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Full text of "United States census of agriculture: 1954"

BOSTON PUBLIC LIBRARY 



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DEPOSITORY 



Vol. Ill — pt. 5 



FARM-MORTGAGE DEBT 
A Cooperative Report 



in* 

$ / — VjTI - 



SPECIAL REPORTS 




1954 

Census 
of 

Agriculture 




U. S. DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE . BUREAU OF THE CENSUS • WASHINGTON • 19S7 






'US' Brftik. ff/t (W*j , 

'nited States 



U. S. Department of Agriculture 

Ezra Taft Benson, Secretary 
Agricultural Research Service 

Byron T. Shaw, Administrator 

U. S. Department of Commerce 

Sinclair Weeks, Secretary 
Bureau of the Census 

Robert W. Burgess, Director 



Cen 



sus 



Agriculture 







Volume HI 
SPECIAL REPORTS 

Part 5 

Farm-Mortgage Debt (a Cooperative Report) 



Prepared under the supervision of 

RAY HURLEY 

Chief, Agriculture Division 



NUMBER OF MORTGAGED FARMS • AMOUNT OF DEBT 
PRINCIPAL LENDING AGENCIES 






BUREAU OF THE CENSUS 
Robert W. Burgess, Director 

AGRICULTURE DIVISION 
Ray Hurley, Chief 
Warder R. Jenkins, Assistant Chief 



AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH SERVICE 
Byron T. Shaw, Administrator 

FARM AND LAND MANAGEMENT RESEARCH 
Sherman E. Johnson, Director 

PRODUCTION ECONOMICS RESEARCH RRANCH 
Carl P. Heisic, Chief 



Boston Public Library 
Superintemfetu of Documents 

JUL 1 7 1957 



fr\i\l.3\10\ 



V-3 



SUGGESTED IDENTIFICATION 

U. S. Bureau of the Census. V. S. Census of Agriculture: 1954. Vol. Ill, Special Reports, 

Part 5, Farm-Mortgage Debt. 

U. S. Government Printing Office, Washington 25, D. C, 1956. 



For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U. S. Government Printing Office, Washington 
25, D. C, or any of the Field Offices of the Department of Commerce, Price 55 cents (paper cover) 



PREFACE 



Volume III, Special Reports, comprises one of the volumes presenting final summaries 
and results for the 1954 Census of Agriculture. Part 5, Farm-Mortgage Debt, presents 
data on farin-mortgage indebtedness as of January 1, 1956, with comparative data for 
Census years, mostly from 1930 and later. The data include"the amount of mortgage indebt- 
edness, the debt held by principal lending agencies and interest charges, with some related 
information on number of farms, land in farms, and value of farms. Data are presented 
for the United States, for geographic divisions, and for States. The data are estimates 
based on a special mail survey of owners of farm lands as reported in the 1954 Census of 
Agriculture, supplemented by data on mortgage status of owner-operators as reported in 
that Census and by mortgage debt information collected and compiled by the Agricultural 
Research Service of the United States Department of Agriculture. 

This report was prepared cooperatively by the Bureau of the Census, United States 
Department of Commerce, and the Agricultural Research Service, United States Depart- 
ment of Agriculture. It continues a series of cooperative reports covering farm-mortgage 
indebtedness which have been issued in conjunction with the more recent Censuses of 
Agriculture. 

Plans for this cooperative report were made by Ray Hurley, Chief of the Agriculture 
Division, Bureau of the Census, and Norman J. Wall, Head, Agricultural Finance Section, 
Production Economics Research Branch, Agricultural Research Service. Principal respon- 
sibility for the project was carried by Harold N. Cox, Clive E. Johnson, Orville M. Slye, 
Haven D. Umstott, and Clinton F. Wells, Jr., of the Agriculture Division of the Bureau of 
the Census, and Russell W. Bierman and James A. Munger of the Agricultural Research 
Service. Earl E. Houseman of the Agricultural Marketing Service assisted in outlining 
the sampling procedure. 

December 1956 



UNITED STATES CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE: 1954 
REPORTS 

Volume I. — Counties and State Economic Areas. Statistics for counties include number of farms, acreage, value, and farm opera- 
tors ; farms by color and tenure of operator ; facilities and equipment ; use of commercial fertilizer : farm labor ; farm expenditures ; 
livestock and livestock products; specified crops harvested; farms classified by type of farm and by economic class; and value of 
products sold by source. 

Data for State economic areas include farms and farm characteristics by tenure of operator, by type of farm, and by economic class. 

Volume I is published in 33 parts a3 follows : 



Part 


State or States 


Part 


State or States 


Part 


State or States 


1 


New England States: 




West North Central: 




East South Central— Continued 




Maine. 


8 


Minnesota. 


21 


Alabama. 




New Hampshire. 


9 


Iowa. 


22 


Mississippi. 
West South Central: 




Vermont. 


10 


Missouri. 






Massachusetts. 


11 


North Dakota and South 


23 


Arkansas. 




Rhode Island. 




Dakota. 


24 


Louisiana. 




Connecticut. 


12 


Nebraska. 


25 


Oklahoma. 


2 


Middle Atlantic States: 


13 


Kansas. 


26 


Texas. 




New York. 




South Atlantic: 




Mountain: 




New Jersey. 


14 


Delaware and Marvland. 


27 


Montana. 




Pennsylvania. 


15 


Virginia and West Virginia. 


28 


Idaho. 






16 


North Carolina and South 


29 


Wyoming and Colorado. 




Ohio. 
Indiana. 




Carolina. 


30 


New Mexico and Arizona. 


4 


17 

18 


Georgia. 
Florida. 


31 


Utah and Nevada. 
Pacific: 


5 


Illinois. 




East South Central: 


32 


Washington and Oregon. 


6 


Michigan. 


19 


Kentucky. 


33 


California. 


7 


Wisconsin. 


20 


Tennessee. 







Volume II. — General Report. Statistics by Subjects, United States Census of Agriculture, 1954. Summary data and analyses of 
the data for States, for Geographic Divisions, and for the United States by subjects as illustrated by the chapter titles listed below: 



Chapter 


Title 


Chapter 


Title 


I 


Farms and Land in Farms. 


VII 


Field Crops and Vegetables. 


II 


Age, Residence, Years on Farm, Work Off Farm. 


VIII 


Fruits and Nuts, Horticultural Specialties, Forest 


III 


Farm Facilities, Farm Equipment. 




Products. 


IV 


Farm Labor, Use of Fertilizer, Farm Expenditures, and 


IX 


Value of Farm Products. 




Cash Rent. 


X 


Color, Race, and Tenure of Farm Operator. 


V 


Size of Farm. 


XI 


Economic Class of Farm. 


VI 


Livestock and Livestock Products. 


XII 


Type of Farm. 



Volume III. — Special Reports 
Part 1. — Multiple-unit Operations. This report will be similar to 
Part 2 of Volume V of the reports for the 1950 Census of 
Agriculture. It will present statistics for - approximately 900 
counties and State economic areas in 12 Southern States and 
Missouri for the number and characteristics of multiple-unit 
operations and farms in multiple units. 

Part 2. — Ranking Agricultural Counties. This special report will 
present statistics for selected items of inventory and agricul- 
tural production for the leading counties in the United States. 

Part 3.— Alaska, Hawaii, Puerto Rico, District of Columbia, and 
V. S. Possessions. These areas were not included in the 1954 
Census of Agriculture. The available current data from vari- 
ous Government sources will be compiled and published in 
this report. 

Part 4^ — Agriculture, 1954, a Graphic Summary. This report will 
present graphically some of the significant facts regarding 
agriculture and agricultural production as revealed by the 1954 
Census of Agriculture. 

Part 5. — Farm-mortgage Debt. This will be a cooperative study 
by the Agricultural Research Service of the U. S. Department 
of Agriculture and the Bureau of the Census. It will present, 
by States, data based on the 1954 Census of Agriculture and a 
special mail survey to be conducted in January 1956, on the 
number of mortgaged farms, the amount of mortgage debt, and 
the amount of debt held by principal lending agencies, 



Part 6. — Irrigation In Humid Areas. This cooperative report by 
the Agricultural Research Service of the U. S. Department of 
Agriculture and the Bureau of the Census will present data ob- 
tained by a mail survey of operators of irrigated farms in 28 
States on the source of water, method of applying water, num- 
ber of pumps used, acres of crops irrigated in 1954 and 1955, 
the number of times each crop was irrigated, and the cost of 
irrigation equipment and the irrigation system. 

Part 7. — Popular Report of the 18S4 Census of Agriculture. This 
report is planned to be a general, easy-to-read publication for 
the general public on the status and broad characteristics of 
United States agriculture. It will seek to delineate such as- 
pects of agriculture as the geographic distribution and dif- 
ferences by size of farm for such items as farm acreage, 
principal crops, and important kinds of livestock, farm facili- 
ties, farm equipment, use of fertilizer, soil conservation prac- 
tices, farm tenure, and farm Income. 

Part 8. — Size of Operation by Type of Para. This will be a coop- 
erative special report to be prepared in cooperation with the 
Agricultural Research Service of the U. S. Department of Agri- 
culture. This report will contain data for 119 economic sub- 
regions, (essentially general type-of -farming areas) showing the 
general characteristics for each type of farm by economic class. 
It will provide data for a current analysis of the differences 
that exist among groups of farms of the same type. It will 
furnish statistical basis for a realistic examination of produc- 
tion of such commodities as wheat, cotton, and dairy products 
in connection with actual or proposed; governmental policies 
and programs, 



CONTENTS 



Introduction 

Sources of data 

Basic information from the Censuses of Agriculture 

The questionnaire for the 1956 Survey of Farm-Mortgage 

Debt -.- 

The sample used for the survey on farm-mortgage debt 

Mailing of questionnaires 

Processing the questionnaires 

Preparing estimates 

Adjustment of estimates 

Estimates for 1956 

DEFINITIONS AND EXPLANATIONS 

A farm 

Land in farms 

Value of land and buildings 

Farm owner 

Farm operator 

Owner-operated farms 

Tenant- and manager-operated farms, including rented 
portion of part-owner farms 



Page 
1 
1 
2 



DEFINITIONS AND EXPLANATIONS— Con. 



Number of farms by mortgage status. 

Farm-mortgage debt. 

Age of operator 

Economic class of farm 

Part-time farms 

Residential farms 

Abnormal farms 

Farms by type 



FARM-MORTGAGE DEBT 



Amount of farm-mortgage debt 

X umber of owner-operated mortgaged farms . 

Acreage in mortgaged farms 

Value of mortgaged farms 

I nterest charges and rates 

Debt held by principal lenders 

Ratio of debt to value 

Mortgage debt by age of operator ....__... 

Mortgage debt by economic class of farm 

Mortgage debt by type of farm 



TABLES 



Table 

A. — Farm-mortgage debt survey, 1956: Sampling rates with number of farms drawn for inclusion in survey and number of land- 
owners, by tenure of operator and economic class of farm 

B. — Farm-mortgage debt survey, 1956 : Adjusted expansion factors 

C. — Percentage distribution of mortgaged full-owner farms, by rate of interest, for the United States: 1956, 1951, 1940, and 1920. 
D. — Number of full-owner and part-owner farms and proportion mortgaged, by economic class of farm, for the United States: 1956. . 
E. — Number of full-owner commercial farms with proportion mortgaged by type of farm for the United States and regions: 1956.. 
1. — Number, acreage, and value of farms and amount of mortgage debt, by tenure of operator and by mortgage status, for the 

United States: 1930-56 

2. — Number, acreage, and value of farms operated by full owners, by mortgage status, by divisions and States: 1940-56 

3. — Number, acreage, and value of owned portion of farms operated by part owners, by mortgage status, by divisions and 

States: 1940-56 

4. — Acreage, value, and amount of mortgage debt for rented and managed land, by mortgage status, by divisions and States: 1940- 

56 

5. — Acreage, value, and amount of mortgage debt for all farms, by mortgage status, by divisions and States: 1940-56 

6. — Interest charges on mortgage debt, by tenure of operator, for the United States: 1930-56 

7. — Interest charges on mortgage debt, by tenure of operator, by divisions and States: 1956 and 1950 

8. — Amount of farm-mortgage debt held by principal lenders; for the United States: 1910 to 1956 

9. — Average rate of interest (percent) on farm-mortgage debt held by principal lenders, by geographic divisions: January 1, 1956. . 
10. — Farm-mortgage debt — Total outstanding and loans held by principal lenders, by divisions and States: January 1, 1956 and 

1950 

11.- — Mortgaged farms operated by full owners, classified by rate of interest, by divisions and States : 1956 

12. — Mortgaged farms operated by part owners, classified by rate of interest, by divisions and States: 1956 

13. — Number, acreage, and value of mortgaged farms operated by full owners and part owners, classified by ratio of debt to value, 

by geographic divisions : 1956 

14. — Farms operated by full owners and by part owners, by age of operator, with proportion mortgaged, by geographic divisions: 

1956, 1940, and 1930 — - 

15. — Number, acreage, value, and amount of mortgage debt for mortgaged farms operated by full owners, by age of operator, by 

geographic divisions : 1956 

16. — Number, acreage, value, and amount of mortgage debt for mortgaged farms operated by part owners, by age of operator, by 

geographic divisions : 1956. - 

17. — Number, acreage, value, and amount of mortgage debt, for mortgaged farms operated by full owners, by economic class of 

farm, by geographic divisions: 1956 

18. — Number, acreage, value, and amount of mortgage debt, for mortgaged farms operated by part owners, by economic class of 

farm, by geographic divisions: 1956 

19. — Number, acreage, value, and amount of mortgage debt, for mortgaged farms operated by full owners, classified by type of farm, 
by geographic divisions: 1956 _ . . 



Page 

9 

10 
10 
10 
10 
10 
10 
10 



Page 
6 

13 
14 
14 

15 
17 



41 
53 
65 
65 
67 
67 

68 
70 

71 

72 

74 
75 
76 

77 
79 
81 



FARM-MORTGAGE DEBT 



Introduction. — This special report presents statistics on the 
amount of farm-mortgage indebtedness as of January 1, 1956, for 
the United States and for the various States. The data are pre- 
sented for owner-operated land and for a combination of rented 
and manager-operated lands. Related information, when avail- 
able, is given for the number of farms, land in farms, farmland 
values, age of operator, and economic class of farm by mortgage 
status; amount of farm real estate loans held by the principal 
lenders; and interest charges and rates paid on farm-mortgage in- 
debtedness. Some comparative data are presented for several 
earlier years. For example, the total amount of farm-mortgage 
indebtedness and the amounts held by the principal lenders are 
shown for all Census years, beginning with 1910 and continuing 
through 1950. Additional data are presented for 1930, 1940, 1945, 
and 1950. However, most of the comparative statistics presented 
herein are for 1950 and 1956. 

Among the subjects with a long history in Census taking is the 
one relating to farm mortgages. Beginning with 1890, and con- 
tinuing without a break in the series, the Census Bureau has 
furnished a varying amount of basic data in respect to the indebt- 
edness for which farm real estate had been p'edged as security. 

During an enumerator's canvass of his district he must call at 
each farm-operator household. At a tenant-operator household, 
the enumerator probably would not be able to learn whether the 
landlord for that farm had a mortgage against his laud. Even if 
the tenant was aware of the existence of a mortgage on his land- 
lord's land, he would be even less likely to know the amount of the 
indebtedness. Thus, of necessity, most of the mortgage informa- 
tion which has been obtained by a personal visit to farms, in a 
Census enumeration, has related to the land of owner-operators. 
But the need for farm-mortgage statistics has been for the total 
amount of indebtedness, as well as for the amount owed by 
operating owners. 

For the last several Censuses, the total farm-mortgage indebted- 
ness and the mortgage status of farm lands and other comple- 
mentary facts have been based, in part, on supplementary reports 
secured from the owners of leased lands by some procedure other 
than by direct enumeration. This has been accomplished through 
the use of questionnaires mailed to a sample of owners of rented 
farm lands. To improve the reliability of the estimated totals and 
to furnish additional information in regard to debt of owner- 
operators, questionnaires have been mailed also to operating 
owners. (See "The sample used for the survey on farm-mortgage 
debt" for a more complete description of the sampling plan and 
other techniques used for the 1956 and 1950 data.) 

The United States Department of Agriculture, for many years, 
has had the responsibility of preparing annual estimates of the 
amount of farm-mortgage indebtedness, interest rates, and other 
current information on the farm-mortgage debt situation. These 
data are used in many ways and are of general interest to legisla- 
tors, students, lenders, and borrowers. Data on farm-mortgage 
indebtedness are used in preparing the annual Balance Sheet of 
Agriculture, a United States Department of Agriculture publica- 
tion which summarizes the assets and liabilities of agriculture. 
The Agricultural Adjustment Act of 1938, as amended, provides 
that "interest payments per acre on farm indebtedness secured by 



real estate" shall be a component of the Parity Index used by the 
Department of Agriculture in computing parity prices for agricul- 
tural commodities. Support prices for agricultural commodities 
are based, in part, on parity prices. Because the periodic Census 
data are used as benchmarks to improve these annual series of 
farm-mortgage data, the United States Department of Agriculture 
has cooperated with the Census Bureau in formulating and mailing 
the supplementary questionnaires and in preparing the estimated 
totals given in this report. 

While this report deals only with indebtedness chargeable against 
farm real estate, there is considerable interest in other types of 
indebtedness, much of which is a liability of operating farmers. 
Farmers have been increasing their output through improved tech- 
nology, mechanization, and the greater use of capital, generally. 
Presently, the interest in all phases of credit available to and used 
by farmers is augmented by the fact that prices received by farm- 
ers, in most instances, have moved downward while prices paid 
by farmers for goods and services have been maintained at a high 
level or have increased. Further, these price changes have affected 
lending operations by increasing the amount of credit needed by 
farmers for both capital outlays and production expenses. Another 
factor, increasing the need for credit, has been the upward trend 
in the per-acre value of farmland. One of the reasons for the 
strong demand for farmland comes from farmers wishing to en- 
large their farm holdings in order to lower unit-production costs. 
Thus, the amount of borrowings by farmers has increased for both 
long-term and short-term needs. 

The United States Department of Agriculture has prepared 
annual estimates of nonreal estate debt for all years since 1940. 
That organization has felt keenly the need of benchmark infor- 
mation in this field, also. A cooperative survey of farm-operator 
expenditures was made for the year 1955. This survey, of an 
interview type for sample households drawn from the 1954 Census 
of Agriculture, obtained information on the amount of loans and 
credit outstanding January 1, 1956, and interest rates thereon, for 
borrowings other than those secured by real estate. The report on 
this survey, Farmers' Expenditures in 1955, Part 11 of Volume III 
of the 1954 Census of Agriculture, shows interest charges for non- 
real estate debt incurred by farm operators for farm and family 
living expenditures. Interest and financing costs of installment 
purchases are included in total expenditures for the items to 
which they apply, and are excluded from interest expenditures. 

Sources of data. — The 1956 farm-mortgage estimates presented 
in this report were prepared jointly by the Bureau of the Census, 
United States Department of Commerce, and the Agricultural 
Research Service, United States Department of Agriculture. The 
basic information for the 1956 estimates was obtained, in part, 
in the 1954 Census of Agriculture and, in part, through a 1956 
mail survey of a sample of owners of farmland. Additional sources 
for these mortgage data were the official reports of the principal 
lending agencies — Federal land banks, the Farmers' Home Admin- 
istration, life insurance companies, and all commercial and 
savings banks. 

For earlier years, the data were obtained in much the same 
manner as for 1956. 



FARM-MORTGAGE DEBT 



For each Census beginning with 1930, mortgage information 
for rented and manager-operated land has been obtained through 
mail-survey questionnaires. In 1930, the mail survey was under- 
taken by the Bureau of Agricultural Economics of the United 
States Department of Agriculture. In 1935, 1940, and 1945, the 
mail survey was conducted jointly by the Bureau of the Census 
and the Bureau of Agricultural Economics. In 1950 and 1956, 
the mail survey was made by the Bureau of the Census. The 
Bureau of Agricultural Economics in 1950 and the Agricultural 
Research Service in 1956 cooperated in designing the question- 
naire and in preparing the estimates. 

The mortgage data, for all Censuses, presented in this chapter 
represent estimates for all farm real estate prepared jointly by 
the two agencies. The data shown for earlier years in this report 
and previous cooperative reports will not agree with the mortgage 
data for full owners and part owners as shown in the Census 
reports for earlier years. These earlier Census data, shown in 
the Census reports, include no estimates for farms for which 
mortgage information waB not reported. 

Basic information from the Censuses of Agriculture. — The 1954 
Census of Agriculture Questionnaire carried the following inquiry 
to be asked of a sample of approximately 20 percent of all farm 
operators: 
Is there any MORTGAGE DEBT on land [□ No 

■and buildings owned by you? \\3 Yes 

ID No land owned 

The 1954 enumeration was made in October and November. 
The answers to the above inquiry were compiled for operating 
owners of farmland (both full owners and part owners) and related 
to all land owned by the operator and not to the portion retained 
by him if part of his land was rented to others. The mortgage 
status of the land, as obtained by this inquiry, and the related 
farm area and farm value, obtained by other questionnaire in- 
quiries for the same land, were used as a basis for preparing the 
1956 estimates. 

The instructions, prepared for the guidance of Census enumera- 
tors, specified that farm mortgages included deeds of trust, deeds 
to secure debt, purchase money mortgages, vendors liens (deed 
with vendor) , land purchase contracts, and bonds for deed. Cer- 
tain items were excluded such as crop liens, mechanics' liens, 
judgments, mortgages on livestock or machinery, or other personal 
property liens (chattel mortgages), promissory notes, or delinquent 
taxes. 

The amount of the indebtedness was not secured in the Census 
enumeration in 1954, whereas such basic information was obtained 
in the 1950 enumeration. The inquiry for 1950, which applied to 
a sample of owner-operators only, was as follows: 

Is there any MORTGAGE ({J No 

DEBT on the land and build- < □ Yes. How much? $ /00 

ings owned by you? (, (Dollars only) 

Here, again, the inquiry related to all the land owned by the 
operator and not to the portion retained for his own operation. 

Census mortgage data, obtained in the 1950 Census, were not 
published separately. These data were consolidated with those 
obtained in the later mail inquiry and appear as Part 8 of Volume 
V of the reports of the 1950 Census of Agriculture. Most of these 
data are given for comparative purposes in this report. 

The tabulation of mortgage data from the 1945 Census of 
Agriculture was restricted, except in 12 States, to a sample of one- 
twelfth to one-half of the enumeration districts. In that Census, 
two inquiries, similar to those used in 1950, were to be asked of all 



operating owners for all counties. The questions related to the 
land retained for operation by the owners. An analysis of the 
1945 Census of Agriculture returns indicated that, for some 
enumeration districts, the mortgage information was incomplete 
or inaccurately reported. Therefore, substantial upward revisions 
were necessary in the information for mortgaged full-owner and 
part-owner farms, as reported by Census enumerators. The 
published data concerning the 1945 farm-mortgage debt represent 
a consolidation of data obtained in the Census and in a special 
mail survey. Most of these data for 1945 appear for comparative 
purposes in this report. 

For the 1940 Census, three inquiries in respect to farm-mortgage 
indebtedness were asked of all operating owners. The first of 
these related to the presence or absence of indebtedness on the 
land owned and operated. The second ascertained the total 
amount of outstanding mortgage debt on such land and buildings. 
The third inquiry obtained the annual rate (contract rate) of 
interest on the first mortgage debt. The data obtained as a result 
of these inquiries were published in Volume III of the 1940 Census 
of Agriculture Reports. Consolidated data for that year, a com- 
bination of the Census information and that obtained through the 
cooperative mail survey, were presented in two joint (Bureau of the 
Census and Bureau of Agricultural Economics) releases published 
in 1943 and in 1944. Most of the data from these releases appear 
for comparative purposes in this report. 

In the 1935 Census, all owner-operators were to be asked about 
the existence of a mortgage and the amount of mortgage debt on 
land and buildings owned and operated, provided they owned no 
additional land. These data were not published separately. 
They were consolidated with additional data gathered in the joint 
survey and were published in 1937 in a joint release by the Bureau 
of the Census and the United States Department of Agriculture. 
These consolidated data were published on pages 310 and 311 of 
Volume III of the Reports for the 1940 Census of Agriculture. 
Most of these also appear in the tables of this report. 

For 1930, three inquiries were asked of all owner-operators, 
similar to those for 1940 with the exception that the operator 
was asked as to the amount charged in 1929 on his mortgage debt 
for interest, commissions, bonuses, and premiums instead of the 
annual rate of interest. The data gathered in the Census of 1930 
are shown in Volume IV of the reports for that year. Estimates 
based on these Census data and on the results of the mail survey 
were first published by the Bureau of Agricultural Economics of 
the United States Department of Agriculture. Revised data were 
shown in the release published cooperatively by the Bureau of the 
Census and the Bureau of Agricultural Economics in 1937. 
Most of the estimates for 1930 are given in this report. 

In the several Census enumerations, no information on farm- 
mortgage debt has been obtained for land rented from others 
by farm operators or for land managed for others by farm operators. 
The information for rented and manager-operated land has been 
obtained in subsequent surveys through the use of questionnaires 
mailed to the owners of lands rented to others or managed for 
others. 

The questionnaire for the 1956 Survey of Farm-Mortgage Debt. — 
In January 1956, the first mailing of the farm-mortgage debt 
questionnaire was made to a sample of all landowners (see "The 
sample used for the survey on farm-mortgage debt" for a descrip- 
tion of the sample). A facsimile of the questionnaire follows on 
p. 3. 

A letter from the Director of the Bureau of the Census to the 
landowners appeared on the face of the questionnaire. A facsimile 
of this letter follows on p. 4. 



FARM-MORTGAGE DE3T SURVEY 

(Please fill in the questions below and return this questionnaire even though 
you have no mortgage debt, or own no land) 



Judge! Burcmu Ho. 41 - r . r iflB A;;:rovnl EN.Ircs June :'.!< 1" 

CONFIDENTIAL -This inquiry is authorized by Act' of Congress (Title 
13. U.S. C. Section 146) which requires that a report be made. The 
information furnished is accorded confidential treatment, subject to 
provision of law. This report will be used for stat iifitfal purposes 
only and cannot be used for purposes of taxation, investigations, or 



1. Ho* many acres of farm or ranch land did you own on January 1, 1956? 

(Include not only cropland, but also pasturelund. woodlund, wasteland, etc.) 

If you owned no land on January I, 1956, check "None" and skip to quest tor 

2. How much would this land and the buildings on it sell lor? 



D 



3. How many acres of this land did you rent to others during 1955. (include land worked 
on shares)? 

4. To how many tenants and croppers did you rent land during 1955, (include land worked 
on shares)? 



5. Has there any mortgage debt on the land and buildings owned by you on January 1, 1936? 

(Consider as mortgage debt — mortgages, deeds of trust, sales contracts, and other 
similar liens against farm real estate.) 

If you had no mortgage debt, check "No" and skip to question 10. 

6. «hat was the total amount of the IjNPAIU PKINC1PAL of this mortgage debt on Jan. 1, 1936? $ 



Per acre 

I I None Acres 

I | None Number 

[H No L_l Yes 



Total value 



7. How many acres were mortgaged on January 1. 1956?. 



□ 



8. How much would this mortgaged land and the buildings on it sell lor? 

(If all your land was mortgaged, your answer to this question should be the same e 
that for question 2 ) 

9. Please enter below the amount of farm-mortgage debt owed to (unpaid principal) and the 
interest rate for each of the following lenders on January 1, 1951 

(Account for all mortgage debt reported in question 6. ) 

a. Federal Land Bank, Land Bank Commissioner, or a combined loan from these two agencies.. 

b. Farmers Home Administration (include only indebtedness secured by real estate) 

c. A life insurance company 

d. A National or State Bank, or Trust Company (include mutual savings banks) 

e. A mortgage company or land investment company 

f. An official agency ol State or county 



Acres _ 
OR $. 



Total value 



g. A farm operator. 



i. Other lender (give name) 



j. Total mortgage debt you owe these lenders (should be same as entry for question 6.).... 



Amount of farm- 
mortgage debt 
(Unpaid pr inc ipol) 
January 1, 1956 



19. bid you have any farm-mortgage debt as of November 1. 1934? 

11. In the 1954 Census of Agriculture you were reported as owning land or renting land to others. 

Please answer the following questions, so that we may obtain complete mortgage information: 



i. Did you sell a:;y land during 1955? 

If "Yes" enter below the name, address, and acres for each buyer 



□ No □ Yes 
D No [H Yes 



b. Did you rent lund from others during 1955 which was sub-leased to others' , 
If "Yes" enter below the name, address, and acres for each owner. 



O No CD Yes 



For office use only 



U. S. Department of Commerce 

BUREAU OF THE CENSUS 

WASHINGTON 25. D. C 



Dear Sir: 

As a part of the 1954- Census of Agriculture, information 
is needed on the number of farms in the United States which are 
mortgaged, the amount of farm-mortgage indebtedness, source of 
credit, and interest rates. This information is necessary to 
indicate the changes which have occurred during the last five 
years. Questions to obtain information of this nature are being 
asked of approximately one out of twenty-five landowners. 

Will you, therefore, please fill out the questionnaire 
on the reverse side and mail it, this week, in the enclosed envelope 
which does not require postage. 

PLEASE FILL OUT AND MAIL THIS QUESTIONNAIRE EVEN THOUGH 
YOUR LAND IS NOT NOW MORTGAGED, OR IF YOU DO NOT NOW OWN ANY LAND. 
Your returning of this completed questionnaire promptly will be 
appreciated and will eliminate the need for writing you again. 

Thank you for your cooperation. 

Sincerely yours, 



Qd&V. QyuMjfM-- 



Robert W. Burgess 
Director 
Bureau of the Census 
Enclosure 



FARM-MORTGAGE DEBT 



The sample used for the survey on farm-mortgage debt. — 
The sample for the survey was selected from the 1954 Census of 
Agriculture. This sample was obtained from the sample of farms 
for which data regarding mortgage-debt status and other items 
were secured in the 1954 Census of Agriculture. Data on farm- 
mortgage debt were obtained in the 1954 Census of Agriculture 
for a sample of approximately 20 percent of all owner-operated 
farms. For a description of this sample, see page XIX of the 
Introduction to Volume II of the reports of the 1954 Census of 
Agriculture. The sampling rate for the survey on farm-mortgage 
debt was varied for each State and for each tenure of operator and 
for two groupings of farms by economic class. Because of the 
importance of farms in Economic Classes I and II, a much higher 
proportion of these farms was included in the sample than for 
farms in other economic classes. (Farms in Economic Classes I 
and II include farms with a value of farm products sold in 1954 of 
$10,000 and over; other farms for this sample selection include 
farms with a value of all farm products sold in 1954 of less than 
$10,000. Abnormal farms regardless of the amount of gross in- 
come were included with the other group. For a more detailed 
description of economic class of farm, see page 10.) The sampling 
rates and the number of farms included in the sample for the 
farm-mortgage debt survey are indicated in Table A. The 
total number of farms selected for the sample totaled 192,545. 
However, 859 of these farms were eliminated from the sample 
because they had also been selected for the sample to be used for 
a survey of farm operators' expenditures. The 191,686 farms 
remaining in the sample comprised 284,427 landowners. This 
total of landowners included 10,077 which were classified as cor- 
porations (institutions, railroads, insurance companies, banks, 
etc.) and Federal and local government agencies and Indian 
reservations. During the survey, some landowners reported 
they had sold all or a part of the land owned by them in lo54. 
Also, some of the persons reported as landowners in the 1954 
Census of Agriculture were found to be lessees rather than land- 
owners. In the case of landowners reporting that all or part of 
their farmland had been sold and in the case of lessees reported as 
landowners, questionnaires were mailed to the new landowner and 
to the correct landlord. The corrections and additions to the 
mailing list because of these changes totaled approximately 
13,000. Thus, questionnaires for the survey were mailed to a 
total of 287,000 persons who represented (1) operating owners of 
farmland; (2) landlords of farms operated by tenants; (3) owners 
of manager-operated farms; and (4) purchasers of land owned by 
other owners in 1954, and to actual owners when a lessee was 
reported as the landlord in the 1954 Census of Agriculture. 

Mailing of questionnaires. — The first mailing of the question- 
naires for the survey was made on January 11, 1956, and was 
completed on February 17, 1956. A follow-up notice was mailed 
to the owners of farms from whom a reply had not been received. 
This follow-up mailing was started on February 14, 1956, and 
completed on March 15, 1956. Then, a second questionnaire was 
mailed to all landowners from whom a reply had not been received. 
This mailing of additional questionnaires was started on March 13, 
1956, and completed on April 16, 1956. From these three mailings 
to approximately 287,000 persons, usable questionnaires were 
obtained from 195,951 landowners. Questionnaires were not 
mailed to the 10,077 corporations, governmental agencies, etc., as 
it was assumed that the farm lands owned by these were mortgage- 
free. Thus, data were obtained or available for a total of 206,028 
landowners or approximately 69 percent of all the landowners 
included in the sample selected for the survey. Reports for these 
206,028 landowners were included in the tabulations. 

Processing the questionnaires. — The data on each questionnaire 
received for the farm-mortgage debt survey were checked against 
the data on agriculture questionnaires for the 1954 Census of 
Agriculture for the farm from which the name of the landowner 
was selected. If the questionnaire for the farm-mortgage debt 
survey covered more or less farmland than the agriculture question- 



naire, then adjustments 'if the data were made so I he data on the 
farm-mortgage debt survey related only to the land reported on 
the agriculture questionnaire for the 1954 Census of Agriculture. 
If part, of the land covered by the questionnaire for the 1954 
Census of Agriculture had been sold, then a farm-mortgage debt 
survey questionnaire was mailed to the purchaser and the question- 
naire covering the land sold was included in the tabulations. 

Information from the 1954 Census of Agriculture on acres owned; 
value of land and buildings; tenure of operator; type of farm; and 
for landowners who were owner-operators, mortgage-debt status, 
age, and year they began to operate the farm were included on the 
punchcard containing the data reported in the farm-mortgage 
debt survey and were used in making the tabulations and esti- 
mates. 

For each State, separate tabulations of data from the farm- 
mortgage survey subclassified by data from the 1954 Census of 
Agriculture were made for full owners, and for the owned portion 
of farms operated by part owners, by two groupings of farms by 
economic class, by mortgage status in 1956, by: 

(1) Age of operator. 

(2) Years on farm. 

(3) Type of lender (for mortgaged farms only). 

(4) Ratio of mortgage debt to the value of land and buildings 

in 1956 (for mortgaged farms only). 

(5) Type of farm (for commercial farms only). 

(6) Economic class of farm. 

Likewise, for each State, separate tabulations were made for 
landowners of farms operated by tenants, managers, and part 
owners (leased portion), by mortgage status in 1956, for two 
groupings of farms by economic class, by type of lender. 

For each group, separate tabulations were made of the data for 
landowners who did not report the value of land and buildings, 
the acres owned, or the amount of mortgage debt when the land 
was reported mortgaged. Estimates of the missing data for these 
groups were prepared on the basis of reports for similar groups of 
landowners for whom all data were reported. The farms for 
which such estimates were made comprised less than one-tenth of 
1 percent of all farms. 

Preparing estimates. — Estimates for the number of farms, 
acres in farms, and the value of land and buildings in 1954 and as 
of January 1, 1956, for farms operated by full owners and for the 
owned portion of farms operated by part owners, were prepared 
for each State, for each tenure group, and for two groupings of 
farms by economic class, by dividing the number of farms, for 
which reports as to mortgage status were obtained in the survey, 
into the total number of farms shown for the 1954 Census of Agri- 
culture for the corresponding grouping of farms and then by multi- 
plying the totals for the farms in the mortgage-debt survey by this 
factor. For the rented portion of part-owner farms and for farms 
operated by managers and tenants, the factor used for multiplying 
the farm-mortgage debt survey totals to obtain estimated totals for 
all farms was obtained by dividing the total acres of land owned, 
shown by the mortgage-survey reports, into the total acreage of 
rented land in farms of part owners, tenants, and in farms operated 
by managers as shown for the corresponding group by the 1954 
Census of Agriculture. The totals for the 1954 Census of 
Agriculture and for the survey of mortgage debt were adjusted b.v 
subtracting the acreage of land in farms owned by corporations, 
governmental agencies, etc., before the calculations were made. 
The factors calculated for each tenure group are shown by States 
in Table B. The method outlined for obtaining estimates for 
al) farms, from the survey of farm-mortgage debt, assumed that 
the farms and land of landowners from whom reports were not 
received were similar in regards to mortgage status, size, value 
of land and buildings, etc., to the farms and land of landowners 
from whom usable reports were obtained in the survey. At the. 
United States level, the proportion of the farms reported as 



FARM-MORTGAGE DEBT 



Table A. — Farm-Mortgage Debt Survey, 1956 — Sampling Rates With Number of Farms Drawn for Inclusion in Survey 
and Number of Land Owners, by Tenure of Operator and Economic Class of Farm 



Division and State 



Number of farms drawn for survey 



Number of landowners reported for 
farms in survey 



Federal, 
State, 

and local 

govern- 
ments 

and cor- 
pora- 
tions 



Other 

(land- 
owners 
to whom 
mortgage 
question' 

naires 

were 
mailed) 



United States 

The North 

The South 

The West 

Geographic Divisions: 

New England 

Middle Atlantic 

East North Central- 
West North Central 

South Atlantic 

East South Central. 
West South Central. 

Mountain 

Pacific .. 

New England: 

Maine... 

New Hampshire 

Vermont 

Massachusetts 

Rhode Island 

Connecticut 

Middle Atlantic: 

New York 

New Jersey 

Pennsylvania 

East North Central : 

Ohio 

Indiana 

Illinois - 

Michigan 

Wisconsin 

West North Central: 

Minnesota 

Iowa - 

Missouri 

North Dakota 

South Dakota 

Nebraska 

Kansas 

South Atlantic: 

Delaware 

Maryland 

Virginia 

West Virginia 

North Carolina 

South Carolina 

Georgia 

Florida 

East South Central : 

Kentucky _ 

Tennessee 

Alabama 

Mississippi... _. 

West South Central : 

Arkansas 

Louisiana- 

Oklahoma.. 

Texas 

Mountain : 

Montana 

Idaho.. 

Wyoming 

Colorado 

New Mexico 

Arizona 

Utah 

Nevada 

Pacific: 

Washington 

Oregon 

California 



7, 820 
11, 570 
27, 5S4 
35, 231 

35, 982 
21. 460 
24, 993 
16, 867 
11,013 



1,530 

995 

1,759 

1,735 



5,421 
6,677 
4,947 
5, 150 



4, 195 
3, 747 
4,670 
4,872 



5,577 
4,944 
5,581 



2, 528 
2, 596 
2. 323 
2, S13 



7,463 

3, 3.82 
3,407 



3,042 

1,983 
534 
1,365 
2, 244 
1, 163 



23,993 
29, .'24 
7,735 



15,310 

24, 327 
4,342 



127, (194 
113, 395 
43, 36S 



2, 7,81 
2,330 
4,966 



124. 883 
111,065 
38, 402 



13.237 
8,253 
8, 034 



1,699 
2,820 
4,151 



2. 20s 
2, 523 
1,936 



1,911 
2,139 
5,416 
7,180 



4,523 
4, 222 
2. VJ72 
1,538 



1,113 
3,535 
4, 427 



1, 968 
1,781 

1,646 



1,793 
1,711 
1,310 



1, 149 
1,424 
1,742 



1,944 
1,935 
1,601 



1,117 
1,065 
1,005 
1,192 
1,037 



1,221 
1, 025 
1,071 
1,078 



1,090 
1,145 
1, 254 
1,034 



1.953 
1,991 

2. 401 



11.998 
17, 359 
41,938 
56, 369 

48, 653 

28. 232 
33.49(1 
23.1711 
17.193 



2,041 
1, 530 

2,873 



899 

1, 398 

881 

913 


8,570 
10, 670 
7,466 
7,006 


983 
1.464 
1,247 


7,771 
9,919 
7,810 


1,170 

777 

1,254 

1,147 


6,727 
7,267 
7,507 
9,368 


124 

826 
2, 032 
1,267 


1,633 
5, 530 
7,862 
5,954 


1,778 

1,535 

1,784 

823 


7,563 
6.634 
7,548 
5,929 


1, 454 
1,684 
1,657 
2,137 


6,664 
7, 385 
7,101 
7,042 


1,865 
1,441 
1,984 

1,906 


7,120 
6,732 
9,001 
13, 637 


349 
451 
289 
456 


4,518 
3,679 
3,817 
4,349 


361 
129 
256 
31 


3,373 

2,692 

2,951 

791 


865 
630 
522 


6,405 
4, 347 
7,446 



1,038 
3,741 
1,225 



11. 709 
16, 906 
41,351 
54,917 

47, 710 
27, 903 
35. 452 
22, 429 
15, 973 



6,873 
2.9S5 
7,048 



8,093 
8,473 
10, 498 
7,393 



-, 649 
9.824 
7,723 

6,530 
6.671 
7.263 
9,257 



7,515 
6,539 
7,481 
6,605 



7,321 
7,042 
6,941 



3,721 
3,423 
3.064 
4,017 



xxx Not applicable. 

1 Figures given below should be thought of as denominators of fractions which always have numerators ol 1. 

■ Includes duplications where same landlord was reported by two or more survey farms. 

* Of this total, 859 were dropped because of inclusion in another survey (Farmers' Expenditures in 1955). 



FARM-MORTGAGE DEBT 



mortgaged in 1954 for farms for which reports were received for 
the mortgage-debt survey differed only 3 percent for full owners 
and only 1 1 percent for part owners (owned portion) from that for 
farms for which no usable reports were obtained in the survey of 
mortgage debt. The average size of farms for full owners with 
no reports for the survey of farm-mortgage debt differed by only 
19 percent from that for farms of full owners for whom reports 
were obtained. For part owners, the difference in the average 
size of farm for those reporting and those not reporting in the 



survey of farm-mortgage debt was 17 percent. The difference in 
the average value of land and buildings per acre for farms for 
which reports were obtained in the farm-mortgage debt survey 
and those farms for which a report was not obtained was 7 percent 
for full owners and 7 percent for part owners (owned portion). 
The estimates of farm-mortgage debt were made on the basis of 
the average ratio of debt to value of land and buildings reported 
for the mortgaged farm lands for each grouping of farm* included 
in the farm-mortgage debt survey. 



Table B. — Farm-Mortgage Debt Survey, 1956: Adjusted Expansion Factors l 



Division and State 



Tenants and managers 



New England : 

Maine... -- 

New Hampshire- 
Vermont 



Massachusetts- 
Rhode Island.. 
Connecticut... 



Middle Atlantic: 

New York 

New Jersey... 
Pennsylvania - 



East North Central : 

Ohio 

Indiana 

Illinois 

Michigan 

Wisconsin 



West North Central : 

Minnesota 

Iowa 

Missouri 



North Dakote. 
South Dakota - 

Nebraska 

Kansas.. 



South Atlantic : 

Delaware 

Maryland 

Virginia 

West Virginia. 



North Carolina- 
South Carolina . 

ffeorgia 

Florida 



East South Central: 

Kentucky 

Tennessee 

Alabama.. 

Mississippi 

West South Central : 

Arkansas 

Louisiana 

Oklahoma 

Texas 



Mountain : 
Montana.. 

Idaho 

Wyoming.. 
Colorado... 



New Mexico.. 

Arizona 

Utah.. 

Nevada 



Pacific: 

Washington . 

Oregon 

California 



12.87 
13.91 
12.22 

13.12 
0.21 
12.59 



20. 13 
13.59 

■J5. 33 



26. 48 
25.46 
25.52 
24.41 

;?3. a; 



24.88 
25. 65 
25. 71 

11.93 

13.60 
12.90 
12.90 



7.66 
13.72 
21.61 

6.97 

25.79 
9.07 
27.87 
24.14 



25. 82 
21.17 
21. 43 



15. 30 
16.72 
13. 04 
20. 59 



7.18 
15.41 

8.19 
14.97 



25. 67 
28.06 
40.66 



37. 17 
19.18 
19.49 



58. 36 
45. 06 
76.31 



69. 05 
62.50 
54. 46 



76.87 
07.70 
95.15 

24.82 

27. 69 
53.47 

58. 67 



7.33 
14.19 
63. 49 
47.93 

9S. 15 
52.51 
72.75 
40.52 



91. 80 

70.03 
67.86 



64.58 
49.61 
41.04 
82.45 



36. 29 
54.34 
7.32 
35.21 



55.87 
53. 19 
96.48 



6.7S 
6.52 
6.67 

6.10 
8.40 
6.13 



12.92 
6.54 
12.06 



20. 38 
20. 95 
19.80 
19.32 



17.91 
19.52 
20.37 

19.65 
20.16 
19.91 
20.51 



19. 50 
9.49 
9.13 
8.32 



17.13 
15.38 
16. 42 
17.16 



16. 19 
18.12 
13.24 
22.07 



14.63 
13. SI 
7.59 
13.90 



0.38 
6.72 
6.63 



19. 85 
7.14 

IS. 95 



27.37 

28.12 
34.93 
25. 55 
24.89 



30. SO 

26.40 
33.17 

24.55 
22.07 
25. 50 
42.64 



55.27 
29.91 
24. 94 



37. 74 
36. 90 
32.11 
32. 36 



21.68 
17.08 
37.73 
55. 62 



29.81 
14.42 
7.41 
18.87 

14.77 
7.41 
14.59 
11.14 



13.03 
13.84 
20.93 



6.87 
13.80 
8.30 



23. 25 
22. 20 
20. 28 



20.46 
21.69 
23.08 

26.42 

28.66 
22. 64 



7.15 
7.94 
15.84 
10.33 

31.23 
11.17 
12.68 
17.91 



21.88 
16.18 
18.33 
33. 15 



18.72 
22.57 
21.95 
17.76 

19.82 
13.02 
11.65 
10. 87 



13.83 
13.08 
17. 06 



29.61 
21.88 
29. 39 
43. 29 



7.81 
8.32 
23. 56 



72.92 
25.79 
33. 13 
15.12 



53.37 
45.51 
39. 68 
34. 25 



28. 02 
22.42 
49.04 

60. 33 



42.20 
16.06 
13.05 
27.11 

22.72 
39.81 
20.94 



21.18 
16.99 
30.13 



8.74 
3. 06 

3.20 



19.20 
19. 62 
24.77 
5.84 

12.99 



9.72 
6.50 
7.53 
4.92 



13.89 
8.04 
5.87 

20.08 



20.31 
23.64 
14.01 
19.02 



5.60 

109. 40 

7.40 



13.29 
5.83 
12.17 



28.74 
27.56 
34.99 
12.09 



32.30 
38. 73 
35.96 

12.67 

25.28 
30.63 
31.40 



7.24 

0.99 
16.03 
7.48 

86.32 
64. 65 
55. 00 
15.71 



40. 75 
16. 06 

54.80 
73.49 



11.03 
2.71 

18.38 
1.33 



1 Adjustments were made 
the sampling rate called for, 



beoause of no response. Large amounts of Government and corporate lands, in some States, were responsible for a smaller expansion factor than 



FARM-MORTGAGE DEBT 



Adjustment of estimates. — Three kinds of adjustments were 
made in the totals obtained from the tabulations. First, when 
the distribution of the farms in 1954 by mortgage status as shown 
by the reports for the mortgage survey differed from that shown 
for the 1954 Census of Agriculture, percentage adjustments were 
made in the number of farms, land in farms, and value of land and 
buildings so that the distribution of farms by 1954 mortgage 
status in the mortgage survey was the same as that for the 1954 
Census of Agriculture. For the United States, this adjustment 
averaged 2.1 percent. The same percentage adjustments used 
for full owners and for part owners (owned portion) were made for 
rented land in farms of part owners ard in land in farms operated 
by tenants and managers. Second, some additional adjustments 
were considered necessary in the value of land and buildings in 
21 States, because the value of land and buildings for land for 
which reports were not obtained in the survey of mortgage debt 
appeared to be significantly different from the value of land and 
buildings for land for which reports had been obtained in the 
survey. These adjustments averaged 1.4 percent for the United 
States and exceeded 5 percent in only 5 States. Third, the 
estimates of the amount of mortgage debt for Federal land 
banks, Farmers' Home Administration, life insurance companies, 
and all operating banks were adjusted for each State to the known 
totals of those lending agencies. These adjustments averaged at 
the United States level, 2.1 percent (downward) for all 4 lending 
agencies; 7.2 percent (downward) for Federal land banks; 34.8 
percent (downward) for the Farmers' Home Administration; 27.2 
percent (upward) for life insurance companies; and 20.2 percent 
(downward) for all operating banks. No changes were made 
in the estimated total for the amount of mortgage debt because 
of the adjustment in the amount of debt for these 4 lending 
agencies. 

The survey data were expanded to universe totals by using 
expansion factors, after adjustment for nonresponse. Table B 
shows the adjusted expansion factors for each of eight sampling 
strata for the individual States. Government, corporate, and 
institutional land was included at 100 percent response and 
weighted, in proportion to the number of acres, with rented land. 

Reliability of the 1956 survey estimates was strengthened 
by the relatively high response rate for a mailed questionnaire. 
For example, estimates in Wisconsin were made on the basis of 
83.8 percent response for full owners, Economic Classes I and II, 
and 91.8 percent response for all other economic classes. Esti- 
mates for part owners were based on an 83.6 percent response 
for Economic Classes I and II, and 80.4 percent response for other 
economic classes. The response rate for rented land for Economic 
Classes I and II was 70.0 percent, and for other economic classes, 
was 83.9 percent. 

In preparing the 1956 estimates of acreages and values by 
mortgage status and the amount of indebtedness, it was assumed 
that the farmland owners who did not reply to the survey ques- 
tionnaire were similar in mortgage characteristics to those who did 
reply. A study of the 1954 Census of Agriculture questionnaires 
for those farms for which a 1956 survey questionnaire was not 
received indicated that this group of farms was similar in size, 
value, and mortgage status to those farms for which a response 
was received. The estimates were made by applying ratios based 
on the farms for which replies were received to the totals for all 
farms. The overall totals shown for the number of farms and 
land in farms are in agreement with the totals obtained by tabu- 
lating the data for all farms in the 1954 Census of Agriculture. 
The totals for the value of land and buildings have been adjusted 
to represent those prevailing on January 1, 1956, which was the 
date to which the farm-mortgage debt mailed survey inquiry was 
related. The January 1, 1956 value of all farm reaf estate for the 
United States, as indicated by the mortgage-debt survey question- 
naires, was $106,576,916,000. This figure is an increase of 9.2 



percent above the $97,582,918,000 total shown in the 1954 Census 
of Agriculture which was taken in October and November of that 
year. 

Farm-mortgage debt outstanding on January 1, 1956 was 
determined from the ratio of debt to value prevailing in the 
survey as applied to the adjusted 1956 value of land and buildings. 
Total debt was first allocated to lender groups on the basis of the 
mailed survey questionnaire. Afterwards, debt for each of 4 
lenders (Federal land banks, Farmers' Home Administration, 
insurance companies, and banks) was adjusted to known totals 
for these lenders. 

Average rates of interest for the Federal land banks are in 
agreement with known rates for this lender. Interest charges 
and average rates of interest on total mortgage debt for all other 
lender groups were based on information reported in the 1956 
survey. All impossible interest rates for known lenders were 
adjusted before averages were computed. 

Estimates for 1956. — The estimates for January 1, 1956, are for 
the farms and farm lands included in the 1954 Census of Agricul- 
ture. No estimates have been made regarding the changes in the 
number of farms or land in farms from the date of the 1954 
Census of Agriculture (October-November 1954) to January 1, 
1956. The estimates on the number of farms by mortgage status 
are as of January 1, 1956, and the total number coincides with the 
count of farms in the 1954 Census of Agriculture. Likewise, 
the estimates of acreage, value of land and buildings, and amount 
of mortgage debt represent totals as of January 1, 1956, for the 
farmland and buildings included in the 1954 Census of Agriculture. 

DEFINITIONS AND EXPLANATIONS 

Only definitions and explanatory matter of particular signif- 
icance in regard to mortgage debt are presented in this chapter. 
For definitions and explanations of items of general application, 
refer to the Introduction to Volume II of the 1954 Census of 
xVgriculture reports. For a more detailed discussion of land in 
farms, refer to Chapter I, Farms and Land in Farms; for the 
classification of farms by tenure of the operator, refer to Chapter 
X, Color, Race, and Tenure of Farm Operator; and for classifica- 
tion of farms by economic class, see Chapter XI, Economic Class 
of Farm. These three chapters are parts of Volume II of the 
reports of the 1954 Census of Agriculture. 

A farm. — All the land under the control of one person or partner- 
ship was included as one farm. Control may have been through 
ownership, or through lease, rental, or cropping arrangement. 

For the 1954 Census of Agriculture, places of 3 or more acres 
were counted as farms if the annual value of agricultural products, 
exclusive of home-garden products, amounted to $150 or more. 
The agricultural products could have been either for home use or 
for sale. Places of less than 3 acres were counted as farms only if 
the annua] value of sales of agricultural products amounted to 
$150 or more. Places for which the value of agricultural products 
for 1954 was less than these minima because of crop failure or other 
unusual conditions, and places operated at the time of the Census 
for the first time, were counted as farms if normally they could be 
expected to produce these minimum quantities of agricultural 
products. 

If a person had croppers or other tenants, the land assigned each 
cropper or other tenant was considered a separate farm, even 
though the landlord handled the entire holding as one operating 
unit in respect to supervision, equipment, rotation practice, 
purchase of supplies, or sale of products. Land retained by the 
landlord and worked by him with the help of his family and/or 
hired labor was likewise considered a farm. 

If land under the control of one person or partnership was 
located in 2 or more counties, the entire holding was enumerated 
as 1 farm and in only 1 county. 



FARM-MORTGAGE DEBT 



For the 1950 Census of Agriculture, the definition of a farm was 
the same as for 1954. For the 1945 and earlier Censuses of Agri- 
culture, the definition of a farm was somewhat more inclusive. 
From 1930 to 1945, farms, for Census purposes, included places of 
3 or more acres on which there were agricultural operations, and 
places of less than 3 acres if the agricultural products for home use 
or for sale were valued at $250 or more. For places of 3 or more 
acres, no minimum quantity of agricultural production was re- 
quired for purposes of enumeration; for places of under 3 acres all 
the agricultural products valued at $250 or more may have been 
for home use and not for sale. The only reports excluded from the 
tabulations were those taken in error and those with very limited 
agricultural production, such as only a small home garden, a few 
fruit trees, a very small flock of chickens, etc. In 1945, reports for 
places of 3 acres or more with limited agricultural operations were 
retained if there were 3 or more acres of cropland and pasture, or 
if the value of products in 1944 amounted to $150 or more when 
there were less than 3 acres of cropland and pasture. 

Land in farms. — For 1954 and 1950, the land in each farm, that 
is the land under the control of each farm operator or partnership, 
was determined by asking the number of acres owned, the acres 
rented from others or worked on shares for others, and the acres 
rented to others or worked on shares by others. The acres in the 
farm were obtained by adding the acres owned and acres rented 
from others or worked on shares for others, and subtracting the 
acres rented to others or worked on shares by others. In case of 
a managed farm, the person in charge was asked the total acreage 
managed for his employer. The acreage that was rented to 
others or cropped by others was subtracted from the total managed 
acreage. 

In earlier Censuses, the acreage in each farm was determined by 
asking directly the acreage in the farm. The enumerators and 
farm operators were instructed to include any land rented from 
others and to exclude any land rented to others. 

Value of land and buildings. — The value to be reported was the 
approximate amount for which the land and the buildings on it 
would sell. For the 1954 and the 1950 Censuses of Agriculture, 
the value of land and buildings was estimated on the basis of 
reports for a sample of approximately 20 percent of the farms. 
The value of land and buildings for 1954 was estimated on the 
basis of the value of land and buildings reported for farmland and 
buildings in the survey of mortgage debt. (See adjustment of 
estimates, page 8 for a description of the adjustment of the value 
of land and buildings.) The estimated value of farmland and 
buildings (for farmland and buildings included in the 1954 Census 
of Agriculture) was $106,576,916,000, as of January 1, 1956, an 
increase of 9.2 percent above the $97,582,918,000 shown for the 
1954 Census of Agriculture. 

Farm owner. — A farm owner is a person who, or agency which, 
owns farmland. He may be a farm operator, he may be a land- 
lord renting his land to others or having his land cropped by others, 
or he may be the employer of a manager who operates his farm. 

Farm operator. — A farm operator is a person who operates a 
farm either performing the labor himself or directly supervising it. 
He may be an owner, a hired manager, or a tenant. If he rents 
land to others or has land cropped for him by others, he is con- 
sidered the operator of only the acreage which he retains. The 
number of farm operators is considered the same as the number 
of farms. 

In 1954, farm operators were classified according to the tenure 
under which they held their land on the basis of the land retained 
by the farm operator. In 1950, farm operators were classified 
according to the tenure under which they held their land on the 



basis of the total land owned, the total land rented from others, 
and the land managed for others. For the 1945 and earlier 
Censuses, the determination of full owners, part owners, and ten- 
ants was made, as in 1954, on the basis of land operated. 

Owner-operated farms. — Owner-operated farms are farms 
operated by persons who own farm lands. Mortgage data pre- 
sented for owner-operated farms relate only to land owned by 
the farm operator and retained by him. Land rented to others or 
worked on shares by others is not included. Land owned includes 
all land which the operator or his wife, or both, held under title, 
purchase contract, homestead law, or as one of the heirs, or as a 
trustee, of an undivided estate. For a partnership, all the land 
owned by any of the partners and operated as a partnership was 
to be included as land owned. In the case of an Indian operator, 
land allotted in trust and also any reservation lands assigned him 
for his own use were to be considered as owner-operated. 

Full owners own all 'he land they operate. For the 1954 Census 
of Agriculture, but not for I960, an owner who also rented land 
from others was classed as a full owner if he subrented to others 
all the land he rented from others, retaining and operating only 
land owned by him. 

Part owners own land they operate and rent from others 
additional land which they operate. 

Tenant- and manager-operated farms, including rented portion 
of part-owner farms. — Tenants rent from others, or work on 
shares for others, all the land they operate. For the 1954 Census 
of Agriculture, but not for 1950, tenants included some farm 
operators who owned land but rented to others all the land owned, 
retaining only land rented from others. Rented land includes land 
worked on shares for others and land used rent-free, as well as 
all land rented or leased under other arrangements. Grazing land 
used under government permit is not included. Open range and 
grazing lands used under permit were not to be included as land 
in farms. 

Manager farms are farms operated for others by persons paid a 
wage or salary for their services. Persons acting merely as 
caretakers or hired as laborers are not classified as managers. 
All land operated for a government agency (Federal, State, or 
local), a corporation, or an institution, was considered managed 
even though no person was specifically designated as the farm 
manager. Similarly, grazing lands held or controlled by coop- 
erative groups, such as grazing associations, were considered 
managed. Likewise, Indian reservation lands operated for 
Indians and not reported by individual Indians were considered 
managed. 

Data on acreage, value, and debt presented for tenant- and 
manager-operated farms include the land rented from others by 
part owners. Data on number of tenant and manager farms 
mortgaged, as shown for 1950 and prior years, relate only to 
tenant- and manager-operated farms and represent estimates 
made on the basis of the proportion of the owners of such farms 
who had mortgage indebtedness. 

Number of farms by mortgage status. — For 1956, the number 
of farms mortgaged and the number free of mortgage encumbrance 
were estimated only for full-owner and part-owner (owned portion) 
farms. The number of manager and tenant farms which were 
mortgaged and the number which were free of debt were not 
estimated. A manager or tenant may operate land representing 
several different owners. Mortgage indebtedness reported by 
any of these owners would classify the farm as mortgaged, by 
definition. Mortgage status, as applied to real estate, is a function 
relating to owners, rather than operators of land. Since the value 
of such statistics is limited, estimates of the number of mortgaged 
manager- and tenant-operated farms were not made. 



10 



FARM-MORTGAGE DEBT 



A mortgaged farm is one having land (land and/or buildings 
thereon) pledged as security for debt. A farm free from debt 
is one which has none of the land pledged as security for debt. 
The mortgage status of a part-owner farm relates to the owned 
portion only. If an owner-operator reported mortgage indebted- 
ness on any of the land owned, the farm was considered to be 
mortgaged. This procedure may have resulted in a slight over- 
statement of the number of owner-operated mortgaged farms. 
For example, an owner-operator may rent to others a portion of 
the land owned. He majr have mortgage indebtedness on only 
that portion which he rents to others. Under the above procedure, 
his farm might have been classed as mortgaged when actually all 
the land he retained and operated w-as free of debt. 

Farm-mortgage debt. — Farm mortgages are evidences of a 
pledge of farmland and buildings as security for a debt. The 
debt may have arisen through purchase of the real estate or 
through a subsequent loan. Farm mortgages include deeds of 
trust, deeds to secure debt, purchase money mortgages, vendors 
liens (deed with vendor), land purchase contracts, and bonds for 
deed. They do not include crop liens, mechanics liens, judgments, 
mortgages on livestock or machinery, or other personal property- 
liens (chattel mortgages), promissory notes, or delinquent- taxes. 
In conformity with the practices followed in farm credit statis- 
tics prepared by the United States Department of Agriculture, 
in this and preceding farm-mortgage surveys, all Production Credit 
Association loans were considered non-real estate debt. The 
primary security for such loans is crop or chattel mortgages 
although in infrequent cases real estate mortgages may be taken 
as additional security. When identifiable, Production Credit 
Association loans reported on the 1956 survey questionnaire were 
deleted in the editing process. Similarly, all identifiable operat- 
ing loans of the Farmers' Home Administration were deleted 
although they sometimes are secured by real estate mortgages in 
addition to the usual crop or chattel mortgages. In the editing- 
process, care was taken to delete all non-real estate indebtedness 
which could be identified as such. 

Age of operator. — The ago of the farm operator, as ascertained 
in the 1954 Census of Agriculture, was copied onto transcription 
cards. These age figures were transferred, with other informa- 
tion, onto punch cards. Thus, it is possible to present herein 
some characteristics of mortgaged farms of full owners and of 
part owners, arrayed according to the age of the operator in 1954. 
A distribution of all full owners and of all part owners had already 
been made in an earlier phase of the processing of the 1954 Census 
of Agriculture data. Table 14 presents an array of all full owners 
and of all part owners, b}' age, and the proportion in each of these 
tenure groups which had a mortgage on their own land. The 
array, by age, for the entire group of full owners and of part 
owners was based en the age reported, in 1954, for the 1954 sample 
group of farms. (See Introduction of Volume II of the reports 
of the 1954 Census of Agriculture for a full description of this 
sample.) The array, by age (prevailing at the taking of the 1954 
Census), for the mortgaged full owners and for the mortgaged 
part owners is based on an expansion of data representing the 
encumbered farms (as of January 1, 1956) for a smaller group 
of farms. 

The proportion of farms of full owners which were under 
mortgage, by age groups, is given herein for 1930, 1940, and 1956 
(latter adjusted to the 1954 number of farms). A similar age dis- 



tribution was made for several Censuses prior to 1930. Data for 
these earlier years may be found in Volume III of the reports for 
the 1940 Census of Agriculture. That report also gives some age 
data distributed by mortgage status and by color of operator. 
No age data, for mortgaged farms, are available from the 1945 
and 1950 Censuses. A distribution of part-owner farm operators, 
by mortgage status, by age is available only for 1940 and 1956. 
The average age of full owners and of part owners, by mortgage 
status, is available only for 1940. These averages appear in 
Volume III of the reports for the 1940 Census of Agriculture. 

Economic class of farm. — For the 1954 Census of Agriculture, 
farms were divided into two major groups — commercial farms and 
other farms and each group was subdivided as follows: 

Commercial farms were divided into six groups on the basis 
of the total value of all farm products sold, as follows: 

Class of farm Value of farm products sold 

I .-_. $25,000 or more. 

II . $10,000 to $24,999. 

III_ $5,000 to $9,999. 

IV $2,500 to $4,999. 

V $1,200 to $2,499. 

VI $250 to $1,199. 1 

■ Farms were classified as Class VI only when the farm operator reported that 
he worked oft the farm less than 100 days, and that the income the farm operator 
and members of his family received from nonfarm sources was less than the total 
value of all farm products sold. 

Other farms have been grouped into three classes as follows: 

Part-time farms. — Farms with a value of sales of farm 
products of $250 to $1,199 were classified as part time if the 
farm operator reported (a) 100 or more days of work off the 
farm in 1954, or (b) the other income received by him and 
members of his family was greater than the value of farm 
products sold. 

Residential farms. — Residential farms include all farms 
except abnormal farms with a total value of farm products 
sold of less than $250. Some of these represent farms on 
which the operator worked off the farm more than 100 days 
in 1954. Some represent farms on which the income from 
nonfarm sources was greater than the value of sales of agri- 
cultural products. Others represent subsistence and marginal 
farms of various kinds. Some farms are included here which, 
if the classification were based on farm production for more 
than 1 year, might have qualified as commercial farms. 

Abnormal farms. — Insofar as it was possible to identify them, 
abnormal farms include all public and private institutional 
farms, community enterprises, experiment-station farms, 
grazing associations, etc. Abnormal farms were usually con- 
sidered to be corporate-operated farms. As mentioned 
before, all corporate farms were considered to be free of 
mortgage. 

Farms by type. — The classification of farms by type was made 
on the basis of the relationship of the value of sales from a par- 
ticular source or sources to the total value of all farm products 
sold from the farm. In some cases, the type of farm was de- 
termined on the basis of the sale of an individual farm product, 
such as cotton, or on the basis of closely related products, such 
as dairy products. In other cases, the type was determined on 
the basis of sales of a broader group of products such as corn, 
sorghums, all small grains, field peas, field beans, cowpeas, and 
soybeans. Part-time, residential, and abnormal farms were not 
classified by type. In order to be classified as a particular type, 
sales or anticipated sales of a product or a group of products had 
to represent 50 percent or more of the total value of products sold. 

The data given in this report by type of farm relate only to 
commercial farms operated by full owners. 



FARM-MORTGAGE DEBT 



11 



The types of farms for which data are shown, together with 
the product of group of products on which the classification is 
based, are: 

Type of farm Product or group of products amounting to SO percent 

or mart of the value of all farm products sold 

Cotton Cott on (lint and seed) . 

Cash-grain Corn, sorghum, small grains, field peas, 

field beans, cowpeas, and soybeans. 

Other field-crop Peanuts, Irish potatoes, sweetpotatoes, 

tobacco, sugarcane, sugar beets for 
sugar, and other miscellaneous crops. 

Vegetable Vegetables. 

Fruit-and-nut Berries and other small fruits, and tree 

fruits, nuts, and grapes. 

Dairy Milk and other dairy products. The 

criterion of 50 percent of the total 
sales was modified in the case of dairy 
farms. A farm for which the value 
of sales of dairy products represented 
less than 50 percent of the total value 
of farm products sold was classified 
as a dairy farm if — 

(a) Milk and other dairy products 
accounted for 30 percent or 
more of the total value of 
products sold, and 
(.6) Milk cows represented 50 per- 
cent or more of all cows, and 
(c) Sales of dairy products, together 
with the sales of cattle and 
calves, amounted to 50 per- 
cent or more of the total value 
of farm products sold. 

Poultry Chickens, eggs, turkeys, and other 

poultry products. 
Livestock farms other Cattle, calves, hogs, sheep, goats, wool, 
than dairy and poul- and mohair, provided the farm did 
try. not qualify as a dairy farm. 

General Farms were classified as general when 

the value of products from one source 
or group of sources did not represent 
as much as 50 percent of the total 
value of all farm products sold. Sep- 
arate figuies are given for three kinds 
of general farms: 
(a) Primarily crop. 
(6) Primarily livestock, 
(c) Crop and livestock. 
Primarily crop farms are those for which 
the sale of one of the following crops 
or groups of crops — vegetables, fruits 
and nuts, cotton, cash grains, or other 
field crops — did not amount to 50 
percent or more of the value of all 
farm products sold, but for which the 
value of sales for all these groups of 
crops represented 70 percent or more 
of the value of all farm products sold. 
Primarily livestock farms are those which 
could not qualify as dairy farms, 
poultry farms, or livestock farms 
other than dairy and poultry, but for 
which the sale of livestock and poul- 
try and livestock and poultry prod- 
ucts amounted to 70 percent or more 
of the value of all farm products sold. 
General crop and livestock farms are 
those which could not be classified as 
either crop farms or livestock farms, 
but for which the sale of all crops 
amounted to at least 30 percent but 
less than 70 percent of the total value 
of all farm products sold. 

Miscellaneous This group of farms includes those that 

had 50 percent or more of the total 
value of products accounted for by 
sale of horticultural products, or sale 
of horses, or sale of forest products. 



FARM-MORTGAGE DEBT 

Farm-mortgage debt on January 1, 1956, for the United States, 
is estimated at $9,060 million, an increase of 62 percent from the 
amount on January 1, 1950. In this 6-year period there were 
significant increases, not only in the amount of outstanding farm- 
mortgage debt, but also in the proportion and number of owner- 
operated farms which were mortgaged and in the acreage and 
value of mortgaged farms. However, the average ratio of debt 
to value for mortgaged farms for 1956 was slightly below that 
for 1950. Interest rates on farm mortgages rose in this period, 
and increases in the amount of farm-mortgage debt held were 
shown by all important types of lenders. 

Amount of farm-mortgage debt. — The estimate of $9,066 million 
for farm-mortgage debt for January 1, 1956, compares with $5,579 
million on January 1, 1950. Although there was an increase of 
62 percent during the 6-year period, the 1956 total was about 
6 percent below the $9,631 million estimated for 1930. The peak 
in farm-mortgage debt occurred in 1923 when the total was $10,786 
million, according to estimates of the United States Department 
of Agriculture. The lowest point reached following the 1923 high 
was in 1946 when the United States Department of Agriculture 
estimate of total farm-mortgage debt was $4,760 million. Since 
1946, the total has increased each year. The average annual 
increase in the years 1950 to 1955 was about $581 million, or 
about 4^2 times the average annual increase during the years 1945 
to 1949. 

Factors in the increase in farm-mortgage debt from 1950 to 
1956 include a rise in farm real estate values which tends to increase 
the amount which may be borrowed on the security of farm mort- 
gages. The average value per acre of land in mortgaged farms 
was estimated at $104 per acre for January 1, 1956, which com- 
pares with $73 per acre 6 years earlier. Second, although the 
rate of farm transfers according to the United States Department 
of Agriculture estimates, was lower during the 1950-55 period 
than during the 1946-49 period, the proportion of sales involving 
credit financing was higher in the latter period and the ratio of 
debt to consideration in credit-financed sales was also higher. 
Third, the availability of farm-mortgage credit appears to have 
been generally adequate during this period. The Farm Credit 
Administration estimates that the average annual amount of farm 
mortgages recorded was $1,887 million during the years 1950-55, 
an increase of 38 percent from the average of $1,363 million during 
the 1945-49 period. 

Farm-mortgage debt on full-owner farms in 1956 was 52 percent 
higher than in 1950, while there was an increase of 96 percent 
in the debt on part-owner farms (operator-owned portion only). 
Debt on land rented or managed by farm operators rose 58 per- 
cent in the same 6-year period. 

Increases in total farm-mortgage debt were generally higher in 
the South and West than in the North. On a geographic division 
basis, the highest rate of increase from 1950 to 1956, 90 percent, 
occurred in the Mountain States and the lowest increase, 34 per- 
cent, was in the New England States. 

Average debt per mortgaged full-owner farm in 1956 was $5,200 
compared with an average value of $19,400 and the owner's equity 
of $14,200. For the operator-owned portions of part-owner farms 
the average debt, value, and equity per farm were, respectively, 
$6,300, $24,700, and $18,400. The average ratio of debt to value 
for all mortgaged farms in 1956 was 25.0 percent which was not 
significantly below the 25.3 figure for 1950. The 1956 debt to 
value ratios were 27 percent for mortgaged full-owner farms, 25 
percent for the operator-owned portions of part-owner farms, and 
21 percent for rented and managed land. For each tenure, the 
ratio of debt to value in 1956 was about the same as in 1950. 



12 



FARM-MORTGAGE DEBT 



Number of owner-operated mortgaged farms. — The total num- 
ber of owner-operated mortgaged farms in 1956 (including only the 
operator-owned portion of part-owner farms) is estimated as 
1,278,000, an increase of 9 percent from the 1,176,000 mortgaged 
in 1950. The increase in the number of mortgaged owner- 
operated farms occurred notwithstanding a decrease of 8 percent 
in the total number of owner-operated farms. The proportion of 
owner-operated farms which were mortgaged was 35 percent in 
1956 as compared with 30 percent in 1950 and 44 percent in 1940. 
As in previous Censuses, the proportion of part-owner farms which 
were mortgaged in 1956 was higher than that for full owners. In 
1956, 42 percent of the part-owner farms had mortgage indebted- 
ness as compared with 33 percent of full-owner farms. 

In every geographic division the proportion of owner-operated 
farms mortgaged was higher in 1956 than in 1950. The lowest 
proportions of full-owner farms mortgaged in 1956 were in the 
South Atlantic and East South Central States where only 26 per- 
cent were mortgaged. The highest proportion mortgaged was 46 
percent in the Pacific States; in the Mountain States, the propor- 
tion was 44 percent, and in the New England States, it averaged 
42 percent. In the case of part-owner farms (operator-owned 
portion only), 54 percent were mortgaged in the New England 
States and 51 percent in the Pacific States, but in the South 
Atlantic and East South Central States the ratio of mortgaged 
part-owner farms to the total was only 37 percent. 

Acreage in mortgaged farms. — Total land in mortgaged farms 
on January 1, 1956, is estimated as 348,687,000 acres, about 30 
percent of the total land in all farms. This represents an increase 
of 45,077,000 acres, or 15 percent, since 1950. Not all of the land 
in mortgaged farms is actually under mortgage. Data on land 
actually under mortgage are not available for 1956, but estimates 
of the United States Department of Agriculture indicated that 81 
percent of all land in mortgaged farms was mortgaged in 1950. 
(Bierman, R. W., United States Mortgaged Farms, 1950: Esti- 
mates by Ratio of Debt to Value. United States Department of 
Agriculture, Agr. Res. Serv., ARS 43-13, 54 pp., illus. August 
1955.) The ratio of land in mortgaged farms to total land in all 
farms varied, by tenure in 1956, from 16 percent for rented and 
managed land to 38 percent for full-owner farms and to 45 percent 
for operator-owned land in part-owner farms. 

The average size of mortgaged full-owner farms in 1956 was 164 
acres as compared with 151 acres in 1950. As in previous Cen- 
suses, mortgaged full-owner farms were usually larger than those 
free from mortgage. The average size of unmortgaged full-owner 
farms in 1956 was 135 acres. Similarly, part owners with a 
mortgage, as an average, owned and operated 318 acres while 
those free from debt owned and operated only 288 acres. Mort- 
gaged full-owner farms averaged larger than those free from debt 
in all geographic divisions except in the Pacific Division. In the 
case of part owners (operator-owned portion only) the mortgaged 
farms averaged larger than those free from debt except in the 
West North Central and Mountain States. 

Value of mortgaged farms. — The estimated average value per 
acre of land in mortgaged farms in 1956 was $104 as compared to 
$73 in 1950. Land free from debt had a 1956 average value of $87 
per acre while the average for all land in farms is estimated as $92. 
In 1950, the average value per acre for all farms was $64. The 
general pattern in this and in previous recent Censuses, for owner- 
operated lands, is for land in mortgaged farms to have a higher 
value, on the average, than land in farms free from debt. The 
estimated value of land actually under mortgage is not shown in 
this report; estimates of the United States Department of Agri- 
culture are that, in 1950, mortgaged land accounted for 85 percent 
of the value of all land in mortgaged farms and that mortgaged 
land averaged 31 percent higher in value per acre than unmort- 



gaged land in mortgaged farms. (Bierman, R. W., United States 
Mortgaged Farms, 1950: Estimates by Ratio of Debt to Value. 
United States Department of Agriculture, Agr. Res. Serv., ARS 
43-13, 54 pp., illus. August 1955.) 

The average value of mortgaged full-owner farms in 1956 was 35 
percent above that for full-owner farms free from debt, and this 
difference was observed in each geographic division. For the 
United States, the average value of land and buildings in all full- 
owner farms was $16,000, those which were mortgaged were 
valued at $19,400, and those free from debt had an average value 
of $14,400. The operator-owned portions of mortgaged part- 
owner farms were valued at $24,700 on the average while the 
average value for those free from debt was $19,800 in 1956. 

The proportion of the total value for all farms represented by 
the value of land and buildings for mortgaged farms rose, for each 
tenure group, from 1950 to 1956. In 1956, 40 percent of the total 
value of full-owner farms was in mortgaged farms, and the propor- 
tions were 48 percent for the operator-owned portions of part- 
owner farms and 22 percent for rented and managed land. Differ- 
ences in these proportions, between tenures, are, in general, 
similar to those for previous Censuses. 

Interest charges and rates. — The average interest rate on total 
outstanding farm-mortgage debt on January 1, 1956, was 4.7 
percent which compares with 4.5 percent in 1950 and 1945, 4.6 
percent in 1940, and 6.0 percent in 1930. The average rate was 
4.8 percent for full owners, 4.7 percent for part owners, and 4.6 
percent for farm-mortgage debt secured by rented and managed 
land. A higher rate for full owners than for other tenures was 
reported in 1950 when the rate for full owners was 4.5 percent and 
that for part owners and for tenant- and manager-operated farms 
was 4.4 percent. 

In 1956, by geographic divisions, the highest average interest 
rates were in the South Atlantic States where the average was 5.1 
percent. The lowest rates were in the West North Central 
States where they averaged 4.4 percent. The regional pattern 
of farm-mortgage interest rates is similar to that reported for the 
1950 and previous Censuses of Agriculture. 

Interest rates vary considerably between types of lender. In 
general, rates of individual and miscellaneous lenders and oper- 
ating banks were highest followed in order by life insurance com- 
panies, the Federal land banks, and the Farmers' Home Admin- 
istration. Loans of the Farmers' Home Administration reported 
in the 1956 survey carried an average rate of 3.9 percent. The 
Farm Credit Administration reports an average rate of 4.1 percent 
on Federal land bank loans on January 1, 1956. At that time, 
9 of the 12 Federal land banks had a rate of 4.0 percent. The 
Federal land banks of Springfield, Mass. and Baltimore, Md., 
charged 4.5 percent, and the Federal Land Bank of Columbia, 
S. C, had a rate of 5.0 percent. Life insurance companies are 
the most important institutional lenders, and their borrowers 
reported an average rate of 4.6 percent. All operating banks 
(commercial, savings, and private) averaged 4.9 percent. Farm- 
mortgage interest rates for indebtedness held by individuals aver- 
aged 4.7 percent and for miscellaneous lenders averaged 5.0 
percent. In general, the average rates by lenders display similar 
regional patterns and tend to be higher in the South and in New 
England and lowest in the North Central States. 

Miscellaneous lenders in the West South Central Division show 
a relatively low average rate of interest. This is partly the result 
of various States in this division authorizing veteran's loans at 
low interest rates. Interest rates in the miscellaneous lender 
group are also affected by an increased volume of low interest 
drought relief loans, particularly in Oklahoma and Texas. 



FARM-MORTGAGE DEBT 



13 



In general, interest rates on mortgages held by individuals were 
lower than those of either banks or miscellaneous lenders. This 
may be explained, in part, by the practice of many farm operators 
to sell their farms to members of their own families or for individ- 
uals to make loans to relatives at a low rate of interest. Many 
individuals who sell farm real estate, and receive a mortgage as 
part of the consideration, are willing to accept a lower rate of 
interest than lending institutions which rely solely on investment 
income. 

The most common interest rates charged on farm mortgages 
outstanding January 1, 1956, were 4 percent, 5 percent, and 6 
percent. In the case of full owners with mortgaged farms, 37 
percent reported an interest rate between 4.00 and 4.99 percent, 
23 percent a rate between 5.00 and 5.99 percent, and 29 percent a 
rate between 6.00 and 6.99 percent. Only 5 percent of all full- 
owners reported an interest rate of 7.0 percent or more and only 6 
percent reported less than 4.0 percent. The distribution of 
mortgaged farms of part owners by interest rates was similar to 
that of full owners. The proportions of farms reporting higher 
interest rates tended to be larger in the Southern and Western 
States and smaller in the North Central States than in other areas. 

A comparison of the proportions of full owners with mortgaged 
farms reporting specified rates of interest on farm mortgages from 
1920 to 1956 shows a decline in the proportions in the higher-rate 
groups and an increase in the proportions in the middle- and 
lower-rate groups. These data appear in Table C. The most 
noticeable decrease is in mortgages with rates of 7.00 percent or 
more; 29 percent of mortgaged full-owner farms were in this 
group in 1920 but by 1956 only 5 percent had this rate. Similarly, 
only 3 percent paid less than 5.00 percent interest in 1920, but the 
proportion was 46 percent in 1951 and 43 percent in 1956. 

Table C. — Percentage Distribution of Mortgaged Full- 
owner Farms, by Rate of Interest, for the United States: 
1956, 1951, 1940, and 1920 * 



AU mortgaged full-owner farms 

Under 4.00 percent 

4.00 to 4.99 percent. 

5.00 to 5.99 percent 

6.00 to 6.99 percent ._ _. 

7.00 percent and over 



Debt held by principal lenders. — While total farm-mortgage 
debt increased 62 percent from 1950 to 1956, the rate of increase 
varied considerably by type of lender. The highest rate of in- 
crease was the 94 percent shown by insurance companies. Other 
increases by type of lender were: All operating banks, 44 percent; 
Farmers' Home Administration, 47 percent; Federal land banks, 
53 percent; and the residual group of individual and miscellaneous 
lenders, 59 percent. Of the increase of $3,487 million in total 
farm-mortgage debt from 1950 to 1956, 39 percent or $1,374 
million is accounted for by increased holdings of individual and 
miscellaneous lenders. Holdings of life insurance companies 
increased $1,099 million and made up 32 percent of the total 
increase, and the increase of $515 million for Federal land banks 
was 15 percent of the total increase. 

Farm-mortgage holdings of the Federal land banks (including 
loans of the Federal Farm Mortgage Corporation transferred to 
the land banks in 1955) increased in nearly every State during 



1956 


1951 ■ 


1940 


Percent 


Percent 


Percent 


100 


100 


100 


6 


7 


8 


37 


39 


21 


23 


24 


30 


29 


25 


31 


S 


S 


10 



the 1950-56 period. The largest relative increase was 71 percent 
in the Mountain Division and the smallest was 19 percent in New 
England. In 1956, Federal land bank loans were most important 
in the West North Central and West South Central divisions; 
there they made up 20 percent of the total. 

Life insurance companj' farm mortgage holdings were most 
important in the West South Central, West North Central, and 
Mountain Divisions accounting for 40, 33, and 31 percent, re- 
spectively, of all farm mortgage debt in these divisions. The 
greatest increase in insurance company mortgages, 217 percent, 
occurred in the South Atlantic Division. In 5 of the 9 geographic 
divisions, the increase in farm mortgages held by insurance com- 
panies was more than 100 percent from 1950 to 1956. 

Farm mortgage loans of all operating banks, as a percentage of 
total mortgage debt, was highest in New England with 27 percent. 
The West South Central Division showed the largest percentage 
increase in bank loans, 6S percent over 1950. 

The all other lender group (including individuals and miscel- 
laneous lenders) was the largest holder of farm-mortgage debt in 
all divisions except the West South Central. These lenders held 81 
percent of all farm-mortgage debt in New England, 78 percent in 
the Middle Atlantic Division, and 72 percent in the Pacific 
Division. Since 1950, the greatest increase in debt held by this 
group of lenders, 81 percent, occurred in the South Atlantic 
Division. 

Ratio of debt to value. — The largest number of mortgaged farms 
(full owners and part owners combined) in every geographic 
division fell into the ratio of debt-to-value groups of 10-19 percent 
and 20-29 percent. This was also true for full-owner and part- 
owner farms individually with the exception of the South Atlantic 
Division where the number of full-owner farms was highest in the 
under-10 percent and the 10-19 percent ratio of debt-to-value 
groups. The number of mortgaged farms with ratio of debt to 
value of 30 percent or higher generally declined as the ratios 
increased so that only 5 percent of all mortgaged farms had ratios 
of 80 percent or above. 

Land in mortgaged farms was distributed among the ratio of 
debt-to-value groups in nearly the same proportions as number 
of farms. The 10-19 percent group and the 20-29 percent group 
contained the largest number of acres in most divisions. There 
appeared to be a negative relationship between average number 
of acres per mortgaged farm and ratio of debt to value. Farms 
with low ratios of debt to value tended to be larger than farms 
with high debt-to-value ratios. 

Value of land and buildings on mortgaged farms was highest 
in the under-10 percent and the 10-19 percent ratio of debt-to- 
value groups. Average values per farm and per acre tended to 
decline as the ratio of debt to value increased. 

The debt-to-value comparisons would indicate that high debt 
ratios occur most frequently among farms having relatively small 
acreages and low total values. 

Mortgage debt by age of operator. — The available data indicate 
that farm operators, whose farms are mortgaged, are somewhat 
younger than those whose farms are free from mortgage indebted- 
ness. The median age of all full-owners in 1954 was 54.0 years 
as compared with 47.8 years for those reporting mortgage indebted- 
ness in 1956. The age group under 35 shows a higher proportion 
of mortgaged farms than any other group. As the age of the 
operator increases, the percentage of the mortgaged farms decreases. 
For full-owners, 56.8 percent of those under 35 years of age were 
operating mortgaged farms as compared with 15.6 percent of those 
65 years or older. 



14 



FARM-MORTGAGE DEBT 



The distribution, by age, for mortgaged farms operated by 
part-owners is similar to that for full-owners. The median age 
of 44.5 for part-owners reporting mortgage indebtedness compares 
with the median age of 47.7 for all part owners. 

The increased proportion of mortgaged farms in the under-35 
age group, in 1956 as compared with 1940, reflects, in part, the 
increasing requirements and opportunities for use of capital by 
beginning farm-operators and also their willingness and ability to 
incur a mortgage for the purchase or expansion of their farm 
enterprise. It may also indicate a more rapid movement of young 
farmers from tenant to owner-operator status. 

The concentration of the amount of mortgage debt among 
younger operators is further shown in Tables 15 and 16. Average 
mortgate debt per farm and per acre was highest in the under-35- 
years-of-age group. Ratio of debt to value and average debt 
declined as age of operator increased. Average size and average 
value of mortgaged farms in each age group generally increased 
with age of operator. 

Mortgage debt by economic class of farm. — Table D shows the 
proportion of mortgaged full-owner farms and part-owner farms 
in each economic class. Since gross income is the chief determi- 
nant of economic class, the data in that table reveal a high positive 
correlation between gross income per farm and the occurrence of 
mortgage debt. These data and those in Table 17 indicate that, 
for full-owners, commercial farms represent 58 percent of all farms 

Table D. — Number of Full'Owner and Part-owner Farms 
and Proportion Mortgaged, by Economic Class of Farm, 
for the United States: 1956 





Full 


-owner farms 


Par 


-owner farms 


Economic class of farm 


Total 
number 


Number 
mort- 
gaged 


Percent 
mort- 
gaged 


Total 
number 


Number 
mort- 
gaged 


Percent 
mort- 
gaged 




2, 744, 708 

1, 594, 192 
47, 195 
158, 191 
296, 721 
391,879 
406, 22i! 
293, 984 

1,150,516 

419, 726 

730, 606 

184 


909, 239 

602, 756 
22, 383 
73, 803 
137, 351 
158, 612 
148, 861 
61, 746 
306, 4S3 
139, 352 
167, 131 


33.1 

87.8 
47.4 
46.7 
46.3 
40.5 
36.6 
21.0 
26.6 
33.2 
22.9 


868, 180 

756, 233 
81, 206 
149, 427 
199, 043 
177, 593 
125, 886 
53, 078 
111, 947 
66, 635 
45, 272 
40 


368, 269 

337, 537 
25, 709 
72, 903 
98, 138 
79, 570 
46, 541 
14, 676 
30, 732 
20, 985 
9,747 




Commercial farms 


44.6 


Class II 




Class III 




Class IV 








Class VI 































but account for 66 percent of all mortgaged farms. Likewise, 
from Table D and Table 18, it is shown that commercial farms 
account for 87 percent of all part-owner farms and 92 percent of 
mortgaged farms. 

The average size of farm, the average value of land and build- 
ings, and the average amount of mortgage debt for mortgaged 
farms tended to be higher for farms with relatively high gross 
income. Average size, value, and debt per farm and per acre 
showed a rather constant decrease from Economic Class I through 
Economic Class VI. 

A negative correlation exists, in a limited degree, between ratio 
of debt to value and gross income per farm. Farms with high 
gross income generally had lower debt-to-value ratios than did 
low-income farms. The relatively large debt per farm and per 
acre among high-income farms was apparently more than offset by 
the high value of land and buildings in these economic classes. 
Debt loads, as measured by ratios of debt to value, were usually 
highest among relatively low-income farms. 

Mortgage debt by type of farm. — Tables E and 19 contain data 
for 1956 for mortgaged full-owner commercial farms by type of 
farm. There are no comparable data for earlier years. Without 
these, observations on trends cannot be made. It is apparent 
that certain types of farms are located predominantly in one 
region and are thus influenced by characteristics of that region. 

Table E shows the proportion of full-owner commercial farms 
mortgaged by type of farm. The data in that table indicate as 
much of a variation in proportion of farms mortgaged for a given 
type among regions as between types in the same region. The 
highest proportion of mortgaged farms for each type, with one 
exception, is in the West. The South had the lowest proportion 
of mortgaged farms with the exception of one type. 

Variations in average size of farm, average value of land and 
buildings, and average mortgage debt by type of farm, as shown 
in Table 19, reflect differences in the characteristics of various 
types of mortgaged farms in each geographic division. For the 
United States, two types, field-crop farms other than vegetable 
and fruit-and-nut and livestock farms other than dairy and poultry, 
account for more than one-half of all land, value, and debt in 
mortgaged full-owner commercial farms. 

Ratio of debt to value, for the United States as a whole, shows 
less variation than average size, value, and debt by type of farm. 
Dairy farms have the highest ratio of debt to value, 31.8 percent, 
while vegetaWe farms have the lowest with a 22.0 percent ratio. 



Table E. — Number of Full-Owner Commercial Farms With Proportion Mortgaged by Type of Farm, for the United States 

and Regions: 1956 



The United Stales 



Total num 
ber of 

full-owner 
farms 



Per- 
cent 
mort- 



Total num 
ber of 

full -owner 
farms 



Per- 
cent 
mort- 



Total num- 
ber of 

full-owner 
farms 



Number 
mort- 
gaged 



Per- 
cent 
mort- 



Total num 
ber of 

full-owner 
farms 



Number 
mort- 
gaged 



Per- 
cent 
mort- 



Full-owner farms 

Commercial farms, total 

Field-crop farms other than vegetable and 

fruit-and-nut 

Cash-grain 

Cotton _ 

Other field-crop 

Vegetable farms _.. 

Fruit-and-nut farms 

Dairy farms 

Poultry farms 

Livestock farms other than dairy and poultry.- 

General farms 

Primarily crop.. 

Primarily livestock 

Crop and livestock 

Miscellaneous farms. 

