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Full text of "United States census of agriculture: 1954"

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SIZE OF OPERATION 
BY TYPE OF FARM 



SPECIAL REPORTS 




Vol. Ill - pi. 8 





1954 

Census 

F 

Agriculture 








U. S. DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE • BUREAU OF THE CENSUS • WASHINGTON • 7956 









^^ ^ ^^^ ^^ "^^^ Cg>>ii'^i' 



U. S. Department of Commerce 

Sinclair Weeks, Secretary 
Bureau of the Census 

Robert W. Burgess, Director 



United States 
Census 

F 

Agriculture: 

1954 

Volume III 

SPECIAL REPORTS 

Part 8 

SIZE OF OPERATION BY TYPE OF FARM 



FARMS • FARM CHARACTERISTICS • 
FOR ECONOMIC SUBREGIONS 



Bostoii i ujiiC Library 
Superintendent of Documents 

APR 2 2 1957 







31 



BUREAU OF THE CENSUS 

ROBERT W. BURGESS, Director 

A. Ross EcKLER, Deputy Director 
Howard C. Grieves, Ass/s/a>!t Director 

Robert Y. Phillips, Special Assisliiut 
Conrad Taeuber, Assistant Director 

Jack B. Robertson, Special Assistant 
Morris H. Hansen, Assistant Director for Statistical Standards 
Walter L. Kehres, Assistant Director for Administration 
Calvert L. Dedrick, Coordinator, International Statistics 
A. W. VON Struve, Acting Public Information Officer 

Agriculture Division — 
Ray Hurley, Chief 
Warder B. Jenkins, Assistant Cpief 

Administrative Service Division — Everett H. Burke, Chief 

Budget and Management Division — Charles H. Alexander, Chief 

Business Division — Harvey Kailin, Chief 

Census Operations Division — Marion D. Bingham, Chief 

Field Division — Robert B. Voight, Chief 

Foreign Trade Division — J. Edward Ely, Chief 

Geography Division — Clarence E. Batschelet, Chief 

Governments Division — Allen D. Manvel, Chief 

Industry Division — Maxwell R. Conklin, Chief 

Machine Tabulation Division — C. F. Van Aken, Chief 

Personnel Division — Helen D. Almon, Chief 

Population and Housing Division — Howard G. Brunsman, Chief 

Statistical Reports Division — Edwin D. Goldfield, Chief 

Statistical Research Division — William N. HurwiTz, Chief 

Transportation Division— Donald E. Church, Chief 



SUGGESTED IDENTIFICATION 

U. S. Bureau of the Census. U. S. Census of Agriculture: 195i. Vol. Ill, Special Reports, 
Part 8, Size of Operation by Type of Farm 
U. S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D. C, 1956. 



For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U. S. Government Printing Office, Washington 
25, D. C, or any of the Field Offices of the Department of Commerce, Price $5.25 (paper cover) 



II 



PREFACE 



Volume III, Special Reports, comprises a group of special compilations and summaries 
of data from the 1954 Census of Agriculture and related surveys. Part 8 of Volume III, 
"Size of Operation by Type of Farm," presents statistics for 110 subregions on the 
number and characteristics of farms of each type by economic class of farm. 

The compilation of data for this report was made as a part of the 1954 Census of Agri- 
culture. The 1954 Census of Agriculture was taken in conformity with the Act of Congress 
(Title 13, United States Code) approved August 31, 1954, vvhich includes provision for the 
mid-decade Censuses of Agriculture. 

The collection of the data was carried out by Census enumerators directed by super- 
visors appointed by the Director of the Census and working under the direction of Jack B. 
Robertson, then Chief, Field Division. Ernest R. Underwood, then special Assistant to the 
Director, was responsible for the recruitment of the field staff. The planning of the Census 
and the compilation of the statistics were supervised by Ray Hurley, Chief, Agriculture 
Division, and Warder B. Jenkins, Assistant Chief. They were assisted by J. Thomas 
Breen, Hilton E. Robison, Orvin L. Wilhite, Hubert li. Collins, Benjamin J. Tepping, Lois 
Hutchison, Carl R. Nyman, Robert A. Overton, M. Vincent Lindquist, Russell V. Oliver, 
Charles F. Frazier, Gladys L. Eagle, Orville M. Slye, Gaylord G. Green, Harold N. Cox, 
Henry A. Tucker, Julia Moring, Margaret Wood, and Lois Miller. 

December 1956 



UNITED STATES CENSUS OF AGRICULTURE: 1954 

REPORTS 

Volume I. — Counties and State Economic Areas. Statistics for counties include number of farms, acreage, value, and farm opera- 
tors; farms by color and tenure of operator; facilities and equipment; use of commercial fertilizer; farm labor; farm expenditures; 
livestock and livestock products; specified crops harvested; farms classified by type of farm and by economic class; and value of 
products sold by source. 

Data f<ir State economic areas include farms and farm characteristics by tenure of operator, by type of farm, and by economic class. 
Volume I is published in 33 parts as follows ; 



Part 


State or States 


Part 


State or States 


Part 


State or States 


1 


New England States: 




West North Central: 




East South Central — Continued 




Maine. 


8 


Minnesota. 


21 


Alabama. 




New Hampshire. 


9 


Iowa. 


22 


Mississippi. 




Vermont. 


10 


Missouri. 




West South Central: 




Massachusetts. 


11 


North Dakota and South 


23 


Arkansas. 




Rhode Island. 




Dakota. 


24 


Louisiana. 




Connecticut. 


12 


Nebraska. 


25 


Oklahoma. 


2 


Middle Atlantic States: 


13 


Kansas. 


26 


Texas. 




New York. 




South Atlantic: 




Mountain: 




New Jersey. 


14 


Delaware and Mar viand. 


27 


Montana. 




Pennsylvania. 


1.5 


Virginia and West Virginia. 


28 


Idaho. 




East North Central: 


16 


North Carolina and South 


29 


Wyoming and Colorado. 


3 


Ohin 




Carolina. 


30 


New Mexico and Arizona. 


4 


Indiana. 


17 
18 


Georgia. 
Florida. 


31 


Utah and Nevada. 
Pacific: 


5 


Illinois. 




East South Central: 


32 


Washington and Oregon. 


6 


Michigan. 


19 


Kentucky. 


33 


California. 


7 


Wisconsin. 


20 


Tennessee. 







Volume II. — General Report. Statistics liy Subjects, United States Census of Agriculture, 1954. Summary data and analyses of 
the data for States, for Geographic Divisions, and for the United States by subjects as illustrated by the chapter titles listed below: 



Chapter 


Title 


Chapter 


Title 


I 


Farms and Land in Farms. 


VII 


Field Crops and Vegetables. 


II 


Age, Residence, Years on Farm, Work Off P'arm. 


VIII 


Fruits and Nuts, Horticultural Specialties, Forest 


III 


Farm Facilities, Farm Equipment. 




Product.'. 


IV 


Farm Labor. Use of Fertilizer, Farm Expenditures, and 


IX 


Value of Farm Products. 




Cash Rent. 


X 


Color, Race, and Tenure of Farm Operator. 
Economic Class of Farm. 


V 


Size of Farm. 


XI 


VI 


Livestock and Livestock Products. 


XII 


Type of Farm. 



Volume III. — Special Reports 
Part 1. — Uultlple-unlt Operations. This report will be similar to 
Part 2 of Volume V of the reports for the 1950 Census of 
Agriculture. It will present statistics for approximately 900 
counties and State economic areas in 12 Southern States and 
Missouri for the number and characteristics of multiple-unit 
operations and farms in multiple units. 

Part 2.— Ranking Agricultural Counties. This special report will 
present statistics for selected items of inventory and agricul- 
tural production for the leading counties in the United States. 

Part 3. — Alaska, Hawaii, Puerto Rico, District of Columbia, and 
IT. S. Possessions. These areas were not included in the 1954 
Census of Agriculture. The available current data from vari- 
ous Government sources will be compiled and published in 
this report. 

Part 4. — Agriculture, 1954, a Graphic Summary. This report will 
present graphically some of the significant facts regarding 
agriculture and agricultural production as revealed by the 1954 
Census of Agriculture. 

Part 5. — Farm-mortgage Debt. This will be a cooperative study 
by the Agricultural Research Service of the U. S. Department 
of Agriculture and the Bureau of the Census. It will present, 
by States, data based on the 1954 Census of Agriculture and a 
special mail survey to be conducted in January 1956, on the 
number of mortgaged farms, the amount of mortgage debt, and 
the amount of debt held by principal lending agencies. 



Part G. — Irrigation in Humid Areas. This cooperative report by 
the Agricultural Research Service of the U. S. Department of 
Agriculture and the Bureau of the Census will present data ob- 
tained by a mail survey of operators of irrigated farms in 28 
States on the source of water, method of applying water, num- 
ber of pumps used, acres of crops irrigated in 1954 and 1955, 
the number of times each crop was irrigated, and the cost of 
irrigation equipment and the irrigation system. 

Part 7. — Popular Report of the 1954 Census of Agrriculture. This 
report is planned to be a general, easy-to-read publication for 
the general public on the stiitus and broad characteristics of 
United States agriculture. It will seek to delineate such as- 
pects of agriculture as the geographic distribution and dif- 
ferences by size of farm for such items as farm acreage, 
principal crops, and important kinds of livestock, farm facili- 
ties, farm equipment, use of fertilizer, soil conservation prac- 
tices, farm tenure, and farm income. 

Part 8. — Size of Operation by Type of Farm. This will be a coop- 
erative special report to be prepiired in cooperation with the 
Agricultural Research Service of the U. S. Department of Agri- 
culture. This report will contain data for 119 economic sub- 
regions, (essentially general type-of-farming areas) showing the 
general characteristics for each type of farm by economic class. 
It will provide data for a current analysis of the differences 
that exist among groups of famis of the same type. It will 
furnish statistical basis for a realistic examination of produc- 
tion of such c<>mmo<lities as wheat, cotton, and dairy products 
in connection with actual or proposed governmental policies 
and programs. 



IV 



INTRODUCTION 



CONTENTS 



INTRODUCTION 



Page 

Purpose DC 

Presentation of statistics DC 

Other reports by type of farm IX 

Fanns classified by type DC 

Basis of classification DC 

Limitations of the use of value of products sold for classifying fanns by type... x 

CcHt^jarisons of value of farm products sold by type of fanii XIII 

Faims by econcmic class XIII 

Cammercial farms XIII 

DEFINITIONS AND EXPLANATIONS 

General Fann Information 

Date of enumeration XIII 

A fann XIII 

Fann operator XIV 

Fanns reporting or operators reporting XIV 

Land In fanns XIV 

Land in fanns according to use XIV 

Cropland harvested XIV 

Cropland used only for pasture XIV 

Cropland not harvested and not pastured XIV 

Woodland pastured XIV 

Woodland not pastured XIV 

Other pasture (not cropland and not woodland ) XIV 

Other land (house lots, roads, wasteland, etc.) XIV 

Cropland, total XIV 

Land pastured, total XV 

Woodland, total XV 

Value of land and buildings XV 

Irrigated land in fanns XV 

Fertilizer XV 

Residence of farm operator XV 

Farms by size XV 

Fanns by color of operator XV 



DEFINITIONS AND EXPLANATIONS— Continued 
General Farm Information — Continued 

Page 

Fanns by tenure of operator XV 

Owners , part owners , and managers XV 

Tenants XV 

Age of operator XV 

Of f -farm wort and other incane XV 

Classification of farms by class of work power XVI 

Specified facilities and equipnent XVI 

Fann labor XVI 

Regular and seasonal workers XVI 

Specified farm expenditures XVT 

Crops 

Crops harvested XVI 

Annual legumes XVII 

Hay crops XVII 

Irish potatoes and sweetpotatoes XVII 

Tree fruits, nuts, and grapes XVII 

Nursery and greenhouse products XVI I 

Value of all farm products sold XVII 

Livestock and Poultry 

Milk sold XVII 

Sows and gilts farrowing XVII 

Goats and mohair XVI I 

Livestock products XVII 

Sale of live animals XVIII 

Source and Reliability of Data 

Source of data XVIII 

Method of estimation XVIII 

Reliability of estimates based on the sample XVIII 

Differences in published data XVIII 



Economic subregions VIII 

State economic areas VIII 

TEXT TABLES 

Table 1.— Number of fanns by type of fann, by economic subregions: Census of 1954 XI 

Table 2. — Sampling reliability of estimated number of farms, farms reporting, and totals for specified items, subregions, and United States: Census of 195-; XVIII 

Table 3. — Indicated level of sampling reliability of estimated subregion and United States totals for specified items: Census of 1954 XIX 

SUMMARY TABLES FOR THE UNITED STATES 

Table 1. — Farms and farm characteristics, by economic class, for the United States: Census of 1954 

Page 

All cash-grain farms 2 

All cotton farms 6 

All other field-crop farms 10 

All vegetable farms 14 

All f ruit-and-nut farms 18 

All dairy farms 22 



All poultry farms 26 

All livestock farms 30 

General: 

Primarily crop 34 

Primarily livestock -■. . 38 

Crop and livestock 42 

Miscellaneous 46 



TABLES FOR SUBREGIONS 



Table 2. — Farms and fann characteristics for CASH-CffiAIN farms, by econcmic class: Census of 1954 



Subreglon Page 

15 52 

28 56 

47 60 

46 64 

49 68 

51 72 

62 76 

63 80 

64 84 

69 88 

70 92 

71 96 



Subreglon Page 

72 100 

75 104 

76 108 

78 112 

83 116 

84 120 

85 124 

86 129 

87 133 

89 U7 

90 142 



Subreglon Page 

91 146 

92 150 

93 155 

94 159 

101 163 

103 167 

105 171 

106 175 

110 179 

112 183 

116 187 



(VI) 



CONTENTS 



TABLES FOR SUBHEOIONS— Continued 
Table 3. — Fanna nnd fann characteristics for COTTON fanns, by economic claso: Census of 195* 



Sub region 

23 

34 

35 

36 



38. 
41. 
42. 
43. 
55. 



Pago 
192 
196 
200 
204 
208 
212 
216 
220 
224 
228 



Sub region 

56 

57 

59 

60 

61 

74 

75 

76 

78 

79 



Page 
232 



240 
244 



252 
256 



264 
268 



Subreglon Pag© 

80 272 

97 276 

98 280 

99 284 

101 288 

102 292 

103 296 

108 300 

114 304 

116 308 



Table 4. — Farma and farm characteristics for OTHER FIELD-CROP famis, by econcnic class: Census of 1954 



Subreglon Pa^e 

1 31X 

19 318 

20 322 

21 326 

22 330 

23 334 

24 338 

25 342 



Subreglon Page 

31 346 

32 350 

33 354 

36 358 

37 362 

38 366 

41 370 



Subreglon Page 

44 374 

45 378 

52 382 

53 386 

77 390 

96 394 

112 398 



Table 5. — Fanns and farm characteristics for VEGETABLE farms, by economic class: Census of 1954 



Subreglon 

14 

15 



Page 
404 
408 



Subreglon 

39 

115 



Page 
412 
415 



Subreglon 

116 

117 



Page 
419 
423 



Table 6.— Farms and fann characteristics for FRUIT-AJ]D-KUT famis, by economic class: Census of 1954 



Subreglon 

39 

Ill 



Page 
428 
432 



Subreglon 

115 

116 



Page 
436 
440 



Subreglon 

117 

119 



Page 

445 

449 



Table 7, — Faims and fann characteristics for DAIRY farms, by econcsnlc class: Census of 1954 



Subreglon 
1 



10. 
16. 
17. 
27. 
28. 
29. 
30. 



Page 
454 
458 
462 
466 
470 
474 
478 
482 
486 
490 
494 
498 
502 
506 
510 



Subreglon 

32 

34 

47 

48 

49 

50 

54 

58 

64 

65 

66 

67 

68 

69 

71 



Page 

514 
518 
522 
526 
530 
534 
538 
542 
546 
550 
554 
558 
562 
566 
570 



Subreglon Page 

72 574 

73 578 

32 582 

84 586 

85 590 

88 594 

94 598 

103 602 

110 606 

112 610 

115 614 

116 618 

118 622 

119 626 



Table 8. — Fanns and fann characteristics for POULTRY fanns, by econcmic class: Census of 1954 



Subreglon 
2 



4.. 
5.. 

W. 
15. 



Page 
632 
636 
639 
643 
647 
651 



Subreglon 

16 

18 

26 

33 

42 



Page 
655 
659 
663 
667 
671 



Subreglon 

82 

115 

116 

U7 

U9 



Table 9. — F^nns and farm characteristics for LIVESTOCK, OTHER THAN DAIRY AND POULTRY farms, by economic class: Census of 1954 



Subreglon 

16 

26 

23 

29 

30 

32 

41 



48. 
49. 
51. 
52. 
54. 
59. 
62. 
63. 
68. 



Page 
696 
700 
704 
708 
712 
716 
720 
724 
728 
732 
736 
740 
744 
743 
752 
756 
760 
764 
768 
772 



Subreglon 

69 

70 

71 

72 



76. 
80. 
81. 
83. 
84. 
85. 
86. 
87. 
91. 
92. 
93. 
94. 
95. 
96. 
97. 



Page 

776 
780 
784 
788 
792 
796 
800 



820 
824 
829 
833 
837 
841 
845 
849 
853 



Subreglon 
93 

100 

101 

103 

104 

105 

106 

107 

103 

109 

110 

Ill 

112 

113 

114 

115 

116 

117 

118 

119 



Page 
675 
679 
683 
687 
691 



Page 

857 
361 
865 
869 
873 
877 
881 
885 
839 
893 
897 
901 
905 
909 
913 
917 
921 
925 
929 
933 



Table 10.— Fanns and farm characteristics for GENERAL fanns, by economic class: Census of 1954 



Subreglon 

16 

28 

32 

38 

41 

44 

46 

47 

48 

49 

52 



Page 


Subreglon 


938 


53 


942 


68 


946 


69 


950 


70 


954 


71 


958 


72 


962 


84 


966 


85 


970 


86 


974 


37 


978 


90 



Page 


Subreglon 


982 


91 


936 


92 


990 


93 


994 


94 


998 


97 


1002 


101 


1006 


103 


1010 


106 


1014 


110 


1018 


112 


1023 





Page 

... 1027 

... 1031 

... 1035 

... 1039 

... 1043 

... 1047 

. .. 1051 

... 1055 

. .. 1059 

. .. 1063 



(VII) 




LEGEND 

STBrE BOJtOUtr 

•M Itinn r>i c«»i'<' <tim >'K1.car. rxsi a Stax 


STATE 


ECONOMIC AREAS 


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INTRODUCTION 



Purpose. — Tlio purpose of this re|)ort is to prosoiit selected 
data showing the characteristics of farms and farm operators for 
commercial farms, classified by type of farm. 

The purpose of a cla.ssification of farms by type is to show (a) 
the kinds of farms in the various parts of the Nation ; (b) the varia- 
tion in the use of resources, production, sales, and organization 
among farms of the various types; and (c) the characteristics of 
the operators for different types of farms. The classification of 
farms by type places together farms having a high degree of uni- 
formity in the kind and relative amount (proportion) of crops and 
livestock handled and in the methods and practices followed in 
production. The degree of agricultural specialization and the 
pattern of production can thus be shown. Information thus classi- 
fied provides a basis for the study and analysis of agricultural 
problems, such as land use, soil conservation, and the production 
and marketing of agricultural commodities. It also is of value to 
those who provide products and services for farms and farm people. 

Farms in each type have been further classified on the basis of 
economic class of farm, or on the basis of total value of farm products 
sold. The data provide a cross-section view of the organization, 
use of resources, productivity, and measures of differences for 
groups of farms of the same type in various parts of the country. 

Presentation of statistics. — All the data presented in this report 
are for the United States or for economic subregions. The bound- 
aries of the 119 subregions used for presenting data for this report 
are indicated by the map on page VI. Subregions represent pri- 
marily general type-of-farm areas and represent in all except 17 
cases, combinations of State economic areas. Many of the eco- 
nomic subregions extend into two or more States. (For a more 
detailed description of economic subregions, see the publication 
"Economic Subregions of the United States, Series Census BAE; 
No. 19," published cooperatively by the Bureau of the Census 
and the Bureau of Agricultural Economics, U. S. Department of 
Agriculture, July 1953.) 

The statistics have been arranged by type of farm. For each 
type of farm, there are presented statistics for the United States 
and for the subregions in which the number of farms of the type 
represent a significant number of farms. Usually, data are not 
presented for a subregion unless the number of farms of a type 
was at least 3,000. Table 1 presents the number of farms by type 
of farm for each subregion. When the figure for the number of 
farms is shown in italics, this report contains detailed statistics 
for farms of that type for the subregion. Data for the three groups 
of general farms — i. e., primarily crop, primarily livestock, or both 
livestock and crop — are not shown for any subregion, but are 
shown for the United States. 

For each type of farm, the tables for subregions are arranged 
according to the subregion number. 

The table for each type for each subregion contains totals for 
all commercial farms in order to facilitate the determination of 
the relative importance of farms of the specific type of farm in 
the subregion. 

Other reports by type of farm. — A description and analysi.s of 
the data contained in this report for the more important types of 
farms are presented in Part 9 of Volume III of the reports for the 
1954 Census of Agriculture. Statistics for State economic areas 
are given in Economic Area Tables 4, 5, and 6 of Volume I of the 
reports for the 1954 Census of Agriculture. Summary data are 
given for each type of farm in Chapter XII and for each economic 



class of farm in Chapter XI of Volume II of the reports for the 
1954 Census of Agriculture. 

Farms classified by type. In uuikiiig llie classificMtidii by type 
of farm for the 1951 Census, farms were divided into two groups — 
commercial farms and other farms. Data are presented by type 
of farm only for commercial farms. 

Commercial farms are those, except abnormal farms, with a total 
value of farm products sold of $1,200 or more during one year plus 
those farms with a value of farm products sold of .1250 to $1,199, 
provided the farm operator worked off his farm less than 100 days 
and the total value of farm products sold was greater than the in- 
come received by him and members of his family from nonfarm 
sources. (See Chapter XI, "Economic Class of Farm," for a more 
complete discussion of the composition of commercial farms.) 

Other farms comprise part-time, residential, and abnormal farms. 
Part-time farms are farms with a value of farm products sold of 
$250 to $1,199, provided that the farm operator reported 100 or 
more days of work off the farm during the year, or that the nonfarm 
income received by him and members of his family was greater than 
the total value of agricultural products sold. Residential farms 
include all farms, except abnormal farms, with a total value of 
agricultural products sold of less than $250. Abnormal farms 
comprise puV)lic and private institutional farms, community enter- 
prises, experiment-station farms, grazing associations, etc. 

Total Number of Farms with the Number of Proportion 
Classified by Type of Farm: Census of 1954 



Item 


1954 


Total number of farms. 




4. 783, 021 








Commercial farms: 
Number 


3,327,617 
69.6 




Other farms: 


1, 455, 404 


Percent of total . . 


30.4 







Basis of classification. — The cIas.sification of commercial farms 
by type was made on the basis of the relationship of the value of 
sales from a particular source, or sources, to the total value of all 
farm products sold from the farm. In some cases, the type of farm 
was determined on the basis of the sale of an individual farm 
product, such as cotton, or on the basis of the sales of closely re- 
lated products such as dairy products. In other cases, the type of 
farm was determined on the basis of sales of a broader group of 
products, such as grain crops including corn, sorghums, all small 
grains, field peas, field beans, cowpeas, and soybeans. In order to 
be classified as a particular type, sales or anticipated sales of a 
product or group of products had to represent 50 percent or more 
of the total value of products sold. 

The types of commercial farms for which data are shown, to- 
gether with the product or group of products on which the classi- 
fication is based are: 

Product or group of prodtich amounting to 60 percent or 
Type of farm more of the value of all farm products sold 

Cash-grain Corn, sorghum, small grains, field peas, 

field beans, cowpeas, and soybeans. 

Cotton Cotton (lint and seed). 

Other field-crop Peanuts, Irish potatoes, sweetpotatoes, 

tobacco, sugarcane, sugar beets for 
sugar, and other miscellaneous crops. 

iz 



SIZE OF OPERATION BY TYPE OF FARM 



Product or group of products amounting to SO percent or 
Type of farm more of the value of all farm products sold 

Vegetable Vegetables. 

Fruit-and-nut Berries and other small fruits and tree 

fruits, grapes, and nuts. 

Dairy Milk and other dairy products. The cri- 
terion of 50 percent of the total sales 
was modified in the case of dairy farms. 
A farm for which the value of sales of 
dairy products represented less than 50 
percent of the total value of farm prod- 
ucts sold was classified as a dairy farm if: 

(a) Milk and other dairy products ac- 
counted for 30 percent or more of 
the total value of products sold, and 

(b) Milk cows represented 50 percent 
or more of all cows, and 

(c) Sales of dairy products, together 
with the sales of cattle and calves, 
amounted to 50 percent or more of 
the total value of farm products 
sold. 

Poultry Chickens, eggs, turkeys, and other poultry 

products. 
Livestock farms other 
than dairy and 

poultry Cattle, calves, hogs, sheep, goats, wool, and 

mohair, provided the farm did not 
qualify as a dairy farm. 

General Farms were classified as general when the 

value of products from one source or 
group of sources did not represent as 
much as 50 percent of the total value of 
all farm products sold. Separate figures 
are given for three kinds of general 
farms: 

(a) Primarily crop 
(6) Primarily livestock 
(c) Crop and livestock 

PTimarily crop farms are those for which 
the sale of one of the following crops or 
groups of crops — vegetables, fruits and 
nuts, cotton, cash grains or other field 
crops — did not amount to 50 percent or 
more of the value of all farm products 
sold, but for which the value of sales for 
all these groups of crops represented 70 
percent or more of the value of all farm 
products sold. 

Primarily livestock farms are those which 
could not qualify as dairy farms, poultry 
farms, or livestock farms other than 
dairy and poultry, but on which the sale 
of livestock and poultry and livestock 
and poultry products amounted to 70 
percent or more of the value of all farm 
products sold. 

General crop and livestock farms are those 
which could not be classified as either 
crop farms or livestock farms, but on 
which the sale of all crops amounted to 
at least 30 percent but less than 70 per- 
cent of the total value of all farm prod- 
ucts sold. 

Miscellaneous This group of farms includes those that had 

50 percent or more of the total value of 
products accounted for by sale of horti- 
cultural products, or sale of horses, or 
sale of forest products. In 1950, this 
group of farms also included those that 
had 50 percent or more of the total value 
of farm products accounted for by the 
sale of fur animals or the sale of bees and 
honey. 

The above types provide a classification meaningful to large areas 
of the United States both as to number of farms, and as to the kind 
of farming followed. Relatively unimportant types, such as forest 
product farms, horse farms, etc., were grouped as miscellaneous 
since the main purpose in classifying these was to exclude them 
from the other types. 

Cotton farms were classified separately from "Other field-crop 
farms" because they constitute such a large proportion of the total 
farms. The separate classification of cotton farms also makes the 



data more useful in areas where cotton is a competing cash crop 
with peanuts or tobacco. Usually it is possible to identify the crop 
accounting for the "Other field-crop farms" because, in most areas, 
only one crop provides the source of income for other field crop 
farms. 

General farms were separated into three groups in order to pro- 
vide a more specific description of the farms not obtaining as much 
as 50 percent of the value of all farm products sold from one source 
or group of sources. 

In the South, the "home" farms of multiple-unit operations were 
classified on the same basis as all other farms. No attempt was 
made to consider value of sales of products from the land rented out. 
The "home" farm may have been classified as residential, and thus 
not have been included with the farms classified by type, even 
though it was the headquarters of a relatively large agricultural 
operation. 

In a few instances, the number of "crop-type" farms reporting 
cropland harvested is less than the total number of farms in the 
type group. This difference occurs because the land use tabula- 
tions did not provide for the counting of farms reporting and acres 
of cropland harvested when the acreage of cropland harvested was 
less than one acre. Such differences occurred largely on farms 
where tobacco or berries and small fruits was the important crop. 

Limitations of the use of value of products sold for classifying 
farms by type. — The value of farm products sold has been used for 
several Censuses as the basis for making a classification of farms by 
type. It provides a common denominator for relating the im- 
portance of all enterprises. As a general rule, it reflects the 
physical resources and productivity of the farm. However, the 
use of income data has limitations for those farms where crop 
failure curtailed production during the year, for farms where 
livestock or other inventories were expanding or contracting at 
greater than the usual yearly rate for the farm, and for farms on 
which a considerable part of the products sold are represented by 
purchased items. The use of gross sales without adjustment for 
any of the costs of production may give too great an importance 
to certain products. For example, any farms purchasing feeder 
cattle may be classified as livestock farms even though the net 
income from crops may exceed the net income from livestock 
and livestock products. Farms may be classified differently 
in each Census if prices of the several groups of farm products 
change at different rates. This is particularly true for farms on 
which more than one product or groups of products provide im- 
portant sources of income. However, farms on which the pro- 
duction of one product provides a large part of the total sales 
would be classified the same as to type regardless of the change in 
price level. 

For 1954, for the purpose of classifying farms by type, it was 
necessary to determine the approximate total value of farm 
products sold for each farm and also the relationship of the income 
from the most important source or sources to this total. These 
determinations were made for each farm during the office process- 
ing. For all livestock and livestock products, except wool and 
mohair. Census enumerators obtained the value of sales d\iring 
the enumeration. Also the Census enumerators obtained for 
each farm, the value of vegetables sold, the value of nursery and 
greenhouse products sold, the value of forest products sold, and 
the value of miscellaneous crops sold. For most of the principal 
field crops — corn, wheat, oats, barley, other small grains, hay, 
berries, and small fruits — the enumerator obtained the quantity 
sold or to be sold. The value of the sales of the crops for which 
the quantity sold was obtained by Census enumerators was 
calculated by multiplying the quantity sold by State average 
prices. For other products for the purpose of determining the total 
value of farm products sold and the income from the most important 
source or sources, the value of sales was estimated by multiplying 
the quantity harvested by State average prices when the value of 
the quantity sold would be $100 or more. This procedure was 



INTRODUCTION 

Table l.-NUMBER OF FARMS BY TYPE OF FARM, BY ECONOMIC SUBREGIONS: CENSUS OF 1954 

LVfhen the figure for number of forms la In itallce, this report contains detailed data for the type of farm, for the subreglon] 



XI 



Subregion 



Number of farms by type 



Cosh • 
grsir 



Otlior 
field- 
crop 



Krui t 
and- 



Dairy 



Poul try 



Livestock 

other than 

dairy and 

poul try 



General 



Primarily 
crop 



Primarily 
livestock 



Crop and 
livestock 



United States. . . 



ip.i:63 

6.71S 
10.012 
11. 7B? 

1 1 , 966 
16,062 
13.149 
17,014 
30.306 

6.923 
6.099 
6.176 
3.031 
23, 616 

24 . 678 
11.419 
7.882 
12,967 
10,099 

21.912 
25.964 
36.620 
55.424 
50.016 

10,728 
17.404 
36,831 
18,573 
18,158 

21,871 
40,999 
20.509 
37.699 
11.016 

30,522 
8,989 
30,683 
18,737 
4,252 

42,852 
39,533 
12,267 
37,915 
39,995 

21,829 
71,638 
78, 548 
49,169 

17.926 

27.094 
28, 505 
27,732 
19,437 
30,566 

12,476 
26,655 
13,369 



70 

16 

656 

2,621 

466 

811 
687 
500 
171 
5,200 

2,051 

1,337 

354 

529 

417 

563 
1.547 
263 
434 
503 

268 
1.223 
5.072 
2.500 
1,136 

776 
554 
458 
2,107 
330 

552 
108 

319 



545 
774 
336 
989 
211 

3,061 
23.957 
33.01!? 
15.?8i 

1,.':28 

11.276 

2.642 

1,396 

430 

498 

76 
103 
457 
313 
609 



1,453 

175 

5.i73 

2,037 

120 



20 

391 

140 

I7,7i0 

7.587 

19.726 
2.290 
3.3B8 

626 

18.910 

22.523 

7.779 

2,094 



422 

1,690 

2i.369 

9.355 
10.511 

3,524 
35,285 
21.078 



3.365 
262 
40 

1,159 
840 

10 
82 
56 
152 
180 

173 

312 

26 

75 

1,051 

595 
45 

i.5i6 
i.31i 

15.178 
21.371 
27.827 
i9.070 
i3.975 

41 
90 
279 
45 
1,950 

li,i7l 
22.150 
8.629 
3,032 
303 

i.iS! 

3,593 

15.965 

139 

489 

8.138 

56 

30 

J 9, 623 

29. U2 

3,168 
330 
224 
656 
110 

1,669 
10.330 
13.829 

3,437 



391 
246 
512 



410 

761 

587 
41 
445 
923 
192 

162 
105 
126 
711 
2.06i 

274 



270 

40 



32 
122 



155 

456 

45 

215 

141 
227 
726 
162 
146 

229 
119 
364 
2,582 
271 

233 
379 
132 
35 
10 

220 
295 
291 
993 

826 



175 
26 



65 

16 

366 

247 

50 



561 
269 
595 
473 
394 
732 



120 
103 
115 
442 
380 

604 
165 
411 
212 
229 



110 
27 
30 

159 

265 
220 
1,222 
281 
316 

312 
213 
566 
821 



14 

15 

54 

11.002 

150 

144 
230 

46 
201 

46 

150 
126 
431 
376 
3,632 

66 
45 
105 
20 
85 



1,684 
61 



9.i69 

3,728 

1,929 

3.9ia 

3.138 

7.205 

li.08O 

9.588 

6.789 

23.451 

2,230 
2,547 
2,657 
556 
3,273 

9.068 
5.397 

1.427 
1.953 
1.160 

73 

197 

156 

232 

1,472 

2,096 
7.876 
16.08i 
6,524 
4,755 

1,137 
6.26i 
1,708 
i.088 
257 

419 
147 
364 
515 
230 

342 
2,523 

689 
3,036 
2,992 

3,430 
6.513 
10.310 
16.616 
5,789 

1,322 
2,266 
2,508 
6,681 
690 

293 
2,174 
2.730 
3,024 
1,727 



2,262 
2.il0 
2,362 
2,899 
3.717 

2,024 

468 

926 

1,380 

2,503 

1,734 
990 

1,126 
655 

7,167 

3,752 
1,601 
2,364 
1,009 
892 

116 
268 
565 
482 
946 

2.176 
1,853 
3,445 
820 
1,330 

664 

775 

4,323 

3,340 

502 

319 
219 
466 
1,188 
464 

615 

7,128 

1,439 

353 

197 

936 
2,245 
3,533 
1,867 
1,620 

920 

1,301 

250 

166 

1,381 

491 
322 
770 
1,207 
432 



639 
433 
324 
344 
400 



530 

561 

1,025 

1,155 

417 
448 
524 
140 
1,406 

3,562 
955 
2,461 
3,236 
1,296 

1,702 
1,153 
703 
1,084 
1,150 

4.S15 
3.460 
4,798 
5,463 
5, 892 

2,640 
4,941 
2,020 
2,096 
823 



1,306 
3,545 
1,958 
1,112 

5,2J8 
2,871 
1,035 
6, its 
4,792 

5,335 

28.300 

15,342 

4,879 

1,403 

7,938 
S,837 
3.728 
i,029 
1,649 

902 
2,630 
2,029 
4,944 
2,666 



952 
456 
201 
346 

369 

450 

527 

614 

2,295 

1,161 

1,062 
711 
606 
126 

2,480 

4,519 

1,660 

828 

923 

1,482 

2,633 
901 
1,360 
1,722 
1,071 

944 
2,062 
4,462 
2,697 
2,327 

1,300 
4,975 
1,386 
3,479 
734 

2,661 
898 

5,720 
214 
542 

8.250 
1,676 
569 
4,761 
2.142 

5.3/4 
9.432 
15,063 
7,251 
2,687 

3,439 
4,928 
5.443 
2,788 
1,368 

661 

807 

960 

2,171 

2,162 



325 

111 
260 
217 

288 
417 
341 
649 
607 

233 
170 
136 
45 



331 
147 
70 
142 
479 



1,797 

535 

1,084 

1,332 

433 

106 
381 
542 
150 
412 

403 
1,121 

427 
1,462 

416 

1,693 
602 

3,876 

98 

298 

5,461 
764 
290 

1,056 
217 

463 

461 

765 

1,088 

612 

530 

711 

1,450 

287 



238 
206 
455 
827 
499 



111 
43 
26 
26 
40 



15 
60 
270 
187 

209 
116 
126 
25 
218 

1,460 
636 
350 
236 
130 

51 



316 
582 
,796 
,365 
831 

138 
452 
112 
255 
22 

31 
12 



53 
135 

32 
401 
150 

1.230 
2,421 
4,530 
1.383 
645 

560 
825 
246 

861 



62 
64 
57 
122 
185 



247 
88 
66 
60 

112 

106 

95 

193 

1,376 

367 

620 

426 

245 

56 

1,366 

2,738 
997 
408 
545 
673 

766 
361 
236 
355 
551 

520 
1,099 
2,124 
1.182 
1,084 

759 
3,402 

S49 
1,772 

296 

937 
264 
1,820 
116 
244 

2,736 

986 

247 

3,304 

1.775 

3,601 
6,550 
9,768 
4,780 
1,430 

2,349 
3,392 
3,748 
1,940 
720 

361 

537 

448 

1,222 

1,498 



xu 



SIZE OF OPERATION BY TYPE OF FARM 

Table l.-NUMBER OF FARMS BY TYPE OF FARM, BY ECONOMIC SUBREGIONS: CENSUS OF 1954-Continued 

[when the figure for number of farms is in italics, this report contains detailed data for the type of farm, for the subregion^ 



61.. 
62.. 
63.. 
64.. 
65.. 

66.. 
67.. 
68.. 
69.. 
70.. 

71.. 
72.. 
73.. 
74 .. 
75.. 

76 .. 

77 .. 
7S.. 
79.. 
80.. 

81.. 
62.. 
83.. 
84.. 
85.. 

86.. 
87.. 
88.. 

89.. 
90.. 

91.. 
92.. 
93.. 
94.. 
95.. 

96.. 
97.. 
98.. 
99.. 
100. 

101. 
102. 
103. 
104, 
106. 

106. 
107, 
108, 
109, 
110. 

Ill, 
112, 
113, 
114, 
115, 

116, 

117 

lis, 

119, 



Number of farms by type 



60,613 
18,776 
46,755 
£0.491 
54.537 

38,962 
25.845 
62,629 
78,046 
64,422 

83,207 
27,965 
36, 330 
12,027 
23,656 

132,321 

4,355 

19,589 

5.541 

39,541 

6,539 

14.758 

25,603 

27,443 

109,640 

66, 668 
30.523 
26,210 
23,844 
34.649 

20,587 
41 , 609 
34.927 
34,266 
16.947 

24,128 
43,742 
13.457 
6,286 
11,075 

37,701 
11,977 
68,778 
20, 383 
25,298 

26,037 

9,822 

5.961 

27,315 

14,561 

9,906 
34,472 
19, 984 

5,212 
23,847 

42,223 
16,247 
16,977 
24.212 



Cash- 
grain 



800 

a.esi 

33.124 
6,711 
2,023 

773 

606 

3,476 

14,527 

li,0i3 

18.672 
7,i86 

1,061 

693 

3.077 

3.822 

126 

i,9?5 

66 



91 

1,220 

7.743 

S.n."' 

28.839 

21.870 
12.942 
1,497 
13.280 
2i.389 

8.687 
10.176 
19.859 
23.1iO 

1.458 

1,274 
1,974 

610 
36 

311 

7.257 

338 

32.545 

3,332 
15.071 

6.902 
1.072 
29 
3,969 
9.109 

674 

5.757 

1,930 

163 

790 

2.6ii 
771 
102 

1.661 



52,808 
85 



10 

517 

3. 670 

18.661 

109.385 

1,161 

7,996 

2,107 

IS, 480 

659 



Other 
field- 
crop 



300 
2,091 

2,290 

24,385 

4.237 

5,299 

891 

16,375 
10.644 
4,006 



303 
3,427 



2.266 
430 



20 

93 

267 

842 
126 
291 
151 



20 
80 
25 

1,232 

2.130 

265 

70 

1.153 

165 
20 



54 

18 

1,590 

36 



Vegetable 



23 



6 
457 

1,394 
367 
560 



154 
246 
185 

1.962 

668 

5 

1.016 
238 

930 

4,363 

1,014 

5 

282 

642 

129 



102 
75 
158 
739 
5C1 

306 

95 

425 

205 

146 



306 
32 

126 
30 

100 
218 

226 

15 

1.067 



65 

107 

135 
268 
364 
249 



343 
26 
15 

92 
171 

51 
140 
288 

431 
451 
116 
171 
1,351 

1,159 
980 
226 

1,239 



Fruit- 
and- 
nut 



110 

216 

16 

50 

412 

261 
180 
144 



301 
151 
287 
377 



82 

280 

25 



21 

76 

233 



3,970 

1,011 

930 

259 

10,263 

13,234 
6,581 
1,893 
4,929 



930 
1,106 
1,491 
6,411 

42, :72 

28,001 
22,177 
41,815 
15.424 
2,948 

5,494 

3.978 

16.758 

2,124 

406 

832 

99 

725 

545 

2,266 

623 
6,259 
3,570 
5,518 
5,847 

1.222 
1.704 
17.737 
3,179 
2,170 

641 
1,058 

839 
1,709 
2.334 

2,651 

1,641 

718 

106 

370 

1,304 
82 

2,597 
459 
962 

2,137 

834 

129 

3,215 

1,071 

891 
8,459 
2,797 

528 
1,101 

8,783 
1,381 
7,501 
4,820 



Poultry 



377 
860 
791 
871 
956 

1.221 

471 
1,729 
1,512 

900 

1,674 
1.396 
2,047 
1,173 
146 

612 
40 
762 
711 
2,981 

598 

2,779 

538 

927 
1,748 

1,191 
817 
959 
485 
139 

176 
395 
395 
530 
631 

1.219 

2,084 

842 

65 



549 

103 
678 
91 



460 
255 
63 
520 
509 

244 

1,362 

856 

353 

5,399 

2.759 
2,973 
1.686 
3,662 



Livestock 

other than 

dairy and 

poultry 



3,636 
4.493 
7,902 
2,927 
3,666 

2.931 
978 

6,991 
33,020 
41,102 

47,123 
9,393 

12.743 

2,679 

764 

4,065 

336 

3,686 

1,663 

10,399 

3,797 
3,046 
9,894 
10,128 
59,824 

23,066 
7,588 
2.843 
1,201 
3,326 

6,672 
22,975 
8,568 
4,721 
6,918 

11,720 

7,256 

4.3S4 

131 

8,325 

6,822 

514 
13,673 
14,132 
6,338 

10,283 
5,024 
2,003 

12,549 
1,489 

1,461 
5,485 
8,902 
1,111 
1,715 

3,612 
2,201 
2,778 
2,401 



1.567 
3,124 
3.112 
1.909 
3,686 

3,893 
1,068 
7,491 
13,055 
5.111 

9,947 
5,153 
2,598 

1.012 
476 

3,130 
204 
868 
196 

3,656 

478 
1,023 
3,546 
4,782 
12,510 

9,131 
7,387 
3,076 
3,998 
4.559 

4,383 
6,874 
5,215 
3,714 
2,746 

3,376 

5,568 

1,626 

141 

455 

4.958 
269 
4,612 
2,065 
2,636 

4,104 
1,570 

134 
3.760 

922 

1.197 
7.451 
3,168 

286 
1.302 

3,017 
627 
695 

3,496 



Primarily 

crop 



679 
381 
80 
200 
721 

1,407 
229 
246 

166 

166 

506 
207 
261 

367 
197 

1,169 

155 

281 

51 



362 
332 

755 

262 
311 
265 

781 
217 

293 
788 
171 
487 
840 

1.071 

1,912 

601 

133 
80 

2.016 
198 

1,029 
687 
281 

1,883 

1,009 

83 

1,697 



649 
2,979 
1,768 

323 

1.133 

3,346 
413 
308 

1,946 



Primarily 
livestock 



83 

695 

535 

481 

1,177 



280 
4.252 
5,431 

1.240 

2,482 

1,668 

1,063 

116 



30 



100 
26 
260 

75 

378 

693 

1,201 

2,331 

1,697 

1,673 

1,493 

701 

486 

756 
838 
779 
401 
447 

363 
444 

170 



Crop and 
1 ivestock 



905 
2,248 
2,497 
1,228 
1,788 

1.717 
569 
3.993 
7.459 
3,706 

6,969 

3,288 

1,274 

630 

248 

885 

49 

487 

119 

2,159 

371 

557 

3,491 

3,349 

9.424 

7,182 
5.403 
1,328 
2,616 
3.866 

3,334 
5,248 
4,265 
2,826 

1,459 

1,951 

3,312 

866 



209 


2,733 


11 


60 


638 


3,045 


191 


1,187 


285 


2.070 


234 


1,987 


70 


491 


8 


43 


480 


1.683 


58 


376 


73 


476 


646 


3,926 


209 


1,191 


10 


54 


12 


157 


62 


609 


47 


167 


96 


291 


266 


1,283 



INTRODUCTION 



xui 



used to determine the value of sales for the following farm products: 



Soybeans 
Cowpeas 
Peanuts 
Field and seed 

peas 
Field seed crops 
Potatoes 
Cotton 



Tobacco 

Sugarcane 

Sweet sorghums for sirup 

Other field crops 

Small fruits 

Tree fruits, nuts, and grapes 

Wool 

Mohair 



The value of crops sold estimated for crops for which the q\ian- 
tity sold was not obtained by Census enumerators and for crops 
for which it could not be assumed that all the crop was sold, 
totalled approximately $2,775 million and comprised approxi- 
mately 11.3 percent of all farm products sold in the United 
States. 

Comparisons of value of farm products sold by type of farm. — 
The gross value of farm products sold does not indicate accurately 
the relative levels of production and net income for the various 
types of farms. In the case of some types of farms — for example 
cotton and cash-grain farms — the value of farm products sold 
provides a reasonably accurate measure of farm production. 
In the case of livestock type of farms, in many areas the value of 
sales may overstate the level of farm production because of the 
value of products added by livestock purchased then sold, and by 
feed purchased. 

Farms by economic class. — A cla.ssification of farm.s by economic 
class was made for the purpose of segregating groups of farms 
that are somewhat alike in their characteristics and size of 
operation. This classification was made in order to present an 
accurate description of the farms in each class and in order to 
provide basic data for an analysis of the organization of agricul- 
ture. 

The classification of farms by economic class was made on the 
basis of three factors; namely, total value of all farm products 
sold, number of days the farm operator worked otf the farm, 
and the relationship of the income received from nonfarm sources 
by the operator and members of his family to the value of all 
farm products sold. Farms operated by institutions, experiment 
stations, grazing associations, and community projects were clas- 
sified as abnormal, regardless of any of the three factors. 

For the purpose of determining the code for economic class and 
type of farm, it was necessary to obtain the total value of farm 
products sold as well as the value of some individual products 
sold. The total value of farm products sold was obtained by add- 
ing the reported or estimated values for all products sold from the 
farm. The value of livestock, livestock products except wool 
and mohair, vegetables, nursery and greenhouse products, and 
forest products was obtained by the enumerator from the farm 
operator for each farm. The enumerator also obtained from the 
farm operator the quantity sold for corn, sorghums, small grains, 
hays, and small fruits. The value of sales for these crops was 
obtained by multiplying the quantity sold by State average prices. 
The quantity sold was estimated for all other farm products. 
The entire quantity produced for wool, mohair, cotton, tobacco, 
sugar beets for sugar, sugarcane for sugar, broomcorn, hops, and 
mint for oil was estimated as sold. To obtain the value of each 
product sold, the quantity sold was multiplied by State average 
prices. 

In making the classification of farms by economic class, farms 
were grouped into two major groups, namely, commercial farms 
and other farms. In general, all farms with a value of sales of 
farm products amounting to $1,200 or more were classified as 
commercial. Farms with a value of sales of $250 to $1,199 were 
classified as commercial only if the farm operator worked off the 
farm less than 100 days or if the income of the farm operator 
and members of his family received from nonfarm sources was 
less than the total value of all farm products sold. 



Commercial farms were divided into six gniiips on the basis 
of the total value of all farm ))roducts sold, as follows: 

Vahie of farm 
Claaa of farm products told 

I--- $25,000 or more 

II 10,000 to $24,999 

III 5,000 to 9,999 

IV 2,500 to 4,999 

V 1,200 to 2,499 

VI *250to 1,199 

•Provided the farm operator worked oil the farm less than 100 days, and provided 
the income the farm operator and members of his family received from nonfarm 
sources was less than the value of all farm products sold. 

DEFINITIONS AND EXPLANATIONS 

Definitions and explanations are presented only for those items 
for which the table descriptions are considered inadequate. The 
definitions consist primarily of a r&um6 of the questionnaire 
wording, occasionally supplemented by the more essential parts 
of instructions given to the enumerators. For the exact phrasing 
of the inquiries and of the instructions included on the question- 
naire, reference should be made to the facsimile of the 1954 
Agriculture Questionnaire shown in the Appendix of V'oUime II 
of the reports of the 1954 Census of Agriculture. 

An analysis of the inquiries included on the questionnaires and 
of the data obtained is shown in Volume II, General Report, 
Statistics by Subjects, United States Census of Agriculture, 1954. 
The General Report presents statistics for States by subject matter. 

General Farm Information 

Date of enumeration. — The enumeration of the 1954 Census of 
Agriculture was made during the latter part of 1954. The 
1954 Census beginning dates were varied by areas or States, 
ranging from October 4 to November 8. In general, the varied 
starting dates were based upon (1) selecting dates late enough 
for the enumeration to follow the harvesting of the bulk of im- 
portant crops, (2) setting the dates early enough to avoid unde- 
sirable weather and travel conditions during the enumeration, and 
(3) arranging for the enumeration to be substantially completed 
prior to customary dates when farm operators move from one 
farm to another. 

Information for inventory items is based on the situation as of 
the actual day of enumeration. Data on acreage and quantity 
of crops harvested are for the crop year 1954. Data on sales of 
crops relate to crops harvested in the year 1954 regardless of when 
sold; data on sales of livestock products relate to the production 
and sales during the calendar year 1954. Since the period to 
be included was not yet completed for some items at the time of 
enumeration, special emphasis was placed upon including accurate 
estimates for such items for the remainder of the period. For 
example, the question relating to dairy products stated, "Be sure 
to include dairy products which you will sell before January 1, 
1955." 

A farm. — For the 1954 Census of .\griciilture, places of 3 or 
more acres were counted as farms if the annual value of agri- 
cultural products, exclusive of home-garden products, amounted 
to $150 or more. The agricultural products could have been 
either for home use or for sale. Places of le.ss than 3 acres were 
counted as farms only if the annual value of sales of agricultural 
products amounted to $150 or more. Places for which the value 
of agricultural products for 1954 was less than these minima 
because of crop failure or other unusual conditions, and places 
operated at the time of the Census for the first time were counted 
as farms if normally they could be expected to produce these 
minimum quantities of agricultural products. 

All the land under the control of one person or partnership 
was included as one farm. Control may have been through 
ownership, or through lease, rental, or cropping arrangement. 



XIV 



SIZE OF OPERATION BY TYPE OF FARM 



For the 1954 Census, enumerators were instructed to obtain 
an agricultural questionnaire for all places that the operator con- 
sidered a farm and for all places having during 1954 (1) any 
hogs, cattle, sheep, or goats; (2) any crops such as corn, oats, 
hay, or tobacco; (3) 20 or more chickens, turkeys, and geese; 

(4) 20 or more fruit trees, grapevines, and planted nut trees; or 

(5) any vegetables, berries, or nursery or greenhouse products 
grown for sale. Thus, agriculture questionnaires were filled for 
more places than those qualifying as farms. 

The determination as to which reports were to be included in 
the tabulations as farms was made during the central office 
processing of questionnaires. 

Farm operator. — A "farm operator" is a person who operates a 
farm, either performing the labor himself or directly supervising 
it. He may be an owner, a hired manager, or a tenant, renter, or 
sharecropper. If he rents land to others or has land cropped 
for him by others, he is listed as the operator of only that land 
which he retains. In the case of a partnership, only one partner 
was included as the operator. The number of farm operators 
is considered the same as the number of farms. 

Farms reporting or operators reporting. — Figures for farms 
reporting or operators reporting represent the number of farms, or 
farm operators, for which the specified item was reported. For 
example, if there were 6,922 farms in a subregion and only 6,465 
had chickens over 4 months old on hand, the number of farms 
reporting chickens would be 6,465. The difference between the 
total number of farms and the number of farms reporting an item 
represents the number of farms not having that item, provided 
the inquiry was answered completely for all farms. 

For some of the items, such as the residence of the operator, for 
which reports were to have been obtained for all farms, figures 
are given for the number of farms not reporting. The number 
of farms, or operators, not reporting indicates the extent of the 
incompleteness of the reporting for the item. 

Land in farms. — The acreage designated "land in farms" 
includes considerable areas of land not actually under cultivation 
and some land not used for pasture or grazing. All woodland 
and wasteland owned by farm operators, or included in tracts 
rented from others, is included as land in farms unless such land 
was held for other than agricultural purposes, or unless the 
acreage of such land held by a farm operator was unusually 
large. If a place had 1,000 or more acres of land not being used 
for agricultural purposes and less than 10 percent of the total 
acreage in the place was used for agricultural purposes, the non- 
agricultural land in excess of the number of acres used for agri- 
cultural purposes was excluded from the farm area. In applying 
this rule, land used for crops, for pasture, or grazing, and land 
rented to others were considered to be land for agricultural 
purposes. On the other hand, land was defined as nonagricul- 
tural when it was woodland not pastured, or in house and barn 
lots, roads, lanes, ditches, or wasteland. 

Except for open range and grazing land used under govern- 
ment permit, all grazing land was to be included as land in farms. 
Land used rent free was to be included as land rented from 
others. Grazing lands operated by grazing associations were to 
be reported in the name of the manager in charge. All land in 
Indian reservations used for growing crops or grazing livestock 
was to be included. Land in Indian reservations not reported by 
individual Indians or not rented to non-Indians was to be re- 
ported in the name of the cooperative group using the land. 
Thus, in some instances the entire Indian reservation was 
reported as one farm. , •. 

Land in farms according to use. — Land in farms was classified 
according to the use made of it in 1954. The classes of land are 
mutually exclusive, i.e., each acre of land was included only 
once even though it may have had more than one use during the 
year. 



The classes are as follows: 

Cropland harvested. — This includes land from which crops 
were harvested; land from which hay (including wild hay) 
was cut; and land in small fruits, orchards, vineyards, nurser- 
ies, and greenhouses. Land from which two or more crops 
were reported as harvested was to be counted only once. 

The enumerator was instructed to check the figure for crop- 
land harvested for each farm by adding the acreages of the in- 
dividual crops reported and subtracting the acres of land from 
which two crops were harvested. This procedure was repeated 
during the central office editing process for farms with 100 or 
more acres of cropland harvested. 

If the harvested cropland was used for other purposes, either 
before or after the harvest of a crop, the enumerator was 
specifically instructed to report the acreage only under crop- 
land harvested. 

Census, 
pasture 
were to 

of crop- 

merator. 

included 
whether 

pland. 



Cropland used only for pasture. — In the 1954 
the enumerator's instructions stated that rotation 
and all other cropland that was used only for pasture 
be included under this class. No further definition 
land pastured was given the farm operator or enu 
Permanent open pasture may, therefore, have been 
under this item or imder "other pasture," depending on 
the enumerator or farm operator considered it as cro 

Cropland not harvested and not pastured. — This item includes 
idle cropland, land in soil-improvement crops only, land on 
which all crops failed, land seeded to crops for harvest after 
1954, and cultivated summer fallow. 

In the Western States, this class was subdivided to show 
separately the acres of cultivated summer fallow. In these 
States, the acreage not in cultivated summer fallow represents 
largely crop failure. 

In the States other than the Western States, this general 
class was subdivided to show separately the acres of idle crop- 
land (not used for crops or for pasture in 1954). In these 
States, the incidence of crop failure is usually low. It was 
expected that the acreage figure that excluded idle land would 
reflect the acreage in soil-improvement crops. However, the 
1954 crop year was one of low rainfall in many Eastern and 
Southern States and, therefore, in these areas the acreage of 
cropland not harvested and not pastured includes more land 
on which all crops failed than would usually be the case. 

Cultivated summer fallow. — This item includes cropland 
that was plowed and cultivated but left unseeded for several 
months to control weeds and conserve moisture. No land 
from which crops were harvested in 1954 was to be included 
under this item. 

Woodland pastured. — This includes all woodland that was 
used for pasture or grazing. The questionnaire contained the 
following instruction: "Include as woodland all wood lots and 
timber tracts and cutover land with young trees which have 
or will have value as wood or timber." 

Woodland not pastured. — This includes all woodland that was 
not used for pasture or grazing. Unusually large tracts of 
timberland reported as woodland not pastured were excluded 
from the tabulations of land in farms when it was evident that 
such land was held primarily for nonagricultural purposes. 
The definition for woodland, as stated above, was used also 
for enumerating woodland not pastured. 

Other pasture (not cropland and not woodland). — This in- 
cludes rough and brush land pastured and any other land 
pastured that the respondent did not consider as either wood- 
land or cropland. 

Improved pasture. — This item includes land in "other pas- 
ture" on which one or more of the following practices had 
been used: Liming, fertilizing, seeding to grasses or legumes, 
irrigating, draining, or controlling weeds and brush. The 
question on improved pasture was included in 1954 for the 
first time. 

Other land (house lots, roads, wasteland, etc.). — This item 
includes house lots, barn lots, lanes, roads, ditches, and waste- 
land. It includes all land that does not belong under any of 
the other land-use classes. 

In addition to the complete classification of land in farms ac- 
cording to use, the tables also present data for three summary 
classifications as follows: 

Cropland, total. — This includes cropland harvested, cropland 

used only for pasture, and cropland not harvested and not 

pastured. 



INTRODUCTION 



XV 



Land pastured, total. — This iiicluclcR cropland used only for 
pasture, woodland pastured, and other pasture (not cropland 
and not woodland). 

Woodland, total. — This includes woodland pastured and wood- 
land not pastured. 

Value of land and buildings. — The value to be reported was the 
approximate amount for which the land and the buildings on it 
would sell. This item was obtained for only a sample of the 
farms; however, the value was not reported for all the farms 
comprising the sample. 

Many problems, not encountered in enumerating most agricul- 
tural items, are involved in obtaining farm real-estate values. 
Most enumerated items require the respondent to make a state- 
ment based upon fact. It may be the number and value of farm 
animals sold alive during the year or the number of lambs under 
1 year old on the place. In either case, only information as to 
activities during a specified period, or the situation as of a stated 
time, is required. This information is based upon actual trans- 
actions or existing conditions. But the estimation of the value 
of land and buildings is based largely upon opinion. In the event 
a farm had been recently purchased, answers could be based 
upon that experience. But many farms have not changed hands 
for many years, nor are they currently for sale. In such cases, 
farm operators may have no clear basis for estimating the value 
In making an intelligent estimate, a respondent needs, first, to 
estimate the prevailing market value in the community. Sec- 
ondly, he must in some way add to or subtract from this base to 
allow for his farm's special characteristics. In many cases, a 
farm operator who would not sell his place under any circum- 
stances may be inclined to give a "market value" that is un- 
reasonably high. Some operators who had purchased their real 
estate during periods of relatively low prices may give an esti- 
mate that is unduly influenced by that experience. Further- 
more, the extent of variation known to exist in real-estate values 
makes it difficult to establish checking procedures that will dis- 
close inaccurate estimates. 

Only average values of land and buildings per farm and per 
acre are presented in this report. A total value of the land and 
buildings for States, geographic divisions, and the United States, 
are presented in Volume II. 

Irrigated land in farms. — This relates only to that part of the 
land in irrigated farms to which water was applied. However, for 
Arkansas and Louisiana the total for irrigated land does not 
include land used solely for pasture or grazing. For the 17 
Western States and for Arkansas, Florida, and Louisiana, this 
total does not include irrigated cropland that was not harvested 
and not pastured. 

Fertilizer. — The 1954 questionnaires contained inquiries on the 
tonnage and cost of fertilizers and the acreage on which they were 
used during the calendar year 1954. Fertilizer and lime used on 
the place were to be included regardless of whether the landowner, 
tenant, or both paid for them. Fertilizer was to include only 
commercial fertilizer or fertilizing material. No specific mention 
was made of basic slag. It was thought that this byproduct of 
steel production would be considered as a fertilizing material. 
Barnyard manure, straw, refuse materials, and soil conditioners 
were to be excluded. 

Acres on which purchased materials were used were to be re- 
ported for both lime and fertilizer. In case fertilizer was applied 
to the same crop more than once in 1954, instructions were to 
report acres of land only once but to report the total tonnage used. 
The acres fertilized and tons applied were obtained separately for 
selected crops. The selected crops varied by regions. This ar- 
rangement made it possible to obtain data for crops most com- 
monly fertilized in the region. 

In the South, some landlords, who conducted some farming 
operations themselves, reported for their operations fertilizer paid 
for wholly or in part by them for use on their tenant-operated 



land. The tenants may also have reported the fertilizer. During 
the editing procedure such reports, when detected, were adjusted 
to prevent duplication in the reports for fertilizer by landlords 
and their tenants. 

Residence of farm operator. — Farm operators were classified by 
residence on the basis of whether or not they lived on the farm 
operated. Some of those not living on the farm operated lived 
on other farms. When a farm operator rented land from others 
or worked land on shares for others and had the use of a dwell- 
ing as part of the rental arrangement, the enumerator was in- 
structed to consider the dwelling a part of the farm operated. The 
dwelling assigned may have been on a tract other than that as- 
signed for crops. In a few cases, the enumerator failed to indicate 
the residence of the farm operator. Differences between the total 
number of farms and the number of farm operators by residence 
represent underreporting of this item. 

Farms by size. — Farms were classified by size according to the 
total land area of each farm. The same classification was used 
for all States. 

In analyzing size-of-farm statistics, consideration should be 
given to the definition of a farm for Census purposes. Census 
farms are essentially operating units, not ownership tract§."*"lf 
a landlord has croppers or other tenants, the land assigned each 
cropper or tenant is a separate farm even though the landlord 
may operate the entire holding essentially as one farm in respect 
to supervision, equipment, rotation practices, purchase of sup- 
plies, or sale of products. 

Farms by color of operator. — Farm operators are classified by 
color as "white" and "nonwhite." Nonwhite includes Negroes, 
Indians, Chinese, .lapanese, and all other nonwhite races. 

Farms by tenure of operator. — Farm operators are classified 
according to the tenure under which they hold their land on the 
basis of the replies to the inquiries on total land owned, total land 
rented from others, total land managed for others, and land 
rented to others. 

Owners, part owners, and managers. — Full owners own land 
but do not retain any land rented from others. Part owners 
own land and rent land from others. Managers operate farms 
for others and are paid a wage or salary for their services. 
Persons acting merely as caretakers or hired as laborers are not 
classified as managers. If a farm operator managed land for 
others and also operated land on his own account, the land 
operated on his own account was considered as one farm and 
the land managed for others as a second farm. If a farm 
operator managed land for two or more employers all the land 
managed was considered one farm. 

Tenants rent from others or work on shares for others all the 
land they operate. 

In subregions located in the South, figures are given for 
croppers. Croppers are crop-share tenants whose landlords 
furnish all work power. The landlords either furnish all the 
work animals or furnish tractor power in lieu of work animals. 
Croppers usually work under the close supervision of the land- 
owners, or their agents, or another farm operator, and the land 
assigned them is often merely a part of a larger enterprise 
operated as a single unit. 

Age of operator. — Farm operators were classified by age into 
six age groups. 

Off-farm work and other income. — Many farm operators receive 
a part of their income from sources other than the sale of farm 
products from their farms. The 1954 Agriculture Questionnaire 
included several inquiries relating to work off the farm and non- 
farm income. These inquiries called for the number of days 
worked off the farm by the farm operator; whether other members 
of the operator's family worked off the farm; and whether the 
farm operator received income from other sources, such as sale 
of products from land rented out, cash rent, boarders, old age as- 
sistance, pensions, veterans' allowances, unemployment compen- 
sation, interest, dividends, profits from nonfarm business, and 
help from other members of the operator's family. Another in- 
quiry asked whether the income of the operator and his family 



XVI 



SIZE OF OPERATION BY TYPE OF FARM 



from ofiF-farm work and other sources was greater than the total 
value of all agricultural products sold from the farm in 1954. 
OfiF-farm work was to include work at nonfarm jobs, businesses, 
or professions, whether performed on the farm premises or else- 
where; also work on someone else's farm for pay or wages. Ex- 
change work was not to be included. 

The purposes of these four inquiries were (1) to obtain in- 
formation in regard to the extent that farm operators performed 
ofif-farm work and the relation of other nonfarm income to the 
value of farm products sold and (2) to provide a basis for the 
classification of farms by economic class. The intent of the inquiry 
in regard to whether or not a member of the family had a nonfarm 
job, and the inquiry regarding income of the farm operator from 
other nonfarm sources, was to obtain more accurate replies to the 
Inquiry regarding the relationship of the income from off-farm 
work and other sources to the total value of all agricultural 
products sold. 

Classification of farms by class of work power. — Farms were 
grouped by class of work power on the basis of whether horses, 
mules, or tractors (wheel or crawler, but not garden) were reported. 
This classification does not present a complete picture of the work 
power used on all farms. For some farms, all the work power may 
be furnished by the landlord; and for some farms, all the work 
power may be hired. Thus, farms hiring all of the work power 
from others and those having it furnished are shown as having no 
work power, unless the work animals or tractors were kept on the 
tenant^operated tract. 

Specified facilities and equipment. — Inquiries were made in 
1954 for a sample of farms to determine the presence or absence of 
selected Items on each place such as (1) telephone, (2) piped run- 
ning water, (3) electricity, (4) television set, (5) home freezer, 
(6) electric pig brooder, (7) milking machine, and (8) power feed 
grinder. Such facilities or equipment were to be counted even 
though temporarily out of order. Piped running water was de- 
fined as water piped from a pressure system or by gravity flow 
from a natural or artificial source. The enumerator's instructions 
stated that pig brooders were to include those heated by an electric 
heating element, by an infra-red or heat bulb, or by ordinary 
electric bulbs. They could be homemade. 

The number of selected types of other farm equipment was also 
obtained for a sample of farms. The selected kinds of farm equip- 
ment to be reported were (1) grain combines (for harvesting and 
threshing grains or seeds in one operation); (2) corn pickers; (3) 
pick-up balers (stationary ones not to be reported) ; (4) field forage 
harvesters (for field chopping of silage and forage crops) ; (5) 
motortrucks; (6) wheel tractors (other than garden); (7) garden 
tractors; (8) crawler tractors (tracklaying, caterpillar) ; (9) auto- 
mobiles; and (10) artificial ponds, reservoirs, and earth tanks. 

Wheel tractors were to include homemade tractors but were 
not to include implements having built-in power units such as 
self-propelled combines, powered buck rakes, etc. "Pick-up" and 
truck-trailer combinations were to be reported as motortrucks. 
School buses were not to be reported, and jeeps and station wagons 
were to be included as motortrucks or automobiles, depending on 
whether used for hauling farm products or supplies, or as passenger 
vehicles. 

Farm labor. — The farm-labor inquiries for 1954, made on a 
sample basis, called for the number of persons doing farm work 
or chores on the place during a specified calendar week. Since 
starting dates of the 1954 enumeration varied by areas or States, 
the calendar week to which the farm-labor inquiries related 
varied also. The calendar week was September 26-October 2 or 
October 24-30. States with the September 26-October 2 calendar 
week were: Arizona, California, Colorado, Connecticut, Florida, 
Idaho, Kansas, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maine, Massachusetts, 
Michigan, Minnesota, Montana, Nebraska, Nevada, New Hamp- 
shire, New Jersey, New Mexico, New York, North Dakota, Okla- 
homa, Oregon, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, South Dakota, Ten- 



nessee, Texas, Utah, Vermont, Washington, Wisconsin, and 
Wyoming. States with the October 24-30 calendar week were: 
Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, Georgia, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, 
Maryland, Mississippi, Missouri, North Carolina, Ohio, South 
Carolina, Virginia, and West Virginia. Farm work was to include 
any work, chores, or planning necessary to the operation of the 
farm or ranch business. Housework, contract construction work, 
and labor involved when equipment was hired (custom work) 
were not to be included. 

The farm labor information was obtained in three parts: 
(1) Operators working, (2) unpaid members of the operator's 
family working, and (3) hired persons working. Operators were 
considered as working if they worked 1 or more hours; unpaid 
members of the operator's family, if they worked 15 or more 
hours; and hired persons, if they worked any time during the 
calendar week specified. Instructions contained no specifications 
regarding age of the persons working. 

Data shown for earlier Censuses are not fully comparable with 
those for 1954, primarily because of dififerences in the period to 
which the data relate. The data for 1954 were purposely related 
to a period of peak farm employment. 

Regular and seasonal workers. — Hired persons working on the 
farm during the specified week were classed as "regular" 
workers if the period of actual or expected employment was 150 
days or more during the year, and as "seasonal" workers if the 
period of actual or expected employment was less than 150 days. 
If the period of expected employment was not reported, the 
period of employment was estimated for the individual farm 
after taking into account such items as the basis of payment, 
wage rate, expenditures for labor in 1954, and the type and 
other characteristics of the farm. 

Specified farm expenditures. — The 1954 Census obtained data 
for selected farm expense items in addition to those for fertilizer 
and lime. The expenditures were to include the total specified 
expenditures for the place whether made by landlord, tenant, 
or both. 

Expenditures for machine hire were to include any labor in- 
cluded in the cost of such machine hire. Machine hire refers to 
custom machine work such as tractor hire, threshing, combining, 
silo filling, baling, ginning, plowing, and spraying. If part of 
the farm products was given as pay for machine hire, the value 
of the products traded for this service was to be included in the 
amount of expenditures reported. The cost of trucking, fre'^ht, 
and express was not to be included. 

Expenditures for hired labor were to include only cash pay- 
ments. Expenditures for housework, custom work, and contract 
construction work were not to be included. 

Expenditures for feed were to include the expenditures for 
pasture, salt, condiments, concentrates, and mineral supplements, 
as well as those for grain, hay, and mill feeds. Expenditures for 
grinding and mixing feeds were also to be included. Payments 
made by a tenant to his landlord for feed grown on the land 
rented by the tenant were not to be included. 

Expenditures for gasoline and other petroleum fuel and oil 
were to include only those used for the farm business. Petroleum 
products used for the farmer's automobile for pleasure or used 
exclusively in the farm home for heating, cooking, and lighting 
were not to be included. 

Crops 

Crops harvested. — The agriculture questionnaire was organized 
to make possible the listing of acreage and quantity harvested for 
each crop. To facilitate the enumerator's work, specific crop 
questions were varied according to areas (usually each area com- 
prised a State or a group of States). Regionalizing question- 
naires made it possible to devote special attention to the more 
important crops for a given area and also to use the unit of 
measure that was in most common use in the area. 



INTRODUCTION 



xvu 



In most instances, the harvested acreage that was reported 
for individvial crops represents the area harvested for the 1954 
crop year. An exception was made for land in fruit orchards, 
vineyards, and planted nut trees; in this case the acreage repre- 
sents that in both bearing and nonbearing trees and vines as of 
the date of enumeration (usually October or November 1954). 
The acreage harvested for various crops is often less than the 
acreage planted. 

With three exceptions, citrus fruits, olives, and avocados, figures 
for quantity harvested represent the amount actually harvested 
during the 1954 crop year. Citrus fruit production was to be re- 
ported for the 1953-1954 marketing season (from the bloom of 
1953). Olive and avocado production for California related to 
the quantity harvested from the 1953 bloom (an instruction to 
enumerators referred to the marketing season which began 
October I, 1953). In Florida, the avocado production period, 
according to the Enumerator's Instruction Book, was to include 
the quantity harvested from the 1953 bloom (the harvesting season 
extending from July 1, 1953, to June 30, 1954). 

The unit of measure used for reporting the quantity harvested 
for some crops varied from State to State. However, the data 
in quantity harvested are shown in a common unit of measure. 
Conversions were made on the basis of standard weights and 
measures. The conversion factors used are given in Chapters VII 
and VIII of Volume II of the reports for the 1954 Census of 
Agriculture. 

Data are shown for the important kinds of crops for each type 
of farm. 

Annual legumes. — Acres and quantity harvested for the most 
important uses of soybeans, cowpeas, and peanuts, as well as 
the total acreage grown for all purposes, were obtained for areas 
where these crops are grown extensively. The total acreage 
grown for all purposes includes some acreage not harvested as 
the acreage plowed under for green manure was included. In 
certain States, separate figures were obtained for the acres grown 
alone and the acres grown with other crops. For the 1954 Census, 
enumerators were instructed to report acres and value of sales 
for cowpeas harvested for green peas with vegetables harvested 
for sale. 

Hay crops. — The tables contain data regarding the total acres 
and tons for each important kind of hay. Sorghum, soybean, 
cowpea, and peanut hays are not shown with the hay crops as 
separate questions were provided in those States where these 
crops are important. Alfalfa hay includes any production 
which was dehydrated. The tonnage of alfalfa hay for dehydra- 
tion (as well as that for other hays but not for grass silage) is 
given on a dry-weight basis. 

Enumerators and farmers were instructed to report the total 
quantity of hay harvested from all cuttings, but to report only 
once the acres of land from which more than one cutting was 
made. For 1954, alfalfa hay included alfalfa and alfalfa mixtures. 
Likewise, clover and timothy hay included clover and timothy 
and mixtures of clover and grasses. 

Irish potatoes and sweetpotatoes. — The 1954 Census inquiry for 
both Irish and sweet potatoes called for acres harvested and the 
quantity harvested. If less than 20 bushels (or 10 bags in speci- 
fied States) of Irish potatoes or if less than 20 bushels of sweetpota- 
toes were harvested, the enumerator was instructed to report the 
quantity harvested, but not the area harvested. This method 
of reporting was used in order to facilitate the enumeration of 
potatoes grown on small plots for home use. 

Tree fruits, nuts, and grapes. — For 1954, the acreage in fruit 
orchards, groves, vineyards, and planted nut trees was not 
enumerated if there were less than 20 fruit or nut trees and 
grapevines on the farm. 

In the regional questionnaire for Arizona and California, the 
acreage in each individual fruit and nut crop was secured. 

413358 O -57 -2 



The acreage in fruit and planted nut trees and grapevines does 
not usually include the acreage of wild pecans that were not 
planted. 

Nursery and greenhouse products. - The agriiulture (|iicstiiiii- 
nairc included three inquiries relating to horticultural-specialty 
crops. One called for acres and value of sales in 1954 of nursery 
products (trees, shrubs, vines, ornamentals, etc.). Anotlier asked 
for the area grown under glass; area grown in tlie open; and value 
of sales of cut flowers, potted plants, florist greens, and bedding 
plants. The third called for area grown under glass or in house; 
area grown in the open; and value of sales of vegetables grown 
under glass, flower seeds, vegetable seeds, vegetable plants, bulbs, 
and mushrooms. 

Value of all farm products sold. — The data on tlie value of all 
farm products sold represent estimates based upon the tabulation 
of data for only a sample of approximately 20 percent of the 
farms. For the sale of livestock and livestock products, the 
estimates are based upon the tabulation of data for all livestock 
and livestock products sold. For field crops, the estimates are 
based upon the tabulation of data for field crops representing 
98 percent of all field crops sold and upon estimates of the value 
of field crops sold for the other field crops sold. For fruits and 
nuts, the estimates of values are based upon the tabulation of 
data by economic class of farm for fruits and nuts representing 
80 percent of the value of all fruits and nuts sold and upon esti- 
mates of the value of fruits and nuts sold by economic class of 
farm for the other fruit-and-nut crops sold. (For an explanation 
of the methods used for computing the value of farm products 
sold and a statement of the reliability of the data, see Chapter IX 
of Volume II of the reports for the 1954 Census of Agriculture.) 

Livestock and Poultry 

The 1954 questionnaire called for an inventory of or for some 
phase of production for all the important kinds of farm animals 
and poultry. Respondents were asked for the numbers on hand 
on the day of enumeration. Livestock were to be enumerated on 
the place on which they were located, regardless of ownership. 
Livestock grazing in national forests, grazing districts, or on open 
range at the time of enumeration were to be reported for the farm 
or ranch to which they belonged. 

The time of the year at which livestock and poultry were 
enumerated influences greatly the resulting data. Therefore, the 
date of the enumeration needs to be considered when considering 
the 1954 totals. 

Milk sold. — The tables contain figures on total milk sold. 
These figures represent the total equivalent of milk and pounds of 
butterfat in cream sold in terms of whole milk. Pounds of butter- 
fat were converted into gallons or pounds of whole milk, as shown 
by data furnished by the Agricultural Marketing Service of the 
United States Department of Agriculture. 

Sows and gilts farrowing. — The 1954 questionnaire asked for 
spring litters by an inquiry on the number of sows and gilts 
farrowing between December 1, 1953, and June 1, 1954, and for 
fall litters by an inquiry on the number of sows and gilts farrowing 
since June 1, but before December 1, 1954. The cla.ssification for 
farms reporting sows and gilts farrowing or to farrow, by number 
farrowing, was made on the basis of the total sows farrowing or to 
farrow between December 1, 1953, and December 1, 1954. 

Goats and mohair. — In Louisiana, New Mexico, Oklahoma, Ore- 
gon, Texas, Washington, and in Missouri, special question.' were 
provided for reporting goats and mohair. The.se questions 
called for the number of all goats. Angora goats, and other goats, 
separately, and for the number of goats clipped and pounds of 
mohair clipped in 1954. 

Livestock products. — The inquiries regarding livestock produc- 
tion and sales relate to the calendar year 1954, and those for sales 
of livestock products relate to the products produced in 1954. 



XVUl 



SIZE OF OPERATION BY TYPE OF FARM 



Sales of live animals. — Tlie 1954 questionnaire called for the 
number and value of sales of animals sold alive from the place 
during 1954. Since the 1954 Census was a fall enumeration, an 
additional problem was involved in getting information on animals 
sold alive. It was necessary not only to ask the respondent for 
sales he had made during 1954 prior to the date of the enumeration, 
but also for an estimate of sales he would make during the re- 
mainder of 1954. Some respondents may not have reported sales 
to be made after the enumeration but before December 31, 1954. 

Source and Reliability of Data 

Source of data. — The data presented in this report are estimates 
based upon data for the 1954 Census of Agriculture. The tabula- 
tions on which the estimates were made included approximately 
20 percent of all farms in the United States. For a description of 
the sample and sampling procedures, see page XIX of the In- 
troduction to Volume II of the reports for the 1954 Census of 
Agriculture. 

Method of estimation. — Data tabulated for the sample of 
farms were expanded to represent figures for all farms. The 
expanded figure for an item was obtained by multiplying by 
five the tabulated total for that item for the farms in the 20 
percent part of the sample and adding the total for the specified 
farms. 

Reliability of estimates based on the sample. — The estimates 
based on the tabulation of data for a sample of farms are subject 
to sampling errors. Approximate measures of the sampling re- 
liability of estimates are given in Table 2 for farms reporting and for 
item totals. These measures indicate the general level of sampling 
reliability of the estimates, but do not include adequate allowances 
for sources of error other than sampling variation as, for ex- 
ample, errors in original data furnished by farmers. Sources of 
error other than sampling may be relatively more important than 
sampling variation. 

In general, the measures of sampling reliability presented are 
conservative in that they tend to overestimate the variations in 
sample estimates, because (1) the predicted limits of error do not 
always take fully into consideration that complete data were 
tabulated for all specified farms and (2) the maximum figures 
intended to serve for all economic areas were used. Consequently, 
there is a tendency to overestimate the variations in the sample, 
especially for groups with large numbers of farms or for groups 
for which the totals for specified farms represent a high percentage 
of the item totals. 

Data in Tables 2 and 3 are given to assist in determining the 
general level of sampling reliability of estimated totals. In Table 
3 a list of the items is given and the level of sampling reliability 
as shown in Table 2 is indicated. By referring to Table 2 in the 



column for the level of sampling reliability designated in Table 3 
the sampling error according to the number of farms reporting 
may be obtained. For farms reporting, the indicated level of 
sampling is level 1. Table 2 shows percentage limits such that 
the chances are about 68 in 100 that the difference between the 
estimates based on the sample and the figure that would have been 
obtained from a tabulation for all farms would be approximately 
within the limit specified. However, the chances are 99 in 100 
that the difference would be less than two and one-half times the 
percentage given in the table. 

The data in Table 2 indicate that when the number of farms 
reporting specified items is small, the item totals are subject to 
relatively large sampling errors. Nevertheless, the considerable 
detail for every classification for each item is presented to insure 
maximum usefulness for appraising estimates for any combination 
of items that may be desired. 

Percentage figures and averages derived from the tables will 
generally have greater reliability than the estimated totals; also, 
significant patterns of relationships may sometimes be observed 
even though the individual data are subject to relatively large 
sampling errors. 

Table 2. — Sampling Reliability of Estimated Number of 
Farms, Farms Reporting, and Totals for Specified Items, 
SuBREGiONS, AND United States: Census of 1954 



If the estimated number of farms or farms 

reporting is— 


Then the chances are about 2 in 3 that the 
estimated number would differ from 
result of a complete tabulation by less 
than— 




Level 1 ' 


Level 2 


Levels 


Level 4 


500 


Percent 
9.8 
6.9 
4.4 
3.1 
2.2 
1.4 
1.0 
0.7 
0.4 
0.3 


Percent 
14 
9.8 
6.2 
4.3 
3.0 
2.0 
1.4 
0.9 
0.6 
0.4 


Percent 

19 

13 
8.3 
5.8 
4.1 
2.6 
1.9 
L3 
0.8 
0.6 


Percent 
25 


1,000 


18 


2,600 


11 


.'•,000 


8.0 


10,000 


5.6 


25,000 


3.6 


50,000 . . 


2.6 


100,000 


1.8 


250,000 


1.2 


500,000 .._. 


0.8 







' Level 1 should be used in determining the sampling reUability of estimated numbers 
of farms and farms reporting. 

Differences in published data. — In some cases, the data in this 
report will differ slightly from those for the same item given in 
other reports for the 1954 Census of Agriculture, because, as a 
matter of economy, adjustments in the tabulations were not made 
when the differences were not great enough to affect the usefulness 
of the data. These differences usually amount to less than one- 
half of one percent of the total for the item. 



INTRODUCTION 



XIX 



Table 3.- — Indicated Level of Sampling Reliability of Estimated Subregion and United States Totals For Specified Items: 

Census of 1954 

(To determine sampling reliability for an Item, It Is necessary to use this table to And out which of the 4 levels of sampling reliability given In Table 2 to use. Reference Is required, 

also, to the subregion or United States table In order to obtain the number of farms reporting) 



Item 
(For definitions and explanations, see text) 



Farms and farm characteristics: 

Value of land and buildings per farm dollars.. 

Lund In farms - - acres. 

Cropland; Total, harvested, pastured, or other - acres. 

Woodland: Total, pastured or not pastured acres. 

Total pastureland acres. 

Total Irrigated land, land In crops for erosion control, or cropland farmed on contoiu' acres. 

Commercial fertilizer: 

Commercial fertilizer purchased __ - tons. 

Acres on which commercial fertilizer applied _ - acres. 

Lime or liming material purchased -.. ..tons. 

Acres on which hme or liminR material applied acres. 

Specified facilities and equipment: 

Grain combines, corn pickers, pick-up balers, feed forage harvesters number. 

Artificial ponds, reservoirs, and earth tanks number. 

Motortrucks number. 

Tractors: Total, wheel, garden, or crawler number. 

Automobiles number. 

Farm labor : 

Total hired workers and impaid family workers persons. 

Hired workers: 

Regular. persons. 

Seasonal persons- 
Specified farm expenditures: 

Machine hire and/or hired labor dollars. 

Feed for livestock and poultry _ .dollars. 

Gasoline and other petroleum fuel and oil dollars. 

Commercial fertilizer purchased dollars. 

Livestock and livestock products: 

Horses and/or mules .number. 

Cattle and calves. .number. 

Cows including heifers that have calved _ _ _ .number. 

Milk cows _ number. 

Hog^ and pigs number- 
Sheep and lambs. number- 
Chickens, 4 months old and over, on hand... _ number. 

Cattle and calves sold number. 

Hogs and pigs sold - number. 

Sheep shorn - - poimds of wool. 

Milk sold .-- - pounds. 

Cream potmds of butterfat. 

Chickens sold number. 

Chicken eggs sold dozens. 

Value of products sold: 

Hogs and pigs sold. dollars. 

Whole milk sold dollars. 

Cream sold ...dollars. 

Chicken eggs sold _ _ dollars. 

Other poultry and poultry products sold... dollars. 

Forest products sold.. .dollars. 

Specified crops harvested : 

Corn for all purposes acres. 

Com harvested for grain acres. 

bushels harvested, 
bushels sold. 

Sorghum for all purposes acres. 

Sorghum for grain acres. 

bushels harvested, 
bushels sold. 

Wheat threshed or combined _ acres. 

busbels harvested, 
bushels sold. 

Oats threshed or combined .acres. 

bushels harvested- 
bushels sold- 

Barley threshed or combined acres. 

bushels harvested, 
bushels sold. 

Flax threshed or combined acres. 

bushels harvested . 
bushels sold. 

Alfalfa bay acres. 

tons harvested. 

Clover hay acres. 

tons harvested. 

Sugar beets for sugar acres. 

tons harvested. 

Wild hay _ acres. 

Soybeans for beans acres. 

bushels harvested. 

Irish potatoes ._ ...acres. 

bushels or 100-lb. bags harvested. 

Cotton acres. 

bales harvested. 

Tobacco (all types) ..acres. 

pounds harvested. 

Land In fruit orchards, vineyards, and planted nut trees acres. 

Value of vegetables sold dollars. 



Total 



Type-of-farm groups 



Vegetable 
and fruit- 
and -nut 



Other 
fleld-crop 

and 

general— 

primarily 

crop 



Dairy 



Poultry 



Livestock 
general— 
primarily 
livestock, 

and 
primarily 
crop and 
livestock 



Note: Items whose level is Indicated by an X may be approximated by using the level given In ooliunn beaded "Total.' 



SUMMARY FOR THE UNITED STATES 

(1) 



SIZE OF OPERATION BY TYPE OF FARM 

Table 1. -FARMS AND FARM CHARACTERISTICS FOR ALL CASH-GRAIN FARMS, BY ECONOMIC CLASS: CENSUS OF 1954 



LOata are based on reports for only a sample of farms. See text. Statistics for subreglons in Table 2^ 



Item 
(For definitions and explanations, see text) 



All 

comnercial 

farms 



Economic clas^j 



F&BiEt ACREAGE, AND VALUE 

Paras • number. 

Percent distribution percent. 

Land io fans acres . 

Percent distribution percent. 

Average size of farm acres . 

Valae of laad Bad buiidiaga: 

Average per farm dollars. 

Average per acre dollars . 

I^ad ia faras aceordiag to ose: 

Cropland harvested farms reporting. 

acres. 

Percent distribution percent. 

Cropland used only for pasture....- farms reporting. 

acres . 

Cropland not harvested and not pastured farms reporting. 

acres. 

Ifoodland pastured farms reporting. 

acres. 
Woodland not pastured farms reporting. 

acres. 
Other pasture (not cropland 
and not woodland) farms reporting. 

acres. 
Inqjroved (see text).* farms reporting. 

acres. 
Other land (house lots, roads, 
wasteland, etc.) farms reporting. 

acres . 
Cropland, total farms reporting. 

acres . 
land pastured, total farms reporting. 

acres . 
Woodland, total farms reporting. 

acres . 
Irrigated land in farms farms reporting. 

acres . 

RESIDENCE OF FARM OPERATOR 

Residing on farm operated operators reporting . 

Not residing on farm operated operators reporting. 

Operators not reporting residence number . 

FARJE BY SIZE 

Under 10 acres number. 

10 to 29 acres number . 

30 to 49 acres number. 

50 to 69 acres number. 

70 to 99 acres number. 

100 to 139 acres number. 

140 to 179 acres number. 

180 to 219 acres number . 

220 to 259 acres number . 

260 to 499 acres number. 

500 to 999 acres number . 

1,000 acres and over number. 

FARM OPERATORS BY COLOR AND TENURE 

All fara operatora: 

Owners, part owners, and managers number. 

All tenants number. 

Croppers number. 

All white operatora: 

Owners, part owners, and managers number. 

All tenants number. 

Croppers number . 

All Boawbite operatora: 

Owners, part owners, and managers number. 

All tenants number . 

Croppers number. 

FARM OPERATORS BY AGE 

Under 25 years operators reporting. , 

25 to 34 years operators reporting. , 

35 to 44 years operators reporting. . 

45 to 54 years operators reporting.. 

55 to 64 years operators reporting . , 

65 years and over operators reporting . . 

OFF-FARM WORK AND OTHER INCOME 

Fara operatora— 

With other income of family exceeding value of farm 

products sold operators reporting. . 

Working off their farms, by days 

worked, total operators reporting.. 

None operators reporting. . 

1 to 99 days operators reporting. . 

100 to 199 days operators reporting. . 

200 days or more operators reporting. . 



3,327,889 

XXX 

1,032,493,352 

XXX 

310.3 

25,437 
83.07 

3,148,874 
321,586,517 

XXX 

1,412,539 

57,506,468 

889,841 

52,491,969 



1,057,059 

94,424,817 

919,891 

55,836,567 

1,488,954 

415,276,760 

311,862 

16,094,374 

2,982,199 

35,370,254 

3,224,297 

431,584,954 

2, 602, 192 

567,208,045 

1,616,252 

150,261,384 

264,488 

29,033,584 



3,055,919 
202,894 
69,076 



U5,400 
351,398 

271,523 
211,758 
368,902 
391,913 

403,032 
231,719 
190,412 
451,921 
182,550 
127,361 



2,368,210 
959, 679 
241,882 



2,271,292 
719, 195 
95,132 



96,91S 
240,4«4 
146, 750 



72,001 
459,899 
776,985 
809,004 
668, 587 
477,841 



359,188 

1,113,085 

2,155,510 

679,443 

136,920 

296,722 



537,974 
100.0 

204,483,951 
100.0 
380.1 

40,064 
102.53 

537,974 

111,455,325 

100.0 

201,449 

7,556,684 

218,635 

27,628,739 

95,770 

5,424,998 

103, 725 

5,016,580 

261,834 

38,656,615 

28,610 

1,005,210 

505,215 

8,745,010 

537,967 

146, 640, 748 

427,251 

51,638,297 

173,203 

10,441,573 

34,268 

5,644,000 



469,485 
58,040 
10,449 



1,015 
8,121 
18,610 
18,151 
4a, 008 
50,423 

78,190 
42,188 
44,914 
129,205 
63,933 
35,216 



361, 718 

176,256 

2,389 



359,639 

175,033 

2,429 



2,079 
1,223 

460 



14,126 
91,853 
129,802 
124,684 
101,040 
67,990 



55,963 

194, 343 
327,879 
115,986 
25,132 
53,225 



21,995 
4.1 

32,876,376 

16.1 

1,494.7 

163,664 
108.96 

21,995 

15,611,777 

14.0 

8,962 

1,509,348 

11,415 

6,215,536 



3,020 
324,462 

2,868 
588,346 

9,993 

7,241,886 

1,866 

174,340 

19,943 

884, 521 

21,995 

23,337,161 

16,437 

9,576,196 

5,297 

1,412,808 

6,961 

2,873,909 



18,171 

3,502 

322 



166 

208 

333 

5,052 

6,630 

9,500 



15,452 

6,543 

106 



15,396 
6,520 

106 



360 
3,981 

7,145 
5,435 
3,313 
1,278 



421 

4,424 

17,143 

3,357 

365 

702 



110,597 
20.6 

61,813,267 
30.2 
558.9 

67,673 
118.02 

110, 597 

35,728,117 

32.1 

50,714 

2,034,450 

44,201 

3,261,987 



17,114 

1,216,314 

16,333 

986, 387 

53, 727 

11,192,070 

7,175 

298,173 

106,099 

2,343,942 

110,597 

46,074,554 

91,683 

14,492,834 

29,272 

2,202,701 

10,245 

1,543,110 



99,179 
9,774 
1,644 



5 

45 

115 

500 

1,590 

8,306 
9,548 
13,799 
41,210 
21,632 
13,847 



64,743 

45,854 

278 



64,568 

45, 8U 
278 



175 
43 



2,150 
23,135 
33,115 
27,596 
16,657 

6,730 



2,398 

31,520 
76,004 
25,472 
2,705 
3,343 



160,337 
29.8 

58,280,394 
23.5 
363.5 

37,193 
99.07 

160,337 

33,910,970 

30.4 

64,649 

1,976,839 

64,841 

6,634,653 



27,233 
1,373,241 

26,865 
1,119,624 

84,330 

10,592,636 

3,473 

269, 162 

153,352 

2,672,376 

160, 337 

42,522,467 

U5,564 

U,942,766 

46,457 

2,492,865 

8,463 

757,269 



143,977 
U,295 
2,065 



55 

350 

825 

6,341 

14,168 

29,887 
17,007 
17,014 
45, 576 
21,134 
7,980 



99,449 

60,888 

371 



99,240 

60,753 

361 



129,042 
24.0 

33,565,128 

16.4 

260.1 

22,397 
84.12 

129,042 

13,155,926 

16.3 

42,644 

1,190,235 

53,647 

4,048,864 



23,276 

1,036,241 

25,317 

964,056 

66,069 
6,382,009 

6,178 
163,006 

120,979 

1,787,797 

129,042 

23,395,025 

102,055 

8,608,435 

42,741 

2,000,297 

4,974 

312,907 



209 

135 

10 



4,419 
30,420 
41,797 
39,423 
28,427 
14, 106 



7,445 

54,227 
101, 586 

38,333 
6,639 
8,700 



111,576 
15,429 
2,037 



35 
460 
2,895 
4,390 
18,625 
18,335 

24,115 
10,140 

9,616 
26,039 
11,023 

2,864 



90,378 

33,664 

539 



39,994 
38,433 

449 



334 
231' 
90 



3,796 
20,531 
27,319 
29,226 
27,158 
19,087 



18,123 

52,730 
69,437 
26,994 
3,436 

17,300 



82,789 
15.4 

U, 903, 435 

6.8 

167.9 

14,402 
34.46 

82,789 

6,562,741 

5.9 

24,973 

577,713 

32,603 

1,815,462 



17, 188 
698,200 

21,356 
886,924 

35,408 

2,549,201 

3,521 

72,709 

75,499 

813,194 

82,782 

8,955,916 

59,149 

3,325,114 

33,764 

1,585,124 

2,830 

131,852 



68,314 
11,380 
2,595 



85 
2,781 
9,695 
8,651 
16,666 
12,140 

12,296 
4,080 
3,452 
9,297 
2,848 
798 



64,534 

18,255 

673 



63,920 

17,879 
533 



614 
376 
140 



2,501 
11,530 
16,438 
17,703 
17,537 
15,097 



27,571 

43,682 
38,993 
13,565 
6,937 
23, 180 



SUMMARY FOR THE UNITED STATES 



Table l.-FARMS AND FARM CHARACTKRISTICS FOR ALL CASH-GRAIN FARMS, BY ECONOMIC CLASS: 

CENSUS OF 1954-Conlinued 

[Data are based on reports for only a sample of farms. See text. Statistics for subregions In Table 2] 



{For definitions and explanations, see text) 





All 
Goramercial 






Economic class 


























farms 


Total 


Class I 


Class II 


Class III 


Class IV 


Class V 


Class VI 




496,839 


33,862 


336 


2,278 


5,367 


7,822 


10,125 


7,934 




135,364 


3,100 


37 


174 


339 


469 


735 


1,346 




330,922 


7,445 


54 


240 


635 


1,265 


1,937 


3,314 




868,118 


118,535 


3,339 


27,094 


35,381 


27,507 


14,969 


5-, 245 




1,506,646 


375,032 


13,229 


80,811 


118,615 


91,979 


55,023 


15,375 




1,745,567 


355,003 


17,091 


87,089 


114,299 


78,247 


44,973 


13,304 




3,120,327 


506,943 


21,410 


107,899 


154,090 


i2i,ao 


74,093 


28,041 




1,204,223 


231,240 


13,283 


60,595 


69,957 


47,519 


31,301 


8,535 




2,023,700 


348,227 


20,057 


90,081 


105,754 


72,918 


44,657 


14,760 




1,189,542 


229,095 


16,052 


66,309 


71,868 


44,551 


23,802 


6,513 




109,332 


18,353 


1,438 


7,307 


6,104 


2,342 


936 


226 




668,851 


137,766 


7,023 


40,027 


48,996 


28,463 


10,794 


2,463 




686,327 


76,066 


2,120 


24,115 


30,984 


13,629 


4,464 


754 




896,010 


328,678 


19,792 


91,645 


113,576 


70,486 


27,643 


5,536 




950, 3U 


360,235 


31,044 


102,438 


119,626 


73,007 


28,370 


5,800 




662,654 


210,194 


7,540 


62,549 


78,105 


43,210 


16,325 


2,465 




674,182 


215,113 


8,937 


64,630 


79,065 


43,543 


16,445 


2,488 




426,979 


71,705 


5,544 


24,137 


23,965 


12,225 


4,653 


1,131 




431,944 


72,523 


5,678 


24,406 


24,138 


12,397 


4,693 


1,211 




193,503 


27,428 


2,568 


10,751 


8,957 


3,774 


1,086 


292 




197,628 


28,010 


2,762 


10,937 


9,022 


3,825 


1,162 


302 




1,773,239 


341,337 


20,823 


89,114 


108,195 


74,218 


37,994 


10,993 




2,223,443 


458,509 


53,336 


130,193 


133,890 


36,221 


42,714 


12,155 




2,398,698 


495,295 


21,590 


108,018 


154,262 


119,834 


70, 563 


21,028 




4,127,764 


947,323 


30,595 


263,505 


293,901 


188,168 


95,451 


25,703 




2,340,870 


486,973 


19,827 


105,741 


152,783 


118,720 


69,480 


20,422 




3,750,125 


859,501 


61,670 


236,535 


273,916 


175,616 


83,054 


23,710 




223,851 


47,290 


3,655 


14,410 


13,127 


8,952 


5,679 


1,467 




233,562 


48,246 


3,828 


14,669 


13,325 


9,150 


5,777 


1,497 




115,662 


30,077 


8,438 


10,521 


6,012 


3,123 


1,520 


463 




144,077 


39,576 


15,097 


12,301 


6,660 


3,402 


1,620 


496 




2,479,206 


476,669 


21,008 


106,135 


148,998 


112,711 


66,785 


21,032 




3,199,713 


608,807 


41,882 


146,586 


183,990 


133,994 


78,854 


23,501 


. 


3,129,241 


493, 506 


21,381 


106, 553 


152,209 


113,024 


72,304 


28,030 




7,936,196 


968,290 


83,519 


2a, 361 


288,525 


202,159 


113,544 


39,182 




3,084,012 


491,952 


20,369 


104,815 


150,704 


116,707 


71,513 


27,844 




3,029,184 


484,052 


20,094 


103,284 


148,481 


114,720 


70,151 


27,322 




496,571 


91,413 


2,529 


15,115 


25,014 


22,664 


18,424 


7,667 




2,532,613 


392,639 


17,565 


88,169 


123,467 


92,056 


51,727 


19,655 




1,421,260 


186,782 


7,183 


43,867 


62,733 


43,292 


22,747 


6,950 




2,291,735 


272,804 


11,781 


67,828 


92,038 


60,850 


31,137 


9,170 




697,337 


106,471 


15,430 


38,493 


28,334 


15,579 


7,012 


1,623 




2,615,277 


211,434 


51,644 


70,249 


48,006 


26,589 


12,256 


2,690 




323,208 


45,400 


11,960 


19,602 


3,924 


3,496 


1,094 


324 




670,934 


65,570 


24,271 


24,655 


10,594 


4,177 


1,439 


434 




453,384 


71,915 


7,502 


23,263 


21,042 


12,680 


6,102 


1,326 




1,944,343 


145,864 


27,373 


45, 594 


37,412 


22,412 


10,817 


2,256 




3,308,888 


536,612 


21,935 


110,511 


160,218 


128,892 


82,457 


32,599 




2,690,305 


438,743 


21,223 


98,651 


134,067 


100,547 


62,195 


22,055 




2,073,506 


356,818 


13,784 


75,171 


109,492 


84,686 


54,352 


19,333 




602,982,131 


123,576,007 


21,099,078 


37,193,329 


35,494,596 


21,585,100 


10,307,039 


2,396,865 




1,944,892 


295,567 


20,586 


82,794 


94,234 


59,647 


29,731 


3,575 




2,214,180,127 


213,935,264 


81,797,263 


71,758,344 


36,326,816 


16,514,080 


6,044,402 


1,494,359 




1,285,814 


202,065 


2,247 


42,007 


72,265 


50,804 


26,353 


7,384 




529,493 


78,460 


342 


10,838 


26,129 


22,284 


13,994 


4,373 




330,778 


54,568 


494 


10,962 


20,064 


14,074 


7,135 


1,339 




425,543 


69,037 


1,4U 


20,207 


26,072 


14,446 


5,729 


1,172 




236,747 


38,022 


2,163 


15,750 


12,354 


5,482 


1,817 


456 




242,875 


36,432 


6,040 


18, 588 


3,073 


2,760 


843 


178 




99,170 


12,741 


5,469 


5,277 


1,297 


454 


188 


56 




80,286 


6,257 


4,667 


1,172 


245 


147 


25 


1 




2,551,473 


333,244 


15,113 


88,290 


126,273 


83,555 


50,694 


19,319 




3,681,510,455 


238,975,557 


24,071,595 


86,853,623 


73,054,461 


33,960,465 


13,127,071 


2,908,342 




2,666,693 


507,123 


21,448 


108,197 


156,313 


123,195 


74,074 


23,891 




1,312,642,381 


337,900,300 


50,805,895 


107, 267; 377 


100,386,707 


54,225,620 


20,559,070 


4,655,631 




2,294,5a 


316,269 


15,855 


74,274 


92,488 


68,402 


47,172 


13,078 




1,023,734,322 


185,409,837 


39,945,098 


63,854,044 


45,273,401 


22,579,127 


11,044,574 


2,713,593 




17,765,047 


2,875,268 


549,047 


976,166 


718,247 


377,612 


200,692 


53,504 




116,120,634 


28,837,127 


5,673,193 


9,750,165 


7,518,553 


3,778,050 


1,7U,107 


406,064 




450,834 


66,290 


2,666 


17,870 


19,523 


13,800 


9,571 


2,860 




64,967,578 


12,030,470 


1,261,442 


4,239,478 


3,506,445 


1,842,370 


1,002,1U 


228,624 




16,208,244 


3,339,615 


354,212 


1,218,174 


968,918 


530,301 


260,371 


57,139 




9,762,281 


1,754,890 


187, a3 


611,734 


439,565 


271,811 


155,891 


33,476 




1,324,404 


129,080 


3,430 


27,508 


36,355 


29,2a 


17,6a 


9,905 




3,262,4^9 


295,773 


28,521 


64,231 


79,073 


64,534 


33,287 


21,127 




2,626,959 


400,440 


16,159 


90,323 


130,133 


94,214 


51,433 


18,178 




83,843,964 


10,619,960 


1,341,931 


3,372,578 


3,384,055 


l,770,ai 


611,859 


139,126 




2,529,921 


379,890 


15,222 


85,475 


125,025 


89,885 


47, 514 


16,769 




41,969,236 


4,778,438 


610,598 


1,471,303 


1,533,342 


312,511 


285,368 


65,316 




2,166,476 


294,644 


9,950 


63,899 


98,883 


70,848 


37,451 


13,613 




18,663,736 


1,585,132 


54,954 


a8,347 


591,333 


354,636 


130,821 


35,031 




1,792,467 


221,972 


7,773 


53,213 


74,981 


49,532 


26,156 


10,267 




54,963,546 


6,316,003 


494, 545 


2,404,136 


2,202,593 


878,908 


275,545 


60,276 




27,718,057 


3,275,073 


227,571 


1,240,117 


1,136,055 


461,351 


130,939 


29,040 




2,406,330 


355,395 


12,185 


75, a7 


114,316 


34,770 


48,198 


20,009 




340,361,825 


44,663,902 


1,312,771 


11,708,136 


16,545,786 


9,771,553 


4,101,292 


1,224,364 




303,556 


56,675 


2,586 


16,074 


19,196 


11,892 


5,761 


1,166 




30,176,438 


2,309,999 


384,656 


769,496 


668,806 


338,690 


130,664 


17,687 




13,222,016 


1,363,100 


217,138 


436,111 


407,286 


210,479 


30,672 


11, a4 




1,037,822 


80,907 


13,518 


26,542 


21,964 


12,313 


5,549 


1,021 



FAME BY CLASS OF WORK POWER 

No tractor, horses, or mules farnis reporting;. 

