farms reporting. 

$215 to $274 per month farms reporting. 

$275 to $324 per month farms reporting. 

$325 and over per month farms reporting . 

Paid on a weekly basis farms reporting. 

Under $5 per week farms reporting. 

$5 to $7 per week farms reporting. 

$8 to $11 per week farms reporting. 

$12 to $19 per week farms reporting. 

$20 to $24 per week farms reporting. 

$25 to $29 per week farms reporting. 

$30 to $39 per week farms reporting. 

$40 to $49 per week farms reporting. 

$50 to $59 per week farms reporting. 

$60 to $69 per week farms reporting. 

$70 to $79 per week farms reporting. 

$80 and over per week farms reporting. 

Paid on a daily basis farms reporting. 

$1 per day farms reporting. 

$2 per day farms reporting. 

$3 per day farms reporting. 

$4 per day farms reporting. 

$5 per day farms reporting. 

$6 per day farms reporting. 

$7 per day farms reporting. 

$8 per day farms reporting. 

$9 per day farms reporting. 

$10 and over per day farms reporting. 

Paid on an hoarly basis...... farms reporting. 

Under $0.25 per hour farms reporting. 

$0.25 to $0.34 per hour farms reporting. 

$0.35 to $0.44 per hour farms reporting. 

$0.45 to $0.54 per hour farms reporting. 

$0.55 to $0.64 per hour farms reporting. 

$0.65 to $0.74 per hour farms reporting. 

$0.75 to $0.84 per hour farms reporting. 

$0.85 to $0.99 per hour farms reporting. 

$1.00 to $1.14 per hour farms reporting. 

$1.15 to $1.29 per hour farms reporting. 

$1.30 to $1.44 per hour farms reporting. 

$1.45 and over per hour farms reporting. 

Paid on a piece-work basis. ............................................ .farms reporting. 

Expenditures for hired labor in 1954 farms reporting. 

dollars. 

$1 to $99 farms reporting. 

$100 to $199 farms reporting. 

$200 to $499 farms reporting. 

$500 to $999 farms reporting . 

$1,000 to $2,499 farms reporting. 

$2,500 to $4,999 farms reporting. 

$5,000 and over farms reporting. 

Farms with expenditures for hired labor but no hired workers reported. . .farms reporting. 

$1 to $99 farms reporting. 

$100 to $199 farms reporting. 

$200 to $499 farms reporting. 

$500 to $999.. , farms reporting. 

$1,000 to $2,499 farms reporting. 

$2,500 to $4,999 faj-ms reporting. 

$5,000 and over farms reporting., 



1,886 

5,693 

1,024 

417 

216 

151 

78 

1,020 

2,800 

656 

159 

101 

71 

33 

1,116 

2,893 

687 

203 

111 

72 

43 

770 

250 



36 

55 

59 

216 

157 



196 

10 

10 

15 

5 

30 

62 

33 

6 

5 

20 



21 

26 

45 

415 

36 

340 

20 

5 

5 

170 

3,433 

7,754,778 

625 

511 

624 

481 

627 

248 

317 

1,547 

480 

351 

381 

187 

102 

24 

22 



993 

2,909 

538 

209 

126 

77 

43 

555 

1,173 

374 

77 

63 

31 

10 

565 

1,736 

331 

110 

53 

36 

35 

428 

127 

438 

75 



399 

10 

21 

40 

33 

144 

98 

43 

8 

1 

1 

105 
5 

5 

10 



5 

11 

17 
210 

13 
195 

10 



1,842 
3,176,031 
310 
255 
372 
264 
349 
127 
165 
849 
245 
190 
251 
110 
37 



457 

1,264 

246 

98 

44 

49 

20 

260 

592 

171 

48 

7 

26 

8 

275 

672 

169 

33 

37 

30 

6 

182 

78 

197 



136 
22 
64 



31 



747 
1,626,852 
70 
120 
106 
137 
171 
69 
74 

290 
50 
75 
60 
52 
35 



77 

959 

10 

11 

27 

15 

14 

76 

855 

15 

6 

27 

14 

14 

20 

104 

16 

1 
1 
2 
57 
19 



78 
2,307,950 



288 

450 

185 

74 

19 

10 

118 
154 
86 
28 



196 

296 

136 

35 

20 

5 

92 
26 

170 



500 

578,900 

80 

91 

116 
55 
91 
42 
25 

212 
45 
56 
55 
15 
30 
10 



1 Data are given by tenure of operator for commercial farms only. 



DELAWARE 



37 



BY COLOR AND TENURE OF OPERATOR: CENSUS OF 1954-Continued 

Oct. 24-30. Data are based on reports for only a sample of farms. See text! 



(For definitions and explanations, see text) 



Tenure of operator 1 — Continued 



Tenants — Continued 



Share- 
cash 



Crop- share 



Livestock- 
share 



Croppers 



Other and 
unspecified 



Other farms 



Hired workers • farms reporting. , 

persons. . 

1 hired worker farms reporting.. 

2 hired workers ....farms reporting.. 

3 or 4 hired workers farms reporting.. 

5 to 9 hired workers farms reporting., 

10 hired workers or more farms reporting.. 

Regular workers (to be employed 150 days or more) farms reporting.. 

persons. , 

1 hired worker farms reporting., 

2 hired workers farms reporting. . 

3 or 4 hired workers farms reporting. , 

5 to 9 hired workers farms reporting., 

10 hired workers or more farms reporting., 

Seasonal workers (to be employed less than 150 days) farms reporting., 

persons. . 

1 hired worker farms reporting.. 

2 hired workers farms reporting., 

3 or 4 hired workers farms reporting., 

5 to 9 hired workers farms reporting.. 

10 hired workers or more farms reporting . . 

Regular hired workers and no seasonal hired workers farms reporting.. 

Both regular and seasonal hired workers farms reporting . , 

Seasonal hired workers and no regular hired workers farms reporting., 

Paid on a nonthly basis farms reporting. 

Under $25 per month farms reporting. 

$25 to $34 per month farms reporting. 

$35 to $49 per month farms reporting. 

$50 to $84 per month farms reporting . 

$85 to $109 per month farms reporting . 

$110 to $129 per month farms reporting. 

$130 to $169 per month farms reporting. 

$170 to $214 per month farms reporting. 

$215 to $274 per month farms reporting. 

$275 to $324 per month farms reporting. 

$325 and over per month farms reporting. 

Paid on a weekly basis farms reporting. 

Under $5 per week farms reporting. 

$5 to $7 per week i arms reporting. 

$8 to $11 per week farms reporting. 

$12 to $19 per week farms reporting. 

$20 to $24 per week farms reporting. 

$25 to $29 per week farms reporting. 

$30 to $39 per week farms reporting. 

$40 to $49 per week farms reporting. 

$50 to $59 per week farms reporting. 

$60 to $69 per week farms reporting. 

$70 to $79 per week farms reporting. 

$80 and over per week farms reporting. 

Paid on a daily basis farms reporting. 

$1 per day farms reporting. 

$2 per day farms reporting. 

$3 per day farms reporting. 

$4 per day farms reporting. 

$5 per day farms reporting. 

$6 per day farms reporting. 

$7 per day farms reporting. 

$8 per day farms reporting. 

$9 per day farms reporting. 

$10 and over per day ■ farms reporting. 

Paid on an hourly basis- farms reporting. 

Under $0.25 per hour farms reporting. 

$0.25 to $0.34 per hour farms reporting. 

$0.35 to $0.44 per hour farms reporting. 

$0.45 to $0.54 per hour farms reporting. 

$0.55 to $0.64 per hour farms reporting. 

$0.65 to $0.74 per hour farms reporting. 

$0.75 to $0.84 per hour farms reporting. 

$0.85 to $0.99 per hour farms reporting. 

$1.00 to $1.14 per hour farms reporting. 

$1.15 to $1.29 per hour farms reporting. 

$1.30 to $1.44 per hour farms reporting. 

$1.45 and over per hour farms reporting. 

Paid on a piece-work basis.. farms reporting. 

Expenditures for hired labor in 1954 farms reporting. 

dollars. 

$1 to $99 farms reporting. 

$100 to $199 farms reporting. 

$200 to $499 farms reporting. 

$500 to $999 farms reporting. 

$1,000 to $2,499 farms reporting. 

$2,500 to $4,999 farms reporting. 

$5 , 000 and over farms reporting . 

Faras with expenditures for hired labor but no hired workers reported .. .farms reporting. 

$1 to $99 farms reporting. 

$100 to $199 farms reporting. 

$200 to $499 farms reporting. 

$500 to $999 farms reporting. 

$1,000 to $2,499 farms reporting. 

$2,500 to $4,999 farms reporting.. 

$5,000 and over farms reporting. 



6 
6,075 



132 

220 
85 
31 
6 
10 

62 
79 
46 
15 
1 



76 
141 

41 

20 

10 

5 

56 

6 
70 



242 
216,210 
15 
55 
76 
35 
26 
25 
10 

110 
15 
35 
45 
10 
5 



30 
31,595 

15 
5 
5 
5 



21 

6,225 

5 

15 



125 

142,950 

45 

6 

5 

15 

35 

11 

8 

57 
25 
6 

5 

10 
10 



38 



STATISTICS FOR THE STATE 

State Table 9.-HIRED FARM LABOR AND WAGE RATES 

, [Figures on number of workers and wage rates are for hired persons working the week of 



(For definitions and explanations, aee text) 



Total 
all farms 
of nonwhite 
operators 



Tenure of operator 1 



Full 

owners 



Part 
owners 



Managers 



Hired workers farms reporting. 

persons. 

1 hired worker farms reporting. 

2 hired workers farms reporting. 

3 or 4 hired workers farms reporting. 

5 to 9 hired workers farms reporting. 

10 hired workers or more farms reporting. 

Regular workers (to be employed 150 days or more) farms reporting. 

persons. 

1 hired worker farms reporting. 

2 hired workers farms reporting. 

3 or 4 hired workers farms reporting. 

5 to 9 hired workers farms reporting. 

10 hired workers or more farms reporting. 

Seasonal workers (to be employed less than 150 days) farms reporting. 

persons . 

1 hired worker farms reporting. 

2 hired workers farms reporting. 

3 or 4 hired workers farms reporting. 

5 to 9 hired workers farms reporting. 

10 hired workers or more farms reporting. 

Regular hired workers and no seasonal hired workers farms reporting. 

Both regular and seasonal hired workers farms reporting. 

Seasonal hired workers and no regular hired workers farms reporting. 

Paid on a monthly basis farms reporting. 

Under $25 per month farms reporting. 

$25 to $34 per month farms reporting. 

$35 to $49 per month farms reporting. 

$50 to $84 per month farms reporting. 

$85 to $109 per month farms reporting. 

$110 to $129 per month farms reporting. 

$130 to $169 per month farms reporting. 

$170 to $214 per month farms reporting. 

$215 to $274 per month farms reporting. 

$275 to $324 per month farms reporting. 

$325 and over per month farms reporting. 

Paid on a weekly basis farms reporting. 

Under $5 per week farms reporting. 

$5 to $7 per week farms reporting. 

$8 to $11 per week farms reporting. 

$12 to $19 per week farms reporting. 

$20 to $24 per week farms reporting. 

$25 to $29 per week farms reporting. 

$30 to $39 per week farms reporting . 

$40 to $49 per week farms reporting. 

$50 to $59 per week farms reporting. 

$60 to $69 per week farms reporting. 

$70 to $79 per week farms reporting . 

$80 and over per week farms reporting. 

Paid on a daily basis farms reporting. 

$1 per day farms reporting. 

$2 per day farms reporting. 

$3 per day farms reporting. 

$4 per day farms reporting . 

$5 per day farms reporting. 

$6 per day farms reporting. 

$7 per day farms reporting. 

$8 per day farms reporting. 

$9 per day farms reporting. 

$10 and over per day farms reporting. 

Paid on an hourly basis farms reporting. 

Under $0.25 per hour farms reporting. 

$0.25 to $0.34 per hour farms reporting. 

$0.35 to $0.44 per hour farms reporting. 

$0.45 to $0.54 per hour farms reporting. 

$0.55 to $0.64 per hour farms reporting. 

$0.65 to $0.74 per hour farms reporting. 

$0.75 to $0.84 per hour farms reporting. 

$0.85 to $0.99 per hour farms reporting. 

$1.00 to $1.14 per hour farms reporting. 

$1.15 to $1.29 per hour farms reporting. 

$1.30 to $1.44 per hour farms reporting. 

$1.45 and over per hour farms reporting. 

Paid on a pitcc-work basis farms reporting. 

Expenditures for hirrd labor in 1954 farms reporting., 

dollars. . 

$1 to $99 farms reporting.. 

$100 to $199 farms reporting. . 

$200 to $499 farms reporting., 

$500 to $999 farms reporting.. 

$1,000 to $2,499 farms reporting.. 

$2,500 to $4,999 farms reporting., 

$5,000 and over farms reporting., 

Faras with expenditures for hired labor but no hired workers reported. . .farms reporting., 

$1 to $99 farms reporting.. 

$100 to $199 farms reporting.. 

$200 to $499 farms reporting.. 

$500 to $999 , farms reporting.. 

$1,000 to $2,499 farms reporting.. 

$2,500 to $4,999 farms reporting.. 

$5,000 and over farms reporting.. 



90 

25,285 

55 

5 

20 

'io 



30 

5,165 

10 

5 

15 



10 

12,000 



105 
5 



1 Data are given by tenure of operator for commercial farms only. 



DELAWARE 

BY COLOR AND TENURE OF OPERATOR: CENSUS OF 1954-Continued 

Oct. 24-30. Data are based on reports for only a sample of farms. See text] 



39 



(For definitions and explanations, see text) 



Tenure of operator 1 — Continued 



Tenants — Continued 



Share- 
cash 



Crop- share 



Lives tock- 
share 



Croppers 



Other farms 



Other and 
unspecified 



Hired workers farms reporting.. 

persons.. 

1 hired worker ., farms reporting.. 

2 hired workers farms reporting.. 

3 or 4 hired workers farms reporting.. 

5 to 9 hired workers farms reporting.. 

10 hired workers or more farms reporting.. 

Regular workers (to be employed 150 days or more) farms reporting.. 

persons. . 

1 hired worker farms reporting., 

2 hired workers farms reporting.. 

3 or 4 hired workers..... farms reporting.. 

5 to 9 hired workers farms reporting.. 

10 hired workers or more farms reporting.. 

Seasonal workers (to be employed less than 150 days) farms reporting.. 

persons. . 

1 hired worker farms reporting.. 

2 hired workers farms reporting.. 

3 or 4 hired workers farms repor ting . . 

5 to 9 hired workers farms reporting. . 

10 hired workers or more farms reporting.. 

Regular hired workers and no seasonal hired workers farms reporting., 

Both regular and seasonal hired workers farms reporting.. 

Seasonal hired workers and no regular hired workers farms reporting.. 

Paid on a monthly basis farms reporting. 

Under $25 per month farms reporting. 

$25 to $34 per month farms reporting. 

$35 to $49 per month farms reporting. . 

$50 to $84 per month farms reporting. 

$85 to $109 per month farms reporting.. 

$110 to $129 per month farms reporting. 

$130 to $169 per month farms reporting. 

$170 to $214 per month farms reporting. 

$215 to $274 per month farms reporting. 

$275 to $324 per month farms reporting. 

$325 and over per month farms reporting. 

Paid on a weekly basis farms reporting. 

Under $5 per week farms reporting. 

$5 to $7 per week farms reporting. 

$8 to $11 per week farms reporting. 

$12 to $19 per week farms reporting. 

$20 to $24 per week farms reporting. 

$25 to $29 per week farms reporting. 

$30 to $39 per week farms reporting. 

$40 to $49 per week farms reporting. 

$50 to $59 per week farms reporting. 

$60 to $69 per week farms reporting. 

$70 to $79 per week farms reporting. 

$80 and over per week farms reporting. 

Paid on a daily basis farms reporting. 

$1 per day farms reporting. 

$2 per day farms reporting. 

$3 per day farms reporting. 

$4 per day farms reporting. 

$5 per day farms reporting. 

$6 per day farms reporting. 

$7 per day farms reporting. 

$8 per day farms reporting. 

$9 per day farms reporting. 

$10 and over per day farms reporting. 

Paid on an hourly basis farms reporting. 

Under $0.25 per hour farms reporting. 

$0.25 to $0.34 per hour farms reporting. 

$0.35 to $0.44 per hour farms reporting. 

$0.45 to $0.54 per hour farms reporting. 

$0.55 to $0.64 per hour farms reporting. 

$0.65 to $0.74 per hour farms reporting. 

$0.75 to $0.84 per hour farms reporting. 

$0.85 to $0.99 per hour farms reporting. 

$1.00 to $1.14 per hour farms reporting. 

$1.15 to $1.29 per hour farms reporting. 

$1.30 to $1.44 per hour farms reporting. 

$1.45 and over per hour farms reporting. 

Paid on a piece-work basis..... farms reporting. 

Expenditures for hired labor in 1954 farms reporting. 

dollars. 

$1 to $99 farms reporting. 

$100 to $199 farms reporting. 

$200 to $499 farms reporting. 

$500 to $999 farms reporting. 

$1,000 to $2,499 farms reporting. 

$2,500 to $4,999 farms reporting. 

$5,000 and over farms reporting. 

Paras with expenditures for hired labor but no hired workers reported .. .farms reporting. 

$1 to $99 farms reporting. 

$100 to $199 farms reporting. 

$200 to $499 farms reporting . 

$500 to $999 farms reporting. 

$1,000 to $2,499 farms reporting. 

$2,500 to $4,999 farms reporting. 

$5,000 and over farms reporting. 



10 
40 

5 



5 
35 



5 

105 

5 



45 

,015 

40 



35 
35 



40 



STATISTICS FOR THE STATE 

State Table 10.-HIRED FARM LABOR AND WAGE RATES I 

[Figures on number of workers and wage rates are for hired persons working the week of I 



(For definitions and explanations, see text) 



Total 
all 

farms 



Type of farm 



Cash-grain 



Other 
field- crop 



Vegetable 



Hired workers farms reporting. 

persons. 

1 hired worker farms reporting. 

2 hired workers farms reporting. 

3 or 4 hired workers farms reporting . 

5 to 9 hired workers farms reporting. 

10 hired workers or more farms reporting. 

Regular workers (to be employed 150 days or more) farms reporting. 

persons. 

1 hired worker farms reporting. 

2 hired workers farms reporting. 

3 or 4 hired workers farms reporting. 

5 to 9 hired workers farms reporting. 

10 hired workers or more farms reporting. 

Seasonal workers (to be employed less than 150 days) farms reporting. 

persons. 

1 hired worker farms reporting. 

2 hired workers farms reporting. 

3 or i hired workers farms reporting. 

5 to 9 hired workers farms reporting . 

10 hired workers or more farms reporting . 

Regular hired workers and no seasonal hired workers farms reporting. 

Both regular and seasonal hired workers farms reporting. 

Seasonal hired workers and no regular hired workers farms reporting. 

Paid on a nonthly basis farms reporting. 

Under $25 per month farms reporting. 

$25 to $34 per month farms reporting. 

$35 to $49 per month farms reporting. 

$50 to $64 per month farms reporting. 

$85 to $109 per month farms reporting. 

$110 to $129 per month farms reporting. 

$130 to $169 per month farms reporting. 

$170 to $214 per month farms reporting. 

$215 to $274 per month farms reporting, 

$275 to $324 per month farms reporting. 

$325 and over per month farms reporting. 

Paid on a weekly basis farms reporting. 

Under $5 per week farms reporting. 

$5 to $7 per week larms reporting. 

$8 to $11 per week farms reporting. 

$12 to $19 per week farms reporting. 

$20 to $24 per week farms reporting. 

$25 to $29 per week farms reporting. 

$30 to $39 per week farms reporting. 

$40 to $49 per week farms reporting. 

$50 to $59 per week farms reporting. 

$60 to $69 per week farms reporting. 

$70 to $79 per week farms reporting. 

$30 and over per week farms reporting . 

Paid on a daily basis farms reporting. 

$1.00 per day farms reporting. 

$2.00 per day farms reporting. 

$3.00 per day farms reporting. 

$4.00 per day farms reporting. 

$5.00 per day farms reporting. 

$6.00 per day farms reporting. 

$7.00 per day farms reporting. 

$8.00 per day farms reporting. 

$9.00 per day farms reporting. 

$10.00 and over per day farms reporting. 

Paid on an hourly basis farms reporting. 

Under $0.25 per hour farms reporting. 

$0.25 to $0.34 per hour farms reporting. 

$0.35 to $0.44 per hour farms reporting. 

$0.45 to $0.54 per hour farms reporting. 

$0.55 to $0.64 per hour farms reporting. 

$0.65 to $0.74 per hour farms reporting. 

$0.75 to $0.84 per hour farms reporting. 

$0.85 to $0.99 per hour farms reporting. 

$1.00 to $1.14 per hour farms reporting. 

$1.15 to $1.29 per hour farms reporting. 

$1.30 to $1.44 per hour farms reporting. 

$1.45 and over per hour farms reporting. 

Paid on a piece-work basis farms reporting. 

Expenditures for hired labor in 1954 farms reporting. 

dollars. 

$1 to $99 farms reporting. 

$100 to $199 farms reporting. 

$200 to $499 farms reporting. 

$500 to $999 farms reporting. 

$1,000 to $2,499 farms reporting. 

$2,500 to $4,999 farms reporting. 

$5,000 and over farms reporting. 

Far as with expenditures for hired labor but no hired workers reported. . .farms reporting. 

$1 to $99 farms reporting. 

$100 to $199 farms reporting. 

$200 to $499 farms reporting. 

$500 to $999 „. farms reporting. 

$1,000 to $2,499 farms reporting. 

$2,500 to $4,999 farms reporting. 

$5,000 and over farms reporting. 



1,921 

5,773 

1,044 

422 

221 

156 

78 

1,030 

2,810 

666 

159 

101 

71 

33 

1,146 

2,963 

707 

203 

116 

77 

43 

775 

255 

891 

219 

5 

15 

45 

27 

6 

31 

71 

8 

5 

6 



10 

6 

36 

55 

59 

216 

157 

88 

10 

11 

13 

206 

10 

10 

15 

5 

30 

67 

38 

6 

5 

20 



279 

496 

166 

71 

26 

16 

104 
162 
72 
26 
1 
5 

197 
334- 
131 

30 
26 

10 

82 

22 

175 



21 


10 


26 


5 


45 


10 


•130 


81 


4.1 


5 


345 


51 


20 




5 




5 





3,523 


631 


7,780,063 


479,596 


680 


135 


516 


135 


644 


167 


481 


85 


637 


71 


248 


22 


317 


16 


1,602 


352 


525 


110 


356 


90 


381 


96 


187 


35 


107 


15 


24 


1 


22 


5 



50 
385 
10 
10 
15 
5 
10 
35 
50 
20 
15 



30 
335 

10 
5 
5 

10 
20 
15 
15 



55 

471,980 



10 

45 



83 

714 

25 

10 

26 

6 

16 

43 

181 

25 



65 
533 
20 
15 
11 
6 
13 
18 
25 
40 



16 

168 
658,660 
10 
20 
20 
35 
25 
20 
38 

85 

5 

15 

10 

30 

15 

5 

5 



DELAWARE 



41 



BY TYPE OF FARM: CENSUS OF 1954 

Oct. 24-30. Data are based on reports for only a sample of farms. See textj 



(For definitions and explanations, see text) 



Hired workers farms reporting. . 

persons.. 

1 hired worker farms reporting. . 

2 hired workers farms reporting.. 

3 or 4 hired workers farms reporting.. 

5 to 9 hired workers farms reporting.. 

10 hired workers or more farms reporting.. 

Regular workers (to be employed 150 days or more) farms reporting., 

persons. , 

1 hired worker farms reporting. , 

2 hired workers farms reporting. , 

3 or 4 hired workers farms reporting.. 

5 to 9 hired workers farms reporting.. 

10 hired workers or more farms reporting. , 

Seasonal workers (to be employed less than 150 days) farms reporting., 

persons. 

1 hired worker farms reporting. 

2 hired workers farms reporting. 

3 or 4 hired workers farms reporting. 

5 to 9 hired workers farms reporting. 

10 hired workers or more farms reporting. 

Regular hired workers and no seasonal hired workers farms reporting. 

Both regular and seasonal hired workers farms reporting. 

Seasonal hired workers and no regular hired workers farms reporting. 

Paid on a monthly basis farms reporting. 

Under $25 per month farms reporting. 

$25 to $34 per month farms reporting. 

$35 to $49 per month farms reporting. 

$50 to $84 per month farms reporting. 

$85 to $109 per month farms reporting. 

$110 to $129 per month farms reporting. 

$130 to $169 per month farms reporting. 

$170 to $214 per month farms reporting. 

$215 to $274 per month farms reporting. 

$275 to $324 per month farms reporting. 

$325 and over per month farms reporting. 

Paid on a weekly basis farms reporting. 

Under $5 per week farms reporting. 

$5 to $7 per week farms reporting. 

$8 to $11 per week farms reporting. 

$12 to $19 per week farms reporting. 

$20 to $24 per week farms reporting. 

$25 to $29 per week farms reporting. 

$30 to $39 per week farms reporting. 

$40 to $49 per week farms reporting. 

$50 to $59 per week farms reporting. 

$60 to $69 per week farms reporting. 

$70 to $79 per week farms reporting. 

$80 and over per week farms reporting. 

Paid on a dailv basis farms reporting. 

$1.00 per day farms reporting. 

$2.00 per day farms reporting. 

$3.00 per day farms reporting. 

$4.00 per day farms reporting. 

$5.00 per day farms reporting. 

$6.00 per day farms reporting. 

$7.00 per day farms reporting. 

$8.00 per day farms reporting. 

$9.00 per day farms reporting. 

$10.00 and over per day farms reporting. 

Paid on an hourly basis farms reporting. 

Under $0.25 per hour farms reporting. 

$0.25 to $0.34 per hour farms reporting. 

$0.35 to $0.44 per hour farms reporting. 

$0.45 to $0.54 per hour farms reporting. 

$0.55 to $0.64 per hour farms reporting. 

$0.65 to $0.74 per hour farms reporting. 

$0.75 to $0.84 per hour farms reporting. 

$0.85 to $0.99 per hour farms reporting. 

$1.00 to $1.14 per hour farms reporting. 

$1.15 to $1.29 per hour farms reporting. 

$1.30 to $1.44 per hour farms reporting. 

$1.45 and over per hour farms reporting. 

Paid on a piece-work basis farms reporting. 

Expenditures for hired labor in 1954 farms reporting. 

dollars. 

$1 to $99 farms reporting. 

$100 to $199 farms reporting. 

$200 to $499 farms reporting. 

$500 to $999 farms reporting. 

$1,000 to $2,499 farms reporting. 

$2,500 to $4,999 farms reporting. 

$5,000 and over farms reporting. 

Forms with expenditures for hired labor but no hired workers reported. . .farms reporting. 

$1 to $99 farms reporting. 

$100 to $199 farms reporting. 

$200 to $499 farms reporting. 

$500 to $999 farms reporting. 

$1,000 to $2,499 farms reporting. 

$2,500 to $4,999 farms reporting. 

$5,000 and over farms reporting. 



Type of farm— Continued 



471 
820 
335 

80 

25 

25 

6 

256 

360 

210 

25 

15 

5 

1 

260 

460 

190 

40 

15 

10 

5 

211 

45 

215 



20 

716 

876,510 

95 

75 

135 

115 

210 

70 

16 

245 
55 
45 
75 
45 
20 
5 



603 

1,816 

297 

160 

58 

69 

19 

364 

1,153 

218 

66 

34 

35 

11 

332 

663 

211 

61 

24 

29 

7 

271 

93 

239 

24 



6 
10 
23 
181 
23 
68 



1,093 

2,500,400 

175 

201 

177 

149 

220 

85 

86 

490 
135 
161 
110 
42 
32 
3 



Livestock 

other than 

dairy and 

poultry 



104 

274 

56 

10 

25 

3 

10 

63 

194 

31 

20 
7 
5 
51 
80 
35 
5 
10 
1 

53 
10 
41 



169 
490,470 
20 
10 
45 
20 
46 

28 

65 

15 
5 
25 
10 
10 



Primarily 
crop 



61 
122,520 



Primarily 
livestock 



36 

5 

°15 
5 
5 
5 
1 

20 

5 

°io 

5 



Crop and 
livestock 



118 

412 

60 

30 

10 

11 

7 

48 

105 

35 

5 

5 

1 

2 

91 

307 

55 

10 

10 

10 

6 

27 

21 

70 

15 



163 
295,160 
25 
25 
15 
35 
35 
20 
8 

45 

15 
10 

5 
10 

5 



Miscel- 
laneous 
and un- 
classified 



42 



STATISTICS FOR THE STATE 



State Table ll.-DATE OF ENUMERATION: CENSUSES OF 1954, 1950, AND 1945 

[Data are baaed on reports for only a Bample of farme. See text J 



Census of 1954 
Census starting date— November 8 



Approximate average date of enumeratio 

Percent of farms enumerated during — 
October 1 to 9 



October 10 to 16.. 
October 17 to 23.. 
October 24 to 31.. 
November 1 to 6... 
November 7 to 13. . 
November 14 to 20. 
November 21 to 27. 
November 28 "to 30. 
December 1 to 4... 
December 5 to 11.. 
December 12 to 18. 
December 19 to 25. 
December 26 to 31. 



Nov. 21-Nov 



Census of 1950 
Census date — April 1 



Approximate average date of enumeration 



Percent of farms enumerated during— 
April 14 and earlier 



April 15 to 28 

April 29 to May 12. 
May 13 to June 2... 
June 3 and later... 



Census of 1945 
Census date — January 1 



Approximate average date of enumeration 

Percent of enumeration districts enumerated during — 

January 1 to 15 

January 16 to 31 



February 1 to 15.. 
February 16 to 28. 



March 1 to 31. 
April 1 to 30. 



May 1 to 31 

June 1 and later. 



Apr. 15-Apr. 28 



Mar. 1-Mar. 15 



26 
20 



28 
9 



DELAWARE 



43 



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44 



STATISTICS FOR THE STATE 



State Table 13.-LIVESTOCK AND LIVESTOCK PRODUCTS: CENSUSES OF 1920 TO 1954 



[Data 


for number of livestock not fully comparable for 


the several censuses. See Stste T3ble 12 and 


text] 
















Census 


of— 








Item 




















(For definitions and explanations, 


see text) 


1954 
(November) 


1950 
(April 1) 


1945 
( January l) 


1940 
(April l) 


1935 
( January 1) 


1930 
(April l) 


1925 
(January l) 


1920 
(January l) 




8,943,787 


9,835,861 


9,174,705 


5,e2 1,599 


5,040,842 


9,031,037 


7,115,460 


8,476,503 


Cattle and dairy products: 


.farms reporting.. 


3,516 


4,314 


5,529 


5,911 


7,265 


6,707 


(NA) 


7, '— . 




number . . 


66,003 


59,706 


59,835 


47,241 


51,090 


53,914 


46,160 


46,509 




value. .dollars. . 


6,744,444 


7,653,845 


5,707,950 


2,655,442 


1,747,330 


4,205,745 


2,573,889 


3,394,160 


Cows, including heifers that 


. farms repor t i ng . . 
number. . 


3,185 
36,680 


4,068 
34,206 


5,262 
40,354 


5,598 
33,950 


7,060 
36,036 


(NA) 
30,777 


(NA) 
36,253 


(NA) 




33,775 




value .. dollars . . 


4,915,120 


5,952,113 


4,754,285 


2,185,749 


1,477,476 


3,203,712 


2,218,166 


2,781,596 




•farms reporting. . 


2,822 

31,014 


3,857 
31,452 


(NA; 
(NA) 


5,564 
32,424 


(NA) 
(NA) 


6,248 
30,201 


7,342 
33,793 


7,521 




number. . 


33,026 




.farms reporting.. 


(NA) 


2,018 


2,562 


2,754 


(NA) 


3,952 


(NA) 


(NA) 




dollars.. 


'6,965,369 


6,811,556 


4,929,726 


2,225,069 


(NA) 


3,134,872 


(NA) 


2,442,253 




•farms reporting.. 


1,450 


1,800 


2,061 


2,096 


(NA) 


2,752 


(NA) 


1,936 




pounds . . 


167,480,263 


140,659,477 


135,887,078 


101,549,626 


(NA) 


98,343,296 


73,543,167 


59,135,759 




dollars. . 


6,960,379 


6,763,005 


2 4, 860, 522 


2 2, 172, 220 


(NA) 


2,975,256 


(NA) 


1,993,745 




..farms reporting.. 


25 


69 


40 


121 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


pounds of butterfat. . 


7,205 


49,563 


32,155 


105,884 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 




dollars. . 


4,990 


28,985 


2 15,384 


2 23, 874 


(NA) 


28,734 


(NA) 


81,011 


Butter, buttermilk, skim milk. 


..farms reporting.. 


(NA) 
(NA) 


203 
19,566 


3 505 
2 53,820 


3 642 
2 28,975 


(NA) 
(NA) 


3 1,258 
■"130,382 


(NA) 
(NA) 


3 3,234 




dollars.. 


-•367,497 


Cows milked, day preceding enumeration.. 


..farms reporting.. 


2,617 


3,622 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


5,507 


(NA) 


(NA) 




number of cows . . 


22,530 


25,052 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


23,089 


(NA) 


(NA) 




57,169 


68,597 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


45,291 


(NA) 


(NA) 


Cows and heifers milked during any 


..farms reporting.. 


(NA) 


(NA) 


5,030 


5,565 


6,853 


6,335 


7,523 


(HA) 




number . . 


(NA) 


(NA) 


32,356 


29,997 


33,192 


30,067 


32,589 


(NA) 


Hurst** and mules: 


..farms reporting.. 


1,971 
4,004 


3,884 
8,288 


(NA) 


6,885 

21,043 


8,452 
23,981 


8,403 
27,412 


9,252 
31,947 


(NA) 




number. . 


16,628 


37,191 




value.. dollars. . 


236,236 


564,682 


1,475,488 


2,313,974 


2,386,357 


2,839,055 


2,505,741 


3,334,486 


Horses and colts, including ponies... 


..farms reporting.. 


(NA) 


2,857 


4,580 


4,886 


5,e23 


(NA) 


(NA) 


9,220 




number . . 


(NA) 


6,092 


11,370 


13,217 


14,084 


17,833 


22,496 


27,752 




value.. dollars. . 


(NA) 


338,668 


902,366 


1,289,968 


1,232,440 


1,691,933 


1,659,711 


2,172,609 




..farms reporting.. 


(NA) 


1,410 


2,794 


3,674 


4,658 


(NA) 


(NA) 


4,052 




number. . 


(NA) 


2,196 


5.258 


7,826 


9,897 


9,579 


9,451 


9,439 




value. .dollars. . 


(NA) 


176,014 


573,122 


1,024,006 


1,153,917 


1,147,122 


846,030 


1,161,877 


Mogs: 


..farms reporting.. 


3,108 


3,911 


4,363 


4,837 


5,528 


5,740 


4,802 


7,236 




number. . 


41,136 


36,839 


35,171 


22,978 


26,493 


30,341 


24,106 


38,621 




value. .dollars. . 


1,084,784 


613,361 


513,893 


195,025 


164,257 


372,644 


285,984 


603,323 




..farms reporting.. 


2,396 


3,010 


(NA) 


4,837 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(«) 




number.. 


16,408 


19,327 


(NA) 


22,978 


(NA) 


20,775 


(«-> 


(«,) 




..farms reporting.. 


1,728 


2,162 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


1,500 


(NA) 


<«> 




number . . 


24,728 


19,512 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


9,566 


(«*) 


(«) 




..farms reporting.. 


1,245 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 




number. . 


8,204 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 




..farms reporting.. 


940 


1,503 


1,889 


1,449 


1,302 


1,249 


(NA) 


2,909 




number . . 


4,270 


4,883 


5,238 


3,269 


2,227 


2,127 


2,649 


4,602 




..farms reporting.. 


955 

3,934 


(NA) 
(NA) 


(NA) 
(NA) 


(NA) 
(NA) 


(NA) 
(NA) 


(NA) 
(NA) 


(NA) 
(NA) 


(NA) 




number . . 


(NA) 


Sheep and wool: 


..farms reporting.. 


147 


92 


82 


85 


128 


139 


66 


135 




number. . 


4,302 


2,838 


2,330 


1,835 


2,609 


5,326 


1,749 


3,220 




value.. dollars.. 


59,750 


48,824 


22,676 


11,405 


11,871 


51,573 


15,633 


38,397 




..farms reporting.. 


131 


86 


(NA) 


85 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 




number. . 


3,338 


1,685 


(NA) 


1,835 


(NA) 


3,405 


1,594 


2,517 


Ewes 


..farms reporting.. 


124 
3,101 


83 
1,503 


61 
1,635 


70 
1,578 


107 
2,076 


(NA) 
3,267 


(NA) 
1,501 


122 




number.. 


2,331 




..farms reporting.. 


84 


62 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 




number. . 


237 


182 


(NA) 


257 


(NA) 


138 


93 


186 




. . farms reporting. . 


99 


70 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


73 




number. . 


964 


1,153 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


1,921 


155 


703 




..farms reporting.. 


94 


64 


48 


66 


96 


139 


(NA) 


95 




number shorn. . 


3,222 


1,460 


(NA) 


1,368 


2,070 


2,834 


1,545 


2,496 






21,252 


8,947 


11,057 


9,057 


13,510 


17,979 


9,624 


15,875 




value .. dollars . . 


10,626 


3,492 


5,197 


2,355 


3,513 


6,559 


3,946 


8,890 



See footnotes at end of table. 






DELAWARE 

State Table 13.-LIVEST0CK AND LIVESTOCK PRODUCTS: CENSUSES OF 1920 TO 1954-Continued 

[Data for number of livestock not fully comparable for the several censuses. See State Table 12 and text] 



45 



(For definitions and explanations, see text) 



Census of — 



1954 

(November) 



1950 
(April I) 



1945 
(January 1) 



1940 
(April 1) 



1935 
(January l) 



1930 
(April 1) 



1925 

( January l) 



1920 
( January l) 



Coats and mohair: 

Goats and kids farms reporting.. 

number. . 
value. .dollars. . 

Angora goats and kids farms reporting.. 

number.. 
Other goats and kids farms reporting.. 

number. . 

Goats and kids clipped farms reporting.. 

number . . 

Mohair clipped pounds. . 

value. .dollars. . 

Poultry and poultry products: 

Poultry and/or poultry products sold farms reporting.. 

dollars. . 

Chickens, 4 months old and over, on hand.. farms reporting.. 

number. . 
value, .dollars. . 

Chickens sold farms reporting. . 

number. . 
dollars. . 

Chicken eggs sold farms reporting.. 

dozens. . 
dollars. . 

Turkey hens, to be kept for 
breeding, on hand farms reporting.. 

number. . 

Turkeys raised farms reporting.. 

number. . 

Ducks raised farms reporting.. 

number. . 

Geese raised farms reporting.. 

number . . 

Guineas raised farms reporting.. 

number. . 

Turkeys, ducks, geese, and other miscellaneous 
poultry, and their eggs sold farms reporting.. 

dollars.. 
Animals sold alive: 

Cattle, hogs, sheep, horses, or 
mules sold alive farms reporting. . 

dollars. . 

Cattle, hogs, or sheep sold alive farms reporting.. 

Cattle and/or calves sold alive. ....... .farms reporting.. 

number. . 

dollars. . 

Cattle sold alive, excluding 
calves farms reporting. . 

number. . 

dollars.. 

Calves sold alive farms reporting.. 

number. . 
dollars.. 

Hogs and pigs sold alive farms reporting.. 

number. . 
dollars.. 

Sheep and lambs sold alive.. farms reporting.. 

number. . 
dollars.. 

Horses and mules sold alive farms reporting.. 

number. . 
dollars.. 



(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 

3,366 
48,571,789 

3,837 
711,803 
818,573 

2,513 
62,204,345 
41,930,673 
1,531 
5.857,007 
3,523,731 



3,412 

383 

933,779 

72e 
19,973 

127 
1,270 

24 
463 

509 
3,117,385 

3,212 

3,017,988 

3,189 

2,503 

29,116 

1,665,300 

1,484 

10,172 

1,249,417 

2,242 

18,944 

415,883 

1,623 

41,093 

1,289,731 

88 
2,565 

37,256 

119 

208 

25,701 



173 
(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
<•*) 

4,678 
54,401,220 

5,129 

757,368 
955,149 

3,707 
59,304,111 
50,502,492 
2,583 
6,048,580 
3,203,470 

227 

5,537 

419 

103,903 

1,164 
34,274 

106 
1,719 

29 
656 

791 
695,258 

4,117 

2,718,591 

4,069 

3,227 

23,547 

1,596,055 

1,446 

6,903 

1,108,719 

2,932 

16,644 

487,336 

2,381 
40,667 
999,314 

58 

1,111 

19,136 

343 
717 



183 

828 

3,974 

(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 

6,357 
46,644,804 

6,277 
1,074,250 
1,450,724 

(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 

(NA) 

663 

71,501 

(NA) 

(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 

(NA) 

(NA) 

3,583 

26,310 

848,331 

(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 

2,186 
32,093 
529,242 

43 
956 
9,751 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 



86 

472 

1,781 

16 
52 

74 
420 

2 

(NA) 
7 
2 

6,353 
8,352,173 

7,153 
901,732 
651, 972 

4,879 
16,615,137 
8,492,849 

(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 

1,443 
14,316 

1,378 
92,654 

1,366 
55,347 

114 
1,601 

342 
8,004 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 

(NA) 

3,692 

3,013 

19,424 

481,519 

1,200 
4,838 

268,956 
2,640 
14,586 

212,563 

1,527 

20,415 

278,100 

39 

557 

3,176 

(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 



98 

341 

1,449 

(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 

1 

(NA) 

15 

3 

(NA) 
(NA) 

9,039 
1,072,909 
729,578 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 

2,519 
22,810 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 



83 

539 

2,817 

32 

253 

(NA) 

286 

(NA) 

37 

73 

29 

(NA) 
(NA) 

8,930 
1,551,114 
1,559,203 

6,573 
2,070,702 
2,235,324 

7,869 
9,859,015 

3,572,911 

(NA) 

(NA) 

2,239 

60,714 

2,524 
65,987 

969 
11,444 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 



17 
138 
622 

(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
21 
54 
19 

(NA) 
(NA) 

9,518 
1,365,032 
1,733,591 

(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 

(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 



""►Available data not comparable. NA Not available. x For 1954, whole milk and cream only. 'Published values for 1945 and 1940 were computed on the basis of average 
prices. For this table, these values have been adjusted to equal the enumerated value of all dairy products sold. 3 Butter sold. 



46 



STATISTICS FOR THE STATE 

State Table 14_FARMS REPORTING SPECIFIED NUMBER OF CATTLE ON HAND: CENSUSES OF 1954 AND 1950; FARMS 
REPORTING SPECIFIED NUMBER OF LIVESTOCK ON HAND OR SOLD ALIVE: CENSUS OF 1954 



[Data for 1954 are based 



eports for only a sample of farms. See text] 



(For definitions and explanations, see text) 



State 
total 



(For definitions and explanations, see text) 



Cattle and calves of all ages on hand farms reporting 1954. 

1950. 

number 1954. 

1950. 

1 farms reporting 1954. 

1950. 

2 to 4 farms reporting 1954. 

1950. 
5 to 9 farms reporting 1954. 

1950. 
10 to 24 farms reporting 1954 . 

1950. 
25 to 49 farms reporting 1954 . 

1950. 
50 to 99 farms reporting 1954. 

1950. 
100 and over farms reporting 1954. 

1950. 

Govs on hand 1951, including heifers 
that have calved farms reporting. 

number. 

1 farms reporting. 

2 farms reporting. 

3 or 4 farms reporting. 

5 to 9 farms reporting. 

10 to 14 farms reporting. 

15 to 19.,. farms reporting. 

20 to 29 farms reporting. 

30 to 49 farms reporting. 

50 to 74 farms reporting. 

75 to 99 farms reporting. 

100 to 199 farms reporting. 

200 to 499 farms reporting. 

500 to 999 farms reporting. 

1,000 and over farms reporting. 

Milk cows oo hand, 1954 farms reporting. 

number . 

1 farms reporting. 

2 farms reporting. 

3 farms reporting. 

4 farms reporting. 

5 to 9 farms reporting. 

10 to 14 farms reporting. 

15 to 19 farms reporting. 

20 to 29 farms reporting. 

30 to 49 farms reporting. 

50 to 74 farms reporting. 

75 to 99 farms reporting. 

100 and over farms reporting. 

Cattle sold alive, excluding calves, 1951 farms reporting. 

number . 

1 to 4 farms reporting. 

5 to 9 farms reporting. 

10 to 19 farms reporting. 

20 to 29 farms reporting. 

30 to 39 farms reporting. 

40 to 49 farms reporting. 

50 to 99 farms reporting. 

100 to 199 farms reporting. 

200 and over farms reporting. 

Calves sold alive, 1954 farms reporting. 

number. 

1 to 4 farms reporting. 

5 to 9 farms reporting. 

10 to 14 farms reporting. 

15 to 19 i farms reporting. 

20 to 29 farms reporting. 

30 to 39 farms reporting. 

40 to 49 farms reporting. 

50 to 99 farms reporting. 

100 and over farms reporting. 



3,542 

4,314 

67,495 

59,706 

384 

763 

850 

1,180 
535 
495 
783 

1,058 

64-; 

628 
304 
164 
39 
26 

3,201 

37,494 

703 

464 

385 

328 

304 

267 

426 

269 

34 

17 



2,873 

31,829 

692 

451 
211 
115 
252 
263 
232 
399 
222 
20 
16 

1,492 
10,402 

903 

301 

137 

96 

27 

16 

9 

2 

1 

2,237 

19,343 

345 

540 

424 

221 

141 

36 

12 

18 



Sows and gilts farrowing after Dec. 1, 1953 
end be fore Dec . 1 , 1954 farms 

1 farms 

2 farms 

3 farms 

4 farms 

5 farms 

6 farms 

7 farms 

8 farms 

9 farms 

10 or more farms 

Hogs and pigs sold alive, 1954 farms 

1 to 4 farms 

5 to 9 farms 

10 to 14 farms 

15 to 19 farms 

20 to 29 farms 

30 to 39 farms 

40 to 49 farms 

50- to 99 farms 

100 to 199 farms 

200 and over farms 

Turkeys raised, light breeds, 1954 faros 

Under 25 farms 

25 to 49 farms 

50 to 99 farms 

100 to 199 farms 

200 to 399 farms 

400 to 799 farms 

800 to 1,599 farms 

1,600 and over farms 

Turkeys raised, heavy breeds, 1954 farms 

Under 25 farms 

25 to 49 farms 

50 to 99 farms 

100 to 199 farms 

200 to 399 farms 

400 to 799 farms 

800 to 1,599 farms 

1,600 and over farms 

Broilers (chickens) sold, 1954 farms 

Under 2,000 farms 

2,000 to 3,999 farms 

4,000 to 7,999 farms 

8,000 to 15,9vy larms 

16,000 to 31,999 farms 

32,000 to 39,999 farms 

40,000 to 49,999 farms 

50,000 to 59,999 , farms 

60,000 to 69,999 farms 

70,000 to 79,999 farms 

80,000 to 89,999 farms 

90,000 and over farms 



reporting., 
reporting, , 
reporting. 
reporting. 
reporting, 
reporting. 

reporting, 
reporting. 
reporting. 
reporting, 
reporting. 

reporting, 
number. 
reporting, 
reporting, 
reporting, 
reporting, 
reporting. 

reporting. 

reporting. 
reporting. 

reporting, 
reporting. 

reporting. 

number, 
reporting, 
reporting, 
reporting, 
reporting, 
reporting, 
reporting, 
reporting, 
reporting, 
reporting. 

number. 
reporting, 
reporting. 
reporting, 
reporting. 
reporting, 
reporting, 
reporting. 
reporting. 
reporting. 

number. 
reporting. 
reporting, 
reporting, 
reporting, 
reporting, 
reporting. 
reporting. 
reporting, 
reporting, 
reporting, 
reporting, 
reporting. 



DELAWARE 

State Table 15.-NURSERY, GREENHOUSE, AND FOREST PRODUCTS: CENSUSES OF 1920 TO 1954 



47 











Census 


of— 








Item 


















(For definitions and explanations, see text) 


1954 


1950 


1945 


1940 


1935 


1930 


1925 


1920 




(November) 


(April 1) 


(January 1) 


(April 1) 


(January 1) 


(April 1) 


( January 1 ) 


(January 1) 


Nursery and greenhouse products, flower and vegetable 


















seeds and plants, and bulbs: 


















Nursery and greenhouse products, flower and vegetable 




















2,804,426 


1,872,311 


908,347 


583,118 


(NA) 


557,060 


(NA) 


167,697 


Nursery products (trees, shrubs. 












>-31 








33 


26 


(NA) 


21 


(NA) 


(NA) 


20 


acres. . . 


1,866 


1,113 


(NA) 


947 


(NA) 


, (NA) 


(NA) 


169 




1,917,175 


984,312 


(NA) 


177,761 


(NA) 


'173, 092 


(NA) 


56,089 


Cut flowers, potted plants, florist greens. 




and beddiog plants grown for sale: 




















26 


2 37 


(NA) 


3 74 


(NA) 


4 92 


(NA) 


5 58 


square feet... 


345,780 


2 434,755 


(NA) 


3 737,770 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


5 241 251 




13 
54 


2 28 
2 46 


(NA) 
(NA) 


(NA) 
(NA) 


(NA) 
(NA) 


(NA) 
(NA) 


(NA) 
(NA) 


(NA) 


acres.. . 


(NA) 




34 
358,131 


2 53 
2 607, 765 


(NA) 
(NA) 


(NA) 

3 380,777 


(NA) 
(NA) 


(NA) 

4 383,968 


(NA) 
(NA) 


(NA) 


dollars. . . 


5 83,275 


Vegetables grown under glass, flower seeds. 


















vegetable seeds, vegetable plants, bulbs. 


















and Bushraoas produced for sale: 


















Grown under glass or in house farms reporting... 


42 


29 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


square feet.. . 


864,373 


331,601 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 




9 
66 


14 

43 


(NA) 
(NA) 


6 47 
6 193 


(NA) 
(NA) 


(NA) 
(NA) 


(NA) 
(NA) 


(NA) 


acres. .. 


(NA) 




50 
529,120 


36 
280,234 


(NA) 
(NA) 


(NA) 
6 24,580 


(NA) 
(NA) 


(NA) 
(NA) 


(NA) 
(NA) 


(NA) 


dollars . . . 


'28,333 


Forest products: 




















204,386 

568 

5,388 


153,151 
1,220 
11,265 


88,222 
(NA) 
(NA) 


52,535 
(NA) 
(NA) 


30,545 
(NA) 
(NA) 


123,719 

5,152 

53,158 


(NA) 
5,128 
59,661 


383,207 




(NA) 


cords (4'x 4'x 8')... 


(NA) 




353 
52,505 


741 
93,281 


(NA) 
(NA) 


(NA) 
(NA) 


(NA) 
(NA) 


826 
110,186 


(NA) 
(NA) 


(NA) 


number... 


(NA) 


Sawlogs and veneer logs cut 




















215 


a 297 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


8 208 


(NA) 


(NA) 


thousands of bd. ft... 


4,312 


"1,608 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


8 1,920 


(NA) 


(NA) 


Value of firewood, fence posts, logs, lumber. 


















pulpwood, piling and poles, bark, bolts, 


















Christmas trees, hewn ties, mine timber, and other 


















miscellaneous forest products sold farms reporting... 


122 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


dollars. . . 


204,386 


153,151 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 



NA Not available. ^ees, plants, vines, etc., in nurseries; flower and vegetable seeds; and bulbs. 2 Flowers and flowering plants grown for sale. 3 Crops grown under 
glass (flowers, plants, and vegetables) and propagated mushrooms. *Flowers, plants, and vegetables grown under glass, and flowers grown in the open. 5 Total square feet 
under glass. 6 Flower and vegetable seeds, bulbs, and flowers and plants grown in the open. 7 Value of vegetables and vegetable plants, 
standing timber. 



8 Does not include amount sold as 



48 



STATISTICS FOR THE STATE 



State Table 16.-SPECIFIED CROPS HARVESTED: ' CENSUSES OF 1920 TO 1954 



(For definitions and explanations, see text) 



1954 

(November) 



1950 
(April 1) 



1945 
(January 1} 



1940 
(April 1) 



1935 

(January 1) 



1930 
(April 1) 



1925 
( January 1 ) 



VI 1 f arw number . . . 

Cropland harvested farms reporting... 

acres . . . 

Total valuf of specified crops 
harvested (see texx) 3 dollars... 

Value of all crops sold (see text) 3 dollars... 

Corn: 

Corn for all purposes farms reporting.. 

acres. . 
value, dollars.. 

Harvested for grain farms reporting. . 

acres. . 
bushi 1 . . 

Cut for silage farms reporting. . 

acres., 
tons, green weight.. 
Hogged or grazed, or cut for green 

or dry fodder farms reporting.. 

acres.. 

Corn sold farms reporting.. 

bushels. . 
dollars.. 

Sorghuas : 

Sorghum for all purposes except 

for sirup farms reporting. . 

acres. . 
value, dollars.. 

Harvested for grain or for seed farms reporting.. 

acres., 
bushels. . 

Cut for silage farms reporting. . 

acres. . 
tons, green weight.. 
Hogged or grazed, or cut for dry 

forage or hay farms reporting. . 

acres. . 
tons cut.. 

Sorghum sold dollars. . 

Small eraina: 

Wheat threshed or combined farms reporting.. 

acres. . 

bushels. . 

value, dollars.. 

Sold. farms reporting. . 

* bushels., 

dollars.. 

Oats threshed or combined farms reporting.. 

acres.. 

bushels. . 
value, dollars.. 

Sold farms reporting. . 

bushels., 
dollars.. 

Oats cut for feeding unthreshed farms reporting.. 

acres. . 
value, dollars.. 

Barley threshed or combined farms reporting.. 

acres. . 

bushels. . 

value, dollars.. 

Sold farms reporting. . 

bushels. . 

dollars. . 

Rye threshed or combined farms reporting.. 

acres. . 

bushels. . 

value, dollars.. 

Sold farms reporting. . 

bushels. . 
dollars. . 

Buckwheat threshed or combined farms reporting.. 

acres. . 

bushels. . 

value, dollars.. 

Sold farms reporting. . 

bushels. . 
dollars.. 

Other grain threshed or combined farms reporting.. 

acres. . 

bushels.. 

value, dollars.. 

Sold farms reporting.. 

bushels. . 
dollars. . 

See footnotes at end of table. 



6,297 



5,512 

412,295 



31,064,607 
22,794,691 



4,934 

169,362 

9,673,715 

4,893 

161,682 

5,957,323 

608 
6,348 
53,704 

75 
1,332 

3,185 
3,538,784 
5,485,115 



(NA) 

nit 

6 7,428 

2 

14 
440 



100 
857 

( 6 ) 
( 6 ) 
( 6 ) 

6 286 



1,394 
32,904 

1,822,378 

1,203 

720,619 

1,621,392 

912 

9,905 

371,586 

274,974 

144 
47,790 
35,365 

( 7 ) 
(') 
(') 

890 

12,062 

368,994 

346,854 

256 
113,800 
106,972 

1,033 

13,676 

248,660 

372,990 

572 
164,980 
247,469 

28 
295 

5,012 
4,912 

6 
2,391 
2,343 

3 

41 

620 

744 

1 
150 



7,448 



6,448 
389,283 



19,713,323 

12,091,418 



5,625 

131,045 

6,109,197 

5,506 

124,638 

4,159,065 

516 

4,712 

38,945 

192 
1,695 

=2,433 
1,628,383 

5 2, 031, 725 



2,123 

59,851 

1,030,209 

1,905,115 

1,763 

815,573 

(NA) 

563 

5,150 

155,708 

112,763 

61 

13,250 

(NA) 



467 
13,310 

962 

11,373 

306,806 

255,433 

214 

63,418 

(NA) 

1,007 

13,489 

189,007 

269,017 

586 

103,875 

(NA) 



(NA] 

»51 

8 512 

8 7,455 

"11,125 

8 48 

8 4,204 

(NA) 



9,296 



8,450 
416,162 



18,381,677 
9,012,002 



7,015 

141,654 

4,586,319 

6,978 

138,613 

3,520,994 

(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 

(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 



21 

103 

4,635 



(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 



2,743 

63,674 

1,254,513 

1,959,847 

(NA) 

(NA) 

(NA) 

570 

4,950 

138,773 

127,085 

(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 

154 

751 

20,499 

946 

10,305 

272,720 

345,860 

(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

1,415 

17,978 

244,359 

352,744 

(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 

18 

263 

4,755 

5,706 

(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 



8,407 
378,448 



9,161,211 
4,972,855 



7,523 

137,583 

2,436,080 

7,498 

134,850 

3,597,583 

297 
2,389 
21,288 

59 
344 



(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 



5 
22 
196 



5 
22 

28 

(NA) 



2,829 

63,758 

1,131,176 

883,729 

(NA) 

(NA) 

(NA) 

196 

1,457 

37,488 

17,043 

(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 

33 

157 

2,287 

291 

2,764 

81,981 

49,238 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 

1,028 

11,018 

144,676 

99,231 

(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 



536 

7,355 
4,596 

(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 

255 

4,705 

3,233 

(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 



9,957 
388,722 



(-) 
(NA) 



8,807 

138,783 

(NA) 

8,776 

136,052 

3,936,060 

(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 



(NA) 



(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 

(**) 
(*» ) 
(**) 

(NA) 



3,433 

80,241 

1,446,445 

1,330,729 

(NA) 

(NA) 

(NA) 

286 

2,009 

57,879 

31,833 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 

193 
627 

(NA) 

145 

1,212 

41,551 

24,931 

(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 

958 

9,094 

112,599 

94,583 

(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 

43 
414 
314 

(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 



9,707 



9,213 

407,609 



(»*) 

,570,997 



8,465 

133,012 

(NA) 

8,405 

129,283 

3,466,565 

361 

2,761 

20,936 

(NA) 
968 



(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 



(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 

(*») 

(•») 
(«) 

(NA) 



4,127 

105,735 

1,975,161 

2,322,411 

(NA) 

(NA) 

(NA) 

287 

1,862 

52,947 

32,283 

(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

96 
413 
(NA) 

33 

202 

4,067 

3,457 

(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 

603 

5,083 

72,206 

85,790 

(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 

150 

1,153 

14,661 

14,808 

(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 

88 

1,813 

1,559 

(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 



10,257 



(NA) 
404,209 



(**> 
(NA) 



8,904 

136,214 

(NA) 

8,814 

133,182 

3,176,414 

261 
1,876 
16,327 

(NA) 
1,156 

(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 



(NA) 

17 

(NA) 



(NA) 



(NA) 
(HA) 
(NA) 

(*») 
(«) 
(**) 

(NA) 



(NA) 

96,703 

1,698,481 

2,547,102 

(NA) 

(NA) 

(NA) 

331 

2,084 

61,373 

40,506 

(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 

249 
944 
(NA) 



54 
793 
754 

(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 

456 

2,972 

31,108 

38,886 

(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 

289 

1,967 
22,486 
25,859 

(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 



(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 






DELAWARE 

State Table 16.-SPECIFIED CROPS HARVESTED: ' CENSUSES OF 1920 TO 1954-Continued 



49 



Item 
(For definitions and explanations, see text) 



Census of — 



1954 
(November) 



1950 
(April 1) 



1945 
(January 1) 



1940 
(April 1) 



1935 
( January 1 ) 



1930 
(April 1) 



1925 

(January 1) 



1920 
(January 1) 



Annual lepruneo: 

Soybeans grown for all purposes 9 farms reporting. 

acres. 

Harvested for beans farms reporting. 

acres. 

bushels. 

value, dollars. 

sold, dollars. 

Cut for hay 10 farms reporting. 

acres. 

tons. 

value, dollars. 

sold, dollars. 

Hogged or grazed, or cut for silage. . .farms reporting. 

acres, 
value, dollars. 

Plowed under for green manure farms reporting. 

acres. 

Hay cropa (see text) : 

land from which hay was cut 11 acres. 

Alfalfa and alfalfa mixtures cut for hay 

(and for dehydrating) farms reporting. 

acres. 

tons. 

value, dollars. 

Sold farms reporting. 

tons, 
dollars. 
Clover, timothy, and mixtures of clover 

and grasses cut for hay farms reporting. 

acres. 

tons. 

value, dollars. 

Sold farms reporting. 

tons, 
dollars. 

Lespedeza cut for hay farms reporting. 

acres. 

tons. 

value, dollars. 

Sold farms reporting. 

tons, 
dollars. 
Oats, wheat, barley, rye, or other small grains 

cut for hay farms reporting. 

acres. 

tons. 

value, dollars. 

Sold farms reporting. 

tons. 

dollars. 

Other hay cut (see text) farms reporting. 

acres. 

tons. 

value, dollars. 

Sold farms reporting. 

tons, 
dollars. 
Grass silage made from grasses, alfalfa, clover, 

or small grains farms reporting. 

acres. 

tons, green weight. 

value, dollars. 



Clover aaed, rraiis, and other field seed crops: 

Clover seed harvested: 

Crimson clover seed harvested farms reporting. 

acres. 

pounds. 

value, dollars. 

sold, dollars. 

Red clover seed harvested farms reporting. 

acres. 

bushels. 

value, dollars. 

sold, dollars. 

Other and unspecified clover seed 

harvested farms reporting. 

acres. 

pounds. 

value, dollars. 

sold, dollars. 

Lespedeza seed harvested farms reporting. 

acres. 

pounds . 

value, dollars. 

sold, dollars. 

Other field seed crops harvested acres. 

value, dollars, 
sold, dollars. 



3,106 
86,365 

2,771 

80,801 
1,484,697 
3,934,447 
3,659,036 

594 

4,526 

5,631 

184,632 

11,079 

44 

383 

17,618 



55,199 

548 

5,962 

11,382 

495,117 

31 

533 

23,185 

1,426 

24,012 

31,892 

1,148,112 

103 

2,363 

85,068 

1,288 

18,508 

22,143 

730,719 

72 

849 

28,017 

'237 

7 2,088 

7 2,537 

'76,110 

13 

133 

3,990 

225 

2,813 

3,016 

93,496 

15 

154 
4,774 

106 

1,816 

9,552 

62,088 



13 

96 

16,570 

2,817 

1,550 

128 

1,451 

1,684 

44,458 

24,452 

3 

67 

4,890 

1,956 

1,076 

249 

3,159 

716,666 

129,000 

70,950 

86 
5,270 
3,568 



3,238 
70,468 

2,577 

60,172 

871,406 

,514,542 

(NA) 

1,115 
7,428 
9,738 

194,760 
(NA) 

41 

270 

7,192 

203 
2,598 



57,375 

620 

5,554 

11,919 

322,774 

(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 

2,030 

28,460 

42,736 

1,015,633 

(NA) 

(NA) 

(NA) 

1,539 

19,022 

22,384 

470,064 

(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 

228 

1,487 

1,502 

25,534 

(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 

259 
2,623 
3,163 
63,260 

(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 

33 

288 

1,475 

11,204 



9 

95 

3,989 

798 

(NA) 

157 

1,888 

1,561 

49,651 

(NA) 

(NA) 

219 

24,064 

8,194 

(NA) 

349 

3,982 

864,252 

51,855 

(NA) 

47 
1,068 

(NA) 



4,061 
63,104 

1,882 

32,585 

293,034 

626,418 

(NA) 

2,545 

22,841 

24,511 

588,264 

(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 



57,455 

701 

5,835 

12,565 

379,011 

(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 

2,419 

29,742 

35,287 

953,238 

(NA) 

(NA) 

(NA) 

1,137 

11,995 

11,465 

286,625 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 

340 
2,628 
4,038 

80,760 

(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 

7,255 

8,574 

181,275 

(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 



(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 

31 

406 

313 

8,067 

(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 

2,531 

(NA) 



4,096 
44,631 

1,885 

25,844 

330,531 

306,076 

(NA) 

2,599 

16,386 

19,937 

249,410 

(NA) 

(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 



49,067 

509 

3,467 

7,302 

132,491 

(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 

2,833 

31,176 

34,985 

525,658 

(NA) 

(NA) 

(NA) 

1,052 
7,796 
8,284 

103,550 

(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

330 
1,741 
2,388 

23,880 

(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 

4,837 

6,096 

70,044 

(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 

12 2 

"50 
12 280 

12 l,4O0 



(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 

"265 

13 2,742 

13 4,600 

13 32,896 

(NA) 

50 

469 

43,380 

2,313 

(NA) 

264 

2,590 

521,368 

22,667 

(NA) 

(NA) 
876 
(NA) 



3,298 
29,292 

1,473 

(NA) 

263,637 

276,819 

(NA) 

2,291 

12,697 

16,986 

212,325 

(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 



2,172 
24,813 

(NA) 

(NA) 

211,191 

443,529 

(NA) 

1,824 

10,338 
12,316 

184,740 
(NA) 

(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 



54,446 



834 

5,578 

12,639 

203,488 


992 

5,308 

10,379 

201,592 


(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 


(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 


3,862 

38,127 

45,485 

614,048 

(NA) 

(NA) 

(NA) 


(NA) 

35,228 

39,777 

655,020 

(NA) 

(NA) 

(NA) 


(«*) 


(*») 


(«*) 


(«») 


(**) 


(«*> 


(•*) 


(«*) 


(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 


(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 


103 

447 

482 

5,302 


158 

723 

1,055 

13,715 


(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 


(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 


(NA) 

3,900 

3,972 

43,869 


(NA) 

13,187 

18,958 

249,605 


(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 


(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 


(«*) 


(„) 


(«*) 


(•*) 


(-) 


(«) 


(**) 


(*») 



(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


"224 


(NA) 


"1,762 


(NA) 


"3, 661 


(NA) 


1 '43, 728 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(«•) 


(—) 


(NA) 


(NA) 



(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 

10,110 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 



65,182 

809 

3,805 

(NA) 

(NA) 

(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
49,447 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 

(«) 
(»«) 
(*») 
(«) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 

345 
1,397 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
10,533 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 

(**) 
(**) 
(NA) 
(NA) 



(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(") 
(NA) 



See footnotes at end of table. 



50 



STATISTICS FOR THE STATE 

State Table 16.-SPECIFIED CROPS HARVESTED: 1 CENSUSES OF 1920 TO 1954-Continued 



Item 

(For definitions and explanations, see text) 



Census of — 



1954 
(November) 



1950 
(April 1) 



1945 
(January 1) 



1940 
(April 1) 



1935 
(January 1) 



1930 
(April 1) 



1925 

(January 1} 



Other field crops: 

Irish potatoes harvested for home use 

or for sale farms reporting. 

acres. 

bushels. 

value, dollars. 

sold, dollars. 



Popcorn harvested. 



Sweetpotatoes harvested for home use 
or for sale 



.farms reporting. 

acres. 

pounds . 

value, dollars. 

sold, dollars. 

.farms reporting. 

acres. 

bushels. 

value, dollars. 

sold, dollars. 



All other field crops harvested acres. 

value, dollars, 
sold, dollars. 

Valne of specified crops harvested, except fruits, nuts, 
horticultural specialties, and vegetables dollars. 

Value of crops sold, except fruits, nuts, horticultural 
specialties, and vegetables dollars. 

Vegetables for houe use and for sale (other than Irish 
and sveet potatoes): 

Vegetables harvested for home use 17 farms reporting. 

value, dollars. 

Vegetables harvested for sale 18 farms reporting. 

acres. 

Sold dollars. 

Asparagus farms reporting. 

acres. 
Beans, green lima farms reporting. 

acres. 
Beans, snap (bush and pole types) farms reporting. 

acres. 
Cabbage farms reporting. 

acres. 
Cantaloups and muskmelons farms reporting. 

acres. 
Cauliflower farms reporting. 

acres. 
Corn, sweet farms reporting. 

acres. 
Cucumbers and pickles farms reporting. 

acres. 
Lettuce and romaine farms reporting. 

acres. 
Peas, green farms reporting. 

acres.. 
Peppers, sweet and pimientos farms reporting.. 

acres. . 
Pumpkins farms reporting. . 

acres., 
Radishes farms reporting. , 

acres. , 
Squash farms reporting. . 

acres. . 
Tomatoes farms reporting. , 

acres. , 
Turnips farms reporting . , 

acres., 
Watermelons farms reporting., 

acres. , 
Other vegetables acres. , 

Berries and other snail fruits harvested for sale- 
Blueberries (tame) farms reporting. , 

acres.. 

quarts. . 
value, dollars. . 

Strawberries farms reporting., 

acres. . 

quarts. . 

value, dollars. . 

Other berries and small fruits acres.. 

value, dollars. , 



Tree fruits, nuts, and grapes: 

Land in bearing and nonbearing fruit orchards, groves, 

vineyards, and planted nut trees farms reporting. 

acres. 

Apples farms reporting. 

Trees of all ages number. 

Trees not of bearing age farms reporting. 

number. 

Trees of bearing age farms reporting. 

number . 

Quantity. harvested farms reporting. 

bushels. 
value, dollars. 



1,585 

6,123 
5 1, 377, 635 
2,176,663 
1,955,933 

60 

81A 

1,078,168 

A3, 127 

43,127 



15 



896 

398 

'82,432 
135,188 
99,974 

2 

68 
64 



21,784,881 
13,514,965 



4,483 

(NA) 

1,446 

40,033 

5,478,374 

72 

2,074 

375 

19,748 

107 

2,460 

70 

249 

181 

685 

12 

129 

342 

5,175 

316 

734 

5 

127 

88 

1,650 

393 

1,204 

48 

459 

2 

105 

22 

146 

559 

3,833 

18 

84 

206 

998 

173 



6 

131 

62,705 

25,082 

162 

144 

155,042 

52,713 

1 
246 



2 


'194 


"2 


,118 


"157 


"W 


- ; n 




'71 


22 9 


122 

! 126 




■^4? 


.-"•> 




"84 


22 320 


195 


22 688 


419 



2,342 

1,993 

5 307,083 

479,392 

(NA) 



(NA) 

100 

7 

(NA) 

1,065 

364 

15 51,378 

93,766 

(NA) 

45 

"9,316 

(NA) 



"12,995,014 
16 5,636,315 



5,437 
(NA) 

2,172 

38,767 

3,571,883 

153 

1,060 

529 

23,13S 

136 

2,078 

76 

30 

226 

693 

5 

20 

462 

3,582 

682 

1,277 

11 

106 

106 

745 

257 

629 

18 

122 

4 

51 

25 

139 

1,118 

3,784 

12 

9 

254 

1,165 

139 



34 

19,560 

5,868 

507 

521 

733,642 

205,843 

5 
993 



3,316 

3,384 

169,379 

302,201 

(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 

1,457 

1,493 

150,799 

259,925 

(NA) 

(NA) 
372 
(NA) 



11,071,382 
2,876,583 



8,215 
965,255 

5,280 
46,018 
3,065,823 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 

1,110 

4,732 
871 
187 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 

1,394 

3,933 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
637 

4,095 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 

4,250 
14,389 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 



3 

1 

95 

28 

362 

393 

382,634 

115,532 

73 
7,183 



1,516 


752 


"5,892 


11,106 


902 


1,358 


144,097 


312,961 


412 


(NA) 


35,195 


(NA) 


602 


(NA) 


108,902 


(NA) 


283 


(NA) 


377,536 


543,947 


755,072 


1,143,842 



4,352 

3,288 

219,956 

196,655 

(NA) 

20 

11 

23,400 

838 

(NA) 

1,969 

2,606 

337,900 

216,236 

(NA) 

(NA) 

8,868 

(NA) 



5,389,491 
1,838,397 



7,429 
352,164 

4,671 

38,336 

1,494,945 

469 

1,351 

786 

12,768 

136 

745 

88 

62 

992 

3,573 

7 

3 

407 

1,973 

718 

1,240 

25 

5 

177 

1,797 

171 

419 

56 

342 

4 

1 

30 

121 

3,484 

9,766 

19 

11 

904 

710 

3,449 



1,515 

2,979 

3,077,129 

277,775 

183 
7,780 



1,157 
14,640 

1,871 

419,612 

225 

46,282 

1,741 

373,330 

1,050 

821,586 

540,630 



7,042 

6,803 

663,950 

398,370 

(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 

3,459 

5,500 

666,357 

466,450 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(») 
(NA) 



(**> 
(NA) 



8,824 
310,434 

(NA) 
40,207 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 

296 
1,013 

259 

139 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 

808 
2,955 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
5,941 
18,899 
(NA) 
(NA) 

710 

1,923 

(NA) 



(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 

1,885 

4,778 

5,829,566 

378,922 

(NA) 
(NA) 



2,135 
21,147 

2,227 

776,704 

(NA) 

53,748 

(NA) 

722,956 

(NA) 

890,307 

863,598 



6,755 

4,234 

340,738 

484,876 

(NA) 



4,150 

6,106 

884,527 

850,932 

(NA) 



(NA) 
(— ) 
(NA) 



(**) 
(NA) 



8,264 
526,694 

6,391 

33,062 

,580,645 

769 

1,032 

667 

4,452 

746 

1,856 

268 

144 

1,006 

2,102 

4 

6 

657 

3,429 

936 

1,223 

59 

24 

518 

2,065 

20 50 

20 80 

28 

115 



5,256 

15,460 

6 

2 

213 

527 

541 



2,706 

4,494 

8,982,938 

839,185 

454 
37,206 



4,494 
23,691 

4,827 

948,623 

(NA) 

155,663 

(NA) 

792,960 

(NA) 

910,252 

,611,335 



5,979 

5,627 

498,595 

398,876 

(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 

2,994 

4,954 

704,073 

1,056,110 

(NA) 

(NA) 
(«*) 
(NA) 



(*♦) 
(NA) 



(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 

(NA) 

(NA) 

(NA) 

(NA) 

(NA) 

(NA) 

(NA) 

(NA) 

259 

171 

948 

1,745 

(NA) 

(NA) 

659 

4,259 

(NA) 

(NA) 

25 

19 

(NA) 

(NA) 

(NA) 

(NA) 

(NA) 

(NA) 

(NA) 

(NA) 

(NA) 

(NA) 

5,419 

18,158 

(NA) 

(NA) 

314 

959 

(NA) 



(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 

2,570 

4,1 
(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 

(NA) 



(NA) 
(NA) 

7,209 

1,067,324 

(NA) 

242,976 

(NA) 

824,348 

(NA) 

1,037,183 

1,223,876 



See footnotes at end of table. 






DELAWARE 

State Table 16.-SPECIFIED CROPS HARVESTED: ' CENSUSES OF 1920 TO 1954-Continued 



51 



(For definitions and explanations, see text) 



Census of — 



1954 
(November) 



1950 
(April 1) 



1945 
(January 1) 



1940 
(April 1) 



1935 
(January 1) 



1930 
(April 1) 



1925 
(January 1) 



1920 
(January 1) 



u?ee fruits, oats, and grapes— Continued 

Cherries farms reporting. 

Trees of all ages number. 

Trees not of bearing age farms reporting. 

number . 

Trees of bearing age farms reporting. 

number. 

Quantity harvested farms reporting. 

pounds . 
value, dollars. 

Grapes farms reporting. 

Vines of all ages number. 

Vines not of bearing age farms reporting. 

number. 

Vines of bearing age farms reporting. 

number. 

Quantity harvested farms reporting. 

pounds . 
value, dollars. 

Peaches farms reporting . 

Trees of all ages number. 

Trees not of bearing age farms reporting. 

number. 

Trees of bearing age farms reporting. 

number. 

Quantity harvested farms reporting. 

bushels. 
value, dollars. 

Pears farms reporting. 

Trees of all ages number. 

Trees not of bearing age farms reporting. 

number. 

Trees of bearing age farms reporting. 

number. 

Quantity harvested farms reporting. 

bushels, 
value, dollars. 

Plums and prunes farms reporting. 

Trees of all ages number. 

Trees not of bearing age farms reporting. 

number. 

Trees of bearing age farms reporting. 

number. 

Quantity harvested farms reporting. 

bushels, 
value, dollars. 

Other tree fruits and nuts value, dollars. 

Value of fruits, including berries and other small 

fruits, and nuts harvested dollars. 

Value of fruits, including berries and other small 

fruits, and nuts sold dollars. 



"55 
"439 

22 31 
"324 

"32 
"115 

"18 

"1,621 

"178 

"77 
"40,086 

"22 
"11,807 

"62 
"28,279 

"51 
"219,096 
"10,955 

"109 

"35,258 

"45 

"3,852 

"32 

"31,406 

"70 

"96,439 

"216,987 

"83 
"1,358 

"36 
"673 

"61 
"685 

"32 
"385 
"673 

"39 

"174 

"21 

"81 

"23 

"93 

"8 

"42 

"105 

"1,568 

"996,926 

"996,926 



305 

1,820 

187 

890 

131 

930 

50 

4,127 

619 

644 

59,870 

162 

1,807 

493 

58,063 

340 

384,983 

19,250 

614 
117,470 

304 
11,747 

361 
105,723 

183 
168,592 
282,397 

550 
5,041 

234 
1,271 

346 
3,770 

123 
1,745 
2,756 

55 

124 

35 

70 

19 

54 

4 

50 

150 

1,167 

1,274,115 

1,010,909 



303 
980 
(NA) 
(HA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
13,303 
1,597 

720 

179,885 

(NA) 

(NA) 

(NA) 

(NA) 

(NA) 

1,416,901 

70,845 

759 

395,543 

(NA) 

(NA) 

(NA) 

(NA) 

(NA) 

489,114 

1,018,705 

849 

10,364 

(NA) 

(NA) 

(NA) 

(NA) 

(NA) 

8,972 

11,862 

107 
268 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
49 
147 

1,129 

2,370,870 

2,161,249 



294 

1,185 

61 

248 

246 

937 

102 

8,737 

553 

478 

383,961 

28 

2,542 

452 

381,419 

349 

2,463,385 

49,267 

845 
465,913 

227 
151,229 

717 
314,684 

485 
486,354 
462,036 

807 

12,920 

62 

2,213 

765 

10,707 

411 

4,724 

2,989 

102 

439 

21 

52 

84 

387 

21 

181 

199 

264 

1,341,493 

1,074,710 



380 

2,045 

(NA) 

498 

(NA) 

1,547 

(NA) 

6,328 

170 

733 

787,510 

(NA) 

11,225 

(NA) 

776,285 

(NA) 

4,026,123 

100,653 

865 

440,930 

(NA) 

54,002 

(NA) 

386,928 

(NA) 

61,906 

77,382 

803 

24,900 

(NA) 

2,859 

(NA) 

22,041 

(NA) 

6,163 

3,698 

188 

1,391 

(NA) 

211 

(NA) 

1,180 

(NA) 

50 

75 

(*») 
(NA) 



1,204 

5,469 

(NA) 

827 

(NA) 

4,642 

(NA) 

94,528 

6,437 

1,697 

964,609 

(NA) 

88,143 

(NA) 

876,466 

(NA) 

4,713,083 

119,588 

2,796 
497,377 

(NA) 
115,027 

(NA) 
382,350 

(NA) 
400,937 
483,023 

2,144 

71,345 

(NA) 

5,110 

(NA) 

66,235 

(NA) 

32,897 

16,716 

458 

3,172 

(NA) 

581 

(NA) 

2,591 

(NA) 

646 

1,131 

<-*) 

(«*) 

(NA) 



(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 

2,635 
595,362 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 

3,361 

501,111 

(NA) 

(NA) 

(NA) 

(NA) 

(NA) 

355,802 

498,122 

3,847 
205, 501 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 

865 
5,320 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 

(**) 

(«*) 

(NA) 



(NA) 

16,706 

656 

4,006 

1,997 

12,700 

(NA) 

212,800 

12,921 

(NA) 

477,091 

475 

19,929 

1,877 

457,162 

(NA) 

1,445,121 

115,610 

(NA) 

557,850 

1,436 

93,336 

3,288 

464,514 

(NA) 

227,375 

409,275 

(NA) 

275,950 

710 

26,575 

3,622 

249,375 

(NA) 

97,703 

146,555 

(NA) 

6,695 

237 

1,595 

807 

5,100 

(NA) 

1,613 

2,904 

(**) 

(**) 

(NA) 



**Available data not comparable. NA Not available. 2 Reported in small fractions. 1 Figures for cropland harvested and specified crops relate to the crop years 1954, 
949, 1944, 1939, 1934, 1929, 1924, and 1919. a Total acreage of crops for which figures are available except that corn cut for forage was excluded as most of this acreage was 
robably duplicated in the acreage of corn harvested for grain. 3 Includes value of horticultural specialties. See State Table 15. For comparability, see other footnotes and 
ext. 4 Corn cut for forage. *Value of corn and other corn products sold. 6 Sorghum hogged or grazed, or cut for forage or hay included in "Other field crops." 7 0ats 
ut for feeding unthreshed included with "Oats, wheat, barley, rye, and other small grains cut for hay." s Buckwheat threshed or combined included with "Other grains threshed or 
ombined." 9 The 1944 and 1939 figures do not include acres plowed under for green manure. The 1944 figures are for acres grown alone. 10 For 1944, soybeans and cowpeas har- 
ested for hay. Prior to 1944, annual legumes saved for hay, but excluding vetches in 1924. lx For all censuses except 1950, obtained by adding the individual hay crops. 
2 Silage crops other than corn and sorghum. 13 Clover seed, except sweetclover. 16 Clover seed, including sweetclover. 15 For 1954, does not include acreage for farms with 
ess than 20 bushels harvested; for 1949, does not include acreage for farms with less than 15 bushels harvested. See text. 16 Includes receipts from sale of pasture and grazing 
irivileges. 17 Excludes Irish potatoes and sweetpotatoes, except for 1920 Census which included potatoes for home use only. 18 Excludes Irish and sweet potatoes. 19 Green 
ima beans included with snap beans. "includes hot peppers. 21 For censuses prior to 1950, small fruits harvested for home use or for sale. "Does not include data for 
arms with less than 20 trees or grapevines. See text. "Does not include acreage for farms reporting less than 1/2 acre. See text. 









52 



STATISTICS FOR THE STATE 



State Table 17.-FARMS REPORTING BY SPECfflED ACRES, QUANTITY HARVESTED, AND QUANTITY SOLD FOR SPECfflED 

CROPS. CENSUS OF 1954 

[Data are baaed on reports for only a sample of farms. See tert] 



State 
total 



State 
total 



CORN 

By acres harvested for all 

purposes farms reporting. 

acres . 

Under 3 acres farms reporting . 

3 or 4 acres farms reporting. 

5 to 10 acres farms reporting. 

11 to 15 acres farms reporting. 

16 to 19 acres farms reporting. 

20 to 24 acres farms reporting. 

25 to 49 acres farms reporting. 

50 to 74 acres farms reporting. 

75 to 99 acres farms reporting.. 

100 to 149 acres farms reporting. 

150 to 199 acres farms reporting. 

200 to 249 acres farms reporting. 

250 to 299 acres farms reporting. 

300 to 399 acres farms reporting. 

400 to 499 acres farms reporting. 

500 acres and over farms reporting. 

By acres harvested for 

grain farms reporting. 

acres . 

Under 3 acres farms reporting. 

3 or 4 acres farms reporting. 

5 to 10 acres farms reporting. 

11 to 15 acres farms reporting. 

16 to 19 acres farms reporting. 

20 to 24 acres farms reporting. 

25 to 29 acres farms reporting. 

30 to 49 acres farms reporting. 

50 to 74 acres farms reporting. 

75 to 99 acres farms reporting. 

100 to 149 acres farms reporting. 

150 to 199 acres farms reporting. 

200 to 249 acres farms reporting. 

250 to 299 acres farms reporting. 

300 to 399 acres farms reporting. 

400 to 499 acres farms reporting. 

500 acres and over farms reporting. 

By quantity sold farms reporting. 

bushels. 

Under 25 bushels farms reporting. 

25 to 49 bushels farms reporting. 

50 to 99 bushels farms reporting. 

100 to 499 bushels farms reporting. 

500 to 999 bushels farms reporting. 

1,000 to 1,499 bushels farms reporting. 

1,500 to 1,999 bushels farms reporting, 

2,000 to 2,999 bushels farms reporting. 

3,000 to 4,999 bushels farms reporting. 

5,000 to 9,999 bushels farms reporting. 

10,000 bushels and over farms reporting. 



WHEAT 

By acres threshed or 

combined farms reporting. , 

acres. , 

Under 5 acres farms reporting . , 

5 to 9 acres farms reporting.. 

10 to 24 acres farms reporting. 

25 to 49 acres farms reporting. 

50 to 99 acres farms reporting.. 

100 to 199 acres farms reporting. 

200 acres and over farms reporting. 

By quantity harvested. .. .farms reporting, 
bushels . 

Under 25 bushels farms reporting. 

25 to 49 bushels. .. farms reporting. 

50 to 99 bushels farms reporting. 

100 to 499 bushels farms reporting. 

500 to 999 bushels farms reporting. 

1,000 to 1,499 bushels farms reporting. 

1,500 to 1,999 bushels farms reporting. 

2,000 to 2,999 bushels farms reporting. 

3,000 bushels and over farms reporting. 

By quantity sold farms reporting. 

bushels. 

Under 25 bushels farms reporting. 

25 to 49 bushels farms reporting. 

50 to 99 bushels farms reporting, 

100 to 499 bushels farms reporting. 

500 to 999 bushels farms reporting. 

1,000 to 1,499 bushels farms reporting. 

1,500 to 1,999 bushels farms reporting. 

2,000 to 2,999 bushels farms reporting. 

3,000 bushels and over farms reporting. 



OATS 

By acres threshed or 

combined farms reporting. 

acres . 

Under 5 acres farms reporting. 

5 to 9 acres farms reporting. 

10 to 24 acres farms reporting. 

25 acres and over farms reporting. 



4,989 
173,311 
170 
270 
836 
580 
243 
551 

1,354 
502 

212 

150 

52 

33 

9 

17 



4,948 
163,254 
155 
285 
895 
580 
243 
587 
339 
959 

474 

191 

129 

47 

33 

9 

17 

1 



3,146 

3,613,401 

10 

15 

55 

1,189 

735 

423 

227 

215 

175 

88 

14 



1,468 

33,298 

125 

285 

585 

346 

102 

19 

6 

1,468 

813,050 



759 
331 
136 



19 

1,258 

725,715 

10 

15 

50 

694 

281 

128 

39 

23 

18 



942 
9,681 

217 
281 
382 

62 



OATS — Continued 

By quantity harvested. .farms reporting, 
bushels. 

Under 25 bushels farms reporting. 

25 to 49 bushels farms reporting. 

50 to 99 bushels farms reporting. 

100 to 499 bushels farms reporting. 

500 to 999 bushels farms reporting, 

1,000 to 1,499 bushels farms reporting. 

1,500 bushels and over. .. .farms reporting. 

BARLEY 

By acres threshed or 

combined farms reporting. 

acres. 

Under 5 acres farms reporting. 

5 to 9 acres farms reporting. 

10 to 24 acres farms reporting. 

25 to 49 acres farms reporting. 

50 to 99 acres farms reporting. 

100 acres and over farms reporting. 

By quantity harvested. .farms reporting, 
bushels . 

Under 25 bushels farms reporting, 

25 to 49 bushels farms reporting. 

50 to 99 bushels farms reporting. 

100 to 499 bushels farms reporting. 

500 to 999 bushels farms reporting. 

1,000 to 1,499 bushels. .. .farms reporting. 
1,500 to 1,999 bushels.... farms reporting. 
2,000 bushels and over. ., .farms reporting. 

By quantity sold farms reporting. 

bushels. 

Under 25 bushels farms reporting. 

25 to 49 bushels farms reporting. 

50 to 99 bushels farms reporting. 

100 to 499 bushels farms reporting. 

500 to 999 bushels farms reporting. 

1,000 to 1,499 bushels.. . .farms reporting. 
1,500 to 1,999 bushels, . ..farms reporting. 
2,000 bushels and over. .. .farms reporting. 

RYE 

By acres threshed or 

combined farms reporting. 

acres. 

Under 5 acres farms reporting. 

5 to 9 acres farms reporting. 

10 to 24 acres farms reporting. 

25 to 49 acres farms reporting. 

50 acres and over farms reporting. 

By quantity harvested. .farms reporting, 
bushels . 

Under 25 bushels farms reporting. 

25 to 49 bushels farms reporting. 

50 to 99 bushels farms reporting. 

100 to 499 bushels farms reporting. 

500 to 999 bushels farms reporting. 

1,000 to 1,499 bushels.... farms reporting. 
1,500 bushels and over. .. .farms reporting. 

By quantity sold farms reporting. 

bushels . 

Under 25 bushels farms reporting. 

25 to 49 bushels farms reporting. 

50 to 99 bushels farms reporting, 

100 to 499 bushels farms reporting. 

500 to 999 bushels farms reporting. 

1,000 to 1,499 bushels, . ..farms reporting. 
1,500 bushels and over. ...farms reporting. 

SOYBEANS 

Soybeans for all 

purposes farms reporting. 

acres . 

Under 5 acres farms reporting. 

5 to 9 acres farms reporting. 

10 to 24 acres farms reporting. 

25 to 49 acres farms reporting. 

50 to 99 acres farms reporting. 

100 to 199 acres farms reporting. 

200 acres and over farms reporting. 

Soybeans harvested for 

beans farms reporting. 

acres. 

Under 5 acres farms reporting. 

5 to 9 acres farms reporting. 

10 to 24 acres farms reporting. 

25 to 49 acres farms reporting. 

50 to 99 acres farms reporting. 

100 to 199 acres farms reporting. 

200 acres and over farms reporting. 

By quantity harvested. .farms reporting. 
bushels. 

Under 25 bushels farms reporting. 

25 to 49 bushels farms reporting. 

50 to 99 bushels farms reporting. 

100 to 499 bushels farms reporting. 

500 to 999 bushels farms reporting. 

1,000 to 1,499 bushels.... farms reporting. 
1,500 to 1,999 bushels... .farms reporting. 
2,000 to 2,999 bushels. .. .farms reporting. 
3,000 bushels and over. .. .farms reporting. 



942 

376,939 
20 
30 
75 
549 
197 



987 

14,188 

185 

263 

411 

86 

30 

12 

987 

449,315 

5 

50 

110 

507 

239 

39 



281 

125,580 

20 
26 

160 
47 



957 

14, 305 
206 
228 

402 
87 
34 

957 
253,403 

50 
91 
177 
505 
107 
8 
19 

513 

167,192 

20 

15 
96 
284 
74 
16 



2,998 

84,785 

271 

515 

1,107 

656 

317 

97 

35 



2,672 

79,829 

167 

439 

1,028 

610 

303 

91 

34 

2,672 

1,430,985 

130 

77 

178 

1,415 

470 

192 

106 

49 

55 



SOYBEANS— Continued 

Soybeans cut for hay.... farms reporting. 
acres . 

Under 5 acres farms reporting. 

5 to 9 acres farms reporting. 

10 to 24 acres farms reporting. 

25 acres and over farms reporting. 

By quantity harvested. . .farms reporting. 
tons. 

Under 25 tons farms reporting. 

25 to 49 tons farms reporting. 

50 tons and over farms reporting. 



ALFALFA AND ALFALFA MIXTURES 

By acres cut for hay (and 

for dehydrating) farms reporting. 

acres . 

Under 5 acres farms reporting. 

5 to 9 acres farms reporting. 

10 to 24 acres farms reporting. 

25 to 49 acres farms reporting. 

50 acres and over farms reporting. 

By quantity harvested. . .farms reporting, 
tons. 

Under 25 tons farms reporting. 

25 to 49 tons farms reporting. 

50 to 99 tons farms reporting. 

100 tons and over farms reporting. 



CLOVER, TIMOTHY, AND MIXTURES OF 
CLOVER AND GRASSES 

By acres cut for hay.... farms reporting. 
«r acres . 

Under 5 acres farms reporting. 

5 to 9 acres farms reporting. 

10 to 24 acres farms reporting. 

25 to 49 acres farms reporting. 

50 to 99 acres farms reporting. 

100 acres and over farms reporting. 

By quantity harvested. . .farms reporting, 
tons. 

Under 25 tons farms reporting. 

25 to 49 tons farms reporting. 

50 to 99 tons farms reporting. 

100 tons and over farms reporting. 



LESPEDEZA HAY 

By acres cut for hay.... farms reporting. 
acres . 

Under 5 acres farms reporting. 

5 to 9 acres farms reporting. 

10 to 24 acres farms reporting. 

25 to 49 acres farms reporting. 

50 acres and over farms reporting. 

By quantity harvested. . .farms reporting. 
tons. 

Under 25 tons farms reporting. 

25 to 49 tons farms reporting. 

50 to 99 tons farms reporting. 

100 tons and over farms reporting. 



OTHER HAY 

By acres cut for hay.... farms reporting, 
acres . 

Under 5 acres farms reporting. 

5 to 9 acres farms reporting. 

10 to 24 acres farms reporting. 

25 acres and over farms reporting. 

By quantity harvested. . .farms reporting, 
tons. 

Under 25 tons farms reporting. 

25 tons and over farms reporting. 



GRASS SILAGE MADE FROM GRASSES, ALFALFA, 
CLOVER, OR SMALL GRAINS 

By acres cut for 

silage farms reporting. 

acres . 

Under 5 acres farms reporting. 

5 to 9 acres farms reporting. 

10 to 24 acres farms reporting. 

25 acres and over farms reporting. 

By quantity harvested. . .farms reporting, 
tons, green weight. 

Under 25 tons farms reporting. 

25 to 49 tons farms reporting. 

50 to 99 tons farms reporting. 

100 tons and over farms reporting. 



DELAWARE 



53 



State Table 17.-FARMS REPORTING BY SPECfflED ACRES, QUANTITY HARVESTED, AND QUANTITY SOLD FOR SPECfflED 

CROPS: CENSUS OF 1954-Continued 

[Data are based on reports for only a sample of farms. See text] 



State 
total 



State 

total 



State 

total 



IRISH POTATOES 

By acres harvested for home use 
or for sale farms reporting... 

acres 1 . . 

Under 0.5 acres farms reporting... 

0.5 to 0.9 acres farms reporting... 

1.0 to 2.4 acres farms reporting... 

2.5 to 4. 9 acres farms reporting... 

5.0 to 9.9 acres farms reporting... 

10.0 to 19.9 acres farms reporting... 

20.0 to 29.9 acres farms reporting... 

30.0 to 4.9.9 acres farms reporting... 

50.0 to 99.9 acres farms reporting... 

100 acres and over farms reporting... 



By quantity harvested.. 



Under 25 bushels 

25 to 4-9 bushels 

50 to 99 bushels 

100 to 499 bushels 

500 to 999 bushels 

1,000 to 1,499 bushels.. 
1,500 to 1,999 bushels.. 
2,000 to 2,999 bushels.. 
3,000 to 4,999 bushels.. 
5,000 to 9,999 bushels.. 
10,000 bushels and over. 



.farms reporting. 
t-isnels . 
.farms reporting, 
•farms reporting, 
.farms reporting, 
.farms reporting, 
.farms reporting, 
.farms reporting, 
.farms reporting, 
.farms reporting, 
.farms reporting, 
.farms reporting, 
.farms reporting. 



1,556 

7,045 

1,300 

76 

102 

6 

5 

2 

10 
15 

40 

1,556 
1,694,488 

1,260 
116 
71 
42 



SWEETP0TAT0ES 

By acres harvested for home use 

or for sale farms reporting.. 

acres 1 . 

Under 0.5 acres farms reporting., 

0.5 to 0.9 acres farms reporting., 

1.0 to 2.4 acres farms reporting., 

2.5 to 4.9 acres farms reporting.. 

5 acres and over farms reporting., 



By quantity harvested. . .farms reporting, 
bushels . 

Under 25 bushels farms reporting. 

25 to 49 bushels farms reporting. 

50 to 99 bushels farms reporting. 

100 bushels and over farms reporting. 



VEGETABLES HARVESTED FOR SALE 

(Other than Irish and sweet potatoes) 

By value of sales farms reporting.. 

dollars . . 

Under 25 dollars farms reporting.. 

25 to 49 dollars farms reporting.. 

50 to 99 dollars farms reporting.. 

100 to 499 dollars farms reporting.. 

500 to 999 dollars farms reporting.. 

1,000 to 1,499 dollars farms reporting.. 

1,500 to 1,999 dollars farms reporting.. 

2,000 to 2,999 dollars farms reporting.. 

3,000 to 4,999 dollars farms reporting.. 

5,000 to 9,999 dollars farms reporting.. 

10,000 dollars and over. ,. .farms reporting.. 



937 
250 

810 
45 

60 
10 
12 



937 

39,967 



1,366 
4,211,588 



250 
113 
70 

91 
103 

82 
100 



LAND IN BEARING AND N0NBEARING FRUIT 
ORCHARDS, GROVES, VINEYARDS, 
AND PLANTED NUT TREES 2 

By acres in orchard farms reporting. 

acres . 

Under 0.5 acres farms reporting. 

0.5 to 0.9 acres farms reporting. 

1.0 to 2.4 acres farms reporting. 

2.5 to 4.9 acres farms reporting. 

5.0 to 9.9 acres farms reporting. 

10 acres and over farms reporting. 

APPLES 2 
Any apples farms reporting. 

By trees not of bearing 

age farms reporting . 

number of trees. 

Under 5 trees farms reporting. 

5 to 9 trees farms reporting. 

10 to 24 trees farms reporting. 

25 to 49 trees farms reporting. 

50 to 99 trees farms reporting. 

100 trees and over farms reporting. 

By trees of bearing 

age farms reporting . 

number of trees. 

Under 25 trees farms reporting. 

25 to 49 trees farms reporting. 

50 to 99 trees farms reporting. 

100 to 499 trees farms reporting. 

500 trees and over farms reporting. 

By quantity harvested. . .farms reporting, 
bushels. 

Under 25 bushels farms reporting. 

25 to 49 bushels farms reporting. 

50 to 99 bushels farms reporting, 

100 to 499 bushels farms reporting. 

500 bushels and over farms reporting. 



196 
1,206 

10 
30 
95 
16 
17 
28 



77 
12,770 

5 
10 
30 

5 
10 
17 



155 

26,412 

105 

15 

15 

8 

12 

110 

157,360 

50 

15 

15 

11 

19 



1 Does not include acreage for farms with less than 20 bushels harvested. See text. 



^Does not include data for fa 



: with less than 20 trees or grapevines. See text. 



54 



STATISTICS FOR THE STATE 



State Table 18.-SAMPLING RELIABILITY OF ESTIMATED TOTALS FOR COUNTY, ECONOMIC AREA, 
AND STATE BY NUMBER OF FARMS REPORTING, BY LEVELS 



If the estimated number of 
farms reporting is — 


Then the chances are about 2 in 3 that the estimated total 
would differ from the results of a complete tabulation 
of the items for all farms by less than — 


If the estimated number of 
farms reporting is — 


Then the chances are about 2 in 3 that the estimated total 
would differ from the results of a complete tabulation 
of the items for all farms by less than — 




Level 

l 1 


Level 
2 


Level 
3 


Level 
4 


Level 


Level 
2 


Level 
3 


Level 
4 




Percent 
40 
28 
20 
13 
8.9 
6.3 
4.0 


Percent 
53 
37 
26 
17 
12 
8.4 
5.3 


Percent 

71 
50 
35 
22 
16 
11 
7.1 


Percent 
96 
68 
48 
30 
21 
15 
9.6 




Percent 

2.8 
2.0 
1.3 
0.9 
0.6 
0.4 


Percent 

3.7 
2.6 

1.7 
1.2 
0.8 
0.5 


Percent 
5.0 
3.5 
2.2 

1.6 
1.1 

0.7 


Percent 

6.8 






4.8 




25,000 


3.0 




2.1 






1.5 






1.0 













z Level 1 should be used in determining the sampling reliability of estimated number of farms and farms reporting. If the estimated number of farms or farms reporting consti- 
tutes more than 75 percent of all farms in the universe, a better approximation to the sampling reliability may be obtained by multiplying the percent given in the tables as 
follows: 

1. When the number of farms or farms reporting is 75 percent of all farms, multiply the percent error by 0.50. 

2. When the number of farms or farms reporting is 90 percent of all farms, multiply the percent error by 0.30. 

3. When the number of farms or farms reporting is 95 percent of all farms, multiply the percent error by 0.20. 



State Table 19.-INDICATED LEVEL OF SAMPLING RELIABILITY OF ESTIMATED COUNTY, ECONOMIC AREA, 

AND STATE TOTALS FOR SPECIFIED ITEMS 

fTo determine sampling reliability for an item, it is necessary to use this table to find out which of the 4 levels of sampling reliability given in State Table 18 to use. Reference 

is required also to the county, economic area, or State table in order to obtain the number of farms reporting] 



Level of sampling reliability for specified items by number of millt cows 



All commercial farms 



50 and more 



Dairy farms 



Milk cows number.. 

Whole milk sold pounds . . 

dollars.. 

Cream sold pounds of butterfat. . 

dollars.. 



Level of sampling reliability for specified items by number of chickens on hand 



All commercial farms 



Under 
400 



400 to 
799 



800 to 
1,599 



1,600 to 
3,199 



3,200 
and over 



Poultry farms 



Under 
400 



400 to 
799 



800 to 
1,599 



1,600 to 
3,199 



3,200 
and over 



Chickens on hand number.. 

Chickens sold number. . 

Chicken eggs sold dozens . . 

Chicken eggs sold, value of sales dollars.. 

Value of sales of other poultry products... dollars.. 



Note: Items whose level is indicated by an X may be approximated by using the level given for the State. 






DELAWARE 



55 



State Table 19.-INDICATED LEVEL OF SAMPLING RELIABILITY OF ESTIMATED COUNTY, ECONOMIC AREA, 

AND STATE TOTALS FOR SPECIFIED ITEMS-Continued 

PTo determine sampling reliability for an item, it is necessary to use this table to find out which of the 4 levels of sampling- reliability given in State Table 18 to use. Reference 

is required also to the county, economic area, or State table in order to obtain the number of farms reporting] 



(For definitions and explanations, see text) 



Tenure groups 



Pull 

owners 

and 

managers 



Part 
owners 



All 
tenants 



Economic -class groups 



I, II, 
and 

III 



IV 
and 

V 



VI 
and 
VII 



VIII 
and 

IX 



Type-of-farm groups 



Vegetable 

and 

fruit- 

and-nut 



Other 
field- 
crop 
and 
general — 
primarily 
crop 



Dairy 



Poultry 



Livestock, 
general — 
primarily 
livestock, 

and 
primarily 
crop and 
livestock 



Paras and for* characteristics: 

Land owned or managed by farm operators acres.. 

Land rented from others by farm operators acres.. 

Land rented to others by farm operators acres.. 

Cash rent paid by farm operators dollars.. 

Value of land and buildings per farm dollars.. 

Land is farms acres.. 

Cropland: Total, harvested, pastured, or other. .acres. . 

Woodland: Total, pastured or not pastured acres.. 

Total pastureland acres. . 

Total irrigated land, land in crops for erosion 

control, or cropland farmed on contour acres.. 

Coaaercial fertilizer: 

Commercial fertilizer purchased tons.. 

Acres on which commercial fertilizer applied acres.. 

Lime or liming material purchased tons.. 

Acres on which lime or liming material applied. . .acres. . 
Specified facilities and equipment: 

Grain combines, corn pickers, pick-up balers, 

feed forage harvesters number.. 

Artificial ponds, reservoirs, and earth tanks. . .number.. 

Motortrucks number.. 

Tractors: Total, wheel, garden, or crawler number.. 

Automobiles number. , 

Fara labor: 

Total hired workers and unpaid family workers. .persons.. 
Hired workers: 

Regular persons., 

Seasonal persons . , 

Paid on daily basis persons.. 

Specified fara expendi tores: 

Machine hire and/or hired labor dollars., 

Feed for livestock and poultry dollars., 

Gasoline and other petroleum fuel and oil dollars., 

Commercial fertilizer purchased dollars. , 

Livestock and livestock products: 

Horses and/or mules number. , 

Cattle and calves number.. 

Cows including heifers that have calved number.. 

Milk cows number. , 

Hogs and pigs number., 

Sheep and lambs .number. , 

Chickens, 4 months old and over, on hand number.. 

Cattle and calves sold number. 

Hogs and pigs sold number. 

Sheep shorn pounds of wool.. 

Whole milk sold pounds. 

Cream sold pounds of butterfat. 

Chickens sold number. 

Chicken eggs sold dozens. 

Value of products sold by source: 

Hogs and piga sold dollars. 

Whole milk sold dollars. 

Cream sold dollars. 

Chicken eggs sold dollars. 

Other poultry and poultry products sold.. ......dollars. 

Forest products sold dollars. 

Specified crops harvested: 

Corn for all purposes acres . . 

Corn harvested for grain acres.. 

bushels harvested.. 
bushels sold.. 

Wheat threshed or combined acres.. 

bushels harvested., 
bushels sold.. 



Barley threshed or combined. 



acres. . 

bushels harvested.. 
bushels sold.. 

Soybeans harvested for beans acres . . 

bushels harvested.. 

Clover hay acres.. 

tons harvested... 



2 


2 


2 


2 


2 


3 


. 


2 


2 


3 


2 


3 


2 


2 


3 


3 


2 


3 


2 


2 


2 


2 


2 


2 


3 


3 


3 


3 


1 


1 


1 


1 


1 


1 


1 


1 



2 2 

3 3 
3 2 

3 i 

4 3 
2 3 

a 2 

2 2 

3 2 
3 2 
3 2 

2 2 
X x 

3 3 
2 3 
2 2 



2 2 

2 2 

2 2 

3 3 

2 2 

2 2 

2 2 



whose level le Indicated by an X may be approxljnated by uaing the level given for the State, 



Chapter B 
STATISTICS FOR COUNTIES 

(57) 



DELAWARE 

Counties, County Seats, and Rivers 



38 _ 
30 




39_ 
30 



38 
30 



60 



STATISTICS FOR COUNTIES 



County Table 1. -FARMS, ACREAGE, VALUE, AND FARM OPERATORS: CENSUSES OF 1954 AND 1950 

[Data for items shown in italics are based on reports for only a sample of farms. See text] 



(For definitions and explanations, see text) 



FARMS, ACREAGE, AND VALUE 

Farms number 1954.. . 

1950... 

Approximate land area acres 1954... 

Proportion in farms percent 1954... 

Land ouned by farm operators acres 1954... 

Land rented from others by farm operators. .. .acres 1954... 

Land managed by farm operators ocres 1954. . . 

Land rented to others by farm operators 

(see text) acres 195i... 

Land in farms acres 1954... 

1950... 

Average size of farm acres 1954... 

1950. . . 
Value of land and buildings: 

Average per farm dollars 1954... 

1950... 

Average per acre dollars 1954... 

1950... 
Proportion of farms reporting value percent 1954... 

Land in faras according to uae: 

Cropland harvested farms reporting 1954... 

1949. . . 

acres 1954. . . 

1949... 

1 to 9 acres farms reporting 1954... 

1949... 
10 to 19 acres farms reporting 1954... 

1949... 
20 to 29 acres farms reporting 1954... 

1949... 
30 to 49 acres farms reporting 1954... 

1949... 
50 to 99 acres farms reporting 1954... 

1949... 
100 to 199 acres farms reporting 1954... 

1949... 
200 acres and over farms reporting 1954... 

1949. . . 

Cropland used only for pasture .. farms reporting 1954... 

1949... 
acres 1954... 
1949... 
Cropland not harvested and not 

pastured farms reporting 1954. . . 

1949... 

acres 1954... 

1949... 

Cropland used only for crops not 

harvested and not pastured .. farms reporting 1954... 

acres 1954. . . 

Cropland lying idle farms reporting 1954... 

acres 1954. .. 

Woodland pastured farms reporting 1954. . . 

1949. . . 

acres 1954. . . 

1949... 

Woodland not pastured farms reporting 1954... 

1949... 
acres 1954... 
1949 . . . 
Other pasture (not cropland and 

not woodland ) farms reporting 1954. . . 

1949... 

acres 1954. . . 

1949. . . 

Improved (see text) farms reporting 1954... 

acres 1954. .. 
Other land (house lots, roads, 

wasteland, etc.^ farms reporting 1954... 

1949... 

acres 1954... 

1949... 