Other farms, total 



4('.n, sr, 

191, 244 

127, 761 
141, 530 

16, 937 

67, 085 

n:;s, u 12 

128.002 
383, 908 

169, 831 
39, 324 
37, 259 
93, 248 
29, 852 



909, 239 
602, 756 



43, 517 

6,915 

24, 574 
143, 290 

50, 424 
133, 044 

66, 130 
17, 265 
13, 480 
35, 385 
9,714 



36.6 
39.4 
39.0 



36.6 
42.4 
39.4 
34.7 



43.9 
36.2 
37.9 
32.5 



102, Ml 

150,065 

2, 159 

10, 597 



13,024 
29, 528 
53, 237 
12, 959 



3,879 

3,516 
4,813 

107,085 
24, 449 
83,991 

37, 110 
4,814 
11,432 
20, 864 
4,524 

114, 421 



42.7 
36.4 
42.1 
38.9 
37.0 



272, 002 
25, 222 
120, 443 
126,397 

5,715 
16,983 
55, 153 
46, 428 
121, 919 

86, 817 
17, 794 
6,101 
32, 922 
11,881 



90,957 
9.307 
44, 808 
30, 842 



21,039 
15, 778 
34, 165 



1,235 
9,550 
3, 107 



32.0 
29.0 
38.1 
34.0 
28.0 

31.8 
41.1 
20.2 



25, 652 
15, 957 
5,159 
4,536 



36, 873 
28, 285 
18, 743 
35, 231 

17, 225 
8, 506 
1,630 
7,089 
5,012 

110,005 



125, 538 

82,500 

13, 135 
6, 354 
3.985 
2,796 

1,569 
14, 835 
15, 166 
10, 197 
14,888 



52.4 
40.2 
63.6 
54.4 
42.3 



FARM-MORTGAGE DEBT 



15 



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FARM-MORTGAGE DEBT 



17 



Table 2. — Number, Acreage, and Value of Farms Operated by Full Owners, by Mortgage Status, by Divisions and States: 

1940-56 

[For 1956 and 19.50, no data are included for the District of Columbia; for 1945 and 1U40, District of Columbia data are included with Maryland] 



Area and mortgage status 



Per- 
cent 
distri- 
bution 



Increase or 

decrease (— ) 

from preceding 

Census 



Per- 
cent 
distri- 
bution 



Value of land and buildings 



Per- 
cent 
distri- 
bution 



Amount of mortgage debt 



Average debt 
(dollars) 



UNITED STATES 
All farms 



Free from debt 



..1966. 

1950. 
1945- 
1940. 

..1956. 
1950. 
1945. 
1940. 



.Mortgaged ...1956. 

1950. 
1945. 
1940. 



Ill farms 1956 

1950 
1945 
1940 

Free from debt. 1956 

1950 
1945 
1940 

Mortgaged 1956. 

1950 
1945. 
1940 

Middle Atlantic 

HI farms 1956 

1950 
1945 
1940 

Free from debt 1956 

1950 
1945 
1940 



1956 

1950 
1945 
1940. 

East North Central 

All farms 1956. 

1950. 
1945. 
1940. 

Free from debt 1956. 

1950. 
1945. 
1940. 

Mortgaged- 1956. 

1950. 
1945. 
1940- 

West North Central 

All farms 1956.. 

1950.. 
1945.. 
1940- . 

Free from debt 1956.. 

1950.. 
1945.. 
1940- . 

Mortgaged 1956. . 

1950.. 
1945.. 
1940.. 



2, 744, 70S 

3, 0S9. 507 
3, 301, Ml 
3, 084, 138 

1, 835, 469 

2, 195, 471 
2.304, 156 
1,805,826 

909, 239 

894, 090 

997, 205 

1,278,312 



til, SS9 
86, 845 
132. 943 
116,459 

37,647 
52, 387 
86, 202 
61, 929 

27, 242 
34, 458 
46, 741 
54,530 



195, 711 
234. 172 
270,1101 



12.-.. 371) 
154, 140 
179,001 
156, 434 

70, 341 

SO. 323 
90,310 
112,705 



492, 101 
502. 255 
5SS. 434 
0U5, 002 

316, 544 

371, 105 
375, 518 

317, 962 

175, 617 
190, 790 

212,010 
2S7, 1311 



•13i 1,701 
482, 546 
408, 042 
447, 208 

265, 419 
312, 174 

207, 7S4 
206, 621 

171, 282 
170, 372 
201, 158 

240, 587 



100.0 

100.0 
100.0 
100. 



34 1.859 
-211.794 
217.223 



-300.002 
-HIS, 685 
49\ 330 



-10.4 
-4.7 
27.6 



15, 143 

-103, 109 

-2S1, 107 

8,205 



397, 214, 478 
418. 970, 000 
412, 357. 893 
382, 098, 424 

248, 103, 819 
283, 027. 200 
203. 251, 487 
201, 646, 073 

149, 110, 059 
135, 342, 800 
149, 100, 406 
180, 452, 351 



100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 

62.5 
67.7 
63.8 
52.8 



135.2 
129. 2 
114.3 
111.7 

164.0 
151.4 
149.5 



44, 000. 567, 000 
32, 690, 092, 000 
21, 106, 510, 770 
15, 297, 274, 256 

26, 380, 969. 000 
21,416,720,000 
12, 940, 312, 776 
7,410,111,441 

17, 62.5, 598, 000 
11,273,372,000 
8, 166, 198, 000 
7, 887, 162, 815 



100. 

100.0 
100.0 

100.0 



42.0 
39.7 
35.2 
46.8 



1011.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 

64.1 

65.7 
66.5 
58.1 

35.9 
34.3 
33.5 
41.9 



100.0 
100.0 

mo. o 
loo.o 



35.7 
33.9 
36.2 
47.5 



100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100. 



35.3 
42.9 
53.8 



-25.3 
-34.7 
14.2 



-14,740 

-33,815 
24, 273 



-28.1 

-39. 2 

39. 2 



-7.210 
12, 283 
-7,789 



-20.9 
-26.3 
-14.3 



-28,779 
-25.512 
23,227 



-18.7 
-14.2 
14.8 



-12.4 
-11.1 
-19.9 



-70.O01 
-20, 170 
-10,058 



-54,921 
-4,053 

57, 550 



-15,173 

-22, 120 
-74, 214 



-45,845 
13, 004 
21.734 



-46,755 
44, 300 
01. 103 



-15.0 
16.6 
29.0 



7, 552, 345 
9, 416, 800 
11,819.218 
10, 716, 226 

4, 325, 739 

5, 054, 000 
7. 524, 048 
5, 522, 786 

3, 226, 600 

3,702.800 

4. 295. 20(1 
5, 193, 140 



19,210,215 
21, 943, 300 
23, 357, 541 
23, 040, 825 

11, 858, 124 
13,008,300 
14, 720, 441 
13, 003, 158 

7, 352, 091 

7, 975, 000 

8, 637, 100 
10, 037, 007 



49, 473, 074 

53, 671. 700 

54, 252, 152 
55, 004, 458 

31, 428, 360 

31,940.000 

32. 508, 852 
27, 270, 026 

18, 044, 714 
18, 725, 100 
21, 743, 300 
27, 734, 432 



86, 427, 610 
89,792,800 

50. 618, 809 
73, 045, 168 

51, 084, 172 

58, 225, 200 
42. 033, 003 

30, 148, 615 

35, 343, 438 

31, 667, 600 

37, 0-55, 200 
42, 800, 553 



100.0 
100. 
100. 
100. 



42.7 
40.0 
36.3 



100.0 
100. 
100. 
100.0 

61.7 
63.7 
63.0 
55.0 

38.3 
36.3 
37.0 
45.0 



100. 

loo.o 

100.0 
100. 



49.0 

36.5 
34.9 
40.1 



100.0 
100. 
100.0 
100. 



114.9 
107.9 
87.3 
89.2 



93.6 
86.5 
87.8 



100. 5 
95.5 
92.2 



197.9 
186.1 
171.9 
163.3 

192.5 

180. 5 
159. 2 
145.9 



933, 771, 000 
878, 843, 000 
699,131,492 
557, 604, 704 

490,401,000 
493, 459, 000 
425, 164, 492 
265, 946, 822 

443, 370, 000 
385, 384, 000 
273, 967. 000 
291.657,882 



2.818,026,000 
2, 358, 445, 000 
1, 533, 107, 307 
1, 397, 174, 496 

1, 652, 001, 000 

1, 462, 262, 000 

953, 681, 307 

744, 263, 875 

1,166,025,000 
886, 183, 000 
579, 426, 000 
652, 910, 621 



8, 148, 862, 000 
6, 145, 696, 000 

4, 235, 134, 923 
3, 413, 023, 360 

5, 061, 717, 000 
3, 961, 836, 000 

2, 528, 496, 923 
1, 618, 656, 140 

3, 087, 145, 000 
2, 183, 860, 000 
1, 706, 638, 000 
1, 794, 367, 220 



8, 371, 568, 000 
6, 424, 014, 000 
4, 136, 983, 706 

3, 044, 243, 145 

4, 826, 272, 000 
4, 090, 245, 000 

2, 046, 210, 706 
1, 179, 916, 374 

3, 545, 296, 000 
2, 333, 769, 000 
2, 090, 773, 000 
1, 864, 326, 771 



100. 
100. 
100. 
100.0 

59.9 
65.5 
61.3 
48.4 

40.1 
34.5 
38.7 
51.6 



100. 
100.0 
100.0 
100. 



47.5 
43.9 
39.2 
52.3 



100.0 
100.0 
100. 
100.0 



02.0 
62.2 
53.3 

41.4 

38.0 
37.8 
46.7 



100.0 
100. 
100. 
100.0 

62.1 

64.5 
59.7 
47.4 

37.9 

35.5 
40.3 
52.6 



100.0 
100. 
100.0 
100.0 

57.7 
63.7 
49.5 
38.8 



16,033 
10, 5S1 
0. 303 
4,960 

14, 373 
9, 755 
5, 616 
4,103 

19, 385 

12. 609 
8. 189 
6.170 



1 10. 79 
78.02 
51.18 
40.03 

106. 33 
75. 51 
49.16 
36.75 

118.20 
83.29 
54.77 
43.71 



1, 719, 920. 00O 
1,116,297.000 

2. 689, 787, 000 
i. 353, 376, 000 



11.88 

7.44 
6.52 



1, 719, 920, 000 

1. 110.207,000 

2, 689, 787, 000 
!, 353, 376, 000 



5, 191 

3. 485 
2. 007 
2. 023 



31.05 
23, 03 
18.04 

IS. 58 



14.300 
10, 120 
5, 259 
4, 788 



9.419 
4, o;y 
1. 201 



123.04 
93. 33 
59. 15 
52. 03 

113,37 
87.28 
56.51 
48.15 

137. 41 

102. 42 
03. 78 
56. 16 



1 10 00 
107. 4s 
65. 64 
59.10 



133,392,000 
111,724,000 
92, 389, 000 
118,431,000 



133,392,000 
111,724,000 
92, 389, 000 
118, 431, 000 



341, 605, 000 
276, 415, 000 
213, 951, 000 
273,681,000 



3.212 
1,977 
2,172 



13, 177 
9, 486 
5,308 
4,758 

16, 577 

11, 157 
6,414 
5,790 



16, 557 
10.030 
7,197 
5,041 



19, 170 

13,313 
8, 822 



18, 184 
13, 102 
7,641 
5,711 

20. 699 
13.098 
10.394 
7,749 



164. 71 
114.51 

78.06 

02. 05 



171 08 
110.03 
78.49 
64.70 



71.54 
51.32 
41.68 

94.48 
70.25 
48. 00 
39.14 

100. 31 
73.93 
55.04 
43.46 



341, 605, 000 
276, 415. 000 
213, 951, 000 
273, 618, 000 



863, 575, 000 
664. 465, 000 
574, 001, 000 
801, 972. 000 



863, 575, 000 
664, 465, 000 
574, 001, 000 
801, 972, 000 



971, 342, 000 
647, 868, 000 
763, 464, 000 
955, 720, 000 



971, 342, 000 
647, 868, 000 
763, 464, 000 
955, 720, 000 



2. 224 
1,343 
1,628 
2, 137 



40. 40 
34. 06 
24. 77 



12. 38 
10. 58 
14. 58 



35. 49 
20. 40 

28. 02 



11.24 
7.22 
9.47 

1.3.08 



27.48 
20.52 
20. 10 

22.28 



18 



FARM-MORTGAGE DEBT 



Table 2. — Number, Acreage, and Value of Farms Operated by Full Owners, by Mortgage Status, by Divisions and States: 

1940-56 — Continued 

(For 1956 and 1950, no data are Included for the District of Columbia; for 1945 and 1940, District of Columbia data are included with Maryland] 



Area and mortgage status 



Per- 
cent 
distri- 
bution 



Increase or 

decrease (— ) 

from preceding 

Census 



Land In farms 



Per- 
cent 

distri- 
bution 



Value of land and buildings 



Per- 
cent 
distri- 
bution 



Amount of mortgage debt 



Average debt 
(dollars) 


Per 
(arm 


Per 
acre 



South Atlantic 

All (arms -1956 

1950 
1945 



Free from debt- 



East South I 
All farms 



Free from debt. 



..1956 
1950 
1945 
1940 

..1956 
1950 
1945 
1940 



,1956 
1950 
1945 
1940 

.1956 

1950 

;1945 
1940 

^1956. 
1950. 
1945 

111 10 



West South i 
All farms 



Free from debl . 



Free from debt. 



.1956 
1950 

:1945 
1940 

.1956 
1950 
1945 
1940 

.1950 
1950 
1945 
1940 



.1956 
1950 
1945 
1940 

.1956 
1950 
1945 
1940 

.1956 
1950 

1945 

1940 



Free from debt.. 



,1956 
1950 
1945. 
1940 

_1956 
1950 
1945. 
1940 

.1956 

105' I 
1945 
1940 



497, 734 
546, 867 
583, 525 
519, 108 

309, 336 
434, 474 
464, 154 
363,887 

128, 398 
112,393 
119,371 
155, 221 



12S, 840 
478, 925 
498, 413 
447, 286 

319, 489 

382.070 
397, 4'.l.i 
296, 763 

109. 351 
96, 849 
100, 918 

150,523 



:;is, io2 

3X5,315 
127,118 
361, 290 

247, 182 
294,911 
316, 104 
232, 963 

101, 470 
90. 374 
110,954 

1 28, 333 



101,177 
112.155 
119,910 
128, 268 

57,239 
70, 235 
81,583 
73, 537 

43,938 
41,920 
3,8, 327 
54, 731 



178,843 
200, 187 
212,075 
190,222 

97,243 

123,570 
135,595 
95, 730 

81,600 
76,617 
76. 480 
94, 492 



100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 

74.2 
79.4 
79.5 
70.1 

25.8 
20.6 
20.5 
29.9 



74.5 
79.8 
79.8 



25.5 
20.2 
20.2 
33.7 



100.0 
100.0 
100. 
100.0 

70.9 

76.5 
74.0 



29.1 
23.5 
26.0 



100.0 

loo. o 

100.0 

56.6 
62.6 
68.0 
57.3 

43.4 
37.4 
32.0 
42.7 



100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 

54.4 
61.7 
63.9 
50.3 

45.6 
38.3 
36.1 
49.7 



-49, 133 
-36, 658 
64, 417 



-05, 138 
-29, 680 
100, 267 



16, 005 
-6,978 
-35, 850 



-50,085 

-19,488 

51,127 



-02, 587 
-15,419 

100,732 



-47, 759 

-21,223 
83. 201 



11,096 

-31.580 
-17,379 



-10.978 
-7, 75.5 
-8,358 



2.018 

3, 593 

-16,404 



-20,327 

-12,025 

39. 805 



-15.0 
-6.4 
27.6 



14.2 
-5.8 
-23.1 



-10.6 
-3.9 

11 4 



-16.4 
-3.9 
33.9 



12.9 
-4.0 
-33.0 



12.3 
-18.5 
-13.5 



-10.7 
-5.6 
11.5 



-21.3 
-8.9 
41.6 



54, 902, 152 
57, 857, 700 

55, 994, 721 
48, 236, 981 

38, 376, 031 
44, 450, 900 
41, 913, 621 
30, 935, 580 

16, 526, 121 

13, 406, 800 

14, 081, 100 

17, 301, 401 



44, 215, 678 
46, 107, 200 

45, 922, 083 
41,680,911 

31, 899, 177 

35. 845. 200 
34. 778. 3S3 
25, 418, 938 

12, 316, 501 

10,202,000 
11, 143, 700 
16, 267, 973 



69, 415, 418 
69, 847, 400 

76, 202, 330 
63, 442, 252 

43,413,057 
47, 257, 000 
49, 294, 836 
31,800,799 

26,002,361 
22, 589. 800 
26, 907, 500 
31,641.453 



42, 918, 253 
46, 069, 900 
40, 291, 587 
46, 259, 579 



28,830,300 
26, 597, 487 
28, 532, 893 

20, 018, 776 
17, 239, 600 
13, 694, 100 
17, 726, 686 



23, 099, 733 
24, 203, 200 
23, 899, 416 
20, 066, 024 

12,819.682 
14, 449, 100 
13,280,216 
9, 013, 278 

10, 280, 051 
9, 814, 100 
10,019,200 
11,052,746 



100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 



100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 



27.9 
22.3 
24.3 
39.0 



100.0 
100.0 
100.0 

100. 



37.5 
32.3 
35.3 



100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 

53.4 
62.6 
66.0 
61.7 

46.6 
37.4 
34.0 
38.3 



100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 

55.5 
59.6 
55.6 
44.9 

44.5 
40.4 
44.4 
55.1 



110.3 
105.8 
96.0 
92.9 



128.7 
119.3 
118.0 
111.5 



93.8 
87.5 
85.7 

112.6 

106. 
110.4 
10S. 1 



199.1 
181.3 
17S.4 



250. 
242.5 
246. 



400.1 
410.5 
320. 



455, 6 
411.2 
357.3 
323. 9 



129.2 
121.2 
112.7 
105.5 



126.0 
128.1 
138.8 
117.0 



6, 262, 662, 000 
4, 127, 363, 000 
2, 564, 662, 759 
1, 802, 607, 881 

4, 190, 123, 000 
3, 079, 520, 000 

1, 903, 872, 759 
1, 124, 938, 974 

2, 072, 539, 000 
1, 047, 843, 000 

600, 790, 000 
677, 668, 907 



3, 603, 901, 000 
2, 874, 309, 000 

1, 825, 086, 955 
1, 264, 186, 103 

2, 479, 438, 000 
2, 139, 266, 000 
1, 330. 6S4.'955 

738. 193, 427 

1, 124, 523, 000 
735, 043, 000 
494, 402, 000 
525. 992, 676 



5,178,661,000 
3,791,753,000 
2,412,385,512 
1,515,735,735 

3,146,985,000 

2, 567, 224. 000 

1, 508, 120, 512 

756, 592, 389 

2,031,676,000 

1,224,529,000 

904, 265, 000 

759.143,340 



2, 687, 467, 000 

1,935,130,000 

1,002,912,182 

692, 516, 50S 

1,330,025,000 

1, 127, 322, 000 

609, 067, 182 

284, 277, 210 

1,357,442,000 
807, 808, 000 
393, 845, 000 
408, 239, 298 



6,001,589,000 
4,15-1,539,000 
2, 697, 105, 940 
1, 610, 182, 324 

3, 204. 007, 000 

2, 495, 586, 000 

1, 635, 013, 940 

697, 326, 230 

2, 797, 582, 000 

1, 658, 953, 000 

1,062,092,000 

912, 856, 094 



100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 

66.9 
74.6 
74.2 
62.4 

33.1 

25.4 
25.8 
37.6 



100.0 
100. 
100. 
100.0 



25.6 
27.1 
41.6 



100. 
100. 
100.0 
100. 



32.3 

37.5 
50.1 



100.0 
100.0 
100. 

loo.o 



58.3 
60.7 
41.0 



100. 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 

53.4 

60.1 
60.6 
43.3 



7,547 
4, 395 
3,473 

11,345 
7,088 
4,102 
3,091 



8, 404 
6.002 
3,662 
2,826 

7,761 

5. 599 
3. 3 18 
2, 487 



14, 853 
9.841 
5,648 
4,195 

12, 731 
8,704 
4,770 
3,248 

20,022 

13,550 
S, 150 
5, 915 



20,502 
17,254 
8, 304 
5,399 

23,236 
16, 051 
7.466 

3. 800 



19, '.'70 
10,270 
7,459 



33, 558 
20, 753 
12, 718 



32,9 18 
20,190 
12, 058 
7,284 

34, 284 

21,053 
13.887 
9,601 



109. 19 
69.28 
45.42 
36.36 

125. 41 
78.16 
46.93 
39.17 



81.51 
62.34 
39. 74 
30.33 

77.73 
59.68 
38. 26 
29.04 

91.30 
71.63 
44.37 
32. 33 



74.60 
54.29 
31.66 

23.89 



78.13 
.54. 21 

33.61 

28. 99 



42. 00 
21.89 
14.97 

58.08 
39.10 
22.90 



259. 81 
171.23 
112.85 
80.24 

249. 93 
172. 72 
123.12 
77.37 

272. 14 
109. 04 

100.02 
82.59 



508, 481, 000 
279, 045, 000 
221, 331, 000 
241, 579, 000 



508, 481, 000 
279, 045, 000 
221. 331. 000 
241, 579, 000 



337, 465, 000 
205, 518, 000 
166, 353, 000 
200, 980, 000 



337, 465. 000 
205. 518, 000 
166, 353, 000 
200. 980, 000 



459,324,000 
282, 662, 000 
261,569,000 
278, 854, 000 



459, 324, 000 
282.662,000 
261,569,000 
278, 854, 000 



359, 047, 000 
214, 535, 000 
118, 717, 000 
158, 429, 000 



359, 047, 000 
214, 535, 000 
118, 717, 000 
158,429,000 



745, 689. 000 
434. 065, 000 
278,012.000 
323, 793, 000 



745,689,000 
434,065,000 
278, 012, 000 
323, 793, 000 



2,483 
1,854 
1,556 



8.080 
2, 122 
1,648 
1, 335 



4.527 
3,128 
2,357 
2,173 



8,172 
5,118 
3,097 

2, 895 



4,170 
2,168 
1,311 
1,702 



5.005 
3,635 
3.427 



9.26 

4.82 
3.95 
5.01 



30.77 
20.81 
15.72 
13.96 



4. 4fi 
3.62 

4.82 



27. 40 
20.03 
14. 93 
12.35 



8.37 
4.66 
2.95 
3.42 



17.94 
12. 44 
8.67 



32.28 
17.89 
11.63 
16.14 



72.54 
44.23 
26.18 
29.30 



FARM-MORTGAGE DEBT 



19 



Table 2. — Number, Acreage, and Value of Farms Operated by Full Owners, by Mortgage Status, by Divisions and States: 

1940-56 — Continued 

(For 1956 anU 1950, no data are Included for the District of Columbia; for 194.1 and 1940, District of Columbia data art- Included with Maryland! 



Area and mortgage status 



Increase or 

decrease (— ) 

from preceding 

Census 



I<and In farms 



Per- 
cent 
distri- 
bution 



Aver- 
age 
per 
farm 



Value of land and buildings 



Per- 
cent 
distri- 
bution 



Amount of mortgage debt 



NEW ENGLAND 
Maine 



Free from debt, 



.19.56-. 

1950- . 
1945.. 
1940.. 

Mortgaged -1956- 

1950- 
1945.. 
1940. - 

New Hampshire 

All farms.- ..1956.. 

1950.. 
1945. 
1940. . 

Free from debt 1956.. 

1950 

1945.. 

1940 

Mortgaged 1956 

1950.. 
1945. 
1940. - 



All farms ..1956. 

1950- 
1945. 
1940.. 



-1956.. 
1950.. 
1945.. 
1940- 



Massachusetts 
All farms 



1950-. 
1945- 
1940.. 



-1956- - 
1950. . 
1945- 
1940. . 



Rhode Island 

All farms 1956- 

1960- 
1945- . 
1940.. 

Free from debt 1956- 

1950.. 
1945- 
1940- 

Mortgaged 1956— 

1950- 
1945- 
1940.. 



1(1,99!) 
27, 180 
38, 73(1 
34.887 

13. 479 
19.371 
29, 020 
22.35S 

6,520 

7, 800 
9,710 

12, .',29 



8.352 
11.308 

16, HOC, 
14,018 



IS, 713 
11,348 
8,452 

3,483 
4,653 

5, 258 
6,196 



5.604 
8,220 
14, 805 
8,721 



14,019 
18,766 
33. 269 
27, 446 

7,505 
9,835 
17.S8S 
12, 570 

6. 514 
8, 031 
15, 381 
11, 876 



1,495 
1,997 
2, 745 



100.0 
100.0 
100. 
100.0 



100. 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 

58.3 
59.1 
68.3 
57.7 



100.0 
100.0 
1011. 
100.0 



51.7 
46.2 
36.5 
54.9 



100.0 
100.0 
100. 
100.0 



40.5 
47.6 
40.2 
54.2 



100.0 
100. 
100.0 
100. 



-7, 181 

-11,550 

3,849 



-1, 289 

-1, 901 
-2, 819 



-3,014 

-5,2411 
1, 958 



-3,671 

-8. 027 

3,958 



-1,055 
-1,442 
-2,126 



-4, 747 

-14,503 

5,823 



-2,380 
-8, 053 
5,31S 



-16.5 
-19.6 
-22.5 



-26.5 

-31.6 

li4 



-27.5 

-40.8 

34.3 



-25.1 
-11.6 
-15.1 



-24.0 

-31.5 
20.5 



-15.0 
-17.0 
-20.0 



-2.5. 3 
-43.0 
21.2 



-23.7 

-45.0 

42.3 



-25.1 

-27.2 
16.4 



-33.4 

-31.2 

29.5 



-12.2 
-20.2 
-1.6 



2, 884, 235 

3, 522, 400 

4, 005, 650 
3, 670, 855 

1, 903, 595 

2, 473, 000 
2, 904, 950 
2, 208, 553 

980, 640 
1,049,400 
1, 160, 700 
1,462,302 



983, 287 
1,264,800 
1,616,340 
1,484,240 

5S8, 989 

752, 500 

1, 101, 540 

862, 252 

394, 298 
512, 300 
514, 800 
621, 9S8 



2, 096, 691 

2, 578, 400 

3. 260. 354 



870. 085 
1,291,300 
1,848,554 
1, 106, 688 

1,226,506 
1, 287, 100 
l,411,SO0 
1, 700, 008 



894, 650 
1,159,300 
1.650,326 
1.489,470 



003. ,-10,1 
885, 920 
697, 202 

375, 753 

556,000 
764, 400 
792. 268 



97.410 
121,700 
1 OS, 094 
156, 400 

63,219 
77,200 
119,694 
99, 631 

34, 191 

44,600 
-19,000 
50, 769 



100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 

60.0 
70.2 
71.5 
60.2 



100.0 

100. 
100.0 

ioo. o 

59.9 
59.5 
68.2 
58.1 

40.1 
40.5 
31.8 
41.9 



100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 

41.5 
50.1 
56.7 
39.4 



100. 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 



42.0 
48.0 
46.3 
53.2 



100.0 
100.0 
100. 
100.0 

64.9 

63.4 
71.0 
63.7 

35.1 
30.6 
29.0 
36.3 



144. 2 
129. 
105. 
105. 2 



117.7 
111.3 
97. 3 
101.3 

121.0 
112. 1 
97.1 
102.0 

113.2 

110.1 
97.9 
100. 4 



155 3 
157.1 
124. 9 

12o. 9 



61.8 
49.6 
54.3 



61.3 
49.5 
55.5 



61.0 
61.4 
66.3 

78.0 
63.5 
67.7 
73.0 



194, 120, 000 
184,972,000 
138, 559. 126 
107, 168, 115 

120, 549, 000 
120,213,000 
94,488,126 

57, 575, 150 

73, 571, 000 

58, 759, 000 
44, 071, 000 
49, 592, 965 



85, 224, 000 
92, 879, 000 
63, 269, 204 
50, 974, 359 

41,930,000 
51,575,000 
41,827,264 
27. 836, 852 

43,294,000 
41,304,000 
21,442,000 
23, 137, 607 



139,291,000 
143,418,000 
109, 933. 459 
85, 278, 728 

58, 084, 000 
73.343,000 
64,163.459 
34, 658, 891 

81.207,000 
70, 075, 000 
45, 770, 000 
50,619,837 



259, 039, 000 
231.152,000 
199,577,381 
159,081,936 

132,628,000 
116,112,000 
107,294.381 
71,697,116 

126,411,000 
115,040,000 
92,283,000 
87, 384, 820 



37.161.000 
27. 284 000 

20, S80, 485 
10, 897, 821 

IS, 766 000 
16,110,000 
13. 708. 485 
9, 485, 235 

18, 395. 000 
11,174,000 
7,178,000 
7,412,586 



100. 
100.0 
100.0 
100. 



31.8 
31.8 
46.3 



100. 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 

49.2 

55.5 
66.1 
54.6 

50.8 
44.5 
33.9 
45.4 



100. 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 

41.7 
51.1 
58.4 
40.6 

58.3 
48.9 
41.6 
59.4 



100. 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 

51.2 
50.2 
53.8 
45.1 

48.8 
49.8 
46.2 
.54.9 



lon.o 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 

50.5 
59.0 
65.0 
56.1 

49.5 
41.0 
34.4 
43.9 



0, 805 
3,577 
3,072 

8,943 
6,516 
3, 255 
2,575 

11,284 
7,525 
4.539 
3, 958 



10.201 
8,172 
3, 810 
3,480 

8,812 

7,683 
3,0X0 
3.294 



12.000 
9,390 
4.71S 
4,409 

10, 365 
8,923 
4,334 
3,974 



17,672 
11.800 
5, 998 
5,704 



03. 83 
51.04 
32.53 
26.07 



26. 854 
14,320 
7,347 
7,465 



80. 67 
73.44 
39.14 
34.34 

71.19 

68.54 
37. 97 
32.28 

109. 80 
80.62 
41.65 
37.20 



oo. it 

55.62 
33.72 
30.38 

66.76 
56. 80 
34.71 
31.32 



2S0. 54 
199.39 
120.93 
106.80 

255. 60 
192.46 
121.11 

102.8! 



381.49 
224. 19 

123.81 



538. 01 
251. 10 
140.49 
130. 57 



23, 690, 000 
10,723,000 
14, 808, 000 
21, 825, 000 



8.21 
4.75 
3.64 
5.94 



23, 090, 000 
16, 723, 000 
14,808,000 
21,825,000 



14,720,000 
12,989,0011 
7, 998, 000 
9, 248, 000 



3, 033 
2,142 
1. 525 
1,742 



24.10 
15.94 
12.70 
14.93 



14.97 
10.27 
11.95 
6.23 



14, 720. 000 
12. 989, 000 
7, 998, 000 
9, 248, 000 



26, 798. 000 
24,754,000 
18, 766, 000 
21,714,000 



4,220 
2, 792 
1,521 
1,492 



37. 83 
25.35 
15.54 
14.87 



26, 758, 000 
24, 754, 000 
18, 766, 000 
21,714,000 



35, 395. 0O0 
32, 398, 000 
30, 084, 000 
30, 368, 000 



21.85 
19.23 
13.29 
12.77 



89. 50 
27.95 
18.23 
24. 12 



35, 395, 000 
32,898,000 

30,081,000 
36,368,1100 



4, 249, 000 

2,9.19.000 
2, 146, 000 
2,850,000 



4, 249, 000 
2,999.000 
2, 140, 000 
2. 8.50, 000 



94. 20 
58.27 
39. 36 
45. 90 



0, 203 
3,845 
2,197 
2,870 



124.27 
67.39 
43.80 
50.20 



412864—97— 



20 



FARM-MORTGAGE DEBT 



Table 2. — Number, Acreage, and Value of Farms Operated by Full Owners, by Mortgage Status, by Divisions and States: 

1940-56 — Continued 

[For 1956 and 1850, no data are Included for the District of Columbia; for 1945 and 1940, District of Columbia data are included with Maryland] 



Area and mortgage status 



NEW ENGLAND— Con. 

Connecticut 

All farms --.1956- 

1950. 
1945. 
1940- 

Free from debt 1956- 

1950- 
1945- 
1940. 

Mortgaged 1956. 

1950- 
1945- 
1940- 

MIDDLE ATLANTIC 

New York 

All farms 1956- 

1950- 
1945 



Free from debt 



Mortgaged. 



Pennsylvania 
All farms -- 



Free from debt. 



1900 
1945. 
1940. 

-1956 

1950 
1948- 
1940. 



-1956. 
1950 
1945. 
1940. 

.1956 
1950. 
1945. 
1940. 

-1956- 
1950 
1945. 
1940. 



.1956. 

1950. 
1945 
1940. 

1956. 
1950. 
1945 
1940. 

-1956. 
1950. 
1945 
1940- 



EAST NORTH CEN' 

Ohio 
All farms 

Free from debt 



wo. 

1950. 
1945. 
1940. 

-1956. 
1950. 
1945. 
1940. 

.1956. 
1950- 
1945. 
1940- 



9,422 
12, 263 
18,287 
17, 778 



7.031 
11,367 
8,463 

4,042 
5,232 
6.920 
9,315 



78. 547 
97, 576 
116.070 
117,972 

46,814 
60, 040 
71.854 
61, 806 



17, 713 
19. 557 
19, 759 
19,448 

9.636 
11,518 
11,304 

9,234 



99, 451 
117,339 
134, 172 
131, 779 



30, 531 
34, 748 
37. 609 



116,788 
134.969 
140. 331 
150, 124 

77, 314 
92, 802 
104.019 
89, 751 

39, 474 
42, 167 
41,812 
60,373 



Per- 
cent 
distri- 
bution 



ino.o 

100. o 
100.0 
100.0 

57.1 
57.3 
62.2 
47.8 



100.0 
100. 
100.0 
100.0 



61.5 
61.9 
52.4 

40.4 
33.5 
38.! 
47.6 



100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 

54.4 
58.9 
57.2 
47.5 

45.6 
41.1 
42.8 
52.5 



100. 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 



70.4 
71.9 

64.8 



100. 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 



31.2 
28.6 

40.2 



Increase or 

decrease (— ) 

from preceding 

Census 



-1, 651 
- 1. 333 
2,904 



-13,226 
-11.814 
10. 048 



-5, 803 
-6,6" 
-11,950 



-17,888 

-16,833 

2,393 



-13,671 
-13,912 
11, 109 



-4,217 
-2, 921 
-8, 716 



-18, 181 
-11,362 
-3, 793 



-15,4*8 
-11,717 
14,708 



-22.0 
-16.4 
16.3 



-15.5 
-15.1 
-21.3 



-16.7 
-11.2 

16.5 



596, 172 

770, 200 

1, 057, 884 

1, 108, 565 

380, 954 
450. 700 
663, 384 
548, 460 

215, 218 
313, 500 
384, 500 
560, 105 



9. 490, 394 
10.928,600 

11.872.320 
12, 008, 289 

5, 343, 092 

6, 505. 300 
0, 9S6. 720 
5, 905, 528 

4, 147. 302 
4, 421, 300 
4. 885, 600 
6, 102, 761 



926. 013 
1, 007. 900 
1,051,479 
1, 213, 239 

552, 830 
593. .800 
570, 379 
563, 555 

373. 183 
414, 100 
481, 100 
649, 684 



10, 008. 800 
10, 433, 742 
10, 419, 297 

5, 962, 202 
6, 869. 200 
7, 183, 342 
6, 534, 075 

2,831,606 
3, 139, 600 
3, 270, 400 
3, S85, 222 



9,875.423 
10. 886. 000 
11, 339, 734 
11, 669, 931 

6,725.103 
7. 578, 900 
8, 037, 134 
6, 970, 101 

3, 150, 260 
3. 307. 100 
3. 302, 000 



Value of land and buildings 



Per- 
cent 
distri- 
bution 



100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 

63.9 
59.3 
62.7 
49.5 

36.1 
40.7 
37.3 
50.5 



100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 

56.3 
59.5 
5S.8 
49.2 

43.7 
40.5 
41.2 



100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 

59.7 

58.9 
64.2 
40.5 

40.3 

41.1 
45.8 
63.5 



100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 



32.2 
31.4 
31.3 
37.3 



100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 



30.4 
29.1 
40.3 



114.1 
10S.4 
97.2 
95.5 



52.3 

51.5 
53.2 
62.4 



83.2 
74.2 
76.5 



87.0 
81.7 
76.9 
77.7 



218, 936, 000 
199, 13S, 000 
166. 905. 777 
138, 203, 745 

118, 444, 000 
110. 106, 000 
103. 682, 777 
64, 693, 578 

100,492.000 
89, 032. 009 
63, 223, 000 
73, 510, 167 



1, 130, 866, 000 
9S8. 359. 000 
687, 545, 315 
649, 888, 637 



580,112,000 
401, 591, 315 
316, 101, 163 

499. 843, 000 
408, 247. 000 
285. 954, 000 
333, 787, 524 



486. 994. 000 
345. 773. 000 
176,112,928 
151, 998, 750 

244, 471, 000 
188, 453, 000 
92, 929, 923 
67, 301. 031 

242, 523, 000 
157. 320, 000 
83, 183. 000 
84, 697, 719 



1, 200, 166, 000 

1,024,313.000 

659. 449, 0G4 

695, 2S7, 059 

776, 507, 000 
693, 697, 000 
459, 160, 064 
360,861,681 

423, 659, 000 
330, 616. 000 
210, 239, 000 
234, 425, 378 



1,961.997.000 

1,431,163.000 

932. 076, 369 

776, 002, 855 

1, 238. 020, 000 
966, 401. 000 
650. 236. 369 
434, 170. 107 

723. 977, 000 
464, 762, 000 
281, 840, 000 
341, 832, 748 



Per- 
cent 
distri- 
bution 



100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 

54.1 
55.3 
62.1 
46.3 

45.9 
44.7 
37.9 
53.2 



100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 

55.8 
58.7 
58.4 
48.6 

44.2 

41.3 
41.6 
51.4 



100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 

50.2 
54.5 
52.8 
44.3 



100.0 
100.0 
100. 
100.0 

64.7 

67.7 
68.6 



35.3 
32.3 
31.4 
39.4 



100.0 
100. 
100.0 
100.0 



32.5 
30.2 
44.1 



23. 237 
16.239 
9,127 
7,774 

22. 016 
15, 060 
9,121 
7,644 

24,862 
17,017 
9,136 
7,892 



14,397 
10.129 
5,924 
6. 509 



15. 752 
10,876 
6,467 
5,943 



27. 494 
17. 6S0 
8,913 
7,816 

25, 371 

16.362 
8, 221 



13,8 
9,515 
5,583 
5,054 



16,800 
10.604 
6,370 
5,169 

16.013 
10, 414 
6.221 
4,837 



367 24 
258. 55 
157. 77 
124. 67 

310. 91 
241. 09 
156. 29 
117.95 

460. 93 
283.99 
161. 26 

131. 21 



119.16 
90.45 
57.91 
64.12 



120 52 
92.34 
58.53 
54.69 



442.22 
317.37 
162. 93 
119. 42 

649.88 
379. 91 
172.90 
130. 37 



136. 48 
102. 34 
64.16 



130. 24 
100. 99 
64.10 
55.23 

149. 62 
105. 31 
64.30 
60.34 



198.67 
131.47 
82.20 
66.50 



229.81 
140. 53 
85.34 
72.73 



Amount of mortgage debt 



28, 540. 000 
21, 861, 000 
18, 5S7, 000 
26, 426, 000 



28, 540, 000 
21,861,000 
18, 537, 000 
26, 426, 000 



151,452,000 
125.456.000 
104, 659. 000 
138, 862, 000 



151, 452. 000 
125, 456. 000 
104.659,000 
138, 862, 000 



63. 056. 000 
42.621,000 
27, 700, 000 
35, 066, 000 



63. 056, 000 
42, 621. 000 
27, 700. 000 
35, 066, 000 



127, 097. 000 
108, 338. 000 
81. 592, 000 
99, 690, 000 



127, 097, 000 
108, 338, 000 
81,592,000 
99, 690, 000 



195,474,000 
140.921,000 
97, 798, 000 
142, 669, 000 



3,02: 
1,783 
1.016 
1,486 



4,178 

2.635 
2,837 



47.87 
28.38 
17.57 
23.84 



132. 01 
69.73 
47.12 
47.18 



4.773 
3.312 
2,367 
2,472 



3.560 
2,179 
1,402 



7,807 
5,302 
3,276 
3,433 



4,163 
3,118 
2,166 
2,149 



36.52 
28.38 
21.42 
22.75 



68.09 
42.29 
26. 34 



168. 97 

102. 92 
57.58 
53.97 



44.89 
34. 51 
24.95 
25.66 



4. 952 
3.342 
2,339 
2,363 



FARM-MORTGAGE DEBT 



21 



Table 2. — Number, Acreage, and Value of Farms Operated by Full Owners, by Mortgage Status, by Divisions and States: 

1940-56— Continued 

(For 10M and I960, no data are included for the District of Columbia; for 1945 and lfltn, District of Columbia dafa in [ocludj -.i with Maryland] 



Area and mortgage status 



Indiana 

All farms 1956. 

1950- 
1945. 
1940. 

Free from debt 1956. 

1950. 
1945 
1940. 

Mortgaged 1956- 

1950. 
1945. 
1940. 



Ul farms 1956. 

1950. 
1945. 
1940- 

Free from debt 1956. 

1950. 
1945.. 
1940. 

Mortgaged 1956. 

1950.. 

1945. 

1940.. 

Michigan 

LU farms 1956— 

1950- 
1945- 
1940. . 

Free from debt... 1956-. 

1950- 
1945.. 
1940- 

Mortgaged 1956— 

1950. 
1945. 
1940. 



AU farms-... 1956.. 

1950.. 
1945.. 
1940.. 

Free from debt... 1956— 

1950- 
1945- 
1940.. 

Mortgaged 1956— 

1950.. 
1945.. 
1940- 

WEST NORTH CENTRAL 

Minnesota 



Free from debt. 



Mortgaged . 



.1956.. 
1950.. 
1945.. 
1940.. 

.1956-. 
1950- 
1945 
1940- 



1 06,365 

108, 1911 
107,818 



34, 473 
37. 562 
40, 403 
52, 091 



75, 040 
87,234 
87, 527 
87,004 

54,385 
04, 330 
64,140 
51, 325 

21,255 

22, 898 
23.387 
35,679 



99. 027 
113,914 
120,5x9 
133, 545 

65, 160 
77, 168 
79, 486 
70, 672 

33, 867 
36, 716 
47, 103 
02, 873 



59. 970 
09, 350 
59, 577 
51, 087 

46, 548 
51,417 
60,211 



96, 758 
106, 4S7 
103, 363 
103, 866 

54, 959 
65. 021 
54, 020 
47, 175 



Per- 
cent 
distri- 
bution 



100. 
100.0 

loo. o 

100.0 

63.4 
64.4 
62.7 
51.1 

36 6 
35.6 
37.3 



100. 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 



73.8 
73.3 
69.0 

2S. 1 
26.2 
26.7 
41.0 



100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 



34.2 
32.3 
37.2 
47.1 



100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 

56.3 
57.4 
49.7 
40.4 

43.7 
42.6 
50.3 
59.6 



100.0 
100. 
100.0 
100.0 

66.8 
B1.6 
52.8 
45.4 

43.2 

38.4 
47.2 
54.6 



Increase or 

decrease (— ) 

from preceding 

Census 



-3,089 
-2. 841 

-12,288 



-1,643 

-489 

-12, 292 



-14, 887 
-12,675 
-6, 956 



-12.008 

-2,318 

8,814 



-2,879 
-10.357 
-15,770 



-14, 255 

985 

-6,813 



-9, 729 
3,124 
-503 



-10,662 

11,001 

7,445 



-11.9 
(z) 
23.0 



-13.1 

-10.0 
-5.2 



-13.5 
16.4 
1G.6 



-10.2 
20.1 
15.8 



8,618, lino 
8,897,617 
8, 949, 460 

4, 934, 902 

5, 392, 500 
5. 152, 917 
4,268,815 

3, 050, 376 
3. 226. 100 
3, 744, 700 

■t, 680, 615 



8, 385, 496 
8, 748, 000 
8, 928, 706 
9, 136, 105 

5, 903, 389 

6, 256, 600 
5,921,006 
4, 810, 937 

2, 482, 107 

2, 491, 400 

3, 007, 700 

4, 325, 168 



9, 456, 212 
10, 440, 400 
10, 868. 415 
11,170,215 

6, 222, 187 
7, 132, 800 
6, 628, 015 
5, 813, 421 

3, 234, 025 

3, 307. 000 

4, 239, 800 

5, 356, 794 



13,770.665 
14, 978, 700 
14, 217, 080 
14, 078, 747 

7, 042, 719 

5, 585, S00 

6, 769, ISO 
5, 406, 752 

6,127.946 
0,392,6110 

7, 448, 500 

8, 671, 996 



15, 452, 508 
16, 175, 500 
14, 387, 533 
13, 495, 563 

8, ISO, 829 

9, 545, 100 
0, 789, 233 

5, 447, 176 

7, 262, 679 

6, 630, 400 

7, 598, 360 
8, 048, 387 



Per- 
cent 
distri- 
bution 



1011.0 
100. 
100.0 
100.0 



38.2 
37.4 
42.1 
52 3 



10(1. 
100.0 
100. 

ioo.o 

70.4 
71.5 
66.3 
52.7 



28.5 
33.7 
47.3 



100.0 
100.0 
100. 
100. 



34.2 
31.7 
39.0 
48.0 



100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 



44.5 
42.7 
52.4 
61.6 



100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 

53.0 
59.0 
47.2 
40.4 

47.0 
41.0 
52.8 
59.6 



82.6 
79.5 
76.0 



110.9 
100.3 
102.0 
105. 



97.2 
92.3 
93.7 



95.5 
91.7 
85.9 



95.5 
90.0 
90.0 
85.2 



129.3 
124.0 
118.7 
lit. 2 



12:;. 8 

113.6 
105. 8 

131.6 
124.3 
123.7 
114.8 



159.7 
151.9 
139.2 
129.9 

149.0 
145.5 
121.3 



173.8 
162.2 
155.9 
142.0 



Value of land and buildings 



1,601,919,000 

1, 072, 323, 000 

775, 963, 727 

665, 488, 890 

980, 374, 000 
674,211,000 
450, 024, 727 
260, 568, 537 

621,545,000 
398,112,000 
325, 939. 000 
304, 920, 353 



1,731,936,000 

1,328,157,000 

969, 675, 322 

734, 466, 452 

1, 156, 933, 000 
920, 238, 000 
598, 517, 322 
349, 959, 087 

575, 003, 000 
407,919,000 
371, 058, 000 
384, 607, 365 



1, 380, 318, 000 

1, 026, 599, 000 

710, 029, 806 

579, 823. 740 

877, 882, 000 
679, 355, 000 
437,110,806 
294, 417, 766 

502, 436, 000 
347, 244, 000 
272, 919, 000 
285, 405. 974 



1, 472, 692, 000 

1,287,454,000 

847, 489, 699 

757,241,423 

80S, 608, 000 
721, 631, 000 
392, 607, 699 
279, 540, 643 

664, 184, 000 
565, 823, 000 
454, 882, 000 
477, 700, 780 



1,779, 19S, 000 

1, 301, 648, 000 

820, 846. 142 

655, 675, 822 

962, 546, 000 
768. 214, 000 
373, 080, 142 
253, 866, 641 

810, 662, 000 
633, 434, 000 
447, 766, 000 
401, 809, 181 



Per- 
cent 
distri- 
bution 



100.0 
100.0 
100. 
100.0 



67 1 
42.0 
53.9 



100.0 
100.0 
100.0 

ioo.o 



69.3 
61.7 
47.6 



ioo.o 

100.0 
100.0 
100.0 



100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 



50.0 
46.3 
36.9 

45.1 
44.0 
53.7 
03.1 



100. 6 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 

54.1 
59.0 
45.5 
38.7 

45.9 
41.0 
54.5 
61.3 



17. 60S 
10.177 
7,172 
5,245 

16.418 
9, 944 
6, 038 
4. 727 



22,897 
15,225 
11,077 
8,442 

21, 273 
14,304 
9.331 
6,818 

27, 053 
17,815 
15,866 
10,777 



13, 939 
9,012 
5,609 
4,342 



13. 820 
10, '.60 
7. 075 



13. }'.2 
10. 405 
6, 590 
5. 472 



IS, 3S8 
12. 224 
7,941 
6,313 

17, 514 
11,707 
6, S30 
5,381 



2(10.61 
121.42 
87.21 
63. 19 



263. 76 
123. 40 
87.04 
65. 14 



211b. 5 ! 
151.82 

108. 59 



195. 96 

147.08 
101. 08 
72.74 

231.66 
163. 73 
123. 37 



141.09 
95.24 
05. 94 
50.64 

155. 35 

101.9.8 
04.37 
53.28 



85. 95 
69. 61 
53.79 

105. 79 
84, 05 
58. 00 
51.70 

108. 39 
88. 51 
61. 07 
55. 09 



115.14 
80.47 

57. 05 
48.58 

117.53 
80.48 
54. 95 
46.61 

112.45 
80.45 

58. 93 
49.92 



Amount of mortgage debt 



Average debt 
(dollars) 


Per 
farm 


Per 
acre 



value 
(per- 
cent.) 



146,685,000 

10 1. 729,000 
87, 352, 000 

I16., 100, 1106 



148.635,000 
104, 729. 000 
87, 362, 000 
110.166,000 



133, 001, 000 
107,515,000 
10.5. 009, 000 
163, 898, 000 



138,001,000 
107, 515, 000 
105, 009, 000 
163, SOS, 000 



137,607,000 
108, 190, 000 
92, 792, 000 
117,401,000 



137, 667, 000 
108,190,000 
02, 702, 000 
117,401,000 



245, 748, 000 
203,110,000 
191, 050, 000 
261,838,000 



245, 748, 000 
203,110,000 
191,060,000 
201,838,000 



249, 079, 000 
165,101,000 
170,699.000 
205. 833, 600 



1.557 
994 

867 
1. 077 



4, 255 
2. 7gg 
2, 162 

2, 265 



1.S24 
1, 232 
1,200 

1,884 



6, 493 
4,095 
4, 490 

4,594 



4, 065 
2,944 
1,970 
1,867 



2. 307 
1,682 
1,595 

2.008 



5. 279 
3, 956 
3,173 
3,467 



2,574 
1,550 
1, 660 
1.991 



249, 079, 000 
165, 101, 000 
170, 599, 000 
205, 833, 000 



5,959 
4, 040 
3, 500 
3,631 



18 111) 
32. 40 
23 33 
24. 82 



16.46 

12.29 
11.76 
17. 94 



65. 60 
43.15 
34. 91 
37.89 



14.56 
10. 36 
8.54 
10.51 



42.57 
32.71 
21.89 
21.92 



17.85 
13.60 
13.44 

IS. 60 



40.10 
31.77 
25.65 
30. 19 



16.12 
10.21 
11.86 

15.25 



z 0.05 percent or less. 



22 



FARM-MORTGAGE DEBT 



Table 2. — Number, Acreage, and Value of Farms Operated by Full Owners, by Mortgage Status, by Divisions and States: 

:'■■'■■ . ■ *gi$8&®m^tiffi$ffitiLl940-56— Continued 

[For 1956 and 1950, no data are included for the District of Columbia; for 1945 and 1940, District of Columbia data are included with Maryland] 



Area and mortgage status 



Per- 
cent 
distri- 
bution 



Increase or 

decrease (— ) 

from preceding 

Census 



Land in farms 



Per- 
cent 
distri- 
bution 



Value of land and buildings 



cent 

distri- 
bution 



Average value 
(dollars) 



Amount of mortgage debt 



AH farms 1956. 

1950- 
1945- 
1940. 

Free from debt 1956- 

1950. 
1945.. 
1940 

Mortgaged 1956.. 

1950. 

1945- 

1940 



AU farms 1958- 

1950- 
1945- 
1940- 

Free from debt 1956.. 

1950- 
1945- 
1940- 

Mortgaged 1956— 

1950- 
1945.. 
1940- 

North Dakota 

All farms 1956— 

1950. 
1945. 
1940. 

Free from debt 1956. 

1950. 
1945. 
1940- 

Mortgaged 1956- 

1950- 

1945 

1940 

South Dakota 

All farms. 1956. 

1950- 

1945. 

1940- 



-1056. 
1950. 
1946. 
1940- 



ms 1956 

1950- 

1945. 

1940- 

> from debt 1956. 

1950. 
1945. 
1940- 



Mortgaged. 



1950. 
1945. . 
1940.- 



87, 984 
94,833 
94,673 
88,206 


100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 


48,215 
58, 475 
45, 592 
34,015 


64.8 
61.7 
48.2 
38.6 


39, 769 
36, 358 
48, 981 
54,191 


45.2 
38.3 
51.8 
61.4 


12S, 124 
146. 427 
145, 426 
133, 927 


100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 


83, 793 
96,889 
92, 255 
70, 745 


65.4 
66.2 
63.4 
52.8 


44,331 

49,638 
63,171 
63,182 


34.6 
33.8 
36.6 
47.2 


23,467 
25,483 
22,160 
18, 651 


100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 


14, 643 
16, 675 
12,287 
7,056 


62.4 
65.4 
55.4 
37.8 


8,824 
8,808 
9,873 
11, 595 


37.6 
34.6 
44.6 
62.2 


19, 714 
20,697 
17,329 
15,053 


100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100 


11, 947 
13, 593 
9,123 
6,914 


60.6 
65.7 
52.6 
45.9 


7,767 
7,104 
8,206 
8,139 


39.4 
34.3 
47.4 
54.1 


35, 141 
37, 939 
33.622 
35,064 


ioo.o 

100.0 
100 
100.0 


21,823 
25,341 
19, 195 
14, 882 


62.1 
66.8 
67.1 
42.4 


13, 318 
12, 598 
14,427 
20,182 


37.9 
33.2 
42.9 
67.6 



-10,260 
12,883 
11, 577 



3,411 
-12,623 
-5, 210 



-18, 303 
1,001 
11, 499 



-13,096 
4,634 
21, 510 



-5, 207 
-3, 633 
-10,011 



-2,016 
3,323 
3,509 



-1,646 
4,470 
2,209 



-3,518 
6,146 
4,313 



-12.2 
35. 7 

74.1 



-12.1 
49.0 
31.9 



-13.9 
32.0 
29.0 



12,019,329 
12, 431, 500 
12,534,980 
11,607,296 

6, 117, 838 
7, 234, 100 

5, 045, 280 
3, 842, 973 

6, 901, 491 
5, 197. 400 

7, 489, 700 
7, 764, 323 



17, 79b, 873 
19, 043, 900 
18,101,688 
16, 083, 322 

11, 852, 717 
13, 249, 000 
10,801,388 
8, 254, 351 

5, 944, 156 

6, 794, 900 

7, 300, 300 
7, 828, 971 



11, 480, 569 
11,852,400 

8, 8S6, 850 



7,140,914 
7, 902, 7(10 
4, 727. 950 
2, 299, 174 

4, 339, 655 
3, 889, 700 
4, 158, 900 
4, 230, 491 



7.522, 1112 
7,551,300 
5. 091. 333 
4, 012, 130 

4, 325, 209 

4, 879, SIX) 
2, 55.8. .-.27 
1,787,015 

3, 196, 893 
2, 671, 500 
2, 532, 806 
2,225,115 



11.990,993 
12,400,5110 
10, 044, 431 
10, 281, 759 

7, 002, 740 
7, 948, 300 
5,410.931 
3, 692, 949 

4, 988, 253 
4, 458. 200 
6, 233, 500 
6,588,810 



100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 

50.9 
58.2 
40.2 
33.1 



41.8 
59.8 
66.9 



100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 



33.4 
30.4 
40.3 



100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 

62.2 
67.2 
53.2 
35.2 



1(111 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 

57.5 
64.6 
50.3 
44.5 

42.5 

35.4 
49.7 
55.5 



100.0 
100. 
100.0 
100.0 



41.6 
35.9 
49.2 



136.6 
131.1 
132.5 
131.6 

126.9 
123.7 
110.7 
113.0 

148.4 
143.0 
152.9 
143.3 



138.9 
130.1 
124.5 
120.1 



136.7 
117.1 
116.7 

134.1 

117.0 
137.3 
123.9 



465.1 
401.0 
350.1 



491.8 
441.6 
421.2 

304.9 



381.6 
364.9 
293.8 
266.5 



341.2 
327.0 
316.6 
293.2 

320.9 
313.7 
281.9 
248.1 



2, 435, 800. 000 

1, 888, 717, 000 

1, 331, 525, 329 

981, 300, 643 

1, 264, ISO, 000 

1, 128, 437, 000 

541, 891. 329 

318, 713, 767 

1,171,620,000 
760, 280, 000 
789, 634, 000 
662, 586, 876 



1, 422, 545, 000 

1,114,741,000 

738, 493, 447 

506, 379, 892 

903,316,000 
751, 692, 000 
421, 297, 447 
254, 790, 247 

519, 229, 000 
363. 049, 000 
317,196,000 
251,689,645 



494, 212, 000 
385, 232, 000 
189. 204, 339 
119,919,247 

314, 319, 000 
263, 248, 000 
98, 498, 339 
40, 418, 226 

179, 893. 000 
121, 984, 000 
90, 706, 000 
79,601,021 



426, 746, 000 
319. 042, 000 
155, 711, 021 
93, 926, 404 

258, 60S, 000 
207. 395, 000 
74, 104, 921 
35, 043, 517 

168. 138. 000 
111,647.000 
81.607,000 
5S, 882, 887 



918, 275, 000 
703. 079, 000 
403, 302, 045 
303, 498, 787 

53S, 109, 000 
457, 321, 000 
211,203,045 
109, 555, 732 

380, 166, 000 
245, 758. 000 
197, 094, 000 
193, 943, 055 



100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 

51.9 

59.8 
40.7 
32.5 



40.2 
59.3 
67.5 



100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 

63.5 
67.4 
57.0 
50.3 

35.5 
32.6 
43.0 



100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 



100.0 
100.0 
100. 
100.0 



100.0 
100. 

li in. o 
100. 



65.0 
51.7 
36.1 

41.4 
35.0 
48.3 



27, 085 
19, 916 
14, 079 
11,125 

26, 220 
19, 298 
11,886 
9,370 

29, 461 
20.911 
16, 121 

1 2. 227 



11, 103 
7,613 
5,078 
3,781 

10, 780 
7,758 

4, 567 
3,602 

11,713 

7, 329 

5. 966 
3,892 



21,405 
13.787 
8,016 
5,728 

20, 3S7 
13.819 
9,187 



21,647 
15.415 
S.986 
6, 2-10 



21, 64S 
la, 716 
9,945 
7,235 



20. r-ii 

18, 532 

12, 144 
8,656 

24, 658 

18. 017 
11, 003 

7,362 

28.545 

19, 508 

13, 661 
9,610 



202. 66 
151.93 
1110.22 
84.54 

206.64 
155.99 
107. 41 
82.93 

198. 53 
146.28 
105. 43 
S5.34 



79.93 

58.54 
40. SO 
31.48 

76.21 
56.74 
39.00 
30.87 

37.35 
62. 65 
43.45 
32.14 



43.05 
32.50 
21.29 
18.37 

44.02 
33.08 
20.83 
17.58 

41.45 
31.33 
21. SI 

18.79 



56. 73 
42.25 
30.58 
23.41 

59.79 
42.50 
28.06 
19.61 

52.59 
41.79 
32.22 
26.46 



76. 58 
56.67 
38.36 
29.52 



76.21 
65.12 
37.66 
29.44 



317, 509, 000 
213,054,000 
286, 637, 000 
347, 765, 000 



317,509,000 
213.054,000 
286, 637, 000 
347, 765, 000 



149, 53S, 000 
97, 282, 000 
119, 900, 000 
121,029,000 



5,860 
5,852 
6,417 



149, 538. 000 
97, 282, 000 
119.900,000 
121,029,000 



43, 534. 000 
29, 153, 000 
32, 920. 000 
43, 166, 000 



43, 534, 000 
29, 153, 000 
32, 926, 000 
43, 166, 000 



43,211,000 
29. 935. 000 
31, 174. 000 
33, 560, 000 



43,211,000 
29. 935. 000 
31. 174. 000 
33, 560, 000 



92. 000. 000 
62, 257, 000 
68. 194, 000 
109, 226, 000 



92, 000, 000 
62, 257, 000 
68. 194. 000 
109, 226, 000 



3.373 
1,964 
2,255 
1,916 



4,934 
3.310 
3.335 
3,723 



5.563 
4,214 
3,799 
4,123 



2.618 
1,641 
2.028 
3,115 



4,942 
4,727 
6,412 



26.42 
17.14 
22.87 



53.80 
40.99 
38.27 
44.79 



25.16 
16.79 
16.42 



3.79 
2.46 
3.70 
6.61 



6.74 
3.96 
6.12 



13.52 
11.21 
12.31 

15.08 



7.67 
6.02 
6.41 
10.62 



18.44 
13.96 
13.03 
16.68 



FARM-MORTGAGE DEBT 



23 



Table 2. — Number, Acreage, and Value of Farms Operated by Full Owners, by Mortgage Status, by Divisions and States: 

1940-56 — Continued 

[For 1956 and 1960, no data are Included for the District of Columbia; for 1945 and 1949, District of Columbia data are Included with Maryland] 



Area and mortgage stall; 



l*r«> from debt. 



Mortgaged . 



- 1956 
1950- 
1945. 
1940 

-.1956- 
1950 
1945 
1910 



Farms 



•SOUTH ATLANTIC 



195(1. 
1960. 

1945- 
1940. 



1U.VJ. 

1950- 
1945- 

1940. 



Mortgaged. 



Free from debt... 



Mortgaged. 



West Virginia 
All farms 



Free from debt. . 



Mortgaged. 



in50. 

1950. 
1945. 
1940- 

. 1956- 
195(1- 
1945. 
1940- 

.1956- 
1959. 
1945. 



1956. 
1950- 
1945- 
1940. 

1956. 
1950- 
1945. 
1940. 

.1956. 
1950- 
1945. 



. 1956. 
1950. 
1945. 
1940. 

.1956. 
1950. 
1945. 
1940- 

.1956. 
1950. 
1946. 
1940. 



15. 513 

50. 6S0 
52. 469 



:iii, o;i9 
:).-., 5.X0 

34, 712 
25,834 

15, 474 
15, 100 
17, 757 

26 607 



4,237 
5,194 
6, 527 
6,401 

2,881 
3, 622 
4,425 
3.063 

1,356 
1,572 

2,102 
2,338 



22,505 
25,671 
28. 403 
28,766 

14,538 
17. 191 

18, 243 
17. 070 



94, 431 

ins, ass 

124,383 
113,510 



20. 208 
17, 530 

21, 508 

28, 3*1 



56, 243 
67, 583 
78, 398 
71,542 



9,168 
10.688 

9,930 
13,840 



Per- 
cent 

distri- 
bution 



100.0 
100. 
100.0 
100.0 

66.0 
70.2 
68.2 



Increase or 
decrease (— ) 
from preceding 



loo. 
100.0 
100. 
160.0 



32.0 
30.3 
32.2 
43.3 



100. 
100. 
100.0 
100.0 

64.6 
67.0 
64.2 



Kill. 
100.0 
100. 
100. 



in. 4 

18 2 
17.3 

25.0 



100. 
100.0 
100.0 

100.0 



16.3 

15.8 
12.7 
19.3 



-216 
-530 
-236 



2, 653 
-1,052 
1,173 



-513 

- 1, 680 
-1,536 



-16,585 
-12,067 
17, 734 



2,678 
-3, 978 
-6. 861 



-9, 820 
-11,573 
10, 766 



-18.4 
-20.4 
20.8 



Land In farms 



-13.7 
-25.2 
-10.1 



-6.0 
-16.5 
-13.1 



-18.3 
-11.7 
20.8 



15 •'. 

-18.5 

-24 2 



-17.3 
-16.9 
18.7 



10. 165, 236 
10,331.700 
10, 971, 994 
11,036,433 

6, 454, 925 

7, 406, 200 
7. 300, 294 
4, 824, 977 

3.710,311 

2. 925. 500 

3, 671, 7011 
6. 210, 456 



422.8115 
467, 100 
511,157 
438,409 



310.! 

323, 957 
247, 695 

136, 143 

150. 200 
1S7, 200 
190, 705 



2,251,151 
2, 428. 600 
2, 36.8. 40(1 
2, 412, 796 

1,386,709 

1,570,800 
1.393,090 
1.304,452 

864, 442 

857, 800 

975, 400 

1. 108. 344 



9.433,421 

10. 501. 500 

11, 065, 134 
10,411,250 



2. 264, 021 
2. 007, 100 
2, 396. 100 
3 192,660 



5, 614, 746 

6, 410. 200 
6, 774. 545 
6, 370, 918 

4, 547, 944 

5. 294. 600 
5, 647. 445 
4, 890, 556 

1,066,802 
1,115,600 
1, 127, 100 
1, 480, 362 



Per- 
cent 

rlislll- 

hufinn 



100.0 
100. 
100. 
100.0 



228 3 
203. 9 
209. 1 
210.4 

214.9 

208 2 
210.3 
186.8 

239.8 
193.7 

206. S 



Value of land and buildings 



100.0 
100.0 
100.0 

loo.o 


99.8 
89.9 
78.3 
81.2 


67.8 
67.8 
63.4 
56.5 


99.5 
87.5 
73.2 
80.9 


32.2 
32.2 

36.6 
43. 5 


100.4 
95.5 
89.1 
81.6 


100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 


100. 

94.6 
83.4 
83.9 


61.6 
64.7 
58.8 
54.1 


95.4 
91.4 

76. 4 
76.4 


38.4 
35.3 
41.2 
45.9 


108.5 
101.2 
96.0 
94.8 


100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 


99.9 
97.0 
89.0 
91.7 


76.0 
80.9 
78.3 
69.3 


96.6 
93.6 
84.3 
84.8 


24.0 
19.1 
21.7 
30.7 


112.0 
114.5 
111.4 
112.5 


100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
1011. 


99.8 
94.8 
86.4 
89.1 


81.0 
82.6 
83.4 
76.8 


96.6 
93.0 
82.5 
84.8 


19.0 
17.4 
16.6 
23.2 


116.4 
104.4 
113.5 
107.0 



894, 792, 000 
711,555,000 
492, 900, 483 
383, 542, 350 

585, 194,000 
513, 938, 000 
326, 130, 483 
167, 528, 244 

309, 698, 000 
197. 617, 000 
166. 770, 000 
216,014,106 



74, 047, 000 
67, 076, 000 
40. 711, 339 
32. 492, 779 

46, 427, 000 
38. 328, 000 
27, 178. 339 
19, 162, 642 

27, 620, 000 
18. 748, 000 
13. 633, 000 
13, 330, 137 



447, 232, 000 
315, 716, 000 
209, 517, 768 
173,039,562 

252. 239, 000 
199,110.000 
126, 950, 768 
96, 921, 801 

194. 993. 000 
116.606,000 
82, 561, 000 
76, 661, 161 



1,162,831,000 
879, 828, 000 
602, 685, 982 
450, 782, 784 

831. 424, 000 
681,723,000 
453, 072, 982 
299, 420, 806 

331, 407, 000 
198, 105, 000 
149, 613, 000 
151,361,978 



353, 194, 000 
375, 433. 000 
264, 623, 298 
199,674,963 

273, 019, 000 
303, 285. 000 
218, 264, 298 
147,961,318 

80,175,000 
72, 148, 000 
46, 359. 000 
61,713,645 



Per- 
cent 
distri- 
bution 



100.0 
100.0 
100.0 

loo, o 



34.6 

27.8 
33.8 
56.3 



100.0 
100.0 
100,0 
100.0 



100. 
100.0 
100. 
100.0 



43.6 
36.9 
39.4 
44.2 



100. 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 

71.5 
77.5 
75.2 



100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100. 



22.7 
19.2 
17.5 
26.9 



Average value 
(dollars) 



19,66.1 
14,010 
9,394 
7,314 



20,1)08 
13.087 
9. 392 
8. 119 



17,476 
10. 989 
0,237 
6.018 

16,116 

10, -.82 
6,142 
8, 250 



19.8,3 

12, 299 

7. 377 
6,034 

17, 350 
11.582 
6, 959 
5,678 

24, 475 

13, 751 

8. 126 



12,314 
8,121 
4.S45 
3,971 

11,202 
7,507 
4,404 
3,517 

16,400 
11.301 
6.956 
5,335 



6,280 
5, 555 
3,375 
2,791 



6,331 
3,188 

2,564 



68, 87 
44. 92 
34.76 



83,41 
67.55 
45. 42 
34.78 



175. 13 
122, 19 
79. 65 
74.12 



21)2. 87 
124.82 
72.29 
60.90 



198. 07 
130 (!() 
88,33 
71.73 

181.90 
126. 76 
91.13 
74.30 



155 94 
84 64 
69. 17 



123. 27 
83.76 
54.47 
43.30 

115.97 
80. 23 
52.26 
41.48 

146,38 
98.70 
62. 44 
47.41 



62.90 
5.8, 57 
39.06 
31.34 

60.03 
57.28 
38.65 



75.16 
64.67 
41.13 
34.93 



Amount of mortgage debt 



76, 471, 000 
61,086,000 
54, 034, 000 
95,141.000 



76, 471. 000 
51, OS6. 000 
54, 034, 000 
95, 141, 000 



8, 175, 000 
0, 559, 000 
4, 750. 000 
6, 532. 000 



8, 176, 000 
6, 559, 000 

4, 750, 000 

5, 532, 000 



61, 888, 000 
36.821,000 
28, 236. 000 
32, 364, 000 



1, 680 
1.008 
1,030 
1,814 



4, 942 
3.383 
3.043 



u. 629 
4,172 
2,260 



61. 868, 000 
36. 821, 000 
28, 236, 000 
32. 364. 000 



89.148,000 
63, 541. 000 
44, 280, 000 
50, 995. 000 



89, 148, 000 
63, 541, 000 
44, 286, 000 
■50, 995, 000 



22, 529, 000 
19,936,000 
15, 113, 000 
17,421,000 



22, 529, 000 
19, 936, 000 
15,113,000 
17,421,000 



4,342 
2,779 
2,767 



4,412 
3.054 
2, 059 
1,798 



2,457 
1,865 
1,522 



20. 61 
17.46 
14.72 

15 32 



19.34 
14.04 
9.29 

12 62 



60. 06 

43.67 
26.37 
29. 01 



23.04 
15.16 
11.92 
13.42 



9.46 
5.10 
4.00 

I 90 



39.38 
26. 68 
18.48 

15 97 



4.01 
3.11 
2.23 

2.73 



21.12 
17.87 
13.41 
11.77 



24 



FARM-MORTGAGE DEBT 



Table 2. — Number, Acreage, and Value of Farms Operated by Full Owners, by Mortgage Status, by Divisions and States: 

1940-56 — Continued 

. [For 1956 and 1950, no data are included for the District of Columbia; for 1945 and 1940, District of Columbia data are included with Maryland] 



Area and mortgage status 



SOUTH ATLANTIC— Con. 

North Carolina 

All farms ..1956. 

1950. 
1945. 
1940. 



Free from debt-. 



.1956.. 
1950- 
1946.. 
1940- 

Mortgaged 1956.. 

1950.. 
1945. . 
1940- 

South Carolina 

All farms -1956- 

1950. 
1945. . 
1940.. 

Free from debt 1956.. 

1950- 
1945.. 
1940. 

Mortgaged ..1956.. 

1950. . 
1945.. 
1940- 



All farms 1956.. 

1950.. 
1946.. 
1940.. 

Free from debt 1956. 

1950. 
1945. 
1940. 

Mortgaged 1956_ 

1950- 
1945- 



i.11 farms 1956. 

1950. 
1946. 
1940- 

Free from debt 1956. 

1950. 
1945. 
1940. 



Mortgaged. . 



..1956.. 
1950.. 
1945.. 
1940.. 

EAST SOUTH CENTRAL 

Kentucky 

All farms... .' 1956.". 

1950.. 
1945. 
1940. 

Free from debt.- 1956.. 

1950.. 
1945. 
1940.. 

Mortgaged 1966- 

1950. 
1945. 
1940. 



129, 239 
142, 085 
144, 450 
132, 451 

96, 671 
117,082 
119,629 

93, 476 

32, 56S 
25, 003 
24, 821 
38, 975 



42, 874 
46, 006 
44,741 
32, 780 

14, 752 
13, 276 
15,016 
. 17, 863 



88. 005 
95,908 
96, 134 
76, 103 

59, 579 
70, 193 
68,614 
46, 258 

28, 426 

25, 715 
27, 520 



45,448 
42,806 
45. 473 
40, 692 

31, 495 

32, 677 
37, 159 
28,397 



126, 118 

113.455 
159,889 
149, 695 

97, 489 
117,756 
130, 963 
109, 703 



Per- 
cent 
distri- 



100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 



100.0 
100.0 
100. (1 
100.0 

74.4 
77.6 
74.9 
64.7 

25.6 
22.4 
25.1 



100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 

67.7 
73.2 
71.4 



100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 



30.7 
23.7 
18.3 
30.2 



100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 

77.3 
82.1 
81.9 
73.3 

22.7 
17.9 
18.1 



Increase or 

decrease (— ) 

from preceding 

Census 



-12, 846 
-2,365 
11,999 



-20, 411 
-2, 547 
26,153 



-3, 132 
1,265 
11, 961 



1,476 
-1,740 
-2,847 



-10,614 
1,679 
22, 366 



2,711 
-1,805 
-2, 325 



2,642 
-2, 667 
4,781 



-1,182 
-4. 482 
8,762 



-17,337 
-16,434 ' 
10, 194 



-20, 267 
-13.207 
21,260 



2,930 
-3, 227 
-11.066 



-17.4 
-2.1 
28.0 



11.1 
-11.6 

-15.11 



37.8 
21.8 
-32.4 



-17.2 
-10.1 
19.4 



9, 816, 158 
10, 544, 100 
10, 482, 012 

9, 803, 644 

7, 155, 979 
8,631,700 
8, 275, 412 
6, 636, 242 

2, 660, 179 
1,912,400 
2, 206, 600 
3, 167, 402 



6,917,081 
6, 148, 600 
6,041,732 
5, 169, 542 

4, 473, 313 
4, 731, 300 
4, 273, 832 
3, 023, 741 

1, 443, 768 
1,417,300 
1, 767, 900 
2, 145, 801 



13, 405, 171 

14, 076, 100 
12. 350, 114 

9, 942, 312 

8, 639, 094 
10, 204, 100 
8, 073, 214 
5, 414, 105 

4, 866. 077 

3, 872, 000 

4, 2715, 9110 
4, 528, 207 



8,041,619 
7, 278, 500 
6,401,537 
3, 688, 119 



5, 204, 100 
5, 257, 637 

2, 200, 199 

3. 224, 689 
2, 074, 400 
1, 143, 900 
1, 487, 920 



11.690,564 
12,681.600 
13, 457, 350 
12, 792, 862 

8, 592, 565 
10, 107, 300 
10, 547, 559 

8, 785, 951 

3, 097, 999 
2, 574, 300 
2, 909, 800 
4, 006, 911 



Per- 
cent 
distri- 
bution 



100. 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 

72.9 
81.9 
78.9 
67.7 

27.1 
18.1 
21.1 
32.3 



100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 

75.6 
77.0 
70.7 



24.4 
23.0 
29.3 
41.5 



100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 

63.7 

72.5 
65.4 
64.5 

36.3 
27.5 
34.6 



100.0 
100.0 

inn.o 

100.0 

59.9 
71.5 
82.1 



inn.o 

100.0 
100. 
100.0 

23.5 
79.7 
78.4 



26.5 
20.3 
21.6 
31.3 



74.0 
73.7 
69.2 
71.0 



102.7 
103.7 
101.1 
102.1 



97.9 
106.8 
117.7 
120.1 



152.3 
146.8 
128.5 
130.6 



145. 4 
117.7 
117.0 

171.2 
150.6 
155. 4 
151.7 



176.9 
170.0 
140.8 
90.6 



231.1 

204. 8 
137. 6 
121.0 



ins. 2 
100.2 
100.6 
100.2 



Value of land and buildings 



1,271,950,000 
938, 295, 000 
638, 319, 822 
376, 836, 675 

895, 453, 000 
747,113,000 
419, 207, 822 
242, 558, 245 

376, 497, 000 
191, 182, 000 
119,112,000 
134, 278, 430 



568, 532, 000 
422, 696, 000 
240, 587, 430 
163, 435, 752 

421, 282, 000 
317, 184, 000 
171, 693, 430 
92, 796, 561 

147, 250, 000 
105, 512, 000 
68, 894, 000 
70, 639, 191 



915,571,000 
612, 360, 000 
353, 305, 071 
214, 274, 764 

532, 802, 000 
430, 714, 000 
235, 007, 071 
111,691,198 

382, 709, 000 
181,646,000 
118,298,000 
102, 583, 566 



1, 469, 305, 000 
525, 959, 000 
314, 912, 049 
191, 527, 202 

937,417,000 
362. 063, 000 
252, 492, 049 
114,426,403 

531,888,000 
163, 896, 000 
62, 420, 000 
77, 100, 799 



1, 049, 758, 000 
949,417,000 
666, 562, 791 
487, 207, 910 

760, 025, 000 
698, 520. 000 
492, 353, 791 
305, 407, 105 

289, 733, 000 
250, 897, 000 
174, 209, 000 
181, 800, 805 



Per- 
cent 
distri- 
bution 



100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 



29.6 
20.4 
22.1 



100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 

74.1 
75.0 
71.4 
56.8 

25.9 
25.0 
28.6 
43.2 



100.0 
100. 
100.0 
100.0 



100. 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 



36.2 
31.2 
19.8 
40.3 



100. 

ion. o 

100.0 
100.0 

72.4 
73.6 
73.9 
62.7 

27.6 
26.4 
26.1 
37.3 



Average value 
(dollars) 



9,263 
6,381 
3,504 
2,595 

11,560 
7,646 
4,7 
3,445 



7,130 
4, 026 
. 3, 227 

9,826 
6,894 
3,837 
2,831 



10.404 
6,385 
3,675 
2,816 

8,944 
6,136 
3,425 
2,415 

13,463 
7,064 
4,299 
3,437 



32. 329 
12,287 
6,925 



29,764 
11,080 
6,795 
4,030 

38,120 
16, 181 
7,508 
6,271 



7,796 
5, 932 
3, 759 



10, 120 
9,763 
6,023 
4,646 



125. 13 
86.55 
50.66 
36.55 



94.18 
67.04 
40.17 



101.99 
74.45 
38.97 
32.92 



43.50 
28.61 
21.55 

62.40 
42.21 
29.11 
20.63 

78.65 
46.91 
27.66 
22. 65 



182. 71 
72.26 
49.19 
51.93 

194. 61 
69.67 
48.02 
52.01 

164,94 
79.01 
64.57 
51.82 



88.45 
69.11 
46.68 
34.76 

93.52 
97.46 
59.87 
45.37 



Amount of mortgage debt 



90, 359, 000 
48, 115, 000 
43, 833, 000 
48, 202, 000 



90, 359, 000 
48,115,000 
43, 833, 000 
48, 202, 000 



40, 494, 000 
25, 804, 000 
23, 080, 000 
24, 638, 000 



40, 494, 000 
25, 804, 000 
23, 080, 000 
24,638,000 



92, 616, 000 
51, 727, 000 
41,996,000 
40, 465, 000 



92,616,000 
51,727,000 
41,996,000 
40, 465, 000 



113,292,000 
36, 542, 000 
20, 037, 000 
21,962,000 



113, 292, 000 
36, 542, 000 
20, 037, 000 
21, 962, 000 



88. 658, 000 
68. 258, 000 
54. 005. 000 
67, 172, 000 



88, 658, 000 
68, 258, 000 
( 54, 005, 000 
; 67,172,000 



2,774 
1,924 
1,766 
1,237 



2,745 
1,944 
1,537 



3,258 
2,012 
1,526 
1, 356 



33.97 
25.16 
19.86 
15.22 



3,097 
2,656 
1,8" 



28.05 
18.21 
13.06 
11.48' 



6.91 

3. 67 
3.40 
4.07 



19.03 
13.36 
9.82 
8.94 



14.09 
5.02 
3.13 
5.95 



35.13 
17.62 
17.52. 
14.76 



5. 38 
4.01 
5.25 



26.52 
18.56 
16.76 



FARM-MORTGAGE DEBT 



25 



Table 2. — Number, Acreage, and Value of Farms Operated by Full Owners, by Mortgage Status, by Divisions and States: 

1940-56— Continued 

[For 1050 and 1950, no data are Included for the District of Columbia; for 1945 and 1910, District of Columbia data are Included with Maryland) 



Area and mortgage status 



Per- 
cent 
distri- 
bution 



Increase or 

decrease (— ) 

from preceding 

Census 



Land In farms 



Per- 
cent 
distri- 
bution 



Value of land and buildings 



cent 
distri- 
bution 



Average value 
(dollars) 



Amount of mortgage debt 



All farms 1956., 

1950.. 
1945.. 
1940.. 

Free from debt 1966- 

1950.. 
1945.. 
1940.. 

Mortgaged 1956.. 

1950.. 
1945- 
1940. . 



All farms 1956 

1950.. 

1945. 

1940.. 

Free from debt 1956. 

1960. 
1945. 
1940. 

Mortgaged 1956.. 

1950.. 

1945 

1940 

Mississippi 

All farms 1966. 

I960.. 

1945. 

1940.. 

Free from debt 1956.. 

1950. 
1945. 
1940. 

Mortgaged.. 1966. 

1950.. 
1945.. 
1940. . 

WEST SOUTH CENTRAL 

Arkansas 

All farms 1956- 

1950- 
1945- 
1940.. 

Free from debt ...1956.. 

1950.. 
1945.. 
1940.. 



1956.. 

1950.. 
1945., 
1940.. 



All farms. 1956.. 

1950- 
1945- 
1940.. 

Free from debt —1956— 

1950- 
1945- 
1940- 

Mortgaged 1966.. 

1950.. 
1945- 
1940.. 



121,221 
131, 670 
139,072 
128, 591 

93, 461 

110, WW 
115.7(13 
92, 622 

27, 760 
24. 602 
23. 369 
35, 969 



88.432 
97. 747 
100, 072 
80, 303 

61, 902 
74.006 
75, 520 
45, 018 

26,530 

23, 742 

24, 552 
35, 285 



66.637 

80. 247 
75. 309 
49,420 



67, 138 
75. 421 
78.917 
68,166 

20,601 
18, 222 
20, 777 
27, 676 



60. 360 
62. 810 
68,761 
62, 936 

44.606 

61. 678 
47. 428 
34,707 

15, 754 
11,232 
11.333 

18,229 



100.0 
100.0 

loo. o 

100.0 

77.1 
81.7 
83.2 
72.0 

22.9 
18.3 
16.8 
28.0 



100.0 
100. 
100.0 
100.0 

70.0 
76.7 
75.6 
56.1 

30.0 
24.3 
24.5 
43.9 



100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 

71.6 

77.9 
75.8 
55.7 



100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 



26.5 
19.6 
20.8 
32.2 



100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 



26.1 
17.9 
19.3 

34.4 



-13. 449 
-4, 402 
10, 481 



-16, 607 
-5.635 
23, 081 



-9.315 
-2, 325 

19, 769 



-12,103 
-1,615 
30, 602 



-9, 984 
3,673 
10, 6S3 



-15. 904 
-6, 051 
13, 852 



2, 379 
-2,555 
-6,899 



-2. 450 
4,049 
6,825 



-6, 972 
4.150 
12, 721 



-15.1 
-4.9 
24.9 



-9.5 
-2.3 
24.6 



-16.4 
-2.0 
87. 8 



-24.2 
-4.4 
35.7 



13.1 
-12.3 
-24.9 



11.0 
-13.5 



40.3 
-0.9 
-37.8 



10, 461. 292 

1 1, 030. 600 
10, 886, 105 
10. 473, 404 

8,159,808 
8, 839. 300 
8. 628. 405 
7, 052. 821 

2, 301, 484 
2, 191. 300 

2. 257. 700 

3, 420, 583 



10. 769. 027 
10. 639, 200 
10, 044, 470 
8, 506, 063 

7, 624, 471 
7, 967, 100 
7, 181. 470 
4, 453, 504 

3, 144, 556 
2. 672, 100 
2, 863. 000 
4, 062, 659 



11, 294, 795 
11,755.800 
11,534, 149 
9, 914. 582 

7. 522. 333 
8,931,600 

8. 420. 949 
5, 126, 662 

3. 772. 462 

2, 824. 300 

3, 113, 200 

4, 787, 920 



9, 284. 575 
10.318.300 
10, 237. 743 

8, 661, 943 



2, 906, 072 
2,319,800 

2, 587, 400 

3, 243, 503 



6, 147. 549 
6. 255. 800 
8,258. 177 
4, 497, 723 

3,639,317 
4. 146, 700 
3, 921, 777 
2, 612, 567 

1, 508, 232 
1.119.100 
1, 336. 400 
1,885,156 



100.0 


86.3 


100.0 


81.9 


100. 


78.3 


100.0 


81.4 


78.0 


87.3 


80.1 


80.3 


79.3 


74.6 


67.3 


76.1 


22.0 


82.9 


19.9 


89.1 


20.7 


96.6 


32.7 


96.1 


100.0 


121.8 


100.0 


108.8 


100.0 


100. 4 


100.0 


105.9 


70.8 


123.2 


74.9 


107.7 


71.5 


95.1 


52.4 


98.9 


29.2 


118.5 


25.1 


112.5 


28.5 


116.6 


47.6 


114.9 


100.0 


121.4 


100.0 


114.1 


100.0 


116.1 


100.0 


111.8 


66.6 


112.9 


76.0 


111.3 


73.0 


112.8 


61.7 


103.7 


33.4 


142.7 


24.0 


123.8 


27.0 


129.3 


48.3 


121.9 


100.0 


119.4 


100.0 


110.2 


100.0 


102.7 


100.0 


100.9 


68.7 


111.6 


77.5 


106.1 


74.7 


96.9 


62.6 


93.2 


31.3 


141.1 


22.5 


127.3 


25.3 


124.5 


37.4 


117.2 


100.0 


86.3 


100.0 


83.8 


100.0 


89.5 


100.0 


85.0 


70.7 


81.6 


78.8 


80.4 


74.6 


82.7 


68.1 


75.3 


29.3 


95.7 


21.2 


99.6 


25.4 


117.9 


41.9 


103.4 



1,027.154.000 
821, 633. 000 
636, 764. 586 
385, 031, 444 

739, 551. 000 
641,917,000 
416, 498, 586 
245, 648, 070 

287, 603. 000 
179,716,000 
120. 266. 000 
139, 383, 374 



678, 425. 000 
497, 756. 000 
290,514.754 
180, 909, 521 

427, 408. 000 
357. 988. 000 
203, 192. 754 
89, 676, 401 

251, 017, 000 
139. 768. 000 
87. 322, 000 
91, 233, 120 



848, 624, 000 
605, 503, 000 
331, 244, 824 
211,037,228 

652. 454, 000 
440, 841, 000 
218. 639, 824 
97, 461, 861 

296.170,000 
164. 662. 000 
112,605,000 
113, 575, 377 



634. 997. 000 
618. 351. 000 
339, 427. 199 
195, 185, 680 

434, 338, 000 
379. 623. 000 
240, 121, 199 
107, 254, 148 

200, 659, 000 
138, 728, 000 
99, 306, 000 
87, 931, 532 



611,601,000 
421,082.000 
231, 630. 948 
150, 503, 037 

403. 045. 000 
319.828.000 
169, 005, 948 
81. 879, 056 

208,656 000 
101, 254. 000 
62. 625, 000 
68, 623, 981 



100.0 
100. 
100. 
100.0 

72.0 
78.1 
77.6 
63.8 

28.0 
21.9 
22.4 
30.2 



100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 



37.0 
28.1 
30.1 

50. 4 



100 
100. 
100.0 
100.0 



31.1) 
.'7.2 
■M. 
S3. 8 



100.0 
100. 
100.0 
100.0 



31.6 
26.8 
29.3 
45.1 



100.0 
100.0 
100. 
100.0 

65.9 
76.0 
73.0 
64.4 

34.1 

24.0 
27.0 
45.6 



7,913 
6,832 
3, 600 
2,652 

10, 360 
7. 305 
6, 146 
3,875 



7,672 
6.092 

2, 903 
2,253 

6,906 
4,837 
2,691 
1,992 

9,462 

6.887 

3. 557 



9,118 
6,876 
3, 333 
2,379 

8.290 
6.494 
2,928 
1,972 

11, 205 
7,220 
4,678 
2,892 



8.168 

5,535 
3,405 
2,274 

7,602 
5.033 
3,043 
1,844 

9,740 
7.613 
4,780 
3,177 



9,036 
6.201 
3,663 
2,359 

13,238 
9,015 
6,526 
3,768 



98.19 
74.49 
49.31 
36.76 

90.63 
72.62 
48.27 
34.83 

124. 96 
82.01 
53.27 
40.76 



63.00 
46.79 
28.92 
21.27 

66.06 
44.93 
28.29 
20.14 

79.83 
62.31 
30. .50 
22.51 



76.13 
61.51 
28.72 
21.29 

73.44 

49.36 
25.96 
19.01 

78.51 
68.30 
30.17 
23.72 



68 39 

50. 24 
33.15 
22.53 



47.46 
31.39 
19.79 



59. SO 
38.38 
27.11 



118.81 
79.97 
44.05 
33.46 



S.28 
4. 17 
3.58 



49, 291, 000 

38, 605. 000 
60, 896, 000 



72. 795, 000 
40, 362, 000 
33, 831, 000 
36, 606, 000 



3,118 
2, 004 
1,652 
1,415 



37.61 
22.49 
17.10 
14.88 



0. 76 
3. 70 
3.37 



72. 795, 000 
40, 362. 000 
33. 881, 000 
36, 606, 000 



89, 443. 000 
47. 607, 000 
39. 862. 000 
46, 306, 000 



2,744 

1,700 
1,380 



23.15 
16.10 
11.83 
9.03 



7. 02 
4.06 

3.40 
4 117 



89, 443, 000 
47. 607. 000 
39, 862, 000 
46, 306, 000 



58.191.000 
36. 294. 000 
31, 0R3, 000 
32,819,000 



3.384 
2. 087 
1,656 
1,179 



23.71 
16.86 
12.80 
9.67 



6.27 
3. 62 
3.04 

3.79 



58.191,000 
36, 294, 000 

31. 083, 000 

32, 819, 000 



64. 224, 000 
24, 795. 000 
20. 478, 000 
26, 236, 000 



54, 224, 000 
24, 795. 000 
20, 478, 000 
26,236,000 



20.02 
15.65 
12.01 
10.12 



3,442 

2, 208 
1,807 
1,439 



35.95 
22.16 
15.32 
13.92 



26 



FARM'MORTGAGE DEBT 



Table 2. — Number, Acreage, and Value of Farms Operated by Full Owners, by Mortgage Status, by Divisions and States: 

1940-56 — Continued 

[For 1956 and 1950, no data are included for the District of Columbia; for 1945 and 1940, District of Columbia data are included with Maryland] 



Area and mortgage status 



Per- 
cent 
distri- 
bution 



Increase or 

decrease (— ) 

from preceding 

Census 



Per- 
cent 
distri- 
bution 



Value of land and buildings 



cent 
distri- 
bution 



Amount of mortgage debt 



Free from debt. 



Free from debt. 



.1956. 
1950. 
1945. 
1940. 

.1956. 
1950. 
1945. 



.1956. 
1950. 
1945. 
1940. 



.1956. 
1960. 
1945. 
1940. 

.1956. 
1950. 
1945. 
1940. 

.1956. 
1950. 
1945. 

19)0 



MOUNTAIN 
Montana 
All farms 



Free from debt. 



Mortgaged. 



Free from debt 



Mortgaged. 



Free from debt- 



Mortgaged 



.1956. 
1950 
1945. 
1940. 

.1956. 
1950. 
1945. 
1940. 



.1956. 
1950. 
1945. 
1940- 

.1956. 
1950. 
1945. 
1940. 



.1956. 
1950. 
1945. 
1940. 

.1956. 
1950. 
1945. 
1940- 

.1956. 
1950. 
194S. 
1940. 