No tractor and only 1 horse or mule farms reporting. 

No tractor and 2 or more horses and/or mules farms reporting. 

Tractor and horses and/or mules farms reporting. 

Tractor and no horses or mules farms reporting . 

SPECIFIED FACILITIES AND EQUIPMENT 

Telephone farms reporting . 

Electricity farms reporting. 

Television set farms reporting. 

Piped running water farms reporting . 

Home freezer farms reporting . 

Electric pig brooder farms reporting. 

Power feed grinder farms reporting. 

Milking machine farms reporting. 

Grain combines farms reporting . 

number . 
Com pickers farms reporting . 

number . 
Pick-up hay balers farms reporting . 

number . 
Field forage harvesters farms reporting. 

number . 
Stotortrucks farms reporting. 

number . 
Tractors farms reporting. 

number . 
Wheel tractors other than garden farms reporting. 

number . 
Garden trac tors Carms reporting . 

number . 
Crawler tractors farms reporting. 

number . 
Automobiles farms reporting. 

number . 
FARM LABOR 

Week of Sept. 26-Oct. 2 and/or Oct. 24-30: 

Family and/ or hired workers farms reporting . 

persons. 

Family workers, including operator farms reporting. 

Operators working 1 hour or more persons. 

1 to lif hours persons . 

15 hours or more persons . 

Unpaid members of operator's family farms reporting. 

persons . 

Hired workers farms reporting. 

persons. 
Regular workers (to be employed 

150 days or more ) farms reporting . 

persons . 
Seasonal workers (to be employed 

less than 150 days) farms reporting. 

persons . 
SPECIFIED FARM EXPENDITURES 

Specified farm expenditures^ farms reporting., 

Machine hire and/ or hired labor farms reporting . . 

Machine hire farms reporting . , 

dollars. , 

Hired labor farms reporting . , 

dollars. , 

$.1 to $<V99 farms reporting . , 

$1 to $99 farms reporting., 

$100 to $199 farms reporting , , 

$200 to $499 farms reporting . , 

$500 to $999 fanns reporting., 

$1,000 to $2,-;99 farms reporting., 

$2,500 to $4,999 farms reporting., 

$5,000 and over ....farms reporting.. 

Feed for livestock and poultry farms reporting. . 

dollars. , 

Gasoline and other petroleum fuel and oil farms reporting.. 

dollars. . 
Commercial fertilizer and 

fertilizing material farms reporting., 

dollars . , 

tons . , 

acres on which used.. 

Lime and liming material farms reporting., 

dollars . , 

tons. . 

acres on which used., 

LIVESTOCK AND LIVESTOCK PRODUCTS 

Livestock on hand: 

Horses and mules... .......................... .farms reporting.. 

number.. 

All cattle and calves = farms reporting.. 

number. . 
Cows, including heifers that have calved. . .farms reporting,. 

number.. 

Milk cows farms reporting.. 

numbe r . . 

All hogs and pigs farms report ing . . 

number . . 

Bom before June 1 niunber. . 

Chickens 4 months old and over farms reporting.. 

number. . 

Sheep, total farms reporting,, 

number. . 
Number 1 year and orer: 

E\res number.. 

Rama and wethers number.. 



^Excludes farms reporting expenditures for commercial fertilizer and lime. 



SIZE OF OPERATION BY TYPE OF FARM 



Table 1. -FARMS AND FARM CHARACTERISTICS FOR ALL CASH-GRAIN FARMS, BY ECONOMIC CLASS: 

CENSUS OF 1954-Coininued 

[Data are based on reports for only a sample of farms. See text. Statistics for subregions in Table 2] 



Itos 
(For definitions and explanations, see text) 



All 

cczmierclal 

faims 



Econcmlc class 



Livestock and livestock products sold: 

Cattle and calves sold alive farms reporting.. 

nuiDber.. 
dollars . . 

Hogs and pigs sold alive farms reporting.. 

number. , 
dollars. ■ 

Chickens sold farms reporting., 

dollars.. 

Chicken eggs sold farms reporting.. 

dozens . , 
dollars.. 

Milk sold^ pounds. . 

dollars.. 

Sheep sold farms reporting., 

number. . 
dollars . . 

ESTIMATED VAUJE OF FAKM PRODUCTS SOLD (see text) 

All farm products sold dollars.. 

All crops sold dollars . , 

Field crops, other than vegetables 

and fruits and nuts sold .....dollars., 

Vegetables sold dollars . , 

Fruits and nuts sold dollars . , 

Horticultural specialties sold dollars.. 

All livestock and livestock products sold dollars . , 

Dairy products sold dollars . , 

Poultry and poultry products sold dollars.. 

Livestock and livestock products, other than 
dairy and poultry, sold dollars . , 

Forest products sold dollars . , 

SPECIFIED CROPS HARVESTED 

Com for all purposes farms reporting. 

acres . , 

Com harvested for grain farms reporting,, 

acres . , 

bushels harvested., 

bushels sold*, 

Sorghum for all purposes except for sirup.. farms reporting., 

acres . , 
Sorghum harvested for grain or seed bushels sold.. 

Wheat threshed or combined acres . , 

bushels harvested., 
bushels sold.. 

Spring whfeat threshed or combined acres., 

bushels harvested., 
bushels sold . . 

Oats threshed or combined acres., 

bushels harvested,, 
bushels sold . , 

Barley threshed or combined .farms reporting., 

acres. , 

bushels harvested . , 

bushels sold.. 

Rye threshed or combined bushels sold . , 

Buckwheat threshed or combined bushels sold.. 

Flaxseed threshed or combined bushels sold., 

Rice threshed or combined bushels sold., 

Soybeans harvested for beans , bushels., 

Soybeans cut for hay tons.. 

Peanuts harvested for picking or threshing pounds., 

Dry field and seed beans harvested for beans pounds., 

Lima beans harvested for dry beans 100-lb. bags., 

Other dry field beans harvested for beans lOO-lb. bags., 

Dry field and seed peas harvested for peas pounds., 

Alfalfa seed harvested bushels., 

Red clover seed harvested bushels., 

Lespedeza seed harvested pounds . , 

Hairy vetch seed harvested pounds . , 

Other vetch seed harvested pounds . , 

Austrian winter peas harvested pounds.. 

Cotton harvested farms reporting., 

acres., 
bales harvested . 

Popcorn harvested ........pounds harvested.. 

Sugarcane harvested for sugar. tons . . 

Tobacco harvested pounds harvested . . 

Tobacco harvested (type not specified) pounds harvested.. 

Burley tobacco harvested pounds harvested,. 

Dark-fired tobacco harvested .pounds harvested. 

Dark air-cured tobacco harvested,. ....pounds harvested,. 

Flue-cured tobacco harvested .pounds harvested. 

Sugarcane or sorghum harvested for sirup gallons, 

Irish potatoes harvested for home use or for sale bushels, 

Sweetpotatoes harvested for home use or 

for sale bushels , 

Vegetables harvested for sale farms reporting, 

dollars. 

Land in bearing and nonbearlng fruit orchards, groves, 

vineyards, and planted nut trees^ farms reporting. 

acres , 

Apples^ bushels harvested . 

Peaches^ bushels harvested. 



42 

4,219 

1 

56 
2,289 

696 

1 

2,663 

922 

93,710. 

3,330, 

22, 



168,490 
590,662 
053,073 
255,555 
641,238 
760, 716 
921,435 
321, 848 
391,630 
617,211 
141,662 
976,980 
025,237 
259,762 
425,250 
536,753 



24,298,622,950 
11,955,045,301 

9,735,818,610 
628,498,349 
1,186,848,705 
403,879,637 

12,223,361,628 
3,330,025,237 
1,907,376,647 

6,985,959,744 
120,216,021 



2,300,261 

74,377,194 

2,046,377 

63,394,112 

2,547,823,454 

992,119,020 

329,899 
17,112,709 
175,980,777 



50, 
900, 
800, 

166, 

140, 

37, 

1,301, 

344, 

1^, 
352, 
235, 

10, 

51, 
142, 
322, 



582,348 
761,498 
412,820 
304,189 
017,093 
147,001 
312,820 
894,795 
163,274 
308,436 
440,079 
824,132 
606,108 
397,747 
970,191 
332,584 
050,327 
324, 503 
737, 530 



851,977,545 

7,650,024 

2,229,034 

8,122,146 

281,666,092 

2,012,961 

748,392 

40,093,099 

6,948,539 

6,196,030 

23,874,745 

731,802 

17,963,656 

12,516,285 

156,266,472 

6,531,040 

1,822,282,985 
427,597,922 
432, 733, 314 
46,103,715 
22,877,855 
861,260,424 

2,125,041 
330,340,999 

23,603,806 

228,909 

628,498,349 



288,709 

3,610,183 

107,019,140 

55,106,900 



330,231 

3,889,543 

356,458,272 

184,830 

5,529,845 

216,271,564 

160,821 

14,506,326 

251,120 

262,603,768 

74,317,389 

5,387,930,840 

144,058,288 

44,975 

1,320,122 

20,219,899 



4,489,878,567 
3,650,235,791 

3,625,168,080 
17,145,931 
6,280,315 
1,641,465 

836,992,205 

144,058,288 

91,756,814 

601,177,103 
2,650,571 



377,990 

21,492,438 

349,775 

19,918,828 

889,482,390 

636,420,494 

84,785 
7,004,529 
88,851,589 

34,323,231 

606,102,521 

558,298,681 

10,286,344 

117,669,731 

102,342,797 

11,376,093 

377,390,073 

193,980,673 

109, 580 

7,312,310 

188,945,771 

150,186,543 

4,763,962 

239,523 

22,216,429 

133,690,815 

200,211,816 

98,804 

7,816,347 

3,607,642 

1,425,603 

4,349,980 

254,275,580 

215,342 

227,445 

12,498,538 

3,047,445 

2,892,860 

11,856,085 

14,602 

518,389 

228,972 

65,240,992 

12,690 

10,331,533 
2,449,805 
4,042,967 
746,325 
1,505,407 
1,587,079 

9,325 
12,137,673 

296,000 

13,889 

17,145,931 



19,551 

67,885 

615,017 

679,399 



14, 362 

612,297 

65,264,107 

6,562 

526,284 

22,573,362 

4,266 

860,451 

6,451 

8,031,693 

2,534,352 

241,867,601 

8,326,424 

2,039 

258,103 

4,257,783 



1,002,575,113 
896,359,848 

886,211,505 

7,458,800 

2,289,913 

399,630 

105,646,834 
8,326,424 
3,397,781 

93,422,629 
568,431 



8,953 

1,608,162 

8,388 

1,529,606 

83,430,603 

71,243,444 

3,293 
1,073,989 
30,512,415 

5,941,182 

146,679,985 

140,017,001 

1,023,879 

19,409,493 

18,133,250 

779,967 

32,909,392 

22,416,968 

7,842 

1,737,109 

59,548,992 

52,339,946 

512,534 

1,230 

1,652,544 

101,836,170 

25,343,719 

5,406 

1,848,355 

449,942 

1,271,323 

1,299,017 

168,215,156 

51,074 

13,039 

5,953,372 

1,087,830 

516,000 

3,968,600 

1,453 

139,927 

103,743 

15,142,172 

10,840 

266, 505 
12,800 
70,167 

24,164 
159,374 

1,600 
4,646,685 

56,721 

830 

7,458,300 



82,035 

1,382,203 

138,932,375 

50, 316 

2,336,027 

95,377,318 

40,202 

4,447,420 

56,354 

82,503,390 

23, 801, 827 

1,847,707,997 

53,531,943 

13,360 

451,833 

7,007,281 



1,634,137.468 
1,306,623,219 

1,300,131.762 

4,706,720 
969,712 
815,025 

326,327,255 
53,531,943 
29,327,763 

243,967,549 
636,994 



77,698 

7,277,401 

73,446 

6,865,193 

354,199,664 

263,074,930 

13,265 
2,323,403 
32,182,736 



114,445 

1,174,771 

100,329,803 

68,001 

1,845,104 

70,4*3,624 

60,335 

5,343,182 

89,172 

102,922,425 

23,534,353 

2,083,623.220 

53,339,525 

15,415 

364,906 

5,516,875 



1,172.822,056 
905,522,717 

901,574,257 

2,803,762 

932,608 

162,090 

266,739,318 
53,339,525 
34,677,841 

173,721,952 
560,021 



118,519 
7,115,123 

109,044 

6,540,888 

276,232,770 

133,207,360 

26,930 
2,025,030 
16,769,808 



11,133, 

209,886, 

194,792, 

2,901 

39,502, 

35,325, 

3,439, 

127,529, 

67,660, 

25, 

2,199, 

57,902, 

45,370, 

1,533, 

22, 

7,366, 

24,592, 

36,470, 

20, 



923 

12,961 

34,647 

335,371 



1,549,452 

1,339,360 

137,675 

1,268,569 

64,825,189 

82,774 

73,337 

3,213,761 

1,465,680 

1,370,610 

5,375,535 

3,225 

164,830 

65,227 

23,239,670 

700 

2,190,243 

766,470 
725,150 
22,500 
290,368 
335,755 

220 
4,391,047 

35,631 

3,173 

4,706,720 



3,614 

12,800 

75,652 

113,384 



932,599 
086,665 
481,883 
395,026 
915,239 
715,720 
969, 507 
424,586 
,333,482 
34,218 
,891,359 
,573,993 
,532,135 
,423,876 
51,075 
,236,871 
,581,569 
,673,321 
25,956 



2,102,200 

1,309,162 

6,555 

943,622 

15,763,235 

55,034 

74,408 

1,575,815 

415,305 

704,940 

1,930,550 

3,607 

113,716 

33,483 

15,572,785 

1,150 

2,729,750 
710,300 
817,130 
264,000 
372,365 
565,955 

425 
1,918,703 

62,844 

3,489 

2,803,762 



5,084 

11,203 

101,102 

53,653 



76,439 

534,136 

40,061,381 

39,391 

615, 373 

21,747,349 

36,421 

2,656,076 

60, 867 

50,752,249 

14,125,484 

964,071,054 

22,911,388 

9,287 

175,458 

2,489,339 



496,233,885 
390,201,463 

387,918,642 

1,270,029 

856,772 

156,020 

105,603,886 
22,911,888 
17,134,229 

65,557,759 
473,536 



91,302 

3,531,183 

32,740 

3,278,373 

117,490,200 

76,458,187 

19,105 
1,070,339 
6,312,326 

5,302,529 

70,302,929 

62,433,731 

2,214,007 

13,304,409 

14, 923, 567 

2,194,641 

62,780,351 

29,856,187 

27,495 

1,092,601 

21,761,470 

15,175,280 

853,948 

51,945 

3,893,242 

1,305,052 

21,377,439 

19,091 

1,575,700 

409,638 

8,375 

573, 512 

4,575,030 

20,595 

44,731 

1,247,355 

47,550 

152,035 

350,150 

3,341 

69,878 

18,333 

4,639,100 



2,555,350 
472,350 

1,162,660 
247,270 
449,620 
223,950 

1,405 
632,507 

59,299 

2,680 
1,270,029 



4,371 
12,973 
83,923 
48,440 



34,230 

160,885 

10,523,444 

16,822 

179,252 

5,429,379 

15,519 

1,005,300 

23,789 

15,679,235 

4,472,523 

226,661,120 

5,413,619 

4,193 

63,112 

864,675 



158,191,933 
129,432,677 

127,939,496 

743,550 

596,781 

52,750 

28,419,917 
5,413,519 
5,593,048 

17,313,250 
289,344 



57,662 

1,465,093 

53,859 

1,343,018 

43,540,136 

27,245,333 

14,500 

409,133 

2,237,544 

1,696,756 

21, 593, 107 

18,840,337 

625,343 

4,302,995 

3,747,632 

807,051 

22,045,140 

11,429,322 

11, 731 

327,853 

6,173,912 

4,191,493 

314,680 

79,153 

945, 511 

339,687 

6,392,840 

20,236 

538,085 

88,407 

1,300 

238,045 

704,950 

5,410 

15,586 

364,915 

31,080 

49,275 

145,550 

2,131 

24,713 

6,836 

1,255,975 



1,996,360 
353,335 
930, 730 
154,055 
278,915 
214,325 

3,435 
363, 741 

52,277 

2,697 

743,650 



3,374 
12,991 
49,974 
62,431 



^Includes milk equivalent of cream and butterfat sold, ^Does not include data for farms with less than 20 trees or grapevines. See text. 



SUMMARY FOR THE UNITED STATES 



Table 1. -FARMS AND FARM CHARACTERISTICS FOR ALL CASH-GRAIN FARMS, BY ECONOMIC CLASS: 

CENSUS OF 1954-Continued 

[Data are based on reports for only a sample of farms. Ses text. Statistics for aubregions in Table 2 ] 



(For deflnitloDfi and ejcplanatlons, see text] 



SPECIFIED CROPS HARVESTED— Continued 

Alfalfa and alfalfa mixtures cut for hay (and for 

dehydrating) acres .. . 

tons . . . 
tons sold... 

Clover, timothy, and mixtures of clover and grasses 
cut for hay acres.. . 

tons . . . 
tons sold ... 

Lespedeza cut for hay acres... 

tons . . . 
tons sold . . . 

Vetch or peas, alone or mixed with oats or other grains, 
cut for hay acres. , . 

tons ... 
tons sold . . . 

Oats, wheat, barley, rye, or other 
small grains cut for hay acres... 

tons . . . 
tons sold ... 

Wild hay cut acres .. . 

tons . . . 
tons sold 

Grass silage made from grasses, alfalfa, clover, 

or small grains acres... 

tons, green weight... 

Other hay cut acres . . . 

tons.. , 
tons sold... 

Nursery products sold dollars... 

Cut flowers, potted plants, florist greens, and 
bedding plants sold dollars . . . 

Vegetables grown under glass, flower seeds, vegetable seeds, 
vegetable plants, bulbs, and mushrooms sold dollars... 



AU 

coomercial 

fama 



25,352,943 
54,115,556 
9,475,922 



15,672,584 

22,367,533 

1,411,929 

2,813,741 

2,458,220 

135,283 



48, 309 
85,368 
9,661 



4,163,669 

4,632,385 

295,045 

12,106,511 

9,328,205 

618,625 



1,158,671 
6,759,132 

4,643,189 

4,814,116 

360,480 

138,077,412 

208, 777, 391 

57,024,834 



Econanlc class 



4,440,789 
8,129,022 
1,584,390 



2,120,691 

2,679,466 

374,304 

235,488 
227,172 
24,744 



5,354 
6,893 
1,490 



593,715 

612,326 

54, 817 

2,296,538 

1,892,923 

166,849 



65,312 
322,039 

591, 757 
573,152 
53,609 

686,045 



270,945 
684,475 



366,954 
867,081 
329,925 



124,486 

149,670 

19,367 

29, 520 

30,224 

5,701 



1,883 

1,141 

665 



90, 534 
113,850 
14,472 

89,328 

70,682 

7,275 



10,222 
55,902 

54,456 
58,676 
10,314 

26,250 



12, 500 



1,421,641 

2,754,447 

570,450 



610,113 
851,615 
123,568 

34,233 
37,309 
4,259 



1,192 

2,255 

110 



153,923 
169, 895 
16,949 

502,655 
413,333 

45,782 



31,252 
150,381 

146,208 

145,710 

13,145 

528, 575 



1,518,799 

2,681,025 

441,871 



698,589 
877,482 
117, 544 

46,444 
52,231 
4,608 



1,305 

1,832 

215 



162,639 
158,749 
11,822 

865,153 

721, 874 

59,116 



16,846 
81,811 

189,827 

132,908 

12,264 



793,948 

1,302,910 

173,494 



406,765 
483,234 

72,080 



50,382 

46,918 

5,686 



405 
665 
175 



110,936 

101, 399 

6,607 

624,354 
510,336 
39,317 



5,122 
27, 565 

127,264 
122,796 
12,023 



44,020 



278, 837 
430,768 
62,335 



217,545 

250,935 

36,805 

48,835 

40,824 

3,620 



404 
725 
255 



56,578 
51,516 
4,607 

176,371 
145,246 
13,759 



1,340 
4,825 

55,779 

48,051 

4,266 

34,000 



9,250 



60,610 
92,791 
6,315 



63,193 
66, 530 
4,940 

26,074 

19,666 

870 



165 

275 

70 



19,055 
16,917 

360 

38,677 
31,452 
1,600 



530 
1,555 

18,223 
15,011 
1,597 

16, 725 



35,225 
4,000 



SIZE OF OPERATION BY TYPE OF FARM 

Table l.-FARMS AND FARM CHARACTERISTICS FOR ALL COTTON FARMS, BY ECONOMIC CLASS: 

CENSUS OF 1954 

LData are based on reports for only a sample of farms. See text. Statistics for subreglons In Table 3l 



(For definitions and explanations, see text) 



All 

coiranercial 
farms 



Econcmic class 



FARIE, iCREACE, AND VALUE 

Faraa number. 

Percent distribution percent. 

Luid in faras acres. 

Percent distribution percent. 

Average size of farm acres. 

Value of land aad buildinga: 

Average per farm dollars. 

Average per acre dollars. 

Land in faras accordiag to uae: 

Cropland harvested farms reporting. 

acres. 

Percent distribution percent. 

Cropland used only for pasture...... farms reporting. 

acres . 
Cropland not harvested and not pastured farms reporting. 

acres . 

Woodland pastured farms reporting . 

acres. 
Woodland not pastured farms reporting. 

acres. 
Other pasture (not cropland 
and not woodland ) farms reporting. 

acres. 
Improved ( see text ) farms reporting . 

acres. 
Other land (house lots, roads, 
wasteland, etc.) farms reporting. 

acres . 
Cropland, total farms reporting. 

acres. 
Lard pastured, total farms reporting. 

acres . 
Woodland, total farms reporting. 

acres . 
Irrigated land in farms farms reporting . 

acres . 

RESIDKNCE OF FARM OPERATOR 

Residing on farm operated operators reporting. 

Not residing on farm operated operators reporting. 

Operators not reporting residence number . 

FAHie BY SIZE 

Under 10 acres number. 

10 to 29 acres number . 

30 to A9 acres number. 

50 to 69 acres number . 

70 to 99 acres number . 

100 to 139 acres number . 

MO to 179 acres number. 

180 to 219 acres number. 

220 to 259 acres number. 

260 to 499 acres number. 

500 to 999 acres number. 

1,000 acres and over number. 

FARM OPERATORS BY COLOR AND TENURE 

All fara operatora: 

Owners, part owners, and managers number. 

All tenants number. 

Croppers. .number. 

All vtiite operatora: 

Owners, part owners, and managers number. 

All tenants number . 

Croppers number . 

All noBvbite operatora: 

Owners, part owners, and managers number. 

All tenants number. 

Croppers number. 

FARU OPERATORS BY AGE 

Under 25 years operators reporting. 

25 to 34 years operators reporting . 

35 to 44 years operators reporting. 

45 to 54 years operators reporting. 

55 to 64 years operators reporting. 

65 years and over operators reporting. 

OFF-FARM WORK AND OTHER INCOME 

Fara operators — 

With other income of family exceeding value of farm 

products sold operators reporting. 

Working off their farms, by days 

worked, total operators reporting. 

None operators reporting. 

1 to 99 days operators reporting. 

100 to 199 days operators reporting. 

200 da^s or more operators reporting . 



3,327,889 

XXX 

1,032,493,352 

XXX 

310.3 

25,437 
83.07 

3,148,874 
321,586,517 

XXX 

1,4L2,539 

57,506,468 

889,841 

52,491,969 

1,057,059 

94,424,817 

919,891 

55,836,567 

1,488,954 

415,276,760 

311,862 

16,094,374 

2,982,199 

35,370,254 

3,224,297 

431,584,954 

2,602,192 

567,208,045 

1,616,252 

150,261,384 

264,488 

29,033,584 



3,055,919 

202,894 

69,076 



145,400 
351,398 
271,523 
211,758 
368,902 
391,913 

403,032 
231,719 
190,412 
451,921 
182,550 
127,361 



2,368,210 
959,679 
241,882 



2,271,292 
719,195 
95,132 



96,918 
240,484 
146,750 



72,001 
459,899 
776,985 
809,004 
668,587 
477,841 



359,188 

1,113,085 

2,155,510 

679,443 

136,920 

296,722 



525,463 
100.0 

65,353,594 
100.0 
124.4 

12,979 
111.11 

525,463 

33,094,746 

lOO.O 

L26,461 

3,688,597 

128,207 

3,738,002 

136,652 

6,616,113 

118,833 

6,497,843 

146,475 

9,603,615 

27,325 

751,366 

381,034 

2,114,678 

525,463 

40,521,345 

275,840 

19,908,325 

199,746 

13,113,956 

32,081 

5,700,529 



480,544 
27,706 
17,213 



29,104 
147,395 
83,050 
48,805 
56,590 
45,970 

33,077 
18, 3U 
12,197 
31,947 
13,120 
5,895 



2U,0O3 
311,460 
150,601 



162,627 
136,451 
42,979 

51,376 
175,009 
107,622 



17,425 
70,971 
L33,271 
142,039 
93,232 
52,672 



33,059 

170,596 

353,894 

129,069 

18,832 

22,695 



15,239 
2.9 

15,721,311 

24.1 

1,031.6 

171,142 
175.10 

15,239 

8,536,200 

25.8 

5,756 

701,240 

5,825 

956,246 

1,743 
719,049 

2,036 
770,525 

4,727 

3,522,639 

1,221 

190,538 

13,724 

515,412 

15,239 

10,193,686 

8,948 

4,942,928 

3,092 

1,489,574 

10,343 

4,293,809 



11,501 

3,442 

296 



15 

15 

65 

315 

565 

512 

773 

4,816 

4,593 

3,5TO 



10,6a 

4,595 

217 



10,567 

4,560 

207 



253 
3,040 
4,968 
4,029 
1,766 

685 



420 

2,454 
12,588 

1,363 
314 
777 



25,585 
4.9 

9,644,258 

14.8 

376.9 

49,386 
138.43 

25,585 

5,511,546 

16.7 

10,321 

561,460 

8,425 

517,115 

4,090 
653,803 

3,656 
636,396 

8,671 

1,490,004 

1,968 

133,865 

22,560 

273,934 

25,585 

6,590,121 

16,392 

2,705,267 

6,318 

1,290,199 

9,616 

1,044,709 



21,843 

3,320 

422 



5 

320 

685 

1,791 

2,601 

4,081 
2,315 

1,777 
6,940 
3,789 

1,281 



15,001 

10,584 

892 



14,608 

10,183 

757 



393 

401 
135 



633 
4,226 
7,772 
7,316 
3,760 
1,383 



1,117 

6,347 
19,058 
3,977 
757 
1,613 



47,013 
8.9 

9,249,061 
14.2 
196.7 

20,700 
103.52 

47,013 
5,063,347 
15.3 
16,588 
567,458 
13,130 
514,138 

9,755 
857,457 

8,590 
718,410 

15,242 

1,279,109 

3,231 

122,058 

37,074 

249,142 

47,013 

6,144,943 

28,788 

2,704,024 

14,833 

1,575,867 

5,108 

238,582 



42,347 
3,510 

1,156 



2,447 
6,142 
4,161 
6,435 
5,732 

5,064 
3,420 
2,985 
7,713 
2,337 
577 



21,029 

25,984 

7,773 



19,462 

19,185 

3,670 



1,567 
6,799 
4,103 



1,U1 
6,656 
14,060 
13,820 
7,348 
2,929 



2,710 

13,523 
33,381 
8,937 
1,894 
2,692 



116,163 
22.1 

11,535,883 
17.7 
99.3 

8,593 
89.56 

116,163 
6,049,421 
18.3 
29,809 
720,721 
25,175 
595,392 

26,632 
1,308,839 

23,729 
1,180,497 

31,641 

1,327,468 

6,655 

136,954 

80,943 

353,545 

116,163 

7,365,534 

59,360 

3,357,028 

39,680 

2,489,336 

3,921 

87,393 



107,085 
5,338 
3,740 



435 
30,214 
20,401 
12,862 
14,037 
12,689 

9,210 
5,198 
3,106 
6,372 
1,353 
286 



41,646 
74,517 
37,716 



34,495 
35,963 
12,253 



7,151 
38,554 
25,463 



2,964 
15,084 
34,653 
34,921 
18,135 

7,082 



7,586 

37,012 

78,900 

26,025 

5,219 

5,768 



187,228 
35.6 

11,937,422 
18.3 
63.8 

4,570 
73.54 

187,228 

5,473,080 

16.5 

37,051 

704,733 

38,665 

655,376 

47,768 
1,716,304 

43,519 
1,717,732 

47,906 

1,241,820 

8,726 

119,790 

126,004 

428,377 

187,228 

6,833,189 

87,808 

3,662,857 

69,029 

3,434,036 

2,413 

30,861 



172,999 
7,178 
7,051 



11,402 
70,506 
31,356 
17,856 
19,891 
15,358 

8,852 
4,398 
2,356 
4,376 
738 
139 



63,675 
123, 553 
70,492 



47,640 
44,332 
17,757 

16,035 
79,221 
52,735 



7,373 
27,306 
48,097 
50,485 
31,986 
15,642 



21,226 

69,099 
118,103 
46,606 
10,648 
11,845 



SUMMARY FOR THE UNITED STATES 



Table l.-FARMS AND FARM CHARACTERISTICS FOR ALL COTTON FARMS, BY ECONOMIC CLASS: 

CENSUS OF 1954-Conlinued 

[Data are based on reports for only a sample of farms. See text. Statistics for subreglons in Table 3 J 



(For definitions and explanations, see text) 



All 

commercial 

farms 



Economic class 



FtSmE BY CLASS OF WORK POKER 

No tractor, horses, or mules farms reporting.. 

No tractor and only 1 horse or mule farms reporting.. 

No tractor and 2 or more horses and/or mules farms reporting.. 

Tractor and horses and/or mules farms reporting.. 

Tractor and no horses or mules farms reporting . . 

SPECIFIED FACILITIES AM) EQUIPMENT 

Telephone farms reporting . . 

Electricity farms reporting. . 

Television set farms reporting . . 

Piped running water farms reporting. . 

Home freezer farms reporting. . 

Electric pig brooder farms reporting.. 

Power feed grinder farms reporting. . 

Ui lying machine farms reporting. . 

Cirain combines farms reporting.. 

number . . 
Com pickers farms reporting. . 

number . . 
Pick-up hay balers farms reporting. . 

number . . 
Field forage harvesters farms reporting.. 

number . . 
Motortrucks farms reporting. . 

number . . 
Tractors farms reporting. . 

number . . 
Wheel tractors other than garden farms reporting. . 

number . . 
Garden tractors farms reporting. . 

number . . 
Crawler tractors farms reporting.. 

number . . 
Automobiles farms reporting. . 

number . . 
FARM LABOR 

Week of Sept. 26-Oct. 2 aod/or Oct. 24-30: 

Fami ly and/ or hired workers farms reporting . . 

persons . . 

Family workers, including operator farms reporting.. 

Operators working 1 hour or more persons . . 

1 to JA hours persons . . 

15 hours or more persons . . 

Unpaid members of operator's family farms reporting.. 

persons . . 

Hired workers farms reporting . . 

persons. . 
Regular workers (to be employed 

150 days or more) farms reporting.. 

persons . . 
Seasonal workers (to be employed 

less than 150 days ) farms reporting . . 

persons . . 
SPECIFIED FARM EXPENDITURES 

Specified farm expenditures^ farms reporting. . 

Machine hire and/or hired labor farms reporting. . 

Machine hire farms reporting . . 

dollars . . 

Hired labor farms reporting . . 

dollars. . 

^1 to $499 farms reporting.. 

$1 to $99 farms reporting,. 

$100 to $199 farms reporting.. 

$200 to $499 farms reporting.. 

$500 to $999 farms reporting. . 

$1,000 to $2,499 farms reporting. . 

$2,500 to $4,999 farms reporting.. 

$5,000 and over farms reporting.. 

Feed for livestock and poultry farms reporting. . 

dollars . . 

Gasoline and other petroleum fuel and oil farms reporting.. 

dollars . . 
Commercial fertilizer and 

fertilizing material farms reporting. . 

dollars . . 

tons. . 

acres on which used.. 

Lime and liming material farms reporting.. 

dollars . . 

tons. . 

acres on which used.. 

LIVESTOCK AND LIVESTOCK PRODUCIB 
Liveatock on hand: 

Horses and mules forms reporting. . 

nujEber . . 

All cattle and calves... farms reporting.. 

number . . 
Cows, including heifers that have calved ... .farms reporting.. 

number . . 

Milk cows farms reporting. . 

number. . 

All hogs and pigs farms reporting.. 

number. . 

Bom before June 1 number.. 

Chickens 4 months old and over farms reporting.. 

number.. 
Sheep , total ,,,,,,,......,.............,....... farms reporting . . 

number. . 
Number 1 year and over: 

Ewes. ,,,,,,,,,.......................,,...,...... .number. . 

Rams and wethers ..'. number . . 



496,839 
135,364 
330,922 
858,118 
1,506,646 



1,745,567 

3,120,327 

1,204,223 

2,023,700 

1,189,542 

109,332 

668,851 

686.327 

896,010 

950,341 

662,654 

674,182 

426,979 

431,944 

193,503 

197,628 

1,773,239 

2,223,443 

2,398,698 

4,127,764 

2,340,870 

3,750,K5 

223,851 

233,562 

115,662 

144,077 

2,479,206 

3,199,713 



3,129,241 
7,936,196 
3,084,012 
3,029,184 

496,571 
2,532,613 
1,421,260 
2,291,735 

697,337 
2,615,277 

323,208 
670,934 

458,384 
1,944,343 



3,308,888 

2,690,305 

2,073,506 

602,982,131 

1,944,892 

2,214,180,127 

1,285,814 

529,493 

330,778 

425,543 

236,747 

242,875 

99,170 

80,286 

2,551,473 
3,681,510,455 

2,666,693 
1,312,642,381 

2,294,541 

1,023,734,322 

17,765,047 

U6, 120,634 

450,834 

64,967,578 

16,208,244 

9,762,231 



1,324,404 

3,262,489 

2,626,959 
88,843,964 

2,529,921 
41,969,236 

2,166,476 
18,663,736 

1,792,467 
54,963,546 
27,718,057 

2,406,330 

340,361,825 

303,556 

30,176,438 

18,222,016 
1,087,822 



154,072 
37,845 

115,177 
83,418 

134,951 



70,865 

455,875 

95,724 

158,605 

85,765 

2,553 

23,318 

3,953 

35,673 

39,771 

8,929 

9,272 

11,274 

11,718 

3,603 

4,006 

197,435 

230,738 

219,847 

352,874 

217,955 

341,556 

3,357 

3,729 

5,309 

7,589 

244,752 

295,202 



485,048 

1,787,069 

479,488 

471,019 

68,020 
402,999 
246,519 
502,784 

96,981 
813,266 



23,865 
77,052 



83,605 
736,214 



518,780 

448,489 

338,151 

126,046,080 

320,619 

371,269,202 

219,025 

93,251 

54,628 

71,146 

38,170 

33,936 

14,874 

14,614 

271,326 

55,497,066 

284,457 

133,151,896 

433, OU 

147,034,005 

2,595,021 

16,091,274 

11,652 

1,541,466 

295,054 

284,181 



236,440 
521,886 
338,540 

3,789,096 
329,825 

1,984,016 
277,298 
701,484 
307,854 

2,032,728 

1,029,478 

398,892 

13,766,009 

5,074 

326,432 

168, 98' 
17,143 



258 

25 

39 

5,652 

9,265 



10,175 

14,799 

10,600 

14,114 

9,572 

285 

3,994 

545 

7,061 

9,405 

1,552 

1,792 

3,289 

3,589 

1,243 

1,502 

U,423 

32,183 

U,932 

71,346 

14,893 

65,443 

444 

598 

3,277 

5,305 

U,120 

39,951 



14,849 

277,826 

13,683 

13,537 

1,345 

12,192 

3,095 

4,825 

12,602 

259,464 

9,922 
50,485 

7,521 
208,979 



15,209 

15,152 

12,655 

53,791,684 

15,087 

198,542,027 

201 

7 

28 

166 

306 

1,373 

2,417 

10,790 

7,667 

12,141,820 

14,974 

52,020,670 

10,419 

40,585,698 

521,806 

3,704,171 

691 

441,963 

87,783 

73,300 



5,716 

28,956 

9,265 

787,716 

8,584 

359,636 

5,359 

34,505 

4,270 

123,934 

60,101 

6,654 

421,736 

696 

199,587 



97,627 
8,224 



881 

52 

157 

7,205 

17,290 



11,763 

24,838 

13,885 

21,140 

13,028 

446 

5,056 

842 

9,254 

10,074 

2,026 

2,075 

2,339 

2,396 

753 

801 

21,755 

28,243 

24,538 

56,413 

24,459 

54,995 

390 

456 

815 

962 

21,432 

29,380 



24,254 
180,404 
23,219 
22,882 
2,712 
20,170 
7,377 
13,026 
14,198 
144,496 

6,619 
14,685 

10,571 
129,811 



25,513 

25,101 

20,413 

22,158,995 

24,433 

69,110,490 

2,131 

246 

306 

1,579 

2,137 

7,607 

9,047 

3,511 

15,546 

7,701,029 

24,817 

26,948,952 

14,683 

14,442,317 

256,020 

1,593,083 

972 

258,162 

55,255 

52,192 



7,414 
23,577 
17,656 

503,570 
17,001 

269,112 
12,325 
39,770 
10,398 

156,790 

73,024 

16,602 

1,025,316 

894 

54,437 

29,778 
2,025 



6,611 
401 

2,573 
12,010 
25,418 



12,101 

45,228 

16,721 

26,694 

L4,900 

431 

5,006 

759 

8,068 

8,471 

2,198 

2,240 

2,071 

2,108 

560 

585 

30,472 

33,989 

37,605 

58,661 

37,367 

57,572 

530 

587 

462 

502 

30,868 

35 J 699 



44,559 

236,372 

43,599 

42,873 

4,761 

38,U2 

21,091 

53,147 

17,489 

140,352 

3,887 
6,960 

15,168 
133,392 



46,855 

44,586 

34,030 

15,583,508 

40,237 

45.271,774 

11,104 

1,662 

2,435 

7,007 

8,625 

17,249 

3,004 

255 

27,499 

8,494,778 

39,985 

19,343,671 

32,572 

16,191,243 

301,394 

1,914,989 

1,774 

263,565 



51,975 
45,740 



14,984 
37,901 
32,665 

528,642 
31,883 

282,308 
25,324 
69,192 
24,839 

277,453 

129,765 

35,720 

1,772,947 

1,064 

33,885 

21,1A8 
1,864 



34,781 
2,753 
17,992 
23,132 
37,505 



15,279 

106,827 

21,904 

37,525 

20,556 

498 

5,040 

781 

6,3U 

6,549 

2,016 

2,018 

1,809 

1,839 

518 

559 

48,146 

50,947 

61,033 

74,672 

60,504 

73,462 

770 

805 

371 

405 

59,060 

64.231 



109,158 

406,015 

108,153 

106,121 

12,400 

93,721 

63,596 

152,651 

24,537 

U7,243 

2,290 
3,429 

23,038 
143,814 



115,091 

103,995 

76,063 

16,553,900 

81,427 

34,547,213 

53,427 

13,403 

13,281 

26,743 

20,900 

6,725 

323 

52 

59,876 
10,928,462 

74,984 
18,617,944 

93,552 

28,611,736 

562,406 

3,333,710 

3,294 

289,334 

52,820 

56,002 



43,877 
101,398 

75,889 
740,870 

74,215 
401,070 

63,087 
168,327 

70,529 
559,298 
277,356 

91,599 

3,522,772 

1,188 

21,219 

11,367 

3,133 



71,016 
10,162 
46,472 
25,391 
34,187 



14,623 

161,724 

22,904 

39,945 

19,522 

593 

3,330 

690 

3,962 

4,190 

932 

942 

1,468 

1,488 

369 

384 

54,212 

56,371 

60,145 

68,245 

59,458 

66,978 

883 

938 

298 

329 

78,126 

83,261 



172,751 
456,346 
171,693 
168,460 

23,984 
144,476 

97,963 
191,323 

21,076 

96,563 

994 
1,251 

20,366 
95,312 



184,687 

157,835 

117,585 

13,476,713 

103,869 

19,225,810 

97,106 

38,643 

27,084 

31,379 

5,815 

880 

63 

5 

88,944 
10,267,655 

87,777 
12,670,057 

163,122 

32,435,003 

640,393 

3,736,432 

3,410 

220,577 

35,101 

41,562 



82,025 
176,251 
115,117 
792,932 
112,635 
434,388 

97,693 
235,053 
114,556 
602,440 
315,977 
143,574 
4,376,159 
919 

13,327 

7,699 

1,647 



40,525 
24,452 
47,944 
10,028 
11,286 



6,924 

102,459 

9,710 

19,187 

8,187 

300 

892 

336 

1,017 

1,082 

205 

205 

298 

298 

160 

175 

28,427 

29,005 

21,594 

23,537 

21,274 

23,106 

340 

345 



41,146 
42,680 



119,477 

230,106 

119,141 

117,146 

22,818 

94,328 

53,397 

37,812 

7,079 

25,148 

153 

242 

6,941 
24,906 



131,425 

101,820 

77,405 

4,481,280 

55,566 

4,571,888 

55,056 

39,290 

11,494 

4,272 

387 

102 

20 

1 

71,794 
5,963,322 

41,920 
3,550,602 

118,663 

14,768,008 

313,002 

1,808,889 

1,512 

67,865 

12,120 

15,385 



82,424 
153,803 

37,948 
435,366 

85,507 
237,502 

73,510 
154,637 

83,262 
312,813 
173,255 
104,743 
,647,079 
313 
3,977 

1,368 
250 



'Excludes farms reporting expenditures for commercial fertilizer and lime. 



8 



SIZE OF OPERATION BY TYPE OF FARM 



Table l.-FARMS AND FARM CHARACTERISTICS FOR ALL COTTON FARMS, BY ECONOMIC CLASS: 

CENSUS OF 1954-Conlinued 

[Data are based on reports for only a Bangle of farms. See text. Statistics for subregions in Table 3 ] 



(For definitions and explanations, see text) 



All 
Dnercl 
fams 



Econanlc class 



Livestock and livestock products sold: 

Cattle and calves sold alive farms reporting. . . 

number . . . 
dollars . . . 

Hogs and pigs sold alive farms reporting. . . 

number . . . 
dollars . . . 

Chickens sold farms reporting. . . 

dollars 

Chicken eggs sold farms reporting... 

dozens . . . 
dollars. . . 

Milk sold^ pounds. . . 

dollars . . . 

Sheep sold.. farms reporting... 

number . . . 
dollars. . . 

ESTIMAIED VALUE OF FAHM PRODUCTS SOU) (see text) 
All farm products sold dollars. . . 

All crops sold dollars. . . 

Field crops, other than vegetables and fruits 

and nuts, sold dollars... 

Vegetables sold dollars . . . 

Fruits and nuts sold dollars. . . 

Horticultural specialties sold dollars. . . 

Al/1 livestock and livestock products sold dollars . . . 

Dairy products sold dollars... 

Poultry and poultry products sold dollars . . . 

Livestock and livestock products, other than 
dairy and poultry, sold dollars . . . 

Forest products sold dollars. . . 

SPECIFIED CROPS HARVESTED 

Com for all purposes farms reporting... 

acres. . . 

Com harvested for grain farms reporting . . . 

acres. . . 

bushels harvested . . . 

bushels sold... 

Sorghum for all purposes except sirup farms reporting... 

acres. . . 
Sorghum harvested for grain or seed bushels sold... 

Wheat threshed or combined acres .. . 

bushels harvested... 
bushels sold . . . 

Oats threshed or combined acres . . . 

bushels harvested... 
bushels sold . . . 

Barley threshed or combined farms reporting . . . 

acres. . . 

bushels harvested... 

bushels sold . . . 

Soybeans harvested for beans bushels. . . 

Soybeans cut for hay tons . . . 

Conpeas harvested for peas bushels. . . 

Cowpeas cut for hay tons... 

Peanuts harvested for picking or threshing pounds . . . 

Peanut vines or tops saved for hay or forage tons.. 

Velvetbeans harvested for beans bushels.. 

Lespedeza seed harvested pounds . . 

Cotton harvested farms reporting . . 

acres . . 

bales harvested.. 

Tobacco harvested pounds. . 

Tobacco harvested ( type not specified ) pounds . . 

Burley tobacco harvested pounds. . 

Dark-fired tobacco harvested pounds. . 

Dark air-cured tobacco harvested pounds. . 

Flue-cured tobacco harvested pounds . . 

Sugarcane or sorghum harvested for sirup gallons.. 

Irish potatoes harvested for home use or 
for sale bushels. . 

Sweetpotatoes harvested for home use or 
for sale bushels. . 

Vegetables harvested for sale farms reporting.. 

dollars . . 

Land in bearing and nonbearing fruit orchards, groves, 

vineyards, and planted nut trees^ farms reporting., 

acres , . 

Apples^ bushels harvested. . 

Peaches^ bushels harvested. . 



2,168,490 

42,590,662 

4,219,053,073 

1,255,555 

56,641,238 

2,289,760,716 

921,435 
696,321,848 

1,391,630 

2,663,617,211 

922,141,662 

93,710,976,980 
3,330,025,237 

259,762 

22,425,250 

330,536,753 



24,298 
11.955, 

9,735 
628, 

1,186, 
403, 

12,223, 

3,330, 
1,907, 

5,985 

120, 



622,950 

045,301 

818,610 
498,349 
848,705 
879,637 

361,628 
025,237 
376,647 

,959,744 

,216,021 



2,300,261 

74,377,194 

2,046,377 

63,394,112 

2,547,823,454 

992,119,020 

329,899 

17,112,709 
175,980,777 

50,582,348 
900,761,498 
800,412,820 

37,312,820 

1,301,894,795 

344,163,274 

308,436 

12,440,079 

352,824,132 

235,606,108 

322,324,503 
737,530 
979,625 
117,769 

851,977,545 

593,574 

66,226 

40,093,099 

731,802 

17,963,656 

12,516,285 

1,822,282,985 

427,597,922 

432,733,314 

46,103,715 

22,877,855 

861,260,424 

2,125,041 



228,909 
628,498,349 



288,709 
3,610,183 



107,019,140 
55,106,900 



149,920 

1,207,822 

77,175,338 

106,584 

1,066,674 

28,191,394 

31,585 
1,881,027 

84,431 

24,859,591 

8,845,937 

471,115,454 
16,117,935 

2,654 

185,924 

2,438,250 



2,607,327,223 

2,466,526,367 

2,430,266,708 

26,957,864 

8,883,537 

418,258 

137,381,620 
16,117,935 
11,854,457 

109,409,228 

3,419,236 



387,375 

6,037,842 

367,543 

5,516,949 

75,128,771 

20,588,102 

76,897 
4,670,869 
71,136,911 

677,448 
8,338,473 
6,778,938 

779,538 
25,494,188 
12,336,636 

5,954 

719,419 

35,924,597 

31,247,156 

17,627,133 

149,748 

496,785 

43,702 

111,769,999 

135,730 

26,889 

2,279,045 

525,463 

14,915,164 

10,748,713 

27,785, U5 

16,202,515 

371,890 

115,375 

33,680 

11,061,685 



771,307 



39,417 
26,957,864 



20,613 
123,242 



188, 513 
540,835 



6,647 

350,823 

32,491,134 

2,796 

102,302 

3,506,667 

930 
284,828 

1,783 

1,675,795 

646,946 

126,793,887 
5,442,081 

525 
122, 524 

1,690,790 



1,062,822,374 

1,017,377,767 

995,986,061 

15,848,848 

5,199,855 

343,003 

44,891,513 
5,442,081 
1,086,406 

38,363,026 

553,094 



4,816 

339,715 

4,322 

283,806 

6,683,450 

3,5X,136 

8,054 

1,739,747 

44,655,664 

216, 562 

3,127,270 
2,966,425 

260,396 
10,509,864 
6,694,623 

2,411 

656,273 

34,249,138 

30,0U,620 

7,482,603 

35,342 

199, OU 

3,069 

3,240,217 

2,587 

265 

813,925 

15,239 

3,720,163 

4,131,041 

711,200 

503,600 



207,600 
15,177 



1,436 
15,848,848 



1,456 
49,183 



6,066 
245,433 



11, 190 

185,519 

12,214,548 

6,125 

1W,829 

3,717,150 

2,586 
399, 587 

5,616 
3,627,250 
1,347,491 

60,876,931 
2,270,191 

525 

30,881 
358,158 



394,759,470 

373,824,051 

369,134,269 
3,115,950 
1,532,232 

41,600 

20,623,234 
2,270,191 
1,362,206 

16,495,837 

307, 185 



11,498 

457,398 

10,4U 

400,778 

6,690,147 

2,792,990 

U,444 

1,329,927 

13,693,337 

142,280 
1,599,310 
1,447,991 

143,694 
4,328,572 
2,433,579 

1,083 

34,942 

1,111,953 

945,393 

4,654,893 
21, 519 
30,181 
3,055 

12,891,762 

10,152 

1,114 

532,055 

25,585 

2,473,790 

1,617,739 

1,360,230 

972,420 



387,810 
14,084 



94,001 



2,137 
3,115,950 



1,842 
22,348 



12,728 
87,219 



18,746 

182,944 

10,652,310 

12,873 

182,051 

5,370,079 

4,744 
355,116 

10,777 
4,8U,920 
1,559,211 

51,253,842 

1,664,804 

597 
18,162 
219,109 



319,100,602 

298,345,311 

295,457,965 

2,150,206 

731,000 

7,140 

20,329,558 
1,554,304 
2,229,231 

16,435,533 

424,723 



30,332 

733,975 

28,458 

706,220 

11,209,344 

3,957,945 

13,445 

781,839 

5,233,307 

125,431 

1,324,713 
1,131,041 

120,945 
3,511,300 
1,512,141 

678 

13,149 

315,529 

219,553 

3,374,114 

20,017 

35,905 

6,931 

23,294,658 

16,232 

3,805 

521, 550 

47,013 

2,370,369 

1,337,484 

7,220,300 

3,478,585 

15,000 



3,726,715 
54,746 



655,156 



3,860 
2,150,206 



35,351 

220,714 

10,802,206 

29,284 

295,376 

7,847,515 

8,256 
374,176 

21,078 
6,825,431 
2,361,499 

103,110,211 
3,060,228 

524 

9,003 

110,193 



397,064,997 

371,254,778 

368,119,844 

2,501,008 

619,176 

14,750 

25,042,411 
3,050,223 
3,019,573 

18,962,510 

767, 808 



86,663 
1,565,713 

82,728 
1,431,403 
19,584,514 
5,602,643 

16,779 

510,182 

2,039,577 

103,129 

1,134,661 

807,320 

110,803 

3,323,058 

914,257 

662 

•8,980 

145,810 

43,642 

1,628,624 
33,185 
63,329 
11,844 

37,521,477 

62,393 

3,420 

236,840 

116,163 

2,365,102 

1,704,252 

11,370,355 

6,475,575 

129,390 

53,775 

3,500 

4,693,015 

194,003 



3,945 
2,501,008 



2,469 
13,035 



19,095 
44,505 



4,573 
17,300 



54,608 
49,393 



47.272 

189,667 

8,215,975 

36,364 

267,508 

5,958,227 

9,573 
312,323 

27,832 
5,876,239 
2,092,932 

97,585,540 
2,818,723 

405 
4,820 
53,925 



330,385,068 

309,565,734 

306,675,927 

2,434,737 

444,945 

9,125 

19,942,371 
2,818,723 

2,670,571 

L4,453,077 
876,953 



143,700 
1,346,420 

137,260 

1,712,324 

20,350,611 

3,832,300 

16,069 
246,739 
490,551 

61,891 
805,209 
356,011 

99,807 

2,426,970 

595,225 

720 
4,430 
73,247 
21,598 

436,454 
28,230 
91,287 
11,877 

27,034,105 

23,419 

12,380 

U8,005 

137,228 

2,514,708 

1,455,310 

5,543,310 

3,828,760 

125,480 

36,250 

5,520 

1,546,800 

305,524 



2,002,335 



U,931 
2,434,737 



5,960 
13,412 



59,558 
72,444 



^Includes milk equivalent of cream and butterfat sold. 



^es not include data for farms with less than 20 trees or grapevines. See text. 



SUMMARY FOR THE UNITED STATES 



Table 1. -FARMS AND FARM CHARACTERISTICS FOR ALL COTTON FARMS, BY ECONOMIC CLASS: 

CENSUS OF 1954-Continued 

[Data are based on reports for only a sample of farms. See text. Statistics for sjbregions in Table 3 \ 



Item 
(For definitions and explanations, see text) 



All 

ccxnmercial 

fauna 



Econcnic class 



SPECIFIED CROPS HARVESTED— Continued 

Alfalfa and alfalfa mixtures cut for hay ( and for 

dehydrating ) - acres . 

tons, 
tons sold. 

Clover, timothy, and mixtures of clover and grasses 

cut for hay acres. 

tons, 
tons sold . 

Lespedeza cut for hay acres. 

tons, 
tons sold. 

Vetch or peas, alone or mixed with oats or other grains, 

cut for hay acres. 

tons, 
tons sold . 

Oats, wheat, barley, rye, or other small grains 

cut for hay acres. 

tons, 
tons sold. 

Wild hay cut acres. 

tons, 
tons sold . 

Grass silage made from grasses, alfalfa, clover, 

or small grains acres . 

tons, green weight. 

Other hay cut acres. 

tons, 
tons sold . 

Nursery products sold dollars . 

Cut flowers, potted plants, florist greens, and 
bedding plants sold dollars. 

Vegetables grown under glass, flower seeds, vegetable seeds, 
vegetable plants, bulbs, and mushrooms sold dollars. 

Farms reporting by acres of cotton harvested; 

Under 3 acres farms reporting. 

5 to 9 acres farms reporting. 

10 to 2A acres farms reporting. 

25 to 49 acres farms reporting . 

50 to 99 acres farms reporting . 

100 to 199 acres farms reporting , 

200 acres and over farms reporting. 

NA Not available. 



25,352,943 
54,115,556 
9,475,922 



15,672,584 

22,367,533 

1,411,929 

2,813,741 

2,453,220 

135,283 



48,309 
35,368 
9,661 



4,163,669 

4,632,385 

295,045 

12,106,511 

9,328,205 

618,625 



1,158,671 
6,759,132 

4,643,139 

4,814,116 

360,430 

138,077,412 



208,777,391 



(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 



577, 171 
1,921,441 
1,254,739 



72,694 
79,280 

18,706 

400,144 

312,211 

13,839 



289,458 
249,633 
28,725 



53,572 
42,129 

3,414 



196 
528 

364,912 
315,867 
31,843 



191,568 



34,146 
142,612 
219,299 
65,564 
35,370 
19,173 
9,294 



385,680 
1,478,487 
1,030,408 



17,782 
27,784 
8,928 

46,574 

42,533 

2,395 



36,813 
49,341 
18,390 

4,743 

4,877 

614 



63,531 
73,413 
11,339 



102,337 
295,879 
171,254 



11,047 
14,000 
1,420 

38,436 

32,295 

2,900 



31,520 
30,132 
2,137 

3,711 

2,712 

486 



50,085 

46, 590 

4,341 



203 
2,013 
6,481 
6,542 



5 

387 

5,096 

11,525 

6,335 

2,237 



49,937 
93,025 
40,234 



10,487 

9,824 

526 

55,418 

46,901 

2,493 



43,517 

37,058 

2,322 

9,054 

7,422 

933 



61,678 
52, 160 
6,017 



7,140 



25 

W2 
9,464 
21,742 
10,452 
4,727 
461 



25,678 

37,466 

9,233 



13,485 

U,300 

655 

94,117 
71,681 
3,600 



63,137 

47,891 

2,554 

12,109 
9,340 

761 



80,602 

64,368 

5,910 

1,000 



2,250 
11,500 



156 

5,569 

74,299 

26,097 

8,602 

1,392 

48 



10,729 

13,744 

3,575 



13,607 

10,065 

540 

110,883 

31,505 

1,805 



71,748 
54,597 
2,355 

14, 590 

10,623 

435 



60 
40 

67,578 
51, 170 
3,255 



2,297 

61,433 

109,709 

10,994 

2,548 

241 

6 



2,760 

2,840 

85 



6,286 
4,307 
6,537 

54,711 

37,196 

545 



42,723 

30,664 

467 

9,365 

7,155 

185 



13Q 
470 

41,438 

23,151 
481 



31,668 

75,463 

25,440 

1,432 

230 

2 



10 SIZE OF OPERATION BY TYPE OF FARM 

Table 1 -FARMS AND FARM CHARACTERISTICS FOR ALL OTHER FIELD-CROP FARMS, BY ECONOMIC CLASS: CENSUS OF 1954 



[Data are based on reports for only a sample of farms. See text. Statistics for aubreglons in Table 4l 



(For definitions and explanations, see text) 



All 

comnercial 

farms 



Economic class 



FARIC, ACREAGE, AHD VALDE 

Faraa number. 

Percent distrlliutlon percent. 

Laail in faraa acres. 

Percent distribution percent. 

Average size of farm acres. 

Value of land and boiidinga: 

Average per farm dollars. 

Average per acre dollars . 

Ljud ID faras according to nae: 

Cropland harvested farms reporting. 

acres. 

Percent distribution percent. 

Cropland xised onl^ for pasture..... farms reporting. 

acres . 

Cropland not harvested and not pastured farms reporting. 

acres. 

Woodland pastured farms reporting. 

acres. 
Woodland not pastured farms reporting. 

acres. 
Other pasture (not cropland 
and not woodland ) farms reporting. 

acres, 
lo^roved (see text),v farms reporting. 

acres . 
Other land (house lots, roads, 
wasteland, etc.) farms reporting. 

acres . 
Cropland, total farms reporting. 

acres . 
Land pastured, total farms reporting. 

acres . 
Woodland, total farms reporting. 

acres . 
Irrigated land in farms farms reporting. 

acres . 



HESIDENCE OF FAKU OPERATOR 

Residing on farm operated operators reporting. 

Not residing on farm operated operators reporting. 

Operators not reporting residence number. 

FABIE BY SIZE 

Ifcder 10 acres number . 

10 to 29 acres number. 

30 to <V9 acres number . 

50 to 69 acres number. 

70 to 99 acres number. 

100 to 1J9 acres number. 

KO to 179 acres number. 

180 to 219 acres number. 

220 to 259 acres number. 

260 to <;99 acres .^ number . 

500 to 999 acres number. 

1,000 acres and over number. 

FARM OPERATORS BY COLOR AND TENURE 

All farn operators: 

Owners, part owners, and managers number. 

All tenants number. 

Croppers number. 

All white opcratora: 

Owners , part owners, and managers number . 

All tenants number . 

Croppers.. ...■...............•...•..>........... .>• .number. 

All nonvliite operators: 

Owners, part owners, and managers number. 

All tenants number . 

Croppers... ..............................*.■...... ..number. 

FARll OPBUTOBS BY AGE 

Under 25 years operators reporting. 

25 to 34 years operators reporting . 

35 to 44 years operators reporting. 

45 to 54 years operators reporting. 

55 to 64 years operators reporting. 

65 years and over operators reporting. 

OFF-FARU WORK AND OTHER INCOME 

Farn operatora-.- 

With other income of family exceeding value of farm 

products sold operators reporting. 

Working off their farms, by days 

worked, total operators reporting. 

None operators report ing . 

1 to 99 days operators reporting. 

100 to 199 days operators reporting . 

200 days or more operators reporting. 



3,327,889 

XXX 

1,032,493,352 

XXX 

310.3 

25,437 
83.07 

3,143,874 
321,586,517 

XXX 

1,412,539 

57,506,468 

889, 841 

52,491,969 

1,057,059 

94,424,817 

919,891 

55,836,567 

1,488,954 

415,276,760 

311,862 

16,094,374 

2,982,199 

35,370,254 

3,224,297 

431,584,954 

2,602,192 

567,208,045 

1,616,252 

150,261,384 

264,488 

29,033,584 



3,055,919 

202,894 

69, 076 



145,400 
351,398 
271,523 
211,758 
368,902 
391,913 
403,032 
231,719 
190,412 
451,921 
182,550 
127,361 



2,368,210 
959,679 
241,882 



2,271,292 
719,195 
95, U2 



96,918 
240,484 
146,750 



72,001 
459,899 
776,985 
809,004 
668,587 
477,841 



359,188 

1,113,085 

2,155,510 

679,443 

136,920 

296,722 



367,733 

100.0 

33,684,764 
100.0 
91.6 

10,440 
117.98 

366,452 

12,233,479 

100.0 

141,901 

3,401,824 

104,449 

1,957,718 

106,547 
3,097,981 

168,233 
8,348,517 

98,327 

3,071,223 

30,713 

417,745 

305,218 

1,574,022 

367,383 

17,593,021 

226,808 

9,571,028 

215,533 

11,446,498 

17,300 

1,600,807 



336,793 

18,486 
LJ,454 



31,721 

85,211 

58,336 

44,443 

45,833 

39,219 

22,681 

12,653 

7,291 

14,809 

4,091 

1,445 



208,528 
159,205 

78,240 



183,434 
103,115 
42,143 



25,094 
56,090 
36,097 



13,980 
59,703 
94,764 
86,459 
61,396 
41,565 



23,996 

109, 148 

257,167 

78,141 

13,252 

17,755 



5,585 
1.5 

3,728,083 

11.1 

667.5 

109,421 
180.60 

5,555 

1,340,008 

15.0 

1,860 

165,053 

2,397 

292,535 

762 

152,382 

1,752 

531,509 

1,529 

467,916 

617 

53,330 

5,063 
278,175 

5,585 
2,297,601 

3,065 
785,856 

2,247 
684,391 

2,903 
698,739 



4,502 

983 

95 



60 
120 
115 
225 
347 
530 
420 
379 
1,434 
1,193 
757 



4,514 

1,071 

39 



,325 
968 
34 



189 

103 

5 



68 

925 

1,753 

1,399 

866 

432 



173 

1,122 

4,338 

685 

157 
280 



15,414 
4.2 

3,646,081 

10.8 

236.5 

34,934 
153.53 

15,414 

1,754,779 

14.3 

7,299 

276,122 

5,112 

195,289 

3,508 
240,660 

5,793 
591,650 

4,880 

405,716 

2,001 

62,097 

14,172 

181,865 

15,414 

2,226,190 

10,883 

922,498 

7,339 

832,310 

5,334 

540,813 



14,015 

1,083 

316 



40 

325 

820 

905 

2,011 

2,095 

2,350 

1,482 

1,167 

2,974 

947 

298 



10,480 

4,934 

920 



10,241 

4,384 

650 



239 

550 
270 



258 
2,940 
4,824 
3,656 
2,284 
1,172 



447 

4,034 

11,222 

2,939 

534 

561 



47,706 
13.0 

5,909,386 
17.5 
123.9 

16,071 
134.99 

47,706 

2,399,301 

19.6 

19,837 

594,151 

12,817 

277,604 

13,019 

504,256 

20,909 

1,394,686 

12,871 

509,204 

5,414 

84,810 

41,022 

230,684 

47,706 

3,271,056 

30,632 

1,607,611 

26,199 

1,393,942 

4,561 

260,577 



44,414 
1,822 
1,470 



730 
5,545 
3,445 
6,270 
6,900 
6,340 
4,475 
2,545 
1,875 
3,568 
823 
190 



22,635 
25,021 
10,852 



21,142 
17,146 
5,696 



1,543 
7,875 
5,156 



1,108 
7,854 
15,451 
12,936 
6,54i 
2,700 



1,638 

12,521 

34,959 

9,602 

1,251 

1,668 



114,222 
31.1 

9,021,473 
26.8 

79.0 

8,788 
114.15 

114,222 

3,279,310 

26.8 

40,652 

940,697 

29, 626 

451,990 

31,298 

851,234 

51,350 

2,493,022 

27,284 
656, 945 

10,327 
107,201 

93,911 

348,275 

114,222 

4,671,997 

64,718 

2,448,876 

54,130 

3,344,256 

2,877 

77,395 



105,844 
4,566 
3,812 



4,716 

32,425 

19,415 

13,600 

13,690 

12,921 

6,975 

3,906 

2,115 

3,653 

678 

123 



52,087 
62,135 
32,060 



45,741 
37,534 
15,699 



6,346 
24,551 
16,361 



4,211 
21,461 
34,159 
27,977 
15,974 

7,510 



6,090 

32,606 
81,497 
23,765 
4,027 
4,814 



117,121 

31.8 

7,693,072 
22.8 
65.7 

5,727 
83.76 

117,050 

2,192,797 

17.9 

44,306 

943,062 

34,157 

471,053 

35,818 

863,759 

54,998 

2,230,648 

31,034 

639,021 

8,912 

78,772 

95,192 

352,732 

117, 101 

3,606,912 

70,828 

2,445,842 

71,001 

3,094,407 

1,303 

20,356 



106,401 
6,413 
4,307 



13,335 

31,341 

17,311 

14,382 

14,947 

12,211 

5,891 

3,125 

1,365 

2,335 

315 

63 



68,577 
48,544 
25,727 



58,765 
30,728 
14,577 



9,812 
17,816 

11,150 



5,415 
19,738 
28,039 
26,708 
20,489 
13,262 



15,648 

41,922 
74,904 
24,207 
7,283 
10,432 



SUMMARY FOR THE UNITED STATES 



11 



Table 1. -FARMS AND FARM CHARACTERISTICS FOR ALL OTHER FIELD-CROP FARMS, BY ECONOMIC CLASS: 

CENSUS OF 1954-Conlinued 



(bata 



are baaed on reports for only a sample of farms. See text. Statistics for subregions in Table -i] 



(For defijiitlons and explanations, see text) 



All 

commercial 

farms 



Economic class 



FASDE BY CLASS OF WORK POWER 

No tractor, horses, or mules farms reporting. 

No tractor and only 1 horse or mule farms reporting. 

No tractor and 2 or more horses and/or mules farms reporting. 

Tractor and horses and/or mules farms reporting. 

Tractor and no horses or mules farms reporting. 

SPECIFIED FACILITIES AND EQUIPMENT 

Telephone farms reporting. 

Electricity farms reporting. 

Television set forms reporting. 

Piped runnijog water. ... I farms reporting. 

Home freezer farms reporting . 

Electric pig brooder farms reporting. 

Power feed grinder farms reporting . 

Milking machine farms reporting . 

Grain combines farms reporting. 

number . 
Com pickers farms reporting. 

number . 
Pick-up hay balers farms reporting . 

number . 
Field forage harvesters farms reporting. 

number . 
Motortrucks farms reporting. 

number . 
Tractors farms reporting. 

number . 
Wheel tractors other than garden farms reporting. 

number . 
Garden tractors farms reporting . 

number . 
Crawler tractors farms reporting. 

number . 
Automobiles farms reporting . 

number . 
FARM LABOR 

Week of Sept. 26-Oct. 2 ■od/or Oct. 24-30: 

Family and/or hired workers farms reporting. 

persons . 

Family workers, including operator farms reporting. 

Operators working 1 hour or more persons. 

1 to M hours persons . 

15 hours or more persons . 

Iftipaid members of operator's family fanns reporting. 

persons . 

Hired workers farms reporting . 

persons. 
Regular workers (to be employed 

150 days or more) farms reporting. 

persons . 
Seasonal workers (to be employed 

less than 150 days) farms reporting. 

persons . 
SPECIFIED FARM EXPENDITURES 

Specified farm expenditures^ farms reporting. 

Machine hire and/or hired labor farms reporting. 

Machine hire farms reporting. 

dollars.. 

Hired labor farms reporting. . 

dollars . 

$1 to $499 farms reporting . 

$1 to $99 farms reporting. 

$100 to $199 farms reporting. 

$200 to $499 farms reporting . 

$500 to $999 farms reporting. 

$1,000 to $2,499 farms reporting. 

$2,500 to $4,999 farms reporting. 

$5,000 and over farms reporting. 

Feed for livestock and poultry farms reporting. . 

dollars . . 

Gasoline and other petroleum fuel and oil farms reporting.. 

dollars . . 
Ccnmerclal fertilizer and 

fertilizing material farms reporting. . 

dollars . . 

tons. . 

acres on which used.. 

Lime and liming material. farms reporting. . 

dollars. . 
tons. . 
acres on which used.. 
LIVESTOCK AND LIVESTOCK PRODUCTS 

Livestock OB kaad: 

Horses and mules farms reporting. 

number. 

All cattle and calves farms reporting. 

number . 
Cows, including heifers that have calved ... farms reporting. 

number. 

Milk cows farms reporting. 

number. 

All hogs and pigs farms reporting. 

number. 

Born before June 1 number. 

Chickens 4 months old and over farms reporting. 

number. 

Sheep, total farms reporting. 

number. 
Number 1 year and over: 

Ewes number. 

Rams and wethers number. 



496,839 
135,364 
330,922 
858,118 
1,506,646 

1,745,567 

3,120,327 

1,204,223 

2,023,700 

1,189,542 

109,332 

668,851 

686,327 

896,010 

950,341 

662,654 

674,182 

426,979 

431,944 

193,503 

197,628 

1,773,239 

2,223,443 

2,398,693 

4,127,764 

2,340,870 

3,750,125 

223,851 

233,562 

115,662 

144,077 

2,479,206 

3,199,713 



3,129,241 
7,936,196 
3,084,012 
3,029,184 

496,571 
2,532,613 
1,421,260 
2,291,735 

697,337 
2,615,277 

323,208 
670,934 

458,384 
1,944,343 

3,308,888 

2,690,305 

2,073,506 

602,982,131 

1,944,892 

,214,180,127 

1,285,814 

529,493 

330,778 

425,543 

236,747 

242,875 

99,170 

80,286 

2,551,473 
3,681,510,455 

2,666,693 
1,312,642,381 

2,294,541 

1,023,734,322 

17,765,047 

116,120,634 

450,834 

64,967,578 

16,208,244 

9,762,281 



1,324,404 

3,262,489 

2,626,959 
88,843,964 

2,529,921 
41,969,236 

2,166,476 
18,663,736 

1,792,467 
54,963,546 
27,718,057 

2,406,330 

340,361,825 

303,556 

30,176,438 

18,222,016 
1,087,822 



85,556 
45,589 
74,897 
96,025 
65,666 

66,698 

337,504 

80,550 

132,965 

78,215 

2,018 

14,808 

8,559 

18,992 

20,096 

10,679 

10,920 

12,554 

12,689 

2,713 

2,796 

131,018 

156,882 

163,714 

222,967 

161,105 

211,116 

5,022 

5,359 

4,827 

6,492 

218,171 

253,835 



339,994 
911,941 
337,528 
332,169 

43,697 
288,472 
164,312 
294,259 

59,396 
285,513 

15,902 
43,334 

50,326 
242,179 

361,844 

302,622 

195,005 

31,482,987 

255,728 

189,876,698 

190,618 

70,275 

49,243 

71,100 

32,638 

20,657 

6,305 

5,510 

224,349 
47,321,241 

252,551 
77,607,630 

344,725 

140,396,137 

2,639,263 

8,890,115 

33,067 

2,482,366 

556,871 

439,425 



216,511 
389,735 
229,055 

1,963,911 
222,132 

1,052,308 
198,800 
609,245 
231,025 

2,078,784 

1,022,314 

279,661 

11,226,880 

9,778 

505,699 

320,043 
16,568 



99 

15 

69 

1,794 

3,608 

4,699 

5,444 

3,215 

5,104 

3,764 

104 

1,111 

591 

2,478 

3,111 

641 

775 

1,205 

1,288 

512 

545 

5,196 

17,275 

5,402 

23,610 

5,371 

19,952 

396 

536 

1,752 

3,122 

5,303 

14,573 



5,445 

87,707 

5,094 

4,983 

568 

4,415 

1,811 

3,234 

4,785 

79,490 

3,830 
24,073 

3,319 
55,417 

5,575 

5,529 

3,302 

6,036,608 

5,491 

80,742,276 

168 

45 

30 

93 

219 

563 

924 

3,617 

2,715 

4,584,239 

5,446 

13,945,388 

5,413 

27,878,841 

447,988 

1,415,572 

949 

362,644 

56,632 

59,887 



1,878 

8,373 

2,978 

203,888 

2,692 

80,634 

1,981 

17,120 

1,432 

44,715 

23,047 

2,162 

330,401 

458 

131,086 

74,825 
2,864 



601 

101 

457 

6,221 

8,034 

10, OU 

15,124 

7,215 

12,804 

8,786 

287 

2,680 

2,200 

4,733 

4,954 

2,080 

2,143 

2,315 

2,340 

818 

833 

12,876 

20,042 

14,310 

30,896 

U,243 

28,799 

567 

652 

1,286 

1,445 

13,864 

20,238 



14,935 
89,731 
14,641 
14,482 

1,473 
13,009 

6,623 
12,764 

9,182 
62,435 

4,937 
9,020 

6,689 
53,465 

15,383 

14,892 

9,825 

4,774,679 

14,593 

34,027,871 

1,648 

171 

341 

1,136 

2,248 

5,322 

3,695 

1,680 

10,267 

6,913,450 

14,737 

13,262,474 

14,600 

20,089,748 

359,537 

1,114,669 

2,415 

299,632 

56,428 

52,350 



6,779 

16,534 

10,747 

284,725 

10,439 

129,895 

8,522 

49,046 

7,419 

194,476 

87,609 

9,833 

742,524 

1,434 

147,566 

77,254 
3,802 



5,476 

1,567 

6,900 

20,413 

13,350 

13,330 

46,496 

16,033 

26,249 

17,666 

491 

3,808 

2,432 

4,650 

4,734 

3,471 

3,496 

3,008 

3,025 

535 

545 

24,005 

27,345 

34,053 

45,834 

33,692 

44,228 

914 

951 

593 

655 

37,063 

43,655 



45,422 
155,531 
45,012 
44,199 
3,772 
40,427 
25,655 
54,044 
14,440 
57,283 

3,712 
5,498 

12,058 

51,790 



47,917 

45,183 

30,099 

6,604,637 

42,397 

30,329,377 

19,949 

2,937 

4,492 

12,520 

11,278 

9,645 

1,349 

176 

31,466 
10,283,892 

42,512 
17,462,038 

45,894 

27,941,398 

533,592 

1,752,954 

6,281 

510,854 

103,662 

88,181 



28,380 
58,081 
29,910 

382,206 
28,720 

201,080 
24,488 
94,118 
32,537 

533,893 

251,575 

38,114 

1,862,076 

2,273 

106,161 



71,306 
3,717 



25,058 
10,145 
22,850 
35,821 
20,348 



16,760 

108,893 

25, U2 

41,219 

25,744 

541 

4,028 

2,094 

4,405 

4,493 

3,016 

3,035 

3,596 

3,601 

493 

498 

39,427 

41,338 

56,739 

65,042 

55,993 

63,048 

1,254 

1,294 

652 

700 

74,757 

82,309 



106,790 
269,180 
106,084 
104,696 
10,570 
94,126 
59,155 
112,026 
17,452 
52,458 

2,516 
3,499 

15,434 
48,959 



113,683 

101,599 

65,363 

7,858,948 

89,772 

29,060,307 

70,210 

16,805 

18,530 

34,875 

15,042 

4,240 

249 

31 

68,109 
12,373,255 

90,244 
20,612,945 

109,212 

37,383,029 

743,630 

2,526,405 

10,793 

662,430 

153,722 

111,765 



68,816 
123,260 

65,853 
438,201 

63,818 
278,389 

56,480 
179,724 

77,800 
734,694 
361,333 

90,100 

3,475,615 

2,755 

73,478 

58,599 
3,577 



31,911 
17,859 
26,793 
24,877 
15,681 

15,594 

105,930 

21,309 

33,981 

17,045 

345 

2,396 

922 

2,203 

2,231 

1,298 

1,298 

2,019 

2,024 

235 

255 

35,325 

36,321 

41,281 

44,918 

40,337 

43,142 

1,336 

1,361 

389 

415 

63,668 

68,278 



106,758 

214,100 

106,238 

104,360 

15,521 

88,839 

50,553 

82,446 

10,531 

27,294 

779 
1,062 

9,907 
26,232 

U4,530 

92,809 

58,466 

4,736,879 

74,935 

12,691,917 

70,632 

30,146 

20,483 

20,003 

3,456 

766 

76 

5 

69,760 

9,244,261 

73,547 

10,196,025 

109,842 

21,436,599 

434,258 

1,577,550 

9,086 

486,550 

137,539 

93,750 



69,529 
118,012 

74,293 
425,856 

72,230 
253,826 

65,909 
181,453 

74,336 
431,777 
222,794 

88,830 

3,187,590 

2,082 

39,260 



22,411 
15,902 
17,828 
6,899 
4,645 

6,304 
55,617 

7,636 
13,608 

5,ao 

250 

785 

320 

523 

523 

173 

173 

4U 

4U 

U5 

120 

14,189 

14,511 

11,929 

12,667 

11,469 

11,947 

555 

565 

155 

155 

23,516 

24,732 



60,594 
95,692 
60,459 
59,449 
11,793 
47,656 
20,515 
29,745 
3,006 
6,498 

128 
182 

2,919 
6,316 

64,746 

42,610 

27,950 

1,471,236 

28,540 

2,524,950 

23,0U 

20,171 

5,367 

2,473 

395 

121 

12 

1 

42,032 
3,922,144 

26,015 
2,123,760 

59,764 
5,666,522 

120,208 
502,965 
3,543 
160,256 
48,838 
33,492 



40,629 
65,475 
45,274 

179,035 
44,233 

108,434 
41,420 
87,734 
37,501 

139,229 

75,951 

50,622 

1,628,674 

776 

8, US 



30,611 
1,958 



7,448 
650 



^Excludes farms reporting expenditures for commercial fertilizer and lime. 



12 



SIZE OF OPERATION BY TYPE OF FARM 



Table 1 —FARMS AND FARM CHARACTERISTICS FOR ALL OTHER-FIELD-CROP FARMS. BY ECONOMIC CLASS: 

CENSUS OF 1954-Continued 

[Data are based on reports for only a aajnple of farms. See text. Statistics for subregions in Table 4^ 



(For definitions and explanations, see text) 



cconerclal 
fajnis 



Econcmic class 



Livestock and livestock products sold: 

Cattle and calves sold alive farms reporting,,, 

number. . . 
dollars. . . 

Hogs and pigs sold alive farms reporting... 

number. . . 
dollars. .. 

Chickens sold farms reporting... 

dollars. .. 

Chicken eggs sold farms reporting. . . 

dozens. .. 
dollars. .. 

Milk sold^ pounds... 

dollars. ,. 

Sheep sold farms reporting.,. 

number. . . 
dollars... 

ESTIMATED VALUE OF FAHM PRODUCTS SOLD (See text) 

All farm products sold dollars . , , 

All crops sold dollars , . , 

Field crops, other than vegetables and fruits 

and nuts, sold dollars.,. 

Vegetables sold dollars . . . 

Fruits and nuts sold. dollars, , , 

Horticultural specialties sold dollars,.. 

All livestock and livestock products sold... dollars... 

Dairy products sold dollars. , , 

Poultry and poultry products sold dollars,.. 

Livestock and livestock products, other than 

dairy and poultry, sold dollars,,. 

Forest products sold dollars, , , 

SPECIFIED CROPS HARVESTED 

Com for all purposes farms reporting,,, 

acres., . 

Com harvested for grain farms reporting... 

acres. . . 

bushels harvested... 

bushels sold. . . 

Sorghum for all purposes except sirup farms reporting... 

acres,,. 
Sorghum harvested for grain or seed bushels sold.. 

\^eet threshed or combined acres... 

bushels harvested... 
bushels sold... 

Spring uheat threshed or combined acres... 

bushels harvested... 
bushels sold. . . 

Oats threshed or combined acres . . . 

bushels harvested... 
bushels sold... 

Barley threshed or combined farms reporting... 

acres... 

bushels harvested.,, 

bushels sold,.. 

Rye threshed or combined bushels sold... 

Buckwheat threshed or combined, ........bushels sold... 

Flaxseed threshed or combined bushels sold... 

Soybeans harvested for beans bushels.,. 

Soybeans cut for hay tons, , , 

Cowpeas harvested for peas bushels, , , 

Cowpeas cut for hay tons... 

Peanuts harvested for picking or threshing farms reporting,,, 

acres., , 
pounds harvested,,. 

Peanut vines or tops saved for hay or forage tons harvested,.. 

Velvetbeans harvested for beans bushels... 

Dry field and seed beans harvested for beans bushels... 

Other dry field beans harvested for beans lOO-lb, bags.,. 

Dry field and seed peas harvested for peas ,,.,.. .pounds... 

Cotton harvested farms reporting... 

acres,,, 
bales harvested,,. 

Popcorn harvested pounds . . . 

Sugar beets harvested for sugar farms reporting... 

acres. , . 
tons harvested... 

Sugarcane or sorghum harvested for sirup gallons... 

Sugarcane harvested for sugar farms reporting... 

acres, . . 
tons... 

Tobacco harvested aci-es... 

pounds,. . 
Tobacco harvested (type not specified) acres... 

pounds... 
Burley tobacco harvested acres.., 

pounds.. , 
Dark-fired tobacco harvested acres . . , 

pounds... 
Dark air-cured tobacco harvested acres . . , 

pounds.,. 
Flue-cured tobacco harvested ,,,. acres... 

pounds.. , 
Binder tobacco harvested acres . . 

pounds... 
Wrapper tobacco harvested. acres . . . 

pounds... 



2,168,490 

42,590,662 

4,219,053,073 

1,255,555 

56,641,238 

2,289,760,716 

921,435 

696,321,848 

1,391,630 

2,663,617,211 

922,141,662 

93,710,976,980 

3,330,025,237 

259,762 

22,425,250 

330,536,753 



24.298,622,950 
11,955,045,301 

9,735,818,610 
628,498,349 

1,186,348,705 

403,879,637 

12,223,361,628 

3,330,025,237 

1,907,376,547 

6,985,959,744 

120,216,021 



2,300,261 
74,377,194 
2,046,377 
63,394,112 
2,547,823,454 
992,119,020 

329, 899 

17,112,709 
175,980,777 



50, 

900, 
800, 

14, 
166, 
140, 

37, 
,301, 
344, 



352 
235 

10, 

31 



582,348 
761,498 
412,820 
304,189 
017,093 
147,001 
312,820 
894,795 
163,274 
308,436 
440,079 
824,132 
606,108 
397,747 
970,191 
332,584 



322,324,503 

737,530 

979,625 

117,769 

100, 989 

1,218,829 

851,977,545 

593,574 

66,226 

7,650,024 

3,122,146 

281,666,092 

731,802 

17,963,656 

12,516,285 

156,266,472 

22,516 

804,245 

12,766,368 

2,125,041 

3,479 

279,963 

6,531,040 

1,474,344 

1,822,282,985 

(NA) 

427,597,922 

(NA) 

432,733,314 

(NA) 

46,103,715 

(HA) 

22,877,855 

(NA) 

861,260,424 

(NA) 

24,786,230 

(NA) 

6,923,525 



NA Not available. 



I 

^Includes milk equivalent of cream and butterfat sold. 



130,962 

742,409 

46,111,033 

93,356 

1,247,802 

35,750,463 

32,325 

1,966,493 

81,943 

21,621,348 

7,853,300 

977,306,101 

29,598,118 

8,133 

369,476 

5,201,387 



1,597,303,510 
1,463,908,295 

1,432,284,262 

26,622,245 

3,740,463 

1,261,325 

129,a41,050 

29,593,118 

10,410,085 

89,032,847 
4,354,165 



304,306 
3,831,655 
293,826 
3,445,425 
80,763,320 
21,915,676 

18,646 
151,792 
555,410 

650,617 

16,131,219 

12,138,456 

296,325 

7,973,534 

7,083,532 

412,447 

14,566,205 

5,672,667 

12,773 

374,865 

12,663,973 

9,098,324 

331,355 

12,564 

402,580 

2,301,265 

88,145 

30,119 

32,742 

37,390 

517,714 

499,441,913 

245,209 

9,807 

764,087 

326,350 

10,402,958 

86, U7 

555,356 

391,794 

20,533,475 

6,918 

337,752 

5,335,684 

756,265 

2,265 

224,708 

6,274,295 

1,236,081 

1,537,576,642 

265,010 

301,754,395 

222,509 

341,442,235 

27,872 

34,335,460 

8,165 

10,345,925 

693,364 

818,837,977 

14,511 

23,447, L25 

4,650 

6,913,525 



2,312 

86,514 

9,512,629 

961 

41,966 

1,574,765 

554 

398,971 

876 

2,285,765 

872,578 

91,951,503 

3,463,909 

371 

89, 172 

1,359,158 



332,737,054 
31,4524,918 

298,509,032 

14,933,437 

393,819 

688,580 

17,722,792 

3,463,909 

1,361,329 

12,897,554 
539,344 



2,133 

131, 062 

1,785 

112,710 

4,572,032 

2,619,164 

144 

10,231 

237,532 

201, 956 
5,212,698 
4,770,285 

155,224 
3,839,335 
3,497,513 
80,114 
3,238,530 
2,110,939 
1,577 

180,225 
6,459,314 
5,570,048 

138,204 
4,294 

288, 161 

412,496 

3,417 

820 

461 

177 

17,633 

20,873,952 

6,134 

600 

274,935 

133,193 

3,750,197 

387 

26,031 

37,373 

4,700,300 

1,233 

155,182 

2,762,997 

417,635 

333 

144,425 

4,644,140 

29,102 

43,450,394 

8,360 

11,451,310 

3,148 

5,111,156 

269 

440,500 

10 

13,600 

4,923 

7,459,653 

7,628 

12,376,900 

4,264 

6,597,775 



7,558 

101, 922 

8,369,795 

5,115 

153,346 

5,435,137 

2,035 

281,791 

3,707 

2,960,744 

1,064,063 

192,152,622 

6,302,305 

1,200 

103, 579 

1,536,371 



230,264,320 
206,030,206 

201,147,694 

4,521,901 

151,431 

209,130 

23,636,478 

6,302,305 

1,449,950 

15,884,223 

593,136 



8,640 

300,341 

7,673 

247,313 

7,763,350 

2,343,945 

517 
24,904 
90,113 

144,558 

4,012,849 

3,477,669 

96,360 

2,797,5% 

2,458,861 

100,265 

3,851,072 

1,745,972 

3,148 

116,087 

3,969,017 

2,716,443 

71,206 

6,390 

101,474 

619,932 

4,876 

7,411 

1,184 

1,956 

72,059 

96,476,376 

26,689 

890 

357,953 

131,700 

5,689,391 

2,426 

37,635 

29,790 

6,762,475 

2,527 

114,343 

1,692,713 

123,985 

456 

38,248 

840,020 

68,947 

99,406,433 

19, 152 

22,381,865 

13,674 

23,354,220 

754 

1,019,740 

92 

166,525 

31,361 

45,312,303 

3,532 

5,945,225 

332 

226,050 



17,639 

141,651 

8,687,686 

20,788 

367,395 

11,328,895 

4,839 

377,437 

10,357 

4,217,141 

1,574,162 

216,085,419 

6,584,684 

1,976 

82,275 

1,263,131 



329,961,607 
298,730,732 

295,401,335 

2,882,560 

405,537 

91,300 

30,317,805 

6,584,684 

2,076,745 

21,656,376 

363,070 



35,830 

190,623 

9,625,309 

36,574 

414,777 

11,441,566 

9,663 

431,909 

23,153 

5,417,452 

2,006,273 

265,154,672 

7,579,655 

2,394 

59,549 

871,772 



424,453,799 
390,674,809 

336,893,094 

2,664,267 

881,383 

236,065 

32,503,847 

7,579,655 

2,650,322 

22,273,370 
1,230,143 



40,425 
832,961 
38,361 
716,223 
17,967,880 
5,534,569 

1,793 
37,635 
111,865 

98,724 

2,589,905 

2,003,615 

35,253 

1,031,105 

925,470 

3,5349 

2,572,605 

922,232 

2,771 

44,735 

1,382,304 

616,004 

61,690 

1,880 

8,245 

633,690 

16, 183 

14,913 

7,733 

9,323 

144,048 

162,793,872 

96,656 

1,162 

114,433 

52,752 

379, 545 

17,215 

142,250 

106,477 

5,136,525 

1,919 

50,669 

683,544 

88,375 

596 

27,305 

513,725 

275,062 

379,428,843 

62,807 

76,753,603 

41, 570 

68,364,370 

3,262 

4,612,705 

549 

844,980 

164,789 

225,371,385 

2,031 

3,391,600 

54 

89,700 



102,756 
1,368,766 

100,302 

1,215,302 

26,220,067 

6,749,627 

5,262 
35,699 
49,690 

109, 608 

2,475,594 

1,291,103 

7,624 

221,433 

173,113 

30,756 

2,592,443 

606,099 

2,741 

20,378 

561, 885 

142,160 

43,365 

4,230 

480,336 

30,237 

33,323 

14,376 

14,313 

160, 952 

145,099,293 

69,337 

4,075 

13,908 

6,510 

83,325 

39,352 

232,386 

157,170 

3,422,750 

783 

13,386 

153,081 

61,495 

535 

U,080 

214,380 

483,490 

596,106,333 

101,181 

112,396,525 

71,784 

112,322,330 

10,451 

13,506,815 

2,234 

3,077,355 

297,020 

353,502,908 

820 

1,300,400 



42,933 

163,223 

7,543,740 

25, 905 

212,727 

4,951,658 

10,104 

318,610 

27,095 

4,781,626 

1,669,729 

173,813,800 

4,658,960 

1,727 

24,906 

83,680 



225,344,691 
205,022,965 

202,427,765 
1,269,420 
1,301,960 
23,820 
19,547,639 
4,658,960 
2,071,909 

12,816,770 
774,087 



99,046 
913,944 
95,305 
340,309 
17,353,591 
3,497,897 

6,661 
30,368 
12,255 

75,386 

1,530,413 

524, 139 

1,464 

30,920 

18,680 

50,360 

1,325,000 

246,360 

2,041 

10,905 

252,028 

52,629 

15,320 

470 

133,231 

23,937 

13,487 

7,313 

3,437 

92,450 

60,232,700 

35,268 

2,085 

2,675 

2,045 

21,877 

101,379 

54,664 

506,825 

330 

3,240 

37,345 

38,140 

255 

2,965 

51,625 

301,624 

335,573,565 

57,426 

60,312,733 

63,939 

93,891,594 

10,292 

11,794,310 

3,841 

5,041,880 

165, 658 

164,147,498 

418 

385,500 



SUMMARY FOR THE UNITED STATES 



13 



Table 1. -FARMS AND FARM CHARACTERISTICS FOR ALL OTHER FIELD-CROP FARMS, BY ECONOMIC CLASS: 

CENSUS OF 1954-Continued 

QData are based on reports for only a sample of farms. See text. Statistics for subregions in Table 4 ] 



Item 
(For deTlnltlone and explanations, see text) 



All 

comierclal 

faimB 



Econcxnic class 



SPECIFIED CROPS HAiWESTED— Continued 

Irish potatoes harvested for home use or 
for sale farms reporting... 

acres ^.. 
bushels... 

Sweetpotatoes harvested for home use or 
for sale bushels. . . 

Vegetables harvested for sale farms reporting... 

dollars.. . 

land in bearing and nonbearing fruit orchards, groves, 

vineyards, and planted nut trees^ farms reporting... 

acres. . . 
^ples^ .bushels harvested. .. 

Peaches^ bushels harvested... 

Alfalfa and alfalfa mixtures cut for hay (and for 

dehydrating) acres . . . , 

tons... 
tons sold . . . 



Clover, timothy, and mixtures of clover and grasses 
cut for hay 



acres... 

tons... 
tons sold... 

Lespedeza cut for hay acres . . . 

tons.. . 
tons sold... 

Vetch or peas, alone or mixed with oats or other grains, 

cut for hay acres .. . 

tons. . . 
tons sold... 

Oats, wheat, barley, rye, or other small grains 

cut for hay acres.... 

tons... 
tons sold... 

Wild hay cut acres .. . 

tons... 
tons sold... 

Grass silage made from grasses, alfalfa, clover, 

or small grains i. . .acres. . .- 

tons, green weight.,. 

Other hay cut ,. ..acres. . . 

tons . . . 
tons sold... 

Nursery products sold • dollars. . . 

Cut flowers, potted plants, florist greens, and 
bedding plants sold. .dollars. .. 

Vegetables grown under glass, flower seeds, vegetable seeds, 
vegetable plants, bulbs, and mushrooms sold dollars... 



962, 54i 

1,161,955 

330,340,999 



23,603,806 



228,909 
628,498,349 



288,709 

3,610,183 

107,019,140 

55,106,900 



25,352,943 
54,115,556 
9,475,922 



15,672,584 

22,367,533 

1,411,929 

2,813,741 

2,458,220 

135,283 



48,309 

85,368 

9,661 



4,163,669 

4,632,385 

295,045 

12,106,511 

9,328,205 

618, 625 



1,158,671 
6,759,132 

4,643,189 

4,814,116 

360,480 

138,077,412 



208,777,391 
57,024,834 



197,880 

501,720 

221,791,551 



6,821 



30,957 
26,622,245 



1,7699 
42,758 
519,571 



197,0 



463,910 

1,177,336 

345,165 



373,381 

431,550 

32,901 

559, 992 

4A6,422 

12,641 



285 
640 



280,008 

284,330 

8,259 

21,050 

20,014 

2,012 



5,335 
39, 543 

157. 142 

151. 143 
6,265 

408,025 



380, 840 
472,^60 



3,558 

260,040 

123,453,660 



1,435,136 

1,540 
14,933,437 

493 

8,500 

39,449 

37,967 



93,837 
305,837 
159,671 



31,903 
53,350 
8,254 

4,595 

5,514 

166 



9,588 
14,067 
2,467 

5,581 

5,773 

342 



2,991 
29, 912 

14,093 
22,326 
2,008 



9,102 

152,668 

67,851,995 



2,633 
4,521,901 



881 
3,402 
15,390 

22,198 



142,911 
418,075 
131,787 



57,924 
74,572 
10,877 

16,727 
17,632 

780 



130 
330 



15,163 
18,199 
1,430 

7,154 
6,530 
1,020 



1,129 
5,741 

12,435 

15,008 
819 



173,180 



25,282 

56,605 

21,844,046 



2,841,787 



5,679 
2,882,560 



1,894 

5,809 

45,747 



99,467 

240,577 

37,325 



69,055 
84,258 
7,610 

75,527 
69,382 
3,359 



155 

310 



43,086 

48,388 

1,432 

3,060 

3,061 

455 



305 
1,540 

21,137 

19, 910 

1,220 

2,000 



59,899 

20,653 

5,831,455 



2,913,815 



10,219 
2,664,267 



4,607 

9,504 

102,590 



47,545 



70,924 

129,846 

12,457 



84,362 
91,649 
3,435 

134,421 

157,665 

5,024 



92,042 

92,714 

1,595 

2,595 

2,435 

5 



390 
725 

40, 199 

37,273 

1,465 

188,875 



61,509 

8,019 

2,040,311 



1,344,573 

7,521 
1,269,420 



6,221 
10,109 
227,955 



43,301 
65,626 
3,495 



87,472 
86,521 
2,330 

192,167 

154,089 

2,452 



84,228 
79,621 

1,045 

1,755 

1,655 

100 



325 
1,210 

45,626 

38,045 
508 



16,000 



5,200 



38,530 

3,735 

769,584 



451,005 



3,365 
350,660 



3,603 
5,434 
88,440 

15,480 



13,470 

17,375 

430 



42,665 

41,200 

395 

86,555 

62,140 

860 



35,901 

31,341 

290 

905 
560 
90 



195 

415 

23,652 

18,581 

245 



7,730 



^Does not include acreage for farms with less than 20 bushels harvested. See text. 



Does not include data for farms with less than 20 trees or grapevines. See "xt. 



41E358 O - 57 ■ 



14 



SIZE OF OPERATION BY TYPE OF FARM 



Table l.-FARMS AND FARM CHARACTERISTICS FOR ALL VEGETABLE FARMS, BY ECONOMIC CLASS.- CENSUS OF 1954 



[Data are based on reports for onl^ a sample of farms. See text. Statistics f or subregions in Table 5] 



Item 
(For definitions and explanations, see text) 



All 

conmercial 

farms 



Economic class 



FARIC, ACREAGE, AND VALUZ 

Paraa number. 

Percent distribution percent. 

Lull in far>a acres. 

Percent distribution percent. 

Average size of farm acres . 

Value of land anil buildings: 

Average per farm dollars. 

Average per acre dollars . 

Land in fan* according to use: 

Cropland harvested farms reporting. 

acres. 

Percent distribution percent. 

Cropland used only for pasture farms reporting. 

acres . 
Cropland not harvested and not pastured farms reporting. 

acres . 
Woodland pastured farms reporting. 

acres . 
Woodland not pastured farms reporting. 

acres . 
Other pasture (not cropland 
and not woodland) forms reporting. 

acres . 
Isiproved (see text).^ farms reporting. 

acres . 
Other land (house lots, roads, 
wasteland, etc.) farms reporting. 

acres . 
Cropland, total farms reporting. 

acres . 
land pastured, total farms reporting. 

acres. 
Woodland, total farms reporting. 

acres. 
Irrigated land in farms farms reporting. 

acres . 



HESIDENCZ OF FAHU OPERATOR 

Residing on farm operated operators reporting. 

Not residing on farm operated operators reporting. 

Operators not reporting residence number . 

FARIC BY SIZE 

Under 10 acres number . 

10 to 29 acres number. 

30 to ^9 acres number. 

50 to 69 acres number . 

70 to 99 acres number . 

100 to U9 acres number . 

UO to 179 acres number . 

180 to 219 acres number. 

220 to 259 acres number. 

260 to <i99 acres number . 

500 to 999 acres number. 

1,000 acres and over number. 

FARM OPERATORS BY COLCR AND TENURE 

All farn operators: 

Owners, part owners, and managers number. 

All tenants number. 

Croppers number. 

All white operators: 

Owners, part owners, and managers number. 

All tenants number. 

Croppers number. 

All nonvhite operators: 

Owners, part owners, and managers number. 

All tenants number . 

Croppers number. 

PARK QPSiAIORS BY AGE 

Tbder 25 years operators reporting. 

25 to 3^ years operators reporting. 

35 to W years operators reporting. 

^5 to 5^ years operators reporting. 

55 to 6* years operators reporting . 

65 years and over operators reporting . 

OFF-FABU WORK AND OTHER mCOME 

Fsrn operators— 

With other income of family exceeding value of farm 

products sold operators reporting. 

Working off their farms, by days 

worked, total operators reporting. 

None operators reporting. 

1 to 99 days operators reporting. 

100 to 199 days operators reporting. 

200 days or more operators reporting. 



3,327,889 

XXX 

1,032,493,352 

XXX 

310.3 

25,i37 
83.07 

3,148,874 
321,586,517 

XXX 

1,412,539 

57,506,468 

889,841 

52,491,969 

1,057,059 

94,424,817 

919,891 

55,836,567 

1,483,954 

415,276,760 

311,862 

16,094,374 

2,982,199 

35,370,254 

3,224,297 

431,584,954 

2,602,192 

567,208,045 

1,616,252 

150,261,384 

264,488 

29,033,584 



3,055,919 

202,894 

69,076 



145,400 
351,398 
271,523 
211,758 
368,902 
391,913 

403,032 
231,719 
190,412 
451,921 
182,550 
L27,361 



2,368,210 
959,679 
241,882 



2,271,292 
719,195 
95, U2 



96,918 
240,484 
U6,750 



72,001 
459,899 
776,985 
809,004 
668,587 
477,841 



359,188 

1,113,085 

2,155,510 

679,443 

136,920 

296,722 



32,581 
100.0 

4,776,579 
100.0 
146.6 

38,327 

264.18 

32,581 

2,237,854 

100.0 

7,073 

225,948 

10,860 

290,771 

5,393 

511,034 

8,957 

466,838 

6,092 

714,595 

1,897 

83,090 

27,493 
329,539 

32,581 
2,754,573 

13,444 
1,451,577 

12,630 
977,372 

11,839 
952,207 



28,082 

3,912 

587 



2,880 
7,971 
5,340 
3,270 
3,565 
2,965 

1,735 

1,052 

848 

1,554 

822 

569 



27,011 

5,570 

544 



25,037 

4,387 

288 



1,974 

1,183 
256 



591 
3,732 
7,423 
7,886 
7,222 
5,034 



4,455 

10,515 
21,317 
5,618 
1,540 
3,357 



3,751 

11.5 

2,386,079 

50.0 

636.1 

192,184 
289.65 

3,751 

1,225,378 

54.3 

617 

61,899 

1,074 

129,468 

222 

184,262 

801 

135,619 

504 

491,096 

180 

40,202 

2,969 
157,357 

3,751 
1,417,245 

1,058 

737,257 

935 

319,381 

2,803 
729,321 



2,398 

1,222 

131 



10 
120 
175 
225 
360 
405 

385 
230 
257 
673 
463 
448 



2,945 

806 
3 



2,570 
670 



375 
136 



36 
573 
1,156 
937 
556 
224 



534 

3,153 

234 



4,480 
13.8 

624,011 
13.1 
1J9.3 

44,822 
333.43 

4,480 

340,336 

15.2 

938 

32,603 

1,385 

33,556 

517 

57,011 

1,170 

62,264 

682 

49,644 

246 

9,761 

3,826 
48,597 

4,480 
406,495 

1,621 
139,258 

1,531 
U9,275 

2,554 
113,323 



3,786 
649 
45 



600 
720 
555 
655 
630 

430 
217 
199 
290 
97 
42 



3,682 

793 

5 



3,311 
658 



371 
140 



85 

647 

1,229 

1,154 
855 
424 



285 

1,001 

3,334 

575 

IM 

282 



5,094 

15.6 

499,536 
10.5 
93.1 

25,699 
274 .67 

5,094 

236,467 

10.6 

1,027 

32,297 

1,655 

30,781 

614 

62,790 

1,274 

49,097 

794 

47,434 

272 

U,625 

4,384 
40,670 

5,094 
299,545 

1,855 
142,521 

1,750 
1U,887 

2,176 
56,638 



4,539 

510 
45 



195 
1,235 
1,000 
635 
635 
530 

215 

145 

102 

189 

77 

36 



,135 

959 

36 



3,908 

713 



227 
246 
20 



120 
697 
1,344 
1,222 
936 
655 



543 

1,480 

3,474 

759 

241 

480 



6,384 
19.6 

497,337 
10.4 
78.0 

16,490 
2D. 60 

6,384 

196,654 

8.8 

1,576 
38,879 

2,135 
31,027 

1,138 
76,090 

1,786 
75,491 

1,170 

45,479 

400 

10,410 

5,448 
34,217 

6,384 
266,560 

2,801 
lo0,448 

2,567 
151,531 

2,123 
30,476 



5,680 
579 
125 



470 
2,081 
1,205 
690 
615 
445 

290 
160 
130 
167 
110 
21 



5,448 

936 

75 



5,133 

780 

55 



265 
156 
20 



90 

723 

1,469 

1,680 

1,383 

933 



1,205 

2,496 

3,778 

1,040 

466 

990 



6,495 
19.9 

434,679 

9.1 

66.9 

11, 334 
176.51 

6,495 

145,501 

6.5 

1,423 
34,800 

2,353 
35,964 

1,292 
75,990 

1,838 
70,401 

1,324 

43,416 

413 

6,728 

5,494 
28,607 

6,495 
216,265 

2,843 
154,206 

2,696 
146,391 

1,463 
17, 189 



5,819 
580 
96 



815 
2,105 
1,165 
560 
655 
480 

230 
165 

105 

140 

60 

15 



5,515 
980 
160 



5,230 
765 
90 



235 
215 
70 



70 
672 
1,409 
1,597 
1,534 
1,082 



2,255 

3,218 
3,107 
1,224 
601 
1,393 



SUMMARY FOR THE UNITED STATES 



15 



Table l.-FARMS AND FARM CHARACTERISTICS FOR ALL VEGETABLE FARMS, BY ECONOMIC CLASS- 
CENSUS OF 1954-Conlinued 

(.Data are baaed on reports for only a sample of farms. See text, Statlatloa for subreglons in Table 5] 



Item 
(For definitions and explanations, see text) 



All 

ccamerclal 

fajna 



Econcmic class 



FAMC BY aASS OF WORK POUER 

No tractor, horses, or mules farms reporting. 