Cropland, total farms reporting 1954. . . 

1949... 

acres 1954... 

1949... 

Land pastured, total farms reporting 1954... 

1949... 

acres 1954... 

1949... 

Woodland, total farms reporting 1954... 

1949... 

acres 1954. . . 

1949... 

Irrigated land in farms farms reporting 1954... 

1949 . . . 
acres 1954... 

81 1949... 

82 Cover crops turned under and land 
planted to another crop farms reporting 1954.. 

83 acres 1954.. 

84 Cropland used for row or grain crops 
farmed on contour farms reporting 1954... 

acres 1954. 



FARM OPERATORS 

Residing on farm operated operators reporting 1954... 

1950.. 

Not residing on farm operated. .operators reporting 1954... 
89 1950. . . 



6,297 

7,448 

1,265,920 

64.3 

588,027 

198,243 

51,507 

23,303 

81/4,316 

851,291 

129.3 

114.3 

18,630 
12,569 
152.88 
114.11 
73 



5,512 

6,448 

412,295 

389,283 

765 

1,163 

597 

838 

584 

697 

935 

1,126 

1,371 

1,484 

879 

865 

381 

275 

2,871 
3,662 
63,860 
72,051 

1,631 

2,974 

38,379 

73, 836 

393 

7,252 

1,344 

31,127 

533 

499 

22,884 

10,776 

3,966 

4,822 

192,009 

206, 077 

936 

1,283 

26,029 

28, 178 

273 

5,782 

5,913 

6,932 

58,860 

71,090 

5,832 

6,863 

514,534 

535,170 

3,686 

4,521 

112,773 

111,005 

4,317 

5,054 

214,893 

216,853 

81 

10 

5,553 

404 



1,277 
55,848 



58 
3,287 



5,715 

6,748 

379 

337 



1,938 
2,169 

69.6 

187,590 

75,959 

2,975 

10,123 

264,924 

281,798 

136.7 

129.9 

16,333 

10, 585 

129.17 

82.67 

70 



1,730 

1,987 

136,418 

129,482 

219 
299 

174 
234 
166 
200 
260 
319 
440 
525 
343 
316 
128 
94 

1,159 

1,368 

28,201 

32,004 

580 

900 

13,250 

23,169 

135 

2,839 

485 

10,411 

179 

178 

4,959 

2,942 

1,262 

1,480 

57,222 

63,772 

253 

449 

6,227 

9,430 

57 

1,078 

1,830 

1,928 

18,647 

20,999 

1,846 

2,086 

177,869 

184,655 

1,340 

1,623 

39,387 

44,376 

1,388 

1,550 

62, 181 

66,714 

41 

5 

3,394 

390 

446 
18,099 



12 
922 



1,772 

2,047 
95 
60 



1,130 
1,382 

60.1 

89,060 
55,505 
24,192 

4,520 

168,082 

179,154 

148.7 

129.6 

35,540 
25,190 
275.12 
204.88 
67 



949 

1,199 

75,993 

78,773 

170 

280 

85 

108 

62 

86 

114 

L49 

232 

286 

208 

230 

78 

* 

503 

706 

18,351 

23,182 

419 

485 

13,483 

15,309 

71 

1,435 

376 

12,048 

112 

139 

3,200 

3,058 

607 

706 

19,967 

23,051 

392 

447 
14,553 
12,238 

118 
3,501 

1,063 

1,312 

22,535 

23,543 

1,054 

1,284 

107,827 

117,264 

789 

994 

36,104 

38,478 

663 

785 

23,167 

26,109 

14 



106 
4,737 



28 

l,..'-« 



1,027 
1,177 



3,229 

3,897 

605,440 

63.0 

311,377 
66,779 
24,340 

8,660 

381,310 

390,339 

118.1 

100.2 

14,696 
9,443 

125.42 

98.75 

76 



2,833 

3,262 

199, 884 

181,028 

376 
584 
338 
496 
356 
411 
561 
658 
699 
673 
328 
319 
175 
121 

1,209 

1,588 

17,308 

16,865 

632 

1,589 

11,646 

35,358 

187 

2,978 

483 

8,668 

242 

182 

14,725 

4,776 

2,097 

2,636 

114,820 

119,254 

291 

387 

5,249 

6,510 

98 

1,203 

3,020 

3,692 

17, 678 

26, 548 

2,932 

3,493 

228,838 

233,251 

1,557 

1,904 

37,282 

28,151 

2,266 

2,719 

129,545 

124,030 

26 

1 

1,291 

5 

725 
33,012 



18 
669 



2,916 

3,524 

212 

218 



DELAWARE 

County Table 2. -FARMS BY COLOR AND TENURE OF OPERATOR: CENSUSES OF 1954 AND 1950 



61 



(For definitions and explanations, see text) 



FARMS BY COLOR AND TENURE OF OPERATOR 

All farms number 1954 . . 

1950.. 

All land in farms acres 1954 . . 

1950.. 

Total cropland harvested acres 1954.. 

1949.. 

Faras by color of operator: 

White operators number 1954 . . 

1950.. 

Nonwhite operators number 1954 . . 

1950 . . 

Farias by tenure of operator: 

Full owners number 1954.. 

1950.. 

Part owners number 1954 . . 

1950 . . 

Managers number 1954 . . 

1950.. 

All tenants number 1954 . . 

1950 . . 

Proportion of tenancy percent 1954. . 

1950.. 

Cash tenants number 1954 . . 

1950.. 
Share-cash tenants number 1954.. 

1950.. 
Share tenants number 1954 . . 

1950.. 

Crop-share tenants number 1954 . . 

1950.. 
Livestock-share tenants number 1954 . . 

1950.. 

Croppers number 1954 . . 

1950.. 

Other and unspecified tenants number 1954.. 

1950 . . 

Other tenants number 1954 . . 

1950.. 
Unspecified tenants number 1954.. 

1950.. 

Land in fans by tenure of operator: 

Full owners acres 1954 . . 

1950 . . 
Part owners acres 1954 . . 

1950.. 
Managers acres 1954 . . 

1950.. 

All tenants acres 1954.. 

1950 . . 
Cash tenants acres 1954 . . 

1950.. 
Share-cash tenants acres 1954 . . 

1950.. 

Share tenants acres 1954.. 

1950.. 
Crop-share tenants acres 1954 . . 

1950.. 
Livestock-share tenants acres 1954 . . 

1950.. 

Croppers acres 1954 . . 

1950.. 
Other and unspecified tenants acres 1954.. 

1950.. 

Cropland harvested by tenure of operator: 

Full owners farms reporting 1954 . . 

1949.. 

acres 1954. . 

1949.. 

Part owners farms reporting 1954 . . 

1949.. 

acres 1954.. 

1949.. 

Managers farms reporting 1954 . . 

1949 . . 

acres 1954. . 

1949.. 

All tenants farms reporting 1954 . , 

1949. 

acres 1954. 

1949. 

Croppers farms reporting 1954 . 

1949. 

acres 1954 . 

1949. 



6,297 
7,448 

814,316 
851,291 
412,295 
389,283 



6,053 
7,056 



244 
392 



4,345 
5,194 

1,055 

917 

62 
72 

835 
1,265 

13.3 
17.0 

124 
199 
32 
33 
421 
671 

378 
626 
43 
45 

51 
73 

207 
289 

59 

57 

148 

232 



434,047 
467,101 
211,607 
158,535 
41,863 
37,548 

126,799 

188,107 

12,128 

19,178 

6,081 

5,670 

80,150 

121,972 

72,061 

113,795 

8,089 

8,177 

4,488 

8,990 

23,952 

32,297 

3,677 

4,309 

196,946 

189,499 

1,043 

907 

127,133 

91,575 

46 

53 

16,172 

15,509 

746 

1,179 

72,044 

92,700 

32 

69 

2,797 

4,853 



1,938 

2,169 

264,924 
281,798 
136,418 
129,482 



1,860 
2,042 



78 

127 



1,338 
1,457 

289 
217 

6 
9 

305 
486 
15.7 
22.4 

32 
71 
12 
14 
189 
284 

176 

266 

13 

18 

10 
28 

62 

89 

15 
14 
47 
75 



146,091 

148, 869 

62,848 

43,363 

1,910 

6,050 

54,075 
83,516 
3,081 
7,497 
3,173 
2,982 

38,522 
55,961 
35,956 
51,977 
2,566 
3,984 

2,234 
4,074 
7,065 
13,002 



1,147 

1,303 

66, 955 

62,440 

287 

215 

37, 888 

23,868 



1,079 
3,617 

290 

460 

30,496 

39,557 



27 
1,390 
1,933 



1,130 
1,382 

168,082 
179,154 
75,993 
78,773 



1,102 
1,348 



755 
958 

112 
96 

25 
21 

238 

307 

21.1 

22.2 

56 

69 

7 

5 

106 

141 

90 

131 

16 

10 

4 
11 

65 

81 

15 

9 

50 

72 



83,475 
100,226 
22,964 
15,033 
14,819 
8,838 

46,824 
55,057 
7,355 
7,503 
1,262 
1,159 

25,371 
33,333 
21,483 
30,994 
3,888 
2,339 

492 

1.572 

12,344 

11,490 



596 

798 

34,794 

39,746 

109 

94 

12,492 

8,075 

23 

20 

3,819 

2,590 

221 

287 

24,888 

28,362 

4 

10 

308 

899 



3,229 
3,897 

381,310 
390,339 
199, 884 
181,028 



3,091 
3,666 



138 
231 



2,252 
2,779 

654 
604 

31 
42 

292 

472 

9.0 

12.1 

36 
59 
13 
14 
126 
246 

112 

229 

14 

17 

37 
34 

80 
119 

29 
34 

51 
85 



204,481 
218,006 
125,795 
100,139 
25,134 
22,660 

25,900 
49, 534 
1,692 
4,178 
1,646 
1,529 

16,257 
32,678 
14,622 
30,824 
1,635 
1,854 

1,762 
3,344 
4,543 
7,805 



1,934 
2,208 
95,197 
87,313 

647 

598 

76,753 

59,632 

17 

24 

11,274 

9,302 

235 

432 
16,660 
24,781 

19 

32 

1,099 

2,021 



62 



STATISTICS FOR COUNTIES 

County Table 2a —FARMS BY TENURE, BY COLOR OF OPERATOR: CENSUS OF 1954 



Item 
(For definitions and explanations, see text) 



Farns, 1954. operated by- 
White operators number. 

Full owners number . 

Part owners number . 

Managers number . 

All tenants number . 

Croppers number . 

Nonwhite operators number . 

Full owners number. 

Part owners number . 

Managers number . 

All tenants number. 

Croppers number. 

Land in farns, 1954. operated by- 
White operators acres. 

Full owners acres. 

Part owners acres . 

Managers acres. 

All tenants acres . 

Croppers acres . 

Nonwhite operators acres. 

Full owners acres . 

Part owners acres . 

Managers acres . 

All tenants acres . 

Croppers acres. 

Cropland harvested, 1954. in farns operated by- 
White operators farms reporting. 

acres . 

Full owners farms reporting . 

acres . 

Part owners farms reporting. 

acres . 

Managers farms reporting. 

acres. 

All tenants farms reporting. 

acres. 

Croppers farms reporting. 

acres. 

Nonwhite operators farms reporting. 

acres. 

Full owners farms reporting . 

acres. 

Part owners farms reporting . 

acres. 

Managers farms reporting. 

acres. 

All tenants farms reporting. 

acres. 

Croppers farms reporting. 

acres. 



6,053 

4,186 

1,014 

62 

791 

45 

244 

159 

41 

44 



800, 865 

427,336 

208,214 

41,863 

123,452 

4,320 

13,451 

6,711 

3,393 

3,347 
168 

5,295 

405,302 

3,539 

194,092 

1,002 

124,738 

46 

16, 172 

708 

70,300 

29 

2,663 

217 

6,993 

138 

2,854 

41 

2,395 



38 

1,744 

3 

134 



1,860 

1,286 

278 

6 

290 

10 

78 

52 

11 

15 



260,115 

143,910 

61,626 

1,910 

52,669 

2,234 

4,809 

2,181 

1,222 

1,406 



1,662 

134,158 

1,104 

66,078 

276 

37,094 

6 

1,079 

276 

29,907 

9 

1,390 

68 

2,260 

43 

877 

11 

794 



1,102 

736 

111 

25 

230 

4 

28 

19 

1 



166,600 

82,823 

22,887 

14,819 

46,071 

492 

1,482 

652 

77 



926 

75,346 

582 

34,589 

108 

12,451 

23 

3,819 

213 

24,487 

4 

308 

23 

647 

205 

1 

41 



3,091 

2,164 

625 

31 

271 

31 

138 

88 

29 

21 
6 

374,150 

200, 603 

123,701 

25,134 

24,712 

1,594 

7,160 

3,878 

2,094 

1,188 
168 

2,707 

195,798 

1,853 

93,425 

618 

75,193 

17 

11,274 

219 

15,906 

16 

965 

126 

4,086 

81 

1,772 

29 

1,560 



16 

754 

3 

134 



DELAWARE 



63 



County Table 3. -FARMS BY SIZE OF FARM AND BY TYPE OF FARM: CENSUSES OF 1954 AND 1950 

LDsta for items shown in italics are based on reports for only a sample of farms. See text] 



Item 
(For definitions and explanations, see text) 



FARMS BY SIZE OF FARM 

Faras by size: 

All farms number 1954. 

Under 10 acres number 1954. 

1950. 
Under 3 acres number 1954 . 

1950. 
3 to 9 acres number 1954. 

1950. 

10 to 29 acres number 1954. 

1950. 
30 to 49 acres number 1954 . 

1950. 
50 to 69 acres number 1954. 

1950. 
70 to 99 acres number 1954. 

1950. 

100 to 139 acres number 1954. 

1950. 
140 to 179 acres number 1954. 

1950. 
180 to 219 acres number 1954. 

1950. 

220 to 259 acres number 1954. 

1950. 
260 to 499 acres number 1954. 

1950. 
500 to 999 acres number 1954. 

1950. 
1,000 acres and over number 1954. 

1950. 
Land in farns by size of fara: 

All land in farms acres 1954. 

1950. 

Under 10 acres acres 1954 . 

1950. 
10 to 29 acres acres 1954. 

1950. 
30 to 49 acres acres 1954. 

1950. 
50 to 69 acres acres 1954. 

1950. 

70 to 99 acres ^cres 1954. 

1950. 
100 to 139 acres acres 1954. 

1950. 
140 to 179 acres acres 1954.. 

1950.. 
180 to 219 acres acres 1954. 

1950. 

220 to 259 acres acres 1954. 

'1950. . 
260 to 499 acres acres 1954. , 

1950.. 
500 to 999 acres acres 1954., 

1950.. 
1,000 acres and over acres 1954. 

1950., 

FARMS BY TYPE OF FARM 

Estimated number of farms 195i. 

1950. 

Field-crop farns other than vegetable 

and fruit- and- nut number 1954. . 

1950.. 

Cash-grain number 1954.. 

1950.. 

Cotton number 1954. . 

1950.. 

Other field-crop number 1954.. 

1950.. 

veie table farms number 1954. . 

1950.. 
Prull-and-nut farms number 1954.. 

1950.. 

Dairy farms number 1954. . 

1950. . 
Poultry farms number 1954.. 

1950.. 

Livestock farms other than dairy and 

poultry number 1954. . 

1950.. 

General farms number 1954.. 

1950.. 
Primarily crop number 1954.. 

1950.. 
Primarily livestock number 1954.. 

1950.. 
Crop and livestock number 1954.. 

1950.. 

Ktscellaneous and unclassified farms number 1954.. 

1950.. 



6,297 

691 
873 
178 
246 
513 
627 

850 
1,073 
709 
875 
597 
756 
747 
905 

778 
937 
556 
659 
396 
449 

252 
255 
534 
503 

148 
127 
39 
36 

814,316 
851,291 

2,946 
3,911 
15,978 
20,208 
27,417 
34,045 
34,698 
44,390 

61,964 
75,240 
90,572 

108,904 
87,281 

103,399 
78,378 
88,701 

60,032 
60,696 
180,443 
170,435 
97,507 
82,701 
77,100 
58,661 



6,291 
7,448 



1,207 
649 

1,152 
639 



55 

10 

218 

316 

26 

24 

916 
1,212 
1,915 
2,456 



224 
262 

390 
608 
121 
118 
41 
129 
228 
361 

1,395 
1,921 



153 
158 

27 
27 
126 
131 

219 
256 
191 
208 
153 
198 
230 
272 

261 
333 
236 
241 
155 
161 

79 

96 

214 

200 

41 

40 

6 

6 

264,924 
281,798 

729 
947 
4,013 
4,904 
7,314 
7,998 
8,819 
11,582 

19,326 
22,775 
30,565 
38,715 
37,146 
38,022 
30,732 
31,876 

18,839 
22,722 
72,515 
67,490 
25,940 
26,560 
8,986 
8,207 



1,897 
2,169 



394 
153 
349 
143 



415 
575 
277 
460 



55 
84 

181 

261 

50 

16 

20 

73 

111 

172 

485 

539 



122 
177 
28 
34 
94 
143 

163 

213 
86 

106 
58 
84 
92 

122 

142 
178 
111 
150 
107 
119 

72 

69 

132 

127 

38 

29 

7 



168,082 
179,154 

535 
807 
2,922 
3,674 
3,342 
4,116 
3,477 
5,067 

7,566 
10,174 
16,260 
20,716 
17,614 
23,502 
20,986 
23,398 

17,118 
16,397 
43,485 
42,325 
25,415 
18,234 
9,362 
10,744 



1,132 
1,382 



111 
79 

101 
79 



15 

45 

10 

5 

431 
503 
115 
146 



84 
61 

51 
101 
25 
23 
6 
14 
20 
64 

315 
442 



416 
538 

123 
185 
293 
353 

468 
604 
432 
561 
386 
474 
425 
511 

375 
426 
209 
268 

134 
169 

101 
90 
188 
176 
69 
58 
26 
22 

381,310 
390,339 

1,682 
2,157 
9,043 
11,630 
16,761 
21,931 
22,402 
27,741 

35,072 
42,291 
43,747 
49,473 
32,521 
41,875 
26,660 
33,427 

24,075 
21,577 
64,443 
60,620 
46,152 
37,907 
58,752 
39,710 



3,262 
3,897 



702 
417 
702 
417 



128 
182 

1 
11 

70 

134 

1,523 

1,850 



85 

117 

158 
246 
46 
79 
15 
42 
97 
125 

595 

940 



(4 



STATISTICS FOR COUNTIES 

County Table 4.-VALUE OF FARM PRODUCTS SOLD BY SOURCE: CENSUSES OF 1954 AND 1950 





Item 
(For definitions and explanations, see text) 


The State 


Kent 


New Castle 


Sussex 


1 




6,297 

7,448 


1,938 
2,169 


1,130 
1,382 


3,229 


2 


1950... 


3,897 




VALUE OF PRODUCTS SOLD BY SOURCE 










3 




81,564,849 


14,900,173 


8,765,745 


57,898,931 


4 


1949... 


76,227,871 


11,949,426 


7,809,440 


56,469,005 


5 
6 




22,794,691 
12,091,418 


7,399,860 
3,205,348 


3,641,559 
2,395,428 


11,753,272 


1949... 


6,490,642 


7 


Field crops, other than vegetables and 


13,514,965 


5,016,379 


1,970,179 


6,528,407 


S 


1949... 


5,636,315 


1,863,761 


1,322,112 


2,450,442 


9 




5,478,374 


1,813,651 


453,162 


3,211,561 


LO 


1949... 


3,571,883 


852,162 


287,575 


2,432,146 


11 




996,926 


492,470 


31,112 


473,344 


12 


1949... 


1,010,909 


388,180 


46,580 


576,149 


13 




2,804,426 


77,360 


1,187,106 


1,539,960 


14 


1949... 


1,872,311 


101,245 


739,161 


1,031,905 


15 


All livestock and livestock products 


58,565,772 
63,983,302 


7,483,873 
8,725,369 


5,119,811 
5,397,421 


45,962,088 


16 


1949... 


49,860,512 


17 




6,965,369 


2,813,218 


3,081,584 


1,070,567 


18 


1949 . . . 


6,811,556 


2,828,182 


2,907,301 


1,076,073 


19 


Poultry and poultry products sold dollars 1954... 


48,571,789 


3,805,016 


1,193,660 


43,573,113 


20 


1949... 


54,401,220 


5,019,074 


1,584,469 


47,797,677 


21 


Livestock and livestock products, other 


3,028,614 


865,639 


844^67 


1,318,408 


22 


1949... 


2,770,526 


878,113 


905,651 


986,762 


23 




204,386 


16,440 


4,375 


183,571 


24 


1949 . . . 


153,151 


18,709 


16,591 


117,851 



DELAWARE 65 

County Table 5. -FARMS BY ECONOMIC CLASS, BY CLASS OF WORK POWER, OFF-FARM WORK AND OTHER INCOME, AND 

FACILITIES AND EQUffMENT: CENSUSES OF 1954 AND 1950 

[Data are based on reports for only a sample of farms. See text] 



(For definitions and explanations, see text) 



New Castle 



Estimated number of farms 1954 . . . 

1950... 

FARMS BY ECONOMIC CLASS 

Commercial farms number 1954. . 

1950.. 
Class I number 1954 . . 

1950. . 
Class II number 1954 . . 

1950.. 
Class III number 1954 . . 

1950.. 
Class IV number 1954 . . 

1950.. 
Class V number 1954. . 

1950.. 
Class VI number 1954. . 

1950.. 
Other farms number 1954 . . 

1950.. 
Part-time number 1954. . 

1950 . . 
Residential number 1954. . 

1950.. 
Abnormal number 1954 . . 

1950.. 

FARMS BY CLASS OF WORK POWER 

No tractor, horses, or mules farms reporting 1954... 

No tractor and only 1 horse or 

mule farms reporting 1954 . . . 

No tractor and 2 or more horses 

and/or mules farms reporting 1954 . . . 

Tractor and horses and/or mules .... farms reporting 1954... 

Tractor and no horses or mules farms reporting 1954... 

SPECIFIED FACILITIES AND EQUIPMENT 

Telephone farms reporting 1954 . . . 

1950... 
Elec tricity farms reporting 1954 . . . 

1950... 

Television set farms reporting 1954. . . 

Piped running water farms reporting 1954. . . 

Home freezer farms reporting 1954 . . . 

1950... 

Electric pig brooder farms reporting 1954. . . 

Power feed grinder farms reporting 1954 . . . 

MiLking machine farms reporting 1954... 

1950... 
Grain combines farms reporting 1954 . . . 

1950... 
number 1954. . . 

1950... 
Corn pickers farms reporting 1954 .. . 

1950... 
number 1954 . . . 

1950... 

Pick-up hay balers farms reporting 1954 . . . 

1950... 

number 1954. . . 

1950... 

Field forage harvesters farms reporting 1954... 

number 1954 . . . 
Artificial ponds, reservoirs, and 

earth tanks farms reporting 1954 . . . 

number 1954. .. 

Motortrucks farms reporting 1954. . . 

1950 .. . 

number 1954 . . . 

1950.;. 

Tractors farms reporting 1954. . . 

1950... 
number 1954. .. 
1950... 
Wheel tractors other than 

garden farms reporting 1954. . . 

1950... 

number 1954 . . . 

1950... 

Garden tractors farms reporting 1954 .. . 

1950... 

number 1954 .. . 

1950. . . 

Crawler tractors farms reporting 1954... 

1950... 

number 1954.. . 

1950... 

Automobiles farms reporting 1954... 

1950... 

number 1954 . . . 

1950... 

OFF-FARM WORK AND OTHER INCOME 
Farm operators — 

With other income of family exceeding value 

of farm products sold operators reporting 1954... 

1949... 
Working off their farms, 

total operators reporting 1954 .. . 

1949 . . . 

100 or more days operators reporting 1954... 

1949... 



6,291 
7,448 



5,005 

5,554 

676 

674 

1,289 

1,302 

1,045 

1,022 

910 

951 

745 

798 

340 

807 

1,286 

1,894 

580 

698 

705 

1,189 



1,282 



188 
1,461 
3,076 



5,300 
4,990 
5,993 
6,112 
3,785 
5,375 
3,279 
1,598 
67 

587 
1,129 
1,053 
1,603 
1,082 
1,671 
1,142 
1,784 

643 
1,858 

649 

693 
400 
695 
405 
281 
282 

151 
234 
3,786 
3,240 
5,191 
4,059 
4,828 
4,046 
8,904 
6,130 

4,530 

3,765 

7,668 

5,460 

1,042 

528 

1,078 

539' 

110 

125 

158 

131 

5,198 

5,418 

7,055 

7,063 



1,889. 
1,949 

2,438 
2,755 
1,805 
1,902 



1,897 
2,169 



1,427 
1,630 
109 
96 
258 
251 
360 
317 
325 
416 
285 
338 
90 
212 
470 
539 
205 
217 
265 
322 



317 

100 

70 
557 
853 



1,471 

1,306 

1,732 

1,666 

1,145 

1,521 

880 

417 

16 

220 

507 

491 

579 

359 

593 

364 

577 

218 

588 

223 

198 
121 
198 
121 
61 
61 

36 
36 

1,065 
858 
1,409 
1,062 
1,496 
1,269 
2,855 
1,947 

1,410 

1,214 

2,482 

1,800 

317 

115 

328 

115 

40 

32 

45 

32 

1,417 

1,530 

1,695 

1,836 



561 
524 

723 
774 
505 
486 



1,132 
1,382 



887 
965 

84 

29 
238 
232 
255 
315 
185 
161 

85 
123 

40 
105 
245 
417 

75 
145 
170 
272 



175 
25 



243 
673 



1 , 

1,076 

1,107 

1,262 

906 

1,037 

706 

360 

11 

131 

418 

437 

363 

223 

378 

243 

299 

143 

304 

143 

340 
139 
341 
144 
156 
157 

89 

166 

796 

732 

1,060 

883 

991 

933 

2,137 

1,518 

916 

868 

1,740 

1,284 

363 

208 

386 

208 

11 

26 

11 

26 

974 

1,083 

1,564 

1,643 



345 
335 

385 
507 
270 
416 



3,262 

3,897 



2,691 
2,959 
483 
549 
793 
819 
430 
390 
400 
374 
375 
337 
210 
490 
57] 
938 
300 
336 
270 
595 
1 
7 



790 

159 

102 

661 

1,550 



2,822 

2,608 

3,154 

3,184 

1,734 

2,817 

1,693 

821 

40 

236 

204 

125 

661 

500 

700 

535 

908 

282 

966 

283 

155 

140 
156 
140 
64 
64 

26 
32 
1,925 
1,650 
2,722 
2,114 
2,341 
1,844 
3,912 
2,665 

2,204 

1,683 

3,446 

2,376 

362 

205 

364 

216 

59 

67 

102 

73 

2,807 

2,805 

3,796 

3,584 



983 
1,090 

1,330 
1,474 
1,030 
1,000 



66 



STATISTICS FOR COUNTIES 



County Table 6. -FARM LABOR AND SPECIFIED FARM EXPENDITURES: CENSUSES OF 1954 AND 1950; AND USE OF 

COMMERCIAL FERTILIZER: CENSUS OF 1954 

[Data are based on reports for only a samp] e of farms . See text] 



Item 
(For definitions and explanations, see text) 



Estimated number of farms 1954... 

1950... 



Week of October 24-3(1: ' 

Family and/or hired workers farms reporting 

persons 

Family workers, including 
operator farms reporting 

Operators working 1 or more 
hours persons 

1 to 14 hours persons 

15 or more hours persons 

Unpaid members of operator's 
family farms reporting 

persons 

Hired workers farms reporting 

persons 

Regular workers (employed 150 

or more days ) farms reporting 

persons 
Seasonal workers (employed less 

than 150 days) farms reporting 

persons 



1954. 
1950. 
1954. 
1950. 

1954. 

1950. 

1954. 
1950. 
19"*. 
1954. 

1954. 
1950. 
1954. 
1950. 
1954. 
1950. 
1954. 
1950. 

1954. 
1954. 

1954. 
1954. 



SPECIFIED FARM EXPENDITURES 

Specified farm expenditures 2 farms reporting 1954. 

1949. 

Machine hire and/or hired 

labor farms reporting 1954 . 

1949. 

Machine hire farms reporting 1954 . 

1949. 

dollars 1954. 

1949. 

Hired labor farms reporting 1954. 

1949. 
dollars 1954. 

1949. 

$1 to $99 farms reporting 1954 . 

$100 to $199 farms reporting 1954. 

$200 to $499 farms reporting 1954. 

$500 to $999 farms reporting 1954. 

$1,000 to $2,499 farms reporting 1954. 

$2,500 and over farms reporting 1954. 



Feed for livestock and poultry. 



farms reporting 1954. 

1949. 

dollars 1954. 

1949. 



Gasoline and other petroleum fuel 

and oil farms reporting 1954 . 

1949. 

dollars 1954. 

1949. 

Commercial fertilizer farms reporting 1954. 

dollars 1954. 

tons 1954. 

acres on which used 1954. 

Lime and liming materials farms reporting 1954. 

tons 1954. 

dollars 1954. 

acres limed 1954. 

USE OF COMMERCIAL FERTILIZER 

Crops on which coaaercial fertilizer vas used, 19S4: 

Hay and cropland pasture farms reporting. 

tons, 
acres on which used. 

Other pasture farms reporting. 

tons, 
acres on which used. 

Corn farms reporting. 

tons, 
acres on which used. 

Wheat farms reporting . 

tons, 
acres on which used. 

Fruits, vegetables, and potatoes farms reporting. 

tons, 
acres on which used. 

Other crops farms reporting . 

tons, 
acres on which used. 



6,291 
7,448 



5,594 

5,925 

13,716 

12,290 

5,385 
5,623 

5,301 

5,271 

932 

4,369 

1,886 
2,284 
2,642 
3,086 
1,921 
1,768 
5,773 
3,933 

1,030 
2,810 

1,146 
2,963 



6,276 
6,527 



4,720 
4,996 
3,470 
3,987 

862,550 

3,523 

3,840 

7,773,113 

5,693,380 

685 

516 

645 

481 

631 

565 

4,898 
5,489 

40,655,476 
36,658,449 



4,885 

4,478 

2,559,474 

1,820,262 

4,884 

3,907,116 

75,144 

315, 907 

1,505 
38,894 
309,107 
48,761 



1,227 

5,687 

30,955 

127 

596 

4,385 

4,278 
29,722 
148,519 

1,228 

5,817 

29,645 

1,104 
19,015 
36,969 

2,064 
13,653 
65,046 



1,897 
2,169 



1,672 
1,793 
4,323 
3,219 

1,631 
1,731 

1,613 

1,666 

286 

1,327 

631 
628 
945 
800 
530 
457 
1,765 
753 

243 
363 

356 
1,402 



1,882 
1,933 



1,435 
1,643 
1,171 
1,435 
263,015 
299, 586 

950 

1,188 

1,219,752 

1,067,307 

215 

140 

181 

126 

156 

132 

1,466 

1,669 

3,675,085 

4,734,502 



1,446 

1,437 

753,215 

515,561 

1,591 

1,511,823 

29,539 

107,785 

469 
13,598 

104,001 
15,262 



400 


1,751 


10,268 


5 


40 


115 


1,406 


8,447 


43,938 


520 


2,584 


13,198 


418 


10,186 


16,478 


799 


6,243 


24,135 



1,132 

1,382 



1,037 
1,192 
2,497 
2,619 

1,010 
1,082 

1,000 

1,006 

212 

788 

270 
423 
380 
594 
517 
611 
1,117 
1,019 

326 

706 

252 
411 



1,132 
1,232 



857 
951 
523 
747 
157,442 
225,970 

737 

811 

2,350,640 

1,381,744 

85 

30 

121 

105 

211 

185 

914 

1,079 

1,841,108 

2,014,853 



971 

980 

459,043 

385,939 

867 

726,760 

13,133 

62,087 



371 
8,813 
55,988 
9,470 



353 

1,856 

10,381 

78 

398 

3,315 

751 
4,872 
23,688 

416 

1,898 

10,401 

122 
2,366 
5,438 

413 
1,606 
8,419 



3,262 

3,897 



2,885 
2,940 
6,896 
6,452 

2,744 
2,810 

2,688 

2,599 

434 

2,254 

985 
1,233 
1,317 
1,692 
874 
700 
2,891 
2,161 

461 
1,741 

538 

1,150 



3,262 
3,362 



2,428 
2,402 
1,776 
1,805 
409,425 
336,994 

1,836 

1,841 

4,202,721 

3,244,329 

385 

346 

343 

250 

264 

248 

2,518 

2,741 

35,139,283 

29,909,094 

2,468 

2,061 

1,347,216 

918,762 

2,426 

1,668,533 

32,472 

146,035 

665 
16,483 
149, 118 
24,029 



474 
2,080 
10,306 
44 
158 
955 

2,121 

16,403 
80,893 

292 
1,335 
6,046 

564 

6,463 

15,053 

852 

5,804 

32,492 



1 For 1950, "Week preceding enumeration." 2 Excludes farms reporting commercial fertilizer and lime. 



DELAWARE 



67 



County Table 7 (Part 1 of 2 ) -LIVESTOCK AND LIVESTOCK PRODUCTS: CENSUSES OF 1954 AND 1950 





[For comparability of data on livestock and 


poultry, see text and state 


Table 12] 






Item 
(Fop definitions and explanations, see text) 


The State 


Kent 


New Castle 


Sussex 




Cattle and dairy products: 














3,516 
4,314 
66,003 
59,706 


1,320 

1,598 

26,309 

25,176 


755 

917 

22,835 

21,232 


1,441 

1,799 

16,859 

13,298 


2 
3 

4 


1950... 

number 1954 . . . 

1950... 


5 

6 

? 
8 


Cows, including heifers that 

1950... 

number 1954 . . . 

1950... 


3,185 
4,068 
36,680 
34,206 


1,200 

1,523 

15,362 

14,696 


669 

859 

12,576 

12,059 


1,316 
1,686 
8,742 
7,451 


9 

10 
11 
12 


1950... 

number 1954 

1950... 


2,822 

3,857 

31,014 

31,452 


1,087 
1,457 
13,262 
13,755 


605 

822 

11,325 

11,171 


1,130 
1,578 
6,427 
6,526 


13 
U 


Heifers and heifer calves farms reporting 1954... 

number 1954 . . . 


2,469 
20,407 


1,051 
8,195 


615 
7,343 


803 
4,869 


15 
16 


Steers and bulls Including steer 

number 1954 . . . 


1,990 

8,916 


826 
2,752 


526 
2,916 


638 
3,248 


17 
18 
19 
20 
21 
22 


1949 . . . 

pounds 1954 . . . 

1949... 

dollars 1954... 

1949... 


1,450 

1,800 

167,480,263 

140,659,477 

6,960,379 

6,763,005 


738 
922 
73,908,851 
62,325,159 
2,811,687 
2,813,230 


433 
551 
69,172,693 
57,728,862 
3,078,775 
2,887,110 


279 
327 

24,398,719 

20,605,456 

1,069,917 

1,062,665 


23 
24 
25 
26 
27 
28 


1949 . . . 

pounds of butterf at 1954 . . . 

1949 . . . 

dollars 1954 . . . 

1949 . . . 


25 

69 

7,205 

49,563 

4,990 

28,985 


10 

20 

2,936 

14,279 

1,531 

8,590 


4 
11 
2,986 
29,660 
2,809 
16,854 


11 

38 

1,283 

5,624 

650 

3,541 


29 

30 


Cows milked, day preceding 

enumeration farms reporting 1954. . . 

number of cows 1954... 


2,617 
22,530 


1,037 
9,331 


580 
8,559 


1,000 
4,640 


31 


Milk produced, day preceding 


57,169 


23,905 


22,720 


10,544 


32 
33 


Butter churned, week preceding 

pounds 1954 . . . 
Horses and allies: 


283 
1,133 


86 
292 


35 
214 


162 
627 


34 
35 
36 
37 


Horses and/or mules farms reporting 1954 

1950 . . . 

number 1954 . . . 

1950... 

Hog.: 


1,971 
3,884 
4,004 
8,288 


711 
1,299 
1,612 
3,002 


314 

694 

851 

1,931 


946 
1,891 
1,541 
3,355 


38 
39 
40 
41 


1950... 

number 1954 . . . 

1950 . . . 


3,108 

3,911 

41,136 

38, 839 


949 

1,239 

9,782 

11,246 


404 

605 

6,689 

8,831 


1,755 

2,067 

24,665 

18,762 


42 
43 
44 
45 


number 1954 . . . 
number 1954 . . . 


2,396 
16,408 

1,728 
24,728 


776 
4,334 

481 
5,448 


294 
3,244 

266 
3,445 


1,326 

8,830 

981 

15,835 


46 
47 


Sows and gilts farrowing farms reporting 1954... 

number 1954 


1,245 
8,204 


432 
2,123 


178 
1,079 


635 
5,002 


48 

49 

50 
51 


Between Dec. 1 and June 1... .farms reporting 1954... 

1950... 

number 1954. . . 

1950... 


940 
1,503 
4,270 
4,883 

955 
3,934 


335 
525 
1,236 
1,605 
303 
887 


144 
299 
556 
1,160 
115 
523 


461 

679 

2,478 

2,118 


53 


number 1954 . . . 


2,524 




Sbeep and vool: 










54 

55 
56 
57 


1950... 

number 1954 . . . 

1950... 


147 

92 

4,302 

2,838 


59 

31 
1,743 
1,036 


36 

24 

1,180 

885 


52 

37 

1,379 

917 


58 

59 


Sheep 1 year old and over .... farms reporting 1954... 

number 1954 . . . 


131 
3,338 


52 
1,287 


34 
963 


45 
1,088 






124 

83 

3,101 

1,503 


50 

26 

1,231 

536 


33 
23 
840 
515 


41 


61 

62 

63 


1950... 

number 1954 . . . 

1950... 


34 

1,030 

452 


64 

65 
66 
67 


1950... 

number 1954 . . . 

1950. . . 


.54 

62 

237 

182 


28 
19 
56 
49 


24 

17 

123 

49 


32 
26 

58 
84 


68 

69 


number 1954 . . . 


99 
964 


42 
456 


20 
217 


37 
291 






94 

64 

3,222 

1,460 


38 

23 

1,188 

593 


20 

15 

928 

391 




71 

72 
73 


1949... 

number shorn 1954... 
1949 . . . 


26 

1,106 

476 


74 
75 


1949... 


21,252 

8,947 


8,829 
3,224 


6,112 
2,895 


6,311 
2,828 


76 




11/21-11/27 


11/28-11/30 


11/21-11/27 


11/21-11/27 



68 



STATISTICS FOR COUNTIES 



County Table 7 (Part 2 of 2 J. -LIVESTOCK AND LIVESTOCK PRODUCTS: CENSUSES OF 1954 AND 1950 

[For comparability of data on livestock and poultry, see text and Gtate Table 12j 



(For definitions and explanations, see text) 



Poultry and poultry products: 

Poultry and 'or poultry products 

sold farms reporting 1954... 

1949... 

dollars 1954... 

1949... 

Chickens, 4 months old and over, 

on hand farms reporting 1954... 

1950... 

number 1954. . . 

1950... 

Chickens sold farms reporting 1954... 

1949... 

number 1954... 

1949... 

dollars 1954... 

1949... 

Broilers farms reporting 1954... 

number 1954. .. 
dollars 1954... 

Other chickens farms reporting 1954... 

number 1954. . . 
dollars 1954... 

Chicken eggs sold farms reporting 1954... 

1949. . . 

dozens 1954. . . 

1949... 

dollars 1954... 

1949. . . 



Turkeys raised farms reporting 

number 

Light breeds farms reporting 

number 

Heavy breeds farms reporting 

number 

Turkey hens to be kept for breeding, 

on hand farms reporting 

number 

Light breeds farms reporting 

number 

Heavy breeds farms reporting 

number 

Ducks raised farms reporting 

number 

Turkeys, ducks, geese, other miscellaneous 
poultry, and their eggs sold. ..farms reporting 



1954. 
1949. 
1954. 
1949. 
1954. 
1954. 
1954. 
1954. 



1954. 
1954. 
1954. 
1954. 
1954. 
1954. 

1954. 
1949. 
1954. 
1949. 



1954. 
1949. 
1954. 
1949. 



Aoiaals sold alive: 

Cattle, hogs, sheep, horses, or 

mules sold alive farms reporting 1954... 

1949. . . 

dollars 1954... 

1949. . . 



Cattle and/or calves sold 
alive farms reporting 



Cattle sold alive, excluding 
calves farms reporting 

number 

dollars 

Calves sold alive farms reporting 

number 
dollars 

Hogs and pigs sold alive farms reporting 

number 
dollars 

Sheep and lambs sold alive. . .farms reporting 

number 
dollars 

Horses and mules sold alive.. farms reporting 

number 
dollars 



1954... 
1949... 
1954... 
1949... 

1954... 
1949. . . 
1954... 
1949... 
1954... 
1949... 
1954... 
1949... 
1954. . . 
1949... 
1954... 
1949... 

1954... 
1949... 
1954. . . 
1949... 
1954... 
1949... 

1954... 
1949. . . 
1954... 
1949... 
1954... 
1949... 

1954... 
1949... 
1954... 
1949... 
1954... 
1949... 



3,366 
4,678 

48,571,789 
54,401,220 



3,837 

5,129 

711, 803 

757,368 

2,513 

3,707 
62,204,345 
59,304,111 
41, 930, 673 
50,502,492 

1,479 
61,590,692 
41,272,681 

1,185 
613,653 
657,992 

1,531 

2,583 
5,857,007 
6,048,580 
3,523,731 
3,203,470 

383 

419 
933,779 
103, 903 

183 
821,420 

223 
112,359 



89 
3,412 

41 
823 

49 
2,589 

728 

1,164 

19,973 

34,274 



509 

791 

3,117,385 

695,258 



3,212 

4,117 

3,017,988 

2,718,591 



2,503 

3,227 

29,116 

23,547 

1,484 

1,446 

10,172 

6,903 

1,249,417 

1,108,719 

2,242 

2,932 

18,944 

16,644 

415,883 

487,336 

1,623 

2,381 

41,093 

40, 667 

1,289,731 

999,314 



58 

2,565 

1,111 

37,256 

19,136 

119 
343 
208 
717 
25,701 
104,086 



848 

1,223 

3,805,016 

5,019,074 



1,226 

1,586 

155,474 

197,892 

495 

938 
3,553,499 
4,608,306 
2,658,395 
4,076,447 

150 
3,458,199 
2,568,097 

362 
95,300 
90,298 

561 

802 

961,824 

1,572,278 

438,104 

799,839 

106 

136 

229,815 

19,461 

53 

214,998 

58 

14,817 



34 

951 
14 
58 
21 

893 

218 

360 

5,638 



127 

266 

708,517 

142,788 



1,183 

1,469 

861,225 

864,978 



1,059 

1,294 

11,759 

9,521 

622 

625 

3,673 

2,465 

405,167 

378,489 

954 

1,191 

8,086 

7,056 

175,465 

162,438 

495 

778 

9,961 

11,838 

258,065 

292,362 

38 

22 

1,115 

558 

15,871 

9,880 

53 

146 

88 

343 

6,657 

21,809 



469 

751 
1,193,660 
1,584,469 



750 

998 

159,703 

171,471 

255 

523 

518,934 

793,632 

444,811 

762,416 

30 

415,500 

343,085 

231 

103,434 

101,726 

326 

579 

1,248,001 

1,450,343 

505,890 

710,427 

134 

170 

76, 557 

14,325 

50 

67,598 

95 

8,959 



22 

518 

7 

168 

15 

350 

201 

264 

7,197 

10,461 



147 

229 

242,959 

111,626 



666 

842 
841,511 
879,820 



606 

738 

10,228 

8,123 

424 

411 

3,839 

2,583 

550,961 

434,841 

536 

653 

6,389 

5,540 

112,989 

172,760 

232 

430 

5,753 

8,020 

163,557 

196,492 

16 

15 

678 

279 

9,210 

4,825 

19 

68 

38 

136 

4,794 

70,902 



2,049 

2,704 

43,573,113 

47,797,677 



1,861 

2,545 

396,626 

388,005 

1,763 

2,246 

58,131,912 

53,902,173 

38,827,467 

45,663,629 

1,299 

57,716,993 

38,361,499 

592 

414,919 

465,968 

644 
1,202 
3,6'.7,182 
3,025,959 
2,579,737 
1,693,204 

143 

113 

627,407 

70,117 

80 

538,824 

70 

88,583 



33 
1,943 

20 
597 

13 
1,346 

309 

540 

7,138 

13,180 

235 
296 

2,165,909 
440,844 



1,363 

1,806 

1,315,252 

973,793 



838 
1,195 
7,129 
5,903 

438 

410 

2,660 

1,855 

293,289 

295,389 

752 

1,088 

4,469 

4,048 

127,429 

152,138 

896 
1,173 
25,379 
20,809 
868, 109 
510,460 

34 

21 

772 

274 

12,175 

4,431 

47 

129 

82 

238 

14,250 

11,375 



DELAWARE 

County Table 6V-NURSERY, GREENHOUSE, AND FOREST PRODUCTS: CENSUSES OF 1954 AND 1950 



69 





Item 
(For definitions and explanations, see text) 


The State 


Kent 


New Castle 


Sussex 




Nursery and greenhouse products, flower and vegetable 
seeds and plants, and bulbs: 










1 


Nursery and greenhouse products, flower and 
vegetable seeds and plants, flowers, and 


2,804,426 


77,360 


1,187,106 


1,539,960 


2 


1949... 


1,872,311 


101,245 


739,161 


1,031,905 


3 


Nursery products (trees, shrubs, vines, 


33 


5 


13 


15 


4 


1949. . . 


26 


5 


11 


10 


5 


acres 1954... 


1,866 


44 


382 


1,440 


e 


1949... 


1,113 


26 


30 


1,057 


7 




1,917,175 


41, 950 


387,200 


1,488,025 


S 


1949. .'. 

Cut flowers, potted plants, florist greens, 
and bedding plants grown for sale: 


984,312 


4,778 


14,275 


965,259 


9 




26 


6 


12 

24 


8 
5 


10 


1949... 


37 


8 


11 


square feet 1954... 


345,780 


47,400 


274,110 


24,270 


12 


1949... 


434,755 


53,710 


367,144 


13,901 


13 




13 


4 


4 


5 
8 


14 


1949... 


28 


4 


16 


15 


acres 1954. . . 


54 


6 


10 


38 


16 


1949. . . 


46 


3 


19 


24 


17 




34 


8 
11 


15 

32 


11 
10 


18 


1949... 


53 


19 


dollars 1954... 


358,131 


30,695 


296,406 


31,030 


20 


1949... 

Vegetables grown under glass, flower seeds, 
vegetable seeds, vegetable plants, bulbs, 
and mushrooms produced for sale : 


607,765 


85, 967 


460, 530 


61,268 


21 


Grown under glass or in 


42 


3 


38 
25 


1 
1 


22 


1949... 


29 


3 


23 


square feet 1954. . . 


864,373 


4,752 


838,221 


21,400 


24 


1949... 


331,601 


2,526 


326,875 


2,200 


25 




9 


1 
1 


1 
6 


7 
7 


26 


1949... 


14 


27 


acres 1954. . . 


66 


15 


(Z) 


51 


28 


1949... 


43 


5 


11 


27 


29 




50 


4 


38 
26 


8 
6 


30 


1949... 


36 


4 


31 


dollars 1954... 


529,120 


4,715 


503,500 


20,905 


32 


1949... 


280,234 


10,500 


264,356 


5,378 


33 


Forest products: 


568 


429 


58 


81 


34 


1949... 


1,220 


753 


146 


321 


35 


cords (4'x 4'x 8') 1954... 


5,388 


3,638 


751 


999 


36 


1949. . . 


11,265 


7,134 


1,286 


2,845 


37 




353 


254 


42 


57 


38 


1949... 


741 


487 


94 


160 


39 


number 1954... 


52,505 


37,093 


7,165 


8,247 


40 


1949. . . 


93,281 


66, 503 


12,657 


14,121 


41 


Sawlogs and veneer logs cut (including standing 


215 


133 


13 


69 


42 


1949 1 . . 


297 


154 


33 


110 


43 


thousands of bd. ft. 1954... 


4,312 


562 


138 


3,612 


44 


1949 >.. 


1,608 


524 


293 


791 


45 


Value of firewood, fence posts, logs, lumber, pulp- 
wood, piling and poles, bark, bolts, Christmas trees, 
hewn ties, mine tijtber, and other miscellaneous 


122 


44 


7 


71 


46 


dollars 1954... 


204,386 


16,440 


4,375 


183,571 


47 


1949... 


153,151 


18,709 


16,591 


117,851 



Reported in small fractions. 



Does not Include amount sold as standing timber. 



70 



STATISTICS FOR COUNTIES 

County Table 9 (Part 1 of 5 ) -SPECIFIED CROPS HARVESTED: CENSUSES OF 1954 AND 1950 





Item 
(For definitions and explanations, see text) 


The State 


Kent 


New Castle 


Sussex 


1 


Corn: 


4,934 


1,551 


811 


2,572 


2 


1949... 


5,625 


1,763 


980 


2,882 


3 


acres 1954.. . 


169,362 


50,217 


28,575 


90,570 


4 


1949... 


131,045 


38,451 


23,191 


69,403 


5 




4,893 

5,506 


1,538 

1,747 


800 
953 


2,555 


6 


1949... 


2,806 


7 


acres 1954... 


161,682 


46,992 


25,744 


88,946 


8 


1949... 


124,638 


35,839 


21,239 


67,560 


9 


bushels 1954... 


5,957,323 


1,673,856 


1,081,181 


3,202,286 


10 


1949... 


4,159,065 


1,183,072 


1,005,674 


1,970,319 


11 




608 


325 


215 


68 


12 


1949... 


516 


257 


195 


64 


13 


acres 1954 .. . 


6,348 


2,939 


2,570 


839 


14 


1949... 


4,712 


2,319 


1,703 


690 


15 


tons, green weight 1954... 


53,704 


26,273 


20,477 


6,954 


16 


1949... 


38,945 


17,613 


14,264 


7,068 


17 


Hogged or grazed, or cut for green or 


75 


23 


19 


33 


IS 


1949... 


192 


41 


29 


122 


19 


acres 1954... 


1,332 


286 


261 


785 


20 


1949... 


1,695 


293 


249 


1,153 


21 




3,185 


886 


3-71 


1,928 


22 


1949... 


2,433 


697 


379 


1,357 


23 


bushels 1954... 


3,538,784 


922,238 


515,786 


2,100,760 


24 


1949... 


1,628,383 


425,708 


409,518 


793,157 



DELAWARE 

County Table 9 (Part 2 of 5) .-SPECIFIED CROPS HARVESTED: CENSUSES OF 1954 AND 1950 



71 





Item 
(For definitions and explanations, see text) 


The State 


Kent 


New Castle 


Sussex 


1 

2 


Small grains: 

Wheat threshed or combined farms reporting i J 54.. . 

1S49 . . . 


1,394 
2,123 


602 
957 


404 
618 


388 

548 


3 


acres 1954... 

1949... 


32,904 
59,851 


14,204 
26,493 


12,103 
23,252 


6,597 
10,106 


5 
6 


bushels 1954... 
1949... 


809,946 
1,030,209 


328,670 
427,303 


337,060 
444,084 


144,216 
158,822 


7 
8 


bushels sold 1954... 
1949... 


720,619 
815,573 


285,914 
336,874 


308,495 
364,309 


126,210 
114,390 


10 


1949... 


912 

563 


480 
292 


247 
125 


185 
146 


1.1 
12 


acres 1954.. . 
1949 . . . 


9,905 
5,150 


5,194 
2,733 


2,987 
1,055 


1,724 
1,362 


13 

14 


bushels 1954... 
1949... 


371,586 
155,708 


192,037 
83,743 


120,990 
38,816 


58,559 
33,149 


15 

16 


bushels sold 1954... 
1949... 


47,790 
13,250 


26,709 
8,317 


13,307 
2,558 


7,774 
2,375 


17 
18 


Barley threshed or combined farms reporting 1954... 

1949... 


890 
962 


345 
434 


294 

306 


251 
222 


19 

eo 


acres 1954.. . 
1949 . . . 


12,062 
11,373 


3,822 
4,849 


4,287 
3,696 


3,953 
2,828 


21 
22 


bushels 1954... 
1949... 


368,994 
306,806 


103,494 
107,041 


166,305 
137,914 


99,195 
61,851 


23 
24 


bushels sold 1954... 
1949... 


113,800 
63,418 


20,475 
19,711 


46,819 
22,168 


46,506 
21,539 


25 

.... 


1949... 


1,033 
1,007 


392 

339 


44 
17 


597 
651 


27 
28 


acres 1954... 
1949 . . . 


13,676 
13,489 


4,607 
3,922 


522 

122 


8,547 
9,445 


29 

30 


bushels 1954... 
1949... 


248,660 
189,007 


75,749 

48,647 


12,383 
1,785 


160,528 
138,575 


31 
32 


bushels sold 1954... 
1949... 


164,980 
103,875 


42,235 
19,152 


6,125 
798 


116,620 
83,925 


33 


Buckwheat threshed or combined. .farms reporting 1954... 


28 


13 




15 


34 


acres 1954. . . 


295 


167 




128 


35 


bushels 1954... 


5,012 


3,036 




1,976 


36 


bushels sold 1954... 


2,391 


2,211 




180 


37 


Other grain threshed or 


3 
51 


17 


1 


3 


38 


1949 1 .. 


33 


39 

40 


acres 1954... 
1949 l .. 


41 
512 


124 


2 


41 
386 


41 

... 


bushels 1954... 
1949 1 .. 


620 
7,455 


1,747 


30 


620 
5,678 


43 
44 


bushels sold 1954 .. . 
1949 l .. 


150 
4,204 


700 




150 
3,504 


45 


Annual legumes: 

Soybeans grown for all 


3,106 

3,238 

86,365 

70,468 


1,010 

1,095 

24,705 

19,607 


240 

323 

3,393 

4,235 


1,856 


46 
47 
48 


1949... 

acres 1954... 

1949 . . . 


1,820 
58,267 
46,626 


49 
50 


1949... 


2,771 
2,577 


895 
815 


111 
156 


1 765 
1,606 


51 
52 


acres 1954... 
1949... 


80,801 
60,172 


22,734 
15,213 


1,831 
2,569 


56,236 
42,390 


53 
54 


bushels 1954... 
1949... 


1,484,697 

871,406 


410,663 
213,141 


32,274 
42,618 


1,041,760 
615,647 


55 
56 


1949... 


594 

1,115 


251 
495 


134 
177 


209 
443 


57 
58 


acres 1954... 
1949... 


4,526 
7,428 


1,730 
3,756 


1,270 
1,233 


1,526 
2,439 


59 
60 


tons 1954... 
1949... 


5,681 
9,738 


1,943 
4,505 


1,789 
1,805 


1,949 
3,428 


61 

62 
63 
64 


Hogged or grazed, or cut for 

1949... 

acres 1954... 

1949... 


44 

41 

383 

270 


9 
6 

41 
39 


18 

9 

144 

86 


17 
26 
198 
145 


65 


Plowed under for green 


67 

203 

655 

2,598 


21 

55 

200 

599 


15 

32 

148 

347 


31 


66 

67 
68 


1949... 

acres 1954. .. 

1949... 


116 

307 

1,652 



1 For 1949, includes buckwheat threshed or combined. 



72 STATISTICS FOR COUNTIES 

County Table 9 (Part 3 of 5) .-SPECIFIED CROPS HARVESTED: CENSUSES OF 1954 AND 1950 



Item 
(For definitions and explanations, see text) 



Hay crops, excluding soybean hay (see text): 

Land from which hay was cut acres 1954. 

1949. 

Alfalfa and alfalfa mixtures cut for hay 

(and for dehydrating) farms reporting 1954. 

1949. 

acres 1954. 
1949. 

tons 1954. 
1949. 

Sold farms reporting 1954. 

tons 1954. 
Clover, timothy, and mixtures of clover and 

grasses cut for hay farms reporting 1954. 

1949 . , 



acres 1954. 
1949. 



tons 1954. 
1949. 



Sold farms report ing 1954 . 



Lespedeza cut for hay farms reporting 1954.. 

1949.. 

acres 1954.. 

1949 . . 

tons 1954.. 
1949.. 

Sold farms reporting 1954 . . 

tons 1954.. 
Oats, wheat, barley, rye, or other small grains 
cut for hay farms reporting 1954. . 

1949.. 



acres 


1954. 




1949. 


tons 


1954. 




1949. 


reporting 


1954. 


tons 


1954. 



Other hay cut farms reporting 1954 . . 

1949.. 

acres 1954 . . 
1949.. 

tons 1954.. 
1949.. 

Sold farms reporting 1954 . . 

tons 1954.. 

Grass silage made from grasses, alfalfa, clover, 

or small grains farms reporting 1954.. 

1949.. 

acres 1954. . 
1949.. 

tons, green weight 1954.. 
1949 . . 

Clover see.l, (Trass, and other fielJ seeil crops: 

Red clover seed harvested farms reporting 1954.. 

1949.. 

acres 1954.. 
1949.. 

bushels 1954.. 
1949 . . 

Lespedeza seed harvested farms reporting 1954.. 

1949.. 

acres 1954. . 
1949.. 

pounds 1954 . . 
1949... 

Other field seed crops harvested acres 1954... 



55,199 
57,375 



548 
620 



5,962 
5, 554 



11,382 
11,919 



31 
533 



1,426 
2,030 



24,012 
28,46C 



31,892 
42,736 



2,363 

1,288 
1,539 

18,508 

22,143 
22,384 



72 
849 

237 
228 

2,088 
1,487 

2,537 

1,502 

13 
133 

225 
259 

2,813 
2,623 

3,016 
3,163 

15 

154 



106 
33 



1,816 



9,552 

1,475 



128 
157 



1,684 
1,561 



249 
349 



3,159 
3,982 



716,666 
864,252 



23,214 
23,735 



169 
223 

1,174 
1,592 

2,210 
2,983 



464 

611 



7,486 
8,715 



9,662 
16,002 



760 
859 



12,817 



14,644 
12,604 



35 

437 



616 
318 



241 



694 
900 



708 
926 



427 
35 



1,711 
220 



61 
106 



704 
1,349 



653 
1,125 



165 
201 



2,121 
2,190 



535,095 
471,530 



18,450 

19,021 



244 
258 



3,680 
2,998 



7,106 

7.015 



18 
351 



506 
634 



11,862 
13,907 



16,012. 
18,429 



899 
1,033 



1,096 
1.270 



427 

144 



456 

118 



877 
870 



629 

912 



705 
150 



4,480 
769 



56 
204 



142 
243 



25,200 
39,658 



13,535 

14,619 



135 

139 

1,108 
964 



477 
615 

4,792 

5,703 



126 

175 



1,045 
1,025 



1,395 
1,143 



11 
114 



103 
103 



1,242 
853 



1,679 
1,325 



33 

15 



3,361 
486 



691 
335 



996 

341 



78 
132 



896 

1,549 



156,371 
353,064 



DELAWARE 

County Table 9 (Part 4 of 5 J -SPECIFIED CROPS HARVESTED: CENSUSES OF 1954 AND 1950 



73 



(For definitions and explanations, see text) 



Other I i . I ■! crops: 

Irish potatoes harvested for home use or 

for sale farms reporting 1954 . . 

1949. 

acres 1954 * 
1949* 

bushels 1954. 
1949. 

Sweetpotatoes harvested for home use or 

for sale farms reporting 1954. 

1949. 

acres 1954 1 
1949 2 

bushels 1954. 
1949. 



Other field crops harvested. 



Vegetables for borne use and for sale <oth 
sweet potatoes): 

Vegetables harvested for home 
use farms 



Vegetables harvested for sale... farms 



Snap beans (bush and pole 
types ) farms 



.. ..acres 1954. .. 
■r I Ii.iii Irish and 



reporting 1954. 
1949. 



reporting 1954... 
1949 . . . 

acres 1954.. . 

1949... 

..dollars 1954... 

1949... 



reporting 1954... 
1949... 

acres 1954... 
1949... 

Green lijna beans farms reporting 1954. . . 

1949... 

acres 1954.. , 
1949 . . , 



Cabbage farms 



reporting 1954.., 
1949 . . , 



acres 1954. ., 
1949.., 

Cantaloups and muskmelons .... farms reporting 1954... 

1949... 

acres 1954... 
1949... 

Sweet corn farms reporting 1954.. 

1949.. 

acres 1954 .. . 
1949.. 

Cucumbers and pickles farms reporting 1954.., 

1949.., 

acres 1954.. 
1949.. 



Green peas. 



.farms reporting 1954. 
1949. 



acres 1954. 
1949. 



Sweet peppers and pimientos .. farms reporting 1954... 

1949... 



acres 1954.. . 
1949 . . . 



Tomatoes farms reporting 1954 .. . 

1949... 



acres 1954... 
1949... 



Watermelons farms reporting 1954. . . 

1949 . . . 

acres 1954... 
1949 . . . 

Other vegetables acres 1954. . . 



1,585 
2,342 



6,123 
1,993 



1,377,635 
307,083 



896 

1,065 



398 
364 



82,432 
51,378 



4,483 
5,437 



1,446 
2,172 



40,033 

38,767 

5,478,374 

3,571,883 



107 
136 



2,460 
2,078 



375 
529 



19,748 
23,138 



70 
76 



249 
30 



181 
226 



693 
693 



342 
462 



5,17! 
3,582 



316 
682 



734 
1,277 



88 
106 



1,650 
745 



393 

257 

1,204 
629 

559 
1,118 

3,833 
3,784 

206 

254 

998 
1,165 



546 
768 

4,992 
1,353 

1,174,881 
237,776 



204 
256 



4,361 
5,346 



1,399 
1,570 

464 
706 

12,729 

11,049 

1,813,651 

852,162 



558 
496 



112 



5,025 
6,361 



224 

5 



95 

13: 



1,164 
1,055 



144 
154 



915 
357 



i !9 

181 



254 
464 



2,048 
1,699 



■: 

114 
2,113 



133 
354 



974 

180 



176,599 
20,710 



239 

1,083 



178 
326 

4,356 

3,609 

453,162 

287,575 



13 
514 



147 
242 



3,097 
2,279 



102 

5 



75 
L99 



871 
646 



1 
5 

Z) 



906 
1,220 

157 
460 

26,155 
48,597 



662 
742 



360 
292 



77,832 
44,949 



2,363 
2,879 

804 
1,140 

22,948 

24,109 

3,211,561 

2,432,146 



59 
61 



1,832 
1,567 



233 
295 



14,710 
16,263 



30 
29 



7 
14 



144 
183 



605 
605 



100 
85 



914 
248 



255 
578 

488 
1,118 



46 
46 



677 
362 



289 
162 



864 
432 



230 
455 

914 
1,439 

176 
220 

907 
1,050 

1,059 



Z Reported In small fractions. 1 For 1954, does not include acreage for farms with less than 20 bushels harvested. See text 

farms with less than 15 bushels harvested. See text. 



'For 1949, does not include acreage for 



74 



STATISTICS FOR COUNTIES 

County Table 9 (Part 5 of 5) .-SPECIFIED CROPS HARVESTED: CENSUSES OF 1954 AND 1950 



(For definitions and explanations, see text) 



Berries nml other snull fruits harvested for sale: 

Strawberries farms reporting 1954 . . 

1949.. 

acres 1954.. 

1949 . . 

quarts 1954 . . 

1949.. 

Other berries acres 1954 . . 

Tree fruits, nuts, and crapes: 

Land in bearing and nonbearing fruit orchards, 
groves, vineyards, and planted nut 

trees farms reporting 1954 1 . 

1950.. 

acres 1954 1 . 

1950 2 . 

Apples farms reporting 1954 1 . 

1950.. 

Trees of all ages number 1954 1 . 

1950.. 

Trees not of bearing age number 1954 1 . 

1950.. 

Trees of bearing age number 1954 1 . 

1950.. 

Quantity harvested bushels 1954 1 . 

1949.. 

Peaches farms reporting 1954 1 . 

1950.. 

Trees of all ages number 1954 1 . 

1950.. 

Trees not of bearing age number 1954 1 . 

1950.. 

Trees of bearing age number 1954 1 . 

1950.. 

Quantity harvested bushels 1954 1 . 

1949.. 

Pears farms reporting 1954 1 . 

1950.. 

Trees of all ages number 1954 1 . 

1950.. 

Trees not of bearing age number 1954 1 . 

1950 . . 

Trees of bearing age number 1954 *. 

1950.. 

Quantity harvested bushels 1954 L . 

1949.. 

Cherries farms reporting 1954 1 . 

1950.. 

Trees of all ages number 1954 1 . 

1950.. 

Trees not of bearing age number 1954 1 . 

1950.. 

Trees of bearing age number 1954 1 . 

1950 . . 

Quantity harvested pounds 1954 1 . 

1949.. 

Plums and prunes farms reporting 1954 1 . 

1950.. 

Trees of all ages number 1954 1 . 

1950.. 

Trees not of bearing age number 1954 1 . 

1950.. 

Trees of bearing age number 1954 1 . 

1950.. 

Quantity harvested bushels 1954 1 . 

1949.. 

Grapes farms reporting 1954 1 . 

1950.. 

Vines of all ages number 1954 1 . 

1950.. 

Vines not of bearing age number 1954 1 . 

1950.. 

Vines of bearing age number 1954 1 . 

1950.. 



Quantity harvested pounds 1954 1 .. 

1949 . . . 



162 

507 

144 

521 

155,042 

733,642 

132 



194 
1,516 
2,118 
5,892 

157 
902 

52,818 

144,097 

9,922 
35,195 

42,896 
108,902 

320,195 
377,536 

109 
614 

35,258 

117,470 

3,852 
11,747 

31,406 
105,723 

96,439 

168,592 

83 

550 

1,358 
5,041 

673 
1,271 

685 

3,770 

385 

1,745 

55 

305 

439 
1,820 

324 
890 

115 
930 

1,621 
4,127 

39 
55 

174 
124 

81 
70 

93 

54 

42 

50 

77 
644 

40,086 
59,870 

11,807 
1,807 

28,279 
58,063 



219,096 
384,983 



58 

149 

26 

108 

26,694 

145,506 



69 

445 

934 

2,311 

47 
250 

22,085 
60,582 

2,879 
6,405 

19,206 
54,177 

164,512 
193,729 

39 

178 

15,369 
45,663 

744 
2,925 

14,625 
42,738 

54,908 
73,897 

27 
154 

683 
1,391 

465 

186 

218 
1,205 

158 
309 



293 
273 

245 

190 

48 
83 

124 
694 

16 
24 

53 

47 

28 
28 

25 
19 

6 

1 

39 

160 

22,185 
48,967 

7,867 
403 

14,318 
48,564 



102,252 
310,456 



19 
58 
10 
18 
9,154 
21,188 

(Z) 



81 
485 
271 
735 



7,138 
12,521 

3,600 
3,003 

3,538 
9,518 

9,879 

20,451 

41 
211 

1,180 
4,607 

298 
2,247 

*682 
2,360 

1,402 
6,261 

41 

213 

405 
1,639 

173 
668 

232 

971 

215 
551 

27 
142 

116 
1,375 

63 

574 

53 

801 

1,477 
3,313 

14 

20 

77 
48 

23 
33 

54 
15 

35 
25 

21 
168 

9,239 
7,369 

3,817 
650 

5,422 

6,719 



58,964 
48,534 



300 

108 

395 

119,194 

566,948 

L31 



44 

586 

913 

2,846 

30 
309 

23,595 
70,994 

3,443 
25,787 

20,152 
45,207 

145,804 
163,356 

29 
225 

18,709 
67,200 

2,810 
6,575 

15,899 
60,625 

40,129 
88,434 

15 
183 

270 
2,011 

35 

417 

235 
1,594 

12 

885 

6 
75 

30 
172 

16 

126 

14 
46 

20 
120 

9 

11 

44 
29 

30 
9 

14 
20 

1 
24 

17 
316 

8,662 
3,534 

123 
754 

8,539 
2,780 



57,880 
25,993 



Z Reported in small fractions, 
farms reporting less than 1/2 acre. 



1 For 1954, does not include data for farms with less than 20 trees or grapevines. See text. 
See text. 



2 For 1950, does not include acreage for 



Chapter C 
STATISTICS FOR STATE ECONOMIC AREAS 



(75) 






DELAWARE 

State Economic Areas 




LEGEND 

I a' I metropolitan state economic area 

] NONMETROPOLITAN STATE ECONOMIC AREA 



M M M_m 



78 



STATISTICS FOR STATE ECONOMIC AREAS 



Economic Area Table l.-FARMS, ACREAGE, VALUE, AND USE OF COMMERCIAL 

[Data are based on reports for only 



(For definitions and explanations, see text) 



The State (Areas 1 and A) 



Total 

all 
farms 



Economic class 



Commercial farms 



FARMS, ACREAGE, AND VALUE 

Farms number 1954. 

1950. 

Land in farms acres 1954. 

1950. 

Average size of farm acres 1954. 

1950. 
Value of land and buildings: 

Average per farm dollars 1954 . 

1950. 

Average per acre dollars 1954 . 

1950. 
Proportion of farms reporting value percent 1954. 

Laud in farms according to use: 

Cropland harvested farms reporting 1954, 

1949. 

acres 1954. 

1949. 

1 to 9 acres farms reporting 1954. 

10 to 19 acres farms reporting 1954. 

20 to 29 acres farms reporting 1954 . 

30 to 49 acres farms reporting 1954. 

50 to 99 acres farms reporting 1954. 

100 to 199 acres farms reporting 1954. 

200 to 499 acres farms reporting 1954. 

500 acres and over farms reporting 1954. 

Cropland used only for pasture. .farms reporting 1954. 

1949. 
acres 1954. 
1949. 
Cropland not harvested and not 

pasture! farms reporting 1954. 

1949. 
acres 1954. 
1949. 
Cropland used only for crops not harvested 

and not pastured farms reporting 1954. 

acres 1954. 

Cropland lying idle farms reporting 1954. 

acres 1954. 

Woodland pastured farms reporting 1954. 

acres 1954. 

Woodland not pastured farms reporting 1954. 

acres 1954. 
Other pasture (not cropland and 

not woodland) farms reporting 1954 . 

acres 1954. 

Improved (see text) farms reporting 1954. 

acres 1954. 
Other land (house lots, roads, 

wasteland, etc.) farms reporting 1954. 

acres 1954.. 

Cropland, total farms reporting 1954. 

1949. 

acres 1954. 

1949. 

Land pastured, total farms reporting 1954., 

1949.. 

acres 1954. 

1949. 

Woodland, total farms reporting 1954 . 

1949.. 

acres 1954. 

1949., 

Irrigated land in farms farms reporting 1954.. 

1949., 
acres 1954 . , 
1949. , 
Cover crops turned under and land planted 

to another crop farms reporting 1954., 

acres 1954.. 
Cropland used for row or grain crops 

farmed on contour farms reporting 1954.. 

acres 1954. , 

USE OF COMMERCIAL FERTILIZER 

Crops on which coauercial fertilizer was used, 19S4: 

Hay and cropland pastured farms reporting.. 

tons. . 
acres on which used., 

Other pasture farms reporting. . 

tons., 
acres on which used. . 

Corn farms reporting . . 

tons, , 
acres on which used. . 

Wheat farms reporting . . 

tons., 
acres on which used.. 

Fruits, vegetables, potatoes, etc. ...farms reporting.. 

tons., 
acres on which used.. 

Other crops farms reporting. . 

tons., 
acres on which used., 



6,291 
7,452 
813,150 
855,410 
129.3 
114.8 

18,666 

12,561 

152.87 

115.01 

72 



5,528 

6,503 

410,503 

386,079 

740 

572 

628 

860 

1,492 

889 

305 

42 

2,788 

3,757 

60,596 

77,846 

1,655 

2,953 

36,145 

75,390 

450 

9,427 

1,289 

26,718 

547 

24,032 

4,012 

191,286 

1,073 

35,374 

365 

9,444 

5,921 

55,214 

5,846 

6,870 

507, 244 

539,315 

3,722 

4,557 

120,002 

119,144 

4,332 

5,064 

215,318 

215,895 

99 

1 

6,850 

5 

1,430 
52,923 

65 
4,306 



1,237 

5,688 

30,955 

127 

596 

4,385 

4,278 

29,724 

148,519 

1,223 

5,807 

29,605 

1,104 
19,329 
36,969 

2,079 
13,669 
65,086 



5,005 
5,556 
764,573 
763,271 
152.8 
137.4 

21,360 
14,085 
148.16 
107.46 
72 



4,537 

4,957 

395,122 

361,804 

320 

312 

453 

745 

1,472 

889 

304 

42 

2,412 

3,176 

57,720 

71,552 

1,175 

2,103 

28,830 

57,990 

360 

8,302 

879 

20,528 

487 
23,172 

3,386 
176,291 

903 

32,804 

345 

9,039 

4,745 

50,634 

4,645 

5,144 

481,672 

491,346 

3,141 

3,766 

113,696 

105,890 

3,671 

3,983 

199,463 

184,005 

99 

1 

6,850 



1,289 
51,079 



60 
4,131 



1,166 

5,522 

30,032 

117 

566 

4,300 

3,627 

28,424 
141,202 

1,178 
5,755 
29,285 

963 
19,175 
36, 538 
1,853 
13,184 
62,295 



676 

686 

193,832 

127,632 

286.7 

186.1 

44,706 
22,964 
164.07 
124.18 
71 



578 

532 

105,234 

62,127 

30 

32 

18 

55 

157 

123 

127 

36 

292 

246 

12,438 

6,301 

145 

230 

4,778 

8,703 

79 
2,562 

74 
2,216 

69 

9,196 

424 

46,603 

97 
6,064 

39 
2,139 

626 

9,519 

601 

579 

122,450 

77,131 

365 

309 

27,698 

9,157 

459 

531 

55,799 

35,998 

54 

1 

5,450 

5 

230 
22,929 

14 
1,691 



142 
1,265 
5,579 

21 

160 

2,055 

404 

8,440 

35,157 

102 
1,402 
5,736 

173 
14,314 
24,303 

197 
3,198 
13,740 



1,289 
1,279 
215,081 
192,030 
166.9 
150.1 

25,121 

18,728 

166.69 

138.88 

76 



1,109 

1,104 

116,233 

101,459 

75 

60 

85 

140 

290 

311 

147 

1 

575 

722 

15,502 

17,522 

260 

406 

6,667 

11,747 

66 

1,070 

210 

5,597 

113 

4,756 

842 

48,843 

231 
8,925 

111 
1,875 

1,239 

14,155 

1,144 

1,179 

138,402 

130,728 

751 

813 

29,183 

27,334 

907 

838 

53,599 

33,696 

15 

850 



379 
12,940 



11 

905 



344 

2,103 

10,458 

31 

168 

900 

903 

7,930 

40,740 

331 

1,875 

10,139 

240 

2,686 

6,210 

456 

3,533 

19,655 



1,050 
1,007 
160,830 
162,220 
153.2 
161.1 

21,080 
15,710 
141.09 
99.49 
67 



990 

917 

84,305 

79,288 

75 

40 

35 

95 

405 

310 

25 

5 

595 

677 

15,480 

20,534 



325 
8,010 
7,285 

85 

2,975 

200 

5,035 

100 

3,325 

725 

31,730 

230 

7,350 

90 

2,290 

1,000 

10,630 

1,015 

937 

107,795 

107,107 

760 

807 

26,155 

30,544 

785 

732 

35,055 

35,743 

15 

. ■■ 

170 



250 
7,525 



30 
1,460 



340 

1,203 

7,835 

40 

174 

820 

830 

5,910 

31,005 

370 
1,504 
7,965 

160 

1,260 

3,065 

>465 

4,159 

14,160 



FERTILIZER, BY ECONOMIC CLASS OF FARM: 

a sample of farms . See text] 



DELAWARE 

CENSUSES OF 1954 AND 1950 



79 



Item 
(For definitions and explanations, see text) 



FARMS, ACREAGE, AND VALUE 

Farms number 1954. 

1950. 

Land in farms acres 195-4. 

1950. 

Average size of farm acres 1954. 

1950. 
Value of land and buildings: 

Average per farm dollars 1954 . 

1950. 

Average per acre dollars 1954 . 

1950. 
Proportion of farms reporting value percent 1954. 

Land in farus according to use: 

Cropland harvested farms reporting 1954. 

1949. 
acres 1954. 

1949. 

1 to 9 acres farms reporting 1954. 

10 to 19 acres farms reporting 1954. 

20 to 29 acres farms reporting 1954. 

30 to 49 acres farms reporting 1954. 

50 to 99 acres farms reporting 1954. 

100 to 199 acres farms reporting 1954. 

200 to 499 acres farms reporting 1954. 

500 acres and over farms reporting 1954. 

Cropland used only for pasture. .farms reporting 1954. 

1949. 
acres 1954. 
1949. 
Cropland not harvested and not 

pastured farms reporting 1954 . 

1949. 
acres 1954. 
1949. 
Cropland used only for crops not harvested 

and not pastured farms reporting 1954. 

acres 1954. 

Cropland lying idle farms reporting 1954. 

acres 1954. 

Woodland pas tured farms reporting 1954 . 

acres 1954. 

Woodland not pastured farms reporting 1954. 

acres 1954. 
Other pasture (not cropland and 

not woodland) farms reporting 1954 . 

acres 1954.. 

Improved (see text) farms reporting 1954. 

acres 1954.. 
Other land (house lots, roads, 

wasteland, etc.) farms reporting 1954. 

acres 1954.. 

Cropland, total farms reporting 1954.. 

1949.. 

acres 1954.. 

1949., 

Land pastured, total farms reporting 1954.. 

1949., 

acres 1954., 

1949., 

Woodland, total farms reporting 1954. 

1949. 

acres 1954. 

1949., 

Irrigated land in farms farms reporting 1954.. 

1949., 
acres 1954., 
1949., 
Cover crops turned under and land planted 

to another crop farms reporting 1954. 

acres 1954., 
Cropland used for row or grain crops 

farmed on contour farms reporting 1954. 

acres 1954. 

USE OF COMMERCIAL FERTILIZER 
Crops on which couuercial fertilizer was used, 1954: 

Hay and cropland pastured farms reporting. 

tons, 
acres on which used. 

Other pasture farms reporting. 

tons. 
acres on which used. 

Corn farms reporting. 

tons, 
acres on which used. 

Wheat farms reporting. 

tons. 
acres on which used. 

Fruits, vegetables, potatoes, etc.... farms reporting. 

tons, 
acres on which used. 

Other crops farms reporting. 

tons, 
acres on which used. 



The State (Areas 1 and A)— Continued 



Economic class — Continued 



Commercial farms — Continued 



910 
968 

107,505 

133,776 

118. 1 

138.2 

13,040 

11,097 

118.22 

82.93 

71 



855 
928 

53,340 

61,955 

55 

35 

90 

160 

385 

125 

5 

470 

646 

8,480 

13,695 

200 

386 

3,375 

12,655 

55 

450 

160 

2,925 

105 

3,480 

640 

24,660 

185 

4,605 

65 

1,000 

885 

9,565 

865 

943 

65,195 

88,305 

640 

782 

16,565 

18,695 

715 

736 

2S,L40 

37,613 

10 

280 



220 

4,480 



210 
557 
3,905 
20 
62 
505 

695 
3,484 
19,295 

260 

740 
4,150 

215 

649 

1,955 

390 

1,454 

9,020 



740 

801 

63,750 

83,343 

86.1 

104.0 

10,655 
9,721 

125.93 
92.30 

74 



685 

746 

27, 265 

35,385 

25 

75 

150 

215 

215 

5 



350 

460 

4,755 

7,450 

215 

346 

5,000 

7,670 

65 

1,095 

165 

3,905 

55 

1,420 

510 

16,265 

110 

3,645 

30 

715 

685 

5,400 

695 

761 

37,020 

50,505 

450 

565 

9,820 

11,970 

535 

616 

17,685 

20,330 

5 

100 



150 
2,230 



115 

286 

1,680 



560 

2,088 

11,420 

95 

204 

1,110 

120 
190 
850 
265 
686 
4,775 



340 
815 
23,575 
64,270 
69.3 
78.9 

7,164 
5,461 
97.20 
76.14 
71 



320 

730 
8,745 
21,590 
60 
70 
75 
80 
20 
15 



130 

425 

1,065 

6,050 

75 

410 

1,000 

9,930 

10 
150 

70 
850 

45 

995 

245 

8,190 

50 
2,215 

10 
1,020 

310 

1,365 

325 

745 

10,810 

37,570 

175 

490 

4,275 

8,190 

270 

530 

9,185 

20,625 



60 
975 



Other farms 



585 

720 

30,420 

49,165 

52.0 

68.3 

9,228 

8,660 

177.36 

121.97 

85 



545 

620 

12,135 

14,795 

60 

185 

170 

115 

15 



200 

285 

1,670 

3,835 

180 

330 

2,745 

5,980 

45 

695 

140 

2,050 

35 

290 

330 

8,945 

90 
1,955 

15 
370 

535 

2,680 

575 

655 

16,550 

24,610 

305 

410 

3,915 

8,165 

345 

470 

9,235 

19,430 



90 
1,200 



5 

175 



15 


55 


15 


108 


107 


10 


575 


750 


75 


5 


10 




2 


30 




20 


85 




235 


415 


235 


572 


1,029 


226 


3,585 


5,925 


1,255 


.-0 


45 




30 


52 


... 


185 


320 




55 


95 


45 


76 


99 


25 


155 


270 


120 


80 


175 


50 


154 


367 


102 


945 


2,150 


560 



Residential 



700 

1,170 

16,885 

41,185 

24.1 

35.2 

7,654 

8,131 

326.02 

234.89 

66 



445 

925 

2,930 

9,200 

360 

75 

5 



175 

295 

1,050 

2,365 

300 

520 

4,570 

11,420 

45 

430 

270 

4,140 

25 

570 

295 

5,300 

80 

615 

5 

35 

640 

1,850 

625 

1,070 

8,550 

22,985 

275 

380 

2,235 

4,895 

315 

610 

5,870 

11,060 



50 
405 



80 



STATISTICS FOR STATE ECONOMIC AREAS 



Economic Area Table 2.-FARM FACILITIES, OFF-FARM WORK, WORK POWER. FARM LABOR, AND 

[Data are based on reports for only 



Item 
(For definitions and explanations, see text) 



The State (Areas 1 and A) 



Total 
all 
farms 



Economic cl8ss 



Commercial farms 



SPECIFIED FACILITIES AND EQUIPMENT 

Telechone farms reporting 1954.. 

Electricity farms reporting 1954.. 

1950.. 

Television set farms reporting 1954. . 

Piped running water farms reporting 1954. . 

Home freezer farms reporting 1954 . . 

Electric pig brooder farms reporting 1954.. 

Power feed grinder farms reporting 1954. . 

Milking machine farms reporting 1954. . 

Grain combines farms reporting 1954.. 

number 1954 . . 

Corn pickers farms reporting 1954. . 

number 1954 . , 

Pick-up hay balers farms reporting 1954 . . 

number 1954 . . 

Field forage harvesters farms reporting 1954.. 

number 1954 . , 

Motortrucks farms reporting 1954 . . 

number 1954 . . 

Tractors, other than garden farms reporting 1954.. 

1950 . . 

number 1954 . , 

1950.. 

Automobiles farms reporting 1954., 

number 1954 . . 

OFF-FARM WORK AND OTHER INCOME 

Fara operators — 

With other income of family exceeding value 

of farm products sold operators reporting 1954. 

1949 . . 
Working off their farms, 

total operators reporting 1954. 

1949 . 

100 or more days operators reporting 1954. 

1949 . , 

FARMS BY CLASS OF WORK POWER 

No tractor, horses, or mules farms reporting 1954. 

No tractor but horses and/or 

mules..... farms reporting 1954. 

Tractor and horses and/or mules ... .farms reporting 1954. 

Tractor and no horses or mules farms reporting 1954. 

FARM LABOR 

Week of October 24-30: 

Family and/or hired workers farms reporting 1954. 

persons 1954 . 
Family workers, including 

operator farms reporting 1954. 

Operators working 1 or more 

hours persons 1954. 

Unpaid members of operator's 

family farms reporting 1954. 

persons 1954 . 

Hired workers farms reporting 1954 . 

persons 1954. 
Regular workers (to be employed 150 

or more days ) farms reporting 1954 . 

persons 1954. 
Seasonal workers (to be employed less 

than 150 days) farms reporting 1954. 

persons 1954. 

SPECIFIED FARM EXPENDITURES 

Specified farm expenditures^ farms reporting 1954. 

Machine hire and/or hired 

labor farms reporting 1954 . 

Machine hire farms reporting 1954 . 

dollars 1954. 

Hired labor farms reporting 1954 . 

1949. 

dollars 1954. 

1949. 

$1 to $2,499 farms reporting 1954. 

$2,500 and over farms reporting 1954. 

Feed for livestock and poultry. -farms reporting 1954. 

1949. 
dollars 1954. 
1949. 
Gasoline and other petroleum fuel 

and oil farms reporting 1954. 

1949 . 
dollars 1954. 
1949. 
Commercial fertilizer and fertilizing 

material farms reporting 1954. 

dollars 1954. 

tons 1954. 

acres on which used 1954 . 

Lime and liming material farms reporting 1954. 

tons 1954. 

dollars 1954. 

acres limed 1954 . 



5,300 
5,993 
6,112 
3,785 
5,375 
3,279 
67 
587 
1,129 

1,603 

1,671 

1,784 

1,858 

693 

695 

281 

282 

3,786 
5,191 
4,537 
3,785 
7,826 
5,586 
5,198 
7,055 



1,889 
1,921 

2,437 
2,667 
1,804 
1,844 



472 
1,477 
3,060 



5,594 
13,716 

5,385 

5,301 

1,886 
2,642 
1,921 

5,773 

1,030 
2,810 

1,146 
2,963 



6,276 

4,720 

3,470 

829,882 

3,523 

3,840 

7,780,063 

5,693,380 

2,958 

565 

4,898 

5,494 

40,655,476 

36,988,449 

4,885 

4,478 

2,559,474 

1,820,262 

4,884 

3,907,116 
75,080 
315,992 
1,505 
38,894 
309,107 
48,761 



4,309 
4,802 
4,731 
3,025 
4,394 
2,804 
67 
561 
1,106 

1,563 

1,631 

1,734 

1,808 

677 

679 

281 

282 

3,320 
4,648 
3,936 
3,309 
7,142 
5,053 
4,243 
5,935 



894 

781 

1,467 

1,462 

939 

784 



287 
1,326 
2,610 



4,603 
12,295 

4,400 

4,331 

1,676 
2,342 
1,840 
5,622 

1,014 
2,779 

1,081 
2,843 



5,005 

4,019 

2,875 

775,832 

3,212 

3,504 

7,707,003 

5,605,376 

2,648 

564 

4,082 

4,538 

40,443,426 

36,631,559 

4,099 

3,957 

2,480,639 

1,766,521 

4,063 

3,788,406 
72,894 
304,205 
1,345 
37,674 
298,547 
46,956 



626 
673 
617 
519 
646 
457 

17 
101 

87 

230 
276 
315 
368 
82 
84 
56 
57 

537 
,341 
523 
398 
,438 
795 
634 
,280 



68 
104 

169 
203 

103 
137 



17 
147 
376 



670 
3,898 

593 

586 

197 

305 

474 

3,007 

360 
1,775 

222 
1,232 



676 

621 

294 

116,238 

579 

526 

5,115,125 

3,020,860 

269 

310 

587 

575 

26,605,908 

23,028,057 

626 

493 

908,197 

453,548 

504 
1,469,744 
28,830 
86,603 
197 
11,759 
88,560 
15,096 



1,218 
1,284 
1,222 

841 
1,248 

837 
5 

115 

396 

503 
515 
594 
600 
280 
280 
105 
105 

953 
1,207 
1,023 

808 
1,984 
1,379 
1,169 
1,600 



161 
191 

348 
337 
211 
226 



35 
324 
699 



1,218 
3,177 

1,182 

1,145 

559 

732 

581 

1,300 



349 
584 



309 
716 



1,289 

1,023 

666 

195,594 

928 

938 

1,520,988 

1,367,089 

729 

199 

1,215 

1,129 

9,644,198 

8,907,191 

1,043 

963 

660, 307 

493, 546 

979 

981,067 
18,404 
88,732 
378 
8,940 
72,737 
11,775 



915 
1,000 
915 
650 
945 
605 
20 
140 
410 

435 
440 
450 
460 
210 
210 



755 
900 
895 
735 
,680 
,140 
895 
,115 



190 
125 

320 
276 
190 
130 



55 

310 
585 



975 
2,280 

930 

920 

375 
590 
415 
770 



200 
280 



260 
490 



1,050 

855 

660 

206,155 

685 

716 

634, 500 

716,195 

650 

35 

935 

922 

2,668,090 

2,848,480 

865 

817 

446,350 

373,860 

895 

733,895 
14,338 
64,705 
325 
10,265 
81,660 
11,470 



1 Excludes farms reporting commercial fertilizer and lime. 



DELAWARE 

FARM EXPENDITURES, BY ECONOMIC CLASS OF FARM: CENSUSES OF 1954 AND 1950 

a sample of farms. See text] 



81 



Item 
(For definitions and explanations, see text) 



The State (Areas 1 and A) — Continued 



Economic class — Continued 



Commercial farms — Continued 



Other farms 



Residential 



SPECIFIED FACILITIES AND EQUIPMENT 

Telephone farms reporting 1954.. 

Electricity farms reporting 1954.. 

1950.. 

Television set farms reporting 1954. . 

Piped running water farms reporting 1954 . . 

Home freezer farms reporting 1954.. 

Elec trie pig brooder farms reporting 1954 . . 

Power feed grinder farms reporting 1954 . . 

Milking machine farms reporting 1954 . . 

Grain combines farms reporting 1954.. 

number 1954 . . 

Corn pickers farms reporting 1954 . . 

number 1954 . . 

Pick-up hay balers farms reporting 1954. . 

number 1954 . . 

Field forage harvesters farms reporting 1954.. 

number 1954 . 

Motortrucks farms reporting 1954 . 

number 1954 . 

Tractors, other than garden farms reporting 1954. 

1950 . 

number 1954 . 

1950. 

Automobiles farms reporting 1954 . 

number 1954 . 

OFF-FARM WORK AND OTHER INCOME 

Fara operators — 

With other income of family exceeding value 

of farm products sold operators reporting 1954. 

1949. 
Working off their farms, 

total operators reporting 1954 . 

1949. 

100 or more days operators reporting 1954. 

1949. 

FARMS BY CLASS OF WORK POWER 

No tractor, horses, or mules farms reporting 1954. 

No tractor but horses and/or 

mules farms reporting 1954. 

Tractor and horses and/or mules farms reporting 1954. 

Tractor and no horses or mules farms reporting 1954. 

FARM LABOR 

Week of October 24-30: 

Family and/or hired workers farms reporting 1954. 

persons 1954. 
Family workers, including 

operator farms reporting 1954 . 

Operators working 1 or more 

hours persons 1954 . 

Unpaid members of operator's 

family farms reporting 1954 . 

persons 1954 . 

Hired workers farms reporting 1954. 

persons 1954 . 
Regular workers (to be employed 150 

or more days ) farms reporting 1954 . 

persons 1954. 
Seasonal workers (to be employed less 

than 150 days ) farms reporting 1954 . 

persons 1954 . 

SPECIFIED FARM EXPENDITURES 

Specified farm expenditures 1 farms reporting 1954. 

Machine hire and/or hired 

labor farms reporting 1954. 

Machine hire farms reporting 1954 . 

dollars 1954. 

Hired labor farms reporting 1954. 

1949. 

dollars 1954. 

1949. 

$1 to $2,499 farms reporting 1954. 

$2,500 and over farms reporting 1954. 

Feed for livestock and poultry. -farms reporting 1954. 

1949. 
dollars 1954. 
1949. 
Gasoline and other petroleum fuel 

and oil farms reporting 1954. 

1949. 
dollars 1954. 
1949. 
Commercial fertilizer and fertilizing 

material farms reporting 1954. 

dollars 1954. 

tons 1954. 

acres on which used 1954. 

Lijne and liming material farms reporting 1954. 

tons 1954. 

dollars 1954. 

acres limed 1954. 



760 

870 
812 
505 
790 
450 
20 
125 
160 

245 
245 
200 
200 

70 
70 
25 
25 

555 
625 
745 
687 
1,095 
868 
770 
995 



220 
146 

300 
251 
200 
111 



65 

285 
460 



855 
1,590 



835 

830 

305 
410 
245 
350 

95 
130 

170 
220 



910 

735 

600 

157,860 

595 

608 

347,930 

295,102 

575 

20 

710 

762 

1,199,275 

1,165,811 

745 

748 

306,475 

235,617 

805 

371,325 

6,912 

38,830 

250 

4,405 

34,625 

5,525 



570 

675 

675 

370 

555 

330 

5 

65 

50 

135 

140 

140 

145 

35 

35 

10 

10 

410 
455 
555 
411 
725 
536 
565 
705 



255 
215 

295 

300 
235 
180 



45 

195 
360 



615 
990 

590 

580 

195. 
240 
110 
170 

10 
10 

105 

160 



740 



550 
455 

80,320 
325 
416 

74,690 

154,615 

325 



470 
615 

506,005 

620 

556 

127,095 

142,470 

615 

183,670 

3,462 

19,850 

155 

1,885 

17,360 

2,355 



220 
300 
490 
140 
210 
125 

15 

5 

15 
15 
35 
35 



5 
5 

110 
120 
195 
270 
220 
335 
210 
240 



70 
65 
130 



270 
360 



340 

235 

200 

19,665 

100 

300 

13,770 

51 , 515 

100 



165 

535 

55,070 

176,015 

200 

380 

32,215 

67,480 

265 

48,705 

948 

5,485 

40 

420 

3,605 

735 



460 
535 
505 
350 
480 
215 

25 
15 

35 
35 
45 
45 
5 
5 



230 
275 
375 
250 
440 
285 
480 
585 



490 
565 

500 
540 
470 
475 



75 
105 

270 



485 
730 



120 
175 
55 
75 

10 
10 

45 
65 



585 

415 

355 

43,950 

210 

175 

30,155 

35,460 

210 



320 

390 

105,575 

131,705 

425 
255 

57,710 
18,690 

500 

89,665 

1,683 

9,400 

120 

950 

8,335 

1,520 



530 
655 
870 
410 
500 
260 



235 
265 
225 
225 
240 
245 
475 
535 



505 
575 

470 
665 
395 
585 



110 

45 

180 



505 
675 

500 

490 

90 
125 
25 
60 



685 

285 

240 
10,100 

100 

155 
12,905 
35,345 

100 



495 

560 

81,475 

84,735 

360 
265 

20,125 
31,750 

320 

20,750 

363 

2,030 

40 

270 

2,225 

285 



82 



STATISTICS FOR STATE ECONOMIC AREAS 



Economic Area Table 3.-LIVESTOCK ON HAND, LIVESTOCK SOLD, AND SPECIFIED 

[Data are based on reports for only 



Item 
(For definitions and explanations, see text} 



The State (Areas 1 and A) 



Total 
all 
farms 



Economic class 



Commercial farms 



Livestock on hud: 

Horses and mules farms reporting 

number 

All cattle and calves farms reporting 

number 

Cows, including heifer6 that 
have calved farms reporting 

number 

Millt cows farms reporting 

number 



1954. 
1950. 
1954. 
1950. 
1954. 
1950. 
1954. 
1950. 

1954. 
1950. 
1954. 
1950. 
1954. 
1950. 
1954. 
1950. 



All hogs and pigs farms reporting 1954. 

1950. 

number 1954 . 

1950. 

Chickens 4 months old and over. -farms reporting 1954. 

1950. 

number 1954. 

1950. 

Livestock and livestock products sold: 

Cattle and calves sold alive .farms reporting 1954. 

1949. 

number 1954. 

1949. 

dollars 1954. 

1949. 



Hogs and pigs sold alive. 



Chickens sold. 



Chicken eggs sold. 



.farms reporting 1954. 

1949. 

number 1954. 

1949. 

dollars 1954. 

1949. 

.farms reporting 1954. 

1949. 

dollars 1954. 

1949. 

.farms reporting 1954. 

1949. 

dozens 1954 . 

1949. 

dollars 1954. 

1949. 

pounds 1954 . 

dollars 1954. 
1949. 



Specified crops harvested: 

Corn for all purposes... 



...farms reporting 1954. 
1949. 

acres 1954. 
1949. 

Corn harvested for grain farms reporting 1954. 

1949. 



acres 

bushels harvested 

bushels sold 



1954. 
1949. 

1954. 
1949. 

1954. 
1949. 



Wheat threshed or combined farms reporting 1954. 

1949. 



acres 

bushels harvested 

bushels sold 



1954. 
1949. 

1954. 
1949. 

1954. 
1949. 



Soybeans harvested for beans. farms reporting 1954.. 

1949.. 

acres 1954. . 
1949. . 

bushels harvested 1954. . 
1949., 



Vegetables harvested for sale... farms reporting 

dollars 



Hay cut. 



. acres 
tons 



1954. 
1949. 

1954. 
1949. 

1954. 
1949. 
1954 3 



1,949 
3,904 
3,621 
8,507 
3,542 
4,240 
67,495 
62,380 

3,201 

4,008 
37,494 
35,487 
2,873 
3,920 
31,829 
33,548 

3,130 

4,041 
44,452 
39,006 
3,851 
4,994 
764,536 
750,393 



2,538 

3,274 

29,745 

23,458 

1,708,649 

1,524,676 

1,633 

2,523 

51, 161 

41,102 

1,892,909 

916,206 

2,804 

3,773 

43,224,176 

53,169,201 

1,554 

2,682 

6,290,935 

6,329,691 

4,153,138 

3,416,798 

172,676,278 

6,964,099 

7,164,745 



4,989 
5,668 

173,311 
131,947 

4,948 
5,477 

163,254 
125,039 

6,118,233 
4,040,929 

3,613,401 
1,553,435 

1,468 
2,241 

33,298 
58,234 

813,050 
995,607 

725,715 
762,677 

2,672 
2,561 

79,829 
59,310 

1,430,985 
862,809 

1,366 
2,280 

4,211,588 
3,696,276 

55,178 
60,729 
70,603 



1,613 
3,173 
3,161 
7,234 
3,031 
3,594 
65,042 
60,037 

2,830 

3,432 

36,617 

34,254 

2,572 

3,379 

31,217 

32,453 

2,639 

3,200 

41,491 

34,296 

3,046 

3,863 

724,676 

697,758 



2,377 
2,973 
29,060 
22,711 
1,671,774 
1,478,356 

1,442 

2,122 

48,731 

37,472 

1,851,424 

846,046 

2,629 

3 447 

43,206,736 

52,918,501 

1,374 

2,241 

6,233,520 

6,203,721 

4,131,088 

3,355,998 

172,064,809 

6,934,599 

7,139,015 



4,183 
4,522 

165,079 
121,322 

4,167 
4,436 

155,184 
115,169 

5,913,453 
3,801,203 

3,508,751 
1,486,625 

1,408 
2,091 

32,938 
56,219 

806,245 
967, 737 

719,385 
742,247 

2,391 
2,230 

76,796 
55,068 

1,394,100 
810,380 

1,240 
1,949 

4,184,148 
3,643,761 

53,170 
57,139 
68,383 



164 
297 
425 

544 

289 

281 

10,739 

5,136 

243 

259 

5,122 

2,182 

201 

252 

3,615 

1,984 

301 

308 

14,551 

5,481 

237 

309 

239,531 

185,137 



22J 

171 

5,102 

2,347 

458,294 

312,256 

190 

227 

24,157 

9,795 

1,187,279 

226,575 

516 

613 

30,779.449 

36,125,616 

47 

112 

2,956,080 

1,460,472 

2,647,948 

829,654 

21,203,325 

927,681 

419,203 



490 
449 

43,419 
19,647 

484 
448 

40,244 
18,719 

1,633,858 
551,313 

1,059,756 
243,466 

122 

81 

6,279 
2,487 

169,481 
40,842 

159,366 
35,351 

295 

224 

17,251 
8,160 

305,765 
114,541 

209 

185 

2,406,078 
1,911,457 

6,613 
4,712 
9,367 



359 

618 

741 

1,656 

782 

774 

21,238 

19,031 

752 

744 

12,865 

10,954 

696 

734 

11,602 

10,014 

708 

791 

9,735 

9,841 

729 

861 

123,580 

133,030 



602 

658 

8,818 

6,890 

417,995 

435,322 

437 

590 

9,824 

10,052 

280,095 

240,301 

883 

1,019 

10,173,672 

13,070,955 

322 

428 

886, 510 

1,643,334 

455,825 

935,709 

77,854,076 

3,040,323 

2,954,765 



1,068 
973 

47,400 
33,125 

1,063 
958 

44,525 
30,935 

1,786,285 
1,123,220 

1,099,455 
502,743 

396 
463 

11,409 
18,790 

295,299 
342,631 

270,059 
284,127 

591 
462 

23,450 
16,453 

462,345 
259,129 

346 

318 

1,004,365 
719,759 

17,372 
18,381 
23,676 



1 For comparability of data on livestock and poultry, see text and state Table 12. 



Includes milk equivalent of cream and butterfat sold. 



3 Excludes grass silage. 



DELAWARE 

CROPS, BY ECONOMIC CLASS OF FARM. CENSUSES OF 1954 AND 1950 



83 



a sample of farms. See text] 






















The State (Areas 1 


ind A)--Continued 












Economic class 


— Continued 








Item 
(For definitions and explanations, see text) 


Commercial farms — Continued 


Other farms 




Class IV 


Class V 


Class VI 


Part-time 


Resident ial 


Abnormal 




Livestock on hand: 














1 




350 


240 


135 


180 


155 


1 


2 


1950... 


642 


450 


535 


315 


415 


1 


3 


number 1954.. . 


680 


380 


205 


265 


190 


5 


4 


1950... 


1,498 


1,010 


1,040 


600 


665 


8 


5 




615 


405 


165 


250 


260 


1 


6 


1950... 


767 


535 


455 


285 


360 


1 


7 


number 1954 . . . 


8,965 


3,475 


1,050 


1,420 


790 


243 


e 


1950... 


10,769 


4,725 


2,235 


1,100 


1,065 


178 


9 


Cows, Including heifers that 


















565 


370 


155 


185 


185 


1 


10 


1950... 


727 


525 


420 


265 


310 


1 


11 


number 1954 . . . 


4,720 


1,785 


570 


485 


320 


72 


12 


1950... 


6,464 


2,775 


1,270 


605 


500 


128 


13 




510 


340 


140 


145 


155 


1 


14 


1950... 


716 


500 


415 


255 


285 


1 


15 


number 1954 . . . 


3,945 


1,445 


380 


305 


235 


72 


16 


1950... 


6,314 


2,620 


1,135 


570 


465 


60 


17 




460 


355 


185 


215 


275 


1 


18 


1950... 


580 


440 


455 


350 


490 


1 


19 


number 1954 .. . 


4,195 


1,945 


1,465 


1,585 


1,115 


261 


20 


1950... 


4,705 


3,315 


2,480 


2,385 


2,175 


150 


21 


Chickens 4 months old and over. .farms reporting 1954... 


655 


495 


250 


330 


475 




22 


1950... 


697 


580 


610 


435 


695 


1 


23 


number 1954 . . . 


128,375 


55,900 


16,305 


21,100 


18,760 




24 


1950 . . . 
Livestock and livestock products sold: 


74,656 


68,045 


59,565 


26,665 


25,670 


300 


25 


Cattle and calves sold alive. .. .farms reporting 1954... 


460 


300 


100 


130 


30 


1 


26 


1949... 


712 


435 


285 


185 


115 


1 


27 


number 1954 . . . 


3,835 


1,470 


480 


535 


50 


100 


28 


1949... 


4,330 


2,055 


895 


505 


180 


62 


29 


dollars 1954... 


226,640 


71,575 


21,395 


28,160 


1,965 


6,750 


30 


1949... 


246,106 


97,875 


47,635 


28,215 


7,405 


10,700 


31 




255 


150 


90 


110 


80 


1 


32 


1949 . . . 


360 


265 


250 


245 


155 


1 


33 


number 1954 .. . 


4,625 


2,260 


1,010 


1,555 


655 


220 


34 


1949... 


4,290 


3,310 


1,930 


2,415 


1,135 


80 


35 


dollars 1954... 


125,980 


63,065 


22,180 


26,305 


7,180 


8,000 


36 


1949 . . . 




74,285 


39,460 


51,055 


15,905 


3,200 


37 




410 


215 


50 


75 


100 




38 


1949 . . . 


530 


355 


240 


185 


135 


6 


39 


dollars 1954... 


431,990 


67,480 


5,515 


13,055 


4,385 




40 


1949 . . . 


1,035,075 


281,160 


30,375 


42,955 


7,405 


200,340 


41 




375 


220 


120 


90 


90 




42 


1949... 


430 


335 


415 


195 


245 


1 


43 


dozens 1954 . . . 


905,375 


254,720 


45,700 


39,395 


18,020 




44 


1949... 


625,305 


707,530 


242,165 


97,375 


25,595 


3,000 


45 


dollars 1954... 


384,685 


108,625 


20,700 


14,000 


8,050 


... 


46 


1949... 


314,165 


340,475 


101,085 


47,940 


11, 160 


1,700 


47 




15,672,906 
549,930 


3 762,974 


250,863 


181,400 
4,500 




430,069 


48 


dollars 1954... 


137,950 


5,770 




25,000 


49 


1949... 
Specified crops harvested: 


1,022,877 


235,110 


40,725 


9,145 


385 


16,200 


50 




805 


625 


275 


470 


335 


1 


51 


1949... 


883 


685 


660 


490 


655 


1 


52 


acres 1954. .. 


21,975 


12,360 


4,665 


6,515 


1,580 


137 


53 


1949... 


19,195 


13,155 


9,715 


6,305 


4,170 


150 


54 
55 


Corn harvested for grain farms reporting 1954... 

1949... 


805 
858 


625 
675 


275 
640 


465 
435 


315 
605 


1 
1 


56 


acres 1954. . . 


21,095 


12,050 


4,615 


6,430 


1,540 


100 


57 


1949... 


18,240 


12,940 


9,635 


5,750 


3,995 


125 


58 


bushels harvested 1954... 


747,395 


367,810 


114,900 


164,455 


37,825 


2,500 


59 


1949... 


592,520 


407,865 


249,700 


152,960 


83,890 


2,876 


60 


bushels sold 1954.. . 


400,055 


224,230 


58,780 


96,250 


8,400 




61 


1949... 


204,666 


126,555 


70,495 


57,390 


9,420 




62 


Wheat threshed or combined farms reporting 1954... 


305 


125 


25 


60 






63 


1949... 


535 


310 


130 


115 


35 




64 


acres 1954 . . . 


4,680 


1,185 


205 


360 






65 


1949. . . 


11,195 


4,805 


1,505 


1,675 


340 




66 


bushels harvested 1954... 


104,485 


23,230 


3,475 


6,805 






67 


1949 . . . 


180,770 


79,965 


26,040 


22,070 


5,800 




68 


bushels sold 1954. . . 


84,285 


17,795 


2,275 


6,330 






69 


1949... 


129,2/ 


60,010 


12,395 


17,080 


3,350 




70 


Soybeans harvested for beans .... farms reporting 1954... 


460 


435 


150 


215 


65 


1 


71 


1949... 


466 


386 


340 


190 


140 


1 


72 


acres 1954... 


11,835 


7,880 


2,075 


2,745 


265 


23 


73 


1949 . . . 


9,910 


6,700 


4,495 


3,075 


1,135 


32 


74 


bushels harvested 1954... 


198,740 


124,350 


26,775 


34,355 


2,130 


400 


75 


1949... 


140,950 


97,260 


54,365 


42,440 


9,530 


459 


76 


Vegetables harvested for sale — farms reporting 1954... 


245 


150 


70 


85 


40 


1 


77 


1949... 


426 


355 


275 


170 


160 


1 


78 


dollars 1954... 


280,695 


91,510 


17,040 


19,190 


5,250 


3,000 


79 


1949. . . 


365,680 


199,665 


80,660 


34,560 


16,355 


1,600 


80 




8,495 


2,735 


1,290 


1,270 


640 


98 


81 


1949... 


