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Full text of "United States census of business, 1954"

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Given By 



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I . S. DKHARTMKNT OF COMMKRCK 
Sinclair Weeks, Seerelar\ 



K 5 BUREAU OF THE CENSUS 
Riiherl W. Burgess, Director 



UNITED STATES 



Census of Business : 1954 



Volume III 



WHOLESALE TRADE— SUMMARY STATISTICS 

Size of Establishment or Firm, Credit, Class of Customer, 

Warehouse and Cold Storage Space, Commodity-Line Sales, 

Legal Form of Organization, Petroleum Bulk Plants and Terminals, 

and Miscellaneous Subjects 

and 

PUBLIC WAREHOUSES 

Revenue, Space, Occupancy, Employment, Payroll, and size 



Prepared under the supervision of 

HARVEY KAILIN 

Chief, Business Division 



UMTED STATES GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE 
WASHINGTON : 1957 







Boston Public Library 



K, 3 




SupeHn*""''-"'- nf Dnrumentu 

APR 2 8 1958 



BUREAU OF THE CENSUS 

ROBERT W. BURGESS, Director 

A. Ross EcKLER, Deputy Director 
Howard C. Grieves, Assistant Director 
Conrad Taeuber, Assistant Director 

Jack B. Robertson, Special Assistant 
Morris H. Hansen, Assistant Director for Statistical Standards 
Walter L. Kehres, Assistant Director for Administration 
Calvert L. Dedrick, Chief, International Statistical Programs Office 
A. W. VON Struve, Acting Public Information Officer 

Business Division — Harvey Kailin, Chiej 

Wholesale Trade Branch — John Albright, Chiej 

Retail Trade Branch— Henry Wulff, Chief 

Service Trade Branch — Louis Greenberg, Chief 

Statistical Methods Branch — Ralph S. Woodruff, Chief 

Procedures and Processing Branch — Franic A. Cirillo, Chief 

Current Surveys Branch — James W. Turbitt, Chief 
Economic Operations Division — M. D. Bingham, Chief 

Irving Weiss, Assisiani Chief 

Administrative Service Division — Everett H. Burke, Chief 

Agriculture Division — Ray Hurley, Chief 

Budget and Management Division — Charles H. Alexander, Chief 

Field Division — Robert B. Voight, Chief 

Foreign Trade Division — J. Edward Ely, Chief 

Geography Division — Clarence E. Batschelet, Chief 

Governments Division — Allen D. Manvel, Chief 

Housing Division— Wayne F. Daugherty, Chief 

Industry Division — Maxwell R. Conklin, Chief 

Machine Tabulation Division — C. F. Van Aken, Chief 

Personnel Division — Horace H. Carroll, Chief 

Population Division — Howard G. Brunsman, Chief 

Statistical Reports Division — Edwin D. Goldfield, Chief 

Statistical Research Division — William N. Hurwitz, Chief 

Transportation Division — Donald E. Church, Chief 

This volume comprises the 1954 Census of Business Wholesale Trade Subject Bulletins, Series W-2, 

and related supplementary materials. 



SUGGESTED IDENTIFICATION 

U. S. Bureau of the Census. U. S. Census of Business; 19i4. 

Vol. HI. Wholesale Trade— Summary Statistics and Public Warehouses 

U. S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D. C, 1957 



For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington 25, D. C, 
or any of the Field Offices of the Department of Commerce. - Price $S.OO 



PREFACE 

This is one of a series of volumes presenting final results of the 1954 Census of Business for Wholesale, 
Retail, and Selected Service Trades. Statistics for Wholesale Trade are contained in two volumes. Volume 
IV and this volume which also contains information on Public Warehouses. The 1954 Census, which was con- 
ducted by mail canvass of business establishments and by use of Internal Revenue Service records (see 
"Method of Enumeration" in Introduction), was authorized by law under Title 13, United States Code, Sec- 
tion 131. Previous business censuses covered the years 1929, 1933, 1935, 1939, and 1948. 

Important to the conduct of the 1954 Census of Business was the cooperation of the Bureau of Old-Age and 
Survivors Insurance and the Internal Revenue Service in permitting use of certain records, thus making pos- 
sible a material reduction in the cost of enumerating the Census. We wish also to acknowledge the assist- 
ance of many private and public organizations in the planning phase of the census and the excellent coopera- 
tion of some 1,750,000 business establishments in completing the required Census forms. 

The advice of trade associations, individual businessmen, research and marketing organizations, and gov- 
ernment agencies was invaluable in determining the feasibility of collecting various types of data and the 
methods for minimizing the burden of reporting, as well as in determining the types of information which 
would be of greatest value. Especially helpful was the Advisory Council on Federal Reports, which through 
special panels of business experts advised and assisted in the development of inquiries. Because of budget- 
ary and other limitations, it was not possible to collect all of the data recommended by these groups. Time- 
ly publicity given to the Business Census by Chambers of Commerce, business organizations, trade papers, 
local newspapers, and television and radio stations aided greatly in informing businessmen of the nature and 
objectives of the census and facilitated the collection of Census reports. 

Primary responsibility for the 1954 Census of Business program was centered in the Business Division 
of the Census Bureau, under the direction of Harvey Kailin, Chief of the Division. John Albright, Chief of 
the Wholesale Trade Branch, supervised the wholesale trade segment of the Business Census. He was as- 
sisted by Robert Viehman, Assistant Chief of the Wholesale Trade Branch, Earl B. Wiley, Elizabeth S. Owen, 
and Charles Settlemyer. Maurice Haven served as Assistant Branch Chief until September 18, 1955. 

Processing of the 1954 Census of Business reports was performed by the Economic Operations Division, 
under the supervision of M. D. Bingham, Division Chief, and Irving Weiss, Assistant Chief. Max Van Horn, 
then Chief of the Wholesale Branch, was responsible for processing Wholesale Trade ; ?ports and tabula- 
tions. He was assisted by Blynn T. Shafer and Eugene L. Wendt. 

In the Field Division, Jack B. Robertson, then Chief of the Division; Ivan G. Munro, Assistant Chief; and 
Arthur Cook, then Chief of the Economic Census Branch, directed the field work for the Census of Business. 

Important functions were also performed by the Machine Tabulation Division under C. F. Van Aken, Chief; 
Mrs. Catherine M. Neafsey, Chief of the Economics Section, was responsible for machine tabulation tech- 
niques and procedures used in Wholesale Trade tabulations. 

Julius Shiskin, Chief Economic Statistician in the Office of the Assistant Director for Statistical Stand- 
ards, as well as Harold T. Goldstein and Irving Rottenberg of that office, contributed to the coordination of 
the Business Census with the Censuses of Manufactures and Mineral Industries and to several phases of the 
planning and processing of the Censuses. 

Geography Division personnel participating in various phases of Business Census work were Clarence E. 
Batschelet, Chief; Robert Klove, Assistant Chief; and William T. Fay, Chief, Survey Planning Branch. 

Donald K. Heiser, Chief of the Electronics Systems Branch, assisted by Rudolph M. Micoly, Chief of Op- 
erations for the Branch, was responsible for planning and use of electronic computor and accompanying 
high-speed printer equipment. Robert H. Brooks, Chief, Graphics Branch, was responsible for preparing 
Census of Business publications for reproduction. Mrs. Elma Beynon of the Statistical Reports Division 
reviewed all text material and table forms, and assisted on publications problems. 

September 1957 

III 



Chapter 

1. United States Summary. 
*2. Sales Size. 
'3. Employment Size. 
*4. Single Units and Multiunits. 



1954 CENSUS OF BUSINESS FINAL REPORTS 
Volume I: RETAIL TRADH— SUMMARY STATISTICS 

^"). Legal Fnrm ui Orgiini/.uion 

6. Miscellaneous. 
^'7. Terntories ni Alaska and Hawaii. 



'Also issued as separate reports in bulletin -series R 



Volume II: RETAIL TRADE— AREA STATISTICS 



United States summary and separate chapters fur (.ach State, tht- Dis- 
trict of Columbia, Alaska, and Hawaii. Statistics by counties, cities, and 
standard metropolitan areas, and by kind of business; with cross classifica- 



tion by kind of business for standard metropolitan areas and for cities 
and counties with "){)() or more retail establishments. (Chapters *also are 
issued as separate reports m bulletin series R- 1 . ) 



Volume III: WHOLESALE TRADE— SUMMARY STATISTICS, AND PUBLIC WAREHOUSES 



VCHOLESALE TRADE 

Chaptei 

1. United States Summary. 
*2. Size of Establishment ur Fiim. 
*3. Credit, Receivables, Bad-Debt Losses. 
*4. Sales by Cla.ss of Customer. 
*5. Warehouse and Cold Storage Space. 
*6. Commodity Line Sales. 

''Alsd issued iis separnU' ivports in Itilllt'lin series W 2, 



Chaptei 

■', Lefjal Fiirin of Organization 

*,S. Petroleum Bulk Plants anil Termmals 

9. Miscellaneiurs. 

*l(l. Territories of Alask.i .ind Hawaii. 

« PUBLIC WAREHOUSES 



Volume IV: WHOLESALE TRADE— AREA STATISTICS 



L'nited States summary and separate chapters for each State, the Dis- 
trict of Columbia. Alaska, and Hawaii, Statistics by counties, cities, and 
stanil.ird metropolitan .ireas. and by kind of business; with cross classitita- 



tion by kind of business for standard metropolitan areas, and for counties 
and cities with 100 or more wholesale establishments. (Chapters also are 
issued .IS separate reports in bulletin series ^X'-I.) 



Volume V: SELECTED SERVICE TRADES -SUMMARY STATISTICS 



Chaiilei 

1. United States Summary. 
*2. Receipts Size. 
"i. Employment Si/e. 
*4. Single L'nits and Multiunits. 
^'5. Legal Form of Organi/.ition. 

''Also issued Ha separate repnits in lailletin 



rhaplei 

*6. Hotels; Motels and Tourist Courts. 

■•■7. Power Laundries, Cleaning and Dyeing Plants, and Related Services. 
*H. Motion Pictures, 
y. Miscellaneous. 
* Id Territories of Alaska anil Hawaii. 



Volume VI: SELECTED SERVICE TRADES— AREA STATISTICS 



United Stales summ.iry and .separ,ite ihapters for eaili State, the Dis- 
trict of Columbia. Alaska, and Hawaii. Statistics by Counties, cities, and 
standard metrcipolitan are. is. .ind bv kind of business; with i ross ilassihca- 



tion by kind of business for standard metropolitan areas and for cities 
and counties with 2(10 or more service establishments. (Chapters al.so 
.ire issued .is separate report, in bulletin scries S-l.) 



CENTRAL BUSINESS DISTRICT BULLETINS 



C:enti.d business tlistrict st.itisiics .irc puhlished in .i series ot sepal. ite 
bulletins comprising a report for each of yj selected l.irgi cities. These 
bulletins are not bound in .i volume. Bulletins cont.iin comparative 
19^-1 and I'J'lK data on number of establishments, volume of sales (or 
receipts), and annual payroll for all retail stores and about l") kinds of 



ret. ill business, .ind for hotels .iiul motion puture the.iters. Are.is for 
which il.it.i .ire presented include the central business district, the i iH in 
whuh It IS located, the standard metropolitan area containing the iity, 
the otv outside the tentr.d business district, .ind the st.ind.ird nu tiopoht.ui 
.ire.i outside the central business district. 



CONTENTS 

(See Appendix I for contents of all 195'4 Census of Business volumes) 

This volume presents summary information on Wholesale Trade (Chapters 1-10) and Public Warehouses (Chapter 11). 
Chapter 11 contains all explanatory and analjrtical text relating to Public Warehouses as well as the tabular material. 
A table of contents appears in each chapter and provides titles of all tables and special finding aids including in the 
chapter. Pages within each chapter have been numbered independently. Page numbers consist of two parts, the first part 

being the chapter number; thus 1-A represents page A of Chapter 1 (United States Summary) and 8-3 represents page 3 of 
Chapter 8 (Petroleum Bulk Plants and Terminals). 

WHOLESALE TRADE (CHAPTERS 1-10) 

Introduction: Page 

Establishment basis of the Census 1 

Kinds of business covered in wholesale trade 1 

Method of enumeration 1 

Classification of wholesale establishments 1 

Report forms 1 

Comparison of 194^8 and 195-4 Censuses 1 

Confidentiality of data 3 

Summary of findings, including list of text tables and charts ^ 

List of corrections 29 

Chapter 

1 United States Summary 1-1 

2 Size of Establishment or Firm 2-1 

3 Credit, Receivables, Bad-Debt Losses 3-1 

K Sales by Class of Customer "4-1 

5 Warehouse and Cold Storage Space 5-1 

6 Commodity Line Sales 6-1 

7 Legal Form of Organization 7-1 

8 Petroleum Bulk Plants and Terminals 8-1 

9 Miscellaneous 9-1 

10 Alaska and Hawaii 10-1 

PUBLIC WAREHOUSES (CHAPTER 11 ) 

Table of Contents 11-2 

Introduction 11-5 

Summary of findings 11-5 

Report forms 11-15 

Charts 11-6 

Tables 11-21 

APPENDIXES 

Appendix A, Provisions of Law Relating to the 195'4 Census of Business APP-2 

Appendix B. Classification of Wholesale Establishments by Type of Operation and Kind of Business ,. . . . APP-3 

Appendix C. Comparison of Standard Industrial Classifications and 1954^ Census Classifications of Wholesale Trade APP-19 

Appendix D. Comparison of 195-4 and 19-48 Classifications by Type of Operation and Kind of Business APP-22 

Appendix E. Kind of Business Detail for Wholesale Trade Area Statistics APP-25 

Appendix F. Explanation of Terms APP-27 

Appendix G. Standard Metropolitan Areas APP-30 

Appendix H. Report Forms APP-35 

Appendix I. Contents of 195<4 Census of Business Volumes APP-'46 

V 



INTRODUCTION 



The 1954 Census of Business, along with the 1951 Censuses of 
Manufactures and Mineral Industries, was authorized by law under 
Title 13, United States Code, Section 131 (see Appendix A). These 
1954 Censuses covered businesses operated in continental United 
States, Alaska, and Hawaii. Separate Censuses of Business and 
Manufactures for 1954 were also conducted in Puerto Rico jointly 
with the Commonwealth Government. 

The 1954 Census of Business covered Wholesale Trade, Re- 
tail Trade, Selected Service Trades, and Public Warehouses. 
This volume, except for Chapter 11 which presents separate in- 
formation for Public Warehouses, provides findings for that por- 
tion of the 1954 Census of Business which relates to Wholesale 
Trade. 

ESTABLISHMENT BASIS OF THE CENSUS 

Census of Business figures represent a summary of reports 
for individual "establishments" rather than "companies." A sep- 
arate report was obtained for each location, with one or more 
paid employees, at which business was conducted, including each 
location of multiunit organizations. Each report was tabulated 
in accordance with the location at which the business was con- 
ducted. A separate report was also obtained for administrative 
offices, district offices, central warehouses and other auxiliary 
units servicing sales establishments of multiunit organizations. 
Data for administrative offices and other auxiliary units are 
presented in Tables 9K and 9L of Chapter 9 but they are omitted 
from other tables on Wholesale Trade. 

KINDS OF BUSINESS COVERED IN WHOLESALE TRADE 

This volume, except Chapter 11, covers all establishments 
which reported any paid employment during 1954 and which were 
included in Wholesale Trade as defined in the Standard Industrial 
Classification Manual , Volume II, Nonmanufacturing Industries, 
1949 edition, issued by the Bureau of the Budget, Executive Of- 
fice of the President, with the exception of milk bottling plants 
which, in conformity with a subsequent action of the Bureau of 
the Budget, have been classified in the manufacturing industries. 

Wholesale Trade as defined in the Standard Industrial Classi - 
fication Manual , and as covered in the 1954 Census, includes es- 
tablishments or places of business primarily engaged in selling 
merchandise directly to retailers; to industrial, commercial, 
institutional or professional users; or to other wholesalers; or 
acting as agents in buying merchandise for, or selling mer- 
chandise to, such persons or companies. 

Wholesale Trade is divided, in the Standard Industrial Classi - 
fication Manual , into two parts: "Merchant wholesalers," and 
"Wholesale trade, other than merchant wholesalers." "Merchant 
wholesalers" includes establishments usually known as whole- 
salers—merchant wholesalers or jobbers primarily engaged in 
buying, taking title to and, when customary, physically storing and 
handling the goods sold. Also included in this group are industrial 
goods distributors, foreign trade merchants, cash-and-carry 
wholesalers, drop shippers and wagon (truck) distributors. 
"Wholesale trade, other than merchant wholesalers" includes 
four general types of establishments; Sales branches and sales 
offices of manufacturing and mining companies; petroleum bulk 
plants and terminals; merchandise agents and brokers; and as- 
semblers of farm products. 

METHOD OF ENUMERATION 

Information for establishments primarily in Wholesale Trade 
was obtained by means of a mail canvass. Report forms were 
mailed to all business firms included in the active records of the 



Internal Revenue Service as subject to payment of Federal In- 
surance Contributions Act (FICA) taxes (i.e., employers of one 
or more persons) and which were classified in the records of the 
Bureau of Old- Age and Survivors Insurance (BOASI) as wholly or 
partially engaged in wholesale, public warehousing, retail, manu- 
facturing, mineral industries, and in ma jor groups 70, 72, 73, 75, 
76, 78, and 79 of the Service portion of the Standard Industrial 
Classification Manual . In addition, report forms were mailed to 
all establishments which BOASI had not classified by kind of 
business prior to mailing of Census report forms. Each estab- 
lishment was mailed a report form appropriate to its BOASI clas- 
sification (for those cases for which BOASI classification had not 
yet been established, a general purpose form was used) but its 
1954 Census classification was determined by replies to questions 
on the Census report form. 

Unincorporated businesses without paid employees are not in- 
cluded in Wholesale Trade as measured in this volume. Their 
importance, however, is indicated in table Y on page 21. 

CLASSIFICATION OF WHOLESALE ESTABLISHMENTS 

Although kind-of- business classifications assigned by the Bu- 
reau of Old-Age and Survivors Insurance were used as a basis for 
distributing appropriate Census report forms, establishments 
are classified in the Wholesale Census on the basis of informa- 
tion contained in their Census reports. Each wholesale estab- 
lishment is classified on two bases: (1) by type of operation — 
merchant wholesalers, manufacturers' sales branches or sales 
offices, petroleum bulk plants or terminals, merchandise agents 
or brokers, or assemblers of farm products and (2) by kind of 
business —grocery wholesaler, drug wholesaler, grain merchant, 
etc. Classification in the 1954 Census is in accordance with the 
Standard Industrial Classification system developed under the 
auspices of the United States Bureau of the Budget, except that 
separately incorporated sales affiliates of manufacturing and 
mining companies have been classified in the Census generally 
as sales branches or sales offices, rather than as merchant 
wholesalers. Exceptions to this general rule occur, as ex- 
plained in Part B of Appendix B, in the wholesale electrical goods 
trade and in oil well supply houses and steel warehouses. 

Classification of wholesale establishments by type of opera- 
tion and kind of business is described in detail in Appendix B. 
A comparison of the 1954 Census classification and the Standard 
Industrial Classification is shown in Appendix C. 

REPORT FORMS 

Twenty-five report forms were used in enumerating wholesale 
establishments in connection with the 1954 Census of Business: 
13 for enumerating merchant wholesalers and assemblers of farm 
products; 10 for manufacturers' sales branches and sales offices; 
one for merchandise agents and brokers; and one for petroleum 
bulk plants and terminals. Each form was designed to cover a 
group of related kinds of business, for example: Food, beverage, 
tobacco wholesalers; Drugs, chemicals, paint wholesalers; Dry 
goods, textiles, apparel wholesalers; Electrical, electronic, ap- 
pliance goods distributors, etc. A list of the forms is given in 
Appendix H, together with reproductions of several of them. 



COMPARISON OF 1948 AND 1954 CENSUSES 

The latest Census of Business prior to 1954 covered operations 
during the year 1948. A comparison of 1954 and 1948 classifica- 
tions appears in Appendix D. The 1948 and 1954 Business Cen- 
suses differed in several respects, which to some degree affect 
comparability of the data for Wholesale Trade. In the case of 



WHOLESALE TRADE-SUMMARY STATISTICS 



some of these differences (Items 1, 2, and 3 below) it has been 
feasible to revise the 1948 data (except as noted in some text 
tables) so as to make them comparable with the data for 1954. 
Table IC, page 1-17, presents summary comparisons by type of 
operation and kind of business. 

The more important revisions and differences are as follows: 

(1) The 1948 Census figures reproduced herein, except as 
otherwise noted, have been revised to the 1954 basis by exclud- 
ing establishments with no paid employment during the Census 
year. In 1948, this class of establishments accounted for some 
25,000 establishments in the UnitedStates with sales for the year 
of approximately $2.9 billion, or less than two percent of the total 
wholesale trade sales volume. 

(2) The definition of Wholesale Trade in the 1954 Census dif- 
fers from that of the 1948 and previous Censuses by the exclu- 
sion of wholesale milk bottling plants. The 1948 data shown in 
this and other 1954 Census of Business publications, except as 
otherwise noted, have been revised to the 1954 basis and will dif- 
fer in this respect from the results in previously issued 1948 
Census of Business publications. For 1954, data for plants pre- 
viously classified as wholesale milk bottling plants are included 
in reports of the Census of Manufactures. 

(3) The general policy of classifying separately incorporated 
sales subsidiaries of manufacturing companies primarily engaged 
in selling the products of theparent company as "Manufacturers' 
sales branches and sales offices" rather than "Merchant whole- 
salers" has been followed more completely in the 1954 Census 
than in previous Censuses. Inquiries new on the 1954 report 
forms were designed to make clear the establishment's rela- 
tionship to a parent company, and to determine whether products 
sold by the establishment were made by the same or other com- 
panies. As in 1948, certain separately incorporated sales sub- 
sidiaries of manufacturing companies with characteristics re- 
lated to merchant wholesalers have been classified as merchant 
wholesalers in the following kinds of businesses: iron and steel 
products distributors, oil-well supply houses and electrical ap- 
paratus, supplies distributors. 

(4) The adoption of the mail canvass method in the 1954 Cen- 
sus, described under METHOD OF ENUMERATION, above, made 
it feasible to systematically include "non-recognizable" estab- 
lishments in the coverage of the Census. This class of estab- 
lishments consists of businesses, which in a field enumeration 
such as was used in previous Censuses, would not have been 
located by enumerators in the course of their canvass because 
of not having the appearance of a place of business. Businesses 
operated from the home, or on an itinerant basis, are the most 
frequently occurring examples of "nonrecognizable" business- 
es. However, differences between the two Censuses in this re- 
spect should be minor since the use of records of the Bureau of 
Old- Age and Survivors Insurance as a coverage check in the 1948 
Census operations made it possible to account for a substantial 
portion of the "nonrecognizable" wholesale establishments with 
payroll in that Census. 

(5) Several changes were made in the wholesale fish and sea- 
food classifications, 1954 compared with 1948. Two classes of 
such establishments were identified in the 1948 Census: "Fish 
and seafood " in the Merchant Wholesalers classification, and 
"Fish, seafoods " under Assemblers (mainly farm products). 
Establishments filleting and eviscerating fish and selling the 
products at wholesale were included either as assemblers or 
merchant wholesalers, according to their method of operation. 
Oyster shucking businesses were included in "fish, seafoods" 
under Assemblers (mainly farm products). 

In 1954, oyster shucking businesses and establishments fillet- 
ing and eviscerating fish were covered in the Census of Manu- 
factures and not in Wholesale Trade. Any other fish, seafood 
establishments formerly included under Assemblers (mainly 
farm products) were classified as "fish, seafood distributors" 
under Merchant Wholesalers. 

(6) Special care was exercised in the 1954 Census to include in 
manufacturing industries, rather than in wholesale trade, poultry 
dressing establishments primarily deriving their receipts from 



poultry dressing at the plant. In the 1948 Census, it was not 
always possible to distinguish such establishments from " Poultry, 
poultry products distributors." 

(7) A changewasmadein 1954 in the classification of "Lumber, 
millwork wholesalers." In the 1948 Census, sales to general 
contractors and builders were considered as "wholesale" sales 
and establishments primarily engaged in making such sales were 
considered as wholesale distributors. Establishments with sales 
primarily to "other contractors" (i.e., special tradecontractors) 
however, were classified in Retail Trade. For purposes of the 
1954 Census, sales to contractors— whether general or special 
trade contractors— have been considered as retail and establish- 
ments primarily engaged in making such sales are classified in 
Retail Trade. 

(8) Establishments identified as "Electronic parts, equipment 
distributors" represent a new classification first appearing in 
the 1954 Census. Many of the establishments in this classifica- 
tion are new, not having been in business in 1948. Others were 
classified in 1948 as wholesalers of electrical appliances and 
specialties. 

(9) The classification "Stationery, office supplies wholesalers" 
has been broadened to include advertising novelties and special- 
ty houses as well as stationery, office supplies wholesalers. 
In the 1948 Census suchestablishments were classified as "mer- 
chant wholesalers, miscellaneous products." 

(10) The classification "Gift, art goods, greeting cards whole- 
salers" is being used for the first time in the 1954 Census. In 
previous Censuses such establishments would have been classi- 
fied as "Other recreationgoods wholesalers" or "Other merchant 
wholesalers, miscellaneous products." 

(11) The kinds of business under the general type-of-operation 
group "Manufacturers' sales branches, sales offices" have been 
defined in 1954 to parallel more closely the classification of 
establishments in the Census of Manufactures— establishments 
for which they sell— rather than in the merchant wholesaler clas- 
sification pattern used in the 1948 Wholesale Census. For ex- 
ample, data are shown for sales branches and sales offices of 
"Food and kindred products," a classification which corresponds 
with a Census of Manufactures' industry group. Likewise, sales 
branches and sales offices of "Chemicals and allied products" 
manufacturers are identified separately. This type of classifi- 
cation permits ready comparisons of sales branch and sales of- 
fice activities with factories for which they serve as outlets. 
In some cases comparability with Census of Manufactures clas- 
sifications was accomplished merely by a change in the title of 
the sales branch or sales office classification; in others it was 
necessary to change the content as well as the title of the 1954 
classification from what it was in 1948. 

(12) The classification "Assemblers of farm products" was 
redefined in the 1954 Census to exclude "packers and shippers" 
of fish and seafood (See Item 5 above). In addition, it should be 
noted that 1954 data for assemblers of farm products tend to dif- 
fer somewhat from the 1948 figures, particularly for those es- 
tablishments handling products with high "support" prices. For 
example, country grain elevators, in a period such as 1948 when 
the market price of grain was higher than the "support" price, 
sold grain purchased from farmers and in their Census of Busi- 
ness report forms reported the sales of such grain. In 1954, 
however, some products moved under support loans; the grain 
elevators did not purchase or subsequently sell these commod- 
ities. Consequently, the receipts reported for Census purposes 
were based on the service charge for storing these commodities. 
As a result, in some areas sales volume for this class of es- 
tablishments in 1954 was considerably lower than in 1948. 

(13) Coverage of manufacturers' sales branches and sales of- 
fices differed somewhat in the 1954 mail canvass from the 1948 
field enumeration. In the field canvass. Census enumerators 
provided the Bureau with listings of all establishments within the 
scope of the census, including those of multiunit firms with head- 
quarters outside their districts. Such listings were used as aids 
in determining establishments to be reported separately from 
central offices. In the mail canvass, determinations of estab- 
lishments to be reported :*eparately were made by respondents 



INTRODUCTION 



for the most part, on the basis of Census instructions. Some- 
times these determinations differed from what they otherwise 
might have been, had there been an opportunity for exploratory 
discussions. 

Overall, the count of branches and offices was smaller in 1954 
than in 1948. Particularly was this true of firms operating a 
small number of sales branches and sales offices. This appears 
to have resulted from the inclusion of some sales branches and 
sales offices in plant reports or in general office reports of 
manufacturers. Employment and payroll for branches and offices 
included in plant reports, or reported as auxiliary to manufac- 
turing, are included in the Census of Manufactures. 

An analysis of a sample of firms reporting sales branches and 
sales offices in 1948, but not in 1954, indicated that for the coun- 



try asa whole between 5 and 10 percent of the sales branches with 
stocks and a slightly higher percentage of the sales offices with- 
out stocks which were in the 1948 Wholesale Census were not enu- 
merated as these types of establishments in 1954. However, the 
effect on sales is somewhat less, since such establishments gen- 
erally were smaller than the average. 

CONFIDENTIALITY OF DATA 

In accordance with Census law, any data which would disclose 
the operations of an individual establishment or business organi- 
zation are not published. Thenumber of establishments in a kind 
of business is not considered a disclosure by Census rules, so 
that this item is shown in instances where other items of infor- 
mation for the same establishments are suppressed. 



SUMMARY OF FINDINGS 



CONTENTS 

TEXT Page 

General Summary 5 

Geographic Distribution of Wholesale Trade 6 

Size of Establishment or Firm '' 

Credit, Receivables, Bad-Debt Losses 13 

Sales by Class of Customer 18 

Warehouse and Cold Storage Space 20 

Commodity-Line Sales 21 

Legal Form of Organization 23 

Petroleum Buli Plants and Terminals 2^ 

Miscellaneous Subjects: 

Lumber '^olesalers" Purchases and Inventories 24 

Transactions of Merchandise Agents and Brokers 26 

Bin Space of Grain Elevators 26 

Selected Kinds of Business 27 

Unincorporated Businesses Without Paid Employees 27 

TEXT TABLES p„„„ 

Table Page 

A Wholesale Trade— United States : 195<i, 1948, 1939 and 1929 5 

B Wholesale Trade by Type of Operation— United States : 1954, 1948, 1939 and 1929 6 

C Sales of Merchant Wholesalers, by Kind of Business— United States: 1954, 1948, 1939 and 1929 7 

D Wholesale Trade by Geographic Divisions and States : 1954, 1948, 1939 and 1929 8 

E Wholesale Trade for Standard Metropolitan Areas, by Size Group: 1954 and 1948 9 

F Merchant Wholesalers in Standard Metropolitan Areas with 300,000 Inhabitants or More: 1954 and 1948 11 

G Sales Size of Establishment — Merchant Wholesalers and Tobacco Distributors — United States: 1954 12 

H Sales Size of Merchant Wholesalers, by City Size: 1954 12 

J Employment Size of Wholesale Establishments — United States: 1954 and 1948 13 

K Employment Size of Wholesale Establishments, by Type of Operation and City Size— United States: 1954 16 

L Single-Unit and Multiunit Wholesale Establishments — United States: 1954 16 

M Credit Sales, Receivables, Bad-Debt Losses of Merchant Wholesalers— United States: 1954, 1948 and 1939 18 

N Sales by Class of Customer— United States : 1954, 1948, 1939 and 1935 18 

P Warehouse Floor Space of Wholesale Establishments, by Type of Operation — United States: 1954 20 

Q Commodity-Line Sales, General-Line Grocery Wholesalers — United States : 1954 21 

R Commodity-Line Sales of General-Line Grocery Wholesalers and Hardware Wholesalers — United States: 1954, 1948 and 1935 23 

S Wholesale Trade by Legal Form of Organization — United States: 1954 24 

T Bulk Storage Capacity of Petroleum Bulk Plants and Terminals — United States : 1954 and 1948 24 

U Supply and Disposition of Gasoline, Kerosene, and Distillate Fuel Oil— United States: 1954 26 

V Lumber Wholesalers' Purchases and Inventories — United States: 1954 26 

W Distribution of Sales (or Purchases) of Merchandise Agents and Brokers, by Type of Transaction — United States: 1954 and 1948 26 

X Bin Space of Grain Elevators— United States: 1954 .' 27 

Y Unincorporated Wholesale Businesses Without Paid Employees — United States: 1954 28 

Chart 21MTS p^ge 

1 Merchant Wholesalers: 1954— Percent Distribution of Establishments, Sales, and Payroll by Sales Size of Establishment — United States 10 

2 Merchant Wholesalers: 1954— Distribution of Establishments and Sales by Size of Establishment— United States 10 

3 Merchant Wholesalers: 1954 and 1948— Percent Distribution of Sales by Employment Size of Establishment— United States 14 

4 Merchant Wholesalers: 1954 and 1948— Percent Distribution of Sales by City Size- United States 14 

5 Wholesale Trade: 1954, 1948 and 1939— Percent Distribution of Employees by Employment Size of Establishment- United States 15 

6 Merchant Wholesalers: 1954 — End -of -Year Receivables and Credit Sales as Percent of Sales for Specified Kinds of Business — 

United States 17 

7 Merchant Wholesalers: 1954 — Percent Distribution of Sales by Class of Customer, for Specified Kinds of Business— United States 19 

8 Electrical Apparatus, Supplies Distributors: 1954 — Percent Distribution of Sales by Commodity Line— United States and Geographic 

Divisions 22 

9 Petroleum Bulk Plants and Terminals: 1954 and 1948, Storage Capacity by States 25 

4 



SUMMARY OF FINDINGS 



GENERAL SUMMARY 

Establishmenis .— There were 252,318 establishments or places 
of business in the continental United States, at the end of 1954, 
primarily engaged in marketing merchandise at wholesale. In 
this count of establishments each wholesale location of organi- 
zations operating more than one place of business is counted 
separately. The number is limited, however, to places of 
business that employed one or more persons on a payroll basis 
during 1954; unincorporated businesses without paid employees 
are excluded. The importance of this latter group is measured 
in Table Y on page 21, but such businesses are omitted from all 
other wholesale trade tabulations of the 1954 Census of Business. 

An establishment is considered to be primarily engaged in 
wholesale trade when its princijjal business is buying and selling 
merchandise at wholesale, or in acting as an agent or broker in 
marketing merchandise at wholesale. "At wholesale" includes 
marketing or selling merchandise to retailers; to other whole- 
salers; or to industrial, commercial, professional, and similar 
types of users, in contrast to selling to household consumers, to 
individuals for personal use or to farmers. Sales of the latter 
type are considered as retail sales. 

The number of wholesale establishments in 1954 represented 



an increase of 17 percent over 1948, the year of the most recent 
Census of Business prior to 1954. Table A which follows shows 
the number of wholesale establishments for each of the Census 
years 1954, 1948, 1939. and 1929. 

Employment and Payroll .— A total of 2,837,652 persons were 
engaged in Wholesale Trade in November 1954. Of this number, 
151,213 were owners of unincorporated wholesale firmsactively 
engaged in the business, and 2,686,439 were ona salary or wage 
basis. Payroll — salaries, wages, bonuses and commissions — for 
the year amounted to $11.5 billion. Paid employees, 1954, are 
segregated in the accompanying Table A as follows: 2,590,236 
employed at wholesale establishments; 96,203 at central ad- 
ministrative offices and auxiliary units. Central administrative 
offices and auxiliary units are distinguished from wholesale 
establishments in that the latter are primarily engaged in 
marketing merchandise at wholesale, while the former are 
principally engaged in servicing— accounting, warehousing, ad- 
ministration, etc.— the operations of wholesale establishments. 
A description of "Central Administrative Offices and Auxilia- 
ries" is provided in the Explanation of Terms, Appendix F; and 
data for them are presented in Tables 9K and 9L. These data, 
however, are excluded from all tables on wholesale trade, ex- 
cept as otherwise noted. 



Table A. WHOLESALE TRADE— UNITED STATES: igS'l, 19^8, 1939 AND 1929 



Census year 



195i: 

Wholesale establishments^ 

Central administrative offices and auxiliaries 

ig-iS: 
Wholesale establishments^ 

Central administrative offices and auxiliaries 

1939, wholesale establishments^ 

1929, wholesale establishments^ 



Establishments 
(Number) 



252,318 
1,786 



216,099 
1,339 

190,379 

163,830 



Inventories, 

end of year, 

at cost 

($1,000) 



13,078,617 
275,307 

9,965,-140 
162,425 

3,822,299 

5,195,237 



Payroll, 
entire year 

(*1,000) 



Paid employees, 
worlcweek ended 
nearest 
November 15 

( Number ) 



11,021,450 
514,257 



7,734,207 
319,893 

2,510,875 

2,922,399 



2,590,236 
96,203 



2,305,403 
80,644 

1,553,062 

1,549,910 



Active pro- 
prietors of 
unincorpo- 
rated 
businesses 
(Number) 



151,213 

130,878 

126,440 
86,776 



. Represents zero. 

•'•Limited to establishments with one or more paid employees. Excludes milk bottling plants. 
^Includes establishments without paid employees. Excludes milk bottling plants. 



Inventories .— Stocks of merchandise on hand for sale at the 
end of 1954 were valued, at cost, at $13.4 billion. Of this amount 
$13.1 billion was at wholesale establishments and $0.3 billion 
in auxiliary warehouses. Inventories, valued at cost, were up 
28.6 percent, 1954 over 1948. 

Sales .— Data on sales are shown in this volume for the various 
types of operations and kinds of business into which wholesale 
establishments are classified, but not for all types of businesses 
combined. 

Totals were not provided as such amounts become difficult to 
interpret because the sales ofdifferent operating types represent 
significantly different inputs of labor, services, etc., (e.g., sales 
of merchant wholesalers compared to sales made by agents and 
brokers) and because of the fact that wholesale firms frequently 
make sales to other wholesale firms. 

Type of Operation . -Wholesale Trade as defined in the Stand- 
ard Industrial Classification system, in accordance with which 



Censuses are conducted, is much broader than the common con- 
cept of "wholesaler" or "jobber" as it includes foreign trade 
merchants; industrial goods distributors; manufacturers' sales 
branches and sales offices; petroleum bulk plants and terminals; 
and merchandise agents and brokers, as well as merchants 
buying and selling goods, who sell primarily to retailers. For 
purposes of presenting Census findings, Wholesale Trade is di- 
vided into the five more or less homogeneous type-of-opera- 
tion groups listed below and each establishment is assigned 
to one of the groups according to the character of its opera- 
tions or nature of function performed: 

Merchant Wholesalers 

Manufacturers' Sales Branches and Sales Offices 

Petroleum Bulk Plants and Terminals 

Merchandise Agents and Brokers 

Assemblers of Farm Products 

These five type groups are subdivided into twenty-two detailed 
types of operation all of which are described in Appendix B 



WHOLESALE TRADE-SUMMARY STATISTICS 



of this volume. Summary data are presented for each in 
Chapter 1, Table lA. 

As shown in the accompanying Table B, merchant whole- 
salers, those who buy and sell merchandise for their own 
account, constitute the most important type-of-operation group, 
with 165,000 establishments and $101.1 billion sales in 1954. 
Manufacturers' sales branches and sales offices were second 
from the standpxjint of sales with $69.5 billion; followed by 
$39.3 billion for merchandise agents and brokers; $16.0 billion 
for petroleum bulk plants and terminals; and $9.1 billion for 
assemblers of farm products. 

Compared with 1948 all type groups except farm products 
assemblers recorded sales increases. In terms of relative 
gains, petroleum bulk plants and terminals led with a 53 per- 



cent sales increase, followed in turn by manufacturers' sales 
branches and sales offices with a 37 percent increase; merchant 
wholesalers with 32 percent ; and merchandise agents and brokers, 
with 20 percent. Sales of assemblers of farm products de- 
clined 9 percent (See Comparison of 1948 and 1954 Censuses, 
section 13). During the same interval 1948 to 1954, retail sales 
increased by 32 percent. 

Compared with 1929, the year of the first Business Census, 
petroleum bulk plants and terminals recorded a sales increase 
of 571 percent for 1954; followed in turn by 330 percent for 
manufacturers' sales branches and sales offices; 258 percent 
for merchant wholesalers; 170 percent for merchandise agents 
and brokers; and 122 percent for assemblers of farm products. 
Retail sales increased by 252 percent during the same interval. 



Table B. WHOLESALE TRADE BY TYPE OF OPERATION— UNITED STATES: 195i, 19^8, 1939 AND 1929 



Type of operation 



1954^ 



1948 1 



wsg-' 



1929"^ 



Merchant wholesalers: 

Establishments (Number) . 

Sales ($1,000) . 

Manufacturers' sales branches and sales offices: 

Establishments (Number) . 

Sales ($1,000) . 

Petroleum bulk plants and terminals: 

Establishments (Number) . 

Sales ($1,000 ) . 

Merchandise agents and brokers; 

Establishments (Number) . 

Sales ($1,000 ) . 

Assemblers of farm products: 

Establishments (Number) . 

Sales ($1,000 ) . 



165,153 
101,100,941 



22,590 
69,533,784 



29,189 
16,038,372 



22,131 
39,250,509 



13,255 
9,050,816 



129,117 
76,533,260 



23,706 
50,800,384 



28,351 
10,483,060 



18,138 
32,839,667 



16,787 
9,920,288 



98,037 
21,811,154 



17,926 
14,253,609 



30,825 
3,807,908 



21,083 
11,779,499 



22,508 
2,114,256 



77,079 
28,211,973 



16,863 
16,174,882 



19,611 
2,390,213 



18,467 
14,517,239 



30,916 
4,083,744 



^Limited to establishments with one or more paid employees. Excludes milk bottling plants. 
^Includes establishments without paid employees. Excludes milk bottling plants. 



Kind of Business . — In addition to being classified functionally 
by type of operation, each wholesale establishment was also 
assigned a kind-of-business classification for purposes of 
compiling totals by kind of business or trade. The various kinds 
of business or trades into which wholesale establishments are 
classified are described in Appendix B of this volume. 

Sales of merchant wholesalers, the largest of the five major 
types of operation of wholesale trade, are measured by kind of 
business in the accompanying Table C for the years 1954, 1948, 
1939, and 1929. Compared with 1948, all trades save five— 
general-line dry goods wholesalers; piece goods converters; 
motor vehicle distributors; iron, steel scrap dealers; and coal 
wholesalers — recorded sales gains for 1954. Increases ranged 
from 3 percent for fresh fruit and vegetable wholesalers and 
for hardware wholesalers to more than 100 percent for sta- 
tionery and office supplies wholesalers, construction materials 
distributors and for nonferrous metals distributors. All trades 
recorded increases in 1954 dollar sales volume over prewar 
1939. 

GEOGRAPHIC DISTRIBUTION OF WHOLESALE TRADE 

Wholesale Trade as measured in Censuses for a State, stand- 
ard metropolitan area, city or county represents the total busi- 
ness of all wholesale establishments located within the area re- 
gardless of the extent of the sales territory; that is, geographic 
measurement is according to the location of establishments from 
which business is conducted. Traveling salesmen, and their 
sales, are credited to establishments from which they operate. 

Divisions and States .— Table IE of Chapter 1 presents a sum- 
mary of Wholesale Trade, 1954, by geographic divisions and 



States. The accompanying Table D presents comparative sales 
information for geographic divisions and States— 1954, 1948, 1939, 
and 1929. Sales trends are shown separately for merchant 
wholesalers and for other operating types. 

Measured in terms of portion or percentage of United States 
totals, a shift is noted historically in Wholesale Trade from the 
New England, Middle Atlantic and West North Central geographic 
divisions to theSouthand West— particularly to the South Atlantic, 
Mountain and Pacific divisions. In the case of sales of merchant 
wholesalers, for example. New England contributed 7.2 percent 
of the national total in 1929 but only 5.5 percent in 1954. The 
Middle Atlantic division (New York, New Jersey, and Pennsyl- 
vania) accounted for 34.9 percent of the United States total in 
1929, but only 30.2 percent in 1954. Likewise the West North 
Central division recorded a' decline from 10.2 percent in 1929 
to 8.9 percent in 1954. However not all States within these di- 
visions followed this general trend; for example, gains, as a 
percent of total were recorded by Connecticut and New Jersey. 

Divisions showing the largest relative increases in merchant 
wholesalers sales were the South Atlantic — up from 6.6 percent 
of the United States total in 1929 to 9.0 percent in 1954--and 
the Pacific division which recorded an increase from 8.8 per- 
cent to 11.3 percent. Although small in comparison with the 
United States totals, consistent increases are also noted for 
the Mountain division, from 1.7 percent in 1929 to 1.9 in 1939, 
to 2.3 percent in 1948 and to 2.5 percent in 1954. 

States recording one or more percentage point increases in 
their portion of the United States total, 1954 over 1929, were 
New Jersey, from 1.7 to 3.0; Florida, from 0.6 to 1.7; and 
California, from 6.3 to 8.3 percent. 



SUMMARY OF FINDINGS 

Table C. SALES OF MERCHANT WHOLESALERS, BY KIND OF BUSINESS— UNITED STATES: 1954, 1948, 1939 AND 1929 



Kind of business 



Sales ($1,000) 



1954^ 



19431 



1939^ 



1929-' 



Percent change in sales 
(minus sign denotes decrease) 



1954 
over 
1948 



1954 
over 
1939 



1954 
over 
1929 



Merchant wholesalers , total 

Food and related products wholesalers 

General-line grocery wholesalers 

Confectionery wholesalers 

Meat, meat products wholesalers 

Fresh fruit, vegetable wholesalers 

Other food and related products wholesalers. 

Beer, wine, distilled spirits wholesalers 

Beer, ale distributors 

Wine, distilled spirit wholesalers ;. 

Tobacco distributors 



Drugs, chemicals, allied products wholesalers... 

General-line drug wholesalers 

Specialty-line drug wholesalers 

Industrial chemicals, explosives distributors. 
Paint, varnish wholesalers 



Dry goods, apparel wholesalers 

Furniture, home furnishings wholesalers 

Clothing, furnishings, footwear wholesalers... 

General-line dry goods wholesalers 

Specialty-line dry goods wholesalers 

Piece goods converters 

Furniture (household, office) wholesalers 

Home furnishings, floor coverings wholesalers. 

Paper, allied products wholesalers 

Coarse paper and product wholesalers 

Printing and fine paper distributors 

Stationery, office supplies wholesalers 

Wallpaper wholesalers ' 



Farm products (raw materials) merchants 

Automotive wholesalers 

Motor vehicle distributors 

Automotive equipment, tire-tube wholesalers 

Electrical, electronics, appliance distributors... 

Electrical apparatus, supplies distributors 

Electrical appliance, radio, T? set wholesalers'' 
Electronic parts, equipment distributors"' 



Hardi«are, plumbing-heating goods wholesalers 

Hardware wholesalers 

Plumbing, heating equipment, supplies distributors.. 

Lumber, construction materials distributors 

Lumber, millwork wholesalers 

Construction materials distributors 



Machinery, equipment, supplies distributors 

Air conditioning, comm, refrig. equip, distributors. 

Commercial machines, equipment distributors 

Construction machinery, equipment dealers 

Farm-garden machinery, eauipment wholesalers 

Industrial machinery, equipment distributors 

Industrial materials, supplies distributors 

Professional equipment, supplies distributors 

Service establishment supply houses 

Transportation equipment distributors 

Metals, metalwork (except scrap distributors) 

Iron, steel and products distributors 

Nonf errous metals distributors 

Scrap, waste materials dealers 

Iron, steel scrap dealers 

Waste materials dealers 



Other merchant wholesalers 

Amusement, sporting goods distributors 

Book, magazine, newspaper wholesalers 

Coal wholesalers 

Farm supplies wholesalers 

Jewelry wholesalers 

Petroleum products distributors 

Flower , bulb , plant wholesalers 

Gift, art goods, greeting card wholesalers.. 
Miscellaneous products merchant wholesalers. 



101,100,941 

22,057,824 
7,353,560 
527,446 
2,866,193 
3,261,739 
8,048,886 

5,686,934 
2,311,181 
3,375,753 

3,208,929 

3,369,865 

1,273,114 

900,618 

923,242 

272,891 

\ 7,964,269 

1,826,611 
393,580 

2,161,142 

1,503,962 
697,825 

1,381,149 

2,961,049 

^2,545,652 

369,772 
45,625 

9,231,941 

3,977,513 

757,335 

3,220,178 

6,337,718 

2,910,458 

2,814,584 

612,676 

4,397,711 
2,067,923 
2,329,788 

6,586,207 
3,805,942 
2,780,265 

10,039,852 

484,070 

660,125 

1,401,359 

534,379 

14,628,726 

853,153 

1,101,992 

376,048 

3,362,585 
2,174,276 
1,188,309 

2,405,590 
1,213,140 
1,192,450 

9,512,954 
952,711 
697,206 
794,189 

1,574,642 
825,459 

1,416,388 
222,942 

\ 3,029,417 



76,533,260 

17,071,626 
5,771,700 
357,554 
1,977,065 
3,169,960 
5,795,347 

4,049,795 
1,524,681 
2,525,114 

2,487,122 

2,243,288 
844,070 
496,100 
685,727 
217,391 

6,778,717 

1,471,358 

456,026 

1,863,665 

1,738,434 

375,261 

873,973 

1,879,962 

1,670,307 

177,096 
32,559 

6,771,007 

3,917,646 
1,351,070 
2,566,576 

4,309,283 
2,278,809 
2,030,474 

3,680,180 
2,006,431 
1,673,749 

3,889,955 
2,755,546 
1,134,409 

6,723,100 
297,839 
634,953 
779,882 
481,117 

2,973,949 

562,413 
743,440 
249,507 

1,951,055 

1,447,929 

503,126 

2,663,631 

1,688,130 

975,501 

8,116,893 
543,393 
456,186 
1,997,822 
1,196,885 
725,091 
740,721 
145,603 

2,311,192 



21,811,154 

5,324,869 
2,185,736 
132,682 
519,593 
1,142,852 
1,344,006 

1,249,164 
502,111 
747,053 

1,106,215 

801,813 
363,621 
157,190 
200,719 
80,283 

2,262,416 

700,501 
206,983 
556,301 
425,167 
61,188 
312,276 

574,973 

507,699 

46,551 
20,723 

1,628,706 

1,055,387 
(NA) 

(na) 

788,024 
451,329 
336,695 



971,975 
592,000 
379,975 

804,392 
487,610 
316,782 

1,440,371 

(NA) 

136,822 

96,556 

59,395 

640,936 

172,855 

268,725 

65,082 

515,975 
304,440 
211,535 

656,000 
334,136 
321,864 

2,630,874 
124,479 
168,572 
515,835 
333,844 
234,054 
196,734 
42,987 

1,017,369 



28,211,972 

7,454,899 
2,938,579 
250,008 
689,977 
1,665,382 
1,910,953 

(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 

858,329 

947,962 
407,192 
127,766 
283,476 
129,528 

3,312,519 

1,104,149 
569,532 
928,629 
215,432 
126,846 
367,931 

704,388 

606,936 

66,592 
30,860 

3,697,456 

1,383,057 
(NA) 
(NA) 

846,689 
451,018 
395,671 



1,212,738 
714,528 
498,210 

1,283,891 
772,446 
511,445 

1,268,760 

(NA) 

116,383 

56,171 

58,351 

685;719 

135,188 

166,402 

50,546 

672,581 
278,023 
394,558 

474,453 
207,759 
266,694 

4,094,250 
90,239 
127,546 
679,103 
589,695 
355,086 
723,968 
46,143 

1,482,470 



32.1 

29.2 
27.4 
47.5 
45.0 
2.9 
38.9 

40.4 
51.6 
33.7 

29.0 

50.2 
50.8 
81.5 
34.6 
25.5 

17.5 

24.1 
-13.7 

16.0 
-13.5 

86.0 

58.0 

57.5 

52.4 

108.8 
40.1 

36.3 

1.5 

-43.9 

25.5 

47.1 
27.7 
38.6 



19.5 

3.1 

39.2 

69.3 

38.1 

145.1 

49.3 
62,5 
4.0 
79.7 
11.1 

55.6 

51.7 
48.2 
50.7 

72.3 

50.2 

136.2 

-9.7 

-28.1 

22.2 

17.2 
75.3 
52.8 
-60.2 
31.6 
13.8 
91.2 
53.1 

31.1 



363.5 

314.2 
236.4 
297.5 
451.6 
185.4 
498.9 

355.3 
360.3 
351.9 

190.1 

320.3 
250.1 
472.9 
360.0 
239.9 

252.0 

160.8 
90.2 
288.5 
253.7 
1,040.5 
342.3 

415.0 

401.4 

694.3 
120.2 

466.8 

276.9 
(NA) 

(na) 

704.3 
544.9 
735.9 



352.5 
249.3 
513.1 

718.8 
680.5 
777.7 

597.0 

(NA) 

382.5 

1,351.3 

799.7 

622.2 

393.6 
310.1 
477.8 

551.7 
614.2 
461.8 

266.7 
263.1 
270.5 

261.6 
4 
,6 

7 
7 




665 
313 
54 
371, 
252, 
620. 
418.6 

197.8 



258.4 



195 
150, 
HI, 
315, 
95. 
321. 



(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 

273.9 

255.5 
212.7 
604.9 
225.7 
110.7 

140.4 

65.4 
-30.9 
132.7 
598.1 
450.1 
275.4 

320.4 

319.4 

455.3 
47.8 

149.7 

187.6 

(NA) 
(NA) 

648.5 
545.3 
611.3 



262.6 
189.4 
367.6 

413.0 
392.7 
443.6 

691.3 

(NA) 

467.2 

2,394.8 

815.8 

575.0 

531.1 
562.2 
644.0 

400.0 
682.0 
201.2 

407.0 
483.9 
347.1 

132.3 
955.8 
446.6 

16 
167 
132 

95 
383 



9 


5 
6 
2 

104.3 



(NA) Not available. ,,, Represents zero. 

^Limited to establishments with one or more paid employees. Excludes milk bottling plants. 
^Includes establishments without paid employees. Excludes milk bottling plants. 
Comparisons with earlier years limited because establishments now classified as "Electronic parts, equipment distributors" 
are new or were formerly included in other classifications. 



WHOLESALE TRADE-SUMMARY STATISTICS 



Table D. WHOLESALE TRADE BY GEC3GRAPHIC DIVISIONS AND STATES: 195^, ig-iSi , 1939^ AND 1929^ 
(Limited to wholesale establishments. Data for central administrative offices and auxiliaries are excluded) 



Geographic division and State 



Merchant wholesalers sales, as per- 
cent of United States total 



195i 



19^8 



1939 



1929 



Other operating types sales, as per- 
cent of United States total 



195"; 



19i8 



1939 



1929 



United States, total. 



New England 

Maine 

New Hampshire. 

Vermont 

Massachusetts. 
Rhode Island . . 
Connecticut. .. 



Middle Atlantic . 

New York 

New Jersey ... . 
Pennsylvania . . 



East North Central. 

Ohio 

Indiana 

Illinois 

Michigan 

Wisconsin 



West North Central. 

Minnesota 

Iowa 

Missouri 

North Dakota 

South Dakota 

Nebraska 

Kansas 



South Atlantic 

Delaware 

Maryland 

District of Columbia. 

Virginia 

West Virginia 

North Carolina 

South Carolina 

Georgia 

Florida 



East South Central. 

Kentucky 

Tennessee 

Alabama 

Mississippi 



West South Central. 

Arkansas 

Louisiana 

Oklahoma 

Texas 



Mountain 

Montana . . . . 

Idaho 

Wyoming. . . . 
Colorado . . . 
New Mexico. 
Arizona. . . . 

Utah 

Nevada 



Pacific 

Washington. 

Oregon 

California. 



100.0 

5.5 
0.3 
0.2 
0.1 
3.3 
0.5 
1.1 

30.2 

21.7 

3.0 

5.5 

19.1 
i.6 
1.8 
7.5 
3.6 
1.6 



2.2 
1.3 



9.0 
0.1 
1.1 
0.6 
1.2 
0.6 
1.5 
0.6 
1.6 
1.7 

A.l 
1.0 
2.2 
1.0 
0.5 

8.8 
0.5 
1.7 
1.0 
5.6 

2.5 
0.3 
0.2 
0.1 
0.8 
0.3 
O.A 
0.3 
0.1 

11.3 
1.7 
1.3 
8.3 



100.0 

5.9 

0.3 
0.1 
0.1 
3.9 
0.5 
1.0 

31.6 

23.1 

2.5 

6.0 

19.3 
5.1 
1.7 
7.6 
3.1 
1.8 

9.7 
2.6 
1.3 
3.6 
0.2 
0.2 
0.8 
1.0 

8.4 
0.1 
1.2 
0.6 
1.2 
0.8 
1.3 
0.6 
1.4 
1.2 

4.8 
1.0 
2.3 
1.0 
0.5 

7.9 
0.5 
1.5 
1.0 
4.9 

2.3 
0.3 
0.1 
0.1 
0.8 
0.2 
0.3 
0.4 
0.1 

10.1 
1.6 
1.2 
7.3 



100.0 

6.6 
0.4 
0.1 
0.1 
4.5 
0.5 
1.0 

34.9 

26.1 

2.7 

6.1 

19.4 
4.9 
1.5 
7.9 
3.4 
1.7 



8.1 
0.1 
1.4 
0.7 
1.2 
0.7 
1.2 
0.5 
1.3 
1.0 

3.8 
1.0 
1.5 
0.9 

0.4 

6.8 
0.5 
1.4 
0.8 

4.1 

1.9 
0.2 
0.2 
0.1 
0.7 
0.1 
0.2 
0.3 
0.1 

8.9 
1.4 
0.9 
6.6 



100.0 

7.2 
0.3 
0.1 
0.1 
5.3 
0.6 
0.8 

34.9 

26.5 

1.7 

6.7 

18.4 
4.6 
1.3 
7.8 
2.9 
1.8 



10, 
2. 
1, 
4. 
0, 



0.2 
0.9 
1.3 

6.6 
0.1 
1.2 
0.3 
1.0 
0.6 
0.9 
0.5 
1.4 
0.6 

4.1 
0.9 
1.9 
0.9 
0.4 

8.1 
0.6 
1.4 

1.1 
5.0 

1.7 



(z) 

8.8 
1.7 
0.8 
6.3 



100.0 



4.6 



28.5 

20.5 

2.1 

5.9 

23.7 
6.0 
1.9 
9.5 
4.8 
1.5 

11.0 
2.4 
1.8 
3.7 
0.4 
0.5 
1.4 
0.8 

9.6 
0.5 
1.1 
0.6 
1.0 
0.4 
2.0 
0.5 
2.2 
1.3 

4.1 
0.9 
1.7 
1.0 
0.5 

6.3 
0.4 
0.9 
1.0 
4.0 

2.4 
0.3 
0.2 
0.1 
1.0 
0.1 
0.3 
0.4 
(z) 

9.8 
1.3 
0.9 
7.6 



100.0 

4.4 
0.2 
0.1 
0.1 
3.1 
0.4 
0.5 

29.7 

22.3 

1.6 

5.8 

23.1 
5.2 
1.7 

11.0 
3.9 
1.3 

13.0 
2.8 
2.2 
4.0 
0.7 
0.6 
1.5 
1.2 

8.9 
0.4 
1.0 
0.7 
1.0 
0.5 
1.9 
0.5 
2.0 
0.9 

3.7 
0.8 
1.5 
0.9 
0.5 

6.2 

0.4 
0.9 
0.9 
4.0 

2.3 

0.3 
0.3 
0.1 
0.9 
0.1 
0.2 
0.4 
(z) 

8.7 
1.3 
0.9 
6.5 



lon.o 

5.1 
0.2 
0.1 
0.1 
3.7 
0.4 
0.6 

33.8 
26.4 

1.4 
6.0 

21.0 
4.7 
1.5 
9.9 
3.6 
1.3 

11.2 
2.6 
1.6 
4.2 
0.4 
0.3 
1.3 
0.8 

8.4 
0.4 
1.1 
0.6 
1.1 
0.4 
1.8 
0.6 
1.5 
0.9 

3.4 
0.7 
1.5 
0.7 
0.5 

5.8 
0.4 
1.2 
0.9 
3.3 

2.0 
0.2 
0.2 
0.1 
0.8 
0.1 
0.2 
0.4 
(z) 

9.3 
1.4 
0.7 
7.2 



100.0 

5.2 
0.2 
0.1 
0.1 
3.8 
0.3 
0.7 

32.9 

24.6 

1.3 

7.0 

21.6 
4.3 
1.4 

11.5 
3.3 
1.1 



14, 
2, 
1, 
5, 
0. 
0. 



1.9 
1.6 



1.5 
0.7 

3.4 
0.7 
1.3 
0.8 
0.6 

6.1 
0.5 
1.1 
1.1 
3.4 



1.7 
0.2 
0.2 
0.1 
0.8 
0.1 
0.1 
0.2 
(z) 



8.0 
1.7 
0.5 
5.8 



(z) Less than 0.05 percent. 

'■Limited to establishments with one or more paid employees. Excludes milk bottling plants. 
^Includes establishments without paid employees and milk bottling plants. 
^Number of employees for workweek ended nearest November 15. 
'Number of employees as of mid-December. 



SUMMARY OF FINDINGS 



Standard Metropolitan Areas .— These areas have been defined 
and established cooperatively by a number of interested Federal 
agencies under the direction of the Bureau of the Budget for 
purposes of compilation and presentation of a wide variety of 
statistical data on a uniform area basis. Wholesale Trade 
data on establishments, sales, employment and payroll are 
presented in Table 103 of Volume IV of the 1954 Census of Busi- 
ness for each of the 172 standard metropolitan areas in the 
United States listed in Appendix G. Data for these areas are 
summarized in Chapter 1, Tables 10 and IK, and in Table E. 
Data for the 57 largest areas are shown in Table F . 

The significance of the 172 areas to Wholesale Trade is il- 
lustrated by the fact that 169,000 or 67.0 percent of the 252,000 
wholesale establishments in the United States in 1954 were 
located therein. These establishments reported 84.8 percent 
of wholesale trade payroll, 84.4 percent of the sales of merchant 
wholesalers and 85.0 percent of the sales of other types of 
wholesale establishments. In contrast, they contained only 56.5 
percent of the population of the country. 

There were 14 standard metropolitan areas with one million 
or more inhabitants in 1950. These areas accounted for 52.5 
percent of all wholesale trade, but only 29.5 percent of the 
population. The 19 areas with 500,000 to 999,999 inhabitants 
contributed 13.9 percent of the wholesale trade of the country 
compared with 8.2 percent of the population. At the other ex- 
treme, that portion of the United States outside of the 172 
standard metropolitan areas contributed 43.5 percent of the 
population but only 15.3 percent of the wholesale trade of the 
country. 

Historically, little change is noted in the pattern of wholesale 
trade by standard metropolitan areas, 1954 compared with 1948. 
A slight drop is noted in merchant wholesalers sales as a per- 
cent of the United States total, from 86.5 to 84.4. This was off- 
set, however, by an increase in sales of other operating types, 
from 83.6 percent in 1948 to 85.0 percent in 1954. 



SIZE OF ESTABLISHMENT OR FIRM 

Sales Size .— Each wholesale establishment was classified in 
the 1954 Census of Business as "operated entire year" or "not 
operated entire year" on the basis of the period of time covered 
in the Census report. Those operated the entire year were 
further classified by size based on their 1954 sales. Sales- size 
data are presented in Tables 2A, 2B, 2C, and 2D of Chapter 2 
and a summary is presented for merchant wholesalers as a 
group, in the accompanying Table G. Data for tobacco distrib- 
utors are also included in Table G as an illustration of the ap- 
plication to an individual trade. 



About 3 percent of the 165,153 establishments in business at 
the end of the year operated only a part of the year; all others 
were in business the entire year 1954. "Part year" businesses 
contributed only 1.5 percent of the sales of merchant whole- 
salers. Of the 159,687 merchant wholesale establishments that 
operated the full census year, 815 reported annual sales of $10 
million or more and 1,638 reported sales of $5 to $9.9 million. 
These 2,453 establishments (less than 1.5 percent of the total 
number) accounted for 29.5 percent of all merchant whole- 
salers' sales. Sharply contrasted with the high concentration 
of sales volume in the upper brackets is the large number of 
establishments in the smaller sales-size brackets. Over 
25,000 establishments recorded annualsalesof less than $50,000; 
another 25,000 reported sales of $50,000 - $99,000; and a third 
group of 31,000 reported sales of $100,000 - $199,000. Thus 
approximately one-half of the establishments each reported sales 
of less than $200,000 for the year, but as a group they accounted 
for only 7.0 percent of the sales of all merchant wholesalers. 

The ratio of operating expenses (including payroll but not in- 
cluding the cost of goods sold nor compensation of owners of un- 
incorporated businesses) to sales decreased as annual sales in- 
creased. This trend held true for tobacco distributors as well as 
for merchant wholesalers as a group. Likewise, the ratio of pay- 
roll to sales decreased as annual sales increased for merchant 
wholesalers as a group; but for tobacco distributors the ratio 
was fairly constant, except for the lower size brackets, at slight- 
ly more than three percent. 

Sales-Size and City-Size .— Data for merchant wholesalers 
are cross classified by sales-size and city-size in Chapter 2, 
Table 2D. The accompanying Table H, shows the percentage 
distribution of sales by sales size of establishment and by city 
size. Population, 1950, is also shown for city- size classes as a 
percentage of the United States total. A high concentration of 
sales is noted in larger cities. For example, 44.3 percent of 
the business of merchant wholesalers is conducted by establish- 
ments located in cities of 500,000 or more inhabitants; however, 
these cities contained only 17.6 percent of the country's popu- 
lation. In contrast, rural areas together with cities of less than 
5,000 inhabitants contributed 45.5 percent of the population of the 
country, but only 9.4 percent of the sales of merchant whole- 
salers. In general, the percent of total sales decreased from 
larger to smaller sales-size brackets and from larger to smaller 
city sizes. 

Employment Size .— Wholesale establishments are classified 
in Chapter 2, Tables 2E, 2F, and 2G, by size according to the 
number of paid employees during the workweek ended nearest 
November 15. Data from these tables are summarized in the 
accompanying Table J. Establishments with one or more paid 



Table E. WHOLESALE TRADE 


FOR STANDARD METROPOLITAN AREAS, BY SIZE GROUP: 


1954 AND 


1948 








Establishments 


Paid employees, 

workweek ended 

nearest November 15 


Payroll, 
entire year 


Sales of merchant 
wholesalers 


Sales of other 
operating types 


Popula- 
tion, 


Standard metropolitan 
area size group 






















1954 


1948 


1954 


1948 


1954 
percent 


1948 
percent 


1954 
percent 


1948 
percent 


1954 
percent 


1948 
percent 


1950 as 

percent 

nf tntnl 




(Number) 


(Number) 


(Number) 


(Number) 


of U.S. 


of U.S. 


of U.S. 


of U.S. 


of U.S. 


of U.S. 




United States, total 


252,318 


216,099 


2,590,236 


2,305,403 


100.0 


100.0 


100.0 


100.0 


100.0 


100.0 


100.0 


172 Standard metropolitan 


























169,023 


145,119 


2,048,255 


1,850,385 


84.8 


86.0 


84.4 


86.5 


85.0 


83.6 


56.5 


U Areas with 1,000,000 






















inhabitants or more 


94,297 


84,757 


1,129,520 


1,055,508 


50.0 


52.9 


50.1 


52.5 


54.2 


55.3 


29.5 


19 Areas with 500,000- 
























999,999 inhabitants 


26,004 


21,329 


350,750 


308,172 


14.0 


13.5 


13.4 


13.4 


14.4 


13.4 


8.2 


-iA Areas with 250,000- 
























499,999 inhabitants 


25,592 


20,501 


314,048 


268,588 


11.7 


11.1 


11.7 


11.6 


9.5 


8.2 


9.8 


76 Areas with 100,000- 
























249,999 inhabitants 


20,295 


16,035 


225,637 


191,460 


8.1 


7.5 


8.1 


7.9 


5.9 


5.7 


8.0 


19 Areas with fewer than 
























100,000 inhabitants 


2,835 


2,497 


28,300 


26,657 


1.0 


1.0 


1.1 


1.1 


1.0 


1.0 


1.0 


Remainder of the United 
























States 


83,295 


70,980 


541,981 


455,018 


15.2 


14.0 


15.6 


13.5 


15.0 


16.4 


43.5 







10 



WHOLESALE TRADE-SUMMARY STATISTICS 



CHART I.- MERCHANT WHOLESALERS: 1954 

PERCENT DISTRIBUTION OF ESTABLISHMENTS, SALES, AND PAYROLL 
BY SALES SIZE OF ESTABLISHMENT- UNITED STATES 



PERCENT 

100 1 — 



80 



70 



60 



SO- 



SO 



20 



'vN^NSNNW - 

WNWW 



\NXX\N\V\\N\N\x 

WSSWvWN.XNWS 
^NNNNNWVWXNNNN 

XV\N\N\\S\NS\S\ 

^ WW \ WW WW 
\^WWS\NWNW 







\ O 



"Oo \. 



% 




71% 






V\\\NN\\\S\SN\\\ 



PERCENT 
1 100 



90 



60 



50 



40 



ESTABLISHMENTS* 

•excludes establishments "not operated entire year" 



SALES 



PAYROLL, ENTIRE YEAR 



BfLLIONS 

OF 
DOLLARS 
50) — 



30 — 



20 



CHART 2. -MERCHANT WHOLESALERS: 1954 

DISTRIBUTION OF ESTABLISHMENTS AND SALES 
BY SIZE OF ESTABLISHMENT-UNITED STATES 



82 THOUSAND 




70 BILLION 



[:;:;x;:y:] ESTABLISHMENTS^ 



o 

LESS THAN 
$200,000 



37 THOUSAND 




$200,000 

TO 
$499,000 



SALES 



14 BILLION 




'excludes ESTABLISHMENTS "NOT OPERATED ENTIRE YEAR" 



$500,000 

TO 
$999,000 

SIZE OF ESTABLISHMENT 



167 BILLION 




$1,000,000 

TO 
$1,999,000 



497 BILLION 



THOUSANDS 

OF 

ESTABLISHMENTS 

— llOO 



$2,000,000 
AND OVER 



SUMMARY OF FINDINGS 

Table F. MERCHANT WHOLESALERS IN STANDARD METROPOLITAN AREAS WITH 300,000 INHABITANTS OR MORE: 1954 AND 19^3 



11 



Standard metropolitan areas 
In order of 1950 population 



Establishments 



195-; 



(Number) 



19';8 



(Number) 



Sales 



1954 



Amount 



($1,000) 



Percent 

United 

States 

total 



1948 



Amount 
($1,000) 



Percent 

United 

States 

total 



Population 
1950 



Rank 



Popu- 
lation 
1950 



Sales 



1954 



1948 



United States, total 

Areas with 1,000,000 inhabitants 

or more 

New York-Northeastern New Jersey 

Chicago, Illinois 

Los Angeles-Long Beach, California... 

Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 

Detroit, Michigan 

Boston, Massachusetts 

San Francisco-Oakland, California.... 

Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 

St. Louis, Missouri 

Cleveland , Ohio 

Washington, D.C 

Baltimore, Maryland 

Minneapolis-St . Paul, Minnesota 

Buffalo, New York 

Areas with 500,000 to 999,999 

inhabitants 

Cincinnati, Ohio 

Milwaukee, Wisconsin 

Kansas City, Missouri 

Houston, Texas 

Providence, Rhode Island 

Seattle , Washington 

Portland , Oregon 

New Orleans , Louisiana 

Atlanta , Georgia 

Dallas , Texas 

Louisville, Kentucky 

Denver, Colorado 

Birmingham, Alabama 

San Diego , California 

Indianapolis , Indiana 

Youngstown, Ohio 

Albany -Schenectady- Troy, New York.... 

Columbus , Ohio 

San Antonio , Texas 

Areas with 300,000 to 499,999 

Inhabitants 

Miami , Florida 

Rochester , New York 

Memphis, Tennessee 

Dayton, Ohio 

San Bernardino-Riverside-Ontario, 

California 

Norfolk-Portsmouth, Virginia 

Allentown-Bethlehem-Easton, 

Pennsylvania 

Akron , Ohio 

Tampa-St . Petersburg , Florida 

Springfield -Holyoke , Massachusetts . . . 

Toledo, Ohio 

Wilies-Barre-Hazleton, Pennsylvania.. 

Omaha , Nebraska 

Fort Worth, Texas 

Hartford, Connecticut 

Wheeling, West Virginia-Steubenville, 

Ohio 

Syracuse , New York, 

Knoxville , Tennessee 

Phoenix, Arizona 

Richmond , Virginia 

Oklahoma City, Oklahoma 

Charleston, West Virginia 

Nashville, Tennessee 

Jacksonville, Florida 

Remainder of the United States 



165,153 

70,335 

29,039 
7,725 
6,921 
5,009 
3,174 
3,891 
3,143 

2,238 
2,168 
2,049 
1,001 
1,542 
1,614 
1,271 

17,475 

1,188 
1,203 
1,304 
1,340 
1,043 

1,296 
1,123 
1,013 
981 
1,246 

682 
958 
511 
523 
789 

433 
609 
605 
628 



11,973 

1,058 
572 
716 
445 

417 
411 

467 
374 

650 
482 
512 
379 
560 
540 

559 

295 
478 
298 
492 

457 
605 
262 
438 
506 

64,670 



129,117 



60,708 

27,077 
6,547 
4,815 
3,972 
2,259 
3,346 
2,665 

1,780 
1,891 
1,756 
754 
1,495 
1,283 
1,068 

13,460 

1,103 

1,051 

1,080 

781 

797 

1,034 
819 
765 
740 
841 

559 
731 
511 
319 
614 

339 

476 
425 
475 

9,049 

537 
505 
508 
320 

226 
355 

387 
311 

394 
356 
436 
367 
464 
357 

438 

255 
409 
231 
253 

406 
489 
254 
363 
423 

45,900 



101,100,941 



50,650,945 

21,691,360 
6,349,336 
4,179,404 
2,853,834 
2,252,046 
2,397,223 
2,387,238 

1,238,788 

1,743,070 

1,444,523 

670,216 

898,655 

1,692,718 

852,484 

13,502,761 

745 ,499 

715,700 

1,270,680 

1,385,323 

479,413 

867,025 
987,245 
921,526 
859,976 
1,217,260 

533,443 
638,133 
385,534 
266,874 
734,633 

216,296 
384,926 
522,150 
371,120 

8,073,613 

567,534 

326,071 

1,233,626 

287,277 

197,140 
287,422 

203,978 
195,498 

316,265 
240,434 
319,259 
133,259 
533,176 
421,448 

379,917 

115,555 
295,425 
169,108 
300,691 

370,680 
383,157 
138,652 
323,770 
334,276 

28,873,617 



100.0 



50.1 

21.5 
6.3 
4.1 
2.3 
2.2 
2.4 
2.4 



13.4 

0.7 
0.7 
1.3 
1.4 
0.5 

0.9 
1.0 
0.9 
0.9 
1.2 

0.5 
0.6 
0.4 
0.3 
0.7 

0.2 
0.4 
0.5 
0.3 



8.0 



0.2 
0.3 

0.2 
0.2 

0.3 
0.2 
0.3 
0.1 
0.5 
0.4 

0.4 

0.1 
0.3 
0.2 
0.3 

0.4 
0.4 
0.1 
0.3 
0.3 



76,533,260 



40,149,296 

17,186,476 
5,015,512 
2,588,740 
2,315,865 
1,467,349 
2,310,792 
1,932,313 

1,090,555 

1,411,592 

1,332,615 

504,626 

799,734 

1,540,398 

651,679 

10,259,077 

758,377 
635,127 
1,124,616 
891,155 
338,265 

645,265 
702,469 
641,365 
592,792 
828,269 

427,227 
496,450 
338,342 
147,502 
529,865 

153,022 
326,526 
410,814 
271,129 

6,002,487 

282,534 

259,504 

1,013,919 

184,034 

76,000 
216,971 

133,991 
145,564 

183,524 
172,842 
298,355 
128,201 
454,337 
329,219 

247,454 

104,037 
224,190 
142,913 
158,356 

299,295 
280,216 
171,981 
240,268 
254,732 



23.5 20,122,400 



100.0 



52.5 

22.5 
6.6 
3.4 
3.0 
1.9 
3.0 
2.5 

1.4 
1.8 
1.7 
0.7 
1.0 
2.0 
0.9 



13.4 

1.0 
0.8 
1.5 
1.2 
0.4 

0.3 
0.9 
0.8 
0.3 
1.1 

0.6 
0.6 
0.4 
0.2 
0.7 

0.2 
0.4 
0.5 
0.4 



7.8 

0.4 
0.3 
1.3 
0.2 

0.1 
0.3 

0.2 
0.2 

0.2 
0.2 
0.4 
0.2 
0.6 
0.4 

0.3 

0.1 
0.3 
0.2 
0.2 

0.4 
0.4 
0.2 
0.3 
0.3 

26.3 



150,697,361 



44,440,496 

12,911,994 
5,495,364 
4,367,911 
3,671,048 
3,016,197 
2,369,986 
2,240,767 

2,213,236 
1,681,281 
1,465,511 
1,464,039 
1,337,373 
1,116,509 
1,089,230 

12,398,635 

904,402 
871,047 
814,357 
806,701 
737,203 

732,992 
704,829 
635,405 
671,797 
614,799 

576,900 
563,832 
553,928 
556,308 
551,777 

523,498 
514,490 
503,410 
500,460 



9,324,052 

495 ,084 
487,632 
482,393 
457,333 

451,688 
446,200 

437,824 
410,032 

409,143 
407,255 
395,551 
392,241 
366,395 
361,253 

358,081 

354,092 
341,719 
337,105 
331,770 

328,050 
325,352 
322,072 
321,758 
304,029 

84,534,178 



1 


1 


1 


2 


2 


2 


3 


3 


3 


4 


4 


4 


5 


7 


8 


6 


5 


5 


7 


6 


6 


8 


13 


12 


9 


8 


9 


10 


10 


10 


11 


25 


25 


12 


18 


16 


13 


9 


7 


14 


21 


19 


15 


22 


17 


16 


24 


22 


17 


12 


11 


18 


11 


14 


19 


31 


31 


20 


19 


20 


21 


16 


13 


22 


17 


21 


23 


20 


23 


24 


15 


15 


25 


28 


28 


26 


26 


26 


27 


33 


30 


28 


48 


51 


29 


23 


24 


30 


50 


50 


31 


34 


33 


32 


30 


29 


33 


37 


38 


34 


27 


36 


35 


40 


39 


36 


14 


13 


37 


47 


45 


38 


52 


57 


39 


46 


44 


40 


51 


54 


41 


53 


52 


42 


43 


46 


43 


49 


47 


44 


42 


35 


45 


56 


55 


46 


29 


27 


47 


32 


32 


48 


36 


41 


49 


57 


56 


50 


45 


43 


51 


54 


53 


52 


44 


49 


53 


38 


34 


54 


35 


37 


55 


55 


48 


56 


41 


42 


57 


39 


40 



Represents zero. 



12 



WHOLESALE TRADE-SUMMARY STATISTICS 



employees sometime during the year but none in the specified 
workweek are classified as businesses with one paid employee. 

Of the 252,000 wholesale establishments in the United States 
at the end of 1954, only 2,451, or 1 percent, were in the 100-or- 
more employee size bracket; an additional 5,491, or 2 percent, 
were in the 50-99 employee bracket; and 21,736 or 9 percent, 
engaged the services of 20-49 paid employees. Thus, 29,678 
establishments, or 12 percent of the total, each had 20 or more 
paid employees. These 29,678 establishments reported 1,500,000 
employees or 60 percent of the total for all wholesale trade. 



In the caseof merchant wholesalers— wholesale establishments 
that buy and sell merchandise on their own account— only 1,318 
of the 165,000 establishments reported 100 or more employees. 
An additional 3,481 establishments, less than 2 percent, reported 
50-99 employees; and 14,701, or 9 percent, reported 20-49 
employees. Thus, 19,500 or 11.8 percent of the 165,000 mer- 
chant wholesaler establishments each reported 20 or more paid 
employees as of the workweek ended nearest November 15 . These 
11.8 percent of the establishments accounted for one-half of the 
sales and approximately 60 percent of the annual payroll of all 
merchant wholesalers. 



Table G. SALES SIZE OF ESTABLISHMENT— MERCHANT WHOLESALERS AND TOBACCO DISTRIBUTORS— UNITED STATES: 195^ 



Sales size of establishment 



Merchant wholesalers 



Estab- 
lishments 



( Number ) 



Sales, entire year 



Amount 



($1,000) 



Percent 

of 

total 



Operat- 
ing ex- 
penses 
as per- 
cent of 
sales 



Payroll 
as per- 
cent of 
sales 



Tobacco distributors 



Estab- 
lishments 



(Number! 



Sales, entire year 



Amount 



($1,000) 



Percent 

of 

total 



Operat- 
ing ex- 
penses 
as per- 
cent of 
sales 



Payroll 
as per- 
cent of 
sales 



Total 

Establishments operated entire year 
total 

With annual sales of — 

$10,000,000 and over 

$5,000,000 to 9,999,000 

$2,000,000 to ^,999,000 

$1,000,000 to 1,999,000 

$500,000 to 999,000 

$300,000 to "499,000 

.*200,000 to 299,000 

$100,000 to 199,000 

$50,000 to 99,000 

Less than $50,000 

Establishments not operated entire 
year 

(z) Less than 0.05 percent. 



165,153 



159,687 



815 
1,638 
6,609 
11,969 
19,663 
19,583 
17,886 
31,174 
25,011 
25,339 



5,'i66 



101,100,9<il 



99,619,703 



18,584,598 

11,223,011 

19,940,896 

16,741,594 

13,952,367 

7,656,795 

4,424,833 

4,532,948 

1,857,660 

705,001 



1,481,238 



100.0 



98.5 



18.4 

11.1 

19.7 

16.5 

13 -.8 

7.6 

4.4 

4.5 

1.8 

0.7 



1.5 



13.2 



13.1 



5.7 
9.3 
11.5 
13.8 
16.6 
18.9 
20.5 
22.5 
25.4 
31.0 



14.3 



6.9 



6.9 



3.0 

5.3 

6.4 

7.6 

8.6 

9.6 

10.3 

11.1 

12.1 

15.5 



6.9 



2,858 



2,800 



13 

56 

315 

583 

764 

451 

283 

211 

77 

47 



58 



3,208,929 



3,158,575 



165,698 

383,297 

938,492 

822,832 

558,886 

179,323 

70,986 

31,731 

6,104 

1,226 



50,354 



100.0 



98.4 



5.2 

12.0 

29.2 

25.6 

17.4 

5.6 

2.2 

1.0 

0.2 

(z) 



1.6 



5.9 



5.9 



5.5 
4.8 
5.2 
5.6 
7.2 
7.3 
8.1 
7.9 
13.0 
22.7 



5.7 



3.2 



3.2 



3.2 
3.2 
3.2 
3.3 
3.2 
3.1 
2.9 
3.4 
5.7 
12.4 



3.1 



Table H. SALES SIZE OF MERCHANT WHOLESALERS, BY CITY SIZE: 1954 
(Sales expressed as a percentage of total sales of all merchant wholesalers) 



City size 
(Number of inhabitants) 



All 
estab- 
lish- 
ments 



Establishments operated entire year with sales of — 



$2,000,000 

and 

over 



$1,000,000 

to 
$1,999,000 



$500,000 

to 
$999,000 



$200,000 

to 
,$499,000 



Less 

than 

$200,000 



Establish- 
ments not 
operated 
entire 
year 



Popula- 
tion 
1950 as 
percent 
of U.S. 
total 



United States, total 

In cities of 500,000 or more... 
In cities of 100,000 to 499,999 
In cities of 25,000 to 99,999.. 
In cities of 5,000 to 24,999... 
In remainder of United States.. 



100.0 

44.3 

23.9 

13.5 

8.9 

9.4 



49.2 

26.0 

12.3 

5.1 

2.4 

3.4 



16.6 



13.8 

5.0 
3.2 

2.3 

1.7 
1.6 



11.9 

4.2 
2.5 
2.0 
1.7 
1.5 



7.0 

2.3 
1.3 
1.1 
1.1 
1.2 



1.5 

0.6 
0.3 
0.2 
0.2 
0.2 



100.0 

17.6 
11.8 
11.8 
13.3 
45.5 



SUMMARY OF FINDINGS 

Table J. EMPLOYMENT SIZE OF WHOLESALE ESTABLISHMENTS— UNITED STATES: 1954 AND 1948^ 



13 



Employment size of establishment 



United States, total. 



Establishments with — 

1 paid employee 

2 paid employees 

3 paid employees 

4 or 5 paid employees 

6 or 7 paid employees 

8 or 9 paid employees 

10 to 19 paid employees.... 
20 to 49 paid employees . . . . 
50 to 99 paid employees.... 
100 or more paid employees . 



Wholesale trade — all types of operation 



Estab- 
lish- 
ments , 
1954 

( Number ) 



252,318 

57,535 
32,891 
25,760 
34,813 
23,192 
14,411 
34,038 
21,736 
5,491 
2,451 



Paid employees, 

workweek ended 

nearest 

November 15 

as percent 

of total 



1954 



100.0 

1.3 
2.2 
2.7 



5 
5 
4, 
17 
25 
14, 
19, 



1948 



100.0 

1.5 

2.5 

2.9 

5.7 

5.3 

4.4 

16.6 

24.2 

15.1 

21.8 



Payroll entire 
year, as per- 
cent of total 



1954 



100.0 

2.0 

2.2 

2.7 

5.6 

5.6 

4.8 

18.0 

25.5 

14.8 

18.8 



1948 



100.0 

1.2 

2.1 

2.7 

5.5 

5.3 

4.6 

17.1 

24.9 

15.1 

21.5 



Merchant wholesalers 



Estab- 
lish- 
ments, 
1954 

(Number) 



165,153 

30,457 
21,409 
17,536 
24,498 
16,793 
10,502 
24,458 
14,701 
3,481 
1,318 



Sales as per- 
cent of total 



1954 



100.0 

3.6 

3.5 

3.9 

7.2 

6.9 

5.6 

18.8 

24.2 

13.3 

13.0 



1948 



100.0 

3.6 

4.7 

4.5 

8.0 

6.7 

5.1 

17.1 

22.0 

13.2 

15.1 



Paid employees, 

workweek ended 

nearest 

November 15, 

as percent 

of total 



1954 



100.0 

1.2 

2.1 

2.7 

5.9 

6.1 

5.3 

19.9 

27.0 

14.7 

15.1 



1948 



100.0 

1.2 

2.1 

2.7 

5.8 

5.8 

4.9 

18.5 

25.9 

15.1 

18.0 



Payroll 

entire year, 

as percent 

of total 



1954 



100.0 

1.9 

2.1 

2.7 

5.9 

6.1 

5.3 

19.9 

26.9 

14.6 

14.6 



1948 



100.0 

0.9 

1.7 

2.4 

5.4 

5.6 

4.9 

18.7 

26.8 

15.5 

18.1 



■^1948 includes milk bottling plants, 1954 excludes milk bottling plants. 



Employment Size and City Size . — In the accompanying Table 
K, which is derived from Table 2G and Chapter 2, sales are 
measured by employment size of establishments cross-classified 
by size of city in which the establishments were located. Each 
of the five major type-of-operation groups into which all whole- 
sale establishments are classified is considered separately, and 
sales are expressed as a percent of total for the type-of-opera- 
tion group. 

As shown in the table, the most important single employment- 
size-city-size classification among merchant wholesalers and 
also for manufacturers' sales branches and offices is establish- 
ments with 50 or more paid employees located in cities of 
500,000 inhabitants or more— 14.3 percent of all sales of mer- 
chant wholesalers and 29.3 percent ofall sales of manufacturers' 
sales branches and offices were in this employment-size-city- 
size bracket. 

At the other extreme, some concentration is noted in the 
smallest employee- size bracket and in rural areas or smaller 
communities for petroleum bulk plants and terminals and among 
assemblers of farm products-15.4 percent of all sales of the 
former and 22.6 percent of the sales of the latter were by es- 
tablishments with 1-3 paid employees located in rural areas or 
in cities of less than 5,000 inhabitants. 

Summarizing, in the field of wholesale trade, manufacturers' 
sales branches and merchant wholesalers are large establish- 
ments from the standpoint of employment and tend to concentrate 
in the larger population centers. Petroleum bulk plants and farm 
products assemblers, on the other hand, employ a small number 
of persons and are frequently found in smaller cities or in rural 
communities. Merchandise agents and brokers are as a rule 
small employers but are concentrated in large cities. 

Single units and multiunits . — Wholesale establishments are 
classified in Table 2H of Chapter 2 according to the total number 
of wholesale establishments operated by the owner as: 

"Single units" -establishments of firms operating only one 
wholesale establishment; or "multiunits"-establishments 
owned by firms operating more than one wholesale es- 
tablishment. 



Over 70 percent or 181,000 of the 252,000 establishments were 
operated by single -unit firms, firms that had only one wholesale 
establishment at the end of 1954; and 4 percent, or 10,855 es- 
tablishments, were maintained by firms with two wholesale 
places of business. At the other extreme, 27,215 establishments, 
or 11 percent of the total number, were operated by firms that 
had 100 or more wholesale places of business. The remaining 
establishments were about equally distributed among the other 
firm-size classification. 

The accompanying Table L, measures sales of establishments 
for the various firm- sizes as a percent of the total sales for 
each type-of-operation group. Single-establishment firms 
predominate among three of the five major type-of-operation 
groups, with 72 percent of the sales of merchant wholesalers, 
82 percent for merchandise agents and brokers, and 68 percent 
for assemblers of farm products. In contrast, 75 percent of all 
manufacturers' sales branches and sales offices are shown in 
firms with 15 or more establishments. Petroleum bulk plants 
and terminals show concentration in the two extremes: 22 percent 
in single-unit firms and 67 percent in firms with 100 or more 
establishments. 

CREDIT, RECEIVABLES, BAD-DEBT LOSSES 

Report forms used in enumerating merchant wholesalers in 
connection with the 1954 Census of Business provided for re- 
porting credit sales separate from cash sales; also end-of-year 
receivables, and bad-debt losses. Results from this inquiry 
are presented in Chapter 3, for the country as a whole in Table 
3A, and for standard metropolitan areas of 500,000 inhabitants 
or more in Table 3B. 

Of the 165,153 merchant wholesale establishments in the 
United States, 118,008 reported that they did a credit business; 
13,715 reported that they did a cash business only; and 33,430 
failed to report on this inquiry. Failure to report the infor- 
mation may have resulted from a misunderstanding of the 
inquiry, belief that it did not apply, or lack of appropriate in- 
formation. 



14 



WHOLESALE TRADE-SUMMARY STATISTICS 



PERCENT 

lOOr— 



90 



80 



70 



60 



50 



40 



30 



20 



10 



CHART 3.-MERCHANT WHOLESALERS: 1954 AND 1948 

PERCENT DISTRIBUTION OF SALES BY EMPLOYMENT SIZE 
OF ESTABLISHMENT-UNITED STATES 



g:::::;:;:Y4J%;x;:;:;S 







4 TO 7 PAID EMPLOYEES 



I TO 3 PAID EMPLOYEES 



13 5% 



;8.7% 



1954 



1948 



PERCENT 

^-ilOO 



90 



80 



70 



60 



50 



30 



CHART 4. -MERCHANT WHOLESALERS: 1954 AND 1948 

PERCENT DISTRIBUTION OF SALES BY CITY SIZE- 
UNITED STATES 



PERCENT 

100 1 — 



80 



50 



30 




:23.9%:i 







1954 



CITIES OF 500,000 OR MORE 




CITIES OF 100,000 TO 499,999 



CITIES OF 25,000 TO 99,999 

CITIES OF 5,000 TO 24,999 
REMAINDER OF UNITED STATES 



24.1% 




;:7.57o 



5.8% 
1948 



PERCENT 
ilOO 



■90 



-70 



SUMMARY OF FINDINGS 



15 



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16 WHOLESALE TRADE-SUMMARY STATISTICS 

Table K. EMPLOYMENT SIZE OF WHOLESALE ESTABLISHMENTS, BY TYPE OF OPERATION AND CITY SIZE— UNITED STATES: 195<i 

(Sales as percent of total, by type of operation) 



City size 



(Number of inhabitants) 



Total, all 
establish- 
ments 



Establishments with — 



1 to 3 

paid 

employees 



^ to 7 

paid 

employees 



8 to 19 

paid 

employees 



20 to 49 

paid 
employees 



50 or 
more paid 
employees 



Merchant wholesalers , total 

In cities of 500,000 or more 

In cities of 100,000 to 4-99,999 

In cities of 25,000 to 99,999 

In cities of 5,000 to 24,999 

In remainder of United States 

Manufacturers' sales branches and sales offices, total 

In cities of 500,000 or more 

In cities of 100,000 to 499,999 

In cities of 25,000 to 99,999 

In cities of 5,000 to 24,999 

In remainder of United States 

Petroleum bulk plants, terminals and LP gas facilities, total 

In cities of 500,000 or more 

In cities of 100,000 to 499,999 

In cities of 25,000 to 99,999 

In cities of 5,000 to 24,999 

In remainder of United States 

Merchandise agents and brokers , total 

In cities of 500,000 or more 

In cities of 100,000 to 499,999 

In cities of 25,000 to 99,999 

In cities of 5,000 to 24,999 

In remainder of United States 

Assemblers of farm products, total 

In cities of 500,000 or more 

In cities of lOOJOOO to 499,999 

In cities of 25,000 to 99,999 

In cities of 5,000 to 24,999 

In remainder of United States 



100.0 

44.4 

23.9 

13.5 

8.8 

9.4 

100.0 

62.4 

24.8 

6.4 

3.1 

3.3 

100.0 
12.4 
15.1 
16.1 
18.9 
37.5 

100.0 

55.2 

19.3 

8.2 

6.7 

10.6 

100.0 

7.9 

9.2 

8.9 

16.1 

57.9 



11.0 
4.7 
1.9 
1.3 
1.4 
1.7 

4.0 
1.8 
1.4 
0.4 
0.2 
0.2 

27.1 
0.4 
0.9 
2.5 
7.9 

15.4 

28.7 
15.9 
6.3 
2.4 
1.9 
2.2 

30.0 
0.5 
1.5 
1.5 
3.9 

22.6 



14.1 
5.6 
2.9 
2.0 
1.8 
1.8 

7.4 
3.9 
2.3 
0.7 
0.3 
0.2 

15.0 
0.4 
1.1 
2.8 
4.2 
6.5 

21.3 

11.3 

5.2 

2.0 

1.3 
1.5 

22.4 

1.0 
1.3 
2.5 
3.3 
14.3 



24.4 
9.9 
5.6 
4.0 
2.7 
2.2 

19.1 
10.5 
5.7 
1.6 
0.7 
0.6 

18.5 
1.4 
3.3 
4.1 
3.4 
6.3 

22.6 
11.7 
4.8 
1.8 
1.0 
3.3 



19 
1 
3 

1 

3 

10 



24.2 
9.9 
6.8 
3.8 
1.9 
1.8 

27.6 
16.9 
7.0 
2.0 
0.8 
0.9 

16.6 
2.1 
4.6 
2.3 
2.1 
5.5 

17.2 
9.0 
2.0 
1.5 
1.7 
3.0 



13 
1 
2 

1 
2. 

5 



?6.3 
14.3 
6.7 
2.4 
1.0 
1.9 

41.9 
29.3 
8.4 
1.7 
1.1 
1.4 

22.8 
8.1 
5.2 
4.4 
1.3 
3.8 



10, 

7- 
1. 
0, 
0, 
0, 



14.3 
3.6 
0.5 
2.4 
2.9 
4.9 



Table L. SINGLE-UNIT AND MULTIUNIT WHOLESALE ESTABLISHMENTS— UNITED STATES: 
(Sales as percent of total, by type of operation) 



1954 



Number of wholesale establishments operated by firm 



Merchant 
wholesalers 



Manuf ac turers ' 
sales branches, 
sales offices 



Petroleum 

bulk plants, 

terminals 



Merchandise 
agents , 
brokers 



Assemblers of 
farm products 



Wholesale establishments, total 

In single-unit firms 

In multiunit firms with 2 wholesale establishments 

3 wholesale establishments 

4 or 5 wholesale establishments 

6 to 9 wholesale establishments 

10 to 14 wholesale establishments... 
15 to 24 wholesale establishments... 
25 to 49 wholesale establishments... 
50 to 99 wholesale establishments... 
100 or more wholesale establishments 



100.0 



71.6 



100.0 

5.3 

2.1 

1.9 

3.0 

5.5 

7.0 

12.3 

15.3 

13.2 

34.4 



100.0 

22.3 

2.1 
1.3 
1.1 
0.5 
0.8 
1.0 
1.0 
3.1 
66.8 



100.0 

82.1 

4.8 
3.0 
2.2 
2.6 
3.4 
0.8 



} A 



100.0 

68.3 

6.4 
2.8 



Credit business predominated among merchant wholesalers as 
illustrated by the fact that the 118,008 establishments which 
reported credit sales accounted for approximately three- 
fourths of all merchant wholesalers' sales. Furthermore, 
credit sales represented 88.3 percent of. the total sales of 
establishments reporting credit business. In 109 of the 161 
kinds of business for which data are shown separately in Table 
3A, credit sales exceeded 90 percent of the sales of those 
selling in this manner. 

"Cash sales only" businesses, although they accounted for 
only a small portion of total sales volume, were particularly 
important among farm products merchants, beer distributors, 
and in some segments of tl.j grocery trade. One-third or more 
of the establishments in the following kinds of business reported 



that they were on an "all cash" basis: Cash-carry food depots; 
beer, ale distributors; cotton merchants; livestock distributors; 
and iron, steel scrap dealers (without processing, preparation 
equipment). 

End-of-year receivables amounted to 8.4 percent of total 
sales of those doing a credit business, and 9.5 percent of credit 
sales. Bad-debt losses — receivables written off during 1954 
as uncollectible— amounted to 0.14 percent of sales or fourteen 
cents for each $100 of business. As shown in the accompanying 
Table M, credit sales, receivables, and bad-debt losses, ex- 
pressed as a percentage of sales, were up slightly over 1948, 
the year of the most recent census prior to 1954. Receivables, 
however, were below the prewar 1939 level of 10.8 percent of 
sales. 



SUMMARY OF FINDINGS 



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18 



WHOLESALE TRADE-SUMMARY STATISTICS 



Table M. CREDIT SAI£S, RECEIVABLES, BAD-DEBT LOSSES OF MER- 
CHANT WHOLESALERS— UNITED STATES: 1954, 1948^, and 1939^ 

(Limited to establishments reporting credit business) 



Item 


1954 
percent of 
all sales 


1948 
percent of 
all sales 


1939 
percent of 
all sales 




88.3 
8.4 
0.14 


85.5 
7.2 
0.12 


(NA) 


End-of-year receivables 


10.8 
(NA) 







(NA) Not available. 

■'■1948 and 1939 data include establishments without paid 
employees and milk bottling plants. 

SALES BY CLASS OF CUSTOMER 

Dollar sales of wholesale establishments are classified by 
class of customer in Chapter 4. Two types of establishments 
are excluded from this analysis: (1) petroleum bulk plants and 
terminals, who were requested to report class of customer in- 
formation for gallonage sales rather than for dollar sales; 
and (2) sales branches and sales offices of food processors 
and tobacco manufacturers, who were not required to report 
sales by class of customer. The class-of-customer inquiry 
varied slightly according to the kind of business covered. 

As shown in the accompanying Table N, slightly less than one- 
half (45.2 percent) of the sales of merchant wholesalers was to 
retailers, with industrial-commercial-institutional and similar 
users constituting the second most important customer class 
(32.0 percent). Fifteen percent was duplication in the sense 
that it represented sales to otherwholesaleorganizations— sales 
from wholesalers to sub jobbers, wagon distributors, etc. Ex- 
port sales amounted to 4.9 percent of sales of merchant whole- 
salers, while the remaining 2.8 percent represented sales to 
consumers and farmers. 

Industrial, commercial and similar users constituted the most 
important class of customer of merchandise agents and brokers 
and of assemblers of farm products, taking 43.7 percent of the 
sales of the former and 45.1 percent of the latter. Wholesale 
accounts were the second most important for both type- of - 
operation groups with 37.1 percent and 34. 6 percent respectively. 

Some interesting trends are noted in comparing results of the 
1935, 1939, and 1948 Censuses. Data for census years prior to 
1954 are unadjusted for scope changes and some refinements 



in wording of inquiries were incorporated in 1954. These dif- 
ferences between 1954 and earlier censuses, although significant 
in some kinds of business, are not believed to materially in- 
fluence a comparison of the type-of-operation totals for all kinds 
of business combined. 

"Sales to retailers" represents a declining portion of the total 
for each of the three major type-of-operation groups for which 
data are shown in Table M. In the case of merchant wholesalers, 
sales to retailers declined consistently from 59.2 percent of 
their dollar volume in 1935 to 58.9 percent in 1939, to 46.9 per- 
cent in 1948, and to 45.2 percent in 1954. 

On the other hand, sales to industrial commercial and similar 
users represented an increasing portion of the total for all 
type-of-operation groups— for merchant wholesalers 24.9 percent 
in 1935 to 32.0 percent in 1954. 

Sales to wholesale organizations account for an increasing 
portion of the business of merchant wholesalers, but a declining 
portion for assemblers of farm products. No significant trend 
is noted in the portion of sales by agents and brokers to whole- 
sale customers. Sales to consumeis and farmers, although 
small, showed a tendency to increase. 

Class of customer data contain an element of judgment a.s 
generally this type of information is not readily available from 
book records. Respondents were requested to report an analysis 
of their sales by customer class from book records, if available, 
otherwise on the basis of their best possible approximations. 
The results, therefore, are apt to be less accurate than data 
which are readily available from financial statements. The 
figures do, however, represent a combination of information 
from company records and information based on judgment of 
those most familiar with the subject. Completeness of re- 
porting for each classification is indicated by the ratio of sales 
reported by class of customer to sales of all establishments. 
Data are withheld from publication for classifications having 
less than 70 percent coverage. 

Some variations in class of customer inquiries are worthy of 
note; 

Instructions on the form used in enumerating food whole- 
salers provided for reporting sales to restaurants along 
with sales to other institutional users as sales to "in- 
dustrial, commercial, institutional, professional users," 
despite the fact that restaurants are classified in the Stand- 
ard Industrial Classification system as retail businesses. 



Table N. SALES BY CLASS OF CUSTOMER— UNITED STATES: 1954, 1948, 1939, AND 1935^ 





Total 


Sales of establishments reporting class of customer 




Estab- 
lishments 

(Number) 


Sales 
($1,000) 


Total 
($1,000) 


Percentage distribution 


Type of operation and census year 


To 
retailers 


To indus- 
trial 
commercial 
, and similar 
users^ 


To 
wholesale 
organiza- 
tions 


To con- 
sumers 

and 
farmers 


For 
export 


Merchant wholesalers: 

1954 


165,153 

146,518 

101,627 

88,931 

22,131 
24,361 
20,903 
18,147 

13,255 
19,268 
29,122 
26,515 


101,100,941 
79,766,589 
23,641,924 
17,661,691 

39,250,509 

34,610,092 

11,201,035 

8,908,076 

9,050,816 

10,957,893 

3,088,571 

2,463,011 


87,235,929 
75,838,020 
21,972,974 
15,905,271 

33,729,858 

28,691,265 

9,839,969 

6,697,013 

6,488,377 

10,053,170 

2,698,058 

1,773,011 


45.2 
46.9 
58.9 
59.2 

13.8 
16.1 
16.8 
21.0 

6.8 

9.4 

13.5 

12.7 


32.0 
31.8 
23.6 
24.9 

43.7 
41.8 
35.8 
34.9 

45.1 
32.6 
21.3 
29.5 


15.1 
13.7 

11.6 
10.2 

37.1 
36.5 
40.6 
39.4 

34.6 
51.8 
55.8 
50.0 


2.8 
1.6 
1.9 
1.9 

2.1 
0.4 
0.7 
0.1 

10.9 
5.3 
6.2 
4.1 


4.9 


1948 


6.0 


1939 


4.0 


1935 


3.8 


Merchandise agents and brokers: 

195i 


3.4 


1948 


5.2 


1939 


6.1 


1935 


4.6 


Assemblers of farm products: 

1954 


2.5 


1948 


0.9 


1939 


3.2 


1935 


3.7 







^Data for 1948, 1939, and 1935 include establishments without paid employees and milk bottling plants, 
'includes sales to Federal Government. 



SUMMARY OF FINDINGS 

CHART 7 — MERCHANT WHOLESALERS: 1954— PERCENT DISTRIBUTION OF SALES BY CLASS OF CUSTOMER, 

FOR SPECIFIED KINDS OF BUSINESS— UNITED STATES 

(Limiteo to Cbtaol jsh"(ents reporting class of customer) 

KINDS OF BUSINESS 



General-line drug wholesalers 

General-line grocery wholesalers 

Beer, ale distributors 

Tobacco distributors 

Electrical appliance, radio, TV set wholesalers 

Book, magazine, newspaper wholesalers 

General-line hardware wholesalers 

Sporting goods wholesalers 

Household furniture wholesalers 

Automotive parts, accessories jobbers 

Electronic parts, equipment distributors 

Lumber, miUwork wholesalers 

General-line electrical goods, distributors 

Curtain, drapery wholesalers 

Plumbing fixtures, supplies distributors 

Shoe service wholesalers 

Air conditioning, commercial refrigeration 
equipnent distributors 

Piece goods wholesalers 

Beauty, barber supply hou^ies 

Printing and fine paper distributors 

Iron, steel and products distributors 

Welders' supply houses 

Industrial chemicals, explosives distributors 

Surgical, medical, hospital supply houses 

Oi 1 wel 1 supply houses 

Cotton merchants 



19 




To retailers. 



U To industrial, commercial, etc., users including sales to the Federal Government. 
To wholesale organizations. 



To consumers and farmers. 
For export. 



20 



WHOLESALE TRADE-SUMMARY STATISTICS 



Forms used in enumerating automotive wholesalers and 
electrical-electronic-appliance distributors provided for 
reporting separately "sales to repair shops." Such sales 
are included in the tables as "sales to retailers," but 
measured separately in footnotes to Tables 4A and 4B. 

Forms used in enumerating machinery -equipment -sup- 
plies distributors, coal wholesalers, and scrap-waste-ma- 
terials dealers made no distinction between "sales to in- 
dustrial, commercial, etc., users" and "sales to consumers 
and farmers" as sales of the latter type are relatively un- 
important to these kinds of business. 

The form used in enumerating scrap and waste materials 
dealers made no distinction between "sales to retailers" and 
"sales to wholesale organizations," as all sales to resellers 
were combined. The amounts are included in the tables 
under "sales to wholesale organizations" as very few of 
the products of these trades are sold via retailers to con- 
sumers. 

WAREHOUSE AND COLD STORAGE SPACE 

Occupiable warehouse floor space of wholesale establishments 
is measured in Chapter 5. Covered in the tables are merchant 
wholesalers, manufacturers' sales branches with stocks, mer- 
chandise agents and brokers, and assemblers of farm products, 
but not petroleum bulk plants and terminals. (Bulk liquid 
storage space of the latter is measured in Tables 8E through 8J 
of Chapter 8, Petroleum Bulk Plants and Terminals.) 

Floor space is shown for all establishments that reported 
500 square feet or more. To give some measure of reporting 
coverage, the tables also present information on the number of 
establishments, sales, and inventories for all establishments 
whether or not they reported warehouse space. Ratios of in- 
ventories to floor space based on data for establishments re- 
porting more than 500 square feet may be related to total in- 
ventories (including stock of establishments not reporting as 
much as 500 square feet) to provide some indication of total floor 
space requirements for the various kinds of business. 

The number, sales, and inventories of establishments not 
reporting as much as 500 square feet of warehouse floor space 



are shown separately and include several classes of establish- 
ments: small businesses and businesses with merchandise re- 
quiring little warehousing; establishments normally carrying 
no stocks; establishments handling goods not normally requiring 
under- roof floor space; and establishments having warehouse 
floor space at the end of 1954 but failing to report it on the Cen- 
sus form. 

It should be noted that figures given in Chapter 6 exclude 
space in auxiliary warehouses as measured in Tables 9K and 9L 
of Chapter 9, as well as warehouse space occupied by inventory 
in public warehouses (see Chapter 11), in bond, in transit, and 
in producers warehouses awaiting delivery. 

As shown in the accompanying Table P, merchant whole- 
salers reported more than one billion square feet of floor space, 
55.3 percent of which was in single story buildings and 44.7 
percent in multiple story buildings; manufacturers' sales 
branches with stocks reported 137 million square feet, 57.9 
percent of which was in single story buildings and 42.1 percent 
in multiple story buildings; and farm products assemblers re- 
ported 73 million square feet, 70.9 percent of which was in 
single story buildings and 29.1 percent in multiple story build- 
ings. Merchandise agents and brokers reported 68 million 
square feet but they were not requested to distinguish single 
from multi-story buildings. Floor space for the four major 
types of operation combined totaled 1.3 billion square feet or 
the equivalent of 30,000 acres. 

For merchant wholesalers as a group, sales of those reporting 
floor space amounted to $60 annually per square foot. Annual 
sales per square foot of space varied considerably by kind of 
business as indicated by the following ratios: 

General- line grocery wholesalers $90 per square foot 

Confectionery wholesalers $60 per square foot 

Fish, seafood wholesalers $73 per square foot 

Meat wholesalers $148 per square foot 

Specialty- line grocery wholesalers $69 per square foot 

Poultry, poultry products distributors $128 per square foot 
Fresh fruit and vegetable wholesalers $73 per square foot 

Similar ratios for other trades are obtainable for the United 
States as a whole from data in Table 5A. 



Table P. WAREHOUSE FLOOR SPACE OF WHOLESALE ESTABLISHMENTS, BY TYPE OF OPERATION— UNITED STATES: 195-4 



Type of operation 



All establishments 



Number 



Sales 



($1,000) 



Inven- 
tories, 
end of 
year, 
at cost 



($1,000) 



Establishments reporting 500 sq. ft. or more of 
occupiable floor space 



Num- 
ber 



Sales 



($1,000) 



Inven- 
tories, 
end of 
year, 
at cost 



($1,000) 



Occupiable floor space 



Total 



(1,000 
sq. ft.) 



Percentage 
distribution^ 



In 
single 
story 
build- 
ings 



In mul- 
tiple 
story 

build- 
ings 



Establishments not report- 
ing floor space or report- 
ing less than 500 sq. ft. 



Num- 
ber 



Sales 



($1,000) 



Inven- 
tories, 
end of 
year, 
at cost 



(.$1,000) 



Merchant wholesalers. 
Manufacturers ' sales 

branches (with 

stocks) 

Merchandise agents, 

brokers 

Assemblers of farm 

products 



165,153 

U,759 
22,131 
13,255 



101,100,941 

36,811,238 

39,250,509 

9,050,816 



9,524,871 

2,152,720 
103,232 
385,348 



96,031 

10,112 
3,784 
6,371 



61,271,865 

23,986,762 
4,823,314 
3,998,747 



6,915,286 

1,666,596 

34,669 

204,269 



1,018,599 

136,819 
67,691 
73,076 



55.3 

57.9 
(NA) 
70.9 



44.7 

42.1 
(NA) 
29.1 



69,161 

4,654 

18,346 

6,884 



39,948,554 

12,881,706 

34,430,046 

5,052,069 



2,640,521 

490,469 

68,861 

181,079 



(NA) Not available. 

^Based upon information from those reporting single story space separate from multiple story space. 



SUMMARY OF FINDINGS 



21 



COMMODITY- LINE -SALES 



All wholesale establishments except merchandise agents and 
brokers were requested to report sales by commodity line (or 
product class). Statistics compiled from this inquiry appear in 
Chapter 6. Respondents were requested to report sales of the 
specified commodity lines (or product classes) on the basis of 
records where available, otherwise on the basis of the best pos- 



sible approximations. A complete list of commodity line classi- 
fications and product classes appears on pages 6-166 to 6-171. 

The extent to which the commodity analysis was reported for 
any trade may be gauged by comparing the total sales of estab- 
lishments reporting the analysis with the total sales of all estab- 
lishments in the trade; e.g., for general- line grocery whole- 
salers the percentage is 73.7 ($5,421,215,000f$7,353,560,000) 
according to the following Table Q. 



Table Q. C0MM3DITY-LINE SALES, GENERAL-LINE GROCERY WHOLESALERS— UNITED STATES: 195i 



Kind of business and commodity line 



Sales of 

specified 

commodity line 



Amount 



($1,000) 
(1) 



Per- 
cent 
dis- 
tri- 

bu- 
tion 

(2) 



Establishments 

reporting 
commodity line 



Number 



(3) 



Total 
sales, all 
commodity 

lines 

($1,000) 
M 



Col. 1 
as 
per- 
cent 
of 
col. 4 



(5) 



All establishments (number) 3,320 

Total sales ($1,000) 7,353,560 

Sales reported by commodity line, total 

Canned, bottled foods 

Canned baby foods 

Canned fruits, fruit juices 

Canned vegetables, vegetable juices 

Canned fish, seafood 

Canned meats 

Canned milk 

Other canned, bottled foods 

Not reported in detail 

Coffee (green, roasted) 



Confectionery 

Frozen foods 

Groceries (except as specified) 

Flour, related products 

Sugar ( refined ) 

Oleomargarine, butter substitutes.. 
Cooking oils, vegetable shortening. 

Bakery products 

Tea 



Dried fruits 

Other groceries: pickles, jams, breakfast cereals, sauces, etc. 
Not reported in detail 



Dairy products, ice cream, ices. 

Eggs (fresh, storage) 

Poultry 



Fresh fruits, vegetables, berries. 
Peanuts 



Meats, provisions 

Food, beverage basic materials 

Miscellaneous food products 

Beer, fermented malt liquors 

Soft drinks 

Spirits 

Cigarettes, cigars, tobacco 

Smokers' supplies and pipes 

Drugs, druggist sundries 

Soaps, detergents 

Wrapping paper and paper products 

Kitchen utensils, miscellaneous homewares. 
Hardware 



School equipment, supplies 

Feeds, including pet foods 

Commodities, n.e.c, including labor, service and rental receipts. 



5,421,215 

1,763,059 
51,982 
319,891 
4/^2,487 
110, -455 
87,571 
121,341 
156,336 
472,996 

323,213 

127,062 

169, 665 

1,376,355 

208,539 

240,751 

39,036 

75,179 

19,820 

34, 197 

29,631 

310,916 

418,286 

117, 793 
18,643 
11,889 

172,394 
8,045 

127,694 
16,109 
66, 159 
19,091 
7,695 
10,048 

415,792 
11,140 
40, 187 

283,326 

90,206 

9,665 

35,448 

7,705 

64,679 

128,153 



100.0 
32.5 



6.0 

2.3 

3.1 

25.4 



2.2 
0.3 
0.2 
3.2 
0.1 
2.4 
0.3 
1.2 
0.4 
0.1 
0.2 
7.7 
0.2 
0.7 
5.2 
1.7 
0.2 
0.7 
0.1 
1.2 
2.4 



2,147 

2,147 
1,104 
1,531 
1,532 
1,487 
1,485 
1,484 
1,171 
484 

1,932 

1,646 

458 

2,147 
1,517 
1,533 
1,027 
1,426 

605 
1,429 
1,295 
1,425 

450 

828 
126 



425 

453 

602 

428 

296 

96 

430 

16 

1,511 

97 

981 

1,681 

1,318 

223 

594 

752 

846 

(NA) 



XXX 

5,421,215 
3,210,674 
3,831,407 
3,844,567 
3,778,511 
3,744,886 
3,784,806 
3,186,671 
1,303,800 

5,003,575 

4,374,610 

2,236,941 

5,421,215 
3,787,525 
3,809,231 
2,961,711 
3,582,148 
1,380,468 
3,641,597 
3,512,842 
3,506,764 
1,308,393 

2,592,018 

539,479 

517,540 

1,565,078 

1,410,555 

1,657,038 

1,304,517 

868,398 

406,478 

1,471,651 

101,786 

4,036,736 

340,289 

2,600,827 

4,240,320 

3,200,005 

708,899 

1,210,516 

1,613,438 

1,878,723 

(NA) 



XXX 

32.5 
1.6 
8,3 

11.5 
2.9 
2.3 
3.2 
4.9 

36.3 

6.5 

2.9 

7.6 

25.4 
5.5 
6.3 
1.3 

2.1 
1.4 
0.9 
0.8 
8.9 
32.0 

4.5 

3.5 

2.3 

11.0 
0.6 
7.7 
1.2 
7.6 
4.7 
0.5 
9.9 

10.3 
3.3 
1.5 
6.7 
2.8 
1.4 
2.9 
0,5 
3.4 

(NA) 



XXX Not applicable. (NA) Not available. n.e.o. Not elsewhere classified. 




22 



WHOLESALE TRADE-SUMMARY STATISTICS 



CHART 8.-ELECTRICAL APPARATUS, SUPPLIES DISTRIBUTORS: 1954-PERCENT DISTRIBUTION OF SALES 
BY COMMODITY LINE — UNITED STATES AND GEOGRAPHIC DIVISIONS 




UNITED 
STATES 



NEW MIDDLE EAST NORTH WEST NORTH SOUTH EAST SOUTH WEST SOUTH MOUNTAIN 

ENGLAND ATLANTIC CENTRAL CENTRAL ATLANTIC CENTRAL CENTRAL 



Geographic Division 


Total 
sales 

($1,000) 


Soles 
analyzed 

by 
commodity 

line 

C$1,000) 


Sales 
analyzed 
as 
percent 
of 
total 
sales 


United Stales, total 


i, 910,458 

15i,844 
656,310 
658,282 
251,726 
336,565 
125,356 
248,89/. 
90,703 
387,778 


2,791,401 

149,982 
605,573 
632,029 
239,352 
334,631 
123,058 
243,366 
84,074 
379,336 


95.9 
96.9 




92.3 




96.0 




95.1 




99.4 




98.2 




97.8 




92.7 




97.8 







KEY 

OTHER COMMODITY LINES 

TELEPHONE AND SIGNAL EQUIPMENT 



y, GENERATION.TRANSMISSION, OTHER ELECTRICAL APPARATUS 



/:;:;:;:;:;: ELECTRICAL APPLIANCES, RADIO AND TELEVISION SETS 



ELECTRICAL WIRING SUPPLIES, CONSTRUCTION MATERIALS 



SUMMARY OF FINDINGS 



23 



Data published in this report are generally limited to kinds of 
business or geographic divisions where commodity- line coverage 
was 70 percent or more. Data are also withheld at the national 
level for kindsof business in which fewer than 100 establishments 
reported the commodity- line information. They are withheld at 
the geographic division level where fewer than 10 establishments 
reported on this inquiry. Likewise, data for a particular com- 
modity line (or product class) are not shown separately where 
fewer than 4 establishments in the classificatio. reported the 
particular item, but are included in the miscellaneous classifica- 
tion. 

"Percent distribution" of sales of specified commodity lines 
represents the importance of the commodity to the trade as a 
whole. These percentages are based on "sales of specified com- 
modity lines" and are computed by relating the reported sales 
of a specified commodity line to the total sales reported by com- 
modity line for the kind of business. Percentages are published 
for major commodity lines only. In relating sales as reported 
for detailed commodity lines (for which no percentages are 
shown) to total analyzed sales for the trade, consideration should 
be given to any amounts identified as "not reported in detail." 
Such amounts, if any, represent sales reported only at the major 
commodity- line level, not as detailed commodity lines. 

To provide a measure of the relative impwrtance of a specified 
commodity line to the establishments handling the line, percent- 
ages have been derived by dividing sales reported for the com- 
modity by total sales reported by the same establishments. 



Historical Information. 



-Commodity- line information was also 
1939, and 1948 Censuses of Wholesale 



developed from the 1935 
Trade. A comparative summary covering general-line grocery 
wholesalers and hardware wholesalers for 1935, 1948, and 1954 
is presented in the accompanying Table R. 

Basic Iron and Steel Products .— Although other data published 
in this report refer only to wholesale establishments, the data 
shown for basic iron and steel products (Table D of Chapter 6) 
measure total sales of these products by all firms operating 
blast furnaces (SIC Industry 3311), or steel works and rolling 
mills (SIC Industry 3312), whether or not the sales were made by 
establishments classified as wholesale. They include sales made 
from general offices and from plants of producing companies as 
well as sales from sales offices located apart from the plant. 
Sales or transfers to affiliated as well as nonaffiliated ware- 
houses, to oil-well supply companies, and to fabricators (except 
those operating plants in steel works and rolling mills) are also 
included. 

A special questionnaire was designed in cooperation with in- 
dustry representatives to provide data for basic iron and steel 
products, at the 7-digit classification level, compjarable with re- 
sults of the 1954 Census of Manufactures. The questionnaire was 
mailed to all firms in the United States with one or more plants 
classified as blast furnaces or steel works and rolling mills. 

Instructions provided for valuing at market prices intracom- 
pany "sales" to another division or affiliate. Intracompany ship- 
ments to another division or affiliate which in turn operated a 
steel works or rolling mill were to be excluded. Instructions 
also provided for reporting total company sales without duplica- 
tion among sales of district offices, plant sales, and sales of 
auxiliary offices. 

"Sales" of basic iron and steel products, as shown in this re- 
port, may differ from "shipments" of these products as reported 
in the 1954 Census of Manufacturers for a number of reasons. 
Major points of difference are: 

(1) Data in this report represent something less than the 
total manufacturers' shipments of basic iron and steel prod- 
ucts as they are limited to sales of firms with one or more 
plants classified in Industries 3311 and 3312. Sales by other 
firms are excluded. 

(2) Often there is a time lag between sales and shipments. 
Both the Manufactures Census and the Business Census cov- 
ered operations during the year 1954. Late 1954 sales as 
recorded in the Census of Business may not have been 
counted as shipments by manufacturing plants until 1955, and 



thus would not have been included in the 1954 Census of 
Manufactures. Conversely, some early 1954 shipments as 
measured in the 1954 Census of Manufactures may have been 
based on 1953, not 1954 sales. 

(3) Sales figures are sometimes valued at a higher level 
than shipments, as they often include some selling and de- 
livery expenses— expenses incurred apart from the manufac- 
turing plant. 

Table R. COMMODITY-LINE SALES OF GENERAL-LINE 
GROCERY WHOLESALERS AND HARDWARE WHOLESALERS- 
UNITED STATES: 195<i, 1948 AND 1935 

(Commodity-line sales expressed as a per- 
cent of total sales for the kind of business) 



Kind of business and commodity line 



General-line grocery wholesalers 

Canned , bottled foods 

Coffee (green, roasted ) 

Confectionery 

Frozen foods 

Groceries (except as specified) 

Dairy products, ice cream, etc 

Eggs (fresh, storage) 

Poultry 

Fresh fruits, vegetables, berries 

Meats, provisions 

Beer, fermented malt liquors 

Soft drinks 

Wines and spirits 

Cigar, cigarettes, tobacco and smokers' 

supplies 

Drugs , druggist sundries 

Soaps , detergents 

Wrapping paper and paper products 

Hardware 

Feeds (mixed , other ) 

Commodities, n.e.c, including labor, 

service, and rental receipts 



1954 



100.0 
32.5 
6.0 
2.3 
3.1 
25.4 
2.2 
0.3 
0.2 
3.2 
2.4 
0.4 
0.1 
0.2 

7.9 



1948 1 



100.0 
34.9 

4.5 

2.3 


31 

1 





3 

1 





1935^ 



Hardware wholesalers 

Paints , varnishes 

Furniture and fixtures 

China, glassware, crockery 

Kitchen utensils, miscellaneous horaewares. 

Floor coverings 

Automotive parts, supplies, etc 

Electrical wiring supplies construction 

materials 

Electrical appliances 

Hardware 

Plumbing, heating equipment, air 

conditioning 

Farm, garden machinery, etc 

Industrial machinery 

Industrial equipment, supplies 

Iron and steel products (flat) 

Iron and steel wire, wire products 

Iron and steel finished products 

Iron and steel pipe and tubes 

Nonferrous metals, shapes, forms, etc 

Toys, games, athletic goods 

Commodities, n.e.c 

Labor, service and rental receipts 



4.3 



100 
2 
1 

4 
1 
1 

2, 

6, 
51, 

5 
2 

2 

3 
0, 
0, 
0, 
6, 
5, 
0, 



0.1 
0.6 

7.9 
0.7 
5.4 
0.5 
0.5 
1.0 

2.4 

100.0 
1.5 
1.2 
0.5 
1.7 
1.0 
2.2 

2.6 

4.6 

57.7 

5.9 
1.1 

1.2 
2.2 
0.7 
2.3 
1.2 
0.8 
0.4 
6.0 
5.1 
0.1 



100.0 

28.5 

4.4 

2.1 

(NA) 

40.8 

).., 

1.9 
2.2 

1.1 
0.3 

1.4 

6.6 



4.3 

100.0 
2.0 
0.5 
0.7 
(NA) 
(NA) 
3.3 

2.2 

4.1 
58.6 

5.2 
1.7 
0.3 
3.1 

5.0 

0.1 
5.1 
7,8 
0.3 



(NA) Not available, 
n.e.c. Not elsewhere classified. 

•^1948 and 1935 data include establishments without paid 
employees . 



LEGAL FORM OF ORGANIZATION 

Chapter 7 presents data for wholesale establishments classi- 
fied by legal form of organization and a summary is given in the 
accompanying Table S. 

Slightly more than one-half (127,748) of the 252,318 wholesale 
establishments in the United States at the end of 1954 were 
operated by incorporated firms. Individual proprietorships 
were second in number with 70,363 establishments, followed in 
turn by partnerships with 38,923 establishments, and cooperative 



24 



WHOLESALE TRADE-SUMMARY STATISTICS 



associations with 5,925 wholesale places of business. The re- 
maining 9,359 establishments represented other formsof organ- 
ization— State operated businesses, special trusts, etc. — or 
those establishments which failed to report their appropriate 
classification. 

For merchant wholesalers, corporations— other than incor- 
porated cooperatives— accounted for 68 percent of all the sales; 



for manufacturers' sales branches and sales offices, 95 percent; 
for petroleum bulk plants and terminals, 87 percent; for mer- 
chandise agents and brokers, 41 percent; and for assemblers of 
farm products, 30 percent. Cooperative associations, although 
of minor importance among other types of operation, contributed 
35 percent of all sales of assemblers of farm products. 



Table S. WHOLESALE TRADE BY LEGAL FORM OF ORGANIZATION— UNITED STATES: 195<4 





Total, 

all 
estab- 
lish- 
ments 

(Number) 


Merchant 
wholesalers 


Manufacturers ' 

sales branches, 

sales offices 


Petroleum buli 
plants, terminals 


Merchandise 
agents, brokers 


Assemblers of 
farm products 


Legal form of organization 


Estab- 
lish- 
ments 

(Number) 


Sales, 

as 
percent 

of 
total 


Estab- 
lish- 
ments 

(Number) 


Sales, 

as 
percent 

of 
total 


Estab- 
lish- 
ments 

(Number) 


Sales, 

as 
percent 

of 

total 


Estab- 
lish- 
ments 

(Number) 


Sales, 

as 
percent 

of 

total 


Estab- 
lish- 
ments 

(Number) 


Sales, 

as 
percent 

of 
total 


United States, total 

Individual proprietorships... 


252,318 

70,363 

38,923 

127,7^8 

5,925 

9,359 


165,153 

53,370 

30,291 

7^,196 

988 

6,308 


100.0 

10.7 

13.8 

68.2 

2.5 

A.8 


22,590 

-47 

66 

20,899 

58 

1,520 


100.0 

(z) 

0.1 

9A.8 

O.-i 

A.7 


29,189 

3,718 

1,659 

21,88i 

1,6a 

287 


100.0 

6.0 

3.8 

86.5 

2.7 

1.0 


22,131 

9,911 

^,76i 

6,565 

29-4 

597 


100.0 

24.4 

26.7 

41.3 

4.5 

3.1 


13,255 

3,317 
2,143 
4,204 
2,944 

647 


100.0 

13.7 
16.8 




29.7 


Cooperative associations 

Other forms of organization 
(including not reported).... 


34.5 
5.3 



(z) Less than 0.05 percent. 



PETROLEUM BULK PLANTS AND TERMINALS 

A special chapter of this volume has been devoted to the 
operations of petroleum bulk plants and terminals (see Chapter 
8). A summary of storage capacity appears in the accompanying 
Table T. 

Storage capacity, petroleum bulk plants and terminals totaled 
12,497 million gallons as of the end of 1954; 487 million or 4 
percent of which was assigned to aviation gasoline; 4,880 
million, or 39 percent, to other gasolines; 1,995 million or 16 
percent to kerosene; 4,032 million or 32 percent, to distillate 
fuel oils; and 1,103 million gallons or 9 percent, to residual 
fuels. Storage capacity increased 61 percent during the six 
year interval 1948 to 1954 — from 7,767 million to 12,497 mil- 
lion gallons. Space assigned to gasoline increased 47 percent; 
to kerosene 85 percent; and space assigned to heavier liquid 
fuels increased 69 percent. 