. 58, 372 


100.0 


-5, 351 


-8.4 


63,723 


100.0 


-6, 946 


-9.8 


70,669 


100.0 


14,810 


26.5 


55, 859 
38. 759 


100.0 
66.4 






-6, 070 


-13.6 


44,829 


70.4 


-2. 577 


-5.4 


47, 406 


67.1 


16, 419 


53.0 


30, 987 
19. 613 


£5.5 
33.6 






719 


3.8 


18, 894 


29.6 


-4,369 


-18.8 


23,263 


32.9 


-1, 609 


-6.5 


24,872 
152, 181 


44.5 
100.0 






-12, 958 


-7.8 


165, 139 


100.0 


-32, 855 


-16.6 


197, 994 


100.0 


31, 335 


18.8 


166, 659 
100, 679 


100.0 
70.1 






-lfi, 434 


-13.3 


123, 113 


74.6 


-19.300 


-13.6 


142, 413 


71.9 


33,310 


30.6 


109, 103 
45, 502 


65.5 
29.9 






3.476 


8.3 


42,026 


25.4 


-13,555 


-24.4 


55. 581 


28.1 


-1, 975 


-3.4 


57, 556 


34.6 






14, 493 


100.0 


-1, 597 


-9.9 


16,090 


100.0 


-532 


-3.2 


16, 622 


100.0 


-406 


-2.4 


17,028 
8,797 


100.0 
60.7 






-2, 022 


-18.7 


10, 819 


67.2 


-1,126 


-9.4 


11,945 


71.9 


2,891 


31.9 


9,054 
5,696 


53.2 
39.3 






425 


8.1 


5.271 


32.8 


594 


12.7 


4,677 


28.1 


-3, 297 


-41.3 


7,974 
24,231 


46.8 
100.0 






-1,716 


-6.6 


25, 947 


100.0 


-162 


-0.6 


2n, 109 


100.0 


59 


0.2 


20,050 


100.0 






11,922 


49.2 


-3, 085 


-20.6 


15,007 


57.8 


168 


1.1 


14, 839 


56.8 


3,e45 


32.6 


11,194 
12. 309 


43.0 
50.8 






1,369 


12.5 


10,940 


42.2 


-330 


-2.9 


11, 270 


43.2 


-3, 586 


-24.1 


14.S55 
5,198 


67.0 
100.0 






-810 


-13.5 


6,008 


100.0 


236 


4.1 


5,772 


100.0 


-1,042 


-15.3 


6,814 
2,583 


100.0 
49.7 






-620 


-19.4 


3,203 


53.3 


-34 


-1.1 


3,237 


56.1 


147 


4.8 


3,090 
2,615 


45.3 
50.3 






-190 


-6.8 


2,805 


46.7 


270 


10,7 


2,535 


48.9 


-1,189 


-SI. 9 


3.7M 


84.7 







10, 188, 721 
9, 825, 100 
9, 841, 294 
7, 841, 016 


100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 


174.5 
154.2 
139.3 
140.4 


6. 204, 931 
6, 441, 300 
5, 724, 694 
3, 548, 545 


60.9 
65.6 
58.2 
45.3 


160.1 
143.7 
120.8 
114.5 


3. 983. 790 
3, 383, 800 
4, 116. 600 

4, 292, 471 


39.1 
34.4 
41.8 
54.7 


203.1 
179.1 
177.0 
172.6 


44. 794, 573 
44, 438, 200 
50,865,122 
42, 441, 570 


100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 


294.4 
269.1 
256.9 
254.7 


27, 190, 306 
28, 671, 100 
31, 998, 022 
20, 221, 247 


60.7 
64.5 
62.9 
47.6 


254.9 
232.9 
224.7 
185.3 


17, 604, 267 
15, 767, 100 
18, 867, 100 
22, 220, 323 


39.3 
35.5 
37.1 
52.4 


386.9 
375.2 
339.5 
386.1 


10, 017, 007 
10, 998, 700 
9.108,936 
7, 526, 526 


100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 


691.2 
683.6 
548.0 
442.0 


6, 250, 612 
7, 468, 700 
6. 382, 436 
3, 627, 699 


62.4 
67.9 
70.1 
48.2 


710.5 
690.3 
534.3 
4O0.7 


3, 766, 395 
3, 530, 000 
2, 726, 500 
3, 898, 827 


37.6 
32.1 
29.9 
51.8 


661.2 
669.7 
583.0 
488.9 


4, 959. 607 
5,216.300 
4,812,315 
4, 127, 815 


100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 


204.7 
201.0 
184.3 
158.6 


1,983,843 
2, 941, 500 
2, 538, 815 
1, 580, 006 


40.0 
56.4 
62.8 
38.3 


166.4 
196.0 
171.1 
141.2 


2, 975, 764 
2, 274, 800 
2, 273, 500 
2, 547, 209 


60.0 
43.6 
47.2 
61.7 


241.8 
207.9 
201.7 
171.5 


3.491,167 
3. 807. 800 
3, 290, 039 
3, 784, 156 


100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 


671.6 
633.8 
570.0 
555.4 


1, 888, 721 
2,061,600 
1, 781, 939 
1, 470, 852 


54.1 
54.1 
54.2 
38.9 


731.2 
643.7 
550.5 
476.0 


1, 602, 446 
1,746,200 
1. 608, 100 
2,313.804 


45.9 
46.9 
48. 8 
61.1 


612.8 
622.6 
894.9 
621.3 



740, 644, 000 
523, 060. 000 
346, 094, 381 
236, 502, 179 

436, 239, 000 
343. 583. 000 
204, 112, 381 
104, 325, 415 

304, 405, 000 
179.477,000 
141, 982, 000 
132, 176, 764 



3, 191, 419, 000 

2, 329, 260, 000 

1,495,232,984 

933, 544, 839 



1,318,050,000 
805, 070, 000 
600, 352, 000 
470,411,069 



372, 195, 000 
291,236,000 
139, 089, 201 
98, 345, 084 

208, 067, 000 
189, 266, 000 
94, 347, 201 
41,646,119 

164, 138, 000 
101,970.000 
44, 742, 000 
56, 698, 965 



275, 042, 000 
247, 435, 000 
117,135,893 
63, 669, 637 

355, 789, 000 
190,261.000 
116,790.000 
109, 217, 087 



138, 472, 000 
101,681,000 
53. 989, 281 
45, 276, 688 

65, 774, 000 
50, 061, 000 
28,111.281 
15, 610, 521 

72,698.000 
51,620,000 
26,878,000 
29, 666, 167 



100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 

58.9 
65.7 
59.0 
44.1 

41.1 
34.3 
41.0 
55.9 



100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 

58.7 
65.4 
59.8 
49.6 

41.3 

34.6 
40.2 
60.4 



100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 

55.9 
65.0 
67.8 



44. I 
35.0 
32.2 



100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100. 



100.0 
100.0 
100. 
100.0 



11, 256 
7,664 
4,306 
3,367 

15, 521 
9,499 
6,103 
5,314 



20, 971 
14, 105 
7,552 



17, 561 

r.'.3.so 

0,284 
1, 245 

28, 967 
19, 156 
10. 801 
8,173 



23, 070 
16.488 
7,894 
4,795 

28,905 
17. 391 
10. 363 
7,352 



26,639 
16. 924 
9,354 
6,645 



27,800 
18,403 
10,208 
7,966 



12.69 
53.24 
35.17 
30.16 

70.31 
63.34 
35.65 
29.40 



68.90 
53.16 
27. 97 
22.90 

74.87 
51.06 
31.82 
21.17 



37.16 
26.48 
16.27 
13.07 

33.29 
25.34 
14.78 
11.48 



127. 19 
83.91 
48.61 
39.46 



119.56 
83.64 
51.37 



39.66 
26.70 
16.41 
11.96 

34.82 
24.28 
15.78 
10.61 

45.87 
29.66 
17.16 
12.82 



72. 753, 000 
48, 322, 000 
46,712.000 
52, 027, 000 



7.14 
4.92 
4.75 

6. 64 



72. 763, 000 
48. 322, 000 
46, 712, 000 
52. 027, 000 



274, 156, 000 
173, 251, 000 
163, 296, 000 
167, 772, 000 



3,709 
2,568 
2,008 



18.26 
14.28 
11.35 
12.12 



6.12 

3.90 
3.21 
3.95 



274, 156, 000 
173, 251, 000 
163, 296, 000 
167, 772, 000 



44, 645, 000 
25, 772, 000 
14,631,000 
21,923,000 



44, 645, 000 
25, 772, 000 
14, 631, 000 
21,923,000 



92. 149, 000 
50,531,000 
34, 463, 000 
43, 220, 000 



92,149,000 
50, 531, 000 
34, 453, 0O0 
43, 220, 000 



19, 628, 000 
13, 038, 000 
7, 660, 000 
10, 968, 000 



19,628,000 
13, 638. 000 
7,660,000 
10,968,000 



6,025 
4.122 
2,938 
2,915 



7,838 
4,889 
3,128 
2,749 



1,947 
1.320 
1,659 



4.46 
2.34 
1.61 
2.91 



11.85 
7.30 
5.37 
5.62 



3,776 
2,270 
1,327 
1,610 



30.97 
22.21 
15.15 
16.97 



5.62 
3.58 
2.33 
2.90 



FARM-MORTGAGE DEBT 



27 



Table 2. — Number, Acreage, and Value of Farms Operated by Full Owners, by Mortgage Status, by Divisions and States: 

1940-56— Continued 

[For 1956 and 1950, no data arc Included for the District of Columbia; for 1945 and 194(1, District of Columbia data are Included witli Maryland] 



Area and mortgage status 



Por- 
ccnt 
distri- 
bution 



Increase or 

decreaso (— ) 

from preceding 

Census 



cent 
distri- 
bution 



Value of land and buildings 



Per- 
cent 
distri- 
bution 



Amount of mortgage debt 



MOUNTAIN— Continued 

Colorado 

Ulfarms 1950.. 

1950.. 
1945 ._ 
1940 .. 

Free from debt.. 1956- 

1950- 

1945.. 
1940- 

Mortgaged 1956— 

1950- 
1945- 
1940- 



.195ti. 
1950 
1945. 
1940. 



Free from debt ..1956. 

1950. 
1945- 
1940. 

Mortgaged 1956- 

1950 
1945 
1940 



.1956.. 

1950- 
1945- 
1940- 

.1956- 
1950.. 
1945- 
1940- 

.1956- 
1950.. 
1945- 
1940- 



Free from debt. 



Free from debt. 



..1956- 

1950.. 
1945- 
1940- 

..1956.. 

1950- 
1945- 
1940- 



Moil gaged. 1956.. 

1950- 
1945.. 
1940. . 



All farms __1956__ 

1950- 
1945. . 
1940- 

Free from debt 1956.. 

1950.. 
1945- 
1940- 

Mortgaged 1956.. 

1950.. 
1945- 
1940- - 



20, 93S 


100.0 


-2, 644 


-11.2 


23, 5S2 


100.0 


596 


2.6 


22, 986 


100.0 


601 


2.7 


22, 385 


100.0 








11,453 


64.7 


-2, 326 


-16.9 


13. 779 


58.4 


-902 


-6.1 


14. 6S1 


63.9 


3,735 


34.1 


10, 946 


43.9 






9,485 


45.3 


-318 


-3.2 


9,803 


41.6 


1,498 


18.0 


8,305 


36.1 


-3, 134 


-27.4 


11,439 


51.1 






12, 769 


100.0 


-1,764 


-12.1 


14. .533 


100.0 


-3, 699 


-20.3 


18. 232 


100.0 


-3,932 


-17.7 




loo.o 

69.7 






8,900 


-1,910 


-17.7 


10,810 


74.4 


-5, 093 


-32.0 


15. 903 


87.2 


-2, 20S 


-12.2 




81.7 
30.3 






3,869 


140 


3.9 


3,723 


25.6 


1,394 


59.9 


2,329 


12.8 


-1, 724 


-42.5 


4,053 








5,727 


100.0 


-991 


-14.8 


6,718 


100.0 


-2, 346 


-25.9 


9,064 


100.0 


-4, 825 


-34.7 


13,889 








3,198 


55.8 


-1,034 


-24.4 


4,230 


63.0 


-2,319 


-35. 4 


6, 549 


72.3 


-4, 517 


-40.8 


11, 066 


79.7 
44.2 






2,531 


43 


1.7 


2,488 


37.0 


-27 


-1.1 


2,515 


27.7 


-308 


-10.9 


2,823 


20.3 






15, 703 


100.0 


-1,151 


-6.8 


10,851 


100.0 


-1,629 


-8.8 


18, 483 


100.0 


1,173 


6.8 


17, 310 








9.312 


59.3 


-1,431 


-13.3 


10, 743 


63.7 


-1,796 


-14.3 


12, 539 


67.8 


4,120 


48.9 


8,419 


48.6 






6,391 


40.7 


280 


4.6 


6,111 


36. 3 


167 


2.8 


5,944 


32.2 


-2,947 


-33.1 


8,891 


51.4 







2,118 


100.0 


-305 


-12.0 


2,423 


100.0 


-219 


-8.3 


2.642 


100.0 


14 


0.5 


2,628 








1,076 


50.8 


-568 


-34.5 


1,644 


67.8 


-246 


-13.0 


1,890 


71.5 


233 


14.1 


1,657 


63.1 
49.2 






1,042 


263 


33.8 


779 


32.2 


27 


3.6 


752 


28.6 


-219 


-22.6 


971 


36.9 







8,949,013 
!). 237, SOU 
7,11111.128 
0, 018, 678 

4,116,546 
5.530.800 
4. 427, 228 

2, 910, 377 

4, 832, 467 

3, 707, 000 
3. 188,900 
3, 70S, 301 



7, 1113, mill 

7, 725. 000 

8, 702. 0S5 

9, 771, 742 

4, 404, 273 

5, 156, 400 

0,921, 9.85 
7, 466, 296 

2, 699, 393 

2. 509. 200 
1,780.700 
2,3115.410 



2, 597, 682 
3,00:1.00(1 

1. 534. 2.87 
9, 748, 045 

1. 127. 394 

2, 129, 000 

1,150,087 
9, 185, 620 

1, 470, 288 
877, 000 
377, 600 
562, 425 



3,188.338 
3, 685, 000 
3, 694. Ill 
3, 266, 028 

1,887,496 
2. 297. 300 
2,370.011 
1, 505, 848 

1, 300, S42 
1.388,300 
1, 324. 400 
1, 700, 180 



2,611,773 
2.332, 100 
1,532,780 
1,416,589 

1, 240, 592 

1,245,1100 

1.018,380 

725, 595 

1,371.181 

1, 147. 100 

514, 400 

690, 994 



100. 
100. 
100.0 
100.0 



54.0 
40.1 
41.9 
56.0 



100. 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 

62.0 
66.7 
79.5 
76.4 



bin. o 
100. 
100.0 

ioo.o 

43.4 

70.8 
75.4 



100. 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 



100. 
100.0 
101). 
100. 



427.4 
391.7 
831. 3 
295.7 

359. 4 
401. 4 
30l.fi 
206.9 

509.5 
378.1 
384.0 
324.2 



550. 3 
531.0 
477.3 
440.9 

494.9 
477.0 
435. 3 
412.3 

697.7 
690. 1 
704. 
508.8 



352.8 
503.3 
176.6 
830.1 



203. 
218.7 
199. 9 

188. 7 



1, 153. 
757. 3 
53S. 8 
437.9 

1,315.9 

1, 472. 5 
684. 
711.6 



564. 207, 000 
401, 950, 000 
189,116,080 
135, 917, 512 

253, 329, 000 
224, 814, 000 
110, 893. 080 
54, 049, 809 

310, 878, 000 
177, 130, 000 
78, 223, 000 
81, 867, 703 



341.265,000 
200. 335, 000 
100, 929, 854 
70, 552, 396 

209. 878, 000 
125, 425, 000 
74, 717, 854 
41, 219, 689 

131. 387, 000 
74, 910, 000 
26, 212, 000 
29, 332, 707 



231, 649, 000 
155, 120, 000 
101,071,297 
59,264,411 

110, 960. 000 
88, 432, 000 
67, 279. 297 
30, 914, 538 

120, 639. 000 
63, 688, 000 
33, 792. 000 
28, 319, 873 



289, 797, 000 
273, 040, 000 
14S, 391, 277 
92, 773, 212 

149, 245, 000 
159. 329. 000 
92, 966, 277 
35, 007, 288 

140, 552, 000 
113.711,000 
55, 425, 000 
67, 765, 924 



119,051.000 
74, 072, 000 
30, 399, 299 
27, 500. 481 

57, 740, 000 
42, 560, 000 
23, 616, 299 
12, 159, 609 

61,311.000 
31,512,000 
12, 783, 000 
15, 340, 872 



100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100. 



55.1 
44.1 
111 
60.2 



ioo.o 

100.0 
100.0 
100.0 

61.5 
62.6 
74.0 
58.4 

33.5 
37.4 
20.0 
41.6 



100.0 
100.0 
100.0 



47.9 
57.0 
66.6 
52.2 

62.1 
43.0 
33.4 

47. S 



100 
100. 
100. 
100.0 

51.5 
58.4 
62.6 
37.7 

43.5 
41.6 
37.4 
62.3 



100. 
100. 
100. 

100.0 



51.5 
42.5 
3.5.1 
55.8 



22, 110 
16. 310 
7, 554 
4,938 

32, 776 

18.07(1 
9,419 
7,157 



20,, 72(1 
13.7.85 
5. 530 
3,183 

23, 5S2 
11,003 



:;:;. o.vj 

20.121 
11,255 
7,237 



10.449 
23,09(1 
11,151 
4,267 

34, 718 

20,9(10 
10, 273 
2,794 

47, 684 

20, 8()4 
13, 130 
1(1,012 



18,455 
10.201) 
8, 029 



10,027 
14,831 
7,414 
4, 158 

21,992 

18, li()8 
9. 325 
6,497 



50.2(19 
311, 570 
13, 777 
10,464 

53, 662 
25. 8 vS 
12, 195 
7,333 

58, 840 

10.452 
10, 9 '9 
15.799 



03 05 
43.51 
21. S3 
20.64 

01.54 

40.05 
25.05 



48.04 
25. 93 
11.60 
7.22 

47.65 
21. 32 
10.79 
5.52 

48.67 
29. 10 
14.72 
12.72 



89.18 
51. 60 

05. 88 



98. 42 
41.54 
58.17 
3.37 

82.09 
70. 04 

.89 49 
50. 41 



90. 89 
74.08 
40.17 
28. 11 



108 05 
81. 92 
41. S5 

33. 95 



45.53 
30.97 
23.75 
19.41 

46.54 
34. 18 
23. 19 
16.76 

44.71 

27.47 

21.85 
22.20 



89, 222, 000 
48,813.0110 
20.361,000 
34, 667, 000 



4, 201 
2,070 
1,147 
1,544 



9.97 
5.28 
3.46 
5.22 



89, 222, 000 
48, 813, 000 
26,361.000 
34, 507, 000 



30, 350, 000 
19, 005. 000 

7, 103, 000 

8, 913, 000 



18. 40 
13. 17 
8.27 



4.27 
2.46 
0.82 
0.91 



30, 350, 000 
19, 005, 000 

7, 103, 000 

8, 913, 000 



27, 758. 000 
18, 935, 000 
9, 023, 000 
9, 476, 000 



27, 75S, 000 
18, 935, 000 
9, 023, 000 
9, 476, 000 



39, 354, 000 
28, 080, 000 
15, 741, 000 
23, 396, 000 



39, 354, 000 
28. 000, 000 
15,741,000 
23, 396, 000 



15, 941, 000 
9,781,000 
3, 745, 000 
5, 966, 000 



15,941.000 
9, 781, 000 
3, 745, 000 

5.90, ,,0(10 



7. 844 
5, 105 
3, 050 
2,199 



11.24 
7.40 
3.99 
3.87 



6, 158 

4. 592 
2.04S 

2,031 



7. 520 
4,037 
1,417 
2,270 



18. .88 
21. 59 
23. 90 
10.85 



12.34 
7.61 
4.26 
7.16 



30.25 
20.21 
11. S9 
13.70 



4.09 
2.44 
4.21 



11.63 
8.53 
7.2S 



28 



FARM-MORTGAGE DEBT 



Table 2. — Number, Acreage, and Value of Farms Operated by Full Owners, by Mortgage Status, by Divisions and States: 

1940-5(5 — Continued 



[Fc 


r 1956 and 1950, no 


data are included for the District of Columbia; for 1945 and 1940, District of Columbia 


data are 


included -with Maryland] 








atus 


Farms 


Land in farms 


Value of land and buildings 


Amount of mortgage debt 


Area and mortgage s 


Number 


Per- 
cent 
distri- 
bution 


Increase or 

decrease (— ) 

from preceding 

Census 


Acres 


Per- 
cent 
distri- 
bution 


Aver- 
age 
per 
farm 

(acres) 


Dollars 


Per- 
cent 
distri- 
bution 


Average value 
(dollars) 


Dollars 


Average debt 
(dollars) 


Ra- 
tio 


Per 
farm 


Per 
acre 


Per 
farm 


Per 
acre 


to 
value 




Number 


Per- 
cent 


(per- 
cent) 


PACIFIC 
Washington 
All farms 


1956.. 
1950. . 
1945. . 
1940.. 

1956.. 
1950. . 
1945. . 
1940.. 

1956. . 
1950- . 
1945- 
1940.. 

1956- 
1950.. 
1945.. 
1940. . 

_1956._ 
1950.. 
1945.. 
1940.- 

.1956.. 
1950.. 
1945.. 
1940. . 

.1956.. 
1950 . - 
1945.. 
1940.. 

.1956.. 
1950.. 
1945.. 
1940.. 

1956.. 
1950. _ 
1945.. 
1940-. 


48, 723 
53,284 
61, 280 
58, 083 

26,846 
34, 229 
43, 245 
30, 555 

21, 877 

19, 055 
18, 035 
27,528 

41, 250 

46, 069 
47,847 
42, 296 

22, 852 
28, 978 
31, 862 
21, 500 

18,398 
17, 091 
15, 985 

20, 796 

88,870 
100, 834 
102, 948 

89,843 

47, 545 
60, 363 
60,488 
43, 675 

41, 325 

40, 471 
42,460 
46,168 


100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 

55.1 
64.2 
70.6 
52.6 

44.9 
35.8 
29.4 
47.4 

100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 

55.4 
62.9 
66.6 
50.8 

44.6 
37.1 
33.4 
49.2 

100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 

53.5 
59.9 
58.8 
48.6 

46.5 
40.1 
41.2 
51.4 


-4, 561 

-7,996 

3,197 


-8.6 

-13.0 

5.5 


4, 430. 688 

4, 842, 700 

5, 002, 954 
4, 687, 058 

2, 410, 294 
2, 812. 500 
3, 150, 854 
2, 108, 633 

2, 020, 394 
2, 030, 200 

1, 852. 100 

2, 578, 425 

7, 89S, 950 
8, 085. 000 
7, 707, 577 

6, 370, 403 

4, 044, 262 
4, 712. 000 
4, 001. 877 

2, 586, 693 

3, 854, 688 
3, 373, 000 

3, 705, 700 
3, 783, 710 

10. 770, 095 
11,335.500 
11, 188, 885 
9, 008. 563 

6, 305, 126 
6, 924, 600 
6, 127, 485 
4, 317, 952 

4, 404, 969 

4, 410, 900 
5,061,400 
4, 690, 611 


100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 

54.4 
58.1 
63.0 
45.0 

45.6 
41.9 
37.0 
55.0 

100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 

51.2 
58. 3 
51.9 
40.6 

48.8 
41.7 
48.1 
69.4 

100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 

59.1 
61.1 
54.8 
47.9 

40.9 
38.9 
45.2 
52.1 


90.9 
90.9 
81.6 

80.7 

89.8 
82.2 
72.9 
69.0 

92.4 
105.5 
102.7 

93.7 

191.5 
175.5 
161.1 
150.6 

177.0 
162.0 
125.6 
120.3 

209.5 
197.4 
231.8 
181.9 

121.2 
112.4 
108.7 
100.3 

133. 9 
114.7 
101.3 
98.9 

106.6 
109.0 
119.2 
101.6 


1, 009, 962, 000 
711, 517, 000 
455. 283, 519 
296, 218, 872 

532, 250, 000 
433, 849, 000 
305, 076, 519 
132, 165, 537 

477, 712, 000 
277, 668. 000 
149, 207, 000 
164, 053, 335 

891.894,000 
689. 4S2, 000 
393. 929, 332 
250,985,111 

462, 001, 000 
416, 831, 000 
241, 367. 332 
105, 955, 293 

429, 893, 000 
272, 651, 000 
152, 562, 000 
145, 029, 818 

4, 099, 733, 000 
2, 753, 540, 000 
1, 847, 893, 039 
1, 052, 978, 341 

2, 209. 756, 000 

1, 644, 906, 000 

1, 087, 570, 089 

459, 205, 400 

1, 889. 977, 000 

1, 10S, 634, 000 

760, 323, 000 

603, 772, 941 


100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 

52.7 
61.0 
67.2 

44.6 

47.3 
39.0 
32.8 
55.4 

100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 

51.8 
60.5 
01.3 
42.2 

48.2 
39.5 
38.7 
57.8 

100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 

53.9 
59.7 
58.9 
43.2 

46.1 
40.3 
41.1 
66.8 


20, 729 

13, 353 
7,430 
5,100 

19, 826 
12, 675 
7,078 
4,325 

21, 836 

14, 572 
8,273 
5,950 

21, 622 
14, 9oli 
8,233 
5, 934 

20, 217 
14, 334 
7,575 
4,928 

23, 366 
15,953 
9,544 
6,974 

46, 132 
27, 308 
17, 950 
11,832 

46, 477 
27, 250 
17, 980 
10, 514 

45, 734 
27, 393 
17, 907 
13, 078 


227. 95 
143. 93 
91.00 
63.20 

220. 82 
154. 26 
97.14 
62.68 

236.44 
136. 77 
80.56 
63.63 

112. 91 
85. 28 
51.11 
39.40 

114. 24 
SS.46 
60.31 
40.96 

111.52 
80.83 
41.17 
38.33 

380. 66 
242. 91 
165.15 
118. 00 

347. 17 
237. 54 
177. 49 
106. 35 

429. 06 
251. 34 
150. 22 
128. 72 


140, 447, 000 
79, 597, 000 
45, 359, 000 
59, 979, 000 


2,883 

1,494 

740 

1,033 


31.70 

16.44 
9.07 
12.80 


13.9 
11.2 
10.0 
20.2 




-7, 383 
-9, 016 
12, 690 


-21.6 

-20.8 

■11.5 




































2,822 

1,020 

-9, 493 


14.8 

5.7 

-34.5 


140, 447, 000 
79, 597, 000 
45, 359, 000 
59, 979, 000 

128, 968, 000 
77, 040. 000 
44, 853, 000 
50, 867, 000 


6,420 
4,177 
2,515 
2,179 

3,126 

1,672 

937 

1,203 


69.51 
39.21 
24.49 
23.26 

16.33 
9.53 

5.82 
7.98 


29.4 

28.7 
30.4 
36.6 


Oregon 
All farms 


-4, 819 

-1,778 

5,551 


-10.5 
-3.7 
13.1 


14.5 
11.2 
11.4 
20.3 


Free from debt 


-6. 126 
-2,884 
10, 362 


-21.1 
-9.1 
48.2 
































Mortgaged. __ 


1,307 

1,106 

-4,811 


7.6 

6.9 

-23.1 


128,968,000 
77, 040, 000 
44. 853, 000 
50, 867, 000 

476, 274, 000 
277, 428, 000 
187, 800, 000 
212, 947, 000 


7,010 

4.508 
2,806 
2,446 

5,359 
2,751 
1,824 
2,370 


33. 46 
22. 84 
12.10 
13.45 

44.22 
24.47 
16.78 
23.64 


30.0 
28.3 
29.4 
35.1 


California 
All farms 

Free from debt 


-11,964 
-2,114 
13, 105 

-12,818 
-125 
16, 813 


-11.9 
-2.1 
14.6 

-21.2 
-0.2 
38.5 


11.6 
10.1 
10.2 
20.0 






























Mortgaged 


854 
-1, 989 
-3, 70S 


2.1 
-4.7 
-8.0 


476, 274, 000 
277, 428. 000 
187, 800, 000 
212, 947, 000 


11. 525 
6,855 
4,423 
4,612 


10S. 12 
62. 90 
37.10 
45.40 


25.2 
25.0 
24.7 
35.3 











FARM-MORTGAGE DEBT 



29 



Table 3. — Number, Acreage, and Value of Owned Portion of Farms Operated by Part Owners, 1 by Mortgage Status, 

by Divisions and States: 1940-56 

[For 1950 and 15150, no data arc Included for the District of Columbia; for 1946 and 1940, Dlsl riot of Columhla data arc Included with Maryland] 



Area and mortgage statu 



Per- 
cent 
distrl- 

I'liliiin 



Increase nr 

da reasi i i 

front preceding 

Census 



cent 
distrl- I [arm 
button (acres) 



Value of land and buildings 



Per- 
cent 

distri- 
bution 



Amount of mortgage debt 



value 
(per- 
cent) 



UNITED STATES 

All farms 1956. 

1950. 
1945. 
1940. 



Free from debt. 



.1956.. 
1950.. 
1945.. 
1940.. 



.1956.. 
1950.. 
1945.. 
1940 



All farms 1956- 

1950- 
1945- 
1940- 

Free from debt- 1956- 

1950.. 
1945.. 
1940- 

Mortgaged 1956— 

1950.. 
1945.. 
1940- 

Middle Atlantic 

All farms ..1956- 

1950- 
1945- 
1940- 

Free from debt 1956— 

1950- 
1945- 
1940- 

Mortgaged 1956.. 

1950.. 
1945- . 
1940.. 

East North Central 



Free from debt. 



..1956 
1950- 
1945. 
1940 

-1950- 
1950. 
1945- 
1940- 



West North Central 

ill farms.. 1956. 

1950. 
1945. 
1940. 

Free from debt 1956. 

1950. 
1945. 
1940. 

Mortgaged 1956- 

1950. 
1945. 
1940.. 



868, I'M I 

824. 921 
liliO. 5(I'J 



499.911 
543, 411', 
386, 573 
278, 023 



13, 867 
11, 784 
9,370 
7,061 



7,420 
5,404 
4,604 

4, (192 



42, 212 
36, 9.87 
35. S13 
24,440 

23,623 
22, 736 
21, 527 

11, 779 

IS, 589 
14.251 
14, 286 

12, 661 



152,869 
144. 522 
134, 460 
114.813 



62, 95.5 
60. 466 
57, 451 
64,447 



221, 368 

220. 872 
2114, 9118 
176, 304 

119,039 
140,470 
100. 243 
58,097 

102, 319 
80, 402 
104, 665 
118,207 



100. 

100. 
100.0 
100.0 



65.9 
68.5 
45.3 

42.4 
34.1 
41.5 
64.7 



100. 

100.0 
100. 
100.0 



54.1 
50.9 
42.0 



100. 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 

66.0 
61.5 
60.1 
48.2 



100.0 
100. 
100.0 
100. 

58.8 
65.1 
57.3 
43.9 

41.2 
34.9 
42.7 
56.1 



100. 
100.0 
100. 

100.0 



46.2 
36.4 
61.1 
67.0 



43. 259 
164.419 
45, 463 



-43. 535 
156, 873 
107. '.15(1 



86. 794 
7.546 

-62, 487 



2. 083 
2,414 

2, 309 



6,225 
1,174 
11, 373 



8,347 
10, 062 
19, 647 



-4, 142 
17. 047 

2i'., (',43 



12, 489 
-6, 985 
-6, 996 



-21,431 
40, 227 
42, 140 



21.917 
-24, 263 

-13.512 



261.030. 902 
228. 303. 500 
192,259, 118 
144,039,031 

143,944.213 
138,224.300 
102,361.604 
50, 757, 221 



17.7 
25.8 
32.7 



37.3 
17.4 

12.5 



24.7 
-12.2 
-10.9 



-15.3 
40.1 

72.5 



27.3 
-23.2 
-11.5 



2, 175. 790 

1.648,400 

1,055,450 

751, 118 

974, 396 
901, 100 
547. 330 



1.201,394 
743. 300 
508, 100 
434, 318 



5, 339. 405 
4,218,500 
3, 709, 336 
2, 279, 769 

2, 786, 747 
2. 483. 100 
2, 167. 436 
1, 037, 248 

2, 552, 718 
1, 735, 400 
1.541,900 
1. 242, 521 



9. 085, 70 ) 
7,392.712 
4,191.515 

7, 052, 448 
5,402.30(1 
6. 317. 460 

0. 224. 365 



70, 37:',. 207 
64, 702. 600 
58. 638. 340 
43, 422, 666 

38,445,112 
40, 287. 400 
27, 436, 486 
12, 801, 958 

31, 928, 095 
24, 415, 200 
31, 201, 854 
30, 620, 708 



100, 

ioo. o 
loo. o 

100. 



(ill..-, 

53.2 
35.1 

44.9 
39.5 
46.8 
64.9 



100. o 

100. 
100.0 
100. 

44.8 
51.7 
51.9 
42.2 

55.2 
45.3 
48.1 
57.8 



100. 

loo.o 

100. 
100. 



41.1 
41.6 
54.5 



100. 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 

57.6 
62.7 
53.9 
40.2 

42.4 
37.3 
46.1 
59.8 



100. 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 

54.6 
62.3 
46.8 
29.5 

45.4 
37.7 
53.2 
70.5 



270. S 
291.1 

235. 2 

287. 9 

254. 3 
264.8 
182.2 

317.9 
320.0 
328. 2 
279.1 



126.5 
114.1 
103.6 
93.3 

118.0 
109. 2 
100.7 



108.8 
100. 2 
102.0 
90.7 

106.5 
96. 6 

96.0 



112.0 
107.0 
110.0 



2(12 9 
280. 2 
246.3 

323.0 

286. 8 
273.7 
220.4 

312.0 
303. 7 
298. 1 

259. 



18, 963, 494, 000 
11,440. 118,000 

5, 898, S70, 554 
3, 564. 202, 228 

9,876.525 000 

6, 854. 840, 000 
3, 036. 149. 554 
1, 205, 799, 645 

9,086,969,000 

1. 585,278,000 

2, 862, 721,000 
2, 358, 402, 583 



100. 
100. 
100. 
101). I) 



47.9 

46 1 

48.5 



21,813 
13. .868 
8.931 
5,795 



24.675 
16 29(1 
10.451 
7.010 



72. 65 
50.11 
30. 6S 
24.64 

68.61 

49. 59 
29. 66 
23.76 



2,311,978.000 

1. 178,637,000 

875. 036, 000 

1.105,664,000 



270, 303 000 
167, 663, 000 
78, 235. 015 
47, 358. 333 

115.174.000 
85. 250, 000 
36,513,015 
17, 058, 054 

155, 129, 000 
82,413,000 
41, 722, 000 
30. 300, 279 



408, 493, 000 
274,761.000 
160, 509, 957 
64, 578, 854 

420, 249 000 
197. 065, 000 
122, 806, 600 
86, 459, 427 



3,071,561.000 

1. 870. 833, 000 

1, 184, 114, 564 

699, 379, 321 

1,701.226.000 

1. 166. 564, 000 

639, 346, 564 

265, 249, 510 

1, 370, 335, 000 
704. 269. 000 
544, 768, 000 
434,129,811 



4, 843. 708, 000 
3, 266, 438. 000 

1, 925, 50S, 704 
1,146.140,403 

2, 547, 873, 000 

1, 999, 582, 000 
882, 898, 704 
322, 896, 310 

2, 295, 835, 000 
1, 266, 856, 000 
1, 042. 610. 000 

823, 244, 093 



100.0 
100.0 
100. 
100.0 

42.6 

50.8 
46.7 
36.0 

57.4 
49.2 
53.3 
64.0 



100.0 
100.0 
1(10.0 
100. 



58.2 
56.7 
42.8 



100. 

100. 
100.0 
100.0 

55.4 
62.4 
54.0 



100.0 

ioo. o 

101). 
100. 



19.493 
14, 22S 
8. 350 
6,707 

17, 865 
13,362 
7.661 
5,745 



17, 292 
12,085 
7,456 
5,483 

22, 607 

13,828 
8, 596 
6. 829 



18,921 
12,403 

8, 302 
5,266 

21, 767 

13, 955 

9, 482 
6, 736 



21.. 882 
14. 789 
9,397 
6,501 



21,404 
14,235 

28i 2 5, 658 



22. 438 
15.757 
9.961 



38.8 
54.1 
71.8 



124, 23 
101.71 
74.13 
63. 05 

118.20 
94.61 
66. 71 



129. 12 
110.28 
82.11 
69.77 



155.21 
111.85 
76.38 
66. 25 

146. 58 
110.65 
74.06 
62.26 

164.63 
113.56 
79.65 

69. 58 



184. 72 

129. 13 
86.37 
67.15 

177. 66 
128. 40 
80. 48 
63. 28 

194. 31 

130. 36 
80. 23 



66.27 
49 63 
32.18 
25.22 

71.91 

51. 89 
33.42 

26. 89 



311,978,000 
1, 178, 637. 000 

875 036,000 
I, 105,664,000 



44, 880, 000 
22, 774, 000 
13, OSS, 000 
12, 639, 000 



115,061,000 
60,155,000 
42, 244, 000 
39, 235, 000 



115,061,000 
60, 155, 000 
42, 244, 000 
39, 236, 000 



369, 233, 000 
203, 828, 000 
164, 359. 000 
201, 103, 000 



369, 233, 000 
203. 828, 000 
104, 359. 000 
201. 103, 000 



603, 377, 000 
339, 714, 000 
354, 479, 000 
461,836,000 



608. 377. 000 
339, 714, 000 
354, 479, 000 
461, 836, 000 



1.429 
1.325 
1.798 



6, 278 
4.187 
3, 194 

3. 287 



3 236 
1 , 933 
1.397 
1,790 



6. 049 
4,214 
2, 843 
3,089 



2, 720 
1. 026 
1,180 
1, 605 



6, 190 
4,221 

2, 957 



2, 415 
1,410 
1. 222 
1,752 



5, 865 
4,039 
2,861 
2, 120 



5, 946 
4, 225 
3. 387 
3,907 



5.16 

4.55 
7.64 



19.75 
13.08 
9. 73 
11.78 



20. 63 
13.82 
12.40 
16. S3 



21.55 
14. 26 
11.39 
17.21 



34.66 
27.40 
31.58 



22.21 
14.07 
11.99 
19.31 



52.36 
37.73 
26. 02 
32.31 



8.65 
5.25 
6.05 
10.64 



19.05 
13.91 
11.36 
15.08 



1 The data for the rented portion of part-owner farms included in Table 4. 



30 



FARM-MORTGAGE DEBT 



Table 3. — Number, Acreage, and Value of Owned Portion of Farms Operated by Part Owners, 1 by Mortgage Status, 

by Divisions and States: 1940-56 — Continued 

[For 1956 and 1950, no data are included for the District of Columbia; for 1945 and 1940, District of Columbia data are included with Maryland] 



Area and mortgage status 



Per- 
cent 
distri- 
bution 



Increase or 

decrease (— ) 

from preceding 

Census 



Land in farms 



Per- 
cent 
distri- 
bution 



Aver- 
age 
per 

farm 



Value of land and buildings 




Amount of mortgage debt 



South Atlantic 

All farms 1956.. 

1950. . 
1945 .. 
1940.. 

Free from debt 1956-. 

1950. . 
1945- . 
1940. . 

Mortgaged 1956.. 

1950.. 
1945.. 
1940- . 

Bast South Central 

All farms 1956.. 

1950- 
1945.. 
1940.. 

Free from debt 1956-. 

1950- 

1945.- 
1940- 

Mortgaged ..1956.. 

1950- 
1945- 
1940- 

West South Central 

All farms — - 1956- 

1950- 
1945.. 
1940. . 



Mountain 
All farms 



.1950 
1950. 
1945. 
1940. 



1950- 
1945- 
1910. 



1956. 
1950. 
1945. 
1940. 



1950 
1945- 
1940. 



---1956. 
1950. 
1945- 
1940- 



115,504 
100. 489 
57, 915 
64,553 

73, 065 
73. 695 
44, 113 

41, 867 

42, 439 

26, 794 
13. S02 



urn. i3o 

97,736 
52, 090 
61,134 

69, 354 
69, 581 
30, 852 
37, 053 

40, 070 
28, 155 
15, 238 
24,081 



127,772 
83, 602 
90, 920 

75, 162 
85, 408 
54, 125 
46, 760 

50, 920 
42, 364 
29, 477 
44, 170 



49, 933 
49, 543 
51.202 
45, 504 



24, 575 

19, 441 

20, WIS 
27, 328 



17,949 
21,018 
17, 674 
11,566 

18, 976 
14,198 
13,408 
IS, 744 



100.0 


15,015 


14.9 


100.0 


42, 574 


73.5 


100.0 


-6, 638 


-10.3 


100.0 
63.3 






-630 


-0.9 


73.3 


29, 582 


67.1 


76.2 


2,246 


5.4 


64.9 

30.7 






15, 645 


58.4 


26.7 


12, 992 


94.1 


23.8 


-8, 884 


-39.2 


35.1 






100.0 


11,694 


12.0 


100.0 


45,646 


87.6 


100.0 


-9, 044 


-14.8 


100.0 
63.4 






-227 


-0.3 


71.2 


32, 729 


88.8 


70.7 


-201 


-0.5 


60.6 
36.6 






11,921 


42.3 


28.8 


12,917 


84.8 


29.3 


-8,843 


-36.7 


39.4 






100.0 


-1,690 


-1.3 


100.0 


44,170 


52.8 


100. 


-7,318 


-8.0 


100.0 






59.6 


-10,246 


-12.0 


66.8 


31, 283 


67.8 


64.7 


7,375 


16.8 


51.4 






40.4 


8,556 


20.2 


33.2 


12, 887 


43.7 


35.3 


-14,693 


-33.3 


48.6 






100.0 


390 


0.8 


100. 


-1,719 


-3.4 


100.0 


5,758 


12.7 


100.0 






50.8 


-4, 744 


-15.8 


60.8 


-162 


-0.5 


59.0 


12,088 


66.5 


39.9 






49.2 


5,134 


26.4 


39.2 


-1,557 


-7.4 


41.0 


-6, 330 


-23.2 


60.1 






100.0 


1,709 


4.9 


100.0 


4,134 


13.3 


100.0 


772 


2.6 


100.0 






48.6 


-3,069 


-14.6 


59.7 


3,344 


18.9 


56.9 


6,108 


62.8 








51.4 


4,778 


33.7 


40.3 


790 


5.9 


43.1 


-5, 336 


-28.5 


61.8 











13, 763, 909 
10. 757, 100 
5, 918, 427 

4, 659, 512 

8, 487, 077 
7, 033, 900 
3, 930, 627 

2, 470, 245 

5, 276. 832 

3, 72:!. 200 

1, 987, 900 

2, 1S9, 207 



10,991,737 
8,117,300 
4,133.971 
4, 279, 762 

6, 534, 288 

5, 290. 000 
2.428,371 
2, 123, 922 

4,457,449 
2.821,300 
1,705,600 
2, 155, 840 



42. 558, 962 
37, 777, 600 
20, 909, 671 
24, 826, 141 

25, 185, 606 
22, 076, 400 
14, 325, 571 



17,373,350 
15,701,100 
12, 674, 100 
16,318,031 



81,019,530 
70.234.100 
03, 276, 206 
41, 484, 809 

43, 221, 608 
41,217,500 

36, 356, 106 
15,223,611 

37, 797. 922 

29. 010. 000 
26.920,100 
26, 261, 198 



18,180,303 
16,30(1,000 
14,817.025 
12, 519, 374 

8, 733, 888 
9. 843, 200 

7, 777, 125 
4,083,812 

9, 446, 475 
6, 516, S00 
7. 040, 500 

8, 435, 562 



100.0 


119.2 


100.0 


107.0 


100.0 


102.2 


100.0 


72.2 


61.7 


116.2 


65.4 


95.4 


66.4 


89.1 


53.0 


59.0 


38.3 


124.3 


34.6 


139.0 


33.6 


144.0 


47.0 


96.5 


100.0 


100.4 


100.0 


83.1 


100.0 


79.4 


100.0 


70.0 


59.4 


94.2 


65.2 


76.1 


58.7 


65.9 


49.6 


57.3 


40.6 


111.2 


34.8 


100.2 


41.3 


111.9 


50.4 


89.5 


100.0 


337.5 


100.0 


297.7 


100.0 


323.0 


100.0 


273.1 


59.2 


335.1 


58.4 


258.5 


53.1 


264.7 


34.3 


182.0 


40.8 


341.2 


41.6 


370.6 


46.9 


430.0 


65.7 


369.4 


100.0 


1, 622. 6 


100. 


1,417.6 


100.0 


1, 234. 4 


100.0 


911.7 


53.3 


1, 704. 5 


58.7 


1, 369. 3 


57.5 


1,201.3 


36.7 


837.0 


46.7 


1, 538. 1 


41.3 


1, 492. 5 


42.5 


1, 282. 


63.3 


961.0 


100.0 


492.4 


100.0 


464.6 


100.0 


476.4 


100.0 


413.0 


48.0 


486.6 


60.2 


468.3 


52.5 


440.0 


32.6 


353.1 


52.0 


497.8 


39.8 


459. 


47.5 


525.1 


67.4 


450.0 



1,435.841,000 
695, 384, 000 
241, 516. 958 
171, 650, 822 

805, 228, 000 
452, 983, 000 
152, 594, 958 
86, 095, 825 

630, 613. 000 
242.401,000 
88. 922, 000 
84, 954, 997 



938, 354, 000 
525, 097, 000 
170,083,885 
128,561,940 

504, 671 , 000 
332, 354, 000 
95, 313, 885 
60, 405, 282 

433, 683, 000 
192, 743, 000 
75, 370, 000 
68, 156, 658 



3, 025, 777, 000 

1.767,233,000 

717, 537, 441 

484, 874, 226 

1,671,927,000 

1,024,968,000 

408, 667, 441 

168, 968, 798 

1,353,850,000 
742, 265, 000 
308, 870, 000 
315, 905, 428 



2,347,307,000 

1,3S5,359,000 

660,303,149 

342, 850, 795 

1,122,521,000 
792, 796, 000 
354,691,149 
105, 455, 091 

1, 224, 846, 000 
592, 563, 000 
305, 612, 000 
237, 395, 704 



2, 201, S41, 000 

1, 290, 285, 000 

637, 654, 881 

392, 348, 107 

999, 412, 000 
725, 582, 000 
305, 613, 881 
114, 491, 921 

1, 202, 429, 000 
564, 703, 000 
332, 041, 000 
277, 856, 186 



100. 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 



100.0 
100.0 
100. 
100.0 



63.3 
55.8 
47.0 



100.0 
100. 
100.0 

loo.o 

55.3 
58.0 
57.0 



44.7 
42.0 
43.0 
65.2 



100 
100.0 
100. 
100.0 

47.8 
57.2 
53.7 



52.2 
42.8 
46.3 



100.0 
100. 
100. 
100.0 

45.4 
56.2 
47.9 
29.2 

54.6 

43.8 
52.1 



12,431 
6, 920 
4,170 
2,659 

11,021 
6,147 
3,459 
2,071 



8,575 
5, 373 
3,277 
2,103 

7,277 
4,777 
2,586 
1,630 



22. 24 1 
12, 001 
7,550 
3,614 

26.58S 
17, 521 
10. 478 
7,152 



47.01(1 

27.no;; 

12,881 
7,538 

44, 267 
26, 337 
11,720 



50.0.(1) 
30. 000 
20,515 
12, 945 

55, 681 
34, 522 

17,202 



03,300 
30,773 
24,701 
14,824 



94. SS 
64.40 
38. 82 
35.10 



85.37 
64.69 
41.29 
30.04 

77.23 
62.76 
39. 25 
28.44 

97.29 
68.32 
44.19 
31.61 



71.10 
46.78 
26.58 
19.53 

66.38 
46. 43 
28.53 
19.86 



47.27 
24.37 
19.36 



28. 97 
19.72 
10.44 



25.97 
19.23 
9.76 
6.93 



114.43 
73.71 
39.30 
28.04 



86.65 
47.16 
32.94 



Average debt 
(dollars) 


Per 
farm 


Per 
acre 



165, 373. 000 
64, 1S7, 000 
27, 521, 000 
32, 062, 000 



165, 373, 000 
64, 187, 000 
27, 521, 000 
32, 062, 000 



140, 187, 000 
56, 987, 000 
24, 390, 000 
28, 551, 000 



140, 187, 000 
56, 987, 000 
24, 390, 000 
28,551,000 



310, 846, 000 
163, 837, 000 
87, 906, 000 
125, 216, 000 



310, S46, 000 
163, 837, 000 
87, 906, 000 
125, 216, 000 



301, 112, 000 
138, 045, 000 
80, 362, 000 
96, S4S, 000 



256, 909, 000 
129,110,000 
80, 687, 000 
108,174.000 



256,909,000 
129,110,000 
80, 687, 000 
108, 174, 000 



2.30;J 
1,994 
1,413 



3, 10.8 
2,024 
1,601 
1,186 



2.465 
1.2S2 
1,051 
1,377 



2, 780 
1, 568 
2,128 



12,200 
7,101 
3,827 
3,544 



6,95S 
3. 000 
2,596 
3,569 



12.01 
5.97 
4.65 
6.88 



12.75 
7.02 
5.90 
6.67 



31.45 
20.20 
14.30 
13.24 



3.72 
1.97 
1.27 
2.33 



27.20 
19.81 
11.46 
12.82 



i The data for the rented portion of part-owner farms Included in Table 4. 



FARM-MORTGAGE DEBT 



31 



Table 3. — Number, Acreage, and Value of Owned Portion of Farms Operated by Part Owners,' by Mortgage Status, 

by Divisions and States: 1940-56 — Continued 

[For 1959 and 1950, no data are included for tile District of Columbia; for 1945 and 1940, District of Columbia data are Included with Maryland! 





tatus 


Farms 


Land in farms 


Value of land and buildings 


Amount of mortgage debt 


Area and mortgage 


Numbei 


Per- 
cent 
distri- 
bution 


Increase or 

decrease (— ) 

from preceding 

Census 


Acres 


Per- 
cent 
distri- 
bution 


Aver- 
age 
per 
farm 
(acres) 


Dollars 


Per- 
cent 
distri- 
bution 


Average value 
(dollars) 


Dollars 


Average debt 
(dollars) 


Ra- 




Pit 
farm 


Per 
acre 


Per 
farm 


Per 
acre 


te 




Number 


Per- 
cent 


(per- 
cent) 


NEW ENGLAN 
Maine 
All farms. . 


D 

.1956-. 
1950- 
1945 - 
1940- 

1966.. 
1950- 
I945-. 
1940.. 

.1956.. 
1950.. 
1945.. 
1940. . 

1956. . 
1950. . 
1945.. 
1940- 

1956.. 
1950. . 
1945.. 
1940.. 

1956.. 
1950- 
1945 .. 
1940- 

.1956- 
1950- 
1945.. 
1940- 

1956.. 
1950- 
1945- 
1940- 

.1956.. 
1950- 
1945- 
1940.. 

.1956- 
1U50- 
1945.. 
1940.. 

1956- 
1950.. 
1945.. 
1940- 

.1956- 
1950- 
1945. . 
1940- 

1956.. 
1950.. 
1945- 
1940.. 

.1956- 
1950.. 
1945.. 
1940- 

1956.. 
1950- 
1945- 
1940- 


2,823 
2. 293 
1,900 
1,363 

1,640 

1,604 

1,205 

688 

1, 183 
789 
695 
675 

1,772 

1,490 

1,274 

694 

833 
880 
723 
36S 

939 
610 
551 
326 

3,553 
2,741 
1,567 
1,610 

1,382 

1,272 

803 

635 

2.171 

1,469 

764 

975 

2,623 
2,440 
1,903 
1,626 

1,207 

1,277 

711 

580 

1,416 
1,163 
1,192 
1.046 

341 
394 
433 

276 

142 
207 
215 
132 

199 
187 
218 
144 


100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 

58.1 
65.6 
63.4 
50. 5 

41.9 
34.4 
36.fi 
49.5 

100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 

47.0 
59.1 
56.8 
53.0 

53.0 
40.9 
43.2 
47.0 

100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 

38.9 
46.4 
51.2 
39.4 

61.1 
53.6 
48.8 
60.0 

100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 

46.0 
52.3 

37.4 
35.7 

54.0 

47.7 
62.6 

100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 

41. S 

52.6 
49.7 
47.8 

68.5 
47.5 
50.3 
52.2 


530 
393 
537 


23.1 

20.7 
39.4 


510, 938 
390, 500 
268, 988 
168,110 

288,680 
247, 300 
161,688 
83, 501 

222, 258 
143, 200 
107, 300 
84, 609 

311,997 

245, 200 
165, 876 

89, 721 

143, 639 
153, 100 
96,276 
44,555 

171, 358 
92, 100 
69,600 
45, 166 

744, 697 
609, 400 

246, 439 
245, 420 

268, 091 

247, 800 

119, 639 

87,917 

476, 606 
261, 600 
126,800 
157, 503 

289, 307 
239. 300 

137, 810 
105, 907 

138, 289 

120, 500 
54, 310 
41, 304 

151,018 
118, 800 
83, 500 
64,603 

20,119 
27, 500 
24, 313 
16, 757 

7,645 
12, 200 
11,713 

8,208 

12,474 
15,300 
12,600 
8,549 


100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 

56.5 
63.3 
60.1 
49.7 

43.6 
36.7 
39.9 
60.3 

100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 

45.6 
62.4 
58.0 
49.7 

54.4 
37.6 
42.0 
50.3 

100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 

36.0 
48.6 
48.5 
35.8 

64.0 
51.4 
51.5 
64.2 

100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 

47.8 
60.4 
39.4 
39.0 

62.2 
49.6 
60.6 
61.0 

100.0 

100. 
100. 
100. 

38.0 
44.2 
48.2 
49.0 

62.0 
55.8 
61.8 
61.0 


181.0 
170.3 
141.6 
123.3 

176.0 
164.4 
134.2 
121.4 

187.9 
181.6 
154.4 
125.3 

177.8 
164.6 
130 2 
129.3 

172.4 
174.0 
133.2 
121.1 

182.5 
151.0 
126.3 
138.5 

209.6 
185.8 
157.3 
152.4 

194.0 
194.8 
149.0 
133.6 

219.5 
178.1 
166.0 
161.6 

110.3 
98.1 
72.4 
65.1 

114.6 
94.4 

76.4 
71.2 

106.7 
102.1 
70.1 
61.8 

59.0 

69.8 
56.2 
60.7 

63.8 
58.9 
54.6 
62.2 

62.7 
81.8 
57.8 
59.4 


30, 448, 000 

22, 700, 000 
10,174,651 

5, 294, 059 

16,625,000 
13, 296, 000 

5, 728, 651 
2,210,714 

13,823,000 
9, 404, 000 
4, 446, 000 
3, 083, 345 

27, 655, 000 
15,177,000 

6, 760, 335 
3, 087, 538 

II, 892, 000 
8,751,000 

3, 626. 335 

1, 402, 904 

17,663,000 
6, 426, 000 
3,134,000 
1,684,634 

53,891.000 
32, 641, 000 
10. 095, 854 
8, 058, 251 

19, 616, 000 

15, 971, 000 

4, 921, 854 

2, 776, 291 

34, 275, 000 

16, 670, 000 
5, 174, 000 
5,281,960 

67, 320, 000 

35, 814, 000 

17, 774, 948 
11,940,575 

23, 444, 000 
18,795.000 

6, 647, 948 

3, 746, 660 

33, 876, 000 

20, 019, 000 
11, 127, 000 

8,193,915 

10, 997, 000 

7, 768, 000 
5, 003, 755 

2, 597, 202 

3, 794, 000 
2, 816, 000 
2, 383, 755 
1, 154, 409 

7, 203, 000 
4, 962, 000 
2, 620, 000 
1, 442, 793 


100. 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 

54.6 
58.6 
56.3 
41.8 

45.4 
41.4 
43.7 
58.2 

100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 

35.9 
67.7 
63.5 
45.4 

64.1 
42.3 
46.4 
54.6 

100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 

36.4 
48.9 
48.8 
34.5 

63.6 
51.1 
61.2 
65.5 

100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 

40.9 
48.4 
37.4 
31.4 

59.1 
61.6 
62.6 
68.6 

100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 

34.5 
36.2 
47.6 
44.4 

65.6 
63.8 
52.4 
55.6 


10, 786 
9, 900 
6,355 
3,884 

10, 137 
8,840 
4,754 
3,213 

11,685 
11,919 
6,397 
4,568 

15, 650 
10. 186 
5,306 
4,449 

11, 875 
9,944 
5,016 
3,812 

18, 810 
10, 534 

5,68S 
5,168 

15, 168 
11.908 
6,443 
5,005 

14. 194 

12, 556 
6,129 
4,372 

15,788 
11,348 
6,772 
5,417 

21,863 
15.907 
9,340 
7,344 

19,423 
14,718 
9,350 
6,460 

23,924 
17,213 
9, 335 
7,834 

32, 249 

19, 716 
11,556 

9,410 

26, 718 

13, 604 
11,087 

8,746 

36, 196 
26,481 
12,018 
10, 019 


69.59 
58, Hi 
37.83 
31.49 

67.59 
53. 76 
35.43 
26.48 

62.19 

65.67 
41.44 
36.44 

87.48 
61.90 
40.76 
34.41 

68.87 
57.16 
37.67 
31.49 

103. 08 
69.77 
45. 03 
37.30 

72.37 
64.08 
40.97 
32.83 

73.17 
64.45 
41.14 
31.68 

71.91 
63.72 
40.80 
33.54 

198.13 
162. 20 
128.98 
112.75 

169.53 
155.98 
122.41 
90.71 

224. 32 
168. 51 
133. 26 
126. 83 

546.60 
282. 47 
205. 81 
154.99 

496. 27 
230. S3 
203. 61 
140. 64 

577. 44 
323. 66 
207. 94 
168.77 


3, 967, 000 
2,888,000 
1, 320, 000 
1,601,000 


1,405 

1, 259 

695 

1,103 


7.76 
7.40 
4.91 
8.95 


13.0 
12.7 
13.0 


Free from debt 


130 
299 
617 


9.0 
24.8 
75.1 


































Mortgaged 


;;94 

94 
20 


49.9 
13.5 
3.0 


3. 967, 000 
2,888,000 
1,320,000 
1,504,000 

6, 652, 000 

1. 880, 000 

1,097,000 

709, 000 


3,353 

3,060 
1,899 
2,228 

3,190 

1,262 

861 

1,022 


17. 85 
20. 17 
12.30 
17.78 

17.94 
7.67 
6.61 
7.90 


28.7 
30.7 
29.7 


New Hampshire 
AU farms . 


282 
216 
580 


18.9 
17.0 
S3. 6 


20.5 
12.4 
16.2 


Free from debt 


-47 
157 
355 


-5.3 
21.7 
96.5 


































Mortgaged 


329 
59 
225 


53.9 
10.7 
69.0 


5, 652, 000 
1, 880, 000 
1,097,000 

709,000 

12, 645, 000 

6, 679, 000 

1, 056, 000 

2, 359, 000 


6,019 
3,082 
1,991 
2,175 

3,531 
2,072 
1,248 
1,466 


32.98 

20.41 
15.76 
15.70 

16.85 
11.16 
7.94 
9.61 


32.0 
29.3 
35.0 


Vermont 
All farms 


812 
1,174 
-43 


29.6 
74.9 
-2.7 


23.3 
17.4 
19.4 


Free from debt 


110 
469 
168 


8.6 
58.4 
26.5 


































Mortgaged.. 


702 

705 

-211 


47.8 

92.3 

-21.6 


12.645,000 
5, 679. 000 

1, 956, 000 

2, 359, 000 

9, 621, 000 
6. 124, 000 
3, 494, 000 

3, 709, 000 


5,778 
3,866 
2.560 
2,419 

3,668 
2,100 
1,836 
2,281 


26.32 

21.71 
15.43 
14.98 

33.26 
21.41 

25.35 
35.02 


36.6 
34.1 
37.8 


Massachusetts 
All farms 


183 
537 
277 


7.6 
28.2 
17.0 


16.8 
13.2 
19.7 


Free from debt 


-70 
566 
131 


-5.5 
79.6 
22.6 


































Mortgaged- 

Rhode Island 
All farms 


253 
-29 
146 

-53 
-39 

157 


21.8 
-2.4 
14.0 

-13.5 
-9.0 
86.9 


9,621,000 
6,124,000 
3, 494, 000 
3. 709, 000 

1,844,000 
931, 000 
731, 000 
582, 000 


6,794 
4,406 
2,931 
3,516 

5,408 
2,363 
1,688 
2,109 


63.71 
43.13 
41.84 
57.41 

91.65 
33.85 
30.07 
34.73 


28.4 
25.6 
31.4 
45.3 

16.8 
12.0 
14.6 




-65 
-8 
83 


-31.4 
-3.7 
62.9 


































Mortgaged 


12 

-31 

74 


6.4 

-14.2 

51.8 


1, 844, 000 
931. 000 
731, 000 
5S2.000 


9, 286 
4.979 
3, 353 
4,042 


147. 83 
60.85 
58.02 
68.08 


25.6 
18.8 
27.9 
40.3 



i The data for the rented portion of part-owner farms included in Table 4, 



32 



FARM-MORTGAGE DEBT 



Table 3. — Number, Acreage, and Value of Owned Portion of Farms Operated by Part Owners, 1 by Mortgage Status, 

by Divisions and States: 1940-56 — Continued 

[For 1956 and 1950, no data are included for the District of Columbia; for 1945 and 1940, District of Columbia data are included with Maryland] 



Area and mortgage status 



Per- 
cent 
distri- 

huHnn 



Increase or 

decrease (— ) 

from preceding 

Census 



Per- 
cent 
distri- 
bution 



Value of land and buildings 



Per- 
cent 
distri- 
bution 



Amount of mortgage debt 



NEW ENGLAND— Con. 



.1956 
1950.. 
1945. 
1940. 



Free from debt.. 



.1956. 

1950.. 

1945. _ 

1940- 

Mortgaged- .1956.. 

1950- 
1945- 
1940- 

MIDDLE ATLANTIC 



All farms .1956.. 

1950.. 
1945.. 
1940.. 

Free from debt 1956.. 

1950.. 
1945.. 
1940- . 

Mortgaged 1956.. 

1950. . 
1945. . 
1940.. 



All farms 1956- 

1950- 
1945.. 
1940- 

Free from debt. 1956- 

1950- 
1945.. 
1940- 

Mortgaged 1956— 

1950.. 
1945.. 
1940— 



All farms 1956.. 

1950- 
1945- 
1940- 

Free from debt 1956— 

1950- 
1945- 
1940- 

Mortgaged 1956— 

1950 

1945- 

1940- 

EAST NORTH CENTRAL 



.1956- 

1950- 
1945. _ 
1940.. 

.1956- 
1950- 
1945.. 
1940- 

.1956.. 
1950- 
1945.. 
1940.. 



Free from debt.. 



1.243 
1,210 

1,109 



21, 511 
18,934 
19, 045 
14, 128 

11, 896 
11,310 
10. 923 
6,273 

9,615 
7,624 
8,122 
7,855 



3,054 
3,221 

1,922 



1,477 
1,210 
1,547 
1.161 



17, 394 
14.999 
13, 547 
8, 390 



7,497 
5,387 
4.617 
3. 645 



IS, 427 
18, 527 
15, 830 
10,271 

11,881 
9,499 
9,005 

10, 761 



100.0 
100. 
100.0 
100.0 



ino.O 
100.0 
100.0 

55.3 

59.7 
57.4 
44.4 



100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 



44.7 
40.6 
48.0 



10(1 
100.0 
100,0 
100.0 

56.9 
64,1 
65.9 



43.1 
35.9 
34.1 
43.4 



100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 

60.8 
66.1 
63.7 



51.2 



2,282 
3.191 
3,803 



-100 
2. 697 
5,559 



13.6 
-0.6 
34.8 



586 


5.2 


387 


3.5 


4,650 


74.1 


1,991 


26.1 


-498 


-6.1 


267 


3.4 



19.1 
-19.8 
33.2 



16.0 
10.7 
61.5 



295. 732 
230, 599 
212,091 
125, 203 

128. 052 

129,290 
103, 791 
51,315 



3, 124, 312 
2, 468, 700 
2,233.197 
1, 462, 940 

1, 574, 653 

1, 421, 900 

1, 250, 467 

613, 806 

1, 549, 659 

1, 046, 800 

982, 700 

849, 134 



313. 158 
257, 300 
22S. 990 
130, 891 

164, 095 
140, 700 
105, 290 
47, 657 

149, 063 

111',, 990 
123, 700 
83,234 



1.901, 995 
1, 492, 500 
1, 247, 179 



1,017,999 
920, 500 
811,679 
375, 785 

853, 996 
672, 000 
435, 500 
310, 153 



2, 923. 799 
2, 523, 800 
2, 229. 443 
1, 679, 146 

1,751,338 

1,023,499 

1, 308, 743 

779, 384 

1,172,431 
900, 400 
917, 700 
899, 762 



100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 



100 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 



49.6 
42.4 
44.0 
58.0 



109.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 

62.4 
54.7 
46.0 
36.4 

47.6 
45.3 
51.0 
63.6 



190.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 

55.1 
61.7 
65.1 
54.8 

44.9 

38.3 
34.9 
45.2 



100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 



40.1 
35.7 
41.2 
53.6 



145.2 
130.4 
117.3 
103.5 

132.4 
125.7 
114.5 
97.8 

161.2 
137.3 
121.0 

108.1 



94.7 
84.3 
71.1 



95.0 
87.6 
82.7 
75.9 



90, 092, 000 
50. 563, 000 
28. 425, 472 
16, 380, 708 

41,803,000 
25 621,000 
13, 204, 472 
5, 767, 076 

48, 289, 000 
24, 942, 000 
15. 221. 000 
10. 013, 632 



419, 668, 000 
240. 105 000 
155. 007. 044 
91, 184, 609 

205, 218, 000 
139, 328, 000 
86.314.04* 
37, 390, 295 

214, 450, 000 
100. 777, 000 
68. 693. 000 
53, 794, 314 



123,024,000 
62, 773. 000 
37, 984, 581 
16, 919, 940 

63,111,000 
33, 981, 000 

18. 551. 581 
5. 904, 681 

69, 913, 000 
28, 792. 000 

19. 433. 000 
11.015.259 



286. 050. 000 
168, 948, 000 
90. 324, 332 
42, 933, 732 

140, 164, 000 
101, 452, 000 
55, 644. 332 
21, 283, 878 

145, 886, 000 
67, 496, 000 
34, 680, 000 
21,649,854 



606, 94S, 000 
357, 019, 000 
204, 385. 086 
121,254,995 

352, 030, 000 
224, 649, 000 
120, 389. 086 
53, 417, 153 

254, 918, 000 
132. 370, 000 
83, 996, 000 
67, 837, 842 



100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 



50.7 
46.5 
35.2 



100.0 
100. 
100.0 
100.0 



5X. 9 
55.7 
41.0 

51.1 
42.0 
44.3 
69.0 



100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 



45.9 
SI. 2 
65.1 



190.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 



60. 
61.6 
49.6 

51.0 
40.0 
38.4 
50.4 



100.0 
100.0 
10O.O 
100.0 



42.0 
37.1 
41.1 
55.9 



32. 701 
20. 812 

12,397 



33, 031 
20, 692 

11, 907 
10, 189 

31, 937 

21, 030 

12. 855 
11,462 



12,319 
7,902 
5,961 

22,304 
13.218 
8,458 



37, 201 
20. 554 
11,793 



31, 487 
18, 733 
11, 082 



40. 5.1 1 
23. 219 

12,502 



16. 445 
11,204 
6.667 
5,117 

14, 162 
10, 555 
6.231 



19. 4., 9 
12, 529 
7,511 
5,940 



20, 026 
12, 739 
8.230 
5,765 

19, 104 
12, 125 
7,605 
5,201 

21,456 
13.935 
9,328 
6,304 



304. 64 
213.80 
134. 08 
130.83 

326. 45 
213. 15 
127.33 
112.39 



134. 32 
97.26 
69.41 



138. 39 
96.27 
69.90 
63.35 



392. 85 
2 13 97 
165.88 
129.27 

384. 60 
241. 51 
176. 20 
123.90 

401.93 

2-10. 93 

157. 10 
132. 34 



133. 74 
119.21 
68.55 
56.64 



201.01 
13S. 38 
91. 99 
68.54 

217. 43 
147.01 
91.53 
75.40 



11.251,000 
6. 272, 000 
4, 490. 000 
3, 776, 000 



38.04 
26.52 
21.18 
30.16 



11,251,000 
6, 272. 000 
4, 490. 000 
3, 776, 000 



7,441 
5.288 
3.792 
4.07S 



2,742 
1.596 
1.244 
1.742 



67.10 
53.93 
41.46 
51.10 



18.88 
12.24 
10.61 
16.82 



58. 974, 000 
30. 226, 000 

23, 699. 000 

24, 613, 000 



13. 780, 000 
7, 722, 000 
6. 199, 000 
5, 019, 000 



4,167 
2,528 
1.925 
2,611 



38.06 
28.87 
24.12 



44.00 
30.01 
27.07 

3S.34 



13. 780. 000 
7, 722, 000 
6. 199, 000 
5,019,000 



42, 307, 000 
22, 207, 000 
12, 346, 000 
9, 603, 000 



9,330 
0.227 
4,007 



92.44 
66.23 
50.11 
60.30 



42, 307. 000 
22, 207, 000 
12, 346, 000 
9, 603, 000 



68, 828, 000 
40, 640. 000 
26, 627, 000 
30,391,000 



5,643 
4,122 
2.674 
2,635 



2,271 
1.450 
1,072 
1,445 



49. 54 
38.82 
28.35 
30.96 



23.54 
16.11 
11.96 
18.10 



68. 828, 000 
40, 649, 000 
26, 627, 000 
30, 391, 000 



5,793 
4,279 
2,957 
2,824 



45.15 
29.01 
33.78 



1 The data for the rented portion of part-owner farms included in Table 4. 



FARM-MORTGAGE DEBT 



33 



Table 3. — Number, Acreage, and Value of Owned Portion of Farms Operated by Part Owners, 1 by Mortgage Status, 

by Divisions and States: 1940-56 — Continued 

[For 1956 and 1950, no data are Included for the District of Columbia; for 1945 and 194(1, District of Columbia data are included with Maryland] 



Area and mortgage status 





Per- 


Number 


cent 




distri- 




bution 


30, 829 


100.0 


28,615 


100.0 


26, 891 


100.0 


23, 445 


100.0 


16, 925 


54.9 


17, 491 


61.1 


12, 821 


47.7 


8,925 


38.1 


13,904 


45.1 


11, 124 


38.9 


14, 070 


52.3 


14, 520 


61.9 


38.270 


100.0 


39, 771 


100.0 


35, 266 


100.0 


32, 826 


100.0 


25, 756 


67.3 


28,782 


72.4 


24.028 


68.1 


16, 607 


60.6 


12, 514 


32.7 


10, 989 


27.6 


11, 238 


31.9 


16, 219 


49.4 


29,163 


100.0 


27. 231 


100.0 


27, 096 


100.0 


21,383 


100.0 


16,681 


87.2 


17, 003 


62.4 


15, 201 


66.1 


9,028 


42.2 


12, 482 


42.8 


10.228 


37.6 


11,895 


43.9 


12, 355 


57.8 


24.299 


100.0 


20, 879 


100.0 


20, 372 


100. 


16, 127 


100.0 


12, 125 


49.9 


12, 253 


58.7 


9,129 


44.8 


5,535 


34.3 


12, 174 


50.1 


8,626 


41.3 


11, 243 


55.2 


10, 592 


65.7 


36, 171 


100.0 


34, 843 


100.0 


34, 354 


100.0 


29. 037 


100.0 


17, 290 


47.8 


20, 156 


57.8 


15, 192 


44.2 


9,829 


33.8 


18,881 


52.2 


14, 687 


42.2 


19, 162 
19,208 


55.8 
66.2 



Increase or 

decrease (— ) 

from preceding 

Census 



Per- 
cent 
distri- 
bution 



ValiH- of h'M nn! hull. lines 



Per- 
cent 
distri- 
bution 



Amount of mortgage debt 



All farms 1956.. 

1950.. 
1945. . 
1940- . 



Free from debt - 



Free from debt - 



Mortgaged. 



.1956.. 
1950- 
1945- . 
1940 .. 

.1956.. 
1950.. 
1945- 
1940. . 



19,50 
1950. 
1945. 
1940. 

.1956. 
1950- 
1945- 
1940- 

.1956. 
1950. 
194.5. 
1940. 



Free from debt- 



Mortgaged. 



.1956. 
1950. 
1945. 
1940. 

.1956. 
1950. 
1945. 
1940. 

.1956. 
1950. 
1945. 
1940. 



Free from debt.. 



Mortgaged. 



All farms 



Free from debt. 



.1956.. 
1950.. 
1945.. 
1940- 

.1956.. 
1950.. 
1945.. 
1940. . 

.1956.. 
1950.. 
1945- 
1940.. 



.1956.. 
1950- 
1045.. 
1940.. 

.1956 
1950 
1945.. 
1940- 



Mortgaged 1956 

1950 
1945 
1940 



2,214 
1,724 
3, 446 



-566 
4.670 

3, 896 



-:i.("r_Y, 
4,754 
7,421 



1.328 

489 

5,317 



25.0 
-20.9 
-3.1 



-in 5 
19.8 
44.7 



13.9 
-2.2 
-30.7 



-1.0 
34.2 
64.9 



-14. 2 
54.6 
32.7 



28.6 
-23.4 
-0.2 



2. 042. 337 
2, 03!), 01 III 
2, 579, 282 
1, 974, 410 

1,627.112 

1, 546, 300 

1, 152, 782 

680, 332 

1,315,225 

1,092.700 
1, 426, 500 
1, 294, 078 



4, 334. 037 

4. 035. 600 
3. 903, 732 

3, 292, 208 



1,551,585 
1, 245, 700 

1.302. 300 
1,823. 345 



3, 177, 477 

2, 778, 400 
2,674,934 
1, 844, 789 

1, 766, 677 

1,694,100 

1, 434, 034 

741, 871 

1, 410, 800 
1, 084, 300 
1, 240, 900 
1,102,918 



3, 250, 319 
2,511.200 
2, 325, 721 
1, 625, 267 

1,647,912 

1, 432. 000 

985, 721 

521,005 

1, 602, 407 

1,079,200 
1, 340, 000 
1,104,262 



6, 022, 048 
5,319.900 
5,162,941 
4, 050, 953 

2, 794, 230 
2.006.000 
2, 131, 941 

1, 156, 962 

3, 227, 818 

2, 413, 300 
3,031,000 
2, S93, 991 



100.0 
100. 
100. 
100.0 

65.3 
58.6 
44.7 
34.5 



41.4 
55.3 
65.5 



100. 
100. 
100. 
100.0 



80. 

35.7 
55.4 



100. 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 

55.6 
61.0 
53.6 
40.2 

44.4 
39.0 
46.4 



100.0 
100.0 
100. 
100.0 



57.0 
42.4 
32.1 

49.3 
43.0 
57.6 
67.9 



100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 

46.4 

54.6 
41.3 
28.6 



95.4 
92.2 
95. 9 



113.2 
101.5 
110.7 
100. 3 



124.0 
113.4 
123.9 
112.4 



105.9 
99.6 
94.3 
82.2 

113.0 

106.0 
104. 3 



133. 8 
120.3 
114.2 
100.8 

135.9 
116.9 

108 



131.6 
125.1 
119.2 
104.3 



152.7 
150.3 
139.5 

161.6 
144.2 
140.3 
117.7 

171.0 
164.3 
158.2 
150.7 



641,680,000 
376, 096, 000 
234,751,024 
132, 639, 320 

338, 807, 000 
216,924,000 
105, 426, 024 
44, 012, 734 

302,873,000 
159,172,000 
129, 325, 000 
88, 526, 586 



992, 353, 000 
627. 356. 000 
417, 344, 70S 
25S, 920, 767 

601. 366, 000 
429, 760, 000 
252, 742, 708 
100, 617, 488 

390. 987, 000 
197, 596, 000 
164, 602, 000 
15S, 303, 279 



479, 707, 000 
273, 954, 000 
181, 553, 454 
97, 214, 609 

246, 569. 000 
169,014,000 
100, 761, 454 
38, 884, 022 

233, 138, 000 
104, 940. 000 
80. 792, 000 
58, 330, 587 



3,50. S73. 000 
236. 408, 000 
146, 080, 292 
89, 449, 630 

162. 454, 000 
126, 217, 000 
60, 027. 292 
28,318,113 

188, 419, 000 
110,191.000 
86, 053, 000 
61.131,517 



657, 027, 000 
423, 758, 000 
276, 375, 585 
177, 964, 823 

285, 150. 000 
.•30, 471, 000 
110, 792, 585 
50, (587, 727 

371,877.000 
193, 287, 000 
165, 583, 000 
127,277,096 



100. 
100. 
100. 
100.0 



57.7 
44.9 
33.2 

47.2 
42.3 
55.1 



100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100. 



100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 

51.4 
61.7 
55.5 
40.0 

48.6 
38.3 

44.5 
60.0 



100. 
100.0 
100.0 

ioo.o 

46.3 
53.4 
41.1 
31.7 

53.7 
46.6 
58.9 
68.3 



100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 

43.4 
54.4 
40.1 
28.5 

56.6 
45.6 
59.9 
71.5 



20, KM 
13, 1 13 

8, 730 
5,653 

20, 018 
12.4112 

8. 223 
4,931 

21, 783 

14,300 

9, 192 



25 030 
15, 774 
11.83! 



23,310 
14,932 
10. 519 
6,059 

31,244 

17,981 
14, 647 
9,760 



14, 781 
9, 940 
6. 629 
4,307 

18. 678 

10.200 
6.792 
4,721 



14.440 
11,323 
7,171 
5,547 

13, 398 
10. 301 
6,575 
5,116 

15, 477 
12. 774 
7,654 
5,771 



21-1,00 
142. 51 
91.01 
67.13 

208.23 
110 20 
91.45 



230.28 
145. 67 
90. 66 
68.41 



228. 07 
155. 46 
106.01 
78.65 

216. 13 

154.04 
100 64 



2.5 1. oo 

158.02 

us 22 
86.82 



150. 97 
OS. 60 
67.87 
52.70 



H',-.. 2.5 
96.78 
65.11 
52.89 



107.0.5 
94.14 
62.81 
55. 04 



117.58 
102. 10 
64.22 
55.36 



109. 10 
79. 66 
53. 53 
43.93 

102. 05 
79.29 
51.97 
43.81 



16.192 
11,434 
7,293 
5,157 



io. 00 1 ; 

13, 160 
8, 641 54. 63 
6,626 I 43.98 



76,021,000 
41,505,000 
35, 823, 000 
37, 383, 000 



2. tor, 
1,450 
1.332 
1,594 



25 SI 
15.73 
13. 89 
18 03 



76.021.000 
41, 505. 000 
35. 823, 000 
37, 3S3, 000 



90, 709, 000 
50,766.000 
40, 492, 000 
70, 854, 000 



.5. 168 
3. 731 
2, 546 

2.575 



2.370 
1,276 
1,148 

2, 158 



.57. SO 
37 OS 
25 11 



20 03 
12.58 
10.37 

21.52 



90, 709, 000 
50,766,000 
40, 492, 000 
70, 854, 000 



65. 279, 000 
33, 475, 000 
26, 823. 000 
26, 529, 000 



7,249 

4, 021 
3.003 



.58. 10 
40.75 
20.08 



20. 54 
12. 05 
10. 03 
14.38 



65, 279, 000 
33, 475, 000 
26. 823, 000 
26, 529, 000 



68, 396. 000 
37, 433. 000 

34, 594, 000 

35, 946, 000 



3.273 

2,255 
2.147 



2,815 
1.793 
1. 60S 



21.04 
14.91 
14.87 
22. 12 



37, 433, 000 
34, 594. 000 
3.5, 946, 000 



109, 704, 000 
58, 072, 000 
62, 756, 000 
69, 784, 000 



4. 340 
3,077 
3, 394 



3.033 
1, 667 
1,827 
2,403 



42 OS 
34.69 
25. 82 
32. 55 



18.22 
10.92 
12. 16 
17.23 



109.704,000 
58. 072, 000 
62, 766, 000 
69, 784, 000 



5,810 
3, 954 
3, 275 
3,633 



34. 00 
24. 06 
20.70 
24.11 



1 The data for the rented portion of part-owner farms Included in Table 4. 



34 



FARM-MORTGAGE DEBT 



Table 3. — Number, Acreage, and Value of Owned Portion of Farms Operated by Part Owners, 1 by Mortgage Status, 

by Divisions and States: 1940-56 — Continued 

[For 1950 and 1950, no data arc included for the District of Columbia; for 1945 and 1949, District of Columbia data are Included with Maryland] 



Area and mortgage status 



Per- 
cent 
distri- 
bution 



Increase or 

decrease (— ) 

from preceding 

Census 



Land in farms 



Per- 
cent 
distri- 
bution 



Aver- 
age 
per 
farm 

(acres) 



Value of land and buildings 



Per- 
cent 

distri- 
bution 



Amount of mortgage debt 



value 
(per- 
cent) 



Free from debt.. 



Mortgaged. 



Free from debt. 



.1956.. 
1950- 
1945. . 
1940. 

.1956.. 
1950. 
1945 
1940 

.1956 
1950 
1945 .. 
1940. 



..1956 
1950- 
1945 
1940- . 



30, 581 
30, 229 
25, 195 
22, 410 

14, 924 
17, 129 
11,053 
7,292 

15, 657 
13, 100 
14,142 
15,118 



37, 742 
36, 674 
31,552 
29, 836 



-1956-. 20,947 
1950. . 25,622 
17, 717 
1940- - 11,901 



.1956. 
1950. 
1945. 
1940. 



North Dakota 



Free from debt.. 



i nr.f, 

1950 

1945- 

1940- 

.1956- 
1950. 
1945. 
1940. 

.1956. 
1950. . 
1945. 
1940 



South Dakota 



Free from debt.. 



.1956. 
1950. 
1945- 
1940. 

.1950. 
1950.. 
1945. 
1940. 



Free from debt. 



1951 1 

1950. 
1945. 
1940- 

Mortgaged 1956. 

1950. 
1945.. 
1940. 



16,795 
11,052 
13, 835 
17, 935 



25,488 
25, 493 
27, 775 
21, 740 

15, 140 
17, 664 
14, 028 



10, 348 
7,829 
13, 747 
15, 852 



24, 2S8 

25, 334 
24, 898 
18, 750 

12, 508 
15, 852 
10, 843 
5,978 



.1956.- 11,780 

1950. - 9,482 

1945. . 14,055 

1940.. 12,772 



26, 342 

27, 164 
24,603 
21, 497 



11,459 
10,206 
12, 225 
15, 085 



100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 



100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 



100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 



100.0 
109.0 
100.0 
100.0 

51.5 

62.6 
43.5 
31.9 



100.0 
1O0.O 
100.0 
100.0 

56.5 
62.4 
50.3 
29.8 

43.5 
37.6 
49.7 
70.2 



-2, 205 
6,076 
3,761 



2,557 

-1,042 

-976 



-4, 675 
7,905 
5,816 



5, 743 
-2, 783 
-4, 100 



-2, 524 

a, ran 
8,140 



-12.9 
65. 
51.6 



2,519 
-5,918 
-2, 105 



2,298 
-4, 573 
1,283 



3, 944, 401 
3, 541, 200 
3, 243, 978 
2, 716, 439 

1, 873, 590 

1, 907, 100 

1,254,178 

751,651 



5.807,067 
4, 914, 400 
4, 143, lbl 
3, 352, 154 



2, 497, 039 
1,926,400 
1, 981, 200 
2, 102, 131 



13,074,402 
12, 204, 9O0 
12, 123, 652 
7, 870, 013 

8, 040, 757 
8, 428, 200 
6, 346, 852 
2,053,120 

5, 033, 645 
3, 836, 700 

5, 776, 800 

6, 806, 893 



IS, 983, 032 
15. 268, 700 
12, 280, 804 
7, 340, 043 



-21.1 8,407,548 
46.2 9,232,100 
81. 4 6, 885. 450 
2, 327, 276 



62.0 
-20.1 
-22.9 



(s0 

-8.2 
27.8 



-14.3 
25.9 
138.2 



24.2 

-32.5 

10.0 



-3.0 
10.4 
3, 106 14. 4 



1,253 
-2,019 

-2,860 



-12.2 
37.0 
93.0 



02.3 
-16. 5 
-19.0 



7, 576, 384 
6, 036,, 6iin 
6, 395, 354 
5, 012, 767 



100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 



5, 983. 528 
4, 632, 400 

6, 120, 700 

7, 043, 404 



100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 



100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 



10". 
100.0 
100 
100.0 

52.6 

60.5 
47.9 



47.4 
39.5 
52.1 
68.3 



12. 895. 534 100. 

11,900,900 100.0 

11,472,950 100.0 

!), 992. 439 100. 



6,912,006 
7, 268, 500 
6, 352, 250 
2, 949, 035 



61.1 
46.7 
29.5 



129.0 
117.1 
128.8 
121.2 

125.5 
111.3 
113.5 
103.1 

132.3 

124.7 
140.7 
130.0 



158.0 
116.6 
122.0 
105.0 

148.7 
174.3 
143.2 
117.2 



513.0 
481.1 

436.5 
362. 

531.1 
477.1 
452.4 



4S6.4 
490.1 
420.2 
366. 3 



672. 2 
582. 4 
542.8 



464.4 
428.6 
432.4 
459.9 

522.2 
453.9 
500.7 



795,891,000 
554, 623, 000 
345, 354. 376 
226, 520, 091 



423, 414, 000 
250, 529, 000 
211,262,000 
165, 922, 124 



505, 611, 000 
310, 204, 000 
187, 016, 459 
113,155,036 

275, 558, 000 
184, 699, 000 
94, 910, 459 
40, 547. 971 

230, 053, 000 
125, 505, 000 
92, 106. 000 
72, 607, 065 



281, 723, 000 
234, 531. 000 
107, 208, 312 
27, 159, 526 

187, 034, 000 
105, 278, 000 
105, 022, 000 
86, 322, 310 



547, 376, 000 
396, 841, 000 
199, 31.7. 788 
95, 558, 662 

287, 372, 000 
246, 540. 000 
91,989,788 
26, 776, 705 

260, 004, 000 
150. 301, 000 
107, 378, 000 
68, 781, 957 



818, 384, 000 
505, 975, 000 
302, 023, 768 
175, 813, 005 

443, 664, 000 
311, 790, 000 
141,600,768 
46, 355, 216 

374, 820, 000 
194, 185, 000 
160, 423, 000 
129, 457, 849 



100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 



53.2 
45.2 
61.2 
73.2 



100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 

54.5 
59.5 
60.7 



45. 5 
40.5 
49.3 
64.2 



26, 026 201. 78 

18, 347 156. 62 

13, 708 106. 46 

10, 108 83. 39 

24, 958 
17, 753 
12,133 
8,310 



27, 043 

19, 124 
14,939 
10, 975 



13.155 
7,209 
5,357 
3,407 

13, 698 
11,356 
6,657 



100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 


18, 391 
13, 330 
7,641 
6,220 


60.1 
69.0 
60.5 
23.9 


18, 608 
13, 277 
7,642 
4,613 


39.9 
31.0 
49.5 
76.1 


18, 074 
13, 447 
7,640 
5,446 


100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 


22, 537 
15,664 
8,007 
5,096 


52.5 
62.1 
46.1 
28.0 


22, 975 
15, 553 
8,484 
4,479 


47.5 
37.9 
53.9 
72.0 


22, 072 
15, 851 
7, 640 
5,385 



100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 

54.2 
61.6 
46.9 
26.4 



31,068 
18,627 

1 2. 276 
8,178 

29, 803 

IS, 380 
11,440 
7,229 

32, 710 
19. 027 

13. 123 
8,582 



204. 47 
153.31 
106. 17 
84.45 



87.07 
03. 12 
45.14 
33.76 

83.25 
61.81 
43.90 
32.44 

92.13 
65. 15 
46.49 
34.54 



35.85 
27.71 
17.51 
14.42 

35.04 

27. S3 
16.89 
13.16 

37.16 
27.44 
18.18 
14.87 



34. 25 
25. 99 
16.23 
13.02 

34.18 
26.70 
15.63 
11.51 

34.32 

21. 90 
16.79 
13.72 



64.17 
42.90 
26.46 
15.72 

62.64 
41.92 
26.21 
18.38 



121, 943, 000 
71, 759, 000 
75, 209, 000 
92, 739, 000 



121, 943, 000 
71, 759, 000 
75, 209, 000 
92, 739, 000 



70, 856, 000 
37, 692, 000 
32, 790, 000 
39, 889, 000 



3.98S 
2,374 

2, 985 



7. 7S8 
5,478 
5,318 
6,134 



1,877 
1,028 
1,039 
1.337 



70, 856, 000 

37, 692. 000 3, 410 

32, 790, 000 2, 370 

39, 889, 000 2, 224 



46, 946, 000 
25, 161, 000 
36,127,000 
55, 328, 000 



46. 946, 000 
25,161,000 
36, 127, 000 
55, 328, 000 



64, 741, 000 
38. 306. 000 
37, 260, 000 
43, 458, 000 



64, 741, 000 
38, 306, 000 
37, 260, 000 
43, 458, 000 



89, 207, 000 
49, 910, 000 
53, 902, 000 
76, 340, 000 



43.91 
37.80 
47.20 



12.20 
7.07 
7.91 

11.90 



2S.3S 
19.57 
16.55 
18.98 



4,537 
3,214 
2, 028 
3,490 



2, 600 
1,512 
1,497 
2,318 



89, 207. 000 
49. 910, 000 
53, 902, 000 
76, 340, 000 



6,496 
4,040 
26.51 
3,403 



3,386 
1,837 
2.191 
3, 551 



0. 56 
6.25 
9.53 



4.05 
2.51 
3.03 
5.92 



8.55 
6.35 
5.83 
8.67 



6.92 
4.19 
4.70 
7.64 



23.8 
25.7 
33.6 
69.0 



z 0.05 percent or less. 

' The data for the rented portion of part-owner farms included in Table 4, 



FARM-MORTGAGE DEBT 



35 



Table 3. — Number, Acreage, and Value of Owned Portion of Farms Operated by Part Owners, 1 by Mortgage Status, 

by Divisions and States: 1940-56 — Continued 

[For 19S0 and 1050, no data arc included for the District of Columbia; for 104S and 1840, District of Columbia data are included with Maryland] 





status 


Farms 


Land in farms 


Value of land and buildings 


Amount of mortgage debt 


Area and mortgage 


Number 


Per- 
cent 
distri- 
bution 


Increase or 

decrease (— ) 

from preceding 

Census 


ArrcH 


Per- 
cent 
distri- 
bution 


Aver- 



per 
farm 
(acres) 


H.,11 ,,', 


Per- 
cent 
distri- 
bution 


Average value 
(dollars) 


Dollars 


Average debt 
(dollars) 


Ra- 
tio 




Per 
farm 


Per 


Per 
farm 


Per 
acre 


to 




Number 


Per- 
cent 


(pel 

(Till , 


WEST NORTH ( 
TRAL— Oontini 

Kansas 

All farms 


3EN- 
<>d 

..1956.. 
1950- 
1945.. 
1940.. 

1950.. 
1950- 
1945. . 
1940- 

.-1956-. 
1950- 
1945- 
1940- . 

TIC 

-1956- 
1950. . 
1945.. 
1940- 

1956- 
1950- 
1945- 
1940- 

1956- 
1950. . 
1945.. 
1940- 

1956- 
1950. - 
1945.. 
1940- 

1956- 
1950- 
1945. . 
1940- 

..1956.. 
1950- 
1945- 
1940-. 