11,139 


5,870 


2,785 


1,775 


1,815 




82 


tons 1954 3 . . 


9,410 


3,430 


865 


1,345 


740 


135 



84 



STATISTICS FOR STATE ECONOMIC AREAS 



Economic Area Table 4.-FARMS, ACREAGE, VALUE, AND USE OF COMMERCIAL 

[Data are based on reports for only 



Item 
(For definitions and explanations, see text) 



The State (Areas 1 and A) 



Total 
all 

farms 



Type of farm 



Cash-grain 



Other 
field-crop 



Vegetable 



Fruit-and-nut 



FARMS, ACREAGE, AND VALUE 

Farms number 1954. 

1950. 

Land in farms acres 1954. 

1950. 

Average size of farm acres 1954. 

1950. 
Value of land and buildings: 

Average per farm dollars 1954. 

1950. 

Average per acre dollars 1954. 

1950. 
Proportion of farms reporting value percent 1954. 

Land in faras according to use: 

Cropland harvested farms reporting 1954. 

1949. 
acres 1954 . 

1949. 

1 to 9 acres farms reporting 1954. 

10 to 19 acres farms reporting 1954. 

20 to 29 acres farms reporting 1954. 

30 to 49 acres farms reporting 1954. 

50 to 99 acres farms reporting 1954. 

100 to 199 acres farms reporting 1954. 

200 to 499 acres farms reporting 1954. 

500 acres and over farms reporting 1954. 

Cropland used only for pasture. .farms reporting 1954. 

1949. 
acres 1954. 
1949. 
Cropland not harvested and not 

pastured farms reporting 1954. 

1949. 
acres 1954. 
1949. 
Cropland used only for crops not harvested 

and not pastured farms reporting, 1954. 

acres 1954. 

Cropland lying idle farms reporting 1954. 

acres 1954. 

Woodland pastured farms reporting 1954. 

acres 1954. 

Woodland not pastured farms reporting 1954. 

acres 1954. 
Other pasture (not cropland and 

not woodland) farms reporting 1954. 

acres 1954. 

Improved (see text) farms reporting 1954. 

acres 1954. 
Other land (house lots, roads, 

wasteland, etc.) farms reporting 1954. 

acres 1954. 

Cropland, total farms reporting 1954. 

1949. 

acres 1954. 

1949. 

Land pastured, total farms reporting 1954. 

1949. 

acres 1954. 

1949. 

Woodland, total farms reporting 1954. 

1949. 

acres 1954. 

1949. 

Irrigated land in farms farms reporting 1954. 

1949. 
acres 1954. 
1949. 
Cover crops turned under and land planted 

to another crop farms reporting 1954. 

acres 1954. 
Cropland used for row or grain crops 

farmed on contour farms reporting 1954. 

acres 1954. 

USE OF COMMERCIAL FERTILIZER 

Crops on which coaaercial fertilizer was used, 1954: 

Hay and cropland pastured farms reporting. 

tons, 
acres on which used. 

Other pasture farms reporting . 

tons, 
acres on which used. 

Corn farms reporting. 

tons, 
acres on which used. 

Wheat farms reporting. 

tons, 
acres on which used. 

Fruits, vegetables, potatoes, etc.... farms reporting. 

tons, 
acres on which used. 

Other crops # farms reporting. 

tons, 
acres on which used. 



6,291 
7,452 
813,150 
855,410 
129.3 
114.8 

18 , 666 
12,561 
152.87 
115.01 
72 



5,528 

6,503 

410,503 

386,079 

740 

572 

628 

860 

1,492 

889 

305 

42 

2,788 

3,757 

60,596 

77,846 

1,655 

2,953 

36,145 

75,390 

450 

9,427 

1,289 

26,718 

547 

24,032 

4,012 

191,286 

1,073 

35,374 

365 

9,444 

5,921 

55,214 

5,846 

6,870 

507,244 

539,315 

3,722 

4,557 

120,002 

119,144 

4,332 

5,064 

215,318 

215,895 

99 

1 

6,850 

5 

1,430 
52,928 

65 
4,306 



1,237 
5,688 
30,955 
127 
596 
4,385 

4,278 

29,724 
148,519 

1,223 
5,807 
29,605 

1,104 
19,329 
36,969 

2,079 
13,669 
65,086 



1,147 

611 

186,352 

105,084 

162.5 

172.0 

16,518 
13,016 
107.25 
78.26 

72 



1,147 

611 

102,435 

52,802 

15 

50 

120 

240 

425 

195 

95 

7 

499 

324 

8,145 

5,453 

329 

285 

8,195 

12,143 

66 

1,355 

279 

6,840 

91 

2,960 

876 

46,924 

145 
4,L45 

50 
520 

1,072 

13,548 

1,147 

611 

118,775 

70,398 

634 

374 

15,250 

9,078 

926 

460 

49,884 

25,896 

5 

50 



304 

10,040 



15 
1,375 



168 

583 

2,873 

10 

32 

170 

966 
7,552 
38,880 

250 
1,396 
7,170 

156 
454 

1,780 
479 

3,131 
21,015 



55 
10 
12,900 
1,315 
234.5 
131.5 

61,875 
30,000 
248.62 
121.95 
73 



55 

10 

10,455 

1,185 



5 

30 
20 

10 
190 



25 

5 

465 

25 

15 
125 

10 

340 

5 

50 

30 
900 

10 
125 



45 

715 

55 

10 

11,110 

1,210 

20 



365 



950 
60 
40 

4,685 



5,275 



218 

324 

64,972 

54,824 

298.0 

169.2 

25,568 

12,997 

110.65 

76.50 

68 



218 

324 

32,223 

27,356 

20 

20 

25 

15 

60 

31 

35 

12 

115 

164 

2,303 

3,285 

40 

124 

3,215 

3,546 

21 

2,75o 

24 

459 

21 

6,668 

183 

15,964 

30 
1,285 



203 

3,314 

218 

324 

37,741 

34,187 

145 

205 

10,256 

4,400 

193 

248 

22,632 

12,B71 

16 

1,135 



89 
8,009 



29 

170 
,020 



20 


178 


195 


2,025 


810 


6,904 


5 


26 


20 


168 


135 


665 


55 


173 


7,251 


6,846 


7,535 


15,400 


25 


108 


575 


3,012 


1,325 


6,635 



DELAWARE 



85 



FERTILIZER, BY TYPE OF FARM: CENSUSES OF 1954 AND 1950 

a sample of farms. See text} 



(For definitions and explanations, see text) 



The State (Areas 1 and A) — Continued 



Type of farm — Continued 



Dairy 



Poultry 



Livestock 

other than 

dairy and 

poultry 



Primarily 
crop 



Primarily 
1 ivestock 



Crop and 
1 ivestock 



Miscellaneous 
and 

unclassified 



FARMS, ACREAGE, AND VALUE 

Farms number 1954. 

1950. 

Land in farms acres 1954. 

1950. 

Average size of farm acres 1954. 

1950. 
Value of land and buildings: 

Average per farm dollars 1954. 

1950. 

Average per acre dollars 1954. 

1950. 
Proportion of farms reporting value percent 1954. 

Land in faras according to use: 

Cropland harvested farms reporting 1954. 

1949. 
acres 1954. 

1949. 

1 to 9 acres farms reporting 1954. 

10 to 19 acres farms reporting 1954. 

20 to 29 acres farms reporting 1954. 

30 to 49 acres farms reporting 1954 . 

50 to 99 acres farms reporting 1954. 

100 to 199 acres farms reporting 1954. 

200 to 499 acres farms reporting 1954. 

500 acres and over farms reporting 1954. 

Cropland used only for pasture. .farms reporting 1954. 

1949. 
acres 1954. 
1949. 
Cropland not harvested and not 

pastured farms reporting 1954. 

1949. 
acres 1954. 
1949. 
Cropland used only for crops not harvested 

and not pastured farms reporting 1954. 

acres 1954. 

Cropland lying idle farms reporting 1954. 

acres 1954. 

Woodland pastured farms reporting 1954. 

acres 1954. 

Woodland not pastured farms reporting 1954. 

acres 1954. 
Other pasture (not cropland and 

not woodland) farms reporting 1954. 

acres 1954. 

Improved (see text) farms reporting 1954. 

acres 1954. 
Other land (house lots, roads, 

wasteland, etc.) farms reporting 1954. 

acres 1954. 

Cropland, total farms reporting 1954. 

1949. 

acres 1954. 

1949. 

Land pastured, total farms reporting 1954. 

1949. 

acres 1954. 

1949. 

Woodland, total farms reporting 1954. 

1949. 

acres 1954. 

1949. 

Irrigated land in farms farms reporting 1954. 

1949. 
acres 1954. 
1949. 
Cover crops turned under and land planted 

to another crop farms reporting 1954. 

acres 1954. 
Cropland used for row or grain crops 

farmed on contour farms reporting 1954. 

acres 1954. 

USE OF COMMERCIAL FERTILIZER 

Oops on which coaBercial fertili&er us used, 19S4: 

Hay and cropland pastured farms reporting. 

tons, 
acres on which used. 

Other pasture farms reporting. 

tons, 
acres on which used. 

Corn farms reporting. 

tons, 
acres on which used. 

Wheat farms reporting. 

tons, 
acres on which used. 

Fruits, vegetables, potatoes, etc. .. .farms reporting. 

tons, 
acres on which used. 

Other crops farms reporting. 

tons, 
acres on which used. 



921 

1,229 

173,210 

232,955 

188.1 

189.5 

28,003 
20,805 
154.90 
117.18 
65 



921 

1,224 

88,663 

110,701 

10 

30 

45 

100 

355 

325 

56 

710 

982 

24,110 

35,906 

175 

371 

4,260 

10,925 

50 

770 

125 

3,490 

130 

3,925 

666 

27,181 

371 

14,585 

135 

2,905 

901 

10,486 

921 

1,229 

117,033 

157,532 

906 

1,154 

42,620 

49,486 

736 

918 

il,106 

45,281 

15 

220 



175 
4,240 



30 
2,005 



481 

2,465 

14,738 

55 

268 

1,255 

851 
5,680 
31,870 

506 
2,217 
L2,780 

81 

465 

1,093 

525 

1,950 

10,620 



1,915 

2,466 

179,373 

212,472 

93.7 

86.2 

15,551 
10,660 
158.74 
125.39 
76 



1,498 

1,897 

89,278 

98,347 

210 

167 

188 

295 

442 

147 

43 



629 

1,070 
8,244 

9,517 

409 

947 

6,720 

19,580 

143 
1,403 

298 
5,317 

101 

4,538 

1,154 

55,969 

198 

3,071 

92 

994 

1,806 

11,553 

1,576 

2,074 

104,242 

127,444 

859 

1,269 

15.853 

15,140 

1,233 

1,627 

60,507 

64,807 

10 

343 



453 

13,144 



246 
752 
3,802 
24 
82 
615 

1,085 
7,604 

41,046 

170 

454 

2,255 

267 
1,322 
2,876 

392 
2,100 
10,963 



224 

248 

45,605 

51,846 

203.6 

209.1 

30,556 
24,083 
161.21 
116.36 
63 



213 

243 
14,044 
17,068 
25 
25 
25 
40 
45 
45 



132 

182 

6,672 

9,163 

52 

134 

3,007 

4,061 

16 

375 

42 

2,632 

53 

2,846 

117 

5,391 

77 
7,0o0 

42 
4,215 

214 

6,585 

218 

243 

23,723 

30,292 

199 

213 

16,578 

15,181 

153 

188 

8,237 

11,232 



45 
1,935 



7 
265 



76 

441 

2,390 

22 

154 

2,005 

178 
1,898 
7,203 

48 
186 

762 

20 
18 

105 
78 

336 
1,799 



121 

120 

21,229 

16,345 

175.4 

136.2 

17,327 
14,808 
106.71 
108.76 
71 



121 
120 

13,204 
8,850 

5 
10 
20 
30 
30 

5 
15 

6 

71 

55 

1,080 

855 

26 

45 

204 

760 

16 

134 
15 
70 

20 

365 

81 

4,512 

15 
400 

10 
275 

116 

1,464 

121 

120 

14,488 

10,465 

76 

75 

1,845 

1,290 

96 

95 

4,877 

4,505 

5 

80 



46 
1,851 



36 

132 

1,005 

5 

20 

225 

91 

834 

3,135 

30 

315 

1,590 

76 
1,136 
3,822 

50 

224 

1,260 



41 
120 
9,047 
15,920 
220.7 
132.7 

23,888 
7,663 

119.66 
56.50 



41 

120 

4,233 

6,065 



5 
25 



35 

110 

1,510 

1,970 

5 

40 

50 

1,625 



15 

405 

31 

2,171 

6 

413 

1 

30 

41 

265 

41 

120 

5,793 

9,660 

41 

115 

2,328 

2,925 

36 

110 

2,576 

3,020 



16 
235 



1 
190 



26 

278 

1,093 

1 

10 

30 

36 
590 

1,810 

21 
82 
297 



6 

15 
25 
66 
310 



228 

385 

48,719 

65,048 

213.7 

169.0 

24,404 
12,296 
111.61 
79.77 
69 



228 

385 

30,108 

34,659 

5 

5 

25 

15 

75 



182 

277 

4,990 

5,255 

37 

144 

195 

5,103 



90 
26 
105 

50 

1,390 

173 

9,907 

36 

705 
10 
75 

218 

1,424 

228 

385 

35,293 

45,017 

217 

349 

7,085 

8,242 

188 

314 

11,297 

14,401 



3,253 



86 

575 

2,680 



183 
1,780 
8,110 

111 

876 

3,100 

108 

1,091 

2,791 

127 

892 

5,445 



86 



STATISTICS FOR STATE ECONOMIC AREAS 



Economic Area Table 5.-FARM FACILITIES, OFF-FARM WORK, WORK POWER, FARM LABOR, 

' [Data are based on reports for only 



Item 
(For definitions and explanations, see text) 



The State (Areas 1 and A) 



Total 
all 
farms 



Type of farm 



Cash-grain 



Other 
field-crop 



Vegetable 



Fruit-and-nut 



SPECIFIED FACILITIES AND EQUIPMENT 

Telephone farms reporting 1954. 

Electricity farms reporting 1954. 

1950. 

Television set farms reporting 1954. 

Piped running water farms reporting 1954. 

Home freezer farms reporting 1954 . 

Electric pig brooder farms reporting 1954. 

Power feed grinder farms reporting 1954 . 

Milking machine farms reporting 1954. 

Grain combines farms reporting 1954. 

number 1954. 
Corn pickers farms reporting 1954 . 

number 1954. 
Pick-up hay balers farms reporting 1954 . 

number 1954. 
Field forage harvesters farms reporting 1954. 

number 1954. 

Motortrucks farms reporting 1954 . 

number 1954 . 

Tractors, other than garden farms reporting 1954. 

1950. 

number 1954 . 

1950. 

Automobiles farms reporting 1954. 

number 1954. 



OFF-FARM WORK AND OTHER INCOME 

Far* operators — 

With other income of family exceeding value 
of farm products sold operators reporting 

Working off their farms, 
total operators reporting 

100 or more days operators reporting 

FARMS BY CLASS OF WORK POWER 

No tractor, horses, or mules farms reporting 

No trac tor but horses and/or 

mules farms reporting 

Tractor and horses and/or mules ... -farms reporting 
Tractor and no horses or mules farms reporting 

FARM LABOR 
Week of October 24-30: 

Family and/or hired workers farms reporting 

persons 
Family workers, including 

operator farms reporting 

Operators working 1 or more 

hours persons 

Unpaid members of operator's 

family farms reporting 

persons 

Hired workers farms reporting 

persons 
Regular workers (to be employed 150 

or more days ) farms reporting 

persons 
Seasonal workers (to be employed less 

than 150 days ) farms reporting 

persons 

SPECIFIED FARM EXPENDITURES 

Specified farm expenditures 1 farms reporting 

Machine hire and/or hired 

labor farms reporting 

Machine hire farms reporting 

dollars 
Hired labor farms reporting 

dollars 

$1 to $2 ,499 farms reporting 

$2,500 and over farms reporting 



Feed for livestock and poultry. -farms reporting 

dollars 

Gasoline and other petroleum fuel 
and oil farms reporting 

dollars 

Commercial fertilizer and fertilizing 

material farms reporting 

dollars 

tons 

acres on which used 

Lime and liming material farms reporting 

tons 

dollars 

acres lLmed 



1954. 
1949. 

1954. 
1949. 
1954. 
1949. 



1954. 
1954. 
1954. 



1954. 
1954. 



1954. 

1954. 
1954. 
1954. 
1954. 

1954. 
1954. 

1954. 
1954. 



1954. 

1954. 
1954. 
1954. 
1954. 
1949. 
1954. 
1949. 
1954. 
1954. 

1954. 
1949. 
1954. 
1949. 

1954. 
1949. 
1954. 
1949. 

1954. 
1954. 
1954. 
1954. 
1954. 
1954. 
1954. 
1954. 



5,300 
5,993 
6,112 
3,785 
5,375 
3,279 
67 
537 
1,129 

1,603 

1,671 

1,784 

1,858 

693 

695 

281 

282 

3,786 
5,191 
4,537 
3,785 
7,826 
5,586 
5,198 
7,055 



1,889 
1,921 

2,437 
2,667 
1,804 
1,844 



1,282 

472 
1,477 
3,060 



5,594 
13,716 

5,385 

5,301 

1,886 
2,642 
1,921 
5,773 

1,030 
2,810 

1,146 
2,963 



6,276 

4,720 

3,470 

829,882 

3,523 

3,840 

7,780,063 

5,693,380 

2,958 

565 

4,898 

5,494 

40,655,476 

36,988,449 

4,885 

4,478 

2,559,474 

1,820,262 

4,884 

3,907,116 

75,080 

315,992 

1,505 

38,894 

309,107 

48,761 



936 

1,062 

452 

535 

891 

590 

15 

93 

92 

404 
427 
419 
441 
133 
133 
25 
25 

721 
845 
936 
359 

1,588 
572 
952 

1,238 



246 
70 

378 

156 

256 

65 



60 
286 

650 



976 
1,786 



268 
366 
279 
496 

104 
162 

197 
334 



1,147 

921 

723 

174,882 

631 

331 

479,596 

245,363 

593 

38 

570 

3LS 

466,960 

280,643 

926 

406 
415,630 
164,838 

1,017 

702,584 

13,179 

71,545 

337 

8,357 

75,320 

10,510 



50 

185 

50 

5 

175 

25 

55 

95 



55 

440 



50 
385 



30 
335 



163 
213 
222 
136 
183 
101 

21 
48 

66 
76 
72 
84 
14 
14 
10 
10 

188 
312 
188 
183 
495 
395 
176 
263 



25 

46 
142 



218 
1,054 



75 
132 

83 
714 

43 
181 

65 
533 





55 


183 




15 


123 




4,200 


45,245 




55 


168 




5 


163 




471,980 


658,660 




3,750 


424,396 
110 




55 


58 

166 

175 

278,189 

172,714 




55 


208 




5 


208 




114,165 


215,628 




1,000 


121,344 




55 


213 




439,230 


615,945 




8,035 


12,288 




9,805 


30,679 




25 


72 




1,100 


5,228 




9,025 


45,824 




1,525 


5,875 



-''Excludes farms reporting commercial fertilizer and lime. 



DELAWARE 

AND FARM EXPENDITURES, BY TYPE OF FARM: CENSUSES OF 1954 AND 1950 



87 



a sample of farms. See text] 



Item 
(For definitions and explanations, see text) 



SPECIFIED FACILITIES AND EQUIPMENT 

Telephone farms reporting 1954. 

Electricity farms reporting 1954. 

1950. 

Television set farms reporting 1954. 

Piped running water farms reporting 1954 . 

Home freezer farms reporting 1954 . 

Electric pig brooder farms reporting 1954. 

Power feed grinder farms reporting 1954 . 

Milking machine farms reporting 1954. 

Grain combines farms reporting 1954 . 

number 1954. 

Corn pickers farms reporting 1954. 

number 1954. 

Pick-up hay balers farms reporting 1954 . 

number 1954 . 

Field forage harvesters farms reporting 1954. 

number 1954. 

Motortrucks farms reporting 1954 . 

number 1954. 

Tractors, other than garden farms reporting 1954. 

1950. 

number 1954. 

1950. 

Automobiles farms reporting 1954 . 

number 1954. 



OFF-FARM WORK AND OTHER INCOME 

Faro operators — 

With other income of family exceeding value 
of farm products sold operators reporting 

Working off their farms, 
total operators reporting 

100 or more days operators reporting 

FARMS BY CLASS OF WORK POWER 

No tractor, horses, or mules farms reporting 

No trac tor but horses and/or 

mules farms reporting 

Tractor and horses and/or mules. .. .farms reporting 
Tractor and no horses or mules farms reporting 

FARM LABOR 

Week of October 24-30: 

Family and/or hired workers farms reporting 

persons 
Family workers, including 

opera tor farms reporting 

Operators working 1 or more 

hours persons 

Unpaid members of operator's 

family farms reporting 

persons 

Hired workers farms reporting 

persons 
Regular workers ( to be employed 150 

or more days) farms reporting 

persons 
Seasonal workers (to be employed less 

than 150 days ) farms reporting 

persons 

SPECIFIED FARM EXPENDITURES 

Specified farm expenditures 1 farms reporting 

Machine hire and/or hired 

labor farms reporting 

Machine hire farms reporting 

dollars 
Hired labor farms reporting 

dollars 

$1 to $2 ,499 farms reporting 

$2,500 and over farms reporting 

Feed for livestock and poultry. .farms reporting 

dollars 



Casoline and other petroleum fuel 
and oil farms reporting 

dollars 

Commercial fertilizer and fertilizing 

material farms reporting 

dollars 

tons 

acres on which used 

Lime and liming material farms reporting 

tons 

dollars 

acres limed 



1954. 
1949. 

1954. 
1949. 
1954. 
1949. 



1954. 
1954. 
1954. 



1954. 
1954. 



1954. 

1954. 
1954. 
1954. 
1954. 

1954. 
1954. 

1954. 
1954. 



1954. 

1954. 
1954. 
1954. 
1954. 
1949. 
1954. 
1949. 
1954. 
1954. 

1954. 
1949. 
1954. 
1949. 

1954. 
1949. 
1954. 
1949. 

1954. 
1954. 
1954. 
1954. 
1954. 
1954. 
1954. 
1954. 



The State (Areas 1 and A)— Continued 



Type of farm — Continued 



Dairy 



791 
876 
1,097 
656 
831 
581 
11 
176 
711 

486 
496 

411 
416 
376 
377 
181 
182 

721 

880 

851 

1,048 

1,707 

1,610 

730 

1,035 



60 


442 


65 


508 


200 


634 


200 


809 


65 


475 


95 


540 



45 
351 
500 



886 
2,260 

865 

865 

360 
575 
471 
820 

256 
360 

260 
460 



921 

836 

650 

194,925 

716 

958 

876,510 

1,165,805 

630 

86 

851 

1,114 
1,515,165 
1,790,724 

821 

1,124 

499,035 

529,412 

891 

705,535 

13,177 

72,736 

346 

. 

56,770 

8,360 



Poultry 



1,720 

1,867 

2,230 

1,151 

1,775 

1,044 

30 

133 

103 

328 

350 

533 

557 

37 

37 

28 

28 

1,097 
1,521 
1,263 
1,106 
1,856 
1,479 
1,683 
2,304 



121 
370 
893 



1,769 
4,322 

1,657 

1,621 

716 

885 

603 

1,816 

364 
1,153 

332 
663 



1,915 

1,350 

911 

212,299 

1,093 

1,422 

2,500,400 

2,491,892 

922 

171 

1,889 

2,151 

36,781,753 

33,418,425 

1,421 

1,510 

801,495 

592,227 

1,268 

643,847 

12,429 

61,943 

290 

6,239 

51,414 

9,212 



Livestock 

other than 

dairy and 

poultry 



204 

224 

211 

154 

204 

164 

5 

43 

10 

56 

56 
87 
97 
28 
28 
10 
10 

108 
197 
183 
147 
318 
246 
192 
297 



204 
522 



104 
274 



63 
194 



Primarily 
crop 



224 

189 

122 

44,511 

169 

142 

490,470 

262,706 

141 

28 

192 

193 

405,203 

239,731 

203 

168 

90,938 

76, 124 

199 

144,693 

2,970 

14,389 

118 

5,048 

29,662 



101 
121 
80 
76 
101 
36 

6 

1 

46 
46 
31 
31 
11 
11 
5 
5 

101 
159 
113. 
75 
224 
135 
101 
139 



101 

215 

101 

100 

36 
58 
36 
57 

31 
47 

6 
10 



Primarily 
livestock 



121 

101 

86 

15,463 

61 

65 

1..'."." 

85,695 

45 

16 

86 

70 

47,643 

38,260 

106 

80 

^8,720 

66,655 

111 

120,935 

2,674 

10,997 

35 

550 

5,250 

505 



26 

41 
85 
16 

41 

31 

11 
26 

21 
21 
16 
16 
16 
16 
5 
5 

41 
52 
41 
90 
79 
115 
36 
56 



41 
137 



41 

41 

30 
11,470 

36 

110 

69,340 

39,615 

30 



41 

120 

242,1 10 

253,380 

41 

120 

25,210 

33,600 

36 

57,787 

1,033 

3,550 

16 

170 

l,37o 

195 



Crop and 
livestock 



198 
223 
309 
162 
198 
148 

72 
111 

118 
120 
127 
127 
47 
48 
16 
16 

183 
283 
213 
265 
437 
407 
208 
320 



21 

36 

67 
86 
26 
25 



10 
96 

117 



228 
818 

226 

221 

125 
185 
118 
412 

48 

105 

91 
307 



228 

218 

181 

.Ma-. 

163 

265 

295,160 

192,883 

135 

28 

228 

3"0 
661,230 
430,863 

208 

295 

153,515 

131,783 

208 

263,333 

5,193 

22,118 

97 

2,345 

19,865 

3,196 



Miscellaneous 

and 
unclassified 



1,085 
1,290 
1,403 

838 
1,080 

533 

27 
22 

52 
53 
62 
63 
21 
21 
1 
1 

555 
721 
680 
493 
879 
565 
1,049 
1,252 



1,000 
1,140 

985 
1,205 

870 
1,060 



190 
164 
51f 



1,090 
2,011 

1,078 

1,063 

236 
326 
145 
622 



59 
438 



88 
184 



1,380 

805 

613 

58,381 

415 

3o0 

1,562,427 

12,301 

352 

63 

854 

971 

231,085 

362,090 

875 

543 

168,144 

89,061 

660 

175,835 

3,2o8 

15,089 

1,400 
12,930 
2,021 



88 



STATISTICS FOR STATE ECONOMIC AREAS 



Economic Area Table 6.-LIVESTOCK ON HAND, LIVESTOCK SOLD, AND 

[Data are based on reports for only 



Item 
(For definitions and explanations, see text) 



The State (Areas 1 and A) 



Total 
all 

farms 



Type of farm 



Cash-grain 



Other 

field-crop 



Fruit-and-nut 



Livestock on hand: 

Horses and mules farms reporting 1954.. 

1950. 

number 1954. 

1950. 

All cattle and calves farms reporting 1954. 

1950. 
number 1954. 
1950. 
Cows, including heifers that 

have calved farms reporting 1954 . 

1950. 

number 1954. 

1950. 

Milk cows farms reporting 1954. 

1950. 

number 1954. 

1950. 

All hogs and pigs farms reporting 1954. 

1950. 

number 1954. 

1950. 

Chickens 4 months old and over.. farms reporting 1954. 

1950. 

number 1954. 

1950. 



Livestock ntnl livestock products 


sold: 




Cattle and calves sold alive. 


..farms reporting 


1954. 
1949. 




number 


1954. 
1949. 




dollars 


1954. 
1949. 






1954. 
1949. 




number 


1954. 
1949. 




dollars 


1954. 
1949. 






1954. 
1949. 




dollars 


1954. 
1949. 






1954. 
1949. 




dozens 


1954. 
1949. 




dollars 


1954. 
1949. 






1954. 




dollars 


1954. 
1949. 


Specified crops harvested: 










1954. 
1949. 




acres 


1954. 
1949. 


Corn harvested for grain. . 


..farms reporting 


1954. 
1949. 




acres 


1954. 
1949. 




bushels harvested 


1954. 
1949. 




bushels sold 


1954. 
1949. 


Wheat threshed or combined. . . 


..farms reporting 


1954. 
1949. 




acres 


1954. 
1949. 




bushels harvested 


1954. 
1949. 




bushels sold 


1954. 
1949. 


Soybeans harvested for beans. 


. . . farms reporting 


1954. 
1949. 




acres 


1954. 
1949. 




bushels harvested 


1954. 
1949. 


Vegetables harvested for sale 


. . . farms reporting 


1954. 
1949. 




dollars 


1954. 
1949. 




acres 








1949. 




tons 


1954 3 



1,949 
3,904 
3,621 
8,507 
3,542 
4,240 
67,495 
62,380 

3,201 
4,008 
37,494 
35,487 
2,873 
3,920 
31,829 
33,548 

3,130 

4,041 

44,452 

39,006 

3,851 

4,994 

764,536 

750,393 



2,538 

3,274 

29,745 

23,458 

1,708,649 
1,524,676 

1,633 

2,523 

51,161 

41, 102 

1,892,909 

916,206 

2,804 

3,773 

43,224,176 

53,169,201 

1,554 

2,682 

6,290,935 

6,329,691 

4,153,138 

3,416,798 

172,676,278 

6,964,099 

7,164,745 



4,989 
5,668 

173,311 
131,947 

4,948 

5,477 

163,254 
125,039 

6,118,233 

■., ■■ ', '. 

3,613,401 

1,553,435 

1,468 
2,241 

33,298 
58,234 

813,050 
995,607 

725,715 
762,677 

2,672 
2,561 

79,829 
59,310 

1,430,985 
862,809 

1,366 

2,280 

4,211,588 
3,696,276 

55,178 
60,729 
70,603 



34o 
304 
602 
686 
645 
314 
6,971 
2,756 

575 

284 

3,740 

1,427 

534 

274 

2,944 

1,244 

586 

276 

5,818 

1,803 

669 

309 

50,080 

21,270 

445 

213 

2,852 

1,023 

159,380 

59,370 

280 

151 

5,035 

1,370 

119,055 

35,815 

212 

82 

153,951 

132,555 

267 

172 

196,860 

111,514 

94,145 

44,184 

,872,058 

339,228 

105,079 



1,101 

570 

47,605 
19,770 

1,101 
570 

46,635 
19,555 

1,688,040 
666,215 

1,302,470 
456,915 

290 
279 

8,395 
8,095 

196,107 

141,459 

181,525 
107,089 

866 

410 

34,420 
14,024 

625,755 
212,839 

187 
182 

138,899 
91,576 

7,196 
4,802 
9,712 



10 
435 



20 
10 

790 
360 

20 
10 

790 
260 

28,850 
7,700 

28,850 
7,300 



135 
4,250 

4,250 

25 

1,105 

22,825 



45 
10 

315,450 
1,250 



71 
197 
114 
390 
116 
154 
2,462 
1,871 

114 

149 

1,370 

1,033 

103 

138 

1,195 

930 

116 

212 

700 

2,105 

159 

197 

13,882 

15,235 

74 

124 

898 

497 

54,943 

28,122 

36 

96 

345 

1,531 

12,760 

23,155 

69 

96 

311,013 

83,265 

45 

90 

50,325 

86,940 

16,615 

48,280 

5,126,420 

196,255 

135,164 



183 

264 

7,309 
4,487 

183 
259 

7,229 

4,412 

306,780 
128,255 

236,640 
24,320 

32 

72 

755 
1,025 

17,915 
14,339 

15,830 
9,789 

121 
150 

3,536 
2,797 

72,245 
41,356 

218 
324 

2,377,430 
1,592,265 

1,970 
2,105 
2,745 



1 For comparability of data on livestock and poultry, see text and State Table 12. 



2 Includes milk equivalent of cream and butterfat sold. 



'Excludes grass silage. 



DELAWARE 



89 



SPECIFIED CROPS, BY TYPE OF FARM: CENSUSES OF 1954 AND 1950 

a sample of farms. See text] 



(For definitions and explanations, see text) 



The State (Areas 1 and A) — Continued 



Type of farm— Continued 



Dairy 



Poultry 



Livestock 

other than 

dairy and 

poul try 



Primarily 
crop 



Primarily 
livestock 



Crop and 
livestock 



Miscellaneous 
and 

unclassified 



Livestock on band: 

Horses and mules farms reporting 

number 

All cattle and calves farms reporting 

number 

Cows, including heifers that 
have calved farms reporting 

number 

Milk cows farms reporting 

number 

All hogs and pigs farms reporting 

number 

Chickens 4 months old and over. -farms reporting 

number 

Livestock and livestock products sold: 

Cattle and calve6 sold alive. .. .farms reporting 

number 
dollars 

Hogs and pigs sold alive farms reporting 

number 
dollars 

Chickens sold farms reporting 

dollars 

Chicken eggs sold farms reporting 

dozens 

dollars 

Milk sold 2 pounds 

dollars 



1954. 
1950. 
1954. 
1950. 
1954. 
1950. 
1954. 
1950. 

1954. 
1950. 
1954. 
1950. 
1954. 
1950. 
1954. 
1950. 

1954. 
1950. 
1954. 
1950. 
1954. 
1950. 
1954. 
1950. 



1954. 
1949. 
1954. 
1949. 
1954. 
1949. 

1954. 
1949. 
1954. 
1949. 
1954. 
1949. 

1954. 
1949. 
1954. 
1949. 
1954. 
1949. 
1954. 
1949. 
1954. 
1949. 
1954. 
1954. 
1949. 



Specified crops harvested: 

Corn for all purposes farms reporting 



Corn harvested for grain farms reporting 

acres 

bushels harvested 

bushels sold 



1954. . 
1949.. 

1954.. 
1949.. 

1954.. 
1949.. 

1954.. 
1949.. 

1954.. 
1949.. 

1954.. 
1949.. 



Wheat threshed or combined farms reporting 1954. 

1949. 



acres 

bushels harvested 

bushels sold 

Soybeans harvested for beans .... farms reporting 

acres 
bushels harvested 

Vegetables harvested for sale... farms reporting 

dollars 

Hay cut acres 

tons 



1954.. 
1949.. 

1954.. 
1949.. 

1954.. 
1949.. 

1954.. 
1949 . . 

1954.. 
1949.. 

1954.. 
1949.. 

1954.. 
1949.. 

1954.. 
1949.. 

1954.. 
1949. . 
1954 3 . 



396 

927 

1,023 

2,674 

921 

1,229 

33,765 

36,806 

921 

1,229 

21,490 

22,582 

916 

1,229 

21,080 

22,367 

531 

862 

5,520 

8,401 

651 

948 

86,360 

92,228 



891 

1,184 

14,340 

12,707 

521,380 

590,488 

326 

506 

6,565 

8,241 

163,825 

154,400 

256 

475 

51,510 

235,810 

356 

540 

428,830 

437,015 

185,035 

213,785 

134,905,076 

5,440,815 

5,951,901 



896 
1,173 

33,090 
33,058 

891 
1,138 

27,720 
29,278 

1,116,625 
1,115,130 

314,935 
295,900 

556 
887 

13,285 
29,455 

327,570 
518,385 

290,120 
392,285 

250 
408 

4,565 
6,773 

85,275 
99,267 

150 
381 

174,865 
257,515 

26,211 
29,567 
32,790 



491 
1,121 

856 
2,070 

787 
1,153 
6,771 
6,851 

710 
1,078 
3,350 
3,408 

595 
1,058 
2,171 
3,234 

967 

1,223 

10,946 

11,351 

1,098 

1,686 

496,184 

495,288 



456 

792 

2,967 

2,772 

165,931 

227,518 

507 

854 

13,076 

13,455 

416,573 

328,594 

1,840 

2,375 

-. . '-'•■ 

51,957,827 

468 

949 

5,052,665 

5,094,913 

3,624,608 

2,817,523 

6,104,974 

233,945 

296,491 



1,386 
1,669 

52,548 
43,332 

1,385 
1,638 

52,324 
42,362 

1,983,533 

1,251,122 

1,220,296 
478,294 

233 
382 

2,918 

5,180 

69,440 
80,047 

58,372 
55,537 

785 
820 

22,131 
22,945 

397,395 
329,769 

379 
577 

420,064 
998,631 

5,328 
8,142 
6,931 



108 

177 
201 
400 
189 
207 
5,486 
4,451 

143 

182 

1,526 

1,706 

98 

171 

404 

670 

153 
206 

14,084 
6,881 
137 
185 
10,645 
14,732 



194 

197 

3,594 

2,819 

446,285 

392,258 

138 

181 

20,339 

8,240 

1,066,400 

!-'■',< 

37 

56 

5,411 

45,139 

51 

83 

46,410 

73,239 

20,395 

33,929 

96,276 

4,675 

29,150 



183 
226 

7,680 
5,895 

178 
216 

5,099 
5,622 

194,310 
163,705 

57,100 
22,949 

58 
70 

852 
2,185 

20,814 
42,879 

17,529 
29,969 

50 
112 

1,035 
1,850 

16,070 
26,200 

15 
61 

1,550 
63,105 

3,231 
3,982 
3,348 



36 
80 
51 

230 

76 

65 

1,183 

475 

76 
55 
442 
145 
56 
50 
120 
130 

61 

55 

227 

730 

91 

80 

15,740 

4,850 



46 

45 

558 

125 

84,460 

12,120 

16 

45 

85 

780 

3,030 

14,815 

41 

40 

7,011 

27,175 

66 

55 

80,590 

22,800 

30,015 

10,315 

230,870 

9,476 

5,455 



106 

115 

3,440 
2,595 

106 
115 

3,240 
2,595 

136,075 
81,525 

110,575 
33,630 

50 
45 

1,910 
925 

57,355 
15,230 

52,425 
13,470 

76 
70 

1,940 
1,430 

33,840 
24,740 

91 
100 

318,092 
123,045 

1,078 
1,020 
1,385 



16 
90 
51 
220 
41 
110 
1,863 
1,460 

41 
110 
882 
960 

41 
110 
675 
945 

21 

75 

337 

690 

26 

100 

14,250 

17,635 



41 
105 
741 
720 
72,920 
44,085 

11 

65 

446 

965 

11,531 

23,315 

41 

100 

146,930 

90,875 

26 

95 

142,195 

152,370 

51,110 

90,825 

3,750,905 

181,890 

163,630 



41 
115 

1,910 
1,890 

41 
115 

1,705 
1,755 

49,670 
60,205 

17,200 
9,925 

21 

90 

337 
1,165 

8,130 
17,340 

6,535 
12,015 

30 
50 

745 
670 

11,200 
10,265 

15 
40 

6,500 
10,575 

1,336 
1,260 
2,462 



106 
254 
203 
523 
197 
350 
5,116 
5,250 

197 

335 

3,126 

2,968 

187 

339 

2,523 

2,918 

182 

273 

3,632 

2,282 

165 

328 

35,405 

34,075 



192 

300 

2,658 

2,019 

106,300 

119,143 

117 

217 

2,705 

2,794 

54,715 

71,920 

117 

208 

424,695 

344,610 

90 

242 

235,520 

215,100 

109,120 

91,817 

12,870,230 

523,315 

452,145 



228 
355 

9,340 
9,305 

223 
350 

9,083 
8,700 

370,140 
304,900 

193,090 
145,071 

141 
259 

3,730 
7,930 

97,830 
132,903 

87,015 
117,118 

163 
200 

6,040 
4,277 

111,950 
61,388 

123 
265 

388,165 
435,774 

5,420 
5,897 
6,960 



90 



STATISTICS FOR STATE ECONOMIC AREAS 



Economic Area Table 7.-FARMS, ACREAGE, VALUE, AND USE OF COMMERCIAL 



[Data are based on reports for only 



Item 
(For definitions and explanations, see text) 



FARMS, ACREAGE, AND VALUE 

Farms number 1954. 

1950. 

Land in farms acres 1954. 

1950. 

Average size of farm acres 1954. 

1950. 
Value of lund and buildings: 

Average per farm dollars 1954 . 

1950. 

Average per acre dollars 1954 . 

1950. 
Proportion of farms reporting value percent 1954. 

Land in farws according to use: 

Cropland harvested farms reporting 1954. 

1949. 
acres 1954. 

1949. 

1 to 9 acres farms reporting 1954. 

10 to 19 acres farms reporting 1954. 

20 to 29 acres farms reporting 1954. 

30 to 49 acres farms reporting 1954. 

50 to 99 acres farms reporting 1954.. 

100 to 199 acres farms reporting 1954.. 

200 to 499 acres farms reporting 1954.. 

500 acres and over farms reporting 1954., 

Cropland used only for pasture.. farms reporting 1954.. 

1949. . 
acres 1954. . 
1949. , 
Cropland not harvested and not 

pastured farms reporting 1954., 

1949. , 
acres 1954. . 
1949.. 
Cropland used only for crops not harvested 

and not pastured farms reporting 1954.. 

acres 1954.. 

Cropland lying idle farms reporting 1954.. 

acres 1954. . 

Woodland pastured farms reporting 1954. . 

acres 1954. . 

Woodland not pastured farms reporting 1954.. 

acres 1954. . 
Other pasture ( not cropland and 

not woodland) farms reporting 1954. . 

acres 1954. . 

Improved (see text) farms reporting 1954.. 

acres 1954.. 
Other land (house lots, roads, 

wasteland, etc.) farms reporting 1954.. 

acres 1954. . 

Cropland, total farms reporting 1954. . 

1949.. 

acres 1954. . 

1949.. 

Land pastured, total farms reporting 1954.. 

1949.. 

acres 1954. . 

1949. . 

Woodland, total farms reporting 1954.. 

1949.. 

acres 1954.. 

1949. . 

Irrigated land in farms farms reporting 1954.. 

1949.. 
acres 1954. . 
1949.. 
Cover crops turned under and land planted 

to another crop farms reporting 1954. . 

acres 1954. . 
Cropland used for row or grain crops 

farmed on contour farms reporting 1954. . 

acres 1954. . 

USE OF COMMERCIAL FERTILIZER 

Crops on which coaaercial fertilizer win used, 1954: 

Hay and cropland pastured farms reporting.. 

tons., 
acres on which used.. 

Other pasture farms reporting . . 

tons. . 
acres on which used.. 

Corn farms reporting. . 

tons.. 

acres on which used.. 

Wheat farms reporting. . 

tons., 
acres OB which used. . 

Fruits, vegetables, potatoes, etc. ...farms reporting.. 

tons. . 
acres on which used.. 

Other crops farms reporting. . 

tons. . 
acres on which used.. 



The State (Areas 1 and A) 



Total 
all 
farms 



6,291 

7,452 

813,150 

855,410 
129.3 
114.8 

18,666 
12,561 

152.87 

115.01 

72 



5,528 

6,503 

410,503 

386,079 

740 

572 

628 

860 

1,492 

889 

305 

42 

2,788 

3,757 

60,596 

77,846 

1,655 

2,953 

36,145 

75,390 

450 

9,427 

1,289 

26,718 

547 

24,032 

4,012 

191,286 

1,073 

35,374 

365 

9,444 

5,921 

55,214 

5,846 

6,870 

507,244 

539,315 

3,722 

4,557 

120,002 

119,144 

4,332 

5,064 

215,318 

215,895 

99 

1 

6,850 



1,430 
52,928 



65 
4,306 



1,237 

5,688 

30,955 

127 

596 

4,385 

4,278 
29,724 
148,519 
1,223 
5,807 
29,605 

1,104 
19,329 
36,969 

2,079 
13,669 
65,086 



Tenure of operator 



Full owners 



3,157 
3,516 
382,405 
379,915 
121.1 
108.1 

16,506 
12,203 
138.75 
112.89 
81 



2,757 

3,009 

182,959 

167,988 

254 

226 

377 

566 

846 

382 

89 

17 

1,410 

1,958 

28,062 

38,316 

765 

1,300 

14,911 

28,575 

219 

2,633 

582 

12,278 

296 
9,401 
2,143 

105 , 170 

441 

13,651 

173 

3,044 

3,020 

28,251 

2,846 

3,170 

225,932 

234,879 

1,810 

2,306 

51,114 

60,465 

2,332 

2,505 

114,571 

96,376 

64 

5,171 



739 
25,214 

16 
830 



678 
2,907 
15,685 
40 
193 
990 

2,175 

14,224 

69,769 

576 

2,455 
12,411 

557 
9,910 

19,223 
1,055 
5,337 

27,490 



Part owners 



1,032 

899 

211, 140 

164,070 

204.6 

182.5 

29,249 
20,279 
135.58 
111.25 

57 



126,830 

93, 143 

11 

40 

56 

146 

346 

261 

151 

19 

546 

535 

13,845 

11,977 

251 

409 

4,607 

10,257 

94 

1,354 

168 

3,253 

110 

9,039 

771 

39,955 

271 
8,686 

113 
2,745 

1,006 

8,178 

1,031 

889 

145,282 

115,377 

753 

619 

31,570 

16,041 

810 

688 

46', 994 

36,893 

23 

1,176 



388 

18,723 

20 
2,325 



313 

1,820 

9,432 

38 

130 

930 

867 

9,682 

44,768 

242 
1,439 
6,009 

266 

5,448 

12,152 

439 

3,704 

21,337 



Managers 



78 
66 
50,215 
30,696 
643.8 
465.1 

197,836 

82,771 

344.42 

137.31 

50 



59 

36 

17,377 

11,981 



2 
10 
36 
6 
5 

23 

20 

3,243 

2,959 

32 

23 

5,717 

3,188 

16 
3,550 

17 
2,167 

14 

951 

57 

13,533 

34 
5,858 

13 
2,250 

71 

3,536 

67 

42 

26,337 

18,128 

48 

32 

10,052 

3,619 

64 

47 

14,484 

6,263 

2 

1 

148 

5 

14 



12 
162 
838 

13 

118 

1,700 

35 

542 

2,793 

16 
100 
529 

14 
1,564 
2,308 

37 
2,921 
5,793 



738 

1,075 

120,813 

188,590 

163.7 

175.4 

23,710 
13,666 
149.38 
84.55 

54 



691 
1,023 

67,956 

88,692 

55 

46 

20 

31 

270 

210 

58 

1 

433 

663 

12,570 

18,300 

127 

371 

3,595 

15,970 

31 

765 

1L2 

2,830 

67 

3,781 

415 

17,633 

157 

4,609 

46 

1,000 

648 

10,669 

701 

1,043 

84,121 

122,962 

530 

809 

20,960 

25,765 

465 

743 

21,414 

44,473 

10 

355 



148 
5,628 



15 
505 



163 
633 
4,077 
26 
L25 
680 

550 

3,976 

23,872 

344 

1,761 

10,336 

126 
2,253 
2,855 

322 
1,222 
7,675 



91 

146 

13,110 

19,854 

144.1 

136.0 



1 Data are given by tenure of operator for commercial farms only. 



DELAWARE 



91 



FERTILIZER, BY TENURE OF OPERATOR: CENSUSES OF 1954 AND 1950 

| a sample of farms. See textj 



Item 
(For definitions and explanations, see text) 



The State (Areas 1 and A)— Continued 



Tenure of operator 1 — Continued 



Tenants— Continued 



Crop- share 



Livestock-share 



Croppers 



Other and 
unspecified 



Other farms 



FARMS, ACREAGE, AND VALUE 

Farms number 1954. . 

1950. , 

Land in farms acres 1954., 

1950. , 

Average si2e of farm acres 1954.. 

1950. , 
Value of land and buildings: 

Average per farm. dollars 1954 . , 

1950., 

Average per acre dollars 1954 . , 

1950,, 
Proportion of farms reporting value percent 1954., 

Land in faraa accordiog to use: 

Cropland harvested farms reporting 1954. 

1949., 

acres 1954. 

1949. 

1 to 9 acres farms reporting 1954. 

10 to 19 acres farms reporting 1954. 

20 to 29 acres farms reporting 1954. 

30 to 49 acres.... farms reporting 1954. 

50 to 99 acres farms reporting 1954. 

100 to 199 acres farms reporting 1954. 

200 to 499 acres farms reporting 1954. 

500 acres and over farms reporting 1954. 

Cropland used only for pasture.. farms reporting 1954. 

1949. 
acres 1954. 
1949. 
Cropland not harvested and not 

pastured farms reporting 1954 . 

1949. 
acres 1954. 
1949. 
Cropland used only for crops not harvested 

and not pastured farms reporting 1954. 

acres 1954. 

Cropland lying idle farms reporting 1954. 

acres 1954. 



Woodland pastured farms reporting 

acres 

Woodland not pastured farms reporting 

acres 
Other pasture (not cropland and 

not woodland) farms reporting 

acres 

Improved (see text) farms reporting 

acres 
Other land (house lots, roads, 

wasteland, etc.) , farms reporting 

acres 
Cropland total ,. .farms reporting 

acres 
Land pastured, total farms reporting 

acres 
Woodland, total farms reporting 

acres 
Irrigated land in farms farms reporting 

acres 

Cover crops turned under and land planted 

to another crop farms reporting 

acres 
Cropland used for row or grain crops 

farmed on contour farms reporting 

acres 



1954. . 
1954. . 
1954.. 
1954. , 

1954., 
1954.. 
1954., 
1954., 

1954., 
1954. 
1954. 
1949., 
1954. 
1949. 
1954., 
1949. 
1954. 
1949. 
1954. 
1949. 
1954. 
1949. 
1954. 
1949. 
1954. 
1949. 

1954. 
1954. 

1954. 
1954. 



USE OF COMMERCIAL FERTILIZER 

Crops on which couercial fertilizer *aa used, 1954: 

Hay and cropland pastured farms reporting., 

tons., 
acres on which used,. 

Other pasture farms reporting., 

tons, 
acres on which used. 

Corn farms reporting. 

tons, 
acres on which used. 

Wheat farms reporting, 

tons, 
acres on which used. 

Fruits, vegetables, potatoes, etc.... farms reporting. 

tons, 
acres on which used. 

Other crops farms reporting. 

tons, 
acres on which used. 



21 
30 
4,235 
5,520 
201.7 
184.0 

14,500 
17,480 
73.79 
110.08 
48 



21 

30 

2,546 

3,105 



5 
10 

1 

21 

15 

490 

970 

15 

25 

95 

410 



15 
95 



16 
881 



16 

223 

21 

30 

3,131 

4,485 

21 

25 

490 

1,140 

16 

20 

881 

710 



15 
210 



16 

190 

1,055 

11 
72 
496 

6 

12 
80 
11 
50 
270 



350 
606 

67,077 

122,393 

191.6 

202.0 

20,972 

11,710 

124.77 

65.60 

48 



339 

605 
38,333 
59,079 

15 
5 

16 
145 
120 

38 

242 

428 

7,165 

11,650 

42 

183 

1,980 

7,197 



635 

42 
1,345 

42 

2,416 

214 

10,297 

61 

2,080 

16 

255 

315 

4,806 

344 

605 

47,478 

77,926 

263 

488 

11,661 

15,565 

249 

434 

12,713 

29,279 



63 
2,668 



72 
220 
1,815 
6 
45 
165 

279 
2,302 
13,702 

198 
1,114 
6,690 

50 
204 
680 
151 
544 
3,625 



60 

81 

10,210 

14,525 

170.2 

179.3 

18,990 
20,730 
108.76 
112.26 
42 



55 

75 

5,755 

5,865 



30 

15 

5 

50 

65 

1,915 

2,235 

25 
25 

295 
610 

5 

10 

20 

285 

10 
335 

25 
885 

20 

640 

5 

200 

55 

385 

60 

75 

7,965 

8,710 

55 

75 

2,890 

3,155 

30 

66 

1,220 

4,280 



5 
405 



36 
16 
4,571 
2,130 
127.0 
133.1 

23,962 

3,000 

173.43 

100.00 

83 



25 

16 

2,685 

1,164 

5 



15 
5 

15 

5 

185 

100 

10 

6 

715 

107 

10 

70 

10 

645 

5 

700 

5 

150 



26 

136 

25 

16 

3,585 

1,371 

15 

10 

885 

200 

10 

6 

850 

524 



10 
485 



180 
196 

21,610 

24,168 

120.1 

123.3 

27,636 

12,221 

166.90 

116.16 

49 



166 

156 

12,837 

10,880 

35 

21 

5 

5 

50 

40 

10 

70 

70 

1,750 

1,240 

20 

86 

400 

5,610 

5 
25 

15 
375 

5 

130 

100 

3,525 

56 

1,349 

10 

265 

145 

1,619 

166 

171 

14,987 

17,730 

121 

115 

3,229 

2,395 

100 

111 

3,655 

4,365 

10 

355 



45 
1,225 



10 
100 



20 


10 


51 


105 


45 


188 


850 


280 


827 


5 




10 


20 




40 


150 




265 


45 


20 


125 


325 


210 


581 


850 


1,450 


4,000 


25 


5 


75 


92 


25 


310 


540 


175 


1,815 


5 


5 


25 


10 


5 


710 


105 


75 


070 


30 


10 


70 


130 


85 


288 


670 


525 


1 , 760 



92 



STATISTICS FOR STATE ECONOMIC AREAS 



Economic Area Table 3.-FARM FACILITIES, OFF-FARM WORK, WORK POWER. FARM LABOR. 





' 










[Data are based 


on reports for only 






The State (Areas 1 and Aj 




Item 
(For definitions and explanations, see text) 


Total 
all 
farms 


Tenure of operator 




Full owners 


Part owners 


Managers 


Tenants 




All 


Cash 


1 

2 

3 
-'. 
5 
6 
' 

8 
9 

; i 
:: 
:. 

14 
15 
16 

17 

18 

19 

. 

; : 

22 

23 
24 

2 

2f 

28 


SPECIFIED FACILITIES AND EQUIPMENT 


5,300 
5,993 
6,112 
3,785 
5,375 
3,279 
67 
587 
1,129 

1,603 

1,671 

1,784 

1,858 

693 

695 

281 

282 

3,786 
5,191 
4,537 
3,785 
7,826 
5,586 
5,198 
7,055 

1,889 
1,921 

2,437 
2,667 
1,804 
1,844 

1,282 

472 
1,477 
3,060 

5,594 

13,716 

5,385 

5,301 

1,886 
2,642 
1,921 
5,773 

1,030 
2,810 

1,146 
2,963 

6,276 

4,720 

3,470 

829,882 

3,523 

3,840 

7,780,063 

5,693,380 

2,958 

565 

4,898 

5,494 

40,655,476 

36,988,449 

4,885 

4,478 

2,559,474 

1,820,262 

4,884 

3,907,116 

75,080 

315,992 

1,505 

38,894 

309,107 

48,761 


2,687 

3,006 

3,019 

1,838 

2,747 

1,663 

32 

307 

484 

676 
700 
816 
834 
311 
311 
108 
108 

1,861 
2,439 
2,304 
1,827 
3,709 
2,656 
2,642 
3,522 

648 
566 

916 
971 
644 
619 

628 

225 

759 
1,545 

2,830 
6,965 

2,697 

2,651 

1,002 
1,385 
1,008 
2,929 

560 
1,178 

580 
1,751 

3,157 

2,438 

1,780 

445,306 

1,872 

2,090 

3,181,196 

2,918,261 

1,580 

292 

2,559 

2,857 

23,831,838 

24,674,677 

2,433 

2,295 

1,241,493 

854,608 

2,447 

1,915,041 

35,175 

146,096 
747 

17,048 
140, 722 

21,476 


940 
1,007 
835 
664 
951 
698 
13 
164 
274 

508 
546 
590 
626 
173 
174 
102 
102 

894 
1,355 

978 

732 
2,035 
1,220 

931 
1,372 

114 
99 

319 
253 

158 
94 

28 

26 
328 

650 

992 
2,798 

960 

947 

425 

572 

462 

1,279 

260 
592 

280 
687 

1,032 

897 

612 

188,368 

757 

689 

1,638,852 

1,210,574 

614 

143 

855 

736 

8,216,405 

5,264,207 

951 

804 

719,295 

485,996 

968 
1,125,855 
22,310 
94,693 
382 
12,908 
99,692 
15,685 


71 
72 
54 
48 
71 
45 

6 
17 

8 

26 
31 
19 
33 
27 
28 
6 
7 

64 
188 

64 

31 
299 
104 

54 
154 

17 
6 

17 
7 

12 
5 

13 

1 
12 
52 

78 
1,005 

46 

46 

77 
959 

76 
855 

20 
104 

78 

78 

29 

11,706 

78 

41 

2,307,950 

856,226 

16 

62 

61 

46 

5,190,818 

3,467,022 

70 

32 

163,331 

103,528 

47 

246,345 

5,466 

13,961 

29 

3,858 

28,543 

5,465 


611 
717 
823 
475 
625 
398 
16 
73 
342 

353 
354 
309 
315 
166 
166 
65 
65 

501 
616 
590 
719 
1,099 
1,073 
616 
887 

115 
, 110 

215 

231 

125 

66 

113 

35 

227 
363 

703 
1,527 

697 

687 

249 
385 
293 
455 

118 
154 

201 
301 

738 

606 

454 

130,452 

505 

684 

579,005 

620,315 

438 

67 

607 

899 

3,204,365 

3,225,653 

645 

826 

356,520 

322,389 

601 

501,165 

9,943 

49,455 

187 

3,860 

29,590 

4,330 


81 




91 


1950 . . . 


86 
71 




91 




65 








10 
40 




35 


number 1954 . . . 


35 

30 


number 1954 . . . 


30 
35 


number 1954 . . . 


35 

10 


number 1954 . . . 


10 

75 


number 1954 . . . 

1950... 

number 1954 . . . 

1950 .. . 


95 

70 
76 
145 
123 


number 1954 .. . 

OFF-FARM WORK AND OTHER INCOME 

Farn operators — 

With other income of family exceeding value 

of farm products sold operators reporting 1954... 

1949 . . . 
Working off their farms, 


120 

25 
5 

30 


29 

30 
31 

32 

33 


1949... 
1949... 

FARMS BY CLASS OF WORK POWER 

No tractor but horses and/or 


40 
25 
10 

11 


34 
35 

36 

37 
38 


Tractor and horses and/or mules ... .farms reporting 1954... 
Tractor and no horses or mules farms reporting 1954... 

FARM LABOR 

VteeW of October 24-30: 

Family and/or hired workers farms reporting 1954... 

persons 1954... 

Family workers, including 


15 
55 

86 
183 

85 


39 


Operators working 1 or more 


85 


40 

41 


Unpaid members of operator's 

persons 1954. . . 


20 
30 
46 


43 

44 

45 
46 

47 

48 
49 


persons 1954 . . . 
Regular workers (to be employed 150 

persons 1954 .. . 
Seasonal workers ( to be employed less 

persons 1954 . . . 

SPECIFIED FARM EXPENDITURES 
Machine hire and/or hired 


68 

16 
23 

40 
45 

91 
86 


50 
51 


dollars 1954... 


75 
13,935 

76 


53 
54 
55 
56 
57 

58 
59 

60 
61 
62 


1949... 

dollars 1954... 

1949... 


86 
175,845 
67,600 


Feed for livestock and poultry. .farms reporting 1954... 

1949 . . . 
dollars 1954... 

1949 . . . 
Gasoline and other petroleum fuel 


6 

71 

116 

577,685 

362,495 

80 


63 
64 
65 
66 


1949 . . . 
dollars 1954 . . . 
1949... 
Commercial fertilizer and fertilizing 


106 
34,670 
34,667 

85 


67 
68 
69 
70 
71 
72 
73 


dollars 1954 . . . 

tons 1954... 

acres on which used 1954... 

tons 1954... 

dollars 1954... 

acres lijned 1954... 


93,355 

2,048 

4,910 

30 

345 

2,330 

300 



1 Data are given by tenure of operator for commercial farms only. 



2 Excludes farms reporting commercial fertilizer and lime. 



DELAWARE 



93 



AND FARM EXPENDITURES, BY TENURE OF OPERATOR: CENSUSES OF 1954 AND 1950 

a sample of farms. See text] 



Item 
(For definitions and explanations, see text) 



SPECIFIED FACILITIES AND EQUIPMENT 

Telephone farms reporting 1954. 

Electricity farms reporting 1954. 

1950. 

Television set farms reporting 1954. 

Piped running water farms reporting 1954 . 

Home freezer farms reporting 1954 . 

Electric pig brooder farms reporting 1954. 

Power feed grinder farms reporting 1954 . 

Milking machine farms reporting 1954. 

Grain combines farms reporting 1954 . 

number 1954. 

Corn pickers farms reporting 1954 . 

number 1954 . 

Pick-up hay balers farms reporting 1954 . 

number 1954. 

Field forage harvesters farms reporting 1954 . 

number 1954. 

Motortrucks farms reporting 1954 . 

number 1954. 

Tractors, other than garden farms reporting 1954. 

1950. 

number 1954. 

1950. 

Automobiles farms reporting 1954. 

number 195*,. 

OFF-FARM WORK AND OTHER '.NCQME 

Karo operators — 

With other income of family exceeding value 

of farm products sold operators reporting 1954. 

1949. 
Working off their farms, 

total operators reporting 1954 . 

1949. 

100 or more days operators reporting 1954. 

1949. 

FARMS BY CLASS OF WORK POWER 

No tractor, horses, or mules farms reporting 1954. 

No tractor but horses and/or 

mules farms reporting 1954. 

Tractor and horses and/or mules. .. .farms reporting 1954. 

Tractor and no horses or mules farms reporting 1954. 

FARM LABOR 

Week of October 24-30: 

Family and/or hired workers farms reporting 1954. 

persons 1954 . 
Family workers, including 

operator farms reporting 1954 . 

Operators working 1 or more 

hours persons 1954 . 

Unpaid members of operator's 

family farms reporting 1954. 

persons 1954. 

Hired workers farms reporting 1954 . 

persons 1954. 
Regular workers (to be employed 150 

or more days) farms reporting 1954. 

persons 1954 . 
Seasonal workers (to be employed less 

than 150 days) farms reporting 1954. 

persons 1954 . 

SPECIFIED FARM EXPENDITURES 

Specified farm expenditures 2 farms reporting 1954. 

Machine hire and/or hired 

labor farms reporting 1954. 

Machine hire farms reporting 1954 . 

dollars 1954. 

Hired labor farms reporting 1954 . 

1949. 

dollars 1954. 

1949. 

$1 to $2 ,499 farms reporting 1954 . 

$2,500 and over farms reporting 1954. 

Feed for livestock and poultry .. farms reporting 1954. 

1949. 

dollars 1954. 
1949. 
Gasoline and other petroleum fuel 

and oil farms reporting 1954 . 

1949. 

dollars 1954. 
1949. 
Commercial fertilizer and fertilizing 

material farms reporting 1954. 

dollars 1954. 

tons 1954. 

acres on which used 1954. 

Lime and liming material farms reporting 1954. 

tons 1954. 

dollars 1954. 

acres limed 1954. 



The State (Areas 1 and A) — Continued 



Tenure of operator 1 — Continued 



LI 
16 
25 
11 
16 
6 



12 

21 
30 
34 
55 
16 
16 



21 
29 



21 
21 



21 

16 

15 

2,900 

6 

20 

6,075 

17,165 

5 

1 

21 

30 

28,445 

76,040 

21 

25 

10,850 

8,725 

21 

14,520 

325 

1,901 

5 

110 

1,100 

110 



Tenants — Continued 



Crop- share 



299 
339 

487 
220 
278 
157 
6 
47 
206 

187 

187 

178 

178 

81 

81 

20 

20 

238 
286 
294 
452 
520 
659 
264 
355 



45 

50 

105 
131 
45 
31 



25 
117 
177 



335 
784 



163 
239 
132 
220 

62 

79 

76 
141 



350 

303 

248 

78,802 

242 

420 

216,210 

287,310 

207 

35 

289 

526 

955,345 

1,511,673 

304 

513 

189,560 

205,872 

294 

227,520 

4,428 

26,667 

72 

1,605 

14,410 

1,850 



Live stock -share 



45 
60 
50 
25 
40 
35 

5 
25 

30 
30 

20 
25 
15 
15 
15 
15 

40 
50 
50 
60 
100 
100 
55 
85 



55 
140 



60 

35 

20 

11,175 

35 

51 

31,700 

67,540 

30 

5 

60 

71 

435,265 

250,790 

50 

66 

26,615 

30,210 

45 

35,775 

690 

4,125 

20 

410 

3,590 

450 



Croppers 



36 

21 

10 

2,600 

21 

1 

6,225 

14,000 

20 

1 

31 

6 

320,525 

143,375 

26 

13,000 

25 

20,060 

370 

2,505 

5 

85 

680 

85 



Other and 
unspecified 



149 

175 

170 

137 

164 

115 

10 

10 

60 

75 
75 
50 
50 
30 
30 
15 
15 

111 
146 
135 
96 
270 
121 
165 
275 



30 
50 

45 
45 
30 
15 



55 

80 



170 
323 



41 
56 
68 
97 

33 
42 

45 
55 



180 

145 

86 

21,040 

125 

106 

142,950 

166,700 

106 

19 

135 
150 

887, 100 
881,280 

164 

116 

81,825 

42,915 

131 
109,935 
2,082 
9,34" 
55 
1,305 
7,480 
1,535 



Other farms 



94 



STATISTICS FOR STATE ECONOMIC AREAS 



Economic Area Table 9.-LIVESTOCK ON HAND, LIVESTOCK SOLD, AND SPECIFIED 

' [Data are based on reports for only 



Item 
(For definitions and explanations, see text) 



The State (Areas 1 and A) 



Total 
all 
farms 



Tenure of operator 



Full owners 



Part owners 



Managers 



Livestock on hand: 





. .farms reporting 1954 . . . 




1950... 




number 1954 . . . 




1950... 




..farms reporting 1954... 




1950... 




number 1954 . . . 




1950, . . 


Cows, including heifers that 




..farms reporting 1954... 




1950... 




number 1954 . . . 




1950. . . 


Milk cows 


..farms reporting 1954 — 




1950... 




number 1954 . . . 




1950... 




..farms reporting 1954... 




1950 . . . 




number 1954 . . . 




1950... 


Chickens 4 months old and over.. farms reporting 195-1.. . 




1950... 




number 1954 . . . 




1950... 


Livestock and livestock products 


sold: 


Cattle and calves sold alive. 


..farms reporting 1954... 




1949 . . . 




number 1954. . . 




1949... 




dollars 1954... 




1949... 




..farms reporting 1954... 




1949 . . . 




number 1954 . . . 




1949 . . . 




dollars 1954... 




1949... 




. . farms reporting 1954 . . . 




1949 . . . 




dollars 1954... 




1949 . . . 




..farms reporting 1954... 




1949 . . . 




dozens 1954 . . . 




1949 . . . 




dollars 1954... 




1949 . . . 








dollars 1954... 




1949... 


Specified crops harvested: 






. . farms reporting 1954. . . 




1949... 




acres 1954. .. 




1949... 


Corn harvested for grain. . 


..farms reporting 1954... 




1949... 




acres 1954. . . 




1949... 




bushels harvested 1954. . . 




1949... 




bushels sold 1954 .. . 




1949... 


Wheat threshed or combined — 


. . f aims reporting 1954... 




1949 . . . 




acres 1954. . . 




1949. . . 




bushels harvested 1954. . . 




1949. . . 




bushels sold 1954... 




1949... 


Soybeans harvested for beans. 


..farms reporting 1954... 




1949... 




acres 1954. . . 




1949... 




bushels harvested 1954... 




1949... 


Vegetables harvested for sale 


..farms rejforting 1954... 




1949... 




dollars 1954. . . 




1949... 








1949... 




tons 1954 4 .. 





1,949 




3,904 




3,621 




8,507 




3,542 




4,240 




67,495 




62,380 




3,201 




4,008 




37,494 




35,487 




2,873 




3,920 




31,829 




33,548 




3,130 




4,041 




44,452 




39,006 




3,851 




4,994 




764,536 




750,393 




2,538 




3,274 




29,745 




23,458 


1 


708,649 


1 


524,676 




1,633 




2,523 




51,161 




41, 102 


1 


892,909 




916,206 




2,804 




3,773 


43 


,224,176 


53 


169,201 




1,554 




2,682 


6 


290,935 


6 


329,691 


4 


153,138 


3 


416,798 


172 


676,278 


6 


964,099 


7 


164,745 




4,989 




5,668 




173,311 




131,947 




4,948 




5,477 




163,254 




125,039 


6 


118,233 


4 


040,929 


3 


613,401 


1 


553,435 




1,468 




2,241 




33,298 




58,234 




813,050 




995,607 




725,715 




762,677 




2,672 




2,561 




79,829 




59,310 


1 


430,985 




862,809 




1,366 




2,280 


4 


211,588 


3 


696,276 




55,178 




60,729 




70,603 



984 
1,887 
2,074 
4,406 
1,664 
2,094 
30,607 
32,053 

1,549 
1,987 
16,958 
17,999 
1,382 
1,954 
14, 171 
17,098 

1,501 

1,804 

18,578 

18,130 

1,925 

2,393 

365,326 

445,183 



1,284 
1,764 
13,942 
12,614 
820,418 
853,392 

788 

1,224 

18,952 

19,260 

585,773 

476,032 

1,781 
2,302 

24, v .;■/? 

33,937,350 

936 

1,449 

2,625,400 

4,317,538 

1,160,415 

2,326,567 

75,296,384 

2,950,221 



2,507 
2,687 

79,736 
58,179 

2,496 
2,621 

76,296 
55,071 

2,867,290 
1,851,590 

1,756,865 
652,338 

688 

1,100 

13,588 
25,666 

346,755 
436,611 

307,680 
339,992 

1,391 
1,157 

33,112 
22,592 

614,515 
327,478 

694 
1,054 

1,830,504 
1,391,249 

24,470 
32,971 
31,452 



354 

575 

635 

1,137 

761 

645 

16,931 

9,685 

713 

619 

9,648 

5,417 

653 

609 

8,609 

5,224 

707 

614 

17,564 

7,038 

657 

666 

94,725 

104,095 



580 

517 

7,431 

4,053 

343,106 

318,082 

425 

411 

24,616 

9,465 

1,154,070 

200,683 

524 

552 

8,456,379 

8,001,393 

277 

359 

507,370 

802,695 

251,439 

447,212 

50,660,269 

1,977,480 

1,180,615 



978 
810 

53,696 
30,395 

973 
795 

49,319 
28,675 

1,885,033 
857,018 

1,218,091 
394,470 

299 

341 

6,824 
8,604 

169,290 
152,518 

151,297 

109,213 

677 
560 

33,041 
19,524 

577,610 
289,626 

332 

473 

1,574,425 
1,546,052 

13,588 
8,583 
16,740 



13 
12 
59 
59 
41 
25 
3,758 
1,343 

38 

22 

1,340 

633 

32 

16 

442 

314 

22 

23 

411 

1,199 

30 

20 

219,380 

73,885 



40 

23 

1,628 

474 

246,390 

61,382 

17 

16 

447 

1,327 

17,666 

29,403 

39 

37 

7,436,765 

5,902,667 

14 

7 

2,905,735 

610,799 

2,628,335 

353,610 

3,333,901 

158,060 

80,981 

38 
33 

5,845 
2,555 

38 
33 

5,724 
2,510 

275,215 
66,975 

60,410 
15,412 

27 
26 

689 
811 

18,948 
14,878 

15,388 
12,527 

5 
11 

755 
390 

18,550 
5,671 

7 
13 

372,500 
341,767 

2,610 

838 

4,035 



262 

699 

393 

1,632 

565 

830 

13,746 

16,956 

530 

804 

8,671 

•■.. . 2C ! 

505 

800 

7,995 

9,817 

409 

759 

4,938 

7,929 

434 

784 

45,245 

74,595 



473 

669 

6,059 

5,570 

261,860 

245,500 

212 

471 

4,716 

7,420 

93,915 

139,928 

285 

556 

2,744,995 

5,077,091 

147 

42C 

195,015 

472,689 

90,899 

228,609 

42,774,255 

1,848,838 

2,171,817 



660 
992 

25,802 
30,193 

660 

987 

23,845 
28,913 

885,915 
1,025,620 

473,385 
424,405 

394 
624 

11,837 
21,138 

271,252 
363,730 

245,020 
280,515 

318 
502 

9,888 
12,562 

183,425 
187,605 

207 
409 

406,719 
364,693 

12,502 

14,747 
16,156 



1 Data are given by tenure of operator for commercial farms only, 
equivalent of cream and butterfat sold. ^Excludes grass silage. 



2 For comparability of data on livestock and poultry, see text and State Table 12. 



3 Includes milk 



DELAWARK 



95 



CROPS, BY TENURE OF OPERATOR: CENSUSES OF 1954 AND 1950 

a Bflmple of farms. See text} 



(For definitions and explanations, see text) 



Livestock on band: 

Horses and mules farms reporting 

number 

All oattle and calves farms reporting 

number 

Cows, including heifers that 
have calved farms reporting 

number 

Hi Ik cows farms reporting 

number 



1954. 
1950. 
1954. 
1950. 
1954. 
1950. 
1954. 
1950. 

1954. 
1950. 
1954. 
1950. 
1954. 
1950. 
1954. 
1950. 



All hogs and pigs farms reporting 1954 . 

1950. 

number 1954 . 

1950. 

Chickens 4 months old and over.. farms reporting 1954. 

1950. 

number 1954. 

1950. 

Livestock and livestock products sold: 

Cattle and calves sold alive. .. .farms reporting 1954. 

1949. 

number 1954. 

1949. 

dollars 1954. 

1949. 



Hogs and pigs sold alive. 



Chickens sold. 



Chicken eggs sold. 



.farms reporting 1954. 

1949 . 

number 1954. 

1949. 

dollars 1954. 

1949. 

-farms reporting 1954. 

1949. 

dollars 1954. 

1949. 

-farms reporting 1954. 

1949. 

dozens 1954 . 

1949. 

dollars 1954. 

1949. 

pounds 1954 . 

dollars 1954. 
1949. 



Specified crops harvested: 

Corn for all purposes... 



.farms reporting 1954.. 
1949.. 

acres 1954. . 
1949.. 

Corn harvested for grain farms reporting 1954.. 

1949.. 

acres 1954. . 
1949.. 

bushels harvested 1954. . 
1949.. 

bushels sold 1954. . 
1949.. 

Wheat threshed or combined farms reporting 1954.. 

1949. . 

1954.. 
1949.. 

1954.. 
1949.. 

1954.. 
1949.. 

1954.. 
1949.. 

acres 1954 . . 
1949.. 

bushels harvested 1954. . 
1949 . . 



acres 

bushels harvested 

bushels sold 

Soybeans harvested for beans. .. .farms reporting 



Vegetables harvested for sale... farms reporting 

dollars 

Kay cut acres 

tons 



1954.. 
1949. . 

1954.. 
1949.. 

1954.. 
1949.. 
1954'. 



The State (Areas 1 and A) — Continued 



Tenure of operator 1 — Continued 



Tenants — Continued 



10 
15 
10 
20 
16 
25 
591 
730 

16 

25 
353 
370 
16 
25 
308 
370 



20 

23 

175 

16 

15 

1,350 

1,045 



16 

25 

175 

175 

8,830 

6,955 



10 

20 

11,620 

103,550 



1,806,500 
74,160 
83,995 



21 
30 

1,025 
640 

41,210 
28,075 

21,000 
9,000 

16 

20 

481 
760 

10,752 
12,000 

9,650 
8,985 

11 
25 

215 
500 

3,155 
3,530 

11 
25 

4,479 
66,140 

495 
435 
665 



Crop- share 



142 

442 

213 

1,053 

294 

520 

7,530 

10,036 

284 

504 

4,848 

6,035 

269 

500 

4,642 

5,757 

217 

468 

3,093 

4,904 

208 

473 

16,865 

40,735 

257 

414 

3,429 

3,075 

116,720 
147,125 

117 

285 

2,556 

5,000 

46,040 

91,895 

123 
293 

781,220 

. . ' . i • ■.' 

72 

261 

58,800 

301,339 

25,144 

142,384 

25,016,765 

1,032,728 

1,280,977 



324 
605 

14,712 
20,435 

324 
600 

13,840 
19,795 

502,210 
682,230 

280,225 
328,295 

223 

404 

7,466 

15,558 

184,935 

264,090 

168,580 
208,000 

192 
320 

5,813 
8,521 

115,815 
125,844 

100 
237 

269,925 
196,709 

7,110 
9,201 
8,581 



Livestock-share 



25 
60 
45 
125 
55 
70 
1,905 
2,055 

55 

70 

1,325 

1,265 

50 

70 

970 

1,250 

45 

65 

700 

390 

45 

60 

2,335 

9,755 



45 

60 

690 

710 

25,700 

28,845 

25 

35 

920 

605 

18,725 

11,020 

15 

41 

398,375 

l "i, '.' 

15 

35 

2,625 

17,300 

920 

11,525 

5,166,450 

231,665 

247,000 



55 

65 

2,160 

1,700 

55 
65 

1,980 
1,510 

79,215 
53,235 

42,125 
4,510 

35 
50 

1,065 
965 

15,910 
16,750 

14,105 
9,805 

20 
40 

1,400 
840 

22,800 
14,630 

5 

20 

8,125 
1. 1,440 



1,335 
1,605 
2,485 



Croppers 



5 
16 
10 
32 
15 
10 
55 
205 

15 
10 
20 
135 
10 
5 
15 
55 

20 

16 

85 

360 

20 

11 

770 

295 



3,150 

5 

6 

10 

35 

450 

1,103 



16 



253,040 
221,130 



12,000 



25 
16 

1,405 
608 

25 
16 

1,405 
578 

43,475 
16,540 

39,850 
1,870 

10 
10 

225 

220 

4,500 

■■, > 

4,500 

1,000 

10 

1 

550 
16 

10,700 
181 



1,125 

130 
311 
100 



Other and 
unspecified 



55 

85 

85 

205 

120 

110 

2,425 

1,895 

105 

100 

1,445 

1,225 

105 

105 

1,410 

1,225 

86 

110 

732 

860 

95 

130 

21,115 

11,490 



105 

90 

1,220 

800 

88,045 

32,340 

45 

75 

915 

785 

20,280 

13,065 

70 

120 

787,945 

1,315,770 

45 

75 

. , 

73,080 

49,475 

33,155 

7,071,660 

329,020 

304,240 



155 
145 

4,600 
3,995 

155 
145 

4,265 
3,795 

153,455 
146,065 

70,275 
51,040 



1,970 
2,410 

41,690 
41,920 

36,120 
34,190 

60 
56 

1,535 
1,265 

22,650 
19,670 

46 
45 

77,490 
34,670 

2,852 
1,945 
3,575 



96 



STATISTICS FOR STATE ECONOMIC AREAS 



Economic Area Table 10.-FARMS REPORTING, NUMBER OF COWS. AND DAIRY PRODUCTS SOLD. BY NUMBER OF MILK 
COWS. FOR ALL COMMERCIAL FARMS AND DAIRY FARMS: CENSUS OF 1954 

[Data are based on reports for only a sample of farms . See textj 



Item 
(For definitions and explanations, see text) 



The State 
(Areas 1 and A) 



(For definitions and explanations, see text) 



The State 
(Areas 1 and A) 



K\ 1 ronr rrial farms: 

Mi 11: cows farms 

Whole milk sold farms 

Cream sold farms 

pounds of 

^ith Leas (ban 10 ai Ik cows on hand: 

Milk cows farms 

Whole milk sold farms 

Cream sold farms 

pounds of 

Kith ]l> to -'■> nilk cows on hanil: 

Milk cows farms 

Whole milk sold farms 

Cream sold farms 

pounds of 

With 30 to !" nil I cows on honit: 

Milk cows farms 

Whole milk sold farms 

Cream sold farms 

pounds of 

With "0 or Borf milk, cows on ham): 

Milk cows farms 

Whole milk sold f arms 

Cream sold farms 

pounds of 



reporting. 

number. 

reporting. 

pounds. 

dollars . 

reporting. 

butterf at . 

dollars. 



number. 

reporting, 
pounds. 

dollars, 
reporting. 
butterf at. 

dollars. 



reporting. 

number. 

re port inc. 

pounds. 

dollars . 

reporting. 

butterf at . 

dollars . 



reporting. 

number. 

reporting. 

pounds. 

dollars. 

reporting. 

butterf at . 

dollars. 



reporting. 

number. 

reporting. 

pounds. 

dollars. 

reporting. 

butterf at. 

dollars . 



2,572 

31,217 

1,404 

171,691,171 

6,923,881 

41 

14,261 

10,718 



1,421 
3,897 

163 
7,993,269 

301,050 

36 

6,661 

3,343 



694 

16,593 

884 

97,211,591 

3,841,765 

5 

7,600 

7,375 



222 
8,183 

_:: 

52,602,321 
._ - . ■ 



35 
2,544 

35 

13,383,990 

602,750 



Hairy fttrns: 

Milk cows farms reporting.. 

number . . 

Whole milk sold farms reporting. . 

pounds., 
dollars . . 

Cream sold farms reporting. . 

pounds of butterf at . . 
dollars . . 

With less than 10 milk cows on hand: 

Milk cows farms reporting. . 

number. . 

Whole milk sold farms reporting . . 

pounds., 
dollars . . 

Cream sold farms reporting.. 

pounds of butterf at., 
dollars . . 

With 10 to J'» milk cows on hand: 

Milk cows farms reporting . . 

number. . 

Whole milk sold farms reporting . . 

pounds . . 
dollars . . 

Cream sold farms reporting . . 

pounds of butt erf at.. 
dollars. . 

With 30 to !'' milk cows on band: 

Milk cows. farms reporting.. 

number . . 

Whole milk sold farms reporting. . 

pounds. . 
dollars. ■ 

Cream sold farms reporting' 

pounds of butterf at . . 
dollars. . 

With 50 or note cows on hand: 

Milk cows farms reporting . . 

number. . 

Whole milk sold farms reporting. . 

pounds. . 
dollars. . 

Cream sold farms reporting.. 

pounds of butterf at . . 
dollars. . 



916 

21,080 

916 

134,705,956 

5,433,44-0 

5 

7,600 

7,375 



90 

605 

95 

4,359,519 

152,265 



610 

11,625 

605 

74,059,251 

2,950,335 

5 

7,600 

7,375 



190 

6,880 

190 

45,331,396 

1,848,090 



26 

1,960 
26 

10,955,790 
482,750 



DELAWARE 



97 



Economic Area Table ll.-FARMS REPORTING. NUMBER OF CHICKENS. AND POULTRY PRODUCTS SOLD, BY NUMBER OF 
CHICKENS ON HAND, FOR ALL COMMERCIAL FARMS AND POULTRY FARMS: CENSUS OF 1954 



[Data are based on reports for only 



mple of far: 



text] 



Item 
(For definitions and explanations, see text) 



The State 
(Areas 1 and A) 



Item 
(For definitions and explanations, see text) 



The State 
(Areas 1 and A) 



All commercial farms: 
Chickens 4 months old 

and over farms reporting... 

number. . . 

Chickens sold farms reporting. . . 

number. . . 

Chicken eggs sold farms reporting... 

dozens . . . 
dollars . . . 
Other poultry and poultry 

products sold dollars.. . 

With leas than 400 chickens 4 Booths old or over: 

Chickens 4 months old and over farms reporting... 

number. . . 

Chickens sold farms reporting . . . 

number. . . 

Chicken eggs sold farms reporting. . . 

dozens . . . 
dollars . . . 
Other poultry and poultry products 

sold dollars . . . 

With 400 to 799 chickens 4 months old and over: 

Chickens 4 months old and over farms reporting... 

number. . . 

Chickens sold farms reporting . . . 

number.. . 

Chicken eggs sold farms reporting . . . 

dozens. . . 
dollars . . . 
Other poultry and poultry products 

sold dollars . . . 

With 800 to 1,599 chickens 4 months old and over: 

Chickens 4 months old and over farms reporting... 

number. . . 

Chickens sold farms reporting . . . 

number. . . 

Chicken eggs sold farms reporting . . . 

dozens . . . 
dollars . . . 
Other poultry and poultry products 

sold dollars. . . 

With 1,600 to 3,199 chickens 4 months old and over: 

Chickens 4 months old and over farms reporting... 

number. . . 

Chickens sold farms reporting . . . 

number. . . 

Chicken eggs sold farms reporting . . . 

dozens . . . 
dollars . . . 
Other poultry and poultry products 

sold dollars. . . 

With 3,200 or more chickens 4 months old and over: 

Chickens 4 months old and over farms reporting... 

number. . . 

Chickens sold farms reporting... 

number. . . 

Chicken eggs sold farms reporting . . . 

dozens . . . 
dollars. .. 
Other poultry and poultry products 
sold dollars. . . 



3,046 

724,676 

724,676 

2,629 

65,324,206 

1,374 

6,233,510 

4,131,088 

4,000,919 

2,646 

193,751 

2,229 

58,056,286 

990 

831,935 

395,433 

3,822,824 

238 

114,350 

238 

770,445 

222 

829,775 

440,940 

26,420 

135 
144,700 

135 
170,975 

135 

1,259,205 

519,030 

1,260 

16 
39,375 
16 
36,500 
16 
350,105 
183,685 

415 

11 
232,500 

11 
6,290,000 

11 
2,962,500 
2,632,000 

150,000 



Poultry farms: 

Chickens 4 months old 

and over farms reporting . , 

number. . 

Chickens sold farms reporting . . 

number. . 

Chicken eggs sold farms reporting.. 

dozens., 
dollars . . 
Other poultry and poultry 

products sold dollars . . 

With less than 400 chickens 4 months old or over: 

Chickens 4 months old and over farms reporting.. 

number. . 

Chickens sold farms reporting . . 

number. . 

Chicken eggs sold farms reporting . , 

dozens . , 
dollars . , 
Other poultry and poultry products 

sold dollars . . 

With 400 to 799 chickens 4 months old or over: 

Chickens 4 months old and over farms reporting.. 

number.. 

Chickens sold farms reporting . , 

number. . 

Chicken eggs sold farms reporting., 

dozens . , 
dollars . , 
Other poultry and poultry products 

sold dollars . , 

With 800 to 1,599 chickens 4 months old or over: 

Chickens 4 months old and over farms reporting.. 

number. . 

Chickens sold farms reporting . . 

number. 

Chicken eggs sold farms reporting . 

dozens . . 
dollars . 
Other poultry and poultry products 

sold dollars . 

With 1,600 to 3,199 chickens 4 months old or over: 

Chickens 4 months old and over farms reporting. 

number. 

Chickens sold farms reporting. 

number. 

Chicken eggs sold farms reporting. 

dozens . 
dollars . 
Other poultry and poultry products 

sold dollars. 

With 3,200 or more chickens 4 months old or over: 

Chickens 4 months old and over farms reporting. 

number. 

Chickens sold farms reporting. 

number. 

Chicken eggs sold farms reporting. 

dozens. 
dollars. 
Other poultry and poultry products 
sold dollars. 



1,098 

496,184 

1,840 

63,751,959 

468 

5,052,665 

3,624,608 

3,788,825 

842 

52,574 

1,584 

56,630,519 

217 

269,890 

150,793 

3,617,445 

120 

57,535 

120 

645,665 

115 
437,815 

223,065 

20,120 

110 
116,700 

110 
151,275 

110 

1,059,355 

443,165 

1,260 

15 
36,875 

15 
34,500 

15 
323,105 

175,585 



11 
232,500 

11 
6,290,000 

11 
2,962,500 
2,632,000 

150,000 



98 



STATISTICS FOR STATE ECONOMIC AREAS 



Economic Area Table 12.-FARM LABOR: CENSUS OF 1954 

[Data are based on reports for only a sample of farms. See text] 



(For definitions and explanations, see text) 



The State 
{Areas 1 and A) 



(For definitions and explanations, see text) 



The State 
(Areas 1 and A) 



FARM LABOR 

Week of October 24-30: 

Family and/or hired workers farms reporting. 

persons . 

Average per farm reporting persons . 

Family workers, including 

operator farms reporting. 

persons. 

Operators working 1 or more 

hours farms reporting. 

1 to 14 hours farms reporting . 

15 or more hours farms reporting. 

Operators not working or not 
reporting number of farms. 

Unpaid members of operator's family 

working 15 hours or more farms reporting. 

persons . 

No unpaid members of operator's family 
working 15 hours or more or not 
reporting number of farms. 

Hired workers farms reporting. 

persons . 

1 hired worker farms reporting. 

2 hired workers farms reporting . 

3 or A hired workers farms reporting. 

5 to 9 hired workers farms reporting . 

10 or more hired workers farms reporting. 

Regular workers (to be employed 150 days 

or more ) farms reporting. 

persons . 

1 worker farms reporting. 

2 workers farms reporting. 

3 or 4 workers farms reporting. 

5 to 9 workers farms reporting . 

10 or more workers farms reporting . 

Seasonal workers (to be employed less than 

150 days ) farms reporting . 

persons. 

1 worker farms reporting. 

2 workers farms reporting. 

3 or 4 workers farms reporting. 

5 to 9 workers farms reporting. 

10 or more workers farms reporting . 



5,594 
13,716 



5,385 
7,943 



■ , 3C :. 

932 
4,369 



1,886 
2,642 



4,405 

1,921 
5,773 

1,044 

422 

221 

156 

78 



1,030 
2,810 

666 
159 

101 
71 
33 



1,146 
2,963 

707 
203 
116 
77 
43 



FARM LABOR— Continued 

harms by kind of workers: 

Both family workers and hired 

workers farms reporting. 

Family workers only farms reporting. 

Operator only farms reporting. 

Unpaid members of operator's 
family only farms reporting. 

Hired workers only farms reporting. 

Operator and hired workers only .... farms reporting. 

Hired workers by basis of payaent: 

Paid on a monthly basis farms reporting. 

persons . 

Average hours worked per month hours . 

Average wage per month dollars . 

Paid on a weekly basis farms reporting. 

persons . 

Average hours worked per week hours . 

Average wage per week dollars. 

Paid on a daily basis farms reporting. 

persons . 

Average hours worked per day hours. 

Average wage per day dollars . 

Paid on an hourly basis farms reporting. 

persons . 
Average wage per hour dollars . 

Paid on a piece-work basis farms reporting. 

persons . 

EXPENDITURES FOR HIRED LABOR 

Expenditures for hired labor in 1954. .. .farms reporting. 

dollars. 

$1 to *99 farms reporti>*2« 

$100 to $199 farms reporting. 

$200 to $499 farms reporting. 

$500 to $999 farms reporting. 

$1,000 to $2,499 farms reporting. 

$2,500 to $4,999 farms reporting. 

$5,000 and over farms reporting. 

I .. t , - with expenditures for hired labor but no 

hired workers reported farms reporting. 

$1 to $99 farms reporting. 

$100 to $199 farms reporting . 

$200 to $499 farms reporting . 

$500 to $999 farms reporting . 

$1,000 to $2,499 farms reporting. 

$2,500 to $4,999 farms reporting. 

$5,000 and over farms reporting. 



1,712 
3,673 
2,318 



209 
1,181 



219 
372 
209 

159 

661 

1,610 
47 
42 

206 
433 
8.5 
6.28 

938 
2,698 
0.84 

170 
660 



3,523 

7,780,063 

680 

516 
644 
4S1 
637 
248 
317 



1,602 
525 
356 
381 
187 
107 
24 
22 



MARYLAND 

Chapter A 

STATISTICS FOR THE STATE 

(99) 



MARYLAND 



101 



State Table l.-F ARMS, ACREAGE, AND VALUE: CENSUSES OF 1920 TO 1954 

£Data in italics are based on reports for only a sample of farms. See text] 













Census 


of— 








Item 


see text) 


















(For definitions and explanations. 


1954 

(November) 


1950 
(April 1) 


1945 
(January l) 


1940 
(April 1) 


1935 
(January l) 


1930 
(April 1) 


1925 
( January l) 


1920 
(January l) 






32,500 
6,323,840 


36,107 

6,323,840 


41,275 
6,327,680 


42,110 
6,327,680 


44,412 
6,362,240 


43,203 
6,362,240 


49,001 
6,362,240 


47,908 






6,362,240 






61.6 


64.1 


66.4 


66.3 


68.9 


68.8 


69.7 


74.8 




acres 


3,896,608 
119.9 


4,055,529 
112.3 


4,199,859 
101.8 


4,197,827 
99.7 


4,383,641 
98.7 


4,374,398 
101.3 


4,433,398 
90.5 


4,757,999 






99.3 


Value of land and buildings: 




20.342 


li.163 


8,596 


6,506 


5,465 


8,244 


6,966 


8,070 






177.02 


124.75 


84.48 


65.27 


55.37 


81.42 


77.00 


81.25 


Land in faras according to use: 


..farms reporting.. 


27,744 


31,048 


38,088 


36,619 


42,700 


41,185 


(NA) 


(NA) 




acres. . 


1,571,744 


1,531,421 


1,745,261 


1,608,856 


1,677,434 


1,741,615 


1,777,513 


2 1, 991,030 






6,477 
3,911 
2,775 


7,640 
4,763 
3,366 


10,363 
5,265 
3,863 


(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 


(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 


(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 


(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 


(NA) 






(NA) 




..farms reporting.. 


(NA) 




..farms reporting.. 


4,042 


4,736 


5,915 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 






5,840 
3,559 


6,301 
3,364 


7,939 
3,998 


(NA) 
(NA) 


(NA) 
(NA) 


(NA) 
(NA) 


(NA) 
(NA) 


(NA) 




..farms reporting.. 


(NA) 






1,140 
1,027 


878 
SIB 


745 
691 


(NA) 
(NA) 


(NA) 
(NA) 


(NA) 
(NA) 


(NA) 
(NA) 


(NA) 






(NA) 






97 


50 


48 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 




..farms reporting.. 


16 


10 


6 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 






13,026 


17,264 


13,833 




23,460 






(NA) 




acres. . 


363,264 


447,503 


393,615 


600,743 


550,587 


538,913 


525,523 


(NA) 


Cropland not harvested and not pastured. 


..farms reporting.. 


9,600 


14 ,008 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 




acres.. 


188,461 


306,193 


224,838 


375,021 


405,092 


387,649 


450,002 


(NA) 


Cropland used only for crops not harvests 


d 

. farms reporting. . 

acres. . 


2,397 
33 ,994 


(NA) 
(NA) 


(NA) 
(NA) 


(NA) 
(NA) 


(NA) 
(NA 


(NA) 
(NA) 


(NA) 
(NA) 


(NA) 




(NA) 






8,107 
154,467 


(NA) 
(NA) 


(NA) 
(NA) 


(NA) 
(NA) 


(NA) 
(NA) 


(NA) 
(NA) 


(NA) 
(NA) 


(NA) 




acres. . 


(NA) 




..farms reporting.. 


6,462 


6,537 


5,060 


(NA) 


6,810 


8,132 


7,467 


(NA) 




acres. . 


194,100 


163,397 


127,338 


(NA) 


185,515 


205,474 


187,183 


(NA) 




..farms reporting.. 


19,073 


22,326 


25,004 


(NA) 


28,269 


26,856 


28,327 


(NA) 




acres.. 


938,659 


1,005,620 


973,937 


(NA) 


1,078,433 


1,007,629 


945,760 


(NA) 


Other pasture (not cropland and not 


..farms reporting.. 


12,238 


12,155 


17,548 


(NA) 


11,508 


11,354 


10,311 


(NA) 




acres.. 


417,170 


350,833 


471,767 


(NA) 


213,835 


214,435 


180,204 


(NA) 


Other land (house lots, roads. 




30,041 
223,210 


32,580 
250,562 


36,760 
263,103 


(«) 
(«) 


40,500 
272,745 


37,046 
278,683 


(NA) 
367,213 


(NA) 




acres. . 


(NA) 




..farms reporting.. 


29,673 


33,680 


39,496 


41,310 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 




acres. . 


2,123,469 


2,285,117 


2,363,714 


2,584,620 


2,633,113 


2,668,177 


2,753,038 


(NA) 




..farms reporting.. 


22,517 


26,058 


29,047 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 




acres.. 


974,534 


961,733 


992,720 


(NA) 


949,937 


958,822 


892,910 


(NA) 






22,412 
1,132,759 


25,290 
1,169,017 


27,283 

1,101,275 


29,360 
1,142,236 


(NA) 
1,263,948 


(NA) 
1,213,103 


(NA) 
1,132,943 


(NA) 




acres. . 


1,327,221 






235 


30 


8 


17 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


acres. . 


8,344 


697 


287 


67 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 



"Available data not comparable. NA Not available. 1 For the census of 
acreage of crops for which figures are available, except that corn cut for forage 
grain. 3 Total cropland, cropland used only for pasture, and other pasture not 
only for pasture. See text. 



1954-, in the calendar year; all other censuses, in the calendar year preceding the census. 2 Total 
was excluded as most of this acreage was probably duplicated in the acreage of corn harvested for 
fully comparable for the various census years because of differences in definition of cropland used 



102 STATISTICS FOR THE STATE 

State Table 2.-FARMS AND FARM ACREAGE ACCORDING TO USE, BY SIZE OF FARM: CENSUSES OF 1920 TO 1954 

[Data for 1950 are based on reports for only a sample of farms. See text} 



(For definitions and explanations, see text) 



All far«a number . 

Under 10 acres number . 

Under 3 acres number . 

3 to 9 acres number . 

10 to 29 acres number. 

30 to 49 acres number. 

50 to 69 acres number . 

70 to 99 acres number . 

100 to 139 acres number . 

1*0 to 179 acres number . 

180 to 219 acres number . 

220 to 259 acres number. 

260 to 499 acres number. 

500 to 999 acres number. 

1,000 acres and over number. 

Land in f iras acres . 

Average size of farms acres . 

Under 10 acres acres . 

10 to 29 acres acres . 

30 to 49 acres acres . 

50 to 69 acres acres . 

70 to 99 acres acres . 

100 to 139 acres acres . 

140 to 179 acres acres . 

180 to 219 acres acres . 

220 to 259 acres acres . 

260 to 499 acres acres. 

500 to 999 acres acres . 

1 ,000 acres and over acres . 

I .mil in farms according to use: 

Crnpland harvrslrd farms reporting. 

acres . 

Under 10 acres farms reporting. 

acres . 
10 to 29 acres farms reporting . 

acres . 
30 to 49 acres farms reporting . 

acres . 
50 to 69 acres farms reporting. 

acres . 

70 to 99 acres farms reporting . 

acres . 
100 to 139 acres farms reporting. 

acres. 
140 to 179 acres farms reporting. 

acres . 
180 to 219 acres farms reporting. 

acres . 

220 to 259 acres farms reporting . 

acres . 
260 to 499 acres farms reporting. 

acres . 
500 to 999 acres farms reporting . 

acres . 
1 ,000 acres and over farms reporting . 

acres . 

Crnpland nsrd only for pasture farms reporting. 

acres . 

Under 10 acres farms reporting . 

acres . 
10 to 29 acres farms reporting . 

acres . 
30 to 49 acres farms reporting . 

acres . 
50 to 69 acres farms reporting . 

acres . 

70 to 99 acres farms reporting . 

acres . 
100 to 139 acres farms reporting . 

acres . 
140 to 179 acres farms reporting . 

acres . 
180 to 219 acres farms reporting . 

acres. 
220 to 259 acres farms reporting . 

acres . 
260 to 499 acres farms reporting . 

acres . 
500 to 999 acres farms reporting . 

acres . 
1 ,000 acres and over farms reporting . 

acres . 

See footnotes at end of table. 



Census of — 



1954 
(November) 



32, 500 
4,676 
1,079 
3,597 
5,041 
3,138 
2,690 
3,288 
4,036 
2,949 
1,983 
1,251 
2,616 
659 
173 

3,896,608 

119.9 

21,184 

90,712 

120,291 

157,147 

275,105 

470,839 

463,312 

393,199 

883,736 
428,685 
296,424 

27,744 
1,571,744 

2,341 
7,541 
3,834 

33,794 
2,709 

44,077 
2,457 

60,649 

3,090 
111,214 

3,878 
200,674 

2,867 
200,773 

1,943 
168,662 

1,227 

129,659 

2,581 

369,522 

650 

158,353 

167 

86,826 

13,026 
363, 2o4 

431 
1,255- 
1,160 
7,263 
1,071 

10,376 
1,128 

14,472 

1,503 
24,111 

2,025 
44,142 

1,600 
42,526 

1,148 

38,682 

747 

28,586 

1,677 

89,865 

425 

39,431 

111 

22,555 



1950 
(April 1) 



36,162 

4,521 

795 

3,726 

5,847 

3,819 

3,336 

3,844 

4,787 

3,289 

2,050 

1,447 

2,427 

663 

132 

4,113,684 
113.8 
23,224 
102,565 
147,146 
195,614 
321,474 
558,956 
519,797 
403,692 
345,543 
826,789 
435,187 
233,697 



31,308 
1,558,843 

2,272 
7,062 
4,629 

37,720 
3,316 

50,893 
3,084 

71,634 

3,687 
126,495 

4,591 
229,651 

3,189 
213,657 

1,975 
165,158 

1,417 

132,912 

2,371 

320,747 

648 

141,483 

129 

61,431 

17,896 
454,247 

865 
2,540 
1,916 

10,867 
1,638 

15,881 
1,787 

22,589 

2,153 
34,196 

2,742 
63,083 

2,080 
57,335 

1,382 
46,446 

1,041 
40,400 

1,736 

94,068 

460 

43,771 

96 

23,071 



1945 

(January 1) 



41,275 

6,042 

767 

5,275 

6,779 

4,199 

3,947 

4,478 

5,479 

3,675 

2,280 

1,347 

2,409 

539 

101 

4,199,859 
101.8 
29,949 
113,524 
160,746 
229,295 
370,921 
635,478 
576,324 
449,370 
320,258 
806,409 
342,318 
160,267 

38,088 
1,745,261 

4,530 
12,668 

5,981 
51,782 

3,890 
71,016 

3,771 
102,162 

4,327 
163,110 

5,373 
289,812 

3,622 
260,259 

2,250 
192,009 

1,331 

133,369 

2,380 

310,384 

532 

108,755 

101 

49,935 

13,833 
393,615 

(NA) 

1,686 

(NA) 

8,031 

(NA) 

11,816 

(NA) 

17,769 

(NA) 
30,988 

(NA) 
58,278 

(NA) 
54,650 

(NA) 
45,001 

(NA) 
33,758 

(NA) 
83,834 

(NA) 
33,799 

(NA) 
14,005 



1940 
(April 1) 



42,110 
5,442 

169 
5,273 
7,127 
4,502 
4,155 
4,753 
5,762 
3,815 
2,354 
1,351 
2,360 

395 
94 

4,197,827 
99.7 
29,974 
125,276 
172,842 
241,420 
395,092 
668,491 
598,043 
463,907 
321,135 
783,373 
249,236 
149,038 

38,619 

1,608,856 

4,055 
11,504 

6,121 
51,525 

4,116 
70,686 

3,948 
98,810 

4,586 
163,956 

5,625 
285,532 

3,738 
252,882 

2,313 
184,789 

1,335 

123,138 

2,309 

264,387 

384 

68,572 

89 

33,075 

24,888 
600,743 

(NA) 
3,521 

(NA) 
14,949 

(NA) 
21,975 

(NA) 
32,088 

(NA) 
54,321 

(NA) 
98,091 

(NA) 
88,658 

(NA) 
69,986 

(NA) 
49,308 

(NA) 
117,797 

(NA) 
33,677 

(NA) 
16,372 



1935 
(January 1) 



44,412 
5,006 

233 
4,773 
7,709 
4,891 
4,519 
5,110 
6,383 
4,139 
2,441 
1,415 
2,326 

398 
75 

4,383,641 
98.7 
27,516 
137,089 
187,609 
262,002 
424,523 
737,616 
647,581 
481,854 
336,967 
772,031 
245,769 
123,084 



42,700 
1,677,434 

(NA) 
14,383 

(NA 
64,543 

(NA) 
81,803 

(NA) 
109,985 

(NA 
175,814 

(NA) 
307,713 

(NA) 
269,050 

(NA 
188,272 

(NA 
126,708 

(NA) 

253,265 

(NA) 

62,701 

(NA) 
23,197 

23,460 
550,587 

(NA) 
2,443 

(NA) 
12,926 

(NA) 
19,074 

(NA) 
28,594 

(NA) 
50,168 

(NA) 
95,038 

(NA) 
84,295 

(NA) 
65,256 

(NA) 
45,311 

(NA) 
108,604 

(NA) 
28,019 

(NA) 
10,859 



1930 
(April 1) 



43,203 

4,195 

414 

3,781 

12,065 



2,252 

389 
70 

4,374,398 

101.3 

22,872 

315,760 
680,929 

2,257,832 

745,119 
244,379 
107,507 

41,185 
1,741,615 

(NA) 

10,951 

(NA) 

'149,384 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 

"295,578 

(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
5 951,310 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 

(NA) 

(NA) 

246,883 

(NA) 

64,154 

(NA) 

23,355 

23,233 

538,913 

(NA) 

2,128 

(NA) 

3 29, 795 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 

"75,496 

(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
5 288, 968 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
100,518 
(NA) 

27,544 
(NA) 

14,464 



1925 
(January 1) 



49,001 

6,466 

111 

6,355 

14,452 
10,264 

15,231 

2,212 

334 

42 

4,433,398 

90.5 

35,357 

362,010 
724,387 

2,318,536 



731,153 

206,597 

55,358 



(NA) 
1,777,513 [ 

(NA) 

16,595 

(NA) 

3 171,080 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 

'312,275 

(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
5 970,996 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 

(NA) 

(NA) 

246,459 

(NA) 

49,216 

(NA) 

8,892 

23,401 
525,523 

(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 



MARYLAND 



103 



State Table 2.-FARMS AND FARM ACREAGE ACCORDING TO USE, BY SIZE OF FARM: CENSUSES OF 1920 TO 1954-Continued 

[Data for 1950 are baaed on reports for only a sample of farms. See textj 



(For definitions and explanations, see text) 



1954 
(November) 



1950 
(April l) 



1945 

(January l) 



1940 
(April 1) 



1935 
(January 1) 



1930 
(April 1) 



1925 

( January 1) 



1920 
(January l) 



Land in faras according to use 1 — Continued 
Cropland not harvested and 
not pastured farms 

Under 10 acres farms 

10 to 29 acres farms 

30 to 49 acres farms 

50 to 69 acres farms 

70 to 99 acres farms 

100 to 139 acres farms 

140 to 179 acres farms 

180 to 219 acres farms 

220 to 259 acres farms 

260 to 499 acres farms 

500 to 999 acres farms 

1,000 acres and over farms 

Cropland used only for crops 
not harvested and not pastured. . .farms 

Under 10 acres farms 

10 to 29 acres farms 

30 to 49 acres farms 

50 to 69 acres farms 

70 to 99 acres farms 

100 to 139 acres farms 

140 to 179 acres farms 

180 to 219 acres farms 

220 to 259 acres farms 

260 to 499 acres farms 

500 to 999 acres farms 

1,000 acres and over farms 

Cropland lying idle farms 

Under 10 acres farms 

10 to 29 acres farms 

30 to 49 acres farms 

50 to 69 acres farms 

70 to 99 acres farms 

100 to 139 acres farms 

140 to 179 acres farms 

180 to 219 acres farms 

220 to 259 acres farms 

260 to 499 acres farms 

500 to 999 acres farms 

1,000 acres and over farms 

See footnotes at end of table. 



reporting. . 
acres. . 

reporting. . 
acres. . 

reporting. . 
acres. . 

reporting., 
acres. . 

reporting., 
acres.. 

reporting. . 
acres.. 

reporting. . 
acres. . 

reporting., 
acres. . 

reporting. . 
acres. . 

reporting. . 
acres. . 

reporting. . 
acres. . 

reporting. . 
acres.. 

reporting. . 
acres. . 

reporting., 
acres. . 

reporting. . 
acres.. 

reporting. . 
acres. . 

reporting. . 
acres. . 

reporting. . 
acres. . 

reporting. . 
acres. . 

reporting. . 
acres.. 

reporting. . 
acres. . 

reporting. . 
acres. . 

reporting. . 
acres. . 

reporting. . 
acres. . 

reporting. . 
acres. . 

reporting. . 
acres. . 

reporting. . 
acres. . 

reporting. . 
acres. . 

reporting., 
acres. . 

reporting. . 
acres. . 

reporting., 
acres. . 

reporting. . 
acres.. 

reporting. . 
acres. . 

reporting. . 
acres. . 

reporting., 
acres. . 

reporting., 
acres. . 

reporting., 
acres. . 

reporting., 
acres. . 

reporting. . 
acres. . 