No tractor and only 1 horse or mule farms reporting. 

No tractor and 2 or more horses and/ or imiles, ,,, farms reporting. 

Tractor and horses and/or mules .,,.,.famis reporting. 

Tractor and no horses or mules ,,,,,.,,,,, ,fail]is reporting, 

SPECIFIED FACILITIES AND BjniPMENT 

Telephone • ,,,,,* farms reporting. 

Electricity ,,,,. , farms reporting. 

Television set farms reporting. 

Piped running water,,, farms reporting. 

Home freezer farms reporting. 

Electric pig brooder farms reporting. 

Power feed grinder farms reporting. 

Milking machine farms reporting. 

Grain combines farms reporting, 

number. 

Com pickers farms reporting, 

number. 

Pick-up hay balers ,.,. farms reporting, 

number\. 

Field forage harresters farms reporting . 

number. 

Motortrucks .,,,.,,,,.,,,,,,.,,,. fanns reporting, 

number. 

Tractors farms reporting, 

number. 

Wheel tractors other than garden farms reporting, 

number. 

Garden tractors farms reporting, 

number. 

Crawler tractors ,,. farms reporting, 

number , 

Automobiles farms reporting, 

number, 
FARM LABOR 
Week of Sept. 26-Oct. 2 and/or Oct. 24-30: 

Family and/or hired workers farms reporting, 

persons , 

Family workers. Including operator farms reporting. 

Operators working 1 hour or more persons, 

1 to H hours persons , 

15 hours or more .,,. .,.,,., persons. 

Unpaid members of operator's family farms reporting, 

persons , 

Hired workers farms reporting, 

persons. 
Regular workers (to be employed 

150 days or more),,.,. faims reporting, 

persons , 
Seasonal workers (to be employed 

less than 150 days) farms reporting, 

persons , 
SPECIFIED FARM ISPENDITORES 

Specified farm expenditures^,,, farms reporting. 

Machine hire and/or hired labor,,,, famiB reporting. 

Machine hire , , ,farms reporting. 

doll are , 

Hired labor farms reporting. 

dollars . 

$1 to $^99; fanos reporting, 

$1 to $99 farms reporting, 

$100 to $199 farms reporting, 

$200 to $499 farms reporting, 

$500 to $999 farms reporting, 

$1,000 to $2,499 farms reporting, 

$2,500 to $4,999 farms reporting. 

$5,000 and over .,,,farms reporting. 

Feed for livestock and poultry , , , ,f arms reporting, 

dollars , 

Gasoline and other petroleum fuel and oil farms reporting, 

dollars , 
Commercial fertilizer and 

fertilizing material fanns reporting. 

dollars . 

tons. 

acres on which used. 

Lime and liming material fanos reporting, 

dollars . 

tons . 

acres on which used, 

LIVESTOCK AND LIVESTOCK PRODDGTS 
Liveatoek on hand: 

Horses and mules farms reporting, 

number. 

All catvle and calves farms reporting, 

number. 
Cows, including heifers that have calved.,, farms reporting, 

number. 

Milk cows farms reporting, 

number. 

All hogs and pigs,,,,,. farms reporting. 

number . 

Bom before June 1,,. , number , 

Chickens 4 months old and over,,,,. farms reporting. 

number. 

total farms reporting. 

number. 
Number 1 year and over: 

Ewes .....*.......,,................,..,,,,,,,,.. .number. 

Rams and wethers .,, .number. 



496,839 
135,364 
330,922 

858,118 
1,506,646 



1,745,567 

3,120,327 

1,204,223 

2,023,700 

1,189,542 

109,332 

668,851 

686,327 

896,010 

950,341 

662,654 

674,182 

426,979 

431,944 

193, 503 

197,628 

1,773,239 

2,223,443 

2,398,698 

4,127,764 

2,340,870 

3,750,125 

223,851 

233,562 

115,662 

144,077 

2,479,206 

3,199,713 



3,129,241 
7,936,196 
3,084,012 
3,029,134 

496,571 
2,532,613 
1,421,260 
2,291,735 

697,337 
2,615,277 

323,208 
670,934 

458,384 
1,944,343 



3,308,888 
2,690,305 
2,073,506 
602,982,131 
1,944,892 
2,214,180,127 
1,285,814. 
529,493 
330,778 
425,543 
236,747 
242,875 
99,170 
80,286 

2,551,473 
3,681,510,455 

2,666,693 
1,312,642,381 

2,294,541 

1,023,734,322 

17,765,047 

116,120,634 

450,834 

64,967,578 

16,208,244 

9,762,281 



1,324,404 

3,262,489 

2,626,959 
88,843,964 

2,529,921 
41,969,236 

2,166,476 
18,663,736 

1,792,467 
54,963,546 
27,718,057 

2,406,330 

340,361,825 

303,556 

30, 176,438 

18,222,016 
1,087,822 



4,559 
1,986 

1,651 
6,409 
17,976 



20,454 

30,673 

17,036 

25,637 

11,152 

216 

1,303 

1,053 

1,941 

2,123 

1,300 

1,564 

847 

892 

362 

384 

25,291 

43,989 

25,877 

62, 117 

23,621 

46,469 

6,704 

8,329 

4,410 

7,319 

23,902 

36,968 



29,926 

179,351 

29,022 

28,405 

3,909 

24,496 

12,513 

20,451 

13,198 

130,495 

6,688 
38,088 

9,685 
92,407 

32,263 

27,131 

U,817 

8,728,170 

24,505 

157,658,956 

8,515 

2,456 

2,136 

3,923 

3,139 

4,647 

2,753 

5,451 

14,661 

8,145,139 

27,818 

22,917,285 

29,279 

47,052,166 

793,907 

1,846,458 

5,593 

1,431,570 

193, 5U 

185,653 



10,046 
18,432 
12,690 

270,155 
11,416 

120,409 
9,110 
32,001 
7,887 
80,310 
38, 526 
13,580 

926,154 

706 

22,943 

12,672 
906 



105 

20 

18 

908 

2,700 



3,116 

3,476 

2,370 

3,399 

1,882 

23 

260 

182 

582 

719 

325 

556 

279 

297 

136 

U7 

3,546 

14,738 

3,618 

20,920 

3,545 

15,477 

655 

1,049 

1,891 

4,394 

3,427 

10,799 



3,641 

83,224 

3,268 

3,228 

310 

2,918 

896 

1,698 

3,265 

78,298 

2,648 
28,960 

2,090 
49,338 



3,725 

3,724 

2,003 

5,686,110 

3,739 

121,864,147 

41 

18 

5 

18 

13 

U5 

233 

3,302 

1,119 

3,471,153 

3,661 

13,601,566 

3,540 

31,378,196 

519,828 

1,067,742 

982 

336,756 

116,265 

111,041 



946 

3,197 

978 

124,048 

818 

48,567 

524 

6,809 

343 

9,495 

3,957 

623 

139,886 

72 

5,437 

1,902 

177 



258 

30 

33 

1,096 

3,063 



3,824 

4,340 

3,137 

4,206 

2,183 

56 

261 

315 

505 

540 

329 

357 

220 

226 

85 

86 

4,194 

7,B22 

4,259 

11,337 

4,047 

8,865 

1,200 

1,695 

1,031 

1,277 

4,059 

6,306 



4,303 

32,034 

4,199 

4,063 

344 

3,719 

1,930 

3,565 

3,078 

24,406 

1,827 
4,942 

2,172 
19,464 



4,470 

4,365 

2,370 

1,U3,913 

4,315 

20,433,635 

212 

40 

40 

132 

187 

799 

1,267 

1,850 

1,786 
1,448,674 

4,273 
3,670,350 

4,265 
6,666,647 
105,599 
269,277 
1,287 
276,363 
34,353 
30,524 



1,159 

2,034 

1,473 

33,200 

1,282 

15,723 

982 

5,728 

738 

16,745 

9,190 

1,306 

156,699 

137 

6,896 

4,063 
170 



366 
95 

102 
1,002 
3,529 



3,861 

4,938 

3,286 

4,481 

2,032 

31 

239 

236 

363 

363 

348 

353 

115 

125 

61 

71 

4,417 

6,304 

4,667 

9,703 

4,326 

7,300 

1,346 

1,682 

691 

721 

4,300 

5,620 



4,803 
21,352 
4,651 
4,555 
520 
4,035 
2,179 
3,778 
2,676 
13,019 

1,279 
2,446 

1,934 
10,573 



5,057 

4,693 

2,369 

748,418 

4,488 

8,371,445 

692 

125 

122 

445 

711 

1,946 

897 

242 

2,111 
1,045,803 

4,774 
2,302,492 

4,746 
4,024,365 
72,762 
192,713 
1,005 
158,472 
20,231 
21,330 



1,199 
2,116 
1,713 

33,732 
1,501 

15,494 
1,200 
4,770 
1,010 

15,217 

7,232 

1,895 

161,945 

116 

2,830 

1,529 

Ul 



710 

225 

250 

1,447 

3,752 



4,070 

6,114 

3,549 

5,201 

2,U9 

40 

230 

150 

259 

264 

182 

182 

121 

U2 

30 

30 

5,152 

6,181 

5,484 

9,239 

5,004 

6,946 

1,496 

1,751 

457 

542 

4,763 

5,759 



5,883 
19,355 
5,753 
5,655 
663 
4,992 
2,799 
4,532 
2,277 
9,168 

601 
1,183 

1,828 
7,985 



6,354 

5,459 

2,305 

568,150 

5,048 

4,494,040 

2,250 

452 

522 

1,276 

1,222 

1,279 

240 

67 

3,070 

957,524 

5,748 

1,769,327 

5,774 

2,507,650 

46,903 

144,171 

1,082 

83,759 

11,443 

11,705 



1,922 
3,120 
2,605 

32,730 
2,324 

1£,898 
1,853 
4,921 
1,577 

U,954 
6,766 
2,774 
173,593 
156 
5,020 

3,363 
273 



1,305 

465 

397 

1,073 

3,255 



3,460 

6,110 

2,994 

4,857 

1,848 

41 

188 

120 

187 

192 

91 

91 

81 

81 

35 

35 

4,433 

5,134 

4,739 

6,660 

4,134 

5,079 

1,17] 

1,286 

265 

295 

4,410 

5,225 



5,7U 
13,621 
5,599 
5,473 
936 
4,537 
2,622 
3,876 
1,401 
4,272 

263 
447 

1,205 
3,325 



6,435 

4,971 

2,S43 

403,912 

4,211 

1,905,785 

2,867 

665 

712 

1,490 

891 

372 

81 

3,174 

756,870 

5,383 

1,046,810 

5,673 

1,643,676 

32,088 

106,573 

727 

50,835 

7,932 

7,418 



1,935 
3,402 
2,812 

27,476 
2,577 

13,698 
2,098 
4,827 
1,866 

13,213 
5,920 
3,178 
153,808 
120 
1,740 

1,195 
45 



1,815 

1,151 

851 

883 

1,677 



2,123 

5,695 

1,700 

3,493 

1,058 

25 

125 

50 

45 

45 

25 

25 

31 

31 

15 

15 

3,549 

3,310 

3,060 

3,753 

2,515 

2,802 

336 

866 

75 

90 

2,943 

3,259 



5,582 
9,765 
5,547 
5,431 
1,136 
4,295 
2,087 
3,002 
501 
1,332 

70 
110 

456 
1,222 



6,222 

3,919 

2,427 

177,667 

2,704 

584,904 

2,453 

1,156 

735 

562 

115 

106 

30 

3,401 
465,115 

3,979 
526,740 

5,281 

831,632 

16,727 

65,982 

510 

24,880 

3,290 

3,635 



2,885 
4,563 
3,109 

18,969 
2,9U 

10,029 
2,453 
4,946 
2,353 

10,686 
5,461 
3,804 
140,223 
105 
1,020 

620 
100 



^Excludes farms reporting expenditures for commercial fertilizer and lime. 



16 



SIZE OF OPERATION BY TYPE OF FARM 



Table l.-FARMS AND FARM CHARACTERISTICS FOR ALLVEGETABLE FARMS. BY ECONOMIC CLASS: 

CENSUS OF 1954-Continued 

[Data are based on reports for only a sample of farms. See text. Statistics for subregions In Table 5~\ 



(For definitions and explanations , see text) 



All 

cannexclal 

fomis 



Livestock and livestock products sold: 

Cattle and calves sold alive farms reporting... 2,168,490 

number... A2, 590, 662 

dollars... -1,219,053,073 

Hogs and pigs sold alive farms reporting... 1,255,555 

number... 56,6<;i,238 

dollars... 2,289,760,716 

Chickens sold farms reporting. . . 921,435 

dollars... 696,321,848 

Chicken eggs sold farms reporting... 1,391,630 

dozens... 2,663,617,211 

dollars... 922,141,662 

Milk sold' pounds . . . 9^710,976,980 

dollars... 3,330,025,237 

Sheep sold farms reporting . . . 259,762 

number... 22,425,250 

dollars... 330,536,753 

ESTIMATED ViLUE OF FARM PRODUCTS SOLD (see text) 

All farm products sold dollars... 24,298,^2,950 

All crops sold dollars... 11,95^X5,301 

Field crops, other than vegetables and fruits 

and nuts, sold dollars... 9,735,818,610 

Vegetables sold dollars. .. 628,498,349 

Fruits and nuts sold dollars... 1,186,848,705 

Horticultural specialties sold dollarBl. . . 403,879,637 

All livestock and livestock products sold dollars... 1^223,361,628 

Dairy products sold dollars... 3,330,025,237 

Poultry and poultry products sold dollars. . . 1,907,376,647 

Livestock and livestock products, other than 

dairy and poultry, sold dollars... 6,985,959,744 

Borest products sold dollars... 120,216,021 

SPECIFIED CROPS HARVESTED 

Com for all purposes farms reporting... 2,300,261 

acres... 74,377,194 

Com harvested for grain farms reporting... 2,046,377 

acres... 63,394,112 

bushels harvested... 2,547,823,454 

bushels sold... 992,119,020 

Sorghum for all purposes except sirup farms reporting... 329,899 

acres ... 17, 112,709 

Sorghum harvested for grain or seed bushels sold... 175,980,777 

Wheat threshed or combined acres... 50,582,348 

bushels harvested... 900,761,498 

bushels sold... 800,412,820 

Spring wheat threshed or combined acres... 14,304,189 

bushels harvested... 166,017,093 

bushels sold... 140,147,001 

Oats threshed or combined acres... 37,312,820 

bushels harvested... 1,301,894,795 

bushels sold... 344,163,274 

Barley threshed or combined farms reporting... 308,436 

acres... 12,440,079 

bushels harvested... 352,824,132 

bushels sold... 235,606,108 

Rye threshed or combined bushels sold... 10,397,747 

Buckwheat threshed or combined bushels sold . . . 970, 191 

Flaxseed threshed or combined bushels sold... 31,332,584 

Rice threshed or ccmbined bushels sold... 142,050,327 

Soybeans harvested for beans bushels... 322,324,503 

Peanuts harvested for picking or threshing pounds. . . 851,977,545 

Lima beans harvested for dry beans 100-lb. bags. . . 2,229,034 

Other dry field beans harvested for beans 100-lb. bags... 8,122,146 

Dry field and seed peas harvested for peas pounds... 281,666,092 

Cotton harvested farms reporting. . . 731,802 

acres... 17,963,656 

bales... 12,516,285 

Popcorn harvested pounds... ■ 156,266,472 

Sugar beets harvested for sugar tons . . . 12,766,368 

Tobacco harvested pounds. . . 1.622.282,965 

Irish potatoes harvested for home use or 

for sale bushels . . . 330, 340, 999 

Sweetpotatoes harvested for home use or 

for sale bushels. . . 23,603,806 

Vegetables harvested for sale farms reporting. . . 228,909 

dollars... 628,498,349 
Land in bearing and nonbearing fruit orchards, groves, 

vineyards, and planted nut trees^ farms reporting... 288,709 

acres... 3,610,183 

Apples^ bushels harvested. . . 107,019,140 

Peaches^ bushels harvested... 55,106,900 



Econcnlc class 



7,368 

119,529 

11,302,335 

3,345 

62,407 

1,813,507 

2,662 
985,755 

4,302 
4,563,832 
1,797,801 

95,242,603 

3,455,041 

923 

14,192 

211,873 



523,038,376 
502,763,311 

54,319,993 

434,957,485 

9,052,038 

4,433,795 

19,880,580 
3,455,041 
2,995,546 

13,429,993 

394,485 



11,984 

182,608 

10,705 

153,965 

5,209,188 

2,581,538 

859 

23,168 

452,404 

54,293 

1,716,131 

1,550,280 

5,965 

180,597 

161,882 

37,044 

1,394,563 

615,830 

1,432 

75,387 

3,028,661 

2,602,293 

135,625 
5,095 

28,878 
65,110 

663, X6 
2,390,245 

150,968 
274,513 

776,384 
1,813 
48,181 
59,006 

344,175 
621,215 

1,133,760 



10,171,670 



1,841,179 



32,581 
434,957,485 



4,656 
46,093 



256,888 
657,263 



711 

66,388 

8,160,047 

236 

10,883 

358,023 

169 
597,497 

182 

1,408,887 

517,554 

42,875,751 

1,726,719 

43 

3,754 

58,626 



379,981,606 
368,314,127 

39,733,475 

319,759,425 

6,201,232 

2,619,995 

11,515,214 
1,726,719 
1,184,711 

8,603,784 

152,265 



665 

43,417 
578 

36,815 
1,736,340 
1,114,100 

103 

13,969 

419,173 

27,667 

959,681 

921,805 

2,852 

91,882 

85,982 

11,667 

492,968 

265,560 

444 

58,800 

2,446,475 

2,181,806 

74,841 
1,500 

23,928 
65,110 

178,770 
715,380 

143,138 
243,653 

736,384 

214 

32,066 

51,559 

9,500 
560,058 



7,252,755 



829,887 



3,751 
319,759,425 



570 
19,451 



113,869 
398,123 



1,008 

15,625 

1,164,617 

339 

14,281 

510,480 

300 
175,575 

419 

1,123,516 

484,460 

25,349,659 
918,565 

247 
5,929 
88,748 



69,252,220 
65,794,134 

7,478,874 

56,056,126 

1,362,039 

897,095 

3,396,426 
918,565 
695,215 

1,782,646 

61,660 



1,365 

30,209 

1,169 

25,733 

1,053,360 

608,240 

49 

960 

14,925 

11,505 

352,850 

316,945 

1,825 

51,865 

50,485 

8,295 

314,095 

145,995 

350 

9,573 
358,811 
290,180 



26,895 
2,650 



3,750 



263,199 
179,360 



7,830 
22,875 



151 
4,717 



220,075 
42,397 



1,702,796 



545,520 

4,480 
56,056,126 

694 
7,830 

58,315 
116,861 



1,164 

13,901 

817,468 

546 

12,334 

365,395 

421 
72,404 

646 
786,540 
295,562 

15,052,962 
437,215 

201 

1,250 

20,865 



35,845,626 
33,712,858 

3,435,383 

28,835,476 

962,494 

479,505 

2,083,663 
437,215 
430,621 

1,215,827 

49,105 



1,615 

28,439 

1,449 

24,006 

834,208 

409,833 

100 
1,680 
10, 176 

6,290 

181,080 

153,805 

455 

16,720 

13,995 

6,243 
233,960 
86,110 
205 
3,250 
94,438 
65,322 

18,200 



1,200 



107,157 
488,175 



191 
3,143 
1,719 



14,310 
196,390 

652,820 

228,830 

5,094 
28,835,476 

706 
6,716 

38,990 
98,1% 



1,493 

11,435 

616,206 

739 

11,312 

292,443 

700 
76,595 

977 
705,774 
273,334 

5,521,685 

199,162 

231 

2,097 

29,040 



22,295,761 
20,697,827 

2,112,667 

18,017,502 

297,228 

270,430 

1,526,839 
199,162 
368,999 

958,678 

71,095 



2,283 
29,063 
2,007 
23,221 
700,660 
286,875 

165 
1,945 
3,250 

4,681 

126,825 

97,115 

468 

8,815 

6,405 

4,042 
143,995 
52,410 
223 
2,259 
83,219 
50,864 

13,460 



77,020 
439,585 



292 
3,175 
1,188 



4,270 
250,620 

332,368 

115,922 

6,384 
13,017,502 

933 
5,524 

21,421 
26,747 



1,609 
7,896 

358,360 

743 

8,660 

191,105 

511 

42,455 

1,027 

381,410 

157,879 

5,032,756 

142,230 

116 

792 

9,549 



11,283,677 
10,315,478 

1,129,225 

8,961,916 

134,137 

90,200 

931,999 
142,230 
218,734 

571,035 

36,200 



2,586 

25,990 

2,371 

22,025 

496,280 

129,330 



211 
2,194 
1,500 

2,770 

67,510 

47,300 

320 

10,240 

4,515 

4,707 

150,470 

58,090 

135 

1,055 

34,733 

13,496 

1,825 
945 



28,560 
421,365 



2,275 



40,000 


... 


520 


445 


3,170 


1,910 


1,220 


650 



101,000 
180 



123,640 



75,850 



6,495 
1,961,916 



922 
4,402 



13,219 
12,436 



1,383 

4,284 

185,637 

742 

4,937 

96,061 

561 

21,229 

1,051 

157,705 

69,012 

1,409,790 

31,150 

85 

370 

5,045 



4,379,486 
3,928,887 

430,369 

3,327,040 

94,908 

76,570 

426,439 
31,150 
97,266 

298,023 

24,160 



3,470 
25,490 

3,131 

22,165 

388,340 

33,160 

231 
2,420 
3,380" 

1,380 

28,185 

13,310 

45 

1,075 

500 

2,090 

59,075 

7,665 

75 

450 

10,985 

625 

404 



8,640 
146,380 



'includes milk equivalent of cream and butterfat sold. ^Does not include data for farms with less than 20 trees or grapevines. See text. 



SUMMARY FOR THE UNITED STATES 



17 



Table l.-FARMS AND FARM CHARACTERISTICS FOR ALL VEGETABLE FARMS, BY ECONOMIC CLASS- 
CENSUS OF 1954-Conlinued 

[bata are based on reports for only a sample of farms. See text. Statistics for subregions Ijl Table 5] 



Item 
(For definitions and explanations, see text) 



All 

commercial 

fams 



EconoDiic class 



SPECIFIH) CHOPS HARVESTED— Continued 

Alfalfa and alfalfa mixtures cut for hay (and for 

dehydrating ) acres . . . 

tons. . . 
tons sold... 

Clover, timothy, and mixtures of clover and grasses 

cut for hay acres.. . 

tons . . , 
tons sold.. . 

Lespedeza cut for hay acres... 

tons . . . 
tons sold... 

Vetch or peas, alone or mixed with oats or other grains, 
cut for hay ( res... 

tons. . . 
tonf sold . . . 

Oats, wheat, barley, rye, or other small grains 

cut for hay acres . . 

tons.. . 
tons sold . . . 

Wild hay cut acres.. . 

tons.. . 
tons sold . . . 

Grass silage made from grasses, alfalfa, clover, 

or small grains acres. . . 

tons, green weight... 

Other hay cut acres, . . 

tons. .. 
tons sold . . . 

Nursery products sold dollars... 

Cut flowers, potted plants, florist greens, and 
bedding plants sold dollars... 

Vegetables grown under glass, flower seeds, vegetable seeds, 
vegetable plants, bulbs, and mushrooms sold dollars... 



25,352,943 

54,115,556 

9,475,922 



15,672,584 

22,367,533 

1,411,929 

2,813,741 

2,458,220 

135,283 



48,309 
85,368 
9,661 



4,163,669 

4,632,385 

295,045 

12,106,511 

9,328,205 

618,625 



1,158,671 
6,759,132 

4,643,189 

4,814,116 

360,480 

138,077,412 



208,777,391 



64,925 
195,976 

109,532 



35,028 
51,194 
14,748 

6,561 

6,871 

260 



595 

1,115 
70 



18,326 
22,019 
4,056 

1,997 

2,030 

134 



2,727 
17,392 

15,191 
19,367 
5,545 

169,125 



1,503,329 
2,761,341 



31,448 
118,284 
83,120 



8,259 

13,600 
7,218 



715 
820 



60 

150 

50 



5,874 
8,031 
2,093 

162 
109 
14 



1,497 
8,961 

-.,652 
8,427 
4,653 

65,250 



686,599 
1,868,146 



10,908 

32,012 
1J,892 



7,402 
12,737 
4,155 

1,645 

1,905 

150 



490 

905 

20 



3,616 

4,283 

548 

420 
295 
70 



425 

2,081 

2,385 

3,233 

535 

41,750 



370,380 
484,965 



6,559 
15,335 
5,175 



5,086 
7,255 
1,570 

563 
679 



2,027 

2,611 

830 

175 

275 

10 



480 
4,405 

1,870 

2,053 

161 



257,115 



7,960 
16,315 

5,015 



5,259 
7,584 
1,175 

843 
987 



2,635 

3,565 

390 

765 
886 
15 



135 
820 

2,103 

1,821 

15 



129,610 



5,905 
10,745 
2,105 



5,117 

6,081 

390 

1,365 

1,180 

40 



2,404 
2,089 

170 

275 

255 

25 



115 
750 

2,406 

2,413 

160 



2,145 

3,285 

225 



3,905 

3,937 

240 

1,430 

1,300 

70 



1,770 

1,440 

25 

200 
210 



75 
375 

1,775 

1,420 

20 

2,075 



21,475 



18 



SIZE OF OPERATION BY TYPE OF FARM 



Table l.-FARMS AND FARM CHARACTERISTICS FOR ALL FRIIIT-AND-NUT FARMS, 
BY ECONOMIC CLASS: CENSUS OF 1954 

[Data are based on reports for only a sample of farms. See text. Statistics for subreglons InTable 6] 



Item 
(For definitions and explanations, see text) 



All 

conmercial 

farms 



Economic class 



FtBlE, ACBEtOE, AND VALUE 

Faraa number... 

Percent distribution percent. . . 

Laod ID farna acres.. . 

Percent distribution percent. . . 

Average size of farm acres... 

Valae of land aod buildiags: 

Average per farm dollars... 

Average per acre dollars . . . 

Laad Id faraa aecordiag to uae; 

Cropland harvested farms reporting... 

acres.. . 

Percent distribution percent. . . 

Cropland used onl^ for pasture. farms reporting. . . 

acres . . . 

Cropland not harvested and not pastured farms reporting... 

acres .. . 

Woodland pastured farms reporting . . . 

acres. .. 
Woodland not pastured farms reporting. . . 

acres. .. 
Other pasture (not cropland 
and not woodland ) farms reporting. . . 

acres. . . 
Improved (see text).. farms reporting... 

acres . .' . 
Other land (house lots, roads, 
wasteland, etc.) farms reporting... 

acres . . . 
Cropland, total farms reporting. . . 

acres . . . 
Land pastured, total farms reporting... 

acres . . . 
Vtoodland, total farms reporting . . . 

acres . . . 
Irrigated land in farms farms reporting. . . 

acres . . . 



RESIDENCE OF FARM OPERATOR 

Residing on farm operated operators reporting. 

Not residing on farm operated operators reporting. 

Operators not reporting residence number . 

FARJC BY SIZE 

Uhder 10 acres number. 

10 to 29 acres number . 

30 to A9 acres number. 

50 to 69 acres number. 

70 to 99 acres number. 

100 to 139 acres number. 

L40 to 179 acres number . 

180 to 219 acres number . 

220 to 259 acres number . 

260 to 499 acres number . 

500 to 999 acres number . 

1,000 acres and over number. 

FAHU OPERATORS BY COLOR AND TENURE 

All fara operators: 

Owners, part owners, and managers number. 

All tenants .number. 

Croppers number. 

All white operatora: 

Owners, part owners, and managers number. 

All tenants number. 

Croppers ....•*.••.•••••.• •• .number. 

All BODwhite operators: 

Owners, part owners, and managers number . 

All tenants number. 

Croppers number. 

FARU OPERATORS BY AGE 

Under 25 years operators reporting, 

25 to 34 years operators reporting . 

35 to 44 years operators reporting. 

45 to 54 years operators reporting . 

55 to 64 years operators reporting . 

65 years and over operators reporting. 

OFF-FARM WORK AND CTTHER INCOUE 

Fara operatora.— 

With other income of family exceeding value of farm 

produc ts sold operators repor ting . 

Working off their farms, by days 

worked, total operators reporting. 

None operators reporting. 

1 to 99 days operators reporting. 

100 to 199 days operators reporting . 

200 days or more operators reporting. 



1,032,493,352 

XXX 

310.3 

25,437 
83.07 

3,148,874 
321,586,517 

XXX 

1,412,539 

57,506,468 

889,841 

52,491,969 

1,057,059 

94,424,817 

919,891 

55,836,567 

1,488,954 

415,276,760 

311,862 

16,094,374 

2,982,199 

35,370,254 

3,224,297 

431,584,954 

2,602,192 

567,208,045 

1,616,252 

150,261,384 

264,488 

29,033,584 



3,055,919 

202,894 

69,076 



145,400 
351,398 
271,523 
211,758 
368,902 
391,913 

403,032 
231,719 
190,412 
451,921 
182,550 
127,361 



2,368,210 
959,679 
241,882 



2,271,292 

719,195 

95,132 



96,918 
240,484 
146,750 



72,001 
459,899 
776,985 
809,004 
668,587 
477,841 



359,188 

1,113, oar 

2,155,510 
679,443 
136,920 
296,722 



82,096 

100.0 

9,795,528 

100.0 
119.3 

46,252 
432.28 

82,091 

3,625,270 

100.0 

12,772 

468,703 

21,571 

522,611 

9,457 

1,426,408 

17,074 

1,262,990 

13,083 

1,639,960 

4,526 

234,545 

65,509 
849,386 

82,091 
4,616,734 

26,106 
3,535,071 

23,858 
2,689,398 

42,053 
1,592,755 



63,264 
12,544 
1,288 



10,660 

25,585 

13,851 

7,170 

7,198 

5,330 

3,353 
1,852 
1,315 
3,308 
1,510 
964 



78,604 

3,492 

106 



76,553 

2,899 

101 



2,051 

593 

5 



576 
5,850 
13,899 
19,280 
20,266 
18,541 



21,415 

33,383 

47,518 

11,154 

4,799 

17,930 



10,675 
13.0 

4,841,710 
49.4 
453.6 

162,497 
392.21 

10,675 

1,751,997 

48.3 

1,396 

206,998 

2,659 

193,412 

1,062 
731,641 

2,364 
434, 974 

2,002 

1,125,309 

853 

140,850 

8,998 

397,379 

10,675 

2,152,407 

3,566 

2,063,948 

2,972 

1,166,615 

7,120 

377,081 



8,262 

2,213 

200 



55 

780 

886 

930 

1,436 

1,428 

1,082 
744 
503 

1,327 
853 
651 



10,215 
460 

1 



10,015 
367 



200 
93 



61 
1,108 
2,337 
2,704 
2,342 
1,509 



761 

2,462 
8,093 
1,058 
301 
1,103 



15,330 
18.7 

1,849,219 
18.9 
120.6 

55,059 

511.31 

15,330 
775,184 
21.4 
2,280 
83,910 
3,873 
89,419 

1,553 
295,600 

3,112 
259,283 

2,574 

195,590 

1,113 

38,881 

12,455 

150,233 

15,330 

948,513 

4,667 

575,100 

4,461 

554,883 

9,275 

337, 642 



12,548 

2,557 

225 



475 
3,145 
3,505 
2,085 
1,990 
1,431 

771 
391 
349 
753 
268 
167 



14,502 
82S 
20 



13,957 
623 
20 



545 
205 



129 
1,323 
2,964 
3,826 
3,671 
2,702 



2,021 

5,188 

10,022 

2,263 

763 

2,162 



16,367 
19.9 

1,188,223 
12.1 
72.6 

33,462 

495.18 

16,367 

492,672 

13.6 

2,242 

61,247 
4,055 
79,143 

1,636 
159,937 

3,031 
163,533 

2,441 

127,692 

916 

24,663 

13,142 

103,944 

16,367 

633,067 

4,759 
348,926 

4,127 
323,520 

9,123 
195,315 



13,356 

2,779 

232 



1,040 
6,190 
3,750 
1,425 
1,320 
895 

565 
246 
206 
435 
174 
71 



15,599 

766 

15 



15,129 
618 

10 



470 

150 

5 



141 
1,148 
2,800 
3,997 
4,073 
3,436 



3,947 

7,165 
9,132 
2,454 
1,135 
3,576 



16,676 
20.6 

907,740 
9.3 
53.3 

23,021 
446.16 

16,376 
321,266 
8.9 
2,486 
43,024 
4,341 
61,613 

1,895 

108,883 

3,273 

177,720 

2,417 

93,474 

735 

15,455 

12,954 

96,760 

16,876 

430,903 

5,116 

250,361 

4,621 

286,603 

8,102 

111,878 



14,085 

2,560 

231 



2,575 
7,445 
2,640 
1,235 
1,076 
641 

430 
171 
127 
367 
102 
47 



16,266 
610 
20 



16,046 
575 
20 



220 
35 



145 
1,190 
2,608 
3,822 
4,253 
4,100 



6,157 

8,447 
6,322 
2,176 
1,297 
4,974 



15,853 
19.3 

680,957 

7.0 

43.0 

13,071 

442.74 

15,853 

208,253 

5.7 

2,476 

42,454 

4,424 

64,648 

2,011 

81,762 

3,421 

151,466 

2,355 

64,428 

613 

8,496 

12,355 

67,941 

15,853 

315,360 

5,109 

188,644 

4,874 

233,228 

6,506 

56,641 



13,548 

2,065 

240 



4,345 

6,005 

2,120 

950 

896 

620 

320 
170 
85 
246 
76 
20 



15,303 

550 

15 



15,027 

485 

15 



276 
65 



65 
941 
2,556 
3,813 
4,126 
3,705 



8,529 

9,205 
6,560 
1,787 
1,303 
6,115 



SUMMARY FOR THE UNITED STATES 

Table 1 -FARMS AND FARM CHARACTERISTICS FOR ALL FRUITANDNUT FARMS, BY ECONOMIC CLASS- 
CENSUS OF 1954-Continued 

CPata are baaed on reports for only a sample of farma. See text. Statlstios for subregions in Table el 



19 



(For definitions and explanations, see text) 



FASatS BY CLASS OF WORK POWER 

No tractor, horses, or mules farms reporting... 

No tractor and only 1 horse or mule farms reporting . . . 

No tractor and 2 or more horses and/or mules farms reporting... 

Tractor and horses and/or mules farms reporting. . . 

Tractor and no horses or mules farms reporting... 

SPECIFIED FACIUTIES AND EQUIPMENT 

Telephone farms reporting. . . 

Electricity farms reporting. . . 

Television set farms reporting... 

Piped running water. farms reporting. . . 

Home freezer farms reporting . . . 

Electric pig brooder farms reporting . . . 

Power feed grinder farms reporting. . . 

Milking machine farms reporting. . . 

Grain combines farms reporting. . . 

number . . . 
Com pickers farms reporting... 

number . . . 
Pick-up hay balers farms reporting. .. 

number . . . 
Field forage harvesters farms reporting . . . 

number . . . 
Motortrucks farms reporting. . . 

number . . . 
Tractors farms reporting 

number . . . 
Wheel tractors otiier than garden farms reporting 

number . . . 
Garden tractors farms reporting. . . 

number . . . 
Crawler tractors farms reporting... 

number . . . 
Automobiles farms reporting. . . 

number . . . 
FARM LABOR 

Week of Sept. 26-Oct. 2 and/or Oct. 24-30: 

Family and/or hired workers farms reporting. . . 

persons . . . 

Family workers, including operator farms reporting 

Operators working 1 hour or msre persons 

1 to 14 hours persons . . . 

15 hours or more persons . . . 

Unpaid members of operator's family farms reporting... 

persons . . . 

Hired workers farms reporting... 

persons . . . 
Regular workers (to be employed 

150 days or more) farms reporting... 

persons . . . 
Seasonal workers (to be employed 

less than 150 days) farms reporting. . . 

persons . . . 
SPECIFIED FARM EXPENDITURES 

Specified farm expenditures^ farms reporting. . . 

Machine hire and/or hired labor farms reporting... 

Machine hire farms reporting... 

dollars. . . 

Hired labor farms reporting 

dollars . . . 

$1 to $499 farms reporting . . . 

$1 to $99 farms reporting... 

$100 to $199 farms reporting... 

$200 to $499 farms reporting... 

$500 to $999 farms reporting... 

$1,000 to $2,499 farms reporting... 

$2,500 to $4,999 farms reporting... 

$5,000 and over farms reporting. . . 

Feed for livestock and poultry farms reporting. . . 

dollars. . . 

Gasoline and other petroleum fuel and oil farms reporting... 

dollars . . . 
Commercial fertilizer and 

fertilizing material farms reporting.. . 

dollars . . . 

tons. . . 

acres on which used . . . 

Lime and liming material f amis reporting 

dollars . . . 
tons . . . 
«cres on which used... 
LIVESTOCK AND LIVESTOCK PRODUCTS 

Livestock on hand: 

Horses and mules farms reporting . . . 

number . . . 

All cattle and calves farms reporting . . . 

number . . . 
Cows, including heifers that have calved. . .farms reporting... 

number . . . 

Milk cows ..farms reporting... 

number . . . 

All hogs and pigs. farms reporting. . . 

number. . . 

Born before June 1 number . . . 

Chickens 4 months old and over farms reporting... 

number . , . 

Sheep, total farms reporting. . . 

number . . . 
Number 1 year and over : 

Ewes number. . . 

Ram« BnH wethers number . . . 



All 

commercial 
farms 



496,839 
135,364 
330,922 
856,118 
1,506,646 



1,745,567 

3,120,327 

1,204,223 

2,023,700 

1,189,542 

109,332 

668,851 

686,327 

896,010 

950,341 

662,654 

674,182 

426,979 

431, 94A 

193,503 

197,628 

1,773,239 

2,223,443 

2,398,698 

4,127,764 

2,340,870 

3, 750, 125 

223,851 

233, 562 

115,662 

144,077 

2,479,206 

3,199,713 



3,129,241 
7,936,196 
3,084,012 
3,029,184 

496,571 
2, 532, 613 
1,421,260 
2,291,735 

697,337 
2,615,277 

323,208 
670,934 

458,384 
1,944,343 



3,308,888 

2,690,305 

2,073,506 

602,982,131 

1,944,892 

2,214,180,127 

1,285,814 

529,493 

330,778 

425,543 

236,747 

242,875 

99,170 

80,286 

2,551,473 
3,681,510,455 

2,665,693 
1,312,642,381 

2,294,541 

1,023,734,322 

17,765,047 

116,120,634 

450,834 

64,967,578 

16,208,244 

'9,762,231 



1,324,404 

3,262,489 

2,626,959 
88,843,964 

2,529,921 
41,969,236 

2,166,476 
18,663,736 

1,792,467 
54,963,546 
27,718,057 

2,406,330 

340,361,825 

303,556 

30,176,438 

18,222,016 
1,087,822 



Economic class 



23,675 
2,482 
2,034 
8,638 

45,267 



60,076 
76,843 
41,713 
71,176 

30,017 
505 
2,509 
2,369 
2,519 

970 

996 

2,075 

2,099 

670 

736 

51,004 

79,725 

56,004 

94,941 

46, 502 

66,798 

8,221 

8,644 

16,033 

19,499 

64,958 

101,900 



69,602 
377,278 
64,240 
62,583 
12,019 
50,564 
22,137 
31,956 
35,401 
282,739 

15,228 
49,694 

27,853 
233,045 

81,861 

76,309 

4S,354 

24,443,622 

69,608 

259,150,735 

21,354 

4,312 

5,028 

12,014 

11,350 

15,421 

9,377 

12,106 

28,059 

16,472,849 

62,686 

,30,783,554 

61,398 

51,736,826 

908,091 

2,493,162 

8,581 

2,333,875 

325,435 

314,385 



13.154 
27,023 
23,563 

560,063 
20, 670 

275, 188 
16,077 
61,955 
9,862 
98,809 
42,703 
25,347 
1,997,999 
2,425 

125,440 

34,782 
4,254 



1,048 

25 

52 

1,821 

7,729 



9,506 

10,301 

6,7U 

10,069 

5,708 

133 

731 

458 

776 

870 

314 

330 

735 

750 

284 

329 

9,338 

26,363 

9,593 

28,726 

8,470 

19,369 

1,528 

1,683 

5,198 

7,674 

9,726 

27,331 



10,074 
154,194 
8,585 
8,425 
1,024 
7,401 
2,290 
3,759 
8,843 
142,010 

7,092 
36,423 

5,988 
105,587 



10,537 

10, 589 

6,447 

10,215,711 

10,453 

166,307,076 

165 

10 

27 

128 

157 

764 

1,520 

7,847 

3,260 

6,291,542 

9,761 

15,212,861 

9,4B9 

29,457,166 

527, 510 

1,372,312 

1,945 

1,435,749 

203,134 

195,467 



1,898 

6,516 

3,160 

286, 731 

2,704 

141,665 

1,751 

15,801 

1,154 

32,609 

14,540 

2,273 

337,383 

436 

44,805 

29,089 
1,207 



2,926 

76 

159 

1,775 

10,394 



12,594 

14,437 

8,315 

14,019 

6,875 

127 

564 

678 

754 

734 

313 

313 

598 

599 

153 

173 

11,446 

17, 572 

12,345 

21,552 

10,230 

15,164 

1,502 

1,562 

4,302 

4,826 

13,313 

20,437 



13,463 
80,039 
12,304 
12,025 
1,478 
10,547 
4,440 
6,528 
9,164 
61,336 

4,296 

7,730 

7,074 
53, 656 



15,400 

15,165 

9,510 

5,335,454 

14,629 

49,901,251 

1,109 

106 

229 

774 

1,460 

3,895 

4,662 

3,502 

4,777 

3,889,590 

U,080 

6,694,794 

12,786 

10,363,390 

174,638 

507,705 

2,066 

425,113 

58,154 

54,806 



2,010 
4,426 
4,34A 
107,494 
3,790 

52,441 
2,761 

13,679 
1,461 

21,461 

8,207 

4,173 

505,209 

536 

37,302 



24,909 
1,150 



4,353 

160 

251 

1,630 

9,973 



12,598 

15,377 

8,550 

14,647 

6,038 

80 

443 

621 

453 

463 

213 

218 

460 

460 

107 

113 

10,565 

13,565 

11,882 

15,951 

9,879 

12,300 

1,302 

1,340 

3,044 

3,311 

13,546 

18,333 



13,923 
57,102 
12,992 
12,661 
2,159 
10,502 
4,877 
7,198 
7,029 
37,243 

1,930 
2,950 

5,337 
34,293 

16, 352 

15,789 

10,258 

4,062,549 

14,317 

23,520,786 

2,968 

417 

523 

2,023 

2,961 

6,043 

2,273 

572 

5,326 

2,655,230 

13,180 

4,285,530 

12,682 

5,741,849 

97,776 

289,236 

1,698 

249,895 

32,517 

32,163 



2,041 
4,485 
4,283 

65,639 
3,751 

32,072 
2,973 

11,021 
1,756 

17,084 

7,508 

4,764 

430, 155 

491 

21,973 

16,341 
349 



5,880 

428 

461 

1,613 

8,494 



11,839 

15,607 

8,109 

14,533 

5,320 

75 

334 

415 

298 

333 

75 

75 

165 

173 

61 

61 

9,192 

10,663 

10,502 

13,508 

8,624 

9,887 

1,402 

1,437 

1,990 

2,134 

12,379 

16,614 



13,776 

43,555 

12,875 

12,549 

2,783 

9,756 

4,656 

6,445 

5,576 

24,550 

1,037 
1,489 

4,317 
23,071 



16,834 

15,876 

10, 147 

2,757,046 

14,383 

11,928,247 

6,080 

953 

1,304 

3,823 

4,036 

3,546 

591 

130 

5,793 

1,808,294 

12,336 

2,644,759 

11,962 

3,655,667 

62,726 

175,761 

1,466 

124,015 

17,336 

17,227 



2,502 
4,000 
4,696 

49,531 
4,071 

24,342 
3,315 
9,755 
1,978 

12,635 

4,916 

5,440 

306,005 

465 

11,897 

3,727 
541 



6,498 

351 

541 

1,399 

6,564 



10,184 

14,716 

7,162 

13,140 

4,590 

70 

197 

167 

198 

198 

40 

45 

92 

92 

35 

35 

7,841 

8,713 

8,749 

10,749 

6,972 

7,585 

1,812 

1,862 

1,247 

1,302 

11,612 

14,658 



12,565 
31,736 
11,854 
11,428 
3,199 
8,229 
4,135 
5,703 
3,823 
14,655 

604 
802 

3,364 
13,853 

15,763 

13,966 

3,986 

1,773,113 

11,703 

5,654,655 

8,019 

1,631 

1,940 

4,443 

2,415 

990 

234 

45 

5,695 

1, 339, 165 

10,497 

1,487,450 

10,346 
1,934,750 
35,862 
112,038 
1,028 
73,058 
10,349 
11,637 



2,791 
4,676 
4,502 

34,301 
3,992 

16,833 
3,242 
7,854 
2,069 

10,063 
4,775 
5,399 
249, 161 
392 
7,658 

4,651 
437 



2,970 
942 
570 
400 

2,113 



3,355 

6,405 

2,363 

4,718 

1,486 

20 

90 

30 

40 

40 

15 

15 

25 

25 

25 

25 

2,622 

2,349 

2,933 

3,455 

2,327 

2,493 

575 

710 

252 

252 

3,882 

4,527 



5,300 
10,502 
5,630 
5,495 
1,376 
4,119 
1,689 
2,222 
966 
2,385 

219 
300 

773 
2,585 

6,870 

4,924 

3,006 

294,749 

3,623 

1,338,710 

3,013 

1,195 

1,000 

818 

321 

182 

97 

10 

3,208 
439,028 

3,832 
458,160 

4,133 

534,004 

9,529 

36,110 

377 

25,045 

3,445 

3,085 



1,912 
2,920 
2,578 
15,317 
2,362 
7,835 
2,030 
3,845 
1,444 
4,957 
2,657 
3,298 
120,030 
105 
1,805 

1,065 
70 



Excludes farms reporting expenditures for commercial fertilizer and lime. 



20 



SIZE OF OPERATION BY TYPE OF FARM 



Table 1.-FARMS AND FARM CHARACTERISTICS FOR ALL FRUIT-AND-NUT FARMS, BY ECONOMIC CLASS: 

CENSUS OF 1954-Conlinued 

[Data are based on reports for only a sajuple of farms. See text. Statistics for sutregions in Table 6 J 



Item 
(For definitlcms and explanations, see text) 



All 

ccnmerclal 

fBxms 



EcoDcmlc class 



Livestock and livestock products sold: 

Cattle and calves sold alive farms reporting... 

number . . . 
dollars . . . 

Hogs and pigs sold alive farms reporting... 

number . . . 
dollars . . . 

Chickens sold farms reporting . . . 

dollars . . . 

Chicken eggs sold .farms reporting. . . 

dozens . . . 

dollars... 

Milk sold^ pounds. . . 

dollars . . . 

Sheep sold farms reporting . . . 

number. . . 

dollars . . . 

ESTIMATED VALUE OF FARM PRODUCTS SOLD {see text) 
All farm products sold dollars . . . 

All crops sold dollars . . . 

Field crops, other than vegetables and fruits 

and nuts, sold dollars... 

Vegetables sold dollars... 

Fruits and nuts sold dollars . . . 

Horticultural specialties sold dollars . . . 

All livestock and livestock products sold dollars... 

Dairy products sold dollars... 

Poultry and poultry products sold dollars . . . 

Livestock and livestock products, other than 
dairy and poultry, sold dollars... 

Forest products sold dollars . . . 

SPECIFIED CROPS HARVESTED 

Com for all purposes farms reporting. . . 

acres. . . 

Com harvested for grain farms reporting . . . 

acres . . . 

bushels harvested... 

bushels sold... 

Sorghum for all purposes except for sirup farms reporting... 

acres... 
Sorghum harvested for grain or seed bushels sold... 

Wheat threshed or combined acres... 

bushels harvested... 
bushels sold... 

Spring wheat threshed or combined acres . . . 

bushels harvested... 
bushels sold . . . 

Oats threshed or combined acres . . . 

bushels harvested..! 
bushels sold.., 

Barley threshed or combined , farms reporting... 

acres. . . . 

bushels harvested... 

bushels sold... 

Rice threshed or combined bushels sold . . . 

Soybeans harvested for beans bushels... 

Soybeans cut for hay tons . . . 

Cowpeas harvested for peas bushels . . . 

Cowpeas cut for hay tons. . 

Peanuts harvested for nuts pounds... 

Lima beans harvested for dry beans 100-lb. bags... 

Other dry field beans harvested for beans lOC-lb. bags... 

Cotton harvested farms reporting.., 

acres. . , 
bales. . , 

Sugar beets harvested for sugar tons . . , 

Tobacco harvested pounds. . , 

Irish potatoes harvested for home use or 
for sale bushels. .. 

Sweetpotatoes harvested for home use or 
for sale bushels . . , 

Vegetables harvested for sale farms reporting . . 

dollars . . 

Land in bearing and nonbearing fruit orchards, groves, 

vineyards, and planted nut trees^ farms reporting.,, 

acres... 

Apples^ bushels harvested . . , 

Peaches^ bushels harvested... 



2,168,^90 

42,590,662 

4,219,053,073 

1,255,555 

56,641,238 

2,289,760,716 

921,435 

696,321,848 

1,391,630 

2,663,617,211 

922,141,662 

93,710,976,980 

3,330,025,237 

259,762 

22,425,250 

330,536,753 



24,298,62^.950 

11,955,045,301 

9,735,818,610 

623,498,349 

1,186,848,705 

403,879,637 

12,223,361,628 
3,330,025,237 
1,907,376,647 

6,985,959,744 

120,216,021 



2,300,261 

74,377,194 

2,046,377 

63,394,112 

2,547,823,454 

992,119,020 

329,899 

17,112,709 

175,980,777 

50,582,348 
900,761,498 
800,412,820 

14,304,189 
166,017,093 
140,147,001 

37,312,820 

1,301,894,795 

344,163,274 

308,436 

12,440,079 

352,824,132 

235,606,103 

U2,050,327 
322,324,503 

737,530 
979,625 

117,769 
851,977,545 

2,229,034 
8,122,146 

731,302 
17,963,656 
12,516,285 
12,766,363 

1,822,282,985 



330,340,999 



23,603,306 

228,909 
628,498,349 



288,709 
3,610,183 



107,019,140 
55,106,900 



14,004 

219,780 

17,137,191 

4,513 

39,893 

2,973,465 

5,571 

1,626,853 

9,173 

12,356,227 

5,071,029 

210,276,318 

7,910,250 

1,710 

71,372 

1,026,184 



1,182,923,181 

1,144,643,161 

29,742,909 

15,922,918 

1,095,417,633 

3,559,696 

36,916,897 
7,910,250 
7,239,524 

21,767,123 

1,363,123 



11,252 

132,278 

9,843 

110,050 

3,932,981 

1,466,140 

665 

8,008 
109,205 

62,533 

1,690,540 

1,378,541 

4,669 

138,880 

108,629 

72,769 

2,603,160 

1,009,769 

2,352 

75,665 
2,546,310 
1,903,069 

158,993 
142,352 

3,009 
5,079 

1,315 

318,613 

236, 5U 
182,110 

2,035 
35 ,096 
41,975 
96,495 

338,214 



2,785,460 



379,410 



8,938 
15,922,918 



72,294 
2,656,544 



97,612,763 
48,412,885 



2,442 

124,231 

10,956,524 

746 

37,348 

1,408,301 

637 
689,137 

797 
3,511,247 
1,426,034 

85,543,476 

3,731,256 

325 

29,649 

440,933 



701,336,953 

681,559,083 

13,651,168 

9,454,420 

650,844,604 

2,603,891 

19,245,337 
3,731,256 
2,500,909 

13,013,172 

532,533 



1,400 

43,906 

1,215 

36,003 

1,520,926 

697,700 

72 
3,077 
77,050 

23,513 

703,. 

643,915 

1,333 

44,325 

42,240 

25,758 

1,030,240 

450,389 

652 

42,563 

1,536,015 

1,173,928 

130,899 
53,427 

732 
2,815 

589 
495,133 

208,103 
129,555 

420 
19,970 
27,228 
93,125 

123 ,022 



200,033 



1,038 
9,454,420 



10,189 
1,364,118 

70,382,180 

27,770,207 



2,894 
42,262 

3,071,779 

391 

19,412 

669,062 

1,170 
433,434 

1,851 
3,916,343 
1,573,567 

58,286,731 

2,144,367 

406 

19,021 

282,964 



246,557,142 

237,765,534 

5.667,217 

3,177,884 

223,456,918 

463,565 

8,386,759 
2.144,867 
2,042.021 

4,199,871 

404,799 



1,773 

28,632 

1,577 

23,707 

891,025 

297,265 

81 
1,713 
13,723 

15,342 

429,329 

349,658 

1,148 

36,195 

30,924 

19,171 

681,675 

231,145 

659 

19,000 
603,315 
438,410 

13,155 
24,690 

472 
440 

37 
90,500 

23,645 
29,125 

443 
7,444 
8,923 
2,015 



235,013 



1,733 
3,177,884 



14,396 
556,016 



16,432,065 
12,179,082 



2,772 

24,359 

1,623,828 

900 

15,151 

452,465 

1,165 
282,367 

1,808 
3,062,487 
1,168,218 

36,500,776 

1,186,750 

358 

11,902 

151,505 



127,757,375 

122,544,438 

3,161,345 

1,671,244 

117,605,939 

105,410 

5,014,609 
1,136,750 
1,492,419 

2,335,440 

193,323 



1,957 

22,268 

1,669 

17,600 

612,712 

229,000 

111 

1,903 

15,768 

12,776 

301,475 

237,335 

1,193 

31,925 

22,705 

14,170 
468,190 
188 ,410 
498 
9,109 
267,855 
206,829 

14,944 
39,125 

385 
675 

109 
138,750 

2,705 
15,270 



451 
4,184 
3,723 
1,355 



137,177 



1,819 

1,671,244 



14,839 
340,676 



5,677,759 
5,470,171 



2,469 

15,647 

891,597 

858 

9,709 

264,092 

1,156 
114,795 

1,799 

1,360,895 

511,765 

19,585,870 

567,800 

315 

5,740 
78,717 



69,334,226 

66,705,255 

1,415,477 

974,230 

64,168,198 

147,350 

2,505,274 
567,800 
660,455 

1,277,019 

123,697 



2,181 
16,582 
1,916 
14,520 
487,063 
171,160 

141 

645 

2,589 

6,205 

151,713 

93,003 

610 

15,325 

8,995 

7,330 

248,640 

96 ,240 

326 

3,340 

93,516 

63,904 



40O 
599 



395 
33,250 



2,060 
6,030 



321 
1,983 
1,341 



38,833 



33,880 



1,777 
974,230 



14,823 
213,373 



2,937,094 
2,067,615 



2,257 

10,203 

506,876 

763 

6,108 

130,605 

1,027 
90,756 

1,783 
798,925 
303,195 

1,739,935 

241,268 

231 

4,005 

58,285 



32,358,190 

30,857,808 

620,887 

499,940 

29,659,441 

77,540 

1,416,526 
241,268 
440,516 

734,742 

83,856 



2,118 
11,493 

1,833 

10,065 

265,275 

63 ,035 

130 

305 

75 

3,747 
84,375 
44,695 
280 
8,210 
2,665 

4,350 
135,810 
36,910 
192 
1,533 
41,709 
24,493 



415 
395 



370 
27,325 



230 

1,015 

555 



1,606 
499,940 



12,907 
135,319 



1,365,422 

752,061 



Includes milk equivalent of cream and butterfat sold. 



^Does not include data for farms with less than 20 trees or grapevines. See text. 



SLIMMAKY FOR THE UNITP:D STATES 



21 



Table l.-FARMS AND FARM CHARACTERISTICS FOR ALL FRUIT-AND-NUT FARMS, BY KCONOMIC CLASS: 

CENSUS OF 1%4-Conlinued 

[Data are based on reports for only a sample of farms. See text. Statistics for subregions in Table 6] 



(For deflnltlans and explanations, aee text) 



All 

ccnmerclal 

fauna 



Ecoucnilc claaa 



SPECIFIED CROPS HARVESTED— Continued 

Alfalfa and alfalfa mixtures cut for hay (and for 

dehydrating ) acres . . . 

tons . . . 
tons sold . . . 
Clover, timothy, and mixtures of clover and grasses 

cut for hay acres . . . 

tons . . . 
tons sold. . . 

Lespedeza cut for hay acres . . . 

tons... 
tons sold . . . 
Vetch or peas, alone or mixed with oats or other grains, 

cut for hay acres. . . 

tons . . . 
tons sold . . . 
Oats, wheat, barley, rye, or other small grains 

cut for hay acres.. . 

tons . . . 
tons sold . . . 

Wild hay cut acres. .. 

tons . . . 
tons sold . . . 
Grass silage made from grasses, alfalfa, clover, 

or small grains acres . . . 

tons, green weight... 

Other hay cut acres . . . 

tons. . . 
tons sold. . . 

Nursery products sold • • dollars.. . 

Cut flowers, potted plants, florist greens, and 

bedding plants sold dollars . . . 

Vegetables grown under glass, flower seeds, vegetable seeds, 
vegetable plants, bulbs, and mushrooms sold dollars... 



25,352,943 
54,115,556 
9,475,922 

15,672,584 

22,367,533 

1,411,929 

2,813,741 

2,458,220 

135,283 

43,309 
85,368 
9,661 

4,163,669 
4,632,385 

295,045 
12,106,511 
9,328,205 

618,625 

1,158,671 
6,759,132 
4,643,189 
4,814,116 
360,480 
138,077,412 

208,777,391 

57,024,834 



109,185 
313,544 
122,678 

74,713 
115,410 
18,009 
16,687 
12,008 
160 

2,510 

4,645 

320 

43,131 

56,302 

9,000 

5,725 

5,747 

700 

7,024 
46,640 
39,820 
51,051 

9,994 
2,739,843 

372,150 

447,703 



40,259 
138,730 
65,915 

21,992 

35,005 

7,348 

3,496 

3,061 

60 

230 

400 

55 

15,222 
23,723 
4,873 
2,238 
2,344 
405 

4,246 
24,850 
14,838 
22,926 

1,916 
2,125,303 

166,965 



26,618 
78,482 
31,688 

18,163 
31,574 
5,201 
3,241 
2,808 



735 

1,240 

100 

9,606 

11,302 

1,552 

1,115 

830 

125 

1,403 
12,680 
6,252 
7,508 
1,533 
262,650 

123,225 



20,261 
49,239 
16,000 

13,873 

21,132 

1,935 

2,245 

2,049 

10 

515 
925 

160 

6,332 

8,206 

1,041 

570 

701 

90 

870 
5,330 
4,507 
5,796 
1,460 
61,455 

25,235 

18,720 



11,556 
27,388 
5,910 

9,540 
13,604 
2,045 
2,994 
1,805 
75 

570 
1,185 

5 

6,596 

7,396 

655 

312 

562 



260 
1,835 
5,340 
5,841 
1,415 
101,000 

28,575 



7,902 
15,000 
2,335 

6,905 
9,220 
1,225 
2,338 
1,890 
15 

375 

715 



3,425 

3,705 

689 

360 

790 



190 
1,850 
3,860 
3,995 

170 
42,250 

19,895 



2,539 

4,705 

530 

4,240 
4,875 

205 
2,373 

395 



85 
180 



1,900 

1,970 

190 

630 

520 



55 

95 

5,023 

4,985 

3,500 

147,185 

8,255 

1,500 



22 



SIZE OF OPERATION BY TYPE OF FARM 

Table L-FARMS AND FARM CHARACTERISTICS FOR ALL DAIRY FARMS, BY ECONOMIC CLASS: 

CENSUS OF 1954 

foata are based on reports for only a sample of farms. See text. Statistics for subregions in Table 7] 



Item 
(For definitions and explanations, see text) 



All 

commercial 

farms 



Economic class 



FiRlC, 4CREAGE, AND VALUE 

Foras number. 

Percent distribution percent . 

Laod in faraa acres. 

Percent distribution percent. 

Average size of farm acres. 

Vaiae of land and buiidinga: 

Average per farm dollars . 

Average per acre dollars . 

Land in faraa according to uae: 

Cropland harvested farms reporting. 

acres. 

Percent distribution percent. 

Cropland used only for pasture..... farms reporting. 

acres . 
Cropland not harvested and not pastured farms reporting. 

acres . 
Woodland pastured farms reporting. 

acres . 
Woodland not pastured farms reporting. 

acres . 
Other pasture (not cropland 
and not woodland) farms reporting. 

acres. 
Ingiroved (see text).^ farms reporting. 

acres . 
Other land (house lots, roads, 
wasteland, etc.) farms reporting. 

acres . 
Cropland, total farms reporting. 

acres . 
Land pastured, total farms reporting. 

acres. 
Woodland, total farms reporting. 

acres . 
Irrigated land in farms farms reporting. 

acres . 



RESIDENCE OF FARM OPERATOR 

Residing on farm operated operators reporting. 

Not residing on farm operated operators reporting . 

Operators not reporting residence number. 

FARMS BY SIZE 

Ihder 10 acres number . 

10 to 29 acres number . 

30 to A9 acres number. 

50 to 69 acres number. 

70 to 99 acres number. 

100 to 139 acres number . 

L40 to 179 acres number . 

180 to 219 acres number . 

220 to 259 acres number . 

260 to 499 acres number . 

500 to 999 acres number . 

1,000 acres and over number. 

FARM OPERATORS BY COLOR AND TENURE 

411 fara operatora: 

Owners, part owners, and managers number. 

All tenants number . 

Croppers number. 

All white operatora: 

Owners, part owners, and managers number. 

All tenants number. 

Croppers number. 

All nonwhice operatora: 

Owners, part owners, and managers number. 

All tenants number . 

Croppers number . 

FARM OPERATORS BY AGE 

Under 25 years operators reporting . 

25 to 34 years operators reporting . 

35 to 44 years operators reporting. 

45 to 54 years operators reporting. 

55 to 64 years operators reporting . 

65 years and over operators reporting . 

OFF-FARM WORK AND OTHER INCOME 

Fara operatora— 

With other income of family exceeding value of farm 

products sold operators reporting. 

Working off their farms, by days 

worked, total operators reporting. 

None operators reporting . 

1 to 99 days operators reporting. 

100 'to 199 days operators reporting . 

200 days or more operators reporting . 



3,327,889 

XXX 

1,032,493,352 

XXX 

310.3 

25,437 
83.07 

3,148,874 
321,586,517 

XXX 

1,412,539 

57,506,468 

889,841 

52,491,969 

1,057,059 

94,424,817 

919,391 

55,836,567 

1,488,954 

415,276,760 

311,862 

16,094,374 

2,982,199 

35,370,254 

3,224,297 

431,584,954 

2,602,192 

567,208,045 

1,616,252 

150,261,384 

264,483 

29,033,584 



3,055,919 

202,394 

69,076 



145,400 
351,398 
271,523 
211,758 
368,902 
391,913 

403,032 
231,719 
190,412 
451,921 
182,550 
127,361 



2,368,210 
959,679 
241,882 



2,271,292 
719,195 
95,132 



96,918 
240,484 
146,750 



72,001 
459,899 
776,935 
809,004 
668,537 
477,841 



359,138 

1,113,085 

2,155,510 

679,443 

136,920 

296,722 



543,767 
100.0 

97,227,560 
100.0 
177.2 

18,501 
105.34 

520,182 

37,008,239 

100.0 

329,530 

11,280,534 

110,907 

2,896,323 

278,749 

13,797,009 

190,811 

9,146,428 

305,139 

18,031,420 

75,088 

2.171,262 

528,506 

5,067,107 

535,742 

51,1S5,596 

533,121 

43,103,963 

380,965 

22,943,437 

34,290 

2,052,592 



529,657 
12,579 
6,531 



5,664 
16,123 
28,087 
30,937 
84,168 
105,291 

93,010 
57,292 
38,422 
71,435 
15,116 
3,222 



474,413 

74,354 

1,440 



472,637 
73,987 
1,360 



1,776 
367 
80 



9,232 
75,752 
132,204 
135,301 
113,250 
77,466 



55,523 

187,442 
349,083 
110,346 
25,119 
51,977 



11,698 
2.1 

5,947,440 

6.1 

508.4 

95,312 
194.23 

9,708 

1,905,171 

5.1 

7,477 
954,383 

1,971 
166,064 

3,853 
541,823 

4,003 
618,421 

6,328 

1,521,349 

3,072 

341,724 

11,235 

240,229 

10,584 

3,025,618 

11,386 

3,017,555 

6,312 

1,160,244 

3,202 

465,843 



10,117 
339 
742 



370 
405 
211 
173 
391 
676 

634 

749 

824 

3,485 

2,602 

1,178 



9,610 

2,088 

18 



9,590 
2,083 

18 



76,033 
13.9 

20,523,545 

21.1 

269.3 

35,751 
134.52 

73,474 

8,768,694 

23.7 

52,425 
2,572,087 

13,869 
493,268 

32,509 
2,017,733 

31,131 
1,931,982 

44,774 

3,875,456 

16,272 

652,753 

73,373 

864,325 

75,198 

11,834,049 

74,848 

8,465,276 

51,031 

3,949,715 

7,432 

561,186 



72,816 

2,603 

659 



153 
393 
1,006 
1,293 
3,990 
8,486 

12,298 

10,577 

9,316 

22,165 

5,340 

1,061 



60,666 
15,417 

174 



60,551 

15,336 

169 



115 

31 



136 


1,360 


1,872 


13,546 


3,077 


21,144 


3,073 


19,315 


2,148 


13,615 


1,125 


6,142 



156,506 
28.5 

29,636,507 
30.5 
139.4 

20,122 
107.26 

152,616 

12,501,944- 

33.8 

102,451 

3,332,157 

30,080 

764,351 

78,101 

3,701,517 

53,204 

2,596,740 

90,725 

5,242,541 

25,626 

602,761 

151,561 

1,497,257 

155,106 

16,598,452 

154,347 

12,276,215 

110,093 

6,293,257 

9,479 

521,250 



151,584 
3,407 
1,515 



301 

1,290 

3,360 

4,636 

17,402 

33,275 

32,885 
21,788 
13,879 
23,465 
3,681 
544 



130,298 

26,208 

332 



130,093 

26,157 

322 



629 

2,113 

9,340 

1,162 

2U 

737 



2,741 

19,522 

54,840 
14,487 
1,457 
3,573 



205 
51 
10 



3,333 
26,672 
43,725 
40,008 
27,228 
13,952 



7,528 

47,796 

104,909 

32,594 

5,504 

9,693 



153,690 
23.0 

23,436,921 
24.1 
152.5 

12,960 

85.41 

149,174 

8,375,094 

24.0 

90,442 

2,421,184 

31,976 

713,076 

32,558 

3,826,054 

52,187 

2,166,025 

84,823 

4,079,U9 

17,509 

347,503 

148,527 

1,356,369 

151,389 

12,009,354 

151,305 

10,326,357 

109,371 

5,992,079 

7,638 

315,958 



149,072 
2,925 
1,693 



650 

3,030 

6,390 

9,440 

30,300 

35,747 

27,468 
15,208 

9,U3 
13,912 

2,140 
262 



136,075 

17,615 

411 



135,784 

17,550 

381 



291 
65 

30 



2,717 
20,924 
38,033 
39,579 
32,455 
18,572 



17,718 

58,951 
91,326 
31,661 
9,333 
17,957 



102,836 
18.7 

12,993,301 

13.4 
126.3 

8,977 
70.93 

95,645 

3,924,473 

10.6 

54,712 
1,436,672 

23,120 
540,761 

56,305 
2,644,693 

31,785 
1,304,168 

53,734 

2,342,242 

9,101 

166,542 

98,275 

800,292 

99,537 

5,901,906 

100,424 

6,423,607 

71,722 

3,948,861 

5,152 

145,499 



99,726 
1,995 

1,U5 



1,655 
5,770 
9,755 
9,680 
22,310 
20,021 

14,775 
6,990 
4,120 
6,598 
1,033 
129 



93,438 

9,398 

335 



92,908 
9,298 

310 



530 
100 
25 



1,230 
10,484 
21,519 
25,134 
24,651 
18,384 



26,907 

48,408 
52,552 
19,790 
8,611 
20,007 



SUMMARY FOR THE UNITED STATES 



23 



Table l.-FARMS AND FARM CHARACTERISTICS FOR ALL DAIRY FARMS, BY ECONOMIC CLASS: 

CENSUS OF 1954-Conlinued 

[Data are based on reports for only a sample of farms. See text. Sttitistics for subregions in Table 7 ] 



Item 
(For definitions and explanatlonfi, see text) 



All 






Econcmlc class 








canmerclal 






























fame 


Total 


Class I 


Class II 


Class III 


Class IV 


Class V 


Class VI 


4%, 839 


35,544 


790 


1,445 


4,172 


6,372 


10,535 


12,230 


135,364 


9,287 


121 


350 


923 


1,529 


2,813 


3,551 


330,922 


35,417 


116 


760 


3,269 


7,926 


12,373 


10,973 


853, U8 


161,506 


4,531 


24,147 


49,571 


43,595 


26,546 


8,066 


1,506,646 


307,013 


6,090 


49,331 


98,571 


89,268 


50,569 


13,134 


1,745,567 


373,511 


10,897 


67,147 


124,213 


100,671 


53,074 


17,509 


3,120,327 


533,973 


11,618 


75,032 


155,125 


151,141 


93,363 


42,694 


1,204,223 


244,061 


8,717 


49,027 


33,140 


63,354 


31,043 


8,775 


2,023,700 


414,606 


11,433 


72,909 


139,401 


113,910 


53,577 


18,376 


1,189,542 


239,724 


8,372 


50,995 


84,001 


59,891 


28,875 


7,590 


109,332 


18,556 


603 


5,626 


7,577 


3,367 


1,118 


265 


668,851 


129,858 


4,567 


28,258 


45,971 


32,707 


14,755 


3,600 


686,327 


401,103 


11,227 


73,294 


145,869 


119,841 


45,127 


5,745 


896,010 


125,385 


4,173 


33,619 


48,423 


27,507 


9,745 


1,918 


950,341 


127,151 


4,640 


34,286 


43,713 


27,733 


9,819 


1,955 


662,654 


84,131 


2,596 


25,023 


34,055 


16,622 


4,978 


857 


674,182 


84,761 


2,794 


25,275 


34,165 


16,647 


5,023 


357 


426,979 


129,625 


6,453 


39,015 


50,752 


25,139 


7,228 


1,038 


431,944 


130,574 


6,730 


39,277 


50,916 


25,279 


7,279 


1,043 


193,503 


81,071 


6,033 


29,562 


31,220 


11,707 


2,237 


312 


197,628 


82,272 


6,546 


29,914 


31,390 


11,803 


2,302 


312 


1,773,239 


312,147 


10,819 


63,174 


103,420 


78,334 


42,403 


13,997 


2,223,443 


369,864 


24,457 


83,794 


116,715 


85,040 


45,328 


14,530 


2,398,698 


472,267 


10,719 


73,766 


148,633 


138,643 


73,706 


21,795 


4,127,764 


771,713 


34,174 


166,772 


255,598 


194,273 


95,851 


25,050 


2,340,870 


466,872 


10,608 


73,356 


147,706 


137,405 


76,673 


21,124 


3,750,125 


711,866 


29,871 


151,382 


237,016 


131,563 


38,949 


23,085 


223,851 


43,164 


1,682 


10,635 


14,005 


9,774 


5,362 


1,706 


233,562 


44,032 


1,829 


10,921 


U,196 


9,934 


),416 


1,736 


115,662 


14,832 


2,048 


4,226 


4,196 


2,662 


1,481 


219 


144,077 


15,320 


2,474 


4,469 


4,386 


2,776 


1,486 


229 


2,479,206 


459,440 


11,151 


71,151 


140,009 


129,451 


79,190 


26,483 


3,199,713 


608,647 


33,686 


U4,239 


130,731 


156,800 


92,288 


30,903 


3,129,241 


535,233 


11,615 


75,131 


153,693 


150,059 


99,536 


45,204 


7,936,196 


1,196,539 


62,179 


215,303 


354,333 


311,146 


134,046 


69,032 


3,084,012 


529,774 


10,908 


73,430 


152,050 


149,200 


99,123 


45,063 


3,029,184 


519,934 


10,767 


72,229 


149,442 


146,475 


96,771 


44,250 


496,571 


69,082 


994 


7,519 


16,493 


18,447 


15,884 


9,745 


2,532,613 


450,852 


9,773 


64,710 


132,949 


123,023 


30,887 


34,505 


1,421,260 


292,477 


4,566 


40,684 


90,042 


87,403 


52,465 


17,312 


2,291,735 


443,869 


7,790 


66,415 


140,272 


131,538 


75,565 


22,239 


697,337 


124,395 


10,303 


41,479 


42,260 


21,183 


7,622 


1,548 


2,615,277 


232,736 


43,622 


76,659 


65,119 


33,133 


11,710 


2,493 


323,208 


78,441 


9,485 


32,697 


25,269 


8,800 


1,937 


253 


670,934 


125,465 


34,898 


48,477 


29,635 


10,006 


2,179 


270 


458,384 


59,501 


3,407 


15,241 


20,276 


13,423 


5,861 


1,293 


1,944,343 


107,271 


8,724 


28,182 


35,484 


23,127 


9,531 


2,223 


3,308,888 


548,072 


11,677 


76,013 


156,381 


153,515 


102,682 


47,804 


2,690,305 


444,675 


11,575 


69,309 


134,839 


126,707 


76,260 


25,985 


2,073,506 


370,831 


6,096 


49,625 


112,346 


112,647 


67,901 


22,266 


602,982,131 


79,237,856 


4,777,218 


16,818,124 


26,380,966 


20,132,222 


3,693,771 


1,935,555 


1,944,892 


296,242 


11,167 


61,671 


98,324 


75,216 


38,456 


10,903 


2,214,180,127 


278,715,630 


94,940,434 


99,045,622 


56,741,310 


20,654,592 


6,178,968 


1,154,704 


1,285,814 


192,491 


595 


18,727 


63,673 


63,210 


35,726 


10,553 


529,493 


86,526 


136 


4,347 


22,180 


30,345 


21,799 


7,719 


330,773 


48,825 


102 


4,955 


17,526 


16,442 


8,020 


1,780 


425,543 


57,140 


357 


9,425 


23, %7 


16,423 


5,909 


1,059 


236,747 


34,815 


372 


9,413 


15,377 


7,497 


1,899 


257 


242,875 


42,843 


1,580 


19,824 


16,663 


3,%0 


735 


36 


99,170 


16,392 


2,592 


10,494 


2,745 


482 


72 


7 


80,286 


9,696 


6,028 


3,213 


366 


67 


22 




2,551,473 


520,746 


11,547 


74,743 


151,925 


U5,283 


94,564 


42,684 


3,681,510,455 


898,924,562 


177,396,535 


263,198,359 


259,037,606 


134,401,449 


51,929,173 


12,961,440 


2,666,693 


492,452 


11,456 


73,990 


150,388 


143,776 


85,365 


26,977 


1,312,642,331 


199,557,485 


17,305,129 


52,413,944 


66,389,173 


42,637,489 


16,781,598 


3,530,152 


2,294,541 


376,237 


8,322 


64,621 


125,055 


103,389 


54,345 


20,005 


1,023,734,322 


120,979,807 


12,841,410 


40,066,690 


39,315,969 


19,601,429 


7,333,781 


1,820,528 


17,765,047 


2,247,732 


256,712 


741,111 


706,270 


366,096 


140,438 


37,105 


116,120,634 


15,601,057 


1,321,892 


4,838,132 


5,351,008 


2,744,984 


1,073,333 


271,658 


450,834 


134,700 


3,930 


28,965 


50,220 


34,107 


13,712 


3,766 


64,967,578 


16,562,130 


1,488,900 


5,434,452 


5,571,995 


2,893,492 


950,018 


223,273 


16,208,244 


3,625,908 


256,645 


1,084,274 


1,289,294 


698,692 


239,939 


57,064 


9,762,281 


2,280,055 


206,061 


700,011 


781,745 


412,388 


Ul,901 


37,949 


1,324,404 


206,210 


4,818 


25,257 


53,763 


58,050 


41,732 


22,590 


3,262,439 


445,737 


16,535 


59,870 


116,921 


122,361 


85,665 


44,385 


2,626,959 


546,719 


11,675 


75,886 


156,364 


152,504 


102,515 


47,775 


88,843,964 


19,008,099 


1,934,170 


4,659,177 


6,011,031 


4,049,190 


1,839,461 


515,020 


2,529,921 


547,081 


11,461 


75,861 


156,394 


153,301 


102,335 


47,729 


41,969,236 


11,137,897 


1,230,039 


2,751,931 


3,480,404 


2,330,119 


1,041,915 


303,489 


2,166,476 


546,464 


11,650 


75,813 


156,118 


153,163 


102,160 


47,560 


18,663,736 


10,744,658 


1,172,249 


2,644,078 


3,386,961 


2,259,760 


995,255 


236,355 


1,792,467 


239,049 


3,490 


32,671 


72,007 


67,310 


42,936 


20,635 


54,963,546 


4,619,524 


158,764 


1,207,274 


1,769,003 


971,431 


405,142 


107,910 


27,718,057 


2,255,775 


77,154 


582,578 


888,013 


480,124 


175,776 


52,130 


2,406,330 


381,033 


5,240 


49,879 


108,373 


107,084 


72,386 


37,569 


340,361,825 


44,265,665 


1,340,667 


9,227,295 


15,300,497 


11,062,842 


5,333,100 


2,001,264 


303,556 


38,424 


896 


5.753 


11,247 


10.971 


7,177 


2,380 


30,176,438 


1,016,802 


64,546 


196,522 


313,629 


253,599 


146,567 


36,939 


18,222,016 


662,090 


43,430 


130,170 


202,673 


163,776 


97,032 


24,959 


1,087,822 


45,660 


1,984 


8,081 


1J,102 


11,753 


8,482 


2,253 



FARMS BY CLASS OF WORK POWER 

No tractor, horses, or mules farms reporting., 

No tractor and only 1 horse or mule farms reporting., 

No tractor and 2 or more horses and/or mules farms reporting.. 

Tractor and horses and/or mules farms reporting.. 

Tractor and no horses or mules farms reporting., 

SPECIFIED FACXLITIES AND EQUIPMENT 

Telephone farms reporting . . 

Electricity farms reporting.. 

Television set farms reporting.. 

Piped running water farms reporting.. 

Home freezer farms reporting.. 

Electric pig brooder farms reporting.. 

Power feed grinder farms reporting . . 

Milking machine farms reporting., 

Grain combines farms reporting . , 

number . , 
Corn pickers > farms reporting., 

number . , 
Pick-up hay balers farms reporting . , 

number . , 
Field forage harvesters farms reporting., 

number . , 
Motortrucks farms reporting. , 

number . , 
Tractors farms reporting . . 

number . , 
Wheel tractors other than garden farms reporting., 

number . , 
Garden tractors farms reporting., 

number . , 
Crawler tractors farms reporting. , 

number . , 
Autoirobiles farms reporting. , 

number . , 
FARM LABOR 

Week of Sept. 26-OGt. 2 aod/or Oct. 24-30: 

Family and/or hired workers farms reporting . , 

persons . , 

Family workers. Including operator farms reporting.. 

Operators working 1 hour or more persons . , 

1 to 14 hours .persons . , 

13 hours or more persons . , 

Unpaid members of operator's family farms reporting., 

persons.. 

Hired workers farms reporting., 

persons . , 
Regular workers (to be employed 

150 days or more) farms reporting. , 

persons,. 
Seasonal workers (to be employed 

less than 150 days) farms reporting. , 

persons . , 
SPECIFIED FARM EXPENDITURES 

Specified farm expenditures^ farms reporting.. 

Machine hire and/or hired labor farms reporting.. 

Machine hire farms reporting. , 

dollars . , 

Hired labor farms reporting . . 

dollars . , 

$1 to $499 farms reporting., 

$1 to $99 farms reporting., 

$100 to $199 farms reporting., 

$200 to $4.99 farms reporting . , 

$500 to $999 farms reporting., 

$1,000 to $2,499 farms reporting., 

$2,500 to $4,999 farms reporting., 

$5,000 and over farms reporting., 

Feed for livestock and poultry farms reporting . , 

dollars . . 

Gasoline and other petroleum fuel and oil farms reporting., 

dollars . . 
Commercial fertilizer and 

fertilizing material farms reporting. , 

dollars . , 

tons., 

acres on which used.. 

Lime and liming material farms reporting., 

dollars . , 
tons,, 
acres on which used,. 
LIVESTOCK AND LIVESTOCK PRODUCTS 

Livestock on hand: 

Horses and mules farms reporting., 

number . , 

All cattle and calves farms reporting., 

number.. 
Cows, including heifers that have calved. . .farms reporting., 

number . , 

Milk cows farms reporting., 

number . . 

All hogs and pigs farms reporting., 

number . . 

Bom before June 1 number.. 

Chickens 4 months old and over farms reporting., 

number . , 

Sheep, total farms reporting. , 

number. , 
Number 1 year and over: 

Ewes .number ■ . 

Rams and wethers number . 



^Excludes farms reporting expenditures for commercial fertilizer and lime. 



24 



SIZE OF OPERATION BY TYPE OF FARM 



Table 1 -FARMS AND FARM CHARACTERISTICS FOR ALL DAIRY FARMS, BY ECONOMIC CLASS: 

CENSUS OF 1954— Conlinued 

[Data are based on reports for only a sample of farms. See text. Statistics for subregiona in Table 7] 



(For definitions and eiplanatlanfl^ see text) 



Livestock and livestock products sold: 

Cattle and calves sold alive fariDS reporting.. 

number . . . . 
dollars. . . 

Hogs and pigs sold alive farms reporting.. 

number. . 
dollars. . 

Chickens sold -f aims reporting. . 

dollars. . 

Chicken eggs sold farms reporting.. 

dozens. . 
dollars. . 

Utlk sold^ pounds . . 

dollars.. 

Sheep sold farms reporting.. 

number. , 
dollars.. 
Fanns reporting by number of milk cows on hand: 

Under 5 cows fanns reporting., 

5 to 9 cows farms reporting., 

10 to 14 cows farms reporting., 

15 to 19 cows.... farms reporting., 

20 to 29 cows fams reporting., 

30 to "19 cows fanns reporting . , 

50 to 99 cows farms reporting. 

100 cows and over farms reporting. 

ESTIUAIED VALUE OF FAHM PRODUCTS SOLD (see text) 

All farm products sold dollars. 

All crops sold dollars. 

Field crops, other than vegetables and fruits 

and nuts, sold dollars. 

Vegetables sold dollars. 

Fruits and nuts sold dollars. 

Horticultural specialties sold dollars. 

All livestock and livestock products sold dollars. 

Dairy products sold dollars. 

Poultry and poultry products sold dollars. 

Livestock and livestock products, other than 

dairy and poultry, sold dollars. 

forest products sold dollars. 



All 

ccmnerclal 

fanne 



2,168,490 

42,590,662 

4,219,053,073 

1,255,555 

56,641,238 

2,289,760,716 

921,435 

696,321,848 

1,391,630 

2,663,617,211 

922,141,662 

93,710,976,980 

3,3X,025,237 

259,762 

22,425,250 

330,536,753 

(NA) 
(NA) 
(HA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 



24,298,622,950 
11,955,045,301 

9,735,818,610 
628,498,349 

1,186,848,705 

403,879,637 

12,223,361,628 

3,330,025,237 

1,907,376,647 

6,985,959,744 
120,216,021 



SPECIFIED CROPS HARVESTED 

Com for all purposes farms reporting,,, 

acres... 

Coi:i harvested for grain fanns reporting... 

acres... 

bushels harvested... 

bushels sold... 

Sorghum for all purposes farms reporting. . . 

acres... 

Sorghum harvested for grain bushels sold... 

Wheat threshed or combined. .acres. . . 

bushels harvested... 
bushels sold. .. 

Spring wheat threshed or combined acres... 

bushels harvested... 
bushels sold. . . 

Oats threshed or combined , acres. . . . 

bushels harvested... 
bushels sold... 

Barley threshed or combined fanns reporting... 

acres. . . 

bushels harvested... 

bushels sold... 

Rye threshed or combined bushels sold... 

Buckwheat threshed or combined bushels sold... 

Flaxseed threshed or combined bushels sold... 

Rice threshed or combined bushels sold... 

Soybeans harvested for beans bushels . . . 

Soybeans cut for hay tons . . . 

Peanuts harvested for picking or threshing pounds... 

Dry field and seed beans harvested for beans pounds... 

Lima beans harvested for dry beans ilOO-lb. bags... 

Other dry field beans harvested for beans 100-lb. bags... 

Dry field and seed peas harvested for peas pounds... 

Cotton harvested fanns reporting. . . 

acres. .. 
bales... 

Popcorn harvested .pounds . . . 

Sugar beets harvested for sugar tons... 

Sugarcane harvested for sugar tons . . . 

Tobacco harvested pounds. . . 

Tobacco harvested (type not specified) pounds... 

Burley tobacco harvested pounds. . . 

Dark-fired tobacco harvested pounds. . . 

Dark air-cured tobacco harvested pounds... 

Flue-cured tobacco harvested pounds. . . 

Binder tobacco harvested pounds... 

Sugarcane or sorghum harvested for sirup gallons... 

Irish potatoes harvested for home use or 

for sale bushels. . . 

Sweetpotatoes harvested for home use or 

for sale bushels. . . 

Vegetables harvested for sale farms reporting... 

dollars. . , 
Land In bearing and nonbearlng fruit orchards, 

groves, vineyards, and planted nut trees^ fanns reporting... 

acres... 

Apples bushels harvested. . . 

Peaches bushels harvested. . . 



74, 

2, 

63, 

2,547 

992 

17 
175, 

50, 
900 
800 

14 
166 
140 

37 

1,301 

344 

12 
352 
235 

10 

31 
142 



300,261 
377, 194 
046,377 
394,112 
,823,454 
119,020 
329,899 
112,709 
980,777 
582,348 
761,498 
,412,820 
304,189 
017,093 
,147,001 
,312,820 
,894,795 
,163, 274 
308,436 
440,079 
,824,132 
606, 108 
,397,747 
970, 191 
,332,584 
,050,327 



Econcmlc class 



322,324,503 

737, 530 

851,977,545 

7,650,024 

2,229,034 

8,122,146 

281,666,092 

731.802 

17,963,656 

12,516,285 

156,266,472 

12,766,368 

6,531,040 

1,822,282,985 

427,597,922 

432,733.314 

46,103,715 

22,877,855 

861,260,424 

24,786,230 

2,125,041 

330,340,999 

23,603,806 

228,909 

628,498,349 

288,709 

3,610,183 

107,019,140 

55,106,900 



533,846 

7,523,288 

322,613,214 

166,312 

4,494,638 

153,505,264 

150,379 

19,913,020 

249,463 

298,801,725 

100,891,258 

68,693,822,945 

2,627,061,743 

28,309 

606,760 

8,089,802 

27,164 
98,172 
119,707 
100,677 
117,033 
62,168 
17,256 
4,287 



3,583,101,863 
322,608,414 

292,371,179 

18,936,218 

10,746,605 

554,412 

3,241,953,182 

2,627,061,743 

125,681,674 

489,209,765 
18,540,267 



399,472 

8,525,764 

280,925 

5,110,200 

242,843,133 

47,838,066 

31,181 

647,850 

630,526 

2,196,297 

49,680,510 

38,644,674 

360,273 

4,323,423 

2,912,245 

6,600,003 

258,562,781 

22,807,357 

57,493 

748,252 

23,670,485 

5,624,677 

948,813 

434,929 

821,467 

183,687 

6,758,258 

133,068 

6,952,369 

276,983 

19,450 

876,210 

2,025,350 

12,500 

182,965 

113,565 

2,923,600 

402,420 

19,665 

52,898,526 

24,331,907 

20,838,439 

1,244,565 

988,055 

4,628,060 

857,500 

46,781 

12,246,944 

357,540 

32, 226 

18,936,218 

42,384 

113,547 

1,695,303 

510,045 



1,^ 
85,' 



76, 

27, 

1^562,. 

789, 



11,640 

870,994 

46,905,208 

2,416 

183,075 

7,472,632 

2,070 

1,930,960 

2,761 

13,747,923 

5,342,870 

9,996,023,887 

481,638,834 

627 

51,523 

740,946 

66 

37 

106 

131 

320 

1,764 

5,449 

3,777 



586,417,394 
39,568,355 

34,869,178 

2,988,662 

1,626,863 

83,652 

545,195,874 

481,638,834 

8,122,172 

55,434,868 
1,653,165 



6,783 

401,099 

4,032 

207,613 

11,378,394 

3,658,789 

1,014 

67,049 

172, 583 

116,256 

2,853,742 

2,801,585 

7,139 

148,276 

129,280 

214,442 

9,174,916 

1,070,750 

1,890 

65,968 

2,627,020 

749,721 

84,338 

6,290 

23,160 

106,437 

409,125 

7,150 

1,399,260 

38,292 

17,785 

104,118 

500,000 

747 

46,523 

49,351 

3,800 

89,602 

14,835 

2,741,405 

1,409,256 

567,079 

34,500 

15,000 

522,370 

193,200 

8,093 

1,957,905 

39,042 

744 

2,988,662 

1,143 

13,067 

200,362 

127, 540 



75,708 


155,577 


907,641 


2,354,521 


906,491 


95,479,565 


25,296 


56,234 


312,223 


1,769,838 


754,157 


60,792,152 


25,657 


50,869 


237,759 


6,513,380 


33,871 


75,758 


554,398 


111,613,328 


549,901 


37,176,411 


434,698 


21,875,776,185 


565,178 


794,684,813 


4,459 


8,589 


126,606 


179,038 


918,704 


2,514,361 


268 


664 


457 


3,178 


1,484 


20,693 


5,052 


41,683 


23,220 


66,411 


34,610 


22,114 


10,252 


1,337 


470 


38 



1.078,741,246 i IAll.002,139 
108,301,047 104,909,230 



98,137,398 

6,833,163 

3,166,396 

164,090 

965,697,878 



96,340,313 

5,572,155 

2,833,377 

158,385 

1.000,123,628 



789, 565, 178 1794, 684,813 
35,500,106 45,103,886 



UO, 632, 594 
4,742,321 



60,706 

2,209,990 

43,530 

1,363,787 

75,230,457 

20,166,705 

4,515 

162,722 

184,577 

643,238 

15,805,064 

13,558,673 

43,030 

721,920 

570,368 

1,428,169 

62,672,364 

6,550,202 

12,726 

193,383 

7,277,786 

1,689,611 

286,796 

105,106 

172,723 

49,030 

2,383,512 

28,564 

2,875,644 

81,706 

318,733 

682,000 

1,782 

49,385 

25,321 

1,515,720 

132,783 

3,080 

14,490,981 

7,444,846 

4,161,785 

204,000 

99,200 

2,018,450 

552,700 

3,716 

3,440,959 

91,625 

6,005 

6.833,163 

6,153 
26,948 
625,291 
137,529 



160,335,129 
5,969,081 



151,878 

1,534,867 

60,899,048 

47,364 

867,419 

25,051,295 

40,669 

3,486,563 

70,843 

66,348,561 

21,294,726 

1^088,106,250 

406,804,872 

7,494 

159,134 

1,707,356 

1,597 

21,998 

58,651 

43,818 

23,852 

3,066 

179 

2 



575,340,620 
50,311,110 

45,875,297 

2,615,347 

1,726,306 

94,160 

521,009,519 

406,804,872 

25,347,231 

88,857,416 
4,019,991 



128,681 

3,044,595 

92,277 

1,824,148 

90,362,477 

16,617,302 

7,072 

158,983 

158,312 

709,892 

17,682,870 

13,626,948 

88,252 

1,423,409 

1,036,530 

2,441,390 

101,345,752 

8,811,360 

19,395 

230,249 

7,552,183 

1,871,324 

286,063 

178,223 

256,564 

28,220 

2, 514, 599 

42,324 

1,672,870 

94,650 

1,525 

308,996 

534,660 

2,979 

40,790 

19,731 

893,030 

132,540 

1,750 

18,423,220 

9,023,195 

6,962,805 

503,700 

365,070 

1,495,550 

72,900 

14,960 

3,334,194 

60,607 

10,654 

5.572,155 

12,069 

30,232 

432,551 

105,128 



116,997 

1,890,928 

79,686 

1,082,970 

46,042,055 

5,800,615 

7,061 

123,650 

70,549 

466, 500 

9,394,223 

6,515,450 

126,909 

1,397,242 

880,435 

1,764,703 

63,628,614 

4,865,885 

14,926 

165,630 

4,347,026 

1,009,722 

200,301 

111,160 

260,279 



1,115,020 

30, 180 

605,420 

56,217 

109,563 

268,500 

2,600 

22,742 

9,857 

458,605 

40,060 

11,155,470 

5,080,575 

.-,008,190 

335,500 

228,815 

463,690 

38,700 

9,882 

2,155,705 

83,152 

3,850 

2,615,347 

11,389 
23,485 
256,282 
65,615 



98,243 

681,827 

27,153,902 

25,888 

296,233 

7,085,533 

22,046 

1,338,312 

43,860 

24,208,675 

7.615.337 

4,296.928,124 

130,389,781 

5,200 

72,630 

917,302 

6,667 

48,938 

34,019 

9,100 

2,854 

544 

38 



193,973,256 

16,755,653 

15,041,248 

767,641 

902,699 

44,065 

175,436,356 

130,389,781 

9,239,762 

35,856,813 
1,731,247 



62,331 

760,949 

43,337 

475,440 

15,888,185 

1,431,760 

7,313 

97,303 

38,210 

211,882 

3,268,076 

1,965,129 

75,028 

510,434 

263,238 

632,376 

18,841,665 

1,341,485 

6,886 

73,964 

1,584,398 

280, 162 

79,205 

27,745 

94,941 



305,345 

18,033 

316,475 

3,618 

140 

32,225 

40, 190 

3,047 

18,410 

7,420 

19,225 

4,760 

5,121,230 

1,234,005 

3,483,550 

124,490 

206,685 

72,500 



8,335 



46,962 

4,508 

767,641 

7,718 

13,959 

128,465 

47,263 



40,800 

173,438 

6,269,000 

9,114 

65,85C 

1,349,495 

9,068 

406,046 

22,370 

6,328,840 

1,912,013 

874,551,801 

23,978,265 

1,940 

17, 329 

291,133 

17,902 

23,564 

4,754 

393 

376 

70 

1 



37,627,208 
2,763,019 

2,107,745 

159,250 

485,964 

10,060 

34,439,727 

23,973,265 

2,368,517 

8,092,945 
424,462 



23,974 

218,203 

18,063 

156,242 

3,941,565 

162,895 

4,206 

38,143 

6,290 

48,529 

676,535 

176,389 

19.915 

122,142 

32,394 

118,423 

2,899,470 

167,675 

1,670 

19,058 

282,072 

24,137 

12,110 

6,405 

13,800 



30,657 
6,817 

82,700 
2,500 

2,575 

1,345 
5,115 
1,885 
33,220 
2,675 

966,220 

140,030 

655,030 

42,375 

73,235 

55,500 

1,745 

401,029 

36,152 

1,465 

159,250 

3,912 

5,856 

52,352 

26,970 



NA Not available. 



^Includes milk equivalent of cream and dutterfat sold. 



''Does not include data for farms with less than 20 trees or grapevines. See text. 



SUMMARY FOR THE UNITED STATES 



25 



Table 1.-FARMS AND FARM CHARACTERISTICS FOR ALL DAIRY FARMS, BY ECONOMIC CLASS: 

CENSUS OF 1954-Continued 

QData are based on reports for only a sample of farms. See text. Statistics for subregions in Table 7 J 



(For defljiltioiis and explanations, see text) 



All 

comDerclal 

farms 



Econcmlc class 



SPECIFIED CROPS HARVESTED— Continued 

Alfalfa and alfalfa mixtures cut for hay (and for 

dehydrating) acres... 

tons. . . 
tons sold... 

Clover, tijnothy, and mixtures of clover and grasses 

cut for hay acres... 

tons . . . 
tons sold... 

Lespedeza cut for hay acres... 

tons. .. 
tons sold. . . 

Vetch or peas, alone or mixed with oats or other grains, 

cut for hay acres . . . 

tons . . . 
tons sold... 

Oats, wheat, barley, rye, or other small grains 
cut for hay acres... 

tons. .. 
tons sold... 

Wild hay cut acres... 

tons. . . 
tons sold. . . 

Grass silage made from grasses, alfalfa, clover, 

or small grains acres... 

tons, green weight... 

Other hay cut acres... 

tons . . . 
tons sold... 

Nursery products sold dollars... 

Cut flowers, potted plants, florist greens, and 
bedding plants sold dollars. . . 

Vegetables grown under glass, flower seeds, vegetable seeds, 
vegetable plants, bulbs, and mushrooms sold dollars... 



25,352,9i3 
5i, 115, 556 
9,475,922 



15,672,584 
22,367,533 
1,411,929 

2,813,741 

2,458,220 

135,283 



48,309 

85,368 

9,661 



4,163,669 
4,632,385 



12,106,511 

9,328,205 

618,625 



1,158,671 
6,759,132 

4,643,189 

4,814,116 

360,480 

138,077,412 



208,777,391 
57,024,834 



6,689,108 

15,tK0,497 
380,328 



5,976,340 

9,572,337 

163,706 

398,737 

343,251 

5,937 



15,665 

32,689 

1,295 



831,409 

1,098,655 

17,939 

643,586 
624,193 

18,248 



695,052 
4,253,074 

1,080,930 

1,360,454 

33,428 

190,780 



156,342 
207,290 



426,433 

,362,477 

47,637 



194,103 

360,235 

7,916 

27,940 

28,279 

752 



1,807 

4,137 

175 



77,780 

136,390 

3,273 

11,418 
16,002 
1,810 



97,271 
598,535 

77,927 

121,105 

3,199 

27,800 



40,900 



1,640,971 
4,068,999 

127,428 



1,194,681 

2,144,534 

46,795 

85,902 

78,183 

1,595 



4,733 

9,942 

300 



157,739 

232,261 

4,98< 

54,869 
51,755 
3,168 



294,371 
1,905,014 

242,607 

339,778 

13,492 

75,365 



2,357,909 

5,297,014 

128,462 



1,952,003 

3,279,039 

56,525 



98,715 

90, 176 

1,570 



3,545 

7,680 

130 



205, 516 

275,308 

3,137 

127,930 

140,185 

5,830 



222,417 
1,329,450 

301,373 

396,680 

7,788 

17,475 



59,250 
81,660 



1,545,114 

3,085,594 

60,104 



1,669,731 

2,514,007 

38,840 

83, 301 

67,885 
845 



2,910 

6,460 

285 



180,290 

226,748 

3,727 

211,644 

209, 739 

4,185 



67,283 
355,775 

245,401 

292,851 

5,809 



56,045 



17,410 



588,080 

1,025,248 

15,047 



773,524 

1,049,788 

12,700 

66,543 
51,622 
1,065 



2,270 

3,645 

335 



153,018 

169,150 

2,447 

178,454 

158,200 

2,605 



12,685 
59,510 

154,107 

158,958 

2,915 

5,095 



130, 601 

201,165 

1,650 



192,298 

224,734 

930 

36,336 

27,106 

110 



400 
825 

70 



57,066 

58,798 

366 

59,271 

48,312 

650 



1,025 
4,790 

59,515 

51,082 

225 

9,000 



26 SIZE OF OPERATION BY TYPE OF FARM 

Table 1 -FARMS ANO FARM CHARACTERISTICS FOR ALL POULTRY FARMS, BY ECONOMIC CLASS: CENSUS OF 1954 



iData are based on reports for only a sample of farms. See text. Statistics for subre^ions in Table 



(For definitions and explanations, see text) 



FASOE, iCREMX, AXD VALUE 

farva number. 

Percent distribution percent . 

Lnd in tmnt acres. 

Percent distribution percent. 

Average size of farm acres. 

Value of land and buildinga; 

Average per farm dollars. 

Average per acre dollars . 

Land in farna according to uac: 

Cropland harvested farms reporting. 

acres. 

Percent distribution percent. 

Cropland used onlj for pasture..... farms reporting. 

acres . 

Cropland not harvested and not pastured farms reporting. 

acres . 

Woodland pastured farms reporting. 

acres . 
Woodland not pastured farms reporting. 

acres . 
Other pasture (not cropland 
and not woodland) farms reporting. 

acres . 
Improved (see text).^ farms reporting. 

acres . 
Other land (house lots, roads, 
wasteland, etc.) farms reporting. 

acres . 
Cropland, total farms reporting. 

acres. 
I^nd pastured, total farms reporting . 

acres . 
Woodland, total farms reporting . 

acres. 
Irrigated land in farms farms reporting . 

acres . 

RESIDENCE OF FARM OPERATOR 

Residing on farm operated operators reporting . 

hkjt residing on farm operated operators reporting . 

Operators not reporting residence number. 

FARJE BY SIZE 

Under 10 acres number. 

10 to 29 acres number. 

30 to 49 acres number . 

50 to 69 acres number . 

70 to 99 acres number . 

100 to 139 acres number . 

140 to 179 acres number. 

180 to 219 acres number. 

220 to 259 acres number. 

260 to 499 acres number . 

500 to 999 acres number. 

1,000 acres and over number. 

FARM OPERATORS BY COLOR AND TENURE 

All fnrn opcratora: 

Owners, part owners, and managers nimiber. 

All tenants number . 

Croppers number . 

All white opcratora: 

Owners, part owners, and managers number . 

All tenants number. 

Croppers number. 

Ail nonwhite opcratora: 

Owners, part owners, and managers .number. 

All tenants, , number- 
Croppers number . 

FARM OPERATORS BY AGE 

Under 25 years operators reporting. 

25 to 34 years operators reporting. 

35 to 44 years operators reporting. 

45 to 54 years operators reporting. 

55 to 64 years operators reporting . 

65 years and over operators reporting. 

OFF-FARM WORK AND OTHER INCOME 

Fnrn opcratora.— 

With other income of family exceeding value of farm 

produc ts sold operators reporting . , 

Working off their farms, by days 

worked, total operators reporting. 

None operators reporting. . 

1 to 99 days operators reporting. . 