1956- 
1950.. 
1945- 
1940- 

1956- 
1950- 
1945- 
1940- 

-1956- 
1950- 
1945.. 
1940- 

-1956- 
1950- 
1945- 
1940- 

1956- 
1950- 
1945- 
1940- 

1956- 
1950. . 
1945- 
1940- 


40, 746 
41,135 
36. 531 
33, 034 

23. 347 

27, 089 
19, 032 
10, 797 

17,399 
14, 046 
17,499 
22,237 

1,132 
917 
629 

555 

755 
011 
390 
296 

377 
306 
239 

259 

4,344 
3,387 
2,566 
1,722 

2,320 

2,012 

1,475 

834 

2,024 
1,375 
1,091 

888 

19, 185 
16, 209 
12,219 
13,164 

13,429 
12, 787 
9,447 
9,121 

5,756 
3,422 
2,772 
4,043 

5,943 
5,230 
4,398 
4,783 

4,695 
4.330 
3,638 
3,716 

1,248 
950 
760 

1,067 


100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 

57.3 
65.8 
52.1 
32.7 

42.7 
34.2 

47.9 
67.3 

100.0 
100.0 
100. 
100.0 

66.7 
66.6 
62.0 
53.3 

33.3 
33.4 
38.0 
46.7 

100.0 
100.0 
100. 
100.0 

53.4 
59.4 
57.5 
48.4 

40.6 
40.6 
42.5 
51.6 

100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 

70.0 
78.9 
77.3 
09.3 

30.0 
21.1 

22.7 

30.7 

100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 

79.0 
82.0 
82.7 
77.7 

21.0 

18.0 
17.3 
22.3 


-380 
4,604 
3,497 


-0.9 
12.6 
10.6 


12,645,823 
11,492,600 
10,210,854 

8,100,625 

7, 106, 953 
7, 556, 900 

4, 303, 854 

2, 303, 891 

5, 538, S70 

3, 935, 700 
5, 907, 000 
5, 796, 734 

141, 730 
96, 700 
54, 990 
52, 354 

72, 707 
56, 100 
30. 090 
27, 188 

69, 023 
40, 600 
24, 900 
25, 166 

498, 606 
345, 900 
229, 084 
137, 476 

252, 295 
1SS, 400 
111,984 
59, 028 

246, 311 
157, 500 
117,100 
78, 448 

2, 157, 023 

1, 582, 800 

1,041.626 

945, 641 

1, 453, 834 

1,161,100 

699, 326 

.",3, 117 

703, 189 
421,700 
342, 300 
392, 524 

689, 413 
564, 700 
415,820 
377, 494 

543, 947 
421, 800 
319,420 
260, 480 

145, 466 

142, 900 
96, 400 

117,014 


100.0 
100.0 
100. 
100.0 

56.2 
65.8 
42.1 

28.4 

43.8 
34.2 
57.9 
71.6 

100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 

51.3 
58.0 
54.7 
51.9 

48.7 
42.0 
45.3 
48.1 

100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 

50.6 
54.4 
48.9 
42.9 

49.4 
45.6 
51.1 
57.1 

100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 

67.4 
73.4 
67.1 
58.5 

32.6 

26.6 
32.9 
41.5 

100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 

78.9 
74.7 
76.8 
69.0 

21.1 
25.3 
23.2 
31.0 


310.4 
279.4 
279.5 
245.2 

304.4 
279.0 
226.1 
213.4 

318.3 

280.2 
337.6 
260.7 

125.2 
105.5 
87.4 
94.3 

96.3 
91.8 

77.2 
91.9 

183.1 
132.7 
104.2 
97.2 

114.8 
102.1 
89.3 
79.9 

108.7 
93.6 
76.0 
70.9 

121.7 
114.5 
107.3 
88.3 

112.4 
97.6 
85.2 

71. S 

108.3 
90.8 
74.0 
60.6 

122.2 
123.2 
123.5 
97.1 

116.0 
107.0 
94.5 
78.9 

115.9 
97.4 
87.8 
70.1 

116.6 
150.4 
126.8 
109.7 


1, 050, 662, 000 
735, 228, 000 
403, 130, 416 
243, 646, 890 

602, 029. 000 
487, 457, 000 
202,294,416 

70, 771, 198 

448, 633, 000 
247,771,000 
200, 836, 000 
172,S75,092 

25, 780, 000 
11.410,000 
4,113,100 
2, 467, 285 

14,669,000 

6. 653, 000 

2, 357, 100 
1, 136, 795 

11,111,000 
4, 757, 000 
1,756.000 
1,330,490 

91,865,000 
45, 138, 000 
22, 168, 780 
9,159,395 

38, 859, 000 
23, 307, 000 
11,839,780 

3, 859, 728 

53, 006, 000 
21,831,000 
10, 329, 000 
5, 299, 667 

257,471,000 
135.735,000 
60, 952, 227 
43. 492, 913 

159,117.000 
95, 020, 000 
38,153,227 
23, 945, 789 

9S, 354, 000 
40, 765, 000 
22, 799, 000 
10, 547, 124 

47, 672, 000 
33. 6S3, 000 
17, 290, 383 
12, 337, 465 

32, 798, 000 
24,691,000 
13, 330, 383 
8, 181, 193 

14.874,000 
8, 992, 000 
3, 960, 000 
4,156,272 


100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 

57.3 
66.3 
50.2 
29.0 

42.7 
33.7 
49.8 
71.0 

100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 

56.9 
58.3 
57.3 
46.1 

43.1 
41.7 
42.7 
53.9 

100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 

42.3 
51.6 
53.4 
42.3 

57.7 
48.4 
46.6 
57.7 

100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 

61.8 
70.0 
62.6 
55.1 

38.2 
30.0 
37.4 
44.9 

100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 

68.8 
73.3 
77.1 
66.3 

31.2 
26.7 
22.9 
33.7 


25, 786 
17,874 
11,035 
7,376 

25, 786 
17,995 

10. 629 
6, 555 

25, 785 
17, 640 
11,477 
7,774 

22, 774 
12.443 
6, 539 
4,440 

19, 429 
10.8S9 
6,044 
3,841 

29, 472 
15, 546 
7,347 
5,137 

21, 148 
13, 327 
8.647 
5,329 

16, 750 

11, 584 
8,040 
4,650 

26,189 
15, 877 
9, 467 
5,968 

13, 420 
8,377 
4,988 
3,304 

11,849 
7,431 
4,039 
2,625 

17, 087 
11,913 
8,225 
4,835 

8.022 
6. 379 
3, 931 
2,579 

6.986 
5,702 
3,664 
2,202 

11,918 
9,465 
5,211 
3,895 


83. 08 
63.97 
39.48 
30.08 

84.71 

47.00 
30.72 

81.00 
62.96 
34. 00 
29.82 

181.90 
117.99 
74.80 
47.13 


104, 980, 000 
58, 814. 000 
56, 435, 000 
84, 298, 000 


2, 576 
1,430 
1,545 
2,552 


8.30 
5.12 
5.53 
10.41 


lo.o 
8.0 
14.0 
34.6 


Free from dobt 


-3. 742 
8.057 
8,235 


-13.8 
42.3 
76.3 






















Mortgaged 

SOUTH ATLAN 
Delaware 
All farms 


3,353 
-3, 453 
-4, 738 

215 

288 
74 


23.9 
-19.7 
-21.3 

23.4 
45.8 
13.3 


104,980,000 

.'.S.S14.000 
56, 435, 000 
81,298,000 

3, 178, 000 

1,831,000 

650, 000 

691,000 


6,034 
4,187 
3,225 
3,791 

2,807 
1,997 
1,033 
1,065 


18.95 
14. 94 
9.55 
14.54 

22.42 
18.93 
11.82 
11.29 


23.4 

23.7 
28.1 
48.8 

12.3 

16.0 
15.8 
24.0 




144 
221 
94 


23.6 
56.7 
31.8 




118. 59 
78,33 
41.81 

160.98 
117.17 
70.52 
52.87 

184.24 
130. 49 
96.78 
66.63 

154.02 
123. 71 
105. 90 
65.69 

215. 20 
138.61 
S8.21 
67.56 

119.36 
85.79 
58. 52 
45.99 

109. 45 
81.84 
54.50 
43.29 

139. 87 
96, 67 
66.61 
49.80 

69.15 
59.65 
41.58 
32.68 

60.30 
58.54 
41.73 
31.41 

102. 25 
62.93 
41.08 
35.52 






























Mortgaged 


71 

67 

-20 


23.2 
2S.0 

-7.7 


3, 178, 000 

1,831.000 

650, 000 

591, 000 

13, 835, 000 
6, 761, 000 
3, 656, 000 
2, 649, 000 


8,430 
6,984 

2,720 
2,282 

3,185 
1,996 
1,426 
1,539 


46.04 
45.10 
26.10 
23.48 

27.75 
19.55 
15.96 
19.27 


28.6 
38.5 
37.0 


Maryland 
All farms 


957 
821 

844 


28.3 
32.0 
49.0 


15.1 
15.0 
16.5 
28.9 


Free from debt 


308 
537 
641 


15.3 
30.4 
76.9 
































Mortgaged 


649 
284 
203 


47.2 
26.0 
22.9 


13, S35, 000 
6, 761, 000 
3, 656, 000 
2, 649, 000 

29, 408, 000 
10, 779, 000 
6, 794, 000 
7, 37S. 000 


6,835 
4,917 
3,351 
2,983 

1,533 
665 
556 
560 


56.17 
42.93 
31.22 
33.77 

13.63 
6.81 
6.52 
7.80 


26.1 
31.0 
35.4 
50.0 

11.4 

7.9 
11.1 

17.0 


Virginia 
All farms 


2,976 
3,990 
-945 


18.4 
32.7 
-7.2 


Free from debt 


642 

3,340 

326 


5.0 
35.4 
3.6 
































Mortgaged 


2,334 

650 
-1,271 


68.2 

23.4 

-31.4 


29, 408, 000 
10. 779, 000 
6, 794, 000 
7, 378, 000 

4, 760, 000 
2, 146, 000 
1,231,000 
1, 580, 000 


5,109 
3.150 
2,451 
1,825 

801 
406 
280 
330 


41.82 
25.56 
19.85 
18.80 

6.90 
3.80 
2.96 

4.19 


29.9 
26.4 
29,8 
37.7 

10.0 
6.4 
7.1 


West Virginia 
All farms _._ 


663 

882 

-385 


12.6 
20.1 
-8.0 


Free from debt _ 


365 
692 
-78 


8.4 
19.0 
-2.1 


































Mortgaged 


298 

190 

-307 


31.4 

25.0 

-28.8 


4, 760, 000 
2, 146, 000 
1,231,000 
1,580,000 


3,814 
2,259 
1,620 
1,481 


32.72 
15.02 
12.77 
13.50 


32.0 

23.9 
31.1 
38.0 



1 The data for the rented portion of part-owner farms included in Table 4. 



36 



FARM-MORTGAGE DEBT 



Table 3. — Number, Acreage, and Value of Owned Portion of Farms Operated by Part Owners, 1 by Mortgage Status, 

by Divisions and States: 1940-56 — Continued 

(For 1956 and 1950, no data are Included for the District of Columbia; for 1945 and 1940, District of Columbia data are included with Maryland] 



Area and mortage status 



Per- 
cent 
distri- 
bution 



Increase or 

decrease (— ) 

from preceding 

Census 



Land in farms 



Per- 
cent 
distri- 

oni ion 



Value of land and building 



Per- 
cent 
distri- 
bution 



Amount of mortgage debt 



SOUTH ATLANTIC— Con. 

North Carolina 

All farms 1956- 

1950. 
1945. 
1940- 



Free from (iebt- 



-1956- 
1950. 
1945. 
1940. 



.1956-- 
1950 
1945.. 
1940. 



South Carolina 

ill farms 1956. 

1950. 
1945 
1940. 

Free from debt 1956 

1950 
1945 
1940 

Mortgaged... 1956. 

1950. 
1945. 
1940 



Ul farms 1956. 

1950. 
1945. 
1940. 

Free from debt- 1956-. 

1950- 

1945- 



Mortgaged.- .. 1956. 

1950.. 
1945- . 
1040- . 



All farms 1956.. 

1950- 
1945- 
1940- 

Free from debt 1956- 

1950- 
1945- 
1940. - 



Mortgaged 1956- 

1950- 
1945- 
1940- - 

EAST SOUTH CENTRAL 

Kentucky 

All farms 1956- 

1950.. 
1045.. 
1940-- 

Freefrom debt -1956- 

1950- 
1945- 
1940- 

Mortgaged 1956- 

1950- 
1945- 
1940- 



41, 42!) 
35, 122 
19, 835 
21, 784 

26, 286 
26, 507 
15,751 
14, 136 



15, 163 
8,855 
4,084 
7,648 



17, 337 
10 425 
7,486 
9,224 

11, 033 

12, 364 
5,566 
5,891 

5,704 
4,131 
1,920 
3,333 



19, 255 
16, 619 
7,217 
9,078 



'.I, 223 
5, 952 
2,131 
3,843 



inn. n 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 

63.4 
75.0 
79.4 



25.0 
20.6 
35.1 



Kin. 
100.0 
100.0 
10(1.0 



75.0 
74.4 
63.9 

32.9 
25.0 
25.6 



100, 
Kill. 
100.0 
100.0 

52.1 

64.2 
70.5 
57.7 



100. 
100.0 
loo.o 
100.0 

57.2 
70.7 
77.4 
62.2 

42.8 
29.3 
22.6 
37.8 



1110. (I 
100. (I 
100.0 
Kill. 



32.1 
26.2 
26.8 
32.3 



0,308 
4,771 

-;t, f,c,t 



1,573 
2,211 
-1,413 



2. 030 
0, 402 
-1,861 



-635 

5,581 
-149 



3, 271 
3, 821 
-1,712 



3, 030 
11, 101 
-4, 577 



2,485 

2,828 

-2,269 



17.0 
78.6 
-8.9 



38.1 
115.2 
-42.4 



15.9 
130.3 
-20.5 



55.0 
179.3 
-44.5 



11.7 
72.8 
-16.0 



37.3 
73.6 
-37.1 



2. 113. 28! 
1,920,200 
1, 038. 425 
1,060,089 

1,495,290 

1,359,800 

708, 425 

603, 754 



947.094 
500. 1(10 
330,11011 
450. 335 



1,031,882 

1,438.000 

562, 198 

661, 854 

1, 013, 627 
977, 900 
334, 498 
302, 285 

621, 255 
460, 100 
227, 700 
359, 569 



1, 522, 109 

1,378,100 

507, 788 

422, 151 

1, 689, 091 
923, 300 
377, 700 
534, 060 



2.987,771 

2. 507, 400 

1, 090. 790 

468, 393 

2. 133, 268 

1, 490. 700 

1.218.990 

242, 242 

854, 503 

1,016,700 

471, 800 

226, 151 



1.450.185 

1,2119,900 

.599, 455 

649. 339 

851, 556 
556, 700 
381, 700 
455, 134 



100. 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 



1110.0 
100.0 
100.0 



38.0 
32.0 
40.5 
54.3 



100.0 
100.0 
100.0 

10' 1.0 



52.6 
40.1 
42.7 
55.9 



Kill. 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 

71.4 
59.4 
72.1 
51.7 

28.6 
40.6 
27.9 



100. 
100.0 
100. 
100.0 

63.1 
68.5 
61.1 



36.9 
31.5 
38.9 

11 2 



51.2 
45.0 
42.7 



87.2 
75.1 
71.8 

87.1 
79.1 
00.1 
51.3 



100. 8 
138.5 
122.7 
105. 3 

151.7 

129.2 
99.8 



183. 1 
155.1 
177.2 
139.0 



290.3 
563. 9 
586. 1 
140. 9 



64.3 
57.2 
50.7 



370, 727, 000 
185, 453. 000 
57, 923, 676 
43,187,074 

193, 149, 000 
128,113,000 
38, 987, 676 
23, 539, 681 



177, 578, 000 
57, 340, 000 
18,941.000 
19,647,393 



155, 571, 000 
96, 776, 000 
23, 336, 444 
22, 514, 955 

100, 499, 000 
64, 972, 000 
14, 477, 4-14 
10, 084, 706 

55, 072, 000 
31, 804, 000 
8, 859, 000 
12. 430, 259 



211,732,000 
100, 781, 000 
26, 969, 766 
21, 951, 703 

100, 573, 000 
59, 925, 000 
14, 683, 766 
9, 118, 449 

111,159,000 
40, 856, 000 

12, LNi;, mi: i 
12, 833, 254 



275. 023, 000 
86, 35S, 000 
28, 738, 582 
16, 522, 022 

165, 564, 000 
50, 302, 000 
18, 746, 582 
6,811,484 



229, 588, 000 
141,650,000 
47,635,118 
39, 562. 755 



93.951,000 
27, 111, 118 
21, 296, 549 

89, 769, 000 
47, 696, 000 
20, 524, 000 
18, 266, 206 



100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 



47.9 
30.9 
32.7 
45.5 



100.0 
100.0 
100. 
100. 



35.4 
32.9 
38.0 



100. 
100. 
100.0 
100. 



52.5 
40.5 
45.6 
58.5 



ton o 
100.0 
100.0 
100. 



58.2 
65. 2 
41.2 



41.8 
34.8 
58.8 



ion. (i 
100. o 
100. 

100.0 



8,918 
5,236 
2. 021 
1,983 

7, 354 

4, 822 
2, 475 
1,665 



11,711 

6,475 
4, 63S 



8, 973 
5. 807 
3,117 
2,441 



5, 2.5.5 
2, 001 
1, 712 



19, 1125 
5,618 
2,887 
1,742 

12, 052 

li. 804 
5,765 
3. 339 



39.9811 
14,019 
8,061 



12,075 
11, 545 
6, 792 
2,582 

37, 180 

19.998 
12,412 
0. 050 



N. 1149 
5. 551. 
3,321 
2.092 

7,219 

4, 992 
2,585 
1,004 



151.73 
96, 58 
55. 79 



1ST. 32 
1112.32 
57.40 
48. 1)5 



99.15 
00. 4-1 
43. 28 
33.36 

38.65 

09. 12 
38 91 
34.57 



05. 94 
43. 79 
30. 46 
22.86 

86.07 
43, 18 
28.92 
21.60 

65.81 

4-1. 2.5 
32. 53 
24.113 



92. 0.5 

34. 44 
17.00 

35. 27 



128. 10 
35. 46 
21.18 
42. 94 



09. 19 
80. IS 
48. .5,5 
3.5 82 



77.65 
45. 23 
32.80 

105. 42 
85.68 
53.77 
40.13 



40, 843, 000 
15, 202, 000 
6,061,000 
7, 458, 000 



40, 843, 000 
15, 292, 000 
6,081,000 
7, 458, 000 



16, 577, 000 
7, 895, 000 
2, 782, 000 
4, 366, 000 



2,694 
1,727 
1,484 



-13, 08 
27. 20 
18.37 
16.34 



16, 577, 000 
7, 895, 000 
2, 782, 000 
4, 366, 000 



33, 348, 000 
11, 652, 000 

3, 649, 000 

4, 955, 000 



2,906 
1,911 

1,449 
1,310 



17.16 
12.22 
12.14 



10.38 
5.06 
4.12 
5.18 



33, 348, 000 
11,652,000 

3, 649, 000 

4. 955, 000 



23. 424, 000 
7, 831, 000 

2, 698, 000 

3. 085, 000 



:>,, ok; 

1, 0,58 
1,712 

1,280 



19.74 
12.62 
9.66 
9.28 



23. 424. 000 
7. 831, 000 

2, 698. 000 

3, (185, 000 



29, 444, 000 
15,572,000 

6, 445, 000 

7, 825. 000 



7,957 
4,343 

3.352 
1,922 



27.41 
7.70 
5.72 

13.01 



1 2. 70 
8.81 
6.57 
6.00 



29, 444, 000 
15, 572, 000 

6, 445, 000 

7, 625, 000 



3, 216 
2, 33-1 
1,677 
1.248 



34.58 
27.97 
16.88 
16.75 



'The data for the rented portion of part-owner farms included in Table 4. 



FARM-MORTGAGE DEBT 



SI 



Table 3. — Number, Acreage, and Value of Owned Portion of Farms Operated by Part Owners,' by Mortgage Status, 

by Divisions and States: 1940-56 — Continued 

[For lf!5(i and 1950, no data are included for the District of Columbia; for 1945 and 1940, District of Columbia data are included with Maryland] 



Area and mortgage status 



Free from ilrl 1 



i960 

1950 
1945 
1940.. 

1956. 
1950-. 

1945 . 
1940.. 



Mortgaged 1956. 

1950.. 
1945. . 
1940. 



Ill farms 1950.. 

1950. 
1945.. 
1940.. 

Free from debt 1956.. 

1950. . 
1945. . 
1940- . 

Mortgaged .1956- 

1950. . 
1945.. 
1940.. 



1950. 
1945- 
1940. 

Free from debt 1956- 

1950- . 
1945. _ 
1940. 

Mortgaged 1956-- 

1950. . 
1945. 
1940. 

WEST SOUTH CENTRAL 



3d, 5:10 

28, 851 
17,615 

18, 852 

19, 578 
21. 134 
13, 043 
11, 900 

11,012 
7,717 
4,572 
6,952 



27. 427 
25, 716 
13,218 
14, 804 

16, 533 

17, 463 
8. 723 



II). S83 
8,253 
4,495 
6, 932 



22, sno 
17, 676 
6,925 
8,569 

13, 871 
12, 162 
4,597 



100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 

64.0 
73.2 
74.0 



100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 



39.7 
32.1 
34.0 
46.8 



100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 



39.4 
31.2 
33.6 



Increase or 
decrease (-) 

lleni |,n 'i ,!ln ; , 

Census 



1, 739 

11, 236 
-1,237 



3,295 

3,145 

-2, 380 



1,711 
12, 498 
-1,686 



3,505 
3, 180 
-1, 757 



42.7 

68.8 

-34.2 



31.9 
83. 6 

-35. 2 



63.6 
136.9 
-43.0 



Laud in farms 



cent 
distri- 
bution 



2, 4ND, 533 

1,899,! 

1, 209, 743 
1, 185, 989 

1, 603, 259 

1, 328, 700 

781, 643 

646, 254 

886, 274 
571, 200 
428, 100 
539. 735 



3. 320. 223 
2.515,509 
1, 225, 033 

1, 215, 654 

2, 031. 976 
i, 567 50'; 

633, 2J3 
515, 806 

1, 288, 247 
978, 000 
591, 800 



2, 874, 240 

1, 905, 300 

71S, 040 

773, 646 

1, 442, 86S 

1, 189, 990 

414, 040 

312, 523 

1, 431. 372 
71.5. 400 
394, 000 
461, 123 



Kill il 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 



100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 

61.2 
61.6 
51.7 
42.4 



100. (I 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 



Value of land and buildings 



81.4 
65.9 
68.7 
62.9 



121.1 
99.0 
92.7 
82.1 



118.3 
118.5 
131.7 
101.0 



125. 
107.8 
103.7 
90.3 



158.7 
129.7 
130.6 
112.9 



241, 584, 090 
149,116,000 
58, 831, 699 
41,251,419 

141, 327, 000 
100, 633. 000 
36, 529, 699 
20, 976, 301 

100, 257, 000 
48, 483, 000 
22, 302, 000 
20,275,118 



214, 107, 000 
125, 532, 000 
39, 9S6, 429 
28, 128, 665 

119,258,000 
73, 977, 000 

19, 060, 429 
11,328,282 

94, 849, 000 

51, 555, 0110 

20, 926, 000 
lli. 8110. 383 



253, 075, 000 
108, 799, 000 
24. 230, 639 
19, 619, 101 

104, 267, 000 
63, 790, 000 
12, 612, 639 
6, 804, 150 

148, 808, 000 
45. 009, 000 

11. 018, 000 

12, S14, 951 



100. 
100. 
100.0 
100.0 

58.5 
67.5 
62.1 



41.5 
32.5 
37.9 
49.2 



100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 

55.7 
58.9 
47.7 
40.3 

44.3 
41.1 
52.3 
59.7 



41.2 
58.6 
52.1 
34.7 



7, 897 
5, 168 
3, 340 



7, 806 
4,S 

3, 025 
1,900 

7,211 

4, 236 
2,185 
1,439 

8,711 

6. 247 
4,655 
2,424 



100.0 11,056 

100. 6, 155 

100. 3, 499 

100. 2, 290 



7,517 
5,245 
2,744 
1,517 

16, 499 
8,163 
4.991 
3, 137 



Amount .,i ' mii !.■:■ I.I 



47.19 
30.10 
21.96 

73. 63 
52.71 
35. 36 
24. 01 



88. 05 
57.10 
33. 75 
25.36 



103. 96 
62.91 
38.22 
27.79 



33, 084, 000 
14,167,000 

11,1131-,, 111 i 
8, 007, 000 



33,084,000 

14, 167, 000 
6, 936, 000 

8.007,000 



30, 636, 000 
14, 935. 000 
6. 889, 000 
6. 900, 000 



47, 023, 000 
12, 313, 000 

4, 020, 000 

5, 959, 000 



47, 023, 000 
12,313,000 

4, 020, C 

5, 959, 000 



3, 004 
1, 830 
1,517 
1,152 



2,813 
1,810 
1,555 
1,004 



5.214 
2,233 
1.727 
1,459 



7.46 
5. 73 
6.75 



37. 33 
24.80 
16.20 
14. 84 



23.78 
15.27 
11.81 
9.95 



16.36 
6.46 
5.60 
7.70 



17.21 
13.22 
12.92 



Free from debt. 



.1956- 
1950. - 
1945- . 
1940. 

.1956- 
1950- - 
1945.. 
1940. 

-1956-. 
1950. 
1945. . 
1940- . 



11. 266 
14, 148 
6, 074 
9, 078 



100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 



39.0 
28.0 
29.6 
38.6 



-2,882 
7,174 
-2, 104 



1, 894 

2, 562 
-2, 786 



34.5 

87.4 

-48.7 



2. 570. 935 
2, 092, 700 
1, 016, ! 
1, 266, 601 

1, 321, 461 

1,394,200 

615, 238 

645, 011 

1, 249, 474 
698, 500 
401, 700 
621, 590 



100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 

51.4 
66.6 
60.5 
50.9 



137.8 
108.6 
102.7 
85.6 



169.2 
127.2 
137. i 



202, 842, 000 
119,089,000 
37, 721, 619 
30, 904, 057 

89, 453. 900 
71,807,000 
21, 252. 619 
13, 152, 584 

113,389,000 
47, 282, 000 

16, 469, 000 

17, 751, 473 



100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 

44.1 
60.3 
56.3 
42.6 

55.9 
39.7 
43.7 



10, 875 
6,064 
3, 809 



7,940 
5, 075 
3,047 
1,449 

15, 352 
8,609 
5.621 
3,106 



78.90 
56. 91 
37.09 
24.40 

67.69 
51.50 
34. 54 



31, 749, 000 
12,586,000 
5, 287, 000 
7, 062, 000 



31,749,000 

12. 586, 000 
5, 287, 000 
7, 062, 000 



4, 299 
2,292 
1, 804 
1,235 



25.41 
IS. 02 
13.16 
11.36 



Free from debt 



. 1956. . 
I960.. 
1945.. 
1940.. 

.1956.. 

11)50 
1945 



Mortgaged 1956-. 

1950.. 
1945- - 
1940. . 



12,828 
11, 584 
6,433 
7,376 



5,003 
3, 146 
1,758 
2, 90S I 



100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 



1,244 
5,151 
-943 



1, 410, 050 

1, 059, 600 

559, 651 

544, 024 

850, 260 
80.5 7011,600 

272, 951 
235. 154 



1, 857 59, 

1,388 79.0 
-1,150 -39.5 



308, 870 
The data for the rented portion of part-owner farms included in Table 4. 



100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 



91.5 
87.0 
73.8 



111.0 
114.1 
163.1 
106.2 



208, 056, 000 
98, 594, 000 
33,017,1 
22,941,097 

106,317,000 
65, 131, 000 
10. 230, 695 
9, 002, 481 

101, 739. 000 
33, 463, 000 
17. 387, 000 
13, 338, 616 



100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 

51.1 
68.1 
48.3 
41.9 



16, 219 
8,511 
5,226 
3,110 

13, 587 
7.719 
3,472 
2,149 

20, 336 
10, 637 
9,890 
4,587 



147. 55 
93.05 
60.07 
42.17 

125. 04 
92.96 

59. 46 
40.83 

181.74 
93.21 

60. 65 
43.19 



23, 400, 000 
8, 344, 000 
5, 720, 000 
5, 809, 000 



23. 400, 000 
8. 344, 000 
5, 720, 000 
5, 809, 000 



4,677 
2,652 
3,254 
1,998 



16. 60 
7.87 
10.22 
10. 68 



41.80 23.0 
23.24 24.9 
19.95 32.9 

18.81 I 43.6 



38 



FARM-MORTGAGE DEBT 



Table 3. — Number, Acreage, and Value of Owned Portion of Farms Operated by Part Owners, 1 by Mortgage Status, 

by Divisions and States: 1940-56 — Continued 



[Fc 


r 1956 and 1950, no 


data are included for the District of Columbia; for 1945 and 1940, District of Columbia data are 


included with Maryland] 








tatus 


Farms 


Land in farms 


Value of land and buildings 


Amount of mort? 


age debt 




Area and mortgage s 


Number 


Per- 
cent 
distri- 
bution 


Increase or 

decrease (— ) 

from preceding 

Census 


Acres 


Per- 
cent 
distri- 
bution 


Aver- 
age 
per 
farm 

(acres) 


Dollars 


Per- 
cent 
distri- 
bution 


Average value 
(dollars) 


Dollars 


Average debt 
(dollars) 


Ea- 




Per 
farm 


Per 
acre 


Per 
farm 


Per 
acre 


to 




Number 


Per- 
cent 


(per- 
cent) 


WEST SOUTH C 
TRAL— Continu 

Oklahoma 

All farms 


EN- 
d 

1956.. 
1950- 
1945 . 
1940- . 

1956- 
1950- 

1945- - 
1940- - 

1956 . . 
1950 -- 
1945- - 
1940- - 

1956- 
1950- 
1945- 
1940- 

1956 .- 
1950-. 
1945-- 
1940- 

1956- 
1950- 
1045- 
1940- 

1956- 
1950- 
1945- 
1940- 

.1956- 

1950. . 
1945.. 
1940- 

1950- - 
1950- . 
1945- . 
1940- 

1956- 
1950- 

1945- 
1940- 

1956- . 
1950- 
1945.. 
1940. . 

1956.. 
1950- 
1945- 
1940- 

1956- 
1950- 
1945- 
1940- 

1956- 
1950- 
1945.- 
1940.. 

1956- 
1950- 
1945.. 
1940.. 


31, 418 
33, 315 
27, 652 
25, 227 

17, 845 
20,869 
15, 115 
10,230 

13, 573 
12,446 
12, 537 
14,997 

63, 184 
63, 233 
39, 613 
43, 523 

38, 226 
41, 953 
27, 361 
22, 974 

24, 958 
21, 280 

12, 252 
20, 549 

13, 425 

13, 573 

14, 530 
12, 856 

7,921 
9,193 
9,710 
5,380 

5,504 
4,380 
4,820 
7.476 

7,711 
6,890 
6,785 
6,176 

3,254 
3,938 
3,346 
1,986 

4, 457 
2, 952 
3,439 
4,189 

4,128 
4,249 
4,406 
4,311 

1,783 
2,217 
1,851 
1,335 

2,345 

2,032 
2,555 
2,976 


100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 

56.8 
62.6 
54.7 
40.6 

43.2 
37.4 
45.3 
59.4 

100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 

60.5 
66.4 
69.1 
52.8 

39.5 
33.6 
30.9 
47.2 

100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 

59.0 
67.7 
66.8 
41.8 

41.0 
32.3 
33.2 
58.2 

100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 

42.2 
57.2 
49.3 
32.2 

57.8 
42.8 
50.7 
67.8 

100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 

43.2 
52.2 
42.0 
31.0 

56.8 
47.8 
58.0 
69.0 


-1, 897 

5,663 
2,425 


-5.7 
20.5 
9.6 


9, 562, 857 
8, 547, 200 

6, 90S, 719 
5, 511, 656 

5, 517, 768 
5, 190, 700 
3, 302, 819 

1, 700, 494 

4, 045, 089 
3, 356. 500 

3, 605, 900 
3, 811, 162 

23, 015. 120 
26, 078, 000 
18, 514. 363 
17, 503, 860 

17, 496, 117 

14, 790. 900 
10, 134, 563 

5, 927, 451 

11, 519, 003 
11, 287, 100 
8, 379, 800 

11, 576, 409 

25. 509, 662 
23, 353, 300 
21, 307, 341 

12, 449, 296 

13, 851, 746 

15, 400, 100 

13, 282, 441 

4, 858, 113 

11. 657, 916 

7, 953, 200 
8, 024, 900 

7, 591, 183 

3, 906, 213 
3, 309, 900 
3, 049, 153 
2, 083, 845 

1, 769, 514 

2, 016, S00 
1, 540, 653 

595, 691 

2, 136, 699 
1, 293. 100 
1, 508, 500 

1, 48S, 154 

14, 340. 790 
12, 223, 400 
11, 467, 280 

8, 795, 055 

0, 470, 402 
6, 187, 900 

5, 083, 680 

2, 357, 153 

7, 876, 388 
6, 035, 500 

6, 383, 600 

6, 437. 902 


100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 

57.7 
60.7 
47.8 
30.9 

42.3 
39.3 
52.2 
69.1 

100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 

60.3 
56.7 
54.7 
33.9 

39.7 
43.3 
45.3 

00. 1 

100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 

54.3 
65.9 
62.3 
39.0 

45.7 
34.1 

37.7 
61.0 

100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 

45.3 
60.9 
50.5 
28.6 

54.7 
39.1 
49.5 
71.4 

100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 

45.1 
50.6 
44.3 
26. S 

54.9 
49.4 
55.7 
73.2 


304.4 
256.6 
249.8 
218.5 

309.2 
248.7 
218.5 
166.2 

298.0 
269.7 
287.6 
254.1 

459.2 
412.4 
467.4 
402.2 

457.7 
352.6 
370.4 
258.0 

461.5 
530.4 
684. 
563.4 

1, 900. 2 

1, 720. 6 

1, 466. 4 

968.4 

1, 748. 7 

1, 675. 2 

1. 367. 9 

903.0 

2, 118. 1 
1, S15.S 

1, 664. 9 
1,015.4 

506.6 
480.4 
449.4 
337.5 

543.8 
512.1 
460.4 
299.9 

479.4 
43S.0 
438.6 
355.3 

3. 475. 5 

2. 876. 8 

2. 602. 7 
2, 040. 1 

3, 628. 9 
2, 791. 1 
■2, 746. 5 
1, 765. 7 

3, 358. S 
2. 970. 2 
2, 498. 5 
2. 163. 3 


618, 299, 000 
401, 115, 000 
207, 320, 445 
130, 691, 131 

322, 134, 000 
239, 473, 000 
106; 607, 445 
39, 730, 911 

296, 165. 000 
161, 042, 000 
100, 713, 000 
90, 960, 220 

1, 996, 580, 000 

1, 148, 435, 000 

438, 877, 682 

300, 337, 941 

1.154,023,000 
648, 557. 000 
264, 576. 682 
100, 482, 822 

842, 557, 000 
498, 878, 000 
174, 301, 000 

193, 855, 119 

640, 735, 000 
348, 515, 000 
185, 200, 385 
96, 543, 545 

366, 500, 000 
230, 761, 000 
113, 217, 385 
32, 303, 856 

274, 235, 000 
117, 754, 000 
71, 983, 000 
64. 239, 689 

306, 589, 000 
165, 311, 000 
85. 723, 304 
49, 588, 828 

112,518,000 

93, 183. 000 
40, 075, 304 
11, 550, 869 

194, 071, 000 
72. 12S. 000 
45, 648, 000 
38. 037, 959 

228, 049, 000 
161, 512, 000 
82, 673, 294 
45, 932, 141 

87,571,000 
78, 555, 000 
35, 753, 294 
11,341,428 

140,478,000 
82, 957, 000 
46, 920, 000 
34, 590, 713 


100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 

52.1 
59.7 
51.4 
30.4 

47.9 
40.3 
48.6 
69.6 

100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 

57.8 
56.5 
60.3 
35.5 

42.2 
43.5 
39.7 
64.5 

100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 

57.2 
66.2 
61.1 
33.5 

42.8 
33.8 
38.9 
66.5 

100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 

36.7 
56.4 
46.7 
23.3 

63.3 
43.6 
53.3 

76.7 

100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 

38.4 
48.6 
43.2 

24.7 

61.6 
51.4 
56.8 
75.3 


19, 680 
12, 040 
7,497 
5,181 

18, 052 

11, 475 
7,053 
3,884 

21, 820 

12, 987 
8,033 
6,065 

31, 599 
18, 102 

11, 079 
6,901 

30, 189 
15, 459 
9,670 
4,635 

33, 759 
23, 491 
14, 220 

9,434 

47, 727 

25, 677 

12, 746 
7,510 

46, 269 
25, 102 
11, 060 
6,004 

49, 825 

26, 884 
14. 934 

8.593 

39, 760 
23, 993 
12,634 

8,031 

34, 578 

23, 063 
11,977 

5,816 

43,543 

24, 434 

13, 274 
9,080 

55,244 
38, 012 
18,764 

10, 655 

49, 114 

35, 433 
19, 316 

8,495 

59,905 

40, S25 
18, 364 

11, 623 


64.66 
46.93 
30.01 
23.71 

58.38 
46.14 
32.28 
23.36 

73.22 
48.16 
27.93 
23.87 

68.81 
44.04 
23.70 
17.16 

65 Q fl 
43.85 
26.11 
17.96 

73.14 
44.29 
20.80 
16.75 

25.12 
14.92 
8.69 
7.75 

26.46 
14.98 
8.52 
6.65 

23.52 
14. 81 
8.97 
8.46 

78.49 
49.94 
28.11 
23.80 

63.59 
40.20 
26.01 
19.39 

90.83 
55.78 
30.26 
25.56 

15.90 
13.21 
7.21 
5.22 

13.53 
12.69 
7.03 
4.81 

17.84 
13.74 
7.35 
5.37 


S3, 815, 000 
39, 196, 000 
30, 012, 000 
37, 827, 000 


2,668 
1,177 
1,085 
1,499 


8.76 
4.59 
4.34 
6.86 


13.6 
9.8 
14.5 




-3,024 
5,754 
4,885 


-14.5 
38.1 
47.8 


































Mortgaged 


1, 127 

-91 

-2, 460 


9.1 

-.7 

-16.4 


S3, 815, 000 
39, 196, 000 
30, 012, 000 
37, 827, 000 

171, 882, 000 
103, 711, 000 
46, S87, 000 
74, 518, 000 


6,175 
3,149 
2,394 
2,522 

2,720 
1,040 
1,184 
1,712 


20.72 
11. 08 
8.32 
9.93 

5.92 
3.98 
2.53 
4.26 


28.3 
24.2 
29.8 


Texas 
All farms 


-49 
23, 620 
-3, 910 


-0.1 
59.6 
-9.0 


8.0 
9.0 
10.7 


Free from debt 


-3, 727 
14. 592 
4,387 


-8.9 
53.3 
19.1 
























Mortgaged 

MOUNTAIN 
Montana 
All farms 


3,678 

9,028 

-8, 297 

-148 
-957 
1,674 


17.3 

73.7 

-40.4 

-1.1 
-6.6 
13.0 


171, 882, 000 
103,711,000 
46, 887, 000 
74, 518, 000 

63, 622, 000 
27, 599, 000 
18, 716, 000 
25, 375, 000 


6,887 
4,874 
3,827 
3,626 

4,739 
2,033 
1, 28S 
1,974 


14.92 
9.19 
5.60 
6.44 

2.49 
1.18 
0.88 
2.04 


20.4 
20.7 
26.9 
38.4 

9.9 

7.9 
10.1 




-1, 272 
-517 
4,330 


-13.8 
-5.3 
80.5 


































Mortgaged 


1,124 

-440 

-2, 656 


25.7 
-9.1 
-35.5 


63, 622. 000 
27, 599, 000 
18, 710, 000 
25, 375, 000 

47, 936, 000 
16, 953, 000 
11, 640, 000 
16,122,000 


11, 559 
0,301 
3,883 
3.394 

6,217 
2,461 
1,716 
2,611 


5.46 
3.47 
2.33 
3.34 

12.27 
5.12 
3.82 
7.74 


23.2 
23.4 
26.0 


Idaho 
All farms 


821 
105 
610 


11.9 
1.5 
9.9 


15.6 
10.3 
13.0 
32.5 




-684 

592 

1,360 


-17.4 
17.7 
68.5 


































Mortgaged 

Wyoming 
All farms - 


1,505 
-487 
-750 

-121 

-157 

95 


51.0 
-14.2 
-17.9 

-2.8 

-3.6 

2.2 


47, 930, 000 
16, 953, 000 
11,640,000 
16, 122, 000 

37, 929, 000 
17, 606, 000 
11, 777, 000 
13, 383, 000 


10, 755 
5,743 
3,385 
3,849 

9,188 
4,144 
2.673 
3,104 


22.43 
13.11 
7.72 
10.83 

2.64 
1.44 
1.03 
1.52 


24.7 
23.5 
25.5 
42.4 

16.0 
10.9 
14.2 
29.1 




-434 
366 
516 


-19.6 
19.8 
38.7 


































Mortgaged — 


313 
-523 
-421 


15.4 
-20.5 
-14.1 


37, 929, 000 
17, 606, 000 
11, 777, 000 
13, 383, 000 


16, 174 
8,664 
4,609 
4,497 


4.82 
2.92 
1.84 
2.08 


27.0 
21.2 
25.1 
38.7 



1 The data for the rented portion of part-owner farms included in Table 4. 



FARM-MORTGAGE DEBT 



39 



Table 3. — Number, Acreage, and Value of Owned Portion of Farms Operated by Part Owners, 1 by Mortgage Status, 

by Divisions and States: 1940-56 — Continued 

[For 1956 and 1950, no data are included for the District of Columbia; for 1915 and 1940, District of Columbia data are included with Maryland] 





status 


Farms 


Land in farms 


Value of land and buildings 


Amount of mortgage debt 


Area and mortgage 


Number 


Per- 
cent 
distri- 
bution 


Increase or 

decrease (— ) 

from preceding 

Census 


Acres 


Per- 
cent 
distri- 
bution 


Aver- 
age 
per 

farm 
(acres) 


Dollars 


Per- 
cent 
distri- 
bution 


Average value 
(dollars) 


Dollars 


Average debt 
(dollars) 


Ra- 




Per 
farm 


Per 
acre 


Per 

farm 


Per 
acre 


to 




Number 


Per- 
cent 


(per- 
cent) 


MOUNTAIN— Con 
Colorado 
All farms ... 


tinned 

..1956.. 
1950.. 
1945.. 
1940.. 

..1956.. 

1950.. 
1945.. 
1940.. 

..1950- 
1950. . 
1945.. 
1940.. 

..1956.. 
1950.. 
1945. . 
1940-. 

1950- - 
1945-- 
1940.. 

-.1956-. 
1950-. 
1945.. 
1940.. 

1956.. 
1950-- 
1945-. 
1940.. 

1956.. 
1950.. 
1945.. 
1940 .. 

1956.. 
1950. - 
1915. . 
1940 . - 

-.1956.. 
1950. . 
1945- . 
1940- - 

1956. . 
19,50.. 
1945.. 
1940.. 

..1956.. 
1950. „ 
1945.. 
1940.. 

-1956-. 
1950.. 
1945- . 
1940-. 

.J95(i.. 
1950.. 
1945.. 
1940.. 

1956.- 
1950-. 
1945.. 
1940- - 


10, 457 
11,255 
10. 809 
9,442 

5,051 
0,511 
5,758 
3,283 

5,400 
4,744 
5,051 
0,159 

5,656 
5,731 
7,088 
5,866 

3,179 
3.4S3 
5,037 
3. 252 

2,477 
2.248 
2,051 
2,614 

2,252 
2,115 
1,867 
1,946 

1.049 

1.268 

1,132 

943 

1,203 

847 

735 

1,003 

5,879 
5,371 
5,440 
4,596 

2,875 
3. 265 
3, 201 
1,831 

3,004 
2,106 
2, 239 
2,765 

425 
359 
337 
312 

246 

227 
229 
166 

179 
132 
108 
146 


100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 

4S.3 
57.8 
53.3 
34.8 

51.7 
42.2 
46.7 
65.2 

100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 

56.2 
60.8 
71.1 
55.4 

43.8 
39.2 
28.9 
44.6 

100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 

46.6 
60.0 
60.6 
48.5 

53.4 
40.0 
39.4 
51.5 

100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 

48.9 
60.8 
58.8 
39.8 

51.1 
39.2 
41.2 
60.2 

100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 

57.8 
63.2 
68.0 
53.2 

42.2 

36.8 
32.0 
46.8 


-798 

446 

1,367 


4 1 

14.5 


13, 547, 523 

12, 229, 200 
11, 215, 659 

7,130,093 

7, 5.7.1, 5! s 

6, 977, 100 
5, 924, 459 
2,414,070 

5, 988, 005 

5, 252, 100 
5, 291, 200 
4,716.023 

13, 253, 522 
12,069,600 
10, 718, 856 

7, 402, 698 

8, 190, 677 
6,119,900 

6, 839, 056 

3, 302, 601 

5, 062, 815 
5, 949, 700 

3.S73,; 

4, 100,097 

5, 225, 028 
3, 446. 700 

2, 423, 289 

1, 84S, 518 

3, 020, 066 

2, 193, 600 

1, 881, 589 
1,110,562 

2, 204, 902 
1,253,100 

541, 700 
737, 956 

3, 953, 722 
2. 670, 800 
2, 439, 877 
1,487,045 

2. 008, 491 

1, res. 600 

1.380,077 

480, 141 

1. 945, 231 
1,005,200 
1.059,800 
1,006,904 

1,277,070 
931, 200 
654, 751 
288, 259 

351, 194 

656, 500 
424,151 
105, 280 

925, 876 
274, 700 
230. 600 
182, 979 


100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 

55.8 
57.0 
52.8 
33.9 

44.2 
43.0 
47.2 
66.1 

100. 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 

61.8 
50.7 
63.8 
44.6 

38.2 
49.3 
36.2 

55.4 

100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 

57.8 
63.6 
77.6 
60.1 

42.2 
36.4 
22.4 
39.9 

100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 

50.8 
62.4 
56.6 
32.3 

49.2 
37.6 
43.4 
67.7 

100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 

45.4 
70.5 
64.8 
36.5 

54.6 
29.5 
35.2 
63.5 


1, 295. 5 
1, 086. tl 
1,037.6 

755. 1 

1, 496. 6 

1.071.6 

1.028,9 

735.3 

1,107.7 
1, 107. 1 

1, 047. 6 
765.7 

2, 343. 3 
2, 106. 
1,512.3 

1, 262. 

2, 576. 5 
1, 757. 1 

1, 357. 8 
1,015.6 

2, 043. 9 

2, 646. 7 
1,891.7 

1, 568. 5 

2, 320. 2 
1,629.6 

1, 298. 
949.9 

2, 879. 
1,730.0 
1. 662. 2 
1, 177. 7 

1,832.9 

1, 479. 5 
737.0 
735.7 

672.5 
497.3 
448.5 
323.6 

698.6 
510.1 
431.1 
262.2 

647.5 
477. 3 
473. 3 
364.2 

3, 004. 9 

-. 593. 9 

1,942.9 

923.9 

1, 427. 6 

2, 892. 1 
1,852.2 

634.2 

5, 172. 5 
2.081.1 
2, 135. 2 
1 , 253. 3 


425, 276, 000 

200,9X8,00(1 

126,760,633 

60, 364, 532 

209,661,000 
167. 182, 000 
65,171,633 
17,540,225 

215,615,000 
129,806,000 

61, 589, 000 
42, S24, 307 

320, 235. 000 
199,687,000 

84, 126, 414 
38, 830, 538 

170,365,000 

104, 879, 000 
49, 868. 414 
1 5, 833, 906 

149,870,000 
94,808,000 

34. 258, 000 

22, 996, 572 

205, 666, 000 
95, 264, 000 
36.801,569 

23, 541, 834 

77, 947, 000 
49, 780, 000 
18, 600, 569 
8, 360, 583 

127, 719, 000 
45, 484, 000 
18,201,000 
15,181.251 

175, 043, 000 
101,219,000 
50, 933, 594 

24, 335, 294 

77. 544, 000 
56, 414, 000 
26, 940, 594 
7, 065, 120 

97, 499, 000 

44, 805, 000 
23, 993, 000 
17, 270, 174 

45, 774, 000 
lfi.863,000 

8, 083, 956 

3, 714, 083 

20,415,000 
12,042,000 
5, 063, 956 
1,459,044 

25, 359, 000 

4, 821, 000 
3, 020, 000 
2.255.039 


100.0 

100. (J 
100.0 

100.0 

49.3 
56. 3 
51.4 
29.1 

50. 7 
43.7 
48.6 
70.9 

100. 
100. 
100.0 

100.0 

53. 2 
52. 5 
59.3 
40.8 

46.8 
47.5 
40.7 
59.2 

100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 

37.9 
52.2 
50.5 
35.5 

62.1 
47.8 
49.5 
64.5 

100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 

44.3 
55.7 
52.9 
29.0 

55.7 
44.3 
47.1 
71.0 

100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 

44.6 
71.4 
62.6 
39.3 

55. 4 
28. 6 
37.4 
60.7 


40, 069 

26. 387 
11,727 

6,393 

41,509 

25, 677 
11,318 

5,343 

39,884 

27. 302 
12. 193 

6, 953 

56. 619 
31, 843 

11, 809 
6,620 

53, 591 
30,112 
9,900 
4, 809 

60,505 

42. 174 
16, 703 
8,797 

91, 326 

45, 042 
19, 712 

12, 098 

74, 306 
39, 259 

16. 432 
8,866 

106, 167 

53, 700 
24. 763 
15, 136 

29, 774 
18, 845 
9, 363 
5,295 

26, 972 

17, 278 
8.416 
3,859 

32, 456 
21, 275 
10.716 
6,246 

107, 704 

46, 972 
23. 9SS 
11,904 

82. 988 
53, 018 
22,113 
8,789 

141,670 

31',. 523 

27, 963 
15,445 


31.39 

24.29 
11.30 
8.47 

27.73 

23. 96 
11.00 

7.27 

30. 01 

24. 72 
11.61 

9.08 

24.16 
16.54 
7.85 
5.25 

20.80 
17.14 
7.29 
4.79 

29.60 
15.93 

8.83 
5. 61 

39.36 
27.64 
15. 19 
12.74 

25.81 
22.69 
9.89 
7.53 

57.92 
36.30 
33.60 
20.57 

44.27 
37.90 
20.88 
16.36 

38.61 
33.87 
19.52 
14.71 

50.12 
44.57 
22.64 
17.15 

35.84 
18.11 
12. 35 
12.88 

58.13 
18.34 
11.94 
13.86 

27.39 
17.55 
13. 10 
12.32 


54, 982, 000 
31, 577, «10 
17,245.000 
19, 327, 000 


5,258 
2, 806 
1,595 
2,047 


4. 06 
2.58 

1. 51 
2.71 


12.9 
10.0 
13.8 


Free from debt .... 


-1,460 

753 
2,475 


-22.4 
13.1 
75.4 


































Mortgaged 


CI 12 

-307 

-1, 108 


14.0 
-6.1 
-18.0 


54, 982, 000 
31.577.0110 
17,245,000 
19,327,000 

39, 560, 000 
21, 742, 000 
8, 873, 000 
8, 054, 000 


10,171 
6, 056 
3, 414 
3, 138 

6,995 
3.794 
1,252 
1,373 


9. 18 
0.01 
3.26 

■1. 10 

2.99 
1.80 
0.83 
1.09 


25. 5 
24. 3 
28.0 
45.1 

12,4 
10.9 
10. 5 


New Mexico 
All farms 


-75 

-1,357 

1,222 


-1.3 

-19.1 

20.8 




-304 

-1,554 

1,785 

229 

197 

-563 


-8.7 

-30.9 

54.9 

10.2 

9.6 

-21.5 


































Mortgaged 


39, 566, 000 
21.742,000 
8, 873, 000 
8, 054, 000 

28, 098, 000 
10,580,000 

4. 623, 000 

5, 878, 000 


15, 973 
9. 672 
4,326 
3,081 

12, 477 
5,002 
2,476 
3,021 


7.81 
3.65 
2.29 
1.96 

5.38 
3.07 
1.91 
3.18 


26. 4 

22. 9 
25.9 


Arizona 
All farms 


137 
248 
-79 


6.5 
13.3 
-4.1 


13.7 
11.1 
12.6 


Free from debt 


-219 
136 
189 


-17.3 
12.0 
20.0 


































Mortgaged 


356 

112 

-268 


42.0 

15.2 

-26.7 


28, 098. 000 
10. 580, 000 

4, 623, 000 

5, 878, 000 

23, 400. 000 
11.039,000 

6, 790, 000 

7, 830, 000 


23, 357 
12, 491 
6,290 
5,860 

3,980 
2,055 


12.74 
8.44 
8.53 
7.97 

5. 92 
4.13 

2.78 
5. 27 


22.0 
23.3 
25.4 


Utah 
All farms 

Free from debt 


508 
-69 
844 

-390 

64 

1,370 


9.5 
-1.3 
18.4 

-11.9 
2.0 

74.8 


13.4 
10.9 
13.3 
32.2 
































Mortgaged 


898 
-133 

-526 


42.6 
-5.9 
-19.0 


23, 400. 000 
11,039.000 

6. 790. 000 

7. 830. 000 

5, 579, 000 
949, 000 
698, 000 
879, 000 


7,700 
5,242 
3,033 
2,832 

13, 127 
2, 043 
2.071 
2,817 


12.03 
10.98 
6.41 

7.78 

4.37 
1.02 
1.07 
3.05 


24.0 
24.6 
28.3 


Nevada 
All farms.. 


66 
22 
25 


18.4 
6.5 
8.0 


12.2 
5.6 
8.6 


Free from debt . 


19 
-2 
63 


8.4 
-0.9 
38.0 


































Mortgaged.. 


47 

24 

-38 


35.6 

22.2 

-26.0 


5, 579. 010 
949. 000 
698. 000 
879, 000 


31. 168 
7. 1S9 
6. 463 
6,021 


0.03 
3.45 
3.03 
4.80 


22.0 
19.7 
23.1 
39.0 



1 The data for the rented portion of part-< 



- farms inrlmlod in Turtle 4. 



40 



FARM-MORTGAGE DEBT 



Table 3. — Number, Acreage, and Value of Owned Portion of Farms Operated by Part Owners, 1 by Mortgage Status, 

by Divisions and States: 1940-56 — Continued 

[For 1956 and 1950, no data are included for the District of Columbia; for 1945 and 194(1, District of Columbia data are included with Maryland) 





tatns 




Fa: 


ms 


Land in farms 


Value of 


and and building 


s 


Amount of mortgage debt 


Area and mortgage s 


Number 


Per- 
cent 
distri- 
bution 


Increase or 

decrease (— ) 

from preceding 

Census 


Acres 


Per- 
cent 
distri- 
bution 


Aver- 
age 
per 

farm 
(acres) 


Dollars 


Per- 
cent 
distri- 
bution 


Average value 
(dollars) 


Dollars 


Average debt 
(dollars) 


Ra- 
tio 




Per 
farm 


Per 
acre 


Per 

farm 


Per 
acre 


to. 




Number 


Per- 
cent 


(per- 
cent) 


PACIFIC 
Washington 
All farms 


..1956.. 
1950.. 
1945.. 
1940- 

1956- 
1950- 
1945.. 
1940- 

1956- 
1950- 
1945- 
1940- 

1956- 
1950- 
1945.. 
1940- 

-1956- 
1950.. 
1945- 
1940- 

1956- 
1950- 
1945- 
1040- 

-1956.. 
1950- 
1945.. 
1940- 

1956- 
1950- 
1945- 
1940- 

1956- 
1950.. 
1946.. 
1940- . 


9,991 
9,450 
9,042 
8,478 

5,195 
6,150 
5,958 
3,348 

4,796 
3,306 
3, 084 
6,130 

8,606 
8,282 
7,934 
7,841 

4,122 
4,745 
4,699 
2,921 

4,484 
3,537 
3,235 
4,920 

18, 328 
17, 478 
14, 106 
13, 991 

8,632 
10,123 
7,017 
5,297 

9,696 
7,355 
7,089 
8,694 


100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 

52.0 
65.0 
65.9 
39.5 

48.0 
35.0 
34.1 
60.5 

100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 

47.9 
57.3 
59.2 
37.3 

52.1 
42.7 
40.8 
62.7 

100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 

47.1 
57.9 
49.7 
37.9 

52.9 
42.1 
50.3 
62.1 


535 
414 
564 


5.7 
4.6 
6.7 


4, OSS, 417 
4,321,800 
4, 166, 388 

3, 238, 251 

2, 658. 332 
2, 997, 900 
2, 935, 588 
1,125,456 

2, 030, 085 
1,323,900 
1, 230, 800 
2, 112, 795 

5, 607, 477 
5, 372, 700 

5, 008, 704 

4, 403, 709 

2, 338, 318 

2, 997, 000 
2, 382, 804 
1,223,110 

3, 269, 159 
2, 375, 700 
2, 625, 900 
3, ISO, 659 

7, 884, 469 

6, 665, 500 
5, 042, 533 
4, 877, 354 

3, 737, 233 
3, 848, 300 
2, 458, 733 
1, 735, 246 

4, 147, 231 
2,817,200 
3, 183, 800 
3, 142, 108 


100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 

56.7 
69.4 
70.5 
34.8 

43.3 
30.6 
29.5 
65.2 

100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 

41.7 
55.8 
47.6 
27.8 

53.3 
44.2 
62.4 
72.2 

100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 

47.4 
57.7 
43.6 
35.6 

52.6 
42.3 
56.4 
64.4 


469.3 
457.0 
460.8 
382.0 

511.7 
487.5 
492.7 
336.2 

423.3 
400.5 
399.1 

411.9 

651.6 
648.7 
631.3 
561.6 

567.3 
631.6 
507.1 
418.7 

729.1 
671.7 
811.7 
646.5 

430.2 

3S1.4 
400.0 
348.6 

433.0 
3S0.2 
350.4 
327.6 

427.7 
383.0 
449.1 
361.4 


359, 738, 000 
247, 492, 000 
142, 824, 309 
86, 869, 926 

197, S56, 000 
156,131,000 
89, 383, 309 
24, 961, 984 

161,882,000 
91,361,000 

53, 441, 000 

61, 907, 942 

374, 452, 000 
221, 078, 000 
118,927,644 
75, 010, 002 

174,869,000 
127,864,000 

62, 969, 644 
20, 873, 501 

199,583,000 

93. 2.4, 000 
55, 958. 000 

54, 736, 501 

1,467,651,000 
821.715,000 
375, 902, 928 
229, 80S, 179 

626, 6S7, 000 
441, 587, 000 
153, 260, 928 
68, 656, 436 

840, 964, 000 
380, 128, 000 
222, 642, 000 
161,211,743 


100.0 
100.0 
100.0 

ioo.o 

55.0 
63.1 
62.6 
28.7 

45.0 
36.9 
37.4 
71.3 

100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 

46.7 
57.8 
52.9 
27.6 

53.3 
42.2 
47.1 
72.4 

100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 

42.7 
53.7 
40.8 
29.9 

57.3 
46.3 
59.2 
70.1 


36, 006 
26. 173 
15, 796 
10, 247 

38, 086 

25, 837 
15,002 

7,456 

33, 754 

27, 635 
17, 328 
12, 068 

43, 511 

26, 694 
14, 990 

9,643 

42, 423 
26. 947 
13, 401 
7,146 

44,510 
26, 354 

17, 29S 
11,125 

80, 077 
47, 014 

26, 64s 
16, 430 

72, 600 
43, 622 
21,841 
12, 961 

86, 733 
51,6S3 
31,407 

18, 543 


76.73 
57.27 
34.28 
26.83 

74.43 
52.08 
30.45 
22.18 

79.74 
69.01 
43.42 
29.30 

66.78 
41.15 
23.74 
17.17 

74.78 
42.66 
26.43 
17.07 

61.05 
39.24 
21.31 
17.21 

186.14 
123. 28 
66.62 
47.13 

167. 69 
114.75 
62. 33 
39.57 

202. 78 
134. 93 
69. 93 
51.31 


39, 661, 000 
21, 618, 000 
14, 429, 000 
25, 002, 000 


3,970 
2,286 
1, 596 
2,949 


8.46 
5.00 
3.46 
7.72 


11.0 
8.7 
10.1 




-955 

192 

2,610 


-15.5 
3.2 
78.0 


































Mortgaged 


1,490 

222 

-2,046 


45.1 

7.2 

-39.9 


39, 661, 000 
21, 613. 000 
14, 429, 000 
25, 002, 000 

49, 896, 000 
23, 080, 000 
14, 605, 000 
22,261,000 


8.270 
6.539 
4.679 
4,874 

5,798 
2,787 
1,841 
2,839 


19.54 
16.33 
11.72 
11.83 

8.90 
4.30 
2.92 
5.05 


24.5 
23.7 
27.0 


Oregon 
All farms - .. 


324 
348 
93 


3.9 
4.4 
1.2 


13.3 

10.4 
12.3 




-623 

46 

1,778 


-13.1 
10.0 
60.9 


































Mortgaged 

California 
All farms-.. 


947 

302 

-1,685 

850 

3,372 

115 


26.8 

9. 3 

-34.2 

4.9 
23.9 

0.8 


49, 896, 000 
23, 080, 000 
14,605,000 
22, 261, 000 

167, 352. 000 
84, 412, 000 
51, 653, 000 
60,911,000 


11, 128 
6, 525 
4, 515 
4, 525 

9,131 
4,830 
3,662 
4,354 


16.26 
9.72 
5.56 
7.00 

21.23 
12.66 
9.15 
12.49 


25.0 
24.8 
26.1 
40.7 

11.4 
10.3 
13.7 




-1, 491 
3,106 
1,720 


-14.7 
44.3 
32.5 


































Mortgaged 


2,341 

266 

-1, 605 


31.8 

3.8 

-18.5 


167,352,000 
84,412,000 
51, 653, 000 
60,911,000 


17, 260 
11, 477 
7,286 
7,006 


40.35 
29.96 
16.22 
19.39 


19.9 
22.2 
23.2 











1 The data for the rented portion of part-owner farms included in Table 4. 



FARM-MORTGAGE DEBT 



41 



Table 4. — Acreage, Value, and Amount of Mortgage Debt for Rented ' and Managed Land, by Mortgage Status, by Divisions 

and States: 1940-56 



[For 1950 and 1950, no data are Include;! for the District of Columbia; for 194S and 1940, 


District of Columbia data 


ire included with Marylai 


d] 








Farms 


Land In farms 


Value of land and buildings 


Amount of mortgage debt 


Area and mortgage st;ihis 


Number 


Percent 
dlstribu- 

1 Inn 


Incrcaso or decrease 
(—) from preceding 
Census 


Acres 


Percent 

distribu- 
tion 


Dollars 


Percent 
distribu- 
tion 


Average 
per acre 
lollai 


Dollars 


A \ rravc 
per acre 
(dollars) 


Iialio 
to value 
(per- 
cent) 




Number 


Percent 


UNITED STATES 

1980.. 

1045- 
1940.. 


1, 170, 133 
1, 467, 646 

1, 897. S06 

2, 307, 622 

(NA) 
1,163, 816 
1,454,585 
1,648,573 

(NA) 
304, S30 
442, 721 
749, 049 


100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 

(NA) 
79.2 

76. 7 

68.8 

(NA) 
20.8 
23.3 
31.2 


-207, 513 

-429.060 
-600,316 


-20.3 
-22. 6 
-20.9 


501, 798, 474 
511,291,100 
636, 998, 353 
534,114,919 

419,309,145 
433, 103, 000 
402, 879, 190 

351, 076, 378 

82, 489. 329 
78, 188, 100 
134, 118. 863 
183, 039. 541 


100. 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 

83.6 

84.7 
75.0 

05 7 

16.4 
15.3 
25.0 
34.3 


43, 606, 855, 000 
30, 574, 468, 000 
19, 383, 544, 230 
14, 780, 262, 212 

34,037,138.000 
24. 353, 992. 000 
14. 036, 509, 230 
9, 152, 048, 782 

9, 569, 717, 000 
6, 190, 476. 000 
5, 317, 035, 000 
5, 628, 213, 460 


100. 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 

78.1 
79.8 
72.4 
61.9 

21.9 
20.2 
27.6 
38.1 


86. 90 
59.80 
36.10 
27.67 

81.17 
56.30 
34. 84 
26.07 

116.01 
79.17 
39.87 
30.75 


2, 034, 255, 000 
1,284,344,000 
1,376.092,000 
2,127,359,000 


4.05 
2.61 
2.56 
3.98 


4.7 
4.2 
7.1 
14.4 


Free from debt 1066. . 


(NA) 
-291, 769 
- 193,988 


(NA) 
-20.1 
-11.8 


I960.. 








1945.. 








1940- 








Mortgagod 1956.. 

1950.. 
1945.. 
1940.. 


(NA) 
-137,891 
-306.328 


(NA) 
-31.1 
-40.9 


2, 034, 255, 000 
1,284,344,000 
1, 376, 092, 000 
2,127,359,000 


24. 66 
16.43 
10.26 
11.62 


21.3 

20.7 
25.7 
37.8 








GEOGRAPHIC DIVISIONS 

New England 

All farms 1950 

1950.. 
1945.. 
1940.. 


3, 060 
4,596 
7,998 

11, 670 

(NA) 
3,371 
6, 069 
7,374 

(NA) 
1. 225 
1,929 

4, 296 

19, 276 
25, 243 
41. 663 
54, 461 

(NA) 

20, 458 
33, 562 
40, 250 

(NA) 
4.7S5 
8,101 
14, 201 

154, 035 
178, 627 
230, 903 
286, 190 

(NA) 
142, 15S 
177, 563 
207, 035 

(NA) 
36, 439 
53, 340 
79, 155 

247, 136 
279, 317 
358, 143 
467, 062 

(NA) 
222, 165 
267, 696 
331, 438 

(NA) 
57, 152 
90,447 
135, 624 


100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 

(NA) 
73.3 
75.9 
63. 2 

(NA) 
26.7 
24.1 
30.8 

100.0 

100.0 
100.0 

100.0 

(NA) 
81.0 
80.6 
73.9 

(NA) 
19.0 
19.4 
26.1 

100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 

(NA) 
79.6 
76.9 
72.3 

(NA) 
20.4 
23.1 
27.7 

100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 

(NA) 
79.5 
74.7 
71.0 

(NA) 
20.5 
25.3 
29.0 


-1.536 
-3, 402 
-3.072 


-33.4 
-42.5 
-31.5 


1, 413. 378 
1, 481, 400 
1, 622, 312 
1, 904, 129 

932, 855 
1, 128. 800 
1, 217. 512 
1,151,833 

430. 523 
352, 600 
404. 800 
752. 296 

5, 409, 192 
5, 693, 200 
7,339.372 
7, 718, 279 

3, 739, 861 

4, 553, 800 

5, 717. 372 
5, 23S, 460 

1, 669. 331 
1, 139. 400 

1, 622, 000 

2, 479, 819 

42, 727. 433 
43. 937, 900 

47, 602. 039 

48, 235, 024 

34, 727, 643 

35, 533. 700 
3.5. 410. S39 
31. 925, 752 

7, 999. 790 

8, 404. 200 
12, 185, 200 
16, 309. 272 

128, 825. 480 

129, 833. 200 
143, 990, 516 
157, 954. 735 

104.200.108 
109, 739, 600 
105,723,153 
110,849,884 

24. 626 378 
20, 093. 600 
38, 267. 363 
47,101,851 


100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 

69.5 
70.2 
75.0 
00.5 

30.5 
23.8 
25.0 
39.5 

100. 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 

69.1 
80.0 
77.9 
67.9 

30.9 
20.0 
22.1 
32. 1 

100.0 
100.0 
100.0 

100. 

SI. 3 
80.9 

74.4 
66.2 

18.7 
19.1 
25.6 
33.8 

100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 

SO. 9 
84.5 
73.4 
70.2 

19.1 
15.5 
26.6 
29.8 


165, 845, 000 
165,037,000 
161, 150, 933 
135, 544, 092 

120. 19?, 000 
132.375,000 
118,079.933 

67, 003, 735 

45, 653, 000 
32, 661, 000 
42,471.000 

68. 5 10, 957 

863,961,000 
074, 612, 000 
572, 653, 209 
490, 866, 597 

637, 913. 000 
518.2S1.000 
443, 514, 209 
311,653,886 

226, 051, 000 
156,331,000 
129. 139. 000 
179,207,711 

9, 442, 158, 000 
6,556,921,000 

4, 539, 546, 437 
3,221,228,045 

7, 617. 504, 000 

5, 259. 001. 000 
3.318,742,437 
2, 100, 472, 280 

1, 824, 654, 000 
1. 297. 920. 000 
1, 220, 804, 000 
1, 120. 755, 765 

12, 327, 689, 000 
9, 007, 475, 000 

6, 052, 531, 783 
4. 005, 529. 574 

9, 483, 177, 000 

7, 289, 514, 000 
4, 350, 901, 783 
2.925.031,327 

2,841.512,000 
1.777,961,000 
1,701,570,000 
1,080,498,247 


100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 

72.5 
80.2 
73.6 
49.4 

27.5 
19.8 
26. 4 
50.6 

100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 

73.8 
76.8 
77.4 
63.5 

26.2 
23.2 
22.6 
36.5 

100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 

80.7 
80.2 
73.1 
65.2 

19.3 
19.8 
26.9 
34.8 

100.0 
100.0 

100.0 
100.0 

76.9 
80.4 
71.9 
63. 5 

23.1 
19.6 
28.1 
36.5 


117.34 
111.41 
99.33 
71.18 

117.27 
97. 4S 
58.17 

106. 04 
92.63 

104. 92 
91.11 

159. 72 
118.49 
73.02 
63.60 

170. 57 
113. 81 
77.57 
59.49 

135. 41 
137. 20 
79.62 
72.27 

220. 99 
149. 23 
95.36 
66.78 

219. 35 
148.00 
93.71 
65.79 

228. 09 
154. 44 
100. 19 
68.72 

95. 69 
69.84 
42.03 
29.16 

91.01 
66.43 
41.15 
26.39 

115.51 
88.48 
44.47 
36.68 1 


11, 963, 000 
7, 477. 000 
9, 3S3, 000 

19, 429, 000 


8.46 
5.05 
5.78 
10.20 


7.2 
4.5 
5.8 
113 


Free from debt 1955 

1950.. 


(NA) 
-2, 698 
-1.305 


(NA) 
-44.5 
-17.7 


1945.. 








1940.. 








Mortgaged 1956 

1950.. 
1945.. 
1940. . 


(NA) 

-704 
-2, 357 


(NA) 
-36. 5 
-55.1 


11,963,000 
7, 477, 000 
9, 383, 000 

19. 429. 000 

60, 326, 000 

36. 555, 000 

37, 598, 000 
59, 302. 000 


27.79 
21. 21 
23.18 
25.83 

11.15 
6.42 
5.12 
7.68 


26.2 
22.9 
22.1 
28.3 

7.0 
5.4 
6.6 
12.1 


Middle Atlantic 

1950- 

1945- 
1940- 


-5, 967 
-16,420 
-12,798 


-23.6 
-39.4 
-23.5 


Free from debt 1956 


(NA) 
-13,104 
-6, 698 


(NA) 
-39.0 
-16.6 


1950.. 








1945.. 








1940- 








Mortgaged 1955 

1950.. 
1945- 
1940.. 


(NA) 
-3,316 
-6, 100 


(NA) 
-40.9 
-43.0 


60, 326, 000 

36, 555, 000 

37, 598, 000 
59, 302, 000 

3S9, 088, 000 
265, 103, 000 
282, 578, 000 
422, 464. 000 


36.14 
32.08 
23.18 
23. 91 

9.11 
6.03 

5.94 
8.76 


26.7 
23.4 
29.1 


East North Central 


-24, 592 
-52, 276 
-55, 287 


-13.8 
-22.6 
-19.3 


4.1 
4.0 
6.2 
13.1 


1950.. 
1945.. 
1910- 


Free from debt... . 1956 


(NA) 
-35, 405 
-29, 472 


(NA) 
-19.9 
-14.2 


1950- 








1945.. 








1940.. 








Mortgaged 1956. 

1950- 
1945.. 
1940.. 


(NA) 
-16,871 
-25, 815 


(NA) 
-31.6 
-32.6 


389, 088, 000 
265, 108, 000 
282, 578, 000 
422, 464, 000 

585,591,000 

350, 031, 000 
4S4, 097, 000 
756, 410, 000 


48.64 
31. 54 
23.19 
25.90 

4. 55 
2.70 
3.36 
4.79 


21.3 
20.4 
23.1 


West North Central 

All farms 1956. 

1950- 
1945- 
1940- 


-32, 181 
-78, 826 
-108,919 


-11.5 
-22.0 
-23.3 


4.8 
3.9 
8.0 


Free from debt 1956 


(NA) 
-46,531 

-63,742 


(NA) 
-17.0 
-19.2 




1950- 








1945- 








1940.. 








Mortgaged" 1956.. 

1950- 
1945.. 
1940.. 


(NA) 
-33, 295 
-45,177 


(NA) 
-36.8 
-33.3 


585, 591, 000 
350, 031, 000 
484, 097, 000 
756, 410, 000 


23.78 

17.42 
12.65 
16.06 


20.6 
19.7 
28.5 
45.0 



NA Not available. 

1 The data, except for number of farms, include figures for the rented portion of part-owner farms. 



42 



FARM-MORTGAGE DEBT 



Table 4. — Acreage, Value, and Amount of Mortgage Debt for Rented i and Managed Land, by Mortgage Status, by Divisions 

and States: 1940-56 — Continued 

[For 1950 and 1950, no data are included for the District of Columbia; for 1945 and 1940, District of Columbia data are included with Maryland] 



Area and mortgage stains 



['eicnl 
distribu- 
tion 



Increase or decrease 
C— ) from preceding 
Census 



Number Percent 



Land in farms 



Percent 
distribu- 
tion 



Value of land and buildings 



Percent 
distribu- 
tion 



Average 
per acre 

(dollars) 



Amount of mortgage debt 



Average 
per acre 
'dollars) 



Ratio 
to valuo 
(per- 
cent) 



South Atlantic 



All farms 1956- 

1950, . 
1945.. 
1940- 



Morlgaged. 



East South Central 

All farms 1956- 

1950.. 
1945.. 
1940.. 

Free from debt 1956— 

1950.. 
1945- 
1940- 



1950. 
1945. 
1940. 



West South Central 



Free from debt. 



Mortgaged 



Flee from debl. 



.195fi 
1950. 
1945. 
1940. 

.1956. 
1950. 
1945. . 
1940 



.1956 
1950 
1945. 
1940. 

-1956 
1950 
1945 
1940. 

.19:6 
1950 
1945. 
1940 



1950- 
1945- 
1940- 

Freefrom debt 1956.. 

1950- 
1945.. 
1940- 

Mortgaged 1956- 

1950- 
1945- 
1940- 



245, 437 
311,614 
40?, 035 
435, 790 

(NA) 
257, 001 
325,671 
315, 902 

(NA) 
54, 613 
76,354 

119, 888 



25 1,397 
336,311 
409, 326 
514, 929 

(NA) 
•259, 142 
302, 924 
315, 181 



194, 220 
267, 330 
367, 111 
512, 154 

(NA) 

209.964 
279. 328 
353, 485 

(NA) 
57, 372 
87, 783 

If 8. 669 



28, 761 
33,160 
41, 355 
59. 725 

(NA) 
24, 496 
32, 220 
41, 693 



26,811 
31,412 
38, 772 
55, 641 

(NA) 
24, 061 
29, 552 
36. 205 

(NA) 
7,351 
9,220 
19, 436 



100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 

(NA) 
82.5 
81.0 
72.5 

(NA) 
17.5 
19.0 
27.5 



100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 

(NA) 
77.0 
74.0 
61.2 

(NA) 
23.0 
26.0 



100.0 
100.0 
100. 
100.0 



100. 
100. 
100. 
100.0 



100. 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 

(NA) 
76.6 
76.2 
65.1 

(NA) 
23.4 
23.8 
34.9 



-66, 177 
-90, 421 
-33. 755 



(NA) 
-21, 751 
-43, 524 



(NA) 

-43,782 

-12,257 



(NA) 
-29. 203 
-93, 346 



-73,116 
-99, 775 
-145,043 



(NA) 
-09, 304 
-74, 157 



(NA) 
-30, 411 

-70, ass 



-4,399 
-8, 195 
-18.370 



(NA) 
-7, 724 
-9,473 



-4,601 
-7,300 
-16.860 



(NA) 
-5,491 
-6, 653 



-21.2 
-22.5 
-7.7 



(NA) 
-28.5 
-36.3 



-25.3 
-17.8 
-20.5 



(NA) 
-14.4 
-3.9 



(NA) 
-27.4 
-46.7 



(NA) 
-24.8 
-21.0 



(NA) 
-34.6 
-44.7 



(NA) 
-5.2 
-49.3 



-14.6 
-19.0 
-30.3 



(NA) 
-18.fi 
-18.4 



(NA) 
-20.3 
-52.6 



29, 722. 523 

33, 554, 300 

34, 689, 234 
39, 658, 266 

24, 548. 676 
28. 243, 600 
26,519,634 
26, 751, 449 

5, 173, 847 
5,310,700 
8, 168. 600 
12,906,817 



22, 155, 757 
25. 3.5] , 300 
26, 142, 154 
31,119,690 

17, 453, 815 
19, 773, 000 
18. 385. 754 
17, 833, 334 

4 701,942 
5, 678, 300 
7, 756, 400 
13, 280, 356 



99, 275, 739 
103. 844, 300 
101,793,116 
112. 258, 940 



20,057,410 

23, 289, 500 
30,984,500 
51,403,569 



137,051,109 
133, 908, 500 
141,009,145 
104,156.802 

125, 037. 448 
124, 147, 700 
115.236.045 
77, 175. 415 

12,013,6fil 
9, 760. 800 
25, 773, 100 
26,9S1,3S7 



35, 217, 857 
33, 687. 000 
32, SI 1,465 
31, 109, 048 

29, 400. 410 
29, 42S. 000 
23, 854. 565 
19, 293. 874 

5,817.447 
4, 259, 000 
8, 956, 900 
11,815,174 



100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 



100. 
100.0 
100.0 
100. 



100. 
100.0 
100.0 
100. 



77.6 
69.6 
54.2 



100. 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 

91.2 
92.7 
81.7 
74.1 



100. 
100.0 
100.0 
100. 



87.4 
72.7 
62.0 



3, 314, 359, 000 
2, 224, 344, 000 
1, 432, 355, 785 
1, 185, 291, 133 

2, 697, 180, 000 

1,818,009,000 

1, 093, 709, 785 

786, 907, 854 

617, 179, 000 
406, 335, 000 
338, 640. 000 
398, 383, 279 



1,992,421,000 

1, 743, 761, 000 

1, 098, 277, 968 

931,988,872 

1,531,231,000 

1,286,031.000 

742,851,968 

504, 994, 454 

481,190,000 
457,730,000 
355, 426, 000 
426,994,418 



6, 946, 613, 000 
4,859,503,000 

2, 686, 326, 792 
2,231,231,385 

5, 097, 979, 000 

3, 786, 343, 000 
1,839,497,792 
1, 267, 540, 259 

1,848,634,000 

1,073,160,000 

846, 829, 000 

963,691,126 



3, 299, 490. 000 

2, 150, 524, 000 

1,092,953,927 

744, 475, 928 

2, 620, 607, 000 

1,771,677,000 

S33, 116,927 

446, 676, 929 

678, 883, 000 
378, 847, 000 
259, 837, 000 
297, 798, 999 



5,254,316,000 
3,132,291,000 
1,747,747,396 
1,234,106,016 

4, 231, 355, 000 

2, 522, 760, 000 

1, 295, 434, 396 

741, 763, 058 

1,022.961,000 
609, 531, 000 
452,313,000 
492, 342, 958 



100. 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 



100. 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 



23.1 

26.2 
32.4 
45.8 



100. 
100.0 
100. 
100. 



77.9 
68.5 
56.8 

26.6 
22.1 
31.5 



100. 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 

79.4 
82.4 
76.2 
60.0 



10(1.0 
100. 
100.0 
190.11 



19.5 
25.9 
39.9 



111.51 
66.29 
41.29 
29.89 

109. 87 
64.37 
41.24 
29.42 

119. 29 
76.51 
41.46 
30.87 



68.78 
42.01 
29.95 

87.73 
05. 04 
40.40 

28. 32 



69.97 

46.80 
20. 39 
19. 8S 

64.35 
47.00 

25. 98 
2(1. 83 



24.07 
16.06 
7.75 



2d. 99 
14.27 
7.23 



56. 51 
38.81 
10. 08 
11.04 



143 112 
85.73 
54.31 
38.45 

175. 84 
143. 12 
50.50 
41.67 



122, 333, 000 
109,931,000 
106,577,000 
154, 563, 000 



122, 333. 000 
109,931,000 
106, 577, 000 
154.563,000 



367, 898, 000 
208,496,000 
202,428,000 
308, 966, 000 



307, 898, 000 
20S, 496, 000 
202, 428, 000 



148,121,000 
71,922,000 
63, 212, 000 

101,913,000 



148,121,000 
71,922,000 
63, 212, 000 

101,913,000 



105.226,0110 
135, 226, 000 
103, 359, 000 
172, 896, 000 



195, 226. 000 
135,226,000 
103, 359, 000 
172, 896, 000 



5.17 
2.97 
2.50 
3.31 



29.71 
18.75 
10. 63 
10. IS 



20. 02 
19.71 
13.74 
11.63 



0.54 
0.45 
0.98 



4.01 
3.15 
5.56 



33. 50 
31.75 
11.54 
14.63 



NA Not available. 

1 The data, except for number of farms, include figures for the rented portion of part-owner farms. 



FARM-MORTGAGE DEBT 



43 



Table 4. — Acreage, Value, and Amount of Mortgage Debt for Rented ' and Managed Land, by Mortgage Status, by Divisions 

and States: 1940-56 — Continued 



[For 1950 and 1950, no dalsi ore Included for the District of Col 


lrnbia; for 1945 and 1940, 


District of Columbia data c 


re included with Maryland] 






3(US 


Farms 


Land in 


farms 


Value of land and buildings 


Amount of 


mortgage debt 


Area and mortgage st 


Number 


Percent 
distribu- 
tion 


Increase or decrease 
(— ) from preceding 
Census 


Acres 


Percent 
distribu- 
tion 


Dollars 


Percent 
distribu- 
tion 


Average 
per acre 
(dollars) 


Dollars 


Average 
per acre 
(dollars) 


Ratio 
to value 
(per- 
cent) 




Number 


Percent 


NEW ENOLANE 
Maine 
All farms 


1956.. 
1950- . 
1945.. 
1940.. 

1956- 
1950.. 
1945- 
1940.. 

1956- 
1950.. 
1945.. 
1940- 

1956.. 
1950. . 
1945.. 
1940- 

1956.. 
1950.. 
1945. . 
1940- 

1956.. 
1950. . 
1945.. 
1940- . 

1956- 
1950- 
1945- 
1940- 

1956. - 
1950 
1945- 
1940. . 

1956. . 
1950- 
1945. - 
1940- 

1956. . 
1950 
1945- 
1940. - 

1956- - 
1950-. 
1945- 
1940.. 

1956- . 
1950. . 
1945- . 
1940-- 

.1956-. 
1950. . 
1945. . 
1940. - 

.1956- 
1950- 
1945- 
1940. - 

1956- 
1950- 
1945- 
1940- 


649 

885 

1.548 

2,730 

(NA) 
615 
1,283 
2,072 

(NA) 
270 
265 

658 

299 

535 

906 

1,212 

(NA) 
430 
657 

686 

(NA) 
105 
249 
526 

844 
1,029 
1,623 
2,630 

(NA) 
779 
1,285 
1,639 

(NA) 
250 
338 
991 

674 
1,014 
1,835 
2,825 

(NA) 
679 
1,280 
1,595 

(NA) 
335 
555 

1,230 

117 
207 
425 
380 

(NA) 
154 
320 
280 

(NA) 

53 
105 
100 


100.0 

100.0 
100.0 
100.0 

(NA) 
69.5 
82.9 
75.9 

(NA) 
30.5 
17.1 
24.1 

100.0 

100.0 
100.0 
100.0 

(NA) 
80.4 
72.5 
56.6 

(NA) 
19.6 
27.5 
43.4 

100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 

(NA) 
75.7 
79.2 
62.3 

(NA) 
24.3 
20.8 
37.7 

100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 

(NA) 
67.0 
69.8 
56.5 

(NA) 
33.0 
30.2 

100. 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 

(NA) 
74.4 
75.3 

73.7 

(NA) 
25.6 
24.7 
26.3 


-336 

-663 

-1, 182 


-38.0 
-42.8 
-43.3 


230, 773 
268, 700 
278, 537 
384, 332 

180, 695 
203, 200 
224, 137 
272, 308 

50,078 
65,500 
54,400 
112,024 

190, 725 
203, 800 
234, 833 
235, 353 

123, 590 
143, 200 
169, 733 
108, 186 

67, 135 
60,600 
65, 100 
127, 167 

471, 344 
439, 600 
423, 721 
614, 719 

277, 622 
343, 300 
319, 821 
372, 905 

193, 722 
96, 300 
103, 900 
241, 814 

243, 102 
261, 800 
290, 213 
342, 586 

182, 570 
212, 900 
204, 213 
192, 903 

60,532 
48,900 
86, 000 
149,683 

24,661 
41,800 
71, 727 
48, 756 

18,940 
32, 100 
56, 427 
37,287 

5,721 

9,700 
16.300 
11,469 


100.0 
100. 
100.0 
100.0 

78.3 
75.6 
80.5 
70.9 

21.7 
24.4 
19.6 
29.1 

100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 

64.8 
70.3 
72.3 
46.0 

35.2 
29.7 
27.7 
54.0 

100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 

58.9 
78.1 
75.6 
60.7 

11.1 
21.9 
24.5 
39.3 

100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 

75.1 
81.3 
70.4 
56.3 

24.9 
18.7 
29.6 
13.7 

100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 

76.8 
76.7 
78.7 
76.5 

23.2 
23.3 
21.3 
23.5 


13,190,000 
10, 988, 000 

10, 947, 120 

11, 620, 667 

10, 684, 000 
12,833,000 
8, 569, 120 
6, 674, 841 

2, 506, 000 
4,155,000 
2, 378, 000 

4, 945, 826 

13, 187, 000 
14,619,000 
10, 365, 270 
8, 144, 494 

8, 347, 000 
12, 180. 000 
7, 292, 270 
2, 713, 03S 

4, 840, 000 
2, 439, 000 
3, 073, 000 

5, 431, 456 

23, 690, 000 
21,689,000 
14, 546, 584 
17, 771, 555 

13, 59S, 0Q0 
16,008.000 
11, 105, 584 
8, 603, 167 

10, 092, 000 

5, 681, ono 
3,441,000 
9, 168, 388 

47. 425, 000 
39, 712, 000 
47, 880, 133 
40,991,776 

31,301,000 
33, 562, 000 
33, 659, 133 
23, 588. 754 

16,124,000 

6, ISO. 000 
14,221,000 
17, 403, 022 

8, 291, 000 
9, 074, 000 

9, 719, 660 
6, 839, 351 

7,371,000 
7, 139, 000 
7, 374, 660 
4, 950, 199 

920, 000 
1, 935, 000 
2, 345, 000 
1, 889, 152 


100.0 

100.0 
100.0 
100.0 

81.0 
75.5 
78.3 
57.4 

19.0 
24.6 
21.7 
42.6 

100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 

63.3 
83.3 
70.4 
33.3 

36.7 
16.7 
29.6 
66.7 

100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 

57.4 
73.8 
76.3 

48.4 

42.6 
26.2 
23.7 

51.6 

100.0 

100.0 
100.0 
100.0 

66.0 
84.4 
70.3 

57.5 

34.0 
15.6 
29.7 
42.6 

100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 

88.9 
78.7 
75.9 
72.4 

11.1 
21.3 
24.1 
27.6 


57.16 
59.25 
39.30 
30.24 

59.13 

58.02 
38.23 
24.51 

50.04 
63.44 
43.71 
44.15 

69.14 
71.73 
44.14 
34.61 

67.54 

85. 06 
42.96 
25.08 

72.09 
40.25 
47.20 
42.71 

50.26 
49.34 
34.33 
28.91 

48.98 
46.63 
34.72 
23.07 

62.10 
58,99 
33.12 
37.92 

195.08 
151.80 
164.98 
119.65 

171.45 

157. 64 
164. 82 
122.28 

266.37 
126.38 
165. 36 
116.27 

336.20 
217. OS 
135. 51 
140.28 

389. IS 
222. 40 
130. 69 
132, 76 

160.81 
199.48 
153.27 
164. 72 


704, 000 

859, 000 

585, 000 

1, 428, 000 


3.06 
3.00 
2.10 
3.72 


5.3 
6.1 
5.3 
12.3 


Free from debt 


(NA) 

-668 
-789 


(NA) 
-51.3 
-38.1 


























Mortgaged 


(NA) 

5 
-393 


(NA) 

1.9 
-69.7 


704, 000 

859. noo 

585, 000 

1,428,000 

1, 210, 000 
701,000 
611.000 

1, 263, 000 


14.06 
13.11 
10.75 
12.75 

6.34 
3.44 
2.60 
5.37 


28.1 

20.7 
24.6 
28.9 

9.2 
4.8 

6.9 
15.5 


New Hampshire 
All farms 


-236 
-371 
-306 


-44.1 
-40.9 
-25.2 


Free from debt.. 


(NA) 
-227 
-29 


(NA) 
-34.6 
-4.2 


























Mortgaged- 


(NA) 
-144 
-277 


(NA) 
-57.8 
-62.7 


1,210,000 
701,000 
611,000 

1, 263, 000 

2, 715, 000 
1,422,000 
1, 253, 000 
3,741,000 


18.02 
11.57 
9.39 
9.93 

5.76 
3.23 
2.96 
6.09 


25.0 
28.7 
19.9 
23.3 

11.5 
6.6 
8.6 

21.1 


Vermont 
All farms 


-185 

-594 

-1,007 


-18.0 
-36.6 
-38.3 


Free from debt 


(NA) 
-506 
-354 


(NA) 
-39.4 
-21.6 


























Mortgaged 


(NA) 
-88 
-653 


(NA) 
-26.0 
-65.9 


2, 715, 000 
1. 422, 000 
1.253,000 

3, 741, 000 

4, 708. 000 
1, 303, 000 
3, 200. 000 

5, 768, 000 


14.01 
14.77 
12.06 
15.47 

19.37 
4.98 
11.03 
16.84 


26.9 
25.0 
36.4 
40.8 

9.9 
3.3 
6.7 
14.1 


Massachusetts 
All farms 


-340 
-821 
-990 


-33.5 

-44.7 
-35.0 


Free from debt 


(NA) 
-601 
-316 


(NA) 
-47.0 
-19.7 


























Mortgaged-- 

Rhode Island 
All farms 


(NA) 
-220 
-675 

-90 

-218 

45 


(NA) 
-39.6 
-54.9 

-30.3 

-61.3 

11.8 


4, 708, 000 
1, 303, 000 
3, 200, 000 

5, 768, 000 

157,000 
297.000 
706. 000 
689, 000 


77.78 
26.65 
37.21 
38. 53 

6.37 
7.11 
9.84 
14.13 


29.2 
21.1 
22.5 
33.1 

1.9 
3.3 
7.3 
10.1 


Free from debt 


(NA) 
-166 
40 

(NA) 
-52 

5 


(NA) 
-51.9 
14.3 

(NA) 
-49.5 
5.0 


























Mortgaged . 


157, 000 
297, 000 
706. 000 
689. 000 


27.44 
30.62 
46.14 
60.70 


17.1 
15.4 
30.1 
36.5 



NA Not available. 

* The data, except for number of farms, Include fig 



; for the rented portion of part-owner farms. 