9,600 

188,461 

567 
1,593 

1,478 
10,249 

1,154 
13,036 

997 
13,615 

1,197 
20,693 

1,293 
27,260 

872 
21,052 

587 
16,863 

377 
10,822 

800 
31,664 

219 
15,680 

59 

5,934 

2,397 
33,994 

67 
190 

247 
1,147 

204 
1,272 

241 
1,721 

311 
3,220 

362 
4,633 

257 
3,615 

186 
3,469 

135 
2,466 

276 
6,963 

89 
3,682 

22 
1,616 

8,107 
154,467 

513 
1,403 

1,292 
9,102 

1,028 

11,764 

860 
11,894 

1,007 
17,473 

1,076 
22,627 

705 
17,437 

472 
13,394 

297 
8,356 

643 
24,701 

171 
11,998 

43 
4,318 



14,173 
307,637 

936 

2,878 

2,001 

13,730 

1,732 
20,433 

1,417 
21,212 

1,741 
32,410 

2,013 
45,228 

1,452 
39,281 

837 
24,929 

627 
22,124 

1,050 
48,931 

311 
26,935 



(HA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 

(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 



(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 



(NA) 
224,838 

(NA) 
1,962 

(NA) 
9,895 

(NA) 
14,449 

(NA) 
17,923 

(NA) 
26,062 

(NA) 
34,363 

(NA) 
29,026 

(NA) 
19,991 

(NA) 
13,869 

(NA) 
36,646 

(NA) 
17,150 

(NA) 
3,502 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 

(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 



(NA) 

375,021 

(NA) 
4,902 

(NA) 
19,277 

(NA) 
23,434 

(NA) 
28,707 

(NA) 
43,188 

(NA) 
57,965 

(NA) 
47,179 

(NA) 
35,893 

(NA) 
23,603 

(NA) 
64,804 

(NA) 
18,729 

(NA) 
7,340 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 

(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 

(NA) 

(NA) 

(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
INA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 



(NA) 

405,092 

(NA) 

3,210 

(NA) 
18,993 

(NA) 
23,738 

(NA) 
30,252 

(NA) 
45,302 

(NA) 
67,671 

(NA) 
54,973 

(NA) 
40,595 

(NA) 
27,190 

(NA) 
65,322 

(NA) 
18,631 

(NA) 
9,215 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 

(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 

(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 

(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 

(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 



(NA) 

387,649 
(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 

(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 

(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 



(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 

(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 

(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 

(NA) 

(NA) 

(NA) 

(NA) 

(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 



(NA) 
450,002 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 

(NA) 

(NA) 

(NA) 

(NA) 

(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 

(NA) 



(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 



104 



STATISTICS FOR THE STATE 



State Table 2.-FARMS AND FARM ACREAGE ACCORDING TO USE, BY SIZE OF FARM: CENSUSES OF 1920 TO 1954-Continued 

[Data for 1950 are based on reports for only a sample of farms. See text] 



(For definitions and explanations, see text) 



Census of — 



1954 
(November) 



1950 
(April 1) 



1945 
(January l) 



1940 
(April 1) 



1935 
(January 1) 



1930 
(April 1) 



1925 
(January l) 



Land in faras according to use 1 — Continued 

Woodland pastured farms reporting., 

acres. 

Under 10 acres farms reporting., 

acres. , 

10 to 29 acres farms reporting.. 

acres. , 

30 to 49 acres farms reporting. , 

acres. , 

50 to 69 acres farms reporting., 

acres. . 

70 to 99 acres farms reporting., 

acres. , 

100 to 139 acres farms reporting.. 

acres. . 

140 to 179 acres farms reporting.. 

acres.. 

180 to 219 acres farms reporting.. 

acres. , 

220 to 259 acres farms reporting.. 

acres. . 

260 to 499 acres farms reporting.. 

acres. . 

500 to 999 acres farms reporting.. 

acres.. 

1,000 acres and over farms reporting.. 

acres. . 

Woodland not pastured farms reporting.. 

acres. . 

Under 10 acres farms reporting.. 

acres. . 

10 to 29 acres farms reporting. . 

acres. . 
30 to 49 acres farms reporting.. 

acres. . 
50 to 69 acres farms reporting.. 

acres. . 
70 to 99 acres farms reporting. . 

acres. . 

100 to 139 acres farms reporting.. 

acres. . 
140 to 179 acres farms reporting.. 

acres. . 
180 to 219 acres farms reporting.. 

acres.. 
220 to 259 acres farms reporting.. 

acres. . 
260 to 499 acres farms reporting.. 

acres. . 
500 to 999 acres farms reporting.. 

acres. . 
1,000 acres and over... farms reporting.. 

acres. . 

Other pasture (not cropland and 

not «oodlandl farms reporting.. 

acres. . 

Under 10 acres farms reporting . . 

acres.. 

10 to 29 acres farms reporting.. 

acres. . 

30 to 49 acres farms reporting. . 

acres. . 
50 to 69 acres farms reporting.. 

acres. . 

70 to 99 acres farms reporting.. 

acres. . 
100 to 139 acres farms reporting.. 

acres. . 
140 to 179 acres farms reporting.. 

acres. . 
180 to 219 acres farms reporting.. 

acres. . 

220 to 259 acres farms reporting.. 

acres. . 

260 to 499 acres farms reporting.. 

acres. . 

500 to 999 acres farms reporting.. 

' acres.. 

1,000 acres and over farms reporting.. 

acres. . 

See footnotes at end of table. 



6,462 

194,100 

123 
298 

513 
3,213 

545 
5,012 

585 
7,586 

784 
12,520 

1,091 

23,255 

853 

23,850 

602 
19,777 

371 
15,350 

758 
41,495 

178 
22,718 

59 
19,026 

19,073 
938,659 

567 
1,465 

2,057 
14,960 

1,913 
25,486 

1,846 
34,371 

2,317 
59,349 

2,850 
93,903 

2,161 
96,590 

1,520 
84,712 

965 
66,757 

2,156 

215,370 

570 

132,663 

151 
113,033 



12,238 
417,170 

654 
2,002 

1,260 

9,106 

1,039 
11,805 

1,062 
16,130 

1,459 
30,600 

2,021 
56,834 

1,532 
56,909 

1,000 
46,732 

624 
32,306 

1,260 
92,390 

252 
35,373 

75 
26,983 



7,024 
158,097 

200 
540 

505 
2,345 

626 

5,704 

786 
9,311 

875 
12,865 

1,225 
25,655 

956 
22,701 

530 
13,370 

410 

14,350 

707 
30,660 

178 
14,550 

26 
6,046 

22,494 
1,023,626 

700 
1,965 

2,542 
16,630 

2,473 
31,370 

2,279 
41,723 

2,846 
69,318 

3,527 
112,862 

2,478 
106,200 

1,670 
90,365 

1,187 
86,861 

2,064 
217,864 

603 
148,645 

125 
99,823 



12,130 
348,306 

485 
1,460 

1,111 
6,294 

1,035 
9,590 

1,186 
15,688 

1,496 
26,922 

2,136 
52,440 

1,657 
54,603 

1,035 
42,310 

611 
25,890 

1,076 
69,670 

248 
26,469 



5,060 

127,338 

(NA) 

455 

(NA) 

3,027 

(NA) 

4,609 

(NA) 

6,704 

(NA) 

10,975 

(NA) 

19,313 

(NA) 

16,294 

(NA) 

14,154 

(NA) 

10,424 

(NA) 

25,231 

(NA) 

11,249 

(NA) 

4,903 

25,004 
973,937 

(NA) 
1,969 

(NA) 
17,745 

(NA) 
28,096 

(NA) 
42,731 

(NA) 
74,153 

(NA) 
124,737 

(NA) 
118,486 

(NA) 
98,641 

(NA) 
75,818 

(NA) 

21 ,47: 

(NA) 

114,650 

(NA) 

59,436 

17,548 
471,767 

(NA) 
3,486 

(NA) 
12,528 

(NA) 
16,473 

(NA) 
25,602 

(NA) 
43,276 

(NA) 
75,145 

(NA) 
67,261 

(NA) 
56,050 

(NA) 
36,011 

(NA) 
38,763 

(NA) 
32,722 

(NA) 
14,450 



(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 

(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 

(na) 

(NA) 
(NA) 



(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 



6,810 
185,515 

(NA) 

(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 

(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 

(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 

(NA) 

28,269 

,078,433 
(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 

(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 

(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 



11,508 
213,835 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 

(NA) 

(NA) 

(na) 

(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 



8,132 
205,474 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 

(na) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 

(NA) 

26,856 
1,007,629 

(NA) 
(NA) 

, (NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 

(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 

(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 



11,354 

214,43: 

(NA) 

689 

(NA) 

3 12,160 

(NA) 

(NA) 

(NA) 

4 32,803 

(NA) 

(NA) 

(NA) 

5 119,347 

(NA) 

(NA) 

(NA) 

(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
36,855 

(NA) 
9,850 

(NA) 
2,731 



7,467 
187,183 

(NA) 
(NA, 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 

(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 

(na) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 

(NA) 

28,327 

945,760 

(NA) 

(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 

(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 

(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 



10,311 
180,204 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 

(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 

(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 



MARYLAND 



105 



State Table 2.-FARMS AND FARM ACREAGE ACCORDING TO USE, BY SIZE OF FARM: CENSUSES OF 1920 TO 1954 -Continued 



[Data for 1950 are based on reports for only a sample of farms. See text] 



(For definitions and explanations, see text) 



Census of — 



1954 

(November) 



1950 1945 

(April II (January l) 



1940 
(April 1) 



1935 
(January 1) 



1930 
(April 1) 



1925 

(January l) 



1920 
(January 1) 



Land in farss according to use 1 —Continued 

Other pasture (not cropland and not woodland) — Continued 

Improved pasture (see text) farms reporting... 

acres. . . 

Under 10 acres farms reporting... 

acres. . . 

10 to 29 acres farms reporting... 

acres. . . 

30 to 49 acres farms reporting... 

acres . . . 

50 to 69 acres farms reporting... 

acres. . . 

70 to 99 acres farms reporting... 

acres. . . 

100 to 139 acres farms reporting... 

acres. . . 

140 to 179 acres farms reporting... 

acres. . . 

180 to 219 acres farms reporting... 

acres... 

220 to 259 acres farms reporting... 

acres. . . 

260 to 499 acres farms reporting... 

acres. . . 

500 to 999 acres farms reporting... 

acres... 

1,000 acres and over farms reporting... 

acres... 

Cropland, tutal* farms reporting..! 

acres... 

Under 10 acres farms reporting... 

acres. . . 

10 to 29 acres farms reporting... 

acres. . . 

30 to 49 acres farms reporting... 

acres. . . 

50 to 69 acres farms reporting... 

acres. . . 

70 to 99 acres farms reporting. . . 

acres. . . 

100 to 139 acres farms reporting... 

acres. . . 

140 to 179 acres farms reporting... 

acres. . . 

180 to 219 acres farms reporting... 

acres. . . 

220 to 259 acres farms reporting. . . 

acres. . . 

260 to 499 acres farms reporting... 

acres. * . 

500 to 999 acres farms reporting... 

acres. . . 

1,000 acres and over farms reporting... 

acres. . . 

Land postured, total farms reporting... 

acres. .. 

Under 10 acres farms reporting... 

acres. . . 

10 to 29 acres farms reporting. . . 

acres. . . 

30 to 49 acres farms reporting... 

acres. .. 

50 to 69 acres farms reporting. . . 

acres. . . 

70 to 99 acres farms reporting... 

acres. . . 

100 to 139 acres farms reporting... 

acres... 

140 to 179 acres farms reporting... 

acres. .. 

180 to 219 acres farms reporting... 

acres. .. 

220 to 259 acres farms reporting... 

acres. . . 

260 to 499 acres farms reporting... 

acres. . . 

500 to 999 acres farms reporting... 

acres. .. 

1,000 acres and over farms reporting... 

acres... 



3,394 
109,870 

73 
208 

173 
1,114 

190 
1,860 

229 
2,657 

375 
6,376 

636 
13,930 

507 
14,691 

357 
12,362 

8,702 

478 
27,286 

110 
11,275 

30 
9,409 

29,673 
2,123,469 

2,835 
10,389 

4,459 
51,306 

2,980 
67,489 

2,607 
88,736 

3,228 
156,018 

3,983 

272,076 

2,933 
264,351 

1,969 
224,207 

1,246 
169,067 

2,607 
491,051 

656 
213,464 

170 
115,315 

22,517 
974,534 

1,141 
3,555 

2,488 
19,582 

2,044 
27,193 

2,040 
38,188 

2,641 
67,231 

3,500 
124,231 

2,634 
123,285 

1,779 
105,191 

1,131 

Vd,242 

2,394 
223,750 

577 
97,522 

148 
68,564 



(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 

(NA) 

(NA) 

(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 

(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 

(NA) 

(NA) 

(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

34,007 
2,320,727 

3,183 
12,480 

5,395 
62,317 

3,675 
87,207 

3,285 
115,435 

3,798 
193,101 

4,736 
337,962 

3,269 
310,273 

2,035 
236,533 

1,422 
195,436 

2,417 
463,746 

661 
212,189 

131 
94,048 

26,340 
960,650 

1,425 
4,540 

3,047 
19,506 

2,508 
31,175 

2,673 
47,588 

3,204 
73,983 

4,248 
141,178 

3,063 
134,639 

1,892 
102,126 

1,361 
80,640 

2,256 
194,398 

547 
84,790 

116 
46,087 



(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 

(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 

(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 

(NA) 

(NA) 

(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

39,496 
2,363,714 

4,958 
16,316 

6,408 
69,708 

4,081 
97,281 

3,882 

137,854 

4,412 
220,160 

5,442 
382,453 

3,660 
343,935 

2,269 
257,001 

1,341 
180,996 

2,404 
430,864 

538 

159,704 

101 
67,442 

29,047 
992,720 

1,989 
5,627 

3,446 
23,586 

2,737 
32,898 

2,943 
50,075 

3,706 
85,239 

4,778 
152,736 

3,323 
138,205 

2,094 
115,205 

1,242 
80,193 

2,220 
197,828 

478 
77,770 

91 

33,358 



(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

41,310 
,584,620 

(NA) 
19,927 

(NA) 
85,751 

(NA) 
116,095 

(NA) 
159,605 

(NA) 
261,465 

(NA) 
441,588 

(NA) 
388,719 

(NA) 
290,668 

(NA) 
196,049 

(NA) 
446,988 

(NA) 
120,978 

(NA) 
56,787 

(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 

(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 

(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 



(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 

(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 

(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 

(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 

(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 

(NA) 
20,03o 

(NA) 
96,4o2 

(NA) 
124,615 

(NA) 
168,831 

(NA) 
271,284 

(NA) 
470,422 

(NA) 
408,318 

(NA) 
294,123 

(NA) 
199,209 

(NA) 

427,191 

(NA) 

109,351 

(NA) 

43,271 

(NA) 

949,937 

(NA) 

(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 



(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 

(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
2,668,177 

(NA) 

(NA) 

INA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 

(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
958,822 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 

(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 

(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 



(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 

(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 

(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 

(NA) 

(NA) 

(NA) 

(NA) 
2,753,038 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 

(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 

(na) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
892,910 

(NA) 

(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 



See footnotes at end of table. 



106 



STATISTICS FOR THE STATE 



State Table 2.-FARMS AND FARM ACREAGE ACCORDING TO USE, BY SIZE OF FARM: CENSUSES OF 1920 TO 1954 -Continued 

[Data for 1950 are based on reports for only a sample of farms. See text] 



(For definitions and explanations, see text) 



1954 
(November) 



1950 1945 

(April 1) (January 1) 



1940 1935 1930 

(April 1) (January 1) (April 1) 



1925 

(January 1) 



Land in farms according to use 1 — Continued 

Woodland, total farms reporting., 

acres. . 
Under 10 acres farms reporting. . 

acres. . 
10 to 29 acres farms reporting.. 

acres. . 
30 to 49 acres farms reporting. . 

acres.. 
50 to 69 acres farms reporting.. 

acres. . 
70 to 99 acres farms reporting.. 

acres. . 
100 to 139 acres farms reporting.. 

acres. . 
140 to 179 acres farms reporting.. 

acres. . 
180 to 219 acres farms reporting.. 

acres. . 
220 to 259 acres farms reporting.. 

acres.. 
260 to 499 acres farms reporting.. 

acres. . 
500 to 999 acres farms reporting.. 

acres. . 
1,000 acres and over farms reporting.. 

acres.. 
Irrigated land l» faraa farms reporting.. 

acres. . 
Under 10 acres... farms reporting.. 

acres. . 
10 to 29 acres farms reporting.. 

acres. . 
30 to 49 acres farms reporting.. 

acres. . 
50 to 69 acres farms reporting.. 

acres. . 
70 to 99 acres farms reporting.. 

acres. . 

100 to 139 acres farms reporting.. 

acres. . 

140 to 179 acres farms reporting.. 

acres.. 

180 to 219 acres farms reporting.. 

acres. . 

220 to 259 acres farms reporting.. 

acres. . 
260 to 499 acres farms reporting.. 

acres.. 
500 to 999 acres farms reporting.. 

acres.. 
1,000 acres and over farms reporting.. 

acres. . 

See footnotes at end of table. 



22,412 

1,132,759 

685 

1,763 

2,467 

18,173 

2,286 

30,498 

2,176 

41,957 

2,729 

71,869 

3,417 

117,158 

2,546 

120,440 

1,770 

104,459 

1,125 

82,107 

2,415 

256,865 

627 

155,381 

169 

132,059 

235 

8,344 

16 

32 

15 

69 

11 

119 

17 

197 

14 

173 

23 
273 

25 
681 

16 
428 

13 

795 

49 

1,735 

22 

1,280 

14 
2,562 



25,508 

1,181,723 

885 

2,505 

2,882 

18,975 

2,824 

37,074 

2,695 

51,034 

3,196 

82,183 

4,047 

138,517 

2,813 

128,901 

1,835 

103,735 

1,312 

101,211 

2,254 

248,524 

637 

163,195 

128 

105,869 

30 

663 



27,283 

1,101,275 

(MA) 

2,424 

(NA) 

20,772 

(NA) 

32,705 

(NA) 

49,435 

(NA) 

85,128 

(NA) 

144,050 

(NA) 

134,780 

(NA) 

112,795 

(NA) 

86,242 

(NA) 

242,706 

(NA) 

125,899 

(NA) 

64,339 

8 

287 

(NA) 

(NA) 

(NA) 

(NA) 

(NA) 

(NA) 

(NA) 

(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(HA) 



29,360 

1,142,236 

(NA) 

2,428 

(NA) 

21,006 

(NA) 

35,846 

(NA) 

54,163 

(NA) 
91,854 

(NA) 
155,716 

(NA) 
146,871 

(NA) 
124,713 

(NA) 
87,807 

(NA) 
249,321 

(NA) 

97,259 

(NA) 

75,252 

17 

67 

(NA) 

(NA) 

(NA) 

(NA) 

(NA) 

(NA) 

(NA) 

(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 

(NA) 



(NA) 
1,263,948 

(NA) 

(NA) 

(NA) 

(NA) 

(NA) 

(NA) 

(NA) 

(NA) 

(NA) 

(NA) 

(NA) 

(NA) 

(NA) 

(NA) 

(NA) 

(NA) 

(NA) 

(NA) 

(NA) 

(NA) 

(NA) 

(NA) 

(NA) 

(NA) 

(NA) 

(NA) 

(NA) 

(NA) 

(NA) 

(NA) 

(NA) 

(NA) 

(NA) 

(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(MA) 



(NA) 
1,213,103 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(MA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 

(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(MA) 



(NA) 
1,132,943 

(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 

(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 



MARYLAND 



107 



State Table 2.-FARMS AND FARM ACREAGE ACCORDING TO USE. BY SIZE OF FARM: CENSUSES OF 1920 TO 1954-Continued 

fData for 1950 are based on reportB for only a sample of farms. See text] 



Item 
(For definitions and explanations, see text) 



1954 
(Novembe 



1950 
(April 1) 



1945 
(January 1) 



1940 
(April l) 



1935 

( January l) 



1930 
(April l) 



1925 

(January 1) 



1920 
(January l) 



l.anJ in lnrms HccorJin^ lo use — Continued 
Cover crops turned under and land 
planted to another crop. .......... ..f arms 

Under 10 acres farms 

10 to 29 acres farms 

30 to 49 acres farms 

50 to 69 acres. farms 

70 to 99 acres. farms 

100 to 139 acres farms 

140 to 179 acres farms 

180 to 219 acres farms 

220 to 259 acres farms 

260 to 499 acres farms 

500 to 999 acres farms 

l f 0O0 acres and over farnis 

Cropland used for row or (Train crops 
faraed on ron( oui .................. . 

Under 10 acres farms 

10 to 29 acres farms 

30 to 49 acres farms 

50 t£> 69 acres... ..farms 

70 to 99 acres farms 

100 to 139 acres farms 

140 to 179 acres farms 

180 to 219 acres farms 

220 to 259 acres farms 

260 to 499 acres farms 

500 to 999 acres farms 

1,000 acres and over farms 



reporting., 
acres. 

reporting, 
acres. 

reporting. 
acres. 

reporting, 
acres. 

reporting, 
acres. 

reporting, 
acres. 

reporting, 
acres. 

reporting, 
acres. 

reporting, 
acres. 

reporting, 
acres. 

reporting. 
acres. 

reporting, 
acres. 

reporting, 
acres. 



reporting, 
acres. 

reporting. 
acres. 

reporting, 
acres. 

reporting, 
acres, 

reporting, 
acres. 

reporting, 
acres. 

reporting, 
acres. 

reporting, 
acres. 

reporting, 
acres. 

reporting, 
acres. 

reporting, 
acres. 

reporting, 
acres. 

reporting, 
acres. 



6,415 
138,632 

364 
1,281 

650 
4,492 

556 
4,896 

560 
6,612 

783 
10,343 

898 
14,691 

718 
13,921 

481 
11,146 

329 

9,154 

756 
29,188 

244 
15,707 

76 
17,201 

1,688 
67,779 

15 
52 

38 
236 

54 

547 

119 
2,040 

196 
4,306 

320 
9,774 

290 
11,435 

178 
8,050 

126 
5,855 

267 

16,367 

66 

4,911 

19 
4,206 



(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 



(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 



(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 



(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 



(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 

(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 

(NA) 



(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 



(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 

(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 



NA Not available. 1 For the Census of 1954, in the calendar year; all other censuses, in the calendar year preceding the census. 2 Total acreage of crops for which 
figures are available, except that corn cut for forage was excluded as most of this acreage was probably duplicated in the acreage of com harvested for grain. 3 10 to 49 acres. 
^50 to 99 acres. '100 to 259 acres. ^Total cropland, cropland used only for pasture, and other pasture not fully comparable for the various census years because of differ- 
ences in definition of cropland used only for pasture. See text. 






108 



STATISTICS FOR THE STATE 



State Table 3.-FARMS AND LAND IN FARMS, BY COLOR AND TENURE OF OPERATOR: CENSUSES OF 1920 TO 1954 

[Data In italics are based on reports for only a sample of farms. See textl 



(For definitions and explanations, see text) 



Census of — 



1954 

(November) 



1950 
(April 1) 



1945 
(January 1) 



1940 
(April 1) 



1935 

(January 



1930 

(April 1 



1925 
( January 1 ) 



1920 
(January 1) 



ALL FARM OPERATORS 

All fan •pernors number. . 

Full owners number. . 

Part owners ....*.............-*..*.... ..••.••.••• number ■ . 

Managers. .number. . 

All tenants number. . 

Proportion of tenancy percent . . 

Cash tenants .number . . 

Share-cash tenants. number. . 

Share tenants. .number. . 

Croppers. ........■...•.•.••..•...*••• .number. . 

Other and unspecified tenants number.. 

All land in fana acres.. 

Full owners acres.. 

Part owners acres.. 

Managers ...*..................... .acres . . 

All tenants acres.. 

Cash tenants acres. . 

Share-cash tenants acres.. 

Share tenants acres . . 

Croppers acres.. 

Other and unspecified tenants acres.. 

All cropland harvested acres.. 

Full owners acres. . 

Part owners acres. . 

Managers .............••.•••.... acres.. 

All tenants acres. . 

Cash tenants acres.. 

Share-cash tenants acres.. 

Share tenants acres . . 

Croppers «• .acres . . 

Other and unspecified tenants acres. . 

Cora harvested for grain acres.. 

Full owners acres.. 

Part owners acres. . 

Managers ..acres. . 

All tenants acres.. 

Cash tenants acres. . 

Share-cash tenants acres . . 

Share tenants acreB.. 

Croppers acres.. 

Other and unspecified tenants acres.. 

Tobacco harvested acres. . 

Full owners acres.. 

Part owners acres.. 

Managers acres.. 

All tenants acres.. 

Cash tenants acres.. 

Share— cash tenants. ........................... .acres.. 

Share tenants. ................................ .acres. . 

Croppers acres.. 

Other and unspecified tenants acres.. 

ALL WHITE FARM OPERATORS 

All white fan sseratsrs number.. 

Full owners number.. 

Part owners number. . 

Managers .number. . 

All tenants number.. 

Proportion of tenancy percent. . 

Cash tenants number.. 

Share-cash tenants. .......................... .number. . 

Share tenants • number. . 

Croppers.. ............-*••...........••••.-. ..number. . 

Other and unspecified tenants number.. 

All laawl is farms acres.. 

Full owners acres.. 

Part owners acres.. 

Managers acres.. 

An tenants acres. . 

Cash tenants acres.. 

Share-cash tenants. ........................... .acres. . 

Share tenants. ................................ .acres. . 

Croppers acres.. 

Other and unspecified tenants acres.. 

All croplsad haxvaatas) acres.. 

Full owners acres. . 

Part owners acres.. 

Managers. .acres. , 

All tenants - acres., 

Cash tenants ■ acres. . 

Share-cash tenants. .acres.. 

Share tenants. .acres. . 

Croppers. .acres, , 

Other and unspecified tenants acres., 



32,483 

22. 505 

4,344 

337 

5,297 

16.3 

976 

156 
2.443 
1,070 

652 

3,916,552 

2.251.151 

793. 526 

160.745 
v'l. 13n 
124,083 
30, 785 
411,836 
85,594 
58,832 

1,603,305 

783,603 

408,077 

59,532 

352.093 

63.468 

19.460 

210,068 

32.357 

26. 740 

427.032 
193.207 
115.117 

9.456 
109,252 
11.560 

5.702 
75.485 

9,205 

7,300 

50,035 

24 . 335 

7,403 

513 

17.784 

165 

135 

9.523 

6.923 

1.038 



29.586 

20.945 

3.969 

331 

4.341 
14.7 

931 
151 
2,138 
549 
572 



.784.262 

.192.916 

774.031 

160.195 

657,120 

120,978 

30,735 

382.491 

66.474 

56. U2 

.561.132 

769.523 

391.482 

59.012 

335.115 

63.193 

19.430 

201, H78 

25.064 

26.050 



36,107 

25,671 

3,387 

338 

6,711 
18.6 

1,008 
189 
3,181 
1,107 
1,226 

4,055,529 

2,428,596 

563,303 

167,162 

896,468 
123,141 

38,448 
514,805 

89,236 
130,838 

1,531,421 

815,347 

260,447 

59,923 

395,704 

55,628 

21,388 

236,911 

34,504 

47,273 

405,801 

211.826 

68,265 

9,530 

116,180 
12.345 

7, 245 
75.563 

9,920 
11,107 

47,640 

24,182 

4.376 

728 

18.354 
166 
105 
10.300 
5.236 
2.547 



32,504 

23,860 

3,020 

328 

5,296 

16.3 

956 

178 

2,595 

560 

1,007 

3,864,980 

2,362,365 

541,955 

162,754 

797,906 

121,184 

37,765 

459,684 

62,887 

116,386 

1,478,545 

799,151 

252,879 

58,457 

368,058 

54,916 

21,209 

222,688 

25,356 

43,889 



41,275 

28,386 

2,564 

832 

9,493 
23.0 

1,747 
53 
4,390 
1,467 
1,836 

4,199,859 

2,368,369 

376,478 

277,768 

1,177,244 
143,887 
8,898 
658,651 
153,931 
211,877 



927, 213 
189,464 
112,547 
516,037 
59,714 
4,355 
307,113 
53,463 
91,392 

457.117 
240, 524 
47.330 

27.161 

142.102 
14.171 
2.016 
82. 730 
16.202 
26, 983 

41,793 

20.044 

1.280 

1.013 

19.456 
90 

10.465 
7.479 
1,42! 



37,057 
26,221 
2,300 
791 
7,745 
20.9 

1,580 

49 

3,666 

869 

1,581 

3,947,106 

2,293,941 

362,442 

269,288 

1,021,435 

136,760 

8,777 

578,278 

108,752 

188,868 

1,668,010 

904, 9o7 

183,347 

108,982 

470,714 

57,425 

4,297 

284,175 

40,962 

83.855 



42,110 

28,737 

1,721 

658 

10,994 
26.1 

2,216 
64 
5,568 
1,644 
1,502 

4,197,827 

2,412,455 

228,956 

207,360 

1,349,056 
158.576 
10,422 
842,848 
171,478 
165,732 

1,608,856 
892,043 
103,843 

81,999 
530,971 

50,963 

3,812 

353,684 

62 ,477 

60,035 

456,501 
(NA) 
(MA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 

39,911 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 



38,059 

26,678 

1,509 

636 

9,236 

24.3 

2,041 
55 
4,748 
1,082 
1,310 

3,961,630 

2,340,015 

218,636 

201,978 

1,201,001 

152,585 

10,073 

747,142 

139,099 

152,102 

1,544,790 
872,692 
100,081 

80,285 
491,732 

49,516 

3,641 

330,885 

51,327 

56,363 



44,412 
29,398 

2,077 
847 

12,090 

27.2 

(NA) 

(NA) 

(NA) 

1,661 

(«) 

4,383,641 

2,489,702 

197,554 

230,328 

1,466,057 

(na) 

(NA) 

(NA) 

162,486 

(«*) 

1,677,434 

930,520 

90,826 

86,728 

569,360 

(NA) 

(NA) 

(NA) 

61,011 

(«•) 

451,207 

(NA) 

(NA) 

(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 

36,381 

(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 



39,518 

27,033 

1,722 

805 

9,958 

25.2 

(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
1,061 
(«*) 

4,088,415 

2,410,617 

184,103 

222,194 

1,271,501 

(NA) 

(NA) 

(NA) 

115,488 

<*») 

1,598,984 

910,368 

85,765 

82,880 

519,971 

(NA) 

(NA) 

(NA) 

45,056 



43,203 

28,333 

2,490 

939 

11,441 
26.5 

1,842 
(NA) 
(NA) 

1,646 
(«) 

4,374,398 

2,393,647 

246,649 

228,397 

1,505,705 
152.719 

two 

(NA) 

190,604 

(-) 

1,741,615 

916,987 

110,886 

87,666 

626,076 

47,577 

(NA) 

(NA) 

69,796 

«t») 

463,293 

(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 

32,864 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 



37,936 

25,971 

1,911 

819 

9,235 

24.3 

1,629 
(NA) 
(NA) 

1,049 
(«) 

4,028,829 

2,306,054 

226,307 

206,519 

1,289,949 

143,857 

(NA) 

(NA) 

143,614 

(*») 

1,637,541 

891 ,653 

101,947 

78,807 

565,134 

45,468 

(NA) 

(NA) 

52,793 

<<"•) 



49,001 

33,771 

1,367 

936 

12,927 
26.4 

1,861 
(NA) 
(NA) 

1,465 
(«) 

4,433,398 

2,563,394 

110,768 

182,368 

1,576,868 

121 .370 

(NA) 

(NA) 

147,371 

(«) 

1,777,513 

964,942 

47,289 

74,527 

690,755 

39,216 

(NA) 

(NA) 

62,841 

(*«) 

480,801 
264,841 

14,092 

201,868 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 

31,700 

16,218 

390 

15,092 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 



42,280 

30,060 

972 

831 

10,417 

24.6 

1,608 
(NA) 
(NA) 
852 
(«*.) 

4,077,013 

2,457,900 

96,135 

166,239 

1,356,739 

111,271 

(NA) 

(NA) 

102,950 

(NA) 

1,669,394 

933,807 

41,223 

68,574 

625,790 

36,432 

(NA) 

(NA) 

44,503 

(NA) 



See footnotes at end of table. 



MARYLAND 



109 



State Table 3.-FARMS AND LAND IN FARMS, BY COLOR AND TENURE OF OPERATOR: CENSUSES OF 1920 TO 1954 -Continued 

[Data In Italics are based on reports for only a sample of farms. See text] 



Item 
(For definitions and explanations see text) 



ALL WHITE FARM OPERATORS— Continued 

Cera harvested for craio. acres... 

Full owners acres.. . 

Part owners acres... 

Managers .acres . . . 

All tenants acres. . . 

Cash tenants, acres.. . 

Share-cash tenants acres. . . 

Share tenants acres... 

Croppers ..........................acres... 

Other and unspecified tenants acres... 

Tobacco harvested acres 



Full owners acres... 

Part owners acres. . . 

Managers acres . . . 

All tenants acres. . . 

Cash tenants acres. . . 

Share-cash tenants acres... 

Share tenants acres. . . 

Croppers acres... 

Other and unspecified tenants acres... 



ALL NONWHITE FARM OPERATORS 

All aoovhite fara operator* number... 

Full owners number. . . 

Part owners number. . . 

Managers number. . . 

All tenants number... 

Proportion of tenancy percent. . . 

Cash tenants number... 

Share-cash tenants. .number. . . 

Share tenants ..number. . , 

Croppers number. . , 

Other and unspecified tenants number. . , 

All load ia faraa acres.., 

Full owners acres.., 

Part owners acres... 

Managers ..........acres.. 

All tenants acres. . 

Cash tenants acres.. 

Share-cash tenants acres. . 

Share tenants acres. . 

Croppers acres. . 

Other and unspecified tenants acres.. 

All crooload barveated acres. . 

Full owners acres. . 

Part owners acres.. 

Managers .acres . . 

All tenants acres . . 

Cash tenants. ................-...............> .acres. . 

Share-cash tenants acres.. 

Share tenants acres.. 

Croppers. ..acres.. 

Other and unspecified tenants acres . . 

Cora barveated far graia .acres. . 

Full owners acres. . 

Part owners acres.. 

Managers. .................•■.••...••...,,,....... .acres. . 

All tenants acres.. 

Cash tenants. .............-*.*.••..,••>....... .acres. . 

Share-cash tenants acres. . 

Share tenants. ..........................••.->> .acres. . 

Croppers acres.. 

Other and unspecified tenants acres. . 

Tobacro harvested acres. . 

Full owners acres.. 

Part owners acres. . 

Managers acres . . 

All tenants acres. . 

Cash tenants ..acres.. 

Share-cash tenants aores.. 

Share tenants acres.. 

Croppers acres. . 

Other and unspecified tenants acres.. 



1954 
(November) 



412.097 

187.592 

111.397 

9.301 

103.307 
11.430 
5.702 
72,140 
6.940 
7.095 

39.311 

22.402 

6.070 

513 

10.326 

110 

105 

6.814 

3.053 

744 



2.397 

1.560 

375 

6 

956 

33.0 

45 

5 

305 

521 

80 

132.290 

58.235 

19.495 

550 

54.010 
3,105 
50 
29.345 
19. 120 
2.390 

42.173 

14.080 

10.595 

520 

16.978 

275 

30 

8.690 

7.293 

690 

14,935 
5.615 
3.220 

155 

5.945 
130 

3,345 

2.265 

205 

10.224 
1.933 
1,333 



6.958 

55 

30 

2.709 

3.870 



1950 
(April 1) 



386.156 
204.821 



9.250 

106,265 

11.940 

7.140 

70,033 

7,195 

9.957 

36.475 

22, 240 

3.366 

608 

10,261 

166 

30 

6,620 

1.910 

1.535 



3,603 

1,811 

367 

10 

1,415 
39.3 



586 
547 
219 

190,549 
66,231 
21,348 

4,408 

98,562 
1,957 
683 
55,121 
26,349 
14,452 

52,876 
16,196 
7,568 

1,466 

27,646 

712 

17° 

14,223 

9,148 

3,384 

19.645 

7.005 

2.445 

280 

9.915 
405 
105 
5.530 
2.725 
1,150 

11.165 

1.942 

1.010 

120 

8.093 

75 
3.630 

3.326 



1945 
(January 1) 



425.590 

230.337 

42. 524 

26,065 

126.664 
13.637 
1.782 
73.550 
11.774 
25.921 

30.498 
16.651 

1.064 

1.013 

11.770 
18 

7.333 
3.213 
1,206 



4,218 

2,165 

264 

41 

1,748 
41.4 



724 
598 
255 

252,753 

74,428 

14,036 

8,480 

155,809 

7,127 

121 

80,373 

45,179 

23,009 

77,251 
22,246 

6,117 

3,565 

45,323 

2,289 

58 

22,938 

L2,501 

7,537 

31,527 

10.187 

4,806 

1.096 

IS.' i 

534 

234 

9.180 

4.423 

1.062 

11.295 

3.393 
216 



3.132 

4,266 

216 



1940 
(April 1) 



(HA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 

(NA) 

(NA) 

(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 



4,051 

2,059 

212 

22 

1,758 
43.4 
175 
9 
820 
562 
192 

236,197 

72,440 

10,320 

5,382 

148,055 

5,991 

349 

95,706 

32,379 

13,630 

64,066 
19,351 
3,762 

1,714 

39,239 

1,447 

171 

22,799 

11,150 

3,672 

(NA) 

(NA) 

(NA) 

(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 

(NA) 

(NA) 

(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 



1935 
(January 1} 



(NA) 

(NA) 

(NA) 

(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 



4,894 

2,365 

355 

42 

2,132 
43.6 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
600 
(-) 

295,226 

79,085 

13,451 

8,134 

194,556 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
46,998 
(«•) 

78,450 

20,152 

5,061 

3,848 

49,389 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 

15,955 
(«) 

(NA) 

(NA) 

(NA) 

(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 

(NA) 

(NA) 

(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 



1930 
(April 1) 



(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 



5,267 

2,362 

579 

120 

2,206 
41.9 
213 
(NA) 
(NA) 
597 
(-) 

345,569 

87,593 

20,342 

21,878 

215,756 

8,862 

(NA) 

(NA) 

46,990 

(~) 

104,074 

25,334 

8,939 

8,859 

60,942 

2,109 

(NA) 

(NA) 

17,003 
(«•) 

(NA) 

(NA) 

(NA) 

(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 

(NA) 

(NA) 

(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 



1925 
(January 1) 



(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(HA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 

(NA) 

(NA) 

(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 



6,721 

3,711 

395 

105 

2,510 
37.3 
253 
(NA) 
(NA) 
613 
(•*) 

356,385 

105,494 

14 ,633 

16,129 

220,129 

10,099 

(NA) 

(NA) 

44,421 

(NA) 

108,119 

31,135 

6,066 

5,953 

64,965 

2,784 

(NA) 

(NA) 

18,338 
(NA) 

(NA) 

(NA) 

(NA) 

(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 

(NA) 

(NA) 

(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 



1920 
(January 1) 



•"Available data not comparable. NA Not available. ^otal acreage of crops for which figures are available, except that oorn cut for forage was excluded as 

acreage was probably duplicated In the aoreage of corn harvested for grain. 



most of this 



110 



STATISTICS FOR THE STATE 



State Table 4-FARMS AND FARM CHARACTERISTICS, 

[Data are based on reports for only 



(For definitions and explanations, see text) 



All farm operators 



Total 

all 
farms 



Tenure of operator 1 



Full 
owners 



Part 
owners 



FARMS, ACREAGE, AMD VALUE 
Fans number. 

Land owned by farm operators farms reporting. 

acres. 
Land rented from others by farm operators. .. .farms reporting. 

acres. 
Land managed by farm operators farms reporting. 

acres. 
Land rented to others by farm operators farms reporting. 

acres. 

Land in faraa acres. 

Average size of farm acres. 

Value of land and buildings: 

Average per farm dollars. 

Average per acre dollars. 

Proportion of farms reporting value percent. 

Proportion of land in farms for which 
value was reported percent. 

Land in fnrns according to uae: 

Cropland harvested farms reporting. 

acres. 

1 to 9 acres farms reporting. 

10 to 19 acres farms reporting. 

20 to 29 acres farms reporting. 

30 to 49 acres farms reporting. 

50 to 99 acres farms reporting. 

100 to 199 acres farms reporting. 

200 to 499 acres farms reporting. 

500 acres and over........... ...farms reporting. 

Cropland used only for pasture farms reporting. 

acres. 

Cropland not harvested and not pastured... farms reporting. 

acres. 
Cropland used only for crops not 

harvested and not pastured farms reporting. 

acres. 

Cropland lying idle farms reporting. 

acres. 

Woodland pastured farms reporting. 

acres. 
Woodland not pastured farms reporting. 

acres. 
Other pasture (not cropland and not 
woodland) farms reporting. 

acres. 
Other land (house lots, roads, 
wasteland, etc.) farms reporting. 

acres. 

Cropland, total farms reporting. 

acres. 
Land pastured, total farms reporting. 

acres. 
Woodland, total farms reporting. 

acres. 

FARM OPERATORS 

Residing on farm operated operators reporting. 

Not residing on farm operated operators reporting. 

With other income of family exceeding 
value of agricultural products sold operators reporting. 

[HI -tarn work: 

Working off their farms, total operators reporting. 

1 to 99 days operators reporting. 

100 days or more.... operators reporting. 

Not working off their farms operators reporting. 

By aae: 

Under 25 years operators reporting. 

25 to 34 years operators reporting. 

35 to 44 years operators reporting. 

45 to 54 years operators reporting. 

55 to 64 years operators reporting. 

65 years and over operators reporting. 

By year began operation of present fara: 

1954 operators reporting. 

1953.. operators reporting. 

1952 operators reporting. 

1951 operators reporting. 

1946-1950 operators reporting. 

1941-1945 operators reporting. 

1940 or earlier operators reporting. 

Faraa bv class af wort power: 

No traotor, horses, or muj.es farms reporting. 

No tractor and only 1 horse or mule faraa reporting. 

No tractor and 2 or more horses 

and/or mules farms reporting. 

Tractor and horses and/or mules. ......... .farms reporting. 

Tractor and no horses or mules farms reporting. 



32,483 

26,894 

2,930,165 

9,691 

1,007,216 

337 

163,237 

2,649 

184,066 

3,916,552 

120.6 



20,342 

177.02 

79 



27,747 
1,603,305 
6,246 
3,994 
2,655 
4,138 
5,946 
3,539 
1,113 
114 

13,697 

378,106 

9,493 

180,100 

2,425 

33,107 

8,006 

146,993 

6,728 

194,162 

19,257 

941,573 

11,787 
399,186 

30,034 
220,120 

29,693 
2,161,511 

22 ,726 
971,454 

22,537 
1,135,735 



30,163 
1,751 



15,391 
4,285 
11,106 
16,259 



509 
3,414 
6,856 
8,082 
7,145 
5,899 



1,102 
1,249 
1,664 
1,653 
7,623 
4,721 
13 ,675 



7,842 
1,393 

1,468 
7,413 
14,367 



13 ,450 

13,450 

2,011,709 

35 

615 

XXX 
XXX 

1,462 
129,897 

1,882,427 
140.0 



22,365 

164.96 

83 



12,334 

720,118 

1,425 

1,601 

1,435 

2,508 

3,555 

1,411 

373 

26 

6,467 
194,859 

3,930 
82,884 

1,140 
15,750 

3,234 
67,134 

3,290 
105,829 

9,203 
461,453 

5,600 
216,036 

12,831 
101,248 

12,630 
997,861 

10,501 
516,724 

10,662 
567,282 



12,460 

713 

2,870 



3,784 

3,784 
491,765 

3,784 
287,850 

XXX 
XXX 

138 
6,389 

773,226 
204.3 



31,889 

150.00 

65 



3,764 

401,152 

240 

296 

205 

450 

1,089 

1,038 

389 

57 

1,954 
60,629 

920 
15,407 

338 

5,115 

689 

10,292 

818 

28,203 

2,636 

167,221 

1,598 
68,532 

3,611 
32,082 

3,774 
477,188 

2,931 
157,364 

2,956 
195,424 



3,457 
281 



4,582 


1,378 


1,713 


788 


2,869 


590 


8,478 


2,309 


57 


61 


1,011 


466 


2,306 


954 


3,307 


1,121 


3,373 


810 


3,130 


349 


248 


96 


374 


55 


412 


116 


508 


100 


2,647 


882 


1,936 


699 


6,959 


1,757 


1,852 


201 


412 


75 


602 


66 


3,690 


1,251 


6,894 


2,191 



302 

XXX 
XXX 
XXX 
XXX 

302 

138,299 

2 

1,152 

137,147 
454.1 



122,293 

301.02 

69 



257 
53,379 



10 
85 
55 
67 
25 

160 
16,486 

69 
4,155 

39 
1,740 

40 
2,415 

96 

7,092 

211 

26,581 

149 
16,339 

301 
13,115 

264 
74 ,020 

251 
39,917 

256 
33,673 



281 
20 



4,506 

30 

3,630 

4,506 

. 39,610 

XXX 
XXX 

55 
3,915 

689,325 
153.0 



23,467 

155.36 

74 



4,440 

346,593 

450 

456 

390 

695 

1,134 

1,035 

277 

3 

2,337 
67,416 

1,237 
26,767 

326 

5,510 

1,047 

21,257 

955 
19,870 
2,543 

140,410 

1,453 
53,819 

3,875 
34,450 

4,445 
440,776 

3,293 
141,105 

2,948 
160,280 



4,136 
335 



32 


1,441 


22 


931 


10 


510 


259 


2,915 


11 


275 


62 


1,070 


100 


1,181 


57 


997 


49 


617 


15 


271 


18 


385 


41 


344 


14 


502 


28 


445 


100 


1,328 


56 


601 


44 


831 


39 


612 




126 




185 


143 


1,321 


120 


2,262 



See footnotes at end of table. 



MARYLAND 

BY COLOR AND TENURE OF OPERATOR: CENSUS OF 1954 



111 



a sample of farms. See text} 
















All farm operators — Continued 




Tenure of operator 1 — Continued 




Item 


Tenants — Continued 






Share-cash 


Crop-share 


Livestock-share 


Croppers 


Other and 
unspecified 


Other farms 


FARMS, ACREAGE, AND VALUE 


156 

156 
30,785 

XXX 

XXX 

30,785 
197.3 

30,760 

166.53 

78 

73 

156 

19,460 

5 

10 

30 
16 
70 
25 

96 

1,737 

40 

315 

5 

100 

35 

215 

35 

1,165 

81 

3,321 

60 
3,800 

146 
987 

156 
21,512 

126 
6,702 

106 
4,486 

156 
15 

35 

15 

20 

111 

5 

75 
36 

20 
20 

10 
16 
10 
30 
55 
15 
20 

5 

5 
41 
105 


2,015 

15 

1,540 

2,015 

334,355 

XXX 

XXX 

25 
1,605 

334,290 
165.9 

23,034 

140.53 

74 

73 

2,010 
177,316 
100 
160 
150 
365 
516 
575 
143 
1 

1,203 
33,918 

690 
15,245 

190 

3,310 

585 

11,935 

450 

10,685 

1,290 

67,916 

510 
13,065 

1,810 
16,145 

2,010 
226,479 

1,583 
57,668 

1,445 
78,601 

1,850 

140 

120 

595 

435 

160 

1,345 

120 
467 
527 
456 
255 
150 

145 
126 
225 
175 
582 
315 
422 

175 

51 

85 

711 
993 


323 

5 

10 

323 

72,426 

XXX 

XXX 

10 
70 

72,366 
224.0 

37,617 
183.58 

67 

61 

313 
31,052 

10 

25 

35 

106 

110 
27 

267 
10,061 

100 
2,605 

30 

545 

80 

2,060 

105 

2,305 

233 

17,170 

151 
5,605 

318 
3,368 

318 
43,718 

312 
18,171 

283 
19,475 

308 
15 

10 

130 
95 
35 

183 

30 
96 
81 
51 

60 

5 

40 
26 
36 
5 
130 
30 
56 

10 

10 
136 

167 


925 

5 

345 

925 

83,179 

XXX 
XXX 

5 
345 

83,179 
89.9 

14,461 
165.76 

75 

73 

915 

31,322 

280 

196 

170 

105 

71 

75 

17 

1 

306 
7,150 

257 
5,547 

41 

485 

242 

5,062 

140 

2,160 

369 

25,308 

137 
4,214 

590 
7,478 

915 
44,019 

402 
13,524 

414 
27,468 

850 
75 

105 

371 
216 
155 
544 

60 
156 
267 
225 

136 
71 

80 
81 
86 
115 
280 
131 
137 

311 

40 

70 
188 
316 


391 

5 

1,735 

391 

54,712 

XXX 

XXX 

10 
1,885 

54,562 
139.5 

21,338 
139.66 

67 

73 

375 
26,135 

45 
60 
30 
55 
120 
40 
25 

170 
5,225 

55 
1,345 

20 
445 

45 
900 

85 

1,255 

260 

13,380 

150 
4,465 

336 
2,757 

375 
32,705 

265 
10,945 

285 
14,635 

336 
40 

50 

125 
60 
65 

246 

35 
61 
100 
95 
60 
20 

35 
30 
30 
25 
116 
45 
95 

71 
30 

5 

85 

200 


10,441 


acres. . 
Land rented from others by farm operators. .. .farms reporting.. 

acres. . 

acres. . 

Land rented to others by farm operators farms reporting.. 

acres. . 


9,630 

423,061 

1,366 

29,141 

35 

24,938 

992 

42,713 

434,427 




41.6 


Value of land and buildings: 


10,782 




273.70 




83 


Proportion of land in farms for which 


78 
6,952 


Ijmi in faras according to use: 


acres. . 


82,063 
4,131 




1,626 




625 




475 




85 








7 




3 
2,779 


acres. . 

Cropland not harvested and not pastured. . .farms reporting.. 

acres. . 
Cropland used only for crops not 

acres. . 

acres.. 

acres. . 


38,716 

3,337 

50,887 

582 
4,992 
2,996 

45,895 
1,569 

33,168 
4,664 


acres.. 
Other pasture (not cropland and not 

acres. . 
Other land (house lots, roads, 


145,908 

2,987 
44,460 

9,416 


acres. . 
acres. . 


39,225 

B,580 

171,666 

5,750 


acres. . 
acres. . 
FARM OPERATORS 

With other income of family exceeding 
value of agricultural products sold operators reporting.. 

Off- fara work: 


116,344 

5,715 

179,076 

9,829 
402 

7,856 

7,958 

831 


Bv age: 


7,127 
2,298 

105 

805 

2,315 






By year began operation of present farm: 


2,134 

355 
435 
620 




572 




2,666 


Faras by class of work power: 


1,429 

4,084 

5,138 


No tractor and 2 or more horses 


780 
615 




1,008 







112 



STATISTICS FOR THE STATE 



State Table 4.-FARMS AND FARM CHARACTERISTICS, 

[Data axe based on reports for only 



(For definitions and explanations, see text) 



All farm operators 



Total 

all 
farms 



Tenure of operator 1 



Full 
owners 



Part 
owners 



Forms number. . 

SPECIFIED FACILITIES AND EQUIPMENT 

Telephone farms reporting.. 

Electricity farms reporting.. 

Television set farms reporting.. 

Piped running water farms reporting.. 

Home freezer farms reporting.. 

i farms reporting. . 

r farms reporting.. 

farms reporting.. 

Grain combines farms reporting.. 

number. . 
Corn pickers farms reporting.. 

number. . 
Pick-up hay balers farms reporting.. 

number. . 
Field forage harvesters farms reporting.. 

number.. 

Motortrucks farms reporting.. 

number. . 

Tractors farms reporting. . 

number . . 
Wheel and/or crawler tractors other 

than garden farms reporting.. 

Wheel tractors other than garden farms reporting.. 

number . . 

Garden tractors farms reporting.. 

number . . 

Crawler tractors farms reporting.. 

number. . 

Automobiles farms reporting.. 

number. . 

: W 

Faailj and/or hired workers farms reporting.. 

persons.. 

Family workers, including operator farms reporting.. 

persons. . 

Operators working 1 or more hours persons.. 

Unpaid members of operator's family 

working 15 hours or more farms reporting., 

persons. . 

Hired workers farms reporting., 

persons., 
Regular workers ( to be employed 

150 days or more) farms reporting., 

persons., 
Seasonal workers ( to be employed 

less than 150 days) farms reporting., 

persons. , 
Regular hired workers and no 
seasonal hired workers farms reporting., 

Faras by kiad of workers: 

Both family workers and hired workers farms reporting. 

Family workers only farms reporting. 

Operators only farms reporting. 

Unpaid members of operator's 

family only farms reporting. 

Hired workers only farms reporting. 

SPECIFIED FARM EXPENDITURES IN 195*; 

Specified tarn expendi tures : farms reporting. 

Machine hire and/or hired labor farms reporting. 

dollars . 

Machine hire farms reporting. 

dollars. 

Hired labor farms reporting. 

dollars. 

Feed for livestock and poultry farms reporting. 

dollars . 

Gasoline and other petroleum fuel 
and oil farms reporting. 

dollars. 

Commercial fertilizer and fertilizing 

material faras reporting. 

dollars. 

tons. 

acres on which used. 

Lime and liming material farms reporting. 

dollars. 

tons. 

acres cti which used. 



See footnotes at end of table. 



32/83 



22,137 


10,116 


2,970 


30,160 


12,738 


3,658 


20,099 


8,544 


2,525 


23,903 


11,056 


3,112 


14/68 


6,880 


2,065 


553 


312 


144 


5,479 


3,085 


999 


6,375 


3,196 


1,288 




2,489 


1,474 


5,1 


2,542 


1,547 


5,004 


2,278 


1,360 


. 


2,312 


1,408 


. 


2,489 


1,183 


4,915 


2,501 


1,197 


1,639 


839 


414 


1,690 


856 


428 


, 


8,098 


2,957 


22,275 


, 


4,522 


23,327 


, 


3,473 


, 


19,317 


7,718 


, 


1 , 


3,442 


21,660 


10,524 


3,437 


, 


16,711 


7,056 


, 


2,066 


493 


. 


, 


494 




359 


124 


> 


429 


168 


. 


11,139 


3,286 


38,077 


16,786 


5,275 



29,262 

65,966 

28,559 

. 

10,717 
15,890 

8,683 
22,222 

5,534 
11,909 

4,466 

10,313 



7,980 
20,579 
12,979 

501 
703 



31,962 

21,964 
29,951,921 

16,202 
3,797,363 

16,540 
26,154,558 

25,732 
54,940,807 



24,253 



24,439 

264,630 

9,097 
1,849,989 

219,100 
230,677 



12,447 
30,018 

12,016 

19,293 

, 

5,103 
7,502 

4,536 

10,725 

2,987 
5,722 

2,255 
5.003 



4,105 
7,911 
4,483 

135 

431 



13,435 

10,692 

14,196,898 

7,876 

1,957,197 

8,460 

12,239,701 

11,166 
32,450,698 



11,456 
4,688,720 



11,483 
5,683,215 
116,675 
530,941 
4,774 
887,097 
107,861 
107,210 



3,648 
11,013 

3,585 
6,166 
3,508 

1,666 
2,658 

1,836 
4,847 

1,255 
2,566 

933 
2,281 



1,773 

1,812 

880 

20 
63 



3,784 

3,402 
7,457,813 

2,552 
840,455 

2,937 
6,617,358 

3,102 
9,502,648 



2,670,236 

3,649 

3,515,642 

72,338 

310,109 

1,785 

482,700 

52,778 

61 ,650 



241 


2,616 


287 


3,966 


198 


2,819 


28; 


2,741 


178 


1,895 


25 


36 


144 


866 


123 


1,609 


108 


1,237 


117 


1,274 


99 


1,174 


106 


1,197 


155 


946 


167 


946 


79 


279 


94 


279 


219 


2,459 


590 


3,098 


265 


3,618 


991 


6,646 


263 


3,583 


263 


3,573 


780 


6,081 


106 


458 


132 


j 473 


57 


86 


79 


92 


247 


3,610 


1,086 


4,931 



292 
2,579 

270 
331 
270 



220 
2,248 



199 

1,884 



364 
IX 



198 
72 
60 



302 

272 
3,204,720 

145 
62,910 

251 
3,141,810 

267 
4,118,265 



265 
406 ,846 



246 

577,233 
12,233 
42,301 
146 
79,999 
8,724 
10,051 



4,256 
10,043 

4,190 
6,793 

1,638 
2,673 

1,547 
3,250 

956 
1,392 

764 
1,858 



1,481 
2,709 
1,597 

45 



4,506 

3,763 
3,770,875 

2,627 
699,176 

3,078 
3,071,699 

3,223 

6,680,261 



3,904 
1,810,377 



4,159 
2,594,929 

53,004 
260,531 
1,339 
320,905 
39,178 
42,163 



MARYLAND 

BY COLOR AND TENURE OF OPERATOR: CENSUS OF 1954-Continued 

a sample of farms- See text] 



113 



Item 
(For definitions and explanations, see text) 



Far as nujnber. 

SPECIFIED FACILITIES AND EQUIPMENT 

Telephone farms reporting. 

Electricity farms reporting. 

Television set farms reporting. 

Piped running water farms reporting. 

Home freezer farms reporting. 

Electric pig brooder farms reporting. 

Power feed grinder farms reporting. 

Milking machine farms reporting. 

Grain combines farms reporting. 

number. 
Corn pickers farms reporting. 

number. 
Pick-up hay balers farms reporting. 

number. 
Field forage harvesters farms reporting. 

number. 

Motortrucks farms reporting. 

number. 

Tractors farms reporting. 

number. 
Wheel and/or crawler tractors other 

than garden farms reporting. 

Wheel tractors other than garden farms reporting. 

number. 

Garden tractors farms reporting . 

number. 

Crawler tractors farms reporting. 

number. 

Automobiles. farms reporting. 

number. 

FARM LABOR WEEK OF OCTOBER 24-30 

Family and/or hired workers farms reporting. 

persons. 

Family workers, including operator farms reporting. 

persons. 

Operators working 1 or more hours persons. 

Unpaid members of operator's family 

working 15 hours or more farms reporting. 

persons. 

Hired workers farms reporting. 

persons. 
Regular workers ( to be employed 

150 days or more) farms reporting. 

persons. 
Seasonal workers ( to be employed 

less than 150 days) ..farms reporting. 

persons. 
Regular hired workers and no 
seasonal hired workers farms reporting. 

Farms by kiod of workers: 

Both family workers and hired workers farms reporting. 

Family workers only farms reporting. 

Operators only farms reporting. 

Unpaid members of operator's 

family only farms reporting. 

Hired workers only farms reporting. 

SPECIFIED FARM EXPENDITURES IN 1954 

Specified farm expenditures' 1 farms reporting. 

Machine hire and/or nixed labor farms reporting. 

dollars. 

Machine hire farms reporting. 

dollars. 

Hired labor farms reporting. 

dollars. 

Feed for livestock and poultry farms reporting. 

dollars. 

Gasoline and other petroleum fuel 

and oil farms reporting. 

dollars. 

Commercial fertilizer and fertilizing 

material farms reporting . 

dollars. 

tons. 

acres on which used. 

Lime and liming material farms reporting. 

dollars. 

tons. 

acres on which used. 



All farm operators — Continued 



Tenure of operator 1 — Continued 



Tenants — Continued 



121 
151 
121 
141 



111 
141 

146 
322 

146 
146 
277 
40 
40 



131 
171 



146 
378 

136 
261 
121 

85 
140 

76 
117 

31 
37 

55 
80 



156 

151 
134,825 

101 
36,367 

126 
98,458 

141 
338 ,422 



151 
93 ,967 



146 

111,824 

2,334 

14,875 

75 

21,505 

2,900 

2,635 



Crop-share 



1,160 
1,800 
1,244 
1,175 

849 

5 

393 

681 

676 
702 
698 
715 
347 
347 
62 
62 

1,080 
1,331 

1,724 
2,998 

1,704 
1,694 
2,787 
171 
176 
35 
35 

1,634 
2,186 



1,945 
4,315 

1,930 
3,207 
1,895 

757 
1,312 

724 
1,108 

438 
541 

336 
567 



709 

1,221 

720 



2,015 

1,665 
1,295,150 

1,246 
326,270 

1,345 
968,880 

1,409 
2,589,390 



1,850 
832,380 



1,869 

1,227,963 

25,470 

137,052 

626 

149,370 

17,890 

19,995 



Livestock-share 



258 
308 
253 
273 

187 
11 
87 

206 

147 
152 
118 
123 
112 
112 
41 



233 
335 

303 
674 

303 
303 
622 

47 

47 

5 

5 

273 
433 



318 
828 

318 
528 
313 

160 
215 

138 
300 

103 
162 

67 
138 



138 
180 



323 

298 
355,071 

212 
71,106 

233 
283,965 

308 
893,435 

313 
198,360 



303 

249,045 

4,916 

24 ,722 

176 

44,250 

6,348 

. 



Croppers 



260 
680 
459 
275 



71 
92 

78 
79 
98 
99 
102 
102 
36 
36 

274 
326 

514 
835 

504 
504 
778 
25 
35 
16 
22 

665 

864 



805 
1,546 



800 
1,276 



276 
476 



138 
270 



63 
147 



123 
52 



133 
667 
416 



925 

718 
435,249 

378 
50,543 

588 
384,706 

464 

612,214 



629 
159,395 



855 

339,257 

6,300 

24,119 

146 

23,530 

1,805 

2,710 



Other and 
unspecified 



246 
336 
246 
261 

140 
15 
80 
90 

85 
90 
65 
65 
80 
80 
25 
25 

210 

280 

290 
540 

285 
285 
460 
60 
60 
20 
20 

316 
426 



356 
951 

351 
531 
346 

130 
185 

110 
420 

70 
115 

70 
305 



105 
246 
156 



391 

310 
438,755 

190 
47,115 

245 
391,640 

291 
387,110 

315 
139,620 



340 

179,470 

3,658 

18,430 

85 

24,610 

2,810 

2,815 



Other farms 



6,194 
9,511 
6,013 
6,709 

3,450 
36 
385 

159 

160 
173 
93 
93 
100 
104 
28 
33 

3,110 
3,599 

4,993 
6,001 

3,908 
3,863 
4,219 
1,597 
1,623 
118 
159 

7,871 
9,999 



8,619 
12,315 

8,498 
11,163 



2,266 
2,996 



544 
1,152 



137 
345 



428 
807 



423 
8,075 
5,959 

301 
121 



9,935 
3,835 

1,321,615 

3,002 

237,625 

1,814 

1,083,990 

7,974 
2,188,935 

5,039 
446,229 



4,902 

478,031 

10,380 

47,014 

1,053 
79,288 
10,559 

9,603 



114 



STATISTICS FOR THE STATE 



State Table 4-FARMS AND FARM CHARACTERISTICS. 

[Data are based on reports for only 



(For definitions and explanations, see text) 



All farm operators 



Total 

all 

farms 



Tenure of operator 1 



Full. 

owners 



Part 
owners 



Managers 



LIVESTOCK 

Livestock "ii baud: 

All cattle and calves farms reporting.. 

number. . 
Cows, including heifers that have 

calved farms reporting.. 

number. . 

Milk cows farms reporting.. 

number. . 

Horses and mules ...farms reporting.. 

number.. 

All hogs and pigs farms reporting.. 

number. . 

Chickens 4 months old and over farms reporting.. 

number. . 

Livestock and livestock products sold in 1954: 

Cattle and calves sold alive farms reporting.. 

number.. 

Hogs and pigs sold alive farms reporting.. 

number. . 

Chickens sold farms reporting.. 

dollars.. 

Chicken eggs sold farms reporting.. 

dozens.. 



Specified crops harvested io 1954: 

Corn for all purposes farms reporting.. 

acres. . 

Corn harvested for grain farms reporting.. 

acres. . 

bushels harvested.. 

bushels sold.. 

Wheat threshed or combined farms reporting . . 

acres. . 

bushels harvested.. 

bushels sold.. 

Tobacco harvested farms reporting. . 

acres. . 
pounds harvested.. 

Vegetables harvested for sale farms reporting.. 

dollars. . 

Hay cut acres. . 

tons 3 . . 



32,483 



21,782 
513,644 

19,793 
277,454 

17,362 
224,240 

10,274 
22,465 

16,362 

229,181 

22,685 

2,816,351 



16,413 
244,283 

8,098 

211,710 

9,112 
31,817,523 

11 ,907 
19,574,644 



22,458 
498,647 

21,423 
427,032 

18,088,417 
8,136,468 

10,446 

188,965 
4,785,806 
3,980,208 

5,601 

50,035 

40,576,175 

5,663 

11,606,390 

457,011 
574 ,443 



13,450 



9,890 
265 ,890 

9,168 

138,806 

7,976 

108,039 

4,704 
10,403 

6,937 
110,441 

9,360 

1,702,141 



8,521 
130,986 

4,017 
107,312 

5,142 
20,923,544 

5,815 
14 ,026 ,409 



10,387 
210,656 

9,824 

174,487 

7,615,633 

2,841,986 

5,434 
83,199 

2,158,990 
1,727,804 

2,440 

23,286 

19,119,730 

2,624 
3,423,217 

237,746 
302,290 



3,784 



2,945 
102,271 

2,812 

55,358 

2,534 

46,245 

1,392 
3,149 

2,233 

49,384 

2,563 

362,559 



2,474 
47,514 

1,487 
48,057 

1,207 
4,650,762 

1,523 
2,559,765 



3,367 
128,321 

3,248 
112,397 

4,776,847 
2,430,092 

1,716 

40,207 

1,041,448 

912,027 

636 

7,240 

5,725,465 

1,287 
4,565,653 

86,355 
114,855 



230 
22,385 

214 

11,030 

182 

6,482 

143 
1,209 

149 
7,765 

135 
34,000 



225 
12,224 



108 
,498 



111 
3,735,805 



89 
356,890 



235 
11 ,939 

198 

8,924 

468,028 

222,700 

134 

3,993 

106,164 

96,626 

28 

511 

416,500 

27 
1,085,728 

21,190 
24,860 



3,318 
92,881 

3,191 
58,311 

2,966 
53,958 

1,632 
3,223 

2,643 
36,130 

3,148 
277,737 



2,796 

43,507 

1,306 
33 ,945 



1,015 
2,267,702 



1,417 
1,302,425 



3,944 
121,358 

3,763 

107,067 

4,390,630 

2,424,100 

2,273 
56,402 

1,359,709 
1,180,220 

1,751 

17,290 

14,237,350 

765 
2,284,580 

81,595 

101 ,065 



610 
26,125 

595 
17,155 

545 
16,210 

175 
325 

320 
4,510 

465 
62,190 



585 
13,800 

190 
2,790 

215 
181,170 

265 
349 ,290 



615 
16,270 

505 

10,790 

470,955 

172 ,860 

375 

6,870 

181,335 

154,510 

15 

160 

140,000 

181 
1,170,315 

20,720 
30 ,740 



1 Data are given by tenure of operator for commercial farms only. 



2 Excludes farms reporting commercial fertili^r and lime. 



3 Excludes grass silage. 



MARYLAND 

BY COLOR AND TENURE OF OPERATOR: CENSUS OF 1954-Continued 

a sample of farms. See text]] 



115 



(For definitions and explanations, see text) 



All farm operators — Continued 



Tenure of operator 1 — Continued 



Tenants — Continued 



Crop-share 



Livestock-share 



Croppers 



Other and 
unspecified 



Farts number. . 

LIVESTOCK 

Livestock on haod: 

All cattle and calves fanes reporting.. 

number. . 
Cows, including heifers that have 

calved farms reporting. . 

number.. 

Milk cows farms reporting.. 

number.. 

Horses and mules farms reporting . . 

number.. 

All hogs and pigs farms reporting.. 

number . . 

Chickens 4 months old and over farms reporting.. 

number. . 

Livestock and livestock products sold in 1954: 

Cattle and calves sold alive farms reporting.. 

number. . 

Hogs and pigs sold alive farms reporting.. 

number.. 

Chickens sold farms reporting.. 

dollars.. 

Chicken eggs sold farms reporting.. 

dozens. . 

CROPS 
Specified crops harvested in 1954: 

Corn for all purposes farms reporting.. 

acres. . 

Corn harvested for grain farms reporting. . 

acres. . 

bushels harvested., 
bushels sold. . 

Wheat threshed or combined farms reporting. . 

acres. . 

bushels harvested.. 

bushels sold. . 

Tobacco harvested farms reporting.. 

acres. . 
pounds harvested.. 

Vegetables harvested for sale farms reporting.. 

dollars. . 

Hay cut acres . . 

tons 3 . • 



126 
4,712 

121 
2,926 

121 
2,921 



36 

1,203 



136 

13,795 



115 
2,370 

60 
1,500 

51 
114,158 

100 
43,915 



151 
6,722 

146 

5,702 

259,655 

158,145 

90 

2,465 

66,355 

58,070 

20 

135 

163,500 

31 
32,800 

3,860 
4,410 



1 


: 32 


34 


597 


1 


521 


21 


• 


1 


446 


20 


425 




847 


1 


646 


1 


,348 


19 


449 


1 


49? 


136 


172 


1 


322 


14 


799 




658 


16 


616 




482 


1,137 






710 


637 


33C 



1,905 
68,072 

1,865 

64,015 

2,644,565 

1,604,735 

1,239 

35,695 

834,355 

729,365 

790 

8,790 

7,150,535 

401 
568,860 

34,921 
38,263 



317 
13,314 

316 
8,426 

276 
7,563 

146 
305 

191 
4,393 

256 

19,095 



297 
5,658 



126 

6,978 



102 

356,005 



120 
91,575 



303 
12,457 

293 

10,600 

416,925 

208,080 

181 

4,511 

107,860 

90 ,995 

50 

663 

628,500 

56 
73,365 

9,373 
12,367 



423 
7,763 

403 
4,564 

358 
3,699 

298 
554 

493 
3,635 

564 
27,550 



282 
3,865 

152 
2,911 



112 
65,385 



660 
9,902 

649 

8,955 

316,275 

147,070 

238 
3,601 
87,229 
72,165 

751 

6,541 

5,301,315 

26 
174,830 

6,381 
8,015 



260 
6,370 

235 
3,635 

220 
3,140 

120 
275 

205 
2,940 

235 

18,935 



195 
3,015 

120 
3,150 

71 
82,260 

110 
115,230 



310 
7,935 

305 

7,005 

262,255 

133,210 

150 
3,260 
82,575 
75,115 

125 

1,001 

853,500 

70 
264,410 

6,340 
7,270 



10,441 



5,399 
30,217 

4,408 
13,949 
3,704 
9,516 

2,403 
4,481 

4,400 
25 ,461 

7,479 
439,914 



2,397 
10,052 

1,180 
13,898 

1,637 
239,710 

3,063 

1,329,155 



4,525 
26,373 

4,390 
24,157 
837,279 
217,590 



5,164 
119,495 
63,531 

746 

1,708 

1,077,130 

960 
247,212 

30,125 

31,373 



116 



STATISTICS FOR THE STATE 



State Table 4-FARMS AND FARM CHARACTERISTICS, 

[Data are based on reports for only 



(For definitions and explanations, see text) 



White operators 



Total 
all farms 
of white 
operators 



Tenure of operator 



Full 
owners 



Part 
owners 



FARMS, ACREAGE, AND VALUE 
Farss number. 

Land owned by farm operators farms reporting. 

acres. 
Land rented from others by farm operators.... farms reporting. 

acres. 
Land managed by farm operators farms reporting. 

acres. 
Land rented to others by farm operators farms reporting. 

acres. 

Land in fa ran acres . 

Average size of farm.. acres. 

Value of land and buildings: 

Average per farm dollars . 

Average per acre dollars. 

Proportion of farms reporting value percent. 

Proportion of land in farms for which 
value was reported percent. 

Laud io faras according to use: 

Cropland harvested farms reporting. 

acres. 

1 to 9 acres farms reporting. 

10 to 19 acres farms reporting. 

20 to 29 acres.......... farms reporting. 

30 to 49 acres farms reporting. 

50 to 99 acres farms reporting. 

100 to 199 acres farms reporting. 

200 to 499 acres farms reporting. 

500 acres and over farms reporting. 

Cropland used only for pasture.. ....farms reporting. 

acres. 

Cropland not harvested and not pastured... farms reporting. 

acres. 
Cropland used only for crops not 

harvested and not pastured farms reporting. 

acres. 

Cropland lying idle farms reporting. 

acres. 

Woodland pastured farms reporting. 

acres. 

Woodland not pastured farms reporting. 

acres. 
Other pasture (not cropland and not 

woodland) farms reporting. 

acres. 
Other land (house lots, roads, 

wasteland, etc.) farms reporting. 

acres. 

Cropland, total farms reporting., 

acres. 

Land pastured, total farms reporting., 

acres. 

Woodland, total farms reporting.. 

acres., 

FARM OPERATORS 

Residing on farm operated operators reporting., 

Not residing on farm operated operators reporting., 

With other income of family exceeding 
value of agricultural products sold operators reporting., 

Off-fara Bark) 

Working off their farms, total operators reporting., 

1 to 99 days operators reporting., 

100 days or more.... operators reporting., 

Not working off their farms operators reporting., 

By age: 

Under 25 years operators reporting., 

25 to 34 years operators reporting.. 

35 to 44 years operators reporting., 

45 to 54 years operators reporting., 

55 to 64 years operators reporting., 

65 years and over operators reporting.. 

By year began operation of present fara 

1954 operators reporting. . 

1953.. operators reporting., 

1952 operators reporting. . 

1951 operators reporting.. 

1946-1950 operators reporting. , 

1941-1945 operators reporting. . 

1940 or earlier operators reporting.. 

Faraa bv claas mt aarfc power: 

No traotor, horses, or muies.. farms reporting., 

No tractor and only 1 horae or mule farms reporting.. 

No tractor and 2 or more horses 

and/or mules ...............farms reporting.. 

Tractor and horses and/or mulas. farms reporting.. 

Tractor and no horses or mules farms reporting.. 



29,586 

24,959 

2,860,210 

8,360 

943,656 

331 

161,422 

2,514 

181,026 

3,784,262 
127.9 



21,494 

176.07 

79 



25,255 
1,561,132 
4,956 
3,404 
2,405 
3,918 
5,847 
3,509 
1,102 
114 

12,887 
368,771 

8,391 
166,163 

2,250 

31,257 

7,014 

134,906 

6,373 
187,712 
17,805 
897,443 

11,501 
393,256 

27,682 
209,785 

27,001 
2,096,066 

21,640 
949,739 

20,925 
1,085,155 



27,391 
1,666 



10,394 



13,626 
3,655 
9,971 

15,177 



479 
3,169 
6,260 
7,212 
6,595 
5,354 



977 
1,164 
1,553 
1,508 
6,787 
4,246 
12,640 



6,692 
1,068 

1,188 

6,857 

13,781 



12,895 

12,895 

1,972,629 

35 

615 

XXX 

XXX 

1,402 

128,187 

1,845,057 
143.1 



22,881 

165.04 

83 



11,809 

710,388 

1,205 

1,416 

1,400 

2,468 

3,515 

1,406 

373 

26 

6,237 
191,644 

3,705 
80,099 

1,100 
15,510 

3,024 
64,589 

3,140 
101,839 

8,848 
449,948 

5,540 

213,011 

L2.356 
98,128 

12,090 
982,131 

10,191 
506,494 

10,232 
551,787 



11,915 
703 



3,524 

3,524 

; 

3,524 

279,195 

XXX 

XXX 

138 
6,389 

756,821 
214.8 



33,565 

149.49 

65 



3,504 

391,367 

155 

231 

165 

430 

1,059 

1,028 

379 

57 

1,869 
59,784 

840 
14,662 

323 
4,840 

624 
9,822 

808 

28,028 

2,471 

163,596 

1,563 

68,097 

3,366 
31,287 

3,514 
465,813 

2,831 
155,909 

2,786 
191,624 



3,207 
276 



4,337 


1,263 


1,578 


723 


2,759 


540 


8,178 


2,169 


57 


61 


991 


431 


2,236 


914 


3,162 


1,026 


3,228 


770 


2,970 


299 


248 


81 


374 


45 


412 


116 


493 


90 


2,562 


782 


1,811 


654 


6,639 


1,677 


1,772 


136 


342 


50 


522 


41 


3,545 


1,141 


6,714 


2,156 



XXX 
XXX 
XXX 
XXX 

302 

138,299 

2 

1,152 

137,147 
454.1 



122,293 

301.02 
69 



257 
53,379 



10 
85 
55 
67 
25 

160 
16,486 

69 
4,155 

39 
1,740 

40 
2,415 

96 

7,092 

211 

26,581 

149 
16,339 

301 
13,115 

264 
74,020 

251 
39,917 

256 
33,673 



281 
20 



3,745 

30 

3,630 

3,745 

638,030 

XXX 
XXX 

55 
3,915 

637,745 
170.3 



26,441 

156.38 

73 



3,679 

330,255 

220 

256 

250 

550 

1,103 

1,020 

277 

3 

2,082 

63,321 

921 

20,650 

276 
4,630 

761 
16,020 

835 

18,015 

2,207 

122,260 

1,378 
52,064 

3,399 

31,180 

3,684 

414,226 
2,983 

133,400 
2,577 

140,275 



3,420 
300 



32 


1,066 


22 


656 


10 


410 


259 


2,539 


11 


265 


62 


975 


100 


935 


57 


747 


49 


527 


15 


221 


18 


330 


41 


294 


14 


426 


28 


380 


130 


1,028 


56 


501 


44 


741 


39 


357 




71 




85 


143 


1,151 


120 


2,081 



See footnotes at end of table. 



MARYLAND 

BY COLOR AND TENURE OF OPERATOR: CENSUS OF 1954-Continued 

a sample of farms. See text] 



117 



(For definitions and explanations, see text) 



White operators — Continued 



Tenure of operator 1 — Continued 



Tenants — Continued 



Crop-share 



Livestock-share 



Croppers 



Other and 
unspecified 



Other farms 



FARMS, ACREAGE, AND VALUE 
Farms number . 

Land owned by farm operators farms reporting. 

acres . 
Land rented from others by farm operators. .. .farms reporting. 

acres. 
Land managed by farm operators farms reporting. 

acres. 
Land rented to others by farm operators farms reporting. 

acres. 

Land in farms .acrrrs. 

Average size of farm acres. 

Value of land and buildings: 

Average per farm dollars . 

Average per acre dollars. 

Proportion of farms reporting value percent. 

Proportion of land in farms for which 
value was reported percent. 

I jiiil in farms arcnrdinc to use: 

Cropland harvested farms reporting. 

acres. 

1 to 9 acres farms reporting. 

10 to 19 acres farms reporting. 

20 to 29 acres farms reporting. 

30 to 49 acres farms reporting. 

50 to 99 acres farms reporting. 

100 to 199 acres farms reporting. 

200 to 499 acres farms reporting. 

500 acres and over farms reporting. 

Cropland used only for pasture farms reporting. 

acres. 

Cropland not harvested and not pastured. . .farms reporting. 

acres. 
Cropland used only for crops not 

harvested and not pastured farms reporting. 

acres. 

Cropland lying idle farms reporting. 

acres. 

Woodland pastured farms reporting. 

acres. 
Woodland not pastured farms reporting. 

acres. 
Other pasture (not cropland and not 
woodland) farms reporting. 

acres. 
Other land (house lots, roads, 
wasteland, etc.) farms reporting. 

acres. 
Cropland, total farms reporting. 

acres. 
Land pastured, total farms reporting. 

acres. 
Woodland, total farms reporting. 

acres. 

FARM OPERATORS 

Residing on farm operated operators reporting. 

Hot residing on farm operated operators reporting. 

With other income of family exceeding 
value of agricultural products sold operators reporting. 

Off- farm work: 

Working off their farms, total operators reporting. 

1 to 99 days operators reporting. 

100 days or more operators reporting. 

Not working off their farms operators reporting. 

By aee: 

Under 25 years operators reporting. 

25 to 34 years operators reporting. 

35 to 44 years operators reporting. 

45 to 54 years operators reporting. 

55 to 64 years operators reporting. 

65 years and over operators reporting. 

My year I operation of present farm: 

1954 operators reporting. 

1953 operators reporting. 

1952 operators reporting. 

1951 operators reporting. 

1946-1950 operators reporting. 

1941-1945 operators reporting. 

1940 or earlier operators reporting. 

Farms by elasa of work power: 

No tractor, horses, or mules farms reporting. 

No tractor and only 1 horse or mule farms reporting. 

No tractor and 2 or more horses 

and/or mules... farms reporting. 

Tractor and horses and/or mules farms reporting. 

Tractor and no horses or mules farms reporting. 



151 
30,735 



30,735 
203.5 



32,000 

166.46 

77 



151 
19,430 



1,737 

40 
315 



5 

100 

35 

215 

35 
1,165 

76 
3,306 

60 



141 
982 

151 
21,432 

126 
6,702 

101 
4,471 



35 
15 
20 

106 



41 
105 



1,740 

15 
1,540 

1,740 
309,390 

XXX 

XXX 

25 
1,605 

309,325 
177.8 



24,860 

140.60 

73 



1,735 

169,751 

55 

100 

85 

290 

491 

570 

143 

1 

1,068 
31,588 

515 
12,565 

160 
2,785 

430 
9,780 

385 
9,425 
1,120 
59,266 

475 
12,210 

1,585 
14, 520 

1,735 
213,904 

1,418 
53,223 

1,265 
68,691 



1,595 
125 



455 
335 
120 

1,220 



115 
452 
432 
356 
240 
115 



125 
121 
195 
145 
467 
285 
337 



125 
41 

35 
611 
928 



308 

5 

10 

308 

68,301 

XXX 
XXX 

10 
70 

68,241 
221.6 



37,797 

184.89 

69 



298 

30,037 

io 

25 

25 
106 
105 

27 

252 
9,811 

35 
2,290 

30 

545 

65 

1,745 

105 

2,305 

218 

15,045 

136 
5,445 

303 
3,308 

303 
42,138 

297 
17,561 

268 
17,350 



293 
15 



35 
183 



40 
26 
36 

5 

120 

30 

51 



10 
126 
162 



499 

5 

345 

499 

65,084 

XXX 
XXX 

5 
345 

65,084 
130.4 



20,266 

164.78 

73 



439 
24,429 

115 
66 

100 
55 
65 
70 
17 
1 

221 
5,985 

146 
2,780 

26 

205 

136 

2,575 

95 

1,715 

243 

20,493 

112 
3,674 

384 
6,008 

489 
33,194 

292 
11,374 

268 
22,208 



444 
55 



171 

71 

100 

318 



55 
81 
121 
105 
81 
56 



50 
46 
45 
80 
120 
66 
92 



126 
5 

25 

128 
215 



356 

5 

1,735 

356 

52,602 

XXX 
XXX 

10 
1,885 

52,452 
147.3 



23,385 

140.99 

66 



340 
25,505 
30 
50 
25 
50 
120 
40 
25 

155 
4,950 

45 
1,110 

15 
370 

40 
740 

80 

1,155 

245 

12,585 

150 
4,465 

316 
2,632 

340 
31,565 

250 
10,570 

265 
13,740 



306 
40 



110 
50 
60 

226 



30 
20 
25 
25 
106 
40 
95 



51 
20 

5 

85 

195 



9,120 

8,510 

399,936 

1,056 

25,816 

29 

23,123 

917 

41,383 

407,492 
44.7 



11,252 
266.57 

82 



6,006 

75,743 

3,376 

1,486 

590 

460 

85 

6 
3 

2,539 
37,536 

2,856 
46, 597 

512 
4,537 
2,565 

42,060 

1,494 

32,738 

4,068 

135,058 

2,871 
43,745 

8,260 
36,075 

7,449 
159,376 

5,384 
114,019 

5,074 
167,796 



8,568 
367 



6,928 

676 

6,252 

2,032 



85 
710 
2,075 
2,220 
2,021 
1,849 



300 

410 

585 

512 

2,315 

1,224 

3,539 



4,388 
605 

540 

877 
2,710 



118 



STATISTICS FOR THE STATE 



State Table 4.-FARMS AND FARM CHARACTERISTICS, 

[Data are based on reports for only 



(For definitions and explanations, see text) 



White operators 



Total 
all farms 
of white 
operators 



Tenure of operator 1 



Full 
owners 



Part 
owners 



Faras number. 

SPECIFIED FACILITIES AND EQUIPMENT 

Telephone farms reporting. 

Electricity farms reporting. 

Television set farms reporting. 

Piped running water farms reporting. 

Home freezer farms reporting. 

Electric pig brooder farms reporting. 

Power feed grinder. farms reporting. 

Milking machine farms reporting. 

Grain combines farms reporting. 

number. 
Corn pickers farms reporting. 

number. 
Pick-up hay balers farms reporting. 

number. 
Field forage harvesters farms reporting. 

number . 

Motortrucks farms reporting. 

number . 

Tractor* farms reporting. 

number. 
Wheel and/or crawler tractors other 

than garden farms reporting.. 

Wheel tractors other than garden farms reporting.. 

number. 

Garden tractors farms reporting. 

number.. 

Crawler tractors farms reporting. 

number. . 

Autoaobiles farms reporting., 

number. 

FARM LABOR WEEK OF OCTOBER 24-30 

Faaily and/or hired vorkers farms reporting. 

persons. 

Faaily workers, including operator farms reporting. 

persons. 

Operators working 1 or more hours persons. 

Unpaid members of operator's family 

working 15 hours or more farms reporting. 

persons. 

Hired workers farms reporting. 

persons. 
Regular workers ( to be employed 

130 days or more) .....farms reporting. 

persons. 
Seasonal workers ( to be employed 

less than 130 days) farms reporting. 

persona. 
Regular hired workers and no 
seasonal hired workers farms reporting. 

Fans by kind of workers: 

Both family workers and hired workers farms reporting. 

Family workers only farms reporting. 

Operators only farms reporting. 

Unpaid members of operator ' s 

family only farms reporting. 

Hired workers only farms reporting. 

SPECIFIED FARM EXPENDITURES IN 1954 

Specified fara expenditures 2 farms reporting. 

Machine hire and/or hired labor farms reporting. 

dollars . 

Machine hire farms reporting. 

dollars . 

Hired labor farms reporting. 

dollars. 

Feed for livestock and poultry farms reporting. 

dollars . 

Gasoline and other petroleum fuel 

and oil farms reporting. 

dollars. 

Commercial fertilizer and fertilizing 

material farms reporting. 

dollars. 

tons. 

acres on which used. 

Lime and liming material farms reporting. 

dollars. 

tons. 

acres on which used. 



29,536 



21,265 
28,178 
19,077 
23,381 

14,087 

553 

5,418 

6,339 

5,376 
5,561 
4,962 
5,074 
4,842 
4,884 
1,639 
1,690 

16,136 
21,477 

22,125 
39,227 

20,638 
20,523 
33,491 
4,645 
4,324 
729 
912 

24,282 
35,896 



26,730 
61,900 

26,027 
40,088 
25,354 

10,006 
14,734 

8,468 
21,812 

5,474 
11,839 

4,296 
9,973 



7,765 
18,262 
11,308 

471 
703 



29,120 

20,259 
29,515,626 

15,142 
3,707,188 

15,320 
25,808,433 

23,886 
54,174,887 



22,666 
9,786,743 



22,267 

12,473,625 

257,189 

1,162,920 

8,747 

1,823,939 

216,180 

2. " , •!' 



9,881 
12,338 

3,304 
10,896 

6,780 

312 

3,070 

3,176 

2,469 
2,522 
2,263 
2,297 
2,474 
2,436 
839 
856 

7,393 
10,201 

10,648 
18,932 

10,259 

10,204 

16,351 

2,051 

2,162 

349 

419 

10,799 
16,391 



11,962 
29,123 

11,531 
18,528 
11,306 

4,908 
7,222 

4,461 
10,595 

2,957 
5,682 

2,210 
4,913 

2,251 



4,030 
7,501 
4,243 

135 
431 



12,830 

10,277 

14,058,903 

7,626 

1,934,027 

8,140 

12,124,876 

10,781 
31,892,048 



11,066 
,597 740 



10,983 
5,581,440 
114,745 
523,676 
4,639 
877,767 
106,826 
105,890 



3,524 



2,895 
3,463 
2,440 
3,077 

2,035 
144 
974 

1,283 

1,444 
1,517 
1,340 
1,388 
1,183 
1,197 
414 
428 

2,347 
4,387 

3,323 
7,518 

3,297 
3,292 
6,861 
438 
489 
124 
168 

3,091 
5,070. 



3,413 
10,613 

3,350 
5,326 
3,273 

1,591 
2,553 

1,791 
4,787 

1,235 
2,546 

898 
2,241 



1,728 

1,622 

745 

20 
63 



3,524 

3,182 
7,333,328 

2,382 
814,395 

2,752 
6,518,933 

2,922 
9,444,673 



3,404 
2,621,086 



3,404 

,453,707 

70,970 

304, 524 

1,760 

481,395 

52,618 

61,475 



241 
287 
198 
285 

178 
25 
144 
123 

108 

117 

99 

106 

155 

167 

79 

94 

219 
590 

265 

991 

263 
263 

780 
106 

132 
57 

79 

247 
1,086 



292 
2,579 

270 
331 
270 



£ 



220 
2,243 



199 
1,884 



86 
364 



198 
72 
60 





302 




272 


3 


204,720 




145 




62,910 




251 


3 


141, 310 




267 


4 


113,265 




265 




406,846 




246 




577,233 




12,233 




42,301 




146 




79,999 




8,724 




10,051 



3,745 



2,525 
3,520 
2,568 
2,660 

1,805 

36 

851 

1,599 

1,206 

1,243 

1,168 

1,191 

931 

931 

279 

279 

2,343 
2,976 

3,262 
6,179 

3,232 

3,222 

5,619 

453 

468 

86 
92 

3.079 
4,280 



3,555 
8,676 

3,489 
5,606 
3,424 

1,392 

2,182 

1,477 
3,070 

946 
1,382 

699 
1,688 



1,411 
2,078 
1,192 



3,745 

3,183 
3,637,060 

2,317 
674,056 

2,623 
2,963,004 

2,898 
6,634,466 



3,373 
1,744,617 



3,448 
2,433,129 
49,868 
249,497 
1,224 
307,500 
37,888 
40,263 



See footnotes at end of table. 



MARYLAND 

BY COLOR AND TENURE OF OPERATOR: CENSUS OF 1954-Continued 

a sample of farms. See text]] 



119 



(For definitions and explanations, see text) 



White operators — Continued 



Tenure of operator 1 — Continued 



Tenants — Continued 



Crop-share 



Livestock-share 



Croppers 



Other and 
unspecified 



Other farms 



hns number. 

SPECIFIED FACILITIES AND EQUIPMENT 

Telephone farms reporting. 

Electricity • farms reporting. 

Television set farms reporting. 

Piped running water farms reporting. 

Home freezer farms reporting. 

Electric pig brooder farms reporting. 

Power feed grinder farms reporting. 

Milking machine farms reporting. 

Grain combines farms reporting. 

number. 
Corn pickers farms reporting. 

number. 
Pick-up hay balers farms reporting. 

number. 
Field forage harvesters farms reporting. 

number . 

Motortrucks farms reporting. 

number. 

Tractors farms reporting. 

number. 
Wheel and/or crawler tractors other 

than garden farms reporting. 

Wheel tractors other than garden farms reporting. 

number. 

Garden tractors farms reporting. 

number. 

Crawler tractors farms reporting. 

number. 

Autoaobiles farms reporting. 

number. 

FARM LABOR WEEK OF OCTOBER 24-30 

Family and/or hired workers.......... .farms reporting. 

persons. 

Fuily workers, Including operator farms reporting. 

persons. 

Operators working 1 or more hours persons . 

Unpaid members of operator's family 

working 15 hours or more farms reporting. 

persons. 

Hired workers farms reporting. 

persons. 
Regular workers ( to be employed 

150 days or more) farms reporting. 

persons. 
Seasonal workers ( to be employed 

less than 150 days) farms reporting. 

persons . 
Regular hired workers and no 
seasonal hired workers farms reporting. 

Faros by kind of workers: 

Both family workers and hired workers..... farms reporting. 

Family workers only farms reporting. 

Operators only farms reporting. 

Unpaid members of operator ' s 

family only farms reporting. 

Hired workers only farms reporting. 

SPECIFIED FARM EXPENDITURES IN 1954 

Specified farm expenditures 2 farms reporting. 

Machine hire and/or hired labor farms reporting. 

dollars. 

Machine hire farms reporting. 

dollars. 

Hired labor farms reporting. 

dollars. 

Feed for livestock and poultry farms reporting. 

dollars. 

Gasoline and other petroleum fuel 

and oil farms reporting. 

dollars. 

Commercial fertilizer and fertilizing 

material farms reporting. 

dollars. 

tons. 

acres on which used. 

Lime and liming material farms reporting. 

dollars. 

tons. 

acres on which used. 



121 
151 
121 
141 



35 
95 

71 
71 
65 
65 
35 
35 
35 
35 

111 
141 

146 
322 

146 

146 

277 

40 

40 

5 

5 

131 
171 



141 
373 

131 
256 
116 

85 
140 

76 
117 

31 
37 

55 
80 



151 

146 
133,650 

101 
36,367 

121 
97,283 

136 
337,972 



151 
93,967 



141 

111,564 
2,329 
14,845 
75 
21,505 
2,900 
2,635 



1,115 
1,615 
1,144 
1,135 

804 

5 

338 

681 

661 
687 
698 
715 
342 
342 
62 
62 

1,020 
1,266 

1,554 

2,788 

1,539 

1,529 

2,582 

166 

171 

35 

35 

1,444 
1,971 



1,670 
3,785 

1,655 
2,742 
1,620 

672 
1,122 

694 
1,043 

438 

541 

306 
502 



679 
976 
545 

15 
15 



1,740 

1,465 
1,254,230 

1,121 
316,860 

1,200 
937,370 

1,274 
2,579,080 



1,625 



1,619 

1,165,663 

24,266 

132,197 

581 

144,355 

17,255 

19,020 



253 
293 
253 
258 

177 
11 
87 

201 

142 
147 
113 
118 
107 
107 
41 
41 

228 
330 

288 
644 

288 
288 
592 

47 
47 

5 
5 

258 
393 



303 
748 

303 
513 
298 

160 
215 

123 
235 



123 

180 

80 



308 

283 
346,571 

212 
71,106 

218 
275,465 

293 
384,185 

298 
193,860 



238 

241,515 

4,788 

24,047 

171 

42,400 

6,263 

4,965 



229 
454 
318 
249 

172 

5 

66 

87 

72 
73 
97 
98 
97 
97 
36 
36 

228 
279 

353 
623 

343 
343 
566 
25 
35 
16 
22 

364 

503 



434 
849 

429 
624 
429 

130 
195 

118 
225 

63 

147 

66 
78 



113 
316 
206 



499 
393 

ft- ." ■. 

213 
36,108 

333 
324, 596 

309 
587,329 

363 

130,895 



454 
256,647 
4,661 
19,190 
81 
16,990 
1,235 
1,910 



241 
321 
241 
261 

140 

15 



85 
90 
65 
65 
80 
80 
25 
25 

210 

280 

285 
535 

280 
280 
455 
60 
60 
20 
20 

296 
406 



326 
906 

321 
486 
321 

115 
165 

110 
420 

70 
115 

70 
305 



105 
216 
141 



356 

280 
433,080 

170 
45,340 

215 
> '".■■• 

276 
386,210 



295 
137,145 



305 

172,270 

3,530 

18,090 

85 

24,610 

2,810 

2,815 



120 



STATISTICS FOR THE STATE 



State Table 4-FARMS AND FARM CHARACTERISTICS, 

[Data are based on reports for only 



(For definitions and explanations, see text) 



White operators 



Total 
all farms 
of white 
operators 



Tenure of operator 1 



Full 
owners 



Part 
owners 



Fans number.. 

LIVESTOCK 

Livestock on hand: 

All cattle and calves farms reporting.. 

number. . 
Cows, including heifers that have 

calved farms reporting.. 

number. * 

Milk cows farms reporting . . 

number. . 

Horses and mules farms reporting. . 

number. . 

All hogs and pigs farms reporting . . 

number. . 

Chickens 4 months old and over farms reporting.. 

number. . 

Livestock aod livestock products sold in 1954: 

Cattle and calves sold alive farms reporting.. 

number. . 

Hogs and pigs sold alive farms reporting.. 

number. . 

Chickens sold farms reporting.. 

dollars.. 

Chicken eggs sold farms reporting . . 

dozens. . 



Specified crops harvested in 1954: 

Corn for all purposes farms reporting. . 

acres. . 

Corn harvested for grain farms reporting. . 

acres. . 

bushels harvested., 
bushels sold. . 

Wheat threshed or combined farms reporting.. 

acres. . 

bushels harvested.. 

bushels sold. . 

Tobacco harvested farms reporting-. 

acres. . 
pounds harvested.. 

Vegetables harvested for sale farms reporting.. 

dollars. . 



.acres. . 
tons 3 . . 



20,791 
507,978 

18,882 
273,847 

16,586 
221,388 

9,113 
20,424 

14,490 
218,938 

20,608 
2,735,660 



16,017 
241,912 



7,692 

207, 306 



8,812 
31,413,788 



11,491 

19,490,124 



20,711 
483,494 

19,682 

412,097 

17,641,067 

7,965,138 

10,150 

185,765 

4,724,876 

3,933,745 

4,040 

39,811 

32,813,705 

5,217 
11,272,290 

452,812 
569,648 



9,645 

263,900 

8,933 
137,586 

7,781 
106,969 

4,409 
9,803 

6,527 

108,091 

9,000 
1,687,711 



8,401 
129,876 



3,907 
105,942 



5,047 
20,530,519 



5,745 

14,010,709 



9,967 
207,121 

9,404 

171,057 

7,499,693 

2,797,251 

5,389 

82,754 

2,150,865 

1,721,804 

2,120 

21,772 

17,984,220 

2,494 
3,285,122 

236,621 
301,035 



2,830 
101,546 

2,702 
54,838 

2,429 
45,750 

1,232 
2,869 

2,058 
48,154 

2,363 
351,519 



2,414 
47,139 



1,427 

47,472 



1,157 
,647,297 



1,4-48 

,538,215 



3,177 
125,446 

3,058 

109,522 

4,675,637 

2,383,732 

1,641 

38,947 

1,017,638 

891,717 

486 

5,939 

4,857,665 

1,207 
4,461,743 

85,455 

113,740 



230 
22,385 

214 

11,030 

182 

6,482 

143 
1,209 

149 
7,765 

135 
34,000 



225 
12,224 



108 
8,498 



111 
3,735,805 



89 
356,890 



235 
11,939 

198 

8,924 

468,028 

222,700 

134 

3,993 

106,164 

96,626 

28 

511 

416,500 

27 
1,085,728 

21,190 

24,860 



3,745 



3,028 

90,871 

2,911 
56,946 

2,716 
53,068 

1,307 
2,588 

2,192 
33,661 

2,647 
261,492 



2,656 
42,762 



1,211 
32,465 



985 
2,266,907 



1,357 

1,294,915 



3,368 
115,600 

3,193 

101,367 

4,227,095 

2,359,010 

2,133 

55,157 

1,336,959 

1,165,170 

1,040 

10,596 

8,964,245 

735 
2,253,410 

79,984 

99,750 



605 

26,100 

590 
17,135 

540 
16,190 

175 
325 

315 
4,425 

460 
62,120 



580 
13,765 



185 
2,715 



215 

181,170 



265 

349,290 



610 

16,180 

500 

10,700 

470,105 

172,860 

370 

6,815 

180,210 

153,495 

10 

110 

100,000 

181 
1,170,315 

20,665 

30,680 



l Data are given by tenure of operator for commercial farms only. 'Excludes farms reporting commercial fertilizer and lim 



Excludes grass silage. 



MARYLAND 

BY COLOR AND TENURE OF OPERATOR. CENSUS OF 1954-Continued 

a sample of farms. See text] 



121 



(For definitions and explanations, see text) 



White operators.— Continued 



Tenure of operator 1 — Continued 



Tenants — Continued 



Crop-share 



Livestock-share 



Croppers 



Other and 
unspecified 



Other farms 



Farns .number. . 

LIVESTOCK 

Livestock on band: 

All cattle and calves farms reporting.. 

number.. 
Cows, including heifers that have 

calved. farms reporting. . 

number. . 

Milk cows farms reporting.. 

number. . 

Horses and mules farms reporting.. 

number. . 

All hogs and pigs farms reporting . . 

number. . 

Chickens 4 months old and over farms reporting.. 

number. . 

Livestock and livestock products sold in 1954: 

Cattle and calves sold alive farms reporting.. 

number. . 

Hogs and pigs sold alive farms reporting.. 

number. . 

Chickens sold farms reporting.. 

dollars.. 

Chicken eggs sold farms reporting. . 

dozens.. 1 

CROPS 

Specified crocs harvested in 1954: 

Corn for all purooses farms reporting.. 

acres. . 

Corn harvested for grain farms reporting. . 

acres. . 

bushels harvested.. 

bushels sold.. 

Wheat threshed or combined farms reporting.. 

acres . . 

bushels harvested.. 

bushels sold.. 

Tobacco harvested farms reporting.. 

acres . . 
pounds harvested.. 

Vegetables harvested for sale farms reporting.. 

dollars . . 

Hay cut acres . . 

tons 3 . . 



126 
4,712 

121 
2,926 

121 
2,921 

41 
106 

81 
1,1A3 

131 

13,670 



115 
2,370 



55 
1,430 



51 

114,158 



100 
43,915 



151 
6,722 

146 

5,702 

259,655 

153,145 

90 
2,465 

66,355 
53,070 

15 

105 

103,500 

31 
32,800 

3,860 
4,410 



1,432 
33,627 

1,331 

20,965 
1,316 
19,990 

637 
1,313 

1,168 
18,454 

1,292 
128,937 



1,252 
14,454 



648 
16,526 



472 

1,136,525 



680 

632,630 



1,660 
65,147 

1,620 

61,090 
2,570,705 
1,573,935 

1,174 

35,070 

823,045 

721,080 

555 
6,206 

5,167,080 

371 
537,690 



34,276 

37,783 



302 

12,874 

301 
8,161 

271 
7,418 

136 
285 

176 
4,323 

241 
18,470 



282 
5,523 

111 
6,388 

102 
356,005 

110 
90,015 



238 
12,082 

278 

10,225 

406,175 

208,080 

181 

4,511 

107,860 

90,995 

40 

553 

538,500 

56 
73,365 

9,143 

12,167 



313 


7,293 


293 


4,219 


258 


3,429 


158 


294 


257 


2,491 


313 


20,580 


237 


3,640 


97 


2,291 


74 


396,789 


97 


64,085 



379 

7,704 

374 

6,815 

244,145 

113,780 

173 
3,061 
77,414 
66,665 

330 

2,893 

2,428,665 

26 
174,830 

5,810 
7,550 



250 


6,265 


225 


3,540 


210 


3,120 


110 


265 


195 


2,825 


210 


17,715 


190 


3,010 


115 


3,065 


71 


82,260 



230 
7,765 

275 

6,835 

276,310 

132,210 

145 
3,235 
82,075 
74,865 

90 

729 

626,500 

70 
264,410 

6,230 
7,160 



5,058 
29,276 

4,122 
13,447 
3,478 
9,119 

2,022 
3,955 

3,564 
21,267 

6,463 

400,938 



2,321 
9,911 

1,039 
12,929 

1,512 

233,260 

2,852 
1,289,395 



3,964 
23,388 

3,829 

21,227 

770,614 

202,445 

853 

4,914 

113,250 

58,428 

366 

993 

591,075 

754 
186,287 

29,562 
30,263 



122 



STATISTICS FOR THE STATE 



State Table 4-FARMS AND FARM CHARACTERISTICS, 

[Data are based on reports for only 



(For definitions and explanations, see text) 



Nonwhite operators 



Total 

all farms 

of nonwhite 

operators 



Tenure of operator 1 



Full 
owners 



Part 
owners 



Managers 



FARMS, ACREAGE, AND VALUE 
Fans number.. 

Land owned by farm operators... ..farms reporting. 

acres. 
Land rented from others by farm operators. .. .farms reporting. 

acres. 
Land managed by farm operators farms reporting.. 

acres. 
Land rented to others by farm operators farms reporting.. 

acres. 

Land in fana acres. 

Average size of farm acres. 

Value of land and buildings: 

Average per farm dollars. 

Average per acre dollars. 

Proportion of farms reporting value percent. 

Proportion of land in farms for which 
value was reported percent. 

Land in fans according to use: 

Cropland harvested farms reporting. 

acres.. 

1 to 9 acres farms reporting. 

10 to 19 acres farms reporting. 

20 to 29 acres.. farms reporting. 

30 to 49 acres farms reporting. 

50 to 99 acres farms reporting. 

100 to 199 acres farms reporting. 

200 to 499 acres farms reporting. 

500 acres and over farms reporting. 

Cropland used only for pasture farms reporting.. 

acres. 

Cropland not harvested and not pas tured...f amis reporting. 

acres. 
Cropland used only for crops not 

harvested and not pastured farms reporting. 

acres. 

Cropland lying idle farms reporting. 

acres. 

Woodland pastured farms reporting. 

acres. 
Woodland not pastured farms reporting. 

acres. 
Other pasture ( not cropland and not 
woodland) farms reporting. 

acres. 
Other land (house lots, roads, 
wasteland, etc.) .farms reporting. 

acres. 

Cropland, total farms reporting. 

acres. 
Land pastured, total farms reporting. 

acres. 
Woodland, total farms reporting. 

acres. 

FARM OPERATORS 

Residing on farm operated operators reporting. 

Not residing on farm operated operators reporting. 

With other income of family exceeding 
value of agricultural products sold operators reporting. 

Off- fan work: 

Working off their farms, total operators reporting. 

1 to 99 days operators reporting. 

100 days or more. ......operators reporting. 

Not working off their farms operators reporting. 

By M^- 
Under 25 years. operators reporting. 

25 to 34 years operators reporting. 

35 to 44 years operators reporting. 

45 to 54 years operators reporting. 

55 to 64 years operators reporting . 

65 years and river operators reporting. 

By year began operation of present fan: 

1954 operators reporting ■ 

1953 operators reporting. 

1952 operators reporting. 

1951 operators reporting. 

1946-1950 operators reporting. 

1941-1945 operators reporting. 

1940 or earlier operators reporting. 

Fans bv class «f *orc power: 

No tracxor, horses, or rauj.es farms reporting. 

No tractor and only 1 horse or mule farms reporting. 

No tractor and 2 or more horses 

and/or mules farms reporting. 

Tractor and horses and/or mules. farms reporting. 

Tractor and no horses or mules .farms reporting. 



2,897 



1 


935 


69 


955 


1 


331 


63 


51 




6 


1 


815 




135 


3 


040 


132 


. ' 


45.7 


8 


78a 


203.86 




81 



2,492 

42,173 

1,290 

590 

250 

220 

101 

30 

11 

810 
9,335 

1,102 

13,937 

175 

1,850 

992 

12,087 

355 

6,450 

1,452 

44,130 

286 
5,930 

2,352 
10,335 

2,692 

65,445 
1,086 

21,715 
1,612 

50,580 



2,772 
85 



1,195 



1,765 
630 

1,135 
1,082 



30 
245 
596 
870 
550 
545 



125 

85 
111 
145 
836 
475 
1,035 



,150 
325 

280 
556 
586 



555 


260 


39,080 


7,750 




260 




8,655 


XXX 


XXX 


XXX 


XXX 


60 




1,710 




37,370 


16,405 


67.3 


63.1 


10,187 


10,098 


160 .86 


175.75 


82 


67 



525 


260 


9,730 


9,785 


220 


85 


185 


65 


35 


40 


40 


20 


40 


30 


5 


10 




10 


230 


85 


3,215 


845 


225 


80 


2,785 


745 


40 


15 


240 


275 


210 


65 


2,545 


470 


150 


10 


3,990 


175 


355 


165 


11,505 


3,625 


60 


35 


3,025 


435 


475 


245 


3,120 


795 


540 


260 


15,730 


11,375 


310 


100 


10,230 


1,455 


430 


170 


15,495 


3,800 


545 


250 


10 


5 



245 
135 
110 
300 



20 
70 
145 
145 
16C 



10 

85 

125 

320 



80 
70 

80 
145 

180 



115 
65 
50 

140 



15 
10 

10 
100 
45 
80 



65 
25 

25 
110 
35 



XXX 
XXX 

XXX 
XXX 



761 
51,580 

XXX 
XXX 



51,580 
67.8 



9,509 

143.22 

77 



761 

16,338 

230 

200 

140 
145 
31 
15 



255 
4,095 

316 
6,117 

50 

880 

286 

5,237 

120 

1,855 

336 

18,150 

75 
1,755 

476 
3,270 

761 
26,550 

310 
7,705 

371 
20,005 



716 

35 



375 
275 
100 
376 



10 

95 

246 

250 
90 
50 



55 

50 
76 
65 
300 

100 



255 

55 

100 
170 
181 



See footnotes at end of table. 