100 to 199 days operators reporting . , 

200 days or more operators reporting. , 



All 

conmercial 

farms 



3,327,889 

XXX 

1,032,493,352 

XXX 

310.3 

25,437 

33.07 

3,148,874 
321,586,517 

XXX 

1,412,539 

57,506,468 

889,841 

52,491,969 

1,057,059 

94,424,817 

919,891 

55,836,567 

1,488,954 

415,276,760 

311,862 

16,094,374 

2,982,199 

35,370,254 

3,224,297 

431,584,954 

2,602,192 

567,208,045 

1,616,252 

150,261,384 

264,488 

29,033.584 



3,055,919 

202,894 

69,076 



145,400 
351,398 
271,523 
211,758 
368,902 
391,913 

403,032 
231,719 
190,412 
451,921 
182,550 
127,361 



2,368,210 
959,679 
241,882 



2,271,292 
719,195 
95,132 



96,918 
240,484 
146, 750 



72,001 
459,699 
776,985 
809,004 
668,587 
477,841 



359,188 

1,113,085 

2,155,510 

679,443 

136,920 

296.722 



Economic class 



154.251 
100.0 

12,048,001 
100.0 
78.1 

13,890 
174 .72 

96,350 

3,136,257 

100.0 

47,033 

1,068,400 

39,468 

792,968 



38,274 
1,734,347 

53,329 
2, 373, 198 

53,826 

2,116,039 

15,085 

306,273 

145,705 

826,792 

115,392 

4,997,625 

96,924 

4,918,786 

77, 301 

4,107.545 

7, 111 

150,939 



147,888 
4,463 
1,900 



40, 633 
27,855 
18,606 
13,179 
16,650 
13, 536 

8,432 
4,639 
2,927 
5,635 
1,577 
582 



144,381 

9,370 

751 



143,456 

9,749 

731 



925 
121 

20 



1,266 
14,875 
29,249 
p3,403 
35,490 
35,991 



35,928 

57,398 
93,422 
20,199 
8,036 
29.163 



13,137 
8.5 

2,140,182 
17.8 
162.9 

33,754 
210.45 

8,287 

655,213 

20.9 

5,153 
211,454 

3,333 
113,363 



3,002 
237,622 

4,932 
382,935 

4,408 

393,925 

1,570 

76,862 

12,567 

145, 670 

10, 301 

980,030 

8,693 

843,001 

6,792 

520.557 

1,137 

54,974 



11,822 

1,057 

258 



2,102 
2,068 
1,224 
854 
1,165 
1,429 

990 
699 
514 
1,291 
548 
253 



12,012 
1,125 



11,934 

1,124 

98 



161 
2,135 
3,877 
3,772 
2,139 

781 



1,282 

3,195 
9,754 
1,311 
438 
1,446 



28,554 
18.5 

2,708,358 
22.5 
94.9 

18,041 
194.97 

18,356 

776,719 

24.3 

9,952 

255,038 

7,577 

141,732 



7,327 

384,531 

11,346 

545,148 

9,973 

437, 775 

3,577 

78,309 

27,211 

167,415 

22, 346 

1,173,489 

18,503 

1,077,344 

15,728 

929, 6-« 

1,759 

33.487 



27, 294 
941 
319 



6,300 
5,045 
2,970 
2,260 
3,180 
2,822 

2,016 

1,110 

701 

1,554 

471 

125 



26,646 

1,908 

251 



26,475 

1,878 

236 

171 
30 
15 



285 
4,070 
7,186 
7,751 
5,656 
2,313 



4,579 

10,063 
18,196 
4,362 
1,495 
4,206 



23,582 
18.5 

,278,480 
18.9 
79.7 

13,091 
167.77 

19,131 

610, 639 

19.5 

9,086 

192,155 

8,005 

145,401 



7,985 

358,071 

11,094 

473,271 

10,721 

363,095 

3,541 

56,385 

26,898 
135,848 

22,602 
948,195 

18,525 
913,321 

15,782 

831,342 

1,528 

23,610 



27,596 
724 
262 



6,810 
4,855 
3,346 
2,580 
3,455 
2,720 

1,725 
1,050 

641 
1,104 

212 
84 



26,958 

1,624 

176 



26,798 

1,619 

176 



160 
5 



301 
3,294 
6,500 
6,546 
6,823 
3,837 



7,338 

12,237 

15,834 

3,385 

1,915 

6,437 



27,605 
17.9 

1,396.072 
15.7 
68.7 

10,390 
158.78 

13,334 

486,259 

15.5 

8,187 

152,741 

7,488 

133,150 



7,261 
295,083 

9,765 
376,846 

9,907 

314,721 

2,955 

48,477 

25,914 
132,242 

21,541 
777,130 

17,564 
762, 545 

14,223 

671,929 

1,215 

16, 329 



26,684 
680 
241 



7,220 
4,735 
3,640 
2,480 
3,285 
2,580 

1,471 
765 
446 
771 
161 
51 



25,920 

1,685 

130 



25,739 

1,655 

130 

131 
30 



131 
2,528 
5,321 
6,760 
7,133 
5,346 



28,923 

13.3 

1,617,459 
13.4 
55.9 

9,347 
164.79 

18,163 

366,652 

11.7 

7,947 

134,038 

7,290 

125,858 



6,594 
237,996 

8,931 
306,407 

9,890 

320,087 

2,189 

28,442 

27,157 
126,421 

21,467 
626,548 

17, 676 
692,121 

13,268 

544,403 

1,032 

15,618 



27,918 
630 
375 



8,791 
5,571 
4,096 
2,560 
2,930 
2,130 

1,360 
560 
325 

470 
100 
30 



27,216 

1,707 



27,066 

1,677 

66 



150 
30 



216 
2,225 
4,761 
5,684 
7,202 
8,510 



3,436 


14,693 


J, 703 


13,609 


3,518 


3,349 


2,045 


2,143 


7,373 


9,201 



SUMMARY FOR THE UNITED STATES 



27 



Table l.-FARMS AND FARM CHARACTERISTICS FOR ALL POULTRY FARMS, BY ECONOMIC CLASS: CENSUS OF 1954-Continue(l 



[Data are based on reports for only a sajnple of farms. See text. Statistics for subregions in Table Sl 



(For deflnltlone and ezplaDBtlcDs, see text) 



AU 

ccmerclal 

fazns 



EconcBic clAfis 



FAHHS BY CUSS OF WORK POWER 

No tractor, horses, or oiulee farms reporting,, 

No tractor and only 1 horse or mule farms reporting,. 

No tractor and 2 or more horses and/or mules farms reporting,. 

Tractor and horses and/or mules farms reporting , , 

Tractor and no horses or mules farms reporting , , 

SPECIFIED FACILITIES AND EQUIPMENT 

Telephone farms reporting , , 

Electricity farms reporting, , 

Television set farms reporting , , 

Piped running water farms reporting , , 

Home freezer farms reporting, , 

Electric pig brooder farms reporting , , 

Power feed grinder farms reporting.. 

Milking machine farms reporting. , 

Grain combines farms reporting , , 

number.. 
Com pickers farms reporting, , 

number , , 
Pick-up hay balers farms reporting,, 

number , . 
Field forage harvesters farms reporting. . 

number. . 
Motortrucks farms reporting., 

number . . 
Tractors farms reporting. , 

number,. 
Wheel tractors other than garden farms reporting.. 

number,. 
Garden tractors farms reporting , . 

number . . 
Crawler tractors farms reporting. , 

number , , 
Automobiles farms reporting. . 

number.. 
FARM LABOR 

Week of Sept, 26-Oot. 2 and/or Oct, 24-30: 

Family and/or hired workers farms reporting., 

persons , , 

Family workers, including operator farms reporting,. 

Operators working 1 hour or more persons.. 

1 to 14 hours persons , , 

13 hours or more persons , . 

Unpaid members of operator's family farms reporting,. 

persons,. 

Hired Workers farms reporting , , 

persons , , 
Regular workers (to be employed 

150 days or more ) farms reporting . . 

persons, , 
Seasonal workers (to be employed 

less than 150 days ) farms reporting , . 

persons . . 
SPECIFIED FORM EXPENDITURES 

Specified farm expenditures^ farms reporting.. 

Machine hire and/or hired labor farms reporting.. 

Machine hire farms reporting . . 

dollars.. 

Hired labor farms reporting . , 

dollars , . 

$1 to $499 farms reporting. . 

$1 to $99 farms reporting, . 

$100 to $199 farms reporting, . 

$200 to $499 farms reporting. . 

$500 to $999 farms reporting. . 

$1,000 to $2,499 farms reporting,, 

$2,500 to $4,999 farms reporting,, 

$5,000 and over farms reporting, , 

Feed for livestock and poultry farms reporting., 

dollars,. 

Gasoline and other petroleum fuel and oil farms reporting,, 

dollars,, 
Camnercial fertilizer and 

fertilizing material farms reporting,, 

dollars,, 

tons , , 

acres on which used.. 

Lime and liming material farms reporting . . 

dollars,. 

tons . . 

acres on which used,, 

LIVESTOCK AND LIVESTOCK PRODUCTS 
Livestock on hand: 

Horses and mules farms reporting . . 

number, . 

All cattle and calves farms reporting, . 

number. . 
Cows, including heifers that have calved,,, farms reporting,. 

number . . 

Milk cows farms reporting.. 

number . , 

All hogs and pigs farms reporting , , 

number , , 

Born before June 1 number, , 

Chicken 4 months old and over farms reporting., 

number. , 

Sheep, total ....farms reporting.. 

number.. 
Number 1 year and over: 

Ewes number. , 

Rams and wethers number. . 



496,839 
135,364 
330,922 
358,118 
,506,646 



1,745,567 

3,120,327 

1,204,223 

2,023,700 

1,189,542 

109,332 

668,851 

686,327 

896,010 

950,341 

662,654 

674,182 

426,979 

431,944 

193,503 

197,628 

1,773,239 

2,223,443 

2,398,698 

4,127,764 

2,340,870 

3,750,125 

223,851 

233,562 

115,662 

144,077 

2,479,206 

3,199,713 



3,129,241 
7,936,196 
3,084,012 
3,029,184 

496,571 
2,532,613 
1,421,260 
2,291,735 

697,337 
2,615,277 

323,208 
670,934 

458,384 
1,944,343 

3,308,888 

2,690,305 

2,073,506 

602,982,131 

1,944,892 

2,214,180,127 

1,285,814 

529,493 

330,778 

425,543 

236,747 

242,875 

99, 170 

80,286 

2,551,473 

3,681,510,455 

2,666,693 

1,312,642,361 

2,294,541 

1,023,734,322 

17,765,047 

116,120,634 

450,834 

64,967,578 

16,208,244 

9,762,281 



1,324,404 

3,262,489 

2,626,959 
88,843,964 

2,529,921 
41,969,236 

2,166,476 
18,663,736 

1,792,467 
54,963,546 
27,718,057 

2,406,330 

340,361,825 

303,556 

30,176,438 

18,222,016 
1,087,822 



64,586 
8,495 
8,850 
17,040 
55,280 



101,491 

150,533 

74,547 

129,357 

61,309 

2,317 

13,869 

9,236 

12,779 

13,116 

9,081 

9,158 

6,880 

6,940 

2,048 

2,115 

73,167 

84,726 

82,667 

112,320 

71,248 

87,213 

21,591 

22,206 

2,723 

2,901 

115,679 

142,022 



144,642 
283,537 
143,200 
139,627 
28,045 
111,582 
67,251 
90,191 
25,651 
53,719 

14,906 
24,998 

14,257 
28,721 

153,759 

87,828 

61,192 

8,905,191 

60,065 

64,424,892 

38,172 

18,121 

9,098 

10,953 

6,706 

8,501 

4,028 

2,658 

150,410 

977,394,284 

101,027 

28,067,000 

ei,324 

15,016,547 

292,824 

1,719,809 

15,728 

1,451,753 

294,831 

218,707 



34,385 

61,115 

87,158 
1,122,040 

80,470 
539,439 

70,480 
270,231 

51,792 

592,094 

259,933 

124,040 

107,408,867 

10,706 
349,073 

224,627 
15,861 



4,010 

355 

211 

2,137 

6,424 



10,851 

12,997 
8,624 

12,657 

7,892 

458 

2,255 

1,373 

2,264 

2,342 

1,908 

1,950 

1,587 

1,616 

639 

663 

9,992 

15,630 
9,281 

17,132 
8,411 

13,677 

2,471 

2,619 

708 

836 

11,732 

20,248 



12,817 

43,881 

12,266 

12,087 

1,101 

10,986 

5,973 

9,359 

7,615 

22,435 

6,078 
14,552 

3,011 
7,883 

13,113 

11,146 

5,550 

1,697,221 

10,568 

38,901,030 

2,301 

478 

623 

1,200 

1,157 

2,694 

2,166 

2,250 

13,041 

407,567,239 

11,575 

8,827,989 

5,589 

3,690,579 

69,299 

383,699 

2,019 

352,788 

70,710 

52,876 



2,703 

5,796 

6,776 
228,782 

5,976 
99,335 

4,824 
38,375 

4,268 
143,241 
61,221 

6,429 
26,176,704 

1,278 
89,863 

52,014 
3,854 



10,550 
1,228 
1,061 
4,129 

11,586 



20,715 

28,346 

16, 4U 

26,778 

13,553 

524 

3,174 

2,924 

3,465 

3,518 

2,603 

2,613 

2,124 

2,124 

703 

736 

18,214 

21,112 

17,503 

25,623 

15,484 

20,258 

4,448 

4,609 

743 

756 

23, 109 

28,416 



27,541 
63,309 
27,178 
26,572 

2,900 
23,672 
15,522 
21,941 

8,506 
14,796 

4,781 
6,412 

4,525 
8,384 

28,526 

20,007 

12,369 

2,199,224 

16,702 

14,970,386 

8,724 

2,753 

2,304 

3,667 

2,724 

3,655 

1,319 

280 

28,221 

301,405,985 

22,629 

7,702,692 

12,939 

4,223,554 

81,616 

457,295 

3,710 

388,565 

75,683 

56,076 



6,418 

11,341 

15,578 

274,381 

14,321 

135,095 

12,526 

68,473 

9,926 

137,563 

59,656 

19,157 

33,041,061 

2,122 

84,873 

55,695 
3,805 



11,130 
1,702 
1,355 
3,378 

11,017 



18,420 

28,110 

14,811 

26,077 

11,664 

442 

2,662 

2,102 

2,608 

2,681 

1,759 

1,769 

1,389 

1,405 

334 

344 

15,556 

16,937 

16,320 

21,398 

14,198 

16,743 

4,064 

4,174 

474 

481 

21,650 

25,872 



27,017 
54,979 
26,802 
26,045 
3,892 
22,153 
15,061 
20,486 
4,737 
8,448 

1,912 
2,353 

3,124 
6,095 

28,498 

17,798 

12,453 

1,829,854 

12,543 

5,820,628 

9,114 

4,003 

2,331 

2,780 

1,657 

1,362 

351 

59 

28,129 

145,466,721 

20,776 

4,719,269 

13,274 

2,976,938 

59,296 

343,084 

3,170 

257,385 

49,566 

44,395 



6,435 
11,035 
16,767 

209,552 
15,642 

103,810 
13,896 
51,803 
10,603 

111,905 
46,568 
22,052 
20,192,754 
1,921 
57,382 

39,633 
2,541 



10,988 
1,6S2 
1,585 
2,937 

10,413 



17,486 

27,010 

12,933 

23,578 

10,680 

376 

2,242 

1,329 

2,145 

2,218 

1,290 

1,295 

959 

959 

160 

160 

12,695 

13,548 

15,393 

19,322 

13,188 

14,690 

4,172 

4,283 

344 

349 

20,540 

23,995 



26,089 
46,371 
25,928 
25,171 
5,163 
20,008 
12,869 
16,461 
2,641 
4,739 

828 
1,109 

1,901 
3,630 



27,574 

15,464 

12,009 

1,478,219 

9,206 

2,849,730 

7,830 

4,133 

1,818 

1,879 

692 

508 

118 

58 

27,025 

74,126,474 

18,159 

3,308,321 

12,779 

2,027,158 

40,567 

256,351 

2,920 

207,405 

45,988 

29,690 



6,204 

10,697 

16, 176 

167,150 

14,825 

80,591 

13,040 

42,869 

10,080 

89,405 

38,196 

23,464 

13,603,255 

1,966 

57,260 

37,358 
2,626 



12,843 
1,713 
1,835 
2,572 
9,960 



18,420 

28,196 

12,962 

23,070 

10,194 

256 

2,102 

876 

1,292 

1,3U 

900 

905 

501 

511 

126 

126 

10,373 

10,919 

14,937 

18.024 

12,371 

13,433 

4,218 

4,293 

293 

298 

21,690 

25,175 



26,873 

42,720 

26,821 

26,165 

7,259 

18,906 

11,202 

14,162 

1,486 

2,393 

375 
429 

1,141 
1,964 

28,828 

14,014 

11,260 

1,121,845 

6,817 

1,282,712 

6,201 

3,890 

1,371 

940 

379 

189 

43 

5 

28,022 

36,083,717 

17,000 

2,296,995 

11,684 
1,357,605 
27,134 
175,272 
2,415 
154,185 
31,300 
21,395 



6,120 
10,675 
16.493 
139,388 
15,214 
67,193 
13,433 
37,322 

9,570 

69,243 

33,607 

26,320 

9,427,142 

2,007 
39,761 

26,300 
1,912 



15,065 
1,815 
2,803 
1,887 
5,880 



15,599 

25,874 

8,803 

17,197 

7,326 

261 

1,434 

632 

1,005 

1,043 

621 

626 

320 

325 

86 

86 

6,337 

6,580 

9,233 

10,821 

7,5% 

8,412 

2,213 

2,223 

161 

181 

16,958 

18,316 



24,305 

32,277 

24,205 

23,587 

7,730 

15,857 

6,624 

7,782 

666 

908 

122 
143 

555 
765 

27,220 

9,399 

7,551 

578,828 

4,229 

600,406 

4,002 

2,864 

651 

487 

97 

93 

31 

6 

25,972 

12,744,148 

10,888 

1,211,734 

8,059 

740,713 

U,912 

104,108 

1,494 

91,425 

21,584 

14,275 



6,505 
11,571 
15,368 
102,787 
U,492 
53,415 
12,761 
31,389 

7,345 

40,737 

20,685 

26,618 

4,967,951 

1,412 
19,934 

13,627 
1,123 



^Excludes farms reporting expenditures for commercial fertilizer and lijne. 



28 



SIZE OF OPERATION BY TYPE OF FARM 



Table 1.-FARMS AND FARM CHARACTERISTICS FOR ALL POULTRY FARMS, BY ECONOMIC CLASS: CENSUS OF 1954-Continued 



[Data are based on reports for only a sample of farms. See text. Statistics for subregions in I^ble 8 1 



(For definitioDB and explanations, see -text) 



Livestock and livestock products sold: 

Cattle and calves sold alive farms reporting.. 

number. . 
dollars. . 

Hogs and pigs sold alive farms reporting.. 

number . . 
dollars . . 

Chickens sold farms reporting.. 

dollars . . 

Chicken eggs sold farms reporting.. 

dozens . . 
dollars.. 

Mill! soldi pounds. . 

dollars. . 

Sheep sold farms reporting . . 

number. . 
dollars . . 
Farms reporting by number of chickens on hand: 

Under 400 chickens farms reporting.. 

400 to 799 chickens farms reporting. . 

800 to 1,599 chickens farms reporting.. 

1,600 to 3,199 chickens farms reporting.. 

3,200 chickens and over farms reporting.. 

Farms reporting by dozens of eggs sold: 

Under 800 dozen farms reporting. . 

800 to 1,999 dozen farms reporting.. 

2,000 to 4,999 dozen farms reporting.. 

5,000 dozen and over farms reporting. . 

ESTIMATED VALUE OF FARM PRODUCTS SOLD (see text) 
All farm products sold dollars,. 

All crops sold dollars. . 

Field crops, other than vegetables and fruits 

and nuts , sold dollars . . 

Vegetables sold dollars. . 

Fruits and nuts sold dollars. . 

Horticultural specialties sold dollars. . 

All livestock and livestock products sold dollars.. 

Dairy products sold dollars. . 

Poultry and poultry products sold dollars . . 

Livestock and livestock products, other than 

dairy and poultry, sold dollars.. 

Forest products sold dollars.. 

SPECIFIED CROPS HABVESIED 

Com for all purposes farms reporting . . 

acres . . 

Com harvested for grain farms reporting.. 

acres.. 

bushels harvested . . 

bushels sold . . 

Sorghum for all purposes except sirup farms reporting., 

acres. , 

Sorghum harvested for grain or seed bushels sold.. 

Wheat threshed or combined acres . . 

bushels harvested., 
bushels sold.. 

Spring wheat threshed or combined acres . . 

bushels harvested., 
bushels sold. . 

Oats threshed or combined acres. , 

bushels harvested. . 
bushels sold. . 

Barley threshed or combined farms reporting . . 

acres . , 

bushels harvested,. 

bushels sold . . 

Rye threshed or combined bushels sold . . 

Buckwheat threshed or combined... bushels sold.. 

Flaxseed threshed or combined bushels sold . . 

Rice threshed or combined bushels sold.. 

Soybeans harvested for beans bushels. . 

Soybeans cut for hay tons.. 

Peanuts harvested for picking or threshing pounds., 

Cotton harvested farms reporting., 

acres., 
bales. 

Popcorn harvested pounds . 

Sugar beets harvested for sugar tons , , 

Tobacco harvested pounds. 

Tobacco harvested (type not specified ) pounds . 

Burley tobacco harvested pounds. 

Dark-fired tobacco harvested pounds . 

Dark air-cured tobacco harvested pounds . 

Flue-cured tobacco harvested pounds. 

Binder tooacco harvested pounds . 

Irish potatoes harvested for home use or 

for sale bushels. 

Sweetpotatoes harvested for home use or 

for sale bushels . 

Vegetables harvested for sale farms reporting. 

dollars. 

Land in bearing and nonbearing fruit orchards, groves, 

vineyards, and planted nut trees^ farms reporting. 

acres. 

Apples^ bushels harvested. 

Peaches ^ bushels harvested , 



All 

ccmnerclal 

fojnifi 



2,168,490 

42,590,662 

4,219,053,073 

1,255,555 

56,641,238 

2,289,760,716 

921,435 

696,321,848 

1,391,630 

2,663,617,211 

922,141,662 

93,710,976,980 

3,330,025,237 

259,762 

22,425,250 

330,536,753 

(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 



31,298,622,950 
11,955.045,301 

9,735,818,610 
628,498,349 

1,186,848,705 
403,879,637 

12,223,361.628 
3,330,025,237 
1,907,376,647 

,985,959,744 
120,216,021 



2,300,261 

74,377,194 

2,046,377 

63,394,112 

2,547,823,454 

992,119,020 

329,899 

17,112,709 

175,930,777 

50,582,348 

900,761,498 

800,412,820 

14,304,189 

166,017,093 

140,147,001 

37,312,820 

1,301,894,795 

344,163,274 

308,436 

12,440,079 

352,824,132 

235,606,108 

10,397,747 

970,191 

31,332,584 

142,050,327 

322,324,503 

737,530 

851,977,545 

731,802 

17,963,656 

12,516,285 

156,266,472 

L2,766,368 

L,822,282,985 
427,597,922 
432,733,314 
46,103,715 
22,877,855 
861,260,424 
24,786,230 

330,340,999 

23,603,806 

228,909 

628,498,349 



288,709 

3,610,183 

107,019,140 

55,106,900 



Econcnxic class 



53,990 

444,371 

32,052,476 

27,842 

557,715 

18,103,668 

Ul,014 

602,343,355 

109,970 

1,205,626,316 

472,317,245 

788,110,464 

27,866,148 

8,432 

224,882 

3,242,358 

65,495 
22,022 
13,199 
11,276 
7,043 

13,722 
19,833 
27,546 
48,869 



1,486,073,969 

67,801,978 

51,507,319 

5,173,796 

10,315,138 

805,725 

1,415,911,514 

27,866,148 

1,333,334,395 

54,710,971 
2,365,477 



58,592 

383,750 

53,545 

793,096 

29,956,481 

8,782,795 

6,265 

108,076 

257,533 

279,054 

6,703,903 

4,778,587 

26,685 

488,110 

345,960 

442,597 

15,422,188 

3,565,468 

6.737 

85,435 

2,843,391 

949,150 

149,523 

30,635 

103,045 

111,632 

1,333,552 

13,186 

2,901,965 

6,592 

70,750 

38,265 

2,231,150 

32,750 

6,961,213 

3,090,219 

1,324,918 

23,000 

37,320 

2,430,756 

50,000 

2,969,051 

261,397 

9,968 

5,173,796 



17,977 

70,582 

1,323,877 

650,232 



5,078 

107,327 

11,347,458 

2,816 

164,605 

6,577,266 

10,507 

271,709,072 

5,175 

338,125,837 

UO, 956, 198 

194,042,718 

8,104,267 

1,064 

72,046 

1,166,719 

1,339 
321 
291 
757 

3,171 

405 

186 

236 

4,348 



643,971,221 

23,342,696 

17,133,439 

1,275,911 

4,667,651 

265,695 

625,022,419 

3,104,267 

597,532,652 

19,335,500 
606, 106 



4,559 

193,975 

4,072 

173,680 

8,532,311 

3,059,030 

420 

11,315 

68,898 

58,202 

1,467,723 

1,300,706 

5,095 

120,981 

100,279 

80,070 

3,152,019 

882,138 

967 

29,604 

1,023,543 

429,672 

61,833 

47,995 
92,221 

703,742 
2,046 

943,315 

481 

U,199 

11,021 

372,300 
16,145 

1,040,660 

623,704 

159,250 

17,500 

240,206 



1,514,927 

71,670 

827 

1,275,911 



1,603 

17,274 

797,455 

270,979 



11,203 

113,679 

7,575,528 

5,768 

141,644 

4,686,224 

25,874 

199,234,416 

14,949 

397,302,903 

153,614,097 

266,620,686 

10,105,983 

1,695 

52,260 

753,629 

6,362 
335 
2,581 
6,002 
3,377 

1,265 
484 
608 
12,592 



20,142,722 

15,4^7,975 

1,789,670 

2,576,682 

323,395 

428,255,355 

10,105,983 

404,810,611 

13,338,761 
660,414 



11,279 

221,509 

9,993 

194,166 

7,350,520 

2,715,975 

1,088 

23,861 

113,650 

70,530 

1,772,784 

1,403,775 

6,396 

135,011 

97,871 

109,923 

4,096,342 

1,040,155 

1,673 

21,867 

799,633 

245,461 

44,865 

5,530 

24,005 

15,555 

624,685 

2,265 

437,595 

1.543 

20,555 

10,943 

1,466,225 

14,425 

2,493,903 

1,019,600 

477,093 

5,500 

941,710 
50,000 

649,455 

61,996 
2,232 

1,789,670 



3,084 

17,469 

228,632 

190,380 



11,407 

82,943 

5,197,647 

5,749 

106, 567 

2,950,583 

26,521 

34,810,840 

18,144 

220,361,573 

84,738,074 

146,457,810 

4,716,233 

1,479 

36,118 

505,634 

6,938 
3,409 
7,904 
3,436 
365 

1,581 

683 

928 

14,952 



210,336,471 

12,004,133 

9,623,744 

1,042,850 

1,253,904 

83,635 

197,765,594 

4,716,283 

184,164,259 

8,885,052 
566,694 



11,621 

162,690 

10,693 

144,495 

4,943,985 

1,426,395 

1,166 

21,738 

34,835 

62,397 

1,478,227 

1,055,931 

8,232 

118,628 

90,115 

94,517 

3,275,585 

722,125 

1,537 
15,615 
495,768 
156,450 
30,095 
10,090 
13,785 

226,155 

2,615 
682,770 

1,923 
13,793 

9,283 
111,965 

1,700 

1,861,335 

655,530 

340,155 

1,000 

14,000 

850,650 



48,525 

2,251 

1,042,850 



3,644 
13,006 
120,659 

60,177 



11,028 

64,395 

3,776,607 

5,566 

72,609 

2,079,276 

25,265 

32,455,723 

20,783 

133,223,234 

50,933,826 

89,044,587 

2,621,800 

1,530 

32,940 

432,032 

8,583 

8,655 

5,356 

765 

105 

1,228 

719 

5,510 

13,326 



105,110,633 

7,611,921 

5,786,094 

625,705 

1,141,117 

59,005 

97,190,684 
2,621,300 
38,060,129 

6,508,755 
308,033 



11,445 

126,503 

10,642 

120,636 

4,014,500 

923,360 

1,243 

19,332 

25,585 

43,434 

1,074,109 

652,370 

4,250 

73,705 

42,640 

76,728 

2,535,142 

5U,72; 

1,383 

10,995 

334,080 

77,813 

8,010 

11,715 

9,345 

3,856 

157,885 

2,250 

546,365 

1,309 

10,769 

4,573 

297,260 

450 

1,037,095 
573,470 
167,195 

5,250 
291,180 



254,411 

30,011 

2,048 

625,705 



3,706 
10,331 
99,776 
95,563 



11,152 

48,913 

2,377,796 

4,942 

50,868 

1,306,514 

24,734 

11,723,527 

24,935 

61,977,752 

30,599,959 

62,408,002 

,1,635,803 

1,467 

20,391 

263,640 

17,248 

7,096 

1,676 

270 

30 

1,425 
3,394 
15,965 
3,651 



54,318,674 

3,508,007 

2,713,531 

343,095 

416,321 

35,060 

50,651,098 

1,635,803 

44,409,944 

4,605,351 
159,569 



11,079 

107,335 

10,223 

96,900 

2,990,915 

499,070 

1,155 

16,092 

12,725 

23,465 

617.050 

278,040 

2,100 

32,330 

14,300 

52,896 

1,629,145 

309,745 

800 
5,045 
146,607 
35,459 
2,020 
3,050 
2,735 

74,385 

2,160 

199,215 

396 

5,264 

1,895 

12,075 

30 

456,735' 

186,565 

155,600 

4,000 

13,070 

97,500 



26,265 

1,650 

343,095 



3,444 
7,380 
52,623 
24,235 



Not available. ^Includes milk equivalent of cream and butterfat sold. ^Does not include data for farms with less than 20 trees or grapevines. 



SUMMARY FOR THE UNITED STATES 29 

Table l.-FARMS AND FARM CHARACTERISTICS FOR ALL POULTRY FARMS, BY ECONOMIC CLASS: CENSUS OF 1954- Continued 



I Data are based on reports for only a sample of farms. See text. Statistics for subregions in Table 8 ] 



Item 
(For definitions and explenatlans, see tert) 



All 

ccxunercial 

fauna 



Econcinic claas 



SPECIFIED CROPS HARVESTED— Continued 

Alfalfa and alfalfa mixtures cut for hay (and for 

dehydrating) acres. . . 

tons. . . 
tons sold . . . 
Clover, tijnothy, and mixtures of clover and grasses 

cut for hay acres . . . 

tons . . . 
tons sold . . . 

Lespedeza cut for hay acres . . . 

tons . . . 
tons sold . . . 
Vetch or peas, alone or mixed with oats or other grains^ 

cut for hay ....acres... 

tons... 
tons sold. . . 
Oats, wheat, barley, rye, or other small grains 

cut for hay acres. . . 

tons . . . 
tons sold. .. 

Wild hay cut acres. . . 

tons . . . 
tons sold . . . 
Grass silage made from grasses, alfalfa, clover, 

or small grains acres . . . 

tons, green weight... 

Other hay cut acres. ,. 

tons. . . 
tons sold . . . 

Nursery products sold dollars. . . 

Cut flowers, potted plants, florist greens, and 

bedding plants sold dollars. . . 

Vegetables grown under glass, flower seeds, vegetable seeds, 
vegetable plants, bulbs, and mushrooms sold dollars... 



25,352,943 
54,115,556 
9,475,922 

15,672,584 
22,367,533 

1,411,929 

2,813,741 

2,458,220 

135,283 

48,309 
85,368 
9,661 

4,163,669 
4,632,385 

295,045 
12,106,511 
9,328,205 

618,625 

1,158,671 
6,759,132 
4,643,189 
4,814,116 
360,480 
138,077,412 

208,777,391 

57,024,834 



232,236 

466,925 

90,012 

325,874 
448,298 
53,725 
69,869 
58,720 
3,120 

2,466 

4,223 

820 

79,403 
95,460 

6,455 
50,459 
43,849 

2,715 

18,656 

105,722 
108,344 
112,090 
12,050 
170,605 

263,640 

371,480 



57,188 
140,394 
41,453 

51,846 
80,598 
15,010 
3,397 
7,566 
560 

385 
780 
155 

12,183 
16,020 
1,352 
8,422 
7,511 
580 

10,359 
61,887 
17,432 
21,511 
3,537 
45,000 

92,500 

128,195 



53,519 
110,936 
23,549 

74,054 
109,808 
13,710 
19,381 
16,693 
1,465 

646 

1,058 

170 

21,504 

28,155 

3,495 

9,166 

3,037 

410 

4,773 
26,305 
28,424 
32,263 

4,720 
29,125 

90,835 

208,435 



41,508 
78,794 
14,035 

63,075 
87,882 
10,330 
14,101 
12,721 
520 

195 

360 

10 

16,484 

21,000 

1,225 

8,471 

7,631 

720 

2,240 
11,400 
21,579 
22,055 

1,808 
26,145 

33,725 



33,387 

60,533 

6,630 

56,621 
73,651 

7,915 
11,205 

9,690 
380 

710 

1,145 

360 

12,083 
13,395 
188 
9,185 
8,530 
525 

774 

3,705 

15,295 

U,931 

1,055 

30,900 

22, 180 

5,925 



29,697 

49,817 

3,840 

48,105 
59,638 

5,140 

8,960 

6,355 

105 

420 
740 
125 

9,427 
9,380 

130 
6,715 
4,995 

265 

380 

1,725 

14,696 

13,280 

690 
13,685 

18,350 

3,025 



16,937 

26,451 

505 

32,173 

36,521 

1,620 

7,825 

5,695 

90 

110 
140 



7,722 
7,510 
65 
8,500 
7,145 
215 

130 
700 

10,918 

8,050 

240 

25,750 

6,050 
2,085 



412358 O - 57 - 4 



30 



SIZE OF OPERATION BY TYPE OF FARM 

Table 1-FARMS AND FARM CHARACTERISTICS FOR ALL LIVESTOCK, OTHER THAN DAIRY 
AND POULTRY FARMS, BY ECONOMIC CLASS: CENSUS OF 1954 

[Data are based on reports Cor only a sample of farms. See text. Statistics for subregions in Table 9j 



Item 
(For definitions and explanations, see text) 



All 

commercial 
farms 



Economic class 



FOOE, iCBEtOE, AND VALOE 

Paraa,** • • number. 

Percent distribution percent. 

Land io fana acres. 

Percent distribution percent. 

Average size of farm acres. 

Value of land and buildings: 

Average per farm dollars . 

Average per acre dollars . 

Land in farns accordiag to use: 

Cropland harvested farms reporting. 

acres. 

Percent distribution percent. 

Cropland used only for pasture..... farms reporting. 

acres . 
Cropland not harvested and not pastured farms reporting. 

acres . 

Woodland pastured farms reporting. 

acres . 
Woodland not pastured farms reporting . 

acres . 
Other pasture (not cropland 
and not woodland ) farms reporting. 

acres. 
Iii5>roved (see text).\. farms reporting. 

acres . 
Other land (house lots, roads, 
wasteland, etc.) farms reporting. 

acres . 
Cropland, total farms reporting. 

acres . 
land pastured, total farms reporting. 

acres . 
Woodland, total farms reporting. 

acres . 
Irrigated land in farms farms reporting. 

acres . 



RESIDENCE OF FARM OPERATOR 

Residing on farm operated operators reporting. 

Not residing on farm operated operators reporting . 

Operators not reporting residence number. 

FARie BY SIZE 

Tbder 10 acres number . 

10 to 29 acres number. 

30 to 49 acres number. 

50 to 69 acres number . 

70 to 99 acres number. 

100 to 139 acres number . 

140 to 179 acres number. 

180 to 219 acres number . 

220 to 259 acres number. 

260 to 499 acres number . 

500 to 999 acres number. 

1,000 acres and over number. 

FARM OPERATORS BY COLOR AND TENURE 

All farn operators: 

Owners, part owners, and managers number. 

All tenants number . 

Croppers number. 

All white operators: 

Owners, part owners, and managers number. 

All tenants number. 

Croppers number. 

All nonwbite operators: 

Owners, part owners, and managers number. 

All tenants number . 

Croppers number. 

FARU OPERATORS BY AGE 

Under 25 years ; operators reporting. 

25 to 34 years operators reporting. 

35 to tt years operators reporting . 

45 to 54 years operators reporting. 

55 to 64 years operators reporting. 

65 years and over operators reporting. 

OFF-FARM WORK AND OTHER INCOME 

Fan operatora^ 

With other income of family exceeding value of farm 

products sold Operators reporting. 

Working off their farms, by days 

worked, total operators reporting. 

None operators reporting. 

1 to 99 days operators reporting. 

100 to 199 days operators reporting. 

200 days or more operators reporting . 



3,327,889 

XXX 

1,032,493,352 

XXX 

310.3 

25,437 

83.07 

3,148,874 
321,586,517 

XXX 

1,412,539 

57,506,468 

889,841 

52,491,969 

1,057,059 

94,424,817 

919,891 

55,836,567 

1.488,954 

415,276,760 

311,862 

16,094,374 

2,982,199 

35,370,254 

3,224,297 

431,584,954 

2,602,192 

567,208,045 

1,616,252 

150,261,384 

264,488 

29,033,584 



3,055,919 

202,894 

69,076 



145,400 
351,398 
271,523 
211,758 
368,902 
391,913 

403,032 
231,719 
190,412 
451,921 
182,550 
127,361 



2,368,210 
959,679 
241,882 



2,271,292 
719,195 
95,132 



96,918 
240,484 
146,750 



72,001 
459,899 
776,985 

809, 004 
668,587 
477,841 



359,188 

1,113,085 

2,155,510 

679,443 

136,920 

296,722 



694,838 
100.0 

507,776,265 
100.0 
730.7 

36,363 

50.15 

613,679 

78,210,133 

100.0 

359,600 
23,445,937 

143,205 
10,266,167 

251,122 
51,398,474 

139,362 
12,394,756 

414,652 

320,645,439 

86,865 

9,567,685 

660,468 

11,415,359 

649,812 

111,922,237 

664,040 

395,489,850 

328,796 

63,793,230 

47,447 

7,422,479 



636,012 

47,470 
11,406 



11,232 
19,718 
25,336 
24,366 
60,637 
75,465 

102,268 
60,156 
54,653 

131,823 
60,101 
69,133 



558,996 

135,892 

1,953 



554,136 

134,716 

1,764 



4,860 

1,176 

189 



8,575 
86,693 

147,514 
165,218 
155,268 
121,086 



85,927 

218,232 

459,961 
125,173 
24,188 
68,871 



39,835 
5.7 

180,811,350 

35.6 

4,539.0 

142,449 
33.87 

36,492 

13,590,768 

17.4 

22,443 

3,930,270 

7,612 

1,841,183 

9,021 

12,008,245 

4,745 

1,259,767 

24,249 

145,551,244 

6.184 

3,044,759 

37,630 

2,629,873 

37,450 

19,362,221 

37,373 

161,489,759 

11,929 

13,268,012 

7,259 

3,175,530 



34,378 

4,798 

659 



233 
237 
187 
165 
507 
661 

2,456 

2,107 
2,978 

12,319 
5,817 

12,168 



28,571 

11,264 

20 



28,534 
11,263 

20 



412 
7,082 
11,260 
9,633 
7,038 
3,283 



1,687 

8,267 

30,534 

5,912 

652 

1,703 



121,287 
17.5 

120,859,243 
23.8 
996.5 

58,179 
59.72 

116,132 

23,417,678 

29.9 

72,291 

4,903,363 

21,449 

2,111,074 

32,266 

10,072,705 

17,960 

1,539,611 

70,692 

76,323,872 

15,489 

2,158,072 

117,576 

2,490,940 

117,947 

30,432,115 

116,860 

91,299,940 

42,796 

11,612,316 

9,953 

1,826,484 



112,403 
7,403 
1,481 



375 
435 
500 
561 
2,586 
6,790 

19,729 
13,778 
14,960 
31,204 
11,346 
19,023 



80,545 

40,742 

116 



80,413 

40,714 

116 



132 
28 



1,651 
23,888 
34,026 
30,226 
20,825 

9,023 



4,128 

30,174 

87,819 

23,930 

1,967 

4,277 



152,413 

21.9 

87,792,382 
17.3 
576.0 

34,774 
60.38 

144,817 

20,446,455 

26.1 

82,241 

4,838,312 

30,131 

2,128,071 

48,687 
9,186,954 

26,067 
2,058,792 

95,354 

46,661,847 

18,657 

1,729,062 

147,514 

2,471,951 

148,010 

27,412,838 

148,048 

60,687,113 

63,604 

11,245,746 

9,899 

1,188,184 



141,695 
8,771 
1,947 



596 
1,107 
1,522 
1,657 
9,572 
16,852 

28,824 
15,688 
14,374 
30,121 
14,111 
17,989 



113,918 

38,495 

341 



113,670 

38,418 

320 



248 
77 
21 



2,316 
23,201 
37,972 
39,423 
31,395 
16,243 



9,616 

42,164 
106,111 

29,360 
3,986 
8,818 



143,072 
^0.6 

59,761,460 

11.8 

417.7 

23,895 
57.33 

129,414 

12,235,342 

15.6 

71,072 

4,194,139 

31,222 

1,934,602 

52,233 
8,273,037 

28,363 
2,490,244 

89,465 

28,824,135 

17,689 

1,331,554 

136, 103 

1,809,961 

135,519 

18,364,083 

137,872 

41,291,311 

68, 141 

10,763,281 

9,539 

732,641 



130, 149 
9,804 
3,119 



1,539 
3,022 
4,376 
5,079 
15,385 
18,003 

21,915 
11,896 
9,556 
26,203 
14,418 
11,680 



120,800 

22,272 

357 



120,299 

22,146 

324 



501 
126 
33 



1,952 
16, 142 
29,277 
35,808 
34,385 
23,573 



22,923 

51,598 
88, 186 
25,825 
7,004 
18,769 



137,490 
19.8 

40,049,110 

7.9 

291.3 

16,541 
56.17 

111,771 

6,176,298 

7.9 

66,079 

3,550,592 

30,878 

1,428,247 

59,556 
7,586,574 

32,895 
2,909,451 

81,411 

17,057,391 

18,429 

963,357 

128,184 

1,340,557 

124,143 

11,155,137 

130,618 

28,194,557 

77,207 

10,496,025 

7,888 

388,833 



123,493 
11,506 
2,491 



3,623 
6,937 
8,990 
8,244 
17,553 
18,141 

17,639 
10,000 

7,918 
21,324 
10,611 

6,510 



122,598 

14,892 

623 



121,428 

14,550 

573 



1,170 

342 

50 



1,493 
11,848 
25,182 
32,593 
34,314 
29,706 



47,573 

65,833 
69,439 
19, 950 
10,579 
35,304 



100,791 
14.5 

18,502,720 

3.6 

183.6 

9,790 
51.23 

75,053 

2,343,592 

3.0 

45,474 

2,029,261 

21,913 

822,990 

49,319 
4,270,959 

29,332 
2,136,891 

■ 53,481 

6,226,950 

10,417 

340,881 

93,461 

672,077 

86,743 

5,195,843 

93,269 

12,527,170 

65, 119 

6,407,850 

2,909 

110,807 



93,894 

5,188 
1,709 



4,866 
7,980 
9,761 
8,660 
15,034 
15,018 

11,705 
6,687 
4,867 

10,652 
3,798 
1,763 



92,564 

8,227 

496 



89,792 
7,625 

411 



2,772 

602 

85 



751 

4,532 

9,797 

17,535 

27,311 

39,258 



20,196 
77,872 
20,1% 



SUMMARY FOR THE UNITED STATES 



31 



Table l.-FARMS AND FARM CHARACTERISTICS FOR ALL LIVESTOCK, OTHER THAN DAIRY 
AND POULTRY FARMS, BY ECONOMIC CLASS: CENSUS OF 1954-Coniinued 

[Data are based on reports for only a sample of farms. See text. Statistics for subregions in Table 9J 



(For deflnltionfi and explanations, gee text) 



All 

cccmerclal 
fanna 



Econonic class 



FARMS BY CLASS OF WORK POWER 

No tractor, horses, or mules farms reporting. 

No tractor and only 1 horse or mule farms reporting. 

No tractor and 2 or more horses and/or mules farms reporting. 

Tractor and horses and/or mules farms reporting. 

Tractor and no horses or mules farms reporting. 

SPECIFIED FACILITIES AND EQUIPMENT 

Telephone farms reporting. 

Electricity farms reporting. 

Television set farms reporting. 

Piped running water farms reporting. 

Home freezer farms reporting. 

Electiric pig brooder farms reporting. 

Power feed grinder farms reporting. 

Millling machine farms reporting. 

Grain combines farms reporting. 

number. 
Com pickers farms reporting. 

number. 
Pick-up hay balers farms reporting. 

number. 
Field forage harvesters farms reporting. 

number. 
Motortrucks - farms reporting. 

number. 
Tractors farms reporting. 

number. 
Wheel tractors other than garden farms reporting. 

number. 
Garden tractors farms reporting. 

number. 
Crawler tractors farms reporting. 

number. 
Automobiles farms reporting. 

number. 
FARM LABOR 

Weeli of Sept. 26-')ct. 2 and/or Oct. 34-30: 

Family and/or hired workers farms reporting. 

persons. 

Family workers, including operator farms reporting. 

Operators working 1 hour or more persons. 

1 to 14 hours persons . 

15 hours or more persons. 

Unpaid members of operator's family farms reporting. 

persons. 

Hired workers farms reporting. 

persons. 
Regular workers (to be employed 

150 days or more) farms reporting. 

persons. 
Seasonal workers (to be employed 

less than 150 days) farms reporting. 

persons. 
SPECIFIED FARM EXPENDITURES 

Specified farm expenditures^ farms reporting. 

Machine hire and/or hired labor farms reporting. 

Machine hire farms reporting, 

dollars. 

Hired labor farms reporting, 

dollars, 

$1 to $499 farms reporting, 

$1 to $99 farms reporting, 

$100 to $199 farms reporting, 

$200 to $499 farms reporting, 

$500 to $999 farms reporting, 

$1,000 to $2,499 farms reporting, 

$2,500 to $4,999 farms reporting, 

$5,000 and over farms reporting. 

Feed for livestock and poultry farms reporting, 

dollars. 

Gasoline and other petroleum fuel and oil farms reporting. 

dollars. 
Commercial fertilizer and 

fertilizing material farms reporting, 

dollars. 

tons. 

acres on which used. 

Lime and liming material farms reporting. 

dollars. 

tons, 

acres on which used, 

LIVESTOCK AND LIVESTOCK PRODUCTS 

LiT«ato^k on hud: 

Horses and mules farms reporting, 

number. 

All cattle and calves farms reporting, 

number. 
Cows, including heifers that have calved, ,, farms reporting, 

number. 

Milk cows farms reporting, 

number. 

All hogs and pigs farms reporting, 

number. 

Bom before June 1 farms reporting. 

Chickens 4 months old and over farms reporting. 

number. 

Sheep, total farms reporting, 

number. 
Number 1 year and over: 

Ewes number. 

Rams and wethers number. 



496,839 
135,364 
330,922 
858,118 
1,506,646 



1,745,567 

3,120,327 

1,204,223 

2,023,700 

1,139,542 

109,332 

668,851 

686,327 

896,010 

950,341 

662,654 

674,182 

426,979 

431,944 

193,503 

197,628 

1,773,239 

2,223,443 

2,398,698 

4,127,764 

2,340,870 

3,750,125 

223,851 

233,562 

115,662 

144,077 

2,479,206 

3,199,713 



3,129,241 
7,936,196 
3,084,012 
3,029,184 

496,571 
2,532,613 
1,421,260 
2,291,735 

697,337 
2,615,277 

323,208 
670,934 

458,384 
1,944,343 

3,308,888 

2,690,305 

2,073,506 

602,982,131 

1,944,892 

2,214,180,127 

1,285,814 

529,493 

330,778 

425,543 

236,747 

242,875 

99,170 

80,286 

2,551,473 

3,681,510,455 

2,666,693 

1,312,642,381 

2,294,541 

1,023,734,322 

17,765,047 

116,120,634 

450,334 

64,967,578 

16,208,244 

9,762,231 



1,324,404 

3,262,489 

2,626,959 
88,843,964 

2,529,921 
41,969,236 

2,166,476 
13,663,736 

1,792,467 
54,963,546 
27,718,057 

2,406,330 

340,361,325 

303,556 

30,176,433 

13,222,016 
1,037,822 



61,090 

17,071 

57,176 

249,328 

310,223 



464,443 

660,254 

277,209 

488,050 

302,893 

43,238 

244,730 

91,307 

235,631 

244,782 

235,626 

239,345 

130,765 

132,335 

54,960 

56,164 

419,319 

523,258 

564,223 

1,012,910 

556,172 

930,303 

53,333 

54,533 

23,993 

23,024 

567,008 

748,563 



660,778 
1,317,469 
648,019 
637,298 
123,616 
513,632 
254,141 
365,391 
154,410 
314,730 

36,005 
147,181 

36,435 
167,599 

693,049 

543,736 

428,171 

121,251,640 

395,398 

377,103,354 

259,615 

109,712 

67,329 

32,574 

44,976 

55,292 

22,413 

13,102 

642,032 

1,146,669,263 

601,358 

314,157,134 

398,526 

187,371,430 

3,145,697 

25,390,161 

114,608 

18,990,906 

5,449,449 

3,056,945 



323,575 
1,113,716 

657,313 
42,651,757 

616,233 
17,866,757 

463,018 
2,469,165 

480,933 
31,993,554 
16,244,217 

521,739 
65,379,130 

133,061 
23,032,540 

13,940,395 
319,166 



910 

182 

1,581 

19,530 

17,632 



35,096 

38,759 

23,510 

36,660 

27,123 

6,094 

24,040 

5,334 

24,413 

27,730 

22,631 

24,050 

16,474 

17,344 

12,832 

13,587 

34,576 

69,964 

37,219 

120,283 

36,845 

107,120 

5,205 

5,460 

5,663 

7,703 

38,276 

83,846 



39,445 
149,083 
37,263 
36,731 
5,348 
31,333 
14,112 
22,529 
23, 107 
89,823 

23,690 
61,818 

10,444 
28,005 

39,784 

33,039 

25,887 

22,143,689 

36,049 

164,063,179 

6,421 

1,407 

1,634 

3,380 

3,187 

9,773 

8,216 

8,452 

38,570 

416,908,864 

38,863 

60,714,985 

27,040 

39,306,103 

614,810 

4,757,191 

8,726 

3,298,460 

979,494 

529,914 



21,293 

193,912 

37,740 

12,101,277 

31,142 

3,897,928 

24,225 

154,713 

26,600 

5,526,776 

2,735,247 

24,592 

4,390,418 

9,535 

10,860,944 

6,046,765 
291,505 



2,798 
514 

2,976 
46,062 
68,935 



103,433 

118,883 

66,163 

104,517 

71,933 

13,023 

68,108 

26,330 

74,421 

77,095 

76,794 

73,091 

40,418 

40,695 

20,143 

20,427 

88,077 

114,642 

115,254 

262,143 

114,575 

240,376 

14,185 

14,458 

6,046 

6,807 

115,517 

164,997 



119,045 
272,849 
116,479 
115,009 
17,022 
97,987 
52,001 
78,313 
44,242 
79,527 

28,799 
41,149 

21,290 
38,378 



120,971 

106,978 

33,755 

30,332,270 

91,075 

99,078,131 

45,016 

14,665 

11,871 

18,460 

13,881 

30,892 

8,333 

2,953 

116,913 

322,510,442 

117,773 

.90,133,905 

35,727 

57,714,775 

914,141 

7,838,933 

27,257 

5,693,311 

1,730,724 

869,735 



49,554 

212,123 

116,685 

10,629,750 

105,330 

4,314,039 

33,126 

568,360 

96, 575 

11,174,352 

5,647,126 

91,955 

17,067,665 

26,332 

5,385,186 

3,261,520 
192,572 



4,939 
1,078 
4,594 
58,954 
82,798 



117,203 

148,160 

67,232 

114,870 

■?3,980 

13,669 

71,499 

31,387 

71,293 

72,917 

77,417 

78,100 

36,207 

36,517 

12,899 

12,909 

95,609 

112,900 

142,180 

258,673 

141,263 

240,686 

12,654 

12,901 

4,597 

5,091 

138,490 

175,218 



148,327 

298,297 

145,796 

143,796 

22,544 

121,252 

65,135 

95,361 

33,854 

58,640 

16,593 
22,359 

20,311 
36,281 



152, 

129; 

106 
29,373; 
96; 
55,706; 
66 
25; 

17; 

23 

12; 

12; 
3, 
1 

145; 

206,108; 

146; 

77,318; 



48 



9,418 
2,163 
8,549 
57,253 
65,689 



94,988 

136,841 

51,916 

95,729 

57,475 

6,636 

46,658 

18,620 

41,289 

42,206 

40,891 

41,162 

21,307 

21,919 

5,890 

5,986 

83,595 

96,097 

123,517 

186,265 

121,936 

172,476 

9,502 

9,734 

3,694 

4,075 

119,006 

144,699 



136,722 

252,659 

134,281 

131,938 

24,637 

107,301 

54,927 

77,681 

24,023 

43,040 

9,724 
12,817 

16,119 
30,223 

142,841 

114,738 

93,347 

,033,482 

73,954 

,120,875 

61,300 

26,405 

16,202 

18,693 

3,619 

6,962 

1,545 

523 

132,363 

',737,396 

130,237 

,937,039 



94,744 

41,469,238 

689,006 

5,918,520 

29,196 

4,500,700 

1,249,301 

725,193 



64,626 
210,907 
146,392 

6,479,506 
136,757 

3,900,497 
109,135 
711,133 
120,595 

6,531,857 

4,510,799 

120,391 

19,237,613 

31,144 

3,251,210 

2,068,933 
128,751 



77,588 

25,302,167 

457,796 

3,579,526 

22,583 

2,839,373 

798,596 

463,506 



67,965 

196,414 

135,584 

5,303,441 

129,122 

2,844,933 

96,656 

498,902 

101,215 

4,235,493 

2,173,812 

108,223 

13,017,115 

29,522 

1,874,226 

1,441,955 
110,031 



19,032 
4,794 
16,571 
45,360 
51,733 



76,319 

123,095 

46,329 

36,766 

43,599 

3,191 

25,743 

7,342 

18,582 

19,045 

14,499 

14,518 

11,768 

11,601 

2,393 

2,445 

74,490 

83,856 

99,179 

129,528 

96,252 

117,492 

3,676 

3,320 

2,926 

3,216 

101,377 

119,927 



127,500 
212,959 

125,137 
122,404 
31,136 
91,266 
43,190 
59,005 
17,614 
31,550 

5,793 
7,359 

12,810 
24,191 

137,250 

97,707 

76,397 

13,439,197 

62,393 

19,303,669 

52,335 

25,096 

13,679 

13,560 

5,205 

3,906 

333 

109 

123,175 

63,746,235 

109,446 

26,613,753 

68,452 

16,500,373 

326,360 

2,291,613 

18,271 

1,917,905 

507,919 

336,899 



66,725 

174,572 

127,800 

3,884,104 

120,822 

1,998,134 

83,744 

321,435 

60,565 

1,850,084 

860,643 

98,292 

7,981,323 

24,255 

1,270,807 

855,485 
74,379 



23,943 
3,340 
22,903 
22,169 
23,436 



37,404 

39,516 

21,559 

49,508 

23,723 

675 

8,632 

2,244 

5,633 

5,739 

3,394 

3,424 

4,071 

4,109 

803 

310 

42,972 

45,799 

46,374 

55,993 

45,301 

51,651 

3,161 

3,210 

1,067 

1,132 

53,342 

59,376 



39,739 
131,622 
39,063 
67,420 
22,927 
64,493 
24,776 
32,002 
6,570 
12,200 

1,401 
1,679 

5,511 
10,521 



100,090 

54.457 

41.641 

4.929.832 

30,771 

5,821,163 

23,104 

17.111 

6,164 

4,829 

1.444 

1.006 

189 

28 

35,991 

24,657,925 

53,431 

9,833,763 

44,975 

7,078,724 

143,584 

1,004,178 

3,575 

741,152 

183,415 

129,698 



53,412 
125,763 

93,112 
1,753,679 

91,060 
931,221 

66,082 
214,622 

55,433 
674,492 
311,590 

78,236 
4,134,496 

12,173 
390,167 

266,237 
21,873 



^Excludes farms reporting expenditures for commercial fertilizer and lime. 



32 



SIZE OF OPERATION BY TYPE OF FARM 



Table l—FARMS AND FARM CHARACTERISTICS FOR ALL LIVESTOCK, OTHER THAN DAIRY 
AND POULTRY FARMS. BY ECONOMIC CLASS. CENSUS OF 1954-Continued 

QData are based on reports for only a sample of farms. See text. Statistics for subregions in Table y.*} 



(For definltloDS and expl^natloiiB, see text) 



All 

comierclal 

fajnis 



EcoQ<aiilc class 



Livestock and livestock products sold: 

Cattle and calves sold alive farms reporting... 

number... 
dollars... 

Hogs and pigs sold alive farms reporting., , 

number... 
dollars... 

Chickens sold farms reporting. . . 

dollars . . . 

Chicken eggs sold farms reporting... 

dozens ... 
dollars . . . 

Milk sold ^ founds . . . 

dollars... 

Sheep sold farms reporting... 

number.. . 
dollars... 

Farms reporting by total number of cattle on hand: 

Under 10 cattle .*•■ farms reporting... 

10 to 2^ cattle farms reporting... 

25 to 49 cattle farms reporting... 

50 to 99 cattle farms reporting... 

100 cattle and over farms reporting... 

Farms reporting by number of sows farrowli:g or to farrow: 

1 sow farms reporting. . , 

2 sows farms reporting... 

3 sows ■ farms reporting... 

< sows..... farms reporting... 

5 sows... farms reporting., , 

6 sows • farms reporting... 

7 sows farms reporting... 

8 sows. ................................... ....farms reporting... 

9 BOWS. ..,••... .farms reporting. . . 

10 sows and over farms reporting... 

Farms reporting by number of cattle, excluding calves sold: 

Under 10 cattle farms reporting... 

10 to 19 cattle farms reporting... 

20 to 29 cattle ••.. farms reporting... 

30 to .49 cattle ...farms reporting... 

50 to 99 cattle ■ farms reporting... 

lOO to 199 cattle farms reporting... 

200 cattle and over farms reporting... 

Farms reporting by number of hogs sold: 

Under 10 hogs.. ......................... ......farms reporting... 

10 to 29 hogs farms reporting... 

30 to 49 hogs farms reporting... 

50 to 99 hogs ......■....••■. farms reporting... 

KX) hogs and over .....farms reporting... 

ESIimm) VALUE OF FARM PHODUCTS SOIH (see text) 
All farm products sold dollars... 

An crops sold...................... ................ .....dollars... 

Field crops, other than vegetables and fruits 
and nuts, sold. ......................... .............dollars... 

Vegetables sold .dollars . . . 

Fruits and nuts sold..... dollars... 

Horticultural specialties sold dollars... 

AH livestock and livestock products sold dollars... 

Dairy products sold dollars... 

Poultry and poultry products sold dollars... 

Livestock and livestock products, other than 
dairy and poultry, sold ••,•..••• dollars... 

Forest products sold. ................... .................dollars... 

SPECIFIED CROPS HAHVESTED 
Com for all purposes.... ....................... .farms reporting... 

acres... 

Com harvested for grain ....farms reporting... 

acres... 

bushels harvested... 

bushels sold... 

Sorghum for all purposes except for sirup farms reporting... 

acres... 
Sorghum harvested for grain or for seed bushels sold... 

Wheat threshed or combined acres... 

bushels harvested... 
bushels sold... 

Spring wheat threshed or combined acres... 

bushels harvested... 
bushels sold... 

Oats threshed or combined acres... 

bushels harvested. . . 
bushels sold... 

Barley threshed or combined farms reporting... 

acres... 

bushels harvested... 

bushels sold... 

Rye threshed or combined bushels sold... 

Buckwheat threshed or combined bushels sold... 

Flaxseed threshed or combined bushels sold... 

Rice threshed or combined bushels sold... 



2,168,490 

42,590,662 

4,219,053,073 

1,255,555 

56,641,236 

2,289,760,716 

921,435 

696,321,848 

1,391,630 

2,663,617,211 

922,141,662 

93,710,976,980 

3,330,025,237 

259,762 

22,425,250 

330,536,753 



(KA) 
(KA) 
(NA) 
(KA) 
(NA) 



(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 



(m) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 



(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 



24,298,622,950 

11,955.045,301 

9,735,818,610 
628,498,349 

1,186,848,705 
403,879,637 

12.223,361,628 
3,330,025,237 
1,907,376,647 

6,985,959,744 

120,216,021 



2,300,261 

74,377,194 

2,046,377 

63,394,112 

2,547.823,454 

992,119,020 

329,899 
17,112,709 
175,980,777 

50,582,348 
900,761,498 
800,412,820 

14,304,189 
166,017,093 
140,147,001 

37,312,820 

1,301,894,795 

344,163,274 

308,436 

15,440,079 

352,824,132 

235,606,108 

10,397,747 
970,191 

31,332,584 
142,050,327 



644,200 

24,883,618 

3,065,485,431 

454,985 

36,539,157 

1,561,909,552 

244,942 

23,969,766 

367,041 

436,741,886 

124,715,492 

7,643,580,946 

198,097,736 

124,484 

18,061,826 

266,613,931 



89,061 
173,847 
181,548 
122,451 

90,406 



22,472 
28,685 
19,127 
24,805 
17,137 
21,785 
13,736 
19,828 
11,671 
224,952 



255,717 
108,575 
55,946 
49,579 
38,508 
17,540 
U,192 



48,349 
99,009 
70,»il 
112,662 
124,124 



6,134,474,399 

766,479,091 

745,690,582 

11,325,516 

8,534,906 

928,087 

5,355,774,124 
198,097,736 

156,837,783 

5,000,838,605 
12,221,184 



466,259 

23,211,945 

421,629 

19,749,339 

881,514,000 

124,489,027 

68,456 
3,171,989 
4,068,427 

7,369,119 
119,168,223 
99,307,087 
1,792,990 
17,143,319 
12,495,122 

11,939,017 

416,498,925 

52,090,673 

60,381 

1,688,652 

43,121,481 

11,136,869 

2,501,084 
82,885 

3,108,538 
662,048 



37,915 

9,525,628 

1,513,621,374 

26,151 

7,160,663 

338,866,401 

13,962 

3,366,807 

17,389 

35,847,869 

10,690,805 

708,620,491 

22,667,345 

9,329 

9,873,896 

157,448,379 



1,594 
1,352 
3,416 
8,197 
23,181 



484 
499 
333 
384 
292 
343 
155 
277 
180 
19,429 



1,537 
1,237 
1,365 
3,174 
8,872 
10,016 
10,170 



764 

1,575 

1,075 

2,700 

20,037 



2,314,972,411 

210,473,645 

203,696,214 

4,633,859 

2,000,850 

142,722 

2,101,550,344 
22,667,345 
17,884,635 

2,060,998,364 

2,948,422 



27,946 

3,493,667 

24,960 

2,925,328 

166,495,877 

28,634,609 

3,933 
672,046 
672,039 

1,631,524 

27,976,947 

25,505,132 

211,342 

3,080,993 

2,659,337 

1,517,660 
64,424,233 
10,831,654 
5,612 
424,294 
13,045,960 
4,766,634 

529,416 
1,680 

578,324 
564,527 



116,865 

6,033,509 

766,932,895 

96,584 

13,452,069 

602,921,365 

59,555 

7,093,407 

74,811 

138,620,317 

39,567,117 

2,561,744,ce5 

69,410,577 

24,846 

3,664,554 

50,407,789 



5,924 
13,235 
34,281 
34,809 
28,436 



1,234 
1,349 
1,078 
1,346 
1,149 
1,522 
1,078 
1,669 
1,303 
76,896 



21,847 
16,680 
16,568 
23,898 
21,370 
6,574 
918 



2,467 
5,337 
5,438 
18,805 
64,537 



1,849,102,849 

285,328,289 

280,866,198 

2,613,677 

1,703,229 

145,185 

1,561,304,417 
69,410,577 
48,188,610 

1,443,705,230 

2,470,143 



99,987 

7,592,817 

93,765 

6,633,454 

337,353,101 

59,206,588 

9,621 

743,579 

1,617,743 

2,277,739 
40,005,506 
35,177,960 
500,739 
5,451,209 
4,260,922 

3,946,053 

150,823,107 

21,581,861 

14,003 

441,875 

11,844,827 

2,989,394 

823,327 
10,185 

1,066,392 
65,650 



145,141 

4,080,309 

400,107,171 

119,582 

9,313,0U 

388,235,651 

70,987 

6,797,290 

96,696 

139,837,929 

39,123,478 

2,544,418,974 

62,847,599 

29,236 

2,096,830 

28,493,220 



9,363 
32,896 
51,135 
31,785 
21,213 



2,227 
2,854 
2,334 
3,173 
3,112 
4,183 
3,113 
5,625 
3,818 
80,310 



51,494 
31,599 
19,795 
14,994 
6,844 
779 
79 



4,602 
11,266 
15,462 
53,929 
34,323 



1.112,048,961 

168,069,122 

164,864,604 

1,835,524 

1,197,201 

171,793 

941,663,362 
62,847,599 
46,995,150 

831,820,613 

2,316,497 



121,640 

6,407,353 

112,356 

5,491,682 

231,671,395 

27,410,736 

14,196 
667,304 
948,589 

1,859,021 

29,676,894 

23,834,145 

564,851 

4,955,623 

3,531,992 

3,633,178 

120,674,475 

13,223,757 

16,965 

411,117 

9,643,165 

2,075,864 

686,381 
16,732 

977,509 
5,829 



133,104 

2,7U,681 

221,337,180 

97,445 

4,244,889 

158,939,042 

50,900 

4,109,397 

78,817 

76,244,329 

21,686,134 

1,247,466,459 

29,520,059 

27,534 

1,351,932 

17,655,947 



15,093 
41,708 
41,436 
25,540 
11,807 



3,910 
5,823 
4,576 
6,950 
5,443 
7,462 
5,191 
6,979 
4,053 
36,439 



58,130 

30,547 

12,928 

6,147 

1,243 

135 

25 



8,634 
23,994 
29,471 
30,929 

4,417 



535,743,202 

69,450,353 

66,578,528 

1,126,568 

1,685,482 

59,775 

464,295,834 
29,520,059 
26,631,617 

408,U4,158 

1,997,015 



96,836 
3,463,005 

66,250 
2,870,625 
98,678,941 
7,040,540 

16,473 
569,350 
584,807 

1,031,310 
14,366,923 
10,663,638 
351,934 
2,597,910 
1,558,742 

1,912,811 

56,093,630 

4,707,168 

13,432 

259,582 

5,492,555 

901,792 

322,745 
26,357 

380,632 
6,144 



123,687 

1,837,032 

125,330,510 

72,966 

1,812,624 

58,826,581 

32,338 

1,948,457 

59,662 

35,167,598 

10,327,189 

463,362,850 

10,727,058 

22,666 

851,605 

9,856,984 



25,375 
45,606 
34,642 
17,289 



6,654 
9,152 
6,665 
6,606 
5,170 
6,094 
3,253 
4,288 
1,917 
10,068 



65,717 

24,559 

4,906 

1,287 

179 

36 



13,515 
36,065 
16,990 
5,606 
810 



252,208,561 

27,324,120 

24,636,076 

669,904 

1,435,801 

382,337 

223,158,271 
10,727,058 

12,818,465 

199,612,748 
1,726,170 



71,634 

1,592,945 

62,527 

1,292,384 

35,781,868 

1,835,444 

14,727 
376,972 
201,957 

464,352 
5,875,327 
3,648,133 
137,419 
896,569 
440,906 

730,525 

19,455,320 

1,500,046 

8,016 

126,319 

2,589,064 

375,406 

123,591 
16,056 

95,669 
19,898 



NA Not available. 



^Includes milk equivalent of cream and butterfat sold. 



SUMMARY FOR THE UNITED STATES 



33 



Table l.-FARMS AND FARM CHARACTERISTICS FOR ALL LIVESTOCK, OTHER THAN DAIRY 
AND POULTRY FARMS, BY ECONOMIC CLASS: CENSUS OF 1954-Continued 

C Data are baaed on reports for only a sample of farms. See text. Statistics for subregions in Table 9] 



Item 
(For defiidtlons and explanations, see text) 



All 

ccmnerclal 

fajmB 



Econonlc class 



SPECIFIED CROPS HAHVESTED— Continued 

Soybeans harvested for beans. ...• •••••••■........•..bushels... 

Soybeans cut for hay •..•••...•••••.■•••••••••. ..tons.. . 

Cowpeas harvested for peas bushels. •• 

Covpeas cut for hay • tons . . . 

Peanuts harvested for picking or threshing. •.••••■■■■■■•. .pounds... 

Peanut vines or tops saved for hay or forage tons... 

Lespedeza seed harvested pounds. . • 

Cotton harvested farms reporting... 

acres... 

bales ... 

Popcorn harvested ..•pounds. •. 

Sugar beets harvested for sugar tons... 

Broomcorn harvested ••tons of brush^^^ 

Sugarcane harvested for sugar tons. , . 

Tobacco harvested pounds.. . 

Tobacco harvested (type not specified) pounds... 

Burley tobacco harvested .pounds . . . 

Dark-fired tobacco harvested pounds. . . 

Dark air -cured tobacco harvested pounds. .. 

Flue-cured tobacco harvested pounds... 

Sugarcane or sorghum harvested for sirup gallons. • . , 

Irish potatoes harvested for home use or 

for sale bushels... 

Sveetpotatoea harvested for home use or 

for sale bushels . . . 

Vegetables harvested for sale ..farms reporting... 

dollars... 

Land in bearing and nonbearing fruit orchards, groves, 

vineyards , and planted nut trees^ rarms reporting... 

acres. . . 

Apples ^ bushels harvested . . . 

Peaches ^1 bushels harvested... 

Alfalfa and alfalfa mixtures cut for hay (and for 

dehydrating) acres... 

tons . . . 
tons sold . . . 

Clover, timothy, and mixtures of clover and grasses 

cut for hay acres. . . 

tons. . . 
tons sold . . . 

Lespedeza cut for hay acres. . . 

tons. .. 
tons sold . . . 

Vetch or peas, alone or mixed with oats or other grains, 

cut for hay acres. . . 

tons. . . 
tons sold . . . 

Oats, wheat, barley, rye, or other small grains 

cut for hay .' acres. . . 

tons . . . 
tons sold . . . 

Wild hay cut acres. . . 

tons. . . 
tons sold... 

Crass silage made from grasses, alfalfa, clover, 

or small grains acres. . . 

tons, green weight... 

Other hay cut acres . . . 

tons . . . 
tons sold , . . 

Nursery products sold dollars . . . 

Cut flowers, potted plants, florist greens, and 
bedding plants sold dollars . . , 

Vegetables grown under glass, flower seeds, vegetable seeds, 
vegetable plants, bulbs, and mushrooms sold dollars... 



322,32.4,503 
737,530 
979,625 
117,769 

851,977,5« 

593,57"! 

•40,093,099 

731,802 
17,963,656 
12,516,285 
156,266,472 
12,766,368 
15,730 
6,531,040 

1,822,282,985 

427,597,922 

432,733,314 

46,103,715 

22,877,855 

861,260,424 

2,125,041 



330,340,999 

23,603,806 



228,909 
628,498,349 



288,709 

3,610,183 

107,019,140 

55,106,900 



25,352,943 
54,115,556 
9,475,922 



15,672,584 

22,367,533 

1,411,929 

2,813,741 

2,458,220 

135,283 



48,309 
85,363 
9,661 



4,163,669 

4,632,385 

295,045 

12,106,511 

9,328,205 

618,625 



1,158,671 
6,759,132 

4,643,189 
4,814,116 

360,480 

138,077,412 



208,777,391 
57,024,834 



56,186,098 

134,104 

42,886 

12,465 

41,926,960 
52,642 

11,632,442 

21,495 

420,461 

178,202 

22,956,355 

1,194,960 

1,017 

6,220 

44,573,162 
16,565,916 
21,751,467 
2,057,820 
2,353,585 
1,844,374 

79,215 



11,302,012 
634,297 



15,778 
11,325,516 



52,143 

215,063 

1,447,717 

732,214 



8,395,450 
16,410,969 
1,059,353 



4,744,430 

6,297,649 

210,204 

637,911 

588,634 

12,047 



8,788 

13,890 

386 



1,559,977 

1,671,883 

47,602 

7,548,208 

5,441,343 

155,144 



276,096 
1,499,451 

1,656,396 

1,563,193 

46,548 



235,708 



12,459,190 

6,007 

946 

83 

5,682,4B6 

2,965 

1,906,920 



78,892 

78,243 

5,863,430 

850,236 

117 

880 

5,945,429 

3,381,303 

2,377,942 

1^0,000 

35,610 

30,574 

2,635 

5,700,825 

74,257 

1,034 
4,633,859 



2,273 
26,625 
206,276 
317,807 



1,622,178 

3,688,984 

407,249 



630,880 

916,348 

37,937 

25,145 

26,228 

811 



548 
786 



202,616 

258,736 

10,005 

2,034,232 

1,590,899 

27,316 



99,955 
555,221 

225,844 

234,084 

8,138 



25,262,726 
17,042 
4,902 
1,183 
8,528,998 
6,767 
4,043,550 

1,670 

81,933 

27,524 

10,830,675 

268,545 

164 

1,640 

11,395,837 

5,534,194 

5,063,243 

325,400 

324,800 

148,200 

7,363 



1,642,237 
63,339 



2,432 
2,613,677 



7,U9 

36,157 

444,043 

36,097 



2,448,728 

5,073,290 

332,977 



1,290,011 

1,848,733 

67,541 

60,335 
65,694 
.1,617 



1,847 

3,269 

91 



275,872 

313,331 

10,758 

2,017,479 

1,458,579 

54,091 



100,947 
555,062 

319, 102 

321,793 

12,815 

27,165 



13,231,310 

27,953 

5,778 

1,768 

11,370,841 

11,884 

2,925,562 

3,329 

34,557 

26,114 

4,576,400 

46,457 

398 

2,200 

11,380,432 

3,731,835 

5,597,962 

534,890 

614,685 

901,060 

11,905 



1,736,372 
91,076 



2,630 
1,835,524 



9,737 
38,064 

205,707 
94,372 



2,208,466 

4,110,586 

191,190 



1,227,331 

1,643,148 

53,670 

112,054 

112,893 

2,571 



1,256 
2,016 



330,511 

357,007 

12,426 

1,725,473 

1,173,984 

41,630 



45,580 
243,793 

367,226 

348,336 

11,257 



119,828 



4,083,757 

35,228 

11,490 

2,314 

8,486,905 
12,520 

1,945,455 

5,260 

79,868 

23,347 

1,279,190 

25,347 

139 

1,500 

9,187,074 

2,063,509 

5,033,020 

805,630 

763,195 

521,720 

11,317 



923,239 

97,975 



3,219 
1,126,563 



11,033 

41,081 

229,541 

100,795 



1,302,203 

2,241,759 

92,891 



831,571 

1,021,478 

30,866 

150,031 

139,759 

3,375 



1,065 

1,660 

220 



322,267 

327,695 

7,769 

1,109,690 
759,645 
23,216 



18,275 
90,843 

313,907 

292,608 

7,925 

23,450 
19,735 
11,590 



962,750 

29,775 

12,533 

3,661 

5,368,595 

11,481 

628,395 

6,688 
69,426 

17,577 

288,600 

4,040 

109 



5,366,670 

1,368,005 

3,084,470 

241,650 

476,325 

195,720 

27,463 

638,346 

153,542 

3,710 
869,904 



12,742 

48,245 

232,035 

90,760 



629,849 

,014,767 
31,067 



521,974 

604,663 

16,904 

166,630 

147,539 

3,014 



2,527 

4,084 

75 



280,791 

280,115 

4,969 

496,979 

338,923 

7,535 



8,159 
40,637 

272,453 

239,280 

4,998 



186,365 

13,099 

7,237 

3,456 

2,489,135 

7,025 

182,560 

3,862 

25,785 

5,397 

68,010 

335 

40 



1,297,720 
487,070 
594,830 

30,250 
138,470 

47,100 

18,532 

610,993 

154,108 

2,753 
245,984 

9,219 
24,371 
130,115 
42,383 



184,026 

276,583 

3,989 



242,663 

263,279 

3,286 

123,716 

96,521 

659 



15,450 



8,831 



1,545 
2,075 



147,920 

134,999 

1,675 

164,355 

119,313 

1,356 



3,130 
13,890 

152,859 

127,092 

1,365 

18,325 



7,200 
750 



^Does not include data for farms with less than 20 trees or grapevines. See text. 



34 SIZE OF OPERATION BY TYPE OF FARM 

Table l.-FARMS AND FARM CHARACTERISTICS FOR ALL GENERAL PRIMARILY CROP FARMS, BY ECONOMIC CLASS: 

CENSUS OF 1954 

[Data are based on reports for only a sample of farms. See text, Subreglon statistics combined for all General Farms in Table lol 



Item 
(For definitions and explanations, see text) 



All 

comnercial 

farms 



Economic class 



FiUilS, ACR£AC£, AKD VALDE 

Faraa number. 

Percent distribution percent . 

Land io fans acres . 

Percent distribution percent. 

Average size of farm acres . 

Valoe of iaail aad buiidiaga: 

Average per farm dollars. 

Average per acre dollars. 

Land in fnra& according to uae; 

Cropland harvested farms reporting. 

acres. 

Percent distribution percent. 

Cropland used only for pasture..... farms reporting. 

acres . 
Cropland not harvested and not pastured farms reporting. 

acres . 

Woodland pastured farms reporting. 

acres . 
Woodland not pastured farms reporting. 

acres . 
Other pasture (not c. pland 
and not woodland) farms reporting. 

acres . 
Improved (see text).. farms reporting. 

acres . 
Other land (house lots, roads, 
wasteland, etc . ) farms reporting . 

acres . 
Cropland, total farms reporting . 

acres, 
land pastured, total farms reporting. 

acres . 
Woodland, total farms reporting. 

acres . 
Irrigated land in farms farms reporting. 

acres . 

RESIDENCE OF FARM OPERATOR 

Residing on farm operated operators reporting. 

Not residing on farm operated operators reporting. 

Operators not reporting residence number. 

FARIE BY SIZE 

Under 10 acres number . 

10 to 29 acres number. 

30 to ^9 acres number. 

50 to 69 acres number. 

70 to 99 acres number. 

100 to 139 acres number. 

lAO to 179 acres number. 

180 to 219 acres number. 

220 to 259 acres number. 

260 to '♦99 acres number. 

500 to 999 acres number. 

1,000 acres and over number. 

FARM OPERATORS BX COLOR AND TENURE 

All fara operatora: 

Owners , part owners , and managers number . 

All tenants number . 

Croppers number. 

All white operacara: 

Owners, part owners, and managers number. 

All tenants number. 

Croppers number. 

All nonwhite operatora; 

Owners, part owners, and managers number. 

All tenants number. 

Croppers number. 

FARU OPERATORS BY MSE 

Under 25 years operators reporting. 

25 to 3^ years operators reporting. 

35 to 44 years operators reporting. 

A5 to 54 years operators reporting. 

55 to 64 years operators reporting. 

65 years and over operators reporting. 

OFF-FARM WORK AND OTHER INCOME 

Fara operatora— 

With other income of family exceeding value of farm 

products sold operators reporting. 

Working off their farms, by days 

worked, total operators reporting. 

None operators reportijig . 

1 to 99 days operators reporting. 

100 to 199 days operators reporting . 

200 days or more operators reporting . 



1,032,493,352 
XXX 

310.3 

25,437 
83.07 

3,148,874 
321,586,517 

XXX 

1,412,539 

57,506,468 

889,841 

52,491,969 

1.057,059 

94,424,817 

919,891 

55,836,567 

1,488,954 

415,276,760 

311,862 

16,094,374 

2,982,199 

35,370,254 

3,224,297 

431,584,954 

2,602,192 

567,208,045 

1,616,252 

150,261,384 

264,488 

29,033,584 



3,055,919 
202,894 
69,076 



145,400 
351,398 
271,523 
211,758 
368,902 
391,913 

403,032 
231,719 
190,412 
451,921 
182,550 
127,361 



2,368,210 
959,679 
241,882 



2,271,292 

719,195 

95,132 



96,918 
240,484 
146,750 



72,001 
459,899 
776,985 
809,004 
668,587 
477,841 



359,188 

1,113,085 

2,155,510 

679,443 

136,920 

296,722 



80,039 
100.0 

21,533,671 
100. 
269.0 

29,296 
113.25 

79,950 

8,962,672 

100.0 

31,443 
1,071,647 

26,852 
1,193,703 

24,196 
1,920,656 

28,364 
2,554,949 

30,269 

4,959,068 

8,553 

347,242 

73,077 
870,976 

79,965 
11.228,022 

58,651 
7,951,371 

42,038 
4,475,605 

17,109 
2,337,206 



71,302 
6,899 
1,838 



265 

3,846 

7,421 

6,720 

11,191 

11,223 

10,147 
5,766 
4,512 

11,122 
5,021 
2,805 



60,380 
19,659 
3,809 



56j746 
15,806 
1,983 



3,634 
3,853 
1,826 



1,722 
10,607 
18,716 
19,744 
15,564 
12,162 



11,892 

30,358 

48,507 

17,734 

3,366 

8,758 



3,784 
4.7 

4,341,324 

20.2 

1,147.3 

189,291 

173.49 

3,784 

2,029,308 

22.6 

1,445 
179,790 

1,418 
218,150 

613 
325,362 

717 
351,900 

1,320 

1,077,570 

584 

77,620 

3,450 
159,244 

3,784 
2,427,248 

2,367 
1,582,722 

1,064 
677,262 

2,409 
1,046,183 



2,732 
781 

271 



15 
35 
120 

140 
200 
213 
1,031 
1,036 
994 



3,037 

747 

18 



2,979 

737 

18 



22 

589 

1,096 

1,050 

674 

249 



146 

851 
2,854 
549 
89 
213 



9,955 
12.4 

4,502,831 

20.9 

452.3 

55,169 
127.99 

9,955 

2,141,575 

23.9 

4,300 

202,791 

3,328 

226,043 

2,162 
320,862 

2,345 
381,396 

4,269 

1,060,948 

1,386 

86,227 

9,435 
169,216 

9,955 
2,570,409 

7,537 
1,584,601 

3,598 
702,258 

4,598 
622,965 



8,830 
895 

230 



5 

90 

130 

705 

965 

1,355 

886 

871 

2,656 

1,543 

749 



7,116 
2,839 

133 



7,038 

2,744 

108 



185 
1,899 
2,806 
2,530 
1,541 



515 

2,983 

6,787 

2,207 

345 

431 



14,417 
18.0 

4,376,965 

20.3 

303.6 

28,682 
96.71 

14,417 

1,847,217 

20.6 

6,345 

217,912 

4,630 

214,908 

3,925 

361,141 

4,388 

444,457 

5,653 

1,111,151 

1,797 

66,977 

13,195 

180,179 

14,417 

2,230,037 

11,006 

1,690,204 

6,560 

305,598 

4,013 

352,093 



12,988 

1,096 

333 



55 

500 

600 

1,835 

2,070 

2,140 
1,305 
1,237 
2,974 
1,013 
488 



10,024 

4,393 

641 



9,711 

3,856 

380 



313 
537 
261 



413 
2,282 
3,892 
3,766 
2,523 
1,383 



20,255 
25.3 

3,858,078 
17.9 
190.5 

15,998 
83.46 

20,255 

1,566,363 

17.5 

8,074 

202,892 

6,552 

208,623 

6,376 
369,636 

7,532 
570,290 

7,777 

775, &42 

2,354 

63,991 

18,513 

164,427 

20,255 

1,977,333 

14,960 

1,348,370 

10,932 

939,926 

2,992 

195,845 



18,352 

1,460 

443 



5 
740 
2,115 
1,890 
3,305 
3,150 

2,930 
1,645 
1,101 
2,253 
824 
297 



14,626 
5,629 
1,460 



13,707 

4,057 

640 



919 
1,572 

820 



537 
2,727 
5,314 
5,091 
3,889 
2,397 



21,054 
26.3 

3,094,829 
14.4 
147.0 

12,280 
35.70 

21,054 

1,047,268 

11.7 

7,664 

181,643 

7,292 

213,733 

7,222 
358,082 

3,706 
535,803 

7,336 

615,330 

1,752 

36,297 

18,934 

U7,920 

21,054 

1,447,644 

14,952 

1,155,105 

12,917 

393,885 

2^91 

97,616 



18,821 

1,735 

448 



5,068 


8,032 


9,215 


11,991 


3,412 


4,474 


575 


1,124 


1,061 


2,434 



55 
1,676 
3,010 
2,640 
3,531 
3,507 

2,477 

1,175 

770 

1,558 

455 

200 



16,609 
4,445 
1,262 



15,200 

3,18* 

622 



1,409 
1,263 

640 



408 
2,411 
4,380 
5,305 
4,466 
3,514 



6,924 

10,400 
10,436 
4,068 
1,733 
4,599 



SUMMARY FOR THE UNITED STATES 



35 



Table 1.-FARMS AND FARM CHARACTERISTICS FOR ALL GENERAL PRIMARILY CROP FARMS, BY ECONOMIC CLASS- 
CENSUS OF 1954-Conlinued 

[Data- are baaed on reports for only a sample of farms. See text. Subregion statistics combined for all General Farms in Table 10i3 



(For definitions and explanations, see tert) 



All 

canmerclal 

fansB 






Econanlc class 








Total 


ClasB I 


Class II 


Class III 


Class IV 


Class V 


Class VI 


496,839 


8,707 


74 


253 


734 


1,854 


3,173 


2,619 


1J5,36A 


3.220 


... 


31 


137 


496 


1,235 


1,321 


330, 922 


7,363 


14 


97 


462 


1,322 


2,863 


2,105 


858,118 


23,579 


1,437 


3,638 


5,078 


6,713 


5,111 


1,602 


l,506,6i6 


37,170 


2,259 


5,936 


8,006 


9,370 


8,672 


2,927 


1, Vis, 567 


37,394 


3,159 


7,218 


7,700 


8,066 


7,925 


3,326 


3,120,327 


74,782 


3,713 


9,736 


13,969 


19,241 


19,273 


8,850 


l,20i,223 


26,403 


2,338 


4,811 


5,433 


5,951 


5,710 


2,155 


2,023,700 


51,973 


3,560 


8,757 


10,650 


12,787 


11,582 


4,637 


1,189,542 


27,453 


2,505 


5,387 


5,964 


6,500 


5,346 


1,751 


109,332 


1,114 


161 


348 


291 


143 


125 


46 


668,851 


10, 4« 


1,136 


2,685 


2,649 


2,217 


1,373 


384 


686,327 


5,633 


433 


1,670 


1,503 


957 


700 


370 


896,010 


20,428 


2,303 


5,434 


5,439 


4,246 


2,450 


556 


950,341 


22,746 


3,330 


6,068 


5,786 


4,468 


2,527 


567 


662,654 


8,427 


815 


2,197 


2,615 


1,789 


861 


150 


674,182 


8,633 


941 


2,241 


2,660 


1,806 


885 


150 


426,979 


11,355 


1,423 


2,972 


2,735 


2,358 


1,513 


354 


431, 94^ 


11,813 


1,633 


3,079 


2,738 


2,394 


1,550 


369 


193,503 


2,179 


494 


679 


531 


250 


135 


90 


197,626 


2,367 


604 


701 


545 


271 


149 


97 


1,773,239 


49,224 


3,598 


8,788 


10,545 


12,117 


10,324 


3,852 


2,223,443 


66,771 


10,553 


13,549 


13,233 


13,791 


11,484 


4,161 


2,398,698 


61,351 


3,712 


9,599 


13,164 


16,183 


13,938 


4,700 


4,127,764 


111,544 


17,830 


24,115 


23,331 


22,718 


17,856 


5,644 


2,340,870 


60,188 


3,676 


9,506 


12,922 


15,992 


13,594 


4,498 


3,750,125 


99,784 


14,138 


21,617 


21,616 


21,230 


16,128 


5,055 


223,851 


4,479 


407 


822 


794 


873 


1,157 


426 


233,562 


4,752 


450 


896 


880 


913 


1,137 


426 


115,662 


4,961 


1,610 


1,350 


811 


532 


500 


158 


144,077 


7,003 


3,242 


1,602 


885 


575 


541 


163 


2,479,206 


53,043 


3,599 


9,175 


11,758 


14,244 


13,745 


5,527 


3,199,713 


73,373 


10,773 


13,728 


14,479 


17,183 


16,073 


6,142 


3,129,241 


72,777 


3,695 


9,646 


13,658 


18,572 


13,371 


8,835 


7,936,196 


221,292 


42,917 


39,221 


42,355 


44,896 


37,326 


14,577 


3,084,012 


71,248 


3,384 


9,373 


13,385 


18,252 


18,053 


3,801 


3,029,184 


69, 825 


3,334 


9,279 


13,179 


17,882 


17,575 


3,576 


496,571 


12,006 


313 


1,331 


1,563 


2,819 


4,029 


1,941 


2,532,613 


57,819 


3,016 


•7,948 


11,611 


15,063 


13,546 


6,635 


1,421,260 


23,300 


1,103 


3,810 


5,823 


7,788 


6,990 


2,781 


2,291,735 


47,557 


1,792 


6,233 


10,171 


13,437 


11,836 


4,038 


697,337 


20,873 


3,119 


5,129 


4,698 


4,245 


2,923 


759 


2,615,277 


103,910 


37,791 


23,709 


19,005 


13,577 


7,915 


1,913 


323,208 


8,638 


2,519 


3,018 


1,573 


923 


505 


100 


670,934 


22,762 


12,628 


5,598 


2,332 


1,328 


697 


129 


458,384 


15,435 


1,826 


3,195 


3,632 


3,593 


2,498 


691 


1,944,343 


81,148 


25,163 


18,111 


16,623 


12,249 


7,218 


1,784 


3,303,888 


79, 623 


3,770 


10,054 


14,389 


20,186 


20,889 


10,340 


2,690,305 


63,962 


3,723 


9,502 


13,394 


17,958 


17,395 


6,990 


2,073,506 


54,550 


2,816 


7,502 


10,581 


14,041 


13,922 


5,688 


602,982,131 


26,366,743 


9,504,329 


5,735,970 


4,429,074 


3,656,803 


2,421,067 


619,495 


1,944,892 


54,339 


3,646 


8,815 


11,814 


14,423 


12,003 


3,633 


2,214,180,127 


86,850,236 


50,200,693 


17,429,266 


9,805,663 


6,037,490 


2,367,476 


509,643 


1,285,814 


32,231 


157 


1,935 


5,364 


10,621 


10,735 


3,419 


529,493 


10,906 


44 


343 


1,051 


2,751 


4,482 


2,235 


330,778 


8,619 


23 


430 


1,302 


2,931 


3,186 


747 


425,543 


12,706 


90 


1,162 


3,011 


4,939 


3,067 


437 


236,747 


7,965 


163 


1,394 


2,982 


2,460 


807 


159 


242, 875 


7,633 


500 


2,914 


2,751 


1,106 


376 


36 


99,170 


3,404 


687 


1,823 


603 


194 


73 


19 


80,286 


3,056 


2,139 


749 


109 


42 


17 


... 


2,551,473 


51,079 


2,222 


6,959 


10, 152 


13,014 


12,640 


6,092 


3,681,510,455 


21,347,306 


4,454,365 


5,286,587 


4,454,671 


3,741,350 


2,578,698 


832,135 


2,665,693 


66,690 


3,700 


9,737 


13,626 


17,611 


15,932 


6,084 


1,312,642,381 


39,508,009 


11,576,590 


9,739,460 


7,876,069 


6,030,969 


3,444,921 


840,000 


2.294,541 


57,197 


3,203 


7,554 


10,766 


15,012 


14,647 


6,010 


1,023,734,322 


42,190,716 


15,651,822 


8,503,744 


6,976,272 


6,505,647 


3,703,207 


850,024 


17,765,047 


739,157 


224,882 


148,014 


135,825 


135,196 


77,332 


17,858 


116,120,634 


4,022,310 


1,125,255 


851,414 


752,967 


732,376 


452,191 


108,607 


450, 834 


8,463 


511 


1,145 


1,829 


2,267 


2,013 


693 


64,967,578 


1,387,771 


412,656 


276,572 


254,607 


222,105 


173,732 


48,099 


16,208,244 


273,963 


72,330 


54,566 


55,690 


47,685 


38,017 


10,680 


9,762,281 


203,038 


33, 146 


43,506 


46,714 


39,832 


28,654 


9,136 


1,324,404 


34,162 


1,451 


3,766 


5,677 


9,031 


9,209 


5,023 


3,262,489 


77,456 


6,511 


11, 119 


13,111 


18,401 


18,603 


9,711 


2,626,959 


56,886 


2,561 


7,923 


11,233 


14,631 


13,895 


6,593 


88,843,964 


1,214,424 


261,584 


307,934 


258,754 


211,577 


130,444 


44,131 


2,529,921 


53,757 


2,274 


7,418 


10,777 


14,032 


13,009 


6,247 


41.969,236 


550,615 


102,735 


137,602 


120,202 


103,553 


64,032 


22,436 


2,166,476 


43,563 


1,512 


5,726 


8,518 


11,535 


10,909 


5,363 


18,663,736 


156,152 


11,325 


23,255 


35,169 


37,741 


30,925 


12,737 


1,792,467 


38,295 


1,120 


4,067 


7,164 


11,103 


10,510 


4,331 


54,963,546 


632,184 


59,634 


119, 076 


160,000 


168,692 


100,621 


24,161 


27,713,057 


304,917 


27,498 


57,277 


78,013 


79,553 


49,537 


12,984 


2,406,330 


53,920 


1,555 


6,200 


10,036 


14,790 


14,482 


6,857 


340,361,825 


3,580,779 


186,509 


581,230 


324,127 


955,881 


734,738 


293,294 


303,556 


4,931 


554 


1,223 


1,216 


976 


720 


242 


30,176,438 


352,244 


161,745 


77,655 


59,903 


36,942 


12,914 


3,085 


18,222,016 


184,716 


67,329 


48,685 


37,577 


20,601 


8,279 


2,245 


1,087,822 


lS,232 


5,292 


1,700 


2,621 


1,522 


885 


212 



FARMS BY CLASS OF WORK POWER 

No tractor, horses, or mules farms reporting,, 

No tractor and only 1 horse or mule farms reporting,. 

No tractor and 2 or more horses and/or mules farms reporting,. 

Tractor and horses and/or mules farms reporting,. 

Tractor and no horses or mules farms reporting., 

SPECIFIED FACILITIES AJ© EQUIPMENT 

Telephone farms reporting,, 

Electricity farms reporting. , 

Television set farms reporting.. 

Piped running water farms reporting., 

Home freezer farms reporting,, 

Electric pig brooder farms reporting, , 

Power feed grinder farms reporting,, 

Milking machine farms reporting,, 

Grain combines farms reporting,, 

number,, 
Corn pickers farms reporting. , 

number . , 
Pick-up hay balers farms reporting., 

number.. 
Field forage harvesters farms reporting., 

number, , 
Motortrucks farms reporting,, 

number,, 
Tractors farms reporting., 

number. , 
Wheel tractors other than garden farms reporting,. 

number. , 
Garden tractors farms reporting,, 

number, , 
Crawler tractors farms reporting,, 

number, . 
Automobiles .., .farms reporting., 

niimber,. 
FARM LABOR 

Week of Sept. 26-^ct, 2 and/or Oct. 24-30: 

Family and/or hired workers farms reporting,, 

persons,. 

Family workers. Including operator farms reporting,. 

Operators working 1 hour or more persons,, 

1 to 14 hoxirs , persons., 

15 hours or more persons., 

Unpaid members of operator's f amily, ..,, farms reporting., 

persons. , 

Hired workers farms reporting,. 

persons . , 
Regular workers (to be employed 

150 days or more) farms reporting., 

persons.. 
Seasonal workers (to be employed 

less than 150 days) farms reporting., 

persons . . 
SPECIFIED FARM EXPENDITURES 

Specified farm expenditures^ ,...,.. -farms reporting,. 

Machine hire and/or hired labor farms reporting,. 

Machine hire farms reporting, . 

dollars. 

Hired labor farms reporting,. 

dollars, 

$1 to $499 farms reporting,. 

$1 to $99 farms reporting,. 

$100 to $199 farms reporting,. 

$200 to $499 farms reporting,. 

$500 to $999 farms reporting,. 

$1,000 to $2,499 farms reporting,. 

$2,500 to $4,999 farms reporting,. 

$5,000 and over farms reporting,. 

Feed for livestock and poultry farms reporting,, 

dollars.. 
Gasoline and other petroleum fuel and oil,, farms reporting,, 

dollars, , 
■Commercial fertilizer and 

fertilizing material farms reporting- , 

dollars, , 

tons., 

acres on which used,, 

Lime and liming material farms reporting,, 

dollars,, 

tons , , 

acres on which used,, 

LIVESTOCK AND LIVESTOCK PRODUCTS 
Livestock on hand; 

Horses and mules farms reporting,, 

number,. 

All cattle and calves farms reporting,, 

number, , 
Cows, including heifers that have calved,,, farms reporting., 

number, . 

Milk cows farms reporting,. 

number, , 

All hogs and pigs farms reporting,, 

number.. 

Bom before June 1 number,. 

Chickens 4 months old and over farms reporting,. 

number, , 

Sheep, total farms reporting,. 

number . . 
Number 1 year and over: 

Ewes. •••••,,••..•.....••,■..,........,..,.,...,, .number, . 

Rams and wethers number . . 



^Excludes farms reporting expenditures for commercial fertilizer and lime. 



36 



SIZE OF OPERATION BY TYPE OF FARM 

Table 1 -FARMS AND FARM CHARACTERISTICS FOR ALL GENERAL PRIMARILY CROP FARMS, BY ECONOMIC CLASS: 

CENSUS OF 1954— Continued 



[Data are based on reports for only a sample of fanes .See text . Subreglon_5 



tatistics combined for all General Farms in Table 103 



(For definitloDB and erplanatlonB, see text) 



Livestock and livestock products sold: +■„„ 

Cattle and calves solS alive farms reporting... 

number. . . 
dollars. .. 

Hogs and pigs sold alive farms reporting. . . 

number. . . 
dollars. . . 

Chickens sold farms reporting... 

dollars. .. 

Chicken eggs sold farms reporting... 

dozens.. . 
dollars. .. 

Milk sold' pounds. . . 

dollars... 

Sheep sold farms reporting... 

number. . . 

dollars. .. 

ESTIMATED VALUE OF FABM PRODUCTS SOLD (see text) 

All farm products sold dollars... 

All crops sold dollars. . . 

Field crops, other than vegetables and fruits 

and nuts, sold dollars... 

Vegetables sold dollars. . . 

Fruits and nuts sold dollars... 

Horticultural specialties sold dollars... 

All livestock and livestock products sold dollars... 

Dairy products sold dollars... 

Poultry and poultry products sold dollars... 

Livestock and livestock products, other than 
dairy and poultry, sold dollars... 

Forest products sold dollars. . . 

SPECIFIED CROPS HARVESTED 

Com for all purposes farms reporting... 

acres.., 

Corn harvested for grain farms reporting... 

acres... 

bushels harvested... 

bushels sold , . . 

Sorghum for all purposes, except for sirup farms reporting.., 

acres. . 
Sorghum harvested for grain or seed bushels sold.. 

Wheat threshed or combined acres, . 

bushels harvested., 
bushels sold. . 

Spring wheat -threshed or combined acres.. 

bushels harvested., 
bushels sold. . 

Oats threshed or combined acres. . 

bushels harvested., 
bushels sold.. 

Barley threshed or combined farms reporting.. 

acres. . 

bushels harvested.. 

bushels sold.. 

Rye threshed or combined bushels sold.. 

Buckwheat threshed or combined bushels sold.. 

Flaxseed threshed or combined bushels sold. . 

Rice threshed or combined bushels sold.. 

Soybeans harvested for beans bushels. . 

Soybeans cut for hay *°"s . . 

Cowpeas harvested for peas bushels. . 

Cowpeas cut for hay *°"s . . 

Peanuts harvested for picking or threshing pounds.. 

Peanut vines or tops saved for hay or forage tons.. 

Dry field and seed beans harvested for beans bushels.. 

Lima beans harvested for dry beans 100-lb. bags.. 

Other dry field beans harvested for beans 100-lb. bags.. 

Dry field and seed peas harvested for peas pounds.. 

Alfalfa seed harvested bushels. . 

Redclover seed harvested bushels. . 

Lespedeza seed harvested pounds.. 

Common and perennial ryegrass seed harvested pounds.. 

Hairy vetch seed harvested pounds.. 

Other vetch seed harvested pounds., 

Austrian winter peas harvested pounds.. 

Fescue seed harvested pounds. , 

Cotton harvested farms reporting., 

acres. , 
bales. , 

Popcorn harvested pounds. 

Sugar beets harvested for siigar tons. 

Broomcom harvested tons of brush. 

Sugarcane harvested for sugar tons. 

Tobacco harvested pounds. 

Tobacco harvested (type not specified) pounds. 

Burley tobacco harvested pounds. 

Dark-fired tobacco harvested pounds. 

Dark air-cured tobacco harvested pounds. 

Flue-cured tobacco harvested pounds. 

Sugarcane or sorghum harvested for sirup gallons, 

^Includes milk equivalent of cream and butterfat sold. 



All 

cdimerclal 

fanne 



2,168,490 

42,590,662 

4,219,053,073 

1,255,555 

56,641,238 

2,289,760,716 

921,435 

696,321,848 

1,391,630 

2,663,617,211 

922,141,662 

93,710,976,930 

3,330,025,237 

259,762 

22,425,250 

330,536,753 



24,298,622,950 
11,955.045,301 

9,735,818,610 
628,498,349 

1,186,848,705 
403,879,637 

12,223,361,62B 
3,330,025,237 
1,907,376,647 

6,985,959,744 

120,216,021 



2,300,261 

74,377,194 

2,046,377 

63,394,112 

2,547,823,454 

992,119,020 

329,899 

17,112,709 
175,980,777 



Econcmlc class 



50, 
900, 
800 

14 
166, 
140. 

37, 

1,301 

344 

12 
352 
235 

10 

31 
142 



582,348 
761,498 
412,820 
304,189 
017,093 
147,001 
312,820 
,894,795 
163,274 
308,436 
,440,079 
824,132 
606,108 
,397,747 
970,191 
332,584 
,050,327 



322,324,503 
737,530 
979,625 
117,769 

851,977,545 
593,574 

7,650,024 
2,229,034 

8,122,146 

281,666,092 

2,012,961 

748,392 

40,093,099 

105,647,143 

6,948,539 

6,196,030 

23,874,745 

14,343,275 

731,802 

17,963,656 

12,516,235 

156,266,472 

12,766,368 

15,730 

6,531,040 

1,322,282,985 

427,597,922 

432,733,314 

46,103,715 

22,877,855 

861,260,424 

2,125,041 



40,236 

434,307 

34,660,624 

26,814 

484,965 

15,249,902 

12,118 

1,300,933 

23,954 

14,593,110 

4,958,767 

342,475,737 

10,158,375 

3,683 

214,281 

3,369,068 



589,449,029 
510,424,265 

450,545,753 

42,691,404 

13,751,268 

3,435,840 

71,868,727 
10,158,375 
7,225,526 

54,484,826 

7,156,037 



48,911 

1,435,705 

45,081 

1,227,191 

33,394,764 

17,437,920 

8,302 

378,650 
6,667,781 

859,227 

17,397,512 

15,631,923 

205,734 

5,086,174 

4,602,917 

587,146 

19,397,429 

10,505,477 

10,561 

458,192 

16,602,700 

13,134,330 

251,435 

44,901 

828,285 

1,774,233 

4,257,519 

25,635 

122,564 

7,593 

111,779,692 

75,832 

1,101,053 
216,473 
710,617 

7,426,265 

903,124 

64,430 

4,993,830 
86,127,523 
2,529,170 
1,381,715 
5,598,235 
11,223,768 

30,320 

709,079 

489,463 

8,185,245 

2,407,682 

2,681 

64,095 

50,945,087 
24,717,564 
8,473,295 
2,323,965 
2,287,245 
13,128,018 
341,872 





2,199 




6,615 




113,285 




116,364 


12 


352,637 


10 


101,876 




947 




3,402 




60,876 




111,043 


? 


263,496 


3 


976,169 




404 




1,838 




285,513 




269,164 




622 




3,132 


1 


231,454 


3 


377,431 




431,336 


1 


,152,786 


52 


,218,698 


112 


467,918 


? 