Table T. BULK STORAGE CAPACITY OF PETROLEUM BULK PLANTS 
AND TERMINALS— UNITED STATES: 1954 AND 1948 





Bulk storage capacity, 
end of year 


Percent 
change. 


Product 


1954 
(1,000 gallons) 


1948 
(1,000 gallons) 


to 
1954 


United States, total 


12,496,919 

5,366,521 
1,995,322 

\ 5,135,076 
J 


7,766,617 

3,651,527 
1,079,220 

3,035,870 


+60.9 
+47.0 




+84.9 


Distillate fuel oils.. 
Residual fuel oils.... 


+69.1 



The (accompanying Table U presents a "supply and disposition" 
analysis for three principal products: gasoline, kerosene, and 
distillate fuel oils. Exact agreement between supply and dis- 
position is not expected for a number of reasons, among which 
are evaporation, loss, and damage of products; use of products 
by distributors; shipments of imported products directly to 
consumers; and a slight amount of duplication in export figures 
as explained in footnote 2 of the accompanying table. It is inter- 
esting to note, however, that imbalance is in the magnitude of 
only one percent for gasoline and approximately 10 percent for 
kerosene and distillate fuel oils. 



One possible factor in the higher ratios for kerosene and 
distillate fuel oils may be differences in concept of retailer 
versus wholesaler in this area. It is probable that petroleum 
marketers considered as jobbers some firms which the Census 
classified as retail fuel oil dealers. 

Residual fuel oils are not included in the table as imports 
constitute a substantial portion of the trade and there is no 
Census measure of the extent to which the user is also the 
importer. 

MISCELLANEOUS SUBJECTS 

A number of subjects are covered in Chapter 9 as indicated 
in the table of contents on page 9-1. Some of these subjects 
are reviewed briefly in the following paragraphs. 

Lumber Wholesalers' Purchases and Inventories . — Lumber 
wholesalers were requested to report in connection with the 
1954 Census of Business their lumber purchases and inventories 
in terms of thousands of board feet— softwoods, hardwood floor- 
ing, and other hardwoods separately. The results of this inquiry 
are presented in Chapter 9, Table 9C, and they are summarized 
in the accompanying Table V. For purposes of presenting the 
findings lumber wholesalers are subclassified into those with 
yards and those without yards. 

At the end of 1954, there were in the United States 1,124 
lumber distributors (with yards) with sales of $1.1 billion and 
1,678 lumber wholesalers (without yards) with sales of $1.6 
billion for the year. Only 775ofthese 1,124 lumber distributors 
and 839 wholesalers reported purchases and inventories in 
board feet. 

Total sales, including other products as well as lumber, for 
the 775 distributors accounted for 72.8 percent of the sales of 
all lumber distributors; sales of the 839 wholesalers without 
yards accounted for 67.1 percent of the total sales for this clas- 
sification. 

The 775 distributors with yards reported purchases of soft- 
woods totaling 5.3 billion board feet, and if the ratio of board 
feet purchases to dollar sales as calculated for these 775 es- 
tablishments were representative of all establishments in the 
classification, lumber distributors with yards marketed some 
7 billion board feet of softwoods. Likewise on the basis of as- 
sumptions similar to those above, purchases of softwoods by 



SUMMARY OF FINDINGS 



25 



CHART 9. 



200 



-PETROLEUM BULK PLANTS AND TERMINALS; 1954 AND 1948- 
STORAGE CAPACITY BY STATES 



300 



400 



500 






^ 






NEW YORK 

NEW JERSEY 

MICHIGAN 

MASSACHUSETTS ^Sl; 

TEXAS 

PENNSYLVANIA 

FLORIDA 

CONNECTICUT 

WASHINGTON 

ILLINOIS 

NORTH CAROLINA ^; ; 

INDIANA 

MARYLAND 

CALIFORNIA 

OHIO 

WISCONSIN 

VIRGINIA 

IOWA 

MINNESOTA 

RHODE ISLAND 

OREGON 

MAINE 

GEORGIA 

SOUTH CAROLINA 

MISSOURI 

TENNESSEE 

LOUISIANA 



s 



^ 



ALABAMA 
KANSAS 

KENTUCKY 

VERMONT 

MISSISSIPPI 

SOUTH DAKOTA 

NEBRASKA 

WEST VIRGINIA 

IDAHO 

NORTH DAKOTA 

NEW HAMPSHIRE 

OKLAHOMA* 

DELAWARE 

MONTANA 

COLORADO 

ARKANSAS 

ARIZONA 

OIST OF COLUMBIA 

UTAH 

NEW MEXICO 

WYOMING 

NEVADA 



MILLION GALLONS 

600 700 

' I,: 



•800 



1100 



1200 



1300 



1400 



■ >v» - .-.-.-. 



;:;; $-$-;^;;yy^i:i^ 



:-:-x-:-:^^:-::::> 



AJY^^^-■--^-A■^.^.^.^.■^.^.^.^.^..■ ■, 



mrn^ 



:,:::z\:.:.:'^ 



m 



\>.;.\:.:.':.y\UwM ' - : ::!:::::::::::::;: ^ 



^5E 



; ^: v : ::> :::sS3i: 



m: 



3 



inr 



' :?^^ 



J 






::::":::::::::;i 



m 



■'.■:y.^>>^ 



imM^\-^: 



fffm>^^ 



^m 



wm 



^ 



mm 



iH 



m 



3 



STORAGE CAPACITY I94B 



: INCREASE IN STORAGE CAPACITY FROM 1948 TO 1954 



1948 DATA REVISED 



26 



WHOLESALE TRADE-SUMMARY STATISTICS 



Table U, SUPPLY AND DISPOSITION OF GASOLINE, KEROSENE, AND DISTILLATE FUEL OIL— UNITED STATES: 195-4 

(Millions of gallons) 



Source and disposition 



Gasoline 

and 
naphthas 



Kerosene, range 

oils, and 

#1 fuel oil 



Distillate fuel 
oils (#2HSt4, light 
gas oils, and light 
Diesel type fuels) 



Supply: 

Refinery shipments, total net-^. 
Imports 

Beginning -of -year inventories^ . 



Total supply. 



Disposition: 

End-of-year inventories^ 

Refinery shipments direct to retailers, users and consumers^ 

Bulk plant, terminal sales to retailers, users and consumers* 

District and general office sales — direct to retailers, users and consumers^ 
Exports^ 



Total disposition described above. 



52,160 

51 

6,260 

58,i71 

6,161 

7,502 

-41,902 

1,020 

1,099 

57,684 



7,037 

1,205 
8,242 



1,169 
999 

4,924 
191 
168 

7.451 



19, 884 

112 

4,693 

24,689 



4,542 

3,268 

11,913 

1,082 

919 

21,724 



... Represents zero. ^Source — 1954 Census of Manufactures. ^Source — Bureau of the Census: Exports, Report No. FT 410; Im- 

ports, Report No. FT 110. Imports: It is recognized that imports, indicated here as a part of supply, do not always move through 
domestic refineries, bulk plants, or terminals. Exports: Because bulk plants and terminals were instructed to include their exports 
with "sales to retailers, users, and ponsumers," the amounts reported in this table as "bulk plant, terminal sales to retailers, etc." 
partially duplicate amounts shown as "exports." This duplication is negligible since refiners were instructed to exclude export 
shipments direct from refineries from "sales to retailers, users, and consumers." ^Source — Annual Petroleum Statement No. 398, 
Bureau of Mines, U. S. Department of Interior. Data include bulk terminal, transit, and pipeline stocks only. ''Data from table 8K 

of this report, projected to 100 percent coverage by arbitrarily assuming that the incomplete reporting, 6.2 percent overall, was 
applicable to each item. ^Data from table 8K Supplement of this report. 



wholesalers without yards may have approximated 15 billion 
board feet. The 775 distributors with yards reported 638 million 
board feet of softwood inventories on hand at the end of the 
year, or approximately 1/8 of their annual purchases. Infor- 
mation on hardwood flooring and other hardwoods, as well as 
data on softwoods, is presented in Table 9C. 

Transactions of Merchandise Agents and Brokers .— The busi- 
ness of merchandise agents and brokers is analyzed in Table 
9F of Chapter 9 according to type of transaction to show sales 
on an agency basis for the account of others, purchases for the 
account of others, and sales on own account (jobbing business). 
Virtually all (96.9 percent) of the business of these types of 
establishments was conducted for theaccountof others. Agencies 
selling represented 89.5 percent of all transactions and those 
buying for the account of others represented 7.4 percent. Buying 
and selling for others represent ail but 3.1 percent of the 
transactions of merchandise agents and brokers. 

A brief comparative summary, 1954 and 1948, is shown in the 
accompanying Table W, where it is noted that "selling on own 
account" increased slightly, from 2.1 percent in 1948 to 3.1 
percent in 1954. 

Table V. LUMBER WHOLESALERS' PURCHASES AND 
INVENTORIES— UNITED STATES: 1954 



Item and unit of quantity 



Total: 

Establishments number 

Sales $1,000 

Establishments reporting purchases 
and inventories: 

Number 

Sales $1,000 

Lumber purchased 1954: 

Softwood : M bd. ft 

Hardwood (except flooring) M bd . ft 

Hardwood flooring M bd. ft 

Lumber inventories, end of 1954: 

Softwood M bd . ft 

Hardwood (except flooring) M bd. ft 

Hardwood flooring M bd . ft 



Distribu- 
tors with 
yards 



1,124 
1,094,408 



775 
796,194 

5,253,449 
622,237 
364,706 

637,917 

138,442 

42,102 



Whole- 
salers 
without 
yards 



1,678 
1,621,685 



839 
1,088,138 

10,263,454 
655,928 
158,389 



Bin Space of Grain Elevators .— Country grain elevators 
primarily engaged in receiving grain from farmers by truck 
or wagon and forwarding it to market, and terminal elevators 
of grain merchandising companies were requested to report, 
among other items of information, their bin space (rated 
capacity in bushels) and to indicate whether their elevator 
bins were primarily of wood, steel, or other materials. 



Table W. DISTRIBUTION OF SALES (OR PURCHASES) OF MERCHANDISE 
AGENTS AND BROKERS, BY TYPE OF TRANSACTION- 
UNITED STATES: 1954 AND 1948^ 

(Sales (or purchases) as percent of total) 



Type of sale (transaction) 


1954 


1948 


Total sales (transactions ) 


100.0 

89.5 
7.4 
3.1 


100.0 




} 97.9 




Sales for own account 


2.1 







^Includes establishments without paid employees. 

There were 6,580 country elevators of the type described 
above active in 1954 employing one or more persons on a 
payroll basis and primarily engaged in marketing grain. Ele- 
vators primarily engaged in serving as farm supply stores 
are not included in this count as they are considered as retail 
establishments and are included in the retail census. 

Of the 6,541 country elevators reporting capacity, 3,476 re- 
ported bins primarily of wood, averaging 59,000 bushels capacity 
per elevator; 430 reported bins of steel, averaging 117,000 
bushels; 678 reported elevators of other materials (chiefly con- 
crete) averaging 150,000 bushels. 

Country grain elevators were subclassified as follows: 2,398 
as independent elevators; 2,488 were line elevators; and 1,694 
were operated by cooperative associations. Cooperative ele- 
vators were larger, on the average, than others; there was a 
109,000 bushel average capacity for cooperatives, compared 
with 87,000 bushels for line elevators, and 85,000 for inde- 
pendent elevators. 

Grain merchandising companies operated 460 terminal ele- 
vators, elevators primarily engaged in receiving grain via 



SUMMARY OF FINDINGS 



27 



rail, barge, etc., rather than by truck from farmers. This 
count is limited to those operated by firms engaged in buying 
and selling grain— mill elevators and elevators primarily en- 
gaged in providing storage and transfer services for others 
are not included. 



Of the 460 terminal elevators, 338 reported 488 million 
bushel capacity. Ninety-seven of the 338— mostly small ones- 
were primarily of wood; 21 were of steel; and 95 were of other 
materials, chiefly concrete. Capacity of the 95 averaged more 
than two million bushels. 



Table X. BIN SPACE OF GRAIN ELEVATORS— UNITED STATES: 195"; 



Type of elevator 



All establish- 
ments 



Number 



Sales 



($1,000) 



Establishments reporting bin space 



Estab- 
lish- 
ments 



(Num- 
ber) 



Rated 
capac- 
ity, 
total 



(1,000 
bu. ) 



Bin space primarily of — 



Wood 



Estab- 
lish- 
ments 
(Num- 
ber) 



Capac- 
ity 

(1,000 
bu.) 



Steel 



Estab- 
lish- 
ments 
(Num- 
ber) 



Capac- 
ity 

(1,000 
bu.) 



Other material 



Estab- 
lish- 
ments 
(Num- 
ber) 



Capac- 
ity 

(1,000 
bu. ) 



Material not 
specified 



Estab- 
lish- 
ments 

(Num- 
ber) 



Capac- 
ity 

(1,000 
bu. ) 



Country grain elevators: 
Independent elevators.. 

Line elevators 

Cooperative elevators.. 

Terminal grain elevators^. 



2,398 
2,488 
1,694 

460 



1,039,843 

924,389 

1,089,203 

1,793,728 



2,386 
2,470 
1,685 

338 



202,498 
213,786 
184,123 

487,892 



1,344 

1,352 

780 

97 



66,642 
80,501 
59, 140 

19,077 



256 
99 
75 

21 



27,993 
12,329 
10, 102 

23,385 



269 
207 
202 

95 



37,818 
25,597 
38,305 

202,969 



517 
812 
628 

125 



70,045 
95,359 
76,576 

242,461 



^Limited to terminal elevators of grain merchants. 



Selected Kinds of Business .- Table 9 J of Chapter 9 presents 
information on number of establishments, sales, inventories, 
expenses, payroll and personnel by geographic division and 
State for 21 separate Kinds of business. The 21 kinds of 
business in Table 9J are subdivisions or parts of the broader 
trade classifications presented for each State in Table 101, 
Volume IV, 1954 Census of Business. Kinds of business for 
which data are shown separately in the State tables are indi- 
cated in Appendix E of this volume. 

UNINCORPORATED BUSINESSES WITHOUT PAID 
EMPLOYEES 

Data on Wholesale Trade in this volume are limited, except 
for the accompanying text Table Y, to establishments that 
employed one or more persons on a payroll basis sometime 
during the year 1954. Table Y provides a measure of the 
"nonemployer" group. This group was defined to include busi- 
nesses operating in a wholesale manner other than those 
represented in the active PICA records of the Internal Revenue 
Service. Information for this nonemployer group was furnished 
by the Internal Revenue Service and was derived from the 1954 
tax returns. As an economy measure, data were compiled from 
only one-half of these cases and census results for this group 
were established by multiplying such findings by two. 

Because of the limited amount of information available from 
tax returns it was not possible to classify businesses in this 
group in the kind-of-business detail presented in other whole- 
sale trade tables. Also the number of "unclassified" is sub- 
stantial. 

"Receipts" as measured for these nonemployers represents 
"total receipts from business" of those marketing merchandise 



at wholesale. In the case of merchant wholesalers and as- 
semblers of farm products, the amounts are presumed to 
represent value of goods sold, plus any commissions received 
on business done for the account of others. For merchandise 
agents and brokers they approximate gross earnings, plus any 
sales of merchandise sold for own account. 

In addition to 52,746 merchant wholesalers, 22. 51^ mer- 
chandise agents and brokers and 4,932 assemblers of farm prod- 
ucts. Internal Revenue Business Tax returns were completed by 
a number of "self-employed salesmen" engaged in selling mer- 
chandise at wholesale, but not engaged in buying and selling on 
their own account. They were omitted from the accompanying 
table because of the limited amount of available information, 
and the possibility that many of them may have been reported 
to the Census as employees by the firms they represent. 

Table Y does not include unincorporated petroleum bulk plants 
and terminals without paid employees. The majority of such 
establishments in this industry are bulk plants owned by multi- 
unit concerns and operated by agents on a commission basis. In 
the 1954 Census such establishments were included in the regular 
Census tabulations since data for them could be obtained from 
owners of the bulk plants in the same manner as in 1948. 

There were 37,000 wholesale establishments with no paid em- 
ployees enumerated in the 1948 Census. The increase to 80,000 
establishments in 1954 presumably was strongly influenced by 
differences in the enumeration procedures. The 1948 Census 
was conducted by personal enumeration in which only "recogniz- 
able" and "open -to- the -public" places of business were included. 
This method was not designed to cover itinerant business activ- 
ities and those conducted from private residences and other 
places not recognizable as business locations.* 



28 



WHOLESALE TRADE-SUMMARY STATISTICS 

Table Y. UNINCORPORATED WHOLESALE BUSINESSES WITHOUT PAID EMPLOYEES— UNITED STATES: 1954 



Type of operation and kind of business 



Businesses 
(Number) 


Receipts-'^ 
($1,000) 


52,746 


2,007,764 


2,802 
5,868 
2,576 
2,662 

1,850 


98,282 

199,162 

113,984 

188,324 

89,834 


3,026 

1,040 

516 

710 


132,084 
49,642 
46,642 
23,436 


512 


14,610 


1,950 

1,076 

724 

664 

1,142 


69,388 
40,860 
18,676 
21,280 
132,628 


562 
2,578 


36,902 
62,820 


696 


25,422 


734 
1,140 


27,098 
73,690 


1,356 


33,400 


1,162 


33,054 



Type of operation and kind of business 



Businesses 
(Number) 



Receipts'- 
($1,000) 



Merchant wholesalers, total. 



Merchant wholesalers unclassified . . . . 

Grocery wholesalers 

Confectionery wholesalers 

Fish, meat wholesalers 

Dairy, poultry products distributors. 



Fresh fruits, vegetables wholesalers 

Beer, wine, distilled spirits wholesalers. 

Tobacco distributors 

Drug wholesalers 

Paints, industrial chemicals, explosives 
wholesalers 



Clothing furnishings, footwear wholesalers 

Dry goods wholesalers 

Furniture, home furnishings wholesalers... 

Paper, allied products wholesalers 

Farm products (raw materials) merchants... 



Motor vehicle distributors 

Automotive equipment, tire-tube wholesalers 
Electrical, electr'-.-iics, appliance 

distributors 

Hardware, plumbing -heating goods 

wholesalers 

Lumber, construction materials distributors 

Commercial machines, equipment distributors. 
Industrial machinery, equipment 

distributors 



Merchant wholesalers^-Continued 

Professional equipment, supplies 

distributors 

Service establishment supply houses 

Other machinery, equipment distributors. 



Scrap, waste materials dealers 

Merchant wholesalers, other kinds of 
business 



Merchandise agents and brokers, total. 

Merchandise agents and brokers 

unclassified 

Groceries, confectionery, meats 

Fresh fruits, fresh vegetables, poultry 

products 

Dry goods , apparel 

Farm products (raw materials) 



Lumber, construction materials 

Machinery, equipment, supplies 

Metals, minerals (except petroleum, scrap) 
Merchandise agents, brokers, other kinds 
of business 



Assemblers of farm products, total. 



Country grain elevators 

Livestock buyers 

Other assemblers of farm products . 



528 


13,274 


1,154 


27,622 


1,462 


44,410 


4,102 


74,196 


10,154 


317,044 


22,514 


209,632 


6,866 


71,304 


2,500 


22,566 


642 


5,618 


1,254 


12,774 


2,294 


17,628 


842 


7,492 


1,772 


18,592 


210 


1,900 


6,134 


51,758 


4,932 


354,414 


144 


11,932 


4,074 


281,810 


714 


60,672 



'^Total receipts from business or profession, from 1954 Schedule C (Form 1040) U. S. Treasury Department, Internal Revenue Service. 



LIST OF CORRECTIONS 



Voliiroe III has been prepared primarily by asaembling and binding the tabular portions of previously Issued subject bulletins together with chapters covering additional 
phases of wholesale trade which were not issued in bulletin form. This plan was adopted to reduce publication costs and to expedite Issuance of the data. The corrections appearing 
below represent revisions made after bulletins were issued and should be taken into consideration in using Volume III and the subject bulletins from which it was assembled. Also 
listed below are clarifications of illegible figures. 





Table 










Change 




Page 






From — 


To- 


1-10 
1-11 
2-70 
A-28 


lA 

IB 
2E 
4B 

&A 
6A 

6A 
6A 

6B 
6B 

6B 

6B 

63 

6C 
6G 
6H 

3A 

8A 

m 

U 
2E 

iE 




Footnote 
Stub 

5 

6 
7 
6 
6 
6 
6 
6 
6 
6 

6 
6 
6 
6 
6 
6 
6 
6 
7 
9 

6 
6 

Stub 
Stub 

(Delet 




$1,782,169 


il, 782, 169,000 
Country 




Manufacturers' sales branches, sales 
Houston: 




Illegible 


5,677 










...do 








. ..do 






Electrical-electronic apparatu 
Hardware, plumbing, heating go 
Lumber construction materials. 




do 


0.1 














. ..do 














Metals, metalwork {except sera 
Other merchandise agents, brok 

Indianapolis: 

Grocery, confectionery, meat w 
General line, grocery wholesal 
Meat, meat products wholesaler 
Specialty- line grocery wholesa 
Farm products (edible distribu 
Poultry, poultry products dist 
Fresh fruit, vegetable wholesa 
Beer, wine, distilled spirits 
Wine, distilled spirits wholes 
Drugs, chemicals, allied produ 

Kansas City: 

Furniture, home furnishings wh 
Furniture (household, office) 

Add footnote 1 to entire table as fol 

Electrical apparatus, supplies distn 
Commodity line code 350... (Del 
Comnodity line code 530. ..(Del 
Commodity line code 570... (Del 


p) 


. . .do 








. .do 








. . .do 


0.9 






... do .- 


0.3 






. do . . . . 
















. . .do 


(Z) 














. . .do 


(z) 








(z) 






. . .do 


2.9 








2.6 


4-30 






0.3 










6-2 

6-9 

6-10 


lows: ^percentages may not add to 100.0 because of rounding. 

but or s: 

ete entire line.) 

ete entire line and all commodity detail.) 


(Not analyzed by 
(Not analyzed by 


commodity line) 
commodity line) 

3,649 
0.6 

7,457 
0.9 

3,117 
0.9 

1,388 
0.8 

6,841 
1.3 


(See Table 6H. ) 






(See Table 6H.) 


6-22 
6-63 


Add "($1,000)" to column 4 boxhead tV 

Electrical apparatus, supplies distr: 
Middle Atlantic Division: 

Commodity line code 570. 


roughout Table 6B. 
butors : 








1 
2 

(Delete entire line.) 
(Delete entire line.) 


4,980 






0.8 




East North Central Division: 

Commodity line code 530. 
Commodity line code 570. 
















1 
2 

(Delet 
1 

(Delet 

1 
2 

(Delet 
1 
2 

2 
2 
2 

A 
I. 

Ust 
Last 

2 

5 
5 
5 
5 
5 
5 
5 

5 
5 


e entire line.) 

e entire line.) 
e entire line.) 

Illegible 


8,533 






1.4 


6-6i 


South Atlantic Division: 

Commodity line code 501' 
Commodity line code 530 
Commodity line code 570 
Commodity line code 730 
CoODodity line code 740 
Commodity line code 750^ 










6,163 






1.8 




West South Central Division: 

Commodity line code 530> 
Commodity line code 570 
Commodity line code 750^ 


I 






r 


3,632 






1.5 


6-65 


Pacific Division: 

Commodity line code 302 










7,102 






1.9 


6-83 \ 
6-85 / 

6-12i 

6-160 

6-161 
6-161 

6-161 


Change title to read: Table 6B.— MffiCHAWT WHOLESALERS: 1954— COMMODITY- LINE SALES— GEOGRAPHIC DIVISIONS, 
BY KIND OF BUSINESS. 

Change the word "commodity" to "product" whenever it appears in Table 6C. 
Change footnote 1 to read: ^Percentages may not add to 100.0 because of rounding. 

Add "($1,000)" to column 6 boxhead throughout Table 6H. 

Change XXX in column 4 (throughout) to read: 100,0. 

Add footnote to entire table as follows: (NA) Not available. XXX Not applicable. 


259,970 






do 


52,988 








206,982 


8-3 




. . do 


24,418 






...do 


16,891 








4,749,121 








15,231 


11-25 


Alabama: 


. ..do 


1,946 


ll-3i 




. . .do , 


29.8 






38.9 








31.0 






. ..do 


28.2 








28.9 








23.0 






..do 


31.2 








28.0 








25.2 






. . .do 


42.2 


ll-i7 


Change boxhead of coliimn 4 to read: Average per cu. ft. (cooler and freezer) (Dollars) 







29 



irU. S. GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE: 1957 O -449392 



UNITED STATES SUMMARY 



I 

Q 

Z 

(I) 

S 

z 

o 

> 



X 
a. 
< 
a: 
o 

O 
ui 
O 

Q 
Z 

< 
to 
Z 

o 

o 




CONTENTS 

Table Page 

lA Wholesale Trade: 1954 — United States, by Type of Operation and Kind of Business — 

Establishments, Sales, Inventories, Operating Expenses, Payroll, and Personnel 1-4 

IB Wholesale Trade: 194-8 — United States, by Type of Operation and Kind of Business — 

Establishments, Sales, Inventories, Operating Expenses, Payroll, and Personnel 1-11 

IC Wholesale Trade: 1954 and 1948— United States, by Type of Operation and Kind of 
Business — Establishments, Sales, Inventories, Operating Expenses, Payroll, and 
Personnel 1-17 

ID Wholesale Trade: 1954 — Geographic Divisions, by Type of Operation and Kind of 

Business — Establishments, Sales, Inventories, Operating Expenses, Payroll, and 

Personnel 1-21 

IE Wholesale Trade: 1954 — Geographic Divisions and States — Establishments and Sales by 

Type of Operation; Inventories, Annual Payroll, and Personnel 1-48 

IF Wholesale Trade: 1948 — Geographic Divisions and States — Establishments and Sales by 

Type of Operation; Inventories, Annual Payroll, and Personnel 1-49 

IG Wholesale Trade: 1954 — Standard Metropolitan Areas — Establishments and Sales by Type 

of Operation; Payroll, Personnel, and Population 1-50 

IH Wholesale Trade: 1948 — Standard Metropolitan Areas — Establishments and Sales by Type 

of Operation; Payroll, Personnel, and Population 1-53 

IJ Merchatnt Wholesalers: 1954 — Kinds of Business by Geographic Divisions and States — 

Establishments and Sales 1-56 

IK Merchant Wholesalers: 1954 — Kinds of Business for Standard Metropolitan Areas Having 

300, 000 Inhabitants or More — Establishments and Sales 1-63 

IL Wholesale Trade: 1954 — United States by City Size, Type of Operation, and Kind of 

Business — Establishments and Sales 1-70 



1-3 



1-4 



WHOLESALE TRADE-SUMMARY STATISTICS 



Table lA. WHOLESALE TRADE: 1954-UNlTED STATES, BY TYPE OF OPERATION AND KIND OF 

BUSINESS 
Establishments, Sales, Inventories, Operating Expenses, Payroll, and Personnel 



Type of operation and kind of business 



Estab- 
lish 
ments 



(Number) 



(tl.OOO) 



Inven- 
tories, 
end of 
year, 
at cost 



($1,000) 



Operating 
expenses 
(including 
payroll)^ 



Amount 
(♦ijOOO) 



Per- 
cent 

of 
sales 



Pa^oll, 
entire 
year 



(tl,000) 



Payroll , 
workweek 

enied 

nearest 

November 15 

(Dollars) 



Paid eaployees, workweek ended nearest- 



(Number) 



my 15 

(Number) 



(Number) 



November 

15 



(Number) 



Active 

proprie- 
tors of un- 
incorpo- 
rated 
busi- 
nesses, 
Novemba-' 

(Number) 



United States, total 

Type of Operation 

Merchant wholesalers, total 

Service wholesalers: 

Wholesale merchants, distributors..-. 

Terminal grain elevators 

Importers 

Exporters..... 

Limited-function wholesalers; 

Cash-carry wholesalers ... .. 

Uagon, truck distributors ... 

Other limltfid-function idiolesalers.... — 

Pbnufacturers' sales branches, sales 

offices, total 

Manufacturers* sales branches (with stocks). 
Manufacturers' sales offices (without stocks) 

Petroleum bulk plants, terminals, and LP gas 
facilities, total 

Refi£er-.|narketer bulk plants, terminals 

Other bulk plants, terminals 

Wholesale LP gas facilities 

Merchandise agents, brokers, total 

Auction companies 

Brokers: 

Representing buyers 

Representing sellers. 

CofBoissioa merchants 

Export agents 

Import agents 

ffenuf acturers * agents : 

With stocks 

Without stocks 

Selling agents 

Purchasing agents, resident buyers 

Assemblers of farm products 

Type by Kind of Business 

Merchant wholesalers , total 

Grocery, confectionery, meat wholesalers: 

General-line grocery wholesalers 

Voluntary group grocery wholesalers... 
Retailer cooperative food wholesalers. 

Cash-carry food depots 

Other general-line grocery 
wholesalers 

Confectionery wholesalers 

Fish, sea food distributors 

Meat, meat products wholesalers 

Specialty-line grocery wholesalers 

Bakery, restaurant, hotel supply 

houses 

Bread, bakery goods distributors 

Canned food wholesalers 

Coffee, tea, spice wholesalers 

Dairy products distributors 

Flour distributors 

Frosted, frozen food distributors 

Soft drink distributors 

Other grocery specialty wholesalers... 

Farm products (edible) distributors: 

Poultry, poultry products distributors... 

Fresh fruit, vegetable wholesalers 

Beer, wine, distilled spirits wholesalers: 

Beer, ale distributors 

Wine, distilled spirits wholesalers 

Tobacco distributors 

Drugs, chemicals, allied products wholesalers: 

General-line drug wholesalers 

Specialty-line drug, toiletries 

wholesalers 

Industrial chemicals, explosives 

distributors 

Paint, varnish wholesalers 

Paint wholesalers (with glaoB, 

wallpaper) 

Paint wholesalers (without glass, 
wallpaper) 

See footnotes at end of table. 



165,153 101,1I10,»41 



150,868 

460 

2,571 

2,361 



922 
5,071 
2,900 



K,759 
7,831 



17,837 

10,482 

870 



22,131 
1,872 

449 
3,910 

3,568 
639 
271 

2,482 
6,238 

2,336 
366 



3,320 
574 
193 
291 

2,262 

1,909 
1,808 
4,357 

9,221 

438 

800 

928 

488 

2,281 

170 

610 

1,142 

2,364 



2,660 
6,520 



5,791 
1,518 



392 
2,409 



1,878 
1,158 



503 
655 



86,142,931 
1,796,713 
4,264,999 
4,355,553 



278,574 
1,393,U9 
2,869,052 



69,533,784 

36,811,238 
32,722,546 



10,976,082 

4,832,756 

229,534 



39,250,509 
3,353,761 

1,377,660 
9,372,830 

8,747,728 
969,962 
730,311 

1,703,787 
5,450,357 

6,151,917 
1,391,696 



7,353,560 

2,463,756 

1,298,175 

139,950 

3,451,679 

527,446 

653,698 

2,866,193 

5,919,993 

215,414 

160,478 

621,222 

1,606,380 

1,340,279 

108,303 

455,882 

165,965 

1,246,070 



1,475,195 
3,261,739 



2,311,181 
3,375,753 



1,273,114 
900,618 



923,242 
272,891 



1-20,447 
152,444 



13,078,672 



1,461,939 12,244,019 
90,302 74,895 

333,151 268,689 

390,661 244,598 



18,889 
44,923 

184,506 



2,152,720 
2,152,720 



912,501 

652,467 
245,552 
14,482 



103,232 
9,425 

5,059 
11,011 

27,755 
7,071 
10,322 

21,347 
1,144 

7,696 
1,902 



9,524,871 

560,337 

181,332 

87,248 

8,052 

283,705 

35,722 
33,765 
68,959 

282,633 

16,333 
5,490 
51,660 
58,405 
33,167 
3,562 
25,209 
6,206 
82,596 



29,482 
70,627 



104,592 
406,114 



175,713 
80,397 



62,697 
27,379 



14,268 

13,111 



24,564 
198,112 
240,255 



3,859,280 
1,467,145 



1,607,113 

998,150 
548,133 
60,830 



1,229,060 
94,394 

26,474 
204,069 

198,483 
31,059 
18,840 

116,800 
289,955 

219,109 
29,377 



551,075 

181,389 

57,281 

5,917 

305,988 

67,833 
107,025 
296,026 

567,204 

33,210 
32,987 
64,944 
48,585 

155,453 
7,991 
63,223 
39,074 

121,737 



128,557 
432,038 



376,424 
307,431 



173,291 
152,275 



146,487 
64,883 



29,594 
35,239 



14.2 
4.2 

6.3 
5.6 



14.2 

8.4 



7.7 
10.5 



10.0 
9.1 
11.3 
26.5 



1.9 
2.2 
2.3 
3.2 
2.6 

6.9 
5.3 

3.6 

2.1 



7.5 
7.4 
4.4 
4.2 



12.9 
16.4 
10.3 

9.6 

15.4 
20.6 
10.5 

3.0 
11.6 

7.4 
13.9 
23.5 

9.8 



8.7 
13.2 



16.3 
9.1 



13.6 
16.9 



15.9 
23.8 



24.6 
23.1 



7,018,090 

6,534,446 
32,906 
120,674 
92,707 



10,871 
92,983 
133,503 



1,947,494 
657,553 



289,056 
223,363 
27,224 



530,707 
36,634 

12,011 
86,111 

97,849 
15,653 
5,792 

55,917 
103,208 

99,417 

18,110 



325,073 

109,849 

35,432 

3,380 

176,412 

34, 2U 
49, 172 
148,803 

281,313 

17,220 
16,543 
32,478 
22,892 
77,367 
3,909 
32,453 
22,210 
56,241 



57,514 
207,520 

176,619 
165,763 

103,779 

104,646 

74,831 

69,802 
33,721 

16,311 

17,410 



216,084,291 



136,999,532 

127,744,625 

655,392 

2,271,369 

1,735,482 



215,431 
1,796,346 
2,579,937 



51,694,937 
38,972,030 
12,722,857 



5,675,179 

4,421,033 

531,664 



10,091,334 
834,770 

226,343 
1,575,746 

i; 863, 519 
304,319 
105,717 

1,070,690 
1,921,964 

1,341,255 
347,011 



6,364,016 
2,159,275 

717,490 
65,833 

3,421,413 

676,677 

998,122 

2,860,594 

5,520,372 

343,517 
329,453 
620,699 
4191480 

1,526,898 
74,709 
620,898 
419,705 

1,165,008 



1,161,141 
3,834,244 



3,296,086 
3,310,536 



2,026,241 
1,523,059 



1,400,494 
633,269 



301,105 
332,164 



2,484,689 



,512,872 

6,884 

21,525 

17,428 



3,311 
23,327 
29,107 



399,447 
112,785 



63,399 
57,573 
6,792 



118,142 
24,217 

2,476 
16,482 

22,251 
3,056 
1,071 

10,130 
18,181 

16,478 
3,800 



82,228 
25,934 

8,101 
899 

47,294 

9,874 
16,167 
33,373 

70,310 

3,722 
4,367 
3,198 
4,735 

18,605 

973 

7,727 

5,335 

16,648 



13,331 
56,231 



39,772 
30,453 



26,277 
18,123 



13,821 
7,766 



3,388 
3,873 



2,437,534 



1,517,030 
7,326 
20,886 
17,208 



3,055 
23,696 
29,511 



400,339 

112,879 



63,009 
56,916 
6,697 



117,211 
23,789 

2,510 
16,519 

21,930 
3,010 
1,033 

10,283 
17,839 

16,422 
3,821 



31,921 

25,636 

8,144 

913 

47,223 

9,846 

16,053 
33,574 
70,151 

3,732 
4,326 
3,073 
4,804 

19,133 

956 

7,778 

5,965 

15,334 



18,631 
58,027 



41,224 
30,304 



26,077 
13,202 



14,071 
7,973 



3,967 
4,006 



,535,631 
9,072 
21,152 
17,633 



3,103 
24,300 
29,845 



404,383 
112,258 



63,835 
57,520 
6,823 



123,707 
27,930 

2,321 
16,932 

23,151 

2,941 

993 

10,356 
18,526 

16,473 
4,024 



82,802 

26,076 

3,326 

899 

47,501 

9,917 
16,843 
34,349 

72,461 

3,306 
4,509 
3,275 
4,631 

19,679 

939 

8,460 

6,625 

15,480 



19,106 
55,414 



43,845 
30,230 



26,017 
18,533 



14,027 
7,977 



3,939 
4,038 



,579,528 
7,758 
22,393 
18,285 

3,381 
25,056 
30,100 



404,031 
111,845 



132,554 

65,659 
59,990 
6,905 



131, X8 
32,233 

2,718 
17,533 

25,339 

3,004 

995 

10,499 
17,641 

16,316 
3,925 



82,807 

25,793 

8,440 

897 

47,677 

10,563 
17,842 
35,954 

75,550 

3,973 

4,892 
8,572 
4,775 

19,835 

999 

8,222 

5,983 

18,294 



20,886 
59,238 



42,039 
31,199 



2C.,293 
19,858 



14,355 
3,232 



4,141 
4,091 



UNITED STATES SUMMARY 



1-5 



Table lA. WHOLESALE TRADE: 19^-4-UNlTED STATES, BY TYPE OF OPERATION AND KIND OF 

BUSINESS-Continucd 
Establishments, Sales, Inventories, Operating Expenses, Payroll, and Personnel 



Type of operation and kind of business 



Estab- 
lisb 
ment£ 



($1,000) 



Inven- 
tories, 
end of 
year, 

at cost 



($1,000) 



Operating 
expenses 
(including 
payroll)^ 



Amount 
($1,000) 



Per- 
cent 
of 
sales 



Payroll, 
entire 
year 



($1,000) 



Payroll, 

workweek 

ended 

nearest 

November 1 5 

(Dollars) 



Paid employees, workweek ended nearest- 



May 15 



(Number) 



(Number 



Active 
proprie- 
tors of un- 
incorpo- 
rated 
busi- 
nesses, 
November 



Type by Kind of Business — Continued 
Merchant wnoiesalers— Continued 
Dry goods, apparel wholesilers: 
Clothing, furnishings, tooxwear 

wholesalers 

General-line clothing, furnishings 

wholesalers 

Men's, boys' clothing, furnishings 

wholesalers 

Woaien's, children's clothing, 

furnishings wholesalers 

Furs (dressed), fur clothing whdlesajfirs 
Millinery, millinery supplies 

distributors 

Shoe, footwear wholesalers 

Work clothing wholesalers 

General -line dry goods wholesalers 

Specialty-line dry goods wholesalers 

Hosiery wholesalers 

underwear wnoiesalers ................. 

Notions wholesalers 

Piece goods wholesalers............... 

Other specialty-line dry goods 
wholesalers 

Piece goods converters 

Furniture, hcoe l^lmishings wholesalers: 
Fnmiture (household, office) wiioleaalers 

Household furniture lAolesalers 

Office furniture distributors 

Hoae furnishings, floor coverings 

wfao-eealsrs 

China, glaesiMre, crocnery wholeealers 

Curtain, drapery wholesalers 

Domestics wholesalers 

Floor coverings wholesalers 

Other hone furnishings, specialties 
wnoiesalers 

Paper, allied products wholesalers: 

Coarse paper and products wholesalers.... 

Printing and fine paper distributors 

Stationery, office supplies wholesalers.. 
Wallpaper wholesalers - 

Farm products Craw materials) n^rchante: 

Cotton nerunants 

Grain nerchants 

Hide, skin, raw fur wholesalers 

Livestock (except horses, 

w lies ) rfistrlbutors 

Leaf tot»cco dealers 

Raw wool, wool tops, mohair dealers 

Otber fan products (raw laateriHlsl 
distz-ibutcffs 

AntOBDtlve wholesalers: 

Mstor vehicle distributors 

Wew, used autcnobile distributors 

Truck and tractor froad type) dealers. 
iutoKitlve equipaant, tire-ti^}e 

vholeaalera 

Autoootive parts, accessories Jobbers. 
Garage equipnent, tools distributors.. 

Tire-tube wholesauers 

Electrical, electronics, appliance 
distributore: 

Electrical apparatus, supplies 

distributors. 

General-line electrical goods 

distributors 

Wiring supplies distributors 

Electrical apparatus, equipment 

distributors 

Electrical appliance, radio, TV set 

wholesalers 

Electronic parts, equipoent distributors. 

Hardware, plumbing-heating goods wholesalers: 

Hardware wholesalers 

General-line hardware wholesalers 

Specialty-line hardware wholesalers... 
Plumbing, heating equipment, 

supplies distributors 

General-line plumbing-heating 

goods distributors 

Beating equipraent distributors 

Plumbing fixtures, supplies 
distributors 

I.umber, construction materials distributors: 
L'lirher, millwork wholesalers 

Lumber wholesalers (without yards).... 

Luiii>er distributors (with yards) 

Millwork, plywood distributors 

Construction materials distributors 

Brick, tile distributors 

Ceoent, lime, plaster wholesalers 

Glass (building) distributors 

Ready-mixed concrete distributors 

Roofing, siding, insulation 
materials distributors 

Sand, gravel, crushed stone distributors 

Other construction materials distributore 



4,252 

797 

761 

1,299 
324 

353 
583 
135 

132 
4,188 
471 
164 
770 
1,663 

1,120 
817 

1,976 

1,058 

918 

2,839 
538 

161 
237 

"773 

1,130 

2,435 

865 

1,564 

193 

581 
975 
577 

669 
234 
282 



1,563 
897 
666 

13, 97'? 

12,563 

207 

1,207 



559 
1,989 



2,065 
1,899 

2,137 

606 

1,531 

4,046 

1,703 
905 



4,304 
1,678 
1,124 
1,502 

6,010 
492 
183 
574 

1,996 

697 

597 

1,471 



566,298 
94,317 

81,953 
353,979 
49,138 

393,580 
1,965,499 
260,192 
71,420 
198,449 
975,319 

460,119 
1,503,962 

697,825 
463,630 
234,195 

1,384,650 
172,206 
68,374 
126,769 
600,763 

416,038 

1,297,650 

1,248,002 

369,772 

45,625 

2,610,108 

3,989,704 

428,489 

888,292 
304,224 
481,524 



757.335 
491,732 
265,603 

3,220,178 

2,834,453 

55,731 

329,994 



1,567,994 
1,105,922 



2,814,584 
612,676 

2,067,923 

1,623,987 

443,936 



1,112,178 
301,516 



3,305,942 

1,621,685 

1,094,408 

1,039,349 

2,730,265 

242,766 

75,985 

251,273 

998,370 

447,723 
105,039 
659,109 



54,951 
12,226 

9,540 

43,985 

6,356 

54,512 
227,858 

23,483 
6,140 

21,622 
124,583 

52,030 
236,407 

63,620 
42,713 
25,907 

179,422 

21,987 
8,471 
17,501 
84,837 

46,626 



36,524 
7,576 

420,180 
165,725 
45,230 

12,194 
214,925 
71,235 



42,614 
20,116 
22,498 

555,025 

510,972 

7,867 

36,186 



177,827 
137,266 



304,214 
84,904 

376,946 
303,950 
72,996 



171,300 
37,582 



253,485 
29,429 

104,030 
120,026 
169,737 
15,947 
4,075 
25,545 
32,497 

38,442 
2,548 
50,683 



43,973 



93,760 
11,735 

17,030 

48,185 

6,789 

56,733 
271,942 
34,834 
10,571 
37,104 
123,381 

65,552 
146,293 

U7,387 
88,198 
59,189 

238,647 
40,560 
11,639 
16,343 
89,698 

80,102 

213,553 

142,267 

96,675 

U,620 

95,944 
124,535 
32,662 

25,364 

28,024 
27,540 



114,855 
59,902 
54,953 

785,361 

698,807 

12,849 

73,705 



170,040 
181,047 



368,312 
125,127 

378,844 
286,352 
92,492 



182,731 
58,420 



407,762 
108,325 
137,242 
162,195 
655,188 
43,018 
16,146 
61,871 
315,087 

56,587 
32,518 
129,961 



16.6 
12.4 

20.8 
13.6 
13.8 

14.4 
13.8 
13.4 
14.8 
18.7 
12.7 

14.2 
9.7 

21.1 
19.0 
25.3 

17.2 
23.7 
16.9 
12.9 
14.9 

19.3 

16.5 
11.4 
26.1 
29.9 

3.7 
3.1 
7.6 

2.9 
9.2 

5.7 



15.2 
12.2 
20.7 

24.4 
24.7 
23.1 
22.3 



10.8 
16.4 



13.1 
20.4 

18.3 
17.6 
20.8 



16.4 
19.4 



10.7 
6.7 
12.5 
14.9 
23.6 
17.7 
21.2 
24.6 
31.6 

12.6 

31.0 
19.7 



133,510 



44,165 
5,524 

8,522 

23,436 

3,307 

33,168 
130,682 
16,400 
5,515 
18,887 
57,505 

32,375 
69,686 

76,723 
44,376 
32,347 

122,784 

19,773 

6,070 

8,244 

47,234 

41,458 

123,277 
85,194 
52,051 
6,382 

22,913 
55,325 
15,932 

7,408 
U,133 
10,567 



61,595 
30,240 
31,355 

462,217 

415,629 

7,247 

39,341 



98,245 

103,134 



198,955 
67,868 

227,146 
179,255 

47,891 



103,404 
30,626 



216,440 
50,413 
74,710 
91,317 

337,143 

21,042 

8,101 

37,799 

153,547 

30,289 
16,943 
69,422 



2,527,566 

416,800 

490,869 

842,302 
110,353 

154,443 

444,407 

68,392 

600,691 
2,411,215 
296,234 
111,210 
369,287 
1,020,330 

614,154 
1,454,051 

1,451,459 
842,883 
608,576 

2,343,234 

366,517 
97,101 
150,714 
900,324 

828,078 

2,338,039 

1,613,255 

1,039,764 

133,666 

453,310 

1,101,321 

296,313 

140,948 
257,148 
197,420 



1,191,513 
581,119 
610,394 

9,266,547 
8,328,122 

145,491 
792,934 



1,860,539 
2,031,718 



3,965,770 
1,366,163 

4,313,153 

3,398,404 

914,749 

4,089,288 

2,014,634 
589,068 

1,485,586 



4,294,880 
1,037,362 

1,440,310 

1,317,208 

6,761,761 

405,612 

166,541 

747,278 

3,080,866 

586,688 

356,479 

1,418,297 



28,771 

5,379 

5,355 

9,554 
1,053 

2,266 

4,339 

320 

7,733 
27,353 
3,470 
1,166 
4,762 
10,682 

7,273 
10,370 

16,550 
9,591 
6,959 

26,341 

4,394 
1,166 
1,507 
9,573 

9,701 

27,056 
16,227 
12,471 
1,645 

5,479 
11,486 
3,606 

2,365 
4,745 
1,737 



14,273 
7,303 
6,970 

117,316 

106,366 

1,562 

9,388 



22,884 
22,231 



41,0U 
15,157 

54,032 
42,753 
11,279 



21,965 
6,079 

16,295 

45,112 
10,453 
15,600 
19,059 
68,968 
4,169 
1,780 
7,979 
30,725 

6,061 
3,573 

14,681 



28,243 
5,267 
5,287 

9,350 

1,066 

2,040 

4,423 

810 

7,670 
27,069 
3,500 
1,139 
4,836 
10,559 

6,985 
10,742 

16,478 
9,548 
6,930 

26,354 
4,426 
1,190 
1,471 
9,564 

9,703 

26,345 

16,159 

12,333 

1,649 

5,500 
11,876 
3,810 

2,377 
3,313 
1,948 



14,311 
7,271 
7,040 

117,634 

106,451 

1,575 

9,658 



22,548 
22,069 



40,720 
15,168 

53,730 
42,242 
11,483 



22,032 
6,050 

16,396 

46,243 
10,971 
15,613 
19,659 
73,392 
4,312 
1,323 
7,901 
34,236 

6,258 
3,903 
15,454 



28,887 
5,382 
5,323 

9,459 

1,091 

2,189 

4,624 

819 

7,816 
27,149 
3,487 
1,173 
4,895 
10,559 

7,035 

10,808 

16,402 
9,547 
6,855 

26,550 
4,301 
1,079 
1,533 
9,729 

9,908 



27,146 
16,348 
12,201 
1,600 

6,109 
13,965 
3,799 

2,430 
5,053 
1,386 



14,245 
7,256 
6,989 

113,452 

107,013 

1,590 

9,849 



22,402 
22,231 



40,893 
15,250 



54,364 
42,864 
11,500 



22,439 
6,197 



47,932 

11,290 
15,892 
20,750 
77,406 
4,504 
1,885 
8,034 
35,794 

6,677 
4,274 

16,238 



30,612 

5,700 

5,631 

10,210 
1,145 

2,125 

4,335 

916 

7,761 
28,526 
3,656 

1,187 
4,972 
10,804 

7,907 
11,074 

17,495 
10,052 
7,443 

27,854 
4,478 
1,141 
1,640 

10,006 

10,589 

27,413 

16,324 

13,144 

1,560 

5,956 
12,666 
3,835 

2,603 
6,314 
1,725 



14,388 
7,139 
7,199 

120,085 

108,394 

1,595 

10,096 



21,903 
22,643 



41,830 
16,290 

54,245 
42,303 
11,942 

46,763 

22,959 
6,504 

17,300 

49,156 

11,820 

16,387 

20,949 

78,584 

4,529 

i,866 

8,591 

35,536 

6,583 
4,809 
16,665 



2,913 
639 

500 

803 
215 

266 
375 
115 

62 

2,582 

318 

98 
576 
890 

700 
231 

1,198 
588 
610 

1,621 
376 
90 
161 
319 

675 

1,368 

288 

961 

65 

505 
347 
396 

692 
127 
161 



983 
627 
356 

9,076 

8,034 

104 



1,356 



37 
1,023 



713 
992 

1,110 
173 
937 



720 
360 



2,051 
933 
522 
596 

2,933 
222 
86 
365 
867 

243 
457 
693 



See footnotes at end of table. 



1-6 



WHOLESALE TRADE-SUMMARY STATISTICS 



Table lA. WHOLESALE TRADE: 1954-UNlTED STATES, BY TYPE OK OPERATION AND KIND OF 

BUSINESS-Continued 
Establishments, Sales, Inventories, Operating Expenses, Payroll, and Personnel 



Type of operation and kind of business 



Estab- 
lish 
menta 



(Number) 



($1,000) 



Inven- 
tories, 

end of 

year, 
at cost 

($1,000) 



Operating 
expenses 
(including 
payroll)^ 



Amount 
($1,000) 



Per- 
cent 



Payroll, 
entire 
year 



($1,000) 



Payroll, 
workweek 



nearest 
NOTember 15 



(Dollars) 



Paid employees, workweek ended nearest— 



(^Number) 



Hay 15 
(Number) 



August 15 
(Number) 



November 

15 



(Number) 



Active 
proprie- 
tors of un' 
incorpo- 
rated 
busi- 
nesses, 
November 

(Number) 



Type by Kind of Business— Continued 

Merchant wholesalers — Continued _ 

Machinery, equipment, supplies distributors; 
Air conditioning, commercial refrigeration 

equipment distributors 

Commercial machines, equipment distributors 
Office machines, equipment distributors. 
Restaurant, hotel supply houses 

(princially nonfood ) 

Store machines, fixtures distributors... 
Other commercial machines, 
equipment distributors 

Construction machinery, equipment dealers.. 
Farm-garden machinery, equipment 

wholesalers 

Garden machinery, equipment wholesalers. 
Farm, dairy machinery, equipment 
(including tractors) wholesalers 

Industrial machinery, equipment 

distributors 

Food processing machinery, 

equipment distributors 

General purpose industrial machinery, 

equipment distributors 

Metal working machinery, 

equipment dealers 

Oil well supply houses 

Printing machinery, equipment 

distributors 

Used machinery dealers 

Other industrial machinery, 

equipment distributors 

Industrial materials, supplies 
distributors 

Abrasives, abrasive materials 

distributors 

Mechanical power transmission 

equipment distributors 

Mechanical rubber goods distributors.... 

Rope, cordage distributors 

Valves, fittings (except 

plumbing) distributors 

Reconditioned drum, barrel distributors. 
Other industrial materials, 

supplies distributors 

Professional equipment, supplies 

distributors 

Dental supply houses 

Religious supply houses 

School supply houses 

Surgical, medical, hospital 

supply houses 

Optical goods wholesalers 

Other professional supplies 

distributors 

Service establishment supply houses 

Beauty, barber supply houses 

Janitors' supply houses 

Laundry, dry cleaning supply houses 

Shoe service wholesalers 

Undertakers ' supply houses 

Upholsterers' supply houses 

Welders ' supply houses 

Other service establishment 
supply houses 

Transportation equipment distributors 

Aircraft, aeronautical equipment, 

parts distributors 

[ferine machinery, equipment 

distributors 

Railroad equipment distributors 

Other transportation equipment 

distributors 

Metals, roetalwork (except scrap) distributors; 

Iron, steel and products distributors 

Nonferrous metals distributors 

Scrap, waste materials dealers: 

Iron, steel scrap dealers 

Iron, steel scrap dealers (with 

processing, preparation equipment) 

Iron, steel scrap dealers (without 
processing, preparation equipment) 

Waste materials dealers 

Nonferrous metallic scrap dealers 

Waste paper dealers 

wiping cloth dealers 

Rage, textile waste dealers 

Other waste materials dealers 

See footnotes at end of table. 



1,860 
3,219 
1,421 

571 
1,087 

IM 

1,640 

1,112 
233 

879 

5,746 

367 

1,379 

914 
1,208 

210 
245 



4,393 

141 

335 

280 

117 

214 
372 



2,912 
502 
134 
255 



742 
479 

5,264 
898 
843 
441 
485 
137 
262 

1,000 

1,198 

1,004 

450 

400 
84 

70 



2,693 
542 



3,719 

2,202 

1,517 

4,470 

1,518 

1,124 

229 

784 

815 



484,070 
660,125 
186,631 

159,253 
276,953 

37,288 

1,401,359 

534,379 
78,736 

455,643 

2,613,986 

163,405 

498,625 

484,490 
914,479 

e<;,820 
31,272 



2,009,740 

77,400 

113,349 
100,031 
94,120 

139,320 
65,360 



853,153 
124,125 
31,582 
96,321 

321,489 
126,966 

152,670 

1,101,992 
140,561 
126,780 
146,607 
101,579 
14,443 
92,670 
198,100 

281,252 

376,048 

169,782 

126,573 
60,046 



2,174,276 
1,188,309 



411,788 

1,192,450 
500,822 
218,239 
48,395 
250,528 
174,466 



58,964 
76,802 
19,935 

24,062 
28,930 

3,875 

275,743 

76,190 
10,285 

65,905 

282,858 

11,582 

52,044 

38,136 
118,370 

7,413 
6,354 



261,034 

7,411 

20,086 
10,450 
6,145 

20,824 
2,925 



123,181 
23,123 
3,995 
12,101 

44,558 
15,451 

23,953 

123,343 
20,262 
12,875 
13,655 
16,051 
1,495 
15,367 
22,636 

26,002 

47,835 

22,393 

19,071 
4,494 

1,877 



391,727 
83,185 



17,469 

78,859 
35,266 

7,243 
4,065 
22,054 

10,231 



114,887 
167,204 
58,729 

37,771 
61,539 

9,165 

268,544 

89,759 
15,648 

74,111 

412,608 

26,168 

103,475 

72,727 
87,867 

17,617 
9,795 



401,723 

14,893 

26,828 
23,769 
9,500 

27,196 
23,915 



222,583 
32,326 
9,933 
21,940 

71,675 
45,744 

40,960 

258,441 
41,227 
36,979 
32,445 
13,411 
3,654 
20,085 
52,296 

53,344 

89,763 

45,093 

26,826 

12,426 



401,604 
85,903 



171,142 

39,710 

217,244 
69,680 
59,722 
16,311 
40,833 
30,198 



23.7 
25.3 
31.5 

23.7 
22.2 

24.6 

19.2 

16.8 
19.9 

16.3 



15.8 

16.0 

20.8 

15.0 
9.6 

27.2 
31.3 



20.0 

19.2 

23.7 
23.8 
10.1 

19.5 
36.6 



26.1 
26.0 
31.5 
22.8 

22.3 
36.0 

26.8 

23.5 
29.3 
29.2 
22.1 
18.1 
25.3 
21.7 
26.4 

19.0 

23.9 

26.6 

21.2 
20.7 



13.5 
7.2 



21.4 

9.6 

18.2 
13.9 
27.4 
34.7 
16.3 
17.3 



63,298 
89,237 
32,625 

20,412 
31,738 

4,462 

150,469 

46,026 
8,416 

37,610 



209,837 

12,778 

56,621 

39,150 
39,059 

8,921 
4,309 



231,857 

8,377 

15,053 
13,467 
5,110 

15,473 
14,119 

160,253 



127,653 
17,906 
4,616 
12,337 

40,880 
29,220 

22,694 

134,542 
22,139 
20,841 
16,732 
9,548 
1,798 
9,960 
26,793 

26,731 

46,960 

22,901 

15,017 
6,297 



221,482 
42,860 



20,341 

113,829 
34,749 
33,394 
9,416 
21,364 
14,906 



1,230,177 

1,760,908 

672,643 

391,010 
612,665 

84,590 

2,390,386 

835,294 
156,094 

729,200 

4,072,669 

225,322 

1,131,155 

723,262 
789,355 

173,509 
83,017 



4,553,075 

147,496 

299,958 
262,515 
100,658 

290,759 
280,319 



2,520,935 
339,747 
91,231 
236,304 

823,366 
577,968 

451,869 

2,695,470 
434,087 
442,161 
322,619 
176,480 
34,516 
194,761 
562,940 

527,906 

933,725 

470,369 

279,283 
123,955 



4,293,636 
853,306 



1,808,549 

368,155 

2,195,061 
678,370 
642,268 
182,972 
404,744 
286,707 



12,785 

20,385 

8,129 

4,675 
6,694 

887 

28,255 

10,123 
1,961 

8,162 

42,774 

2,529 

11,621 

6,782 
3,854 

1,501 
999 

10,488 

48,931 

1,625 

3,120 
2,536 
1,010 

2,993 
3,804 



30,835 
4,692 
1,279 
2,937 

8,936 
7,604 

5,337 

32,124 
5,679 
4,810 
3,696 
2,534 
476 
2,473 
6,151 

6,305 

9,323 

4,920 

3,300 
1,122 



42,168 
8,035 



28,374 

22,849 

5,525 

34,293 
9,712 

10,474 
3,581 
6,373 
4,153 



13,706 
20,152 
7,850 

4,680 
6,742 

880 

28,397 

10,497 
2,100 

8,397 

42,969 

2,568 

11,649 

6,739 
3,791 

1,548 
1,015 



43,862 

1,590 

3,123 
2,522 

1,010 

2,975 
3,893 



30,721 
4,664 
1,227 
2,907 

8,969 
7,589 

5,365 

31,957 
5,704 
4,858 
3,725 
2,517 
465 
2,125 
6,175 

6,388 

9,754 

4,767 

3,362 

1,107 



42,611 
8,051 



29,424 

23,846 

5,578 

34,921 
9,961 

10,615 
3,615 
6,493 
4,237 



13,762 
20,184 
7,349 

4,680 
6,791 

364 

23,574 

10,508 
1,987 

8,521 

43,694 

2,906 

11,835 

6,701 
8,933 

1,536 
1,037 



48,497 

1,543 

3,086 
2,498 
1,019 

3,023 
3,972 



30,925 
4,698 
1,214 
3,124 

8,891 
7,535 

5,463 

31,816 
5,727 
4,945 
3,651 
2,436 
454 
2,154 
6,243 

6,206 

9,783 

4,885 

3,3U 
1,044 



42,777 
8,213 



5,682 

35,164 

10,200 
10,462 
3,493 
6,764 
4,245 



13,155 
21,465 
8,633 

4,832 
7,068 



10,180 
1,876 

8,304 

43,237 

2,547 

11,791 

6,755 
8,704 

1,661 
1,032 



48,981 

1,521 

3,149 
2,576 

1,064 

2,971 
4,084 



31,267 
4,739 
1,365 
3,052 

8,997 
7,500 

5,614 

32,449 
5,910 
5,036 
3,516 
2,439 
522 
2,219 
6,298 

6,509 

9,676 



3,224 

1,036 



44,102 
8,236 



31,628 

25,757 

5,871 

36,219 
10,699 
10,636 
3,534 
6,772 
4,558 



UNITED STATES SUMMARY 



1-7 



Table lA. WHOLESALE TRADE: 19M-UN1TED STATES. BY TYPE OF OPERATION AND KIND OF 

BUSINESS-Continued 
Escablishments, Sales, Inventories. Operating Expenses, Payroll, and Personnel 



Type of operation and kind of business 



Estab- 
lish 
ments 



(Number) 



($1,000) 



Inven- 
tories, 
end of 
year, 

at cost 

($1,000) 



Operating 
expenses 
(including 
payroll)* 



Amount 
($1,000) 



Per- 
cent 
of 
sales 



Payroll, 
entire 
year 



($1,000) 



Payroll . 

workveek 

ended 

nearest 

November 15 

(Dollars) 



id employees, workweek ended nearest — 



(Number) 



Miy 15 
(Number) 



Au^st 15 
(Number) 



November 
15 



(Number) 



Active 
proprie- 
tors of un- 
incorpo- 
rated 
busi- 
nesses, 
November 

(Number) 



Type by Kind of Business — Continued 

Merchant wholesalers — Continued 
Other merchant wholesalers: 

Amusement, sporting goods distributors.... 
Cameras, photographic supplies 

distributors 

Sporting goods wholesalers 

Toys, games, fireworks wholesalers 

Other recreation goods wholesalers 

Book, magazine, newspaper wholesalers..... 

Coal wholesalers 

Coal wholesalers (without yard or 

dock stocks) 

Coal wholesalers (with coal yard) 

Farm supplies wholesalers 

Feed wholesalers 

Fertilizer, agricultural chemical 

distributors 

Seed wholesalers 

Other farm supplies wholesalers 

Jewelry wholesalers 

General-line Jewelry wholesalers 

Clocks, watches wholesalers 

Costume Jewelry wholesalers 

Precious stones distributors 

Watch materials, jewelers' 

tools distributors 

Other Jewelry wholesalers 

Petroleum products distributors 

Gift, art goods, greeting cards wholesalers 

Gift, art goods wholesalers 

Greeting card distributors 

Flower, bulb, plant wholesalers 

Flower (cut), potted plant wholesalers. 
Bulb, plant distributors 

Miscellaneous products merchant 

wholesalers 

Forest products (except lumber) 

distributors 

General merchandise distributors 

Leather goods wholesalers. . ............ 

rtisical instrument, sheet 

music wholesalers.. 

Industrial yams wholesalers 

Bags, bagging, burlap (textiles) 

distributors 

Food, beverage basic material 

distributors 

All other merchajit wholesalers 

Manufacturers' sales branches, sales 
offices, total 

Sales branches (with stocks) 

Sales offices (without stocks) 

Food and kindred products 

Sales branches (with stocks) 

Sales offices (without stocks) 

Heat products sales branches, 

sales offices 

Dairy products sales branches, 

sales offices 

Canned, preserved and frozen foods sales 

branches, sales offices 

Grain mill products sales branches, 

sales offices 

Baiery products sales branches, 

sales offices 

Confectionery and related products sales 

branches, sales offices 

hblt liquors sales branches, 

sales offices 

Wines and distilled spirits sales 

branches, sales offices 

Other food, kindred products sales 

branches, sales offices 

Textile mill products 

Sales branches (with stocks) 

Sales offices (without stocks) 

Cotton, rayon, broad woven fabrics sales 

branches, sales offices 

Knitting mill products sales branches, 

sales offices 

Carpets and rugs sales branches, 

sales offices 

Other textile mill products sales 

branches , sales offices 

See footnotes at end of table. 



484 
579 
805 
646 
1,919 
700 

496 
204 

2,347 
1,067 

507 
641 
132 

2,741 
2J4 
355 
513 
498 

172 
969 

2,260 

983 
735 
248 

966 

851 
115 



669 
594 
454 

509 
222 



325 
644 



22,590 

14,759 
7,831 

4,438 
3,398 

1,090 



665 

961 

291 

334 

905 

132 

113 

144 

943 

431 
231 
200 



31 
131 
183 



952,711 

233,116 
233,998 
277,626 
207,971 

697,206 

794,189 

568,163 
226,026 

1,574,542 
766,X2 

280,597 

474,148 

53,595 

825,459 
143,549 
124,380 
132,621 
202,608 

30,719 
191,582 



190,307 
140,213 
50,094 

222,942 
193,270 
29,672 



3,031,252 

290,871 
814,291 
135,579 

192,142 
191,250 



530,630 
637,417 



36,811,238 
32,722,546 

11,746,914 
7,954,675 
3,792,239 



2,702,901 

1,509,806 

913,969 

1,331,409 

631,699 

332,619 

212,910 

1,943,006 

2,168,595 

1,809,931 
837,801 
972,130 

475,325 

88,419 

424,336 

821,851 



112,964 

25,292 
32,592 
26,331 
28,749 

47,909 

36,786 

13,354 
23,432 

148,207 
34,478 

15,851 

92,665 

5,213 

146,168 
25,552 
17,608 
13,796 
42,262 

7,077 
39,873 



21,052 
14,994 
6,058 

12,563 
10,204 
2,359 



12,733 
64,104 
15,119 

19,297 
14,194 

22,058 

27,813 
39,023 



2,152,720 
2,152,720 



242,253 
242,253 



58,308 

31,703 

54,420 

18,342 

14,280 

2,425 

5,528 

18,366 

38,881 

53,152 
53,152 

12,936 
1,859 
14,316 

24,041 



169,262 

44,240 
38,997 
46,055 
39,970 

136,631 

63,870 

42,602 
21,268 

170,763 
53,037 

30,585 
74,829 
7,312 

145,964 
29,880 
19,466 
31,685 
20,879 

8,669 
35,385 



46,127 
31,989 
14,138 

53,695 

46,258 

7,437 



31,914 
90,947 
19,854 

37,023 
13,242 



25,154 
37,016 



3,359,280 
1,467,145 

1,092,102 
317,410 
274,692 



181,443 

245,765 

74,143 

78,830 

165,241 

29,611 

34,830 

149,905 

132,334 

104,905 
56,578 
48,327 

23,864 
4,356 
29,624 

47,061 



17.8 

19.0 
16.7 
16.6 
19.2 

19.6 

8.0 

7.5 
9.4 

10.8 
7.6 

10.9 
15.8 
13.6 

17.7 
20.8 
15.7 
23.9 
10.3 

28.2 
18.5 



24.2 
22.8 
28.2 

24.1 
23.9 
25.1 



11.0 
11.2 
14.6 

19.3 
6.9 



4.7 
5.3 



10.5 
4.5 

9.3 
10.3 
7.2 



6.7 

16.3 

8.1 

5.9 

26.2 

8.9 

16.4 

7.7 

6.1 

5.8 
6.8 

5.0 



4.9 

7.0 
5.7 



87,335 

23,681 
19,820 
22,793 
21,041 

83,180 

30,824 

20,249 
10,575 

82,819 
27,506 

13,627 
33,048 
3,638 

76,224 
16,319 

9,989 
16,233 

9,950 

5,655 
18,078 

56,221 

21,110 
14,428 
6,682 

28,605 
24,687 
3,913 



15,114 

49,622 

8,624 

18,621 
6,400 



10,817 
18,173 



2,605,047 

1,947,494 
657,553 



486,493 
382,382 

104,111 



104,186 

98,265 

33,523 

36, 577 

80,483 

11,852 

17,854 

41 , 575 

62,178 

60,405 
35,939 
24,466 

13,350 

2,281 

20,270 

24,004 



467,803 
378,822 
455,261 
398,319 

1,473,736 

607,959 

389,322 
218,637 

1,664,247 
542,619 

269,507 
781,497 
70,624 

1,463,531 
335,943 
194,685 
301,671 
175,806 

105,298 
355,128 



443,946 
278,437 
165,509 

542,603 
468,531 
74,072 



2,933,082 

317,586 

1,051,776 

162,673 

354,140 
117,808 



199,951 
353,598 



51,694,937 

38,972,080 
12,722,857 

9,337,147 
7,432,325 
1,954,822 



1,962,512 

1,903,661 
645,972 
669,199 

1,620,419 
221,532 
354,752 
329,603 

1,174,492 

1,138,834 
695,917 
442,917 

266,094 

45,314 

373,293 

454,133 



20,331 

5,261 
4,774 
5,290 
5,006 

27,300 

6,513 

4,028 
2,435 

22,094 

7,135 

3,690 

10,273 

996 

16,950 
3,658 
2,118 
3,804 
1,634 

1,559 
4,177 



5,760 
3,736 
2,024 

7,517 
6,344 
1,173 



4,506 

11,512 
1,940 

4,174 
1,153 

6,060 

2,147 
3,698 



399,447 
112,785 

106,464 
35,316 
21,148 



26,704 

20,947 
7,538 
7,499 

17,735 
2,290 
3,223 
7,586 

12,892 

9,521 
6,217 
3,304 

2,040 

375 

3,512 

3,594 



20,448 

5,244 
4,862 
5,346 
4,996 

25,867 

6,250 

3,921 
2,329 

20,633 
7,204 

3,647 
8,758 
1,024 

16,342 
3,586 
2,052 
3,470 
1,595 

1,469 
4,170 



5,487 
3,638 
1,849 

7,486 
6,439 
1,047 



4,413 
10,973 
1,966 

4,125 
1,144 

5,974 

2,118 
3,705 



400,339 
112,879 

107,685 
85,988 
21,697 



26,499 

21,438 
7,536 
7,478 

17,901 
2,287 
3,395 
7,764 

13,337 

9,458 
6,178 
3,280 

2,038 
369 

3,511 
3,540 



20,990 

5,346 
4,329 
5,652 
5,163 

25,271 

6,279 

3,938 
2,341 

21,002 
7,239 

3,314 
9,331 
1,013 

16,704 
3,612 
2,053 
3,784 
1,591 

1,443 
4,221 
12,984 

5,639 
3,67: 
1,964 

7,367 
6,193 
1,174 



4,215 
11,228 
1,969 

4,048 

1,131 



2,167 
3,788 



404,383 
112,258 

108,702 
87,122 
21,580 



26,719 

21,853 
7,602 
7,372 

18,487 
2,280 
3,568 
7,480 

13,341 

9,558 
6,219 
3,339 

1,932 

347 

3,566 

3,663 



22,201 

5,487 
5,073 
6,349 
5,292 

25,280 

6,626 

4,082 
2,544 

23,096 
7,731 

3,360 
10,933 
1,067 

18,183 
4,074 
2,225 
4,185 
1,670 

1,474 
4,555 

13,350 

7,272 
4,172 
3,100 

7,766 
6,695 

1,071 



4,857 
U,524 
2,060 

4,393 
1,145 



2,197 
4,051 



404,031 
111,845 

106,460 
85,661 
20,799 



25,356 

21,039 
7,573 
7,375 

18,348 
2,276 
3,655 
7,760 

13,073 

9,523 
6,226 
3,297 

1,950 
359 

3,398 
3,816 



1,651 

240 
340 
592 
479 

1,153 

268 

159 
109 

1,399 
774 

204 
323 
98 

2,033 
170 
229 
408 
395 

132 
699 

1,403 

732 
551 
131 

664 

607 

57 



411 
323 
253 

227 
122 



131 
295 



67 
43 



1-8 WHOLESALE TRADE-SUMMARY STATISTICS 

Table lA. WHOLESALE TRADE: 1954-UNITED STATES, BY TYPE OF OPERATION AND KIND OF 

BUSINESS-Continued 
Establishments, Sales, Inventories. Operating Expenses, Payroll, and Personnel 



Type of operation and kind of business 



Estab- 
lisn- 
ments 



(N'-imber) 



($1,000) 



Inven- 
tories, 
end of 



($1,000) 



Operating 
expenses 
(including 
payroll)^ 



Ajnount 
($1,000) 



Per- 
cent 

of 
sales 



Paid employees, vorkweek ended nearest- 



Payroll, 
entire 



($1,000) 



Payroll, 
workweek 

ended 

nearest 

Hovemben 15 

(Dollars) 



(Number) 



Hay 15 
(Number^ 



August 15 
(Number) 



November 
15 



(Number) 



Active 
proprie- 
tors of un- 
incorpo- 
rated 
busi- 
nesses, 
November 

( Number) 



Type by Kind of Business — Continued 
hfanufacturers' sales branches, sales offices-Con. 

Apparel and related products 

Sales branches (with stocks) 

Sales offices (without stocks) 

Hen's and boys' clothing and furnishings 
sales branciies, sales offices 

Women's and children's outerwear and under- 
garments sales branches, sales offices... 

Outer apparel and related products sales 
branches, sales offices 

Furniture and fixtures 

Sales branches (with stocks) 

Sales offices (without stocks) 

Household furniture sales branches, 

sales offices. 

Office furniture sales branches, 

sales offices 

Other furniture, fixtures sales branches, 
sales offices 

Paper and allied products 

Sales branches (with stocks) 

Sales offices (wl thout stocks) 

Pulp, paper and paperboard sales 

branches, sales offices 

Paperboard containers and boxes sales 

branches, sales offices 

Other paper and allied products sales 
branches, sales offices 

Chemicals and allied products 

Sales branches (with stocks) 

Sales offices (without stocks) 

Industrial inorganic and organic 
chemicals; 

Sales branches (with stocks) 

Sales offices (without stocks) 

Drugs and medicines sales branches, 

sales offices 

Soap and related products sales branches, 

sales offices 

Paints and allied products sales branches, 

sales offices 

Other chemicals and allied products sales 

branches, sales offices 

Rubber products 

Sales branches (with stocks) 

Sales offices (without stoclcs) 

Tires and inner tubes sales branches, 

sales offices 

Rubber footwear sales branches, 

sales offices 

Reclaimed rubber and other rubber 
industries sales branches, sales offices. 

leather and leather products 

Sales branches (with stocks) 

Sales offices (without atocijs) 

Stone , clay and glass products 

Sales branches (with stocks) 

Sales offices (without stocks) 

Glass and glass products sales branches, 

sales offices 

Cement, liydraulic sales branches, 

sales offices 

Structural clay products sales branches, 

sales offices 

Concrete, and plaster products sales 

branches, sales offices 

Other stone, clay and glass products sales 
branches, sales offices 

Primary metal products 

Sales branches (with stocks) 

Sales offices (without stocks) 

Blast furnace, steel works, and rolling 
mill products sales branches, aalea offices 
Other primary metals industry products 
sales branches, sales offices 

Fabricated metal products 

Sales branches (with stocks) 

Sales offices (without stocks) 

Cutlery, hand tools, hardware sales 

branches, sales offices 

Heating and plumbing equipment sales 

branches, sales offices 

Structural metal products sales branches, 

sales offices 

Fabricated wire products sales branches, 

sales offices 

Other fabricated metal products sales 
branches, sales offices 

See footnotes at end of table. 



283 
157 
126 

103 
107 



286 
229 



115 
112 



455 
93 
357 



2,190 

1,482 

708 



196 

257 

325 

207 

646 

559 

525 

452 

73 

292 

34 

199 

101 
71 
30 

942 
380 
562 

430 

no 

106 

114 

182 

1,164 
216 
948 

561 

603 

1,057 
602 
455 

124 

283 

261 

126 

263 



735,931 
333,235 

402,696 

307,979 

279,228 

148,724 

266,271 
197,438 
68,333 

136,980 

58,815 

70,476 

2,097,564 

377,093 

1,720,471 

385,797 

246,251 

965,516 

8,889,311 
4,548,221 
4,341,090 

1,937,291 
2,934,526 

883,323 
1,211,087 

539,840 

1,333,244 

1,602,956 

1,385,078 

217,878 

1,138,548 

119,966 

344,442 

412,553 
358,759 
53,794 

2,606,649 

659,159 

1,947,490 

1,083,202 

450,056 

125,425 

403,232 

539, 7X 

10,989,279 
1,351,608 
9,637,671 

^7,634 ,088 

3,355,191 

2,855,046 

602,631 

2,252,415 

129,104 

409,731 

874,144 

108,662 

1,333,405 



29,508 
29,508 



12,490 

8,885 

8,133 

18,4A9 
18,449 

7,869 

3,927 

6,653 

15,886 
15,886 

2,347 

227 

13,312 

173,746 
173,746 



39,869 

12,120 

37,208 

37,119 

122,207 
122,207 

81,764 

16,539 

23,904 

53,033 
53,033 



49,583 
49,583 



31,646 

277 

6,285 

978 

10,397 

78,798 
78,798 

8,842 
69,956 

77,230 

77,230 

6,889 
23,379 
22,129 
13,072 
11,761 



66,062 
39,339 
26,223 

22,546 

31,752 

11,764 

41,937 
29,396 
12,541 

16,333 

13,278 

12,326 

143,542 
24,496 

119,046 

57,168 

16,485 

69,839 

841,351 
557,022 
284,329 

170,273 
146,579 

119,538 

98,421 

103,403 

203,087 

165,352 
142,754 
22,598 

109,702 

20,217 

35,433 

47,566 

45,208 

2,353 

137,912 
113,704 
74,203 

56,446 

23,531 

9,938 

27,447 

70,500 

227,546 
52,746 
174,800 

110,681 

116,865 

156,594 
98,602 
57,992 

13,659 

32,498 

53,381 

17,521 

39,535 



9.0 
12.0 
6.5 

7.3 

11.4 

7.9 

15.7 
14.9 
18.2 

11.9 

22.6 

17.5 

6.3 
6.5 
6.9 

6.5 

6.7 
7.2 

9.5 

12.2 
6.5 



5.0 

13.5 

8.1 

17.5 

15.2 

10.3 
10.3 
10.4 

9.6 

16.9 

10.3 

11.5 
12.6 
4.4 

7.2 
17.2 
3.8 

5.2 

5.2 

8.0 
6.8 

13.1 

2.1 
3.9 

1.8 



5.5 

16.4 
2.6 

10.6 

7.9 

6.1 

16.1 

i.'i 



34,917 
19,684 
15,233 

11,809 

16,712 

6,396 

22,390 
17,332 
5,558 

7,691 

8,562 

6,637 

54,442 
13,141 
41,301 

16,161 

6,399 

31,882 

299,934 
192,658 
107,326 

41,756 
4S,647 

54,896 

32,515 

45,837 

76,283 

69,231 
60,195 
9,036 

47,381 

6,851 

14,999 

19,970 
13,302 
1,168 

100,828 
64,138 
36,690 

40,230 

9,258 

5,002 

14,101 

32,237 

108,715 
26,489 
82,226 

57,618 

51,097 

87,721 
56,416 
31,305 

8,968 
16,892 
31,870 

7,946 
22,045 



701,245 
404,117 
297,128 

221,187 

336,719 

143,339 

442,808 
331,434 
111,324 

141,324 

167,908 

133,576 

1,123,322 
302,267 
821,055 

339,863 

120,102 

663,357 

5,989,562 
3,855,136 
2,134,426 

364,173 
932,137 

1,073,627 
598,462 
891,460 

1,629,703 

1,409,510 

1,230,855 

178,655 

916,976 

140,599 

351,935 

376,316 
354,289 
22,027 

2,014,651 

1,332,204 

682,447 

787,151 

187,536 

120,912 

247,910 

671,092 

2,188,596 

535,224 

1,653,372 

1,152,468 

1,036,128 

1,700,052 

1,073,053 

626,999 

154,925 

337,745 

604,287 

140,235 

462,860 



6,365 
4,183 
2,182 

2,233 

3,010 

1,122 

4,440 

3,464 

976 

1,649 

1,584 

1,207 

10,218 
2,753 
7,465 

2,433 

942 

6,793 

56,129 
38,555 

17,574 

7,565 
6,918 

10,718 
5,814 
9,649 

15,465 

13,472 
11,843 
1,629 

9,253 

1,396 

2,323 

4,348 
4,167 

181 

18,756 
13,073 
5,683 

3,566 

1,589 

892 

2,385 

5,324 

17, .500 
5,129 
12,371 

8,212 

9,288 

16,919 
12,020 
4,899 

1,661 

3,625 

5,475 

1,764 

4,394 



6,257 
4,125 
2,132 

2,268 

2,847 

1,142 

4,387 

3,442 

945 

1,632 

1,574 

1,181 

10,177 
2,738 
7,439 

2,477 

927 

6,773 

56,408 
38,920 
17,488 

7,583 
6,978 

10,748 
5,791 
9,676 

15,632 

13,336 

11,740 
1,596 

9,166 

1,363 

2,807 

4,219 

4,045 

174 

19,068 
13,361 
5,707 

8,448 

1,607 

922 

2,474 

5,617 

17,746 

5,345 

12,401 

8,239 

9,507 

17,268 
12,329 
4,939 

1,625 

3,634 

5,579 

2,131 

4,299 



6,447 
4,302 
2,145 

2,267 

3,020 

1,160 

4,306 

3,420 

886 

1,607 

1,566 

1,133 

10,099 
2,674 
7,425 

2,492 

939 

6,663 

56,766 
39,213 
17,548 

7,720 
7,035 

10,626 
5,944 
9,699 

15,742 

13,425 
11,808 
1,617 

9,229 

1,370 

2,826 

4,185 

4,010 

175 

19,100 

13,352 

5,743 

8,534 

1,585 

903 

2,522 

5,551 

17,722 
5,118 
12,604 

8,429 

9,293 

17,418 
12,493 
4,925 

1,615 

3,697 

5,824 

2,160 

4,122 



6,668 
4,351 
2,317 

2,274 

3,171 

1,223 

4,466 

3,485 

931 

1,620 

1,616 

1,230 

10,351 
2,896 
7,455 

2,521 

955 

6,875 

56,863 
39,272 
17,591 

7,686 
7,067 

10,871 
5,897 
9,543 

15,799 

13,377 
11,762 
1,615 

9,138 

1,397 

2,792 

4,176 
4,005 

171 

19,107 
U,355 
5,752 

3,884 

1,594 

921 

2,486 

5,222 

17,751 
5,114 
12,637 

8,452 

9,299 

17,030 
12,074 
4,956 

1,609 

3,689 

5,610 

1,866 

4,256 



UNITED STATES SUMMARY 

Table lA. WHOLESALE TRADE: 19M-UNITED STATES, BY TYPE OF OPERATION AND KIND OF 

BUSINESS-Continued 
Establishments, Sales, Inventories, Operating Expenses, Payroll, and Personnel 



1-9 



T^pe of operation and kind of business 



Estab- 
lish- 
ments 



(Number) 



($1,000) 



Inven- 
tories, 

end of 

year, 
at cost 

(tl,0OO) 



Operating 
expenses 
(including 
payroll )^ 



Amount 
($1,000) 



Per- 
cent 



Payroll, 
entire 
year 

($1,000) 



Payroll, 
workweek 

ended 
nearest 

November 1 5 

(Dollars) 



Paid employees, workweek ended nearest — 



(Number) 



(Number) 



(Number) 



(Number) 



Active 
proprie- 
tors of un- 
incorpo- 
rated 
busi- 
nesses, 
November 

(Number) 



Type by Kind of Business — Continued 
^fanuf acturers ' sales branches, sales ofCicea-Oon. 

^bchinery (except electrical) 

Sales branches (with stocks) 

Sales offices (without stocks) 

Tractors and farm machinery sales 

branches, sales offices 

Construction and mining machinery sales 

branches, sales offices 

Mstalworking machinery sales branches, 

sales offices 

Special-industry machinery 
(except metalworking) : 

Sales branches (with stocks) 

Sales offices (without stocks) 

General industrial machinery: 

Sales branches (with stocks) 

Sales offices (without stocks) 

Office and store machines and devices: 

Sales branches (with stocks) 

Sales offices (without stocks) 

Service-industry and household machines 

sales branches, sales offices 

Other machinery (except electrical) 
sales branches, sales offices 

Electrical machinery ■ 

Sales branches (with stocks) 

Sales offices (without stocks) 

Electrical industrial apparatus: 

Sales branches (with stocks) 

Sales offices (without stocks) 

Electrical appliances sales branches, 

sales offices 

Communication equipment sales branches , 

sales offices 

Other electrical machinery sales 
branches , sales offices 

Transportation equipment 

Sales branches (with stocks) 

Sales offices (without stocks) 

MDtor vehicles and equipment sales 
branches, sales offices 

Other transportation equipment sales 
branches, sales offices 

Instruments and related products 

Sales branches (with stocks) 

Sales offices (without stocks) 

Scientific and controlling instruments 

sales biranches, sales offices 

Photographic and optical goods; watches 

and clocks sales branches, sales offices 
Medical instruments and supplies sales 

branches, sales offices 

Ophthalj&ic goods sales branches, 

sales offices 

Other manufacturers* products 

Sales branches (with stoclis) 

Sales offices (without stocks) 

Coal, coke sales branches, sales offices. 
Tobacco manufactures sales branches, 

sales offices 

Lumber, wood products sales branches, 

sales offices 

Products of printing and publishing sales 

branches, sales offices 

Toys, sporting and athletic goods sales 

branches, sales offices 

Miscellaneous manufacturing industries 

sales branches, sales offices 

Petroleum bulk plants, terminals and W 
gas facilities, total 

Gasoline, distillates, residuals: 
Bulk plants: 

Coamission bulk plants 

Salary bulk plants 

Distributing terminals 

Wholesale LP gas facilities 

Msrchandise agents, brokers, total 

Groceries, confectionery, meats .' 

Groceries (combination of food lines). 

Canned foods 

Coffee, tea, spices 

Confectionery 

Flour 

Heats, provisions (except canned) 

Sugar 

wici.gnnT,pf\iiq grocery products 

See footnotes at end of table. 



5,327 
3,992 
1,335 



291 
69 

558 
539 

1,778 
281 

492 

477 

1,509 
796 
713 

431 
515 



292 
237 

963 

861 
102 



1,047 
895 
152 

320 

208 

90 

429 

1,822 
899 
923 

121 
181 
248 
544 
102 
626 



15,298 

11,780 

1,241 

870 

22,131 

2,949 

277 

1,168 

129 

174 

65 

97 

215 

824 



5,998,901 
4,408,254 
1,590,647 

1,292,917 

332,596 

409,715 



211,420 
108,498 



622,533 
4*5,150 



1,016,290 
61,475 



5,021,744 
3,615,929 
1,405,815 

1,701,161 
816,509 

129,735 

1,739,390 

634,949 

9,247,560 
7,566,883 
1,680,677 

8,299,953 

947,607 

1,025,952 
783,936 
242,016 

425,897 

400,957 

108,583 

90,515 

4,227,222 
1,830,538 
2,396,684 

563,379 
1,621,214 
464,567 
427,835 
160,326 
989,901 



3,538,222 

6,488,913 

5,781,703 

229,534 

39,250,509 

7,621,093 

677,324 

2,179,393 

992,494 

192,992 

168,455 

520,605 

1,514,950 

1,374,875 



458,293 
458,293 



204,320 
17,749 
12,233 

21,696 



21,820 
61,812 



181,420 
181,420 



71,409 

3,101 
69,019 

37,891 

396,179 
396,179 

374,405 

21,774 

52,535 
52,535 

12,563 

22,815 

6,622 

10,535 

150,448 
150,448 

14,445 
21,277 
50,698 
15,552 
11,916 
36,560 

912,501 



33,184 
401,645 
463,190 

14,482 

103,232 

10,587 

1,230 

3,979 

1,407 

92 

44 

124 

2,243 

1,468 



885,344 
762,501 
122,643 

111,660 

37,322 

40,016 

33,841 
7,840 

111,949 
36,744 

334,290 
19,772 

72,311 

79,599 

404,918 
335,340 
69,578 

122,689 
41,956 

11,936 

176,942 

51,393 

441,675 

409,018 

32,657 

423,938 

17,737 

155,881 
134,757 
21,124 

65,546 

39,962 

18,563 

31,808 

363,738 
239,909 
123,829 

21,174 
85,524 
45,928 
77,373 
22,007 
111,732 



273,914 

814,821 

457,548 

60,830 

1,229,060 

163,061 

19,733 

62,392 

7,564 

7,444 

2,258 

5,593 

14,139 

43,938 



14.3 
17.3 
7.7 

8.6 

11.2 

9.8 



16.0 
7.2 



32.9 
32.2 

9.5 

10.8 

8.1 
9.3 
4.9 

7.2 

5.1 

9.2 

10.2 

8.1 

4.8 
5.4 
1.9 

5.1 

1.9 

15.2 
17.2 
8.7 

15.4 
10.0 
17.1 
35.1 

6.6 

13.1 
5.2 

3.8 
5.3 
9.9 
18.1 
13.7 
11.3 



7.7 
12.6 

7.9 
26.5 

3.1 
2.1 
2.9 

2.9 
0.8 
3.9 

1.3 
1.1 
0.9 
3.2 



560,183 

490, IM 

70,019 

62,568 

16,958 

19,255 



20,504 
4,654 



72,667 
22,868 



252,191 
14,966 

36,299 

37,241 

204,228 
164,267 
39,961 

75,081 
25,797 

8,295 

70,769 

24,286 

230,661 

214,864 

15,797 

219,906 

10,755 

93,640 
83,094 
10,546 

38,394 

24,399 

10,220 

20,627 

170,739 
107,929 
62,810 

9,796 
16,976 
21,805 
50,138 
11,113 
60,911 



42,407 
290,549 
179,463 

27,224 

530,707 

72,106 

9,650 

28,395 

3,090 

2,763 

750 

2,291 

7,063 

18,104 



11,291,839 
9,973,980 
1,317,859 

1,234,720 

347,206 

360,713 

409,257 
86,440 

1,434,623 
430,479 

5,272,667 
299,396 

686,504 

729,834 

3,989,599 

3,236,365 

752,734 

1,456,329 
492,573 

155,603 

1,411,200 

473,894 

4,497,540 

4,216,354 

280,686 

4,290,260 

207,280 

1,841,573 

1,626,016 

215,562 

733,304 

446,121 

220,196 

391,957 

3,602,338 
2,371,494 
1,230,844 

221,305 
319,485 
464,774 

1,000,425 
213,571 

1,332,778 

10,627,676 



661,722 
5,747,052 
3,487,438 

531,664 

10,091,334 

1,321,026 

173,502 

524,549 

53,621 

52,916 

12,892 

40,750 

128,493 

334,303 



107,096 
94,640 
12,456 

13,306 

2,940 

2,482 

4,106 



13,009 
3,679 

46,795 
3,156 

9,095 

7,648 

37,061 
31,041 
6,020 

12,651 
3,843 

1,497 

15,022 

4,046 

48,269 

45,004 

3,265 

46,272 

1,997 

20,206 
18,292 
1,914 

6,901 

5,226 

2,082 

5,997 

35,463 
23,750 
11,718 

1,810 
3,694 
4,702 

10,067 
2,237 

12,838 

128,269 



12,773 

71,484 

37,220 

6,792 

118,142 

13,841 

1,810 

5,712 

431 

527 

160 

349 

1,357 

3,495 



107,314 
94,945 
12,369 

13,487 

3,134 

2,488 

4,181 
884 

13,047 
3,633 

46,694 
3,120 

6,839 

7,607 

37,062 
30,976 
6,086 

12,625 
3,855 

1,516 

14,999 

4,065 

46,933 

43,834 

3,099 

45,014 

1,919 

20,384 
18,478 
1,906 

7,042 

5,292 

2,084 

5,966 

35,516 
23,895 

11,621 

1,612 
3,726 
4,818 
9,894 
2,488 
12,778 

126,622 



12,647 

70,673 

36,605 

6,697 

117,211 

13,947 

1,843 

5,733 

427 

530 

153 

377 

1,343 

3,541 



107,592 
95,747 
11,845 

14,169 

2,943 

2,474 

4,104 
351 

13,135 
3,595 

47,689 
2,804 

8,325 

7,503 

37,428 
31,313 
6,115 

12,734 
3,933 

1,515 

15,203 

4,043 

47,028 
44,265 
2,763 

45,134 

1,694 

20,719 
16,322 
1,897 

7,336 
5,369 

2,081 

5,913 

36,146 
24,500 
11,646 

1,779 
3,651 
5,030 

10,236 
2,657 

12,793 



12,738 

71,529 

37,088 

6,828 

123,707 

14,256 

1,931 

5,332 

435 

526 

153 

330 

1,328 

3,671 



108,279 
96,485 
11,794 

13,512 

2,8bO 

2,486 

4,029 
816 

13,043 
3,575 

49,119 
2,794 

3,579 

7,466 

37,447 
31,327 

6,120 

12,738 
3,919 

1,568 

15,143 

4,079 

47,717 

45,051 

2,666 

45,769 

1,948 

20,460 
18,610 
1,850 

7,371 

5,262 

2,030 

5,797 

36,201 
24,357 
11,844 



4,626 
10,339 

2,384 
12,910 

132,554 



13,346 

73,631 

38,672 

6,905 

131,308 

14,440 

1,954 

5,871 

463 

559 

159 

383 

1,239 

3,762 



30 
19 
11 



22,206 



15,818 

6,093 

27 

268 

17,287 
2,516 
238 
1,051 
103 
159 
36 
78 
157 
694 



1-10 



WHOLESALE TRADE-SUMMARY STATISTICS 



Table lA. WHOLESALE TRADE: 1934-UNlTED STATES, BY TYPE OF OPERATION AND KIND OF 

BUSINESS-Continued 
Establishments, Sales, Inventories, Operating Expenses, Payroll, and Personnel 



Type of operation and kind of business 



Estab- 
lish- 
ments 



(Number) 



Type by Kind of Business— Continued 
Merchandise agents, brokers — continued 

Farm products f edible) 

Dairy, poultry products. 

Fruits, vegetables 

Drugs, chemicals, paints 

Drugs, proprietaries, toiletries 

Chemicals, explosives 

Paints, varnishes, lacquers, enamels 

Apparel C including footwear) 

Clothing, furnishings (men's, women's),... 

Men's, boys' clothing, furnishings 

'Somen's, children's clothingj accessories. 

Purs (dressed), l~ur clo thine 

Handbags 

Millinery, millinery supplies 

Shoes, other footwear 

Work clothing 

Dry goods, piece goods 

Hosiery 

Dry goods 

Piece goods 

Furniture, home furnishings 

Furniture 

Home furnishings 

Paper, allied products 

Paper 

Stationery, office supplies 

Farm products (raw materials) 

Cotton 

Grain 

Hides, skins, raw furs 

Livestock 

Tobacco ( leaf) 

Wool, mohair 

Miscellaneous inedible farm products 

Automotive 

Electrical -electronic apparatus, 

equipment, appliances 

Electrical apparatus, supplies 

Appliances, radios, TV sets 

Electronic parts, equipment 

Hardware, plumbing-heating goods 

Hardware 

Plumbing, heating goods 

Lumber, construction materials , 

Lumber, millwork *. 

Construction materials (except lumber)... 

^bchinery, equipment, supplies 

Air conditioning, comia»rcial 

refrigeration equipment 

Commercial machines, equipment 

Construction machinery, equipment 

Farm-garden machinery, equipment 

Industrial machinery, equipment, supplies 

Professional equipment, supplies 

Service establishiiient equipment, supplies 
Transportation (exc. automotive) 

equipment, supplies 

Metals, metalwork (except scrap) 

Iron, steel and products 

Nonf errous metals, metalwork 

Other merchandise agents, brokers 

Scrap Iron and steel 

Amusements, sporting goods, toys 

Books, magazines, newspapers 

Co:j1 , coke 

Farm supplies 

Jewelry 

Yams 

Petroleum and products 

General merchandise 

Miscellaneous products agents, 
brokers, n.e.c 

Assemblers of farm products , total 

Farm products (edible) 

Dairy, poultry products 

Fresh fruits, vegetables 

Farm products (raw materials) 

Cotton 

Grain 

Hides, skins, raw fur a 

Livestock (except horses, mules) 

Other Inedible farm products 

Farm supplies 

Feed 

Seed 

Other farm products assemblers 



1,107 
21i 
893 

516 
172 
262 
82 

1,205 
226 
162 
573 

ia 

35 

67 
80 
14 

818 
111 
159 
548 

837 
375 
462 

403 
283 
120 

3,566 
254 
230 
137 

2,223 
552 
118 
52 

648 



1,527 
859 

167 
501 

1,049 
347 
702 



903 
526 
377 



203 
202 
84 
54 
2,124 
85 
247 



661 
513 
148 

2,768 
48 
271 
89 
212 
169 
109 
131 
192 
460 

1,087 



4,080 
2,087 
1,993 

8,669 
281 

6,613 
95 

1,090 
590 

495 
372 
123 



($1,000) 



2,107,445 

516,210 

1,591,235 

522,701 

143,150 

317,332 

62,219 

2,076,128 

658,415 

248,213 

921,217 

59,941 

24,058 

59,368 

89,865 

15,051 

3,233,165 

224,021 

488,027 

2,521,117 

571,713 
269,516 
302,197 

469,942 

410,731 

59,211 

11,495,721 

1,020,618 

1,129,086 

258,403 

7,558,447 

1,045,530 

315,643 

167,994 

925,266 

1,383,138 
695,667 
134,053 
553,418 

606,339 
239,745 
366,594 

855,451 
657,518 
197,933 

2,169,550 

197,197 
68,347 
75,609 
32,671 
1,356,474 
26,008 

174,247 

238,997 

940,802 
631,918 
308,884 

4,272,055 
85,788 
245,501 
77,292 
584,803 
330,258 
68,311 
263,250 
566,617 
595,989 

1,454,246 



2,680,036 
1,392,362 
1,287,674 

6,171,994 
623,751 

3,225,985 
32,849 

1,771,355 
518,054 

194,713 
147,422 
47,291 



Inven- 
tories, 
end of 



($1,000) 



4,073 



4,061 
2,138 
1,923 

1,720 

322 

1,264 

134 

1,913 

319 

305 

1,054 

91 

32 



5,620 
286 
960 

4,374 

1,634 
494 

1,140 

1,020 
868 
152 

29,708 
10,053 
1,150 
1,495 
7,335 
7,762 
1,882 
31 

2,093 

5,727 

3,461 

579 

1,687 

2,595 

499 

2,096 

1,709 

709 

1,000 

U,917 

813 
689 
937 
272 
8,119 
100 
785 

202 
9,551 
8,762 

789 

13,377 

1,167 

318 

1,194 

1,136 

440 

400 

130 

203 

4,702 

3,687 

385,348 

70,636 
21,177 
49,459 

293,455 
30,761 

181,772 

1,871 

16,016 

63,035 

20,657 
12,655 
8,002 

600 



Operating 
expenses 
(including 
payroll)^ 



Amount 
($1,000) 



87,517 
18,693 
68,824 

25,212 

10,474 
11,747 
2,991 

71,613 
16,983 
10,256 
31,967 
2,821 
1,383 
3,680 
4,068 
455 

107,348 
9,299 
18,982 
79,067 

38,691 
17,044 
21,647 
19,590 
14,403 
5,187 

176,930 
7,659 
11,349 
9,108 
96,999 
43,602 
5,933 
2,280 

38,293 



83,801 
44,804 
7,124 
31,873 

43,929 
15,254 
28,675 

40,533 
25,640 
14,893 
150,303 

8,973 
6,746 
5,501 
2,155 
106,371 
2,159 
9,560 

8,838 

31,722 
23,630 
8,092 

150,517 
3,364 

14,484 
7,853 

22,307 
6,596 
3,989 
6,537 

10,619 

26,726 

48,042 

729,365 

379,301 
111,730 
267,571 

328,622 
16,030 

219,456 
2,914 
42,601 
47,621 

20,419 
13,053 
7,366 

1,023 



Per- 
cent 

of 
sales 



Payroll, 
entire 
year 



($1,000) 



4.2 
3.6 
4.3 

4.8 
7.3 
3.7 
4.8 

3.4 
2.6 
4.1 
3.5 
4.7 
5.7 
6.2 
4.5 
3.0 

3.3 
4.2 
3.9 
3.1 

6.3 
6.3 
7.2 

4.2 
3.5 



0.8 
1.0 
3.5 
1.3 
4.2 
1.9 
1.4 



6.1 
6.4 
5.3 
5.8 

7.2 
6.4 
7.8 

4.7 
3.9 
7.5 



4.6 
9.9 
7.3 
6.6 
7.8 
8.3 
5.5 



3.4 
3.7 
2.6 

3.5 
3.9 
5.9 
10.2 
3.8 
2.0 
5.8 
2.5 
1.9 
4.5 

3.3 



14.2 
8.0 
20.8 

5.3 
2.6 
6.8 
8.9 
2.4 
9.2 

10.5 
8.9 
15.6 



39,381 
9,307 
X,074 

11,735 
4,314 
5,859 

1,562 

31,175 

9,235 

4,418 

12,960 

1,229 

460 

1,373 

1,378 

122 

49,567 
4,687 
8,538 

36,342 

14,434 
6,133 
8,301 

8,247 
5,913 
2,334 

77,429 
3,035 
5,544 
4,327 
46,247 
14,343 
3,155 
778 

14,991 

32,007 
17,653 
2,536 
11,818 

17,581 
5,526 
12,055 

17,727 
10,368 
7,359 



3,822 
3,177 
2,411 

809 
45,611 

892 
4,371 



13,576 
9,467 
4,109 

66,145 
1,893 
5,161 
3,730 

11,394 
2,809 
1,396 
2,140 
4,061 

13,795 

19,766 



176,957 
52,205 
124,752 
140,680 
6,207 
95,672 
1,562 
14,854 
22,385 

9,796 
6,530 
3,266 

5X 



Payroll, 
workweek 

ended 

nearest 

November 15 

(Dollars) 



733,776 
194,756 
539,020 

236,253 
90,239 

117,145 
28,869 

583,909 
180,070 
73,649 
251,724 
19,671 
8,668 
25,000 
22,599 
2,528 

878,670 
85,924 
152,178 
640,568 

275,574 
117,677 
157,897 
158,304 
113,083 
45,221 

1,651,834 

57,716 

102,509 

73,154 

949,099 

397,720 

55,475 

16,161 

286,327 



624,223 
333,570 
47,335 
243,318 

341,699 
105,124 
236,575 

331,088 
192,630 
138,458 



74,609 
58,742 
41,122 
18,572 
838,688 
18,925 
80,180 

66,353 
248,944 
175,585 

73,359 

1,222,516 
29,938 
93,953 
65,658 

214,981 
59,436 
23,304 
40,913 
71,540 

260,984 

361,807 

6,670,562 

3,458,470 
1,090,733 
2,367,737 

3,004,277 
123,672 

1,854,511 
29,654 
301,787 
694,653 

196,015 
127,985 
68,030 

11,800 



Paid employees, workweek ended nearest— 



(Number) 



8,758 
2,056 
6,702 

2,089 
880 
935 
274 

6,202 

1,948 

648 

2,596 

405 

96 

265 

219 

25 

7,242 

636 

1,529 

5,077 

2,637 
1,134 
1,503 
1,420 
981 
439 

34,480 

723 

1,058 

754 

28,866 

2,366 

552 

161 

2,532 



5,257 

2,949 

471 

1,837 

3,240 
1,007 
2,233 
4,170 
1,946 
2,224 

11,230 

858 
675 
416 
197 
7,429 
210 
822 

623 
2,279 
1,576 

703 

12,765 
342 
869 
921 

1,960 
626 
269 
396 
706 

2,994 

3,682 



67,498 
16,662 
50,836 

40,942 
1,514 

25,586 

501 

4,913 

8,428 

2,993 

2,131 

342 



(Number) 



9,025 
2,099 
6,926 

2,130 
892 
967 
271 

6,132 

1,899 

655 

2,618 

368 

93 

262 

212 

25 

7,231 

623 

1,532 

5,076 

2,636 
1,129 
1,507 

1,443 

1,009 

434 

33,463 

714 

1,053 

703 

28,897 

1,330 

586 

180 

2,576 



5,430 

3,006 

471 

1,953 

3,234 

998 

2,236 

3,386 
1,978 
1,408 

11,626 

1,171 
694 
413 
194 

7,493 
211 
830 

620 
2,299 
1,593 

706 

12,653 
326 
868 
898 

1,976 
616 
274 
384 
709 

2,962 

3,640 



69,178 
17,377 
51,801 

39,467 
1,478 

26,050 

560 

5,004 

6,375 

2,980 

2,209 

771 



August 15 
{ Number) 



8,618 
1,906 
6,712 

2,140 
907 
965 
268 

5,956 

1,943 

645 

2,559 

231 

93 

259 

201 

25 

7,212 

619 

1,517 

5,076 

2,626 

1,126 
1,500 

1,452 

1,028 

424 

39,678 

706 

1,086 

695 

29,598 

6,862 

547 

184 

2,600 



5,398 

3,003 

477 

1,918 

3,238 
1,018 
2,220 

4,170 
1,959 
2,211 

11,733 

1,185 
680 
406 
204 

7,588 
237 
823 

610 

2,273 

1,582 

691 

12,357 
311 
874 
918 

1,889 
645 
277 
390 
677 

2,831 

3,545 



59,961 
17,585 
42,376 

42,710 
1,811 

28,375 

522 

5,131 

6,871 

3,232 

2,273 

959 



November 
15 



(Number) 



8,753_ 
2,055 
6,698 

2,212 

955 
982 
275 

6,122 

1,951 

703 

2,660 

220 

98 

259 

203 

28 

7,339 

644 

1,585 

5,110 

2,698 
1,171 
1,527 

1,456 

1,025 

431 

46,714 

812 

1,089 

707 

X,373 

12,976 

512 

245 

2,633 

5,513 

3,042 

489 

1,982 

3,366 
1,075 
2,291 

3,473 
2,014 
1,459 

11,355 

695 
687 
406 
199 
7,693 
240 
830 

605 

2,302 

1,604 

698 

12,932 
295 
932 
919 

1,943 
722 
281 
391 
719 

2,835 

3,895 

123,997 
72,104 
18,266 
53,838 

48,400 
2,235 

28,196 

547 

5,434 

11,988 

3,242 
2,195 
1,047 

251 



Active 
proprie- 
tors of un- 
incorpo- 
rated 
busi- 
nesses, 
November 

(Number) 



772 
147 
625 



162 
51 

992 
174 
103 
509 
35 
35 
64 
62 



78 
333 

709 
306 
403 

272 
181 
91 

3,363 
202 
123 
70 
2,221 
633 
73 
41 

523 



1,309 
765 
132 
412 

869 
297 
572 

645 
389 
256 



173 
159 
44 
27 
,617 
56 
170 



471 
364 
107 

1,712 
25 
202 
50 
59 
95 
84 
108 
123 
247 

719 



2,792 
1,493 
1,299 

3,237 
238 

1,938 

63 

687 

311 

305 
246 

39 



XXX Not applicable. ... Represents zero. ^Entries for agents and brokers represent brokerage or ccniiloslons received, 
from general offices, totaling $1,782,169 for the year 1954; sales arc not allocated to sales offices. 



^Excludes sales directly from plants and 



UNITED STATES SUMMARY 

Table IB. WHOLESALE TRADE: 1948-UNITI;D STATES. BY TYPE OF OPERATION AND KIND OF 

BUSINESS 
Establishments, Sales, Inventories, Operating Expenses, Payroll, and Personnel 



1-11 



TVpe of operation and kind of business 



Estab- 
lish- 
ments 



(Number) 



Sales, 
entire 



($1,000) 



Inven- 
tories, 
end of 
year, at 
cost 

($1,000) 



Operating 
expenses 

(including 
payroll )' 



Amount 
($1,000) 



Per- 
cent 
of 
sales 



Payroll, 
entire 
year 

($1,000) 



Payroll and paid 

employees, workweek 

ended nearest 

November 15 



Payroll 

(Dollars) 



Employees 
(Number) 



Active 
proprie- 
tors of 
unincor- 
porated 
busi- 
nesses, 
November 

(Number) 



United States, total 

Type of Operation 

Merchant wholesalers, total 

Service wholesalers (danestic market): 

Wholesale merchants (Jobbers) 

Converters (textile) 

Industrial distributors 

Foreign trade merchants: 

Exporters 

Importers 

Limited-function wholesalers: 

Cash-carry wholesalers 

Drop or direct-mill shippers 

Ua^n, trucL distributers 

'Jetailer-coODerative warehonsoc: 

Manul'ac turers ' sales branches, offices, totai 

Sales branches (with stocks ) 

Sales offices (without stocks ) 

Petroleum bulk stations, terminals, total 

Independent bulk stations 

Ccnmission stations 

Salary, salaiy-commlssion stations 

Cooperative bulk stations 

Dlstributijig terminals 

Agents, brokers, total 

Auction ccDDanles 

Brokers ' (merchandise ) : 

Represent ug sellers 

Representing buyers 

Coonlssian merchants 

Export agents 

Import agents 

Manufacturers 'agents: 

With stocks 

Without stocks 

Selling agents 

Purchasing agents, resident buyers 

Cooperative buying agencies 

Cooperative sales agencies 

Assemblers (mBlnly farm products ), total 

Assemblers (dealing on own account) 

Ccxmisslon buyers 

Cooperative marketing associations 

Cream stations 

Country grain elevators; 

Independent 

line 

Cooperative 

lackers, shippers 

I^e by Kind of Business 

Merchant wholesalers, tot,il 

Groceries, confectionery, meats: 

Groceries (general line ) 

Not sponsoring cooperative voluntary groups.. 

Voluntary group wholesalers 

Retailer-cooperative warehouses 

Cash-carry deoots 

Institutional wholesalers 

Confectionery 

Fish, sea foods 

Meats, meat products 

Other grocery, food specialties 

Canned foods 

Coffee, tea, spices 

Dried fruits, nuts 

Flour 

Frosted, frozen foods 

Miscellaneous grocery specialties 

Farm products (edible): 

Daily, poultry products 

Fruits, vegetables (fresh) 

Beer, wines, distilled spirits; 

Beer, ale 

Wines, distilled spirits 

Drugs, chemicals, allied products: 

Drugs (general line) 

Drugs, drug sundries (specialty lines) 

Proprietary medicines, toiletries 

Retailer-cooperatives specialty lines 

Drug sundries 

Industrial chemicals, explosives 

Paints, varnishes 

With glAss, wallpaper 

Without glass, wallpaper 



117,105 
1,091 
1,944 

3,141 
1,918 



978 
1,615 
1,065 
260 
23,706 
15,687 
8,019 

28,351 
6,345 

16,288 

3,919 

1,057 

742 

18,138 
1,671 

3,821 
504 

1,977 
910 
250 

1,245 
4,906 
2,477 

185 

21 
171 

16,787 

4,052 

1,080 

994 

605 

2,406 
3,282 
2,473 



4,253 

2,953 

634 

211 

404 

51 

1,696 

1,100 

3,200 

5,458 

1,000 

489 

130 

263 

422 

3,154 



4,839 
6,127 



5,206 
1,495 



302 
1,594 

663 
17 

914 
1,075 
1,153 

486 

667 



76,533,260 

62,040,990 
1,735,854 
2,812,215 

3,387,793 
2,783,083 



354,537 
2,604,407 
146,885 
667,496 
50,800,384 
28,609,331 
22,191,053 

10,483,060 
1,756,090 
2,572,310 
3,547,591 
171,422 
2,435,647 

32,839,667 
2,870,079 

8,176,570 
1,059,053 

7,290,708 

1,161,002 

670,189 

598,624 
3,074,172 
4,916,189 

1,729,346 

83,010 

1,210,725 

9,920,288 
2,129,583 
1,459,848 
1,410,424 
60,477 

1,089,389 
1,273,040 
1,694,774 

802,753 



76,533,260 

5,771,700 

3,358,324 

1,627,196 

582,340 

146,409 

57,431 

357,554 

387,557 

1,977,065 

2,719,192 

399,360 

567,066 

66,008 

153,612 

232,165 

l,300j981 



2,688,598 
3,169,960 



1,524,681 
2,525,114 



344,070 
496,100 
201,722 
6,551 
287,827 
685,727 
217,391 
106,894 
110,497 



7,056,391 

5,824,309 
187,510 
461,389 

212,767 
272,874 



22,501 

6,658 

3,069 

65,304 

1,730,310 

1,730,310 



702,298 
83,431 
19,459 

469,994 
U,510 

115,904 

64,910 
2,466 

13,189 
2,904 

U,202 
6,200 
3,509 

12,024 

7,900 

905 

361 

2,250 

411,531 
69,485 
8,799 

107,429 
602 

50,007 
64,508 
79,501 

31,200 



7,056,391 

598,763 

355,255 

171,807 

54,182 

10,670 

6,849 

23,749 

16, 149 

33,307 

209,950 

43,244 

49, 881 

6,749 

5,688 

24,446 

79,942 



63,017 
51,830 



69, UO 
304,149 



116,611 
59,544 
23,372 
1,425 
34,247 
50,917 
34,180 
19,511 
14,669 



7,642,048 
156,678 
396,394 

268,440 
174,747 



16,956 
116,742 
19,369 
34,727 
3,845,619 
2,860,408 
985,211 

947,995 
201,958 

202,401 

432,441 

20,466 

90,729 

835,806 
63,119 

151,325 
19,553 

96,676 
46,684 
14,575 

43, U2 

174,877 
190,472 

22,281 

1,899 

11,213 

604,810 
92,587 
22,175 

136,822 
5,345 

47,356 
47,116 
50,365 



8,326,101 

471,825 
294,717 
135,109 

26,939 
7,150 
7,910 

43,304 

60,500 
147,754 
263,701 

42,000 

41,126 
6,724 

13,075 

33, 
127, 



2U,111 
3U,141 



217,288 
223,535 



100,191 
114,388 
60,961 
607 
52,820 
91,748 
49,291 
25,578 
23,713 



12.3 
9.0 
U.l 

7.9 
6.3 



4.5 
13. 2 

5.2 

7.6 
10.0 

4.4 

9.0 



11.9 
3.7 

2.5 
2.2 

1.8 
1.8 

1.3 
4.0 
2.2 

7.2 
5.7 
3.9 

1.3 
2.3 

0.9 

6.1 
4.3 
1.5 
9.7 



4.3 
3.7 
3.0 



8.2 
3.3 
8.3 
4.6 
4.9 
13.8 
12.1 
15.6 
7.5 
9.7 
10.5 
7.3 
10.2 
8.5 
14.5 



7.9 
9.9 



14.3 
8.9 



11.9 
23.1 
30.2 
9.3 
18.4 
13.4 
22.7 
23.9 
21.5 



7,734,207 



4,848,628 

4,232,993 
81,419 
255,337 

101,277 
80,038 



8,158 

57,944 

9,369 

22,083 

1,903,870 

1,492,124 

411,746 

345,177 
83,492 
50,096 

135,045 
11,910 
64,634 

349,653 
25,242 

61,315 
7,385 

49,3Q1 
21,894 
4,813 

25,408 
59,565 
73,170 

14,486 

858 

6,216 

286,879 
37,879 

9,235 
66,954 

2,951 

21,561 
24,163 
26,256 



4,348,628 

285,756 

175,332 

85,196 

16,722 

3,565 

4,941 

24,398 

30,067 

82,149 

125,059 

18,966 

18,165 

2,338 

5,135 

16,396 

63,559 



115,900 
157,550 



106,348 
117,628 



65,403 
46,471 
25,144 
374 
20,953 
45,384 
27,992 
15,000 
12,992 



148,293,136 



91,456,242 

80,379,079 
1,374,059 
4,738,618 

1,731,475 
1,410,924 



156,433 

1,049,127 

197,801 

418,726 

36,931,797 

28,939,039 

7,992,758 

6,826,115 
1,640,304 
1,002,096 
2,691,355 
233,853 
1,253,007 

6,751,854 
685,972 

1,117,857 
137,416 

916,959 

421,625 

86,262 

432,922 
1,153,073 
1,321,766 

282,247 
19,359 
125,391 

6,327,178 
846,885 
181,232 

1,406,495 
55,297 

411,767 
440,640 
510,270 



91,456,242 

5,433,333 

3,354,137 

1,602,716 

321,683 

55,783 

83,464 

492,315 

594,595 

1,607,526 

2,426,510 

377,607 

325,332 

63,133 

95,844 

335,227 

1,229,262 



2,234,408 
2,955,974 



2,024,029 
2,300,073 



1,243,613 
914,568 
507,887 
7,154 
399,527 
824,833 
521,926 
275,764 
246,162 



2,305,403 



1,440,738 

1,291,296 
12,116 
71,151 

22,956 
17,074 



3,241 
11,573 
4,068 
7,253 
499,522 
409,737 
89,735 

112,264 
30,412 
21,515 
33,525 
4,159 
17,643 

101,522 
22,779 

14,467 
1,317 

15,173 
6,634 
1,068 

5,070 
13,659 

13,644 

3,769 

176 

2,216 

151,357 
21,787 

4,324 
33,531 

1,592 

9,000 

9,711 

10,125 



1,440,738 

95,600 

60,811 

26,337 

5,421 

1,232 

1,249 

9,599 

11,167 

25,108 

41,970 

6,643 

5,223 

1,504 

1,614 

5,539 

21,447 



43, 515 
52,312 



34,404 
29,109 



21,996 
14,589 
7,758 
138 
6,683 
10,707 
8,528 
4,737 
3,791 



130,873 



85,351 

80,243 
420 
277 

1,192 
1,006 



492 
729 
987 
5 
669 
462 
207 

22,633 

5,161 

16, 107 

1,231 

26 

58 

14,626 
1,686 

3,207 
399 

1,741 
424 
124 

971 
4,238 
1,702 

130 
3 

1 

7,599 

2,984 

871 



1,726 
313 
38 

1,429 



2,069 

1,320 

163 

1 

47 

38 

1,518 

937 

3,056 

4,048 

843 

293 

117 

163 

206 

2,426 



4,426 
6,556 



4,233 
559 



37 
961 
381 
1 
579 
374 
583 
218 
365 



See footnotes at end of table. 



1-12 



WHOLESALE TRADE-SUMMARY STATISTICS 

Table IB. WHOLESALE TRADE: 1948-UNlTED STATES, BY T'lPE OF OPERATION AND KIND OF 

BUSINESS-Continued 
Establishments. Sales, Inventories, Operating Expenses, Payroll, and Personnel 



Type of operation and kind of business 



Estab- 
lish- 
ments 



(Number) 



Sales, 
entire 
year 



(tl,000) 



Inven- 
tories, 
end of 
year, at 
cost 

($1,000) 



Operating 

expenses 

(including 

payroll)^ 



Amount 
( $1.000) 



Per- 
cent 



Payroll, 
entire 
year 



($1,000) 



Payroll and paid 

employees, workweek 

ended nearest 

November 15 



Payroll 
(Dollars) 



Bnployees 
(Number) 



Active 
proprie- 
tors of 
unincor- 
porated 
buBi- 
nesses, 
November 

(Number) 



l^e by Kind of Business — Continued 

Merchant wholesalers — Continued 

Tobacco and products (except leaf) 

Dry goods, apparel: 

Clothing, furnishings , fo otwear. 

Clothing, furnishings ( gener al l ine) 

Hen's, boys' clothing, furnishings 

Women's, children's clothing, furnishings 

Furs (dressed), fur clothing 

Millinery, millinery supplies 

Shoes, other footwear 

Work clothing 

Dry goods (general line) 

Dry goods specialties, piece goods, notions 

Hosiery, underwear 

Piece goods ( jobbers ) 

Other dry goods, notions 

Piece goods converters 

Furniture, home furnishings: 

Furniture (household, office ) 

Household furniture 

Office furniture 

Home furnishings , floor coverings 

China, glassware, crockery 

Floor coverings 

Miscellaneous home furnishings 

Paper and its products: 

Wrapping paper, twine 

Fine paperL . ^ ...... ^ 

Stationery, office supplies 

Wallpaper ." ^ 

Miscellaneous paper products 

Farm products (raw materials): 

Cotton 

Grain 

Hides, skins, raw furs 

Livestock (except horses, mules) 

Tobacco (leaf) 

Wool, mohair 

Miscellaneous Inedible farm products 

Automotive: 

Automobiles, other motor vehicles 

Automobiles, Mw ^nd^iised 

Trucks, tractors (road type ) 

Automotive equipment, tires and tubes 

Automotive parts, accessories 

Garage equipment , tools 

Tires and tubes 

Electrical goods: 

Electrical goods (general line) 

Wiring sup plies, co nstruction materials, apparatus and equipment 

Wiring supplies, construction materials 

Apparatus and equipment 

Electrical appliances, specialties 

Electrical appliances (general line) 

Radios, television sets 

Refrigerators, equipment (household) 

Miscellaneous appliances, specialties 

Hardware, plumbing, heating: 

Hardware 

General line (with industrial department) 

General line (without industrial department) 

Specialty lines 

Plumbing, heating equipment, supplies 

Plumbing, heating (general line) 

Heating (Inc. stoves, ranges) 

Plumbing fixtures, supplies 

Air conditioning, ventilating equipment 

Lumber, construction materials: 

Lumber, millwork 

Direct mill shippers 

Distributors with yords,^.. 

Other construe tlon materials 

Brick, tile, terracotta 

Cement, lime, plaster 

Glass (building) 

Sand, gravel, crushed atone 

Ready-mixed concrete distributors 

Roofing, siding, Insulation 

Miscellaneous construction materials 

See footnotes at end of table. 



2,701 



4,122 

350 

1,123 

1,178 

393 

399 

519 

160 

178 

4,214 

535 

r,953 

1,726 

1,090 



1,054 
528 
526 

2,135 
450 
570 

1,115 



470 
430 
759 
244 
1,727 



299 
378 
624 
207 
135 
247 
169 



2,073 

614 

1,459 

11,490 

10,269 

357 

864 



539 

2,159 
1,702 

457 
2,343 

359 
1,107 

232 

545 



1,977 

361 

309 

1,307 

J, 518 

1,867 

524 

821 

306 



3,109 
863 
2,246 
2,467 
252 
200 
326 
184 
354 
326 
825 



2,487,122 



1,471,358 
177,286 
358,931 
410,898 
Ul,4e2 
99,828 
241,338 
41,595 
456,026 

1,863,665 
195,658 

1,084,146 
583,861 

1,738,434 



375,261 
241,667 
133,594 
873,973 
114,568 
411,881 
347,524 



295,649 
461,634 
177,096 
32,559 
913,024 



1,741,557 
3,051,393 
467,222 
406,595 
221,088 
508,974 
374, 178 



1,351,070 

809,567 

541,503 

2,566,576 

2,311,329 

74,790 

180,457 



1,425,512 

853,297 
707,104 
146,193 
2,030,474 
769, 106 
486,774 
442,915 
331,679 



2,006,431 

1,196,485 

501,445 

308,501 

1,769,497 

1,178,756 

173,172 

321,821 

95,748 



2,755,546 

1,039,869 

1,715,677 

1,134,409 

98,327 

108, 527 

109,692 

86,737 

174,808 

171,287 

385,031 



113,749 



184,917 
24,821 
48,808 
38,164 
27,736 
10,885 
28,752 
5,751 
68,356 

207,996 
16,230 

110,718 
81,048 

188,561 



45,362 
24,257 
21,105 
116,415 
17,906 
57,164 
41,345 



34,989 
44,345 
27,280 
6,059 
79,783 



152,920 
128,297 
49,221 
4,296 
27,117 
63,686 
28,335 



113,755 
45,106 
68,649 
478,029 
439,162 
11,910 
26,957 



170,515 

107,027 
86,098 
20,929 

224,781 
85,326 
56,182 
44,723 
38,550 



364,805 
221,391 
87,737 
55,677 
253,873 
168, 584 
21,750 
48,614 
14,925 



193,652 

3,426 

190,226 

78,951 
5,8y. 
5,427 

13,100 
2,614 
4,194 

14,713 

33,069 



129,318 



212,706 
24,597 
53,197 
63,616 
15,757 
18,321 
32,343 
4,875 
59,383 

227,939 
21,789 

110,172 
95,978 

156,792 



74,826 
39, 528 
35,298 
140,917 
24,958 
49,293 
66,666 



48,186 
62,572 
47,612 
10,974 
122,210 



77,740 
65,033 
31,441 
8,008 
21,085 
24,987 
15,885 



141,101 
57,350 
83,751 
568,453 
516,477 
16,864 
35,112 



148,596 

138,612 
106,915 
31,697 
266, 158 
98,270 
74,944 
42,146 
50,798 



313,120 
181,075 
73,651 
58,394 
269,274 
164,969 
30,682 
51,759 
21,864 



298,547 
56,915 
241,632 
250,984 
15,466 
22,119 
31,213 
21,570 
58,828 
24,429 
77,359 



14.5 
13.9 
14.8 
15.5 
11.1 
18.4 
U.4 
11.7 
U.O 
12.2 
11.1 
10.2 
16.4 
9.0 



19.9 
16.4 
26.4 
16.1 
21.8 
12.0 
19.2 



16.3 
13.6 
26.9 

'33.7" 
'13.4 



4.5 
2.1 
6.7 
2.0 
9.5 
4.9 
4.2 



10.4 
7.1 
15.5 
22.1 
22.3 
22.5 
19.5 



10.4 

16.2 
15.1 
21.7 
13.1 
12.8 
15.4 
9.5 
15.3 



15.6 
15.1 
14.7 
18.9 
15.2 
14.0 
17.7 
16.1 
22.8 



10.8 
5.5 

14.1 
22.1 
15.7 
20.4 
28.5 
24.9 
33.7 
14.3 
20.1 I 



75,327 



109,207 
13,148 
27,785 
32,383 
7,123 
9,590 
16,994 
2,184 
36,360 
115,938 
11,271 
52,738 
51,929 
81,372 



43,160 
21,847 
21,313 
75,586 
13,213 
28,357 
34,016 



31,156 
39,974 
29,964 

5,505 
72,048 



16,735 
29^415 
7,537 
2,707 
9,955 
11,920 
6,701 



78,116 
30,101 
48,015 
342,526 
314,330 
9,995 
18,201 



88,906 

81,435 
62,535 
18,900 
147,814 
55,162 
41,110 
24,185 
27,357 



203,769 
122,712 
47,966 
33,091 
155,491 
97,080 
16,186 
29,097 
13,128 



167,376 
26,824 
140,552 
135,956 
7,987 
12,045 
20,745 
10,036 
30,068 
13,270 
41,805 



1,425,129 



2,011,462 
240,828 
520,928 
595,704 
141,533 
178,230 
292,200 
42,039 
676,868 

2,115,648 
217,433 
907,383 
990,832 

1,372,762 



813,595 
427,678 
385,917 
1,427,534 
244,277 
515,524 
667,733 



579,071 

741,621 

588,219 

99,974 

1,354,135 



245,255 
572,005 
135,774 
51,025 
195,447 
173,947 
113,917 



1,527,197 
593,208 
933,989 
6,624,870 
6,077,964 
194,480 
352,426 



1,722,305 

1,508,079 

1,155,606 

352,473 

2,867,504 

1,067,636 

801,768 

476,300 

521,800 



3,718,210 

2,238,494 

860,222 

619,494 

2,884,600 

1,768,321 

310,408 

544,617 

261,254 



3,092,U2 
484,120 
2,608,322 
2,657,942 
149,779 
234,523 
381,529 
210,724 
617,105 
260,493 
803,789 



28,955 
3,779 
7,568 
8,192 
1,758 
2,792 
4,169 
697 
9,815 
27,570 
3,268 
10,987 
13,315 
12,118 



11,547 
5,606 
5,941 

20,916 
3,783 
6,715 

10,418 



8,156 
9,192 

10,052 
1,795 

19,487 



3,323 
8,095 
2,105 
300 
5,291 
1,918 
1,455 



23,872 
8,%2 
14,910 
112,531 
103,663 
2,978 
5,890 



25,332 

23,122 
17,765r 
5,353' 
40,953 
14,407 
12,134 
6,661 
7,751 



59,330 
35,173 
13,931 
10,226 
42,708 
26,548 
4,454 
7,890 
3,816 



47,027 
5,1% 

41,831 

39,804 
2,162 
3,431 
5,785 
2,983 
9,097 
3,632 

12,664 



3,179 
327 
846 
858 
323 
312 
359 
154 
60 

2,855 
390 

1,128 

1,337 
425 



662 
325 
337 
1,277 
335 
271 
671 



254 

96 

419 

79 

1,023 



283 
127 
395 
204 
62 
166 
102 



1,246 
369 
877 
7,374 
6,554 
204 
616 



1,199 
"930 
269 
l,U3 
100 
648 
67 
318 



1,016 
28 
108 
881 

1,607 
789 
220 
474 
124 



1,482 
491 
991 

1,114 
103 
80 
200 
101 
166 
131 
333 



UNITED STATES SUMMARY 



1-13 



Table IB. WHOLESALE TRADE: 1948-UNITED STATES, BY TYPE OF OPERATION AND KIND OF 

BUSINESS-Continued 
Establishments, Sales, Inventories, Operating Expenses, Payroll, and Personnel 



Type of operation and kind of business 



l>rpe by Kijld of Business — Continued 

Merchant wholesalers— <;antlnued 
rtachlnery, equipment, supplies: 

Camerclal machines, equipment 

Camerclal refrigeration equipment 

Office machines, equipment 

Restaurant, hotel supplies (principally nonfood).. 