MARYLAND 

BY COLOR AND TENURE OF OPERATOR: CENSUS OF 1954-Continued 

a sample of farms. See text] 



123 



Item 
(For definitions and explanations, see text) 



Nonwhite operators — Continued 



Tenure of operator 1 — Continued 



Tenants — Continued 



Share-cash 



Crop-share 



Live stock- share 



Croppers 



Other and 
unspecified 



FARMS, ACREAGE, AND VALUE 
Fans number. 

Land owned by farm operators farms reporting.. 

acres. . 
Land rented from others by farm operators. .. .farms reporting.. 

acres. 
Land managed by farm operators farms reporting.. 

acres. . 
Land rented to others by farm operators farms reporting. 

acres. 

I .and in farns acres. 

Average size of farm acres.. 

Value of land and buildings: 

Average per farm dollars . 

Average per acre dollars. 

Proportion of farms reporting value percent. 

Proportion of land in farms for which 
value was reported percent. 

Land in fans according to us*: 

Cropland harvested farms reporting. 

acres. 

1 to 9 acres farms reporting. 

10 to 19 acres farms reporting. 

20 to 29 acres farms reporting. 

30 to 49 acres farms reporting. 

50 to 99 acres farms reporting. 

100 to 199 acres farms reporting. 

200 to 499 acres farms reporting. 

500 acres and over farms reporting. 

Cropland used only for pasture farms reporting. 

acres. 

Cropland not harvested and not pastured. . .farms reporting. 

acres. 
Cropland used only for crops not 

harvested and not pastured farms reporting. 

acres. 

Cropland lying idle farms reporting. 

acres. 

Woodland pastured farms reporting. 

acres. 

Woodland not pastured farms reporting. 

acres. 
Other pasture (not cropland and not 

woodland) farms reporting. 

acres. 
Other land Chouse lots, roads, 

wasteland, etc .) farms reporting . 

acres. 

Cropland, total farms reporting. 

acres. 

Land pastured, total farms reporting. 

acres. 

Woodland, total farms reporting. 

acres. 

FARM OPERATORS 

Residing on farm operated operators reporting. 

Not residing on farm operated operators reporting. 

With other income of family exceeding 

value of agricultural products sold operators reporting. 

Off- fan work: 

Working off their farms, total .operators reporting. 

1 to 99 days operators reporting. 

100 days or more operators reporting. 

Not working off their farms operators reporting. 

By age: 

Under 25 years operators reporting. 

25 to 34 years operators reporting. 

35 to 44 years operators reporting. 

£5 to 54 years operators reporting. 

55 to 64 years operators reporting. 

65 years and over operators reporting. 

By year began operation of present far.: 

1954 operators reporting. 

1953 operators reporting. 

1952 operators reporting. 

1951 operators reporting. 

1946-1950 operators reporting. 

1941-1945 operators reporting. 

1940 or earlier operators reporting. 

Far.a by rl.as of *orL power: 

No tractor, horses, or mules farms reporting. 

No tractor and only 1 horse or mule farms reporting. 

No tractor and 2 or more horses 

and/or mules farms reporting. 

Tractor and horses and/or mules farms reporting. 

Tractor and no horses or mules farms reporting. 



5 
50 

XXX 
XXX 



50 
10.0 



2,000 

200.00 

100 



275 
24,965 

XXX 

XXX 



24,965 
90.8 



12,267 

139.70 
78 



140 
100 
40 
125 



5 
15 
95 
100 
15 
35 



20 
5 
30 
30 
115 
30 
35 



50 

10 

50 
100 
65 



15 
4,125 



4,125 
275.0 



30,000 

133.33 

33 



426 
18,095 

XXX 
XXX 



18,095 
42.5 



8,075 

168.50 

77 



275 


15 


426 


7,565 


1,015 


6,893 


45 




165 


60 




130 


65 




70 


75 


10 


50 


25 




6 


5 


5 


5 


135 


15 


85 


2,330 


250 


1,165 


175 


15 


111 


2,680 


315 


2,767 


30 




15 


525 




280 


155 


15 


106 


2,155 


315 


2,487 


65 




45 


1,260 




445 


170 


15 


126 


8,650 


2,125 


4,815 


35 


15 


25 


855 


360 


540 


225 


15 


206 


1,625 


60 


1,470 


275 


15 


426 


12,575 


1,580 


10,825 


165 


15 


110 


4,445 


610 


2,150 


180 


15 


146 


9,910 


2,125 


5,260 


255 


15 


406 


15 




20 



200 

145 

55 

226 



5 

75 
146 
120 
55 
15 



30 
35 
41 
35 
160 
65 
45 

185 

35 

45 
60 
101 



35 
2,110 

XXX 

XXX 



2,110 
60.3 



2,020 

68.71 

71 



35 

630 

15 

10 
5 
5 



15 
275 

10 
235 

5 

75 

5 

160 

5 

100 

15 

795 



20 
75 

35 

,140 
15 

375 
20 

895 



124 



STATISTICS FOR THE STATE 



State Table 4.-FARMS AND FARM CHARACTERISTICS, 

[Data are based on reports for only 



(For definitions and explanations, see text) 



Nonwhite operators 



Total 

all farms 

of nonwhite 

operators 



Tenure of operator 1 



Full 
owners 



Part 
owners 



Managers 



1 arm number. 

SPECIFIED FACILITIES AND EQUIPMENT 

Telephone farms reporting. 

Electricity farms reporting. 

Television set farms reporting. 

Piped running water farms reporting. 

Home freezer farms reporting. 

Electric pig brooder farms reporting. 

Power feed grinder farms reporting. 

Milking machine farms reporting. 

Grain combines farms reporting. 

number . 
Corn pickers farms reporting. 

number. 
Pick-up hay balers farms reporting. 

number. 
Field forage harvesters farms reporting. 

number. 

Motortrucks farms reporting. 

number. 

Tractors farms reporting. 

number. 
Wheel and/or crawler tractors other 

than garden farms reporting. 

Wheel tractors other than garden farms reporting. 

number. 

Garden tractors farms reporting. 

number. 

Crawler tractors farms reporting. 

number. 

Autonobiles farms reporting. 

number. 

FARM LABOR WEEX OF OCTOBER 24-30 

Faeily and/or hired workers farms reporting. 

persons . 

Family workers, including operator farms reporting. 

persons. 

Operators working 1 or more hours persons. 

Unpaid members of operator ' s family 

working 15 hours or more farms reporting. 

persons. 

Hired workers farms reporting. 

persons. 
Regular workers ( to be employed 

130 days or more) farms reporting. 

persons. 
Seasonal workers ( to be employed 

less than 15C doya) farms reporting. 

persons. 
Regular hired workers and no 
seasonal hired workers farms reporting. 

Fsi-as by kind of workers: 

Both family workers and hired workers farms reporting. 

family workers only farms reporting. 

Operators only farms reporting. 

Unpaid members of operator's 

family only farms reporting. 

Hired workers only farms reporting. 

SPECIFIED FARM EXPENDITURES IN 1954 

Specified larw expeaditures farms reporting. 

Machine hire and/or hired labor farms reporting. 

dollars. 

Machine hire farms reporting. 

dollars. 

Hired labor farms reporting. 

dollara. 

Feed for livestock and poultry farms reporting. 

dollars . 

Gasoline and other petroleum fuel 

and oil farms reporting. 

dollars. 

Commercial fertilizer and fertilizing 

material farms reporting. 

dollars. 

tons. 

acres on which used. 

Lime and liming material.... farms reporting. 

dollars. 

tons. 

acres an which used. 

See footnotes at end of table. 



872 
1,982 
1,022 

522 

381 

61 
36 

92 
92 
42 
42 
31 
31 



707 
798 

1,202 
1,446 

1,142 
1,137 
1,356 

75 
75 
15 
15 

1,871 
2,181 



2,532 
4,068 

2,532 
3,658 
2,502 

711 
1,156 

215 
410 

60 
70 

170 
340 



215 
2,317 
1,671 



2,842 

1,705 
436,295 

1,060 
90,175 

1,220 
346,120 

1,846 
765,920 



1,587 
235,665 



2,172 

375,425 

7,441 

27,976 

350 

26,050 

2,920 

3,760 



235 

400 
240 
160 



205 
265 

330 
385 

325 
320 

360 
15 
15 
10 

10 

340 
395 



485 
895 

485 
765 
485 

195 
280 

75 
130 

30 
40 

45 
90 



75 
410 
240 



555 

415 

137,995 

250 

23,170 

320 

114,825 

385 
558,650 



390 
90,980 



500 

101,775 

1,930 

7,265 

135 
9,330 
1,035 
1,320 



75 
195 
85 
35 



110 
135 

150 
200 

145 

145 

195 

5 

5 



195 
205 



235 

400 

235 
340 
235 

75 
105 

45 
60 

20 
20 

35 
40 



45 
190 
135 



260 

220 
124,485 

170 
26,060 

185 
98,425 

180 
57,970 



185 
49,150 



245 

61,935 

1,368 

5,585 

25 

1,305 

160 

175 



91 
446 

251 
81 



116 
122 

356 

467 

351 
351 

462 



531 
651 



701 
1,367 

701 

1,187 

696 

246 
491 

70 
180 



65 

170 



70 
631 
405 



761 

580 
133,815 

310 
25,120 

455 
108,695 

325 
45,795 



531 

65,760 



711 

161,800 

3,136 

11,034 

115 

13,405 

1,290 

1,900 



MARYLAND 



125 



BY COLOR AND TENURE OF OPERATOR: CENSUS OF 1954-Continued 

a sample of farms. See texlf] 



(For definitions and explanations, see text) 



Faras... ............................. .number. 

SPECIFIED FACILITIES AND EQUIPMENT 

Telephone. .farms reporting. 

Electricity farms reporting. 

Television set farms reporting. 

Piped running water farms reporting. 

Home freezer farms reporting. 

Electric pig brooder farms reporting. 

Power feed grinder... farms reporting. 

Milking machine farms reporting. 

Grain combines farms reporting. 

number. 
Corn pickers farms reporting. 

number. 
Pick-up hay balers farms reporting. 

number. 
Field forage harvesters farms reporting. 

number. 

Motortrucks farms reporting. 

number. 

Tractors farms reporting. 

number. 
Wheel and/or crawler tractors other 

than garden. farms reporting. 

Wheel tractors other than garden farms reporting. 

number. 

Garden tractors farms reporting. 

number. 

Crawler tractors farms reporting. 

number . 

Automobiles.... farms reporting. 

number. 

FARM LABOR WEEK OF OCTOBER 24-30 

Family and/or hired workers......... farms reporting. 

persons. 

Family workers. Including operator farms reporting. 

persons. 

Operators working 1 or more hours persons. 

Unpaid members of operator's family 

working 15 hours or more farms reporting. 

persons. 

Hired workers farms reporting. 

persons. 
Regular workers ( to be employed 

150 days or more) farms reporting. 

persons. 
Seasonal workers ( to be employed 

less than 150 days) farms reporting. 

persons.. 
Regular hired workers and no 
seasonal hired workers farms reporting.. 

rarms by kind of workers: 

Both family workers and hired workers farms reporting. 

Family workers only farms reporting.. 

Operators only farms reporting. 

Unpaid members of operator's 

family only farms reporting. 

Hired workers only farms reporting. , 

SPECIFIED FARM EXPENDITURES IN 1954 

Specified fnroi expendi tures 2 farms reporting.. 

Machine hire and/or hired labor farms reporting., 

dollars.. 

Machine hire farms reporting.. 

dollars.. 

Hired labor farms reporting.. 

dollars. 

Feed for livestock and poultry farms reporting. 

dollars . . 

Gasoline and other petroleum fuel 

and oil farms reporting. 

dollars. 

Commercial fertilizer and fertilizing 

material farms reporting. 

dollars.. 

tons. . 

acres on which used. 

Lime and liming material farms reporting.. 

dollars., 

tons.. 

acres on which used. 



Nonwhite operators — Continued 



Tenure of operator 1 — Continued 



Tenants — Continued 



Crop-share 



5 

5 

1,175 



5 
1,175 



5 
450 



5 

260 

5 

30 



45 
185 
100 

40 



60 
65 

170 
210 

165 

165 

205 

5 

5 



190 
215 



275 
530 

275 
465 
275 

85 
190 

30 
65 



30 
245 
175 



275 

200 
40,920 

125 
9,410 

145 
31,510 

135 
10,310 



225 
29,385 



250 

62,300 

1,204 

4,855 

45 

5,015 

635 

975 



Livestock-share 



15 

15 

8,500 

15 
8,500 

15 
9,250 

15 
4,500 

15 

7,530 

128 

675 

5 

1,850 

85 

125 



Croppers 



31 
226 
141 

26 



46 

47 

161 
212 

161 
161 
212 



301 

361 



371 
697 

371 
652 

371 

146 
281 

20 
45 



20 
351 
210 



426 

325 
74,545 

165 
14,435 

255 
60,110 

155 
24,885 



266 
28,500 



401 

82,610 

1,639 

4,929 

65 

6,540 

570 

800 



Other and 
unspecified 



5 

15 
5 



35 

30 
5,675 

20 
1,275 

30 
4,400 



15 
900 



20 
2,475 



35 

7,200 

128 

340 



Other farms 



126 



STATISTICS FOR THE STATE 



State Table 4-FARMS AND FARM CHARACTERISTICS, 

[Data are based on reports for only 



(For definitions and explanations, see text) 



Farms number. . 

LIVESTOCK 

Livestock on hand: 

All cattle and calves farms reporting.. 

number.. 
Coys, including heifers that have 

calved farms reporting.. 

number. . 

Milk cows farms reporting . . 

number.. 

Horses and mules farms reporting . . 

number. . 

All hogs and pigs farms reporting.. 

number.. 

Chickens 4 months old and over farms reporting.. 

number. . 

Livestock and livestock products sold io 1954: 

Cattle and calves sold alive farms reporting.. 

number.. 

Hogs and pigs sold alive farms reporting.. 

number. . 

Chickens sold farms reporting.. 

dollars.. 

Chicken eggs sold farms reporting.. 

dozens.. 

CROPS 

Specified crops harvested io 1954: 

Corn for all purposes farms reporting . . 

acres . . 

Corn harvested for grain farms reporting . . 

acres. . 

bushels harvested . . 

bushels sold . . 

Wheat threshed or combined farms reporting . . 

acres. . 

bushels harvested.. 

bushels sold.. 

Tobacco harvested farms reporting . . 

acres . . 
pounds harvested . . 

Vegetables harvested for sale farms reporting . . 

dollars . . 

Hay cut acres. . 

tons 3 . . 



Nonwhite operators 



Total 
all 
farms of 
nonwhite operators 



2,897 



991 
5,666 

911 
3,607 

776 
2,852 

1,161 
2,041 

1,872 
10,243 

2,077 
80,691 



396 
2,371 



406 

4,404 



300 
403,735 



416 

84,520 



1,747 
15,153 

1,741 

14,935 

447,350 

171,330 

296 

3,200 

60,930 

46,463 

1,561 

10,224 

7,762,470 

446 
334,100 

4,199 
4,795 



Tenure of operator 1 



Full 
owners 



420 
3,535 

420 

3,430 

115,940 

44,735 

45 

445 

8,125 

6,000 

320 
1,514 

1,135,510 

130 
138,095 

1,125 
1,255 



Part 
owners 



245 


115 


1,990 


725 


235 


110 


1,220 


520 


195 


105 


1,070 


495 


295 


160 


600 


280 


410 


175 


2,350 


1,230 


360 


200 


14,430 


11,040 


120 


60 


1,110 


375 


110 


60 


1,370 


585 


95 


50 


393,025 


3,465 


70 


75 


15,700 


21,550 



190 
2,875 

190 

2,875 

101,210 

46,360 

75 

1,260 

23,810 

20,310 

150 
1,301 

867,800 



103,910 



900 

1,115 



Managers 



290 
2,010 

280 

1,365 

250 

890 

325 
635 

451 
2,469 

501 
16,245 



140 
745 



95 
1,480 



30 
795 



60 
7,510 



576 
5,758 

570 

5,700 

163,535 

65,090 

140 
1,245 

22,750 
15,050 

711 

6,694 

5,273,105 

30 
31,170 

1,611 
1,315 



5 

75 



5 

90 

5 

90 
850 



55 
1,125 
1,015 

5 

50 

40,000 



55 
60 



*Data are given by tenure of operator for commercial farms only. ^Excludes farms reporting commercial fertilizer and lime. 'Excludes grass silage. 



MARYLAND 

BY COLOR AND TENURE OF OPERATOR: CENSUS OF 1954-Continued 

a sample of farms. See text] 



127 



(For definitions and explanations, see text) 



Nonwhite operators — Continued 



Tenure of operator 1 — Continued 



Tenants — Continued 



Crop-share 



Livestock- share 



Croppers 



Other and 
unspecified 



Funis number.. 

LIVESTOCK 

Livestock on hand: 

Ail cattle and calves farms reporting.. 

number. . 
Cows, including heifers that have 

calved farms reporting . . 

number.. 

Milk cows farms reporting.. 

number. . 

Horses and mules farms reporting.. 

number . . 

All hogs and pigs farms reporting . . 

number . . 

Chickens 4 months old and over farms reporting.. 

number. . 

Livestock and livestock products sold in 1954: 

Cattle and calves sold alive farms reporting.. 

number. . 

Hogs and pigs sold alive farms reporting.. 

number . . 

Chickens sold farms reporting . . 

dollars.. 

Chicken eggs sold farms reporting.. 

dozens.. 

CROPS 
Specified crops harvested in 1954: 

Corn for all purposes farms reporting . . 

acres . . 

Corn harvested for grain farms reporting . . 

acres . . 

bushels harvested.. 

bushels sold. . 

Wheat threshed or combined farms reporting . . 

acres . . 

bushels harvested.. 

bushels sold. . 

Tobacco harvested farms reporting. . 

acres . . 
pounds harvested . . 

Vegetables harvested for sale farms reporting.. 

dollars . . 

Hay cut acres.. 

tons 3 .. 



5 

125 



5 

30 

60,000 



150 
970 

140 

640 
130 
435 

160 
335 

180 
995 

200 

7,235 



70 
345 



10 

475 



30 



245 
2,925 

245 
2,925 

73,860 
30,800 

65 

625 

11,310 

8,285 

235 

2,584 

1,983,455 

30 
31,170 

645 
430 



15 


110 


440 


470 


15 


110 


265 


345 


5 


100 


145 


270 


10 


140 


20 


260 


15 


236 


70 


1,144 


15 


251 


625 


6,970 


15 


45 


135 


225 


15 


55 


590 


620 




20 




320 


10 


15 


560 


1,300 



15 
375 

15 

375 

10,750 



10 

110 

90,000 



230 
200 





281 


2 


198 




275 


2 


1, > 


72 


: 


33 


,290 




65 




540 


9 


815 


5 






421 


3 


648 


2,872 


65C 



10 
105 

10 
95 
10 
20 

10 
10 

10 
115 

25 
1,220 



5 
250 



571 
465 



30 
170 

30 

170 

5,945 

1,000 

5 

25 

500 

250 

35 

272 

227,000 



110 
110 



1,321 



341 
941 

286 
502 
226 

397 

381 
526 

836 
4,194 

1,016 
38,976 



76 
141 

141 
969 

125 
6,450 

211 
39,760 





561 


2 


is: 




561 


2 




66 




15 


,145 




36 




."■0 


6,245 


5 


1 ' 




38C 




715 


486 


,055 




20c. 


60 


925 




51 I 


1 


110 



128 



STATISTICS FOR THE STATE 



State Table 5.-FARM OPERATORS BY COLOR, RESIDENCE, OFF-FARM WORK, AGE, AND YEARS ON PRESENT FARM- 
CENSUSES OF 1920 TO 1954 

[Data in italics are based on reports for only a sample of farms. See text] 



(For definitions and explanations, see text) 



FARM OPERATORS 
By color: 

White number. 

Negro number. 

Other nonwhlte number. 

By residence: 

Residing on farm operated operators reporting. 

Not residing on farm operated operators reporting. 

Operators not reporting residence ■ number. 

By off-fara work: 

Working off their farms, total operators reporting. 

1 to 49 days operators reporting. 

50 to 99 days operators reporting. 

100 days or more operators reporting. 

100 to 199 days operators reporting. 

200 days and over.... ..operators reporting. 

Operators not working off their farms number. 

Operators not reporting number. 

By age: 

Under 25 years operators reporting. 

25 to 34 years operators reporting. 

35 to 44 years operators reporting. 

45 to 54 years operators reporting. 

55 to 64 years operstors reporting. 

65 years and over operators reporting. 

Average age years. 

Operators not reporting age number. 

Operation of present farn began-- 
1954: 

September or later operators reporting., 

July and August operators reporting., 

May and June operators reporting., 

March and April operators reporting. . 

January and February..... operators reporting., 

1953: 

November and December operators reporting.. 

September and October. ............. operators reporting.. 

July and August operators reporting.. 

May and June .....operators reporting., 

March and April ..operators reporting.. 

January and February operators reporting., 

1952 operators reporting.. 

1951 operators reporting.. 

1946 to 1950 operators reporting., 

1941 to 1945 operators reporting., 

1940 and earlier operators reporting.. 

Operators not reporting number.. 

Average nuaber of years on present fara years.. 

NA Not available. 



Census of — 



1954 

(November) 



29,415 

3,076 
9 

30,073 

1,777 

650 

15,351 
2.831 
l.i5i 

11.106 
1.956 
9.150 

16.259 
833 

509 
3.4U 
6.856 
8.082 
7,145 
5.899 
51.0 

578 



153 
66 
140 

332 

ill 

229 
206 

139 

ue 

260 

269 

l,66i 

1.653 

7.623 

4.721 

13.675 

796 

15 



1950 
(April 1) 



32,504 
3,595 

8 

33,549 

1,629 

929 

15. 709 
2.848 
1.640 

11.221 
2.269 
8.952 

19.680 
773 

459 
4.128 
7,715 
8,782 
7,601 
5.625 
50.3 
1.852 



XXX 
XXX 
XXX 
XXX 
XXX 

XXX 
XXX 
XXX 
XXX 
XXX 
XXX 
XXX 
XXX 
XXX 
XXX 
XXX 
XXX 



1945 
(January l) 



37,057 
4,218 

38,414 

2,601 

260 

12,307 
1,401 
990 
9,916 
1,930 
7,986 

28,968 



XXX 
XXX 
XXX 
XXX 
XXX 

XXX 
XXX 
XXX 
XXX 
XXX 
XXX 
XXX 
XXX 
XXX 
XXX 
XXX 
XXX 

L4 



1940 
(April 1) 



38,059 

4,049 

2 

37,806 

1,926 

2,378 

12,291 
2,132 
1,486 
8,673 
2,632 
6,041 

25,662 
4,157 



917 


780 


4,831 


4,625 


8,796 


7,934 


0,661 


10,364 


8,797 


8,693 


7,001 
50.2 


7,280 
50.9 


272 


2,434 



XXX 
XXX 
XXX 
XXX 
XXX 

XXX 
XXX 
XXX 
XXX 
XXX 
XXX 
XXX 
XXX 
XTCX 
XXX 
XXX 
XXX 

14 



1935 
(January l) 



39,518 
4,894 

(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 

12,071 
2,722 
2,006 
7,343 
3,199 
4,144 

27,942 

4,399 

(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 



XXX 
XXX 
XXX 
XXX 
XXX 

XXX 
XXX 
XXX 
XXX 
XXX 
XXX 
XXX 
XXX 
XXX 
XXX 
XXX 
XXX 

(NA) 



1930 
(April 1) 



37,936 

5,264 
3 

(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

14,389 
4,32-/ 

2,208 
7,854 
3,258 
4,596 

28, 814 

819 
5,333 
9,828 

10,754 

8,928 

5,974 

(NA) 

1,567 



XXX 
XXX 
XXX 
XXX 
XXX 

XXX 

XXX 
XXX 
XXX 
XXX 
XXX 
XXX 
XXX 
XXX 
XXX 
XXX 
XXX 
(NA) 



1925 
(January 1) 



42,280 
6,721 

(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 
(HA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 



XXX 
XXX 
XXX 
XXX 

XXX 

XXX 

XXX 
XXX 
XXX 
XXX 
XXX 
XXX 
XXX 
XXX 
XXX 
XXX 
XXX 
(NA) 



State Table 6.-FARMS BY CLASS OF WORK POWER AND SPECIFIED FACILITIES AND EQUIPMENT: 

CENSUSES OF 1920 TO 1954 

[Data in italics are based on reports for only a sample of farms. See text] 



(For definitions and explanations, see text) 



Census of — 



1954 
(November) 



1950 
(April 1) 



1945 
(January l) 



1940 
(April 1) 



1935 
(January 1) 



1930 
(April 1) 



1925 
(January 1) 



Faras by class of work power: 

No tractor, horses, or mules farms 

No tractor and only 1 horse or mule farms 

No tractor and 2 or more horses 

end/or mules farms 

Tractor and horses and/or mules fsrms 

Tractor and no horses or mules farms 

Specified facilitiea and equipnent: 

Telephone farms 

Electricity farms 

Television set farms 

Piped running water farms 

Home freezer farms 

Electric pig brooder farms 

Power feed grinder farms 

Milking machine farms 

Grain combines farms 

Corn pickers farms 

Pick-up hay balers farms 

Field forage harveaters , 

Motortrucks 



Tractors, Including garden tractors. 



1 tractor farms 

2 tractors farms 

3 tractors farms 

4 tractors farms 

5 or more tractors farms 

Wheel tractors other than garden 

Garden tractors 

Crawler tractors 

Automobiles farms 



Farms reporting automobiles and/or motortrucks. 



reporting, 
reporting. 

reporting, 
reporting, 
reporting. 

reporting, 
reporting, 
reporting, 
reporting, 
reporting, 
reporting, 
reporting, 
reporting, 
reporting. 

number, 
reporting. 

number, 
reporting. 

number, 
reporting. 

number, 
reporting. 

number, 
reporting. 

number, 
reporting, 
reporting, 
reporting, 
reporting, 
reporting. 
. . number . 
. . .number. 
...number, 
reporting. 

number. 
. . .number. 



7.842 
1.393 

1.468 

7.413 

14.367 

22. 137 

30.160 

20,099 

23.903 

14.468 

553 

5,479 

6.375 

5.468 

5.653 

5,004 

5,116 

4,873 

4,915 

1,639 

1,690 

16.843 

22, 275 

23.327 

40.673 

'12.828 

"6.030 

'2.000 

z 496 

H26 

34.847 

4.899 

927 

26.153 

38-077 

-8.:)21 



7.488 
2.792 

5,350 
11,652 
8.880 

19.457 

30,302 

(NA) 

(NA) 

7,092 

(NA) 

(NA) 

5.559 

3.815 

4.031 

2.513 

2.569 

2.162 

2,194 

(NA) 

(NA) 

16.917 

21.443 

20.532 

29.905 

z 13. 772 

Z 4.1S0 

z 1.306 

26.106 
2.984 
815 
26.305 
36.476 
26, 805 



10,997 
4,144 

10.058 
13.007 
3.069 

17,137 

25,256 

(NA) 

18,719 

(NA) 

(NA) 

(NA) 

3,156 

1.403 

1.465 

(NA) 

(NA) 

(NA) 

(NA) 

(NA) 

(NA) 

16,080 

19, 197 

15,968 

18,789 

13,887 

1,668 

413 

1 7. 889 
607 
752 
31,953 
41,485 
31,953 



(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 

12.982 

18,351 

(NA) 

(NA) 

(NA) 

(NA) 

(NA) 

(NA) 

(NA) 

(NA) 

(NA) 

(NA) 

(NA) 

(NA) 

(NA) 

(NA) 

11.454 

13,058 

9,448 

10,335 

(NA) 

(NA) 

(NA) 

(NA) 

(NA) 

(NA) 
29,695 
38,848 

(NA) 



(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 

ttl 

(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 



(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 

11,935 

1 9,145 

(NA) 

(NA) 

(NA) 

(NA) 

(NA) 

(NA) 

(NA) 

(NA) 

(NA) 

(NA) 

(NA) 

(NA) 

(NA) 

(NA) 

10,205 

11,284 

6,744 

7,208 

(NA) 

(NA) 

(NA) 

(NA) 

(NA) 

(NA) 

(NA) 

(NA) 

30,519 

37, 972 

(NA) 



(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA 1 
3.K14 
4,026 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 

83 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 



NA Not available. 1 The 19^ inouirv referred to electrleitv in "farmer's dwelling," and the 1920 inquiry referred to gas or electricity in "operator 

^Figures for 1954 and 1950 are for tractors other than garden traotors. 



a dwelling. 







MARYLAND 










129 


State Table 7.-FARM LABOR AND SPECIFIED FARM 


EXPENDITURES: CENSUSES OF 1920 TO 1954 




[Data In Italics are based 


on reports for 


only a sample of farms. See 


text] 










Census of — 


(For definitions and explanations, see text) 


1954 
(November) 


1950 
(April 1) 


1945 
(January l) 


1940 
(April 1) 


1935 
( January l) 


1930 
(April 1) 


1925 

(January l) 


1920 
(January l) 


FARM LABOR 


















Faro workers for specified week: 1 

persons. . 


29.262 
65.963 


39,966 
67. 795 


34,785 
64, 821 


35,535 
74,685 


43,511 
83,821 


(NA) 
(NA) 


(NA! 
(NA) 


(NA) 
(NA) 




2.2 


2.2 


1.9 


2.1 


1.9 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


Family workers, including operators. .. .farms reporting.. 

persons. . 


28.559 
43,746 


29.770 
46.544 


33,761 

51, 761 


31,934 
48,512 


41,437 
60,848 


(NA) 
(NA) 


(NA) 
(NA) 


(NA) 
(NA) 




27.856 


27.950 


31,791 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


Unpaid members of operator's family 

persons. . 


10.717 
15.890 


12.731 
18.594 


13,798 
19,970 


d 


(NA) 
(NA) 


(NA) 
(NA) 


(NA) 
(NA) 


(NA) 
(NA) 




8.683 
22.222 


10.026 
21.251 


7,778 
13,060 


13,313 
26,173 


14,133 
22,973 


(NA) 
(NA) 


(NA) 
(NA) 


(NA) 
(NA) 


persons . . 


Workers hired by hour or on 


5.134 
8.836 

8.252 


6.466 
9.416 

311 


(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 


13,024 
11,743 

1,406 


(NA) 

(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 


(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 


(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 


(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA> 




(NA) 


Farms reporting by amber of bired workers: 






5,372 


(NA) 


9,975 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 




2.238 

1 . 202 


2,491 
1.393 


1,474 
634 


(NA) 
(NA) 


2,637 
1,044 


(NA) 
(NA) 


(NA) 

(NA) 


(naX 




(NA) 




502 
2i9 


492 
164 


235 
63 


(NA) 
(NA) 


391 
86 


(NA) 
(NA) 


(NA) 
(NA) 


(NA) 




(NA) 


Faras by kind of workers during specified week: 


3,221 
7.980 


5,212 
8.846 
5,569 


6,490 

6,754 
4,238 


6,575 
9,712 

(NA) 


901 

12,059 

(NA) 


(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 


(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 


(NA) 




(NA) 




(NA) 


Operator, members of his family, 


2,915 
202 


2,982 
295 


2,269 

247 


(NA) 
(NA) 


(NA) 
(NA) 


(NA) 
(NA) 


(NA) 
(NA) 


(NA) 


Members of operator's family and hired workers. . .farms. . 


(NA) 




20.579 


20.924 


27,007 


22,222 


29, 378 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 










(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 




1 t , . 




9,559 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 










(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 




703 


1.180 


1,024 


3,601 


2,074 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


SPECIFIED FARM EXPENDITURES 3 






16.202 
3.797.363 


IS, 759 
3.790.231 


(NA) 
(NA) 


(NA) 
(NA) 


(NA) 
(NA) 


(NA) 
(NA) 


(NA) 
(NA) 


(NA) 


dollars. . 


(NA) 




16.540 
J 6. 154.558 


19.604 
26.436.925 


25,438 
23,333,144 


20,846 


(NA) 
(NA) 


25,454 
12,865,994 


24,665 
9,833,006 


29,123 


dollars . . 


12,915,066 




3,158 


4.307 


6,105 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 




2.526 


2.341 


1.583 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 




3.009 
2.050 


3.652 
2.767 


4,638 
4,337 


(NA) 
(NA) 


(NA) 
(NA) 


(NA) 
(NA) 


(NA) 
(NA) 


(NA} 




(NA) 




3.305 


4.050 
\ 

[ 


4,867 


(NA) 
/ (NA) 


(NA) 
(NA) 


(NA) 
(NA) 


(NA) 
(NA) 


(NA) 




(NAr 




609 


1,908 


\ (NA) 
j (NA) 


(NA) 
(NA) 


(NA) 
(NA) 


(NA) 

(NA) 


(NA) 




(NA) 




113 


) 




\ (NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NAt 




25. 732 
54.940.307 


28. 725 
50,580.372 


34,664 
42,842,747 


28,228 
9,335,262 


(NA) 
(NA) 


32,070 
10,613,261 


32,544 
7,599,600 


33,353 


dollars . . 




Gasoline and other petroleum fuel and oil ... .farms reporting.. 

dollars . . 


24,253 
10.022,408 


7.976.651 


(NA) 
(NA) 


16,668 
1,918,993 


(NA) 
(NA) 


(NA) 
(NA) 


(NA) 
(NA) 


(NA) 
(NAT 


Coanercial fertilizer and 


24 . 439 
12.849.050 


(NA) 
(NA) 


29,510 
6.316.507 


29,577 
3,904,71-; 


(NA) 
(NA) 


'33,676 
(NA) 


(NA) 
(NA) 


39,270 


dollars. . 






9.097 
1.849.989 


(NA) 
(NA) 


17,213 
1.999,768 


11,780 
823,815 


(NA) 
(NA) 


(NA) 
(NA) 


(NA) 
(NA) 


(NA) 


dollars. . 


(NA) 





















NA Not available, 

1 Censua of 1954, Week of 0c+ . 2-4-30; Census of 1950, week preceding enumeration; Censuses of 1945 and 1935, first week of January; Census of 1940, last week of March. 
a See text for differences in definition of farm workeia. 

3 For Census of 1954, expenditures during calendar year 1954; for earlier censuses, expenditures during the preceding calendar year. 

4 Cash payments for farm labor; housework not included. For 1954, 1950, 1945, and 1940, the data do not include expenditures for contract construction work, machine hire, and 
labor included in cost of machine hire. For 1920, the value of board furnished was included. 
'Farms reporting tons of commercial fertilizer. 



130 



STATISTICS FOR THE STATE 

State Table 8.-HIRED FARM LABOR AND WAGE RATES 

[Figures on number of workers and wage rates are for hired persons working the week of 



Item 
(For definitions and explanations, see text) 



Total 
all farms 



Economic class 



Commercial farms 



Hired workers farms reporting. 

persons . 

1 hired worker farms reporting. 

2 hired workers farms reporting. 

3 or 4 hired workers farms reporting. 

5 to 9 hired workers farms reporting. 

10 hired workers or more ..farms reporting. 

Regular workers ( to be employed 130 days or more) farms reporting. 

persons. 

1 hired worker farms reporting. 

2 hired workers farms reporting. 

3 or 4 hired workers farms reporting. 

5 to 9 hired workers farms reporting. 

10 hired workers or more farms reporting. 

Seasonal workers (to be employed less than 150 days) farms reporting. 

persons. 

1 hired worker farms reporting. 

2 hired workers farms reporting. 

3 or 4 hired workers farms reporting. 

5 to 9 hired workers farms reporting. 

10 hired workers or more farms reporting. 

Regular hired workers and no seasonal hired workers farms reporting. 

Both regular and seasonal hired workers farms reporting. 

Seasonal hired workers and no regular hired workers farms reporting. 

Paid on a Monthly basis farms reporting. 

Undei $25 per month farms reporting. 

$25 to $34 per month farms reporting. 

$35 to $49 per month farms reporting. 

$50 to $64 per month farms reporting . 

$85 to $109 per month farms reporting. 

$110 to $129 per month farms reporting. 

$130 to $169 per month farms reporting. 

$170 to $214 per month farms reporting. 

$215 to $274 per month farms reporting . 

$275 to $324 per month farms reporting. 

$325 and over per month farms reporting. 

Paid od a weekly basis farms reporting. 

Under $5 per week farms reporting. 

$5 to $7 per week farms reporting. 

$8 to $11 per week farms reporting. 

$12 to $19 per week farms reporting. 

$20 to $24 per week farms reporting. 

$25 to $29 per week farms reporting. 

$30 to $39 per week farms reporting. 

$40 to $49 per week farms reporting. 

$50 to $59 per week farms reporting. 

$60 to $69 per week farms reporting. 

$70 to $79 per week farms reporting. 

$80 and over per week farms reporting. 

Paid on a daily basis farms reporting. 

$1 per day ^ farms reporting. 

$2 per day farms reporting. 

$3 per day farms reporting. 

$4 per day farms reporting. 

$5 per day farms reporting. 

$6 per day farms reporting. 

$7 per day farms reporting. 

$8 per day farms reporting. 

$9 per day farms reporting. 

$10 and over per day farms reporting. 

Paid on an hourly basis tlWB reporting. 

Under $0.25 per hour farms reporting. 

$0.25 to $0.34 per hour farms reporting. 

$0.35 to $0.44 per hour farms reporting. 

$0.45 to $0.54 per hour farms reporting. 

$0.55 to $0.64 per hour farms reporting. 

$0.65 to $0.74 per hour rarms reporting. 

$0.75 to $0.84 per hour farms reporting. 

$0.85 to $0.99 per hour fams reporting. 

$1.00 to $1.14 per hour farms reporting. 

$1.15 to $1.29 per hour farms reporting. 

$1.30 to $1.44 per hour farms reporting., 

$1.45 and over per hour farms reporting., 

Paid on a piece-work basis farms reporting.. 

Expenditures for bired labor in 1954 farms reporting.. 

. . dollars.. 

f 1 t0 * 9 J farms reporting. . 

$100 to $199 fa rms reporting. 

$200 to $499 farms reporting.. 

$500 to $999 farms reporting.. 

$1,000 to $2,499 farms reporting.. 

$2,500 to $4,999 farms reporting.. 

$5,000 and over farms reporting.. 

Farms with expenditures for hired labor but no hired workers reported .. .farms reporting.. 

f 1 Jf * 9 a f ^"s reporting. . 

$100 to $199 fa^ reporting.. 

$200 to $499 farms reporting. 

$500 to $999 farms re£orting\ . 

$1,000 to $2,499 farms reporting. 

!.'™ t0 $ *' 9 " flMS reporting. 

$5,000 and over farm s reporting.. 



8,683 

22,222 

4,492 

2,238 

1,202 

502 

249 

5,534 

11,909 

3,466 

1,173 

563 

241 

91 

4,466 

10,313 

2,635 

980 

508 

192 

151 

4,217 

1,317 

3,149 

2,804 

15 

20 

61 

456 

550 

384 

680 

465 

91 

40 

42 

2,689 

35 

120 

247 

251 

393 

1,011 

358 

187 

51 

20 

16 

1,815 

10 

30 

93 

183 

648 

360 

207 

166 

11 

107 



189 
168 
182 
920 

69 
748 

76 



620 

16,540 
26,154,558 
3,158 
2,526 
3,009 
2,050 
3,305 
1,549 
943 

7,857 
2,731 
1,940 
1,875 

736 

479 

83 

13 



8,139 

21,070 

4,172 

2,073 

1,162 

501 

231 

5,397 

11,564 

3,351 

1,163 

558 

241 

84 

4,038 

9,506 

2,395 

840 

473 

191 

139 

4,101 

1,296 

2,742 

2,691 

15 

15 

56 

446 

525 

364 

650 

460 

79 

39 

42 

2,607 

20 

120 

247 

251 

376 

980 

337 

187 

51 

20 

16 

1,729 

5 

30 

93 

178 

623 

335 

192 

161 

10 

102 

2,197 



174 
168 
182 
860 

54 
663 

51 



540 

14,726 
25,070,568 
2,192 
2,126 
2,804 
1,955 
3,185 
1,534 
930 

6,587 
1,891 
1,645 
1,790 

716 

449 

83 

13 



994 

6,876 

206 

232 

254 

164 

138 

899 

4,833 

215 

230 

234 

143 

77 

361 

2,043 

161 

68 

46 

22 

64 

633 

266 

95 

430 



5 
68 
40 
136 
131 
24 
14 
12 



17 
20 
35 
184 
92 
86 
21 
5 
16 



7 
2 
37 
47 
20 
21 



13 
35 

47 

136 

8 

45 

5 



54 

1,134 

10,619,729 

2 

30 

39 

72 

163 

297 

531 

140 
1 
25 
28 
45 
17 
16 



2,833 

6,062 

1,345 

870 

427 

150 

41 

2,313 

3,750 

1,457 

580 

214 

56 

6 

1,098 

2,312 

666 

212 

152 

38 

30 

1,735 

578 

520 

1,197 

10 

5 

15 

170 

235 

178 

292 

219 

38 

15 

20 

1,077 



30 
105 
106 
163 
495 

97 



15 

16 
61 
198 
77 
51 
30 



58 

45 
257 

11 
158 

11 



130 



3,716 
7,814,966 
185 
185 
376 
442 

1,423 
816 
289 

883 

145 
140 
260 
146 
141 
46 



5 
25 

160 
131 
101 
152 



5 

30 
75 
70 
105 
191 
111 
20 
10 



5 

35 
60 
227 
86 
35 
40 
10 
30 



45 
50 
55 

221 
20 

240 
10 



180 

3,821 
3,946,904 
360 
525 
881 
635 
1,048 
304 
66 

1,537 
305 
345 
516 

180 

176 

15 



MARYLAND 



131 



BY ECONOMIC CLASS: CENSUS OF 1954 

Oct. 24-30. Data are based on reports for only a sample of farms. See text] 



(For definitions and explanations, see text) 



Economic class — Continued 



Commercial farms— Continued 



Other farms 



Residential 



Hired workers farms reporting . 

persons. 

1 hired worker farms reporting. 

2 hired workers farms reporting. 

3 or 4 hired workers farms reporting. 

5 to 9 hired workers farms reporting. 

10 hired workers or more farms reporting. 

Regular workers (to be employed 150 days or more) farms reporting. 

persons . 

1 hired worker farms reporting. 

2 hired workers farms reporting. 

3 or 4 hired workers farms reporting. 

5 to 9 hired workers farms reporting. 

10 hired workers or more farms reporting. 

Seasonal workers (to be employed less than 150 days) farms reporting. 

persons. 

1 hired worker farms reporting. 

2 hired workers farms reporting. 

3 or A hired workers farms reporting. 

5 to 9 hired workers farms reporting. 

10 hired workers or more farms reporting. 

Regular hired workers and no seasonal hired workers farms reporting. 

Both regular and seasonal hired workers farms reporting. 

Seasonal hired workers and no regular hired workers farms reporting. 

Paid on • .onthl, basis farms reporting. 

Under $25 per month farms reporting. 

$25 to $34 per month farms reporting. 

$35 to $49 per month farms reporting. 

$50 to $84 per month farms reporting. 

$85 to $109 per month farms reporting. 

$110 to $129 per month farms reporting. 

$130 to $169 per month farms reporting. 

$170 to $214 per month farms reporting. 

$215 to $274 per month farms reporting. 

$275 to $324 per month farms reporting. 

$325 and over per month farms reporting. 

Paid on a weekly basia farms reporting. 

Under $5 per week farms reporting. 

$5 to $7 per week farms reporting. 

$8 to $11 per week farms reporting. 

$12 to $19 per week farms reporting. 

$20 to $24 per week farms reporting. 

$25 to $29 per week farms reporting. 

$30 to $39 per week farms reporting. 

$40 to $49 per week farms reporting. 

$50 to $59 per week farms reporting. 

$60 to $69 per week farms reporting. 

$70 to $79 per week farms reporting. 

$80 and over per week farms reporting. 

Paid on a daily basis farms reporting. 

$1 per day farms reporting . 

$2 per day farms reporting. 

$3 per day farms reporting. 

$4 per day farms reporting. 

$5 per day farms reporting. 

$6 per day farms reporting. 

$7 per day farms reporting. 

$8 per day farms reporting. 

$9 per day farms reporting. 

$10 and over per day farms reporting. 

I Paid on an hourly basis farms reporting. 

Under $0.25 per hour farms reporting. 

$0.25 to $0.34 per hour farms reporting. 

$0.35 to $0.44 per hour farms reporting. 

$0.45 to $0.54 per hour farms reporting. 

$0.55 to $0.64 per hour farms reporting. 

$0.65 to $0.74 per hour farms reporting. 

$0.75 to $0.84 per hour farms reporting. 

$0.85 to $0.99 per hour farms reporting. 

$1.00 to $1.14 per hour farms reporting. 

$1.15 to $1.29 per hour farms reporting. 

$1.30 to $1.44 per hour farms reporting. 

$1.45 and over per hour farms reporting. 

Paid on a piece-work basis farms reporting. 

Expenditures for hired labor in 19S4 farms reporting. 

dollars. 

$1 to $99 farms reporting. 

$100 to $199 farms reporting. 

$200 to $499 farms reporting. 

$500 to $999 farms reporting. 

$1,000 to $2,499 farms reporting. 

$2,500 to $4,999 farms reporting. 

$5,000 and over farms reporting. 

Farna with expenditures for hired labor but no hired workers reported .. .farms reporting. 

$1 to $99 farms reporting., 

$100 to $199 farms reporting. . 

$200 to $499 farms reporting., 

$500 to $999 farme re p orU ng., 

$1,000 to $2,499 farms reporting.. 

$2,500 to $4,999 farms reporting.. 

$5,000 and over farms reporting.. 



1,245 

2,343 

787 

256 

136 

46 

20 

599 

866 

451 

97 

30 

21 

737 
1,477 

482 

120 
85 
30 
20 

508 
91 

646 

252 



50 
25 
25 

131 

10 

105 

5 



76 

3,256 

1,905,585 

600 

685 

862 

576 

416 

75 

42 

2,011 
515 
570 
576 
260 
85 
5 



637 

,048 

426 

106 

85 

20 

222 

263 

186 

31 

5 



465 
785 
285 
110 
55 
15 

172 

5C 

415 



40 
20 
15 
20 
5 



15 
25 
20 
15 
10 
35 
15 
15 



85 



2,137 
667,844 
690 
530 
586 
180 
110 
41 

1,500 
625 

410 

380 

70 

15 



146 
186 
116 
25 

5 



116 

146 

96 

15 

5 



15 

662 

115,540 

355 

171 

60 

50 

25 

1 

516 

300 

155 

30 

15 

15 

1 



375 
640 
225 
120 
20 

10 
70 
75 
65 



310 
565 
170 
110 
20 

10 

65 

5 

305 



61 



1,220 

263,725 

630 

330 

135 

50 

70 

5 

845 

530 

255 

50 

5 

5 



150 

230 

95 

40 

15 



50 
50 
50 



110 
180 
65 
30 
15 



40 

10 

100 



5 

5 

IC 

5 
10 



40 
15 



10 
10 
5 



5 
5 

L5 
L5 



20 



575 

165,565 

335 

70 

70 

45 

50 

5 

425 
310 
40 
35 
15 
25 



132 



STATISTICS FOR THE STATE 

State Table 9.-HIRED FARM LABOR AND WAGE RATES 



[Figures on number of workers and wage rates are for hired persons working the week 



Item 
(For definitions and explanations, see text) 



Total 
all farms 



Tenure of operator 1 



Full 
owners 



Part 
owners 



Managers 



Hi red workers farms reporting. . 

persons. . 

1 hired worker farms reporting.. 

2 hired workers farms reporting. . 

3 or * hired workers farms reporting. . 

5 to 9 hired workers farms reporting. . 

10 hired workers or more farms reporting. . 

Regular workers (to be employed 150 days or more) farms reporting.. 

persons. . 

1 hired worker farms reporting. . 

2 hired workers farms reporting. . 

3or4 hired workers farms reporting. . 

5 to 9 hired workers farms reporting.. 

10 hired workers or more farms reporting. . 

Seasonal workers (to be employed less than 150 days) farms reporting.. 

persons. . 

1 hired worker farms reporting.. 

2 hired workers farms reporting. . 

3 ori hired workers farms reporting. . 

5 to 9 hired workers. , farms reporting. . 

10 hired workers or more farms reporting. . 

Regular hired workers and no seasonal hired workers farms reporting.. 

Both regular and seasonal hired workers farms reporting.. 

Seasonal hired workers and no regular hired workers farms reporting.. 

Paid on a nonthly basis farms reporting. 

Under $25 per month farms reporting. 

$25 to $34 per month farms reporting. 

$35 to $49 per month farms reporting. 

$50 to $84 per month farms reporting. 

$85 to $109 per month farms reporting. 

$110 to $129 per month farms reporting. 

$130 to $169 per month farms reporting. 

$170 to $214 per month farms reporting. 

$215 to $274 per month farms reporting. 

$275 to $324 per month farms reporting. 

$325 and over per month farms reporting. 

Paid on a weekly basis farms reporting. 

Under $5 per week farms reporting. 

$5 to $7 per week farms reporting. 

$8 to $11 per week farms reporting. 

$12 to $19 per week farms reporting. 

$20 to $24 per week farms reporting. 

$25 to $29 per week farms reporting. 

$30 to $39 per week farms reporting. 

$40 to $49 per week farms reporting. 

$50 to $59 per week farms reporting. 

$60 to $69 per week farms reporting. 

$70 to $79 per week farms reporting. 

$80 and over per week farms reporting. 

Paid on a daily basis farms reporting. 

$1 per day farms reporting. 

$2 per day f arms reporting. 

$3 per day farms reporting. 

$4 per day farms reporting. 

$5 per day farms reporting. 

$6 per day farms reporting. 

$7 per day farms reporting. 

$8 per day farms reporting. 

$9 per day farms reporting. 

$10 and over per day fa™* reporting. 

Paid on an hourly basis farms reporting. 

Under $0.25 per hour farms reporting. 

$0.25 to $0.34 per hour farms reporting. 

$0.35 to $0.44 per hour farms reporting. 

$0.45 to $0.54 per hour farms reporting. 

$0.55 to $0.64 per hour farms reporting. 

$0.65 to $0.74 per hour farms reporting. 

$0.75 to $0.84 per hour farms reporting. 

$0.85 to $0.99 per hour farms reporting. 

$1.00 to $1.14 per hour farms reporting. 

$1.15 to $1.29 per hour farms reporting. 

$1.30 to $1.44 per hour farms reporting. 

$1.45 and over per hour farms reporting. 

Paid on a piece-work basis farms reporting. 

Expenditures for hired labor in 1°54 farms reporting. 

dollars. 

$1 to $99 farms reporting. 

$100 to $199 farms reporting. 

$200 to $499 farms reporting. 

$500 to $999 farms reporting. 

$1,000 to $2,499 farms reporting. 

$2,500 to $4,999 farms reporting. 

$5,000 and over farms reporting. 

harms wrth expenditures for hired labor but no hired workers reported. . .farms reporting. 

$1 to $99 farms reporting. 

$100 to $199 farms reporting. 

$200 to $499 farms reporting. 

$500 to $999 farms reporting. 

$1,000 to $2,499 farms reporting. 

$2,500 to $4,999 farms reporting. 

$5,000 and over farms reporting. 



8,683 

22,222 

4,492 

2,238 

1,202 

502 

249 

5,534 

11,909 

3,466 

1,173 

563 

241 

91 

4,466 

10,313 

2,635 

980 

508 

192 

151 

4,217 

1,317 

3,149 

2,804 

15 

20 

61 

456 

550 

384 

680 

465 

91 

40 

42 

2,689 

35 

120 

247 

251 

393 

1,011 

358 

187 

51 

20 

16 

1,815 

10 

30 

93 

183 

648 

360 

207 

166 

11 

107 

2,412 



189 
168 
182 
920 

69 
748 

76 



620 

16,540 
26,154,558 
3,158 
2,526 
3,009 
2,050 
3,305 
1,549 
943 

7,857 

2,731 

1,940 

1,875 

736 

479 

83 

13 



4,536 

10,725 

2,364 

1,096 

699 

288 

89 

2,987 

5,722 

1,881 

597 

351 

132 

26 

2,255 

5,003 

1,351 

482 

277 

83 

62 

2,281 

706 

1,549 

1,539 

15 

10 

31 

221 

298 

223 

368 

262 

60 

26 

25 

1,458 

10 
70 
117 
136 
219 
522 
194 
128 



20 

55 

87 

265 

195 

111 

83 

5 

47 



101 
79 
85 

469 
32 

429 
26 



294 

8,460 

12,239,701 

1,427 

1,286 

1,585 

1,128 

1,699 

831 

504 

3,924 

1,216 

1,005 

973 

455 

247 

28 



1,836 

4,847 

846 

493 

307 

125 

65 

1,255 

2,566 

707 

325 

153 

48 

22 

933 

2,281 

539 

164 

123 

75 

32 

903 

352 

581 

551 

5 
10 
95 
82 

52 
161 
123 

7 

16 
578 



65 

50 
48 
273 
83 



5 
11 
46 
142 
53 
46 
37 



58 
61 
57 

275 
22 

102 



161 

2,937 
6,617,358 
320 
310 
534 
297 
756 
457 
263 

1,101 
295 
220 
327 

101 
96 
50 
12 



220 

2,248 

46 

44 
38 
52 
40 

199 
1,884 
67 
31 
21 
46 
34 
86 

364 
29 
23 
17 
7 
10 

134 
65 
21 



251 

3,141,810 

10 
10 
30 
36 
53 
112 



1,547 

3,250 

916 

440 

118 

36 

37 

956 

1,392 

696 

210 

33 

15 

2 

764 

1,858 

476 

171 

56 

26 

35 

783 

173 

591 

467 



15 
120 
130 
73 
72 
46 



35 
65 
65 
85 
126 
52 
25 
1 



5 
26 

45 
205 
81 

30 

35 

5 

20 



31 
L08 



3,078 
3,071,699 
445 
520 
675 
500 
694 
193 
51 

1,531 
380 
415 
480 
150 
101 
5 



ata are given by tenure of operator for commercial farms only 



MARYLAND 



133 



BY COLOR AND TENURE OF OPERATOR: CENSUS OF 1954 

Oct. 24-30. Data are based on reports for only a sample of farms. See text] 



(For definitions and explanations, see text) 



Tenure of operator 1 — Continued 



Tenants — Continued 



Share- 
cash 



Crop-share 



Livestock- 
share 



Croppers 



Other and 
unspecified 



Other farms 



Hired workers farms reporting., 

persons., 

1 hired worker , farms reporting.. 

2 hired workers farms reporting.. 

3 or 4 hired workers farms reporting.. 

5 to 9 hired workers farms reporting., 

10 hired workers or more farms reporting. , 

Regular workers ( to be employed 150 days or more) farms reporting., 

persons. . 

1 hired worker farms reporting. . 

2 hired workers farms reporting. . 

3 or 4 hired workers farms reporting. , 

5 to 9 hired workers farms reporting., 

10 hired workers or more farms reporting.. 

Seasonal workers (to be employed less than 150 days) farms reporting., 

persons. , 

1 hired worker farms reporting., 

2 hired workers farms reporting., 

3 or A hired workers farms reporting., 

5 to 9 hired workers farms reporting., 

10 hired workers or more farms reporting. , 

Regular hired workers and no seasonal hired workers farms reporting. 

Both regular and seasonal hired workers farms reporting.. 

Seasonal hired workers and no regular hired workers farms reporting., 

Paid on a monthlv basis farms reporting. 

Under $25 per month farms reporting. 

$25 to $34 per month farms reporting. 

$35 to $49 per month farms reporting. 

$50 to $84 per month farms reporting. 

$85 to $109 per month farms reporting. 

$110 to $129 per month farms reporting. 

$130 to $169 per month farms reporting . 

$170 to $214 per month farms reporting. 

$215 to $274 per month farms reporting. 

$275 to $324 per month farms reporting. 

$325 and over per month farms reporting. 

Paid on a weekly hasis farms reporting. 

Under $5 per week farms reporting. 

$5 to $7 per week 1 arms reporting. 

$8 to $11 per week farms reporting. 

$12 to $19 per week farms reporting. 

$20 to $24 per week farms reporting. 

$25 to $29 per week farms reporting. 

$30 to $39 per week farms reporting. 

$40 to $49 per week farms reporting. 

$50 to $59 per week farms reporting. 

$60 to $69 per week farms reporting. 

$70 to $79 per week farms reporting. 

$80 and over per week farms reporting. 

Paid on a daily basis farms reporting. 

$1 per day farms reporting. 

$2 per day farms reporting. 

$3 per day farms reporting. 

$4 per day farms reporting. 

$5 per day farms reporting. 

$6 per day farms reporting. 

$7 per day farms reporting. 

$6 per day farms reporting. 

$9 per day farms reporting. 

$10 and over per day farms reporting. 

Paid on an hourly basis. farms reporting. 

Under $0.25 per hour farms reporting. 

$0.25 to $0.34 per hour farms reporting. 

$0.35 to $0.44 per hour farms reporting. 

$0.45 to $0.54 per hour farms reporting. 

$0.55 to $0.64 per hour farms reporting. 

$0.65 to $0.74 per hour farms reporting. 

$0.75 to $0.84 per hour farms reporting. 

$0.85 to $0.99 per hour farms reporting. 

$1.00 to $1.14 per hour farms reporting. 

$1.15 to $1.29 per hour farms reporting. 

$1.30 to $1.44 per hour farms reporting. 

$1.45 and over per hour farms reporting. 

Paid on a piece-work basis farms reporting. 

Expenditures for hired labor in 1954 farms reporting. 

dollars. 

$1 to $99 farms reporting. 

$100 to $199 farms reporting. 

$200 to $499 farms reporting. 

$500 to $999 farms reporting. 

$1,000 to $2,499 farms reporting. 

$2,500 to $4,999 farms reporting. 

$5,000 and over farms reporting. 

Faras with expenditures for hired labor but no hired workers reported .. .farms reporting., 

$1 to $99 .farms reporting. 

$100 to $199 farms reporting., 

$200 to $499 farms reporting., 

$500 to $999 farms reporting., 

$1,000 to $2,499 farms reporting., 

$2,500 to $4,999 farms reporting.. 

$5,000 and over farms reporting.. 



76 
117 
40 



126 
98,458 
10 
15 
55 
20 
15 
11 

50 
10 
10 
25 
5 



724 

1,108 

471 

192 

46 

10 

5 

438 

541 

356 

66 

16 



336 

567 

205 

96 

20 

10 

5 

388 
50 

286 



10 
25 
105 
50 
25 
15 



25 

1,345 
968,880 
215 
240 
250 
260 
333 
46 
1 

621 

175 

200 

155 

50 

41 



138 
300 
55 
41 
31 
11 

103 
162 
60 
32 

11 



138 
36 
15 
5 
11 

71 
32 
35 



10 
10 

10 
1 



233 
283,965 
20 
40 
50 
15 
65 
35 
8 

95 
20 
30 
35 

5 

5 



138 
270 

70 
51 
16 



63 

147 

20 

41 

1 

1 
86 
123 
65 
10 
11 



588 
384,706 
95 
150 
150 
85 
81 
26 
1 

450 
95 
130 
130 
60 
35 



110 

420 

65 

25 

10 

10 

70 

115 



70 

305 

55 



10 
40 
30 
40 



5 

5 

5 

20 

5 



15 
5 



245 
391,640 
55 
15 
60 
40 
30 
30 
15 

135 
45 
5 
55 
20 



134 



STATISTICS FOR THE STATE 



State Table 9.-HIRED FARM LABOR AND WAGE RATES 

[Figures on number of workers and wage rates are for hired persons working the week of 



(For definitions and explanations, see text) 



Total 
all farms 
of white 
operators 



Tenure of operator 1 



Full 
owners 



Part 
owners 



Managers 



Mi red workers farms reporting. 

persons. 

1 hired worker farms reporting. 

2 hired workers farms reporting. 

3 or 4 hired workers farms reporting. 

5 to 9 hired workers farms reporting. 

10 hired workers or more farms reporting. 

Regular workers ( to be employed 150 days or more) farms reporting. 

persons. 

1 hired worker farms reporting. 

2 hired workers farms reporting . 

3 or 4 hired workers farms reporting, 

5 to 9 hired workers farms reporting. 

10 hired workers or more farms reporting . 

Seasonal workers (to be employed less than 150 days) farms reporting. 

persons. 

1 hired worker farms reporting. 

2 hired workers farms reporting. 

3 or 4 hired workers farms reporting. 

5 to 9 hired workers farms reporting. 

10 hired workers or more farms reporting. 

Regular hired workers and no seasonal hired workers farms reporting. 

Both regular and seasonal hired workers farms reporting. 

Seasonal hired workers and no regular hired workers farms reporting. 

Paid on a nonthly basis farms reporting. 

Under $25 per month farms reporting. 

$25 to $34 per month farms reporting. 

$35 to $49 per month farms reporting. 

$50 to $84 per month farms reporting. 

$85 to $109 per month farms reporting. 

$110 to $129 per month farms reporting. 

$130 to $169 per month farms reporting. 

$170 to $214 per month farms reporting. 

$215 to $274 per month farms reporting. 

$275 to $324 per month farms reporting . 

$325 and over per month farms reporting . 

Paid oo a weekly basis farms reporting. 

Under $5 per week farms reporting. 

$5 to $7 per week farms reporting. 

$8 to $11 per week farms reporting. 

$12 to $19 per week farms reporting. 

$20 to $24 per week farms reporting. 

$25 to $29 per week farms reporting. 

$30 to $39 per week farms reporting. 

$40 to $49 per week farms reporting. 

$50 to $59 per week farms reporting. 

$60 to $69 per week farms reporting. 

$70 to $79 per week farms reporting. 

$80 and over per week farms reporting., 

Paid oo a daily basis farms reporting. 

$1 per day farms reporting. 

$2 per day farms reporting. 

$3 per day farms reporting. 

$4 per day farms reporting. 

$5 per day farms reporting. 

$6 per day farms reporting.. 

$7 per day farms reporting. , 

$8 per day farms reporting., 

$9 per day farms reporting., 

$10 and over per day farms reporting., 

Poid oo ao hourly basis farms reporting., 

Under $0.25 per hour farms reporting.. 

$0.25 to $0.34 per hour farms reporting.. 

$0.35 to $0.44 per hour farms reporting.. 

$0.45 to $0.54 per hour farms reporting.. 

$0.55 to $0.64 per hour farms reporting.. 

$0.65 to $0.74 per hour farms reporting.. 

$0.75 to $0.84 per hour farms reporting.. 

$0.85 to $0.99 per hour farms reporting.. 

$1.00 to $1.14 per hour farms reporting.. 

$1.15 to $1.29 per hour farms reporting.. 

$1.30 to $1.44 per hour farms reporting.. 

$1.45 and over per hour farms reporting.. 

Paid oo a piece-work basis farms reporting.. 

Expenditures for hired labor in 1954 farms reporting.. 

dollars.. 

$1 to $99 farms reporting. . 

$100 to $199 farms reporting.. 

$200 to $499 farms reporting. . 

$500 to $999 farms reporting.. 

$1,000 to $2,499 farms reporting.. 

$2,500 to $4,999 farms reporting.. 

$5,000 and over farms reporting.. 

Farms with expenditures for hired labor but no hired workers reported. ■ .farms reporting.. 

$1 to $99 farms reporting.. 

$100 to $199 farnE reporting. . 

$200 to $499 farms reporting.. 

$500 to $999 farns reporting.. 

$1,000 to $2,499 farms reporting.. 

$2,500 to $4,999 farm£ , reporting.. 

$5,000 and over farms reporting.. 



8,468 

21,812 

4,397 

2,153 

1,182 

487 

249 

5,474 

11,839 

3,416 

1,163 

563 

241 

91 

4,296 

9,973 

2,565 

910 

493 

177 

151 

4,172 

1,302 

2,994 

2,779 

10 

20 

56 

446 

550 

384 

680 

460 

91 

40 

42 



35 

120 

247 

246 

373 

986 

358 

187 

51 

20 

16 

1,735 

10 

30 

93 

173 

598 

360 

202 

156 

11 

102 

2.347 



189 
158 
172 
895 

69 
728 

76 



605 

15,320 
25,808,438 
2,693 
2,201 
2,774 
1,925 
3,250 
1,534 
943 

6,852 

2,291 

1,660 

1,695 

651 

464 

78 

13 



4,461 

10,595 

2,334 

1,061 

689 

288 

89 

2,957 

5,682 

1,861 

587 

351 

132 

26 

2,210 

4,913 

1,341 

457 

267 

83 

62 

2,251 

706 

1,504 

1,529 

10 

10 

31 

221 

298 

223 

368 

257 

60 

26 

25 

1,438 

io 

70 

117 

136 

204 

517 

194 

128 

42 

15 

5 



20 

55 

82 

250 

195 

111 

78 

5 

47 

1,236 



101 
74 
75 

469 
32 

419 
26 



294 

8,140 

12,124,876 

1,337 

1,196 

1,535 

1,073 

1,664 

831 

504 

3,679 
1,131 
925 
938 
420 
237 
28 



1,791 

4,787 

816 

478 

307 

125 

65 

1,235 

2,546 

687 

325 

153 

48 

22 

898 

2,241 

509 

159 

123 

75 

32 

893 

342 

556 

541 

5 

5 

90 

82 

52 

161 

123 

7 



10 
15 
65 
50 
48 
258 
83 
22 
6 



5 
11 
46 
132 
53 
46 
37 

35 

565 



58 
61 
57 

260 
22 

102 
5 



156 

2,752 
6,518,933 
250 
265 
494 
292 
746 
442 
263 

961 
225 

180 

307 
101 
91 
45 
12 



220 
2,248 
46 
44 
38 
52 
40 

199 
1,884 
67 
31 
21 
46 
34 
86 

364 
29 
23 
17 
7 
10 

134 
65 
21 

134 



251 
3,141,810 

10 
10 
30 
36 
53 
112 



1,477 

3,070 

891 

420 

108 

21 

37 

946 

1,382 

686 

210 

33 

15 

2 

699 

1,688 

456 

146 

51 

11 

35 

778 

168 

531 



115 
130 
73 
72 



35 

65 
60 
80 
126 
52 
25 
1 



5 
26 
40 
180 
81 
30 
30 

5 
15 



15 
20 

31 
103 

130 
15 



70 

2,623 
2,963,004 
310 
395 
545 
445 
684 
193 
51 

1,146 
255 

315 
360 

110 

101 

5 



180 
35 
40 
80 
10 
15 



1 Data are given by tenure of operator for commercial farms only. 



MARYLAND 



135 



BY COLOR AND TENURE OF OPERATOR: CENSUS OF 1954- Continued 

Oct. 24-30. Data are based on reports for only a sample of farms. See tex 



(For definitions and explanations, see text) 



Tenure of operator 1 — Continued 



Tenants — Continued 



Share- 
cash 



Crop-share 



Livestock- 
share 



Croppers 



Other and 
unspecified 



Other farms 



Hired workers farms reporting. 

persons. 

1 hired worker farms reporting. 

2 hired workers farms reporting. 

3 or 4 hired workers farms reporting. 

5 to 9 hired workers farms reporting. 

10 hired workers or more farms reporting. 

Regular workers (to be employed 150 days or more) farms reporting. 

persons. 

1 hired worker farms reporting. 

2 hired workers ..farms reporting. 

3 or 4 hired workers farms reporting. 

5 to 9 hired workers farms reporting. 

10 hired workers or more farms reporting. 

Seasonal workers (to be employed less than 150 days) farms reporting. 

persons. 

1 hired worker farms reporting. 

2 hired workers farms reporting. 

3 or 4 hired workers ■ farms reporting. 

5 to 9 hired workers farms reporting. 

10 hired workers or more farms reporting. 

Regular hired workers and no seasonal hired workers farms reporting. 

Both regular and seasonal hired workers farms reporting. 

Seasonal hired workers and no regular hired workers farms reporting. 

Paid on a monthly basis farms reporting, 

Under $25 per month farms reporting, 

$25 to $34 per month farms reporting. 

$35 to $49 per month farms reporting, 

$50 to $84 per month farms reporting, 

$85 to $109 per month farms reporting. 

$110 to $129 per month farms reporting. 

$130 to $169 per month farms reporting. 

$170 to $214 per month farms reporting. 

$215 to $274 per month farms reporting. 

$275 to $324 per month farms reporting, 

$325 and over per month farms reporting, 

Paid on a weekly basis farms reporting, 

Under $5 per week farms reporting, 

$5 to $7 per week farms reporting. 

$8 to $11 per week farms reporting. 

$12 to $19 per week farms reporting, 

$20 to $24 per week farms reporting. 

$25 to $29 per week farms reporting, 

$30 to $39 per week farms reporting, 

$40 to $49 per week farms reporting, 

$50 to $59 per week farms reporting, 

$60 to $69 per week farms reporting, 

$70 to $79 per week farms reporting. 

$80 and over per week farms reporting 

Paid on a daily basis farms reporting 

$1 per day farms reporting 

$2 per day farms reporting 

$3 per day farms reporting 

$4 per day farms reporting 

$5 per day farms reporting 

$6 per day farms reporting 

$7 per day farms reporting 

$8 per day farms reporting 

$9 per day farms reporting 

$10 and over per day farms reporting 

Paid on an hourly basis. farms reporting 

Under $0.25 per hour farms reporting 

$0.25 to $0.34 per hour farms reporting 

$0.35 to $0.44 per hour farms reporting. 

$0.45 to $0.54 per hour farms reporting, 

$0.55 to $0.64 per hour farms reporting 

$0.65 to $0.74 per hour farms reporting 

$0.75 to $0.84 per hour farms reporting 

$0.85 to $0.99 per hour farms reporting 

$1.00 to $1.14 per hour farms reporting. 

$1.15 to $1.29 per hour farms reporting. 

$1.30 to $1.44 per hour farms reporting. 

$1.45 and over per hour farms reporting. 

Paid on a piece-work bBsis. .farms reporting. 

Expenditures for hired labor in 1954 farms reporting, 

dollars, 

$1 to $99 farms reporting, 

$100 to $199 farms reporting. 

$200 to $499 farms reporting, 

$500 to $999 farms reporting, 

$1,000 to $2,499 farms reporting. 

$2,500 to $4,999 farms reporting. 

$5,000 and over farms reporting. 

Farns with expenditures for hired labor but no hired workers reported .. .farms reporting. 

$1 to $99 farms reporting. 

$100 to $199 farms reporting. 

$200 to $499 farms reporting. 

$500 to $999 farms reporting. 

$1,000 to $2,499 farms reporting. 

$2,500 to $4,999 farms reporting. 

$5,000 and over farms reporting. 



76 
117 
40 
31 
5 



121 
97,283 
10 
15 
50 
20 
15 
11 

45 

10 

10 

20 

5 



694 

1,043 

456 

182 

46 

5 

5 

438 

541 

356 

66 

16 



306 

502 

190 

86 

20 

5 

5 

388 

50 

256 



15 



1,200 

937,370 

150 

205 

215 

255 

328 

46 

1 

506 

120 

165 

130 

50 

41 



123 
235 

55 
41 
26 



98 
157 
55 
32 
11 



218 

275,465 

20 

30 

50 

15 

60 

35 

8 

95 

20 

30 

35 

5 

5 



118 

225 

65 

41 

11 

1 

63 

147 

20 

41 

1 

1 
66 
78 
60 



333 

324, 5% 

45 

70 

70 

40 

81 

26 

1 

215 

45 

65 

50 

20 

35 



110 

420 

65 

25 

10 

10 
70 
115 
45 
15 



70 

305 

55 



10 
40 
30 
40 



15 
5 
5 



5 
5 
5 

5 

20 

5 



15 

215 

387,240 

35 

15 

50 

40 

30 

30 

15 

105 

25 

5 

45 

20 

5 

5 



136 



STATISTICS FOR THE STATE 

State Table 9.-HIRED FARM LABOR AND WAGE RATES 

[Figures on number of workers and wage rates are for hired persons working the week of 



(For definitions and explanations, see text) 



Total 

all farms 

of nonwhite 

operators 



Tenure of operator 1 



Full 

owners 



Part 
owners 



Managers 



Hired workers farms reporting, 

persons. 

1 hired worker farms reporting. 

2 hired workers farms reporting. 

3 or 4 hired workers farms reporting . 

5 to 9 hired workers farms reporting. 

10 hired workers or more farms reporting. 

Regular workers (to be employed 150 days or more) farms reporting. 

persons. 

1 hired worker farms reporting. 

2 hired workers farms reporting. 

3 or 4 hired workers farms reporting. 

5 to 9 hired workers farms reporting. 

10 hired workers or more farms reporting. 

Seasonal workers (to be employed less than 150 days) farms reporting. 

persons. 

1 hired worker farms reporting. 

2 hired workers farms reporting. 

3 or4 hired workers farms reporting. 

5 to 9 hired workers farms reporting. 

10 hired workers or more farms reporting. 

Regular hired workers and no seasonal hired workers farms reporting. 

Both regular and seasonal hired workers farms reporting. 

Seasonal hired workers and no regular hired workers farms reporting. 

Paid on a nonthly basis farms reporting. 

Under $25 per month farms reporting. 

$25 to $34 per month farms reporting. 

$35 to $49 per month farms reporting. 

$50 to $84 per month farms reporting. 

$85 to $109 per month farms reporting. 

$110 to $129 per month farms reporting. 

$130 to $169 per month farms reporting. 

$170 to $214 per month farms reporting. 

$215 to $274 per month farms reporting. 

$275 to $324 per month farms reporting. 

$325 and over per month farms reporting. 

Paid on a weekly basis farms reporting. 

Under $5 per week farms reporting. 

$5 to $7 per week farms reporting. 

$3 to $11 per week farms reporting. 

$12 to $19 per week farms reporting . 

$20 to $24 per week farms reporting. 

$25 to $29 per week farms reporting . 

$30 to $39 per week farms reporting. 

$40 to $49 per week farms reporting. 

$50 to $59 per week farms reporting. 

$60 to $69 per week farms reporting. 

$70 to $79 per week farms reporting. 

$80 and over per week farms reporting. 

Paid on a daily basis farms reporting. 

$1 per day farms reporting. 

$2 per day farms reporting. 

$3 per day farms reporting. 

$4 per day farms reporting. 

$5 per day farms reporting. 

$6 per day farms reporting. 

$7 per day farms reporting. 

$8 per day farms reporting. 

$9 per day farms reporting. 

$10 and over per day farms reporting. 

Paid on an hourly basis farms reporting. 

Under $0.25 per hour farms reporting. 

$0.25 to $0.34 per hour farms reporting. 

$0.35 to $0.44 per hour farms reporting. 

$0.45 to $0.54 per hour farms reporting. 

$0.55 to $0.64 per hour farms reporting. 

$0.65 to $0.74 per hour farms reporting. 

$0.75 to $0.84 per hour farms reporting. 

$0.85 to $0.99 per hour farms reporting. 

$1.00 to $1.14 per hour farms reporting. 

$1.15 to $1.29 per hour farms reporting. 

$1.30 to $1.44 per hour farms reporting. 

$1.45 and over per hour farms reporting. 

Paid on a piece-work basis ...farms reporting. 

Expenditures for hired labor in 1954 farms reporting. 

dollars. 

$1 to $99 farms reporting. 

$100 to $199 farms reporting. 

$200 to $499 farms reporting. 

$500 to $999 farms reporting. 

$1,000 to $2,499 farms reporting. 

$2,500 to $4,999 farms reporting. 

$5,000 and over farms reporting. 

Farms with expenditures for hired labor but no hired workers reported- . .farms reporting. 

$1 to $99 farms reporting . 

$100 to $199 farms reporting. 

$200 to $499 : farms reporting. 

$500 to $999 ' farms reporting. 

$1,000 to $2,499 farms reporting. 

$2,500 to $4,999 farms reporting. 

$5,000 and over farms reporting. 

1 Data are given by tenure of operator for commercial farms only. 



215 
410 



170 
340 
70 
70 
15 
15 



15 
155 



75 
130 

30 



1,220 


320 


185 


346,120 


114,825 


98,425 


465 


90 


70 


325 


9C 


45 


235 


5C 


40 


125 


55 


5 


55 


35 


10 


15 




15 


1,005 


245 


140 


440 


85 


70 


280 


80 


40 


180 


35 


20 


85 


35 




15 


10 


5 


5 




5 



70 

180 

25 

20 
10 
15 

10 
10 
10 



65 

170 

20 

25 

5 



10 

455 

108,695 

135 

125 

130 

55 

10 



385 
125 
100 
120 
40 



MARYLAND 

BY COLOR AND TENURE OF OPERATOR: CENSUS OF 1954-Continued 

4-30. Data are bated on reports for only a sample of farms. See text] 



137 



(For definitions and explanations, see text) 



Tenure of operator 1 — Continued 



Tenants — Continued 



Share- 
cash 



Crop-share 



Livestock- 
share 



Croppers 



Other farms 



Other and 
unspecified 



Hired worker f arms reporting. . 

persons. . 

1 hired worker farms reporting.. 

2 hired workers farms reporting.. 

3 or 4 hired workers farms reporting.. 

5 to 9 hired workers farms reporting.. 

10 hired workers or more farms reporting.. 

Regular workers (to be employed 130 days or more) farms reporting.. 

persons . . 

1 hired worker farms reporting.. 

2 hired workers farms reporting. . 

3 or 4 hired workers farms reporting.. 

5 to 9 hired workers farms reporting.. 

10 hired workers or more farms reporting.. 

Seasonal workers (to be employed less than 150 days) farms reporting.. 

persons.. 

1 hired worker farms reporting. . 

2 hired workers farms reporting.. 

3 or 4 hired workers farms reporting.. 

5 to 9 hired workers farms reporting.. 

10 hired workers or more farms reporting. . 

Regular hired workers and no seasonal hired workers farms reporting.. 

Both regular and seasonal hired workers farms reporting . . 

Seasonal hired workers and no regular hired workers farms reporting.. 

Paid on a nmlhK basis farms reporting.. 

Under $25 per month farms reporting. . 

$25 to $34 per month farms reporting.. 

$35 to $49 per month farms reporting. . 

$50 to $84 per month farms reporting. . 

$85 to $109 per month farms reporting.. 

$110 to $129 per month farms reporting.. 

$130 to $169 per month farms reporting., 

$170 to $214 per month farms reporting. , 

$215 to $274 per month farms reporting. , 

$275 to $324 per month farms reporting. , 

$325 and over per month farms reporting., 

Paid on a weekly basis farms reporting. 

Under $5 per week farms reporting. 

$5 to $7 per week larms reporting. 

$8 to $11 per week farms reporting. 

$12 to $19 per week farms reporting. 

$20 to $24 per week farms reporting. 

$25 to $29 per week farms reporting. 

$30 to $39 per week farms reporting. 

$40 to $49 per week farms reporting. 

$50 to $59 per week farms reporting. 

$60 to $69 per week farms reporting. 

$70 to $79 per week farms reporting. 

$80 and over per week farms reporting. 

Paid on a daily basis farms reporting. 

$1 per day farms reporting. 

$2 per day farms reporting. 

$3 per day farms reporting. 

$4 per day farms reporting. 

$5 per day farms reporting. 

$6 per day farms reporting. 

$7 per day farms reporting. 

$8 per day farms reporting. 

$9 per day farms reporting. 

$10 and over per day farms reporting. 

Paid on an hourly basia. farms reporting. 

Under $0.25 per hour farms reporting. 

$0.25 to $0.34 per hour farms reporting. 

$0.35 to $0.44 per hour farms reporting. 

$0.45 to $0.54 per hour farms reporting. 

$0.55 to $0.64 per hour farms reporting. 

$0.65 to $0.74 per hour farms reporting. 

$0.75 to $0.84 per hour farms reporting. 

$0.85 to $0.99 per hour farms reporting. 

$1.00 to $1.14 per hour farms reporting. 

$1.15 to $1.29 per hour farms reporting. 

$1.30 to $1.44 per hour farms reporting. 

$1.45 and over per hour farms reporting. 

Paid on a piece-work basis farms reporting. 

Expenditures for hired labor in 1954 farms reporting. 

dollars. 

$1 to $99 farms reporting. 

$100 to $199 farms reporting. 

$200 to $499 farms reporting. 

$500 to $999 farms reporting. 

$1,000 to $2,499 farms reporting. 

$2,500 to $4,999 farms reporting. 

$5,000 and over farms reporting. 

Faras with expenditures for hired labor but no hired workers reported .. .farms reporting. 

$1 to $99 farms reporting. 

$100 to $199 farms reporting. 

$200 to $499 farms reporting. 

$500 to $999 farms reporting. 

$1,000 to $2,499 farms reporting. 

$2,500 to $4,999 farms reporting. 

$5,000 and over farms reporting. 



5 
1,175 



10 

145 

31,510 

65 

35 

35 

5 

5 



115 
55 

35 
25 



25 

40 

10 
15 



25 

40 
10 
15 



15 
8,500 



255 
60,110 
50 
80 
80 
45 



235 

50 
65 



30 

4,400 

20 



30 
2C 



5 
10 



260 
24,175 

170 
65 
15 
10 



235 

160 
60 



138 



STATISTICS FOR THE STATE 

State Table 10-HIRED FARM LABOR AND WAGE RATES 

[Figures on number of workers and wage rates are for hired persons working the week of 



(For definitions and explanations, see text) 



Total 

all 
farms 



Type of farm 



Cash-grain 



Other 
field-crop 



Vegetable 



Fruit-and- 
nut 



Hired workers farms reporting. 

persons. 

1 hired worker farms reporting. 

2 hired workers farms reporting. 

3 or 4 hired workers farms reporting. 

5 to 9 hired workers farms reporting. 

10 hired workers or more ....farms reporting. 

Regular workers ( to be employed 150 days or more) farms reporting. 

persons. 

1 hired worker farms reporting. 

2 hired workers farms reporting. 

3 or 4 hired workers farms reporting. 

5 to 9 hired workers farms reporting. 

10 hired workers or more farms reporting. 

Seasonal workers (to be employed less than 150 days) farms reporting. 

persons. 

1 hired worker farms reporting. 

2 hired workers farms reporting. 

3 or 4 hired workers farms reporting. 

5 to 9 hired workers farms reporting. 

10 hired workers or more farms reporting. 

Regular hired workers and no seasonal hired workers farms reporting. 

Both regular and seasonal hired workers farms reporting. 

Seasonal hired workers and no regular hired workers farms reporting. 

Paid on a mom lily basis ....farms reporting. 

Under $25 per month farms reporting. 

$25 to $34 per month farms reporting. 

$35 to $49 per month farms reporting. 

$50 to $84 per month farms reporting. 

$85 to $109 per month farms reporting. 

$110 to $129 per month farms reporting. 

$130 to $169 per month farms reporting. 

$170 to $214 per month farms reporting. 

$215 to $274 per month farms reporting. 

$275 to $324 per month farms reporting. 

$325 and over per month farms reporting. 

Paid on a weekly basis farms reporting. 

Under $5 per week farms reporting. 

$5 to $7 per week farms reporting. 

$8 to $11 per week farms reporting. 

$12 to $19 per week farms reporting. 

$20 to $24 per week farms reporting. 

$25 to $29 per week farms reporting. 

$30 to $39 per week farms reporting. 

$40 to $49 per week farms reporting. 

$50 to $59 per week farms reporting. 

$60 to $69 per week farms reporting. 

$70 to $79 per week farms reporting. 

$80 and over per week farms reporting . 

Paid on a daily basis farms reporting. 

$1.00 per day farms reporting. 

$2.00 per day farms reporting. 

$3.00 per day farms reporting. 

$4.00 per day farms reporting. 

$5.00 per day farms reporting. 

$6.00 per day farms reporting. 

$7.00 per day farms reporting. 

$8.00 per day farms reporting. 

$9.00 per day farms reporting. 

$10.00 and over per day farms reporting. 

Paid on an hourly basis farms reporting. 

Under $0.25 per hour farms reporting. 

$0.25 to $0.34 per hour farms reporting. 

$0.35 to $0.44 per hour farms reporting. 

$0.45 to $0.54 per hour farms reporting. 

$0.55 to $0.64 per hour farms reporting. 

$0.65 to $0.74 per hour farms reporting. 

$0.75 to $0.84 per hour farms reporting. 

$0.85 to $0.99 per hour farms reporting. 

$1.00 to $1.14 per hour farms reporting. 

$1.15 to $1.29 per hour farms reporting. 

$1.30 to $1.44 per hour farms reporting. 

$1.45 and over per hour farms reporting. 

Paid on a piece-work basis.... farms reporting. 

Expenditures for hired labor in 1954 farms reporting. 

dollars. 

$1 to $99 farms reporting. 

$100 to $199 farms reporting.. 

$200 to $499 farms reporting., 

$500 to $999. ,. farms reporting. . 

$1,000 to $2,499 farms reporting., 

$2,500 to $4,999 farms reporting.. 

$5,000 and over farms reporting.. 

Fares with expenditures for hired labor but no hired workers reported. . .farms reporting.. 

$1 to $99 farms reporting., 

$100 to $199 farms reporting. , 

$200 to $499 farms reporting. . 

$500 to $999 farms reporting . . 

$1,000 to $2,499 farms reporting.. 

$2,500 to $4,999 farms reporting.. 

$5,000 and over farms reporting.. 



8,683 

22,222 

4,492 

2,238 

1,202 

502 

249 

5,534 

11,909 

3,466 

1,173 

563 

241 

91 

4,466 

10,313 

2,635 

980 

508 

192 

151 

4,217 

1,317 

3,149 

2,804 

15 

20 

61 

456 

550 

384 

680 

465 

91 

40 

42 

2,689 

35 

120 

247 

251 

393 

1,011 

358 

187 

51 

20 

16 

1,815 

10 

30 

93 

183 

648 

360 

207 

166 

11 

107 



189 
168 
182 
920 

69 
748 

76 



889 

1,706 

485 

246 

121 

25 

12 

458 

693 

285 

139 

29 

1 

536 

1,013 

350 

93 

66 

16 

11 

353 

105 

431 



25 
21 
52 
241 
6 
61 



16,540 


1 


."'" 


26,154,558 


1,769 


, 


3,158 




' 


2,526 




27] 


3,009 




397 


2,050 




192 


3,305 




887 


1,549 




158 


943 




60 


7,857 




846 


2,731 




315 


1,940 




205 


1,875 




211 


736 




66 


479 




48 


83 




1 



1,179 

2,872 

540 

276 

225 

103 

35 

623 

1,096 

376 

131 

85 

31 

752 

1,776 

365 

180 

140 

47 

20 

427 

196 

556 



270 
1,971 
81 
55 
60 
13 
61 

149 

669 
66 
20 
25 
17 
21 

182 
1,302 
61 
25 
40 
6 
50 
88 
61 

121 



1? 




15 


5 


70 


5 


250 


20 


95 


10 


46 




• .: 


5 


5 




25 





3,235 


536 


2,774,695 


2,405,799 


545 


85 


635 


75 


825 


60 


485 


55 


441 


116 


208 


46 


96 


99 


2,056 


266 


515 


75 


530 


60 


610 


40 


225 


25 


150 


30 


21 


35 


5 


1 



25 
2 
83 
1,021 
16 
15 

15 



5 
26 



6 
5 
11 



179 
1,134,235 

25 
35 
40 
25 
6 



25 

15 

15 

5 



MARYLAND 



139 



BY TYPE OF FARM: CENSUS OF 1954 



are based on reports f 



>r only a sample of farms. See text] 



(For definitions and explanations, see text) 



Type of farm — Continued 



Dairy 



Poultry 



Livestock 

other than 

dairy and 

poultry 



Primarily Primarily 
crop livestock 



Crop and 
livestock 



Miscel- 
laneous 
and un- 
classified 



Hired workers farms reporting. 

persons. 

1 hired worker farms reporting. 

2 hired workers farms reporting . 

3 or 4 hired workers farms reporting. 

5 to 9 hired workers farms reporting. 

10 hired workers or more farms reporting. 

Ilegular workers (to be employed 150 days or more) farms reporting. 

persons. 

1 hired worker farms reporting. 

2 hired workers farms reporting. 

3 or 4 hired workers farms reporting. 

5 to 9 hired workers farms reporting. 

10 hired workers or more farms reporting. 

Seasonal workers (to be employed less than 150 days) farms reporting. 

persons. 

1 hired worker farms reporting. 

2 hired workers farms reporting. 

3 or 4 hired workers farms reporting. 

5 to 9 hired workers farms reporting. 

10 hired workers or more farms reporting. 

Regular hired workers and no seasonal hired workers farms reporting. 

Both regular and seasonal hired workers farms reporting. 

Seasonal hired workers and no regular hired workers farms reporting. 

Paid on a monthly basis farms reporting. 

Under $25 per month farms reporting. 

$25 to $34 per month farms reporting. 

$35 to $49 per month farms reporting. 

$50 to $84 per month farms reporting. 

$85 to $109 per month farms reporting. 

$110 to $129 per month farms reporting. 

$130 to $169 per month farms reporting. 

$170 to $214 per month farms reporting. 

$215 to $274 per month farms reporting. 

$275 to $324 per month farms reporting. 

$325 and over per month farms reporting. 

Paid on a weekly basis farms reporting. 

Under $5 per week farms reporting. 

$5 to $7 per week farms reporting. 

$8 to $11 per week farms reporting. 

$12 to $19 per week farms reporting. 

$20 to $24 per week farms reporting. 

$25 to $29 per week farms reporting. 

$30 to $39 per week farms reporting. 

$40 to $49 per week farms reporting. 

$50 to $59 per week farms reporting. 

$60 to $69 per week farms reporting. 

$70 to $79 per week farms reporting. 

$80 and over per week. farms reporting. 

Paid on a daily basis farms reporting. 

$1.00 per day farms reporting. 

$2.00 per day farms reporting. 

$3.00 per day farms reporting. 

$4.00 per day farms reporting. 

$5.00 per day farms reporting. 

$6.00 per day farms reporting. 

$7.00 per day farms reporting. 

$8.00 per day farms reporting. 

$9.00 per day farms reporting. 

$10.00 and over per day farms reporting. 

Paid on an hourly basis. .............................................. ..farms reporting. 

Under $0.25 per hour. farms reporting. 

$0.25 to $0.34 per hour farms reporting. 

$0.35 to $0.44 per hour farms reporting. 

$0.45 to $0.54 per hour farms reporting. 

$0.55 to $0.64 per hour farms reporting. 

$0.65 to $0.74 per hour farms reporting. 

$0.75 to $0.84 per hour farms reporting. 

$0.85 to $0.99 per hour farms reporting. 

$1.00 to $1.14 per hour farms reporting. 

$1.15 to $1.29 per hour farms reporting. 

$1.30 to $1.44 per hour farms reporting. 

$1.45 and over per hour farms reporting. 

Paid on a piece-work basis.. .....farms reporting. 

Expenditures for hired labor in 1954 farms reporting. 

dollars. 

$1 to $99 farms reporting. 

$100 to $199 farms reporting.. 

$200 to $499 Carns reporting., 

$500 to $999 ram s reporting., 

$1,000 to $2,499 fa r„s reporting.. 

$2,500 to $4,999 faros reporting.. 

$5,000 and over farms reporting.. 

Farias with expenditures for hired labor but no hired workers reported. . .farms reporting.. 

$1 to $99 farms reporting.. 

$100 to $199 farms reporting.. 

$200 to $499 farms reporting.. 

$500 to $999 farms reporting.. 

$1,000 to $2,499 farms reporting.. 

$2,500 to $4,999 farms reporting.. 

$5,000 and over farms reporting.. 



3,272 

6,108 

1,765 

923 

396 

180 

8 

2,421 

3,976 

1,550 

554 

236 

77 

4 

1,365 

2,132 

905 

306 

HI 

42 

1 

1,907 

514 

851 

1,628 

10 

10 

35 

265 

380 

20! 

409 

219 

46 

26 

20 

1,102 

5 

45 

115 

120 

147 

436 

124 

60 

25 

20 

5 

474 

5 

10 

31 

61 

150 
92 
70 
35 



75 
42 

45 
143 

10 
280 

15 



140 

4,747 
7,999,855 
480 
520 
650 
630 

1,501 
662 
304 



595 
1,343 

357 

112 

81 

30 

15 

342 

735 

234 

51 

36 

12 

9 

295 

608 

ISO 

60 

33 

17 

5 

300 

42 

253 

103 
5 



5 
18 

4 
135 

7 
32 

5 



1,147 

1,636,344 

240 

160 

253 

142 

172 

110 

70 

552 

195 

125 

133 

55 

31 

6 

7 



875 

1,852 

444 

208 

167 

47 

9 

684 

1,296 

425 

139 

84 

27 

9 

365 

556 

256 

62 

42 

5 

510 
174 
191 



6 
31 
36 
67 
95 
107 
19 



5 
10 
15 
21 
26 
183 
52 
20 



5 

6 

22 

37 

15 

128 

5 



31 

1,466 
2,501,389 
190 
185 
278 
171 
358 
190 
94 

591 
160 
165 

161 
70 
35 



169 

520 

82 

47 

13 

20 

7 

93 

202 

58 

17 

16 

2 

104 
318 
55 
21 
3 
20 
5 
65 
28 
76 



20 



319 
497,230 
65 
50 
40 
50 
68 
21 
25 

150 
50 
40 
25 
10 
25 



91 

221 

60 

20 
5 



71 

181 

60 



201 
365 ,325 
45 
35 
35 
20 
45 
15 
6 

110 
40 
25 
30 
15 



523 

1,153 

280 

141 

56 

37 

9 

342 

616 

235 

66 

16 

22 

3 

267 

537 

146 

71 

32 

13 

5 

256 

86 

181 



25 

953 
1,282,926 
155 
165 
195 
160 
151 
76 
51 

430 
130 

125 

115 

40 

15 



2,022 
3,787,760 
983 
405 
241 
105 
141 
57 
90 



140 



STATISTICS FOR THE STATE 

State Table ll.-DATE OF ENUMERATION: CENSUSES OF 1954, 1950, AND 1945 

[Data are based on reports for only a sample of farms. See text] 



Census of 1954 

data— November 



Maryland 



Census of 1950 
Census date — April 1 



Approximate average date of enumeriil inn . 



Percent of tarns enumerated during — 
October 1 to 9 



October 10 to 16... 
October 17 to 23.. 
October 24 to 31.. 
November 1 to 6.. .. 
November 7 to 13. . 
November 14 to 20. 
November 21 to 27. 
November 28 to 30. 
December 1 to 4... 
December 5 to 11.. 
December 12 to 18. 
December 19 to 25. 
December 26 to 31. 
" Less than 0.5. 



Nov. 21-Nov. 27 

(Z) 
(Z) 

(Z) 

6 
20 
23 
16 



Approximate average date of enumeration. 



Apr. 15-Apr. 



Percent of farms enumerated during— 
April 14 and earlier 



April 15 to 28...... 

April 29 to May 12. 
May 13 to June 2 . . . 
June 3 and later... 



26 
13 



Census of 1945 
Census date — January 1 



Approximate average date of enumeration 

Percent of enumeration districts enumerated during 

January 1 to 15 

January 16 to 31 



February 1 to 15. . 
February 16 to 28. 



Apr. 1-Apr. 15 



10 
6 



March 1 to 31. 
April 1 to 30. 



May 1 to 31 

June 1 and later. 



19 

19 



17 
18 



MARYLAND 



141 



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142 



STATISTICS FOR THE STATE 



State Table 13.-LIVESTOCK AND LIVESTOCK PRODUCTS: CENSUSES OF 1920 TO 1954 



[Data 


for number of livestock not fully comparable for 


,he several censuses. See State Table 12 and 


text] 
















Census 


of— 








Item 
(For definitions and explanations 


see text) 


1954 
(November) 


1950 
(April 1) 


1945 
( January l) 


1940 
(April l) 


1935 
( January 1) 


1930 
(April 1) 


1925 
(January l) 


1920 

( January l) 


Total lulu of specified classes of livesto 




63,105,941 


71,681,769 


53,669,268 


31,337,334 


25,237,083 


43,303,575 


32,454,526 


47,501,464 


Cattle and dairy products: 


..farms reporting.. 


21,611 
510,878 


24,298 
430,542 


28,376 
390,305 


29,053 
298,439 


33,241 
307,432 


31,740 
318,779 


(NA) 
272,509 


38,619 




number . . 


283,377 




value.. dollars.. 


51,519,683 


59,639,355 


36,638,898 


15,759,277 


9,770,068 


22,143,823 


13,474,770 


20,363,801 


Cows, including heifers that 


..farms reporting.. 


19,605 
271,482 


22,996 
233,377 


26,589 
241,147 


27,477 
192,916 


32,454 
197,792 


(NA) 
168,632 


(NA) 
191,741 


(NA) 




number . . 


172,368 




value. .dollars.. 


35,835,624 


44,751,865 


28,977,591 


12,281,903 


7,713,888 


15,823,812 


10,885,764 


14,200,968 




..farms reporting.. 


17,152 
219,208 


21,415 
204,124 


(NAJ 
(NA) 


27,154 
184,703 


(NA) 
(NA) 


29,943 
164,434 


33,272 

172,581 


35, 113 




number. . 


161,972 




..farms reporting.. 


(NA) 


11,722 


14,422 


15,961 


(NA) 


21,047 


(NA) 


(NA) 




dollars. . 


l 55,818,000 


47,218,262 


32,297,330 


15,306,093 


(NA) 


18,715,877 


(NA) 


12,166,328 




..faims reporting.. 


7,652 
1,247,259,800 


8,821 
970,262,032 


10,245 
844,628,678 


10,691 
664,656,796 


(NA) 
(NA) 


12,452 
559,688,963 


(NA) 
369,651,426 


9,125 




pounds • • 


256,649,026 




dollars. . 
..farms rer,orti.-ip. . 


55,435,781 

1,284 

788,732 


46,553,246 

2,050 

927,480 


2 31,657,642 

2,040 

908,662 


2 14,860,366 

2,126 

1,070,515 


(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 


17,088,913 
(NA) 
(NA) 


(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 


9,528,506 
(NA) 


pounds of butterfat. . 


(NA) 




dollars. . 


382,219 


490,713 


2 405, 992 


2 214,972 


(NA) 


674,661 


(NA) 


628,279 


Butter, buttermilk, skim milk, 


..farms reporting.. 


(NA) 
(NA) 


1,347 
174,303 


3 2,512 

2 233,696 


'4,169 
2 230,755 


(NA) 
(NA) 


3 8,796 
'952,303 


(NA) 
(NA) 


3 16,622 




dollars.. 


'2,009,543 


Cows milked, day preceding enumeration. . 


..farms reporting., 
number of cows . . 


15,730 
162,074 


19,659 
158,863 


(NA) 
(NA) 


(NA) 
(NA) 


(NA) 
(NA) 


26,917 
131,490 


(NA) 
(NA) 


(NA) 
(NA) 




448,797 


456,291 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


285,367 


(NA) 


(NA) 


Cows and heifers milked during any 


..farms reporting.. 


(NA) 


(NA) 


26,525 


27,583 


31,834 


30,725 


36,587 


(NA) 




number . . 


(NA) 


(NA) 


190,988 


175,079 


181,918 


166,651 


173,170 


(NA) 


Horses and mules: 


..far.ns reporting.. 


10,465 


19,822 


(NA) 


30,404 


33,910 


35,515 


41,287 


(NA) 




number. . 


22,883 


48,494 


84,124 


104,697 


108,889 


123,150 


147,444 


173, 962 




value . . dollars . . 


1,304,331 


3,505,760 


7,856,006 


11,518,445 


11,616,297 


13,073,441 


11,404,252 


17,974,175 


Horses and colts, including ponies. . . 


..farms reporting.. 


(NA) 


16,902 


23,097 


25,395 


28,505 


(NA) 


(NA) 


41,973 




number. . 


(NA) 


40,069 


66,322 


79,539 


79,933 


94,099 


116,711 


141,341 




value. .dollars. . 


(NA) 


2,830,299 


5,790,546 


8,435,845 


8,110,215 


9,512,011 


8,642,188 


13,835,411 




..farms reporting.. 


(NA) 


4,873 


8,569 


11,126 


12,445 


(NA) 


(NA) 


12,589 




number. . 


(NA) 


8,425 


17,802 


25,158 


28,956 


29,051 


30,733 


32,621 




value.. dollars.. 


(NA) 


675,461 


2,065,460 


3,082,600 


3,506,082 


3,561,430 


2,762,064 


4,138,764 


Hogs: 


..farms reporting. . 


16,193 


19,717 


21,647 


23,030 


23,053 


24,344 


24,712 


35,926 




number. . 


230,756 


244,659 


252,640 


158,546 


159,087 


205,361 


187,656 


306,452 




value. .dollars. . 


6,543,308 


4,083,877 


3,647,387 


1,439,862 


970,431 


2,515,360 


1,966,277 


4,169,974 




..farms reporting.. 


13,729 


16,349 


(NA) 


23,030 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(♦») 




number. . 


101,829 


129,095 


(NA) 


158,546 


(NA) 


131,999 


(«) 


(») 




..farms reporting.. 


8,547 


10,421 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


7,762 


(NA) 


(«*) 




number. . 


128,927 


115,564 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


73,362 


(«) 


(«) 




..farms reporting., 
number . . 


7,047 
41,402 


(NA) 
(NA) 


(NA) 
(NA) 


(NA) 
(NA) 


(NA) 
(NA) 


(NA) 
(NA) 


(NA) 
(NA) 


(NA) 
(NA) 




..farms reporting.. 


5,550 


8,767 


10,089 


9,789 


8,990 


7,674 


(NA) 


19,693 




number. . 


22,306 


30,941 


31,695 


26,952 


18,217 


14,904 


23,672 


41,320 




..farms reporting.. 


5,244 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 




number. . 


19,096 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


Sheep and »ool: 


..farms reporting.. 


1,695 


1,508 


1,911 


2,632 


3,799 


4,332 


3,636 


4,739 




number. . 


45,193 


49,734 


48,296 


56,410 


93,516 


194,152 


91,878 


103,027 




value .. dollars . . 


626,183 


879,532 


460,448 


365,794 


434,859 


1,848,574 


908.842 


1,262,798 




..farms reporting.. 


1,612 


1,460 


(NA) 


2,632 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 




number. . 


35,156 


29,029 


(NA) 


56,410 


(NA) 


107,110 


74,719 


89,996 




..farms reporting.. 


1,552 
32,831 


1 430 


1,734 


2,362 


3,637 


(NA) 


(NA) 


4,579 




number. . 


26,540 


36,864 


48,313 


78,720 


100,597 


71,589 


85,480 




. .farms reporting. . 


1,200 
2,325 


972 
2,489 


(NA) 
(NA) 


(NA) 
8,097 


(NA) 
(NA) 


(NA) 
6,513 


(NA) 
3,130 


(HA) 




number. . 


4,516 




..farms reporting.. 


1,131 


1,247 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


1,922 




number. . 


10,037 


20,705 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


87,042 


17,159 


13,031 




..farms reporting.. 


1,468 


1,291 


1,636 


2,321 


3,538 


3,813 


(NA) 


4,025 




number shorn.. 


36,549 


27,308 


(NA) 


49,857 


82,383 


88,577 


70,627 


90,311 






245,171 


173,392 


235,401 


320,750 


505,445 


556,255 


429,914 


551,194 




value. .dollars. . 


155,036 


73,424 


112,993 


83,721 


131,416 


201,908 


169,488 


319,693 



See footnotes at end of table. 



MARYLAND 

State Table 13.-LIVEST0CK AND LIVESTOCK PRODUCTS: CENSUSES OF 1920 TO 1954-Continued 



143 



[Data 


for number of livestock not fully 


comparable for 


the several censuses. See State Table 12 ant 


text] 
















Census 


of— 








Item 




















(For definitions and explanations, 


see text) 






















1954 


1950 


1945 


1940 


1935 


1930 


1925 


1920 






(November) 


(April 1) 


( January l) 


(April l) 


(January l) 


(April 1) 


( January l) 


(January 1) 


Goats and nohair: 






















.farms reporting., 
number.. 


(NA) 
(NA) 


900 
(NA) 


744 
3.997 


365 

2,020 


333 

1,350 


292 
1,592 


147 
668 


171 




873 




value . . dollars . . 


(NA) 


(NA) 


20,316 


7,851 


4,860 


7,920 


2,859 


5,918 




.farms reporting.. 


(NA) 
(NA) 


(NA) 
(NA) 


(NA) 


16 


(NA) 


123 


(NA) 
(NA) 


19 




number. . 


(NA) 


204 


(NA) 


766 


233 




•farms reporting.. 


(NA) 
(NA) 


(NA) 
(NA) 


(NA) 


353 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


147 




number. . 


(NA) 


1,816 


(NA) 


826 


(NA) 


640 




•farms reporting.. 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


11 


10 


(NA) 


(NA) 


18 




number. . 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


296 


246 


195 






(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


394 


451 


847 


829 


819 




value. .dollars. . 


(NA) 


(«) 


(NA) 


118 


86 


314 


316 


487 


Poultry and poultry products: 




















Poultry and/or poultry products sold.... 


.farms reporting.. 


14,885 


20,402 


25,658 


26,095 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 




dollars. . 


42,830,597 


45,535,759 


39,531,543 


9,055,387 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


Chickens, 4 months old and over, on hand 


.farms reporting.. 


22,473 


28,226 


34,046 


34,847 


39,416 


39,648 


44,788 


45,564 




number . . 


2,706,466 


2,949,966 


3,793,011 


3,139,761 


3,589,071 


3,777,072 


4,198,305 


3,436,376 




value, .dollars.. 


3,112,436 


3,573,245 


5,046,213 


2,246,105 


2,440,568 


3,714,457 


4,697,526 


3,724,798 




•farms reporting., 
number. , 


8,511 
47,469,524 


13,434 
39,672,298 


(NA) 
(NA) 


19,120 
8,449,787 


(NA) 
(NA) 


27,655 
3,563,273 


(NA) 
(NA) 


27,099 




1,618,774 




dollars . . 


31,919,271 


34,312,740 


(NA) 


4,952,348 


(NA) 


3,773,843 


(NA) 


1,541,531 




.farms reporting.. 


11,367 


16,626 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


33,255 


(NA) 


37,478 




dozens. . 


17,773,443 


18,828,187 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


22,401,915 


(NA) 


10,656,009 




dollars.. 


7,402,496 


8,940,944 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


7,509,975 


(NA) 


4,702,632 


Turkey hens, to be kept for 






















.farms reporting.. 


513 


1,577 


(NA)' 


6,110 


9,858 


(NA) 


(NA) 


11,257 




number. . 


22,476 


40,619 


(NA) 


51,602 


74,068 


(NA) 


(NA) 


55,323 




.farms reporting.. 


2,019 


2,717 


3,997 


5,849 


(NA) 


9,718 


(NA) 


(NA) 




number. . 


702,579 


341,774 


356,523 


340,442 


(NA) 


278,579 


(NA) 


(NA) 




.farms reporting., 
number. . 


3,206 
84,113 


4,249 
108,433 


(NA) 
(NA) 


4,171 
149,988 


(NA) 
(NA) 


7,970 
199,430 


(NA) 
(NA) 


(NA) 




(NA) 




.farms reporting., 
number . . 


664 
8,991 


629 
7,521 


(NA) 
(NA) 


545 
8,923 


(NA) 
(NA) 


3,646 
41,598 


(NA) 
(NA) 


(NA) 




(NA) 




•farms reporting., 
number. . 


245 
2,720 


265 
4,482 


(NA) 
(NA) 


1,208 
29,517 


(NA) 
(NA) 


(NA) 

(NA) 


(NA) 
(NA) 


(NA) 




(NA) 


Turkeys, ducks, geese, and other miscellaneous 




















farms reporting. . 