,102,209 


3 


,331,993 




442 




994 




106,094 




49,796 


1 


,734,594 




795,795 



247,594,704 13i,177,934 
226,162,763 112,526,314 



191,013,473 

25,808,171 

7,450,754 

1,890,365 

20,121,920 
2,102,209 
1,243,798 

16,775,913 

1,310,021 



8,795 

88,548 

6,135,042 

5,865 

122,807 

4,025,891 

2,691 

234,327 

4,937 

4,077,309 

1,343,457 

95,955,005 

2,566,323 

963 

30,381 

457,437 



10,458 

65,411 

3,863,329 

8,071 

115,504 

3,219,359 

3,240 

263,699 

6,393 

3,504,959 

1,199,925 

52,064,355 

1,368,097 

715 

20,104 

282,683 



94,847,441 69,089,003 35,963,235 
78,131,722 57,254,173 29,927,835 



103,123,597 

7,060,579 

1,587,613 

754,520 

20,142,839 
3,331,993 
1,630,760 

15,180,036 

1,503,781 



1,407 

153,855 

1,254 

134,223 

5,623,703 

3,886,931 

633 

109,032 

3,907,019 

174,719 

4,204,494 

4,002,836 

38,898 

1,150,493 

1,116,858 

87,403 

3,447,828 

2,284,275 

1,371 

224,305 

9,592,270 

8,482,677 

53,406 

9,940 

484,749 

1,623,138 

1,268,947 

4,357 

25,721 

684 

9,921,696 

6,128 

176,882 
204,823 
339,691 
2,976,055 
588,133 
5,147 

973,400 
51,730,393 
353,400 
256,500 
597,000 
4,797,753 

1,172 

199,504 

248,828 

143,250 

1,578,880 

210 

14,400 

2,910,284 
1,618,978 
341,850 
202,000 
113,000 
634,456 
221,480 



71,237,239 

4,513,029 

1,894,514 

436,940 

15,046,275 
2,566,328 
1,642,377 

10,837,070 

1,669,444 



5,049 

269,502 

4,417 

223,544 

7,941,577 

4,571,836 

1,291 

96,107 

1,691,285 

277,354 

5,904,970 

5,464,301 

77,116 

2,264,630 

2,090,323 

156,670 

5,504,431 

3,004,465 

2,693 

112,436 

3,829,241 

2,680,299 

59,665 

1,950 

151,113 

46,234 

1,333,907 

3,769 

28,110 

1,181 

18,799,439 

10,350 

627,977 

11,450 

270,032 

3,281,890 

184,015 

15,651 

1,011,850 
24,183,500 
1,297,150 
400,000 
2,532,475 
4,439,675 

2,629 

133, 562 

72,756 

5,190,000 

570,457 

1,060 

6,200 

8,541,008 

4,771,782 

1,236,390 

403,455 

128,735 

1,995,096 

6,301 



8,595 

36,373 

1,793,311 

6,572 

62,039 

1,521,832 

2,820 

157,383 

6,024 

1,931,240 

669,112 

24,781,024 

655,851 

434 

6,071 

81,329 



8,939 

331,120 

8,157 

282,697 

7,843,057 

4,002,524 

1,674 

68,939 

654,513 

199,752 

3,855,977 

3,417,057 

43,905 

1,092,845 

932,576 

150,075 

4,925,847 

2,472,679 

2,827 

66,956 

1,906,501 

1,245,954 

57,035 

10,882 

123,266 

44,262 

980,702 
2,727 
19,883 
2,076 
32,434,483 
17,528 

231,463 

200 

67,399 

713,820 
33,360 
15,759 

1,501,655 
3,020,880 
737,670 
291,090 
1,326,760 
1,331,605 

5,531 

143,557 

68,386 

2,191,340 

203,760 

645 

10,100 

15,561,185 

7,300,555 

2,167,495 

520,450 

754,755 

4,817,930 

22,266 



52,695,942 

3,122,805 

1,238,566 

196,860 

10,444,266 
1,368,097 
1,573,136 

7,502,983 

1,390,569 



14»158 

370,358 

13,252 

310,279 

6,797,824 

3,126,560 

2,065 

59,867 

307,975 

129,325 

2,206,875 

1,887,426 

26,612 

430,216 

361,070 

107,163 

3,202,721 

1,670,421 

1,984 

33,467 

867,154 

529,565 

42,080 

10,299 

46,707 

52,648 

480,471 

7,213 

25,650 

1,596 

32,321,669 

23,693 

54,933 

25,757 

449,500 

34,056 

13,862 

934,600 
1,697,650 
119,450 
302, 500 
642,000 
376,560 

9,843 
139,496 
64,391 
590,905 
44,175 
606 
27,900 

15,826,660 

7,608,594 

2,492,155 

758,240 

820,255 

4,132,416 

33,520 



26,336,817 

1,769,205 

1,175,518 

146,295 

5,027,703 
655,851 
382,037 

3,439,815 

1,007,697 



13,464 

243,570 

12,614 

211,915 

4,155,483 

1,581,726 

1,722 
34,869 
97,129 

62,783 

1,012,504 

760,347 

10,086 

123,920 

90,606 

66,032 

1,839,702 

394,343 

1,326 

16,665 

332,526 

164,370 

30,089 

7,105 

17,325 

8,006 

172,395 

4,814 

17,140 

1,750 

15,275,095 

14,548 

9,073 

7,168 

11,791 
7,191 

486,500 
445,100 



250,675 

8,304 
73,027 
30,442 
47,750 

3,890 
120 

5,220 

6,933,770 

3,094,415 

1,792,640 

391,820 

375,450 

1,279,445 

45,475 



3,574 

9,326 

413,929 

1,957 

12,696 

243,155 

1,125 

85,342 

2,791 

470,717 

161,651 

4,988,237 

133,897 

140 

1,335 

17,230 



7,776,707 
6,421,458 

5,588,685 
417,615 
404,293 

10,860 

1,085,724 
133,897 
252,863 

693,959 

269,525 



5,894 

67,300 

5,387 

59,533 

1,033,120 

268,293 

867 
9,836 
9,860 

15,294 

212,692 

99,906 

4,117 

24,070 

10,984 

19,803 

476,900 

179,294 

360 

4,363 

75,003 

31,965 

4,160 

4,725 

5,125 



21,097 

2,755 

6,060 

306 

2,527,310 

3,080 

675 



1,764 
1,820 

85,825 

21,500 
78,150 

27,500 

2,836 

14,933 

4,660 

22,000 

1,520 

40 

275 

1,172,180 

323,240 

442,265 

43,000 

95,000 

263,675 

12,830 



SUMMARY FOR THE UNITED STATES 

Table l.-FARMS AND FARM CHARACTERISTICS FOR ALL GENERAL PRIMARILY CROP FARMS, BY ECONOMIC CLASS- 
CENSUS OF 1954-Continued 

CPata are based on reports for only a sample of farms. See text. Subreglon statistics combined for all General Fannis in Table 10] 



37 



Item 
(For definitions and explanatlcms, see text) 



commercial 
fajms 



Econcinlc class 



SPECIFIED CROPS HARVESTED— Continued 

Irish potatoes harvested for home use or 
for sale bushels. . . 

Sweetpotatoes harvested for home use or 
for sale bushels. . . 

Vegetables harvested for sale farms reporting... 

dollars... 

Ifind in bearing and nonbearing fruit orchards, groves, 

vineyBrds, and planted nut trees^ farms reporting... 

acres... 

Apples^ -.. bushels harvested... 

Peaches^ bushels harvested. . . 

Alfalfa and alfalfa mixtures cut for hay (and for 

dehydrating) acres... 

tons. . . 
tons sold... 

Clover, timothy, and mixtures of clover and grasses 
cut for hay acres... 

tons... 
tons sold. . . 

Lespedeza cut for hay acres. . . 

tons. . . 
tons sold... 

Vetch or peas, alone or mixed with oats or other grains, 

cut for hay acres... 

tons . . . 
tons sold. . . 

Oats, wheat, barley, rye, or other small grains 

cut for hay acres. . . 

tons. . . 
tons sold. . . 

Wild hay cut acres... 

tons. . . 
tons sold. . . 

Grass silage made from grasses, alfalfa, clover, 

or small grains acres. . 

tons, green weight.. 

Other hay cut acres.. 

tons., 
tons sold.. 

Nursery products sold dollars. . . 

Cut flowers, potted plants, florist greens, and 
bedding plants sold dollars. . . 

Vegetables grown under grass, flower seeds, vegetable seeds, 
vegetable plants, bulbs, and mushrooms sold dollars.., 



228,909 
1,498,349 



288,709 
1,610,183 



107; 
55; 



019, UO 
106,900 



352,943 
115,556 
475,922 



i, 672, 584 
1,367,533 
,411,929 

1,813,741 

',458,220 

135,283 



48,309 
83,368 
9,661 



,163,669 

.,632,385 

295,045 

1,106,511 

1,328,205 

618,625 



158,671 
759,132 
643,189 
814,116 
360,480 



138,077,412 

208,777,391 

57,024,834 



18,416 
42,691,404 



10,090 
111,725 



1,041,071 
1,556,324 



1,405,008 
4,339,439 
3,424,165 



316,128 
437,331 
270,760 

138,066 
125,708 
41,087 



3,912 

7,157 
3,335 



122,585 
158,498 
86,350 

263,563 
229,590 
156,412 



5,088 

27,114 

194,600 

227,434 

121,150 

461,600 



608,305 



17,242,567 



1,117 
25,808,171 



805 
39,272 



379,381 
1,031,414 



353,887 
1,597,370 
1,396,889 



17,719 
31,019 
17,359 

10,765 
10,477 
2,476 



491 
507 



17,706 
28,700 
21,460 

37,815 
37,150 
27,261 



1,319 

6,786 

32,102 

47,647 

28,362 

97,200 



291,415 



2,207 
7,060,579 



1,341 
25,740 



175,494 
203,356 



381,623 

1,197,288 

908,863 



37,736 
57,511 
28,732 

13,754 
13,219 
3,185 



1,011 

2,085 

830 



24,285 
36,378 
22,748 

63,612 
55,638 
37,589 



1,519 
11,245 
40,209 
47,945 
25,273 

109,500 



160,050 
484,970 



353,066 



3,364 
4,513,029 



1,879 
19,185 



177,423 
153,137 



274,190 
727,311 
525,180 



50,996 
76,138 
44,592 

26,868 

25,595 

5,661 



1,105 

1,885 

760 



19,369 
21,201 
7,905 

66,469 
59,067 
41,134 



790 

2,445 

29,216 

36,053 

17,810 

113,700 



140,550 
182,690 



4,859 
3,122,805 



2,427 
13,318 



108,107 
101,240 



209,825 
474,109 
354,772 



58,261 
81,595 
50,696 

39,285 
34,842 

11,115 



430 
790 
265 



27,394 
33,762 
16,186 

40,117 
34,254 
21,767 



945 
4,278 
34,524 
36,523 
18,291 

68,365 



40,920 
87,575 



302,630 



4,683 
1,769,205 



2,473 
10,941 



165,554 
53,957 



143,349 
271,550 
195,681 



100,664 
132,137 
94,301 

33,848 

30,557 
10,855 



605 
1,400 
1,170 



22,241 
26,615 
13,296 

40,845 
31,786 
21,136 



285 

1,455 

38,615 

40,609 

22,795 

69,175 



35,935 

41,185 



2,186 
417,615 



1,165 
3,269 



35,112 
13,220 



42,134 
71,811 
42,780 



50,752 
58,931 
35,080 

13,546 
11,018 
7,795 



270 
490 
310 



11,590 
11,842 
4,755 

14,705 
11,695 
7,525 



230 

905 

19,934 

18,657 

8,619 

3,660 



1,300 



^Does not Include data for farms with less than 20 trees or grapevines. See text. 



38 



SIZE OF OPERATION BY TYPE OF FARM 



Table l.-FARMS AND FARM CHARACTERISTICS FOR ALL GENERAtPRIMARILY LIVESTOCK FARMS, BY ECONOMIC CLASS: 

CENSUS OF 1954 

[Data are based on reports for only a sanple of farms. See text. Subregion statistics combined for all General Farms in Table 10 ] 



(For definitions and explanations, see text) 



FARIC, ACREAGE, AND VALUE 

FsTBa • • number. 

Percent distribution percent, 

Lud in faru acres. 

Percent distribution percent. 

Average size of farm acres . 

Value of land and buiidioga: 

Average per farm dollars . 

Average per acre dollars . 

Land ia faraa according to uae: 

Cropland harvested farms reporting. 

acres. 

Percent distribution percent. 

Cropland used onl^ for pasture....- farms reporting. 

acres . 
Cropland not harvested and not pastured farms reporting. 

acres. 

Woodland pastured farms reporting . 

acres. 
Woodland not pastured farms reporting. 

acres. 
Other pasture (not cropland 
and not woodland) farms reporting. 

acres . 
Improved (see text).^ farms reporting. 

acres . 
Other land (house lots, roads, 
wasteland, etc.) farms reporting. 

acres . 
Cropland, total farms reporting. 

acres. 
I^nd pastured, total farms reporting. 

acres . 
Woodland, total farms reporting. 

acres . 
Irrigated land in farms farms reporting . 

acres . 

RESIDQICE OF FARM OPERAIOR 

Residing on farm ciperated operators reporting. 

Not residing on farm operated operators reporting . 

Operators not reporting residence number . 

FARIE BY SIZE 

IMder 10 acres number . 

10 to 29 acres number . 

30 to "19 acres number . 

50 to 69 acres number . 

70 to 99 acres number . 

100 to 139 acres number . 

140 to 179 acres number. 

180 to 219 acres number. 

220 to 259 acres number . 

260 to 499 acres number. 

500 to 999 acres number . 

1,000 acres and over number. 

FARM OPERATORS BY COLOR AND THnKE 

All fara operatora; 

Owners, part owners, and managers number . 

All tenants number. 

Croppers number. 

All wbitc operatara: 

Owners, part owners, and« managers number. 

All tenants number. 

Croppers number. 

All ooowbite operators: 

Owners, part owners, and managers number. 

All tenants number . 

Croppers number. 

FARM OPERATORS BY AGE 

Under 23 years operators reporting. 

25 to 34 years operators reporting. 

35 to 44 years operators reporting. 

45 to 54 years operators reporting. 

55 to 64 years operators reporting . 

65 years and over operators reporting. 

OFF-FARM WORK AND OTHER INCOME 

Fara operatora — 

With other income of family exceeding value of farm 

products sold operators reporting. 

Working off their farms, by days 

worked, total operators reporting. 

None operators reporting . 

1 to 99 days operators reporting . 

100 to 199 days operators reporting. 

200 days or more operators reporting. 



All 

commercial 

farms 



3,327,889 

XXX 

1,032,493,352 

XXX 

310.3 

25,437 
83.07 

3,148,874 
321,586,517 

XXX 

1,412,539 

57,506,468 

889,841 

52,491,969 

1,057,059 

94,424,817 

919,891 

55,836,567 

1,488,954 

415,276,760 

3U,862 

16,094,374 

2,982,199 

35,370,254 

3,224,297 

431,584,954 

2,602,192 

567,208,045 

1,616,252 

150,261,384 

264,488 

29,033,584 



3,055,919 

202,894 

69,076 



145,400 
351,398 
271,523 
211,758 
368,902 
391,913 

403,032 
231,719 
190,412 
451,921 
182,550 
127,361 



2,368,210 
959,679 
241,882 



2,271,292 

719,195 

95,132 

96,918 
240,484 
146,750 



72,001 
459,899 
776,985 
809,004 
668,587 
477,841 



359,188 

1,113,085 

2,155,510 

679,443 

136,920 

296,722 



Economic class 



63,197 
100.0 

11,562,793 
100.0 
183.0 

19,896 
107.58 

61,2>1 

5,410,349 

100.0 

34,811 

973,456 

13,812 

374,599 

25,960 

1,091,484 

17,955 

665,122 

36,248 

2,375,249 

6,916 

179,634 

61,669 

672,534 

62,017 

6,758,404 

61,398 

4,440,189 

36,040 

1,756,606 

1,900 

121,580 



61,061 
1,048 
1,088 



560 
1,661 
3,200 
3,565 
9,725 
11,225 

12,615 
6,166 
4,361 
7,850 
1,761 
488 



51,698 

11,499 

55 



51,537 

U,489 

50 



161 

10 

5 



857 
7,850 
13,649 
15, U7 
14,297 
10,833 



4,844 

19,840 

41,698 

13,655 

2,389 

3,796 



592 

0.9 

457,663 

4.0 

773.1 

82,375 
122.12 

591 
145,798 

2.7 

428 
35,026 

124 
11,333 

266 
28,876 

259 
30,759 

287 

191,273 

124 

14,742 

554 

14,598 

592 

192,157 

576 

255,175 

407 

59,635 

46 

6,251 



545 
39 



20 
35 

10 
56 
50 
241 
115 
65 



486 
106 



485 

106 



1 

101 

181 

154 

94 

46 



194 
376 
137 
18 
39 



7,156 

11.3 

1,788,345 
15.5 
249.9 

39,913 
153.38 

7,150 

1,043,583 

19.3 

4,969 

163,622 

1,062 

28,902 

2,496 

104,176 

2,267 

94,406 

3,658 

259,592 

1,034 

35,201 

7,057 

94,064 

7,151 

1,236,107 

7,041 

527,390 

3,933 

198,582 

270 

22,495 



6,916 
156 

84 



5 
5 

45 
180 
385 
745 

1,525 
1,080 
1,050 
1,750 
295 
91 



4,958 

2,198 

5 



4,948 

2,198 

5 



160 
1,682 
2,124 
1,693 
1,067 

394 



134 

1,957 

5,054 

1,603 

151 

203 



16,414 

26.0 

3,295,037 
28.5 
200.7 

24,669 

124.15 

16,371 

1,797,506 

33.2 

10,029 

262,608 

3,054 

81,327 

6,272 

249,791 

4,503 

146,776 

9,553 

564,631 

1,913 

41,823 

16,178 

192,396 

16,392 

2,141,441 

16,128 

1,077,030 

8,932 

396,567 

465 

32,006 



15,636 
282 

496 



5 

100 

190 

365 

1,635 

3,340 

4,325 
2,165 
1,450 
2,211 
466 
122 



U,935 

4,479 

15 



11,915 

4,474 

10 



361 
2,955 
4,745 
4,104 
3,080 
1,051 



18,662 
29.5 

3,320,073 
28.7 
177.9 

15,944 
90. U 

18,474 
1,537,713 

28.4 
9,862 

261,749 
4,430 

124,532 

7,856 
324,227 

5,133 
158,671 

U,062 

706,126 

1,964 

50,686 

18,192 

206,853 

18,580 

1,923,994 

16,a6 

1,292,104 

10,637 

463,098 

575 

39,559 



18,147 
279 
236 



50 

2a 

590 

970 

3,590 

3,710 

3,930 
1,635 
1,170 
2,116 
555 
125 



15,746 

2,916 

15 



15,726 

2,916 

15 



237 
2,059 
4,086 
4,996 
4,512 
2,582 



4,694 


6,114 


11,026 


12,037 


3,849 


4,065 


497 


819 


548 


1,230 



13,804 
21.8 

2,003,105 
17.3 

145.1 

U,369 
76.83 

13,030 

715,006 

13.2 

6,659 

161,745 

3,516 

95,348 

6,105 
258,305 

3,855 
136,871 

8,106 

496,537 

1,434 

29,852 

13,373 
119,293 

13,328 
992,099 

13,264 

936,537 

8,086 

395,176 

449 

18,839 



13,456 
202 
144 



155 
660 
1,360 
1,220 
3,010 
2,255 

2,100 
1,015 

466 
1,242 

255 
66 



12,396 

1,408 

15 



12,371 
1,408 

15 



83 
862 
2,159 
3,218 
3,736 
3,536 



2,704 

5,407 
8,107 
2,727 
904 
1,776 



SUMMARY FOR THE UNITED STATES 



39 



Table l.-FARMS AND FARM CHARACTERISTICS FOR ALL GENERAL PRIMARILY LIVESTOCK FARMS, BY ECONOMIC CLASS 

CENSUS OF 1954-Conlinued 

[Pata are based on reports for only a sample of farms. See text. Subregion statistics combined for all General Farms In Table 10 ] 



Item 
(For definitions and ejcplanationa, see text) 



FARMS BY CLASS OF WORK POWER 

No tractor, horses, or mules farms reporting.. 

No tractor and l only 1 horse or mule farms reporting.. 

Mo tractor and 2 or more horses and/or mules farms reporting.. 

Tractor and horses and/or mules farms reporting.. 

Tractor and no horses or mules farms reporting.. 

SPECIFIED FACILITIES AND EQUIPMENT 

Telephone farms reporting. . 

Electricity farms reporting. . 

Television set farms reporting. . 

Piped running water farms reporting. . 

Home freezer farms reporting.. 

Electric pig brooder farms reporting. . 

Power feed grinder farms reporting. . 

Milking machine farms reporting. . 

Grain combines > farms reporting. . 

number. . 
Corn pickers farms reporting. . 

number . . 
Pick-up hay balers farms reporting. . 

number. . 
Field forage harvesters farms reporting. . 

number. . 
Motortrucks farms reporting. . 

number . . 
Tractors farms reporting. . 

number. . 
Wheel tractors other than garden farms reporting.. 

number. . 
Garden tractors farms reporting. . 

number. . 
Crawler tractors farms reporting. . 

number. . 
Automobiles farms reporting. . 

number. . 
FARM LABOR 

Veek of Sept. 2e-0ct. 2 aod/or Oct. 24-30: 

Family and/or hir^d workers farms reporting. . 

persons. . 

Family workers, including operator farms reporting.. 

Operators working 1 hour or more persons . . 

1 to 14 hours............... persons.. 

15 hours or more persons. . 

Unpaid members of operator's family farms reporting.. 

persons. . 

Hired workers farms reporting. . 

persons. . 
Regular workers (to be employed 

150 days or more) farms reporting. . 

persons . . 
Seasonal workers (to be employed 

less than 150 days ) farms reporting. . 

persons . . 
SPECIFIED FARM EXPENDITURES 

Specified farm expenditures^ farms reporting.. 

Machine hire and/or hired labor farms reporting.. 

Machine hire farms reporting. . 

dollars. . 

Hired labor. farms reporting. . 

dollars. . 

$1 to $499 farms reporting. . 

$1 to $99 farms reporting. . 

$100 to $199 farms reporting. . 

$200 to $i99 farms reporting. . 

$500 to $999 farms reporting.. 

$1,000 to $2,499 farms reporting... 

$2,500 to $4,999 farms reporting.., 

$5,000 and over farms reporting. . , 

Feed for livestock and poultry farms reporting.., 

dollars. . , 

Gasoline and other petroleum fuel and oil farms reporting.. 

dollars. . 
Commercial fertilizer and 

fertilizing material farms reporting. . 

dollars.. 

tons . . 

acres on which used.. 

Lime and liming material farms reporting. . 

dollars. . 

tons.. 

acres on which used.. 

LIVESTOCK AND LIVESTOCK PRODUCTS 
Livestock od haod: 

Horses and mules farms reporting. . , 

number. . , 

All cattle and calves farms reporting... 

number. . . 
Cows, including heifers than have calved. ..farms reporting... 

number. .. 

Milk cows farms reporting. . . 

number. . , 

All hogs and pigs farms reporting. . . 

number. . . 

Bom before June 1 number. . . 

Chickens 4 months old and over farms reporting... 

number. . . 

Sheep, total farms reporting. . . 

number. . . 
Number 1 year and over: 

Ewes number. . . 

Rams and wethers number. . . 



All 
ccxmnerclal 

fBUBB 



496,839 
135,364 
330,922 
858,118 
1,506,646 



1,745,567 

3,120,327 

1,204,223 

2,023,700 

1,139,542 

109,332 

668,851 

686,327 

896,010 

950, 341 

662,654 

674,182 

426,979 

431,944 

193,503 

197,628 

1,773,239 

2,223,443 

2,398,698 

4,127,764 

2,340,870 

3,750,125 

223,351 

233,562 

115,662 

144,077 

2,479,206 

3,199,713 



3,129,241 
7,936,196 
3,084,012 
3,029,184 

496,571 
2,532,613 
1,421,260 
2,291,735 

697, 337 
2,615,277 

323,208 
670,934 

453,384 
1,944,343 



3,308,338 

2,690,305 

2,073,506 

602,982,131 

1,944,892 

2,214,180,127 

1,285,814 

529,493 

330,778 

425,543 

236,747 

242,875 

99,170 

80,286 

2,551,473 

3,681,510,455 

2,666,693 

1,312,642,381 

2,294,541 

1,023,734,322 

17,765,047 

116,120,634 

450,834 

64,967,573 

16,208,244 

9,762,231 



1,324,404 

3,262,439 

2,626,959 
88,843,964 

2,529,921 
41,969,236 

2,166,476 
18,663,736 

1,792,467 
54,963,546 
27,713,057 

2,406,330 

340,361,825 

303,556 

30,176,433 

18,222,016 
1,037,322 



Economic class 



3,797 
839 

4,964 
18,193 
35,404 



43,310 

60,230 

23,405 

41,785 

27,506 

4,496 

21,511 

23,222 

22,118 

22,494 

21,428 

21,551 

11,437 

11,527 

4,424 

4,512 

30,885 

33,555 

54,033 

87,108 

53,443 

80,372 

5,741 

5,820 

825 

916 

53,136 

65,524 



61,364 

125,330 

61,103 

59,973 

9,750 
50,223 
33,837 
50,555 

8,756 
14,802 

3,924 
5,583 

5,506 
9,214 

63,063 

51,857 

46,094 

9,153,402 

31,072 

12,982,388 

25,107 

12,859 

6,484 

5,764 

2,773 

2,352 

577 

253 

60, 564 

82,384,006 

56,115 

21,360,472 

43,358 

13,777,673 

241,020 

2,006,732 

13,412 

1,509,329 

429,303 

222,167 



23,996 

60,118 

61,942 
1,548,334 

60,963 
769,826 

59,295 
598,511 

49,235 

1,754,121 

342,479 

59,035 
15,393,259 

11,364 
436,099 

269, 308 
20,245 



2 

203 

372 



555 
592 
409 
566 
491 
145 
341 
453 
435 
472 
384 
412 
347 
355 
293 
303 
537 
991 
568 

1,963 
557 

1,688 
144 
154 
99 
121 
526 

1,777 



589 

2,867 

576 

570 

63 

507 

301 

573 

473 

1,719 

425 
1,306 

177 
413 

592 

566 

370 

135,300 

551 

2,855,415 

42 

5 

11 

26 

70 

141 

129 

169 

579 

6,749,799 

558 

757,498 

569 
844,594 
15,617 
91,654 
275 
91,985 
20,144 
11,681 



205 
1,274 

584 
61,190 

559 
27,131 

549 
18,403 

419 
47,921 
20,683 

461 
594,626 

156 
23,193 

18,520 
982 



206 
1,703 
5,162 



6,299 
6,936 
3,951 
6,562 
4,793 
1,343 
3,574 
6,110 
4,580 
4,711 
4,739 
4,758 
3,342 
3,344 
1,603 
1,608 
4,981 
5,684 
6,869 

15,620 
6,840 

14,217 
1,117 
1,160 
207 
243 
6,737 
9,774 



7,062 
17,875 
7,007 
6,360 
795 
6,065 
4,348 
7,023 
2,490 
3,937 

1,590 
2,080 

1,154 
1,907 



7,154 

6,535 

5,260 

1,607,442 

5,232 

4,352,289 

2,795 

873 

834 

1,083 

839 

1,161 

316 

71 

7,040 

23,299,713 

7,014 

4,692,376 

6,450 

4,022,053 

68,014 

537,545 

2,657 

417,350 

120,103 

59,339 



1,909 

6,003 

7,026 
305,192 

6,922 
150,875 

6,790 
127,266 

6,105 
437,538 
201,785 

6,174 
2,790,051 

1,236 
71,637 

37,126 
3,990 



415 

22 

536 

4,589 

10, 852 



12,907 

15,787 

7,622 

12,800 

3,792 

1,721 

7,441 

11,585 

8,117 

3,270 

8,834 

8,873 

4,236 

4,256 

1,635 

1,663 

9,100 

9,701 

15,479 

27,623 

15,411 

25,543 

1,851 

1,866 

203 

209 

14,914 

18,690 



16,083 
34,749 
16,000 
15,666 

1,912 
13,754 

9,739 
15,136 

2,708 

3,947 

1,168 
1,326 

1,722 
2,621 

16,398 

14,351 

12,882 

3,045,536 

9,494 

3,167,551 

7,654 

3,333 

2,189 

2,132 

1,011 

711 

105 

13 

15,951 

25,913,325 

15,948 

7,334,639 

12,700 

4,481,512 

75,413 

677,043 

4,025 

467,364 

133,734 

71,227 



5,147 
13,907 
16,135 

480,363 
15,975 

236,263 
15,606 

197,065 
14,274 

681,042 

334,489 

15,272 

4,969,233 

3,323 

112,328 

72,344 
4,084 



661 

71 

977 

6,210 

10,743 



12,572 

18,006 

6,381 

11,843 

7,677 

362 

6,232 

7,566 

6,024 

6,057 

5,461 

5,483 

2,497 

2,532 

692 

697 

8,499 

8,964 

17,043 

24,566 

16,923 

22,961 

1,396 

1,396 

198 

209 

16,039 

19,032 



18,216 
36,497 
18,151 
17,325 
2,942 
14,333 
10,397 
15,574 
1,844 
3,098 

533 
653 

1,374 
2,445 

13,601 

15,727 

14,388 

2,653,487 

8,834 

1,716,031 

8,032 

4,271 

2,024 

1,737 

525 

261 

11 

5 

17,894 

17,456,612 

17,131 

5,931,305 

12,421 

2,876,115 

51,372 

457,422 

3,645 

340,569 

95,159 

49,936 



7,253 
17,645 
18,307 

411,800 
17,867 

206,426 
17,545 

153,216 
14,975 

409,022 

196,144 

17,670 

4,156,975 

3,510 

135,048 

82,725 
6,306 



1,190 
241 
1,630 
4,252 
6,491 



7,365 

13,224 

3,790 

7,226 

4,338 

370 

3,126 

2,216 

2,507 

2,523 

1,750 

1,760 

351 

376 

185 

225 

5,772 

6,114 

10,888 

13,541 

10,707 

12,587 

351 

862 

86 

92 

10,950 

11,958 



13,294 
24,165 
13,264 
13,047 

2,636 
10,411 

6,781 

9,516 
974 

1,602 

184 

199 

326 
, 1,403 

13,774 

10,755 

9,822 

1,323,964 

5,307 

742,742 

4,969 

3,167 

1,149 

653 

261 

61 

16 

13,080 
7,494,787 

11,752 
2,609,057 

8,115 

1,265,349 

24,076 

200,665 

2,177 

152,767 

44,627 

23,560 



6,123 

14,483 

13,533 

224,557 

13,323 

113,862 

12,663 

77,166 

9,417 

143,842 

71,031 

13,115 

2,203,785 

2,365 

73,497 

47,759 
4,126 



1,431 
505 
1,613 
1,236 
1,784 



3,112 

5,635 

1,252 

2,788 

1,415 

55 

747 

292 

455 

461 

260 

260 

164 

164 

16 

16 

1,996 

2,101 

3,186 

3,795 

3,000 

3,371 

332 

332 

32 

42 

3,970 

4,293 



6,115 
9,177 
6,105 
6,005 
1,402 
4,603 
2,271 
2,723 
262 
449 

19 
24 

253 
425 

6,544 

3,923 

3,372 

332,673 

1,654 

148,810 

1,615 

1,205 

277 

133 

22 

17 



6,020 

1,969,765 

3,712 

534,597 

3,103 

238,055 

6,028 

42,403 

633 

38,794 

10,491 

6,374 



3,354 

6,306 

6,352 
65,232 

6,317 
35,269 

6,142 
25,395 

4,045 
34,756 
18,347 

6,343 

678,534 

724 

15,396 

10,834 
757 



Excludes farms reporting expenditures for commercial fertilizer and lime. 



40 



SIZE OF OPERATION BY TYPE OF FARM 



Table l.-FARMS AND FARM CHARACTERISTICS FOR ALL GENERAL PRIMARILY LIVESTOCK FARMS, BY ECONOMIC CLASS- 
CENSUS OF 1954-Conlinued 

iData are based on reports for only a sample of farms. See text. Subregions statistics combined for all General Farms in Table lOj 



(For definitions end explanations, see text) 



coomerclal 
faims 



Econcmlc class 



Livestock and livestock products sold: 

Cattle and calves sold alive farms reporting,,, 

number,,, 
dollars,.. 

Hogs and pigs sold alive farms reporting,,. 

number,. ,. 
dollars,,, 

Chickens sold farms reporting,,, 

dollars,,. 

Chicken eggs sold farms reporting.,, 

dozens .. , 
dollars,.. 

Milk sold^ pounds, . , 

dollars,,. 

Sheep sold farms reporting.,, 

number,,, 
dollars.,. 

Farms reporting by total number of cattle on hand: 

Under 10 cattle farms reporting,,, 

10 to 2^ cattle farms reporting,,. 

25 to A9 cattle farms reporting,,, 

50 to 99 cattle farms reporting,,, 

100 cattle and over farms reporting,,. 

Farms reporting by number of sows farrowing or to farrow: 

1 sow farms reporting, , 

2 sows farms reporting, , 

3 sows farms reporting., 

4 sows,,,,. farms reporting,. 

5 sows,,.., farms reporting,, 

6 sows farms reporting,, 

7 sows farms reporting,, 

8 sows farms reporting, , 

9 sows farms reporting,, 

10 sows and over farms reporting,. 

Farms reporting by number of cattle, excluding calves sold: 

Under 10 cattle farms reporting.. 

10 to 19 cattle , farms reporting.. 

20 to 29 cattle farms reporting., 

30 to ^9 cattle farms reporting., 

50 to 99 cattle farms reporting.. 

100 to 199 cattle farms reporting.. 

200 cattle and over farms reporting,. 

Farms reporting by number of hogs sold: 

Under 10 hogs farms reporting,, 

10 to 29 hogs farms reporting,. 

30 to 49 hogs farms reporting.. 

50 to 99 hogs farms reporting. , 

100 hogs and over farms reporting.. 

ESTIMATED VALUE OF FARM PRODUCTS SOLD (see text) 
All farm products sold dollars,. 

All crops sold , dollars, . 

Field crops, other than vegetables and fruits 

and nuts , sold .dollars , . 

Vegetables sold dollars,. 

Fruits and nuts sold dollars,. 

Horticultural specialties sold dollars.. 

All livestock and livestock products sold dollars.. 

Dairy products sold , dollars,. 

Poultry and poultry products sold ,,..,, .dollars, . 

Livestock and livestock products, other than 
dairy and poultry, sold dollars,. 

Forest products sold , , dollars, . 

SPECIFIED CROPS HARVESTED 

Com for all purposes , farms reporting , . 

acres.. 

Corn harvested for grain , farms reporting,. 

acres, ,. 

bushels harvested,, 

bushels sold, , 

Sorghum for all purposes except for sirup farms reporting,. 

acres, . 
Sorghum harvested for grain or for seed bushels sold,. 

Wheat threshed or combined acres.. 

bushels harvested,, 
bushels sold,. 

Spring wheat threshed or combined..,,... acres,. 

bushels harvested,, 
bushels sold,. 

Oats threshed or combined .....,.,,, acres,. 

bushels harvested,, 
bushels sold,. 

Barley threshed or combined ,.,..,,, farms reporting,, 

acres, , 

bushels harvested,, 

bushels sold. 

Rye threshed or combined bushels sold,. 

Buckwheat threshed or combined bushels sold,. 

Flaxseed threshed or combined bushels sold,. 

Rice threshed or combined bushels sold,. 



42, 

4,219, 

1, 

56, 
2,289, 

696, 

1 

2,663, 

922 

93,710 

3,330, 

22 
330, 



24,298, 
11,955, 



9,735 
628 

1,186, 
403, 

12,223, 

3,330, 
1,907, 

6,985, 

120, 



168,490 
590,662 
053,073 

,255,555 
641,238 
760,716 
921,435 
321,848 
391,630 
617,211 

,141,662 

,976,980 
025,237 
259,762 
425,250 

,536,753 



(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 



(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 



(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 



(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 



622,950 
045,301 



818,610 
498,349 
848,705 
879,637 

361,628 
025,237 
376,647 

959,744 

216,021 



2,300,261 
74,377,194 
2,046,377 
63,394,112 
2,547,823,454 
992,119,020 

329,899 

17,112,709 

175,980,777 

50,582,348 

900,761,498 
800,412,820 

14,304,189 
166,017,093 
140,147,001 

37,312,820 

1,301,894,795 

344,163,274 

308,436 

12,440,079 

352,824,132 

235,606,108 

■10,397,747 

970, 191 

31,332,584 
142,050,327 



60, 172 

604,472 

43,653,010 

46,937 

1,874,902 

73,985,557 

44,628 

10,680,786 

56,452 

146,262,709 

47,976,302 

3,085,179,772 

90,705,896 

9,780 

260,549 

3,791,883 



10,786 
26, 792 
19,085 
4,539 
740 



3,577 
4,559 
3,344 
4,279 
2,626 
3,422 
1,910 
3,010 
1,572 
14,435 



40, 589 

5,178 

1,087 

701 

253 

44 



8,108 
15,429 
9,721 

10,062 
3,617 



343,535,817' 

64,033,832 

60,185,986 

1,927,637 

1,543,764 

376, 4A5 

278,515,194 
90,705,696 
64, 178, 902 

123,630,396 

986,791 



53,801 

1,648,921 

49,204 

1,373,096 

64,198,195 

11,339,014 

5,311 
106,390 
112,945 

508,122 

10,478,882 

7,976,729 

123,220 

1,050,050 

667,846 

1,108,562 

39,741,009 

4,863,572 

8,105 
L23,955 
3,341,356 
706,451 
195,450 
20, 990 

361,384 



576 

30.093 

3,736,592 

412 

67,882 

3,113,871 

415 

1,456,464 

424 

6,829,916 

2,701,734 

141,314,214 

5,616,855 

123 

20,747. 

321,739 



5 
25 

137 
210 
207 



11 

5 

304 



157 
111 



103 
29 



34 
35 
11 
71 
261 



23,478,102 

3,972,515 

3,149,550 
362,807 
156,583 
303,575 

19,397,761 
5,616,855 
6,359,238 

7,421,668 

107,826 



526 

46,519 

491 

33,661 

2,107,357 

685,800 

25 
1,702 



14,689 

387,835 

350,781 

1,184 

16,962 

14,673 

23,992 

1,043,394 

166,295 

179 

6,084 

193,792 

40, 958 

9,035 



7, 

133, 

11,441, 

6, 

549, 

23,690, 

5, 

3,134, 

5, 

30,994, 

10,911, 

878,559 

29,210; 

1, 

794, 



66 

938 

4,149 

1,626 

247 



86 
146 

111 
148 
136 
156 
176 
230 
160 
4,325 



16,065 

182,543 

12,799,569 

14,302 

717,436 

28,846,640 

12,856 

3,057,878 

14,677 

50,666,325 

16,415,851 

1.116,623,840 

31,836,815 

2,570 

67,350 

1,012,556 



651 
6,463 
7,468 
1,378 

175 



270 
569 
538 
989 
684 

1,121 
726 

1,299 
832 

6,832 



4,503 

1,025 

447 

426 

121 

10 



254 

453 

573 

2,355 

2,528 



102,105,121 

20,383,371 

19,409,917 

766,985 

189,669 

16,800 

81,487,291 
29,210,167 
15,966,845 

36,310,279 

234,459 



6.833 

363,301 

6,675 

312,435 

18,134,378 

4,537,405 

238 

8,477 

21,575 

83,990 

2,381,086 

2,029,000 

7,469 

136,456 

107,131 

210,811 

9,251,297 

1,267,335 

1,218 

19,261 

696,352 

137,589 

77, 965 

2,130 

54,511 



11,355 

2,068 

440 

149 

23 

5 



666 
2,395 
4,330 
6,219 

692 



117,283,135 

21,338,190 

20,953,292 

491,206 

371,397 

22,295 

95,242,874 
31,336,815 
20,195,336 

43,210,723 

202,071 



15,380 

586,079 

14,684 

496, 981 

24,644,571 

4,163,840 

721 
17,163 
40,547 

150,773 

3,464,532 

2,753,499 

30,290 

308,395 

215,642 

413,951 

15,316,867 

1,358,367 

2,372 

38,725 

1,061,914 

262,382 

47,335 

4,900 

144,344 



17,977 

154,513 

9, 829, 602 

14,613 

392,882 

14,016,933 

13,431 

1,926,856 

16,937 

36,611,037 

11,154,939 

661,647,929 

17,175,135 

3,148 

74,473 

1,023,563 



2,181 

10,230 

4,937 

373 

86 



1,040 
1,673 
1,452 
1,779 
1,168 
1,567 

772 
1,176 

475 
2,473 



12,704 

1,683 

126 

33 

6 



2,073 
6,972 
4,185 
1,257 
126 



69,304,832 

12,932,045 

12,291,060 

245,050 

382,735 

13,150 

56,168,020 
17,175,135 
13,547,477 

25,4A5,408 

204,817 



16,808 

420,200 

14,742 

347,000 

13,534,337 

1,514,214 

1,694 
32,475 
20,455 

166,075 

2,905,323 

2,063,856 

54,206 

402,403 

255,624 

324,379 

10,290,907 

1,188,475 

2,760 

40,272 

1,021,262 

226,160 

36,100 

7,685 

124,449 



12,793 

31,536 

4,737,661 

8,479 

121,385 

3,703,904 

8,923 

907,542 

12,489 

16,938,934 

5,482,163 

233,693,547 

5,741,946 

2,151 

41,483 

545,962 



4,107 

6,953 

2,072 

382 

19 



1,372 

1,583 

977 

1,119 

523 

482 

201 

260 

75 

451 



8,764 

291 

10 

5 



3,185 

4,587 

557 

140 

10 



26,031,827 

4,209,197 

3,880,314 

20,164 

289,319 

18,900 

21,630,827 
5,741,946 
6,555,202 

9,333,679 

191,803 



10,199 

173,363 

8,940 

145,279 

4,812,777 

398,865 

1,818 
33,406 
27,763 

78,981 

1,148,348 

710,237 

27,042 

166,136 

71,200 

119,393 

3,308,325 

343,005 

1,377 

17,102 

325,533 

37,022 

21,260 

5,975 

33,580 



Not available. 



^Includes milk equivalent of cream and butterfat sold. 



SUMMARY FOR THE UNITED STATES 



41 



Table 1.-FARMS AND FARM CHARACTERISTICS FOR ALL GENERAL PRIMARILY LIVESTOCK FARMS, BY ECONOMIC CLASS: 

CENSUS OF 1954-Continued 

^ata are based on reports for only a sample of farms. See text. Subregions statistics combined for all General Farms in Table io] 



Item 
(For deflultionfi and ezplanatlons, see text) 



All 

camerclal 

faims 



Econcnic class 



SPECIFIED CROPS HARVESTED— Continued 

Soybeans harvested for beans. .bushels. . . 

Cotton harvested farms reporting... 

acres.. . 

bales... 

Popcorn harvested .pounds. . . 

Sugar beets harvested for sugar tons... 

Tobacco harvested pounds . . . 

Tobacco harvested (type not specified) pounds... 

Burley tobacco harvested pounds . . . 

Dark-fired tobacco harvested pounds... 

Dark air-cured tobacco harvested pounds... 

Flue-cured tobacco harvested pounds... 

Irish potatoes harvested for home use or 

for sale bushels... 

Sweetpotatoes harvested for home use or 

for sale bushels . . . 

Vegetables harvested for sale ...farms reporting... 

dollars... 

Land in bearing and nonbearlng fruit orchards, groves, 

vineyards, and planted nut trees^.... .faims reporting... 

acres... 

Apples^ bushels harvested... 

Peachesl .bushels harvested.. . 

Alfalfa and alfalfa mixtures cut for hay (and for 

dehydrating) acres . . . 

tons . . . 
tons sold . . . 

Clover, timothy, and mixtures of clover and grasses 

cut for hay acres... 

tons.. . 
tons sold... 

LespedesB cut for hay acres... 

tons... 
tons sold... 
Vetch or peas, alone or mixed with oats or other grains, 
cut for hay ...acres... 

tons... 
tons sold... 

Oats, wheat, barley, rye, or other small grains 
cut for hay ...........acres... 

tons.. . 
tons sold... 

Wild hay cut acres 

tons... 
tons sold... 

Grass silage made from grasses, alfalfa, clover, 

or small grains acres . . . 

tons, green weight... 

Other hay cut acres... 

tons... 
tons sold... 

Nursery products sold. ...............dollars... 

Cut flowers, potted plants, florist greens, and 
bedding plants sold dollars. ., 

Vegetables grown under glass, flower seeds, vegetable seeds, 
vegetable plants, bulbs, and -mushrooms sold dollars... 



17, 

12, 

156, 

li, 

1,822, 

427, 

432, 

46, 

22, 

861, 



330, 
23, 
628, 



3 

107 



324,503 
731,802 
963,656 
516,285 
266,472 
766,368 

282,985 
597, 922 
733,314 
,103,715 
877,855 
,260,424 



603,806 
228,909 
498,349 



283,709 
610,183 
019,140 
106,900 



352,943 
115,556 
475,922 



672,584 
367,533 
,411,929 

813,741 
,458,220 
135,283 

48,309 
85,368 
9,661 



,163,669 
,632,385 
295,045 

1,106,511 

1,328,205 

618,625 



1,158,671 
6,759,132 

4,643,189 

4,814,116 

360,480 

138,077,412 



;,777,391 
,024,834 



4,526,763 

1,636 

17,247 

5,440 

1,731,655 

23,392 

8,564,215 
6,639,245 

1,439,105 
173,820 
154,545 
157, 500 



41,128 

3,445 

1,927,637 



6,157 

11,592 

173,794 

79,621 



614,081 

1,237,463 

63,078 



408,629 
590,500 
29,683 

40,372 

37,206 

1,099 



765 

1,335 

165 



57,278 
65,309 
3,620 

187, 108 

164,348 

6,502 



27,742 
157,283 

69,912 
76,026 
3,240 

20,040 

331,350 

24,555 



174,610 

21 

729 

435 

126,000 

5,680 

550,760 

472,540 

78,220 



1,590 

136 

362,807 



91 

875 

25,064 

227 



19,156 
42,904 
4,120 



11,653 

20,095 

2,330 

941 

1,389 

39 



2,377 
3,529 
1,445 

2,341 

1,905 

30 



2,821 
13,370 

2,749 

3,770 

164 



1,402,497 

67 

1,735 

793 

449,200 

13,020 

4,338,600 

4,087,250 

188,350 



63,000 



3,426 

741 

766,985 



581 

1,094 

27,439 

14,539 



134,165 
316,202 
21,048 



73,369 

122,551 

10,418 

3,870 

4,798 

175 



125 
155 
125 



5,874 

7,654 

565 

12,594 

13,212 

562 



13,921 
31,516 

7,755 

9,734 

953 

1,000 



6,300 
9,500 



1,829,794 

156 

2,138 

840 

749,325 

2,977 

1,386,460 

1,506,050 

223,410 

90,000 

5,000 

62,000 



2,921 

840 

491,206 



1,348 

2,614 

41,498 

14,660 



205,547 

438,950 

19,447 



133,849 

193,338 

7,990 

4,915 

5,373 

385 



445 
315 
40 



9,163 

12,794 

410 

43,349 

43,963 

2,475 



7,755 
39,957 

14,990 

18,833 
567 

45 



15,250 
7,000 



931,032 

501 

5,890 

1,645 

346, 120 
1,330 

1,136,760 
433,180 
596,025 
65,895 
61,660 
30,000 



11,316 

727 

245,050 



1,631 

2,589 

34,647 

28,441 



164,988 

298,115 

12,892 



110,243 

155,101 

5,265 

13,571 

11,689 

190 

50 
115 



17,264 

20,429 

750 

31,802 
63,733 
2,430 



2,530 
13,835 

20,366 

23,027 

998 



172,930 

621 

4,860 

1,257 

23,330 

385 

484,915 

128,250 

285,815 

13,125 

57,725 



123,230 

12,847 

600 

20,164 



1,619 

2,605 

26,942 

15,190 



75,333 

119,743 

5,195 



61,034 

73,272 

2,945 

11,375 

9,647 

255 



145 
250 



15,931 

15,060 
370 

39,357 

31,195 

890 



635 
2,825 

17,732 

15,608 

415 



4,075 



15 


900 




270 


1 


895 




470 


37 


180 


116 


720 


11,975 


67,285 


4 


800 


30 


160 


2 


500 



65,147 

8,528 

401 

41,425 



887 

1,815 

18,204 

6,564 



14,892 

21,549 

376 



18,476 

21,143 

735 

5,700 

4,310 

55 



6,669 

5,843 

80 

7,665 

5,335 

115 



80 
230 

6,320 

5,054 

143 



2,650 



^Does not include data for farms with less than 20 trees or grapevines. See text. 



42 



SIZE OF OPERATION BY TYPE OF FARM 



Table l.-FARMS AND FARM CHARACTERISTICS FOR ALL GENERAL CROP AND LIVESTOCK FARMS, BY ECONOMIC CLASS: 

CENSUS OF 1954 

[Data are based on reports for only a sample of fanss. See text. Subregion statistics combined for all General Farms in Table lOl 



(For definitions and explanations, see text) 



All 

coEimercial 

ranos 



Economic class 



FADIC, AOIEtaE, AND VAUK 

Faras number. 

Percent distribution percent. 

Laod in fans acres . 

Percent distribution percent. 

Average size of farm acres . 

Valoe of land and buildinga: 

Average per farm dollars. 

Average per acre dollars . 

Land in faraa according to uae: . 

Cropland harvested farms reporting. 

acres. 

Percent distribution percent. 

Cropland used onl^ for pasture farms reporting . 

acres . 
Cropland not harvested and not pastured farms reporting. 

acres . 
Woodland pastured farms reporting. 

acres. 
Woodland not pastured farms reporting. 

acres. 
Other pasture (not cropland 
and not woodland) faiiDS reporting. 

acres. 
Iii5)roved (see text).v f anus reporting. 

acres . 
Other land (house lots, roads, 
wasteland, etc.) farms reporting. 

acres . 
Cropland, total farms reporting. 

acres . 
Land pastured, total farms reporting. 

acres . 
Woodland, total farms reporting. 

acres . 
Irrigated land in farms farms reporting. 

acres . 

RESIDENCE OF FARM OPERATOR 

Residing on farm operated operators reporting. 

Not residing on farm operated operators reporting . 

Operators not reporting residence number . 

FAHJC Blf SIZE 

IMder 10 acres number. 

10 to 29 acres number. 

30 to 49 acres number. 

50 to 69 acres number. 

70 to 99 acres number. 

100 to 139 acres number . 

UO to 179 acres number . 

180 to 219 acres number. 

220 to 259 acres number. 

260 to 499 acres number. 

500 to 999 acres number. 

1,000 acres and over number. 

FARM OPERATORS BY COLOR AND TENURE 

All fara operatora: 

Owners, part owners, and managers number. 

All tenants number. 

Croppers • number. 

All vliite operatara: 

Owners, part owners, and managers number. 

All tenants number . 

Croppers number. 

All aoavhite operatora: 

Owners, part owners, and managers number. 

All tenants number . 

Croppers number. 

FARM OPERATORS BI AGE 

Under 25 years operator^ reporting. 

25 to 34 years operators reporting. 

35 to 44 years operators reporting . 

45 to 54 years operators reporting. 

55 to 64 years operators reporting. 

65 years and over operators reporting . 

OFF-FARM WORX AND OTHER INCOME 

Fara operatora— 

With other income of family exceeding value of farm 

products sold operators reporting. 

Working off their farms, by days 

worked, total operators reporting. 

None operators reporting. 

1 to 99 days operators reporting. 

100 to 199 days operators reporting. 

200 days or more operators reporting. 



3,327,889 
xxx 

1 ,032 ,493 ,352 

XXX 

310.3 

25,437 
83.07 

3,148,874 
321,586,517 

XXX 

1,412,539 

57,506,468 

889 ,841 

52,491,969 

1,057,059 

94,424,817 

919,891 

55,836,567 

1,488,954 

415,276,760 

311,862 

16,094,374 

2,982,199 

35,370,254 

3,224,297 

431,584,954 

2,602,192 

567,208,045 

1,616,252 

150,261,384 

264,488 

29,033,584 



3,055,919 

202 ,894 

69 ,076 



145,400 
351,398 
271,523 
211,758 
368,902 
391,913 

403 ,032 
231,719 
190 ,412 
451,921 
182,550 
127,361 



2,368,210 
959,679 
241,882 



2 ,271 ,292 
719,195 
95 ,132 



96 ,918 
240,484 
146,750 



72,001 
459,899 
776,985 
809,004 
668,587 
477,841 



359,188 

1,113,085 

2,155,510 

679,443 

136,920 

296,722 



203,843 
100.0 

53,949,295 
100.0 
264.7 

25,499 
96.58 

203,843 

25,368,659 

100.0 

110,837 

3,847,621 

60,151 

2,440,578 

73,454 

4,416,582 

58,402 

3 ,243 ,947 

114,081 

12 ,102 ,547 

23,412 

797,948 

197,737 

2,529,361 

203,843 

31,656,858 

194,789 

20,366,750 

106,000 

7,660,529 

13,690 

1,343,982 



194 ,616 
5,728 
3,499 



460 

3,235 

7,526 

9,350 

22,955 

28,493 

35,119 
20,115 
17,882 
39,752 
13,650 
5,306 



153,372 
50 ,471 
1,371 



151,518 

49,893 

1,211 



1,854 
578 
160 



3,410 
29,184 
49,532 
50,381 
42 ,473 
26,943 



17 ,458 

68,636 

Ul,551 

47,997 

7,883 

12,756 



3,292 
1.6 

3 ,939 ,463 

7.3 

1,196.7 

128,384 
U7.54 

3,292 

1,403,218 

5.5 

2,071 

257,027 

986 

161,135 

872 

269,960 

888 

295,705 

1,661 

1,424,923 

626 

95,774 

3,153 
127,495 

3,292 
1,821,380 

2,975 
1,951,910 

1,391 
565 ,665 

1,121 
355,788 



2,929 

305 

58 



30 
65 

135 
135 
193 
,120 
789 
815 



2,534 
758 

1 



2,515 

758 

1 



28 
551 
970 
858 
590 
225 



28,578 
14.0 

11,198,388 

20.8 

391.9 

50,626 
130.06 

28,578 

5 ,975 ,376 

23.6 

18,540 

797,868 

6,394 

382 ,272 

8,257 

686,896 

7,200 

518,913 

14,808 

2,350,943 

3,588 

178,320 

28 ,428 

486,120 

28,578 

7,155,516 

27,372 

3,835,707 

12,295 

1,205,809 

3,072 

366 ,577 



27,245 
946 
387 



20 

85 

165 

895 

1,435 

4,375 
3,405 
4,172 
9,509 
2,882 
1,635 



18,299 

10,279 

56 



18,271 
10,269 



588 
6,147 
8,613 
7,147 
4,086 
1.715 



56,470 
27.7 

16,488,581 
30.6 
292.0 

29 ,421 
99.92 

56,470 

8,711,218 

34.3 

31,370 

1,061,117 

15,559 

705,234 

16,429 

1,073,373 

13,612 

665 ,237 

32 ,451 

3,464,127 

6,347 

208,176 

55,282 

808,275 

56,470 

10,477,569 

54,334 

5,598,617 

24,520 

1,738,610 

4,240 

349 ,384 



54 ,417 

1,422 

631 



5 

100 

510 

755 

3,630 

6,971 

11,817 
6,951 
6,170 

13,161 
4,697 
1,703 



37,867 

18,603 

239 



769 


8,180 


2,423 


19,837 


607 


6,920 


44 


564 


118 


696 



18,552 
213 



1,169 
10,016 
16,378 
14,421 
9,834 
4,007 



1,965 

17,559 

37,612 

13,940 

1,638 

1,981 



59,015 
29.0 

13,813,356 
25.6 
234.1 

18,109 
77.24 

59,015 

6,339,332 

25.0 

30,470 

991,009 

18,688 

710,838 

21,568 

1,145,789 

16,521 

820,485 

34,313 

3,116,751 

6,332 

179 ,396 

57,100 

689,152 

59,015 

8,041,179 

56,667 

5,253,549 

30,768 

1 ,966 ,274 

3,111 

183 ,269 



56,659 

1,682 

674 



35 
435 
1,595 
2,580 
7,445 
9,880 

11,135 
5,732 
4,747 

10,621 

3,950 

860 



45,774 

13,241 

490 



45,442 

13,102 

428 



332 
139 
62 



1,005 
7,985 
14,027 
14,868 
13,177 
7,518 



5,796 

20,500 
37,499 
13,443 
2,843 
4,214 



41,565 
20.4 

6,695,427 
12.4 
161.1 

11,440 
70.77 

41,565 

2,455,380 

9.7 

21,201 
568,667 

13 ,601 
373 ,633 

18,612 
887,636 

14,461 
666,626 

23,293 

1,409,817 

5,044 

109 ,742 

39,842 
333 ,668 

41,565 
3,397,680 

39,643 
2,866,120 

26,457 

1,554,262 

1,764 

79 ,272 



38,982 
1,049 
1,534 



140 
1,395 
3,316 
4,015 
8,065 
7,607 

6,082 
3,126 
2,100 
4,351 
1,121 
247 



35 ,635 

5,930 

429 



34,884 

5,713 

387 



751 
217 
42 



518 
3,927 
8,024 
10,173 
10,186 
8,340 



8,979 

17,662 

23,441 

9,121 

2,794 

5,747 



SUMMARY FOR THE UNITED STATES 



43 



Table l.-FARMS AND FARM CHARACTERISTICS FOR ALL GENERAL CROP AND LIVESTOCK FARMS, BY ECONOMIC CLASS- 
CENSUS OF 1954-Continued 

iPata are based on reports for only a sajple of farms. See text. Subreglon statistics oombined for all General Farms in Table 10,] 



Itan 
(For definitions and explanations, see text) 



FAHHS BY CLASS OF WOHK POWER 

No tractor, horses, or mules farms reporting. 

No tractor and only 1 horse or mule farms reporting. 

No tractor and 2 or more horses and/or mules.. ..farms reporting. 

Tractor and horses and /or mules farms reporting. 

Trac tor and no horses or mules farms reporting . 

SPECIFIED FACILITIES AND EQUIPMENT 

Telephone farms reporting. , 

Electricity farms reporting. , 

Television set farms reporting.. 

Piped running water farms reporting. . 

Home freezer farms reporting. . 

Electric pig brooder farms reporting. . 

Power feed grinder farms reporting. . 

Milking machine farms reporting.. 

Grain combines farms reporting . . 

number . . 
Com pickers farms reporting . . 

number. . 
Pick-up hay balers farms reporting.. 

number.. 
Field forage harvesters farms reporting.. 

number . . 
Motortrucks farms reporting. . 

number . . 
Tractors farms reporting. . 

number . . 
Wheel tractors other than garden farms reporting.. 

number . . 
Garden tractors farms reporting.. 

number . . 
Crawler tractors farms reporting. . 

number . . 
Automobiles farms reporting. . 

number . . 
FARM LABOR 

Week of Sept. 26-Oct. 2 aad/or Oct. 24-50: 

Family and/or hired workers farms reporting. . 

persons . . 

Family workers, including operator farms reporting.. 

Operators working 1 hour or more persons . . 

1 to 1^ hours persons . . 

15 hours or more persons . . 

Unpaid members of operator's family .farms reporting.. 

persons . . 

Hired workers farms reporting.. 

persons.. 
Regular workers (to be employed 

150 days or more) farms reporting. . 

persons . . 
Seasonal workers (to be employed 

leas than 150 days) farms reporting.. 

persons . . 
SPECIFIED FARM EXPENDITURES 

Specified farm expenditures^ farms reporting. . 

Machine hire and/or hired labor farms reporting.. 

Machine hire farms reporting.. 

dollars . . 

Hired Inbor farms reporting. . 

dollars . . 

$1 to $499 farms reporting.. 

$1 to $99 farms reporting.. 

$100 to $199 farms reporting. . 

$120 to $499 farms reporting. . 

$500 to $999 farms reporting. . 

$1,000 to $2,499 farms reporting.. 

$2,500 to $4,999 farms reporting.. 

$5,000 and over farms reporting.. 

Feed for livestock and poultry farms reporting.. 

dollars . . 
Gasoline and other petroleum fuel and oil.... farms reporting.. 

dollars. . 
Commercial fertilizer and 

fertilizing material farms reporting. . 

dollars. . 

tons. . 

acres on which used.. 

Lime and liming material farms reporting. . 

dollars . . 

tons . . 

acres on which used.. 

LIVESTOCK AND LIVESTOCK PRODUCTS 
Liveatoek on hand: 

Horses and mules farms reporting. . , 

number . . 

All cattle and calves farms reporting. . , 

number . . , 
Cows, including heifers that have calved farms reporting... 

number. , , 

Milk cows farms reporting.., 

number. . , 

All hogs and pigs farms reporting... 

number . . . 

Bom before June 1 number. . . 

Chickens 4 months old and over farms reporting. . . 

number. . . 

Sheep, total farms reporting... 

number . . . 
Number 1 year and over: 

Ewes number. .. 

Rams and wethers number . . . 



All 

Cdmnerclal 

feriDS 



496,839 
135,364 
330,922 

858,118 
1,506,646 



1,745,567 

3,120,327 

1,204,223 

2,023,700 

1,189,542 

109,332 

668,851 

686,327 

896,010 

950,341 

662,654 

674,182 

426,979 

431,944 

193,503 

197,628 

1,773,239 

2,223,443 

2,398,698 

4,127,764 

2,340,870 

3,750,125 

223,851 

233,562 

115,662 

144,077 

2,479,206 

3,199,713 



3,129,241 
7,936,196 
3,084,012 
3,029,184 

496,571 
2,532,613 
1,421,260 
2,291,735 

697,337 
2,615,277 

323,208 
670,934 

458,384 
1,944,343 

3,308,838 

2,690,305 

2,073,506 

602,982,131 

1,944,892 

2,214,180,127 

1,285,814 

529,493 

330,778 

425,543 

236 ,747 

242,875 

99,170 

80,286 

2,551,473 

3,681,510,455 

2,666,693 

1,312,642,381 

2,294,541 

1,023,734,322 

17,765,047 

116,120,634 

450,834 

64,967,578 

16,208,244 

9,762,281 



1,324,404 

3,262,489 

2,626,959 
88,843,964 

2,529,921 
41,969,236 

2,166,476 
18,663,736 

1,792,467 
54,963,546 
27,718,057 

2,406,330 

340,361,825 

303,556 

30,176,438 

18,222,016 
1,087,822 



EcoDcoilc class 



7,341 

3,140 

12,724 

68,675 

111,963 



127,955 

197,707 

75,201 

131,464 

84,486 

10,708 

66,658 

57,594 

90,232 

93,284 

71,353 

72,269 

37,061 

37,355 

13,709 

13,918 

119,191 

138,817 

181,454 

312,839 

180,123 

291,387 

15,575 

15,902 

4,815 

5,550 

170,602 

218,181 



198,331 
449,458 
196,838 
193,412 

29,571 
163,841 
101,027 
155,281 

37,934 
100,765 

15,210 
24,989 

26,733 
75,776 

203,701 

172,746 

146,603 

35,583,228 

118,339 

70,502,309 

88,174 

39,489 

22,756 

25,929 

13,439 

11,219 

3,545 

1,962 

188,165 

175,413,411 

188 ,024 

93,731,735 

145,698 

63,770,044 

1,122,032 

8,609,249 

34,455 

4,649,450 

1,276,735 

718,588 



84,539 
197,361 
196,239 

5,674,842 
191,958 

2,656,838 
175,502 

1,392,221 
145,893 

4,671,540 

2,356,832 

179,344 

30,487,315 

28,982 

1,608,646 

927,124 
49 ,-339 



36 

5' 

22 

1,514 

1,715 



2,954 
3,239 

1,967 

3,139 

2,407 

428 

1,955 

1,375 

2,515 

3,094 

1,738 

1,942 

1,758 

1,852 

1,304 

1,394 

3,046 

7,137 

3,234 

13,307 

3,223 

11,555 

519 

561 

814 

1,191 

3,202 

8,631 



3,228 

22,160 

3,072 

3,019 

380 

2,639 

1,430 

2,619 

2,552 

16,522 

2,158 
7,183 

1,253 
9,339 

3,269 

3,163 

2,293 

2,642,091 

3,069 

19,583,252 

299 

59 

69 

171 

212 

707 

704 

1,147 

3,090 

16,756,642 

3,201 

7,179,018 

2,842 
7,314,636 
119,012 
718,078 
914 
396,845 
97,893 
60,540 



1,541 

7,529 

3,141 
i448,486 

2,903 
170,642 

2,455 
52,750 

1,899 
210,934 
101,691 

2,088 

793,992 

703 

319,312 

135,821 
4,816 



394 

70 

201 

8,435 

19,478 



24,706 

28,237 

15,778 

24,852 

17,950 

3,813 

14,141 

16,258 

21,117 

22,178 

18,675 

19,036 

10,625 

10,722 

4,954 

5,023 

21,768 

27,757 

27,968 

67,578 

27,849 

62,283 

3,797 

3,849 

1,276 

1,446 

27,617 

41,134 



28,193 
81,036 
27,838 
27,332 
3,604 
23,728 
15,412 
25,274 
10,908 
28,430 

6,273 
9,202 

6,337 
19,228 

28,578 

26,103 

21,171 

7,914,488 

21,846 

23,236,275 

10,174 

3,061 

2,695 

4,418 

3,844 

5,158 

2,037 

633 

27,537 

53,303,402 

28,146 

23,835,272 

23,887 

19,454,386 

329,514 

2,525,978 

6,879 

1,335,268 

365,410 

196,311 



8,706 

24,688 

27,638 

1,330,377 

26,709 

594,659 

24,114 

309,771 

21,654 

1,392,662 

687,565 

23,656 

6,312,863 

5,668 

390,328 

221,996 
11,052 



1,049 

119 

662 

19,098 

35,542 



41,883 

55,580 

23,900 

40,638 

27,680 

4,052 

24,360 

23,818 

33,464 

34,054 

29,138 

29,343 

13,392 

13,444 

4,924 

4,964 

35,689 

40,570 

54,671 

100,391 

54,538 

94,247 

4,681 

4,749 

1,295 

1,395 

52,040 

65,887 



55,445 
126,825 
55,069 
54,317 
7,034 
47,283 
30,303 
47,519 
10,821 
24,989 

4,024 
5,252 

7,720 
19,737 

56,451 

49,112 

41,846 

11,225,262 

35,098 

15,373,941 

25,566 

10,111 

6,738 

8,717 

5,109 

3,682 

589 

152 

53,527 

55,817,868 

55,478 

31,308,145 

39,934 

17,812,470 

309,370 

2,579,354 

10,144 

1,374,430 

396,665 

212,354 



19,879 

48,145 

54,845 

1,790,260 

53,776 

835,393 

49,609 

450,005 

43,114 

1,707,392 

897,704 

49,718 

10,381,962 

9,195 

444,499 

283,150 

13,880 



1,686 
412 

2,192 
22,027 
32,698 



34,631 

58,537 

19,571 

35,089 

21,521 

1,807 

17,422 

12,589 

23,626 

24,288 

16,639 

16,774 

7,908 

7,959 

1,942 

1,952 

33,075 

36,020 

54,925 

80,963 

54,558 

76,153 

3,762 

3,857 

384 

953 

49,646 

59,121 



57,422 

120,411 
57,102 
56,107 

8,890 
47,217 
29,889 
45,581 

8,310 
18,723 

1,990 
2,377 

6,706 
16,346 

59,015 

50,402 

43,654 

8,900,347 

33,250 

8,368,175 

28,564 

12,663 

7,505 

8,396 

3,252 

1,274 

135 

25 

54,771 

32,986,241 

56,356 

21,512,040 

39,202 

11,990,445 

216,119 

1,759,612 

9,298 

949,991 

268,407 

155,923 



24,631 

54,950 

56,988 
1,337,595 

55,879 
660,438 

51,234 
354,287 

42,002 
953,932 
478,991 

52,669 

8,091,328 

8,193 

315,168 

196,080 I 
13,371 



2,424 
1,077 
5,470 
14,075 
18,519 



19,149 

38,697 

11,202 

21,505 

12,285 

5L2 

7,503 

3,219 

8,281 

8,404 

4,640 

4,651 

2,933 

2,926 

499 

499 

20,146 

21,549 

32,943 

41,651 

32,468 

33,862 

2,274 

2,319 

451 

470 

30,005 

34,600 



39,916 
75,866 
39,671 
38,792 

7,049 
31,743 
13,547 
26,919 

4,471 
10,155 

678 



3,909 
9,287 

41,547 

33,922 

29,149 

4,272,783 

20,114 

3,390,737 

18,793 

10,274 

4,776 

3,743 

889 

358 

69 

5 

36,835 

13,750,003 

35,507 

8,405,005 

29,455 

5,875,604 

119,959 

833,396 

5,773 

499,538 

123,031 

76,434 



20,622 

43,885 

39,616 
621,747 

38,931 
318,766 

35,508 
179,213 

27,512 
337,255 
156,766 

37,399 

3,941,443 

4,394 

125,917 

80,250 
5,359 



1,752 
1,457 
4,177 
3,526 
4,011 



4,632 

13,417 

2,783 

6,241 

2,643 

96 

1,277 

335 

1,229 

1,266 

523 

523 

445 

452 

86 

86 

5,467 

5,784 

7,713 

8,949 

7,437 

8,287 

542 

567 

95 

95 

8,092 

8,803 



14,127 
23,160 
14,086 
13,845 

2,614 
11,231 

5,446 

7,369 
872 

1,946 

87 
107 

808 
1,839 

14,841 

10,044 

8,490 

628,257 

4,962 

549,929 

4,778 

3,321 

973 

484 

133 

40 

11 

12,405 

2,799,255 

9,336 

1,492,255 

10,378 
1,322,503 
28,058 
192,831 
1,447 
93,378 
25,329 
17,026 



9,160 
13,164 
14,011 

146,377 
U,760 
76,940 
12,582 
46,195 
9,712 
69,365 
34,115 
13, 8U 

965,727 

829 

U,422 

9,827 
361 



Excludes fanns reporting expenditures for commercial fertilizer and lime. 



44 



SIZE OF OPERATION BY TYPE OF FARM 



Table l.-FARMS AND FARM CHARACTERISTICS FOR ALL GENERAL CROP AND LIVESTOCK FARMS, BY ECONOMIC CLASS: j 

CENSUS OF 1954-Continued 1 

[Data are based on reports for only a sample of farms. See text. Subpegion statistics combined all General Farms in Table 10 ] 



Item 
(For definitlcos end explanations, see tert) 



All 

ccxmiepclal 

faxnifi 



Econcnlc class 



Livestock and liveatock products sold: 

Cattle and calves sold alive farms reporting.. 

number . . 
dollars .. 

Hogs and pigs sold alive farms reporting.. 

number . . 
dollars . . 

Chickens sold farms reporting.. 

dollars . . 

Chicken eggs sold farms reporting.. 

dozens . . 
dollars . . 

Milk sold^ pounds . . 

dollars . . 

Sheep sold,.,,... farms reporting.. 

number . . 
dollars . . 

Famia reporting by total number of cattle on hand: 

Under 10 cattle .............farms reporting.. 

10 to 2<* cattle farms reporting.. 

25 to 49 cattle farms reporting.. 

50 to 99 cattle farms reporting.. 

IQO cattle and over fanos reporting.. 

Farms reporting by number of sows farrowing or to farrow: 

1 sow. .....farms reporting.. 

2 sows farms reporting.. 

3 sows farms reporting.. 

4 sows .farms reporting . . 

5 sows... farms reporting.. 

6 sows farms reporting . . 

7 sows fanas reporting.. 

8 sows farms reporting.. 

9 sows farms reporting.. 

10 sous and over *...,.. farms reporting.. 

Fanna reporting by number of cattle, excluding calves sold: 

Under 10 cattle farms reporting.. 

10 to 19 cattle farms reporting.. 

20 to 29 cattle faims reporting.. 

30 to 49 cattle farms reporting.. 

50 to 99 cattle farms reporting.. 

100 to 199 cattle farms reporting.. 

200 cattle and over farms reporting.. 

Farms reporting by number of hogs sold: 

Under 10 hogs farms reporting.. 

10 to 29 hogs farms reporting.. 

30 to 49 hogs farms reporting . . 

50 to 99 hogs farms reporting.. 

100 hogs and over..... farms reporting.. 

ESTIMATED VALUE OF FAKM PRODUCTS SaD (see text) 

All farm products sold dollars , . 

All crops sold dollars . . 

Field crops, other then vegetables and fruita 

and nuts , sold dollars . . 

Vegetables sold dollars . . 

Fruits and nuts sold dollars . . 

Horticultural specialties sold dollars.. 

All livestock and livestock products sold dollars.. 

Dairy products sold dollars . . 

Poultry and poultry products sold dollars . . 

Livestock and livestock products, other than 

dairy and poultry, sold dollars . . 

Forest products sold dollars . . 

SPECIFIED CROPS HARVESTED 

Com for all purposes farms reporting., 

acres.. 
Com harvested for grain farms reporting.. 

acres . . 

bushels harvested,. 

bushels sold.. 

Sorghum for all purposes except for sirup. ...... .farms reporting.. 

acres . , 

Sorghum harvested for grain or for seed,. bushels sold.. 

Wheat threshed or combined acres . . 

bushels harvested,, 
bushels sold , . 

Spring wheat threshed or combined acres . . 

bushels harvested,, 
bushels sold,, 

Oats threshed or combined acrea . , 

bushels harvested., 
bushels sold.. 

Barley threshed or combined farms reporting.. 

acres . . 

bushels harvested., 

bushels sold . , 

Rye threshed or combined bushels sold.. 

Buckwheat threshed or combined...., bushels sold., 

Flsxseed threshed or combined bushels sold,. 

Rice threshed or combined bushels sold., 

Soybeans harvested for beans bushels . , 

Soybeans cut for hay •.*•* tons.. 

Cowpeas harvested for peas bushels , , 

Cowpeas cut for hay tons , , 

Peanuts harvested for picking or threshing pounds.. 



2,163,490 

42,590,662 

4,219,053,073 

1,255,555 

56,641,238 

2,289,760,716 

921,435 

696,321,848 

1,391,630 

2,663,617,211 

922,141,662 

33,710,976,980 

3,330,025,237 

259,762 

22,425,250 

330,536,753 



(MA) 

(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 



(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 



(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 



(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 
(NA) 



24,293,622,950 
11,955,045,301 

9,735,818,610 
623,498,349 

1,186,348,705 
403,879,637 

12,223,361,628 

3,330,025,237 
3,907,376,647 

6,985,959,744 
120,216,021 



2,300,261 

74,377,194 

2,046,377 

63,394,112 

1,547,323,454 

992,119,020 



17, 
175, 

50, 
900, 
800, 

14, 
!66, 
140, 

37, 

1,301, 

344, 

12, 
352, 
235, 

10, 

31. 
142, 
322, 



329,899 
112,709 
980,777 
582,343 
761,498 
412,820 
304,189 
017,093 
147,001 
312,820 
894,795 
163,274 
308,436 
,440,079 
824,132 
606,108 
397,747 
970,191 
332,584 
,050,327 
324,503 
737,530 
979,625 
117,769 
977,545 



136,968 

2,373,107 

202,928,739 

131,225 

4,628,133 

180,234,916 

102,839 

16,863,427 

148,587 

231,823,889 

72,112,683 

5,937,665,000 

172,282,410 

25,520 

1,049,578 

15,718,412 



39,388 
76,761 
54,509 
19,523 
6,058 



12,052 

14,747 
9,629 

10,917 
7,395 
8,253 
4,750 
7,465 
3,645 

35,884 



106,435 

20,955 

6,555 

3,748 

1,697 

417 

190 



28,365 
46,831 
24,444 
23,397 
8,188 



1,272,771,840 
592,352,334 

554,109, 833 

22,680,536 

14,876,949 

1,132,916 

671,510,527 
172,282,410 
94,176,940 

405,051,177 
8,403,979 



171,052 

6,793,797 

156,047 

5,872,340 

238,574,083 

98,473,907 

27,554 

824,930 

3,100,870 

3,579,198 

62,696,093 

53,475,675 

1,198,999 

11,895,562 

9,378,571 

3,903,245 

129,222,763 

36,286,216 

32,298 

764, 503 

19,634,122 

8,751,880 

1,013,172 

89,469 

3,082,008 

450,410 

27,554,087 

63,251 

72,590 

4,364 

63,431,526 



3,129 

274,966 

35,350,252 

1,833 

268,799 

11,636,918 

1,373 

3,124,268 

1,494 

7,902,379 

2,733,060 

359,421,028 

14,116,556 

660 

257,885 

4,000,653 



161 
236 
586 
912 
,246 



67 
72 
42 
46 
28 
41 
38 
42 
25 
1,210 



628 
434 
315 
385 
672 
333 
130 



111 
190 
181 
304 
1,047 



156,375,915 
31,403,376 

69,991,118 

5,757,784 

5,142,738 

516,736 

73,673,294 
14,116,556 
7,583,334 

51,973,404 
1,289,245 



2,351 

280, 598 

2,059 

237,608 

12,856,696 

6,818,592 

415 

59,498 

977,434 

218,995 

4,750,807 

4,542,772 

38,168 

963,812 

887,555 

133,312 

5,722,800 

1,952,947 

951 

73,466 

2,886,696 

1,561,044 

66,346 

3,915 

178,809 

425,873 

2,167,178 

2,088 

6,554 

215 

8,940,977 



27,516 

6U,427 

59,273,744 

21,421 

1,546,846 

65,248, U7 

17,231 

4,669,345 

20,487 

58,839,230 

18,880,901 

1,872,792,150 

59,250,305 

5,072 

263,185 

4,032,535 



1,331 
5,723 
12,216 
5,846 
2,522 



503 
625 
516 
703 
708 
821 
563 
1,042 
644 
U,293 



12,629 
4,958 
2,913 
2,333 
394 



53,900 

701,095 

59,133,553 

42,045 

1,653,930 

65,276,429 

33,122 

4,626,312 

43,243 

84,792,047 

25,669,429 

2,066.697,288 

57,162,416 

8,148 

275,958 

4,191,501 



4,493 
21,003 
20,267 
7,515 
1,567 



1,745 
2,646 
2,287 
3,072 
2,303 
3,021 
2,088 
3,453 
1,805 
15,630 



30,742 

9,496 

2,693 

365 



74 



1,086 
2,999 
3,322 
8,304 
5,710 



403,765,812 
188,150,831 

176,784,419 

7,740,577 

3,433,260 

192,575 

213,900,068 
59,250,305 
24,662,594 

129,987,169 
1,7U,9U 



25,415 

1,750,674 

23,921 

1,566,730 

81,999,835 

39,952,815 

2,351 

136,863 

523,031 

736,386 

17,227,892 

15,459,374 

174,875 

2,467,430 

2,132,038 

955,204 

37,415,080 

11,146,043 

5,345 

148,727 

4,575,266 

2,032,762 

295,699 

18,906 

624, 836 

U,593 

10,928,585 

8,075 

12,058 

382 

12,450,448 



4,268 
12,205 
12,052 

12,310 
1,210 



404,605,336 
133,515,043 

175,583,450 
4,838,535 
2,830,398 

262,660 

219,1)7,011 
57,162,416 
31,526,897 

U0,427,698 

1,973,332 



49,394 

2,407,564 

45,478 

2,081,700 

86,240,918 

35,236,327 

6,415 

243,988 

753,156 

1,249,235 

21,930,382 

18,325,452 

449,656 

4,591,560 

3,621,345 

1,495,235 

49,814,394 

U,086,601 

10,825 

270,784 

6,601,062 

3,051,360 

356,754 

13,403 

1,297,369 

1,839 

9,761,599 

18,446 

20,670 

626 

15,044,476 



54,209 

498,966 

33,755,729 

38,010 

833,278 

29,086,951 

29,436 

2,988,365 

43,865 

54,357,462 

16,7U,316 

1,182,103.999 

30,260,107 

7,195 

174, 122 

2,458,248 



10, 171 
27,132 
15,042 
4,093 
550 



3,751 
5,304 
3,823 
4,398 
2,879 
3,079 
1,608 
2,323 
963 
5,019 



33,243 

5,040 

543 

131 

36 

8 



9,126 
13,878 
7,573 
2,219 
209 



217,702,156 
98,670,060 

94,124,203 

2,567,997 

1,853,660 

124,200 

117,220,836 
30,260,107 
20,400,035 

66,560,694 
1,811,260 



48,872 

1, 568, 524 

43,855 

1,312,882 

40,976,309 

12,784,995 

9,202 

229,162 

578,675 

967,821 

13,714,795 

10,990,044 

416,233 

3,073,828 

2,213,877 

978,663 

27,331,533 

7,141,105 

9,626 

197,462 

4,153,133 

1,656,537 

221,333 

19,090 

831,658 

5,850 

3,710,157 

20,527 

U,039 

1,119 

16,938,072 



36,112 

232,465 

13,122,473 

21,333 

277,050 

7,909,184 

16,868 

1,245,641 

29,245 

21,496,504 

6,841,765 

399,770,995 

10,165,588 

3,827 

71,651 

948,887 



15,005 
17,809 
5,649 
1,018 
135 



4,150 

4,664 

2,500 

2,317 

1,302 

1,125 

412 

539 

198 

672 



22,579 

992 

76 

29 

6 



9,641 

10,704 

1,221 

255 

12 



78,005,632 
35,610,753 

33,007,000 

1,386,273 

1,150,175 

67,300 

41,171,953 
10,165,538 
8,450,669 

22,555,696 
1,222,926 



33,177 
638,591 
29,772 
544,687 
13,814,336 
3,255,375 

6,790 

125,432 

225,854 

315,717 

4,509,557 

3,345,397 

110,541 

738,453 

493,742 

299,302 

7,909,591 

1,763,280 

4,845 

66,998 

1,299,650 

419,986 

62,020 

26,490 

140,616 

2,250 

387,743 

14,531 

15,459 

1,642 

3,405,433 



NA Not available. 



^Includes milk equivalent of cream and butterfat sold. 



SUMMARY FOR THE UNITED STATES 



45 



Table l.-FARMS AND FARM CHAR ACTERISTICS FOR ALL GENERAL CROP AND LIVESTOCK FARMS, BY ECONOMIC CLASS- 

t.hlNJ5U3 Ur ivb4 — Continued 

[Data are based on reports for only a sample of farms. See text. Subreglon statiatlca combined for all General Farms in Table 10 ] 



(For defLnltlons and explanationB, see text) 



SPECIFIED CROPS HARVESTED— Continued 

Peanut vines or tops saved for hay or forage harvested... 

Velvet beans harvested for beans bushels. . . 

Dryfield and seed beans harvested for beans 100 lbs. bags... 

Other dry field beans harvested for beans 100-lbs. bags.!. 

Dry field and seed peas harvested for peas pounds."!! 

Alfalfa seed harvested bushels 

Red clover seed harvested ! ! ! ! !bushels ! ! ! 

Lespedeza seed harvested ! ! ! .pounds ! * ! 

Cotton harvested farms reporting! ! ! 

acres. . . 

bales . . . 



Popcorn harvested. 



.pounds, . , 

Sugar beets harvested for sugar tons 

Broomcorn harvested ! ! !ton'of 'brush! ! '. 

Tobacco harvested pounds. . . 

Tobacco harvested (type not specified) pounds 

Bur ley tobacco harvested pounds 

Dark-fired tobacco harvested ! ! ! ! !pounds ! ! ' 

Dark air-cured tobacco harvested ! ! ! !pounds ! ! ! 

Flue cured tobacco harvested -. . ! !!!!pounds!!! 

Sugarcane or sughara harvested for airup gallons . . . . 

Irish potatoes harvested for home use or 
for sale 

Sweetpotatoes harvested for home use or 

/°^/^J« bushels... 

Vegetables harvested for sale farms reporting... 

dollars.. . 

Land in bearing and nonbearing fruit orchards, groves 

vineyards, and planted nut trees^ f arms 'reporting. . . 

1 acres. .. 

^VV^fs bushels harvested . . . 



.bushels. 



Peaches^ 

Alfalfa and alfalfa mixtures cut for hay 
(and for dehydrating) 



.bushels harvested... 



Clover, timothy, and mixtures of clover ard grasses 
cut for hay 



acres. . . 

tons . . . 
tons sold. .. 



Lespedeza cut for hay. 



Vetch or peas, alone or mixed with oats or other grains 
cut for hay 



. . . .acres. . . 

tons . , . 
tons sold. . . 
. . . .acres. . . 

tons . . . 
tons sold, , . 



Oats, wheat, barley, rye, or other small grains 
cut for hay 



. . ..acres.. 

tons . . 
tons sold . . 



Wild hay cut. 



, . . .acres. . . 

tons . . , 
tons sold... 
. . . .acres. . . 

tons. .. 
tons sold... 



Grass silage made from grasses, alfalfa, clover, 
or small grains a^^peg 

„.. ^ tons, green weight... 
Other hay cut acres... 

tons . . . 
tons sold. . . 

Nursery products sold dollars. . . 

Cut flowers, potted plants, florist greens, 
and bedding plants sold dollars. 

Vegetables groim under glass, flower seeds, vegetable seeds 
vegetable plants, bulbs, and mushrooms sold dollars... 



All 

cQcomerclal 

faxnis 



593,574 

66,226 

7,650,024 

8,122,146 

281,666,092 

2,012,961 

748,392 

40,093,099 

731,802 

17,963,656 

12,516,285 

156,266,472 

12,766,368 
15,730 

1,822,282,985 
427,597,922 
432,733,314 
46,103,715 
22,877,855 
861,260,424 

2,125,041 

330,340,999 

23,603,806 

228,909 

628,498,349 



288,709 

3,610,183 

107,019,140 

55,106,900 



25,352,943 
54,115,556 
9,475,922 

15,672,584 

22,367,533 

1,411,929 

2,813,741 

2,458,220 

135,283 

48,309 
85,368 
9,661 

4,163,669 
4,632,385 

295,045 
12,106,511 
9,328,205 

618,625 

1,158,671 
6,759,132 
4,643,189 
4,814,116 
360,480 

138,077,412 
208,777,391 
57,024,834 



Econcoilc class 



'Does not include data for farms with less than 20 trees 



57,405 

2,616 

986,958 

821,609 

3,429,805 

181,771 

118,637 

6,787,425 

26,842 

472,961 

209,835 

31,716,150 

1,184,710 
1,495 

76,933,563 
29,867,296 
31,754,634 
5,016,885 
4,631,668 
5,566,475 

77,792 

16,800,932 

780,254 

20^667 

22,680,586 



20,126 

114,000 

1,866,155 

927,197 



2,318,462 
4,811,914 
1,028,195 

1,133,997 

1,549,125 

213,599 

276,336 

252,691 

19,382 

5,078 
8,632 
1,725 

255 ,490 
279,848 
25,785 
1,021,279 
849,276 
106,088 

52,767 
275,344 
311,216 
314,875 

34,758 

287,680 



378,110 



517,126 



5,195 

319,570 
164,696 
890,140 

52,736 

4,548 

260,560 

455 

59,978 

58,821 

2,907,120 

441,327 
170 

3,309,845 
1,662,593 
1,121,824 

208,800 
47,098 

217,030 

300 

5,532,200 

49,527 

608 

5,757,784 



488 

23,156 

525,721 

394,393 



186,281 
565,467 
222,092 

34,250 
55,121 
8,538 
7,081 
7,732 
171 

200 

325 

10 

14,055 
20,372 

5,165 
19,374 
17,768 

6,499 

7,232 
41,764 
18,012 
22,277 

1,852 

90,050 



209,605 
217,081 



_1_ 



376,460 

359,4^4 

1,204,740 

48,676 

32,735 

1,545,795 

1,526 

69,027 

33,879 

16,702,605 

483,858 
408 

17,939,936 
10,248,541 
4,644,005 
1,163,810 
600,000 
1,239,475 

3,915 

5,773,382 

161,586 
3,519 

7,740,577 



2,516 

24,146 

628,890 

167,292 



601,269 

1,381,988 

283,821 

270,349 
423,726 
60,820 
24,890 
27,372 
3,628 

1,040 

2,140 

595 

32,316 
42,363 
5,433 
125,003 
109,318 
23,962 

23,419 
135,051 
52,123 
64,250 
9,220 

65,800 



54,700 
72,075 



13,272 

145 

214,763 

203,333 

1,181,425 

54,761 
44,260 

2,877,930 

3,668 

91,364 

35,845 

8,355,305 

206,726 
214 

21,457,575 
8,931,255 
8,012,355 
1,242,535 
1,303,590 
1,967,840 

10,783 

3,133,294 

167,033 

4,588 

4,838,535 



4,310 

22,150 

302,881 

181,415 



807,059 

1,626,064 

309,528 

384,962 
529,263 

77,930 
57,379 
53,870 
4,861 

1,303 

2,212 

300 

60,379 

68,118 

4,701 

368,847 

316,603 

37,649 

15,375 
67,775 
80,014 
85,760 
11,359 

65,860 



156,560 



17,558 

535 

61,855 

75,036 

153,500 

21,469 

28,609 

1,486,130 

8,216 

139,384 

46,113 

2,945,960 

44,649 

509 

20,993,742 
5,762,102 

10,402,180 
1,618,015 
1,659,495 
1,556,950 

22,914 

1,463,978 

174,756 

4,893 

2,567,997 



5,363 

19,329 

137,450 

120,501 



520,214 
915,343 
156,427 

270,561 
339,772 
40,785 
90,402 
83,716 
6,322 

1,240 

2,010 

195 

79,480 

82,689 

6,524 

375,071 

300,242 

28,031 

5,236 
23,614 
89,660 
83,152 

7,368 

42,250 



26,150 
55,800 



10,132 

650 

13,200 

18,415 



3,076 

7,639 

516,065 

9,147 

89,994 

29,142 

802,910 

7,025 
174 

11,573,640 

2,967,690 

6,531,785 

722,650 

380,905 

470,610 

28,720 

710,638 

157,552 

4,631 

1,336,273 



5,222 

17,914 
160,424 
46,317 



176,439 
283,535 
51,067 

143,921 
169,312 
22,540 
73,146 
58,423 
3,535 

1,195 

1,820 

625 

52,643 
51,593 
3,962 
112,204 
90,907 
8,317 

1,335 

6,395 

54,513 

45,338 

3,954 

19,375 



3,036 

1,220 

1,110 

635 



1,053 
846 
100,845 
3,830 
23,214 
6,035 
2,250 

625 

20 

1,653,825 
295,115 

1,042,485 
61,075 
140,530 
114,570 

11,160 

137,440 

69,300 

2,428 

339,415 



2,222 

7,305 
60,739 

16,779 



27,200 
39,512 
5,260 

29,954 
31,931 
2,986 
22,938 
16,578 
365 

100 
125 



16,117 
14,213 

20,230 
14,438 
1,630 

170 

245 

16,894 

13,598 

1,005 

4,345 



4,200 



or grapevlhes. See text. 



412358 O - 57 - 5 



46 SIZE OF OPERATION BY TYPE OF FARM 

Table 1 -FARMS AND FARM CHARACTERISTICS FOR ALL MISCELLANEOUS FARMS, BY ECONOMIC CLASS. 

CENSUS OF 1954 

LData are based on reports for only a sample of farms. See text. Subregion statistics combined for all General Farms In Table 10 ] 



(For definitions and explanations, see text) 



?aOE, ACREAGE, AND VALUE 

Faru number.. 

Percent distribution percent. . 

Lull io Imt acres.. 

Percent distribution percent. . 

Average size of farm acres.. 

Valne of lud ud buildings: 

Average per farm dollars.. 

Average per acre dollars . . 

Ljuid in faraa according to uae: 

Cropland harvested farms reporting.. 

acres . . 

Percent distribution percent. . 

Cropland used only for pasture farms reporting . . 

acres . . 

CroplHjid not harvested and not pastured farms reporting.. 

acres. . 

Woodland pastured farms reporting. . 

acres . . 

Woodland not pastured farms reporting. . 

acres. . 
Other pasture (not cropland 

and not woodland) farms reporting.. 

acres. . 

Ill?)roved (see text).v farms reporting.. 

acres. . 
Other land (house lots, roads, 

wasteland, etc.) farms reporting.. 

acres. . 

Cropland, total farms reporting. . 

acres. . 

land pastured, total farms reporting.. 

acres . . 

Woodland, total farms reporting. . 

acres. . 

Irrigated land in farms farms reporting.. 

acres. . 



RESIDENCE OF FARM OPERATOR 

Residing on farm operated operators reporting. . 

Not residing on farm operated operators reporting. . 

Operators not reporting residence number . . 

FARJC BY SIZE 

Under 10 acres number.. 

10 to 29 acres number.. 

30 to 49 acres number. . 

50 to 69 acres number.. 

70 to 99 acres number . . 

100 to 139 acres number.. 

liO to 179 acres number.. 

130 to 219 acres number.. 

220 to 259 acres number.. 

260 to 499 acres number . . 

500 to 999 acres number.. 

1,000 acres and over number.. 

FARM OPERATORS BY COLOR AND TENDHE 

Ml fara operacora: 

Owners, part owners, and managers number. . 

All tenants number . . 

Croppers number.. 

All white operatara: 

Owners, part owners, and managers number.. 

All tenants number . . 

Croppers number. . 

All nonwhite operatara: 

Owners, part owners, and managers number.. 

All tenants number. . 

Croppers number. . 

FARM OPERATORS BY AQE 

Under 25 years operators reporting . . 

25 to 34 years operators reporting.. 

35 to 44 years operators reporting., 

45 to 54 years operators reporting.. 

55 to 64 years operators reporting. . 

65 years and over operators reporting.. 

OFF-FARM WORK AND OTHER INCOME 

Fara operatara— 

With other income of family exceeding value of farm 

products sold operators reporting . 

Working off their farms, by days 

worked, total operators reporting . 

None operators reporting . 

1 to 99 days operators reporting. 

100 to 199 days operators reporting . 

200 days or more operators reporting . 



All 

conmercial 

farms 



J, 327,889 

XXX 

1,032,493,352 
XXX 

310.3 

25,437 
83.07 

3,148,874 
321,586,517 

XXX 

1,412,539 

57,506,468 

889,841 

52,491,969 

1,057,059 

94,424,817 

919,891 

55,836,567 

1,4^8,954 

415,276,760 

311,862 

16,094,374 

2,982,199 

35,370,254 

3,224,297 

431,534,954 

2,602,192 

567,208,045 

1,616,252 

150,261,384 

264,488 

29,033,584 



3,055,919 

202,894 

69,076 



145,400 
351,398 
271,523 
211,758 
368,902 
391,913 

403,032 
231,719 
190,412 
451,921 
182,550 
127,361 



2,368,210 
959,679 
241,882 



2,271,292 
719,195 
95,132 



96,918 
240,484 
146,750 



72,001 
459,699 

776,985 
809,004 
668,587 
477,841 



359,188 

1,113,085 

2,155,510 

679,443 

136,920 

296,722 



Economic class 



37,057 
100.0 

10,301,351 
100.1 
278.0 

28,033 
112.68 

29,075 

843,534 

100.0 

9,629 

477,117 

11,724 

389,090 

11,485 

2,989,731 

14,846 

3,865,399 

8,928 

1,360,990 

2,872 

232,374 

30,568 

375,490 

32,041 

1,709,741 

18,820 

4,827,838 

20,142 

6,855,130 

5,350 

U4,508 



32,215 

4,019 

823 



U,206 
4,677 
2,160 
1,802 
2,382 
2,773 

2,405 
1,527 
1,090 
3,471 
1,828 
1,736 



35,106 

1,951 

123 



33,972 

1,670 

93 



1,134 

281 

30 



241 
2,829 
6,962 
9,492 
9,089 
7,558 



8,728 

12,694 

23,508 

4,371 

1,884 

6,439 



4,4S1 
12.1 

2,675,606 
26.0 

597.1 

85,411 
171.24 

3,780 

271,700 

32.2 

574 

94,277 

1,252 

90,317 

566 

748,043 

979 

933,837 

637 

405,537 

266 

94,826 

3,494 

131,895 

3,976 

456,294 

1,164 

1,247,857 

1,274 

1,681,880 

1,529 

66,922 



3,300 
1,043 

138 



1,570 
867 
323 
206 
171 
218 

140 
55 
76 
317 
163 
375 



,272 

209 

6 



4,035 

184 

6 



237 
25 



16 

402 

1,082 

1,264 

919 

572 



336 

635 

3,71B 

191 

71 

373 



5,828 
15.7 

2,244,362 
21.6 
385.1 

40,345 
119.54 

4,559 

160,123 

19.0 

1,162 

83,239 

1,716 

63,035 

1,071 

737,216 

1,622 

835,695 

1,027 

303,076 

396 

41,009 

4,606 

61,778 

4,930 

306,397 

2,079 

1,123,531 

2,111 

1,573,111 

1,311 

24,673 



4,846 
676 

102 



2,480 
940 
325 
210 
155 
197 

205 
91 
70 
393 
265 
497 



5,402 
426 

12 



5,209 
371 
12 



193 
55 



39 

661 

1,231 

1,687 

1,338 

718 



656 

1,361 

4,260 

403 

162 

796 



5,533 
14.9 

1,529,876 

14.9 

276.5 

25,416 
102.25 

4,261 

113,175 

13.4 

1,367 

79,526 

1,596 

47,088 

1,543 

443,727 

1,941 

585,209 

1,161 

215,649 

502 

33,901 

4,361 

45,502 

4,587 

239,789 

2,535 

736,902 

2,625 

1,028,936 

903 

9,978 



4,827 
632 

74 



2,161 
550 
345 
140 
270 
270 

325 
145 
156 
475 
342 
354 



,197 
336 



5,109 

270 

10 



47 

482 

1,189 

1,646 

1,234 

607 



1,156 

1,915 

3,529 

681 

227 
1,007 



7,122 
19.2 

1,628,266 

15.6 

226.6 

17,038 
80.26 

5,661 

126,805 

15.0 

2,105 

93,897 

2,145 

61,562 

2,464 

470,471 

3,073 

601,156 

1,981 

221,397 

686 

37,454 

5,967 

52,978 

6,195 

262,264 

3,968 

765,765 

4,304 

1,071,627 

636 

7,336 



6,155 
665 
302 



2,005 
765 
320 
336 
425 
476 

470 
418 
265 
824 
486 
292 



6,747 

375 

30 



6,621 
325 
20 



126 

50 
10 



62 
480 
1,546 
1,856 
1,688 
1,309 



2,329 

3,159 

3,778 

681 

595 

1,683 



6,357 
22.6 

1,436,318 

14.0 

172.1 

13,624 
84.19 

6,509 

110,985 

13.2 

2,568 

63,797 

2,983 

80,300 

3,359 

397,192 

4,143 

581,453 

2,444 

132,716 

726 

20,266 

7,057 
51,675 

7,423 
275,082 

5,150 
613,705 

5,659 

978,645 

631 

4,134 



7,655 
575 

127 



1,900 
950 
486 
430 
681 
907 

675 
467 
316 
951 
437 
157 



7,965 
392 
45 



7,740 
337 
35 



225 
55 

10 



62 
622 
1,452 
2,066 
2,158 
1,864 



4,051 

4,615 

3,617 

1,206 

829 

2,580 



SUMMARY FOR THE UNITED STATES 



47 



Table 1-FARMS AND FARM CHARACTERISTICS FOR ALL MISCELLANEOUS FARMS, BY ECONOMIC CLASS: 

CENSUS OF 1954-Continued 

[Data are based on reports for only a sample of farms. See text. Subregions statistics combined for all General Farms in Table lO] 



(For deflnitlonB and explanations, see text) 



All 

connerclBl 

faimB 



Econcmic class 



FARMS BY CLASS OF WORK POWER 

No tractor, horses, or mules farms reporting,. 

No tractor and only 1 horse or mule farms reporting.. 

No tractor and 2 or more horses and/or mules. .. .farms reporting.. 

Tractor and horses and/or mules farms reporting. . 

Tractor and no horses or mules farms reporting. . 

SPECIFIED FACILITIES AND EODIPMEm' 

Telephone farms reporting.. 

Electricity farms reporting. . 

Television set farms reporting. . 

Piped running water farms reporting.. 

Home freezer farms reporting. . 

Electric pig brooder farms reporting. . 

Power feed grinder farms reporting. . 

Milking machine farms reporting.. 

Grain combines farms reporting. . 

number . . 
Corn pickers farms reporting.. 

number . . 
Pick-up hay balers farms reporting. . 

number. . 
Field forage harvesters farms reporting. . 

number . . 
^k}tor trucks farms reporting. . 

number . . 
Tractors farms reporting. . 

number . . 
Wheel tractors other than garden farms reporting.. 

number. . 
Garden tractors farms reporting. . 

number . . 
Crawler tractors farms reporting. . 

number . . 
Automobiles farms reporting. . 

number . . 
FARM LABOR 

Week of Sept. 26-Oct. 2 iDil/or Oct. 24-30: 

Family and/or hired workers farms reporting.. 

persons . . 

Family workers, including operator farms reporting.. 

Operators working 1 hour or more persons.. 

1 to li hours persons. . 

13 hours or more persons. . 

Unpaid members of operator's family farms reporting.. 

persons.. 

Hired workers farms reporting . . 

persons. . 
Regular workers (to be employed 

150 days or more).... farms reporting.. 

persons . . 
Seasonal workers ( to be employed 

less than 150 days) farms reporting. . 

persons . . 
SPECIFIED FARM EXPENDITURES 

Specified farm expenditures^ farms reporting.. 

Machine hire and/or hired labor farms reporting.. 

Machine hire farms reporting.. 

dollars.. 

Hired labor farms reporting. . 

dollars.. 

$1 to $499 farms reporting. . 

$1 to $99 farms reporting. . 

$100 to $199 farms reporting.. 

$200 to $499 farms reporting. . 

$500 to $999 farms reporting. . 

$1,000 to $2,499 farms reporting.. 

$2,500 to $4,999 farms reporting.. 

$3,000 and over farms reporting.. 

Feed for livestock and poultry farms reporting.. 

dollars.. 

Gasoline and other petroleum fuel and oil farms reporting.. 

dollars. . 
Commercial fertilizer and 

fertilizing material farms reporting.. 

dollars . . 

tons . . 

acres on which used,. 

Lime and liming material farms reporting. . 

dollars, . 

tons . . 

acres on which used,. 

LIVESTOCK AND LITOSTOCK PRODUCTS 
Livestock on haad; 

Horses and mules farms reportijig,. 

number. . 

All cattle and calves farms reporting. . 

number . . 

Cows, including heifers that have calved farms reporting.. 

number.. 

Milk cows farms reporting,, 

number, . 

All hogs and pigs farms reportijig,, 

number , , 

Bom before June 1 number, . 

Chickens 4 months old and over farms reporting , , 

number. . 

Sheep, total farms reporting . . 

number , , 
Number 1 year and over: 

^es number,. 

flams and wethers,...- number,. 