44 



FARM-MORTGAGE DEBT 



Table 4.- — -Acreage, Value, and Amount of Mortgage Debt for Rented ' and Managed Land, by Mortgage Status, by Divisions 

and States: 1940-56 — Continued 

[For 1956 and 1950, no data are included for the District of Columbia; for 1945 and 1940, District of Columbia data are included with Maryland] 



Area and mortgage status 



Percent 
distribu- 
tion 



Increase or decrease 
(—) from preceding 
Census 



Number Percent 



Land in farms 



Percent 
distribu- 
tion 



Value of land and buildings 



Percent 
distribu- 
tion 



Amount of mortgage debt 



Average 
per acre 
(dollars) 



Ratio 
to value 
(per- 
cent) 



NEW ENGLAND— Con. 



All farms.... -... ..1956- 

1950. 
1945 
1940 



Free from debt. 



-1956 
1950 
1945 
1940. 



MIDDLE ATLANTIC 
New York 



Free from debt. 



.19511 
1950. 
1945. 
1940. 

.1956. 
1950. 
1945. 
1940. 

1956. 
1950. 
1945. 
1940- 



Fiei from debt. 



.1956.. 
1950. . 
1945- . 
1940. . 

-1956- 
1950. . 
1945.. 
1940.. 



Mori gaged 1956. 

1950. 
1945. 
1940. 



All farms.— 1956 

1950. 

1945.. 

1940. 



.1956. 
1950. 
1945- 
1940. 

.1956. 
1950- 
1945. 
1940. 



Free from debt . 



EAST NORTH CENTRAL 



Free from debt . 



..1956 
1950. 
1945- 
1940. 

Mortgaged- 1956 

1950. . 

1945. 

1940. 



5,613 
8,467 
14, 375 
21, 138 

(NA) 
6,862 
10, 885 
14, 579 

(NA) 
1,605 
3,490 
6,559 



1,675 

2, 227 
3.24H 
4,465 



11,988 
14, 549 
24, 012 
28, 858 



(NA) 
2,641 
3,828 
6,183 



(NA) 
29,164 
39, 285 
47, 175 

(NA) 
7,200 
10, 124 
15, 452 



100.0 
100. 
100.0 
100.0 



(NA) 
22.9 
25.1 
41.8 



100.0 
100.0 
100. 
100.0 



(NA) 
19.0 
24.3 
31.0 



100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 

(NA) 
75.8 
75.9 
67.3 

(NA) 
24.2 
24.1 
32.7 



100.0 
100.0 
100.0 

1110. 



(NA) 
18.2 
15.9 
21.4 



100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 



(NA) 
-4, 023 
-3, 694 



-552 
-1,019 
-1.219 



(NA) 
-1, 187 
-2,355 



-6, 362 
-13,045 

-13. 21S 



(NA) 
-10,121 
-7, 890 



(NA) 
-2, 924 
-5, 328 



-37.7 
-44.3 
-12.3 



(NA) 
-530 
142 


(NA) 
-42.6 
12.9 


(NA) 
-205 
-374 


(NA) 
-49.2 
-47.3 



-33.7 
-41.1 
-32.0 



(NA) 
-37.0 
-25.3 



(NA) 
-54.0 
-46.8 



-24.8 
-31.4 
-27.3 



(NA) 
-31.5 
-18.1 



(NA) 
-31.2 
-46.3 



(NA) 
-31.0 
-38.1 



(NA) 
-25.8 
-16.7 



252, 773 
265, 700 
323,281 
278, 383 


100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 


199, 438 
194, 100 
243, 181 
168,244 


78.9 
73.0 
75.2 
60.4 


53, 335 

71,600 
80, 100 
110, 139 


21.1 
27.0 
24.8 
39.6 


2, 489. 013 

2, 621, 300 

3. 462, 984 
3, 699, 108 


100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 


1, 859, 293 
2, 130, 200 
2. 565, 9S4 
2, 405, 600 


74.7 
81.3 
74.1 
65.0 


629, 720 

491, 100 

897, 000 

1, 293. 508 


25.3 
18.7 
25.9 
35.0 


437, 877 
460, 300 
537, 634 
530, 272 


100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 


348, 988 
350, 800 
398, 234 
328, 669 


79.7 
76.2 
74.1 
62.0 


88, 889 
109.500 
139, 400 
201, 603 


20.3 
23.8 
25.9 
38.0 


2, 482, 302 
2,611.600 

3, 338. 754 
3, 488, 899 


100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 


1,631.580 
2. 072. 800 
2. 753, 154 
2, 504, 191 


61.7 
79.4 
82.5 
71.8 


950, 722 
538.800 
585, 600 
984, 708 


38.3 
20.6 
17.6 

28.2 


7, 272, 189 

7, 559. 600 

8, 361, 667 
8, 558, 446 


100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 


6, 086, 822 
6, 083, 100 
6, 589, 867 
5, 947, 181 


83.7 
80.5 
78.8 
69.5 


1,185,367 
1, 476. 500 

1. 771, 800 

2, 611, 265 


16.3 
19.5 
21.2 
30.5 



60. 062, 000 
62, 925, 000 
67, 692, 160 
50, 176, 849 

48.891,000 
50. 654, 000 
50, 679, 166 
20, 473, 736 

11,171,000 
12, 271. 000 
17, 013. 000 
29, 703, 113 



306, 964, 000 
253,101,000 
244, 969. 731 
206, 000, 597 

213, 647, 000 
193, 347, 000 
ISO, 882, 731 
133, 324, 549 

93. 317, 000 
59, S44, 000 
64, 087, 000 
72. 676, 048 



133, S43, 000 
96, 471, 000 
78, 883, 334 



107, 744, 000 
72, 240, 000 
58,121,334 
35,787,848 

26, 099. 000 
24, 231, 000 
20, 762, 000 
23. 099, 148 



423, 157, 000 
324, 950. 000 
248, 800. 144 
225, 979, 004 

316, 622. 000 
252, 694, 000 
204,510,114 
142, 546, 489 

106. 635. 000 
72, 256. 000 
44, 290. 000 
83, 432, 515 



1,631.080.000 

1, 068, 302, 000 

731, 889, 549 

646, 659, 326 

1, 310, 748, 000 
854. 941. 000 
568, 866. 549 
366, 116, 249 

290. 332, 000 
213, 361. 000 
163. 023. 000 
180, 543, 077 



100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 



80.5 
74.9 
40. S 



100. 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 



30.4 
23.0 
26.2 
35.3 



100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 



19.5 
25.1 
26.3 
39.2 



100. 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 

74.8 

77.8 
82.2 
63.1 

25.2 
22.2 
17.8 
36.9 



100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 



17.8 
20.0 
22.3 
33.0 



237.61 
236. 83 
209. 39 
180. 24 

245.14 

260.97 
2118.40 
121.69 



123.33 
96.59 
70.74 
55.69 

114. 91 
90.76 
70.49 
55.42 

148. 19 
121.86 
71.45 
56.19 



308. 73 
2115.93 
145.95 



293. 6! 
221.29 
148. 94 
114.58 



170. 47 
124. 43 
74.52 
64.77 

206.66 
121.91 
74.28 
56.92 

112. 16 
134. 11 
75.63 



224. 29 
141.32 
87.53 



220.27 
140.54 
86.32 
61.56 

244. 93 
144. 50 
92.01 
69.14 



2, 469. 000 
2, 895, 000 

3. 028, 000 
6. 540, 000 



2, 469. 000 

2, 895. 000 

3, 028, 000 
6. 540, 000 



25, 009, 000 
13, 746. 000 
18, 842, 000 
28, 311, 000 



25, 009, 000 
13, 746, 000 
IS. 842. 000 
28, 311, 000 



6, 525, 000 
5, 573, 000 
5. 336, 000 
8. 706. 000 



6, 525, 000 
.5. 573, 000 
5,336,(100 
S, 796, 090 



28, 792. 000 
17,236,000 
13, 420, 000 
22, 285, 000 



28. 792. 000 
17, 236. 000 
13. 420. 000 
22, 285, 000 



69, 680, 000 
47, HI, 000 
43. 038, 000 
65, 999, 000 



69, 6S0. 000 
47, 111, 000 
43. 038. 000 
65, 999, 000 



9.77 
10.90 

9.37 
23.49 



46.29 
40.43 
37. 80 
59.38 



10.05 
5.24 
5.44 
7.65 



39.71 
27.99 
21.01 
21.89 



14.90 
12.11 
9.92 
16.42 



30.28 
31.99 
22.92 
22.63 



6.23 
6.15 
7.71 



58.78 
31.91 
24.29 
25.27 



NA Not available. 

1 The data, except for number of farms, Include figures for the rented portion of part-owner farms. 



FARM-MORTGAGE DEBT 



45 



Table 4. — Acreage, Value, and Amount of Mortgage Debt for Rented ' and Managed Land, by Mortgage Status, by Divisions 

and States: 1940-56 — Continued 

[For 1956 and 1950, no data are Included for the District of Columbia; for 1945 and 1940, District of Columbia data are Included with Maryland] 



Area and mortgage status 



Percent 
distribu- 
tion 



Increase or decrease 
(—) from preceding 
Census 



Number Percent 



Land in farms 



Percent 
distribu- 
tion 



Value of land and buildings 



Percent 
distribu- 
tion 



Average 
per acre 
(dollars) 



Amount of mortgago debt 



Average 
per acre 
(dollars) 



Ratio 
to value 
(per- 
cent) 



EAST NORTH CENTRAL— 
Continued 

Indiana 

All farms. 1966.. 

1950.. 
1945.. 
1940- 

Free (rom debt 1956.. 

1950.. 
1945.. 
1940.. 

...1956.. 

I960.. 
1945.. 
1940.. 

Illinois 

All farms 1956.. 

1950.. 
1945.. 
1940.. 

Free from debt. 1956.. 

1950- 
1945- 
1940- 

Mortgaged 1956.. 

1950.. 
1945.. 
1940- 

Michigan 

All farms 1956.. 

1950.. 
1945.. 
1940- 

Free from debt 1956.. 

1950.. 
1945.. 
1940- 



Mortgaged 



1956.. 

1950, 

1946.. 

1940 



Ul farms — 1953.. 

1950 

1945.. 

1940.. 

Free from debt —1966. 

1950. 
1945. 
1940. 

Mortgaged 1956. 

1950. 
1945. . 
1940- 

WEST NORTH CENTRAL 

Minnesota 

\ 11 farms ....1966. 

1950. 
1945.. 
1940 



Free from debt. 



...1956. 
1950. 
1945- 
1940. 

Mortgaged 1950. 

1950. 

1945- 

1940 



(NA) 
24, 204 
29, 563 
33, 897 

(NA) 
8,443 
11.317 
19, 389 



(NA) 
50. 180 
65. 613 
71, 117 

(NA) 
12. 083 
15.833 
22, 492 



10. 753 
14, 444 
21.583 
32, 661 

(NA) 
12, 522 
15. 190 
22.568 

(NA) 
1.922 
6, 393 
10, 093 



22. 805 
2r,, 909 
37, 585 
44, 007 



(NA) 
6,821 
9,673 
11, 729 



32, 395 
37, 771 
61, 235 
64,448 

(NA) 

28, 325 
35, 885 
44,753 

(NA) 
9.446 
15, 350 
19, 695 



100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 

(NA) 
74.1 
72.3 
63.6 

(NA) 
25.9 
27.7 
36.4 



100. 
100.0 
100.0 

too. n 



(NA) 
17.7 
19.4 
24.0 



100.0 

ioo.o 

100.0 
100.0 

(NA) 
86.7 
70.4 



(NA) 
13.3 
29.6 



100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 

(NA) 
74.6 
74.3 
73.3 

(NA) 
25.4 
25.7 



100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 

(NA) 
76.0 
70.0 



(NA) 
25.0 
30.0 



-3.967 
-8.233 

-12,406 



(NA) 
-5,359 
-4,334 



(NA) 
-2, 874 
-8, 072 



-6, 468 
-13, 183 

-12, 163 



(NA) 
-9, 433 
-5,504 



-3, 601 
-7, 139 
-11,078 



(NA) 
-4, 471 
-3, 700 



-4. 104 
-10. 676 
-6,422 



(NA) 
-7,824 
-4,366 



(NA) 
-2.852 
-2,056 



-5, 376 
-13,464 
-13,213 



(NA) 
-7,560 
-8, 8CS 



(NA) 
-5,904 
-4,345 



-12.2 
-20.1 
-23.3 



(NA) 
-18.1 

-12.8 



(NA) 
-25.4 
-41.6 



(NA) 
-14.4 
-8.1 



(NA) 
-23. 7 
-29.6 



(NA) 
-17.6 
-32.7 



-16.3 
-28.4 
-14.6 



(NA) 
-28.0 
-13.5 



(NA) 
-29.5 
-17.6 



8, 330, 979 
8.401,100 
8,550.116 
8, 876, 908 

6, 423, 185 

6. 208, 1)00 
5.936.016 
5, 054, 930 

1, 907, 794 
2, 133, 100 

2, 614, 100 

3, 821, 978 



17, 743, 216 
18, 19 1, 900 

18, 769, 748 
18, 604, 199 

15,081,734 
15. 410. 800 
14, 36S, 348 
13,121,218 

2. 661, 482 
2, 784, 100 
4, 401, 400 
5, 479, 981 



3, 858. 660 

4, 051, 100 
4. 848, 878 
6, 022, 991 

3. 110, 080 
3, 512, 400 
3, 316. 778 
3, 305, 806 

748, 580 

538. 700 

1, 502, 100 

1,717,125 



5, 522, 389 
5. 731. 200 
7. 071, 630 
7, 172, 480 

4, 025, 822 
4.259.4110 

5, 175, 830 
4, 493, 557 

1, 496, 567 
1,471,800 

1, 895, 800 

2, 678, 923 



10. 878, 658 
11,387,800 

13. 589. 523 
15, 060, 446 



2.901,1,113 
2, 761, 700 

4, 497, 600 

5, 520, 509 



100.0 
100.0 
100. 
100, 



22.9 
26.4 
30.6 
43.1 



100. 
100. 
100. 
100. 



15.3 
23.4 
29.6 



100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 

80.6 
86.7 
69.0 
65.8 



13.3 
31.0 
34.2 



100. 

100.0 
100.0 

100. 



100.0 
100. 
100.0 
100.0 



27.5 
24.3 
33.1 

36.7 



1,912.014,000 

1,218,874.000 

783, 600, 217 

653, 463, 404 

1, 447, 395. 000 
916, 810, 000 
644, 616, 217 
318, 239, 562 

464, 619. 000 
302, 064. 000 
238, 984. 000 
235, 223, 842 



4, 692, 874, 000 
3. 352. 978, 000 

2. 275. 625, 081 

1, 543, 730, 087 

3, 913, 857, 000 

2, 772, 716, 000 
1,674,439,081 
1, 050, 979, 574 

779.017.000 
580, 262, 000 
601, 186, 000 
492, 750, 513 



556, 808, 000 
382, 014, 000 
307, 706, 764 
235, 506, 874 

438. 208. 000 
337, 2S0, 000 
214, 423, 764 
153, 722, 408 

118, 600. 000 
41,734,000 
'.13,283,000 
81,784,466 



649, 382. 000 
534, 753. 000 
440, 724, 826 
311,868,354 

477, 296, 000 
377, 254, 000 
316, 396, 826 
211,414,487 

172. 086, 000 
157, 499, 000 
124, 328. 000 
130, 453, 867 



1,356,928,000 
993, 185, 000 
736, 539, 741 
609, 380, 645 

957, 991, 000 
753, 034, 000 
485. 532, 741 
373, 959, 87b 

398, 937, 000 
210,151,000 
251, 007. 000 
235, 420, 769 



100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100 



100.0 
100.0 

nil) o 

100.0 



ion o 

100.0 
100.0 
100.0 



21.3 
11.7 
30.3 
34.7 



ioo.o 

100.0 
100. 
100.0 

73.5 
70.5 
71.8 
61.8 



29.5 
28.2 
38.2 



100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 

70.6 
75.8 
65.9 
61.4 

29.4 
24.2 
34.1 



229. 51 
1 15. 00 
91. 05 
62.35 

225. 34 
146. 27 
91. 75 
62.96 

243.54 
141.61 
91.42 
61.54 



2i'.(.4'l 
ISt. 28 
121.21 



2'J2. 71) 
20S. 42 
136 50 
89.92 



144. 30 
94.30 
63.46 
46.89 



158.43 
83.04 
62.10 



US. 56 
88.57 
61.13 
47.05 

114. 99 
107.01 
65. 5S 
48.70 



124. 73 
87.21 
64.20 
40.46 

121. 47 
87.30 
63.40 
39.20 



86,419,000 
64.191.000 

53,293,01)0 
82, 717. 000 



86, 419, 000 
54,191.000 
53, 293, 000 
82, 717, 000 



139. 444, 000 
107, 47-1, 000 
124, 446, 000 
184,218.000 



139, 444. 000 
107, 474, 000 
124, 446, 000 
184, 218, 000 



32,971,000 
13, 849, 000 
25, 373. 000 
30, 378. 000 



32. 971, 000 
13.819,000 
25. 373. 000 
30, 378, 000 



60. 674, 000 
42. 483. 000 
36, 428, 000 
59, 152, 000 



60, 574, 000 
42, 483. 000 
36, 428. 000 
59,152,000 



93, 750, 000 
63, 634, 000 
71. 286, 000 
100, 373, 000 



93, 750. 000 
53, 634, 000 
71. 286, 000 
100, 373, 000 



10.37 
6.45 
6.23 
9.32 



45.30 
25.40 
20. 39 
21.64 



52.39 
38.60 
28.27 

33 02 



8.64 
3.42 
6.23 
6.05 



41. 04 
25,71 
16. 89 



10. 97 
7.41 
5.15 
8.25 



8.62 
4.71 
5.25 



31.34 
19.42 
15.85 
18.18 



NA Not available. 

' The data, except for number of farms, include figures for the rented portion of part-owner farms. 



46 



FARM-MORTGAGE DEBT 



Table 4. — Acreage, Value, and Amount of Mortgage Debt for Rented 1 and Managed Land, by Mortgage Status, by Divisions 

and States: 1940-56 — Continued 

[For 1950 and 1950, no data are included for the District of Columbia; for 1945 and 1940, District, of Columbia data are included with Maryland] 



Area and mortgage status 



Percent 
distribu- 
tion 



Increase or decrease 
(— ) from preceding 
Census 



Number Percent 



Land in farms 



Percent 
distribu- 
tion 



Value of land and buildings 



Percent 

dis'.rihu- 

tion 



Average 
per acre 

(dollars) 



Amount of mortgage debt 



Ratio 
to value 
(per- 
cent) 



Free from debt-. 



Mortgaged. 



-1956- 
1950- 
1945- 
1940- 

-1956-. 
1950.. 
1945- 
1940- 

.1956- 
1950- 
1945- 
1940.. 



Free from debt. 



.1950- 
1950- 
1945- 
1940.. 

.1956- 
1950- 
1945.. 
1940- 



Mortgaeed ._ 1956— 

1960- 
1945- 
1940- 



North Dakota 



Free from debt. 



Mortgaged. 



South Dak ota 



Free from debt 



Mortgaged. 



.1950- 
1950.. 
1945.. 
1940- 

.1956- 
1950.- 
1945- 
1940.. 

-1956- 

1950. . 
1945- 
1940- 



.1956.. 
1950- - 
1945 .. 
1940 -. 

.1956.. 
1950-. 
1945- 
1940. _ 

.1956-. 
1950- 
1945.. 
1940-. 



-1956-. 
1950- 
1945.. 



Fivr from debt 



...1950- 
1950.. 
1945.. 
1940.. 

Mortgaged 1956— 

1950.. 
1945.. 
1940.. 



(NA) 
59, 753 
05, 422 
69, 218 

(NA) 
1.8.344 
23, 744 
33, 484 



35, 814 
46, 944 
65, 956 
92, 337 

(NA) 
35, 115 
51, 496 
64, 751 

(NA) 
11, 829 
14,460 
27, 586 



14, 425 
19, 585 
33, 571 



(NA) 
2,576 



18, 34S 
20, 421 
26, 478 
38, 651 

(NA) 
17, 345 

19, 420 
29, 862 



39, 250 
42,080 

63, 531 

64, 501 



(NA) 
6,705 
14,461 
18, 979 



100. 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 

(NA) 
76.5 
73.4 



1 uo u 

100.0 
100.0 
100. 



(NA) 
25.2 
21.9 
29.9 



100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 



100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 

(NA) 
84.9 
73.3 



(NA) 
15.1 
26.7 
22.7 



100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 

(NA) 
84.1 
73.0 



(NA) 
15.9 
27.0 
29.4 



(NA) 
-5,669 
-3,796 



(NA) 
-5,400 
-9, 740 



-11, 130 
-19,012 
-26, 3.sl 



(NA) 

-16.3S1 

-13,255 



(NA) 
-2, 631 
-13, 126 



-1,572 
-5, 160 
-13, 6x0 



(NA) 
-1,452 
-2, 160 



-2,073 
-6, 057 
-12,173 



(NA) 
-2, 075 
-10, 442 



(NA) 
-3, 982 
-1,731 



-2, 830 
-11,451 

-10,670 



(NA) 
-3, 095 
-6, 452 



(NA) 
-7, 756 
-4, 518 



-4.7 
-12.4 
-13.2 



(NA) 
-22.7 
-29.1 



(NA) 
-31.8 
-20.5 



(NA) 
-18.2 
-47.6 



-10.9 
-26.3 

-41.7 



(NA) 
-23.8 
-43.2 



(NA) 
-36.0 
-34.9 



(NA) 
-10.7 
-35.0 



(NA) 
-56.4 
-19.7 



-6.7 
-21.4 
-17.0 



(NA) 
-9.4 
-14.2 



(NA) 
-53.6 
-23.8 



18, 197, 956 
18, 291, 900 

18, 674, 978 

19, 824, 938 

13, 157, 122 
13, 580, 500 
13, 000, 478 
12, 334, 448 

5, 040, 834 

4, 705, 400 

5, 674, 500 
7, 490, 490 



10,065,301 
11, 164, 800 
13. 033, 402 
15, 304, 122 



2, 4i'3, 685 
2. 295, 61)0 
3. 152. 500 
5, 0G3, 440 



17, 541, 695 
17, 076, 800 
19, 990, 056 
23, 536, 458 

14, 752, 565 

14, 704, 000 

15, 87S, 256 

18, 045, 807 

2,789,130 
2, 372, 800 
4, 112, 400 
5, 490, 051 



21, 473, 129 
21,905,500 
25, 659, 827 
28,121,411 

18, 380, 998 

19. 958, 700 
19. 130, 964 

22, 48S, 411 

3, 092, 131 
2, 006, 800 
6, 528, 863 
5, 633, 000 



22, 669, 784 
23, 159. 400 
25, 635, 560 
27, 069, 783 

18, 339, 855 
19, 653, 100 

17, 971, 060 

18, 078, 643 

4, 329, 929 
3, 500. 300 
7, 664, 500 
8, 991, 140 



100.0 
J 00.0 
100.0 
100.0 



27.7 
25.7 
30.4 
37.8 



100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 



100.0 
100.0 
100. 

100.0 



15.9 
13.9 
20.6 
23.3 



100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 



100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 



4,066,011,000 
2,984,214,000 
1,934, ^SO, 124 

1, 482, 023, 481 

2, 915, 330, 000 
2, 203. 340. 000 
1, 350, 288, 124 

912, 024, 466 

1, 150, 681, 000 
780, 874, 000 
583, 962, 000 
570, 899, 015 



1,050,177,000 
776, 697, 000 
601, 450, 596 
487, 767, 670 

781, 332, 000 
610, 90S, 000 
447. 891, 59o 
305, 596, 779 

268, 845, 000 
165, 789, 000 
153. 559, 000 
182, 170, 891 



627, 212, 000 
465, 992, 000 
308, 887, 501 
256, 796, 275 

612, 432, 000 
392, 288, 000 
241, 747, 504 
176, 449, 160 

114,780.000 
73, 704, 000 
65, 140, 000 
80,347,115 



819, 851, 000 
643, 364, 000 
409, 219, 910 
315,967,112 

677, 197, 000 
555, 796, 000 
300, 644, 910 
217,756,028 

142, 654. 000 
87, 568, 000 

108, 575, 000 
98, 210, 184 



1, 651, 500, 000 

1, 232, 414, 000 

696, 790. 008 

415, 479, 407 

420, 646, 000 
243, 286, 000 
292, 094, 000 
243, 016, 760 



100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 



28.3 
26.2 
30.2 
38. 5 



100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 

74.4 
78.6 
74.5 
62.7 



100. 
100.0 
100. u 
100. 

81.7 
84.2 
78.8 
68.7 



100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100. 



17.4 
13.6 
26.5 
31.1 



100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 



20.3 
16.5 
29.5 



22-3, 43 
163. 14 
103.57 
74.80 

221. 58 
162. 17 
103. 80 
73.94 



35.76 
27.29 
15.35 
10.91 



41.15 
31.06 
15.84 
14. 63 



3S. 18 
29.29 
15.95 
11.24 

36.84 
27.85 
15.72 



46.13 
43.64 
16.63 
17.43 



91.41 
63.72 
38.57 
24.33 

90.05 
62.71 
38.77 
22.98 

97.15 
69.39 
38.11 
27.03 



230, 136, 000 
149, 065, 000 
164, 093, 000 
265, 085, 000 



230, 136, 000 
149, 065, 000 
164, 093, 000 
265, 085, 000 



65, 598, 000 
32, 079, 000 
44, 839, 000 
68, 459, 000 



65, 598, 000 
32, 079, 000 
44, 839, 000 
68, 459, 000 



19, 627, 000 
14, 794, 000 
22, 408, (00 
42, 736, 000 



19, 027. 000 
14, 794, 000 
22, 408. 000 
42, 730, 000 



28, 673, 000 
19, 295, 000 
38, 327, 000 
50, 6S8, 000 



28, 673, 000 
19, 295, 000 
38, 327, 000 
50, 08S, 000 



84, 129, 000 
45, 789, 000 
82, 078, 000 
124, 200, 000 



84, 129, 000 
45, 789. 000 
82, 078, 000 
124, 200, 000 



12.65 
8.15 
8.79 

13.37 



45.65 
31.68 

28. 62 
35.39 



6. 15 
2.87 
3.44 

1.47 



26.63 
13.97 
14.22 
13.62 



7.04 
6.23 
6.45 
7.78 



9.27 
9.61 
5.87 



19.43 
13.00 
10.71 
13.82 



NA Not available. 

1 The data, except for number of farms, include figures for the rented portion of part-owner farms. 



FARM-MORTGAGE DEBT 



47 



Table 4. — Acreage, Value, and Amount of Mortgage Debt for Rented ' and Managed Land, by Mortgage Status, by Divisions 

and States: 1940-56 — Continued 

[For 1956 and 1950, no data are included for the District of Columbia; for 1945 and 1940, District of Columbia data are included with MarylandJ 



Area ami mortgage status 



Percent 
distribu- 
tion 



Increase or decrease 
(— ) from preceding 
Census 



Number Percent 



Land in farms 



1'orcenl 

distribu- 
tion 



Value of land and buildings 



Amount of Inoi !|.':itv debt 



IVieent 
distribu- 
tion 



(dollars) 



Ratio 
to value 
(per- 
cent) 



Free from debt. 



.1956.. 
1950- 
1945.. 
1940- 

.1956.. 
1950.. 
1945.. 
1940.. 



Mortgaged 1950— 

1950.- 
1945- 
1940- . 

SOUTH ATLANTIC 

Delaware 

All farms 1956- 

1950- 
1945- 
1940- 

Free from debt 1956.. 

1950- 
1945- 
1940- 

Mortgaged 1956— 

1950. . 
1945- 
1940- 

Maryland 

All farms 1956- 

1950- - 
1945.. 
1940- 

Free from debt 1956.. 

1950.. 
1945- 
1940- 

Mortgaged 1956.. 

1950- 
1945- 
1940- 

Virginia 

All farms 1956.. 

1950- 
1945.. 
1940.. 



Free from debt. 



.1956.. 
1950- 
1945- 
1940- 

.1956- 
1950- 
1945.. 
1940.. 



All farms .1956.. 

1950- 
1945- 
1940- 



Freefrom debt. 



...1956- 
1950- 
1945- 
1940- 

Mortgaged 1956.. 

1950- 
1945.. 
1940- 



31,1)32 
39. 579 
52, 192 
70, 852 

(NA) 
34, 403 
40, 846 
49,949 

(NA) 
5,176 
11,346 
20, 903 



1,337 
2,140 
3,038 

(NA) 
1,182 
1,775 
2,363 

(NA) 



5,634 
7,049 
1(1, 346 
11, 687 



(NA) 
2,008 
2,633 
3,197 



22,754 
26, 450 

36, 449 
48, 211 

(NA) 

23, 487 
30, 657 

37, 208 

(NA) 
2, 963 
5,792 
11,003 



6,384 
8,571 
14, 804 
22, 957 

(NA) 

7,462 
13, 0S3 
18, 672 

(NA) 
1,109 
1.721 
4,285 



ion. o 
100.0 
100. 
100.0 



(NA) 
13.1 
21.7 
29.5 



100.0 
100.0 
100.0 

ioo.o 

(NA) 
88.4 
82.9 
77.8 



100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 



(NA) 
28.5 
25.4 
27.4 



100. 
100.0 
100.0 
100. 



100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 



(NA) 
12.9 
11.6 
18.7 



-5,547 
-12,613 

-IS, 6(50 



(NA) 
-6, 443 
-9, 103 



(NA) 
-6, 170 
-9, 557 



-1,415 
-3, 297 
-1,341 



-3,696 
-9, 999 
-11,762 



(NA) 
-7, 170 
-6, 551 



-2. 1*7 
-6,233 

-8, 153 



(NA) 
-15.8 
-18.2 



(NA) 
-54.4 
-45.7 



-31.0 

-37.5 
-29.6 



(NA) 
-33.4 
-24.9 



(NA) 
-57.5 
-45.9 



-20.1 
-31.9 
-11.2 



(NA) 
-34.fi 
-9.2 



(NA) 
-23.7 
-17.6 



-14.0 
-27.4 
-24.4 



(NA) 
-23.4 
-17.6 



(NA) 
-48.8 
-47.4 



-25.5 
-42.1 
-35.5 



27, 809, (163 

26, 787. 000 

27, 406, 670 
29, 037, 677 

23, 480, 997 

24, 342, 000 
20, 769, 470 
20, 122, 016 

3, 918. 066 
2. 445, 000 
6. 637, 100 
S, 915, 561 



24o,615 
2X7. 500 
357.203 
404, 753 



3d, 2S1 
40, 800 
70, 100 

97, :;;i5 



1. 166, 705 
1,281.000 
1, 604, 139 
1, 649, 896 

911, 267 
1, 015, 100 

1,132.83(1 
1, 026, 950 

255, 528 
265, 900 
471.300 
622, 946 



3, 094. 635 
3, 485, 000 
4,251,312 
5,088,016 

2,531,411 

3,15ll,:iiill 

3, 388, 212 

4, 018, 202 



1, 054, 500 
1, 239, 700 
1, 529, 214 
2, 160, 391 

941,668 
1, 069, 000 
1. 296, 914 
1, 769, 013 

112, 832 
170, 100 
232, 300 
391, 378 



100.0 
100.0 
100. 
100. 



100. 
100.0 
100. 
100.0 



100.0 
100.0 
100.0 

100.0 



79.2 
70.6 
62.2 



100.0 
100. 
100.0 
100.0 



51"), 221 
334, 700 
863. 100 i 20.3 

,069,814 21.0 



100.0 
100. 
100.0 
100.0 



2, 336, 364. 000 

1,728,323.000 

1,075,299,900 

794, 198, 224 


100.0 

100.0 
100.0 
100.0 


1, 987, 395, 000 

1,541,734,000 

828, 060, 900 

523, 764, 711 


85.1 
89.2 
77.0 
65.9 


347, 969, 000 
186, 689, 000 
247, 233, 000 
270, 433, 513 


14.9 
10.8 
23.0 
34.1 


54, 319. 000 
29. 565, 000 
27, 869, 355 
19, 938, 764 


100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 


46, 986, 000 
25, 326, 000 
22, 877, 355 
13, 971, 447 


86.5 
85.7 
82.1 
70.1 


7. 333, 000 
4, 239, 000 
4, 992, 000 
5, 967, 317 


13.5 
14.3 
17.9 
29.9 


218, 443, 000 
143, 461, 000 
12S, 062, 581 
97, 162, 895 


100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 


156, 624, 000 
98, 339, 000 
92, 264, 581 
60, 184, 332 


71.7 
68.5 
72.0 
61.9 


61, 819, 000 
45,122,000 
35, 798, 000 
36, 978, 563 


28.3 
31.5 
28.0 
38.1 


371, 878, 000 
264, 938, 000 
205, 168, 134 
180, 699, 727 


100.0 

100.0 
100.0 
100.0 


289, 693, 000 
230, 996, 000 
157, 466, 134 
142, 235, 307 


77.9 
87.2 
76.7 
78.7 


82, 185, 000 
33, 942. 000 
47, 702, 000 
3S, 454, 420 


22.1 
12.8 
23.3 
21.3 


62, 650, 000 
68, 933, 000 
59, 094, 524 
57, 814, 857 


100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 


55, 445, 000 
59, 592, 000 
49, 689, 524 
45, 770, 678 


88.5 
86.4 
84.1 
79.2 


7, 205, 000 
9,341,000 
9, 405, 000 
12, 044, 179 


11.5 
13.6 
15.9 
20.8 



85.24 
64.52 
39.24 
27.36 


63, 078, 000 
35, 376, 000 
61, 066, 000 
104, 809, 000 


2.32 
1.32 
2.23 
3.61 


2.7 
2.0 
6.7 
13.2 










63.34 
















26.03 








88.81 
76.31 
37.25 
30.33 


63, 678, 000 
35, 375, 000 
61, 006, 000 
104, 809, 000 


16.25 
14.47 
9.20 
11.76 


18.3 
19.0 
24.7 
38.8 


218. 49 
102. 83 
78.02 
49.26 


1, 848, 000 
1,269,000 
1, 098, 000 
1, 834, 000 


7.43 
4.41 
3.07 
4.63 


3.4 

4.3 
3.9 
9.2 


224. 45 
















79.68 








45.45 








186.68 
103. 90 
71.21 
61.29 


1, 848, 000 
1, 269, 000 
1, 098, 000 
1, 834, 000 


47.05 
31.10 
15.66 
18.84 


25.2 
30.0 
22.0 
30.7 


187. 22 
111.99 
79.83 
58.89 


16, 135, 000 
10. 068, 000 
8, 735, 000 
11, 662, 000 


13.83 
7.85 
5.45 

7.08 


7.4 
7.0 
6.8 
12.0 


































241.93 
169. 70 
75.96 
58.60 


16, 135, 000 
10, 058, 000 
8, 735, 000 
11,662,000 


63.14 
37.83 
18.53 
18.72 


26.1 
22.3 
24.4 
31.5 


120. 17 
76.02 
48.26 
35.51 


20, 300, 000 
10, 402, 000 
10, 685, 000 
13, 926, 000 


6.56 
2.98 
2.51 
2.74 


5.5 
3.9 
5.2 

7.7 


114. 44 
























35.40 








145. 92 
101.41 
55.27 
35.95 


20, 300, 000 
10, 402, 000 
10, 685, 000 
13,926,000 


36.04 
31.08 
12.38 
13.02 


24.7 
30.6 
22.4 
36.2 


59.41 
55.60 
38.64 
20.76 


1,765,000 
2, 722, 000 
2, 314, 000 
2, 968, 000 


1.67 
2.20 
1.51 
1.37 


2.8 
3.9 
3.9 
5.1 



































63.86 
54.91 
40.49 
30.77 


1,765,000 
2, 722, 000 
2, 314, 000 
2, 968, 000 


15.64 
16.00 
9.96 

7.58 


24.5 
29.1 
24.6 
24.6 



48 



FARM-MORTGAGE DEBT 



Table 4. — Acreage, Value, and Amount of Mortgage Debt for Rented ' and Managed Land, by Mortgage Status, by Divisions 

and States: 1940-56 — Continued 

[For 1956 and 1950, no data are included for the District of Columbia; for 1945 and 1940, District of Columbia data are included with Maryland] 



Area and mortgage status 



Percent 
distribu- 
tion 



Increase or decrease 
(—) from preceding 
Census 



Number Percent 



Land in farms 



Percent 
distribu- 
tion 



Value of land and buildings 



Percent 
distribu- 
tion 



Amount of mortgage debt 



Ratio 
to value 
(per- 
cent) 



SOUTH ATLANTIC— Con. 

North Carolina 

All farms - 1956- 

1950- 
1945.. 
1940-. 

Free from debt 1956-. 

1950- 
1945- 
1940-. 

Mortgaged - 1956-. 

1950- 
1945- 
1940-. 

South Carolina 

All farms 1956.. 

1950- 

1945. 
1940- 

Free from debt 1956- 

1950. 
1945. 
1940. 

Mortgaged 1956. 

1950. 
1945. 
1940- 



.1956.. 
1950. 
1945.. 
1940- 

-1956. 
1950. 
1945. 
1940. 

.1956. 
1950- 
1945. 

1910 



Free from debt- 



Free from debt.. 



.1956.. 
1950 
1945- 
1940 

.1956 
1950- 
1945. 
1940 

.1956- 
1950. 
1945. 
1940. 



EAST SOUTH CENTRAL 

Kentucky 

All farms 1956. 

1950- 
1945- 
1940- 

Free from debt- 1956— 

1950- 
1945.. 
1940- 

Mortgaged 1956. 

1950— 

1945- 
1940- 



97, 150 
111,001 
123, 127 
124, 041 

(NA) 

94,994 
103. 091 

89,754 

(NA) 
16, 007 
19, 436 
34.287 



49, 225 
63,587 

50. 502 
77, 691 

(NA) 
53,429 
64,546 
58,095 

(NA) 
10,158 
15,956 
19, 696 



58,205 
85, 664 
122,546 
130, 852 

(NA) 
65, 164 
94,836 
90,507 

(NA) 

20, 500 
27, 710 
40,345 



5,163 
7,955 
12, 121 
17, 313 

(NA) 
6,242 
9,370 
10, 813 

(NA) 
1,713 
2,751 
6,500 



(NA) 
40,181 
52, 336 
63,007 

(NA) 
9.347 
11,944 
21,283 



100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 

(NA) 
85.6 
84.2 
72.4 

(NA) 
14.4 
15.8 



100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 

(NA) 
84.0 
80.2 
74.8 

(NA) 
16.0 
19.8 
25.2 



100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 

(NA) 
76.1 
77.4 



(NA) 
23.9 
22.6 



100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 



(NA) 
21.5 
22.7 
37.5 



100.0 
1000 
100.0 
100.0 

(NA) 
81.1 
81.4 
74.8 

(NA) 
18.9 
18.6 
25.2 



(NA) 
-8, 697 
13, 937 



(NA) 
-3, 429 
-14,851 



-14,362 

-16,915 

2,811 



(NA) 
-11,117 

6,451 



(NA) 
-20.672 
4,329 



(NA) 
-7, 210 
-12,635 



-2,702 
-4, 166 
-5,192 



(NA) 
-3,128 
-1,443 



(NA) 
-1.03S 
-3, 749 



-10,723 
-14. 752 
-20,010 



(NA) 
-12, 155 
-10, 671 



-12.5 
-9. S 

-.7 



(NA) 

-8.4 
15.5 



(NA) 
-17.6 
-43.3 



(NA) 
-17.2 
11.1 



(NA) 
-36 3 
-18.6 



-32.1 
-30.1 
-6.3 



(NA) 
-26.0 
-31.3 



-35.1 
-34.4 
-30.0 



(NA) 
-33.4 
-13.3 



(NA) 
-37.7 
-57.7 



-21.7 
-22.9 
-23.7 



(NA) 
-23.2 
-16.9 



(NA) (NA) 
-2, 597 -21. 7 
-9,339 -43.9 



6, 016, 667 
6, 853, 700 
7, 097, 495 
7, 9S1, 605 


100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 


4, 969, 767 

5, 689, 700 
5, 679, 095 
5, 715, 120 


82.6 
83.0 
80.0 
71.6 


1, 046, 900 
1, 164, 000 
1, 418, 400 
2, 266, 485 


17.4 
17.0 
20.0 
28.4 


3, 546, 355 

4, 292, 200 

4, 417, 693 

5, 407, 301 


'100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 


3, 067, 597 
3,812,200 
3, 365, 193 
3. 752, 504 


86.5 
88.8 
76.2 
69.4 


478. 758 

480, 000 

1, 052, 500 

1, 654, 797 


13.5 
11.2 
23.8 
30.6 


7, 476, 572 
9, 373, 600 
10, 440, 010 
12, 785, 108 


100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 


5, 973, 781 
7, 473. 300 
7, 559, 210 
7,952,686 


79.9 
79.7 
72.4 
62.2 


1, 502, 791 

1, 900, 300 

2, 880, 800 
4, 832, 422 


20.1 
20.3 
27.6 
37.8 


7, 118. 384 
6, 741, 600 
4, 991, 168 
4, 181, 196 


100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 


5, 943, 851 
5, 786. 700 
3.811,068 
2, 209, 586 


83.5 
85.8 
76.4 
62.8 


1, 174, 533 

9.54,900 

1, 180, 100 

1, 971, 610 


16.5 
14 2 
23.6 
47.2 


4. 078, 197 

4. 993, 600 

5, 286, 320 
6, 396, 681 


100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 


3, 291, 105 
4,159,000 

4, 091, 720 
4, 184, 887 


80.7 
83.3 
77.4 
65.4 


787. 092 

834, 600 

1. 194. 600 

2, 211, 794 


19 3 
16.7 
22.6 
34.6 



1, 028, 855, 000 
765, 108, 000 
406, 734, 514 
316, 684, 376 

836, 459, 000 
663, 795, 000 
321, 545, 514 
215, 447, 974 

192, 396, 000 
101,313,000 
85, 189, 000 
101, 236, 402 



326, 510, 000 
299, 998, 000 
176. 70S. 309 
152.543,800 

266, 437, 000 
259. 365, 000 
135. 702, 309 
99, 521, 768 

60. 079. 000 
40, 633, 000 
41, 006, 000 
63, 022, 032 



444, 125, 000 
385,426,000 
273, 969, 3S7 
244, 118. 064 

325, 98S. 000 
294, 285, 000 
200, 826, 387 
143, 214, 664 

118, 137, 000 
91,141,000 
73, 143, 000 

100, 903, 400 



807, 573. 000 
266, 915, 000 
154. 748, 981 
116,328,650 

719. 548, 000 
186,311.000 
113, 337, 981 
66, 561, 684 

88. 025, 000 
80. 604, 000 
41,411,000 
49, 766, 966 



503, 528, 000 
479, 346, 000 
301, 598, 367 
249, 723, 433 



116,315.000 
74, 666, 000 
81,578,000 

100, 390, 356 



100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 



100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 



18.4 
13.5 
23.2 



100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 

73.4 
76.4 
73.3 
58.7 



23.6 
26.7 
41.3 



100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 



100.0 
100 
100. 
100.0 



23.1 
15.6 
27.0 
40.2 



171.00 
111. 63 
57.31 



168.31 
116. 67 
56.62 
37.70 

183.78 
87.04 
60.06 
44.67 



68.04 
40. 33 
26.52 



125. 49 
84.65 
38.96 
32.04 



59.40 
41.12 
26.24 
19.09 



78.61 
47.96 
25.39 

20. vs 



113.45 
39.59 
31.00 
27.82 

121.06 
32.20 
29.74 
30.12 

74.94 
84.41 
35.09 
25.24 



123. 47 
95.99 
57.05 
39.04 

117. 65 
97.30 
53.77 
35.68 

147. 78 
89.46 
68.29 
45.39 



53, 871, 000 
25, 603. 000 
24, 023, 000 
34, 411, 000 



53, 871, 000 
25, 603, 000 
24, 023, 000 
34,411,000 



15, 440, 000 
7, 429, 000 
11, 728, 000 
16,944,000 



29, 298, 000 
20, 693, 000 
20. 699, 000 
36, 617, 000 



29, 298. 000 
20, 693. 000 
20, 699, 000 
36, 617, 000 



15, 052. 000 
21. 422, 000 
7. 578, 000 
13,054,000 



15, 052, 000 
21, 422, 000 
7, 578, 000 
13, 054, 000 



32, 917. 000 
19, 072, 000 
21, 129, 000 
34, 456, 000 



32,917,000 
19, 072. 000 
21, 129, 000 
34,456,000 



3.74 
3.38 
4.31 



51.46 
22.00 
16.94 
15.18 



32.25 
15.48 
11.14 
10.24 



19.50 
10.89 
7.19 
7.58 



2 11 
3.18 
1.52 

3.12 



12.82 
22.43 
6.42 
6.62 



8.07 
3.82 
4.00 



NA Not available. 

1 The data, except for number of farms, include figures for the rented portion of part-owner farms. 



FARM-MORTGAGE DEBT 



49 



Table 4. — Acreage, Value, and Amount of Mortgage Debt for Rented ' and Managed Land, by Mortgage Status, by Divisions 

and States: 1940-56 — Continued 

[For 1956 and 1950, no data are included for tbe District of Columbia; for 1945 and 1940, District of Columbia data are Include; with Maryland] 



Area and mortgage status 



Percent 
distribu- 
tion 



Increase or decrease 
( — ) from preceding 
Census 



Number Percent 



Land in farms 



Percent 
distribu- 
tion 



Value of land and buildings 



Amount of mortgage debt 



IVrcent 
distribu- 
tion 



li erage 

per acre 
(dollars) 



Average 
per acre 

(dollars) 



All farms. 1956. 

1950. 
1945. 
1940- 



Frce from debt. 



.1956 
1950.. 
1945.. 
1940- 

.1955- 
1950. 
1945. 
1940. 



All firms 1956 

1950 

1945.. 

1940- 

Free from debt 1956. 

1950. 
1945. 
1940. 

Mortgaged 1956- 

1950. 
1945. 
1940- 



Ul farms - ...1956- 

1950.. 
1945.. 
1940- - 

Free from debt 1956— 

1950- 
1945- 
1940- 

Mortgaged - 1956 . 

1950. . 
1945.. 
1940- 

west south central 



.1956. 
1950. 
1945. 
1940. 

.1956. 
1950. 
1945. 
1940. 

.1956. 
1950. 
1945. 
1940. 



Free from debt. 



Free from debt.. 



-1956- 
1950- 
1945- . 
1940. - 

.1956.. 
1950.. 
1945- 
1940.- 



Murtgaged 1956-. 

1950- 
1945.- 
1940. - 



51, 574 
68. 110 
77. 744 
100. 174 

(NA) 
53, 889 
62, 743 
68,477 

(NA) 

14, 221 

15. 001 
31, 697 



(NA) 
69, 831 
78, 707 
81, 652 

(NA) 
18. 218 
31, 372 
54,987 



99, 928 
130,654 
157. 223 
193, 826 

(NA) 
95,241 
109, 138 
102,045 



48.901 
69, 146 
89,171 
116, 038 

(NA) 
52. 707 
65, 369 
76, 514 

(NA) 

16, 439 
23.S02 
39,524 



38,052 
49, 787 
64,101 
89, 695 

(NA) 
41,144 
48, 320 



100.0 
100.0 
100 (I 
100.0 



(NA) 
20.9 
19.3 
31.6 



100 
100.0 
100 
100.0 



100. 
100. 
100.0 
100. 



100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 



IOC. 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 



(NA) 
17.4 
24.6 
34.2 I 



(NA) 
-8,854 
-5,734 



-26,959 
-22,030 
-26, 560 



(NA) 
-8, 876 
-2,945 


(NA) 
-11.3 
-3.6 


(NA) 

-13, 154 
-23, 615 


(NA) 
-41.9 
-42.9 



(NA) 
-13.897 
7,093 



(NA) 
-12,672 

-43,690 



-20.21.' 
-20.025 
-26, 867 



(NA) 
-12, 662 
-11,145 



(NA) 
-7, 363 
-15,722 



-11,735 
-14,314 

-25, 594 



(NA) 
-7, 176 
-10, 669 

(NA) 
-7, 138 
-14, 925 



-24.3 
-12.4 
-22.4 



-44. 1 
-20 
-19.4 



-23.5 
-16.9 
-18.9 



(NA) 
-19.4 
-14.6 



-23.6 
-22.3 
-28.5 



(NA) 
-14.9 
-18.1 



4, 726, 701 

5. (',03, BOO 

5. 693. 149 

6, 833, 505 

3, 932, 615 

4, 693, 900 
4, 346. 149 
4, 162, 556 

794. 0S6 
1,010,000 

1,317.000 
2, 670. 949 



6, 742, 173 

7, 704. 100 
7, 798, 341 
9, 421, 674 

5. 333, 059 
5, 916. 100 
5. 132. 941 
4. 854. 464 

1. 409. 114 

1, 788. 200 

2, 665, 400 
4, 567, 210 



0,608.6X6 
7, 049, 700 
7, 364, 344 
8, 467, 830 

4,897,036 
5. 104, 200 
4. 814, 944 
4, 631, 427 

1,711,650 
1,945.500 
2, 549. 400 
3, 836. 403 



6. 1-19. 2X3 
6. 460, 300 
6,201.219 
8, 115, 998 

4. 267, 602 
4, 606, 300 
4,154,219 
5,247,915 



1,854.000 
2, 047. 000 

2, 868, 0S3 



4,172. 198 
3, SOX, 600 
2,801,929 
3, 335, 720 

753, 710 
1, 008, 300 
1.419,900 
1,618,641 



100 
100 
100.0 
100.0 

83 2 

82.0 
76.3 



18.0 
23.7 
39.1 



100 
100 
100 
100.0 

79.1 
76.8 
65.8 
51.5 

20.9 
23.2 
34.2 



100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 

74.1 
72.4 
65.4 
54.7 

25.9 
27.6 
34.6 
45.3 



100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 

69.4 
71.3 
67.0 
64.7 



28.7 
33.0 

35.3 



100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 

84.7 
79.3 
66.4 
67.3 

15.3 
20.7 
33.6 
32.7 



498, 424, 000 
-150. 612, 000 
275, 351, 417 
238, 191, 404 

418.676.000 
341.116,000 
207, 692. 417 
137, 189, 903 

79, 748, 000 
109, 496, 000 

67, 659. 000 
101,001,441 



416, 326. 000 
373.810,000 
229. 241, 506 
199, 744. 302 

320, 571, 000 
260, 335. 000 
149. 198. 506 
100. 752, 281 

95, 755, 000 
113, 475. 000 
80. 043, 000 
9S, 992, 021 



574, 143, 000 
439, 993. 000 
292, 086. 678 
244, 329, 733 

404,771,000 
279, 900, 000 
165, 940, 678 
117, 719, 133 

169, 372, 000 
160,093,000 
126, 146, 000 
126, 610, 600 



678, 635, 000 
493, 093, 000 
285,621,412 
230, 758. 419 

427. 540, 000 
344, 218, 000 
177. 190. 412 
128, 469, 110 

251.095,000 
148, 875, 000 
108. 431, 000 
102, 289, 309 



585, 378. 000 
3S4. 549. 000 
207, 079, 149 
180, 429, 372 

496. 401, 000 
297. 929. 000 
133, 682. 149 
113.962,716 

88, 977, 000 
86, 620, 000 
73, 397, 000 
66, 466, 656 



100 
100 
100.0 
100.0 



16.0 
24.3 
24.6 
I.' i 



100.0 
100.0 
100 
100.0 



100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 

70.5 
63.6 
56.8 



100.0 
100.0 
100. 
100.0 



100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 

84.8 
77.6 
64.6 
63.2 

15.2 

22.5 
35.4 



100 43 
108. 41 
50.23 
37.81 



61.75 
48.52 
29.40 
21.20 

60.11 
44.00 
29.07 



67. 95 
63 46 
30.03 
21.67 



86.87 
62.41 
39. 66 
28.85 

82.66 
54.84 
34.46 
25.42 

98.95 
82.29 
49. 4S 
33.00 



110.36 
76.33 
46.06 
28.43 

100.18 
74.73 
42.65 
24.48 

133.44 
80.30 
52.97 
35.66 



118.83 
78.85 
49.05 
36.42 



118. 05 
85.91 
51.69 
41.06 



19, 379, 000 
24, 557, 000 
19. 892, 000 
33,711,000 



19. 379, 000 
24, 557, 000 
19. 892. 000 
33,711,000 



23.400,000 

24. 998, 000 

25, 694. 000 
38. 293. 000 



23. 4m. 000 

24. 998. 000 

25. 694, 000 
38, 293, 000 



46, 577, 000 
41,304,000 
39, S62, 000 
48, 103, 000 



46. 577. 000 
41,304.000 
39.862,000 
48, 103. 000 



60. 263. 000 
36. 449. 000 
27, 325, 000 
32, 632, 000 



60. 263. 900 
36, 449. 000 
27, 325. 000 
32, 632 000 



26. 693. 000 
19,056,000 
21,872.000 
23, 053, 000 



26, 693, 000 
19, 056, 000 
21, 872. 000 
23, 053. 000 



4.10 
4.38 
3 19 



16 65 
13 98 
9.64 



27.21 
21.23 
15.64 
12.54 



9.80 
5.64 
4.41 
4.02 



32.03 
19.66 
13.35 
11.38 



5.42 
3.91 
5.18 
4.65 



35.42 

18.90 
15.40 
14.24 



NA Not available. 

i The data, except for number of farms, include figures for the rented portion of part-owner farms. 



50 



FARM-MORTGAGE DEBT 



Table 4. — Acreage, Value, and Amount of Mortgage Debt for Rented ' and Managed Land, by Mortgage Status, by Divisions 

and States: 1940-56 — Continued 

[For 1956 and 1950, no data are included for the District of Columbia; for 1945 and 1940, District of Columbia data are included with Maryland] 



PercenI 
distribu- 
tion 



Number Percent 



Land in farms 



Percent 
distribu- 
tion 



Value of land and buildings 



Percent 
distribu- 
tion 



Average 
per acre 
(dollars) 



Amount of mortgage debt 



Average 
per acre 

(dollars) 



Ratio 
to value 
(per- 
cent) 



Free from debt. 



Free from debt.. 



.1956.. 
1950. . 
1945. . 
1940.. 

.1956.. 
1950- . 
1945.. 
1940.. 

1956. . 
I960.. 
1945. . 
1940. . 



.1956- 
1950. 

1945. 
1940. 

.1956. 
1950 
1945. 
1940- 

.1956. 
1950. 
1945. 
1940. 



MOUNTAIN 
Montana 



Free from debt. 



Free hum debt 



1956. 
1950. 
1945. 
1940. 

.1956. 
1950. 
1945. 
1940- 

.1956. 
1950- 
1945. 
1940. 



.1956 
1950. 
1945. 
1940. 

.1956. 
1950. 
1945. 
1910. 



Mortgaged 



Free from debt 



.1956 
1950. 
1945. 
1940. 



.1956.. 
1950 
1845 

19 ID 



29, 480 
45,208 
66, 469 
98, 601 

(NA) 
36, 337 
51,882 
68,947 

(NA) 
8,871 
14, 587 
29, 654 



77, 787 
103,195 
147, 370 
207, 820 

(NA) 
79, 776 
113, 757 
149, 035 

(NA) 

23, 419 
33, 613 
58,785 



5,038 
5,422 
6,595 
11, 939 

(NA) 
4,243 
6,548 
9,246 

NA 
1,179 
1,047 
2,693 



7,447 
8,604 
11, 438 

(NA) 
5,594 
6,189 
6,836 

(NA) 
1,853 
2.415 
4,602 



100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 

(NA) 



(NA) 
19.6 
21.9 



100.0 
100. 
100.0 
100.0 

(NA) 
77.3 
77.2 
71.7 

(NA) 
22.7 
22.8 
23.3 



100.0 
100. 
100.0 
100.0 



Mortgaged 1956.. 

1950. 
1945. 
1940. 



100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 

(NA) 
75.1 
71.9 



(NA) 
24.9 
28.1 
40.2 



100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
1(111.0 



(NA) 
19.4 
26.1 
32.7 



-15,728 
-21. 261 
-32, 132 



(NA) 
-15, 545 
-17, 065 



(NA) 
-5, 716 
-15,067 



-25, -ills 
-44, 175 
-60, 450 



(NA) 
-33, 981 
-35, 278 



(NA) 
-10,194 
-25, 172 



-384 
-1,173 
-5, 344 



(NA) 
-1,305 
-3, 698 



NA 

132 
-1,646 



(NA) 
-562 
-2, 187 



(NA) 
-30.0 
-24.8 



-24.6 
-30.0 
-29.1 



(NA) 
-29.9 
-23.7 



(NA) 
-30.3 
-42.8 



(NA) 
-23.5 
-40.0 



NA 

12.6 
-61.1 



(NA) 
-23.3 
-47.5 



-13.9 
-18.7 
-25.6 



(NA) 
-11.4 
-18.2 



(NA) 
-39.3 
-40.7 



15, 926, 500 
17, 634, 300 
19,411,809 
21,450.645 

12. 597, 862 
14,817,400 
14, 247, 409 

13, 637, 685 

3, 328, 638 
2, S16. 900 
5,164.400 
7,812,960 



72, 273, 748 
74, 872, 800 
71. 958, 259 
77, 737, 942 

58. 180, 367 
57, 262, 500 
49. 605, 059 
38, 634, 057 

14, 093, 381 
17, 610, 300 
22. 353, 200 
39, 103, 885 



25. 936. 621 
24, 895, 400 
28,371,041 

26. 475, 772 

23, 135, 466 

22, 794, 700 

23, 345, 341 
19, 503, 917 

2,801,155 
2, 100, 700 
5, 025, 700 
6.911,855 



5, 400, 787 
4. 698, 000 
4, 641, 864 
4, 086, 085 

4,381,927 
3, 995, 700 
3, 279, 564 
2, 384, 688 

1,027,860 

702, 300 

1,362.300 

1,701,397 



17, 204, 359 

18, 389, 600 
18, 359, 235 
15, 446, 768 

15, 518, 332 

16, 901, 500 
13, 695, 535 
10, 316, 922 

1,686,027 
1, 488, 100 
4, 663, 700 
5, 129, 846 



100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 



84.0 
73.4 
63.6 

20.9 
16.0 
26.6 
36.4 



100.0 
100. 
100.0 
100. 



19.5 
23.5 
31.1 

50.3 



100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 



91.6 
82.3 
73.9 



100.0 
100. 
100.0 
100.0 



19.0 
14.9 
29.3 
41.6 



100. 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 

90.2 
91.9 
74.6 



1, 087, 927, 000 
894,411,000 
552, 739, 000 
463, 947, 438 


100.0 
100.0 
100 
100.0 


847, 495, 000 
744, 495, 000 
411,698,000 
233, 836, 519 


77.9 
83.2 
74.5 
61.2 


240, 432, 000 
149,916,000 
141,041.000 
180,110,919 


22.1 
16.8 
25.5 
38.8 


4. 594, 673. 000 
3, 087, 450, 000 
1. 640, 887, 231 
1, 356, 096, 156 


100 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 


3, 326. 543, 000 

2,399,701,000 

1,116,927,231 

741, 271, 914 


72.4 
77.7 
68.1 
54.7 


1. 263, 130, 000 
687, 749, 000 
523, 960, 000 
614,821,242 


27.6 
22.3 
31.9 

45.3 


527, 599, 000 
354, 947, 000 
193,601,077 
155, 289, 832 


100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 


414, 693, 000 
302, 572, 000 
157, 667, 077 
105,810,166 


78.6 
85.2 
81.4 
68.1 


112. 906, 000 
52, 375, 000 
35. 934, 000 
49. 473. 666 


21.4 
14.8 
18.6 
31.9 


524, 396, 000 
321,665,000 
173, 682, 038 
126, 718, 839 


100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 


362, 882, 000 
250, 474, 000 
119, 530, 038 
66, 434, 833 


69.2 
77.9 
68.8 
52.4 


161,514,000 
71,191,000 
54,152,000 
60, 284, 006 


30.8 
22.1 
31.2 

47.6 


214, 566, 000 
177, 258, 000 
95, 380, 337 
67, 762, 465 


100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 


179, 806, 000 
152. 280, 000 
70, 429, 337 
39, 204, 363 


83.8 
85.9 
73.8 
57.9 


34, 760. 000 
24, 978, 000 
24, 951, 000 
28, 558, 102 


16.2 
14.1 
26.2 
42.1 



63.31 
50.72 
28.47 
21.03 

67.27 

50.24 
23. 90 
20.81 



53. 22 
27.31 

2:i.H5 



SO 9S 
39.05 
23.44 
15.72 



20. 34 
14.26 
6.82 
5.87 

17.92 
13.27 
6.75 



40. 31 
24.93 
7.15 



96.93 
68.47 
37.42 
31.01 

82.81 
62.69 
36.45 
27.86 



47, 606, 000 
29, 399. 000 
40, 056, 000 
63, 825, 000 



233, 336, 000 
123, 592, 000 
113, 175, 000 
189, 456, 000 



233, 336, 000 
123, 592. 000 
113, 175. 000 
189, 456, 000 



24, 275, 000 
9, 078, 000 
8, 337, 000 

18, 820, 000 



24, 275. 000 
9, 078, 000 
8, 337, 000 

18, 820, 000 



34, 241, 000 
11,815,000 
12, 401, 000 
19, 421, 000 



34,241.000 
11,815,000 
12,401,000 
19,421,000 



7, 300, 000 

4, 608, 000 

5, 514, 000 
9, 658, 000 



7, 300, 000 

4. 608, 000 

5, 514, 000 
9. 658. 000 



14.30 
10.44 
7.76 
8.17 



3.23 
1.65 
1.67 
2. 44 



0.91 
0. 36 
0. 29 
0.71 



8,67 
4.32 
1.66 

2.72 



6.33 
2.51 
2.67 
4.76 



0.42 
0.25 
0.30 
0.63 



4.33" 
3.10 
1.18 



FARM-MORTGAGE DEBT 



51 



Table 4. — Acreage, Value, and Amount of Mortgage Debt for Rented ' and Managed Land, by Mortgage Status, by 

Divisions and States: 1940-56 — Continued 

(For 1966 and 1960, no data are Included for the District of Columbia; for 1945 and 1940, District of Columbia data are included with Maryland) 



Area and mortgagee Btatus 



Percent 
distribu- 
tion 



Increase or decrease 
( — ) from preceding 



MOUNTAIN-Con. 



Free from debt. 



.19S6. 
19.50. 
1945. 
1940. 

.1956. 
1950. 
1945. 
1940. 



Mortgaged 1956, 

1950.- 

1945 

1940 

New Mexico 

All farms 1956. 

1950.. 

1945 

1940.. 

Free from debt 1956. 

1950. 
1945. 
1940- 

Mortgaged 1956. 

1950. 
1946. 
1940. 



Arizona, 



Free from debt . 



.1950. 
1950. 
1945. 
1940. 

.1956. 
1950. 
1915. 
1940. 

.1956. 
1950. 
1945. 
1940. 



Free from debt... 



Mortgaged. 



.1956.. 
1950. 
1945. 
1940. 

.1956. 
19.50. 
1945. 
1940. 

.1956. 
1950. 
1945. 
1940. 



Free from debt. 



.1956.. 
1950 . 
1945 
1940. 

.1956.. 
1950. . 
1945.. 
1940.. 

.1956 . 
1950.. 
1945. . 
1940.. 



0,277 
10, 741 
13, 823 
19,609 

(NA) 
7,759 
10,822 
14, 3S9 

(NA) 
2,982 
3,001 
5,220 



2,652 
3,335 
4,375 
6,075 

(NA) 
2,372 
3.464 
3,808 



1,579 
2,211 
2.633 



1,420 
1,951 
2,399 
3,605 

(NA) 
1,401 
1,948 



100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100. 



(NA) 
27.8 
21.7 
26.6 



100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 

(NA) 
71.1 
79.2 
62.7 



100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 

(NA) 
62.8 
78.2 
72.5 

(NA) 
37.2 
21.8 
27.5 



100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 

(NA) 
71.8 
81.2 
70.9 

(NA) 
28.2 
18.8 
29.1 



100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 

(NA) 
72.0 
83.6 
63.2 

(NA) 
28.0 
16.4 



-1,464 
-3, 082 
-5, 786 



(NA) 
-19 
-2,219 



-783 
-1,040 
-1,700 



(NA) 

52 
-1.356 



(NA) 



-13.6 
-22.3 

-29.5 



(NA) 



-23.6 
-23.8 
-28.0 



(NA) 
-42.7 
-9.3 



(NA) 
22.0 
-33.7 



-26.9 
-18.7 
-31.6 



CN r A) 
22.0 
-65.7 



-19.2 
-27.1 
-28.9 



15,972,443 

16, 486, 100 
17, 386, 021 

17, 778, 460 

13, 267, 128 
13. 805, 100 
13,383,121 
13, 015, 960 

2,715,315 
2,621,000 
4, 002, 900 
4, 762, 509 



29, 097, 684 
27, 726, 600 
30, 186, 904 
21, 685, 987 

27, 119, 041 
26, 447, 000 
23, 093. 404 
16,613,051 

1,978,643 
1,279,600 
7, 093, 500 
5, 072, 930 



33, 882, 067 
33. 463, 800 
33, 898, 794 
14, 054, 629 

32, 832, 304 
32. 275, 600 
31,721,994 
12, 710, 756 

1. 050, 363 
1,188,200 
2, 176, 800 
1.343,774 



5,211.518 
4, 508, 800 
4,174,819 

2, 548, 934 

4, 773, 750 
4. 318, 400 

3. 322,019 
1,510,959 

437,768 

190.400 

852, 800 

1.037,975 



4, 336, 030 
3, 740, 200 

3, 990, 467 
2, 030, 258 

4, 019. 500 
3, 549, 700 
3, 395, 067 
1. 059, 163 



I'ercont 
distribu- 
tion 



100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100. 



17.0 
15.9 
23.0 



100. 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 

93.2 
95.4 
76.5 



100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 



100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100. 



100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 

92.1 
94.9 
85.1 
50.9 



316, 530 

190, 500 | 5. 1 

595, 400 14. 9 

1,021,095 1 49.1 



Value of land and buildings 



664, 073, 000 
618, 348, 000 
248,627,175 
192.001,803 

506, 688, 000 
400, 402, 000 
191,026,175 
128, 655, 428 

157,385,000 
117,946,000 
57,601,000 
63, 406, 375 



514,661,000 
282, 2.50, 000 
141, 694, 450 
78,142,880 

408,641,000 

237, 423, 000 

99, 488, 450 

W, 293, 669 

100,020,000 
44, 827, 000 
42, 206, 000 
37, 849, 211 



051,023,000 
350, 339, 000 
150, 003, 359 
70, 870, 430 

679, 410, 000 
307, 165, 000 
123, 272, 359 
36, 917, 673 

71, 613, 000 
43,174,000 
26,731,000 
33. 952, 857 



139, 590. 000 
103, 173, 000 
62, 492, 778 
37, 249, 859 

112,789,000 
87, 123, 000 
49, 035, 778 
21, 034, 121 

26. 801, 000 
16, 050, 000 
13, 457, 000 
10. 215, 738 



63. 682, 000 
42, 544, 000 
27. 473, 713 
16, 379, 820 

55, 698. 000 
34, 238, 000 
22, 667, 713 
8, 320, 776 

7, 884, 000 
8, 306, 000 
4, 805, 000 
8, 059, 044 



Percent 
distribu- 
tion 



1011.0 
100.0 
10O.0 

100.0 



76.3 
77.2 

76. S 

67.0 



lOiJ.O 
100.0 
100.0 

loo.o 



100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 

89.0 
87.7 
82.2 
52.1 

11.0 
12.3 

17.8 



100. 

100. (I 
100.0 
100.0 



84 I 
78. G 
66.5 



100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 



12.4 
19.5 

17.5 
49. 2 



Average 
per acre 

(<loll:m.) 



41.58 
31.44 
14.30 
10.80 

38.22 
28.88 
14.27 



57.96 
45.00 
14.39 
13.31 



19. 21 
10.47 
4.43 
6.04 



68.18 
36. 34 
12.28 
23. 27 



26.78 
22.88 
14.97 
14.61 

23.63 
20.17 
14.76 
13.92 

61.22 

84.30 
15.78 
1 5. 62 



Amount of mortgage debt, 



38, 402, 000 
24, 819, 000 
14, 458, 000 
21,111,000 



38, 402, 000 
24, 819, 000 
14,458,000 
21,111,000 



19, 932, 000 
6, 952, 000 
8, 948, 000 

10, 532, 000 



19,932,000 
6, 952, 000 
8, 948, 000 

10, 532, 000 



14, 323, 000 
9, 236, 000 
8,688,000 

13, 679, 000 



14, 323, 000 
9, 230, 000 
8,688,000 

13,579,000 



7, 604. 000 
3,213,000 
3, 189, 000 
5, 424, 000 



7,604,000 
3, 213, 000 
3,189,000 
.".. 424, 000 



2,144,000 

2, 801, 000 
1, 677, 000 

3, 368, 000 



2, 144, 000 

2, 201, 000 
1, 677, 000 

3, 368, 000 



Ratio 
to value 
(per- 
cent) 



2 40 
1.51 
0.83 

1.19 



1414 
9.47 
3.61 
4.43 



0.69 

II. 25 
0.30 

0. -19 



II. 12 
11.28 
II. 211 
0.97 



13.64 

7.77 
3.99 
10.11 



1.44 
0.71 
78 
2.13 



17.14 
16.88 
3.74 
6.23 



49 
0.59 
0.42 
1.62 



NA Not available. 

I The data, except for number of farms, Include figures for the rented portion of part-owner farms. 



52 



FARM-MORTGAGE DEBT 



Table 4. — Acreage, Value, and Amount of Mortgage Debt for Rented 1 and Managed Land, by Mortgage Status, by Divisions 

and States: 1940-56— Continued 

[For 1956 and 1950, no data are included for the District of Columbia; for 1945 and 1940, District of Columbia data are included with Maryland] 



Area and mortgage stBtus 



Percent 
distribu- 
tion 



Increase or decrease 
(— ) from preceding 
Census 



Number Percent 



Land in farms 



Percent 
distribu- 
tion 



Value of land and buildings 



Percent 
distribu- 
tion 



Amount of mortgage debt 



Average 
per acre 
(dollars) 



Ratio 
to value 
(per- 
cent) 



PACIFIC 

Washington 

All farms-"-'. -... — 1956 

1950. 
1945 
1940 

Free from debt ...1956 

1950 
1945 
1940 

Mortgaged- 1956 

1950 
1945 
1940 

Oregon 

All farms 1956 

1950 
1945 
1940 

Free from debt 1956 

1950 
1945 
1940 

Mortgaged.- 1956 

1950 
1945 
1940 



All farms 1966- 

1950- 
1945- 
1940- . 

Free from debt 1966- 

I960-. 
1945. . 
1940. . 



.1956-. 
1950- 
1945- 
1940.. 



6,421 
7,080 
9,565 
15, 125 

(NA) 
5,630 
7,750 
10,133 

(NA) 
1,450 
1,815 



4,686 
5,476 
7,344 
11, 692 

(NA) 
3,957 
5, 755 
7,692 



15, 804 
18, 856 
21,863 
28,824 

(NA) 
14, 474 

16, 047 
18,380 



100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 



100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 

(NA) 
72.3 
78.4 



(NA) 
27.7 
21.6 
34.2 



100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 

(NA) 
76.8 
73.4 



(NA) 
-2, 120 
-2,383 



(NA) 

-365 
-3, 177 



(NA) 
-70 
-2,411 



-3, 052 
-3,007 
-6, 961 



(NA) 
-1, 573 
-2, 333 



(NA) 
-1, 434 
-4,628 



(NA) 
-27.4 
-23.5 



-16.3 
-25.4 
-37.2 



(NA) 
-31.2 
-25.2 



(NA) 
-4.4 
-60.3 



-16.2 
-13.8 
-24.2 



(NA) 
-9.8 
-12.7 



8, 204, 700 
7, 550. 538 
7, 256, 506 

7, 710, 199 
7, 541, 000 
6, 024, 528 
5, 156, 332 

818, 782 

663, 700 

1, 526, 000 

2, 100, 174 



7, 559, 297 

6, 870. 100 

7, 037, 976 
7, 214, 135 

5, 729, 947 
5, 471, 100 
4, 951, 876 
4, 215, 842 

1, 829, 350 
1, 399, 000 



19, 129, 579 
18, 612, 200 
18, 222. 961 
16, 638, 407 

15, 960, 264 
16,415,900 
12, 878, 161 
9, 921, 700 

3, 169, 315 
2. 195, 300 

5, 344, 800 

6, 716, 707 



100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 



91.9 
79.8 
71. 1 



100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 



100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 

83.4 
88.2 
70.7 



16.6 
11.8 
29.3 
40.4 



819, 248, 000 
536, 127, 000 
302, 076, 394 
210, 277, 647 

709, 469, 000 
446, 443, 000 
243, 369, 394 
141, 961, 029 

109, 779, 000 
89, 684, 000 
58, 707, 000 
68, 316, 618 



499, 103, 000 
333, 698, 000 
184, 918, 207 
150, 222, 241 

392, 794, 000 
267, 514, 000 
139, 524, 207 
100, 585, 607 

106, 309, 000 
66, 184, 000 
45, 394, 000 
49, 636, 634 



3, 935, 965, 000 

2, 262, 466, 000 

1. 260, 752, 795 

873, 606, 128 

3, 129, 092, 000 

1, 808, 803, 000 

912, 540, 795 

499, 216, 422 

806, 873, 000 
453, 663. 000 
348, 212, 000 
374, 389, 706 



100.0 


96.05 


100.0 


64.13 


100.0 


40.01 


ioo.o 


28.98 


86.6 


92.02 


83.3 


57.88 


80.6 


40.40 


67.5 


27.63 


13.4 


134.08 


16.7 


135. 13 


19.4 


38.47 


32.5 


32.63 


100.0 


66.03 


100.0 


48.57 


100.0 


26.27 


100.0 


20.82 


78.7 


68.55 


80.2 


48.90 


75.5 


28.18 


67.0 


23.86 


21.3 


68.11 


19.8 


47.31 


24.5 


21.76 


33.0 


16.65 


100.0 


205.75 


100.0 


121.66 


100. 


69.18 


100.0 


52.51 


79.5 


196.06 


79.9 


110. 19 


72.4 


70.86 


67.1 


50.32 


20.6 


254 59 


20.1 


206.56 


27.6 


65.15 


42.9 


55.74 



25, 688, 000 
21, 795, 000 
14 207, 000 
21, 876, 000 



25, 688, 000 
21, 795, 000 
14, 207, 000 
21, 876, 000 



23, 494, 000 
14, 411, 000 
9, 760, 000 
17, 293, 000 



23, 494 000 
14 411, 000 
9, 760, 000 
17, 293, 000 



146, 044, 000 
99, 020, 000 
79, 392, 000 

133, 727, 000 



146, 044 000 
99, 020, 000 
79. 392, 000 

133, 727, 000 



3.11 

2.10 
1.39 
2.40 



45.08 
14.85 
19.91 



24.3 
24.2 
32.0 



22.1 
21.8 
21.6 
348 



NA Not available. 

' The data, except for number of farms, inolnde figures for the rented portion of part-owner farms. 



FARM-MORTGAGE DEBT 



53 



Table 5. — Acreage, Value, and Amount of Mortgage Debt for All Farms, by Mortgage Status, bv Divisions and States- 

1940-56 

[For 1956 and 1950, do data are Included for the District of Columbia; for 1945 and 19-10, District of Columbia data are Included with Maryland] 



Area and mortgage status 



Percent 
distribu- 
tion 



Increase or decrease 
( — ) from preceding 
Census 



Number Percent 



Land In farms 



Percent 
distribu- 
tion 



Value of land and buildings 



Percent 
distribu- 
tion 



Average 
per :icre 
(dollars) 



Amount of mortgage debt 



Average 
per acre 

(dollars) 



UNITED STATES 

All farms 1956 

1950 
1945 
1940 

Free from debt 1958 

1950 
1945 
1940 

Mortgaged... 1956 

1950 
1945 
1940. 

GEOGRAPHIC DIVISIONS 

New England 

All farms 1956.. 

1950. . 
1945.. 
1940.. 

Free from debt 1956.. 

1950. . 
1945.. 
1940.. 

Mortgaged 1956.. 

1950.. 
1945.. 
1940. - 

Middle Atlantic 

All farms 1956- 

1960- 
1945.. 
1940- 

Free from debt 1956- 

1950- 
1945.. 
1940- 

Mortgaged 1956.. 

1950.. 
1945- - 
1940- 

East North Central 

All farms 1956- 

1950- 
1945- 
1940- 

Free from debt 1956— 

1950- 
1945- 
1940- 

Mortgaged 1956— 

1950.. 
1945- 
1940- 

West North Central 

A 1) farms 1966— 

■ ■ 1950- 

1945- 

■ • - 1040- 

Free from debt 1956-. 

1950- 
1945- 
1940- 

Mortgaged 1956— 

1950- 
1945- 
1840- 

NA Not£available. 



4. 783, 021 
6, 382, 134 
5.S59, 169 
6, 096, 799 

(MA) 

3, 901, 733 
4,145,314 
3, 733, 022 

(NA) 
1, 4S0, 401 

1, 713, 855 

2, 363, 777 



81,816 
103, 225 
150,311 
135, 190 

(NA) 
62, 138 
97. 037 
72,272 

(NA) 
41,087 
53,274 
62, 918 



267, 199 
296, 702 
347, 477 
348,100 

(NA) 
197, 343 
234. 750 
208, 473 

(NA) 
99, 359 
112.727 
139. 627 



799, 065 

885, 404 

953, 797 

1, 006, 095 



(NA) 
277. 725 
323, 707 
430, 732 



905, 195 

982, 735 

1,031,993 

1, 090, 674 

(NA) 
674, 809 
635, 723 
596, 156 

(NA) 
307, 926 
396,270 
494, 418 



100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 

(NA) 
72.6 
70.7 
61.2 

(NA) 
27.5 
29.3 
38.8 



-599.113 
-477,035 
-237, 630 



(NA) 
-243,581 
412, 292 



(NA) 
-233, 454 
-649, 922 



(NA) 
-13 6 
-27.5 



1, 160. 043, 854 
1, 158, 564. 600 
1,141.615,364 
1, 060, 852, 374 

811,357,177 
854, 954, 500 
768, 492, 641 
603, 478, 672 

348. 686, C77 
303. 610. 100 
373, 122. 723 
457, 373, 702 



100. 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 



106, 676, 916, 000 
74, 704, 678, 000 
46. 388, 925, 560 
33,641,738,726 

70. 294, 632, 000 
62, 655, 552, 000 
30,012,971,560 
17, 767, 959, 868 

36, 282. 284, 000 
22, 049, 126, 000 
16, 375, 954. 000 
16,873,778,858 



11)0.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 

66.0 
70.5 
64.7 
52.8 

34.0 
29.6 
35.3 



91.87 
64.48 
40.63 
31.71 

86.64 
61.59 
30.05 



104. 08 
72.62 
43.89 
34.71 



9, 066, 153, 000 

5, 579, 278, 000 
4, 940, 915, 000 

6, 580, 399, 000 



7. 82 
4.82 
4 38 
6.21 



9, 066, 153. 000 

5, 579, 278, 000 
4,940,915.000 

6, 586, 399, 000 



26.00 
18.33 
13.24 
14.40 



100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 

(NA) 
60.2 
64.6 
53.5 



100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 



(NA) 
33.5 
32.4 
40.1 



100.0 
100. 
100.0 
100.0 



(NA) 
31.4 
33.9 
42.8 



100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 



-21, 409 

-47,086 

15, 121 



(NA) 
-34. 899 
24, 765 



(NA) 
-36.0 
34.3 



(NA) 
-12,187 
-9,644 



(NA) 
-22.9 
-16.3 



-39. 503 

-50,775 



-13.3 

-14.6 
-0.2 



(NA) 
-37. 407 
26,277 


(NA) 
^15.9 
12.6 


(NA) 

-13,368 

-26,900 


(NA) 
-11.9 
-19.3 



-52, 298 


-5.2 


(NA) 
-22, 411 
64,727 


(NA) 
-3.6 

9.5 


(NA) 
-45,882 
-107, 025 


(NA) 
-14.2 
-24.8 



-77.540 
-49. 258 
-58, 581 



(NA) 
39,086 
39.567 



(NA) 
-88,344 
-98, 148 



(NA) 
-22.3 
-19.9 



11,141,513 
12, 546, 600 
14. 496. 990 
13, 371, 473 



4, 858. 523 
4, 862, 700 
6, 208, 100 
6, 3S0, 054 



29, 958, 872 
31,855,000 
34, 406, 249 
33, 638, 873 

18, 384, 732 
21, 005, 200 
22, 605. 249 
19, 278, S66 

11,574,140 
10. 849, 800 
11,801,000 
14, 360, 007 



108, 828, 446 
112,097,600 
115,564,303 
113,655,362 

75, 731, 494 
79, 566, 000 
75, 318, 403 
63. 387, 293 

33, 096, 952 
32, 531, 600 
40, 245, 900 
50, 268, 068 



285, 626, 303 
284, 328, 600 
283, 247, 665 
274, 422, 669 

193, 729, 392 
208, 252, 200 
175.793,242 
153,800,457 

91.896.911 
76, 076, 400 
107,454,423 
120, 622, 112 



100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 



61.2 
64.1 
52.3 



100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 

61.4 
65.9 
65.7 
57.3 



100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 



71.0 
65.2 
55.8 

30.4 
29.0 
34.8 
44.2 



100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 

67.8 
73.2 
62.1 
56.0 

32.2 

26.8 
37.9 
44.0 



1, 369, 919, 000 

1,211,543.000 

938. 517, 440 

740, 507, 729 

725, 767, 000 
711. 085, 000 
580, 357, 440 
350,008,611 

644, 152, 000 
500, 458, 000 
358, 160, 000 
390,499,118 



4, 510, 732, 000 
3, 504, 883, 000 
2, 389, 076, 473 
2, 039, 079, 374 

2, 698, 407, 000 
2, 255, 304, 000 
1.557,705,473 
1,120,501,615 

1,812,325.000 

1, 249, 579, 000 

831,371.000 

918, 577, 759 



20, 662, 581, 000 
14, 573, 450. 000 
9, 958, 795, 924 
7, 333, 630, 726 

14. 380, 447, 000 
10, 387, 401, 000 
6, 486, 585, 924 

3, 984, 377, 930 

6, 282, 134, 000 

4, 186. 049, 000 
3, 472, 210. 000 
3, 349, 252, 796 



25, 542, 965, 000 
18, 757, 927, 000 
12, 115, 024, 193 
8, 795, 913, 122 

16, 867, 322, 000 
13,379,341,000 
7,280.071,193 
4,427,844,011 

8, 685, 643, 000 
6, 378, 586, 000 
4, 834, 953, 000 
4,368,069,111 



100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 



47.0 

41 3 
38 2 
52. 7 



100.0 

loo.o 

100.0 
100.0 



84 3 

Be. 2 

65.0 

40.2 
35.7 
34.8 
45 



ioo.o 

100. 
100.0 
100. 



71.3 
65.1 
54.3 



100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 

66.0 
71.3 
60.1 
60.3 



122. 96 
96.56 
64.74 
55.38 

115.51 
92.54 
62.48 
50.06 



150. 66 
110. 03 
69.44 
60.62 



107. 37 
68.91 
58.12 

156. 68 
115.17 
70.45 
63.97 



189. 86 
130. 01 
86.18 
64.53 

189. 89 
130. 55 
86.12 
62.86 

189. 81 
128.68 
86.27 
66.63 



89.43 
65.97 
42.77 
32.05 

87.01 
64.25 
41.41 
28.79 

94.52 
70.70 
45.00 
36.21 



190, 235. 000 
141,975,000 
114, 860, 000 
150, 499, 000 



17.07 
11.32 
7.92 
11.26 



190, 235, 000 
141, 975. 000 
114,860,000 
150, 499, 000 



616, 992, 000 
373, 125, 000 
293, 793, 000 
372, 155, 000 



39.16 
29 20 
22.05 
23.59 



616,992,000 
373, 125, 000 
293, 793. 000 
372, 155, 000 



1,621,896,000 
1,133,401,000 
1, 020. 938, 000 
1, 425, 539, 000 



44.67 
34. 39 
24.90 
25. 92 



14.90 
10.11 
8.83 
12.54 



1,621,896,000 
1, 133, 401, 000 
1, 020, 938, 000 
1, 425, 539, 000 



2, 165, 310. 000 
1,337,613,000 
1, 602, 040, 000 
2, 173, 966, 000 



49.00 
34.84 
26 37 
28.36 



2. 165, 310, 000 
1.337.613,000 
1, 602, 040, 000 
2, 173, 966, 000 



23.56 
17.58 
14.91 
18.02 



54 



FARM-MORTGAGE DEBT 



Table 5. — Acreage, Value, and Amount of Mortgage Debt for All Farms, by Mortgage Status, by Divisions and States: 

1940-56— Continued 

[For 1956 and 1950, no data are Included for the District of Columbia; for 1945 and 1940, District of Columbia data are included with Maryland] 



Area and mortgage status 



Land In farms 



Percent 
distribu- 
tion 



Increase or decrease 
(— ) from preceding 
Census 



Number Percent 



Percent 
distribu- 
tion 



Value of land and buildings 



Percent Average 
distribu- per acre 
tion (dollars) 



Amount of mortgage debt 



Average 
per acre 
(dollars) 



Ratio 

to value 
(per- 
cent) 



South Atlantic 

All farms 1956-. 

1950- 
1945- 
1940.. 

Free from debt 1956.. 

1950- 
1945- 
1940- . 

Mortgaged 1956- 

1950- 
1945.. 
1940- 

East South Central 

All farms 1956- 

1950- 
1945.. 
1940.. 

Free from debt -.1956- 

1950. . 
1945- 
1940- 

Mortgaged 1966- 

1950.. 
1945.. 
1940. . 

West South Central 

All farms 1956- 



Free from debt 1956- 

1950- . 
1945.. 
1940- 

Mortgagod 1956.. 

1950.. 
1945- 
1040.. 



1950- 
1945- 
1940- 

Free from debt 1956.. 

1950- . 
1945- 
1940- 

Mortgaged 1956.. 

1950.. 
1945.. 
1940.. 



All farms 



1956.. 

1950.. 
1945.. 
1940- . 

Free from debt 1956-. 

1950.. 
1945.. 
1940. . 

Mortgaged 1956.. 

I960.. 
1945.. 
1940- . 

NA Notlavailable, 



858, 675 

958, 970 

1. 043, 475 

1, 019, 451 



(NA) 
193, 800 
209, 537 
297, 795 



789, 667 

913, 002 

959, 829 

1,023,349 

(NA) 
710, 799 
737, 271 
648, 997 

(NA) 
202, 203 
222, 558 
374, 352 



ikw, y.jt 
7S0. 423 
877, 831 
964, 370 

(NA) 
590. 313 
6-19,617 
633, 198 

(NA) 
190, 110 
228,214 
331,172 



179, 871 
194, 858 
212, 527 
233, 497 

(NA) 
124,833 
144, 067 
133, 406 

(NA) 

70, 025 
68,460 
100, 091 



242, 579 
266,815 
281,929 
276, 173 

(NA) 
168,649 
182. 821 
143, 501 

(NA) 
98,166 
99, 108 

132, 672 



100.0 

100.0 
100.0 
100.0 



(NA) 
20.2 
20.1 



100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 



(NA) 
22.1 
23.2 
36.6 



1U0.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100. 



100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 

(NA) 
64.1 
67.8 
57.1 

(NA) 
35.9 
32.3 
42.9 



100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100. 

(NA) 
63.2 
64.8 
52.0 

(NA) 



-100, 295 

-84, 505 

24,024 



(NA) 
-68, 768 
112, 282 



(NA) 

-15,737 

-88,258 



(NA) 
-26, 472 
88,274 



(NA) 
-20, 355 
-151,794 



(NA) 
-59, 304 
16, 419 



(NA) 
-38, 104 
-102,958 



-14, 987 
-17. 669 
-211,970 



(NA) 
-19,234 
10,661 



(NA) 

1,565 
-31,631 



-24, 236 

-15,114 

5,756 



(NA) 
-14,172 
39,320 



(NA) 
-8.2 
15.6 



(NA) 
-3.6 
13.6 



(NA) 
-9.1 
-40.5 



(NA) 
-16.7 
-31.1 



(NA) 

2.3 
-31.6 



(NA) 
-1.0 
-25.3 



98, 388. 584 
102, 169, 100 
96, 601, 382 
92, 554, 759 

71,411,784 
79. 728, 400 
72, 363, 782 
60, 157, 274 

26, 976, 800 
22, 440, 700 
24. 237. 600 
32, 397, 485 



77,363,172 
79, 575. 800 
76,198,208 
77, 086, 363 

65, 887, 280 
60, 914, 200 
55, 592, 508 
45, 376, 194 

21, 475, 892 
18,661,600 
41, 605, 700 
31.710,169 



211,250,119 
211,469,200 
204, 995, 123 
200, 527, 339 

147, 816, 992 
149, 888, 800 
134, 429, 023 
101, 164, 286 

63, 433, 127 
61,580,400 
70, 566, 100 
99, 353. 053 



260, 988, 892 
250, 212, 500 
244, 576, 938 
191,901,190 

191,158,533 
194, 195, 500 
178,189,638 
120, 931, 919 



76, 497, 953 
74, 310, 200 
71, 528, 506 
63, 694, 446 

50, 953, 980 
53, 720, 300 
44,911,906 
32, 390, 964 

25. 543, 973 
20, 589, 900 
26,616,600 
31,303,482 



100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 

72.6 

78.0 
74.9 
65.0 

27.4 
22.0 
25.1 
36.0 



100. 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 



27.8 
23.5 
27.0 



100.0 

100.0 
100.0 
100.0 



30.0 
29.1 
34.4 
49.6 



100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 



77.6 
72.9 
63.0 

26.8 
22.4 
27.1 
37.0 



100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 



33.4 
27.7 
37.2 



11, 012, 862, 000 
7, 047, 091. 000 
4, 238, 535, 502 
3,159,549,836 

7, 692, 531, 000 
5, 350, 512, 000 
3, 150, 177, 502 
1, 998, 542, 653 

3, 320, 331, 000 
1, 696, 679, 000 
1, 088. 358. 000 
1, 161, 007, 183 



6, 534, 736, 000 
5,143,167,000 
3, 094, 048, 808 
2, 324, 736, 915 

4,615,340,000 
3,757,651,000 
2,168,850,808 
1,303,593,163 

2, 019, 396, 000 

1,385,516,000 

926,198.000 

1.021,143,752 



15,161,061,000 
10, 418, 489, 000 
6, 816, 249, 745 
4, 231, 841, 346 

9, 916, 891, 000 
7, 378. 535, 000 
3,760,285,745 
2, 193, 101, 446 

5, 234, 160, 000 
3, 039, 951. 000 
2, 059, 964, 000 
2, 038, 739, 900 



8, 334, 324, 000 
5,47i,013,000 
2, 756, 169, 258 
L 779. 843, 231 

5. 073, 153, 000 

3, 691, 795, 000 

1, 796, 875, 258 

836, 409, 230 

3,261,171,000 

1, 779, 218, 000 

959,294,000 

943, 434, 001 



13, 457, 746, 000 
8, 577, 115, 000 
6, 082, 508, 217 
3, 236, 636, 447 

8, 434, 774, 000 
6.743,928,000 
3,236,062,217 
1,553,581,209 

5, 022, 972, 000 
2, 833. 187, 000 
1,846,446,000 
1,683,055,238 



100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 



75.9 
74.3 
63.3 

30.1 
24.1 

25.7 
36.7 



100. 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 



73.1 
70.1 
56.1 

30.9 
26 
29.9 
13.9 



100. 
100.0 
100.0 
100. 