2,430 


3,533 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 




dollars. . 


3,508,830 


2,282,075 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


Animals sold alive: 




















Cattle, hogs, sheep, horses, or 




















mules sold alive 


.farms reporting.. 


18,315 


21,274 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 




dollars. . 


26,230,422 


23,519,057 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 




•farms reporting.. 


18,189 


21,011 


(NA) 


19,146 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 




.farms reporting.. 


16,116 


18, no 


19,719 


16,267 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 




number. . 


244,012 


178,275 


170,259 


128,803 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 




dollars . . 


17,696,536 


15,833,881 


10,431,020 


3,615,702 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


Cattle sold alive, excluding 






















.farms reporting., 
number. . 


10,829 
104,891 


10,069 
69, 586 


(NA) 
(NA) 


8,369 
45,126 


(NA) 
(NA) 


(NA) 
(NA) 


(NA) 
(NA) 


(NA) 




(NA) 




dollars. . 


14,742,890 


12,447,732 


(NA) 


2,545,437 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 




.farms reporting., 
number.. 


13,537 
139,121 


15,639 
108,689 


(NA) 
(NA) 


13,485 
83,677 


(NA) 
(NA) 


(NA) 
(NA) 


(NA) 
(NA) 


(NA) 




(NA) 




dollars. . 


2,953,646 


3,386,149 


(NA) 


1,070,265 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 




..farms reporting.. 


7,946 


11,573 


11,045 


8,848 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 




number . . 


217,820 


232,085 


234,640 


156,405 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 




dollars . . 


7,110,035 


6,444,475 


4,908,117 


2,032,819 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 




..farms reporting.. 


1,301 


1,196 


1,368 


1,905 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 




number. . 


30,095 


21,629 


29,177 


36,071 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 




dollars. . 


470,570 


403,843 


288,839 


236,000 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 




..farms reporting.. 


667 


1,866 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 




number. . 


1,476 


4,058 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 




dollars.. 


953,281 


836,858 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 



•♦♦Available data not comparable. NA Not available. l For 1954, whole milk and cream only. Published values for 1945 and 1940 were computed on the basis of average 
prices. For this table, these values have been adjusted to equal the enumerated value of all dairy products sold. ■'Butter sold. 



144 



STATISTICS FOR THE STATE 



State Table 14.-FARMS REPORTING SPECIFIED NUMBER OF CATTLE ON HAND: CENSUSES OF 1954 AND 1950; FARMS 
REPORTING SPECIFIED NUMBER OF LIVESTOCK ON HAND OR SOLD ALIVE: CENSUS OF 1954 

[Data for 1954 are based on reports for only a sample of farms. See text] 



(For definitions and explanations, see text) 



State 
total 



(For definitions and explanations, see text) 



Cattle and calves of all ages on hand farms reporting 1954.. 

1950.. 

number 1954.. 

1950. . 

1 farms reporting 1954., 

1950.. 

2 to 4 farms reporting 1954. . 

1950.. 
5 to 9 farms reporting 1954.. 

1950. . 
10 to 24 farms reporting 1954.. 

1950. . 
25 to 49 farms reporting 1954.. 

1950.. 
50 to 99 farms reporting 1954.. 

1950. . 
100 and over farms reporting 1954.. 

1950. . 
Cows on hand 1954, including heifers 
that have calved .farms reporting. . 

number.. 

1 farms reporting. . 

2 farms reporting. . 

3 or 4 farms reporting. . 

5 to 9 farms reporting.. 

10 to 14 farms reporting.. 

15 to 19 farms reporting.. 

20 to 29 farms reporting.. 

30 to 49 farms reporting. . 

50 to 74 farms reporting.. 

75 to 99 farms reporting.. 

100 to 199 farms reporting.. 

200 to 499 farms reporting.. 

500 to 999 farms reporting.. 

1,000 and over farms reporting.. 

Milk co*s on hand, 1954 farms reporting.. 

number . , 

1 farms reporting.. 

2 farms reporting. . 

3 farms reporting. . 

4 farms reporting . . 

5 to 9 farms reporting.. 

10 to 14 farms reporting. . 

15 to 19 farms reporting.. 

20 to 29 farms reporting.. 

30 to 49 farms reporting.. 

50 to 74 farms reporting.. 

75 to 99 farms reporting.. 

100 and over farms reporting.. 

Cattle sold alive, excluding calves, 1954 farms reporting.. 

number. . 

1 to 4 farms reporting. . 

5 to 9 « farms reporting.. 

10 to 19. farms reporting. . 

20 to 29 farms reporting. . 

30 to 39 farms reporting.. 

40 to 49 farms reporting.. 

50 to 99 farms reporting.. 

100 to 199 farms reporting.. 

200 and over farms reporting. . 

Calves sold alive, 1954 farms reporting.. 

number. . 

1 to 4 farms reporting. . 

5 to 9 farms reporting.. 

10 to 14. farms reporting.. 

15 to 19 farms reporting.. 

20 to 29 farms reporting.. 

30 to 39.. farms reporting.. 

40 to 49 farms reporting. . 

50 to 99 farms reporting.. 

100 and over farms reporting.. 



21,782 
24,298 
513, 644 
430,542 

2,138 
3,232 
4,599 
5,877 
2,978 
3,595 
5,018 
5,493 
4,145 
4,225 
2,294 
1,539 
610 
337 

19,793 
277,454 

3,782 

2,534 

2,378 

2,504 

1,925 

1,474 

2,428 

1,893 

610 

151 

89 

25 



17,362 

224,240 

3,837 

2,567 

1,340 

929 

1,837 

1,250 

1,181 

2,081 

1,681 

509 

104 

46 

11,185 

100,863 

6,062 

2,460 

1,530 

508 

179 

140 

214 

81 

11 

13,735 

143,420 

5,405 

2,677 

2,173 

1,238 

1,364 

448 

187 

214 

29 



Sows and gilts farrowing after Dec. 1, 1953 
and before Dec. 1, 1954 



4.... , farms 

5 farms 

6 farms 

7 farms 

8 farms 

9 farms 

10 or more farms 

Hogs and pigs sold alive, 1954 farms 



5 to 9. 



.farms 



10 to 14 farms 

15 to 19 farms 

20 to 29 farms 

30 to 39 farms 

40 to 49 farms 

50 to 99 farms 

100 to 199 farms 

200 and over farms 

Turkeys raised, light breeds, 1954 farjns 

Under 25 farms 

25 to 49 farms 

50 to 99 farms 

100 to 199 farms 

200 to 399 farms 

400 to 799 farms 

800 to 1,599 farms 

1,600 and over farms 

Turkeys raised, heavy breeds, 1954 farms 

Under 25 farms 

25 to 49 farms 

50 to 99 farms 

100 to 199 farms 

200 to 399 farms 

400 to 799 farms 

800 to 1,599 farms 

1,600 and over farms 

Itroilers (chickens) sold, 1954 farms 

Under 2,000 farms 

2,000 to 3,999 farms 

4, 000 to 7, 999 farms 

8,000 to 15,999 farms 

16,000 to 31,999 farms 

32,000 to 39,999 farms 

40,000 to 49,999 farms 

50,000 to 59,999 „ farms 

60,000 to 69,999 farms 

70,000 to 79,999 farms 

80,000 to 89,999 farms 

90,000 and over farms 



reporting, 
reporting. 
reporting, 
reporting, 
reporting, 
reporting. 

reporting, 
reporting. 
reporting, 
reporting, 
reporting. 

reporting. 
number. 
reporting, 
repor ting . 
reporting, 
reporting, 
reporting. 

reporting, 
reporting, 
reporting, 
reporting, 
reporting. 

reporting. 

number, 
reporting. 
reporting. 
reporting, 
reporting, 
reporting. 
reporting, 
reporting, 
reporting, 
reporting. 

number, 
reporting, 
reporting, 
reporting, 
reporting. 
reporting, 
reporting, 
reporting, 
reporting, 
reporting. 

number. 
reporting. 
reporting. 
reporting. . 
reporting. . 
reporting. , 
reporting. , 
reporting. . 
reporting. , 
reporting. . 
reporting., 
reporting. . 
reporting. . 



MARYLAND 

State Table 15.-NURSERY. GREENHOUSE, AND FOREST PRODUCTS: CENSUSES OF 1920 TO 1954 



145 











Census 


of — 








Item 


















(For definitions and explanations, see text) 


1954 


1950 


1945 


1940 


1935 


1930 


1925 


1920 




(November) 


(April 1) 


(January 1) 


(April 1| 


(January 1) 


(April 1) 


(January 1) 


(January 1) 


Nursery and greenhouse products, flower and vegetable 


















seeds and plants, and bulbs: 


















Nursery and greenhouse products, flower and vegetable 




















5,696,749 


5,559,332 


2,992,720 


2,131,739 


(NA) 


2,281,815 


(NA) 


1,327,013 


Nursery products (trees, shrubs, 




















186 


174 


(NA) 


101 


(NA) 


J 244 


(NA) 


53 


acres. . . 


3,298 


2,946 


(NA) 


2,546 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


3,015 




2,363,148 


1,670,273 


(NA) 


640,874 


(NA) 


'1,135,485 


(NA) 


392,464 


Cut flowers, potted plants, florist greens. 


















and bedding plants grown for sale: 




















191 


2 207 


(NA) 


3 216 


(NA) 


4 422 


(NA) 


! 277 


square feet... 


2,387,940 


2 2,766,987 


(NA) 


3 2,932,349 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


5 2,162,958 




182 


2 211 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


acres. . . 


448 


2 577 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 




279 


2 309 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


dollars. . . 


2,933,393 


2 3,455,580 


(NA) 


3 1, 016,387 


(NA) 


4 1, 146,330 


(NA) 


5 829,271 


Vegetables grown under glass, flower seeds. 


















vegetable seeds, vegetable plants, bulbs. 


















and aushroons produced for sale: 


















Crown under glass or in house farms reporting... 


78 


87 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


square feet... 


535,857 


287,751 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 




44 


65 


(NA) 


6 300 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


acres . . . 


185 


380 


(NA) 


6 1,347 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 




107 


138 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


dollars. . . 


400,208 


433,479 


(NA) 


6 474,478 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


7 105,278 


Forest products: 




















1,011,816 


1,058,284 
11,217 


65o,054 
(NA) 


330 643 


283,462 


981,809 


(NA) 


2,638,491 




7,725 


(NA) 


(NA) 


24,341 


27,901 


(NA) 


cords (4'x 4'x 8' ). . . 


75,978 


117,373 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


295,609 


339,282 


(NA) 




3,260 


4,130 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


5,584 


(NA) 


(NA) 


number. . . 


431,578 


490,150 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


799,866 


(NA) 


(NA) 


Sawlogs and veneer logs cut 




















2,057 


8 2,458 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


8 2,300 


(NA) 


(NA) 


thousands of bd. ft... 


34,750 


8 14,295 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


s 40,991 


(NA) 


(NA) 


Value of firewood, fence posts, logs, lumber, 


















pulpwood, piling and poles, bark, bolts, 


















Christmas trees, hewn ties, mine timber, and other 
















(NA) 


miscellaneous forest products sold farms reporting... 


1,060 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


dollars. .. 


1,011,816 


1,027,218 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 




(NA) 


107 


(NA) 


133 


(NA) 


155 


(NA) 


203 


number. .. 


(NA) 


25,443 


(NA) 


44,337 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


74,549 




(NA) 


102 


(NA) 


132 


(NA) 


154 


(NA) 


(NA) 


gallons. . . 


("A) 


11,097 


(NA) 


24,120 


(NA) 


15,339 


(NA) 


23,155 




(NA) 


19 


(NA) 


35 


(NA) 


60 


(NA) 


(NA) 


pound s . . . 


(NA) 


1,500 


(NA) 


12,237 


(NA) 


18,370 


(NA) 


150,957 




(NA) 


31,066 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 


(NA) 



NA Not available. 1 Trees, plants, vines, etc., in nurseries; flower and vegetable seeds; and bulbs. 2 Flowers and flowering plants grown for sale. 3 Crops grown under 

glass (flowers, plants, and vegetables) and propagated mushrooms. A Flowers, plants, and vegetables grown under glass, and flowers grown in the open. 5 Total square feet 

under glass. 6 Flower and vegetable seeds, bulbs, and flowers and plants grown in the open. 7 Value of flower and vegatable seeds; and vegatable plants. 
8 Does not include amount sold as standing timber. 



146 



STATISTICS FOR THE STATE 

State Table 16—SPECIFIED CROPS HARVESTED: 1 CENSUSES OF 1920 TO 1954 



Item 
(For definitions and explanations, see text) 



1954 
(November) 



1950 
(April 1) 



1945 
(January 1) 



1940 
(April 1) 



1935 
(January 1) 



1930 
(April 1) 



1925 
( January 1 ) 



1920 
(January 1) 



All farna number. 

Cropland barveated farms reporting. 

acres. 

Total value of apecified crops 

harvested (see text) 3 dollars. 

Value of all cropa said (see text) 3 dollars. 

Corn: 

Corn for all purposes farms reporting. 

acres, 
value, dollars. 

Harvested for grain farms reporting. 

acres, 
bushels. 

Cut for silage farms reporting. 

acres, 
tons, green weight. 
Hogged or grazed, or cut for green 

or dry fodder farms reporting. 

acres. 

Corn sold farms reporting . 

bushels, 
dollars. 



Sorghuaa: 

Sorghum for all purposes except 

for sirup farms reporting. 

acres, 
value, dollars. 

Harvested for grain or for seed farms reporting. 

acres, 
bushels. 

Cut for silage farms reporting. 

acres, 
tons, green weight. 
Hogged or grazed , or cut for dry 

forage or hay farms reporting. 

acres . 
tons cut. 

Sorghum sold dollars . 

Snail grains: 

'rfheat threshed or combined farms reporting. 

"cres. 

bushels. 

value, dollars. 

Sold farms reporting . 

bushels. 
dollars. 

Oats threshed or combined farms reporting. 

acres. 

bushels. 

value, dollars. 

Sold farms reporting. 

bushels. 

dol lar: . 



Oats cut for feeding unthreshed farms reporting. 

acres, 
value, dollars. 

Barley threshed or combined farms reporting. 

acres. 

bushels. 

' value, dollars. 

Sold farms reporting. 

bushels, 
dollars . 

Rye threshed or combined farms reporting. 

acres. 

bushels. 

value, dollars. 

Sold farms reporting. 

bushels . 
dollars. 

Buckwheat threshed or combined farms reporting. 

acres. 

bushels. 

value, dollars. 

Sold farms reporting. 

bushels, 
dollars. 

Other grain threshed or combined farms reporting. 

acres. 

bushels . 

value, dollars. 

Sold farms reporting. 

bushels, 
dollars. 



27,744 
1,571,744 



119,333,631 
69,056,248 



22,243 

498,252 

32,947,204 

21,278 

427,038 

18,070,605 

5,390 

65,082 

606,860 

651 
6,132 

8,681 

12,378,912 



(NA) 

6 668 

6 32,066 

17 

233 

7,768 

31 

435 

2,929 



(«) 

C 6 ) 

( 6 ) 



10,100 
185,932 
4,715,287 
10,279,326 
8,165 
3,922,344 
8,550,712 

7,076 

72,214 

2,916,686 

2,333,349 

1,059 
327,017 
261,613 



C) 

(') 
(') 

6,580 

83,847 

3,180,346 

3,116,739 

1,665 
633,377 
620,708 

1,774 

17,182 

320,643 

480,964 

844 
176,362 
264,542 

364 

1,621 

45,032 

44,131 

87 
20,089 
19,688 

36 

328 

10,880 

13,056 

6 
1,384 
1,661 



31,048 
1,531,421 



96,811,395 
54,413,352 



25,370 

440,888 

25,125,391 

24,687 

393,358 
16,761,266 

4,228 
41,017 
385,575 

864 
6,513 

s 7,720 
4,852,546 
5 5, 592, 445 



2 
25 
500 

2 
25 

500 



13,086 

305,884 

5,719,200 

10,461,486 

9,853 

4,249,656 

(NA) 

4,581 

37,750 

1,224,576 

930,372 

382 

77,045 

(NA) 



478 

2,713 

74,180 

6,452 

77,901 

2,621,898 

2,241,068 

1,469 

449,358 

(NA) 

1,353 
11,091 
163,119 
229,861 

522 

65,570 

(NA) 

558 
2,447 
51,235 
59,945 

68 

7,503 

(NA) 

28 

282 

5,746 

7,228 

12 

2,806 

(NA) 



38,088 
1,745,261 



105,727,768 
51,362,428 



30,284 

501,382 

22,479,832 

29,730 

451,303 
15,904,495 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 



276 

2,537 

107,965 

5 
28 

455 

(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 



16,591 

359,495 

8,348,063 

12,985,223 

(NA) 

(NA) 

(NA) 

4,651 

36,513 

1,146,052 

1,025,315 



(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 



1,371 

7,273 

184,487 

6,273 

67,412 

2,075,524 

2,556,062 

(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 

2,585 

22,066 

364,916 

520,609 

(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 

(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

108 

1,314 

31,696 

38,037 

(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 



38,619 
1,608,856 



45,218,069 
24,659,128 



32,116 

488,655 

10,918,735 

31,737 

456,501 

15,449,757 

3,258 

28,118 

272,740 

616 
4,036 



(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 



95 

483 

8,187 

6 

19 
461 

12 

84 

767 

77 
380 
672 

(NA) 



(NA) 

348,547 

6,581,115 

5,152,785 

(NA) 

(NA) 

(NA) 

4,319 

30,037 

827,623 

364,861 



(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 



584 

2,708 

36,785 

6,085 

59,745 

,835,675 

905,697 

(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 

2,116 

16,045 

235,746 

157,962 

(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

1,012 

4,166 

79,142 

49,365 

(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 

1,790 
40,317 
24,671 



44,412 



42,700 
1,677,434 



(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 



(«,) 
(NA) 



35,544 

480,601 

(NA) 

35,066 

451,207 

13,104,956 

(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 



(NA) 

197 

3,593 

4 

13 

339 

(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 

(*») 
(**) 

(**) 

(NA) 



(NA) 

408,063 

7,620,290 

7,086,997 

(NA) 

(NA) 

(NA) 

5,312 

34,276 

1,085,716 

586,287 

(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 



1,092 
4,275 

(NA) 

4,654 

36,869 

992,129 

585,356 

(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 

3,435 
22,649 
299,454 
230,580 

(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 

89 

855 

25,775 

19,331 

(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 



41,185 
1,741,615 



(**) 
36,722,738 



35,245 

498,888 

(NA) 

34,629 

463,293 

14,543,218 

2,774 
25,979 

216,019 

(NA) 
9,616 

(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 



28 

118 

2,103 

4 
< 5 

108 

(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 

(«*) 
(*») 
(«) 

(NA) 



(NA) 

506,499 

9,095,169 

10,757,043 

(NA) 

(NA) 

(NA) 

6,593 

41,734 

1,164,583 

650,922 

(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 



1,100 
4,415 

(NA) 

1,596 

9,832 

286,208 

244,453 

(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 

2,463 

18,409 
232,727 
249,701 

(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

1,333 

6,448 

118,817 

109,299 

(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 

870 

19,791 

17,809 



(NA) 
1,777,513 



(*-) 
(NA) 



38,470 

515,538 

(NA) 

37,028 

480,801 
13,345,718 

2,022 
18,311 
127,752 

(NA) 
16,426 

(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 



(NA) 
191 
(NA) 

(NA) 

9 

129 

(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 

(«) 
(«*) 

(**) 

(NA) 



20,018 

484,659 

7,664,394 

10,761,689 

(NA) 

(NA) 

(NA) 

6,719 

40,135 

1,173,397 

752,682 



(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 



1,334 
6,392 

(NA) 

1,755 

10,783 

288,522 

259,671 

(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 

2,471 

14,610 

183,575 

218,597 

(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 

1,617 
6,948 

118,625 
131,135 



(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 



(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 



See footnotes at end of tBble. 



MARYLAND 

State Table 16.-SPECIFIED CROPS HARVESTED: 1 CENSUSES OF 1920 TO 1954-Continued 



147 



Item 
(For definitions and explanations, see text) 



Census of— 



1954 

(November) 



1950 
(April 1) 



1945 
(January 1) 



1940 
(April 1) 



1935 
(January 1) 



1930 
(April 1) 



1925 

( January 1 ) 



1920 
(January 1) 



Annual lecnnes: 

Soybeans grown for all purposes farms reporting. 

acres. 

Harvested for beans farms reporting. 

acres. 

bushels . 

value, dollars. 

sold, dollars. 

Cut for hay 9 farms reporting. 

acres. 

tons. 

value, dollars. 

sold, dollars. 

Hogged or grazed, or cut for silage. . .farms reporting. 

acres, 
value, dollars. 

Plowed under for green manure farms reporting. 

acres. 
Cowpeas grown for all purposes, except for fresh 
market, or for canning, freezing, or other 

processing 8 farms reporting. 

acres. 

Harvested for dry peas farms reporting. 

acres. 

bushels. 

value, dollars. 

sold, dollars. 

Cut for hay farms reporting. 

acres. 

tons. 

value, dollars. 

sold, dollars. 

Hogged or grazed, or cut for silage. . .farms reporting. 

acres, 
value, dollars. 

Plowed under for green manure farms reporting. 

acres. 

nay cropa (see text): 

Land from which hay was cut 13 acres. 

Alfalfa and alfalfa mixtures cut for hay 

(and for dehydrating) farms reporting. 

acres. 

tons. 

value, dollars. 

Sold farms reporting . 

tons, 
dollars. 
Clover, timothy, and mixtures of clover and 

grasses cut for hay farms reporting. 

acres. 

tons. 

value, dollars. 

Sold farms reporting. 

tons, 
dollars . 

Lespedeza cut for hay farms reporting. 

acres. 

tons. 

value, dollars. 

Sold farms reporting. 

tons, 
dollars. 
Oats, wheat, barley, rye, or other small 

grains cut for hay farms reporting. 

acres. 

tons. 

value, dollars. 

Sold farms reporting. 

tons, 
dollars. 

Other hay cut (see text) farms reporting. 

acres. 

tons. 

value, dollars. 

Sold farms reporting. 

tons, 
dollars. 
Grass silage made from grasses, alfalfa, clover, 

or small grains farms reporting. 

acres. 

tons, green weight. 

value, dollars. 

Clover aeed, graaa, and other field aeed cropa: 

Clover seed harvested: 

Alsike clover seed harvested farms reporting. 

acres. 

pounds . 

value, dollars. 

sold, dollars. 

Crimson clover seed harvested farms reporting. 

acres. 

pounds . 

value, dollars. 

sold, dollars. 



6,355 
156,503 

4,521 

137,445 

2,489,419 

6,596,960 

6,069,204 

1,729 

11,410 

15,935 

581,628 

40,713 

411 

5,196 

239,016 

265 
2,452 



(NA) 



56 

302 

60 

18 

86 

68 

2,040 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 

(NA) 

(NA) 



447,405 

4,982 

83,440 

154,964 

6,740,934 

280 

6,889 

299,673 

12,133 

238,661 

299,316 

10,925,034 

855 

15,788 

576,262 

4,092 

57,725 

64,206 

2,311,416 

208 

2,327 

83,772 

7 1,282 

7 10,689 

'13,751 

'440,032 

33 

348 

11,136 

2,067 
32,821 
36,541 
840,443 
132 
2,193 
50,439 

1,123 

24,069 

126,132 

882,924 



16 

960 

221 

122 

4 

24 

1,455 

247 

136 



5,493 

77,737 

3,013 

55,971 

928,440 

1,726,126 

(NA) 

2,474 

13,841 

20,738 

435,498 

(NA) 

248 
2,141 
58,314 

686 
5,784 



286 
1,357 

26 

152 

1,568 

3,918 

(NA) 

107 
382 
420 
8,820 
(NA) 

19 

160 

3,520 

137 
663 



411,243 

4,960 

63,005 

140,484 

3,811,645 

(NA) 

(NA) 

(NA) 

15,258 
270,600 
384,710 

8,611,119 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 

4,731 

53,560 

66,350 

1,459,700 

(NA) 

(NA) 

(NA) 

545 

3,860 

4,809 

84,157 

(NA) 

(NA) 

(NA) 

1,568 

18,711 

23,702 

474,040 

(NA) 

(NA) 

(NA) 

317 

5,441 

28,428 

210,271 



3 

32 

1,020 

388 

(NA) 

2 

7 

888 

178 

(NA) 



8,749 
86,269 

2,026 
29,689 

385,801 
819,729 

(NA) 

6,681 

48,713 

62,744 

1,451,562 

(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 



372 
2,535 

40 

(NA) 

1,893 

4,629 

(NA) 

t 11 ) 
(") 
t 11 ) 
t 11 ) 
(NA) 

(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 



401,909 

4,926 

48,386 

95,024 

,944,813 

(NA) 

(NA) 

(NA) 

17,851 

298,012 

329,997 

1,697,407 

(NA) 

(NA) 

(NA) 

3,625 

39,142 

37,011 

896,930 

(NA) 

(NA) 

(NA) 

578 

3,024 

3,355 

62,981 

(NA) 

(NA) 

(NA) 

(NA) 

13,345 

13,184 

260,922 

(NA) 

(NA) 

(NA) 



(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 



(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 



7,098 
60,149 

1,282 

13,087 

179,789 

175,801 

(NA) 

6,055 

38,349 

56,391 

696,832 

(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 



1,049 
5,380 

112 

595 

5,205 

6,942 

(NA) 

( 12 ) 
( 12 ) 
C 12 ) 
( 12 ) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 

(NA) 



362,911 

4,537 

37,105 

78,660 

1,249,294 

(NA) 

(NA) 

(NA) 

18,573 

270,767 

326,486 

4,033,432 

(NA) 

(NA) 

(NA) 

2,383 

21,155 

21,234 

287,938 

(NA) 

(NA) 

(NA) 

917 

6,988 

7,719 

68,400 

(NA) 

(NA) 

(NA) 

(NA) 

25,775 

29,209 

297,364 

(NA) 

(NA) 

(NA) 

"55 

14 1,121 

"4,845 

"24,225 



(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 



4,684 
30,513 

786 

(NA) 

85,481 

91,465 

(NA) 

5,524 
31,623 

40,569 

543,625 

(NA) 

(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 



1,951 
8,808 

173 

(NA) 

6,171 

8,639 

(NA) 

( 12 ) 
< 12 ) 
( l2 ) 
( 12 > 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 



364,573 

4,467 

34,166 

72,435 

1,072,038 

(NA) 

(NA) 

(NA) 

22,098 

308,238 

392,481 

4,984,509 

(NA) 

(NA) 

(NA) 

(♦*) 
(«•) 
(«) 

(*♦) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 

829 

3,207 

3,815 

51,502 

(NA) 

(NA) 

(NA) 

(NA) 

18,962 

18,718 

230,285 

(NA) 

(NA) 

(NA) 



(«•) 
(«) 
(«) 
(«) 



(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 



3,920 
26,471 

(NA) 

(NA) 

54,363 

121,527 
(NA) 

4,365 

25,495 

34,601 

543,236 

(NA) 

(NA) 

(NA) 

(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 



799 
4,313 

(NA) 

(NA) 

4,123 

10,299 
(NA) 

( 12 > 
( 12 ) 

(12) 
( 12 ) 

(NA) 

(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 



344,622 

3,190 

21,262 

41,305 

798,752 

(NA) 

(NA) 

(NA) 

(NA) 

304,719 

374,901 

5,259,321 

(NA) 

(NA) 

(NA) 

(*») 
(«) 
(«*) 
(«) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 

866 

3,273 

4,809 

67,326 

(NA) 

(NA) 

(NA) 

(NA) 

15,368 

19,324 

255,695 

(NA) 

(NA) 

(NA) 

(„) 
(«) 
(«) 
(«) 



(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 



(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
26,751 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 



(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 



( 12 ) 
( 12 > 
( 12 ) 
( 12 ) 

(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 



389,704 

2,897 
18,748 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
338,743 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 

(«) 
(»*) 
(„) 

(«•) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 

1,145 
4,523 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
27,690 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 



(«) 
(«) 
(NA) 
(NA) 



(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 



See footnotes st end of table. 



148 



STATISTICS FOR THE STATY 

Slate Table 16.-SPECIFIED CROPS HARVESTED: 1 CENSUSES OF 1920 TO 1954-Continued 



Item 
(For definitions and explanations, see text) 



1954 
( November) 



1950 
(April 1) 



1945 
{January 1) 



1940 
(April 1) 



1935 
(January 1) 



1930 
(April 1) 



1925 
( January 1 ) 



Clover seed, grass, and other field seed crops— Continued 
Clover seed harvested— Continued 

Ladino clover seed harvested farms reporting.. 

acres. . 

pounds . . 

value, dollars.. 

sold, dollars.. 

Red clover seed harvested farms reporting.. 

acres. . 

bushels. . 

value, dollars.. 

sold, dollars.. 

Sweetclover seed harvested farms reporting. . 

acres. . 

pounds. . 

value, dollars.. 

sold, dollars.. 

Other and unspecified clover seed 

harvested farms reporting. . 

acres. . 

pounds. . 

value, dollars. . 

sold, dollars.. 

Lespedeza seed harvested farms reporting. . 

acres . . 

pounds. . 

value, dollars.. 

sold, dollars.. 

Orchard grass seed harvested farms reporting.. 

acres. . 

pounds. . 

value, dollars.. 

sold, dollars.. 

Timothy seed harvested farms reporting. . 

acres. . 

pounds. . 

value, dollars.. 

sold, dollars.. 

Other field seed crops harvested acres.. 

value, dollars., 
sold, dollars.. 

Other field crops: 

Irish potatoes harvested for home use 

or for sale farms reporting.. 

acres. . 

bushels. . 

value, dollars.. 

sold, dollars.. 

Popcorn harvested farms reporting.. 

acres.. 

pounds. . 

value, dollars.. 

sold, dollars.. 

Root and grain crops hogged or grazed, other 

than corn and soybeans farms reporting. . 

acres. . 
value, dollars.. 
Sweetpotatoes harvested for home use or 

for sale farms reporting.. 

acres. . 

bushels.. 

value, dollars.. 

sold, dollars.. 

Tobacco harvested farms reporting. . 

acres, . 

pounds . . 

value, dollars.. 

i sold, dollars.. 

Wormseed harvested for oil farms reporting.. 

acres. . 

pounds of oil.. 

value, dollars.. 

sold, dollars.. 

All other field crops harvested acres.. 

value, dollars., 
sold, dollars.. 

Valor of specified erops harvested, except fruits, outs, 
horticultural specialties, and vegetables dollars.. 

Valor of crops Sold, except fruits, nuts, horti rut tnra I 
specialties, and vegetables dollars. . 

Vegetables for bone use snd for sale (other than Irish 
sod sveet potatoes I: 

Vegetables harvested for home use 19 farms reporting.. 

value, dollars.. 

Vegetables harvested for sale 20 farms reporting.. 

acres. . 

Sold dollars. . 

Asparagus farms reporting. . 

acres.. 

Beans, green lima farms reporting.. 

acres.. 

See footnotes at end of table. 



2 
22 

1,100 

605 

332 

497 

6,801 

4,651 

128,066 

64,034 

2 
22 

2,000 
220 
121 

1 
25 

540 
113 
62 

909 

17,627 

3,682,302 

662,814 

570,020 

10 

135 

27,210 

6,530 

4,571 

20 

262 

42,198 

7,596 

5,316 

65 
2,153 
1,401 



10,207 

17 4,560 

747,206 

1,203,002 

873,268 

95 
1,538 

2,316,118 
92,645 
78,749 



3,696 

4,603 

17 4,244 

859,588 

1,349,553 

1,157,342 

5,585 

47,645 

38,297,862 

15,319,145 

15,319,145 

180 

981 

56,808 

198,828 

198,828 

39 
4,096 
2,120 



97,787,094 
47,509,711 



24,156 
(NA) 

5,345 

94,078 

10,838,366 

120 

1,819 

533 

6,443 



2 

23 

405 

608 

(NA) 

1,404 

17,089 

10,703 

338,213 

(NA) 

2 

79 

1,380 

207 

(NA) 

3 

48 

2,777 

1,718 

(NA) 

916 

13,928 

2,770,746 

166,241 

(NA) 

12 

339 

54,236 

8,135 

(NA 

29 

288 

21,019 

4,623 

(NA) 

95 

2,852 

(NA) 



12,938 

17 9,259 

1,338,394 

2,036,224 

(NA) 

23 

434 

640,600 

44,842 

(NA) 



(NA) 

4,272 
17 5,999 
873,082 

1,623,368 
(NA) 

5,741 

46,885 

35,532,656 

17,233,339 

(NA) 

99 

368 

22,921 

59,486 

(NA) 

6 

18 87,264 

(NA) 



18 77,624,845 
1S 36,145,770 



27,994 
(NA) 

7,711 

99,869 

1,81 3,008 

213 
1,434 

734 
8,835 



(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 

795 

8,402 

6,780 

163,248 

(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 

9,794 

(NA) 



17,279 

16,131 

1,330,773 

2,387,941 

(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 

5,359 

9,742 

1,501,834 

2,482,667 

(NA) 

5,670 

43,781 

31,721,528 

17,439,583 

(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 



(NA) 
158 
(NA) 



77,519,894 
28,990,598 



35,043 
3,744,888 

14,240 
161,913 
14,782,559 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 



(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 

15 2,997 

15 36,826 

15 33,684 

15 258,394 

(NA) 

185 

2,030 

141,420 

7,092 

(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 

323 

3,340 

608,473 

30,965 

(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 

9,686 

(NA) 



19,187 

19,406 

1,930,061 

1,762,411 

(NA) 

58 

165 

170,800 

6,099 

(NA) 

11 

63 

(NA) 

5,543 

7,363 

1,266,596 

837,721 

(NA) 

5,284 

39,911 

28,209,323 

5,352,969 

(NA) 

239 

927 

38,271 

93,763 

(NA) 



(NA) 

46,811 

(NA) 



32,865,187 
14,805,635 



35,301 
1,887,720 

12,941 

118,366 

5,742,884 

551 

1,913 

1,170 

4,725 



(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 

(**) 
(NA) 



27,379 

33,547 

3,404,271 

1,838,306 

(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 

7,266 

7,379 

949,981 

750,485 

(NA) 

5,636 

36,381 

24,798,728 

4,711,758 

(NA) 

(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 

(NA) 
(„) 

(NA) 



(*») 
(NA) 



35,488 
1,402,595 

(NA) 
159,194 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 



(NA) 

(NA) 

(NA) 

(NA) 

(NA) 

16 1,996 

16 22,035 

16 30,223 

16 355,337 

(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 

87 

546 

57,285 

4,140 

(NA) 

(NA) 
(«*) 
(NA) 



29,755 

29,958 

3,366,152 

4,611,931 

(NA) 



800 

42 

(NA) 

5 

50 

(NA) 

8,148 

8,984 

1,629,673 

1,599,256 

(NA) 

5,477 

32,864 

21,624,127 

5,846,647 

(NA) 

150 

384 

16,053 

44,146 

(NA) 



(NA) 
(«•) 
(NA) 



(**) 
(NA) 



35,678 
2,302,581 

18,776 

154,196 

11,796,789 

979 

1,844 

716 

2,259 



(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(**) 
(NA) 



25,963 

36,501 

3,408,106 

2,876,980 

(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 

5,949 

6,683 

941,314 

1,317,839 

(NA) 

5,773 

31,700 

22,473,735 

6,236,889 

(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(*•) 
(NA) 



(«*) 
(NA) 



(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 



MARYLAND 

State Table 16.-SPECIFIED CROPS HARVESTED: ' CENSUSES OF 1920 TO 1954-^ontinued 



149 



Item 
(For definitions and explanations, see text) 



Census of— 



1954 
(November) 



1950 
(April 1) 



1945 
(January 1) 



1940 
(April 1) 



1935 
(January 1) 



1930 
(April 1) 



1925 
( January 1 ) 



1920 
(January 1) 



Vegetables for home use and for sole (other than Irish 
unil s»eel polaloes) — Continued 
Vegetables harvested for sale 20 — Continued 

Beans, snap (bush and pole types) farms reporting. 

acres . 

Beets (table) farms reporting. 

acres. 

Broccoli farms reporting. 

acres. 

Cabbage farms reporting. 

acres. 

Cantaloups and mustanelons farms reporting. 

acres. 

Carrots farms reporting. 

acres. 

Cauliflower farms reporting. 

acres. 

Collards farms reporting. 

acres. 

Corn, sweet farms reporting. 

acres. 

Cucumbers and pickles farms reporting. 

acres. 

Kale farms reporting. 

acres. 

Mustard greens farms reporting. 

acres. 

Onions, green and shallots farms reporting. 

acres. 

Peas, green farms reporting. 

acres . 

Peppers, sweet and pimientos farms reporting. 

acres. 

Pumpkins farms reporting. 

acres. 

Rhubarb farms reporting. 

acro<5. 

Spinach farms reporting. 

acres. 

Squash farms reporting. 

acres. 

Tomatoes farms reporting. 

acres. 

Turnips farms reporting . 

acres. 

Turnip greens farms reporting. 

acres. 

Watermelons farms reporting. 

acres. 

Other vegetables acres. 

Berries am! other snail fruits harvested for Bal«! 23 

Blueberries (tame) farms reporting. 

acres. 

quarts. 

value, dollars. 

Raspberries (tame) farms reporting. 

acres. 

quarts. 

value, dollars. 

Strawberries farms reporting. 

acres. 

quarts. 

value, dollars. 

Other berries and small fruits acres. 

value, dollars. 

Tree fruits, nuts, ant) grapes: 

Land in bearing and nonbearing fruit orchards, groves, 

vineyards, and planted nut trees farms reporting. 

acres. 

Apples farms reporting. 

Trees of all ages number. 

Trees not of bearing age farms reporting. 

number. 

Trees of bearing age farms reporting. 

number. 

Quantity harvested farms reporting. 

bushels. 
value, dollars. 

Cherries farms reporting . 

Trees of all ages number. 

Trees not of bearing age farms reporting. 

number. 

Trees of bearing age farms reporting. 

number. 

Quantity harvested farms reporting. 

pounds, 
value, dollars. 

See footnotes at end of table. 



969 
12,975 

75 
122 

32 

906 

285 
592 

721 
1,969 

23 
57 



59 
397 

2,506 
33,019 

1,346 
3,863 

121 
613 

39 
211 

57 
74 

493 
8,574 

669 
1,796 

54 
102 



2,285 

178 
554 

2,469 
13,271 

155 
360 

31 
283 

710 
3,340 

290 



12 

131 

188,423 

65,949 

213 

195 

196,820 

68,889 

701 

728 

,553,458 

528,176 

26 

4,088 



2 'l,801 
2 '16,142 

"l,776 

2 '434, 220 

"645 

2 'll2,797 

2 '1,549 

2 '321,423 

2 '1,176 

2 *1,502,107 

2 '3, 079,323 

2 *750 

2 '17,417 

2 '310 

2 '5,842 

2 '553 

2 '11,575 

2 '329 

2 '320, 054 

2 '35,209 



1,232 
13,471 

240 
282 

48 
229 

428 
797 

722 
2,373 

26 

40 

6 
3 



3,467 
34,105 

2,029 
6,448 

161 
535 

38 
135 

91 
104 

582 
4,827 

526 
778 

36 
87 

36 

29 

214 
1,466 

223 
392 

4,015 
19,224 

160 
402 

15 
56 

795 
3,251 

401 



15 

97 

83,928 

26,857 

346 

370 

394,051 

139,474 

1,428 

1,609 

2,118,826 

646,785 

77 

7,178 



12,288 
2 '23,427 

9,404 

642,665 

2,823 

205,054 

7,775 

437,611 

3,792 

1,157,099 

2,113,531 

3,138 

20,809 

1,248 

6,524 

2,173 

14,285 

863 

254,261 

38,139 



2,492 
19,351 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

885 
1,544 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

5,366 
43,252 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

1,673 
9,777 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 

(NA) 

9,544 

50,179 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 



15 

60 

5,864 

1,634 

796 

713 

790,807 

238,643 

1,252 

1,522 

,504,454 

456,719 

156 

26,350 



3,943 
25,923 

13,527 

855,735 

(NA) 

(NA) 

(NA) 

(NA) 

(NA) 

2,175,427 

3,954,953 

5,498 

26,877 

(NA) 

(NA) 

(NA) 

(NA) 

(NA) 

759,076 

90,868 



2,058 
11,722 

407 
420 

19 
140 

754 
1,331 

1,532 
6,628 

230 
104 

30 
24 

5 
6 

3,840 

27,980 

1,912 
4,197 

167 
349 

13 
6 

52 

46 

1,422 
7,377 

570 
749 

212 
1,163 

89 
74 

402 
3,310 

171 

251 

8,782 
39,301 

142 
333 

2 
20 

1,175 
4,776 



5 

(Z) 

185 

21 

1,034 

913 

1,061,292 

119,084 

3,348 

6,238 

8,169,226 

690,872 

146 

12,781 



5,539 
27,950 

12,866 

872,225 

2,027 

105,837 

11,958 

766,368 

9,609 

2,075,261 

1,197,701 

3,973 

22,017 

894 

5,106 

3,336 

16,911 

1,786 

152,092 

9,503 



4,799 
17,242 

(MA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

2,258 
3,396 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 

(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

6,680 
34,259 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 

(NA) 

(NA) 

(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

14,413 
60,933 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

1,234 
2,581 

(NA) 



(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 

(NA) 

(NA) 

(NA) 

(NA) 

(NA) 

4,056 

7,270 

11,756,334 

646,598 

(NA) 

(NA) 



12,220 
42,234 

18,189 

1,331,537 

(NA) 

122,601 

(NA) 

1,208,936 

(NA) 

1,337,395 

1,203,656 

7,578 

43,013 

(NA) 

8,356 

(NA) 

34,657 

(NA) 

562,072 

17,565 



4,199 
13,588 

100 
105 

16 
28 

2,047 
2,594 

2,585 
6,868 

59 

51 



6,515 

45,217 

2,586 
3,490 

126 
273 

(NA) 
(NA) 

25 
11 

2,782 

11,694 

22 362 
22 473 

39 
107 

16 

21 

911 

4,474 



13,090 
55,955 

100 
234 

(NA) 

(NA) 

654 

1,418 

3,374 



. 17 

821 

802,238 

134,252 

6,022 

9,390 

16,804,082 

1,837,912 

731 

82,568 



19,564 
51.953 

27,028 

1,858,651 

(NA) 

273,868 

(NA) 

1,584,783 

(NA) 

2,087,153 

2,415,850 

10,526 

46,090 

(NA) 

8,218 

(NA) 

37,872 

(NA) 

940,800 

63,466 



(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

2,260 
2,418 

2,835 
5,903 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 

(NA) 

6,841 
43,051 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 

(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 

(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 

(NA) 

13,662 
52,892 

(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 

990 
2,115 

(NA) 



(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
5,748 
11,995 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 



(NA) 
(NA) 

36,602 

2,185,103 

(NA) 

488,554 

(NA) 

1,696,549 

(NA) 

1,734,056 

1,690,702 

(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 



150 



STATISTICS FOR THE STATE 

State Table 16.-SPECIFIED CROPS HARVESTED:' CENSUSES OF 1920 TO 1954-Continued 



(For definitions and explanations, see text) 



Tree fruits, nuts, and grapes— Continued 

Grapes farms reporting. 

Vines of all ages number. 

Vines not of bearing age farms reporting. 

number. 

Vines of bearing age farms reporting. 

number. 

Quantity harvested farms reporting. 

pounds, 
value, dollars. 

Peaches farms reporting. 

Trees of all ages number. 

Trees not of bearing age farms reporting. 

number. 

Trees of bearing age farms reporting. 

number. 

Quantity harvested farms reporting. 

bushels, 
value, dollars. 

Pears farms reporting. 

Trees of all ages number. 

Trees not of bearing age farms reporting. 

number. 

Trees of bearing age farms reporting. 

number. 

Quantity harvested farms report ing . . 

bushels. . 
value, dollars., 

Plums and prunes farms reporting., 

Trees of all ages number.. 

Trees not of bearing age farms reporting. , 

number. . 

Trees of bearing age farms reporting.. 

number. . 

Quantity harvested farms reporting., 

bushels. . 
value, dollars.. 

Chestnuts farms reporting. . 

Trees of all ages number.. 

Trees not of bearing age farms reporting.. 

number. , 

Trees of bearing age farms reporting.. 

number. . 

Quantity harvested farms reporting. . 

pounds., 
value, dollars.. 

Walnuts, black farms reporting.. 

Trees of all ages number.. 

Trees not of bearing age farms reporting.. 

number. . 

Trees of bearing age farms reporting.. 

number.. 

Quantity harvested farms reporting.. 

pounds., 
value, dollars.. 

Other tree fruits and nuts value, dollars.. 

Value of fruits, including berries and other small 

fruits, and nuts harvested dollars.. 

Value of fruits, including berries and other small 

fruits, and nuts sold dollars.. 



1954 

(November) 



"732 

"20,098 

"213 

"4,889 

"614 

"15,209 

"435 

"98,848 

"4,939 

"1,121 

"289,533 

"438 

"56,502 

"944 

"233,031 

24 716 

"487,862 

*1, 170, 868 

"1,004 

"13,597 

"331 

"2,818 

2 '80S 

"10,779 

"520 

"7,685 

"13,450 

"537 
"14,218 

2 '200 
"3,382 

"382 
"10,836 

2 '197 
"16,539 
"37,213 

2 '71 
"2,754 

"41 
"1,749 

2 '40 
"1,005 

"20 

"1,988 

"496 

2 '162 

"2,358 

"55 

2 '441 

125 

1,917 

2 '74 

"32,212 

"1,610 

"1,212 

"5,011,422 

"5,011,422 



1950 
(April 1) 



24 



5,091 
45,779 

1,074 
13,334 

4,209 
32,445 

2,382 
182,005 

9,758 

5,212 
525,679 

2,199 
123,992 

3,667 
401,687 

1,803 
453,532 
797,478 

5,339 

27,854 

1,434 

7,507 

4,285 

20,347 

1,963 

13,535 

22,116 

2,071 

14,662 

881 

4,047 

1,313 

10,615 

337 

5,405 

16,215 

57 

3,474 

31 

2,529 

28 

945 

11 

6,758 

338 

469 

2,535 

117 

657 

366 

1,878 

209 

3,909 

195 

1,146 

3,819,210 

2,900,242 



1945 
( January 1 ) 



6,095 

58,448 

(HA) 

(NA) 

(NA) 

(NA) 

(NA) 

622,575 

28,235 

6,422 

645,025 

(NA) 

(NA) 

(NA) 

(NA) 

(NA) 

801,054 

1,788,191 

8,118 

55,320 

(NA) 

(NA) 

(NA) 

(NA) 

(NA) 

71,998 

87,747 

1,802 

9,096 

(NA) 

(NA) 

(NA) 

(NA) 

(NA) 

4,949 

13,305 

(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 

1,062 

6,687,707 

4,596,551 



1940 
(April 1) 



4,715 
80,308 
499 
11,913 
4,307 
68,395 
3,257 
588, 572 
14,713 

5,310 
661,668 

1,392 
243,037 

4,381 
418,631 

3,269 
497,567 
511,316 

6,080 

43,884 

753 

4,280 

5,533 
39,604 

3,948 
41,754 
27,259 

2,168 
12,920 

538 
6,188 
1,735 
6,732 

857 
3,762 
4,136 

(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 

3 

1,190 

2 

190 

1 

1,000 

1 

3,000 

300 

2,853 

2,590,539 

1,994,652 



1935 

(January 1) 



8,644 

211,865 

(NA) 

15,410 

(NA) 

196,455 

(NA) 

1,343,470 

33,587 

7,147 

658,171 

(NA) 

124,659 

(NA) 

533,512 

(NA) 

53,774 

91,416 

10,778 
75,131 

(NA) 
6,152 

(NA) 
68,979 

(NA) 
88,920 
53,352 

4,001 

16,811 

(NA) 

3,360 

(NA) 

13,431 

(NA) 

3,729 

5,221 

(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 

(«) 

(**) 

(NA) 



1930 
(April 1) 



12,285 

268,391 

(NA) 

42,251 

(NA) 

226,140 

(NA) 

1,292,069 

41,392 

13,809 
894,483 

(NA) 
214,225 

(NA) 
680,258 

(NA) 
654,669 
838,421 

15,550 

174,068 

(NA) 

14,070 

(NA) 

159,998 

(NA) 

112,861 

94,223 

7,150 

28,126 

(NA) 

5,961 

(NA) 

22,165 

(NA) 

■9,713 

15,028 



1,125 
(NA) 
550 
(NA) 
575 
(NA) 
1,550 
124 

(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 

(«) 

(*») 

(NA) 



1925 
(January 1) 



21,626 
328,839 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 

19,010 

1,042,883 

(NA) 

(NA) 

(NA) 

(NA) 

(NA) 

544, 138 

773,858 

24,848 
285,981 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 

12,591 
50,867 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 

(**) 

(«) 

(NA) 



1920 
( January 1 ) 



(NA) 



**Available data not comparable. NA Not available. 2 Reported in small fractions. figures for cropland harvested and specified crops relate to the crop years 1954, 
1949, 1944, 1939, 1934, 1929, 1924, and 1919. 2 Total acreage of crops for which figures are available, except that corn cut for forage was excluded as most of this acreage was 
probably duplicated in the acreage of corn harvested for grain. ^Includes value of horticultural specialties. See State Table 15. For comparability, see other footnotes and 
text. *Corn cut for forage. 5 Value of corn and other corn products sold. 6 Sorghum hogged or grazed. or cut for forage or hay included in "Other field crops." 7 0ats cut 
for feeding unthreshed included with "Oats, wheat, barley, rye, and other small grains cut for hay." 8 The 1944 and 1939 figures do not include acres plowed under for green manure. 
The 1944 figures are for acres grown alone. 9 For 1944, soybeans and cowpeas harvested for hay. Prior to 1944, annual legumes saved for hay, but excluding vetches in 1924. 

Does not include acres hogged or grazed or cut for silage; or plowed under for green manure. 11 See soybeans cut for hay. 12 For figures on annual legumes saved for hay, in- 
cluding cowpeas, see soybeans qut for hay. 13 For all censuses except 1950, obtained by adding the individual hay crops. li Silage crops other than corn and sorghum. 
15 Clover seed, except sweetclover. 16 Clover seed, including sweetclover. 17 For 1954, does not include acreage for farms with less than 20 bushels harvested; for 1949, does 
not include acreage for farms with less than 15 bushels harvested. See text. 18 Includes receipts from sale of pasture and grazing privileges. 19 Excludes Irish potatoes and 
sweetpotatoes, except for 1920 Census which included potatoes for home use only. 20 Excludes Irish and sweet potatoes. 2 *Green lima beans included with snap beans. "in- 
cludes hot peppers. 23 For censuses prior to 1950, small fruits harvested for home use or for sale. 24 Does not include data for farms with less than 20 trees or grapevines. 
See text. 25 Does not include acreage for farms reporting less than 1/2 acre. See text. 



MARYLAND 



151 



State Table 17,-FARMS REPORTING BY SPECIFIED ACRES, QUANTITY HARVESTED, AND QUANTITY SOLD FOR SPECMED 

CROPS: CENSUS OF 1954 

[Data are based on reports for only a sample of farms. See text] 



CORN 

By acres harvested for all 

purposes farms reporting. 

bushels . 

Under 3 acres farms reporting. 

3 or 4 acres farms reporting . 

5 to 10 acres farms reporting . 

11 to 15 acres farms reporting. 

16 to 19 acres farms reporting. 

20 to 24 acres farms reporting. 

25 to 49 acres farms reporting. 

50 to 74 acres farms reporting. 

75 to 99 acres farms reporting. 

100 to 149 acres farms reporting. 

150 to 199 acres farms reporting. 

200 to 249 acres farms reporting. 

250 to 299 acres farms reporting. 

300 acres and over farms reporting. 

By acres harvested for 

grain farms reporting. 

acres . 

Under 3 acres farms reporting. 

3 or 4 acres farms reporting . 

5 to 10 acres farms reporting. 

11 to 15 acres farms reporting. 

16 to 19 acres farms reporting. 

20 to 24 acres farms reporting. 

25 to 29 acres farms reporting. 

30 to 49 acres farms reporting. 

50 to 74 acres farms reporting. 

75 to 99 acres farms reporting . 

100 to 149 acres farms reporting. 

150 to 199 acres farms reporting. 

200 to 249 acres farms reporting. 

250 to 299 acres farms reporting. 

300 acres and over farms reporting . 

By quantity sold farms reporting. 

bushels . 

Under 25 bushels farms reporting. 

25 to 49 bushels farms reporting. 

50 to 99 bushels farms reporting . 

100 to 499 bushels farms reporting. 

500 to 999 bushels farms reporting. 

1,000 to 1,499 bushels farms reporting. 

1,500 to 1,999 bushels farms reporting. 

2,000 to 2,999 bushels farms reporting. 

3,000 to 4,999 bushels farms reporting. 

5,000 to 9,999 bushels farms reporting. 

10,000 bushels and over farms reporting. 

WHEAT 
By acres threshed or 

combined farms reporting. 

acres. 

Under 5 acres farms reporting . 

5 to 9 acres farms reporting. 

10 to 24 acres farms reporting. 

25 to 49 acres farms reporting. 

50 to 99 acres farms reporting . 

100 acres and over farms reporting. 

By quantity harvested. .. .farms reporting, 
bushels. 

Under 25 bushels farms reporting. 

25 to 49 bushels farms reporting. 

50 to 99 bushels farms reporting. 

100 to 499 bushels farms reporting. 

500 to 999 bushels farms reporting. 

1,000 to 1,499 bushels farms reporting. 

1,500 to 1,999 bushels farms reporting. 

2,000 to 2,999 bushels farms reporting. 

3,000 to 4,999 bushels farms reporting. 

5,000 bushels and over farms reporting. 

By quantity sold farms reporting. 

bushels. 

Under 25 bushels farms reporting. 

25 to 49 bushels farms reporting. 

50 to 99 bushels farms reporting . 

100 to 499 bushels farms reporting. 

500 to 999 bushels farms reporting. 

1,000 to 1,499 bushels farms reporting. 

1,500 to 1,999 bushels farms reporting. 

2,000 to 2,999 bushels farms reporting. 

3,000 to 4,999 bushels farms reporting. 

5,000 bushels and over farms reporting. 

OATS 

By acres threshed or 

combined farms reporting. 

acres . 

Under 5 acres farms reporting. 

5 to 9 acres farms reporting. 

10 to 24 acres farms reporting. 

25 to 49 acres farms reporting. 

50 to 99 acres farms reporting. 

100 acres and over farms reporting. 



State 
total 



22,458 
498,647 
1,950 
2,211 
5,703 
2,865 
1,412 
1,723 
4,222 
1,256 

526 
388 
96 

58 
23 
25 

21,423 
427,032 
2,010 
2,452 
6,059 
2,859 
1,253 
1,520 
1,119 
2,242 

971 
454 
305 
88 
46 
25 
20 

8,825 

,136,468 

75 

100 

405 

3,921 

1,876 

933 

455 
540 
286 
198 
36 



10,446 

188,965 

1,451 

2,390 

4/271 

1,752 

474 

108 

10,446 

,785,806 

120 

350 

957 

5,800 

2,045 

719 
248 
146 
49 
12 

8,406 

,980,208 

95 

170 

596 

4,929 

1,661 

587 
193 
120 
43 
12 



7,257 

73, 562 

1,897 

2,487 

2,345 

490 

32 

6 



OATS — Continued 

By quantity harvested .. .farms reporting. 
bushels . 

Under 25 bushels farms reporting. 

25 to 49 bushels farms reporting. 

50 to 99 bushels farms reporting . 

100 to 499 bushels farms reporting. 

500 to 999 bushels farms reporting. 

1,000 to 1,499 bushels farms reporting. 

1,500 to 1,999 bushels farms reporting. 

2,000 bushels and over farms reporting. 

By quantity sold farms reporting. 

bushels. 

Under 25 bushels farms reporting. 

25 to 49 bushels farms reporting. 

50 to 99 bushels farms reporting. 

100 to 499 bushels farms reporting. 

500 to 999 bushels farms reporting. 

1,000 to 1,499 bushels farms reporting. 

1,500 to 1,999 bushels farms reporting. 

2,000 bushels and over farms reporting. 

BARLEY 

By acres threshed or 

combined farms reporting. 

acres . 

Under 5 acres farms reporting. 

5 to 9 acres farms reporting . 

10 to 24 acres farms reporting. 

25 to 49 acres farms reporting. 

50 to 99 acres farms reporting. 

100 acres and over farms reporting. 

By quantity harvested .. .farms reporting. 
bushels . 

Under 25 bushels farms reporting. 

25 to 49 bushels farms reporting. 

50 to 99 bushels farms reporting. 

100 to 499 bushels farms reporting. 

500 to 999 bushels farms reporting. 

1,000 to 1,499 bushels farms reporting. 

1,500 to 1,999 bushels farms reporting. 

2,000 to 2,999 bushels farms reporting. 

3,000 bushels and over farms reporting. 

By quantity sold farms reporting. 

bushels. 

Under 25 bushels farms reporting. 

25 to 49 bushels farms reporting. 

50 to 99 bushels farms reporting. 

100 to 499 bushels farms reporting. 

500 to 999 bushels farms reporting. 

1,000 to 1,499 bushels farms reporting. 

1,500 to 1,999 bushels farms reporting. 

2,000 to 2,999 bushels farms reporting. 

3,000 bushels and over farms reporting. 

RYE 

By acres threshed or 

combined farms reporting. 

acres. 

Under 5 acres farms reporting. 

5 to 9 acres farms reporting. 

10 to 24 acres farms reporting. 

25 to 49 acres farms reporting. 

50 acres and over farms reporting. 

By quantity harvested .. .farms reporting., 
bushels. . 

Under 25 bushels farms reporting.. 

25 to 49 bushels farms reporting.. 

50 to 99 bushels farms reporting.. 

100 to 499 bushels farms reporting.. 

500 to 999 bushels farms reporting.. 

1,000 to 1,499 bushels farms reporting.. 

1,500 bushels and over farms reporting.. 

By quantity sold farms reporting . . 

bushels . . 

Under 25 bushels farms reporting . . 

25 to 49 bushels farms reporting . . 

50 to 99 bushels farms reporting.. 

100 to 499 bushels farms reporting.. 

500 to 999 bushels farms reporting.. 

1,000 to 1,499 bushels farms reporting.. 

1,500 bushels and over farms reporting.. 

BUCKWHEAT 
By acres threshed or 

combined farms reporting . . 

acres . . 

Under 5 acres farms reporting.. 

5 to 9 acres farms reporting.. 

10 to 24 acres farms reporting.. 

25 acres and over farms reporting.. 

By quantity harvested .. .farms reporting., 
bushels. . 

Under 25 bushels farms reporting.. 

25 to 49 bushels farms reporting . . 

50 to 99 bushels farms reporting . . 

100 bushels and over farms reporting.. 



State 
total 



7,257 

2,947,515 

96 

210 

627 

4,322 

1,412 

379 

118 

93 

1,067 

313,022 

10 

15 

155 

724 

119 

1. 

21 



6,767 

88,261 

1,204 

2,142 

2,635 

575 

185 

26 

6,767 

3,321,906 

35 

126 

435 

3,905 

1,496 

432 

160 

122 

56 

1,844 

652,387 

5 

75 

160 

1,217 

270 

81 

15 

10 

11 



1,917 

17,515 

696 

583 

532 

72 

34 

1,917 

344,621 

122 

256 

529 

908 

64 

23 

15 

903 

195,369 

85 

61 

178 
518 
28 

19 
14 



356 

1,775 

225 

90 

35 
6 

356 
47,675 
45 
30 
95 

186 



SOYBEANS 

By acres harvested for all 

purposes farms reporting. 

acres . 

Under 5 acres farms reporting. 

5 to 9 acres farms reporting. 

10 to 24 acres farms reporting. 

25 to 49 acres farms reporting. 

50 to 99 acres farms repprting. 

100 to 199 acres farms reporting. 

200 to 299 acres farms reporting. 

300 acres and over farms reporting. 

By acres harvested for 

beans farms reporting . 

acres. 

Under 5 acres farms reporting. 

5 to 9 acres farms reporting. 

10 to 24 acres farms reporting . 

25 to 49 acres farms reporting . 

50 to 99 acres farms reporting . 

100 to 199 acres farms reporting. 

200 to 299 acres farms reporting. 

300 acres and over farms reporting. 

By quantity harvested. .farms reporting, 
bushels . 

Under 25 bushels farms reporting. 

25 to 49 bushels farms reporting. 

50 to 99 bushels farms reporting. 

100 to 499 bushels farms reporting. 

500 to 999 bushels farms reporting. 

1,000 to 1,499 bushels farms reporting. 

1,500 to 1,999 bushels. .. .farms reporting. 
2,000 to 2,999 bushels. .. .farms reporting. 

3,000 to 4,999 bushels farms reporting. 

5,000 bushels and over .... farms reporting. 



By acres cut for 

hay farms reporting . 

acres. 

Under 5 acres farms reporting . 

5 to 9 acres farms reporting . 

10 to 24 acres farms reporting. 

25 acres and over farms reporting. 

By quantity harvested. .farms reporting, 
tons. 

Under 25 tons farms reporting. 

25 to 49 tons farms reporting. 

50 to 99 tons farms reporting. 

100 tons and over farms reporting. 

By acres ho^^ed or grazed, 

or cut for silage farms reporting. 

acres. 

Under 5 acres farms reporting. 

5 to 9 acres farms reporting. 

10 to 24 acres farms reporting . 

25 to 49 acres farms reporting. 

50 acres and over farms reporting. 



ALFALFA AND ALFALFA MIXTURES 

By acres cut for hay (and 

for dehydrating) farms reporting. 

acres. 

Under 5 acres farms reporting. 

5 to 9 acres farms reporting. 

10 to 24 acres farms reporting. 

25 to 49 acres farms reporting. 

50 to 99 Bcres farms reporting. 

100 acres and over farms reporting. 

By quantity harvested. .farms reporting, 
tons. 

Under 25 tons farms reporting. 

25 to 49 tons farms reporting. 

50 to 99 tons farms reporting . 

100 tons and over farms reporting. 



CLOVER, TIMOTHY, AND MIXTURES OF 
CLOVER AND GRASSES 

By acres cut for hay... farms reporting, 
acres. 

Under 5 acres farms reporting. 

5 to 9 acres farms reporting. 

10 to 24 acres farms reporting. 

25 to 49 acres farms reporting. 

i0 to 99 acres farms reporting. 

'00 to 199 acres farms reporting. 

200 acres and over farms reporting. 



152 



STATISTICS FOR THE STATE 



State Table 17—FARMS REPORTING BY SPECfflED ACRES, QUANTITY HARVESTED, AND QUANTITY SOLD FOR SPECIFIED 

CROPS: CENSUS OF 1954-Continued 

[Data are based on reports for only a sample of farms. See text] 



Item 


State 
total 


Item 


State 
total 


Item 


State 
total 


CLOVER, TIMOTHY, Ah 
CLOVER AND GRASSE, 


D MIXTURES OF 
3 — Continued 

..farms reporting... 
tons.. . 


12,245 

303,609 
8,163 
2,499 

1,206 
377 

985 

17,816 
781 
126 

45 
13 

4,195 

57, 887 

-10 

1,067 

1,669 

570 

71 
S 

4,195 

64, 870 

3,332 

643 

190 

25 

1,215 

9,114 

490 

424 

257 
44 

1,215 
12,18€ 

1,090 

106 

19 

2,192 

33, 746 
541 
511 
778 
242 
95 
15 
10 

2,192 

36,691 

1,820 

209 

119 

44 

1,240 

27,518 

-5 

302 

552 

210 

55 

25 

11 

1,240 

144,706 

166 

287 

347 

398 

30 

12 

10,043 
3,713 
8,482 

879 

532 

57 

40 

21 

8 

4 

20 


IRISH POTATOES- 
By quantity harvested . 


-Continued 

..farms reporting... 

bushels . . . 

..farms reporting... 


10,043 

722,157 

7,650 

1,374 

574 

327 

42 

30 
6 

6 

20 

4,412 

5,294 

3,854 

100 

136 

55 

100 
42 
25 

18 

4,412 
1,043,227 
3,787 
136 
61 
152 
61 

26 

41 

41 
44 
35 

2-' 

5,601 

50,035 

15 

65 

660 

991 

1,866 

1,557 

324 

110 

13 

5,601 

40,576,175 

50 

255 

205 

296 

591 

1,035 

1,-82 

1,287 

5,663 

11,606,390 

90 

200 

436 

2,106 

1,079 

541 

264 
299 
255 
236 

157 

2,070 

15,753 

267 

348 
874 
201 
173 

71 
36 
10 
72 

18 


APPLES 2 


•farms reporting... 

.farms reporting... 
number of trees . . . 
.farms reporting... 
.farms reporting... 
•farms reporting... 
.farms reporting... 

.farms reporting... 
-farms reporting... 
-farms reporting... 

•farms reporting... 
.farms reporting... 
. farms report ing .. . 

.farms reporting... 
number of trees .. . 
.farms reporting... 
.farms reporting... 
.farms reporting... 

.farms reporting... 
.farms reporting... 
.farms reporting... 

.farms reporting... 
.farms reporting... 
•farms reporting... 

.farms reporting... 
bushels . . . 
.farms reporting... 
.farms reporting — 
.farms reporting... 
-farms reporting... 

.farms reporting... 
.farms reporting... 
.farms reporting... 

.farms reporting.,, 
.farms reporting... 
.farms reporting... 
.farms reporting... 

2 

.farms reporting... 

.farms reporting... 
number of trees... 
. farms reporting . . . 
• farms reporting . . . 
.farms reporting... 

.farms reporting... 
.farms reporting... 
.farms reporting... 
.farms reporting... 

■farms reporting... 
.farms reporting... 
.farms reporting... 

.farms reporting... 
number of trees . . . 
. farms reporting . . . 
.farms reporting... 
. farms report ing . . . 

.farms reporting... 
.farms reporting... 
.farms reporting... 
.farms reporting... 

.farms reporting... 
-farms reporting... 
.farms reporting... 

.farms reporting... 
bushels . . . 
.farms reporting... 
.farms reporting... 
.farms reporting... 
.farms reporting... 
.farms reporting... 
.farms reporting... 
•farms reporting... 
•farms reporting... 
.farms reporting... 
.farms reporting — 
.farms reporting... 




By quantity harvested.. 


By trees not of bearing 


689 

106,645 

75 

186 

226 






100 to 499 bushels 


..farms reporting... 
..farms reporting... 




..farms reporting — 
..farms reporting... 




..farms reporting... 

tons — 

..farms reporting... 


1,000 to 1,499 bushel6 farms reporting... 

1,500 to 1,999 bushels farms reporting... 

2,000 to 2,999 bushels farms reporting... 

3,000 to 4,999 bushels farms reporting... 

5,000 to 9,999 bushels farms reporting... 

10,000 bushels and over. .. .farms reporting... 

SWEETP0TAT0ES 
By acres harvested for home use 

acres 1 . . 






25 
40 
16 

20 
10 
16 






200 to 299 trees 

300 to 499 trees 

By trees of bearing 

500 to 999 trees 

1,000 to 1,499 trees 

1,500 to 1,999 trees 

2,000 to 2,999 trees 

By quantity harvested.. 






LES^EDEZA 
By acres cut for hay.. 


..farms reporting... 

. . farms report i ng . . . 
acres. . . 












1,860 






292,498 




..farms reporting... 


1,106 

315 


By quantity harvested. 


..farms reporting... 

tons . . . 

..farms reporting... 


196 
















36 




. . farms reporting . . . 


By quantity harvested. 


..farms reporting... 

..farms reporting... 
bushels . . . 


25 


OATS, WHEAT, BARI 


..farms reporting... 

EY, RYE, OR 
GRAINS 

acres. . . 


20 
22 
17 


OTHER SMALL 
By acres out for hay.. 




..farms reporting... 

..farms reporting... 


1,371 




1,000 to 1,499 bushels... 
1,500 to 1,999 bushels... 
2,000 to 2,99? bushels... 


..farms reporting... 

..farms reporting... 
..farms reporting... 
..farms reporting... 
















186 

273 


By quantity harvested. 


. .farms reporting. . . 
tons . . . 


1,000 to 1,499 bushels 

1,500 to 1,999 bushels 

2,000 to 2,999 bushels 

3,000 to 4,999 bushels 

5,000 to 9,999 bushels 

10,000 bushels and over... 

PEACHES 
By trees not of bearing 


5,000 to 9,999 bushels farms reporting... 

10,000 bushels and over.. . .farms reporting... 

TOBACCO 

acres . . . 


20 
11 






OTHER HAY 

By acres cut for hay farms reporting... 

acres . . . 


16 

5 

10 

48 


















1,311 








..farms reporting... 








..farms reporting... 
. . farms report ing . . . 








565 

73,442 

165 


By quantity harvested. 


..farms reporting... 

tons . . . 


By quantity harvested .. .farms reporting... 
pound s . . . 

10,000 pounds and over farms reporting... 

VEGETABLES HARVESTED FOR SALE 
(Other than Irish and sweet potatoes) 








95 
121 






41 
30 
35 




GRASSES, ALFALFA, 
„L GRAINS 


GRASS SILAGE MADE FROM 




15 


CLOVER, OR SMA 
By acres cut for 




20 
20 




acres . . . 


23 




By trees of bearing 
















dollars . . . 






farms reporting... 


1,111 






..farms reporting... 




308,107 










769 




.farms reporting. . . 


75 




. . .farms report ing. . . 
tons, green weight... 








70 


By quantity harvested. 


1,000 to 1,499 dollars farms reporting... 

1,500 to 1,999 dollars farms reporting... 

2,000 to 2,999 dollars farms reporting... 

3,000 to 4,999 dollars farms reporting... 

5,000 to 9,999 dollars farms reporting... 

10,000 dollars and over farms reporting... 

LAND IN BEARING AND N0NBEARING FRUIT 

ORCHARDS, GROVES, VINEYARDS, 

AND PLANTED NUT TREES 2 

By acres in orchard farms reporting... 

acres. . . 




70 




1,000 to 1,499 trees 

1,500 to 1,999 trees 

2,000 to 2,999 trees 

By quantity harvested.. 


36 






46 
15 

6 


IRISH POTATOES 

By acres harvested for home use 


15 
9 

864 

618,348 

532 




acres 1 . . 




61 


... n _ 




..farms reporting... 




50 






100 to 499 bushels 


77 










50 








..farms reporting... 


10,000 bushels and over... 


15 

5 

10 








..farms reporting... 


31 






21 










12 









Does not include acreage for farms with less than 20 bushels harvested. See text. 



2 Does not include data for farms with less than 20 trees or grapevines. See text. 






MARYLAND 

State Table 18.-SAMPLING RELIABILITY OF ESTIMATED TOTALS FOR COUNTY, ECONOMIC AREA, 
AND STATE RY NUMRER OF FARMS REPORTING, BY LEVELS 



153 



If the estimated number of 
farms reporting is — 


Then the chances are about 2 in 3 that the estimated total 
would differ from the results of a complete tabulation 
of the items for all farms by less than — 


If the estimated number of 
farms reporting is — 


Then the chances are about 2 in 3 that the estimated total 
would differ from the results of a complete tabulation 
of the items for all farms by less than — 




Level 
l 1 


Level 
2 


Level 
3 


Level 
4 


Level 
l 1 


Level 
2 


Level 
3 


Level 
4 




Percent 

40 
28 
20 
13 
8.9 
6.3 
4.0 


Percent 
53 

37 
26 
17 
12 
8.4 
5.3 


Percent 
71 
50 
35 
22 
16 
11 
7.1 


Percent 
96 
68 
48 
30 
21 
15 
9.6 




Percent 

2.8 
2.0 
1.3 
0.9 
0.6 
0.4 


Percent 

3.7 
2.6 
1.7 

1.2 
0.8 
0.5 


Percent 

5.0 
3.5 
2.2 
1.6 

1.1 
0.7 




Percent 

6.8 






4.8 




25,000 


3.0 




2.1 






1.5 






1.0 













1 Level 1 should be used in determining the sampling reliability of estimated number of farms and farms reporting. If the estimated number of farms or farms reporting consti- 
tutes more than 75 percent of all farms in the universe, a better approximation to the sampling reliability may be obtained by multiplying the percent given in the tables as 
follows: 

1. When the number of farms or farms reporting is 75 percent of all farms, multiply the percent error by 0.50. 

2. When the number of farms or farms reporting is 90 percent of all farms, multiply the percent error by 0,30. 

3. When the number of farms or farms reporting is 95 percent of all farms, multiply the percent error by 0.20. 



State Table 19.-INDICATED LEVEL OF SAMPLING RELIABILITY OF ESTIMATED COUNTY. ECONOMIC AREA, 

AND STATE TOTALS FOR SPECIFIED ITEMS 



[To determine sampling- reliability for an item, it is necessary to use this table to find out which of the 4 levels of sampling reliability given in State Table 18 to use. Reference 

is required also to the county, economic area, or State table in order to obtain the number of farms reporting] 



Level of sampling reliability for specified items by number of milk cows 



All commercial farms 



30 to 49 50 and more 



Dairy farms 



10 to 29 30 to 49 50 and more 



Milk cows number.. 

Whole milk sold pounds . . 

dollars.. 
Cream sold pounds of butterfat. . 

dollars . . 



Level of sampling reliability for specified items by number of chickens on hand 



All commercial farms 



Under 
400 



400 to 
799 



800 to 
1,599 



1,600 to 
3,199 



V' !l 
and over 



Poultry farms 



Under 
400 



400 to 
799 



800 to 
1.599 



1,600 to 
3.199 



3,200 
and over 



Chickens on hand number. 

Chickens sold number. 

Chicken eggs sold dozens. 

Chicken eggs sold, value of sales dollars. 

Value of sales of other poultry products dollars. 



Note: Items whose level is indicated by an X may be approximated by using the level given for the State. 



154 



STATISTICS FOR THE STATE 



State Table 19—INDICATED LEVEL OF SAMPLING RELIABILITY OF ESTIMATED COUNTY, ECONOMIC AREA, 

AND STATE TOTALS FOR SPECIFIED ITEMS-Continued 

(To determine sampling reliability for an item, it is necessary to use this table to find out which of the 4 levels of sampling reliability given in State Table 18 to use. Reference 

is required also to the county, economic area, or State table in order to obtain the number of farms reporting! 



Item 
(For definitions and explanations, see text) 



Tenure groups 



Full 
owners 

and 
managerr 



Part 
owners 



Economic-class groups 



All 
tenants 



I, II 
and 
III 



IV 

and 



VI 

and 
VII 



VIII 
and 

IX 



Type-of-farm groups 



Vegetable 

and 

fruit- 

and-nut 



Other 
field- 
crop 
and 
general— 
primarily 
crop 



Poultry 



Faras and inn characteristics: 

Land owned or managed by farm operators acres. 

Land rented from others by farm operators acres. 

Land rented to others by farm operators .acres. 

Cash rent paid by farm operators dollars. 

Value of land and buildings per farm dollars. 

Land in farms acres. 

Cropland: Total, harvested, pastured, or other. .acres. 

Woodland: Total, pastured or not pastured acres. 

Total pastur eland acres . 

Total irrigated land, land in crops for erosion 

control, or cropland farmed on contour acres. 

Couercial fertilizer: 

Commercial fertilizer purchased tons. 

Acres on which commercial fertilizer applied acres. 

Lime or liming material purchased tons. 

Acres on which lime or liming material applied. . .acres. 
Specified facilities and equipment: 

Grain combines, corn pickers, pick-up balers, 
feed forage harvesters ....number. 

Artificial ponds, reservoirs, and earth tanks.. .number. 

Motortrucks number. 

Tractors: Total, wheel, garden, or crawler number. 

Automobiles number. 

Farm labor: 

Total hired workers and unpaid family workers. .persons. 

Hired workers: 

Regular persons. 

Seasonal persons. 

Paid on daily basis persons. 

ecified farm expenditures: 

Machine hire and/or hired labor dollars. 

Feed for livestock and poultry dollars. 

Gasoline and other petroleum fuel and oil dollars. 

Commercial fertilizer purchased dollars. 

Livestock and livestock products: 

Horses and/or mules number. 

Cattle and calves number. 

Cows including heifers that have calved number. 

Milk cows number. 

Hogs and pigs number. 

Sheep and lambs number. 

Chickens, 4 months old and over, on hand number. 

Cattle and calves sold number. 

Hogs and pigs sold number. 

Sheep shorn pounds of wool. 

Whole milk sold pounds. 

Cream sold pounds of butterfat. 

Chickens sold number. 

Chicken eggs sold dozens. 

Value of products sold by source: 

Hogs and pigs sold dollars. 

Whole milk sold dollars. 

Cream sold dollars. 

Chicken eggs sold dollars. 

Other poultry and poultry products sold dollars. 

Forest products sold dollars. 

Specified crops harvested: 

Corn for all purposes acres . . 

Corn harvested for grain acres., 

bushels harvested.. 

bushels sold. . 



Wheat threshed or combined. 



acres. 

bushels harvested, 
bushels sold. 

Barley threshed or combined acres. 

bushels harvested. 

bushels sold. 



Clover hay. 



acres.. 

tons harvested. . 

Value of vegetables harvested for sale dollars.. 



Note: Items whose level Is indicated by an X may be approximated by using the level given for the State. 






Chapter B 
STATISTICS FOR COUNTIES 



(155) 



> 
c 

<D 



if 

<m 
6) 



o 



o 
u 







158 



STATISTICS FOR COUNTIES 



County Table 1 —FARMS, ACREAGE, VALUE, AND FARM 

[Data for items shown In Italics are based on 



(For definitions and explanations, see text) 



Allegany 



Anne 
Arundel 



Baltimore 
and Balti- 
more City 



FARMS, ACREAGE, AND VALUE 
Farms number 

Approximate land area acres 

Proportion in farms percent 

Land ouned by farm operators acres 

Land rented from others by farm operators. . . .acres 

Land managed by farm operators acres 

Land rented to others by farm operators 
(see text} acres 

Land in farms acres 

Average size of farm acres 

Value of land and buildings: 

Average per farm doll ars 

Average per acre dollars 

Proportion of farms reporting value percent 

Land in farup accordiog to use: 

Cropland harvested farms reporting 

acres 

1 to 9 acres farms reporting 

10 to 19 acres farms reporting 

20 to 29 acres farms reporting 

30 to 49 acres farms reporting 

50 to 99 acres farms reporting 

100 to 199 acres farms reporting 

200 acres and over farms reporting 

Cropland used only for pasture. .farms reporting 

acres 

Cropland not harvested and not 
pastured farms reporting 



1954. 
1950. 
1954. 
1954. 
195*.. 
1954., 
1954. . 

1954., 

1954. 
1950. 
1954. 
1950. 

1954. 
1950. 
1954. 
1950. 
1954. 



1954. 
1949. 
1954. 
1949. 

1954. 
1949. 
1954. 
1949. 
1954. 
1949. 
1954. 
1949. 
1954. 
1949. 
1954. 
1949. 
1954. 
1949. 

1954. 
1949. 
1954. 
1949. 

1954. 
1949. 
1954. 
1949. 



1954. 
1954. 
1954. 
1954. 
1954. 
1949. 
1954. 
1949. 
reporting 1954. 
1949. 
acres 1954. 
1949. 



reporting 
acres 

reporting 
acres 

reporting 

acres 



Cropland used only for crops not 
harvested and not pastured .. farms 

Cropland lying idle farms 

Woodland pastured farms 

Woodland not pastured farms 

Other pasture (not cropland and 
not woodland ) farms 

Improved (see text) farms 

Other land (house lots, roads, 
wasteland, etc. ) farms 

Cropland, total farms 

Land pastured, total farms 

Woodland, total farms 

Irrigated land in farms farms 

Cover crops turned under and land 
planted to another crop farms 

Cropland used for row or grain crops 
farmed on contour farms 

FARM OPERATORS 
Residing on farm operated operators reporting 

Not residing on farm operated. .operators reporting 



reporting 

acres 

reporting 
acres 

reporting 

acres 
reporting 

acres 
reporting 

acres 
reporting 

acres 
reporting 

acres 



reporting 
acres 



reporting 
acres 



1954. 
1949. 
1954. 
1949. 
1954. 
1954. 

1954. 
1949. 
1954. 
1949. 
1954. 
1949. 
1954. 
1949. 
1954. 
1949. 
1954. 
1949. 
1954. 
1949. 
1954. 
1949. 
1954. 
1949. 
1954. 
1949. 

1954. 
1954. 

1954. 
1954. 



1954. 
1950. 

1954. 
1950. 



32,500 

36,107 

6,323,840 

61.6 

2,930,041 

1,007,074 

163,047 

183,241 

3,896,608 

4,055,529 

119.9 

112.3 

20,355 
14,212 

176.95 
125.07 



27,744 

31,048 

1,571,744 

1,531,421 

6,477 
7,640 
3,911 
4,763 
2,775 
3,366 
4,042 
4,736 
5,840 
6,301 
3,559 
3,364 
1,140 
878 

13,026 

17,264 
363,264 
447,503 

9,600 

14,008 
188,461 
306, 193 

2,397 

33,994 

8,107 

154,467 

6,462 

6,537 

194,100 

163,397 

19,073 

22,326 

938,659 

1,005,620 

12,238 

12,155 

417,170 

350,833 

3,394 

109,870 

30,041 

32,580 

223,210 

250,562 

29,673 

33,680 

2,123,469 

2,285,117 

22,517 

26,058 

974,534 

961,733 

22,412 

25,290 

1,132,759 

1,169,017 

235 

30 

8,344 

697 

6,415 
138,632 

1,688 
67,779 



30,073 
33,549 

1,777 
1,629 



864 
974 

272,640 

45.8 

121,529 

11,245 



124,811 

122,200 

144.5 

125.5 

10,407 
8,179 
79.08 
53.29 



713 
829 

18,340 

1 ', ■ '. 

321 
356 
132 
165 
69 
103 
90 
96 
70 
81 
26 
23 
5 



442 

475 

14,380 

12,623 

347 

357 

9,203 

8,955 

68 

1,082 

298 

8,121 

324 

393 

20,691 

19,301 

415 

554 

44,586 

43,714 

236 

354 

13,447 

12,676 

67 

1,763 

581 

796 

4,164 

4,939 

832 

912 

41,923 

41,570 

651 

772 

48,518 

44,600 

607 

742 

65,277 

63,015 

3 

'38 



62 

766 



58 
1,935 



717 
909 

50 
33 



1,187 

1,465 

266,880 

38.2 

65,040 

35,220 

8,799 

2,505 

101,964 

116,221 

85.9 

79.3 

22,510 
15,519 
262.11 
202.77 

78 



1,039 

1,207 

30,093 

30,865 

331 

447 

227 

275 

163 

166 

163 

168 

108 

117 

35 

23 

12 

11 

455 
693 

10,948 
16,029 

613 

726 

11,271 

15,041 

132 

1,485 

543 

9,786 

262 

293 

6,207 

5,794 

731 

879 

27,693 

33,681 

283 
240 

3,857 

39 

1,316 

1,136 

1,308 

9,859 

10,954 

1,118 

1,356 

52,312 

61,935 

657 

865 

23,048 

25,680 

844 

1,015 

33,900 

39,475 

15 

252 



546 
9,192 



92 
2,744 



1,121 
1,305 



2,331 
2,821 

440,960 

47.1 

162,345 

33,110 

7,470 

2,905 

207,561 

221,452 

89.0 

77.0 

29,431 
20,528 
368.31 
273.02 

77 



1,795 

2,200 

77,438 

85,368 

522 

712 
287 
373 
202 
228 
258 
312 
320 
364 
165 
168 
41 
43 

705 
952 

20, 102 
20,089 

758 

1,093 

15,003 

19,312 

166 

2,579 

657 

12,424 

396 

403 

6,426 

5,471 

1,343 

1,650 

39,060 

43,941 

1,187 

1,213 

36,326 

31,256 

462 

15,903 

2,158 
2,618 

13,206 

16,015 

2,048 

2,518 

112,543 

124,769 

1,722 

1,996 

62,854 

56,816 

1,549 

1,846 

45,486 

49,412 

38 

10 

950 

25 

127 
1,948 

144 
6,630 



2,091 
2,648 

136 
106 



1,248 

1,218 

140, 160 

61.9 

75,975 

15,555 

1,720 

4,011 

86,821 

94,397 

69.6 

77.5 

11,511 
8,795 
182.93 
125.28 

67 



1,186 

1,161 

18,395 

17,955 

585 

482 

309 

368 

156 

178 

84 

97 

37 

29 

14 

6 

1 



468 

625 

9,836 

14,270 

611 

612 

12,031 

15,261 

101 

1,012 

580 

11,019 

208 

250 

4,344 

5,895 

744 

749 

34,704 

31,335 

86 

259 

1,987 

3,987 

20 

398 

897 

895 

5,524 

5,694 

1,224 

1,199 

40,262 

47,486 

520 

728 

16,167 

24,152 

785 

835 

39,048 

37,230 

3 



561 
5,241 



51 
425 



1,149 
1,138 



1,396 
1,571 

204,800 

77.0 

121,017 

49,983 



13,348 

157,617 

165,079 

112.9 

105.1 

13,786 
7,845 

123.78 
77.91 

75 



1,170 

1,353 

81,449 

75,587 

193 

247 

142 

189 

89 

144 

188 

240 

302 

335 

197 

151 

59 

47 

760 

974 

14,321 

17,882 

459 

629 

5,667 

10,471 

129 

1,262 

381 

4,405 

80 

102 

1,609 

1,826 

1,100 

1,195 

45,692 

48,119 

138 

173 

1,880 

2,505 

56 

659 

1,350 

1,494 

6,999 

8,689 

1,262 

1,436 

101,437 

103,940 

836 

1,057 

17,810 

22,213 

1,131 

1,233 

47,301 

49,945 

5 

1 

239 



482 
13,913 



10 
265 



1,327 
1,507 

60 
40 



2,571 

2,766 

291,840 

83.6 

206,766 

43,215 

9,390 

4,575 

244,012 

252,472 

94.9 

91.3 

16,120 
10,892 
169.20 
118.43 



2,251 

2,473 

128,929 

132,381 

371 
447 
270 
307 
228 
237 
353 
420 
692 
744 
290 
276 

42 

820 

921 

17,277 

16,171 

656 
1,077 
10,047 
17,696 

147 
2,020 

554 
8,027 

410 

336 
5,833 
3,784 
1,580 
1,888 
28,679 
34,041 

1,553 

1,708 

38,415 

34,663 

291 

6,526 

2,465 

2,548 

14,832 

13,736 

2,350 

2,624 

156,253 

166,248 

2,108 

2,257 

61,525 

54,618 

1,817 

2,026 

34,512 

37,825 

11 



155 
3,153 



272 
13,992 



2,352 
2,590 

144 
139 



1,185 

1,244 

225,280 

71.1 

92,536 

55,935 

8,114 

2,520 

160,135 

169,034 

135.1 

135.9 

22,037 
15,439 
170.72 
114.97 

74 



940 

1,041 

67,128 

65,624 

162 

211 

98 

94 

80 

94 

135 

167 

244 

266 

158 

171 

63 

38 

512 

594 

16, 176 

20,914 

330 

452 

7,914 

12,375 

81 

1,207 

275 

6,707 

295 

257 

7,095 

5,320 

731 

806 

30,419 

37,706 

659 

664 

21,479 

17,331 

202 

9,131 

1,133 

1,202 

9,924 

9,764 

1,044 

1,151 

91,218 

98,913 

973 

1,031 

44,750 

43,565 

882 

921 

37,514 

43,026 

6 

1 

333 

5 

125 

2,810 

70 
3,096 



1,131 
1,190 



MARYLAND 



159 



OPERATORS: CENSUSES OF 1954 AND 1950 

reports for only a sample of farms . See text] 

















Prince 


Queen 
















Dorchester 


Frederick 


Barrett 


Harford 


Howard 


Kent 


Montgomery 


Georges 


Annes 


St. Marys 


Somerset 


Talbot Washington 


Wicomico 


Worcester 




1,027 




1,438 


1,548 


881 


711 


1,455 


1,786 


977 


1,443 


801 


747 


1,934 


1,560 


1,178 


1 


1,207 


2,977 


1,762 


1,873 


1,051 


696 


1,555 


2,130 


937 


1,380 


920 


807 


2,025 


1,763 


1,389 


2 


371,200 


424,960 


423,680 


286,720 


160,640 


181,760 


316,160 


310,400 


238,720 


234,880 


212,480 


178,560 


295,680 


243,200 


309,120 


3 


49.9 


77.3 


49.1 


61.1 


74.8 


84.5 


62.4 


51.4 


82.1 


63.8 


46.1 


79.5 


72.1 


57.7 


57.2 


4 


133,203 


237,709 


193,193 


165,116 


81,629 


84,943 


151,217 


99,640 


118,426 


103,454 


79,977 


93,637 


1-6,755 


116,687 


149,678 


5 


57,256 


99,773 


11,680 


31,572 


23,935 


53,431 


42,205 


42,255 


89,978 


53,340 


17,427 


58,700 


69,493 


24,763 


30,888 


6 


3,550 


6,801 


720 


9,585 


19,106 


27,445 


9,277 


27,957 


10,720 


2,640 


7 


1,130 


1,250 


1,255 


6,111 


7 


7,746 


19,130 


1,595 


29,274 


2,405 


7,547 


8,260 


10,595 


14,140 


11,156 


2,053 


12,159 


4,045 


4,589 


5,466 


8 


185,163 


328,692 


207,882 


175,100 


120,196 


153,571 


197,335 


159,678 


196,018 


149,882 


97,910 


141,994 


213,104 


140,372 


176,863 


9 


179,323 


339,744 


215,078 


185,739 


122,999 


156,719 


213,004 


187,606 


200,004 


151,490 


102,212 


139,698 


218,540 


139,693 


182,070 


10 


180.3 


117.7 


144.6 


113.1 


136.4 


216.0 


135.6 


89.4 


200.6 


103.9 


122.2 


190.1 


110.2 


90.0 


150.1 


11 


148.6 


114.1 


122.1 


99.2 


117.0 


225.2 


137.0 


88.1 


213.5 


109.8 


111.1 


173.1 


107.9 


79.2 


131.1 


12 


20,433 


18,101 


9,724 


26,014 


32,835 


34,869 


38,030 


28,809 


29,547 


13,772 


14,076 


36,608 


15,916 


11,855 


12,268 


13 


11,163 


14,017 


5,621 


15,465 


24,929 


21,701 


32,566 


17,393 


19,182 


12,830 


9,051 


23,087 


12,280 


8,736 


8,454 


14 


126.72 


157.00 


68.72 


216.31 


248.30 


159.64 


300.72 


361.82 


153.06 


151.61 


128.78 


180.79 


147.30 


139.69 


88.56 


15 


68.10 


122.19 


49.14 


164.38 


207.29 


101.02 


227.88 


198.28 


84.84 


121.02 


76.53 


118.96 


113.99 


106.97 


69.47 


16 


71 


85 


82 


79 


75 


82 


82 


78 


77 


56 


84 


75 


84 


89 


84 


17 


918 


2,375 


1,347 


1,257 


671 


629 


1,025 


1,558 


899 


1,301 


679 


637 


1,647 


1,350 


1,027 


18 


1,081 


2,581 


1,585 


1,557 


792 


668 


1,134 


1,764 


891 


1,270 


835 


694 


1,748 


1,554 


1,212 


19 


89,787 


155,928 


48,415 


69,557 


45,022 


80,297 


73,874 


41,844 


101,634 


44,015 


36,626 


77,914 


104,607 


70,442 


72,893 


20 


76,542 


163,995 


50,010 


70,490 


45,063 


78,336 


76,656 


43,948 


96,012 


37,506 


34,444 


70,255 


106,633 


56,692 


61,251 


21 


155 


402 


237 


223 


108 


70 


207 


581 


113 


384 


181 


68 


384 


282 


174 


22 


223 


460 




345 


176 


67 


220 


649 


70 


328 


257 


81 


401 


389 


269 


23 


79 


233 


238 


152 


60 


35 


111 


324 


41 


208 


75 


43 


181 


224 


145 


24 


132 


235 


294 


201 


82 


30 


125 


397 


65 


252 


122 


46 


166 


317 


207 


25 


64 


160 


196 


117 


52 


19 


71 


205 


40 


179 


63 


25 


112 


186 


110 


26 


94 


181 


231 


160 


61 


31 


90 


255 


32 


201 


104 


33 


124 


247 


151 


27 


121 


281 


348 


225 


97 


38 


150 


232 


67 


228 


121 


42 


189 


239 


189 


23 


144 


327 


384 


302 


107 


48 


172 


251 


71 


253 


131 


71 


221 


293 


209 


29 


196 


759 


276 


360 


217 


122 


237 


160 


207 


232 


123 


155 


414 


251 


184 


30 


247 


817 


278 


409 


232 


138 


265 


164 


242 


202 


138 


176 


497 


205 


214 


31 


175 


466 


~8 


150 


109 


238 


189 


42 


305 


63 


94 


190 


305 


118 


148 


32 


165 


498 


40 


117 


116 


253 


202 


33 


313 


32 


57 


208 


292 


70 


122 


33 


128 


74 




30 


28 


107 


60 


14 


126 


7 


22 


114 


62 


50 


77 


34 


76 


63 


3 


23 


18 


101 


60 


15 


98 


2 


26 


79 


47 


33 


40 


35 


362 


1,080 


650 


361 


319 


499 


622 


810 


651 


545 


337 


409 


768 


34] 


503 


36 


582 


1,501 


882 


891 


399 


572 


984 


1,105 


784 


666 


360 


531 


995 


529 


557 


37 


5,276 


30,771 


14,377 


10,012 


13,719 


23,320 


39,640 


22,459 


26,777 


8,869 


6,060 


12,480 


21,696 


3,002 


7,989 


38 


10,484 


46,490 


18,726 


23,721 


12,292 


23,885 


49,602 


28,667 


33,752 


10,889 


4,593 


16,378 


25,882 


3,675 


6,865 


39 


270 


418 


240 


257 


173 


205 


239 


829 


303 


603 


241 


163 


386 


470 


200 


40 


565 


621 


357 


420 


347 


261 


416 


1,010 


343 


799 


480 


228 


555 


1,024 


681 


41 


5,232 


6,382 


3,634 


3,715 


4,636 


5,292 


5,250 


20,719 


7,023 


11,012 


3,779 


4,428 


7,546 


4,953 


2,960 


42 


11,310 


12,805 


6,378 


8,364 


9,256 


9,982 


10, 513 


26,636 


11,504 


17,076 


9,408 


6,342 


9,869 


17,112 


13,456 


43 


102 


106 


82 


62 


53 


55 


48 


182 


87 


209 


94 


41 


80 


139 


49 


44 


1,687 


1,225 


916 


533 


799 


1,483 


955 


2,802 


1,725 


2,437 


1,892 


510 


1,117 


1,028 


776 


45 


203 


342 


174 


211 


133 


168 


208 


739 


255 


477 


178 


134 


322 


374 


161 


46 


3,545 


5,157 


2,718 


3,182 


3,837 


3,809 


4,295 


17,917 


5,298 


8,575 


1,887 


3,918 


6,429 


3,925 


2,184 


47 


59 


694 


871 


422 


219 


79 


346 


327 


125 


314 


52 


44 


412 


53 


100 


48 


57 


613 


959 


450 


223 


113 


287 


449 


97 


282 


28 


58 


413 


41 


59 


49 


7,148 


11,357 


44,766 


6,742 


4,543 


1,994 


9,823 


9,257 


3,573 


8,015 


3,424 


1,159 


8,004 


1,339 


7,243 


50 


1,427 


11, 190 


42,113 


6,697 


4,019 


3,491 


6,148 


10,469 


2,315 


5,506 


514 


1,175 


8,017 


996 


1,569 


51 


679 


1,267 


719 


1,003 


531 


419 


726 


997 


689 


935 


509 


539 


629 


1,042 


792 


52 


908 


1,349 


945 


1,250 


673 


441 


884 


1,179 


722 


1,045 


618 


554 


711 


1,183 


1,071 


53 


59,388 


37,802 


55,569 


30,045 


21,514 


24,007 


27,316 


47,761 


38,514 


64,011 


34,866 


32,974 


23,025 


49,021 


70,565 


54 


60, 517 


35,736 


56,450 


34,967 


21,199 


24,688 


34,434 


49,663 


40,954 


67,785 


38,585 


32,080 


26,835 


49,042 


84,193 


55 


135 


1,930 


837 


1,177 


561 


161 


732 


213 


257 


297 


53 


163 


1,105 


199 


109 


56 


181 


1,647 


864 


944 


611 


170 


526 


357 


160 


307 


70 


157 


917 


156 


^96 


57 


6,574 


72,814 


34,882 


48,093 


24,737 


5,564 


32,588 


4,769 


9,189 


6,386 


1,445 


3,617 


36,564 


1,802 


3,972 


58 


4,701 


53,188 


31,656 


33,445 


24,293 


5,713 


25,607 


7,695 


4,815 


5,365 


1,302 


3,536 


28,700 


2,205 


4,537 


59 


24 


588 


138 


514 


178 


58 


219 


39 


59 


45 


10 


32 


201 


108 


16 


6C 


404 


18,490 


3,704 


20,455 


6,544 


2,085 


10,608 


719 


1,376 


697 


123 


1,287 


6,114 


723 


470 


61 


939 


2,726 


1,313 


1,469 


849 


686 


1,388 


1,591 


886 


1,302 


760 


722 


1,859 


1,483 


1,127 


•:; 


1,078 


2,802 


1,537 


1,728 


1,020 


652 


1,450 


1,769 


901 


1,204 


786 


731 


1,879 


1,611 


1,299 


63 


11,758 


13,638 


6,239 


6,936 


6,025 


13,097 


8,844 


12,869 


9,308 


7,574 


11,710 


9,422 


11,662 


9,813 


11,241 


64 


14,342 


16,340 


9,745 


8,055 


6,877 


10,624 


10,044 


20,528 


10,652 


7,363 


13,366 


9,932 


12,604 


9,971 


10,199 


65 


948 


2,466 


1,396 


1,345 


740 


682 


1,187 


1,691 


938 


1,382 


718 


664 


1,763 


1,422 


1,055 


66 


1,161 


2,744 


1,666 


1,710 


901 


691 


1,385 


1,979 


927 


1,330 


885 


738 


1,895 


1,662 


1,294 


67 


100,295 


193,081 


66,426 


83,284 


63,377 


108,909 


118,764 


85,022 


135,434 


63,896 


46,465 


94,822 


133,849 


78,397 


83,842 


68 


98,336 


223,290 


75,114 


102,575 


66,611 


112,203 


136,771 


99,251 


141,268 


65,471 


48,445 


92,975 


142,384 


77,479 


81,572 




484 


2,415 


1,336 


1,399 


731 


551 


1,169 


986 


783 


815 


378 


483 


1,599 


535 


611 


70 


711 


2,586 


1,605 


1,625 


865 


614 


1,295 


1,361 


824 


917 


408 


610 


1,621 


667 


718 


73 


18,998 


114,942 


94,025 


64,847 


42,999 


30,878 


82,051 


36,485 


39,539 


23,270 


10,929 


17,256 


66,264 


6,143 


19,204 


". 


16,612 


110,868 


92,495 


63,863 


40,604 


33,089 


81,357 


46,831 


40,882 


21,760 


6,409 


21,089 


62, 599 


6,876 


12,971 


73 


712 


1,678 


1,258 


1,203 


636 


463 


935 


1,114 


734 


1,042 


533 


562 


941 


1,068 


849 


74 


931 


1,723 


1,441 


1,441 


773 


494 


1,042 


1,356 


764 


1,101 


628 


573 


979 


1,198 


1,092 


1 


66,536 


49,159 


100,335 


36,787 


26,057 


26,001 


37,139 


57,018 


42,087 


72,026 


38,290 


34,133 


31,029 


50,360 


77,808 


71 




46,926 




41,664 


25,218 


28, 179 


40,582 


60,132 


43,269 


73,291 


39,099 


33,255 


34,852 


50,038 


85,762 


77 


1 


17 


10 


7 


5 


5 


15 
2 


12 
2 


6 
2 


5 


5 


2 


16 
2 


26 
4 


11 

5 


78 

79 


50 




257 




60 


732 


817 
36 


190 
8 


172 
27 


38 


93 


6 


1,271 
303 


726 
157 


387 
83 






194 


42 


136 


74 


121 


77 


657 


118 


563 


224 


156 


163 


412 


325 


«_■ 


16,018 


3,603 


-17 


3,977 


870 


4,267 


1,114 


7,640 


4,794 


5,169 


6,622 


4,478 


3,647 


18,345 


12,535 


-•< 


5 


226 


134 


279 


83 


34 


66 


42 


6 


26 


1 


4 


54 


3 


6 


-'-. 


655 


11,186 


2,972 


12,275 


4,174 


1,836 


2,434 


943 


127 


320 


34 


188 


1,084 


90 


97 


'" 


913 


2 673 


1,334 


1,461 


814 


647 


1,350 


1,692 


908 


1,354 


751 


668 


1,724 


1,454 


1,105 


• 


1,108 


2,802 


1,682 


1,763 


1,004 


635 


1,437 


1,960 


872 


1,286 


861 


701 


1,856 


1,665 


1,27- 




85 


106 


60 


53 


37 


57 


99 


84 


63 


55 


41 


75 


162 


82 


62 


'< 




105 


39 




35 


53 




96 


46 


52 


43 


48 


137 


89 


101 


.'. 



160 



STATISTICS FOR COUNTIES 

County Table 2. -FARMS BY COLOR AND TENURE OF 



(For definitions and explanations, see text) 



Allegany 



Anne 
Arundel 



Baltimore 
and Balti- 
more City 



FARMS BY COLOR AND TENURE OF OPERATOR 
All farms number 

All land in farms acres 

Total cropland harvested acres 

Farms by color of operator: 

White operators number 

Nonwhite operators number 

Farms by tenure of operator: 

Full owners number 

Part owners number 

Managers number 

All tenants number 

Proportion of tenancy percent 

Cash tenants number 

Share-cash tenants number 

Share tenants number 

Crop-share tenants number 

Livestock-share tenants number 

Croppers number 

Other and unspecified tenants number 

Other tenants number 

Unspecified tenants number 

Land io farms by tenure of operator: 

Full owners * acres 

Part owners Bares 

Managers acres 

All tenants acres 

Cash tenants acres 

Share-cash tenants acres 

Share tenants ac res 

Crop-share tenants acres 

Livestock-share tenants acres 

Croppers acres 

Other and unspecified tenants acres 

Cropland harvested by tenure of operator: 

Full owners farms reporting 

acres 

Part owners farms reporting 

acres 

Managers farms reporting 

acres 

All tenants farms reporting 

acres 

Croppers farms reporting 

acres 



1954. 
1950. 

1954. 
1950. 
1954. 
1949. 



1954. 

1950. 



1954. 
1950. 



1954. 
1950. 

1954. 
1950. 

1954. 
1950. 

1954. 

1950. 
1954. 
1950. 

1954. 
1950. 
1954. 
1950. 
1954. 
1950. 

1954. 
1950. 
1954. 
1950. 

1954. 
1950. 

1954. 
1950. 

1954. 
1950. 
1954. 
1 150. 



1954. 
1950. 
1954. 
1950. 
1954. 
1950. 

1954. 
1950. 
1954. 
1950. 
1954. 
1950. 

1954. 
1950. 
1954. 
1950. 
1954. 
1950. 

1954. 
1950. 
1954. 

1950. 



1954. 
1949. 
1954. 
1949. 

1954. 
1949. 
1954. 
1949. 

1954. 
1949. 
1954. 
1949. 

1954. 
1949. 
1954. 
1949. 

1954. 
1949. 

1954. 
1949. 