496,839 
135,364 
330,922 
858,118 
1,306,646 



1,745,367 

3,120,327 

1,204,223 

2,023,700 

1,189,542 

109,332 

668,851 

686,327 

896,010 

950,341 

662,654 

674,182 

426,979 

431,944 

193,503 

197,628 

1,773,239 

2,223,443 

2,398,698 

4,127,764 

2,340,870 

3,750,125 

223,851 

233,562 

115,662 

144,077 

2,479,206 

3,199,713 



3,129,241 
7,936,196 
3,084,012 
3,029,184 

496,571 
2,532,613 
1,421,260 
2,291,735 

697,337 
2,615,277 

323,208 
670,934 

438,384 
1,944,343 

3,308,888 

2,690,305 

2,073,306 

602,982,131 

1,944,892 

2,214,180,127 

1,285,814 

529,493 

330,778 

425,343 

236,747 

242,875 

99,170 

80,286 

2,551,473 

3,681,510,455 

2,666,693 

1,312,642,381 

2,294,541 

1,023,734,322 

17,765,047 

116,120,634 

450,834 

64,967,578 

16,208,244 

9,762,281 



1,324,404 

3,262,489 

2,626,959 
88,843,964 

2,529,921 
41,969,236 

2,166,476 
18,663,736 

1,792,467 
54,963,546 
27,718,037 

2,406,330 

340,361,825 

303,556 

30,176,438 

18,222,016 
1,087,822 



14,050 
2,310 
3,224 
6,772 

10,701 



24,367 

35,010 

17,134 

29,855 

11,932 

208 

2,077 

1,232 

1,634 

1,805 

536 

550 

1,401 

1,429 

336 

348 

23,221 

36,609 

21,966 

39,103 

16,668 

23,760 

9,324 

11,960 

2,857 

3,383 

26,841 

41,686 



33,035 
118,642 
31,600 
30,387 
5,443 
25,444 
11,914 
16,637 
13,871 
71.118 

9,811 
46,213 

7,033 
24,905 

36,236 

27,207 

12,870 

3,207,203 

23-,410 

131,709,963 

8,447 

3,126 

2,064 

3,257 

2,749 

3,837 

2,761 

5,616 

16,838 

12,463,266 

26,392 

13,399,881 

24,519 

8,999,129 

165,035 

612,680 

4,285 

546,492 

92,556 

84,247 



12,306 
54,137 
16,414 

420.783 
15,526 

217,505 
12,225 
42,981 
8,620 
93,890 
45,810 
14,344 

765,866 

1,430 

90,521 

63,672 
5,541 



1,576 

41 

36 

802 

2,006 



4,164 

4,395 

2,858 

4,302 

1,939 

18 

392 

113 

287 

397 

147 

161 

264 

281 

% 

106 

3,879 

10,961 

3,404 

10,288 

2,737 

6,264 

1,908 

3,110 

636 

914 

3,879 

11,145 



4,337 
50,826 
3,896 
3,849 
239 
3,610 
1,207 
1,818 
4,010 
45,159 

3,644 
33,862 

1,653 
11,297 

4,455 

4,320 

1,406 

1,051,183 

4,303 

98,090,085 

111 

19 

31 

61 

65 

241 

395 

3,491 

1,040 

3,120,579 

3,859 

6,277,527 

3,767 
4,270,325 
74,236 
218,200 
851 
234,960 
33,923 
33,689 



899 
11,770 

838 
102,098 

733 
53,562 

427 
3,693 

286 
16,077 
7,665 

506 
96,520 

133 
34,354 

25,615 
2,081 



2,482 

73 

130 

1,124 

2,019 



4,978 

5,636 

3,521 

3,431 

2,222 

54 

436 

297 

391 

425 

134 

134 

337 

338 

70 

71 

4,439 

6,883 

4,055 

7,939 

2,930 

4,644 

2,099 

2,647 

534 

668 

4,865 

7,880 



5,482 

20,681 

5,099 

5,026 

434 

4,592 

2,142 

3,126 

3,885 

12,529 

3,133 
7,448 

1,759 
5,081 

5,774 

5,293 

1,967 

575,653 

5,100 

19,975,067 

573 

117 

134 

322 

423 

1,117 

1,346 

1,641 

1,767 

2,417,456 

4,505 

2,847,923 

4,270 
1,694,928 
31,215 
118,427 
912 
90,043 
13,516 
14,044 



1,327 
8,452 
1,728 

86,587 
1,611 

45,267 

1,172 

6,430 

828 

16,430 

7,300 

1,286 

123,962 

207 

20,994 

14,892 
1,291 



2,352 
182 
230 

1,151 
1,598 



4,124 

5,364 

2,950 

4,932 

1,967 

43 

395 

275 

340 

357 

82 

82 

232 

234 

63 

63 

3,790 

4,990 

3,613 

5,719 

2,678 

3,329 

1,531 

1,783 

556 

605 

4,374 

5,864 



5,072 
13,152 
4,867 
4,768 
696 
4,072 
2,216 
3,122 
2,220 
5,262 

1,441 
2,580 

1,L26 
2,682 

5,465 

4,471 

2,050 

473,445 

4,046 

7,070,519 

1,288 

307 

291 

690 

657 

1,119 

7L2 

270 

2,295 

1,369,676 

4,368 

1,634,061 

3,940 
1,109,734 
20,301 
87,332 
662 
72,877 
12,371 
10,044 



1,583 
7,153 
2,163 

67,482 
2,039 

35,630 
1,543 
7,086 
1,159 

16,583 

8,228 

1,831 

104,833 

205 

12,231 

8,983 
732 



2,431 

375 

702 

1,411 

2,203 



4,587 

6,771 

3,168 

5,765 

2,260 

36 

440 

210 

307 

316 

106 

106 

266 

269 

72 

73 

4,436 

5,935 

4,493 

6,544 

3,424 

4,047 

1,636 

1,983 

473 

514 

5,217 

6,670 



6,329 
13,829 
6,143 
5,935 
1,L24 
4,811 
2,476 
3,334 
1,944 
4,540 

911 
1,390 

1,227 
3,150 

6,958 

5,074 

2,689 

354,603 

4,316 

4,208,100 

2,141 

633 

529 

957 

898 

916 

193 

166 

3,678 

1,624,995 

5,151 

1,264,874 

4,513 
915,362 
18,970 
87,463 
783 
74,437 
14.363 
13,737 



2,488 

10,734 
3,544 

74,985 
3,347 

37,526 
2,600 
8,678 
1,746 

17,924 

8,547 

3,023 

145,948 

331 

11,902 

7,996 
510 



3,022 

754 
1,040 
1,488 
2,053 



4,425 

7,816 

3,234 

6,158 

2,491 

37 

305 

270 

213 

213 

36 

36 

245 

250 

17 

17 

4,497 

5,451 

4,435 

6,127 

3,354 

3,754 

1,598 

1,803 

528 

570 

5,679 

6,909 



6,971 
12,531 
6,806 
5,606 
1,776 
4,830 
2,320 
3,387 
1,334 
2,538 

514 
725 

926 
1,813 

8,136 

5,361 

3,131 

410,966 

3,894 

1,869,788 

2,800 

1,119 

699 

982 

599 

367 

91 

37 

4,598 

1,334,235 

5,624 

989,878 

4,946 

710,610 

14,418 

68,478 

771 

58,693 

12,249 

9,645 



3,282 
9,797 
4,625 

61,694 
4,377 

31,286 
3,448 
9,612 
2,590 

16,993 
8.692 
4,223 
167,382 
361 
8,228 

4,331 
700 



2,187 
885 

1,046 
796 
822 



2,089 

5,028 

1,403 

3,267 

1,053 

20 

109 

67 

94 

95 

31 

31 

57 

57 

18 

18 

2,160 

2,369 

1,964 

2,466 

1,545 

1,722 

552 

632 

110 

112 

2,827 

3,218 



4,844 
7,623 
4,789 
4,703 
1,174 
3,529 
1,353 
1,830 
458 
1,090 

148 
208 

342 
882 

3,468 

2,688 

1,627 

139,353 

1,751 

496,404 

1,534 

909 

380 

245 

107 

77 

22 

11 

3,460 

598,325 

2,885 

385,618 

3,081 

298,170 

5,895 

32,760 

306 

15,480 

3,934 

3,088 



2,727 
6,231 
3,514 

27,937 
3,399 

14,234 
3,035 
7,482 
2,011 
9,883 
5,178 
3,475 
125,221 
193 
2,812 

1,355 
227 



Excludes farms reporting expenditures for commercial fertilizer and lime. 



48 



SIZE OF OPERATION BY TYPE OF FARM 



Table 1_FARMS AND FARM CHARACTERISTICS FOR ALL MISCELLANEOUSFARMS, BY ECONOMIC CLASS: 

CENSUS OF 1954-Continued 

[j)ata are based on reports for only a sample of farms. See text. Subregions statistics combined for all General Farms in Table lOJ 



(For definitions and explanations, see text) 



Livestock and livestoclt products sold: 

Cattle and calves sold alive farms reporting.., 

number. . . 
dollars. .. 

Hogs and pigs sold alive farms reporting... 

number. . . 
dollars . 

Chickens sold farms reporting... 

dollars.. . 

Chicken eggs sold farms reporting. . . 

dozens . . . 
dollars . . . 

Mild sold^ pounds . . . 

dollars... 

Sheep sold farms reporting. . . 

number. .. 
dollars . . . 

ESTIMATED VALUE OF FARM PRODUCTS SOLD (see text) 
All farm products sold dollars... 

All crops sold dollars . . . 

Field crops, other than vegetables and fruits 
and nuts, sold dollars... 

Vegetables sold dollars . . . 

Fruits and nuts sold dollars. . . 

Horticultural specialties sold dollars... 

All livestock and livestock products sold dollars... 

Dairy products sold dollars... 

Poultry and poultry products sold dollars... 

Livestock and livestock products, other than 
dairy and poultry, sold dollars... 

Forest products sold dollars . . . 

SPECIFIED CROPS HARVESTED 

Com for all purposes farms reporting. . . 

acres... 

Corn harvested for grain farms reporting... 

acres.. . 

bushels harvested... 

bushels sold... 

Sorghujn for all purposes except for sirup farms reporting... 

acres... 
Sorghum harvested for grain or seed bushels sold . , . 

Wheat threshed or combined acres... 

bushels harvested... 
bushels sold... 

Spring wheat threshed or combined acres... 

bushels harvested... 
bushels sold... 

Oats threshed or combined acres... 

bushels harvested... 
bushels sold . . . 

Barley threshed or combined farms reporting... 

acres. . . 

bushels harvested... 

bushels sold. . . 

Soybeans harvested for beans bushels . . . 

Soybeans cut for hay tons... 

Cotton harvested farms reporting... 

acres. . . 
bales harvested... 

Popcorn harvested pounds... 

Sugar beets harvested for sugar tons... 

Tobacco harvested pounds . . . 

Tobacco harvested {type not specified) pounds... 

Burley tobacco harvested pounds... 

Dark-fired tobacco harvested pounds. . , 

Dark air-cured tobacco harvested pounds.., 

Flue-cured tobacco harvested pounds . . . 

Binder tobacco harvested pounds.., 

Sugarcane or sorghum harvested for sirup gallons.., 

Irish potatoes harvested for home use or 
for sale bushels. ., 

Sueetpotatoes harvested for home use or 
for sale bushels . . , 

Vegetables harvested for sale farms reporting.., 

dollars.. , 

Land in bearing and nonbearing fruit orchards, groves, 

vineyards, and planted nut trees^ farms reporting... 

acres.. 

Apples^ bushels harvested . . , 

Peaches^ bushels harvested... 



All 

CGomerclal 

fauna 



1.2. 
4,219 

1, 

56; 

2,289. 

696 

1. 

2,663 

922 

93,710 

3,330. 

22 

330 



168,490 
590,662 
,053,073 
.255,555 
,641,238 
,760,716 
921,435 
321,848 
,391,630 
,617,211 
,141,662 
,976,980 
,025,237 
259,762 
,425,250 
,536,753 



Economic class 



?4,298,622,950 
11,955,045,301 

9,735,818,610 
628,498,349 

1,186,848,705 

403,879,637 

12,223,361,628 

3,330,025,237 

1,907,376,647 

6,985,959,744 

120,216,021 



2,300,261 
74,377,194 
2,046,377 
63,394,112 
2,547,823,454 
992,119,020 

329,899 

17,112,709 

175,980,777 

50,582,348 
900,761,498 
800,412,820 

14,304,189 
166,017,093 
140,147,001 

37,312,820 

1,301,894,795 

344,163,274 

308,436 

LJ, 440, 079 

352,824,132 

235,606,108 

322,324,503 
737,530 

731,802 
17,963,656 
12,516,285 

156,266,472 

12,766,368 

1,822,282,985 
427,597,922 
432,733,314 
46,103,715 
22,877,855 
861,260,424 
24,786,230 

2,125,041 



330,340,999 



23,603,806 



228,909 

628,498,349 



288,709 
3,610,183 



107,019,140 
55,106,900 



11,593 

147,916 

9,425,410 

3,807 

65,107 

1,771,459 

2,551 

284,102 

5,189 

3,262,310 

1,283,954 

78,270,800 

2,713,297 

1,104 

46,183 

613,706 



488,740,176 

402,768,462 

9,625,956 
4,156,749 
3,704,084 
385,281,673 
27,616,008 
2,713,297 
1,685,001 

23,217,710 



9,267 

150,491 

8,254 

123,633 

2,826,148 

786,341 

978 
16,458 

37,171 

23,209 
607,491 
453,249 

2,985 
62,663 
47,500 

54,359 

1,601,511 

428,936 

770 

13,394 

495,785 

259,366 

262,314 
5,326 

1,887 
18,007 
11,055 

260,525 

14,753 

3,741,875 

1,034,533 

1,014,509 

3,000 

13,225 
1,654,108 

22,500 

6,533 



211,461 

2,577 
4,156,749 



5,019 
37,152 



278,471 
155,797 



701 

40,596 

3,519,562 

197 

11,966 

389,955 

161 

51,942 

155 

1,030,706 

409,797 

15,436,072 

698,129 

39 

16,306 

242,004 



317,987,337 

289,467,740 

3,672,683 

2,780,976 

2,264,340 

230,749,741 

13,051,037 

698,129 

501,169 

11,851,739 

15,468,560 



535 
28,226 
467 
23,796 
592,642 
238,750 

42 
1,505 
8,312 

4,521 
148,649 
135,077 

427 
12,255 

11,749 

11,134 
372,702 
127,857 

93 

6,589 

292,128 

172,763 

149,585 
1,206 

129 
5,114 
4,274 

260,000 

12,378 

827,561 
233,586 

477,775 



116,200 



282 
2,780,976 



525 

13,774 



185,068 
78,109 



1,331 

31,354 

2,001,441 

446 

13,013 

409,667 

306 

91,723 

438 

734,984 

275,146 

20,458,632 

750,291 

147 

9,783 

140,097 



67,996,214 

2,231,049 

608,750 

378,416 

64,777,999 

5,277,805 
750,291 
404,594 

4,122,920 

14,829,331 



945 
29,132 
857 
23,531 
700,463 
277,736 

118 
2,655 
23,984 

6,221 
180,663 
145,205 

1,145 
26,321 
21,579 

13,754 
455,334 
122,079 

163 
2,729 
94,370 
55,622 

46,234 
1,038 

194 
3,553 
1,879 



884,236 

246,962 

93,244 



1,639 

23,740 

1,320,481 

654 

12,895 

342,619 

344 

49,271 

722 

403,290 

166,470 

17,422,856 

544,624 

234 

7,354 

84,562 



37,873,449 
24,543,377 

1,629,468 

342,238 

336, 592 

22,185,079 

3,020,623 
544,624 
229,703 

2,246,296 

10,309,449 



1,218 

25,324 

1,074 

19,713 

415,074 

113,760 



435 
608,750 



692 
7,316 



23,138 
22,049 



196 
4,632 



4,065 
98,578 
70,084 

589 

10,916 

7,861 

8,768 

241,281 

50,790 

103 

873 

27,892 

7,620 

36,245 

332 

313 
2,497 
1,634 

25 

1,875 

1,210,988 
383,075 
128,525 

2,000 
697,388 



1,283 



459 
342,238 



735 
3,338 



20,026 
26,696 



2,631 

24,211 

1,231,076 

841 

11,757 

238,900 

482 

31,088 

1,055 

501,053 

196,502 

12,987,387 

370,927 

255 

7,149 

86,402 



25,185,721 

12,893,762 

1,213,323 
257,375 
307,708 
11,115,351 
2,995,627 
370,927 
236,118 

2,388,532 

9,296,332 



1,805 
27,720 

1,595 

23,221 

490,502 

91,705 

201 
3,724 
1,225 

3,853 
85,031 
57,233 

417 
5,946 
3,036 

9,088 

253,455 

70,735 

195 

1,679 

50,215 

16,873 

21,810 
1,127 

504 
3,368 
1,906 



527,360 

102,530 

179,995 

3,000 

1,500 

217,785 

22,500 

940 



52,953 



11,414 



501 

257,375 



1,077 
5,779 



25,384 
10,344 



3,131 

21,266 

957,097 

1,075 

11,441 

260,833 

746 

45,451 

1,468 

381,424 

154,469 

10,063,987 

298,496 

249 

4,293 

46,004 



15,295,718 

6,423,349 

709,907 
124,330 
259,812 
5,329,300 
2,510,319 
298,496 
210,197 



2,001,626 
6,362,050 



2,563 
22,698 

2,236 

19,233 

386,467 

53,125 

262 
3,081 
3,650 

3,392 
72,570 
41,425 

342 
6,265 
3,275 

8,020 

197,674 
43,220 

120 

925 

21,649 

6,342 

5,170 

1,178 

482 
2,235 
1,032 



263,070 
52,100 
129,470 

6,000 
75,500 



63,299 



534 
124,330 



1,267 
4,810 



15,106 
16,039 



^Includes milk equivalent of cream and butterfat sold. 



^Does not include data for farms with less than 20 trees or grapevines. See text. 



SUMMARY FOR THE UNITED STATES 



49 



Table l.-FARMS AND FARM CHARACTERISTICS FOR ALL MISCELLANEOUS FARMS, BY ECONOMIC CLASS- 
CENSUS OF 1954-Conlinued 

[Data are based on reports for only a sample of farms. See text. Subregions statistics combined for all General Farms in Table 10] 



Item 
(For definitions and eiplanatlonB, see tert) 



All 

ccmmerclal 

fanns 



Economic class 



SPECIFIED CROPS HARVESTED— Conttnued 
Alfalfa and alfalfa mixtures cut for hay (and for 

dehydrating) acres. , 

tons . . 
tons sold.. 

Clover, timothy, and mixtures of clover and grasses 
cut for hay acres.. 

tons . . 
tons sold.. 

Lespedeza cut for hay acres.. 

tons . . 
tons sold . . 

Vetch or peas, alone or mixed with oats or other grains, 

out for hay acres.. 

tons., 
tons sold.. 

Oats, wheat, barley, rye, or other small grains 

cut for hay acres . . 

tons . . 
tons sold.. 

Wild hay cut acres. . 

tons. . 
tons sold . . 

Grass silage made from grasses, alfalfa, clover, 

or small grains acres.. 

tons, green weight.. 

Other hay cut acres . . 

tons., 
tons sold.. 

Nursery products sold dollars.. 

Cut flowers, potted plants, florist greens, and 
bedding plants sold dollars.. 

Vegetables grown under glass, flower seeds, vegetable seeds, 
vegetable plants, bulbs, and mushrooms sold dollars.. 



25,352,943 
54,115,556 
9,475,922 



15,672,584 
22,367,533 

1,411,929 

2,813,741 

2,458,220 

135,283 



48,309 

85,368 

9,661 



4,163,669 

4,632,385 

295,045 

12,106,511 

9,328,205 

618,625 



1,158,671 
6,759,132 

4,643,189 

4,814,116 

360,480 

138,077,412 



208,777,391 



42,618 
71,030 
14,027 



90,679 

115,393 

11,584 

33,578 

27,326 

967 



2,891 

4,149 

55 



32,889 
38,072 
2,437 

13,426 

12,763 

407 



2,676 
15,002 

52,969 
49,464 
2,050 

132,273,613 



204,238,782 
48,769,278 



7,893 
16,225 
6,385 



7,678 

11,949 

1,791 

3,172 

2,641 

481 



506 
804 



5,339 
8,183 
l,'i98 

3,178 
3,796 



978 
5,485 

13,641 

14,511 
443 

102,840,175 

144,398,469 

33,511,097 



8,077 

14,214 

3,531 



15,328 

21,641 

3,260 

7,083 

6,198 

287 



572 
880 
25 



7,094 

8,280 

417 

3,630 

3,506 

157 



855 
4,235 

8,866 

7,265 
257 

16,383,350 
39,329,529 
9,064,620 



7,192 
11,976 
1,396 



13,552 

17,632 

1,391 

4,983 

3,466 

30 



960 

1,085 

30 



4,130 

4,939 

57 

923 
1,255 



389 
2,925 

8,418 

8,098 

553 



9,345 

13,710 

1,709 



21,209 

25,921 

2,592 

7,208 

5,769 

89 



425 
710 



6,368 

6,594 

75 

1,783 
1,408 



225 
1,120 

9,472 

8,397 

642 

4,085,144 



6,412,111 
12,201,317 
3,571,651 1,674,310 



5,355,897 



6,836 

9,832 

746 



22,073 

26,680 

2,320 

6,963 

4,803 

40 



368 
590 



6,588 
7,140 



2,781 

1,981 

250 



167 
972 

7,112 

6,457 

60 



2,440,794 



3,275 

5,073 

260 



10,839 

11,570 

230 

4,169 

4,449 

40 



3,370 

2,936 

95 

1,131 
817 



62 
265 



5,460 
4,736 



512,776 



TABLES FOR SUBREGIONS 
CASH-GRAIN FARMS 

(51) 



52 



SI/E OF OPERATION BY TYPE OF FARM 



Table 2.-SUBREGI0N 15 .-FARMS AND FARM CHARACTERISTICS FOR CASH-GRAIN FARMS, BY ECONOMIC CLASS: 

CENSUS OF 1954 

[Data are based on reports for only a sajnple of farms. See text] 



(For definitions and explanations, see text) 



All 

commercial 
farms 



Economic class 



TtSOE, ACREAGE, AND VALUE 

Fmrut • • number . 

Percent distribution percent. 

Laod in farns acres. 

Percent distribution percent. 

Average size of farm acres. 

Value of land and baildiaga; 

Average per farm dollars. 

Average per acre dollars. 

Land in faraa according to nae: 

Cropland harvested farms reporting. 

acres. 

Percent distribution percent. 

Cropland used only for pasture.,... farms reporting. 

acres . 

Cropland not harvested and not pastured farms reporting. 

acres. 
Cropland used only for crops 

not harvested and not pastured J'arms reporting. 

acres. 

Cropland lying idl£ J"arms reporting . 

acres. 

Woodland pastured farms reporting. 

acres . 
Woodland not pastured farms reporting . 

acres. 
Other pasture (not cropland 
and not woodland) farms reporting. 

acres . 
IjnpToved (see text ) . , farms reporting . 

acres . 
Other land (house lots, roads, 
wasteland, etc . ) farms reporting . 

acres . 
Cropland, total farms reporting. 

acres, 
land pastured, total farms reporting. 

acres . 
Woodland, total farms reporting. 

acres . 
Irrigated land in farms farms reporting . 

acres . 

USE OF COJMERCIAL FERTIUZER 

Crops on vliicb coanercial fertilizer vas nsed, 1954; 

Hay and cropland pasture farms reporting . 

tons. 
acres on which used. 

Other pasture farms reporting. 

tons. 
acres on which used . 

QQm farms reporting. 

tons, 
acres on which used. 

Wheat^ farms reporting . 

tons, 
acres on which used . 

JVuits, vegetables, and potatoes farms reporting. 

tons . 
acres on which used . 

Otiier crops farms reporting . 

tons, 
acres on which used . 

RESIDENCE OF FAKM OPERATOR 

Residing on farm operated operators reporting. 

Not residing on farm operated operators reporting . 

Operators not reporting residence number . 

FARIE BY SIZE 

Under 10 acres number. 

10 to 29 acres number. 

30 to 49 acres number . 

50 to 69 acres number. 

70 to 99 acres number. 

100 to 139 acres number. 

lAO to 179 acres number. 

160 to 219 acres number . 

220 to 259 acres number. 

260 to •^99 acres number . 

500 to 999 acres number . 

1,000 acres and over number. 

FARM OPERATORS BY COLOR AND TENURE 

All fara operatora; 

Owners, part owners, and managers number. 

All tenants number . 

Croppers^ number. 

All vfaitc opcratara: 

Owners, part owners, and managers number. 

All tenants number. 

Croppers^ number. 

All aonwbite operatora: 

Owners, part owners, and managers number. 

All tenants number . 

Croppers^ number. 



23,516 

XXX 

3,683,803 

XXX 

156.7 

22,867 
156.84 

19, 536 
1,689,680 

XXX 

10, 596 

257,254 

6,043 

114,107 

2,218 
39,253 

4,442 
74.854 

3,238 

129,552 

15,565 

1,105,046 

4,756 

151,682 

1,691 

40,110 

22,083 

236,482 

21,063 

2,061,041 

14,303 

538,488 

16,955 

1,234,598 

933 

43,068 



5,234 

33,894 

148,968 

1,360 

6,731 

30,613 

14,899 

116,163 

519,587 

3,716 

19,452 
101,540 

7,210 
160,879 
253,542 
(NA) 
63,716 
312,583 



21,893 

1,298 

325 



2,750 
2,829 
2,077 
1,898 
2,568 
2,919 

2,198 
1.520 
1,110 
2,476 
868 
303 



20,433 

3,083 

216 



19,326 

2,897 

196 



1,107 
186 
20 



5,200 
100.0 

1,072,688 
100.0 
206.3 

20,662 
107.49 

5,200 
546,449 

100.0 

2,276 
41,873 

1,474 
33,696 

539 

11,739 

1,082 

21,957 

680 

30,544 

3,889 

330,621 

975 

24,969 

330 

4,625 

4,832 

64,536 

5,200 

622,018 

3,104 

97,386 

4,182 

361, 165 

28 

1,043 



933 

4,020 

21,052 

287 

717 

3,813 

4,513 

42,670 

190,164 

1,005 

6,700 

33,819 

1,182 

4,591 

10,787 

(NA) 

27, 599 

153,258 



4,593 
511 
96 



5 
210 
390 
430 
765 
865 

625 
435 
290 
821 
276 



4,345 
855 
77 



4,069 
815 



127 
2.4 

102,381 

9.5 
806.1 

79,219 
101.26 

127 

56,332 

10.3 

64 

3,U9 

22 

1,976 



641 

15 

1,335 

13 

1,260 

104 

32,315 

39 

1,290 

12 

260 

121 

6,059 

127 

61,457 

86 

5,699 

106 

33,575 

1 

186 



45 

350 

1,956 

5 

57 

255 

122 

5,168 

19,922 

73 

1,535 

6,660 

55 

958 

2,353 

(NA) 

3,701 

21,309 



102 
25 



104 
23 
5 



104 

23 

5 



609 
11.7 

280,872 

26.2 

461.2 

49,587 
110.40 

609 

150,936 

27.6 

362 

10,763 

177 

7,794 

64 

2,338 

127 

5,456 

108 

9,624 

452 

78,402 

139 

7,420 

37 

1.087 

568 

15,933 

609 

169,493 

452 

27,807 

492 

88,026 

12 

407 



198 

1,462 

7,498 

37 

176 
1,081 

583 

12,950 

53,510 

261 

2,450 

13,634 

141 

1,038 

2,049 

(NA) 

8,389 

48,633 



552 
47 

10 



15 
60 
80 
290 
U6 
38 



460 
149 



<40 

149 

6 



999 
19.2 

252,177 

23.5 

252.4 

26,255 

106.57 

999 

135,775 

24.8 

484 

11,612 

237 

5,867 

105 
2,998 

144 
2,869 

95 

5,774 

733 

78,089 

154 

4,328 

45 

780 

924 
10,232 

999 
153,254 

593 
22,214 

779 

83,863 

15 

450 



5,357 

40 

204 

742 

856 

10,385 

44,678 

266 

1,536 

7,445 

225 

955 

2,420 

(NA) 

6,929 

35,411 



276 

40 

5 



917 
72 
10 



10 
70 
155 

195 
145 
90 
245 
75 
14 



806 
193 



790 

183 

26 



1,246 
24.0 

218, 675 

20.4 
175.5 

17,558 
103.92 

1,246 

109, 987 

20.1 

584 

9,349 

346 

5,747 

Ul 
2,307 

240 
3,440 

188 

7,296 

946 

64,580 

257 
4,711 

141 
1,933 

1,176 

17,005 

1,246 

125,083 

825 

21,356 

1,031 

71,876 



193 

574 

2,888 

120 

170 

1,170 

1,145 

7,685 

38,164 

280 

918 

4,700 

311 

842 

1,950 

(NA) 

4,828 

29,094 



1,089 
131 
26 



15 

90 

215 

260 

235 
160 

65 
186 

15 
5 



996 
250 
30 



951 

245 

25 



1,527 
29,4 

165,610 

15.4 

108.5 

12,374 
119.18 

1,527 

74,018 

13.5 

556 

5,235 

492 

10,182 

171 
3,010 

386 
7,172 

176 

4,150 

1,142 

55,950 

276 

4,935 

65 

445 

1,407 
11,140 

1,527 

89,435 

807 

14,320 

1,212 
60,100 



241 

522 

2,673 

65 

90 

445 

1,241 

5,074 
26,005 

90 

213 

1,130 

320 

620 

1.635 

(NA) 

3,137 

20,120 



1.317 
185 
25 



75 
225 
230 
350 
320 

150 
60 
45 
60 
10 
2 



1,357 

170 

5 



1,262 

145 

5 



^Data relate only to that part of the subregion located in New Jersey, Delaware, and Maryland. 
and Virginia. 



^Data relate only to that part of the subregion located in Delaware, Maryland, 



CASH-GRAIN FARMS 53 

Table 2.-SUBREGI0M 15 .-FARMS AND FARM CHARACTERISTICS FOR CASH-GRAIN FARMS, BY ECONOMIC CLASS: 

CENSUS OF I954-Continu((l 

[Data are based on reports for only a saniple of farms. See text] 



Item 
(For definitions and explanations, see text) 



All 

commercial 

farms 



Economic class 



FAHM OPERAIOBS BY AGE 

Under 25 years operators reporting.. 

25 to 34 years operators reporting.. 

35 to 44 years operators reporting. . 

45 to 54 years operators reporting.. 

55 to 64 years operators reporting. . 

65 years and over operators reporting. . 

OFF-FARM WORK AND OTHER INCOME 

Fora operators — 

With other income of family exceeding value of farm 

products sold operators reporting. . 

Working off their farms, by days 

worked, total operators reporting . . 

None operators reporting. . 

1 to 99 days operators reporting. . 

100 to 199 days operators reporting. . 

200 days or more operators reporting. . 

FAHIE BY CLASS OF WORK POWER 

No tractor, horses, or mules farms reporting . . 

No tractor and only 1 horse or mule farms reporting.. 

No tractor and 2 or more horses and/or mules farms reporting.. 

Tractor and horses and/ or mules farms reporting . . 

Tractor and no horses or mules farms reporting. . 

SPECIFIED FACILITIES AND EQUIPMENT 

Telephone farms reporting. . 

Electricity farms reporting. . 

Television set farms reporting.. 

Piped running water farms reporting. . 

Home f reeaer farms reporting . . 

Electric pig brooder farms reporting. . 

Power feed grinder farms reporting. . 

Milking machine farms reporting . . 

Grain combines farms reporting . . 

number . . 
Com pickers farms reporting . . 

number . . 
Pick-up hay balers farms reporting. . 

number . . 
Field forage harvesters farms reporting . . 

number . . 
Motortrucks farms reporting . . 

number . . 
Tractors farms reporting. . 

number . . 
Wheel tractors other than garden farms reporting . . 

number . . 
Garden tractors farms reporting. . 

number . . 
Crawler tractors farms reporting. . 

number . . 
Automobiles farms reporting . . 

number . . 

FARM LABOR 

Week of Sept. 26-Oct. 2 aod/or Oct. 24-30: 

Family and/ or hired workers farms reporting . . 

persons . . 

Family workers, including operator farms reporting.. 

Operators working 1 hour or more persons . . 

1 to 14 hours persons . . 

15 hours or more persons . . 

Unpaid members of operator's family farms reporting.. 

persons . . 

Hired workers farms reporting. . 

persons . . 
Regular workers (to be employed 

150 days or more) farms reporting.. 

persons . . 
Seasonal workers (to be employed 

less than 150 days) farms reporting.. 

persons . . 

SPECIFIED FARM EXPENDITURES 

Specified farm expenditures^ farms reporting.. 

Machine hire and/or hired labor farms reporting.. 

Machine hire farms reporting . . 

dollars. . 

Hired labor farms reporting . . 

dollars . . 

$1 to $499 farms reporting.. 

$500 to $999 farms reporting. . 

$1,000 to $2,499 farms reporting.. 

$2,500 to $4,999 farms reporting.. 

$5,000 and over farms reporting. . 

Feed for livestock and poultry farms reporting. . 

dollars . . 

Gasoline and other petroleum fuel and oil farms reporting.. 

dollars. . 
Commercial fertilizer and 

fertilizing material farms reporting.. 

dollars . . 

tons. . 

acres on which used.. 

Lime and liming material farms reporting. . 

dollars . . 

tons. . 

acres on which used.. 



385 
2,635 
4,907 
5,720 
5,270 
4,253 



3,762 

7,301 
15,693 
3,117 
1,033 
3,151 



4,892 
672 
651 

5,081 
11,220 



17,473 
22,649 
14,818 
19,895 
10,884 
319 
2,657 
3,981 

6,692 

6,991 

5,997 

6,182 

2,969 

2,988 

1,225 

1,269 

15,826 

22,86^ 

18,048 

35,635 

17,269 

31,651 

3,121 

3,305 

489 

679 

18,908 

26,340 



22,275 
67,365 
21,519 
21, 188 

2,369 
18, 819 

9,099 
12,805 

9,728 
33,372 

5,623 
14,192 

5,708 
19,180 



23,513 
18,759 
12,701 
3,456,495 
15,627 
36,413,397 
5,819 
2,240 
3,404 
1,662 
1,502 

18, 509 

114,701,018 

19,785 

12,258,440 

18,182 

19,406,428 

403,106 

1,36-4,004 

7,641 

1,788,446 

202,656 

234,771 



122 
787 
1,189 
1,133 
955 
910 



1,020 

1,984 

3,095 

869 

246 

869 



422 

75 

85 

1,535 

3,083 



3,392 

4,904 

2,883 

4,020 

2,397 

43 

709 

355 

2,602 

2,721 

2,134 

2,208 

683 

689 

115 

116 

3,629 

4,826 

4,638 

8,571 

4,613 

7,951 

474 

488 

100 

132 

4,236 

5,420 



4,751 
10,083 
4,639 
4,572 
580 
3,992 
1,560 
2,169 
1,731 
3,342 

817 
1,249 

1,130 
2,093 



5,200 

4,295 

3,046 

842,864 

3,320 

2,937,554 

2,042 

431 

507 

245 

95 

3,044 
2,3»;,237 

4,710 
2,584,74.4 

4,820 

4,271,34^ 

86,551 

417, 506 

2,020 

494,692 

57,738 

67,835 



121 
122 
108 
122 
100 
10 
29 
34 

120 

160 

105 

123 

46 

46 

23 

24 

121 

290 

122 

517 

117 

483 



19 

26 

122 

221 



121 

547 
118 
118 
9 
109 
48 
61 
120 
368 

112 
275 



152 
167 
150 



127 

121 

76 

67,609 

121 

622,865 



19 
50 
52 

93 

402,627 

120 

260, U2 

122 
591, 541 
11,853 
52,800 
92 
90,042 
10,315 
10,312 



135 

458 

115 

3 

17 



203 
389 



486 
603 
453 
554 
439 
8 
177 
136 

503 

550 

510 

541 

241 

241 

26 

26 

566 

954 

592 

1,685 

592 

1,532 

99 

103 

30 

50 

562 

861 



582 
1,678 
564 
562 
35 
527 
184 
274 
406 
842 

319 
450 

190 
382 



609 

558 

320 

156, 533 

523 

1,018,700 

128 

53 

190 

125 

27 

461 
719,622 

592 
645,469 

594 

1,326,981 

26,531 

124,756 

334 

121,406 

U,710 

U,670 



41 
186 
270 
218 
117 
161 



386 
588 
210 
46 

130 



60 
5 

10 
286 
633 



764 
974 
560 
896 
578 
5 
170 
110 

727 

749 

545 

550 

169 

169 

15 

15 

809 

1,097 

929 

1,946 

924 

1,845 

96 

96 

5 

5 

853 

1,100 



944 
2,312 
908 
903 
111 
792 
375 
512 
474 
897 

222 

301 

284 
596 



999 

878 

541 

194,107 

813 

527,199 

435 

152 

173 

43 

10 

651 
567,360 

939 
643,935 

939 

1,015,752 

21,048 

96,468 

451 

119,535 

13,261 

17,747 



35 
146 
306 
251 
252 
231 



488 
713 
206 



60 

10 

5 

373 

798 



784 

1,191 

655 

966 

539 

5 

182 

50 

706 

711 

578 

593 

146 

151 

21 

21 

935 

1,152 

1,176 

2,004 

1,171 

1,837 

126 

U6 

25 

31 

1,050 

1,277 



1,191 

2,441 

1,171 

1,146 

130 

1,016 

407 

551 

420 

744 

114 
158 

341 
586 



1,246 

1,001 

688 

183,847 

846 

464,045 

553 

175 

85 

27 

6 

704 

394,938 

1,200 

579,623 

1,186 
756,615 
U,936 
78,443 
541 
95,622 
11,540 
12,701 



25 
265 
311 
341 
325 
215 



795 
705 
170 
115 
511 



190 

15 

25 

456 

831 



921 

1,417 

796 

1,116 

561 

10 

121 

20 

471 

476 

330 

335 

65 

55 

15 

15 

872 

977 

1,307 

1,825 

1,297 

1,680 

125 

125 

20 

20 

1,202 

1,463 



1,316 

2,237 

1,286 

1,266 

210 

1,056 

381 

551 

260 

420 



225 
380 



1,527 

1,211 

951 

194,948 

796 

172,845 

720 

41 

35 



740 

221,880 

1,352 

354,750 

1,367 

463,025 

9,685 

51,853 

495 

59,405 

7,005 

11,140 



^Excludes faims reporting expenditures for commercial fertilizer and lime. 



54 



SIZE OF OPERATION BY TYPE OF FARM 



Table 2.-SUBREGI0N 15 .-FARMS AND FARM CHARACTERISTICS FOR CASH-GRAIN FARMS. BY ECONOMIC CLASS: 

CENSUS OF 1%4-Continued 

[Data are based on reports for only a sample of forms. See text] 



Item 
(For definitions and explanations, see text) 



All 

commercial 

farms 



ESTHIATH) VALUE OF FABM PRQDDCTS SOU) (see text) 

All fans products sold dollars... 293,499,608 

All crops sold dollars... 112,062,613 

Field crops, other than vegetables 

and fruits and nuts, sold dollars... 60,148,035 

Vegetables sold dollars. . . 35,688^633 

Fruits and nuts sold dollars ... 5 774 317 

Horticultural specialties sold dollars... 10 451 628 

All livestock and livestock products sold dollars... 179 731 458 

Dairy products sold dollars. . . 32 069 574 

Poultry and poultry products sold dollars... 131 010 855 

Livestock and livestock products, other 

than dairy and poultry, sold dollars... 16 651 029 

Forest products sbld dollars... 1*705*537 

LIVESTOCK AND LIVESTOCK PRODUCTS 
Livestock oa hand: 

Horses and mules farms reporting... 7 404 

number... 13,603 

All cattle and calves farms reporting... 12 829 

number... 300,088 
Cows, including heifers that 

have calved farms reporting... 12 220 

number... 169,382 

Mlk cows farms reporting... 10 626 

number... 128,235 

All hogs and pigs farms reporting. . . 10,874 

number... 213,418 

Bom before June 1 number... 85,176 

Chickens 4 months old and over. .. .farms reporting... 15 311 

number... 10,468,919 

Sheep, total farms reporting... 1,126 

number... 33,312 

Number 1 year and over: 

Eves number... 23,918 

Rams and wethers number. . . 1,416 

Livestock and livestock products sold: 

Cattle and calves sold alive farms reporting... 10,115 

number... 138,511 

dollars... 8,524,075 

Hogs and pigs sold alive farms reporting... 6,602 

number... 221,192 

dollars... 7,576,864 

Chickens sold farms reporting... 10,713 

dollars... 83,398,132 

Chicken eggs sold farms reporting . . . 9,498 

dozens... 111,311,021 

dollars... 41,758,381 

Milk sold' pounds . . . 724, 994,474 

dollars... 32,069,574 

Sheep sold farms reporting. . . 877 

number... 20,803 

dollars... 336,480 

SPECIFIED CHOPS HARVESTED 

Com for all purposes farms reporting... 16,829 

acres... 569,796 

Com harvested for grain farms reporting — 16,393 

acres... 520,344 

bushels harvested.. . 20,295,910 

bushels sold... 11,889,767 

Wheat threshed or combined farms reporting 6,919 

acres... 153,726 

buhhels harvested .. . 3,835,777 

bushels sold... 3,401,185 

Oats threshed or combined farms reporting — 4,794 

acres... 57,708 

bushels harvested... 2,331,865 

bushels sold .. . 589,169 

Barley threshed or combined farms reporting... 4,254 

acres... 63,678 

bushels harvested.. . 2,030,493 

bushels sold... 780,872 

Rye threshed or combined farms reporting ... 3, 075 

acres... 38,234 

bushels harvested... 706,228 

bushels sold... 453,612 

Soybeans harvested for all purposes. .farms reporting... 10,942 

acres grown alone... 376,062 

acres grown with other crops . . . 431 

Soybeans harvested for beans farms reporting... 9,606 

acres grown alone... 346,173 

acres grown with other crops... 135 

bushels harvested... 5,791,664 

Soybeans cut for hay farms reporting... 2,056 

acres grown alone... 16,807 

acres grown with other crops... 26 

tons harvested... | 19,635 

'includes milk equivalent of cream and butterfat sold. 



Economic class 



28,688,249 
23,936,464 

22,526,837 

1,379,983 

29,644 

4,584,960 
1,424,899 
1,055,289 

2,104,772 
166,825 



1,695 

2,806 

3,004 

41,886 

2,822 
22,268 

2,318 
12,534 

2,783 
43,352 
17,907 

3,045 
255,519 

248 
6,488 



4,803 
321 



2,163 

16,684 

1,007,586 

1,599 

35,777 

1,019,547 

1,034 
572,963 

1,418 
998,366 
432,161 

38,944,207 
1,424,899 

197 
3,771 
54,952 



4,903 
208,156 

4,897 

204,605 

8,005,225 

6,081,465 

2,406 

62,728 

1,585,151 

1,459,758 

1,331 

U,370 

599,974 

321,199 

1,223 
21,189 
616,174 
399,927 

956 

12,629 

235, 869 

165,774 

4,324 

209,192 

65 

4,201 

200,874 

10 

3,367,916 

442 
4,494 



4,442,164 
3,737,155 

3,381,950 

340,016 

15,189 

676,647 
287,176 
176,118 

213,353 
28,362 



36 

75 

93 

4,241 

76 
2,364 

53 
1,240 

72 
2,822 
1,432 

47 
4,135 

12 

6U 



71 

1,675 

116,448 

56 

2,951 

89,005 

25 

171,747 

25 
8,276 
3,416 

6,587,985 
287,176 

11 

382 

6,210 



122 
19,972 

122 

19,671 

1,154,281 

1,0U,751 

94 

8,217 

232,749 

222,257 

41 

1,172 

55,757 

32,597 

73 

3,389 

101,731 

76,404 

45 

1,361 

37,820 

32,469 

111 
20,478 



111 
20,163 



5 
255 



9,033,159 
7,289,441 

6,940,242 

343,437 

5,762 

1,689,863 
644,678 
262,337 

782,848 
58,855 



203 

386 

455 

12,124 

435 

6,261 

360 

3,704 

323 

10,874 

4,267 

325 

36,784 



49 
1,716 



1,289 
101 



370 

4,765 

338,108 

233 

U,990 

421, 199 

175 
159,253 

183 
194,015 
100,665 

19,537,851 
644,678 

54 

1,168 

16,447 



607 
57,510 

606 

56, 163 

2,373,689 

1,913,254 

399 

20,435 

522,209 

491,324 

184 

3,458 

154,762 

91,392 

296 

7,296 

214,953 

128, 563 

152 

3,087 

59,457 

42,855 

516 
55,861 



511 
54,371 



1,003,002 

40 
664 



7,112,733 
5,838,634 

5,530,726 

305,615 

2,293 

1,225,271 
328, 130 
391,326 

505,815 
48,828 



301 

513 

600 

U,343 

565 
5,835 

464 
3,059 

568 
9,972 
4,231 

591 
71,125 

75 
1,625 



1,325 
90 



4% 

4,851 

263,100 

316 
7,122 



243 
164,215 

313 
431,440 
189,385 

1,554,253 
328,130 



1,235 
17,625 



922 
50,235 

922 

49,403 

1,883,695 

1,366,810 

587 

16,052 

413,166 

330,662 

367 

4,437 

202,805 

115,110 

324 

4,689 

142,530 

108,700 

200 

2,920 

48,276 

31,380 

893 

54,699 

10 

881 

52,718 

10 

893,758 

73 
718 



4,802,661 
4,127,089 

3,889,932 

235,420 

1,737 

655,212 
U7,315 
140,518 

396,879 
20,360 



388 

691 

809 

8,584 

774 
4,900 

614 
2,604 

684 
9,525 
3,303 

772 
65,845 



37 
2,049 



1,479 
86 



614 

3,596 

199,705 

413 

7,259 

178,110 

256 
51,098 

377 

222,465 

85,345 

3,302,416 
117,815 

62 

376 

13,230 



1,215 
42,024 

1,210 

41,268 

1,462,225 

1,034,845 

635 

11,321 

268, 137 

240,490 

372 

3,133 

U6,295 

52,205 

275 

3,950 

107,425 

54,980 

263 

2,386 

54,071 

37,330 

1,066 
40,800 



1,056 
39,641 



82 
629 



2,746,139 
2,470,504 

2,336,245 

129,865 

4,394 

266,590 
45,575 
61,220 

159,795 
9,045 



506 

751 

721 

4,365 

666 
2,238 

561 
1,386 

731 
7,124 
3,239 

825 
50,545 

20 
210 



130 
20 



431 

1,391 

67,785 

426 

5,000 

89,915 

265 
23,435 

310 
93,565 
34,440 

370,686 
45,575 

15 

60 

690 



1,406 
29,450 

1,406 

29, 155 
390,525 
613,560 

461 

5,433 

121,475 

104,175 

3U 

1,930 

63,835 

27,760 

215 

1,570 

42,725 

28,580 

220 

1,830 

28,760 

17,655 

1,291 
30,485 



1,241 
28,550 



166 
1,U5 



CASH-GRAIN FARMS 



55 



Table 2.-SUBREGI0N 15 .-FARMS AND FARM CHARACTERISTICS FOR CASH-GRAIN FARMS, BY ECONOMIC CLASS: 

CENSUS OF 1954-Conlinued 

[Chta uc baaed an reporta for only a aaiqile of fame. Se« text] 



(For definitions and explanatlona, eee text) 



All 

ct^merclal 

fauna 



Econcnic class 



SPECIFIED CROPS HARVESTED— Continued 

Vegetables harvested for sale farms reporting... 

dollars . . . 

Land in bearing and nonbearing fruit orchards, groves, 

vineyards, and planted nut trees^ fauna reporting . . . 

acres . . . 

Alfalfa and alfalfa mixtiires cut for hay (and 

for dehydrating) acres . . . 

tons.. . 
tons sold . . . 

Clover, timothy, and mixtures of clover and grasses 

cut for hay acres . . . 

tons . . . 
tons sold . . . 

lespedeza cut for hay^ acres. . . 

tons.-., 
tons sold . . . 

Oats, wheat, barley, rye, or other small grains 

cut for hay acres.. . 

tons. . . 
tons sold . . . 

Grass silage made from grasses, alfalfa, clover, 

or small grains acres .. . 

tons, green weight .. . 

Other hay cut acres... 

tons . . . 
tons sold . . . 

Nursery products sold dollars . . . 

Cut flowers, potted plants, florist greens, and bedding 
plants sold dollars. . . 

Vegetables grown under glass, flower seeds, vegetable seeds, 
vegetable plants, bulbs, and mushrooms sold dollars . . . 

Farms reporting by acres of com harvested for all purposes: 

Under 11 acres farms reporting... 

11 to 24 acres farms reporting. . . 

25 to 49 acres farms reporting . . . 

50 to 74 acres farms reporting . . . 

75 to 99 acres farms reporting . . . 

100 acres and over farms reporting . . . 

Farms reporting by acres of wheat 
threshed or combined : 

Under 10 acres farms reporting . . . 

10 to 24 acres f amis reporting . . . 

25 to 49 acres farms reporting... 

50 to 99 acres farms reporting . . . 

100 to 199 acres farms reporting... 

200 to 299 acres farms reporting... 

300 to 499 acres farms reporting.. . 

500 to 999 acres farms reporting. . . 

1,000 acres and over farms reporting... 

Farms reporting by acres of soybeans (grown 
alone) harvested for all purposes: 

Under 25 acres farms reporting... 

25 to 49 aeres farms reporting. . . 

50 to 99 acres farms reporting . . . 

100 acres and over farms reporting . . . 



7,892 
35,688,633 



916 
7,480 



39,341 
89,772 
7,718 



94,014 

121,027 

8,074 

71, 919 
83, 903 
4,602 



9,913 

12,228 

445 



12,457 
62,271 

20,283 

23,049 
8,430 



4,391 
4,679 
4,354 

1,636 
838 

931 



2,086 
2,737 
1,471 

494 

118 

13 



6,202 
2,458 



1,500 
782 



1,429 
1,379,983 



138 
328 



3,309 
6,831 
2,180 



15, 908 
19,553 
2,931 

19,563 
24,779 
2,165 



1,292 

1,627 

165 



285 
1,615 

2,253 

2,152 

235 



690 
1,381 
1,485 

573 
373 

401 



517 

1,052 

553 

196 
86 
2 



1,718 
1,163 

913 
530 



61 
340,016 



602 
1,751 
1,290 



1,645 

1,578 

345 

1,283 

2,090 
520 



53 
121 

50 



125 
795 

180 
180 
60 



196 
343,437 



524 

1,068 

125 



5,665 
7,740 



3,897 

5,282 

690 



187 
270 
100 



105 
745 

597 
867 
50 



25 

21 
67 

117 
175 
202 



6 
66 
185 

97 
44 



50 
31 

153 
282 



306 
305,615 



1,045 

2,175 

445 



2,846 

3,856 

lAO 



1,154 

;,359 

460 



264 

489 

15 



311 
320 



20 

75 

359 

262 

127 
79 



51 

254 
213 

64 
5 



145 
222 

394 
132 



336 
235,420 



731 

1,081 

160 



3,367 

3,532 

800 

4,584 

5,228 

205 



428 

462 



30 
25 

915 
565 
75 



315 
612 

146 
41 
21 



150 
422 
108 



356 
411 

276 
23 



390 
129,865 



35 

130 



275 
510 
160 



1,855 

2,010 

340 

2,790 

3,010 

275 



130 
100 



10 
25 

195 

200 

50 



295 
685 
366 

45 
10 



180 
260 
21 



810 
401 

75 
5 



140 
25,630 



20 
20 



132 
246 



530 
837 



855 

800 
15 



230 
185 



15 
25 



55 

20 



270 
280 
76 



130 
50 



356 
81 



^Does not include data for farms with less than 20 trees or grapevines. See text. 



^Data relate only to that part of the subregion located in Delaware, Maryland, and Virginia. 



56 



SIZE OF OPERATION BY TYPE OF FARM 



Table 2.-SUBREGI0N 28 .-FARMS AND FARM CHARACTERISTICS FOR CASH-GRAIN FARMS, BY ECONOMIC CLASS: 

CENSUS OF 1954 

[Data are based on reports for only a sajnple of farms. See text] 



Item 
(For definitions and explanations, see text) 



All 

commercial 

farms 



Economic class 



TABUS, HCBEtCE, JUJD VALDl 

Faras nujnber. 

Percent distribution percent . 

Laod in f ariis acres . 

Percent distribution percent. 

Average size of farm acres. 

Value of land and buildiaga; 

Average per farm dollars . 

Average per acre dollars . 

Laad in faraa accordiag to uae: 

Cropland harvested farms reporting. 

acres. 

Percent distribution percent. 

Cropland used only for pasture....- farms reporting. 

acres . 

Cropland not harvested and not pastured farms reporting. 

acres. 
Cropland used only for crops 

not harvested and not pastured farms reporting. 

acres. 

Cropland lying Idle farms reporting. 

acres. 

Woodland pastured farms reporting. 

acres. 
Woodland not pastured farms reporting . 

acres. 
Other pasture (not cropland 
and not woodland ) farms reporting. 

acres. 
Inproved (see text) farms reporting. 

acres. 
Other land (house lots, roads, 
wasteland, etc.) farms reporting. 

acres. 
Cropland, total farms reporting. 

acres. 
I^nd pastured, total farms reporting. 

acres. 
Woodland, total farms reporting. 

acres. 
Irrigated land in farms farms reporting. 

acres. 

USE OF COlMERCIAl FERTILIZER 

Crops on vbicb coaaercial fertilizer was used, 1954: 

Hay and cropland pasture farms reporting. 

tons. 
acres on which used. 

Other pasture farms reporting. 

tons, 
acres on which used. 

Com farms reporting. 

tons, 
acres on which used. 

Wheat farms reporting . 

tons, 
acres on which used . 

Fruits, vegetables, and potatoes farms reporting. 

tons, 
acres on which used. 

Other crops farms reporting . 

tons, 
acres on which used . 

RESIDENCE OF FARM OPERATOR 

Residing on farm operated operators reporting. 

Not residing on farm operated operators reporting. 

Operators not reporting residence number. 

FARMS BY SIZE 

Under 10 acres number . 

10 to 29 acres number . 

30 to 49 acres number. 

50 to 69 acres number. 

70 to 99 acres number. 

100 to 139 acres number. 

lAO to 179 acres number . 

180 to 219 acres number . 

220 to 259 acres number. 

260 to 499 acres number. 

500 to 999 acres number . 

1,000 acres and over number. 

FARM OPERATORS BY COLOR AND TENURE 

All fara operatora: 

Owners, part owners, and managers number . 

All tenants number. 

All vbite operatora: 

Owners, part owners, and managers number. 

All tenants number . 

All nonvbite operatora: 

Owners, part owners, and managers number. 

All tenants number. 



36,831 

XXX 

lt,5W,123 

XXX 

123.5 

19.023 
155.55 

35, Wl 
2,205,116 

XXX 

l'i,135 
283,012 

11,203 
202,195 

3,868 

U9,92lt 

8,681i 

152,271 

lit, 895 

378,933 

17,399 

'•79, '•83 

22,116 

672, 166 

5,762 

90,126 

35,648 

327,218 

35, gM 

2,690,323 

31,582 

l,33't,lll 

26,676 

858,1.16 

508 

8,309 



5,668 
16,686 
100, I'll 
2,535 
li,826 
30,119 

29,721 
86,Wi5 

539,123 
23,852 
47,509 

301,849 

3,801 
25,912 
67,li6l 
24,065 
48,738 
333,166 



35,354 

1,122 

355 



1,230 
2,095 
2,760 
4,o4o 
7,200 
7,971 

4,845 
2,460 
1,610 
2,310 
261 
49 



33,381 

3,450 



33,361 

3,440 



5,07a 
100.0 

643,882 

100.0 

126.9 

20,023 
158.77 

5,072 
368,486 

100.0 

1,632 
25,133 

2,016 
42,763 

680 
10,080 

1,596 
32,683 

1,4*6 
30,206 

2, 616 
68,033 

2,439 

54,709 

357 

5,490 

4,91i 

54, 552 

5,072 

436,382 

3,850 

110,04S 

3,531 

98,239 

10 

145 



462 

1,458 

8,941 

115 

200 

1,515 

4,395 

16,585 

108, 338 

3,785 

9,246 

62,268 

300 
762 
2,945 
3,105 
7,007 
54,404 



4,611 
361 
100 



25 

145 

430 

725 

1,205 

i,o4o 

550 
360 
170 
365 
50 
7 



4,510 
562 



4,505 
557 



38 
0.7 

22,260 

3.5 

585.8 

104,426 
202.58 

38 
16,509 

4.5 

22 

858 

7 

827 



7 

827 

16 

1,061 

22 

1,002 

21 

965 

1 

55 

37 
1,038 

38 
18,194 

32 
2,884 

27 
2,063 



275 
5.4 

86,990 
13.5 
316.3 

53,520 
158.67 

275 

60,485 

16.4 

135 

3,180 

100 

3,925 

70 
1,670 

45 
2,255 

95 

1,655 

175 

7,380 

135 

3,710 

45 

620 

270 
6,655 

275 
67,590 

225 
8,545 

220 
9,035 



20 


40 


194 


168 


940 


1,095 




20 




48 




380 


38 


270 


954 


3,522 


5,345 


20,415 


38 


255 


492 


1,688 


3,265 


11,605 


15 


50 


166 


214 


510 


840 


33 


200 


323 


1,214 


2,393 


8,405 


32 


225 


6 


40 




10 



5 

45 

40 

155 

25 



220 
55 



220 
55 



726 
14.3 

l4o,4lo 
21.8 
193.4 

32,897 
172.66 

726 

90,995 

24.7 

285 

4,630 

241 

5,530 

80 

1,755 

186 

3,775 
255 

4,785 

476 

14,485 

385 

9,275 

70 

1,505 

701 

10,710 

726 

101,155 

580 

18,690 

596 

19,270 

5 

5 



n6 

523 

2,971 

35 

92 

710 

711 

4,250 

28, 533 

666 

2,480 

16,260 

50 
128 
535 

496 

1,742 

13,067 



676 
50 



40 
130 

175 
165 
65 
135 
5 



601 
125 



601 
125 



1,307 
25.8 

166, 572 
25.9 
127.4 

17,402 
139.07 

1,307 
93,200 

25.3 

465 

6,360 

532 

11,183 

160 
2,345 

452 
8,838 

385 

8,150 

732 

19,800 

592 
14,294 

101 

1,485 

1,277 

13,585 

1,307 

110,743 

1,022 

28,804 

997 

27,950 

5 

140 



116 

261 

1,765 

40 

42 

300 

1,221 

4,014 
27,755 
1,045 
2,072 
14,030 

90 
152 
605 

850 
1,664 
14,110 



1,232 
60 
15 



100 
330 
485 
220 
95 
35 
30 



1,117 
190 



1,117 
190 



1,781 
35.1 

161,015 
25.0 
90.4 

13,791 
160.63 

1,781 

80,947 

22.0 

490 

6,535 

751 

14,093 

240 

3,195 

576 

10,898 

420 

9,045 

841 

18,286 

801 

16,545 

100 

1,445 

1,721 
15,564 

1,781 
101,575 

1,261 
32,125 

1,121 
27,331 



120 

246 

1,565 

20 

18 

125 

1,530 
3,129 

21,110 
1,276 
1,976 

13,173 

55 

46 

175 

1,081 

1,632 

13,049 



1,601 
135 
45 



45 
220 
425 
570 
305 
125 
40 
30 
10 
10 

1 



1,651 

130 



1,646 
125 



CASH-GRAIN FARMS 

Table2.-SUBREGI0N 28 -FARMS AND FARM CHARACTERISTICS FOR CASH-GRAIN FARMS, BY ECONOMIC CLASS: 

CENSUS OF 1954-Continued 

[Data are based on reports for only a sample of farms. See text] 



57 



Item 
(For definitions and explanations, see text) 



All 

commercial 

farms 



Economic class 



FAHU OPERATORS BY AGE 

Under 25 years operators reporting . . 

25 to 3^ years operators reporting.. 

35 to ^ years operators reporting. . 

A5 to 54 years operators reporting.. 

55 to 64 years operators reporting . . 

65 years and over operators reporting. . 

OFF-FARM WORK AND OTHER INCOME 

Fars operators — 

With other income of family exceeding value of farm 

products sold operators reporting. . 

Working off their farms, by days 

worked, total operators reporting. . 

None u. operators reporting. . 

1 to 99 days operators reporting . . 

100 to 199 days operators reporting . . 

200 days or more operators reporting . . 

FARllB BY CLASS OF WORK POWER 

No tractor, horses, or mules farms reporting.. 

No tractor and only 1 horse or mule farms reporting.. 

No tractor and 2 or more horses and/or mules farms reporting.. 

Tractor and horses and/or mules farms reporting.. 

Tractor and no horses or mules farms reporting. . 

SPECIFIED FACILITIES AND EQUIPMENT 

Telephone farms reporting. . 

Electricity farms reporting. . 

Television set farms reporting.. 

Piped running water farms reporting. . 

Home freezer farms reporting.. 

Electric pig brooder farms reporting.. 

Power feed grinder farms reporting. . 

Milking machine farms reporting.. 

Grain combines farms reporting. . 

number . . 
Com pickers farms reporting.. 

number . . 
Pick-up hay balers farms reporting . . 

number . . 
Field forage harvesters farms reporting.. 

number . . 
Mjtortrucks farms reporting. . 

number . . 
Tractors farms reporting. . 

number . . 
Wheel tractors other tiian garden farms reporting.. 

number . . 
Garden tractors farms reporting. . 

number . . 
Crawler tractors farms reporting.. 

number . . 
Automobiles farms reporting. . 

number . . 

FARM LABOR 

Week of Sept. 2i-0ct. 2 ood/or Oct. 24-30: 

Family and/ or hired workers farms reporting. . 

persons . . 

Family workers, including operator farms reporting.. 

Operators working 1 hour or more persons . . 

1 to 14 hours persons . . 

15 hours or more persons . . 

Unpaid members of operator's family farms reporting.. 

persons . . 

Hired workers farms reporting.. 

persons . . 
Regular workers (to be employed 

150 days or more ) farms reporting. . 

persons . . 
Seasonal workers (to be employed 

less than 150 days) farms reporting.. 

persons . . 

SPECIFIED FARM EXPENDITURES 

Specified farm expenditures^ farms reporting... 

Machine hire and/or hired labor farms reporting... 

Machine hire farms reporting. . . 

dollars. . . 

Hired labor farms reporting. . . 

dollars . . . 

$1 to $499 farms reporting. . . 

$500 to $999 farms reporting. . . 

$1,000 to $2,499 farms reporting... 

$2,500 to $4,999 farms reporting... 

$5,000 and over farms reporting... 

Feed for livestock and poultry farms reporting . . . 

dollars. . . 

Gasoline and other petroleum fuel and oil farms reporting — 

dollars . . . 
Commercial fertilizer and 

fertilizing material farms reporting. . . 

dollars . . . 

tons . . . 

acres on which used . . . 

Lime and liming material farms reporting . . . 

dollars. . . 

tons . . . 

acres on which used , . . 



702 
li,680 
7,?91 
7,921 

7,782 
7,378 



7,71*9 

15,'tW 

19, 902 

5,983 

2,1'tlt 

7,321 



2,946 

275 

2,135 

6,775 

24,700 



28,689 
3't,770 
22,561 
31,655 
18,805 
1,250 
7,'t3'* 
16,186 

11,292 

11,1165 

9,052 

9,112 

9,517 

9,5't8 

3,267 

3,310 

l8,Wi2 

22,066 

32,195 

55,1>61 

31,371* 

1*6,879 

6,809 

7,127 

1,282 

1,1*55 

30,627 

1*1,791 



35,160 
81,273 
31*, 879 
31*, 264 

5,995 
28,269 
16,778 
25,005 

7,957 
22,001* 

1*,201 
7,715 

'*,703 
14,289 



36,731 
30,551 
25,641 
4,940,703 
18,935 
20,767,369 
12, 560 

2,388 

2,348 

936 

703 

31,563 

42,813,421 

33,025 

12,004,272 

33,281 

12,071,643 
231,656 
1,370,438 
19,995 
2,795,928 
577,980 
313,547 



150 

575 

1,069 

1,020 

917 

1,261 



1,493 

2,539 

2,298 

775 

ill 

1,453 



460 
15 
130 
557 
3,910 



3,912 

4,977 

3,239 

3,987 

2,393 

141 

787 

681 

2,173 

2,219 

1,915 

1,927 

902 

907 

146 

146 

2,287 

2,693 

4,512 

7,704 

4,452 

6,641 

849 

865 

197 

198 

4,357 

5,721 



4,617 
7,708 
4,576 
4,476 

997 
3,479 
1,476 
2,142 

680 
1,090 

190 
248 

522 

842 



5,062 

3,922 

3,348 

546,836 

1,972 

666,201 

1,612 

206 

105 

33 

16 

3,439 
1,354,296 

4,512 
1,535,852 

4,741 

1,872,930 

35,390 

244,173 

2,299 

293,322 

73,333 

37,930 



38 



38 
37 
38 
32 
1 
7 
31 

38 
64 
38 
50 
31 
31 
20 
20 
38 
66 
38 

169 
38 

151 
12 
13 
5 
5 
38 
94 



130 
33 

33 
1 
32 
25 
45 
33 
52 

13 
26 

21 
26 



38 

38 

16 

3,150 

38 

58,791 

5 

15 

10 



27 

14,271 

38 

81,253 

38 

124,250 

2,128 

12,453 

28 

6,867 

2,918 

1,625 



105 

165 

55 

20 

30 



30 
245 



250 
275 
230 
260 
205 
15 
80 
l4o 

265 

265 

245 

250 

120 

120 

45 

45 

235 

320 

275 

805 

275 

685 

85 

90 

30 

30 

270 

460 



270 
575 
265 
255 

20 
235 

95 
l4o 

95 
180 

60 
75 

55 
105 



275 

245 

155 

42,915 

220 

207,105 

125 

40 

35 

10 

10 

235 

253,975 

270 

258,080 

275 

356,650 

6,799 

43,215 

185 

38,990 

13,225 

5,920 



20 
125 
206 
130 
165 

75 



280 
421 
105 
40 
135 



71 
630 



641 
721 
535 
601 
490 
70 
240 
185 

545 
545 
486 
466 
221 
226 
30 
30 
456 
561 
701 

1,538 
701 

1,317 
150 
150 
71 
71 
691 
901 



706 
1,422 
701 
696 
96 
600 
305 
500 

166 
226 

31 

31 

135 
195 



721 

561 

431 

88,140 
411 
133,910 
315 
46 
40 
10 



561 
270,410 

71i 
373,750 

721 

499,930 

9,252 

62,726 

426 

76,040 

19, uo 
9,300 



55 
175 
270 
285 

237 
280 



407 

747 
495 
240 
100 
407 



10 

180 

1,022 



1,052 
1,297 

807 
1,007 

641 
30 

220 

175 

675 
695 
571 
566 
235 
235 
21 

21 

622 

675 

1,207 

1,970 

1,202 

1,737 

196 

196 

36 

37 
1,187 
1,514 



1,247 
2,004 
1,232 

1,202 

260 
942 
446 
572 
145 
230 

35 
40 

110 

190 



1,307 

952 
830 

149,915 
4S7 

122, 540 

422 
45 
15 



926 

404,485 

1,187 

391,965 

1,271 

426,325 

8,291 

63,105 

605 

69, 440 

17,010 

9,410 



45 
205 
420 
400 

295 
391 



945 
1,195 

556 

170 
150 
875 



165 

10 

25 

166 

1,415 



1,376 

1,746 

1,190 

1,446 

745 

25 

190 

115 

520 

520 

450 

450 

215 

215 

30 

30 

666 

771 

1,596 

2,337 

1,571 

1,991 

306 

311 

35 

35 

1,506 

1,962 



1,561 

2,452 

1,550 

1,520 

415 

1,105 

395 

610 

186 

322 

51 

76 

146 
246 



1,781 
1,406 

1,236 
196,591 

576 
119,525 

510 

55 
5 
6 



1,190 
315,885 

1,601 
331,304 

1,686 

372,120 

7,110 

49,324 

765 

81,240 

16,650 

9,345 



Excludes farms reporting expenditures for commercial fertilizer and lime. 



58 



SIZE OF OPERATION BY TYPE OF FARM 



Table2 -SUBREGION 28 -FARMS AND FARM CHARACTERISTICS FOR CASH-GRAIN FARMS. BY ECONOMIC CLASS: 

CENSUS OF 1954-Continued 

[Data are baaed on reports for onjy a eaaple of farma. See text] 



(For definitions and explanations^ see text) 



All 
coMDercial 



Economic class 



ESTIMATED VALTO OF FABM PRQDDOTS SOU) (see text) 

All farm products sold dollars. . 

All crops sold dollars . . 

Field crops, other than vegetables 
and fruits and nuts, sold dollars. . 

Vegetables sold dollars. . 

Fruits and nuts sold dollars. . 

Horticultural specialties sold dollars. . 

All livestock and livestock products sold.. ..dollars. . 

Dairy products sold dollars.. 

Poultry and poultry products sold dollars. . 

Livestock and livestock products, other 

than dairy and poultry, sold dollars . . 

Forest products sold dollars . . 

LIVESTOCK AND LIVESTOCK PRODUCTS 
Liveatoek OD band: 

linrses and mules farms reporting. . . 

number . . . 

All cattle and calves farms reporting... 

number . . . 
Cows, Including heifers that 

have calved farms reporting. . . 

number . . . 

Uilk cows farms reporting... 

number . . . 

All hogs and pigs farms reporting . . . 

number . . . 

Bom before June 1 number . . . 

Chickens A months old and over. .. .farms reporting... 

number . . . 

Sheep, total farms reporting... 

number. . . 

Number 1 year and over: 

Eves number. . . 

Rams and wether^ number. . . 

Livestock and liveatock products sold: 

Cattle and calves sold alive fanos reporting.. 

number. . 
dollars. . 

Hogs and pigs sold alive farms reporting.. 

number. . 
dollars. . 

Chickens sold farms reporting. . 

dollars. . 

Chicken eggs sold farms reporting.. 

dozens. . 
dollars.. 

MUX sold pounds . . 

dollars. . 

Sheep sold farms reporting.. 

number. . 
dollars. . 

SPECIFIED CROPS HARVESTED 

Com for all purposes farms reporting. . 

acres. . 

Com harvested for grain farms reporting. . 

acres. . 

bushels harvested. . 

bushels sold. . 

Wheat threshed or combined farms reporting. . 

acres. . 

bushels harvested. . 

bushels sold.. 

Oats threshed or combined farms reporting. . 

acres. . 

bushels harvested. . 

bushels sold. . 

Barley threshed or combined farms reporting. . 

acres. . 

bushels harvested. . 

bushels sold.. 

Rye threshed or combined farms reporting. . 

acres. . 

bushels harvested. . 

bushels sold. . 

Soybeans harvested for 

all purposes farms reporting.. 

ac re 8 . . 

Soybeans harvested for beans farms reporting.. 

acres. . 
bushels harvested. . 

Vegetables harvested for sale farms reporting.. 

dollars. . 



Sn,Zkh,hkO 
76,035,578 

1(1,873,126 
SilSSjliSa 
10,359,5't9 
18,650,1115 
11(0,285,397 
79,271,9011 
26,242,351 

3li,771,lli2 
923,1165 



9,185 

26,321 

30,259 

680,995 

28,928 
362, 017 

27,059 
328,0119 

16,221 
290,830 

95,156 

25,123 
11,739,788 

i*,060 
158,057 



98,195 
5,707 



28,258 

298,1*23 

19,8iiit,036 

12,839 

335,047 

12,829,7113 

111,037 
7,306,752 

18,5116 
39,010,91*3 
15,590,359 

,056,4111,076 
79,271,901* 

3,it06 

93,050 

1,339,350 



31,328 
566,647 

29,720 

469,346 

24,056,084 

8,033,984 

26,733 

338,714 

9,268,487 

7,213,212 

26,419 

319, 355 

111, 298,535 

2,109,855 

4,002 

26,640 

1,065,160 

138,280 

1,403 

9,003 

191, 385 

103,265 



4,819 
92,576 

4,257 

89,036 

1,746,012 

2,876 
5,152,488 



18,033,471 
14,079,246 

13,733,807 

187,1155 

150,686 

7,300 

3,916,928 

1,241,090 

800,775 

1,875,063 
37,295 



702 
1,484 
3,270 
34,284 

2,920 
15,264 

2,472 
U,020 

1,887 
23,750 

9,140 

3,022 
310,665 

741 
28,107 



18,660 
732 



2,334 
11,393 
844,611 

1,197 

19,973 

701,525 

1,277 
171,180 

1,821 

1,691,615 

617,770 

38,073,466 
1,241,090 

586 
14,391 
217,492 



4,746 
115,354 

4,736 

112,766 

6,149,110 

4,445,259 

4,325 

70,553 

1,931,295 

1,673,409 

3,547 

44, 510 

1,881,825 

918,870 

432 

3,010 

128,910 

79,890 

296 

2,680 

60, 040 

41,455 



2,147 
54,223 

2,102 

53,843 
,074,420 

326 
187,455 



1,105,832 
899,866 

81i4,046 
39,950 
15,870 

205,861 

104,250 

4,275 

97,336 
105 



32 
862 

27 

428 

a 
371 

17 
600 

215 

21 

2,310 

6 

3,362 



2,675 

52 



27 

312 
21,666 

7 

698 

29,845 

6 
275 

5 

11,500 

4,000 

2,868,714 

104,250 



1,536 
27,667 



5,31*5 

38 

5,265 

356,050 

292,220 



3,620 
110,660 
107,615 

38 

1,805 

83,875 

47,725 

12 

140 

5,555 

1,800 

6 

90 

1,700 

1,080 



27 
2,393 

27 
2,393 
54,705 

16 

39,950 



3,831,933 
2,938,663 

2,861,418 
76,125 

1,120 

888,020 
405,025 
148,080 

334,915 
5,250 



30 

45 

235 

11,750 

205 
2,295 

185 
1,955 

140 
3,935 
1,015 

195 
44,565 

75 
3,280 



2,450 
85 



205 

1,920 

146,495 

125 

3,650 

136,200 

125 
24,815 

155 

338,750 
122,885 

11,676,705 
405,025 

70 
2,690 
39,330 



265 
20,905 

265 

20,250 

1,273,950 

1,042,120 

270 
12,230 
342,185 
309,090 

210 

5,530 

246,475 

122,610 

45 

895 

46,750 

36,900 

35 

465 

10,450 

7,180 



185 
10,325 

185 
10,255 
228,215 

55 

76,125 



■1,965,328 

3,811,107 

3,715,196 
33,325 
62,586 

1,141,326 
398,105 
173,385 

569,836 
12,895 



71 

132 

5I1I 

8,053 

506 

3,856 
420 

2,615 
315 

5,905 

1,995 

441 

55,835 

195 
8,805 



5,205 
220 



475 

2,820 

234,060 

265 

5,695 

228,835 

256 

38,420 

321 
377,880 
133,045 

12,396,780 
398,105 

165 

4,440 

69,150 



726 
29,528 

726 
28,800 

1,634,010 
1,147,615 

691 
16,990 
1180,535 
425,005 

556 

10,627 
477,685 
243,180 

100 

735 

33,800 

22,700 

65 

695 

15,150 

13,175 



505 
16,420 

505 
16,420 
353,610 

50 
33,325 



4,412,815 
3,410,351 

3,370,753 
23,180 
15,418 
1,000 
993, 384 
254,935 
254, 740 

483,709 
9,080 



190 

450 

821 

8,887 

761 
4,021 

670 
2,870 

495 
6,585 
2,880 

790 
85,290 

205 
7,300 



4,780 
205 



646 

3,105 

219,465 

370 

5,320 

190,805 

395 

51,250 

510 

534,000 
197,475 

1,169,196 
254,935 

170 

3,515 

51,630 



1,282 
29,881 

1,277 

29,286 
1,536,970 
1,112,369 

1,165 

17,245 
462,950 
402,415 

932 

11,329 

456,205 

215,340 

145 

630 

22,190 

9,430 

80 

630 

14,260 

7,090 



640 
14,115 

625 

14,005 

255,960 

75 

23,180 



3,044,302 
2,453,490 

2,400,637 
8,425 
38,428 
6,000 
581,467 
72,290 
188,420 

320,757 
9,345 



201 

447 

1,061 

7,837 

901 
3,231* 

716 
2,099 

610 

5,010 
2,205 
1,015 
90,210 

220 
4,945 



3,180 
150 



666 

2,401 

180,625 

315 

3,605 

94,760 

405 
50, 520 

595 
367,570 
135,665 

2,602,254 
72,290 

155 
2,045 
27,315 



1,655 
23,230 

1,650 

22,765 

1,075,070 

713,120 

1,481 
15,408 
406,785 
338,854 

1,211 

11,379 

473,1*55 

235,285 

90 

480 

17,290 

8,460 

85 

610 

14,115 

9,230 



610 
9,315 

600 

9,185 

155,855 

90 

8,425 



Includes milk equivalent of cream and butterfat sold. 



CASH-GRAIN FARMS 



59 



Table 2.-SUBREGI0N 28 -FARMS AND FARM CHARACTERISTICS FOR CASHGRAIN FARMS, BY ECONOMIC CLASS: 

CENSUS OF 1954-Conlinued 

[Data are bafied on reports for only a sample of fanns. See text] 



(For deflnltlonfl and explanations, see text) 



SPECIFIED CROPS HARVESTED — Continued 

Land in bearing and nonbearlng fruit orchards, groves, 

vineyards, and planted nut trees^ farms reporting. . . 

acres. . . 

Alfalfa and alfalfa mixtures cut for ha^ (and 

for dehydrating) acres... 

tons . . . 
tons sold.. . 

Clover, timothy, and mixtures of clover and grasses 

cut for hay acres.. . 

tons . . . 
tons sold. . . 



Lespedeza cut for hay 



.acres. . 

tons. . 



Oats, \.heat, barley, rye, or other small grains 

cut for hay acres. .. 

tons . . . 
tons sold. . . 

Grass silage made from grasses, alfalfa, clover, 

or small grains acres .. . 

tons, green \.elght... 



Cither hay cut. 



aeres. . . 

tons. .. 
tons sold. . . 



Nursery products sold dollars. . . 

Cut flowers, potted plants, florist greens, and bedding 
plants sold dollars — 

Vegetables grown under glass, flower seeds, vegetable seeds, 
vegetable plants, bulbs, and mushrooms sold dollars. . . 

Farms reporting by acres of com 
harvested for all purposes: 

Undtr 11 acres farms reporting... 

11 to 2k acres fauns reporting. . ■ 

25 to 49 acres farms reporting... 

50 to 74 acres farms reporting... 

75 to 99 acres farms reporting... 

100 acres and over , farms reporting... 

Farms reporting by acres of wheat 
threshed or combined: 

Under 10 acres farms repor-tlng. .. 

10 to 2J4 acres farms reporting . . . 

25 to 49 acres farms reporting... 

50 to 99 acres farms reporting... 

100 to 199 acres farms reporting... 

200 to 299 acres - farms reporting... 

300 to U99 acres farms reporting. . . 

500 to 999 acres farms reporting. . . 

1,000 acres and over farms reporting. . . 

Farms reporting by acres of soybeans 
harvested for all purposes: 

Under 25 acres r..: farms reporting. . . 

25 to 1+9 acres farms reporting... 

50 to 99 acres farms reporting. . . 

100 acres and over farms reporting... 



All 

ccmnerclal 

farms 



7,076 
l*8,881i 



210,856 
'i2l(,76U 
23,600 



H5,61t2 

727, 561 

111,270 

55 
65 



1,805 

2,435 

35 



61,027 
413,545 

11,457 

18,790 

625 

2,523,670 



1,633,230 
■,493,515 



U,996 

12,730 

5,027 

1,096 
248 
231 



12,131 
12,274 
1,929 

353 
39 



3,623 

856 

287 

53 



Econcinlc class 



599 
2,205 



15,048 

27,876 

4,315 



50,490 
66,832 
10,780 



185 

190 

20 



5,670 

780 

1,055 

220 



7,000 



1,405 
1,785 
1,011 

321 
125 

99 



1,420 

2,201 

550 

13T 

17 



1,330 
545 
235 

37 



7 
215 



1,072 

2,611 

75 



1,020 
1,157 

525 



35 
425 



27 
11 



15 
12 



15 

24 



3,030 

6,660 

665 



4,065 

5,905 

875 



295 
1,750 



90 
85 
55 



15 
165 



35 
5 



5 
90 
70 
20 



81 

423 



3,981 
7,170 
2,035 



10,660 

13,900 

2,105 



215 
,515 



15 
135 
370 

160 
35 



20 

380 
270 



195 

220 

85 
5 



150 
330 



2,790 
4,770 



13,790 

18,430 

4,105 



280 
1,730 



125 
200 



100 
710 
406 

66 



190 

890 

80 



420 

170 

50 



246 
941 



2,665 

4,440 
400 



14,700 

19,710 

2,450 



145 
145 
20 



30 
100 

435 

600 

220 



6,000 



660 
805 
185 



705 
751 
25 



535 
60 



100 
272 



1,510 

2,225 

250 



6,255 

7,730 

720 



25 
25 



30 
150 



185 
235 



630 
135 
15 



505 
165 
10 



175 
5 



^Does not include data for farms with less than 20 trees or grapevines. See text. 



^Data relate only to that part of the sujjregion located in Ohio. 



60 



SIZE OF OPERATION BY TYPE OF FARM 



Table 2.-SUBREGI0N 47 —FARMS AND FARM CHARACTERISTICS FOR CASH-GRAIN FARMS, BY ECONOMIC CLASS: 

CENSUS OF 1954 

[Data are based on reports for only a sample of farms. See text] 



Item 
(For definitions and explanations, see text) 



All 

connnercial 

farms 



Economic class 



FiStE, JtCREAGE, JUiD VALUE 

Faraa number. 

Percent distribution percent . 

Land ID faraa acres. 

Percent distribution percent. 

Average size of farm acres. 

Valae of land and buildings: 

Average per farm dollars . 

Average per acre dollars . 

Land in faras accordiag to uae: 

Cropland harvested farms reporting. 

acres. 

Percent distribution percent. 

Cropland used onl^ for pasture...,. farms reporting. 

acres . 

Cropland not harvested and not pastured farms reporting. 

acres. 
Cropland used only for crops 

not harvested and not pastured farms reporting. 

acres. 

Cropland lying idle farms reporting . 

acres. 

Woodland pastured farms reporting. , 

acres . , 

Woodland not pastured fanns reporting. , 

acres. , 
Other pasture (not cropland 

and not woodland ) , f aims reporting . . 

acres. , 

Inproved (see text).k farms reporting.. 

acres . . 
Other land (house lots, roads, 

wasteland, etc.) ,,,., ....farms reporting.. 

acres. . 

Cropland, total farms reporting. . 

acres. . 

land pastured, total farms reporting. . 

acres. . 

Woodland, total farms reporting.. 

acres . . 

Irrigated land in farms farms reporting. . 

acres. . 

USE OF C0I*ERCIA1 FERTILIZER 

Crops on which coaaercial fertilizer was useJ, I9S4: 

Hay and cropland pasture. farms reporting. . 

tons. . 
acres on which used.. 

Other pasture farms reporting. . 

tons. . 
acres on which used.. 

Com farms reporting. . 

tons. . 
acres on which used . . 

Wheat farms reporting . . 

tons. . 
acres on which used . . 

Fruits, vegetables, and potatoes farms reporting. . 

tons. . 
acres on which used , . 

Other crops farms reporting . . 

tons. . 
acres on which used.. 

RESIDENCE OF FARM OPERATOR 

Residing on farm operated operators reporting. . 

Not residing on farm operated operators reporting.. 

Operators not reporting residence number . . 

FARMS BY SIZE 

Under 10 acres number. . 

10 to 29 acres number. . 

30 to A9 acres number . . 

50 to 69 acres number. . 

70 to 99 acres number . . 

100 to 139 acres number . . 

liO to 179 acres number.. 

180 to 219 acres number.. 

220 to 259 acres number. . 

260 to 499 acres number . . 

500 to 999 acres number . . 

1,000 acres and over number, . 

FARM OPERATORS BY COLOR AND TENURE 

All fara operators: 

Owners, part owners, and managers number.. 

All tenants number . . 

All white operators: 

Owners, part owners, and managers number.. 

All tenants number . . 

AIL noawhite operators: 

Owners, part owners, and managers number.. 

All tenants number . . 



71,638 



U,08l,035 

XXX 

IJIi.T 

39,276 
21.6.65 

66,637 
7,370,1.65 

XXX 

1.5,560 

1,193,W.2 

8,to5 

172,022 

l.,131 
83,775 

4,919 
88,21.7 

31,71.1. 
771., 1«8 

15, W2 
301,1.91 

26, 598 

679,017 

11,31.9 

89,71.5 

69,569 

590,190 

68, U3 

8,735,929 

63,71.3 

2,61.6,867 

1.1,800 

1,075,899 

273 

5,912 



10,878 
38,572 
270,159 
2,652 
6,587 
1.6,505 

61,082 

381.,071 

2,961.,938 

38,766 
121,289 
906,i«31 

2,027 

9,596 

39,096 

39,803 

116,211. 

1,089,883 



67,1*56 
3,176 

1,006 



2,365 

I*, 091 

5,1.50 

5,235 

10,650 

11,020 

10,235 

6,860 

5,070 

9,155 
1,387 

120 



50,799 
20,839 



50,701. 
20,809 



23,957 
100.0 

3,959,977 

100.0 

165.3 

1«,357 
21.5.12 

23,957 

2,850,298 

100.0 

13,003 

301,123 

3,779 

86,891. 

1,817 
1.1,372 

2,289 
1.5,522 

8,922 
213,030 

6,oiio 
128, 157 

7,81.3 

177,71.3 

1,020 

16,01.5 

23,067 
202,732 

23,957 
3,238,315 
19,751. 
691,896 
13,231 
31.1,187 

36 



2,319 
7,653 

52,901. 

551 

1,559 

10,275 

21,807 
136,217 
1,103,226 
111, 029 
1.3, 372 
331., 1.22 

571 
1,870 

U,331 

13,585 

1.2,757 

1.39,378 



22,168 

i,we 

3^ 



90 
725 
1,910 
1,900 
3,850 
3,700 

3,605 
2,355 
1,800 
3,1.85 
500 
37 



16,278 
7,679 



16,258 
7,659 



691. 
2.9 

3711,592 

9.5 

539.8 

llw,233 
255. le 

691. 

284, 598 

10.0 

M3 

26,91.3 

168 

6,629 

91 

3,682 

78 

2,91.7 

329 

16,715 

212 
10,11.2 

315 

111,1.61 

80 

3,310 

671. 

15,101. 

691. 

318,170 

61.1 
58,119 

1.28 

26,857 

6 

2lW 



IW. 

1,21«) 

6, 1.91. 

61 

575 
2,660 

674 

18,098 

113,1.31 

567 

5,128 

35,277 

36 

328 

1,941 

1.88 

4,831 

1.5,633 



655 

24 
15 



5 
15 

30 
320 
290 

34 



426 
268 



426 
268 



5,31*3 
22.3 

1,472,665 

37.2 

275.6 

68,810 
253.17 

5,31.3 

1,125,070 

39-5 

3,515 

107,855 

791 

26,390 



12,465 

451 

13,925 

2,253 
65,235 

1,498 
32,860 

1,953 

51,862 

265 

l.,175 

5,208 

63,393 

5,31.3 

1,259,315 

4,848 

224,952 

3,228 

98,095 



860 

3,099 

21,585 

145 

418 

2,920 

5,218 

54,737 

440,720 

4,137 

17,726 

133,825 

175 

732 

4,920 

3,642 

16,670 

170,770 



5,048 

220 

75 



30 
140 

645 

925 

1,015 

2,395 

190 

3 



2,807 
2,536 



2,802 
2,536 



7,090 
29.6 

1,203,395 

30.4 

169.7 

38,833 
231.90 

7,090 

854,995 

30.0 

4,215 

91,110 

1,185 

29,030 

580 

13,545 

755 

15,485 

3,070 
67,105 

2,010 
44,110 

2,250 

53,745 

350 

5,145 

6,900 

63,300 

7,090 

975,135 

6,210 

211,960 

4,470 

111,215 

15 

300 



710 

2,180 

16,170 

170 

353 

2,800 

6,740 

37,698 

328,845 

4,820 

12,702 

103,855 

180 

445 

3,020 

4,440 

12,616 

133,265 



6,650 
370 
70 



10 

15 
50 

685 
1,650 

2,240 

1,140 

620 

665 

15 



4,430 
2,660 



4,430 
2,650 



5,840 
24.4 

602,085 
15.2 
103.1 

24,916 
244.80 

5,840 

403,485 

14.2 

2,910 

49,475 

835 

12,560 

395 
6,745 

495 
5,815 

1,990 
41,050 

1,360 
23,175 

1,965 

36,300 

235 

2,665 

5,590 

36,040 

5,840 

465,520 

4,640 

126,825 

3,060 

64,225 

15 

150 



420 
855 

6,420 
120 
158 

1,490 

5,210 

17,205 

149,300 

2,875 

5,463 
42,890 

85 

284 

1,070 

3,160 

6,165 

62,905 



5,265 
490 
85 



30 

365 

835 

2,095 

1,480 

585 
260 
110 

80 



4,385 

1,455 



4,380 
1,450 



3,930 
16.4 

258,155 

6.5 

65.7 

16,093 
245.03 

3,930 

158,370 

5.6 

1,530 

20,210 

615 



280 

4,170 

385 

4,310 

1,105 

19,550 

775 

13,720 

1,115 

17,460 
70 
440 

3,705 
20,365 

3,930 
187,060 

2,805 
57,220 

1,705 
33,270 



180 

274 

2,210 

55 

55 

405 

3,290 
7,501 

62,455 
1,410 
2,107 

16,665 

70 
66 

340 

1,610 

2,245 

24, 530 



3,590 
260 
80 



5 
355 
1,230 
855 
930 
380 

105 
30 
15 
25 



3,305 
625 



3,300 
625 



CASH-GRAIN FARMS 

Table2.-SUBREGI0N 47 .-FARMS AND FARM CHARACTERISTICS FOR CASH-GRAIN FARMS, BY ECONOMIC CLASS: 

CENSUS OF 1954-ConUnued 

[Data are baaed on reports for only a saii?)le of farmB. See text] 



61 



(For definitions and explanations, see text) 



All 

commercial 

farms 



Economic class 



FARM OPERATORS BY AQZ 

Under 25 years operators reporting. . 

25 to 3i years operators reporting.. 

35 to 44 years operators reporting . . 

45 to 54 years operators reporting. . 

55 to 64 years operators reporting. . 

65 years and over operators reporting. . 

OFF-FARM WORK AND OTHER INCOME 

FoTH operators^ 

With other income of family exceeding value of farm 

products sold operators reporting. . 

Working off their farms, by days 

worked, total operators reporting.. 

None operators reporting. . 

1 to 99 days operators reporting . . 

100 to 199 days operators reporting. . 

200 days or more operators reporting. . 

FARJE BY CIASS OF WORX POWER 

No tractor, horses, or mules farms reporting.. 

No tractor and onl^ 1 horse or mule farms reporting.. 

No tractor and 2 or more horses and/or mules farms reporting.. 

Tractor and horses and/or mules farms reporting.. 

Tractor and no horses or mules farms reporting . . 

SPECIFIED FACIUTIES AND EQUIPMENT 

Telephone farms reporting . . 

Electricity farms reporting. . 

Television set farms reporting . . 

Piped running water farms reporting. . 

Home freezer farms reporting . . 

Electric pig brooder farms reporting . . 

Power feed grinder farms reporting . . 

Milking machine farms reporting . . 

Grain combines farms reporting.. 

number . . 
Com pickers farms reporting. . 

number . . 
Pick-up hay balers farms reporting. . 

number . . 
Field forage harvesters farms reporting.. 

number . . 
ibtortrucks farms reporting. . 

number . . 
Tractors farms reporting. . 

number . . 
Wheel tractors other than garden farms reporting.. 

number . . 
Garden tractors farms reporting. . 

number . . 
Crawler tractors farms reporting . . 

number . . 
Automobiles farms reporting. . 

number . . 

FARM LABOR 

Week of Oct. 24-30: 

Family and/or hired workers farms reporting.. 

persons . . 

Family workers, including operator farms reporting. . 

Operators wording 1 hour or more persons . . 

1 to lA hours persons . . 

15 hours or more persons . . 

Unpaid members of operator's family farms reporting.. 

persons . . 

Hired workers farms reporting. . 

persons . . 
Reg\ilar workers (to be eii^loyed 

150 days or more ) farms reporting . . 

persons . . 
Seasonal workers (to be employed 

less than 150 days) farms reporting.. 

persons . . 

SPECIFIED FARM EXPENDITURES 

Specified farm expenditures^ farms reporting. . 

Machine hire and/or hired labor farms reporting.. 

Machine hire farms reporting. . 

dollars.. 

Hired labor farms reporting. . 

dollars . . 

$1 to $499 farms reporting.. 

$500 to $999 farms reporting. . 

$1,000 to $2,499 farms reporting.. 

$2,500 to $4,999 farms reporting.. 

$5,000 and over farms reporting.. 

Feed for livestock and poultry farms reporting. . 

dollars . . 

Gasoline and other petroleum fuel and oil farms reporting.. 

dollars . . 
Commercial fertilizer and 

fertilizing material farms reporting. . 

dollars . . 

tons. . 

acres on which used . . 

Lime and liming material farms reporting. . 

dollars. . 

tons. . 

acres on which used . . 



10,11(3 
15,61'' 
15,276 
15,'t97 
12,655 



9,813 

26,937 
Itl.lOO 
13, "137 
3,297 
10,203 



8,200 
l«55 
706 

8,188 

54,089 



59,612 
70,6lt2 
52,157 
59,108 
'(1,92'( 
5,59'' 
16, 573 
19,552 

33,891 
3'',76'' 
'(1,961 
'(2,701 
13,1(1(5 

1(,03'( 

'(,085 

37,521 

1(2,1(20 

63,522 

121',1(83 

62,197 

105,815 

17,11(2 

17,653 

896 

1,015 

65,751 

85,751 



67,173 
126,053 
66,1115 
65,3'(8 
12,161( 
53,181( 
2l(,997 
3'(,206 
15,026 
26,1(99 

7,005 
10,261 

9,1(6'' 
16,238 



71, ''73 
57,163 
1(6,818 

10,821,99i( 
39,607 

28,155,716 
28,125 

1(,101 

k.gki 

1,702 

736 

62,389 

100,873,11(7 

63,831 

31,2lil(,287 

63, 579 

38,238,013 

681(,o65 

5,33l(,'(27 

18,385 

2,920,167 

906,a5l( 

1(86,369 



650 
3,718 
5,'«:3 
5,15'' 
1(,929 
3,718 



3,997 

10,290 
12, 1(1(7 
l(,7l(2 
1,255 
4,293 



2,165 

85 

135 

2,226 

19,31(6 



19,002 

23,512 

17,352 

18,976 

13,l81( 

973 

4,109 

4,523 

12,527 

12,855 

14,812 

15, 114 

3,604 

3,634 

836 

837 

12,102 

13,588 

21,817 

41,520 

21, 542 

36,247 

4,892 

4,964 

286 

309 

21,952 

27,850 



22,087 
38,628 
21,877 
21,542 

4,391 

17,151 
7,447 

10,038 
4,394 
7,048 

1,654 
2,202 

3,076 
4,846 



23,932 

19,287 

16,062 

3,660,930 

12,467 

6,238,772 

9,500 

1,115 

1,382 

349 

121 

17,752 
14,073,272 

22,047 
10,933,630 

22,562 

13,328,216 

235,096 

1,953,214 

5,520 

900,140 

282, 349 

148,960 



15 
138 
252 
167 
99 
18 



189 

490 

151 

5 

33 



106 
563 



629 
694 
609 
668 
546 
102 
293 
173 

639 

701 
654 
730 

322 
332 
156 
157 
639 
993 
669 

2,435 
669 

2,123 

261 

268 

41 

44 

674 

1,318 



694 

2,124 

694 

674 
80 
594 
276 
456 
457 
994 

347 
668 

191 
326 



694 
669 
395 
191,740 
619 
1,632,552 
115 

70 
251 
104 

79 

629 

1,597,530 

679 

1,091,757 

684 

1,753,521 

30,255 

205,929 

308 

116,928 

37,401 

19,925 



195 

1,280 

1,511 

1,212 

780 

300 



110 

1,636 

3,477 

1,361 

90 

185 



115 
5 



630 
4,593 



4,693 
5,333 

4,233 
4,803 
3,728 
4l6 
1,356 
1,635 

4,513 

4,679 

4,638 

4,8o4 

1,452 

1,462 

290 

290 

3,928 

4,450 

5,228 

12,620 

5,208 
11,099 

1,426 
1,431 
90 
90 
5,233 
7,122 



5,173 
10,484 
5,123 
5,053 
671 
4,382 
2,091 
2,922 
1,702 
2,509 

777 
949 

1,075 

1,560 



5,343 
4,563 
3,422 

1,029,235 
3,718 

2,486,110 

2,280 

525 

711 

185 

17 

4,538 
5,728,622 

5,213 
4,298,223 

5,283 
5,413,140 
93,711 
774,775 
1,817 
394,732 
120,993 
62,545 



195 
1,050 
1,690 
1,655 
1,500 

910 



575 

2,895 
3,850 
1,715 

435 
745 



5 

670 
6,035 



5,710 
6,975 
5,140 
5,670 
4,125 
275 
1,420 
1,760 

4,475 
4,565 
5,24o 
5,295 
1,190 
1,195 
260 
260 

3,880 

4,240 
6,735 

12,875 
6,700 

11,475 
1,270 
1,290 
90 
110 
6,645 
8,090 



6,785 

12,145 
6,730 
6,650 
1,020 
5,630 
2,535 
3,465 
1,305 
2,030 

390 
420 

995 

1,610 



7,090 

5,770 

4,685 

1,163,865 

4,145 

1,367,150 

3,395 

380 

325 

40 

5 

5,705 
4,290,675 

6,765 
3,355,105 

6,875 

3,749,545 

66,714 

588,490 

1,705 

238,655 

77,250 

38,865 



135 
675 
1,130 
1,200 
1,470 
1,150 



1,475 

2,905 

2,670 

950 

430 

1,525 



610. 
20 

35 

460 
4,715 



4,455 

5,710 

4,130 

'(,325 

2,735 

130 

670 

730 

2,095 
2,105 
2,865 
2,870 
445 
450 

100 
100 
2,225 
2,395 
5,215 
8,170 
5,165 
6,995 

1,120 

1,130 

45 

45 

5,260 

6,320 



5,260 
8,015 
5,195 
5,135 
1,160 
3,975 
1,545 
1,955 
655 
925 

120 
140 

545 
785 



5,830 
4,585 
4,110 

804,835 
2,480 

549,005 

2,280 

100 

65 

20 
15 

4,110 
1,766,690 

5,360 
1,527,620 

5,435 

1,674,275 

30,660 

264,835 

1,115 

103,720 

33,070 

18,885 



70 
520 
705 
820 
870 
840 



1,805 

2,470 

1,255 

370 

295 

1,805 



615 
35 
40 

300 
2,940 



2,825 

3,770 

2,690 

2,870 

1,745 

45 

330 

200 

700 

700 

1,260 

1,260 

180 

180 

30 

30 

1,235 

1,310 

3,325 

4,655 

3,240 

3,950 

660 

685 

20 

20 

3,405 

4,200 



3,380 

4,905 

3,345 

3,260 

1,130 

2,130 

880 

1,075 

265 

570 

15 
20 

260 
550 



3,915 

3,080 

2,870 

410, 040 

1,315 
187,940 

1,245 
40 
25 



2,285 
614,305 

3,330 
587,525 

3,490 
660,905 

12,248 
106, 425 
485 
37,780 
11,385 
7,455 



40 

55 

115 

100 
210 
500 



195 
705 
195 



430 
15 
55 
60 

500 



690 

1,030 

550 

640 

305 

5 

40 

25 

105 
105 
155 
155 
15 
15 



195 
200 
645 
765 
560 
605 
155 
160 



735 
800 



795 
955 
790 
770 
330 
440 
120 
165 



10 

15 



1,060 

620 

580 
61,215 

190 
16,015 

185 



485 
75,450 

700 
73,400 

795 

76,830 

1.508 

12,760 

90 

8,325 

2,250 

1,285 



Excludes farms reporting expenditures for commercial fertilizer and lime. 
412358 0-57-6 



62 SIZE OF OPERATION BY TYPE OF FARM 

Table 2 -SUBREGION 47.-FARMS AND FARM CHARACTERISTICS FOR CASH-GRAIN FARMS, BY ECONOMIC CLASS: 

CENSUS OF 1954-Conlinued 

[Data are based on reports for only a sample of farms. See text] 



Item 
(For definitions and explanations, see text) 



ESTIMATED VALUE OF F4HM PRQDDCTS SOU) (see text) 

*Tl farm products sold dollars . . 

All crops sold dollars . . 

Field crops, other than vegetables 
and fruits and nuts, sold dollars. . 

Vegetables sold dollars. . 

Fruits and nuts sold dollars . . 

Horticultural specialties sold dollars.. 

ATI livestock and livestock products sold.. . .dollars. . 

Dairy products sold dollars . . 

Poultry and poultry products sold dollars. . 

Livestock and livestock products, other 

than dairy and poultry, sold dollars.. 

Forest products sold dollars.. 

LIVESTOCK AND LIVESTOCK FRQDDCIS 

Liveatock OD bond: 

Itorses and mules farms reporting.. 

number . . 

m cattle and calves farms reporting.. 

number . . 
Govs, including heifers that 

have calved farms reporting.. 

number . . 

Uili cows farms reporting.. 

number. . 

All hogs and pigs farms reporting.. 

number . . 

Bom before June 1 number. . 

Chickens 4 nxmths old and over. . ..farms reporting.. 

number . . 

Sheep, total farms reporting. . 

number. . 

Number 1 year and over; 

Eves number. . . 

Rams and wethers number. . . 

Livestock and livestock products sold: 

Cattle and calves sold alive farms reporting... 

number. . . 
dollars.. . 

Hogs and pigs sold alive farms reporting. . . 

number. . . 
dollars. . . 

Chickens sold farms reporting — 

dollars. . . 

Chicken eggs sold farms reporting. .. 

dozens . . . 
dollars... 

Milk sold^ pounds. . . 

dollars. . . 

Sheep sold farms reporting. . . 

number. . . 
dollars. . . 

SPECIFIED CROPS HARVESTED 

Com for all ptirposea farms reporting.. 

acres. . 

Com harvested for grain farms reporting.. 

acres. . 

bushels harvested. . 

bushels sold. . 

Wheat threshed or combined farms reporting. . 

acres. . 

bushels harvested. . 

bushels sold. . 

Oats threshed or combined farms reporting.. 

acres. . 

bushels harvested. . 

bushels sold. . 

Barley threshed or combined farms reporting.. 

acres. . 

bushels harvested. . 

bushels sold. . 

I^ threshed or combined farms reporting. . 

acres. . 

bushels harvested. . 

bushels sold. . 