Store machines, fixtures 

Other commercial machines, equipment 



Con struc tion machinery, equipment 

F^rm-dairy machinery, equipment 

Industrial machinery, equipment* supplies 

Industrial machinery, equipment (general line ) . 

Belting, hose, packing 

Machine tools 

Mine, milt supplies 

Oil well, oil refining supplies 

Printing machinery, supplies (except paper)... 

Rope, cordage 

Industrial machinery, supplies, n.e.c 



Professional equipment, supplies 

Dental supplies 

Religious supplies 

School equipment, supplies 

Surgical, medical, hospital equipment, supplies. 
Miscellaneous professional equipment, supplies.. 



supplies 

supplies. 



Service establishment equipment 

Barber, beauty supplies 

Laundry, dry cleaning equipment 

Shoe findings 

Undertakers ' supplies 

Upholsterers ' supplies 

Miscellaneous service equipment, supplies 



Transportation (except^automotive ) equipnent, supplies. . 

Aircraft, "aeronautical equipment, supplies ". . 

Railroad equipment, supplies 

Marine equipment, supplies 

Other transportation equipment, supplies 



Metals, metalwork (ex cept scrap) : 

Iron, steel and products 

Nonferrous metals, metalwork... 



Waste materials: 

Iron, steel scrap 

Other scrap, waste materials. 



Other merchant wholesalers: 

Amusement, sporting eoods 

Cameras, photographic goods. 
Sporting goods, toys, games. 
Other recreational goods,... 



newspapers . 



Books, periodicals. 

Coal, coke 

Direct shippers (without yards). 
Distributors with yards 



Farm supplies 

Feed 

Fertilizers, agricultural chi 
Seeds 

Miscellaneous farm supplies. 



Jewelry 

Jewelery (general line).... 

Clocks, watches 

Precious stones, metals 

Watch materials, jewelers' tools. 

Costume Jewelry 

Miscellaneous jewelry 

Petroleum and products 



Merchant wholesalers, miscellaneous products.... 

Flowers (cut ), potted plants. 

Bulbs, plants 

Forest products (except lumber) 

General merchandise 

Leather goods 

Oils and fats (inedible) 

Textiles and materials other than dry goods. 

Xams (industrial j 

Kinds of business, n.e.c .* 



Manufacturers' sales branches (with stocks), total. 

Groceries, confectionery, meats: 

CorJ'ectionery 

Meats, meat products 

Other grocery, food specialties 

Canned foods 

Coffee, tea, spices 

Flour 

Miscellaneous grocery specialties 



Estab- 
lish- 
ments 



(Number) 



«,2M 

1,127 

802 

712 

1,290 

333 

906 
823 

6,792 
239 
2U 
477 
600 

1,005 
181 
100 

3,976 

2,353 
418 
121 
219 
643 
952 

3,520 
877 
350 

1,039 
90 
163 

1,001 

609 
180 

78 
314 

37 



1,466 

240 



1,891 

409 

1,450 

32 

1,471 
946 
609 
337 

1,538 
793 
221 
458 
66 

2,461 
368 
330 
360 
218 
351 
834 

1,072 

3,969 

518 

83 

346 

177 



548 

210 

1,930 



133 

731 
2,257 

165 
54 

155 
1,883 



."Jales, 
entire 
year 



($1,000) 



Inven- 
tories, 
end of 
year, at 
cost 



($1,000) 



837,044 
202,091 
102,011 
190,751 
265,307 
76,884 

779,882 

481,117 

2,973,949 

331,205 

59,812 

176,988 

330,360 

717,069 

50,389 

74,417 

1,233,709 

562,413 
89,163 
18,152 
64,275 
214,612 
176,211 

743,440 
%,605 

112,443 

324,361 
9,708 
43,369 

156,954 

249,507 
54,683 
60,150 

123,222 

11,452 



J.,4A7,929 
503,126 



1,688,130 
975,501 



543,393 

160,919 

375,582 

6,892 

456jl86 
l,99'/,822 
1,392,698 

605, 124 

1,196,885 
601,537 
131,780 
324,035 
139,533 

725,091 
202,490 
103,025 
181,829 
41,805 
68,571 
127,371 
740,721 

2,456,795 
128,555 

17,048 
145,911 
709,813 

16,737 
180,070 
257,895 
152,040 
848,726 

28,609,331 



355,338 

2,717,418 

3,399,460 

627,316 

228,572 

493,895 

2,049,677 



117,538 
31,866 
13,072 
31,368 
32, 526 
8,706 

131,039 

57,916 

394,727 

46,727 

7,256 

16,066 

44,917 

102,047 

5,347 

5,784 

166,583 

89,352 
17,134 
4,023 
9,357 
29,783 
29,055 

107,460 
19,423 
13,922 
46,093 
1,711 
7,362 
18,949 

29,859 
6,237 
3,971 

18, 140 
1,511 



168,730 
36,030 



51,797 
48,882 



68,347 

17,322 

50,534 

491 

27,570 

64,617 

2,539 

62,078 

87,160 
22,338 
10,417 
41,789 
12,616 

143,687 
36,640 
20,141 
39,395 
7,U2 
9,351 
31,028 
33,820 

206,492 

3,998 

876 

10,383 

68,046 

2,730 

12,230 

24,417 

14,491 

71,321 

1,730,310 



15,820 

69,742 

131,689 

38,109 

9,970 

8,491 

75,119 



Operating 
expenses 
(including 
payroll ) 



Amount 
($1,000) 



203,952 
51,404 
28,825 
42,987 
61,749 
18,987 

128,413 
57,197 

480,205 
57,293 
12,834 
29,476 
58,669 
66,308 
10,775 
6,667 

238,133 

144,658 
23,008 
4,616 
12,815 



Per- 
cent 



24.4 
25.4 
28.3 
22.5 
23.3 
24.7 

16.5 
11.9 
16.1 
17.3 
21.5 
16.7 
17.8 

9.2 
21.4 

9.0 
19.3 

25.7 
25.8 
25.4 
19.9 



Payroll, 

entire 

year 



($1,000) 



49,011 
55,208 


22.8 
31.3 


141,763 


19.1 


31,926 


33.0 


23,964 


21.3 


38,487 


11.9 


2,772 


28.6 


7,930 


18.3 


36,684 


23.4 


46,311 


18.6 


13,004 


23.8 


8,881 


14.8 


22,174 


18.0 


2,252 


19.7 


216,024 


14.9 


36,495 


7.3 


162,123 


9.6 


153,378 


15.7 


94,283 


17.4 


27,365 


17.0 


65,768 


17.5 


1,150 


16.7 


82,027 


18.0 


86,053 


4.3 


45,911 


3.3 


40,142 


6.6 


110,973 


9.3 


38,259 


6.4 


16,671 


12.7 


48,776 


15.1 


7,267 


5.2 


112,885 


15.6 


33,123 


16.4 


17,712 


17.2 


13,695 


7.5 


9,116 


21.8 


14,519 


21.2 


24,720 


19.4 


64,128 


8.7 


262,887 


10.7 


24,507 


19.1 


4,426 


26.0 


20,689 


14.2 


72,160 


10.2 


3,533 


21.1 


11,612 


6.4 


29,428 


11.4 


10,881 


7.2 


85,651 


10.1 


2,860,408 


10.0 


42,791 


12.0 


1U,469 


4.2 


289,810 


8.5 


45,546 


7.3 


16,357 


7.2 


25,456 


5.2 


202,451 


9.9 



112,146 
28,396 
17,243 
24,197 
33,347 
8,963 

73,947 

33,391 

268,796 

36,610 

8,183 

17,040 

31,651 

30,792 

6,128 

4,010 

134,382 

88,336 
13,983 
2,630 
7,819 
28,971 
34,933 

75,138 
16,956 
12,496 
19,541 
1,527 
4,171 
20,447 

24,471 
5,888 
4,466 

12,753 
1,364 



118,531 
21,170 



85,103 
82,368 



48,534 

12,864 

35,134 

536 

51,771 
45,555 
24,799 
20,756 

57,603 
18,128 

7,358 
27,775 

4,342 

60,683 
18,647 
9,111 
6,675 
5,497 
7,879 
12,874 
30,741 

137,783 
14,056 

2,465 
11,376 
41,558 

1,897 

5,817 
15,502 

5,385 
39,727 

1,492,124 



14,924 
64,855 
128,918 
15,630 
4,951 
11,804 
96,533 



Payroll and paid 

employees, workweek 

ended nearest 

November 15 



Payroll 
(Dollars) 



Employee 
(Number) 



Active 
proprie- 
tors of 
unincor- 
porated 
busi- 
nesses, 
November 
(Number ) 



2,121,673 
528,974 
358,735 
455,376 
615,033 
163,555 

1,391,185 
588,169 

5,137,696 
709,161 
145,883 
302,746 
587,968 
630,114 
111,269 
57,884 

2,582,671 

1,664,588 
282,047 
47,631 
146,407 
542,277 
646,226 

1,383.309 
325,759 
222,995 
338,989 

28,347 
74,604 
392,615 

456,859 
121,018 

82,378 
228,905 

24,558 



2,157,842 
383,040 



1,562,492 
1,603,812 



924,307 

251,786 

661,596 

10,925 

1,026,040 
834,375 

450,274 
384,101 

1,069,359 

336,218 

138,905 

512,953 

81,283 

1,148,312 
348,763 
172,321 

117,049 
103,878 
160,242 
246,059 
580,256 

2,552,178 
246,985 

50,232 
228,368 
749,886 

36,526 
105,799 
279,714 

95,767 
758,901 

28,939,039 

298,915 
1,336,041 
2,529,606 

301,203 
96,906 

225,546 
1,905,951 



32,653 
8,041 
5,683 
7,054 
9,489 
2,386 

17,720 
8,149 

72,513 
9,728 
1,921 
3,684 
8,710 
9,099 
1,U1 
787 

37,143 

29,039 
4,577 
1,108 
2,453 
8,062 
12,839 

22.911 
6,257 
3,375 
5,332 

505 
1,247 
6,197 

5,893 

1,726 

723 

3,141 
303 



28,093 
5,046 



28,002 
31,793 



15,679 
3,988 

11,491 
200 

22,417 
11,155 
5,023 
6,132 

20,326 
6,261 
2,253 

10,256 
1,556 

15,955 
4,574 
2,130 
1,152 
1,920 
2,408 
3,771 
8,795 

42,620 

4,295 

860 

4,481 

12,293 

677 

1,541 

5,473 

1,124 

U,876 

409,737 



4,210 
22,504 
38,017 
5,132 
1,452 
3,391 
28,042 



2,863 
703 
557 
486 
882 
235 

311 

442 

3,318 

40 

90 

323 

315 

242 

80 

41 

2,187 

1,198 
209 
98 
130 
297 
464 

2,432 
653 

174 

744 

57 

110 

694 

258 
70 
23 

151 
14 



627 
78 



2,196 
3,591 



1,342 
201 

1,113 
28 

878 
238 
142 
96 

989 
598 

82 
272 

37 

1,973 
272 
231 
294 
203 
276 
697 
551 

2,535 

372 
43 

247 
63 
77 
2B 

387 

98 

1,220 



See footnotes at end of table. 



1-14 



WHOLESALE TRADE-SUMMARY STATISTICS 



Table IB. WHOLESALE TRADE: 1948-UNITED STATES, BY TYPE OF OPERATION AND KIND OF 

BUSINESS-Continued 
Establishments. Sales. Inventories. Operating Expenses, Payroll, and Personnel 



Type of operation and lilnd of business 



rype by Kind of Business — Continued 
Manufacturers' sales branches (with stocks) — Continued 
Farm products (edible) : 

Dairy, poultry products 

Beer, vines, distilled spirts: 

Beer, ale 

Wines, distilled spirits 

Drugs, chemicals, allied products: 

Drugs, drug sundries (specialty lines) 

Proprietary medicines, toiletries 

Drug sundries 

Industrial chemicals, explosiv 

Paints, varnishes 

With glass, wallpaper 

Without glass, wallpaper 

Tobacco and products (except leaf) 

Dry goods, apparel: 

Clothing, furnishings, footwear 

Men's, boys^ clothing, furnishings 

Women's, children's clothing, furnishings 

Clothing, furnishings, footwear, n.e.c 

Dry goods, piece goods, notions 

Hosiery, underwear 

Piece goods 

Other dry goods, notions 

Furniture, home furnishings: 

Furniture (household , office ) 

Household furniture 

Office furniture 

Home furnishings, floor coverings 

Floor coverings 

Miscellaneous home furniehTngsl 

Paper and its products: 

Stationery, office supplies 

Other paper products 

Automotive equipment, tires and tubes 

Automotive parts, accessories 

Garage equipment, tools 

Tires, tubes 

Electrical goods: 

Wiring supplies, construction material, apparatus, and equipment 

wiring supplies, construction materials 

Apparatus and equipment 

Electrical appliances, specialties 

Hardware, plumbing, heating: 

Hardware 

Plumbing, heating equipment, supplies. 

Plumbing, heating (general-line) 

Heating (including stoves, ranges) 

Plumbing fixtures, supplies 

Air conditioning, ventilating equipment 

Lumber, construction materials: 

Lumber, mlllwork 

Other construction materials 

Brick, tile, terra cotta 

Cement, lime , plaster 

Glass (building) 

Roofing, siding, insulation 

Miscellaneous construction materials 

Machinery, equipment, supplies: 

Ccmmercial machines, equipment 

Office machines, equipment 

Store machines, fixtures 

Other commercial machines, equipment, n.e.c 

Construction machinery, equipment 

Farm-dairy machinery, equipment 

Industrial machinery, equipment, supplies 

Industrial machinery, equipment 

Belting, hose, packing 

Machine tools 

Mine, mill supplies 

Oil well, oil refining supplies 

Printing machinery, supplies (except paper) 

Miscellaneous industrial machinery, supplies, n.e.c 

Professional equipment, supplies 

Sei*vice establishment equipment, supplies 

Laundry, dry cleaning equipment, supplies 

Shoe findings 

Undertakers ' supplies 

Miscellaneous service equipment, supplies 

Transportation (except automotive) equipment, supplies 

Metals, metalwork (except scrap): 

Iron, steel and products 

Nonferrous metals, metalwork 

Other manufacturers ' sales branches 

See footnotes at end of table. 



Estab- 
lish- 
ments 



(Number) 



195 
58 



161 
478 
698 
536 

162 



193 
82 



217 
106 
111 
151 



18i 

120 

697 
357 
106 
234 



450 
167 
283 
216 



109 
518 
237 

155 
49 
77 



125 

337 
40 
35 

130 
35 



1,759 

1,438 

220 

101 

56 

283 

1,779 

60 

178 

134 

145 

241 

119 

902 

593 

286 

50 

58 

50 

128 

70 



380 
131 



1,259 



Sales, 
entire 
year 



($1,000) 



901,493 



219,648 
528,571 



501,524 
143,125 
358,399 
1,472,119 
353,619 
223,473 
130,146 

419,423 



384,220 
175,110 
54,500 
154,810 
1,176,185 
62,306 
990,898 
122,981 



170,008 
104,503 
65,505 
420,524 
241,634 
178,890 



60,680 
131,673 

1,609,681 

792,776 

30,458 

786,447 



2,550,179 
394,705 

2,155,474 
211,091 



77,983 
586,395 
356,601 
128,921 

29,762. 

71,111 ' 



142,479 

482,208 
31,317 
48,296 

135,444 
48,582 

218,569 



754,457 

645,778 

62,376 

46,303 

41,714 

1,308,163 

1,804,193 

149,975 

197,693 

79,319 

201,878 

191,289 

78,439 

905,600 

147,492 

261,903 

51,481 

150,320 

21,939 

38,163 

93,877 



658,442 
346,350 



4,320,821 



Inven- 
tories, 
end of 
year, at 
cost 



($1,000) 



33,585 



3,509 
19,094 



42,909 
11,844 
31,065 
62,824 
41,434 
26,603 
14,831 

10,052 



40,993 
16, 192 

6,108 
18,693 
77,969 

8,902 
61,270 

7,797 



7,922 

4,815 
3,107 
13,485 
7,069 
6,416 



6,591 
13,880 

244,164 

174,196 

3,186 

66,782 

110,444 
39, 177 
71,267 
20,219 



7,920 
46,756 
31,439 
9,781 
2,637 
2,899 



21,452 
33,288 
1,996 
1,732 
23,736 
1,289 
4,535 



50,190 

40,695 

3,769 

5,726 

5,009 

113,129 

115,050 

4,685 

15,101 

8,050 

8,007 

16,792 

5,208 

57,207 

22, 6U 

18,600 

4,220 

6,293 

4,067 

4,020 

18,888 



57, 2U 
28,692 



Operating 
expenses 
(including 
payroll) 



Amount 
($1,000) 



38,017 
39,403 



104,306 
37,782 
66,524 

128,409 
66,502 
42,610 
23,892 

24, U3 



40,254 
15,418 

6.486 
18,350 
57,502 

8,682 
34,129 
14,961 



27,228 

10,114 
17,114 
32,051 
19,443 
12,608 



U,235 
16,846 

173,436 

104,266 

8,520 

60,650 



222,066 
26,253 

195,813 
19,591 



13,318 
73,322 
36,712 
19,146 
3,939 
13,525 



16,202 

86,604 
3,544 
7,589 

23,672 
6,581 

45,218 



241, 132 

215,739 ( 

16, 162 

9,231 

6,069 

78,871 

205,803 

7,486 

24, 3U 

8,660 

15,774 

16,923 

10,767 

121,849 

37,566 

30,268 

9,236 

6,351 

4,654 

10,027 

15,548 

60,193 
22,454 



Per- 
cent 



17.3 
7.5 



20.8 
26.4 
18.6 
8.7 
18.8 
19.1 
18.4 

5.8 



10.5 
8.8 

11.9 

11.9 
4.9 

13.9 
3.4 

11.9 



16.0 
9.7 

26.1 
7.6 
8.0 
7.0 



21.8 
12.8 



13.2 
28.0 
7.'7 



8.7 
6.7 
9.1 
9.3 



17.1 
12.5 
10.3 
14.8 
13.2 
19.0 



11.4 
18.0 
11.3 
15.7 
17.5 
13.5 
20.7 



40.0 
33.4 
25.9 
19.9 
14.5 

6.0 
11.4 

5.0 
12.3 
10.9 



13.7 
U.5 
25.5 
11.6 
17.9 
4.2 
21.2 
26.3 
16.6 



9.1 
6.5 



Payroll, 
entile 
year 



($1,000) 



22,106 
10,059 



45,331 
14,183 
31,148 
48,002 
30,649 
19,287 
11,362 

3,934 



22,864 
9,451 
3,248 

10,165 

30,944 
4,330 

17,883 
8,731 



U,511 
5,054 
8,457 
15,829 
10,076 
5,753 



8,256 
9,909 

91,300 
57,900 
4,420 
29,480 



155,011 

11,128 

143,883 

9,986 



8,150 
42,343 
21,926 
10,365 
2,116 
7,936 



7,488 
49,049 

1,945 

2,644 
17,915 

3,950 
.!2,595 



176,777 

160,347 

11,928 

4,402 

2,666 

45,610 

116,123 

4,147 

11,645 

5,125 

9,176 

8,633 

6,678 

70,719 

23,954 

17,724 

5,185 

3,826 

2,429 

6,284 

8,163 



30,136 
10,089 



105,580 



Payroll and paid 

employees, workweek 

ended nearest 

November 15 



Payroll 

(Dollars) 



474,782 
188,311 



840,466 
270,819 
585,647 
908,015 
o07, 650 
401,058 
206,592 

72,727 



441,933 
187,230 

66,464 
188,239 
589,520 

77,921 
352,826 
158,773 



245,479 
80,831 
164,648 
291,682 
188,669 
103,013 



156,504 

191,710 

1,961,947 

1,273,242 

85,499 

603,206 



2,853,664 
230,763 

2,622,901 
198, 562 



148,041 
820,182 
427,075 
203,444 
39,384 
150,279 



145,085 

985,013 
39,698 
51,233 

363,733 
71,155 

459,194 



3,389,356 

3,075,407 

238,872 

75,077 

50,114 

862,745 

2,194,169 

80,240 

215,207 

109, 328 

154,851 

161,552 

129,343 

1,343,648 

449,654 

318,836 

89,950 

71,661 

44,497 

112,728 

164, U2 



583,285 
199,265 



fiaployees 
(Number) 



6,276 
2,102 



12,200 
3,855 
8,345 

10,512 
8,805 
5,970 
2,835 

1,124 



4J66 
1,838 



2,240 
6,556 
902 
3,349 
2,305 



3,285 
1,029 
2,256 
3,940 
2,606 
1,334 



2,340 
2,778 

29,779 

19,544 

979 

9,256 



41,254 
2,851 

38,403 
2,968 



1,609 
12,169 
7,156 
2,658 
465 
1,890 



1,928 

14,000 

462 

692 

6,190 
871 

5,785 



41,600 

37,588 

2,872 

1,140 

587 

13,917 

29,284 

950 

2,903 

1,K6 

1,907 

_2,076 

1,484 

18,818 

8,094 

4,333 

1,044 

736 

770 

1,783 

2,088 



8,729 
2,877 



Active 
proprie- 
tors of 
unincor- 
porated 
busi- 



UNITED STATES SUMMARY 



1-15 



Table IB. 



WHOLESALE TRADE: 1948-UNITED STATES. BY TYPE OF OPERATION AND KIND OF 

BUSINESS-Continucd 
Establishments, Sales. Inventories, Operating Expenses, Payroll, and Personnel 



Type of operation and kind of business 



Estab- 
lish- 
ments 



Sales, 
entire 



(*1,000) 



Inven- 
tories, 
end of 
year, at 

cost 



($1,000) 



Operating 
expenses 
(including 
payroll)^ 



Amount 
($1,000) 



Per- 
cent 

of 
sales 



Fayroll, 
entire 
year 



($i,ooo; 



Payroll and paid 

ejiployees, workweek 

ended nearest 

November 15 



Payroll 
(Dollars) 



Employees 
(Number) 



Active 
proprie- 
tors of 
unincor- 
porated 
busi- 
nesses, 
November 
(Number) 



Type by Kind of Business — Continued 

Manufacturers' sales offices (without stocks), total 

Groceries, confectionery, meats 

Faim products (edible): 

Daily, poultry products < 

Beer, wines, distilled spirits 

Drugs, chemicals, allied products: 

Drugs, drug sundries (specialty lines) 

Industrial chemicals, explosives 

taints, vamisnes 

Tobacco and products (except leaf) , 

Dry goods, apparel: 

Clothing, furnishings, footwear 

Men's, boys' clothing, furnishings , 

Woden's, children's clothing, furnishings , 

Clothing, fumiahings, footwear, n.e.c 

Dry goods, piece goods, notions 

Furniture, heme furnishings: 

Furniture (household, office) 

Hooe furnishings, iloor coverings 

Floor coverings 

Miscellaneous heme furnishings, n.e.c 

Paper and Its products 

Fine paper 

Stationery, office supplies 

Other papyer products 

Automotive equipment, tires and tubes 

Electrical goods: 

Wiring supplies, construction materials, apparatus and equipment, 
Electrical appliances , specialties 

Hardware, plumbing, beating: 

Hardware 

Plumbing, heating equipment, supplies 

Plumbing, heating (general line) 

Heating (inc. stoves, ranges) 

Plumbing fixtures, supplies 

Air conditioning, ventilating equipment 

Lumber, construction materials: 

Lumber, mlllworlc 

Other construction materials 

Brick, tile, terracotta 

Cement, line, plaster 

Glass (building ) 

Roofing, siding, insulation 

Miscellaneous construction matertal 

Machinery, equipment, supplies: 

Conmerclal macnines, equipment 

Office machines, equipment 

Store machinet, fixtures 

Coomerclal machines, equipment, n.e.c 

Construction machinery, equipment 

Farm-dairy machinery, equipment 

Industrial machinery, equipnent, supplies 

Belting, hose, packing 

Machine tools 

Mine^ mill supplies 

Oil well, oil refining supplies 

Miscellaneous industrial machinery, supplies, n.e.u 

Professional equipment, supplies 

Service establishment equipment, supplies 

Transportation (except autcmotive) equipment, supplies 

Metals, metalwork (except scrap): 

Iron, steel and products 

Nonferrous metal, nietalwork 

Other manufacturers' sales offices 

Petroleum bulk stations, terminala , 

Refiner -marketer stations , 

Marketers without refining facilities , 

Marketers of liquefied petroleum gas 

Agents, brokers, total , 

Groceries, confectionery, meats , 

Groceries, foods (exceplas specified) , 

Confectionery ., 

Meats, meat products , 

Farm products (edible ) , 

Dairy, poultry products , 

Fruits, vegetables (fresh) , 

Beer, wine, distilled spirits , 



76 
290 
7A 



309 
111 
132 



555 
101 



67 
366 
68 
55 
93 
150 



366 
73 



374 

270 
32 
72 
49 
17 
1,251 
61 

122 
72 
84 

912 
81 
57 



729 
217 

738 

28,351 

19,035 

8,999 

317 

18,138 

2,568 

2,401 

109 

58 

956 

151 
805 



22,191,053 
1,086,508 



74,549 
959,590 



176,130 
962,886 
131,478 

875,662 



412,972 
174,724 
U3,155 
105,093 

844,291 



51 


19,120 


266 


343,831 


126 


253,599 


140 


90,232 


762 


1,188,193 


24 


58,717 


338 


139,321 


400 


990,155 



924,688 
721,447 



71,054 
464,082 
257,218 
38,699 
49,402 
118,763 



81,899 
989,534 
109,143 
258,868 
164,350 
266,262 
190,911 



83,924 
39,565 
12,188 
32,171 
63,220 
210,828 

1,900,675 
44,012 
77,725 
30,049 
71,896 

1,676,994 
67,882 
22,641 
48,658 



5,491,945 
844,092 

2,845,483 

10,483,060 

7,386,227 

3,010,574 

86,259 

32,839,667 



5,179,537 

4,518,201 

89,961 

571,375 

1,653,467 

368,069 

1,295,398 



702,298 

526,780 

169,354 

6,164 

64,910 

8,804 

8,750 

20 



3,545 

684 

2,861 



895,211 
77,614 

5,957 
53,585 



19,485 
100,388 
15,340 

19,460 



34,332 
15,039 
12,275 
7,018 

37,563 



1,554 
18,892 
9,775 
9,117 

73,164 
2,366 
28,511 
42,287 

22,599 



31,355 
9,372 



5,534 
20,348 
5,874 
4,012 
3,518 
6,944 



5,254 
77,117 

5,421 
32,621 

1,645 
22,664 
13,755 



19,501 

15,206 
1,759 
2,636 
5,063 
8,321 

81,491 
2,842 
6,232 
2,833 
4,032 

65,552 
3,852 
1,350 
3,255 



120,265 
28,793 

84,095 

947,995 
627,874 
302,857 
17,264 

835,806 

102,653 
95,648 
3,293 

3,712 

51,587 

5,557 

45,930 

2,373 



4.4 
7.1 

8.0 
5.6 



11.1 
10.4 
11.7 



8.3 
8.5 
9.2 
6.7 



8.1 
5.5 
3.9 
10.1 

6.2 
4.0 
20.5 



3.4 
1.3 



7.8 
4.4 
2.3 
10.4 
7.1 
5.8 



6.4 
7.8 
5.9 
12.5 
1.0 
8.5 
7.2 



23.4 
38.4 
U.4 
8.2 
8.0 
3.9 
4.3 
5.5 
8.0 
9.4 
5.6 
3.9 
5.7 
6.0 
6.7 



2.2 

3.4 

3.0 

9.0 
8.5 
10.1 
20.0 
2.5 

2.0 
2.1 

3.7 
0.6 

3.1 
1.5 
3.5 



411,745 
27,518 

2,117 
13,432 



9,309 
30,540 
5,712 

4,814 



17,856 
7,920 
5,580 
3,356 

19,447 



907 
9,304 
4,355 
4,938 

43,031 

1,172 

23,402 

18,457 

9,145 



14,958 
5,193 



2,078 
10,971 
3,295 
1,637 
1,912 
4,127 



1,913 
28,049 

1,973 

8,553 

926 

10,809 

5,788 



14,568 

11,494 
1,129 
1,945 
1,605 
3,281 

43,881 
1,508 
3,324 
1,488 
1,912 

35,649 

2,609 

862 

1,710 



40,993 
10,686 

35,257 

345,177 

213,218 

124,530 

7,429 

349,653 

45,188 

42,927 

1,167 

1,094 

24,797 
2,523 
22,274 



7,992,758 
548,909 

45,184 
258,833 



173,844 
632,329 
115,912 

98,775 



317,457 
140,827 
122,472 
54,158 

371,438 



18,045 
174,053 
79,849 
94,214 

818,065 

18,416 

441,205 

358,444 

179,031 



284,718 
114,981 



39,287 
216,815 
64,169 
32,312 
37, 365 
82,969 



32,597 
483,466 

38,241 
153,445 

18,754 
168,485 
104,541 



286,712 

234,780 
17,268 
34,564 
26,971 
61,219 

832,957 
31,576 
52,875 
28,399 
38,823 

671,183 
51,453 
15,675 
31,536 



821,329 
212,018 

719,129 

6,825,115 

4,262,040 

2,416,723 

147,352 

6,751,854 

830,291 
785,562 
22,364 
22,365 

458,360 

5 J, 394 

404,966 



89,785 

7,750 

613 
2,8U 



2,046 
8,681 
1,365 



3,153 

1,274 

1,141 

738 

3,357 



170 
1,922 

796 
1,126 

8,353 

172 

4,545 

J, 536 

2,277 



3,031 
840 



805 
:,156 
668 
271 
380 
837 



326 
6,177 

555 
2,076 

199 
2,121 
1,225 



3,103 
2,629 

143 
331 
268 
737 

8,771 
313 
516 
295 
485 

7,150 
546 
180 
310 



7,836 
2,571 

8,111 

112,264 

57,108 

42,789 

2,357 

101,522 

10,955 

10,422 

298 

235 

7,368 

785 

5,582 



207 
3 



63 
25 
32 



5 
11 



19 

22,533 

16,270 

6,288 

75 

14,626 

2,216 

2,041 

115 

60 

682 
111 
571 



See footnotes at end of table. 



1-16 



WHOLESALE TRADE-SUMMARY STATISTICS 

Table IB. WHOLESALE TRADE: 1948'-UNITED STATES, BY TYPE OF OPERATION AND KIND OF 

BUSINESS-Continued 
Establishments, Sales, Inventories, Operating Expenses, Payroll, and Personnel 



Type of operation and kind of business 



Estab- 
lish- 
ments 



(Number) 



Sales, 
entire 
year 



($1,000) 



Inven- 
tories 
end of 
year 

cost 



Operating 
expenses 
(including 
payroll) 



at 



($1,000) 



Amount 
($1,000) 



Per- 
cent 
of 
sales 



PayroU, 
entire 
year 



($1,000) 



Payroll and paid 

employees, uorlcweek 

ended nearest 

November 15 



Payroll 

(Dollars) 



Employees 
(Number) 



Active 
proprie- 
tor of 
unincor- 
porated 
~busl- 
nesses, 
November 

(Number) 



Type by Kind of Business — Continued 



Agents, brokers — Continued 

Drugs, chemicals, allied products... 

Drugs, drug sundries 

Industrial chemicals, explosives. 
Paints, varnishes 



Dry_goods, apparel * * 

Clothing, furnishings Xgeneral line), 



Men's, boys' clothing, furnishings. 
Women's, children's clothing, furnishings. 

Furs (dressed), fur clothing. 

Millinery, millinery supplies 

Shoes, other footwear 

Dry goods (general line ) 

Hosieiy, underwear 

Piece goods 



Furniture, home furnishings 

Furniture (householdj office) 

Home furnishings, floor coverings. 

Paper and its products 

Stationery, office supplies 

Other paper products 

Farm products (raw material) 

Cotton 

Grain 

Hides, skins, raw fur 

Livestock (except horBee^ mules ) 

Tobacco ( leaf ) ^^. .^^ ^.^^^ 

Wool, mohair 

Mi scellan e ous inedible farm pro duct s 

Automotive 

Automobiles, other motor vehicles 

Automotive equipment, tires and tubes 

Electrical goods -. 

Wiring supplies, apparatus 

Electrical appliances, specialties 

Hardware, plumbing, heating 

Hardware w 

Plumbing, heating equipment, supplies 

Lumber, construction materials 

Lumber, olllwork 

Other construction materials 

Machinery, equipment, supplies 

Commercial machines, equipment 

Construction machinery, equipment 

Farm-dairy machinery, equipment 

Industrial machinery, equipment, supplies 

Professional equipment, supplies 

Service establishment equipment, supplies 

Transportation (except automotive) equipment, supplies. 

Metals, metalwork (except scrap) 

Iron, steel and products 

Nonferrous metals, metalwork 

Waste materials 

Iron, steel scrap 
Other scrap7 



waste materials . 



Other agents, brokers 

Amusements, sporting goods 

Books, periodicals, newspapers : 

Coal, coke 

Farm supplies 

Jewelry 

Petroleum and products 

Agents, brokers, miscellaneous products, n.e . 

Assemblers (mainly farm products), total 



Groceries, confectionery, meats: 

Fish, seafoods 

Other grocery, food specialties 

Dried fruits, nuts 

Miscellaneous grocery specialties. 

Farm products (edible) 

Dairy, poultry products 

Fruits, vegetables (fresh) 

Farm products ( raw materials) 

Cotton 

Grain 

Hides, skins, raw furs .^.^. 

Livestock (except horses, mules) 

Tobacco ( leaf ) 

Wool, mohair 

Miscellaneous Inedible farm products. 

Other assemblers: 

Farm supplies 

Feed 

Seeds 

Miscellaneous fann supplies 

Assemblers, miscellaneous products... 



363 

124 
196 

43 

1,936 

169 

162 

482 

66 

83 

56 

224 

152 

542 

657 
279 
378 
257 
61 
196 

3,266 
229 
293 
159 

1,745 
657 
103 



1,026 
732 
294 

908 
340 
568 

546 
363 
183 

2,531 
242 
66 
49 
1,691 
77 
256 
150 



538 
469 



36 
1,992 
238 
79 
195 
172 
135 
109 
1,064 

16,787 



544 
225 
156 
69 

4,554 
2,522 
2,032 

11,105 

1,061 

8,120 

129 

1,221 

68 

72 

434 

341 
135 
150 



371,553 
84,090 
257, U6 

30,327 

5,166,544 

505,240 

173,527 

656,219 

49,235 

50,850 

35,852 

595,107 

208,166 

2,892,343 

402,969 
161,988 
240,981 

229, 580 
21,682 
207,898 

11,296,536 
752,847 
1,469,564 
331,006 
7,172,610 
998,923 
373,295 
198,291 

442,024 
85,421 
356,603 
633,923 
439,524 
194,399 

420,285 
203,839 
216,446 

462,143 

371,536 

90,607 

1,364,852 

69,012 

30,716 

814,102 

19,674 

232,512 

170,961 

677,101 
506,233 
170,868 

197,530 
161,990 
35,540 

4,280,233 

135,464 

54,951 

675,255 

444,041 

84,090 

364,689 

2,521,743 

9,920,288 

116,566 
188,883 
160,702 
28,181 

2,026,944 

939,581 
1,087,363 
7,435,813 

859,459 

4,129,276 

42,677 

2,058,567 

126,553 
61,717 

157,564 

148,624 
67,826 
59,987 
20,811 
3,458 



1,373 
155 

1,107 
111 

7,909 
298 
454 
442 



33 

280 

452 

5,862 

919 
288 
631 

498 
208 
290 

17,687 
4,978 
2,742 
1,772 
3,491 
1,111 
2,055 
1,538 

745 
230 
515 
1,828 
1,457 
371 

2,135 

456 

1,679 

2,218 

1,729 

489 

7,738 
797 
554 
344 

4,863 
98 
841 
241 

1,014 
842 
172 
524 
453 
71 

7,808 
352 
158 
428 

1,304 

1,679 
171 

3,716 

411,531 

3,844 
20,392 
15,368 

5,024 

65,683 
32,163 
33,520 

311,449 
42,682 
191,384 
2,556 
6,418 
54,767 
3,054 
10,588 



9,872 

2,854 

6,238 

780 

291 



16,418 
5,017_ 

10,184 
1,217 

160,528 

10,474 
7,341 

20,407 
1,659 
2,574 
1,948 

U,023 
9,740 

93,362 

23,603 
10,510 
U,093 

9,375 
1,576 
7,799 

133,399 
6,851 
13,714 
8,824 
61,255 
35,271 
4,743 
2,741 

20,886 
2,104 
18,782 
38,942 
28,010 
10,932 

30,591 
12,709 
17,882 

22,442 
15,789 
6,653 

87,135 
5,771 
2,407 
1,574 

60,611 
1,545 
9,051 
6,176 

22,355 
19,197 
3,158 

6,904 
5,159 

1,745 

106,615 
8,672 
6,416 

19,995 
7,272 
3,385 
7,029 

53,846 

604,810 

27,4^1 
26,480 
21,508 
4,972 

319,203 

66,334 

252,869 

217,294 

24,006 

143,760 

3,619 

26,982 

3,284 

3,557 

12,086 



13,847 

4,963 

6,964 

1,920 

535 



4.4 
6.0 
4.0 
4.0 

3.1 
2.1 
4.2 
3.1 
3.4 
5.1 
5.4 
2.2 
4,7 
3.2 
5.9 
6.5 
5.4 

4.1 
7.3 
3.8 

1.2 
0.9 
0.9 
2.7 
0.9 
3.5 



4.7 
2.5 
5.3 

6.1 
6.4 
5.6 
7.3 
6.2 
8.3 

4.9 
4.2 



7.3 
5.6 
7.4 
7.9 
3.9 
3.6 

3.3 
3.8 
1.8 



2.5 
6.4 
11.7 
3.0 
1.6 
4.0 
1.9 
2.1 

6.1 



23.5 
14.0 
13.4 
17.6 

15.7 
7.1 
23.3 

2.9 
2.8 
3.5 
8.5 
1.3 
2.6 
5.8 
7.7 

9.3 
7.3 

11.6 
9.2 

15.5 



7,265 
2,332 
4,393 

540 

63,194 

5,546 

3,193 

8,409 

642 

957 

509 

4,660 

4,055 

35,223 

9,363 
3,964 
5,399 

3,902 

799 

3,103 

57,948 
2,287 
5,910 
4,438 
28,106 
13,643 
2,280 
1,284 

8,157 
791 

7,376 
13,934 
10,183 

3,751 

12,982 
4,782 
8,200 

7,874 
4,736 
3,088 

38,674 

3,068 

1,460 

814 

26,354 

699 

3,595 

2,684 

8,574 
7,170 

1,404 

3,227 

2,313 

914 

43,851 
3,203 
2,839 
7,679 
3,316 
854 
2,432 

23,528 

286,879 

U,328 
12,333 
9,901 
2,432 

152,605 
31,304 
121,301 

100,688 
8,388 

71,306 
1,930 

10,120 
1,840 
1,296 
5,808 

6,646 

2,388 

3,299 

959 

279 



136,990 

47,885 

79,263 

9,842 

1,149,537 
103,272 
57,532 
16*5 050 
10,876 
18,489 
10,065 
82,198 
72,974 
623,081 

184,211 
78,869 
105,342 

75,273 
16,250 
59,023 

1,333,230 
43,604 
102,541 
71.669 
563,562 
484, 576 
35,450 
26,873 

159,706 
13,636 
146,070 

270,616 
194,773 
75,338 

237,870 
88,137 
149,733 

160,610 
96,713 
63,897 

734,268 
63,193 
25,803 
16,396 

494,728 
13,953 
64,506 
55,684 

158,813 
Ul,594 
27,219 

51,347 
34,143 
17,199 

7%, 856 
61,429 
50,368 

134,725 
55,796 
16,852 
46,209 

431,477 
6,327,178 

403,539 

425, 572 

359,648 

65,924 

3,366,021 

689,861 

2,676,160 

1,995,855 

234,510 

1,352,771 

36,358 

197,765 

27,085 

19,208 

128,138 

129,576 
45,530 
71,100 
12,946 
6,615 



1,620 
642 
837 

141 

12,108 

1,405 
602 

2,253 
183 
249 
111 

1,196 
652 

5,457 

2,218 

896 

1,322 

877 
223 
654 

35,411 

741 

1.454 

894 

19,752 

11,704 

487 

379 

1,823 
252 
1,571 
3,229 
2,303 
926 

2,980 
1,168 
1,312 

1,900 

1,073 

827 

8,546 
956 
319 
176 

5,603 
200 
754 
538 

1,841 
1,577 
264 
557 
348 
209 

9,923 
731 
989 

1,389 
776 
237 
401 

5,400 

151,357 

12,348 
11,286 
9,718 
1,568 

81,764 
17,017 
64,747 

43,U27 

5,072 

28,414 

795 

4,789 

716 

380 

2,361 



2,763 
942 

1,501 
320 
169 



213 

73 

109 

31 

1,562 

129 

115 

470 

62 

90 

49 

172 

117 

358 

542 
230 
312 



126 
3,115 
205 
188 
104 
1,837 
636 
84 
61 

360 
38 
322 

876 
619 
257 

757 
292 
465 

385 
255 

130 

1,893 
192 
36 
29 
1,298 
51 
20'7 
80 

380 
337 
43 
38 
26 
12 

1,393 
204 



111 

114 

59 

773 

7,599 

442 
IK 
82 
32 

2,794 
1,575 
1,219 

4,044 

706 

2,092 

97 

874 

43 

58 

174 



38 



XXX Not applicable. ...Represents zero. ^Data in this table differ from data in the publications of the 1948 Census of Wholesale Trade; they have Been adju.ited to the 
scope of the 1954 Wholesale Census. ^Entries for agents and brokers represent brokerage or commissions received. 



UNITED STATES SUMMARY 



1-17 






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1-18 



WHOLESALE TRADE-SUMMARY STATISTICS 



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UNITED STATES SUMMARY 



1-19 



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u 



H 



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OEISXrsCfcEW SOB- CU.X 



1-20 



WHOLESALE TRADE-SUMMARY STATISTICS 



c 
o 

U 
I 

i/i 

w 
Z 

D 

03 



o 

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Z 

5 



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1 


in 




41 







Q 
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Q 
< 

ai 



< 

W 
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u 






li 



r. 



m H C 
o or u 01 



V p. • c 



s I 






If. 8 



*o o> C^ - t^ M T* 

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00 \0 fv • l> Ol >I 






> r*4 o 



CM CM t> 
C -^ CM 



c«!OcMoo\'£>-jn 



^ <j> CT> <n c 
m -J CM CM p 



sss: 


ssa 


Q <n c- 









n r-t -O CM C^ 






r- c^ c- c- c^ to TV 

lA .H •>! CM lO -* "^ 

n o c^ o t^ rt -* 



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lO O ~t Ci 



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3 


25,803 
16,396 
494,728 
13,958 
64,506 




a SIS 

TO r4"c^ 




61,429 
50,368 
134,725 
55,796 
16,852 
46,209 


>J 


6,327,178 
689,861 
2,676,160 
1,995,855 
129,576 
403,539 
432,187 


624,223 
333,570 
47,335 
243,318 


Hi 


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4^00 

^33 



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TO -O -J O^ CTi \0 
C- iO P- E- cn cn 



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c^ * t-- 



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UNITED STATES SUMMARY 



1-21 



Table ID. WHOLESALE TRADE; 1934-GEOGRAPHIC DIVISIONS, BY TYPE OF OPERATION AND KIND OF 

BUSINESS 
Establishments. Sales. Inventories, Operating Expenses. Payroll, and Personnel 



Geographic division, 
type of operation, and kind of business 



NEW ENGLAND 



Wholesale tnde, cotml. 



Type of Opentioa 



Merchant wholesalers 

M&aufacnircrs' sales branches, sales offices 

Petroleum bulk plants, termioals and LP gas faciUties. 

Merchandise agenis, brokers _ 

Assemblers of farm products - -■ 

Tjrpe bj Kind of Business 

Merchant wholesalers - 

Groceo'. confectionery, meat wholesalers.- 

General-line grocery wholesalers 

Confectionery wholesalers — 

Fish, sea food distributors _ ..- 

Meat, meat products wholesalers- 
Specialty-line grocery wholesalers. _ . . . - - 



Farm products (edible) distributors 

Poultrj', poultry products distributors.. 
Fresh fruit, vegetable wholesalers 



Beer. wine, distilled spirits wholesalere, 
Beer, ale distributors.. 

Wine, distilled spirits wholesalers 



Tobacco distributors.. 



Drugs, chemicals, allied products wholesalers... 

General-line drug wholesalers . 

Si)ecialty-line drug, toiletries wholesalers 

Industrial chemicals, explosives distributors.. 
Paint, varnish wholesalers . 



Dry goods, apparel wholesalers 

Clothing, furnishings, footwear wholesalers. 

General-line dr>- goods wholesalers 

Specialty-line dry goods wholesalers - . 

Piece goods converters 



Furniture, home furnishings wholesalers 

Furniture (household, office) wholesalers 

Home furnishings, floor coverings wholesalers. 



Paper, allied products wholesalers 

Coarse paper and products wholesalers. 

Printing and fine paper distributors 

Stationery, office supphes wholesalers. . . 
Wallpaper wholesalers 



Farm products (raw materials) merchants. 



Automotive wholesalers 

Motor vehicle distributors 

Automotive equipment, tire-tube wholesalers.. 



Electrical, electronics, appliance distributors 

Electrical apparatus, supplies distributors 

Electrical appliance, radio, TV set wholesalers. 
Electronic parts, equipment distributors 



Hardware, plumbing-heating goods wholesalers 

Hardware wholesalers.-- 

Plumbing, heating equipment, supplies distributors. 



Lumber, construction materials distributors.. 

Lumber, millwork wholesalers 

Construction materials distributors 



Machinery, equipment, supplies distributors. - 

Air conditioning, comm. refrigeration equip., distrs. 

Commercial machines, equipment distributors 

Construction machinery, equipment dealers.. 

Farm-garden machinery, equipment wholesalers 

Industrial machinery, equipment distributors 

Industrial materials, supplies distributors-.- .- 

Professional equipment, supplies distributors 

Service establishment supply houses 

Transportation equipment distributors 



Metals, metalwork (except scrap) distributors.. 

Iron, steel and products distributors 

Nonferrous metals distributors 



Scrap, waste materials dealers,. 

Iron, steel scrap dealers 

Waste miaterials dealers 



Other merchant wholesalers 

Amusement, sporting goods distributors 

Book, magazine, newspaper wholesalers 

Coal wholesalers 

Farm supplies wholesalers 

Jewelry wholesalers 

Petroleum products distributors 

Gift, art goods, greeting card wholesalers 

Flower, bulb, pliuit wholesalers 

Miscellaneous products merchant wholesalers 

Standard Not£s: 'D* Withheld to avoid disclosure. 
Represents zero 



Estab- 
lish- 
ments 



1 1 • 006 

663 

It 128 
21« 



1 It 006 

lf610 

179 

125 

3m 

390 
602 

66^ 
124 
5U5 

288 
197 



365 
30 
112 
152 
71 

583 
35U 

10 
200 

19 

304 

175 

475 
257 

7U 
117 

27 



79B 

89 

709 

496 
243 
13P 



558 
137 
421 

583 
26S 
3ie 



180 
1 16 
40 
324 
343 
159 
348 



181 

141 



BO' 
237 
567 

t 164 
185 



197 
121 



Sales 



5i565« 
3»401i 
It 1291 
1 *444i 
146< 



5t565 

li012 

372 



109 
51 1 
186 



»561 
698 
014 
982 
01 1 
726 
965 



250*638 
68*658 
181 t980 

41 8 » 1 34 
173*810 

244*324 



Inventories, 

end of 

year, 

at cost 



Operating expenses 

(inc. payroll)' 



190. 


55S 


77, 


353 


?fti 


95b 


71. 


724 


It 


545 


296 


645 


177 


224 


7 


713 


Bl 


261 


50 


447 


105 


036 


34 


521 


70 


515 


176 


450 


106 


415 


57 


917 


26 


300 


5 


Bid 


384 


835 


202 


362 


35 


246 


167 


1 16 


362 


158 


15a 


844 


172 


815 


34 


499 


267 


720 


76 


824 


190 


896 


312 


.057 


187 


697 


12U 


360 


509 


.721 


?a 


.31 1 


3« 


.09 7 


67 


.137 


15 


.770 


1 19 


.423 


10« 


.049 


37 


.267 


72 


.742 


3U 


.S70 


124 


.022 


90 


.729 


33 


.293 



219.185 

59 . 1 60 

130. 02o 

463.447 
64.575 
58.505 
73.300 
27.793 
43.335 
51.791 
9.299 
a. 513 
.337 



Amount 
(Sl.OQQ) 



Per- 
cent 
of 
sales 



554,690 

126.043 

77.820 

2,971 

6.146 



534,690 

57.013 

30,562 

1 ,462 

5,133 

6,363 

13.603 

4,755 
1.963 
2.792 

32.642 

6.682 

25.960 

12.109 

19.044 
9.355 
2.674 
5,679 
1.336 

38.123 

18,354 

893 

9.126 

9.750 

12.606 
3.998 
3*608 

16.469 

10.091 

3.263 

2.250 

665 

59.227 

30.209 

1 .413 

28.796 

43.369 

19.692 

18*685 

4.792 

45*620 
14*419 
31*201 

26*419 

13*603 

7*816 

59*303 
2*803 
3*909 

12*362 



1* 



no 



11 *096 
12*664 
4*928 
7*336 
2*345 

24*664 

20.497 

4.367 

13*093 
3*614 
14,239 

34.625 

7.910 

2*508 

?*052 

1 *^71 

7*452 

l.fO 

7B7 

411 

11*254 



798*530 

285*691 

100.985 

54.596 

18.184 



798.530 
108.387 
30.609 
3.799 
18.675 
27.559 
27.747 

50.574 

5.492 

25.r82 

50.763 
29*793 
20*970 

16.353 

30.565 
10.896 

4.415 
1 1.357 

3.697 

40.244 

25.371 

939 

1 1.273 

2.654 

20.046 

7.414 

12.632 

32.750 

17.847 

6.306 

6.903 

1.694 

25.120 

49.522 

5.655 

43.867 

53.725 

22.229 

23.847 

7.649 

49.760 
16.312 
33.446 

52.721 
24.479 
28.242 

106.376 
6.404 
7.834 

1 1.863 
2.984 

26.668 

22.620 
9.515 

14.984 
3.504 

24.219 
19.241 
4.978 

39.484 

9.512 

29.972 

68.121 

10.031 

1 1.267 

5.«94 

4.172 

9.561 

6.437 

2.666 

l.d30 

16.1 13 



17.1 
8.8 



8.0 
13.8 



Payroll, 
entire year 



Payroll. 

workweek 

ended nearest 

Nov. 15 



19.1 
21.5 
17.9 

.6 
16.8 



13.3 
22.2 



20.9 
26.3 



24.3 
16.6 



8.0 



15. 



22.1 

12.= 



22.1 



424.153 

147.621 

43.305 

23.337 

8.134 



424.153 
57.244 
17.352 
2.050 
8*759 
14*100 
14*983 

14*217 

2*546 

11 *671 

27*329 
15.111 
12.218 

8.537 

16.709 
6.437 
2.549 
5.373 
1 .350 

20.005 

12.120 

611 

5.668 

1 .606 

9*957 
3*742 
6*215 

18*528 

10*485 

3.379 

3*582 

082 

10*276 

29.373 

2.768 

26.605 

30.012 

12.550 

15.045 

4,417 

28.253 

9.949 

18.304 

27.253 
13.109 
14.144 

57.704 
5.607 
4.158 
6.655 
1 .554 
15.912 
13.087 
5.590 
7. "^08 
1 .672 

12.312 
10.658 
2.154 

19*636 
4.621 

15.115 

36.508 
5.600 
7.052 
2.P"6 
2.427 



(NA) Not available, n.e.c. Not elsewhere classified. 



4.777 
5.224 
1 .592 
1 .028 
e.262 

XXX Not appUcable. 



Paid employees, workweek 
ended nearest- 



March KS 
(NumlKTl 



7*951*102 

2*901 *935 

840*955 

412*940 

165*130 



7*931 .102 
1 *062.491 
320.316 
38.771 
162.798 
240*975 
279*631 

255*947 

47*919 

208*028 

515*126 
271 *192 
243*934 

156.223 

306*441 
115*543 

54*424 
105*557 

31 .617 

41 1 .924 
255*740 

10*975 
110*504 

53*605 

135*024 
69*398 
115*525 

354*368 

184*665 

57.751 

72.559 

19.393 

207.271 

555.049 

49.797 

505.252 

556.557 

238.380 

239.598 

78*579 

513*124 
177*369 
535*755 

519.175 
2"15*943 
283*232 

1. 054.528 
64.104 
78.197 
121.750 
'7.420 
246.402 
256.244 
104.820 
141.872 
31.819 

237.555 

196.438 

39.067 

371 .467 

94.536 

276.831 

586.732 
102.630 
125.254 
60*902 
48*254 
38*778 
59*392 
26.295 
18.178 
156.999 



May l.S 
(NumlKTl 



Auk. ^'> 
(Numherl 



101 .427 

30.062 

9.288 

4.516 

2.853 



101 .427 
14.551 
4.299 
596 
2.412 
3.238 
3.984 

3*978 

738 

3*240 

5*540 
3*284 
2*355 

2*432 

4.035 

1 .591 

571 

1 .238 

436 

4.521 
2.450 

154 
1 .417 

520 

2*275 

856 

1 .420 

4*173 

2*598 

697 

885 

192 

2*805 

7.500 

680 

6*820 

5*767 
3*055 
2*627 
1 .075 

5*323 
2.391 
3.932 

5.508 
2.712 
2.795 

12.797 

725 

1 .262 

1 .296 

345 

2.637 

2.925 

1 .390 

I .822 

347 

2.551 

2.1 15 

438 

5.546 
1 .285 
4,263 

10.040 

1 .257 

2.558 

609 

596 

1 .3°5 

749 
348 
274 

2 . 1 56 



101 ,166 

29.962 

3.950 

4.439 

2.501 



101 .165 
14.987 
4.278 
579 
2.795 
3.244 
4.090 

4.129 

797 

3.332 

5.819 
3.463 
2.355 

2.316 

4.074 
1 .538 

592 
1 .248 

446 

4.554 
2.520 

131 
1 .421 

432 

2.313 

854 
1 .449 

4.156 

2.370 

702 

693 

191 



7.457 

526 

6.629 

6.569 
3.012 
2.506 
1 .059 

6.355 
2.414 
3.941 

5.826 
2.692 
3.135 

12*589 

736 

965 

1 .299 

345 

2.862 

2.923 

1 .331 

1 .620 

356 

2.591 

2.114 

437 

5.518 
1 .332 
4.285 

9.765 

1 .270 

2.529 

593 

571 

1 .315 

747 

343 

290 

2.108 



N.iv. l.'i 
tNumhor) 



proprie- 
tors of 
unincor- 
porated 
i»usi- 
nes.ses. 
Nov. 



103.309 

30.478 

6.954 

4,610 

2*799 



103*309 
15*141 
4,370 
505 
3*255 
3*312 
4*599 

3.980 

819 

3*151 

5*009 
3*648 
2.351 

2*376 

4.094 

1 .598 

696 

1 .247 

453 

4*713 
2*593 

142 
1 *416 

560 

2*305 

852 

1 *453 

4.179 

2.379 

714 

891 

195 



7.554 

631 

6.933 

6.659 
2.944 
2.524 
1 .091 

5.442 
2.420 
4.022 

5.980 
2.729 
3.251 

12.703 

771 

955 

1 .304 

532 

2.914 

2.856 

1 .375 

1 .831 

354 

2.570 

2.111 

459 

5*561 
1*374 
4,287 

9,939 

1 ,345 

2*512 

599 

559 

1 .366 

758 

392 

265 

2.144 



105.895 

50.140 

9.311 

4.673 

2.904 



105.893 
15.390 
4.348 
653 
2.670 
3*485 
4*253 

4*203 

810 

3*593 

5*640 
3*422 
2*418 

2*369 

4*162 

1 l724 

756 

1 *243 

459 

4*895 
2*720 

148 
1 *447 

576 

2*513 
972 

1 *541 

4.252 

2.334 

722 

925 

221 

2.795 

7.665 

621 

7.044 

5.925 
2*975 
2*814 
1 *135 

6*619 
2*437 
4*162 

5*154 
2*725 
3*428 

12*885 

737 

1*C09 

1*337 

355 

2*693 

3*033 

1 1443 

1 1921 

556 

2*572 

2*190 

462 

5*889 
1 *523 

4*355 

10*647 

1 *469 

2*586 

623 

611 

1 1542 

767 

553 

279 

2*217 



5*270 

3 

243 

703 

86 



5*270 
950 
38 
80 
224 
286 
322 



65 
51 

14 



137 

9 

45 



101 
103 
27 
52 



360 

45 

315 



230 
1 10 
120 

696 
46 
91 
17 
18 

115 

135 
72 

188 



604 
185 
419 



(Z) Less than $500 or less than 0.0.5 percent. 



^Entries for merchandise agents and brokers represent brokerage or conmission received. 



1-22 



WHOLESALE TRADE-SUMMARY STATISTICS 



Table ID. WHOLESALE TRADE: 1954-GEOGRAPHIC DIVISIONS, BY TYPE OF OPERATION AND KIND OF 

BUSINESS-Continued 
Establishments, Sales, Inventories. Operating Expenses, Payroll, and Personnel 



Geographic division, 
type of operation, and kind of business 



Estab- 
lish- 
ments 



Sales 



Inventories, 

end of 

year. 

at cost 



Operating expenses 
(inc. payroll ) ' 



Amount 
($1.000) 



Per- 
cent 
of 
sales 



Payroll, 
entire year 



Payroll, 

workweek 

ended nearest 

Nov. 15 



Paid employees, workweek 
ended i 



March 15 
{Number) 



May 15 
( Number) 



Aug. 15 
(Number) 



Nov. 15 
(Number) 



Active 
proprie- 
tors of 
imincor- 
porated 
busi- 
iesses, 
Nov. 
(Number) 



NEW ENGLAND— Continued 
Tfpe by Kind of Bosiaess— Coo. 



Manufacturers' sales branches, sales offices. 

Sales branches (with stocks) 

Sales offices (without stocks) 



Food and kindred products 

Sales branches (with stocks).. 
Sales oflBces (without stocks). 



Textile mill products 

Sales branches (with stocks) . , 
Sales offices (without stocks) . 



Apparel and related products 

Sales branches (with stocks) . . 
Sales offices (ivithout stocks).. 



Furniture and fixtures 

Sales branches (with stocks) . . 
Sales offices (without stocks).. 

Paper and allied products 

Sales branches (with stocks).. 
Sales offices (without stocks).. 

Chemicals and allied products.. 
Sales branches (with stocks).. 
Sales offices (without stocks).. 



Rubber products , 

Sales branches (with stocks).. 
Sales offices (without stocks).. 



Leather and leather products 

Sales branches (with stocks).. 
Sales offices (without stocks).. 



Stone, clay, and glass products.. 
Sales branches (with stocks).. 
Sales offices (without stxicks).. 



Primary metal products 

Sales branches (ivith stocks) . . 
Sales offices (without stocks).. 



Fabricated metal products 

Sales branches (with stocks) . . 
Sales offices (without stocks).. 



Machinery (except electrical) 

Sales branches (with stocks) . . 
Sales offices (without stocks). 



Electrical machinery 

Sales branches (with stocks) . . 
Sales offices (without stocks). 



Transportation equipment 

Sales branches (with stocks).. 
Sales offices (without stocks).. 



Instruments and related products.. 

Sales branches (with stocks) 

Sales offices (without stocks) 



Other manufacturers' products'. 
Sales branches (with stocks). . 
Sales offices (without stocks) . . 



Petroleum bulk plants, (erminals and LP gas facililies. 

Gasoline, distillates, residuals. . 

Bulkplants.. 

Distributing terminals 

Wholesale LP gas facilities 



Merchandise agents, brokers ... 

CJrocery, confectionery, meats. . 

Groceries (combination of food lines) . 

Catmed foods 

Coffee, tea, spices 

Confectionery 

Flour -.- 

Meats, provisions (except canned)... . 

Sugar 

Miscellaneous grocery products . 



Farm products (edible) 

Dairy, poultry products. 
Fruits, vegetables 



Drugs, chemicals, paints 

Drugs, proprietaries, toiletries. 

Chemicals, explosives 

Paints, varnishes, lacquers, enamels. . . 

Standard Notes: (D) Withheld to avoid disclosure. 
. . . Represents zero. 



1 14(13 
9U2 
501 

332 

28U 



32<3 

233 

96 



663 
629 

501 
12S 



151 



3»a01 1 1(29 
1 »901 fOOO 
1 i500t12'J 

766.111 1 
563.397 
203.011 

51 .989 
3H.651 
17.338 

28.309 
16.468 
11.841 

11.713 
(D) 
(D) 

122.705 
36.507 
86.198 

418.835 
160.998 
257.837 

97.733 

B9.183 
8.550 

109.074 
89.542 
19.532 

92.703 
27.353 
65.350 

327.229 

42.061 

285.168 

93.528 
35.133 
58.395 

236.1 19 
167.757 
68.362 

435.798 
243.965 
191.833 

334.774 
(D) 

(d) 

43.098 
24.709 
1 8 . 389 

231 .41 I 
90.480 
140.931 

1.129.040 

1 .118.352 

340.125 

77B.227 

10.68d 



P444.323 

372.864 

48.240 

109.7^7 

23.526 

6.760 

1 .774 

78.376 

M.521 

9 3 . 900 

94.224 
19.717 
74.507 

I 8 . 489 
5.829 
7.524 
5.136 



126.043 
126.043 



14.719 
14.719 



1 .661 
1.661 



1.462 

1.462 



466 
(D) 
(D) 

1.374 
1 .374 



6.940 
6.940 



13.707 
13.707 



13.556 
13.556 



2.408 

2.406 



4.713 
4.713 



3.433 
3.433 



20.902 
20.902 



10.727 
10.727 



1 1 .865 

(d) 

(D) 

1 .649 
1 .649 



16.461 
16.461 



77.820 
77.189 
13.469 
63.720 
631 

2.971 
367 



285.691 

200.666 

85.025 

64.355 
49.902 
14.453 

3.383 

2.989 

394 

3.446 

2.774 

672 

1.840 

(D) 
(D) 

7.377 
2.482 
4.895 

36.794 
17.648 
19.146 

13.434 

12.298 

1.136 

10.026 

9.162 

864 

7.211 
4.529 
2.682 

9.235 

2.408 
6.827 

6.054 

4.341 
1.713 

47.530 

39.139 

8.391 

23.241 
12.660 
10.581 

15.755 
(D) 
(D) 

9.144 
6.672 
2.472 

26.866 
17.302 
9.564 

100.985 

97.504 

37.909 

59.595 

3.4B1 

54.596 

10.686 

1.837 

3.602 

209 

279 



48 
492 



3.861 

421 

3.440 

1.160 
45(, 
434 
276 



10.6 
5.7 



16,8 
5.7 

5.7 
(D) 
(0) 



13.8 
13.3 



20.1 

i3 
,3 



5.2 
5.5 



(D) 

(d) 

21.2 
27,0 
13.4 

n.6 

19,1 
6,8 



147.621 
106.755 
40.866 

31 .247 

25.597 

5.650 

2.154 

1 .870 

284 

1 .278 
910 
368 

1.255 
(D) 
(D) 

4.185 
1 .176 
3.009 

13.179 
6.744 
6.435 

4.534 

3.846 

488 

4.059 

3.669 

390 

4. 196 
2.756 
1 .440 

4.459 
1 .084 
3.375 

3.126 

2.174 

952 

32.100 

27.031 

5.069 

13.477 
7.163 
6.294 

8.106 

(d) 

(d) 

5.796 
4.374 
1 .422 

14.670 
9.599 
5.07) 



16.710 

26.150 

945 

23.837 

4.B89 

1 .148 

1 .714 

69 



218 

35 

1 .598 

1 .943 

!>15 

1 .728 

582 
'19 
197 
166 



.901 .933 
.137.051 
764.882 

586.094 

493.383 

92.711 

42.007 

36.898 

5.109 

22.853 

15.641 
7.212 

22.096 
(D) 
(D) 

89.702 
32.999 
56.703 

253.425 
132.214 
121 .211 

84.685 

75.393 

9.292 

70.342 

62.925 

7.417 

84.668 
59.025 
25.643 

86.504 
21 .026 
65.478 

61 .280 
39.928 
21 .352 

629.502 

543.030 

86.472 

261 .224 
141 .415 
119.809 

161 .226 
(D) 
(D) 

126.749 
83.560 
43.189 

319.576 

228.303 

91 .273 

840.953 
82*4.066 
310. 505 
513.561 
16.887 

412.940 

79.929 

14.374 

30.075 

1 .389 

1.621 

3.448 

575 

28.097 

34.501 

4.640 

P9.861 

10.638 
4. 175 
3.746 
2.717 



30.062 

22.654 

7.408 

7.199 
5.962 
1 .237 

402 

365 

37 

187 
122 



256 
(D) 
(D) 

716 
225 
491 

2 .366 

1 .318 
1 .050 

904 

822 

82 

832 

767 

65 

790 
557 
233 

759 
214 
545 

583 
414 
169 

6.244 
5.175 
1 .069 

2.358 

1 .395 

963 

1 .688 
(D) 

(d) 

1 .355 

1 .044 

31 1 

3.421 

2.447 

974 

9.288 
9.066 
3.878 
5.188 
222 



.516 
912 
154 
349 



29.962 

22.557 

7.405 

7.339 
6.033 
1 .306 

3S8 
331 



187 
125 



238 

(D) 
(D) 

715 
226 
489 

2.366 

1 .305 
1 .061 

885 

804 

81 



749 
65 

763 
535 
228 

757 
222 
535 

582 
414 
168 

6.158 
5.151 
1 .027 

2.383 

1 .408 

975 

1 .732 
(D) 
(D) 

1 .350 

1 .043 

307 

3.305 

2.345 

960 

8.950 
8.731 
3.752 
4.979 
219 

4.489 

891 

157 

356 

15 

20 



447 

43 

404 



110 
45 



30.478 

23.171 

7.307 

7.605 
6.317 
1 .288 

428 
390 



190 

125 

65 

231 
(D) 
(D) 

708 
224 
484 

2,343 
1 .306 
1 .037 

880 

792 

88 

825 

760 

65 

794 
568 
226 

756 
224 
532 

585 
415 
170 

6.186 

5.200 

986 

2.465 

1 .486 

979 

1 .735 
(D) 
(D) 

I .355 

1 .055 

300 

3.392 

2.438 

954 

8.954 
8.714 
3.767 
4.947 
240 

4.610 
958 
158 
371 

15 



21 



121 
52 



30.140 

23.125 

7.015 

7.005 
5.958 
1.047 

490 
452 



187 

125 

62 

225 

(D) 
(D) 

701 
223 

478 

2.357 
1 .306 
1 .051 

891 

799 

92 

812 
749 



812 
586 
226 

757 
222 
535 

588 
417 
171 

6.208 

5.271 

937 

2.400 

1 .444 

956 

1 .798 
(D) 
(D) 

1 .322 

1 .042 
280 

3.587 

2.614 

973 

9.3n 

9.087 

3.945 

5.142 

224 

4.673 

962 

157 

354 

14 

24 

7 

31 

7 

368 



(NA) Not available, n.e.c. Not eLwwhere classified. XXX Not applicable, (Z) Less than $500 or less than 0.05 percent. 



'Includes tobacco manufactures, lumber and products (except furniture), printing and publishing, coiU producta, imd riiiscollaneous manufactures. 

Entries for merclmndlse agenta and broliers represent brolcerage or commi.TSlon received. 



UNITED STATES SUMMARY 



1-23 



Table ID. WHOLESALE TRADE; 19^4-GEOGRAPHlC DIVISIONS, BY TYPE OF OPERATION AND KIND OF 

BUSINESS-Continued 
Establishments. Sales. Inventories. Operating Expenses. Payroll, and Personnel 



Geographic division, 
type of operation, and kind of business 



Estab- 
lish- 
ments 



Inventories. 

end of 

year. 

at ctJst 



Operating expenses 
(inc. payroll)' 



Amount 
Ol.OOOl 



Per- 
cent 
of 
sales 



Payroll, 
entire year 



Payroll, 

workweek 

ended nearest 

Nov. 15 



Paid employees, workweek 
enaed nearest- 



March 15 
(Number) 



May 15 
(Number) 



Aug. 15 
(Num)>er) 



Nov. 15 
(Number) 



Active 
proprie- 
tors of 
unincor- 
porated 
busi- 



Nov. 
(Number) 



NEW ENGLAND — Continued 



Type by Kind of Business — Coo. 

Merchandise ageots, brokers- Coo. 

Apparel (including footwear^ . _ _ 

(Clothing, furnishings (men's, women's) 

Men's, boj's' clothing, furnishings 

Women's, children's clothing, s 
Fiirs (dressed), fur clothing- - . 

Handbag - - 

Milliner}', millinery supplies- _ 

Shoes, other footwear. _. 

Work clothing — 



Dry goods, piece goods-. 

Hosiery. 

Dry gpods 

Piece goods 



Ftimiture, home fumishings- 

Fumiture 

Home furnishing 



Paper, allied pitxlucta 

Paper 

Stationery, office supplies.. 



Farm pnxlucts (raw materials) 

Cotton.. 

Grain 

Hides, aldns, raw ftiis 

Livestock 

Tobacco (leaf).. 

Wool, mohair 

Miscellaneous inedibte farm products - 



AutomotiTe _ — 

Electrical-electronic apparatus, equip., appliances.. 

Electrical apparatus, suppUes 

AppUances, radios, TV sets 

Electronic parts, equipment 



Hardware, plumbing-beating goods. 
Hardware 

Plimibing, beating goods 



Limiber, construction materials 

Lumber, millwork 

Construction materials (except limiber) . 



Machinery, equipment, supplies - - 

Air conditioning, commercial refrigeration equipment. 

Clommercial machines, equipment 

Construction machinery, equipment 

Fann-garden machinery, equipment — 

Industrial machinery, equipment, supplies 

Professional equipment, supplies 

Service establishment equipment, supplies 

Transportation (exc. automotive) equip., supplieB 



Metals, metalwork (except scrap).. 

Iron, steel and products 

Nonferrous metals, metalwork- - 



Other merchandise agents, brokers 

Scrap iron and steel.. — -. 

Amusements, sporting goods, toys.. 

Books, magasines, newspapers 

Coal, coke — 

Farm suppliee 

Jewelry 

Yams — 

Petroleum and prtMlucts 

General merchaiidise 

Miscellaneous products, agents, brokers, n.e.C- 



Assemblers of firm products 

Dairy, poultry products 

Fresh fruits, vegetables 

Farm prtMlucts (raw materials)... 

Farm supplies 

Other farm products assemblers - 



113 
8 
IC 



6t526 

5f364 

16t693 

(D) 

(D) 

13>77l 



82.303 

2.388 

)8.3U5 

61.575 

17.029 
9.193 
7.836 

15.a98 

1 1.813 

3.655 

362.998 

32.382 

52.115 

ao.686 

10.748 

(D) 

P2C.«36 

(D) 

9.640 

84*572 

44.807 

7.564 

32.201 

27.234 
8.870 
18.364 

22.128 
14.752 
7.37b 

1 1 1 .867 

2.139 

3.477 

(D) 

65*663 

(D) 

35.112 

3.671 

30.131 

24.342 

5.789 

151 .095 

4.875 

(B) 

1 .758 

4.99S 

(Dl 

4.674 

40.560 

(D) 

7.119 

73.858 

146.463 
62*029 
26.401 
56*265 
1 .768 



17 

(d) 

282 

Ce) 

14 

200 
141 



598 

5 

47 

(D) 

460 

(D) 

18 

48 



M 

2 

54 

(D) 
4 

(") 

21 

704 

6*146 

933 

2.053 

2*938 

222 



2.391 
236 

466 

1 .084 

(D) 

fD) 



975 
2.063 

1.138 
616 
522 

760 
531 
229 

6.242 
340 
270 

1.334 
322 

!d) 

3.784 
(D) 

622 

5.113 

2.966 

372 

1.775 

2.243 

630 

1.513 

1.240 
483 
757 

8*072 
156 
498 
(D) 

6*167 
(D) 
797 
284 

1*602 

1*341 

261 

5*582 
155 
(D) 
211 
194 

(d) 

307 
653 
(D) 
491 
3*584 

18*184 

8.185 

5.296 

4.482 

219 



5.4 
3.6 
8,7 
6.5 
(D) 
(D) 



1.9 
5.3 



'D) 



(D) 
2.3 
7.7 

5.3 
5.5 
4.5 

4.2 
3.2 
(D) 
12.0 
3.9 
(D) 
6.6 
2.1 

(d) 

6.9 
4.9 

12.4 
13.2 
20.1 
8.0 
12.4 



040 

60 

118 

417 

(d) 
(d) 

... 
211 



354 
877 

405 
193 
212 

214 

161 

53 

2*975 
126 

103 
542 
80 
(D) 
2.044 
(D) 



1 .978 
1 .161 



932 

274 
658 

590 
159 
431 



317 
(D) 

2.813 

(d) 

320 

124 

602 
515 

87 

2.734 
67 

Id) 

86 
132 
(Dl 
145 
246 
(D) 
285 
1 .524 

8*134 
3*993 
2*279 

1 *770 
92 



15.730 

1 .812 

2.109 

8.673 

(D) 

(D) 

2.474 



18.909 

U) 

6.705 

12*044 

7*396 
3*532 
3.864 

3.956 
2*973 

985 

51*817 

2.308 

1.624 

8.135 

1*471 

(D) 

36*406 

(D) 

3.958 

33.998 

17.182 

1 .744 

15*072 

16*907 

5.145 

11 .762 

10.320 
2.882 
7.458 

69.873 

505 

5.289 

(D) 

54.696 

(D) 

5.424 

1 .925 

10.364 
8.722 
1 .662 

44.624 
1.919 

(D) 
1.682 
3*1 14 

(D) 
1*638 
4*419 

(D) 

5.775 

21 .210 

165*180 
82*637 
■■8*290 
"2*677 
1*576 



83 
(D) 
(D) 



547 
29 
12 
80 
44 
(D) 
330 
(D) 



356 
202 



185 

56 

129 

141 

47 



693 

7 

71 

CD) 

492 
(D) 



103 
79 



(D) 
32 
30 

(D) 
23 
44 

(D) 
62 

275 

2.863 

1 «0">8 

988 

764 

23 



83 
(0) 
(D) 



13 

495 
26 
12 
77 
49 
(D) 
317 
(D) 

51 

358 
204 



182 
55 
127 



99 

703 

7 

72 

(0) 

• a. 
501 



(d) 

30 
26 

(d) 

23 

39 

(d) 

66 
270 

2*501 

1.117 

929 

432 

23 



154 
12 
27 
82 

(d) 
(d) 



67 
116 



13 

506 
27 
12 
77 
38 

(d) 

337 

(dJ 

54 

368 
206 



190 

58 

132 



97 

720 
9 

68 

(d) 

520 
(D) 
78 
20 



(D) 



24 
(D) 



(D) 

67 

269 

2.799 

1*117 

789 

872 

21 



166 
15 
27 

iV> 
(D) 



506 
27 
17 
82 

(11 
310 
CD) 



350 
188 
27 
135 

201 
62 
139 

128 

41 
87 

726 

9 
69 
CD) 

525 
CD) 
78 
20 



Cd) 

37 
27 

Co) 

22 

41 
CD) 

68 
275 

2*904 

1 .147 

826 

908 

23 



38 

5 

2 

17 

(D) 

fn) 



11 
1 

2 



10 
11 



20 

15 



12 

37 

(D) 



70 
38 



40 
12 
28 



121 

6 

12 

(0) 



ID) 
9 
3 

28 
21 

7 



Cd, 



Cd) 

3 
12 

Cd) 

7 
41 



"5 

23 

1 



Standard Notes: (D) Withheld to avoid disclosure. (NA) Not available. n.e.c. Not elsewhere classified. 
. . . Represents zero. 

^Entries for merchandise agents and brokers represent brokerage or cotmnlssion received. 



XXX Not appUcable. (Z) Less than $500 or less than 0.05 percent. 



1-24 



WHOLESALE TRADE-SUMMARY STATISTICS 



Table ID. WHOLESALE TRADE: 19'J4-GEOGRAPHIC DIVISIONS, BY TYPE OF OPERATION AND KIND OF 

BUSINESS-Continued 
Establishments, Sales, Inventories, Operating Expenses, Payroll, and Personnel 



Geographic division, 
lype of operation, and kind of business 



EsUb- 
lish- 
ments 



Inventories, 

end of 

year. 

at cost 



Operating expenses 
(inc. payroll)" 



Amount 
($1.000) 



Per- 
cent 

of 
sales 



Payroll, 
entire year 



Payroll, 

workweek 

ended nearest 

Nov. 15 



Paid employees, workweek 
ended nearest- 



March 15 
{Number) 



May 15 
(Number) 



Aug. 15 
(Number) 



Nov. 15 
(Number) 



proprie- 
tors of 
unincor- 
porated 

busi- 
nesses, 

Nov. 
(Number) 



MIDDLE ATLANTIC 



Wholesale trade, total. 



Type of OperatioD 

M ercbaot wholesalers . — 

Manufacturers' sales branches, sales offices _ . 

Petroleum bulk plants, terminals and LP gas facilities. 

Merchandise agents, brokers . 

Assemblers of farm products . . .. 



Type by Kind of Basioess 

Merchant wholesalers. — 

Grocery, confectionery, meat wholesalers. . 

General-line grocery wholesalers . 

Confectionery wholesalers . . 

Fish, sea food distributors. . 

Meat, meat products wholesalers. . . . 
Specialty-line grocery wholesalers . . . . 



Farm products (edible) distributors 

Poultry, poiiltry products distributors.. 
Fresh fruit, vegetable wholesalers 



Beer, wine, distilled spirits wholesalers. 

Beer, ale distributors 

Wine, distilled spirits wholesalers 



Tobacco distributors 

Drugs, chemicals, allied products wholesaleis... 

General-line drug wholesalers 

Specialty-line drug, toiletries wholesalers 

Industrial chemicals, explosives distributors.. 
Paint, varnish wholesalers 



Dry goods, apparel wholesalers 

Clothing, furnishings, footwear wholesalers. 

General-line dry goods wholesalers 

Specialty-line dry goods wholesalers 

Piece goods converters 



Furniture, home furnishings wholesalers.. . . 

Furniture (househoM, office) wholesalers 

Home furliishings, floor coverings wholesalers. 



Paper, allied products wholesalers 

Coarse paper and products wholesalers. 

Printing and fine paper distributors 

Stationery, office supplies wholesalers 

Wallpaper wholesalers 



Farm products (raw materials) merchants. 



Automotive wholesalers 

Motor vehicle distributors. 

Automotive equipment, tire-tube wholesalers.. 



Electrical, electronics, ai)phance distributors 

Electrical apparatus, supplies distributors 

Electrical appliance, radio, TV set wholesalers. 
Electronic parts, equipment distributors 



Hardware, plumbing-heating goods wholesalers 

Hardware wholesalers 

Plumbing, heating equipment, supplies distributors. 



Lumber, construction materials distributors.. 

Lumber, millwork wholesalers 

Construction materials distributors 



Machinery, equipment, supplies distributors 

Air conditioning, cumm. refrigeration equip., distre. 

Commercial machines, equipment distributors 

Construction machinery, equipment dealers 

Farm-garden machinery, equipment wholesalers . . 

Industrial machinery, equipment distributors- 

Industrial materials, supplies distributors-. 

Professional equipment, .supplies distributors--- 

Service establishment supply housf^ 

Transportation equipment distributors 



Metals, metalwork (except scrap) distributors.. 

Iron, steel and pniducla distributors 

Nonferrous metals distributors 



Scrap, waste materials dealers . 
Iron, steel .scrap dealers- 
Waste niatcrials dealers. 

Other merchant wholesalers ... . . 

Amusement, sjioitiiig goods distributors. 

Book, magazine, newspaper wholesalers 

Coal wholesalers . 

Farm siipiilies wholesalers . 

Jewelry wholesalers. 

Petroleum products distributors 

Gift, art goods, greeting card wholesalem 

Flower, ijiilb, plant wholesalers . 

MiscellanetiiiH products merchant wholesalers 

Standard Notes: (D) Withheld to avoid disclosure. 

. . . liepresents zero. 

^Entries for merchandise agents and brokers represent brokerage or coiiDDlaslon received. 



1 966 
1650 
»785 
■ 035 

5tt=> 



161966 

■;i392 

U60 

175 

356 

1.276 

2,B^5 

?illl 

56'l 

li547 

11805 

lfU89 

316 



773 
663 
333 

61 009 

2i318 

2) 

?i931 

739 

1 1948 

622 

) 1326 

1 1863 

911 

358 

518 

76 

740 

'i603 

330 

2i273 

li937 
909 
451 
577 

11880 

674 

li210 

^1029 

fl47 

1 1 1B2 

6i427 
37C 
753 
287 
133 

Ii335 

1il23 
92? 

1 1260 
244 



301475 

221251 

2i966 

12i500 

495 



3U1475 

5|061 

982 

130 

167 

1 1047 

2,733 



1 133 
451 
682 

1430 
469 



1094 
274 



■■1520 

955 

) i665 

6il70 
81? 
503 
257 
3f.C 

1i577 
45'i 
396 
25-' 

li63? 



b46 
229 
616 



550 

140 



759 

lyo 

S78 



<;77 

.^03 



■)57 
360 



21165 

101 

165 

234 

62 

'151 
^55 
'11 
I (.3 

ll537 
622 
S15 

741 
?'^I5 
446 



1054 
T7H 



Il711 



2i632 

513 
174 



2i632 

24 4 



495 
log 



166 
216 



166 

71 



146 
53 



312 



11 



111 



■jll 
1,94 
I "3 
^1,' 
409 



1703 
1628 
272 
405 



• 703 
402 
94 
19 
20 
37 
190 

1 1 1 



495 
152 



197 
136 



155 
67 



154 
107 



123 
51 
72 

424 
62 
53 
20 
25 
7« 
30 
22 
I'i 

116 



12.2 
7.'« 
9.5 
3.2 

8.6 



8.3 
7." 



12.4 
16.1 



12.5 
15.2 
1 1.9 
13.3 
9.7 



23. B 

28.0 



20.9 
23.9 
24. ■■ 
20.'' 
16.4 
18,8 
19,8 
24.6 
21.". 
20.0 



17. ■= 
16.1 

10.5 
16. ■< 
21. o 



23, 
26. 
6." 



2 19931564 



i913 
764 
108 
187 



1 i913 
205 



?45 
14 
21 
25 



358 
133 

064 
837 
979 
735 
518 

985 
824 
161 

730 
590 
loo 

188 

905 
5C2 
239 
351 
613 

537 
478 

982 
199 
878 

1 19 
120 
999 

765 
R84 
326 
387 
168 



9p9 
936 

"53 

362 
167 
630 
'>50 
382 
768 
991 
P21 
731 
122 

951 
038 
913 

'65 
792 

473 

123 

4 36 
939 
640 
"29 
932 
'"79 
"22 
732 
014 



57i03ei0?4 



36.075 

15 
2i135 
3.440 
359 



36.075 

3.912 

958 

195 

192 

815 

1,750 

9fi8 
263 
724 

1 .641 

618 

1.022 



1.688 
406 
580 
520 
180 

4.472 
1 .336 
96 
1i685 
ll354 



i454 
447 
.007 



1 .563 
651 
522 
335 



1.750 

232 

1 .518 

2.245 
1 1O15 



1 .789 

703 
1.0P5 

2.254 

835 

1 .418 

4.647 
276 
417 
461 
102 
930 
968 
677 
607 
206 

1.SP3 



.033 
5"2 
566 
1*7 



291 
211 



.4'5 


406. 


.6?9 


143. 


.686 


22. 


i486 


33. 


.798 


5i 


.425 


406. 


.168 


46. 


.619 


11 . 


.215 


2. 


, 944 


2, 


.093 


8. 


,297 


20, 


1117 


13. 


i950 


3. 


1167 


10. 


1I8O 


16. 


1440 


8. 


i740 


8. 


i319 


61 


1756 


I81 


1271 


5i 


l782 


61 


1851 


4i 


1852 


2i 


i313 


43i 


• 378 


14i 


i356 


1 1 


1134 


18. 


1443 


9. 


.985 


15. 


.207 


4 1 


.778 


11 . 


.779 


17. 


.055 


7. 


.479 


5. 


i5S7 


3. 


i658 




.817 


4. 


.329 


22. 


.134 


2. 


.195 


19. 


.606 


26. 


.207 


12. 


.735 


9. 


1664 


4i 


1646 


20. 


.856 


8. 


.990 


12. 


.613 


22. 


.8'P 


81 


.793 


14i 


1440 


511 


11 15 


2. 


l779 


4. 


i717 


4. 


.339 


1 1 


.234 


9i 


l5»5 


IO1 


.2'11 


81 


.250 


7i 


.190 


2i 


.314 


14. 


.683 


10. 


.631 


4. 


.069 


17. 


.243 


6. 


.e'6 


10. 


1794 


46. 


l583 


6. 


.245 


9. 


.4"1 


1 I 


.17? 


2i 


.757 


81 


.28* 


3i 


.036 


2. 


.436 


2. 


1866 


1 1 . 



.670 
.162 
.758 
.445 
.826 



.670 
.567 
.589 
.731 
,542 
.880 
,825 

.587 
.504 
.083 

.468 
.201 
.287 



.752 
i239 
l584 
l757 
il72 



l094 
.138 
.668 

.910 

.867 

43 

i326 
.702 
.023 
.892 



.194 
.877 
.317 

.033 
.342 
.404 
l287 



.886 
.065 



.550 
i5^B 



i475 
.772 
.9^7 
.476 
l2'5 
i5n6 
l8?9 
i213 
iS'J 
■ 184 



1682 
.579 



.186 
.819 



1816 
19-0 



H.73 
.710 



406.294 

143i584 

22 1 160 

33i213 

5i545 



406 1 294 

461282 

11 1635 

2i710 

2, 564 

6.869 

20,704 

13.950 

3.546 

10.404 

161650 
81420 
81 230 

61 135 

18i796 
5i155 
6 1659 
4i778 
2 1204 

"3il89 
14i472 

1 1039 
IBilOl 

9i577 

15i809 

4i799 

11 lOlO 

1 7 1 1 06 
7i577 
4 1936 
31886 
709 

4i352 

22i285 
2i884 
191401 

25i957 
12i14E 

9i456 
4i3'=3 

20.991 

c i99u 

1 1 1997 

'3.519 

Pi757 
14.762 

=1 18I2 
2i959 
5i0O9 
4,6'''5 
1 .220 
0,465 

10.697 
8i234 
7.405 
2i218 

15 1064 

10,921 

4i143 

17i747 
7.084 
10.663 

46.648 
6.732 

ei7«o 

1 i782 
2it?1 
7i9«p 
3iul3 
->,4*4 
31I6I 
1".975 



374 
699 
475 

763 
197 
249 
317 

071 
949 
1?2 

975 
t'42 
933 

415 
960 
986 
614 
223 
430 
579 
166 
276 
179 

890 
704 
1'6 

007 
143 
864 

945 
946 
5?9 
819 
b«4 
189 
993 
393 
325 
697 



422.680 

143.560 

731377 

331674 

5.857 



422.660 

48.462 

1 1 .698 

2l943 

2,648 

9.562 

21,61 1 

1 4 1 370 

3 1836 

101534 

17.280 
8.695 
8.565 

61341 

19.774 
5.174 
7.476 
4.874 
2.250 

45i437 
15.801 

1 1031 
18.666 

9.739 

16.739 

5.050 

1 1.689 

17,671 
7.618 
5.080 
4ivBf 



(NA) Not available. n,e.c. Not elsewhere classified. XXX Not applicable. (Z) Lam than $500 or less than 0.05 iHTcent. 



e85 



2i909 
19i734 

''61348 

12.179 

9i4'-3 

4i76o 

21 1' 10 

9lC5C 

121552 

••51J60 
9.^17 
16.153 

521139 
2l63t 
5iL53 
4io44 
11212 
9.553 

10.^31 
8i427 
71455 
2.126 

151075 
IO19OB 
4.167 

161-.61 

7.^14 

1 1 .(,"7 

50.C12 
7.391 
8.593 
1 1919 
2.950 
eid"^8 
3.1 19 
3.137 
2.180 

llti65 



29.551 

35 

850 

4.174 

323 



29i551 

3i989 

292 

417 

273 

1 1I66 

iia"l 

2ll46 

473 

1 1673 

1 1438 

1 i393 

45 



690 

1 

333 

164 
172 

3i477 

1 i460 

9 

1 i743 

2"5 



1174 
3E7 
7«7 



1 i063 
592 
153 
290 



1 i674 

li'O 

1 .4L-4 

906 
469 
176 
2«1 

9»5 
404 
562 

612 
317 

4'; 6 

3.5 7 

211 

51C 

:'6 

58 

6:-l 
5no 
571 
632 



3"e 
270 



1671 
794 
1677 



3i647 
533 
259 



1il'l5 
2'3 



UNITED STATES SUMMARY 



1-25 



Table ID WHOLESALE TRADE; 19^4-GEOGRAPHIC DIVISIONS, BY TYPE OF OPERATION AND KIND OF 

BUSINESS-Continued 
Establishments, Sales, Inventories, Operating Expenses. Payroll, and Personnel 



Geographic division, 
type of operation, and kind of business 



MIDDLE ATLANTIC — Contmu 

Type by Kind of Bosioess — Con. 

Muiu&ctufers' sales brvicbes, sales offices 

Sales branches (with stocks) 

Sales offices (without stocks) 



Food and kindred products 

Sales branches (with stocks).. 
Sales offices (without stocks).. 



Textile mill products 

Sales branches (with stocks).. 
Sales offices (without stocks). 



Apparel and related products . . . 
Sales branches (with stocks).. 
Sales offices (without stocks).. 



Furniture and fixtures 

Sales branches (with stocks)-. 
Sales offices (without stocks). 



Paper and allied products 

Sales branches (with stocks) _ . 
Sales offices (without stocks) . 

Chemicals and allied products.. 
Sales branches (with stocks).. 
Sales offices (without stocks). 



Rubber products 

Sales branches (with stocks}.. 
Sales offices (without stocks).. 

Leather and leather products 

Sales branches (with stocks).. 
Sales offices (without stocks).. 



Stone, clay, and glass products.. 
Sales branches (with stocks) . . 
Sales offices (without stocks].. 



Primarj' metal products 

Sales branches (with slocks).. 
Sales offices (without stocks).. 



Fabricated metal products 

Sales branches (with stocks).. 
Sales offices (without stocks).. 

Machinery (except electrical) 

Sales branches (with stocks) . . 
Sales offices (without stocks). 



Electrical machinery _ . 

Sales branches (with stocks) _ . 
Sales offices (without stocks) . 



Transportation equipment 

Sales branches (with stocks),. 
Sales offices (without stocks). 



Instruments and related products.. 

Sales branches (with stocks) 

Sales offices (without stocks) 



Other manufacturere' products*. 
Sales branches (with stocks) . . . 
Sales o&ces (without stocks).. 



Petrolenm bulk pUnu, terminals and LP gas facilities-. 

Gaaolme. distillates, residuals 

Bulk plants 

Distributing terminals 

Wholesale LP gas facilities. 



Merchandise agents, brokers. 

Grocery, confectionery, meats 

Groceries (combination of food fines) . 

Canned foods 

Coffee, tea, spices 

Confectionery 

Flour 

Meats, provisions (except canned) 

Sugar ..- 

Miscellaneous grocery products 



Farm products (edible) 

Dairj'. poultry producta. . 
Fruits, vegetables 



Drugs, chemicals, paints 

Drugs, proprietaries, toiletries . . 

Chemicals, explosives. _ 

Paints, varnishes, lacquers, enamels.. 



Estah- 
lish- 
nienf.-^ 



■^.753 

828 
210 



)2^ 



39 'I 
225 
169 



225 
113 
1(17 



322 
177 



Sales 



22»?51i989 
1 1 f r>^3«383 
lUt'>6«i606 

3t717i315 

l,m3ti;5'^- 

1 t 160i29P 
y77ttJ75 
6H2it25 

'.i62t5B6 

I52t727 
"■■wy»h59 

HtltUI 7 

5i»3ai 

33*036 

e22*007 

1 1)6 » 265 
715*742 

3t502»712 

1 1 965* 805 
li536»907 

3I7»351 
277t329 

'40 1 02 3 

a8t653 
(D) 
(D) 

7 10t920 
155t451 
557t«75 

3»709t997 

8 mt29o 
2i895»701 

8 45* CU6 
i 17.533 
727t513 

1»U2U»187 

-.15.3)4 

1 ».i3Ui75'3 

1 in32t559 

'(.12 1 199 

1 t997t37'. 

(d) 
(d) 

'a9f 56i 
■■-•,1 .134 



U3«- I »66i»79-> 
215 ltC50f696 
221 ( Iftt 1C5 



1 .71': 

1 .37: 

3U1 



Inventories. 

end of 

yejir. 

at cost 



Operating expenses 
(inc. payroll)' 



26-1 



-■I 



^^' 66 


»Bd 


.£,9a« 


'5/ 


1 t 1 I s 


279 


1 .»i'i 


o73 


2i 


= 25 


^f ' tu 


IZj 


dtT^t- 


l-i. 



■ ^t'9i 

i'-:W27B 

147, m5 
-^ati6t 

l',u.22a 
427f<^3/ 

: J4»r 33 
■Si,ft3u 

i •59,7r»o 
IK, 61', 



5131101 
513.161 



=,11 ,30U 



29,^19 
29,919 



1 2 1 1 =2 
12,152 



2,775 
2,775 



23,356 
23,356 



,401 
(D) 
(D) 

,■416 
,al6 



3U,£39 
311,839 



11,314 
1 1 ,314 



63i2n3 
63,283 



5n,796 
50,795 



»2,439 
(D) 
(D) 

16,S34 

16,934 



59,155 
59.155 



171', 904 
17i',05O 



Amount 

l$l,OOQ) 



1,628,865 

1,11 1,137 

517, r2t 

326,304 

231,^26 

9b,r7t 

69,262 
3n,M71 
58i'91 

4 1 , 6 k; 
19,609 



9.224 
6.625 

51.792 

7.305 

44.487 

299.4 18 

207.585 

91.833 

32.e36 

29.379 

3.457 

6.765 
(D) 
(D) 

49.728 
28.730 
20,998 

68,803 
15,010 
53,793 

37.H61 
17.575 
20.286 

218.057 

172.660 

45.397 

126.173 

102.068 

24.105 



2<oai 

856 



Per- 
cent 
of 
sales 



13.9 

(rO 

(D) 



15.4 
19.1 



Payroll, 
entire year 



Payroll. 

workweek 

ended neai'est 

Nov. IS 



89.023 


4,5 


(d) 


(d) 


(d) 


(d) 


42.949 


12.3 


36.552 


14. o 


6.397 


7.2 


152.235 


9.1 


1 15.458 


11.1 


35.777 


5.P 


272. C91 


9.2 


26D.21 1 


9.1 


123.765 


1 1.1 


144.446 


7.9 


3.e8C 


17.2 


405.224 


3.2 


43.1'5L 


1.* 


4.775 


2.9 


10.046 


2.9 


5.386 


,-7 


l.i'9d 


U.l 


733 


1.7 


2.050 


1.1 


6.023 


.0 


12.939 


2.9 


19.164 


3.2 


3,423 


2.1 


15.741 


3.7 


9.188 


3.9 


3,104 


5,' 


5.376 


3.4 


70U 


3.? 



764 .937 
526. ■•16 
23". 621 

143.295 

105. "to 

37.335 

38.971 

ip.'^es 

20.385 

23.159 
10.=96 
12. =63 

7. '19 
5.5U0 
2.079 



97.550 
60.642 
36.918 

15.025 

13.290 

1 .735 

3.021 
(D) 
tD) 

26.887 
15.473 
1 1 .414 

31 .848 

7.675 

24,172 

20.353 
9,323 
11 ,030 

137,261 

111 .415 

25.X45 

64.365 
50.359 
1 4.006 

51 .493 
(D) 
(D) 

27.057 

23.477 

3. =80 

57.955 
39.228 
18.728 

10».''22 

106.998 

48.862 

58.136 

1 .724 

187.423 

1 9.799 

2. '95 

4. '52 

2.048 

503 

218 

1 .073 

3,3"3 

5.667 

9.383 
1 .707 
7,675 

4,274 

1 ,41; 4 

2, '140 

390 



15.025,6'' = 
10,3''e.949 
4.647.6'^.. 

2.762.274 

2.032.5'>7 

7'9,587 

7-'5,227 
374.007 
361,250 

481 .2'1 
234. B37 
2l'6.391; 

li'7.187 

l''5.3 = =' 

4 1,8'B 

3'»4,283 

02.094 

302.189 

2.014.574 

1,233,414 

781 .160 

301.015 

267,551 

33,464 

57.078 
(D) 
(D) 

516.152 
305.402 
210.750 

534.883 
149.41 1 
465.472 

403.589 
172,760 
230,929 

2,735,036 

2.253.655 

481 .383 

1 .231 .613 
981.556 
250.062 

929.266 
fD) 

(d) 

521 .704 

455.115 

65.588 

1,171,418 
809,924 
361 ,494 

2,135.685 

2.104.238 

952.842 

1.151.395 

31 .448 

3.440.486 
350.443 
4 3. 617 
84.504 
35.977 
10.3'2 
4.051 
19.3'3 
57.894 
94.765 

173.476 
33.58= 
1 ■'9,888 

■■9,061 

30,94" 

"9,847 

8,26-, 



Paid employees, workweek 
ended nearest - 



March LS 
(NumlKTl 



143.162 
102.501 
4r .471 

29.598 

21 .5'9 

7 . 9'"^9 

5.675 
2.985 
2 . 590 



1 .432 

1 .035 

397 

3.562 

521 

2.941 

17.740 
11 .595 



2.936 

2.516 

320 

61 1 
(D) 
(D) 

5.0'«3 
3.301 
1 .732 

4.912 
1 .2 = 2 
3.660 

3,583 
1 ,894 
1 .509 

25.138 

21 .558 

4.580 



May l.'i 
(NumliiTl 



9.9=9 
(D) 
(D) 

5,596 

4.9=3 

543 

11 .000 
7.7?4 
3.246 

22.7=8 
22.369 
1 1 .268 
11 .101 
369 

33.445 
3.396 
373 
901 
279 
1 15 
= 1 
lf4 
551 
972 



7';o 
3-6 
3r,4 



■«0.129 

n it22 

= .307 

5,6 = 
2l'y77 
2.673 

3.947 
2.205 
1 .742 

1 .407 

1 .030 

377 

3.550 

619 

2.931 

17,814 

1 1 .905 

5.909 

2,889 
2.575 

314 

599 

(0) 
(D) 

5.050 
3.325 

1 .724 

5.001 
1 ,297 
3,704 



2.095 
1 .715 

26.014 

21 .434 

4.580 



11 .307 11 .197 
9.330 9. 205 
1.977 1.991 



9.987 
(D) 
(D) 

5.632 

5.002 

530 

10.908 
7.582 
3.225 

22.160 
21 .770 
10.764 
11 .006 
390 

33.213 

3.423 
375 
895 
278 

loe 

"9 
161 
561 
995 

1 .957 

347 

1 .610 

717 
266 
371 



Aun. IS 
(Numli'Tl 



144.379 
1-^4. 322 
"0.0=7 

30.441 

22.485 

7.955 

5,597 
2,958 
2,739 

4,164 
2,363 
1 ,801 

1 ,340 

1 ,024 

316 

3,502 

594 

2,908 

I 7 . 999 
12.021 

5.976 

2.907 

2.586 

321 

533 

(D) 
(D) 

5.052 
3.308 
1 .744 

5.027 
1 .283 
3.744 

3.873 
2.140 
1 .733 

25.692 

21 .432 

4.260 

II .377 
9.356 
2.021 

9.849 
(D) 
(D) 

5.758 

5.122 

635 

11.118 
7.842 
3.276 

22.450 
22.058 
10.896 
11 .162 
392 

33,065 
3,467 
421 
892 
284 
110 
49 
164 
553 
994 

1 ,993 

369 

1 ,624 

715 
263 

371 



Active 
proprie- 
toi^s of 
unincor- 
porated 
l)usi- 
nes.ses. 
Nov. 
(NutnliL-rl 



"3,560 

■13,454 
'10,106 

2°,!,"^ 
21 ,784 



2,929 
2,7^7 

4,302 
2,39! 

1 1904 

1 .401 
1,050 



3.650 

744 

2f906 

18,092 

12.056 

6.C36 

2l919 

2,597 

322 

600 

(D) 
(D) 

4.580 
2.853 
1 .727 

5.091 
1 .324 
3.767 

3.746 
2.014 
1 .734 

25,763 

21 .602 

4,181 

1 1 .3"2 
9.31h 
2.024 

10.002 
(D) 

(d) 

5.649 
5. 041 



11.117 
7.759 
3,358 

23,377 
'2,'<73 

1 1 ,496 

1 1 ,^75 

404 

33.674 

3.544 

450 

912 

317 

1 17 

50 

161 

536 

ll>-01 

1 1977 

1 ,^^8- 

77 S 
i2i, 
.74 



(D) 
(D) 



(d) 
(d) 



8=0 
842 
8'-7 



37 

75 
37 
12 
■■9 



]"2 

'2 

UO 

'1 
'1 

"5 

5 



Standard Notes: (D I Withheld to avoid dLsclosurc. I NA I Not available, n.e.c. Not elsewhere classified. XXX Not applicable. (Z I Less than $.500 or lew than 0.11.'') percent. 

. . . Represents zero. 

•Includes tobacco manufaclutKi, lumber and products (except furniture), printing and publishing, coal products, and miscellaneous manufactures. 

"Entries for merchandise agents and brokers represent brokerage or connniasion received. 



1-26 



WHOLESALE TRADE-SUMMARY STATISTICS 



Table ID. WHOLESALE TRADE: 1954-GEOGRAPHIC DIVISIONS, BY TYPE OF OPERATION AND KIND OF 

BUSINESS-Continued 
Establishments, Sales, Inventories, Operating Expenses. Payroll, and Personnel 



Geographic division, 
type of operation, and kind of business 



MIDDLE ATLANTIC — Continued 



Type by Kind of Business— CoQ. 

Merchandise agents, brokers— Coo. 

Appare) (including footwear) - - - 

(Slothing, furnishings {men's, women's) 

Men's, boys' clothing, furnishings 

Women's, children's clothing, accessories — 

Furs (dressed), fui- clothing 

Handbags - — 

Millinery, millinery supplies 

Shoes, other footwear 

Work clothing - 



Dry goods, piece goods 

Hosiery 

Dry goods. . 

Piece goods.-. - - - 

Furniture, home furnishings. 

Furniture 

Home furnishings 



Paper, allied products 

Paper . . 

Stationery, office supplies.. 



Farm products (raw materials) 

Ckjlton 

Grain ■ 

Hides, skins, raw fiuB 

Livestock ■-- 

Tobacco (leaf) _ 

Wool, mohair 

Miscellaneous inedible farm products. 



Automotive 

EIectrical.electronic apparatus, equip., appliances.. 

Electrical apparatus, supplies — 

Appliances, radios, TV sets 

Electronic parts, equipment. 



Hardware, pltimbing.heating goods. 

Hardware 

Plumbing, heating goods - . 



Lumber, construction materials 

Lumber, millwork .- 

Construction materials (except lumber). 



Machinery, equipment, supplies -- 

Air conditioning, commercial refrigeration equipment. 

Commercial machines, equipment 

Construction machinery, equipment 

Farm -garden machinery, equipment 

Industrial machinery, equipment, BUpplieS- 

Profcaaional equipment, supplies. . - 

Service establishinent equipment, suppliee — - 

Transportation (exc. automotive) equip., supplies 



Metals, metalwork (except scrap). 

Iron, steel and products 

Nonferrous metals, metalwork- - 



Other merchandise agents, brokers 

Scrap iK»n and steel ... 

Amusements, sporting goods, toys. 

Books, magazines, newspapers . . . 

Coal, coke. . . — 

Farm suppUes - . — . . 

Jewelry 

Yams . . . 

Petrolcimi and products 

General merchandise.. 

Miscellaneous products, agents, broken, n.e.e.. 



Asacmblers of farm products 

Dairy, poultry products 

Fresh fruita, vegetables 

Farm products (raw materials).. 

Fami HuppUes 

Other farm products assemblers. 



Estab- 
Ush. 
ments 



688 
12U 
97 
312 



U99 
80 



299 
120 
178 



270 
17 
26 



393 

205 

38 

150 

2m 

73 
168 

170 
80 



58 

17 

19P 
1«7 
51 

1<0U0 
16 
12» 
26 
6n 
25 
55 



20R 

ao5 

5<19 
217 
181 
131 
20 



Sales 



ni.oooi 



ll632.21o 

500*879 

192t887 

765*826 

52«U24 

13i081 

56t878 

4Utei 1 

5»U60 

2t606t910 
194t830 
328*012 

2tn8i4*068 

225.995 
85.305 
140.69O 

163.165 
139.51 1 
23.654 

592.003 
57.779 
132.802 
122.210 
193.647 
11.717 
52.872 
20.97o 

107. 27o 

400.357 

164.378 

31 .952 

204.02? 

133.205 
44.297 
88.906 

147.622 
94.412 
53.210 

''02.97U 
43.351 
23.424 
18.650 
10.165 

572.763 

8.924 

37.588 

88. 105 

340.719 
134.907 
P05.B12 

1.924.640 

21.61 I 

118.219 

47.976 

102.790 

55.473 

31.301 

1 35.726 

'67.510 

593.930 

650.090 

495.983 

?84. 167 

I 17.819 

59. 347 

34.651 



Inventories, 

end of 

year, 

at cost 



Operating expeases 
(inc. payroll)^ 



1 .449 
163 
78 
996 
89 
23 



5.063 
231 
850 

3.983 

405 
124 
281 

139 
95 

44 

5.526 
2.630 

90 

1 .252 

369 

46 



ri29 
12 



1,629 
426 



750 
130 
620 

458 
139 
319 

2,018 

127 

200 

318 

44 

1.728 

31 

151 



0.555 

7.995 

560 



258 

92 

468 

20 

261 

123 

6? 

4.046 

1 .252 

16.471 
2.677 
4.389 

4 . 2 1 o 
5.195 



Amount 
($1,000) 



52.92B 

12. "^26 

7.607 

23.651 

2.427 

69b 

3.552 

2.287 

180 

83.207 

8.r96 

10.027 

65.084 

16.190 
6.072 
10.118 

7.147 
5.087 
2.060 

13.291 

703 

1.P73 

4.588 

4.858 

429 

1.179 

461 

5.558 

23.990 

11.143 

1.722 

1 1.125 

10.168 

3.r25 

7.143 

6.295 
3.942 
4.353 

39.239 

2.037 
1.917 
1.047 

519 
27.861 

762 
2.585 
2.711 

10.176 
6.451 
3.725 

63.233 

707 
7.681 
4.398 
3.701 
1.211 
1.601 
3.350 
5.636 
15.462 
19.486 

42.702 

21.313 

13.320 

6.232 

1.837 



Per. 
cent 
of 



5.1 
3.3 

3.2 
4.2 
3.1 
3.1 

7.2 
7.1 

7.2 



5.2 

6.0 
6.8 
5.4 
5.5 

7.6 



Payroll, 
entire year 



Pavroll. 

workweek 

ended nearest 

Nov. 16 



25.665 

7.759 

3.407 

10.»97 

1 .045 

339 

1 .517 

842 

59 

41 .279 
4.173 
5.505 

31 .601 

6.100 
2.055 
4.045 

3.198 

2.218 

980 

6.685 
596 
"83 
2.279 
2.458 
246 
S99 
?24 

2.425 

9.572 

4.577 

■540 

4.155 

4.524 
1 .241 
5.083 

4.662 
2.269 
2.593 

17.544 

831 

1 .016 

■^89 

185 

12.270 

519 

1 .104 

1 .030 

5.1C4 
2.722 
2.582 

27.9r9 

546 

2.863 

2.O01 

2.092 

621 

599 

1 .419 

1 .849 

8.021 

e»098 

19.144 

9.-*43 

5.798 

2.635 

968 



March 15 
iNumtwT) 



479 
150 



119 

5 



189 
86 



11 

3 

227 



147 
1"3 

3=^9 
186 
107 
48 



618 

457 
693 
9'1 
122 

154 
198 
006 
037 

897 
511 
514 
872 

436 
105 
331 

544 
187 
357 

265 
293 
5^8 
497 
586 
180 
976 
215 



113 
533 
947 
633 

430 
984 
446 

195 
151 

064 

422 
525 
716 
000 
855 
525 
403 
646 
772 

980 
383 
597 

143 
371 
269 
506 
117 
154 
5»5 
488 
760 
438 
475 

799 
204 

599 

644 



Paid employees, workweek 
ended nearest— 



May 15 

(Numtterl 



5.020 
1 .604 

460 
2.130 

370 
67 

2'i3 

127 



5.756 
512 
847 

4.397 

1 .028 
331 
697 



520 
341 
179 



405 

1 .635 

28 



486 

1 .468 
732 
105 
631 

365 
224 
641 

865 

458 
407 

2.955 

159 

203 

120 

40 

1 .993 

60 

221 

179 

905 
484 
421 



457 
510 
358 
118 
119 
247 
207 
1 .718 
1 .3'>1 

5.826 
2.750 
1 .743 
1 .095 
2^8 



4.957 
1 .570 

469 
2.144 

322 
64 

252 

127 



5.750 
492 
855 

4.403 

1 .033 
332 

701 

519 
344 
175 

2.363 

62 

99 

366 

1 .645 
27 
90 
74 

481 

1 .492 
746 
106 
640 

846 
226 
620 

844 
456 
308 

2.929 

145 
194 
118 

36 
1 .967 

62 
225 
180 

683 
471 
412 

5.019 

64 

430 

499 

357 

120 

123 

239 

201 

1 .641 

1.345 

5.545 

2.840 

1 .656 

783 

266 



Aug. 15 
(Number) 



4.806 
1.604 

474 
2.087 

197 
63 

250 

122 



5.733 

479 

849 

4.405 

1 .014 
324 
690 

519 
347 
172 

2.334 

59 

91 

371 

1 .624 
26 
92 
71 

466 

1 .502 
741 
114 
647 

843 
234 
609 

649 
432 
397 

3.029 

144 

193 

117 

39 

2.076 

57 

226 

177 

666 
470 
398 

4.925 

60 

426 

497 

355 

115 

122 

236 

201 

1 .556 

1.356 

5.758 

2.753 

1 .902 

804 

299 



Nov. 15 
(Number) 



porated 
busi. 

Nov. 

( Number) 



4.876 

1 .620 

463 

2,143 

185 

67 

250 

121 

9 

5.77U 
499 
666 

4.409 

1.031 
325 
706 

508 
341 
167 

2.448 
62 
107 
372 
1>728 
24 
94 
61 

475 

1 .542 
757 
105 
680 

840 
236 

604 

858 
440 
418 

3.090 

147 

201 

114 

37 

2il23 

62 

226 

178 

872 
486 
384 

5.059 
63 

446 
491 
380 
145 
127 
240 
216 
1.545 
1.406 

5|057 

2.786 

1.965 

873 

<;33 



proprie- 
toni of 



Standard Notes: (D) Withheld to avoid disclosure. (NA) Not available. n.e.c. Not elsewhere classified. XXX Not applicable. (Z) Less than {.VX) or les.s than 0.05 percent. 
. . . Represents zero. 

^Entries for merchandise agents and brokers represent brokerage or coranlsslon received. 



UNITED STATES SUMMARY 



1-27 



Table ID. WHOLESALE TRADE: 1954-GEOGRAPHIC DIVISIONS, BY TYPE OF OPERATION AND KIND OF 

BUSINESS-Continued 
Establishments, Sales, Inventories, Operating Expenses, Payroll, and Personnel 



Geographic division, 
type of operation, and kind of business 



EAST NORTH CENTRAL 



Vfaolesale trade, total - 



Type of Operatioa 



Mefchaat wholesalefs 

MaouficTurers* sales branches, sales offices ... 

Petroleum bulk plarMS, lennioals and LP gas fiactlities.. 

Merchandise agflats, brokers . 

Aasenblers of farm prodoas 

Type bf Kind of Bosioess 

Merchant wfaolesalers. 

Grocer>'. confectionery, me«t wboksalets 

General-line grocerj' wboiesalere.- 

Confectionery wholesalers. _ 

Fish, sea food distributors 

Meat, meat products wholesalers- 

SpeciaJty-line grocerj- wholesalers 



Farm products (edible) distributors 

Poiiltry, poultrj- products distributora.. 
Fresh fruit, vegetable wholesalers 



Beer, wine, distilled spirits wboleaaletS- 

Beer, ale distributors 

Wine, distilled spirits wholeealers 



Tobacco distributors 

Drugs, chemicals, allied products wholesalers... 

General-line drug wholesalers 

Speciiilty-liBe drug, toiletries wholesalers 

Industrial chemicals, explosives distributors.. 
Paint, varnish wholesalers 



Dry goods, apparel wholesalers— 

Clothing, furnishings, footwear wholesalers- 

General-line dr>' goods wholesalers 

Specialty-line dry goods wholesalers 

Piece goods converters 



Furliitiire, home furnishings wfaolesalers 

Fumitirre (household, office) wholesalers 

Home furnishing, floor coverings wfaolesalers. 

Paper, allied products wholesalers 

Coarse paper and products wholesalers 

Printing and fine paper distributors 

Stationery, office supplies wholesalers- 

Wbllpaper wholesalers 



Farm products (raw aiat«rials) merchants 

Automotive wholesalers 

Motor vehicle distributors 

Automotive equipment, tire-tube wholesalers.. 



Electrical, electronics, appliance distributors 

Electrical apparatus, supplies distributors 

Electrical appliance, radio, TV set wholesalers-. 
Electroiiic parts, equipment distributora 



Hardware, plimibing-beating goods wfaolesalers 

Hardware wholesalers 

Plimibing, faeating equipment, supplies distributors. 



Lumber, construction materials distributors.. 

Lumber, millwork wholesalers 

Construction materials distributors 



Machinery, equipment, supplies distributors. 

Air conditioning, comm. refrigeration equip., distrs- 

Commercial machines, equipment distributors 

Construction machinery, eqiiipment dealers 

Farm-garden machinery, equipment wholesalers 

Industrial machinery, equipment distributors 

Industrial materials, supplies distributors - - . 

Professional equipment, supplies distributors.. 

Service establislmient supply houses 

Transportation equipment distributors 



Metals, metalwork (except scrap) distributors.. 

Iron, steel and products distributors. , 

Nonferrous metals distributors 



Scrap, waste materials dealers. 

Iron, steel scrap dealers 

Waste materials dealers 



Other merchant wholesalers 

Amusement, sporting goods distributors 

Book, magazine, newspaper wholesalers 

Coal wholesalers 

Farm supplies wholesalers — 

Jewelry wholesalers 

Petroleum products distributors 

Gift, art goods, greeting card wholesalers 

Flower, biilb, plant wholesalers 

Miscellaneous products merchant wholesaleiv 

Standard Notes: ( D ) Withheld to avoid disclosiire. 
Represents zero. 



Estab- 
lish- 
ments 



31, U6 

5,033 
6,056 
4,i73 
2,6S9 



31,146 
3,720 
493 
373 
180 
884 
1,790 

1,775 

638 

1,L37 

1,742 

1,340 

402 

585 

1,125 

57 

465 

320 

283 

803 
483 

13 
234 

23 

837 
375 
462 

985 
455 
167 
331 
32 



3,052 

353 

2,699 

1,376 
601 
408 
367 

1,152 
375 

777 

2,130 

741 

1,389 

5,397 
381 
625 
264 
228 

1,093 

1,081 
560 

1,052 
113 

792 
683 
109 

2,018 

1,122 

896 

3,045 
464 
390 
207 
429 
330 
357 
156 
181 
531 



19,341,943 
18,031,884 
3,278,874 
8,054,643 
2,347,011 



19,341,943 
3,031,546 
1,327,713 
122,938 
103,894 
569,904 
907,097 

1,066,972 
329,364 
737,608 

l,309j587 
578,378 
731,209 

735,643 

690,313 
244,(>t3 
246,878 
128,740 
70,652 

368,-818 
193,902 

24,991 
131,551 

18,374 

390. 831 
U8,872 
241,959 

652,859 
260, 341 
308,900 
74,155 
9,463 



779,130 
148,842 
630,288 

1,388,718 
658,282 
600,031 
130,405 

835,376 
401,184 
434,192 

1,400,153 
682,602 
717,551 

2,012,819 
89,988 
133,080 
226,292 
112,046 
473,289 
526,585 
166,086 
227,728 
52,725 

782,734 
670,842 
111,892 

760,528 
529,667 
230,861 

1,667,191 
163,033 
159,764 
296,772 
272,436 
119,163 
226,755 
33,388 
50,653 
345,227 



Inventories, 

end of 

year. 

at ctist 



Operating expenses 
(inc. payroll)^ 



2,393,849 



1,645,201 

475,289 

181,448 

13,925 

77,986 



1,645,201 
170,012 
92,366 
6,825 
7,712 
20,879 
42,230 

19,048 
7,087 
U,961 

III7O24 
23,687 
87,337 

30,288 

68j513 
32,941 
18,935 
9,235 
7,402 

41,845 
19,213 

3,376 
16,030 

3,226 

40,611 
10,907 
29,704 

53,581 
22,125 
21,962 
7,562 
1,932 

45,232 

111,230 

6,796 

104,434 

153,146 
74,604 
59,878 
18,664 

130,393 
69,936 

60,457 

95,778 
53,234 
42,544 

237,722 
10,832 
14,996 
39,386 
14,759 
44,054 
59,681 
24,323 
24,478 
5,213 

1A3,306 
132,847 
10,459 

49,845 
37,132 
12,713 



Amotmt 

(tl,0001 



2,778,361 

1,236,749 

317,118 

251,590 

127,629 



2,778,361 
313,358 
107,593 
14,113 
13,862 
64,824 
112,966 

106,045 
29,407 
76,638 

159,525 
105,428 
54,097 

46,574 

108,339 
33,658 
30,893 
24,215 

19,573 

59,510 
31,339 

3,370 
22, 4U 

2,387 

71,575 
30,201 
41,374 

105,871 
42,617 
40,118 
20,092 
3,044 

54,399 

187,366 
24,221 
163, 145 

202,336 
92,791 
81,436 
28,109 

147,841 
71,334 
76,507 

250,312 
79,847 
170,465 

437,055 
23,454 
35,993 
48,972 
18,701 
81,602 

113,592 
47,379 
53,926 
13,436 

157,995 
143,893 
14,102 

131,582 
84,036 
47,546 

238,678 
32,721 
29,047 
24,237 
35,355 
25,832 
21,342 
8,111 
13,066 
43,967 



Per- 
cent 
of 
sales 



14.4 
6.9 
9.7 
3.1 
5.4 



14.4 
10.3 
8.1 
11.5 
13.3 
U.4 
12.5 

9.9 
8.9 
10.4 

12.2 
18.2 
7.4 

6.3 

15.7 
13.8 
12.5 
18.3 
27.7 

16.1 
16.2 
13.5 
17.0 
13.0 

18.3 

20.3 
17.1 

16.2 
16.4 
U.O 
27.1 
32.2 

3.7 

24.0 
16.3 
25.9 

14.6 
14.1 
13.6 
21.6 

17.7 
17.8 
17.6 

17.9 
11.7 
23.3 

21.7 
26.1 
26.1 
21.6 
16.7 
17.2 
21.6 
28.5 
23.7 
25.5 

20.2 
21.4 
12.6 

17.3 
15.9 
20.6 



Payroll, 
entire year 



Pavrrill, 

workweek 

ended nearest 

Nov. 1.1 



2,411,063 



1,508,613 

1,24,402 

113,413 

106,359 

57,771 



1,508,613 
169,172 
62,930 
7,413 
7^381 
34,004 
57, 394 

50,429 
13,372 
37,057 

84,433 
52,462 
32,021 

25,579 

58,677 
20,751 
15,709 
12,287 
9,930 

29,578 
14j958 

2,294 
U,262 

1,064 

37.416 
15,293 
22.123 

61,981 
24,815 
24,557 
11,148 
1,461 

24,656 

107,743 
12,731 
95,012 

114,335 
54,266 
44,570 
15,549 

36,498 
43, 524 
42,974 

131,667 
44,040 
87,627 

240,794 
12,984 
19,585 
26,477 

9,549 
43,112 
66,185 
27,543 
28,192 

7,167 

89,928 
82,238 
7,690 

70,363 
43,642 
26,721 



46,921,392 



29,236,602 
12,323,213 

2,200,256 
1,979,988 
1,181,333 



29,236,002 

3,279,660 

1,210,299 

142,563 

154, 175 

651,920 

1,120,693 

945,788 
272,822 
672,966 

1,541,770 
942,564 
599,206 

494,914 

1,145,295 
332,716 
325,736 
251,137 
185,706 

565,250 
296y030 

37,934 
210,135 

21,101 

713,466 
233,027 
430,439 

1,195,720 

464,634 

459,370 

240,U2 

31,274 

539,742 

2,071,229 

216,030 

1,855,199 

2,244,798 

1,043,315 

899,177 

302,306 

1,622,942 
791,472 
331,470 

2,670,836 

897,719 

1,773,117 

4,646,756 
253,347 
377,303 
487,Cr78 
180,802 
813,466 

1,286,269 
554,954 
558,970 
134,567 

1,7:>3,576 

1,604,084 

149,492 

1,357,502 
348,351 
509,151 



Paid employees, workweek 
ended nearest- 



March 15 
(NumlMT) 



(NA) Not available, n.e.c. 



143,627 238,678 14.3 125,264 2,447, 

17,396 32,721 20.1 17,016 332, 

12,758 29,047 18.2 18,632 318, 

19,072 24,237 8.2 12,851 267, 

33,843 35,355 13.0 16,206 311, 

21,660 25,832 21.7 14,716 280, 

5,291 21,342 9.4 9,517 191, 

4,235 8,111 24.3 3,372 

2,387 13,066 25.8 6,705 

26,485 43,967 14.2 26,249 

Not elsewhere classified. XXX Not applicable. (Z) Less than $500 or less than 0.05 percent 



67, 
121 
556! 



324,240 
119,807 
26, OM 
20,186 
16,694 



324,240 
37,979 
14,053 
1,948 
1,745 
6,710 
13,513 

12,773 
4,201 
8,572 

16,736 
10,654 
6,082 

6,533 

13,447 
4,945 
3,732 
2,569 
2,201 

6,882 

3,450 

487 

2,728 

217 

7,399 
3,007 
4,392 

12,167 
5,037 
4,324 
2,463 
343 

5,826 

25,374 
2,772 
22,602 

23,237 
11,447 
8,389 
3,401 

18,344 
10,214 
8,130 

24,232 

8,139 
16,043 

48,563 
2,463 
3,970 
4,397 
1,841 
8,107 

U,206 
6,631 
6,649 
1,294 

16,248 
14,756 
1,492 

17,934 
10,013 
7,921 

30,561 



May 15 
(Numhcr) 



3,880 
6,146 
2,697 
4,283 
3,257 
2,004 
825 
1,651 
5,818 



326,597 

119,481 

25,372 

20,268 

17,020 



32b,597 

33,329 

14,002 

1,909 

1,364 

6,790 

13,764 

13,212 
4,326 



17,177 
11,132 
6,045 

6,376 

13,672 
4,953 
3,729 
2,-661 
2,329 

6,533 
3,362 

473 
2,475 

223 

7.506 
3,080 
4,426 

12,100 
4,937 
4.239 
2,466 
358 

5,799 

25,426 

2,720 

22,706 

22,820 
11,264 
8,239 
3,317 

18,198 
10,017 
8,181 

26,353 
8,699 
17,654 

48,315 
2,604 
3,999 
4,450 
2,027 
7,993 

13,067 
6,568 
6,323 
1,279 

16,247 
14,763 
1,479 

18,839 
10,489 
8,350 

^y,o95 
3,900 
5,872 
2,570 
4,025 
3,U9 
2,007 
792 
1,667 
5,713 



Aug. 15 
(NumhtT) 



329,670 
120,099 
25,670 
20,366 
16,979 



329,670 
38,936 
14,182 
1,926 
1,677 
6,835 
14,316 

13,018 
4,259 
8,759 

17,909 
11,817 
6,092 



Nov. 15 
(NumtKT) 



337,174 
119,789 
26,573 
20,844 

17,754 



337, 174 
39,637 
14,202 
2,075 
1,795 
7,W2 
14,433 

13,566 
4,648 
8,918 

17,346 
11,071 
6,275 



proprie- 
tors of 
unincor- 
porated 
busi- 
nesses, 
Nov. 
(Number) 



6,437 


6,525 


13,616 


13,869 


4,996 


5,003 


3,791 


3,921 


2,534 


2,566 


2,295 


2,379 


6,554 


7jl27 


31387 


3,555 


496 


492 


2,449 


2,847 


222 


233 


7.410 


7,860 


3,016 


3,137 


4,394 


4.723 


12,049 


12,454 


5,017 


5,039 


4,285 


4,318 


2,412 


2,767 


335 


330 


6,235 


6,196 


25,513 


25,690 


2,766 


2,776 


22,747 


22,914 


22,918 


23,593 


11,190 


11,226 


3,445 


8,896 


3,283 


3,471 


18,345 


18,559 


10,062 


10,061 


8,283 


8,498 


27,557 


27,530 


9,162 


9,115 


18,395 


18,415 


48,285 


48,341 


2,572 


2,491 


4,031 


4,323 


4,373 


4,420 


2,051 


1,846 


8,175 


8,093 


12,891 


12,998 


6,690 


6,606 


6,259 


6,339 


1,243 


1,225 


16,365 


17,231 


14,831 


15,710 


1,534 


1,521 


18,823 


18,930 


10,692 


10,800 


3,131 


8,130 


29,700 


32,720 


3,908 


4,336 


5,771 


5,621 


2,536 


2,669 


3,908 


4,263 


3,0% 


3,369 


2,135 


2,152 


844 


1,109 


1,540 


1,698 


5,962 


7,453 



29,252 



19,956 

22 

4,368 

3,423 

1,473 

19,956 
2,737 
158 
356 
155 
S42 
1,226 

1,944 

672 

1,272 

1,158 

1,017 

Ul 



290 
111 
107 

554 
353 

10 

184 

7 

461 
203 
258 

506 
234 



1,945 

221 

1,724 

598 
262 
126 
210 

595 
211 
384 

943 
309 
634 

2,993 
210 
425 

88 
135 
599 
499 
289 
705 

43 

315 
255 
60 

1,381 
984 
897 

1,890 
316 
227 
83 
253 
249 
220 
104 
126 
312 



^Entries for mercbandise agents and brokers represent brokerage or comoission received. 