3-1.5 
29.2 
35.4 
48.2 



100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 



39.1 
32.5 
34.8 
53.0 



100.0 
100.0 
100 
100 

62.7 
67.0 
63.7 
48.0 

37.3 
33.0 
36.3 
52.0 



111.93 
68.97 
43.88 
34.14 

107. 72 
67.11 
43.53 
33.22 

123.08 
75.60 
44.90 
35.84 



84.47 
64.63 
40.61 
30.16 

80.79 
61.69 
39.01 
28.73 

94.03 

74.24 
44.90 
32. 20 



71.72 
49.27 
28.37 
21.10 

67.09 
49.23 
27.94 
21. 6S 

82.51 
49.37 
29.19 
20.52 



31.93 
21.87 
11.27 
9.27 

26.54 
19.01 
10.08 



46.70 
31.76 
14.45 
13.29 



175. 92 
115.42 
71.06 
60.82 

165.54 
106. 92 
72.05 
47.96 

196.64 
137. 60 
69.37 



827, 563, 000 
442, 830, 000 
335, 712, 000 
405,057,000 



827, 563, 000 
442, 830, 000 
335, 712, 000 
405, 057, 000 



699, 985, 000 
372. 436, 000 
297, 320, 000 
384, 094, 000 



599, 985, 000 
372, 436, 000 
297,320,000 
384,094,000 



1,138,068,000 
654, 995, 000 
551, 903, 000 
713, 036, 000 



1,138,068,000 
654, 995, 000 
651,903,000 
713,036,000 



808, 280, 000 
424. 502, 000 
262, 291, 000 
357, 190, 000 



80S, 280, 000 
424,502,000 
262, 291, 000 
357, 190, 000 



, 197, 824, 000 
698.401.000 
462, 058, 000 
604,863,000 



1,197,824,000 
698,401,000 
462, 058, 000 
604,863,000 



19.73 
1385 
12.50 



27.94 
19.96 
14.43 
12.11 



17.94 
10.64 
7.82 
7.18 



3. 10 

1.70 

I. 117 



11.57 
7.58 
3.95 
5.03 



15.66 
9.40 
6.46 
9.50 



46.89 
33.92 
17.36 
19.32 



FARM'MORTGAGE DEBT 



55 



Table 5. — Acreage, Value, and Amount of Mortgage Debt for All Farms, by Mortgage Status, by Divisions and States: 

1940-56— Continued 

(For 1956 and 1950, no data are included (or the District of Columbia; for 1945 and 1940, District of Columbia data are included with Maryland] 



Area and mortgage status 



Percent 
distribu- 
tion 



Increase or decrease 
(— ) from preceding 
Census 



Number Percent 



Percent 
distribu- 
tion 



Value of land and buildings 



Percent 
distribu- 
tion 



Amount of mortgage debt 



Average 
per aero 
(dollars) 



NEW ENGLAND 

Maine 

All farms 1956.. 

I960.. 
1946.. 
1940. . 

Free from debt 1956.. 

1950.. 
1945.. 
1940. . 

Mortgaged .-1956- 

1950. . 
1945.. 
1940- 

New Hampshire 



All farms. 1956.. 

1950. . 
1945. . 
1940. - 

Free from debt 1956- 

1950-. 
1945- 
1940- 

Mortgagwl 1950.. 

1950.. 
1946- 
1940- 



All farms 1956- 

1950- 
1945.. 
1940- 

Free from debt 1956- 

1950.. 
1945.. 
1940- 

Mortgaged 1956— 

1950.. 
1945- 
1940- 

Massachusetls 

All farms 1956.. 

1950.. 
1945- 
1940- 

Free from debt- 1956.. 

1950.. 
1945. . 
1940- 

Mortgaged 1956.. 

1950- . 
1945- 
1940- . 



All farms 1956.. 

1950- 
1945. . 
1940- 

Free from debt 1956.. 

1950.. 
1945.. 
1940- 

Mortgaged 1956.. 

1950.. 
1945- 
1940- 

NA Not available. 



23. 371 

30. 358 
42. 184 



(NA) 
21,490 
31, 514 
25, 118 

(NA) 



10,423 
13, 391 
18, 786 
16,554 

(NA) 
8, 023 
12,728 
9,606 

(NA) 
5,368 
6, 058 
7,048 



15,999 
19, 043 
26,490 
23,582 

(NA) 
10, 271 
16, 893 
10, 995 

(NA) 
8,772 
9,597 
12,587 



17,316 
22,220 
37,007 
31, 897 

(NA) 
11, 791 
19, 879 
14,746 

(NA) 
10, 429 
17,128 
17, 152 



(NA) 
1,578 
2,303 
1,777 

(NA) 
1,020 
1,300 
1,237 



100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 



(NA) 
29.2 
25.3 



100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 



(NA) 
40.1 
32.2 
42.6 



100.0 
100 
100 
100.0 



(NA) 
46.1 
36.2 
63.4 



100.0 
100 
100.0 
100.0 

(NA) 
53.1 
63.7 
46.2 

(NA) 
46.9 
46.3 



100.0 
100.0 
100 
100.0 



(NA) 
39.3 
36.1 
41.0 



(NA) 
-1,802 
-3, 192 



-4,904 

-14, 787 

5,110 



(NA) 
-8,088 
6, 134 



(NA) 
-6,699 
-24 



(NA) 
-31.8 
25.6 



(NA) 
-11.4 
-14.0 



-16.0 

-28.1 

12.3 



(NA) 
-39.2 
63.6 

(NA) 
-8.6 
-23.8 



-22.1 
-40.0 
16.0 



(NA) 
-39.1 
-0.1 



(NA) 
-31.6 
29.6 



3, 625, 946 
4,181,600 
4,613.175 

4, 223, 297 

2, 372, 970 
2, 923, 500 
3, 290, 775 
2, 564, 362 

1, 252, 976 
1, 258, 100 
1,322,400 
1.658,935 



1,489,009 
1,713,800 
2,017,049 
1,809,314 

856, 218 
1,048.800 
1,367,549 
1,014,993 

632, 791 
665, 000 
649, 500 
794, 321 



3. 312, 632 
3, 627, 400 
3, 930. 514 
3, 666, 835 

1, 415, 798 

1. 882. 400 

2, 288. 014 
1, 667, 510 

1, 896, 834 
1, 645. 000 
1, 642, 500 
2, 099, 325 



1, 427, 059 
1, 660, 400 
2. 078. 349 
1, 937, 963 

839, 756 

936. 700 

1, 144, 449 

931, 409 

587. 303 

723, 700 

933,900 

1. 006, 654 



142. 190 
191, 000 
264, 734 
221, 913 

89.804 
121.500 
187. 834 
145, 126 

52,386 
69,500 
76, 900 
76, 787 



100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 

66.4 
69.9 
71.3 
60.7 

34.6 
30.1 
28.7 
39.3 



100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 



61.2 
67.8 
56.1 

42.5 

38.8 
32.2 
43.9 



101) 
100 

ioo o 

100.0 



46. 6 
41.8 
57.3 



100. 
100 
100 
100 



43 6 
44.9 
61.6 



100 
100 
100 
100.0 

63.2 
63.6 
71.0 
65.4 



237, 758, 000 
224, 660, 000 
160,680.897 
124,082,841 

147,858,000 
152, 342, 000 
108, 785, 897 
66, 460, 705 

89, 900, 000 
72,318,000 
50, 895, 000 
57,622,136 



125. M. oon 
122, 675, 000 
80, 394, 869 
62, 206, 391 

60,169,000 
72, 506, 000 
62, 745, 869 
31,952,794 

65, 797, 000 
50, 169, 000 
27, 649, 000 
30, 253, 597 



216, 872, 000 
197, 748, 000 
134, 575, 897 
111, 108, 534 

91,298,000 
105, 322. 000 
80. 190. 897 
46, 038, 349 

125, 574, 000 
92, 426, 000 
54, 385. 000 
65, 070, 185 



363, 784. 000 
309, 708. 000 
265, 232, 462 
212,014,287 

187, 373. 000 
168. 469, 000 
147,601.462 
99, 032, 530 

176,411.000 
141, 239. 000 
117,631,000 
112,981,757 



56. 449. 000 
44, 126. 000 
35, 609. 900 
26, 334, 374 

29, 931. 000 
26. 065. 000 
23, 466. 900 
15, 589, 843 

26. 518, 000 
18, 061. 000 
12,143,000 
10, 744, 531 



100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 



100.0 
100.0 
100. 
100.0 

47.8 
59.1 
65.6 



52.2 
40.9 
34.4 
48.6 



100 
100 
100 
100.0 



57.9 
46.7 
40.4 



100.0 
100 
100 
100.0 

51.6 

54.4 
55.6 
46.7 

48.5 
45.6 
44.4 
53.3 



100 
100 
100 
100.0 

63 
59.1 
65.9 
59.2 



62.31 
62.11 

33. no 
25.92 

71.75 
57.48 
38.49 
34.73 



70.27 
69.13 
38.57 
31.48 

103. 9S 
76.44 
42.57 



65. 47 
56 06 
34.24 
30. 30 

64.49 
55.95 
35 05 
29.37 

66.20 
56.19 
33. 11 
31.00 



254.92 
186. 53 
127. 62 
109. 40 

223.13 

179. 85 
128.97 
106. 33 



397. 00 
231.03 
134. 51 
118.67 

333. 29 
214. 53 
124 93 
107. 42 

506.20 
259 87 
157. 91 



28.361,000 
20, 470, 000 
16. 713, 000 
24, 757. 000 



28,361.000 
20, 470, 000 
16,713,000 
24, 757, 000 



21,582,000 
15, 570. 000 
9, 706, 000 
11,220.000 



21,682,000 
15. 570, 00(1 
9, 706. 000 
11,220,000 



42, 058, 000 
31,855.000 
21,975,000 
27,814,000 



42. 0.58. 000 
31, 855, 000 
21, 975. 000 
27, 814, 000 



49, 724. 000 
38. 825. 000 
36, 778. 000 
45, 845, 000 



49. 724. 000 
38. 825. 000 
36, 778. 000 
45, 845, 000 



6, 2.50. 000 
4. 227, 000 
3, 583. 000 
4, 121, 000 



6. 250. 000 
4, 227. 000 
3, 583, 000 
4, 121, 000 



7 82 
4.90 
3.62 



22.63 
16.27 
12.64 
14.92 



14.49 
9.09 
4.81 
6.20 



34.11 
23.41 
14.94 
14.13 



22 17 
19.36 
13 38 
13.25 



63.65 
39 38 
45.55 



119 31 
60 82 
46.59 
63.67 



56 



FARM-MORTGAGE DEBT 



Table 5. — Acreage, Value, and Amount of Mortgage Debt for All Farms, by Mortgage Status, by Divisions and States: 

1940-56 — Continued 

[For 1956 and 1950, no data are included lor the District of Columbia; for 1915 and 1910, District of Columbia data are included with MarylandJ 



Area and mortgage status 



NEW ENGLAND— Continued 

Connecticut 

All farms 1956. 

1950. 
1945.. 
1940. 

Free from debt 1956.. 

1950.. 
1945.. 
1940- . 

Mortgaged 1956.. 

1950.. 
1945.. 
1940.. 

MIDDLE ATLANTIC 

New York 

All farms 1966.. 

1950. . 
1945.. 
1940.. 

Free from debt 1956.. 

1950.. 
1945.. 
1940.. 

Mortgaged 1956 

1950. . 
1945- . 
1940. . 



All farms ____1956. 

1950. 
1945. 
1940. 

Free from debt — .1956. 

1950. 
1945. 
1940. 

Mortgaged -1956. 

1950. 

1945.. 
1940. 



All farms 1956.. 

1950.. 
1945- 
1940.. 

Free from debt 1956.. 

1950.. 
1945.. 
1940.. 

Mortgaged -1956- 

1950.. 
1945. 
1940. 

EAST NORTH CENTRAL 

Ohio 

All farms -1956.. 

1950.. 
1945.. 
1940. . 



Mortgaged 



1956- 

1950.. 
1945- 
1940. 



12, 754 
15,615 
22,241 
21,163 



(NA) 
6,630 
8,521 
11,032 



105, 671 
124, 977 
149, 490 
153, 233 

(NA) 
78, 212 
93, 662 
82,658 

(NA) 
46,765 
55,828 
70,580 



22, 695 
24.838 
26,226 
25,835 

(NA) 
16,020 
15, 441 
13, 001 

(NA) 



128, 833 

146, 887 
171, 761 
169, 027 

(NA) 
104, 111 
125, 647 
112, 814 

(NA) 
42, 776 
46, 114 
56, 213 



(NA) 
140, 493 
159, 634 
147, 197 

(NA) 
58, 866 
60,941 



Percent 
distribu- 
tion 



100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 

(NA) 
57.5 
61.7 
47.9 

(NA) 
42.5 
38.3 
52.1 



100.0 

loo.o 

100.0 
100.0 

(NA) 
62.6 
62.7 
53.9 

(NA) 
37.4 
37.3 



100. 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 

(NA) 

60.5 
58.9 
50.3 

(NA) 
39.5 
41.1 



100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 



(NA) 
29.1 
26.8 
33.3 



10(1. 

ioo.o 
ioo.o 

100.0 



(NA) 
29.5 
27.6 
37.0 



Increase or decrease 
(— ) from preceding 
Census 



Number Percent 



-2, 861 
-6, 626 
1,078 



-19,306 
-24, 513 
-3, 748 



(NA) 
-15,450 
11,004 



(NA) 
-9,063 
-14, 752 



-18,054 

-24,874 

2,734 



(NA) 
-21, 536 
12,833 



(NA) 
-3,338 
-10.099 



-22, 261 
-21,216 
-13,208 



(NA) 
-19,141 
12,437 



(NA) 
-2,075 
-25, 645 



(NA) 
-34.5 
36.4 



-15.4 
-16.4 
-2.4 



(NA) 
-16.5 
13.3 



(NA) 
-16.2 
-20.9 



(NA) 
-9.0 
-16.0 



(NA) 
-17.1 
11.4 



(NA) 
-7.2 
-18.0 



Land in farms 



1, 144, 677 
1, 272, 400 
1, 593, 169 
1, 512, 151 

708, 444 

771. 000 

1, 010. 269 

768. 019 

436, 233 
501,400 
582,900 
744, 132 



15, 103, 719 
16,016,600 
17, 568, 471 
17, 170, 337 

8, 777, 038 
10, 057, 400 
10. 803, 171 

8, 924, 934 

6, 326, 681 

5, 959, 200 

6. 765, 300 
8, 245, 403 



1.677,048 
1, 725. 500 
1. 818. 103 
1, 874, 402 

1,065.913 

1.085,300 

1,073,903 

939, 881 

611, 135 
640. 200 
744,200 
934, 521 



13,178,105 
14,112,900 
15,019,675 
14, 594, 134 

8, 541, 781 
9, 862, 500 
10, 728, 175 
9,414,051 

4,636,324 
4, 250, 400 
4, 291, 500 



20,071,381 
20, 969, 400 
21, 927, 844 
21, 907, 523 

14, 563, 323 
15, 285, 400 
15, 935, 744 
13, 696, 6G6 

5, 508, 0.58 
5, 684, 000 
5, 992, 100 
8, 210, 857 



Percent 
distribu- 
tion 



100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 

61.9 
60.6 
63.4 



38.1 
39.4 
36.6 
49.2 



100 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 



62.8 
61.5 
52.0 

41.9 
37.2 
38.5 
48.0 



100 
100 
100.0 
100.0 



Value of land and buildings 



100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 



35.2 
30.1 
28.6 
35.5 



100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 



27.4 
27.1 
27.3 
37.5 



369. 090. 000 
312, 626. 000 
263.023,415 
204, 761, 302 

209, 138, 000 
186,381.000 
167, 566, 415 
90, 934, 390 

159, 952, 000 
126, 245, 000 
95, 457, 000 
113,826,912 



1, 857, 498, 000 

1, 481, 655, 000 

1. 087. 522, 090 

947, 073, 893 

1, 049, 888. 000 
912, 787. 000 
668, 788, 090 
486, 816, 007 

807. 610. 000 
568, 868. 000 
418, 734. 000 
460, 257, 886 



743. 861. 000 
505,017.000 
292, 980. 843 
227, 805, 686 

415, 326, 000 
294. 674, 000 
169. 602. 843 
108, 993, 560 

328, 535. 000 
210, 343. 000 
123.378.000 
118, 812, 126 



1,909,373,000 

1,518,211,000 

1, 008, 573, 540 

864, 199, 795 

1,233,193,000 

1,047,843,000 

719, 314. 540 

524, 692, 048 

676, 180, 000 
470. 368, 000 
289, 259, 000 
339, 607, 747 



4,200,025,000 
2,856,484,000 
1, 868, 351, 004 
1,443,917,176 

2, 930, 798, 000 

2,045,991,000 

1, 339, 492, 004 

853, 703, 509 

1,269,227,000 
810,493,000 
528,859,000 
590, 213, 667 



Percent 
distribu- 
tion 



100.0 
100.0 
100 

ioo.o 



43.3 
40.4 
36.3 

55.6 



100.0 
100.0 
100 
100.0 

56.5 
61.6 
61.5 
51.4 

43.5 

38.4 
3S. 5 



100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 



100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 

64.6 

69.0 
71.3 
60.7 

35.4 
31.0 
28.7 



100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 



71.6 
71.7 
59. 1 



322. 44 
245.70 
165 09 
135.41 

295.21 
241.74 
165. 86 
118. 40 



92.51 
61.90 
55.16 

119 62 
90.76 
61.91 
54.55 

127. 65 
95.46 
61.89 
55.82 



443. 55 
292. 68 
161. 15 
121. 54 

389. 64 
271. 51 
157. 93 
115. 97 

537.58 
328.56 
165. 79 
127.14 



107. 58 
67.15 
59.22 

144.37 
106. 25 
67. 05 
55.73 

145. 84 
110. 66 
67.40 
65.54 



2.19 25 
136. 22 
85.20 
65. 91 



230. 43 
142. 59 
88.26 
71.88 



Amount of mortgage debt 



42, 260, COO 
31, 028, 000 
26, 105, 000 
36, 742, 000 



42, 260. 000 
31, 028. 000 
26, 105, 000 
36, 742, 000 



235, 435. 000 
169, 428, 000 
147, 200. 000 
191,786,000 



235, 435, 000 
169, 428. 000 
147. 200. 000 
191, 786, 000 



83, 361, 000 
55, 916. 000 
39, 235, 000 
48, 791, 000 



83, 361. 000 
55, 916, 000 
39. 235. 000 
48, 791, 000 



198, 196, 000 
147, 781, 000 
107,358,000 
131, 578, 000 



198,196,000 
147, 781, 000 
107, 358, 000 
131,578,000 



333. 982, 000 
228,681,000 
167, 463, 000 
239,059,000 



333, 982, 000 
228,681,000 
167, 463. 000 
239,059,000 



30.92 
24.39 
16.39 

24.30 



96.87 
61.88 
44.78 



28.43 
21.76 
23.26 



49.71 
32.41 
21.58 
26.03 



136. 40 
87.34 
52.72 
52.21 



15.04 
10.47 
7.15 
9.02 



42.75 
34.77 
25.02 
25.40 



16.64 
10.91 
7.64 
10.91 



60.64 
40.23 
27.95 
29.11 



Ratio 
to value 
(per- 
cent) 



NA Not available. 



FARM-MORTGAGE DEBT 



57 



Table 5. — Acreagb, Value, and Amount of Mortgage Debt for All Farms, by Mortgage Status, by Divisions and States: 

1940-56— Continued 

I For 1956 and 1950, no data arc included for the District of Columbia; for 1945 and 1940, District of Columbia data nro included with Maryland] 



Area and mortgage status 



Percont 
distribu- 
tion 



Increase or decrease 
(— ) from preceding 
Census 



Number Percent 



Land in farms 



Percent 
distribu- 
tion 



Value of land and buildings 



Amount of mortgage debt 



Percent Average 
dlstrlbu- per acre 
tlon (dollars) 



Average 
per acre 
(dollars) 



Ratio 
to value 
(per- 
cent) 



AU farms 1950.. 

1950.. 
1945- 
1940. . 

Free from debt 1956.. 

1950.. 
1945.. 
1940.. 

Mortgaged 1956- 

1950. . 
1945- - 
1940.. 



Ul farms 1956.. 

1950.. 
1945.. 
1940.. 

Free from debt 1956.. 

1950- 
1945. 
1940. 

Mortgaged 1956. 

1950. 
1945. 
1940. 



All farms 1956 

1950 
1945 
1940- 

Free from debt 1956. 

1950. 
1945. 
1940. . 

Mortgaged. 1956. 

1950.. 
1915.. 
1940.. 



AU farms 1956.. 

1950. . 
1915.. 
1940- 

Free from debt— 1956— 

1950. . 
1945. . 
1940- 

Mortgaged 1956.. 

1950 . 
1945- 
1940- 

WEST NORTH CENTRAL 

Minnesota 

AU farms— 1956.. 

1960.- 
1945.. 
1940- 

Freefrom debt 1956 .'. 

1950.. 
1945- 
1940.. 

Mortgaged. 1956.. 

1950. . 
1945.. 
1940- 



153, 697 
160, 627 
175, 970 
184, 549 

(NA) 
109, 498 
110,180 
97,949 

(NA) 

57, 129 
65, 790 
86,600 



175, 705 
195, 268 
204, 239 
213, 439 

(NA) 
149, 298 
153, 781 
139, 049 

(NA) 

45, 970 
60, 458 
74,390 



138, 943 
155, 589 
175, 268 
187, 589 

(NA) 
106. 693 
109, 877 
102, 268 



153, 622 
168, 561 
177, 745 
186, 735 

(NA) 
101, 097 
96, 618 



(NA) 
66.864 
81, 127 
97,835 



165, 324 
179. 101 
188, 952 
197, 351 

(NA) 
Hi 102 
105, 697 
101, 757 

(NA) 
64, 999 
83, 255 



100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 

(NA) 
65.7 
62.6 
53.1 

(NA) 
34.3 
37.4 
46.9 



100.0 
100. 
100.0 
100.0 



(NA) 
23.5 
24.7 
34.9 



100.0 

ioo.o 

100.0 

ioo.o 



ioo.o 
ioo.o 
ioo.o 
ioo.o 

(NA) 
60.3 
54.4 
47.6 

(NA) 
39.7 
45.6 
62.4 



100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 

(NA) 
63.7 

55.9 
61.6 

(NA) 
36.3 
44.1 
48.4 



■12.930 
-9,343 
-8, 579 



(NA) 
-682 
12, 231 



(NA) 
-8.661 
-20,810 



-19, 503 
-8,971 
-9,200 



(NA) 
-4,488 
-23, 932 



-16,646 
-19,679 
-12,321 



(NA) 
-3, 184 
7,6 



(NA) 

-16,495 

-19,930 



(NA) 
5,079 
7,718 



(NA) 

-14,203 

-16,708 



-13, 777 
-9, 851 
-8, 399 



(NA) 
-18,256 
-12, 339 



(NA) 
-0.6 
12.5 



(NA) 
-13.2 
-24.0 



(NA) 
-9.8 
-32.2 



(NA) 
-17.6 
-17 1 



(NA) 



(NA) 
-21.9 
-12.9 



19. 258, 594 
19, 658, 700 
20,027,015 
19, 800, 778 

12, 9S5, 199 
13, 206, 800 
12,241,716 
10,004,077 

6, 273, 395 
6,451,900 

7, 785, 300 
9, 796, 701 



30, 462, 749 
30, 97S. 500 
31,602,186 
31,032,572 

23, 767, 575 
24, 457, 300 
22, 800, 786 
19, 404, 078 

6, 695, 174 
6,521,200 
8,801,400 
11,62S,494 



16,492,349 
17, 269, 900 
18, 392, 227 
18,037,995 



5. 393. 405 
4. 930, 600 

6, 982, 800 
8, 176. 837 



22. 543, 373 

23, 221, 100 
23, 615, 031 
22. 876, 494 

13, 316. 453 

14, 277, 200 
12, 930, 731 
10,421,314. 

9, 226, 9 
S, 943, 900 
10, 684. 300 
12, 455, 180 



32, 353, 114 

32, 883, 200 

33, 139, 997 
32, 606, 962 

18, 871, 014 
21, 077, 800 
18, 013, 197 
16, 144, 016 

13, 482, 100 
11, 805, 400 
15, 126, 800 
16, 462, 947 



Hill. 
100.0 
100. 
100.0 



67. 2 
61.1 
50.5 



100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 

78.0 
78.9 
72.1 
62.5 

22.0 
21.1 
27.9 
37.5 



100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 

67.3 
71.4 
62.0 
54.7 

32.7 

2S.6 
38.0 
45.3 



100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 

59.1 
61.5 
54.8 
45.6 

40.9 
38.5 
45.2 
54.4 



100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 



4,155,613,000 
2, 667, 293. 000 
1,794,314,968 
1,251,491,614 

2,766,576,000 

1,807,945,000 

1, 100, 066, 968 

622, 820, 833 

1,389,037.000 
859, 348, 000 
694, 248, 000 
628, 670, 781 



7,417,163.000 
5,308,491,000 
3,662,545,111 
2,537,117,306 

5, 672, 156, 000 
4,122,714,000 
2,525,699,111 
1,501,656,149 

1,745,007,000 
1, 185, 777, 000 
1, 136, 846, 000 
1, 035, 561, 157 



2, 416, 833, 000 

1, 682, 567, 000 

1, 199, 290, 024 

912, 545, 223 

1, 562, 659, 000 

1, 185, 649. 000 

752, 296, 024 

487, 024, 196 

854, 174, 000 
496, 918, 000 
416, 994. 000 
425, 521, 027 



2, 472, 947. 000 
2, 058, 615, 000 
1,434,294,817 
1, 188, 559, 407 

1, 448, 258, 000 

1, 225, 102, 000 

769,031,817 

519, 273, 243 

1,024,689,000 
833,513.000 
605, 263, 000 
669, 286, 164 



3, 793. 153, 000 
2, 718, 591, 000 
1, 833, 761, 
1, 443, 021, 290 



2, 205, 6S7, 000 
64.1 1,751,719,000 
54. 4 969, 405, 468 
49. 5 678, 514, 244 



41.7 
35.9 
45.6 
50.5 



1, 587, 466. 000 
966, 872, 000 
864, 356, 000 
764, 507, 046 



100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 

60.6 
67.8 
61.3 



33.4 
32.2 
38.7 
50.2 



100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 

76.6 
77.8 
69.0 
59.2 

23.5 
22.2 
31.0 



ioo.o 

100.0 
100.0 
100.0 

64.7 
70.5 
62.7 
53.4 

35.3 

29.5 
37.3 
46.6 



100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 

58.6 
59.6 
53.6 
43.7 

41.4 
40.5 
46.4 
56.3 



100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 



41.9 
35.6 
47.1 
53.0 



221.42 
133. 19 
89.17 
64.17 



243. 48 
171.36 
115.90 
81.76 

238. 65 
168. 57 
110.77 
77.38 

260.64 
181.83 
129.17 
89.05 



146. 54 
97 43 
65.21 
50.59 



158. 37 
100. 78 
64.01 
52.04 



109. 70 
88.65 
60.74 
51.96 

108. 76 
85.81 
59.47 
49.83 

111 05 
93.19 
62.27 
53.74 



117. 24 
82.67 
55.33 
44.20 

110.88 
83.11 
63.82 
42.03 

117. 75 
81.90 
57.14 
40.44 



309,125,000 
200, 425, 000 
170, 408, 000 
230,200,000 



309,125,000 
200, 425, 000 
170, 408, 000 
230, 266, 000 



368,154,000 
205, 755, 000 
269, 947, 000 
418,970,000 



235, 917, 000 
155,514,000 
144, 988, 000 
174, 308, 000 



235, 917, 000 
155.514,000 
144, 988, 000 
174, 308, 000 



374, 718. 000 
283. 026. 000 
262, 072, 000 
356, 936, 000 



374, 71S, 000 
283, 026, 000 
262, 072, 000 
356, 936, 000 



452, 533, 000 
270, 807, 000 
304, 041, 000 
375, 990, 000 



452, 533, 000 
276, 807, 000 
304, 641, 000 
375, 990, 000 



16.05 
10.20 
8.81 
11.93 



49.28 
31.06 
22.67 
24.12 



5199 
40.75 
30.07 
36.03 



16.62 
12.19 
11.10 

15. 60 



40.61 
31.64 
24.53 
28.60 



13.99 
8.42 
9.19 

11.53 



33.57 
23.45 
20.14 
22.84 



NA Not avaUable. 



58 



FARM-MORTGAGE DEBT 



Table 5. — Acreage, Value, and Amount of Mortgage Debt for All Farms, by Mortgage Status, by Divisions and States: 

1940-56— Continued 

[For 1956 and 1950, no data are included for the District of Columbia; for 1945 and 1940, District of Columbia data are included with Maryland] 



Area and mortgage status 



Percent 
distribu- 
tion 



Increase or decrease 
(— ) from preceding 
Census 



Number Percent 



Land in farms 



Percent 
distribu- 
tion 



Value of land and buildings 



Percent 
distribu- 
tion 



Amount of mortgage debt 



Average 
per acre 
(dollars) 



Ratio 
to value 
(per- 
cent) 



All farms 1956. 

1950 
1945 
1940 

Free from debt 1956 

1950 
1945. 
1940 

Mortgaged 1956 

1950 
1945. 
1940. 



All farms - 1956.. 

1950. . 
1945. 
1940. 

Free from debt .1956.. 

1950.. 
1945.. 
1940- 

Mortgaged 1956. 

1950.. 
1945. 
1940. 

North Dakota 

All farms 1956. 

1950. 
1945 
1940. 

Free from debt 1956 

1950. 
1945 
1940. 

Morlgaged-- - 1956- 

1950- 
1945. 
1940. 



1950. 
1945. 
1940. 

Free from debt 1956. 

1950. 
1945. 
1940. 

Mortgaged 1956.. 

1950.. 
1945.. 
1040.. 



All farms 1956.. 

1950- 
1945. 
1940. 

Free from debt 1956. 

1950- 
1945. 
1940. 

Mortgaged 1956- 

1950. 
1945. 
1940. 

NA Not available. 



193, 009 
203, 159 
208, 934 
213, 318 

(NA) 
135, 357 
122, 067 
110, 525 

(NA) 
67, 802 
86, 867 

102, 793 



201, 680 
230, 045 
242. 934 
256, 100 

(NA) 
157, 626 
161, 468 
147, 397 

(NA) 
72, 419 
81, 466 
108, 703 



61, 808 
65. 401 
69, 520 
73,962 

(NA) 
46,188 
41, 872 
40,327 

(NA) 
19, 213 
27,648 
33, 635 



62, 350 
66, 452 
68,705 
72,454 



(NA) 
19, 662 
29, 319 
29,700 



100, 733 
107, 1S3 
111, 756 
121, 062 

(NA) 
77, 674 
70, 643 
66, 816 

(NA) 
29,509 
41, 113 
54, 246 



100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 



(NA) 
33.4 
41.6 
48.2 



100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100. 



(NA) 
31.5 
33.5 
42.4 



100.0 
100. 
100.0 

100 II 



100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 

(NA) 
70.4 
57.3 
59.0 

(NA) 
29.6 
42.7 
41.0 



100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 

(NA) 
72.5 
63.2 
56.2 

(NA) 
27.5 
36.8 
44.8 



-10, 150 
-5, 775 
-4.384 



(NA) 
13,290 
11, 542 



(NA) 

-19,065 

-15,920 



-28, 365 
-12, 889 
-13,166 



(NA) 
-3, 842 
14, 071 



(NA) 
-9, 047 
-27, 237 



-3, 593 
-4,119 
-4,442 



(NA) 
4,316 
1,545 



(NA) 
-8. 435 
-5, 987 



(NA) 

7,404 
-3,368 



(NA) 
-11, 604 
-13, 133 



-5.0 
-2.8 
-2.1 



(NA) 
10.9 
10.4 



(NA) 
-21.9 
-15.5 



(NA) 
-11.1 
-25.1 



-5.5 
-5.9 
-6.0 



(NA) 
-30.5 
-17.8 



(NA) 
18.8 
-7.9 



(NA) 
-32.9 
-1.3 



(NA) 
-28.2 
-24.2 



34, 161, 686 
34, 254, 600 
34, 453, 936 
34,148,673 

21, 148, 550 
22, 727, 700 
19, 299, 936 
16, 929, 072 

13, 013, 136 
11, 536, 900 
15, 154, 000 
17,219,601 



34, 269, 241 
35, 123, 100 

35, 278, 251 
34, 739, 59S 

23,364,361 
25, 106, 200 
22, 844, 251 
19, 745, 056 

10, 904, 880 
10, 016, 900 
12, 434, 000 
14. 994, 542 



42, 096, 666 
41, 194, 100 
41, 001, 158 
37, 936, 136 

29, 934, 236 
31, 094, 900 
26, 953, 058 
22, 408, 101 

12, 162. 430 
10, 099, 200 
14, 048. 100 
15, 628, 035 



44, 979, 163 
44, 785, 500 
43, 031, 964 
39, 473, 584 

31. 113, 755 
34, 070. 600 
27, 574, 941 
26, 602, 702 

13, 865, 408 
10, 714, 900 
15, 457, 023 
12. 870. 882 



47,556,311 
47. 466, 800 
47, 752, 941 
47, 343, 981 

32, 254, 601 
34, 869, 900 
28, 734, 241 
24, 720, 627 

15, 301, 710 
12, 596, 900 
19, 018, 700 
22, 623, 354 



100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 

61.9 
66.3 
56.0 



33. 7 
44.0 
60.4 



100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 



28.6 
35.2 
43.2 



100. 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 



76.5 
65.7 
69.1 



24. 5 
34.3 
40. 9 



100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 



23.9 
35.9 
32.6 



100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 

67.8 
73.5 
60.2 
52.2 

32.2 

26.6 
39.8 
47.8 



7, 297, 702, 000 
5, 427, 554, 000 

3, 611, 139, 829 

2, 690, 744, 215 

4, 551, 987, 000 

3, 635, 871, 000 
2, 026, 281, 829 

1, 291, 336, 200 

2, 745, 715, 000 
1, 791, 683, 000 
1, 684. 858, 000 
1, 399, 408, 015 



2, 978, 333, 000 
2, 201, 642, 000 
1, 526, 960, 502 
1, 107, 302, 598 

1, 980, 206, 000 

1, 547, 299, 000 

964, 099, 502 

600, 934, 997 

1,018,127,000 
654, 343, 000 
562, 861, 000 
506, 367, 601 



1,590,181,000 

1, 191, 033, COO 

708, 322, 155 

490, 197, 358 

1, 108, 474, 000 
890. 067. 000 
447, 454, 155 
244, 026, 912 

481, 707, 000 
300, 966, 000 
260, 868, 000 
246, 170, 446 



1, 793, 973, 000 

1, 359, 247, 000 

761 299, 619 

505, 452, 178 

1,223,177.000 

1, 009, 731, 000 

466, 739, 619 

279, 577, 150 

570, 796, 000 
349, 516, 000 
297, 560, 000 
225, 875, 028 



3, 808, 805, 000 
2, 684, 754, 000 

1, 699, 209, 821 
1, 137, 808, 019 

2, 633, 173, 000 
2, 001, 525. 000 
1, 049, 598, 821 

671, 390, 355 

1, 175, 632, 000 
683, 229, 000 
649, 611, 000 
566, 417, 664 



100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 

62.4 

67.0 
56.1 
48.0 

37.6 
33.0 
43.9 
52.0 



100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 



70.3 
63.1 
64.3 



100. 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 



74.7 
63.2 

49. 8 



100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 



74.3 
61.1 
65.3 



100. 

100.0 
100.0 
100.0 



25.4 
38.2 
49.8 



213, 62 
158. 40 
104. 81 
78.79 



159. 98 
1114.99 
70.28 

211.00 
155. 30 
104. 58 
81.27 



62.68 
43.28 
31.87 

83.90 
61.63 
42.20 
30.43 

93.36 
65.32 
45.27 



37.77 
28.91 
17.28 
12.92 

37.03 
28.62 
16.60 
10.89 

39.61 
29.80 
18.57 



39.88 
30.35 
17.76 
12.80 

39.31 
29.64 
16.93 
10.51 

41.17 
32.62 
19.25 
17.55 



80.09 
66.56 
35.58 
24.03 

81.64 
57.40 
36.63 
23.11 

76.83 
54.24 
34.16 
25.04 



669, 588, 000 
433, 878, 000 
525, 939, 000 
705, 589, 000 



669,588,000 
433, 878, 000 
525, 939, 000 
705, 589, 000 



285, 992, 000 
167, 053, 000 
197, 529, 000 
229, 377, 000 



285. 992, 000 
167, 053, 000 
197, 529, 000 
229, 377, 000 



110. 107, 000 
69, 108, 000 
91, 461, 000 

141, 230, 000 



136, 625, 000 
87, 536, 000 
106, 761, 000 
127, 706, 000 



136, 625, 000 
87, 536, 000 
106, 761, 000 
127, 706, 000 



265, 336, 000 
157, 956, 000 
204,174,000 
309, 826, 000 



265, 336, 000 
157, 956, 000 
204, 174, 000 
309, 826, 000 



19.60 
12.66 
15.26 
20.66 



51.45 
37.61 
34.71 
40.98 



26.23 
16.68 
15.89 
15. 30 



9.05 

(',. 84 
6.51 
9.10 



II 85 
8 17 
I. 91 



6.68 
3.33 
4.28 

li. 54 



17.34 

12.54 
10.74 
13. 69 



FARM-MORTGAGE DEBT 



59 



Table 5. — Acreage, Value, and Amount of Mortgage Debt for All Farms, by Mortgage Status, by Divisions and States: 

1940-56 — Continued 

[For 1956 and 1950, no data are Included (or the District of Columbia; for 1945 and 1940, District of Columbia data arc included with Maryland] 



Area and mortgage status 



Percent 
distribu- 
tion 



Increase or decrease 
(—) from preceding 
Census 



Land in farms 



Percent 
distribu- 
tion 



Value of land and buildings 



Percent Average 

distribu- per acre 

lion (dollars) 



Amount of mortgage debt 



Average 
per acre 
(dollars) 



Ratio 
to value 
(per- 
cent) 



All farms — 1956- 

1950. 
1945- 
1940- 

Free from debt 1956. 

1950. 
1945- 
1940. 

Mortgaged ...1956. 

1950. 
1945. 
1940. 

SOUTH ATLANTIC 

Delaware 

All farms 1956. 

1950. 
1945. 
1940. 

Free from debt 1956. 

1950. 
1945. 
1940- 

Mortgaged.-. 1956- 

1950. 
1945. 
1940. 



All farms.. 1956.. 

1950. . 
1945.. 
1940- 

Free from debt 1956- 

1950- 
1945- 
1940- 

Mortgaged 1956— 

1950- 
1945- 
1940- 



All farms 1956.. 

1950- 
1945- 
1940- 

Freefrom debt 1956— 

1950- 
1945- 
1940- 

Mortgaged 1956— 

1950.. 
1945- 
1940- 



All farms 1956- 

1950- 
1945- 
1940- 

Free from debt 1956- 

1950- 
1945- 
1940- 

Mortgaged 1956- 

1950- 
1945.. 
1940-. 



120,291 
131,394 

141.192 
156,327 

(NA) 
97, 072 
94. 590 
86.5S0 

(NA) 
34, 322 



6, 291 
7,448 
9.296 
8,994 

(NA) 
5.415 
6,590 



(NA) 

2,033 
2.706 
3.272 



32, 483 
36, 107 
41, 315 
42, 175 

(NA) 
24,244 
27, 431 
26,394 

(NA) 
11.863 
13. S84 
15, 781 



136.370 
150. 997 
173. 051 
174,885 

(NA) 
127. 0S2 
142. 979 
131, 470 

(NA) 
23,915 
30. 072 
43,415 



(VS. 570 
81 434 

97. 600 
99, 2s2 



(NA) 
12. 747 
12,411 
19. 192 



100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 

(NA) 
73.9 
67.0 
55.4 

(NA) 
26.1 
33.0 
44.6 



100,0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 



(N'A) 
27.3 
29.1 
36.4 



100.0 
100.0 
100. 
100.0 

(NA) 
07.1 
66.4 
62.6 



100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100. 



100. 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 

(NA) 
84.4 
87.3 



(NA) 
15.6 
12.7 
19.3 



-11,103 


-8.5 


-9, 798 


-6.9 


-15, 135 


-9.7 


(NA) 


(NA) 


2,482 


2.6 


8,010 


9.3 


(NA) 


(NA) 


-12,280 


-26.4 


-23, 145 


-33. 2 


-1.157 


-15.5 


-1,848 


-19.9 


302 


3.4 


(NA) 


(NA) 


-1,175 


-17.8 


868 


15.2 


(NA) 


(NA) 


-673 


-24.9 


-566 


-17.3 


-3,624 


-10.0 


-5,208 


-12.6 


-860 


-2.0 


(NA) 


(NA) 


-3. 187 


-li. a 


1,037 


3.9 


(NA) 


(NA) 


-2, 021 


-14.6 


-1,897 


-12.0 


-14, 627 


-9 7 


-22. 054 


-12.7 


-1.834 


-1.0 


(NA) 


(NA) 


-15,897 


-li. 1 


11, 509 


8.8 


(NA) 


(NA) 


-6, 157 


-20.5 


-13,343 


-30.7 


-12,864 


-15.8 


-16, 166 


-16.6 


-1,682 


-1.7 


(NA) 


(NA) 


-16.502 


-19.4 


5,099 


6.4 


(NA) 


(NA) 


336 


2.7 


-6, 781 


-35.3 



50,210,122 
48,611,300 
48. 589, 418 
48.173,635 


100.0 
100.0 
100.0 

100.0 


37, 042, 875 
39, 305, 100 
32.373,618 
27. 250, 884 


73.8 
80.9 
66.6 
56.6 


13,167,247 

9. 306, 200 
16, 215, 800 
20, 922. 751 


26.2 
19. 1 
33.4 
43.4 


813, 150 
851,390 
923, 350 
895, 507 


100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100 


568, 703 
619, 700 
641. 150 

582. 271 


69.9 
72.8 
69.4 
65.0 


244.447 
231.600 
282. 200 
313,236 


30.1 
27.2 
30.6 
35.0 


3, 916, 552 
4, 055, 500 
4,201,713 

4, 200. 16^ 


100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 


2, 550. 271 
2, 774. 300 
2,637.913 
2, 390, 430 


65.1 
68.4 
62.8 
56.9 


1.366,281 
1, 231, 290 
1.563,800 
1. 809, 73S 


34.9 
31.6 
37.2 
43.1 


14. 685. 079 

15. 572, 300 

16. 358. 072 
16, 444, 907 


100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 


11,1.54.645 
12, 808, 800 
12. 756, 572 
11, 789, 909 


76.0 
82.2 
78.0 
71.7 


3, 530, 434 

2, 763, 500 

3, 601, 500 

4, 654, 998 


24.0 
17.8 
22.0 
28.3 


7, 35S, 659 
8, 214, 600 
8. 719, 579 
8, 908, 803 


100. 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 


6, 033, 559 

6, 786, 000 

7, 263, 779 
6, 920, 049 


82.0 
82.6 
83.3 

77.7 


1, 325, 100 
1, 42S, 600 
1,455.800 
1,988.754 


18.0 
17.4 
16.7 
22.3 



4,280,818,000 
3,175,106,000 
1.971.330,799 
I, 121,337, 101 

3,174,618,000 

2,543,129,000 

1,356,491,799 

762. 064, 153 

1,108,200,000 

631, 977, 000 
614,839,000 
659,323,311 



154,146,000 
98,051,000 
72, 693, 794 
54, 898, 828 

108. 082, 000 
70, 307, 000 
52, 112.791 
34,270,884 

40, 1104, 000 
27. 744, 0O0 
20.281.090 
211. 627, 944 



757, 540 000 
504,315,000 

359. 768. 129 
279. 923, 252 

447, 722. 000 
32 1. 756, 0»n 
231.080,129 
160, 983, 861 

309, 818, 000 
183, 559. 000 
12s.6xX.000 
118, 939, 391 



1, 792, 180, 000 

1, 280. 551. 000 

Mis. S00 343 

674, 975, 424 

l.l.sO. 231,000 

1,007,739,000 

648, 692, 343 

465, 601, 902 

511.946,000 
272.812,000 
220,114,000 
209, 373, 522 



463, 516, 000 
478, 049, 000 
311,008,205 
269, 827, 285 

361, 262, 000 
3S7, 568, 000 
281, 284, 205 
201,913,189 

102. 254. 000 
90. 481. 000 
59, 724, 000 
67, 914. 090 



100.0 
100. 
100.0 
1011. 



25.8 
19.9 
31.2 
46.4 



100. 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 

70.1 
71.7 
72.1 
62.4 

29.9 
28.3 
27.9 
37.6 



100. 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 

59.1 
63.6 
64.2 



40.9 
36.4 
35.8 



100 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 



21.3 
25.3 
31.0 



100. 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 



22.1 
18.9 
17.5 
25.2 



X5. 20 
65. 32 
40.57 
29.51 

85.70 
64.70 
41.90 
27.96 

84.01 
67.91 
37. 92 
31.51 



115.18 
78.73 
61.30 

190. 05 
113. 45 
81.75 



1S8. 44 
119.79 
71.87 
65. 85 



193.42 
124. 35 
85. 62 
C6.65 

175. 56 
115.62 
85.78 
64.92 

226. 76 
143. 27 
82.29 
65.72 



122.04 
82.23 
53.11 
41.04 

114. 77 

78.68 
50.85 
39.49 

145. 01 
98.72 
61. 12 
44.98 



62. 99 
.58.20 
39.11 
30.29 

59.88 
57.11 
38.72 
29.18 

77.17 
63.34 
41.02 
34. 15 



245, 129. 000 
145, 275, 000 
171,535,000 
284, 248, 000 



245, 129, 000 
145, 275. 000 
171, 535, OOO 
284, 248, 000 



13,201,000 
9, 659, 000 

6. 49S, 000 

7, 957. 000 



13.201.000 
9. 659, 000 

6, 498, (ion 

7, 957. 000 



81.838.000 
53, 640. 000 
40. 627, 000 
46, 675, 000 



81.838,000 
53, 640, 000 
40, 627, 000 
46, 675, 000 



138. 856. 000 
74. 722. 000 
61, 765, 000 
72, 299, 000 



138, 856, 000 
74, 722, 000 
61, 765, 000 
72, 299, 000 



29, 054, 000 
24, 804. 000 
18, 658, 000 
21, 969, 000 



29, 054, 000 
24, 804, 000 
18, 658, 000 
21,969,000 



18. 02 
15. 61 
10. 58 
13.59 



16.23 
11.35 
7.04 



51.00 
41.71 
23.03 
25. 40 



20.90 
13.23 
9.67 
11.12 



59.90 
41.87 
25.98 
25.79 



4.80 
3.78 
4.40 



39.33 
27.04 
17.15 
15.53 



21.93 

17.36 27.4 

12.82 31.2 

11.05 I 32.3 



NA Not available. 



60 



FARM-MORTGAGE DEBT 



Table 5. — Acreage, Value, and Amount of Mortgage Debt for All farms, by Mortgage Status, by Divisions and States: 

1940-56 — Continued 



[For 1956 and 1950, no data arc included for the District of Columbia; for 1945 and 1910, District of Columbia data are included 


with Maryland 








itus 


Farms 


Land in farms 


Value of land and buildings 


Amount cf mortgage debt 


Area and mortgage st 


Number 


Percent 
distribu- 
tion 


Increase or 
(— ) from 
Census 


decrease 
preceding 


Acres 


Percent 
distribu- 
tion 


Dollars 


Percent 
distribu- 
tion 


Average 
per acre 
(dollars) 


Dollars 


Average 
per acre 
(dollars) 


Ratio 

to value 

(per- 




Number 


Percent 


cent) 


SOUTH ATLANTIC- 
Nortb Carolina 
All farms 


-Con. 

1956.- 
1950.- 
1945- 
1940- 

1956- 
1950- 
1945.. 
1940- 

-1956- 
1950- 
1945- 
1940- 

1956- 
1950. . 
1945- . 
1940- 

1956- 
1950- 
1945- 
1940- 

1956- 
1950- 
1945- 
1940- 

1956- 
1950- 
1945- 
1940- 

1956- 
1950- 
1945- 
1940- 

1956- 
1950- 
1945-. 
1940- 

1956- 
1950- 
1945- 
1940- 

1956- 
1950.. 
1945- 
1940- 

1956- 
1950- 
1945- 
1940- 

RAL 

1956- 
1950- 
1945- 
1940- 

1956- 
1950- 
1945- 
1940- 

--195R-- 
1950- 
1945- 
1940- 


267, 818 
288,508 
287, 412 
278, 276 

(NA) 
238, 643 
239, 071 
197, 366 

(NA) 
49, 865 
48,341 
SO, 910 

124, 188 
139, 364 
147, 745 
137, 558 

(NA) 
111, 799 
114, 853 
96, 766 

(NA) 
27, 565 
32, 892 

40, 792 

165, 465 
198, 191 
225, 897 
216,033 

(NA) 
146, 024 
168, 536 
142, 000 

(NA) 
52, 167 
57, 361 
74, 033 

57, 490 
56, 921 
61, 159 
62, 248 

(NA) 
43, 276 
49.289 
41,848 

(NA) 
13, 645 
11,870 
20,400 

193, 446 
218, 476 
238, 501 
252, 894 

(NA) 
176,759 
193, 788 
185, 507 

(NA) 

41, 717 
44,713 
67, 387 


100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 

(NA) 
82.7 
83.2 
70.9 

(NA) 
17.3 
16.8 
29.1 

100.0 
100.0 
100. 
100.0 

(NA) 
80.2 
77.7 
70.3 

(NA) 
19.8 
22.3 
29.7 

100.0 

100. 
100.0 
100.0 

(NA) 
73.7 
74.6 
65.7 

(NA) 
26.3 
25.4 
34.3 

100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 

(NA) 
76.0 
80.6 
67.2 

(NA) 
24.0 
19.4 


-20, 690 
1,096 
9,136 


-7.2 
0.4 
3.3 


18, 276, 109 

19, 318, 000 

18, 617, 932 
18, 845, 338 

13, 621, 036 
15,681.200 

14, 662, 932 

12, 955, 116 

4, 655, 073 
3, 636, 800 
3, 955. 000 
5, 890, 222 

11, 098, 318 
11, 878, 800 

11, 021, 623 
11,238,697 

8, 554, 537 

9, 521, 400 
7, 973, 523 
7, 078, 530 

2, 543, 781 

2, 357, 400 

3, 048, 100 
4, 160, 167 

24. 092, 943 

25, 751, 100 
23. 675. 612 
23. bS3, 631 

16, 034, 981 

19, 055, 500 
16. 140, 212 
13.788,942 

8, 057, 959 
0, 695, 600 

7, 535, 400 
9, 894, 689 

18, 147, 774 

15, 527, 500 

13, 083. 501 

8, 337, 70S 

12, 894, 049 

12, 481, 500 
10. 287. 701 

4, 652, 027 

5, 253, 725 
4, 046, 000 

2, 795, 800 

3, 685, 681 

18, 076, 602 
19,441.800 

19, 724, 834 

20, 294, 016 

13, 339, 855 
15, 476, 200 
15, 238, 734 
13, 620, 177 

4, 736, 647 
3, 965, 600 
4, 486, 100 

6, 673, 839 


100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 

74.5 
81.2 
78.8 
68.7 

25.5 
18.8 
21.2 
31.3 

100.0 

100.0 
100.0 
100.0 

77.1 
80.2 
72.3 
63.0 

22.9 
19.8 
27.7 
37.0 

100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 

66. 6 
74.0 
68.2 
58.2 

33.4 
26.0 
31.8 

41.8 

100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 

71.1 
75.5 
78.6 

55.8 

28.9 
24.5 
21.4 
44.2 

100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 

73.8 
79.6 
77.3 
67.1 

26.2 
20.4 
22.7 
32.9 


2, 671, 532, 000 

1, 888, 856, O00 

1,002,983,012 

736, 708. 125 

1,925,061,000 

1,539.021,000 

779,741,012 

431, 545, 900 

746,471,000 
349, 835, 000 
223, 242, 000 
255, 162, 225 

1,050,619,000 
819, 470, 000 
440, 632, 183 
338, 494, 517 

788, 218, 000 
641, 521, 000 
321, 873, 183 

202, 403, 035 

262, 401, 000 
177, 949, 000 
118, 759, 000 
136, 091, 482 

1, 571, 428, 000 

1, 098. 567, 000 

654, 244, 224 

480, 344, 531 

959, 423, 000 
784, 924, 000 
450, 517, 224 
264, 024, 311 

612, 005, 000 
313, 643, 000 

203, 727. 000 
216,320,220 

2,551,901,000 
879, 232. 000 
498, 399, 612 
3-4, 377, 874 

1, 822, 529, 000 
598, h76, 000 
384,576,612 
187, 799, 571 

729, 372, 000 
280, 556, 000 
113,823,000 
136, 578, 303 

1,782,874,000 

1, 570, 413, 000 

1, 015, 796, 276 

776, 494, 098 

1, 287, 057. 000 

1, 197, 154, 000 

739, 485, 276 

476, 036, 731 

495,817,000 
373, 259, 000 
276,311,000 
300, 457, 367 


100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 

72.1 
81.5 
77.7 
05.4 

27.9 
18.5 
22.3 
34.6 

100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 

75.0 
78.3 
73.0 
59.8 

25.0 
21.7 
27.0 
40.2 

100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 

01.1 
71.4 
68.9 
55.0 

38.9 
28.6 
31.1 
45.0 

100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 

71.4 
68.1 
77.2 
57.9 

28.6 
31.9 
22.8 
42.1 

100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 

72.2 
76.2 
72.8 
61.3 

27.8 
23.8 
27.2 
38.7 


146. 18 
97.78 
53.87 
39.09 

141. 33 

98.14 
53.18 
37.17 

160. 36 
96.19 
56.45 
43.32 

94.66 
68.99 
39.98 
30.12 

92.14 

67.38 
40.37 
28.59 

103. 15 
75.49 
38.96 
32.71 

65.22 
42.66 
27.63 
20.28 

59.83 
41.19 
27.91 
19.15 

75.95 
46.84 
27.04 
21.86 

140. 62 
53.20 
38.09 
38.90 

141.35 
47.97 
37.38 
40.37 

138.83 
69.34 
40.71 
37.06 

98.63 
80.78 
51.50 
38.26 

96.48 
77.35 
48.53 
34.95 

104.68 
94.12 
61.59 
45.02 


135, 073, 000 

89, 010, 000 
73, 917, 000 

90, 071, 000 


10.13 
4.61 
3.97 

4.78 


6.9 

4.7 
7.4 
12.2 


Free from debt 


(NA) 
-428 
41, 705 


(NA) 
-0.2 
21.1 


























Mortgaged 


(NA) 

1,524 
-32, 569 


(NA) 

3.2 
-40.3 


185, 073, 000 

89, 010, 000 
73,917,000 

90, 071, 000 

72, 511, 000 
41,128,000 
37, 590, 000 
45, 948, 000 


39.76 
24.47 
18.69 
15.29 

6.53 
3.46 
3.41 

4.09 


24.8 
25.4 
33.1 
35.3 


South Carolina 
All farms. 


-15, 176 
-8, 381 
10, 187 


-10.9 

-5.7 
7.4 


6.9 
5.0 
8.5 
13.6 


Free from debt -- 


(NA) 
-3, 054 
18, 087 


(NA) 
-2.7 
18.7 


























Mortgaged 


(NA) 
-5, 327 
-7,900 


(NA) 

-16.2 

-19.4 


72, 511, 000 
41,128,000 
37, 590, 000 
45, 948, 000 

155, 262, 000 
84, 072, 000 
66, 344, 000 
82, 037, 000 


28.51 
17.45 
12.33 
11.04 

6.44 
3.26 
2.80 
3.46 


27.6 
23.1 
31.7 
33.8 


Georgia 
All farms 


-32, 726 

-27,706 

9,864 


-16.5 
-12.3 

4.6 


9.9 
7.7 
10.1 
17.1 


Free from debt 


(NA) 
-22, 512 
26, 536 


(NA) 

-13.4 

18.7 




























(NA) 
-5, 194 
-16, 672 


(NA) 
-9.1 
-22. 5 


155, 282, 000 
84, 072, 000 
66, 344. 000 
S2, 037, 000 

151, 768. 000 
65. 795, 000 
30, 313, 000 
38, 101, 000 


19.27 
12.56 
8.80 
S.29 

8.36 
3.98 
2.32 

4.67 


25.4 
26.8 
32.6 
37.9 


Florida 
All farms --- 


569 
-4.23S 
-1, 089 


1.0 
-6.9 
-1.7 


5.9 
7.5 
6.1 
11.7 


Free from debt.. 


(NA) 
-6,013 
7,441 


(NA) 

-12.2 

17.8 


























Mortgaged.. 


(NA) 

1,775 
-8, 530 


(NA) 

15.0 
-41.8 


151, 768, 000 
65, 795, 000 
30, 313, 000 
38, 101, 000 

151, 019, 000 
102, 902, 000 
81, 579, 000 
109, 253, 000 


28.89 
16.20 
10.84 
10.34 

8.35 
5.29 
4.14 
5.38 


20.8 
23.4 
26.6 
27.9 


EAST SOUTH CENT 
Kentucky 
All farms .— 


100.0 
100.0 
100.0 

ioo.o 

(NA) 
80.9 
81.3 
73.4 

(NA) 
19.1 
18.7 
26.6 


-25, 030 
-20, 025 
-14, 393 


-11.5 

-8.4 
-5.7 


8.5 
6.6 
8.0 
14.1 


Free from debt 


(NA) 
-17.029 
8,281 


(NA) 

-8.8 

4.5 


























Mortgaged- 


(NA) 
-2, 990 
-22, 674 


(NA) 
-6.7 
-33.6 


151,019,000 
102, 902, 000 
81,579,000 
109, 253, 000 


31.88 
25.95 
18.18 
16.37 


30.5 
27.6 
29.5 
36.4 



NA Not available. 



FARM-MORTGAGE DEBT 



61 



Table 5. — Acreace, Value, and Amount of Mortgage Debt for All Farms, by Mortgage Status, by Divisions and States: 

1940-56—Continued 

[For 1956 and 1950, no data are included for the District of Columbia; for 1945 and 1940, District of Columbia data arc included with Maryland) 



Area and mortgage status 



Percent 

distribu- 
tion 



Increase or decrease 
(— )from preceding 
Census 



Number Percent 



Land in farms 



Percent 

distribu- 
tion 



Value of land and buildings 



Percent 
distribu- 
tion 



A verage 

per ncre 
('loll jrsj 



Amount of mortgago debt 



A verage 
per acre 
(dollars) 



Ratio 
to value 
(per- 
cent) 



EAST SOUTH CENTRAL— 
Continued 


Tennessee 










1950- 
1945.. 
1940.. 


Free from debt 


...1956- 

1950- 
1945- 
1940- 


Mortgaged 


...1956- 
1950- 
1946- 

1940- 


Alabama 










1950- 
1945- 
1940- 


Free from debt . 


1956- 
1950- 
1945.. 
1940- 


Mortgaged 


...1956- 
1950- 
1945- 
1940.. 


Mississippi 










1950- 
1945- 
1940- 


Free from debt 


1956- 
1950- 
1945- 
1940- 


Mortgaged,- 


...1956- 
1950- 
1945- 
1940- 


WEST SOUTH CENTRAL 


Arkansas 




All farms 


—1956- 
1950.. 
1945.. 
1940- 


Free from debt 


1956- 
1950- 
1945- 
1940.. 


Mortgaged ___ 


1956- 
1950- 
1945- 
1940.. 


Louisiana 






1950- 
1945- 
1940.. 


Free from debt 


1956.. 
1950- 
1945- 
1940- 


Mortgaged 


1956.. 
1950- 
1945- 
1940- 



:n::.:i'G 
231,631 
234. 131 
247,617 

(NA) 
188,091 

191. 489 
172, 999 

(NA) 
46. 540 
42. 942 
74, 618 



17(1,94(1 
211.512 

2'.>3, y.'i 

231,746 

(NA) 

161, 299 

162, 950 
134, 542 

(NA) 
50, 213 
60,419 
97, 204 



215. SK7 
251,383 
21,3. MS 
291, 092 

(NA) 

187, 650 
189,011 
155, 949 

(NA) 
63.733 
74. 484 

135. 113 



115. 2! i2 
182. 429 
198. 769 
216, 674 

(NA) 

142, 276 
151, 260 

143, 758 

(NA) 
40, 153 
47, 509 
72. 916 



111.240 
124,181 

121'. 295 
150, 007 

(NA) 
101, 160 
100. 423 
98,164 

(NA) 
23.021 
28.872 
51,843 



100. 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 

(NA) 
79.9 
81.7 
69.9 

(NA) 
211.1 
18.3 
30.1 



100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 

(NA) 
76.3 
73.0 
58.1 



100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 

(NA) 
74.6 
71.7 
53.6 

(NA) 
25.4 
28.3 
46.4 



100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 

(NA) 
78.0 
76.1 



100. 
100.0 
100.0 

ion. o 



(NA) 
18.5 
22.3 
34.6 



-98. 246 
-2,800 
-13, 186 



(NA) 
-6, 398 
18, 490 



(NA) 

3,598 
-31,676 



-34, 563 
-11,857 
-8, 377 



(NA) 
-1,651 

28, 40S 



(NA) 
-10,206 
-36, 785 



- 35, 496 
-12.145 
-27, 564 



(NA) 
-1,394 
33, 095 



(NA) 
-10. 751 
-60, 659 



-37. 137 
-16,340 
-17,905 



(NA) 
-8. 984 
7.502 



(NA) 
-7,356 
-25, 407 



-12.941 
-5, 114 
-20, 712 



(NA) 
-6, 851 
-22.971 



(NA) 

8.4 
-42.5 



-16.3 
-5.3 
-3.6 



(NA) 
-1.0 
21.1 



(NA) 
-16.9 
-37.8 



(NA) 
-0.7 
21.2 



(NA) 
-14.4 
-44.9 



(NA) 
-15.5 
-34.8 



-10.4 
-4.0 
-13.8 



(NA) 
-20.3 
-44.3 



13, 695, I1S2 
14,761,900 
13, 756, 197 
11,861,631 

3,981,844 

3, 772, 500 

4, 032, S00 
6, 631, 267 



20,831,423 
20, 888, 800 
19, 067, 844 
19, 143, 391 

14, 989, 506 
15, 450, 500 
12, 947, 644 
9, 823, 774 

5, 841, 917 
5, 438, 300 
6, 120, 200 
9,319,617 



20, 710, 800 
19, 616, 533 
19,156,058 

13, 862, 237 
15, 225, 600 
13, 649, 933 
10, 070. 612 

6, 915. 484 
5. 485, 200 
5. 966, 000 
9, 085, 446 



18, 004, 793 
18,871,300 
17.455.900 
18, 044, 512 

11,967,566 
13, 999, 000 
12, 419, 800 
11,311,366 

6, 037, 227 
4, 872, 300 
5, 036, 100 
6, 733, 176 



11, 483, SO- 
IL 202. 300 
10, 039, 657 
9, 996, 108 

8, 662, 075 
8, 715. 900 
6, 996. 657 
6, 183, 441 

2, 821, 732 
2, 486, 400 
3, 043, 000 

3, 812, 667 



1(10. 

loo.o 

100.0 
100.0 

77.5 
79.6 
77.3 
64.1 

22.5 
20.4 
22.7 
35.9 



1110. 
100. 
100.0 
100.0 

72.0 
74.0 
67.9 
51.3 



100. 
100. 
100.0 
100. 



100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 



100. 

100.0 
100.0 
100.0 



24.6 
22.2 
30.3 
38.1 



1,767,162,000 
1,421,361,000 

870, 947, 702 
664, 474, 267 

1,209,554,000 

1.1183.6116.00(1 
6611.7211.702 
403, 814, 334 

467, 608, 000 
337, 695, 000 
210, 227, 000 
260, 659, 933 



1,308,858,000 
997, 098, 000 
559, 742, 689 
408, 782, 488 

867, 237, 000 
692, 300, 000 
371,451,689 
201, 756, 964 

441, 621, 000 
304, 798, 000 

188,291,000 
207, 025, 524 



1,075,842.000 

1, 154, 295, 000 

647,562,141 

474, 980, 062 

1,061,492,000 
784, 531, 000 
397, 193, 141 
221, 985, 134 

614,350,000 
369, 764, 000 
250, 369, 000 
253. 000, 928 



1, 516, 474, 000 

1, 130, 533, 000 

662. 770. 230 

456,848,156 

951.331.000 
795, 648, 000 
438. 564, 230 
248, 875, 842 

565,143,000 
334, 885, 000 
224, 206, 000 
207, 972, 314 



1,405,035,000 
904, 225, 000 
472, 327, 792 
353, 873, 506 

1,005,763,000 
682, 888, 000 
318,918.792 
205, 444, 253 

399, 272, 000 
221,337,000 
153,409,000 
148, 429, 253 



100.0 
100.0 
100. 
100.0 

73.5 
76.2 
75.9 



26.5 
23.8 
24.1 



100. (1 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 



69.4 
66.4 
49.4 

33.7 

30.6 
33.6 
50.6 



loo. o 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 

63.3 
68.0 
61.3 
46.7 



100.0 
100.0 
100.0 

100.0 



28. 4 
24.5 
32.5 
41.9 



117.44 
89.51 
52. 13 
39.31 



62. 83 
47.73 
29. 36 
21.35 

57.86 
44.81 
28.69 
20.54 

75.60 
56. 05 
30.77 
22. 21 



811.66 
55.73 
33. 01 
24.80 

76.57 
51.53 
29.10 
22.04 

88.84 
67.41 
41.96 

27.85 



59.91 
37.97 

25 32 



56. 84 
35.31 
22.00 

93.61 

68. 73 
44.52 
30.89 



122. 35 
80.72 
47.05 
35.40 

116. 11 
78.35 
45.58 
33.22 

141. 50 

89.02 
50.41 
38.93 



139, 032, 000 
88,015,000 
65, 433, 000 
92, 614, 000 



139,032,000 
88, 015, 000 
65, 433, 000 
92,614,000 



126,891,000 
SO, 295, 000 
66, 564, 000 
81, 859, 000 



126, 891, 000 
80, 295, 000 
66, 564, 000 
81,859,000 



183, 043, 000 
101,224,000 
83, 744, 000 
100, 368, 000 



183,043.000 
101, 224. 000 
83, 744. 000 
100, 368, 000 



150,203.000 
85, 329. 000 
63. 695. 000 
72, 513, 000 



150, 203. 000 
85, 329, 000 
63, 695, 000 
72, 513, 000 



104,317,000 
52, 195. 000 
48, 070, 000 
55, 098. 000 



104,317,000 
52,195.000 
48, 070, 000 
55,098,000 I 



7. 86 
4.75 
3.68 
5.01 



34.92 
23. 33 
16.23 
13.97 



3.84 
3.49 

1. 28 



26. 47 
18.45 
14.04 
11.05 



8.34 

J 52 
3.65 
4 02 



21. 88 
17.51 
12.65 
10.77 



36.97 
20. 99 
15.80 
14.45 



NA Not available. 



62 



FARM-MORTGAGE DEBT 



Table 5.— Acreage, Value, and Amount of Mortgage Debt for All Farms, by Mortgage Status, by Divisions and States: 

1940-56 — Continued 

[For 1956 and 1950, no data are included for the District of Columbia; for 1945 and 1940, District of Columbia data are included with Maryland] 



Are;i and mortgage status 



Percent 
distribu- 
tion 



Increase or decrease 
(— ) from preceding 
Census 



Number Percent 



Land in farms 



Percent 
distribu- 
tion 



Value of land and buildings 



Percent 
distribu- 
tion 



Amount of mortgage debt 



Average 
per acre 
(dollars) 



Ratio 
to value 
(per- 
cent) 



Free from debt -1956- 

1950. 
1945 
1940 



-1956- 
1950. 

1915. 
l-.HO 



1956.. 

1950.. 
1945- 
1940- 



Free from debt . 



1950- 
1946- 
1940- 

Mortgagcd 1956- 

1950- 
1945.. 
1940- 

MOUNTAIN 

Montana 

All farms 1956- 

1950- 
1945.. 
1940- 

Free from debt 1956- 

1950- 
1945.. 
1940- 



.1956- 

1950- 
1945- 
1940- 



All farms 1956- 

1950- 
1945- 
1940- 



Freefrom debt. 



...1956- 
1950- 
1945- 
1940- 

Mortgaged 1956— 

1950- 
1945.. 
1940- 



1950. . 
1945. . 
1940- . 

Free from debt 1956.. 

1950.. 
1945.. 
1940- . 

Mortgaged 1956-. 

1950. . 
1945-. 
1940-. 



119, 270 
142. 246 
164, 790 
179, 687 

(NA) 
102, 035 
114.403 
110,164 

(NA) 
40. 211 
50, 387 
69,523 



293, 152 
331, 667 

384, 1177 
418, 002 

(NA) 
244, 842 
283, 531 
281, 112 

(NA) 

86, 725 
101, 446 
136, S90 



32, 956 
35, 0S5 
37, 747 
41,823 

(NA) 
24, 255 
27, 203 



(NA) 
10,830 
10,544 
18. 143 



38, 810 
40,284 
41,498 
43, 663 

(NA) 
24, 539 
24,374 
20, 016 

(NA) 
15, 745 
17, 124 
23,647 



11,355 

12, 614 

13, 076 
15,018 

(NA) 
7,319 
7,231 



(NA) 
5, 295 
5,845 
7,973 



100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 



(NA) 
28.3 
30.6 



100. 
100. 
100.0 
100.0 



100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 

(NA) 
69.1 
72.1 



HID. I) 
100.0 
100. 
100.0 



100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 

(NA) 
58.0 
55.3 
46.9 

(NA) 
42.0 
44.7 
53.1 



-22, 976 
-22, 544 
-14, .897 



(NA) 
-12.368 
4,239 



(NA) 
-10,176 
-19, 136 



-38, 415 
-53,410 
-33, 025 



(NA) 
-38, 689 
2,419 



(NA) 
-14, 721 
-35, 444 



(NA) 
-29. 48 
3.523 



(NA) 

286 
-7, 599 



-1.474 
-1,214 
-2, 165 



(NA) 
-1,379 
-6, 523 



(NA) 
-20.2 
-27.5 



(NA) 
-14.5 
-25.9 



(NA) 
-10.8 
14.9 



(NA) 
-8.1 
-27.6 



-10.0 
-3.5 
-12.9 



(NA) 



35, 678. 078 
36. 006, 600 
36, 161, 822 
34,803,317 


100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 


24, 320, 561 
26. 449, 400 
23. 274, 922 
18, 886, 724 


68.2 
73.5 
64.4 
54.3 


11,357,517 
9, 557, 200 
12, 886. 900 
15, 916, 593 


31.8 
26.5 
35.6 
45.7 


146,083,441 
145, 389, 000 
141, 337, 744 
137, 683, 372 


100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 


102, 866, 790 
100, 724, 500 
91, 737, 644 
64, 782, 755 


70.4 
69.3 
64.9 
47.1 


43, 216, 651 
44, 664, 500 
49, 600, 100 
72, 900, 617 


29.6 
30.7 
35.1 
52.9 


61,463,290 
59, 247, 400 
58, 787, 318 
46, 451, 594 


100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 


43. 237, 824 
45, 663, 500 
43,010,218 
28, 049, 729 


70.3 
77.1 
73.2 
60.4 


18,225,466 
13,583,900 
15, 777, 100 
18. 401. 865 


29.7 
22.9 
26.8 
39.6 


14,275,607 
13, 224. 200 
12,503,332 
10, 297, 745 


100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 


S, 135, 284 
8, 954, 000 
7, 359, 032 
4, 560, 985 


57.0 
67.7 
58.9 
44.3 


6, 140, 323 
4, 270, 200 
5,144,300 
5, 736, 760 


43.0 
32.3 
41.1 

55.7 


35, 042, 316 
34, 420, 800 
33,116.554 
28, 025, 979 


100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 


23, 877, 455 
25,151,000 
20, 561, 154 
14,144,927 


68.1 
73.1 
62.1 
50.6 


11. 164, 861 
9, 269, 800 
12, 555, 400 
13, 881, 052 


31.9 

26.9 
37.9 
49.5 



2, 446, 870, 000 

1, 818, 586. 000 

1, 106, 153, 826 

831, 140, 748 

1, 605, 868, 000 

1, 327, 561, 000 

722. 417, 826 

427, 892, 845 

841, 002, 000 
491,035.000 
383, 736, 000 
403, 247, 903 



9, 782, 672, 000 
6, 565, 145, 000 
3, 574, 997, 897 
2, 589, 978, 936 

6, 353, 929, 000 
4.572,448,000 
2, 276, 384, 897 
1, 310, 888, 506 

3, 428, 743, 000 
1, 992, 697, 000 
1,29S,613,000 
1,279,090,430 



1,640,529,000 
994, 698, 000 
517, 890, 663 
350, 178, 461 

989, 250, 000 
722, 599, 000 
365. 231, 663 
179, 766, 141 

551,279,000 
272, 099, 000 
152,659,000 
170.412.320 



1,461,816,000 
924, 672, 000 

ff493, 331, 235 
339,194,391 

750, 442, 000 
591, 092, 000 
276.741,235 
131,655,339 

711,374,000 
333, 580. 000 
216, 590, 000 
207, 539, 052 



581.087,000 
440, 451, 000 
232, 042, 912 
158,971,294 



247, 936, 000 
159, 555, 000 
97, 749, 000 
92, 814, 982 



100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 

65.6 
73.0 
65.3 
51.5 

34.4 

27.0 
34.7 
48.5 



100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 



35.0 
30.4 
36.3 
49.4 



64.2 
72. 6 
70.5 
51.3 



100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 



48.7 
36.1 
43.9 
61.2 



100. 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 



36.2 
42.1 

58.4 



68. 58 
50.51 
30.59 
23.88 

66.03 
50.19 
31.04 
22.66 

74.05 
51.38 
29.78 
25.34 



66.97 
45.16 
25.29 
18.81 

61.77 
45.40 
24.81 
20.24 

79.34 
44.61 
26. 18 
17. 55 



25. 06 
16.79 
8.81 
7.54 



30. 25 
20, 03 
9.68 
9.26 



102.40 
69.92 
39.46 
32.94 

92.25 
66.01 
37.61 
28.87 

115.85 
78.12 
42.10 
36.18 



13.95 
11.17 
6.53 



22.21 
17.21 
7.79 



204, 174, 000 
116,917,000 
116,780.000 
153, 679, 000 



204. 174, 000 
116.917.000 
116, 780, 000 
153, 679, 000 



679, 374. 000 
400, 554, 000 
323, 358. 000 
431, 746, 000 



679, 374, 000 
400, 554, 000 
323, 358, 000 
431, 746, 000 



132, 642, 000 
62, 449, 000 
41, 684, 000 
66, 118, 000 



132, 542, 000 
62, 449. 000 
41, 684, 000 
66. 118. 000 



174,326.000 
79, 299, 000 
58, 494, 000 
78, 763, 000 



174,326,000 
79, 299. 000 
58, 494, 000 
78, 763, 000 



64, 857, 000 
35, 852, 000 
24, 951, 000 
34, 009, 000 



64, 857, 000 
35, 852, 000 
24,951,000 
34, 009, 000 



5.72 
3.25 
3.23 
4.42 



15.72 
8.97 
6.52 
5.92 



2.16 
1.05 
0.71 
1.42 



12.21 
6.00 
4.68 
7.65 



28.39 
18.57 
11.37 
13.73 



1.85 
1.04 
0.75 
1.21 



NA Not available. 



FARM-MORTGAGE DEBT 



63 



Table 5. — Acreage, Value, and Amount of Mortgage Debt for All Farms, by Mortgage Status, by Divisions and States : 

1940-56— Continued 

[For 1958 and 1050, no data arc included for the District of Columbia; for 1845 and HMO, District of Columbia data are Included with Maryland) 



Area and mortgage status 



MOUNTAIN— Continued 

Colorado 

All farms 1950- . 

1950.. 
1945. . 
1940- 

Free from debt 1956.. 

1950- 
1945- 
1940. . 

Mortgaged 1956.. 

1950.. 
1945. . 
1940.. 



All farms .1956. 

1950- 
1945- 
1940- 

Free from debt. 1956. 

1950. 
1945- 
1940- 

Mortgaged 1956. 

1950. 
1945. 
1940- 



All farms 1956. 

1950. 
1945. 
1940. 

Free from debt 1956. 

1950. 
1945- 
1940. 

Mortgaged 1956. 

1950. 
1945. 
1940. 



All farms 1956.. 

1950- 
1945- 
1940- 

Free from debt 1956— 

1950- 
1945- 
1940- 

Mortgaged 1956— 

1950- 
1945- 
1940- 



1950- 
1945- 
1940.. 

Free from debt 1956- 

1950.. 
1945- 
1940- 

Mortgaged ...1956- 

1950- 
1945- 
1940- 

NA Not available. 



Land In farms 



(NA) 
28,049 
31,261 
28,618 



20. 977 
23.599 
29, 695 
34, 105 

(NA) 
10, 665 
24, 404 
25,171 

(NA) 
6,934 
5,291 
8,934 



9,285 
10, «2 
13,142 
18, 468 



(NA) 
3,922 
3,731 
4,551 



23,008 
24,176 
28,322 
25,411 

(NA) 

15, 409 
17, 688 
12,736 

(NA) 
8,767 
8,634 
12,675 



2, 80S 
3,110 
3,429 
3,573 



Percent 
distribu- 
tion 



100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 

(NA) 
61.5 
65.6 
55.6 



Increase or decrease 
(— ) from preceding I 
Census Acres 



100. II 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 



100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 

(NA) 
62.3 
71.6 



(NA) 
37.7 
28.4 



100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100. 



(NA) 
36.3 
32.8 
49.9 



100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 



(NA) 
32.2 
27.2 
37.8 



-1,900 
-2,040 
-3,818 



(NA) 
-3,212 
2,643 



(NA) 

1,172 
-0, 461 



-2,022 
-0, 096 
-4,410 



(NA) 
-7, 739 
-767 



(NA) 

1,643 
-3. 643 



(NA) 
-2, 921 
-4, 506 



(NA) 
-2,279 
4, 952 



(NA) 

133 
-4,041 



-11.1 
-20.1 
-12.9 



(NA) 
-31.7 
-3.0 



(NA) 

31.1 
-40.8 



-10.8 
-20.8 
-28.8 



(NA) 
-31.0 
-32.4 



(NA) 

5.1 
-18.0 



(NA) 
-15.6 
12.2 



IVnvhl 

distribu- 
tion 



38, 468, 979 
37, 953, 100 
36, 217, T" 
31,527, 

24, 933, 192 
26. 373, 000 
23, 734, 808 
18, 340, 407 

13, 535, 787 
11.580,100 
12, 483, 000 
13, 180, 833 



39. 713, 991 
37, 723. 300 
36, 854. 445 
27,381,948 

9, 740, SSI 
9, 798, 500 
12.754,000 
11,478,479 



41,705,377 
39, 916, 500 
37, 856, 370 
25, 651, 092 

36, 979, 764 
36, 598, 200 
34, 760, 271 
23, 006, 937 

4, 725, 613 
3, 318, 300 
3, 096, 
2,644.155 



12, 353, 578 
10, 885. 200 
10. 309, 107 
7, 302, 007 



8,281.300 
7, 072, 107 
3, 556, 948 

3. 683, 841 

2, 583, 900 

3, 237. 000 
3. 745, 059 



6, 224, 873 

7, 063. 500 
6, 178, 004 

3, 785, 106 

5, 611, 286 
5, 451, 200 

4, 837, 604 
1, 890, 038 

2. 613, 587 
1, 612. 300 
1,340,400 
1, 895, 068 



1110.11 
100.0 
100.0 

100. 



35.2 

30.5 
34.5 
41.8 



100. 
100. 
100. 
100.0 

80.3 

79.4 
74.3 
70.5 

19.7 
20.6 
25.7 
29.5 



100. 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 



91.7 
91.8 
89.7 



100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100. 



100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 



Value of land and buildings 



Amount of mortgage debt 



Percent 
distribu- 
tion 



1,653,556,000 

1, 217, 280, 000 

504, 503, 888 

388, 343, 847 

909, 078. 000 
792. 398, 000 

367,090,8X8 
200, 245, 402 

083, 878, 000 
424, 888, 000 
197, 413, 000 

1X8,098,385 



1.170.101,000 
682, 272, 000 
326. 750, 718 
1S7,525,814 

78S, 8S4, 000 
467, 727, 000 
224, 074, 718 
97, 347, 324 

387, 277, 000 
214, 545, 000 
102, 070, 000 
90,178,490 



1,088,338.1 
000, 723, 000 
287, 876, 225 
153,076,675 

768,317,000 
445, 377, 000 
209, 152, 225 
76, 192, 694 

320,021,000 
155,346,000 
78, 724, 000 
77, 483, 981 



604, 430, 000 
477, 432, 000 
261, 817, 649 
154, 358, 365 

339, 578, 000 
302, 866, 000 
168, 942, 649 
63, 106, 529 

264, 852, 000 
174, 566, 000 
92, 875, 000 
91,251,836 



133, 853, 000 
88, 840, (100 
51, 347, 968 
21, 939, 429 

94, 554, 000 
44, 639, 000 
20, 608, 000 
25, 654, 955 



Average 
per acre 
(dollars) 



100.0 
100. 
100.0 
100.0 

58.6 
65.1 
65.0 
51.6 



100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 

67.1 
68.6 
68.6 
51.9 



100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 



25.9 
27.3 
50.4 



100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 

56.2 
63.4 
64.5 
40.9 

43.8 
36.6 
35.5 
59.1 



100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 



42.98 
32.07 
15. 59 
12.32 

38.89 
30.05 
15. 47 
10.92 



36. 69 
15.81 
14.26 



14.36 
6.59 
4.83 

19.86 
12.40 
6.08 
3.56 



26. 10 
15.05 
7.60 



20.78 
12.17 
6.02 
3.31 

67.72 
46.81 
25.43 



48.93 
43.94 
25.40 
21.14 

39.17 
36.57 
23.89 
17.74 

71.90 

67.56 
28. 69 
24.37 



27.77 
18.90 
11.65 
12.57 

23.85 
16.30 
10.61 
11.42 



Average 
per acre 

(dollars) 



Ratio 
to value 
(per- 
cent) 



182, 606, 000 
105.209,000 
58, 004, 000 
75, 005, 000 



182, 000, 000 
105, 209, 000 
58, 064. 000 
75, 005, 000 



89, 848, 000 
47. 699, 000 
24, 924. 000 
27, 499, 000 



89,818,000 
47, 699, 000 
24, 924, 000 
27, 499, 000 



70,179,000 
38,751,000 
22, 334, 000 
28, 933, 000 



70,179,000 
38.751,000 
22, 334, 000 
28, 933, 000 



70, 258, 000 
42, 312, 000 
25, 720. 000 
36, 650, 000 



70, 258, 000 
42, 312, 000 
25, 720, 000 
36, 650, 000 



23. 604. 000 
12,931,000 
6, 120, 000 
10,213,000 



23. 664, 000 
12,931,000 
6, 120, 000 
10. 213, 000 



2.77 
1.60 
2.38 



1.82 

1.00 
0.50 
0.71 



0.97 
0.59 
1.13 



14.85 
11.68 
6.84 
10.94 



1.83 
0.99 
2.70 



64 



FARM-MORTGAGE DEBT 



Table 5. — Acreage, Value, and Amount of Mortgage Debt for All Farms, by Mortgage Status, by Divisions and States 

1940-56— Continued 

[For 1956 and 1950, no data are included for the District of Columbia; for 1945 and 1940, District of Columbia data are included with Maryland] 





atus 


Farms 


Land in farms 


Value of land and buildings 


Amount of mortgage debt 


Area and mortgage st 


Number 


Percent 
distribu- 
tion 


Increase or 
(-) from 
Census 


decrease 
preceding 


Acres 


Percent 
distribu- 
tion 


Dollars 


Percent 
distribu- 
tion 


Average 
per acre 
(dollars) 


Dollars 


Average 
per acre 
(dollars) 


Ratio 
o value 




Number 


Percent 


cent) 


PACIFIC 
Washington 


1950- 
1945- 
1940- 

1956.. 
1950- . 
1945-. 
1940- 

1956- 
1950- - 
1945.. 
1940-- 

1956- 
1950- 
1945. . 
1940- 

1956.. 
1950- - 
1945 .. 
1940- 

1956- 
1950- 
1945- 
1940- 

.-1956- 
1950- 
1945- 
1940- 

1956.. 
1950 -. 
1945. . 
1940. - 

—1956- 

1950 . . 
1945.. 
1940- 


65, 135 
69, 820 
79,887 
81,686 

(NA) 
46, 009 
56, 953 
44,036 

(NA) 
23, 811 
22, 934 
37, 650 

54,442 
59, 827 
63, 125 
61, 829 

(NA) 
37,680 
42,316 
32, 113 

(NA) 
22,147 
20. 809 
29, 716 

123, 002 
137, 168 
138, 917 
132, 658 

(NA) 
84,960 
83, 552 
67, 352 

(NA) 
52, 208 
55, 365 
65, 306 


100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 

(NA) 
65.9 
71.3 

53.9 

(NA) 
34.1 
28.7 
46.1 

100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 

(NA) 
63.0 
67.0 
81.9 

(NA) 
37.0 
33.0 

48.1 

100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 

(NA) 
61.9 
60.1 
50.8 

(NA) 
38.1 
39.9 


-4,685 
-10,067 
— 1, 799 


-6.7 
-12.6 
-2.2 


17, C48. 086 
17, 369, 200 

16, 719, 870 
15,181,815 

12, 778. 825 
13,351,400 
12, 110. 970 
8, 390, 421 

4, 869, 261 
4, 017, 800 
4, 608, 900 

6, 791, 394 

21, 065, 724 
20, 327, 800 
19, 754, 257 

17, 988, 307 

12,112.527 
13, 180. 100 
11, 336, 557 
8, 025, 645 

8, 953. 197 

7, 147, 700 

8, 417. 700 

9, 962, 662 

37, 784. 143 
36, 613, 200 
35. 054. 379 
30, 524, 324 

26, 002, 628 
27, 188, 800 
21,464,379 
15, 974, 898 

11, 721. 515 

9, 424, 400 
13, 590, 000 
14, 549, 426 


100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 

72.4 
76.9 
72.4 
55.3 

27.0 
23.1 
27.6 
44.7 

100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 

57.5 
64.8 
57.4 
44.6 

42.5 
35.2 
42.6 

55.4 

100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 

69.0 
74.3 
61.2 

52.3 

31.0 
25.7 
38.8 
47.7 


2, 188, 948, 000 

1, 495, 135, 000 

900, 184. 222 

593, 366, 445 

1, 439, 575, 000 

1, 036. 423, 000 

638, 829, 222 

299, OSS, 550 

749, 373, 000 
458, 713, 000 
261,355,000 
294, 277, 895 

1, 705, 449. 000 

1, 244, 258. 000 

697, 775, 183 

476, 817, 354 

1, 029. 6H 000 
812. 20), 000 
443, 861, 1S3 
227, 414, 401 

735, 785, 000 
432, 049, 000 
253. 914, 000 
249, 402, 953 

9, 503, 349, 000 
5. 8i7, 721, 000 
3. 484, 548, 812 
2, 166, 452, 648 

5, 965, 535. 000 
3, 895, 296, 000 
2,153,371,812 
1, 027, 078, 258 

3, 537, 814, 000 
1, 942, 425, 000 
1,331,177,000 
1, 139, 374, 390 


100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 

65.8 
69.3 
71.0 
50.4 

34.2 
30.7 
29.0 
49.6 

100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 

58.3 
65.3 
63.6 

47.7 

41.7 
34.7 
36.4 
52.3 

100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 

62.8 
66.7 
61.8 
47.4 

37.2 
33.3 
38.2 
52.6 


124. 03 
86.08 
53. 84 
39.08 

112. 65 
77.63 
52.75 
35.65 

153. 90 
114. 17 
56.71 
43.33 

83.81 
61.21 
35.32 
26.51 

85.01 
61.62 
39.15 
28.34 

82.18 
60. 45 
30.16 
25.03 

251. 52 
15'J. 44 
99.40 
70.97 

229. 21 
143. 27 
100. 32 
64.29 

301. 82 
206. 11 
97.95 
78.31 


205, 796. 090 
123, 010. 000 
73. 995. 000 
106, 857, 000 


11.66 
7.08 
4.43 
7.04 


9.4 
8.2 
8.2 
18.0 


Free from debt 


(NA) 
-10,944 
12, 917 


(NA) 
-19.2 
29.3 


























Mortgaged.-- 


(NA) 

877 
-14, 716 


(NA) 

3.8 
-39. 1 


205, 796. 000 
123, 010, 000 
73, 995, 000 
106, 857, 000 

202. 358, 000 
114, 531, 000 
69, 218, 000 
90, 421, 000 


42.26 
30.62 
16.05 
15.73 

9.61 
5.63 
3.50 
5.03 


27.5 
26.8 
28.3 
36.3 


Oregon 
AU farms 


-5,385 

-3, 298 

1,296 


-9.0 

-5.2 

2.1 


11.5 
9.2 
9.9 

19.0 


Froe from debt 


(NA) 
-4, 636 
10, 203 


(NA) 
-11.0 
31.8 


























Mortgaged 


(NA) 

1,338 
-8,907 


(NA) 

6.4 
-30.0 


202, 358, 000 
114, 531, 000 
69, 218, 000 
90, 421, 000 

789, 670, 000 
460, 860, 000 
318, 845, 000 
407, 585, 000 


22.60 
16.02 
8.22 
9.08 

20.90 
12.59 
9.10 
13.35 


27.5 
26.5 
27.3 
36.3 


California 
All farms _. 


-14,160 

-1,749 

6,259 


-10.3 
-1.3 

4.7 


8.3 

7.9 
9.2 
18.8 


Free from debt 


(NA) 
1,408 
16, 200 


(NA) 
1.7 
24.1 


























Mortgaged 


(NA) 
-3, 157 
-9, 941 


(NA) 
-5.7 
-15.2 


789, 670, 000 
460, 860, 000 
318, 845, 000 
407, 585, 000 


67.37 
48. 90 
23.46 
28.01 


22.3 
25,3 
24.0 
35. 8 













NA Not available. 



FARM-MORTGAGE DEBT 65 

Table 6. — Interest Charges on Mortgage Debt by Tenure of Operator, for the United States: 1930-56 





Interest charges 


Year 


All farms 


Farms operated by full 
owners 


Farms operated by part 

owners (owned portion 

only) 


Farms operated by 
tenants ' and managers 




Dollars 


Average 
rate (per- 
cent) 


Dollars 


Average 
rate (per- 
cent) 


Dollars 


A\i'i:r: ■ 
rate (per- 
cent) 


1 iollar 


A veragft 
rate (per- 
cent) 




425, 385, 000 
250. 148. 000 
222, 846, 000 

300, 418, 000 
414, 890, 000 
577, 200, 000 


4.7 
4.5 
4.5 

5 4. C 
5.5 
0.0 


224, 789, 000 
141,203,000 
(NA) 

(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 


4.8 
4 5 
(NA) 

'4.9 
(NA) 
(NA) 


106. 972, 000 
52, 093, 000 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 


4.6 
4.4 

(NA) 

2 4.9 
(NA) 
(NA) 


93, 624, 000 
66, 852, 000 
(NA) 

(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 










(NA) 




(NA) 




(NA) 




(NA) 







NA Not available. 

1 Includes rented portion of farms operated by part owners. 

* The Interest rates shown for 1940 for full owners and for part owners are not comparable v.iili those for all farms. The figures shown (or full owners and part owners represent 
rates on firs; mortgages only and are contract rates which do not reflect the temporarily reduced rates of Federal land banks and of the Federal Farm Mortgage Corporation. 

Table 7- — Interest Charges on Mortgage Debt, by Tenure of Operator, by Divisions and States: 1956 and 1950 



Division and State 



GEOGRAPHIC DIVISION'S 



New England 1956. 

Middle Atlantic 1956. 

1950. 
East North Central 1956. 

1950 

West North Central..- _ 1956 

1950. 

South Atlantic- 1956. 