32,500 
36,107 

3,896,608 
4,055,529 
1,571,744 
1,531,421 



29,415 
32,504 



3,085 
3,603 



22,821 
25,671 

4,027 
3,387 

324 

338 

5,328 

6,711 
16.4 
18.6 

971 

1,008 

174 

189 

2,450 

3,181 

2,092 

2,859 

358 

322 

1,000 
1,107 

733 
1,226 

287 
274 
446 
952 



2,276,346 
2,428,596 
752,827 
563,303 
150,704 
167,162 

716,731 
896,468 
128,122 
123,141 
36,524 
38,448 

404,779 
514,805 
332,271 
449,089 
72,508 
65,716 

76,484 

89,236 

70,822 

130,838 



18,502 

21,148 

787,642 

815,347 

3,968 

3,321 
378,009 
260,447 

286 

310 

54,203 

59,923 



6,269 

351,890 
395,704 



1,063 
30,315 
34,504 



864 

974 

124,811 

122,200 

18,340 

19,992 



861 
973 



762 
827 



4.5 
7.8 

18 
25 
2 
2 
5 
5 



101,285 
96,480 
17,813 
13,421 
950 
3,361 

4,763 
8,938 
1,763 
3,562 
530 
303 

342 

743 
42 
653 
300 
90 

220 

671 

1,908 

3,659 



617 

697 
13,777 
14,354 

60 

63 

3,645 

3,040 

1 

6 

3 

962 

35 

63 

915 

1,636 



1,187 
1,465 

101,964 
116,221 
30,093 
30,865 



1,001 
1,185 



186 
280 



791 
1,048 

120 
103 

9 

7 

267 
307 

21.0 

23 

14 
2 

4 
119 
167 

109 
163 

10 



59,389 
74,739 
14,848 
10,555 
5,252 
3,859 

22,475 

27,068 

1,521 

1,264 

11 

268 

11,771 
17,220 
10,169 
16,700 
1,602 
520 

7,286 
4,175 
1,886 
4,141 



662 

812 
15,421 
17,616 

118 

101 

7,057 

4,377 



1,321 
1,691 

250 

287 

6,294 

7,181 

94 

67 

2,021 

1,279 



2,331 
2,821 

207,561 

221,452 

77,438 

85,368 



2,295 

2,785 



1,892 
2,287 

284 

302 

35 
36 

120 
196 
5.2 
6.7 

47 

82 

4 

1 

16 
26 



135,497 
145,334 
46,265 
42,691 
11,703 
14,506 

14,096 

18,921 

5,437 

6,680 

752 

50 

3,341 
4,712 
1,595 
1,184 
1,746 
3,528 

905 
2,279 
3,661 
5,200 



1,379 

1,719 

43,539 

50,081 

279 

296 

23,226 

22,684 

31 

33 

3,628 

5,193 

106 

152 

7,045 

7,410 

6 

9 

390 

634 



1,248 
1,218 

86,821 
94,397 
18,395 
17,955 



741 

678 



507 
540 



721 
626 



111 
103 



413 

489 

33.1 

40.1 

2 
3 

1 

86 
188 

83 

187 

3 

1 

297 
248 

27 
50 



61,124 

57,767 

8,099 

7,927 

1,029 



16,569 

28,703 

11 

77 

72 



6,204 

14,828 

5,967 

14,753 

237 

75 

9,491 

10,194 

791 

3,604 



663 

580 

10,899 

9,485 

111 

101 

2,218 

1,711 



409 

480 

5,126 

6,759 

296 

245 

3,266 

2,998 



1,396 

1,571 

157,617 
165,079 
81,449 
75,587 



1,258 
1,385 



138 
186 



969 
1,121 

223 

160 

2 

7 

202 

283 

14.5 

18.0 

15 
23 
4 
10 

153 
179 

124 
168 
29 
11 



80,501 
90,072 
43,715 
32,057 
1,138 
2,790 

32,263 

40,160 

820 

1,223 

473 

1,854 

28,629 
28,705 
22,971 
26,791 
5,658 
1,914 

1,490 

2,362 

851 

6,016 



759 
920 

35,817 
36,781 

222 

158 
26,248 
15,797 



494 
1,783 

187 

269 

18,890 

21,226 

9 

15 

819 

1,309 



2,571 
2,766 

244,012 
252,472 
128,929 
132,381 



2,557 
2,743 



2,063 
2,233 

259 
225 

18 
21 

231 
287 

9.0 
10.4 

83 
68 
12 
20 
74 
126 



109 
10 
17 

15 
18 



160,347 
167,830 
42,495 
34,456 
9,526 
12,987 

31,644 
37,199 
11,315 
8,701 
2,205 
3,080 

11,387 
17,522 
10,101 
14,807 
1,286 
2,715 

2,532 
2,109 
4,205 
5,787 



1,757 

1,954 

80,239 

83,142 

259 
223 

25,093 
20,769 

18 

20 

4,860 

7,268 

217 

276 

18,737 

21,202 

15 

18 

1,498 

1,441 



1,185 
1,244 

160,135 
169,034 
67,128 
65,624 



1,176 
1,234 



844 
885 

151 

113 

13 
10 

177 
236 
14.9 
19.0 

27 
34 
3 
5 
110 
125 

89 
97 
21 
28 

12 
12 

25 

60 

12 
16 
13 



86,783 
94,947 
25,811 
16,791 

10,888 
10,441 

36,653 

46,855 

3,314 

5,358 

951 

860 

26,491 
30,509 
22,273 
24,411 
4,218 
6,098 

2,277 
2,208 
3,620 
7,920 



612 

710 

32,310 

32,841 

149 

108 

12,253 

7,977 

12 

10 

3,204 

3,049 

167 

213 

19,361 

21,757 

12 

11 

990 

950 



MARYLAND 



161 



OPERATOR : CENSUSES OF 1954 AND 1950 



I 

Dorchester 


Frederick 


Garrett 


Harford 


Howard 


Kent 


Montgomery 


Prince 
Georges 


Queen 
Annes 


St. Marys 


Somerset 


Talbot 


Washington 


Wicomico 


Worcester 




1,027 


2,792 


1,438 


1,548 


881 


711 


1,455 


1,786 


977 


1,443 


801 


747 


1,934 


1,560 


1,178 


1 


1,207 


2,977 


1,762 


1,873 


1,051 


696 


1,555 


2,130 


937 


1,380 


920 


807 


2,025 


1,763 


1,389 


2 


185,163 


328,692 


207,882 


175,100 


120,196 


153,571 


197,335 


159,678 


196,016 


149,882 


97,910 


141,994 


213,104 


140,372 


176,863 


3 


179,323 


339,744 


215,078 


185,739 


122,999 


156,719 


213,004 


187,606 


200,004 


151,490 


102,212 


139,698 


218,540 


139,693 


182,070 


4 


89,787 


155,928 


48,415 


69,557 


45,022 


80,297 


73,874 


41,844 


101,634 


44,015 


36,626 


77,914 


104,607 


70,442 


72,893 


5 


76,542 


163,995 


50,010 


70,490 


45,063 


78,336 


76,656 


43,948 


96,012 


37,506 


34,444 


70,255 


106,633 


56,692 


61,251 


6 


880 


2,763 


1,437 


1,517 


855 


661 


1,347 


1,300 


883 


1,205 


643 


695 


1,933 


1,339 


1,008 


7 


1,026 


2,938 


1,762 


1,820 


1,020 


666 


1,444 


1,589 


879 


1,124 


703 


739 


2,025 


1,543 


1,186 


8 


147 


29 


1 


31 


26 


50 


108 


486 


94 


238 


158 


52 


1 


221 


170 


9 


181 


39 




53 


31 


30 


111 


541 


5e 


256 


217 


68 




220 


203 


]" 


623 


1,944 


1,292 


1,141 


679 


416 


1,080 


1,047 


573 


796 


584 


434 


1,387 


1,041 


795 


11 


820 


2,125 


1,578 


1,489 


836 


414 


1,195 


1,299 


477 


771 


648 


452 


1,432 


1,203 


992 


12 


227 


234 


110 


280 


128 


63 


193 


179 


90 


179 


165 


115 


177 


352 


240 


13 


161 


179 


108 


236 


100 


39 


149 


138 


56 


101 


158 


32 


144 


327 


224 


14 


9 


28 


2 


25 


15 


20 


26 


15 


29 


3 


5 


13 


13 


13 


26 


15 


5 


14 


3 


13 


17 


16 


- 


18 


23 


13 


11 


22 


23 


17 


9 


16 


168 


586 


34 


102 


59 


212 


156 


545 


285 


465 


47 


185 


357 


154 


117 


17 


221 


659 


73 


135 


98 


227 


171 


675 


381 


495 


103 


251 


426 


216 


164 


18 


16.4 


21.0 


2.4 


6.6 


6.7 


29.8 


10.7 


30.5 


29.2 


32.2 


5.9 


24.8 


18.5 


9.9 


9.9 


19 


18.3 


22.1 


4.1 


7.2 


9.3 


32.6 


11.0 


31.7 


40.7 


35.9 


11.2 


31.1 


21.0 


12.2 


11.8 


20 


18 


357 


11 


23 


18 


18 


63 


22 


21 


10 


6 


9 


106 


36 


34 


21 


22 


335 


22 


32 


22 


8 


57 


29 


28 


7 


17 


15 


66 


51 


41 


22 


16 


40 


1 


6 


3 


8 


4 


7 


8 


5 


2 


7 


22 


7 


5 


23 


14 


53 


1 


5 


8 


3 


8 


2 


6 


5 


4 


12 


17 


3 


4 


24 


88 


109 


4 


40 


15 


163 


22 


281 


214 


268 


25 


147 


171 


71 


43 


25 


128 


154 


10 


37 


24 


182 


36 


399 


287 


308 


24 


161 


280 


90 


51 


26 


85 


56 


1 


7 


6 


144 


8 


247 


185 


261 


21 


134 


143 


64 


41 


27 


121 


118 


6 


11 


11 


176 


10 


385 


256 


301 


17 


146 


251 


82 


42 


28 


3 


53 


3 


33 


9 


19 


14 


34 


29 


7 


4 


13 


28 


7 


2 


29 


7 


36 


4 


26 


13 


6 


26 


14 


31 


7 


7 


15 


29 


8 


9 


30 


10 


16 


4 


15 


1 


6 


11 


197 


15 


111 


4 


5 


13 


15 


8 


31 


16 


29 


11 


32 


5 


13 


15 


172 


17 


114 


15 


17 


10 


34 


19 


32 


36 


64 


14 


18 


22 


17 


56 


38 


27 


71 


10 


17 


45 


25 


27 


33 


41 


88 


29 


29 


39 


21 


55 


73 


43 


61 


43 


46 


53 


38 


49 


34 


6 


35 


g 


11 


5 


8 


17 


18 


13 


23 


6 


3 


20 


15 


14 


35 


10 


19 


13 


4 


21 


6 


9 


6 


9 


9 


14 


12 


13 


12 


18 


36 


30 


29 


5 


7 


17 


9 


39 


20 


14 


48 


2 


14 


25 


10 


13 


37 


31 


69 


16 


25 


18 


15 


46 


67 


34 


52 


29 


34 


40 


26 


31 


38 


86,575 


184,414 


180,766 


102,040 


67,430 


67,218 


114,977 


84,042 


88,563 


79,092 


58,542 


58,639 


125,670 


75,010 


101,646 


39 


99,536 


198,839 


181,463 


125,161 


84,034 


76,842 


129,374 


97,588 


74,450 


78,414 


69,354 


56,315 


126,784 


80,572 


116,351 


40 


63,235 


45,571 


21,167 


48,724 


33,263 


17,121 


48,103 


13,272 


25,902 


19,821 


33,465 


36,695 


29,824 


51,193 


54,607 


41 


37,805 


32,963 


17,993 


37,432 


19,870 


10,288 


41,442 


11,463 


18,681 




20,865 


21,626 


22,758 


40,439 


44,789 


42 


2,549 


7,507 


439 


7,349 


10,258 


14,081 


10,214 


19,933 


16,446 


3,044 


1,632 


4,711 


4,348 


1,306 


6,399 


43 


2,054 


3,459 


5,357 


4,468 


5,579 


12,086 


12,992 


22,431 


12,665 


6,129 


2,558 


7,080 


7,930 


5,093 


4,793 


44 


32,804 


91,200 


5,510 


16,987 


9,245 


55,151 


24,041 


42,431 


65,105 


47,925 


4,271 


41,949 


53,262 


12,863 


14,211 


45 


39,928 


104,483 


10,265 


18,678 


13,516 


57,503 


29,196 


56,124 


94,208 


56,660 


9,435 


54,677 


61,068 


13,589 


16,137 


46 


1,362 


55,908 


1,498 


3,546 


1,826 


2,908 


11,059 


874 


3,020 


1,203 


290 


907 


12,035 


3,924 


3,444 


47 


2,469 


52,462 


1,986 


3,222 


2,368 


1,830 


8,851 


1,191 


6,514 


440 


758 


1,917 


6,449 


2,167 


2,833 


48 


4,135 


9,038 


127 


719 


687 


2,051 


1,355 


493 


2,554 


895 


471 


2,325 


4,516 


762 


1,055 


49 


5,368 


10,514 


67 


748 


1,519 


840 


2,752 


217 


2,217 


121 


804 


3,240 


2,872 


157 


574 


50 


17,406 


18,738 


828 


7,465 


3,460 


44,652 


5,328 


28,695 


50,893 


29,262 


2,922 


35,560 


29,871 


5,738 


7,572 


51 


25,594 


27,349 


2,242 


5,889 


4,386 


47,427 


8,206 


39,632 


70,825 


41,372 


2,710 


39,222 


44,016 


7,621 


7,649 


52 


17,057 


9,789 


94 


1,331 


1,090 


38,524 


2,075 


23,725 


42,306 


28,254 


2,229 


31,226 


25,255 


4,749 


5,892 


53 


24,363 


20,225 


515 


1,339 


1,367 


45,990 


2,300 


38,019 


61,746 


39,833 


1,825 


35,160 


39,392 


6,844 


5,419 


54 


349 


8,949 


734 


6,134 


2,370 


6,128 


3,253 


4,970 


8,587 


1,008 


693 


4,334 


4,616 


989 


1,680 


55 


1,231 


7,124 


1,727 


4,550 


3,019 


1,437 


5,906 


1,613 


9,079 


1,539 


885 


4,062 


4,624 


777 


2,230 


56 


3,173 


2,341 


1,603 


3,857 


80 


2,089 


1,640 


9,635 


4,490 


8,804 


508 


708 


2,276 


1,086 


991 


57 


1,928 


4,111 


2,239 


6,128 


838 


2,694 


2,271 


8,438 


4,542 


9,194 


1,152 


3,953 


1,810 


1,916 


1,234 


56 


6,728 


5,175 


1,454 


1,400 


3,192 


3,451 


4,659 


2,734 


4,148 


7,761 


80 


2,449 


4,564 


1,353 


1,149 


59 


4,569 


10,047 


3,731 


2,691 


4,405 


4,712 


7,116 


6,646 


10,110 


5,533 


4,011 


6,345 


5,921 


1,728 


3,847 


60 


529 


1,584 


1,205 


869 


486 


340 


709 


838 


500 


665 


476 


335 


1,126 


868 


677 


el 


700 


1,774 


1,415 


1,196 


599 


389 


;i9 


980 


438 


680 


568 


360 


1,183 


1,024 


840 


62 


32,906 


81,387 


40,282 


35,470 


23,344 


32,511 


38,992 


20,101 


43,026 


19,147 


17,955 


27,783 


54,862 


30,042 


34,448 


63 


34,692 


88,213 


43,205 


44,030 


27,883 


35,807 


44,029 


21,642 


31,820 


17,719 


19,025 


25,227 


56,184 


27,383 


34,743 


64 


225 


222 


108 


272 


124 


63 


183 


175 


89 


179 


165 


113 


175 


351 


240 


65 


161 


175 


106 


230 


96 


38 


138 


133 


55 


98 


158 


80 


141 


326 


222 


66 


34,513 


22,125 


6,401 


24,054 


14,543 


10,357 


21,653 


4,821 


14,754 


7,140 


15,996 


22,289 


16,518 


31,288 


28,415 


67 


19,935 


16,758 


4,800 


17,190 


9,530 


5,730 


17,524 


3,750 


8,914 


3,551 


10,040 


11,574 


12,364 


20,780 


18,015 


68 


9 


28 


2 


24 


15 


20 


24 


15 


27 


3 


4 


13 


13 


4 


9 


69 


5 


14 


2 


12 


16 


16 


39 


16 


23 


13 


10 


20 


22 


7 


7 


70 


992 


3,395 


158 


2,864 


3,102 


6,418 


3,963 


3,636 


7,318 


368 


552 


2,512 


2,484 


237 


2,542 


"1 


670 


1,746 


185 


1,886 


2,260 


5,568 


4,761 


3,513 


5,845 


1,093 


1,306 


3,489 


2,965 


1,741 


1,806 


72 


155 


541 


32 


92 


46 


206 


109 


530 


283 


454 


34 


176 


333 


127 


101 


73 


215 


618 


62 


119 


81 


225 


138 


635 


375 


479 


99 


234 


402 


197 


143 


74 


21,376 


49,021 


1,574 


7,169 


4,033 


31,011 


9,266 


13,286 


36,536 


17,360 


2,123 


25,330 


30,743 


8,875 


7,488 


75 


21,245 


57,278 


1,820 


7,384 


5,390 


31,231 


10,342 


15,043 


49,433 


15,143 


4,073 


29,965 


35,120 


6,788 


6,687 


76 


9 


16 


4 


14 


1 


6 


9 


197 


15 


111 


3 


5 


13 


14 


8 


77 


16 


27 


11 


30 


5 


13 


13 


168 


17 


107 


15 


17 


10 


33 


IS 


w 


2,229 


1,270 


426 


1,566 


45 


1,111 


575 


3,399 


1,952 


3,032 


174 


359 


1,133 


678 


592 


r9 


1,141 


2,143 


401 


2,171 


363 


1,236 


971 


3,152 


2,391 


2,855 


554 


2,093 


858 


1,142 


682 


so 



162 



STATISTICS FOR COUNTIES 



County Table 2a -FARMS BY TENURE, BY COLOR OF OPERATOR: CENSUS OF 1954 



(For definitions and explanations, see text) 



Allegany 



Anne 
Arundel 



Baltimore 

and 

Baltimore City 



Faras, 1954. operated by— 

Whi te operators number . 

Full owners number. 

Part owners number . 

Managers number . 

All tenants number. 

Croppers number . 

Nonwlii te operators number . 

Full owners number. 

Part owners number . 

Managers number. 

All tenants number. 

Croppers number . 

Land in faras, 1954. operated b> — 

White operators acres. 

Full owners acres. 

Part owners acres. 

Managers acres. 

All tenants acres . 

Croppers acres . 

Nonwhite operators acres . 

Full owners acres . 

Part owners acres . 

Managers acres . 

All tenants acres . 

Croppers acres . 

Cropland harvested, 1954, in faras operated by- 
White operators farms reporting. 

acres . 

Full owners farms reporting. 

acres. 

Part owners farms reporting. 

acres. 

Managers farms reporting. 

acres. 

All tenants farms reporting. 

acres . 

Croppers farms reporting . 

acres. 

Nonwhite operators farms reporting. 

acres. 

Full owners farms reporting. 

acres. 

Part owners farms reporting . 

acres. 

Managers farms reporting. 

acres. 

All tenants farms reporting . 

acres. 

Croppers farms reporting. 

acres. 



29,415 

21,157 

3,668 

315 

4,275 

494 

3,085 

1,664 

359 

9 

1,053 

506 

3 ,762 ,071 

2,219,509 

735,438 

148,128 

658 ,996 

57,506 

134,537 

56 ,837 

17,389 

2,576 

57,735 

18 ,978 

25,070 

1,529,550 

17 ,187 

772 ,917 

3,616 

370 ,198 

278 

53 ,469 

3,989 

332 ,966 

487 

22 ,945 

2,674 

42 ,194 

1,315 

14,725 

352 

7,811 

8 

734 

999 

18 ,924 

501 

7,370 



861 

759 

61 

2 

39 

1 

3 

3 



124,543 

101,017 

17 ,813 

950 

4,763 

220 

268 

268 



712 

18,255 

616 

13 ,692 

60 

3,645 

1 

3 

35 

915 

1 

39 

1 

85 

1 

85 



1,001 
715 
108 
9 
169 
40 
186 
76 
12 

98 
56 

93 ,038 

57,508 

14 ,418 

5,252 

15,860 

3,794 

8,926 

1,881 

430 

6,615 
3,492 

874 

27,899 

601 

14 ,939 

106 

6,904 

9 

1,321 

158 

4,735 

39 

1,100 

165 

2,194 

61 

482 

12 

153 



92 

,559 
55 

921 



2,295 

1,859 

284 

33 

119 

6 

36 

33 

2 

1 



206 ,080 
134,395 
46,265 
11,326 

14,094 

905 

1,481 

1,102 



377 
2 



1,779 

77,158 

1,365 

43,299 

279 

23 ,226 

29 

3,588 

106 

7,045 

6 

390 

16 

280 

14 

240 



741 
526 

70 

3 

142 

90 
507 
195 

41 

271 
207 

68,772 
52 ,731 
6,753 
1,029 
8,259 
3,765 
18,049 
8,393 
1,346 

8,310 
5,726 

703 

14,133 

491 

9,833 

70 

1,873 

3 

152 

139 

2,275 

90 

1,154 

*83 

4,262 

172 

1,066 

41 

345 



270 
2,851 

206 
2,112 



1,258 
873 
199 
2 
184 
9 
138 
96 
24 

18 



151,083 

76,784 

41 ,986 

1,138 

31,175 

1,490 

6,534 

3,717 

1,729 

1,088 



1,047 

78,580 

675 

34,419 

199 

25,377 

2 

494 

171 

18 ,290 

9 

819 

123 

2,869 

84 

1,398 

23 

871 



16 

600 



2,557 

2,054 

256 

18 

229 

14 

14 

9 

3 

2 
1 

243 ,185 

159,999 

42 ,179 

9,526 

31,481 

2,370 

827 

348 

316 

163 
162 

2,240 

128,543 

1,750 

80,126 

256 

24 ,920 

16 

4,860 

216 

18 ,637 

14 

1,398 

11 

386 

7 

113 

3 

173 



1 
100 

1 
100 



Item 
(For definitions and explanations, see text) 



Faraa, 1954. operated by— 

Whi te operators number . . 

Full owners number. . 

Part owners number . . 

Managers number . , 

All tenants number. . 

Croppers number . . 

Nonwhite operators number. . 

Full owners number . . 

Part owners number . , 

Managers number . . 

All tenants number . . 

Croppers number . . 

Land in faraa, 1954, operated by- 
White operators acres.. 

Full owners acres. 

Part owners acres. 

Managers acres. 

All tenants acres . 

Croppers acres. 

Nonwhite operators acres. 

Full owners , acres . 

Part owners acres . 

Managers acres . 

All tenants acres . 

Croppers acres . 

Cropland harvested, 1954, in faras operated by — 

White operators farms reporting. 

acres . 

Full owners farms reporting . 

acres. 

Part owners farms reporting . 

acres. 

Managers farms reporting . 

acres . 

All tenants farms reporting. 

acres. 

Croppers farms reporting . 

acres. 

Nonwhite operators farms reporting. 

acres . 

Full owners farms reporting . 

acres. 

Part owners farms reporting . 

acres . 

Managers farms reporting . 

acres. 

All tenants farms reporting . 

acres. 

Croppers farms reporting . 

acres. 



1,176 
836 

151 
13 

176 

11 

9 



1 

1 

159,603 

86,532 

25,811 

10,888 

36 ,372 

1,996 

532 

251 



281 
281 

934 

66 ,860 

607 

32 ,242 

149 

12,253 

12 

3,204 

166 

19 ,161 

11 

790 



268 

5 

68 



1 
200 

1 
200 



1,060 

759 

70 

231 
76 
380 
188 

16 

176 

57 

148,149 
108 ,912 
11 ,087 

28,150 
6,920 

21 ,778 

7,884 

731 

13 ,163 
2,082 

992 

32 ,080 

693 

22 ,019 

70 

3,142 



229 
6,919 

76 

1,885 

338 

5,037 

153 

1,365 

16 

260 



169 

3,412 

54 

866 



5.10 
194 



147 
93 
33 

2 
19 

3 



176,596 
82,270 
60,578 
2,364 
31,384 
2,796 
8,567 
4,305 
2,657 
185 
1,420 
377 

785 

85,619 

446 

30 ,990 

192 

33 ,218 

7 

895 

140 

20,516 

6 

1,993 

133 

4,168 

83 

1,916 

33 

1,295 

2 

97 

15 

860 

3 

236 



2,763 

1,918 

232 

28 

585 

16 

29 

26 

2 



327 ,329 

183,306 

45,556 

7,507 

90 ,960 

2,341 

1,363 

1,108 

15 



240 



2,359 

155,410 

1,570 

81,031 

221 

22,121 

28 

3,395 

540 

48,863 

16 

1,270 

16 

518 

14 

356 

1 



1 
158 



1,437 

1,291 

110 

2 

34 

4 

1 

1 



207 ,398 

180 ,282 

21 ,167 

439 

5,510 

1,603 

484 

484 



1,346 

48,336 

1,204 

40 ,203 

108 

6,401 

2 

158 

32 

1,574 

4 

426 

1 

79 

1 

79 



1,517 

1,114 

278 

25 

100 

15 

31 

27 



173,568 

100 ,943 

48,697 

7,349 

16,579 

3,857 

1,532 

1,097 

27 



408 



1,237 

69 ,217 

852 

35,271 

271 

24,040 

24 

2,864 

90 

7,042 

14 

1,566 

20 

340 

17 



199 
1 
14 



855 

654 

128 

15 

58 

1 

26 

25 



119 ,378 

66 ,662 

33 ,263 

10,258 

9,195 

80 

818 

768 



657 

44,796 

473 

23,119 

124 

14,543 

15 

3,102 

45 

4,032 

1 

45 

14 

226 

13 

225 



661 

376 

57 

20 

208 

6 

50 

40 

6 



152,792 
66 ,839 

17 ,014 

14 ,081 

54,858 

2,089 

779 

379 

107 



293 



595 

79,964 

315 

32 ,418 

57 

10 ,277 

20 

6,418 

203 

30,851 

6 

1,111 

34 

333 

25 

93 

6 

80 



3 
160 



County Table 2a -FARMS BY TENURE 



MARYLAND 

BY COLOR OF OPERATOR : 



CENSUS OF 1954-Continued 



163 



(For definitions and explanations, see text) 



tgomery 


Prince 
Georges 


Queen 
Annes 


St. Marys 


Somerset 


Talbot 


Washington 


Wicomico 


Worcester 


1,347 


1,300 


883 


1,205 


643 


695 


1,933 


1,339 


1,008 


986 


899 


505 


684 


462 


402 


1,386 


894 


675 


191 


114 


79 


152 


137 


104 


177 


304 


212 


26 


13 


28 


3 


4 


13 


13 


13 


25 


144 


274 


271 


366 


40 


176 


357 


128 


96 


11 


69 


14 


65 


3 


4 


13 


11 


8 


108 


486 


94 


238 


158 


52 


1 


221 


170 


94 


148 


68 


112 


122 


32 


1 


147 


120 


2 


65 
2 


11 

1 


27 


28 
1 


11 




48 


28 
1 


12 


271 


14 


99 


7 


9 




26 


21 




128 


1 


46 


1 


1 




4 




195,284 


132 ,179 


193 ,742 


139 ,741 


92 ,810 


140 ,274 


213 ,069 


132,693 


170 ,765 


113,316 


77,044 


87 ,660 


75,528 


54,925 


57 ,976 


125,635 


71,209 


98,036 


48 ,036 


10 ,330 


25,665 


18 ,636 


32,315 


36,278 


29 ,824 


48,960 


52,807 


10 ,214 


18 ,223 


16,442 


3,044 


1,502 


4,711 


4,348 


1,306 


6,231 


23 ,718 


26,582 


63 ,975 


42,533 


4,068 


41,309 


53 ,262 


11 ,218 


13 ,691 


1,640 


5,225 


4,330 


6,971 


448 


598 


2,276 


801 


991 


2,051 


27 ,499 


2,276 


10 ,141 


5,100 


1,720 


35 


7,679 


6,098 


1,661 


6,998 


903 


3,564 


3,617 


663 


35 


3,801 


3,610 


67 


2,942 

1,710 


237 
6 


1,185 


1,150 

130 


417 




2,233 


1,800 
168 


323 


15,849 


1,130 


5,392 


203 


640 




1,645 


520 




4,410 


160 


1,833 


60 


110 




285 




989 


1,099 


824 


1,088 


543 


595 


1,646 


1 ,145 


881 


73 ,418 


34,603 


100 ,629 


40 ,869 


34,831 


76 ,975 


104,596 


66,441 


70,338 


676 


709 


448 


577 


374 


310 


1,125 


733 


577 


38,615 


18,891 


42 ,674 


18,525 


16,812 


27,475 


54,851 


28 ,277 


33 ,196 


182 


111 


79 


152 


137 


103 


175 


303 


212 


21,636 


3,893 


14 ,663 


6,613 


15,504 


22 ,059 


16,518 


29 ,910 


27 ,462 


24 


13 


27 


3 


3 


13 


13 


4 


8 


3,963 


3,120 


7,318 


368 


492 


2,512 


2,484 


237 


2,521 


107 


266 


270 


356 


29 


169 


333 


105 


84 


9,204 


8,699 


35 ,974 


15,363 


2,023 


24 ,929 


30 ,743 


8,017 


7,159 


9 


69 


14 


65 


2 


4 


13 


10 


8 


575 


1,601 


1,841 


2,246 


126 


289 


1,133 


556 


592 


36 


459 


75 


213 


136 


42 


1 


205 


146 


456 


7,241 


1,005 


3,146 


1,795 


939 


11 


4,001 


2,555 


33 


129 


52 


88 


102 


25 


1 


135 


100 


377 


1,210 


352 


622 


1,143 


308 


11 


1,765 


1,252 


1 


64 


10 


27 


28 


10 




48 


28 


17 


928 

2 
516 


91 


527 


492 

1 

60 


230 




1,378 


953 

1 
21 


2 


264 


13 


98 


5 


7 




22 


17 


62 


4,587 


562 


1,997 


100 


401 




858 


329 




128 


1 


46 


1 


1 




4 






1,798 


111 


786 


48 


70 




122 





Faras, 1954. operated by — 

White operators number. 

Full owners number . 

Part owners number . 

Managers number. 

All tenants number. 

Croppers number . 

Nonwhite operators number . 

Full owners number. 

Part owners number . 

Managers number . 

All tenants number . 

Croppers number . 

I, and in faras, 1954. operated by — 

White operators acres. 

Full owners acres. 

Part owners acres. 

Managers acres . 

All tenants acres . 

Croppers acres. 

Nonwhite operators acres. 

Full owners acres. 

Part owners acres. 

Managers acres. 

All tenants acres. 

Croppers acres. 

Cropland harvested, 1954. in faras operated by — 

White operators farms reporting. 

acres . 

Full owners farms reporting. 

acres . 

Part owners farms reporting . 

acrss. 

Managers farms reporting. 

acres. 

All tenants : farms reporting . 

acres. 

Croppers farms reporting . 

acres. 

Nonwhite operators farms reporting . 

acres. 

Full owners farms reporting . 

acres. 

Part owners farms reporting . 

acres . 

Managers farms reporting. 

acres. 

All tenants farms reporting . 

acres. 

Croppers farms reporting . 

acres. 



164 



STATISTICS FOR COUNTIES 



County Table 3. -FARMS BY SIZE OF FARM AND BY TYPE 

["Data for items shown In italics are based on 



(For definitions and explanations, see text) 



Allegany 



Anne 
Arundel 



Baltimore 
and Balti- 
more City 



FARMS BY SIZE OF FARM 

Faraa by size: 

All farms number 1954.. 

Under 10 acres number 1954. . 

1950.. 
Under 3 acres number 1954.. 

1950.. 
3 to 9 acres number 1954.. 

1950.. 

10 to 29 acres number 1954. . 

1950.. 
30 to 49 acres number 1954.. 

1950.. 
50 to 69 acres number 1934.. 

1950.. 
70 to 99 acres number 1954.. 

1950.. 

100 to 139 acres number 1954.. 

1950. . 
140 to 179 acres number 1954.. 

1950.. 
180 to 219 acres number 1954.. 

1950.. 

220 to 259 acres number 1954.. 

1950.. 
260 to 499 acrea number 1954.. 

1950. . 
500 to 999 acres number 1954.. 

1950. . 
1,000 acres and over number 1954.. 

1950. . 
Land in faras by size of fara; 

All land in farms acres 1954.. 

1950.. 

Under 10 acres acres 1954 . . 

1950.. 
10 to 29 acres acres 1954.. 

1950. . 
30 to 49 acres acres 1954 . . 

1950.. 
50 to 69 acres acres 1954.. 

1950.. 

70 to 99 acres acres 1954.. 

1950.. 
100 to 139 acres acres 1954.. 

1950.. 
140 to 179 acres acres 1954. . 

1950.. 
180 to 219 acres acres 1954.. 

1950.. 

220 to 259 acres acres 1954.. 

1950.. 
260 to 499 acres acres 1954.. 

1950.. 
500 to 999 acres acres 1954.. 

1950.. 
1,000 acres and over acres 1954.. 

1950.. 

FAKMS BY TYPE OF FARM 

Bsttmated number of farms 1954. . 

1950. . 

Field-crop farms other than vegetable 

and frult-and-nul number 1954.. 

1950.. 

Cash-fraln number 1954. . 

1950. . 

Cotton number 1954. . 

, 1950.. 

Other field-crop number 1954.. 

1950. . 

Vegetable farms number 1954.. 

1950.. 
Frul t-and-nut farms number 1954. . 

1950.. 

Dairy farms number 1954. . 

1950.. 
Poultry farms number 1954.. 

1950.. 

Ltvestoek farms other than dairy and 

poultry number 1954.. 

1950.. 

General farms number 1954.. 

1950.. 
Primarily crop number 1954.. 

1950.. 
Primarily livestock number 1954.. 

1950.. 
Crop and livestock number 1954.. 

1950.. 

rrtscellaneous and unclassified farms nuja&er 1954.. 

1950.. 



32,500 

4,676 
4,672 
1,079 
795 
3,597 
3,877 

5,041 
5,844 
3,138 
3,708 
2,690 
3,371 
3,288 
3,822 

4,036 
4,771 
2,949 
3,251 
1,983 
2,098 

1,251 

1,353 

2,616 

2,460 

659 

624 

173 

133 

3,896,608 
4,055,529 

21,184 
23,174 
90,712 
103,657 
120,291 
142,668 
157,147 
196,690 

275,105 
318,635 
470,839 
556,308 
463,312 
511,137 
392,199 
414,696 

296,974 
322,802 
883,736 
829,146 
428,685 
401,569 
296,424 
235,047 



32,483 
36,107 



7,428 
6,357 
2,747 
1,370 



4,681 
4,987 

751 

1,126 

239 

221 

6,187 
6,893 
2,796 
3,462 



2,324 
2,182 

2,034 

2,795 

479 

521 

326 

775 

1,229 

1,499 

10,724 
13,071 



100 

133 

17 

30 

83 

103 

126 
138 

92 
100 

78 
102 

98 
104 

93 
118 
78 
79 
56 
59 

38 
39 
71 
71 
25 
21 
9 
10 

124,811 
122,200 

480 
624 
2,219 
2,335 
3,470 
3,899 
4,566 
6,062 

8,197 
8,623 
10,949 
13,696 
12,398 
12,252 
11,052 
11,740 

9,001 
9,250 
24,553 
24,373 
16,452 
13,097 
21,474 
16,249 



909 
974 



172 
230 
44 
30 
128 
200 

228 
334 
155 
179 
142 
165 
140 
167 

136 

152 
82 
84 



101,964 
116,221 

812 
1,137 
4,205 
5,996 
5,940 
6,904 
8,271 
9,678 

11,778 
14,228 
15,702 
17,791 
12,917 
13,152 
9,644 
10, 599 

6,620 
7,806 
14,292 
17,015 
5,494 
7,756 
6,289 
4,159 



1,209 
1,465 



721 

687 

5 

13 



716 
674 



51 
35 

30 
35 
10 
17 

1 
20 

17 

277 
563 



2,331 

360 

536 

84 

129 

276 
407 

506 
676 
308 
323 
202 
278 
240 
248 

247 
281 
147 
175 



63 
70 
137 
124 
28 
29 
2 
3 

207,561 
221,452 

1,623 
2,424 
9,105 
11,971 
11,711 
12,275 
11,781 
16,250 

20,060 
20,615 
28,960 
32,624 
23,022 
27,451 
17,862 
15,323 

14,946 
16,631 
46,580 
42,522 
17,461 
17,836 
4,450 
5,530 



2,302 
2,821 



115 
84 

115 
84 



130 

156 

30 

9 

286 
325 
290 
356 



295 
273 

121 
195 
15 
43 
35 
49 
71 
103 

1,035 
1,423 



1,248 

328 
202 
58 
10 
270 
192 

246 
246 

137 
140 
111 
127 
113 
151 

135 
154 
74 
89 
38 
42 

23 
26 

34 
31 
7 
9 
2 



86,821 
94,397 

1,662 
1,204 
4,193 
3,952 
5,204 
5,485 
6,534 
7,472 

9,306 
12,436 
15,665 
17,868 
,.1,542 
13,929 
7,542 
8,335 

5,537 
6,152 
12,102 
10,671 
4,580 
5,198 
2,954 
1,695 



1,277 
1,218 



976 

1,004 

5 

10 



371 
994 



148 

162 

55 

54 

93 

108 

220 
231 
149 
183 
112 
154 
181 
217 

180 
240 
140 
145 
94 
83 

54 
47 
97 
91 
18 
14 
3 



157,617 
165,079 

578 
662 
4,239 
4,253 
5,717 
7,084 
6,546 
9,038 

15,070 
18,038 
21,314 
27,747 
22,072 
22,867 
18,656 
16,339 

12,905 
11,221 
32,606 
31,454 
11,661 
9,725 
6,253 
6,651 



1,414 
1,571 



316 
119 
311 

110 



270 
209 



235 
403 
261 
385 



30 
24 

160 

138 

35 

19 

15 

19 

110 

100 

355 

434 



2,571 

330 
308 
99 
53 
231 
255 

397 
439 
265 
325 
262 
291 
314 
373 

429 
469 
259 

272 
122 
117 



100 
14 
13 



244,012 
252,472 

r 1,408 

1,525 

7,505 

8,071 

10,291 

12,663 

15,315 

17,198 

26,399 

31,407 
50,280 
54,660 
40,717 
42,276 
24,309 
23,001 

18, 778 

13,420 

32,090 

32,934 

8,925 

7,613 

7,995 

7,704 



2,604 
2,766 



240 
95 

230 
90 



595 
801 
261 

315 



367 
264 

315 
295 

45 
60 
70 
55 
200 
180 

771 

941 



1,185 

118 

117 

19 

13 



177 
164 
99 
126 
110 
110 
137 
147 

137 
173 

111 
119 



111 

33 

29 

5 

5 

160,135 
169,034 

599 

623 

3,129 

2,981 
3,762 
4,865 
6,490 
6,475 

11,325 
12,225 
16,056 
20,070 
17,728 
18,914 
16,865 
17,379 

13,269 
13,282 
38,460 
36,372 
21,572 
18,466 
10,880 
17,382 



1,176 
1,244 



451 
581 
30 



35 

40 
10 
10 

15 
25 

15 

505 
451 



MARYLAND 



165 



OF FARM: CENSUSES OF 1954 AND 1950 



reports for only a sample 


of farms. 


See text] 


























Dorchester 


Frederick 


Garrett 


Harford 


Howard 


Kent 


Montgomery 


Prince 
Georges 


Queen 
Annes 


St. Marys 


Somerset 


Talbot 


Washington 


Wicomico 


Worcester 




1,027 


2,792 


1,438 


1,548 


881 


711 


1,455 


1,786 


977 


1,443 


801 


747 


1,934 


1,560 


1,178 


1 


130 


384 


47 


175 


107 


70 


324 


389 


101 


242 


167 


90 


287 


242 


175 


2 


107 


366 


111 


231 


134 


29 


280 


404 


22 


144 


154 


95 


299 


246 


166 


3 


49 


113 


10 


31 


16 


8 


65 


76 


17 


43 


53 


28 


64 


50 


56 


4 


19 


75 


12 


49 


19 


1 


33 


48 




14 


19 


24 


49 


55 


41 


5 


81 


271 


37 


144 


91 


62 


259 


313 


84 


199 


114 


62 


223 


192 


119 


6 


88 


291 


99 


182 


115 


28 


247 


356 


22 


130 


135 


71 


250 


193 


125 


7 


128 


339 


126 


223 


139 


60 


214 


384 


69 


224 


108 


79 


304 


298 


163 


8 


164 


373 


210 


281 


163 


49 


231 


463 


50 


190 


157 


90 


286 


357 


251 


9 


73 


202 


111 


159 


73 


38 


101 


184 


45 


157 


78 


37 


170 


229 


139 


lu 


123 


243 


170 


221 


96 


33 


99 


232 


48 


160 


96 


38 


186 


282 


172 


11 


68 


190 


176 


145 


66 


15 


76 


147 


35 


134 


75 


31 


134 


195 


85 


12 


108 


215 


233 


169 


95 


21 


112 


198 


36 


162 


95 


36 


150 


230 


148 


13 


118 


241 


191 


167 


79 


29 


108 


171 


64 


146 


87 


39 


187 


172 


132 


14 


U3 


259 


223 


222 


108 


33 


119 


222 


76 


135 


90 


40 


211 


206 


157 


15 


110 


451 


251 


228 


118 


57 


142 


186 


96 


172 


74 


85 


267 


162 


111 


16 


153 


493 


288 


271 


139 


68 


173 


254 


106 


204 


107 


100 


319 


176 


138 


17 


91 


365 


176 


144 


91 


63 


91 


111 


124 


131 


57 


78 


217 


99 


83 


18 


104 


413 


173 


175 


115 


77 


115 


124 


132 


121 


62 


89 


252 


93 


98 


19 


59 


255 


120 


108 


61 


96 


99 


61 


105 


79 


34 


59 


135 


54 


45 


20 


70 


265 


111 


98 


66 


108 


116 


65 


126 


89 


40 


87 


130 


56 


65 


21 


42 


133 


65 


67 


41 


69 


59 


37 


81 


40 


26 


56 


67 


31 


39 


22 


50 


139 


84 


70 


32 


59 


72 


51 


112 


65 


15 


64 


70 


43 


39 


23 


132 


200 


145 


108 


78 


164 


178 


90 


195 


86 


65 


139 


138 


45 


119 


24 


114 


187 


129 


94 


82 


170 


180 


86 


164 


87 


73 


129 


96 


51 


99 


25 


53 


28 


26 


20 


19 


38 


51 


22 


50 


26 


23 


45 


24 


20 


48 


26 


61 


21 


26 


19 


16 


43 


45 


23 


55 


19 


28 


34 


22 


12 


39 


27 


23 


4 


4 


4 


9 


12 


12 


4 


12 


6 


7 


7 


4 


13 


19 


28 


10 


3 


4 


2 


5 


6 


13 


8 


10 


4 


3 


5 


4 


7 


17 


29 


185,163 


328,692 


207,882 


175,100 


120,196 


153,571 


197,335 


159,678 


196,018 


149,882 


97,910 


141,994 


213,104 


140,372 


176,863 


30 


179,323 


339,744 


215,078 


185,739 


122,999 


156,719 


213,004 


187,606 


200,004 


151,490 


102,212 


139,698 


218,540 


139,693 


182,070 


31 


514 


1,655 


244 


856 


503 


357 


1,395 


1,878 


470 


1,094 


704 


349 


1,334 


1,052 


737 


32 


602 


1,847 


559 


1,046 


702 


183 


1,350 


2,123 


132 


730 


766 


425 


1,538 


1,162 


777 


33 


2,266 


6,065 


2,515 


4,168 


2,530 


1,084 


3,695 


6,732 


1,207 


4,052 


1,808 


1,487 


5,174 


5,333 


3,438 


34 


2,872 


6,730 


3,876 


4,973 


2,879 


916 


3,886 


8,159 


889 


3,422 


2,758 


1,506 


5,068 


6,510 


4,461 


35 


2,852 


7,806 


4,374 


6,065 


2,797 


1,489 


3,842 


7,022 


1,727 


6,098 


2,969 


1,333 


6,627 


8,812 


5,234 


36 


4,843 


9,253 


6,671 


8,578 


3,623 


1,246 


3,753 


8,892 


1,801 


6,098 


3,659 


1,461 


7,298 


10,879 


6,457 


37 


3,968 


11,175 


9,878 


8,514 


3,878 


854 


4,497 


8,588 


2,067 


7,780 


4,442 


1,844 


7,949 


11,300 


5,119 


38 


6,184 


12,606 


13,296 


11,124 


5,532 


1,170 


6,547 


11,484 


2,123 


9,428 


5,505 


2,049 


8,831 


13,468 


8,540 


39 


9,837 


20,419 


16,079 


14,009 


6,789 


2,401 


9,129 


14,243 


5,382 


12,376 


7,258 


3,244 


15,585 


14,071 


10,935 


40 


11,703 


21,622 


18,606 


18,587 


9,232 


2,610 


10,008 


18,556 


6,565 


11,024 


7,472 


3,384 


17,727 


16,746 


12,920 


41 


12,549 


52,983 


28,853 


26,732 


13,928 


6,657 


16,672 


21,285 


11,324 


19,653 


8,721 


10,188 


31,470 


18,613 


12,868 


42 


17,679 


58,660 


33,305 


31,689 


16,370 


7,994 


20,320 


29,242 


12,660 


23,714 


12,361 


11,806 


37,687 


20,238 


15,865 


43 


14,238 


57,182 


27,652 


22,822 


14,271 


9,976 


14,251 


16,998 


19,587 


20,469 


9,017 


12,359 


34,021 


15,510 


13,072 


44 


16,068 


64,952 


27,216 


27,533 


18,086 


12,391 


18,197 


19,441 


21,076 


19,190 


9,737 


13,903 


39,631 


14,565 


15,456 


45 


11,677 


50,449 


23,852 


21,297 


12,016 


19,304 


19,592 


11,881 


20,896 


15,423 


6,672 


11,798 


26,416 


10,589 


8,783 


46 


13,918 


52,140 


21,955 


19,512 


13,315 


21,891 


23,060 


12,818 


24,689 


17,404 


7,922 


17,230 


25,593 


10,989 


12,751 


47 


9,866 


31,577 


15,393 


15,881 


9,691 


16,240 


14,237 


8,744 


19,354 


9,427 


6,195 


13,726 


15,883 


7,373 


9,262 


46 


12,089 


32,963 


20,084 


16,505 


7,622 


14,177 


17,284 


12,272 


26,951 


15,596 


3,554 


15,163 


16,597 


10,238 


9,295 


49 


44,849 


66,677 


49,484 


36,276 


26,852 


54,967 


59,882 


31,009 


66, 593 


28,939 


22,756 


48,478 


44,269 


15,055 


40,758 


5t 


38,666 


61,679 


43,168 


31,362 


27,473 


56,602 


61,822 


28,818 


54,620 


29,211 


23,766 


44,758 


31,981 


17,929 


34,856 


51 


36,735 


17,906 


16,021 


13,356 


13,606 


23,705 


33,134 


14,786 


31,748 


17,551 


15,544 


28,335 


14,558 


12,320 


33,217 


52 


40,501 


12,952 


16,492 


11,980 


10,388 


28,363 


29,711 


15,416 


35,028 


11,192 


18,042 


21,248 


15,229 


7,491 


26,333 


53 


35,812 


4,798 


13,537 


5,124 


13,335 


16,537 


17,009 


16,512 


15,663 


7,000 


11,824 


8,853 


9,818 


20,344 


33,440 


54 


14,198 


4,340 


9,850 


2,850 


7,777 


8,976 


17,066 


20,385 


13,470 


4,481 


6,650 


6,765 


11,360 


9,478 


34,359 


55 


1,044 


2,799 


1,395 


1,509 


884 


702 


1,468 


1,779 


993 


1,441 


799 


714 


1,930 


1,552 


1,173 


56 


1,207 


2,977 


1,762 


1,873 


1,051 


696 


1,555 


2,130 


937 


1,380 


920 


807 


2,025 


1,763 


1,389 


57 


410 


80 


50 


15 


25 


117 


101 


1,061 


156 


872 


132 


178 


110 


335 


334 


56 


210 


71 


9 


20 


36 


100 


29 


1,181 


89 


927 


56 


135 


141 


128 


141 


59 


410 


60 


35 


15 


25 


117 


96 


25 


156 


30 


132 


176 


110 


265 


309 


60 


210 


66 




20 


36 


100 


29 


5 


89 


10 


43 


135 


141 


67 


57 


61 
62 




20 


15 








5 


1,036 




842 








70 


25 


63 

6, 




5 


9 










1,176 




917 


13 






61 


84 


65 


57 


16 




17 




11 


25 


30 


5 




50 


5 


5 


167 


56 


66 


124 


20 




22 


13 


19 


24 


43 


4 




40 


37 


32 


322 


59 


67 




35 






10 


5 


15 


5 






27 




51 


11 




6? 


4 


21 


9 


1 


13 




10 




13 




26 




52 


34 


10 


69 


50 


1,262 


435 


607 


224 


311 


306 


20 


422 


10 


30 


75 


676 


20 


68 


70 


104 


1,369 


350 


669 


181 


326 


275 


16 


498 


19 


26 


155 


622 




47 


71 


86 


105 


96 


100 


80 




46 


55 


36 


55 


251 


93 


81 


457 


273 


72 


84 


121 


117 


152 


112 


28 


93 


67 


59 


11 


251 


84 


78 


465 


497 


73 


32 


180 


131 


125 


189 


40 


295 


71 


65 


32 


21 


48 


191 


6 


11 


74 


9 


206 


205 


162 


160 


25 


306 


41 


33 


25 


39 


16 


175 


12 


21 


75 


104 


156 


86 


85 


45 


43 


55 


10 


118 


56 


57 


145 


106 


101 


115 


"6 


200 


233 


215 


88 


95 


91 


127 


31 


117 


64 


91 


187 


206 


133 


147 


77 


34 


31 


20 


15 






5 


5 


5 


25 


31 


5 


10 


91 


57 


78 


70 


26 


6 


10 


9 


5 


29 


2 


9 


14 


44 


16 


14 


61 


50 


79 




30 


30 


35 


10 


10 


10 




1 




5 


30 


30 






80 


17 


131 


190 


24 


37 


35 


19 


5 


13 


10 


4 


11 


87 


6 


32 


81 


70 


95 


36 


35 


35 


33 


40 


5 


112 


31 


21 


110 


66 


10 


58 


82 


113 


76 


19 


54 


49 


51 


79 


24 


95 


40 


43 


160 


105 


66 


65 


83 




965 


597 


sea 


311 


175 


625 


527 


191 


416 


231 


170 


710 


455 


316 


84 


472 




857 


759 




107 


691 


751 


124 


334 


391 


193 


719 


669 


467 


65 



166 



STATISTICS FOR COUNTIES 

County Table 4— VALUE OF FARM PRODUCTS SOLD BY SOURCE: CENSUSES OF 1954 AND 1950 





Item 
(For definitions and explanations, see text) 


The State 


Allegany 


Anne 
Arundel 


Baltimore 

and 

Baltimore City 


Calvert 


Caroline 


Carroll 


1 




32,500 
36,107 


864 
974 


1,187 
1,465 


2,331 
2,821 




1,248 
1,218 




1,396 

1,571 


2 571 


2 


1950... 


2,766 




VALUE OF PRODUCTS SOLD BY SOURCE 




















3 




195,072,119 


1,443,602 


5,039,592 


10 945 260 




3 207 240 




10,424,165 
10,179,932 


13,448,192 
11,433,436 


* 


1949 . . . 


172,157,401 


1,145,015 


5,351,727 


10,947,338 




3,007,060 




5 




69,056,248 


534 900 


3,577,485 


3 951 886 




2 853 041 




3,575,291 
1,972,127 


3,139,004 
2,233,446 


6 


1949... 


54,413,352 


284,941 


3,915,217 


4,093,950 




2,773,720 




7 


Field crops, other than vegetables and 


47,509,711 


1, 47,378 


3,232,814 


809,691 




2,848,050 




2,579,994 


2,020,448 


8 


1949... 


36,145,770 


41,928 


3,259,432 


666,141 




2,770,376 




1,135,183 


1,339,470 


9 




10,838,366 


62,115 


243 ,697 


1,193,656 




2,536 




972,135 


525,516 


10 


1949... 


9,808,008 


52,992 


425,713 


1,327,121 




852 




801,854 


601,143 


11 




5,011,422 


218,557 


24,884 


124,771 




2,455 




13,405 


92,110 


12 


1949... 


2,900,242 


102,931 


31,774 


87,041 




1,417 




11,090 


70,901 


13 




5,696,749 


106,850 


76,090 


1,823,768 








9,757 


500,930 


14 


1949... 


5,559,332 


87,090 


198,298 


2,013,647 




1,075 




24,000 


221,932 


15 


All livestock and livestock products 


125,004,055 


890,921 


1,452,166 


6,965,620 




326,373 




6,823,832 


10,276,877 


16 


1949... 


116,685,765 


824,656 


1,415,868 


6,817,302 




220,244 




8,181,472 


9,184,917 


17 




55,818,000 


387,274 


370,745 


3,142,935 




21,401 




1,474,258 


5,339,566 


18 


1949... 


47,218,262 


405,135 


341,327 


2,688,466 




12,822 




1,291,509 


4,434,818 


19 


Poultry and poultry products sold. .. .dollars 1954... 


42,830,597 


242,248 


398,049 


1,625,291 




111,104 




4,766,871 


1,786,163 


20 


1949... 


45,535,759 


146,265 


480,669 


1,853,593 




75,710 




6,479,048 


1,862,446 


21 


Livestock and livestock products, other 


26,355,458 


261,399 


683,372 


2,197,394 




•* 
193,868 




582,703 


3,151,148 


«2 


1949... 


23,931,744 


273,256 


593,872 


2,275,243 




131,712 




410,915 


2,887,653 


23 




1,011,816 


17,781 


9,941 


27,754 




27,826 




25,042 


32,311 


24 


1949... 


1,058,284 


35,418 


20,642 


36,086 




13,096 




26,333 | 15,073 




Item 
(For definitions and explanations, see text) 


Cecil 


Charles 


Dorchester 


Frederick 


Garrett 


Harford 


Howard 


Kent 


1 




1,185 
1,244 




1,440 
1,576 




1,027 
1,207 


2,792 
2,977 


1,438 
1,762 


1,548 
1,873 


881 
1,051 


711 


2 


1950... 


696 




VALUE OF PRODUCTS SOLD BY SOURCE 






















3 




6,550,185 




4,291,768 




7,273,860 


18,873,395 


4,017,904 


9,802,527 


5,538,576 


6,845,306 


4 


1949... 


6,040,279 




4,177,594 




5,700,631 


16,087,464 


3,396,379 


8,912,208 


4,530,683 


5,428,340 


5 




1,642,630 




3,627,874 




5,331,351 


2,455,640 


435,602 


1,128,376 


788,613 


2,958,278 


6 


1949... 


1,165,613 




3,637,768 




3,004,608 


2,275,783 


263,524 


969,284 


754,512 


2,013,806 


7 


Field crops, other than vegetables and 


1,150,643 




3,607,392 




4,112,314 


1,695,181 


231,765 


537,291 


566,021 


2,207,348 


8 


1949... 


868,052 




3,624,404 




1,724,985 


1,533,421 


124,120 


457,455 


577,293 


1,636,322 


9 




297,479 




7,670 




1,181,535 


249,213 


101 ,354 


437,396 


37,150 


697,542 


10 


1949... 


253,372 




6,257 




1,214,704 


270,693 


12,607 


408,916 


71,522 


359,604 


11 




71,383 




3,612 




17,067 


299,948 


13,468 


107,297 


105,642 


30,968 


12 


1949... 


40,505 




1,556 




39,467 


154,969 


24,277 


86,933 


74,044 


17,143 


13 




123,125 




9,200 




20,435 


211,298 


89,015 


46,392 


79,800 


22,420 


14 


' 1949... 


3,684 




5,551 




25,452 


316,700 


102,520 


15,980 


31,653 


737 


15 


All livestock and livestock products 
sold dollars 1954. . . 


4,883,266 




596,525 




1,853,012 


16,389,551 


3,485,588 


8,620,184 


4,719,915 


3,872,669 


16 


1949... 


4,842,156 




500,940 




2,612,148 


13,784,142 


2,963,100 


7,901,321 


3,760,273 


3,406,121 


17 




3,548,943 




64,420 




603,837 


13,092,420 


1 ,495 ,954 


5,969,877 


2,068,945 


2,628,253 


18 


1949... 


3,277,744 




47,609 




619,604 


10,277,216 


1,131,991 


5,095,402 


1,727,024 


2,367,615 


19 


Poultry and poultry products sold. .. .dollars 1954... 


687,591 




198,711 




994,913 


919,771 


1,330,049 


820,923 


615,075 


183,148 


20 


1949... 


814,622 




118,296 




1,646,017 


1,031,456 


937,153 


1,319,103 


531,319 


233,129 


21 


Livestock and livestock products, other 


646,732 




333,394 




254,262 


2,377,360 


659,585 


1,829,384 


2,035,895 


1,061,268 


22 


1949... 


749,790 




335,035 




346,527 


2,475,470 


893,956 


1,486,816 


1,501,930 


805,377 


23 




24,289 




67,369 




89,497 


28,204 


96,714 


53,967 


30,048 


14,359 


24 


1949... 


32,510 




38,886 




63,875 


27,539 169,755 


41,603 


15,898 


8,413 






MARYLAND 

County Table 4.-VALUE OF FARM PRODUCTS SOLD BY SOURCE: CENSUSES OF 1954 AND 1950-Continued 



167 





Item 
(For definitions and explanations, see text) 


Montgomery 


Prince 
Georges 


Queen 
Annes 


St. Marys 


Somerset 


Talbot 


Washington 


Wicomico 


Worcester 


1 

2 




1,455 
1,555 


1,786 
2,130 


977 
937 


1,443 
1,380 


801 
920 


747 
807 


1,934 
2,025 


1,560 
1,763 


1,178 


1950... 


1,389 




VALUE OF PRODUCTS SOLD BY SOURCE 




















3 




9,697,587 
10,678,909 


6,667,838 
7,159,565 


8,552,009 
6,567,449 


4,281,783 
3,886,688 


8,174,205 
6,129,688 


8,069,793 
5,622,632 


12,072,233 
8,727,086 


16,382,437 
12,746,203 


13,472,662 


4 


1949. . . 


14,301,095 


5 




1,994,773 
1,769,033 


5,026,749 
5,812,875 


2,854,160 
1,907,924 


3,126,990 
3,066,938 


2,405,231 
1,579,858 


3,008,790 
1,795,715 


4,815,013 
2,831,159 


5,598,080 
3,701,415 


4,226,491 


6 


1949... 


2,590,136 


7 


Field crops, other than vegetables and 


1,004,767 
827,953 


4,200,924 
4,768,771 


2,593,816 
1,655,293 


3,114,431 
3,057,294 


1,122,995 

531,798 


2,625,028 
1,376,267 


1,567,961 
1,326,988 


2,581,414 
1,169,275 


2,952,045 


8 


1949. . . 


1,673,549 


9 




156,291 
158,967 


105,476 
267,959 


221,664 
196,093 


4,885 
6,392 


825,459 
755,563 


264,554 
314,627 


186,038 
111,758 


2,152,667 
1,509,724 


912,338 


10 


1949... 


679,575 


11 




102,173 
79,284 


41,155 
22,899 


3,535 
3,632 


3,769 
3,210 


275,827 
169,717 


75,341 
55,273 


2,879,135 
1,298,192 


437,112 
441,881 


67,808 


12 


1949... 


82,106 


13 




731,542 


679,194 


35,145 


3,905 


180,950 


43,867 


181,879 


426,887 


294,300 


14 


1949... 


702,829 


753,246 


52,906 


42 


122,780 


49,548 


94,221 


580,535 


154,906 


15 


All livestock and livestock products 


7,682,067 
8,868,106 


1,608,824 
1,327,912 


5,644,227 
4,645,644 


1,017,190 
775,032 


5,721,684 
4,467,697 


4,997,483 
3,795,768 


7,236,705 
5,866,352 


10,756,643 
8,953,782 


9,182,733 


16 


1949... 


11,570,812 


17 




5,083,234 


229,018 


3,390,416 


146,353 


443,955 


1,365,213 


4,286,893 


113,123 


550,967 


18 


1949... 


5,075,728 


332,805 


2,952,825 


84,116 


218,358 


1,197,815 


3,069,248 


138,319 


430,766 


19 


Poultry and poultry products sold. ...dollars 1954... 


394,498 


345 ,042 


531,081 


461,106 


4,839,955 


2,351,050 


949,578 


10,291,739 


7,986,641 


20 


1949... 


901,992 


358,219 


531,758 


378,415 


3,952,653 


1,808,959 


620,815 


8,568,225 


10,685,897 


21 


Livestock end livestock products, other 


2,204,335 


1,034,764 


1,722,730 


409,731 


437,774 


1,281,220 


2,000,234 


351,781 


645,125 


22 


1949... 


2,890,386 


636,888 


1,161,061 


312,501 


296,686 


788,994 


1,976,289 


247,238 


454,149 


23 




20,747 
41,770 


32,265 
18,778 


53,622 
13,881 


137,603 
44,718 


47,290 
82,133 


63,520 
31,149 


20,515 
29,575 


27,714 
91,006 


63,438 


24 


1949. . . 


140,147 



168 



STATISTICS FOR COUNTIES 



County Table 5 .-FARMS BY ECONOMIC CLASS, BY CLASS OF WORK POWER, OFF-FARM WORK 



[Data are based on reports for only 



(For definitions and explanations, see text) 



Anne 
Arundel 



Baltimore 
and Balti- 
more City 



Estimated number of farms 1954. 

1950. 

FARMS BY ECONOMIC CLASS 
Commercial farms number 1954 . 

1950. 
Class I number 1954 . 

1950. 
Class II number 1954 . 

1950. 
Class III number 1954. 

1950. 
Class IV number 1954. 

1950. 
Class V number 1954. 

1950. 
Class VI number 1954 . 

1950. 

Other farms number 1954 . 

1950. 
Part-time number 1954 . 

1950. 
Residential number 1954. 

1950. 
Abnormal number 1954 . 

1950. 

FARMS BY CLASS OF WORK POWER 

No tractor, horses, or mules farms reporting 1954. 

No tractor and only 1 horse or 

mule farms reporting 1954 . 

No tractor and 2 or more horses 

and/or mules farms reporting 1954 . 

Tractor and horses and/or mules. .. .farms reporting 1954. 

Tractor and no horses or mules farms reporting 1954. 

SPECIFIED FACILITIES AND EQUIPMENT 

Telephone farms reporting 1954 . 

1950. 
Electricity farms reporting 1954. 

1950. 

Television set farms reporting 1954. 

Piped running water farms reporting 1954. 

Home freezer farms reporting 1954 . 

1950. 

Electric pig brooder farms reporting 1954. 

Power feed grinder farms reporting 1954 . 

Milking machine farms reporting 1954. 

1950. 
Grain combines farms reporting 1954 . 

1950. 
number 1954 . 

1950. 
Corn pickers farms reporting 1954 . 

1950. 
number 1954. 

1950. 

Pick-up hay balers farms reporting 1954 . 

1950. 

number 1954 . 

1950. 

Field forage harvesters farms reporting 1954. 

number 1954. 
Artificial ponds, reservoirs, and 

earth tanks farms reporting 1954 . 

number 1954. 

Motortrucks farms reporting 1954. 

1950. 

number 1954 . 

1950. 

Tractors farms reporting 1954. 

1950. 
number 1954. 
1950. 
Wheel tractors other' than 

garden farms reporting 1954. 

1950. 

number 1954. 

1950. 

Garden tractors farms reporting 1954 . 

1950. 

number 1954. 

1950. 

Crawler tractors farms reporting 1954. 

1950. 

number 1954. 

1950. 

Automobiles farms reporting 1954. 

1950. 

number 1954 . 

1950. 



OFF-FARM WORK AND OTHER INCOME 
F«r« operators— 

With other income of family exceeding value 
of farm products sold operators reporting 

Working off their farms, 
total operators reporting 

100 or more days operators reporting 



1954. 
1949. 

1954. 
1949. 
1954. 
1949. 



32,483 
36,107 



22,042 
23,452 
1,318 
931 
4,407 
3,675 
5,087 
5,720 
5,024 
5,463 
4,088 
4,653 
2,118 
3,010 

10,441 

12,655 

4,012 

4,880 

6,398 

7,707 

31 

68 



7,842 

1,393 

1,468 
7,328 
14,452 



22,137 
19,457 
30,155 
30,302 
20,099 
23,903 

14,443 
7,092 
553 
5,479 
6,375 
5,559 
5,468 
3,825 
5,678 
4,031 
5,004 
2,514 
5,116 
2,570 

4,873 
2,162 
4,915 
2,194 
1,639 
1,700 

2,670 
3,201 
16, 843 
16,917 
22,275 
21,428 
23,332 
20, 547 
40,666 
29, 885 

21,660 
18,915 
34,842 
26,096 
4,725 
2,885 

2,974 

743 

736 

927 

815 

26,153 

26,805 

38,077 

36,446 



11,589 
12,568 

15,411 
15,386 
11,121 
10,958 



909 
974 



344 
311 
27 
4 
37 
17 
73 
53 
56 
74 
86 
85 
65 
78 

565 
663 
215 

216 
350 
441 



336 

90 

75 
149 
259 



458 
240 
824 
804 
348 
554 



10 
136 
78 
48 
20 
17 
20 
17 
32 
15 
32 
15 

50 
23 
51 
23 
27 
27 

122 

181 
398 
393 
537 
500 
498 
408 
707 
521 

378 
312 
460 
371 
186 



56 

70 
61 
70 
642 
643 
752 
761 



497 
518 

517 
535 
392 
405 



1,209 
1,465 



932 

920 

30 

19 

120 

94 

266 

154 

265 

305 

175 

257 

76 

91 

277 
545 
175 
224 
100 
319 
2 
2 



235 

65 

65 
323 
521 



789 
845 
1,099 
1,240 
828 
829 

502 
319 
21 
243 
57 
37 
87 
57 
93 
62 
86 
15 
86 
15 

123 
42 

123 
42 
36 
36 

70 

70 

558 

629 

766 

787 

914 

814 

1,512 

1,073 

824 

714 

1,290 

860 

100 

91 

100 

96 

87 

116 

122 

117 

992 

1,089 

1,443 

1,536 



381 
524 

560 
645 
380 
506 



2,302 
2,821 



1,372 

1,524 

81 

62 

266 

231 

215 

262 

355 

311 

275 

332 

180 

306 

930 
1,297 
320 
530 
605 
761 
5 



155 

426 

1,001 



1,862 
1,881 
2,237 
2,616 
1,807 
1,987 

1,297 
862 

50 
397 
331 
264 
312 
244 
317 
250 
222 

73 
227 

73 

382 
216 
382 
216 

132 
137 

300 
365 
1,172 
1,417 
1,783 
1,887 
1,642 
1,635 
2,962 
2,389 

1,427 

1,370 

2,269 

1,813 

597 

470 

622 

496 

61 

78 

71 

80 

2,007 

2,279 

3,232 

3,525 



1,041 
1,319 

1,100 

1,327 

940 

1,148 



1,277 
1,218 



1,007 

1,014 

1 

1 

25 

15 

200 

142 

351 

367 

370 

352 

60 

137 

270 
204 
170 
125 
100 
79 



445 

105 

45 
361 
3H 



707 
516 
997 
696 
752 
617 

351 
161 

15 
116 
10 
10 
57 
41 
58 
41 
32 
21 
32 
21 

46 
11 



16 
16 

26 
26 

372 
346 
446 
384 
707 
511 
1,001 
602 

662 

416 

865 

477 

55 

25 

55 

25 

41 

90 

81 

100 

987 

826 

1,163 

979 



415 
222 

675 
488 
430 
219 



1,414 
1,571 



1,059 

1,142 

58 

65 

251 

185 

265 

270 

215 

271 

175 

223 

95 

128 

355 
429 
130 
208 
225 
221 



350 

50 

25 
341 
648 



984 

692 

1,344 

1,258 

924 

1,079 

662 
246 
10 
59 
351 
236 
342 
233 
368 
244 
298 
128 
309 
128 

77 
42 
77 
42 
36 
37 

11 
11 

654 

757 
1,073 

928 
1,057 

907 
1,710 
1,165 

989 

861 

1,570 

1,099 

129 

52 

129 

52 



11 
14 
1,072 
1,105 
1,331 
1,230 



513 
440 

656 
548 
375 

347 



2,604 
2,766 



1,848 

1,838 

63 

37 

300 

236 

520 

555 

445 

435 

310 

335 

210 

240 

756 
928 

320 
407 
435 
515 



576 

45 

125 
382 

1,476 



1,969 
1,603 
2,529 
2,594 
1,729 
2,144 

1,387 
683 

66 
747 
615 
547 
498 
373 
513 
381 
513 
266 
521 
271 

633 
280 
644 
285 
162 
163 

277 
323 
1,474 
1,443 
1,838 
1,849 
1,929 
1,704 
3,364 
2,612 

1,858 

1,619 

2,943 

2,335 

341 

223 

351 

229 

70 

47 

70 

48 

2,144 

2,209 

2,989 

3,002 



895 
1,011 

1,215 

1,200 
850 
838 



1,176 
1,244 



686 

803 

16 

24 

216 

219 

182 

265 

145 

137 

80 

97 

45 

61 

490 
441 
145 
134 
345 
307 



250 

30 

45 
203 
648 



826 
820 
1,131 
1,134 
930 
991 

555 

246 
15 
134 
441 
462 
229 
118 
231 
124 
210 
121 
211 
121 

205 
113 
207 
114 
77 



118 
137 
686 
700 
875 
863 
926 
880 
1,619 
1,405 

851 

810 

1,332 

1,239 

258 

150 

263 

150 

17 

16 

24 

16 

930 

993 

1,257 

1,293 



421 
415 

555 
527 
445 
399 



MARYLAND 

AND OTHER INCOME, AND FACILITIES AND EQUIPMENT: CENSUSES OF 1954 AND 1950 

a sample Of farms. See text] 



169 



Dorchester 


Frederick 


Garrett 


Harford 


Howard 


Kent 


Montgomery 


Prince 
Georges 


Queen 
Annes 


St. Marys 


Somerset 


Talbot 


Washington 


Wicomico 


Worcester 




1,<X4 


2,799 


1,395 


1,509 


884 


702 


1,468 


1,779 


993 


1,441 


799 


714 


1,930 


1,552 


1,173 


1 


1,207 


2,977 


1,762 


1,873 


1,051 


696 


1,555 


2,130 


937 


1,380 


920 


807 


2,025 


1,763 


1,389 


2 


745 


1,844 


809 


954 


579 


527 


845 


1,277 


803 


1,026 


579 


544 


1,225 


1,107 


868 


3 


743 


2,047 


914 


1,129 


610 


594 


899 


1,421 


813 


1,051 


540 


630 


1,311 


1,119 


950 


4 


42 


132 


18 


44 


38 


64 


144 


31 


33 


17 


105 


63 


49 


126 


117 


5 


29 




16 


30 


29 


17 


97 


24 


14 


2 


51 


34 


26 


110 


147 


6 


183 


575 


61 


270 


106 


197 


163 


121 


339 


71 


172 


166 


260 


249 


175 


7 


103 


534 


39 


246 


97 


204 


229 


65 


163 


27 


160 


108 


174 


256 


236 


6 


141 


456 


125 


260 


205 


146 


166 


215 


180 


221 


95 


145 


395 


170 


221 


9 


211 


644 


70 


338 


197 


214 


175 


377 


360 


214 


87 


223 


357 


136 


189 


10 


181 


306 


175 


200 


90 


80 


165 


445 


146 


367 


91 


85 


201 


205 


125 


11 


171 


322 


218 


221 


122 


70 


170 


406 


158 


389 


108 


164 


315 


205 


140 


12 


97 


245 


210 


125 


95 


35 


150 


310 


95 


300 


65 


55 


185 


230 


105 


13 


138 


242 


232 


181 


107 


61 


160 


390 


59 


307 


74 


64 


256 


216 


129 


14 


101 


130 


220 


55 


45 


5 


55 


155 


10 


50 


51 


30 


135 


125 


125 


15 


91 


237 


339 


113 


58 


28 


68 


159 


59 


112 


60 


37 


183 


194 


109 


16 


299 


955 


586 


555 


305 


175 


625 


502 


190 


415 


220 


170 


705 


445 


305 


17 


464 


930 


846 


744 


441 


102 


656 


709 


124 


329 


380 


177 


714 


644 


439 


18 


136 


305 


251 


195 


110 


40 


150 


200 


50 


185 


70 


55 


215 


250 


145 


19 


220 


362 


278 


296 


188 


34 


213 


227 


46 


180 


111 


92 


288 


198 


126 


20 


162 


650 


335 


360 


185 


135 


475 


295 


140 


230 


150 


115 


490 


190 


160 


21 


244 


562 


57C 


443 


253 


64 


443 


469 


78 


144 


269 


85 


416 


441 


313 


22 


1 








10 






7 












5 




^3 




6 




5 




4 




13 




5 






10 


5 




24 


223 


695 


256 


370 


210 


150 


420 


465 


135 


330 


200 


172 


530 


347 


231 


25 


50 


120 


60 


30 


25 


15 


70 


170 


45 


30 


45 


6 


65 


91 


71 


26 


20 


75 


160 


46 


45 


20 


75 


105 


41 


51 


25 


25 


80 


45 


40 


27 


230 


617 


267 


268 


182 


196 


311 


504 


299 


363 


154 


199 


426 


399 


399 


28 


521 


1,292 


652 


795 


422 


321 


592 


535 


473 


667 


375 


312 


829 


670 


432 


29 


747 


1,934 


670 


1,174 


729 


536 


1,288 


1,139 


772 


746 


550 


588 


1,330 


1,044 


685 


30 


703 


1,654 


504 


1,311 


868 


566 


1,173 


1,114 


563 


504 


428 


489 


1,055 


878 


502 


31 


1,001 


2,714 


1,245 


1,469 


849 


677 


1,433 


1,564 


946 


1,181 


719 


664 


1,890 


1,492 


1,078 


32 


1,020 


2,785 


1,384 


1,736 


1,059 


681 


1,405 


1,560 


848 


604 


770 


585 


1,885 


1,476 


1,049 


33 


548 


1,903 


454 


1,109 


654 


566 


1,105 


1,329 


723 


741 


247 


556 


1,180 


593 


363 


34 


752 


2,219 


900 


1,299 


819 


607 


1,268 


1,113 


748 


816 


571 


593 


1,305 


1,154 


853 


35 


397 


1,757 


305 


702 


482 


450 


849 


749 


406 


445 


254 


365 


875 


614 


470 


■t 


245 


891 


106 


410 


319 


168 


526 


319 


189 


128 


139 


188 


282 


263 


192 


37 


5 


55 


15 


40 


31 


22 


47 


26 


34 


26 


2 


6 


16 


10 


26 


38 


89 


577 


338 


308 


264 


84 


272 


223 


142 


300 


83 


95 


534 


76 


49 


39 


96 


1,142 


321 


567 


230 


379 


321 


12 


461 


10 


46 


208 


578 


30 


85 


40 


110 


1,136 


201 


563 


179 


348 


243 


28 


404 




56 


164 


451 


15 


47 


41 


390 


362 


81 


323 


122 


270 


161 


133 


455 


219 


179 


303 


267 


224 


257 


42 


321 


242 


17 


249 


119 


279 


145 


105 


331 


68 


137 


253 


212 


81 


110 


« 


403 


362 


106 


323 


130 


276 


168 


139 


480 


224 


180 


337 


267 


237 


269 


44 


358 


252 


17 


269 


130 


286 


147 


106 


341 


68 


147 


303 


212 


81 


122 


45 


273 


267 


40 


233 


80 


293 


170 


66 


426 


212 


175 


299 


302 


266 


335 


46 


214 


231 


11 


122 


82 


194 


110 


27 


229 


32 


52 


193 


216 


45 


91 


47 


276 


267 


40 


256 


87 


304 


170 


66 


439 


217 


175 


311 


302 


274 


340 


48 


235 


232 


11 


123 


93 


199 


110 


27 


234 


32 


52 


200 


216 


45 


91 


49 


100 


662 


128 


377 


244 


193 


303 


133 


234 


149 


40 


156 


323 


72 


125 


50 


71 


262 


13 


187 


120 


80 


125 


62 


74 


43 


52 


98 


127 


42 


31 


' : 


100 


662 


133 


377 


247 


195 


305 


136 


237 


149 


41 


156 


324 


77 


127 


. 


76 


262 


14 


187 


122 


81 


131 


65 


75 


43 


52 


104 


127 


42 


32 


53 


1 


206 


37 


152 


82 


172 


120 


17 


133 


6 




45 


121 


16 


19 


54 


1 


211 


38 


153 


88 


180 


122 


27 


144 


6 




47 


126 


16 


20 


55 


18 


512 


182 


186 


138 


81 


201 


32 


17 


67 


45 


20 


161 


31 


14 


K 


21 


607 


223 


196 


154 


111 


224 


36 


17 


67 


50 


20 


236 


57 


23 


57 


633 


1,534 


713 


819 


504 


460 


727 


749 


652 


389 


431 


458 


940 


1,044 


768 


58 


785 


1,485 


679 


776 


551 


444 


659 


832 


606 


359 


550 


444 


795 


1,004 


735 


59 


953 


1,795 


842 


1,078 


741 


717 


1,032 


1,076 


816 


432 


592 


712 


1,201 


1,367 


1,008 


61 


1,020 


1,724 


758 


980 


685 


548 


958 


1,076 


725 


403 


754 


621 


1,130 


1,350 


871 


; 


786 


2,084 


949 


1,164 


684 


537 


1,038 


1,184 


777 


1,050 


534 


531 


1,360 


1,101 


831 


t. 


855 


1,715 


624 


1,141 


727 


591 


905 


1,004 


728 


790 


503 


497 


1,145 


878 


677 


63 


1,570 


3,652 


1,266 


2,214 


1,275 


1,481 


1,974 


1,906 


1,677 


1,519 


851 


1,335 


2,257 


1,762 


1,398 


64 


1,414 


2,552 


694 


1,628 


1,090 


1,068 


1,476 


1,422 


1,173 


992 


761 


888 


1,620 


1,161 


981 


65 


751 


1,904 


904 


1,063 


604 


512 


903 


1,029 


772 


1,030 


524 


511 


1,250 


1,069 


826 


66 


835 


1 643 


569 


1,066 


637 


565 


794 


848 


718 


770 


498 


472 


1,055 


823 


652 


67 


1,473 


2 955 


1,089 


1,808 


1,037 


1,261 


1,543 


1,606 


1,529 


1,406 


820 


1,172 


1,863 


1,649 


1,354 




1,331 


2 303 


625 


1,398 


871 


979 


1,174 


1,134 


1,121 


934 


730 


811 


1,391 


1,109 


914 




61 


631 


101 


361 


212 


185 


410 


207 


137 


96 


20 


126 


322 


109 


20 


"■ 


70 


216 


66 


201 


166 


71 


272 


224 


41 


41 


15 


52 


176 


52 


41 


•I 


76 


641 


111 


371 


222 


186 


415 


228 


142 


96 


20 


143 


352 


109 


2fl 


". 


70 


216 


66 


211 


186 


71 


281 


237 


41 


41 


15 


57 


176 


52 


46 


• 


13 


51 


61 


20 


16 


28 


10 


56 


6 


17 


11 


15 


28 


3 


23 


■■ 


12 


32 


2 


16 


23 


17 


19 


48 


11 


17 


16 


10 


32 


20 


17 


75 


21 


56 


66 


35 


16 


34 


16 


72 


6 


17 


11 


20 


42 


4 


24 


W 


13 


33 


3 


19 


33 


18 


21 


51 


11 


17 


16 


20 


53 


20 


21 


77 


841 


2,524 


875 


1,294 


769 


537 


1,378 


1,448 


798 


1,080 


587 


598 


1,545 


1,229 


782 


78 


910 


2 399 


984 


1,500 


926 


551 


1,288 


1,480 


757 


964 


549 


545 


1,555 


1,206 


689 


79 


1,069 


3^750 


1,023 


2,059 


1,364 


930 


2,394 


2,246 


1,354 


1,600 


746 


1,063 


2,199 


1,527 


1,002 


K 


1,116 


J »'' 


1,088 


2,139 


1,434 


779 


2,184 


2,155 


1,009 


1,329 


649 


783 


2,158 


1,486 


1,106 


a 


361 


935 


368 


616 


346 


201 


728 


670 


205 


431 


158 


219 


677 


646 


372- 


82 


434 


909 


615 


739 


477 


127 


729 


673 


133 


392 


442 


215 


654 


693 


522 


S3 


4J1 


1 397 


602 


726 


507 


324 


833 


920 


353 


682 


288 


275 


891 


666 


501 


i. 


518 


1,124 


913 


835 


540 


207 


820 


900 


227 


543 


427 


271 


865 


609 


578 


35 


303 




372 


586 


371 


232 


722 


645 


201 


521 


216 


172 


716 


560 


299 


31 


330 


761 


572 


666 


438 


116 


701 


680 


126 


304 


291 


161 


676 


519 


366 


87 



170 



STATISTICS FOR COUNTIES 



County Table 6.-FARM LABOR AND SPECIFIED FARM EXPENDITURES: CENSUSES OF 



[Data are based on reports for only 



Item 
(For definitions and explanations, see text) 



Allegany 



Anne 
Arundel 



Baltimore 
and Balti- 
more City 



Estimated number of farms 1954. 

1950. 



V.eek of October 24-30: ' 

Family and/or hired workers farms reporting 1954. 

1950. 

persons 1954. 

1950. 

Family workers, including 

operator farms reporting 1954. 

1950. 
Operators working 1 or more 

hours persons 1954 . 

1950. 

1 to 14 hours persons 1954 . 

15 or more hours persons 1954 . 

Unpaid members of operator's 

family farms reporting 1954. 

1950. 

persons 1954. 

1950. 

Hired workers farms reporting 1954. 

1950. 

persons 1954. 

1950. 

Regular workers (employed 150 

or more days) farms reporting 1954 . 

persons 1954 . 
Seasonal workers (employed less 

than 150 days ) farms reporting 1954 . 

persons 1954. 

SPECIFIED FARM EXPENDITURES 

Specified farm expenditures 2 farms reporting 1954. 

1949. 

Machine hire and/or hired 

labor farms reporting 1954 . 

1949. 

Machine hire farms reporting 1954 . 

1949. 

dollars 1954. 

1949. 

Hired labor farms reporting 1954 . 

1949. 
dollars 1954. 

1949. 

$1 to $99 farms reporting 1954. 

$100 to $199 farms reporting 1954. 

$200 to $499 farms reporting 1954. 

$500 to $999 farms reporting 1954 . 

$1,000 to $2,499 farms reporting 1954. 

$2,500 and over farms reporting 1954. 

Feed for livestock and poultry. .farms reporting 1954. 

1949. 

dollars 1954. 

1949. 

Gasoline and other petroleum fuel 

and oil farms reporting 1954. 

1949. 

dollars 1954. 

1949. 

Commercial fertilizer farms reporting 1954. 

dollars 1954. 

tons 1954. 

acres on which used 1954 . 

Lime and liming materials farms reporting 1954. 

' tons 1954. 

dollars 1954. 

acres limed 1954. 

USE OF C0MMEHCIAL FERTILIZER 
Crops on vbich couercial fertilizer *as used, 1954: 

Hay and cropland pasture farms reporting . 

tons, 
acres on which used . 

Other pasture farms reporting . 

tons, 
acres on which used. 

Corn farms reporting . 

tons, 
acres on which used . 

Wheat farms reporting . 

tons, 
acres on which used. 

Fruits, vegetables, and potatoes farms reporting. 

tons . 
acres on which . -ed. 

Other crops farms reporting . 

tons, 
acres on which used . 



32,463 
36, 107 



29,277 
30,941 
65,993 
67,664 



28,564 

29,766 

27,866 

27,946 

7,114 

20,752 

10,728 
12,731 
15,900 
18,593 

8,683 
10,017 
22,227 
21,125 



5,537 
11,900 



4,468 
10,327 



31,967 
33,046 



21,949 
24,394 

16,202 

18,758 

3,797,888 

3,788,947 

16,530 

19,598 

26,100,655 

26,431,499 

3,183 

2,531 

3,010 

2,035 

3,280 

2,491 

25,742 

28,724 

54,978,097 

50,906,434 



24,272 

22,424 

10,047,518 

7,978,222 

24,454 

12,854,935 

264, 852 

1,191,318 

9,107 
219,245 

1,850,979 
230,877 



6,240 

32,650 

162,701 

2,179 

10,513 

49,277 

18,543 

87,065 

456,327 

8,745 
32,366 
171,394 

4,974 
38,275 
88,645 
14,611 
62,514 
266,631 



909 
974 



634 

838 

1,328 

1,505 



633 
822 

598 
722 
220 
378 

202 
395 
270 
556 

118 
148 
460 
227 



48 
160 



809 

859 



359 
444 
266 
311 
32,709 
26,978 

249 

314 

481,964 

327,200 

40 

50 

38 

30 

36 

55 

709 

772 

483,850 

393,797 



488 

443 

91,494 

105,491 

378 
60,788 
1,294 
7,720 

114 
3,362 
13,903 

1,870 



84 
305 
1,722 
15 
12 
90 

237 

333 

2,075 

105 
155 
833 

105 
224 

1,055 
159 
263 

1,937 



1,209 
1,465 



998 
1,254 
2,378 
2,624 



948 
1,202 

933 

1,132 

185 

748 

336 
455 
463 
680 

337 
374 
982 

812 



200 
460 



217 
522 



1,199 
1,274 



873 
769 
356 
320 
49,685 
46,665 

828 

714 
1,187,300 
862,184 
105 
160 
145 
125 
165 
128 

658 

999 

619,045 

614,890 



898 

794 

265,990 

188,795 

1,058 

509,115 

8,878 

26,429 

301 

4,705 

46,785 

6,265 



102 

467 

2,177 

40 

88 

335 

463 
1,915 
9,068 

60 
199 
895 

187 
1,302 
2,782 

897 
4,913 
11,172 



2,302 

2,821 



2,082 

2,411 
5,872 
5,463 



1,966 
2,263 

1,911 

2,133 

690 

1,221 

785 
1,077 
1,160 

1,474 

587 

731 

2,801 

1,856 



412 

1,641 



270 
1,160 



2,302 
2,586 



1,407 

1,681 

980 

1,225 

185,790 

200,957 

1,037 

1,296 

2,890,340 

2,707,096 

135 

140 

175 

130 

225 

232 

1,942 

2,233 

2,996,540 

3,135,494 



1,642 

1,740 

695,910 

616,137 

1,412 

586,740 

12,916 

53,334 

646 
14,110 
103,465 
16,825 



526 
2,116 
10,719 

236 
1,713 
6,180 

987 
2,924 
14,020 

516 
1,415 
6,230 

400 
2,082 
5,500 

702 
2,640 
10.875 



1,277 

1,218 



972 
1,056 
1,954 

2,127 



952 
1,036 

927 
976 
235 
692 

396 
465 
631 
765 

206 
226 
396 
386 



101 

131 



130 
265 



1,272 
961 



941 
691 
410 
330 
38,750 
20,965 

826 

611 

441,070 

333,100 

185 

170 

280 

90 

65 

36 

771 

751 

177,475 

129,310 



842 

616 

159,130 

77,385 

1,167 

299,945 

5,690 

16,039 

175 

1,530 

21,515 

1,935 



46 

270 

1,485 

16 

85 

375 

386 

844 

3,835 

31 

99 

430 

35 

18 

55 

1,147 

4,286 

9,534 



1,414 
1,571 



1,338 
1,274 
2,704 
2,375 



1,326 
1,260 

1,311 

1,210 

286 

1,025 

549 
453 
870 
607 

316 
279 
523 
556 



151 
222 



191 
301 



1,394 
1,439 

982 

1,149 

835 

969 

245,719 

181,804 

682 

864 

625,540 

620,926 

155 

135 

181 

70 

72 

69 

1,133 
1,282 

4,304,472 
4,580,802 



1,121 

1,072 
524,100 
381,171 

1,053 

713,840 

15,269 

70,751 



469 

9,713 

98, 678 

13,044 



236 

1,115 

5,460 

55 

176 
1,105 

932 
5,918 
30,751 

482 
1,834 
9,817 

341 
3,323 
7,926 

586 
2,795 
16,819 



2,604 
2,766 



2,259 
2,336 
4,834 

5,046 



2,208 
2,267 

2,163 

2,172 

500 

1,663 

895 
1,046 
1,340 
1,605 

659 

643 

1,331 

1,269 



389 
752 



357 
579 



2,584 
2,559 



1,874 
1,999 
1,551 
1,744 
316,455 
316,063 

1,299 

1,479 

1,570,058 

1,621,283 

355 

215 

220 

140 

255 

114 

2,209 
2,387 

3,488,140 
3,333,588 



1,929 

1,839 

697,137 

632,040 

2,168 
802,978 
18,169 
92,742 

639 
13,021 
114,701 
12,710 



670 

2,354 

11,525 

290 

942 

4,890 

1,897 
5,676 
34,824 

1,3(3 

3,662 
19, 106 

373 
1,491 
6,831 
1,197 
3,516 
16,021 



1,176 
1,244 



1,086 
1,130 
2,133 
2,535 



1,065 
1,094 

1,035 

1,024 

306 

729 

330 
465 
485 
670 

285 
375 
613 
641 



190 
283 



115 
330 



1,116 
1,171 



751 
821 
593 
728 
167,209 
191,534 

536 

621 

684,302 

943,495 

115 

55 
116 

60 
115 

75 

919 

1,090 

1,583,749 

1,494,195 



871 

831 

345,376 

329, 664 



529,537 
10,781 
48,542 



379 

10,679 

78,224 

9,979 



288 

1,546 

7,235 

L31 

454 

2,380 

715 

4,240 

20,028 

358 
1,492 
8,441 

165 

1,209 
3,190 
439 
1,719 
7,983 



*For 1950, "Week preceding enumeration. 



2 Excludes farms reporting commercial fertilizer and lime. 



MARYLAND 

1954 AND 1950; AND USE OF COMMERCIAL FERTILIZER: CENSUS OF 1954 



171 



a sample of farms . See 


text] 




























Dorchester 


Frederick 


Garrett 


Harford 


Howard 


Kent 


Montgomery 


Prince 
Georges 


Queen 

Annes 


St. Marys 


Somerset 


Talbot 


Washington 


Wicomico 


Worcester 




1,044 


2,799 


1,395 


1,509 


884 


702 


1,468 


1,779 


993 


1,441 


799 


714 


1,930 


1,552 


1,173 


1 


1,207 


2,977 


1,762 


1,873 


1,051 


696 


1,555 


2,130 


937 


1,380 


920 


807 


2,025 


1,763 


1,389 


2 


924 


2,724 


1,239 


1,419 


834 


597 


1,428 


1,604 


938 


1,246 


774 


669 


1,775 


1,450 


1,098 


3 


1,071 


2,674 


1,444 


1,601 


901 


671 


1,300 


1,690 


918 


1,189 


835 


620 


1,810 


1,464 


1,159 


4 


1,889 


6,260 


2,518 


3,044 


1,847 


1,643 


3,326 


3,384 


2,434 


2,244 


1,735 


1,606 


4,593 


3,590 


2,310 


5 


2,356 


6,155 


2,487 


3,441 


1,955 


1,911 


3,349 


3,690 


2,180 


2,497 


1,866 


1,415 


3,943 


3,246 


2,695 


6 


893 


2,673 


1,234 


1,389 


816 


580 


1,362 


1,568 


907 


1,200 


767 


636 


1,749 


1,435 


1,073 


7 


1,024 


2,603 


1,427 


1,535 


858 


633 


1,206 


1,622 


856 


1,138 


817 


577 


1,728 


1,417 


1,118 


8 


892 


2,588 


1,209 


1,319 


796 


570 


1,321 


1,518 


897 


1,180 


767 


626 


1,679 


1,415 


1,062 


9 


959 


2,463 


1,312 


1,465 


798 


618 


1,131 


1,497 


826 


1,073 


772 


542 


1,603 


1,297 


1,018 


10 


159 


755 


235 


375 


220 


121 


559 


390 


152 


382 


46 


155 


430 


246 


257 


11 


733 


1,833 


974 


944 


576 


449 


762 


1,128 


745 


798 


721 


471 


1,249 


1,169 


805 


12 


221 


1,237 


611 


521 


336 


161 


487 


556 


384 


376 


144 


223 


643 


578 


355 


13 


397 


1,340 


670 


612 


326 


255 


429 


686 


268 


516 


312 


196 


726 


599 


525 


14 


284 


1,993 


951 


716 


416 


211 


717 


817 


485 


660 


237 


292 


1,050 


813 


442 


15 


634 


1,940 


940 


837 


466 


430 


546 


1,081 


403 


851 


353 


256 


1,098 


834 


716 


16 


307 


964 


139 


484 


279 


321 


543 


323 


518 


234 


178 


324 


515 


366 


346 


17 


340 


1,013 


144 


586 


350 


456 


720 


519 


548 


319 


290 


305 


565 


337 


356 


18 


713 


1,679 


358 


1,009 


635 


862 


1,288 


1,049 


1,052 


404 


731 


688 


1,864 


1,362 


806 


19 


763 


1,752 


235 


1,139 


691 


863 


1,672 


1,112 


951 


573 


741 


617 


1,242 


1,115 


961 


20 


169 


619 


74 


369 


219 


260 


410 


222 


357 


124 


95 


238 


340 


163 


189 


21 


413 


951 


140 


680 


414 


563 


739 


634 


644 


183 


410 


452 


716 


473 


444 


22 


179 


436 


81 


223 


129 


130 


225 


172 


240 


136 


96 


144 


272 


256 


208 


2:' 


300 


728 


218 


329 


221 


299 


549 


415 


408 


221 


321 


236 


1,148 


889 


362 


2, 


1,044 


2,799 


1,330 


1,509 


879 


657 


1,468 


1,779 


993 


1,436 


764 


714 


1,860 


1,547 


1,113 


25 


1,241 


2,805 


1,654 


1,676 


1,027 


711 


1,371 


1,810 


918 


1,220 


930 


685 


1,855 


1,687 


1,284 


26 


752 


1,984 


960 


994 


554 


537 


983 


1,058 


783 


976 


524 


554 


1,265 


1,102 


752 


27 


1,081 


2,169 


1,079 


1,216 


730 


611 


1,060 


1,180 


808 


964 


789 


525 


1,410 


1,222 


998 


.:■-. 


581 


1,713 


828 


818 


455 


381 


750 


632 


579 


717 


438 


376 


1,042 


870 


580 


29 


914 


1,826 


971 


996 


625 


529 


799 


635 


721 


717 


605 


413 


1,177 


855 


732 


30 


177, 819 


426, 975 


130,515 


196,389 


156,268 


138,693 


275,015 


91,890 


193,558 


93,731 


130,863 


111,078 


265,190 


174,978 


163,332 


31 


205,232 


424,765 


76,945 


212,227 


163,001 


213,664 


279,752 


137,192 


207,394 


65,332 


130,395 


94,000 


272,155 


121,394 


148,218 


32 


587 


1,499 


464 


714 


409 


452 


778 


898 


658 


640 


424 


464 


930 


780 


542 


33 


881 


1,864 


564 


966 


585 


546 


924 


1,035 


723 


794 


599 


475 


1,165 


962 


778 


34 


779,911 


1,892,935 


259,411 


1,530,464 


916,334 


1,251,970 


1,834,894 


1,517,485 


1,067,930 


417,790 


1,211,966 


852,126 


1,448,546 


1,516,745 


1,219,129 


35 


1,301,977 


2,165,800 


220,678 


1,299,540 


886, 756 


1,127,364 


2,347,866 


1,212,453 


1,017,806 


473,104 


960,520 


716,187 


1,720,440 


1,694,318 


1,253,426 


36 


115 


260 


200 


110 


70 


15 


115 


126 


65 


211 


95 


40 


160 


210 


116 


37 


110 


180 


85 


70 


25 


50 


60 


145 


55 


115 


91 


55 


130 


145 


40 


38 


125 


225 


75 


85 


80 


35 


110 


255 


105 


105 


52 


75 


195 


128 


80 


39 


80 


205 


30 


60 


30 


90 


90 


150 


101 


80 


25 


62 


125 


76 


66 


40 


53 


447 


51 


230 


101 


141 


165 


90 


212 


81 


83 


146 


230 


95 


111 


41 


104 


182 


23 


159 


103 


121 


238 


132 


120 


48 


78 


3c 


90 


126 


129 


42 


803 


2,709 


1,075 


1,353 


854 


581 


1,382 


1,124 


861 


934 


602 


593 


1,684 


1,243 


846 


43 


989 


2,673 


1,469 


1,559 


956 


670 


1,272 


1,472 


867 


919 


728 


580 


1,678 


1,234 


1,111 


44 


712,323 


5,690,685 


1,281,395 


2,624,981 


1,535,446 


1,158,507 


3,088,345 


957,148 


1,977,016 


356,849 


4,557,875 


2,224,582 


2,289,900 


7,096,590 


5,421,414 


45 


1,670,098 


4,607,078 


1,088,085 


2,205,247 


1,427,763 


' 


2,551,874 


767, 893 


1,293,859 


232,733 


3,471,878 


1,380,458 


1,672,110 


5,586,687 


8,024,872 


46 


735 


2,029 


1,035 


1,179 


734 


557 


1,033 


1,349 


803 


1,126 


646 


638 


1,395 


1,231 


868 


47 


956 


2,030 


839 


1,126 


746 


601 


894 


1,117 


802 


819 


635 


500 


1,264 


1,095 


792 


48 


530,773 


894,315 


208,317 


458,036 


297,844 


468,518 


541,824 


310,118 


618,246 


244,312 


390, 862 


450,023 


614,057 


512,993 


470,283 


49 


409,459 


801,271 


113,152 


391,358 


256,380 


398,504 


4] 1,999 


298,013 


405,233 


171,400 


251,998 


. '.-', ■' - 


454,350 


459,601 


1! 1,1 ■; 


50 


800 


2,098 


1,048 


1,144 


659 


592 


892 


1,428 


807 


1,164 


529 


563 


1,334 


1,140 


935 


51 


942,135 


849,770 


211,399 


598,704 


328,698 


913,449 


532,555 


465,996 


688,793 


374,965 


368,392 


680, 865 


474,702 


807,040 


646,656 


52 


18,069 


17,967 


4,186 


13,287 


7,219 


18,325 


11,906 


9,367 


13,820 


7,741 


7,160 


13,372 


10, 135 


16,956 


13,169 


53 


83,056 


104,960 


22,879 


57,872 


35,962 


71,161 


57,959 


30,607 


81,334 


31,718 


24,069 


71,865 


66,371 


52,169 


52,782 


54 


381 


901 


500 


609 


383 


233 


548 


352 


326 


359 


247 


219 


444 


355 


331 


55 


10,156 


23,235 


9,975 


14, 116 


10,478 


13,199 


15,964 


5,072 


11,381 


4,840 


.. . 


9,866 


14,102 


5,248 


6,458 


56 


96, 837 


lc.7,910 


57,685 


107,091 


-'.< ' 


108, 129 


139,257 


40,368 


126,424 


51,170 


46, 172 


76,262 


78,082 


58,373 


99,508 


57 


12,812 


23,075 


6,510 


12,470 


10,412 


12,468 


17,817 


5,338 


13,241 


5,599 


5,318 


9,446 


9,296 


10,217 


11,255 


58 


123 


912 


318 


483 


258 


235 


347 


136 


254 


93 


74 


213 


377 


124 


204 


59 


476 


4,486 


899 


2,748 


1,670 


1,740 


3,519 


872 




216 


506 


1,228 


1,446 


723 


1,827 


60 


2,693 


24,315 


5,680 


13,086 


7,384 


9,204 


; . i ■. 


3,954 


10,335 


1,397 


1,960 


7,146 


7,160 


4,125 


6,545 


61 


26 


290 


100 


290 


135 


66 


141 


21 


51 


25 


11 


57 


136 


21 


16 


62 


43 


950 


187 


1,776 


745 


270 


1,224 


ue 


230 


50 


24 


560 


598 


50 


188 


63 


240 


5,715 


965 


7,880 


3,912 


1,670 


5,547 


941 


1,185 


205 


123 


2,087 


2,695 


345 


372 


64 


607 


1,733 


882 


1,012 


518 


562 


668 


598 


777 


934 


486 


511 


954 


921 


864 


65 


5,555 


4,801 


1,064 


4,340 


1,738 


9,009 


3,198 


1,767 


6,126 


2,520 


2,543 


5,876 


3,238 


4,653 


5,668 


66 


22,681 


34,524 


5,924 


18,357 


10, 776 


38,350 


18,700 


8,625 


38,608 


14,030 


10,135 


31,284 


22,639 


24,169 


28,436 


67 


337 


1,238 


422 


412 


300 


248 


424 


113 


463 


438 


26 


364 


708 


28 


42 


68 


1,984 


3,587 


490 


1,250 


1,356 


1,574 


2,244 


344 


2,694 


1,126 


46 


3,052 


2,501 


72 


150 


69 


9,627 


21,885 


2,492 


5,023 


5,770 


8,543 


10,529 


1,561 


16,078 


5,228 


148 


16,207 


17,546 


264 


570 


70 


303 


315 


100 


152 


108 


132 


121 


222 


127 


65 


196 


165 


222 


667 


363 


71 


3,064 


1,010 


260 


1,126 


132 


4,116 


196 


456 


610 


37 


2,564 


829 


878 


9,548 


3,724 


72 


5,963 


2,545 


345 


3,585 


717 


6,305 


1,505 


940 


2,370 


70 


5,052 


2,745 


5,888 


15,752 


7,384 


73 


662 


1,017 


768 


652 


332 


288 


339 


1,207 


471 


1,013 


215 


349 


642 


243 


163 


74 


6,94o 


2,900 


1,225 


2 ,034 


1,571 


1,507 


1,421 


5,725 


2,239 


3,684 


1,484 


1,796 


1,491 


1,838 


1,591 


75 


41,502 


16,386 


7,358 


10, 101 


7,856 


7,144 


6,569 


14,330 


13,083 


11,306 


6,881 


11,826 


10,887 


7,468 


9,035 


76 



172 



STATISTICS FOR COUNTIES 



County Table 7 (Part 1 of 2 ) .-LIVESTOCK AND LIVESTOCK PRODUCTS: CENSUSES OF 1954 AND 1950 

[For comparability of data on livestock and poultry, see text and state Table 12 J 





Item 
(For definitions and explanations, see text) 


The State 


Allegany 


Anne 
Arundel 


Baltimore 

and 

Baltimore City 


Calvert 


Caroline 


Carroll 




Cattle anil dairy products: 
















: 
2 

t 


1950... 

number 1954... 

1950... 


21,611 
24,298 
510,878 
430, 542 


601 

729 

8,632 

7,230 


570 
719 
. 
6,740 


1,486 

1,795 
33,068 
23,758 


453 

581 

3,895 

2,759 


817 
1,005 
12,987 
11,901 


2,054 
2,127 
50,914 
38,958 


• 
- 


Cows, Including heifers that 

1950 . . . 

number 1954 . . . 

1950... 


19,605 

22,996 

271,482 

233,377 


557 

699 

4,212 

3,742 


520 

683 

3,346 

3,184 


1,262 

1,623 

15,725 

14,367 


432 

560 

1,848 

1,575 


756 

966 

7,828 

7,419 


1,801 

1,991 

24,338 

19,939 






17,152 

21,415 

219,208 

204, 124 


446 

619 

2,665 

2,918 


461 

633 

2,056 

2,442 


1,056 

1,510 

11,886 

11,726 


352 

473 

921 

1,134 


708 

911 

7,299 

7,098 


1,615 

1,906 

20,702 

18,207 


I'- 
ll 

12 


1950... 

number 1954 . . . 

1950... 


13 
14 


Heifers and heifer calves farms reporting 1954... 

number 1954 . . . 


15,823 
153,725 


402 
2,491 


337 
1,674 


975 
9,936 


239 
880 


642 
3,738 


1,556 
14,283 


13 

It. 


Steers and bulls including steer 

number 1954 . . . 


13,949 
85,671 


319 
1,929 


322 
2,643 


987 
7,407 


225 
1,167 


495 
1,421 


1,538 
12,293 






7,652 

8,821 

1,247,259,800 

970,262,032 
55,435,781 

46,553,246 


78 

111 

9,299,462 

7,738,446 

371,391 

370,957 


41 

51 

6,999,284 

6,172,566 

366,694 

328,406 


328 

451 

65,787,354 

52,038,872 

3,089,094 

2,634,309 


8 

10 

384,293 

100,498 

17,301 

4,686 


474 

545 

37,362,975 

30,888,429 

1,471,819 

1,283,423 


813 

940 

121,746,262 

90,455, 812 

5,306,914 

4,363,841 


18 
19 
20 
21 
22 


1949... 

pounds 1954. . . 

1949... 

dollars 1954 . . . 

1949 . . . 


23 
24 
25 
2( 

27 

28 


1949 . . . 

pounds of butterf at 1954 . . . 

1949 . . . 

dollars 1954 . . . 

1949... 


1,284 
2,050 
788,732 
927,480 
382,219 
490,713 


74 
122 
30,230 
46,747 
15,883 
26, 549 


34 
72 
8,197 
15,416 
4,051 
7,444 


83 
150 
109,090 
62,862 
53,841 
33,742 


65 

100 

9,469 

16,261 

4,100 
7,236 


25 

18 

4,711 

10,223 

2,439 

5,661 


165 
287 
74,202 
122,114 
32,652 
61,244 


.-J 
30 


Cows milked, day preceding 

number of cows 1954 . . . 


15,730 
162,074 


406 
1,870 


383 
1,379 


961 
9,217 


290 

^93 


674 
5,097 


1,512 
15,814 


31 


Milk produced, day preceding 


448,797 


4,264 


3,249 


27,715 


754 


11,954 


4c. 397 


32 
33 


Butter churned, week preceding 

pounds 1954 . . . 
Horses and allies: 


2,744 
11,401 


117 
600 


119 
403 


176 
934 


140 
458 


62 
255 


152 
654 






10,465 

. '. V 

22,883 

48,494 


319 

577 

592 

1,086 


459 

877 

1,064 

2,008 


702 
1,324 
2,381 
3,870 


504 

737 

831 

1,503 


415 

868 

647 

1,793 


588 


35 

37 


1950... 

number 1954 . . . 

1950... 


1,180 
1,296 
2,902 


38 
39 

40 
41 


Bags: 

1950... 

number 1954 . . . 

1950 . . . 


16,193 

19,717 

230,756 

244,659 


368 

499 

2,672 

3,648 


555 

688 

8,571 

8,176 


794 

1,189 

17,207 

22,328 


612 

712 

2,758 

3,479 


700 

817 

9,366 

7,604 


1,427 

1,696 

20,714 

23,690 


42 
43 
44 
45 


number 1954 .. . 
number 1954 . . . 


13,739 
8, 547 


280 

1,160 

180 

1,512 


475 
4,143 

254 
4,428 


639 
8,042 

488 
9,165 


504 
1,724 

216 
1,034 


592 
3,960 

375 
5,406 


1,185 

8,119 

878 

12,595 


46 

47 


Sows and gilts farrowing farms reporting 1954... 

number 1954 . . . 


7,047 
41,402 


116 

412 


179 
1,324 


415 
3,209 


112 

376 


309 
1,619 


725 
3,853 


48 
49 

50 

51 


Between Dec. 1 and June 1 farms reporting 1954... 

1950... 

number 1954 .. . 

1950... 


. 

8,767 
22 , 306 
30,941 

5,244 
19,096 


83 
199 
189 
418 

83 
223 


138 
203 
667 
728 
141 
657 


350 

636 

1,902 

2,999 

299 

1,307 


87 
146 
223 
267 

75 
153 


243 

339 

816 

1,043 

219 

803 


600 

915 

2,004 

2,763 

545 


53 


number 1954 . . . 


1,849 




Sheep sad wool: 


1,69' 

1,508 

45,193 

49,734 


21 
24 
571 

747 


50 

42 

965 

1,294 


187 

155 

5,377 

4,033 


18 

19 

458 

497 


22 
11 
386 
379 


82 


55 
5h 
57 


, 1950... 

number 1954 . . . 

1950... 


61 
1,732 
1,261 


58 
59 


Sheep 1 year old and over .... farms reporting 1954... 

number 1954 . . . 


1,612 
35,156 


19 

417 


46 
778 


181 
3,984 


18 
371 


18 

308 


75 
1,278 


60 
61 
62 
63 


1950... 

number 1954 — 

1950... 


1,552 

1,430 
32,831 
26,540 


19 

. ; 

400 

440 


44 

40 

707 
681 


173 

146 

3,682 

2,198 


18 

18 

350 

236 


17 

11 

294 

201 


70 

56 

1,164 

635 


64 
65 
66 
67 


1950 . . . 

number 1954 . . . 

1950. . . 


1,200 

972 

2,325 

2,489 


15 
13 
17 
42 


38 
31 
71 
88 


132 
93 

302 

257 


15 
14 
21 
35 


12 
6 

14 
6 


58 

37 
114 
90 


68 
69 


number 1954 . . . 


1,131 
10,037 


16 

154 


34 
187 


137 
1,393 


14 

87 


10 
78 


56 
454 


70 
71 
72 
73 


1949 . . . 

number shorn 1954 . . . 

1949 . . . 


1,468 

1,291 

36,549 

27,308 


17 

18 

494 

465 


41 

37 

839 

710 


172 

112 

4,578 

1,858 


16 

17 

361 

280 


15 

9 

308 

177 


63 

40 

1,196 

599 






245,171 
173,392 


2,611 
2,492 


5,284 
4,144 


34,795 
11,614 


2,081 
1,679 


2,120 
1,460 


8,359 


75 


1949... 


4,133 


76 




11/21-11 '2" 


11/14-11/20 


11/21-11/27 


11/21-11/27 


11/28-11/30 


11/21-11/27 


11/21-11/27 



MARYLAND 



173 



County Table 7 (Part 1 of 2 ) —LIVESTOCK AND LIVESTOCK PRODUCTS; CENSUSES OF 1954 AND 1950-Continued 





CFor comparabi 


.ity of data on 


livestock and 


poultry, see te 


xt and State Table 12] 










Item 
(For definitions and explanations, see text) 


Cecil 


Charles 


Dorchester 


Frederick 


Garrett 


Harford 


Howard 


Kent 




Cattle and dairy products: 


















! 
2 
3 
4 


1950 . . . 

number 1954 . . . 

1950... 


950 

1,026 

25,525 

23,680 


744 

868 

8,232 

6,342 


476 

671 

6,713 

7,568 


2,431 
2,467 
78,014 
67,978 


1,299 

1,539 
22,316 
20,904 


1,350 

1,541 

41,551 

37,525 


678 

782 

23,576 

18,700 


552 

567 

20,259 

17,674 


5 

6 
7 

8 


Cows, including heifers that 

1950... 

number 1954 . . . 

1950... 


880 

982 

14, 592 

13.512 


722 

839 

4,768 

3,922 


449 

640 

3,983 

4,327 


2,143 
2,320 
47,168 
39,598 


1.281 
1,509 
12,050 
10,790 


1,241 

1,440 

22,992 

19,695 


591 

723 

10,107 

8,803 


503 

549 

11,814 

10,041 


• 
LO 

11 

1. 


1950... 

number 1954. . . 

1950... 


831 

958 

12,944 

12,266 


532 

746 

1,999 

2,673 


348 

564 

2,732 

3,459 


1,973 
2,205 
44,284 
37, 594 


1,174 
1,414 
9,134 
9,144 


1,100 

1,374 

20, 560 

18,318 


511 

675 

7,132 

6,956 


465 

527 

9,970 

8,935 


i~< 
u 


Heifers and heifer calves. .. .farms reporting 1954... 

number 1954 . . . 


781 
8,353 


398 
1,847 


316 
1,925 


2,044 
23,798 


1,038 
7,354 


1,154 
14,156 


505 
7,038 


487 
6,643 


15 
If 


Steers and bulls including steer 

number 1954 . . . 