1-28 



WHOLESALE TRADE-SUMMARY STATISTICS 



Table ID. WHOLESALE TRADE: 1954-GEOGRAPHIC DIVISIONS. BY TYPE OF OPERATION AND KIND OF 

BUSINESS-Continued 
Establishments, Sales. Inventories. Operating Expenses. Payroll, and Personnel 



Geographic division, 
type of operation, and kind of business 



Estab- 
lish- 
ments 



Inventories, 
end of 

year, 
at cast 



Operating expenses 
(inc. payroll)' 



Amoitnt 
($1,000) 



Per- 
cent 
of 
sales 



Payroll, 
entire year 



Payroll, 

workweek 

ended nearest 

Nov. 1,5 



Paid employees, workweek 
ended nearest- 



March 15 

(Number) 



May 15 
(Number) 



Aug- 15 
(Number) 



N(.v 15 
(Number) 



Active 
proprie- 

toiii of 
unincor- 
porateil 
busi- 
nesses, 
Nov. 
lNumt)er) 



EAST NORTH CENTRAL — Continued 



Type hy Kind of Busioess— Cod. 



Maoufacmrers' sales branches, sales offices. 

Sales branches (with stocks) 

Sales offices (ivithout stocks) 



Food and kindred products 

Sales branches (with stocks).. 
Sales offices (without stocks). 



Textile mill products 

Sales branches (with stocks) . . 
Sales offices (without stocks). 



Apparel and related product-s 

Sales branches (with stocks). . 
Sales offices (without stocks) . 



Fumitiire and fixtures 

Sales branches (with stocks) . . 
Sales offices (without stocks). 



Paper and allied products. 

Sales branches (with stocks).. 
Sales offices (without stocks). 

Chemicals and alhed products... 
Sales branches (with stocks) . . 
Sales ofiBces (without stocks).. 



Rubber products 

Sales branches (with stocks) . . 
Sales offices (without stocks) . 



Leather and leather products 

Sales branches (with stocks).. 
Sales offices (without stocks).. 



Stone, clay, and glass products 

Sales branches (with stocks) 

Sales offices (without stocks)... 



Primary metal products 

Sales branches (with stocks) 

Sales offices (ivithout stocks) 



Fabricated metal products 

Sales branches (with stocks) . . 
Sales offices (without stocks).. 

Machinery (except electrical) 

Sales branches (with stocks) . . 
Sales offices (without stocks) . 



Electrical miichinery 

Sales branches (ivith stocks) . . 
Sales offices (without stocks).. 



Transportation eqiiipment 

Sales branches (with stocks).. 
Sales offices (without stocks).. 



Instruments and related products.. 

Sales branches (with stacks) 

Sales offices (without stocks) 



Other manufacturers' products* 
Sales branches (with stocks).. 
Sales offices ^without stocks). 



Petroleum bulk plants, terminals and LP gas facilities, 
fjasolinc, distillates, residuals. .. . 

Bulk plants ... 

Distributing terminals 

Wholesale LP gas facilities 



Mercbaodise agents, brokers . ... 

Grocery, confectionery, meats. . 
Groceries (combination of food lines) . 

Canned foods ... 

Coffee, tea, spices 

Confectionery 

Flour 

Meats, provisions (except canned) 

Sugar.. 

Miscellaneous grocery products 



Farm products (edible) .. 

Dairy, poultry products. 
Fruits, vegetables 

Drugs, chemicals, paints. . . 
Drugs, iiroprictaries, toiletries.. . 

Cheniicals, explosives 

Paints, varnishes, lacquers, entiniels.. 



5,033 
3,016 
2,017 

910 
668 
242 



109 
23 



■W8 
286 

162 

110 
86 



236 
100 
136 



276 
145 
131 

1,164 
787 
377 

380 
193 
187 

207 
179 
28 

202 

157 
45 

415 
198 
217 

6,056 

5,913 

5,713 

200 

143 

4,473 
517 
38 
202 
11 
35 
10 
27 
45 
149 

160 
36 
124 



18,031,884 
8,486,111 
9,545,773 

2,387,636 

1,464,267 

923,369 

242,450 

137,558 
104,892 

89,678 
56,740 
32,938 

92,174 
66,457 
25,717 

575,043 
126,625 
448,418 

1,781,323 
900,883 
880,440 

418,852 
292,476 
126,376 

28,509 
12,103 
16,406 

772,884 
202,458 
570,426 

3,918,343 

267,279 

3,651,064 

736,920 
172,164 
564,756 

1,573,161 

1,038,382 

5X,779 

1,297,524 
925,354 
372,170 

2,960,678 

2,297,659 

663,019 

273,437 
189,647 
83,790 

883,272 
336,059 
547,213 

3,278,874 
3,229,769 
2,217,045 
1,012,724 
49,105 



8,054, 

1,401, 

49, 

508, 

yj, 

55, 

17, 

218, 

216, 

276, 



643 
658 
336 
371 
532 
634 
43S^ 
883 
375 
289 



424,189 
135,110 
289,079 

113,886 
20,647 
71,519 

.1,720 



475,289 
475,289 



37,256 
37,256 



7,346 
7,346 



6,416 
6,416 



7,942 
7,942 



5,855 
5,855 



33,493 
33,493 



20,896 
20,896 



2,283 
2,283 



12,339 
12,339 



18,282 
18,282 



23,240 
23,240 



87,461 
87,461 



39,694 
39,694 



127,540 
127,540 



9,762 
9,762 



35,484 
35,434 



181,448 
178,357 
90,015 
88,342 
3,091 

13,925 

930 

23 

413 

369 

11 

5 

1 

7 

101 

406 
47 
359 

319 
21 

249 



1,236,749 
869,452 
367,297 

210,841 
144,882 
65,959 

12,753 
8,741 
4,012 

7,767 
6,225 
1,542 

12,871 
9,125 
3,746 

31,314 
7,325 
23,989 

174,003 
116,780 
57,223 

44,787 
30,473 
14,314 

3,019 

2,306 

713 

52,633 
33,124 

19,509 

77,631 
17,460 
60,171 

50,906 
35,444 
15,462 

209,581 
176,905 
32,676 

94,873 
78,624 
16,249 

138,774 
124,197 
14, 577 

37,638 
30,240 
7,398 

77,358 
47,601 
29,757 

317,118 
303,985 
238,678 
65,307 
13,133 

251,590 
31,024 
1,543 
13,249 
595 
1,890 
262 
2,069 
2,224 
9,192 

13,586 
3,863 
9,723 

5,026 
1,526 
2,332 
1,168 



6.9 
10.2 
3.8 



9.9 
7.1 

5.3 
6.4 
3.8 

8.7 
11.0 
4.7 

14.0 
13.7 
14.6 

5.4 
5.8 
5.3 

9.8 
13.0 
6.5 

10.7 
10.4 
11.3 

10.6 
19.1 
4.3 

6.3 
16.4 
3.4 

2.0 
6.5 
1.6 

6.9 
20.6 
2.7 

13.3 

17.0 

6.1 

7.3 
8.5 
4.4 

4.7 
5.4 
2.2 

13.8 

15.-) 



U.2 
5.4 

9.7 
9.4 

10.8 
6.4 

26.7 

3.1 
2.2 
3.1 
2.6 
1.0 
3.4 
1.5 
.9 
1.0 
3.3 

3.2 
2.9 
3.4 

4.4 
7.4 
3.3 
5.4 



624,402 
459,520 
164,862 

94,753 
70,477 
24,276 

7,979 
6,080 
1,899 

4,123 

3,041 
1,082 

7,085 
4,796 
2,289 

14,079 
4,136 
9,943 

61,066 

41,778 
19,268 

16,717 
13,623 
5,094 

1,127 
750 
377 

28,242 
19,289 
8,953 

39,787 
9,712 
30,075 

32,305 
23,625 
8,660 

132,503 
113,931 
18,572 

46,925 
37,812 
9,113 

72,673 
65,369 
7,304 

22,083 
18,634 

3,449 

40,955 
26,467 
U,488 

113.416 
107, 2U 
77,869 
29,375 
6,174 

106,859 

13,174 

645 

5,831 

240 

717 

98 

579 

957 

4,107 

6,463 
1,841 
4,642 

2,780 
856 

1,291 
633 



12,323,213 
9,093,442 
3,229,771 

1,768,505 

1,316,863 

451,642 

148,217 

109,001 

39,216 

77,230 
57,713 
19,517 

141,151 
93,251 
47,900 

292,585 
93,926 
198,659 

1,193,423 
810,016 
383,407 

367,032 
283,793 
103,239 

21,944 
14,926 
7,016 

572,398 
405,555 
166,843 

801,446 
195,212 
606,234 

627,036 
460,788 
166,248 

2,644,914 

2,282,831 

362,063 

940,819 
765,170 
175,649 

1,435,174 

1,301,131 

134,043 

433,611 
366,083 
67,528 

837,728 
537,181 
300,547 

2,200,256 

2,079,294 

1,533,465 

545,829 

120,962 



1,979, 
236, 
12, 

98, 
3, 

11, 
1. 
10, 
17, 
79, 



127,206 
46,269 
80,937 

51,157 
15,779 
25,250 
10,128 



119,807 
92,262 
27,545 

19,267 
14,731 
4,556 

1,401 

1,U7 

284 

735 
575 
160 

1,241 
944 
297 

2,704 

938 

1,766 

11,475 
8,142 
3,333 

1,444 
2,558 



331 
299 



4,928 
3,568 
1,360 



6,494 
5,187 
1,307 

24,369 
21,452 
2,917 

8,794 
7,303 
1,491 

15,636 
14,060 
1,576 



8,336 
5,604 
2,732 

26,064 
24,630 
18,295 
6,335 
1,434 

20,186 

2,305 

130 

1,018 

32 

101 

24 

78 

193 

729 

1,270 
433 
837 

372 
UO 



119,481 
91,843 
27,638 

19,521 
14,939 
4,562 

1,376 

1,092 

284 

758 
590 
166 

1,286 

950 
336 

2,701 

936 

1,763 

11,626 
8,198 
3,428 

3,419 

2,545 

874 

320 
287 
33 

4,917 
3,550 
1,367 

6,214 
1,952 
4,262 

6,477 
5,176 
1,301 

24,520 
21,562 
2,958 

8,743 
7,220 
1,523 

14,751 
13,285 
1,466 

4,505 

3,915 

590 

8,347 
5,644 
2,703 

25,372 

23,955 

17,903 

6,052 

1,417 

20,268 

2,305 

131 

1,001 

31 

102 

22 

92 

190 

736 

1,279 

4IjO 
819 

400 
152 
163 
85 



120,099 
92,496 
27,603 

19,721 
15,065 
4,656 

1,409 

1,141 

268 

709 
589 
120 

1,290 
938 
352 

2,679 

914 

1,765 

U,636 
8,226 
3,410 

3,457 

2,571 

886 

323 

292 
31 

4,977 
3,606 
1,371 

6,175 
1,815 
4,360 

6,439 
5,127 
1,312 

24,602 
21,660 
2,942 

8,700 
7,215 
1,465 

14,957 
13,619 
1,338 

4,577 

3,980 

597 

8,448 
5,738 
2,710 

25,670 
24,213 
17,962 
6,251 
1,457 

20,366 

2,382 

163 

1,009 

32 

103 

18 

91 

190 

771 

1,313 
424 



409 
157 
169 
83 



119,789 
92,229 
27,560 

19,263 
U,770 
4,493 

1,310 

1,047 

263 

740 
584 
156 

1,358 
942 
416 

2,749 

960 

1,789 

U,605 
8,213 
3,392 

3,404 

2,515 

889 

332 
301 
31 

5,104 
3,747 
1,357 

6,140 
1,784 
4,356 

6,397 
5,070 
1,327 

24,515 
21,537 
2,978 

8,810 
7,310 
1,500 

15,205 
13,898 
1,307 

4,545 

3,953 

592 

8,312 
5,598 

2,714 

26,573 
25,127 
18,646 
6,481 
1,U6 

20,344 

2,401 

137 

1,019 

30 

112 

19 

93 

187 

304 

1,222 
381 
841 

395 
150 
163 
82 



4,368 

4,336 

4,335 

1 

32 

3,428 

414 

3J 

180 
8 
30 
4 
25 
18 
114 

128 
29 
99 



H 
36 

17 



.Standard Not«s. (D) Withheld toavoid disclosure. (NA) Not available, n.e.c. Not clsewhei'C classified. XXX Not applicable. (Z) Less than $600 or leas than O.O.I percent. 

. . . Represent' zero. 

•Includes tobacco manufactures, lumber and products (except furniture), printing and publishing, coal pniduils, and miscclliincous manufactures. 

^lintrie:; for merctiandine afTcntr. and broker;: represent brokerage or commlnslon received. 



UNITED STATES SUMMARY 



1-29 



Table ID. WHOLESALE TRADE: 19M-GEOGRAPHIC DIVISIONS, BY TYPE OF OPERATION AND KIND OF 

BUSINESS-Continued 
Establishments, Sales, Inventories, Operating Expenses, Payroll, and Personnel 



Geographic division, 
type of operation, and kind of business 



Eslah. 
lish- 
nients 



lilientories. 

end of 

year, 

at cost 



OpeiatinR t-xpenses 
(inc. payioll)' 



Amount 

($1,000) 



Per- 
cent 
of 
.sales 



Payi'oll. 
entire year 



Payroll, 

workweek 

ended nearest 

Nov. 15 



Paid employees, workweek 
eniied nearest- 



Ma ich 15 
(NumlHT) 



May 15 

(Numhcr) 



Aug. 15 
( Numlier) 



Nov. 15 
(Numhor) 



pi'opne- 
tors of 
unincor- 
porated 
busi- 
nesstw, 
Nov. 
(Nunitit-r) 



EAST NORTH CENTRAL — Continued 



Type by Kind of Busioess— Coo. 

Merchaodise agents, brokers— CoD. 

Apparel (including footwear) - 

Clothing, fiimishinps (men's, women's) 

Mens, bo>'s" clothing, furnishings ,. 

Women's, children's clothing, accessories 

Furs (dressed), fur clothing 

Handbags 

Millinery. niiUinery supplies 

Shoes, other footwear -- 

Work clothing -. .. 



Dry gtiods, piece goods.. 

Hosiery — 

Dry giwds 

Piece goods 



Filmitiire, home fiirnishings. 

Fiimitiire 

Home furnishings 

Paper, allied products. . . 

Paper 

Stationery, office siipplies.. 



Farm products (raw materials) 

Cotton 

Grain — 

Hides, skins, raw furs 

Livestock 

Tobacco fleaf) - 

Wool, mohair 

Miscellaneous inedible farm products. 

Automotive 



Electrical-electrotiic apparatus, eqiiip., appliances.. 

Electrical apparatus, suppUes 

Apphances, radios, TV sets 

Electronic parts, eqtiipment 



Hardware, plumbing.heating goods — 

Hardware ..- ... -.. - 

Plumbing, heating gooiis . 



Lumber, construction materials — 

Liimber, millwork 

Construction materials (except liimber). 



Machinery, equipment, suppUes 

Air conditiotiing, coniiuercial refrigeration eqiiipment. 

Commercial machines, equipment .- . 

Construction machinery, equipment . 

Farm-garden tnachinery, equipment - - 

Industrial machinery, equipment, supplies 

Professional equipment, supphes 

Ser^-ice establishinent equipment, supplies 

Transportation (exc. automotive) equip., supplies 



Metals, raetaiwork (except scrap). 

Iron, steel and products 

Xoriferrous metals, metahvork.. 



Other merchandise agents, brokers 

Scrap iron and steel .. _ 

Amusements, sporting goods, toys 

Books, magazines, newspapers 

Coal, coke_ __._ 

Farm supplies 

Jewelry 

Yams... 

Petroleiim and products 

General merchandise 

Miscellaneoiis products, agents, brokers, n.e.c. 

Assemblers of fartn prodacis .. 

Dair\', poultry' products ; 

Fresh fruits, vegetables 

Farm products (raw materials) ... 

Farm suppUes 

Other farm products assemblers. 



158 

38 

19 

72 

4 

7 

5 

12 

1 



55 
27 

378 



357 
193 



250 
81 
169 

193 
110 
83 



29 
19 
18 
679 
16 
54 



233 
168 
45 

505 
13 
39 
U 
53 
23 
17 



66 
245 



136,491 

64,395 

12,761 

38,002 

(D) 

5,587 

(D) 

11,766 

(D) 

200,604 

4,217 

58,875 

137,512 

118,968 
53,987 
64,981 

138,337 

128,774 

9,563 

2,391,479 

191,250 

65 ,943 

2,067,133 

(D) 

(D) 

42,756 

560,099 

346,436 
188,316 
36,650 
121,470 

142,743 
54,092 
88,651 

154,709 
116,585 
38,124 

638,021 
78,751 
12,765 
17,774 
13,778 

439,041 
4,881 
32,554 
38,477 

343,872 
288,551 
55,321 

942,951 
18,516 
36,031 
6,374 

280,732 
61,345 
13,846 
17,666 
24,416 
42,929 

441,096 



2,689 


2,347,011 


77,986 


467 


409,579 


6,365 


145 


73,640 


2,443 


1,967 


1,823,680 


66,111 


109 


(D) 


(D) 


1 


(D) 


(D) 



(D) 

Vb) 
Id) 

207 
11 
78 

118 

222 

37 
185 

551 

524 

27 



87 

3,644 

(D) 

(D) 



782 
142 
499 
141 



631 
119 
512 



107 

3,562 
140 
28 
283 
113 
2,774 
45 
122 
57 



325 

288 



1,572 
639 



5,386 
1,595 
601 
2,251 
(D) 
307 
(D) 
431 
(D) 

7,120 

104 

2,819 

4,197 

8,081 
3,248 
4,833 

5,745 
4,710 
1,035 

24,324 

1,961 
2,253 

18,872 
(D) 
(D) 
524 

20,392 

19,933 

10,913 

1,936 

7,084 

11,306 
3,635 

7,671 

7,322 
3,962 
3,360 

49,559 
2,015 
1,501 
1,825 
1,001 

38,084 

489 

2,353 

2,291 

11,885 
9,897 
1,988 

30,901' 
982 

2,189 
862 

9,042 

1,393 
789 
416 
648 

2,876 
11,704 

127,629 

23,877 

9,174 

90,481 

( (D) 

(D) 



3.9 
2.5 
4.7 
5.9 
(D) 
5.5 
(D) 
3.7 
(D) 

3.5 
2.5 

4.8 
3.1 

6.8 
6.0 
7.4 

4.2 
3.7 
10, 



1.0 
3.4 
.9 
(D) 
(D) 
1.2 



5 
5 
5.3 

5.i 

7.9 
6.7 



4.7 
3.4 



2.6 
11.8 
10.3 

7.3 
8.7 
10.0 
7.2 
6.0 

3.5 

3.4 
3.6 



5.3 
6.1 
U 
3.2 
2.3 
5.7 
2.4 
2. 
6.7 
2.7 

5.4 
5.8 
12.5 
5.0 
(D) 
(D) 



1,348 
468 
139 
463 
(D) 
68 
(D) 
136 
(D) 

2,380 
45 
995 

1,340 

3,063 

946 

2,117 

2,324 

1,774 

550 

12,630 

816 
1,088 
10,189 
(D) 
(D) 
214 

7,455 

7,271 

4,185 

754 

2,332 

4,599 
1,373 
3,226 

3,234 
1,433 
1,801 

21,899 

833 

562 

808 

420 

16,797 

151 

1,127 

1,201 

4,801 

4,062 

738 

13,419 

610 

752 

602 

4,462 

442 

200 

98 

288 

1,3U 

4,651 

57,771 
11,539 
4,619 
39,537 
(D) 
(D) 



26,938 

10,411 

2,651 

9,147 

(D) 

1,472 

(D) 

1,777 

(D) 

44,133 

910 

18,642 

24,581 

56,647 
17,556 
39,091 

46,217 
36,148 
10,069 

245,525 

12,811 

18,398 

203,742 

(D) 

(D) 

3,703 

137,004 

139,783 
81,173 
12,854 
45,756 

90,532 
27,899 
62,633 

62,580 
25,438 
37,142 

386,324 
16,908 
9,047 
10,381 
9,588 
295,217 
2,247 
21,632 
21,304 

87,088 
74,540 
12,548 

242,763 

11,083 

U,568 

11,410 

78,633 

8,939 

2,923 

1,718 

5,526 

22,306 

85,652 



254,631 
90,375 

797,062 
(D) 
(D) 



296 

102 
25 

113 

(D) 
15 

(D) 
22 

(D) 



221 
194 

511 
199 
312 

394 

307 
87 

4,809 

153 

159 

4,392 

(D) 
(D) 
22 

986 

1,167 
662 
131 

374 

731 
209 
522 

577 
239 
338 

3,295 
144 
88 
129 
97 
2,416 
33 
183 
205 

718 
595 
123 

2,331 

107 

109 

89 

741 

85 

37 

19 

54 

264 

826 

16,694 

3,610 

1,174 

11,203 

(D) 

(D) 



290 
95 
28 

112 

(D) 
15 

(D) 
22 

(D) 

412 
9 

207 
196 

513 
190 
323 

421 
336 
85 

4,781 

152 

156 

4,372 

(D) 
(D) 
22 



.,179 
672 

130 
377 

738 
206 
532 

583 
241 
342 



127 

97 

2,446 

32 
182 

207 

726 
601 
125 

2,317 
98 

114 
87 

731 
81 
37 
18 
50 

267 

834 

17,020 

3,777 

1,374 

11,163 

(D) 

(D) 



287 
92 
31 

110 

(D) 
15 

(D) 
21 

(D) 



213 
191 

508 
183 
325 

437 
353 
84 

4,831 

155 

152 

4,424 

(D) 
(D) 
23 

1,032 

1,155 
653 
122 

380 

733 
209 
524 

585 
240 
345 

3,288 
151 
93 
126 
96 
2,415 
33 
183 
191 

712 
593 
119 

2,281 
107 
119 
85 
720 
86 
34 
20 
49 
249 
812 

16,979 
3,747 
1,395 
11,157 
(D) 
(D) 



32 
123 

(D) 
16 

(D) 
21 
(D) 



237 
190 

520 
202 

318 

431 
349 
82 



155 
U7 
,581 

(D) 
(D) 



1,039 

1,167 
659 
1.-4 
384 

786 
239 
547 

594 
248 
346 

3,319 
147 
85 
122 
97 
2,451 
33 
192 
192 

728 
597 
131 

2,377 
98 

135 
87 

694 
90 
33 
20 
62 

249 

909 

17,754 

3,784 

1,598 

11,701 

(D) 

(D) 



132 
29 

10 
69 

(D) 
6 
(D) 
10 
(D) 

44 
5 
17 
22 

107 
48 



72 
56 



34 

18 
355 

(D) 
(D) 



308 
181 



192 
58 
134 

143 
83 



535 
15 
34 
24 

187 
142 



162 

1,478 
309 
131 
969 
(D) 
(D) 



Standard Notes: (D) Withheld to avoid disclosure. 
Represents zero. 

^Entries for inerchandise agents and brokers represent brokerage or coDjmission received. 



(NA) Not avaiUible. n.e.c. Not elsewhere classified. XXX Not applicable. (Z) Less than $500 or less than 0.06 percent. 



1-30 



WHOLESALE TRADE-SUMMARY STATISTICS 



Table ID. WHOLESALE TRADE: 1954-GEOGRAPHlC DIVISIONS, BY TYPE OF OPERATION AND KIND OF 

BUSINESS-Continued 
Establishments, Sales, Inventories, Operating Expenses, Payroll, and Personnel 



Geographic division, 
type of operation, and Icind of business 



Estab- 
lish- 
ments 



Sates 



Inventories, 

end of 

year, 

at cost 



Operating expenses 
(inc. payroll)' 



Amount 
($1,000) 



Per- 
cent 
of 
sales 



Payroll, 
entire year 



Payroll, 

workweek 

ended nearest 

Nov. 15 



Paid employees, workweek 
ended nearest- 



March 15 
(Numbert 



May 15 
(Number) 



Aug, 15 
(Number) 



Nov. 15 
(Number) 



Active 
proprie- 
ton> of 
unincor- 
porated 
busi- 
nesses, 
Nov. 
(Number! 



WEST NORTH CENTRAL 



Wholesale trade, toul. 



Type of Opecatioo 

Merchant wholesalers . 

Maoufacturers' sales branches, sales offices 

Petroleum bulk plants, lermioals and LP gas bcilities. 

Merchandise ageois, brokers 

Assemblers of farm products 

Type by Kind of Business 

Merchaal wholesalers 

Grocery, confectionery, meat wholesalers. - - - - 

Cleneral-iine grocery wholesalera . 

Confectionery wholesalers. 

Fish, sea food distributors 

Meat, meat products wholesalers- 

Specialty .line grocery wholesalers. 



Farm products (edible) distributors 

Poultry, poultry products distributors.. 
Fresh fruit, vegetable wholesalers 



Be«r, wine, distilled spirits wholesalers. 
Beer, ale distributors 

Wine, distilled spirits wholesalers 



Tobacco distributors 

Drugs, chemicals, allied products wholesalers... 

General-line drug wholesalers 

Specialty-line drug, toiletries wholesalers 

Industrial chemicals, explosives distributors.. 
Paint, varnish wholesalers 



Dry goods, apparel wholesalers 

Clothing, furnishings, footwear wholesalers. 

General.Iine dry gtjods wholesalers 

Specialty-line dry goods wholesalers -.- 

Piece goods converters 



Furniture, home furnishings wholesalers.. . ... 

Furniture (household, office) wholesalers 

Home fiimishings, floor coverings wholesalers. 



Paper, allied products wholesalers 

Coarse paper and products wholesalers.. 

Printing and fine paper distributors 

Stationery, office supplies wholesalers. . . 
Wallpaper wholesalers 



Farm products (raw materials) mervfaanta. 



Automotive wholesalers 

Motor vehicle distributors 

Automotive equipment, tire-tube wholesalers.. 



Electrical, electronics, appUance distributors 

Electrical apparatus, supphes distributors 

Electrical appliance, radio, TV set wholesalers. . 
Electronic parts, equipment distributors 



Hardware, plumbing-heating goods wholesalers 

Hardware wholesalers 

Plumbmg, heating equipment, suppUee distributors. 



Lumber, construction materials distributors. . 

Lumber, millwork wholesalers . 

Construction materials distributors 



Machinery, equipment, supphes distributors. 

Air conditioning, comm. refrigeration equip., distrs. 

Commercial machines, equipment distributors 

Construction machinery, equipment dealers 

Farm-garden machinery, equipment wholesalers 

Industrial machinery, equipment distributors. . . . 

Industrial materials, supplies distributors 

Professional eqmpmerrt, suppUes distributors 

Service estahlishrnent supply houses 

Transportation equipment distributors 



Metals, metalwork (except scrap) distributors.. 

Iron, steel and products distributors- 

Nonferrous metals distributors 



Scrap, waste materials dealers.. 

Iron, steel scrap dealers 

Waste materials dealers. . . . 



13,205 
2,232 
7,473 
2,131 
5,341 



13,205 

1,339 

294 

121 
47 
268 
609 

823 
380 
443 

826 
704 
122 



176 
109 
82 

326 
221 



260 
130 
130 

324 
128 



1,572 

122 

1,450 

536 
232 

178 
126 

424 
144 
280 

875 
301 
574 

2,235 
160 
255 
181 
195 
381 
298 
246 
480 
39 

170 
145 
25 

677 
427 
250 



Other merchant wholesalers.. 



179 
147 
47 
420 
123 
216 



9,014,924 
5,227,328 
1,598,354 
5,328,184 
2,573,348 



9,014,924 
1,380,912 
946,826 
27,896 
18,819 
120,452 
266,919 

446,495 
189,576 
256,919 

447,942 
185,130 
262,312 

280,503 

229,144 
129,768 
39,607 
41,646 
18,123 

257,138 

103,430 

117,913 

34,212 

1,583 

123,812 
41,700 
82,112 

220,368 
102,640 
87,310 
27,911 
2,507 



435,964 
79,290 
356,674 

583,352 
251,726 
289,839 
41,787 

452,997 
267,789 
185,208 

615,593 
373,259 
242,334 

888,073 
36,992 
51,441 
179,876 
111,027 
191,852 
124,161 
86,799 
92,529 
13,396 

136,604 
109,116 
27,488 

144,356 
99,523 
44,833 

884,257 
72,150 
30, 510 
46,665 

275,840 
29,973 

192,136 
9,591 
10,174 

217,218 



840,492 

245,718 

111,665 

5,236 

108,579 



840,492 
100,345 
77,161 
2,321 
1,821 
3,030 
16,012 

13,311 
6,000 

7,311 

51,617 

9,869 

41,748 

U,718 

28,137 
17,794 
3,971 
3,815 
2,557 

37,081 
10,688 
21,891 
4,309 
193 

17,416 
5,564 
11,852 

22,602 

10,532 

8,819 

2,782 

469 

51,993 

77,218 
4,173 
73,045 

66,326 

31,625 

29,351 

5,350 

79,701 
49,602 
30,099 

34,041 
18,839 
15,202 

120,948 
5,823 
5,287 
32,983 
15,790 
19,985 
U,140 
13,834 
11,538 
1,568 

23,089 
20,122 
2,967 

13,023 
9,960 
3,063 

88,926 
8,192 
1,949 
6,965 

35,993 
6,118 

12,008 
748 
576 

16,377 



Amusement, sporting goods distiibutoni.. 

Book, magazine, newspaper wholesalers 

Coal wholesalprs 

Farm supplies wholesalers 

Jewelry wholesalers. . . 

Petroleum products distributors .. 

Gift, art goods, greeting card wholesalers 

Flower, bulb, plant wholesalers .. . . 

-Miscellaneoun products merchant wholesalers 228 

Standard Notes: (D) Withheld to avoid disclosure. (NA) Not available, n.e.c. Not elsewhere cla-ssified. XXX Not applicable. (Z) Less than $,500 or less than 0.05 ix'rccni. 

, . . Represents zero, 

^Entries I'or merchandise agents and brokers represent brokerage or cojimilaBlon received. 



1,130,550 
431,031 
188,224 
96,877 
150,155 



1,130,550 
127,339 
70,537 
3,744 
3,319 
16,129 
33,610 

51,406 
18,517 
32,889 

52,500 
30,372 
22,128 

16,220 

38,953 
18,067 
8,372 
8,219 
4,295 

38,833 
14,663 
18,940 
4,839 
391 

24,299 
9,193 
15,106 

39,347 
17,049 
12,911 
8,806 
581 

55,657 

95,631 
9,446 
86,185 

80,190 
33,833 
38,042 
8,315 

83,594 
53,144 
30,450 

83,823 
35,432 
48,391 

181,873 
3,735 
13,067 
32,928 
19,536 
27,318 
26,040 
25,772 
25,359 
3,123 

23,695 
19,805 
3,890 

25,446 
15,877 
9,569 

111,739 

11,620 
6,788 
5,308 

32,676 
6,947 

16,972 
2,556 
2,276 

26,596 



12.5 
3.2 

11.8 
1.8 
5.8 



12.5 
9.2 
7.4 
13.4 
17.6 
13.4 
12.6 

11.5 
9.8 

12.8 

11.7 
16.4 
8.4 

5.8 

17.0 
13.9 
21.1 
19.7 

23.7 

15.1 
14.2 
16.1 
14.1 
24.7 

19.6 
22.0 

18.4 

17.9 
16.6 
14.8 
31.6 
23.2 

3.7 

21.9 
11.9 
24.2 

U.7 
13.4 
13.1 
19.9 

18.5 
19.8 
16.4 

13.6 
9.5 
20.0 

20.5 
23.6 
25.4 
18.3 
17.6 
U.2 
21.0 
29.7 
27.4 
23.3 

17.3 
18.2 
U.2 

17.6 
16.0 
21.3 

12.6 
16.1 
22.2 
11.4 
11.8 
23.2 
8.8 
26.6 
22.4 
12.2 



6U,172 

217,493 

57,591 

43,801 

66,598 



611,172 

69,552 

41,197 

1,950 

1,664 

7,922 

16,819 

25,473 
7,880 
17,593 

24,919 
12,320 
12,099 

8,786 

21,935 
11,265 

4,177 
4,063 
2,430 

21,461 
7,460 

11,318 

2,522 

161 

13,643 
5,202 
8,441 

23,178 
9,880 
7,975 
5,074 
249 



56,840 
4,897 
51,943 

44,352 
19,841 
20,022 
4,489 

47,933 
30,082 
17,851 

46,925 
20,249 
26,676 

100,710 
4,787 
7,071 
19,223 
9,756 
13,595 
15,047 
15,739 
13,708 
1,784 

12,635 
10,742 
1,893 

13,307 
8,129 
5,178 

56,780 
6,059 
3,783 
2,083 

16,829 
3,593 
8,304 
1,216 
1,363 

13,550 



12,133,454 
4,273,186 
1,U1,578 
337,900 
1,257,060 



12,133,454 
1,440,832 
886,777 
38,622 
35,005 
155,916 
324,512 

502,674 
176,452 
326,222 

471,583 
239,886 
231,697 

159,804 

433,896 
214,598 
90,302 
83,957 
45,039 

375,429 
145,468 
177,953 
47,844 
4,164 

259,101 
98,924 
160,177 

453,463 
214,232 
162,270 
101,941 
4,970 

444,253 

1,115,398 

98,194 

1,017,204 

885,190 

382,123 

413,762 

89,305 

933,337 
581,031 
352,306 

961,483 
396,757 
564,726 

1,956,186 
98,333 
U6,602 
349,459 
186,547 
254,531 
311,318 
304,481 
280,296 
34,619 

249,700 
213,967 
35,733 

265,662 
163,626 
102,036 



130,591 
66,022 
40,198 

354,336 
77,116 

167,282 
27,421 
27,593 

304,904 



241,676 



146,207 
44,836 
15,132 
14,893 
20,603 



146,207 
18,063 
10,152 
549 
477 
1,969 
4,916 

7,691 
2,997 
4,694 

5,513 
2,992 
2,521 

2,461 

5,3U 

2,869 

1,064 

759 

622 

4,976 

1,790 

2,501 

622 

63 

3,222 

1,269 

1,953 

5,416 
2,253 
1,636 
1,449 
78 

5,259 

U,532 
1,148 
13,384 

9,528 
4,373 
4,U1 
1,014 

11,028 
7,185 
3,843 

9,607 
4,082 
5,525 

21,893 
954 
1,661 
3,692 
2,041 
2,733 
3,289 
3,383 
3,244 
396 

2,592 

2,2U 

378 

3,921 

2,224 
1,697 

15,191 
1,582 
1,512 

5U 
4,073 

906 
1,801 

352 

368 
4,084 



242,324 



146,837 
44,638 
15,170 
14,703 
20,976 



146,837 

17,809 

10,129 

559 

445 
1,948 
4,728 

7,749 
3,147 
4,602 

5,666 

3,136 
2,530 

2,454 

5,384 

2,863 

1,089 

799 

633 

4,927 

1,708 

2,524 

643 

52 

3,192 
1,233 
1,959 

5,333 
2,246 
1,642 
1,368 

77 

5,516 

U,473 
1,149 
13,324 

9,450 
4,343 
4,096 
1,011 

11,141 
7,297 
3,844 

10,271 
4,124 
6,U7 

22,041 
1,008 
1,641 
3,661 
2,122 
2,762 
3,335 
3,857 
3,251 
404 

2,636 

2,251 

385 

4,216 

2,403 
1,813 

U,579 
1,639 
1,420 

492 
3,865 

900 
1,785 

366 

363 
3,749 



U9,403 
17,997 
10,205 
598 
444 
2,003 
4,747 

7,984 
3,329 
4,655 

5,708 
3,347 
2,361 

2,511 

5,433 

2,86? 

1,111 

833 

627 

5,108 

1,891 

2,541 

643 

33 

3,257 
1,280 
1,977 

5,418 
2,291 

1,704 

1,351 

72 

5,997 

14,392 
1,153 
13,239 

9,428 
4,376 
4,042 
1,010 

11,351 
7,400 
3,951 

10,794 
4,272 
6,522 

22,104 
1,015 
1,645 
3,652 
2,180 
2,830 
3,282 
3,863 
3,250 
387 

2,625 

2,243 
382 

4,298 
2,451 
1,847 

14,998 
1,674 
1,405 

511 
4,204 

913 
1,909 

4?8 

352 
3,602 



151,669 
44,838 
15, 6U 
15,045 
22,677 



151,669 

18,450 

10,116 

624 

530 

2,109 

5,071 

8,369 
3,605 
4,764 

5,646 
3,202 
2,444 

2,449 

5,552 

2,861 

1,189 

882 

620 

5,136 
1,936 
2,491 

647 
62 

3,407 
1,374 
2,033 

5,408 
2,302 
1,626 
1,422 
58 

5,829 

14,571 
1,131 
13,440 

9,562 
4,371 
4,105 
1,086 

11,352 
7,330 
4,022 

11,111 
4,347 
6,764 

21,903 
960 
1,831 
3,384 
2,124 
2,782 
3,298 
3,876 
3,270 
378 

2,676 
2,262 

414 

4,409 
2,486 
1,923 

15,839 
1,689 

1,375 
509 

4,522 
980 

1,921 
564 
405 

3,874 



18,194 



5,867 
1,820 
2,254 



1,243 
943 
100 
99 
29 
289 
426 

745 
368 

377 

580 
560 
20 



224 
159 



134 
74 
60 

150 
59 



159 
60 
99 

396 
111 
285 

1,223 
108 
192 



UO 
102 
3U 
20 

73 
64 



619 
396 
223 

951 

105 
104 
19 
286 
109 
118 
39 
25 
146 



UNITED STATES SUMMARY 



1-31 



Table ID. WHOLESALE TRADE: 1954-GEOGRAPHIC DIVISIONS, BY TYPE OF OPERATION AND KIND OF 

BUSINESS-Continued 
Establishments, Sales, Inventories, Operating Expenses, Payroll, and Personnel 





Estab- 
lish, 
ments 

(Number) 


Sales 
($1,0001 


Inventories, 

end of 

year, 

at cost 

($1,000) 


Operating expenses 
(inc. payroll)^ 


Payroll, 
entire year 

($1,000) 


Payroll, 

workweek 

ended nearest 

Nov. 15 

(Dollars) 


Paid employees, workweek 
ended nearest- 


Active 
proprie- 

tOR4 of 

unincor- 


Geographic dvvision. 
type ot operation, and kind of business 


Amount 
($1,000) 


Per- 
cent 
of 
sales 


March 15 

(Number) 


May 15 
(Number) 


Aug. ir, 

(Num)ier) 


Nov. IS 
(Number) 


porated 

busi- 

nes.ses, 

Nov. 

(Number) 


WEST NORTH CENTRAl. — Continued 
T^pe by Kind of Business— Con. 


2,232 

1,533 

699 

450 
331 

119 

30 
16 
14 

12 
9 
3 

22 

19 
3 

33 
7 
26 

226 
165 

61 

48 

46 

2 

20 
19 

1 

94 
35 
59 

108 
13 
95 

99 
62 
37 

543 
430 
113 

151 
37 
64 

128 

117 
11 

120 
109 
11 

148 
68 
80 

7,473 

7,301 

7,239 

62 

172 

2,131 
259 
30 
83 
6 
18 
7 
5 
19 
91 

95 

34 
61 

20 
9 
8 
3 


5,227,328 
3,313,141 
1,914,187 

780,151 
567,152 
212,999 

49,890 
29,623 
20,267 

25,278 
(D) 
(D) 

11,406 
(D) 
(D) 

86,671 
28,978 
57,693 

504,096 
287,290 
216,806 

150,160 
(D) 
(D) 

216,171 
(D) 
(D) 

218,323 
45,896 
172,427 

611,333 
38,773 
572,560 

246,862 
67,660 
179,202 

794,254 
688,157 
106,097 

378,874 
300,813 
78,061 

881,489 

731,831 

99,658 

48,159 

(D) 
(D) 

224,211 
45,085 
179,126 

1,598,354 

1,569,126 

1,374,546 

194,580 

29,228 

5,328,134 
593,940 
66,715 
156,897 
38,754 
16,643 
65,087 
5,248 
117,320 
127,276 

138,465 
34 ,242 
104,223 

18,553 

3,097 

(D) 

(D) 


245,718 
245,718 

16,748 
16,748 

948 
948 

2,242 

(D) 
(D) 

379 
(D) 
(D) 

785 
735 

13,497 
13,497 

11,898 
(D) 
(D) 

28,454 
(D) 
(D) 

5,165 
5,165 

2,306 
2,306 

6,71J2 
6,712 

93,806 
93,806 

14,003 
14,003 

38,815 
38,815 

3,353 

(D) 
(D) 

6,107 
6,107 

Ul,665 
109,080 
77,594 
31,486 
2,585 

5,236 

107 

'34 

4 

2 
15 
52 

178 
158 
20 

86 

5 

(D) 

(D) 


431,031 
348,687 
82,344 

73,242 
62,684 
15,558 

2,568 

1,631 

887 

2,836 

(D) 
(D) 

1,365 
(D) 
(D) 

4,199 
1,164 
3,035 

60,807 
43,454 
17,353 

15,762 
(D) 
(D) 

26,212 

(D) 
(D) 

16,202 
8,202 
8,000 

U,559 
3,039 
11,520 

11,503 
8,261 
3,242 

92,262 
84,987 
7,275 

28,920 
25,427 
3,493 

46,312 

44,140 

2,172 

11,923 

(D) 
(D) 

17,359 
8,780 
8,579 

188,224 
181,149 
166,551 
14,598 
7,075 

96,877 

13,491 

2,082 

4,215 

231 

762 

614 

141 

1,479 

3,967 

4,158 

769 

3,389 

984 
205 
(D) 
(D) 


8.2 
10,5 
4.3 

10.0 

11.1 

7.3 

5.1 
5.7 
4.4 

11.2 
(D) 
(D) 

12.0 
(D) 
(D) 

4.8 
4.0 
5.3 

12.1 
15.1 
8.0 

10.5 
(D) 
(D) 

12.1 

(D) 
(D) 

7.4 
17.9 
4.6 

2.4 
7.8 
2.0 

4.7 

12.2 

1.8 

11.6 
12.3 
6.9 

7.6 
8.5 
4.5 

5.3 
5.6 
2.2 

24.8 
(D) 
(D) 

7.7 
19.5 
4.8 

11.8 
11.5 
12.1 
7.5 
24.2 

1.3 
2.3 
3.1 
2.7 

.6 
4.6 

.9 
2.7 
1.3 
3.1 

3.0 
2.2 
3.3 

5.3 
6.6 

(D) 
(D) 


217,493 
177,806 
39,687 

32,001 

26,352 

5,649 

1,916 

1,392 

524 

1,491 
(D) 
(D) 

345 

(D) 
(D) 

2,197 

663 

1,534 

23,277 
15,007 
3,270 

7,002 
(D) 
(D) 

10,790 
(D) 
(D) 

9,595 
5,834 
3,761 

6,565 

902 

5,663 

6,689 
4,938 
1,751 

58,337 
54,294 
4,043 

16,198 
U,017 
2,181 

23,224 

22,211 
1,013 

7,296 
(D) 
(D) 

10,070 
5,513 
4,557 

57,591 
54,000 
48,715 
5,285 
3,591 

43,801 

6,437 

1,090 

2,016 

123 

305 

276 

23 

770 

1,834 

1,681 

311 
1,370 

697 
63 

(D) 
(D) 


4,273,136 

3,526,062 

747,124 

608,856 
507,105 
101,751 

36,273 
27,462 
8,811 

26,908 
(D) 
(D) 

15,079 
(D) 
(D) 

44,379 
14 ,498 
29,381 

457,632 
294,802 
162,830 

140,220 
CD) 
(D) 

202,241 
(D) 
(D) 

135,515 
119,880 
65,635 

132,579 
18,317 
114,262 

.128,205 
95,329 
32,876 

1,155,485 

1,080,915 

74,570 

316,801 
274,058 
42,743 

461,135 

445,136 

15,999 

141,626 

(D) 
(D) 

220,252 
U5,321 
84,931 

1,141,573 

1,073,298 

969,315 

103,983 

68,280 

837,900 

123,199 

20,945 

37,041 

2,129 

6,497 

3,642 

654 

15,649 

36,642 

29,446 
5,685 
23,761 

9,357 

1,507 

(D) 

(D) 


44,836 
37,863 
6,973 

7,077 
5,919 
1,153 

335 

249 

36 

201 
(D) 
(D) 

162 

(D) 
(D) 

429 
157 
272 

4,642 
3,227 
1,415 

1,399 
(D) 
(D) 

2,338 
(D) 

to) 

1,894 
1,326 

568 

1,129 
196 
933 

1,231 
932 
299 

11,802 

11,070 

732 

3,085 

2,774 

311 

5,022 

4,830 

192 

1,750 
(D) 
(D) 

2,340 

1,442 

398 

15,132 

U,233 

12,989 

1,244 

399 

14,898 

1,154 

198 

373 

15 

58 

37 

7 

122 

339 

■323 
91 
232 

119 
23 

(D) 
(D) 


44,638 

37,643 

6,995 

7,108 
5,960 
1,143 

305 
222 

83 

202 
(D) 
(D) 

162 

(D) 
(D) 

426 
157 
269 

4,635 
3,204 
1,431 

1,373 
(D) 
(D) 

2,253 

(D) 
(D) 

1,946 

1,374 

572 

1,142 
215 
927 

1,257 
954 

303 

11,831 

11,114 

717 

3,077 

2,770 

307 

4,777 

4,548 

229 

1,767 
(D) 
(D) 

2,372 

1,474 
398 

15,170 
14,257 
12,980 
1,277 
913 

14,703 

1,171 

202 

379 

16 

57 

35 

7 

126 

349 

330 
98 
232 

123 
24 

(D) 
(D) 


45,468 
38,517 
6,951 

7,282 
6,147 
1,135 

343 
266 
82 

202 

(D) 
(D) 

156 
(D) 
(D) 

432 
159 
273 

4,662 
3,235 
1,427 

1,397 
(D) 

(D) 

2,225 

(D) 
(D) 

1,385 

1,320 

565 

1,159 
199 
960 

1,289 
992 
297 

12,346 

11,633 

713 

3,058 

2,749 

309 

4,851 

4,662 

139 

1,774 
(D) 
(D) 

2,402 

1,502 

900 

15,367 
14,422 
13,113 
1,304 
945 

14,745 
1,211 
213 
330 
16 
59 
36 
8 
122 
377 

325 
93 
232 

131 
26 
(D) 
(D) 


44,838 
37,856 
6,982 

7,264 
6,015 
1,249 

336 
260 
76 

203 

(D) 
(D) 

159 

(D) 
(D) 

431 
161 
270 

4,629 
3,217 
1,412 

1,374 
(0) 
(D) 

2,205 

(D) 
(D) 

1,941 

1,364 

577 

1,148 
197 
951 

1,239 
943 
296 

11,816 

11,121 

695 

3,032 

2,716 

316 

4,954 

4,805 

149 

1,769 

(D) 
(D) 

2,338 

1,448 

890 

15,614 
14,696 
13,445 
1,251 
918 

15,045 

1,261 

226 

395 

15 

59 

36 

8 

126 

396 

335 
96 
239 

115 
25 

(D) 
(D) 


10 


Sales branches (with stocks) 


5 
5 




1 




1 


Sales offices twithout stocks) . 












Sales offices (without stocks) 




Sales branches (with stocks) 

Sales offices (without stocks) _. 


(D) 

(D) 




(D) 




(D) 






Sales branches (with stocks). - 




rhpmicjilfi ftnH ftllipd pmHiict,i 


2 


Sales branches (with stocks) 

Sales offices (without stocks) 


2 






Sales branches (with stocks) -, -. - 


(D) 
(D) 


Leather and leather products 


(D) 




(D) 














Primary metal products _ 












Fabricated metal products - 




Sales branches (with stocks) 




Sales offices (without stocks) 




Mni-hinery (Mi-opt plprtrirfll) 


1 


Sales branches (with stocks) . _ 




Sales offices (without stocks) 




Ti^1wtHp(»l mfkphinpfy 




Sales branches (with stocks) 




Sales offices (without stocks) 

Transportation equipment _ 

Sales branches (with stocks) 


... 


Sales offices (without stocks) 


2 


Sales branches (with stocks) ._ _ 


(D) 
(D) 


Other manufacturers' products* _ 


4 


Sales offices (without stocks) 

Petrolenm balk pilots, cermuials and LP gas Polities 

Gaaohne, distillates, residuals 

Bulk plants . 


4 

5,867 
5,830 
5,829 




1 


Wholesale LP gas facilities __ 

Merciiaiidisc agenia, brokers _. 

Grocery, confectionery, meats 


37 

1,820 
205 
26 


Tfinn**) !nnti<f 


70 




3 


Confectionery - 

Flour 

Meats provisions (except canned) 


18 
2 

4 


Sugar . 

Miscellaneous grocery products 

Farm products (edible) - 


15 
67 

51 


Dairy, poultry products 


31 


Fruits, vegetables _ 

Dru^, chemicals, paints _. . 

Drugs, proprietaries, toiletries .. .. . 


20 

9 

5 
(D) 


Paints, varnishes, lacquers, aiamela 


(D) 



Standard Notes: (D) Withheld to avoid disclosure. (NA) Not available. n.e.c. Not elsewhere classified. XXX Not applicable. {Z) Less than $500 or less than 0.05 percent. 

. . . Represents zero. 

•Includes tobacco manufactures, lumber and products {except furniture), printing and publishing, coal products, and miscellaneous manufactures. 

^Entries for merchandise agents and brokers represent brokerage or conraisslon received. 



1-32 



WHOLESALE TRADE-SUMMARY STATISTICS 



Table ID. WHOLESALH TRADE: 1954-GEOGRAPHIC DIVISIONS. BY TYPE OF OPERATION AND KIND OF 

BUSINESS-Continued 
Establishments, Sales, Inventories, Operating Expenses, Payroll, and Personnel 



Geographic division, 
type of operation, and kind of business 



Estab- 
lish, 
ments 



Salfs 



Inventories, 

end of 

year, 

at cost 



Operating expenses 
(inc. payroll)" 



Amount 

(Sl.OOO) 



Per- 
cent 
of 

sales 



Payroll, 
entire year 



Payroll, 

workiveelt 

ended nearest 

Nov. IR 



Paid employees, workweek 
ended neatest- 



March 1.5 

(Niimben 



May 15 
(Nuinher) 



Aug, 15 
jNutnixrr) 



Nov. 15 
(Number) 



Active 
proprie- 
Ujrs of 
unincor- 
porated 
busi- 
nesses. 
Nov. 
i Number) 



WEST NORTH CENTRAL — Continued 



Type by Kiod of Business— Con. 
Merchandise agents, brokers — Con. 

Apparel (including fixitwear) - 

Clothing, furnishings (men's, women's) 

Men's, boys' clothing, furnishings 

Women's, cliildren's clothing, accessories. . . 

Furs (dressed), fur clothing 

Handbags- 

Millinery, millinery supplies 

Shoes, other footwear 

Work clothing- 



Dry goods, piece goods 

Hosiery . 

Dry goods. 

Piece goods . _ 

Furniture, home furnishings- 

Furniture 

Home furnishings 



Paper, allied products. -- . . . 

Paper . 

Stationery, office supplies.. 



Farm products (raw materials) 

Cotton 

Grain 

Hides, skins, raw furs. .- , . ... . 

Livestock .-- ._ . .. , 

Tobacco (leaf) 

Wool, mohair 

Miscellaneous inedible farm products 

Automotive - 

Electrical-electronic apparatus, equip., apph'ances . 

Electrical apparatus, supplies . 

Appliances, radios, "TV sets.- .. 
Electronic parts, equipment 

Hardware, plumbing-heating goods 

Hardware . ..... . 

Plumbing, heating goods 

Lumber, construction materials 

Limiber, millwork-- ... . .. 

Construction materials (except lumber) 

Machinery, equipment, supphes . 

Air conditioning, commercial refrigeration equipment. 

Commercial machines, equipment 

Construction machinery, equipment . . 

Farm-garden machinery, equipment . 

Industrial machinery, equipment, supplies. . . 

Professional equipment, supplies 

Service establishment equipment, supplies. . 

Transportation (exc. automotive) equip., supplies 



Metals, inetalwork (except scrap).. 

Iron, steel and products. . 

Xonferrous metals, raetalwork. . 



Other merchandise agents, brokera . 

Scrap iron and steel , _ 

Amusements, sporting goods, toys. - 

Books, magazines, newspapers 

Coal, coke- 

Farm supplies ,..- _ 

Jewelry - 

-Yams . ^ 

Petroleum and products 

General merchandise.. ._ 

Miscellaneous products, agents, brokers, n.e,c. 



Assemblers of farm products 
Dairy, poultry products. . 

Fresh fruits, vegetables 

Farm products (raw materials)... 

Farm supplies ... 

Other farm prijducta assemblers- 



721 
2 



134 
82 



131 

8 



39 
32 

7 

177 
3 



5,3<1 
927 



i,120 
199 



26,603 

(D) 

3,149 

8,290 
(D) 



59,305 
(D) 
(D) 

43,037 

19,552 
7,054 
12,498 

51,742 

50,111 

1,631 

3,753,177 

604,505 

8,599 

3,132,322 

(D) 

(D) 

3,655 

36,923 

103 ,674 
50,591 
21,095 
31,988 

52,748 
18,311 
34,437 

69,666 
60,939 
3,727 

116,815 
14,866 

3,414 
12,506 

2,607 
53,608 

1,311 
20,473 

8,030 

114,319 

104,713 

9,606 

172,697 

7,476 

9,845 

901 

23,226 

55,591 

(D) 

(D) 

17,963 

21,346 

36,093 

2,578,348 

344,856 

(D) 

2,150,371 

62,516 

(D) 



(D) 



(D) 



3 
(D) 
(D) 

3 

39 
28 



17 
18 

2,175 

779 

1,374 

(D) 

(D) 

2 

129 

256 

220 

12 

24 



252 

130 
122 



30 
45 
439 



1,130 

452 



337 
149 

(D) 
(D) 



183 

108,579 

5,654 

(D) 

96,246 

5,814 

(D) 



1,344 


5.1 


(D) 


(D) 


145 


4.6 


487 


5.9 


(D) 


(D) 


363 


4.4 


2,180 


h] 


(D) 


(D) 


(D) 


1,239 


2.9 


1,180 


6.0 


420 


6.0 


760 


6.1 


796 


1.5 


647 


1.3 


149 


9.1 


39,192 


1.0 


5,973 


1.0 


157 


1.8 


32,716 


1.0 


(D) 


(D) 


(D) 


(D) 


152 


4.2 


1,943 


5.3 


6,341 


6.1 


3,309 


6.5 


1,087 


5.2 


1,945 


6.1 


3,913 


7.4 


1,063 


5.8 


2,850 


8.3 


2,882 


4.1 


2,242 


3.7 


640 


7.3 


8,259 


7.1 


437 


2.9 


374 


11.0 


688 


5.5 


177 


6.8 


4,926 


9.2 


114 


8.7 


1,082 


5.3 


461 


5.7 


2,185 


1.9 


1,912 


1.8 


273 


2.8 


8,029 


4.6 


308 


4.1 


686 


7.0 


72 


8.0 


1,677 


7.2 


1,306 


2.3 


(D) 


(D) 


(D) 


(D) 


544 


3.0 


1,445 


6.8 


1,946 


5.4 


50,155 


5.8 


31,254 


9.1 


(D) 


(D) 


07,447 


5.0 


6,890 


11.0 


(D) 


(D) 



345 
(D) 
25 
80 

(D) 



69? 
(D) 
(D) 
403 

299 
118 
181 

374 
297 



19,321 

3,629 

41 
15,554 
(D) 
(D) 
52 

836 

2,361 
1,264 

437 
660 

1,431 

316 

1,165 

1,232 

1,006 

276 

3,270 
239 
148 
130 
81 
2,063 
46 
427 
136 

922 
811 
111 

3,796 
226 
172 
21 
889 
529 
(D) 
(D) 
328 
842 
779 

66,598 
14,880 

(D) 

46,798 

3,219 

(D) 



5,705 
(D) 
(Z) 

1,571 
(D) 



12,871 

(D) 

(D) 

7,688 

5,092 
2,205 
2,887 

7,370 
6,075 
1,295 

385,665 

69,602 
719 
313,843 
(D) 
(D) 
921 

15,006 

43,673 
23,636 
7,606 
12,431 

29,563 

5,932 

23,631 

24,862 
18,267 
6,595 

63,184 
4,035 
3,016 
2,388 
1,588 

39,707 

965 

8,897 

2,538 

16,438 
14,074 
2,364 

66,469 
4,132 
2,987 
(Z) 
13,473 
10,704 
' (D) 
(D) 
4,835 
16,105 
13,631 

1,257,060 

292,507 

(D) 

865,786 

63,825 

(D) 



losure. (NA I Not available, n.e.c. Not elsewhere clas,sified. XXX Not nppliinble, (/,) L<ss than ■li.'iOd or less than 0,05 iKTcenl. 



Standard Notes: (D) Withheld to avoid d 
. , . Represents zero. 
Entries for merchandise agents and brokers represent brokerage or coinnlaalon received. 



80 


87 


71 


77 




(D) 


(D) 


(D) 


(d! 




14 


13 


11 


12 




27 


24 


2? 


27 




(D) 


(D) 


(D) 


(D) 




13 


U 


U 


13 




}?^ 


fo^ 


Po! 


}g1 




(D) 


(D) 


(D) 


(d; 




61 


64 


66 


6? 




76 


73 


69 


36 




26 


33 


31 


35 




50 


45 


33 


51 




83 


34 


85 


93 




67 


67 


64 


7C 




16 


17 


21 


23 




10,206 


9,928 


9,933 


10,111 




689 


638 


704 


674 




9 


10 


8 


( 




9,489 


9,204 


9,192 


9,402 




(D) 


(D) 


(D) 


(d: 




(D) 


(D) 


(D) 


(d; 




U 


14 


14 


14 




152 


165 


165 


170 




380 


386 


390 


411 




218 


224 


228 


23C 




54 


53 


53 


71 




108 


109 


104 


110 




253 


267 


267 


277 




53 


57 


49 


57 




205 


210 


218 


220 




247 


246 


248 


265 




154 


159 


163 


181 




83 


87 


85 


34 




732 


794 


793 


806 




46 


47 


46 


49 




40 


41 


41 


40 




21 


20 


25 


22 




28 


29 


39 


36 




537 


547 


527 


545 




13 


12 


14 


14 




68 


68 


70 


69 




29 


30 


31 


31 




144 


144 


144 


141 




130 


129 


130 


127 




14 


15 


14 


14 




769 


773 


781 


772 




47 


55 


44 


45 




38 


36 


31 


34 




19 


17 


17 


14 




138 


123 


120 


118 




125 


128 


141 


141 




(D) 


(D) 


(D) 


(D) 




(D) 


(D) 


(D) 


(D) 




57 


59 


62 


58 




190 


193 


207 


199 




151 


158 


156 


157 




20,603 


20,976 


21,809 


22,677 




5,624 


5,923 


6,069 


6,373 




(D) 


(D) 


(D) 


(D) 




13,014 


13,348 


14,156 


U,326 




1,051 


1,063 


1,103 


1,097 




(D) 


(D) 


(D) 


(D) 





31 

(D) 



(D) 



(D) 



27 
13 



23 

5 

792 

(D) 

(D) 

3 



17 
6 



25 
22 
3 

120 
4 
16 
2 



CD) 
(D) 
8 
16 
41 

2,254 

830 
(D) 
1,196 
153 
(D) 



UNITED STATES SUMMARY 

Table ID. ^X'HOLESALE TRADE; 19M-GEOGRAPH1C DIVISIONS, BY TVPl OV OPERA HON AND KIND OE 

BUSINESS-Continued 
Establishments, Sales, Inventories, Operating Expenses, Riyroll, .ind Personnel 



1-33 



Geographic division, 
type of operation, and kind of business 



SOUTH ATLANTIC 



Wholesale trade, total . 



Type of Opeiatton 



Merchaol wholesalers 

Manufacturers' sales branches, sales offices 

Petroleum bulk plaols, termioals and LP gas fadltties. 

Merchandise agents, brokers - - 

Assemblers of farm products -- 

Type by Kind of Business 

Merchant wholesalers. 

Grocery, confectionery, meat wholesalere — 

Oneral-line grocery wholesalers 

Confectionery wholesalers — . . — 

Fish, sea food distributors 

Meat, meat products wholesalers . 
Specialty-line grocery wholesalers 



Farm products (edible) distributors 

Poultry, poultrj' products distributois.. 
Fresh fniit, vegetable tsholesalers 



Beer, wine, distilled spirits wholesalers. 

Beer, ale distributors - -. 

Wine, distilled spirits wholesalers 



Tobacco distributors. . 



Drugs, chemicals, allied products wholesalers... 

General-line drug wholesalers 

Specialty-line drug, toiletries wholesalers 

Industrial chemicals, explosives distributors.. 
Paint, varnish wholesalers 



Drj' goods, apparel wholesalers 

Clothing, furnishings, footwear wholesalers. 

General-line dry goods wholesalers . 

Specialty-line dry goods wholesalers 

Piece goods converters 



Furniture, home furnishings wholesalers 

Furniture (hoiisehold, office) wholesalei3 

Home fitmishings. floor coverings wholesaleis. . 



Paper, allied products wholesalers 

Coarse paper and products wholesalers. 

Printing and fine paper distributors 

Stationery, office supplies wholesalers- . 
Wallpaper wholesalers 



Farm products (raw materials) merchants. 



Automotive wholesalers 

Motor vehicle distributors. 

Automotive equipment, tire-tube wholesalers.. 



Electrical, electronics, appUance distributors 

Electrical apparatus, suppUes distributors 

Electrical apphance, radio, TV set wholesalere. 
Electronic parts, equipment distributors 



Hardware, plumbing-heating goods wholesalers 

Hardware wholesalers 

Plumbing, heating equipment, supplies distributors. 



Lumber, construction materials distributors.. 

Liunber, millwork wholesalers.. 

Construction materials distributors 



Machinery, equipment, supplies distributors. 

Air conditioning, conim. refrigeration equip., distrs. 

Commercial machines, equipment distributors . . 

Construction machinery, equipment dealers 

Farm-garden machinery, equipment wholesalers 

Industrial machinery, equipment distributors. 

Industrial materials, supplies distributors . 

Professional equipment, supplies distributors. 

Service establishment supply houses 

Transportation equipment distributors 



Metals, metalwork (except scrap) distributors.. 

Iron, steel and products distributors 

Nonfenx>u8 metals distributora. 



Scrap, waste materials dealers.. 

Iron, steel scrap dealers 

Waste materials dealers 



Other merchant wholesalers 

Amusement, sporting goods distributors 

Book, magazine, newspaper wholesalers 

Coal wholesalers 

Farm supplies wholesalers 

Jewelry wholesalers 

Petroleum products distributors 

Gift, art goods, greeting card wholesalers 

Flower, bulb, plant wholesalers 

-Miscellaneous products merchant wholesalers. 




17,375 
2,636 
3,014 
2,461 
816 

17,376 
2,805 
663 
323 
473 
365 
981 

1,115 
252 
863 

718 
581 
137 



568 
72 
233 
126 
137 

522 

261 

18 

238 

5 

410 
206 
204 

443 
230 

65 
136 

12 



2,001 

202 

1,799 

833 
355 
278 
200 

661 
239 
422 

1,251 
590 
661 

2,641 
231 
388 
198 
U4 
360 
325 
277 
597 
151 

193 
167 



693 

306 
387 

1,717 
192 
199 
72 
301 
124 
280 
63 
106 
380 



In^enloiies. 
end of 



Opofating cx[)en.* 
(inc. payioll)^ 



9,089,136 
6,284,311 
2,349,405 
3,488,218 
716,798 



9,089,136 
1,737,820 
993,586 
75,538 
108,141 
190,288 
370,267 

522,479 
144,924 
377,555 

602,415 
243,651 
358,764 

391,884 

316,051 

178,324 

50,867 

55,068 

31,792 

242,025 

118,063 

36,319 

86,241 

1,402 

156,243 
73,503 
82,740 

218,557 
128,588 
62,480 
26,322 
1,167 

726,502 

507,166 

91,248 

415,918 

747,240 

336,565 

352,197 

56,478 

523,090 
221,475 
301,615 

604,096 
342,494 
261,602 

911,782 
54,212 
62,480 

191,082 
66,718 

116,809 

176,077 
85,809 

122,048 
36,547 

113,035 
88,120 
24,915 

178,260 
62,595 
U5,665 

590,491 
52,597 
68,095 
41,677 

162,534 
26,705 
75,004 
U,936 
23,520 

138,423 



Amount 
< S 1 .001) I 



925,017 

192,779 

136,970 

13,187 

32,205 

925,017 
109,861 
74,940 
4,050 
4,293 
4,187 
22,391 

9,919 
2,471 
7,448 

56,030 
13,682 
42,348 

19,594 

35,523 

24,737 

4,524 

3,359 

2,903 

28,131 

11,758 

5,107 

11,057 

209 

19,186 
9,247 
9,939 

24,402 
14,862 
6,008 
3,296 
236 

109,643 

77,244 
7,546 
69,698 

93,983 

41,197 

43,734 

9,052 

90,424 
45,934 
44,490 

43,902 
27,235 
16,667 

129,805 
7,693 
6,626 
33,736 
9,425 
12,787 
28,169 
11,845 
14,262 
5,262 

18,823 
15,620 
3,203 

14,134 
6,320 

7,314 

44,413 

6,649 

3,750 

998 

11,855 

4,499 

2,423 

961 

979 

12,299 



1,267,528 
604,073 
225,450 
121,543 
94,593 

1,267,528 
185,303 
74,679 
9,141 
24,036 
22,452 
54,995 

69,924 
13,023 
66,901 

68,934 
38,668 
30,266 

25,846 

47,610 
23,494 
8,523 
8,471 
7,122 

34,826 

17,271 

5,436 



26,726 
14,295 
12,431 

38,818 
22,776 
8,726 
6,860 
456 

39,256 

117,354 

16,152 

101,202 

99,272 
41,250 
45,654 
12,368 

84,113 
39,581 
44,532 

110,568 
47,506 
63,062 

184,796 
13,421 
16,343 
31,192 

9,522 
23,634 
31,976 
21,423 
27,678 

9,607 

20,687 
17,424 
3,263 

35,055 
14,669 
20,386 

78,440 
9,833 
9,885 
4,018 

14,810 
4,991 
9,004 
2,356 
5,240 

18,303 



Pci- 

cent 

of 

^iles 



13.9 
8.0 
9.6 
3.5 

13.2 

13.9 
10.7 
7.5 
12.1 
22.2 
11.8 
14.9 

13.4 
9.0 

15.1 

11.4 
15.9 



6.6 

15.1 
13.2 
16.8 
15.4 
22.4 

14.4 
14,6 

15.0 
13.8 

17.0 

17.1 
19.4 

15.0 

17,8 
17.7 
14.0 
26.1 
39.1 

5.4 

23.1 
17.7 
24.3 

13.3 
12.3 
13,0 
21.1 

16.1 

17.9 
14.8 

18.3 
13.9 
24.1 

20.3 
24.8 
26.2 
16.3 
14,3 
20.2 
18.2 
25.0 
22.7 
26.3 

18.3 
19.8 
13.1 

19.7 
23.4 
17.6 

13.3 
18.7 
17.0 
9.6 
9.1 
18.7 
12.0 
19.7 
22.3 
13.2 




Payioll. 

woikweek 

ended nearest 

Nov. l.') 



Maich 1:1 
( Number I 



1,032,739 



674,809 

243,272 

73,913 

61,382 

39,363 

674,809 
97,769 
43,624 
4,986 
10,291 
11,026 
27,832 

31,678 
6,016 
26,663 

32,909 
16,684 
16,225 

15,054 

26,931 
14,236 
4,388 
4,540 
3,767 

17,074 
8,176 
3,239 
5,525 
134 

14,231 
7,534 
6,697 

23,371 

13,860 

5,362 

3,933 

216 

13,699 

69,359 
9,024 
60,335 

54,635 
23,434 
24,221 
6,980 

49,417 
24,261 
25,156 

55,871 
24,145 
31,726 

103,566 
7,401 
8,760 
18,288 
4,985 
13,146 
19,373 
12,Cf74 
14, 552 
4,987 

11,249 
9,609 
1,640 

18,147 
7,793 

10,354 

39,959 
5,062 
5,983 
1,515 
7,471 
2,765 
3,931 
1,268 
2,668 
9,296 



13,086,269 

4,777,850 

1,483,091 

1,101,273 

838,636 

13,086,269 
1,919,618 
815,667 
98,643 
224,394 
210,034 
670,880 

601,399 
123,042 
478,357 

616,178 
314,424 
301,754 

281,031 

498,107 
257,419 
86,438 
84,645 

69,606 

322,614 

152,996 

67,703 

98,646 

3,270 

275,759 
145,257 
130,502 

434,208 

258,734 

95,873 

75,667 

3,934 

291,550 

1,379,117 

185,070 

1,194,047 

1,078,093 
458,908 
483,027 
136,168 

898,542 
440,614 
467,928 

1,094,235 
456,350 
637,885 

2,066,096 
137,104 
174,115 
379,462 
100,486 
263,426 
391,365 
221,383 
281,084 
107,681 

218,403 
188,204 
30,199 

347,778 
166,093 
191,685 

773,541 
97,210 

111,346 
32,040 

143,921 
54,297 
77,973 
23,810 
50,677 

182,267 



Paiil employees, woikwc-ek 
ended nearest - 



r 






May l.'i 
iNumhcr) 



285,490 



182,181 
60,647 
19,373 
12,766 
20,623 

182,181 
31,732 
13,134 
1,637 
4,925 
3,231 
8,805 

11,668 
2,234 
9,434 

7,298 
4,203 
3,095 

4,134 

6,653 

3,606 

1,196 

949 

902 

4,344 

2,014 

866 

1,413 

51 

3,573 
1,824 
1,749 

5,396 
3,194 
1,117 
1,018 
66 

4,250 



12,678 
5,766 
5,243 
1,569 

11,762 
5,860 
5,902 

14,415 
6,273 
8,142 

24,097 
1,609 
2,088 
3,734 
1,207 
2,952 
4,663 
2,989 
3,701 
1,154 

2,588 

2,234 

354 

6,094 
2,662 
3,642 

12,620 
1,329 
2,225 

366 
2,624 

699 
1,166 

370 

873 
2,968 



131,568 
50,947 
19,099 
12,980 
18,588 

181,568 
31,226 
U,029 
1,650 
4,518 
3,233 
8,796 

11,203 
2,197 
9,006 

7,373 
4,313 
3,060 

4,113 

6,654 
3,674 

1,200 
976 
904 

4,313 

1,977 

862 

1,430 

54 

3,541 
1,805 
1,736 

5,364 

3,173 

1,127 

1,000 

64 

4,245 



Aug. l.i 
(NiimlHTi 



183,025 
50,903 
19,255 
18,190 
8,659 

183,025 
31,848 
13,073 
1,642 
4,719 
3,301 
9,113 

9,567 
2,293 
7,274 

7,440 
4,424 
3,016 

4,138 

6,640 

3,550 

1,207 

981 

902 

4,406 

1,995 

390 

1,461 

60 

3,643 
1,832 
1,811 

5,378 

3,212 

1,124 

981 

61 



12,518 
5,764 
5,157 
1,597 

11,922 
5,927 
5,995 

14,720 
6,307 
8,413 

24,342 
1,765 
2,073 
3,729 
1,217 
2,959 
4,677 
2,981 
3,721 
1,220 

2,657 

2,302 

355 

6,107 
2,597 

3,510 

12,198 
1,309 
2,078 

341 
2,479 

687 
1,136 

367 

866 
2,936 



Nov. l.'i 
(Number I 



Active 
proprie- 
tm-s of 
unincor- 
poiated 
biisi- 
ncKses, 
Nov. 
(NumtHT) 



18,980 19,072 19,167 
2,315 2,312 2,307 

16,665 16,760 16,860 



12,570 
5,743 
5,186 
1,641 

12,095 
6,004 
6,092 

15,111 
6,397 
3,714 

24,671 
1,820 
2,085 
3,782 
1,192 
3,235 
4,621 
3,049 
3,730 
1,157 

2,780 

2,412 

368 

5,344 
2,674 
3,670 

11,968 
1,416 
1,933 

324 
2,352 

708 
1,101 

375 

787 
2,967 



306,176 



191,967 
51,156 
20,948 
20,678 
21,427 

191,967 
33,599 
13,381 
1,707 
5,694 
3,392 
9,425 

11,752 
2,519 
9,233 

7,795 
4,611 
3,186 

4,206 

6,811 
3,602 
1,211 
1,062 
936 

4,564 

2,030 

897 

1,569 

68 

3,781 
1,935 
1,846 

6,472 
3,226 
1,132 
1,056 
58 

6,895 



2,027 

2,028 

449 

10,416 
2,061 
341 
270 
401 
352 
697 

972 
189 
783 

430 
359 

71 



419 

230 

10 

178 



210 
107 
103 

210 
ILJ 



19,650 


1,123 


2,340 


113 


17,310 


1,010 


12,619 


232 


5,7U 


83 


5,193 


60 


1,713 


89 


12,265 


205 


6,029 


78 


6,236 


127 


15,576 


631 


6,745 


313 


8,831 


318 


24,778 


1,360 


1,741 


112 


2,275 


258 


3,873 


67 


1,202 


66 


3,045 


177 


4,677 


134 


2,963 


134 


3,850 


357 


1,152 


55 


2,916 


71 


2,531 


56 


385 


15 


6,648 


570 


2,841 


257 


3,807 


313 


12,638 


1,046 


1,501 


131 


1,936 


119 


370 


27 


2,560 


143 


768 


99 


1,211 


188 


422 


50 


832 


77 


3,039 


212 



Standard Notes: (D) Withheld to avoid disclosure. (NA) Not available, n.e.c. 
Represents zero. 

^Entries for merchandise agents and brokers represent brokerage or conmission received 



Not elsewhere classified. XXX Not applicable, f Z» Less than $.W0 or lesA than 0.05 percent. 



1-34 



WHOLESALE TRADE-SUMMARY STATISTICS 



Table ID. WHOLESALE TRADE: 1954-GEOGRAPHIC DIVISIONS, BY TYPE OF OPERATION AND KIND OF 

BUSINESS-Continued 
Establishments, Sales, Inventories, Operating Expenses, Payroll, and Personnel 



Geographic division, 
type of operatioT), and kind of business 



Estab- 
lish- 
ments 



Inventories, 

end of 

year, 

at cost 



Operating expenses 

(inc. payroll)" 



Amount 
ttl.QOO) 



Per- 
cent 
of 
sales 



Payroll, 
entire year 



Payroll, 

workweek 

ended nearest 

Nov. 15 



Paid employees, workweek 
ended nearest- 



March 15 
(Number) 



May 15 
(Number) 



Aug. 15 
(Number) 



Nov. 15 
( N umber ) 



Active 
proprie- 
tors of 
unincor- 
porated 

busi- 
nesses, 

Nov. 
(Number) 



SOUTH ATLANTIC — Continued 



Type by Kiod of Business— Coo. 



Manufacturers' sales branches, sales offices- 
Sales branches (with stocka) 

Sales offices (without stocks) 



Food and kindred products .... 
Sales branches (with stocka) . . 
Sates ofiUces (without stocka) . 



Textile mill products 

Sales branches (with stocks) . . 
Sales offices (without stocks). 



Apparel and related pnaducta. . . 
Sales branches (with stocka) . . 
Sales offices (without stocks) . 



Furniture and fixtures 

Sales branches (with stocks) . . 
Sales offices (without stocks). 



Paper and alUed products 

Sales branches (with stocks).. 
Sales offices (without stocks).. 

Chemicals and allied products.. 
Sales branches (with stocks).. 
Sales offices (without stocks).. 



Rubber products 

Sales branches (with stocks) . . 
Sales offices (without stocks).. 



Leather and leather products 

Sales branches (ivith stocks) . . 
Sales offices (without stocks).. 

Stone, clay, and glass products.. 
Sales branches (with stocks) . . 
Sales offices (without stocks).. 



Primary metal products 

Sales branches (with stocks). . 
Sales offices (without stocks). 



Fabricated metal products 

Sales branches (with stocks).. 
Sales offices (without stocks). 

Machinery (except electrical) . . . 
Sales branches (with stocks) . . 
Sales offices (without stocks). 



Electrical machinery 

Sales branches (with stocks) . . 
Sales offices (without stocks). 



Transportation equipment 

Sales branches (with stocks) 

Sales offices (without stocka) 

Instruments and related products. 

Sales branches (with stocks) . 

Sales offices (without stacks)... 



Other manufactiirers' products*. 
Sales branches (with stocks) . . 
Sales offices (without stocks).. 



Petroleum bulk plaou, termjoals aod LP gas facilities. 

OasiiUne, distillates, residuals.. 

Bulk plants , 

Distributing terminals 

Wholesale LP gas facilities 



Merchandise agents, brokers. . . 

Grt)cery, confectionery, meats 

Groceries (combination of food lines). 

Canned foods 

Coffee, tea, spices 

Confectionery 

Flour 

Meats, provisions (except canned) 

Sugar - 

Miscellaneous grocery products 



Farm products (edible) 

Dairy, pijultry pnKluctA. , 
Fruits, vegetables 



Drugs, chemicals, paints . 

Drugs, proprietaries, toiletries.. . 

Chemicals, explosives 

Paints, varnishes, lacquers, enamels.. 



2,636 

1,819 

817 

686 
542 
IV, 



240 
164 
76 



78 
17 
61 

121 
67 
54 

634 
478 
156 

163 
83 



109 
93 



132 
117 



188 
90 
98 

3,014 

2,911 

2,684 

227 

103 

2,461 
427 



6,284,311 
3,285,704 
2,998,607 

1,345,719 
982,456 
363,263 

141,792 
34,961 
106,831 

31,179 
11,559 
19,620 

(D) 
22,015 

(D) 

71,035 
(D) 
(D) 

1,237,479 
349,233 
888,246 

180,988 

171,719 

9,269 

(D) 
(D) 



207,754 

55,606 

152,148 

438,294 

33,788 

404,506 

284,846 
63 ,675 
221,171 

523,512 
373,769 
149,743 

404,578 
283,422 
121,156 

978,281 
753,918 
224,363 



53,420 
17,478 

344,534 
80,531 
264,003 

2,349,405 

2,324,437 

1,399,866 

924,571 

24,968 

3,488,218 

708,606 

107,613 

341,278 

(D) 

(D) 

1,922 

5,408 

126,791 

92,219 

.•!95,244 
81,400 
213,844 

23,444 
9,147 

10,740 
3,557 



192,779 
192,779 



30,122 
30,122 



1,697 
1,697 



1,265 
1,265 



(D) 
1,538 

(D) 

526 

(D) 
(D) 

17,045 
17,045 



12,539 
12,539 



5,609 
5,609 



,595 
,595 



5,799 
5,799 



45,630 
45,630 



17,090 
17,090 



37,913 
37,913 



4,068 
4,068 



,309 
,309 



136,970 

135,536 

59,017 

76,519 

1,434 

13,187 

1,247 

208 

849 

(D) 
(D) 



271 
115 
156 



504,073 
363,819 
140,254 

126, U8 
101,252 
24,886 

6,414 
3,396 
3,018 

1,514 
942 
572 

(D) 
2,569 

(D) 

5,610 
(D) 
(D) 

100,050 
44,095 
55,955 

16,208 

15,423 

785 

(D) 
(D) 



15,977 

10,406 

5,571 

11,317 
2,600 
8,717 

14,547 
9,131 
5,416 

85,081 
74,300 
10,781 

37,065 
32,536 
4,529 

44,883 

41,670 
3,213 

14,583 
12,738 
1,845 

21,682 
11,766 
9,916 

225,450 
217,588 
148 ,741 
68,847 
7,862 

121,543 

17,954 

3,275 

8,913 

(D) 

(D) 

51 

167 

1,144 

3,299 

12,487 
1,521 
10,966 

1,648 
591 

787 
270 



8.0 
11.1 
4.7 

9.4 
10.3 
6.9 

4.5 
9.7 
2.8 

4.9 
8.1 
2.9 

(D) 

U.7 

(D) 

7.9 

(D) 
(D) 

8.1 
12.6 
6.3 

9.0 
9.0 
8.5 

(D) 
(D) 



7.7 
18.7 
3.7 

2.6 
7.7 
2.2 

5.1 
14.3 
2.4 

16.3 
19.9 



9.2 
11.5 
3.7 

4.6 
5.5 
1.4 

20.6 
23.8 
10.6 

6.3 
14.6 
3.8 

9.6 
9.4 

10.6 
7.4 

31.5 

3.5 
2.5 
3.0 
2.6 
(D) 
(D) 
2.7 
3.1 
.9 
3.6 

4.2 
1.9 
5.1 

7.0 
6.5 
7.3 
7.6 



243,272 

183,031 

60,241 

57,969 
47,880 
10,089 

3,293 

2,817 

476 

765 
466 
299 

(D) 

1,488 

(D) 

2,130 
(D) 
(D) 

37,306 
16,658 
20,648 

6,460 
6,190 



(D) 
(D) 



8,120 
5,292 
2,828 

5,114 
1,086 
4,028 

7,606 
4,938 
2,668 

55,885 
48,980 
6,905 

16,554 
13,735 
2,819 

20,531 
18,784 
1,747 

8,198 

7,520 

678 

11,605 
6,754 
4,851 

73,913 
70,208 
45,U0 
25,098 
3,705 

51,382 

8,407 

1,384 

4,712 

(D) 

(D) 

18 

95 

563 

1,259 

4,707 

580 

4,127 

694 
283 
31S 
M 



4,777,850 
3,648,878 
1,128,972 

1,108,101 
916,547 
191,554 

63,236 
52,898 
10,338 

13,442 
7,577 
5,865 

(D) 
26,096 

(D) 

40,?73 
(D) 
(D) 

676,655 
313,425 
363,230 

133,681 

128,344 

5,337 

(D) 
(D) 



170,375 

U9,139 

51,236 

102,162 
20,570 
81,592 

142 ,301 
87,420 
54,881 

1,142,176 

1,006,039 

136,137 

325,473 

270,183 

55,290 

404,071 
372,850 
31,221 

163,090 
150,196 
12,894 

261,153 
168,338 
.92,815 

1,483,091 

1,408,529 

900,666 

507,863 

74,562 

1,101,273 

157,065 

25,256 

91,306 

(D) 

(D) 

(Z) 

750 

9,294 

22,670 

102,932 
11,550 
91,382 

15,126 
5,246 
7,439 
2,441 



50,547 
40,393 
10,154 

14,767 
12,546 
2,221 

604 
531 

73 

118 
83 
35 

(D) 
321 
(D) 

452 

(D) 
(D) 

6,277 
3,478 
2,799 

1,313 

1,256 

57 

(D) 
(D) 



1,686 

1,227 

459 

895 
274 
621 

1,467 

1,044 

423 

10,640 
9,395 
1,245 

2,957 

2,522 

435 

4,467 

4,162 

305 



1,771 
U8 

2,648 

1,658 

990 

19,373 

18,386 

12,679 

5,707 

987 

12,766 

2,029 

346 

1.103 

(D) 

(D) 

6 

16 

170 

300 

1,814 

147 

1,667 



50,947 
40,799 
10,148 

14,828 

12,564 

2,264 

602 
536 
66 

124 
89 
35 

(D) 
318 
(D) 

423 
(D) 
(D) 

6,310 
3,499 
2,8U 

1,319 

1,263 

56 

(D) 
(D) 



1,691 

1,235 

456 

904 
287 
617 

1,608 

1,174 

434 

10,721 
9,509 
1,212 

3,024 
2,584 



4,337 

4,055 

282 

1,977 

1,860 

117 

2,724 
1,717 
1,007 

19,099 

18,134 

12,485 

5,649 

965 

12,980 

2,021 

350 

1,107 

(0) 

(D) 

6 

17 

157 

297 

1,700 

159 

1,541 

177 
69 
85 
23 



50,903 
40,628 
10,275 

14,548 
12,203 
2,345 

570 
496 



(D) 
314 
(D) 

423 
(D) 
(D) 

6,392 
3,502 
2,890 

1,323 

1,264 

59 

(D 

(D) 



1,755 

1,287 

468 



254 
626 

1,653 

1,218 

435 

10,780 
9,576 
1,204 

3,109 

2,667 

442 

4,252 

3,992 

260 

2,005 

1,885 

120 

2,758 

1,791 

967 

19,255 

18,308 

12,639 

5,669 

947 

18,190 

2,0U 

349 

1,136 

(D) 

(D) 

7 

17 

155 

293 

1,113 
148 
965 

158 
74 
64 
20 



51,156 
40,891 
10,265 

14,435 
12,218 
2,217 

620 
551 
69 



(D) 
325 

(D) 

444 
(D) 
(D) 

6,444 
3,550 
2,894 

1,332 

1,279 

53 

(D) 
(D) 



1,801 

1,331 

470 



258 
630 

1,496 

1,062 

434 

10,979 
9,725 
1,254 

3,084 

2,641 

443 

4,366 

4,109 
257 

1,992 

1,873 
U9 

2,803 
1,771 
1,032 

20,948 
19,928 
13,263 
6,665 
1,020 

20,678 

2,105 

367 

1,141 
(D) 
(D) 
7 
16 
151 
333 

1,762 

161 

1,601 

184 
72 
87 
25 



(D) 
(D) 



(D) 
(D) 



(D) 
(D) 



2,027 

2,003 

1,995 

8 

24 

2,028 
363 

57 
170 
(D) 
(D) 
1 
4 
29 
86 

136 

30 
106 

36 
10 
18 



Standard Notes: (D) Withheld to avoid disclosure. (NA I Not available, n.e.c. Not elsewhere classified. XXX Not applicable. (Z) Less than $.500 or lets than O.O.'i percent. 
. . . ftepresents zero. 

•Includes tobacco manufactures, lumber and products (except fumitute), printing and publishing, coal products, and miscellaneous manufaclutes. 
Entries for merchandise agents and brokers represent brokerage or commission received. 



UNITED STATES SUMMARY 



1-35 



Table ID. WHOLESALE TRADE; 1954-GEOGRAPHIC DIVISIONS, BY TYPE OF OPERATION AND KIND OF 

BUSINESS-Continued 
Establishments, Sales, Inventories, Operating Expenses, Payroll, and Personnel 





Estab. 
lish. 
menLs 

(Number 


Sales 
($1,000) 


Inventories. 

end of 

yeai. 

at cost 

(tl,000) 


Operating eitpenses 
(inc. payroll)' 


PayroL, 
entire year 

($1,000) 


Payroll, 

workweek 

ended nearest 

Nov. 1,5 

(Dollars) 


Paid employees, workweek 
entled nearest- 


Active 
proprie- 
tors of 


Geographic division, 
type of operation, and kind of business 


Amount 
($1.0001 


Per- 
cent 
of 
sales 


March 15 
(Number) 


May 15 

(Numtjer) 


Aug. 15 
(Number) 


Nov. 15 
(Number) 


porated 
busi- 
nesses, 
Nov. 
(Number) 


SOUTH ATLANTIC — Continued 

Type by Kiod of Business— Con. 
Merchandise agents, brokers— Con. 


43 
11 
8 
13 

2 

6 

3 

48 

13 
11 
24 

66 
43 
23 

30 
18 

12 

604 

56 

13 

2 

201 

325 

2 

5 

43 

138 
78 
16 

44 

95 
29 
66 

123 
65 
58 

295 
24 
27 
14 
6 
169 
7 
27 
21 

32 
25 
7 

275 

1 

15 

6 

52 

30 

4 

27 

26 

40 

74 

816 
107 
344 
346 
16 
3 


33,186 
10,625 
9,378 
4,246 

(D) 

(D) 
5,546 

124,474 
14,520 
34,825 
75,129 

58,314 
46,224 
12,090 

34,913 
27, 5U 
7,402 

1,300,039 

221,284 

31,031 

(D) 

292,250 

705,063 

(D) 

39,169 

51,736 

106,047 
58,739 
11,398 
35,910 

63,143 
25,813 
37,330 

87,121 
39,294 
47,827 

187,421 
13,174 
9,669 
12,087 
1,158 
102,126 
1,245 
15,834 
32,128 

25,214 
13,618 
11,596 

389,316 

(D) 

7,419 

3,993 

U3,607 

47,635 

(D) 

51,146 

26,722 

54,857 

61,472 

716,798 

62,050 

227,706 

421,924 

3,909 

1,209 


35 

3 
32 

(D) 
(D) 

13 
13 

118 

115 

3 

13 

13 

8,179 
429 
46 
(C) 
223 

7,481 
(D) 

162 

1,019 

996 

7 

16 

150 
56 
94 

167 
77 
90 

955 
17 

136 
38 
70 

441 
12 

204 
37 

10 
10 

744 

(D) 

3 

113 

55 

109 

(D) 

3 

31 
252 
178 

32,205 

651 

5,133 

26,048 
257 
116 


1,309 
425 
270 
251 

(D) 

(D) 
168 

5,583 

770 

2,136 

2,677 

3,460 

2,620 

840 

1,357 
944 
4U 

30,690 

1,666 

404 

(D) 

6,041 

22,234 

(D) 

175 

2,016 

6,697 

3,578 

743 

2,376 

4,254 
1,494 
2,760 

4,831 
1,999 
2,832 

12,772 

1,121 

1,094 

749 

145 

7,638 

123 

955 

947 

1,139 
571 
568 

15,346 

(D) 

623 

346 

5,713 

1,U5 

(D) 

1,541 

589 

2,500 

2,744 

94, 593 

5,566 

64,412 

23,701 

597 

317 


3.9 
4.0 
2.9 
5.9 

(D) 

(D) 
3.0 

4.5 
5.3 
6.1 
3.6 

5.9 
5.7 
6.9 

3.9 
3.4 
5.6 

2.4 
.8 
1.3 
(D) 
2.1 
3.2 
(D) 
.4 

3.9 

6.3 
6.1 
6.5 
6.6 

6.7 
5.8 
7.4 

5.5 
5.1 
5.9 

6.8 
6.5 

U.3 
6.2 

12.5 
7.5 
9.9 
6.0 
2.9 

4.5 
4.2 
4.9 

3.9 
(D) 
8.4 
8.7 
4.3 
2.3 
(D) 
3.0 
2.2 
4.6 
4.5 

13.2 
9.0 

28.3 
5.6 

15.3 

26.2 


508 
202 
179 
43 

(D) 

(D) 
45 

1,982 
343 
648 
991 

1,525 

1,244 

281 

565 
393 
172 

13,391 
644 
145 
(D) 
2,920 
9,612 
(D) 
26 

378 

2,649 

1,382 

313 

954 

1,549 

462 

1,087 

1,992 

790 

1,202 

5,602 

449 

513 

284 

50 

3,280 

53 

597 

376 

397 
207 
190 

6,536 
(D) 
192 
124 

2,690 
488 
(0) 
317 
281 

1,219 

1,170 

39,363 
2,325 
26,572 
9,966 
282 
218 


9,208 

3,822 

3,031 

761 

I'd] 

(D) 
1,053 

31,909 
7,742 
U,820 
12,347 

43,243 
37,199 
6,044 

9,071 
6,583 
2,488 

359,252 
13,492 
2,290 

(D) 
61,873 
280,235 

(D) 
(2) 

16,541 

. 52,659 
26,694 
6,215 
19,750 

27,824 
7,724 
20,100 

37,576 
16,152 
21,424 

107,433 
9,597 
10,829 
5,261 
1,606 
61,967 
1,086 
9,842 
7,245 

6,568 
3,094 
3,474 

124,866 

(D) 

4,037 

2,253 

49,866 

8,934 

(D) 

6,055 

5,785 

26,303 

20,389 

838,636 
45,291 
556,368 
226,178 
5,253 
5,546 


108 
42 
22 
16 

(D) 

(D) 
14 

344 
84 
151 

109 

324 
275 
49 

85 
55 
30 

3,864 
158 
28 

(0) 

2,665 

990 

(D) 
10 

202 

457 
249 
61 
147 

263 
81 
182 

425 
197 
228 

1,227 
274 
124 
46 
14 
595 
21 
81 
72 

66 
42 
24 

1,377 
(D) 
39 
49 
481 
126 
(D) 
70 
82 
257 
258 

20,623 

755 

15,574 

4,136 

108 

50 


100 
39 
22 
15 

(i) 

(D) 
14 

354 
90 
155 
109 

318 
273 
45 

86 

55 
31 

3,937 
155 
27 
(0) 
2,699 
1,034 
(D) 
10 

207 

465 

253 

59 

153 

260 
83 

177 

429 
208 
221 

1,499 
576 
129 
46 
17 
558 
21 
83 
69 

69 
44 
25 

1,358 

(D) 
40 
49 
466 
124 
(0) 
71 
82 
250 
263 

18,588 

766 

14,116 

3,563 

lCf7 

36 


107 
47 
21 
16 

Co) 

(D) 
14 

352 
102 
147 
103 

337 
288 
49 

84 
53 
31 

9,656 
175 
29 
(D) 
3,007 
6,423 
(D) 
10 

203 

477 

260 

57 

160 

260 
81 
179 

429 
214 
215 

1,503 
578 
127 
42 
15 
566 
19 
86 
70 

70 
44 
26 

1,397 
(D) 
43 
53 
469 
123 
(D) 
76 
83 
273 
263 

8,659 

808 

4,194 

3,520 

101 

36 


107 
40 
31 
14 

(ii) 

(D) 
14 

381 
107 
170 
104 

353 

301 

52 

85 
52 
33 

U,657 
187 
25 
(D) 
2,776 
8,647 
(D) 
10 

199 

489 

267 

58 

164 

273 
89 
184 

471 
225 
246 

1,006 
38 
130 
44 
12 
563 
19 
82 
68 

69 
44 
25 

1.537 

(D) 
44 
49 
522 
161 
(D) 
72 
87 
281 
309 

21,427 

812 

15,043 

5,375 

97 

100 


29 




7 




3 


Women's, children's clothing, accesaoriea . 


13 


Fiirs (dressed l.fiir clothing 




Handbags. 


(D) 








(D) 




3 




17 




7 




3 




7 


Furniture, home furnishings 

Furniture . ... .... 

Home fiimishings .. . 


76 
48 
28 

11 


Paper 


5 


Staticinery, office supplies 

Farm products (raw materials) _ 


6 
637 




42 


Grain i__i . 

Hides, skins, raw fure 

Livestock _ _. .. 

Tobacco Oeaf)._ 


10 
(D) 
143 
430 


Wool, mohair,. i 


(0) 




8 


Automotive 


32 




106 


Electrical apparatus, supplies . 


58 
16 




32 


Hardware, pltuiibing-heating gdoda . . . . 

Hardware . ....... 

Plumbing, heating goods . . . . . . ... .... 


79 
27 
52 

90 


Lumber, millwork 


53 
37 


Machinery, equipment, suppUes. . 


226 


Commercial machines, eqiiipment. _ 

Construction machinery, equipment 


22 
25 
11 


Farm-garden machinery, eqiiipment 


2 


Industrial machinery, equipment, supplies 

Professional equipment, suppUes 

Service establishment eqiiipment, supplies 


130 
2 
19 


Transportation (exc. automotive) equip., suppUes . . 

Metals, metalwork (except scrap),.. . 


15 
23 


Iron, steel and products. 


18 


Nonferrous metals, metalwork 

Other merchandise agents, broken 

Scrap iron and steel 


5 

167 
CD) 


Amusements, sporting goods, toys 


19 


Books, magazines, newspapeis 

Coal, coke 

Farm supplies 

Jewelry ... J 

Yams _ _...;.... 

Petroleum and products . 


5 
15 
19 
(D) 
23 
17 


General merchandise ._ 


24 


Miscellaneous products, agents, brokers, n.e.c ... 

Assemblers of farm prodacu 


40 
449 




179 


Farm products (raw malerials).- _ 

Farm supplies... 


206 
10 







Standard Notes: (D) Withheld to avoid disclosure. 
- - . Represents zero. 

Entries for merchandise agents and brokers represent brokerage or commission received. 



(NA) Not available, n.e.c. Not elsewhere classified. XXX Not applicable. (Z) Less than $500 or less than 0.05 percent. 



1-36 WHOLESALE TRADE-SUMMARY STATISTICS 

Table ID. WHOLESALE TRADE: 19^4-GEOGRAPHIC DIVISIONS. BY TYPE OF OPERATION AND KIND OF 

BUSINESS-Continued 
Establishments, Sales, Inventories, Operating Expenses, Payroll, and Personnel 



Geographic division, 
type of operation, and kind of business 



Estab- 
lish- 
ments 



Inventories. 

end of 

year. 

at cost 



Operating expenses 
{inc. payroll)^ 



Amount 
($1.000) 



Per. 
cent 
of 



Payroll, 
entire year 



Pa.vroll. 

workweek 

ended nearest 

Nov, l.^i 



Paid employees, workweek 
eniied nearest- 



March 15 
jNumii^r) 



May 15 

(Number) 



Aug. 15 
(Number) 



Nov. 15 
(Number) 



proprie- 
tors of 
unincor- 
porated 
busi- 
nesses, 
Nov. 
(Number) 



EAST SOUTH CENTRAI. 



Wholesale trade, total . 



Type of OperauoD 



Mercbatit wholesalers -. 

Manufacturers' sales branches, safes offices . 

Petroleum bulk plants, tertntaals and LP gas &dlities.. 

Mercbaodise agents, brokers ._ 

Assemblers of farm products - -. -- 



Type by Kind of BosiDess 

Merdbani wholesalers. _. 

Grocery, confectionery, meat wholesalers. . 

General-line grocery wholesalers 

Confectionery wholesalers . 

Fish . sea food distributors 

Meat, meat products wholesalers _ 
Specialty-line grocery wholesalers. - 



Farm products (edible) distributors 

Poultry, poultry products distributors-. 
Fresh fruit, vegetable wholesalers. 



Beer, wine, distilled spirits wholesalers. 
Beer, ale distributors 

Wine, distilled spirits wholesalers 



Tobacco distributors - 

Drugs, chemicals, allied products wholesalers. . . 
General-line drug wholesalers 

Specialty-line drug, toiletries whole-salers 

Industrial chemicals, e-xplosives distributois. 
Paint, varnish wholesalers. 



Dry goods, apparel wholesalers 

Clothing, furnishings, footwear wholesalers- 

General-line dry goods wholesalers 

Specialty-line (fry goods wholesalers 

Piece goods converters 



Furniture, home furnishings wholesalers 

Furniture (household, office) wholesalers 

Home furnishings, floor coverings wholesalers.. 



Paper, allied products wholesalers 

Coarse paper and products wholesalers. 

Printing and fine paper distributors 

Stationery, office supplies wholeaaleis. . . 
Wallpaper wholesalers 



Farm products (raw materials) merchants. 



Automotive wholesalers 

Motor vehicle distributors 

Automotive equipment, tire-tube wholesalers- 



Electrical, electronics, apphance distributors. 

Electrical apparatus, supplies distributors 

Electrical apphsice, radio, TV set wholesalers. . 
Electronic parts, equipment distributors 



Hardware, plumbing-heating goods wholesalers 

Hardware wholesalers -.. 

Plumbing, heating equipment, supplies distributoiB. 



Lumber, construction materials distributors.. 

Lumber, millwork wholesalers 

Construction materials distributors 



Machinery, equipment, supplies distributors 

Air conditioning, comm. refrigeration equip., distrs. 

Commercial machines, equipment dLstributors . . 

Construction machinery, equipment dealers. . 

Farm-garden machinery, equipment wholesalers 
Industrial machinery, equipment distributors. 

Industrial materials, supplies disti-ibutors 

Professional equipment, suppUes distributors 

Service establishment supply houses 

Transportation equipment distributors- 



Metals, metalwork (except scrap) distributors.. 

Iron, steel and products distribut/irs 

Nonferrous metals distributors 



Scrap, waste materials dealers.. 
Iron, steel .scrap dealers. . . . 
Waste materials dealers. ... 



Other merchant wholesalers . . 

Amusement, sporting goods distributors. 

Book, maguitine, newspaper wholesalers 

C'tal whijiesalers 

Farm HU|)plics wholesalers. 

Jewelry wholesalers 

Petroleum products distributors 

Gift, art gnuds, greeting card wholesalers 
Flower, biilb, plant wholesalers... 
Miscellaneous products merchant wholesalers. . . 

Standard Notes: (D) Withheld to avoid disclosure. 
. . . Represents zero. 



7,161 

905 

1,657 

1,205 

350 



7,161 
1,051 
352 
142 
55 
132 
370 

473 
133 
340 

319 
242 



221 
25 
106 



224 
113 
18 



128 
82 
46 



305 
114 
114 



543 
296 
247 

1,038 
89 
137 
105 
51 
175 
122 
104 
234 
21 



266 

161 
105 

759 

78 



122 
12 
45 

174 



4,773,066 
2,164,754 

924,225 
1,963,967 

437,525 



4,773,066 
861,935 
632,577 
28, 575 
12,691 
59,890 
128,202 

169, 542 
37,695 

131,847 

198,965 
94, 194 
104,771 

159,312 

110,893 

65,454 

23,868 

17,195 

4,376 

100,673 
42,148 
41,168 
17,357 



33,748 
20,873 
12,875 

79,014 
48,070 
22,559 

(D) 
(D) 



211,833 
39,887 
171,946 

297,676 
125,356 
155,969 
16,351 

301,748 
224,224 
77,524 

265,026 
160,908 
104,118 

409,309 
18,664 
26,220 

117,181 
33,256 
65,878 
70,083 
32,311 
39,508 
6,208 

58,640 
54,884 
3,956 

67,409 
44,806 
22,603 

338,124 
20,346 
18,926 
42,804 

101,707 
8,061 
47,121 
1,719 
10,093 
87,347 



656,981 
68,140 
49, 126 
6,544 
26,695 



656,981 
60,808 
49,042 
1,566 
1,048 
1,411 
7,741 

3,954 

662 

3,292 

18,758 
4,272 
14,486 

6,922 

14,654 

10,570 

2,142 

1,302 

640 

14,950 
6,446 
5,945 
2,559 



4,772 
2,941 
1,831 

10,962 

6,798 

2,608 

(D) 

(0) 

276,409 

34,890 
3,138 
31,752 

35,123 
14,858 
17,576 
2,689 

52,840 
41,864 
10,976 

16,444 
9,925 
6,519 



68 

3, 

3 
26 

4 

9 
10, 



9,898 

9,534 

364 

5,190 
3,377 
1,813 



(NA) Not available. 



21,876 
3,481 
1,374 

217 
8,638 
1,498 
1,163 

161 

73) 
4,614 

Not elsewhere classified 



545,260 
161,655 
82,722 
60,043 
16,751 



545,260 
77,530 
44,569 
3,095 
2,496 
7,335 
20,035 

22,969 
4,326 

18,643 

23,829 
15,277 
8,552 

9,261 

17,932 
8,804 
5,003 
3,072 
1,053 

13,915 

6,101 
5,020 
2,794 



6,951 
4,646 
2,305 

13,970 
8,728 
2,742 

(r>) 

(D) 

38,216 

47,846 
6,931 
40,915 

37,816 
14,612 
19,869 
3,335 

47,131 
35,768 
11,363 

44,045 
17,803 
26,242 

83,305 
5,166 
6,707 

24,225 
4,958 

11,121 

12,321 
7,826 
9,963 
1,018 

9,016 
8,596 



13,642 

8,502 
5,140 



37,886 
4,170 
3,406 
3,285 
9,171 
1,863 
4,795 
495 
2,414 
8,287 



11.4 
7.5 
9.0 
3.1 
3.8 



11.4 
9.0 
7.0 
10.8 
19.7 
12.2 
15.6 

13.5 
11.5 
14.1 

12.0 
16.2 
8.2 



16.2 
13.5 
21.0 
17.9 
24.1 

13.8 
14.5 
12.2 
16.1 



17.9 

17.7 

18.2 

12.2 

(D) 

(D) 

3.4 

22.5 
17.4 
23.8 

12.7 
11.7 
12.7 

20.4 

15.6 
16.0 

14.7 

15.5 
11.1 
25.2 

20.4 
27.7 
25.6 
20.7 
14.9 
16.9 
17.6 
24.2 
25.2 
15.4 

15.3 
15.7 
10.6 

20.2 
19.0 
22.7 

11.2 
20.5 
18. T 
7.7 
9.0 
23.1 
10.2 
28.8 
23.9 
9.5 



288,664 
78,671 
26,454 
20,024 
7,102 



288,664 
42,722 
26,485 
1,627 
1,050 
3,718 
9,842 

10,012 
1,675 
8,337 

11,093 
6,550 
4,543 

5,350 

9,554 
5,496 
2,173 
1,373 
512 

7,463 
2,906 
3,135 
1,422 



3,657 
2,386 
1,271 

8,287 

5,248 

1,589 

(1) 

(D) 

13,755 

27,832 
3,495 
24.337 

21,410 
8,057 

11,503 
1,850 

29,704 
23,504 
6,200 

21,644 
8,805 
12,839 

46,262 
2,771 
3,482 

13,688 
2,527 
5,074 
7,411 
4,720 
5,005 
584 

4,990 

4,779 

211 

7,263 
4,431 
2,832 

17,666 
2,177 
1,981 
1,305 
4,153 

878 
1,657 

217 
1,190 
4,108 



8,208,129 

5,560,393 

1,589,161 

514,171 

417,346 

127,058 



1,560,393 
802,423 
489,337 
31,959 
22,276 
71,475 
187,376 

193,787 
32,743 

161,044 

214,069 
117,201 
96,868 

97,191 

184,588 

101,720 

43,647 

28,778 

10, U3 

140,514 
54, 501 
58,787 
27,226 



71,207 
43,896 
22,311 

163,528 

105,218 

29,143 

(0) 

(D) 

267,090 

541,154 

67, 541 

473,613 

402,931 
146,494 
217,175 
39,262 

589,164 
475,792 
113,372 

436,480 
178,267 
258,213 

882,977 
•45,021 
66,827 
250,416 
49,696 
120,881 
144,542 
93,041 
98,664 
13,889 

93,915 
89,363 
4,552 

148,304 
90,025 
58,279 



80,217 
17,483 
7,561 
7,001 
2,594 



80,217 
13,768 
8,249 
581 
523 
1,218 
3,097 

3,621 

837 

2,784 

2,631 

1,710 

921 

1,607 

2,666 

1,507 

656 

340 

163 

2,126 
794 
770 
562 



974 
628 

345 

2,127 

1,361 

385 

(D) 

(D) 

4,529 



7,012 

4,976 

1,778 

2,702 

496 

7,438 
5,984 
1,454 

6,170 
2,638 
3,532 

10,480 

579 

381 

2,518 

605 

1,432 

1,697 

1,197 

1,393 

178 

1,077 
1,020 



2,613 
1,528 
1,085 



80,190 
17,576 
7,596 
6,115 
2,637 



80,190 
13,690 
8,207 
576 
570 
1,223 
3,114 

3,670 

325 

2,845 

2,732 

1,801 

931 

1,577 

2,615 

1,465 

640 

336 

174 

2,125 
320 
779 
525 



978 
531 

347 

2,095 

1,325 

387 

(D) 

(D) 

4,226 

7,942 

954 

6,988 

4,971 

1,785 

2,701 

435 

7,470 
5,982 
1,488 

6,243 
2,595 
3,643 

10,700 

620 

393 

2,537 

607 

1,488 

1,720 

1,205 

1,439 

191 

1,102 
1,046 



2,650 
1,580 
1,070 



81,136 
17, 582 
7,596 
6,281 
2,217 



81, 136 
13,745 
8,332 
559 
598 
1,206 
3,050 

3,424 

815 

2,609 

2,890 

1,969 

921 

1,566 

2,640 

1,467 

657 

349 

167 

2.168 
831 
822 
515 



997 
650 

347 

2,086 

1,354 

363 

(D) 

(D) 

4,541 

8,011 

915 

7,096 

4,933 
1,805 
2,661 

472 

7,546 
6,010 
1,536 

6,492 
2,687 
3,805 

10,360 

66 

396 

2,597 

629 

1,539 

1,720 

1,216 

1,411 

192 

1,137 

1,079 

58 

2,764 
1,645 

1,119 



XXX Not applicable. 



331,071 5,514 5,404 5,331 

39,305 686 710 703 

35,192 778 731 698 

26,542 355 341 352 

77,03 1,354 1,263 1,279 

14,220 220 229 225 

34,235 452 453 461 

4,453 61 86 67 

21,194 330 324 297 

78,895 1,278 1,267 1,249 

(Zl Less Ihan .$.500 or less than 0.05 |HTcen. 



122,389 

82,973 
18,558 

7,795 
10,357 

2,691 



82,973 
14,132 
3,254 
602 
675 
1,282 
3,319 

3,772 

898 
2,874 



1,861 
947 

1,639 

2,689 

1,497 

584 

342 

166 

2,229 
867 
316 
546 



1,051 
580 
371 

2,129 

1,375 

371 

(D) 

(D) 

4,449 

8,054 

942 

7,112 

4,995 

1,853 

2,654 

438 

7,512 
5,944 
1,568 

6,725 
2,884 
3,341 

10,863 

608 

924 

2,604 

631 

1,561 

1,734 

1,228 

1,388 

185 

1,140 

1,078 

62 

2,948 

1,717 
1,231 

5,843 
729 
632 
382 

1,470 
233 
493 
100 
355 

1,399 



7,784 



5,023 

4 

1,399 

1,089 

269 



5,023 
391 
260 
138 
52 
137 
304 

498 
146 
352 

236 
184 
52 



32 
26 

24 

198 
116 



83 
55 



4 
(D) 
(D) 



625 
68 
557 



43 
33 

66 
28 
38 

297 
166 
131 



73 
68 
64 
181 
24 

31 
28 
3 

228 
139 
89 

495 
61 
37 
28 

114 
26 
83 
7 
26 

113 



Entries for merchandise agents and broken) cepreaent brokerage or cooniiaa ion received. 



UNITED STATES SUMMARY 



1-37 



Table ID. WHOLESALE TRADE: 19^4-GEOGRAPHlC DIVISIONS, BY TYPE OF OPERATION AND KIND OF 

BUSINESS-Continued 
Establishments, Sales, Inventories, Operating Expenses, Payroll, and Personnel 



Geographic division, 
type of operation, and kind of business 



Estali- 
ILsh- 
ments 



[nventories, 

end of 

year, 

at cost 



Opeiating expen.ses 
(inc. payroll)^ 



Amount 

($1,000) 



Per- 
cent 
of 
sales 



Payroll, 
entire year 



Payroll, 

workweek 

ended nearest 

Nov. 15 



March 15 

( N umber ) 



Paid employees, workweek 
ended nearest- 



May 15 

(Number) 



AuB. 15 
(NumbiT) 



Nov. 15 
(Number) 



Active 
proprie- 
tors of 
unincor- 
porated 
busi- 
nesses, 
Nov. 
(Number) 



EAST SOUTH CENTRAL — Continued 



Type by Kiad of Biisiness— Coa, 



Maoufacnjrers' sales branches, sales offices- 
Sales branches (with stocks) 

Sales offices (without stocks) 



Food and kindred products. - - 
Sales branches (with stocks) . . 
Sales offices (without stocks) . 



Textile mill products 

Sales branches (with stocks) . . 
Sales offices (without stocks) - 



Apparel and related products 

Sales branches (with stocks) 

Sales olfices (without stocks). . . 



Fiimitiire and fixtures .' . 

Sales branches (with stocks) . . 
Sales offices (without stocks) . 



Paper and allied products 

Sales branches (with stocks). . 
Sales offices (without stocks).. 

Chemicals and allied products... 
Sales branches (with stocks) __ 
Sales offices (without stocks).. 



Rubber products 

Sales branches (with stocks) . . 
Sales offices (without stocks). 



Leather and leather products 

Sales branches (with stocks) . . 
Sales offices (without stocks).. 

Stone, clay, and glass prx>ducts.. 
Sales branches (with stocks) . . 
Sales offices (without stocks).. 



Primary metal products 

Sales branches (with stocks)-. 
Sales offices (without stocks).. 



Fabricated metal products 

Sales branches (with stocks) . . 
Sales offices (without stocks) . 

Machinery (except electrical) 

Sales branches {with stocks) . . 
Sales offices (without stocks). 



Electrical machinery 

Sales branches (with stocks}-. 
Sales offices (without stocks) . 



Transportation equipment 

Sales branches (with stocks) . . 
Sales offices (without stocks) . 



Instruments and related products.. 

Sales branches (with stocks) 

Sales offices (without stocks) 



Other manufacturers' products*. 
Sales branches (with stocks)-. 
Sales offices (without stocks). 



Petroleum bulk plants, (ermioals and LP gas £acilities-. 

Gasoline, distillates, residiials- - 

Bulk plants 

Distributing terminals _. 

Wholesale LP gas facilities 



Merchandise agents, brokers . . . . . 

Grocery, confectionerj', meats 

Groceries (combination of food lines) - 

Catmed foods 

Coffee, tea, spices 

Confectionery 

Flour--- 

Meats. pro\isioDS (except canned) . . . 

Sugar.. 

Miscellaneous grocery products 



Farm products (edible) 

Dairy, poultry products. 
Fruits, vegetables 



Drugs, chemicals, paints . . 

Drugs, proprietaries, toiletries 

Chemicals, explosives 

Paints, Tarnishes, lacquers, enamels . 



905 
630 
275 

233 

182 

51 



220 
177 
43 



33 
51 

1,657 
1,614 
1,526 



1,205 
202 



2,164,754 

1,174,220 

990,534 

443,915 
321,145 
122,770 

7,132 

(D) 
(D) 

(D) 
(0) 
(0) 

10,663 
(D) 
(D) 

9,550 
(D) 
(D) 

205,508 
157,468 
48,040 

54,982 
(D) 
(0) 

(D) 
(D) 
(D) 

106,698 
16,594 
90,104 

427,414 

5,477 

421,937 

31,405 
19,071 
12,334 

170,915 
146,394 
24,521 

187,177 
105,322 
81,855 

329,460 
(D) 
(D) 

22,985 
10,656 
12,329 

144,773 
17,242 
127,531 

924,225 
914,951 
627,322 
287,629 
9,274 

1,963,967 

295, 528 

47,218 

114,526 

(D) 

6,843 

24,182 

(D) 

38,422 

61,293 

44,402 
7,863 
36,539 

5,488 
(D) 

3,784 
(D) 



68,140 
63,140 



11,316 
11,316 



2,052 

(D) 
(D) 

(D) 
(D) 
(D) 

1,026 

(D) 

■ (D) 

40 
(D) 
(D) 

4,895 
4,895 



2,235 
(D) 
(D) 

(D) 
(D) 
(D) 



758 
758 



3,104 
3,104 



21,042 
21,042 



4,969 
4,969 



10,453 

(D) 
(D) 

644 
644 



1,728 
1,728 



49,126 
47,722 
27,370 
20,352 
1,404 

6,544 
231 



(D) 

23 

3 

(D) 
57 
20 

166 
24 
142 



161,655 
121,604 
40,051 

45, U9 
35,331 
9,308 

522 
(D) 
(D) 

(D) 
(D) 
(D) 

1,669 

(D) 
(D) 

833 
(D) 
(D) 

23,996 

20,781 

3,215 

4,718 
(D) 
<D) 

(D) 
(D) 
(D) 

6,997 
2,645 
4,352 

9,533 
349 

9,184 

3,717 
2,629 
1,088 

29,615 

27,461 



6,822 
5,137 
1,685 

13,432 
(D) 
(D) 

3,538 
2,516 
1,022 

9,785 
3,506 
6,279 

82,722 
79,949 
59,582 

20,367 
2,773 

60,043 

6,747 

1,015 

3,173 

(D) 

305 

279 

(D) 

558 

1,329 

1,495 

214 

1,281 

247 
(B) 
177 
(D) 



7.5 
10.4 
4.0 

10.2 
11.2 
7.6 

7.3 
(D) 
(D) 

(D) 
(D) 
(D) 

15.7 
(D) 
(D) 

8.7 
(D) 
(D) 

11.7 
13.2 
6.7 

■8.6 
(D) 
(D) 

(D) 
(D) 
(D) 

6.6 

15.9 



2.2 
6.4 
2.2 

11.8 
13.8 



3.6 
4.9 
2.1 

4.1 
(D) 
(D) 

15.4 
23.6 
8.3 

6.8 
20.3 
4.9 

9.0 
8.7 
9.5 
7.1 
29.9 

3.1 

2.3 

2.1 

2. 

(D) 

4.5 

1.2 

(D) 

1.5 

2.2 

3.4 
2.7 
3.5 

4.5 
(D) 

4.7 
(D) 



78,671 
62,524 
16,147 

21,103 
17,555 
3,548 

269 
(D) 

(D) 

(D) 
CD) 
(D) 

1,478 
(D) 
(D) 

420 
(D) 
(D) 

8,325 
7,269 
1,056 

1,880 
(D) 
(D) 

(D) 
(D) 
(D) 

4,180 
1,993 
2,187 

3,024 

170 

2,854 

1,893 

1,306 

587 

18,400 
17,138 
1,262 

3,912 

3,247 

665 

6,697 
(D) 
(D) 

1,793 

1,441 

352 

4,818 
2,061 
2,757 

26,454 

25,201 

16,615 

8,586 

1,253 

20,024 

2,641 

418 

1,301 

(D) 

lie 

47 
(D) 
207 
524 

447 
91 
356 

67 
(D) 

58 
(D) 



1,589,161 

1,270,708 

318,453 

412,307 
346,512 
65,795 

6,415 
(D) 
(D) 

(D) 
(D) 

(0) 

29,140 
(D) 
(D) 

8,264 
(D) 
(D) 

163,779 
140,189 
23,590 

38,794 
(D) 
(D) 

(D) 
(D) 
CD) 

86,526 
43,171 
43,355 

60,354 
4,119 
56,235 

36,403 
24,210 
12,193 

332,798 
358,643 
24,155 

79,524 
66,483 
13,041 

132,813 
CD) 
CD) 

34,223 
27,099 
7,124 

109,024 
53,416 
55,608 

514,171 
486,738 
329,270 
157,468 
27,433 

417,346 

50,839 

3,105 

23,954 

CD) 

2,420 

975 

CD) 

3,956 

10,925 

9,314 
2,072 
7,242 

1,323 
(D) 

1,223 
CP) 



17,483 
14,261 
3,222 

5,239 

4,454 

785 

40 
CD) 
CD) 

CD) 
(D) 
CD) 

367 
CD) 
CD) 

105 

CD) 
CD) 

1,659 

1,456 

203 

387 
CD) 
CD) 

CD) 
(D) 
(D) 

892 
513 
379 

514 

30 
484 

501 

409 

92 

3,741 

3,473 

268 

771 
567 
104 

1,450 
CD) 
(D) 

476 
408 
68 

1,221 
576 
645 

7,561 
7,199 
5,141 
2,058 
362 

7,001 
674 
105 
338 
CD) 
23 
13 
CD) 
61 
125 

158 
31 
127 

17 

CD) 
14 
CD) 



17,576 
14,365 
3,211 

5,299 

4,511 

788 

41 
CD) 
CD) 

(D) 
(D) 
(D) 

364 
CD) 
CD) 

104 
CD) 
CD) 

1,672 

1,473 

199 

378 
CD) 
CD) 

CD) 
CD) 
CD) 

922 
530 
392 



17,582 
14,487 
3,095 

5,322 
4,586 



CD) 
(D) 

CD) 
CD) 

CD) 

363 

CD) 
CD) 

103 
CD) 
CD) 

1,646 

1,456 

190 

380 
CD) 
CD) 

CD) 
CD) 
CD) 

928 
535 
393 

494 

35 

459 



514 


497 


417 


400 


97 


97 


3,7X 


3,741 


3,471 


3,501 


263 


240 


788 


814 


682 


706 


106 


108 


1,456 


1,440 


CD) 


CD) 


CD) 


(D) 


479 


481 


411 


414 


68 


67 


1,200 


1,207 


572 


596 


628 


611 


7,596 


7,596 


7,240 


7,240 


5,170 


5,163 


2,070 


2,077 


356 


356 


6,115 


6,281 


673 


674 


106 


111 


343 


337 


CD) 


CD) 


24 


22 


13 


15 


CD) 


CD) 


51 


55 


126 


125 


153 


148 


28 


32 


125 


116 


19 


19 


CD) 


CD) 


15 


16 


CD) 


CD) 



18,558 
15,490 
3,068 

5,323 

4,620 

703 



CD) 
(D) 

CD) 
(D) 
CD) 

362 

(D) 
(D) 

102 
(D) 
(D) 

1,684 

1,489 

195 

369 
CD) 
CD) 

CD) 
CD) 
CD) 

942 
548 
394 

502 
36 
466 

471 
389 
82 

4,657 

4,405 

252 

872 
761 
111 

1,432 
CD) 
CD) 

448 
333 
65 

1,200 
588 
612 

7,795 
7,385 
5,287 
2,098 
410 

10,367 
705 
117 
344 
CD) 
22 
17 



CD) 



154 
35 
119 

18 
CD) 

16 
CD) 



CD) 
CD) 

CD) 
CD) 

CD) 



CD) 
(D) 



CD) 
CD) 



CD) 
CD) 

(D) 
(D) 
(D) 



CD) 
CD) 



1,399 
1,384 



1,089 
205 
25 
98 
CD) 
11 
7 
CD) 
22 
39 



10 
CD) 



CD) 



Standard Notes: (D) Withheld to avoid disclosure. (NA) Not available, n.e.c. Not elsewhere classified. XXX Not applicable. (Z) Less than S.500 or less than 0.05 percent. 

. . . Represents zero. 

•Includes tobacco manufactures, lumber and products (except furniture), printing and publishing, coal products, and miscellaneous manufactures. 

^Entries for oerchandise ager,ts and brokers represent brokerage or commission received. 



1-38 



WHOLESALE TRADE-SUMMARY STATISTICS 



Table ID. WHOLESALE TRADE: 19M-GEOGRAPHIC DIVISIONS, BY TYPE OF OPERATION AND KIND OF 

BUSINESS-Continued 
Establishments, Sales, Inventories, Operating Expenses. Payroll, and Personnel 



Geographic division, 
type of operation, and kind of business 



Estab- 
lish- 
ments 



Sales 



Inventories, 

end of 

year, 

at cost 



Operating expenses 


(inc. payroll)^ 




Per- 


Amount 


cent 




of 




sales 


(!1,000) 




551 


4.1 


176 


3.9 


177 


5.0 


(D) 


(D) 


(D) 


(DJ 


79 


3.3 


(D) 


(D) 


667 


2.9 


(D) 


(D) 


(D) 


(D) 


538 


3.0 


308 


6.0 


159 


5.7 


149 


6.4 


262 


7.8 


(D) 


(D) 


(D) 


(D) 


32,415 


2.7 


2,644 


.6 


434 


.8 


(D) 


(D) 


8,516 


2.2 


20,096 


6.5 


(D) 


(D) 


592 


1.3 


957 


5.0 


908 


6.7 


657 


7.0 


104 


6.6 


147 


5.7 


2,197 


6.1 


1,349 


5.5 


848 


7.3 


2,729 


4.8 


2,247 


4.6 


482 


6.7 


3,984 


6.7 


400 


8.8 


199 


9.4 


517 


7.0 


(D) 


(D) 


2,645 


6.3 


(D) 


(D) 


(D) 


ID) 


(D) 


(o) 


627 


5.0 


(D) 


(D) 


(D) 


(D) 


5,949 


3.6 


(D) 


(D) 


451 


6.8 


465 


13.5 


1,805 


5.0 


4iO 


.8 


(D) 


(D) 


(D) 


(D) 


(D) 


(D) 


193 


8.3 


1,609 


5.5 


16,751 


3.8 


1,676 


6.3 


1,799 


16.2 


12,790 


3.2 


486 


10.3 



Payroll, 
entire year 



Payroll, 

workweek 

ended nearest 

Nov. 15 



Paid employees, workweek 
ended nearest- 



March 15 
(Number) 



May 15 
(Number) 



Aug. 15 
(Number) 



Nov. 15 
( N umber ) 



proprie- 
tory of 
unincor- 
porated 

busi- 
nesses, 
Nov. 
(Number) 



EAST SOUTH CENTRAL — Continued 



Type by Kind of Busioess — Coo. 



Merchuidise agents, brokers — Con. 

Apparel (including footwear) 

(Clothing, furnishings (men's, women's)-. 

Men's, boys' clothing, furnishings 

Women's, children's clothing, ; 
Furs (dressed), fur clothing. . 

Handbags 

Millinery, millinery supplies- 
Shoes, other footwear . . 

Work clothing 



Dry goods, piece goods 

Hosiery - - . 

Dry goods.- . 
Piece goods . 

Furniture, home furnishings- 
Furniture . 

Home furnishings 

Paper, allied products.. - 

Paper 

Stationery, ofEce supplies . . 



Farm products (raw materials) . - - 

Cotton.- --- 

Grain 

Hides, skins, raw fura -- 

Livestock 

Tobacco (leaO - 

Wool, mohair 

Miscellaneous inedible farm products. 



Automotive - 

Electrical-electronic apparatus, equip., appliances.. 

Electrical apparatus, suppUes 

Appliances, radios, TV sets 

Electronic parts, equipment 



Hardware, plumbing-heating goods - 

Hardware . ... . 

Plumbing, heating goods . 

Lmnber, construction materials 

Lumber, millwork -. . 

Construction materials (except lumber) . 



Machinery, equipment, supplies 

Air conditioning, commercial refrigeration equipment. 

Commercial machines, equipment -., 

Construction machinery, eq(upment ... 

Farm-garden machinery, equipment 

Industrial machinery, equipment, supplies . ... 

Professional equipment, supplies 

Service establishment equipment, suppUea 

Transportation (exc. automotive) equip., supplies 



Metals, metalwork (except scrap).. 

Iron, steel and products. 

Nonferrous metals, metalwork. . 



Other merchandise agents, brokers. 

Scrap iron and steel 

Amusemente, sporting goods, toys 

Books, magazines, newspapers , 

(Doal. coke 

Farm supplies 

Jewelry- -- 

Yams - 

Petroleum and products --. 

General merchandise.-. _ 

Miscellaneous products, agents, brokers, n.e.c. 



Assemblers of farm products 

Dairy, poultry products 

Fresh fruits, vegetables 

Farm products (raw materiala)... 

Farm suppUes 

Other farm products assemblers. 