1950. 

East South Central. 1956. 

1950. 

West South Central... 1956 

1950 

Mountain 1956 

1950. 

Pacific... 1956 

1950 

NEW ENGLAND 

Maine 1956 

1950 
New Hampshire 1956 

Vermont.. 1956 

1950 

Massachusetts 1956 

1950 

Rhode Island 1956 

1950 

Connecticut 1956 

1950 



MIDDLE ATLANTIC 



New York . 



1956 

New Jersey 1956 

1950 

Pennsylvania 1956 

1950 



EAST NORTH CENTRAL 



.195 



Ohio 

1950- 
Indiana 1956, 

Illinois... 1956 

1950. 

Michigan 1956 

1950. 

Wisconsin 1956 

1950. 
' Includes rented portion of farms operated by part owners. 



Interest charges 



9,129.000 
6, 681, 000 
24, 941, 000 
17,156,000 
73, 265. 000 
49, 336, 000 

94, 745, 000 
56, 423. 000 
42, 578. 000 
21, 310, 000 
29, 086, 000 

18, 027, 000 

53, 531, 000 
29,175.000 
38. 698, 000 

19, 606, 000 
58, 812, 000 
32, 434, 000 



1,441.000 
1. 027, 000 

1. 048. 000 
730, 000 

2, 023, 000 
1.469,000 

2, 314, 000 

1,833,000 
301. 000 
197. 000 

2, 0112, 1 UK I 
1,425,000 



11.208,000 
7, 725, 000 
4, 008. 000 
2, 558, 000 
9, 725, 000 
6. 873, 000 



1.5,685,000 
10,549,000 

14, 351, 000 
8,811,000 

16, 199, 000 
11,195,000 

11,292,000 
7. 277, 000 

15, 738, 000 
11, 504, 000 



Average 

rate (per 

cent) 



6. 480, 000 
5, 289, 000 
16,652,000 
12,798,000 
39, 425, 000 
29, 304, 000 

42, 868. 000 
27, 562, 000 
26. 024. 000 
13, 418, 000 
16. 870. 000 
9, 915, 000 



10. 077, 000 
37,155,000 
20. 108, 000 



1, 208,000 

847, 000 

721,000 

615, 000 

1, 313. 000 

1, 149, 000 

1, 664. 000 
1, 534. 000 
204, 000 
141,000 
1,370,000 
1.003,01)0 



7. 270, 000 
5,805,0011 
3, 027, 000 
1.947,000 
6, 355,000 

5,046,000 



9, 383. 000 
6. 618, 000 
7,041.000 
4, 697, 000 
6. 072, 000 

4, 578, 000 

6, 608, 000 

5, 108, 000 
10, 321, 000 

8, 303, 000 



Average 

rate (per 

cent) 



Farms operated by part 

owners (owmed portion 

only) 



2, 082, 000 
1,033,000 

5, 362, 000 

2, 736, 000 
16, 450, 000 

8, 693, 000 

26. 412. 000 
14. 207. 000 
8, 585, 000 

3, 123, 000 

6, 919, 000 
2, 892, 000 

14, 459, 000 

7, 230, 000 
14, 344, 000 

6, 219, 000 
12, 359, 000 
5, 960. 000 



108. 000 
136, 000 
266,000 
S3.0C0 
577, 000 
254,000 

433, 000 

235.1100 
90,000 
42, 000 
518, 000 
283,000 



2,713.000 
1. 358, 000 
061,000 
353, 000 
1, 9X8. 000 
1.025,000 



3, 097, 000 

1, 82S. 000 
3, 421, 000 
1,768,000 
3, 991, 000 

2, 106, 000 

3, 068, 000 

1, 543, 000 

2, 873, 000 
1, 448, 000 



A verage 

rate (per 

cent) 



Farms operated by 
tenants ' and managers 



567. 000 
359. 000 
2, 927. 000 
1, 622, 000 
17,390.000 
11, 339, 000 



4, 769, 000 

5, 897, 000 

5, 220, 000 

16, 945, 000 
9,213,000 
7, 166, 000 
3. 310. 000 
9. 298. 000 

6. 366, 000 



35. 000 
44,000 
61, 000 

32, 000 

133, I 

66,000 

217, 000 
64,000 
7,000 
14,000 
114.000 
130,000 



1,225,000 
562, 000 
320, 000 
258, 000 

1,382,000 
802,000 



3. 205, 000 
2, 103. 000 
3,889,1100 
2, 346, 000 
6.136.000 
4,511,000 

1, 616, 000 

626, 000 

2,544,000 

1,753,000 



Average 
rate (per- 
cent) 



66 FARM-MORTGAGE DEBT 

Table 7. — Interest Charges on Mortgage Debt, by Tenure of Operator, by Divisions and States: 1956 and 1950 — Continued 







Interest charges 








Farms operated by full 


Farms operated by part 


Farms operated by 






All farms 


owners 


owners (owned portion 


tenants ' and managers 


Division and 


State 










only) 












Average 




Average 




Average 




Average 






Dollars 


rate (per- 


Dollars 


rate (per- 


Dollars 


rate (per- 


Dollars 


rate (per- 








cent) 




cent) 




cent) 




cent) 


WEST NORTH CENTRAL 


















Minnesota 


1956- 


19, 505, 000 


4.3 


10, 959, 000 


4.4 


4, 608, 000 


4.2 


3, 933, 000 


4.2 




1950. . 


11, 722, 000 


4.2 


7, 069, 000 


4.3 


2, 409. 000 


4.1 


2, 244, 000 


4.2 


Iowa 


.1956- 


28, 123, 000 
17, 632, 000 


4.2 

4.1 


13, 335. 000 
8, 688, 000 


4.2 

4.1 


5, 122, 000 
2, 887, 000 


4.2 
4.0 


9, 666, 000 
6, 057, 000 


4.2 




1950- 


4.1 




1956.. 


13, 806, 000 
7, 667, 000 


4.8 
4.6 


7, 327. 000 
4, 498, 000 


4.9 
4.6 


3, 330, 000 
1, 688, 000 


4.7 
4.5 


3, 149, 000 
1, 481, 000 


4.8 




1950.. 


4.6 


North Dakota 


1956.. 


4. 931, 000 


4.5 


1, 915, 000 


4.4 


2,113,000 


4.5 


903. 000 


4.6 




1950. 


2, 954, 000 


4.3 


1, 252, 000 


4.3 


1, 053, 000 


4.2 


649. 000 


4.4 


South Dakota 


..1956- 


5, 904, 000 


4.3 


1. 858, 000 


4.3 


2. 784, 000 


4.3 


1, 262, 000 


4.4 




1950- 


3, 683, 000 


4.2 


1,241,000 


4.1 


1, 632, 000 


4.3 


810, 000 


4.2 


Nebraska 


1956— 


11, 410, 000 


4.3 


3, 956, 000 


4.3 


3, 836, 000 


4 3 


3, 618, 000 


4.3 




1950. . 


6, 540. 000 


4.1 


2, 571, 000 


4.1 


2, 072, 000 


4.2 


1. 897, 000 


4.1 


Kansas 


-1956— 


11,066,000 


4.5 


3, 518. 000 


4 6 


4, 619, 000 


4.4 


2, 929, 000 


4.6 




1950.. 


6, 225, 000 


4.3 


2, 243, 000 


4.4 


2, 466, 000 


4.2 


1, 516, 000 


4 3 


SOUTH ATLANTIC 


















Delaware 


1956.. 


654, 000 


5.0 


401, 000 


4.9 


159,000 


5.0 


94. 000 


5.1 




1950 -. 


460, 000 


4.8 


315, 000 


4.8 


87, 000 


4.8 


58.000 


4.6 


Maryland 


1956 


3, 997, 000 


4.9 


2, 542, 000 


4.9 


664, 000 


4.8 


791, 000 


4.9 


1950. . 


2, 495, 000 


4.7 


1, 714, 000 


4.7 


305, 000 


4.5 


476, 000 


4.7 


Virginia - . - 


1956 


6, 853, 000 


4.9 


4, 368. 000 


4.9 


1,470.000 


5.0 


1,015.000 


5.0 


1950- . 


3, 465, 000 


4.6 


2, 514, 000 


4.7 


497, 000 


4.6 


454, 000 


4.4 


West Virginia _ . _ _ 


1956.. 


1, 488. 000 


5.1 


1, 172, 000 


5.2 


224, 000 


4.7 


92.000 


5.2 


1950 


1,205,000 


4.9 


971, 000 


4.9 


106, 000 


4.9 


128, 000 


4.7 


North Carolina 


1956.. 


9, 768, 000 


5.3 


4,789,000 


5.3 


2, 124, 000 


5.2 


2, 855. 000 


5.3 




1950 


4, 434, 000 


5.0 


2,391,000 


5.0 


771,000 


5.0 


1,272.000 


5.0 


South Carolina 


1956.. 


3, 667, 000 


5.1 


2, 065. 000 


5.1 


845, 000 


5.1 


757. 000 


4.9 




1950 


1, 991. 000 


4.8 


1. 271, 000 


4.9 


362, 000 


4.6 


358, 000 


4.8 


Georgia . 


—1956.. 


8,325,000 


5.4 


4, 909, 000 


5.3 


1,834,000 


5.5 


1,582.000 


5.4 


1950. . 


4.122,000 


4.9 


2, 438. 000 


4.7 


597,000 


5.1 


1,087.000 


6.3 


Florida 


1956- 


7, 826. 000 


5.2 


5, 778. 000 


5.1 


1.265.000 


5.4 


783,000 


5.2 




1950- 


3, 138, 000 


48 


1, 804, 000 


49 


398, 000 


5.1 


936,000 


4.4 


EAST SOUTH CENTRAL 






















7, 578, 000 


5.0 


4, 522, 000 


5.1 


1, 443, 000 


4.9 


1,613.000 


49 


1950.. 


4. 973, 000 


4.8 


3, 264, 000 


4.8 


794,000 


5.1 


915. 000 


48 




. 1956.. 


7, 071, 000 
4, 399, 000 


5.1 
5.0 


4, 415. 000 
2, 454, 000 


5.1 

5.0 


1,687,000 
757,000 


5.1 
5.3 


969, 000 
1, 188. 000 


5.0 




1950.. 


4.8 


Alabama 


1956 - 


6, 298, 000 


5.0 


3, 640, 000 


5.0 


1, 532, 000 


5.0 


1,126.000 


4.8 




1950.. 


4, 029, 000 


5.0 


2, 030, 000 


5.0 


771, 000 


5.2 


1, 228. ono 


4.9 






8. 739, 000 


4.8 


4, 293, 000 


4.8 


2, 257, 000 


48 


2, 189. 000 


47 


1950.. 


4, 626, 000 


4.6 


2, 167, 000 


4.6 


570, 000 


46 


1, 889, 000 


4.6 


WEST SOUTH CENTRAL 


















Arkansas 


1956- 


7, 799, 000 


5.2 


3, 259, 000 


5.6 


1,587,000 


5.0 


2, 953. 000 


4.9 




1950 


3, 919, 000 


4.6 


1, 772, 000 


49 


576, 000 


4.6 


1,571,000 


4.3 


Louisiana 


_ 1956- 


5, 213, 000 


5.0 


2, 705, 000 


5.1 


1. 193, 000 


5.1 


1, 255, 000 


4.7 




1950- 


2, 428, 000 


4.7 


1, 185, 000 


4.8 


379, 000 


4 5 


864,000 


4.5 


Oklahoma 


. 1956.. 


9.501.000 


4.7 


3, 492, 000 


4.8 


3, 772, 000 


4.5 


2, 237, 000 


4 7 




1950. 


5, 028, 000 


43 


2, 059, 000 


4.3 


1,628,000 


4.2 


1.341,000 


4.6 


Texas 


1956- 


31, 018. 000 


46 


12,611.000 


46 


7, 907, 000 


4 6 


10. 500, 000 


4 5 




1950- 


17, SOO, 000 


44 


7, 716, 000 


40 


4,647,000 


4.5 


5, 437, 000 


44 


MOUNTAIN 


















Montana 


1956- 


6,146,000 


46 


2, 054, 000 


4.6 


2, 927, 000 


4.6 


1, 165, 000 


4.8 




1950 . 


2, 788, 000 


45 


1,166,000 


4.5 


1,209.000 


44 


413,000 


4.5 




1956.. 


8, 040, 000 


46 


4, 239, 000 


46 


2, 157, 000 


4.5 


1, 644, 000 


4.8 




1950.. 


3.617.000 


46 


2, 360, 000 


47 


743,000 


44 


514. 000 


4.4 




-1956- 


3.004,000 


46 


923.000 


4.7 


1,745,000 


4.6 


336,000 


46 


19.50 


1.618.000 


4.5 


613, 000 


4.5 


760.000 


43 


245,000 


5.3 


Colorado 


1956.. 


8. 727, 000 


4.8 


4, 2S3, 000 


4.8 


2. 639, 000 


4.8 


1,805,000 


4.7 




1950.. 


4, 835, 000 


46 


2, 245. 000 


4.6 


1,456,000 


46 


1, 134. 000 


4.6 


New Mexico — 


1956.. 


4, 444, 000 


49 


1, 548. 000 


5.1 


1, 899, 000 


4.8 


997, 000 


5.0 




1950.. 


2, 203, 000 
3, 734, 000 
1,911.000 


4.6 
5 3 


917. 000 
1, 416, 000 


4.8 
5 1 


978, 000 
1, 573, 000 


4.5 
5.6 


308, 000 
745, 000 


4.4 
5.2 


Arizona. 


1950.. 


49 


960,000 


6.1 


510, 000 


48 


441,000 


4.8 


Utah 


1956— 


3, 450, 000 


4 9 


1, 928. 000 


4.9 


1,147,000 


4.9 


375,000 


5.0 




1950.. 


2, 029, 000 


4 8 


1, 355, 000 


4 8 


516. 000 


4 7 


158, 000 


4.9 


Nevada 


_ 1956.. 


1,153.000 


4 9 


797, 000 


5.0 


257, 000 


4.6 


99,000 


4.6 




1950.. 


605, 000 


47 


461, 000 


4.7 


47, 000 


5.0 


97,000 


4.4 


PACIFIC 




















1956.. 


10. 093, 000 


4.9 


7, 022. 000 


5.0 


1, 864, 000 


4.7 


1, 207, 000 


4.7 




1950.. 


5, 644, 000 


46 


3, 760. 000 


4.7 


956, 000 


4 4 


928,000 


43 




_ 1956- 


9,695,000 


4.8 


6,319,000 


49 


2, 295, 000 


4.6 


1, 081, 000 


4 6 




1950- 


5, 317, 000 


46 


3, 619, 000 


4.7 


1,050.000 


45 


648,000 


45 




_ 1956- 


39, 024, 000 


49 


23, 814, 000 


5,0 


8, 200, 000 


4.9 


7, 010, 000 


4.8 




1950- 


21,473,000 


47 


12, 729, 000 


46 


3, 954, 000 


47 


4, 790, 000 


48 



' Includes rented portion of farms operated by part owners. 



FARM-MORTGAGE DEBT 67 

Table 8. — Amount of Farm-Mortgage Debt Held by Principal Lenders, for the United States: 1910-56 





Total mortcaeo 
debt (dollars) 


Amount held by- 


Year 


Federal land 

banks and 

Fed! ral Farm 

Mortgage 

Corporation 
(dollars) 


Farmers' Home 

Administration 

(dollars) 


Life insurance 
companies 
(dollars) 


All operating 
banks 
(dollars) 


Farm 

npccilnrs. other 

individuals, 

and all other 

lenders 

(dollars) 




9.066, 153.000 
6. 579, 278. 000 
4,940,915,000 

6, 586. 399. 000 

7, 584. 459. OHO 
9, 630. 768, 000 

9. 912. 650. 000 
8. 448. 772. 000 
3, 207, 863, tmo 


1,480.204,000 

964,727.000 

1, 556, 983, 000 

2.723.110.000 
2.664,179.0110 
1,201,732,000 

923.077,000 
293.595,000 


277. 869. 000 
188, 855 000 
193, 377, 000 

31,927,000 


2,271.784.000 

1, 172. 326. 000 

933, 723, 000 

984, 290. 000 
1.301.562.000 
2,118.439,000 

1, 942. 624. 000 
974. 826. 000 
386,961,000 


1, 346, 287. 000 
937,144.000 
449, 682, 000 

534.170.000 
498, 842 000 
997, 468, 000 

1, 200. 456. 000 

1, 204. 383 000 

406, 248, 000 


i 3. 690. 009. 000 




2,316. 226. firm 




1,807,250,000 




2. 312. 902. 000 










5,313,129,000 






5. 846, 493. 000 












2, 414, 654, 000 











> This total comprises $2,886,298,000 held by farm operators and other individuals, and $804,71 1,000 held by other lenders such as mortgage companies and State and county agencies. 



Table 9.- 



-Average Rate of Interest (Percent) on Farm-Mortgage Debt Held by Principal Lenders, by Geographic Divisions: 

January 1, 1956 



Region and division 


All lenders 


Federal 
land 
banks and 
Federal 
Farm 
Mortgage 
Corpora- 
tion ' 


Farmers' 
Home 

Adminis- 
tration 


Life 
insurance 
companies 


All 

operating 

banks 


Individ- 
uals 


All others 




4.7 


4.1 


3.9 


4.6 


4.9 


4.7 


5.0 






North 


4.5 
4.9 

4.8 

4,8 
4.8 
4.5 

4.4 

5.1 
4.9 
4.7 
4.8 
4.9 


4.1 
42 
4.0 

4.4 
4.4 
4.0 
4.0 

4.6 
4.0 
4.0 
4.0 
40 


3.9 
3.9 
3.9 

4.0 

4.1 
3.9 
3.9 

40 
3.9 
3.8 
3.9 
40 


44 
47 

4 8 

48 
4.9 
4 4 
44 

4.8 
46 
47 
4.8 
46 


8.1 
6.7 
5.6 

6.1 
5.2 
5.1 
5.0 

5.6 
5.8 

5.8 
5.7 
5.4 


44 
5.2 

5.0 

47 
4.6 
4.3 
43 

5.2 
6.2 
6.3 
49 
5.0 


4.8 




5.1 




5.2 


GEOGRAPHIC DIVISIONS 






5.1 




48 




4.7 




6.7 




5.5 




4.3 




5.2 




5.2 







i Data from Farm Credit Administration. 



68 



FARM-MORTGAGE DEBT 



Table 10. — Farm-Mortgage Debt — Total Outstanding and Loans Held by Principal Lenders, by Divisions and States: 

January 1, 1956 and 1950 



Region, division, and State 



United States. 

The North.. 
The South.. 
The West.. 



Geographic Divisions: 

New England. 

Middle Atlantic 

East North Central.. 
West North Central. 



South Atlantic 

East South Central.. 
West South Central- 
Mountain 

Pacific 



New England : 

Maine 

New Harnpshii 
Vermont 



M;iss;ichns!'1ls 
Rhode Island... 
Connecticut — 



Middle Atlantic : 

New York 

New Jersey 

Pennsylvania.. 



East North Central : 

Ohio 

Indiana 

Illinois 

Michigan 

Wisconsin 



West North Central: 

Minnesota 

Iowa 

Missouri 



North Dakota.. 
South Dakota- 
Nebraska 

Kansas 



South Atlantic : 



Maryland 

Virginia 

West Virginia. 



Florida. 

st South Central: 

Kentucky 

Tennessee 

Alabama 

Mississippi 



West South Central : 

Arkansas 

Louisiana 

Oklahoma 

Texas 



Mountain : 
Montana. . 

Idaho 

Wyoming. 
Colorado.. 



New Mexico- 
Arizona 

Utah 

Nevada 



Pacific: 

Washington- 
Oregon 

California 



Amount (dollars) 



4, 494, 433, 000 
2, 565, 616, 000 
2, 006, 104, 000 



190, 235, 000 

516,992,000 

1,621,896,000 

2,165,310,000 

827, 563, 000 
599, 985, 000 

1,138,068,000 
808, 280, 000 

1, 197, 824, 000 



28,361,000 
21, 582, 000 
42, 058, 000 

49, 724, 000 
6, 250, 000 
42, 260, 000 



235, 435, 000 
83,361,000 
198, 196, 000 



333,982,000 
309,125,000 
368, 154,000 
235,917,000 
374, 718, 000 



452,633,000 
f.69, 588, 000 
285, 992, 000 

110,107,000 
136, 625, 000 
265, 336, 000 
245,129,000 



13,201,000 
81,838,000 
138, 856, 000 
29, 054, 000 

185, 073, 000 
72,511,000 
155, 262, 000 
151, 768, 000 



151,019,000 
139, 032, 000 
126,891,000 
183, 043, 000 



150,203,000 
104,317,000 
204,174,000 
679, 374, 000 



132,542,000 
174, 326, 000 
64, 857, 000 
182, 606, 000 

89, 848, 000 
70,179,000 
70, 258, 000 
23, 664, 000 



205, 796, 000 
202, 358, 000 
789, 670, 000 



2,986,114,000 
1,470,261,000 
1,122,903,000 



141,975,000 

373, 125, 000 

1,133,401,000 

1, 337, 613, 000 

442, 830, 000 
372, 436, 000 
654, 995, 000 
424, 502, 000 
698,401,000 



20, 470, 000 
15, 570, 000 
31, 855, 000 

38, 825, 000 
4, 227, 000 
31,028,000 



169,428,000 
55, 916, 000 
147, 781, 000 



228,681,000 
200, 425, 000 
265, 755, 000 
155, 514, 000 
283, 026, 000 



276, 807, 000 
433, 878, 000 
167, 053, 000 

69, 108. 000 
87, 536. 000 
157,956,000 
145, 275, 000 



9, 659, 000 
53, 640, 000 
74, 722, 000 
24, 804, 000 

89,010.000 
41, 128, 000 
84, 072, 000 
65, 795, 000 



102. 902, 000 
88,015,000 
80, 295, 000 

101,224,000 



85, 329, 000 
52,195,000 
116,917.000 
400, 554, 000 



62, 449, 000 
79, 299, 000 
35, 852, 000 
105, 209, 000 

47, 699, 000 
38,751,000 
42,312,000 
12, 931, 000 



123,010,000 
114,531,000 
460, S60, 000 



50.5 
74.5 
78.7 



38.5 
38.6 
32.0 

28.1 
47.9 
36.2 



52.6 
85.8 
17.1 

107.9 
76.3 
84.7 

130.7 



46.8 
58.0 
58.0 



81.1 
66.0 
83.0 



67.3 
76.7 
71.3 



Federal land banks and Federal Farm 
Mortgage Corporation l 



Amount (dollars) 



772, 895, 000 
443, 865, 000 
263, 444, 000 



28, 558. 000 
66, 649. 000 
254, 480, 000 
423, 208, 000 

112,150,000 
101, 750, 000 
229, 965, 000 
127,791,000 
135, 653, 000 



4, 330. 000 
2, 082. 000 
8, 554, 000 

7,012,000 

979, 000 

5, 601, 000 



35, 659. 000 
10, 689, 000 
20, 301, 000 



36. 576, 000 
38, 952, 000 
77, 942, 000 
47, 614, 000 
53, 396, 000 



78, 872. 000 
111.943,000 
36, 226, 000 

23, 537, 000 
48, 740, 000 
69,611,000 
54, 279, 000 



25, 860, 000 
17,679,000 
27, 456, 000 
13, 695, 000 



17,054,000 
17, 535. 000 
35, 120. 000 
32,041,000 



15,402,000 
19,018,000 
30, 502, 000 
165,043,000 



24, 082, 000 
34, 109, 000 
11,962.000 
27, 196, 000 

9, 865, 000 
7,718,000 
10, 639, 000 
2, 220, 000 



25, 893, 000 
23,511.000 
86, 249, 000 



519,993,000 
281,185,000 
163, 549, 000 



23, 935. 000 
50.517,000 
157. 205, 000 
288, 336, 000 

74, 029, 000 
63,170.000 
143, 986. 000 
74,619,000 
88, 930, 000 



3,118,000 
1, 710, 000 
5,895,000 

6, 835, 000 
1,012,000 
5, 365, 000 



29, 232, 000 
8, 880, 000 
12,405,000 



18,373,000 
22, 953. 000 
53,501,000 
24, 668, 000 
37,710,000 



52. 255, 000 
84, 398, 000 
23, 693, 000 

15,212,000 
31.369,000 
49.317.000 
32, 092, 000 



645,000 
4, 470, 000 
8. 992, 000 
3, 975, 000 

15, 768. 000 
11,058.000 
18, 269. 000 
10, 852, 000 



11,005,000 
10, 957. 000 
19,995,000 
21,213,000 



12.085.000 
12, 997, 000 
20,714.000 
98, 190, 000 



13, 093. 000 

15, 506, 000 
8, 336. 000 

16, 575, 000 

5,951,000 
5,991,000 
7, 686, 000 
1,481,000 



15,0*4,000 
14, 672, 000 
59, 174, 000 



Percent 

change, 

1950 to 

1956 



19.3 
31.9 
61.9 
46.8 

51.5 
61.1 
59.7 



22.0 
20.4 
63.7 



45.7 
93.0 
41.6 



50.9 
32.6 
52.9 

54.7 
55.4 
41.2 
69.1 



fit. 
59. 9 
50.3 
26.2 



55.0 
60.0 
75.6 
51.0 



27.4 
46.3 
47.3 



Farmers Home Administration • 



Amount (dollars) 



83, 906, 000 
144, 939, 000 
49, 024, 000 



3, 401, 000 
8, 424, 000 
22, 585, 000 
49, 496, 000 

47, 028, 000 
47, 285, 000 
50, 626, 000 
31,844,000 
17, 180, 000 



1,701,000 
294, 000 
662, 000 

442, 000 
25, 000 
277, 000 



2, 754. 000 
1,873,000 
3, 797, 000 



4, 137, 000 
4, 467, 000 
4, 058. 000 

4, 295, 000 

5, 628, 000 



7, 423, 000 
6, 803, 000 
12, 723, 000 

4, 616, 000 
4. 373, 000 
6, 359, 000 
7, 139, 000 



248, 000 
1,052,000 
4, 683, 000 
3,165,000 

11,460.000 
8, 317, 000 

13,812,000 
3, 691, 000 



4, 903, 000 
8,119,000 
13,628,000 
20, 635, 000 



10, 647. 000 
8,041,000 
12,341,000 
19, 597, 000 



3, 898, 000 
8, 953. 000 
3.012,000 
3, 939, 000 

3, 682, 000 
2,791,000 

4, 955. 000 
614, 000 



7, 929, 000 
4, 082, 000 
5, 169, 000 



57, 547. 000 
113,722,000 
17,5S6,000 



2, 407, 000 
7, 748, 000 
16,983,000 
30, 409, 000 

32, 672, 000 
34,918.000 
46,132,000 
12, 645, 000 
4,941,000 



764, 000 
153, 000 
708, 000 

518,000 
31,000 
233, 000 



2, 772, 000 
1,533,000 

3, 443, 000 



3,613,000 
3, 204, 000 
3, 055, 000 
3, 218, 000 
3, 893, 000 



6, 038, 000 
3,381,000 
8,113,000 

2, 450, 000 
2,155,000 
3, 198, 000 
5,074,000 



304,000 
1,432,000 
2, 600, 000 
1,471,000 

6, 755, 000 
6, 534, 000 
11,655,000 
1, 921, 000 



3, 037, 000 
5, 377, 000 
9, 310, 000 
17,194,000 



10, 424. 000 
6, 398, 000 
9, 534, 000 

19, 776, 000 



2. 774, 000 
2, 247, 000 
1,160,000 
1,728,000 

1,344,000 
767,000 

2, 357, 000 
268, 000 



1, 562. 000 
1, 523, 000 
1, 856, 000 



' Includes regular'mortgages, purchase-money mortgages, and sales contracts. 
3 Includes tenant-purchase, farm-enlargement, farm-development, project-liquidation, farm-housing, and soil- and water-conservation loans; and loans for these purposes from 
State Corporation trust funds. 



FARM-MORTGAGE DEBT 



Table 10. — Farm-Mortgage Debt- 



-Total Outstanding and Loans Held by Principal Lenders, by Divisions and States: 
January 1, 1956 and 1950 — Continued 





I/lie Insurance companies l 


All others • 


All operating banks 4 




Region, division, and State 


Amount (dollars) 


Percent 

change, 

1950 to 

1956 


Amount (dollars) 


Percent 

change, 

1950 to 

1956 


Amount (dollars) 


Percent 
change, 




1956 


1950 


1956 


1950 


1956 


1950 


1950 to 
1966 




2, 271, 784, 000 


1, 172, 326, 000 


93.8 


6, 036, 296, 000 


S, 263, 370, 000 


54.8 


1, 346, 237, 000 


937, 144, 000 


43.7 






The North 


1,1 IK, 748, 000 
721,714,000 
431,322,000 


664, 912, 000 
326,862,000 
180, 552, 000 


68.3 
120.8 
138.9 


2,518,884,000 

1,255, Oils, H0II 
1,262,314,000 


1,743,662,000 
748,492,000 
761,216,000 


44.5 
67.7 
65.8 


747, 447, 000 

4?6, SSX.IIMO 

171,952,000 


534,017,000 
277,627,000 
125,500,000 


40.0 
53.8 




37.0 






Geographic Divisions: 


4, 806, 000 
39,240,000 
350, 409, 000 
724,293,000 

138, 599, 000 
129,722,000 
453, 393, 000 
247, 796, 000 
183, 526, 000 


1,742,000 
20,147,000 
198, 827, 000 
444, 190, 000 

43,786,000 
59, 137, 000 
223, 939, 000 
88,652,000 
91, 900, 000 


175.9 
94.8 
76.2 
63.1 

216.5 
119.4 
102.5 
179.5 
99.7 


153, 470, 000 
402, 679, 000 
994, 422, 000 
968,313,000 

529, 786, 000 
321,228,000 
404, 084, 000 
400,849,000 
861,465,000 


113,891,000 
294,713,000 
760, 386, 000 
574, 672, 000 

292, 343, 000 
215,211,000 
240, 938, 000 
248, 586, 000 
512,630,000 


34.8 
36.6 
30.8 
68.5 

81.2 
40.3 
67.7 
61.3 
6S.0 


51,479,000 
131,513,000 
335,098,000 
229, 357, 000 

187, 863, 000 
142, 634, 000 
96,391,000 
33,119,000 
138,833,000 


36,3(12,000 
90,934,000 
237, 974 000 
168, 807, 000 

115,911,000 
104, 454, 000 
57, 262, 000 
25,210,000 
100, 200, 000 


41.8 




44.6 




40.8 




35.9 




62.1 




36.6 




68.3 




31.4 




38.4 






New England : 


809, 000 

2,000 

1, 349, 000 

626, 000 

19, 000 

2,001,000 

15,579,000 
15,020,000 
8,641,000 

50, 334, 000 
109, 224, 000 
150, 940, 000 

15,242,000 
24,669,000 

106, 684, 000 
276,025,000 
105,597,000 

12,130,000 
44,645,000 
91, 982, 000 
87,230,000 

376,000 
6,113,000 
20, 634, 000 
1, 188, 000 

26,612,000 
6, 559, 000 
25, 784, 000 

51, 333, 000 

42, 337, 000 
23,181,000 
12, 339, 000 
51,865,000 

64, 146, 000 
18, 512, 000 
85, 361, 000 
285, 374, 000 

30, 925, 000 
43, 192, 000 
29, 843, 000 
62, 761, 000 

41, 238, 000 
22, 788, 000 
10, 208, 000 
6,841,000 

30,101,000 
36,175,000 
117,250,000 


15,000 

6,000 

343, 000 

611,000 
13, 000 

755, 000 

7, 590, 000 
7,492,000 
5,065,000 

26, 935, 000 
62, 880, 000 
90, 662, 000 
6, 253, 000 
12, 097, 000 

62, 853, 000 
173,647,000 
66, 224, 000 

9, 696, 000 
32, 330, 00 
54, 659, 000 
44, 787, 000 

179, 000 
3, 505, 000 

8, 366, 000 
382, 000 

8, 471, 000 

1, 203, 000 
10, 653, 000 
11,027,000 

19,814,000 
11,897,000 

2, 762, 000 
24, 664, 000 

29, 835, 000 

9, 695, 000 

29, 846, 000 

154, 563, 000 

7,001,000 
14,832,000 
10, 738, 000 
21,221,000 

21, 828, 000 
7, 351, 000 

2, 338, 000 

3, 343, 000 

14, 673, 000 
14, 491, 000 
62,736,000 


-60.0 
293.3 

2.5 
46.2 
165.0 

105.3 

100.5 
70.6 

86.9 
73.7 
66.5 
143.8 
103.9 

69.7 
59.0 
59.5 

25.1 
38.1 
68.3 
94.8 

110.1 
74.4 
146.6 
211.0 

214.2 

445.2 
142.0 
365.5 

113.7 
94.8 
346.7 
110.3 

115.0 

90.9 
186.0 
84.6 

341.7 

191.2 
177.9 
195.7 

88.9 
210.0 
336.6 
104.6 

105.1 
149.6 
86.9 


21,521,000 
19, 204, 000 
31,493,000 

41,644,000 
6, 227, 000 
34,381,000 

181,443,000 
55,779,000 
165,457,000 

242, 935, 000 
156,482,000 
135,214,000 
168,766,000 
291,025,000 

259, 554, 000 
274, 757, 000 
131,446,000 

69, 824, 000 
38,867,000 
97, 3S4, 000 
96, 481, 000 

11,169,000 
66,694,000 
100, 17S.000 
19,389,000 

121,141,000 
39, 956, 000 
88,210,000 
83,049,000 

86,725,000 
90,197,000 
65, 804, 000 
78, 502, 000 

60, 008, 000 
58, 746, 000 
75, 970, 000 
209, 360, 000 

73, 637, 000 
88, 072, 000 
20, 040, 000 
88,710,000 

35, 063, 000 
36, 882, 000 
44, 456, 000 
13,989,000 

141,873,000 
138, 590, 000 
581, 002, 000 


16, 573, 000 
13, 702, 000 
24, 909, 000 

30,861,000 
3,171,000 
24, 675, 000 

129,834,000 
38,011,000 
126, 868, 000 

179, 760, 000 
111,388,000 
118,537,000 
121,375,000 
229,326,000 

155, 661, 000 
172,452,000 
69,023,000 

41,750,000 

21, 682, 000 
50, 782, 000 
63, 322, 000 

8,531,000 
44, 233, 000 
54, 764, 000 
18, 976, 000 

58,016,000 

22, 333, 000 
43, 495, 000 
41,995,000 

69, 046, 000 
59,784,000 
48, 228, 000 
38, 153, 000 

32, 985, 000 
23,105,000 
56, 823, 000 
128, 025, 000 

39,581,000 
46, 714, 000 
15,618,000 
65, 6S5, 000 

18, 576, 000 
24, 642, 000 
29,931,000 
7, 839, 000 

91,691,000 
83, 845, 000 
337, 094, 000 


29.9 
40.2 
26.4 

34.9 
64.8 
39.3 

39.7 
46.7 
30.4 

35.1 
40.5 
14.1 
39.0 

26.9 

66.7 
59.3 
90.4 

67.2 
79.3 
91.8 
52.4 

30.9 
50.8 
82.9 
2.2 

108.8 
78.9 

102.8 
97.8 

25.6 
50.9 
36.4 
105.8 

81.9 
154.3 
33.7 
63.5 

86.0 
88.5 
28.3 
35.1 

88.8 
49.7 
48.5 
78.5 

54.7 
65.3 
72.4 


7, 529, 000 
4, 222, 000 
17,211,000 

10,176,000 
2,691,000 
9, 650, 000 

51,344,000 
12, 259, 000 
67,910,000 

100,511,000 
59, 840, 000 
53, 274, 000 
48, 9S0, 000 
72, 493, 000 

60,014,000 
68,173,000 
51,266,000 

7, 024, 000 
5,041,000 
12, 918, 000 
24, 921, 000 

9, 183, 000 
26,718,000 
39,117,000 
11,010,000 

36, 008, 000 
9,907,000 
39,476,000 
16,444,000 

57, 778, 000 
43, 905, 000 
18, 569, 000 
22, 382, 000 

18, 994, 000 
20,771,000 

17, 247, 000 
39, 379, 000 

3, 477, 000 
3, 866, 000 
1, 882, 000 
7, 716, 000 

3, 320, 000 
3, 344, 000 
8,502.000 
1,012,000 

18, 899, 000 
18, 182, 000 

101,752,000 


4, 458, 000 

2, 656, 000 
14, 973, 000 

7, 092, 000 
1, 524, 000 
5, 599, 000 

36,426,000 
6,647,000 
47,861,000 

73, 568, 000 
45, 734, 000 
32, 181,000 
37,565,000 
48, 926, 000 

43,023,000 
53,605,000 
36, 851, 000 

3, 151, 000 
4,043,000 
9, 462, 000 
18, 672, 000 

6, 987, 000 
16,916,000 
28,177,000 
10,719,000 

20, 945, 000 
6,879,000 

19, 747, 000 
6,542,000 

46, 465, 000 
30, 0S4, 000 
14, 333, 000 
13, 572, 000 

9, 272, 000 
10,335,000 
10, 437, 000 
27, 218, 000 

2,316,000 

3, 825, 000 

1, 942, 000 

4, 726, 000 

2, 188, 000 

2, 038, 000 
7, 150, 000 
1, 025, 000 

14, 109, 000 
8, 492, 000 
77, 689, 000 


68.9 




59.0 




14.9 




43.5 




76.6 




72.4 


Middle Atlantic: 


41.0 




84.4 




41.9 


East North Central: 


36.6 




30.8 
65.5 




30.4 




48.2 


V/est North Central: 


39. S 




27.2 


Missouri 


39.1 
122.9 




24.7 




36.5 




33.5 


South Atlantic: 


31.4 




58.0 




38.8 




2.7 




71.9 




68.5 




99.9 




151.4 


East South Central : 


24.3 




45.9 




29.6 




64.9 


West South Central: 


104.9 




101.0 




65.2 




44.7 


Mountain: 


50.1 


Idaho. _ 

Wyoming 


1.1 
-3.1 
63.3 




51.7 




64.1 




18.9 




-1.3 


Pacific: 


33.9 




114.1 




31.0 







> Includes loans held by all operating banks, individuals, and miscellaneous leuders. 

* Mortgage loan data for all operating banks are classified according to location of bank and are not strictly comparable with data for other lenders whose loans are classified accord- 
ing to location of security or borrower. 
' Percent not shown when over 1,000. 



70 FARM-MORTGAGE DEBT 

Table 11. — Mortgaged Farms Operated by Full Owners, Classified by Rate of Interest, 1 by Divisions and States: 1956 





Total 

mortgaged 

full-owner 

farms 


Number of mortgaged full-owner farms reporting rate of interest as- 


Division and State 


under 3 
percent 


3.00 to 
3.99 percent 


4.00 to 
4.49 percent 


4.50 to 
4.99 percent 


5.00 to 5.50 to 
5.49 percent 5.99 percent 


6.00(0 
6.99 percent 


7.00 percent 
and over 




909, 2S9 


14. 068 


40, 943 


249, 493 


89, 929 


195, 105 


15, 329 


261. 397 


42, 977 






Geographic Divisions: 


27, 242 
70,341 
175.617 
171, 282 

128. 398 
109, 351 
101,470 
43, 938 
81, 600 


547 
1,003 
3,530 
2,272 

2,554 

1,647 

1,180 

643 

690 


707 
1,943 
10, 125 
7,217 

4,263 
3.707 
8,941 
1,945 
2,095 


4,765 
11,336 
55, 625 
76, 894 

15,068 
28,143 
27,761 
13,340 
16, 571 


3,900 
8, 591 
19, 155 
23,887 

8,439 
5,983 
8,913 
4,854 
6,207 


10,967 
25. 671 
44,241 
27,373 

29,377 
11,046 
14,623 
10, 130 
21,687 


694 

880 

3,729 

2,529 

2,379 

941 

937 

1,150 

2,090 


6,594 
20, 734 
36,471 
25, 502 

58,253 
50. 405 
25, 752 
9,439 
29, 247 


88 




183 




2,741 




5,608 




8,065 




7,479 




13, 363 




2,437 




3,013 






New England : 


6,520 
3,483 
5,998 

6,514 

685 
4,042 

31, 733 
8,077 
30,531 

39,474 
34,473 
21,255 
33, 867 
46,648 

41,799 
39,769 
44,331 

8,824 
7,767 
13,318 
15,474 

1,356 

7.967 
20, 208 
9,168 

32,568 
14. 752 
28,426 
13,953 

28,629 
27, 760 
26,530 
20, 432 

20, 601 
15.754 
19.613 
45,502 

6,696 
12.309 
2,615 
9,485 

3,869 
2,531 
6,391 
1,042 

21,877 
18.39S 
41,325 


150 
63 
12 

221 
16 
85 

286 
137 
580 

513 
310 
489 
542 
1,676 

1,003 

477 
355 

159 
132 
53 
93 

8 
96 
404 
174 

489 
369 

540 
474 

258 
250 
875 
264 

227 
126 
235 
592 

46 
222 

37 
152 

74 
23 

89 


117 
91 
102 

182 

9 

206 

603 
363 

977 

987 

827 

871 

1,016 

6,424 

2,592 
1,631 
1,108 

715 
287 

466 
418 

35 
303 

606 
266 

782 
649 
938 
684 

4S7 

916 

1,167 

1,137 

1,174 

662 

2,373 

4,732 

461 
517 
144 
247 

159 
84 
313 

20 

547 

615 

1,033 


1,056 

700 

1,092 

1,329 
86 
492 

5,522 
1,082 
4,732 

9,750 

10, 067 
8,756 
9,178 

17,874 

20,523 
22,668 
11,304 

3,883 

4,178 
8,258 
6.080 

152 
1,243 
2,508 
1,256 

3,289 

2,375 

3,354 

893 

4,523 
4,553 
9,657 
9,410 

3,935 
3,403 
5,590 
14,833 

1,795 
4,800 
1,004 
2,892 

956 

405 

1,272 

216 

4,179 
4,416 
7,976 


789 
341 
768 

1,238 
109 

655 

4,379 
1,220 
2,992 

3,868 
6,240 
3,762 
1,863 
4,422 

5,601 
8,113 
3, 721 

S6H 
1.25S 
2,091 
2,244 

137 

693 

1,415 

889 

1,791 
811 

2,047 
056 

1,632 
1,332 
1,327 
1,692 

1,401 

567 

1,530 

6,415 

370 
1,748 

358 
1,157 

364 
167 
607 
83 

1.48S 
1,454 
3,265 


1,793 
1,633 
2,674 

2,495 

312 

2,050 

13,581 
3,297 
8,793 

12, 829 
8,170 
3,720 
9,700 
9,822 

6,353 
4,414 
8,113 

1,579 
1,383 
1,678 
3,863 

602 
3,321 
6,133 

880 

0,774 

2,862 
5,884 
3,921 

4,008 
2,804 
1,363 
2,881 

1,936 
2,080 
3,099 
7,508 

1,623 

2,548 

515 

2,362 

681 

575 

1,489 

337 

6,366 
4,783 
10,538 


46 
45 
126 

352 

8 

117 

666 
153 
61 

1,816 
586 
468 
440 
419 

669 
398 

798 

141 
16 
120 

387 

8 
231 
404 

119 

619 
207 

512 
279 

229 

500 
27 
185 

124 
110 
157 

546 

108 
357 


2,523 

610 

1,182 

697 
145 
437 

6,696 
1,825 
12, 213 

9,711 
8,825 
2,551 
10, 078 
5,306 

4,013 

1,790 
15, 560 

953 

272 

639 

2,275 

414 
2. 032 

9.659 
5,529 

18,563 
5,163 

11,228 
5,665 

17,063 
16,683 
9,126 
7,633 

7,375 
5,340 
4,119 
8,918 

1,242 

1,612 

413 

2,106 

1,008 
986 

1,726 
346 

7,919 
6,163 
15,165 


46 








42 














Middle Atlantic: 










183 


East North Central : 






448 




638 




1,050 




605 


West North Central: 


1,045 




278 




3,369 




538 




241 




13 




124 


South Atlantic: 




48 




81 




65 




261 




2,316 




3,923 




1,381 


East South Central : 


429 




722 




2,998 




3,330 


WestSoulh Central: 


4,429 




3,466 




2, 510 




2,958 


Monntain : 


51 

505 




144 




ISO 

174 
68 

243 
20 

372 

313 

1,405 


389 




453 




223 




652 




20 


Pacific: 


175 
184 
331 


831 




670 




1,612 







i Distribution of mortgaged farms by rate of interest estimated by computing percentage distribution of mortgage loans by rate of interest and applying this distribution to number 
of mortgaged farms. 



FARM-MORTGAGE DEBT 71 

Table 12.— Mortgaged Farms Operated by Part Owners, Classified by Rate of Interest, 1 by Divisions and States: 1956 

[Data refer only to owned portion of farms operated by part owners. See text] 





Total 
mortgaged 
part-owner 

farms 


Number of mortgaged part-owner farms reporting rate of Interest as — 


Division and State 


Under 3 
percent 


3.00 to 
3.99 percent 


4.00 to 
4.49 percent 


4.50 to 
1.99 percent 


6.00 to 
5.49 percent 


5.50 to 
6.99 percent 


6.00 to 
1.99 percent 


7.00 percent 
and over 




368, 269 


4,898 


20, 058 


119,984 


44,844 


75, 087 


6,372 


81,183 


16,873 


Geographic Divisions: 


7,420 

18, 5S9 
62, 965 
102,319 

42, 439 
40, 076 
50, 920 
24, 575 
IS, 976 


155 

365 

1,389 

1,375 

469 
245 
336 
374 
200 


273 

663 

3,778 

5,230 

1,335 
1,028 
5,942 
1,230 
579 


1,383 
3.657 
23,311 
48,040 

4,845 
10,151 
15, 452 
7,941 
5,184 


1,535 
3,114 
7,674 
16,015 

2,933 
2,769 
6,430 
2,716 
1,658 


2,779 

6,576 
15,485 
17,635 

9,155 

4,547 
7,558 
6,139 
5,223 


177 

651 

800 

1,170 

816 
137 
626 
532 
663 


1,112 

3,045 
9,647 
9,580 

19,477 
18,784 
0,760 
4,147 
5,011 


6 




28 




871 




3,274 




3,409 




2,415 




4,816 




1,496 




558 


New England: 


1,183 

939 

2,171 

1,416 

199 

1,512 

9,615 
1,477 
7,497 

11,881 
13,904 
12,614 
12,482 
12, 174 

18,881 
15, 657 
16, 795 

10,348 
11,780 
11,459 
17,399 

377 

2,024 
5,756 
1,248 

15, 163 
5,704 
9, 223 
2,944 

9,156 
11,012 
10,889 

9,019 

7,386 
5,003 
13, 573 
24, 958 

5,504 
4,457 
2,345 
5,406 

2,477 

1,203 

3,004 

179 

4,796 
4,484 
9,696 


38 
7 
41 

33 


25 
27 

102 

65 


1C9 
151 
389 

338 
41 
295 

1,933 

307 

1,417 

3,742 

4,977 
5,530 
4,058 
5,004 

9,838 
9,002 
6,106 

4,097 
6,456 
6,130 
7,411 

40 
381 
593 
225 

1,425 
781 

1,088 
312 

1,483 
2,302 
3,354 
3,012 

1,614 
1,321 
4,331 
S.280 

1,772 

1,784 

928 

1,627 

654 
236 
895 
45 

1,620 
1,395 
2,269 


234 
137 
382 

334 

79 
369 

1,808 

294 

1,012 

1,319 

2,086 
1,977 
1,148 
1,144 

2,379 
3,178 
2,217 

776 
1,779 
2,154 
3,632 

52 
223 

777 
192 

531 
359 
599 
200 

613 
385 
806 
965 

702 

295 

1,764 

3,669 

418 
423 
267 
800 

372 
135 
288 
13 

441 
529 
688 


355 
488 
868 

523 

29 
516 

3,625 

513 

2,438 

3,612 
3,726 
2,27S 
3,532 
2,337 

2,303 
1,691 
3,745 

2,473 

1,849 
1,833 
3,741 

199 

793 

1,261 

171 

3,427 

1,107 

1,605 

592 

1,392 

1,443 

882 

830 

820 

495 

1,751 

4,492 

1,343 

1,132 

619 

1,449 

623 
314 
631 
28 

1,113 

1,269 
2,841 




362 

122 
341 

«9 
60 
138 

1, 538 

263 

1,844 

1,913 
2,294 
1,502 
2. 696 
1,242 

1,473 

501 

4,249 

849 

577 

539 

1,392 

72 

441 

2,872 

587 

8,642 

2.220 
3,542 
1,101 

5,229 
0, 607 
4,170 
2,778 

2,275 

1,606 
2,185 
3, 694 

831 
633 

267 

073 

359 
377 
662 
45 

1,204 

771 
3,036 






48 
18 










6 








36 

154 

6 

195 

4G3 
139 
125 
212 
450 

434 
282 
151 

135 
130 
34 

209 


54 

192 
44 
427 

501 

526 

499 

1,717 

1,718 
658 
403 

797 
436 
539 

679 

6 

99 
121 
22 

440 
302 
295 
50 

2.'.t> 
220 

280 

406 

115 

2,321 

3,070 

534 
147 
124 
146 

107 
29 

108 
35 

163 
193 
223 


104 

365 
44 
142 

214 
153 
113 
137 
183 

132 
157 
101 

176 
188 
13S 
278 




Middle Atlantic: 






6 




22 


East North Central: 


S3 




28 




463 




200 




97 


West North Central: 


004 




188 




823 




1,045 




365 




92 




157 


South Atlantic : 


8 




30 

69 
30 

197 
74 
28 
41 


49 
63 
14 

440 
34 

148 
G8 

137 


8 








7 




61 




827 




1,918 




580 


East South Central: 


46 




33 

131 
81 


22 






1,274 






1,073 


West South Central: 


81 
35 
136 
374 

94 
89 
30 
141 

62 
35 
81 


1,588 




55 
81 
200 

138 
71 
40 
16 

42 


1,051 








1,173 


Mountain : 


374 
















258 






Utah 


54 
13 

77 
36 
87 


285 






Pacific: 


62 
94 
407 


216 




145 



i Distribution of mortgaged farms by rate of interest estimated by computing percentage distribution of mortgage loans by rate of interest and applying this distribution to 
number of mortgaged farms. 



72 



FARM-MORTGAGE DEBT 



Table 13. — Number, Acreage, and Value of Mortgaged Farms Operated by Full Owners and Part Owners, Classified by 

Ratio of Debt to Value, by Geographic Divisions: 1956 

[Data for part owners relate only to owned portion. See text] 



Number of mor 


gaged farms 


Land in mortgaged farms (acres) oper- 


Value of land and buildings (dollars) for mortgaged farms oper- 


operated by their owners 




ated by — 




ated by — 






Per- 
cent 


Operated by — 


Full owners 


Part owners 


Full owners 


Part owners 


Total 




























distri- 


Full 


Part 




Aver- 




Aver- 




Aver- 


Aver- 










bution 


owners 


owners 


Total 


age per 
farm 


Total 


age per 
farm 


Total 


ago per 
farm 


age per 
acre 


Total 


age per 
farm 


age per 
acre 


1, 277, 508 


100.0 


909, 239 


368, 269 


149,110,659 


164.0 


117,086,689 


317.9 


17, 625, 598, 000 


19,385 


118.20 


9, 086, 969, 000 


24, 675 


77.61 


182, 164 


14.3 


133, 749 


48,415 


27, 604, 534 


206.4 


23, 220, 259 


479.6 


3,551,670,000 


26, 555 


128.66 


1,922,059,000 


39,700 


82.78 


259, 589 


20.3 


1*1, M0 


74, 743 


33, 325, 956 


180.3 


26, 796, 635 


358.5 


4, 304, 631, 000 


23,288 


129. 17 


2,223,112,000 


29, 743 


82.96 


250, 702 


19.6 


175,951 


74, 751 


29,630,110 


168.4 


24,569,480 


328.7 


3,531,251,000 


20, 070 


119. 18 


1,913,520,000 


25, 599 


77.88 


190, 163 


14.9 


132,515 


57,648 


21, 333, 420 


161.0 


16,717,370 


290.0 


2, 470, 605, 000 


18,644 


115. 81 


1, 267, 081, 000 


21, 980 


75.79 


135, 309 


10.6 


96, 467 


38,842 


12, 583, 991 


130.4 


10, 483, 482 


269.9 


1, 453, 287, 000 


15, 065 


115.49 


742, 366, 000 


19,112 


70.81 


100, 448 


7.9 


73, 120 


27, 328 


10, 435, 868 


142.7 


5, 383, 588 


197.0 


1, 036, 528, 000 


14,176 


99.32 


433, 365, 000 


15, 858 


80.50 


60, 539 


4.7 


43, 134 


17,405 


6, 129, 506 


142.1 


4, 274, 426 


245.6 


571,183,000 


13, 242 


93. 19 


255, 366, 000 


14, 672 


59.74 


39,319 


3.1 


28, 475 


10,844 


3, 146, 887 


110.5 


2, 658, 942 


245.2 


330,011,000 


11,589 


104. 87 


152, 724, 000 


14,084 


57.44 


59, 275 


4.6 


40, 982 


18, 293 


4, 920, 381 


120.1 


2, 982, 507 


163.0 


376, 432, 000 


9,185 


76.50 


177,376,000 


9,696 


59.47 


34, 662 


100.0 


27,242 


7,420 


3, 226, 606 


118.4 


1,201.394 


161.9 


443,370,000 


16, 275 


137.41 


155,129,000 


20, 907 


129. 12 


4,523 


13.0 


3,414 


1,109 


403, 565 


118.2 


167, 052 


150.6 


74, 040, 000 


21,087 


183,46 


28, 541, 000 


25, 736 


170. 85 


6,661 


19.2 


5,245 


1,416 


634, 541 


121.0 


229, 535 


162.1 


95, 583, 000 


IS. 224 


150. 63 


37, 375, 000 


26, 395 


162.83 


6,111 


17.6 


4,810 


1,301 


581, 350 


120.9 


209, 521 


161.0 


82, 464, 000 


17, 144 


141.85 


28, 278, 000 


21,736 


134. 90 


4,478 


12.9 


3,549 


929 


366, 609 


103.3 


160, 325 


172.6 


62, 473, 000 


17, 603 


170.41 


16, 517, 000 


17, 779 


103. 02 


4,240 


12.2 


3,300 


940 


404, 634 


122.6 


155, 626 


165.6 


45,117,000 


13, 672 


111. 50 


16,052,000 


17, 077 


103. 14 


3,294 


9.5 


2,618 


676 


335, 349 


128.1 


110,414 


163.3 


36, 583, 000 


13, 974 


109. 09 


11,851,000 


17, 531 


107. 33 


1,796 


5.2 


1,490 


306 


161, 200 


108.2 


42, 097 


137.6 


16,233,000 


10, 895 


100. 70 


4,613,000 


15, 075 


109. 58 


1,588 


4.6 


1,295 


293 


149, 012 


115.1 


50, 868 


173.6 


14, 786, 000 


11,418 


99.23 


4, 382, 000 


14, 956 


86.14 


1,971 


5.7 


1,521 


450 


1C0, 340 


125.1 


75, 956 


168.8 


16,091,000 


10, 579 


84.54 


7, 520, 000 


16,711 


99.00 


88, 930 


100.0 


70,341 


18, 589 


7, S52, 091 


104.5 


2, 552. 718 


137.3 


1,166,025,000 


16. 577 


158.60 


420, 249, 000 


22, 607 


164.63 


11,238 


12.6 


9,086 


2,152 


965, 7S4 


106.3 


361,045 


167.8 


214,234,000 


23, 578 


221. 82 


89, 973, 000 


41, 809 


249.20 


15,345 


17.3 


12, 234 


3,111 


1,340,326 


109.6 


497,010 


159.8 


229, 614, 000 


IS, 769 


171.31 


90, 229, 000 


29,003 


181. 54 


17, 878 


20.1 


14,018 


3,860 


1,462,725 


104.3 


535, 958 


138.8 


245,971,000 


17,547 


168. 16 


85, 546, 000 


22,162 


159. 61 


12,549 


14.1 


9,862 


2,687 


976, 388 


99.0 


354, 428 


131.9 


151, 526, 000 


15, 365 


155. 19 


57, 604, 000 


21, 438 


162. 53 


11,321 


12.7 


8,971 


2,350 


784,839 


87.5 


297. 265 


126.5 


134, 159, 000 


14, 955 


170. 94 


36,916,000 


15,709 


124. 19 


8,028 


9.0 


6,604 


1,424 


707, 000 


107.1 


160, 737 


112.9 


93,213,000 


14,115 


131.84 


21, 300, 000 


14, 958 


132. 51 


3,940 


4.4 


3,114 


826 


368, 609 


118.4 


85,820 


103.9 


38, 042, 000 


12. 216 


103.20 


12, 908, 000 


15, 627 


150.41 


2,963 


3.3 


2,221 


742 


257, 873 


116.1 


85, 835 


115.7 


28, 027, 000 


12,619 


108. 69 


9, 385, 000 


12,648 


109.34 


5,668 


6.4 


4,231 


1,437 


488,547 


115.5 


174, 620 


121.5 


31,239,000 


7,383 


63.94 


16, 388, 000 


11,404 


93.85 


238, 572 


100.0 


175,617 


62, 955 


18, 044, 714 


102.8 


7, 052, 448 


112.0 


3,087,145,000 


17, 579 


171.08 


1,370,335.000 


21, 767 


194.31 


31,971 


13.4 


23,883 


8,088 


2, 585, 434 


108.3 


978, 876 


121.0 


594, 493, 000 


24. 892 


229. 94 


247,413,000 


30, 590 


252. 75 


46. 926 


19.7 


34, 779 


12,147 


3, 690, 719 


106.1 


1,408,941 


116.0 


679,411,000 


19, 535 


184. 09 


307, 769, 000 


25, 337 


218.44 


45, 571 


19.1 


31,896 


13. 675 


3, 633, 921 


113.9 


1, 527, 510 


111.7 


614,878,000 


19, 278 


169. 21 


316,792,000 


23, 166 


207. 39 


38, 480 


16.1 


27, 737 


10, 743 


2, 874, 607 


103.6 


1,200,815 


111.8 


473, 582, 000 


17, 074 


164.75 


220, 672, 000 


20,541 


183.77 


28,345 


11.9 


22.123 


6,222 


1, 929, 040 


87.2 


653, 025 


105.0 


289, 277, 000 


13, 076 


149. 96 


107, 245, 000 


17,236 


164.23 


18, 632 


7.8 


14, 329 


4,303 


1, 340, 208 


93.5 


462, 116 


107.4 


199, 579, 000 


13, 92S 


148. 92 


70, 446, 000 


16,371 


152.44 


11,222 


4.7 


8,092 


3,130 


706, 887 


87.4 


321, 877 


102.8 


95, 60S, 000 


11,815 


135. 25 


42, 688, 000 


13, 638 


132. 62 


7,625 


3.2 


5,779 


1,740 


512,575 


88.7 


187, 231 


107.2 


67, 751, 000 


11,724 


132. 18 


28, 093, 000 


16,090 


150.04 


9,900 


4.1 


6,999 


2,901 


771, 323 


110.2 


312, 057 


107.6 


72, 566, 000 


10, 368 


94.08 


29, 217, 000 


10, 071 


93.63 


273, 601 


100.0 


171,282 


102,319 


35, 343, 438 


206.3 


31,928,095 


312.0 


3, 545, 296, 000 


20, 699 


100. 81 


2, 295, 835, 000 


22, 438 


71.91 


34, 403 


12.6 


22, 249 


12,154 


5, 201, 655 


233.8 


6,036,611 


496.7 


565, 543, 000 


25,419 


108. 72 


397, 004, 000 


32,664 


65.77 


57, 166 


20.9 


35, 376 


21, 790 


8, 373, 812 


236.7 


7. 643, 465 


350.8 


874, 792, 000 


24, 728 


104. 47 


571, 519, 000 


26, 228 


74.77 


59, 555 


21.8 


37, 406 


22, 149 


8, 272, 944 


221.2 


6, 162, 428 


278.2 


796, 714, 000 


21, 299 


96.30 


506, 868. 000 


22,884 


82.25 


45,188 


16.5 


27, 774 


17,414 


5,280,417 


190.1 


5, 152, 502 


295.9 


569, 364, 000 


20,500 


107.83 


362, 985, 000 


20,844 


70.45 


28,888 


10.6 


17,637 


11, 251 


3, 140, 263 


178.0 


3, 036, 011 


269.8 


299, 900, 000 


17,004 


95.50 


220, 064, 000 


19,560 


72.48 


19, 669 


7.2 


12, 466 


7,203 


2, 245, 488 


180.1 


1,424,419 


197.8 


189, 577, 000 


15, 208 


84.43 


109, 706, 000 


15,231 


77.02 


11, 737 


4.3 


7,446 


4,291 


1,164,774 


156.4 


1.196,035 


278.7 


114,733,000 


15, 409 


98.50 


62,711,000 


14, 615 


52.43 


7,645 


2.8 


6,026 


2,619 


718, 503 


143.0 


457, 798 


174.8 


64, 529, 000 


12,839 


89.81 


30, 637, 000 


11, 698 


66.92 


9,350 


3.4 


5,902 


3,448 


945, 582 


160.2 


818, 826 


237.5 


70, 144, 000 


11,885 


74.18 


34, 341, 000 


9,960 


41.94 


170, 837 


100.0 


128, 398 


42,439 


16, 526, 121 


128.7 


5, 276, 882 


124.3 


2, 072, 639, 000 


16, 142 


125.41 


880,613,000 


14, 859 


119,61 


29, 697 


17.4 


24, 158 


5,539 


4, 088, 808 


169.3 


918, 909 


165.9 


500, 203, 000 


20, 705 


122.33 


127, 375, 000 


22, 996 


13S. 62 


35, 558 


20.8 


27,640 


7,918 


3,841,468 


139.0 


1,147,030 


144.9 


597, 521, 000 


21,618 


155. 54 


136,180,000 


17,199 


118.72 


30, 566 


17.9 


22. 662 


7,904 


3, 105, 401 


137.0 


964, 910 


122.1 


322, 070, 000 


14,212 


103. 71 


121, 374, 000 


15, 356 


125. 79 


22, 438 


13.1 


16,289 


6,149 


2, 116, 354 


129.9 


713, 507 


116.0 


277, 221, 000 


17, 019 


130. 99 


88, 769, 000 


14, 436 


124.41 


17, 149 


10.0 


12,392 


4,757 


1, 229, 840 


99.2 


544,792 


114.5 


157,760,000 


12,731 


128.28 


61,272,000 


12,880 


112.47 


12, 601 


7.4 


9,090 


3,511 


743, 866 


81.8 


451, 296 


128.5 


82, 889, 000 


9,119 


111.43 


45, 319, 000 


12,908 


100.42 


9,474 


5.5 


6,884 


2,590 


624, 050 


90.7 


226, 871 


87.6 


67, 238, 000 


9,767 


107. 74 


21, 230, 000 


8.197 


93.58 


4,582 


2.7 


3,281 


1,301 


245, 298 


74.8 


110, 729 


85.1 


26, 588, 000 


8,104 


108. 39 


9, 448, 000 


7,262 


85.33 


8,772 


6.1 


6,002 


2,770 


531,036 


88.5 


198, 788 


71.8 


41,049,000 


6,839 


77.30 


19, 646, 000 


7,092 


98.83 



United States 

Under 10 percent.— 

10 to 19 percent 

20 to 29 percent 

30 to 39 percent 

40 to 49 percent 

50 to 59 percent 

60 to 69 percent 

70 to 79 percent 

80 percent and over 



GEOGRAPHIC DIVISIONS 

New England 

Under 10 percent 

10 to 19 percent- 

20 to 29 percent 

30 to 39 percent- _ 

40 to 49 percent 

50 to 59 percent 

60 to 69 percent _ 

70 to 79 percent- _- 

80 percent and over 

Middle Atlantic 

Under 10 percent 

10 to 19 percent 

20 to 29 percent _ 

30 to 39 percent- 

40 to 49 percent 

50 to 59 percent _ 

60 to 69 percent.- 

70 to 79 percent 

80 percent and over 

East North Central- 

Under 10 percent 

10 to 19 percent 

20 to 29 percent 

30 to 39 percent 

40 to 49 percent 

60 to 59 percent 

60 to 09 percent 

70 to 79 percent 

80 percent and over 

West North Central 

Under 10 percent _ 

10 to 19 percent 

20 to 29 percent 

30 to 39 percent 

40 to 49 percent- 

50 to 59 percent 

60 to 69 percent 

70 to 79 percent 

80 percent and over 

South Atlantic 

Under 10 percent 

10 to 19 percent 

20 to 29 percent 

30 to 39 percent 

40 to 49 percent _ 

50 to 59 percent _- 

60 to 69 percent 

70 to 79 percent.. 

80 percent and over 



FARM-MORTGAGE DEBT 



73 



Table 13. — Number, Acreage, and Value of Mortgaged Farms Operated by Full Owners and Part Owners, Classified by 
Ratio of Debt to Value, by Geographic Divisions: 1956 — Continued 

[Data for part owners relate only to owned portion. See text] 





Number of mortgaged farms 
operated by their owners 


Land In mortgaged tarms (acres) oper- 
ated by- 


Value of land and buildings (dollars) for mortgaged farms 
ated by- 


oper- 


Geographic division and ratio 


Total 


Per- 
cent 
distri- 
bution 


Operated by- 


Full owners 


Part owners 


Full owners 


Part owners 




Full 
owners 


Part 

owners 


Total 


Aver- 
age per 
farm 


Total 


Aver- 
age per 
farm 


Total 


Aver- 
age per 
farm 


Aver- 
age per 
acre 


Total 


Aver- 
age per 
farm 


Aver- 

ageper 
acre 


GEOGRAPHIC DIVI- 
SIONS— Continued 


149,427 
20, 865 
28, 082 
29,009 
22, 862 

14,616 
11,608 
7,891 
4,874 
9,721 

152, 380 
24,916 
33,017 
27,416 
21,430 

13, 744 

13, 501 
6,547 
4,322 
7,497 

68, 513 
9,843 
14,611 
14, 258 
9,495 

7,352 
4,542 
2,990 
2,349 
3,073 

100, 576 

14. 708 
22,223 
20,338 
13,243 

9,655 
8,673 
4,942 
3,471 
3,323 


100.0 
14.0 
18.8 
19.4 
15.3 

9.8 
7.7 
5.3 
3.3 
6.5 

100.0 
16.4 
21.7 
18.0 
14.1 

9.0 
8.9 
4.3 
2.8 
4.9 

100.0 
14.4 
21.3 
20.8 
13.9 

10.7 
6.6 
4.4 
3.4 
4.5 

100.0 
14.6 
22.1 
20.2 
13.2 

9.6 
8.6 
4.9 
3.5 
3.3 


109,361 
16,346 
20, 676 
21,841 
16,623 

10, 477 
7,718 
5,619 
3,662 
6,389 

101,470 
16,791 
22,218 
17, 682 
14, 038 

8,685 
9,772 
4,507 
2,582 
5,195 

43,938 
6,170 
9.100 
8,961 
6,125 

5,195 
2,974 
1,746 
1,681 
1,986 

81,800 
11,652 
17, 578 
16, 675 
10, 518 

7,687 
7,549 
4,236 
2,948 
2,757 


40, 076 
4,519 
7.406 
7,168 
6,239 

4,138 
3,790 
2,272 
1,212 
3,332 

50, 920 
8,125 

10, 799 
9.734 
7,392 

6,059 
3,729 
2,040 
1,740 
2,302 

24, 575 
3,673 
5, 511 
5,297 
3,370 

2,157 
1,668 
1,244 
668 
1,087 

18,976 
3,056 
4,645 
3,663 
2,725 

1,968 

1,124 

706 

523 

566 


12,316,501 
1,892,301 
2, 358, 071 
2,619,389 
1,943,102 

1, 216, 185 
752, 868 
601,710 
393, 078 
539, 797 

26, 002, 361 
7, 337, 187 
6,117,256 
4, 308, 318 
3, 055, 607 

1,317,352 

1, 635, 379 
1,166,301 

397, 428 
667, 533 

20, 018, 776 

3, 704, 539 

4, 767, 568 
3, 907, 952 

2, 566, 173 

2, 047, 342 

1,615,919 

571,241 

276, 558 

561, 484 

10,280,061 
1,425,261 
2, 202, 195 
1,738,110 
2, 154, 169 

514, 496 
1, 059, 791 
764, 728 
196, 562 
224, 739 


112.6 
115.8 
114.0 
119.9 
116.9 

116.1 
97.6 
107.1 
107.3 
84.5 

256.3 
437.0 
275. 3 
243.7 
217.7 

151.7 
167.4 
258.8 
153.9 
128.5 

455.6 

600.4 
523.9 
436.1 
419.0 

394.1 
543.3 
327.2 
164.5 
282.7 

126.0 
122.3 
125.3 
104.2 
204.8 

66.9 
140.4 
180.5 
66.7 
81. 5 


4,457,449 
586, 879 
927, 249 
808, 868 
680,617 

445, 185 
402, 349 
255, 695 
88,011 
262, 696 

17, 373, 356 
3, 971, 873 

4, 679, 935 
3,168,112 
1, 987, 130 

1, 202, 793 
843,711 
385, 043 
815,496 
319, 257 

37, 797, 922 
7,176,278 
8, 369, 546 
9,225,171 

5, 244, 504 

3, 476, 869 

1, 267, 022 

1,520,468 

788, 610 

729, 454 

9,446,475 
3, 022, 736 
1, 893, 924 
1, 967, 002 
1, 223, 536 

671,916 
261, 524 
240, 520 
74, 364 
90, 963 


111.2 

129.9 
125.2 
112.8 
109.1 

107.6 
106.2 
112.5 
72.6 
78.8 

341.2 

488.8 
433.4 
325.5 
268.8 

237.8 
226.3 
188.7 
468.7 
138.7 

1,538.1 
1,953.8 
1,518.7 
1,741.6 
1, 556. 2 

1,611.9 

808.0 

1,222.2 

1,180.6 

671.1 

497.8 
989.1 
407.7 
537.0 
449.0 

341.4 
232.7 
340.7 
142.2 
160.7 


1,124,523,000 
200, 828, 000 
229, 534, 000 
244,061,000 
179, 856, 000 

105, 149, 000 
00, 628, 000 
44, 327, 000 
24, 634, 000 
35, 506, 000 

2, 031, 676, 000 
565, 050, 000 
521, 653, 000 
362, 178, 000 
256, 550, 000 

123, 069, 000 

02. 2S0. 000 
46,251,000 
29,811,000 
34, S2S, 000 

1,357,442,000 
241, 653, 000 
366,519,000 
284,611,000 
165, 669, 000 

125,497,000 
70, 0S7, 000 
40, 060, 000 
30,174,000 
33, 172, 000 

2, 797, 582, 000 
595, 626, 000 
710, 004, 000 
578, 304, 000 
334, 364, 000 

173,359,000 
211,686,000 
108,691,000 
43,711,000 
41,837,000 


10, 284 
12, 286 
11,101 
11,174 
10, 820 

10, 036 
7,855 
7,889 
0,727 
5,657 

20. 022 

33, (152 
23, 179 
20, 183 
18, 275 

14, 170 
9,444 
10, 262 
11,546 
6,704 

30, 894 

39. 166 

40, 277 
31,761 
27, 048 

24,157 
23, 567 
22, 944 
17,950 
16, 703 

34, 284 
51,118 
40. 392 

34, 681 

31, 790 

22, 552 
28.042 
25, 659 
14, 827 
15, 175 


91.30 

106.13 
97.34 
93.17 
92.66 

86.46 
80.53 
73,67 
62.67 
65.78 

78.13 
77.01 
85.28 
84.06 
83.96 

93.42 

56.43 
39.66 
75.01 
52.17 

67.81 
65.23 
76.88 
72.83 
64.56 

61.30 
43.37 
70.13 
109.11 
59.08 

272. 14 
417.91 
322. 41 
332. 71 
155. 22 

336. 95 
199. 74 
142. 13 
222. 38 
186. 16 


433, 683, 000 
66,601,000 
84, 932, 000 
88, 409, 000 
70, 264, 000 

42, 097, 000 
35, 935, 000 
17,958,000 
8, 745, 000 
18,842,000 

1, 363, 850, 000 
330, 709, 000 
340, 043, 000 
276,915,000 
165,240,000 

98, 432, 000 
02, 528, 000 
30, 862, 000 
29, 222, 000 
19, 899, 000 

1,224,848,000 
267, 867, 000 
299, 956, 000 
280, 578, 000 
159, 547, 000 

87, 844, 000 
45, 645, 000 
44, 503, 000 
18,474,000 
20, 432, 000 

1, 202, 429. 000 
366, 676, 000 
355,109,000 
208, 760. 000 
125, 483, 000 

72, 444, 000 
30, 635, 000 
17, 893, 000 
14, 338, 000 
11,091,000 


10, 822 
14,716 
11,468 
12, 334 
11,262 

10, 173 
9,482 
7,904 
7,215 
5,656 

26, 588 
40, 703 
31,488 
28, 448 
22,354 

19, 457 
16, 768 
15,128 
16, 794 
8,644 

49, 841 
72, 929 
54, 429 
52, 969 
47, 343 

40, 725 
29, 110 

35, 774 

27, 656 

18, 797 

63, 366 

119, osti 

76, 450 
56, 992 
46,049 

36,811 
27, 255 
25. 344 
27,415 

19, 595 


97.29 




113.31 




91.60 




109. 30 




103.24 




94.56 




89.31 




70.23 




99.30 




71.75 




77.93 




83.26 




72.65 




87.46 




83.11 




81.84 




74.11 




80.15 




35.83 




62.33 




32.41 




37.33 




35.84 




30.41 




30.42 




25.27 




36.03 




29.27 




23.43 




28.01 




127. 29 




121.31 




187. 50 




106. 13 




102. 50 




107. 82 




117.14 




74.39 




192. 81 




121. 94 







74 



FARM-MORTGAGE DEBT 



Table 14.— Farms Operated by Full Owners and by Part Owners, by Age of Operator, With Proportion Mortgaged, by 

Geographic Divisions: 1956, 1940, and 1930 

[Data for part owners relate only to owned portion of farm. See text] 





Total farms operated by full owners and 
part owners 


Farms operated by full owners 


Farms 


operated by part owners 


Geographic division and age 
of operator 


Number 


Percent 
mortgaged 


Number 


Percent mortgaged 


Number 


Percent 
mortgaged 




1956 


1940 


1956 


1940 


1956 


1940 


1930 


1956 


1940 


1930 


1956 


1940 


1956 


1940 




3, 612, 888 
330, 397 
773,644 
923, 108 
842,015 
691, 2S7 
52, 437 


3, 699, in 
380, 324 
668, 120 
950, 866 
859, 733 
693, 066 
147, 068 


35.4 
57.2 
48.8 
37.8 
27.6 
16.3 
34.1 


43.7 
48.6 
61.0 
48.9 
42.3 
29.9 
39.3 


2, 744, 708 
221, 131 
523, 422 
674, 104 
672, 646 
612, 715 
40,690 


3, 094, 138 
307, 578 
526, 140 
759, 354 
728,164 
636, 539 
126, 363 


2,911,644 
28S, 159 
576, 845 
747, 751 
678, 233 
517, 134 
103, 522 


33.1 

56.8 
48.4 
36.3 
26.4 
15.6 
31.2 


41.4 
47.3 
49.2 
46.8 
40.3 
28.5 
36.7 


42.3 
53.0 
53.8 
46.3 
37.3 
25.5 
39.6 


868, 180 
109, 266 
250, 222 
249,004 
169, 369 
78, 572 
11, 747 


615,099 
72, 746 
141, 980 
191, 512 
131, 569 
66, 627 
20,705 


42.4 

58.1 
49.6 
41.7 
32.3 
21.7 
44.2 
























Age not reported -- 


52.9 


GEOGRAPHIC DIVISIONS 


78, 756 
7,268 
16, 759 

18, 746 
17, 956 
17, 197 

830 

237, 923 
26, 505 
49, 821 
59, 366 
52, 667 
46,587 
2,977 

645, 030 
56, 053 
138, 770 
162, 968 
152. 741 
124, 667 
9,831 

658, 059 
66, 694 
143, 974 
173, 795 
160, 158 
114, 956 
8,482 

613, 238 
58, 813 
130, 694 
155, 090 
140, 784 
117, 267 
10, 590 

538, 270 
51, 952 
115,042 
132, 277 
115, 424 
115, 103 
S.412 

474, 734 
37, 367 
95, 394 
126, 035 
116, 198 
94, 393 
5,347 

151,110 

16, 375 
36,296 
39, 940 
33, 035 
23,183 
2,281 

215, 769 

19, 370 
46, 894 
54,891 
53, 052 
37, 874 

3,687 


123, 620 
10, 102 
19, 842 
30,388 
29, 528 

27, 832 
5,828 

293, 639 
24, 152 
49, 365 
76, 452 
71, 745 
59, 965 
11,960 

719, 905 
61,057 
123, 354 
189, 041 
175, 283 

142, 666 

28, 504 

623, 512 
55, 351 
112,005 
167, 495 
151,119 
115.674 
21,868 

683, 661 
67, 863 
107, 211 

143, 374 
129, 876 
109, 436 

25, 901 

509, 420 
65, 896 
97, 863 
123, 606 
109, 163 
93, 513 
18, 379 

462, 216 
52, 207 
86, 309 
114, 617 
101, 302 
79,629 
18, 152 

173, 772 
24, 420 
34, 530 
46, 814 
37, 354 
23,800 
6,854 

220, 532 
19, 276 
37,641 
59, 079 
64,363 
40, 551 
9,622 


44.0 

72.5 
59.8 
48.3 
35.1 
21.2 
44.2 

37.4 

62.5 
53.9 
39.2 
25.5 
16.0 
45.7 

37.0 
65.8 
54.1 
38.7 
26.1 
16.0 
36.9 

41.6 
65.5 
55.4 
43.2 
33.1 
21.6 
44.1 

27.9 
42.7 
38.5 
30.6 
22.8 
11.2 
25.3 

27.8 
44.4 
37.8 
30.0 
21.6 
14.0 
25.8 

32.1 
53.3 
44.6 
34. S 
25.9 
15.1 
32.0 

45.3 
64.0 
57.4 
48.3 
34.9 
23.8 
3S.5 

46. 6 

75.3 
60.6 
50.3 
39.5 
20.1 
36.9 


47.5 

59.2 
59.1 
55.5 
45.2 
30.2 
38.0 

42.7 
54.7 
54.1 
49.0 
39.3 
25.6 
38.5 

49.0 

69.8 
59.4 
54.7 
46.2 
32.1 
43.1 

57.7 
64.0 
65.9 
62.4 
56.1 
42.3 
52.5 

30.4 
34.1 
35.1 
34.1 
29.2 
20.6 
28.4 

34. 2 
38.6 
39.0 
37.8 
32.8 
23.3 
33.6 

38.2 
41.9 
44.0 
42.0 
36.9 
26. 3 
35.8 

47.5 
43.7 
51.2 
52.7 
48.5 
34.7 
43.9 

51.4 
60.8 
60.9 
56.5 
48.3 
36.1 
44.8 


64, 889 
5,467 

13, 319 
15, 279 

14, 990 
15,120 

714 

195, 711 
20,137 
39, 443 
48,297 
43, 745 
41, 766 
2,323 

492, 161 
36, 699 
94,849 
120, 496 
122, 254 
110,462 
7,401 

436, 701 
28,475 
78, 984 

100, 345 
118,718 

98, 482 
5,697 

497, 734 
43, 487 
97,205 
122, 472 
119,005 
106, 598 
8,967 

428, 840 

35, 237 
SI, 198 

101, 561 
95, 718 

105, 205 
6,921 

346, 652 
24,105 
59, 477 

88, 869 

89, 347 
83,111 

3, 743 

101, 177 

9,087 
22,540 
25, 783 
23.645 
17. 827 

1,695 

178, 843 
14,837 

36. 407 
45, 002 
45, 224 
34, 144 

3,229 


116,459 
9,426 
18, 390 
28,394 
27, 855 
26, 819 
5,575 

269, 199 
21, 806 
44,210 
68, 947 
66,129 
57, 119 
10,988 

605, 092 
49,686 
97, 877 
151, 703 
149, 542 
131, 765 
24, 519 

447, 208 
37,363 
70, 794 
109, 883 
112, 104 
100, 130 
16, 934 

519, 108 
59, 096 
92,498 
124,819 
116, 498 
102, 883 
23, 314 

447, 286 
55, 958 
82, 682 

106, 308 
97, 750 
88,224 
16,364 

361.296 
40,092 
63, 982 
87, 345 
83,019 
72, 009 
14,849 

128.268 
18,286 
24,649 
32,386 
27, 658 
20,018 
5,271 

190, 222 
15, 865 
31.05S 
49, 569 
47, 609 
37, 572 
8,549 


107, 300 
8,962 
19, 753 
26,295 
25,582 
21, 561 
5,147 

276, 193 
24, 243 
56,215 
71,735 
64,582 
49, 462 
11,956 

570. 680 
44,708 
110, 145 
146, 157 
140, 674 
109, 261 
19, 715 

457, 770 
39, 116 
87, 677 
118, 661 
114.096 
84, 761 
13,459 

467. 100 
50,704 
92, 760 
121, 470 
105, 311 
81, 574 
15, 275 

397, 594 
50,119 
80, 010 

101, 452 
86, 766 
68, 177 
11, 070 

325, 989 
39,491 
66, 066 
83,376 
73,502 
52, 975 
10, 579 

130, 287 
17, 173 
29, 621 
32, 392 
26. 112 
17, 765 
7,224 

176, 751 
13, 643 
34, 592 
46, 213 
41, 608 
31, 598 
9,097 


42.0 

72.3 
68.3 
46.7 
33.8 
20.1 
41.2 

35.9 
69.9 
54.2 
38. 2 
24.5 
16.1 
44.3 

35.7 
67.9 
55.7 
38.9 
25.5 
15.5 
36.6 

39.2 
68.9 
56.1 
42.6 
32.3 
21.4 
45.4 

26.8 
41.3 
36.9 
28.8 
21.8 
10.5 
23.1 

25.6 
44.0 
36.7 
27.4 
20.1 
13.5 
20.5 

29.1 
52.3 
43.6 
32.9 
23.7 
13.9 
24.8 

43.4 
64.1 
67.7 
47.4 
33.3 
22.5 
37.3 

45.6 
77.2 
60.9 
49.8 
39.7 
19.3 
32.4 


48.8 
68.7 
68.8 
54.9 
44.7 
29.8 
37.2 

41.9 
54.1 
53.5 
48.3 
38.8 
23.2 
37.2 

47.6 
59.7 
59.3 
53.9 
45.0 
31.0 
40.7 

53.8 
63.8 
64.1 
69.1 
52.5 
39.6 
47.3 

29.9 

34.0 
34.7 
33.6 
28.7 
20.1 
27.5 

33.7 
38.4 
38.6 
37.2 
32.3 
22.9 
32.9 

35.5 
40.0 
41.1 
39.3 
34.8 
25.0 
32.9 

42.7 
38.9 
40.7 
48.1 
44.5 
31.7 
38.9 

49.7 
59.7 
59.7 
54.9 
46.9 
35.1 
42.6 


45.3 
65.0 
63.4 
51.5 
37.4 
23.8 
38.3 

42.0 
62.3 
58.2 
45.8 
32.5 
21.0 
38.7 

46.6 
66.6 
62.6 
51.3 
39.4 
26.4 
42.8 

52.6 
66.6 
65.5 
66.7 
47.5 
34.2 
49.2 

28.9 
34.0 
35.6 
32.0 
26.2 
17.3 
25.8 

33.2 
40.5 
40.8 
36.5 
29.6 
19.5 
30.4 

41.8 
60.6 
50.4 
44.8 
37.5 
25.8 
40.8 

47.7 
50.0 
55.4 
62.3 
4-4.3 
33.2 
44.7 

63.1 
67.4 
65.3 
57.1 
47.2 
36.4 
49.4 


13, 867 
1,801 
3,440 
3,467 
2,966 
2,077 
116 

42.212 
6,368 
10, 378 
11,069 
8,922 
4,821 
654 

152, 869 
19,354 
43, 921 
42, 472 
30, 487 
14,205 
2,430 

221,358 
2S.219 
64,990 
67,450 
41,440 
16, 474 
2,785 

115, 504 
15, 326 
33,489 
32, 618 
21, 779 
10, 669 
1,623 

109, 430 
13, 715 
33,844 
30, 716 
19, 706 
9,958 
1,491 

126, 032 
13, 262 
35, 817 
37, 166 
26, 851 
11,282 
1,604 

49, 933 
6,688 
13, 756 
14, 157 
9,390 
5,356 
586 

36, 925 
4,533 

10,487 
9,889 
7,828 
3,730 
458 


7,061 
676 
1,452 
1,994 
1,673 
1,013 
253 

24,440 
2,346 
5,155 
7,505 
5, 616 
2,846 
972 

114, 813 
11,371 
25, 477 
37, 338 
25, 741 
10,901 
3, 985 

176, 304 
17,988 
41,211 
57, 612 
39,015 
15,544 
4,934 

64, 653 
8,767 
14, 713 
18, 555 
13, 378 
6,553 
2,587 

61,134 
9,938 
15, 181 
17,298 
11,413 
5,289 
2,015 

90, 920 
12, 115 
22, 327 
27, 272 
18,283 
7,620 
3,303 

45,504 
6,134 
9,881 

14, 428 
9,696 
3,782 
1,683 

30, 310 
3,411 
6,583 
9,510 
0,754 
2,979 
1,073 


53.6 

72.8 
65.9 
55.4 
41.4 
29.8 
62.9 

44.0 

70.6 
52.9 
43.8 
30.2 
15.1 
50.9 

41.2 
61.8 
50.6 
38.3 
28.7 
20.1 
38.0 

46.2 

62.6 
54.6 
44.1 
35.3 
22.8 
41.6 

36.7 

46.7 
42.9 
37.4 
28.4 
18.1 
37.2 

38.3 

45.6 
40.3 
38.6 
28.7 
19.4 
50.4 

40.4 
55.1 
46.3 
39.4 
33.0 
24.0 
48.9 

49.2 
64.0 
56.8 
49.9 
39.0 
28.1 
41.8 

51.4 

69.3 
59.6 
53.0 
38.5 
27.4 
68.8 


58.0 








63.6 














Age not reported 


53.1 
51.8 








59.5 




54.6 




45.7 




35.9 








58.1 




60.3 


35 to 44 years - 


59.7 
68.1 




53.3 




44.4 




55.2 




67.0 




66.4 




68.9 




68.6 




66.5 




69.2 




66.2 




35.1 




34.9 




37.5 




37.7 




32.9 




27.4 




35.2 




99.4 


Under 35 years 


39.7 
41.4 




41.3 




37.8 




29.7 


Age not reported 


39.3 
48.6 




48.3 




52.2 




50.5 




46.7 




39.0 




47.1 




60.1 




57.8 




62.3 




62.8 




58.6 




60.0 




68.5 




81.8 




65.9 




66.6 




64.5 




58.2 




47.8 




69.0 







FARM-MORTGAGE DEBT 



75 



Table 15. 



-Number, Acreage, Value, and Amount of Mortgage Debt for Mortgaged Farms Operated by Full Owners, 
by Age of Operator, by Geographic Divisions: 1956 



Geographic division and age 
of operator 



United States 

Under 35 years 

35 to 44 years 

45 to 54 years 

55 to 64 years 

65 years and over.. 
Age not reported.. 



GEOGRAPHIC DIVISIONS 



New England 

Under 35 years 

35 to 44 years 

45 to 54 yeais 

55 to 64 years 

65 years and over- 
Age not reported.. 



Middle Atlantic 

Under 35 years 

35 to 44 years 

45 to 54 years 

55 to 64 years 

65 years and over . 
Age not reported. 



East North Central 

Under 35 years 

35 to 44 years 

45 to 54 years 

55 to 64 years 

65 years and over. . 
Age not reported. . 



West North Central.... 

Under 35 years 

35 to 44 years 

45 to 54 years 

55 to 64 years 

65 years and over - 
Age not reported.. 



South Atlantic 

Under 35 years 

35 to 44 years 

45 to 54 years. 

55 to 64 years 

65 years and over. 
Age not reported.. 

East South Central 

Under 35 years 

35 to 44 years 

45 to 54 years 

55 to 64 years 

65 years and ovcr. 
Age not reported. . 

West South Central 

Under 35 years 

35 to 44 years 

45 to 54 years 

55 to 64 years 

65 years and over. . 
Age not reported. . 

Mountain 

Under 35 years 

35 to 44 years 

45 to 54 years 

55 to 64 years 

65 years and over.. 
Age not reported.. 

Pacific 

Under 35 years 

35 to 44 years 

45 to 54 years 

55 to 64 years 

S5 years and over.. 
Age not reported.. 