601 
2,580 


373 
1,617 


257 
805 


1,883 
7,048 


687 
2,912 


894 
4,403 


488 
6,431 


403 

1,802 


17 

J ) 
20 
2] 

,;v 


1949 . . . 

pounds 1954 . . . 

1949 . . . 

dollars 1954... 

1949 . . . 


483 

598 

78,291,280 

66,457,900 

3,543,108 

3,273,518 


20 

28 

1,433,782 

722,997 

62,046 

36,355 


145 

228 

15,020,114 

12,698,184 

603,837 

615,049 


1,328 

1,426 

283,429,297 

216,576,108 

13,000,072 

10,172,459 


609 

669 

36,675,266 

24,362,565 

1,463,179 

1,066,331 


597 

684 

129,820,391 

99,766,429 

5,953,236 

5,069,165 


211 

259 

46,704,782 

33,604,741 

2,057,233 

1,698,009 


372 

412 

67.995,544 

52,708,971 

2,628,223 

2,365.959 


23 
24 
25 
26 
27 
26 


1949... 

pounds of butterfat 1954... 

1949... 

dollars 1954... 

1949 . . . 


8 

8 

11, 563 

5,445 

5,835 

2,786 


30 
112 
4,674 
18,077 
2,374 
9,375 


*26 
4,356 

2,i9P 


225 

275 

188,206 

161,285 
92,348 
84,807 


153 
204 
68,604 
71,324 
32,775 
40,797 


60 
70 
35,365 
33,959 
16,641 
17,794 


35 
53 
24,899 
37,099 
11,712 
18,138 


1 

6 

50 

855 

30 

501 


29 
30 


Cows milked, day preceding 

number of cows 1954 — 


775 
9,793 


471 
948 


297 
1,976 


1,881 
33,409 


1,135 
6,827 


1,040 
16,418 


474 

5,452 


446 
7,492 


31 


Milk produced, day preceding 


27,215 


1,399 


5,355 


96,918 


13,259 


48,893 


16,816 


23,476 


3. 
33 


Butter churned, week preceding 

enumeration farms reporting 1954. . . 

pounds 1954 . . . 

Horses and mules: 


134 
472 


141 
427 


31 
104 


172 
955 


204 
1,247 


174 
746 


94 
381 


17 
70 


34 
35 
36 
37 


1950... 

number 1954 . . . 

1950... 

Hogs: 


262 

530 

602 

1,393 


500 

978 

942 

2,253 


357 

705 

534 

1,385 


840 

1,603 
1,815 
4,159 


469 

948 

869 

1,938 


346 

752 

1,166 

2,047 


276 

534 

902 

1,501 


254 

426 

499 

1,181 


18 
39 

.'.'1 
41 


1950... 

number 1954 .. . 

1950... 


443 

584 

4,629 

5,356 


851 
1,021 
8,302 
8,033 


106 

516 
3,558 

4,119 


1,499 
1,788 

:v , : 12 

18,986 


823 
1,132 
5,620 
6,673 


547 

759 

5,623 

7,536 


433 

527 

8,571 

9,958 


352 
469 

8,113 
10,191 


42 
43 

44 
45 


number 1954 . . . 
number 1954 . . . 


350 
1,882 

237 
2,747 


766 
4,982 

322 
3,320 


334 
1,964 

181 
1,594 


1,344 

7,915 

718 

9,197 


652 

2,309 

467 

3,311 


418 
2,281 

317 
3,342 


375 
3,258 

269 
5,313 


305 
3,053 

216 
5,060 


46 

47 


number 1954 . . . 


182 
830 


276 
1,187 


109 
421 


630 
2,679 


291 
838 


228 

1,150 


252 
1,686 


223 
1,957 


48 
49 
50 
51 


Between Dec. 1 and June 1.... farms reporting 1954... 

1950... 

number 1954 . . . 

1950. . . 


135 
258 
430 
819 
130 
400 


226 
313 
699 
829 
189 
488 


84 
203 
237 
653 

64 
184 


484 

742 

1,329 

2,142 

510 

1,350 


200 
454 
342 
835 
225 
496 


179 
345 
652 
889 
165 
498 


216 
329 
905 
1,208 
193 
781 


189 
295 

1,115 
1,724 


53 


number 1954 . . , 


842 




Sheep and wool: 


















54 
55 
56 
57 


1950... 

number 1954 . . . 
1950... 


35 

26 

929 

733 


26 

23 

587 

1,094 


53 

63 

1,269 

3,014 


113 

86 

2,197 

2,038 


226 

226 

4,950 

6,269 


70 

55 

1,962 

1,030 


89 

79 

2,036 

3,078 


52 

39 

2,518 

1,901 


58 
59 


Sheep 1 /ear old and over. .. .farms reporting 1954... 

number 1954. .. 


34 
731 


22 
484 


50 
1,060 


107 
1,806 


218 
3,982 


68 
1,595 


85 
1,626 


45 
2.020 


60 
61 
62 


1950 .. . 

number 1954 . . . 

1950... 


33 
22 
695 

444 


22 

.'1 

461 

571 


50 

60 

1,000 

1,430 


103 

83 

1,650 

1,107 


209 

220 

3,742 

3,927 


66 
46 

1,514 
537 


83 

76 
1,539 
1,573 


44 

39 

1,941 

1,061 


64 
65 
66 

67 


1950... 

number 1954 . . . 

1950... 


22 
16 

36 

31 


18 
15 
23 
57 


43 

53 

60 

200 


83 
47 
156 
85 


112 
120 
240 

214 


46 
33 
81 

64 


63 
55 

87 
149 


40 
29 
79 
66 


68 

..I 


number 1954. . . 


24 
198 


15 
103 


34 
209 


71 
391 


149 
968 


46 
367 


410 


43 
498 


70 
71 
72 

73 


1949... 

number shorn 1954 . . . 

1949... 


24 
20 
674 
429 


19 

17 

458 

514 


49 

61 
1,129 

1,425 


94 

75 

1,716 

1,187 


206 

222 

4,118 

4,179 


54 

37 

1,552 

439 


82 

66 

1,762 

1,570 


47 

35 

2,001 

991 


74 
75 


1949... 


3,943 

3,083 


2,763 

2,411 


7,299 
9,392 


12,069 
7,773 


24,536 
24,292 


9,483 
2,779 


11,772 


13,931 
6,551 


76 




11/21-11/27 


11/14-11/20 


11/21-11/27 


-11/20 


11/21-11/27 


11/28-11/30 


11/21- 


11/28-11/30 



174 



STATISTICS FOR COUNTIES 



County Table 7 (Part 1 of 2 ) .-LIVESTOCK AND LIVESTOCK PRODUCTS; CENSUSES OF 1954 AND 1950-Continued 

[For comparability of data on livestock and poultry, see text and State Table 12] 



(For definitions and explanations, see text) 



Montgomery 



Prince 
Georges 



Queen 
Annes 



St. Marys 



Washington 



Cattle and dairy products: 

Cattle and calves 



..farms reporting 1954... 

1950... 

number 1954. . . 

1950... 

Cows, Including heifers that 

have calved farms reporting 1954... 

1950. . . 

number 1954.. . 

1950. . . 

Milk cows farms reporting 1954... 

1950. . . 

number 1954... 

1950... 

Heifers and heifer calves. .. .farms reporting 1954... 

number 1954. .. 



Steers and bulla including steer 

and bull calves farms reporting 

number 

Whole milk sold farms reporting 

pounds 

dollars 

C ream sold farms reporting 

pounds of butterfat 
dollars 



Cows milked, day preceding 

enumeration farms reporting 

number of cows 

Milk produced, day preceding 
enumeration gallons 

Butter churned, week preceding 

enumeration farms reporting 

pounds 

Horses and nules: 

Horses and/or mules farms reporting 

number 



Hogs: 

Hogs and pigs farms reporting 



Born before June 1 farms reporting 

number 

Born since June 1 farms reporting 

number 

Sows and gilts farrowing farms reporting 

number 
Between Dec. 1 and June 1.... farms reporting 



1954. 
1954. 

1954. 
1949. 
1954. 
1949. 
1954. 
1949. 

1954. 
1949. 
1954. 
1949. 
1954. 
1949. 



1954. 
1954. 



1954. 
1954. 



1954. 
1950. 
1954. 
1950. 



1954. 
1950. 
1954. 
1950. 

1954. 
1954. 
1954. 
1954. 



1954. 
1954. 
1954. 
1950. 
number 1954. 
1950. 



After June 1 farms reporting 

number 

Sheep aad voali 

Sheep and lambs farms reporting 



Sheep 1 year old and over. .. .farms reporting 

number 



Ewes farms reporting 

number 



1954. 
1954. 



1954. 
1950. 
1954. 
1950. 

1954. 
1954. 

1954. 
1950. 
1954. 
1950. 



Rams and wethers farms reporting 1954. 

1950. 

number 1954. 

1950. 

Lambs under 1 year old farms reporting 1954. 

number 1954. 

Sheep and lambs shorn farms reporting 1954. 

1949. 

number shorn 1954. 

1949. 

Wool shorn pounds 1954. 

1949. 

Average date of enumeration 1954. 



1,121 

1,165 

43 ,427 

37,916 



957 

1,054 

21,631 

19,121 

784 

988 

15,428 

15,819 

874 
14,329 



812 

7,467 

294 

330 

101,828,357 

94,529,347 

5,042,120 
5,002,048 

44 
109 
85,861 
115,686 
41,114 
62,754 



698 
11,326 



171 

718 



515 

817 

1,488 

2,475 



556 

790 

9,977 

13,411 

481 
4,502 

320 
5,475 

301 
1,765 
241 
462 
951 
1,760 

231 
814 



117 

107 

2,749 

3,526 

113 
2,096 

110 

98 

1,930 

1,842 



166 

157 

81 
653 

99 

86 

2,022 

1,893 

13 ,756 
12,245 



875 
1,053 
12,449 
10,247 



781 
1,000 
5,568 
4,738 

648 

864 

2,380 

3,111 

521 
3,290 

466 

3,591 

25 

42 

4,187,433 

5,697,940 

209,345 

306,742 

34 
61 
31,654 
33,971 
19,673 
21,710 

522 
1,393 



214 
636 



831 
1,360 
1,837 
3,539 



861 

969 

11,833 

12,024 

748 
6,378 

350 
5,455 

262 
1,783 
189 
273 
978 
1,531 

178 
805 



38 

38 
1,656 

2,115 

37 
1,231 

28 

36 

1,035 

1,045 

27 
33 

196 
287 

20 
425 

24 

31 

1,505 

1,301 

9,658 
6,904 

11/21-11/27 



760 

799 

28,491 

23,723 



701 

778 

16,002 

14,258 

661 

750 

13,648 

12,670 

655 

7,750 

600 
4,739 

540 
653 

80,313,231 

64,046,310 

3,389,755 

2,951,275 

5 

2 

1,268 

560 

661 

338 



637 
9,970 



30 

105 



354 

683 

856 

2,065 



639 
698 

18,159 
16,964 

582 

6,894 

423 

11,265 

481 

3,974 

416 

472 

2,188 

2,591 

343 
1,786 



90 

67 

2,936 

3,364 

90 
2,455 

90 

65 

2,349 

1,855 

66 



66 
481 

86 

62 

2,473 

1,917 

17,619 
12,151 



766 

873 
8,058 

, 



743 

842 

4,379 

3,530 

660 

774 

2,456 

2,658 

421 
1,869 



411 

1,810 

49 

71 

2,900,715 

1,376,269 

136,915 

68,929 

72 

100 

21,827 

21,609 

9,438 

10,890 

585 
1,336 



262 
745 



410 

859 

796 

2,019 



994 

972 

10,725 

8,029 

941 
5,666 

389 
5,039 

364 
1,629 
255 
321 
881 
844 

276 
748 



32 

36 
577 



31 
495 

30 
33 

444 
437 

23 
22 

51 
40 

22 
82 

28 

30 

464 

538 

2,818 
2,959 

11A4-11/20 



388 

448 

6,902 

3,639 



364 

434 

3,328 

2,022 

297 

398 

1,767 

1,654 

236 
2,257 

189 
1,317 

63 

58 

8,769,899 

4,329,108 

443,286 

216,036 

3 

6 

1,400 

576 

669 

396 

240 
1,209 



39 
122 



246 
516 
419 

1,015 



350 

404 

5,912 

5,935 

277 
2,079 

218 
3,833 

148 
1,094 
107 
218 
550 
878 

120 
544 



44 

30 

1,771 

833 

41 
1,255 

38 

30 

1,191 

433 

34 
21 



35 
516 

39 

21 

1,413 

481 

10,446 
2,984 



476 

568 

13,764 

12,018 



424 

541 

7,026 

6,902 

398 

502 

6,186 

6,123 

395 
3,972 



370 
2,766 

307 

381 

31,444,685 

25,666,619 

1,364,811 

1,194,0 



5 

680 
674 
402 
420 



382 
4,200 



247 
489 
513 

1,417 



412 

495 
14,958 
13,371 

378 
6,042 

273 
8,916 

291 

2,889 

255 

327 

1,596 

1,740 

239 
1,293 



90 

109 

3,394 

5,187 

90 
2,744 

88 

103 

2,576 

2,596 

85 
90 
168 
213 

65 
650 

89 

102 

2,739 

2,838 

20,177 
20,688 

11A4-11/20 



1,528 

1,534 

40,489 

30 ,675 



1,369 

1,459 

21,247 

16,370 

1,204 
1,385 
18,267 
14,767 

1,145 
12,318 



1,119 
6,924 

741 

718 

101,389,549 

68,207,440 

4,253,510 

2,973,192 

148 
246 
72 ,868 
145,855 
33,383 
74,194 



1,151 
13,555 



136 
795 



598 

1,070 
1,245 
2,947 



1,090 

1,334 

17,149 

19,936 

934 
7,556 

578 
9,593 

578 

3,154 

428 

670 

1,751 

2,444 

408 
1,403 



162 

162 

4,267 

4,677 

152 
2,912 

148 

157 

2,723 

2,334 

118 

99 

189 

222 



1,355 

147 

150 

3,328 

2,550 

20,930 
16,431 



639 

697 

4,617 

3,176 



578 

657 

2,349 

1,819 

493 

611 

1,428 

1,519 

322 
1,211 



212 

1,057 

34 

49 

2,250,543 

2,993,730 

111,768 

131,747 



2,575 

1,089 

1,355 

587 



389 
870 



523 

1,098 

809 

2,079 



795 
829 

7,479 
5,863 

607 
2,810 

455 
4,669 

246 
1,299 
179 
282 
611 
687 



174 
20 



11 
119 



3 

107 
9 

10 
3 

12 
3 



7 

1 

105 

2 

817 

13 



11/21-11/27 



MARYLAND 



175 



County Table 7 (Part 2 of 2 ) —LIVESTOCK AND LIVESTOCK PRODUCTS: CENSUSES OF 1954 AND 1950 

fFor comparability of data on livestock and poultry, see text and State Table 12J 





Item 


The State 


Allegany 


Anne 


Baltimore 


Calvert 


Caroline 


Carroll 




(For definitions and explanations, see text) 






Arundel 


Baltimore City 










Poultry and poultry products: 
















1 


Poultry and / or poultry products 




















14,865 
20,402 


267 
394 


273 
451 


1,052 
1,514 


339 
351 


759 
1,001 


1,688 


z 


1949... 


2,062 


3 


dollars 1954... 


42,830,597 


242,248 


398,049 


1,625,291 


111,104 


4,766,871 


1,786,163 


4 


1949... 


45,535,759 


146,265 


480,669 


1,853,593 


75,710 


6,479,048 


1,862,446 


5 


Chickens, 4 months old and over, 




















22,473 


651 


691 


1,456 


762 


947 


1,996 


6 


1950... 


28,226 


803 


1,013 


2,085 


840 


1,146 


2,392 


7 


number 1954. . . 


2,706,466 


48,711 


53,789 


311,151 


38,573 


95,050 


400,641 


8 


1950... 


2,949,966 


46,265 


89,757 


316,308 


29,368 


113,202 


357,699 


9 




8,511 


141 


103 


594 


207 


569 


962 


10 


1949... 


13,434 


269 


269 


962 


203 


764 


1,437 


11 


number 1954 


47,469,524 


152,690 


160,104 


363,955 


15,790 


6,297,565 


457,658 


12 


1949... 


39,672,298 


50,460 


188,308 


334,983 


16,910 


7,044,882 


338 ,140 


13 


dollars 1954... 


31,919,271 


112,426 


123 ,214 


323,045 


16,355 


4,362,901 


363,582 


1- 


1949... 


34,312,740 


53,922 


196,329 


387,284 


18,368 


6,113,206 


375,870 


15 




1,658 


21 


8 


31 




259 


32 


16 


number 1954. . . 


46,094,361 


131,879 


136,300 


189,852 




6,236,152 


262 ,683 


17 


dollars 1954... 


30,637,106 


91,522 


105,204 


158,993 




4,295,824 


196,888 


18 




7,053 


125 


97 


583 


207 


334 


947 


19 


number 1954. . . 


1,375,163 


20,811 


23,804 


174,103 


15,790 


61,413 


194,975 


2< 


dollars 1954... 


1,282,165 


20,904 


18,010 


164,052 


16,355 


67,077 


166,694 


-1 




11,367 


210 


209 


914 


212 


449 


1,511 


22 


1949... 


16,626 


312 


353 


1,315 


258 


610 


1,892 


23 


dozens 1954... 


17,773,443 


224,833 


316,292 


2,425,128 


113,483 


600,017 


3,285,739 


24 


1949... 


18,828,187 


194,266 


390,154 


2,467,795 


84,170 


590,596 


2,907,136 


J5 


dollars 1954... 


7,402,496 


103,886 


147,176 


1,029,638 


56,121 


273,399 


1,258,378 


2« 


1949... 


8,940,944 


88,480 


199,661 


1,214,696 


39,562 


294,845 


1,318,316 


27 




2,019 


26 


101 


132 


83 


87 


105 


28 


1949. . . 


2,717 


19 


126 


220 


111 


88 


115 


29 


number 1954. . . 


702,579 


5,776 


27,896 


41,821 


4,106 


18,818 


23,267 


30 


1949... 


341 ,774 


601 


13,547 


36,387 


3,367 


9,659 


22,239 


31 




943 


16 


45 


69 


31 


36 


47 


32 


number 1954. . . 


328,144 


1,922 


15,515 


19,312 


730 


641 


5,552 


33 




1,162 


10 


62 


76 


54 


52 


67 


3, 


number 1954... 


374,435 


3,854 


12,381 


22,509 


3,376 


18,177 


17,715 


35 


Turkey hens to be kept for breeding, 




















513 


5 


17 


21 


22 


28 


19 


36 


number 1954.. . 


22,476 


173 


1,105 


1,661 


264 


141 


2,710 


3" 




275 


3 


8 


. 14 


11 


15 


8 


38 


number 1954. . . 


8,560 


154 


59 


1,217 


144 


50 


2,127 


30 




246 


2 


9 


7 


11 


13 


12 


40 


number 1954. . . 


13,916 


19 


1,046 


444 


120 


91 


583 


41 




3,206 


26 


89 


200 


65 


180 


246 


42 


1949... 


4,249 


33 


116 


307 


43 


191 


309 


43 


number 1954. . . 


84,113 


525 


1,464 


13,513 


544 


4,261 


8,078 


44 


1949... 


108,433 


479 


2,159 


15,918 


307 


5,818 


11,412 


45 


Turkeys, ducks, geese, other miscellaneous 


















poultry, and their eggs sold... farms reporting 1954... 


2,430 


21 


68 


181 


65 


97 


221 


46 


1949... 


3,533 


20 


96 


286 


83 


136 


269 


47 


dollars 1954... 


3,508,830 


25,936 


127,659 


272,608 


38,628 


130,571 


164,203 


48 


1949... 
Aninals sold alive: 


2,282,075 


3,863 


84,679 


251,613 


17,780 


70,997 


168,260 


49 


Cattle, hogs, sheep, horses, or 




















18,315 


377 


405 


1,267 


314 


721 


1,844 


50 


J.949... 


21,274 


497 


561 


1,511 


445 


890 


1,994 


51 


dollars 1954... 


26,230,422 


260,067 


680,677 


2,179,649 


192,807 


581,622 


3,146,885 


52 


1949... 


23,519,057 


258,915 


585,289 


2,235,402 


125,366 


400,887 


2,838,718 


53 


Cattle and/or calves sold 




















16,116 


327 


307 


1,033 


269 


631 


1,647 


54 


1949... 


18,110 


417 


430 


1,104 


370 


757 


1,707 


55 


number 1954. . . 


244,012 


2,952 


3,652 


15,094 


1,500 


5,856 


26,474 


56 


1949... 


178,275 


2,296 


2,790 


11,886 


943 


4,829 


19,101 


57 


Cattle sold alive, excluding 




















10,829 


228 


208 


748 


138 


345 


1,177 


58 


1949... 


10,069 


214 


182 


738 


118 


324 


1,044 


59 


number 1954. . . 


104,891 


1,557 


2,319 


7,259 


797 


1,569 


13,517 


60 


1949. . . 


69,586 


887 


1,431 


6,081 


281 


844 


9,265 


61 


dollars 1954... 


14,742,890 


155,025 


379,643 


1,139,446 


130,609 


174,673 


2,106,939 


62 


1949... 


12,447,732 


129,295 


245 ,860 


1,195,442 


47,645 


113,026 


1 ,771 ,627 


63 




13 537 


229 


226 


738 


233 


585 


1 289 


64 


1949... 


15^639 


337 


361 


835 


339 


713 


1/26 


65 


number 1954. . . 


139,121 


1,395 


1,333 


7,835 


703 


4,287 


12,957 


66 


1949... 


LI 8,6! 1 


1,409 


1,359 


5,805 


662 


3,985 


9,836 


67 


dollars 1954... 


2,953,646 


43,548 


47,680 


201,238 


32,197 


92,064 


269,906 


68 


1949... 


3,386,149 


53,366 


78,115 


188,987 


34,257 


124,423 


302,713 


69 


Hogs and pigs sold alive farms reporting 1954... 


7,946 


136 


185 


504 


100 


324 


966 


70 


1949... 


11,573 


245 


257 


861 


145 


434 


1,316 


71 


number 1954. . . 


217 820 


1,847 


6,467 


16,013 


1,386 


8,584 


21,431 


72 


1949... 


232,085 


2,678 


6,462 


21,545 


1,505 


6,539 


24,839 


73 


dollars 1954... 


7,110,035 


53,733 


226,932 


559,752 


25,120 


305,979 


748,621 


74 


1949... 


6,444,475 


69,128 


217,035 


602,213 


38,139 


154,462 


733,754 


75 


Sheep and lambs sold alive. . .farms reporting 1954... 


1,301 


17 


34 


140 


14 


16 


50 


76 


1949... 


1,196 


19 


32 


109 


15 


10 


43 


77 


number 1954... 


30,095 


365 


626 


4,086 


213 


341 


1,150 


78 


1949... 


21,629 


259 


416 


1,664 


206 


152 


472 


79 


dollars 1954... 


470,570 


4,440 


9,756 


66,458 


3,529 


5,984 


16,417 


80 


1949... 


403 ,843 


3,803 


7,151 


32,490 


3,681 


2,975 


8,398 


81 


Horses and mules sold alive.. farms reporting 1954... 


667 


15 


15 


35 


22 


34 


37 


82 


1949. . . 


1,866 


24 


46 


104 


36 


78 


130 


83 


number 1954.. . 


1,476 


46 


45 


115 


26 


52 


58 


84 


1949... 


4,058 


53 


84 


339 


40 


123 


296 


85 


dollars 1954... 


953,281 


3,321 


16,666 


212,755 


1,352 


2,922 


5,002 


86 


1949... 


836,858 


3,323 


37,128 


216,270 


1,644 


6,001 


22 ,226 



176 



STATISTICS FOR COUNTIES 



County Table 7 (Part 2 of 2 ) —LIVESTOCK AND LIVESTOCK PRODUCTS: CENSUSES OF 1954 AND 1950-Continued 

[For comparability of data on livestock and poultry, see text and State Table 12j 





Item 




Cecil 


Charles 


Dorchester 


Frederick 


Garrett 


Harford 


Howard 


Kent 




(For definitions and explanations 


see text) 




















Poultry and poultry products: 




















1 


Poultry and or poultry products 
























reporting 1954. . . 
1949... 


496 


346 


480 


1,673 
2,129 


652 
1,003 


692 
1,147 


429 
628 


379 
429 


2 




661 


577 


724 


1 




dollars 1954... 


687,591 


198,711 


994,913 


919,771 


1,330,049 


820,923 


615,075 


183,148 


4 




1949... 


814,622 


118,296 


1,646,017 


1,031,456 


937,153 


1.319,103 


531,319 


233,129 


5 


Chickens, 4 months old and over, 
























reporting 1954. . . 


900 


965 


692 


2,334 


917 


1,023 


618 


540 


6 




1950... 


987 


1,210 


982 


2,602 


1,364 


1,476 


856 


531 


7 




number 1954. . . 


153,275 


64,071 


93,440 


234,418 


106,790 


191,590 


72,202 


56,850 


:' 




1950. . . 


142,702 


58,290 


129,931 


254,585 


126,362 


242,501 


81,212 


50,492 


9 




reporting 1954.. . 
1949... 


269 


136 


250 


868 


353 


410 


251 
421 


196 
284 


1 




419 


300 


477 


1,414 


664 


739 


11 




number 1954. . . 


135,693 


115,541 


809,763 


296,488 


634,577 


106,260 


235,730 


21,572 


L2 




1949... 


120,595 


30,147 


1,515,625 


211,088 


253,370 


197,128 


92,532 


68,991 


13 




dollars 1954... 


110,502 


87,587 


609,242 


293,503 


502,444 


86,916 


220,823 


21,424 


14 




1949... 


141,340 


30,156 


1,283,250 


240,650 


250,091 


208,425 


117,776 


72,982 


15 




reporting 1954.. . 
number 1954. .. 


11 


11 


39 


21 


70 


4 
6,700 


12 

198,300 




16 




40,384 


100,900 


754,671 


205,243 


567,958 




17 




dollars 1954... 


36,717 


73,567 


550,413 


202,174 


441,949 


7,200 


183,719 




: 




reporting 1954. . . 


265 


130 


220 


851 


297 


408 


241 


196 


19 




number 1954. .. 


95,309 


14,641 


55,097 


91,245 


66,619 


99,560 


37,430 


21,572 


20 




dollars 1954... 


73,785 


14,020 


58,829 


91,329 


60,495 


79,716 


37,104 


21,424 


21 




reporting 1954. .. 


410 


260 


353 


1,486 


507 


597 


331 


290 


22 




1949... 


535 


466 


620 


1,970 


847 


1,020 


530 


359 


. 




dozens 1954... 


1,388,992 


202,829 


614,990 


1,200,232 


752,038 


1,678,449 


462,298 


227,288 


24 




1949... 


1,243,016 


144,266 


651,837 


1,498,591 


931,769 


2,216,097 


474,350 


248,731 


25 




dollars 1954... 


513,251 


88,924 


274,644 


468,353 


297,214 


631,358 


214,264 


108,171 


26 




1949... 


603,778 


67,003 


298,781 


638,970 


419,992 


1,043,583 


231,012 


114,166 


27 




reporting 1954... 


69 


119 


39 


150 


65 


74 


101 


61 


28 




1949. . . 


86 


199 


90 


179 


58 


109 


127 


96 


29 




number 1954... 


8,317 


4,428 


18,088 


32,068 


127,033 


8,090 


26,021 


7,711 


31 




1949... 


7,174 


4,619 


9,562 


23,637 


51,036 


8,079 


23,531 


6,649 


31 




reporting 1954. . . 


30 


67 


8 


78 


31 


23 


39 


27 


32 




number 1954.. . 


721 


1,642 


255 


5,232 


68,537 


2,338 


2,319 


725 


33 




reporting 1954... 


39 


53 


32 


75 


48 


55 


68 


35 


34 




number 1954.. . 


7,596 


2,786 


17,833 


26,836 


58,496 


5,752 


23,702 


6,986 


35 


Turkey hens to be kept for breeding. 
























reporting 1954... 


13 


56 


10 


18 


2 


8 


20 


26 


;<t 




number 1954. . . 


906 


288 


1,439 


1,493 


17 


123 


1,068 


961 


37 




reporting 1954... 


7 


34 


3 


13 


1 




10 


9 


38 




number 1954. .. 


37 


205 


21 


433 


11 




46 


216 


39 




reporting 1954... 


6 


22 


7 


6 


1 


8 


12 


17 


40 




number 1954. .. 


869 


83 


1,418 


1,055 


6 


123 


1,022 


745 


41 




reporting 1954. .. 


159 


77 


200 


354 


20 


134 


67 


163 


42 




1949... 


178 


105 


282 


343 


54 


219 


109 


170 


43 




number 1954. .. 


3,930 


1,387 


5,349 


8,793 


252 


3,668 


2,155 


5,140 


44 




1949... 


3,425 


1,118 


7,594 


9,037 


809 


5,848 


2,463 


5,936 


45 


Turkeys, ducks, geese, other miscellaneous 




















poultry, and their eggs sold... farms 


reporting 1954. . . 


92 


78 


126 


248 


68 


95 


102 


157 


« 




1949... 


144 


139 


172 


284 


60 


185 


141 


132 


47 




dollars 1954... 


58,838 


22,200 


111,027 


157,915 


530,391 


102,649 


179,988 


53,553 


48 


Animals sold alive: 


1949... 


69,504 


21,137 


63,986 


151,836 


267,070 


67,095 


182,531 


45,981 


49 


Cattle, hogs, sheep, horses, or 
























reporting 1954... 


773 


533 


385 


2,157 


1,098 


1,160 


642 


526 


50 




1949. . . 


845 


661 


613 


2,219 


1,328 


1,301 


729 


549 


51 




dollars 1954... 


644,721 


331,985 


250,540 


2,371,205- 


647,072 


1,824,548 


2,029,891 


1,054,163 


52 




1949... 


742,948 


329,379 


330,514 


2,420,357 


858,739 


1,471,036 


1,490,728 


800,203 


53 


Cattle and/or calves sold 
























reporting 1954.. . 


728 


458 


312 


2,065 


1,045 


1,110 


562 


478 


54 




1949... 


793 


547 


510 


2,077 


1,240 


1,200 


608 


510 


55 




number 1954. . . 


11,037 


3,161 


3,005 


38,661 


8,686 


20,644 


14,965 


10,198 


56 




1949... 


8,327 


2,217 


3,261 


27,134 


7,899 


14,421 


9,085 


7,301 


57 


Cattle sold alive, excluding 
























reporting 1954,, . 


479 


227 


184 


1,561 


603 


857 


437 


366 


58 




1949... 


503 


169 


218 


1,372 


625 


825 


400 


326 


59 




number 1954. . . 


3,509 


1,153 


1,043 


11,591 


2,921 


8,205 


9,903 


4,216 


60 




1949... 


2,725 


621 


993 


8,153 


3,010 


5,518 


5,409 


2,348 


61 




dollars 1954... 


378,227 


121,991 


119,481 


1,472,818 


317,081 


1,102,653 


1,442,753 


617,471 


62 


i 


1949... 


465,766 


93,467 


148,431 


1,309,242 


499,532 


965,121 


1,026,634 


412,735 


63 




reporting 1954. . . 


652 


415 


274 


1,805 


960 


889 


437 


427 


64 




1949. . . 


669 


504 


463 


1,829 


1,096 


949 


494 


478 


65 




number 1954. . . 


7,528 


2,008 


1,962 


27,070 


5,765 


12,439 


5,062 


5,982 


66 




1949... 


5,602 


1,596 


2,268 


18,981 


4,889 


8,903 


3,676 


4,953 


67 




dollars 1954... 


138,286 


81,894 


55,542 


389,741 


148,620 


177,392 


124,119 


132,330 


68 




1949... 


146,451 


87,441 


75,810 


510,472 


156,675 


203,300 


116,675 


137,528 


69 




reporting 1954... 


248 


224 


122 


675 


394 


295 


283 


244 


70 




1949... 


342 


319 


254 


1,088 


605 


528 


417 


326 


71 




number 1954... 


4,406 


4,743 


2,648 


12,357 


4,770 


6,890 


9,931 


10,516 


72 




1949... 


4,980 


5,025 


3,486 


18,341 


6,149 


8,243 


9,841 


10,764 


73 




dollars 1954... 


113,350 


119,362 


59,981 


379,683 


127,858 


243,048 


383,844 


272,263 


74 




1949... 


121,207 


137,935 


77,546 


558,123 


136,396 


235,472 


302 ,425 


229,166 


75 


Sheep and lambs sold alive... farms 


reporting 1954. . . 


21 


14 


44 


80 


191 


50 


68 


50 


76 




1949... 


18 


IS 


54 


63 


191 


28 


53 


29 


77 




number 1954... 


588 


343 


881 


1,391 


3,370 


1,483 


1,547 


1,802 


7K 




1949... 


215 


385 


1,244 


866 


3,170 


323 


1,411 


714 


79 




dollars 1954... 


7,918 


6,646 


14,695 


19,971 


50,400 


20,825 


23,708 


29,643 


B0 




1949... 


3,990 


7,291 


24,026 


17,316 


55,914 


6,321 


28,099 


13,406 


81 


Horses and mules sold alive.. farms 


reporting 1954... 


18 


30 


9 


71 


41 


30 


33 


19 


82 




1949... 


61 


55 


59 


231 


110 


118 


65 


43 


83 




number 1954.. . 


69 


46 


13 


134 


50 


123 


71 


27 


84 




1949... 


91 


73 


125 


397 


174 


341 


129 


79 


85 




dollars 1954... 


6,940 


2,092 


841 


108,992 


3,113 


280,630 


55,467 


2,456 


86 




1949... 


5,534 


3,245 


4,701 


25,204 


10,222 


60,822 


16,895 


7,363 



MARYLAND 



177 



County Table 7 (Part 2 of 2). -LIVESTOCK AND LIVESTOCK PRODUCTS: CENSUSES OF 1954 \ND 1950-Continued 





[For comparability of data on livestock and poultry, see text and State Table 12] 










Item 
(For definitions and explanations, see text) 


Montgomery 


Prince 
Georges 


Queen 
Annes 


St. Marys 


Somerset 


Talbot 


Washington 


Wicomico 


Worcester 




Poultry and poultry products: 




















1 


Poultry and/or poultry products 
























557 
810 


399 
705 


475 
592 


579 
766 


404 
533 


399 
496 


1,025 
1,302 


813 
1,138 


709 


2 


1949. . . 


989 


3 


dollars 1954... 


394,498 


345,042 


531,081 


461,106 


4,839,955 


2,351,050 


949,573 


10,291,739 


7,986,641 


4 


1949... 


901,992 


358,219 


531,758 


378,415 


3,952,653 


1,808,959 


820,815 


8,568,225 


10,685,897 


5 


Chickens, 4 months old and over, 
























977 
1,200 


1,212 
1,528 


696 
743 


1,070 
1,129 


454 
642 


465 
594 


1,400 
1,688 


1,002 
1,341 


705 


6 


1950... 


1,074 


7 


number 1954. . . 


91,012 


92,369 


76,759 


-''-,'■ 


55,354 


49,978 


157,832 


81,559 


79,224 


S 


1950. . . 


113,491 


110,811 


74,326 


78,596 


78,044 


91,940 


144,362 


124,517 


95,205 


9 




291 


181 


268 


211 


352 


279 


508 


611 


501 


10 


1949... 


483 


385 


366 


402 


405 


347 


834 


839 


751 


11 


number 1954... 


121,066 


89,392 


442,092 


119,289 


7,037,122 


2,848,314 


566,289 


14,930,137 


11,512,432 


12 


1949. . . 


367,835 


89,585 


298,481 


73,641 


4,347,273 


1,797,817 


396,064 


9,687,875 


12,150,568 


13 


dollars 1954... 


115,962 


86,427 


337,952 


100,581 


4,573,175 


2,016,743 


456,129 


9,666,178 


7,332,160 


14 


1949. . . 


421,167 


101,387 


267,242 


77,498 


3,602,573 


1,487,516 


369,924 


8,132,126 


10,363,658 


15 




12 


7 


20 


21 


270 


71 


17 


431 


290 


16 


number 1954. . . 


78,400 


52,385 


408,300 


84,358 


6,988,860 


2,814,172 


478,378 


14,887,544 


11,470,942 


1? 


dollars 1954... 


75,605 


48,130 


303,873 


67,053 


4,528,408 


1,982,325 


363,904 


9,631,464 


7,292,174 


18 




285 
42,666 


179 
37,007 


252 


202 


97 


212 


498 


191 


236 


19 


number 1954... 


33,792 


34,931 


48,262 


34,142 


87,911 


42,593 


41,490 


20 


dollars 1954... 


40,357 


38,297 


34,079 


33,528 


44,767 


34,418 


92,225 


34,714 


39,986 


21 




455 


325 


363 


492 


106 


283 


925 


338 


341 


22 


1949... 


699 


564 


476 


651 


262 


362 


1,210 


727 


568 


23 


dozens 1954. . . 


503,120 


434,052 


362,211 


448,879 


■ ,- 


278,879 


989,443 


483,691 


412,274 


24 


1949... 


703,307 


458,350 


420,751 


327,407 


469,266 


316,327 


886,432 


704,197 


499,376 


2^ 


dollars 1954... 


239,081 


207,805 


164,622 


186,297 


178,125 


149,673 


391,475 


207,203 


208,438 


26 


1949... 


350,323 


224,924 


208,668 


141,168 


293,012 


174,116 


374,244 


337,293 


264,351 


27 




118 

162 


136 
196 


83 


192 


23 


59 


87 


67 


42 


28 


1949... 


145 


259 


22 


91 


74 


98 


47 


29 


number 1954. . . 


5,892 


11,744 


4,209 


21,574 


23,211 


26,605 


18,675 


88,362 


148,867 


X 


1949... 


18,894 


4,713 


8,679 


19,694 


8,808 


25,031 


12,383 


13,535 


9,950 


31 




49 


77 


35 


97 


14 


27 


30 


41 


26 


12 


number 1954. . . 


1,976 


3,349 


1,402 


6,290 


14,177 


537 


3,706 


29,344 


141,922 


33 




74 


63 


51 


98 


11 


32 


63 


26 


18 


94 


number 1954... 


3,916 


8,395 


2,807 


15,284 


9,034 


26,068 


14,969 


59,018 


6,945 


35 


Turkey hens to be kept for breeding. 
























17 


43 


31 


76 


2 


29 


18 


21 


11 


36 


number 1954. . . 


54 


561 


251 


3,599 


11 


4,667 


200 


462 


322 


37 




6 


20 


20 


40 


2 


19 


10 


17 


5 


38 


number 1954 . . . 


18 


453 


159 


279 


11 


2,694 


100 


58 


63 


39 




11 


24 


12 


37 




11 


8 


4 


6 


40 


number 1954... 


36 


108 


92 


3,320 




1,973 


100 


404 


259 


41 




153 


168 


130 


71 


103 


92 


154 


161 


144 


,2 


1949... 


170 


156 


190 


95 


186 


149 


177 


324 


343 


43 


number 1954. . . 


2,511 


1,937 


5,652 


1,473 


1,985 


2,750 


2,977 


2,093 


3,676 


4.; 


1949... 


3,867 


2,140 


5,923 


1,591 


3,940 


4,662 


2,734 


4,724 


6,329 


45 


Turkeys, ducks, geese, other miscellaneous 






















poultry, and their eggs sold... farms reporting 1954... 


99 


61 


106 


140 


36 


74 


107 


79 


109 


46 


1949... 


161 


117 


214 


231 


103 


130 


128 


146 


156 


47 


dollars 1954... 


39,455 


50,810 


28,507 


174,226 


88,655 


184,634 


101,974 


418,358 


446,043 


48 


1949... 
Aniaals sold alive: 


130,502 


31,908 


55,843 


159,749 


57,068 


147,327 


76,647 


93,806 


57,888 


49 


Cattle, hogs, sheep, horses, or 
























976 


581 


750 


601 


321 


500 


1,335 


465 


584 


50 


1949... 


1,093 


714 


763 


665 


425 


572 


1,423 


722 


749 


51 


dollars 1954... 


2,197,319 


1,029,838 


1,713,744 


408,294 


432,447 


1,270,930 


1,989,560 


351,364 


641,094 


52 


1949... 


2,863,526 


626,151 


1,152,635 


295,155 


294,023 


775,991 


1,937,148 


240,104 


445,843 


53 


Cattle and/or calves sold 
























886 


460 


672 


498 


240 


444 


1,236 


301 


407 


54 


1949... 


947 


582 


709 


560 


294 


508 


1,239 


472 


529 


55 


number 1954. . . 


21,516 


5,173 


13,158 


3,054 


2,968 


6,918 


19,140 


2,141 


4,059 


56 


1949... 


18,193 


3,138 


9,296 


2,203 


1,454 


5,185 


13,187 


1,417 


2,712 


57 


Cattle sold alive, excluding 
























706 


275 


462 


234 


113 


329 


879 


98 


175 


58 


1949... 


671 


261 


399 


193 


107 


295 


826 


111 


148 


59 


number 1954. . . 


10,862 


3,136 


5,387 


1,204 


1,413 


3,183 


7,984 


1,039 


1,124 


60 


1949... 


8,746 


1,647 


2,411 


535 


388 


1,591 


5,688 


424 


590 


61 


dollars 1954... 


1,605,284 


406,813 


904,449 


149,337 


169,687 


474,225 


1,103,819 


146,850 


123,616 


62 


1949... 


1,754,070 


276,656 


502,609 


84,670 


60,577 


247,384 


935,000 


70,571 


92,372 


63 




673 


364 


593 


457 


209 


366 


1,074 


265 


377 


64 


1949... 


763 


482 


674 


519 


265 


457 


1,058 


437 


491 


65 


number 1954, . . 


10,654 


2,037 


7,771 


1,850 


1,555 


3,735 


11,156 


1,102 


2,935 


66 


1949... 


9,447 


1,491 


. ' 


1,668 


1,066 


3,594 


7,499 


993 


2,122 


67 


dollars 1954... 


212,855 


78,6 


142,000 


65,279 


56,546 


99,079 


253,800 


37,474 


73,456 


68 


1949... 


264,964 


85,319 


183,393 


89, OX 


44,999 


113,275 


244,927 


49,662 


94,363 


69 


Hogs and pigs sold alive farms reporting 1954... 


340 


245 


492 


283 


169 


325 


671 


307 


414 


70 


1949... 


601 


313 


536 


381 


277 


389 


988 


414 


537 


71 


number 1954. . . 


9,357 


8,971 


20,580 


6,697 


6,202 


16,738 


17,581 


6,689 


13,016 


72 


1949... 


15,006 


7,599 


17,893 


4,640 


6,301 


12,364 


23,358 


5,021 


9,506 


73 


dollars 1954... 


342,263 


362,682 


583,568 


185,280 


190,720 


657,773 


577,857 


162,666 


427,700 


74 


1949... 


493,155 


241,164 


427,018 


110,702 


171,417 


361,445 


67,4132 


112,197 


240,244 


75 


Sheep and lambs sold alive. ..farms reporting 1954... 


79 


18 


84 


24 


37 


85 


138 


5 


42 


76 


1949... 


78 


26 


61 


32 


16 


105 


154 


3 


39 


77 


number 1954... 


1,529 


1,130 


1,807 


311 


1,059 


2,167 


2,889 


62 


955 


78 


1949... 


1,433 


568 


1,591 


477 


205 


2,604 


2,624 


22 


608 


79 


dollars 1954... 


25.929 


18,161 


27,117 


4,782 


15,330 


37,899 


44,579 


1,031 


15,352 


80 


1949... 


29,631 


8,930 


30,873 


8,689 


4,082 


46,369 


. , ■ ■' 


229 


11,193 


81 


Horses and mules sold alive. .farms reporting 1954... 


45 


49 


21 


46 


3 


24 


50 


8 


12 


82 


1949. . . 


103 


65 


79 


44 


40 


60 


166 


94 


55 


83 


number 1954. . . 


82 


245 


50 


70 


4 


37 


85 


12 


16 


84 


1949... 


318 


175 


185 


50 


64 


117 


545 


135 


116 


?5 


dollars 1954... 


10,988 


163,582 


56,610 


3,616 


164 


1,954 


9,505 


3,343 


970 


86 


1949... 


321,706 


14,082 


6,742 


2,060 


12,948 


7,518 


34,103 


7,445 


7,671 



178 



STATISTICS FOR COUNTIES 



County Table &-NURSERY, GREENHOUSE, AND FOREST 



Item 
(For definitions and explanations, see text) 

Nursery and greenhouse products, flower and vegetable 
seeds and plants, and bulbs: 

Nursery and greenhouse products, flower and 
vegetable seeds and plants, flowers, and 
bulbs sold dollars 1954 . 

1949 . 

Nursery products (trees, shrubs, vines, 
ornamentals , etc . ) farms reporting 1954 . 

1949. 

acres 1954. 

1949. 

Sold dollars 1954 . 

1949 . 

Cut flowers, potted plants, florist greens, 
and bedding plants grown for sale: 

Grown under glass farms reporting 1954. 

1949. 

square feet 1954. 

1949 . 

Grown in open farms reporting 1954. 

1949 . . 

acres 1954. 

1949 . . 

Sold farms reporting 1954. 

1949 . . 

dollars 1954., 

1949. 

Vegetables grown under glass, flower seeds, 
vegetable seeds, vegetable plants, bulbs, 
and mushrooms produced for sale: 

Grown under glass or in 
house farms reporting 1954 . 

1949.. 

square feet 1954 . . 

1949 . . 

Grown in open farms reporting 1954 . . 

1949 . . 

acres 1954 . . 

1949.. 

Sold farms reporting 1954 . . 

1949., 
dollars 1954., 
1949., 
Forest products: 

Firewood and fuelwood cut farms reporting 1954., 

1949.. 

cords (4'x 4'x 8') 1954.. 

1949 . , 

Fence posts cut farms reporting 1954 . , 

1949., 
number 1954 . . 

1949.. 

i 

Sawlogs and veneer logs cut (including standing 
timber sold) farms reporting 1954., 

1949 , 

thousands of bd . f t . 1954 . . 
1949 1 . 

Value of firewood, fence posts, logs, lumber, pulp- 
wood, piling and poles, bark, bolts, Christmas trees, 
hewn ties, mine timber, and other miscellaneous 
forest products sold farms reporting 1954.. 

dollars 1954.. 

1949., 



Anne 
Arundel 



Baltijnore 
and Balti- 
more City 



5,696,749 
5,559,332 

186 

174 

3,298 

2,946 

2 ,363 ,148 
1,670,273 



191 

207 

2 ,387 ,940 

2 ,766 ,987 

182 
211 
448 
577 

279 

309 

2,933,393 

3,455,580 



1,060 
1 ,011 ,816 
1,027,218 



106,850 
87,090 



15,100 
17 ,850 



7 

10 

43 ,400 

47,968 



16 
67,500 
60,955 



78 


8 


87 


12 


535,857 


26 ,972 


287,751 


7,530 


44 


1 


65 


2 


185 


(Z) 


380 


1 


107 


9 


138 


13 


400 ,208 


24,250 


433 ,479 


8,285 


7,725 


128 


11 ,217 


283 


75 ,978 


1,826 


117 ,373 


2,094 


3,260 


67 


4,130 


127 


431,578 


10 ,203 


490,150 


14 ,163 


2,057 


37 


2,458 


60 


34,750 


180 


14,295 


470 



76,090 
198 ,298 

7 
3 
7 
2 
1,800 
55,050 



9 

5 

82,607 

150,000 

7 
2 



12 

5 

73,390 

143 ,248 



17,781 
35,318 



22 
9,941 
20,642 



1 ,823 ,768 
2 ,013 ,647 

53 

40 

507 

555 

359 ,630 

273 ,806 



78 

113 

1 ,022 ,632 

1 ,499 ,515 

83 
100 
165 
212 

L22 

154 

1,306,193 

1,562,561 



2 


15 




33 


2,500 


322 ,825 




210,568 


1 


9 




20 


1 


8 




20 


2 


21 




47 


900 


157,945 




177 ,280 


399 


401 


436 


638 


3,498 


3,080 


4,042 


5,897 


185 


155 


177 


169 


26 ,203 


16,063 


27,488 


16,136 


69 


92 


79 


113 


511 


1,605 


531 


549 



52 
27,754 

36 ,086 



575 

551 

5,932 

5,210 

140 

138 

20,529 

17 ,220 



81 
764 
312 



45 
27 ,826 
13,096 



9,757 
24,000 



2 

5 

13 ,600 

7,004 

2 
2 
2 



7,862 
21,971 



2 

3 

2,720 

1,904 

3 



1,495 
2,029 

304 

537 

2,665 

5,285 

218 

325 

29 ,738 

37,665 

176 
181 
798 
811 



25,042 
26 ,333 



500,930 
221 ,932 



207,550 
67,682 

6 
2 

47 
41 



240,155 
111,627 



54 
32,311 
15,073 



_1_ 



123,125 
3,684 



8 


3 


460 


6 


282 


2 


257,025 


2,475 


110,305 


1.3X 



1 

23 ,940 
1,800 

3 

1 

1 

(Z) 

4 

2 

25,800 

1,250 



2 


1 




1 


1 


(Z) 




(Z) 


4 


8 




1 


3,750 


94,850 




1,100 


744 


251 


1,041 


403 


6,924 


2,339 


8,228 


3,669 


229 


134 


285 


162 


23,343 


17 ,812 


26,518 


20,985 


184 


70 


192 


82 


1,384 


631 


583 


610 



32 
24,289 
32 ,510 



Z Reported in small fractions. 



1 Does not include amount sold as standing timber. 



MARYLAND 



179 



PRODUCTS: CENSUSES OF 1954 AND 1950 



Dorchester 


Frederick 


Garrett 


Harford 


Howard 


Kent 


Montgomery 


Prince 
Georges 


Queen 
Annes 


St. Marys 


Somerset 


Talbot 


Washington 


Wicomico 


Worcester 




20,435 


211,298 


89,015 


46,392 


79,800 


22,420 


731,542 


679,194 


35,145 


3,905 


180,950 


43,867 


181,879 


426,887 


294,300 


1 


25,452 


316,700 


102,520 


15,980 


31,653 


737 


702,829 


753,246 


52,906 


42 


122,780 


49,548 


94,221 


580,535 


154,906 


2 


4 


9 




3 


3 


3 


34 


13 


5 


2 


2 


3 


6 


11 


6 


3 


4 


1 




2 


4 


1 


27 


20 


5 


1 


5 


2 


5 


26 


7 


4 


2 


110 




56 


32 


33 


787 


75 


29 


4 


66 


63 


28 


315 


684 


5 


20 


1 




31 


2 


(Z) 


516 


245 


38 


(z) 


73 


50 


1 


598 


512 


6 


2,875 


87,790 




26,400 


39,000 


15,600 


582,966 


85,952 


13,370 


2,005 


177,000 


42,475 


66,020 


327,515 


251,800 


7 


5,641 


100 




10,000 


1,099 


80 


399,013 


10,521 


42 


96,650 


31,850 


2,191 


315,708 


230,974 


106,059 


8 




8 


2 


4 


4 




16 


21 


4 


2 


3 


2 


8 


6 


1 


9 


2 


2 


1 


3 


7 




13 


16 


3 




3 


2 


11 


4 


1 


10 




128,042 


100,350 


3,390 


22,588 




217,320 


342,486 


14,375 


398 


4,350 


3,392 


108,776 


38,350 


594 


11 


5,553 


38,000 


150,000 


3,290 


26,832 




166,238 


405,716 


14,875 




7,846 


3,925 


95,243 


73,900 


600 


12 


4 


7 


2 


2 


2 


3 


16 


18 


5 


2 






8 


4 


2 


13 


3 


4 


... 


2 


4 


1 


20 


24 


4 




3 


3 


7 


5 


6 


14 


26 


9 


10 


1 


3 


(z) 


19 


65 


8 


1 






15 


17 


46 


15 


50 


53 




6 


1 


2 


30 


65 


6 




4 


2 


18 


4 


12 


:•■ 


4 


10 


3 


6 


5 


3 


22 


23 


5 


2 


3 


2 


13 


8 


2 


17 


5 


6 


1 


4 


7 


1 


26 


31 


4 




4 


2 


13 


7 


6 


18 


11,341 


121,589 


80,185 


7,450 


40,200 


218 


144,785 


592,717 


18,010 


1,100 


2,950 


1,392 


88,074 


56,732 


42,500 


19 


8,720 


291,600 


100,000 


5,095 


30,475 


60 


280,751 


517,722 


41,185 




25,900 


17,198 


82,241 


107,040 


41,755 


20 


1 


7 


2 


6 


1 




7 


1 


3 


1 


1 




8 


2 




21 


2 




2 


4 


2 


1 


7 


5 






1 


1 


11 


1 


1 


22 


5,600 


3,458 


13,000 


19,292 


500 




5,260 


V.500 


6,000 


300 


1,200 




23,760 


350 


... 


23 


628 




10,375 


260 


60 


16,779 


2,785 






594 


8,000 


20,516 


3,200 


300 


3,752 


24 


4 


2 


1 


1 




3 


2 


1 


3 


1 


1 




5 


3 




25 


2 


1 




2 


1 




3 


7 


2 




1 




3 


16 


3 


26 


48 


(z) 


8 


(Z) 




47 


1 


2 


2 


(Z) 


1 




4 


60 


... 


27 


102 


3 




5 


2 




(Z) 


54 


1 




1 




1 


172 


17 


28 


5 


8 


2 


7 


1 


3 


9 


2 


4 


1 


2 




9 


5 




29 


5 


1 


2 


5 


2 


1 


10 


9 


2 




2 


1 


12 


17 


3 


30 


6,219 


1,919 


8,830 


12,542 


600 


6,602 


3,791 


525 


3,765 


800 


1,000 




27,785 


42,640 




31 


11,091 


25,000 


2,520 


885 


79 


597 


23,065 


4,550 


1,200 




230 


500 


9,789 


157,787 


7,092 


32 


126 


892 


180 


466 


142 


91 


311 


570 


269 


574 


42 


200 


446 


55 


46 


33 


370 


1,042 


448 


635 


301 


167 


447 


689 


479 


607 


81 


321 


541 


204 


215 


34 


1,402 


7,630 


1,662 


4,820 


1,665 


901 


4,008 


5,455 


2,738 


6,539 


607 


2,342 


3,355 


388 


284 


35 


3,781 


9,387 


3,573 


7,423 


3,356 


1,627 


6,636 


8,158 


7,475 


7,152 


624 


3,806 


4,879 


1,495 


1,434 


36 


55 


430 


149 


222 


103 


86 


123 


158 


175 


126 


13 


104 


194 


34 


40 


37 


156 


398 


217 


239 


146 


91 


169 


208 


267 


117 


27 


160 


230 


47 


113 


38 


7,575 


52,426 


24,200 


30,177 


14,018 


11,112 


17,917 


22,946 


28,276 


17,134 


1,992 


12,038 


20,226 


2,756 


4,007 


39 


20,568 


45,090 


,24,154 


25,090 


20,902 


14,911 


23,170 


30,017 


36,753 


8,978 


2,035 


16,682 


21,157 


2,819 


10,607 


40 


35 


203 


112 


183 


46 


13 


81 


80 


108 


112 


14 


101 


88 


23 


45 


41 


76 


215 


173 


183 


72 


35 


100 


117 


137 


95 


22 


126 


73 


33 


61 


42 


2,081 


1,063 


1,935 


3,096 


835 


391 


793 


1,419 


1,552 


6,210 


2,085 


1,789 


630 


1,106 


1,759 


43 


291 


1,048 


1,107 


1,012 


416 


201 


836 


839 


434 


899 


215 


626 


392 


340 


723 


44 


43 


71 


154 


74 


30 


16 


40 


27 


16 


75 


10 


32 


46 


27 


35 


45 


89,497 


28,204 


96,714 


53,967 


30,048 


14,359 


20,747 


32,265 


53,622 


137,603 


47,290 


63,520 


20,515 


27,714 


63,438 


-6 


83,875 


27,539 


138,789 


41,603 


15,898 


8,413 


41,770 


18,778 


13,881 


44,718 


82,133 


31,149 


29,575 


91,006 


140,147 


47 



180 



STATISTICS FOR COUNTIES 

County Table 9 (Part 1 of 5 ) .-SPECIFIED CROPS HARVESTED: CENSUSES OF 1954 AND 1950 





Item 
(For definitions and explanations, see text) 


The State 


Allegany 


Anne 
Arundel 


Baltimore 
and 
Baltimore City 


Calvert 


Caroline 


Carroll 


1 

2 
3 

4 


Corn: 

Corn for all purposes . . 


1949... 

acres 1954. . . 

1949... 


22,243 

25,370 

498,252 

440,888 


466 

603 

3,736 

4,185 




666 

784 

9,120 

8,001 


1,210 
1,556 

17,318 
18,057 




722 

797 

5,958 

6,091 


1,076 

1,231 

31,144 

23,747 




2,045 


5 
6 


Harvested for grain. 


farms reporting 1954. . . 

1949... 


21,278 
24,687 


428 
561 




634 
726 


1,125 
1,498 




719 
788 


1,069 
1,226 




1,998 
2,191 


7 
8 




acres 1954. . . 
1949... 


427,038 
393,358 


2,803 
3,333 




8,233 

7,071 


13,993 
15,816 




5,736 
5,902 


29,475 
22,944 




29,016 
30,233 


9 
10 




bushels 1954... 
1949... 


18,070,605 
16,761,266 


137,611 
130,892 




351,213 
259,020 


700,465 
804,643 


212,366 
238,106 


1,067,519 
813,190 




1,597,384 
1,622,650 


11 
12 


Cut for silage 


farms reporting 1954. . . 

1949... 


5,390 
4,228 


66 
65 




49 
38 


204 
167 




16 
4 


141 
64 




636 
495 


13 
1* 




acres 1954.. . 
1949... 


65,082 
41,017 


853 
770 




780 
577 


2,846 
1,879 




198 
37 


1,502 
598 




6,925 
4,426 


15 
16 




tons, green weight 1954... 
1949... 


606,860 
385,575 


7,667 
6,137 




7,215 
4,639 


27,689 
19,062 




1,176 

185 


13,091 
4,747 




67,808 
44,316 


17 

18 
19 
20 


Hogged or grazed, or 
dry fodder 


cut for green or 

1949... 

acres 1954. . . 

1949... 


651 

864 

6,132 

6,513 


21 
20 
80 
82 




23 
41 
107 
353 


63 
59 

479 
362 




5 

13 

24 

152 


27 

34 

167 

205 




31 

36 

264 

260 


21 
22 
23 
24 


Com sold 


farms report ing 1954. . . 

1949... 

bushels 1954... 

1949... 


8,681 

7,720 

7,986,393 

4,852,546 


86 

37 

51,126 

7,833 




256 

112 

131,361 

32,646 


294 

262 

186,127 

96,602 




225 

102 

62,435 

18,297 


712 

o27 

627,521 

357,101 




691 

573 

441,405 

261,701 




Item 
(For definitions and explanations, see text) 


Cecil 


Charles 


Dorchester 


Frederick 


Garrett 


Harford 


Howard 


Kent 


1 
2 
3 
4 


Corn: 

Corn for all purposes.. 


1949. . . 

acres 1954. . . 

1949... 


354 

912 

23,046 

18,083 


1,010 

1,158 

13,860 

12,035 


752 

926 

26,096 

23,765 




2,030 

2,255 

37,252 

40,415 




1,04V 
1,164 
7,015 
6,482 




1,083 
,1,332 
*B,917 
18,740 


537 

610 

10,186 

9,949 


596 

635 

36,897 

27,581 


5 

6 


Harvested for grain. 


farms reporting 1954. . . 

1949... 


838 
903 


998 
1,145 




745 
900 




1,815 
2,145 




905 
1,041 




1,026 
1,299 


484 
593 


530 
626 


7 
8 




acres 1954. . . 
1949. . . 


19,679 
16,017 


13,419 
11,803 


25,253 

22,757 




23,580 




4,296 
4,596 




12,725 
14,853 


7,269 
8,482 


32,645 

25,011 


9 
10 




bushels 1954. . . 
1949. . . 


870,504 
786,456 


328,533 
497,365 


1,161,120 

914,813 


1 
1 


225,080 
456,299 


169,068 
203,771 




709,466 
823,739 


368,903 
454,715 


1,323,375 

1,160,762 


11 
12 


Cut for silage 


farms reporting 1954. . . 

1949 . . . 


306 
246 


21 
10 




58 
30 




1,063 

02 




381 
303 




509 
443 


185 
144 


303 
229 


13 
14 




acres 1954. . . 
1949... 


3,249 
1,948 


311 
129 




586 
282 




13,116 
9,326 




2,654 

1,776 




6,096 

3,770 


2,713 
1,445 


3,763 
1,932 


15 
16 




tons, green weight 1954. . . 
1949... 


28,441 
19,511 


2,953 
1,036 




5,500 
2,275 




122,383 
86,798 




26,817 
16,568 




60, 990 
41,205 


24,252 

13,166 


30,336 
16,687 


17 

18 
19 
20 


Hogged or grazed, or 
dry fodder 


cut for green or 

farms reporting 1954. . . 

1949... 
acres 1954. . . 

1949... 


16 

18 

118 

118 


21 

19 

130 

103 




22 

77 
257 
726 




62 
62 
556 

450 




19 

38 

65 

110 




12 

24 
96 

117 


20 

6 

204 

22 


25 

4S 

489 

636 


21 
22 
23 
24 


Corn sold 


farms reporting 1954. . . 

1949... 

bushels 1954... 

1949... 


334 

287 

338,361 

203,163 


304 

226 

110,619 

52,596 


544 

563 

871,151 

556,742 




388 

494 

235,210 

233,704 




96 

18 

21,230 

2,274 




183 

202 

106,703 

59,296 


146 

133 

83,447 

53,045 


411 

467 

845,312 

D«,575 




Item 
(For definitions and explanations, see text) 


Montgomery 


Prince 
Georges 


Queen 
Annes 


St. Marys 


Somerset 


Talbot 


Washington 


Wicomico 


Worcester 


1 
2 
3 
4 


Corn: 

Corn for all purposes . . 


1949... 

acres 1954. . . 

1949... 


696 

802 

16,895 

17,335 


963 

1,123 

11,726 

12,464 


863 

840 

43,723 

30,175 


1,014 

1,059 

14,638 

13,058 


590 

742 

11,400 

12,528 




568 

619 

31,173 

21,124 


1,377 
1,498 
30,526 
29,597 


1,136 

1,371 

26,171 

24,054 


942 

1,126 

33,250 

28,503 


5 
6 


Harvested for grain. 


1949... 


627 
802 


927 
1,071 


850 
828 


998 
1,047 


584 
732 




563 
611 


1,324 
1,474 


1,101 
1,360 


940 
1,120 


7 
8 




acres 1954. . . 
1949. . . 


11,920 
12,861 


10,465 
11,281 


38,623 
27,603 


14,052 
12,800 


10,837 
12,072 




29,275 
19,876 


23,912 
25,930 


27,437 
23,735 


32,395 
27,743 


9 
10 




bushels 1954. .. 
1949... 


577,884 
594,569 


347,870 
436,452 


1,723,439 
1,145,652 


344,947 
488,983 


393,922 
439,047 




1,195,535 

798,272 


1,151,675 

1,127,481 


870,884 
647,608 


1,241,842 
916,781 


11 
12 

13 
14 

L5 

16 




1949... 

acres 1954. . . 
1949... 

tons, green weight 1954... 
1949... 


268 
233 

4,692 
4,159 

46,104 
39,616 


43 

34 

993 

612 

10,027 
7,224 


323 

223 

4,431 

2,058 

38,354 
16,225 


37 

16 

385 

99 

2,516 
897 


38 

27 
298 
214 

2,658 

1,673 




150 

99 

1,540 

847 

12,495 
7,001 


531 

375 

6,269 

3,261 

60,555 
30,256 


12 
12 

156 
125 

1,073 
1,040 


50 

49 

726 

547 

6,760 
5,311 


17 


Hogged or grazed, or 


cut for green or 


26 

39 

283 

315 


31 

53 

268 

371 


51 

59 

669 

514 


23 
26 
201 
159 


18 

34 

265 

242 




29 
41 
358 
401 


38 

51 

345 

406 


53 

30 
578 
194 


15 

36 

129 

213 


18 
19 




1949... 

acres 1954. . . 

1949... 


21 
22 

23 

24 




1949 . . . 

bushels 1954... 

1949... 


184 

186 

153,263 

117,107 


297 

157 
112,702 
61,308 


573 

578 

955,519 

553,945 


424 

438 

107,734 

125,747 


254 

233 

173,232 

99,298 




440 

393 

752 , 643 

422,787 


460 

560 

329,007 

296,359 


738 

535 

526,085 

206,236 


641 

537 

764,200 

341,184 



MARYLAND 

County Table 9 (Part 2 of 5 ), .-SPECIFIED CROPS HARVESTED: CENSUSES OF 1954 AND 1950 



181 





Item 
(For definitions and explanations, see text) 


The State 


Allegany 


Anne 
Arundel 


Baltimore 

and 

Baltimore City 


Calvert 


Caroline 


Carroll 


1 
2 


Saall craina: 


-farms reporting 1954... 
1949... 


10,100 
13,086 


189 
231 


127 
115 


589 
885 


12 
11 


! 531 
> 650 


1,373 
1,750 


3 
4 




acres 1954. . . 
1949... 


185,932 

305,884 


1,344 
1,997 


1,416 

1,840 


6,825 
12,818 


1,16 

1,08 


> 12,135 
5 17,149 


20,962 
32,015 


5 
6 




bushels 1954. . . 
1949... 


4,715,287 
5,719,200 


28,945 
36,271 


24,778 
23,611 


182,754 
274,153 


19,35 
15,35 


269,594 
j 269,126 


567,304 
649,772 


7 

6 




bushels sold 1954. . . 
1949... 


3,922,344 
4,249,656 


14,942 
5,256 


14,989 
12,478 


138,937 
171,376 


10,69. 

6,58 


239,901 
5 208,547 


455,492 

432,019 


9 

10 


Oats threshed or combined 


.farms reporting 1954... 
1949... 


7,076 
4,581 


212 
247 


34 

19 


450 
263 


2 


L 261 

137 


913 
517 


11 
IS 




acres 1954... 
1949... 


72,214 
37,750 


1,508 
1,514 


394 
277 


4,333 
2,214 


9 
9 


7 2,199 
L 929 


7,006 
3,031 


13 




bushels 1954. . . 
1949. . . 


2,916,686 
1,224,576 


59,729 
40,558 


11,525 
7,633 


162,685 
79,053 


2,73 
3,09 


7 84,787 
3 26,382 


274,574 
99,818 


15 

16 




bushels sold 1954. . . 
1949... 


327,017 
77,045 


3,587 
1,135 


1,493 

470 


16,133 
3,720 


38 
26 


1 15,249 
i 3,295 


26,336 
5,632 


17 
18 


Barley threshed or combined. . . . 


.farms reporting 1954... 
1949... 


6,580 
6,452 


67 
51 


33 
29 


623 
556 


1 


! 336 

327 


1,108 
1,112 


1" 

20 




acres 1954. . . 
1949... 


83,847 
77,901 


462 
264 


576 
438 


7,704 
6,667 


16 
6 


7 3,846 
7 3,268 


10,975 

10,307 


22 




bushels 1954. . . 
1949 . . . 


3,180,346 
2,621,898 


17,606 
8,835 


15,740 
11,268 


334,797 
263,094 


4,671 
2,03- 


] 99,001 
76,503 


459,254 
388,902 


23 
24 




bushels sold 1954. . . 
1949. . . 


633,377 
449,358 


330 
96 


598 

466 


46,260 
27,245 




39,790 
20,652 


64,005 
51,024 


25 
26 


Rye threshed or combined 


.farms reporting 1954... 
1949... 


1,774 
1,353 


13 
18 


13 

8 


25 

23 


1 


237 
163 


57 
24 


27 
28 




acres 1954. . . 
1949... 


17,182 
11,091 


45 

54 


125 
43 


157 
122 


7 

4 


i 1,962 
1,134 


328 

140 


29 

30 




bushels 1954... 
1949... 


320,643 
163,119 


874 

776 


1,471 
419 


3,848 
2,520 


93 
591 


7 33,801 
16,435 


6,904 
2,539 


31 
32 




bushels sold 1954. . . 
1949... 


176,362 
65,570 


55 
178 


687 
206 


1,680 
456 


31 
10 


! 16,629 
5 4,332 


2,497 
242 


33 
34 


Buckwheat threshed or combined. 


•farms reporting 1954... 
1949... 


364 
558 


20 
24 




3 
10 




4 
17 


12 
20 


35 
36 




acres 1954. . . 
1949... 


1,621 
2,447 


71 
62 




9 
58 




30 
126 


73 
103 


37 
38 




bushels 1954.. . 
1949... 


45,032 
51,235 


1,735 
1,000 




180 

1,186 


., 


450 
2,025 


1,816 
2,553 


39 
40 




bushels sold 1954. . . 
1949. . . 


20,089 
7,503 


653 
20 




17 

441 




260 

897 


762 

180 


41 
42 


Other grain threshed or 
combined 


. farms report ing 1954 .. . 
1949. . . 


36 
28 


1 




1 
3 




1 
1 


6 

1 


43 
44 




acres 1954. . . 
1949... 


323 
282 


1 




6 
34 




1 16 
2 


20 
3 


45 
46 




bushels 1954. . . 
1949... 


10,880 
5,746 


5 




355 
935 


7 
21 


200 
50 


790 
60 


47 
48 




bushels sold 1954... 
1949 . . . 


1,384 
2,806 






300 


1. 


110 




49 

50 
51 
52 


Annual legunes: 

Soybeans grown for all 


-farms reporting 1954... 

1949 . . . 

acres 1954. . . 

1949... 


6,355 

5,493 

156,503 

77,737 


25 
22 

96 

90 


159 

183 

1,928 

1,713 


148 

213 

1,344 

1,907 


2{ 
31 

21. 

17! 


749 

780 

17,611 

12,455 


160 

121 

1,044 

747 


53 
54 
55 
56 
57 
58 




.farms reporting 1954... 

1949... 

acres 1954. . . 

1949... 

bushels 1954... 

1949... 


4,521 

3,013 

137,445 

55,971 

2,489,419 

928,440 


2 
3 

12 

12 

314 

155 


38 

36 

701 

426 

7,486 

6,197 


30 

60 

213 

542 

2,818 

10,268 


f 

s; 
it 

1,25! 
1,50C 


697 

645 

16,963 

10,876 

315,591 

165,712 


21 

33 

137 

220 

2,303 

3,777 


59 
60 
61 
62 
63 
64 




.farms reporting 1954... 

1949 . . . 

acres 1954. . . 

1949... 

tons 1954... 

1949... 


1,729 
2,474 
11,410 
13,841 
15,935 
20,738 


15 
11 
54 
37 
81 
62 


97 
124 
941 
900 

1,020 
977 


64 
103 
369 
639 
693 
1,076 


I* 

If 
lit 

5C 
14! 

52 


117 
219 
566 

1,040 
582 

1,464 


121 
64 
656 
304 
1,213 
549 


65 

66 
67 
68 


Hogged or grazed, or cut for 


.farms reporting 1954... 

1949... 

acres 1954. . . 

1949. . . 


411 

248 

5,196 

2,141 


5 
5 

17 
23 


11 

9 

125 

76 


39 

38 

525 

493 


2 
2 

4 
17 


4 
12 
25 
59 


30 

17 

227 

136 


69 

70 
71 
72 


Plowed under for green 


.farms reporting 1954... 

1949 . . . 

acres 1954 .. . 

1949. . . 


265 

686 

2,452 

5,784 


6 

5 

13 

18 


31 

55 

161 

311 


27 

38 

211 

233 


2 

-' 
10 
29 


8 

37 

57 

480 


5 
13 
24 
87 



182 STATISTICS FOR COUNTIES 

County Table 9 (Part 2 of 5) -SPECIFIED CROPS HARVESTED: CENSUSES OF 1954 AND 1950-Continued 





Item 
(For definitions and explanations, see text) 


Cecil 


Charles 


Dorchester 


Frederick 


Garrett 


Harford 


Howard 


Kent 


1 

2 


Saall grains: 

Wheat threshed or combined 


farms reporting 1954. . . 
1949... 


420 
583 


362 
399 


384 
519 


1,338 
1,749 


477 
534 


450 
733 


306 
417 


317 
441 


3 
4 




acres 1954. . . 
1949... 


8,707 
14,821 


4,619 
5,039 


11,148 
16,957 


22,950 
39, 367 


2,512 
2,838 


4,975 
9,741 


5,509 
10,050 


11,244 
21,945 


5 
G 




bushels 1954. . . 
1949 . . . 


240,104 
311,745 


84, 567 

70, 793 


281,076 
260,892 


621,281 
774,860 


67,513 
67,079 


151,591 
228,651 


157,840 
218,618 


284, 792 
419,301 


7 
B 




bushels sold 1954. . . 
1949. . . 


212,972 
253,444 


54,328 
30, 503 


259,931 
233,275 


499,149 
545,696 


26,470 
4,152 


121,205 
152,680 


135,161 
180,221 


261,141 
357,181 


9 

10 




•farms reporting 1954... 
1949. . . 


346 

166 


52 
32 


160 

109 


869 
547 


976 

1,049 


552 
355 


155 
43 


231 
77 


11 




acres 1954... 
1949... 


3,887 
1,544 


427 
335 


1,418 
722 


9,429 
4,661 


8,510 

8,900 


5,393 
2,611 


1,798 
418 


3,428 
823 


L3 
14 




bushels 1954... 
1949... 


158,259 
53,647 


14,365 
9,077 


51,690 
22,459 


387,118 

159,050 


412,108 
294,851 


227,312 
101,694 


69, 993 
13,650 


130,334 
25,932 


15 
L6 




bushels sold 1954. . . 
1949... 


12,698 
3,784 


320 
2,650 


19,875 
7,324 


26,817 
10, 115 


20,480 
4,731 


14,727 
2,656 


4,602 
325 


30,434 
2,045 


17 
IS 


Barley threshed or combined. . . . 


-farms reporting 1954... 
1949... 


329 
373 


16 
28 


228 
213 


751 
895 


91 
86 


586 

585 


285 
236 


246 
255 


19 
20 




acres 1954. . . 
1949... 


3,972 
4,620 


143 
163 


4,647 
2,857 


7,910 
10,400 


461 
466 


6,796 
6,685 


5,029 
3,768 


4,098 
4,633 


21 
22 




bushels 1954... 
1949... 


168,353 
183,945 


4,599 

3,910 


121,271 
58,128 


311,922 
371,611 


16, 873 
14,776 


324,927 
260, 100 


221,410 
144,950 


141,663 
146,077 


23 
24 




bushels sold 1954. . . 
1949. . . 


29,821 
30, 318 


330 
80 


92,035 
36,116 


33,510 
59,993 


200 
301 


18,377 
15,734 


39,163 
19,929 


47,306 
56,400 


25 
26 




.farms reporting 1954... 
1949... 


47 
9 


60 
55 


212 
247 


131 

77 


14 
13 


21 

13 


36 
17 


14 
8 


27 
26 




acres 1954. . . 
1949. . . 


456 
53 


451 
305 


2,654 
2,441 


1,194 
431 


63 
37 


* 122 
46 


296 
180 


155 

94 


29 

30 




bushels 1954... 
1949. . . 


12,069 
982 


5,671 
2,678 


46,646 
34,472 


21,719 
7,578 


1,029 

553 


2,685 

970 


7,341 
3,874 


4,154 
1,397 


31 
32 




bushels sold 1954. . . 
1949... 


7,957 

62 


1,969 

311 


29,112 
16,532 


9,379 
914 


191 
6 


905 
355 


2,572 
3,004 


2,446 
254 


33 
34 


Buckwheat threshed or combined. 


.farms reporting 1954... 
1949... 


3 
7 


1 
1 


2 
3 


1 


311 
439 


3 

7 


1 


1 


35 

16 




acres 1954. . . 
1949. . . 


21 
57 


12 
11 


12 
29 


2 


1,319 
1,754 


6 
33 


2 


2 


37 
38 




bushels 1954. . . 
1949... 


280 
1,480 


180 
110 


200 
273 


28 


38,841 
37, 907 


110 

887 


22 


30 


39 
40 




bushels sold 1954. . . 
1949. . . 


180 
120 




125 
63 




17,167 
5,157 


15 
140 






41 
42 


Other grain threshed or 
combined 


.farms reporting 1954... 
1949 . . . 


1 


1 
2 


1 


4 


6 

5 


2 
1 


1 


2 


44 




acres 1954. . . 
1949... 


12 


7 
9 


18 


32 


46 
32 


34 
12 


2 


40 


45 
46 




bushels 1954... 
1949... 


308 


60 
81 


766 


1,130 


1,654 
1,069 


1,500 

300 


20 


585 


47 
48 




bushels sold 1954... 
1949. . . 


308 


30 


766 


120 




200 




85 


49 

50 
51 
52 


Annual leguaea: 

Soybeans grown for all 


.farms reporting 1954... 

1949. . . 

acres 1954. . . 

1949... 


234 

357 

2,719 

3,377 


121 

113 

1,211 

700 


762 

562 

39,087 

13,667 


224 

158 

1,762 

820 


12 
19 
45 
75 


216 

171 

1,680 

1,093 


79 

52 

1,147 

407 


112 

163 

2,885 

3,076 


53 
54 
55 
56 
57 
58 


Harvested for beans 


.farms reporting 1954... 

1949... 

acres 1954. . . 

1949... 

bushels 1954... 

1949. . . 


33 

74 

634 

1,100 

9,450 

22,161 


47 

36 

506 

267 

4,771 

4,236 


752 
513 
38,711 
12,72'. 
727,011 
224,318 


10 

11 

129 

67 

1,664 

1,298 




7 
10 
37 
81 
595 
1,313 


2 

11 

145 

121 

1,987 

1,600 


65 

83 

2,301 

2,140 

37,682 

39,955 


59 
60 
61 
62 
63 
64 




-farms reporting 1954... 

1949... 

acres 1954. . . 

1949... 

tons 1954... 

1949... 


183 
291 
1,482 
2,062 
2,017 
3,492 


72 
62 
581 
293 
703 
331 


33 

88 

216 

537 

195 
715 


174 

139 

1,062 

708 

1,669 

1,332 


4 
7 
11 
16 
14 
27 


139 
129 
703 
620 
1,229 
1,053 


39 

33 

286 

200 
369 

331 


45 
80 
415 
671 
552 
981 


65 
66 

67 

68 


Hogged or grazed, or cut foi 


-farms reporting 1954... 

1949... 

acres 1954. . . 

1949... 


34 

10 

447 

97 


5 

4 

14 

15 


1 

4 

20 

31 


45 

6 

565 

35 


7 
12 
26 
40 


75 

29 

928 

334 


37 

5 

665 

43 


9 

7 
114 
52 


69 

70 
71 
72 


Plowed under for green 


-farms reporting 1954... 

1949... 

acres 1954. . . 

1949... 


12 

13 

156 

118 


16 

21 

110 

125 


10 

49 

140 

375 


2 

1 
6 

10 


1 

1 

8 

19 


4 

8 

12 

58 


5 

7 

51 

43 


3 

17 

55 

213 



MARYLAND 

County Table 9 (Part 2 of 5) —SPECIFIED CROPS HARVESTED: CENSUSES OF 1954 AND 1950-Continued 



183 





Item 
(For definitions and explanations, see text) 


Montgomery 


Prince 
Georges 


Queen 
Annes 


St. Marys 


Somerset 


Talbot 


Washington 


Wicomico 


Worcester 


1 

2 


S»all grains: 

Wheat threshed or combined 


farms reporting 1954. . . 
1949... 


389 
522 


298 
306 


472 
649 


513 
555 


70 
110 


411 
520 


820 
1,064 


56 
94 


86 
148 


3 
4 




acres 1954. . . 
1949 . . . 


8,958 

14,812 


3,539 
4,469 


16,762 
33,405 


5,712 
7,504 


639 
1,218 


15,354 
25,199 


17, 592 

28,002 


631 
1,422 


1,237 
2,190 


5 
6 




bushels 1954. . . 
1949... 


278,698 
300,986 


61,579 
57,476 


363,666 
550,753 


116,799 
108,623 


16,616 
23,853 


376,653 
417,095 


478,651 
587,232 


12, 262 
21, 629 


28,867 
31,326 


7 
B 




bushels sold 1954. . . 
1949... 


251,586 
241,945 


36,733 
26,721 


322,767 
460,488 


76,176 
53,676 


13,595 
15,545 


351,090 
366,383 


390, 377 
451,832 


9,927 
15,528 


24, 781 
24, 125 


9 
10 


Oats threshed or combined 


.farms reporting 1954 — 
1949. . . 


151 
82 


72 

47 


378 
146 


148 
75 


129 
119 


206 
89 


587 
308 


45 
46 


128 
101 


i] 
12 




acres 1954. . . 
1949... 


2,311 
1,138 


814 
581 


6,752 
2,033 


1,270 
551 


1,278 
885 


2,401 

810 


5,812 
2,517 


258 
328 


1,491 
837 


13 
1* 




bushels 1954. . . 
1949... 


89,937 
37,374 


25,016 
16,121 


251,634 
67,747 


49,946 
15,482 


54,724 
25,200 


99,457 
29,282 


233,030 
69,497 


7,353 
7,263 


58,373 
19,710 


15 
16 




bushels sold 1954. . . 
1949... 


8,048 
2,489 


3,981 

910 


59,535 
7,381 


3,874 
1,429 


7,369 
2,077 


18,473 
3,489 


23,111 
8,110 


815 
120 


8,679 
2,893 


17 
I? 




.farms reporting 1954... 
1949... 


190 
220 


39 
32 


288 
236 


147 
88 


80 
56 


294 
258 


684 
731 


57 
38 


84 
42 


19 
20 




acres 1954. . . 
1949... 


3,193 
4,284 


482 
501 


5,563 
4,019 


1,239 
885 


730 
405 


5,021 
3,423 


8,980 
9,044 


845 
329 


1,008 
408 


23 
22 




bushels 1954... 
1949... 


128,253 
141,492 


15,232 
11,157 


166,324 
100,025 


34, 941 
16, 181 


25,125 
11,106 


142,900 
85,776 


378, 535 
304,823 


20,676 
7,635 


26, 274 
9,570 


23 
24 




bushels sold 1954. .. 
1949... 


21,981 
18, 861 


2,110 
1,961 


57,315 
17,727 


2,639 
1,540 


1,650 
328 


48,429 
21,200 


76,579 
68,336 


7,601 
665 


3,348 
386 


25 
26 




-farms reporting 1954... 
1949. . . 


43 
32 


64 

39 


68 

12 


20 
14 


173 
118 


43 

16 


44 
39 


227 

211 


195 
188 


27 
28 




acres 1954. . . 
1949... 


382 

261 


420 
346 


829 
203 


88 
62 


1,582 
929 


531 
129 


396 

189 


2,446 

2,279 


2,430 
1,566 


29 

30 




bushels 1954... 
1949... 


8,979 
3,791 


5,606 
3,353 


15,896 
5,666 


1,391 
802 


34,204 
15,705 


11,261 
2,058 


7,865 
3,572 


40,364 
30,153 


45,928 
22,236 


31 
32 




bushels sold 1954. . . 
1949... 


4,476 
967 


1,687 

805 


9,486 
4,746 


275 
367 


18,186 
6,218 


7,880 
795 


4,384 

700 


24,284 
15, 523 


29,307 
6,492 


33 

34 


Buckwheat threshed or combined. 


-farms reporting 1954... 
1949. . . 


1 




1 


1 


1 
4 






2 


1 
8 


2 

11 


35 
36 




acres 1954. . . 
1949... 


30 




3 


5 


17 

8 






25 


10 
61 


38 
79 


37 
38 




bushels 1954. ■■ 
1949... 


400 




110 


55 


150 
155 






303 


100 
967 


880 
1,854 


39 
40 




bushels sold 1954. . . 
1949 . . . 






110 




15 








80 
320 


720 
150 


41 
42 


Other grain threshed or 
combined 


.farms reporting 1954... 
1949... 


2 

1 


1 


2 
1 


3 

3 


1 
2 






4 


1 
1 




43 
44 




acres 1954 — 
1949... 


48 
28 


1 


39 
3 


26 
69 


1 

12 






40 


4 
3 




45 
46 




bushels 1954... 
1949... 


1,750 
400 


30 


1,028 
13 


438 
525 


30 
550 






1,715 


150 

30 




47 
48 




bushels sold 1954. . . 
1949 . . . 


26 
200 




888 


10 
375 


550 






200 


10 




49 

50 
51 
52 


Annual legones: 

Soybeans grown for all 


-farms reporting 1954... 

1949... 

acres 1954. . . 

1949... 


68 

65 

1,003 

724 


211 

177 

2,298 

1,396 


265 

305 

5,528 

4,283 


452 

155 

6,722 

1,330 


424 

373 

12,639 

6,689 


374 

286 

11,403 

5,345 


43 
41 
254 
337 


822 

597 

21,335 

6,720 


667 

549 

22,549 

10,614 


53 
54 
55 
56 
57 
58 


Harvested for beans 


.farms reporting 1954... 

1949 . . . 

acres 1954 — 

1949... 

bushels 1954... 

1949... 


8 

11 

140 

210 

2,582 

3,055 


72 

34 

985 

341 

11,635 

4,936 


183 

186 

4,435 

2,616 

72,484 

44,227 


383 

62 

5,795 

645 

72,252 

11,074 


401 

282 

12, 140 

5,468 

245,393 

96,652 


353 

219 

11,114 

4,593 

167, 680 

73 , 133 


2 

9 

6 

88 

65 

1,125 


773 

287 

20,655 

4,739 

365,783 

65,325 


635 

400 

21,597 

8,619 

438,597 

146,423 


59 
60 
61 
62 
63 
64 




.farms reporting 1954... 

1949... 

acres 1954 — 

1949... 

tons 1954... 

1949... 


39 

30 

327 

205 

577 
345 


118 
103 
748 
543 
1,008 
677 


110 
135 
859 
994 
1,150 
1,895 


77 
63 
531 
269 
818 
299 


31 
118 
193 
745 
320 
1,092 


22 
73 
106 
434 
120 
575 


28 

22 

167 

97 

256 

170 


92 
356 
419 

1,341 
423 

1,763 


92 
208 
582 

1,136 
778 

1,480 


65 

66 
67 
68 


Hogged or grazed, or cut for 

1949... 

acres 1954. . . 

1949 . . . 


25 

10 

529 

138 


13 

13 
196 
136 


13 
11 
137 
90 


21 

4 

163 

35 


4 
13 
27 
63 


4 
10 
90 
75 


11 

9 

76 

50 


4 
4 
17 
8 


12 

14 

259 

95 


69 


Plowed under for green 


.farms reporting 1954... 

1949... 

acres 1954. . . 

1949... 


2 
16 

7 
171 


37 

56 

369 

376 


9 
32 
97 
583 


27 

57 

233 

381 


19 

52 

279 

413 


8 


3 
9 

5 
102 


16 

79 

244 

632 


12 


70 
71 
72 




' 


31 
93 

43 


81 

HI 
764 



184 



STATISTICS FOR COUNTIES 

County Table 9 ( Part 3 of 5 ) .-SPECIFIED CROPS 





Item 
(For definitions and explanations, see text) 


Th> State 


Allegany 


Anne 
Arundel 


Baltimore 
and Balti- 
more City 


Calvert 


Caroline 


Carroll 


Cecil 


Charles 


1 

2 


Hay crops, excluding soybean hay (see text): 

1949. . . 


447,405 
411,243 


9,667 
8,775 


5,090 
5,616 


30,868 
33,399 


2,178 
2,126 


12,706 
11,650 


44,859 
42,399 


20,947 
18,509 


7,364 
8,140 


3 

4 


Alfalfa and alfalfa mixtures cut for hay 

1949... 


4,982 
4,960 


183 

115 


43 

84 


409 
566 


17 
28 


61 
94 


704 
669 


246 
216 


33 
27 


5 
6 


acres 1954. . . 
1949. . . 


83,440 
63,005 


3,319 
953 


444 
763 


7,026 
8,174 


202 
112 


411 
469 


11,113 
8,430 


3,271 
2,796 


247 
349 


7 
8 


tons 1954. . . 
1949... 


154,964 
140,484 


5,423 
2,012 


570 
1,810 


12,857 
17,812 


446 

207 


588 
984 


19,832 
17,469 


5,813 
6,434 


297 
566 


9 

10 


tons 1954... 


280 
6,889 


13 
221 




33 
662 


1 
7 




28 

510 


17 
172 


1 
3 


11 

12 


Clover, tijnothy, and mixtures of clover and grasses 

1949 . . . 


12,133 
15,258 


378 
500 


169 
183 


1,079 
1,366 


91 
109 


226 

258 


1,629 
1,835 


642 

710 


103 
180 


13 
14 


acres 1954. . . 
1949 . . . 


238,661 

270,600 


5,057 
6,805 


2,075 
2,029 


18,832 
21,888 


701 
805 


2,760 

2,531 


28,473 
31,849 


14,584 
14,791 


1,366 
1,799 


15 
16 


tons 1954. . . 
1949... 


299,316 

384 ,710 


6,815 
8,831 


2,445 
2,475 


23,425 
29,679 


879 
1,098 


3,409 
3,336 


36,207 
45,541 


18,594 
22,665 


1,345 
2,153 


17 




855 


25 


5 


161 


1 


8 


105 


60 


2 


18 


tons 1954... 


15,788 


340 


19 


2,445 


6 


54 


1,738 


1,334 


40 


19 
20 


Lespedeza cut for hay farms reporting 1954. . . 

1949... 


4,092 
4,731 


2 

5 


173 
175 


16 
19 


122 

138 


593 
686 


11 

15 


21 
15 


425 
567 


21 
22 


acres 1954. . . 
1949... 


57,725 
53,560 


45 
37 


1,879 
1,656 


211 
181 


922 

848 


8,843 
8,252 


100 
144 


334 
225 


5,316 
5,671 


23 
24 


tons 1954... 
1949... 


64,206 
66,350 


48 
36 


1,593 
1,969 


179 
276 


862 

1,021 


10,549 
10,225 


96 

173 


302 
278 


4,011 
5,061 


25 




208 




8 


2 


3 


32 






14 


26 


tons 1954... 


2,327 




29 


9 


20 


323 






189 


27 
28 


Oats, wheat, barley, rye, or other small grains 

1949... 


1,282 

545 


45 
21 


32 

16 


68 
35 


10 
7 


31 
32 


84 
22 


101 
27 


16 
9 


29 
30 


acres 1954. . . 
1949 .. . 


10,689 
3,860 


199 
89 


183 
85 


463 
199 


54 
42 


310 
224 


514 
150 


825 
150 


189 
51 


31 
32 


tons 1954. . . 
1949... 


13,751 
4,809 


284 
95 


192 
91 


632 

318 


33 
37 


370 
245 


636 
120 


1,026 

177 


206 
45 


33 


Sold farms reporting 1954. . . 


33 


2 




2 




2 


1 


5 


1 


34 


tons 1954... 


348 


6 




7 




52 


7 


50 


2 


35 
36 


1949... 


2,067 

1,568 


71 
100 


32 
82 


184 
160 


43 
64 


20 
29 


156 
96 


69 

31 


25 
62 


37 
38 


acres 1954. . . 
1949. . . 


32,821 
18,711 


851 
872 


340 
950 


2,855 
2,017 


285 

352 


145 
222 


1,844 
990 


719 
286 


202 

398 


39 
40 


tons 1954. . . 
1949. . . 


36,541 
23,702 


852 
1,050 


280 
1,283 


3,334 
2,524 


248 
394 


158 
238 


2,126 
1,186 


969 
351 


157 
369 


41 




132 






18 


1 




14 


4 


2 


42 


tons 1954... 


2,193 






287 


4 




312 


36 


15 


43 
44 


Grass silage made from grasses, alfalfa, 

or small grains farms reporting 1954. . . 

1949... 


1,123 
317 


13 
2 


8 

1 


59 
40 


2 


23 

4 


156 

47 


41 
17 


= 


45 
46 


i acres 1954. . . 
1949... 


24,069 
5,441 


196 
24 


169 
64 


1,481 
729 


14 


237 
29 


2,815 
816 


1,214 
273 


44 


47 
48 


tons, green weight 1954. . . 
1949... 


126,132 
28,428 


1,072 
60 


847 
384 


7,559 
3,620 


42 


1,589 

97 


18,133 
2,922 


5,541 
1,511 


216 


49 
50 


Glover saed, graaa, and other field aeed crops: 

1949... 


497 
1,404 


6 
24 


2 
6 


32 
112 


1 
2 


38 
20 


56 
223 


15 
36 


5 


51 
52 


acres 1954. . . 
1949... 


6,801 
17,089 


16 
181 


18 
32 


249 

875 


10 
5 


363 
164 


490 
1,794 


249 
592 


36 


53 
54 


bushels 1954. . . 
1949... 


4,851 

10,703 


20 
177 


5 
22 


184 
547 


9 

5 


279 
267 


280 
1,022 


87 
364 


27 


55 

56 


1949... 


909 
916 




5 
2 


1 


6 

5 


268 

227 


2 


1 


23 
38 


57 
58 


acres 1954. . . 
1949... 


17,627 
13,928 




36 
26 


1 


91 
55 


4,207 
2,458 


12 


3 


163 
327 


59 
60 


pounds 1954. . . 
1949... 


3,682,302 

2,770,746 




3,545 
9,000 


350 


9,500 
7,940 


1,129,932 
619,469 


2,240 


40 


20,765 
68,791 


61 




571 


7 


.. 


21 


4 


76 


51 


5 


13 



MARYLAND 



185 



HARVESTED: CENSUSES OF 1954 AND 1950 



Dorchester 


Frederick 


Garrett 


Harford 


Howard 


Kent 


Montgomery 


Prince 
Georges 


Queen 
Annes 


St. Marys 


Somerset 


Talbot 


Washington 


Wicomico 


Worcester 






6,277 
8,984 


70,252 
58,142 


27,606 
26,805 


27,919 
26,786 


20,621 
18,735 


17,735 
15,529 


40,088 
34,846 


9,321 
9,422 


26,207 
19,718 


8,367 
7,869 


4,569 
4,586 


13,707 
11,392 


31,123 
25,352 


3,659 
5,745 


6,275 
6,718 


1 
2 




50 

68 


818 
655 


219 
90 


422 

445 


224 

230 


124 
200 


243 
263 


53 
65 


121 

157 


31 
48 


39 
23 


58 
80 


789 
716 


22 
23 


73 
78 


3 
4 




418 
465 


15,840 
9,265 


3,390 

740 


7,356 
5,692 


4,270 
3,423 


2,050 
2,831 


6,375 
5,639 


1,008 
698 


1,861 
1,811 


250 
295 


244 
117 


677 
908 


12,422 
8,170 


169 
133 


1,077 
772 


5 
f 




848 
1,150 


31,365 
21,423 


5,400 
1,354 


14,992 
14,078 


7,083 
7,298 


4,037 
6,685 


13,102 
13,675 


1,411 
1,428 


4,037 
4,141 


356 
482 


581 
221 


1,311 
1,908 


21,710 
17,444 


328 
234 


2,577 
1,669 


7 
6 




4 
182 


37 
1,100 


16 
237 


15 
350 


23 
474 


7 
1,265 


19 
556 


1 

5 


4 
74 


1 
10 


3 
89 


4 
85 


46 
794 


2 

26 


5 
67 


9 
10 




113 
186 


1,650 
2,075 


1,183 
1,415 


915 
1,131 


442 
552 


381 
439 


569 

756 


184 
292 


455 
541 


132 

174 


113 
172 


293 
308 


871 
1,033 


267 

568 


248 
475 


11 
U 




1,283 
1,833 


41,063 
46,845 


22,031 
25 ,000 


15,790 
19,257 


10,982 
12,691 


11,552 

11,309 


18,324 
22,882 


2,998 
3,356 


12,480 
12,939 


1,530 
1,397 


1,294 

1,407 


6,318 
6,018 


14,900 
16,537 


1,549 
2,982 


2,719 
3,650 


13 
U 




1,652 
2,269 


51,240 

73,001 


28,371 
32,039 


23,278 
31,747 


12,788 
17,429 


13,944 
16,600 


22 ,511 
30,373 


3,977 
4,747 


13,964 
16,402 


2,115 
1,943 


1,891 
2,182 


8,467 
7,435 


15,427 
23,240 


2,334 
3,719 


4,238 
5,806 


15 
It 




6 


55 


47 


53 


63 


18 


64 


14 


41 


6 


9 


42 


40 


18 


12 


17 




36 


1,011 


620 


1,249 


1,343 


485 


1,668 


279 


897 


54 


99 


1,070 


561 


180 


260 


18 




318 
521 


56 
41 




32 
45 


44 

31 


69 
49 


205 
185 


321 
434 


315 
210 


532 
649 


222 
298 


258 
245 


5 

7 


173 
208 


179 
188 


19 
20 




4,263 
6,529 


780 
537 




351 
344 


615 
647 


1,710 
760 


4,469 
3,802 


3,508 
4,328 


7,861 

3,938 


6,094 
6,060 


2,412 
2,690 


5,250 
3,959 


56 
46 


1,339 
1,668 


1,367 
1,238 


21 
22 




6,336 
8,615 


784 
600 




420 
487 


460 
589 


1,867 
968 


4,152 
4,530 


3,139 
4,541 


8,230 
4,634 


6,932 
7,597 


3,540 
4,729 


6,207 
5,390 


38 
80 


1,972 
2,453 


2,489 
2,098 


23 

24 




17 


1 




1 




3 


21 


16 


14 


30 


11 


8 




17 


10 


25 




343 


2 




12 




40 


354 


210 


247 


147 


135 


103 




72 


92 


26 




17 
17 


231 
26 


77 
38 


112 
26 


45 
12 


24 


95 
14 


33 
16 


39 
13 


15 
8 


29 
31 


7 
6 


97 
26 


38 

72 


36 
62 


.7 
28 




182 
132 


2,090 
321 


300 
132 


787 
138 


479 

86 


363 
69 


1,558 
339 


240 
105 


489 

177 


188 
69 


211 
251 


39 
110 


663 

170 


151 
344 


212 
427 


29 

30 




191 
195 


2,947 

477 


375 
133 


1,012 

182 


686 
124 


217 

115 


2,039 
395 


259 
107 


532 
270 


232 
68 


328 
287 


60 
111 


941 
173 


211 
425 


342 
619 


31 
32 






2 


1 


3 


2 




4 


1 


1 


1 


3 




1 


1 




}:• 






14 


8 


11 


14 




92 


20 


30 


5 


18 




9 


3 




34 




13 
29 


397 
108 


59 

85 


106 
69 


126 
72 


45 
26 


232 
100 


66 
96 


119 
30 


25 
23 


19 
22 


52 
29 


105 
74 


44 
115 


59 
66 


35 
36 




85 

213 


6,513 
1,866 


650 
961 


968 
727 


1,903 
1,527 


1,407 
459 


6,540 
2,329 


1,138 
1,034 


2,698 
666 


235 

138 


210 
99 


994 
523 


1,412 
811 


382 

760 


445 
491 


37 

36 




99 
283 


8,120 
2,725 


633 

1,110 


1,236 
1,043 


1,776 
1,856 


1,331 

654 


7,992 
2,912 


880 
1,118 


2,100 
1,186 


249 
149 


241 

127 


1,060 
616 


1,483 
970 


592 
946 


625 

612 


39 

40 




1 


17 


3 


5 


5 


2 


20 


5 


6 


4 


2 


15 


2 


4 


2 


41 




9 


268 


28 


17 


92 


42 


507 


36 


95 


72 


5 


276 


16 


63 


13 


42 




4 


209 
31 


96 
75 


107 
44 


76 
15 


34 
8 


91 

10 


15 
2 


29 

2 


3 
1 


20 
1 


20 
2 


94 

11 


10 


11 
4 


43 
44 




46 


3,966 

377 


1,235 
898 


2,667 
997 


2,372 
438 


653 

143 


2,822 
263 


429 
60 


818 
44 


70 
28 


198 
3 


429 

15 


1,670 
112 


69 


455 

128 


46 




255 


19,497 
1,957 


8,058 
4,581 


12,661 
7,994 


11,939 
2,019 


2,942 
618 


16,009 
1,215 


2,091 
109 


4,116 
85 


535 
50 


930 
15 


1,746 
65 


8,630 
676 


188 


1,536 
450 


47 
48 




11 
18 


47 

192 


3 
17 


28 
132 


15 
96 


43 

106 


28 
92 


4 
6 


52 

75 


20 
10 


8 
14 


67 
123 


7 
48 


4 
16 


10 
31 


49 
50 




103 
191 


665 
2,308 


16 
106 


276 
1,225 


227 
1,200 


618 
2,127 


527 
1,682 


71 
50 


1,029 
1,577 


157 
80 


77 
73 


1,265 
1,881 


55 
492 


18 
194 


102 
222 


51 
52 




189 
90 


441 
1,250 


9 
124 


354 
999 


87 
665 


463 

1,311 


384 
1,095 


58 

37 


521 
598 


208 

117 


146 
127 


936 

1,118 


40 
370 


19 
176 


132 
195 


53 
54 




202 

241 


2 






2 


5 
7 


9 

17 


9 
20 


71 
67 


104 
75 


16 
36 


172 
147 


2 


5 

5 


13 
20 


55 
56 




5,746 
5,609 


11 






11 


103 
132 


137 
230 


57 
121 


1,326 
1,110 


1,018 
593 


77 
206 


4,543 
2,662 


4 


39 
54 


81 
104 


57 
58 


1 


208,080 
196,975 


1,875 






1,383 


4,600 
22,965 


13,900 
39,403 


10,050 
35,297 


229,818 
142,380 


191,256 
87,620 


19,225 
29,738 


814,466 
457,441 


1,000 


8,280 
16,750 


18,535 
30,439 


59 

(-0 




7 


55 


= 


13 


93 




85 


65 


2 


15 


19 


6 


2 


1 


5 


■ •1 



186 



STATISTICS FOR COUNTIES 



County Table 9 (Part 4 of 5 ) .-SPECIFIED CROPS 





Item 
(For definitions and explanations, see text) 


The State 


Allegany 


Anne 
Arundel 


Baltimore 
and Balti- 
more City 


Calvert 


Caroline 


Carroll 


Cecil 


Charles 


1 

2 


Other field crops: 

1949. . . 


5,585 
5,741 




834 

830 


1 


1,162 

1,115 


4 
6 




5 


1,181 
1,250 


3 
4 


acres 1954. . . 
1949... 


47,645 
46,885 




8,904 
8,506 


16 


8,518 
8,117 


15 
19 




3 


9,700 
9,285 


5 
6 


pounds 1954. . . 
1949. . . 


38,297,862 
35,532,656 




7,105,544 
6,416,292 


11 000 


6,800,444 
5,993,127 


17,840 
13,900 




6,231 


8,220,843 
7,367,933 


7 

a 


Irish potatoes harvested for home use or 

1949... 


10,207 
12,938 


351 
527 


382 
340 


310 
716 


714 
593 


477 
408 


839 
1,382 


199 
271 


620 
704 


10 


acres 1954 1 . . 
1949 2 .. 


4,580 
9,259 


82 
188 


89 

216 


158 
468 


42 

88 


106 
82 


123 

431 


74 
74 


37 
141 


11 
L2 


bushels 1954. . . 
1949... 


747,206 

1,338,394 


10,424 
16,760 


11,245 
21,636 


14,178 
52,818 


10,068 
9,786 


15,823 
11,594 


19,689 
49,046 


14,919 
13,316 


7,995 
16,126 


13 

14 


Sweetpotatoes harvested for heme use or 

1949... 


4,603 
4,272 


68 
53 


304 
222 


39 

104 


546 
333 


324 
216 


229 
231 


59 
53 


297 
336 


15 
16 


acres 1954 * . . 
1949 '.. 


4,244 
5,999 




557 
688 


11 
14 


13 
19 


59 
95 


1 


2 


3 
19 


17 

18 


bushels 1954. . . 
1949... 


859,588 
873,082 


242 

155 


87,825 
107,541 


677 
2,015 


4,776 
3,337 


10,721 
14,045 


783 
1,020 


216 

424 


1,814 
3,432 


19 


Other field crops harvested acres 1954. . . 

Vegetables for hoae use and for sale (other than Irish 


3,408 


5 


93 


108 


25 


342 


600 


93 


25 


20 


and aveet potatoes): 

Vegetables harvested for home 

1949... 


24,156 
27,994 


708 
827 


890 
1,025 


1,475 
2,027 


935 
881 


1,051 
1,279 


1,920 
2,291 


824 
929 


1,163 
1,209 


22 

23 


Vegetables harvested for sale... farms reporting 1954 — 

1949... 


5,345 

7,711 


87 
87 


149 

185 


392 

541 


6 

5 


508 
786 


500 
680 

7,201 
8,373 


210 

288 


9 
17 


24 
25 


acres 1954 — 
1949... 


94,078 
99,869 


284 
259 


1,840 
2,879 


7,580 
9,517 


17 
1 


9,533 
9,652 


4,549 
3,745 


24 
30 


26 
27 


Sold dollars 1954. . . 

1949... 


10,838,366 
9,808,008 


62,115 
52,992 


243,697 
425,713 


1,193,656 
1,327,121 


2,536 
852 


972,135 

801, 854 


525,516 
601, 143 


297,479 
253,372 


7,670 
6,257 


28 
29 


Snap beans (bush and pole 

1949... 


969 
1,232 


38 
34 


25 

49 


146 
229 


3 

1 


18 
26 


53 
119 


10 
10 


3 
3 


30 
31 


acres 1954. . . 
1949. . . 


12,975 
13,471 


31 
15 


179 
664 


1,552 
2,537 


1 
(Z) 


359 

274 


505 
1,039 


31 
5 


2 
2 


12 
33 


1949 . . . 


533 
734 


23 

11 


19 
29 


91 
98 


3 

1 


44 
56 


19 
24 


12 
12 


2 

1 


34 
35 


acres 1954. . . 
1949... 


6,443 
8,835 


13 
2 


10 
60 


162 
142 


1 

(z) 


1,920 
2,277 


26 

102 


56 
2 


(Z) 

(z) 


36 

37 


1949... 


285 
428 


19 

27 


45 

80 


71 
119 


2 

1 


8 
15 


10 
13 


7 
9 


1 

6 


38 
39 


acres 1954. . . 
1949... 


592 

797 


10 
16 


136 

181 


200 
359 


1 
(Z) 


2 

14 


19 
6 


2 
3 


(Z) 

4 


40 

..1 


Cantaloups and muskmelons. .. .farms reporting 1954... 

1949... 


721 
722 


18 
4 


98 
104 


42 

18 


1 
1 


45 
56 


2 


6 
4 


5 
4 


42 
43 


acres 1954 — 
1949... 


1,969 
2,373 


14 
3 


267 
334 


64 
28 


(z) 
(z) 


139 
172 


2 


19 

1 


3 
2 


44 
45 


Sweet corn farms reporting 1954 — 

1949... 


2,506 
3,467 


64 
70 


74 
96 


314 

397 


5 
2 


161 
286 


321 
467 


175 
249 


6 

8 


46 
47 


acres 1954. . . 
1949... 


33,019 
34,105 


96 
120 


261 

257 


2,036 
1,947 


8 
1 


3,180 
3,300 


3,740 
4,048 


3,378 
3,137 


9 

14 


48 
49 


Cucumbers and pickles farms reporting 1954 — 

• 1949... 


1,346 
2,029 


23 
11 


32 
63 


47 
64 


2 
1 


172 
276 


6 

1 


1 
2 


1 

1 


50 
51 


acres 1954.. . 
1949... 


3,863 
6,448 


8 
3 


41 
84 


39 
55 


(z) 
(z) 


518 
866 


2 

(Z) 


(Z) 

(z) 


(Z) 

(z) 


52 
53 


Green peas farms reporting 1954 — 

1949... 


493 
582 


8 

4 


2 

19 


55 
78 


2 

1 


26 
36 


iei 

245 


16 
14 


1 


54 
55 


acres 1954 — 
1949... 


8,574 
4,827 


2 

1 


2 

12 


498 
396 


1 
(Z) 


1,345 
567 


2,043 

2,181 


331 

88 


(z) 


56 
57