523 
76 
10 
3 
224 
202 
1 



350 
61 



231 
14 



U,396 

4,488 

3,522 

(D) 



(D) 

2,369 

(D) 

22,867 
(D) 
(D) 

17,997 

5,135 
2,806 
2,329 

3,347 
(D) 
(D) 

1,210,547 

417,195 

53,649 

(D) 

383,770 

307,976 

(D) 

44,271 

19,324 

13,532 
9,389 
1,564 
2,579 

36,204 
24,531 
11,673 

56,520 
49,378 
7,142 

59,150 

4,550 

2,119 

7,377 

(D) 

42,129 

(D) 

(D) 

CD) 

12,452 

(D) 
(D) 

166,075 

(D) 

6,590 

3,457 

36,252 

52,977 

(D) 

(D) 

(D) 

2,329 

29,093 

437,625 
26,731 
11,118 

395,042 
4,734 



(D) 
(D) 

4,826 
4,381 

I'd) 

166 
229 
(D) 



534 
35 
65 
68 
(D) 
362 
(D) 
(D) 
(D) 



(D) 
(D) 



397 
(D) 



(D) 
(D) 
(D) 
9 
267 

26,695 
421 
333 

25,816 
125 



193 
62 
84 

(D) 



(D) 
11 
(D) 

216 
(D) 
(D) 
150 



106 
(D) 
(D) 

9,289 

1,165 

160 

(D) 

3,606 

4,1% 

(D) 

92 



333 
248 
23 
62 

792 
438 
354 

955 
745 
210 

1,740 
77 
115 
305 
(D) 

1,180 
(D) 
(D) 
(D) 

287 
(D) 
(D) 

2,528 
(D) 
167 
308 

1,021 
152 
(D) 
(D) 
(D) 
109 
515 

7,102 
701 
758 

5,432 
211 



2,7% 
942 

1,297 
(D) 



(D) 
(2) 
(D) 

4,887 
(D) 
(D) 

3,421 

1,511 

1,033 

(Z) 

1,827 
(D) 
(D) 

207,726 

21,935 

2,937 

(D) 

71,881 

107,338 

(D) 

2,207 

8,154 

5,949 

4,451 

(Z) 

1,097 

15,452 
8,779 
6,673 

18,360 
14,555 
3,805 

35,110 

1,754 

2,166 

4,800 

(D) 

25,364 

(D) 

(D) 

(d) 

5,749 
(D) 
(D) 

48,349 

(D) 

3,448 

2,305 

19,740 

. 3,665 

(D) 

(D) 

(D) 

1,917 

11,894 

127,058 
14,652 
11,688 
95,758 
4,%0 



(D) 

5 

(D) 

40 
(D) 
(D) 

24 

18 
10 



27 
(D) 
(D) 

4,470 

278 

22 

(D) 

2,914 

1,217 

(D) 

16 

132 



120 
62 
58 

224 

174 

50 

310 
22 
33 
27 
(D) 
207 
(D) 
(D) 
(D) 

63 

(D) 
(D) 

659 
(D) 

45 

54 
181 

U 
(D) 
(D) 
(D) 

25 
222 

2,594 
309 
212 

2,005 
68 



36 

9 
14 
(D) 



(D) 

5 

(D> 

36 
(D) 
(D) 

20 

18 
10 



27 
(D) 
(D) 

3,573 

271 

20 

(D) 

3,063 

182 

(D) 

17 



221 

165 

56 



660 

(D) 



242 
36 
(D) 
(D) 
(D) 
24 
172 

2,637 
313 
691 

1,558 
75 



36 
11 
13 
(D) 



(D) 

4 

(D) 

38 
(D) 
(D) 

21 



26 
(D) 
(D) 

3,864 
260 
39 
(D) 
3,193 
338 
(D) 
16 



216 

154 



332 
20 
34 
29 
(D) 
234 
(D) 
(D) 
(D) 

70 
(D) 
(D) 

516 

(D) 



171 
44 
(D, 
(D 
(D) 
Z) 
83 

2,217 
298 
262 

1,572 
85 



13 
(D) 



(D) 

4 

(D) 

37 
CD) 
CD) 

22 

26 
18 



25 
CD) 
(D) 

7,724 
312 
35 
CD) 
3,200 
4,119 
CD) 
38 

lU 

60 
43 
9 



132 
67 
65 

230 
173 
57 

336 
21 
34 
32 
CD) 
232 
CD) 
(D) 
CD) 

73 
CD) 
CD) 

670 
CD) 

48 

65 
173 

52 
CD) 
CD) 
CD) 

23 
218 

2,691 
319 
270 

2,002 
100 



Standard Notes: (D) Withheld to avoid disclosure. (NA) Not available. n.e.c. Not elsewhere classified. XXX Not applicable. 

. . . Represents zero. 

^Entries for merchandise agents and broilers represent brolcerage or comnlsaion received. 



(Z) Less than $500 or less than 0.05 percent. 



UNITED STATES SUMMARY 



1-39 



Table ID. WHOLESALE TRADE: 1954-GEOGRAPHIC DIVISIONS, BY TYPE OF OPERATION AND KIND OF 

BUSINESS-Continued 
Establishments, Sales, Inventories, Operating Expenses, Payroll, and Personnel 



Geographic division, 
type of operation, and kind of business 



Estab- 
lish- 
ments 



Inventories, 

end of 

year. 

at cost 



Operating expenses 
(inc. payroll)^ 



Altiount 

($1.000) 



Per- 
cent 
of 
.sales 



Payroll, 
entire year 



Payroll. 

workweek 

entled nearest 

Nov. 15 



March 1.5 
jNumtHT) 



Paid employees, workweek 
encied nearest- 



May 15 

(Niimher} 



Aug. 15 
(Number) 



Nov. 15 
(Ntimher) 



proprie- 
tors of 
unincor- 
porated 
busi- 
nesses. 
Nov. 
(Numltcr) 



WEST SOUTH CENTRAl. 



Wholesale tnde. total 



Type of Operatioa 



Merchaat wholesalers 

Manufacturers' sales branches, sales offices . 

Petroleum bulk plants, termioals and LP gas fiacUidca. . 

Merchaudise agents, brokers --- 

Assemblers of farm produas .-. 



Type by Kind of Bosioess 

Merchant wholesalers. . 

Grocery, confectionery, meat wholesaleiB-- 

General-line grocery wholesalers . 

Confectiooerj' wholesalers, 

Fish, sea food distributors 

Meat, meat products wholesalers _ 
Specialty-Une grocert' wholesalers. - 



Farm pioducta (edible) distributois 

Poiiltr>', poultry products distributora.. 
Fresh fruit, vegetable wholesalers 



Beer, wine, distilled spirits wholesalers. 

Beer, ale distributors 

Wine, distilled spirits wholesalere 



Tobacco distributors- . 



Drugs, chemicals, allied products wholesalers... 
General-line drug wholesalers 

Specialty-line drug, toiletries wholesalers 

Industrial chemicals, e.xplosives distributors-. 
Paint, varnish wholesalers 



Dry goods, apparel wholesalers 

Clothing, furnishings, footwear wholesalers. 

General-line dry goods wholesalers 

Specialty-line dry goods wholesalers... 

Piece goods converters 



Furniture, home furnishings wholesalers 

Furniture (household, office) wholesalers 

Home furnishings, floor coverings wholesalers. 



Paper, allied products wholesalers 

Coarse paper and products wholesalers. 

Printing and fine paper distributors 

Stationery, office supphes wholesalers. . . 
Wallpaper wholesalers 



Farm products (raw materials) merchanta. 



Automotive wholesalers 

Motor vehicle distributors. 

Automotive equipment, tire-tube wholesalers.. 



Electrical, electronics, appliance distributors 

Electrical apparatus, supphes distributors 

Electrical appliance, radio, TV set wholesales- 
Electronic parts, equipment distributors 



Hardware, plimibing-heating goods wholesalers.. 

Hardware wholesalers. 

Plumbing, heating equipment, supphes distributors. 



Lumber, construction materials distributors.. 

Lumber, millwork wholesalers 

Construction materials distributors 



Machinery, equipment, supphes distributors 

Air conditioning, comm. refrigeration equip., distrs. 

(Dommercial machines, equipment distributors 

Construction machinery, equipment dealers. 

Farm-garden machinery, equipment wholesalers 

Industrial machinery, equipment distributors 

Industrial materials, supplies distributors 

Professional equipment, supplies distributors 

Service establishment supply houses ... 

Transportation equipment distributors _. 



Metals, metalwork (except scrap) distributoiB.. 

Iron, steel and products distributors 

Nonferrous metals distributors 



Scrap, waste materials dealers. . 

Iron, steel scrap dealers 

Waste materials dealers 



Other merchant wholesalers 

Amusement, sporting goods distributors 

Book, magazine, newspaper wholesalers 

Coal wholesalers 

Farm supplies wholesalers 

Jewelry wholesalers 

Petroleum products distributors 

Gift, art goods, greeting card wholesalers.. 

Flower, bidb, plant wholesalers 

Miscellaneous products merchant wholesalers 

Standard Notes: (D) Withheld to avoid disclosure. 

. . . Represents zero._ 

^Entries for merchajidise agents and brokers represent brokerage or ^oomission received. 



22,971 



U,4I3 
2,KX) 
3,697 
1,650 
1,111 



14,413 
1,912 
468 
152 
183 
396 
713 

780 
249 
531 

653 
558 
95 



512 
49 
208 
192 
63 

230 
128 
20 



248 

133 
115 

281 
100 
53 
122 

6 



1,705 

131 

1,574 

570 
250 
174 
146 

444 
160 
284 

989 
409 
580 

3,127 
233 
303 
168 
119 

1,074 
365 
239 
525 
101 

325 
302 
23 

465 
263 
202 



8,858,007 
4,213,553 
1,302,866 
2,261,085 

607,711 



8,858,007 
1,507,336 
893,547 
38,912 
46,787 
174,949 
353, Ul 

373,224 
103,469 
269,755 

465,968 
236,359 
229,609 

275,341 

262,559 
126,765 
57,639 
65,436 
12,719 

116,737 
37,222 
38,941 
28, 178 
12,396 

122,365 
43,846 
78,519 

153,654 
56,953 
66,678 
29,327 
696 

1,397,062 

383, 165 

58,530 

324,635 

517,727 

248,894 

229,332 

39,501 

335,961 
176,653 
159,308 

521,636 
275,247 
246,389 

1,482,997 
80,271 
58,478 

141,321 
39,738 

738,794 

219,459 
71,197 

103,397 
30,342 

254,810 

230,622 

24,188 

117, 543 
63,619 
53,924 



1,427 
156 
131 
9 
264 
77 
388 
42 
91 
269 



569,922 

45,266 

30,408 

1,480 

130, Ul 
2.;,733 

223,794 
5,832 
14,281 
95,9ff7 



972,078 
161,557 

60,565 
6,246 

29,767 



972,078 
94,134 
68,549 
1,515 
1,777 
3,148 
19, U5 

8,709 
2,207 
6,502 

46,413 
12,509 
33,904 

10,956 

35,579 

21,978 

7,492 

5,194 

915 

18,602 
5,647 
5,730 
4,626 
2,599 

U,676 
5,621 
9,055 

17,387 
7,154 
6,736 
3,320 

177 

213,921 

62,930 
2,912 
60,018 

65,605 

32,260 

27,351 

5,994 

59,464 
34,768 
24,696 

40,672 
23,410 
17,262 

195,796 
8,839 
7,285 
28,679 
5,155 
87,985 
29,521 
10,668 
12,889 
4,775 

40,313 
37,071 
3,242 

9,035 
5,509 
3,526 



37,886 
7,156 
3,477 
7 
7,439 
3,515 
6,297 
431 
1,197 
8,367 



(NA) Not available. n.e.c. Not elsewhere cl 



1,094,040 

342,931 

157,095 

69,087 

58,367 



1,094,040 

138,529 

67,325 

5,051 

8,570 

22,957 

34,626 

51,316 

8,923 

42,393 

51,520 
34,332 

17,188 

15,764 

41,719 
16,745 

9,074 
12,231 

3,669 

17,874 
6,647 
5,540 
4,413 
1,274 

22,593 
8,944 
13,649 

25,746 

9,736 

7,581 

8,106 

323 

63,480 

80,004 
7,339 
72,665 

70,600 

30,382 

31,305 

8,913 

55,342 
30,442 
24,900 

95,098 
34,608 
60,490 

230,818 
16,647 
14,322 
25,472 

6,315 
77,598 
40,366 
18,080 
24,373 

7,645 

35,523 
31,990 
3,533 

23,260 
11,545 
11,715 

74,864 

8,698 

6,891 

179 

13,852 
4,758 

19,461 
1,181 
3,701 

16,133 



12.4 
8.1 

12.1 
3.1 
9.6 



12.4 
9.2 
7.5 
13.0 
18.3 
13.1 
9.8 

13.7 
8.6 

15.7 

11.1 
U.5 
7.5 

5.7 

15.9 
13.2 
15.7 
18.7 
28.8 

15.3 
17.9 
U.2 
15.7 
10.3 

18.5 
20.4 

17.4 

16.8 
17.1 
11.4 
27.6 
46.4 

4.5 

20.9 
12.5 
22.4 

13.6 
12.2 
13.7 
22.6 

16.5 
17.2 
15.6 

18.2 
12.6 
24.6 

15.6 
20.7 
24.5 
18.0 
15.9 
10.5 
18.4 
25.4 
23.6 
25.2 

13.9 
13.9 
U.6 

19.8 
18.1 
21.7 

13.1 
19.2 
22.7 
12.1 
10.6 
20.9 
8.7 
20.3 
25.9 
16.8 

XXX 



646,371 
176,643 
41,219 
26,279 
22,063 



16,327,192 



11,010,697 

3,561,049 

797, 123 

510,193 

448,230 



546,371 

73,403 

40,391 
2,303 
3,478 

11,244 

15,987 

20,135 
3,747 
16,388 

24,369 
15,347 
9,022 

7,843 

22,277 
10,327 
4,652 
5,345 
1,953 

9,403 
3,090 
3,597 
2,090 
626 

11,332 
4,720 
6,612 

14,736 
6,040 
4,553 
4,006 
137 

16,052 

45,842 
4,149 
41,693 

38,942 
17,461 
16,643 
4,838 

31,690 
18,440 
U,250 

48,595 
18,280 
30,315 

118, 577 
9,034 
7,501 
14,393 
3,187 
36,205 
21,886 
10,134 
12,460 
3,777 

17,224 
15,684 
1,540 

11,797 
5,678 
6,119 

34,154 

4,423 

3,750 

80 

6,132 

2,682 

7,278 

559 

1,892 

7,358 

Not apphcable. 



11,010,597 
1,421,847 
755,300 
45,691 
75,202 
231,387 
3U,267 

395,643 
71,074 
324, 569 

480,562 
297,409 
183,153 

148,931 

490,958 
243,940 

93,024 
113,220 

40,774 

190,129 
61,389 
72,610 
44,236 
11,894 

205,548 
63,687 
121,861 

277,8U 
111,988 
90,184 
73,004 
2,637 

3U,411 

936,620 
85,377 
851,243 

800,076 
345,886 
343,580 
110,610 

657,913 
379,524 
278,389 

1,005,393 
398,092 
607,301 

2,425,734 
180,957 
151,020 
296,100 

63,763 
731,605 
439,738 
209,021 
272,897 

80,583 

341,513 
297,682 
43,831 

247,683 
117,585 
130,098 

669,823 

86,859 

66,461 

1,107 

1U,248 
44,971 

158,829 
18,144 
38,144 

Ul,060 



142,003 
38,044 
11,531 
8,998 
8,871 



142,003 
21,254 
11,200 
763 
1,459 
3,104 
4,728 

6,562 
1,452 
5,110 

5,818 
3,872 
1,946 

2,370 

6,051 
2,906 
1,399 
1,254 
492 

2,598 
950 
944 
585 

119 

2,824 
1,142 
1,682 

3,719 
1,477 
1,089 
1,108 
45 



12,683 
1,054 
11,629 

8,917 
3,957 
3,839 
1,121 

7,680 
4,583 
3,097 

12,025 
4,698 
7,327 

27,109 
2,002 
1,784 
2,953 

807 
8,068 
4,883 
2,526 
3,162 

924 

3,923 

3,531 

392 

4,093 
1,923 
2,170 

10,263 
1,180 
1,517 
23 
2,070 
662 
1,836 
196 
599 
,180 



142,706 
38,411 
11,566 
9,168 
9,704 



142,706 
21,357 
11,074 
761 
1,569 
3,181 
4,772 

6,742 
1,517 
5,225 

5,945 
4,037 
1,908 

2,372 

6,020 
2,891 
1,395 
1,241 
493 

2,546 
906 
937 
585 
118 

2,768 
1,109 
1,659 

3,748 
1,496 
1,109 
1,098 
45 



12,581 

1^033 

11,548 

8,896 
3,948 
3,814 
1,134 

7,692 
4,601 
3,091 

12,512 
4,801 
7,711 

27,361 
2,259 
1,790 
2,902 

798 
8,031 
4,988 
2,515 
3,162 

916 

3,957 

3,575 

382 

4,142 
1,925 
2,217 

10,067 

1,196 

1,413 

20 

1,909 

643 

1,908 

191 

54S 

2,239 



145,675 
38,337 
11,731 
9,191 
7,544 



U5,675 
22,085 
11,229 
781 
1,938 
3,346 
4,791 

6,670 
1,591 
5,079 

6,187 
4,276 
1,911 

2,406 

6,119 
2,882 
1,461 
1,267 
509 

2,599 
952 
950 
578 
119 

2,750 
1,088 
1,662 

3,753 
1,511 
1,117 
1,086 
39 

4,294 

12,634 

1,045 

11,589 

9,217 
4,094 
3,963 
1,160 

7,888 
4,715 
3,173 

13,083. 
4,922 

8,161 

27,607 
2,163 
1,765 
2,998 

805 
8,204 
5,000 
2,566 
3,158 

948 

4,063 

3,678 

385 

4,254 
2,045 
2,209 



14S,729 
38,377 
11,774 
9,507 
9,838 



148,729 

22,788 

11,170 

809 

1,834 

3,627 

5,348 

7,236 
1,984 
5,252 

6,056 
4,067 
1,989 

2,460 

6,313 
2,886 
1,589 
1,318 
520 

2,542 
904 
942 
573 
123 

2,883 
1,196 
1,687 

3,770 
1,496 
1,105 

1,143 
24 

4,590 

12,811 
1,106 
11,705 

9,232 
4,081 
3,934 
1,217 

7, 

4,684 

3,204 

13,327 
5,075 
8,252 

27,552 
2,001 
1,850 
3,055 
769 
8,025 
4,973 
2,637 
3,210 
1,032 

4,083 

3,730 

353 

4,497 
2,083 
2,4U 



(Z) Less than .fSOO or less than 



10,064 

1,269 

1,343 

18 

1,815 

660 
2,019 

216 

532 
2,192 
0.05 percent. 



10,701 

1,333 

1,352 

17 

1,939 

710 

2,070 

254 

601 

2,425 



15,261 



3,188 

1,523 

683 



9,853 
1,580 
231 
144 
198 
455 
552 

821 
248 
573 

461 
428 



307 

1 

185 

84 



206 

126 

13 



146 
84 
62 

161 
45 
U 

100 
2 



1,245 

102 

1,W3 

245 

85 
67 
93 

226 
90 
136 

516 
221 
295 

1,718 

162 

261 

64 

73 

400 

175 

133 

391 

59 

173 
160 

406 
249 
157 

1,038 
106 

75 

9 

202 

63 
312 

36 

70 
165 



1-40 



WHOLESALE TRADE-SUMMARY STATISTICS 



Table ID. WHOLESALE TRADE: 19^4-GEOGRAPHIC DIVISIONS, BY TYPE OF OPERATION AND KIND OF 

BUSINESS-Continued 
Establishments. Sales, Inventories, Operating Expenses, Payroll, and Personnel 



Geographic division, 
type of operation, and kind of business 



Estab- 
lish, 
ments 



Inventories, 

end of 

year, 

at cost 



Operating expenses 
(inc. payroll)" 



Amount 

($1,000) 



Per- 
cent 
of 
sales 



Payroll, 
entire year 



Payroll. 

workweek 

ended nearest 

Nov. 15 



Paid employees, workweek 
ended nearest- 



March 15 
(Number) 



May 15 
(Number) 



Aug. 15 
(Number) 



Nov. 15 
(Number) 



Active 
proprie- 
tors of 
unincor- 
porated 
busi- 
nesses, 
Nov. 
(Number) 



WEST SOUTH CENTRAL — Continued 



Type by Kind of Business — Coo. 



Manufacturers' sales branches, sales offices. 

Sales branches (with stocks) 

Sales offices (without stocks) 



Food and kindred products 

Sales branches (with stocks) . . 
Sales offices (without stocks). 



Textile mill products 

Sales branches (with stocks) . . 
Sales offices (without stocks) . 



Apparel and related products. . . 
Sales branches (with stocks) . . 
Sales offices (without stocks) . 



Fiimiture and fixtures 

Sales branches (with stocks) . . 
Sales offices (without stocks) . 



Paper and alhed products 

Sales branches (with stocks)- . 
Sales offices (without stocks) - 

Chemicals and allied products. _ 
Sales branches (with stocks)-. 
Sales offices (without stocks)-. 



Rubber products 

Sales branches (with stocks).. 
Sales offices (without stocks)-. 



Leather and leather products 

Sales branches (with stocks).. 
Sales offices (without stocks).. 

Stone, clay, and glass products.. 
Sales branches (with stocks) . . 
Sales offices (without stocks) . . 



Primary metal products 

Sales branches (with stocks) . . 
Sales offices (without stocks). 



Fabricated metal products 

Sales branches (with stocks) . . 
Sales offices (without stocks). 

Machinery (except electrical) . . . 
Sales branches (with stocks). . 
Sales offices (without stocks) . 



Electrical machinery 

Sales branches (with stocks) . . 
Sales offices (without stocks). 



Transportation equipment 

Sales branches (with stocks).. 
Sales offices (without stocks). 



Instruments and related products.. 

Sales branches (with stocks) 

Sales offices (without stocks) 



Other manufacturers' products* 
Sales branches (with stocks). . 
Sales offices (without stocks) . 



Petroleum bulk plants, [ermioals aod LP gas facilities. 

Gawjhne, distillates, residuals.. 

Bulk plants.. . 

Distributing terminals 

Wholesale LP gas facilities 



Mercbaodise agents, brokers . , 

Grocery, confectionery, meats 

Groceries (combination of food lines). 

Canned foods 

ColTee, tea, spices ._ 

Confectionery 

Flour 

Meats, provisions (except caimed) . 

Sugar . . 

Miscellaneous grocery products 

Farm products (edible) 

Dairy, poultry products. 
Fruits, vegetables 

Drugs, chemicals, paints . . . 
Drugs, proprietaries, toiletries. . , 

Chemicals, explosives 

Paints, varnishes, lacquers, enamels... 



2,100 

1,507 

593 

345 



182 
120 
62 

52 
50 



62 
36 

612 

503 
109 



lU 
100 
U 

U2 
72 



3,697 

3,540 

3,465 

75 

157 

1,650 

243 

23 

102 

8 

13 



4,213,553 
2,539,484 
1,674,069 

772,110 
582,932 
189,178 

47,652 
33,391 
U,261 

21,023 
15,138 
5,885 

(D) 
7,985 

(D) 

42,918 

(D) 
(D) 

415,885 
187,395 
228,490 

132,414 

(0) 
(D) 

(D) 
(D) 



163,482 
45,409 
118,073 

603,836 
38,232 

565,604 

163,766 
38,983 
124,783 

571,962 
498,444 
73,518 

231,227 
182,537 
48,690 

712,181 

649,259 

62,922 

72,280 
63,532 
8,748 

253,772 
55,173 
198, 599 

1,302,366 

1,254,466 

1,007,320 

247, U6 

48,400 

2,261,085 

484,437 

72,764 

165,650 

48,724 

18,301 

3,688 

3,717 

85, 582 

86,011 

82,265 

3,812 

78,453 

15,850 
3,824 
8,767 
3,259 



161,557 
161,557 



16,066 

16,066 



2,602 
2,602 



1,612 
1,612 



(D) 
730 
(D) 

120 
(D) 
(0) 

9,211 

9,211 



10, 6U 
(D) 
(0) 



(D) 
(D) 



4,988 
4,988 



5,735 
5,735 



6,912 

6,912 



51,! 
51,i 



10,687 
10,687 



30,486 
30,486 



4,118 
4,118 



5,855 
5,855 



60,565 
58, 197 
39,394 
18,803 
2,368 

6,246 

321 

17 

172 

48 

13 

'49 



342,931 
273,340 
69,591 

78,250 
62,690 
15,560 

3,322 

2,884 

438 

2,941 

2,741 

200 

(C) 

1,U8 

(0) 

3,283 

(D) 
(0) 

37,3U 
23,422 
13,892 

12, 7U 

(D) 

(oS 

(D) 
(0) 



15,072 
9,960 
5,112 

12,693 
4,859 
7,834 

9,568 
6,229 
3,339 

82,880 
75,404 
7,476 

19,483 
16,703 
2,780 

33,755 

32,381 

1,374 

11,690 

10,962 

728 

18,650 
11,193 

7,457 

157,095 
144,578 
116,428 
28,150 
12,517 

69,087 

12,141 

1,722 

4,686 

393 

852 

U5 

242 

985 

3,116 

3,261 



809 
319 
346 
144 



10.8 
4.2 



7.0 
8.6 
3.1 

U.O 
18.1 
3.4 

(D) 
U.4 
(D) 

7.6 
(D) 
(D) 

9.0 
12 



9.6 
(D) 
(D) 

(D) 
(D) 



9.2 
21.9 
4.3 



12.7 
1.4 

5 
16.0 
2.7 

14.5 
15.1 
10.2 

8.4 
9.2 

5.7 

4.7 
5.0 
2.2 

16.2 
17.3 
8.3 

7.3 

20.3 

3.8 

12.! 

11.5 

11.6 

11 

25.9 

3.1 
2.5 
2.4 
2.8 
.8 
4.7 
3.9 
6.5 
1.2 
3.6 

4.0 
2.6 
4.0 



8.3 
3.9 
4.4 



176,643 
U5,938 
30,705 

39,322 
33,240 

6,082 

2,064 

1,803 

261 

1,268 

1,127 

Ul 

(0) 
599 
(0) 

1,133 
(D) 
(D) 

U,673 
10,032 
4,641 

5,356 

{C) 
(D) 

(D) 
(D) 



8,648 
6,231 
2,417 

6,366 
2,607 
3,759 

4,652 
2,940 
1,712 

49,597 

45,643 

3,954 

9,871 
8,209 
1,662 

16,915 

16,237 
678 

6,907 

6,555 

352 

9,207 
5,355 
3,852 

41,219 
35,987 
28,439 
7,548 
5,232 

26,279 
4,410 
660 
1,649 
140 
377 
25 
US 
491 
923 

1,140 

37 

1,103 



3,561,049 

2,985,261 

575,788 

767,329 
667,286 
100,043 

38,378 

32,416 

5,962 

25,088 
22,347 
2,741 

(0) 

11,900 

(0) 

25,857 
(D) 

(d) 

290,334 
193,755 
96,579 

113,152 
(D) 
(0) 

(D) 

m 



168,011 
125,398 
42,613 

137,735 
60,902 
76,833 

83,274 
50,657 
32,617 

1,024,353 

954,662 

69,691 

190,568 
157,521 
33,047 

337,854 

329,305 

8,549 

137,023 

129,841 

7,182 

209,235 
133,578 
,75,657 

797, 123 
699,838 
558,189 
141,649 
97,285 

510,193 

85,341 

12,190 

32,444 

1,979 

7,233 

610 

2,603 

8,440 

19,842 

15,062 

580 

14,482 



D7 
43 



7,342 

3,612 

2,986 

744 



38,044 

32,466 

5,578 

9,684 
8,515 
1,169 

391 
360 

31 

452 
436 

16 

(0) 
150 
(D) 

233 

(D) 

m 

2,923 

2,060 

863 

1,104 
(D) 
(D) 

(D) 
(D) 



1,748 

1,403 

345 

1,215 
642 
573 

1,021 
746 
275 

9,787 

8,981 

806 

1,801 

1,546 

255 

3,737 

3,526 

211 

1,630 

1,571 

59 

2,156 

1,401 
755 

11,531 
10, 143 
8,454 
1,689 
1,388 

8,998 

981 

131 

392 

24 

54 



103 
237 

316 

IB 

298 



33,411 

32,384 

5,527 

9,810 
8,642 
1,168 

422 
388 
34 

441 

426 

15 

(D) 
U3 
(D) 

231 
(D) 
(E) 

2,913 

2,039 

874 

1,088 
(0) 
(D) 

(D) 
(D) 



1,931 

1,583 

348 

1,247 
678 
569 

986 
709 

277 

9,997 

9,206 

791 

1,835 

1,574 

261 

3,582 
3,409 

173 

1,635 

1,569 

66 

2,139 

1,402 

737 

11,566 
10,237 
8,579 
1,658 
1,329 

9,168 
1,005 
130 
391 
24 
67 



115 
236 



38,337 

32,918 

5,419 

9,912 
8,755 

1,157 

376 
341 
35 

476 
459 



(0) 
U9 
(D) 

231 

(D) 
(D) 

2,958 

2,086 

872 

1,091 
(D) 
(D) 



1,968 

1,611 

357 

1,252 
661 
591 

1,017 
746 
271 

9,807 

9,056 

751 

1,816 

1,555 

261 

3,510 
3,421 



1,646 

1,580 

66 

2,116 

1,379 

737 

11,731 
10,347 
8,657 
1,690 
1,384 

9,191 
993 
128 
399 
24 
66 



38,377 

32,928 

5,449 

9,840 
8,685 
1,155 

357 
321 



493 
476 



(D) 
155 

(D) 

233 

(C) 
(0) 

2,939 

2,068 

B71 

1,094 
(D) 
(D) 

(D) 
(D) 



1,988 

1,6U 

374 

1,262 
665 
597 

998 

717 
281 

9,801 

9,068 

733 

1,815 

1,557 

258 

3,631 
3,543 



1,631 
1,558 



2,129 

1,384 

745 

11,774 
10,426 
8,707 
1,719 
1,348 

9,507 

1,006 

132 

407 

24 

67 



89 
241 



14 
5 
9 



(D) 

1 

(0) 



(D) 
(D) 



(D) 
(D) 



(D) 
(0) 



3,188 

3,091 

3,088 

3 

97 

1,523 

268 

23 

110 

4 

12 

2 

2 

15 

100 

47 

5 

42 

20 
6 



.Standard Notes: (D) Withheld to avoid disclosure. (NA ) Not available, n.e.c. Not elsewhere classified. XXX Not applicable. (Z) Less than $.500 or less than 0.(15 percent. 
. . . Represents zero. 

•Includes tobacco manufactures, lumber and products (except furniture), printing and publishing, coal products, and miscellaneous manufactures. 
Entries for merchandise agents and brokers represent brokerage or oommlaalon received. 



UNITED STATES SUMMARY 



1-41 



Table ID. WHOLESALE TRADE; 1954-GEOGRAPHlC DIVISIONS, BY TYPE OF OPERATION AND KIND OF 

BUSINESS-Continued 
Establishments, Sales, Inventories, Operating Expenses, Payroll, and Personnel 



Geographic division, 
type of operation, and kind of business 



Estab- 
lish- 
ments 



Sales 



Inventories, 

end of 

year, 

at cost 



Operating expenses 
(inc. payroll)' 



Amount 

l$1.000) 



Per- 
cent 
of 
sales 



Payroll, 
entire year 



Payroll, 

workweek 

ended nearest 

Nov. 1,S 



Paid employees, workweek 
ended nearest- 



March 15 
(NumtxT) 



May 15 

(Number) 



Aug. 15 
(Numtier) 



Nov. 15 
(Numlwr) 



proprie- 
tors of 
unincor- 
porated 

busi- 
nesses. 

Nov, 

(NumlKT) 



WEST SOUTH CENTRA1- — Continued 



Type by Kind of Business— Coo, 

Merchandise agents, brokers— Coo. 

.\pparet (including footwear) 

Clothing, furnishings (men's, women's) 

Men's, boys' clothing, furnishings 

Women's, cliildren's clothing, accessories 

Furs (dressedi, fur clothing 

Handbags 

Millinery, liiillinery supplies .. 

Shoes, other footwear 

Work clothing 



Dry goods, piece goods.. 

Hosiery 

Dry g(>ods 

Piece goods 



Furniture, home fiirnishiugs- 

Fumiture 

Home furnishings 



Paper, allied products 

Paper 

Stationery, office suppUes.. 



Farm prxiducts (raw materials) 

Cotton 

Grain 

Hides, skins, raw furs 

Livestock 

Tobacco (leaf) 

Wool, mohair 

Miscellaneous inedible farm products. 



Automotive - 

Electrical-electronic apparatus, eqiiip., appliances. 

Electrical apparatus, supplies. 

Appliances, radios, TV sets. 

Electronic parts, equipment 



Hardware, plumbing-heating goods. 

Hardware 

Plumbiiig, heating goods . . 



Lumber, construction materials 

Lumber, millwork.. _ 

Construction materials (except lumber) 

Machinery, equipment, supplies 

Air (jonditioning, coimnercial refrigeration equipment. 

Commercial machines, eqiiipment 

Construction machinery, equipment 

Farm.garden machinery, eqiiipment 

Indiistrial machinery, equipment, supplies. . 

Prrifessional equipment, supplies 

Ser\ice establishment equipment, supplies. - 
Transportation (exc. automotive) equip., supplies 



Metals, metalwork (except scrap).. 

Iron, steel and products 

Nonferrous metals, metalwork.. 



Other merchandise agents, brokers 

Scrap irDn and steel 

Amusements, sporting goods, toys 

Books, magazines, newspapers 

Coal, coke 

Farm supplies 

Jewelry ... 

Yams 

Petroleiim and products 

General merchandise 

Miscellaneous products, agents, brokers, n,e,c. 



Assemblers of farm products . 

Dairy, poultry products . . , 

Fresh fruits, vegetables , 

Farm products (raw materials).. 

Farm suppUes 

Other farm products assemblers.. 



467 
72 



5 

350 



20 
3 
2 

155 



129 
2 
9 



1,111 

117 

200 

733 

59 



25,174 

5,263 

5,034 

12,598 

(D) 

(D) 

li) 



45,329 
(C) 
(0) 

32,437 

36,612 
22, 593 
14,019 

U,U1 

12,797 

1,344 

1,004,608 

209,114 

48,376 

7,238 

723,520 

(D) 

10,398 

(D) 

36,734 

92,264 
63,818 
3,752 
24,694 

38,179 
13,558 
24,621 

55,839 
39,366 
16,473 

173,384 

26,109 

5,344 

(D) 

(D) 

74,982 

5,796 

12,497 

44,860 

23, 106 
19,611 
3,495 

133,163 

(D) 

12,879 

4,696 

8,1328 

(B) 

44,730 
11,219 
28, 181 

607,711 

68,094 

71,005 

453,556 

(D) 

(D) 



3 
11 

(D) 
(D) 

(D) 



401 
96 
305 



39 
2 

2,138 

1,353 

36 

4 
663 

(D) 
82 

(D) 



164 

152 

5 



,191 
338 
119 
(D) 
(D) 
642 
3 



1,250 
(D) 



(D) 



176 
82 

29,767 

1,582 

2,615 

24,217 

(D) 

(0) 



1,236 
325 
125 
662 
(D) 
(D) 

Id] 



1,731 
(D) 
(D) 
953 

2,202 

1,248 

954 

510 
381 
129 

17,022 

1,415 

922 

265 

13,964 
(D) 
356 
(D) 

2,457 

5,687 

3,836 

219 

1,632 

2,527 

816 

1,711 

2,487 
1,453 
1,034 

10, 558 

1,569 

471 

(D) 

(D) 

6,092 

367 

780 

1,005 

1,127 
980 
147 

5,332 

(D) 
351 
567 

123 
(C) 

1,220 

668 

1,542 

58,367 

5,677 

19,420 

31,135 

(D) 

(D) 



3.8 
(D) 
(D) 
2.9 

6.0 
5.5 
6.8 

3.6 
3.0 
9.6 



6.2 

6.0 
5.8 
6.6 

6.6 
6.0 
5.9 

4.5 
3.7 
6.3 

6.1 
6.0 
3.8 
(D) 
(D) 
8.1 
6.3 
6.2 
2.2 

4.9 
5.0 
4.2 

4.0 
(D) 
2.7 
12.1 

1.5 
(C) 

2.7 
6.0 
5.5 

9.6 
8.2 
27.4 
6.9 
(D) 
(D) 



248 
64 
19 
132 
(D) 
(D) 

(D) 



475 
(D) 
(0) 
243 

938 
645 
293 

171 
133 
38 

6,996 

456 
126 
127 
6,070 
(D) 
185 
(D) 

1,005 

2,088 
1,423 



1,011 
208 
803 

848 
400 
448 

3,966 
621 
201 
(D) 
(D) 

2,330 
204 
252 
292 

296 

261 

36 

2,337 
(D) 
132 
266 

'72 
(0) 

472 
317 
536 

22,063 
2,115 
7,466 

11,505 
(D) 

m 



4,203 

1,273 

(Z) 

2,037 

(D) 

(D) 

(D) 



6,785 

(D) 

(D) 

4,676 

18,059 

12,562 

6,497 

2,335 
1,326 
1,009 

U6,048 
9,699 
2,263 

2,104 
127,195 

(D) 
3,223 

(D) 

18,483 

41,428 

27,616 

1,782 

12,030 

21,544 
3,564 
17,980 

18,537 
7,885 
10,652 

77,636 

12,257 

4,195 

(D) 

(D) 

44,351 

5,710 

4,600 

4,546 

6,721 
5,600 
1,121 

39,669 

(D) 

1,717 

3,838 

1,468 

(D) 

7,264 
8,771 
10,466 

448,230 

60,346 

135,259 

243,257 

(D) 

(D) 



12 
32 

(D) 
(D) 

li) 



99 

(0) 
(D) 



153 
74 
79 



25 
9 

4,919 
128 
28 

31 

4,651 

(D) 

68 
(D) 



369 
253 

20 
96 

178 
34 
144 

200 
105 
95 

771 
110 
57 
(D) 
(D) 
427 
62 
66 
48 

69 
59 

10 

576 
(D) 
21 
53 

"ii 

(D) 

104 
131 
172 

8,871 

806 

4,870 

2,930 

(D) 

(D) 



36 
(C) 
(D) 

(i>) 



105 
(D) 
(D) 



149 
71 
78 



25 
9 

6,068 
129 
32 
27 
4,765 
(B) 
92 
(B 

181 

381 

262 

19 

100 



197 
104 
93 

791 
110 
58 
(C) 
(B) 
442 
51 
66 
47 

71 
61 
10 

647 
(B) 
25 
64 

a 

(D) 

92 
122 
175 

9,704 

854 

5,386 

3,191 

(B) 

(B) 



11 
31 
(B) 
(D) 

(B) 



(B) 



149 

67 



6,106 
131 
32 
22 

4,873 
(B) 
44 
(B) 

196 

376 

263 

19 

104 

163 
37 
126 

204 
105 
99 

824 

116 
53 

(B) 
(B) 
446 
80 
64 
62 

72 
59 
13 

663 
(B) 



(D) 

93 
123 

174 

7,644 

834 

2,012 

4,323 

(D) 
(D) 



(B) 



100 
(D) 
(D) 
41 

166 
70 
86 



5,303 
157 
34 
33 
5,0U 
(B) 
45 
(B) 

191 

391 
260 
22 
109 

188 
36 
153 

213 
112 
101 

806 

116 
58 
(B) 
(B) 
430 



648 
(B) 
31 
61 



(B) 

90 
120 
163 

9,836 

989 

4,241 

4,238 

(B) 

(B) 



30 
4 
3 
21 
(B) 
(B) 

(B) 



11 
(B) 
(0) 



65 
20 
36 



496 
63 
15 

401 

m 

10 

(D) 



7 
30 



22 
23 

66 
46 
20 

201 
30 
20 
(B) 
(B) 
125 



29 
22 

7 

102 

(D) 

10 

2 



(B) 

'19 
20 
46 

683 
86 
190 
374 
(D) 
(B) 



Standard Notes: (D) Withheld to avoid disclosure. (NA) Not available, n.e.c. Not elsewhere classified. XXX Not applicable. 
. . . Represents zero. 

^Entries for merchandise agents and brokers represent brokerage or commission received. 



(Z) Less than $.500 or less than 0.05 percent. 



1-42 



WHOLESALE TRADE-SUMMARY STATISTICS 



Table ID. WHOLESALE TRADE: 1954-GEOGRAPHIC DIVISIONS, BY TYPE OF OPERATION AND KIND OF 

BUSINESS-Continued 
Establishments, Sales, Inventories, Operating Expenses, Payroll, and Personnel 



G«ographic division, 
type of operation, and kind of business 



Estab- 
lish- 
ments 



Sales 



Inventories, 

end of 

year. 

at cost 



Operating expenses 
(inc. payroll)* 



Amount 
111.000) 



Per- 
cent 
of 



Payroll, 
entire year 



Payroll, 

workweek 

ended nearest 

Nov. 15 



Paid employees, workweek 
ended nearest- 



March 15 
(Number) 



May 15 
(Number) 



Aug. 15 
(Number) 



Nov, 15 
(Number) 



propne- 
tors of 
unincor- 
porated 

busi- 
nesses. 

Nov. 
( Number) 



MOUNTAIN 



Wholesale tnde, total 



T^pe of Operanoo 

Merchant wholesalers ... .. 

Manu^ctnrers' sales branches, sales offices 

Petroleum bulk plants, tennlnals and LP gas £t(iUtiea. 

Merchandise agents, brokers 

Assemblers of farm products 



Type bf Kind of Bosiness 

Merchant wholesalers 

Grocery, confectionery, meat wholesalers. . 

General-line gitjcery wholesalers 

Confectionery wholesalers . 

Fish, sea food distributors 

Meat, meat products wholesalera 

Specialty-line grocery wholesalers 



Farm products (edible) distributors 

Poultry, poultry products distributors.. 
Fresh fruit, vegetable wholesalers 



Beer, wine, distilled spirits wholesalerB. 

Beer, ale distributors.. 

Wine, distilled spirits wholesalers 



Tobacco distributors. . 



Drugs, chemicals, alhed products wholesalers... 

General-line (irug wholesalers 

Specialty-line drug, toiletries wholesalers 

Industrial chemicals, explosives distributors.. 
Paint, varnish wholesalers 



Dry gtx)ds, apparel wholesalers 

Clothing, furnishings, footwear wholesalers. 

CJeneral-line dry goo(ls wholesalers 

Specialty-line (iry goods wholesalers 

Piece goods converters 



Furniture, home fimiishingB wholesalers 

Fumitiire (household, office) wholesalers 

Home fiunishings, floor coverings wholesalers. . 



Paper, allied products wholesalers 

Coarse paper and products wholesalers. . 

Printing and 5ne paper distributors 

Stationery, office supplies wholesalers. . . 
Wallpaper wholesalers 



Farm products (raw materials) merchants. 



Automotive wholesalers 

Motor vehicle distributors. 

Automotive equipment, tire-tube wholesalers. . 



Electrical, electronics, appliance distributors 

Electrical apparatus, supplies distributors 

Electrical appliance, radio, TV set wholesalers.. 
Electronic parts, equipment distributors 



Hardware, pltunbing-heating goods wholesalers 

Hardware wholesalers 

Plumbing, heating equipment, suppUes distributors. 



Lumber, construction materials distributors-. 

Limiber, millwork wholesalers 

Construction materials distributors 



Machinery, equipment, euppliea distributors 

Air conditioning, comm. refrigeration equip., distrs. 

Commercial machines, equipment distributors 

Construction machinery, equipment dealers 

Farm-garden machinery, equipment wholesalers 

Industrial machinery, equipment distributors.. 

Industrial materials, supplies distributors 

Professional equipment, supplies distributors ... 

Service establishment supply houses 

Transportation equipment (listributors 



Metals, metalwork (except scrap) distributors-. 

Iron, steel and products distributors 

NonferrouB metals distributors 



Scrap, waste materials dealers.. 

Iron, steel scrap dealers 

Waste materials dealers 



5,318 
759 

2,3U 
581 

1,048 



5,318 
669 
142 
58 
20 
125 
32A 

343 

78 

265 

297 
230 
67 



168 
20 



109 
50 



242 
95 
86 
61 

180 

53 

127 

384 
126 
258 



141 
123 

75 
229 

93 

85 
175 

14 

82 
75 



153 
83 

70 



Other merchant wholesalers.. 

Amusement, sporting goods distributors 

Book, magazine, newspaper wholesalers . 

Coal wholcrtalera .. 

Farm supplies whcjleaalers 

Jewelry wholesalers.. . 

PetroleiuTi products distributors. .'...«... 

Gift, art goods, greeting card wholesalers 

Flower, bulb, plant wholesalers 

Miscellaneous products merchant wholesalers 

Standard Notes: (D) Withheld to avoid disclosure. 
. . . Represents zero. 

Enti-lea for merohandlae agents and brokers represent brokerage 



530 



123 
45 
87 



2,562,906 

1,066,305 

679,135 

956,405 

588,945 



2,562,906 

460,768 

299,619 

12,636 

9,963 

48,007 

90,543 

16(5,822 
33,461 
127,361 

168,779 
81,637 
87,142 

84,530 

85,863 
47,627 
15,172 
18,198 
4,866 

28,226 
12,949 
4,825 
10,452 



35,246 
U,942 
23,304 

52,119 

33,876 

11,589 

(D) 

CD) 

162,341 

179,010 
27,443 
151,567 

174,298 
90,703 
70,454 
13,141 

158,263 
73,647 
84,6a 

206,742 
119,684 
87,058 

375,463 
20,396 
24,191 

100,504 
30,488 

104,150 
34,149 
26,704 
31,409 
3,472 

36,856 
34,968 
1,888 

27,725 
18,237 
9,488 

165,850 
16,204 
16,108 

1,549 
52,943 

7,669 
27,050 

3,219 

7,674 
33,434 



383,896 



265,508 
57,481 
33,683 
2,557 
24,667 



265,508 
32,701 
24,651 
798 
765 
1,098 
5,389 

3,886 

409 

3,477 

15,117 
4,762 
10,355 

3,722 

10,860 
7,427 
1,440 
1,««0 
513 

3,434 

1,739 

762 

933 



4,658 
1,346 
3,312 

7,231 

4,641 

1,358 

(D) 

(D) 

10,376 

27,972 
1,460 
26,512 

20,767 
9,994 
8,711 
2,062 

28, 7U 
16,523 
12,191 

13,233 
8,514 
4,719 

59,507 
1,739 
2,9U 

19,503 
5,309 

16,301 
4,417 
4,167 
4,799 
361 

5,994 

5,685 

309 

1,739 
950 
789 

15,597 

2,391 

1,253 

2 

5,893 

1,430 

977 

421 

287 

2,943 



367,385 
105,447 
80,488 
23,772 
49,624 



367,385 

44,330 

20,421 

1,448 

1,094 
7,249 
U,118 

23,168 
3,277 
19,891 

20,275 
U,771 
8,504 

5,453 

14,452 
6,704 
3,358 
3,095 
1,295 

4,252 
2,223 

660 
1,369 



6,132 
2,740 
3,392 

9,241 
5,630 
1,564 

(D) 
(D) 

7,764 

39,588 
4,510 
35,078 

23,248 
10,153 
10,102 
2,993 

25,985 
13,091 
12,894 

32,618 
10,677 
21,941 

71,258 
3,664 
5,975 

18,806 
5,255 

15,199 
5,766 
7,272 
8,213 
1,108 

6,177 

5,817 

360 

5,013 
2,815 
2,198 

28,331 
3,196 
3,435 

290 
8,037 
1,524 
4,795 

727 
1,547 
4,780 



9.9 
11.9 



14.3 
9.6 
6.8 

11.5 

11.0 
15.1 

15.6 

14.4 
9.8 
15.6 

12.0 
14.4 
9.8 

6.5 

16.8 
14.1 
22.1 
17.0 
26.6 

15.1 
17.2 
U.7 



17.4 
22.9 

14.6 

17.7 

16.6 

13.5 

(D) 

(D) 

4.8 

22.1 
16.4 
23.1 

13.3 
11.2 
14.3 
22.8 

16.4 
17.8 
15.2 

15.8 
8.9 
25.2 

19.0 
18.0 
24.7 
18.7 
17.2 
14.6 
16.9 
27.2 
26.1 
31.9 



16.8 
16.6 
19.1 

18.1 
15.4 
23.2 

17.1 
19.7 
21.3 
18.7 
15.2 
19.9 
17.7 
22.6 
20.2 
14.3 



193,698 
49,383 
a,218 
9,550 
22,547 



193,698 
23,327 
12,416 
737 
505 
3,559 
6,110 

11,455 
1,546 
9,909 

9,531 
5,034 
4,497 

2,723 

7,594 
4,005 
1,572 
1,361 
656 

2,502 

1,150 

463 

889 



3,144 
1,437 
1,707 

5,379 

3,288 

943 

(D) 

CD) 

3,045 

22,889 
2,551 
20,338 

12,783 
5,830 
5,329 
1,624 

15,173 
8,294 
6,879 

17.732 

5,940 

11,792 

36,738 
1,631 
3,078 

10,599 
2,550 
6,687 
2,861 
4,485 
4,243 
604 

3,235 

3,107 

128 

2,643 
1,517 
1,126 

13,805 
1,815 
1,943 

222 
4.184 

797 
1,358 

341 

913 
2,232 



4,038,256 
999,689 
446,151 
198,715 
511,233 



4,038,256 
522,466 
294,994 
16,390 

9,401 
66,772 
134,909 

218,521 
29,713 
188,808 

201,023 
104,772 
%,251 

52,826 

163,906 
82,048 
35,922 
32,722 
13,214 

55j268 
22,910 
10,279 
22,079 



59,125 
29,201 
29,924 

103,748 

64,733 

16,935 

(D) 

(D) 

60,797 

483,639 

62, 186 

421,453 

254,044 
115,770 
UO, 587 
27,687 

297,206 
160, 504 
U6,702 

368,769 
125,274 
243,495 

766,073 
35,974 
62,286 

225,393 
50,817 

U8,391 
63, U8 
87,748 
87,923 
14,403 

78,801 
74,916 
3,885 

51,689 
27,941 
23,748 

300,355 
35,572 
36,538 
4,836 
97,561 
18,886 
26,906 
6,167 
23,185 
50,704 



47,546 
10,144 
5,377 
3,367 
7,918 



47,546 

6,151 

3,219 

2U 

138 

849 

1,734 

3,346 

487 

2,859 

2,051 

1,127 

924 



.,909 
,048 
403 
310 
148 

602 
324 
97 
181 



764 
315 
449 

1,312 
785 
228 

(D) 
(D) 

796 

5,729 

611 

5,118 

2,859 

1,303 

1,157 

399 

3,637 
2,134 
1,503 

3,636 
1,259 
2,377 

8,350 
322 
716 

2,157 
587 

1,663 
652 

1,052 

1,066 
U5 

719 
685 



454 
426 

.,081 
441 
644 
54 
,341 
240 
376 
118 
239 
628 



48,086 
10,163 
5,469 
3,388 
6,797 



48,086 

6,290 

3,237 

226 

146 

885 

1,796 

3,521 

497 

3,024 

2,102 

1,175 

927 

729 

1,917 

1,029 

414 

321 

153 

595 
318 
98 
179 



757 
312 
445 

1,323 
803 
226 

(D) 
CD) 

809 

5,761 

610 

5,151 

2,869 

1,310 

1,153 

406 

3,657 
2,155 
1,502 

4,004 
1,316 
2,688 

8,383 
352 
727 

2,135 
599 

1,675 
659 

1,036 

1,063 
137 

754 
720 
34 

865 
456 
409 



479 
616 
33 
991 
245 
363 
113 
247 
,663 



48,588 

10,310 

5,576 

3,461 

7,U1 



48,588 

6,438 

3,316 

221 

145 

899 

1,857 

3,263 

526 

2,737 

2,188 

1,256 

932 

745 

lj940 

1,043 

415 

328 

154 

605 
308 
102 
195 



722 
304 
418 

1,330 
819 
223 
(D) 
(D) 

829 

5,803 

621 

5,182 

2,899 

1,334 

1,141 

424 

3,732 
2,191 
1,541 

4,212 
1,435 
2,777 

8,440 
397 
742 

2,142 
594 

1,682 
657 

1,038 

1,051 
137 

800 
767 
33 

836 
445 
391 

3,806 
489 
576 
46 

1,071 
252 
374 
104 
225 
669 



0,382 



51,149 

10,288 

5,641 

3,844 

9,460 



752 

2,019 

1,042 

483 

317 

177 

609 
314 
99 
196 



806 
362 
444 

1,351 
318 
226 
(D) 
(D) 

942 

6,006 

677 

57329 

2,860 

1,327 

1,130,' 

403 

3,777 
2,204 
1,573 

4,372 
1,480 
2,892 

8,691 
385 
793 

2,180 
590 

1,720 
753 

1,049 

1,078 
143 

788 

754 

34 

926 

470 
456 



463 
651 
56 
1,652 
249 
380 
119 
310 
894 



2,043 
531 
327 



3,389 

446 

28 

56 

20 

122 

220 

340 
88 
252 

228 

205 
23 



3 
37 



40 
28 



37 
40 



58 
25 



(D) 
(D) 



443 

38 

405 

107 
33 
31 
43 



27 
53 

263 
73 
190 



107 
29 
38 
89 
49 
42 

129 
3 



34 
1 

153 
94 
59 

326 
43 
56 
10 
53 
29 
55 
21 



( NA I Not available. n.e.c. Not elsewhere cUissilied. XXX Not applicable. (Z) Less than $500 or less than 0.0.5 percent, 
nmlsslon received. 



UNITED STATES SUMMARY 



1-43 



Table ID. WHOLESALE TRADE: U)54-GEOGRAPHlC DIVISIONS, BY TYPE OF OPERATION AND KIND OF 

BUSINESS-Continued 
Establishments, Sales, Inventories, Operating Expenses, Payroll, and Personnel 



Geographic division, 
type of operation, and kind of business 



Estab- 
lish, 
ments 



Inventories, 

end of 

year. 

at cost 



Operating expenses 
(inc. payroll)* 



Amount 
(tl.OOO) 



Per- 

i^nt 

of 

sales 



Payroll, 
entire year 



Payroll, 

workweek 

eniled nearest 

Nov. 15 



March 1.5 
(Number) 



Paid employees, ivorkweek 
ended nearest- 



May 15 
(Niimberi 



Aug. 15 
(N^imber) 



Nov. 16 
INuinheT) 



Active 
proprie- 
torti of 
unincor- 
porated 
busi- 
nes.ses, 
Nov, 
(Numix^r) 



MOUNTAIN— Continued 



Type b^ Kind of Bqiineti— Coo. 



Biann&cmren' sales braocbes. sales oficcs. 

Sales branches (with stocks) - . 

Soles ofiBces (without stocks) 



Food and kintlred products. . . . 
Sales branches (with stocks) . . 
Sales offices (without stocks) - 



Textile mill prtxlucts 

Sales branches (with stocks) . . 
Sales offices (without stocks) . 



Apparel and related products... 
Sales branches (with stocks) . . 
Sales offices (without stocks). 



Fiimitiire and fixtixres 

Sales branches (with stocks) . . 
Sales offices (without stocks).. 



Paper and alUed products 

Sales branches (with stocks). . 
Sales offices (without stocks).. 

Chemicals and aUied products.. 
Sales branches (wiUi stocks).. 
Sales offices (without stocks).. 



Rubber products 

Sales branches (with stocks) . . 
Sales offices (without stocks). 

Leather and leather products 

Sales branches (with stocks). . 
Sales offices (without stocks) . 



Stone, clay, and glass products.. 
Sales branches (with stocks) . . 
Sales offices (without stocks).. 



Primary metal products 

Sales branches (with stocks) . . 
Sales offices (without stocks).. 



Fabricated metal prtxlucts 

Sales branches (with stocks). . 
Sales offices (without stocks).. 

Machinery (except electrical) 

Sales branches (with stocks) . . 
Sales offices (without stocks). 



Electrical machinery 

Sales branches (with stocks) . . 
Sales offices (without stocks) . 



Transportation equipment 

Sales branches (with stocks) . . 
Sales offices (without stocks) . 



InstTiiments and related produetB.. 

Sales branches (with stocks) 

Sales offices (without stocks) 



Other maniifactiireis' products* . 
Sales branches (with stocks) . . 
Sales offices (without stocks).. 



Petrolciun bulk plants, tcrmioalj and LP gaj bcilittes.. 

Gasoline, (iistiUatea, residuals 

Bulk plants 

Distributing terminals 

Wholesale LP gas faciiitieB-. 



Merchaodiie agents, brokers. 
Grocery, confectionery, mes 

Groceries (combination of food lines). 

Canned foods 

Coffee, tea, spices _. 

Confectionery 

Flour 

Meats, provisions (except canned) 



Miscellaneous grocery prtiducts.. 



Farm products (edible) 

Dairj', poiiltry prtxlucts. 
Fruits, vegetables 



TV iigB chemicals, paints . 

Drugs, proprietaries, toiletries 

Chemicals, explosives 

Paints, varnishes, lacquers, enamels.. 



759 

216 

146 
106 
40 



33 
20 
13 

215 
178 
37 

39 
24 



2,313 
2,243 
2,227 



1,066,305 
678,894 
387,411 

162,306 
125,634 
36,672 

5,907 
(D) 
CD) 

(D) 

(D) 
(D) 

(D) 
(D) 



33,185 

33,185 

70,189 
49,821 
20,368 

87,709 
(D) 
(D) 

CD) 
CD) 



51,260 

9,443 

41,817 

153,588 

9,141 

144,447 

35,062 
10,573 
24,489 

128,273 
U7,998 
10,275 

101,948 
90,608 
11,340 

170,727 
CD) 
CO) 

11,205 
CD) 
CD) 

50.983 
10,679 
40,304 

679,135 
662,605 
639,709 
22,896 
16,530 

956,405 

144,356 

6,135 

88,293 

CD) 

CD) 

CD) 
19,895 
22,952 

39,869 

2,069 

37,800 

3,547 
CD) 
CD) 
CD) 



57,481 
57,481 



4,548 
4,548 



253 

CD) 
CD) 

CD) 
CD) 
CD) 

CD) 

CD) 



3,425 
3,425 



U,807 
CD) 
CD) 



CD) 
CD) 



1,057 
1,057 



1,846 
1,846 



17,110 
17, UO 



4,149 
4,149 



9,787 
CD) 
CD) 

937 
CD) 
CD) 

1,390 
1,390 



33,683 

32,623 

31,393 

1,230 

1,060 

2,557 
28 



CD) 
CD) 



21 
CD) 
CD) 
(D) 



105,447 
85,945 
19,502 

20,185 
16,100 
4,085 

297 
CD) 
CD) 

CD) 
CD) 
CD) 

CD) 
CD) 



4,232 

4,232 

9,580 
7,368 
2,212 

6,952 
CD) 
CD) 

CD) 
CD) 



3,702 
1,757 
1,945 

3,337 

903 

2,434 

1,971 

1,391 

580 

23,205 
22,159 
1,046 

12,107 

U,547 

560 

12,306 
CD) 
CD) 

3,444 
CD) 
CD) 

3,736 
2,159 
1,577 

80,488 
75,238 
72,677 
2,561 
5,250 

23,772 

4,569 

174 

2,764 

CD) 

CD) 

CD) 
448 
965 

1,238 

39 

1,199 

208 

CD) 
CD) 
CD) 



9.9 

12.7 

5.0 

12.4 
12.8 
11.1 

5.0 
CD) 
CD) 

CD) 
CD) 
CD) 

CD) 
CD) 



12.8 

12.8 

13.6 
14.8 
10.9 

7.9 
CD) 
CD) 

CD) 
CD) 



7,2 
18.6 
4.7 

2.2 
9.9 
1.7 

5.6 
13.2 
2.4 

18.1 

18 

10.2 

11.9 
12.7 
4.9 

7.2 
CD) 
CD) 

30.7 
CD) 
CD) 

7.3 
20.2 
3.9 

11.9 
11.4 
11.4 
11.2 
31.8 

2.5 
3.2 
2.8 
3.1 
CD) 
CD) 

CD) 
2.3 

4.2 

3.1 
1.9 
3.2 

5.9 

CD) 
CD) 
CD) 



49,383 

42,109 

7,274 

8,556 
7,138 
1,418 

173 
CD) 
CD) 

CD) 
CD) 
CD) 

CD) 
CD) 



3,986 

3,156 

830 

2,380 
CD) 
CD) 

CD) 
CD) 



1,581 
858 
723 

1,738 

393 

1,345 

1,051 
736 
315 

13,624 

13,060 

564 

5,123 

4,788 

335 

6,254 
CD) 
CD) 

2,081 
CD) 
CD) 

2,001 

1,304 

697 

21,218 
18,803 
18,340 
463 
2,415 

9,550 

1,982 

85 

1,259 

CD) 

CD) 

CD) 
241 
316 

376 
12 
364 

66 
CD) 
CD) 
CD) 



999,689 
851,071 
148,618 

169,526 
143,286 
26,240 

3,064 
CD) 
CD) 

CD) 
CD) 
CD) 

CD) 
CD) 



12,745 

12,745 

85,344 
66,460 
18,884 

48,470 
CD) 
CD) 



32,521 
18,271 
14,250 

39,840 
9,465 
30,375 

19,454 
13,734 
5,720 

275,551 

265,258 

10,293 

100,467 

93,986 

6,481 

U8,072 
CD) 
CD) 

41,247 
CD) 
CD) 

48,632 
33,380 
15,252 

446,151 

398,552 

388,732 

9,820 

47,599 

198,715 

37,226 

1,656 

21,021 

CD) 

CD) 

CD) 
6,011 
6,931 

6,982 

CZ) 

6,760 

2,079 
CD) 
CD) 
CD) 



10,144 
8,850 
1,294 

1,912 

1,660 

252 

30 
CD) 
CD) 

CD) 
CD) 
CD) 

CD) 
CD) 



114 

114 

817 
667 
150 

478 
CD) 
CD) 

CD) 
CD) 



308 
190 
U8 

274 
72 
202 

214 

164 

50 

2,684 

2,556 

128 

1,003 
941 
62 

1,288 
CD) 
CD) 

469 
CD) 
CD) 

497 
356 
141 

5,377 

4,777 

4,684 

93 

600 

3,367 
464 
21 
277 
CD) 
CD) 

CD) 
66 



10,163 
8,848 
1,315 

1,914 

1,651 

263 

30 

CD) 
CD) 

CD) 
CD) 
CD) 

CD) 
CD) 



117 

117 

830 
680 
150 

479 
CD) 
CD) 

CD) 
CD) 



319 
193 
126 



219 

168 

51 

2,682 

2,561 

121 

980 

922 

58 

1,274 
CD) 
CD) 

468 
CD) 
CD) 

513 
366 

147 

5,469 

4,859 

4,767 

92 

610 

3,388 
472 
21 
292 
CD) 
CD) 

CD) 
60 
87 



126 


95 


7 


7 


119 


88 


1? 


12 


CD) 


CD) 


CD) 


CD) 


(D) 


CD) 



10,310 
8,991 
1,319 

1,936 

1,667 

269 

28 
CD) 
CD) 

CD) 
CD) 
CD) 

CD) 
CD) 



116 

116 

829 
680 
149 

480 
CD) 
CD) 

CD) 
CD) 



319 
194 
125 

285 
71 
214 

237 
183 



2,707 
2,592 

115 

989 

933 

56 

1,3U 
CD) 
CD) 

483 
CD) 
CD) 



10,288 
8,957 
1,331 

1,920 

1,653 

267 



CD) 

CD) 

CD) 
CD) 
CD) 

CD) 
CD) 



118 
118 



724 
156 

485 
CD) 
CD) 

CD) 
CD) 



328 
203 
125 

285 

71 

a4 

228 
175 
53 

2,684 

2,564 

120 

967 
914 



1,307 
CD) 
CD) 

487 
CD) 
CD) 



534 


517 


390 


366 


144 


151 


5,576 


5,641 


4,970 


5,037 


4,877 


4,932 


93 


105 


606 


604 


3,461 


3,844 


481 


471 


20 


20 


295 
CD) 
CD) 


290 
CD) 
CD) 


CD) 


CD) 


67 


57 


87 


92 


81 


94 


7 


7 


74 


87 


15 


16 


(D) 
CD) 
CD) 


CD) 
CD) 
CD) 



CD) 
CD) 

CD) 
CD) 
CD) 

CD) 
CD) 



CD) 
CD) 



CD) 
CD) 



CD) 
CD) 



CD) 
CD) 



2,043 

2,017 

2,016 

1 

26 

531 

104 

56 
(D) 

CD) 

CD) 



5 
CD) 
CD) 
CD) 



n.e.c. Not elsewhere classiiied. XXX Not applicable. (Z) Less than $500 or less than 0.05 percent. 



Standard Notes: (D) Withheld to avoid disclosure. CNAl Not avaUable. 

. . . Represents zero. 

•Includes tobacco manufactures, lumber and products (except furniture), printing and publishing, coal products, and miscellaneous manufactures. 

^En-tries for loerchsiidise agents and brokers represent brokerage or connEission received. 



1-44 



WHOLESALE TRADE-SUMMARY STATISTICS 



Table ID. WHOLESALE TRADE; 1954-GEOGRAPHIC DIVISIONS, BY TYPE OF OPERATION AND KIND OF 

BUSINESS-Continued 
Establishments, Sales, Inventories, Operating Expenses, Payroll, and Personnel 



Geographic division, 
type of operation, and kind of business 



MOUNTAIN — Continued 



Type by Kind of Business— Con- 
Merchandise agents, brokers— Con. 

Apparel (including footwear) 

Clothing, furnishings [men's, women's)-.. - 

Men's, boys' clothing, fiirnisliings - 

Women's, children's clothing, accessories — 

Furs (dressed), fur clothing _ 

Handbags - -- 

Millinery, millinery supplies - - - 

Shoes, other footwear - 

Work clothing - 



Dry goods, piece goods.. - . . . 

Hosiery 

Dry goods. 
Piece goods 

Furniture, home furnishings. 

Furniture 

Home furnishings 

Paper, allied products. -. 
Paper.. . - -- 

Stationery, oflBce supplies. . 



Farm products (raw materials) 

Cotton..- --- * 

Grain 

Hides, skins, raw furs 

Livestock 

Tobacco fleaO 

Wool, mohair 

Miscellaneous inedible farm products. 



Automotive 

Electrical-electronic apparatus, equip., appliances. - 

Electrical apparatus, supplies . , . . - . - - 

Appliances, radios, TV seta. - 

Electronic parts, equipment ,.._._ 

Hardware, plumbing-heating goods. 

Hardware _. 

Plumbing, heating goods 

LuiJiber, c.»nstruction materials 

Lumber, niillwork, . --. 

Construction materials fexcept lumber) . 



Machinery, equipment, supplies. , . _ _ _ . _ . 

Air conditioning, commercial refrigeration equipment. 

Commercial machines, equipment , 

Construction i.iachinery, equipment 

Farm-garden machinery, equipment 

Industrial machinery, equipment, supplies. 

Professional equipment, supplies 

Service estabhshment equipment, supplies. - . . . 
Transportation (exc. automotive) equip., suppUes 



Metals, metalwork (except scrap).. 

Iron, steel and products. . 

Xonferroufl metnls, metalwork.. 



Other merchandise agents, brokers 

Scrap iron and steel - . 

Amusements, sporting goods, toys. _ 

Books, magazines, newspapers 

Coal, coke. ... . - 

Farm supplies 

Jewelry 

Yams... 

Petroleum and products 

General merchandise. . 

Miscellaneous products, agents, brokers, n 

Assemblers of farm products 
Dairy, poultry jiroducts. 

Fresh fruits, vegetables 

Farm products (raw materials). _ . . 

Farm suppliw 

Other farm products assemblers. . 



Estab- 
lish- 
ments 



136 
12 
3 



18 

1,048 

35 

202 

765 

46 



I 



3,142 

(D) 



3,288 
(D) 
(D) 

1,637 

14,133 
9,935 
4,198 

2,271 
(D) 
(D) 

560,038 

37,358 

1,121 



36,056 

24,390 

14,214 
6,577 
3,599 

12,337 
3,437 
8,900 

26,969 

21,207 
5,762 

25,172 
2,292 
1,890 

(D) 

14,729 

(D) 
(D) 

8,748 
(D) 
(D) 

52,089 
(D) 
CD) 
(D) 
(D) 
(D) 
(D) 

18,658 
4,522 
10,044 

588,945 

42,977 

CD) 

441,811 
CD) 



Inventories. 

end of 

year. 

at cost 



Operating expenses 
(inc. payroll)^ 



(D) 
(D) 



(D) 
(D) 



1,845 

1,094 

185 



Amount 
<$1.Q0QI 



305 

20 

2 

(D) 



(D) 
(D) 

116 
(D) 
(D) 

54 
(D) 
(D) 
(D) 
(D) 
(D) 
(D) 



30 

24,667 

1,417 

(D) 

18,321 

(D) 



Standard Notes: (D) Withheld to avoid disclosure. 
. . . Represents zero. 
Entries for merchandise agents and iDrokers represent tjrolcerage or ooramlsalon received . 



109 
(D) 



148 
(D) 
(D) 



839 

573 
266 

226 

(D) 
(D) 



7,936 

451 



7,306 
115 

839 

1,636 

1,073 

352 

211 



Per- 
cent 
of 
sales 



(D) 



10.0 
(D) 
(D) 

1.4 
1.2 

5.7 

1.4 
3.5 



Payroll, 
entire year 



Payroll, 

workweek 

ended nearest 

Nov. 15 



838 


6.8 


202 


5.9 


636 


7.1 


1,051 


3.9 


708 


3.3 


343 


6.0 


1,909 


7.6 


166 


7.2 


204 


10.8 


(D) 


(D) 


1,186 


8.1 


(D) 


(D) 


(D) 


(D) 


605 


6.9 


(D) 


(D) 


(D) 


(D) 


1,621 


3.1 


(D) 


(D) 


(D) 


(D) 


(D) 


(D) 


(D) 


(D) 


(D) 


(D) 


(D) 


(D) 


479 


2.6 


228 


5.0 


533 


5.3 


49,624 


8.4 


3,082 


7.2 


(D) 


(D) 


23,641 


5.4 


(D) 


(D) 



(D) 



319 
247 



114 
(D) 
(D) 

3,500 
95 
27 

3,289 

89 



439 
317 
90 



436 
302 
134 



144 
(D) 



(D) 
(D) 

261 
(D) 
(D) 



(D) 
(D) 
(D) 
(D) 
(D) 
(D) 

195 
82 
162 

22,547 

1,487 

(D) 

10,634 

(D) 



Paid employees, workweek 
ended nearest- 



March l.S 
(Numher) 



1,148 
(D) 
(D) 
(Z) 

5,344 
3,669 
1,675 

2,490 

(D) 
(D) 

82,364 
2,365 
1,508 



5,548 

9,054 

6,317 

1,621 

616 

5,669 
1,193 
4,476 

8,225 
5,528 
2,697 

13,o25 

1,158 

2,558 

(D) 

8,083 

(D) 
(D) 

4,638 
(D) 
(D) 

14,003 
(D) 
(0) 
(D) 
(D) 
(D) 
(D) 

5,199 
1,852 
3,446 

511,233 
29,918 

(D) 
228,989 

(D) 



15 

(D) 

(D) 

7 

71 
50 

21 
(D) 
(D) 



1,881 
38 



100 
70 
24 



156 
15 
21 

(D) 



<D) 



(D) 
(D) 

153 
(D) 
(D) 
(D) 
(D) 
(B) 
(0) 

32 

34 

44 

7,918 
402 
(D) 

2,807 

(D) 



May 1.5 
t Numher) 






Aug. 15 
(Numher) 



18 
(D) 
(0) 



68 
48 
20 

21 
(D) 
(D) 

1,939 



1,857 
49 



35 
(D) 



(D) 

(D) 

68 
(D) 
(D) 

170 
(D) 
(D) 
(D) 
(D) 
(D) 
(D) 



42 

6,797 
418 
(D) 

2,785 
(D) 



10 
(D) 



16 

(d: 

(D 



64 
43 
21 

21 
(D) 
(C) 

2,050 
21 



1,985 
35 



Nov. 15 
tNum)KT) 



(D) 
(D) 

1.0 
(D) 
(D) 

155 
(D) 
(D) 
(D) 
(D) 
(D) 
(D) 

39 
31 
41 

7,141 
570 
(D) 

3,ia 

(D) 



15 
(D) 
(D) 

7 



20 
CD) 
(D) 

2,383 

31 
30 

2,294 



89 

110 
80 
21 



32 

(D) 



(D) 
(D) 



(D) 
(D) 

188 
(D) 
(D) 
(D) 
(D) 
(D) 
(0) 



44 

9,460 
571 
(D) 

3,280 
(D) 



Active 
proprie- 
tors of 
unincor- 
porated 
busi- 
nesses. 
Nov. 



(.NAl Not available. n.e.c. Not elsewhere classified. XXX Not applicable. (Zl I.4B.S Ihnn .1:500 or less than 0,05 perceiil 



UNITED STATES SUMMARY 



1-45 



Table ID. WHOLESALE TRADE: l';^4-GEOGRAPHlC DIVISIONS. BY TYPE OF OPERATION AND KIND OF 

BUSINESS-Continued 
Establishments. Sales, Inventories, Operating Expenses. Payroll, and Personnel 



Geographic division, 
type of operation, and kind of business 



Rstali- 
lish- 
ment.s 



Sales 



Inventories, 

enti of 

yeai. 

at cast 



Operating exfjenses 
(inc. payioll)' 



Amount 

igl.QOO) 



Pei- 
cent 
of 



Payinll. 
entire year 



Payroll, 

workweek 

ended nearest 

Nov, I.S 



F'aiH employees, workweek 
ended nearest- 



March 15 
(NumlK-r) 



May 1.5 
(NumhtT) 



Aug. 15 
(NiimlM.rt 



Nov. 15 
jNumheri 



Active 
proprie- 
tors of 
unincor- 
poratt^l 

husi- 
ne.s.ses, 

Nov. 
(NumlKT) 



Wholesale tr^de. loial 



Type of Opervtion 

Merchant wholesalers 

Maaiifacmrcrs' sales branches, sales offices 

Petroleum bulk plants, terminals and LP gas facilities - 

Merchandise agents, brokers .. — . 

Assemblers of farm products ... 



Type by Kind of Business 

Mercbaot wholesalers. - 

Grocery, confectionery, meat wholesalets. - 

General-line grocery wholesalers 

Confectionery wholesalers 

Fish, sea food distributors . . 

Meat, meat products wholesalers- - - - - 
Specialty-line grocery wholesalers. . 

Farm products (edible) distributors 

Poiiltry, poultry products distributors. . . 
Fresh fruit, vegetable wholesalers 



Beer, wine, ilistilled spirits wbotesaleis. 

Beer, ale distributors 

Wine, distilled spirits wholesaler 



Tobacco distributors.. 



Drugs, chemicals, allied products wholesalers... 

General-line drug wholesalers 

Specialty-line drug, toiletries wholesalers 

Industrial chemicals, explosives distributors.. 
Paint, varnish wholesalers. 



Dry goods, apparel wholesalers 

Clothing, furriishings. footwear wholesalers. 

General-line dry goods wholesalers.. 

Specialty-line dry goods wholesalers 

Hece goods converters 



Fumitiire, home furnishings wholesalers.. . 

Furniture (household, office) wholesalers 

Home furnishings, fl<K>r coverings wholesalers. 



Paper, allied products wholesalers 

Coarse paper and products wholesalers. 

Printing and fine paper distributors 

Stationery, office supplies wholesalers 

Wallpaper wholesalers 



Farm products (raw materials) merchanta. 



Automotive wholesalers 

Motor vehicle distributors 

Automotive equipment, tire-tube wholesalers.. 



Electrical, electronics, appliance distributors 

Electrical apparatus, supplies distributors 

Electrical appUance, raciio, TV set wholesalers. 
Electronic parts, eqtiipment distributors 



Hardware, plumbing-heating goods wholesalers ... 

Hardware wholesalers 

Plumbing, heating equipment, supplies distributors. 



Liunber, construction materials distributors.. 

Ltmiber, millwork wholesalers 

(instruction materials distributors 



Machinery, eqtiipment, supplies distributors. 

Air conditioning, comm. refrigeration equip., distrs- 

Commercial machines, equipment distributors 

Construction machinery, eqtjipment dealers... 

Farm-garden machinery, eqiiipment wholesalers 

Indiistrial machinery, equipment distributors 

Industrial materials, supplies distributors 

Professional equipment, supplies distributors... 

Service establishment supply houses 

Transportation equipment (distributors -- 



Metals, metalwork (except scrap) distributors.. 

Iron, steel and products distributors 

Non/errous metals distributors 



Scrap, waste materials dealers. , 

Iron, steel scrap dealers 

Waste materials dealers 



27,529 



18,562 
.,832 
2,531 
2,467 
1,137 



18,562 
2,117 
269 
140 
200 
521 
987 

1,091 
242 
849 

661 
450 
211 



633 
30 
283 
196 
124 

o30 
336 

12 
258 

24 

577 
250 
327 

410 
213 

50 
126 

21 



2,104 

185 

1,919 

828 
360 
237 
231 

684 
266 
418 

1,530 
729 
801 

3,626 
223 
437 
198 
157 
775 
644 
320 
593 
279 

407 
346 



593 
265 
328 

2,223 

373 
264 
16 
306 
228 
235 
173 
164 
464 



11,419,923 
6,892,231 
1,809,591 
3,253,o48 
1,131,932 



11,419,923 
' 2,266,022 
904,934 
57,327 
77,274 
343,414 
883,073 

613,055 
116,958 
496,097 

645,009 
248,103 
396,906 

235,897 

390,174 
128,881 
122,743 
111,325 
27, 225 

314,268 
138,904 
39,966 
98,502 
36,896 

269,190 
93,231 
175,959 

274,121 

138,803 

100,357 

31,086 

3,875 

551,728 

519,829 
96,108 
423,721 

729,255 
387,778 
266,640 
74,837 

564,996 
265,623 
299,373 

1,324,525 
974,735 
349,790 

1,284,566 
57,870 
99,272 

143,744 
62,679 

299, 585 

304,032 
91,682 

130,640 
95,062 

317,832 
272,567 
45,265 

148,639 
59,931 
88,708 

970,817 
139,710 

70, 526 

2,523 

221,772 

61,310 
138,685 

22,182 

38,494 
275,615 



1,052,568 
312,522 
81.,, 320 
11,667 
62,832 



1,052,568 
112,446 
59,221 
3,577 
5,280 
6,526 
37,842 

17,971 
2,351 
15,620 

65,488 
12, 362 
53,126 

10,033 

39,622 
18,465 

8,109 
10,965 

2,083 

40,623 
15,941 

7,699 
13,141 

3,342 

35,556 
11,270 
24,286 

28,421 
13, 510 
11,593 
2,709 
609 

47,900 

77,628 
6,504 
71,124 

81,099 
40,795 
30,090 
10,214 

92,682 
49,939 
42,743 

55,796 
34,864 
20,932 

182,650 
7,091 
12,642 
29,431 
11,010 
37,746 
40,604 
13,260 
16,931 
13,935 

64,301 
56,847 
7,454 

16,308 
3,128 
8,180 

84,044 
18,911 
6,855 
80 
18,294 
11,485 
3,734 
2,115 
1,977 
20,593 



Other merchant wholesalers 

Amusement, sporting goods distributors 

Book, magazine, newspaper wholesalers 

Coal wholesalers 

Farm supplies wholesalers 

Jewelry wholesalers 

Petroleum products distributors 

Gift, art giiods. greeting card wholesalers 

Flower, bulb, plant wholesalers 

Miscellaneous products merchant wholesalers 

Standard Notes: (D) Withheld to avoid disclosure. (NA) Not available, n.e.c. Not elsewhere classified. XXX Not applicable. (Z) Less than $.'500 or less than O.O.'i percent. 
. . . Represents zero. 

^Entries for "nerchandise agents and brokers represent brokerage ur cotmnission received. 



1,609,506 
629,983 
182,940 
146,328 
171,360 



1,609,506 
191,741 
50,832 
7,737 
14,005 
40,137 
78,930 

93,612 
15,053 
78,559 

79,346 
35,049 
44,297 

12,577 

59,997 
17,535 
21,010 
15,606 
5,846 

50,269 
24,551 

7,064 
15,935 

2,719 

52,763 
21,840 
30,923 

44,917 
21,969 
13,500 
8,172 
1,276 

26,309 

126,338 

16,736 

109,602 

102,839 
52,736 
34,145 
15,958 

92,619 
50,433 
42, 186 

168,316 
76,225 
92,591 

277, 564 
13,154 
26,588 
27,624 
12, 199 
53,737 
59,557 
22, 512 
32,551 
29,642 

55,210 

47,640 

7,570 

31,012 

12,295 
18,717 

143,577 
26,e09 
12, 593 
519 
27,318 
12,154 
13,827 
5,827 
7,877 
36,853 



14.1 
9.1 

10.1 
4.5 
15.1 



14.1 
8.5 
5.6 

13.6 
18.1 
11.7 
8.9 

15.3 
12.9 
15.8 



5.3 

15.4 
13.6 
17.1 
14.0 
21.5 

16.0 
17.7 
17.7 
16.2 
7.4 

19.6 
23.4 
17.6 

16.4 
15.8 
13.5 
2t,.3 
32.9 



24.3 
17.4 
25.9 

14.1 
13.6 
12.8 
21.3 

16.4 
19.0 
14.1 



26.5 

21.6 
22.7 
26.8 
19.2 
19.5 
17.9 
19.6 
24.6 
24.9 
31.2 

17.4 
17.5 
16.7 

20.9 
20.5 
21.1 

14.8 
19.0 
17.9 
20.6 
12.3 
19.8 
10.0 
26.3 
20.5 
13.4 



857,252 

302,625 

53,303 

61,552 

85,241 



857,252 
100,293 
30,564 
3,341 
6,065 
20,495 
39,323 

48,750 
6,909 

41,841 

43,019 
19,021 
23,998 

6,719 

32,468 
10,627 
10,422 
8,609 
2,810 

23,023 
10,172 
3,529 
8,105 
1,217 

28,008 
12,289 
15,719 

27,379 
13,777 
8,510 
4,424 
668 

11,120 

72,944 
9,013 
63,931 

57,824 
30,622 
13,135 
9,017 

52,351 
29,543 
22,808 

83,907 
36,936 

46,971 

149,666 
6,916 
13,992 
15,895 
6,556 
27,338 
34,016 
12,547 
17,143 
15,263 

30,318 
26,627 
3,691 

16, 585 
6,574 
10,011 

72,878 

13,747 

3,117 

282 

12,388 
6,084 
5,573 
2,323 
4,114 

19,750 



23,213,105 



17,927,434 
6,242,227 
1,068,867 
1,192,493 
1,782,034 



17,927,484 
2,058,276 
632,707 
68,818 
121,927 
397,022 
837,302 

943,509 
143,426 
800,083 

925,131 
390,193 
534,933 

139,668 

669,116 
220,936 
212,784 
179,527 
55,819 

460,082 
201,154 

68,042 
165,312 

25,574 

570,478 
245,362 
324,616 

573,097 
232,730 
184,250 
90,775 
15,342 

207, 540 

1,625,525 

195,184 

1,430,341 

1,294,110 
683,389 
424,129 
186,592 

1,100,367 
602,991 
497,376 

1,745,657 
770,653 
974,999 

3,106,799 
139,222 
296,779 
319,021 
123,424 
571,733 
711,826 
268,336 
366,484 
309,974 

650,165 
567,249 
82,916 

339,611 
139,254 
200,357 

1,518,353 
283,186 
148,625 
7,173 
269,771 
142,864 
109,517 
59,344 
82,170 
415,703 



183, 9o3 
53,147 
11,185 
12,965 
25,600 



183,963 
21,907 
6,328 
856 
1,846 
4,174 
8,703 

11,386 
1,881 
9,505 

8,050 
3,729 
4,321 

1,604 

7,159 
2,466 
2,418 
1,645 
630 

4,950 
2,171 

340 
1,707 

232 

5,949 
2,642 
3,307 

5,764 
2,349 
1,728 
1,018 
169 

2,239 

16,697 
1,928 

14,769 

12,396 
7,090 
3,511 
1,795 

11,208 
6,795 
4,413 

15,937 
6,733 
9,204 

31,271 
1,354 
3,056 
3,032 
1,437 
5,626 
6,787 
2,954 
3,764 
3,211 

5,522 
4,783 

739 

4,123 
1,513 
2,610 

17,801 
3,157 
2,582 
78 
2,767 
1,276 
1,145 
780 
1,014 
5,002 



185,268 
58,456 
U,240 
12,887 
28,003 



185,268 
21,575 
6,330 
876 
1,781 
4,201 
8,387 

12,532 
1,829 
10,703 

8,064 
3,747 
4,317 

1,594 

7,191 
2,459 
2,384 
1,711 
637 

4,942 
2,160 

837 
1,709 

236 

5,968 
2,645 
3,323 

5,759 

2,868 

1,741 

990 

160 

2,305 

16,998 
2,021 
14,977 

12,236 
6,944 
3,496 
1,796 

10,782 
6,343 
4,439 

16,635 
6,952 
9,733 

31,372 
1,401 
3,055 
3,079 
1,562 
5,729 
6,796 
2,944 
3,773 
3,033 

5,694 

4,914 

730 

4,161 
1,558 
2,603 

17,410 
3,213 
2,458 
78 
2,709 
1,224 
1,174 
765 
1,021 
4,768 



190,283 
59,085 
11, 534 
13,798 
33,183 



190,283 
21,969 
6,459 
34 5 
1,711 
4,281 
3,673 

12,928 
1,872 
11,056 

8,299 
3,929 
4,370 

1,629 

7,314 
2,487 

2,462 

1,714 

651 

5,115 

2,266 

845 

1,764 
240 

6,007 
2,635 

3,372 

5,813 
2,940 
1,741 



17,239 
1,908 
15,331 

12,249 
6,815 
3,582 
1,852 

11,486 
6,613 
4,373 

17,134 
7,236 
9,348 

31,558 
1,404 
3,076 
3,112 
1,502 
5,685 
6,881 
2,9>2 
3,850 
3,186 

5,760 
4,952 



4,270 
1,624 
2,64i 

18,068 
3,242 
2,499 
74 
2,950 
1,295 
1,234 
330 
1,043 
.,901 



309,013 

194,262 
59,170 
11,521 
12,t.76 
31,389 



194,262 
23,724 
6,417 
921 
1,857 
4,414 
10,115 

13,112 
2,022 
11,090 

8,268 
3,895 
4,373 

1,621 

7,549 
2,504 
2,549 
1,751 

745 

5,436 
2,485 

845 
1,835 

271 

6,309 
2,789 
3,520 

5,934 
2,952 

1,744 

1,078 

I'O 

2,518 

17,383 

1,1 
15,497 

12,104 
6, 393 
3,701 
2,010 

11,426 
6,498 



17,585 
7,577 
10,008 

31,332 
1,394 
3,207 
3,077 
1,450 
5,765 
6,384 
3,038 
3,933 
3,079 

5,757 

4,939 

818 

4,639 
1,794 
2,345 

19,065 
3,240 
2,485 
81 
3,129 
1,474 
1,237 
1,014 
1,106 
5,299 



13,569 

16 

2,221 

1,991 

469 



13,569 
1,775 
90 
111 
182 
566 
326 

1,163 
271 
392 

50t 
398 
108 



432 

273 

3 

192 



00 
132 
213 

250 

141 
30 
70 
9 



1,709 

129 

1,580 

499 
215 
122 
162 

405 
166 
239 

896 
431 
465 

2,435 
136 
372 
88 
114 
481 
356 
212 
503 
173 

217 
183 
34 

570 
269 
301 

1,607 
2« 
200 
3 
185 
197 
136 
173 
148 
296 



1-46 



WHOLESALE TRADE-SUMMARY STATISTICS 



Table ID. WHOLESALE TRADE: 19^4-GEOGRAPHIC DIVISIONS, BY TYPE OF OPERATION AND KIND OF 

BUSINESS-Continued 
Establishments, Sales, Inventories, Operating Expenses, Payroll, and Personnel 



Geographic division, 
type of operation, and kind of business 



Estab- 
lish- 
menLi 



Inventories, 

end of 

year. 

at cost 



Operating expenses 
(inc. payixiU)' 



Amount 
(tl.OOO) 



Per- 
cent 
of 



Payroll, 
entire year 



Payroll. 

workweek 

ended nearest 

Nov. 15 



Paid employees, workweek 
ended nearest- 



March 15 
(Number) 



May 15 
(Number) 



Aug. 15 
(Number) 



Nov. 15 
(Number) 



Active 
proprie- 
toni of 
unincor- 
porated 
busi- 
nesses, 
Nov. 
(Number) 



PACIFIC — Continued 



Tjrpe by Kiod of Business — Coo. 

Maoufaciurers' sales braocfaes, sales offices 

Sales branches (with stocks) 

Sales offices (without stocks)... 

Food and kindred products. . ..... 

Sales branches (with stocks) 

Sales offices (without stocks) 

Textile mill products ... 

Sales branches (with stocka) 

Sales offices (without stocks) 

Apparel and related products 

Sales branches (with stocks) 

Sales offices (without stocks) ;. 

Fumitiire and fixtures 

Sales branches (with stocks) 

Sales offices (without stocks) 

Paper and aUied products 

Sales branches (with stocks). 

Sales offices (without stocks) 

Chemicals and aUied products 

Sales branches (with stocks) 

Sales offices (without stocks)... 

Rubber products 

Sales branches (with stocks) 

Sales offices (without stocks)... 

Leather and leather products 

Sales branches (with stocks) . 

Sales offices (without stocks) 

Stone, clay, and glass products 

Sales branches (with stocks) 

Sales offices (without stocks) 

Primary metal products 

Sales branches (with stocks) 

Sales offices (without stocks) 

Fabricated metal products 

Sales branches (with stocks) 

Sales offices (without stocks) . . 

Machinery (except electrical) 

Sales branches (with stocks) 

Sales offices (without stocks) 

Electrical machinery 

Sales branches (with stocks) 

Sales offices (without stocks) 

Transportation equipment 

Sales branches (with stocks) 

Sales offices (without stocks) 

Instruments and related products 

Sales branches (with stocka) , 

Sales offices (without stocks) , 

Other manufacturers' products*.. 

Sales branches (with stocks) '. 

Sales offices (without stocks) . 

Petroleum bulk planu, lerminals and LP gas bcilitica. 

Gasoline, distillates, residuals 

Bulk plants 

Distributing terminals __._ 

Wholesale LP gas facilities . . 

Merchandise agents, broker) . . 

Grocery, confectionery, meats. 

Groceries (combination of food lines}.. ,... . 

Canned foods. , 

Coffee, tea, spices 

Confectionery 

Flour 

Meats, provisions (except canned). . . 

Sugar. - . 

Miscellaneous grocery products 

Farm products (edible) 

Dairy, poultry products. 

Fruits, vegetables 

Drugs, rheniicals, paints 

DrugH, proprietaries, toiletries. . . 

Chemicals, explosives 

Paints, viuTiishes, lacquers, enamels 



2,832 

2,016 

816 

470 

331 
U9 

59 
40 
19 

41 
31 
10 



407 
321 
86 

70 
61 



102 
47 



127 
38 
89 

135 
82 
53 

627 
516 
111 

192 
128 
64 

107 
92 
15 

153 

141 
12 

240 
141 
99 

2,531 

2,449 

2,345 

104 

82 

2,467 
355 
23 
16S 
12 
26 



180 
20 
160 



6,892,231 
4,149,301 
2,742,930 

1,371,351 

1,043,835 

327,516 

102,821 
83,220 
19,601 

69,052 
55,601 
13,451 

22,533 
(D) 
(D) 

334,450 

53,908 

280,542 

753,284 
489,328 
263,956 

162,767 

144,128 

18,639 

3,730 
(D) 
(D) 

282,619 
102,949 
179,670 

799,245 
102,561 
696,684 

417,611 
77,839 
339,772 

580,518 
472,480 
108,038 

549,860 
451,349 
98,511 

882,594 
778,798 
103,796 

134,329 

125,838 

8,491 

425,467 
1U,593 
280,874 

1,809,591 

1,790,775 

1,305,923 

484,852 

18,816 

3,253,648 

822,772 

111,769 

344,472 

53,701 

16,838 

12,372 

12,891 

103,209 

167,520 

396,626 
67,773 
328,853 

89,409 
42,253 
39,468 

7,688 



312,522 
312,522 



57,174 
57,174 



6,674 
6,674 



3,933 
3,933 



2,U9 
CD) 
(D) 

4,411 
4,411 



32,745 
32,745 



15,155 
15,155 



520 

(D) 

. (D) 

6,773 
6,773 



7,682 
7,682 



14,870 
14,870 



57,251 
57,251 



29,305 
29,305 



46,881 
46,881 



11,070 
11,070 



15,959 
15,959 



86,320 
85,256 
55,995 
29,261 
1,064 

11,667 

2,486 

254 

1,366 

477 

25 

3 

S 

42 

311 

1,482 
979 
503 

482 
77 
378 



629,983 
483,930 
146,053 

142,648 
113,043 
29,605 

6,384 

5,445 

939 

5,U9 

4,426 

713 

3,636 
(D) 
(D) 

34,902 
4,999 
29,903 

99,389 
75,889 
23,500 

17,942 
16,366 
1,576 

607 
(D) 
(D) 

20,390 
14,351 
6,039 

20,438 
6,U8 
L4,320 

20,467 
13,601 
6,866 

97,133 
89,486 
7,647 

56,234 
50,638 
5,596 

47,435 
44,830 
2,605 

20,972 

20,035 

937 

36,067 
21, lU 
1A,923 

182,940 
178,081 
124,404 
53,677 
4,859 

146,328 

22,999 

3,310 

11, 7U 

614 

701 

126 

314 

1,202 

4,988 

28,267 
8,342 
19,925 

5,942 

4,099 

1,520 

323 



9.1 
11.7 
5.3 

10.4 
10.8 
9.0 



7.4 
8.0 
5.3 

17.0 
(W 
(D) 

10.4 
9.3 
10.7 

13.2 
15.5 
8.9 

11.0 
11.4 
8.5 

16.3 
(D) 
(D) 

7.2 
13.9 
3.4 

2.6 
6.0 

2.1 



16.7 
18.9 
7.1 

10.2 
11.2 

5.7 



15.6 
15.9 
11.0 

8.5 

14.6 

5.3 

10.1 

9.9 

9.5 

11.1 

25.8 

4.5 
2.8 
3.0 
3.4 
1.1 
4.2 
1.0 
2.4 
1.2 
3.0 

7.1 
12.3 
6.1 

6.6 
9.7 
3.9 
4.2 



302,625 

243,495 

59,130 

58,246 
48,183 
10,063 

3,586 

3,115 

471 

2,650 

2,222 

428 

2,2« 
(D) 
(D) 

10,637 
2,726 
7,911 

40,612 

31,372 

9,240 

8,077 

7,354 

723 

441 
■(D) 
(D) 

9,379 
6,412 
2,967 

9,814 
2,859 
6,955 

10,046 
6,436 
3,610 

62,476 
58,671 
3,805 

27,803 
24,917 
2,886 

24,768 

23,584 

1,184 

12,429 

11,910 

519 

19,457 
11,648 
7,809 

53,303 
51,118 
32,296 
18,822 
2,165 

61,552 

10,367 

1,925 

5,261 

415 

270 

49 

115 

456 

1,876 

13,221 
4,513 
6,708 

2,224 

1,223 

3,794 

207 



6,242,227 
5,080,658 
1,161,569 

1,204,155 

1,008,756 

195,399 

66,017 
56,930 
9,037 

51,167 

41,341 

9,826 

43,840 

(D) 
(D) 

224,934 
65,154 
159,780 

854,396 
670,861 
183,535 

162,461 
149,016 
13,445 

14,590 

(D) 
(D) 

198,485 
136,363 
62,122 

193,093 
56,202 
136,891 

198,410 
128,227 
70,183 

1,302,022 

1,228,947 

73,075 

543,105 

486,493 

56,612 

517,927 

498,188 

19,739 

242,305 

233,793 

8,512 

425,320 
272,053 
153,267 

'l, 068, 867 

1,021,659 

665,790 

355,869 

47,208 

1,192,493 

200,893 

34,956 

105,298 

7,551 

5,267 

1,140 

2,400 

9,077 

35,204 

234,857 
90,150 
144,707 

50,170 
27,161 
18,916 
4,093 



56,147 
48,007 
10,140 

11,701 
9,890 

1,8U 

643 
564 



541 
464 



439 
(D) 
(D) 

1,903 

624 

1,279 

8,228 
6,612 
1,616 

1,507 

1,375 

132 

125 

(D) 
(D) 

1,477 
988 
489 

1,657 

561 

1,096 

1,825 

1,230 

595 

11,691 
10,980 

711 

4,985 

4,563 

422 

5,022 

4,767 

255 

2,554 

2,467 

87 

3,849 
2,512 
1,337 

11,185 
10,674 
6,869 
3,805 

511 

12,965 

1,926 

352 

956 

52 

67 

13 

26 

84 

376 

2,446 

929 

1,519 

437 
234 
171 



56,456 
48,304 
10,152 

U,737 
9,866 

1,871 

644 
566 

78 

547 

470 

77 

407 
(D) 
(D) 

1,910 

630 

1,280 

8,242 
6,617 
1,625 

1,506 

1,379 

127 

U9 
(D) 
(D) 

1,529 

1,035 

494 

1,692 

583 

1,109 

1,615 

1,222 

593 

11,657 

10,957 

700 

5,035 

4,610 

425 

5,037 

4,795 

242 

2,571 
2,480 



4,008 
2,693 
1,315 

11,240 
10,742 
6,920 
3,822 
498 

12,887 
1,986 
371 
969 
49 
67 



2,760 

938 

1,822 

487 

282 

172 

33 



59,065 
46,853 
10,232 

11,935 
9,897 
2,038 

658 
580 
76 

550 
475 

75 

404 
(D) 
(D) 

1,905 

618 

1,287 

8,301 
6,706 
1,595 

1,510 

1,386 

124 

115 
(D) 
(D) 

1,422 
923 
499 

1,694 

576 

1,118 

1,628 

1,272 

556 

11,731 

11,097 

634 

5,100 

4,646 

454 

5,121 

4,697 

224 

2,640 
2,563 



4,171 
2,824 
1,347 

11,584 
U,083 
7,188 
3,895 
501 

13,796 

2,046 

363 

1,013 

50 

60 

14 

26 

82 

436 

2,926 

760 

2,166 

467 
261 
172 



59,170 
49,101 
10,069 

11,762 
9,956 
1,804 

671 
589 
82 

590 
479 

m 

417 
(D) 
(D) 

1,923 

627 

1,296 

8,233 
6,649 
1,584 

1,509 

1,365 

124 

113 
(D) 
(D) 

1,611 

1,109 

502 

1,678 

557 

1,121 

1,865 

1,287 

578 

11,836 

11,192 

644 

5,125 

4,666 

459 

5,022 

4,829 

193 

2,617 
2,537 



4,198 
2,829 
1,369 

11,521 
10,990 
7,254 
3,736 
531 

12,676 
1,985 
346 
1,009 
49 
70 
13 
27 
79 
390 

2,431 

915 

1,516 

463 
272 

177 



Standard Notes. (D) Withheld to avoid disclosure. (NA) Not avaitable. n.e.c. Not elsewhere classified. XXX Not applicable. (Z) Less than $600 or less than 0,05 percent. 

. . . Represents zero. 

*lnclud(s tobacco manufactures, lumber and prtxlucta (except furniture), printing and publishing, coal products, and miscelliuieous mtuiufaotures. 

^Entries for mercfiandiae agente and brokers represent bro)(erage or comralsfllon received. 



UNITED STATES SUMMARY 



1-47 



Table ID, WHOLESALE TRADE; 19'54-GEOGRAPHIC DIVISIONS, BV TYPE OF OPERATION AND KIND OF 

BUSINESS-Continued 
Establishments, Sales, Inventories, Operating Expenses, Payroll, and Personnel 



Geographic division, 
type of operation, and kvnd of business 



Estab- 
lish- 
ments 



Inventories, 
end of 

year, 
at cast 



Operating expenses 
{inc. payixjll)" 



Amount 
($1.000) 



Per- 
cent 
of 
sales 



Payroll, 
entire year 



Payroll, 

workweek 

ended nearest 

Nov. 1,5 



Paid employees, workweek 
ended nearest- 



March US 
(Number) 



May 15 
(Numher) 



Aug, 1.5 
(Numtifr) 



Nov 1.5 
(Numlx-rl 



proprie- 
tors of 
unincor- 
porated 
busi- 



Nov. 
Numbi'r) 



PACIFIC — Continued 

Type by Kind of Business — Con. 
Merchandise agents, brokers— Coo. 

.\pparel (including footwear) . _ . 

Clothing, furnisbmgs (men's, women's) 

Men's, boys' clothing, furnishings , 

Women's, children's clothing, accessories 

Furs (dressed), fur clothing 

Handbags... ... . 

Millinery, millinery supplies 

Shoes, other footwear 

Work clothing 



Dry goods, piece goods-. 
Hosiery 

Dry goods 

Piece goods ... 



Ftimiture. home furnishings - 

Furniture 

Home furnishings 



Paper, aUied products 

Paper 

Stationery, office suppUes . 



Farm products (raw materials) 

Cotton 

Grain 

Hides, skins, raw fuis - 

Livestock _ 

Tobacco Geaf) 

Wool, mohair 

Miscellaneous inedible farm pit>duct8. 

Automotive . . 



Electrical-electronic apparatus, equip,, appliances.. 

Electrical apparatus, suppUes 

Appliances, radios, TV sets. _ 

Electronic parts, equipment 



Hardware, plumbing-heating gootls. 
Hardware .. 

Plumbing, heating goods . . 



Lumber, construction materials 

Lumber, millwork 

Construction materials (except lumber) . 



Machinery, equipment, suppUes 

Air conditioning, commercial refrigeration equipment. 

Ckiinmercial niachmes, equipment . 

Construction machinery, equipment . 

Farm-garden machinery, equipment . 

Industrial machinery, equipment, supplies 

Professional equipment, supplies 

Service establishment equipment, supphes 

Tnuisportation (exc. automotive) equip., supplies 



Metals, metalwork (except scrap). 

Iron, steel and products 

Nonferrous metals, metalwork,. 



Other merchandise agents, broken 

Scrap iron and steel... 

Amusements, sporting goods, toys 

Books, magazines, newspapers 

Coal, coke ., 

Farm supplies _ 

Jewelry 

Yams 

Petroleum and pmdactB 

General merchandise... , 

Miscellaneous products, agents, broken, n.e.c. 



Assemblers of farm products 

Dairy, poultry products 

Fresh fruits, vegetables 

Fann products (raw materials),. 

Farm supplies . 

Other farm products assemblers, 



157 
25 
18 



11 

9 

107 



228 

128 

17 

83 



109 
78 
31 

309 
21 
22 
7 
2 
196 
12 



47 
17 

1 
27 
20 

1 
27 
57 
123 



698 
320 
28 



161, 6« 
61,571 
16,118 
72,553 
(D) 
2,440 

5,622 

(D) 

88,080 

1,931 

18,424 

67,725 

75,975 
32,419 
43,556 

46,528 
35,541 
10,987 

320,832 

45,506 

14,237 

9,411 

236,804 

5,377 
9,497 

67,473 

211,866 

101,415 

13,501 

96,950 

100,546 
46,836 
53,710 

234,877 

221,585 

13,292 

254,750 

U,%5 

6,245 

3,810 

(D) 

191,433 

(D) 

16,722 

21,540 

42,241 
28,275 
13,966 

340,029 

9,883 

37,735 

(D) 

(D) 

42,980 

13,071 

(D) 

44,998 

57,738 

124,319 

1,131,932 

91,879 

655,046 

369,998 

12,550 

2,459 



191 
43 

(D) 



(D) 

114 
18 
26 
70 

418 
76 
342 

218 

191 



937 
155 
6 
94 
321 



217 

1,542 
1,264 

15 
263 

467 
158 
309 

308 
138 

170 

1,541 
108 
73 
48 
(D) 
1,122 
(D) 
171 
16 

314 
1A3 

171 



35 
(D) 
(D) 



(D) 

5 

135 

429 

62,332 
1,477 
28,823 
29,548 
2,541 
443 



o,359 

1,514 

865 

3,455 

(D) 

188 

244 
(D) 

3,628 

111 
1,268 
2,249 

5,293 
2,088 
3,205 

2,787 

1,855 

932 

5,818 
440 
248 
361 

4,404 

138 
227 

3,509 

13,496 

7,329 

589 

5,578 

6,483 
3,040 
3,443 

9,6% 
8,604 
1,092 

15,951 

1,072 

488 

390 

(D) 

11,772 

(D) 

949 

1,031 

2,376 

1,432 

944 

13,724 

218 

1,944 

(D) 

(D) 

902 

920 

(D) 

1,037 

2,863 

4,894 

171,360 
11,200 

129,138 
28,713 

1,671 
638 



5.7 
6.9 
3.3 

7.0 
6.4 
7.4 

6.0 
5.2 
8.5 

1.8 
1.0 
1.7 
3.8 
1.9 

2.6 
2.4 



6.4 
6.5 
6.4 

4.1 
3.9 
8.2 

6.3 
9.0 
7.8 
10.2 
(D) 
6.1 
(D) 
5.7 
4.8 

5.6 
5.1 
6.8 

4.0 
2.2 
5.2 
(D) 
(D) 
2.1 
7.0 
(D) 
2.3 
5.0 
3.9 

15.1 
12.2 
19.7 
7.8 
13.3 
25.9 



2,010 
587 
447 
903 
(D) 
26 



(D) 



475 
715 

1,705 

631 

1,074 

1,181 
872 
309 

2,642 
153 
55 
172 

2,081 



1,576 

5,616 

3,096 

200 

2,320 

2,612 
1,148 
1,464 

3,728 

3,264 

464 

6,249 
661 
161 
177 
(D) 

4,386 
(D) 
458 
338 

907 
420 
487 

6,281 

63 

666 

(D) 

(D) 

447 

341 

'D) 

485 

1,606 

2,331 

85,241 

5,422 

66,263 

12,403 

872 

281 



39,391 
10,676 
8,994 
18,124 
(D) 
556 

(Z) 
(D) 

24,U1 
1,033 
8,587 

14,511 

36,846 
11,816 
25,030 

23,494 
17,518 
5,976 

55,172 

2,724 

946 

3,721 

44,293 

1,127 
2,361 

34,170 

108,566 

59,468 

5,165 

43,933 

51,778 
21,904 
29,874 

67,433 
59,792 
7,641 

120,584 

13,820 

3,926 

5,093 

(D) 

81,778 

(0) 

7,816 

6,674 

17,378 
9,347 
8,031 

127,630 

1,247 

14,271 

(D) 

(D) 

10,207 

5,990 

(D) 

7,641 

30,516 

51,U5 

1,782,034 

134,547 

1,165,954 

455,971 

20,321 

5,241 



422 
138 



187 
(D) 



(D) 

251 

10 

116 

125 

371 
129 
242 

202 
130 
72 

1,326 
33 
15 

41 
1,195 

12 

30 



907 
525 
39 
X3 

577 
272 
305 

1,421 
515 
906 

1,041 
101 
38 
49 
(0) 
670 
(D) 
104 
59 

155 
88 
67 

1,222 
12 
122 
(D) 
(D) 
100 
58 
(D) 
112 
313 
383 

25,600 

1,338 

20,978 

2,988 

201 

95 



428 
136 



195 
(D) 



(D) 

250 

7 

120 

123 

374 
132 
242 

198 
125 



15 

45 

1,243 

12 
30 



1,018 
534 



565 
255 
310 

642 
545 



1,089 
102 
42 
46 
(D) 
712 
(D) 
106 
60 

164 
92 
72 



124 
(D) 
(D) 
99 
60 
(D) 
121 
361 
381 

28,003 

1,369 

23,674 

2,644 

225 

91 



417 
137 
57 
201 
(D) 



(D) 

244 

7 

111 

126 

383 
142 
241 

193 
129 
64 

1,398 
33 
15 
42 

1,262 

12 



964 
544 



584 

271 
313 

1,422 
535 
887 

1,074 
104 
40 
43 
(D) 
70S 
(D) 
94 
64 



_L 



175 
98 



137 
(D) 
(D) 
102 

66 
(D) 

92 
303 
391 

33,183 

1,389 

28,211 

3,185 

262 

136 



483 
140 
94 
225 

(0) 



259 
10 
114 
135 

371 
132 
239 

204 
131 
73 



1,454 
36 



1,322 



993 

558 

52 

383 

598 
272 
326 

627 
539 



1,104 
104 
38 
48 
(D) 
731 
(D) 
99 
66 



1,236 

11 
145 
(D) 
(D) 
102 

65 
(D) 

82 
321 
394 

31,389 

1,485 

23,821 

5,697 

250 

136 



134 
28 



(D) 



(D) 



10 
30 



133 
45 



42 
21 



198 
108 
L4 
76 

143 
68 
75 



(D) 
159 
CD) 
21 
15 



35 
(D) 
(D) 

22 

21 
(D) 

21 



469 
42 
337 



Standard Notes; ( D ) Withheld to avoid disclosure. (NA) Not available. n.e.c. Not elsewhere classified. XXX Not apphcable. (Z) Less than $500 or less than 0.05 peroent. 
. . . Represents zero. 

Entries Tor merchandise agents and brokers represent brokerage or commission received. 



1^8 



WHOLESALE TRADE-SUMMARY STATISTICS 



Table IE. WHOLESALE TRADE: 1954— GEOGRAPHIC DIVISIONS AND STATES 
Establishments and Sales by Type of Operation; Inventories, Annual Payroll, and Personnel 



Division and State 



Estab- 
lish- 
ments 



(Number] 



Major types of operation 



Merchant wholesalers 



Manufacturers' sales 
branches, sales offices 



Estab- 
lish- 
ments 

(Number) 



Sales 
($1,000) 



Estab- 
lish- 
ments 

(Number) 



Sales 
($1,000) 



Petroleum bulk 
plants, terminals, 
LP gas facilities 



Estab- 
lish- 
ments 



Sales 
(*1,000) 



Merchandise 
agents, brokers 



Estab- 
lish- 
ments 

(Number) 



Sales 
($1,000) 



Assemblers of 
farm products 



Estab- 
lish- 
ments 

(NuBber) 



Sales 
($1,000) 



Inven- 
tories 
end of 
yearj 
cost 



at 



($1,000) 



Payroll, 
entire 
year 



($1,000) 



Paid 
employees, 
workweek 

ended 
nearest 
November 15 



(Number) 



Active 
proprie- 
tors of 
unincor- 
porated 

busl- 



Nov. 
(Nuaiier) 



U. 3., total.. 

New England 

Maine 

New HaiE^jshire . . 

VerMjnt 

Massachusetts . . 
Rhode Island... 
Connecticut .... 

kiddle Atlantic... 

New York 

New Jersey 

Pennsylvania. . . 

East North Central 

Ohio 

Indiana 

Illinois 

Michigan 

Wisconsin 

West North Central 

Minnesota 

Iowa 

Missouri 

North Dakota... 
South Dakota... 

Nebraska 

Kansas 

South Atlantic... 

Delaware 

Maryland 

District of 

Columbia 

Virginia 

West Virginia.. 
North Carolina. 
South Carolina. 

Georgia 

Florida 

East South Central 

Kentucky 

Tennessee 

Alabama 

Mississippi. . . . 

West South Central 

Arkansas 

louisiana. . . ... 

Oklahoma 

Texas 

ttsuntaih 

Montana 

Idaho. ......... 

Wyoming 

Colorado 

New Msxico 

Arizona 

Utah 

Nevada 

Pacific 

Washington 

Oregon 

California 



252,318 

14,454 
1,314 
615 
42J 
7,934 
1,256 
2,912 

59,985 
38,003 
6,909 
15,073 

49,397 
11,973 
5,881 
16,493 
9,441 
5,609 

30,382 
6,099 
5,641 
7,604 
2,074 
1,693 
3,006 
4,265 

26,303 

417 

3,033 

1,090 
3,362 
1,823 
4,752 
2,016 
4,496 
5,309 

11, 278 
2,720 
3,877 
2,818 
1,863 

22,971 
1,965 
3,634 
3,627 

13,745 

10,019 
1,499 
1,273 

553 
2,897 
1,003 
1,285 
1,174 

335 

27,529 
4,658 
2,995 

19,876 



165,153 

11,006 

922 

451 

279 

6,041 

1,053 

2,260 

46,966 
29,990 
5,687 
11,279 

31, U6 
7,833 
3,399 

10,452 
6,174 
3,288 

13,205 
2,833 
2,134 
4,377 
416 
440 
1,253 
1,702 

17,376 

284 

2,209 

761 
2,213 
1,339 
2,957 
1,256 
2,653 
3,699 

7,161 
1,721 
2,531 
1,8U 
1,095 

14,413 
1,140 
2,442 
2,093 
8,738 

5,318 
558 
527 
276 

1,545 
630 
848 
703 
231 

18,562 
2,796 
1,935 

13,831 



101,100,941 

5,565,561 
358,934 
178,497 
96,140 

3,321,567 
478,259 

1,132,164 

30,475,475 
21,877,266 
3,040,115 
5,558,094 

19,341,943 
4,607,247 
1,831,646 
7,627,236 
3,665,135 
1,610,629 

9,014,924 

2,252,713 

1,294,696 

3,243,245 

253,233 

204,201 

303,392 

953,439 

9,039,136 

143,362 

1,104,793 

533,331 
1,223,291 

547,821 
1,516,983 

634,373 
1,593,373 
1,735,809 

4,773,066 

964,714 

2,243,621 

1,020,901 

543,830 

8,858,007 
507,379 

1,666,54^ 
988,583 

5,695,496 

2,562,906 
266, 694 
187,756 
97,002 
834,571 
281,472 
418,788 
367,473 
109,150 

11,419,923 
1,725,063 
1,281,400 
8,413,460 



1,443 
100 
53 
34 
860 
93 
303 

4,650 

2,495 

516 

1,639 

5,033 

1,552 

475 

1,620 

915 

471 

2,232 
497 
342 
913 
66 
57 
194 
153 



190 
296 
173 
379 
146 
671 
411 

905 
167 
386 
264 



2,100 
101 
367 
272 

1,360 

759 



23 
303 

61 

86 
143 

13 

2,832 
500 
266 

2,066 



69,533,784 

3,401,429 
106,376 
58,300 
20,790 
2,457,055 
250,922 
507,986 

22,251,989 

15,169,377 

1,709,060 

5,373,552 

18,031,834 
5,159,724 
852,908 
7,006,115 
3,969,618 
1,043,519 

5,227,328 
1,215,668 

444,819 
2,752,205 

112,467 
47,003 

416,846 

238,320 

6,284,311 
569,575 
784,441 

598,075 
504,376 
208,880 
999,416 
139,726 
1,833,686 
646,136 

2,164,754 
450,458 
887,857 
740,013 
86,426 

4,213,553 
118,231 
66«i,307 
626,227 

2,804,288 

1,066,305 

49,119 

19,613 

(D) 

646,058 

29,980 

89,771 

207,993 

(D) 

6,892,231 
799,221 
493,227 

5,599,733 



663 

165 
84 
77 

171 
44 

122 

1,785 
?34 
267 
724 

6,056 
921 
1,156 
1,655 
1,106 
1,216 

7,473 

1,4U 

1,663 

1,135 

712 

596 

702 

1,251 

3,014 

38 

166 



414 
157 
728 
379 
568 
557 

1,657 
413 
379 
423 
442 

3,697 
492 
454 
752 

1,999 

2,313 
475 
399 
201 
500 
260 
212 
184 
82 

2,531 
698 
455 

1,373 



16,038,372 

1,129,040 
144,715 
58,371 
44,544 
441,984 
143,442 
295,984 

2,966,882 

1,245,440 

801,532 

919,910 

3,278,374 
817,270 
584,153 
756,976 
753,436 
367,039 

1,598,354 
337,195 
345,514 
369,056 
93,972 
103,264 
147,524 
201,629 

2,349,405 
40,419 
307,548 

46,273 
367,939 
111,600 
521,233 
230,707 
301,766 
421,910 

924,225 
235,620 
298,283 
240,040 
150,282 

1,302,866 
137,531 
233,328 

130,375 
751, 132 

679,135 
85,170 
99,307 
41,418 

142,364 
81,301 

110,368 
82,854 
35,353 

1,809,591 
339,958 
237,582 

1,232,051 



,128 
42 
14 



188 

6,035 

4,434 

343 

1,253 

4,473 

1,147 

387 

1,695 

960 

284 

2,131 
422 
331 
827 
33 
80 
223 
210 

2,461 
15 
289 

126 
339 
121 
533 
174 
432 
379 

1,205 
322 
491 
245 

147 

1,650 
124 
263 
238 

1,025 

581 



279 
25 
90 
84 

7 

2,467 
355 
198 

1,914 



39,250,509 

1,444,323 

22,522 

(D) 

6,845 

1,206,266 

(D) 

152,157 

12,500,036 

10,820,270 

305, 636 

1,374,130 

8,054,643 
1,571,312 

699,974 
3,903,068 
1,558,531 

321,758 

5,328,184 
1,178,470 
841,454 
1,595,275 
96,974 
272,879 
981,284 
361,843 

3,488,218 

22,951 

343,809 

185,850 
413,708 
189,932 
967,298 
293,217 
679,040 
392,413 

1,963,967 
468,495 
996,742 
268,095 
230,635 

2,261,085 
160,566 
318,263 

370,441 
1,411,810 

956,405 

103,702 

67,043 

28,340 

456,267 

44,015 

109,940 

141,370 

5,723 

3,253,643 
388,685 
342,636 

2,522,327 



214 
85 
U 
23 



549 
290 
86 
173 

2,689 

520 
464 
1,071 
286 
348 

5,341 
933 

1,121 
347 
847 
520 
629 
944 

816 



100 
33 

155 
61 

117 

263 

350 
97 
90 
72 

91 

1,111 
108 
108 
272 
623 

1,043 
343 
263 
29 
270 
27 
49 
60 



1,137 
309 
141 
687 



9,050,316 

146,463 
21,615 

(D) 
11,608 
77,158 

(D) 
26,876 

495,983 

265,182 

61,245 

169,556 

2,347,011 
470,004 
414,700 

1,096,259 
139,914 
226,134 

2,578,343 
502,199 
815,172 
244,807 
254,731 
157, 141 
318,924 
285,374 

716,793 
30,464 
43,157 

6,035 
68,148 
7,057 
173,737 
43,217 
134,210 
205,773 

437,625 
69,295 

137,493 
58,179 

172,658 

607,711 
75,142 
33,618 
107,085 
336,366 

583,945 
193,910 
109,545 
(D) 
134,539 
12,424 
47,338 
78,257 
(D) 

1,131,932 

204,704 

77,497 

849,731 



13,073,672 

747,670 
53,511 
24,472 
17,207 

425,691 
70,509 

151,280 

3,377,801 

2,283,807 

337,675 

706, 319 

2,393,349 
566,274 
259,378 
869,166 
474,263 
224,768 

1,311,690 
311,334 
177,702 
432,663 
72,299 
50,642 
125,671 
140,379 

1,300,158 
26,381 
150,010 

63,029 
218,505 

76, 633 
208,222 

84,018 
252,614 
220,746 

807,486 
265,797 
336, 130 
135,075 
70,484 

1,230,213 

68,076 

196,015 

139,001 

827,121 

383,896 
50,622 
37,324 
19,026 

121,070 
35,695 
53,129 
55,900 
11,130 

1,525,909 
246,922 
169,435 

1,109,552 



U, 021, 450 

647,550 
41,231 
19,733 
11,949 

335,339 
49,206 

139,592 

2,993,584 

1,929,846 

357,433 

706,305 

2,4U,063 
621,405 
224, 141 
390, 165 
478,771 
196,581 

996,655 
242,324 
133,640 
380,193 
33,059 
27,782 
35,439 
39,2U 

1,082,739 
35,900 
141,396 

76,748 
134,216 

67,064 
162,796 

56,394 
200,798 
207,427 

420,915 
104,160 
166,179 
104,257 
46,319 

812,575 
47,869 
146,661 
101,058 
516,937 

296,396 
30,207 
27,220 
9,212 
100,540 
27,450 
44,361 
43,180 
9,226 

1,359,973 
200,962 
124, eo7 

1,034,404 



2,590,236 

152,921 
12,039 
5,099 
3,294 
87,431 
12,554 
32,454 

629,148 
385,121 
78,329 
165,693 

522,134 
135,967 
52,820 
186, 178 
99,793 
47,376 

249,843 
57,620 
37,776 
88,405 
8,961 
8,350 
23,932 
24,799 

306,176 
7,025 
35,330 

16,733 
41,047 
17,830 
50,617 
13,490 
54,247 
64,857 

122,339 
29,997 
47,011 
30,135 
15,246 

218,225 
14,427 
40,490 
27,224 

U6,084 

80,332 

7,835 
10,003 

2,576 
25,533 

7,741 
12,270 
12,250 

2,074 

309,018 
48,617 
29,063 

231,333 



6,307 
573 
259 
214 

3,313 
582 

1,366 

34,933 

20,243 

3,859 

10,326 

29,252 
6,193 
3,614 

10,117 
6,327 
2,996 

13,194 
3,500 
3,337 
4,488 
354 
902 
1,904 
2,709 

14,921 

193 

1,833 

459 
1,821 

848 
2,840 
1,220 
2,724 
2,933 

7,784 
1,846 
2,584 
2,041 
1,313 

15,261 
1,437 
2,231 
2,434 
9,159 

6,295 
637 
824 
366 

1,919 
703 
802 
745 
248 

18,266 
2,615 
2,011 

13,640 



(D) Withheld to avoid disclosure. 



UNITED STATES SUMMARY 

Table IF, WHOLESALE TRADE; 1948' — GEOGRAPHIC DIVISIONS AND STATES 
Establishments and Sales by Type of Operation; Inventories, Annual Payroll, and Personnel 



1-49 



Division 
and State 



Estab- 
lish- 
ments, 
19<,8 



(Number) 



Major types of operation 



Merchant 
wholesalers 



Estab- 
lish- 



19^ 
(Number) 



Sales, 
entire 
year 
1948 

($1,000) 



Hanofacturers' 

sales branches, 

sales offices 



Estab- 
lish- 
ments, 
1948 

(Number) 



Sales, 
entire 
year 

1948 
($1,000) 



Petroleum bulk 

plants, terminals, 

and LP gas 

facilities 



Estab- 
lish- 
ments, 
1948 

(Mumber) 



Sales, 
entire 
year 

1948 
($1,000) 



Merchandise 
agents, brokers 



Estab- 
lish- 
ments, 
1948 
(Number) 



Sales, 
entire 



($1,000) 



Assemblers i 
farm produc 



Estab- 
lish- 
ments, 
1948 

(Number) 



Sales, 
entire 



($1,000) 



Inven- 
tories, end 
of year 

at cost 
1948 



($1000) 



Payroll, 

entire 

year 

1948 



($1000) 



Paid 
employees, 
workweek 

ended 

nearest 

Nov. 15, 

1948 



(Number) 



Active 
proprietors 
of unincor- 
porated 
buaincsses, 
November 
1948 



(Number) 



U. S., total... 

New England 

Maine 

New Hampshire... 

Vermont 

Massachusetts . . . 
Rhode Island..., 
Oinnecticut 

Uddle Atlantic... 

New York 

New Jersey 

Pennsylvania. . . . 



East North Central. 

Ohio 

Indiana 

Illinois 

lachigan 

Wisconsin 

lest North Central. 

Minnesota , 

Iowa 

Missouri 

North Dakota. . . , 

South Del£ota 

Nebraska 

Kansas 

South Atlantic 

Delaware 

Maryland 

District of 

Columbia 

Virginia 

West Virginia... 
North Carolina.. 
South Carolina.. 

(!eorgia 

Florida 

East South Central. 

Kentucky 

Tennessee ....... 

Alabama 

Hississippi 

West South Central. 

Arkansas 

Louisiana 

Oklahoma 

Texas 

Mountain 

Montana 

Idaho 

Wyoming 

Colorado 

New Mexico 

Arizona 

Utah 

Nevada 

Pacific 

Washington 

Oregon 

California. ..... 



216,099 

11,666 
869 
465 
340 

6,847 
994 

2,151 



54,380 

36,518 

5,057 

12,805 



42,597 
10,410 
4,895 
15,096 
7,600 
4,596 



28,401 
5,392 
5,320 
6,919 
2,102 
1,679 
2,832 
4,157 



20,825 

344 

2,761 

1,018 
2,863 
1,638 
3,690 
1,517 
3,586 
3,408 



9,480 
2,266 
3,220 
2,386 

1,603 



18,765 
2,008 
2,872 
3,302 

10, 533 



7,986 
1,338 
1,102 

411 
2,422 

662 

785 
1,025 

241 



21,999 
3,782 
2,345 

15,872 



8,463 
549 
306 
208 

4,948 
816 

1,636 



41,223 
27,950 
4,162 
9,111 



24,434 
6, 359 
2,562 
8,521 
4,484 
2,508 



10,395 

2,143 

1,767 

3,695 

293 

318 

929 

1,245 

12,336 

213 

1,904 

644 
1,670 
1,151 
1,984 

837 
1,835 
2,098 



5,412 
1,311 
1,831 
1,397 
873 



9,833 
940 
1,701 
1,572 
5,620 



1,573 
386 
308 
179 

.,157 
362 
430 
618 
133 



13,448 
2,091 
1,359 
9,998 



76,533,260 

4,510,324 
247,988 
104,005 
78,157 

2,970,599 
346,120 
763,455 



24,168,438 
17,705,211 
1,892,679 
4,570,543 



14,772,569 
3,882,463 
1,347,479 
5,812,184 
2,360,656 
1,369,787 



7,463,014 
1,980,830 
949,132 
2,745,913 
177,702 
173,343 
639,290 
796,804 

6,453,983 
85,556 
922,997 

467,410 
926,177 
564,468 

1,022,714 
456,826 

1,063,207 
944,628 



3,676,974 
765, 786 

1,737,297 
757,511 
416,380 



6,029,807 
407, 156 

1,150,849 
719,080 

3,752,722 



1, 729, 756 
192,164 
122,152 

80,446 
620,621 
148,389 
217,721 
294,333 

53,930 



7,728,395 

1,225,483 

923,358 

5,574,554 



1,628 

101 

53 

36 

1,025 

103 

310 



5,718 

3,457 

444 

1,817 



5,462 
1,619 

427 
1,992 
1,014 

410 



!,195 
491 
316 
971 
45 
38 
180 
154 



2,421 

56 
301 

238 
278 
178 
356 
113 
619 
282 



862 
158 
375 
253 



342 

279 

1,236 



29 

258 
36 
71 

133 
16 



2,302 
463 
230 

2,109 



50,800,384 

2,515,046 

80,239 

34,414 

19,289 

1,894,461 

(D) 

(D) 



17,500,732 

12,356,644 

936,885 

4,207,203 



12,356,742 
3,358,052 
526,247 
5,758,249 
2,515,494 
698,700 



3,852,619 
884,485 
363,166 

2,019,328 

76,144 

39,246 

239,904 

180, 346 

4,600,361 

(D) 

572,762 

538,818 

(D) 

204,169 

726,317 

111,950 

1,301,304 

(D) 



1,310,952 

229,262 

577,430 

446,839 

57,421 



2,387,255 
76,608 
522,196 
336,793 

1,951,658 



713,389 

56,752 

20,855 

14,662 

(D) 

12,402 

52,419 

167,473 

(D) 



4,563,288 
526,086 
375,309 

3,661,393 



657 

152 
84 
73 

193 
37 

118 



1,770 
798 
236 
736 



5,823 
864 
1,077 
1,677 
1,041 
1,164 



7,158 

1,344 

1,674 

1,106 

657 

576 

635 

1,166 

2,832 

38 

157 

10 
408 
174 
649 
335 
568 
543 



1,638 
426 
341 
426 
445 



3,748 
518 
465 
726 

2,039 



2,143 
453 
370 
168 
458 
223 
201 
173 
92 



2,532 
608 
428 

1,496 



10,433,060 

815,233 
98,405 
(D) 
31,185 
327,331 
(D) 
218,574 



1,945,177 
836,205 
501,787 
607, 185 



2,145,911 
522,268 
324,490 
547, 524 
492,857 
258,772 



1,087,525 
261,991 
246,463 
257,087 
69,636 
70,447 
99,213 
82,638 

1,371,369 
19,731 
164,151 

33,858 
211,712 

91,343 
274,697 
125,917 
189,276 
260, 134 



580,044 
155,274 
172,255 
150,114 
102,401 



892,714 
98,167 
158,155 
128,775 
507,617 



406,416 
52,464 
59,845 
27,846 

(D) 
41,142 
61,325 
46,038 

(D) 



1,238,671 
236,432 
167,616 
834,623 



768 

22 

3 

13 

625 
34 



5,333 

4,109 

175 

1,049 



3,836 
991 
270 

1,625 
690 
260 



1,766 
359 
248 
733 
34 
53 
195 
144 



1,954 



124 

283 
108 
487 
142 
360 
195 



873 
256 
359 
168 
95 



1,198 
103 
214 
145 
736 



331 
35 
27 



2,024 
297 
177 

1,550 



32,839,667 

1,085,695 

23,854 

(D) 

6,8fa8 

939,319 

(D) 

49,532 



11,187,769 

9,903,943 

139,685 

1,144,141 



7,005,436 

1,167,804 

517,766 

4,189,267 

851,797 

278,802 



4,343,468 
1,066,552 
703,036 
1,591,511 
112,685 
190,506 
814,231 
364,947 

2,619,693 

(D) 

272,188 

(D) 
342,377 
188,825 
809,181 
219,764 
475,354 
159,114 



1,528,256 
430,991 
733,543 
190,263 
173,459 



1,679,579 

77,690 

258,845 

267,041 

1,076,003 



712,327 
94,069 
77,554 
11,671 

320,375 
31,806 
46, 377 

130,475 



2,177,444 
346,054 
236,452 

1,594,938 



336 
204 
40 
92 



3,042 
577 
559 

1,281 
371 
254 



6,887 
1,055 
1,315 

414 

1,068 

694 

893 

1,448 

1,232 



2 
224 

27 
214 

90 
204 
290 



690 
115 
314 
137 
124 



2,033 
351 
150 
580 
952 



1,224 
393 

341 
30 

354 
26 
43 
37 



1,193 
323 

151 
719 



122,386 

34,948 

4,305 

3,535 

60,991 

(D) 

(D) 



231,654 
125,397 
26,631 
79,626 



2,002,491 
335,272 
407,893 
941,671 
201,449 
116,206 



3,699,332 
653,928 
963,713 
294,636 
490, 556 
304,439 
403,163 
583,395 

712,301 

(D) 

52,458 

(D) 

(D) 

11,343 

222,415 

70,572 

117, 762 

(D) 



448,228 
62,651 

117,211 
93,907 

174,459 



1,015,239 
147,186 
46,730 
222,331 
598,392 



590, 530 
179,606 
128,978 
13,125 
176,453 
14,735 
26, 542 
51,091 



1,098,127 
227,760 
138,204 
732,163 



607,810 
43,520 
14,411 
15,167 

369,356 
54,363 

110,993 



2,731,716 

1,971,639 

230,564 

529,513 



1,777,959 
420,462 
180,457 
663,680 
324,211 
189,149 



1,078,699 
271,138 
136,046 
356,617 
73,217 
40,208 
92,743 
108,730 



956,733 
22,761 
118,160 

50,529 
131, 554 

71,358 
190,449 

54,701 
174,269 
142,952 



475,736 
103,294 
204,745 
101,443 
66,254 



872,832 
59,697 
161,997 
107,770 
543, 368 



301,767 
49,528 

26,737 



14,042 
96,594 
26,010 
29,175 
52,377 
7,304 



1,162,188 
136,752 
139,777 
835,659 



453,795 
27,010 
10,650 
8,671 

291,428 
34,914 
86,122 



2,285,698 

1,599,255 

197,539 

483,904 



1,642,405 
409,490 
138,023 
665,129 
297,796 
131,967 



702,498 
162,650 
97,751 
275,720 
24,705 
20,973 
60,656 
60,038 

715,920 
17,672 
98,946 

58,886 
96,230 
54,917 
102,530 
36,297 
131,194 
119,248 



283,278 
69,911 

110, 527 
71,553 
31,287 



531, 354 
34,407 

100,145 
71,442 

325,360 



196,940 
21,419 
19,205 
5,925 
74, 803 
12,098 
23,115 
35,842 
4,533 



917,319 
139,520 
91,276 
686, 523 



136,032 
9,563 
3,824 
2,931 
82,718 
11,027 
25,969 



591,447 

384,100 

57,094 

150,253 



458,437 
117,316 
42,857 
175,207 
83,138 
39,919 



233,035 
52,082 
34,532 
85,302 
8,885 
7,941 
21,390 
22,403 

255,645 

5,140 

33,281 

16,243 
38,549 
17,162 
41,037 
13,402 
43,117 
47,714 



103,848 
25,264 
39,188 
26,174 
13,222 



186,176 
14,099 
34,725 
24, 570 

112,782 



68,774 
7,343 
8,877 
2,136 

25,316 
4,349 
7,805 

11,656 
1,292 



272,009 
44,062 
28,491 

199,456 



4,914 
365 
205 
167 

2,638 
501 



32,619 

20,350 

3,030 

9,239 



25,551 
5,387 
3,090 
9,260 
4,853 
2,461 



16,676 
2,845 
3,632 
4,275 
842 
833 
1,668 
2,576 

12,204 

137 

1,750 

478 
1,715 

736 
2,300 

947 
2,215 
1,876 

6,700 
1,634 
2,134 
1,755 
1,177 



12,491 
1,480 
1,752 
2,103 
7,151 



4,871 
586 
681 
268 

1,534 
499 
513 
616 
174 



14,852 
2,290 
1,396 

11,166 



(D) Withheld to avoid disclosure. ... Represents zero. ^Data in this table differ from those which appear in publications of the 1943 Census of Wholesale Trade in that 

they have been adjusted to the scope of the 1954 Wholesale Census. 