Soybeans harvested for 

all purposes farms reporting 

acres 

Soybeans harvested for beans farms reporting 

acres 
bushels harvested 

Soybeans cut for hay farms reporting 

acres 
tons harvested 



All 

conmercial 

farms 



637,6611,293 
2't3, 377, 'tis 

227,124,991 

5,771,595 

1,190,95't 

9,289,925 

393,916,233 

62,767,798 

29,917,203 

301,231,232 
370,595 



20,278 

60,995 

1,461,726 

56,li»li 

599,592 

'<3,5't7 

3Wi,896 

47,682 

3,838,280 

1,314,108 

48,960 

6,764,245 

16,053 
495,082 



314,157 
21,626 



55,618 

718,810 

86,839,625 

47,744 

4,709,811 

206,915,850 

29,104 
8,335,427 

37,685 
51,029,421 
16,955,757 

1,879,405,186 
62,767,798 

13,346 

359,561 

5,587,006 



63,780 
3,108,172 

63, 305 

3,004,706 

186,193,184 

64,538,110 

41,628 

956,007 

28, 375, 500 

25,852,410 

45,038 

851,097 

39,548,942 

9,802,421 

3,052 

37,059 

1,402,395 

203,080 

4,781 

45,138 

882,267 

530,499 



34,145 
1,079,586 

33,659 
1,071,131 
27,513,980 

1,040 
7,210 
11,680 



Economic class 



182,157,238 
135,474,221 

134,562,159 

802,241 

95,446 

14,375 

46,585,252 

10,111,436 

3,767,626 

32,706,190 
97,765 



2,446 

4,873 

18,149 

308,937 

16,392 

136,694 

11,981 

72,686 

11,091 

490,681 

186,708 

14, 140 

1,555,867 

4,787 
114,430 



75,255 
6,902 



14,865 

122,196 
12,147,381 

10,592 

474,917 
19,072,714 

7,171 
728, 551 

9,674 
9,359,208 
2,937,870 

315,296,378 
10,111,436 

3,639 

71,090 

1,091,007 



23,392 
1,187,026 

23,352 
1,173,906 
71,883,822 
48,143,565 

15,635 

359,916 

10,942,999 

10,197,794 

15,143 

284,438 

12,879,624 

6,093,750 

596 

6,910 

262, 510 

114,925 

1,651 
16,034 
317,010 
217,946 



17,096 
637,593 

16, 991 

634,659 

16,047,174 

295 
2,020 
3,360 



23,510,625 
16,484,431 

16,368,608 

114,336 

1,487 

7,018,604 
906,096 
178,528 

5,933,980 
7,590 



106 

328 

621 

32,300 

565 

12,412 

395 

4,080 

515 

64,489 

20,454 
363 

51,477 

180 
10,157 



5,460 
2,262 



592 

15,144 
2,127,790 

536 

83,705 

3,659,709 

179 
22,318 

239 
371,823 
118,130 

25,292,158 
906,096 

143 

7,391 

105,769 



694 
119,811 

694 

117,721 

8,238,067 

6,007,995 

598 

36,501 

1,242,064 

1,177,399 

567 

24,263 

1,226,529 

500,130 

36 
1,180 
54,495 
18,355 

95 

1,844 
43,975 
36,831 



613 

69,718 

613 

69,694 

2,000,059 



77,290,120 
57,256,806 

56,838,239 

403,890 

14,552 

125 

20,004,464 

4,295,975 

1,272,833 

14,435,656 
28,850 



635 

1,010 

4,688 

113,547 

4,292 

50,117 

3,186 

25,031 

3,251 

219,172 

79, 364 

3,337 

450,150 

1,352 
36,783 



23,975 
1,470 



4,293 

47,722 

5,044,736 

3,366 

215,392 

8,890,335 

1,947 
255,588 

2,445 

3,066,770 

977,415 

129,009,193 
4,295,975 

1,076 
24,024 
381,833 



5,3'l3 
466,845 

5,343 

461,670 

29,162,260 

20,186,830 

4,442 

142,045 

4,516,480 

4,220,480 

4,256 

108,745 

5,218,035 

2,544,875 

245 

2,870 

113,345 

54,590 

476 

5,470 

113,735 

85,680 



4,733 
269,965 

4,723 

268,805 

6,990,805 

90 

695 

1,215 



51,422,061 
38,178,468 

37,957,992 

188,240 
31,236 
1,000 

13,211,018 

3,470,355 
1,344,890 

8,395,773 
32,575 



685 

1,445 

5,755 

95,100 

5,330 

44,005 

3,990 

25,815 

3,735 

142,285 

57,850 

4,465 

550,470 

1,465 
32,495 



21,770 
1,525 



5,075 

36,500 

3,221,175 

3,670 

127,250 

4,726,810 

2,575 
250,985 

3,290 
3,499,275 
1,085,565 

110,891,960 
3,470,355 

1,105 
20,325 
321,450 



7,080 
351,540 

7,080 

348,330 

20,805,025 

13,253,600 

5,305 

110,U5 

3,202,980 

2,985,445 

5,160 

88,100 

3,820,155 

1,680,780 

175 

1,955 

65,725 

28,925 

550 

4,685 

88,500 

54,265 



5,620 
188,670 

5,580 

187,665 

4,602,360 

85 
705 

1,110 



21,754,707 
16,882,884 

16,797,325 

50,800 

24,759 

10,000 

4,852,788 

1,181,010 

732,085 

2,939,693 
19,035 



515 

1,090 

4,135 

47,465 

3,685 
21,235 

2,595 
12,400 

2,145 
45,750 
20,310 

3,370 
327,920 

1,105 
23,525 



16,220 
1,120 



3,215 

16,860 

1,320,090 

1,960 

35,210 

1,339,450 

1,645 
150,085 

2,340 

1,813,165 

569,340 

40,832,343 
1,181,010 

840 

13,835 

205,065 



5,755 
168,045 

5,750 

166,395 

9,405,965 

6,193,935 

3,435 

50,785 

1,417,665 

1,307,130 

3,400 

44,905 

1,905,200 

988,235 

120 

765 

25,380 

11,510 

340 
2,685 
48,865 

27,145 



3,750 
76,850 

3,745 

76,665 

1,785,395 

25 

110 
145 



7,357,375 
6,008,342 

5,938,666 

43,350 

23,076 

3,250 

1,339,318 

245, 300 

211,370 

882,648 
9,715 



375 

735 

2,395 

17,500 

2,050 
7,585 
1,485 
4,665 
1,150 
15,655 
6,795 
2,040 
147,375 

600 
10,575 



7,250 
510 



1,420 

5,240 

391,370 

895 
11,560 
388,395 

690 

44,705 

1,120 
530,145 
164,565 

1,756,107 
245, 300 

415 

5,045 

71,615 



3,675 
70,350 

3,650 

69,585 

3,771,425 

2,249,355 

1,595 
18,215 
503,140 
456,680 

1,440 
15,560 
616,830 
329,575 

20 

140 
3,565 

1,545 

170 

1,140 

17,285 

10,985 



2,030 
29,220 

1,995 
28,835 
608,320 

70 
330 

545 



Includes milk equivalent of cream and butterfat sold. 



CASH-GRAIN FARMS 



63 



Table 2 -SUBREGION 47 -FARMS AND FARM CHARACTERISTICS FOR CASH-GRAIN FARMS, BY ECONOMIC CLASS: 

CENSUS OF 1954-Continued 

[Data are based cm reports for only a Bample of fazms. See text] 



Item 
(For definitions end explanations, see text) 



AU 

Cdnnerclal 

farms 



Econcmlc class 



SPECIFIED CROPS HARVESTED— Continued 

Red clover seed harvested farms reporting. . . 

acres. . . 
bushels harvested. . . 

Tobacco harvested^ farms reporting. . . 

acres. . . 
pounds harvested. . . 

Irish potatoes haj^ested for home use or 

for sale farms reporting. . . 

acres^. . 

bushels harvested... 

Vegetables heirvested for sale farms reporting. . . 

dollars. . . 

Land in bearing and nonbearlng fruit orchards, groves, 

vineyards, and planted nut trees farms reporting. . . 

acres. . . 

Alfalfa and alfalfa mixtureB cut for hay (and 

for dehydrating] Eicres. . . 

tons. . . 

tons sold. . . 

Clover, timothy, and mixtures of clover and grasses 
cut for hay acres. . . 

tons . . . 
tons sold. . . 

Lespedeza cut for hay acres. . . 

tons . . . 
tons sold- . . 

Oats, wheat, barley, rye, or other small grains 

cut for bay acres. . . 

tons . . . 
tons sold. . . 

Grass silage made from grasses, alfalfa, clover, 

or small grains acres . . . 

tons, green weight... 

Other hay cut acres. . . 

tons . . . 
tons sold. . . 

Nursery products sold do3J.ars . . . 

Cut flowers, potted plants, florist greens, and bedding 
plants sold dollars. . . 

Vegetables grown under glass, flower seeds, vegetable seeds, 
vegetable plants, bulbs, and mushrooms sold dollars. . . 

Farms reporting by acres of corn 
harvested for all purposes: 

Under 11 acres farms reporting. . . 

11 to 2k acres farms reporting. . . 

25 to 49 acres farms reporting. . . 

50 to 7^ acres farms reporting. . . 

75 to 99 acres farms reporting... 

100 acres and over farms reporting... 

Farms reporting by acres of wheat 
threshed or combined: 

Iftider 10 acres farms reporting. . 

10 to 2k acres farms reporting . . 

25 to 1*9 acr^s farms reporting . . 

50 to 99 acres farms reporting . . 

100 to 199 acres farms reporting.. 

200 to 299 acres farms reporting . . 

300 to lt-99 acres farms reporting.. 

500 to 999 acres farms reporting . . 

1,000 acres and over farms reporting.. 

Farms reporting by acres of soybeans 
harvested for all purposes: 

Under 25 acres farms reporting... 

£5 to U9 acres farms reporting. . . 

50 to 99 acres farms reporting... 

100 acres and over farms reporting. . . 



3,W.3 
1*9,708 

32,ll«2 

925 

it,i*86 

6,538,875 



6,224 

2,260 

657,825 

2,597 
5,771,595 



2,623 
8,361 



530,691 

1,030,731 
97,256 



599,656 
758,086 
611,830 

l,7't7 

1,737 

70 



37,051 
49,067 
l,li05 



36,515 
212,382 

11,218 

15,388 

855 

2,118,1*20 



5,7'i9,'*55 
1,422,050 



5,005 
13,985 . 
20,W*5 

12,691 
5,686 
5,968 



4,825 
23,169 
10,760 

2,571* 
281 
16 



18,006 
10,219 

4,771 
1,147 



1,403 
20,998 
13,550 

160 

541 

808,125 



1,711 

145 

40,055 

803 
802,241 



718 
1,822 



125,477 

228,852 

35,160 



198,228 

234,179 

33,395 

1,155 
995 
70 



8,412 

10,158 

135 



4,675 
24,730 

4,325 

5,430 

455 

12,750 



1,500 
125 



1,470 
5,235 
7,385 

4,625 
2,245 
2,432 



1,715 
8,785 
4,055 

978 
97 

4 



7,445 
5,491 



43 

1,133 

700 



41 

400 

43 
114,336 

18 
49 



9,987 
21,947 
6,100 



14,803 

19,509 

2,440 

200 
100 



967 

1,263 

45 



1,485 
7,395 



1,070 
1,395 



5 
15 

20 

35 

619 



5 
80 
165 

271 

72 

4 



15 

71 

201 
321 



510 
8,680 



60 

246 

382,000 



280 

48 

17,955 

250 
403,890 



135 
302 



45,610 
81,955 
13,325 



71,135 
88,570 
10,210 

495 

260 

70 



2,140 
2,830 



2,070 
10,835 

1,435 

1,770 

120 



30 

4eo 

1,770 
1,475 
1,588 



90 
1,610 
2,115 

602 
25 



655 
1,545 

2,026 
507 



495 
6,840 
4,775 

60 

196 

310, 000 



440 
20 



265 
188,240 



200 
869 



37,255 

69,020 

8,775 



64,185 
73,195 
13,035 

165 
no 



2,620 

2,735 



835 
5,075 

820 
1,100 



1,000 



35 

475 

3,420 
2,340 

615 

195 



315 
3,425 
1,475 

90 



240 

3,065 
2,065 

30 

75 
88,525 



445 

42 

11,000 

135 

50,800 



205 
342 



21,970 
39,155 

4,750 



32,765 
36,250 
5,575 



1,655 
1,970 



240 
,360 

615 

750 
180 



220 
2,275 

2,715 
430 

100 
15 



615 

2,535 

270 



1,990 
2,625 

975 
30 



2,640 
1,030 

85 



105 

1,210 

585 

5 

8 

4,500 

435 

35 

5,370 

100 
43,350 



125 
230 



9,500 
15,405 
2,040 



12, 505 

13,780 

2,030 

240 

465 



765 
950 
80 



45 
65 

225 
255 
120 

2,750 



770 

2,130 

675 

65 
20 
15 



525 

1,040 

30 



1,810 
205 



10 

70 

45 

5 

16 

23,100 



70 
465' 
10 

1,625 



35 

30 



1,155 

1,370 

170 



2,835 

2,875 

105 



265 

410 



160 

160 

35 



445 
320 
80 



165 
95 



335 

15 



^Data relate only to that part of the subregion located in Ohio, 
data for farms with less than 20 trees or grapevines. See text. 



^Doee not include acreage for farms with less than 20 bushels harvested. See text. 



^Does not include 



64 



SIZE OF OPERATION BY TYPE OF FARM 



Table 2.-SUBREGI0N 48 .-FARMS AND FARM CHARACTERISTICS FOR CASH-GRAIN FARMS, BY ECONOMIC CLASS: 

CENSUS OF 1954 

[Data are based on reports for only a saniple of farms. See text] 



Item 
(For definitions and explanations, see text) 



All 

commercial 

farms 



Economic class 



ftSlE, ACREAGE, AND VALDE 

FarBfl * number. 

Percent distribution percent . 

Laod io f arils acres . 

Percent distribution percent. 

Average size of farm acres . 

Value of land aod buiidiags: 

Average per farm dollars . 

Average per acre dollars . 

Land in faras accordiag to use: 

Cropland harvested farms reporting. 

acres. 

Percent distribution percent. 

Cropland used only for pasture..... farms reporting. 

acres . 

Croplajid not harvested and not pastured farms reporting. 

acres. 
Cropland used only for crops 

not harvested and not pastured farms reporting . 

acres . 

Cropland lying idle farms reporting . 

acres. 

Woodland pastured farms reporting. 

acres . 
Woodland not pastured farms reporting. 

acres . 
Other pasture (not cropland 
and not woodland ) farms reporting. 

acres . 
lagjroved (see text).k farms reporting. 

acres. 
Other land (house lots, roads, 
wasteland, etc.) farms reporting. 

acres . 
Cropland, total farms reporting. 

acres . 
land pastured, total farms reporting . 

acres.. 
Woodland, total farms reporting. 

acres . , 
Irrigated land in farms farms reporting . 

acres , , 

USE OF COMJERCIAl FERTIIJ2ER 

Crops OD which coaaercial fertilizer was used, 1954: 

Hay and cropland pasture farms reporting. , 

tons. . 
acres on which used.. 

Other pasture farms reporting . , 

tons. . 
acres on which used.. 

Com farms reporting. , 

1 tons . , 

acres on which used., 

Wheat ^ farms reporting . , 

tons. , 
acres on which used . , 

F^Tiits, vegetables, and potatoes farms reporting.. 

tons. , 
acres on which used . . 

Other crops farms reporting.. 

tons. , 
acres on which used . . 

RESIDENCE OF FARM OPERATOR 

Residing on farm operated operators reporting. . 

Not residing on farm operated operators reporting.. 

Operators not reporting residence number. , 

FARIE BY SIZE 

Ttoder 10 acres number. , 

10 to 29 acres number.. 

30 to 49 acres number. . 

50 to 69 acres number. . 

70 to 99 acres number . , 

100 to 139 acres number.. 

140 to 179 acres number . . 

180 to 219 acres number . . 

220 to 259 acres number . . 

260 to 499 acres number . . 

500 to 999 acres number . . 

1,000 acres and over number.. 

FARM OPERATORS BY COLOR AND TENURE 

All fara operatora: 

Owners, part owners, and managers number.. 

All tenants number. . 



All white operators: 

Owners, part owners, and managers number. . 

All tenants number. . 



Alt oonwbite operatora: 

Owners, part owners, and managers number... 

All tenants number. . . 



78, SW 



11,1.314,997 

XXX 

llt5.6 

29,638 
199.05 

71), 182 
7,61(5,331 

XXX 

1*7,051 
98lt,l453 

285,372 

6,958 
116,622 

9,679 
168,750 

32,033 
650, Sit 

28,993 
51*3,259 

23,829 

51*2,099 

3,391* 

55,673 

76,61*0 

783,669 

75,673 

8,915,156 

61*, 719 

2,177,366 

53,038 

1,191*, 073 

309 

9,121* 



13, 3U9 
38,793 
291,078 
2,289 
1*, 1*1*7 
33,913 

63,931 

319,117 

2,1*90,562 

1*1,006 
107,720 
786,995 

3,1*51 

17,996 

55.521* 

(NA) 

11.8,981 

1,309,1*35 



71*, 01*5 
3,301 
1,202 



2,205 
3,260 
5,631 

5,100 

ii*,6o6 
13,910 

12,125 

7,325 

5,275 

8,090 

921* 

97 



60,215 
18,333 



60,090 
18,313 



125 
20 



33,067 
100.0 

5,231,215 
100.0 
158.2 

32,701 

206.30 

33,067 
3,816,370 

100.0 

16,016 

281,190 

7,085 
11.6,917 

3,318 
60,261 

1*,635 
86,656 

11,517 
235,771* 

13,071. 
250,260 

8,700 

170,763 

1,022 

13,769 

32,030 

329,91*1 

33,067 

l*,2l.l*,l*77 

21*, 555 

687,727 

21,iK)3 

1.86,031. 

1.5 

1,780 



3,963 
9,732 
77,1*13 
621* 
1,271 
8,8to 

28,653 

156,869 

,213,1.89 

20,173 

58,606 

1*30, 1«33 

1,002 

3,31*8 

13,052 

(HA) 

66,921* 
619,786 



30,1*61 

2,030 
576 



60 

605 

2,360 

2,285 

6, too 
5,735 

5,225 
3,305 
2,560 
3,980 
1.99 
53 



613 
1-9 

358,956 

6.9 

585.6 

136,013 
229.98 

613 

287,669 

7.5 

31.9 

13,195 

108 

6,537 

66 

3,601 

55 

2,936 

2I.5 

15,959 

271 

11,1«1. 

200 

8,683 

62 

2,129 

586 
15,509 

613 
307, 1«1 

1.82 
37,837 

I109 

27,363 

10 

775 



177 
8M1 

5,888 

1*1. 

277 

1,310 

595 

19,990 

105,339 

531* 

6,298 

37,183 

1*2 

817 

2,087 

(HA) 

7,159 

56,566 



557 
50 
6 



21*, 239 
8,793 



15 
290 
251. 

1*9 



1.11 
202 



1.11 
202 



6,7M 
20.1. 

1,805,829 

31.. 5 
267.6 

58,276 
219.92 

6,71.8 

1,387,726 

36.1. 

1*,036 

86,780 

1,206 

36,255 

586 

15,900 

730 

20,355 

2,692 

69,850 

3,11*2 

78,726 

1,920 

51,035 

305 

1*,725 

6,61*3 

95, ''57 

6,71.8 

1,510,761 

5,602 

207,665 

1*,738 

IW, 576 

5 

90 



1,1*26 
l.,338 
32,155 
225 
498 
3,710 

6,1.62 

62,701. 

1.61*, 010 

5,503 

23,050 
169,130 

325 

1,066 

1*,525 

(HA) 

2lt,209 

217,800 



6,363 
285 
100 



25 

11*5 

895 
1,265 
1,1*10 

2,780 

220 
3 



3,992 
2,756 



3,987 
2,751 



10,211 
30.9 

l,68i*,630 

32.2 

165.0 

33,273 
203.68 

10,211 

1,21*2,015 

32.5 

5,516 

98,270 

1,906 

37,lli0 

921 

16,565 

1,215 

20,575 

3,925 
77,250 

1*,336 
77,575 

2,765 

l»9,3liO 

365 

1*,260 

10,011 

103, oi« 

10,211 

1,377,1*25 

8,01*1 

221., 860 

7,031 

15'*. 825 

5 

550 



1,185 

2.396 

21.965 

155 

236 

1,775 

9.361 

'♦3, 591 

380,51*5 

7,011 

17,968 
137,600 

310 

887 

1*,075 

(NA) 

19,977 

199,1.10 



.516 
585 
110 



115 
1,080 
2,565 

3,075 
1,615 
1,000 

71*5 
15 

1 



6,886 
3,325 



6,871 
3.325 



26.9 

933,020 

17.8 
105.1 

19,561 
188.08 

8,880 

637,005 

16.7 

3,900 

51*, 1*70 

1,890 

33,185 

925 
13,920 

1,210 
19,265 

3,050 
1*8,565 

3.225 
51,750 

2,265 

37,300 

180 

1,610 

8.585 

70,71*5 

8,880 

72i.,66o 

6,31.5 

11*0,335 

5,730 

100,315 

15 

175 



775 
l.SS* 

12,71*5 

ika 

163 

1.395 

7.590 

21,773 

188, U5 

'•,955 

8,1.26 

65,200 

190 

1.60 

1,715 

(HA) 

10,966 

103,065 



8,ll«) 
600 
ito 



10 

1*55 

985 

3.1*25 

2,31.5 

1.055 
350 
125 
130 



7.105 
1,775 



7.105 
1,775 



5.61*5 
17.1 

1«2,655 
7.7 
71.3 

12,512 

177.13 

5,61*5 
239, oi« 

6.3 

1,925 

21., 680 

1,705 

28,915 

720 
9,020 
1,225 

19,895 
1,1.1K) 

22,595 
1,830 

27,035 

1,290 

20,655 

95 

875 

5,295 

39,735 

5,61.5 

292,635 

3,515 

67,930 

3,080 

1*9,630 

10 

190 



31.5 
531* 
1*,060 
60 
97 
650 

l.,120 

8,011. 

69,21.5 
1,995 
2,661 

19,810 

85 

112 

605 

(HA) 

11,239 

39,81.5 



5,020 
185 



5 

350 

1.590 

1,070 

1.695 

620 

190 
70 
10 
35 
10 



4,965 
680 



4,965 
675 



NA Not available. ^Data relate only to that part of the subregion located in Ohio and Indiana. 



CASH-GRAIN FARMS 



65 



Table2.-SUBREGI0N 48.-FARMS AND FARM CHARACTKRISTICS FOR CASH-GRAIN FARMS, BY ECONOMIC CLASS: 

CENSUS OF 1954-Continued 

[Data are based on reports for onl^ a sample of farms. See text] 



Item 
(For defimtions and explanations, see text) 



commercial 
farms 



Economic class 



FARM OPERATORS BY AGE 

Under 23 years operators reporting . 

25 to 34 years operators reporting . 

35 to 44 years operators reporting . 

45 to 54 years operators reporting. 

55 to 64 years operators reporting . 

65 years and over operators reporting. 

OFF-FARM WORX AND OTHER INCOME 

Fora operators — 

With other income of family exceeding value of farm 

products sold operators reporting. 

Working off their farms, by days 

worked, total operators reporting. 

None operators reporting. 

1 to 99 days operators reporting. 

100 to 199 days operators reporting . 

200 days or more operators reporting. 

FARKE BY CLASS OF WORX POWER 

No tractor, horses, or mules farms reporting. 

No tractor and only 1 horse or mule farms reporting. 

No tractor and 2 or more horses and/or mules farms reporting. 

Tractor and horses and/ or mules farms reporting . 

Tractor and no horses or mules farms reporting. 

SPECIFIED FACILITIES AND EQUIPMENT 

Telephone farms reporting. 

Electricity farms reporting. 

Television set farms reporting. 

Piped running water farms reporting. 

Home freezer farms reporting. 

Electric pig brooder farms reporting. 

Power feed grinder farms reporting. 

Miking machine farms reporting . 

Grain combines farms reporting. 

number . 
Com pickers farms reporting. 

number . 
Pick-up hay balers farms reporting. 

number . 
Field forage harvesters farms reporting. 

number . 
Jfotortrucks farms reporting. 

number . 
Tractors farms reporting. 

number . 
Wheel tractors other than garden farms reporting. 

number . 
Garden tractors farms reporting. 

number , 
Crawler tractors farms reporting. 

number . 
Automobiles farms reporting. 

number . 

FARM LABOR 

Week of Sept. 26-Oct. 2 and/or Oet. 24-30: 

Family and/or hired workers farms reporting. 

persons . 

Family workers, including operator farms reporting. 

Operators working 1 hour or more persons . 

1 to iA hours persons . 

15 hours or more persons. 

Unpaid members of operator's family farms reporting. 

persons . 

Hired workers farms reporting. 

persons. 
Regular workers (to be employed 

150 days or more) farms reporting. 

persons . 
Seasonal workers (to be employed 

less than 150 days ) farms reporting. 

persons . 

SPECIFIED FARM EXPENDITURES 

Specified farm expenditures^ farms reporting . 

Machine hire and/or hired labor farms reporting. 

Machine hire farms reporting. 

dollars . 

Hired labor farms reporting. 

dollars . 

$1 to $499 farms reporting. 

$500 to $999 farms reporting. 

$1,000 to $2,499 farms reporting. 

$2,500 to $4,999 farms reporting. 

$5,000 and over farms reporting. 

Feed for livestock and poultry farms reporting . 

dollars. 

Gasoline and other petroleum fuel and oil farms reporting. 

dollars. 
Commercial fertilizer and 

fertilizing material farms reporting. 

dollars . 

tons. 

acres on which used. 

Lime and liming material farms reporting. 

dollars. 

tons. 

acres on which used. 



1,591 
11,389 
18,332 
16,956 
16,109 
12,826 



11,97't 

31,188 
1*3,71*2 
l'i,33'* 
4,390 
12,1.61. 



7,700 

295 

1,350 

6,733 

62,1.70 



59,038 
76,568 
1.8,037 
6k, 370 
1.2,369 
5,527 
17,007 
29,308 

1.1,720 

1.2,712 

1.1,261 

1.1,837 

15,651 

15,722 

It, 370 

".,415 

3'.,to5 

38,726 

70,118 

131, W«3 

68,858 

n't, 555 

14,780 

15,067 

1,601 

1,818 

71,998 

93,918 



73,321 
138,318 
72,832 
71,436 
15,560 
55,876 
30,751 
45,003 
10,771 
21,879 

3,949 
6,338 

7,655 
15,541 



78,302 

60,792 

52,270 

11,047,039 

36,587 

20,658,236 

28,176 

3,772 

3,122 

1,039 

478 

66,051 
81,879,191 

71,152 
32,091,978 

69,359 

36,614,852 

638,860 

4,996,402 

18,127 

2,335,160 

747,433 

390,432 



5,323 
7,967 
6,944 
6,560 
4,776 



5,803 

14,638 
16,987 
6,235 
2,094 
6,309 



2,345 

75 

195 

2,186 

28,266 



23,946 
32, 342 
21,262 
26,046 
16,758 
1,262 
5,079 
8,387 

19,837 
20,429 

19,231 

19,531 

5,169 

5,209 

1,082 

1,105 

14,556 

16,249 

30,652 

57,829 

30,397 

50,981 

5,909 

5.975 

795 

873 

30,830 

39,588 



30,271 
53,122 
30,092 
29,551 
6,986 
22,565 
11,220 
16,447 
4,106 
7,124 

1,226 
1,560 

3,148 
5,564 



32,962 

25,734 

22,399 

4,640,569 

14,279 

5,823,185 

11,350 

1,507 

1,053 

282 

87 

24,044 
16,268,529 

31,157 
14,572,807 

30,824 

16,932,891 

299,095 

2,380,699 

7,172 

960,748 

315,066 

162, 592 



140 
217 
99 
95 
45 



161 
445 
139 



86 
527 



544 
613 
504 
597 
494 
52 
217 
197 

608 
742 
608 
677 
254 
259 
87 
100 

558 
941 
613 
2,433 
613 

2,102 
218 
219 
94 
112 
601 

1,167 



607 

:,103 
593 

577 

101 

476 
289 
561 
373 
965 

283 
467 

171 
498 



613 
565 

396 
231,144 
525 
1,516,135 
78 
77 
183 
127 
60 

475 

912,134 

603 

1,052,827 

610 

2,133,806 

35,387 

209,049 

265 

107,185 

41,348 

16,655 



190 

1,577 

2,100 

1,540 

940 

321 



130 

2,122 

4,396 

1,766 

171 

185 



10 

495 
6,013 



5,497 

6,703 
5,067 
5,978 
4,438 
540 
1,841 
2,855 

5,818 

6,070 

5,707 

5,858 

1,975 

1,990 

565 

565 

4,562 

5,201 

6,538 

16,186 

6,503 

14,325 

1,501 

1,531 

320 

330 

6,598 

8,904 



6,483 
13,950 
6,438 
6,358 
1,060 
5,298 
3,090 
4,770 
1,547 
2,822 

562 
682 

1,126 
2,140 



6,733 

5,463 

4,332 

1,188,725 

4,233 

2,339,085 

2,847 

640 

595 

130 

21 

5,593 
6,068,955 

6,598 
5,175,940 

6,653 

6,646,115 

116,544 

904,230 

2,022 

336,523 

112,543 

53,292 



330 
1,661 
2,525 
2,340 
2,115 
1,110 



810 

3,865 
5,901 
2,170 
660 
1,035 



45 

540 

9,136 



7,790 
10,111 

6,691 
8,236 
5,436 
400 
1,666 
3,240 

7,366 

7,532 

7,206 

7,271 

1,930 

1,935 

270 

270 

4,801 

5,197 

9,731 

18,815 

9,656 

16,759 

1,850 

1,865 

161 

191 

9,776 

12,357 



9,641 
16,889 
9,591 
9,1»31 
1,635 
7,796 
3,696 
5,446 
1,301 
2,012 



306 



1,046 
1,706 



10, 2U 

7,906 

6,701 

1,489,475 

4,991 

1,294,995 

4,160 

590 

220 

20 



8,101 
5,759,020 

9,891 
4,810,440 

9,876 

4,808,115 

85,994 

749,265 

2,295 

277,180 

88,335 

46,340 



210 
1,195 
1,790 
1,800 
2,105 
1,640 



2,370 

4,675 
3,820 
1,385 
800 
2,490 



630 

20 

40 

585 

7,605 



6,070 
8,625 
5,335 
6,720 
4,090 
190 
960 
1,515 

4,385 

4,415 

4,195 

4,210 

805 

820 

115 

115 

2,975 

3,155 

8,230 

12,905 

8,185 

11,355 

1,390 

1,400 

135 

150 

8,160 

10,180 



7,960 

12,445 

7,910 

7,745 

1,990 

5,755 

2,750 

3,720 

635 

980 

70 



580 
900 



8,870 

6,830 

6,235 

1,130,015 

3,045 

520,035 

2,825 

170 

40 

5 

5 

6,115 
2,528,030 

8,315 
2,527,720 

8,265 

2,375,585 

43,768 

372,680 

1,610 

167,085 

49,490 

27,970 



155 
690 
1,275 
1,060 
1,070 
1,200 



2,490 

3,560 

1,795 

520 

455 

2,585 



750 
30 
50 

415 

4,400 



3,550 

5,405 

3,275 

3,960 

2,060 

65 

370 

540 

1,550 

1,560 

1,440 

1,440 

180 

180 

45 

55 

1,530 

1,615 

4,870 

6,720 

4,800 

5,755 

880 

890 

70 

75 

l.,955 

6,165 



4,760 
6,710 
4,740 
4,625 
1,855 
2,770 
l,24o 
1,765 
230 
320 

25 
25 

205 
295 



5,580 

4,300 

4,105 

544,915 

1,340 

142,385 

1,295 

30 

15 



3,275 
923,240 

5,025 
921,020 

4,770 

889,005 

15,956 

134,340 

905 

67,685 

21,555 

12,530 



^Excludes farms reporting expenditures for coimnercial fertilizer and lime. 



66 



SIZE OF OPERATION BY TYPE OF FARM 



Table2— SUBREGION 48 —FARMS AND FARM CHARACTERISTICS FOR CASH-GRAIN FARMS, BY ECONOMIC CLASS: 

CENSUS OF 1954-Continued 

[Data are based on reports for only a 8aji^)le of famiB, See text] 



Item 
(For definitions and explanations. 



text) 



All 

commercial 

farms 



Economic class 



ESTmiTED VALUE OF FARM PRODDCIS SOU) (see text) 

All farm products sold dollars. . . 

All crops sold dollars... 

Field crops, other than vegetables 
and fruits and nuts, sold dollars. . . 

Vegetables sold dollars. . . 

Fruits and nuts sold dollars... 

Horticultural specialties sold dollars . . . 

All Livestock and livestock products sold. .. .dollars. . . 

Dairy products sold dollars . . . 

Poultry and poultry products sold dollars. . . 

Idvestock and livestock products, other 

than dairy and poiiltry, sold dollars . . . 

Forest products sold dollars . . . 

LTVESTCCK AND LIVESTOCK PRQDDCTS 

Liveatock on hand: 

Hsrses and mules farms reporting — 

number . . . 

All cattle and calves farms reporting... 

number . . . 
Cows, including helTers that 

have calved farms reporting... 

number . . . 

Milk cows farms reporting... 

number . . . 

All hogs and pigs farms reporting . . . 

number . . . 

Bom before June 1 number . . . 

Chickens 4 months old and over. .. .farms reporting... 

number . . . 

Sheep, total farms reporting. . . 

number. . . 
Number 1 year and over: 

Ewes number. . . 

Roma and wethers number. . . 

Liveetock and livestock products sold; 

Cattle and calves sold alive farms reporting... 

number. . . 
dollars . . . 

Hogs and pigs sold alive farms reporting... 

number. . . 
dollars. . . 

Chickens sold farms reporting. . . 

dollars. . . 

Chicken eggs sold farms reporting. . . 

dozens. . . 
dollars . . . 

Hilk sold^ pounds. . . 

dollars. . . 

Sheep sold forms reporting. . . 

number. . . 
dollars. . . 

SPECIFIED CROPS HARVESTED 

Com for all purposes farms reporting... 

acres. . . 

Com harvested for grain farms reporting. . . 

acres. . . 

bushels harvested. . . 

bushels sold. . . 

Winter wheat threshed or combined. ... farms reporting... 

acres. . . 

bushels harvested. . . 

bushels sold. . . 

Oats threshed or combined farms reporting. . . 

acres. . . 

bushels harvested. . . 

bushels sold. . . 

Barley threshed or combined farms reporting. . . 

acres. . . 

bushels harvested... 

bushels sold. . . 

Wye threshed or combined farms reporting. . . 

acres. . . 

bushels harvested. . . 

bushels sold. . . 

Soybeans harvested for 

all purposes farms reporting. . . 

acres. . . 

Soybeans harvested for beans farms reporting... 

acres. . . 
bushels harvested... 

Irish potatoes harvested for home use 

or for aale farms reporting... 

acres . . 
bushels harvested. . . 



581,592,965 

2811,028,529 

268,58l,li21» 

7,197,821 

3,lt86,12lt 

4,763,160 

296,972,691 

82,088,393 

"•7,875, llt9 

167,009,1119 
591,7'i5 



8,378 

21,078 

62,805 

1,279,779 

56,6911 

535,3911 

50,336 

Il31,llll2 

110,778 

1,8113,626 

643,896 

52,258 

10,31113,098 

16,402 
630, 480 

357,964 
18,031 



56,288 

616, 325 

70,086,841 

4o,44o 

2,088,646 

88,086,711 

34,147 
13,261,373 

43,566 
90,476,469 
29,569,778 

2,537,015,385 
82,088,393 

14,263 

413,665 

6,688,610 



70,831 
2,711,730 

70,455 

2,596,839 

160,404,574 

80,266,694 

56,474 

1,077,294 

29,715,844 

26,335,256 

57,257 

1,037,385 

43,092,010 

13,185,455 

1»,399 

38,229 

1,408,791 

332,511a 

4,879 

40,923 
762,973 
437,143 



40,568 
1,206,709 

40,162 
1,197,799 
29,777,397 



10,097 

8,168 

3,125,937 



233,328,985 

183,133,225 

181,487,143 

1,358,878 

271,204 

16,000 

50,061,155 

15,372,503 

8,117,886 

26,570,766 
134,605 



2,456 

4,951 

22,720 

3U,66l 

20, 076 
139,446 

17,U3 
103,553 

11,932 
359,278 
131,310 

19,486 
2,869,498 

6,124 
187,545 

114,885 
5,533 



18,098 

123,629 

11,066,378 

11,201 

336,420 

13,309,098 

10,884 
1,498,015 

15,144 
20,662,569 
6,465,466 

1*99,693,963 
15,372,503 

5,019 

103,115 

1,569,372 



32,151 
1,340,221 

32,111 

1,323,585 

82,111,424 

60,700,366 

26,913 

571,877 

15,796,629 

14,450,979 

24,294 

443,095 

18,579,224 

9,649,299 

1,360 
11,851 
429,555 
196,875 

2,318 
22,962 

419,445 
264,915 



25,161 
894,043 

25,056 

889, 523 

22,120,620 



3,204 

581 

153,007 



21,890,541 
18,299,175 

17,913,593 

31*9,633 

34,949 

1,000 

3,583,116 
612,873 
322,577 

2,647,666 
8,250 



86 
211 

452 
20,351 

389 
7,248 

272 
2,655 

321 
28,621 

10,058 

338 
76,438 

128 
9,390 

5,732 
246 



440 

9,532 

1,352,693 

330 

28,680 
1,184,708 

236 
70,601 

276 
791,084 
251,726 

19,106,079 
612,873 

113 

4,689 

77,706 



613 
109,21b 

613 

107,780 

7,707,429 

6,185,586 

599 

1*3,957 

1,371,064 

1,306,139 

512 

24,985 

1,215,004 

819, 4o4 

35 

621 

24,775 

12,190 

106 

3,152 

55,950 

45,420 



592 
76,913 

592 

76,713 

2,162,565 



19 

42 

12,742 



94,576,570 
73,1*25,450 

72,835,547 

546,625 

40,778 

2,500 

21,127,070 

6,727,290 

2,626,567 

11,773,213 

24,050 



515 

950 

5,332 

112,511 

4,881 

1*9,035 

4,140 

35,91*5 

3,226 

146,402 

54,222 

4,122 

783, 470 

1,591 

64,170 

36,443 
1,677 



4,877 

47,040 

4,658,650 

3,311 

154,885 

6,311,860 

2,692 
480,712 

3,417 
6,412,405 
2,026,340 

208,584,567 
6,727,290 

1,346 

36,711 

582,681 



6,717 
1193,385 

6,717 

486,170 

32,381,900 

24,717,345 

6,208 

201,515 

5,835,590 

5,424,420 

5,881 

153,690 

7,092,720 

3,695,370 

440 

4,085 

165,225 

73,125 

621 



164,910 
113,365 



6,088 
31*3,390 

6,083 

342,630 

9,044,220 



1*35 

282 

85,910 



72,739,059 
56,004,435 

55,580,931 

333.715 

87,289 

2,500 

16,683,154 

5,576,760 

3,094,097 

8,012,297 
51,470 



595 

1,230 

7,661 

104,204 

6,966 

49, 303 

6,081 

39,028 

4,145 

119, 445 

43,390 

6,481 

1,038,180 

2,110 
64,955 

39,975 
1,980 



6,581 

41,572 

3,259,665 

3,995 

102,965 

4,017,765 

3,971 
557,332 

5,426 
8,016,000 
2,523,010 

184,855,199 
5,576,760 

1,755 

34,605 

523,905 



10,081 
424,080 

10,061 

418,855 

25,233,375 

18,170,545 

9,046 

188,940 

5,098,065 

4,625,315 

8,411 

153,100 

6,315,815 

3,153,615 

555 

4,680 

161,830 

71,235 

651 

5,145 

91,040 

"•5,585 



8,556 
281,605 

8,511 

280,435 

6,805,005 



895 

130 

27,070 



32,844,969 
26,099,735 

25,935,269 

92,180 
62,286 

10,000 
6, 707, 91*9 
1,939, '•75 
1,555,800 

3,212,674 
37,285 



645 

1,365 

5,790 

53,025 

5,040 
24,175 

4,245 
18,550 

2,820 
49,170 
17,825 

5,125 
666, 335 

1,530 
35,305 

23,255 
1,195 



4,360 

19,005 

1,405,725 

2,455 

38,400 

1,410,275 

2,580 
263,140 

3,810 
4,187,745 
1,276,320 

68,862,576 
1,939,1*75 

1,220 
19,71*5 
281,620 



8,665 
219,l4o 

8,660 

217,325 

12,151,425 

8,480,155 

6,980 

97, 400 

2,507,160 

2,237,615 

6,105 

78,780 

2,913,705 

l,l*61^i370 

205 
1,690 
54,785 
32,685 

570 

4,380 

67,420 

40,545 



6,535 

142,130 

6,510 
140,280 

3,121,430 



1,015 

77 
16,215 



10,509,558 
8,633,524 

8,56l,u6 
3l^,525 
37,883 

1,862,734 
1*96,745 
1*79,655 

886,334 
13,300 



495 

960 

3,035 

19,635 

2,425 
8,780 
2,080 
6,760 
1,250 
14,700 
5,315 
2,910 
269,810 

690 

12,875 

8,835 
405 



1,740 

6,240 

376,545 

1,035 
10,955 
367,625 

1,240 
116,885 

1,965 

1,153,900 

358,710 

17,530,654 
496,745 

525 
6,905 
98,330 



5,225 
85,730 

5,220 

85,030 

4,250,050 

2,910,895 

3,640 

36,600 

902,170 

791,805 

3,055 

30,120 

969,555 

484,735 

110 

685 

20,365 

5,940 

315 
2,040 
33,825 
15,370 



3,040 
45,880 

3,015 

45,460 
923,965 



695 

40 

9,340 



^Includes milk equivalent of cream and butterfat sold. ^Does not include acreage for farms with less than 20 bushels harvested. See text. 



CASH-GRAIN FARMS 



67 



Table2— SUBREGION 48 -FARMS AND FARM CHARACTERISTICS FOR CASH-GRAIN FARMS, BY ECONOMIC CLASS: 

CENSUS OF 1954-Conlinued 

[Data are based cin reports for onl^ a sample of fauns. See text] 



Item 
(For definitions and explanations, see text) 



All 

ctjsnerclal 

fartDS 



Econcnlc class 



SPECIFIED CROPS HARVESTED— Continued 

Vegetables harvested for sale farms reporting. 

dollars. 

Land in bearing and nonbearing fruit orchards, groves, 

vineyards, and planted nut trees^ farms reporting. 

acres. 

Alfalfa and alfalfa mixtures cut for hay (and 

for dehydrating) acres. 

tons, 
tons sold. 

Clover, timothy, and mixtures of clover and grasses 

cut for hay acres. 

tons, 
tone sold. 

Lespedeza cut for hay^ acres. 

tons, 
tons sold. 

Oats, wheat, barley, rye, or other small grains 

cut for hay acres. 

tons. 

tons sold. 

Wild hey cut^ acres . 

tons, 
tons sold. 

Grass silage made from grasses, alfalfa, clover, 

or small grains acres. 

tons, green weight. 

Other hay cut acres. 

tona. 
tons sold. 

Nursery products sold dollars. 

Cut flowers, potted plants, florist greens, and bedding 
plants sold dollars. 

Vegetables grown under glass, flower seeds, vegetable seeds, 
vegetable plants, bulbs, and mushrooms sold dollars. 

Farms reporting by acres of com 
harvested for all purposes: 

Under 11 acres farms reporting. 

11 to 2U acres farms reporting . 

23 to 49 acres farms reporting. 

30 to 7^ acres farms reporting. 

75 to 99 acres farms reporting. 

100 acres and over farms reporting. 

Farms reporting by acres of winter wheat 
threshed or combined: 

Under 10 acres farms reporting. 

10 to 2k acres farms reporting. 

25 to 49 acres farms reporting. 

30 to 99 acres farms reporting. 

100 to 199 acres fani:s reporting. 

200 to 299 acres farms reporting. 

300 to 499 acres farms reporting. 

500 to 999 acres farms reporting. 

1,000 acres and over farms reporting. 

Farms reporting by acres of soybeans 
harvested for all purposes : 

Under 23 acres farms reporting. 

25 to U9 acres farms reporting. 

30 to 99 acres farms reporting. 

100 acres and over farms reporting. 



3,263 
7,197,821 



3,802 
17,976 



729,156 

,480,238 
212,015 



370,966 

726,119 

79,620 

215 
225 



5,845 

8,490 

130 

290 
395 



45,285 
253,311 

12,516 

15,276 

1,380 

1,016,800 



2,444,845 
1,301,515 



6,995 
21,005 
25,436 

10,296 
3,938 
3,161 



11,540 
31,649 
11, 094 

1,958 
211 
12 



22,394 
11,616 

5,439 
1,099 



1,049 
,338,878 



1,052 
1,958 



215,567 
424,585 
108,878 



243,216 

285,892 

49,640 

150 

130 



1,575 
2,155 



5,917 
33, 350 

4,351 

4,936 

630 

7,500 
8,500 



2,710 
8,880 
11,335 

5,095 
2,205 
1,926 



4,670 

14,361 

6,438 

1,266 

164 

9 



11,235 
8,365 

4,381 



49 
349,633 



37 
153 



12,422 
31,520 
15,113 



9,643 

13,877 

3,220 



327 
1,270 

431 
571 
300 

1,000 



20 
70 
508 



51 
177 

246 

m 

9 



43 
225 
322 



310 
546,625 



203 

272 



76,975 

164,850 

43,950 



73,873 
92,440 
17,910 



145 
355 



3,820 
22,075 

895 

885 

60 

2,500 



5 

70 
1,425 

2,380 
1,380 
1,257 



133 
2,033 
3,181 

820 
37 



715 

2,140 

2,671 

562 



300 
333,715 



290 
773 



71,855 

138,500 

31,690 



90,440 

101, 363 

16,795 



545 

870 



1,525 
8,090 

1,360 

1,525 

130 

2,500 



30 

1,410 

5,700 

2,300 
500 
141 



705 
5,670 
2,485 

180 
6 



3,U5 

3,960 

1,400 

81 



235 
92,180 



310 
500 



38,720 
65,420 
14,080 



48,180 
55,280 
8,835 

150 

150 



425 
400 



70 
355 

1,190 

1,425 

75 

1,500 
8,500 



530 
4,265 
3,425 

360 
50 
15 



1,695 

4,725 
535 

15 
10 



4,480 

1,785 

255 

15 



130 

34,525 



170 
200 



14,280 

22,640 

3,860 



19,315 

20,755 

2,795 



305 



175 
,360 

390 

470 
65 



1,550 

2,880 

730 

35 
5 
5 



1,840 

1,735 

60 



2,600 
410 



25 
2,200 



40 
60 



1,315 

1,655 

185 



1,765 

1,975 

65 



105 
110 



85 
80 



575 

250 

25 



295 

145 



325 
25 



^Does not include data for farms with less than 20 trees or grapevines, 
relate only to that part of the subregion located in Michigan. 



^Data relate only that part of the subregion located in Ohio and Indiana, 



^Data 



68 



SIZE OF OPERATION BY TYPE OF FARM 



Table 2.-SUBREGI0N 49 .-FARMS AND FARM CHARACTERISTICS FOR CASH-GRAIN FARMS, BY ECONOMIC CLASS: 

CENSUS OF 1954 

[Data are based on reports for only a sainple of farms. See text] 



(For definitions and explanations^ see text) 



All 

iTTimprpiBl 

farms 



Economic class 



FAME, ACREAGE, AND VALDE 

Faraa number. 

Percent distribution percent . 

Laod in tmraa acres. 

Percent distribution percent. 

Average size of farm acres . . 

Valae of land and buildioga: 

Average per farm dollars . , 

Average per acre dollars . 

Land io faras according to uae: 

Cropland harvested farms reporting . . 

acres . , 

Percent distribution percent. , 

Cropland used only for pasture.. farms reporting. , 

acres . . 

Cropland not harvested and not pastured farms reporting., 

acres. . 
Cropland used only for crops 

not harvested and not pastured farms reporting. . 

acres. . 

Cropland lying idle farms reporting. . 

acres. , 

Woodland pastured farms reporting. . 

acres. . 
Woodland not pastured farms reporting. . 

acres. . 
Other pasture (not cropland 
and not woodland ) farms reporting . . 

acres.. 
In^jroved (see text). farms reporting. . 

acres.. 
Other land (house lots, roads, 
wasteland, etc.) farms reporting.. 

acres . . 
Cropland, total farms reporting. , 

acres . . 
Land pastured, total farms reporting. . 

acres . . 
Woodland, total farms reporting.. 

acres . . 
Irrigated land iji farms farms reporting.. 

acres.. 

USE OF CQKMEHCIAL FERTILIZER 

Cropa on vhich connercial fertilizer was naeil, 1954: 

Hay and cropland pasture.. farms reporting. . 

tons. . 
acres on which used.. 

Other pasture farms reporting. . 

tons. . 
acres on which used.. 

Com farms reporting. . 

tons. . 
acres on which used.. 

OatB^ farms reporting. . 

tons. . 
acres on which used.. 

F^niits, vegetables, and potatoes farms reporting.. 

tons. . 
acres on which used.. 

Other crops farms reporting. . 

tons. . 
acres on which used.. 

RESIDENCE OF FARM OPERATOR 

Residing on farm operated operators reporting . . 

Not residing on farm operated operators reporting. . 

Operators not reporting residence number. . 

FAHIE BY SIZE 

Under 10 acres number., 

10 to 29 acres number. . 

30 to A9 acres number. . 

50 to 69 acres number.. 

70 to 99 acres number.. 

100 to 139 acres number . . 

lAO to 179 acres number . . 

180 to 219 acres number . . 

220 to 239 acres number . , 

260 to 499 acres number . . 

500 to 999 acres number . . 

1,000 acres and over number. . 

FARM OPERATORS BY COLOR AND TENURE 

All farn operatora: 

Owners, part owners, and managers number. . 

All tenants number . . 

All white operatora; 

Owners, part owners, and managers number. . 

All tenants number. , 

All nonwbite operatora: 

Owners, part owners, and managers number. 

All tenants number. 



1*9,169 



6,793,651* 

XXX 

138.2 

22,206 
160.19 

'•7,781 
3,96'*, lU 

XXX 

30,511 
759,050 

17,860 
361,885 

8,611 

1140,607 

11,866 

221,278 

18,695 
1180,608 

17, 352 
31*3,893 

11,1*55 

326,731 

1,1*95 

21,663 

1*8,059 

557,373 

'•8,357 

5,085,01*9 

38,009 

1,566,389 

31,553 

821*, 501 

281 

9,892 



8,793 

23,6110 

186,669 

51*3 

1,066 

8,763 

311,507 
87,770 

81*9,261* 
31,183 
59,206 

55'i,0'*9 

'•,3'*7 

23,623 

75,693 

(BA) 

12'*, 6'*'* 

966,589 



1*6,670 

1,763 

736 



l,lii6 

1,585 

1*,075 

3,500 

10,275 

9,1*75 

7,100 

li,'*75 

2,770 

'1,235 

I186 

1*7 



1*3,851* 
5,315 



1*3,771* 
5,305 



15,781* 
100.0 

2,062,221 

100.0 

130.7 

22,1*71 
171*. 37 

15,781* 

1,353,763 

100.0 

6,800 

121*, 581 

6,31*8 

139,852 

3,lliO 
57,616 

li,l81i 
82,236 

i*,ii50 
102,202 

5,931 
111,1*28 

2,675 

62,21*1 

305 

2,875 

15,389 

168,151* 

15,781* 

1,618,196 

9,575 

289,021* 

9,361* 

213,630 

5 

250 



2,176 

5,233 

1*2,777 

55 

151 

1,050 

10,977 
30,003 

273,651* 
9,'i't3 
16,808 

160,035 

908 
2,21*2 

12,711 

(NA) 

55,720 

1*85,651* 



l'*,6l6 
878 
290 



55 
325 
1,590 
1,1*20 
3,835 
3,075 

2,195 
1,260 

805 
1,095 

U8 
U 



13,83'* 
1,950 



13,811* 
1,91*5 



156 
1.0 

7i*,oo8 

3.6 

1*71*. 1* 

98,211* 
222.72 

156 

60,1*69 

'••5 

'•3 

1,878 

36 

1,382 

1'* 
796 

28 
586 

5'* 
1,562 

99 
3,291 

20 
861 



156 

11,565 

156 

63,729 

82 

'*,301 

112 

'*,853 

5 

250 



51 

201* 

1,792 



13'. 

1,952 

13,1138 

98 

ISk 

3,990 



1*21 

1,086 

(NA) 

11,089 

28,989 



11*8 
8 



5 
5 

100 

32 
9 



132 
2I1 



132 
21i 



1,662 
10.5 

1*21., 768 
20.6 
255.6 

Ii8,761i 
191.23 

1,662 

310,185 

22.9 

896 

23,li53 

I156 

111,360 

261 
8,1*1*0 

21*5 
5,920 

531 
18,115 

756 
18,767 

290 

11,570 

35 

280 

1,61.2 

28,318 

1,662 

31*7,998 

1,112 

53,138 

1,121 

36,882 



1*70 
1,1*80 
11,825 

10 

25 

11*5 

1,1*77 
8,262 

70,095 
1,220 
3,602 

31., 760 

105 

61*0 

3,1*25 

(KA) 

15,718 

12l*,956 



1,537 
95 
30 



5 

5 

25 

155 

235 
310 
305 
560 

61 

1 



1,337 

325 



1,337 
325 



3,1*10 
21.6 

561,21*5 

27.2 

161*.6 

28,1*21* 
175.21* 

3,1*10 

390,780 

28.9 

1,780 

32,1*20 
1,195 

28,000 

620 
12,260 

7110 
15,7110 

1,060 
26,670 

l,'i55 
28,915 

595 

15,080 

80 

9I15 

3,355 
39,380 

3,1110 
1*51,200 

2,310 
711,170 

2,21iO 
55,585 



670 

1,586 

12,395 

10 

llO 

360 

2,785 
8,oli3 

78,1.15 
2,555 
5,11*8 

1*9,525 

250 

522 

3,350 

(NA) 

15,770 

11*6,010 



3,195 

11*5 
70 



30 

35 

1.60 

870 

830 
565 
295 
310 
15 



2,845 
565 



2,81*0 
565 



I*, 675 
29.6 

537,920 
26.1 
115.1 

18,311* 
165.31* 

1*,675 

31*5,070 

25.5 

1,960 

34,5110 

1,870 

41,555 

970 

17,815 

1,220 

23,740 

1,375 
26,340 

1,640 
27,825 

750 

15,515 

90 

945 

4,535 
47,075 

4,675 
421,165 

2,790 
76,395 

2,710 
54,165 



580 

1,365 

10,700 

35 

86 

545 

3,245 
6,944 

65,180 
2,890 
4,528 

43,285 

225 

305 

2,570 

(NA) 

12,052 

114,580 



4,290 
315 
70 



10 

240 

385 

1,580 

1,190 

745 
255 
170 
95 
5 



4,130 

545 



4,130 
545 



4,715 
29.9 

389,100 
18.9 
82.5 

12,840 
159.50 

4,715 

212,625 

15.7 

1,700 

25,935 

2,220 

43,615 

995 

14,530 

1,565 

29,085 

1,165 
23,820 

1,645 
26,340 

815 

16,420 

70 

525 

4,575 
40,345 

4,715 
282, 175 

2,635 
66,175 

2,615 
50,160 



350 

538 

5,450 



2,865 
4,350 

41,995 
2,280 
2,656 

24,805 

265 

306 

2,120 

(KA) 

7,011 

61,895 



4,355 
270 
90 



5 
165 
975 
820 
,535 
690 

355 

110 

30 

25 

5 



4,285 
430 



4,275 
430 



NA Not available. 



^,Data relate only to that part of the subrcglon located in Michigan. 



CASH-GRAIN FARMS 



69 



Table 2.-SUBREGI0N 49 -FARMS AND FARM CHARACTERISTICS FOR CASH-GRAIN FARMS, BY ECONOMIC CLASS: 

CENSUS OF 1954-Conlinued 

[Data are based on reports for only a san^jle of farms. See text] 



(For definitions and explanationsj see text) 



All 

conmercial 

farms 



Economic class 



FARM OPERATORS BY AGE 

Under 25 years operators reporting. 

25 to 3^ years operators reporting. 

35 to 44 years operators reporting. 

'i5 to 5i years operators reporting. 

55 to ty4 years operators reporting. 

65 years and over operators reporting. 

OFF-FARM WORK AND OTHER INCOME 

FoTH operators — 

With other income of family exceeding value of farm 

products sold pperatore reporting. 

Working off their farms, by days 

worked, total operators reporting. 

None operators reporting. 

1 to 99 days operators reporting. 

100 to 199 days operators reporting. 

200 days or more operators reporting. 

FAHJB BY CLASS OF WORK POWER 

No tractor, horses, or mules farms reporting. 

No tractor and only 1 horse or mule farms reporting. 

No tractor and 2 or more horses and/or moles farms reporting. 

Tractor and horses and/or mules farms reporting. 

Tractor and no horses or mules farms reporting. 

SPECIFIED FACILITIES AND EQUIPMENT 

Telephone farms reporting. 

Electricity farms reporting. 

Television set farms reporting. 

Piped running water farms reporting. 

Home f reeaer farms reporting . 

Electric pig brooder farms reporting. 

Power feed grinder farms reporting. 

Milking machine farms reporting. 

Grain combines farms reporting. 

nujnber . 
Com pickers farms reporting. 

number. 
Pick-up hay balers farms reporting. 

number . 
Field forage harvesters farms reporting. 

number . 
U] tor trucks farms reporting. 

number . 
Tractors farms reporting. 

number . 
Wheel tractors other than garden farms reporting. 

number . 
Garden tractors farms reporting. 

number . 
Crawler tractors farms reporting. 

number . 
Automobiles farms reporting. 

number . 

FARM LABOR 

Week of Sept. 26-Oct. 2 aod/or Oct. 24-30: 

Family and/ or hired workers farms reporting. 

persons . 

Family workers, including operator farms reporting. 

Operators working 1 hour or more persons . 

1 to 14 hours persons . 

15 hours or more persons . 

Unpaid members of operator's family farms reporting. 

persons . 

Hired workers farms reporting. 

persons . 
Regular workers (to be employed 

150 days or more ) farms reporting. 

persons. 
Seasonal workers (to be employed 

less than 150 days) farms reporting. 

persons. 

SPECIFIED FARM EXPENDITURES 

^ecif led farm expenditures^ farms reporting. . . 

Machine hire and/or hired labor farms reporting. . . 

Machine hire farms reporting . . . 

dollars . . . 

Hired labor farms reporting. . . 

dollars. . . 

$1 to $499 farms reporting... 

$500 to $999 farms reporting . . . 

$1,000 to $2,499 farms reporting... 

$2,500 to $4,999 farms reporting... 

$5,000 and over farms reporting. . . 

Feed for livestock and poultry farms reporting. . . 

dollars. . . 

Gasoline and other petroleum fuel and oil farms reporting... 

dollars. . . 
Commercial fertilizer and 

fertilizing material farms reporting . . . 

dollars . . . 

tons. .. 

acres en which used... 

Lime and liming material farms reporting... 

dollars. .. 

tone . . . 

acres on which used... 



971 

6,320 

10,800 

11,020 

10,367 



9,501 

20,303 
27,197 
8,061i 
2,713 
9,526 



3,293 
181 
570 

5,617 
39,508 



3*, 887 
l48,6lt5 
30,917 
112,555 
23,821 
1,782 
8,976 
22,396 

2lt,79l» 

25,521 

12,558 

12,679 

9,2l<8 

9,305 

5,025 

5,095 

25,61.6 

29,732 

1(5,682 

82,922 

45,085 

73,857 

7,681i 

7,9111 

1,032 

l,12li 

114,739 

58,976 



1|6,117 
97,133 
45,736 
114,913 

7,984 
36,929 
20,482 
30,273 

8,753 
21,947 

3,963 
5,982 

5,751 
15,965 



49,029 

40,015 

34,665 

7,964,603 

23,753 

17,701,374 

16,744 

2,851 

2,609 

971 

578 

37,814 
29,651,369 

45,675 
18,446,177 

43,782 

18,220,827 

322,703 

2,655,061 

3,852 

488,576 

112,316 

73,296 



475 
2,249 
3,467 
3,441 
3,153 
2,653 



4,063 

7,621 
7,573 
2,468 
960 
4,193 



865 

36 

110 

1,338 

13,435 



10,464 
15,594 

9,791 
13,224 

7,179 
306 

2,069 

3,841 

8,747 

9,107 

4,134 

4,162 

1,955 

1,977 

680 

715 

7,749 

9,052 

14,858 

25,929 

14,763 

23,383 

2,263 

2,293 

239 

253 

14, 543 

18, 519 



14,444 

26,304 

14,348 

14, 102 

3,216 

10,886 

5,531 

8,064 

2,038 

4,138 

5?4 

1,659 

3,454 



15,739 
12,621 

11,244 

2,536,476 

6,766 

2,582,276 

5,447 

728 

422 

128 

41 

9,517 

4,001,357 

14,924 

5,599,374 

14,678 

6,329,895 

111,035 

980,680 

839 

113,334 

25,987 

17,790 



50 

106 

38 

5 

7 



18 
137 



131 
156 
123 
156 
127 
6 



155 

215 

117 

130 

55 

57 

55 

80 

l4l 

301 

155 

646 

155 

546 

37 

37 

54 

63 

155 

404 



156 
8l4 
155 
154 
29 
125 

100 

198 

112 
462 

69 
139 

68 
323 



156 

150 

104 

67,481 

140 

435,901 

11 

18 

47 

38 

26 

101 

89,747 

156 

258,674 

155 

389,525 

7,136 

49,023 

19 

6,534 

1,447 

1,660 



75 
316 
475 
410 
256 

95 



101 



521 
1,111 
345 
70 
106 



155 
1,467 



1,322 

1,657 

1,237 

1,602 

1,047 

80 

470 

845 

1,407 

1,542 

867 

877 

465 

465 

240 

245 

1,297 

1,705 

1,622 

4,216 

1,622 

3,846 

325 

330 

40 

40 

1,627 

2,487 



1,607 
4,029 
1,597 
1,572 

192 
1,380 

851 
1,376 

476 
1,081 

255 

305 

301 
776 



1,662 

1,396 

1,135 

463,070 

1,106 

894,210 

546 

250 

235 

70 

5 

1,201 

960,990 

1,607 

1,248,200 

1,637 

1,761,075 

30,018 

247,411 

135 

28,175 

6,535 

3,450 



110 
605 
795 
765 
745 
325 



355 



1,460 

1,890 

855 

190 

415 



5 

275 

3,070 



2,430 
3,410 
2,185 
3,045 
1,765 
90 
595 
1,420 

2,565 

2,660 

1,365 

1,370 

565 

565 

205 

205 

2,105 

2,365 

3,345 

6,795 

3,345 

6,135 

560 

585 

70 

75 

3,295 

4,200 



3,250 

6,045 

3,240 

3,200 

540 

2,660 

1,405 

2,04o 

455 

805 

80 
100 

395 
705 



3,410 

2,790 

2,385 

659,100 

1,800 

549,080 

1,495 

215 

80 

5 

5 

2,480 
1,248,805 

3,340 
1,661,470 

3,350 

1,857,495 

31,466 

292,075 

155 

16,220 

4,325 

2,630 



120 
600 
1,005 
1,110 
930 
815 



1,325 

2,470 

2,010 

630 

385 

1,455 



15 

350 

4,085 



2,960 

4,595 

2,780 

3,835 

2,050 

50 

570 

970 

2,770 

2,820 

1,115 

1,115 

525 

545 

120 

120 

2,050 

2,340 

4,465 

7,060 

4,430 

6,390 

635 

635 

35 

35 

4,330 

5,300 



4,205 
7,380 
4,155 
4,075 

860 
3,215 
1,580 
2,190 

545 
1,115 

65 
75 

495 
l,04o 



4,670 

3,690 

3,280 

714,235 

1,980 

424,050 

1.755 

180 

35 

10 



2,850 
1,073,200 

4,485 
1,396,000 

4,425 

1,399,320 

25,419 

236,260 

275 

40,175 

9,365 

6,310 



^Excludes farms reporting expenditures for commercial fertilizer and lime 



135 
665 
1,045 
970 
925 
860 



2,275 

2,920 

1,595 

400 

310 

2,210 



370 

10 

55 

440 

3,840 



3,050 

4,645 

2,910 

3,805 

1,830 

80 

335 

490 

1,630 

1,640 

605 

605 

305 

305 

55 

60 

1,825 

1,990 

4,325 

6,030 

4,280 

5,420 

585 

585 

25 

25 

4,245 

5,125 



4,215 
6,535 
4,190 
4,100 
1,245 
2,855 
1,330 
1,850 
375 
585 

40 
45 

340 
540 



4,710 

3,755 

3,535 

545,560 

1,480 

235,410 

1,405 

45 

20 

5 
5 

2,355 
532,890 

4,350 
873,785 

4,220 

817,670 

14,962 

137,365 

2K) 

20,595 

3,895 

3,215 



30 
50 
95 
145 
261 
550 



200 
861 
200 



180 
15 
35 

100 



5fl 
1,131 

556 
781 
360 

55 
65 

220 

230 

65 

65 

40 

40 

5 

5 

331 

351 

946 

1,182 

931 

1,046 

121 

121 

15 

15 

891 

1,003 



1,011 

1,501 

1,011 

1,001 

350 

651 

265 

410 

75 

90 

15 



60 

70 



1,131 

840 

805 

87,030 

260 

43,625 

235 

20 

5 



530 

95,725 

986 

161,245 

891 

104,810 

2,034 

18,546 

45 

1,635 

420 

525 



70 



SIZE OF OPERATION BY TYPE OF FARM 



Table 2.-SUBREGI0N 49— FARMS AND FARM CHARACTERISTICS FOR CASH-GRAIN FARMS, BY ECONOMIC CLASS: 

CENSUS OF 1954-Continued 

[Data are based csn reports for only a sas^le of farms. See text] 



Item 


All 

coianerclal 

fanufl 


Economic class 


(For definitions apd explanations, see text) 


Total 


Class I 


Class II 


Class III 


Class IV 


Claae V 


Class VI 


ESTIMATED VALUE OF FARM PRODDCTS SOU) (see text) 


















All farm products sold dollars... 


284,230,646 


76,588,743 


4,999,385 


22,537,519 


23,269,120 


16,570,125 


8,324,539 


888,055 




134,195,670 

U5, 157,440 

8,705,535 

4,150,815 

6,181,880 

149,281,996 

83,047,901 

17,687,996 

48,546,099 
752,980 


61,623,007 

60,776,313 

702,885 

133,559 

10,250 

14,910,901 

6,772,120 

2,482,343 

5,656,438 
54,835 


4,432,768 

4,310,441 

121,480 

847 

566,467 

212,700 

33,758 

320,009 
150 


17,977,180 

17,670,268 

266,965 

39,947 

4,551,U4 

2,378,185 

487,635 

1,685,294 
9,225 


17,976,788 

17,787,918 

161,675 

25,695 

1,500 

5,274,232 

2,552,100 

907,180 

1,814,952 
18,100 


13,441,757 

13,327,413 

81,295 

28,049 

5,000 

3,114,583 

1,248,575 

712,750 

1,153,258 
13,785 


7,020,443 

6,924,041 
63,790 
29,112 
3,500 
1,291,896 
356,245 
305,235 

630,416 
12,200 


774,071 


Field crops, other than vegetables 


756,232 




7,680 




9,909 




250 


All livestock and livestock products sold. dollars... 


112,609 
24,315 


Poultry and poultry products sold dollars... 

livestock and livestock products, other 


35,785 
52,509 




1,375 


LIVESTOCK AND LIVESTOCK HttDDCTS 




LiTesteck ob kiud: 


6,368 

13,198 

37,640 

870,190 

34,827 
411,278 

32,774 
377,287 

15,364 
339,612 
137,058 

31,000 
4,581,484 


1,484 

3,060 

8,985 

123,693 

7,837 
53,906 

7,018 
46,735 

3,880 
52,076 
20,543 

9,017 
1,073,330 


19 

125 

108 

3,438 

91 

1,063 

83 

905 

54 

2,293 

688 

70 

15,055 


165 

280 

1,121 

28,937 

1,020 

12,915 

955 

11,450 

446 

12,078 

5,690 

916 

164,000 


280 

525 

2,315 

39,670 

2,085 

18,120 

1,910 

15,840 

965 

14,410 

5,230 

2,170 

325,655 


365 

820 

2,610 

29,985 

2,265 
12,945 

2,060 
U,555 

1,195 
13,785 

5,175 

2,705 
321,110 


505 

965 

2,320 

17,760 

1,985 
7,365 
1,680 
5,900 
1,015 
8,605 
3,395 
2,510 
205,435 


150 


nujnber. .. 


345 
511 


number... 
Cows, Including hfilfera that 


3,903 
391 




1,498 
330 


number. .. 

All hogs and pigs farms reporting... 

number... 


1,085 
205 
905 
365 


number . . . 


646 
42,075 


Sbeep, total farms reporting. . . 

number. . . 


4,091 
258,775 


787 
35,025 


2 
360 


120 
8,005 


180 
9,120 


275 
10,995 


190 
6,085 


20 
460 


Dumber 1 year and over: 


141,612 
7,528 


17,842 
1,618 


122 
8 


3,800 
450 


4,215 
210 


5,905 
690 


3,490 
240 


310 




20 


Livestock and livestock products sold: 

Cattle and calves sold alive farms reporting... 

number — 
dollare. . . 


34,279 

367,856 

31,296,994 


6,813 
46,362 

3,743,425 


83 

1,941 

209,455 


1,055 

12,826 

1,128,465 


2,080 

15,435 

1,245,360 


1,91a 

9,605 

721,505 


1,440 

5,850 

401,850 


245 

705 

36,790 


Hogs and pigs sold alive farms reporting... 

number. . . 
dollars . . . 


12,491 

364,130 

14,178,550 


2,658 

44,206 

1,538,739 


38 

2,498 

104,597 


365 
12,988 
465,217 


740 
12,125 
474,265 


820 
10,385 
324,215 


625 

5,700 

157,370 


70 

510 

13,075 




14,243 
3,631,291 


3,413 
444,123 


42 
4,578 


500 
85,365 


1,020 
163,675 


1,025 
122,305 


670 
59,830 


156 


dollars. . . 


8,370 


Chicken eggs sold farms reporting. . . 

dozens. . . 
dollars.. . 


21,189 
30,806,665 
11,500,699 


5,578 
5,672,810 
2,014,745 


53 
81,420 
29,180 


700 

1,093,170 

399,605 


1,585 

2,092,310 

731,750 


1,670 

1,645,950 

586,350 


1,295 
694,130 
243,120 


275 
65,830 
24,740 


Milk sold^ pounds... 

dollars. . . 


2,467,773,841 
83,047,901 


222,742,464 
6,772,120 


6,556,914 
212,700 


71,424,514 
2,378,185 


83,830,410 

2,552,100 


45,669,128 
1,248,575 


14,267,539 
356,245 


993,959 
24,315 




3,698 

138,474 

2,231,020 


658 
18,823 
268,168 


3 
263 

4,728 


100 

4,280 

65,705 


160 

4,810 

72,830 


225 

5,985 

72,200 


150 

3,375 

51,405 


20 


number. . . 
dollars — 


110 

1,300 


SPECIFIED CHOPS HAHVESTED 




















41,065 
984,581 


13,031 
310,827 


143 
14,476 


1,547 
74,705 


3,015 
87,720 


3,905 

76,185 


3,660 
50,575 


761 


acres. . . 


7,166 


Com harvested for grain farms reporting. . . 

bushels harvested. . . 
bushels sold. . . 


39,347 

793,537 

37,873,835 

17,158,541 


12,611 

289,052 

14,733,715 

10,888,565 


143 
13,726 
839,000 

713,135 


1,492 

68,555 

4,000,890 

2,930,295 


2,940 

81,475 

4,158,610 

3,163,440 


3,755 

71,500 

3,420,140 

2,518,515 


3,545 

47,170 

2,066,670 

1,437,345 


736 

6,626 

248,405 
125,835 


Winter wheat threshed or combined. .. .farms reporting... 

acres. . . 

bushels harvested — 

bushels sold.. . 


36,505 

616,399 

18,845,086 

16,621,180 


13,853 

269,763 

8,432,335 

7,771,400 


150 
12,308 
432,915 
415,871 


1,612 

58,337 

2,019,405 

1,919,495 


3,265 

74,760 

2,329,780 

2,157,830 


4,190 

70,390 

2,104,095 

1,904,715 


3,810 

45,870 

1,341,765 

1,208,240 


826 

8,098 

204,375 

165,249 




36,591 

630,376 

26,102,216 

7,023,940 


11,354 

182,100 

7,498,340 

3,989,595 


, i^3 

4,835 

264,130 

164,350 


1,346 

36,425 

1,745,885 

953,235 


2,830 

53,400 

2,276,895 

1,125,435 


3,480 

51,450 

1,952,390 

1,077,390 


2,990 

30,730 

1,091,715 

589,575 


595 


acres. . . 

bushels harvested — 

bushels sold. . . 


167^325 
79,610 


Barley threshed or combined farms reporting — 

acres. . . 

bushels sold. . . 


2,549 
24,289 
753,955 
275,230 


829 

8,178 

262,610 

168,465 


29 

678 

25,730 

18,400 


170 

2,295 

79,380 

51,315 


260 
2,480 

79,740 
47,050 


230 
1,880 
54,625 
37,465 


125 

730 

20,885 

12,555 


15 

115 

2,250 

1,680 




2,294 

18,681 

352,637 

223,003 


774 

6,872 

133,382 

98,850 


3 

28 
560 

440 


101 

999 

23,612 

19,940 


195 
1,930 
38,360 
31,580 


180 

1,275 

28,150 

19,775 


255 

2,345 

39,125 

24,815 


40 


acres... 

bushels harvested — 

bushels sold. . . 


295 
3.575 
2,300 


all purposes famm reporting... 

acres. . . 


5,298 
112,446 


3,296 
83,276 


55 
6,806 


386 
19,260 


850 
23,270 


1,035 

21,180 


845 
11,250 


125 
1,510 


Soybeans harvested for beans fama reporting... 

acres. . . 
bushels harvested. . . 


4,982 

109, 590 

2,267,860 


3,151 

81,972 

1,731,490 


55 

6,792 

198,275 


361 
19,035 
434,785 


850 
23,240 

507,495 


1,015 
21,285 
399,950 


770 

10,420 

174, 540 


100 
1,200 

16,445 


Soybeans cut for hay farms reporting. . . 

acres.. . 
tons harvested. . . 


115 

755 

1,110 


35 
335 

445 




10 
120 
240 




5 

10 
20 


20 
205 

185 





Includes milk equivalent of cream and butterfat sold. 



CASH-GRAIN FARMS 



71 



Table 2.-SUBREGI0N 49 -FARMS AND FARM CHARACTERISTICS FOR CASH-GRAIN FARMS, BY ECONOMIC CLASS: 

CENSUS OF 1954-Conlinued 
[Data axe based on reporta for aaly a sajiqile of fams. See text] 



(For definitions and explanations, see text) 



All 
cannerclal 

fSXfflS 



Economic class 



SPECIFIED CROPS HARVESIED— Continued 

Red clover seed harvested farms reporting... 

acres. . . 
btishels harvested. . . 

Sugar beets harvested for sugar^ farms reporting... 

acres. . ■ 
tons harvested. . . 

Irish potatoes harvested for hooie use 

or for sale farms reporting... 

acres*. . 
bushels harvested. . . 

Vegetables harvested for sale farms reporting... 

dollars . . . 

Laud in bearing and nonbearlng fruit orchards, groves, 

vineyards, and planted nut trees^ farzns reporting. . . 

acres. . . 

Alfalfa and alfalfa mixtures cut for hay (and 

for dehydrating ) acres .. . 

tone . . . 
tons sold. . . 

Clover, tijnothy, and mixtures of clover and grasses 

cut for hay acres. . . 

tons . . . 
tons sold. . . 

Oats, wheat, barley, rye, or other small grains 

cut for hay acres. . . 

tons. . . 
tons sold. . . 

Wild hay cut^ acres.. . 

tons . . . 
tons sold. . . 

Grass silage made from grasses, alfalfa, clover, 

or small grains acres .. . 

tons, green weight... 

Other hay cut acres. . . 

tons . . . 
tons sold. . . 

Nursery products sold dollars. . . 

Cut flowers, potted plants, florist greens, and bedding 
plants sold dollars. .. 

Vegetables grown under glass, flower seeds, 
vegetable seeds, vegetable plants, bulbs, 
and mushrooms sold dollars . . . 



Farms reporting by acres of com 
harvested for all purposes ; 

Itoder 11 acres farms reporting. 

11 to 2it acres farms reporting. 

25 to ^9 acres farms reporting. 

50 to ^k acres faims reporting. 

75 to 99 acres farms reporting. 

100 acres and over _ farms reporting. 

Farms reporting by acres of winter wheat 
threshed or combined: 

Under 10 acres fanns reporting., 

10 to 2U acres farms reporting. , 

25 to 1+9 acres farms reporting.. 

50 to 99 acres farms reporting.. 

100 to 199 acres farms reporting. . 

200 to 299 acres farms reporting.. 

300 to 1+99 acres fanns reporting.. 

500 to 999 acres farms reporting. . 

1,000 acres and over farms reporting.. 

Farms reporting by acres of soybeans 
harvested for h1 1 purposes ; 

Under 25 acres farms reporting.. 

25 to U9 acres farms reporting.. 

50 to 99 acres farms reporting.. 

100 acres and over farms reporting.. 



5,297 
68,582 
74,972 

3,288 

58,li85 

682,139 



8,827 

22,237 

5,164,058 

'•,330 
8,705,535 



3,858 
23,573 



609, 30it 

1,090,305 

107,9112 



322,i>86 
■165,272 
ii6,520 



2,900 

3,330 

1*5 

2,665 
3,280 
1,040 



26,262 
155,405 

5,815 

7,000 

995 

2,500,305 
2,106,520 

1,575,055 



lJ-,711 
14,991 
10,223 

2,757 
814 
569 



10,191 

19,702 

5,581 



3,987 
831 



392 



1,747 
23,187 
24,225 

1,036 
16,211 
196,739 



2,517 

1,382 

201,238 



702,885 



1,021 

2,190 



118,280 

200,006 

39,314 



74,875 

105,872 

22,160 



595 
555 
45 

330 
345 



1,298 
7,717 

1,790 

2,110 

650 



5,000 



4,036 
4,725 
2,916 

791 
316 
247 



2,811 
7,741 
2,660 

579 
51 



2,236 
675 

303 
82 



22 
607 
590 

50 
1,997 
29,479 



21 

190 

50,358 

23 
121,480 



2,730 

6,911 

2,529 



1,025 

1,522 

170 



178 
1,197 



79 
30 
5 



265 
4,350 
4,985 

411 

8,294 

100,870 



145 

224 

24,385 

l4o 
266,965 



100 

512 



24,475 
48,240 
10,840 



10,950 

16,770 

3,045 



60 
60 



25 

100 



570 

3,735 

770 
890 
575 



170 
315 
435 

300 
205 
122 



40 
451 
750 

355 
16 



13 
31 



130 
95 

UO 
51 



445 
6,725 
8,290 

380 
4,435 
52,595 



530 

337 

55,075 

245 
161,675 



200 
304 



34,320 
58,990 
9,860 



20,140 

28,915 
6,800 



420 
1,585 



65 

60 



560 
865 
,145 

350 
60 
35 



265 
1,845 
1,045 



475 
250 

125 



560 
7,180 
6,480 

155 

1,255 
12,155 



855 

266 

37,035 

225 
81,295 



310 

512 



32,860 
51,400 
10,335 



20,720 
30,150 
7,105 



95 

80 
20 

100 
100 



130 
1,200 

405 
685 

15 



5,000 



1,060 

1,765 

955 

100 
10 

15 



670 

2,815 

665 

35 
5 



735 
250 



435 
4,130 
3,785 

40 

230 

1,640 



785 

316 

29,775 

220 
63,790 



310 
601 



20,300 

29,260 

5,460 



17,975 

23,900 

4,710 



425 
385 



155 
115 



440 
380 
60 

3,500 



1,725 

1,540 

345 



1,385 

2,265 

155 



770 
70 



20 

195 

95 



181 

49 

4,610 

45 
7,680 



95 

248 



3,595 

5,205 

290 



4,065 

4,615 

330 



50 
30 



110 
95 



521 
220 
20 



451 

355 

20 



^Data relate only to that part of the subregion located in Michigan, 
include data for farms with less than 20 trees or grapevines. See text. 



'Does not include acreage for farms irtth leas than 20 bushels harvested. See text. 'Does not 



72 



SIZE OF OPERATION BY TYPE OF FARM 



Table 2.-SUBREGI0N 51.-FARMS AND FARM CHARACTERISTICS FOR CASH-GRAIN FARMS, BY ECONOMIC CLASS: 

CENSUS OF 1954 

[Data are based on reports for onlj a sangjle of farms. See text] 



(For definitions and explanations, see text) 



FARIC, ACR£AIIE, AND VALUE 

Paras • number. . . 

Percent distribution percent. ., 

Land in fans "cres . . 

Percent distribution percent. . 

Average size of farm acres . . 

Value of land and buildings: 

Average per farm dollars.. 

Average per acre dollars . . 

Land in faras according to use: 

Cropland harvested farms reporting. . 

acres . . 

Percent distribution percent. . 

Cropland used onl^ for pasture farms reporting . . 

acres . . 

Cropland not harvested and not pastured farms reporting.. 

acres. . 
Cropland used only for crops not 

harvested and not pastured farms reporting.. 

acres . . 

Cropland lying idle farms reporting.. 

acres . . 

Woodland pastured farms reporting.. 

acres . . 
Itoodland not pastured farms reporting. . 

acres. . 
Other pasture (not cropland 
and not woodland ) farms reporting. . 

acres . . 
Improved (see text).v farms reporting.. 

acres . . 
Other land (house lots, roads, 
wasteland, etc.) farms reporting.. 

acres. . 
Cropland, total farms reporting . . 

acres. . 
land pastured, total farms reporting. . 

acres . . 
Woodland, total farms reporting.. 

acres. . 
Irrigated land in farms farms reporting. . 

acres . . 

USE OF CQkMEHClAl FERTILIZER 

Crops on vbicb connercial fertilizer was nsej, 19S4: 

Hay and cropland pasture farms reporting. . 

tons. . 
acres on which used.. 

Other pasture farms reporting.. 

tons. . 
acres on which used.. 

Com^, farms reporting. . 

tons. . 
acres on which used . . 

Wheat farms reporting . . 

tons. . 
acres on which used . . 

Fruits, vegetables, and potatoes farms reporting.. 

tons. . 
acres on which used.. 

Other crops farms reporting.. 

tons. . 
acres on which used . . 

RESIDENCE OF FARM OPERATOR 

Residing on farm operated operators reporting.. 

Not residing on farm operated operators reporting . . 

Operators not reporting residence number. . 

FARIB BY SIZE 

Under 10 acres number.. 

10 to 29 acres number.. 

30 to A9 acres number.. 

50 to 69 acres number . . 

70 to 99 acres number . . 

100 to 139 acres number.. 

140 to 179 acres number.. 

180 to 219 acres number.. 

220 to 259 acres number.. 

260 to 499 acres number. . 

500 to 999 acres number.. 

1,000 acres and over number.. 

FARM OPERATORS BY COLOR AND TENURE 

All fara operators: 

Owners, part owners, and managers number. . 

All tenants number . . 

Croppers^ .number. . 

All white operators: 

Owners, part owners, and managers number.. 

All tenants number. , 

Croppers^ number. . 

All ooovfaite operatora: 

Owners, part owners, and managers number. 

All tenants, number. 

Croppers .number. , 



All 

conmercial 

farms 



27,0911 



"•,773,867 

XXX 

176.2 

22,8111 
128.69 

25,629 
2, 817, 762 

XXX 

17, 103 

615,895 

6,625 

185, 081* 

2,893 
75,li27 

ii,ii35 

109,657 

9,202 

273,359 

9,005 

300,512 

7,761 

2149, llt6 

1,772 

■15,522 

25,694 

332,109 

26,2511 

3,6l8,7'il 

22,932 

l,138,iiOO 

15,369 

573,871 

UO 

3,080 



It, 142 
13,765 
?7,269 

1,056 

2,812 

18,1127 

21, 652 
125,790 

1,078,029 

10,53it 

35,667 

293,978 

563 
1,682 
9,767 

(NA) 

25,1105 
189,063 



25, 1112 

l,li60 

ll92 



aw 

1,320 
2,051 
1,973 
3,557 
4,191 

3,268 
2,681 
1,875 
4,218 
970 
149 



21,878 
5,216 

473 



21,761 
5,171 

453 



117 
45 
20 



Economic class 



11,276 
100.0 

2,426,491 
100.0 
215.2 

28,414 

131.78 

11,276 
1,632,227 

100.0 

5,923 

173,230 

3,348 

111,401 

1,493 
48,118 

2,231 
63,285 

3,166 
106,448 

3,966 
149,751 

3,031 

90,865 

586 

12,428 

10,700 

162,571 

11,276 

1,916,858 

8,711 

370,541 

6,037 

256, 199 

27 

1,730 



1,075 

3,328 

22,346 

337 

752 

4,427 

9,530 
65,321 
591,073 

5,554 
21,277 

182,760 

112 

282 

1,732 

(NA) 

11, 562 

95,803 



10,090 

914 
272 



5 
215 
585 

720 
1,445 
1,576 

1,335 
1,280 

995 
2,415 

615 
90 



8,538 

2,738 

55 



8,481 

2,733 

55 



57 
5 



306 
2.7 

246,860 
10.2 
806. 7 

107,781 
131.75 

306 

176, 263 

10.8 

169 

15,556 

95 

9,738 

59 
5,823 

47 
3,915 

65 

5,709 

120 

17,228 

Ul 
7,685 

20 
563 

289 
14,681 

306 
201,557 

238 
28,950 

153 

22,937 

7 

650 



45 

448 

2,639 

7 

32 

145 

264 
7,837 
60,386 
199 
2,578 
21,946 

2 

25 

37 

(NA) 

1,511 

10,723 



255 

40 
11 



50 
190 
66 



204 
102 

5 



202 

102 

5 



1,969 
17.5 

743,295 

30.6 

377.5 

54,910 
147.97 

1,969 

536,722 

32.9 

1,116 

43,976 

640 

29,120 
549 

14,895 

361 

14,225 

602 

35,114 

544 

22,398 

151 

4,380 

1,906 
46,894 

1,969 
609,818 

1,558 
95,445 

1,099 

64,185 

10 

1,000 



259 

1,205 

6,895 

99 

263 
1,630 

1,796 

22,607 

195,535 

1,334 

8,091 

67,456 

35 

122 

645 

(NA) 

3,855 
27,473 



1,788 

151 

30 



5 
15 

30 

145 

245 

1,170 

540 

19 



1,310 
659 

10 



1,305 

654 



3,147 
27.9 

737,450 

30.4 

234.3 

30,764 
132.89 

5,147 

504,527 

30.9 

1,782 

53,092 

926 

28,592 

485 
14,385 

546 
14,207 

1,002 

36,068 
1,192 

46, 650 

910 

23,680 

190 

3,405 

3,006 
44,841 

3,147 
586,211 

2,577 
112,840 

1,842 

82,718 
5 

40 



355 
950 

6,900 
116 
316 

1,667 

2,817 

19,265 

177,667 

1,946 

6,442 

57,123 

35 

52 

590 

(NA) 

3,395 

31,312 



:,851 

240 

56 



15 
40 
535 
560 
720 
500 
920 
55 



2,151 

996 

15 



2,141 
996 
15 



2,643 

23.4 

407,726 
16.8 

154.3 

18,199 
116.62 

2,643 

255,020 

15.6 

1,401 

34,651 

766 

22,129 

305 

7,400 

546 

14,729 

726 

17, 550 

1,037 

31,409 

736 

19,155 

115 

2,190 

2,513 
28,032 

2,645 
311,800 

2,087 
71,136 

1,502 
48,739 



201 

527 

2,747 

50 

71 
410 

2,508 
9,557 

93,990 
1,180 
2,794 

24,730 

10 

25 

150 

(NA) 

1,842 

18,175 



2,311 

262 

70 



5 

5 

30 

160 

505 

71i 

475 
525 
200 
200 
25 



2,117 
526 



2,107 

526 

10 



2,390 

21.2 

251,645 

9.5 

96.9 

10,210 
108.96 

2,590 

153,575 

8.2 

1,095 

18,925 

680 

15,485 

225 

4,205 

550 

11,280 

565 
14,765 

715 
14,740 

525 

12,650 

75 

1,530 

2,255 

21,525 

2,390 

167,985 

1,660 

46, 320 

1,100 

29,505 

5 

40 



180 

335 

2,590 

60 

60 

560 

1,800 
4,995 

52,005 

790 

1,242 

10,510 

50 

58 

510 

(NA) 

795 
7,U5 



2,120 
190 

80 



85 
325 
400 
740 
435 
230 
60 
45 
65 
5 



2,015 
375 
15 



1,995 
375 
15 



NA Not available. 



iData relate only to that nnrt of the subreglon located In Indiana and Illinois. 



'Data relate only to that part. of the subreglon located In Kentucljy. 



CASH-GRAIN FARMS 



73 



Table 2.-SUBREGI0N 51.-FARMS AND FARM CHARACTERISTICS FOR CASH-GRAIN FARMS, BY ECONOMIC CLASS: 

CENSUS OF 1954-Continued 

[Data are based on reports for only a san^ile of farms. See text] 



(For definitions and explanations, see text) 



All 

CQnsnerclal 

fnrms 



Economic class 



FARU OPERATORS Br AOE 

Dhder 25 years operators reporting. . 

25 to 34 years operators reporting . . 

35 to 44 years operators reporting.. 

45 to W years operators reporting.. 

55 to 64 years operators reporting.. 

65 years and over operators reporting. . 

OFF-FARM WORK AND OTHER INCOME 

FarH operator*— 

With other income of family exceeding value of farm 

products sold operators reporting.. 

Working off their farms, by days 

worked, total operators reporting. . 

None operators reporting.. 

1 to 99 days operators reporting.. 

100 to 199 days operators reporting. . 

200 days or more operators reporting. . 

FARMS BY CLASS OF WORK POWER 

No tractor, horses, or mules farms reporting. ■ 

No tractor and only 1 horse or male farms reporting.. 

No tractor and 2 or more horses and/or mules farms reporting.. 

Tractor and horses and/or mules farms reporting.. 

Tractor and no horses or mules farms reporting.. 

SPECIFIED FACIUTIES AND EQUIPMENT 

Telephone farms reporting. . 

Electricity farms reporting. . 

Television set farms reporting.. 

Piped running water farms reporting.. 

Home freezer farms reporting.. 

Electric pig brooder farms reporting.. 

Power feed grinder farms reporting. . 

Milking machine farms reporting.. 

Grain combines farms reporting . . 

number . . 
Com pickers farms reporting . . 

number . . 
Pick-up hay balers farms reporting. . 

number . . 
Field forage harvesters farms reporting.. 

number . . 
Itotortrucks farms reporting. . 

number . . 
Tractors farms reporting. . 

number . . 
Wheel tractors other than garden farms reporting . . 

number . . 
Garden tractors farms reporting.. 

number . . 
Crawler tractors farms reporting . . 

number . . 
Automobiles farms reporting. . 

number . . 

FARM UiBOR 

Week of Sept. 26-Oct. 2 and/or Oct. 24-30: 

Family and/or hired workers farms reporting.. 

persons . . 

Family workers, including operator farms reporting.. 

C^erators working 1 hoiir or more persons . , 

1 to 14 hours persons . . 

15 hours or more persons . . 

Unpaid members of operator's family farms reporting.. 

persons . . 

Hired workers farms reporting.. 

persons . , 
Regular workers (to be employed 

150 days or more ) farms reporting. . 

persons . . 
Seasonal workers (to be employed 

less than 150 days) farms reporting. . 

persons . , 

SPECIFIED FARM EXPENDITURES 

Specified farm expenditures' farms reporting.. 

Machine hire and/or hired labor farms reporting . , 

Machine hire farms reporting., 

dollars . . 

Hired labor farms reporting . . 

dollars . . 

$1 to $499 farms reporting., 

$500 to $999 farms reporting. , 

$1,000 to $2,499 farms reporting., 

$2,500 to $4,999 farms reporting., 

$5,000 and over farms reporting. 

Feed for livestock and poultry farms reporting. , 

dollars . 

Gasoline and other petroleum fuel and oil farms reporting. 

dollars. 
Commercial fertilizer and 

fertilizing material farms reporting. 

dollars . 

tons. 

acres on which used. 

lime and liming material farms reporting . 

dollars . 

tons. 

acres on which used. 



361 
3,3^9 
5,635 
6,3^8 
5,99't 
5,030- 



3,669 

9,575 

16,721 
ii,966 
1,37'' 
3,235 



2,965 

320 

l,ltl7 

6,807 

15,585 



17,720 
26,071 
10,958 
16,308 
12,037 
1,171 
5, "151 
2,300 

10,861* 
11, 252 
13,89^1 
111,256 
3,21(6 
3,252 

1,01(1 

1,072 
15,2113 

17,226 

22, 672 

39,3iiii 

22,357 

35, 316 

3, '178 

3,529 

ii73 

499 

21,760 

26,175 



211,982 
116,563 
211,652 
2ll,261i 

'1,893 
19,571 

9,333 
13,0411 

5,322 

9,255 

1,979 
2,902 

3,906 
6,353 



27,019 

20,8117 

16,394 

3,697,155 

111,328 

7,8ii5,559 

10,829 

1,4110 

1,355 

534 

170 

22, 610 
24,395,735 

23,313 
11,640,565 

23,173 

11, 508, 100 

206, 902 

1, 689, 048 
9,845 

1,512,7'! 3 
441, 178 
216,851 



161 
1,757 
2,739 
2,630 
2,115 
1,725 



1,611 

'1,395 
6,482 
2,299 
681 
1,415 



753 
35 

226 
2,141 
8,121 



7,196 

10,840 
5,146 
6,893 
5,267 

325 
2,038 

647 

6,279 
6,566 

7,279 
7,539 
1,204 
1,204 

298 

309 

6,888 

7,985 

10,287 

19,390 

10, 257 

17,569 

1,569 

1,575 

241 

246 

9,505 

U,496 



10,369 

19,250 

10,208 

10,050 

1,900 

8,150 

3,704 

5,198 

2,548 

4,002 

852 
1,202 

1,897 

2,800 



11,261 

8,680 

6,656 

1, 607, 140 

5, 89'' 

3,169,939 

4,260 

707 

637 

249 

41 

8j490 

5,552,710 

10,439 

6,264,129 

9,929 

6,004,241 

103,558 

902,551 

3,995 

667, 001 

192,681 

95,518 



41 
237 
28 
1 
12 



1 

88 

207 



216 
301 

204 

273 

211 

32 

11 

264 

374 

293 

423 

94 

94 

50 

50 

301 

599 

300 

1,983 

295 

1,156 

84 

84 

43 

43 

294 

633 



291 

1,093 

269 

266 

43 
223 

114 
179 
240 
648 

158 
356 

141 
292 



301 
280 
152 
85,690 
275 
717,882 

37 
39 
92 
74 
33 

261 
554,637 

301 
664,016 

266 

767,804 

12,466 

96,416 

104 

46,387 

13,562 

6,852 



20 
442 
533 
518 
329 
101 



563 
,345 
401 
45 
117 



404 
1,53'! 



1,502 

1,934 

1,189 

1,576 

1,338 

108 

546 

■215 

1,691 

1,813 
1,783 
1,867 
393 
393 
122 
123 

1,688 

2,125 
1,943 

5,189 

1,938 

4,660 

460 

461 

68 

68 

1,843 

2,513 



1,899 

4,394 
1,875 
1,830 

242 

1,588 
839 

1,228 
876 

1,336 

428 
549 

535 
787 



1,969 
1,684 

1,042 

364,935 

1,499 

1,290,092 

736 

297 

339 

120 

7 

1,631 
1,886,128 

1,923 
2, 061, 605 

1,833 

2,123,212 

36,530 

301,799 

900 

218, 002 

58,260 

27,613 



55 

496 

850 

751 

535 
425 



200 

1,080 

1,972 

700 

175 

205 



85 

5 

15 

547 

2,495 



2,131 
3,062 

1,581 
2,121 
1,657 

110 

731 
225 

2,252 

2,302 

2,546 

2,562 

366 

566 

76 

76 

2,137 

2,338 

3,042 

5,926 

3,042 

5,351 

485 

490 

85 

85 

2,797 

3,l'i3 



2,962 
5,479 
2,912 

2,882 

405 

2,477 

1,100 

1,450 

801 

1,147 

191 
212 

645 
935 



3,147 

2,567 

1,946 

518,325 

1,987 

732,280 

1,520 

291 

145 

30 

1 

2,571 
1,751, '125 

3,052 
1,935,795 

2,897 

l,793,5'i5 

30,674 

278,154 

1,290 

226, 295 

68,445 
31,900 



35 

396 

580 
641 
540 
415 



426 



1,146 

1,417 

560 

255 

331 



35 
622 
,855 



1,596 

2,572 

1,072 

1,4T7 

1,086 

40 

402 

131 

1,342 

1,342 

1,642 

1,662 

231 

231 

35 

45 

1,522 

1,598 

2,477 

3,837 

2,472 

5,482 

320 

320 

30 

35 

2,176 

2,532 



2,412 
4,169 
2,377 
2,342 
435 
1,907 

8a 

1,251 
401 
576 

70 
80 

351 
496 



2,643 

1,908 

1,575 

348,645 

1,188 

281,345 

1,067 

60 

46 

15 



1,977 

808,455 

2,483 

1,020,698 

2,388 

826,490 

14,840 

139,632 

851 

97,512 

29,919 

16,758 



45 
295 
545 
490 
445 
530 



920 

1,355 
960 
400 
205 
750 



305 
15 
75 

355 
1,640 



1,410 

2,245 

900 

1,150 

830 

30 

180 

60 

650 

655 

905 

915 

90 

90 

5 

5 

1,015 

1,095 

2,010 

2,595 

1,995 

2,380 

200 

200 

15 

15 

1,900 

2,145 



2,090 
3,210 
2,065 
2,030 

1,85 
625 
920 

200 
260 

5 
5 

195 
255 



2,390 

1,750 
1,500 

253, 1S5 
825 
141, 050 
780 
20 
15 
10 



1,565 
454,845 

2,105 
502,515 

1,940 

422, 850 

7,622 

72,450 

695 
65,680 
19,140 
10,785 



^Excludes farms reporting expenditures for commercial fertilizer and lime. 



74 



SIZE OF OPERATION BY TYPE OF FARM 



Table 2 -SUBREGION 51-FARMS AND FARM CHARACTERISTICS FOR CASH-GRAIN FARMS, BY ECONOMIC CLASS: 

CENSUS OF 1954-Continued 

[Data are baaed on reporta for only a saii5»le of fanna. See text] 



(For definitions and explanations, see text) 



ESTDttTH) VALUE OF FiBil PRODDCIS SOIC (see text) 

All farm products sold dollars . 

All crops sold dollars. 

Field crops, other than vegetables 
and fruits and nuts, sold dollars. 

Vegetables sold dollars. 

Fruits and nuts sold dollars . 

Itortlcultural specialties sold dollars. 

an livestock and livestock products sold. — dollars. 

Dairy products sold dollars . 

Poultry and poultry products sold dollars. 

Livestock and livestock products, other 

than dairy and poultry, sold dollars. 

Forest products sold dollars. 

LIVESTOCK AND LTVESTOCK PRODDCIS 

Liveatoek oa hand; 

tkirses and mules farms reporting. 

nujnber. 

An cattle and calves farms reporting. 

number . 
Cows, including heifers that 

have calved farms reporting. 

number. 

Milk cows farms reporting. 

number. 

All hogs and pigs farms reporting. 

number. 

Bom before June 1 number . 

Chickens 4 months old and over. .. .farms reporting. 

number . 

Sheep, total farms reporting. 

number. 

Number 1 year wti^ over: 

Eves •• .number. 

Rams ""i^ wethers ....>•.•.•■••..•>>• . .number. 
Livestock and livestock products sold: 

Cattle and calves sold alive farms reporting. 

number, 
dollars. 

Hogs aui pigs sold alive fazms reporting. 

number, 
dollars. 

Chiokena sold farms reporting. 

dollars. 

Chicken eggs sold farms reporting. 

dozens, 
dollars. 

Milk sold ' pounds . 

dollars. 

Sheep sold farms reporting. 

number. 
dollars. 

SPECIFXED CHOPS HARVESTED 

Com for all purpoeea farms reporting. 

acres. 

Com harvested for grain farms reporting. 

acres. 

bushels harvested. 

bushels sold. 

Wheat threshed or combined farms reporting. 

acres. 

bushels harvested. 

bushels sold. 

Oats threshed or combined.... farms reporting. 

acres. 

buahels harvested. 

bushels sold. 

Barley threshed or combined fauna reporting. 

acres. 

bushels harvested. 

bushela sold. 

H^ threshed or combined farms reporting. 

acres. 

bushels harvested. 

bushels sold. 

Soybeans harvested for all purpoees. .farms reporting. 

acres grown alone. 

acres grown with other crops. 

Soybeans harvested for beans farms reporting. 

acres grown alone. 

acres grown -rtth other crops. 

bushels harvested. 

Soybeans cut for hay fanna reporting. 

acres grown alone. 

acres grcHn with other crops. 

tons harvested. 

Burley tobacco harvested^ farms reporting. 

acres, 
pounds harvested. 



All 

comoercial 

farms 



I68,lt88,821 
92,61.1,929 

88,182,562 
1,3*, 570 
1,479,102 
1,6*5,695 

75,647,125 
8,241,851 
8,884,255 

58,521,017 
199,769 



8,5i'4 

18,307 

22,11a 

431,199 

21, 242 

188,307 

16,295 

71,782 

18,387 

719,553 

240, 017 
20,287 

^ 321, 135 

2,101 
74,656 



52,286 
3,583 

18,215 

203,978 

22,453,683 

16,907 

816,552 

35,046,945 

10,467 
2,714,456 

14,645 
13,738,952 
4,140,596 

253,322,481 
8,241,851 

1,801 
47,328 
727,965 



24, 172 
1,302,220 

24, 017 

1,258,824 

46, 071, 045 

21,675,689 

15,877 

560,494 

11,006,806 

9,998,352 

6,459 

82,165 

5,215,926 

748,575 

1,813 
24,462 
955,875 

221,450 

4,857 

57,695 

1,172,582 

759,959 

16,599 

611,819 

395 

14, 914 

576,159 

225 

10,558,069 

3,394 
50,786 

20 

44,255 

3,365 

6,009 

7,761,436 



Econcflnlc class 



76,489,501 
61,675,911 

61, 556, 066 

215,905 

96,440 

7,500 

14,761,296 

1, ''25, 755 

1,525,589 

11,811,952 
52,294 



2,402 
4,906 
8,227 

125,452 

7,825 

55,577 

5,617 

18,712 

6,515 

186,186 

64,902 

7,706 

810,566 

634 
20,186 



13,033 
1,131 

5,982 

49,054 

'•,'•77,088 

5,586 

172,660 

7,066,144 

3,731 
339,607 

5,286 
4,125,657 
1,165,969 

46,2ff7,791 
1, ''25, 755 

479 

11,955 

195,207 



11,046 
757, 598 

11,016 

744,799 

27, ''55, 901 

18,421,760 

7,558 

224,592 

6,901,395 

6,585,629 

3,002 

39,646 

1,500,591 

565,5''5 

710 

9,841 

595,155 

150,215 

2,562 

50,901 

671,512 

454,454 

9,161 

432,688 

225 

8,955 

421,250 

225 

7,855,215 

962 

8,589 

15,418 

476 

947 

1,097,755 



10,754,430 

8,910,7'tl 

8,904,219 

6,480 

42 

1, 842, 070 

65,940 
81,001 

1,697,129 

1,619 



229 

241 

12,684 

229 

4,541 

156 

466 
209 

19,277 

6,682 

185 

21,809 

16 
3,446 



1,452 
162 

199 

6,752 

810,599 

210 
19,362 
859,984 

U6 
55,857 

138 
92,907 
24,919 

., 627, 694 
63,940 

10 

848 

19,217 



301 
86,64^ 

501 

85, '•97 

5,702,486 

5,071,705 

257 
26,245 
881,941 
842,656 

125 

5,432 

139,574 

43,800 

49 
1,601 
80,750 
26,200 

120 
4,161 
94,297 
76,974 

267 
40,555 



257 
59,9ffl 

1,005,899 

7 
159 



13 

82 

50,275 



27,819,056 
22,401,049 

22,280,959 

109,520 

5,090 

7,500 

5,595,652 

545,205 

420, 123 

4,450,504 
24,375 



404 

855 

1,''77 

37,591 

1,452 
16,297 
958 
4,526 
1,279 
65, 018 
21,881 
1,377 
175,787 

135 
4,495 



3,256 
154 

1,289 

16,569 

1,587, ''10 

1,219 

65,260 

2,760,440 

825 
98,840 

1,015 

1,085,110 

315,525 

16,104,236 
545,205 

119 

5,650 

59,655 



1,969 
246,896 

1,959 

241, 106 

9,588,890 

6,684,890 

1,653 

80,550 

2,582,95'' 

2, 596, 555 

808 

15,869 

574,117 

253,710 

221 

3,195 

152,800 

39,650 

637 
10,405 

239,575 
164, U5 

1,831 
141,428 



1,830 
138,57'' 

2,773,5^1 

130 

1,755 

2,860 

77 
371 

464,250 



22,771,533 
17,997,469 

17,901,318 
70,925 
25,226 

4,763,199 
545,850 
492,295 

3,725,05'' 
10,865 



567 
1,154 
2,497 
59,934 

2,387 
18,175 
1,691 
6,581 
1,986 
59,941 
20,652 
2,251 
267,095 

170 
5,475 



3,790 
500 

1,987 

15,074 

1,510,609 

1,886 

57, 010 

2,524,740 

1,155 
92,590 

1,650 

1,415,710 

394,060 

17,821,029 
5'' 5, 850 

145 

'',195 

67, ''95 



5,147 
225,572 

5,142 

222,450 

8,175,560 

4,972,400 

2,447 

69,693 

2,099,240 

1,958,900 

945 

12,170 

476, 015 

171,755 

210 
2,495 
97,570 
52,725 

870 

9,795 

211,900 

157, 1»5 

2,841 
142,745 



2,791 
159,000 

2,464,400 

265 
2,545 

5,560 

126 

220 

255,765 



10, 055, 946 
8,158,316 

8,105,791 
21,765 
10,760 

1,890,005 
200, 415 
525,790 

1, 565, 800 
5,625 



667 

1,550 

2,012 

21,725 



10,031 
1,402 
4,154 
1,501 
27,455 
10,527 
1,765 

175,645 

165 

4,105 



3,050 
170 

1,407 

6,974 

556,980 

1,291 
20,585 
779,580 

825 
49, 650 

1,250 
925,710 
270,950 

7,678,483 
200,415 

US 
2,245 
35,195 



2,615 
114,451 

2,608 

112,746 

3,834,560 

2,300,750 

1,651 

51,061 

896,595 

809,695 

661 

6,405 

190, 090 

64,395 

130 

1,'*75 

42,475 

20,930 
440 
'',275 
78,910 
47,195 

2,192 

70,960 

225 

2,167 

68,655 

225 

1,118,125 

260 
2,070 

2,555 
150 

184 
223,470 



4,474,865 
3,694,413 

5,631,901 

6,215 

56,297 

772,040 
64,700 
169,665 

537,675 
8,410 



445 

810 

1,550 

11,165 

1,465 
5,260 
1,085 

2,420 
1,040 
12,535 
'•,545 
1,595 
155,295 

no 
2,195 



1,155 
305 

900 

3,190 
207,935 

810 

8,645 

312,165 

615 
36,190 

970 
503,440 
132,500 

2,652,801 
64,700 

75 

820 

11,480 



2,240 
67,820 

2,230 

67,015 

1,922,740 

1,167,700 

1,145 
15,120 
404,560 
349,370 

390 

5,185 

102, 135 

43,095 

90 

985 

39,710 

29,960 

255 

2,105 

44,565 

28,250 

1,645 
32,765 



1,560 
31,005 

425,990 

235 
1,''95 

1,7'»5 

85 

7* 

38,915 



Includee milk equivalent of cream and butterfat sold. ^Data relate only to that part of the subreglon located in Kentucky. 