Number of 

mortgaged 

farms 



909, 239 
125. 578 
253. 138 
244, 704 
177,520 
95,584 
12,715 



7, 135 
6, 065 
3, 033 



IS. 42s 
10, 721 
6,718 
1,028 

175,617 
24,911 
.'.2, S5S 
46,888 
31, 120 
17,134 
2,706 



171, 282 

19,612 
44.330 
45,253 
38, 399 
21.102 
2,586 

128, 398 
17,957 
35, 890 
35, 322 
25, 957 
11.192 
2,074 

109,351 
16,817 
29,809 
27,841 
19. 224 
14,241 
1,419 

101, 470 
12,599 
25, 933 
29,224 
21.217 
11,569 



43,938 
6,206 
13, 001 
12,220 
7,867 
4,011 
633 

81,600 

11,453 
22,173 
22, 393 
17, 950 
6,584 
1,047 



27.8 
26.9 
19.5 
10. 5 



100.0 

14.5 
28.5 



1.1 

100.0 
17.2 
30.4 
26.2 
15.2 
9.6 
1.6 

100.0 
14.2 
30.1 
26.7 



1.5 

100.0 
11.5 

25.9 
26.4 
22.4 
12.3 
1.5 

100.0 
14.0 
28.0 



1.6 

100.0 
15.4 
27.3 
25.5 
17.6 
13.0 
1.8 

100.0 
12.4 
25.6 

28.8 



1.4 

100.0 
14.0 
27.2 
27.4 
22.0 
8.1 
1.3 



Land in mortgaged farms 



149.110,659 
15, 359, 200 
38, 232, 918 
40, 230, 001 
34, 467. 463 
16, 232, 800 
4, 588, 277 



885, 568 
651, 310 
342. 882 
79,919 

7,352,091 
1,191,191 
2,163,054 
1,982,888 
1,171,856 
665, 906 
177, 196 

18, 044. 714 
2, 193, 265 

4, 677, 977 
4, 979, 296 
3, 727, 590 
1,964,423 

502,163 

35, 343, 438 
3. 438, 485 
9, 743. 291 
9,527,194 
7, 829, 290 
3, 900, 243 
904, 935 

16, 526, 121 

1,427,060 
4,161.839 
4, 752, 527 
4. 288, 465 
1,330,986 
565, 244 

12, 316, 501 
1, 608. 667 
2,926,145 
3, 073. 572 
2, 636. 089 
1,831,815 
340, 213 

26, 002, 361 
2,191,917 
5,641,155 
6,072,377 
8,143.082 
3,121,573 
832, 257 

20,018,776 
1.776,533 
5, 894, 433 

5, 329, 379 
3, 994, 043 
2,146,584 

877, 804 

10,280.051 
1,095,041 
2, 195, 138 
3, 627, 200 
2, 125, 738 
928, 388 
308,646 



100.0 
13.6 
25.7 
27.4 
20.2 
10.6 
2.5 

100.0 
16.2 
29.4 
27.0 
15.9 
9.1 
2.4 

100.0 
12.2 
25.9 



27.6 
27.0 
22.2 
11.0 



25 2 
28. S 
25.9 



23.8 
25 
20.6 
14.9 



21.7 
23.4 
31.3 
12.0 



29.4 
26.6 
20.0 
10.7 
4.4 

100.0 
10.7 
21.4 
35.3 
20.7 
9.0 
3.0 



Aver- 
age per 

farm 
(acres) 



164.0 
122.3 
151.0 
164.4 
194.2 
169.8 
315(1 'J 



118.4 
110.5 
106. 9 
124.1 
128.6 
113.1 
271.8 

104.5 
98.7 
101.2 
107.6 
109.3 
99.1 
172.4 



106.2 
119.8 
114.7 
185.6 

206.3 
175. 3 
219.8 
210.5 
203.9 
184.8 
349.9 

128.7 
79.5 
115.9 
134.5 
165. 2 
118.9 
272.5 



110.4 
131.9 
128.6 
239.8 

256.3 
174.0 
217.5 
207.8 



455.6 
2si;. 3 
453.4 
436.1 
507.7 
535.2 
1,386.7 

126.0 

95.6 
99.0 
162.0 
118.4 
141.0 



Value of land and buildings for mort- 
gaged farms 



17, 625, 598. 000 
1,922.693.000 
4, 604, 745, 000 
4, 958, 927, 000 
3, 729, 879, 000 
1, 710, 583, 000 
698, 771, 000 



443, 370, 000 
65.697,000 
116.402,000 
124, 532. 000 
79. 364, 000 
44,411,000 
12, 964, 000 

1. 166, 025, 000 
152,308,000 
350, 331, 000 
314,928,000 
204. 590, 000 
118,435,000 
25, 433, 000 

3, 087, 145, 000 
380, 408. 000 
849, 469, 000 
853, 297. 000 
630, 420, 000 
272, 808, 000 
100, 743, 000 

3, 545. 298, 000 
320. 542. 000 
929,711,000 

1, 038. 547, 000 
812.097,000 
360, 468, 000 
83,931,000 

2, 072, 539. 000 
194, 297. 000 
529, 472, 000 
528. 240, 000 
441.901,000 
251,429,000 
127, 200, 000 

1, 124, 523, 000 
160,268,000 
286, 059, 000 
301,148,000 
206. 368. 000 
130. 907, 000 
39, 773, 000 

2, 031, 676, 000 
180, 226. 000 
472.479,000 
568,107,000 
510,796,000 
201,919,000 
98, 149, 000 

1, 357, 442, 000 
163,681,000 
356. 957, 000 
360,621,000 
257, 428. 000 
118,113,000 
100,642.000 

2,797,682,000 
305, 266. 000 
713,865,000 
869,507,000 
586.915,000 
212,093,000 
109,936,000 



Per- 
cent 
dis- 
tribu- 
tion 



100.0 
10.9 
26.1 
28.1 
21.2 
9.7 
4.0 



100.0 
14.8 
26.3 



2.9 

100.0 
13.1 
30.0 
27.0 
17.6 
10.2 
2.2 



27.5 
27.6 
2(1.4 



26.2 
29 3 
22.9 
10.2 



6.1 

100.0 
14.3 
25.4 
26.8 
18.4 
11.6 
3.5 



23. 3 
28.0 

25. 1 



26.3 
26.6 
19.0 
8.7 
7.4 

100.0 
10 9 
25.5 
31.1 
21.0 
7.6 
3.9 



Averago value 
(dollars) 



19.385 
15.311 
18, 191 
20, 26.5 
21,011 
17,896 
54, 950 



16,275 
16,615 
14.998 
17,454 
15,069 
14,643 
44,095 

16, 577 
12,620 

16, 388 
17,090 
19.083 
17,630 
24,740 

17, 579 
15,271 
16,071 
18.199 
20, 25S 
15,922 
37,229 

20, 699 
16,344 
20, 973 
22.950 
21. 149 
17,082 
32, 456 

16. 142 

10,820 
14,750 
14,955 
17,024 
22. 465 
61,331 

10, 284 
9,530 
9,596 

10,817 

10, 735 
9,192 

28 029 

20, 022 
14,305 
18,219 
19, 440 
24. 075 
17,453 
105, 764 

30, 894 
26, 375 
27, 456 
29. 51 1 
32, 723 
29,447 
158, 992 

34. 284 
26,654 
32, 195 
38,829 
32, 697 
32,213 
105, 001 



118.20 
125. 18 
120. 44 

m. 26 

108. 21 
105. 38 
152.29 



137. 41 

150.32 
140. 26 
140. 62 
121.85 
129.52 
162. 21 

153.60 
127. 86 
161.96 
158.82 
174.59 
177. 86 
143.53 

171.08 
173.44 
181.59 
171.37 
169. 12 
138.87 
200.62 

100. 31 
93.22 
95.42 
109.01 
103.73 
92.42 
92.75 

125. 41 
136. 15 
127.22 
111.15 
103. 04 
188.90 
225.04 

91.30 
99.63 
97.76 
97.98 
81.37 
71.46 

116. 91 

78.13 
82.22 
83.76 
93.56 
62.73 
64.69 

117. 93 

67.81 
92.14 
60.66 
67.67 
64.45 
65.02 
114.65 

272. 14 

278. 77 
325. 20 
239. 72 
276. 10 
228. 45 
356. 30 



Amount of mortgage debt 



4,719,920,000 
736, 652, 000 
1,441,426,000 
1,246,017,000 
811,008,000 
348, 506, 000 
136,311,000 



133, 392, 000 
27. 421, 000 
37,760,000 
35, 636. 000 
21,005,000 
8, 369, 000 
3,201,000 

341,605,000 
61,251,000 

115,344,000 
85, 004, 000 
47,869,000 
26, 050. 000 
6, 087, 000 

863,576,000 
153,282,000 
280.612,000 
224,042,000 
126, 399, 000 
53, 806, 000 
25,434,000 

971.342,000 
126, 456, 000 
311.57S,000 
260,968,000 
176,064,000 
73, 944, 000 
22, 332, 000 

608, 481, 000 
70, 107, 000 
157,677,000 
126,064,000 
91,632,000 
44. 270, 000 
18,731,000 

337, 465, 000 
66, 203, 000 
91.929,000 
84. 305. 000 
53. 823, 000 
30, 333, 000 
10,872,000 

459, 324, 000 
60, 359, 000 
127, 835, 000 
125,288.000 
96,522,000 
39, 742, 000 
9,578,000 

359, 047. 000 
64, 366, 000 

111,039,000 
86,951,000 
68,215,000 
26,156,000 
12,320,000 

745, 689, 000 
107. 207. 000 
207,652,000 
217,759,000 
139.479,000 
45, 836, 000 
27, 756, 000 



Per- 
cent 
dis- 
tribu- 
tion 



100.0 
15.6 
30.5 
26.4 
17.2 
7.4 
2.9 



100.0 
20.6 
28.3 
26.7 
15.7 
6.3 
2.4 

100.0 
17.9 
33.8 
24.9 
14.0 
7.6 
1.8 

100.0 
17.7 
32.5 
25.9 
14.6 
6.2 
2.9 

ioo.o 

13.0 
32.1 
26.9 
18.1 
7.6 
2.3 



31.0 
24.8 
18.0 



3.2 

IOO.O 
13.1 
27.8 
27.3 
21.0 



2.1 



3.4 

100.0 
14.4 
27. S 
29.2 
18.7 
6.1 
3.7 



Average debt 
(dollars) 



6.191 
5, 806 
5. 694 
5, 092 
4, 569 
3,646 
10,720 



4,897 
6, 935 
4,865 
4, 995 
4,147 
2.759 
10,888 

4,856 
5.075 
5,396 
4,613 
4, 465 
3.878 
5,921 

4.917 
6,153 
5.309 
4,778 
4. 062 
3,140 



6.671 
6,448 
7,029 
5,767 
4, 585 
3,501 
8,636 

3.960 
3, 904 
4, 393 
3. 569 
3, 530 
3,956 
9,031 

3,086 
3, 937 
3.0S4 
3.028 
2,800 
2,130 
7,662 

4.527 
4,791 
4,929 
4,287 
4,549 
3,435 
10. 321 

8.172 
10,372 
8,541 
7,115 
7,400 
6,521 
19,463 

9,138 
9,361 
9,365 
9,724 
7,770 
6,962 
26, 510 



31.05 
47. 96 
37.70 
30.97 
23. 53 
21.47 
29.71 



41.34 

62.74 
45. 50 
40.24 
32. 25 
24.41 
40. 05 

46.48 
61.42 
53.32 
42. S7 
40. 85 
39. 12 
34. 35 

47.86 

09. sy 

59. 99 
44.99 
33.91 
27. 39 
50.65 

27.48 

36. 7S 
31.98 
27. 39 
22. 19 
18. 90 
24. 08 



26. 53 
21.37 
33. 20 
33.14 

27.40 
41.15 
31.42 
27.43 
21.22 
16.56 
31.96 



20. 03 

11.85 
12.73 
11.51 

17.94 
30. 23 
18.84 
16.32 
11.58 
12.18 
14.04 

72.54 
97.90 
91 60 
60.04 
65.61 
19. 37 



value 
(per- 
cent) 



38.3 
31.3 
2.5. 1 
21.7 
20.4 
19.6 



40.2 
32.9 
27.11 
2.1 4 
22.0 
23.9 

28.0 
40.3 
33.0 



39.5 
33.5 
25.1 



30.1 
30.0 
23.9 



30.0 
41.3 
32.1 
28.0 
26.1 
23.2 
27.3 



27.1 
22.1 
18.9 
19.7 



26.6 
39.3 
31.1 
24.1 
22.6 
22.1 
12.9 

26.7 

35.1 
29.1 
25.0 



76 



FARM-MORTGAGE DEBT 



Table 16. — Number, Acreage, Value, and Amount of Mortgage Debt for Mortgaged Farms Operated by Part Owners, 

by Age of Operator, by Geographic Divisions: 1956 





Number of 

mortgaged 

farms 


Land in mortgaged farms 


Value of land and buildings for mort- 
gaged farms 


Amount of mortgage debt 


Geographic division and age 
of operator 


Total 


Per- 
cent 
dis- 
tribu- 
tion 


Total 


Aver- 
age per 
farm 
(acres) 


Total 


Average value 
(dollars) 


Total (dol- 
lars) 


Per- 
cent 
dis- 
tribu- 
tion 


Average debt 
(dollars) 


Ratio 




Acres 


Per- 
cent 
dis- 
tribu- 
tion 


Dollars 


Per- 
cent 
dis- 
tribu- 
tion 


Per 

farm 


Per 

acre 


Per 

farm 


Per 
acre 


to 

value 
(per- 
cent) 




368, 269 
63, 453 
124.144 
103,785 
54, 657 
17,043 
5,187 


100.0 
17.2 
33.7 
28.2 
14.8 
4.6 
1.4 


117,086,689 
13, 478, 678 
32, 489, 465 
36, 102. 246 
22. 070, 914 
9, 535, 062 
3,410,324 


100.0 
11.5 
27.7 
30.8 
18.8 
S.l 
2.9 


317.9 
212.4 
261.7 
347.9 
403.8 
559.5 
657.5 


9, 088, 969, 000 
1,154.515,000 
2, 743, 616, 000 
2. 830, 727, 000 
1, 524, 483. 000 
550, 159, 000 
283, 469, 000 


100.0 
12.7 
30.2 
31.1 
16.8 
6.1 
3.1 


24, 675 
IS, 195 
22, 100 
27, 275 
27, 892 
32, 2S1 
54,650 


77.61 

85.65 
84.45 
78.41 
69.07 
57.70 
83.12 


2,311,978,000 
417,555,000 
782, 862. 000 
643, 303, 000 
326, 992 000 
89, 329, 000 
51,937.000 


100.0 
18.1 
33.9 
27.8 
14.1 
3.9 
2.2 


6,278 
6,581 
6,305 
6,198 
5,983 
5,241 
10, 013 


19.75 
30.98 
24.10 
17.82 
14.82 
9.37 
15.23 
































GEOGRAPHIC DIVISIONS 


7,420 
1,312 
2,266 
1,922 
1,229 
618 
73 

18,589 
4,498 
5,486 
4,854 
2,690 
728 
333 

62, 955 
11,961 
22, 221 
16,258 
8,740 
2,851 
924 

102,319 
17, 549 
35,487 
29,745 
14. 625 
3,755 
1,168 

42, 439 
7,158 
14,358 
12,209 
6,182 
1,928 
604 

40, 076 
6,250 
13, 636 
11,849 
5,660 
1,930 
751 

50, 920 
7,304 
16. 626 
11, 641 
8, 858 
2,707 
784 

24, 575 
4,279 
7,819 
7,068 

1,505 
245 

18, 976 
3,142 
6,245 
5, 239 
3,014 
1,021 
315 


100.0 
17.7 
30.5 
25.9 
16.6 
S.3 
1.0 

100.0 
24.2 
29.5 
26.1 
14.5 
3.9 
1.8 

100.0 
19.0 
35.3 
25.8 
13.9 
4.5 
1.5 

100.0 
17.2 
34.7 
29.1 
14.3 
3.7 
1.1 

100.0 
16.9 
33.8 
28.8 
14.6 
4.5 
1.4 

100.0 
15.6 
34.0 
29.6 
14.1 
4.8 
1.9 

100.0 
14.3 

32.7 
28.8 
17.4 
5.3 
1.5 

100.0 
17.4 
31.8 
28.8 
14.9 
6.1 
1.0 

100.0 
16.6 
32.9 
27.6 
15.9 
5.4 
1.7 


1,201,394 
202, 239 
345, 203 
327, 235 
207, 370 
106,377 
12, 970 

2,552,718 
523, 435 
718, 248 
705, 534 
439, 277 
109,399 
50, 825 

7, 052, 443 
1,202,369 
2, 407, 400 
1,942,297 
1,029.347 
280. 135 
190, 900 

31,928,095 
4, 336, 150 

10,080,404 
9, 881 . 534 
5, 100, 068 
1, 920, 213 
609, 126 

5, 276, 8.32 

631, 267 

1,527,478 

1,601,846 

1,020,581 

315, 804 

179, 856 

4,457.449 
491, 527 
1,402,241 
1, 243, 532 
961.500 
203,824 
154, 825 

17, 373, 356 
1,207,627 
4, 901, 554 
5, 528, 303 
3,471.224 
1, 943. 776 
320, 872 

37, 797, 922 
4, 238. 344 
9,194,541 

11,154.915 
7, 996, 086 
3, 877, 872 
1, 336, 164 

9, 443, 475 

645, 720 

1,912,396 

3,717.050 

1,844,861 

777, 662 

548, 786 


100.0 
16.8 
28.7 
27.2 
17.3 
8.9 
1.1 

100.0 
20.5 
28.1 
27.6 
17.2 
4.3 
2.2 

100.0 
17.0 

34.1 

14 6 
4.0 

100.0 
13.6 
31.6 
30.9 
16.0 
6.0 
1.9 

100.0 
12.0 
28.9 
30.4 
19.3 
0.0 
3.4 

100.0 
11.0 
31.5 
27.9 
21.6 
4.6 
3.5 

100.0 
7.0 
28.2 
31.8 
20.0 
11.2 
1.8 

100.0 
11.2 
24.3 
29.5 
21.2 
10.3 
3.5 

100.0 
6.8 
20.2 
39.3 
19.5 
5 8.2 
6.8 


161.9 

154.1 
152.3 
170.3 
168.7 
172.1 
177.7 

137.3 

116.4 
130.9 
145.4 
163.3 
150.3 
170.6 

112.0 

100.5 
103.3 
119.5 
117.8 
98.3 
206.6 

312.0 
247.1 
284.1 
332.2 
348.8 
511. 4 
526.0 

124.3 
88.2 
106.4 
131.2 
165.1 
163.8 
297.8 

111.2 
78.6 
102. S 
104.9 
169.9 
105. 6 
206.2 

341.2 

165.3 
294.8 
377.6 
391.9 
718.1 
409.3 

1, 538. 1 

990.5 

1,175.9 

1, 578. 2 
2, 1S5. 3 

2, 576. 7 
5, 453. 7 

497.8 
205.5 
306.2 
709.5 
612.1 
701.7 
1, 742. 2 


155, 129, 000 
24, 327, 000 
41,628,000 
40, 142, 000 
30, 347, 000 
16, 679, 000 
2, 006, 000 

420, 249, 000 
83, 310, 000 
108, 052, 000 
120,327,000 
71, 431, 000 
20, 0S5, 000 
17, 044, 000 

1, 370, 335, 000 
204, 709, 000 
452, 448, 000 
395,130.000 
220, 737, 000 
46, 924, 000 
50,387,000 

2, 295. 835, 000 
294,191,000 
764, 418, 000 
731,795,000 
353. 096. 000 
102. 000, 000 
50,275,000 

680. 613, 000 
86, 350, 000 
184, 424, 000 
199, 063, 000 
109, 970, 0C0 
31,414.000 
19, 392, 000 

433, 683, 000 
50, 832, 000 
128, 198, 000 
129, 637, 000 
S9, 601. 000 
22, 686. 000 
12, 729, 000 

1, 358, 850, 000 
129, 454, 000 
418, 569, 000 
404, 855. 000 
224,161,000 
151,915,000 
24, 896, 000 

1,224,846,000 
157,471,000 
329, 886. 000 
398. 242. 000 
220. 096, 000 
83,717,000 
35, 464, 000 

1, 202, 429, 000 
123,871.000 
316, 023, 000 
411,536.000 
205, 044. 000 
74, 679. 000 
71, 276, 000 


100.0 

15.7 
26.8 
25.9 
19.6 
10.8 
1.3 

100.0 
19.8 
25.7 
28.6 
17.0 
4.8 
4.1 

100.0 

14.9 
33.0 
28.8 
16.1 
3.4 
3.7 

100.0 

12.8 
33.3 
31.9 
15.4 
4.4 
2.2 

100.0 
13.7 
29.2 
31.6 
17.4 
5.0 
3.1 

100.0 

11.7 
29.6 
29.9 
20.7 
5.2 
2.9 

100.0 

9.6 
30.9 
29.9 
16.0 
11.2 

1.8 

100.0 
12.9 
26.9 
32.5 
18.0 
6.8 

100.0 
10.3 
26.3 
34.2 
17.1 
6.2 
5.9 


20, 907 
18, 5-12 
18,371 

20. SSli 
24, 692 
20, 9S9 
27, 479 

22, 607 

18, 522 

19, 696 
24, 789 

26. 554 
27, 589 
51,183 

21, 767 
17,115 
20,361 
24, 304 
25, 256 
16.459 
54,531 

22,438 
16, 764 
21,541 

24. 602 
24, 143 

27, ISO 
43,415 

14,859 
12,063 
12, 845 
16,305 
17,789 
16,294 
32, 106 

10, 822 
8.133 
9,401 
10, 941 
15, 831 
11, 754 
16, 949 

26, 588 
17, 724 
25.176 
27, 652 

25. 306 
56,119 
31, 755 

49, 841 
36, 801 
42. 186 
56, 344 
60, 152 
55, 626 

144, 751 

63, 363 
39,424 

50, 004 
78, 552 
68, 031 
73.143 

226, 273 


129. 12 
120.29 
120. 59 
122.67 
146.34 
156. 79 
154.66 

164. 63 
159. 16 
150.44 
170. 55 
162. 61 
183. 59 
299.94 

194. 31 
170. 25 
187. 94 
203. 43 
214.44 
167. 50 
263.94 

71.91 
67.85 
75.83 
74.06 
69.23 
63.15 
82.54 

119 51 
136. 79 
120. 74 
124. 35 
107. 76 
99.47 
107. 82 

97.29 

103. 42 
91.48 

104. 25 
93.19 

111.30 
82.22 

77.93 
107. 20 
85.40 
73.23 
64.58 
78.15 
77.59 

32.41 
37.15 
35.88 
35. 70 
27.53 
21.59 
26.54 

127, 29 
191. 83 

165. 25 
110. 72 
111.14 

96.03 
129.88 


44, 8B0. 000 
10, 024. 000 
14, 492. 000 
11,135,000 
6, 437, 000 
2, 383, 000 
409, 000 

115,081,000 
30,571,000 
33, 540, 000 
29, 293. 000 
15,868,000 
3,413,000 
2, 376. 000 

389, 233, 000 
80, 098, 000 

131, 764, 000 
92, 339. 000 

46, 352, 000 

5, 92S, 000 
9, 752, 000 

603, 377, 000 
110,400,000 
224,392,000 
174,510.000 
71,743,000 
16,504.000 
10, 822, 000 

165, 373, 000 
27, 709, 000 
53,560,000 
49,412,000 
24, 292, 000 

6, 500, 000 
3,900,000 

140, 187, 000 
19, 252. 000 
46, 109. 000 
40, 979. 000 
26. 779. 000 
4, 369. 000 
2, 699, 000 

310. 846. 000 
48, 147, 000 

104,713.000 
89, 918, 000 
45, 813. 000 
16, 837. 000 
5, 418, 000 

301, 112, 000 
54, 367. 000 
93, 709. 000 
S3. 070. 000 

47, 520. 000 
15,959.000 

6,487,000 

256, 909. 000 
36,981.000 
80,683,000 
72, 647. 000 
42, 188. 000 
14, 436. 000 
10, 074, 000 


100.0 
22.3 
32.3 
24.8 
14.3 
5.3 
.9 

100.0 
26.6 
29.1 
25.8 
13.8 
3.0 
2.1 

100.0 
21.7 
35.7 
25.0 
12.6 
2.4 
2.6 

100.0 
18.1 
36.9 
28.7 
11.8 
2.7 
1.8 

100.0 
16.8 
32.4 
29.9 

14.7 
3.9 
2.4 

100.0 
13.7 
32.9 
29.2 
19.1 
3.1 
1.9 

100.0 
15.5 
33.7 
28.9 
14.7 
5.4 
1.7 

100.0 
18.1 
31.1 
27.6 
15.8 
5.3 
2.2 

100.0 
14.4 
31.4 
28.3 
16. 4 
5.6 
3.9 


6,049 
7,640 
6, 396 
5,793 

5, 258 
3, 856 
5,603 

6,190 
6,797 
6,114 

6. 035 
6,899 
4,688 
7,135 

5.865 
6,697 
5,930 
5,680 
5,303 
3,132 
10,554 

5,946 
6,291 
6,323 
5,867 
4,906 
4.395 
9,345 

8,897 
3.871 
3,730 
4,047 
3,929 
3.371 
6,457 

3,498 
3.0S0 
3,381 
3.458 
4.731 
2,264 
3,594 

6.105 

6,592 
6,298 
6,142 
5,172 
6, 220 
6,911 

12, 253 
12,705 
11.9S5 
11,753 
12,987 
10,604 
26, 478 

13, 539 
11, 770 
12,904 
13.867 
13,997 
14, 139 
31,981 


37.36 

49.57 
41.98 
34.03 
31.04 
22.40 
31.53 

45.07 
58.40 
46.70 
41.52 
36.12 
31.20 
41.81 

52.36 

66.62 
54.73 
47.54 
45.03 
31.87 
51.08 

19.05 

25.46 
22.26 
17.66 
14.07 
8.69 
17.77 

31.34 

43.89 
35.06 
30.85 
23.80 
20.58 
21.68 

31.45 

39.17 
32.88 
32.95 
27.85 
21.44 
17.43 

17.89 
39.87 
21.36 
16.27 
13.20 
8.66 
16.89 

7.97 
12.83 
10.19 
7.45 
5.94 
4.12 
4.85 

27.20 
57.27 
42.14 
19.54 
22.87 
18. 56 
18.36 


28.9 




41.2 








27.7 












20.4 




27.4 




36.7 


35 to 44 years 


31.0 




22.2 








13.9 




26.9 




39.1 




29.1 




23.4 




21.0 




19.0 




19.4 




26.6 




37.5 




29.4 




23.8 




20.3 




16.2 




21.5 




26.2 




32.1 




29.0 




24.8 




22.1 




20.7 




20.1 




32.3 




37.9 




36.0 




31.6 




29.9 




19.3 




21.2 




33.0 




37.2 




25.0 




22.2 




20 4 




11.1 




21.8 




24 g 


Under 35 j'ears 


34.6 
28 4 




20.9 




21,6 
19.1 




18.3 




21 4 




29 9 




25.5 




17 6 




20' 7 




19, 




14| 







FARM-MORTGAGE DEBT 



77 



Table 17-- 



-Number, Acreage, Value, and Amount of Mortgage Debt, for Mortgaged Farms Operated by Full Owners, 
by Economic Class of Farm, by Geographic Divisions: 1956 





Number of 

mortgaged 

farms 


Land in mo 


tgaged farms 


Value of land and buildings for mort- 
gaged farms 


Amount of mortgage debt 


Geographic division and 


Total 


Per- 
cent 
dis- 
tribu- 
tion 


Total 


Aver- 
age per 
farm 
(acres) 


Total 


Average value 
(dollars) 


Total (dol- 
lars) 


Per- 
cent 
dis- 
tribu- 
tion 


Average debt 
(dollars) 


Ratio 




Acres 


Per- 
cent 
dis- 
tribu- 
tion 


Dollars 


Per- 
cent 
dis- 
tribu- 
tion 


Per 

farm 


Per 

acre 


Per 

farm 


Per 
acre 


to 
value 
(per- 
cent) 


United States.. - 

Commercial farms 

Class I -.-- 


909, 239 
iii-J, 7. r .C 

22, ;;s:i 


100.0 
66.5 
2.5 
8.1 
15.1 
17.4 
16.4 
6.8 

33.7 
15.3 
18.4 


149,110,659 
130, 856, 443 
15,358,802 
28, 756, 870 
31,379,894 
28, 406, 137 
19, 709, 134 
7, 245, 606 

18, 254, 216 
10,885,712 
7, 368, 504 


100.0 
87.8 
10.3 
19.3 
21.0 
19.1 
13.2 
4.9 

12.2 
7.3 
4.9 


164.0 
217.1 
686.2 
389.6 
228.5 
179.1 
132.4 
117.3 

59.6 

78.1 
44.1 


17, 625, 598, 000 
14, 660, 383, 000 
2, 176, 809, 000 
3, 376, 270, 000 
3, 724, 133, 000 
2,901,923,000 
1, 908, 560, 000 
572, 688, 000 

2,965,215,000 
1, 500, 572, 000 
1, 464, 643, 000 


100.0 
83.2 
12.4 
19.2 
21.1 
16.5 
10.8 
3.2 

10.8 
8.5 
8.3 


19. 385 
24, 322 
97, 253 
45, 747 
27,11-1 
18, 296 
12,821 
9,275 

9,675 
10, 768 
8,763 


118.20 
112.03 
141.73 
117.41 
118.68 
102. 16 
96.84 
79.04 

162.44 
137. 85 
198. 77 


4, 719, 920, 000 
3,843,316,000 
476, 005, 000 
825, 375, 000 
1, 040, 414, 000 
821,715,000 
536, 356, 000 
142, 851, 000 

876, 604, 000 
428, 655, 000 
447, 949, 000 


100.0 
81.4 
10. 1 
17.5 
22.0 
17.4 
11.4 
3.0 

18.6 
9.1 
9.5 


6,191 
6,376 
21,293 
11,183 
7,575 
5,181 
3,603 
2,314 

2,860 
3,076 
2,680 


31.85 
29.37 
31.03 
28.70 

:,::. 16 

27.21 

19.72 

48.02 
39. 38 
60.79 


26.8 
26.2 
21.9 




24.4 

27. 9 
28.3 




US, Mil 

01, 746 
306, 483 

139,352 

167, 131 


28.1 




24.9 




29.6 




28.6 




30.6 






GEOGRAPHIC DIVISIONS 


27, 242 
10. 70S 
1,332 
3,612 
4,418 
3,979 
2,640 
887 

10, 474 
3,767 
6,707 

70, 341 
46, 92S 
2,248 
8,806 
13.212 
11,372 
8,757 
2,633 

23, 413 
11, 056 
12, 357 

175,617 
125, 733 
2, 302 
12, 306 
33, 199 
36, 212 
33. U74 
8,580 

49, 884 
27, 109 
22, 775 

171,282 

140, 632 
3,556 
16, 982 
3\U22 
40, 702 
30, 021 
10, 749 

30,650 
15,950 
14,700 

128, 398 
69, 897 
2, 265 
6,120 
12,041 
18,910 
19, 925 
10, 636 

68,501 
21,640 
36, 861 


100.0 
61.6 
4.9 
13.3 
16.2 
14.6 
9.3 
3.3 

38.4 
13.8 
24.6 

100.0 
66.7 

3.2 
12.5 
18.8 
16.2 
12.4 

3.6 

33.3 
15.7 
17.6 

100.0 
71.6 
1.3 
7.0 
18.9 
20.6 
18.8 
4.9 

28.4 
15.4 
13.0 

100.0 
82.1 
2.1 
9.9 
22.2 
23.8 
17.9 
6.3 

17.9 
9.3 
8.6 

100.0 
54.4 
1.8 
4.8 
9.4 
14.7 
16.5 
8.3 

45.6 
16.9 
28.7 


3, 228, 608 
2, 544, 945 

196, 739 
743, 352 
716, 229 
491,469 
304, 951 
92, 205 

681,661 
302, 189 
379, 472 

7.352,091 

5, 939, 373 

414.867 

1, 305, 766 

2,037,727 

1,195,360 

762, 780 

222,883 

1,412,718 
844, 314 
568, 404 

18,044,714 

15,806,131 

745,311 

2, 577, 277 

4, 755, 241 
4, 225, 628 
2, 900, 479 

602, 195 

2, 238, 583 

1, 479, 837 

758, 746 

35, 343, 438 
33, 216, 922 
1,765,611 
6,044,022 
10, 784, 618 
8, 661, 889 
4, 733, 797 
1,226,985 

2, 126, 516 

1, 355, 333 

771, 183 

16, 528, 121 
12,835,465 

1, 554, 223 

2, 269, 530 
2, 577, 801 
3, 174, 875 

2, 356, 251 
902, 785 

3, 690, 656 
2,057,241 
1,633,415 


100.0 
78.9 
6.1 
23.0 
22.2 
16.2 
9.5 
2.9 

21.1 
9.4 
11.8 

100.0 
80.8 

5.6 
17.8 
27.7 
16.3 
10.4 

3.0 

19.2 
11.6 
7.7 

100.0 
87.6 
4.1 
14.3 
26.4 
23.4 
16.1 
3.3 

12.4 
8.2 
4.2 

100.0 
94.0 

5.0 
17.1 
30.5 
24.5 
13.4 

3.5 

6.0 
3.8 
2.2 

100.0 
77.7 

9.4 
13.7 
15.6 
19.2 
14.3 

6.5 

22.3 
12.4 
9.9 


118. 4 

151.8 
147.7 
205.8 
162.1 
123.5 
120.1 
104.0 

65.1 
80.2 
56.6 

104.5 

126.6 
184.5 
148.3 
154.2 
105.1 
87.1 
88.0 

60.3 
76.4 
46.0 

102.8 
125.7 
323.8 
208.4 
143.2 
116.7 
87.7 
70.2 

44.9 
54.6 
33.3 

206.3 
236.2 
496.5 
355.9 
283.6 
212.8 
154.6 
114.1 

69.4 
85.0 
52.5 

128.7 
183.6 
686.2 
370.8 
214.1 
167.9 
118.3 
84.9 

63.1 
95.1 
44.3 


443, 370, 000 
331,054,000 
66, 497, 000 
95, 080, 000 
79, 577, 000 
58, 930, 000 
29, 6S2, 000 
11,288,000 

112,316,000 
43,815,000 
68, 501, 000 

1, 166, 025, 000 
911,527,000 
117,620,000 
245, 979, 000 
264, 424, 000 
147, 580, 000 
107, 880, 000 
28, 044, 000 

254, 498, 000 
122, 902, 000 
131, 596, 000 

3, 087, 145, 000 
2,615,071,000 
186,433,000 
513. 442, 000 
814, 395, 000 
643, 696, 000 
386, 505, 000 
70, 600, 000 

472, 074, 000 
279, 610, 000 
192, 464, 000 

3, 545, 2S8, 000 
3, 328, 305, 000 

252, 644, 000 
794, 671, 000 

1,114,309,000 
741,761,0011 
338, 484, 000 
86, 436, 000 

216,991,000 
120, 258, 000 
96, 733, 000 

2, 072, 539, 000 
1,512,377,000 
312,915,000 
255, 846, 000 
320,059.000 
282, 908, 000 
247,250.000 
93, 399, 000 

560, 162, 000 

253, 715, 000 
306, 447, 000 


100.0 

74.7 
12.7 
21.4 
17.9 
13.3 
6.7 
2.5 

25.3 

9.9 
15.4 

100.0 
78.2 
10.1 
21.1 
22.7 
12.7 
9.3 
2.4 

21.8 
10.5 
11.3 

100.0 
S4.7 
6.0 
16.6 
26.4 
20.9 
12.5 
2.3 

15.3 
9.1 
6.2 

100.0 
93.9 
7.1 
22.4 
31.4 
20.9 
9.5 
2.4 

6.1 
3.4 
2.7 

100.0 
73.0 
15.1 
12.3 
15.4 
13.7 
11.9 
4.5 

27.0 
12.2 
14.8 


18, 275 

19, 743 
42,415 

26, 323 
18,012 
14.810 
11,686 
12, 726 

10,723 
11,631 
10, 213 

16, 577 

19, 424 
52, 322 

27, 933 
20,014 
12,977 
12, 319 
11,071 

10, 870 
11,116 
10, 650 

17, 579 

20, 799 
SO. 987 
11,520 
24, 531 

17, 776 
11,686 

8,228 

9,463 
10, 314 
S.451 

20, 699 

23,667 
71,047 
46, 795 
29,3117 

18, 224 
11,051 

8,041 

7,080 
7,540 
6,580 

16, 142 

21, 037 
13S. 1.12 

41, SOS 
26, 58 1 
14,961 
12, 409 
8,781 

9,575 
11,724 
8,314 


137. 41 
130. 08 
287. 17 
127.91 
111.11 
119.91 
97.33 
122.42 

164. 77 

144. 99 
180.52 

158. 60 
153. 47 
283. 52 
188.38 
129. 76 
123. 46 
141.43 
125. 82 

180. 15 

145. 56 
231.52 

171. 08 

165. 45 
250.14 
199. 22 
171.26 
152.33 
133. 26 
117.24 

210. 88 
188. 95 
253.66 

100.31 
100. 20 
143. 09 
131.48 

103. 32 
85. 64 
71.50 
70. 45 

102. 04 
88.73 

125. 43 

125.41 
117.83 
201.33 
112. 73 

124. 16 
89.11 

104. 93 

103. 46 

151. 78 
123. 33 
187. 61 


133. 392, 000 
99, 331, 000 
14,615,000 
29, 877, 000 

26, 805, 000 
17,681.000 

7, 433, 000 
2, 920, 000 

34. 061, 000 
14, 240, 000 

19, 821, 000 

341,605,000 
268, 700, 000 
27, 053, 000 
74, 640, O00 
85, 482, 000 
45,122,000 
28, 318, 000 
8, 085, 000 

72, 905, 000 
36, 503, 009 
36, 402, COO 

863. 575, 000 
714, 8S6, 000 

46,771,000 
123, 548. 000 
241, 909, 000 
165, 149, 000 
118,384,000 

19, 125, 000 

148, 6S9, 000 
82, 222, 000 
66, 467, 000 

971, 342, 000 
903, 107, 000 

55, 010, 000 
18S, 798, 000 
318,111,000 
223, 909, 000 

97, 184, 000 

20, 095, 000 

6S, 235, 000 
40, 809, 000 

27, 426, 000 

508,481,000 
363,210,000 
60, 289, 000 
64, 181, 000 
84, 778, 000 
77, 162, 000 
66, 238, 000 
20, 562, 000 

145, 271, 000 
60, 929, 000 
84, 342, 000 


100.0 

74.5 
11.0 
22.4 
20.1 
13.3 
5.6 
2.2 

25.5 
10.7 
14.9 

100.0 

78.7 
7.9 
21.8 
25.0 
13.2 
8.3 
2.4 

21.3 

10.7 
10.7 

100.0 
82.8 

5.4 
14.3 
28.0 
19.1 
13.7 

2.2 

17.2 
9.5 

7.7 

100.0 
93.0 

5.7 
19.4 
32.7 
23.1 
10.0 

2.1 

7.0 
4.2 
2.8 

100.0 
71.4 
11.9 
12.6 
16.7 
15.2 
11. 1 
4.0 

28.6 
12.0 
16.6 


4,897 
5,924 
10, 972 
8,272 
6,067 
4,444 
2,926 
3.292 

3, 252 
3,780 
2, 955 

4,858 
5,726 
12,054 
8,476 
6,470 
3,968 
3,234 
3,192 

3,114 
3,302 
2,946 

4,917 
5,686 
20, 318 
9,991 
7,287 

4, 561 
3,579 
2,229 

2, 981 
3,033 
2,918 

5,671 
6.422 
15, 470 
11, US 
8,366 
5,501 
3,174 
1,869 

2,226 
2, 559 
1,866 

3,960 
5,196 
26, 618 
10, 487 
7,041 
4,080 
2,822 
1,933 

2,483 
2,816 
2,288 


41.34 
39.03 
74.29 
40.19 
37.43 
35.98 
24.37 
31.67 

49.97 
47.12 
52.23 

46.46 
48. 24 
65.21 
57.16 
41. 96 
37.75 
37.12 
36.27 

51.61 
43.23 
64.04 

47.86 
45. 23 
62.75 
47.94 
50.87 
39.08 
40.82 
31.76 

66.42 
55. 56 
87.60 

27.48 
27.19 
31.16 
31.24 
29.50 
25.85 
20.53 
16.38 

32.09 
30.11 
35.66 

30.77 
28. 30 
38.79 
28. 28 
32.89 
24.30 
23.87 
22.78 

39.36 
29.62 
51.04 


30.1 




30.0 




25.9 




31.4 




33.7 


Class IV 


30.0 




25.0 




25.9 




30.3 




32.5 




28.9 




29.3 




29.5 




23.0 


Class II 


30.3 


Class III 


32.3 


Class IV... 


30.6 


Class V_.__ 


26.2 


Class VI 


28.8 




28.6 


Part-time farms 


29.7 
27.7 




28.0 




27.3 




25.1 




24.1 


Class III 


29.7 


Class IV 


25.7 


Class V 


30.6 




27.1 




31.5 




29.4 




34.5 




27.4 


Class I .-- 


27.1 
21.8 
23.8 


Class III 

Class IV 


28.5 
30.2 
28.7 




23.2 




31.4 




33.9 




28.4 




24.5 








19.3 




25.1 




26.5 


Class IV 


27.3 




22.7 




22.0 




26.9 




24.0 




27.6 



78 



FARM-MORTGAGE DEBT 



Table 17. — Number, Acreage, Value, and Amount of Mortgage Debt, for Mortgaged Farms Operated by Full Owners, 
by Economic Class of Farm, by Geographic Divisions: 1956 — Continued 



;t South Central.. 
Commercial--. 

Class I 

Class II 

Class III 

Class IV 

Class V 

Class VI 



Other farms 

Part-time farms. „ 
Hesidential farms. 



West South Central 

Commercial farms _ 

Class I 

Class II 

Class III 

Class IV 

Class V 

Class VI 



Other farms 

Part-time farms. 
Residential farms 



Mountain _. 

Commercial farms . 

Class I 

Class II 

Class III 

Class IV 

Class V 

Class VI 



Other farms 

Part-time farms... 
Residential farms- 



Pacific 

Commercial farms. 

Class I 

Class II 

Class III 

Class IV 

Class V 

Class VI 



Other farms 

Part-time farms... 
Residential farms. 



Number of 

mortgaged 

farms 



712 
2,731 

5, 133 
15, 043 

21', mi 

15, 674 

47, 154 

22. 1)8 
25, K',r, 



101, 470 
58, 101 
2,198 
7,074 

111,2211 
13,575 
16,051 



43, 938 

32, sir, 

2,128 
5,717 
9,240 
8,291 
5,746 



11,122 
5, 466 
5, 651', 



81, 600 
49,684 
5,642 
10, 395 
11,506 
10. 523 
9,543 
2,010 

31,816 

12,7^5 
19, 161 



Per- 
cent 

r<.iis- 

tribu- 
tion 



10.1 

13.4 
15.8 



13.0 
21.0 
18.9 
13.1 



25.3 
12.4 
12.9 



12.7 
14.2 
12.9 
11.7 



30.1 
15,6 
23.5 



Land in mortgaged farms 



12, 316, 501 
9, 551, 690 
565, 814 
1, 150, 952 
1, 169, 600 
2, 424, 281 
2, 750, 457 

1. 490. 586 

2, 764, 811 
1, 665, 616 
1, 099, 195 



26, 002, 381 
22, 598, 446 
3, 090, 202 
6, 668, 130 
3, 770, 208 
3, 745, 919 
3, 393, 942 
1, 930, 045 

3, 403. 915 



20, 018, 776 
19, 069, 496 
4, 366, 923 
5, 295, 202 
4, 184, 842 
3, 225, 792 
1, 514, 306 
4S2, 431 



10, 280. 051 
9, 293, 975 
2, 659. 122 
2, 702, 639 
1, 383, 62S 
1, 260, 924 
992, 171 
295, 401 

986, 076 
527, 240 
458, 836 



Per- 
cent 
dis- 
tribu- 
tion 



19.7 
22.3 
12.1 



11.9 
25.6 
14.5 
14.4 
13.1 



20.5 
20.9 
16.1 



25.9 
26.3 
13.5 
12.3 



Aver- 
age per 
farm 
(acres) 



112.6 
153. 6 
794.7 
421.4 
215.3 
161.2 
121.7 
95.1 

58.6 
75.3 
43.9 



389.0 
1, 405. 9 
942.6 
:«x. 9 
27.1. 9 
211.4 
214.9 

78.5 



456.6 
581.1 
2, 052. 1 
926.2 
452. 9 
389.1 
263. 5 



126.0 
187.1 
471.3 
260. 
119.6 
119.8 
104. 
147.0 

30.9 



Value of land and buildings for mort- 
gaged farms 



I, 124. 523, 000 
829, 206, 000 

65, 392, 000 
125, 614, 000 
125, 807. 000 
214,138,000 
206, 773, 000 

91. 482, 000 

295.317,000 
154, 139, 000 
141,178,000 



2, 031, 678, 000 
1, 630, 4S7, 000 
229,835,000 
433, 24S, 000 
291, 415, 000 
302,111,000 
261, 404, 000 
112, 474, 000 

401. 189. 000 
223. 227, 000 
177, 962. 000 



1, 357, 442, 000 
1, 207, 008, 000 
270, 152, 000 
319,210,000 
287. 610. 000 
197, 322, 000 
100,801.000 
31, 913, 000 

150, 434, 000 
76, 420. 000 
74, 014, 000 



2, 797, 582, 000 
2, 295, 348, 000 
6S5, 321, 000 
593, 180,000 
426. .=37, 000 
313,477,000 
229, 781, 000 
47,052,000 

502, 234, 000 
226, 486, 000 
275, 748, 000 



11.2 
11.2 
19.0 
18.4 



100.0 
80.3 
11.3 
21.3 
14.3 
14.9 
12.9 
5.5 



100.0 
82.0 
24.5 
21.2 
15.2 
11.2 
8.2 
1.7 



10, 284 

13. 332 
01,843 
45, 996 
23, 156 

14, 235 
9,148 
5,837 

6,263 



20, 022 
2s. 063 
104. .V',6 
61. 245 
28, 514 
22, 255 
16. 2S6 
12, 521 

9,251 
11.453 
7,453 



30. 894 

3(1, 7S1 
2,1.051 
5.->, 835 

31. 127 
23. sOll 
17,543 
IS. 839 

13, 526 
13, 981 
13, 086 



34, 384 
•16, 199 

121. Ills 
57, 064 
36. 8-3 
20. 776 



15. 736 
17,7.17 
14, 391 



106. 81 
92.54 
128.44 



78.13 
72.15 
74.38 
64.97 
77.29 
80.65 
77.02 
58.28 

117.86 
104. 42 

140.5.-. 



67.81 
63.30 
61.86 
60.28 
68.73 
61.17 
66.57 
66.15 

158.47 
148. 05 
170.90 



272. 14 
246. 97 
257. 72 
219. 48 
308. 27 
248. 61 
231. 59 
159.23 



Amount of mortgage debt 



337, 465, 000 
247, 207, 000 
19, 173, 000 
34, 49.3, 000 
30, 723, 000 
74, 814, 000 
60, 842, 000 
27,162.000 

90, 258, 000 
50, 878, 000 
39, 380, 000 



459, 324, 000 
345, 022, 000 
45, 5S3, 000 
86, 416, 000 
63, 486, 000 
68, 607, 000 
58, 787, 000 
22, 143, 000 

114, 302, 000 
58, 171, 000 
56, 131, 000 



359. 047, 000 
315,345,000 
62, 432, 000 
79, 955, 000 
81, 108, 000 
57, 009, 000 
26, 715, 000 
8, 126, 000 

43, 702, 000 
21, 486, 000 
22,216,000 



745, 689, 000 
586. 508, 000 
145, 679, 000 
143, 467, 000 
108,012,000 
92, 262, 000 
82, 455, 000 
14, 633, 000 

159,181,000 
63,417,000 
95,764,000 



tribu- 
tion 
tion 



26.7 
15.1 
11.7 



18.8 
13.8 
14.9 
12.8 



24.9 
12.7 
12.2 



17.4 
22.3 
22.6 
15.9 



100.0 
78.7 
19.5 



3,975 
26,928 
12,630 
5,655 
4,973 
2,692 
1,733 

1,914 
2,300 
1,573 



4,527 
5,938 
20,738 
12,216 
6,212 
5,054 
3,663 
2,465 



29,338 
13,985 



3,929 
3,931 
3,928 



9,138 

11.805 
25, 820 
13,802 
9,339 
8,763 
8,640 
7,280 

4,987 
4.972 
4,998 



27.40 
25.88 
33. S9 
29.97 
26.27 



32.65 
30.55 
35.83 



17.66 

15. 27 
14.75 
12.96 
16.84 
18.32 
17.32 
11.47 

33.58 
27.21 
44.33 



17.94 
16.54 
14.30 
15.10 
19.38 
17.67 
17.64 
16.84 

46.04 
41.62 
51.30 



72.54 
63.11 
54.78 
53. OS 
78.06 
73.17 
83.11 
49.52 

161.43 
120.28 

20S.71 



30.0 
29.8 
29.3 
27.5 
24.4 
34.9 
29.4 



21.2 
19.8 
19.9 
21.8 
22.7 



28.5 
26.1 
31.5 



26.5 
26.1 
23.1 
25.0 
28.2 



26.7 
25.6 
21.3 



FARM-MORTGAGE DEBT 



79 



Table 18. 



-Number, Acreage, Value, and Amount of Mortgage Debt, for Mortgaged Farms Operated bv Part Owners, 
by Economic Class of Farm, by Geographic Divisions: 1956 



United States 

Commercial farms,.. 

Class I - 

Class II 

Class III 

Class IV ..._ 

Class V.... 

Class VI 

Other farms 

Part-time farms. . 
Residential farms- 
Abnormal farms. . 



GEOGRAPHIC DIVISIONS 

New England 

Commercial farms 

Class I 

Class II 

Class III 

Class IV 

Class V 

Class VI 

Other farms 

Part-time farms - 

Residential farms. 



Middle Atlantic 

Commercial farms. - 

Class I 

Class II 

Class III 

Class IV 

Class V. 

Class VL 

Other farms 

Part-time farms... 
Residential farms- 



East North Central 

Commercial farms.. 

Class I. 

Class II 

Class III.. - 

Class IV - 

Class V. 

Class VI — 

Other farms 

Part-time farms. . 
Residential farms 



Class II 

Class III 

Class IV 

Class V 

Class VI 

Other farms 

Part-time farms .. 
Resldental farms.. 



South Atlantic 

Commercial farms. 

Class I 

Class II 

Class III 

Class IV 

Class V 

Class VL 



Other farms 6,623 

Part-time farms 4,211 

Residential farms ' 2,412 



Number of 

mortgaged 

farms 



168, 269 

a~, 537 

25, 709 
72,11(13 
98, 138 
7',', 570 
46,541 
14, 676 

30, 732 

211. '.IS", 

9,747 



IB, 539 
17,204 
1, 558 
5,177 
5,710 
3,361 
1,164 
234 

1,385 
1,062 



62, 355 
58, 134 
3,; 55 

14, mo 

20,471 
13, 810 
5, 914 



4, 521 
3,365 
1, 156 



102.319 
99, 491 
4,972 
23.621 
35,418 
23, 555 
9,504 
2,421 



42, 439 
35,816 

1,505 
4.307 
8,084 
10, 165 
8.490 
3,265 



19.8 
26 6 
21.6 
12.6 



26.9 
29.4 
15.9 



23.1 
34.6 
23.0 



10.1 
19.0 
24.0 
20.0 



Land in mortgaged farms 



117,086,689 
115,011.218 
27,096,213 
36, 980, 593 
26,421,319 
16, 183, 478 
6, 464, 820 
1,864,795 

2, 075, 471 

1,645,488 

429,983 



1,201,394 
1, 163, 245 
184, 873 
395, 903 
361,826 
145, 733 
64,106 
20,804 

38, 149 
23,899 
14,260 



2,652,718 
2, 498, 537 
4-14,341 
854, 752 
751,317 
358, 359 
74, 489 
15,279 

64, 181 
49,244 
4,937 



7, 052, 448 
0, S80. 050 

761.666 
1,957.178 
2, 305, 992 
1, 344. 555 

448,064 
72, 595 

172, 398 
149, 890 
22,508 



31,928,095 
31.706,725 
4,887,415 
9. 855, 749 
9. 658, 680 



Per- 
cent 
dis- 
tribu- 
tion 



23. 1 
31.6 
22.6 



1,6 



221, 370 
168, 520 
52,850 



5, 276, 832 
5,015,926 

831,111 
1, 071, 554 
1,043, 
1, 198, 723 

604, 

266, 858 



15.4 
33.0 
30.1 
12.1 



100.0 
97.9 
17.4 
33.5 
29.4 
14.0 
2.9 
0.6 



27. S 
32.7 
19.1 



100.0 
99.3 
15.3 
30.9 
30.3 
16.5 



Aver- 
age per 
farm 
(acres) 



317.9 
340.7 
1,054.0 
507.3 
269.2 
203.4 
138.9 
127.1 

67.5 

78.4 
44.1 



161.9 
173.7 
257.1 



15.7 
?0.3 
19.8 
22.7 
11.5 



62.7 
59.6 

41. 1 



137.3 

145.2 
285.2 
165.1 
131.6 
106.6 
64.0 
65.3 



137.9 
112.6 
97.4 



312.0 
318.7 
983.0 
417.2 
272.7 
223.7 
177.7 
143.3 



124.3 
140.0 
552.2 
248.8 
129 
117.9 
71.2 
81.7 

39.4 



Value of land and buildings for mort- 
gaged farms 



Per- 
cent 
at- 
tribu- 
tion 



9, 086, 969, 000 
8, S32, 095, 000 
2.461.421,000 
2, 643, 836, 000 
2, 066, 980. 000 
1, 102. 849. 000 
446, S93, 000 
110, 716, 000 

254, 274. 000 
185, 522, 000 
68, 752, 000 



155,129,000 
145, 457, 000 
33, 780, 000 
52, 648, 000 
36, 863, 000 
15. 793, 000 
6, 494, 000 
873, 000 

9, 672, 000 
6, 672, 000 
4, 000, 000 



420, 249, 000 
402,023,000 
113,263,000 
137, 463, 000 
90.371,000 
43. 040. 000 
16,488,000 
1, 398, 000 

18, 226, 000 
15,372,000 
2, 854, 000 



1,370,335,000 
1,325.774,000 
237,510.000 
447.301,000 
391, 735, 000 
181,410.000 
60, 013, 000 
7, 805, 000 

44, 561. 000 
33 969. 000 
10, 592, 000 



2,295,835,000 
2,275,159,000 
330, 497, 000 
801, 486, 000 
725. 457. 000 
317.455,000 
83, 865, 000 
16,399.000 

20, 676, 000 
15, 354, 000 
5, 322, 000 



630 613, 000 
5S8, 655, 000 
107.941.000 

124. 996. 000 
130,318.000 

123. 968. 1 
80,913,000 
20, 519, 000 

41. 95S, 000 
24, 552. 000 
17, 406, 000 



21.8 
33.9 
23.8 
10.2 



32.7 
21.5 
10.2 



32.6 
28.6 
13.2 



34.9 
31.6 
13.8 



100.0 
93.3 
17.1 

19 8 

20 7 
19.7 
12.8 

3.3 



,\ rerage palue 
(dollars] 



24. 675 
26, 168 
95. 742 
36. 265 
21.002 
13, 800 
9.602 
7,544 



20, 907 
21,723 
46. 990 
26,416 
16. 902 
13,361 
11,077 



13, 359 
14, 145 
12,384 

22. 607 

2!, 368 
72, 098 
2.:. .-,53 
15,827 

12. SOU 
14,165 

5,974 

13, 160 
14, 475 
8,836 

21, 767 

22, 688 
75, 281 
31,522 
19, 136 

13. 136 
10, 148 

8,730 

9, 856 
10. 095 
9,163 



22, 438 

22. Sfls 
I - ,,',. 472 
33.931 
20.483 
13,477 
8,824 
6,774 

7,311 

7,662 
6,459 



14, 859 
16,436 
71,722 
29.022 
16. 120 
12, 196 
9,530 
6,285 

6,335 
5,830 
7,216 



77 61 
76.80 
90.84 
71. 49 
78.23 

68. 15 

69. 13 
59.37 

122.51 
112.76 
159. 89 



129, 12 
125. 04 
182 75 
132. 98 
101.88 
108. 37 
101.54 
41.96 

253.53 
237. 33 
2.80. 70 



164. 63 
160. 90 
254 90 
160. 82 
120. 28 
120. 10 
221.35 
91.50 



194. 31 
192.70 
315. 98 
228 54 
169. S8 
134. 92 
133. 94 
107. 51 

258. 48 
220. 63 
470. 59 



71.91 

71.76 
67.62 
81.32 
75.11 
60.25 
49. 65 
47.28 

93.40 
91. 11 
100. 70 



119. 51 
117.36 
129 SS 
116.65 
124 93 
103. 42 
133. 84 
76.89 

160.82 
125.67 
265. 61 



Amount of mortgage debt 



2,311,978.000 
2,234,154,000 
504, 469. 000 
675,841.000 
570,216.000 
320, 894, 000 
130, 409, 000 
32, 295, 000 

77, 824, 000 
56.661,000 
21,263,000 



44, 880, 000 
42, 860. 000 
9, 568. 000 
15, 772. 000 
11,487,000 
4, 273, 000 
1,431,000 
329, 000 

2, 020, 000 

1, 189, 000 

831,000 



115,061,000 
109, 957. 000 
23, 884, 000 
39, 026, 000 
29, 063, 000 
14,031,000 
3, 525. 000 
428,000 

5, 104, 000 

4,501,000 

603, 000 



369, 233, 000 
357,921,000 
50,978,000 
124, 483, 000 
106, 472. 000 
54, 037. 000 
20, 057, 000 
1, 894, 000 

11,312,000 
8,651.000 
2, 661, 000 



608, 377, 000 
601. 943. 000 
74,321.000 
194, 765, 000 
210, 895, 000 
91,400,000 
25, 643. 000 
4, 910, 000 

6, 434. 000 
5.017,000 
1,417,000 



165,373,000 
163, if.9,000 
24, 704. 000 
33, 781, 000 
36, 645. 000 
32, 733, 000 
19. 753, 000 
5, 553, 000 

12, 204, 000 
7, 1 13. 000 
5, 091, 000 



Per- 
cent 
dis- 
tribu- 
tion 



21.8 
29.2 
24.7 
13.9 



100.0 
95.5 
21.3 



100.0 
95.6 
20.8 
33.9 
25.3 
12.2 
3.1 
0.4 



33.7 
28.8 
14.fi 



12.2 
32.0 
34.7 
15.0 



14.9 
20.4 
22.2 
19.8 
11.9 



6,619 
19.622 
9,270 
5.811 
4,033 
2.802 
2,201 

2.632 

2, 695 
2,181 



6,049 
6,401 
13, 307 
7,914 
5,267 
3,616 
2,885 
2, 632 



6,190 
6,391 
15, 330 
7,538 
5,090 
4,175 
3,028 
1,829 

3,6 

4.238 

1.S07 



5,865 
6, 125 
16, 158 
8,773 
5,201 
3,913 
3,391 
2,119 

2,502 
2,571 
2,302 



2.275 
2. 503 
1,720 



3.897 
4,277 
16,415 
7,843 
4,533 
3,220 
2,327 
1,701 

1,843 



19.75 
19.43 

18. 62 
18.28 
21.58 

19. 83 
20.17 
17.32 

37.50 
34. 37 
49.45 



37.36 
36.85 
61.75 
39.84 
31.75 
29.32 
26. 45 
15.81 

52. 95 
49.75 
58. 32 



53.75 
45.66 
38.68 
39.15 
47.32 
28.01 

94.20 
91.40 
122. 14 



52.36 
52.02 
67.82 
63.60 
46. 17 
40.19 
44.76 
26.09 

65.62 
57.72 
118. 22 



19.05 
18.98 
15.21 
19.76 
21.83 
17.35 
15. 18 
14.15 

29.06 
29.77 
26.81 



31.34 

30 54 
29.72 
31. 53 
35.13 
27.31 
32.67 
20.81 



80 



FARM-MORTGAGE DEBT 



Table 18. 



-Number, Acreage, Value, and Amount of Mortgage Debt, for Mortgaged Farms Operated by Part Owners, 
by Economic Class of Farm, by Geographic Divisions: 1956 — Continued 



East South Central 

Commercial farms — 

Class I 

Class 11.. 

Class III 

Class IV 

Class V. _ 

Class VI 

Other farms 

Part-time farms 

Residential farms- - 

West South Central 

Commercial farms — 

Class I 

Class II 

Class III 

Class IV 

Class V .. 

Class VI 

Other farms 

Part-time farms 

Residential farms. . 

Mountain 

Commercial farms — 

Class I- 

Class II.... 

Class III 

Class IV -._ 

Class V 

Class VI 

Other farms. 

Part-time farms 

Residential farms. - 

Pacific 

Commercial farms 

Class I 

Class II 

Class III 

Class IV 

Class V 

Class VI 

Other farms 

Part-time.- 

Residential farms. . 



Number of 

mortgaged 

farms 



762 
2,655 
5,311 
10. 143 

10,01* 
4,579 

6,078 
3.754 

2,324 



50, 920 
45, 439 
4,607 
9,002 
11,341 
10, 843 
7,172 
2,474 

5,481 
4,307 
1,174 



24, 576 
23, 339 
3,056 
6,871 
6, 276 
4, 592 
2,047 
497 



18,976 
17, 120 
5,375 
5, 087 
3, 34(1 
1,919 
1,200 
187 



17.7 
22.3 
21.3 
14.1 



28.0 
25.5 
18.7 



Land in mortgaged farms 



566, 906 
745, 871 
711,043 
1, 057, 681 
752, 746 
321, 905 



17, 373, 356 
16, 820, 603 
4, 086, 804 
4,416,487 
4, 427, 631 
2. 227, 490 



1,006 
299, 185 

546, 753 

474, 164 
72, 589 



37, 797, 922 
37, 446, 200 
9,611,442 
15.76S.892 
6, 219. 156 
4, 128, 493 
1, 289, 158 
429, 065 

351,716 
266, 132 
85, 584 



9, 448, 476 

9,317,774 

5,731,655 

1,914,207 

942, 566 

453, 749 

1S3, 490 

92, 107 

128.701 
100, 338 
28.363 



100.0 
93.2 
12.7 
16.7 
16.0 
23.7 
16.9 
7.2 



100.0 
96.9 
23.5 
25.4 
25.5 
12.8 
7.9 
1.7 



Aver- 
age per 
farm 
(acres) 



111.2 

122.2 
744.0 
280. 9 
133.9 
104.3 
71.4 
70.3 

49.6 
58.1 
35.9 



341.2 
370.3 
887.1 
490.6 
390.4 
205.4 
190.9 
120. 9 



1, 539. 1 
1,604.4 
3, 145. 1 

2. 295 O 
990.9 
899.1 
629.8 
863.3 

284.6 
321.4 
209. S 



497.8 
541.3 
1,061-1.4 
376.3 
281.7 
236. 5 
152.1 
492.6 

69.3 



Value of land and buildings for mort- 
gaged farms 



433, 683, 000 
402, 100, 000 
79, 304, 000 
76, 430, 000 
79, 885, 000 
86, 379, 000 
59,310,000 
20, 792, 000 

31, 583, 000 
22, 529, 000 
9, 054, 000 



1, 353. 850, 000 
1,312,393,000 
430, 158, 000 
342. 403, 000 
292, 634, 000 
152, 304, 000 
74. 070, 000 
20, 824, 000 

41, 457, 000 
34, 149, 000 
7, 308, 000 



1, 224, 846, 000 
1, 205, 581, 000 
361, 656, 000 
425, 563, 000 
229,111,000 
130, 963. 000 
39, 153, 000 
19, 235, 000 

19, 265, 000 
13, 831, 000 
5, 434, 000 



1, 202, 429, 000 
1, 175, 553, 000 
767, 406, 000 
235, 546, 000 
90, 606, 000 
51, .537, 000 
27, 587, 000 
2, 871, 000 

26. 876, 000 
20, 094, 000 
6, 782, 000 



Per- 
cent 
dis- 
tribu- 
tion 



18.4 

19. 9 
13.7 



100.0 
96.9 
31.8 
25.3 
21.6 
11.2 
5.5 
1.5 



10. 822 

11,827 
104,073 
28, 787 
15, 041 
8,516 



5,196 
6,001 
3, v.lii 



26, 588 

2\ sm: 

93,371 

3*. (136 
25. MW 
14, 046 
10.32s 
8,417 

7,564 



49, 841 
51, 655 
118,310 
61. 93( ; 
36, 506 
28. 520 
19, 127 
38,702 

15, 587 
16, 701 
13,319 



63. 366 

6S. 665 
142.773 
46,304 
27, 079 
26. S5(i 
22, 875 
15, 353 

14, 481 
19, 0S3 
8,446 



97.29 
96.75 
139. S9 
102. 47 
112.35 
81.67 
78.79 
64.59 



77.93 
78.00 
108. 26 
77. 53 
68. 09 
6S.37 
54.10 



75.82 
72. 02 

100 .,- 



32.41 
32.20 
37. 62 
26. 99 
36. 84 
31.72 
30.37 
44. S3 



64. 



127. 29 

126. 16 
133. 89 
123.05 

96.13 
113.58 
150. 35 

31.17 

208. 83 
200. 26 
239. 1 1 



Amount of mortgage debt 



140, 187, 000 
129,707.000 
20, 184, 000 
23, 206, 000 
27,178,000 
31, 576, 000 
20, 084, 000 
7, 479, 000 

10, 4S0, 000 
7, 654, 000 
2, 826, 000 



310, 848, 000 
295, 947, 000 
74, 632, 000 
83, 098, 000 
65, 797. 000 
■13, 7S1, 000 
22, 496, 000 
6, 143, 000 

14, 899, 000 
11,147,000 
3, 752, 000 



301,112,000 
294,905,000 
87, 729, 000 
101, 421, 000 
57, 215, 000 
33,929,000 
9,812,000 
4, 799, 000 

6, 207, 000 
4, 644, 000 
1, 563, 000 



256, 909, 000 
247, 745, 000 
138, 469, 000 
60, 289, 000 
25, 494, 000 
15, 125, 000 
7, 608, 000 
760, 000 

9, 164, 000 
6, 645, 000 
2, 519, 000 





Average debt 


Per- 


(dollars) 


cent 
dis- 










tribu- 






tion 


Per 


Per 




farm 


acre 


100.0 


3,498 


31.46 


92.5 


3,815 


31.21 


14 4 


26, 488 


35. 60 


16.6 


8,740 


31.11 


19.4 


5,117 


38. 22 


22.5 


3,113 


29.85 


14.3 


1,904 


26.68 


5.3 


1,633 


23.23 


7.5 


1,724 


34.78 


5.5 


2,039 


35.12 


2.0 


1,216 


33.90 


100.0 


6,105 


17.89 


95.2 


0,513 


17.59 


24.0 


16, 200 


18.26 


26.7 


9,231 


18.82 


21.2 


5,802 


14.86 


14.1 


4, 038 


19.65 


7.2 


3.137 


16.43 


2.0 


2,483 


20.53 


4.8 


2,718 


27.25 


3.6 


2,688 


23.51 


1.2 


3,196 


51. 69 


100.0 


12, 253 


7.97 


97.9 


12,636 


7.88 


29.1 


28.707 


0.13 


33.7 


14, 761 


6.43 


19.0 


9,116 


9.20 


11.3 


7,389 


8.22 


3.3 


4,793 


7.61 


1.6 


9,656 


11.18 


2. 1 


5,022 


17.65 


1.5 


5,609 


17.45 


0.5 


3,831 


18.26 


100.0 


13, 539 


27.20 


96.4 


14, 471 


26.59 


53.9 


25, 762 


24.16 


23.5 


11.852 


31.50 


9.9 


7,619 


27.05 


5.9 


7,882 


33.33 


3.0 


6,308 


41.46 


0.3 


4,064 


8.25 


3.6 


4,938 


71.20 


2.6 


6,311 


66.23 


L0 


3,137 


88.81 



value 
(per- 
cent) 



30.4 
34.0 
36.6 



23.0 
22.6 
17.3 
24.3 
22.5 
28.7 
30.4 



35.9 
32.6 
51.3 



24.6 
24.5 
24.3 
23.8 
25.0 
25.9 
26.1 



21.4 
21.1 
18.0 
25.6 
28.1 



34.1 
33.1 
37.1 



FARM-MORTGAGE DEBT 



81 



Table 19.- 



-Number, Acreage, Value, and Amount of Mortgage Debt, for Mortgaged Farms Operated by Full Owners, 
Classified by Type of Farm, by Geographic Divisions: 1956 









[Data relate only to commercial farms 


Soo text) 
















Number of 
mortgaged com- 
mercial farms 


Land In mortgaged com- 
mercial farms 


Value of land and buildings for mort- 
gaged commercial farms 


Amount of mortgage debt on commercial farms 


Geographic division and type of farm 
(full-owner commercial farms only) 


Total 


Percent 
distri- 
bution 


Total 


Average 

per 

farm 

(acres) 


Total 


Average value 
(dollars) 


Total (dollars) 


Percent 
distri- 
bution 


Average debt 
(dollars) 


Ratio 
to 




Acres 


Percent 
distri- 
bution 


Dollars 


Percent 

distri- 
bution 


Per 

farm 


Per 
acre 


Per 
farm 


Per 
acre 


value 
(per- 
cent) 




602,766 

168, 666 

75,380 
49, 768 
43,517 
6,915 
24, 574 
CI. 290 
50, 424 

133,044 
66, 130 

17,265 
13, 480 
35, :«5 
9,714 


100.0 

28.0 
12.5 
8.3 

7.2 
1.1 
4.1 
23.8 

8.4 

22.1 
11.0 
2.9 
2.2 
5.9 
1.6 


130,856,443 

31, 989, 897 
18,930,158 
7,962,153 
5, 097, 586 
649, 640 

2, 199, 337 
22, 656, 549 

3, 571, 088 

54, 753, 271 
13, 008, 432 
3,124,982 
2, 000, 706 
7, 882, 744 
2, 028, 229 


100.0 

24.4 
14.6 
6.1 
3.9 

.5 
1.7 
17.3 
2.7 

41.8 
9.9 
2.4 
1.5 
6.0 
1.6 


217.1 

189.7 
251.1 
160.0 
117.1 
93.9 
89.5 
158.1 
70.8 

411.5 
196.7 
181.0 
148.4 
222.8 
208.8 


14, 660, 383, 000 

3,787,812,000 

2, 254, 053, 000 

976, 650, 000 

557, 109, 000 

159,257,000 

1,242,588,000 

2,615,036,000 

938, 434, 000 

4,153,909,000 
1, 516, 959, 000 
420, 569, 000 
251,757,000 
844, 633, 000 
246, 388, 000 


100.0 

25.8 
15.4 
6.7 
3.8 
1.1 
8.5 
17.8 
0.4 

28.3 
10.3 
2.9 
1.7 
5.8 
1.7 


24, 322 

22, 458 
29, 903 
19.624 
12.802 
23,031 
511, 565 
18,250 
18,611 

31,222 

22, 939 
24,300 
18, 676 

23, 870 
25, 364 


112.03 

118.41 
119.07 
122.66 
109. 29 
245. 15 
561.98 
115.42 
262. 79 

75.87 
116.61 
134. 58 
125.83 
107. 15 
121.48 


3,843,316,000 

920, 776, 000 
538, 439, 000 
229, 877, 000 
152. 460, 000 
35, 069. 000 
274,651,000 
831,278,000 
252, 995, 000 

1,063,167,000 
403, 770, 000 
111,532,000 

72,S13,O00 
219, 425. 000 

61,610,000 


100.0 

23.9 
13.9 
6.0 
3.9 

.9 
7.1 
21.5 
6.7 

27.6 
10.6 
3.1 
1.9 
5.6 
1.7 


6,376 

5,459 
7,143 
4,619 
3, 503 
5,071 
11,176 
5,801 
5,017 

7,991 
6,106 
6, 400 
5,402 
6,573 
6,342 


29.37 

28.78 
28.44 
28.87 
29.91 
53.98 
124.88 
36.69 
70.85 

19.42 
31.04 
35.69 
36.39 
27.84 
30.38 


26.2 


Field-crop farms other than vege- 


24.3 




23.9 




23.5 




27.4 




22.0 




22.1 


Dairy farms - 


31.8 

27.0 


Livestock farms other than dairy 


25.6 




26.6 


Primarily crop 


26.5 
28.9 




26.0 


Miscellaneous farms 


25.0 


GEOGRAPHIC DIVISIONS 


16, 768 
1,798 


100.0 

10.7 


2, 644, 945 
286, 429 


100.0 
11.3 


151.8 
159.3 


331,054,000 
32,246,000 


100.0 

9.7 


19, 748 
17, 934 


ISO. 08 
112. 58 


99, 331, 000 
11,065,000 


100.0 
11.1 


9,924 

6,154 


39.03 
38.63 


30.0 


Field-crop farms other than vege- 


34.3 






































1,798 

266 

690 

7,430 

4,622 

515 
565 
316 
106 
143 
882 

46, 928 

3,147 
2,6S3 


10.7 
1.6 
4.1 
44.3 
27.6 

3.1 
3.4 
1.9 
.6 
.9 
5.3 

100.0 

6.7 
5.7 


286, 429 
12,936 
81,270 
1, 572, 584 
239, 249 

82, 406 
86, 461 
45, 552 
15, 482 
25, 427 
183, 610 

5, 939, 873 

361, 673 
300,319 


11.3 
.5 

3.2 
61.8 

9.4 

3.2 
3.4 

1.8 
.6 
1.0 
7.2 

100.0 

6.1 
5.1 


159.3 
48.6 
117.8 
211.7 
51.8 

160.0 
153.0 
144,2 
146.1 
177.8 
208.2 

126.8 

114.9 
111.9 


32, 246, 000 
4, 199, 000 
20, 859, COO 
132,412,000 
98, 368, 000 

13,931,000 
9, 762, 000 
5, 667, 000 
2, 173, 000 
1, 922, 000 

19,277,000 

911, 527, 000 

59,481,000 
45,721,000 


9.7 
1.3 
6.3 
40.0 
29.7 

4.2 
2.9 
1.7 
.7 
.6 
5.8 

100.0 

6.6 
5.0 


17,934 
15,786 
30, 230 
17,821 
21,283 

27, 050 
17,278 
17,934 
20. 500 
13,441 
21, 856 

19,424 

18, 901 
17,041 


112.58 
321. 60 
250 00 
84.20 
411.15 

169.05 
112.91 
124.41 
140. 36 
75.69 
104.99 

153.47 

164. 46 
152. 24 


11,065,000 
941, 000 
6, 826, 000 
40, 325, 000 
27, 795, 000 

6, 300, 000 
2, 603, 000 
1,354,000 
619, 000 
630, 000 
4, 476, 000 

268, 700, 000 

16,054,000 
11,624,000 


11.1 
.9 
6.9 
40.6 
28.0 

5.3 

2.6 
1.4 
.6 
.6 
4.5 

100.0 

6.0 
4.3 


6,154 
3,538 
9,893 
5,427 
6,014 

10, 291 
4,607 
4,285 
5,840 
4,406 
5,075 

5,726 

5, 101 
4,332 


38.63 
72.74 
83.99 
25.64 
116.18 

64.32 
30.11 
29.72 
39.98 
24.78 
24.38 

45.24 

44.39 
38.71 


34.3 




22.4 




32.7 




30.5 


Livestock farms other than dairy 


28.3 
38.0 




26.7 




23.9 




28.5 




32.8 




23.2 




29.5 


Field-crop farms other than vege- 
table and fruit-and-nut 


27.0 
25.4 








464 
1,648 
2,063 
22, 961 
9,534 

3,086 
3,036 
1,383 
535 
1,118 
1,453 

125, 733 

28,687 
27, 527 


1.0 

3.5 
4.4 
48.9 
20.3 

6.6 
6.6 
2.9 
1.1 
2.4 
3.1 

100.0 

22.8 
21.9 


61,354 
126, 598 
263. 265 
3, 938, 276 
397, 851 

437, 649 
326, 333 
163, 596 

48, 197 
114,540 

87, 728 

15,806,131 

3,503,013 
3, 361, 627 


1.0 

2.1 
4.4 
66.3 
6.7 

7.4 
5.5 
2.8 
.8 
1.9 
1.5 

100.0 

22.2 
21.3 


132.2 
76.8 
127.6 
171.5 
4l.7 

141.8 
107.5 
118.3 

90.1 
102.5 

60.4 

126.7 

122.1 
122.1 


13, 760, 000 
41,497,000 
58, 260, 000 
368, 992, 000 
212, 953, 000 

69,871,000 
61,379,000 
36, 094. 000 
7, 030, 000 
18,255,000 
39, 094, 000 

2,615,071,000 

738,018,000 
714,786,000 


1.5 

4.6 
6.4 
40.5 
23.4 

7.7 
6.7 
4.0 
.8 
2.0 
4.3 

100 

28.2 
27.3 


29, 655 
25,180 
28, 240 
16,070 
22, 336 

22,641 
20, 217 
26. 098 
13, 140 
16, 328 
26, 906 

20, 799 

25, 727 
25, 967 


224. 27 
327. 79 
221.30 
93. 09 
535. 26 

159.65 
188.09 
220. 63 
145. 86 
159. 38 
445. 63 

165.45 

210. 68 
212. 63 


4, 430, 000 
8, 214, 000 
17, 942, 000 
120,466,000 
59, 878, 000 

18,970,000 
17,358,000 
8.841,000 
2, 404, 000 
6.113,000 
9, 81S, 000 

714,886,000 

183,410,000 
177, 519, 000 


1.6 
3.1 
6.7 
44.8 
22.3 

7.1 
6.5 
3.3 
.9 
2.3 
3.7 

100.0 

25.7 
24.8 


9,547 
4,984 
8,697 
5,247 
6,280 

6,147 
5,717 
6,393 
4,493 
5,468 
6,757 

5,686 

6,393 
6,449 


72.20 
64. SS 
68.15 
30.59 
160. 50 

43.35 
53.19 
54.04 
49.88 
53.37 
111.91 

45.23 

52.36 
52.81 


32.2 




19.8 




30.8 




32.6 




28.1 


Livestock farms other than dairy 


27.2 




28.3 




24. S 




34.2 




33.5 




25.1 




27.3 


Field-crop farms other than vege- 
table and fruit-and-nut 


24.9 
24.8 








1,160 
1,470 
1,818 
50, 630 
6,761 

22, 007 
13,515 
1 764 
4,243 
7,508 
1,845 

140,632 

30,941 

29,509 

975 

457 

132 

242 

26, 064 

4,532 

68.383 
19,994 
1,351 
6,548 
12, 095 
344 


.9 
1.2 
1.4 
40.3 
4.6 

17.5 
10.7 
1.4' 
3.4 
6.0 
1.5 

100.0 

22.0 
21.0 
0.7 
0.3 
0.1 
0.2 
18.5 
3.2 

41.5 
14.2 
1.0 
4.7 
8.6 
1 0.2 


141,386 
129,991 
165, 254 
6, 866, 880 
368, 213 

2,937,124 

1,711,132 

185,218 

610, 628 

1,015,286 

124,524 

S3, 216, 922 

8,628,145 
8,411,612 
103, 721 
112.912 
10, 197 
16, 636 
4, 287, 898 
546,871 

15,292,316 
4,416,885 
394, 097 
1,083.600 
2, 939, 188 
1 17,974 


.9 
.8 

1.0 
43.4 

2.3 

18.6 
10.8 
1.2 
3.2 
6.4 
.8 

100.0 

26.0 
25.3 

0.3 

0.3 
(s) 

0.1 
12.9 

1.6 

46.0 
13.3 
1.2 
3.3 
8.8 
0.1 


121.9 
88.4 
90.9 

135.6 
63.9 

133.5 
126.6 
105.0 
120.3 
135.2 
67.5 

236.2 

278.9 
285.0 
106.4 
247.1 
77.2 
68.7 
164.5 
120.7 

261.9 
220.9 
291.7 
165. 6 
243. 
1 52.2 


23, 232, 000 
35, 402, 000 
34, 705, 000 
809,812,000 
94,176,000 

572, 823, 000 
289,103,000 
31, 358, 000 
88, 978, 000 
168, 767, 000 
41, 032, 000 

3, 328, 305, 000 

854, 384, 000 
824, 353, 000 
19,920,000 
10,111,000 
1,726,000 
3, 936, 000 
395, 320, 000 
60, 664, 000 

1,548,442.000 
457, 208, 000 
35,830,000 
126,297,000 
295,081,000 
6,626,000 


.9 
1.4 
1.3 
31.0 
3.6 

' 21.9 
11.1 
1.2 
3.4 
6.5 
1.6 

100.0 

25.7 
24.8 
0.6 
0.3 
0.1 
0.1 
11.9 
1.8 

46.5 
13.7 
1.1 
3.8 
8.9 
0.2 


20, 028 
24. 083 
19,090 
15,995 
16, 347 

26, 029 
21,391 
17, 777 
20, 971 
22. 478 
22, 240 

23, 687 

27, 613 
27, 936 
20,431 
22, 125 
13,076 
16, 264 
15, 167 
13,386 

26, 522 
22, 867 
26, 621 
19,288 
24, 397 
19, 269 


164.32 
272. 34 
210.01 
117.93 
255. 77 

195.03 
168.95 
169. 30 
174. 25 
166. 23 
329. 51 

100. 20 

99.02 

98.00 
192. 05 

89.55 
169.27 
236. 60 

92.19 
110. 93 

101. 26 
103. 51 
90.92 
1 16. 55 
100. 40 
368.59 


5,891,000 

6, 508, 000 

7, 583, 000 
273, 222, 000 

24, 646, 000 

132, 738, 000 
74, 689, 000 
8,041,000 
24, 294. 000 
42, 354, 000 
12, 090, 000 

903, 107, 000 

194, 500, 000 

188, 858, 000 

4, 313. 000 

1,329,000 

91,000 

1, 102, 000 

137, 802, 000 

16. 60S, 000 

420, 852, 000 
130, 307, 000 
10, 894, 000 
38, 235, 000 
81, 178, 000 
1,755,000 


.8 
.9 
1.1 
38.2 
3.4 

18.6 
10.4 
1.1 
3.4 
5.9 
1.7 

100.0 

21.5 
20.9 

0.5 

0.1 
M 

0.1 
15.3 

1.8 

46.6 
14.4 
1.2 
4.2 
9.0 
0.2 


5,078 
4,427 
4,171 
5,396 
4,278 

6,032 
5,526 
4,558 
5,726 
5,641 
6,553 

6,422 

6,286 
6,400 
4,424 
2,908 
689 
4,554 
5,291 
3,665 

7,208 
6,517 
8,064 
5,839 
6,712 
5,102 


41.67 
50.07 
45.89 
39.79 
66.93 

45.19 
43.65 
43.41 
47. 58 
41.72 
97.09 

27.19 

22.54 
22.45 
41.58 
11.77 
8.92 
66.24 
32.16 
30.37 

27.52 
29.60 
27.64 
35.29 
27.62 
97.64 


25.4 




18.4 




21.8 




33.7 




26.2 


Livestock farms other than dairy 


23.2 




25.8 




25.6 
27.3 


Crop and livestock,,,, r 


25.1 

29.5 




27.1 


Field-crop farms other than vege- 
table and fruit-and-nut ----- 


22.8 
22.9 




21.7 




13.1 




5.3 




28.0 




34.9 




27.4 


Livestock farms other than dairy 


27.2 




28.5 




30.4 




30.3 




27.5 




26.6 



Z 0.05 percent or less. 



82 



FARM-MORTGAGE DEBT 



Table 19. — Number, Acreage, Value, and Amount of Mortgage Debt, for Mortgaged Farms Operated by Full Owners, 
Classified by Type of Farm, by Geographic Divisions: 1956 — Continued 



Number of 
mortgaged com 
mercial farms 



Percent 
distri- 
bution 



Percent 
distri- 
bution 



Percent 
distri- 
bution 



Amount of mortgage debt on commercial faxma 



Percent 
distri- 
bution 



Average debt 
(dollars) 



South Atlantic 

Field-crop farms other than vege- 
table and fruit-and-nut _ 

Cash-grain 

Cotton 

Other field-crop 

Vegetable farms 

Fruit-and-nut farms 

Dairy farms 

Poultry farms 

Livestock farms other than dairy 

and poultry 

General farms 

Primarily crop 

Primarily livestock 

Crop and livestock _ 

Miscellaneous farms _ 



East South Central 

Field-crop farms other than vege- 
table and fruit-and-nut 

Cash-grain. 

Cotton 

Other field-crop 

Vegetable farms , 

Fruit-and-nut farms.- 

Dairy farms 

Poultry farms- 

Livestock farms other than dairy 
and poultry 

General farms 

Primarily crop 

Primarily livestock 

Crop and livestock 

Miscellaneous farms .. . . ... 



West South Central ____ 

Field-crop farms other than rege- 

table and fruit-and-nut 

Cash-grain... 

Cotton 

Other field-crop... 

Vegetable farms 

Fruit-and-nut farms 

Dairy farms _. 

Poultry farms _ 

Livestock farms other than dairy 
and poultry 

Genera! farms 

Primarily crop 

Primarily livestock- 

Crop and livestock _. 

Miscellaneous farms 



Mountain 

Field-crop farms other than vege- 
table and fruit-and-nut 

Cash-grain 

Cotton 

Other field-crop _ 

Vegetable farms 

Fruit-and-nut farms _ 

Dairy farms 

Poultry farms 

Livestock farms other than dairy 

and poultry _ 

General farms 

Primarily crop 

Frimarily livestock.. 

Crop and livestock 

Miscellaneous farms 



Paoifio 

Field-crop farms other than vege- 
table and fruit-and-nut _. 

Cash-grain 

Cotton 

Other field-crop 

Vegetable farms 

Fruit-and-nut farms 

Dairy farms ^_. 

Poultry farms 

Livestock farms other than dairy 

and poultry 

General farms 

Primarily crop 

Primarily livestock ,„. 

Crop and livestock .... 

Miscellaneous farms 



5,801 
21, 315 
1,338 
3,904 
7,912 
9,067 

9,660 



1,033 

'."I. .120 
14,313 



25, 436 
fi, 774 

18, 478 
1,184 



7,573 
4, 022 
1, 430 
2,121 



5,562 
2,332 
2,555 
675 
1,129 
14,046 
9,116 
8,734 

5,808 
3,917 
2,120 



27.7 
21.4 
9.2 



18.3 
}7.6 



12,835,465 

4,001,868 

698, 927 

1, 046, 673 

2, 256, 268 
224, 130 
810, 025 

1, 655, 219 
776, 863 

3, 702, 612 
1, 470, 589 

610, 287 
70,001 
796, 301 



9, 651, 690 

4, 243, 352 

268,428 

2, 376, 496 
1, 598. 428 

3,332 

60,060 

1, 187, 316 

282,317 

2, 352, 174 
978, 824 
306, 859 
57,788 
615. 177 
454,316 

22, 69B, 446 

6,010,33-. 
1, 920. 86s 

3, 889, 665 
199,912 

53,885 

78,204 

1, 147, 491 

426, 653 

12,891,666 
1,442,943 
505, 494 
71,502 
S65, 947 
547, 269 

19, oee, 496 



314, 969 
365, 753 
22,261 
35,687 
1, 194, 221 
177,488 

12, 769, 556 

1. 724, 756 

578.627 



9,293,975 

1, 873, 823 

1, 667, 960 

230, 729 

75,144 

66, 310 



844,509 
336, 252 
34, 620 
473,637 
260, 382 



134.6 
280.1 
177.4 
105.7 
167.5 
207.5 
196.6 
85.7 

383.3 
232.6 
179.4 
196.1 



163.6 

118.6 
258. 6 
116.3 
111.7 
45.0 
182.7 
171.2 
119.4 

252.9 
151.2 
155.4 



2,16.3 
332. 7 
210.5 
168. S 
128.9 
104.0 
185. 3 
98.2 

S48.0 
273.7 

26(1. 7 



581.1 

406. 9 

596. 9 
220.3 
172.4 
60.6 
45.2 
197.4 
121.3 

1, 406. 3 
246.0 
191. 4 
171.5 
309.4 
156.4 

187.1 



158.6 
194.5 
292.5 



366, 674, 000 
69, 310, 000 
72, 352, 000 
225,012,000 
23, 056, 000 
297, 787, 000 
203, 007, 000 
123, 686, 000 

340, 644, 000 
119,857,000 
51,496,000 
7, 545, 000 
60,816,000 
37, 666, 000 

829, 206, 000 

354, 811, 000 
17, 602, 000 
189,751,000 
147.458,000 
213,000 
6, 826, 000 
1 19, 758, 000 
27, 457, 000 

220, 443, 000 
74, 470, 000 
23,213,000 
3,610,000 
47, 617, 000 
25, 228, 000 



1,630,487,000 I 100.0 



744. 725, 000 
232. 880, 000 
499, 455, 000 
12. 390, 000 
7, 512, 000 
7, 758, 000 
104,827,000 
52,311,000 

555, 499, 000 
134,020,000 
56, 694, 000 
5,254,000 
72, 078, 000 
23, 829, 000 



318, 403, 000 
175,237,000 

76, 017, 000 

67, 149, 000 
9, 8S3, 000 

19, 239, 000 
169, 654, 000 

28, 638, 000 

476. 656, 000 
179.681,009 
69, 608, 000 
8, 241, 000 
101. 832, 000 
4, 954, 000 



319, 070, 000 
174,164,000 
119,155,000 
25,751,000 
35, 769, 000 
793,218,000 
311,254,000 
240, 181, 000 

355, 700, 000 
191,473,000 
110, 609, 000 
2,629,000 
78,235,000 
48,683,000 



45. 7 
14.3 
30.6 



100.0 
13.9 



12.129 
27, 780 

12, 201 
10, 542 
17,232 
76. 277 
25, 658 
13,641 

35,263 
18,884 
15,141 
21, 134 
23, 490 
19, 536 

13, 332 



10,302 
2,878 
24,912 
17, 269 
11, 610 

23, 698 
11,503 
11,795 
8,474 
11,678 
25,406 

28,063 

iO, 333 
27,030 
10. 465 
17, 971 

10, 372 
16,929 
12, 037 

36, 539 

25. J 22 
29. 2. 9 

1 1, 624 

25. (US 

40,031 
36, 781 

42,045 

43, 570 
53, 159 
31, 659 
22, 461 
24,384 
28,042 
19, 675 



12, 978 
30, 379 
12,054 

46, 199 

57, 366 
74,684 
46,636 
38,150 
31,682 
56, 473 
34,144 
27,500 

61, 243 
48,883 
52, 174 
14, 770 
48.323 
35,483 



91.63 
99.17 
69.13 
99.73 
102. 87 
367.63 
130. 53 
159. 21 

92.00 
81.17 
84.38 

107. 78 
76.37 

130.71 

86.81 



1.16 36 
100.86 
07.26 



75.89 
62.47 
77. 45 
55.53 

72.16 

123. 91 
121.24 
128. 41 
61.98 
139. 41 
99.20 
91.35 
122. 61 

43.09 
92. 8.x 
112. 16 
73. 48 
83. 24 
43.54 

83.30 

103.34 
73.00 
241. 35 
183.59 
443. 96 
539. 10 
142.06 
161.35 

37.32 
104.18 
120.30 
74.68 
98.18 
77.08 

246. 97 

170.28 
111.08 
516.43 

342. 69 
539. 42 

1,134.89 

343. 30 
675. 46 

82.96 
226.73 
328.95 

75.94 
165. 18 
186.97 



363,210,000 

90.854.000 

15, 742, 000 
16, 881, 000 
58, 231, 000 

7, 400, 000 
56,811,000 
53, 626, 000 
32, 813, 000 

84,577,000 

29, 164, 000 

14, 559, 000 

920,000 

13, 685, 000 
7, 965, 000 

247, 207, 000 

110,818,000 
7,338,000 
01,967.000 
41.513,000 
46,000 
1,060,000 
38, 352, 000 
9,029,000 

56, 042. 000 
23, 425, 000 
7,201,000 
1,541,000 

14, 683, 000 
8,436,000 

346, 022, 000 

148,295,000 
39,903,000 
106, 186, 000 
3, 206, 000 
1, 440, 000 
1, 668, 000 
28, 909, 000 
13, 428, 000 

115,945,000 

23, 490, 000 
13,326,000 

1,978.000 
13, 186, 000 
6, 847, 000 

316, 346, 000 

77, 665, 000 
41, 255, 000 

16, 735, 000 
19,675,000 

2, 109, 000 
4,681,000 
52, 642, 000 
9, 283, 000 

122, 768, 000 
44, 537. 000 
16, 705, 000 

1, 937, 000 
25, 895, 000 

1, 660, 000 

686, 608, 000 

88, 115, 000 
56, 200, 000 

24, 795, 000 
7,120,000 
8, 320, 000 

176,978,000 
85. 844, 000 
59,515,000 

105, 975, 000 
53, 197, 000 
30,611,000 
885,000 
21, 701, 000 
8, 664, 000 



26.1 
16.8 
ft) 



43.0 
11.6 
30.6 



1(1. 2 
14.6 
10.1 



2,728 
6,531 
14, 552 
6,778 
3,619 

8,755 
4,595 
4,281 
2,577 
5,286 
4,131 

3,975 



3,869 
5,530 
3,818 

0,025 
3,618 
3,659 
3,617 
3,699 
8,494 

6,938 

5,830 
0,911 
5, 092 
2,708 
3,445 
2,230 
4,669 



7,026 
5, 404 
6,873 
4,376 
4,577 
14,088 



10,256 

10, 257 

11, 703 
9,276 
4,793 
5,933 
8,701 
6,345 

13, 521 
6.353 
5,626 
3,050 
7,725 



11,805 

16,842 
24, 099 

9.705 
10, 548 

7,369 
12,600 

9,417 

6,814 

18,246 
13.581 
14, 439 

4,972 
13,404 

6,242 



28.30 

22.70 
22.52 
16.13 
25.81 
33.02 
70.13 
34.48 
42.24 



23.86 
13.14 
17.19 



26.12 
27.34 
26.07 
25.97 
13.81 
21.17 
32.30 
31.98 

23.83 
23.93 
23.64 
26.67 
23.87 
18.57 



24.67 
20.77 
27.04 
16.04 
26.72 
21.33 
25.19 
31.47 



19.74 
26.36 
27.66 
15.23 
12.51 

16.64 

25.21 
17.19 
53.13 
53.79 
94.74 
131. 17 
44.08 
52.30 

9.61 

25.82 
28.87 
17.79 
24.97 
25.83 

63.11 

47.02 

35.84 
107. 46 

94.75 
125.47 
253.21 

94.68 
167.37 

24.72 
62.99 
91.04 
25.56 
45.82 
32.89 



Z 0.05 percent or less. 



FRINTIHS OFFICE: l»»J