1-50 



WHOLESALE TRADE-SUMMARY STATISTICS 



Table IG WHOLESALE TRADE: 1954— STANDARD METROPOLITAN AREAS 

Establishments and Sales by Type of Operation; Payroll, Personnel, and Population 



standard 

letropolitan 

area 



D. S. , total 

S.M.A., total 



AjETODf Ohio 

Albany-Schenectady- 
Troy, N. Y 

Albuquerque, N. Hex. 

Allen town-Be thlehem- 
Easton, Pa 

Altoona, Pa 

Anarillo, Tex 

ABhevllle, N. C 

Atlanta, Ga 

Atlantic City, N. J. 
Augusta, Ga 

Austin, Tex 

Baltljiiore, m 

Baton Rouge, l£ 

Bay City, mch 

Beaumont-Port 
Arthur, Tex 

Blnghamton, N. Y 

Binning ham, Ala 

Boston, Haas 

Bridgeport, Conn 

Broclcton, ^bs8 

Buffalo, N. Y 

Canton , Ohio 

Cedar Rapids, Iowa... 

Charleston, S. C 

Charleston, W. Va 

Charlotte, N. C 

Chattanooga, Tenn.... 

Chicago, 111 

Cincinnati, Ohio 

Cleveland, Ohio 

Columbia, S. C 

Columbus, Ga.. 

Columbus, Ohio 

Corpus Chrlsti, Tex.. 
Dallas, Tex 

Davenport, Iow«-Rock 
Island-Moline, 111.. 

Dayton, Ohio 

Decatur, 111 

Denver, Colo 

Dea Moines, Iowa 

Detroit, Mich 

Dubuque, loua 

Duluth, Hinn.- 

Si^erior, Wis 

Durham, N. C 

El Paso, Tex 

Erie, Pa 

Evansville, Ind 

Fall River, Mass 

Flint, Mich 

Port Smith, Ark 

Fort Wayne, Ind 

Fort Worth, Tex 

Fresno, Calif 

Gadsden, Ala 

Galveston, Tex 

Grand Rapids, Mich... 

Green Bay, Wis 

Greensboro- 
High Point, N. C 

Greenville, S. C 

Hamllton-Mldd letown , 
Ohio... 

Hampton-Newport News- 
Warwick , Va 

Harrlsburg, Pa 

Hartford, Conn 

Houston, Tex 

Huntington, W. Va,- 
Ashland, Ky 

Indianapolis, Ind.... 

Jackson, Mich 

Jackson, Miss 

Jacksonville, Fla.... 



Estab- 
lish- 
ments 



(Num- 
ber) 



252,318 
1*9,023 



831 
310 

585 
174 

283 
185 
1,835 
228 
215 

212 

2,074 

194 

122 

287 

235 
813 
5,357 
402 
158 

1,798 
350 
254 
229 
345 

751 

400 

10,898 

1,834 

3,125 

306 
166 
842 
336 
2,078 



443 

639 

188 

1,556 

595 

4,614 

126 

439 
129 

360 
314 
288 
165 
287 

150 
362 
725 
533 



650 
222 



441 
282 



130 

434 

769 

1,903 

339 

1,252 
157 
310 

715 



Major types of operation 



Merchant 
wholesaler; 



Estab- 
liah- 
ments 
(Num- 
ber) 



165,153 
123,115 



609 
233 

467 
132 

199 
134 
981 
182 
157 

161 

1,542 

159 

91 

217 

174 

- 511 

3,891 

322 

140 

1,271 
278 
157 
164 
262 

452 

274 

7,725 

1,138 

2,049 

217 
125 
605 
242 
1,246 



270 
445 
118 
958 

391 

3,174 

75 

295 
93 

262 
237 
211 
145 
192 

113 
252 
540 
326 



451 
151 



269 

185 



100 

292 

559 

1,340 

251 

789 
103 
215 
506 



Sales 
($1,000) 



101,100,941 

85,326,059 

195,498 

384,926 
127,989 

203,978 
50,877 

135,856 
64,348 

859,976 
62,799 
67,432 

66,846 
893,655 
82,909 
62,095 

119,660 

37,066 

385,534 

2,397,223 

188,072 

51,150 

852,434 
135,855 
94,983 
77,109 
138,652 

327,629 
201,142 

6,349,386 
745,499 

1,444,523 

168,548 

59,443 

522,150 

152,539 

1,217,260 



136,419 

237,277 

75,749 

633,133 

358,091 

2,252,046 

38,187 

3U,313 
33,022 

155,655 
123,962 
113,242 
70,772 
125,524 

51,076 
154,617 
421,448 
249,790 
16,553 
67,199 

297,911 
83,249 

154,483 
94,063 



39,852 

192,971 

379,917 

1,385,323 

115,045 

734,638 

51,628 

127,841 

334,276 



Manufacturers ' 
sales branches, 
sales offices 



Estab- 
lish- 
ments 
(Num- 
ber) 



19,846 



130 
38 

65 
13 

38 

17 

529 



252 
22 



33 
153 
647 

U 



283 
34 
35 
21 
45 

165 
52 
1,309 
375 
555 

44 
22 

118 



95 
21 
266 

100 
574 

16 



12 
76 
120 
329 



216 
23 
42 

115 



Sales 
($1,000) 



67,424,871 

193,618 

174,378 
23,382 

34,975 
12,493 

50,915 
17,073 
1,715,502 
14,644 
15,627 

21,15C 

742,524 

12,630 

2,702 

39,260 

46,394 
626,216 
2,145,935 
62,682 
27,436 

333,535 
40,575 
37,352 
(D) 
29,829 

778,807 

93,522 

6,654,733 

1,813,470 

2,119,144 

54,755 

13,473 

219,417 

17,234 

1,257,576 



1A7,399 

336,484 

24,201 

627,176 

204,405 

3,544,518 

30,365 

51,190 
9,663 

87,245 
27,099 
30,214 
15,448 
90,457 

10,610 
39,901 
30,165 
46,093 
(D) 
6,343 

134,780 
56,804 

78,695 
41,940 



(D) 
168,209 
179,188 
971,525 

52,523 

584,942 
31,333 
33,635 

325,695 



Petroleum bulk 

plants, terminals 

and LP gas 

facilities 



Estab- 
lish- 
ments 
(Num- 
ber) 



36 
126 
22 

72 

12 

26 
25 



Sales 
(«1,000) 



118,020 
17,607 

46,006 
27,733 

11,499 
10,963 

(D) 
14,156 

(D) 

13,199 
226,267 
18,522 
33,576 

16,525 

30,376 
66,072 
293,709 
32,219 
2,594 

108,692 
21,762 
12,796 
36,586 
23,143 

55,300 
30,259 

515,923 
37,460 

U3,402 

(D) 

(D) 

52,131 

17,939 

48,047 



36,103 
(D) 
(D) 

53,700 

24,716 

329,165 

9,150 

27,860 
9,296 

22,755 
19,689, 
(D) 
23,654 
34,970 

7,268 
21,454 
31,596 
36,566 
5,556 
6,390 

29,781 
24,230 

68,390 
CD) 



12,228 
52,800 
74,229 
83,057 

18,240 

33,236 

15,239 

(D) 

83,609 



Merchandise agents 
brokers 



Estab- 
lish- 
ments 
(Num- 
ber) 



21 

282 
1 
17 

14 
228 



6 
U4 

727 



23 

108 

51 

1,489 

274 

453 

27 



40 

56 

7 

238 



Sales 

($1,000) 



1 

33 
57 
192 



46,835 
(D) 

6,726 

(D) 

44,032 

(D) 

407,037 

(D) 

13,442 

23,902 

(D) 

2,240 



(D) 

5,354 

123,766 

1,135,691 

(DJ 

7,124 

165,932 

(D) 

22,761 

18,637 

(D) 

(D) 

(D) 

3,249,558 

463,406 

500,726 

27,848 

(D) 

154,572 

23,058 
450,365 



41,272 

73,820 

(D) 

389,357 

64,942 

1,273,194 

3,161 

49,728 
(D) 

(D) 
(D) 

66,552 
2,332 

16,544 

(D) 

34,294 

176,022 

58,217 

(D) 

(D) 

60,243 
9,864 

115,534 
79,587 



(D) 
20,982 
48,566 

(D) 

(D) 

384,985 

5,538 

29,041 

75,964 



Assemblers of 
farm products 



Estab- 
lish- 
ments 
(Num- 
ber) 



($1,000) 



1,817 
(D) 

23,498 
(D) 

1,929 
(D) 
(D) 
(D) 
(D) 



(D) 

3,682 

(D) 

3,226 

1,181 

63,133 

(D) 



4,433 
(D) 

6,369 
(W 
(D) 

(D) 

(D) 

282,563 

3,506 

37,818 

(D) 
(D) 

39,589 
4,570 

18,529 



11,414 

(D) 

31,349 

38,024 

13,764 

6,007 

15,5% 

1,397 
(D) 

(D) 
(D) 
(D) 

757 

(D) 
7,825 
12,764 
59,543 
' (D) 
(D) 

2,739 
10,795 

3,648 
(D) 



5,567 

8,997 

(D) 

(D) 

97,253 

964 

(D) 

2,694 



Payroll, 
entire 
year 



($1,000) 



9.351.583 

31,878 

42,331 
13,504 

26,7271 
5,738 

14,393 
6,990 
132,444 
6,903 
6,615 

7,633 

114,464 

7,J97 

6,233 

U,655 

12,578 
52,489 
284,945 
23,188 
5,959 

100,996 

17,645 

9,610 

8,482 

19,196 

44,375 
17,603 
761,175 
115,579 
213,627 

13,946 
6,871 
55,985 
12,334 
130,021 



19,886 

39,337 

7,488 

78,239 

35,532 

318,842 

5,750 

21,213 
3,983 

16,582 
11,250 
14,808 
6,810 
15,694 

5,972 
19,065 
32,535 
24,609 
1,437 
3,829 

31,072 
9,550 

20,742 
9,070 

4,283, 



4,148 
28,396 
44,821 
123,917 

14,576 

84,133 

7,573 

13,935 

40.473 



Payroll and paid 
employees, workweek' 
ended nearest 
November 15 



Payroll 



lBZ,471.Ge6 

624,293 

794,161 
235,293 

520,120 
114,785 

287,517 
138,449 
2,604,172 
127,213 
123,722 

150,515 

2,090,601 

156,505 

103,559 

240,602 

238,732 

1,009,973 

5,363,179 

439,841 

112,558 

1,934,154 
362,350 
183,663 
159,295 
392,886 

333,027 

3U,524 

14,720,322 

2,214,712 

4,200,933 

270,624 
128,477 

1,063,234 
253,577 

2,539,910 



392,854 

7U,940 

130,922 

1,627,582 

682,879 

6,183,622 

125,795 

419,384 
77,105 

334,507 
224,240 
273,007 
126,276 
307,275 

124,455 
364,317 
657,643 
493,943 

26,311 
79,576 

598,884 
178,017 

407,769 
179,678 

84,339 



•'5,503 

535,066, 

852^634 

2,485,507 

290,859 

1,564,031 
U5,431 
260,607 
791.168 



Employ- 
ees 



(Num- 
ber) 



Active 
propri- 
etors 
of un- 
incor- 
porated 
busi- 
nesses 
Novem- 
ber 

(Num- 
ber) 



2.046,255 

6,436 

9,716 
3,386 

6,363 
1,688 

3,444 
2,302 
30,230 
1,717 
1,897 

2^9 
27,000 

2,133 
1,458 

3,133 

3,081 
12,848 
6r,647 
4,922 
1,515 

21,348 
4,142 
2,353 
3,239 
4,519 

10,482 
4,433 
151,773 
24,551 
42,411 

3,717 
1,889 

12,411 
3,319 

29,422 



4,624 

8,246 

1,759 

13,361 

8,278 
iO,351 
1,475 

5,095 

1,275 

4,410 
2,769 
3,495 
2,002 
3,450 

1,641 
4,2U 
8,693 
6,694 
452 
1,123 

6,915 
2,194 

_4,7e5 
2,563 



1,333 
6,745 
10,650 
28,377 

3,729 

18,170 
1,676 
3,642 

10,391 



94,032 
247 



353 
220 



376 
113 



845 
17Q 
164 

139 
1,213 



429 

2,034 

165 

94 

875 
168 
119 
116 
106 

242 
214 

5,307 
952 

1,386 

172 

88 

409 

192 

1,210 



234 
294 

114 
941 

284 

3,075 

59 

210 

78 

220 
200 
143 
34 
199 



151 
446 
370 
55 
78 

362 
107 

187 
129 



65 
244 
329 
970 



645 
83 
134 
350 



Popula. 

tlOQ, 

1950 



85,130,847 

410,032 

514,490 
U5,673 

437,824 
139,514 

87,140 
124,403 
671,797 
132,399 
162,013 

160,980 

1,337,373 

153,236 

38,461 

195,083 

184,698 
558,928 
2,369,986 
258,137 
129,428 

1,089,230 
283,194 
104,274 
164,856 
322,072 

197,052 
246,453 

5,495,364 
904,402 

1,465, 5U 

142,565 
170,541 
503,410 
165,471 
6U,799 



234,256 

457,333 

98,853 

563,332 

226,010 

3,016,197 

71,337 

252,777 
101,639 

194,968 
219,388 
160,422 
137,298 
270,963 

64:202 
183,722 
361,253 
276,515 

93,892 
1U,066 

288,292 
98, 3W 

191,057 
168,152 



143,227 
292,241 
358,081 
806,701 

245,795 

551,777 
107,925 
142,164 
304 .029 



See footnotes at end of table. 



UNITED STATES SUMMARY 



1-51 



Table IG. WHOLESALE TRADE: 1954— STANDARD METROPOLITAN AREAS— Continued 
Establishments and Sales by Type o( Operation; Payroll, Personnel, and Population 



standard 

etpopolitan 

area 



Estab- 
lish- 
ments 



(Num- 
ber) 



Major types ol" operation 



Uerchant 
wholesalers 



Estab- 
lish- 
ments 

(Num- 
ber) 



Sales 
($1,000) 



Manufacturers ' 
sales branches, 
sales offices 



Estab- 
lish- 
ments 

(Num- 
ber) 



Sales 
($1,000) 



Petroleum bulk 

plants, terminals 

and LP gas 

facilities 



Merchandise agents, 
brokers 



Estab- 
lish- 
ments 

(Num- 
ber) 



Sales 
($1,000) 



Estab' 
lish- 
ments 

(Num- 
ber) 



Sales 
($1,000) 



Assemblers of 
farm products 



Estab- 
lish- 
ments 

(Num- 
ber) 



Sales 
($1,000) 



Payroll, 
entire 
year 



($1,000) 



Payroll and paid 

employees, workweek 

ended nearest 

November 15 



(Dollars) 



ElDploy- 
ees 



(Num- 
ber) 



Active 
propri- 
etors 
of un- 
incor- 
porated 
busi- 
nesses, 
Novem- 
ber 

(Num- 
ber) 



Popula- 
tion, 
1950 



Johnstown, Pa 

KalaaBSoo, Mich 

Kansas City, Ho 

Kenosha, Wis 

Knoxville, Tenn 

I,ancaster, Pa 

Lansliig, Mich 

Laredo, Tex 

Lawrence, [>fcsB 

Lexington, Ky 

Lima , Ohio 

Lincoln, Nebr 

Little Rock-North 

Little Rock, Ark 

Loraln-Eljrla, Ohio.. 
Los Angeles- 

Locg Beacn, Calif... 

Louisville, Ky 

Lowell, Mass 

Lubbock, Tex 

Macon, Ga 

Madison, Wis 

Hucbester, N. H 

Henphie, Tenn 

Kiaal, Fla 

Milwaukee, Wis 

Minneapolis- 
St. Paul, Minn 

Mobile, Ala 

Montgcoery, Ala 

Muncie, Ind 

Nashville, Tenn 

New Bedford, Ttess 

New Britain- 
Bristol, Conn 

New Haven, Conn 

New Orleans, La 

New York-Northeafiters 
New Jersey 

Norfolk- 
Portsmouth, Va 

Ogden, Utah 

Oklalioaa City, Okla. . 

Cteaha, Nebr 

Orlando, Fla 

Peoria, 111 

Philadelphia, Pa 

Phoenix, Ariz 

Pittsburgh, Pa 

Plttsfield, rtess 

Portland, Maine 

Portland, Oreg 

Providence, R. I 

Pueblo, Colo 

Racine, Wis 

Raleigh, N. C 

Reading, Pa 

RichmcDd , Va 

Roanoke, Va 

Rochester, N. Y 

Rockford, lU 

Sacramento, Calif. . . . 

Saginaw, Mich 

St. Josepb, Mo 

St. Lotiis, Mo 

Salt lAke City, 

Utah 

San Angelo, Tex 

Son Ant<xilo, Tex 

San Bemardino-River- 

side-Ontario, Calif. 

San Diego, Calif 

San Francisco- 
Oakland, Calif 

San Joee, Calif 

Savannah, Ga 

Scrantcm, Pa 

Seattle, Wash 

Shreveport, la 

Sioux City, Iowa 

Sioux Falls, S. Dak. . 
South Bend, Ind 



265 

227 

2,105 

72 

i21 

361 
237 
80 
132 
207 

159 

195 

385 
132 

9,193 

936 
113 
313 
176 
309 

185 
1,089 
1,324 
1,7U 

2,496 

340 
242 

131 
615 
170 



110 

602 

1,442 



552 
U4 
856 
921 
307 

443 
6,613 

721 

3,126 

81 

323 

1,569 

1,236 

126 

141 

268 
358 
688 
243 
806 

312 
441 
266 
185 
3,278 



707 
123 
800 

643 

683 



4,692 
430 
272 

331 
1,941 

409 
339 
208 

3U 



202 

156 

1,304 

51 

298 

264 
207 
63 
120 
131 

107 
132 

270 
102 

6,921 

682 
99 
236 
133 
183 

143 

716 

1,058 

1,203 

1,614 

258 
167 
89 
438 
152 



480 
1,013 



4U 

73 

605 

560 

223 

273 
5,009 

492 

2,238 

62 

250 

1,123 

1,043 

90 

93 

178 
273 
457 
169 
572 

228 
331 
172 
119 
2,168 



485 
100 
628 

417 
523 



3,143 
329 
203 
302 

1,296 

290 
189 
111 
210 



62,383 
64,936 
1,270,680 
15,933 
169,108 

119,939 
147,224 
17,913 
63,378 
86,710 

55,238 
88,189 

179,306 
32,734 



533,443 
28,148 

176,383 
68,070 

109,361 

73,084 

1,233,626 

567,534 

715,700 

1,692,718 

152,257 
111,856 

27,701 
323,770 

63,862 



30,788 
230,792 
921,526 

21,691,360 



237,422 
44,435 
383,157 
533,176 
105,897 

160,636 
2,853,834 

300,691 

1,233,788 

21,379 

151,032 

987,245 

479,413 

48,906 

28,540 

113,671 
109,320 
370,680 
105,460 
326,071 

108,942 
242,730 
113,435 
120,277 
1,743,070 



292,068 
40,098 
371,120 

197,140 
266,874 



2,337,238 
133,023 
107,232 
114,046 
867,025 

194,624 
177,865 
87,511 
110,126 



25 

32 

355 

5 

52 

26 
36 
1 



905 
114 



24 
177 
106 
258 



65 
221 



1,955 



10 
125 
145 

25 

60 
731 

69 
471 

12 



39 
39 

124 
32 

112 

49 
63 
30 
13 
506 



20,324 

48,246 

1,061,283 

8,121 

120,869 

43,374 

32,594 

(D) 

(D) 

14,193 

(D) 
10,287 

71,888 
3,657 



396,033 
4,213 
20,368 
14,880 
51,620 

25,555 

542,526 
118,044 
795,485 

1,139,977 

54,808 
43,794 

2,074 
73,434 

8,662 



12,533 
125,490 
546,164 

14,781,548 



68,416 

14,628 

307,943 

395,511 

17,241 

83,407 
2,999,771 

82,426 

1,792,934 

(D) 

68,330 

465,339 

(D) 

8,776 

15,664 

32,738 
60,727 

318,552 
29,457 

217,593 

34,945 
63,614 
25,390 
6,944 
1,775,971 



137,498 

(D) 

97,004 

19,677 
44,495 



2,339,465 

86,752 

44,535 

49,165 

673,267 

71,240 
28,644 
33,991 
92,788 



100 
10 
22 

25 

26 



28 
9 
33 
65 
20 

45 
113 



15 
72 
39 
17 
25 

25 
20 
22 
15 
31 

18 
28 
29 
20 
103 



120 
28 
14 
14 



17,540 
10,882 
75,142 
5,614 
45,711 

20,635 

17,451 
4,896 
1,516 
9,523 

18,964 
8,519 

20,446 
10,668 

461,820 

66,859 
9,069 
13,792 
10,038 
20,404 

(D) 
42,096 
48,582 
82,853 

124,144 

27,992 
11,476 
13,972 
48,047 
2,064 



1,164 
116,960 
59,521 



72,341 
4,947 
26,651 
56,313 
18,182 

47,529 
381,033 

55,035 

167,727 

4,001 

50,233 

107,293 

136,137 

7,579 

11,462 

14,995 
28,996 
73,302 

(D) 
66,081 

11,834 
23,475 
16,209 
10,192 
140,201 



23,621 
6,228 
32,573 

59,283 
64,327 



223,443 

27,625 

(D) 

9,151 

107,570 

(D) 
12,600 
13,138 
25,334 



162 
115 
193 



34 
166 



. 53 
13 
34 

128 
15 

39 
718 

62 

322 

2 



19 

23 

442 



18 
21 
272 

27 
51 
20 
17 



(D) 

11,113 

770,383 

77,072 

77,463 

27,117 

1,762 

(D) 

91,712 

(D) 
(D) 

67,229 
(D) 



135,732 
4,027 
25,287 
11,647 
4,688 

(D) 
564,233 
99,041 
255,467 



32,294 

32,557 

14,483 

112,808 

(D) 



2,332 

31,901 

221,165 



60,375 

67,828 

194,359 

706,653 

7,363 

135,325 

323,045 

78,337 

306,893 

(B) 

(D) 

253,369 

50,123 

(D) 

1,134 

(D) 
26,726 
87,953 
26,923 
57,771 

8,335 

8,200 

18,378 

212,748 

790,726 



49,239 
3,957 
94,563 

27,434 
22,469 



840,228 

8,999 

(D) 

(D) 

297,893 

34,834 
490,193 
159,81* 

14,084 



123 
22 

14 
21 



(D) 

5,260 

80,084 

2,058 

7,050 

21,589 

1,772 
(D) 

1,286 

18,854 
(D) 

9,667 
(D) 

171,701 

33,973 

27,631 

12,139 



79,058 
8,830 
4,187 



2,364 

4,216 

19,630 

(D) 



3,757 
2,313 



6,472 
23,309 
15,510 
54,976 
25,375 

48,609 
32,334 
40,394 
47,547 



(D) 

26,948 

(D) 

(D) 

5,534 

(D) 
2,505 
2,437 

(D) 
8,681 

5,994 

9,575 

15,065 

17,334 

103,926 



33,756 

(D) 

14,756 

73,974 
13,730 



63,130 

16,256 

(D) 

(D) 

7,922 

(D) 
15,704 
16,606 
22,991 



6,869 

10,908 

132,908 

2,022 

21,002 

14,229 

14,110 
1,251 
4,749 
8,896 

5,709 
8,863 

20,677 
4,180 

519,065 

62,676 
3,014 

ll.OiZ 
7,229 

12,984 

7,960 
68,124 
54,398 
103,948 

181,057 

16,097 
10,803 

4,083 
31,522 

5,285 



3,425 
29,303 
82,396 



28,374 
«,436 
42,360 
52,392 
15,706 

20,302 
355,534 

32,361 

176,497 

2,399 

17,563 
90,112 
49,129 
3,998 
4,734 

11,817 
12,985 
42,963 
12,004 
43,412 

12,709 

24,907 

12,751 

8,382 

223,416 



38,480 

3,458 

38,088 

25,847 
29,634 



284,439 
16,802 
U,679 
13,029 

108,350 

19,272 
U,254 
10,548 
18,799 



136,066 

203,610 

2,631,361 

39,114 

401,360 

274,203 
267,393 
22,274 



110,638 
173,928 

366,126 
78,380 

10,965,251 

1,217,683 

52,610 

252,153 

135,910 

266,701 

141,161 
1,359,760 
1,057,254 
2,077,686 

3,507,038 

334,224 
206,650 

76,710 
603,333 

93,830 



62,622 

590,735 

1,613,199 

35,821, 3U 



554,898 

83,744 

853,138 

1,029,958 

295,194 

396,466 
6,825,249 

701,261 

3,441,236 

54,478 

322,375 
1,858,736 

919,365 
78,438 
96,549 

237,524 
243,4U 
362,921 
235,788 
795,053 

257,604 
526,694 
250,179 
183,965 
4,310,371 



775,706 

70,551 

765,201 

506,969 
601,216 



5,908,435 
343,475 
213,133 
262,408 

2,182,059 

381,439 
255,113 
206,157 
378,697 



1,918 

2,319 

29,227 

504 

5,163 

3,908 
2,944 
515 
1,273 
2,597 

1,394 
2,306 



110,828 

15,116 
812 
2,664 
2,146 
3,081 

1,930 
16,218 
13,646 
22,813 

38,726 

4,444 
3,132 
1,041 
8,550 
1,497 



817 
6,936 
20,532 



7,692 

1,207 

10,479 

12,493 

5,435 

4,682 
30,034 

9,054 

37,763 

693 

4,575 
19,566 
12,441 
1,042 
1,097 

3,320 
3,427 
10,364 
3,113 
9,611 

2,633 
5,929 
2,336 
2,131 
48,938 

9,230 

956 

10,747 

6,497 
7,076 



59,078 
4,048 
3,018 
3,515 

23,061 

5,071 
3,464 
2,569 
3t871. 



160 

121 

1,155 

52 

208 

254 
130 
72 
59 
96 



207 
84 



508 

37 

211 



51 
659 
624 

750 

1,131 

204 

U9 



70 
296 
332 



291,354 
126,707 
814,357 
75,238 
337,105 

234,717 
172,941 
56,141 
125,935 
100,746 

88,183 
119,742 

196,685 
148,162 



576,900 
133,928 
101,043 
135,043 
169,357 

88,370 
482,393 
495,084 
871,047 



231,105 
138,965 
90,252 
321,758 
137,469 



146,983 
264,622 
685,405 

12,911,994 



296 
78 
522 
555 

153 

238 
4,950 

U3 
2,039 

41 

94 
942 
564 

94 



133 
241 
290 
106 
373 

141 
293 
167 
136 

1,666 



332 
102 
552 

509 

474 



3,121 
323 
153 
252 
992 

226 

235 

96 

U3 



446,200 
63,319 
325,352 
366,395 
114,950 

250,512 
3,671,048 

331,770 

2,213,236 

66,567 

U9,942 
704,829 
737,203 
90,133 
109,585 

136,450 
255,740 
328,050 
133,407 
437,632 

152,365 
277,140 
153,515 
96,626 
1,631,231 



274,895 

53,929 

500,460 

451,686 
556,806 



2,240,767 
290,547 
151,481 
257,396 
732,992 

216,686 
103,917 
70,910 
205.058 



See footnotes at end of table. 



1-52 



WHOLESALE TRADE-SUMMARY STATISTICS 



T:ihle iG WHOLESALE TRADE: 1954— STANDARD METROPOLITAN AREAS— Continued 
Establishments and Sales by Type of Operation; Payroll, Personnel, and Population 













Major types of operation 












Payroll and paid 


Active 


1 




Estab- 

lish- 

j-ients 






















Payroll, 
entire 


employees, workveek 
ended nearest 
November 15 


propri- 
etors 
of un- 
incor- 
porated 




standard 


Merchant 

wholesalers 


Manufacturers' 
sales branches, 
sales offices 


Petroleum bulk 

plants, terminals 

and LP gas 

facilities 


Merchandise agents, 
brokers 


Assemblers of 
farm products 


Popula- 


metropolitan 






tion, 


























year 






busi- 


1950 


are 




Estab- 




Estab- 




Estab- 




Estab- 




Estab- 








Qi^loy- 


nesses, 








lish- 
ments 


Sales 


lish- 
ments 


Sales 


lish- 
ments 


Sales 


lish- 
ments 


Sales 


lish- 
ments 


Sales 




Payroll 


ees 


Novem- 
ber 






(Num- 


(Num- 




(Num- 




(Num- 




(Num- 




(Num- 








(Num- 


(Num- 






ber) 


ber) 


(a;i,ooo) 


ber) 


(W,000) 


ber) 


($1,000) 


ber) 


($1,000) 


ber) 


($1,000) 


($1,000) 


(Dollars) 


ber) 


ber) 




Spokane , Wash 


50i 


356 


270,274 


64 


59,724 


39 


29,101 


34 


39,023 


11 


13,855 


24,867 


502,950 


5,792 


270 


221,551 


Springfield, 111 

Springfield, Mo 


253 


157 


107,430 


32 


38,710 


28 


8,996 


17 


53,759 


24 


19,247 


9,284 


184,062 


2,287 


159 


131,484 


236 


184 


90,448 


15 


15,488 


21 


13,102 


11 


37,267 


5 


7,170 


8,943 


170,294 


2,405 


149 


104,823 


Springfield, Ohio 


112 


32 


28,030 


12 


(D) 


11 


10,466 


5 


(D) 


2 


(D) 


3,851 


70,528 


985 


42 


111,661 


^ringf ield -Holyoke 


































Mass 


59t. 


4<J2 


240,434 


72 


104,669 


16 


(D) 


22 


(D) 


4 


3,831 


30,094 


593,974 


7,327 


268 


407,255 


Stanford -No rwalk , 




Conn 


282 


219 


102,024 


15 


15,363 


15 


20,535 


33 


32,352 






12,337 


230,332 


2,663 


123 


196,023 


Stoclcton, Calif 


32i 


199 


113,518 


35 


43,828 


41 


26,549 


12 


5,097 


37 


46,560 


12,771 


255,290 


3,121 


247 


200,750 


Syracuse, N. Y 


750 


478 


295,425 


156 


408,616 


26 


60, 386 


87 


57,419 


3 


944 


44,106 


375,533 


10,110 


313 


341,719 


Tacoma, Wash. ........ 


369 


289 


201,272 


37 


28,652 


28 


32,646 


7 


6,630 


8 


4,324 


19,345 


410,607 


4,718 


198 


275,876 


Tampa-St. Petersburg, 




Fla 


866 
186 


650 
141 


316,265 
53,649 


72 

17 


107,621 
5,837 


48 

15 


67,126 
12,672 


70 
6 


93,765 
12,150 


26 
7 


13,635 
7,262 


34,332 
7,172 


671,273 
129,387 


9,516 
1,344 


473 
99 


409,143 


Terre Haute, Ind 


105,160 


Toledo, Ohio 


703 


512 


319,259 


101 


122,052 


19 


65,173 


65 


68,373 


6 


19,313 


39,596 


778,586 


3,742 


295 


395,551 


Topeka, Kans 


130 


126 


85,220 


22 


7,565 


22 


11,800 


4 


2,126 


6 


3,425 


7,928 


159,446 


2,001 


91 


105,413 


Trenton, I!. J 


301 


227 


111,716 


40 


72,871 


13 


26,992 


9 


5,409 


12 


11,116 


17.029 


323,382 


3,891 


163 


229,781 


Tucson, Ariz 


207 


161 


69,334 


17 


7,345 


19 


16, 515 


7 


5,040 


3 


586 


6,480 


138,251 


1,676 


99 


141,216 


Tulsa, Okla 


671 
383 


464 
283 


271,796 
121,225 


108 
36 


288,081 
44,712 


29 
34 


30,190 
34,706 


68 
13 


fD) 
16,459 


2 
12 


(D) 
12,058 


30,417 
13,150 


641,183 
245,971 


6,872 
3,513 


363 

136 


251.686 


Utica-Some, N. Y 


284,262 


Waco, Tex............ 


229 

1,411 


169 
1,001 


99,134 

670,216 


23 

216 


18,891 
641,645 


21 
25 


10,667 
83,393 


8 
158 


9,099 

209,684 


8 

11 


8,448 

11, U7 


7,908 
39,519 


162,488 
1,755,016 


2,285 
19,903 


142 
611 


130,194 


Washington, D. C 


1,464,039 


Waterbury, Conn 


164 


129 


49,608 


20 


52,882 


7 


4,589 


8 


3,633 






6,954 


U8,145 


1,643 


90 


154,656 


Waterloo, IO'*a 


133 


119 


56,100 


19 


13,825 


29 


10,254 


7 


7,492 


9 


6,909 


6,471 


123,369 


1,543 


104 


100.448 


WheeUng, W. Va- 


































Steubenville, Ohio.. 


382 


295 


115,555 


37 


93,591 


30 


23,823 


17 


19,750 


3 


60 


12,737 


247,733 


3,353 


221 


354,092 


Wichita, Kans 


585 


403 


264,501 


64 


115,527 


41 


20,730 


55 


111,179 


22 


13,985 


26,790 


544,771 


6,261 


309 


222,290 


Wichita Falls, Tex... 


206 


151 


79,211 


26 


24,361 


21 


13,977 


4 


(D) 


4 


(D) 


7,121 


148,983 


1.895 


138 


98,493 


vfiUies-Barre-Hazletcn, 


































Pa 


477 
308 


379 
221 


133,259 
115,759 


40 
53 


40,850 
(D) 


32 

15 


33,402 
30,618 


20 

15 


19,479 
(D) 


6 
4 


1,991 
(D) 


14,510 
32,550 


237,114 
613,378 


4,006 
6,050 


391 

142 


392,241 


Wilmington, Del 


268,387 


Winston-Salem, N. C. 


191 


139 


63,640 


14 


19,802 


11 


13,267 


27 


45,548 




... 


7,771 


167,512 


2,401 


125 


146,135 


Worcester, Mass 


433 


361 


193,330 


43 


47,093 


10 


36,223 


19 


7,976 




... 


19,883 


368,506 


4,616 


168 


276,336 


York, Pa 


266 


200 


93,207 


27 


54,684 


17 


16,434 


9 


10,452 


13 


5,644 


11,930 


232,507 


2,955 


150 


202,737 


Youngstovvn, Ohio 


564 


433 


216,296 


60 


182,650 


43 


47,214 


26 


(D) 


2 


(D) 


26,673 


528,312 


6,083 


303 


528,498 



(D) Withheld to avoid disclosure. 



Represents zero. 



I 



UNITED STATES SUMMARY 

Table IH WHOLESALE TRADE: 1948— STANDARD METROPOLITAN AREAS 
Esublishments and Sales by Type ot Operation; Payroll, Personnel, and Population 



1-53 



standard 
etropolltan area 



United States, 
total 



Standard metro- 
politan areas ; 
total 



A]Eron, Ohio 

Albany-Schenec- 

tady-Troy, N.Y. 
Albuquerque, 

N. Hex 

Allentown- 

Bethlehem- 

Easton, Pa 

Altoona, Pa 

Amarlllo, Tex... 
Asheville, N.C.. 

Atlanta, Ga 

Atlantic City, 

N. J 

Augusta, Ga 

Austin, Tex 

Baltimore, Kd... 
Baton Rouge, La. 
Bay City, Mich.. 
Beaunont-Port 
Arthur, Tex.... 



Blngbamton, N.Y... 
Birmingham, Ala. . . 

Boston, Mass 

Bridgeport, Conn.. 
Brockton, Mass.... 

Buffalo, N.Y 

Canton, Ohio 

Cedar Rapids, Iowa 
Charleston, S.C... 
Charleston, W. Va. 

Charlotte, N.C 

Chattanooga, Tenn. 

Chicago, 111 

Cincinnati, Ohio.. 
Cleveland, Ohio... 

Columbia, S.C 

Columbus, Ga...... 

Columbus, Ohio.... 

Corpus Christi, 

Tex 

Dallas, Tex 



Davenport, Iowa- 
Rock Island- 
Hollne, 111 

Dayton, Ohio 

Decatur, 111 

Denver, Colo 

Des Moines, Iowa.. 

Detroit, Mich 

Dubuque, Iowa 

Duluth, Mtnn.- 
Superior, Wis..., 

Durham, N.C 

El Paso, Tex 

Erie, Pa 

Evansville, Ind.., 
Fall River, Mass., 

Flint, Mich 

Fort Smith, Ark. . , 

Fort Wayne, Ind.., 
Fort Worth, Tex.., 

Fresno, Calif 

Gadsden, Ala 

Galveston, Tex..., 

Grand Rapids, 
Mich 

Green Bay, Wis..., 
Greensboro-High 

Point, N.C 

Greenville, S.C, 
Uamilton-Mlddle- 

town, Ohio 



Estab- 
lish- 
ments, 
1948 



(Number) 



Hampton-Newport 

Kews-Waivick, Va, 
Harrlsburg, Pa.,,, 
Hartford, Conn..,, 

Houston, Tex 

Huntington, W, 
Va, -Ashland, Ky,, 

Indianapolis, Ind, 

Jackson, Mich 

Jackson, Miss 

Jacksonville, Fla, 



216,099 



426 
688 
184 



490 
165 

247 

161 

1,500 

140 
177 

147 

2,015 

160 

105 

207 

182 
801 

4,781 
282 
128 

1,571 
260 
213 
171 
336 

567 

322 

10,039 

1,800 

2,845 

251 
108 
645 

252 
1,6U 



347 
489 
165 
1,212 
524 

3,650 
111 

390 
100 
307 

225 
223 

139 
204 
156 

311 
523 
483 



549 
183 



343 
208 



112 

334 

617 

1,234 

303 

1,032 
122 
241 
607 



Major types of operation 



Merchant 
wholesalers 



Estab- 
lish- 
ments, 
1948 

(Number) 



129,117 

100,839 
3U 

476 

133 



387 
121 

161 
125 
740 

108 
127 

104 

1,495 

128 

151 

135 
511 

3,346 
216 
Ul 

1,068 
205 
130 
128 
254 

304 

212 

6,547 

1,103 

1,756 

186 

77 

425 

172 
841 



201 
320 
90 
731 
321 

2,259 
63 

246 
60 

211 

156 
154 
115 
138 
115 

211 
357 
261 



374 
125 



193 
120 



80 
227 
438 
781 



614 

75 

172 

423 



Sales, 

entire 

year 1948 



($1,000) 



66,207,709 
145,564 

326,526 

67,195 



133,991 
47,736 

112,884 
46,042 
592,792 

40,135 
57,380 

52,990 

799,784 

55,394 

36,943 

73,593 

72,415 

338,342 

2,310,792 

115,315 

29,296 
651,679 
146,850 

75,797 

63,079 
171,981 

280,151 
148,506 

5,015,512 
758,377 

1,332,615 

130,188 

36,324 

410,814 

93,096 
828,269 



108,470 
184,034 
70,981 
496,450 
248,934 

1,467,349 

30,001 

334,137 
30,330 
124,604 

69,616 
99,766 
53,669 
71,812 
48,869 

100,944 
329,219 
150,063 
14,630 
44,604 

187,695 
84,384 

113,198 
61,413 

26,053 

28,149 
140,782 
247,454 
891,155 

115,032 

529,865 
31,082 
105,900 
254,732 



Manufacturers ' 
sales branches, 
sales offices 



Estab- 
lish- 
ments, 
1948 

(Num- 
ber) 



143 
J3 



51 
20 

37 
10 
508 

14 
13 



257 

15 

5 



30 
166 
786 



285 
28 
28 
12 
45 

150 
48 
1,703 
397 
617 

36 

15 
130 



224 
102 



10 

69 

118 

292 



206 
18 



Sales, 

entire 

year 1948 



($1,000) 



49,381,277 

(D) 

133,398 

8,588 



53,956 
12,064 

47,231 

7,260 

1,263,894 

7,729 
14,377 

8,356 

555,265 

9,936 

2,405 

22,635 

47,631 
368,168 
1,680,793 
27,870 
8,318 
587,664 
10,200 
32,420 
12,358 
48,550 

537,619 

48,732 

5,477,693 

1,037,948 

1,640,229 

31,772 
13,524 

173,627 

12,272 
935,994 



123,843 

132,060 

20,784 

(D) 

188,997 

2,188,199 
21,894 

40,352 

(D) 

60,214 

19,880 
24,951 
10,296 
29,615 
9,599 

25,179 
58,429 
32,417 
(D) 
6,121 

87,634 
43,202 

75,833 
42,461 



7,457 

100,794 

(D) 

588,772 

73, U8 

380,767 

21,535 

29,065 

CD) 



Petroleum bulk 

plants, terminals 

and LP gas 

facilities 



Estab- 
lish- 
ments, 
1948 

(Num- 
ber! 



28,351 

5,524 

21 

34 

14 

36 

21 

18 



13 
28 
56 
13 
5 

58 
19 
28 
15 
18 

21 
23 
278 
34 
44 

14 
10 



56 
38 

117 
19 

62 
13 
25 



Sales, 

entire 

year 1948 



($1,000) 



6,108,141 
30,397 

64,892 

7,459 



(D) 
12,893 

6,954 

6,731 

42,200 

9,360 
(D) 

7,250 

113,811 

9,833 

11,685 

13,296 

11,381 
35,141 
2U,693 
31,011 
(D) 
66,399 
15,976 
7,924 
19,415 
21,232 

24,359 
18,434 
354,339 
45,772 
89,001 

(D) 

6,419 

31,505 

18,130 
25,732 



24,093 
22,646 
7,832 
(D) 
25,480 

229,325 
6,700 

16,222 
7,882 
12,565 

15,222 

7,889 

18,840 

20,192 

5,067 

15,279 

16,103 

25,986 

4,096 

(D) 

22,418 
10,057 

22,282 
7,498 

5,428 

7,005 
23,670 
54,837 
82,765 

12,935 

43,634 
9,404 
9,051 

55,002 



Merchandise 

agents, brokers 



Estab- 
lish- 
ments, 
1943 

(NuiT- 
ber) 



Sales, 

entire 

year 1948 



($1,000) 



18,138 



11 
11 
206 



6 

200 

6 

2 



92 
572 



149 
7 
U 
U 
19 

86 

36 

1,447 

257 

425 



13 



28 

57 

6 

164 

47 

563 

1 



1 

13 

37 

122 



156 

6 

13 

48 



32,839,667 

28,985,161 
67,227 

(D) 

(D) 



6,256 
3,558 

39,085 

8,117 

273,483 



13,527 

(D) 

214,578 

6,755 

(D) 

2,224 

3,822 

91,496 

913,000 

777 

(D) 

112,961 

(D) 

12,506 

(D) 

15,741 

136,656 

50,645 

3,366,795 

418,135 

358,280 

18,518 
8,274 
53,062 

6,783 
307,612 



24,340 

CD) 

36,114 

271, 7eo 
92,173 

734,499 
(D) 

70,013 
24,620 
(D) 
10,236 
60,753 
549 
3,741 
1,500 

33,085 

214,640 

U,917 

CD) 

1,696 

33,013 
15,737 

124,977 
(D) 

CD) 

(D) 

CD) 

19,229. 

CD) 

55,076 

344,984 

2,393 

14,931 

47,826 



Assemblers of 
farm products 



Estab- 
lish- 
ments, 
1948 

(M'jin- 
ber) 



Sales, 

entire 

year 1948 

($1,000) 



9,920,288 



2,559,862 
(D) 
(D) 
(D) 

(D) 

31,274 

5,399 

13,598 

(D) 

(D) 
23,311 

(D) 

4,458 

1,211 
39, 595 

CD) 

13,220 

CD) 

9,130 

CD) 

2,348 

245 

147,011 

5,477 

7,071 

CD) 
4,450 
9,496 

9,303 
29,360 



1,868 
CD) 
21,315 
31,741 
12,0U 

21,084 
CD) 

1,157 
CD) 
CD) 

411 
621 

2,846 
2,146 

7,284 

18,497 

56,276 

CD) 

CD) 



16,919 
11,456 



CD) 
CD) 

CD) 
CD) 
CD) 
CD) 



140,532 

2,409 

2,104 

CD) 



Payroll, 

entiru 

year 1948 



C$1,000) 



7,734,207 

o,65U,43v 
17,595 
28,330 
6,248 



15,729 
4,350 

10,149 
4,356 
89,758 

3,608 
4,530 

4,590 

83,252 

5,320 

3,257 

6,859 

8,832 
37,635 
226,630 
12,899 

2,849 
65,269 
10,907 

8,226 

5,737 
16,749 

28,691 
11,263 

579,056 
81,961 

146,385 

8,840 
3,535 
32,288 

7,428 
85,975 



12,794 
21,907 
4,903 
59,819 
25,062 

190,340 
4,353 

16,273 
3,233 
10,829 

8,937 
9,926 
4,399 
12,U1 
4,652 

11,993 
20,696 
18,358 
1,264 
2,249 

19,160 
6,835 

12,847 
5,870 

3,282 

2,707 
16,534 
27,269 
73,264 

U,312 

52,585 
3,494 
9,987 

28,775 



Payroll and paid 

emplo/eej, worl.weel^ 

,,'ded > eare::! 
November 15, 1948 



(Dollars) 



148,293,186 

126,298,353 
348,278 

53u,984 

125,814 



300,304 
83,127 

201,301 

83,470 

1,724,318 

63,563 
87,159 

36,255 

1,592,662 

103,364 

59,460 

133,643 

160,046 

718,614 

4,093,365 

245,008 

56,332 

1,244,371 
210,965 
152,038 
109,665 
310,305 

553,821 

217,217 

10,952,598 

1,524,599 

2,312,237 

186,641 
66,958 
613,604 

148,123 
1,674,U3 



245,422 
414,674 
99,757 
1,125,762 
475,337 

3,731,137 
82,229 

312,551 
69,968 
211,637 

173,958 
189,941 

81,871 
238,269 

90,954 

233,467 
399,204 
415,955 
24,133 
46,925 

353,960 
126,894 

239,664 
107,270 

57,149 

50,972 

317,681 

513,679 

1,444,626 

223,597 

984,801 
66,364 
192,746 
557,670 



Employees 



CNumber) 



2,305,403 

1,850,385 
4,930 

8,346 

2,053 



5,339 
1,646 

3,125 
1,536 
26,278 

1,152 
1,647 

1,679 

25,842 

1,792 

978 

2,395 

2,615 

11,703 

61,192 

3,772 

1,068 

18,870 
3,290 
2,511 
2,234 
4,552 

8,203 

3,696 

145,607 

23,882 

37,794 

3,128 
1,330 
9,575 

2,787 
25,662 



3,947 
6,087 
1,670 
18,750 
7,709 

48,502 
1,435 

5,322 

1,375 
3,767 

2,944 
3,081 
1,523 
3,773 
1,596 

3,487 

6,823 

7,290 

525 

828 

5,308 
2,187 



3,686 
1,843 



1,194 
5,278 
7,965 
21,362 

3,393 

14,703 
1,044 
3,345 
9,347 



Active 
propri- 
etors of 

unincor- 
porated 
busl- 
nea.se.T , 
November 
1948 



(Number] 



82,891 
233 
281 
137 



322 
123 

120 
86 
669 

101 
140 

103 

1,281 

87 

60 

126 

85 

439 

1,844 

108 

64 

834 
120 
118 
111 
128 

169 

197 

5,925 

1,011 

1,502 

133 
72 
290 

153 
953 



168 
258 
95 
702 
251 



50 
132 
98 

U9 
356 
374 
59 



336 
82 



157 
84 



79 
159 
297 



569 

55 

109 

281 



Population 
1950 



85,130,347 
410,032 

514,490 

145,673 



437,824 
139,514 

87,140 
124,403 
671,797 

132,399 
162,013 
160,930 
1,337,373 
158,236 
88,461 

195,083 

184,698 
558,923 
2,369,936 
258,137 
129,428 

1,089,230 
233,194 
104,274 
164,856 
322,072 

197,052 
246,453 

5,495,364 
904,402 

1,465,511 

142,565 
170,541 
503,410 

165,471 
614,799 



234,256 
457,333 
93,353 
563,832 

226,010 

3,016,197 
71,337 

252,777 
101,639 
194,968 

219,388 
160,422 
137,298 
270,963 

64,202 
183,722 
361,253 
276,515 

93,892 
113,066 

288,292 
98,314 

191,057 
168,152 



U3,227 
292,241 
353,081 
806,701 

245,795 
551,777 
107,925 
142,164 
304,029 



See footnotes at e.nd of table. 



1-54 



WHOLESALE TRADE-SUMMARY STATISTICS 

Table IH. WHOLESALE TRADE: 1948^— STANDARD METROPOLITAN AREAS— Continued 
Establishments and Sales by Type of Operation; Payroll, Personnel, and Population 













Major types 


of operation 










Payroll and paid 


Active 






Estab- 
lish- 
ments, 
1948 


Merchant 
wholesalers 


Manufacturers ' 
sales branches, 
sales offices 


Petroleum bulk 

plants, terminals 

and LP gas 

facilities 


Merchandise 
agents, brokers 


Assemblers of 
farm products 


Payroll, 
entire 


employees, workweek 

ended nearest 
November 15, 1948 


propri- 
etors of 
unincor- 
porated 
busi- 




standard 


























Population 


metropolitan area 




Estab- 
lish- 
ments, 
1948 


Sales, 

entire 

year 1948 


Estab- 
lish- 
ments , 
1948 


Sales, 

entire 

year 1948 


Estab- 
lish- 
ments, 
1948 


Sales, 

entire 

year 1948 


Estab- 
lish- 
ments, 
1948 


Sales, 

entire 

year 1948 


Eatab- 

llsh- 

menta, 

1948 


Sales, 

entire 

year 1948 


year 1948 


Payroll 


Bnployeea 


nesses, 

November 

1948 


1950 




(Nui±er) 


(Numlii) 


($1,000) 


(^fuJIlbe^) 


(tl,0OO) 


(Number) 


(*1,000) 


(Number) 


($1,000) 


(Nil^ 


($1,000) 


($1,000) 


(Dollars) 


(Number) 


(Number) 




Johnstown, Pa 


226 


171 


58,839 


20 


21,064 


24 


13,405 


10 


(D) 


1 


(D) 


5,639 


110,525 


2,026 


178 


291,354 


Kalamazoo, Mich... 


174 


113 


44,327 


28 


20,887 


15 


6,475 


9 


5,445 


9 


8,414 


6,010 


114,414 


1,745 


32 


126,707 


Kansas City, Mo... 


1,890 


1,080 


1,124,616 


369 


920,408 


94 


48,733 


297 


872,141 


50 


106,578 


96,153 


1,835,413 


28,453 


1,119 


814,357 


Kenosha, Wis 


67 


48 


11,551 


6 


(D) 


12 


3,487 


1 


(D) 






1,059 


20,592 


391 


47 


75,238 


Knoxville, Tenn... 


333 


231 


142,913 


52 


53,828 


23 


(D) 


27 


(D) 






14,048 


258,700 


4,428 


157 


337,105 


Lancaster, Pa 


239 


174 


69,973 


14 


3,356 


26 


18,076 


14 


76,443 


11 


9,264 


6, €06 


121,982 


2,402 


163 


234,717 


Lansing, Mich 


196 


129 


68,022 


31 


25,388 


24 


U,349 


5 


17,335 


7 


19,084 


7,310 


136,052 


2,089 


86 


172,941 


Laredo, Tex 


71 


49 


16,057 


1 


(D) 


10 


3,448 


4 


(D) 


7 


(D) 


1,152 


20,993 


8» 


57 


56,141 


Lawrence, Mass .... 


132 


114 


52,618 


10 


5,059 


8 


4,215 










3,907 


74,870 


1,359 


60 


125,935 


Lexington, Ky 


172 


108 


70,179 


18 


(D) 


11 


7,291 


34 


72,686 


1 


(B) 


6,505 


123,844 


2,421 


79 


100,746 


Lima, Ohio 


139 


91 


32,537 


15 


5,510 


15 


11,488 


5 


14, U4 


13 


4,254 


3,596 


70,118 


1,193 


82 


88,183 


Lincoln, Nebr 


184 


117 


70,577 


19 


12,044 


20 


6,885 


4 


1,950 


24 


7,109 


5,233 


120,070 


2,057 


92 


U9,742 


Little Rock-North 


































Little Rock, Ark. 


360 


251 


157,708 


51 


52,926 


19 


12,595 


35 


32,816 


4 


3,257 


13,649 


273,347 


4,775 


225 


196,685 


Lorain-Elyria, 


































Ohio 


100 


70 


18,909 


6 


1,113 


14 


7,243 


3 


410 


7 


1,697 


2,008 


38,302 


621 


78 


148,152 


Loe Angeles-Long 


































Beach, Calif 


6,983 


4,815 


2,588,740 


957 


1,642,176 


230 


310,570 


851 


775,978 


130 


201,767 


311,647 


6,115,164 


87,816 


4,872 


4,367,9U 


Louisville, Ky 


768 


559 


427,227 


lOO 


203,329 


34 


45,887 


57 


132,308 


18 


32,106 


42,028 


765,135 


13,079 


441 


576,900 


Lowell, Mass 


87 


73 


22,414 


9 


5,407 


5 


8,141 










2,186 


38,103 


791 


39 


133,928 


Lubbock, Tex 


190 


119 


60,899 


U 


5,642 


a 


8,729 


5 


22,357 


34 


59,319 


4,889 


95,635 


1,624 


129 


101,048 


Macon, Ga 


140 


96 


46,263 


19 


15,708 


15 


7,844 


9 


(D) 


1 


(D) 


4,753 


91,395 


1,792 


75 


135,043 


Madison, Wis 


240 


156 


96,012 


26 


19,516 


37 


17,495 


7 


8,231 


14 


6,424 


8,537 


162,761 


2,647 


125 


169,357 


Manchester, N.H... 


151 


116 


45,547 


21 


16,205 


10 


5,101 


2 


(D) 


2 


(D) 


4,800 


92,337 


1,662 


60 


88,370 


Memphis, Tenn 


851 


508 


1,013,919 


173 


(D) 


20 


28,033 


127 


(D) 


23 


9,851 


48,547 


902,051 


U,967 


538 


482,393 


Miami, Fla 


688 


537 


282,584 


61 


(D) 


29 


40,164 


48 


26,965 


13 


(D) 


28,533 


545,464 


8,913 


298 


495,084 


Milwaukee, Wis 


1,565 


1,051 


635,127 


249 


550,961 


47 


50,489 


212 


227,091 


6 


2,509 


73,966 


1,411,922 


20,523 


592 


871,047 


Mlnneapolis-St. 


































Paul, Minn 


2,125 


1,283 


1,540,898 


392 


810,920 


107 


103,567 


313 


980,641 


30 


102,496 


120,619 


2,324,959 


35,404 


937 


1,116,509 


Mobile, Ala 


243 


167 


98,917 


32 


32,759 


18 


19,255 


18 


19,785 


8 


777 


9,644 


181,645 


3,622 


119 


231,105 


Montgomery, Ala... 


196 


IX 


103,209 


33 


33,296 


12 


(D) 


20 


40,102 


1 


(D) 


8,434 


152,934 


2,981 


131 


138,965 


Huncie, Ind 


101 


61 


25,215 


8 


2,136 


16 


6,217 


6 


2,604 


10 


4,504 


2,899 


55,244 


926 


53 


90,252 


Nashville, Tenn... 


524 


368 


240,268 


75 


63,086 


17 


28,752 


61 


98,697 


3 


5,773 


20,932 


407,431 


7,509 


360 


321,753 


New Bedford, Mass. 


146 


111 


51,430 


U 


9,710 


8 


(D) 


2 


(D) 


U 


9,287 


4,090 


76,954 


1,560 


72 


137,469 


New Britain- 


































Bristol, Conn.. .. 


77 


66 


18,375 


7 


11,635 


4 


1,425 










1,809 


34,977 


582 


43 


146,983 


New Haven, Conn.. . 


537 


431 


213,852 


68 


(D) 


15 


73,190 


20 


14,598 


3 


(D) 


25,235 


468,168 


7,626 


236 


264,622 


New Orleans, La. . . 


1,191 


765 


641,865 


228 


(D) 


36 


52,206 


153 


197,807 


9 


(D) 


60,433 


1,104,035 


18,907 


648 


685,405 


New York-North- 


































eastern H.J 


34,123 


27,077 


17,186,476 


2,840 


11,919,968 


243 


839,998 


3,894 


9,760,010 


69 


54,479 


1,548,455 


28,624,391 


363,774 


19,440 


12,911,994 


Norfolk-Ports- 


































mouth, Va 


485 


355 


216,971 


52 


(D) 


22 


37,000 


46 


43,018 


10 


(D) 


20,889 


419,922 


7,491 


274 


446,200 


Ogden, Utah 


97 


56 


23,655 


13 


10,870 


11 


5,139 


8 


65,885 


9 


27,048 


3,191 


63,003 


1,102 


54 


83,319 


Oklahoma City, 


































Okla 


727 
791 


489 
464 


280,216 
454,337 


121 
131 


174,694 
267,660 


37 
54 


21,215 
25,385 


65 
112 


178,128 
616,851 


15 
30 


33,274 

71,841 


30,937 
36,889 


618,240 
703,179 


9,593 
U,405 


464 
446 


325,352 


Omaha, Nebr 


366,395 


Orlando, Fla 


213 


143 


46,371 


19 


(D) 


17 


(D) 


12 


2i272 


22 


14,715 


9,282 


181,963 


4,073 


91 


U4,950 


Peoria, 111 


388 


205 


122,700 


63 


88,709 


45 


22,599 


37 


105,917 


38 


45,605 


14,621 


271,801 


4,303 


196 


250,512 


Philadelphia, Pa. . 


5,593 


3,972 


2,315,865 


851 


2,291,329 


118 


227,928 


631 


649,580 


21 


21,973 


245,445 


4,641,324 


71,549 


4,277 


3,671,048 


Phoenix, Ariz 


428 


253 


158,356 


51 


45,784 


53 


28,309 


32 


36,507 


39 


25,228 


17,264 


328,526 


5,737 


258 


331,770 


Pittsburgh, Pa 


2,636 


1,780 


1,090,555 


518 


1,500,020 


62 


107,929 


269 


(D) 


7 


(D) 


125,455 


2,444,742 


36,042 


1,595 


2,213,235 


Pittsfield, Mass.. 


78 


56 


14,999 


14 


(D) 


7 


3,861 


1 


(D) 






1,735 


31,766 


566 


31 


56,567 


Portland, Maine... 


260 


187 


113,248 


41 


32,348 


16 


42,319 


6 


2,016 


10 


2,873 


12,374 


224,513 


4,025 


63 


119,942 


Portland, Oreg.... 


1,236 


819 


702,469 


192 


365,140 


57 


74,370 


142 


192,218 


26 


44,087 


63,844 


1,259,552 


17,914 


620 


704,829 


Providence, R.I... 


964 


797 


338,265 


100 


194,565 


31 


94,493 


34 


(D) 


2 


(D) 


34,018 


634,137 


10,720 


487 


737,203 


Pueblo, Colo 


128 


91 


30,766 


13 


6,203 


17 


(D) 


3 


(D) 


4 


3,285 


2,974 


57,657 


1,070 


80 


90,188 


Racine, Wis 


97 


58 


25,822 


11 


15,549 


24 


7,559 


3 


(D) 


1 


(D) 


2,998 


54,065 


794 


57 


109,585 


Raleigh, N.C 


226 


151 


86,841 


26 


17,256 


25 


10,552 


20 


(D) 


4 


(D) 


8,533 


171,376 


3,299 


108 


136,450 


Reading, Pa 


290 


219 


94,818 


36 


44,383 


23 


19,919 


9 


11,131 


3 


733 


9,144 


177,338 


3,156 


201 


255,740 


Richmond, Va 


616 


406 


299,295 


113 


(D) 


23 


36,919 


69 


81,150 


5 


(D) 


33,280 


640,244 


10,419 


264 


328,050 


Roanoke, Va 


207 


138 


78,215 


32 


27,227 


17 


6,767 


19 


(D) 


1 


(D) 


7,904 


158,764 


2,656 


104 


133,407 


Rochester, N.Y 


724 


505 


259,504 


123 


136,025 


30 


36,342 


60 


31,128 


6 


3,820 


28,090 


538,767 


8,306 


348 


487,632 


Rockford, 111 


250 


168 


81,945 


41 


27,156 


29 


15,529 


7 


4,685 


5 


2,463 


9,090 


167,004 


2,408 


137 


152,385 


Sacramento, Calif. 


359 


264 


173,079 


52 


56,853 


27 


19,853 


6 


5,323 


10 


14,619 


17,641 


368,315 


5,578 


243 


277,140 


Saginaw, Mich 


199 


125 


81,543 


22 


22,172 


26 


10,487 


6 


6,881 


20 


U,840 


9,412 


165,018 


2,795 


102 


153,515 


St. Joseph, Mo 


186 


113 


102,936 


15 


4,387 


17 


8,007 


30 


207,572 


11 


28,684 


7,3U 


141,007 


2,650 


143 


96,826 


St. Louis, Mo 


2,982 


1,891 


1,411,592 


543 


1,161,344 


105 


107,564 


391 


898,892 


52 


68,061 


, 159,532 


3,052,962 


47,312 


1,491 


1,681,281 


Salt Lake City, 


































Utah 


643 
91 


436 
63 


242,113 
23,170 


116 

5 


155,376 
562 


28 
10 


16,363 
3,551 


54 
7 


56,362 
36,958 


9 
6 


19,873 
4,220 


29,858 
1,995 


596,697 
39,140 


9,483 
783 


342 
74 


274,895 


San Angelo, Tex.. . 


58,929 


San Antonio, Tex.. 


632 


475 


271,129 


76 


84,673 


19 


15,577 


52 


94,126 


10 


6,262 


24,819 


482,709 


9,076 


467 


500,460 


San Bemadlno- 


































Rlvereide- 


































Ontario, Calif... 


459 


226 


76,000 


27 


10,378 


113 


35,319 


9 


20,172 


84 


68,648 


15,347 


253,638 


4,763 


331 


451,688 


San Diego, Calif.. 


466 


319 


147,502 


52 


26,236 


69 


43,670 


15 


7,741 


11 


7,997 


16,364 


303,168 


4,716 


322 


556,808 


San Francisco- 


































Oakland, Calif... 


4,244 


2,665 


1,932,813 


817 


1,844,627 


143 


157,704 


585 


688,355 


34 


59,658 


222,364 


4,300,224 


57,930 


2,914 


2,240,767 


San Jose, Calif. .. 


244 


167 


67,697 


29 


10,737 


37 


19,583 


2 


(D) 


9 


(D) 


6,943 


139,332 


2,173 


178 


290,547 


Savannah, Ga 


274 


208 


99,882 


28 


18,681 


16 


16,322 


16 


62,917 


6 


1,895 


8,272 


152,427 


2,sa 


210 


151,481 


Scranton, Pa 


354 


272 


103,706 


43 


(D) 


20 


10,445 


18 


9,702 


1 


(D) 


10,143 


199,129 


3,426 


239 


257,396 


Seattle, Wash 


1,639 


1,034 


645,265 


323 


437,870 


49 


77,141 


227 


257,859 


6 


13,251 


75,203 


1,438,793 


19,775 


689 


732,992 


Shreveport, La 


286 


202 


170,206 


43 


49,475 


24 


13,513 


14 


9,515 


3 


337 


14,380 


299,052 


4,630 


144 


216,686 


Sioux City, Iowa.. 


304 


169 


157,566 


32 


22,121 


34 


7,351 


40 


409,345 


29 


133,665 


11,266 


233,873 


3,543 


240 


103,917 


Sioux Falle, 


































S. Dak 


181 
263 


94 

175 


95,863 
88,350 


20 
42 


20,827 
50,948 


32 
25 


8,088 
14,429 


16 
13 


102,165 
4,081 


19 
8 


24,333 

4,360 


8,377 
10,646 


154,974 
202,714 


2,552 
2,952 


S3 
123 


70,910 


South Bend, Ind... 


205,058 


Spokane, Wash 


377 


263 


180,817 


47 


60.614 


30 


20,900 


24 


37,109 


13 


12,381 


17,928 


341,739 


5,383 


177 


221,561 


Springfield, 111.. 


244 


134 


72,350 


26 


26,002 


36 


8,^11 


13 


48,344 


35 


19,804 


6,459 


124, U9 


2,009 


150 


131,484 



See footnolea at end of table. 



UNITED STATES SUMMARY 

Tabic IR WHOLESALE TRADE: 1948'— STANDARD METROPOLITAN AREAS— Continued 
Establishments and Sales by Type ot Operation; Payroll, Personnel, and Population 



1-55 



standard 
etropolltan area 



Estab- 
lish- 
ments, 
1948 



(NumlKr) 



Major types of operation 



Merchant 
wholesalers 



Estab- 
lish- 
ments, 
1943 

(Hunter) 



Sales, 

entire 

year 1948 



($1,000) 



Estab- 
lish- 
ments, 
1948 



(Number) 



Manufactui-crs' 
sales branches, 
sales offices 



Sales, 

entire 

year 1948 



($1,000) 



Petroleum bulk 

plants, terminals 

and LP gas 

facilities 



Estab- 
lish- 
ments, 
1948 



Sales, 

entire 

year 1948 



($1,000) 



Estab- 
lish- 
ments, 
1948 

( Nujnber) 



Merchandise 
agents, brokers 



Sales, 

entire 

year 1948 



($1,000) 



Estab- 
lish- 
ments, 
1948 

dumber) 



Assemblers of 
farm products 



Sales, 

entire 
year 1948 



($1,000) 



Payroll, 

entire 

year 1948 



($1,000) 



Payroll and paid 
employees, workveeK 

ended nearest 
November 15, 1948 



Payroll 



(Delia 



Active 
propri- 
etors of 
unincor- 
porated 
busi- 
nesses, 
November 
1948 



(Number) 



Population 
1950 



Springfield, Mo... 
Springfield, Ohio. 
Sprlngfield- 

Holyoke, Mass 

Stamf ord-Norvalk , 

Conn 

Stockton, Calif.. . 

Syracuse, N.Y 

Tacosa, Wash 

Tampa-St. Peters- 
burg, Fla 

Terre Haute, Ind.. 
Toledo, Ohio 



Topeka, Kans.... 
Trenton, N.J.... 
Tucson, Ariz... . 

Tulsa, Okla 

Utica-Rome, N.I. 

Waco, Tex 

Washington, D.C. 

Waterbury, Conn. 

Waterloo, Xova., 

Wheeling, W. Va.. 
Steubenvllle, 
Ohio 



Wichita, Kans... 
Wichita Falls, 

Tex 

Wlllres-Barre- 

Hazelton, Pa... 
WllMngton, Del. 
Wlnston-Salen, 

N.C 



Worchester, Mass. 
York, Pa 

Youngstown, C]hio. 



194 
97 



127 
284 

657 
290 

583 
155 

619 

163 
232 
U2 
481 
316 

176 

1,170 

123 

146 



340 
515 



470 
232 



400 
206 
455 



139 

69 



97 
172 

409 
213 

394 

ns 

436 

104 
179 
83 
318 
229 

121 
754 
95 
104 



255 
357 



367 
165 



320 
153 

339 



70,529 
25,245 

172,842 

48,359 
89,229 

224,190 
167,232 

183,524 

58,298 

298,355 

55,427 
70,240 
33,842 
165,679 
95,139 

90,853 
504,626 
38,811 
48,257 



104,037 
213,303 



128,201 
72,546 



162,727 
66,861 
153,022 



149 
29 



14 
107 

19 
31 
13 
106 
40 

17 

252 

18 

10 



12,689 
6,277 

75,129 

12,309 
14,688 

245,065 
17,121 

(D) 

5,610 

131,167 

11,695 

27,509 

(D) 

147,028 

28,264 

18,418 

550,167 

13,753 

9,837 



36,181 
55,201 

10,668 

41,688 
(D) 

(D) 

44,052 
13,704 
80,306 



9,897 
9,107 

22,928 

(D) 
17,748 

36,076 
23,720 

35,013 

8,705 

41,571 

5,755 
19,589 

8,424 
14,529 
21,374 

7,152 

66,086 

(D) 

6,484 



18,862 
11,037 



19,103 
13,956 



10,401 

22,125 

8,751 

32,034 



40,344 
(D) 



(D) 
4,169 

30,443 
9,864 

28,903 

(D) 

47,089 

2,970 

(D) 

(D) 

30,293 

(D) 

10,222 

(D) 

(D) 

4,413 



12,421 
102,219 

(D) 

(D) 
(D) 

49,285 

(D) 

5,952 

(D) 



18,918 
(D) 



31,268 

5,342 

844 

(D) 

(D) 

6,384 

4,302 
(D) 

2,727 
(D) 

7,746 
(D) 



1,215 
19,431 

(D) 

(D) 
(D) 

(D) 

(D) 

1,155 

(D) 



5,960 
2,617 

18,377 

5,331 

9,707 

26,758 
11,449 

19,989 
5,770 
30,809 

5,614 
8,863 
3,455 
20,358 
9,414 

5,705 
64,011 
4,440 
4,484 



9,997 
17,869 



10,783 
15,877 

5,890 

15,049 
6,316 
15,711 



108,154 
48,665 

345,062 

100,146 
213,136 

521,802 
230,685 

391,787 
104,467 
579,309 

107,625 
170,763 
65,801 
395,963 
174,580 

111,339 

1,230,531 

83,706 

81,620 



189,699 
354,912 



214,937 
314,340 

132,348 

267,602 
118,109 
312,235 



2,139 
913 



1,459 
3,428 

8,072 
3,191 

7,622 
1,999 
3,385 

1,848 
2,777 
1,160 
6,047 
2,969 

2,117 
17,874 
1,461 
1,358 



3,328 
5,900 



4,151 
4,228 

2,505 
4,559 
2,155 
4,748 



56 
220 

292 
184 

309 

87 

254 

94 
137 

48 
218 
166 

123 

554 
49 



192 
331 



374 
121 



135 
134 
275 



104,823 
111,661 

407,255 

196,023 
200,750 
341,719 
275,876 

409,143 
105,160 
395,551 

105,418 
229,781 
141,216 
251,686 
284,262 

130,194 

1,464,089 

154,656 

100, U8 



354,092 
222,290 

98,493 

392,241 
268,387 

146,135 
276,336 
202,737 
528,493 



(D) Withheld to avoid disclosure. ... Represents zero. 

^Data in this table differ from those which appear in publications of the 1948 Census of Wholesale Trade in that they have been adjusted to the scope of the 1954 Wholesale Census. 



1-56 



WHOLESALE TRADE-SUMMARY STATISTICS 



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UNITED STATES SUMMARY 



1-57 



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1-60 



WHOLESALE TRADE-SUMMARY STATISTICS 



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62,480 
362 

10,460 
4,677 
7,474 
3,551 
8,396 
4,045 
8,431 

15,084 


26,220 
9,664 
10,173 

(D) 


58,478 
2,288 
8,342 
6,838 

41,010 


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g C M ji u z •< ax 






UNITED STATES SUMMARY 



1-61 



4) "S (, 

3 v'i 



•3 w 



C- ■-< S -J- rH ^ .-i 



^ tn "4 to lo o 



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trv rH O ^ P' *^ f 



32 



tOt-ic\t ^n^(^u^(^ 



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c^ O t^ •-' <M «> o^ 



u^ -.J ir\ vO 

00 en rH (n 



»00*DOQ<nQ»Qg< 
C^■-^cn<-'«^fn>^^^i^S(SJ 



lO sf (M Ov 



<ft<HP0NOf-0» ir(-«ICO(n tOOnCUOfn \OtMt--COvO>OOt^ OfNO^^'ntMO^HOOW 0\-*C-0^0* PlCTiOilTiO iAinov.^irtt>.(no>'— 

a>(nMiri'«tT»\b •st'f'rHC^ (^ r~ f-i <c\ to ■-{ tio'-^'H'Hu^KS ®rjIsjHoooHioo<M OC-Hsfvo -j-mr^cMco r\Jo>oO<o^r-l&Q 

HoxOi-irMt^^J (^t^^f^^o ioif>(n*o<r»-j r^(nw^D-^4■l0^o-4■ ruvooN'>oo\^-*lsc^co ^ototo* intocooE^ t^voBS-— '0\c^-j-fH^^ 

o«>fvo<H<nr\jm rHor*-fn Q>ocn\DOv-4^ -*tnc-o<n'-ifn>t ooHoovomootno'tM^ r^minrym t-'OrHOto t-ojH nj^-sjin 

f>ipH t*-nrHr>Jt~-<Mr\)rHrH nH M 

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1-62 



WHOLESALE TRADE-SUMMARY STATISTICS 



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m C^iHinTOt^iriU-lfMr-imCMrl m rHrH C^ <-< T-t c-kn 

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UNITED STATES SUMMARY 



1-63 



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WHOLESALE TRADE-SUMMARY STATISTICS 



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1-70 



WHOLESALE TRADE-SUMMARY STATISTICS 



Table 1 L. WHOLESALE TRADE: 1954— UNITED STATES BY CITY SIZE, TYPE OF OPERATION, AND KIND OF BUSINESS 

Establishments and Sales 



Type of operation and 
kind of business 



Estab- 
lish- 
ments 

(Number) 



United States 



($1,000) 



Estab- 
lish- 
ments 

(Number) 



Cities with population of— 



500,000 or more 



($1,C00) 



100,000 to 499,999 



Estab- 
lish- 
ments 



Sales 

($1,000) 



25,000 to 99,999 



Estab- 
lish- 
ments 



Sales 

($1,000) 



5,000 to 24,999 



Estab- 
lish- 
ments 

(Number) 



Sales 
($1,000) 



Remainder of 
United SUtes 



EsUb- 

lish- 

ments 



Sales 
($1,000) 



Wholesale trade, total 

TYPE OP OPERillON 

Iferchant wholesalers. . 

Manufacturers' sales branches, sales offices 

Petroleum bulk plants, terminals and LP gas 

facilities 

Merchandise agents, brokers 

Assemblers of farm products 

TKPE BY KIND OF BUSINESS 

iferchant wholesalers 

Grocery, confectionery, meat wholesalers: 

General-line grocery wholesalers 

Voluntary grocery wholesalers 

Retailer cooperative food wholesalers... 

Cash-carry food depots 

Other general-line grocery wholesalers.. 

Confectionery wholesalers 

Fish, sea food distributors 

Ifeat, meat products wholesalers 

fecial ty-line grocery wholesalers 

Bakery, restaurant, hotel supply houses. 

Bread, bakery goods distributors 

Canned food wholesalers 

Coffee, tea, spice wholesalers 

Dairy products distributors 

Flour distributors 

Frosted, frozen food distributors 

Soft drink distributors 

Other grocery specialty wholesalers 

Farm products (edible) distributors: 

Poultry, poultry products distributors 

Fresh fruit, vegetable wholesalers 

Beer, wine, distilled spirits wholesalers: 

Beer, ale distributors 

Wine, distilled spirits wholesalers 

Tobacco distributors 

Drugs, chemicals, allied products wholesalers: 

General- line drug wholesalers 

Specialty-line drug, toiletries wholesalers 
Industrial chemicals, explosives distribu- 
tors 

Paint, varnish wholesalers 

F^int wholesalers (with glass, wallpaper ) 
, Paint wholesalers (without glass, 

wallpaper ) 

Dry goods, apparel wholesalers: 
Clothing, furnishings, footwear 

wholesalers 

General-line clothing, furnishings 

wholesalers 

Men's, boys' clothing, furnishings 

wholesalers 

Women's, children's clothing, furnish- 
ings wholesalers 

Purs (dressed), fur clothing wholesalers 
Millinery, millinery supply distributors 

Shoe, footwear wholesalers 

Work clothing wholesalers 

General-line dry goods wholesalers 

Specialty-line dry goods wholesalers 

Hosiery wholesalers 

Underwear wholesalers 

Notions wholesalers 

Piece goods wholesalers 

Other specialty-line dry goods wholeaalerB 

Piece goods converters 

Pumlture, home furnishings wholesalers: 

Pumlture (household, office) wholesalers.. 

Household furniture wholesalera 

Office furniture distributors 

Home fumlshljlgs, floor coverings 

wholesalers 

China, glassware, crockery wholesalers. . 
Curtain, drapery wholesalera 

See footnotes at end of table . 



165,153 
22,590 

29,189 
22,131 
13,255 



3,320 
574 
193 
291 

2,262 

1,909 



4,357 

9,221 
438 
800 
928 
488 

2,231 

170 

610 

1,142 

2,364 



2,660 
6,520 



5,791 
1,518 



2,858 



392 
2,409 



1,158 
503 



4,252 
797 



324 
353 
583 
135 

U2 

4,188 

471 

164 

770 

1,663 

1,120 

817 



1,976 

1,058 

918 



2,839 
538 

161 



101,100,941 
69,533,784 

16,038,372 
39,250,509 
9,050,816 



101,100,941 

7,353,560 
2,463,756 
1,298,175 
139,950 
3,451,679 

527,446 

653,698 

2,866,193 

5,919,993 
215,414 
160,478 
621,222 

1,606,380 

1,340,279 
108,303 
455,882 
165 ,965 

1,246,070 



1,475,195 
3,261,739 



2,311,181 
3,375,753 



3,208,929 



1,273,114 
900,618 



923 ,242 



272,891 
120,447 



1,826,611 

2%, 157 

384,769 

566,298 

94,317 
81,953 
353,979 
49,138 

393,580 

1,965,499 
260,192 
71,420 
198,449 
975,319 
460,119 

1,503,962 

.697,825 
463,630 
234,195 



1,384,650 
172,206 
68,874 



57,448 
8,972 

452 

10,747 

315 



440 
70 
34 
39 

297 



1,653 

2,983 
ISO 
183 
376 
267 

618" 

87 
157 
271 
844 



729 
2,128 



570 
436 



97 
1,094 



451 
169 



3,185 
493 
557 

1,066 

303 
303 
392 

71 

41 

3,392 
331 
132 
648 

1,466 
815 

768 



927 
582 
345 



1,752 
364 
122 



44,826,558 
43,419,923 

1,995,836 

21,671,550 

712,238 



44,826,558 

1,466,299 
515,919 
321,979 
24,528 
603,873 

164,619 



1,616,635 

3,649,591 

121,790 

52,706 

326,863 

1,525,824 

"630, OOT 

65 ,816 

180,878 

62,787 

682,926 



. 673,159 
1,318,796 



369,397 
1,486,240 



466,773 
518,276 



136,762 
52 ,028 



84,734 



1,383,513 

183,194 

299,042 

476,199 

90,377 
74,855 
238,690 
21,156 

224,447 

1,665,251 
193,002 
57,037 
171,922 
865,852 
377,438 

1,442,873 



394 ,605 
275,066 
119,539 



898,309 
134,647 
57,438 



33,804 
7,320 

1,068 

4,695 

394 



524 
113 
53 



363 

264 

759 

1,496 
105 
133 

190 



151 
111 
445 



349 
1,533 



586 
417 



155 
543 



330 
UO 



576 
139 
104 
157 



33 

58 

360 
63 
18 
56 
106 
117 



467 
215 
252 



554 
58 



24,169,417 
17,225,046 

2,413,391 

7,569,544 

832,955 



24,169,417 

1,708,002 
682,329 
353,268 
29,246 
643,159 

118,980 

121,736 

493,774 

739,946 
48,605 
28,642 
92,913 
^1,327 

178,307 
17,174 

123,970 
22,071 

196,937 



205,080 
793,005 



493,284 
1,056,812 



835,622 



488,117 
179,378 



71,309 
34,833 



245,220 

59,862 

45,634 

64,519 

1,919 
5,678 
52,186 
15,422 

123 ,655 

123,153 
38,538 
3,421 
13,138 
38,127 
29,929 

34,162 



146,422 
82,928 
63,494 



318,147 
12,691 
9,016 



25,960 
3,611 



2,410 
1,886 

547 



25 ,960 

722 
166 
51 
80 
425 

423 

240 



150 
U2 



287 
24 
131 
174 
360 



289 
1,057 



1,296 
333 



101 
341 



239 
134 



192 
24 
10 
28 
45 
85 



296 
117 
179 



246 
53 



13,696,224 
4,451,471 

2,588',588 

3,217,661 

808,128 



13,696,224 

1,583,356 

653,595 

170,288 

36,828 

722,645 

101,706 

72,290 



471,927 
24,785 
29,539 
64,919 
16,623 

109,927 
13,329 
71,401 
25,647 

115,757 



124,156 
463,307 



568,403 
542,913 



235,775 
81,623 



44,202 
25,442 

18,760 



96,941 

35,657 

19,331 

9,949 

1,091 

404 

25 ,886 

4,623 

42,882 

102,211 
14,901 
2,627 
5,654 
52,582 
26,447 

22,711 



85,259 
55,410 
29,849 



77,814 

8,609 

331 



23,107 
1,589 

6,381 
1,695 
1,713 



23,107 

1,041 
160 
24 
102 

755 

424 
172 
520 



160 
115 
42 

399 
13 
92 

281 

302 



363 
929 



1,935 
186 



233 

186 



2 

5 

28 

11 

3 

126 



8,944,807 
2,135,791 

3,019,622 
2,638,741 
1,453,457 



8,944,807 

1,466,955 

412,318 

30,555 

39,750 

984,332 

88,097 



182 ,439 

470,204 
13.900 
23,934 
66,211 
20,588 

157,455"^ 

5,245 

41,322 

29,541 

112,008 



116,308 
405, U5 



545,058 
155,120 



33,430 
70,912 



53,709 



10,946 
6,002 



50,007 

12,328 

5,544 

11,240 

(D) 

(D) 

15,864 

3,992 

(D) 

41,118 

9,135 

(D) 

(D) 

11,216 

15,789 

(D) 



43 ,073 
27,U1 
15,632 



29,955 

12,306 

405 



24,834 
1,098 

18,378 
3,108 
10,286 



31 
27 

470 



783 

1,897 
34 
174 
115 
29 

729 
19 
79 
305 
413 



930 
873 



1,404 
U6 



198 
285 



118 
17 



9,463,935 

2,301,553 

6,020,935 
4,153,013 
5,244,038 



9,463,935 

1,128,948 

199,595 

422,085 

9,598 

497,670 

54,044 

96,941 

257,658 

588,325 
6,334 
25,657 
70,316 
12.018 

264, 51» 
6,739 
38,311 
25,919 

138,442 



356 ,492 
281,4% 



335,039 
134,668 



49,019 
50,429 



86,637 



9,672 
2,U2 



50,930 
5,116 

15,218 

4,391 

(D) 

(D) 

21,353 

3,945 

(D) 

33,766 
4,616 
(D) 
(D) 
7,542 
10,516 

(D) 

23,466 
22,785 
5,681 



60,425 
3,953 
1,684 



UNITED STATES SUMMARY 



1-71 



Table IL. WHOLESALE TRADE: 1954— UNITED STATES BY CITY SIZE, TYPE OF OPERATION, AND KIND OF BUSINESS— Continued 

Establishments and Sales 



Type of operation ana 
kind of business 



United States 



EsUb- 

llsh- 

ments 



Sales 

($1,000) 



lierchant vfaolesalers— Continued 

Furniture, home furnishings wholesalers— Con . 
Home furnishings, floor coverings 
wholesalers— Continued 

domestic wholesalers 

Floor covering wholesalers 

Other heme furnishings, specialties 
wholesalers 

Paper, allied products wholesalers; 

Coarse paper and products wholesalers 

Printing and fine paper distributors 

Stationerj-, office supplies wholesalers 

Wallpaper wholesalers 

Farm products (raw materials) merchants: 

Cotton merchants 

Grain merchants 

Hide, skin, raw fur wholesalers 

Livestock (except horses, mules) 

distributors 

Leaf tobacco dealers 

Raw wool, wool tops, nohair dealers 

Other farm products (raw materials) 

distributors 

Automotive wholesalers : 

Motor vehicle distributors 

New, used auto distributors 

Truck and tractor (road type) dealers... 

Automotive equipment, tire, tube 

wholesalers 

Automotive parts, accessories jobbers.. 
Garage equipment, tools distributors .... 
Tire, tube \rtiolesalers 

Electrical, electronics, appliance 
distributors : 

Electrical apparatus supplies distributors. 
General-line electrical goods 

distributors 

Wiring supplies distributors 

Electrical apparatus, equipment 
distributors 

Electrical appliance, radio, TV set 
wholesalers 

Electronic parts, equipment distributors — 

Hardware^ plumbing-heating goods wholesalers : 

Hardware wholesalers 

General-line hardware wholesalers 

Specialty- line hardware wholesalers 

Plumbing, heating equipment, supplies 
distributors 

General-line plumbing-heating goods 

distributors 

Heating equipment distributors 

Plumbing fixtures, supplies distributors 

Lumber, construction materials distributors : 

liimber, millwork wholesalers 

Lumber wholesalers (without yards^ 

lumber distributors (with yards) 

Millwork, plywood distributors 

Construction materials distributors 

Brick, tile distributors 

Cement, lime, plaster wholesalers 

Glass (building) distributors 

Heady-mixed concrete distributors 

Hoofing, siding, insulation material 

distributors 

Sand, gravel, crushed stone distributors 
Other construction materials distributors 

Ifechinery, equipment, supplies distributo rs: 
Air conditioning, commercial refrigeration 

equipment distributors 

Osfliaercial machines, equipment distributors 
Office machines, equipment distributors. 
Restaurant, hotel supply houses 

(principally nonfood ) 

Store cachines, fixtures distributors... 
Other connercial machines, equipment 
distributors 

Construction machinery, equipment dealers . . 
Fans-garden machinery, equipment 
irtulesalers 

Garden machinery, equipment wholesalers. 
Farm, dairy machinery, equipment 
(including tractors) wholesalers 



237 

773 



2,i35 
865 

1,564 
193 



581 
975 
577 

669 
234 
282 



1,563 
897 
666 



13,977 

12,563 

207 

1,207 



559 
1,989 



2,065 
1,899 



2,137 

606 

1,531 



4,046 

1,703 

905 

1,433 



4,304 
1,678 
1,124 
1,502 

6,010 
492 
133 
574 

1,996 

697 

597 

1,471 



1,860 
3,219 
1,421 

571 
1,087 

lAO 

1,640 

1,112 
233 



126,769 
600,763 



416,038 



1,297,650 

1,248,002 

369,772 

45,625 



2,610,108 

3,939,704 

428,489 

888,292 
304,224 



757,335 
491,732 
265,603 



3,220,178 

2,834,453 

55,731 

329,994 



2,910,458 



1,567,994 
1,105,922 



2,814,584 
6L2,676 



2,067,923 

1,623,987 

443,936 



2,329,788 

1,112,178 
301,516 
916,094 



3,305,942 
1,621,685 
1,094,403 
1,089,849 

2,780,265 

242,766 

75,985 

251,273 

998,370 

447,723 
105,039 
659,109 



484,070 
660,125 
186,631 

159,253 
276,953 

37,288 

1,401,359 

534,379 
78,736 



Cities with population of — 



500,000 or more 



Estab- 
lish- 
ments 

(Number) 



Sales 
($1,000) 



193 
428 



1,131 
507 
758 
107 



65 
157 
353 



276 
163 
113 



2,652 

2,308 

79 

265 



1,098 



102 
708 



672 
679 



865 
163 
702 



401 
287 
473 



979 
304 
271 
404 

1,120 
179 
52 
175 
126 



133 



498 

1,055 

391 

179 
435 

50 

330 

153 
53 



100,000 to 499,999 



Estab- 
lish- 
ments 

(Number) 



107,364 
359,125 



565,381 
952,277 
211,906 
30,706 



461,433 

1,919,136 

292,025 

U9,522 

33,603 
421,841 



192,029 
141,252 

50,777 



879,368 

759,405 

21,545 

98,418 



1,081,951 



516,153 
447,353 



113,445 



1,260,458 
256,864 



722,373 
532,796 
190,082 



716 ,787 

289,705 
111,114 
315,963 



1,076,745 
374,792 
323,504 
378,449 

795,443 
109,979 
27,747 
118,191 
207,116 

L23,270 
18,902 
190,243 



173,709 
310,423 
91,384 

61,400 
136,636 

21,008 

276,828 

96,192 
25,250 

70,942 



229 
223 



509 
204 
345 



172 
136 
57 



373 
188 

190 



2,746 
2,411 



241 
473 



796 
464 



491 
167 
324 



393 
278 
352 



1,009 
420 
209 
380 

1,104 
116 
27 
153 
184 

137 
54 

333 



620 
946 
362 

190 

348 



240 
59 



Sales 
($1,000) 



Estab- 
lish- 
ments 

(Number) 



10,555 
182,605 



103,280 



373,524 

209,857 

71,467 

10,305 



1,346,141 

961,030 

54,685 

278,787 
102,155 
11,509 



224,599 
123,847 
95,752 



846,281 
744,432 
20,041 
81,808 



1,098,250 



717,200 
325,334 



55,716 



1,022,467 
164,405 



700,151 
601,216 
98,935 



682,439 

308,715 
97,646 
276,078 



1,276,164 
655,051 
266,452 
354,661 

685 ,277 
53,051 
14,523 
83,986 

203,737 

122,873 
12,760 

189,347 



182,918 
213,437 
43,706 

62,210 
96,828 

10,743 

437,867 

164,038 
30,540 



25,000 to 99,999 



Sales 
($1,000) 



471 
91 

215 
17 



320 
169 
151 



2,582 

2,299 

25 

258 



181 
462 



356 
465 



355 
160 
195 



434 
175 
294 



619 
213 
157 
249 

995 
77 
34 
128 
318 

150 
46 
242 



421 
707 
359 

144 
183 

21 

239 

166 
31 



5,000 to 24,999 



Estab- 
lish- 
ments 



3,904 
31,903 



33,067 



240,959 

36,248 

41,611 

1,985 



292,391 

407,464 

33,695 

84,313 
72,973 
22,664 



U4,161 
77,966 
56,195 



612,628 

536,138 

4,877 

71,613 



539,751 



282,207 
230,181 



27,363 



317,030 
111,165 



384,894 
316,965 
67,929 



568,072 

315,226 
57,743 
195,103 



594,042 
201,302 
232,338 
160,402 

476,9U 
35,368 
15,676 
29,836 

176,258 

109,112 
6,313 

104,351 



76,932 
86,905 
33,008 

27,922 
23,596 

2,379 

263,588 

81,189 
4,655 

76,534 



197 

32 

175 

6 



119 
104 



242 
142 

100 



3,638 

3,406 

19 

213 



22 
233 



128 

177 



229 
73 
151 



266 
72 
184 



531 
208 
151 
172 



29 
90 
585 

87 
107 
201 



192 
369 
244 



13 
209 



203 
34 



Sales 

($1,000) 



1,222 

7,475 



66,665 

26,796 

33,256 

1,910 



291,997 
214,056 
22,985 

91,408 
63,561 
4,630 



85,197 
51,721 
33,476 



594,563 

544,217 

4,562 

45,784 



116,125 



21,500 
72,372 



64,697 
33,514 



154,527 
109,105 
45,422 



214,119 

114,703 
13,148 
31,263 



303,965 
129,946 
89,541 
84,478 

361,250 
17,556 
7,505 
12,685 

187,244 

46,215 
21,315 

63,730 



26,779 
34,418 
15,646 

3,763 
12,833 

2,176 

136,8U 

60,266 
6,666 



Remainder of 
United States 



Estab- 
lish- 
ments 



127 
31 
71 
10 



146 

486 

72 

350 
62 
24 



347 
235 
U2 



2.139 

18 

202 



113 

114 



197 
38 
159 



209 
93 
135 



,166 

533 
336 
297 



28 

783 



344 
286 



129 
142 



Sales 

($1,000) 



3,724 
19,655 



51,121 

20,324 

11,532 

719 



218,141 

487,968 

20,099 

294,257 
31,932 
20,880 

89,007 



121,349 
91,946 
29,403 



287,333 

250,261 

4,706 

32,371 



74,381 



30,934 
30,682 



12,765 



149,932 
46,728 



105,473 
63,905 
41,568 



83,829 
16,865 

47,677 



555 ,026 
260,594 
182,573 
111,859 

461,376 
21,812 
10,534 
6,575 

224,015 

46,253 
45,749 
106,433 



23,732 
14,887 
2,887 

3,958 
7,060 

982 

286,263 

132,694 
11,625 



1-72 



WHOLESALE TRADE-SUMMARY STATISTICS 



Table 1 L. WHOLESALE TRADE: 1954— UNITED STATES BY CITY SIZE, TYPE OF OPERATION, AND KLND OF BUSINESS— Continued 

Establishments and Sales 



Type of operation and 
icind of business 



United States 



Estab- 
lish- 
ments 



Sales 
($1,CXXI) 



Estab- 
lish- 
ments 

(Number) 



Cities with population of — 



500,000 or more 



C*1,000) 



100,000 to 499,999 



Estab- 
lish- 
ments 



Sales 
($1,000) 



25,000 to 99,999 



Estab- 
lish- 
ments 



($1,000) 



5,000 to 24,999 



Estab- 
lish- 
ments 



($1,000) 



Remainder of 
United States 



Estab- 
lish- 
ments 



Sales 
($1,000) 



Merchant wholesalers— Continued 

luachinery, equipment supplies distribu- 
tors — Continued 
Industrial machinery, equipment distributors 
Food processing machinery, equipment 

distributors 

General purpose industrial machinery, 

equipment distributors 

Uetal working machinery, equipment 

dealers ■ 

Oil well supply bouses. 

Print ing machinery, equipment distributors. 

Used machinery dealers 

Other industrial machinery, equipment 
distributors — .......... 

Industrial materials, supplies distributors. 
Abrasives, abrasive materials distributors, 
tfecbanical power transmission equipment 

distributors 

Mechanical rubber goods distributors 

Rope, cordage distributors.... 

Valves, fittings (except plumbing) 

distributors 

Reconditioned drum, barrel distributors.. 
Other industrial materials, supplies 

distributors 

Professional equipment, supplies 

distributors 

Dental supply houses 

Religious supply houses 

School supply houses 

Surgical, medical, hospital supply 

houses 

Optical goods wholesalers 

Other professional supplies distributors. 

Service establishment supplj^ houses 

Beauty, barber supply houses 

Janitors ' supply houses 

Laundry, dry cleaning supply houses 

Shoe service wholesalers 

Undertakers ' supply houses 

l^holsterers ' supply houses 

Welders' supply houses 

Other service establishment supply houses 



Transportation equipment distributors 

Aircraft, aeronautical equipment, parts 

distributors 

Marine machinery, equipment distributors. 

Railroad equipment distributors 

Other transportation equipment distributors 

Metals, metalwork (except scrap) distributors: 

Iron, steel and products distributors 

Nonf errous metals distributors 



Scrap, waste materials dealers: 

Iron, steel scrap dealers 

Iron, steel scrap dealers (with 
processing preparation equipment).. 
Iron, steel scrap dealers (without 
processing, preparation equipment). 



Waste materials dealers 

Nonf errous metalic scrap dealers. 

Waste paper dealers 

Wiping cloths dealers 

Bags, textile waste dealers 

Other waste materials dealers.... 



Other merchant wholesalers: 

Amusement, sporting goods distributors 

Cameras, photographic supplies distributors 

Sporting goods wholesalers 

Toys , games , fireworks wholesalers 

Other recreation goods wholesalers 



Book, magazine, newspaper wholesalere. 



Coal wholesalers 

Coal wholesalers (without yard or dock 
stocks ) 

Coal wholesalers (with coal yard) 

Farm supplies wholesalers 

Feed wholesalers 

Fertilizer, agricultural chemical 
distributors 

Seed wholesalers 

Other farm supplies wholesalers 



5,746 

367 

1,379 

914 
1,208 

210 
245 



4,393 

Wl 

335 

280 
117 

214 
372 



2,912 
502 
134 
255 



742 
479 

5,264 
898 
843 
441 
485 
137 
262 
1,000 
1,198 

1,004 

450 

400 

84 

70 



2,693 
542 



3,719 



1,517 

4,470 

1,518 

1,124 

229 

784 

815 



2,514 
484 
579 
805 
646 

1,919 

700 

496 

204 

2,347 

1,067 



Jewelry wholesalers 

General-line Jewelry wholesalers. 

Clocks, watches wholesalers 

Costume jewelry wholesalers 

Precious stones distributors 



2,618,986 

163,405 

498,625 

484,490 
914,479 

64,820 
31,272 



2,009,740 
77,400 

113,349 
100,031 
94,120 

139,320 
65,360 

1,420,160 



853,153 
124,125 
31,582 
96,321 

321,489 
126,966 
152,670 

.,101,992 
140,561 
126 ,780 
146,607 
101,579 
U,443 
92,670 
198,100 
281,252 

376,043 

169,782 
126,573 
60,046 
19,647 



2,174,276 
1,138,309 



1,213,140 



411,788 

1,192,450 
500,822 
218,239 
48,395 
250,528 
174,466 



952,711 
233,116 
233 ,998 
277,626 
207,971 

697,206 

794,189 

568,163 

226,026 

1,574,642 

766,302 



507 


280,597 


641 


474,148 


132 


53,595 


,741 


825,459 


234 


143,549 


355 


124,380 


513 


132,621 


498 


202,608 



2,051 

119 

533 

491 
82 

145 
105 

586 

1,820 



98 
146 
83 

85 

164 



1,223 
217 



338 
282 
214 

1,995 
290 
266 
205 
231 
37 
163 
191 
612 



131 

174 



,180 
327 



389 

1,387 
476 
545 
122 
445 
299 



1,209 
259 
204 
428 
318 

478 



1% 
62 
294 
117 



33 

2,098 
150 
301 
379 
449 



955,347 

72,758 

219,183 

271,771 
121,599 

49,226 
13,591 



902,779 
35,982 

4A,747 
58,500 
78,947 

56,035 
29,479 



404,883 
56,826 

17,668 
26,651 

153,996 
54,688 
85,054 

548,454 
56,559 
52,455 
77,897 
60,032 
4,166 
66,263 
58,344 

172,733 

171,104 

51,002 
57,103 
54,531 
8,468 



1,158,153 
1,002,624 



550,712 

272,186 

278,526 

598,173 
210,063 
U3,462 
28,905 
123,060 
102,683 



594,889 
161,854 
132,541 
171,850 
128,634 

296,403 

507,441 

377,771 
129,670 
443,846 
248,879 

87,278 

98,118 

9,571 

687,008 
106,651 
109,309 
107,991 
185,047 



230 

154 



1,224 
23 



125 
67 



110 
818 



853 
172 
23 



231 
212 

155 

1,532 
322 
285 
152 

138 
26 
67 

231 
311 



100 
10 
19 



568 
109 



605 
374 



928 
324 
241 
56 
134 
173 



511 
118 
149 
189 
155 



100 
37 
313 
124 



108 
16 



526,095 

39,491 

141,934 

103,659 
141,301 

11,591 
8,864 



550,893 
14,233 

42,337 
24,418 
11, U2 

50,587 
20,358 

387,818 



255,136 

48,728 

7,092 

27,811 

90,608 
46,186 
34,711 

306,304 
52,922 
37,890 
49,500 
26,632 
3,410 
19,407 
51,556 
64,387 

95,836 

48,908 
39,405 

2,(K7 
5,476 



456,802 
96,923 



594 

58 

173 

81 
158 

14 
24 



637 
18 



152 
146 



972 
213 
160 



20 
284 
123 



273, 


939 


664 


226, 


465 


448 


47 


474 


216 


301 


615 


719 


151 


510 


279 


47 


012 


179 


11 


906 


26 


59,968 


117 


31 


219 


118 


209 


626 


291 


48 


312 


50 


51 


717 


83 


66 


794 


83 


42 


803 


75 


163 


851 


527 


111 


658 


79 


92 


585 


51 


19 


073 


28 


300 


108 


304 


129 


,229 


127 


66 


,885 


74 


101 


,916 


93 


2 


,078 


10 


116 


,194 


105 


32 


,721 


7 


13 


,516 


13 


21 


,315 


19 


15 


,203 


11 



372,277 

27,634 

55,001 

42,910 
154,559 

3^150 
3,237 



270,211 
15,758 

19,474 
8,183 
1,146 

16,981 
6,966 

201,703 



123,393 

16,547 

1,415 

25,006 

44,774 
18,620 
17,031 

135,986 
25,500 
18,602 
11,715 
11,285 
2,303 
3,363 
46,527 
16,591 

43,586 

28 ,308 

11,119 

(D) 

(D) 



217,079 
21,435 



182,530 



47,330 

U9,i76 
71,119 
18,364 
3,348 
33,420 
22,825 



63,644 
9,364 
17,028 
18,639 
18,113 

U2,918 

90,241 

38,599 

51,642 

242,714 

130,312 

48,942 
58,053 
5,407 

14 , 192 
2,739 
1,029 
1,985 
1,481 



790 
50 
107 

40 

417 

4 
17 

155 

337 
11 



87 
26 

436 
52 
75 
11 
16 
21 



251 
35 



820 
535 
285 

466 

257 
75 



163 
31 



47 

33 

446 

209 



126 
23 



330,094 

12,590 

23,053 

7,456 
235,558 

222 

847 

45,368 

105,895 

(D) 

4,475 

2,595 

(D) 

8,436 
2,167 



33,551 
1,117 
4,332 
6,054 

11,883 
6,377 
3,283 

57,543 
4,001 

12,896 

1,362 

2,960 

1,779 

333 

23,929 

10,283 

23,A22 

18,205 
6,854 
1,779 
1,534 



116,269 
34,522 



21,640 

74 ,039 
38,940 
5,672 
1,122 
19,866 
8,439 



40,415 
7,899 

12,777 
8,554 

11,185 

64,794 

34,767 

20,268 
14 ,499 
198,031 
35,301 

24,200 
77,089 
11,441 

4,673 
735 
(D) 
253 
(D) 



912 

44 

164 

82 
397 

6 
36 

183 

375 



128 



35 
13 
27 

329 
21 



108 
31 



331 
38 



470 
182 
34 



240 
25 
84 
52 
68 



102 
U 
990 
490 

207 

243 

50 



385,173 

10,932 

54,454 

58,694 
211,452 

631 

4,733 



178,962 
133 

2,316 
6,335 
1,641 

7,281 
6,390 



36,190 
907 
575 

10,799 

10,223 
1,095 
12,591 

53,705 
1,579 
4,937 
6,133 
670 
2,785 
3,304 
17,644 
16,653 

37,000 

23,359 
12,092 

674 
375 



225,973 
32,805 



16,818 

69,047 
29,190 
U,729 

2,614 
14,214 

9,300 



44,137 
5,177 
19,935 
11,789 
7,236 

39,240 

50,032 

38,940 
11,142 
389,943 
172,581 

53 ,292 

138,972 
25,098 

3,392 
703 
139 

1,077 



See footnotes at end of table. 



UNITED STATES SUMMARY 



1-73 



Table 1 L. WHOLESALE TRADE: 1954— UNITED STATES BY CITY SIZE, TYPE OF DERATION, AND KIND OF BUSINESS— Continued 
Establishments and Sales 



Type of operation and 
kind of business 



Iferchant wholesalers^Continued 

Other merchant wholesalers — Continued 
Jewelry wholesalers — Continued 
latch materials, jewelers' tools 

distributors 

Other Jewelry wholesalers 

Petroleum products distributors 

Gift, art goods, greeting card wholesalers. 

Gift, art goods wholesalers 

Greeting card distributors 

Flower, bulb, plant wholesalers 

Flower (cut), potted plant wholesalers.. 
Bulb, plant distributors 

Uiscellaneous products merchant wholesalers 
Forest products (except lumber) 

distributors > 

General merchandise distributors 

Leather goods wholesalers 

lAlsical instrument, sheet music 

wholesalers 

Industrial yarns wholesalers 

Bags, bagging, burlap (textiles) 

distributors 

Food, beverage basic material 

distributors 

All other merchant wholesalers 

Ibnuf acturers ' sales branches, sales offices.. 

Sales branches (with stocks) 

Sales offices (without stocks) 

Food and kindred products 

Textile mill products 

Apparel and related products 

Furniture and fixtures 

Paper and allied products 

Chemicals and allied products 

Rubber products 

Leather and leather products 

Stone, clay, and glass products 

Primary metal products 

Fabricated metal products 

Uachinery (except electrical ) 

Electrical machinery 

Transportation equipment 

Instru me nts and related products 

Other manufacturers ' products^ 

Petroleum bulk plants, terminals & U gas 
facilities 

Gasoline, distillates, residuals 

Bulk plants 

Dls tributing terminals 

Wholesale LP gas facilities 

Iferchandise agents , brokers 

Grocery, confectionery, meats 

Farm products (edible) 

Dairy, poultry products 

Fruits, vegetables 

Drugs, chemicals, paints 

^jparel ( including footwear ) 

Dry goods, piece goods 

Furniture, home furnishings 

Paper, allied products 

Farm products (raw materials) 

Cotton. 

(k-ala 

Hides , skills , raw furs 

See footnotes at end of table. 



United States 



Estab- 
lish- 
ments 

(Number) 



172 
969 

2,260 

983 
735 
2il8 

966 
851 
115 



669 
594 
454 

509 
222 



325 
544 

;i,590 
14,759 
7,831 



431 

233 

286 

455 

2,190 

525 

101 

942 

1,164 

1,057 

5,327 

1,509 

963 

1,047 

1,822 

29,189 

28,319 

27,078 

1,241 

870 

22,131 
2,949 

1,107 
2M 
893 

516 

1,205 

81S 

337 

403 

3,566 
254 
230 
137 



Sales 
($1,000) 



30j719 
191,582 



190,307 
U0,2U 
50,094 

222,942 
193,270 
29,672 

3,031,252 

290,371 
814,291 
135,579 

192,142 
191,250 



530,630 
637,417 

69,533,784 
36,811,238 
32,722,546 

11,746,914 

1,809,931 

735,931 

266,271 

2,097,564 

8,889,311 

1,602,956 

412,553 

2,606,649 

10,989,279 

2,855,046 

5,998,901 

5,021,744 

9,247,560 

1,025,952 

4,227,222 

16,038,372 

15,803,838 

10,027,135 

5,781,703 

229,534 

39,250,509 
7,621,093 

2,107,445 

516,210 

1,591,235 

522,701 

2,076,128 

3,233,165 

571,713 

469,942 

11,495,721 

1,020,618 

1,129,086 

258,403 



Cities with population of— 



500,000 or more 



Estab- 
lish- 
ments 



109 
710 



595 
457 
138 

303 
266 

37 



104 
344 
296 

339 

161 



161 
342 

8,972 
5,100 
3,872 

375 

330 

211 

151 

283 

972 

262 

69 

441 

673 

570 

1,740 

752 

351 

402 

390 

452 

438 

324 

114 

14 

10,747 
1,353 

540 
101 
439 

331 

1,015 

675 

550 

263 

483 
37 
90 

115 



Sales 
(»1,000) 



24,177 
153,833 



134,281 
102,136 
32,145 

102,442 
86,380 
16,062 

2,241,869 

138,143 
553,722 
105,818 

152,543 
130,644 

159,054 

450,584 
546,356 

43,419,923 
21,454,694 
21,955,229 

6,053,913 

1,564,174 

625,301 

138,204 

1,543,116 

5,928,124 

761,218 

307,017 

1,698,069 

8,553,797 

1,888,653 

3,014,951 

2,994,317 

5,098,047 

637,345 

2,613,677 



100,000 to 499,999 



EsUb- 
lish- 
ments 



51 
171 



175 
116 
59 

245 
224 
21 



104 
30 



50 
109 

7,320 
5,054 
2,266 

1,200 

70 

36 

94 

99 

743 

208 

15 

276 

370 

302 

2,012 

545 

399 

334 

617 



Sales 
($1,000) 



1,995,836 1,068 

1,980,427 1,015 

858,446 786 

1,121,981 2X 

15,409 

21,671,550 
4,945,140 

1,399,649 

383,233 

1,016,361 

400,185 
1,946,232 
2,977,568 

396,049 

359,246 

2,354,299 

135,655 
647,279 
224,074 



4,695 
957 

207 
29 
173 

93 

103 



436 
81 
61 
9 



5,591 
27,343 



30,133 
21,013 
9,120 

61,1J3 
55,812 
5,326 



44,035 
U3,366 
16,052 

22,903 
33,124 



50,426 
42,233 

17,225,046 
9,791,536 
7,433,460 

3,252,265 

193,935 

54,872 

99,495 

222,743 

2,265,314 

665,662 

21,433 

652,224 

1,754,933 

612,881 

1,765,267 

1,327,956 

3,034,261 

269, 364 

1,017,426 

2,413,391 

2,383,234 

1,047,634 

1,335,600 

30,157 

7,569,544 
1,769,319 

368,941 
67,873 
301,068 

81,791 

75,126 

164,099 

85,863 

80,027 

2,793,927 

466,957 

313,004 

15,852 



25,000 to 99,999 



Estab- 
lish- 
ments 

(Number) 



119 

111 



320 
31 



3,611 

2,713 

898 

1,189 



273 

29, 

6 

138 

69 

104 

1,035 

127 

116 

215 

175 

2,410 

2,339 

2,142 

197 

71 

1,886 
356 

32 
16 
66 

33 

34 

21 

51 

32 

342 
53 
36 



Sales 

(*1,000) 



446 
6,512 



9,698 
5,322 
3,376 

17,490 

16,732 

753 



14,719 
33,243 

8,951 

7,440 
3,433 

15,561 

6,477 
19,931 

4,451,471 
2,836,651 
1,614,820 

1,374,148 

(D) 

26,418 

12,947 
120,242 
248,858 

34,410 
(D) 
143,113 
246,931 
135,484 
692,565 
362, 176 
594,007 

49,065 
316,215 

2,588,583 

2,554,411 

1,614,841 

949, 570 

24,177 

3,217,661 
596,105 

85,254 
16,043 
70,211 

16,482 

19,869 

35,721 

31,861 

13,515 

1,672,077 
202,602 
114,424 
12,317 



5,n00 to 24,999 



Estab- 
lish- 
ments 



101 
40 



15 

40 

37 
54 

1,589 

1,158 

431 

312 

7 
16 



24 
110 
7 
10 
32 
26 
39 
296 



6,381 

6,676 

6,500 

176 

205 

1,695 
141 



610 

63 

25 

3 



($1,000) 



Estab- 
lish- 
ments 

(Number) 



(D) 
2,350 



8,745 
4,573 
4,172 

13,175 
11,180 
1,995 

130,354 

33,408 
31,480 
4,105 

4,369 
18,273 

9,313 

16,052 
13,354 

2,135,791 

1,257,312 

868,479 

605,018 

(D) 

20,659 

11,588 
100,219 
164,004 

23,689 
(D) 

53,800 
332,911 

99,141 
280,643 

27,351 
220,071 

27,565 
120,693 

3,019,622 

2,977,368 

2,408,659 

568,709 

42,254 

2,638,741 
151,751 

130,857 
22,911 
107,946 

7,424 
15,792 
24,413 
38,236 

6,559 

1,517,410 
190,700 
33,649 
3,326 I 



Remainder of 
United States 



22 

679 



212 

174 
38 



364 
51 
9 



1,098 
734 
364 



194 
53 



18,373 

17,850 

17,326 

524 

528 

3,108 
142 

152 
51 
111 



53 

24 

1,695 
20 
18 



($1,000) 



(D) 
1,039 



7,450 
5,169 
1,281 

23,597 

23,166 

5,531 

157,952 

60,561 

52,430 

653 

4,337 
725 



7,091 
15,543 

2,301,553 

1,450,995 

850, 553 

461,570 

(D) 

8,631 

4,037 

111,239 

283,011 

67,977 

m 

59,443 
90,702 
118,887 
245,474 
309,944 
301,174 
42,613 
159,211 

6,020,935 

5,903,398 

4,097,555 

1,805,843 

117, 537 

4,153,013 
153,767 

121,744 
26,095 
95,649 

16,819 

19,109 

31,364 

19,704 

10,594 

3,048,008 
24,704 
20,730 
2,834 



1-74 



WHOLESALE TRADE-SUMMARY STATISTICS 



Table 1 L. WHOLESALE TRADE: 1954— UNITED STATES BY CITY SIZE, TYPE OF OPERATION, AND KIND OF BUSINESS— Continued 

Establishments and Sales 



TVpe of operation and 
kind of business 



ISiited States 



Estab- 
lish- 
ments 

(Number) 



($1,000) 



Cities with population of- 



500,000 or more 



Estab- 
lish- 
ments 

(Number) 



100,000 to i99,999 



Estab- 
lish- 
ments 

(Number) 



($1,000) 



25,000 to 99.999 



Estab- 
lish- 
ments 

(Number) 



($1,000) 



5,000 to 2<i,999 



Estab- 
lish- 
ments 

(Number) 



($1,000) 



Remainder of 
United State? 



Estab- 
lish- 
ments 

(Number) 



($1,000) 



Merchandise agents, brokers — Continued 

Farm products (raw materials) — Continued 

Livestock 

Tobacco ( leaf ) 

Wool, mohair 

Miscellaneous inedible farm products . . . 



^toiQ^tive. 



Electrical-electronic apparatus, equipment, 
appliances 



Hardware, plumbing-heating goods.. 
Lumber, construction materials — . 
Ifechinery, equipment, supplies — . 
Ifetals, metalwork (except scrap).. 
Other merchandise agents, brokers, 
dissemblers of farm products 



Dairy, poultry products 

Fresh fruits, vegetables 

Farm products (raw materials).. 

Farm supplies 

Other farm products assemblers. 



!,223 
552 

52 



.,527 
,049 

903 
1,174 

661 

:,768 

1,255 

:,087 

,993 

1,669 

495 



',558,447 
,045, 5X 
315,643 
167,994 

925,266 



,383,138 
606,339 
855,451 

1,169,550 
940,802 

.,272,055 

1,050,816 

.,392,362 

,287,674 

), 171,994 

194,713 

4,073 



117 
10 
89 
25 

341 



799 
518 

301 
1,593 

395 
1,585 

315 

58 
170 
84 



992,259 
13,572 

285,541 
65,919 

584,817 



771,569 
314,270 
290,569 

1,259,549 
682,833 

2,979,575 

712,238 

281,971 

134,456 

268,419 

(D) 

(D) 



433 
339 
264 
788 
124 
482 
394 



128 
177 



1,892,677 
31,544 
12,594 
61,299 

126,299 



367,490 
194,720 
297,042 

410,524 
153,751 
600,625 
832,955 

172,542 
63,907 

586,084 
(D) 
(D) 



132 
293 



234 

547 

128 
146 
252 
20 

1 



1,086,631 

219,221 

2,919 

33,963 

49,151 



74,863 

46,535 

117,327 

151,556 

36,055 

270,288 

808,128 

140,907 

140,193 

514,157 

(D) 

(D) 



319 
194 



91 
214 



204 

1,713 

348 
432 
8X 
(D) 
(D) 



1,021,022 

365,271 

(D) 

(D) 

U,745 



60,325 

23,476 

68,761 

195,584 

42,912 

210,486 

1,453,457 

170,015 

353,739 

884,272 

(D) 

(D) 



1,370 

258 

18 

6 

53 



123 
65 

115 

286 
40 

263 

10,286 

1,473 

1,117 

7,326 

363 

7 



1,565,858 

415,922 

(D) 

(D) 

120,254 



108,891 
27,338 
81.752 

152,337 
25,251 

211,081 

5,244,038 

626,927 

595,379 

3,919,062 

99,497 

3,173 



(D) Withheld to avoid disclosure. ... Represents zero, 

publishing, coal products, and miscellaneous manufactures. 



XXX Not applicable. 



^Includes tobacco manufactures, lumber and products (except furniture), printing and 



irU. S. OOVERMENT PRINTING OFFICE : 1957 O - 446857 



SIZE OF ESTABLISHMENT OR FIRM 



CONTENTS 



Table Page 

2A. Merchant Wholesalers: igS-i — Sales Size of Establishment — United States, by Kind of 

Business; Establishments, Sales, Operating Expense Ratio, and Payroll 2-2 

2B. Merchant Wholesalers: 1954- — Sales Size of Establishment — United States and 

Geographic Divisions, by Kind of Business; Establishments and Sales 2-16 

2C. Merchant Wholesalers: 195'+ — Frequency Distribution by Sales Size of Establishment 

and Operating Expense Ratio — United States, by Kind of Business 2-39 

2D. Merchant Wholesalers: 1954 — Sales Size of Establishment — United States, by Kind of 

Business and City Size; Establishments and Sales 2-54 

2E. Wholesale Trade: 1954 — Employment Size of Establishment — United States, by Type of 

Operation and" Kind of Business; Establishments, Sales, Payroll, and Personnel 2-70 

2F. Wholesale Trade: 1954 — Employment Size of Establishment — States; Total Wholesale — 
Establishments, Payroll, and Personnel; Merchant Wholesalers and Other Operating 
Types — Establishments and Sales 2-88 

2G. Wholesale Trade: 1954— Employment Size of Establishment— United States, by Type of 

Operation, Kind of Business, and City Size; Establishments and Sales 2-95 

2H. Wholesale Trade: 1954 — Single Units and Mult iunits— United States, by Type of 

Operation and Kind of Business; Establishments, Sales, Operating Expense Ratio, 

and Payroll 2-112 

Index to Kinds of Business in Tables 2A, 2B, 20, 2D, 2E, 2G, and 2H 2-122 

2-1 



2-2 



WHOLESALE TRADE-SUMMARY STATISTICS 



Table 2A. MERCHANT WHOLESALERS: 1954-SALES SIZE OF ESTABLISHMENT-UNITED STATES, BY KIND OF 

BUSINESS 

Establishments, Sales, Operating Expense Ratio, and Payroll 



Kind of business and sales 
size of establishment 



Estab- 
lish- 
ments 

(Number) 



($1,000) 



Operating 
expenses 

(Including 
payroll) 

as percent 
of sales 



Payroll, 
entire 
year 

($1,000) 



Kind of business and sales 
size of establishment 



Estab- 
lish- 
ments 

(Number) 



(»1,000) 



Operating 

expenses 
(Including 

payroll) 
as percent 

of sales 



Payroll, 
entire 
year 

($1,000) 



Merchant wholesalers, total 

Establishments operated entire year, 

total 

With annual sales of — 

$10,000,000 and over 

$5,000,000 to $9,999,000 

$2,000,000 to $i, 999, 000 

$1,000,000 to $1,999,000 

$500,000 to $999,000 

$300,000 to $499,000 

$200,000 to $299,000 

$100,000 to $199,000 

$50,000 to $99,000 

Less than $50,000 

Establishments not operated entire year. 



Grocery, Confectionery, Meat Wholesalers 

General-line grocery wholesalers: 

Voluntary group grocery wholesalers, total 
Establishments operated entire year, 

total 

With annual sales of — 

$10,000,000 and over 

$5,000,000 to $9,999,000 

$2,000,000 to $4,999,000 

$1,000,000 to $1,999,000 

$500,000 to $999,000 

$300,000 to $499,000 

$200,000 to $299,000 

$100,000 to $199,000 

$50,000 to $99,000 

Less than $50,000 

Establishments not operated entire year. 

Retailer cooperative food wholesalers, 
total 

Establishments operated entire year, 

total 

With annual sales of — 

$10,000,000 and over 

$5,000,000 to $9,999,000 

$2,000,000 to $4,999,000 

$1,000,000 to $1,999,000 

$500,000 to $999,000 

$300,000 to $499,000 

$200,000 to $299,000 

$100,000 to $199,000 

$50,000 to $99,000 

Less than $50,000 

Establishments not operated entire year. 

Cash-carry food depots, total 

Establishments operated entire year, 

total 

With annual sales of — 

$10,000,000 and over 

$5,000,000 to $9,999.000 

$2,000,000 to $4,999,000 

$1,000,000 to $1,999,000 

$500,000 to $999,000 

$300,000 to $499,000 

$200,000 to $299,000 

$100,000 to $199,000 

$50,000 to $99,000 

Less than $50,000 

Establishments not operated entire year. 

Other general-line grocery wholesalers, 

total 

Establishments operated entire year, 

total 

With annual sales of — 

$10,000,000 and over 

$5,000,000 to $9,999,000 

$2,000,000 to »4, 999, 000 

$1,000,000 to $1,999,000 

$500,000 to $999,000 

$300,000 to $499,000 

$200,000 to $299,000 

$100,000 to $199,000 

$50,000 to $99,000 

Less than $50,000 

Establishments not operated entire year. 

Confectionery wholesalers, total 

Establishments operated entire year, 

total 

With an.iual sales of — 

$10,000,000 and over 

$5,000,000 to $9,999,000 

$2,000,000 to $4,999,000 

$1,000,000 to $1,999,000 

$500,000 to $999,000 

$300,000 to $499,000 

$200,000 to 1299,000 

$100,000 to $199,000 

$50,000 to $99,000 

Less than $50,000 

Establishments not operated entire year. 



165,153 

159,687 

815 

1,638 

6,609 

11,969 

19,663 

19,583 

17,386 

31,174 

25,011 

25,339 

5,466 



574 

569 

58 
79 

174 
155 



2 
291 
286 



101,100,941 

99,619,703 

18,584,598 
11,223,011 
19,940,896 
16,741,594 
13,952,367 
7,656,795 
4,424,833 
4,532,948 
1,857,660 
705,001 
1,481,238 



2,463,756 

2,456,708 

1,079,172 

532,762 

542,423 

235,190 

56,973 

8,189 

1,999 

7,048 

1,298,175 

(D) 

808,473 

245,614 

164,607 

53,159 

21,891 

3,067 

(D) 

(D) 

Id) 

139,950 
138,787 

18,766 





18 


26,889 




52 


33,507 




91 


35,003 




69 


17,152 




43 


7,024 




4 


323 




3 


123 




5 


1,163 


2 


262 


3,451,679 


2 


234 


3,417,813 




20 


341,869 




62 


433,348 




354 


1,059,069 




667 


947,649 




649 


483,580 




300 


121,409 




64 


16,631 




118 


14,258 




28 


33,866 


1 


909 


527,446 


1 


,847 


514,344 



85,956 



50 


70,198 


148 


102,723 


226 


87,036 


239 


58,947 


487 


69,735 


4i?/ 


31,834 


252 


7,915 


62 


13,102 



13.2 

13.1 

5.7 
9.3 
11.5 

13.8 
16.6 
18.9 
20.5 
22.5 
25.4 
31.0 
14.3 



(D) 



7,018,090 

6,916,193 

551,450 

589,154 

1,280,415 

1,266,977 

1,200,231 

734,904 

455,305 

503,680 

224,731 

109,346 

101,897 



7.4 


109,849 


7.4 


109,654 


6.7 


42,186 


7.4 


24,358 


8.4 


28,840 


8.0 


11,126 


9.0 


2,779 


7.3 


309 


5.5 


56 


5.0 


195 



35,432 
(D) 



3.8 


20,485 


4.8 


7,113 


5.2 


5,055 


7.4 


1,861 


7.9 


700 


6.7 


106 


(D) 


(D) 


(D) 


(D) 


(D) 


(D) 


4.2 


3,380 


4.2 


3,343 



3.4 


518 


4.4 


804 


4.3 


847 


4.5 


450 


5.4 


198 


5.6 


10 


23.6 


19 


5.1 


37 


8.9 


176,412 


8.9 


174,601 


9.8 


19,762 


8.2 


21,U6 


8.8 


55,062 


8.5 


46,586 


9.0 


23,615 


9.8 


6,163 


11.0 


948 


15.4 


1,319 


9.7 


1,811 


12.9 


34,244 


12.9 


33,412 



3,802 



10.9 


3,698 


13.8 


7,059 


13.6 


6,497 


15.3 


4,680 


14.9 


4,859 


15.5 


2,125 


19.3 


692 


11.2 


832 



Grocery, Confectionery, Meat 
Wholesalers — Con . 

Fish, seafood distributors, total 

Establishments operated entire year, 

total 

With annual sales of — 

$10,000,000 and over 

$5,000,000 to $9,999,000 

$2,000,000 to $4,999,UU0 

$1,000,000 to $1,999,000 

$500,000 to $999,000 

$300,000 to $499,000 

$200,000 to $299,000 

$100,000 to $199,000 

$50,000 to $99,000 , 

Less than $50,000 

Establishments not operated entire year 

Heat, meat products wholesalers, total... 
Establishments operated entire year, 

total 

With annual sales of — 

$10,000,000 and over 

$5,000,000 to $9,999,000 

$2,000,000 to $4,999,000 

$1,000,000 to $1,999,000 

$500,000 to $999,000 

$300,000 to $499,000 

$200,000 to $299,000 

$100,000 to $199,000 

$50,000 to $99,000 

Less than $50,000 

Establishments not operated entire year 



Specialty-line grocery wholesalers: 

Bakery, restaurant, hotel supply houses, 

to tal 

Establishments operated entire year, 

total 

With annual sales of — 

$10,000,000 and over 

$5,000,000 to $9,999,000 

$2,000,000 to $4,999,000 

$1,000,000 to $1,999,000 

$500,000 to $999,000 

$300,000 to $499,000 

$200,000 to $299,000 

$100,000 to $199,000 

$50,000 to $99,000 

Less than $50,000 

Establishments not operated entire year. 

Bread, bakery goods distributors, total... 
Establishments operated entire yeai-, 

total 

With annual sales of — 

$10,000,000 and over 

$5,000,000 to $9,999,000 

$2,000,000 to $4,999,000 

$1,000,000 to $1,999,000 

$500,000 to $999,000 

$300,000 to $499,000 

$200,000 to $299,000 

$100,000 to $199,000 

$50,000 to $99,000 

Less than $50,000 

Establishments not operated entire year 



Canned food wholesalers, total 

Establishments operated entire year, 

total 

With annual sale of — 

$10,000,000 and over 

$5,000,000 to $9,999,000 ' 

$2,000,000 to $4,999,000 

$1,000,000 to $1,999,000 

$500,000 to $999,000 

$300,000 to $499,000 

$200,000 to $299,000 

$100,000 to $199,000 

$50,000 to $99,000 

Less than $50,000 

Establishments not operated entire year. 

Coffee, tea, spice wholesalers, total 

Establishments operated entire year 

total 

With annual sales of — 

$10,000,000 and over ' 

$5,000,000 to $9,999,000 

$2,000,000 to $4,999,000 

$1,000,000 to $1,999,000 

$500,000 to $999,000 

»300,000 to $499,000 

$200,000 to $299,000 

$100,000 to $199,000 

$50,000 to $99,000 

Less than $50,000 

Establishments not operated entire year 



1,808 


553,698 


1,744 


636,942 


5 


48,178 


33 


107,364 


93 


128,613 


192 


135,552 


213 


81,780 


195 


47,784 


385 


56,114 


310 


22,957 


313 


8,600 


64 


16,756 



4,357 



2,866,193 



203 


2,814 


540 


15 


220 


117 


48 


333 


584 


221 


653 


672 


388 


558 


195 


625 


444 


120 


663 


260 


267 


641 


156 


901 


940 


140 


239 


469 


36 


498 


193 


5 


947 


154 


51 


653 



438 


215,414 


428 


212,379 


3 


18,656 


11 


32,730 


39 


55,097 


72 


50,906 


69 


27,359 


34 


8,583 


91 


13,501 


59 


4,217 


50 


1,330 


10 


3,035 


800 


160,478 


751 


155,514 


5 


14,465 


21 


28,473 


49 


32,576 


53 


20,181 


65 


15,634 


160 


22,609 


214 


15,753 


184 


5,823 


49 


4,964 


928 


621,222 


898 


613,746 


10 


116,286 


43 


131,673 


80 


108,498 


184 


133, 99f 


172 


67,735 


91 


23,939 


147 


22,274 


94 


7,158 


77 


2,185 


30 


7,476 


488 


1,606,380 


474 


1,589,028 


53 


1,357,448 


27 


95,527 


32 


47,340 


54 


37,246 


55 


20,833 


47 


11,872 


90 


12,60« 


67 


4,759 


49 


1,395 


U 


17,352 



16.4 


49,172 


16.4 


48,135 


6.0 


1,612 


10.3 


5,607 


13.8 


8,922 


18.7 


U,080 


19.4 


6,921 


20.0 


4,226 


23.4 


5,542 


26.1 


2,832 


31.9 


1,393 


16.0 


1,037 


10.3 


148,803 


10.3 


145,733 


6.2 


8,109 


6.5 


11,479 


9.3 


33,105 


10.7 


32,419 


12.4 


25,667 


12.5 


14,805 


12.1 


8,114 


13.7 


7,784 


17.6 


2,531 


25.4 


720 


12.5 


3,070 



15.4 


17,220 


15.4 


16,957 


9.8 


1,063 


16.5 


3,006 


15.3 


4,712 


15.1 


3,852 


15.6 


1,982 


14.7 


609 


18.9 


1,155 


21.0 


411 


28.3 


167 


16.8 


253 


20.6 


16, 543 


20.4 


15,880 


14 !2 


1,249 


16.6 


2,598 


24.3 


4,015 


21.7 


2,062 


22.2 


1,849 


19.6 


1,955 


21.2 


1,508 


23.4 


544 


25.8 


663 


10.5 


32,478 


10.5 


32,033 


6.4 


4,191 


9.9 


6,695 


9.9 


5,180 


11.5 


7,634 


12.3 


4,004 


15.1 


1,655 


16.0 


1,740 


21.2 


547 


26.9 


287 


10.3 


445 


3.0 


22,892 



22,721 



9,887 



5.9 


3,010 


15.8 


4,017 


15.5 


2,623 


13.7 


1,207 


15.0 


859 


14.5 


684 


14.7 


294 


21.4 


UO 


1.9 


171 



(D) withheld to avoid disclosure. 



Represents zero. 



SIZE OF ESTABLISHMENT OR FIRM 



2-3 



Table 2A. MERCHANT WHOLESALERS; 



1954-SALES SIZE OF ESTABLISHMENT-UNITED STATES, BY KIND OF 
BUSINESS-Continued 



Establishments, Sales, Operating Expense Ratio, and Payroll 



Kind of tiuslness and sales 
size of establlEhsient 



Estab- 
lish- 
ments 

(Number) 



Sales 
($1,000) 



Operating 
expenses 

(Ijncludlng 
payroll) 

as percent 
of sales 



Payroll, 
entire 
year 

(»1,000) 



Kind of business and sales 
size of establishment 



Estab- 
llsh- 
oents 

(Number) 



Sales 
($1,000) 



Operating 
expenses 

( including 

payroll) 

as percent 

of sales 



Payroll, 
entire 
year 
($1,000) 



Grocery, Conl'ectionery, Meat 
Vholesalers— Con, 

Specialty-line grocery wholesalers — Con. 

Dally products distributors, total 

Establishmenia operated entire year, 

total 

With annual sales of— 

$10,000,000 and over 

$5,000,000' to $9,999,000 

$2,000,000 to $4,999,000 

$1,000,000 to $1,999,000 

$500,000 to $999,000 

$300,000 to $499,000 

$200,000 to $299,000 

$100,000 to $199,000 

$50,000 to $99,000 

$Less than $50,000 

Establishments not operated entire year, 

Flour distributors, total 

Establishments operated entire year, 

total 

With annual sales of— 

$10,000,000 and over 

$5,000,000 to $9,999,000 

$2,000,000 to $4,999,000 

$1,000,000 to $1,999,000 

$500,000 to $999,000 

$300,000 to $499,000 

$200,000 to $299,000 

$100,000 to $199,000 , 

$50,000 to $99,000 

Less than $50,000 

Establishments not operated entire year. 

Frosted, frozen food distributors, total., 
Establishments operated entire year, 

total 

With annual sales of— 

$10,000,000 and over 

$5,000,000 to $9,999,000 , 

$2,000,000 to $4,999,000 

$1,000,000 to $1,999,000 

$500,000 to $999,000 

$300,000 to $499,000 

$200,000 to $299,000 

$100,000 to $199,000 

$50,000 to $99,000 

Use than $50,000 

Establishments not operated entire year, 

Soft drink distributors, total 

Establishments operated entire year, 

total 

With wTmiifti sales of— 

$10,000,000 and over 

$5,000,000 to $9,999,000 

$2,000,000 to $4,999,000 

$1,000,000 to $1,999,000 

$500,000 to $999,000 

$300,000 to $499,000 

$200,000 to $299,000 

$100,000 to $199,000 

$50,000 to $99,000 

Less than $50,000 

Establishments not operated entire year. 

Other grocery specialty wholesalers, 

total 

Establishments operated entire year, 

total 

With annual sales of — 

$10,000,000 and over 

$5,000,000 to $9,999,000 

$2,000,000 to $4,999,000 

$1,000,000 to $1,999,000 

$500,000 to $999,000 

$300,000 to $499,000 

$200,000 to $299,000 

$100,000 to $199,000 

$50,000 to $99.000 

Less than $50,000 

Establishments not operated entire year. 

Farm Products (Edible) Distributors 

Poultry, poultry products distributors, 

total 

Establishments operated entire year, 

total 

With """"aT sales of — 

$10,000,000 and over 

$5,000,000 to $9,999,000 

$2,000,000 to $4,999,000 

$1,000,000 to $1,999,000 

$500,000 to $999,000 

$300,000 to $499,000 

$200,000 to $299,000 

$100,000 to $199,000 

$50,000 to $99,000 

Less than $50,000 

EstabllshaentB not operated entire year. 



2,281 
2,214 



22 

45 
58 
178 
285 
475 
57 



2,290 

12 
U 
69 
104 
246 
250 
363 
497 
378 
360 
74 



1,340,279 
1,322,830 



12 


240,271 


32 


207,133 


77 


233,339 


141 


188,344 


246 


170,624 


276 


109,831 


279 


69,201 


451 


65,774 


397 


29,318 


J03 


8,995 


67 


17,449 


170 


108,303 


168 


(D) 


10 


30,072 


26 


35,539 


29 


22,085 


25 


10,183 


17 


4,643 


25 


3,565 


20 


1,536 


16 


(D) 


2 


(D) 


610 


455,882 


577 


449,299 


8 


64,641 


42 


126,211 


71 


98,369 


U2 


82,780 


107 


41,243 


73 


18,583 


93 


13,421 


43 


3,324 


28 


727 


33 


6,583 


1,142 


165,965 


1,085 


160,891 



37,663 

19,563 
U,427 
17,131 
13,903 
24,544 
21,131 
02,529 
5,074 



1,229,636 

322,305 

71,324 

215,930 

146,148 

172,836 

98,359 

89,935 

74,427 

28,224 

10, U8 

16,434 



2,660 


1,475,195 


2,563 


1,444,454 


36 


296,115 


112 


328,913 


181 


252,549 


334 


240,300 


300 


116,670 


342 


85,396 


584 


84,274 


421 


32,146 


253 


7,991 


97 


30,741 



11.6 


77,367 


11.6 


76,156 


4.0 


5,606 


5.7 


5,522 


11.0 


13,804 


14.2 


14,377 


16.6 


13,233 


17.5 


9,230 


16.6 


5,268 


18.5 


5,470 


18.5 


2,527 


24.4 


1,119 


15.2 


1,211 


7.4 


3,909 


(D) 


(D) 


3!8 


571 


8.6 


1,612 


7.6 


8U 


7.7 


326 


10.5 


225 


11.8 


159 


14.7 


HI 


(D) 


(D) 


(D) 


(D) 



13.3 


8,858 


12.8 


6,923 


15.3 


6,585 


15.8 


2,900 


17.6 


1,511 


19.8 


1,279 


21.2 


295 


27.0 


87 


13.4 


426 


23.5 


22,210 


23.5 


21,573 



23.9 


3,112 


22.9 


2,126 


22.3 


2,025 


29.1 


2,142 


26.5 


3,619 


26.1 


2,646 


28.5 


1,747 


25.8 


637 



55,208 



3.0 


3,014 


7.7 


3,343 


9.3 


9,405 


9.6 


7,213 


12.6 


10,072 


15.0 


6,618 


15.0 


6,551 


15.7 


5,259 


19.1 


2,411 


27.7 


1,322 


15.5 


1,033 



8.7 


57,514 


8.7 


56,175 


4.6 


6,997 


7.3 


U,688 


8.6 


U,014 


1D.6 


10,533 


11.7 


5,584 


12.1 


3,985 


12.7 


4,071 


13.0 


1,626 


19.3 


672 


10.4 


1,339 



Farm Products (Edible) Distributors — Con. 

Fresh fruit, vegetable wholesalers, total. 
Establishments operated entire year, 

total 

With annual sales of— 

$10,000,000 and over 

$5,000,000 to $9,999,000 

$2,000,000 to $4,999,000 

$1,000,000 to $1,999,000 

$500,000 to $999,000 

$300,000 tc $499,000 

$200,000 to $299,000 

$100,000 to $199,000 

$50,000 to $99,000 

Less than $50,000 

Establishments not operated entire year. 

Beer, Wine, Distilled Spirits Wholesalers 

Beer, ale distributors, total 

Establishments operated entire year, 

total 

With annual sales of — 

$10,000,000 and over 

$5,000,000 to $9,999,000 

$2,000,000 to $4,999,000 

$1,000,000 to $1,999,000 

$500,000 to $999,000 

$300,000 to $499,000 

$200,000 to $299,000 

$100,000 to $199,000 

$50,000 to $99,000 

Less than $50,000 

Establishments not operated entire year. 

Vine, distilled spirits wholesalers, total 
Establishments operated entire year, 

total 

With annual sales of — 

$10,000,000 and over 

$5,000,000 to $9,999,000 

$2,000,000 to $4,999,000 

$1,000,000 to $1,999,000 

$500,000 to $999,000 

$300,000 to $499,000 

$203,000 to $299,000 

$100,000 to $199,000 

$50,000 to $99,000 

Less than $50,000 

Establishments not operated entire year. 

Tobacco Distributors 

Tobacco distributors, total 

Establishments operated entire year, 

total 

With annual sales of — 

$10,000,000 and over 

$5,000,000 to $9,999,000 

$2,000,000 to $4,999,000 

$1,000,000 to $1,999,000 

$500,000 to $999,000 

$300,000 to $499,000 

$200,000 to $299,000 

$100,000 to $199,000 

$50,000 to $99,000 , 

Less than $50,000 , 

Establishments not operated entire year. 

Drugs, Chemicals, Allied Products 
Wholesalers 

General-line drug wholesalers, total 

Establishments operated entire year, 

total 

With annual sales of— 

$10,000,000 and over 

$5,COO,000 to $9,999,000 

$2,000,000 to $4,999,000 

$1,000,000 to $1,999,000 

$500,000 to $999,000 

$300,000 to $499,000 

$200,000 to $299,000 

$100,000 to $199,000 

$50,000 to $99,000 

Less than $50,000 

Establishments not operated entire year. 

Speciality-line drug, toiletries whole- 
salers, total 

Establishments operated entire year, 

total 

With annual sales of— 

$10,000,000 and over 

$5,000,000 to $9,999,000 

$2,000,000 to $4,999,000 

$1,000,000 to $1,999,000 

$500,000 to $999,000 

$300,000 to $499,000 

$200,000 to $299,000 

$100,000 to $199,000 

$50,000 to $99,000 

Less than $50,000 , 

Establishments not operated entlr« year. 



6,520 
6,326 

35 

218 
505 
952 
838 
846 
1,346 
1,015 
571 
194 



5,791 
5,521 



16 

109 
309 
722 
899 
937 
1,433 
803 
293 
270 

1,518 



49 
93 
317 
311 
237 
180 
73 
98 
76 
46 
38 



13 
56 
315 
583 
764 
451 
283 
211 
77 
47 
58 



11 
62 
158 
102 
35 
8 



10 
2 

2,409 
2,327 



33 
86 
205 
254 
243 
450 
396 
646 
82 



3,261,739 
3,188,976 

342,649 

627, 145 

708,345 

676,774 

331,674 

209, 156 

198, 534 

76,600 

18,099 

72,763 



2,311,181 
2,239,208 

119,687 

317,040 
422,973 
502,284 
356,513 
235,343 
213,199 

62,393 
9,776 

71,973 



978,913 

653,081 

966,767 

447,572 

171,508 

70,938 

18,476 

14,532 

5,589 

1,240 

47,137 



3,158,575 

165,698 
333,297 
938,492 
822,832 
558,886 
179,323 
70,986 
31,731 
6,104 
1,226 
50,354 



(D) 

144,241 

421,855 

516,266 

157,093 

26,408 

3,221 

1,032 

(D) 

(D) 

900,618 
888,551 

246,215 
109,816 
120,223 
141,471 
100,451 
51,004 
64,937 
28,948 
15,486 
12,067 



13.2 
13.2 

7.4 

10.0 
13.7 
15.0 
15.9 
16.0 
15.8 
17.3 
22.8 
14.1 



16.3 
16.3 

U.6 

14.7 
15.9 
16.8 
16.9 
16.6 
17.2 
17.4 
23.2 
16.3 

9.1 

9.1 

7.5 
9.3 
9.0 
10.4 
11.7 
12.6 
13.7 
20.0 
21.3 
26.5 
9.0 



(D) 



207, 520 
203,202 

12,526 

36,070 

49,880 

49,261 

23,094 

14,077 

12,033 

4,605 

1,656 

4,313 



176,619 
171,344 

8,915 

26,873 
36,318 
39,470 
25,938 
16,198 
13,024 

3,691 
916 

5,275 

155,753 

163,507 

38,341 

34,376 

49,098 

24,709 

9,894 

4,153 

1,067 

1,318 

502 

149 

2,156 



102,235 



5.5 


5,372 


4.8 


12,445 


5.2 


30,479 


5.6 


26,916 


7.2 


17,920 


7.3 


5,487 


8.1 


2,040 


7.9 


1,073 


13.0 


345 


22.7 


152 


5.7 


1,544 



104,646 
(D) 



15.0 


12,540 


13.4 


34,267 


13.4 


41,899 


13.6 


13,220 


13.5 


2,040 


19.1 


311 


22.6 


113 


(D) 


(D) 


(D) 


(D) 


15.9 


74,881 


1*.9 


73,755 


3.0 


10,030 


20.5 


9,215 


17.0 


11,453 


18.7 


12,397 


20.2 


10,391 


21.1 


6,312 


22.3 


7,089 


26.4 


3,471 


35.1 


2,697 


18.9 


1,126 



(D) Withheld to avoid disclosure. 



Represents zero. 



2-4 



WHOLESALE TRADE-SUMMARY STATISTICS 



Table 2A. MERCHANT WHOLESALERS: 1934 



-SALES SIZE OF ESTABLISHMENT-UNITED STATES, 
BUSINESS-Continued 



BY KIND OF 



Establishments, Sales, Operating Expense Ratio, and Payroll 



Kind of business and sales 
size of establishment 



Estab- 
lish- 
ments 

(Number) 



($1,000) 



Operating 

expenses 

(including 

payroll) 
as percent 

of sales 



Payroll, 
entire 
year 

($1,000) 



Kind of business and sales 
size of establishment 



Estab- 
lish- 
ments 

(Number) 



($1,000) 



Operating 

expenses 

(including 

payroll) 
as percent 

of sales 



Payroll, 
entire 
year 

($1,000) 



Drugs, Chemicals, Allied Products 
Wholesalers — Continued 
Industrial chemicals, explosives distribu- 
tors, total 

Establishments operated entire year, total 
With annual sales of — 

$10,000,000 and over 

$5,000,000 to $9,999,000 

$2,000,000 to $4,999,000 

$1,000,000 to $1,999,000 

$500,000 to $999,000 

$300,000 to $499,000 

$200,000 to $299,000 

$100,000 to $199,000 

$50,000 to $99,000 

Less than $50,000 

Establishments not operated entire year... 

Paint, varnish wholesalers; 
Paint wholesalers (with glass, wall- 
paper) , total 

Establishments operated entire yeai , 

total 

With annual sales of — 

$10,000,000 and over 

$5,000,000 to $9,999,000 

$2,000,000 to $4,999,000 

$1,000,000 to $1,999,000 

$500,000 to $999,000 

$300,000 to $499,000 

$200,000 to $299,000 

$100,000 to $199,000 

$50,000 to $99,000 

Less than $50,000 

Establishments not operated entire year. 

Paint wholesalers (without glass, wall 

paper) , total 

Establishments operated entire year, 

total 

With annual sales of — 

$10,000,000 and over 

$5,000,000 to $9,999,000 

$2,000,000 to $4,999,000 

$1,000,000 to $1,999,000 

$500,000 to $999,000 

$300,000 to $499,000 

$200,000 to $299,000 

$100,000 to $199,000 

$50,000 to $99,000 

Less than $50,000 

Establishments not operated entire year. 

Dry Goods, Apparel Wholesalers 

Clothing, furnishings, footwear wholesalers; 
General-line clothing, furnishings whole- 
salers, total 

Establishments operated entire year, 

total 

With annual sales of — 

$10,000,000 and over 

$5,000,000 to $9,999,000 

$2,000,000 to $4,999,000 

$1,000,000 to $1,999,000 

$500,000 to $999,000 

$300,000 to .1(499,000 

$200,000 to $299,000 

$100,000 to $199,000 

$50,000 to $99,000 

Less than $50,000 

Establishments not operated entire year. 

Men's, boys' clothing, furnishings whole- 
salers, total 

Establishments operated entire year, 

total 

With annual sales of — 

$10,000,000 and over 

$5,000,000 to $9,999,000 

$2,000,000 to $4,999,000 

$1,000,000 to $1,999,000 

$500,000 to $999,000 

$300,000 to $499,000 

$200,000 to $299,000 

$100,000 to $199,000 

$50,000 to $99,000 

Less thai) $50,000 

Establishments not operated entire year. 

Women's, children's clothing, furnishings 

wholesalers, total 

Establishments operated entire year, 

total 

With annual sales of — 

$10,000,000 and over 

$5,000,000 to $9,999,000 

$2,000,000 to $4,999,000 

$1,000,000 to $1,999,000 

$500,000 to $999,000 

$300,000 to $499,000 

$200,000 to $299,000 

$100,000 to $199,000 

$50,000 to $99,000 

Less than $50,000 

Establishments not operated entire year. 

(D) withheld to avoid disclosure. 



.,1378 
1.322 



63 
152 

211 
193 
ISO 
302 
293 
411 



503 
491 



53 
56 
129 
140 
63 
12 

655 
637 



60 
66 
156 
145 
145 
18 



797 
785 



102 
130 
112 
163 
120 
106 
12 

761 
740 



39 
86 
83 
102 
186 
113 



1,299 
1,255 



38 
84 
159 
183 
176 
270 
168 
172 



923,242 
912,503 



163,944 

189,717 
210,492 
152,407 
76,063 
44,461 
43,723 
21,767 
9,929 
10,739 



120,447 
119,112 

18,313 

10,224 
25,860 
20,627 
13,63i 
17,986 
10,381 
2,084 
1,335 

152,444 
151,058 

26,383 

17 , 549 
30,244 
22,428 
16,427 
23,029 
10,826 
4,172 
1,386 



296,157 
294,363 

60,064 

47,324 

71,980 

50,438 

27,935 

24, 592 

8,899 

3,131 

1,794 

384,769 
382,462 

109,196 

64,333 

51,655 

59,072 

34,493 

25,406 

27,168 

8,421 

2,718 

2,307 

566,298 
553,577 

38,913 

110,655 
116,741 
113,844 
71,679 
44,337 
39,686 
12,775 
4,947 
12,721 



15.9 
15.9 

11.8 

13.6 
14.0 
17.2 
19.4 
21.5 
24.7 
27.3 
34.4 
13.1 



24.6 
24.6 



19.5 
25.1 
25.9 
25.5 
27.3 
27.5 
25.1 
21.3 



23.1 

23.1 

17.8 

16:5 

28.0 
22.2 
24.2 
24.2 
27.3 
31.0 
32. 1 



14.8 
14.8 

10.8 

15.6 
15.1 
15.9 
15.9 
15.5 
22.1 
22.1 
18.0 

15.4 
15.3 

14.5 

12.1 
14.8 
16.9 
17.4 
16.2 
18.5 
19.3 
26.0 
20.0 

16.6 
16.7 

15.2 

14.1 
17.1 
16.1 
17.7 
16.3 
20.0 
23.7 
31.4 
12.5 



69,802 
69,195 

7,913 

12,562 

14,904 

12,309 

7,027 

4,601 

5,248 

2,805 

1,826 

607 



16,311 
16,192 

2,282 

1,064 
3,750 
3,029 
1,814 
2,571 
1,431 
251 
119 

17,410 
17,220 

1,725 

1,623 
4,752 
2,392 
1,898 
2,826 
1,400 
60^ 
190 



22,676 
22,537 

3,472 

4,030 
5,469 
3,861 
2,041 
1,645 

847 
1,172 

139 

25,830 
25,572 

5,546 

3,404 

4,009 

4,601 

2,709 

1,966 

2,253 

740 

339 

258 

44,165 

43,496 

3,571 

7,324 
9,296 
8,455 
6,009 
3,281 
3,466 
1,359 
735 
669 



Dry Goods, Apparel, Wholesalers — Con. 

Clothing, furnishings, footwear whole- 
salers — Con. 
Furs (dressed), fur clothing wholesalers, 

total 

Establishments operated entire year, 

total 

With annual sales of — 

$10,000,000 and over 

$5,000,000 to $5,999,000 

$2,000,000 to $4,999,000 

$1,000,000 to $1,999,000 

$500,000 to $999,000 

$300,000 to $499,000 

$200,000 to $299,000 

$100,000 to $199,000 

$50,000 to $99,000 

Less than $50,000 

Establishments not operated entire year. 

Millinery, millinery supplies distribu- 
tors, total • 

Establishments operated entire year, 

total 

With annual sales of — 

$10,000,000 and over 

$5,000,000 to $9,999,000 

$2,000,000 to $4,999,000 

$1,000,000 to $1,999,000 

$500,000 to $999,000 

$300,000 to $499,000 

$200,000 to $299,000 

$100,000 to $199,000 

$50,000 to $99,000 

Less than $50,000 

Establishments not operated entire year. 

Shoe, footwear wholesalers, total 

Establisnments operated entire year, 

total 

with annual sales of — 

$10,000,000 and over 

$5,000,000 to $9,999,000 

$2,000,000 to $4,999,000 

$1,000,000 to $1,999,000 

$500,000 to $999,000 

$300,000 to $499,000 

$200,000 to $299,000 

$100,000 to $199,000 

$50,000 to $99,000 

Less than $50,000 

Establishments not operated entire year. 

Work clothing wholesalers, total 

Establishments operated entire year, 

total 

With annual sales of — 

$10,000,000 and over 

$5,000,000 to $9,999,000 

$2,000,000 to $4,999,000 

$1,000,000 to $1,999,000 

$500,000 to $999,030 

$300, '^'30 to $499,000 

$200, udO to $299,000 

$100,000 to $199,000 

$50,000 to $99,000 

Less than $50,000 

Establishments not operated entire year. 

General-line dry goods wholesalers, total... 
Establishments operated entire year, 

total 

With annual sales of — 

$10,000,000 and over 

$5,000,000 to $9.999,000 

$2,000,000 to $4,9vy,000 

$1,000,000 to $1,999,000 

$500,000 to $999,000 

$300,000 to $499,000 

$200,000 to $299,000 

$100,000 to $199,000 

$50,000 to $99,000 

Less than $50,000 

Establishments not operated entire year... 

Specialty-line dry goods wholesalers: 

Hosiery wholesalers, total 

Efilabliehments operated entire year, 

total 

With annual sales of — 

$10,000,000 and over 

$5,000,000 to $9,999,000 

$2,000,000 to $4,999,000 

$1,000,000 to $1,999,000 

$500,000 to $999,000 

$300,000 to $499,000 

$200,000 to $299,000 

$100,000 to $199,000 

$50,000 to $99 ,000 

Less than $50,000 

Establishments not operated entire year. 



324 
318 



471 

460 



94,317 
33,255 



33 


23,347 


34 


13,402 


36 


8,961 


80 


11,769 


54 


4,118 


64 


1,687 


6 


1,062 


53 


31,953 


46 


81,493 



26 


18,407 


37 


13,816 


35 


8,604 


89 


12,707 


74 


5,667 


72 


2,063 


7 


460 


583 


353,979 


564 


340,110 


12 


80,652 


16 


45,255 


50 


67,688 


102 


70,342 


93 


36,287 


78 


19,079 


104 


15,320 


51 


3,795 


58 


1,692 


19 


13,869 


135 


49,138 


134 


(D) 


3 


10,133 


5 


6,985 


18 


12,868 


24 


9,154 


10 


2,718 


27 


3,561 


19 


1,382 


28 


(D) 


1 


(D) 


132 


393,580 


132 


393,580 


4 


168,740 


10 


66,082 


28 


80,511 


32 


45,259 


41 


29,208 



260,192 
256,241 

106, 506 



30 


41,374 


67 


46,760 


72 


28,733 


55 


13,691 


81 


11,918 


68 


5,276 


61 


1,983 


11 


3,951 



12.4 
12.4 



13.4 

13.4 



5,5''4 
5,410 



12.7 


1,218 


13.3 


913 


15.0 


647 


15.4 


788 


20.3 


401 


31.5 


268 


20.5 


114 


20.8 


8,522 


20.7 


8,469 



18.2 


1,708 


20.5 


1,426 


20.0 


952 


24.5 


1,535 


26.9 


720 


36.0 


357 


38.3 


53 


U.6 


23,486 


13.6 


22,455 


11.7 


4,857 


11.6 


2,669 


13.4 


4,646 


13.7 


4,947 


15.3 


2,484 


15.7 


1,224 


18.0 


1,017 


22.4 


384 


28.2 


227 


15.1 


1,031 


13.8 


3,307 


(D) 


(D) 


li!2 


490 


11.7 


400 


17.2 


1,094 


13.5 


679 


9.2 


94 


14.9 


265 


22.9 


137 


(D) 


(D) 


(D) 


(D) 



33,168 
33,168 



14.3 


13,791 


15.6 


5,563 


14.3 


7,383 


14.4 


4,034 


12.7 


2,067 



16,400 
16,198 



U.(. 


2,299 


1 ).'' 


2,846 


12.1 


1,788 


16. 7 


1,060 


17.2 


831 


18.7 


451 


26.5 


221 


12.0 


202 



Represents zero. 



SIZE OF ESTABLISHMENT OR FIRM 



2-5 



Table 2A. MERCHANT WHOLESALERS; 1954 



-SALES SIZE OF ESTABLISHMENT-UNITED STATES, 
BUSINESS-Continued 



BY KIND OF 



Establishments, Sales, Operating Expense Ratio, and Payroll 



Kind of business and sales 
size of establishment 



Estab- 
lish- 
ments 

(Number) 



Dry Goods, Apparel Uholesalers — Continued 

Specialty-line dry goods wholesalers — Con, 

Underwear wholesalers , total 

Bstablishroents operated entire year, 

total 

With annual sales of — 

$10,000,000 and over 

$5,000,000 to $9,999,000 

$2,000,000 to $4,999,000 

$1,000,000 to $1,999,000 

$500,000 to $999,000 

$300,000 to $499,000 

$200,000 to $299,000 

$100,000 to $199,000 

$50,000 to $99,000 

Less than $50,000 

Establishments not operated entire year. 

Notions wholesalers, total 

Establishments operated entire year, 

total 

With annual sales of — 

$10,000,000 and over 

$5,000,000 to $9,999,000 

$2,000,000 to $4,999,000 

$1,000,000 to $1,999,000 

$500,000 to $999,000 

$300,000 to $499,000 

$200,000 to $299,000 

$100,000 to $199,000 

$50,000 to $99,000 

Less than $50,000 

Establishments not operated entire year. 

Piece goods wholesalers, total 

Establishments operated entire year, 

total 

With annual sales of — 

$10,000,000 and over 

$5,000,000 to $9,999,000 

$2,000,000 to $4,999,000 

$1 ,000,000 to $1,999,000 

$500,000 to $999,000 

$300,000 to $499,000 

$200,000 to $299,000 

$100,000 to $199,000 

$50,000 to $99,000 

Less than $50,000 

Establishments not operated entire year. 

Other specialty-line dry goods whole- 
salers, total 

Establishments operated entire year, 

total 

with annual sales of — 

$10,000,000 and over 

$5,000,000 to $9,999,000 

$2,000,000 to $4,999,000 

$1,000,000 to $1,999,000 

$500,000 to $999,000 

$300,000 to $499,000 

$200,000 to $299,000 

$100,000 to $199,000 

$50,000 to $99,000 

Less than $50,000 

Establishments not operated entire year. 

Piece goods converters, total 

Establishments operated entire year, 

total 

With annual sales of — 

$10,000,000 and over 

$5,000,000 to $9,999,000 

$2,000,000 to $4,999,000 

$1,000,000 to $1,999,000 

$500,000 to $999,000 

$300,000 to $499,000 

$200,000 to $299,000 

$100,000 to $199,000 

$50,000 to $99,000 

Uss than $50,000 

EstaDllshments not operated entire year... 

Furniture, HOoe Furnishings Wholesalers 

Furniture (household, office) wholesalers: 
Household furniture wholesalers, total.... 
Establishments operated entire year, 

total 

With annual sales of — 

$10,000,000 and over 

$5,000,000 to $9,999,000 

$2,000,000 to $4,999,000 

$1,000,000 to $1,999,000 

$500,000 to $999,000 

$300,000 to $499,000 

$200,000 to $299,000 

$100,000 to $199,000 

$50,000 to $99,000 

Less than $50,000 

Establishments not operated entire year. 



164 

162 



27 
67 
75 
95 
176 
149 
152 



1,663 
1,617 

3 

12 

71 
157 
277 
211 
219 
282 
204 
181 



1,120 
1,087 



28 
58 

114 
157 
127 
242 
177 
178 
33 



18 
36 
96 
137 
151 
126 
63 
89 
41 
37 
23 



1,058 
1,010 



29 
73 
124 
125 

116 
201 
14S 
1S7 
48 



Sales 
($1,000) 



Operating 

expenses 

(Including 

payroll) 
as percent 

of sales 



71,420 
(D) 



25,098 

14,666 

12,005 

6,044 

3,825 

5,312 

2,293 

(D) 

(D) 

198,449 



23,728 

36,371 
43,451 
29,413 
23,041 
24,316 
10,715 
4,460 
2,954 

975,319 

960,199 

66,442 

76,722 

203,423 

222,185 

193,240 

82,108 

54,409 

41,490 

15,124 

5,056 

15,120 



460,119 
451,570 

65,069 

81,987 
78,907 
79,893 
62,035 
31,241 
34,290 
13,098 
5,050 
8,549 



565,504 

250,082 

294,969 

187,525 

106,751 

49,455 

15,264 

13,049 

3,421 

1,091 

16,851 



463,630 
452,868 

48,494 

95,634 
98,397 
87,907 
48,919 
27,625 
29,501 
11,018 
5,373 
10.762 



14,8 
(D) 



16,0 

9,5 

13.8 
22.7 
11,1 
14.9 
19.4 
(D) 
(D) 

18.7 



16.9 

16.5 
18.0 
19.9 
19.9 
18.8 
23.3 
27.7 
17.9 

12.7 

12.8 

13.6 
9.7 
11.0 
10.8 
13.8 
15.0 
15.5 
17.9 
22.9 
27.0 
8.1 



14.2 
14.3 

7.5 

12.2 
13.3 
15.7 
17.1 
17.2 
18.8 
21.5 
27.0 
12.2 



10.2 
9,5 
11,3 
13,1 
12.8 
17.1 
18.1 
19.9 
27.9 
7.4 



19.0 
19.1 

11.8 

20.7 
17.4 
17.5 
20.3 
22.3 
23.3 
24.7 
33.1 
16.4 



Payroll, 
entire 
year 

($1,000) 



5,515 
(D) 



778 
810 
581 
218 
412 
189 
(D) 
(D) 



2,083 

2,920 
4,187 
3,163 
2,402 
2,230 
1,063 
579 
260 

57,505 

56,926 

4,054 

3,616 

11,605 

11,342 

11,513 

5,252 

3,721 

3,593 

1,533 

697 

579 



32,375 
31,390 

2,284 

5,026 
5,520 
6,629 
4,998 
2,514 
3,067 
1,250 
602 
485 

69,686 

69,014 

23,158 
11,458 
12,957 
9,512 

6,467 

2,926 

1,087 

1,034 

294 

121 

672 



44,376 
43,537 

3,276 

10,259 
9,125 
;,604 
5,004 
2,916 
3,214 
1,282 
857 
839 



Kind of business and sales 
slse of establishment 



Furniture, Home Furnishings Wholesalers — 
Continued 

Furniture (household, office) wholesalers — 
Continued 

Office furniture distributors, total 

Establishments operated entire year, 

total 

With annual sales of — 

$10,000,000 and over 

$5,000,000 to $9,999,000 

$2,000,000 to $4,999,000 

$1,000,000 to $1,999,000 

$500,000 to $999,000 

$300,000 to $499,000 

$200,000 to $299,000 

$100,000 to $199,000 

$50,000 to $99,000 

Less than $50,000 

Establishments not operated entire year. 

Home furnishings, floor covemings whole- 
salers: 
China, glassware, crockery wholesalers, 

total 

Establishments operated entire year, 

total 

With annual sales of — 

$10,000,000 and over ; . 

$5,000,000 to $9,999,000 

$2,000,000 to $4,999,000 

$1,000,000 to $1,999,000 

$500,000 to $999,000 

$300,000 to $499,000 

$200,000 to $299,000 

$100,000 to $199,000 

$50,000 to $99,000 

Less than $50,000 

Establishments not operated entire year. 

Curtain, drapery wholesalers, total 

Establishments operated entire year, 

total 

With annual sales of — 

$10,000,000 and over 

$5,000,000 to $9,999,000 

$2,000,000 to $4,999,000 

$1,000,000 to $1,999,000 

$500,000 to $999,000 

$300,000 to $499,000 

$200,000 to $299,000 

$100,000 to $199,000 

$50,000 to $99,000 

Less than $50,000 

Establishments not operated entire year. 

Domestic, '-holesalers, total 

Este " .jnents operated entire year, 

tota- 

With .nnual sales of — 

$1 ,000,000 and over 

$5,000,000 to $9,999,000 

$2,000,000 to $4,999,000 

$1,000,000 to $1,999,000 

$500,000 to $999,000 

$300,000 to $499,000 

$200,000 to $299,000 

$100,000 to $199,000 

$50,000 to $99,000 

Less than $50,000 

Establishments not operated entire year. 

Floor coverings wholesalers, total 

Establishments operated entire year, 

total 

With annual sales of — 

$10,000,000 and over 

$5,000,000 to $9,999,000 

$2,000,000 to $4,999,000 

$1,000,000 to $1,999,000 

$500,000 to $999,000 

$300,000 to $499,000 

$200,000 to $299,000 

$100,000 to $199,000 

$50,000 to $99,000 

Less than $50,000 

Establishments not operated entire year 

Other home furnishings, specialties whole- 
salers, total 

Establishments operated entire year, 

total 

With annual sales of — 

$10,000,000 and over 

$5,000,000 to $9,999,000 

$2,000,000 to $4,999,000 

$1,000,000 to $1,999,000 

$500,000 to $999,000 

$300,000 to $499,000 

$200,000 to $299,000 

$100,000 to $199,000 

$50,000 to $99,000 

Less than $50,000 

Establishments not operated entire year 



Estab- 
lish- 
ments 

(Number) 



26 


31,654 


70 


46,944 


90 


34,315 


103 


24,963 


229 


32,866 


183 


13,614 


175 


5,122 


30 


4,951 



538 
522 



38 
37 
48 
51 
108 
113 
120 
16 

161 

156 



10 
19 
23 
10 
33 
21 
33 
5 

237 

226 



Sales 
($1,000) 



234,195 
229,244 



172,206 
164,725 



26,824 

53,197 
26,094 
19,092 
12,143 
15,540 
8,424 
3,411 
7,481 

68,874 

68,647 



24,670 

12,680 
12,967 
8,873 
2,259 
4,794 
1,508 
896 
227 

126,769 

123,942 



46,149 



Operating 

expenses 

(Including 

payroll) 
as percent 

of sales 



20 


28,372 


34 


23,748 


29 


10,924 


24 


5,627 


41 


5,806 


33 


2,490 


30 


826 


11 


2,827 


73 


600,763 



589,064 



103,316 



55 


161,892 


99 


139,744 


127 


92,188 


117 


45,475 


93 


24,008 


104 


15,421 


76 


5,609 


54 


1,411 


34 


11,699 


1,130 


416,038 


1,081 


409,720 


5 


33,376 


28 


88,798 


57 


77,309 


115 


81,129 


129 


48,813 


116 


29,084 


214 


31,295 


187 


13,802 


230 


6,114 


49 


6,318 



25.3 
25,3 



21,0 


3,849 


25,9 


6,520 


27,8 


5,455 


29,9 


3,936 


29,9 


5,107 


29.4 


1,901 


31.6 


814 


25.9 


674 



23.7 
24.2 



Payroll, 
entire 
year 

($1,000) 



32,347 
31,673 



19,778 
19,325 



2,111 



22.9 


6,386 


27.0 


3,397 


27.6 


2,570 


26.2 


1,443 


28.0 


1,912 


27.1 


994 


32.5 


512 


14.4 


453 


16.9 


6,070 


16.9 


6,051 



19.1 


1,376 


22.0 


1,418 


20.6 


958 


21.3 


214 


18.9 


424 


30.6 


224 


34.3 


190 


20.3 


19 


12.9 


8,244 


12.9 


8,101 



15.0 


2,198 


15.6 


1,835 


14.0 


654 


15.0 


399 


17.9 


477 


26.7 


275 


27.2 


127 


11.2 


143 



7,584 



14.2 


12,232 


14.2 


10,700 


15.7 


7,418 


15.4 


3,690 


17.5 


2,063 


20.9 


1,534 


30.7 


830 


34.0 


261 


20.1 


922 


19.3 


41,458 


19.2 


40,892 


19.6 


3,487 


17.1 


8,554 


15.9 


7,166 


19.8 


8,239 


20.9 


4,917 


20.7 


2,396 


21.9 


3,209 


26.8 


1,626 


30.0 


798 


21.0 


566 



(D) Withheld to avoid disclosure. 



Represents zero. 



2-6 



WHOLESALE TRADE-SUMMARY STATISTICS 



Table 2A. MERCHANT WHOLESALERS: 1954-SALES SIZE OF ESTABLISHMENT-UNITED STATES, BY KIND OF 

BUSINESS-Continued 

Establishments, Sales, Operating Expense Ratio, and Payroll 



Kind of business and salea 
size of establishicent 



Estab- 
lish- 
ments 

(Number) 



($1,000) 



(including 
payroll) 

as percent 
of sales 



Operating 



Payroia, 
entire 
year 

($1,000) 



Kind of business and sales 
size of establishment 



Eatab- 
llflh- 
ments 

(Ihmber) 



(11,000) 



Operating 
eccpenses 

(Including 
payroll) 

as percent 
of sales 



Payroll, 
entire 
year 

($1,000) 



Paper, Allied Products Wholesalers 

Coarse paper and products uholesalers, total 
Establishments operated entire year, 

total 

With annual sales of — 

$10,000,000 and over 

$5,000,000 to $9,999,000 

$2,000,000 to $4,999,000 

$1,000,000 to $1,999,000 

$500,000 to $999,000 

$300,000 to $499,000 

$200,000 to $299,000 

$100,000 to $199,000 

$50,000 to $99,000 

Less than $50,000 

Establishments not operated entire year... 

Printing and fine paper distributors, total, 
Eetablishmenta operated entire year, 

total 

With anmjal sales of— 

$10,000,000 and over 

$5,000,000 to $9,999,000 

$2,000,000 to $4,999,000 

$1,000,000 to $1,999,000 

$500,000 to $999,000 

$300,000 to $499,000 

$200,000 to $299,000 

$100,000 to $199,000 

$50,000 to ?99,000 

Less than $50,000 

Establishments not operated entire year... 

Stationery, office supplies wholesalers, 

total 

Eatabllshments operated entire year, 

total 

With annual sales of— 

$10,000,000 and over 

$5,000,000 to $9,999,000 

$2,000,000 to $4,999,000 

$1,000,000 to $1,999,000 

$500,000 to $999,000 

$300,000 to $499,000 

$200,000 to $299,000 

$100,000 to $199,000 

$50,000 to $99,000 

Less than $50,000 

Establishments not operated entire year... 

Uallp^er wholesalers, total 

Establishments operated entire year, 

total 

With annual sales of — 

$10,000,000 and over 

$5,000,000 to $9,999,000 

$2,000,000 to $4,999,000 

$1,000,000 to $1,999,000 

$500,000 to $999,000 

$300,000 to $499,000 

$200,000 to $299,000 

$100,000 to $199,000 

$50,000 to $99,000 

Less than $50,000 

EatablisfamentB not operated entire year... 



Farm Products iRau Materials) Merchants 

Cotton mer'zna.rJ.s, total 

Establiohments operated entire year, total 
With annuel sales of— • 

$10,000,000 and over 

$5,000,000 to $9,999,000 

$2,000,000 to $4,999,000 

$1,000,000 to $1,999,000 

$500,000 to $999,000 

$300,000 to $499,000 

$200,000 to $299,000 

$100,000 to $199,000 

$50,000 to $99,000 

Less than $50,000 

Establishments not operated entire year... 

Grain merchants, total 

Eatabllshments operated entire yeex 

With annual sales of — 

$10,000,000 and over 

$5,000,000 to $9,999,000 

$2,000,000 to $4,999,000 

$1,000,000 to $1,999,000 

$500,000 to $999,000 

$300,000 to $499,000 

$200,000 to $299,000 

$100,000 to $199,000 

$50,000 to $99,000 

Less than $50,000 

Establishments not operated entire year... 

... RepreaentQ zero. 



2,435 


1,297,650 


2,386 


1,288,755 


4 


59,614 


12 


89,782 


86 


250,696 


215 


301,626 


383 


269,440 


395 


154,007 


262 


66,255 


465 


67,006 


308 


23,076 


256 


7,353 


49 


8,895 


865 


1,248,002 


856 


1,243,271 


46 


594,927 


97 


311,403 


lU 


152,424 


U5 


103,875 


98 


38,859 


70 


16,940 


106 


15,030 


102 


7,590 


81 


2,223 


9 


4,731 


1,564 


369,772 


1,517 


363,408 


3 


24,612 


18 


51,313 


30 


40,599 


90 


62,689 


136 


51,533 


182 


44,467 


380 


53,777 


333 


24,534 


345 


9,884 


47 


6,364 


193 


45,625 


188 


44,186 



11 


7,358 


17 


6,485 


J9 


5,297 


49 


6,889 


51 


4,068 


34 


1,086 


5 


1,439 



581 


2,610,108 


566 


2,578,298 


6) 


1,574,762 


59 


404,156 


116 


369,311 


98 


138,080 


75 


58,106 


47 


18,190 


30 


7,447 


45 


6,482 


19 


1,428 


16 


336 


15 


31,810 


975 


3,989,704 


950 


3,973,343 


92 


2,718,140 


69 


486,725 


129 


418,087 


105 


147,196 


165 


116,562 


123 


43,731 


BO 


19,720 


92 


13,381 


45 


3,417 


50 


1,384 


25 


16,361 



123,277 



16.4 


122,320 


15.3 


3,278 


10.0 


5,004 


14.8 


22,456 


15.8 


30,260 


17.7 


28,396 


17.7 


15,588 


19.8 


7,088 


20.2 


6,891 


21.5 


2,334 


28.1 


1,025 


21.7 


957 


11.4 


85, 194 


11.4 


84,864 


6.7 


26,084 


13.6 


25,341 


15.1 


13,667 


18.1 


11,004 


20.8 


4,204 


20.7 


1,734 


23.2 


1,759 


21.6 


754 


27.3 


317 


16.7 


330 


26.1 


52,051 


26.2 


51,345 


18.9 


1,332 


21.7 


6,366 


25.1 


6,112 


28.5 


10,495 


27.9 


8,219 


28.1 


6,792 


27.3 


7,522 


28.1 


3,146 


29.5 


1,361 


22.5 


706 


29.9 


6,882 


30.1 


6,732 



1,664 



26.5 


1,021 


29.2 


1,036 


30.0 


896 


32.5 


1,060 


39.4 


673 


35.9 


182 


23.7 


150 



3.7 


22,918 


3.7 


22,740 


4.0 


12,088 


2.3 


2,124 


3.1 


4,502 


3.5 


1,499 


5.1 


1,106 


9.1 


519 


7.4 


245 


12.2 


420 


22.8 


171 


32.7 


66 


2.9 


178 


3.1 


55,325 


3.1 


54,804 


2.0 


24,750 


3.0 


6,557 


4.6 


8,998 


7.3 


4,540 


9.9 


5,205 


11.8 


1,998 


U.3 


1,224 


19.3 


967 


22.2 


381 


30.1 


184 


8.5 


621 



Farm Products (Raw Materiala) 
Merchant B—Cont inued 

Hide, skin, raw fur wholesalers, total 

Establishments operated entire year 

With annual s^es of— 

$10,000,000 and over 

$5,000,000 to $9,999,000 

$2,000,000 to $4,999,000 

$1,000,000 to $1,999,000 

$500,000 to $999,000 

$300,000 to $499,000 

$200,000 to $299,000 

$100,000 to $199,000 

$50,000 to $99,000 

Less than $50,000 

Establishments not operated entire year... 

Livestock {except hordes, mules) dlatribu- 

tors , total 

Establishments operated entire year, 

total 

With animal sales of— 

$10,000,000 and over 

$5,000,000 to $9,999,000 

$2,000,000 to $4,999,000 

$1,000,000 to $1,999,000 

$500,000 to $999,000 

$300,000 to $499,000 

$200,000 to $299,000 

$100,000 to $199,000 

$50,000 t-o $99,000 

Less than $50,000 

Establishments not operated entire year... 

Leaf tobacco dealers, total 

Establishments operated entire year, 

total 

With annual sales of — 

$10,000,000 and over 

$5,000,000 to $9,999,000 

$2,000,000 to $4,999,000 

$1,000,000 to $1,999,000 

$500,000 to $999,000 

$300,000 to $499,000 

$200,000 to $299,000 

$100,000 to $199,000 

$50,000 to $99,000 

Less than $50,000 

Establishments not operated entire year... 

Raw wool, wool tops, mohair dealers, total.. 
Establishments operated entire year, 

total 

With annual sales of — 

$10,000,000 and over 

$5,000,000 to $9,999,000 

$2,000,000 to $4,999,000 

$1,000,000 to $1,999,000 

$500,000 to $999,000 

$300,000 to $499,000 

$200,000 to $299,000 

$100,000 to $199,000 

$50,000 to $99,000 

Less than $50,000 

Eatabllshments not operated entire year... 

Other fann products (raw materials) dis- 
tributors , total 

Establishments operated entire year, 

total 

With annual sales of— 

$10,000,000 and over 

$5,000,000 to $9,999,000 

$2,000,000 to $4,999,000 

$1,000,000 to $1,999,000 ,« 

$500,000 to $999,000 

$300,000 to $499,000 

^00,000 to $299,000 

$100,000 to $199,000 

$50,000 to $99,000 

Less than $50,000 

Establishments not operated entire year... 

Automotive Wholesalers 

Motor vehicle distributors: 

New used automobllo distributors, total... 
Establishments operated entire year, 

total 

With annual sales of— 

$10,000,000 and over 

$5,000,000 to $9,999,000 

$2,000,000 to $4,999,000 

$1,000,000 to $1,999,000 

$500,000 to $999,000 

$300,000 to $499,000 

$200,000 to $299,000 

$100,000 to $199,000 

$50,000 to $99,000 

Lees than $50,000 

Efltablishments not operated entire year. 



577 


428,489 


565 


422,526 


9 


Ul,436 


23 


70,448 


58 


82,407 


91 


66,674 


64 


24,671 


63 


15,138 


102 


15,108 


75 


5,486 


80 


2,208 


12 


5,863 


669 


888,292 


657 


876,019 


11 


188,069 


21 


141,543 


86 


266,430 


103 


U7,7U 


120 


86,272 


70 


28,249 


50 


12,327 


59 


8,994 


60 


4,430 


77 


1,991 


12 


12,273 


234 


304,224 


215 


302, U9 


6 


U9,383 


3 


22,546 


18 


59,650 


21 


32,138 


26 


18,693 


25 


10,062 


12 


3,012 


22 


3,362 


27 


1,927 


55 


1,376 


19 


2,076 



481,524 
480,778 



9 


134,156 


15 


102,541 


38 


116,345 


48 


69,533 


48 


34,680 


33 


12,608 


19 


4,667 


27 


4,001 


24 


1,736 


18 


512 


3 


746 


635 


529,600 


623 


626,975 


15 


289,111 


23 


74,957 


40 


59,157 


76 


51,775 


47 


18,607 


42 


10,480 


90 


13,483 


93 


6,932 


97 


2,573 


12 


2,625 



897 


491,732 


867 


465,027 


10 


82,254 


28 


84,929 


70 


98,543 


119 


81,441 


138 


52,586 


109 


28,031 


167 


26,036 


122 


8,916 


104 


3,291 


30 


26,705 



7.6 


16,932 


7.6 


15,695 


4.0 


3,294 


7.9 


3,298 


7.4 


2,911 


9.8 


2,813 


10.7 


953 


11.2 


690 


16.4 


1,123 


19.1 


399 


23.7 


214 


7.8 


237 



2.9 

0.8 
1.2 
2.2 
3.7 
5.9 
7.5 
9.4 
12.8 
16.9 
29.6 
2.6 

9.2 



7,408 

7,324 

315 

826 

1,913 

1,340 
1,341 
450 
286 
327 
249 
278 
84 

13, U3 

13,022 



6.1 


3,316 


11.6 


1,323 


11.1 


2,927 


10.0 


1,918 


15.8 


1,825 


17.1 


857 


12.6 


243 


17.7 


303 


21.2 


194 


18.0 


116 


10.0 


111 



5.9 


1,428 


3.7 


1,963 


4.7 


2,691 


6.5 


2,213 


7.8 


857 


10.8 


576 


13.0 


358 


14.3 


240 


18.0 


166 


27.3 


60 


8.8 


15 


6.7 


15.318 


6.7 


15,237 


2.1 


2,203 


6.9 


2,626 


1D.6 


3,018 


14.5 


3,092 


15.7 


1,128 


17.2 


877 


21.2 


1,128 


26.9 


811 


30.9 


344 


11.4 


SI 



12.2 


30,240 


12.3 


28,S42 


5.9 


2,596 


8.3 


3,710 


12.2 


6,106 


15.0 


6,349 


16.3 


3,897 


16.2 


2,097 


20.8 


2,555 


21.7 


966 


32.4 


565 


9.3 


1,398 



SIZE OF ESTABLISHMENT OR FIRM 



2-7 



Table 2A. MERCHANT WHOLESALERS: 1934-SALES SIZE OF ESTABLISHMENT-UNITED STATES, BY KIND OF 

BUSINESS-Continued 

Establishments, Sales, Operating Expense Ratio, and Payroll 



Kind of business and sales 
size of establishment 



Estab- 
lish- 
ments 

(Number) 



Sales 
($1,000) 



Operating 
expenses 

(including 
payroll) 

as percent 
of sales 



Payroll, 
entire 



(♦1,000) 



Kind of business and sales 
size of establishment 



Gstab- 
11 eh- 
menle 

(Number) 



Sales 
($1,000) 



Operating 
expenses 

(including 
payroll) 

as percent 
of sales 



Payroll, 

entire 

year 

($1,000) 



Automotive Wolesalers — Con. 

Motor vehicle distributors — Con.: 

Truck and tractor (road type) dealers, 

total 

Establishments operated entire year, 

total 

With annual sales of— 

$10,000,000 and over 

$5,000,000 -to $9,999,000 

$2,000,000 to $4,999,000 

il, 000, 000 to $1,999,000 

$500,000 to $999,000 

$300,000 to $499,000 

$200,000 to $299,000 

$100,000 to $199,000 

$50,000 to $99,000 

Less than $50,000 

Establishments not operated entire year. 

Automotive equipment, tire-tube wholesalers: 
Automotive parts, accessories jobbers, 

total 

Establishments operated entire year, 

total 

With annual sales of" 

$10,000,000 and over 

$5,000,000 to $9,999,000 

$2,000,000 to $4,999,000 

$1,000,000 to $1,999,000 

$500,000 to $999,000 

$300,000 to $499,000 

$200,000 to $299,000 

$100,000 to $199,000 

$50,000 to $99,000 

Less than $50,000 

Establishments not operated entire year. 

Garage equipment, tools distributors, 

total 

Establishments operated entire year, 

total 

With annual sales of — 

$10,000,000 and over 

$5,000,000 to $9,999,000 

$2,000,000 to $4,999,000 

$1,000,000 to $1,999,000 

$500,000 to $999,000 

$300,000 to $499,000 

$200,000 to $299,000 

$100,000 to $199,000 

$50,000 to $99,000 

Less than $50,000 

Establishments not operated entire year. 

Tire, tube wholesalers, total 

Establishments operated entire year, 

total 

With annual sales of— 

$10,000,000 and over 

$5,000,000 to $9,999,000 

$2,000,000 to $4,999,000 

$1,000,000 to $1,999,000 

$500,000 to $999,000 

$300,000 to $499,000 

$200,000 to $299,000 

$100,000 to $199,000 

$50,000 to $99,000 

Less than $50,000 

Establishments not operated entire year. 

Electrical, Electronics, Appliance 
Distributors 

Electrical apparatus, supplies distributors: 
General-line electrical goods distribu- 
tors, total 

Establishments operated entire year, 

total 

With annual sales of — 

$10,000,000 and over 

$5,000,000 to $9,999,000 

¥2,000,000 to t4,999,000 

$1,000,000 to $1,999,000 

$500,000 to $999,000 

$300,000 to $499,000 

$200,000 to $299,000 

$100,000 to $199,000 

$50,000 to $99,000 

Less than $50,000 

EatabllshmentB not operated entire year. 

Wiring supplies distributors, total 

Establishments operated entire year, 

total 

With annual sales of — 

$10,000,000 and over 

$5,000,000 to $9,999,000 

$2,000,000 to $4,999,000 

$1,000,000 to $1,999,000 

$500,000 to $999,000 

$300,000 to $499,000 

$200,000 to $299,000 

$100,000 to $199,000 

$50,000 to $99,000 

Less than $50,000 

Establishments noi; operated entire year. 





666 


265,603 




636 


258,484 




11 


31,823 




i8 


54,161 




95 


67,983 




116 


44,397 




96 


23,919 




116 


17,654 




82 


6,355 




72 


2,192 




30 


7,119 


2 


,563 


2,834,453 


2 


,213 


2,776,729 




25 


181, 686 




82 


248,258 




240 


315,740 




675 


460,539 


1 


,126 


432,238 


1 


,481 


351,363 


3 


,418 


485,711 


2 


,984 


222,919 


2 


,182 


58,275 




350 


57,724 




207 


55,731 




198 


54,457 




3 


7,295 




6 


7,9/9 




18 


12,537 




25 


9,901 




26 


6,375 




48 


6,614 




40 


2,834 




32 


922 




9 


1,274 


1 


,207 


329,994 


1 


,159 


324,369 



35 


46,407 


110 


75,308 


159 


65,744 


142 


35,423 


272 


38,722 


235 


17,773 


187 


5,520 


48 


5,625 



17 

57 

220 

159 
58 
11 
7 

20 



75 
178 
377 
351 
260 
325 
187 
173 

52 



1,557,994 

1,565,835 

221,882 
390,634 
661,426 
239,013 
44,185 
4,933 
1,616 

2,146 



2,159 
1,105,922 



88,345 

218,000 

246,869 

258,645 

139,392 

64,572 

48,361 

14,050 

5,099 

12,589 



20.7 


31,355 


20.8 


30,698 


17!6 


3,349 


17.5 


6,626 


20.2 


8,020 


23.9 


6,064 


23.2 


2,878 


26.0 


2,467 


24.1 


842 


35.4 


452 


18.3 


657 


24.7 


415,629 


24.7 


409,335 


32.3 


15,135 


17.1 


26,514 


20.8 


41,317 


24.9 


70,086 


27.1 


72,032 


27.7 


60,894 


28.0 


78,649 


28.4 


33,732 


31.5 


10,975 


20.0 


5,294 


23.1 


7,247 


23.1 


7,109 


12!2 


488 


19.1 


1,081 


25.3 


1,855 


24.9 


1,379 


25.8 


958 


26.2 


834 


26.1 


368 


32.1 


146 


20.2 


138 



20.0 


5,424 


22.4 


9,289 


24.2 


8,466 


24.7 


4,631 


26.6 


5,085 


27.2 


2,360 


30.9 


876 


22.9 


634 



10.8 


98,245 


10.8 


98,128 


11.3 


15,158 


11.5 


26,537 


10.1 


37,942 


10.4 


14,455 


14.8 


3,210 


14.0 


377 


16.4 


153 


27.2 


296 


11.0 


117 


16.4 


103,134 


15.4 


102,257 


14.4 


7,343 


15.3 


20,033 


15.0 


22,139 


16.5 


24,990 


18.2 


13,953 


17.8 


6,293 


20.2 


5,007 


24.2 


1,663 


32.4 


831 


13.0 


877 



Electrical, Electronics, Appliance 
Distributors— Con . 

Electrical, apparatus, supplies distribu- 
tors — Con. 
Electrical apparatus, equipment distribu- 
tors , total 

Establishraents operated entire year, 

total 

With annual sales of — 

! 10, 000,000 and over 
5,000,000 to ^9,999,000 
2,000,000 to $4,999,000 

$1,000,000 to $1,999,000 

$500,000 to $999,000 

$300,000 to $499,000 

$200,000 to $299,000 

$100,000 to $199,000 

$50,000 to $99,000 

Less than $50,000 

Establishments not operated entire year. 

Electrical appliance, radio, TV set whole- 
salers, total 

Establiiihments operated entire year, 

total 

With annual sales of — 

$10,000,000 and over 

$5,000,000 to $9,999,000 

$2,000,000 to $4,999,000., 

$1,000,000 to $1,999,000 

$500,000 to $999,000 

$300, UOO w $499,000 

$200,000 to 4299,000 

$100,000 to $199,000 

$50,000 to $99,000 

Less than $50,000 

Establishments not operated entire year... 



Electronic parts, equipment distributors, 

total 

Establishments operated entire year, 

total 

With annual sales of — 

$10,000,000 and over 

$5,000,000 to $9,999,000 

$2,000,000 to $4,999,000 

$1,000,000 to $1,999,000 

$500,000 to $999,000 

$300,000 to $499,000 

$200,000 to $299,000 

$100,000 to $199,000 

$50,000 to $99,000 

Less than $50,000 

Establishments not operated entire year. 



Hardware, Plumbing -Heating Gooas 
Wholesalers 

Hardware wholesalers; 

General-line hardware wholesalers, total.. 
Establishments operated entire year, 

total 

With annual sales of — 

$10,000,000 and over 

$5,000,000 to $9,999,000 

$2,000,000 to $4,999,000 

$1,000,000 to $1,999,000 

$500,000 to $999,000 

$300,000 to $499,000 

$200,000 to $299,000 

$100,000 to $199,000 

$50,000 to $99,000 

Less than $50,000 

Establishments not operated entire year. 



Speciality-line hardware wholesalers, 

total 

Establlshaents operated entire year, 
total 

With annual sales of — 

$10,000,000 and over 

$5,000,000 to $9,999,000 

$2,000,000 to $4,999,000 , 

$1,000,000 to $1,999,000 

$500,000 to $999,000 , 

$300,000 to $499,000 

$200,000 to $299,000 

$100,000 to $199,000 

$50,000 to $99,000 

Less than $50,000 

Establishments not operated entire year, 



511 


236 


542 


591 


233 


899 


5 


41 


991 


14 


41 


984 


29 


40 


004 


67 


43 


803 


65 


23 


961 


58 


14 


375 


115 


16 


353 


102 


7,455 


135 


3 


953 



2,065 


2,814,584 


1,960 


2,745,516 


29 


422,655 


87 


604,964 


283 


875,585 


288 


423,825 


321 


231,432 


228 


92,536 


186 


45,535 


215 


32,226 


159 


11,925 


164 


4,822 



1,899 
1,789 



19 
68 

204 
241 
266 
417 
292 
279 



606 

602 

31 
42 
147 
134 

162 
14 
9 



612,675 
597,582 

61,811 

54,416 
90,964 

137,921 
93,865 
66,813 
62,074 
21,691 
8,027 

15,094 



1,623,987 

1,623,335 

554,039 
289,291 
445,712 
189,555 

132,341 
5,662 
2,278 

4,456 



1,531 


443,936 


1,481 


431,725 


21 


75,723 


35 


46,515 


118 


78,925 


246 


94,793 


227 


56,%5 


361 


52,812 


254 


19,638 


209 


6,349 



13.9 


26,393 


18.8 


26,020 


10.2 


2,966 


17.2 


4,356 


16.1 


3,839 


19.3 


5,108 


22.4 


2,914 


25.8 


2,219 


28.6 


2,496 


32.5 


1,334 


37.7 


788 



20.4 
20.5 



18.1 
19.4 

20.7 
21.1 
22.6 
23.2 

27.5 
34.9 

19.3 



17.6 

17.3 
15.4 
17.3 
20.0 

19.4 
16.3 
19.9 



198,955 

194,624 



10.6 


26,069 


11.5 


39,214 


13.2 


54,505 


14.4] 31,711 


14.6 


16,857 


15.1 


6,965 


18.3 


4,008 


20.0 


2,999 


25.5 


1,439 


28.7 


757 



67,868 
66,400 



5,812 
10, 156 

15,645 
10,859 
8,022 
7,562 
2,968 
1,445 

1,468 



179,255 

179,208 

59,724 
31,348 
48,494 
23,514 

14,757 
524 
244 



20.8 


47,391 


21.0 


46,838 


14.9 


5,800 


20.5 


5,307 


20.5 
21.5 
24.9 
23.1 
25.1 
27.9 


8,539 
10,519 
7,148 
6,305 
2,320 
900 



Represents zero. 



2-8 



WHOLESALE TRADE-SUMMARY STATISTICS 



Table 2A. MERCHANT WHOLESALERS: 1954-SALES SIZE OF ESTABLISHMENT-UNITED STATES, BY KIND OF 

BUSINESS-Continued 

Establishments, Sales, Operating Expense Ratio, and Payroll 



Kind of business and sales 
size of establishment 



Hardware, Plumbing-Heating Goods 
Wholesalers — Continued 
Plumbing, heating equipment, supplies 
distributors: 
General-line plumbing-heating goods dis- 
tributors , total 

Establishments operated entire year, 

total 

With annual sales of — 

$10,000,000 and over 

t5,OOO,00O to $9,999,000 

$2,000,000 to $4,999,000 

$1,000,000 to $1,999,000 

$500,000 to $999,000 

$300,000 to $499,000 

$200,000 to $299,019 

$100, OC) to $199,000 

$50,000 to $99,000 

Less than $50,000 

Establishments not operated entire year. 

Heating equipment disti-ibutors, total 

Establishments operated entire year, 

total 

With annual sales of — 

$10 ,000 ,000 and over 

$5,000,000 to $9,999,000 

$2,000,000 to $4,999,000 

$1,000,000 to $1,999,000 

$500,000 to $999,000 

$300,000 to $499,000 

$200,000 to $299,000 

$100,000 to $199,000 

$50,000 to $99,000 

heae than $50,000 

Establishments not operated entire year. 

Plumbing fixtures, supplies distributors, 

total 

Establishments operated entire year, 

total 

With annual sales of — 

$10,000,000 and over 

$5,000,000 to $9,999,000 

$2,000,000 to $4,999,000 

$1,000,000 to $1,999,000 

$500,000 to $999,000 

$300,000 to $499,000 

$200,000 to $299,000 

$100,000 to $199,000 

$50,000 to $99,000 

Less than $50,000 

Establishments not operated entire year. 

Lumber, Construction Materials Distributors 

Lumber, millwork wholesalers: 

Lumber wholesalers (without yards), total. 
Establishments operated entire year, 

total 

With annual sales of — 

$10,000,000 and over 

$5,000,000 to $9,999,000 

$2,000,000 to $4,999,000 

$1,000,000 to $1,999,000 

$500,000 to $999,000 

$300,000 to $499,000 

*200,000 to $299,000 

$100,000, to $199,000 

$50,000 to $99,000 

Less than $50,000 

Establishments not operated entire year. 

Lumber distributors (with yards), total... 
Establishments operated entire year, 

total 

With annual sales of — 

$10,000,000 and over 

$5,000,000 to $9,999,000 

$2,000,000 to $4,999,000 

$1,000,000 to $1,999,000 

$500,000 to $999,000 

$300,000 to ^99,000 

$200,000 to $299,000 

$100,000 to $199,000 

$50,000 to $99,000 

Less than $50,000 

Establishments not operated entire year. 

Millwork, plywood distributors, total 

Establishments operated entire year, 

toul 

With annual sales of — 

$10,000,000 and over 

$5,000,000 to $9,999,000 

$2,000,000 to $4,999,000 

$1,000,000 to $1,999,000 

$500,000 to $999,000 

$300,000 to $499,000 

$200,000 to $299,000 

$100,000 to $199,000 

$50,000 to $99,000 

Less than $50,000 

Establishments not operated entire year 



Estab- 
lish- 
ments 

(Number) 



($1,000) 



1,703 


1,112,178 


1,661 


1,098,515 


15 


86,091 


66 


187,706 


231 


324,662 


391 


278,270 


297 


117,589 


196 


48,409 


218 


32,883 


127 


9,612 


120 


3,293 


42 


13,663 


905 


301,516 


875 


297,305 


9 


25,550 


45 


59,415 


133 


90,535 


141 


55,804 


100 


24,979 


187 


26,856 


147 


U,048 


113 


3,118 


30 


4,211 


1,438 


916,094 


1,401 


897,260 


10 


69,928 


74 


217,924 


151 


203,002 


305 


218,158 


258 


102,144 


164 


41,068 


221 


32,494 


123 


9,563 


95 


2,979 


37 


18,834 



1,678 


1,621,685 


1,609 


1,582,898 


10 


253,940 


31 


210,882 


141 


427,811 


233 


336,654 


277 


201,605 


184 


72.716 


126 


31,247 


202 


29,497 


167 


12,071 


238 


6,475 


69 


38,787 


1,124 


1,094,408 


1,096 


1,083,913 


6 


144,375 


21 


139,963 


96 


287,188 


161 


230,151 


212 


151,829 


176 


69,559 


121 


29,525 


155 


23,660 


71 


5,493 


77 


2,170 


28 


10,495 


1,502 


1,089,849 


1,452 


1,075,674 


U 


112,409 


103 


283,797 


227 


321,496 


288 


210,678 


189 


75,079 


119 


29,518 


197 


28,913 


125 


9,204 


190 


4,580 


50 


U.175 



Operating 
experses 
( including 

payroll) 
as percent 

of sales 



16.4 


103,404 


16.5 


102,553 


14.6 


9,269 


15.4 


16,927 


15.8 


30,330 


16.8 


25,825 


17.3 


10,690 


19.7 


4,645 


20.7 


3,253 


23.1 


1,073 


32.0 


541 


14.3 


851 



Payroll, 
entire 
year 

C$1,000) 



14.7 


1,876 


17.2 


6,282 


18.7 


8,916 


19.7 


5,273 


22.3 


2,809 


22.7 


3,070 


26.7 


1,469 


31.3 


477 


22.1 


454 


15.1 


76,147 


15.2 


74,977 


lo!3 


4,183 


13.8 


17,939 


14.0 


16,334 


16.5 


19,023 


17.2 


9,005 


18.4 


3,921 


19.5 


3,066 


22.4 


1,045 


29.7 


461 


U.O 


1,170 



6.7 


50,413 


6.6 


49,501 


3.0 


5,250 


3.9 


4,159 


4.6 


9,197 


7.3 


11,581 


9.7 


8,472 


13.2 


3,620 


14.5 


2,021 


21.0 


2,725 


24.4 


1,437 


30.5 


1,039 


8.7 


912 


12.5 


74,710 


L2.5 


73,819 


7.4 


6,040 


6.8 


5,613 


10.9 


17,487 


13.5 


17,300 


16.5 


13,051 


19.8 


7,121 


22.1 


3,080 


23.2 


2,826 


29.7 


905 


31.6 


396 


15.0 


891 


14.9 


91,317 


14.9 


90,367 


10.5 


7,051 


13.7 


22,796 


14.7 


27,208 


15.9 


17,936 


15.9 


6,544 


19.5 


2,968 


25.0 


3,70C 


27.2 


1,3U 


34.0 


85C 


12.7 


950 



Kind of business and Bales 
size of establishment 



Estab- 
lish- 
ment 



(Number) 



Lumber, Construction Materials 
Distributors — Continued 

Construction materials distributors: 

Brick, tile distributors, total 

Establishments operated entire year, 

total 

With annual sales of — 

$10,000,000 and over 

$5,000,000 to $9,999,000 

$2,000,000 to $4,999,000 

$1,000,000 to $1,999,000 

$500,000 to $999,000 

$300,000 to $499,000 

$200,000 to $299,000 

$100,000 to $199,000 

$50,000 to $99,000 

Less than $50,000 

Establishments not operated entire year. 

Cement, lime, plaster wholesalers , otal.. 
Establishments operated entire year, 

total 

With annual sales of^ 

$10,000,000 and over 

$5,000,000 to $9,999,000 

$2,000,000 to $4,999,000 

$1,000,000 to $1,999,000 

$500,000 to $999,000 

$300,000 to $499,000 

$200,000 to $299,000 

$100,000 to $199,000 

$50,000 to $99,000 

Less than $50,000 

Establishments not operated entire yearTi 



Glass (building) distributors, total 

Establishments operated entire year, 

total 

With annual sales of — 

$10,000,000 and over 

$5,000,000 to $9,999,000 

$2,000,000 to $4,999,000 

$1,000,000 to $1,999,000 

$500,000 to $999,000 

$300,000 to $499,000 

$200,000 to $299,000 

$100,000 to $199,000 

$50,000 to $99,000 

Less than $50,000 

Establishments not operated entire year, 



Ready-mixed concrete distributors, total.. 
Establishments operated entire year, 

total 

With annual sales of — 

$10,000,000 and over 

$5,000,000 to $9,999,000 

$2,000,000 to $4,999,000 

$1,000,000 to $1,999,000 

$500,000 to $999,000 

$300,000 to $499,000 

$200,000 to $299,000 

$100,000 to $199,000 

$50,000 to $99,000 

Less tnan $5u,000 * 

Establishments not operated entire year . 

Roofing, aiding, insulation materials dis- 
tributors , total 

Establishments operated entire year, 

total 

With annual sales of — 

$10,000,000 and over 

$5,000,000 to $9,999,000 

$2,000,000 to $4,999,000 

$1,000,000 to $1,999,000 

$500,000 to $999,000 

$300,000 to $499,000 

$200,000 to $299,000 

$100,000 to $199,000 

$50,000 to $99,000 

Use than $50,000 

Establishments not operated entire year. 

Sand, gravel, crushed stone distributors, 

total 

Establishments operated entire year, 

total 

With annual sales of — 

$10,000,000 and over 

$5,000,000 to $9,999,000 

$2,000,000 to $4,999,000 

$1,000,000 to $1,999,000 

$500,000 to $999,000 

$300,000 to $499,000 

$200,000 to $299,000 

$100,000 to $199,000 

$50,000 to $99,000 

Less than $50,000 

Establishments not operated entire year. 



492 

470 



183 
173 



574 
559 



83 
64 
63 
102 



1,996 
1,845 



50 
188 
302 
288 
221 
382 
254 
151 
151 



697 
662 



16 
86 
170 
138 
69 
87 
49 
43 
35 



597 
574 



13 
29 
28 
39 
83 
121 
257 
23 



($1,000) 



Operating 

expenses 

(including 

payroll) 
as percent 

of sales 



242,766 
233,376 



45,103 

58,398 

68,148 

37,046 

12,460 

12,282 

3,615 

1,324 

4,390 



75,985 
74,340 



10,704 

16,106 

22 ,932 

11,036 

5,953 

5,718 

1,381 

510 

1,645 



251,273 
247,935 

65,849 

59,789 

57,629 

24,958 

15,480 

14,817 

6,355 

3,058 

3,338 

998,370 
972,741 

104,980 

149,113 

261,054 

209,900 

113,854 

54,130 

55,871 

19,100 

4,739 

25,629 

447,723 
439,125 

62,859 

47,667 

117,373 

120,424 

55,639 

16,392 

13,218 

3,854 

1,199 

8,598 



105 ,039 
96,494 



9,662 
19,228 
19,728 
11,506 
9,729 
12,449 
8,197 
5,995 
8,545 



17.7 
17.7 



15.1 

15.9 
17.2 
20.4 
21.1 
23.9 
24.9 
33.0 
16.9 



21.2 
21.1 



U.S 

21.1 
21.8 
22.1 
25.7 
26.6 
27.7 
32.7 
27.4 



24.6 

24.8 

13.1 

25.6 
23.0 
31.7 
32.0 
34.4 
37.0 
32.4 
15.0 

31.6 
31.5 

25.9 

27.9 
29.5 
33.1 
36.2 
37.6 
36.5 
38.3 
40.1 
33.9 

12.6 
12.6 

6.5 

11.4 
13.1 
13.5 
14.4 
13.9 
20.4 
21.7 
32.2 
13.8 



31.0 
32.0 



23.3 
19.9 
34.7 
33.0 
35.2 
38.6 
43.4 
40.0 
19.0 



Payroll, 
entire 
year 

($1,000) 



21,042 
20,627 



3,746 

4,881 

5,427 

3,203 

1,317 

1,377 

444 

232 

415 

8,101 
7,849 



524 

1,990 

2,384 

1,112 

832 

762 

164 

81 

252 



37,799 
37,517 

5,024 

9,831 
9,910 
4,953 
2,902 
3,069 
1,3U 
514 
282 

153,547 
U9,825 

15,697 

22,206 

37.159 

32,555 

19,368 

9,091 

9,693 

3,111 

945 

3,722 

30,289 
29,807 

1,837 

3,363 

8,663 

8,633 

4,229 

1,218 

1,240 

381 

238 

482 



16,943 
15 ,935 



1,336 
2,184 
3,325 
1,679 
1,716 
2,582 
1,852 
1,261 
1,008 



Represents zero. 



SIZE OF ESTABLISHMENT OR FIRM 



2-9 



Table 2A. MERCHANT WHOLESALERS; 



1954-SALES SIZE OF ESTABLISHMENT-UNITED STATES, 
BUSINESS-Continued 



BY Kir^ID OF 



Establishments. Sales, Operating Expense Ratio, and Payroll 



Kind of business and sales 

slee of establishment 



Estab- 
llah- 
ments 

(ttuB^er} 



($1,000) 



Operatljig 
expenses 

(including 
payroll) 

as percent 
of sales 



Payroll, 
entire 
year 

($1,000) 



Kind of business and sales 
size of establishrcnt 



Estab- 
lish 
ments 

(Number) 



(tl,000) 



Operating 

expensue 

(including 

payroll) 
as percent 

of sales 



Payrol 1 , 
entire 
year 

(81,000) 



Lumber, Construction Materials 
Distributors— Continued 

Construction materials distributors— Con. 
Other construction materials, distributors, 

total 

Establishments operated entire year, 

total 

With annual sales of— 

$10,000,000 and over 

$5,000,000 to $9,999,000 

$2,000,000 to $4,999,000 

$1,000,000 to $1,999,000 

$500,000 to $999,000 

$300,000 to $499,000 

$200,000 to $299,000 

$100,000 to $199,000 

$50,000 t- $99,000 

Less tfc $50,000 

Establishments not operated entire year. . 

Machinery, Bjulpnent, Supplies Distributors 

Air cooditiooing, ccamierclal refrigeration 

equipnent distributors, total 

^tablishments operated entire year, 

total 

With annual sales of— 

$10,000,000 and over 

$5,000,000 to $9,999,000 

$2,000, POO to $4,999,000 

$1,000,000 to $1,999,000 

$500,000 to $999,000 

$300,000 to $499,000 

$200,000 to $299,000 

$100,000 to $199,000 

f50,0CC to $99,000 

Less than $50,000 

Establl3hDf"".t3 not operated entire year.. 

Canaaerclal mt. ; bines equipnient distributora: 
Office mact'.nes, equlpnent distributors, 

total 

Establishments operated entire year, 

total 

With anmial sales of — 

$10,000,000 and over 

$5,000,000 to $9,999,000 

$2,000,000 to $4,999,000 

$1,000,000 to $1,999,000 

$500,000 to $999,000 

$300,000 to $499,000 

$200,000 to $299,000 

$100,000 to $199,000 

$50,000 to $99,000 

Less than $50,000 

Establishments not operated entire year,. 

Restaurant, notel supply hoxtses (prin- 
cipally nonfood), total 

Establishments operated entire year, total. 
With annual sales of — 

$10,000,000 and over 

$5,000,000 to $9,999,000 

$2,000,000 to $4,999,000 

$1,000,000 to $1,999,000 

$500,000 to $999,000 

$300,000 to $499,000 

$200,000 to $299,000 

$100,000 to $199,000 

$50,000 to $99,000 , 

Lees than $50,000 

EstabllshmentB not operated entire year.. 

Store oachines, fixtures distributors, 

total 

Establishmente operated entire year, 

total 

With annual sales of— 

$10,000,000 and over 

$5,000,000 to $9,999,000 

$2,000,000 to $4,999,000 

$1,000,000 to $1,999,000 

$500,000 to $999,000 

?300,000 to $499,000 

$200,000 to $299,000 

$100,000 to $199,000 

$50,000 to $99,000 

Less than $50,000 

Establishments not operated entire year,. 

Other comnerclal machines, equipment dis- 
tributors, total 

Establishments operated entire year, 

total 

With wnmifll sales of — 

$10,000,000 and over 

$5,000,000 to $9,999,000 

$2,000,000 to $4,999,000 

$1,000,000 to $1,999,000 

$500,000 to $999,000 

$300,000 to $499,000 

$200,000 to $299,000 

$100,000 to $199,000 

$50,000 to $99,000 

Less than $50,000 

Establishments not operated entire year.. 



1,471 


659,109 


1,384 


642,110 


7 


54,456 


30 


84,073 


132 


180,940 


208 


M9,947 


187 


72,152 


179 


43,989 


233 


34,674 


221 


16,786 


167 


5,093 


87 


16,999 


1,860 


'.84,070 


1,778 


469,654 



56 
151 
227 
236 
395 
329 
372 

82 



1,421 
1,356 



10 


13,016 


34 


22,366 


57 


21,491 


84 


20,159 


250 


35,025 


380 


26,729 


534 


15,443 


65 


10,829 


571 


159,253 


560 


158,021 



46,851 

76,959 
106,939 
88,492 
57,234 
57,430 
24,735 
11,014 
U,416 



186,631 
175,802 



28,657 



19 


22,505 


49 


34,202 


65 


24,897 


62 


15,617 


143 


20,566 


111 


8,358 


103 


3,219 


11 


1,232 


1,087 


276,953 


1,040 


271,054 


"lO 


25,891 


49 


65,238 


74 


52,852 


132 


50,949 


103 


24,855 


204 


29,079 


200 


U,486 


268 


7,704 


47 


5,899 


140 


37,288 


1J6 


36,525 


3 


12,444 


3 


3,846 


7 


5,279 


U 


5,703 


6 


1,436 


31 


4,482 


27 


1,997 


45 


1,338 


4 


763 



19.7 


69,422 


19.7 


67,620 


17.5 


5,374 


15.5 


6,878 


18.5 


18,469 


19.7 


15,571 


22.3 


8,485 


20.1 


4,694 


27.3 


4,984 


27.8 


2,233 


34.5 


927 


20.8 


1,802 


23.7 


63,298 


23.8 


61,552 



19.7 


8,686 


23.4 


13,846 


25.0 


12,104 


26.1 


8,095 


28.7 


8,740 


30.1 


3,747 


33.0 


1,822 


22.9 


1,746 


31.5 


32,625 


32.5 


31,512 



29.5 


2,061 


34.3 


4,165 


31.8 


3,809 


34.0 


3,933 


32.0 


6,372 


35.0 


4,929 


35.4 


2,920 


15.5 


1,113 


23.7 


20,412 


23.7 


20,260 



20.3 

22.7 
24.1 
24.7 
24.8 
24.9 
25.6 
30.1 
27.6 



22.2 

22.3 



20.6 
20.4 
19.7 
22.8 
22.9 
25.0 
30.0 
33.7 
17.3 

24.6 
24.1 



21.6 

17.1 
20.9 
27.7 
31.1 
27.4 
29.4 
38.3 
47.2 



3,7U 

2,913 

4,291 

3,425 

2,159 

2,398 

945 

415 

152 



31,738 
31,215 



2,177 
7,572 
5,845 
6,089 
2,675 
3,547 
2,082 
1,228 
523 

4,462 
4,272 



1,248 
257 
645 

704 
240 
677 
272 
229 
190 



Machinery, Bjulpnent, Suppliea 
Distributors — Continued 

Construction nachlnery equipinent dealers, total 
Establlshr ;nts operated entire year, 
total 

With annual sales of — 
$10,000,000 and over..,. 
55,000,000 to $9,999,000 
$2,000,000 to $4,999,000 
51,000,000 to $1,999,000 
$500,000 to $999,000 
♦300,000 to $499,000 



^200,000 to $299,000 

$100,000 to $199,000 

$50,000 to $99,000 

Less than $50,000 

Establishments not operated entire year 

Fann-garden machinery, equlpnent uholeaalerj; 
Garden machinery, equipment wholesalers, 

total 

Establishments operated entire year, 

total 

With annual Bales of — 

$10,000,000 and over 

$5,000,000 to $9,999,000 

$2,000,000 to $4,999,000 

$1,000,000 to $1,999,000 

$500,000 to $999,000 

$300,000 to $499,000 

$200,000 to $299,000 

$100,000 to $199,000 

$50,000 to $99,000 

Less thsn $50,000 

Establishments not operated entire year. 

Farm, dairy machinery equipment (includ- 
ing tractors) wholesalers, total 

Establishments operated entire year, 

total 

With annual aales of— 

$10,000,000 and over 

$5,000,000 to $9,999,000 

$2,000,000 to $4,999,000 

$1,000,000 to $1,999,000 

$500,000 to $999,000 

$300,000 to $499,000 

$200,000 to $299,000 

$100,000 to $199,000 

$50,000 to $99,000 

Less than $50,000 

Establishments not operated entire year. 

Ind'.strial machinery, equipment distributors: 
Food processing machinery, equipment dis- 
tributors, total 

Establishments operated entire year, 

total 

With annual sales of— 

$10,000,000 and over 

$5,000,000 to $9,999,000 

$2,000,000 to $4,999,000 

$1,000,000 to $1,999,000 

$500,000 to $999,000 

$300,000 to $499,000 

$200,000 to $299,000 

$100,000 to $199,000 

$50,000 to $99,000 

Less than $50,000 

Eatablisfaments not operated entire year. 

Ge eral-purpose industrial machinery, 

equipment distributors, total 

Establishments operated entire year, 

total. 

With annual sales of^ 

$10,000,000 and over 

$5,000,000 to $9,999,000 

$2,000,000 to $4,999,000.... 

$1,000,000 to $1,999,000 

$500,000 to $999,000 

$300,000 to $499,000 

$200,000 to $299,000 

$100,000 to $199,000 

$50,000 to $99,000 

Less than $50,000 

Establishments not operated entire year. 

Metalworking machinery, equipment 

dealers , total 

Establishments operated entire year, 

total 

With annual sales of — 

$10,000,000 and over 

$5,000,000 to $9,999,000 

$2,000,000 to $4,999,000 

$1,000,000 to $1,999,000 

$500,000 to $999,000 

$300,000 to $499,000 

$200,000 to $299,000 

$100,000 to $199,000 

$50,000 to $99,000 

Leas than $50,000 

Establishments not operated entire year. 



I,o40 


1,401,359 


l.':79 


',386,892 


26 


173,363 


151 


458,755 


275 


380,703 


297 


212,376 


196 


78,109 


153 


37,888 


209 


31,301 


139 


10,324 


133 


3,573 


61 


U,467 


233 


78,736 


227 


76,129 



879 
849 



45 
56 
110 
103 
104 
188 
120 
116 
30 



31,457 

17,196 
10,387 
7,530 
7,065 
3,U2 
1,352 
607 



455,643 
445,350 



42,993 
136,805 
80,831 
79,324 
39,506 
26,561 
27, lU 
8,960 
3,256 
10,293 



367 


163,405 


354 


162,243 


5 


34,519 


8 


19,381 


29 


40,508 


34 


24,327 


48 


17,763 


40 


9,947 


62 


9,022 


69 


5,118 


59 


1,658 


13 


1,162 


1,379 


498,625 


1,329 


484,855 


6 


40,580 


20 


60,261 


69 


93,621 


159 


112,599 


183 


71,638 


163 


40,791 


301 


43,085 


223 


16,724 


205 


5,556 


50 


13,770 


914 


484,490 


888 


480,270 


3 


41,770 


10 


65,181 


37 


112,482 


60 


80,849 


96 


67,954 


112 


44,064 


115 


28,704 


130 


25,418 


133 


9,9U 


142 


3,934 


26 


4,220 



l'i.2 


150,469 


19.1 


U8,767 


16.2 


17,368 


17.9 


46,328 


18.8 


40, BU 


20.6 


24,186 


22.1 


8,727 


25.2 


4,607 


28.1 


4,141 


28.4 


1,423 


37.1 


673 


22.4 


1,702 


19.9 


8,416 


19.8 


8,283 



16.0 

20.4 
20.8 
24.9 
25.5 
23.3 
26.6 
31.1 



16.3 
16.4 



10.4 
13.6 
16.2 
18.0 
20.2 
21.0 
22.1 
24.0 
29.8 
10.4 



3,171 

1,830 
1,032 
878 
864 
342 
166 
133 



37,610 
37,063 



2,545 

10,122 

7,044 

-,863 

3,959 

2,543 

2,615 

887 

485 

547 



16.0 


12,778 


15.9 


12,652 


9.9 


1,337 


13.3 


1,339 


13.6 


2,995 


19.6 


1,959 


18.9 


1,539 


20.6 


976 


23.8 


965 


28.4 


721 


34.3 


271 


27.9 


126 


20.8 


56,621 


21.0 


55,598 


u:6 


3,012 


16.1 


5,660 


16.1 


8,844 


22.2 


13,247 


23.7 


9,393 


24.6 


5,421 


27.5 


6,255 


31.2 


2, 524 


36.9 


1,U2 


13.7 


1,023 


15.0 


39,150 


15.0 


38,710 


5.2 


757 


8.3 


3,248 


10.1 


7,403 


16.0 


7,678 


18.3 


6,336 


22.9 


5,018 


22.2 


3,299 


26.1 


3,054 


28.1 


1,241 


35.9 


676 


20.2 


440 



Represents zero. 



2-10 



WHOLESALE TRADE-SUMMARY STATISTICS 



Table 2A. MERCHANT WHOLESALERS: 



1954-SALES SIZE OF ESTABLISHMENT-UNITED STATES, BY KIND OF 
BUSINESS-Continued 



Establishments, Sales. Operating Expense Ratio, and Payroll 



Kind of business and sales 
size of establishment 



Estab- 
lish- 
ments 

(Number) 



Sales 
(Si, 000) 



Operating 
expenses 

( including 
payroll) 

as percent 
of sales 



Payroll , 
entire 



{ei.ooo) 



Kind of business and sales 
size of establishment 



Estab- 
lish- 
ments 

(Number) 



Sales 
(tl.OOO) 



Operating 



(including 
payroll) 

aa percent 
of soles 



Payroll , 
entire 
year 

($1,000) 



Machinery, Equipment, Supplies 
D is tributora— Cont inued 

Industrial machinery equipment distribu- 
tors — C ont inued 

Oil well supply houses, total 

Establistoents operated entire year, 

total 

With annual sales of — 

$10,000,000 and over 

$5,000,000 to $9,999,000 

$2,000,000 to $4,999,000 

$1,000,000 to $1,999,000 

$500,000 to $999,000 

$300,000 to £499,000 

$200,000 to $2yy,oou 

$100,000 to $199,000 

$50,000 to $99,000 

Less than $50,000 

Establishments not operated entire year. 

Printing machineiy, equipment distribu- 
tors, total 

Establishments operated entire year, 
total 

With annual sales of — 

$10,000,000 and over 

$5,000,000 to $9,999,000 

$2,000,000 to $4,999,000 

$1,000,000 to $1,999,000 

$500,000 to $999,000 

$300,000 to $499,000 

$200,000 to $299,000 

$100,000 to $199,000 

$50,000 to $99,000 

Less than $50,000 

Establishments not operated entire year. 

Used machinery dealers , total 

Establishments operated entire year, 

total 

With annual sales of — 

$10,000,000 and over 

$5,000,000 to $9,999,000 

$2,000,000 to $4,999,000 

$1,000,000 to $1,999,000 

$500,000 to $999,000 

$300,000 to $499,000 

$200,000 to $299,000 

$100,000 to $199,000 

$50,000 to $99,000 

Less than $50,000 

Establishments not operated entire year. 

Other industrial machinery, equipment 

distributers , total 

Establishments operated entire year, 

total 

With annual sales of — 

$10,000,000 and over 

$5,000,000 to $9,999,000 

$2,000,000 to $4,999,000 

$1,000,000 tc $1,999,000 

$500,000 to $999,000 

$300,000 to $499,000 

$200,000 to $299,000 

$100,000 to $199,000 

$50,000 to $99,000 

Lobs than $50,000 

Establishments not operated entire year. 

Industrial materials, supplies distributors: 
Abrasives, abrasive materials distribu- 
tors , total 

Establishments operated entire year, 

total 

With annual sales of — 

$10,000,000 and over 

$5,000,000 to $9,999,000 

$2,000,000 to $4,999,000 

$1,000,000 to $1,999,000 

$500,000 to $999,000 

$300,000 to $499,000 

$200,000 to $299,000 

$100,000 to $199,000 

$50,000 to $99,000 

Leas than $50,000 

Establishments' not operated entire year. 

Mechanical power transmission equipment 

distributors , total 

Establiahnents operateu entire year, 

total 

With annxial sales of— 

$10,000,000 and over 

$5,000,000 to $9,999,000 

$2,000,000 to $4,999,000 

$1,000,000 to $1,999,000 

$500,000 to $999,000 

$300,000 to $499,000 

$200,000 to $299,000 , 

$100,000 to gl99,000 

$50,000 to $99,000 

Less than $50,000 , 

Establishments not operated entire year 

(D) Wltheld to avoid disclosure. 



1,208 


9W,*79 


1,155 


896,332 


17 


l.M.,734 


69 


200,833 


179 


2i5,983 


233 


172,129 


177 


71,000 


111 


27,6*7 


163 


24,275 


102 


7,788 


lOi 


2,«3 


53 


17,647 


210 


64,820 


205 


64,077 



18,481 



6 


8,156 


21 


13,761 


20 


8,009 


22 


5,353 


43 


6,334 


33 


2,469 


55 


1,514 


5 


743 


245 


31,272 


236 


30,348 



10 


3,830 


16 


4,171 


48 


6,532 


67 


4,504 


84 


2,367 


9 


924 


1,423 


461,895 


1,365 


452,549 


5 


45,177 


27 


82,980 


50 


74.040 


117 


82,430 


171 


66,268 


141 


34,509 


272 


38,693 


270 


19,691 


312 


8,761 


58 


9,346 


141 


77,400 


138 


77,119 



20 


25,455 


14 


10,243 


22 


8,768 


16 


3,846 


23 


3,171 


19 


1,318 


18 


543 


3 


281 


335 


113,349 


318 


111,342 



49 


32,409 


65 


25,450 


60 


14,748 


65 


9,831 


41 


3,024 


22 


741 


17 


2,007 


Represent 


s zero 



9.6 


39,059 


9.5 


37 ,779 


6.5 


3,284 


6.8 


5,668 


8.1 


9,000 


9.8 


7,351 


15.5 


5,420 


18.6 


2,595 


23.7 


2,818 


30.4 


1,214 


34.5 


429 


15.3 


1,280 


27.2 


8,921 


27.2 


8,799 



2,680 



19.4 


724 


26.4 


1,689 


27.5 


1,143 


29.5 


820 


31.1 


1,031 


30.2 


386 


33.0 


326 


28.9 


122 


31.3 


4,309 


31.5 


4,223 



1,312 



32.0 


601 


25.0 


486 


28.8 


758 


35.1 


642 


39.9 


424 


26.3 


86 


20.6 


48,999 


20.6 


48,293 


16.8 


4,708 


16.0 


5,705 


17.8 


7,205 


19.2 


8,486 


23.8 


8,054 


24.4 


4,306 


27.6 


5,501 


29.3 


2,910 


31.9 


1,418 


18.3 


706 


19.2 


8,377 


19.2 


8,359 



20.7 


3,395 


20.3 


1,004 


22.0 


1,007 


23.2 


434 


22.1 


288 


28.5 


175 


34.8 


87 


18.1 


18 


23.7 


15,053 


23.6 


14,753 



23.5 


4,345 


22.0 


2,866 


25.3 


1,891 


25.4 


1,276 


27.0 


422 


33.1 


140 


25.7 


30O 



Machinery, Equipment, Supplies 
Di 3 tr Ibut or s ^^ont inued 
Industrial materials, supplies dlstrlb- 
t or s — Cont Inued 
Mechanical rubber goods distributors, 

total 

Establishments operated entire year, 

total 

With nnnufi J sales of — 

$10,000,000 and over 

$5,000,000 to $9,999,000 

$2,000,000 to $4,999,000 

$1,000,000 to $1,999,000 

$500,000 zo $999,000 

$300,000 to $499,000 

$200,000 to $299,000 

$100,000 to $199,000 

$50,000 to $99,000 

Less than $50,000 

Establishments not operated entire year 

Rope, cordage distributors, total 

Establishments operated entire year, 

total 

With annual sales of— 

$10,000,000 and over 

$5,000,000 to $9,999,000 

$2,000,000 to $4,999,000 

$1,000,000 to $1,999,000 

$500,000 to $999,000 

$300,000 to $499,000 

$200,000 to $299,000 

$100,000 to $199,000 

$50,000 to $99.000 

bess than $50,000 

Establishments not operated entire year 

Valv es, fit tings (except plumbing) dis- 
tributors, total 

\Establishments opera^Ee3~ehtlre yelrj 
total 

With nriTniql SaleS of — 

$10,000,000 and over 

$5,000,000 to $9,999,000 

$2,000,000 to $4,999.000 

$1,000,000 to $1,999,000 

$500,000 to $999,000 

$300,000 to $499,000 

$200,000 to $299,000 

$100,000 to $199,000 

$50,000 to $99,000 

Less than $50,000 

Establishments not operated entire year' 

Reconditioned drum, barrel distributors, 

total 

Establishments operated entire year, 

total 

With nnmiftl sales of — 

$10,000,000 and over 

$5,000,000 to $9,999,000 

$2,000,000 to $4,999,000 

$1,000,000 to $1,999,000 

$500,000 to $999,000 

$300,000 to $499,000 

$200,000 to $299,000 

$100,000 to $199,000 

$50,000 to $99,000 

Less than $50,000 

Establishments not operated entire year 

Other Industrial materials, supplies dis- 
tributors, total 

Establishments operated entire year, 

total 

With annual sales of— 

$10,000,000 and over 

$5,000,000 to $9,999.000 

$2,000,000 to $4,999,000 

$1,000,000 to $1,999,000 

$500,000 to $999,000 

$300,000 to $499,000 

$200,000 to $299,000 

$100,000 to $199,000 

$50,000 to $99,000 

Less than $50.000 

Establishments not operated entire year 

Professional equipment, supplies 
distributors: 

Dental supply houses, total ■• 

Establishmentg operated entire year, 

total 

With annual sales of— 

$10,000,000 and over 

$5,000,000 to $9,999,000 

$2,000,000 to $4,999,000 

$1,000,000 to $1,999,000 

$500,000 to $999,000 

$300,000 to $499,000 

$200,000 tc $299,000 

$100,000 to $199,000 

$50,000 to $99,000 

Less than 450,000 

Establlahmenta not operated entire year 



280 


100,031 


273 


98,231 


3 


8,516 


15 


20,606 


47 


32,455 


38 


14,800 


38 


9,072 


57 


8,454 


41 


3,291 


34 


1,037 


7 


1,800 


117 


94,120 



(D) 



10 


15,205 


26 


20,508 


20 


7,803 


14 


3,464 


18 


2,722 


10 


861 


9 


(D) 


2 


(D) 


214 


139,320 


203 


138,562 


"16 


53,924 


17 


27,041 


43 


32,045 


35 


13,681 


19 


4,629 


36 


5,229 


22 


1,676 


15 


337 


U 


758 


372 


65,360 


366 


54,167 



14 


17,996 


14 


9,296 


25 


9,494 


36 


8,779 


62 


8,750 


92 


6,598 


123 


3,254 


6 


1,193 



1,420,160 
1,390,029 



4 


68,112 


16 


105,491 


102 


306,286 


234 


325,157 


340 


243, U6 


355 


137,447 


300 


74,529 


569 


83,527 


459 


33,973 


4?!' 


12,391 


98 


30,131 


502 


124,125 


493 


123,599 



19 


24,241 


46 


31,390 


66 


24,950 


62 


15,330 


123 


18,280 


90 


6,425 


87 


2.483 


9 


526 



23.8 


13,467 


23.8 


13,246 


23.0 


918 


20.4 


2,539 


24.4 


4,561 


23.8 


2,270 


24.2 


1,206 


28.1 


1,188 


25.2 


398 


32.5 


166 


23.9 


221 



(D) 



(D) 



12.0 


866 


11.5 


1,258 


16.0 


681 


18.2 


313 


16.1 


198 


24.3 


96 


(Dl 


(D) 


ID) 


(D) 


19.5 


15,473 


19.5 


15,404 


18.0 


5,943 


19.5 


3,263 


20.5 


3,318 


19.9 


1,512 


19.3 


462 


23.9 


627 


29.6 


208 


40.9 


71 


22.8 


69 


36.6 


14, U9 


36.9 


13,979 



35.6 


3,858 


37.9 


2,090 


36.3 


2,082 


36.7 


1,859 


39.8 


2,174 


37.0 


1,335 


34.4 


581 


22.5 


140 


19.4 


160,258 


19.6 


158,329 


17.8 


8,164 


16.9 


U,549 


16.9 


32,482 


18.4 


35,592 


20.3 


28,276 


21.1 


15,745 


22.4 


8,834 


25.4 


10,754 


27.9 


4,580 


35.6 


2,353 


12.6 


1,929 


26.0 


17,906 


26.0 


17,868 



24.1 


3,029 


26.4 


4,970 


27.0 


3,947 


27.4 


2,427 


25.3 


2,466 


24.9 


670 


28.9 


359 


31.7 


38 



SIZE OF ESTABLISHMENT OR FIRM 



2-11 



Table 2A. MERCHANT WHOLESALERS 

Establishments, Sales. Operating Expense Ratio, and Payroll 



1954-SALES SIZE OF ESTABLISHMENT-UNITED STATES, BY KIND OF 
BUSINESS-Continued 



Kind of business and sales 
size of establishment 



Estab- 

llflh- 
menta 

(Number) 



(ti.ooo) 



Operating 



( including 
payroll) 

as percent 
of aales 



Payroll, 
entire 
year 

($1,000) 



Kind of business and sciLea 
size of establiahnient 



Estab- 
lish- 
ments 

(Number) 



(gl.OOO) 



Operating 

expenses 
(including 

payroll) 
as percent 

of sales 



Psyroll , 
entire 
year 

($1,000) 



Machinery, BiuipBient, Supplies 
Distributors — Continued 

Professional equipinent, supplies distribu- 
tors^C ont inued 

Religious supply houses, total 

Establishments operated entire year, 

total 

With annual sales of— 

$10,000,000 and over 

$5,000,000 to $9.999,000 

$2,000,000 to $^,999, 000 

$1,000,000 to $1,999,000 

$500,000 to $999,000 

$300,000 to $499,000 

$200,000 to $299,000 

$100,000 to $199,000 

$50,000 to $99,000 

Less than $50,000 

Establishments not operated entire year. 

School supply houses, total 

Establishments operated entire year, 

total 

With annual sales of— 

$10,000,000 and over 

$5,000,000 to $9,999,000 

$2,000,000 to $4,999,000 

$1,000,000 to $1,999,000 

$500,000 to $999,000 

$300,000 to $499,000 

$200,000 to $299,000 

$100,000 to $199,000 

$50,000 to $99,000 

Less than $50,000 

Establishments not operated entire year. 

Surgical, medical, hospital supply houses, 

total 

Establishments operated entire year, 

total 

With annual sales of — 

$10,000,000 and over 

$5,000,000 to $9,999,000 

$2,000,000 to $4,999,000 , 

$1,000,000 to $1,999,000 , 

$500,000 to $999,000 , 

$300,000 to $499,000 , 

$200,000 to $299,000 , 

$100,000 to $199,000 , 

$50,000 to $99,000 , 

Less than $50,000 

Establishments not operated entire year, 

Optical goods wholesalers, total.......... 

Establishments operated entire year, 

total 

With annual sales of— 

$10,000,000 and over 

$5,000,000 to $9,999,000.,, 

$2,000,000 to $4,999,000 

$1,000,000 to $1,999,000 

$500,000 to $999,000 

$300,000 to $499,000 

^00,000 to $299,000 

$100,000 to $199,000 

$50,000 to $99,000 

Less than $50,000 

Establishments not operated entire year 



Other professional supplies distributors, 

total 

Establishments operated entire year, 

total 

With annual sales of — 

$10,000,000 and over 

$5,000,000 to $9,999,000 

$2,000,000 to $4,999,000 

$1,000,000 to $1,999,000 

$500,000 to $999,000 

$300,000 to $499,000 

$200,000 to $299,000 

$100,000 to $199,000 

$50,000 to $99,000 

Less than $50,000 

Establishments not operated entire year. 

Service establishment supply houses: 

Beauty, barber supply houses, total 

Establishments operated entire year, 

total 

With nnn"f«'' sales of— 

$10,000,000 and over 

$5,000,000 to $9,999,000 

$2,000,000 to $4,999,000 , 

$1,000,000 to $1,999,000 , 

$500,000 to $999,000 , 

$300,000 to $499,000 , 

$200,000 to $299,000 , 

$100,000 to $199,000 , 

$50,000 to $99,000 , 

Less than $50,000 

Establishments not operated entire year. 

(D) Withheld to avoid disclosure. 



134 

133 



800 
777 



14 
52 
103 
100 
100 
134 
121 
149 
23 



31 


19,233 


67 


24,338 


69 


17,584 


198 


27,550 


200 


14,476 


U6 


4,425 


23 


2,964 



31,582 

(D) 



7 


4,822 


12 


4,528 


17 


4,024 


19 


2,724 


16 


2,545 


35 


(D) 


1 


(D) 



96,321 
95,756 



22,887 

19,085 

22,580 

11,770 

7,7U 

7,664 

3,065 

991 

565 

321,489 
319,266 

33,521 

46,355 
69,517 
73,078 
38,592 
25,423 
20,116 

8,841 
.3,823 

2,223 

126,966 



16,396 



479 


152,670 


461 


147,483 


3 


21,094 


10 


29,989 


25 


33,298 


22 


15,132 


3r> 


13,917 


36 


8,908 


107 


15,217 


79 


5,920 


U3 


4,008 


18 


5,187 


898 


U0,561 


870 


137,607 



9 


12,832 


26 


16,630 


67 


25,604 


111 


26,873 


240 


34,991 


192 


13,934 


225 


6,743 


28 


2,954 



31.5 

(D) 



23.7 
27.6 
33.1 
25.4 
22.8 
(D) 
O) 
22.8 



34.9 


4,856 


33.7 


5,396 


36.3 


4,070 


37.6 


6,796 


42.2 


3,948 


41.6 


1,171 


26.4 


438 



4,616 

(D) 



635 
6iA- 
664 
364 
290 
(D) 
(D) 

12,337 



24.7 


3,331 


20.6 


2,245 


21.5 


2,917 


23.3 


1,572 


23.1 


915 


24.0 


843 


22.3 


328 


29.6 


116 


26.5 


70 


22.3 


40,880 


22.3 


40,596 


21.4 


3,812 


20.6 


5,480 


21.2 


9,317 


21.4 


9,502 


21.7 


4,668 


25.6 


3,411 


25.1 


2,463 


31.1 


1,322 


33.6 


601 


23.4 


284 



29,220 
28,782 



26.8 


22,694 


27.2 


22,279 


32 is 


3,883 


27.9 


4,418 


23.6 


4,759 


26.1 


2,359 


23.7 


1,839 


26.8 


1,131 


28.5 


2,365 


30.1 


946 


31.4 


579 


16.3 


415 


29.3 


22,139 


29.2 


21,559 



26.4 


1,713 


28.9 


3,033 


28.8 


4,317 


29.8 


4,408 


30.9 


5,550 


27.5 


1,7U 


29.8 


824 


34.0 


580 



Machinery, Bluipment, Supplies 
Distributors— Continued 

Service estnblishffients suDplv houses — Con. 

Janitors' supply houses, total 

Establishments operated entire year, 

total 

With annual sales or — 

^10,000,000 and over , 

$5,000,000 to 59,999,000 , 

52,000,000 to K, 999, 000 

51,000,000 to $1,999,000 

6500,000 to $999,000 

$300,000 to $499,000 

$200,000 to $299,000 

$100,000 to $199,000 

$50,000 to $99,000 

Less than $50,000 

Establishments not operated entire year 



Laundry, dry cleaning supply houses, total 
Establishments operated entire year, 

total 

With annual sales of — 

$10,000,000 and over 

$5,000,000 to $9,999,000 

$2,000,000 to $4,999,000 

$1,000,000 to $1,999,000 

$500,000 to $999,000 

$300,000 to $499,000 

$200,000 to $299,000 

$100,000 to $199,000 

$50,000 to $99,000 

Less than $50,000 

Establishments not operated entire year. 

Shoe service wholesalers, total.... 

Estsblishments operated entire year, 

total 

With annual aales of— 

$10,000,000 and over 

$5,000,000 to $9,999,000 

$2,000,000 to $4,999,000 

$1,000,000 to $1,999,000 

$500,000 to $999,000 

$300,000 to $499,000 

$200,000 to $299,000 

$100,000 to $199,000 

$50,000 to $99,000 

Leas than $50,000 

Establishments not operated entire year. 

Undertakers' supply houses, total 

Establishments operated entire year, 

total 

With annual sales of^ 

$10,000,000 and over 

$5,000,000 to $9,999,000 

$2,000,000 to $4,999,000 

$1,000,000 to $1,999,000 

$500,000 to $999,000 

$300,000 to $499,000 

$200,000 to $299,000 

$100,000 to $199,000 

$50,000 to $99,000 

Less than $50,000 

Establishments not operated entire year. 

Upholsterers ' supply houses , total 

Establishments operated entire year, 

total 

With annual sales of — 

$10,000,000 and over 

$5,000,000 to $9,999,000 

$2,000,000 to $4,999,000 

$1,000,000 to $1,999,000 

$500,000 to $999,000 

$300,000 to $499,000 

$200,000 to $299,000 

$100,000 to $199,000 

$50,000 to $99,000 

Lesa than $50,000 

Establishments not operated entire year. 

Welders ' supply houses, total 

Establishments operated entire year, 

total 

With annual sales of— 

$10,000,000 and over 

$5,000,000 to $9,999,000 

$2,000,000 to $4,999,000 

$1,000,000 to $1,999,000 

$500,000 to $999,000 

$300,000 to $499,000 

$200,000 to $299,000 

$100,000 to $199,000 

$50,000 to $99,000 

Less than $50,000 

Establishments not operated entire year. 



843 
810 



126,780 
124,076 



9 


U,9U 


21 


14,287 


59 


21,996 


57 


13,942 


188 


26,334 


208 


K,961 


264 


7,269 


33 


2,704 


441 


146,607 


410 


133,778 


"i 


12,701 


20 


29,109 


46 


33,731 


60 


25,124 


52 


13,028 


87 


13,247 


69 


4,839 


71 


1,999 


31 


12,829 


485 


101,579 


477 


100,577 



32 


23,575 


44 


16,528 


63 


15,474 


152 


22,092 


108 


8,126 


70 


2,168 


8 


1,002 


137 


U,443 


131 


U,331 



15 


3,601 


18 


2,450 


40 


2,853 


49 


1,283 


6 


112 


262 


92,670 


253 


92,476 


9 


23,355 


7 


9,190 


31 


20,931 


43 


16, 536 


40 


9,669 


61 


8,944 


39 


2,993 


28 


858 


4 


194 


,000 


198,100 


965 


195,770 



6 


8,682 


58 


38,904 


90 


34,390 


132 


31,216 


303 


43,992 


238 


17,834 


133 


4,243 


35 


2,330 



29.2 
29.2 



20,841 
20,423 



24.9 


1,588 


27.6 


2,457 


29.3 


3,853 


28.5 


2,202 


29.7 


4,248 


31.2 


2,291 


32.5 


1,076 


27.6 


418 


22.1 


16,732 


22.4 


15,539 


17.4 


1,098 


24.5 


3,991 


22.3 


3,873 


20.7 


2,908 


21.9 


1,321 


23.6 


1,521 


25.4 


574 


31.2 


253 


19.8 


1,193 


18.1 


9,648 


18.1 


9,446 



16.1 


2,179 


19.2 


1,686 


20.0 


1,583 


20.5 


2,255 


18.0 


637 


25.0 


243 


19.1 


102 


25.3 


1,798 


25.1 


1,769 



25.1 


466 


30.1 


384 


26.3 


324 


33.6 


198 


48.2 


29 


21.7 


9,960 


21.7 


9,933 


21.5 


2,451 


23.4 


1,229 


20.7 


2,297 


22.2 


1,841 


20.1 


912 


21.8 


777 


25.0 


313 


27.5 


113 


22.7 


27 


26.4 


26,793 


26.3 


26,434 



16.1 


752 


24.9 


5,477 


28.5 


5,197 


28.2 


4,425 


29.9 


6,539 


28.8 


2,393 


31.3 


593 


31.4 


359 



Represents zero. 



2-12 



WHOLESALE TRADE-SUMMaRY STATISTICS 



Table 2A. MERCHANT WHOLESALERS: 1954- 



SALES SIZE OF ESTABLISHMENT-UNITED STATES. 
BUSINESS-Continued 



BY KIND OF 



Establishments, Sales, Operating Expense Ratio, and Payroll 



Kljid of business and sales 
size of establishment 



Hscblset7, ^uipnent. Supplies 
Distributors — Continued 

Service establishment supply houses — Con. 
Other service establishment supply houses, 

total.. 

Establishments operated entire year, 

total 

With annual sales of — 

110,000,000 end over 

$5,000,000 to 49,999,000 

$2,000,000 to $4,999,000 

$1,000,000 to $1,999,000 

$500,000 to $999,000 

$300,000 to $499. >' ' 

$200,000 to $299,000 

$100,000 to $199,0^ 

$50,000 to $99,000 

Less than $50,000 

Establishments riot operated entire year. 

Transportation ei^ulpment distributors: 
Aircraft, aeronautical equi^ent, parts 

distributors , total 

Establishments operated entire year, 

total 

With annual sales of — 

$10,000,000 and over 

$5,000,000 to $9,999,000 

$2, 000, 'TOO to S4,999,0t; 

$1,000,> X to $1,999,000 

$500,000 to $999,000 

$300,000 to $499,000 

$200,000 to $299,000 

$100,000 to $199,000 

$50,000 to $99,000 

Less than ,'r50,000 

Establishments not operated entire year. 

Marine machinery, equipment distributors, 

total 

Establishments operated entire year, 

total 

Uith annual sales of — 

$10,000,000 and aver 

$5,000,000 to $9,999,000 

$2,000,000 to $4,999,000 

$1,000,000 to $1,999,000 

$500,000 to $999,000 

$300,000 to $499,000 

$200,000 to $299,000 

$100,000 . $199,000 

$50,000 to $99,000 

Less than $50,000 

Establishments not operated entire year. 

R&ilroad equijment distributors, total.... 
Establishments operated entire year, 

total 

Uith annual sales of — 

$10,000,000 tnd over 

$5,000,000 to $9,999,000 

$2,000,000 to $4,999,000 

$1,000,000 to $1,999,000 

$600,000 to $999,000 

$300,000 to $499,000 

$^00,000 to $299,000 

$100,000 to $199,000 

$50,000 to $99,000 

Less then $5O,0OJ 

Establishments not operated entire year. 

Other transfortation equipment distribu- 
tors, total 

Establishments operated entire year, 

to . al 

Wit) annual aales of — 

$10,000 and a7Gr 

$5,000,000 to $9,999,000 

$2,000,000 to $4,999,000 

$1,000,000 to $1,999,000 

$500,000 to $999,000 

$300,000 to $499,000 

$200,000 to $299,000 

$100,000 to $199,000 

ic' 000 to $99,000 

Leas than $50,000 

Establlahmenta not operated entire year. 

Metals, Metaluork (Except Scrap) 
Dietributorfl 
Iron, ateel and products distributors, total 
Establishments operated entire year, 

total , 

Uith annual salea of — 

$10,000,000 and over , 

$5,000,000 to $9,999,000 , 

$2,000,000 to $4,999,000 , 

(1,000,000 to $1,999,000 , 

$500,000 to $999,000 , 

$300,000 to f.499,000 

$200,000 to ;'>99,000 , 

$100,000 to ;i99,00O , 

$50,000 to $f ),000 , 

Less than $5j,000 , 

Establishments not operated entire year.., 

... Kepresents zero. 



Estab- 
lish- 
ments 

Number) 



1,198 
1,159 



37 


50,022 


79 


54,360 


109 


42,212 


106 


25,905 


236 


34,617 


233 


17,397 


347 


9,072 


39 


8,666 


450 


169,782 


433 


165,303 



($1,000) 



281,252 
272, 586 



57,496 



16 


23,182 


43 


30,660 


51 


19,993 


58 


U,31S 


71 


10,411 


93 


6,7U 


90 


2,529 


17 


4,479 


400 


1 ,573 


384 


Li, 135 


7 


24,624 


15 


18,989 


49 


33,677 


38 


15,013 


52 


12,721 


90 


13,193 


77 


5,558 


56 


1,350 


16 


1,44« 


84 


60,046 



:3,544 

8,716 
8,203 
2,662 
1,388 
2,060 
839 
439 
2,195 

19,647 
19,399 



Operating 
expenses 

( including 
paiToll) 

as percent 
of sales 



5 


6,259 


8 


5,935 


7 


2,438 


5 


1,130 


16 


2.373 


11 


873 


15 


391 


3 


248 


693 


2,174,276 


600 


:>, 159,411 


15 


261,240 


51 


351,863 


176 


541,064 


286 


406,888 


398 


283,039 


404 


159,843 


268 


65,903 


403 


59,687 


291 


21,545 


308 


8,339 


93 


U,865 



19.0 
19.1 



15.4 


4,306 


17.4 


4,529 


21.7 


4,630 


24.1 


3,074 


24.9 


4,233 


28.2 


2,4 I 


33.7 


1,4^1' 


15.5 


619 


26.6 


22,901 


26.3 


22,166 



18.3 
35.2 
28.3 
25.3 
28.8 
34.5 
34.3 
34.7 



Payroll, 
entire 
year 

($1,000) 



26,731 
26,112 



6,647 



24.5 


3,404 


23.4 


4,150 


29.4 


2,776 


28.2 


1,927 


31.8 


1,583 


34." 


1,121 


39.5 


558 


37.4 


735 


21.2 


15,017 


21.2 


14,886 


26)4 


2,622 


15.6 


1,830 


20.7 


4,262 


20.7 


1,717 


24.3 


1,593 


24.8 


1,672 


30.1 


919 


32.2 


271 


20.5 


131 



6,297 



22.5 


791 


24.9 


1,034 


23.5 


278 


27.6 


100 


30.6 


3' 3 


39.0 


163 


48.1 


144 


12.6 


152 


27.6 


2,745 


27.5 


2,691 



636 
913 
360 
155 
409 
144 



221,482 



Kind of business and sales 
size of establishment 



Estab- 
lish- 
ments 

(Number) 



18.4 


220,057 


U.4 


22,681 


15.3 


32,693 


17.5 


54,081 


19.3 


42,629 


20.8 


30,442 


22.0 


17,465 


22.4 


7,608 


25.4 


7,687 


29.9 


3,215 


35.4 


1,656 


21.7 


1,425 



Metals, Hetalwork (Except Scrap) 
Distributors — Continued 

(Jonferrous metals distributors, total 

Establishments operated entire year, 

total 

With annual sales of — 

$10,000,000 and over 

$5,000,000 to $9,999,000 

$2,000,000 to $4,999,000 

$1,000,000 to $1,999,000 

$500,000 to $999,000 

5300,000 to $499,000 

$200,000 to $299,000 

$100,000 to $199,000 

$60,000 to $99,000 

teez than $50,000..... 

Eatabliahmenta not operated entire year.. 

Scrap, Waste Materials Dealers 

Iron, steel scrap dealers: 

Iron, steel scrap dealers (with proces- 
sing, preparation equipBient), total 

Establishments operated entire year, 

total 

With annual salea of — 

$10,000,000 and over 

$5,000,000 to $9,999,000 

$2,00t„0O0 to $4,999,000 

$1,000,000 to $1,999,000 

$500,000 to $999,000 

$300,000 to $499,000 

$200,000 to $299,000 

$100,000 to $199,000 

$50,000 to $99,000 

Less than $50,000 

Establisbments not operated entire year. 

Iron, steel scrap dealers (without proces- 
sing, preparation equipnent), total....... 

Establishments operated entire year, 

total 

With annual salea of — 

$10,000,000 and over 

$5,000,000 to $9,999,000 

$2,000,000 to $4.999,000 

$1,000,000 to 81,999,000 

$500,000 to $999,000 

$300,000 to $499,000 

$200,000 to $299,000 

$100,000 to $199,000 

^50,000 to $99,000 

Less than $50,000 

Establishme ts not operated entire year. 

Waste materials dealers: 

Nonferrous metallic scrap dealers, total.. 
Establishments operated entire year, 

total 

With annual sales of — 

$10,000,000 and over 

$5,000,000 to $9,999,000 

$2,000,000 to $4,999,000 

$1,000,000 to *l,9;isi,000 

$500,000 to $999,000 

$300,000 to $499,000 

$200,000 to $299,000 

$100,000 to .$199,000 

$50,000 to $99,000 

Less than $50,000 

Establishments not operated entire year, 



542 

5'7 



2,152 



Waste paper dealers, total 

Es '.jlistaments operated entire year, 

total 

With annual sales of— , 

$10,000,000 and over 

$6,000,000 to $9,999,000 

$2,000,000 to $4,999,000 

$1,000,000 to $1,999,000 

$600,000 to $999,000 

$300,000 to $499,000 

$200,000 to $299,000 

$100,000 to $199,000 

$60,000 to $99,000 

Less than $60,000 

Establishments not operated entire year 



Wiping cloth dealers, total 

Establlahmenta operated entire year, 

total 

With annual salea of — 

$10,000,000 and over < 

$6,000,000 to $9,999,000 

$2,000,000 to $4,999,000 

$1,000,000 to $1,999,000 , 

$500,000 to $999,000 ■ 

$300,000 to $499,000 

$200,000 to $299,000 

$100,000 to $199,000 

$50,000 to $99,000 

LesB than $60,000 

Eatabliahmenta not operated entire year 



($1,000) 



1,188,309 

1,182,629 

761,082 

89,990 

131,879 

99,194 

64,729 

25,822 

11,211 

10,462 

4,011 

1,24' 

5,680 



796,620 



6 


U3,174 


7 


41,554 


44 


126, 162 


95 


132,053 


226 


159,620 


182 


70,179 


213 


62,009 


415 


68,705 


372 


27,229 


592 


14,825 


50 


5,832 


1,517 


411,788 


1,484 


408,933 


7 


Ul,848 


8 


50,416 


19 


63,774 


34 


47,152 


35 


24,035 


36 


U,lll 


47 


11,817 


124 


17,616 


267 


18,886 


907 


19,278 


33 


2,855 


1,518 


500,822 


1,477 


492,405 


"3 


29,158 


52 


150,239 


59 


78,648 


119 


84,947 


132 


50,696 


113 


27,608 


260 


37,525 


299 


21,785 


440 


11,900 


41 


8,417 


1,124 


218,239 


1,092 


215,561 



Operatiiii' 
expenses 

{ including 
payroll) 

as percent 
of aales 



Payroll, 
entire 
year 

($1,000) 



31 


41,669 


43 


29,837 


67 


25,420 


70 


17,264 


179 


26,071 


260 


17,689 


439 


10,963 


32 


2,678 


229 


48,395 


224 


47,804 



16,238 



30 


11,972 


39 


9,410 


47 


6,597 


44 


3,287 


43 


1,300 


5 


691 



7.2 


42,860 


7.2 


42,550 


3.8 


15,756 


9.0 


3.445 


12.0 


7,773 


12.8 


6,290 


15.3 


3,967 


18.8 


2,524 


22.2 


965 


21.0 


1,101 


2:,.0 


444 


32.8 


245 


13.9 


310 



9.5 

3.2 

5.7 
4.4 
9.8 
13.8 
19.1 
21.8 
23.7 
25.9 
32.9 
30.0 



U.9 
13.9 

6.9 
10.9 
10.0 
13.1 
17.8 
19.4 
21.6 
24.4 
28.6 
12.8 

27.4 

27.3 



16.6 

25.2 

27.6 
32.2 
30.9 
32.6 
36.9 
40.1 
35.6 

34.7 

34.6 



21.4 


89,836 


21.3 


89,160 


7.8 


3,555 


1J..6 


2,842 


17.6 


12,488 


21.1 


16,933 


25.6 


21,388 


26.6 


9,595 


29.0 


7,694 


23.9 


8,769 


32.6 


4,232 


36.0 


2,604 


28. J 


686 



20,341 

20,062 

2,670 
1,640 
1,424 
2,216 
1,866 
1,266 
1,360 
2,119 
2,438 
3,063 
279 



34,749 
34,146 

1,057 
8,763 
3,968 
5,553 
4,165 
2,661 
4,038 
2,400 
1,561 
603 

.13,394 

32,863 



4,064 

5,315 
4,848 
4,870 
2,989 
4,649 
3,672 
2,466 
531 

9,416 

9,264 



37.6 


2,523 


33.9 


1,634 


27.9 


1,011 


31.5 


561 


34.2 


230 


46.0 


152 



SIZE OF ESTABLISHMENT OR FIRM 



2-13 



Table 2A. MERCHANT >X'HOLESALERS: 1954-SALES SIZE OF ESTABLISHMENT-UNITED STATES, BY KIND OF 

BUSINESS-Continued 

Establishments. Sales. Operating Expense Ratio, and Payroll 



Kl2id of bu^liMsa and sales 
size of eetablishaent 



Estab- 

llsh- 

nents 

(MuBber) 



C«1.000) 



Operating 

expenses 
(Including 

payroll) 
as percent 

of sales 



Payroll, 
entire 
year 

(tl.OOO) 



Kind of business and sales 
size of establishment 



Kstab- 

lish- 

oents 

(Number) 



(»l,0O0) 



Operating 

expenses 
(Including 

payroll) 
as percent 

of sales 



Payroll, 
entire 
year 

(»1,000) 



Scrap, vaste naterials 
Dealers— Con. 
waste materials dealers — Con. 

Rags, textile waste dealers, total 

Establisbnents operated entire year, 

total 

Ultb annual sales of — 

»10,000,000 and over 

$5,000,000 to $9,999,000 

42,000,000 to t«,999,0O0 

$1,000,000 to $1,999,000 

$500,000 to $999,000 

$300,000 to $499,000 

$200,000 to $299,000 

$100,000 to $199,000 

$50,000 to $99,000 

Less than $50,000 

Establisbaents not operated entire year. 

Other waste materials dealers, total 

Establishnents operated entire year, 

total 

With annual sales of — 

$10,000,000 and over 

$5,000,000 to $9,999,000 

$2,000,000 to $4,999,000 

$1,000,000 to $1,999,000 

$500,000 to $999,000 

$300,000 to $499,000 

$200,000 to $299,000 

$100,000 to $199,000 

$50,000 to $99,000 

Less tban $50,000 

EstabllshaeTits not operated entire year. 

Other Merchant Wholesalers 

Aflusenent, sporting goods distributors: 
Caneras photographic supplies distri- 
butors, total 

Establlshnents operated entire year, 

total 

With annual sales of — 

$10,000,000 and over 

$5,000,000 to $9,999,000 

$2,000,000 to $4,999,000 

$1,000,000 to $1,999,000 

$500,000 to $999,000 

$300,000 to $499,000 

$200,000 to $299,000 

$100,000 to $199,000 

$50,000 to $99,000 

Uss than $50,000 

EstabllslBents not operated entire year. 

Sporting goods wholesalers, total 

EstabllslXBents operated entire year, 

total 

With annual sales of — 

$10,000,000 and over 

$5,000,000 to $9,999,000 

$2,000,000 to $4,999,000 

$1,000,000 to $1,999,000 

$500,000 to $999,000 

$300,000 to $499,000 

$200,000 to $299,000 

$100,000 to $199,000 

$50,000 to $99,000., 

Less than $50,000 

Establlsbnents not operated entire yearT 

Toys, games, firevorlis wholesalers, 

total 

Establisbaents operated entire "year, 

total 

With annual sales of — 

$10,000,000 and over 

$5,000,000 to $9,999,000.. 

$2,000,000 to $4,999,000 

$1,000,000 to $1,999,000 

$500,000 to $999,000 

$300,000 to $499,000 

$200,000 to $299,000 

$100,000 to $199,000 

$50,000 to $99,000 

Less than $50,000 

EstablistBents not operated entire year. 

Other recreation goods wholesalers, total. 
Establisbaents operated entire year, 

total 

With annual sales of — 

$10,000,000 and over 

$5,000,000 to $9,999,000 

$2,000,000 to $4,999,000 

$1,000,000 to $1,999,000 

$500,000 to $999,000 

$300,000 to $499,000 

$200,000 to $299,000 

$100,000 to $199,000 

$50,000 to $99,000 

Less than $50,000 

Establisfanents not operated er. ire year. 

. . .Represent sero. 



784 


250,528 


764 


248,113 


3 


26,327 


14 


37,7U 


3: 


49,503 


T, 


53,486 


67 


25,550 


74 


18,602 


143 


21,005 


144 


10, 349 


207 


5,580 


20 


2,415 


815 


174,466 


790 


168,158 



17 


23,633 


30 


20,836 


37 


14,839 


40 


10,155 


101 


14,272 


157 


10,976 


400 


9,290 


25 


6,308 



484 


233,116 


463 


229,407 


5 


38,985 


17 


50,891 


26 


35,106 


60 


41,753 


73 


29,005 


57 


14,338 


86 


12,623 


62 


4,716 


77 


1,990 


21 


3,709 


579 


233,998 


562 


228,454 


6 


46,844 


13 


34,5f0 


26 


33,364 


59 


43,675 


60 


23,509 


73 


18,232 


128 


18,782 


91 


6,721 


106 


2,777 


17 


5,544 


805 


277,626 


776 


275,662 


4 


30,077 


10 


33,093 


36 


49, Ul 


80 


57,704 


104 


39,142 


102 


25,505 


198 


28,416 


Ul 


9,193 


121 


3,421 


29 


1,964 


646 


207,971 


622 


203,406 


"3 


19,286 


11 


37,174 


24 


31,279 


53 


38,461 


71 


27,355 


82 


19,740 


131 


19,003 


97 


7,181 


150 


3,927 


24 


4,565 



16.3 


21,364 


16.3 


21,100 


5.8 


749 


9.5 


2,026 


14.1 


3,759 


18.2 


5,177 


19.8 


2,678 


21.9 


2,137 


24.6 


2,487 


25.1 


1,289 


29.3 


798 


19.0 


264 


17.3 


14,906 


17.0 


14,067 



18.6 


2,521 


18.0 


2,017 


23.3 


1,731 


28.1 


1,348 


28.6 


2,043 


27.6 


1,553 


34.3 


1,650 


25.7 


839 



19.0 


23,681 


19.0 


23,361 


15.9 


3,811 


15.7 


4,545 


18.5 


3,297 


20.0 


4,392 


20.3 


2,922 


23.1 


1,713 


25.9 


1,699 


29.8 


718 


29.4 


264 


20.0 


320 


16.7 


19,820 


16.9 


19,601 


11.0 


2,682 


15.5 


2,982 


17.7 


2,998 


18.7 


4,367 


17.5 


1,957 


20.0 


1,693 


21.6 


1,895 


19.9 


627 


29.1 


400 


7.6 


219 


16.6 


22,793 


16.5 


22,575 


9.6 


1,555 


16.0 


2,519 


15.5 


4,070 


16.5 


5,162 


17.7 


3,429 


18.7 


2,073 


19.4 


2,466 


21.9 


893 


29.1 


408 


24.4 


218 


19.2 


21,041 


19.2 


20,562 


isis 


2,212 


16.3 


3,872 


18.4 


3,260 


19.4 


3,882 


19.5 


2,491 


18.3 


1,720 


22.7 


1,782 


24.0 


789 


32.7 


554 


19.1 


479 



Other Merchant Wholesalers — Con. 

Book, magazine, newspaper wholesalers, total 
Establishments operated entire year, total 
with annual sales of — 

$10,000,000 and over 

$5,000,000 to $9,999,000 

$2,000,000 to $4,999,000 

$1,000,000 to $1,999,000 

$500,000 to $999,000 

$300,000 to $499,000 

$200,000 to $299,000 

$100,000 to $199,000 

$50,000 to $99,000 

Less tban $50,000 

Establishments not operated entire year... 



Coal wholesalers: 

Coal wholesalers (without yard or dock 

stocks ) , 'otal 

Establishments operated entire year, 

total 

with annual sales of — 

$10,000,000 and over 

$5,000,000 to $9,999,000 

$2,000,000 to $4,999,000 

$1,000,000 to $1,999,000 

$500,000 to $999,000 

$300,000 to $499,000 

$200,000 to $299,000 

$100,000 to $199,000 

$50,000 to $99,000 

Less toan $50,000 

Establishments not operated entire year 

Coal wholesalers (with coal yard), total. 
Establishments operated entire year, 

total 

With annual sales of — 

$10,000,000 and over 

$5,000,000 to $9,999,000 

$2,000,000 to $4,999,000 , 

$1,000,000 to $1,999,000 

$500,000 to $999,000 

$300,000 to $499,000 

$200,000 to $299,000 

$100,000 to $199,000 

$50,000 to $99,000 , 

Less than $50,000 , 

Establishments not operated entire year. 



Farm supplies wholesalers: 

Feed wholesalers, total 

Establishments operated entire year, 

total 

With annual sales of — 

$10,000,000 and over 

$5,000,000 to $9,999,000 

$2,000,000 to $4,999,000 

$1,000,000 to $1,999,000 

$500,000 to $999,000 

$300,000 to $»99,000 

$200,000 to $299,000 

$100,000 to $199,000 

$50,000 to $99,000 

Less than $50,000 

Establishments not operated entire year 

Fertilizer, agricultural chemical dis- 
tributors, total 

Establishments operated entire year, 

total 

With annual sales of — 

$10,000,000 and over 

$5,000,000 to $9,999,000 

$2,000,000 to $4,999,000 

$1,000,000 to $1,999,000 

$500,000 to $999,000 

$300,000 to $499,000 

$200,000 to $29^,000 

$100,000 to $199,000 

$50,000 to $99,000 

Less than $50,000 

Establishments not operated entire year 

Seed wholesalers, total 

Establishments operated entire year, 

total 

With annual sales of — 

$10,000,000 and over 

$5,000,000 to $9,999,000 

$2,000,000 to $4,999,000 

$1,000,000 to $1,999,000 

$500,000 to $999,000 

$300,000 to $499,000 

$200,000 to $299,000 

$100,000 to $199,000 

$50,000 to $99,000 

Less than $50,000 

Establishments not operated entire year. 



1,919 


697,206 


1,861 


691,113 


6 


92,041 


6 


44,106 


37 


109,664 


81 


111,846 


143 


102,575 


201 


76,946 


218 


53,531 


459 


66,327 


308 


22,783 


402 


11,294 


58 


6,093 



496 


568,163 


481 


549,149 


8 


161,152 


9 


64,684 


42 


136,245 


54 


84,259 


77 


55,380 


58 


22,953 


37 


9,258 


58 


8,556 


66 


4,852 


72 


1,810 


15 


19,014 


204 


226,026 


199 


225,064 


U 


134,090 


10 


31,292 


15 


20,206 


24 


17,859 


22 


8,613 


24 


5,753 


21 


3,062 


48 


3,499 


24 


690 


5 


962 



766,302 
758,624 



u 


172,756 


15 


98,514 


44 


132,776 


81 


115,491 


138 


97,749 


152 


59,641 


145 


35,591 


231 


34,059 


129 


9,631 


89 


2,416 


32 


7,678 


507 


280,597 


487 


276,848 


27 


136,059 


34 


46,616 


55 


39,688 


63 


24,423 


46 


11,260 


80 


11,109 


68 


5,005 


114 


2,688 


20 


3,749 


641 


474,148 


624 


469,403 


11 


87,333 


41 


117,139 


76 


104,536 


118 


88,177 


90 


34,914 


64 


16,085 


103 


15,107 


57 


4,358 


64 


1,754 


17 


4,745 



19.6 


83,180 


19.6 


82,459 


12.9 


8,219 


16.4 


4,791 


20.0 


14,010 


20.0 


14,280 


21.4 


12,276 


22.0 


10,144 


21.1 


6,814 


21.3 


8,212 


22.2 


2,421 


23.6 


1,292 


20.3 


721 



7.5 


20,249 


7.5 


19,639 


:.5 


4,576 


5.2 


1,761 


5.7 


3,919 


8.2 


3,823 


12.0 


2,199 


U.3 


1,164 


14.4 


625 


17.6 


716 


20.0 


552 


32.9 


304 


7.8 


610 


9.4 


10,575 


9.3 


10,452 


5.1 


3,630 


13.2 


2,277 


U.8 


1,142 


14.6 


1,175 


23.1 


868 


22.8 


559 


23.0 


267 


25.5 


3S8 


32.0 


146 


23.7 


123 



27,280 



3.6 


3,049 


4.1 


2,045 


5.4 


3,788 


3.3 


4,904 


11.6 


5,132 


12.6 


3,090 


11.6 


1,945 


15.4 


2,231 


17.3 


824 


25.1 


272 


7.6 


226 


10.9 


13,627 


10.8 


13,339 



13.9 


2,699 


14.4 


2,502 


16.2 


1,834 


19.0 


904 


20.9 


902 


28.2 


603 


34.6 


441 


14.8 


288 


15.8 


38,048 


15.8 


37,701 


17.0 


7,419 


12.0 


7,785 


14.4 


7,434 


17.8 


7,743 


17.4 


3,028 


20.0 


1,645 


23.6 


1,829 


25.8 


* 


30.9 


291 


U.6 


347 



2-14 



WHOLESALE TRADE-SUMMARY STATISTICS 



Table 2A. MERCHANT WHOLESALERS: 



1954-SALES SIZE OF ESTABLISHMENT-UNITED STATES, BY KIND OF 
BUSINESS-Ojntinued 



Establishments, Sales, Operating Expense Ratio, and Payroll 



Kind of business sod sales 
size of establishment 



Other >terchant Wholeaalera^^ontinued 

Farm supplies wholesalers — Continued 

Other farm supplies wholesalers, total.... 
Establishments operated entire year, 

total 

With annual sales of — 

810,000,000 and over 

$5,000,000 to $9,999,000 , 

$2,000,000 to $4,999,000 

$1,000,000 to $1,999,000 

$500,000 to $999,000 

$300,000 to $499,000 

$200,000 to $299,000 

$100,000 to $199,000 

$50,000 to $99,000 

Less than $50,000 

Establishments not operated entire year, 



Jewelry wholesalers* 

General-line jewelry wholesalers, total... 
Establishments operated entire year, 

total 

With annual sales of — 

$10,000,000 and over 

$5,000,000 to $9,999,000 

$2,000,000 to $4.999,000 

$1,000,000 to $1,999,000 

$500,000 to $999,000 

$300,000 to $499,000 

$200,000 to $299,000 

$100,000 to $199,000 

$50,000 to $99,000 

Less than $50,000 

Establishments not operated entire year. 

Clocks, watches wholesalers, total 

Establishments operated entire year, 

total 

With "Timml sales of — 

$10,000,000 and over 

$5,000,000 to $9,999,000 

$2,000,000 to $4,999,000 

$1,000,000 to $1,999,000 

$500,000 to $999,000 

$300,000 to $499,000 

$200,000 to $299,000 

$100,000 to $199,000 

$50,000 to $99,000 

Less than $50,000 

Establishments not operated entire year. 

Costume jewelry wholesalers, total 

Establishments operated entire year, 

total 

With annual sales of — 

$10,000,000 and over 

$5,000,000 to $9,999,000 

$2,000,000 to $4,999,000 

$1,000,000 to $1,999,000 

$500,000 to $999,000 

$300,000 to $499,000 

$200,000 to $299,000 

$100,000 to $199,000 

$50,000 to $99,000 

Less than $50,000 

Establishments not operated entire year. 

Precious stones distributors, total 

Establishments operated entire year 

total 

With annual sales of — 

$10,000,000 and over 

$5,000,000 to $9,999,000 

$2,000,000 to $4,999,000 

$1,000,000 to $1,999,000 

$500,000 to $999,000 

$300,000 to $499,000 

$200,000 to $299,000 

$100,000 to $199,000 

$50,000 to $99,000 

Less than $50,000 

Establishments not operated entire year. 

Watch materials Jewelers' tools distri- 
butors , total 

Establishments operated entire year, 

total 

With annual sales of.— 

$10,000,000 and over 

$5,000,000 to $9,999,000 

$2,000,000 to $4,999,000 

$1,000,000 to $1,999,000 

$500,000 to $999,000 

$300,000 to $499,000 

$200,000 to $299,000 

$100,000 to $199,000 

$50,000 to $99,000 

Leas than $50,000 

Establishments not operated entire year. 



Estab- 
lish- 
msnts 

(Number) 



132 
131 



234 
229 



355 
344 



513 

496 



16 
42 
53 
58 
127 
95 



498 
491 



37 
70 
70 
50 
129 
69 
56 



172 
167 



($1,000) 



Operating 

expenses 

(including 

payroll) 
as percent 

of sales 



53,595 

(D) 



6,860 

20,814 

10,851 

5,956 

3,199 

3,363 

1,543 

(D) 

(D) 



143,549 
142,469 

32,853 

26,258 

47,152 

21,385 

11,141 

3,007 

512 

161 

1,080 

124,380 
122,903 



24,302 

33,505 

22,626 

18,860 

8,281 

8,352 

4,987 

1,990 

1,477 



132,621 
130,672 



18,524 

20,994 

29,238 

20,212 

14,042 

17,813 

6,968 

2,881 

1,949 

202,608 
200,624 



32,001 

51,781 
51,296 
28,229 
12,168 
18,856 
4,814 
1,489 
1,984 



30,719 
29,961 



5,168 

6,787 
4,736 
3,389 
4,859 
3,579 
1,443 
758 



13,6 

(D) 



8,6 

12.7 
12.8 
14.7 
20.4 
17.1 
23.2 
(D) 
(D) 



20.8 
20.9 

23.7 

22.2 
19.1 
18.1 
22.4 
18.1 
26.0 
36.0 
15.3 

15.7 
15.7 



16.6 
16.2 
16.2 
17.3 
21.9 
22.4 
29.7 
10.8 



23.9 
24.0 



22.8 
25.0 
24.5 
23.7 
23.6 
22.0 
26.5 
27.3 
19.7 

10.3 
10.3 



Payroll , 
entire 
year 

($1,000) 



36.8 
28.2 
23.6 
27.7 
24.1 
23.8 
33,4 
15.4 



3,638 

(D) 



283 

1,317 

762 

383 

307 
290 
194 

(D) 
(D) 



16,319 
16,240 

4,547 

3,090 

4,979 

1,920 

1,331 

256 

87 

30 

79 

9,989 
9,913 



1,060 

2,880 

2,035 

1,494 

773 

875 

527 

269 

76 



16,233 
16,094 



2,557 

3,048 

3,650 

2,401 

1,689 

1,678 

■"/ W 

322 

139 

9,950 
9,869 



8.0 


1,982 


9.0 


2,207 


11.8 


1,647 


15.4 


812 


14.3 


1,139 


20.0 


441 


29.4 


230 


■8.4 


81 


28.2 


5,655 


28.5 


5,001 



Kind of business and sale; 
size of establishment 



1,647 

1,158 
654 
610 
711 
579 
242 
54 



Other Merchant Wholesalers — Con. 

Jewelry wholesalers— Continued 

Other jewelry wholesalers, total 

Establishments operated entire year, 

total 

With annual sales of^ 

$10,000,000 and over 

$5,000,000 to $9,999,000 

$2,000,000 to $4,999,000 

$1,000,000 to $1,999,000 

$500,000 to $999,000 

$300,000 to $499,000 

$200,000 to $299,000 

$100,000 to $199,000 

$50,000 to $99,000 

Less than $50,000 

Establishments not operated entire year 

Petroleum products distributors, total 

Establishments operated entire year, 

total 

With annual sales of^ 

$10,000,000 and over 

$5,000,000 to $9,999,000 

$2,000,000 to $4,999,000 

$1,000,000 to $1,999,000 

$500,000 to $999,000 

$300,000 to $499,000 

$200,000 to $299,000 

$100,000 to $199,000 

$50,000 to $99,000 

Leas than $50,000 

Establishments not operated entire year 

Gift, artgoods, greeting cards wholesalers: 

Gift, art goods wholesalers, total 

Establishments operated entire year, 

total 

With annual sales of — 

$10,000,000 and over 

$5,000,000 to $9,999,000 

$2,000,000 to $4,999,000 

$1,000,000 to $1,999,000 

$500,000 to $999,000 

$300,000 to $499,000 

$200,000 to $299,000 

$100,000 to $199,000 

$50,000 to $99,000 

Less than $50,000 

Establishments not operated entire year 

Greeting card distributors, total 

Establishments operated entire year, 

total 

With annual sales of — 

$10,000,000 and over 

$5,000,000 to $9,999,000 

$2,000,000 to $4,999,000 

$1,000,000 to $1,999,000 

$500,000 to $999,000 

$300,000 to $499,000 

$200,000 to $299,000 

$100,000 to $199,000 

$50,000 to $99,000 

Less than $50,000 

Establishments not operated entire year 



Flower, bulb, plant wholeaalera: 

Flower (cut), potted plant wholesalers, 

total 

Establishments operated entire year, 

total 

With annual sales of — 

$10,000,000 and over 

$5,000,000 to $9,999,000 ', 

$2,000,000 to $4,999,000 

$1,000,000 to $1,999,000 

1500,000 to $999,000 

$300,000 to $499,000 

$200,000 to $299,000 

$100,000 to $199,000 

$50,000 to $99,000 

Leaa than $50,000 

Establishments not operated entire year 

Bulb, plant diatributora, total 

Establishments operated entire year, 

total 

With annual sales of^ 

$10,000,000 and over 

$5,000,000 to $9,999,000 

$2,000,000 to $4,999,000 

$1,000,000 to $1,999,000 

$500,000 to $999,000 

$300,000 to $499,000 

$200,000 to $299,000 

$100,000 to $199,000 

$50,000 to $99,000 

Less than $50,000 

Establishments not operated entire year 



Estab- 
lish- 
ments 

(Number) 



969 
939 



21 

45 

60 

92 

244 

231 

240 

30 



2,260 

2,178 

13 
20 
64 
145 
229 
264 
282 
468 
367 
326 
82 



735 

708 



18 

43 

55 

64 

133 

153 

238 

27 

248 

242 



851 
819 



72 
105 
101 
193 
134 
195 

32 

115 

U4 



Sales 
($1,000) 



191,582 
188,920 

25,120 

28,167 
31,262 
23,954 
22,716 
34,464 
16,730 
6,507 
2,662 

1,416,388 

1,389,798 

428,522 

134,150 

192,161 

198,267 

159,936 

102,351 

69,696 

68,213 

27,293 

9,209 

26,590 



140,213 
138,298 



12,539 

24,330 
28,676 
20,419 
15,355 
19,370 
U,062 
6,497 
1,915 

50,094 

48,196 



15,976 

8,347 
5,332 
5,321 
7,284 
3,712 
2,224 
1,398 



193,270 
188,600 



28,687 

49,161 
42,545 
24,939 
28,479 
9,917 
4,872 
4,670 

29,672 

(D) 



(D) 

5,218 
4,093 
2,888 
2,968 
1,506 
929 
(B) 



Operating 



( including 
payroll) 

as percent 
of sales 



18.5 
18.5 

11.0 

15.2 
19.5 
19.1 
20.3 
19.8 
23.4 
28.5 
18.2 

9.0 

9.0 

3.2 
5.0 
9.3 

10.1 
13.8 
14.0 
16.5 
15.4 
20.8 
30.2 
9.4 



22.8 
22.8 



18.9 

22.9 
17.2 
25.6 
23.7 
26.0 
24.8 
31.6 
21.0 

28.2 

29.0 



24.5 

28.5 
35.9 
30.9 
34.9 
24.8 
29.3 
9.3 



23.9 
24.0 



Payroll , 
entire 
year 

($1,000) 



18,078 
17,855 

1,4U 

2,473 
3,209 
2,330 
2,331 
3,391 
1,770 
940 
223 



55,156 

7,771 
2,475 
7,611 
9,408 
9,341 
6,067 
4,455 
4,285 
2,377 
1,366 
1,065 



14,428 
14,272 



1,066 

2,706 
2,518 
2,182 
1,606 
2,158 
1,103 
933 
156 

6,682 

6,600 



2,198 

989 

848 
755 
1,103 
434 
273 
82 



24,687 
24,164 



23.0 


3,924 


23.2 


6,497 


23.1 


4,989 


22.2 


2,944 


25.8 


3,520 


28.0 


1,325 


37.2 


965 


20.7 


523 


25.1 


3,918 


(D) 


(D) 



(D) 



26.7 


722 


14.8 


416 


19.6 


264 


26.7 


442 


26.5 


184 


?9.2 


134 


(D) 


(D) 



(D) Wltheld to avoid disclosure. 



Represents zero 



Table 2 A. 



SIZE OF ESTABLISHMENT OR FIRM 

MERCHANT WHOLESALERS 



2-15 



1954-SALES SIZE OF ESTABLISHMENT-UNITED STATES, BY KIND OF 
BUSINESS-Continued 

Establishments. Sales. Operating Expense Ratio, and Payroll 



Kind of business and sales 
size of establishiDent 



Estab- 
lish- 
ments 

(Number) 



($1,000) 



Operating 

expenses 
(including 

payroll) 
as percent 

of sales 



Payroll, 
entire 
year 

($1,000) 



Kind of business and sales 
size of establishment 



Estab- 
lish- 
ments 

( Number) 



($1,000) 



Operating 

expenses 
(Including 

payroll) 
as percent 

of taales 



Payroll, 
entire 
year 

($1,000) 



Other Merchant Wholesalers — Con. 

nlsceiianeous products mercnant wtiolesalers: 
Forest products (except lumber) distribu- 
tors, total 

Establishments operated entire year, 

total 

With annual sales of — 

$10,000,000 and over 

$5,000,000 to $9,999,000 

$2,000,000 to $4,999,000 

$1,000,000 to $1,999,000 

$500,000 to $999,000 

$300,000 to $499,000 

$200,000 to $299,000 

$100,000 to $199,000 

$50,000 to $99,000 

Less than $50,000 

Establishments not operated entire year. 

General merchandise distributors, total... 
Establishments operated entire year, 

total 

With annual sales of — 

$10,000,000 and over 

$5,000,000 to $9,999,000 

$2,000,000 to $4,999,000 

$1,000,000 to $1,999,000 

$500,000 to $999,000 

$300,000 to $499,000 

$200,000 to $299,000 

$100,000 to $199,000 

»50,00u to $99,000 

Less than $50,000 

Establishments not operated entire year. 

Leather goods wholesalers, total 

Establishments operated entire year, 

total 

With annual sales of — 

$10,000,000 and over 

$5,000,000 to $9,999,000 

$2,000,000 to $4,999,000 

$1,000,000 to $1,999,000 

$500,000 to $999,000 

$300,000 to $499,000 

$200,000 to $299,000 

$100,000 to $199,000 

$50,000 to $99,000 

Less than $50,000 

Establishments not operated entire year. 

Musical instrument, sheet music whole- 
salers, total 

Establishments operated entire year, 

total 

With annual sales of — 

$10,000,000 and over 

$5,000,000 to $9,999,000 

$2,000,000 to $4,999,000 

$1,000,000 to $1,999,000 

$500,000 to $999,000 

$300,000 to $499,000 

$200,000 to $299,000 

$100,000 to $199,000 

$50,000 to $99,000 

Less than $50,000 

Establishments not operated entire year. 



290,871 
288,083 



6 


79,515 


5 


31,056 


13 


38,736 


25 


34,247 


65 


47,341 


60 


22,770 


40 


9,752 


93 


13,413 


84 


5,831 


247 


5,422 


31 


2,788 


594 


814,291 


576 


810,527 


20 


412,254 


15 


99,359 


30 


93,914 


60 


82,438 


79 


55,550 


72 


27,947 


64 


15,934 


116 


16,732 


66 


4,895 


54 


1,504 


18 


3,764 


454 


135,579 


439 


133,113 



5 


6,082 


34 


24,586 


41 


15,288 


56 


13,511 


102 


14,580 


91 


6,592 


98 


3,105 


15 


2,466 


50; • 


192,142 


484 


188,923 



48,899 



31 


40,838 


48 


32,919 


82 


31,439 


61 


15,414 


75 


10,950 


74 


5,667 


103 


2,797 


25 


3,219 



11.0 


15,114 


11.0 


14,944 


3.4 


1,473 


7.7 


1,161 


11.3 


1,939 


10.7 


2,007 


14.0 


2,581 


15.1 


1,699 


19.3 


765 


22.9 


1,459 


27.2 


768 


34.7 


1,042 


11.3 


170 



8.5 


21,135 


13.2 


7,288 


11.2 


5,511 


14.5 


6,239 


14.8 


4,050 


15.8 


2,111 


15.9 


1,023 


16.4 


1,285 


23.3 


497 


21.1 


172 


17.6 


311 


14.6 


8,624 


14.7 


8,469 



1,491 



18.1 


535 


16.2 


1,706 


15.9 


1,080 


18.2 


1,082 


21.2 


1,462 


24.3 


676 


28.7 


387 


14.1 


155 


19.3 


13,621 


19.3 


18,349 



21.3 


4,631 


19.6 


3,302 


20.7 


3,023 


23.4 


1,938 


21.1 


964 


34.3 


823 


35.5 


450 


17.0 


272 



Other Merchant Wholesalers — Con. 

Miscellaneous products merchant whole- 
salers — Con. 

Industrial yarns wholesalers, total 

Establishments operated entire year, 

total 

With annual sales of — 

$10,000,000 and over 

$5,000,000 to $9,999,000 

$2,000,000 to $4,999,000 

$1,000,000 to $1,999,000 

$500,000 to $999,000 

$300,000 to $499,000 

$200,000 to $299,000 

$100,000 to $199,000 

$50,000 to $99,000 

Less than $50,000 

Establishments not operated entire year. 

Bags, bagging, burlap (textiles) distrib- 
utors, total 

Establishments operated entire year, 

total 

With annual sales of — 

$10,000,000 and over 

$5,000,000 to $9,999,000 

$2,000,000 to $4,999,000 

$1,000,000 to $1,999,000 

$500,000 to $999,000 

$300,000 to $499,000 

$200,000 to $299,000 

$100,000 to $199,000 

$50,000 to $99,000 

Less than $50,000 

Establishments not operated entire year. 

Food, beverage basic material distribu- 
tors, total 

Establishments operated entire year, 

total 

With annual sales of — 

$10,000,000 and over 

$5,000,000 to $9,999,000 

$2,000,000 to $4,999,000 

$1,000,000 to $1,999,000 

$500,000 to $999,000 

$300,000 to $499,000 

$200,000 to $299,000 

$100,000 to $199,000 

$50,000 to $99,000 

Less than $50,000 

Establishments not operated entire year. 

All other merchant wholesalers, total 

Establishments operated entire year, 

total 

With annual sales of— 

$10,000,000 and over 

$5,000,000 to $9,999,000 

$2,000,000 to $4,999,000 

$1,000,000 to $1,999,000 

$500,000 to $999,000 

$300,000 to $499,000 

$200,000 to $299,000 

$100,000 to $199,000 

$50,000 to $99,000 

Leas than $50,000 

Establishments not operated entire -.;?ar, 



222 


191,250 


218 


191,000 


6 


47,347 


16 


51,590 


31 


45,616 


31 


22,345 


23 


10,841 


23 


5,607 


34 


5,022 


25 


1,875 


29 


757 


4 


250 


659 


239,072 


644 


233,248 


4 


32,452 


13 


33,987 


34 


45,558 


60 


42,939 


74 


28,492 


68 


17,277 


141 


20,400 


119 


3,627 


131 


3,516 


15 


5,824 


325 


530,630 


317 


529,714 


13 


418,841 


13 


39,191 


15 


20,485 


29 


18,709 


31 


12,469 


22 


5,802 


58 


8,349 


51 


3,852 


85 


2,016 


8 


916 


544 


637,417 


596 


628,038 


16 


369,377 


3 


53,572 


26 


33,709 


27 


36,299 


40 


27,125 


40 


15,010 


48 


11,801 


87 


12,805 


119 


8,472 


IR-i 


4,868 


48 


9,379 



6.9 


6,400 


6.9 


6,J'..; 


3.5 


693 


4.4 


1,299 


6.0 


1,437 


12.0 


1,110 


14.2 


766 


15.2 


385 


17.0 


374 


21.2 


188 


30.4 


121 


20.4 


27 


15.7 


19,448 


15.8 


19,214 


4.8 


814 


10.2 


1,677 


12.7 


3,292 


13.9 


4,231 


19.7 


3,111 


23.8 


2,010 


24.7 


2,417 


26.0 


1,147 


29.3 


515 


8.3 


234 


4.7 


10,817 


4.7 


10,741 


1.9 


2,972 


10.5 


1,873 


8.6 


346 


16.6 


1,522 


25.7 


1,326 


20.6 


607 


22.9 


826 


25.5 


418 


33.5 


346 


15.7 


76 


5.8 


18,173 


5.3 


17,862 


2.5 


4,511 


3.7 


1,086 


6.0 


2,384 


13.8 


2,513 


13.9 


2,070 


19.7 


1,338 


18.6 


1,190 


21.9 


1,261 


21.5 


871 


26.5 


638 


6.6 


311 



Represents zero. 



2-16 



WHOLESALE TRADE-SUMMARY STATISTICS 



£l JH ir> ^ 

a in a B 

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tn ^ B ES 






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to to in n c^ in 
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3 m ^ \o M 

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C^ CO CO &• (^ iTi 



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C^ CT- O C -^ <^ 



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^ -t «A 



m M i-H m o "i^ 
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^ « * (*^ ^ 3S 



to r\ •& to t-t i-t 
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to (-1 o ;4 o* m 
^H rj ^ t* -* t^ 
f>j t^ ^ >o in *o 

o^ Q Q "^ "^ "-• 
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-I r-t o) CO ra rt 



if\ ^t ID <A in c^ 



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in m i-i (M nj i-H 
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c^ O ■J' 0^ ^ O* 
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f^ if\ O "-• m CM 

rvj ,-. r'H nj ^ 






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CM CM CM -^ r-l -O 

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m CO >A Ov r- lO 

in CM tM OJ CO .H 



i-H lA j^ r- OJ tf 



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r^ \0 -4 jO >-i (M 



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3 S 



SIZE OF ESTABLISHMENT OR FIRM 



2-17 






:sH_§s H_S_2p3 *ss.^.^.3[ lT.*m 

(^ <^ >.^ oo-^r^of^oiT to ia .-i in ^ .-T rTo«or^».-T 



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to [^ -,; 



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n^Oftft te 



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to (^ t^ ir\ C O 

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CM CM o"f^(^ 



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oa to 



f?^S 



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[^ r> to to c^ n 



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-^ c (^ -^ m— 

(=1 ^m t- r-(ft 

— t^ ^ yj eo^- 



N CTi n m n m 
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C^ O VD 1^ \D --1 



'-'•-'SN t:'^ lOr-ipoiBN 



rvj m .-< ^0 -* O 



•O lO (^ CTi -^f (^ 



■■J VO -* ^ JC 



o^ t-- m «o f^f t^ 



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ffl UJ 



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t; r- Q r^ IN ©■ 



nl r- [^ O ^ - 



\n to ^ »— I Di ^ 
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S -/oTo lo r^ 



c^ 0> >o O m *o 
0> \o m O g * 

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t ;4 "Q "^^^ 

r» CO >D »D (N 



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TO r- in to (^ o> 



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iS8? sisSss 



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<N • • O C' -* 



iiSS 



gC^ lO OJ TO ir 
O^ O -J :i '' 
t^ O cf * O C 
w in O in oTr" 



ln(^•o.■^^n-J O»co 

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&S3P? 



tM [*• C^ ni CO t-- 



■* 3 ?5 (^ to -^ 
r- lA lo o o -J 

ssgppas" 



sail 



ni o» o \o PI PI 



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c^ <y TO in ^ 



in --I CT- TO CO CT- 



oo Qni-*(NtO-* i-(r-1« 

hW Wr%iAoQ--i ci)-*s 



O lO ot r^ rH r<j 

rH (M (N -* \0 



-1 8 3 f 



(^ (^ r- ^ ^ -4 

lO ^ nl 1*1 □ C^ 
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, -.„-. - - - Jg,l "^SS'iS «S.I "SSS^.o tSI °S8!g:=.o SI °stS8=.o ,£| °U$S<'.o SS.I =iJS8;s,o 3 

©qm Oo*»^p*io) oo*»u,-.+Jin oo4^'->-4*->in oo«<^*''c)'^di oo**-«jo«uj oo**4J *juj o o ***■ -^ U *i m oo*l*> 

o a*^ (no Q** " ^ o «S®OQ*^*'„a 2 S " S Q -^ -^ „ S "•9'°SS""«9 a®QQ"*-' a -t^ a m o Q *-■ " a g g » q Q ** " c *^a<DQQ«« g o 

SP &'3s°°.^?Rri *i2°oQQag idooooaa "9s°oflSa9 -^s^oooQig NB^doQQaa -*Bi3ooQQae 

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a:: 



3|°°.8SSS "sl^-^-RSsS lsl°.=.8"SS3 SSlSSoo-^g "".^ig 



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2-18 



WHOLESALE TRADE-SUMMARY STATISTICS 



SP 3 :* " 
if\ OV Cl to 



Wi 



J (^ S TO 



J ^ S Q f^. f 



323?^;: 



CT> lA ,-1 .-H 



-# r\ ^ ff. c 



:i 9 :S riC o ^H 



tt> ^ -O C- >t f 
-J TO sf rM rt O 



O fN n O TO TO 



TOP; « - O O 



X 
a. 

O 
O 

UJ 

O 

Q 
Z 

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H 
< 
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c/5 



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CM ^O OJ f\l C 
^ r^ -t r»i r- 



TO IN TO <^ O O 



J 0\ TO C^ O f^ 



O- Q C^ *0 "O O 



\r\ c \o ~t Q — . 
O •-' o» (O F- (=1 

^ ru ^ ry ^_ 



■\ vO TO O C f 
(N u> P 5> 



;ss; 






1 TO S p-H S rf 
O oi 0> (^ O v* 



(N -* Ov -^ -J <M 



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vO f^ »ri lA cS 



-1 NO -J^^ -* 



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vp lo r- TO -.f 



fM X S TO C 



^ o- ca n I 



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(N q TO O -f 



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ssap: 



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f o- to f^ — 



TO lA O- • . O 
O TO fM • . 



5fisa 



C^ r- lA t- VD r- 



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lO i-« O* 0> TO 1-1 



J * X > 



^ >o ry \o O 



■\ C lO TO -* t-- 



-I o^— r 



d in n ^ 

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lO O :-- \0 N O 
C-^ — ^ 143 lA lA — 



PS 



TO TO C^ lO 



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>0 t- lA W .-I 



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3380 



r^ in Q IN ^ 
-i n M 1-1 



O <^ C- Q 0> ■* 
r-i in CT- \6 CM "A 
O O C- O TO C-- 



TO vO O O" CN (^ 



Al (^ -St 0> ->f -4 






3 -t O- -i f' 

^ tf\ P\ ^ r- 



r^ Ai TO f^ ^ r- 



TO ff r^ in s 



3 S TO C" »n 



lA O ttl "O lA 0> 

ff- lA in -J "O c^ 



M \0 nl lA r-t 



^ ^ <I> H 

m .-I a 3 






(^ TO in 5 c^ 



fgSiSPS 

-< O TO r^ O -J 

D \o n TO lO in 






"1 r-lrH -* 

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J \o c- (N in t^ 



SC '^ St " 



rV <N in CM TO jA 

c^ lO C^ Aj yS c*- 






O 

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. TO IN f- -4 t^ 

• r^ m o rl \0 

• >-i CT< 60 r- lO 

■/in -J TO 



CT> U) r-* O* 01 'J 



-trt St '-' o 



•O f^ >0 O* lO ■ 



(^ m TO >a TO 1/ 



?:$£S° 



^ -4 oi r- (M ov 

vO ■« O vO r-t 01 

t-- >1 fa t- fn (^ 



^css 



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Ai m 3 O r5 ° 
«0 Aj C^ ?5 ^ 



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SPS 



w c^ tr' oi rH r- 

0» -^ S TO AJ -4- 



T TO Q ■O in 

TO W O rl 



a> ID d 

■D X 



•J C O rH Ol (Tl 

■a a I ^'"•si 



o (o g © o 



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s. * * 



^ 5 



t.^sr - 

d jc: 



o o*/* m w Sp.1tj oi-jQo Anlri o*-*oo *-■ oo-l-o c^^Qo (-Ci.l-rt pi-joo o t.5'<„ao «9-«A' Q a r -9 S- J "S 

qquo. oS*-" ol fc> o3" 'm -h^ oa*-> rfl p. od*» ?a ^iim oo*»tn-H. oca 

^3t?rt©88 qijoaiuoo qa -tiacoOO qq-gdajSQ qq ^a^oOQOqW'a^'^^Q 

^ darnQOOO'-'S -.^<SioDOO*Ja ■■=] -HatnQQOO**^ ^awQQOO**.9 wm QQ -- <" g SwS 

■■-' ■-'--'*'*inrHp»^d»-OQ"'-' -ilJrH(iJ*-<5S«^inr^d»-OQ'"'-' iidCN^i(SMq}.o - 'r*':* S ~ 

10,0 C,a3cNj>-iinniUA t. rj>33Ai^i?S?5a3^ ■^^Br^^^t^'o^ o a q*»»»« o »»i^ 5 So ' "S d 

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5| 
51 



SIZE OF ESTABLISHMENT OR FIRM 



2-19 






H io C^ X ift 



o« « (^ r> S 
— ^ — O 'O N 



t^ OO lA o\ co^ 

28ssse 



O '^^ r^ ;0 O 



::s2; 



"I 0» n g >A rj 



Jo S ^ 8 3 
■-^ O O f^ O 



-^ <-i CO -J to 



y 

X 
a. 

O 

O 

w 

O 

a 
z 

< 



H 9? 



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■* (^ C^ -^ ij? • 



o *2.S^ 



ass 

m CO a I 



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a • o> « o o 



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< 

i- 

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H 

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uq o 
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to t/5 

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2-20 



WHOLESALE TRADE-SUMMARY STATISTICS 



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2-21 



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2-22 



WHOLESALE TRADE-SUMMARY STATISTICS 



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2-23 



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2-24 



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2-26 



WHOLESALE TRADE-SUMMARY STATISTICS 



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2-33 



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2-34 



WHOLESALE TRADE-SUMMARY STATISTICS 



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2-35 



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47,039 
30,540 
20,170 
20,246 
8,139 
1,889 


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9,806 
8,547 
4,160 
3,124 

322 


63,309 
16,649 

13,576 
10,937 
3,360 
2,418 


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170,867 
21,900 
21,295 
12,832 
4,680 
13,588 


24,870 
4,593 
4,799 
4,183 
3,024 
(D) 


149, 393 
7,763 
11,535 
13,324 

5,140 
(D) 


47,852 
6,221 
6,261 
5,487 
2,278 
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18,517 

14,042 

8,791 

5,154 

1,305 


(D) 

10,810 

2,607 

2,218 

1,516 

(B) 


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2-36 



WHOLESALE TRADE-SUMMARY STATISTICS 



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O a 
trs f- 



a in a m 
w r-i B S5 



:sg: 



00 --H i-H VO 

ift [-- -J- sD 



. o ea o o> o 



— o ift CO -J r- 

Q -o r- -J- ift fr 
•^ ftj ift c^ o- .-" 



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: :"';«'■ 



~J:PRr 



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.(=1 0>(=1 

■ — ^^^ 



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r- 










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s 


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8 


& 


ift 


(^ 




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ni 




rH 


r-i 


W 


ii\ 


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■ — [-- •O— ^ 

• n rj t^ « 



■3 ^" 






■ o; --1 -^ '■ 

. VO .-• -J -s 

• ftj rv ifi r- 



3 «a to O O 

3 (7» to »0 — ■ 



3 t*- to fNJ f^ ift 



232 



[> [^ lO >fl O^ 






^ ift to tn CO .-( 



CM r>j -t I> C^ '■ 



O Q riS ift tM A 
■_— Ift OJ C> r-< 



<M ft) ift -i Q -^ 



(>i > 

w (-J 

_! 
< 

w 
-J 

O 
X 



z 

< 
DC 
U 
OS 

w 

S 



(d in d B 
tn --H Q SB 



oj w a « 
(o ,-1 a 3 



3 ^- 



^ J] i3 a, 
eJ tf> a ^ 



23,996 
17,894 
20,113 
10,757 
(D) 


o 


9,900 
13,323 
19,873 

1,308 


(B) 
39,961 
46,915 
28,459 
18,128 
1,317 


to Ift o«^ O^ 

-H ftj 1ft ^ 


1ft 


00 O" -J ift o 

.-1 >0 f) <-H 


ssass"* 



lo ^ S r- f 

. — -^ to nJ-. 



— . C'- ffi oj « ftj 

o to o '-' o ift 
^.-1 -5 \o o -vi 



p C^ to to ift >o 

!5<2&8^ 



SP:i 



ftj 0\ CO vD sO r^ 






• O ift 



^ ftj -<f 



r^ nH iM r* Ift — 
00 r- vo 00 o^'- 
^j i-H o> (j> -J 



.-I n rvj O -jt fti 



SS" 



■^ ■J" CO -J ftj Oi 

rt * m Ift lO ■J 
Ift c^ fti rj vo o> 

CO Q O^ ■/ C~-^ -^ 

i-H r3 ftj ri rij 



(B) 
51,781 
51,296 
40,337 
25,159 

(D) 


(B) 

(B) 

6,787 

8,125 

9,881 

758 


25,120 
28,167 
31,262 
46,670 
57,TO1 
2,662 


754,833 
198,267 
159, 936 
172,047 
104,715 
26,590 


SKPSS"^ 


rt Ai o r- r^ lA 

-H (M CM 


lO rH ir> (M in Q 
« .* ir\ r-* PS 


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a 0) 0) I «« 

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u o o tt C3 c 

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(- 01 d 03 o f 

03 <u B r^ o c 



CT- -4 O es 






t- 03 






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p^ fi r-- f- IN f* 

lA rt lO N Oi Oi 



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■o a I- ■ •■ -Q c 

■rt C O .-I O* Ci O 

t-1 03 I </> 5* ff" * *- 

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Iat-h-SSIS »i3lAr-T§§is f3iAr„-§§i3 sS1or,H§§|3 ^iliiMli ^slld 



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SIZE OF ESTABLISHMENT OR FIRM 



2-37 



u 



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a -J C^ r\i -jfT 
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2-38 



WHOLESALE TRADE-SUMMARY STATISTICS 



y 

X 

0, 



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O 
w 
O 

Q 
Z 

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w 
H 

< 
H 

Q 

M 

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1—' QJ 

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tu o 

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< CD UJ 

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l/i > 

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tu 

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if 

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k: 

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to .-. B 3 



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• o t^ ^ JO ;:; 






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• •^ O lA^^ 



(=)« ca o o 



-^ • TO r- O'-r 
— . \0 ^ o^ — 



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:8ess 



.— t^ r^ C^ • 



r^O P (H NO o 



"\0 r^(N 



« (N vO Cr O 






ir\ r- r- Oi fy r\i 



o^ ,-1 to ro -J- 



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(^ CTv to (^ r-— . 

"^ """ r3 (^ 



^ ,^~ TO C 

n • a c- TO 



1A f^ C IM O r- 



[^ vO TV CD -* O 

1^ — I j -^ in u^ 
O \0 1*1 --J vO r^i 



On TO C' 0< (*i ^ 

r^ if\ r^ \0 >t N 
■^^ kTi C > »A TO 



c-J tn o- c* r^ 'O 



TO O TO TO -J- 



(-J --H --I •£! 
fj (*4 rr, ^ 



5S80!S!S 



o "3 



o o 



■32 



ass 






"d a> 






ov— r*- p (M >i 

TO— - O O* > N 



lO ry "i) 'O \0 lA 



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fi ft c- oj o 
Ji — o ^ ^- 



(N (^ .-» O 0» rH 



TO 0> in •—< in 0» 

in o» (N .-< ^ r^ 

\0 CN .-I TO ^ f^ 



;ss' 



R nj § S Ci -J 



o .-■ O* a> o 

J Oi I -d a» -J o o 
: o =M q 4^-**Q a 

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3* ^ »i » <ii» v> tj I 






M -gl^ 




SIZE OF ESTABLISHMENT OR FIRM 



2-39 



Table 2C. MERCHANT WHOLESALERS: 19^4-FREQUENCY DISTRIBUTION BY SALES SIZE OF ESTABLISHMENT AND 
OPERATING EXPENSE RATIO-UNITED STATES. BV KIND Oh BUSINESS 



KlDd of business and sales size of esrtablishment 



Number of establishments having ratio of operating expense to sales of- 



Ail 


Less 


estab- 


than 


lish- 


5.0 


ments 


percent 



5.0 to 
6.9 
percent 



7.0 to 

8.9 
percent 



9.0 to 

10.9 

percent 



11.0 to 

13.9 
percent 



U.O to 

16.9 
percent 



17.0 to 

19.9 

percent 



percent 



25.0 to 

29.9 
percent 



30.0 to 

34.9 
percent 



35.0 
percent 

or more 



Grocery, Confectionery, Meat Wholesalers 

General-line grocery wholesalers: 

Voluntary giwip grocery wholesalers , total 

Establishioents operated entire year with annual sales of- 

$2,000,000 and over 

$1,000,000 to $1,999,000 

$500,000 to $999,000 

$200,000 to $499,000 

Less than $200,000 

Establishments not operated entire year 

Retailer cooperative food wholesalers, total 

Establishments operated entire year with annual sales of- 

$2,000,000 and over 

$1,000,000 to $1,999,000 

$500,000 to $999,000 

$200,000 to $499,000 

Less than $200,000 

Establishments not operated entire year 

Cash-carry food depots , total 

Establishments operated entire year with annual sales of- 

$2,000,000 and over 

$1,000,000 to $1,999,000 

$500,000 to $999,000 

$200,000 to $499,000 

Less than $200,000 

Establishments not operated entire year 

Other general-lljie grocery wholesalers, total 

Establishments operated entire year with annual sales of- 

$2,000,000 and over 

$1,000,000 to $1,999,000 

$500,000 to $999,000 

$200,000 to $499,000 

Less than $200 ,000 

Establishments not operated entire year 

Confectionery wholesalers , total 

Establishments operated entire year with annual sales of — 

$2,000,000 and over 

$1,000,000 to $1,999,000 

$500,000 to $999,000 

$200,000 to $499,000 

Less than $200,000 

Establishments not operated entire year 

Fish, seafood distributors, total 

Establishments operated entire year with annual sales of — 

$2,000,000 and over 

$1,000,000 to $1,999,000 

$500,000 to $999,000 

$200,000 to $499,000 

Less than $200,000 

Establishments not operated entire year 

Meat, meat products wholesalers, total 

Establishments operated entire year with annual sales of — 

$2,000,000 and over 

$1,000,000 to $1,999,000 

$500,000 to $999,000 

$200,000 to $499,000 

Less than $200,000 

Establishments not operated entire year 

Specialty-line grocery wholesalers: 

Bakery, restaurant, hotel supply houses, total 

Establishments operated entire year with annual sales of- 

$2,000,000 and over 

$1,000,000 to $1,999,000 

$500,000 to $999,000 

$200,000 to $499,000 

Less than $200,000 

Establishments not operated entir« year 

Bread, bakery goods distributors, total 

Establishments operated entire year with annual sales of- 

$2,000,000 and over '. 

$1,000,000 to $1,999,000 '.'.'.'. 

$500,000 to $999,000 

$200,000 to $499,000 

Less than $200,000 

Establishments not operated entire year 

Canned food wholesalers, total 

Establishments operated entire year with annual sales of- 

$2 ,000,000 and over 

$1,000,000 to $1,999,000 

$500,000 to $999,000 

$200,000 to $499,000 

Less than $200,000 

Establislments not operated entire year 

Coffee, tea, spice wholesalers, total 

Establishments operated entire year with annual sales of- 

$2,000,000 and over 

$1,000,000 to $1,999,CK)0 

$500,000 to $999,000 

$200,000 to $499,000 

Less than $200,000 

Establishments not operated entire year 

... flepresents zero. 



311 
155 
74 
27 



6 

18 

52 

160 

50 

5 



436 
667 

649 

364 

118 

28 

1,909 

18 
50 
148 
465 
1,166 
62 

1,308 

43 
93 
192 
408 
1,008 
64 

4,357 

284 
388 
625 
1,304 
1,602 
154 



14 
39 
7.. 
103 
200 
10 



5 
21 
49 
U8 
558 
49 



184 

263 

318 

30 



102 
206 



37 
114 



105 
5 



81 
80 
108 
323 
223 
19 



64 


104 


79 


168 


97 


140 


58 


64 


15 


15 


4 


6 



17 

38 

100 

5 



60 
69 

145 
185 

10 



116 

172 
150 
70 



31 
51 
96 
158 
156 



69 
125 
122 



12 

54 

145 

10 



38 
42 
79 
136 

180 



1 
6 
11 
85 
197 



36 

51 

91 

146 

204 

18 



4 

17 

63 

145 



64 
137 
155 

18 



28 

72 

101 

12 



5 


2 


11 


3 


24 


17 


64 


53 


3 


2 



33 

1 
1 
8 
5 
15 
3 

154 

1 



18 
116 
11 



3 
28 



23 
70 
198 
20 



4 
48 



2 


3 


3 


13 




23 


27 


122 


2 


15 


30 


98 




1 




1 


2 


9 


8 


13 


19 


66 



5 

27 

2 



2-40 



WHOLESALE TRADE-SUMMARY STATISTICS 



Table 2C. MERCHANT WHOLESALERS: 1954-FREQUENCY DISTRIBUTION BY SALES SIZE OF ESTABLISHMENT AND 
OPERATING EXPENSE RATIO-UNITED STATES, BY KIND OF BUSINESS-Continued 



Kind of business and sales size of establishment 



Number of establishments having ratio of onerattng expense to sales of— 



All 
estab- 
lish- 
ments 



Less 
than 
5.0 
percent 



5.0 to 

6.9 
percent 



7.0 to 

e.9 

percent 



9.0 to 

10.9 
percent 



11.0 to 

13.9 
percent 



1^.0 to 

16.9 
percent 



17.0 to 

19.9 
percent 



20.0 to 

2A.9 
percent 



25.0 to 

29.9 

percent 



30.0 to 

3i.9 
percent 



35.0 
percent 
or more 



Grocery, Confectionery, Meat Wholesalers — Continueo 

Specialty-line grocery wholesalers — Continued 

Dairy products distributors , total 

Establishments operated entire year with annual sales of- 

$2 ,000,000 and over 

$1,000,000 to $1,999,000 

$500,000 to $999,000 

$200,000 to $i99,000 

Less than $200,000 

Establishments not operated entire year 



Flour distributors , total 

Establishments operated entire year with aimual sales of- 

$2,000,000 and over 

$1,000,000 to $1,999,000 

$500,000 to $999,000 

$200,000 to $i99,000 

Less than $200 ,000 

Establishments not operated entire year 



Frosted , frozen food distributors , total 

Establishments operated entire year with annual sales of- 

$2 ,000 ,000 and over 

$1 ,000,000 to $1 ,999 ,000 

$500,000 to $999,000 

$200,000 to $499,000 

Less than $200,000 

Establishments not operated entire year 



Soft drink distributors, total 

Establishments operated entire year with annual sales of- 

$2,000,000 and over 

$1,000,000 to $1,999,000 

$500,000 to $999,000 , 

$200,000 to $499,000 

Less than $200,000 

Establishments not operated entire year 



Other grocery specialty wholesalers, total 

Establishments operated entire year with annual sales of— 

$2,000,000 and over 

$1,000,000 to $1,999,000 

$500,000 to $999,000 

$200,000 to $499,000 

Less than $200,000 

Establishments not operated entire year 



Farm Products (Edible) Distributors 



Ftoultry, poultry products distributors, total 

Establishments operated entire year with annual sales of — 

$2,000,000 and over 

$1,000,000 to $1,999,000 

$500,000 to $999,000 

$200,000 to $499,000 

Less than $200,000 

Establishments not operated entire year 



Fresh fruit, vegetable wholesalers, total 

Establishments operated entire year with annual sales of- 

$2,000,000 and over 

$1/300,000 to $1,999,000 

$500,000 to $999,000 

$200,000 to $499,000 

Less than $200,000 

Establishments not operated entire year 



Beer, Wine, Distilled Spirits Wholesalers 



Beer, ale distributors, total 

Establishments operated entire year with annual sales of- 

$2,000,000 and over 

$1,000,000 to $1,999,000 

$500,000 to $999,000 

$200,000 to $499,000 

Less than $200,000 

Bfftabllshments not operated entire year 



Vine, distilled spirits wholesalers, total 

Establishments operated entire year with annuel sales of- 

$2,000,000 and over 

$1,000,000 to $1,999,000 

$500,000 to $999,000 

$200,000 to $499 ,000 

Less than $200,000 

Establlshroents not operated entire year 



Tobacco Distributors 

Tobacco distributors, total..... 

Establishments operated entire year with annual sales of- 

$2,000,000 and over 

$1,000,000 to $1,999,000 

$500,000 to $999,000 

$200,000 to $499,000 

Leas than $200,000 

Establishments not operated entire year 



2,281 

121 
141 
246 

555 

1,151 

67 

170 

10 
26 
29 
42 
61 
2 



50 
71 
112 

180 
164 
33 



22 
103 
938 

57 



9? 


40 


104 


30 


246 


51 


6U 


67 


,235 


92 


74 


7 



47 
29 
23 
50 
102 



148 


78 


181 


53 


334 


69 


642 


115 


1,258 


173 


97 


13 


6,520 


581 


253 


66 


505 


48 


952 


81 


1,684 


lU 


2,932 


. 253 


194 


20 



125 


1 


309 


4 


722 


1 


1,836 


25 


2,529 


72 


270 


5 


1,518 


165 


459 


50 


311 


17 


237 


37 


253 


50 


220 


7 


38 


4 



384 


195 


583 


282 


764 


356 


734 


349 


335 


117 


58 


25 



17 
23 
67 
98 
163 



34 
49 
90 
151 
303 
18 



120 
7 



105 
150 
184 
161 
60 
13 



23 
53 

105 



14 
14 
22 
61 
105 
2 



13 
22 
55 
113 
165 
12 



35 
55 

112 
200 
349 



12 

45 

141 

216 

10 



101 
64 
43 
19 
12 
7 



103 
85 
28 



18 
33 
64 

109 
10 



40 
90 
142 
14 



12 
30 
36 
93 
156 
13 



132 
227 
396 
25 



18 
33 
79 
216 
292 
27 



143 
95 
41 
37 
17 
3 



10 
17 
30 
61 
142 
3 



5 
14 
24 

100 

144 

11 



13 
25 
38 
34 
192 



83 
145 
262 
392 

30 



1,208 

29 
59 
178 
397 
492 
53 



121 
5 



7 
17 
30 
50 
128 



138 
236 
302 



34 
82 
158 
357 
394 



13 
34 
83 
148 
162 
9 



22 
58 
109 
271 
254 
28 



5 

133 



2 

15 

113 

3 



9 

33 
62 
116 

170 



40 
73 
208 
249 



50 
115 





5 


3 


27 


41 


337 


2 


22 


71 


312 




1 


2 


1 


5 


12 


15 


47 


47 


234 


2 


17 



4 
10 
24 
54 
240 
5 



5 

14 

30 

6 





14 




40 


10 


126 


3 


U 


.20 


704 


2 


2 


9 


17 


13 


65 


28 


147 


62 


442 


6 


31 



1 

2 

41 
102 
281 

35 



1 
7 
12 
47 
5 



21 
27 
26 

2 



Represents zero. 



SIZE OF ESTABLISHMENT OR FIRM 



2-41 



Table 2C. MERCHANT WHOLESALERS: 1954-FREQUENCY DISTRIBUTION BY SALES SIZE OF ESTABLISHMENT AND 
OPERATING EXPENSE RATIO-UNITED STATES, BY KIND OF BUSINESS-Continued 



Kind of business and sales size of establlshioent 



Number of establishments having ratio of operating expense to sales of— 



All 
estab- 
lish- 
ments 



Less 
than 
5.0 
percent 



5.0 to 
6.9 
percent 



7.0 to 
8.9 
percent 



9.0 to 
10.9 
percent 



11.0 to 

13.9 

percent 



U.O to 

16.9 
percent 



17.0 to 

19.9 

percent 



20.0 to 

24.9 
percent 



25.0 to 

29.9 
percent 



30.0 to 

34.9 
percent 



35.0 
percent 
or more 



Drugs, Chemicals, Allied Products Wholesalers 

General-line drug wholesalers , total 

Establishments operated entire year with ajmual sales of — 

t2, 000 ,000 and over 

$1,000,000 to $1,999,000 

$500 ,000 to $999,000 

$200,000 to $499,000 

Less than $200,000 

Establishments not operated entire year 

Specialty-line drug, toiletries wholesalers, total 

Establishments operated entire year with annual sales of — 

$2,000,000 and over 

$1,000,000 to $1,999,000 

$500,000 to $999,000 

$200,000 to $499,000 

Less than $200,000 

Establishments not operated entire year 

Industrial chemicals, explosives distributors, total 

Establishments operated entire year with annual sales of — 

$2 ,000,000 and over 

$1,000,000 to $1,999,000 

$500,000 to $999,000 

$200,000 to $499,000 

Less than $200,000 

Establishments not operated entire year 

I^int, varnish wholesalers: 

Paint wholesalers (with glass, wallpaper), total.. 

Establishments operated entire year with annual sales of— 

$2,000,000 and over 

$1,000,000 to $1,999,000 

$500,000 to $999,000 

$200,000 to $499,000 

Less than $200,000 

Establishments not operated entire year ■ 

Paint wholesalers (without glass, wallpaper), total 

Establishments operated entire year with annual sales of — 

$2,000,000 and over 

$1,000,000 to $1,999,000 

$500,000 to $999,000 

$200,000 to $499,000 

Less than $200,000 

Establishments not operated entire year 

Dry Goods, Apparel Wholesalers 

Clothing, furnishings, footwear wholesalers: 

General-line clothing, furnishings wholesalers, total 

Establishments operated entire year with annual sales of — 

$2,000,000 and over 

$1,000,000 to $1,999,000 

$500,000 to $999,000 

$200,000 to $499,000 

Less than $200,000 

Establishments not operated entire year 

Men's, boys' clothing, furnishing wholesalers, total 

Establishments operated entire year with annual sales of — 

$2,000,000 and over 

$1,000,000 to $1,999,000 

$500,000 to $999,000 

$200,000 to $499,000 

Less than $200,000 

Establishments not operated entire year 

Women's, children's, clothing, furnishing wholesalers, total. 
Establishments operated entire year with annual sales of — 

$2,000,000 and over 

$1,000,000 to $1,999,000 

$500,000 to $999,000 

$200,000 to $499,000 

Less than $200,000 

Establishments not operated entire year 

Furs (dressed), fur clothing wholesalers, total 

Establishments operated entire year with annual sales of — 

$2,000,000 and over 

$1,000,000 to $1,999,000 

$500,000 to $999,000 

$200,000 to $499,000 

Less than $200,000 

Establishments not operated entire year 

Millinery, millinery supplies distributors, total 

Establishments operated entire year with annual sales of— 

$2,000,000 and over 

$1,000,000 to $1,999,000 

$500,000 to $999,000 

$200,000 to $499,000 

Less than $200,000 

Establishments not operated entire year 

Shoe , footwear wholesalers , total ...........*.....•. 

Establishments operated entire year with annual sales of — 

$2,000,CO0 and over 

$1,000,000 to $1,999,000 

$500,000 to $999,000 

$200,000 to $499,000 

Less than $200,000 

Establishments not operated entire year 

... Represents zero. 



231 

102 

35 

12 

10 



2,409 

47 
86 

205 

497 

1,492 

62 

1,878 



152 

211 

373 

1,006 

56 



102 

242 

389 

12 



29 
39 
86 
190 
396 
21 

1,299 



84 
159 
359 

610 



198 
6 



2 

11 
26 
72 
235 



28 

50 

102 

171 

213 

19 



6 




7 


1 


37 




109 


1 


332 


5 


12 




655 


9 


8 


2 


13 


1 


44 


2 


126 




446 


4 


18 





114 

40 



36 

81 

114 

12 



2 
9 
15 
52 
127 



27 
43 
114 



3 
110 

1 

3 

12 

24 

69 

1 



3 
2 

12 

24 

115 

5 



1 
100 



9 

109 

5 



2-42 



WHOLESALE TRADE-SUMMARY STATISTICS 



Table 2C MERCHANT WHOLESALERS: 1954-FREQUENCY DISTRIBUTION BY SALES SIZE OF ESTABLISHMENT AND 
OPERATING EXPENSE RATIO-UNITED STATES, BY KIND OF BUSINESS-Continued 



Kind of business and sales size of establishment 



Wuraber of establishments having ratio of operating expense to sales of— 



All 
estab- 
lish- 
ments 



Less 

than 

5.0 

percent 



5.0 to 

6.9 
percent 



7.0 to 
8.9 
percent 



9.0 to 

10.9 
percent 



11.0 to 
13.9 
percent 



U.O to 

16.9 
percent 



17.0 to 

19.9 
percent 



20.0 to 
24.9 
percent 



25.0 to 

29.9 
percent 



30.0 to 

34.9 
percent 



35.0 
percent 
or more 



Dry Goods, Apparel Wholesalers — Continued 
Clothing , furnishings , footwear wholesalers — Continued 

Work clothing wholesalers , total 

Establishments operated entire year with annual sales of — 

$2,000,000 and over 

$1,000,000 to $1,999,000 

$500,000 to $999,000 

$200,000 to $499,000 

Less than $200,000 

Establishments not operated entire year 

General-line dry goods wholesalers, total 

Establishments operated entire year with annual sales of — 

$2,000,000 and over 

$1,000,000 to $1,999,000 

$500,000 to $999,000 

$200,000 to $499,000 

Less than $200,000 

Establishments not operated entire year 

Specialty-line dry goods wholesalers: 

Hosiery wholesalers, total 

Establishments operated entire year with annual sales of— 

$2,000,000 and over 

$1,000,000 to $1,999,000 

$500,000 to $999,000 

$200,000 to $499,000 

Less than $200,000 

Establishments not operated entire year 

Underwear wholesalers , total 

Establishments operated entire year with annual sales of— 

$2 ,000,000 and over ' 

$1,000,000 to $1,999,000 

$500,000 to $999,000 

$200,000 to $499,000 

Less than $200,000 ■ 

Establishments not operated entire year 

Notions wholesalers, total 

Establishments operated entire year with annual sales of— 

$2,000,000 and over 

$1,000,000 to $1,999,000 

.$500,000 to $999,000 

$200,000 to $499,000 

Less than $200,000 

Establishments not operated entire year 

Piece goods wholesalers, total 

Establishments operated entire year with annual sales of- 

$2 ,000 ,000 and over 

$1,000,000 to $1,999,000 

$500,000 to $999,000 

$200,000 to $499,000 

Less than $200,000 

Establishments not operated entire year 

Other specialty-line dry goods wholesalers, total 

Establishments operated entire year with annual sales of- 

$2,000,000 and over 

$1,000,000 to $1,999,000 

$500,000 to $999,000 

$200,000 to $499,000 

Less than $200,000 

Establishments not operated entire year 

Piece goods converters, total 

Establishments operated entire year with annual sales of- 

$2 ,000 ,000 and over 

$1,000,000 to $1,999,000 

$500,000 to $999,000 

$200,000 to $499,000 

Less than $200,000 

Establishments not operated entire year 

Furniture, Home Furnishing Wholesalers 

Furniture (household, office) wholesalers: 

Household furniture wholesalers, total 

Establishments operated entire year with annual sales of- 

$2,000,000 and over 

$1,000,000 to $1,999,000 

$500,000 to $999,000 

$200,000 to $499,000 

Less than $200,000 

Establishments not operated entire year 

Office furniture distributors, total 

Establishments operated entire year with annual Bales of- 

$2 ,000,000 and over 

$1,000,000 to $1,999,000 

$500,000 to $999,000 

$200 ,000 to $499,000 

Less than $200,000 

Establishments not operated entire year. 

Home furnishings, floor coverings wholesalers: 

China, glassware, crockery wholesalers, total 

Establishments operated entire year wltli annual sales of- 

$2,000,000 and over 

.$1,000,000 to $1,999,000 

$500,000 to $999,000 

$200,000 to $499,000 

Less than $200,000 

Establishments not operated entire year 



26 
30 
67 
127 
210 
11 



27 

67 

170 

477 



86 
157 
277 
430 
667 



1,120 

34 
58 
114 
284 
597 
33 



150 
137 
151 
189 
167 
23 



36 
73 
124 
241 
536 
48 



12 
26 
70 
193 
587 
30 



7 
38 
37 
99 
341 
16 



1 
16 



2 
5 
33 
2 



14 
1 





1 


1 


2 


3 


5 


12 


16 


29 


110 


1 


3 


68 


169 


2 


2 


2 


2 


5 


15 


13 


25 


44 


125 



1 

2 
8 
11 
30 
2 



1 


3 


1 


3 


1 


8 


13 


34 


42 


155 




14 


19 


300 


1 




3 


2 


8 


15 


35 


57 


70 


211 


2 


15 



5 


3 


3 


10 


10 


24 


32 


113 


2 


3 



Represents zero. 



SIZE OF ESTABLISHMENT OR FIRM 



2-43 



Table 2C. MERCHANT ^X'HOLESALERS: 1954-FREQUENCY DISTRIBUTION BY SALES SIZE OF ESTABLISHMENT AND 
OPERATING EXPENSE RATIO-UNITED STATES, BY KIND OF BUSINESS-Continued 



Kind of business and sales size of establishment 



Number of establishments having ratio of operating expense to sales of— 



All 
estab- 
lish- 
ments 



Less 

than 

5.0 

percent 



5.0 to 
6.9 
percent 



7.0 to 

8.9 
percent 



9.0 to 


11.0 to 


14.0 to 


17.0 to 


10.9 


13.9 


16.9 


19.9 


percent 


percent 


percent 


percent 


7 


19 


12 


11 


1 










2 




2 


1 


1 




3 


•; 


3 


4 


2 


1 


13 


6 


3 




... 


2 


1 


32 


30 


25 


32 


1 






2 


1 


2 


2 


7 


6 


6 


5 


5 


8 


8 


9 


10 


11 


13 


7 


8 


5 


1 


2 




78 


146 


146 


91 


5 


25 


19 


4 


17 


31 


22 


11 


15 


29 


30 


22 


28 


46 


51 


24 


11 


10 


18 


28 


2 


5 


6 


2 


BA 


99 


108 


107 


A 


4 


5 


7 


6 


9 


7 


6 


7 


14 


12 


11 


17 


26 


23 


32 


i6 


43 


57 


47 


i. 


3 


4 


4 


192 


320 


402 


365 


8 


14 


27 


10 


18 


33 


48 


47 


24 


56 


80 


78 


53 


90 


123 


106 


86 


120 


120 


118 


3 


7 


4 


6 


71 


118 


120 


lU 


16 


42 


26 


12 


10 


19 


26 


25 


8 


18 


22 


30 


13 


11 


23 


18 


23 


25 


23 


28 


1 


3 






74 


82 


105 


98 


3 


1 


4 


5 


1 


3 


3 


2 


6 


5 


6 


5 


13 


17 


18 


21 


48 


55 


73 


63 


3 


1 


1 


2 


6 


4 


6 

1 


10 


1 






1 


2 


1 


2 


4 


3 


3 


3 


4 

1 


37 


21 


10 


10 


9 


5 






2 


6 




1 


4 


1 




1 


9 


2 


4 


3 


12 


7 


6 


5 


1 








95 


79 


44 


26 


3 


5 


4 


2 


17 


7 


4 




25 


19 


9 


8 


27 


31 


11 


4 


21 


14 


15 


10 


2 


3 


1 


2 


58 


75 


46 


30 


1 


4 


3 




4 


6 


3 


2 


14 


9 


2 


4 


17 


18 


9 


3 


21 


37 


29 


20 


1 


1 




1 



20.0 to 

24.9 
percent 



25.0 to 

29.9 

percent 



30.0 to 

34.9 

percent 



35.0 
percent 
or more 



Furniture, Home Furnishing Wliolesalera — Continued 
Heme rumlBhings, floor coverings wholesalers— Continued 

Curtain , drapery wholesalers , total 

Establishments operated entire year with annual sales of- 

$2,000,000 and over 

$1,000,000 to $1,999,000 

$500,000 to $999,000 

$200,000 to $499,000 

Less than $200,000 

Establishments not operated entire year 

Dcoestlcs wholesalers, total 

Establishments operated entire year with annual sales of- 

$2,000,000 and over 

$1,000,000 to $1,999,000 

$500,000 to $999,000 

$200,000 to $499,000 

Uss than $200,000 

Establishments not operated entire year 

Floor coverings wholesalers , total 

Establishments operated entire year with annual sales of- 

$2,000,000 and over 

$1,000,000 to $1,999,000 

$500,000 to $999,000 

$200,000 to $499,000 

Uss than $200,000 

Establishments not operated entire year 

Other home furnishings, specialties wholesalers, total 

Establishments operated entire year with annual sales of- 

$2,000,000 and over 

$1,000,000 to $1,999,000 

$500,000 to $999,000 

$200,000 to $499,000 

Less than $200,000 

Establishments not operated entire year 

Paper, Allied Products Wholesalers 

Coarse paper and products wholesalers, total i 

Establishments operated entire year with annual sales of — 

$2,000,000 and over 

$1,000,000 to $1,999,000 

$500,000 to $999,000 

$200,000 to $499,000 

Less than $200,000 

Establishments not operated entire year 

Printing and fine paper distributors, total 

Establishments operated entire year with annual sales of — 

$2,000,000 and over 

$1,000,000 to $1,999,000 

$500,000 to $999,000 , 

$200,000 to $499,000 

Less than $200,000 

Establishments not operated entire year 

Stationery, office supplies wholesalers, total 

Establishments operated entire year with annual sales of — 

$2,000,000 and over 

$1,000,000 to $1,999,000 

$500,000 to $999,000 

$200,000 to $499,000 

Less than $200,000 

Establishments not operated entire year 

Wallpaper wholesalers , total 

Establishments operated entire year with annual sales of — 

$2,000,000 and over 

$1,000,000 to $1,999,000 , 

$500,000 to $999,000 

$200,000 to $499,000 

Less than $200,000 

Establishments not operated entire year , 

FaiTD Products (Haw Materials) Merchants 

Cotton merchants , total 

Establishments operated entire year with annual sales of— 

$2,000,000 and over 

$1,000,000 to $1,999,000 , 

$500,000 to $999,000 

$200,000 to $499,000 , 

Less than $200,000 

Establishments not operated entire year 

Grain merchants, total 

Establishments operated entire year with annual sales of — 

$2,000,000 and over 

$1,000,000 to $1,999,000 

$500,000 to $999,000 

$200,000 to $499,000 

Less than $200,000 

Establishments not operated entire year 

Hide , alrtn , xaw fur wholesalers , total 

Establishments operated entire year with annual sales of — 

$2,000,000 and over 

$1,000,000 to $1,999,000 

$500,000 to $999,000 

$200,000 to $499,000 

Uss than $200,000 

Establishments not operated entire year 



15 
20 
34 
53 
104 
11 



127 

210 

234 

34 

1,130 

33 

57 

115 

245 

631 

49 



2,435 

102 
215 
383 
657 
1,029 
49 

865 

143 
111 
145 
168 
289 
9 

1,564 

21 
30 
90 
318 
1,059 
47 



11 

36 

134 

5 



236 


196 


98 


72 


75 


48 


77 


34 


80 


10 


15 


8 


975 


380 


290 


229 


105 


41 


165 


45 


203 


44 


187 


17 


25 


4 


577 


104 


32 


12 


58 


20 


91 


25 


127 


31 


257 


15 


12 


1 



10 
28 
65 
109 
137 



3 

9 

49 

123 

3 



22 

51 

104 

2 



L2 
48 
150 



18 

45 

122 

7 



Represents zero. 



2-44 



WHOLESALE TRADE-SUMMARY STATISTICS 



Table 2C. MERCHANT WHOLESALERS: 
OPERATING EXPENSE 



1954_FREQUENCY DISTRIBUTION BY SALES SIZE OF ESTABLISHMENT AND 
RATIO-UNITED STATES, BY KIND OF BUSINESS-Continued 



Kind of business and sales size of establishment 



Number of establishments having ratio of operating expense to sales of — 



All 
estab- 
lish- 
ments 



Less 
than 
5.0 
percent 



5.0 to 

6.9 
percent 



7.0 to 

8.9 

percent 



9.0 to 

10.9 
percent 



U.O to 

13.9 
percent 



K.O to 

16.9 
percent 



17.0 to 

19.9 
percent 



20.0 to 
percent 



25.0 to 

29.9 
percent 



30.0 to 

3^.9 
percent 



35.0 
percent 
or more 



Farm Products (Haw Materials) Merchants — Continued 

Livestock (except horses, mules) distributors, total 

Establishments operated entire year with annual sales of — 

$2 ,000 ,000 and over 

$1,000,000 to $1,999,000 

$500,000 to $999,000 

$200 ,000 to $499 ,000 

Less than $apO,000 

Establishments not operated entire year 

Leaf tobacco dealers , total 

Establishments operated entire year with annual sales of — 

$2,000,000 and over 

$1,000,000 to $1,999,000 

$500 ,000 to $999 ,000 

$200,000 to $499,000 

Less than $200,000 

Establishments not operated entire year 

Raw wool, wool tops, roohair dealers, total 

Establishments operated entire year with annual sales of — 

$2,000,000 and over 

$1,000,000 to $1,999,000 

$500,000 to $999,000 

$200,000 to $499,000 

Less than $200,000 

Establishments not operated entire year 

Other farm products (raw materials) distributors, total 

Establishments operated entire year with annual sales of — 

$2 ,000 ,000 and over 

$1,000,000 to $1,999,000 

$500,000 to $999,000 

$200,000 to $499,000 

Less than $200 ,000 

Establishments not operated entire year 

Automotive Wholesalers 

Motor vehicle distributors: 

New, used automobile distributors, total 

Establishments operated entire year with annual sales of- 

$2,000,000 and over 

$1,000,000 to $1,999,000 

$500 ,000 to $999 ,000 

$200,000 to $499,000 

Less than $200,000 

Establishments not operated entire year 

Truck and tractor (road type) dealers, total 

Establishments operated entire year with annual sales of- 

$2 ,000,000 and over 

$1,000,000 to $1,999,000 

$500,000 to $999,000 

$200,000 to $499,000 

Less than $200,000 

Establishments not operated entire year 

Automotive equipment, tire-tube wholesalers: 

Automotive parts, accessories Jobbers, total 

Establishments operated entire year with annual sales of- 

$2,000,000 and over 

$1,000,000 to $1,999,000 

$500,000 to $999,000 

$200,000 to $499,000 

Less than $200,000 

Establishments not operated entire year ._.... 

Garage equipment, tools distributors, total ,, 

Establishments operated entire year with annual sales of- 

$2,000,000 and over 

$1,000,000 to $1,999,000 

$500 ,000 to $999 ,000 

$200,000 to $499,000 

Less than $200,000 

Establishments not operated entire year 

Tire, tube wholesalers , total 

Establishments operated entire year with annual sales of- 

$2,000,000 and over 

$1,000,000 to $1,999,000 , 

$500,000 to $999,000 , 

$200,000 to $499,000 

Uss than $200,000 

Establishments not operated entire year , 

Electrical, Electronics, Appliance Distrtbutors 

Electrical apparatus, supplies distributors: 

General-lliie electrical goods distributors, total 

Establishments operated entire year with annual sales of' 

$2,000,000 and over 

$1,000,000 to $1,999,000 

$500,000 to $999,000 

$200,000 to $499,000 

Leas than. $200 ,000 

Establishments not operated entire year 

Wiring supplies distributors, total 

Establishments operated entire year with ann»ial sales of 

$2,000,000 and over 

$1,000,000 to $1,999,000 

$500,000 to $999,000: 

$200,000 to $499,000 

Less than $200,000 

Establlehments not operated entire year 



118 


110 


103 


89 


120 


78 


120 


68 


196 


31 


12 


5 


234 


47 


27 


7 


21 


10 


26 


6 



37 

104 
19 



38 
40 
76 
89 
280 
12 



38 
70 
119 
247 
393 
30 



48 
95 
212 
270 
30 

12,563 

107 
240 
675 
2,607 
8,584 
350 

207 



6 
18 

51 
120 



35 
110 
311 
695 

48 



294 
159 
58 
18 
20 
10 



178 
377 
611 
685 
52 



28 

103 



2 

102 

3 
10 
24 
36 



6 
18 
42 
93 
233 
20 



73 
34 
12 
4 

1 
1 

154 

13 
12 
36 
48 
38 
7 



14 
29 
67 
331 
9 



27 
51 
78 
109 
80 
7 



26 
42 
122 
528 
25 



57 


29 


24 


19 


12 


10 


2 


2 



20 
58 
91 

141 



17 
29 
65 
193 
648 
16 



31 


23 


32 


34 


5 


4 


2,319 


2,475 


20 


8 


58 


38 


166 


122 


554 


621 


1,475 


1,637 


46 


49 


37 


44 


2 


i 


3 


7 


7 


16 


23 


20 


2 




178 


150 




1 


5 


6 


18 


17 


61 


38 


89 


83 


5 


5 


15 


3 


6 


1 


2 




5 




1 


1 


1 


1 


232 


123 


1 


1 


10 


3 


33 


10 


76 


38 


105 


68 


7 


3 



16 

73 

402 

1,157 

43 



18 



7 
49 



21 

1 



1 
2 
2 
13 



1 

8 

10 

91 



22 

96 



35 
76 



3,117 

5 

20 

106 

496 

2,362 

128 



43 



2 

6 

30 

5 



1 
2 
17 
58 
221 
12 



2 


5 




3 


10 


17 


11 


38 


42 


145 


3 


5 



Represents zero. 



SIZE OF ESTABLISHMENT OR FIRM 



2-45 



Table 2C. MERCHANT WHOLESALERS: 1954-FREQUENCY DISTRIBUTION BY SALES SIZE OF ESTABLISHMENT AND 
OPERATING EXPENSE RATIO-UNITED STATES, BY KIND OF BUSINESS-Continued 



Kind of business and sales size of establishment 



Number of establishments having ratio of operating expense to sales of — 



All 
estab- 
lish- 
ments 



Less 
than 
5.0 
percent 



5.0 to 

6.9 

percent 



7.0 to 
8.9 
percent 



9.0 to 
10.9 
percent 



11.0 to 

13.9 
percent 



14.0 to 

16.9 
percent 



17.0 to 

19.9 
percent 



20.0 to 

24.9 
percent 



25.0 to 

29.9 
percent 



30.0 to 

34.9 

percent 



35.0 
percent 

or more 



Electrical, Electronics, Appliance Distributors— ^Icmtlnued 
Electrical apparatus, supplies distributors — Continued 

Electrical apparatus, equipment distributors, total 

Establishments operated entire year with annual sales of— 

$2,000,000 and over 

$1,000,000 to $1,999,000 

$500,000 to $999,000 

$200,000 to $499,000 

Less than $200,000 

Establishments not operated entire year 

Electrical appliance, radio, TV set wholesalers, total 

Establishments operated entire year with annual sales of — 

$2 ,000,000 and over 

$1,000,000 to $1,999,000 

$500,000 to $999,000 

$200,000 to $i99,000 

Less than $200,000 

Establishments not operated entire year 

Electronic parts, equipment distributors, total 

Establishments operated entire year with annual sales of — 

$2,000,000 and over 

$1,000,000 to $1,999,000 

$500,000 to $999,000 

$200,000 to $499,000 

Less than $200,000 

Establishments not operated entire year 

Hardware, Plumbing-Heating Goods Wholesalers 

Hardware wholesalers; 

General-line hardware wholesalers , total 

Establishments operated entire year with annual sales of— 

$2,000,000 and over 

$1,000,000 to $1,999,000 

$500,000 to $999,000 

$200,000 to $499,000 

Less than $200,000 

Establishments not operated entire year 

Specialty-line hardware wholesalers , total 

Establishments operated entire year with annual sales of- 

$2,000,000 and over 

$1,000,000 to $1,999,000 

$500,000 to $999,000 

$200,000 to $499,000 

Less than $200,000 

Establishments not operated entire year 

Plumbing, heating equipuent, supplies distributors; 

General-line plumbing-heating goods distributors, total 

EstablishiDents operated entire year with annual sales of- 

$2,000,000 and over 

$1,000,000 to $1,999,000 

$500,000 to $999,000 

$200,000 to $499,000 

Less than $200,000 

Establishments not operated entire year 

Heating equifnent distributors , total 

Establishments operated entire year with annual sales of- 

$2,000,000 and over 

$1,000,000 to $1,999,000 

$500,000 to $999,000 

$200,000 to $499,000 

Less than $200,000 

Establishments not operated entire year 

Plumbing fixtures, supplies distributors, total 

EstablishiDents operated entire year with annual sales of- 

$2,000,000 and over 

$1,000,000 to $1,999,000 

$500,000 to $999,000 

$200,000 to $499,000 

Less than $200,000 

Establishments not operated entire year. >.«... 

Lumber, Construction Materials Distributors 

Lumber, mlllwork wholesalers; 

Lumber wholesalers (without yards ) , total 

Establishments operated entire year with arjiual sales of- 

$2,000,000 and over 

$1,000,000 to $1,999,000 

$500,000 to $999,000 

$200,000 to $499,000 

Less thnn $200,000 

Establishments not operated entire year 

Lumber distributors (with yards), total 

Establishments operated entire year with annual sales of- 

$2,000,000 and over 

$1,000,000 to $1,999,000 

$500,000 to $999,000 

$200,000 to $499,000 

Less than $200,000 

Establishments not operated entire year 

Millwork, plywood distributors, total 

Establlstanents operated entire year with annual sales of- 

$2,000,000 aM over 

$1,000,000 to $1,999,000 

$500,000 to $999,000 

$200,000 to $499,000 

Less than $200,000 

Establishments not operated entire year 

Represents zero . 



19 
29 
67 
123 
353 
20 

2,065 

399 
288 
321 
414 
538 
105 

1,899 

22 

68 
204 
507 
988 
110 



220 
134 
182 
23 
43 
4 

1,531 

21 
35 

lis 

473 

834 

50 

1,703 

81 
231 
391 
493 
465 

42 



45 
133 
241 
447 

30 



84 
151 
305 
422 
439 

37 



182 


130 


233 


125 


277 


106 


310 


74 


607 


55 


69 


17 


124 


100 


123 


33 


161 


23 


212 


13 


297 


19 


303 


9 


28 


3 


502 


121 


117 


14 


227 


26 


28B 


27 


308 


28 


512 


24 


50 


2 



15 
20 
30 
28 
15 
6 

146 

22 
26 
30 
35 
27 
6 



142 
102 
78 
51 
57 
16 



30 
63 
79 
98 
47 
5 

105 

2 

6 

21 

33 

36 



26 
62 
140 
155 



18 
99 
135 

5 



1 
9 
26 
73 
129 
20 



34 




42 


11 


36 


23 


4 




9 









10 

56 

112 

6 



1 
10 



164 
10 



1 
2 

10 
41 
133 

14 



1 

10 

50 

284 

27 



2 
10 
63 

174 



12 

35 

108 



2 

U 

29 

120 



3 
3 
12 
19 
83 



4 


3 


4 


15 


10 


27 


35 


205 




14 


47 


164 




3 


5 


3 


9 


9 


14 


49 


18 


95 


1 


5 



22 
21 
192 
16 



2-46 



WHOLESALE TRADE-SUMMARY STATISTICS 



Table 2C. MERCHANT WHOLESALERS: 1954-FREQUENCY DISTRIBUTION BY SALES SIZE OF ESTABLISHMENT AND 
OPERATING EXPENSE RATIO-UNITED STATES, BY KIND OF BUSINESS-Continued 



Kind of business and sales size of establishment 



Number of establishments having ratio of operating expense to sales of — 



All 
estab- 
lish- 
ments 



Less 

than 

5.0 

percent 



5.0 to 
6.9 
percent 



7.0 to 

8.9 
percent 



9.0 to 
10.9 
percent 



11.0 to 
13.9 

percent 



U.O to 

16.9 
percent 



17.0 to 

19.9 
percent 



20.0 to 
24.9 
percent 



25.0 to 
29.9 
percent 



35.0 
percent 
or more 



Lumber, Construction Materials Distributors — Continued 

Construction materials distributors: 

Brick, tile distributors, total 

Establishments operated entire year with annual sales of- 

$2,000,000 and over 

$1,000,000 to $1,999,000 

$500,000 to $999,000 

$200,000 to $499,000 

Less than $200,000 

Establishments not operated entire year 



Cement, lime, plaster wholesalers, total 

Establishments operated entire year with annual sales of— 

$2,000,000 and over 

$1,000,000 to $1,999,000 

$500,000 to $999,000 

$200,000 to $499,000 

Less than $200,000 

Establishments not operated entire year 



Glass (building) distributors, total 

Establishments operated entire year with annual sales of- 

$2,000,000 and over 

$1,000,000 to $1,999,000 

$500,000 to $999,000 

$200,000 to $499,000 

Less than $200,000 

Establishments not operated entire year 



Ready-mixed concrete distributors , total 

Establishments operated entire year with annual sales of- 

$2 ,000,000 and over 

$1,000,000 to $1,999,000 

$500 ,000 to $999 ,000 

$200,000 to $499,000 

Less than $200,000 

Establishments not operated entire year 



Roofing, siding, insulation materials distributors, total... 
Establishments operated entire year with annual sales of— 

$2 ,000 ,000 and over 

$1,000,000 to $1,999,000 

$500,000 to $999,000 

$200,000 to $499,000 

Less than $200,000 

Establishments not operated entire year 



Sand, gravel, crushed stone distributors, total 

Establishments operated entire year with annual sales of- 

$2,000,000 and over 

$1,000,000 to $1,999,000 

$500,000 to $999,000 

$200,000 to $499,000 

Less than $200,000 

Establishments not operated entire year 



Other construction materials distributors, total 

Establishments operated entire year with annual sales of- 

$2 ,000,000 and over 

$1,000,000 to $1,999,000 

$500,000 to $999,000 

$200,000 to $499,000 

Less than $200,000 

Establishments not operated entire year 



Machinery, Equipment, Supplies Distributors 

Air conditioning, commercial refrigeration equipment 

distributors , total 

Establishments operated entire year with annual sales of — 

$2,000,000 and over 

$1,000,000 to $1,999,000 

$500,000 to $999,000 

$200,000 to $499,000 

Less than $200,000 

Establishments not operated entire year 



Commercial machines, equipment distributors: 

Office machines, equipment distributors, total 

Establishments operated entire year with annual i 

$2,000,000 and over 

$1,000,000 to $1,999,000 

$500,000 to $999,000 

$200,000 to $499,000 

Less than $200,000 

Establishments not operated entire year 



Restaurant, hotel supply houses (principally nonfood), total.. 
Establishments operated entire year with annual sales of— . 

$2,000,000 and over 

$1,000,000 to $1,999,000 

$500,000 to $999,000 

$200,000 to $499,000 

Less than $200,000 

Establishments not operated entire year 



Store machines, fixtures distributors, total 

Eatabllshroents operated entire year with annual sales of — 

$2,000,000 and over 

$1,000,000 to $1,999,000 

$500,000 to $999,000 

$200,000 to $499,000 

Less than $200,000 

Establishments not operated entire year 



95 
145 
172 

22 



83 
127 
291 

15 



188 
302 
509 
787 
151 



170 

207 

179 

35 



13 
29 
67 

461 
23 

1,471 

37 
132 
208 
366 
641 

87 



1,860 

12 
56 

151 

463 

1,096 

82 



1,421 

7 
10 
34 
141 
1,164 
65 

571 



127 
357 



1,087 

10 
49 
74 
235 
672 



2 
121 

5 
19 
21 
39 
34 

3 



4 


• •• 


7 


5 


38 


43 


2 




18 


33 




1 


1 


3 


1 


1 


2 


8 


14 


20 


53 


95 




1 


4 


8 


4 


14 


17 


22 


24 


45 


4 


5 



1 


1 


2 


2 


2 


2 


18 


13 


1 




134 


109 


2 


3 


22 


9 


26 


25 


34 


33 


45 


37 


5 


2 


165 


143 


16 


6 


16 


17 


59 


46 


65 


62 


9 


12 


57 


49 


1 


1 


6 


4 


49 


43 


1 


1 


51 


50 


1 


1 


) 


1 


6 


6 


11 


13 


32 


28 




1 


95 


88 


3 


2 


9 


3 


12 


6 


22 


29 


47 


47 


2 


1 



2 
3 
32 
78 
153 



123 
3 



5 


2 


6 


8 


18 


20 


2 


1 



3 
6 
37 
2 

132 



5 

11 

54 

140 



2 

la 

146 



112 
2 



50 
115 



1 
2 
10 
25 
47 



24 
3 



26 

57 

140 

6 

1,000 

15 
59 
125 
260 
463 
78 



2 

10 
10 
42 



3 

15 
39 
296 



3 
20 
25 
52 
232 
30 



2 

5 

28 

100 

410 

26 



552 
39 



2 


2 


6 


6 


15 


15 


32 


86 


1 


2 


00 


3U 


1 


1 


2 


6 


4 


5 


?3 


34 


67 


250 


3 


17 



.. Represents zero. 



SIZE OF ESTABLISHMENT OR FIRM 



2-47 



Table 2C. MERCHANT WHOLESALERS; IQ'ia-FREQUENCY DISTRIBUTION BY SALES SIZE OF ESTABLISHMENT AND 
OPERATING EXPENSE RATIO-UNITED STATES, BY KIND OF BUSINESS-Continued 



Kind of business and sales size of establishment 



Number of establishments having ratio of operating expense to sales of— 



All 
estab- 
lish- 
ments 



Less 
than 

5.0 
j>ercent 



5.0 to 

6.9 
percent 



7.0 to 

8.9 
percent 



9.0 to 

10.9 
percent 



11.0 to 

13.9 
percent 



U.O to 

16.9 
percent 



17.0 to 

19.9 
percent 



20.0 to 
2i.9 
percent 



25.0 to 
29.9 
percent 



30.0 to 

34.9 
percent 



35.0 
percent 
or more 



Machinery, Equipment, Supplies Distributors — Continued 
Coonerclal machines, equipment distributors — Continued 

Other conmercial machines, equipment distributors, total.... 
Establishntents operated entire year with annual sales of- 

$2 ,000 ,000 and over 

$1,000,000 to $1,999,000 

$500,000 to $999,000 

$200,000 to $499,000 

Less than $200,000 

Establishments not operated entire year 

Construction machinery, equipment dealers, total 

Establishments operated entire year with annual sales of — 

$2 ,000,000 and over 

$1,000,000 to $1,999,000 

$500,000 to $999,000 

$200,000 to $499,000 

Less than $200,000 

Establishments not operated entire year 

Farm-garden machinery, equipcnent wholesalers: 

Garden machinery, equipment wholesalers, total 

Establishments operated entire year with annual sales of- 

$2 ,000 ,000 and over 

$1,000,000 to $1,999,000 

$500,000 to $999,000 

$200,000 to $499,000 

Less than $200 ,000 

Establishments not Operated entire year 

Farm, dairy machinery, equipment (includiJig tractors) 

wholesalers , total 

Establishments operated entire year with annual sales of- 

$2 ,000,000 and over 

$1,000,000 to $1,999,000 

$500,000 to $999,000 

$200,000 to $499,000 

Uss than $200,000 

Establishments not operated entire year 

Industrial machinery, equipment distributors: 

Food processing machinery, equipcient distributors, total.... 
Establishments operated entire year with annual sales of- 

$2 ,000 ,000 and over 

$1,000,000 to $1,999,000 

$500,000 to $999,000 

$200 ,000 to $499 ,000 

Less than $200,000 

Establishments not operated entire year 

General- purpose industrial machinery, equiproent 

distributors , total 

Establishments operated entire year with annual sales of- 

$2,000,000 and over 

$1,000,000 to $1,999,000 

$500,000 to $999,000 

$200,000 to $499,000 

Less than $200,000 

Establishments not operated entire year 

Metalworklng machinery, equipment dealers, total 

Establishments operated entire year with annual sales of- 

$2,000,000 and over 

$1,000,000 to $1,999,000 

$500,000 to $999,000 

$200,000 to $499,000 , 

Less than $200 ,000 

Establishments not operated entire year , 

Oil well supply houses , total ■ 

Establishments operated entire year with annual sales of- 

$2,000,000 and over 

$1,000,000 to $1,999,000 , 

$500,000 to $999,000 , 

$200 ,000 to $499 ,000 , 

Less than $200,000 

Establishments not operated entire year 

Printing machinery, equipment distributors, total... .- 

Establishments operated entire year with annual sales of- 

$2,000,000 ani over 

$1,000,000 to $1,999,000 , 

$500,000 to $999,000 

$200,000 to $499,000 

Less than $200,000 

Establishments not operated entire year 

Used machinery dealers, total. ............••....•■••.■■... . 

Establishnents operated entire year with annual sales of- 

$2,000,000 and over 

$1,000,000 to $1,999,000 

$500 ,000 to $999 ,000 

$200,000 to $499,000 

Less than $200,000 

Establishments not operated entire year 

Other Indostrial machinery, equifraent distributors, total.. 
Establishments operated entire year with annual sales of- 

$2,000,000 and over 

$1 ,000,000 to $1 ,999 ,000 

$500,000 to $999,000 

$200,000 to $499,000 

Less than $200,000 

Establishments not operated entire year 

... Represents zero. 



3 

3 

7 

20 

103 



1,640 



177 


3 


275 


2 


297 


3 


349 


6 


481 


10 



3 

26 

56 

135 

6 



52 
56 

110 
207 
424 

30 



13 
29 
34 
88 
190 
13 



26 
69 

159 
346 
729 

50 



50 
60 
96 
227 
455 
26 

1,208 

86 
179 
233 

288 
369 

53 



42 
131 



26 

199 

9 

1,423 

32 
50 
117 
312 
854 
58 



14 


15 


10 


13 


17 


14 


15 


26 


36 


38 


4 


3 



4 


1 


10 


1 


5 


5 


16 


6 


13 


17 




2 



7 
19 
38 
46 

3 

111 

2 

9 



3 
11 
25 
66 
102 

3 



49 

109 

2 



48 
2 



5 
20 
56 
187 
17 



q 


32 




4 


53 


128 


1 


3 


2 




5 


3 


14 


21 


30 


95 


1 


6 



5 
12 
60 

4 



27 

55 

277 

21 



2 
6 

35 
165 

11 



4 
6 
31 
138 
14 



13 
65 



8 

105 



6 


15 


30 


60 


75 


305 


9 


21 



2-48 



WHOLESALE TRADE-SUMMARY STATISTICS 



Table 2C MERCHANT WHOLESALERS: 1954-FREQUENCY DISTRIBUTION BY SALES SIZE OF ESTABLISHMENT AND 
OPERATING EXPENSE RATIO-UNITED STATES, BY KIND OF BUSINESS-Continued 



Kind of business and sales size of eatabliahment 



Number of establishments having ratio of operating expense to sales of — 



All 
estab- 
lish- 
ments 



Less 

than 

5.0 

percent 



5.0 to 
6.9 

percent 



7.0 to 

8.9 
percent 



9.0 to 

10.9 
percent 



11.0 to 

13.9 
percent 



U.O to 

16.9 
percent 



17.0 to 

19.9 
percent 



20.0 to 

24.9 

percent 



25.0 to 
29.9 
percent 



30.0 to 

34.9 
percent 



35.0 
percent 
or more 



Machinery, Equipment, Supplies Distributors — Continued 

Industrial materials, supplies distributors: 

torasives, abrasive materials distributors, total 

Establishments operated entire year with annual sales of- 

$2,000,000 and over 

$1,000,000 to $1,999,000 

$500,000 to $999,000 

$200,000 to $499,000 

Less than $200,000 

Establishments not. operated entire year 

Mechanical power transmission equiprient distributors, total. 
Establishments operated entire year with annual sales of- 

$2,000,000 and over 

$1,000,000 to $1,999,000 

$500,000 to $999,000 

$200,(XX) to $499,000 

Less than $200,000 

Establishments not operated entire year 

Mechanical rubber goods distributors, total 

Establishments operated entire year with annual sales of- 

$2,000,000 and over 

$1,000,000 to $1,999,000 

$500,000 to $999,000 

$200,000 to $499,000 

Less than $200,000 

Establishments not operated entire year 

Rope , cordage distributors , total 

Establishments operated entire year with annual sales of- 

$2 ,000,000 and over 

$1,000,000 to $1,999,000 

$500,000 to $999,000 

$200,000 to $499,000 

Less than $200,000 

Establishments not operated entire year 

Valves, fittings {except plumbing) distributors, total 

Establishments operated entire year with annual sales of- 

$2,000,000 and over 

$1,000,000 to $1,999,000 

$500,000 to $999,000 

$200,000 to $499,000 

Less than $200,000 

Establishments not operated entire year 

Reconditioned drum, barrel distributors, total 

Efltabllahments operated entire year with annual sales of- 

$2,000,000 and over 

$1,000,000 to $1,999,000 

$500,000 to $999,000 

$200,000 to $499,000 

Less than $200,000 

Establishments not operated entire year 

Other industrial materials, supplies distributors, total.,.. 
Establishments operated entire year with annual sales of- 

$2,000,000 and over 

$1,000,000 to $1,999,000 

$500,000 to $999,000 

$200,000 to $499,000 

Less than $200,000 , 

Establishments not operated entire year 

Professional equipment, supplies distributors: 

Dental supply houses , total ',i 

Establishments operated entire year with annual sales of- 

$2,000,000 and over 

$1,000,000 to $1,999,000 , 

$500,000 to $999,000 

$200,000 to $499,000 

Less than $200,000 

Establishments not operated entire year 

Religious supply houses, total 

Establishments operated entire year with annual sales of. 

$2 ,000 ,000 and over 

$1,000,000 to $1,999,000 

$500,000 to $999,000 

$200,000 to $499,000 

Less than $200,000 

Establishments not operated entire year 

School supply houses , total 

Establishments operated entire year with annual sales of- 

$2,000,000 and over 

$1,000,000 to $1,999,000 

$500,000 to $999 ,(X)0 

$200,000 to $499,000 

Less than $200 ,000 

Establishments not operated entire year 

Surgical, medical, hospital supply houses, total ;. 

Establishments operated entire year with annual sales of- 

$2,000,000 and over 

$1,000,000 to $1,999,000 

$500,000 to $999,000 

$200,000 to $499,000 

Less than $200,000 

Establishments not operated entire year 



14 

49 

125 

128 

17 



47 
76 
132 



14 
61 
277 



2,934 



14 
31 
61 
133 



18 

52 

103 

200 

404 

23 



122 


10 


234 


10 


340 


12 


655 


17 


1,485 


16 


98 


6 



46 


1 


128 


1 


300 


2 


9 




134 


3 


2 




5 




7 




29 




90 


3 



18 
33 
39 

72 
127 



73 
89 
112 



1 


4 


2 


2 


3 


20 


8 


13 


40 


6 


10 


24 


1 


1 




29 


34 


53 


1 




1 




2 


3 


6 


10 


7 


10 


12 


15 


11 


10 


25 



87 
155 
216 

21 



1 


1 


4 


3 


10 


5 


6 


18 


14 


17 



6 

17 
33 
70 
147 
12 



39 

170 



5 
18 



9 

28 

6 



1 
9 
U 
39 
3 



27 
3 



10 
36 
150 



2 

5 

19 

71 

498 

21 



3 
16 
70 

6 



5 

1 

10 

22 

1 

41 
1 



27 
4 



2 

1 
22 

144 
6 



Represents zero. 



SIZE OF ESTABLISHMENT OR FIRM 



2-49 



Table 2C. MERCHANT WHOLESALERS: 
OPERATING EXPENSE 



19^-4-FREQUENCY DLSTRIBUTION BY SALES SIZE OF ESTABLISHMENT AND 
RATIO-UNITED STATES, BY KIND OF BUSINESS-Continued 



Kind of business and sales size of establishment 



Machijiery, Equlpioent Supplies Distributors — Continued 
Professional equipcnent, supplies distributors — Continued 

Optical goods wholesalers, total •.•>■■ >■■.■■ 

Establishments operated entire year with annual sales of' 

$2,000,000 and over 

$1,000,000 to $1,999,000 

$500,000 to $999,000 

$200 ,000 to $499 ,000 

Less than $200,000 

Establishments not operated entire year 

Other professional supplies distributors, total 

Establishments operated entire year with annual sales of' 

$2,000,000 and over 

$1,000,000 to $1,999,000 

$500,000 to $999,000 

$200,000 to $499,000 

Less than $200,000 

Establishments not operated entire year 

Service establishment supply houses: 

Beauty , barber supply houses , total 

Establishments operated entire year with annual sales of' 

$2,000,000 and over 

$1,000,000 to $1,999,000 

$500,000 to $999,000 

$200,000 to $499,000 

Less than $200,000 

Establishments not operated entire year 

Janitors' supply houses, total 

Establishments operated entire year with annual sales of- 

$2 ,000 ,000 and over 

$1,000,000 to $1,999,000 

$500,000 to $999,000 , 

$200,000 to $499,000 , 

Less than $200,000 

Establishments not operated entire year.,, 

Laundry, dry cleaning supply houses, total. •.•.•..,..,,,.., , 
Establlshioents operated entire year with annual sales of- 

$2,000,000 and over , 

$1,000,000 to $1,999,000 , 

$500,000 to $999,000 , 

$200,000 to $499,000 , 

Less than $200,000 , 

Establishments not operated entire year.*....... ..< 

Shoe service wholesalers, total , 

Establishments operated entire year with annual sales of- 

$2,000,000 and over , 

$1,000,000 to $1,999,000 , 

$500,000 to $999,000 , 

$200,000 to $499,000 

Less than $200j000 , 

Establishments not operated entire year , 

Undertakers ' supply houses , total , 

Establishments operated entire year with annual sales of- 

$2,000,000 and over , 

$1,000,000 to $1,999,000 , 

$500,000 to $999,000 , 

$200,000 to $499,000 

Less than $200 ,000 , 

Establishments not operated entire year , 

Upholsterers ' supply bouses , total ...■....■.■ 

Establishments operated entire year with annual sales of- 

$2,000,000 and over 

$1,000,000 to $1,999,000 

$500,000 to $999,000 

$200,000 to $499,000 

Less than $200,000 

Establishments not operated entire year..... 

Welders ' supply houses , total 

Establishments operated entire year with annual sales of- 

$2,000,000 and over 

$1,000,000 to $1,999,000 

$500,000 to $999,000 , 

$200,000 to $499,000 , 

Less than $200,000 , 

Establishments not operated entire year 

Other service establishment supply houses, total , 

Establishments operated entire year with annual sales of- 

$2 ,000 ,000 a«l over 

$1,000,000 to $1,999,000 

$500^000 to $999,000 , 

$200,000 to $499,000 , 

Less than $200,000 , 

Establishments not operated entire year 

Transportation equipment distributors: 

Aircraft, aeronautical equijiDent, parts distributors, total. 
Estatllshments operated entire year with annual sales of- 

$2,000,000 and over 

$1,000,000 to $1,999,000 

$500,000 to $999,000 

$200,000 to $499,000 

Less than $200,000 

Establishments not operated entire year 

... Represents zero. 



Number of establishments having ratio of operating expense to sales of- 



All 


Legs 


estab- 


than 


lloh- 


5.0 


mt^iits 


percent 



136 
54- 



329 
18 



9 
26 
178 
657 
28 



660 
33 



5 
20 
46 
112 
227 
31 



32 
107 
330 



2 
22 

107 
6 



31 
83 
128 



1,000 



222 
58 

674 
35 

1,198 

12 
37 
79 
215 
816 
39 



11 
16 
i3 
109 
254 
17 



5.0 to 
6.9 
percent 



7.0 to 
8.9 
percent 



9.0 to 
10.9 
percent 



11.0 to 
13.9 
percent 



U.O to 

16.9 
percent 



17.0 to 

19.9 
percent 



46 


64 




1 


1 


15 


16 


23 


27 


20 


2 


5 


55 


67 




1 


4 


5 


13 


14 


37 


46 


1 


1 


9 


8 


1 




1 


1 


7 


7 


27 


33 


2 




1 




1 


6 


7 


13 


16 


13 




1 


60 


72 


1 


1 


1 


1 


7 


18 


2 


6 


47 


46 


2 




83 


101 


3 


3 


7 


7 


22 


24 


48 


63 


3 


4 


15 


38 




5 


2 


1 


3 


5 


5 


8 


5 


17 




2 



20.0 to 

24.9 
percent 



10 
107 



25.0 to 

29.9 
percent 



20 
105 

5 



30.0 to 

34.9 
percent 



56 

13 
U3 



9 
45 
110 



35.0 
percent 
or more 



102 
4 



2-50 



WHOLESALE TRADE-SUMMARY STATISTICS 



Table 2C. MERCHANT WHOLESALERS: 1954-FREQUENCY DISTRIBUTION BY SALES SIZE OF ESTABLISHMENT AND 
OPERATING EXPENSE RATIO-UNITED STATES, BY KIND OF BUSINESS-Continued 



Kind of business and sales size of establishment 



Number of establishments having ratio of operating expense to sales of — 



All 
estab- 
lish- 
ments 



Less 
than 
5.0 
percent 



5.0 to 
6.9 

percent 



7.0 to 

8.9 
percent 



9.0 to 

10.9 
perc ent 



11.0 to 
13.9 
percent 



U.O to 

16.9 
percent 



17.0 to 
19.9 

percent 



20.0 to 
percent 



25.0 to 
29.9 

percent 



30.0 to 

3^.9 
percent 



35.0 
percent 
or more 



Machinery, Equipnent Supplies Distributors — Continued 

Transportation equipment distributors — Continued 

Marine machinery, equipment distributors, total 

Establishments operated entire year with annual sales of- 

$2 ,000 ,000 and over 

$1,000,000 to $1,999,000 

$500,000 to $999,000 

$200,000 to $499,000 

Less than $200,000 

Establishments not operated entire year 

Railroad equipment distributors, total. ....>..••••• • • 

Establishments operated entire year with annual sales of- 

$2,000,000 and over 

$1,000,000 to $1,999,000 

$500,000 to $999,000 

$200,000 to $499,000 

Less than $200,000 

Establishments not operated entire year 

Other transportation equipment distributors, total., 

Establishments operated entire year with annual sales of- 

$2,000,000 and over 

$1,000,000 to $1,999,000 

$500,000 to $999,000 

$200,000 to $499,000 

Less than $200,000 

Establishments not operated entire year 

Metals, Metalwork (Except Scrap) Distributors 

Iron, steel and products distributors, total 

Establishments operated entire year with annual sales of — 

$2 ,000 ,000 and over 

$1,000,000 to $1,999,000 

$500 ,000 to $999 ,000 

$200 ,000 to $499 ,000 

Less than $200,000 

Establishments not operated entire year 

Nonf errous metals distributors , total 

Establishments operated entire year with annual sales of — 

$2 ,000 ,000 and over 

$1,000,000 to $1,999,000 

$500,000 to $999,000 

$200,000 to $499,000 

Less than $200,000 

Establishments not operated entire year 

Scrap, Waste Materials Dealers 

Iron, steel scrap dealers: 

Iron, steel scrap dealers (with processing, preparation 

equi pment ) , total 

Establishments operated entire year with annual sales of- 

$2,000,000 and over 

$l,OuO,000 to $1,999,000 

$500,000 to $999,000 

$200,000 to $499,000 

Less than $200,000 

Establishments not operated entire year 

Iron, steel scrap dealers (without processing, preparation 

equipment ) , total 

Establishments operated entire year with annual sales of- 

$2 ,000 ,000 and over 

$1,000,000 to $1,999,000 

$500,000 to $999,000 

$200,000 to $499,000 

Less than $200,000 

Establishments not operated entire year 

Waste materials dealers: 

Konferrous metallic scrap dealers, total 

Establishments operated entire year with annual sales of- 

$2,000,000 and over 

$1,000,000 to $1,999,000 

$500,000 to $999,000 

$200,000 to $499,000 

Less than $200,000 

Establishments not operated entire year 

Waste paper dealers, total 

Establishments operated entire year with annual sales of- 

$2,000,000 and over 

$1 ,000 ,000 to $1 ,999 ,000 

$500,000 to $999,000 

$200,000 to $499,000 

Less than $200,000 , 

Establishments not operated entire year < 

Wiping cloth dealers , total 

Establishments operated entire year with annual sales of- 

$2,000,000 and over 

$1,000,000 to $1,999,000 

$500,000 to $999 ,000 

$200,000 to $499,000 

Less than $200,000 

Establishments not operated entire year 

Rags, textile warte dealers, total 

Establishments operated entire year with annual sales of. 

$2,000,000 and over 

$1,000,000 to $1,999,000 

$500,000 to $999,000 

$200,000 to $499,000 

Less than $200 ,000 

Establishments not operated entire year 

... Represents zero. 



90 
223 



2,693 

242 
286 
396 
672 
1,002 
93 



73 
122 
175 

25 



2,202 

57 
95 
226 

395 

1,379 

50 



35 

83 

1,298 



1,518 



119 


14 


2i5 


15 


999 


16 


il 


3 


124 


10 


13 


1 


31 




43 


3 


137 


4 


868 


2 


32 




229 


1 


2 




19 




69 




134 


1 


5 




784 


32 


17 


4 


35 


6 


77 


7 


141 


4 


494 


9 


20 


2 



73 

96 

U7 

8 



131 
2 



3 

5 

16 

35 

143 
5 

130 



55 


27 


1 


1 


1 




6 


2 


14 


4 


30 


19 


3 


1 



329 

2 
S 
39 

73 

200 



13 
25 

55 

160 



13 

90 

5 

111 



5 
36 



2 

3 

29 



5 
2 
20 
2 



29 
49 
109 
366 
29 



20 
43 



9 
46 



16 
518 
17 



2 
26 
242 



5 

11 
58 

488 
19 

111 



43 

48 

5 

167 



SIZE OF ESTABLISHMENT OR FIRM 



2-51 



Table 2C. MERCHANT WHOLESALERS: 1954-FREQUENCY DISTRIBUTION BY SALES SIZE OF ESTABLISHMENT AND 
OPERATING EXPENSE RATIO-UNITED STATES, BY KIND OF BUSINESS-Continued 



Number of establlehraents having ratio of operating expense to sales of — 



Kind of business and sales size of establishment 



All 
estab- 
lish- 
ments 



Less 
than 
5.0 
percent 



5.0 to 
6.9 
percent 



7.0 to 
8.9 
percent 



9.0 to 
10.9 
percent 



11.0 to 
U.9 
percent 



U.O to 

16.9 
percent 



17.0 to 

19.9 
percent 



20.0 to 
2i.9 
percent 



25.0 to 

29.9 
percent 



30.0 to 
34.9 
percent 



35.0 
percent 
or more 



Scrap, Waste Materials Dealers— Continued 

Vaffte materials dealers — Continued 

Other waste nateri als dealers , total 

Establishments operated entire year with annual sales of — 

$2,000,000 and over ■ 

$1,000,000 to $1,999,000 

$500,000 to $999,000 

$200,000 to $499,000 

Uss than $200,000 

Establishments not operated entire year 

Other Merchant Wholesalers 

Amusement, sporting goods distributors: 

Cameras, photographic supplies distributors, total 

Establishments operated entire year vrlth annual sales of — 

$2,000,000 and over 

$1,000,000 to $1,999,000 

$500,000 to $999,000 

$200,000 to $499,000 

Less than $200,000 

Establishments not operated entire year 



Sporting goods wholesalers , total 

Establishments operated entire year with annual sales of- 

$2,000,000 and over 

$1,000,000 to $1,999,000 

$500,000 to $999,000 

$200,000 to $499,000 

Less than $200,000 

Establishments not operated entire year 



Toys, games, fireworks wholesalers, total • 

Establishments operated entire year with annual sales of— 

$2,000,000 and over 

$1,000,000 to $1,999,000 

$500,000 to $999,000 

$200,000 to $499,000 

Less than $200,000 

Establishments not operated entire year 



Other recreation goods wholesalers, total 

Establishments operated entire year with annual sales of- 

$2,000,000 and over 

$1,000,000 to $1,999,000 

$500,000 to $999,000 

$200,000 to $499,000 

Less than $200,000 

Establishments not operated entire year 



Book, magazine, newspaper wholesalers, total 

Establishments operated entire year with annual sales of — 

$2,000,000 and over 

$1,000,000 to $1,999,000 

$500,000 to $999,000 

$200,000 to $499 ,000 

Less than $200,000, 

Establishments not operated entire year 



Coal wholesalers: 

Coal wholesalers (without yard or dock stocks), total., 

Establishments operated entire year with annual sales of— 

$2 ,000 ,000 and over 

$1,000,000 to $1,999,000 

$500,000 to $999,000 

$200,000 to $499,000 

Less than $200,000 

Establishments not operated entire year 



Coal wholesalers (with coal yard ) , total 

Establishments operated entire year with annual sales of- 

$2,000,000 and over 

$1,000,000 to $1,999,000 

$500,000 to $999,000 

$200,000 to $499,000 

Less than $200,000 

Establishments not operated entire year 



Farm supplies wholesalers: 

Feed wholesalers , total 

Zstablishjnents operated entire year with annual sales of— 

$2,000,000 and over 

$1,000,000 to $1,999,000 

$500,000 to $999,000 

$200,000 to $499,000 

Less than $200,000 

Establishments not operated entire year 



Fertilizer, agriciatural chemical distributors, total 

Establishments operated entire year with annual sales of- 

$2,000,000 and over 

$1,000,000 to $1,999,000 

$500,000 to $999,000 

$200,000 to $499,000 

Less than $200,000 

Establishments not operated entire year.. 



Seed wholesalers , total •• • 

Establishments operated entire year with annual sales of- 

$2,000,000 and over 

$1,000,000 to $1,999,000 

$500,000 to $999,000 

$200,000 to $499,000 

Less than $200,000 

Establishments not operated entire year 



658 
25 



22 
26 
60 
130 
225 



19 
26 
59 
133 
325 
17 



14 
36 
80 
206 
440 
29 



14 
24 
53 
153 
378 
24 



49 

81 

143 

419 

1,169 

58 



59 
54 
77 
95 
196 



1,067 

70 

81 

138 

297 

449 

32 



27 
34 
55 
109 
262 
20 



118 

154 

224 

17 



132 

10 
8 
19 
46 
44 
5 



1 


2 


2 


6 


21 


22 


17 


35 


4 


4 



1 


1 


2 


1 


4 


7 


8 


46 


3 


2 



14 

36 

131 

9 



6 


5 


11 


13 


8 


25 


21 


22 


18 


14 


2 


4 



6 


12 


26 


20 


39 


26 


1 


4 



22 
60 

108 



11 
38 
111 
166 
12 



184 

3 

8 

11 

38 

119 

5 



5 
13 



3 
134 



4 
11 
106 
11 



5 

1 
10 
18 
65 

1 



. . Represents zero. 



2-52 



WHOLESALE TRADE-SUMMARY STATISTICS 



Table 2C, MERCHANT WHOLESALERS: 1954-FREQUENCY DISTRIBUTION BY SALES SIZE OF ESTABLISHMENT AND 
OPERATING EXPENSE RATIO-UNITED STATES, BY KIND OF BUSINESS-Continued 



Kind of business and sales size of establishment 



Number of establishments having ratio of operating expense to sales of — 



All 
estab- 
lish- 
ments 



Less 

than 

5.0 

percent 



5.0 to 
6.9 
percent 



7.0 to 

8.9 
percent 



9.0 to 
10.9 
percent 



11.0 to 

13.9 
percent 



U.O to 

16.9 
percent 



17.0 to 

19.9 
percent 



20. to 

2'i.9 
percent 



25.0 to 

29.9 
percent 



30.0 to 

34.9 
percent 



35.0 
percent 
or more 



Other Merchant Wholesalers — Continued 

Farm supplies wholesalers — Continued 

Other farm supplies wholesalers, total 

Establishments operated entire year with annual sales uf- 

$2,000,000 and over 

$1,000,000 to $1,999,000 

$500,000 to $999,000 

$200,000 to $499,000 

Less than $200,000 

Establishments not operated entire year 

Jewelry wholesalers: 

General-line jewelry wholesalers , total 

Establishments operated entire year with annual sales of- 

$2,000,000 and over 

$1,000,000 to $1,999,000 

$500,000 to $999,000 

$200,000 to $499,000 

Less than $200,000 

Establishments not operated entire year 

Clocks , watches wholesalers , total ...••• 

Establishments operated entire year with annual sales of- 

$2,000,000 and over 

$1,000,000 to $1,999,000 

$500,000 to $999,000 

$200,000 to $499,000 

Less than $200,000 

Establishments not operated entire year 

Costume jewelry wholesalers, total 

Establishments operated entire year with annual sales of- 

$2,000,000 and over 

$1,000,000 to $1,999,000 

$500,000 to $999,000 

$200,000 to $499,000 

Less than $200,000 

Establishments not operated entire year 

Precious stones distributors, total ,.... 

Establishments operated entire year with annual sales of- 

$2,000,000 and over 

$1,000,000 to $1,999,000 

$500,000 to $999,000 

$200,000 to $499,000 

Less than $200,000 

Establishments not operated entire year 

Watch materials. Jewelers' tools distributors, total 

Establishments operated entire year with annual sales of- 

$2,000,000 and over 

$1,000,000 to $1,999,000 

$500,000 to $999,000 

$200,000 to $499,000 

Less than $200,000 

Establishments not operated entire year 

Other jewelry wholesalers, total 

Establishments operated entire year with annual sales of- 

$2,000,000 and over 

$1,000,000 to $1,999,000 

$500,000 to $999,000 

$200,000 to $499,000 

Less than $200,000 

Establishments not operated entire year 

Petroleum products distributors, total 

Establishments operated entire year with annual sales of — 

$2,000,000 and over 

$1,000,000 to $1,999,000 

$500,000 to $999,000 

$200,000 to $499,000 

Less than $200,000 

Establishments not operated entire year 

Gift, art goods, greeting card wholesalers: 

Gift, art goods wholesalers, total 

Establishments operated entire year with annual sales of- 

$2,000,000 and over 

$1,000,000 to $1,999,000 

$500,000 to $999,000 

$200,000 to $499,000 

Less than $200,000 

Establishments not operated entire year 

Greeting card distributors , total 

Establishments operated entire year with annual sales of- 

$2,000,000 and over 

$1,000,000 to $1,999,000 

$500,000 to $999,000 

$200,000 to $499,000 

Less than $200,000 

Establishments not operated entire year 

Flower, bulb, plant wholesalers: 

Flower (cut), potted plant wholesalers, total 

Establishments operated entire year with annual sales of- 

$2,000,000 and over , 

$1,000,000 to $1,999,000 

$500,000 to $999,000 , 

$200,000 to $499,000 

Less than $200,000 

Establishments not operated entire year 

... Represents zero. 



7 
20 
66 
100 
36 

5 



31 

81 

200 

11 



7 

16 

42 

111 

320 

17 



10 
37 
70 
120 
254 



1 
2 
10 
27 
127 



21 

45 
152 
715 

30 



97 
145 
229 
546 
1,161 

82 



18 
43 

119 
524 
27 



12 

37 

187 

6 



72 
206 
522 

32 



48 
92 

111 



26 
30 
67 
117 
22 



6 


1 


8 


10 


10 


16 


20 


34 


2 


1 



11 

36 
57 

118 
5 



1 


1 


3 


1 


8 


9 


16 


26 




1 


10 


20 



9 

22 

114 

6 



62 
1 



19 
78 
2 



1 
1 
2 
8 
40 
1 



2 

15 
150 



1 


2 


2 


4 


4 


22 


13 


55 


51 


269 


2 


17 



1 

5 
2 

23 

178 
9 



2 
6 

17 

70 
1 



3 


2 


4 


10 


10 


25 


32 


197 


2 


11 



SIZE OF ESTABLISHMENT OR FIRM 



2-53 



Table :C. MERCHANT WHOLESALERS: 19'i4-FREQUENCY DISTRIBUTION BY SALES SIZE OF ESTABLISHMENT AND 
OPERATING EXPENSE RATIO-UNITED STATES, BY KIND OF BUSINESS-ContinueJ 



Number of establishments having ratio of operating expense to sales of- 



Klnd of business and sales size of establishment 



All 
estab- 
lish- 
ments 



Less 

than 

5.0 

percent 



5.0 to 
6.9 
percent 



7.0 to 

8.9 
percent 



9.0 to 
10.9 
percent 



11.0 to 
13.9 
percent 



14. to 
16.9 
percent 



17.0 to 
19.9 
percent 



20.0 to 
24.9 
percent 



25.0 to 
29.9 
percent 



30.0 to 
34.9 
percent 



35.0 
percent 
or more 



Other Merchant Wholesalers — Continued 

Flower, bulb, plant wholesalers — Continued 

Bulb , plant distributors , total ,,........ 

Establishments operated entire year with annual sales of- 

$2,000,000 and over 

$1,000,000 to $1,999,000 

$500,000 to $999,000 

$20.1,000 to $499,000 

Less than $200,000 

Establishments not operated entire year 

Miscellaneous products merchant wholesalers : 

Forest products (except lumber) distributors, total 

Establishments operated entire year with annual sales of- 

$2,000,000 and over 

$1,000,000 to $1,999,000 

$500,000 to $999,000 

$200,000 to $499,000 

Less than $200,000 

EETtablishments not operated entire year 

General merchandise distributors, total 

Establishments operated entire year with annual sales of- 

$2,000,000 and over 

$1,000,000 to $1,999,000 

$500,000 to $999,000 

$200,000 to $499,000 

Less than $200,000 

Establishments not operated entire year 

Leather goods wholesalers , total 

Establishments operated entire year with annual sales of- 

$2,000,000 and over 

$1,000,000 to $1,999,000 

$500,000 to $999 ,000 

$200,000 to $499,000 

Less than $200,000 

Establishments not operated entire year 

Musical instrument, sheet nrusic wholesalers, total 

Establishments operated entire year with annual sales of- 

$2,000,000 and over 

$1,000,000 to $1,999,000 

$500,000 to $999,000 

$200,000 to $499,000 

Less than $200,000 

Establishments not operated entire year 

Industrial yams wholesalers, total 

Establishments operated entire year with annual sales of- 

$2,000,000 and over 

$1,000,000 to $1,999,000 

$500,000 to $999,000 

$200,000 to $499,000 

Less than $200,000 

Establishments not operated entire year 

Bags, bagging, burlap (textiles) distributors, total 

Establishments operated entire year with annual sales of- 

$2,000,000 and over 

$1,000,000 to $1,999,000 

$500,000 to $999,000 

$200,000 to $499,000 

Less than $200,000 

Establishments not operated entire year 

Food, beverage basic material distributors, total 

Establishments operated entire year with annual sales of- 

$2,000,000 and over 

$1,000,000 to $1,999,000 

$500,000 to $999,000 

$200,000 to $499,000 

Lees than $200,000 

Establishments not operated entire year 

All other merchant wholesalers, total 

■Establishments operated entire year with annual sales of- 

$2,000,000 and over 

$1,000,000 to $1,999,000 

$500,000 to $999,000 

$200,000 to $499,000 

Less than $200,000 

Establishments not operated entire year 



65 
60 

79 
136 
236 

18 



97 
291 

15 



10 
31 
48 
143 
252 
25 



17 

34 

60 

142 

391 



50 
27 
40 
88 
391 
43 



1 


1 


3 


2 


5 


8 


4 


20 


1 


1 



Represents zerO' 



2-54 



WHOLESALE TRADE-SUMMARY STATISTICS 



a a aa aa a • ■ -a 



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1 to -^ xD CT- -J- 

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m to ^ to r^ >D 

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^ .-^^j--} eo^-- (M'nc^JS^I--.H ^Ji^-Dineo-H *tM^o-*^ -o-irHiO-^CTi 



to in c-j r« r> 



3(^nQCT>n <n>nr--n'^c^ r-CT-ot-^r- 

tp%.-(0(^'0 oorHih^tOfH r-inj^ooit- 

SoO'n.HCTt'O iHCTiOJ-OOJ»H 'OOO'p-lVO 

s-i>>tr\r\j.-) -tf-iOtOO'H ^cv-Om-jto 



\-0 «0»H(J>t^Or 



8.HrtrH(^-j oomcg-omQ QOojoooot^Q 
^■■>»ni<^<M inCT>ooMru5 .nrjvo^^*} 

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^(^CT»^■-lt-^ O'Hto-Jcyoj o^CT-tofuc^C-- >n^oC^-* ■ -— k_._.. 



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r .-I r^ o ^ 
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1 -4 -* O CT* 

I -J (M .^ rH 



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T ^ nj f- 00 CM 



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1 o S « 



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to CM in 



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vv .*_ . -^ .■ — -^'^'^ c^ »n CT- i -^ en 



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In cities of 
In cities of 
In cities of 
In remainder 

sh-carry food 
In cities of 
In cities of 
In cities of 
In cities of 
In remainder 


general-1 
cities of 
cities of 
cities of 
cities of 
remainder 


|SS5£,S 



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SIZE OF ESTABLISHMENT OR FIRM 



2-55 



O ,-1 

II 



in&v^aaQ NriA0<^>Sto a a • • q - aO'^St'tn^ t*^Q!-l'°'^ (^oioooifto* -*&«-o<»»qo> 

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2-56 



WHOLESALE TRADE-SUMMARY STATISTICS 



_ tO-^iTirH-J-iH <r\m (^ <^ '' ^ ^ ^ n ^ r 






4 3 



tM - • rMi>-i^o»'*CT> •gt-C'iAtn-ir 



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