CASH-GRAIN FARMS 



75 



Table 2.-SUBREGI0N SI-FARMS AND FARM CFIARACTERISTICS FOR CASHGRAIN FARMS, BY ECONOMIC CLASS: 

CENSUS OF 1954-Conlinued 

[Data are based on reports for only a sanrple of farms. See text] 



Item 
(For definitions and explanations, see text) 



All 

ccmmercial 

farms 



Economic class 



SPECIFIED CROPS HAHVESTEB — Continued 

E&rk air-cured tobacco harvested^ farms reporting.. 

acres.. 
pounds harvested.. 

Vegetables harvested for sale farms reporting.. 

dollars.. 

Land in bearing and nonbearlng fruit orchards, 

groves, vineyards, and planted nut trees^. farms reporting.. 

acres . . 

Alfalfa and alfalfa mixtures cut for hay (and for 

dehydrating ) acres . . 

tons. . 
tons sold.. 
Clover, timothy, and mixtures of clover and grasaea 
cut for hay • • acres.. 

tons sold. . 

Lespedeza cut for hay acres . . 

tons. . 
tons s old . . 



Oats, wheat, barley, rye, or other small grains 
cut for hay •«.. 



acres. . 

tons. . 
tons sold. . 

Grass silage made from grasses, alfalfa, clcrer, 
or small grains^ .acres. . 

tans, green weight. . 

Other bay cut acres.. 

tons. . 
tons sold.. 

Nursery products sold dollars.. 

Cut flowers, potted plants, florist greens, and bedding 

plants sold dollars. . 

Vegetables grown under glass, flower seeds, vegetable seeds, 

vegetable plants, bulbs, and mushrooms sold dollars.. 

Farms reporting by acres of corn 
harvested for all purposes: 

Under 11 acres farms reporting. . 

11 to 2k acres farms reporting,. 

2^ to hS acres farms reporting.. 

^0 to 7^ acres farms reporting.. 

75 to 99 acres farms reporting. . 

100 acres and over farms reporting. . 

Farms reporting by acres of wheat 
threshed or conhined: 

Under 10 acres farms reporting. . . 

10 to 2k acres farms reporting. . . 

25 to ^9 acres farms reporting. . . 

50 to 99 acres farms reporting. . . 

100 to 199 acres farms reporting... 

200 to 299 acres , f einos reporting. . . 

300 to ^99 acres farms reporting... 

500 to 999 acres farms reporting... 

1,000 acres and over..... fanns reporting... 

Farms reportinf; by acres of soybeansCgrown aione^ 
harvested for all purposes: 

Under 2^ acres fanns reporting. . . 

25 to ''9 acres farms reporting. . . 

50 to 99 acres farms reporting. . . 

100 acres and over. farms reporting. . . 



3,568 

5,976,030 

805 
1,33^,570 



1,181* 
6,152 



6lt,327 

135,275 

13,681* 

138,097 
173,1*65 
12,106 

50,603 
55,936 
2,879 



22,338 
29,180 

l,7=t5 



5,600 
29,705 

20,975 

26,681 

1,1*90 

31*0,000 

, 008, 310 

297,385 



2,335 
5,255 

7,201. 
14,016 
2,11*7 
3,215 



1,968 

6,675 

3,718 

1,21*8 

221 

38 

9 



7,1*87 

I*, 763 

3,166 

973 



519 

758 

872, 625 

250 
215,905 



372 
61*9 



18, 327 
37,186 
I*, 639 

60, 170 
72,330 
7,172 

13,812 

16,356 

1,135 



5,766 
6,616 

1*16 



1,780 

9,51*0 

5,1*29 

6,1*01* 

600 



7,500 



1*76 
1,825 
3,071 
2,167 
1,290 
2,217 



721 

5,166 

2,512 

925 

179 

29 

6 



2,905 
2,933 

2,1*41* 

881 



6 

12 

13,100 

9 
6,1*80 



1,651 

3,575 

619 

3,725 

5,01*9 

611 

701* 

1,135 

25 



21*5 

512 

21 



315 
1,1*35 

551* 

719 

85 



5 

5 

291 



1*3 
186 



62 

174 

259,575 

61 
109,520 



60 

94 

6,1*92 

ll*,106 

1,91*0 

17,1*15 

22,531 

2,851 

5,295 

i*,li*6 
325 



1,510 
1,572 

1*5 



205 
1,860 

1,015 

1,150 

150 



7,500 



5 

50 

295 

1*50 

1,169 



25 

255 

67!* 

612 
83 
5 

1 



141 

225 

253,245 

100 
70,925 



100 
166 



5,075 
11,105 
1,485 

19,555 

24,230 

1,760 

3,980 

5,300 

135 



1,530 
1,825 

170 



1,260 

6,045 

1,790 

2,445 
255 



5 

110 

761 

1,050 

640 

5ffl 



105 

946 

1,175 

221 



567 
879 

485 



410 
1,115 
1,141 

175 



155 

224 

230,665 

40 
21,765 



81 
145 



3,759 

6,230 

500 

U,985 
13,105 



5,928 

4,047 



1,486 

1,657 

170 



1,050 

1,090 

15 



75 
470 
1,250 
597 
115 
126 



170 

1,141 

520 

10 

10 



8*6 

1,005 

506 

35 



105 

72 

88,610 

50 
6,215 



110 
180 



1,110 

1,840 

50 

6,230 

6,330 

425 

1,650 

1,490 

140 



920 
725 



645 
695 
115 



840 

190 

70 

50 



305 

755 

85 



1,170 

400 

75 



50 

51 

47,230 

10 
1,000 



240 

530 

45 

1,260 
1,085 

45 
255 

240 
50 



275 
525 



375 

305 



191 

355 

190 

30 

10 



115 
65 
5 



360 
25 



^Data relate only to that part of the subreglon located in Kentucky, 
only to that part of the subreeion located in Indiana and Illinois. 



^Does not include data for farms with less than 20 trees or grapevines. See text. 



^Data relate 



76 



SIZE OF OPERATION BY TYPE OF FARM 



Table2 -SUBREGION 62 —FARMS AND FARM CHARACTERISTICS FOR CASH-GRAIN FARMS, BY ECONOMIC CLASS: 

CENSUS OF 1954 

[Data are based on reports for only a sample of farms. See textj 



(For definitions and explanations, see text) 



All 

conmercial 

farms 



Economic class 



FOOE, ACREAGE, AND VALUE 

faruB number . . 

Percent distribution perceiit. . 

Land in f arns acres . . 

Percent distribution percent . . 

Average size of farm acres.. 

Value of land and buildings: 

Average per farm dollars , . 

Average per acre dollars , . 

Land in farns according to use: 

Cropland harvested farms reporting.. 

acres. . 

Percent distribution percent . . 

Cropland used only for pasture. . . . , farms reporting. . 

acres . . 

Cropland not harvested and not pastured farms reporting.. 

acres. . 
Cropland used only for crops not 

harvested and not pastured farms reporting.. 

acres. . 

Cropland lying idle farms reporting . . 

acres, . 

Woodland pastured farms reporting . . 

acres . . 
Woodland not pastured farms reporting. . 

acres. . 
Other pasture (not cropland 
and not woodland ) farms reporting. . 

acres. . 
Improved (see text).* farms reporting. . 

acres . . 
Other land (house lots, roads, 
wasteland, etc.) farms reporting.. 

acres. . 
Cropland, total farms reporting. . 

acres . . 
land pastured, total farms reporting. . 

acres. . 
Woodland, total farms reporting.. 

acres. . 
Irrigated land in farms farms reporting. . 

acres. . 

USE OF COKIERCIAL FERTILIZER 

Crops on which coBnercial fertilizer was used, 1954: 

Hay and cropland pasture farms reporting.. 

tons.. 
acres on which used.. 

Other pasture farms reporting.. 

tons . . 
acres on which used.. 

Corn farms reporting . . 

tons. . 
acres on which used.. 

Wheat farms reporting. . 

tons. . 
acres on which used . . 

FlMits, vegetables, and potatoes farms reporting.. 

tons. . 
acres on which used.. 

Other crops farms reporting . . 

tons. . 
acres on which used . . 

RESIDENCE OF FARM OPERATOR 

Residing on farm operated operators reporting . . 

Not residing on farm operated operators reporting . . 

Operators not reporting residence number. . 

FARJC BY SIZE 

Under 10 acres number.. 

10 to 29 acres number. . 

30 to ^9 acres number. . 

50 to 69 acres number . . 

70 to 99 acres number . . 

100 to 139 acres number . . 

lAO to 179 acres number.. 

180 to 219 acres number.. 

220 to 259 acres number.. 

260 to 499 acres number. . 

500 to 999 acres number.. 

1,000 acres and over number.. 

FARM OPERATORS BY COLOR AND TENURE 

All furs operators: 

Owners, part owners, and managers number.. 

All tenants number . . 

All white operntors: 

Owners , part owners, and managers number . . 

All tenants number. , 

All nonwhite operators: 

Owners, part owners, and managers number.. 

All tenants number . 



18,776 

XXX 



XXX 

182.6 

16,136 
85.60 

17,790 
1,910,577 

XXX 

12,336 

<;70,740 

5,833 

160,323 

2,218 

48,332 

4,304 

111,991 

6,697 
181,991 

7,653 
270,728 

6,160 

199,767 

1,282 

30,305 

18,194 

234,960 

18,316 

2,541,640 

16,561 

852,498 

11,643 

452,719 

20 

135 



1,623 

6,737 

40,183 

367 

1,723 
11,665 

13,020 
58,282 

612,135 

7,319 

20,762 

186,899 

474 

1,784 

12,050 

3,466 

10,638 

93,390 



17,565 
951 
260 



290 

715 

955 

1,140 

2,315 

3,005 

2,715 
2,215 
1,530 
3,305 
535 
56 



16,091 
2,685 



15,936 
2,650 



155 
35 



8,681 
100.0 

1,774,376 
100.0 
204.4 

18,804 
90.09 

8,681 

1,136,956 

100.0 

5,222 

170,918 

2,779 

82,257 

1,023 
23,877 

2,038 
58,380 

2,582 

68,315 

3,564 

129,888 

2,454 

64,690 

473 

7,965 

8,395 

121,352 

8,681 

1,390,131 

7,226 

303,923 

5,161 

198,203 

5 



478 

1,786 

11,590 

122 

461 

2,125 

6,827 

33,186 

364,546 

4,262 

12,947 

120,910 

37 

81 

395 

1,802 

5,786 

54,994 



7,985 
606 

90 



5 
U5 
285 
385 
970 
1,315 

1,340 
1,200 

350 
1,935 

255 
26 



6,954 
1,727 



6,379 
1,707 



50 
0.6 

34,697 

2.0 

693.9 

37,626 
123.75 

50 

25,283 

2.2 

34 

1,807 

18 

1,430 



390 

15 

1,090 

17 

725 

12 

2,603 



400 

45 
1,869 

50 
23, 570 

46 
3,462 

23 
3,328 



1 
15 
50 
2 
54 
360 

49 
1,052 
9,818 

33 

342 

3,554 

1 

25 

30 

19 

143 

1,601 



631 
7.3 

269,568 

15.2 

427.2 

48,273 
112.57 

631 

189,109 

16.6 

444 

23,304 

189 

10,314 

60 

2,517 

146 

7,797 

204 

6,930 

319 

18,517 

170 

8,130 

36 

1,350 

616 
13,214 

631 
222,727 

561 
38,414 

444 
25,447 



62 
315 
2,295 
10 
75 
125 

535 

5,626 

51,450 

463 

2,673 

24,748 



12 

55 

223 

1,209 

11,228 



595 

31 

5 



5 
25 
50 
405 
135 
11 



474 
157 



469 
157 



2,112 
24.3 

595,630 

33.6 

282.0 

26,626 
94.00 

2,112 

406,609 

35.8 

1,376 

47,550 

707 

24,463 

300 

8,730 

477 

15,733 

675 
20,560 

956 
39,134 

630 

18,270 

160 

2,975 

2,057 

39,044 

2,112 

478,622 

1,846 

86,380 

1,301 

59,694 

5 



135 

418 

2,685 

30 
166 
335 

1,812 

11,842 

129,273 

1,441 

5,290 

46,058 



560 

2,345 

22,280 



1,931 

106 



10 
75 

210 
350 
335 
1,055 
75 
2 



1,585 
527 



1,530 
527 



2,658 
30.6 



494,011 



15,219 
81.96 

2,658 

314,520 

27.7 

1,623 

51,432 

825 

20,600 

310 

6,725 

535 

13,375 

756 

16,800 

1,117 

34,794 

785 

13,430 

155 

2,1A0 

2,537 
37,385 

2,658 
386,602 

2,273 
86,712 

1,588 
51,594 



135 
548 
4,805 
40 
60 
540 

2,186 
8,766 
102,340 
1,445 
3,205 
32,670 

10 
14 
105 
560 
1,232 
11,460 



2,457 
166 

35 



5 

15 

230 

510 

670 
510 
355 
335 



2,076 
582 



2,061 
572 



2,255 
26.0 

293,630 
16.8 
132.4 

10,322 
74.60 

2,255 

164,170 

U.4 

1,240 

34,875 

710 

18,400 

240 

3,735 

565 

14,665 

655 
18,400 

820 
25,225 

545 

15,010 

100 

855 

2,175 
22,550 

2,255 
217,445 

1,735 
68,285 

1,270 
43,625 



120 
250 
1,445 
40 
106 
715 

1,685 
4,776 

58,815 

770 

1,234 

12,580 

25 
30 
205 
380 
750 
7,470 



2,000 
235 

20 



25 

85 

210 

495 

570 

375 
290 
100 
100 



1,925 
330 



1,900 
325 



CASH-GRAIN FARMS 



77 



Table 2.-SUBRKGI0IN 62 .-FARMS AND FARM CHARACTKRISTICS FOR CASH-GRAIN FARMS, BY ECONOMIC CLASS: 



CENSUS OF 1954-Conlinued 

[Data are based on reports for only a sanple of farms. 



See text] 



Item 
(For definitions and explanations, see text) 



All 

commeroifil 
farms 



Economic class 



FARM 0PERATC21S BY AGE 

Under 25 years operators reporting. 

25 to 34 years operators reporting. 

35 to 44 years operators reporting. 

45 to 54 years operators reporting. 

55 to 64 years operators reporting . 

65 years and over operators reporting. 

OFF-FARM WORK AND OTHER INCOME 

Fara operators — 

With other income of family exceeding value of farm 

products sold operators reporting. 

Working off their farms, by days 

worked, total operators reporting. 

None ^ operators reporting. 

1 to 99 days operators reporting . 

100 to 199 days operators reporting. 

200 days or more operators reporting. 

FAR\e BY CLASS OF WORK POWER 

No tractor, horses, or mules farms reporting. 

No tractor and only 1 horse or mule farms reporting. 

No tractor and 2 or more horses and/or mules farms reporting. 

Tractor and horses and/or mules farms reporting' . 

Tractor and no horses or mules farms reporting. 

SPECIFIED FACILITIES AND EQUIPMENT 

Telephone farms reporting . 

Electricity farms reporting. 

Television set farms reporting. 

Piped running water farms reporting. 

Home freezer farms reporting. 

Electric pig brooder farms reporting. 

Power feed grinder farms reporting. 

Milking machine forms reporting. 

Grain combines farms reporting. 

number . 
Com pickers farms reporting. 

number . 
Pick-up hay balers farms reporting. 

number . 
Field forage harvesters farms reporting . . 

number . . 
Mstortrucks farms reporting. . 

number . . 
Tractors farms reporting . . 

number . . 
Wheel tractors other than garden farms reporting., 

number . , 
Garden tractors farms reporting . , 

number. , 
Crawler tractors farms reporting . . 

number . , 
Automobiles farms reporting . . 

number . , 

FARM LABOR 

Week of Oct. 24-30: 

Family and/ or hired workers farms reporting. , 

persons. . 

Family workers, including operator farms reporting., 

Operators working 1 hour or more persons . . 

1 to 14 hours persons . . 

15 hours or more persons . . 

Iftipaid members of operator's family farms reporting., 

persons . , 

Hired workers farms reporting. , 

persons . . 
Regular workers (to be employed 

150 days or more) farms reporting. . 

persons . , 
Seasonal workers (to be employed 

less than 150 days) farms reporting. . 

persons . . 

SPECIFIED FARM EXPENDITURES 

Specified farm expenditures farms reporting. . 

Machine hire and/or hired labor farms reporting. . 

Machine hire farms reporting . . 

dollars. . 

Hired labor farms reporting . . 

dollars. . 

$1 to $499 farms reporting.. 

$500 to $999 farms reporting.. 

$1,000 to $2,499 farms reporting.. 

$2,500 to $4,999 farms reporting.. 

$5,000 and over farms reporting.. 

Feed for livestock and poultry farms reporting.. 

dollars. . 

Gasoline and other petroleum fuel and oil farms reporting.. 

dollars. . 
Commercial fertilizer and 

fertilizing material farms reporting.. 

dollars . . 

tons. . 

acres on which used.. 

Lime and liming material farms reporting . . 

dollars. . 

tons. . 

acres on which used.. 



235 
2,201 
3,9^9 
4,302 

4,092 
3,734 



2,921 

7,099 
11,106 
4,066 
1,155 
1,878 



1,726 

286 

1,185 

5,427 
10,152 



8,486 
17,662 
4,774 
8,724 
6,606 
671 
4,762 
1,333 

7,960 

8,207 

8,325 

8,430 

2,056 

2,062 

674 

676 

8,656 

9,265 

15,669 

23,774 

15,544 

22,114 

1,279 

1,304 

303 

356 

14,146 

15,967 



145 
1,333 

2,119 
2,132 
1,640 
1,201 



3,643 

4,743 
2,092 



480 
60 

260 
2,120 
5,761 



3,779 
8,165 
2,592 
4,044 
3,265 

272 
2,026 

487 

4,965 

5,120 

5,020 

5,099 

985 

985 

260 

260 

4,254 

4,543 

7,906 

12,603 

7,881 

11,786 

647 

657 

154 

160 

6,968 

7,791 





17,958 


8,250 




31,210 


14,032 




17,84* 


8,200 




17,618 


8,084 




i,030 


1,753 




13,588 


6,331 




6,941 


3,103 




9,756 


4,347 




2,131 


981 




3,836 


1,601 




674 


232 




1,006 


304 




1,696 


838 




2,830 


1,297 




18,630 


8,601 




13,672 


6,284 




11,709 


5,198 




2,095,528 


922,861 




3,070 


3,554 




3,520,376 


1,073,767 




6,769 


3,049 




562 


246 




441 


207 




196 


43 




102 


9 




15,916 


6,784 




10,674,463 


3,153,911 




15,980 


3,026 




7,097,708 


4,027,738 




14,360 


7,247 




5,239,351 


2,915,84* 




100,898 


54,736 




956,147 


552,430 




5,123 


2,436 




1,035,127 


535,868 




282,468 


146,026 




115,484 


55,163 



29 

1 

30 

5 

48 
56 
50 
58 
26 
26 
23 
28 
49 
69 
50 

220 
50 

180 
26 
26 
14 
14 
49 
77 



50 
241 
50 
50 
10 
40 
22 
23 
35 
168 

29 
61 

31 

107 



50 

50 

23 

16,584 

50 

133,742 

20 

5 

7 

U 

7 

42 

45, 170 

50 

104,636 

49 

105,372 

1,632 

15,633 

28 

13,397 

3,682 

1,366 



10 
89 
188 
138 
120 
76 



178 
453 
132 
25 
21 



140 
491 



322 
626 
274 
484 
398 



66 

603 

674 

556 

536 

188 

183 

67 

67 

521 

585 

631 

1,638 

631 

1,526 

71 

71 

35 

41 

594 

798 



621 
1,551 
606 
605 
76 
529 
311 
489 
240 
457 



112 
132 



177 
325 



631 

545 

355 

112,767 

475 

335,950 

276 

71 

114 

12 

2 

565 
587,341 

626 
661,022 

570 
546,952 

9,950 
89,656 
306 
90,091 
27,168 
10,770 



30 
375 
641 
580 
320 
140 



715 
,322 
530 
75 
110 



30 

10 

10 

490 

1,572 



1,050 

2,056 

650 

1,221 

1,001 
105 
740 
200 

1,752 

1,818 

1,737 

1,768 

400 

400 

100 

100 

1,302 

1,362 

2,062 

3,875 

2,062 

3,585 

230 

230 

60 

60 

1,822 

2,092 



2,061 
3,792 
2,046 
2,016 

400 
1,616 

390 
1,310 

356 

466 

66 
31 

300 
385 



2,107 

1,662 

1,225 

239,410 

1,252 

369,325 

1,051 

115 

66 

20 



1,771 
1,110,310 

2,067 
1,441,350 

1,892 

1,072,165 

20,332 

199,421 

756 

195,940 

53,465 

20,540 



35 
446 
687 
660 
535 
260 



430 

1,265 

1,298 

720 

260 

285 



120 
10 
20 

651 
1,857 



1,211 

2,533 

801 

1,176 

1,027 

65 

561 

151 

1,687 

1,697 

1,707 

1,717 

276 

276 

45 

45 

1,227 

1,337 

2,513 

3,655 

2,508 

3,415 

200 

210 

30 

30 

2,113 

2,309 



2,508 
4,053 
2,503 
2,443 

472 
1,971 

950 
1,325 

210 

285 

25 

30 

190 
255 



2,633 

1,782 

1,535 

259,700 

932 

147,645 

367 

50 

15 



2,131 

829,630 

2,528 

1,123,690 

2,286 
763,825 
13,984 
150,815 
776 
155,915 
39,736 
14,057 



50 
320 
500 
570 
435 
355 



755 

1,230 
950 
455 
300 
475 



170 

10 

65 

640 

1,370 



885 
2,100 
680 
860 
660 

35 
325 

60 

780 

780 

835 

835 

75 

75 

15 

15 

935 

945 

2,020 

2,505 

2,010 

2,395 

95 

95 

15 

15 

1,755 

1,860 



2,095 

3,160 

2,080 

2,065 

560 

1,505 

715 

925 

105 

170 



105 
170 



2,225 

1,615 

1,445 

224,065 

700 

73,020 

690 

5 



1,650 
453,410 

2,040 
585,150 

1,820 
355,235 
7,178 
31,255 
455 
71,200 
19,235 
7,495 



Excludes farms reporting expenditures for commercial fertilizer and liiae. 
4U358 O - 57 - 7 



78 SIZE OF OPERATION BY TYPE OF FARM 

Table 2.-SUBREGI0N 62 -FARMS AND FARM CHARACTERISTICS FOR CASH-GRAIN FARMS, BY ECONOMIC CLASS: 

CENSUS OF 1954-Conlinued 

[Data are based on reporta for onl^ a sanple of farms. See text] 



(Fbr deflnltiona aM explaDatlonBj see text) 



conmerclal 
farms 



Econanlc class 



ESTDJUTED VALUE OF ?eSU PRODDCIS SOU) (see text) 

All farm products sold dollars. . 

All crops sold dollars . . 

Field crops, other than vegetables 
and fruits and nuts, sold doUara.. 

Vegetables sold dollars . . 

Fruits and nuts sold dollars . . 

Horticultural specialties sold dollars . . 

All livestock and livestock products sold. .. .dollars.. 

Dairy products sold dollars . . 

Poultry and poiiltry products sold dollars. . 

Livestock and livestock products, other 

than dairy and poultry, sold dollars.. 

Forest products sold dollars . . 

LIVESTOCK AND LTVESIDCK HICIDDCIS 

Livestock OB haad: 

Horses and mules farms reporting.. 

number.. 

All cattle and calves farms reporting.. 

number . . 
Cots, including heifers that 

have calved farms reporting.. 

number . . 

mii cows farms reporting.. 

number. . 

All hogs and pigs farms reporting. . 

number. . 

Bom before June 1 number.. 

Chickens J* months old and over. . ..farms reporting*. 

number. . 

Sheep, total farms reporting.. 

number . . 
Number 1 year and over; 

Ewes number . . 

Rams and wethers number . . 

Livestock and livestock products sold : 

Cattle and calves sold alive farms reporting.. 

number . . 
dollars . . 

Hogs and pigs sold alive farms reporting.. 

number . . 
dollars . . 

Chickens sold farms reporting . . 

dollars . . 

Chicken eggs sold farms reporting . . 

dozens . . 
dollars . . 

Milk sold^ pounds . . 

dollars . . 

Sheep sold farms reporting . . 

number . . 
dollars . . 



SPECIFIED CROPS HARVESTED 

Corn for all purposes farms reporting . . 

acres. . 

Corn harvested for grain farms reporting. . 

acres . . 

bushels harvested . . 

bushels sold . . 

Wheat threshed or combined farms reporting . . 

acres . . 

bushels harvested . . 

bushels sold . . 

Oats threshed or combined farms reporting . . 

acres . . 

bushels harvested . . 

bushels sold . . 

Barley threshed or combined farms reporting . . 

acres . . 

bushels harvested . . 

bushels sold . . 

Rye threshed or combined farms reporting . . 

acres. . 

bushels harvested . . 

bushels sold . . 

Soybeans harvested for all purposes . .farms reporting.. 

acres . . 

Soybeans harvested for beans farms reporting.. 

acres . . 
bushels harvested . . 

Soybeans cut for hay farms reporting . . 

acres . . 
tons harvested . . 



78,471,732 
45,049,032 

41,397,756 
395,115 
2,842,566 
413,595 
33,228,407 
4,732,996 
4,723,123 

23,772,288 
194,343 



6,898 

15,062 

16,036 

277,641 

15,540 

130,483 

12,315 

56,459 

12,940 

309,658 

109,778 

15,105 

2,250,408 

1,664 
55,257 

33,976 
2,176 



13,792 

120,803 

10,359,035 

11,080 

334,621 

12,681,127 

8,557 
762,164 

12,503 
14,139,624 
3,807,154 

169,419,038 
4,732,996 

1,439 
33,932 
519,110 



16,823 

798,514 

16,566 

742,393 

13,127,770 

7,644,575 

9,655 

216,392 

6,396,016 

5,627,152 

6,760 

93,915 

3,022,825 

627,900 

916 

11,348 

359,175 

92,089 

2,153 

22,910 

438,200 

250,557 

12,662 
501,342 

11,453 

465,771 

5,(X7,982 

3,023 
31,227 
32,025 



39,917,398 
31,246,125 

31,190,991 

16,705 

36,279 

2,150 

8,583,963 

1,135,320 

1,417,400 

6,031,243 
87,310 



2,440 

4,919 

6,817 

95,474 

6,592 

45,639 

5,148 

19,472 

5,474 

100,896 

35,821 

6,627 

869,030 

566 

13,610 

3,678 
456 



5,234 

32,818 

2,533,399 

4,293 

89,391 

3,291,076 

3,335 
237,477 

5,253 
4,532,449 
1,168,128 

44,273,250 
1,135,320 

436 

7,404 

106,845 



8,471 

476,886 

8,426 

454,527 

11,676,675 

6,720,030 

5,802 

143,813 

4,325,341 

3,934,486 

3,291 

47,052 

1,487,980 

472,445 

421 

5,403 

168,575 

63,569 

1,113 

12,365 

253,905 

152,187 

7,371 
352,157 

7,170 

339,259 

4,601,770 

1,062 
11,054 
12,460 



1,494,153 
1,233,659 



1,231,659 
2,000 



256,469 

40,880 

573 

215,016 
4,025 



14 

36 

35 

2,926 

35 

909 

9 

169 

19 

995 

374 

33 

2,090 



35 

1,005 

131, 590 

14 
1,822 
83,126 

6 
252 

22 

1,197 

321 

1,022,000 
40,380 



50 

U,395 

50 

10,735 

445,655 

339,400 

48 

3,994 

151,390 

144, 550 

25 

531 

21,200 

6,170 

18 

473 

18,500 

9,364 

12 

151 

5,100 

2,220 

49 
5,417 

49 

5,417 
108,340 



9,099,333 
7,261,940 

7,232,440 

1,650 

27,850 

1,779,913 
128,725 

177,182 

1,474,006 
57,980 



140 

265 

530 

15,738 

520 

7,194 

374 

1,488 

472 

17,924 

6,121 

431 

81,320 

36 
1,480 

1,108 
36 



502 

5,658 

593,299 

472 
20,270 
859,600 

263 
22,630 

389 
544,937 
154,377 

4,193,307 
128,725 

31 

1,044 

16,155 



631 

71,303 

631 

67, 541 

2,459,820 

1,641,925 

602 

30,584 

1,026,546 

953,606 

321 

6,071 

237,700 

75,205 



1,615 

41,050 
19,480 

165 

2,700 

49,090 

30,940 

618 
59,149 

617 

58,566 

980,743 

22 

344 
445 



14,619,361 
11,366,544 

11,363,257 

1,200 

1,587 

500 

3,242,372 

475,580 

477,895 

2,288,897 
10,445 



510 

1,065 

1,775 

30,405 

1,725 

14,205 

1,350 

5,975 

1,470 

37,812 

1^,552 

1,631 

259,595 

195 
5,215 

3,235 
130 



1,465 

11,270 

910,630 

1,325 

35,340 

1,317,740 

936 
93,520 

1,345 

1,449,810 

382,365 

17,838,607 
475,580 

150 
2,950 
42,405 



2,107 

160,478 

2,107 

151,468 

3,873,745 

2,100,870 

1,797 

53,300 

1,632,820 

1,501,575 

995 

16,925 

545,600 

167,375 

150 

1,930 

68,625 

29,350 

406 
4,824 
96,560 
62,302 

2,027 
136,331 

2,012 

132,526 

1,347,157 

230 
2,835 
3,050 



9,737,047 
7,5U,370 

7,506,743 
1,625 
3,002 

2,217,207 
351,205 
485,940 

1,380,062 
8,470 



631 

1,288 

2,142 

26,490 

2,077 
13,126 
1,635 
6,325 
1,718 
26,945 
9,254 
2,077 
287,145 

170 
3,725 

2,210 
180 



1,632 

9,200 

618,570 

1,367 
20,984 
712,700 

1,115 
30,670 

1,712 

1,592,675 

398,450 

14,357,534 
351,205 

130 
2,275 

34,135 



2,643 

133,050 

2,628 

127,268 

2,901,630 

1,564,040 

1,910 

38, UO 

1,056,720 

940,675 

1,095 

14,685 

441,345 

141,665 

100 

960 

27,325 

8,875 

330 
4,030 
31,335 
45,925 

2,427 
99,030 

2,387 

94,875 

1,145,225 

365 
3,710 
3,370 



4,237,001 
3,230,419 

3,269,169 

6,230 

3,370 

1,650 

951,267 

121,845 

223,200 

606,222 
5,315 



715 

1,505 

1,695 

16,410 

1,640 
8,240 
1,255 
4,140 
1,315 
14,110 
6,165 
1,630 
179,155 

U5 
3,105 

2,055 
105 



1,205 

4,965 

292,975 

930 

10,150 

287,430 

700 
32,855 

1,265 
752,005 
133,205 

5,861,374 
121,845 

125 
1,135 
14,150 



2,120 
79,245 
2,100 
76, 500 
.,575,750 
814,095 

1,195 

15,475 

401,790 

344,335 

700 

7,440 

204,835 

67,285 

60 

415 

12,950 

1,500 

155 

955 

17,295 

8,675 

1,765 
44,735 

1,705 

41,835 

460,955 

305 
2,300 
4,415 



^Includes milk equivalent of cream and butterfat sold. 



CASH-GRAIN FARMS 



79 



Table 2.-SUBREGI0N 62 .-FARMS AND FARM CFIARACTERISTICS FOR CASH-GRAIN FARMS, BY ECONOMIC CLASS: 

CENSUS OF 1954-ContinueH 

[Ebta are based an reports for onl^ a sample of farms. See text] 



Item 
(For definitions and explanations, see text) 



All 

ccxmerclal 

faims 



Econcmlc class 



SPECIFIED CROPS HARVESTED— Continued 

Alfalfa and alfalfa mixtures cut for hay 

(and for dehydrating] acres . 

tons, 
tons sold. 



Clover, timothy, and mixtures of clover 
and grasses cut for hay 



acres . 

tons, 
tons sold . 



Lespedeza cut for hay. 



acres . 

tons, 
tons sold. 



Oats, wheat, barley, rye, or other 
small grains cut for hay 



acres . 

tons, 
tons sold . 

Grass silage made from grasses, alfalfa, 

clover, or small grains acres. 

tons, green weight. 

Other hay cut acres ■ 

tons, 
tons sold . 

Nursery products sold dollars . 

Cut flowers, potted plants, florist greens, 
and bedding plants sold dollars . 

Vegetables grown under glass, flower seeds, 
vegetable seeds, vegetable plants, bulbs, 
and mushrooms sold dollars . 

Farms reporting by acres of com 
harvested for all purposes : 

Under 11 acres farms reporting. 

11 to 24 acres farms reporting . 

25 to 49 acres farms reporting . 

50 to 7*+ acres farms reporting . 

75 to 99 acres farms reporting . 

100 acres and over farms reporting . 

Farms reporting by acres of wheat 
threshed or combined : 

Under 10 acres farms reporting . 

10 to 24 acres farms reporting . 

25 to 49 acres farms reporting . 

50 to 99 acres farms reporting . 

100 to 199 acres farms reporting . 

200 to 299 acres farms reporting . 

300 to 499 acres farms reporting . 

500 to 999 acres farms reporting . 

1,000 acres and over farms reporting . 

Farms reporting by acres of soybeans (grown 
alone) harvested for all purposes : 

Under 25 acres farms reporting. 

25 to 49 acres farms reporting . 

50 to 99 acres farms reporting . 

100 acres and over farms reporting . 



29,229 
60,606 
U,499 



88,979 
97,913 
6,510 

36,302 

34,768 

1,935 



17,310 

17,590 

325 



2,790 
9,360 

50,006 

36,875 

2,260 



85,000 



75,700 



1,520 
3,436 
5,437 

3,502 
1,428 
1,500 



1,420 
5,159 
2,336 

675 
62 
2 



5,231 

3,643 

2,983 

805 



9,961 

20,033 

5,404 



39,224 

43,468 

5,126 

14,075 

13,220 

1,030 



6,160 

5,670 

140 



825 
3,005 

15,413 

10,255 

770 



350 
1,280 
2,705 

2,077 

926 

1,133 



645 
2,965 
1,622 

522 

47 

1 



2,186 

2,212 

2,304 

669 



996 

2,518 

794 



455 

604 

6 



150 

300 



2,540 
6,970 
3,070 


3,385 

5,895 

905 


7,839 

9,869 

785 


14,805 
16,110 
2,615 


1,190 

1,270 

50 


4,010 

3,785 

250 


435 
520 
95 


1,390 
1,295 


130 
700 


460 
1,775 


2,270 

1,185 

40 


5,275 

3,350 

215 



125 

136 
360 



20 
95 
176 

280 
31 



20 

85 

261 

252 



50 
415 

701 
440 
501 



60 
700 
841 



141 

445 

1,111 

330 



1,780 

2,980 

390 



9,965 
10,865 
1,045 

4,135 

3,875 

375 



1,880 
1,685 

25 



200 
360 

4,065 

2,905 

375 



25 

320 

1,065 

806 
260 
167 



155 

1,200 

525 



595 

1,036 

736 

60 



615 
925 
145 



5,300 

5,085 

635 

3,510 

3,295 

340 



1,775 

1,445 

10 



5 
50 

3,035 

2,190 

140 



645 
745 
100 



860 
935 

40 

1,190 

965 

15 



530 
425 

10 



30 
120 



770 
625 



125 
540 
925 

390 
90 
50 



285 
840 
70 



200 
370 
290 

50 
10 



125 
125 



995 
610 
160 



435 
35 

15 



80 



SIZE OF OPERATION BY TYPE OF FARM 



Table 2.-SUBREGI0N 63 .-FARMS AND FARM CHARACTERISTICS FOR CASH-GRAIN FARMS, BY ECONOMIC CLASS: 

CENSUS OF 1954 

[Data are based on reports for only a sajnple of farms. See text J 



Item 
(For definitions and explanations, see text) 



All 

commercial 
farms 



Economic class 



FJimS, ACREAGE, AND VALUE 

FsrHS number. 

Percent distribution percent. 

Land ID fans acres. 

Percent distribution percent. 

Average size of farm acres. 

Value of land eod buiidiags; 

Average per farm dollars , 

Average per acre dollars . 

Land io farna according to uae: 

Cropland harvested farms reporting . 

acres . 

Percent distribution percent. 

Cropland used only for pasture farms reporting. 

acres . 

Cropland not harvested and not pastured farms reporting. 

acres. 
Cropland used only for crops 

not harvested and not pastured farms reporting. 

acres . 

Cropland lying idle farms reporting . 

acres. 

Woodland pastured farms reporting. 

acres. 
Woodland not pastured farms reporting. 

acres. 
Other pasture (not cropland 
and not woodland ) farms reporting. 

acres. 
Improved (see text).^ farms reporting. 

acres. 
Other land (house lots, roads, 
wasteland, etc.) farms reporting. 

acres. 
Cropland, total farms reporting. 

acres. 
I^nd pastured, total farms reporting. 

acres. 
Woodland, total farms reporting. 

acres . 
Irrigated land in farms farms reporting . 

acres. 

USE OF COWJERCIAL EERTILIZER 

Crops on which conmercial fertilizer was used, 1954: 

Hay and cropland pasture^ farms reporting. 

tons, 
acres on which used. 

Other pasture farms reporting. 

tons, 
acres on which used. 

■^"^ farms reporting . 

tons, 
acres on which used. 

""®" farms reporting. 

tons. 
acres on which used . 

Fruits, vegetables, and potatoes farms reporting. 

tons. 
acres on which used. 

Other crops farms reporting. 

tons. 
acres on which used. 

RESIDENCE OF FARM OPERATOR 

Residing on farm operated operators reportin^^. 

Not residing on farm operated operators reporting . 

Operators not reporting residence number. 

FARMS BY SIZE 

Under 10 acres number . 

10 to 29 acres number. 

30 to 49 acres nujnber. 

50 to 69 acres number. 

70 to 99 acres number. 

100 to 139 acres number. 

140 to 179 acres number. 

180 to 219 acres number . 

220 to 259 acres number . 

260 to 499 acres number. 

500 to 999 acres number . 

1,000 acres and over number. 

.'ARM 0PERA3OTS BY COLOR AND TENIIRE 

All fara operatora: 

Owners, part owners, and managers number. 

All tenants number. 

All white operatora: 

Owners, part owners, and managers number. 

All tenants number . 

All oonwhite operatora: 

Owners, part owners, and managers number. 

All tenants number. 



46,755 

XXX 

10,099,493 

XXX 

216.0 

71,726 
325.25 

45,164 
7,959,819 

XXX 

26,450 

683,971 

5,007 

125,772 

2,693 
71,798 

2,591 
53,974 

8,278 
386,289 

3,347 
114,294 

14,421 

409,649 

2,383 

45,749 

44,333 

419,699 

45,534 

8,769,562 

39,406 

1.479,909 

10,370 

500,583 

66 

697 



5,482 

41,450 

157,082 

1,026 

4,679 

21, 143 

27,374 
244,593 
1,774,205 
11,562 
47,486 
330,262 

487 
3,135 
16,758 
11,517 
80,688 
436,765 



42,660 

3,163 

932 



890 
1,096 
1,236 

960 
3,785 
4,703 

9,201 
5,855 
6,100 
11,136 
1,670 
123 



22,592 
24,163 



22,567 
24,158 



33,124 
100.0 

7,646,673 
100.0 
230.8 

77,835 
335.65 

33,124 
6,278,545 

100.0 

13,466 

445,188 

3,843 
97,262 

2,107 
55,624 

1,933 
41,638 

4,630 

207,331 

2,253 

81,038 

9,848 

233,595 

1,596 

27,544 

31,338 

303,714 

33,124 

6,820,995 

27,424 

886,114 

6,126 

288,369 

15 

170 



3,722 
28,128 

107,013 

653 

2,505 

12,272 

20,325 

187,809 

1,379,553 

9,173 

39,059 

274,670 

227 

793 

4,455 

8,605 

59,631 

336,112 



30,016 

2,512 

5% 



40 

255 

520 

475 

2,330 

3,108 

6,926 
4,530 
4,790 
8,805 
1,260 
85 



13,831 
19,293 



13, 8U 
19,288 



2,299 
6.9 

1,192,115 

15.6 

518.5 

189, 510 

367.47 

2,299 

1,007,207 

16.0 

1,562 

64,519 

394 

16,036 

211 
9,155 

199 
6,831 

295 

24,953 

159 

9,173 

806 

33,003 

200 

5,897 

2,241 

37,224 

2,299 

1,087,762 

2,057 

122,475 

413 

34,126 



357 

3,473 

15,543 

93 

404 

2,472 

1,816 

41,219 

272,858 

1,097 

8,907 

61,308 

32 

56 

560 

852 

9,667 

67,241 



2,064 
194 

41 



5 

5 

25 

1,320 

870 

74 



1,109 
1,190 



1,109 
1,185 



3,980,099 

52.1 

268.3 

91,750 
344.78 

14,834 

3,341,965 

53.2 

9,124 

228,294 

1,717 

43,780 

1,016 

27,914 

782 

15,866 

1,799 

82,408 

723 

29,081 

4,387 

106,362 

826 

13,662 

14,249 

148,209 

14,334 

3,614,039 

12j746 

417,064 

2,276 

111,489 



2,110 

16,766 

62,535 

300 

1,353 

5,940 

10,051 

101,402 

740,440 

4,530 

20,069 
139,522 

110 

460 

2,840 

4,603 

33,844 

182,805 



13,647 
912 
275 



15 
IBO 

2,110 
2,310 
3,500 
6,375 
335 



4,890 
9,944 



4,890 
9,944 



10,425 
31.5 

1,355,628 
24.3 
178.1 

55,662 
315.75 

10,425 

1,482,112 

23.6 

5,670 

115,740 

1,132 

24,786 

505 
12,595 

587 
12,091 

1,486 

62,045 

721 

24,119 

3,095 

63,690 

410 

5,755 

9,808 

84,136 

10,425 

1,622,638 

8,656 

241,475 

1,952 

86,164 

10 

160 



920 

6,415 

23,140 

190 

598 

2,900 

5,738 

34,798 

280,375 

2,421 

7,568 

53,975 

55 

245 

955 

2,235 

12,958 

57,455 



9,434 
821 
170 



10 

25 

650 

1,792 

4,031 

1,865 

1,065 

935 

50 

2 



4,232 
6,193 



4,232 
6,193 



3,881 

U.7 

480,331 

6.3 

123.9 

33,985 

278.34 

3,831 

361,735 

5.3 

1,510 

27,010 

395 

7,750 

195 
4,290 

230 
3,450 

675 
24,590 

385 
11,985 

1,085 

22,420 

120 

1,830 

3,550 

25,290 

3,881 

395,496 

2,845 

74,120 

905 

36,575 

5 

10 



275 

1,170 

5,015 

50 

91 

575 

1,870 
7,866 

67,020 

820 

1,902 

15,490 

20 

25 

75 

715 

2,622 

15,520 



3,386 
420 
75 



5 

165 

235 

1,285 

946 

655 
275 
175 
U5 
5 



2,280 
1,601 



2,280 
1,601 



1,250 
3.8 

110,450 

1.4 

88.4 

20,453 
226.90 

1,250 

71,030 

1.1 

400 

7,585 
170 

4,235 

50 

1,390 

110 

2,845 

295 

10,280 

185 

4,900 

350 

5,735 

25 

315 

1,125 

6,695 

1,250 

82,850 

850 

23,500 

400 

15,180 



50 

282 

705 

20 

59 

385 

635 

2,094 

15,935 

260 

5C3 

3,830 

5 

5 

20 

165 

474 

2,590 



1,100 
120 
30 



130 
270 
170 
290 
165 

105 
60 
20 
40 



955 
295 



955 
295 



CASH-GRAIN FARMS 



81 



Table2 -SUBREGION 63 -FARMS AND FARM CHARACTKRISTICS FOR CASH-GRAIN FARMS, BY ECONOMIC CLASS: 

CENSUS OF 19,54-Continue(l 

[Data are based on reports for only a sample of farms. See text] 



Item 
(For definitions and explanations, see text) 



All 

commercial 

farms 



Economic class 



FAHU OPERATORS BY AGE 

Under 25 years operators reporting.., 

25 to 3^ years operators reporting.., 

35 to ^ years operators reporting... 

45 to 5i years operators reporting. . . 

55 to 64 years operators reporting... 

65 years and over operators reporting . , . 

OFF-FARM WORK AND OTHER INCOME 

Fara operators — 

With other income of family exceeding value of farm 

products sold operators reporting... 

Working off their farms, by days 

worked, total operators reporting. . . 

None operators reporting. . . 

1 to 99 days operators reporting. . . 

100 to 199 days operators reporting.,. 

200 days or more operators reporting. . . 

FARMS BY CLASS OF WORX POVIER 

No tractor, horses, or mules farms reporting... 

No tractor and only 1 horse or mule farms reporting... 

No tractor and 2 or more horses and/ or mules farms reporting... 

Tractor and horses and/or mules farms reporting... 

Tractor and no horses or mules farms reporting. . . 

SPECIFIED FACILITIES AND EQUIPMENT 

Telephone farms reporting. . . 

Electricity farms reporting. . . 

Television set farms reporting... 

Piped running water farms reporting. . . 

Home freezer farms reporting. . . 

Electric pig brooder farms reporting... 

Power feed grinder farms reporting. . . 

miking machine farms reporting. . . 

(k'ain combines farms reporting . . . 

number . . . 
Com pickers farms reporting. . . 

number . . . 
Pick-up hay balers farms reporting... 

number . . . 
Field forage harvesters farms reporting . . . 

number . . . 
Jfctortrucks farms reporting. . . 

number. . . 
Tractors farms reporting. . . 

number . . . 
wheel tractors other than garden farms reporting... 

number . . . 
Garden tractors farms reporting . . . 

number . . . 
Crawler tractors farms reporting... 

number 

Automobiles farms reporting. . . 

number . . . 

FARM LABOR 

Week of Oct. 24-30: 

Family and/ or hired workers farms reporting. . . 

persons. . . 

Family workers, including operator farms reporting 

Operators working 1 hour or more persons... 

1 to 14 hours persons... 

15 hours or more persons... 

Unpaid members of operator's family farms reporting... 

persons . . . 

Hired workers farms reporting... 

persons . . . 
Regular workers (to be employed 

150 days or more ) farms reporting. . . 

persons. . . 
Seasonal workers (to be employed 

less than 150 days) farms reporting 

persons . . . 

SPECIFIED FARM EXPENDITURES 

Specified farm expenditures^ farms reporting. . . 

Machine hire and/or hired labor farms reporting. . . 

Machine hire farms repor ting . . . 

dollars . . . 

Hired labor farms reporting. . . 

dollars. . . 

$1 to $499 farms reporting... 

$500 to $999 farms reporting. . . 

$1,000 to $2,499 farms reporting... 

$2,500 to $4,999 farms reporting... 

$5,000 and over farms reporting... 

Feed for livestock and poultry farms reporting. . . 

dollars . . . 

Gasoline and other petroleum fuel and oil farms reporting... 

dollars. . . 
Commercial fertilizer and 

fertilizing material farms reporting... 

dollars . . . 

tons . . . 

acres on which used . . . 

Lljne and liming material farms reporting. . . 

dollars . . . 

tons 

acres on which used . . . 



945 

7,837 

11,473 

10,539 

9,190 

5,954 



2,390 

14,333 
29,854 
10,375 
1,344 
2,614 



3,331 
160 
395 

6,260 
36,609 



39,779 
45,482 
26,601 
35,514 
28,755 

4,296 
17,027 

8,325 

30,659 

31,797 

34,472 

35,937 

7,423 

7,477 

2,656 

2,687 

28,864 

31,702 

43,124 

96,580 

42,853 

86,134 

9,204 

9,385 

959 

1,061 

43,497 

56,195 



43,737 
79,783 
43,179 
42,417 
8,670 
33,747 
14, 253 
19,475 
12,208 
17,891 

6,588 
8,461 

6,743 
9,430 



46,605 

38,768 

32,954 

9,237,339 

26,291 

22,309,632 

16,313 

3,102 

4,779 

1,595 

502 

39,482 
58,815,175 

43,638 
31,999,466 

32,616 

23,308,285 

426,075 

2,739,153 

13,671 

3,236,924 

920,727 

443,087 



750 
5,945 
8,331 
7,4S3 
6,385 
3,721 



1,268 

10,250 
21,054 

7,765 
983 

1,502 



1,545 

65 

145 

3,855 

27,514 



28,077 
32,273 
19,863 
24,797 
20,315 

2,328 
11,106 

5,270 

23,727 

24,671 

2<j,084 

27,178 

4,608 

4,631 

1,145 

1,162 

20,561 

22,370 

31,464 

71,030 

31,359 

63,672 

6,564 

6,688 

606 

670 

31,389 

40,043 



30,931 
55,601 
30,539 
30,052 

6,057 
23,995 

9,866 
13,473 

8,749 
12,076 

4,450 
5,355 

5,060 
6,721 



33,089 

27,937 

23,866 

6,708,713 

18,781 

13,459,055 

11,977 

2,272 

3,388 

905 

239 

26,771 
24,729,066 

31,732 
24,239,983 

24,064 

17,741,736 

322,388 

2,119,103 

9,994 

2,414,758 

681,912 

328,382 



388 
856 
564 
307 
120 



22 



653 
1,533 

557 
27 
69 



5 

465 

1,779 



2,160 
2,289 
1,796 
2,125 
1,853 

377 
1,061 

284 

2,190 

2,501 

2,227 

2,624 

661 

663 

273 

238 

2,057 

2,780 

2,254 

8,203 

2,244 

7,237 

673 

722 

200 

249 

2,274 

4,431 



2,249 
6,249 
2,183 
2,151 

377 
1,774 

326 
1,278 
1,674 
2,820 

1,377 
1,9% 

636 
324 



2,299 

2,189 

1,683 

817,618 

2,058 

4,863,824 

317 

207 

846 

510 

178 

2,003 
4,051,711 

2,234 
3,731,405 

2,019 

3,745,295 

65,190 

420, 930 

1,030 

449,890 

125,780 

61,214 



290 
3,102 
4,362 
3,498 
2,372 

990 



165 

4,187 

9,805 

3,647 

285 

255 



405 

20 

10 

1,794 

12,605 



13,327 
14,624 
9,939 
12,222 
10,155 
1,336 
5,734 
2,931 

12,434 

12,907 

13,264 

U,316 

2,512 

2,518 

632 

639 

10,578 

11, 339 

14,414 

35,656 

14,394 

31,809 

3,541 

3,591 

251 

256 

14,429 

18,520 



14,179 
26,894 
14,003 
13,788 
2,330 
11,458 
4,833 
6,685 
5,010 
6,421 

2,538 
2,754 

2,809 
3,667 



14,819 

13,219 

11,069 

3,315,563 

10,013 

6,663,486 

6,035 

1,425 

2,172 

330 

51 

12,712 
13,591,460 

14,349 
12,733,576 

11,857 

9,760,488 

175,621 

1,U6,803 

5,177 

1,296,429 

368,420 

178,033 



275 
1,840 
2,292 
2,356 
2,191 
1,341 



340 

3,364 

6,526 

2,596 

331 

437 



485 

15 

35 

1,031 

3,359 



8,589 
10,104 
5,757 
7,264 
5,742 
475 
3,101 
1,700 

6,978 

7,083 

7,803 

7,878 

1,135 

1,145 

185 

185 

5,601 

5,821 

9,895 

19,415 

9,885 

17,610 

1,670 

1,690 

105 

115 

9,330 

11,566 



9,603 
15,383 
9,518 
9,338 

1,905 
7,483 
2,972 
3,900 
1,555 
2,100 

425 
455 

1,195 
1,645 



10,410 

8,384 

7,364 

1,806,412 

4,800 

1,479,095 

3,930 

510 

310 

40 

10 

8,271 

5,657,380 

10,053 

5,396,437 

6,978 

3,279,538 

63,754 

430,595 

2,637 

501,534 

140,387 

67,505 



85 
515 
586 

730 

1,085 

815 



401 

1,331 

2,305 

635 

250 

446 



310 

10 

30 

390 

3,141 



2,911 

3,701 

1,721 

2,296 

1,910 

60 

390 

315 

1,635 

1,650 

2,170 

2,240 

235 

235 

35 

35 

1,710 

1,800 

3,546 

5,876 

3,531 

5,391 

450 

455 

30 

30 

3,556 

4,036 



3,460 
5,130 
3,420 
3,330 

385 
2,445 

925 
1,245 

400 

555 

30 
110 

335 

445 



3,881 

2,945 

2,655 

575,500 

1,450 

342,695 

1,270 

110 

60 

10 



2,680 
1,121,740 

3,716 
1,505,475 

2,305 
747,870 
13,789 
102,640 
395 
134,245 
38,925 
17,675 



30 
95 
160 
260 
320 
320 



575 
600 
190 
90 
295 



15 
145 
905 



820 
1,165 
530 
690 
480 

30 
220 

40 

385 
385 

505 

505 

45 

45 

10 

10 

525 

540 

1,035 

1,480 

1,050 

1,305 

165 

165 

10 

10 

1,000 

1,155 



1,110 

1,520 

1,090 

1,075 

400 

675 

240 

280 

95 

165 

20 
30 

80 
135 



1,250 

945 

375 

158,385 

365 

83,170 

345 

5 

15 



850 

257, UO 

1,060 

271,230 

710 
72,015 
3,382 
24, U5 
200 
28,295 
7,075 
3,290 



30 
5 
75 
75 
110 
135 



90 

285 

90 



115 
15 
50 
30 

225 



270 

390 
120 
200 
175 



105 

145 

115 

115 

20 

20 

5 

5 

90 

90 

270 

395 

255 

320 

65 

65 

10 

10 

300 

335 



330 
420 
325 
320 
160 
160 
70 
35 
15 
15 

10 
10 

5 
5 



430 

255 

220 

35,135 

95 

16,735 

80 

15 



250 
39,625 

315 
50,860 

195 

36,580 

642 

4,020 

55 

4,365 

1,325 

1,160 



Excludes farms reporting expenditures for commercial fertilizer and lime. 



82 



SIZE OF OPERATION BY TYPE OF FARM 



T Ki 9 -SIIRREGION 63 -FARMS AND FARM CHARACTERISTICS FOR CASH-GRAIN FARMS, BY ECONOMIC CLASS: 
'^ CENSUS OF 1954-Continued 



[Data are based on reports for onl^ a sajiple of farms. See text] 



(For definitions apd ejcplanations, see text) 



All 

commercial 

farms 



ESTIMATED VALUE OF FARM PRODOCTS SOU) (see text) 
All farm products sold dollars... 

All crops sold dollars. . . 

Field crops, other than vegetables 
and fruits and nuts, sold dollars... 

Vegetables sold dollars. . . 

Fruits and nuts sold dollars. . . 

Horticultural specialties sold dollars... 

All livestock and livestock products sold dollars... 

Dairy products sold dollars... 

Poultry and poultry products sold dollars. . . 

livestock and livestock products, other 

than dairy and poultry, sold dollars... 

Forest products sold dollars. . . 

LIVESTOCK AND LIVISTQCK FRODnCIS 

Livestock on hand; 

Horses and mules farms reporting — 

number . . . 

All cattle and calves farms reporting... 

number . . . 
Cows, including helfera that 

have calved farms reporting. . . 

number . . . 

Mtlk cows farms reporting... 

number . . . 

All hogs and pigs farms reporting. . . 

number . . . 

Bom before June 1 number. . . 

Chickens i months old and over — .farms reporting... 

number . . . 

Sheep, total <^^'^ reporting... 

number . . . 

Number 1 year and over: 

Ewes number. . . 

Rams and wethers number... 

Livestock and livestock products sold: 

Cattle and calves sold alive farms reporting... 

number . . . 
dollars . . . 

Hogs and pigs sold alive farms reporting... 

number . . . 
dollars . . . 

Chickens sold farms reporting... 

dollars . . . 

Chicken eggs sold farms reporting... 

dozens . . . 
dollars . . . 

Milk sold' pounds . . , 

dollars . . , 

Sheep sold farms reporting... 

number . . 
dollars . . 

SPECIFIED CROPS HARVESTED 

Com for all purposes farms reporting... 

acres. .. 

Com hsrvested for grain farms reporting... 

acres . . . 

bushels harvested . . . 

bushels sold. .. 

Wheat threshed or combined farms reporting... 

acres . . . 

bushels harvested... 

bushels sold. . . 

Oats threshed or combined farms reporting... 

acres . . . 

bushels harvested . . . 

bushels sold. .. 

Barley threshed or combined farms reporting . . . 

acres . . . 

bushels harvested . . . 

bushels sold. . . 



Rye threshed or cc 



bined farms reporting.. 

acres . . 

bushels harvested . . 

bushels sold . . 



Soybeans harvested for all purposes .. farms reporting... 

Soybeans harvested for beans farms reporting... 

acres . . . 
bushels harvested . . . 

Soybeans cut for hay farms reporting . . . 

acres . . . 
tons harvested... 

Vegetables harvested for sale farms reporting . . . 

dollars . . . 



575,355,961 

372,567,714 

366,463,764 
3,441.171 
158,659 
2,504,120 
202,627,583 
22,461,579 
19,175,402 

160,990,602 
160,664 



6,815 

16,026 

39,282 

1,053,037 

36,380 

387,672 

25,743 

158,724 

25,778 

1,521,700 

684,589 

33,053 

5,573,574 

10,134 
243,700 



Economic class 



134,599 
11,627 



34,405 

553,556 

34,128,631 

25,343 

1,673,955 

72,818,140 

21,095 
3,870,540 

26,034 
40,566,403 
12,738,485 

748,938,325 
22,461,579 

3,054 

198,014 

3,129,845 



44,331 
3,523,572 

43,995 
3,446,306 

188,510,027 
132,299,016 

17,315 

465,888 

14,871,471 

13,999,448 

35,948 

1,267,321 

50,U5,739 

26,030,915 

393 

6,002 

199,765 

71,285 

1,762 

24,309 

424,415 

235,112 

35,331 
1,963,418 

35,530 

1,950,898 

49,771,115 

926 

6,244 

9,463 

1,541 

3,441,171 



401,168,073 
327,558,254 

326,519,391 

960,245 

19,613 

59,000 

73,531,537 

11,481,645 

7,7Cr7,483 

54,342,404 
73,282 



4,065 

3,627 

27,271 

590,543 

25,667 

250,417 

17,238 

95,547 

15,918 

614,869 

233,257 

22,834 

3,272,230 

7,037 
129,737 



73,435 
7,414 



23,085 

239,425 

28,450,231 

15,698 

593,879 

24,271,853 

14,024 
1,313,717 

17,536 
20,360,523 
6,052,611 

401,285,529 
11,481,645 

5,383 

73,882 

1,189,583 



32,879 
2,742,756 

32,819 

2,714,377 

147,852,597 

119,255,484 

13,770 

391,517 

12,578,549 

11,918,344 

26,697 

951, 924 

37,059,309 

22,426,480 

277 

4,627 

148,895 

57,395 

1,132 
17,545 
237,970 
210,205 

29,249 
1,736,724 

29,154 

1,728,089 

44,441,759 

641 
4,144 
6,458 

894 

960,245 



79,017,100 
63,635,616 

63,416,654 

217,515 

1,447 

15,334,805 

1,170,615 

758,142 

13,406,048 
46,679 



475 
1,140 
2,091 
94,077 

1,922 

33,558 

1,327 

7,819 

1,402 

106,995 

43,886 

1,434 

222,426 

605 
17,843 



223,543,703 
183,140,818 

182,556,300 

553,205 

8,313 

23,000 

40,334,297 

6,683,290 

4,283,050 

29,412,957 
18,593 



1,824 

3,449 

12,853 

309,978 

12,138 

131,672 

7,854 

47,866 

7,870 

323,616 

153,223 

10,338 

1,661,890 

3,487 
66,419 



9,313 
1,504 



1,952 

49,453 

7,754,971 

1,446 

124,682 

5,332,049 

367 
123,493 

1,052 

1,531,743 

474,189 

33,550,396 
1,170,615 

527 

11, 9U 
198,739 



2,299 
427,452 

2,299 

423,458 

26,039,782 

21,951,834 

1,481 

83,182 

2,876,312 

2,752,346 

2,053 

131,037 

6,119,154 

4,121,960 

21 

457 

18,725 

6,405 

129 
2,665 
54,650 
35,930 

2,261 
314,575 

2,261 

313,189 

9,052,317 

25 
105 
195 

103 
217,515 



40,237 
3,260 



11,547 

126,301 

15,030,239 

7,951 

326,553 

13,557,670 

6,906 
717,650 

3,258 

11,503,675 

3,432,225 

236,202,251 
6,688,290 

2,711 

40,711 

617,534 



14,799 
1,451,634 

14,794 

1,441,349 

82,081,650 

68,009,500 

6,498 

194,160 

6,376,942 

6,062,033 

13,004 

525,187 

20,916,765 

12,790,855 

151 

2,720 

89,595 

33,900 

387 

6,270 

107,055 

77,000 

13,779 

925, 6U 

13,779 

922,530 

24,551,503 

236 
1,759 
3,628 

501 
553,205 



79,632,086 
65,192,075 

65,041,109 

135,710 

4,256 

11,000 

14,430,836 

2,930,190 

2,034,956 

9,465,690 
9,175 



1,081 

2,313 

3,512 

144,363 

8,027 

65,642 

5,572 

29,532 

4,706 

143,078 

67,953 

7,402 

1,007,099 

2,145 
33,710 



21,505 
1,970 



7,066 

50,706 

4,636,541 

4,586 

115,369 
4,381,499 

4,481 
357,254 

5,706 
5,584,455 
1,643,967 

105,463,393 
2,930,190 

1,605 

19,640 

286,370 



10,395 
657,009 

10,365 

648,024 

1,646,470 

23,835,865 



3,951 

85,465 

536,980 

,376,720 



3,510 

233,290 

8,232,915 

4,585,370 

60 

945 

29,275 

12,000 

406 

6,020 

89,310 

72,060 

9,059 
382,465 

9,014 

380,275 

8,718,319 

225 
1,485 

1,820 

195 

135,710 



15,976,313 
13,089,036 

13,038,705 

45,215 

5,U6 

2,883,877 
624,000 
502,815 

1,757,062 

3,400 



430 

970 

2,810 

34,670 

2,695 

16,275 

1,890 

8,430 

1,390 

29,210 

14,100 

2,590 

291,840 

590 
8,750 



5,435 
460 



2,000 

11,125 

353,235 

1,235 

21,840 

306,690 

1,350 
93,120 

1,875 

1,393,330 

402,355 

23,189,337 
624,000 

390 

5,235 

66,825 



3,8U 
164,641 

3,791 

161,096 

6,791,435 

4,653,545 

1,325 

22,140 

612,045 

568,720 

2,520 

49,795 

1,559,940 

818,810 

25 

305 

5,700 

2,640 

105 

1,325 

20,935 

15,345 

3,Cf70 
92,480 

3,040 

91,175 

1,779,020 

100 
420 
480 
75 
45,215 



2,606,322 
2,164,770 

2,160,460 

4,000 
310 

4A1,117 

63,295 

110,325 

267,497 
435 



160 

495 

755 

6,425 

685 
2,330 

495 
1,520 

430 
6,020 
3,420 

775 
69,220 

205 
2,540 



1,620 
205 



445 

1,665 

114,390 

350 

4,390 

127,070 

340 
23,065 

525 
295,405 
35,960 

2,633,353 
53,295 

125 

1,140 

17,105 



1,225 
34,090 

1,220 

33,090 

1,125,135 

713,540 

425 

5,750 

152,570 

138,975 

505 
6,575 

202,090 
99,825 

15 

170 

4,400 

1,700 

90 
1,155 
13,595 
7,495 

855 
18,000 

840 
17,445 
292,040 

40 

310 

280 

10 

4,000 



392,544 
335,939 

306,163 
4,600 
176 
25,000 
56,605 
5,255 
13,200 

33,150 



95 

255 

245 

1,035 

200 
440 
150 
330 
120 
950 
675 
295 
19,755 

55 

475 



75 

170 

10,855 

80 

545 

16,875 



120 
51,865 
13,915 

246,799 
5,255 

25 
245 

3,010 



350 
7,930 

350 

7,360 

163,125 

91,200 

90 

820 

23,700 

19,550 

105 
1,040 
28,445 
9,660 

5 

30 

1,200 

750 

15 

110 

2,375 

2,375 

225 
3,590 

220 

3,475 

48,560 

15 
65 
55 

10 
4,600 



'includes milk equivalent of cream and butterfat sold. 



CASH-GRAIN FARMS 



83 



Table 2.-SUBREGI0N 63 -FARMS AND FARM CHARACTERISTICS FOR CASH-GRAIN FARMS, BY ECONOMIC CLASS: 

CENSUS OF 1954-Conlinued 

[ruta are Iwaed an rcporta for only a sample of faivs. See text] 



Item 
(For deflnltlcms and explBiiatlons, aee text) 



ill 

coBmerclal 

farms 



Econcmlc cIbbb 



SPECIFIED CROPS HARVESTED — Contlnuod 

Land in bearing and nonbearing rruit 
orchards, groves, vineyards, and 

planted nut trees' farms reporting .. 

acres . . . 

Alfalfa and alfalfa mijdures cut for hay 

(and for dehydrating) acres... 

tons. . . 

tons sold. . . 

Clover, timothy, and mixtures of clover 

and grasses cut for hay acres... 

tons . . . 
tons sold . . . 

Lespedeza cut for hay acres... 

tons . . . 
tons sold . . . 

Oats, wheat, barley, rye, or other 

small grains cut for hay acres . . . 

tons . . . 
tons sold . . . 

Grass silage made from grasses, alfalfa, clover, 

or small grains acres . . . 

tons, green weight .. . 

Other hay cut acres.. . 

tons . . . 
tons sold . . . 

Nursery products sold dollars ... 

Cut flowers, potted plants, florist greens, 

and bedding plants sold dollars . . . 

Vegetables grown under glass, flower seeds, vegetable seeds, 

vegetable plants, bulbs, and mushrooms sold dollars... 

Farms reporting by acres of com 
harvested for all purposes: 

Under 11 acres farms reporting . . . 

11 to 24 acres farms reporting . . . 

25 to <V9 acres farms reporting... 

50 to 74 acres farms reporting . . . 

75 to 99 acres farms reporting . . , 

100 acres and over farms reporting . . . 

Farms reporting by acres of wheat 
threshed or combined: 

Under 10 acres farms reporting . 

10 to 24 acres . . . . , farms reporting . 

25 to 49 acres .farms reportii:g . 

50 to 99 acres farms reporting . 

100 to 199 acres farms reporting . 

200 to 299 acres farms reporting . 

300 to 499 acres farms reporting . 

500 to 999 acres farms reporting . 

1,000 acres and over farms reporting. 

Farms reporting by acres of soybeans (grown 
alone) harvested for all purposes: 

Under 25 acred farms reporting . . . 

25 to 49 acres farms reporting... 

50 to 99 acres farms reporting... 

100 acres and over farms reporting... 



2,543 
2,713 



385,248 
819,473 
76,222 



243,567 

294,337 

25,060 

1,470 
1,470 



12,328 

15,148 

135 



17,566 
101,393 

8,091 

9,164 

335 

458,195 

1,561,850 

484,075 



916 

2,910 

8,335 
11,756 

8,437 
11,977 



1,245 
8,752 
5,418 
1,657 

230 



8,836 
11,313 



11,015 
4,667 



1,451 
1,474 



226,101 

465,184 

50,428 



177,637 
208,502 
21,670 

1,150 

1,200 

30 

6,371 

7,788 

130 



4,553 
22,333 

5,216 

5,519 

335 

500 

51,500 

7,000 



296 
1,485 

5,655 
9,053 
6,767 
9,623 



730 
6,710 
4,651 
1,455 

214 
5 

5 



5,690 
9,172 



10,009 
4,376 



126 
239 



36,254 

76,970 

6,998 



18,872 
23,032 
1,850 



545 
897 



883 
6,553 



516 
551 



10 

20 

15 

2,254 



15 
273 
434 
580 



55 

141 



538 

1,527 



630 
512 



120,704 
256,557 
28,855 



88,630 

107,990 

11,890 



280 

460 



2,741 

3,741 

65 



3,290 
13,740 



2,790 
3,068 



500 
22,500 



25 

435 
3,374 
4,560 
6,399 



150 
2,682 
2,886 

745 

35 



1,235 
3,610 



6,338 
2,596 



420 
450 



53,478 

102,532 

11,945 



52,505 
59,900 
6,425 

385 
330 

20 

2,040 

2,155 

40 



285 
1,940 

1,520 

1,490 
255 



4,000 
7,000 



20 
170 

2,705 

4,683 

1,997 

820 



205 
2,535 
1,081 

120 

10 



2,130 
4,051 



2,668 
210 



185 
204 



12,720 
23,950 
1,785 



14,380 
14,600 
1,235 

205 

180 



720 
735 



280 
375 



50 
605 

2,000 
876 
155 
125 



205 
890 
220 
10 



1,490 
1,120 



420 

40 



2,415 

4,420 

775 



2,940 

2,750 

270 

275 

225 

10 

325 

260 

25 



95 

100 



110 
540 

445 
75 
40 
15 



105 
290 
30 



590 
225 



15 
14 



530 
755 
70 



310 
230 



80 
15 



25,000 



110 
145 



60 
25 



50 
40 



190 
25 



'Does not include data for farms with less than 20 trees oi grapevines. See text. 



84 



SIZE OF OPERATION BY TYPE OF FARM 



Table 2 -SUBREGION 64 .-FARMS AND FARM CHARACTERISTICS FOR CASH-GRAIN FARMS, BY ECONOMIC CLASS: 

CENSUS OF 1954 

[Data are based on reports for only a sample of farms. See text] 



(For definitions and explanations, see text) 



FARMS, ACREJiGE, AND VALUE 



Faras 

Percent distribution.... 



number. 

. . . .percent. 



All 

Gonimercial 

farms 



Uod in far.. ""^"f • • • 

Percent distribution percent. . . 

Average size of farm acres... 

Value of land aad buiidinga: 

Average per farm dollars . . . 

Average per acre dollars . . . 

Land in faras according to use: 

Cropland harvested farms reporting . . . 

acres . , . 

Percent distribution percent. . . 

Cropland used only for pasture farms reporting. . . 

acres.. . 

Cropland not harvested and not pastured farms reporting... 

acres. . . 
Cropland used only for crops 

not harvested and not pastured farms reporting... 

acres.. . 

Cropland lying idle farms reporting... 

acres . . . 

Woodland pastured farms reporting^ . 

acres. . . 
Woodland not pastured farms reporting. . 

acres . . 
Other pasture (not cropland 
and not woodland) farms reporting. . 

acres. . 
Improved (see text).. farms reporting.. 

acres. . 
Other land (house lots, roads, 
wasteland, etc . ) farms reporting. . 

acres . . 
Cropland, total farms reporting. . 

acres. . 
Land pastured, total farms reporting.. 

acres . . 
Woodland, total farms reporting.. 

acres.. 
Irrigated land in farms farms reporting . . 

acres . . 

USE OF COMJERCIAL FERTILIZER 

Crops on which coanercial fertilizer was used, 19S4: 

Hay and cropland pasture farms reporting. . 

tons., 
acres on which used.. 

Other pasture farms reporting. . 

tons. . 
acres on which used.. 

Com farms reporting . . 

tons . . . 
acres on which used... 

yheat^ farms reporting . . . 

tons. . . 
acres on which used... 

Fruits, vegetables, and potatoes farms reporting... 

tons. . . 
acres on which used... 

Other crops farms reporting . . . 

tons . . . 
acres on which used... 

RESIDENCE OF FARM OPERATOR 

Residing on farm operated operators reporting, . . 

Not residing on farm operated operators reporting... 

Cfperators not reporting residence number . . . 

FARIE BY SIZE 

Under 10 acres number . . . 

10 to 29 acres number... 

30 to i9 acres number... 

50 to 69 acres number... 

70 to 99 acres number... 

100 to 139 acres number. . . 

UO to 179 acres number. . . 

180 to 219 acres number . . . 

220 to 259 acres number. . . 

260 to 499 acres number... 

500 to 999 acres number... 

1,000 acres and over number. . . 

FARM OPERATORS BY COLOR AND TENURE 

Ail fara operatora: 

Owners, part owners, and managers number.. 

All tenants number . . 

All white operatora: 

Owners, part owners, and managers number. . 

All tenants number . . 

Ail nonvbite operatora: 

Owners, part owners, and managers number.. 

All tenants number . . 



20,491 

XXX 

3,064,605 

XXX 

149.6 

41,295 
277.16 

19, 810 
2,197,718 

XXX 

10,891 

253,151 

4,033 

76,866 

2,041 
35,041 

2,387 
41,825 

5,701 

142,346 

3,475 

64,107 

5,278 

138,900 

634 

13,405 

19,669 

191,517 

20,030 

2,527,735 

15,345 

534,397 

8,179 

206,453 

138 

2,424 



3,234 
13,588 
86,262 
393 
1,066 
6,470 

15,669 

100,902 

793,299 

4,984 

15,280 

110,732 

1,368 

15,587 

44,317 

(HA) 

35,799 

275,789 



19,266 
863 
362 



Economic class 



NA Not available. 



985 

1,007 
1,446 
1,230 
3,075 
3,535 

3,255 
1,870 
1,4«0 
2,212 
313 
53 



14,944 

5,547 



14,909 
5,547 



6,711 
100.0 

1,116,516 
100.0 
166.4 

41,376 
249.85 

6,711 
868,191 

100.0 

2,853 
57,935 

1,552 
31,956 

683 
12,920 

996 
19,036 

1,353 
33,710 

1,403 
24,766 



1 


403 


32 


353 




167 


2 


120 


6 


396 


67 


605 


6 


711 


958 


082 


4 


318 


123 


,998 


2 


426 


58 


476 




10 




230 



742 

2,636 

17,395 

55 

143 

970 

5,426 

43,233 

327,012 

2,514 

9,131 

65,161 

231 

1,267 

5,705 

(KA) 

13,902 

115,113 



6,102 
474 
135 



25 

130 

635 

460 

1,095 

1,010 

990 
650 
535 
975 
135 
21 



4,940 
1,771 



4,930 
1,771 



265 
3.9 

142,707 
12.8 
538.5 

127,999 
235.62 

265 

115,223 

13.3 

168 

8,325 

77 

2,271 

33 

915 

51 

1,356 

32 
4,265 

88 
3,316 

32 

2,462 



255 

6,845 

265 

125,319 

202 

15,052 

150 

7,531 



Class II 



92 

680 
4,135 



260 
9,160 
53,135 
169 
1,895 
11,321 

6 

195 

375 

(NA) 

3,058 

16,513 



231 

29 

5 



160 
85 

20 



159 
106 



159 
106 



Class III 



1,591 

23.7 

432,719 

38.7 
272.0 

67,816 
255.12 

1,591 

349,768 

40.2 

735 

19,000 

295 

7,785 

155 
3,170 

145 
4,615 

366 

13,380 

320 

6,550 

376 
14,176 

60 
975 

1,546 

22,060 

1,591 

376, 553 

1,171 

46,556 

591 

19,930 



230 

904 

6,055 

20 

57 

435 

1,461 

17,253 

135,227 

810 

3,692 

^,725 

80 

620 

3,015 

(NA) 

5,326 

43,055 



1,466 
110 



190 
260 
390 
675 
45 
1 



886 
705 



1,785 
26.7 

283,465 
25.4 
158.8 

40,630 
256.74 

1,785 

224,965 

25.9 

845 

14,240 

315 

7,050 

165 
3,600 

135 
3,450 

305 
6,590 

365 
6,420 

440 

8,005 

35 

370 

1,725 

16,195 

1,785 

246,255 

1,210 

28,835 

585 

13,010 



180 

458 

3,305 

20 

38 

365 

1,505 
9,440 

78,655 

685 

1,972 

14,950 

55 

192 

1,240 

(NA) 

3,120 

29,195 



1,665 
35 
35 



5 

5 

10 

205 

430 

595 
310 
125 
100 



1,225 
560 



1,225 
560 



1,540 
22.9 

162,545 
U.6 
105.5 

24,790 
233.96 

1,540 

117,755 

13.6 

545 

9,765 

395 

6,940 

175 
2,955 

260 
3,985 

305 
4,670 

365 
5,355 

320 

4,925 

30 

220 

1,435 

13,135 

1,540 

134,460 

870 

19,360 

585 

10,025 

230 



160 

436 

2,755 

10 

6 

60 

1,200 
4,574 
39,420 
515 
1,096 
3,450 

65 

216 

885 

(NA) 

1,544 

13,715 



1,365 
135 
40 



5 

20 
120 
115 
565 

410 



1,270 
270 



1,270 
270 



Class VI 



1,150 

17.1 

76,475 
6.8 
66.5 

17,426 
252.38 

1,150 

51,125 

5.9 

425 

5,190 
345 

5,590 

95 

1,440 

280 

4,150 

225 
3,580 

185 
1,790 

190 

2,335 

35 

410 

1,090 

6,865 

1,150 

61,905 

635 

11,105 

375 

5,370 



153 

1,145 

5 

42 

110 

810 

2,566 

18,415 

275 

402 

2,915 

15 
42 
180 
(NA) 
749 
6,670 



1,025 
90 
35 



70 
365 
285 
255 

135 

20 
10 



1,040 
110 



1,035 
110 



380 
5.7 

18,605 

1.7 

49.0 

12,626 

262.70 

380 
9,355 

1.1 

85 

1,415 

125 
2,320 

60 

840 

75 

1,480 

75 
1,225 



45 

450 

5 

65 

345 
2,505 

380 
13,090 

180 
3,090 

140 
2,560 



190 

245 

2,110 

60 

74 

600 

10 
2 
10 
(NA) 
105 
965 



350 

25 

5 



20 

85 

145 

45 

65 

15 



360 
20 



355 
20 



^Data relate only to that part of the subregion located in Indiana and Illinois. 



CASH-GRAIN FARMS 



85 



Table 2.-SUBREGI0N 64 -FARMS AND FARM CHARACTERISTICS FOR CASH-GRAIIN FARMS, BY ECOMOMIC CLASS.- 

CENSUS OF 1954-Conlinued 

[Data are based on reports for onl^ a saii5)le of farms. See text] 



Item 
(For definitions and explanations, see text) 



All 

commercial 

farms 



Economic class 



FARM OPERATORS BY AGE 

Under 25 years operators reporting. 

25 to 34 years operators reporting. 

35 to 44 years operators reporting . 

45 to 54 years operators reporting. 

55 to 64 years operators reporting . 

65 years and over operators reporting . 

OFF-FARM WORX AND OTHER INCOlffi 

Fara operatora— 

With other income of fajnily exceeding value of farm 

products sold operators reporting. 

Working off their farms, by days 

worked, total operators reporting. 

None ^ operators reporting . 

1 to 99 days operators reporting. 

100 to 199 days operators reporting. 

200 days or more operators reporting. 

FARIB BY CLASS OF WORK POWEH 

No tractor, horses, or mules farms reporting . 

No tractor and only 1 horse or mule farms reporting. 

No tractor and 2 or more horses and/or mules farms reporting. 

Tractor and horses and/or mules farms reporting. 

Tractor and no horses or mules farms reporting. 

SPECIFIED FACIUTIES ADD EQUIPMENT 

Telephone farms reporting. 

Electricity farms reporting. 

Television set farms reporting. 

Piped running water , farms reporting. 

Home freezer farms reporting. 

Electric pig brooder farms reporting . , 

Power feed grinder farms reporting. , 

Milking machine farms reporting. , 

Grain combines farms reporting . . 

number . . 
Com pickers farms reporting.. 

number . . 
Pick-up hay balers farms reporting.. 

number . . 
Field forage harvesters farms reporting. . 

number . . 
Jtotortrucks farms reporting.. 

number . . 
Tractors farms reporting. . 

number . . 
Wheel tractors other than garden farms reporting.. 

number . . 
Garden tractors farms reporting.. 

number . . 
Crawler tractors farms reporting.. 

number . . 
Automobiles farms reporting. . 

number . . 

FARM LABOR 

Week •{ Sept. 26-Oet. 2 and/or Oet. 24-30: 

Family and/or hired workers farms reporting. . 

persons . . 

Family workers, including operator farms reporting.. 

Operators working 1 hour or more persons. . 

1 to 14 hours persons . . 

15 hours or more persons . . 

Unpaid members of operator's family farms reporting.. 

persons . . 

Hired workers farms reporting. . 

persons. . 
Regular workers (to be employed 

150 days or more) farms reporting.. 

persons . . 
Seasonal workers (to be employed 

less than 150 days ) farms reporting . . 

persons . . 

SPECIFIED FARM EXPENDITURES 

Specified farm expenditures farms reporting. . 

Machine hire and/ or hired labor farms reporting.. 

Machine hire farms reporting. . 

dollars . . 

Hired labor farms reporting. . 

dollars. . 

$1 to $499 farms reporting. . 

$500 to $999 farms reporting.. 

$1,000 to $2,499 farms reporting.. 

$2,500 to $4,999 farms reporting.. 

$5,000 and over farms reporting.. 

Feed for livestock and poultry farms reporting. . 

dollars. . 

Gasoline and other petroleum fuel and oil farms reporting.. 

dollars . . 
Commercial fertilizer and 

fertilizing material farms reporting.. 

dollars.. 

tons. . 

acres on which used . . 

Lime and liming material farms reporting. . 

dollars . . 

tons. . 

acres on which tjsed.. 



391 
2,856 
4,411 
4,899 
4,581 
2,988 



2,958 

7,034 

12,461 

2,997 

926 

3,111 



1,886 

85 

325 

3,442 

14,753 



17,682 

20,004 

15, 169 

18, 122 

12,948 

1,672 

6,960 

8,901 

10,203 

10,446 

10,729 

11,021 

5,529 

5,547 

3,629 

3,686 

12,280 

U,943 

18,620 

38,947 

18,155 

34,490 

3,452 

3,710 

642 

747 

18,812 

26,328 



19,191 
43,049 
18,864 
18,559 

3,661 
14,898 

8,033 
11,289 

5,475 
13,201 

3,379 
6,317 

2,733 
6,884 



20,456 

10,713 

13,026 

3,541,148 

10,783 

18,412,269 

5,672 

1,350 

2,031 

937 

793 

15,879 
27,119,718 

18,946 
11,171,514 

17,302 

10,816,679 

183,054 

1,320,407 

4,977 

756,841 

228, 869 

118,326 



140 
903 
1,358 
1,609 
1,529 
1,021 



1,247 

2,791 
3,558 
1,016 
350 
1,425 



490 

10 

50 

842 

5,319 



5,469 
6,515 
5,118 
5,754 
3,905 
308 
1,799 
1,463 

3,834 

3,960 

4,195 

4,352 

1,215 

1,215 

539 

539 

3,916 

4,683 

6,201 

12,227 

6,141 

11,054 

843 

854 

258 

319 

6,080 

7,987 



6,011 
10,985 
5,933 
5,838 
1,344 
4,494 
2,194 
3,039 
1,238 
2,108 

598 
796 

777 
1,312 



6,686 

5,309 

4,448 

1,099,521 

3,004 

2,051,578 

2,036 

380 

375 

IAS 

65 

4,165 
3,375,244 

6,186 
3,457,142 

5,681 
4,285,717 
70,766 
535,391 
1,514 
279,623 
86, 557 
39,260 



71 

177 

56 

5 

10 



62 
193 



228 
264 
222 
258 
215 

33 
129 

93 

243 

269 

244 

316 

120 

120 

64 

64 

235 

392 

255 

1,010 

255 

832 

58 

59 

73 

119 

249 

496 



255 
689 
247 
247 

38 
209 

94 
124 
173 
318 

U3 
216 

62 

102 



260 

244 

163 

108,126 

239 

533,468 

66 

15 

85 

43 

30 

214 

506,334 

255 

417,381 

265 

887,197 

15,062 

85,854 

73 

33,108 

12,082 

6,785 



55 
315 
425 
335 
306 
120 



66 

510 
1,031 

380 
35 
95 



180 
1,391 



1,416 

1,576 

1,371 

1,481 

1,205 

140 

685 

530 

1,336 

1,401 

1,386 

1,446 

485 

485 

275 

275 

1,251 

1,546 

1,571 

3,882 

1,561 

3,537 

230 

235 

100 

110 

1,586 

2,171 



1,526 

3,236 

1,501 

1,486 

221 

1,265 

660 

955 

490 

795 

290 
375 

280 
420 



1,591 

1,315 

1,020 

354,855 

1,020 

920, 260 

545 

185 

190 

75 

25 

1,216 
1,395,420 

1,536 
1,384,821 

1,486 

1,666,295 

28,000 

221,927 

521 

120,260 

37,135 

15,590 



20 
205 
430 
450 
415 
240 



685 
975 
315 
135 
235 



5 

225 

1,455 



1,490 

1,735 

1,375 

1,490 

1,010 

85 

505 

525 

1,235 

1,255 

1,345 

1,365 

325 

325 

135 

135 

1,045 

1,140 

1,680 

3,270 

1,675 

3,010 

205 

205 

50 

55 

1,615 

2,120 



1,665 

3,010 

1,645 

1,625 

350 

1,275 

610 

880 

330 

505 

110 
125 

240 
380 



1,770 

1,395 

1,195 

293,680 

805 

320,385 

605 

120 

55 

15 

10 

1,170 
873,935 

1,710 
921,025 

1,550 

973,740 

15,314 

128,855 

450 

71,095 

22,475 

9,840 



40 
165 
175 
425 
430 
265 



745 
740 
160 
120 
465 



100 
5 
5 

200 
1,230 



1,205 

1,500 

1,( 

1,315 
805 
40 
340 
235 

760 

770 

845 

845 

230 

230 

45 

45 

790 

960 

1,440 

2,365 

1,425 

2,130 

210 

215 

20 

20 

1,385 

1,705 



1,295 

2,235 

1,280 

1,245 

250 

995 

455 

630 

165 

360 

50 
65 

120 
295 



1,540 

1,200 

1,020 

197,555 

610 

167,990 

530 

30 

35 

15 



885 

427,450 

1,425 

459,700 

1,275 
505,115 
8,030 
65,780 
265 
33,350 
8,435 
4,160 



10 
130 
210 
295 
260 
210 



710 

365 

35 

55 

620 



145 
5 

30 
130 
840 



895 
1,110 
855 
940 
550 

10 
105 

80 

230 

235 

335 

340 

45 

45 

20 

20 

460 

490 

985 

1,365 

970 

1,250 

100 

100 

15 

15 

990 

1,225 



950 
,390 
945 
920 
335 
585 
325 
395 
50 
75 



1,145 

890 

805 

110,985 

260 

55,100 

230 

20 

10 



520 
143,715 

965 
194,595 

875 

230,905 

3,928 

29,300 

170 

19,405 

5,750 

2,415 



^Excludes farms reporting expenditures for commercial fertilizer and lime , 



86 SIZE OF OPERATION BY TYPE OF FARM 

Table 2.-SUBREGI0N 64 -FARMS AND FARM CHARACTFRISTICS FOR CASH-GRAIN FARMS, BY ECONOMIC CLASS- 
CENSUS OF 1954-Continued 

LData are based on reports for only a saiqple of farms. See text] 



Item 


All 

comnerclal 

farms 


Economic class 


(For definitions and explanations, see text) 


Total 


Class I 


Class II 


Class III 


Class IV 


Class V 


Class VI 


ESTIMATED VALUE OF FARM PRODUCTS S0IJ3 (see text) 




















225,158,208 
102,755,065 

70,286,374 

8,276,259 

755,052 

23,437,380 

122,286,388 

50,357,566 

13,113,551 

58,815,271 
116,755 


55,637,440 
44,243,745 

43,872,476 

281,775 

12,619 

76,875 

11,408,685 

3,769,698 

1,491,044 

6,U7,943 
35,010 


9,549,056 
7,473,286 

7,438,013 

34,125 

898 

250 

2,074,120 

460,518 

115,569 

1,498,033 
1,650 


24,656,325 
19,232,237 

19,111,293 

115,675 

5,269 

5,411,088 

1,925,835 

601, 150 

2,884,103 
13,000 


13,091,497 
10,447,415 

10,326,051 

54,265 

1,474 

65,625 

2,633,332 

1,033,540 

427,150 

1,128,142 
5,250 


5,850,020 
4,866,080 

4,795,351 

54,415 

4,814 

11,000 

969,075 

234,270 

257,470 

477,335 
14,865 


2,263,977 
1,977,217 

1,954,003 

23,050 

164 

291,660 
63,390 
77,430 

150,340 
100 


271 565 






Field crops, other than vegetables 


247 265 










Horticultural specialties sold dollars — 

All livestock and livestock products sold dollars... 


23,910 
2,145 


Paultry and poultry pi^aducts sold dollars... 

Livestock and livestock products, other 


12,275 
9,490 




145 


LIVESTOCK AND LIVESTOOK PHODDCIS 




Liveatock «■ h.Bd: 


3,852 

9,241 

15,032 

525,815 


902 

2,137 

3,913 

73,443 


62 

117 

192 

12,292 


130 

360 

1,191 

31,646 


230 

405 

1,130 

17,610 


210 

475 

730 

7,760 


165 

540 

535 

3,355 


55 


moDber. .. 


240 
135 


mmiber. . . 


780 


Cows, including helf era that 


13,305 

232,114 

12,104 

204,960 

8,668 

430,076 

206,040 

13,180 

2,496,769 


3,3U 
30,612 

2,748 
22,301 

2,241 
71,617 
32,212 

3,776 
546,708 


154 

4,082 

113 

2,086 

116 

11,322 

5,237 

140 

29,013 


1,005 

13,255 

735 

9,650 

685 

29,335 

13,300 

976 

132,395 


960 

8,130 

830 

6,535 

615 

18,445 

8,230 

1,040 

153,435 


610 
3,410 

520 
2,645 

480 
8,275 
4,025 

335 
109,295 


470 
1,410 

405 
1,125 

300 
3,395 
1,260 

600 
56,335 


115 




325 
95 


number . . . 

All hogs and pigs farms reporting . . . 

number,. , 


210 
45 
295 

110 


Chickens 4 manths old and over farms reporting... 

number. . . 


135 
15,730 




2,011 
67,140 


677 
U,992 


47 
1,U7 


200 
5,615 


225 

4,970 


130 
1,905 


50 
1,055 


25 


number... 


300 


Number 1 year and over; 


29,931 
2,310 

13,595 

313,359 

38,339,036 


8,070 
716 

2,870 

31,799 

3,487,968 


305 

16 

175 

7,084 

1,049,903 


2,530 
235 

1,035 

14,605 

1,691,720 


2,715 
235 

840 

6,490 

478,085 


1,375 
135 

520 

2,635 

210,340 


460 
65 

265 

915 

53,385 


185 




30 


Livestock and livestock products sold: 

Cattle and calves sold alive farms reporting... 

number. . . 
dollars... 


35 

70 

4,535 




8,218 

455,955 

19,124,210 


2,066 

62,540 

2,514,474 


126 

10,155 

431,374 


695 

27,325 

1,136,700 


580 

15,530 

607,950 


425 

6,405 

248,370 


225 
2,485 

87,130 


15 


number... 
dollars... 


140 
2,950 


Chickens sold farms reporting... 

dollars... 


7,720 
4,401,194 


1,886 
245,475 


66 
12,265 


545 
78,330 


610 
84,465 


405 
43,430 


210 
18,490 


50 
3,495 




9,985 
18,723,191 
6,875,177 


2,531 
3,295,601 
1,195,629 


90 
243,971 
32,824 


756 
1,339,535 

517,980 


745 
954,615 
334,610 


570 
533,355 
199,005 


320 

154,350 

53,145 


100 


dozens. .. 
dollars... 


19,775 
8,065 


dollars... 


1,514,503,947 
50,357,566 


118,309,355 
3,769,698 


15,057,624 
460, 513 


59,653,129 
1,925,335 


32,197,110 
1,033,540 


8,629,645 
234,270 


2,539,535 
63,390 


177,262 
2,145 




1,330 

53,142 

1,039,301 


402 

7,113 

104,646 


27 

663 

12,981 


125 

2,985 

44,105 


135 

2,145 

28,600 


70 

810 

12,600 


35 

410 

5,330 


10 


number . . . 
dollars... 


100 
930 


SPECIFIED CROPS HARVESTED 




















18,230 
926,986 


6,546 
388,274 


265 
56,097 


1,586 
155,507 


1,735 
99,095 


1,505 
50, 525 


1,065 
23,545 


340 


acres... 


3,505 


acres... 

bushels harvested . . . 

bushels sold . . . 


17,905 

817,773 

51,026,025 

29,099,656 


6,536 

378,323 

22,533,770 

13,557,925 


265 

55,071 

3,870,930 

3,272,725 


1,536 

• 150,942 

9,487,640 

3,093,025 


1,780 

96,340 

5,369,830 

4,255,935 


1,500 

49, 530 

2,513,180 

1,965,520 


1,065 

23,040 

1,155,650 

372,905 


340 

3,400 

136,540 

97,315 


Winter wheat threshed or combined.... farms reporting... 

acres... 

bushels harvested . . . 

bushels sold . . . 


6,661 

133,656 

3,942,686 

3,589,497 


3,212 

76,672 

2,276,299 

2,118,057 


186 

11,654 

373,374 

363,107 


931 
28,658 
397,400 
843,285 


905 
20,265 
566,500 
512,395 


690 

10,360 

299,260 

275,655 


420 

4,500 

119,195 

110,055 


80 

735 

15,570 

13,560 


Spring wheat threshed or combined^. . .farms reporting... 

acres... 

bushels harvested . . . 

bushels sold... 


175 

1,240 

29,680 

21,550 


10 

110 

3,005 

2,895 


;:: 


... 


5 
55 

705 
705 


5 

55 

2,300 

2,190 


::: 






15,455 

426,925 

16,707,694 

4,539,164 


5,113 

U2,771 

5,033,410 

2,736,805 


228 

13,276 

598,940 

339,005 


1,450 

58,030 

2,179,715 

1,170,685 


1,460 

39,545 

1,235,325 

686,035 


1,165 

21,730 

685,110 

382,305 


630 

7,850 

228,820 

122,705 


180 


acres... 

bushels harvested . . . 

bushels sold... 


2,290 
55,500 
36,020 




1,110 

19,307 

626,565 

411,590 


322 

7,330 

211,710 

172,950 


7 

290 

1,900 

1,620 


95 

3,310 
107,775 
90,640 


100 

2,135 

48,000 

38,200 


70 

375 

27,685 

20,390 


35 

500 
17,450 
14,200 


15 


bushels harvested... 
bushels sold... 


220 
3,900 
7,900 




729 

6,167 

107,180 

59,750 


341 

3,467 

61,985 

41,140 


21 

392 

3,125 

5,405 


120 

1,565 

28,355 

22,110 


100 

855 

17,085 

10,375 


55 

315 

4,245 

1,375 


40 

330 

4,075 

1,875 


5 


acres... 

bushels harvested . . . 

bushels sold , . . 


10 
100 


Buckwheat threshed or combined^ farms reporting... 

acres... 

bushels harvested... 

bushels sold... 


20 

315 

3,150 

2,250 


10 

115 

1,125 

600 




::: 


5 
75 
525 


5 
40 
600 
600 




:;: 



^Includes mlli equivalent of cream and butterfat sold. 



^Data relate only to that part of the subregion located in Wisconsin. 



CASH-GRAIN FARMS 



87 



Table 2.-SUBREGIOI\ 64 -FARMS AND FARM CHARACTKRISTICS FOR CASH-GRAIN FARMS, BY ECONOMIC CLASS: 

CENSUS OF 1954-Continued 

[Data are baaed an reports for only a saII^)le of fauns. See text] 



Item 
(For definitions and explanaticmsi aee text) 



All 

ccnmerclal 

faints 



Econcmlc class 



SPECIFIED CROPS HARVESTED— Continued 

Flaxseed threshed or combined^ farms reporting... 

acres. . . 

bushels harvested... 

bushels sold... 

Soybeans harvested for all purposes farms reporting... 

acres, . . 

Soybeans harvested for beans farms reporting... 

acres. . . 
bushels harvested... 

Alfalfa and alfalfa mixtures cut for hay 

C and for dehydrating) acres . . . 

tons.. . 
tons sold . . . 
Clover, timothy, and mlrtures of clover 

and grasses cut for hay acres . . . 

tons. . . 
tons sold, . , 



Lespedeza cut for hay^. 



acres. 

tons. 
tons sold. 



Oats, wheat, barley, rye, or other 
small grains cut for hay , 



acres. 

tons, 
tons sold. 



Wild hay cut* 



acres. 

tons, 
tons sold. 



Grass silage made from grasses, alfalfa, 

clover, or small grains acres . 

tons, green weight. 

Other hay cut acres. 

tons, 
tons sold. 

Nursery products sold dollars. 

Cut flowers, potted plants, florist greens, 
and bedding plants sold dollars. 

Vegetables grown under glass, flower seeds, 
vegetable seeds, vegetable plants, bulbs, 
and mushrooms sold dollars,, 

Farms reporting by acres of com 
harvested for all purposes: 

Under 11 acres , .- farms reporting . , 

11 to 2^ acres farms reporting. 

25 to 49 acres farms reporting. 

50 to 7^ acres farms reporting. 

75 to 99 acres farms reporting. 

100 acres and over farms reporting. 

Farms reporting by acres of winter wheat 
threshed or ccmbined: 

Under 10 acres farms reporting. 

10 to 2<* acres farms reporting, 

25 to 49 acres fanns reporting, 

50 to 99 acres farms reporting, 

100 to 199 acres farms reporting . 

200 to 299 acres farms reporting . 

300 to 499 acres farms reporting. 

500 to 999 acres farms reporting, 

1,000 acres and over farms reporting. 

Farms reporting by acres of soybeans (grown 
alone) harvested for all purposes: 

Under 25 acres farms reporting. 

25 to 49 acres farms reporting. 

50 to 99 acres farms reporting. 

100 acres and over farms reporting. 



5 

100 

2,000 

2,000 


5 

100 

2,000 

2,000 


6,727 
204,891 


4,197 
153,971 


6,532 

201,401 

5,304,865 


4,152 

153,051 
4,021,400 


286,407 

723,838 

75, 816 


45,273 
101,358 
25,645 


103,865 
183,017 
21,450 


41,245 
64,615 

11,745 


151 
255 

100 


71 
125 

100 


2,700 

3,435 

55 


195 

110 
40 


255 
345 




20,555 
127,757 


1,780 
10, 925 


4,860 

6,560 

685 


1,595 

1,860 

305 


4,865,125 


25,500 


16,564,975 


45,750 



2,007,280 



1,631 
3,690 
5,915 
3,260 
1,685 
2,049 



1,580 

3,372 

1,329 

316 

54 
7 



3,611 

1,932 

938 

246 



5,625 



485 
1,200 
1,800 
1,225 

800 
1,036 



530 

1,590 

827 

219 

40 
6 



1,796 

1,436 

745 

220 



206 
22,496 

206 
22,416 
652,455 



6,535 
17,967 
5,585 

2,805 

5,055 

840 



1,296 
66,730 

1,286 

66,520 

1,843,635 



15,563 
37,296 

7,050 

15,750 
27, 585 
6,150 



56 
100 
100 



800 
4,705 



15 
250 



16 
46 
35 

109 



645 
4,250 

445 
575 
125 



15 
35 
355 
530 
651 



55 
355 
380 
131 



165 
535 

485 
111 



1,280 
39,555 

1,275 

39,505 

987,290 



11,735 
24,790 
6,525 

10,775 
16,180 
2,375 



235 
820 

255 

205 
150 



40,000 



5,625 



5 
125 
685 
630 
230 
110 



60 
545 
270 

25 



525 

580 
175 



890 
17,805 

875 

17,340 

393,750 



7,170 
14,045 
4,870 

7,365 
10, 160 
1,665 



100 
1,150 

665 

770 
30 

5,250 
5,750 



65 
365 
825 
220 
20 
10 



160 

440 

90 



635 
210 
45 



5 

100 

2,000 

2,000 

420 
6,525 

410 

6,450 

130,340 



3,090 
5,670 
1,490 

3,810 

4,835 

685 



230 
310 



210 
570 
250 

15 
5 

15 



190 
215 
15 



350 

65 

5 



^Data relate only to that part of the subregion located in Wisconsin. 



Data relate only to that part of the subregion located in Indiana and Illinois. 



88 



SIZE OF OPERATION BY TYPE OF FARM 



Table 2.-SUBREGI0N 69 .-FARMS AND FARM CHARACTERISTICS FOR CASH-GRAIN FARMS, BY ECONOMIC CLASS: 

CENSUS OF 1954 

[Data are based on reports for only a sajnple of farms. See text] 



Item 
(For definitions and explanations, see text) 



All 

commercial 

farms 



Economic class 



FARIG, ACRSAllE, AND VALUE 

Faraa number. . 

Percent distribution percent . . 

Umd in fma acres.. 

Percent distribution percent. . 

Average size of farm acres. . 

Value of land and buildings: 

Average per farm dollars.. 

Average per acre dollars.. 

Land in farns nccording to use: 

Cropland harvested farms reporting. . 

acres. . 

Percent distribution percent. . 

Cropland used only for pasture farms reporting. . 

acres. . 

Cropland not harvested and not pastured farms reporting.. 

acres . . 
Cropland used only for crops 

not harvested and not pastured farms reporting. . 

acres . . 

Cropland lying idle farms reporting. . 

acres. . 

Woodland pastured farms reporting.. 

acres. . 
Woodland not pastured farms reporting.. 

acres . . 
Other pasture (not cropland 
and not woodland) farms reporting.. 

acres . . 
In5)roved (see text) farms reporting. . 

acres.. 
Other land (house lots, roads, 
wasteland, etc.) farms reporting.. 

acres. . 
Cropland, total farms reporting. . 

acres. . 
Land pastured, total farms reporting.. 

acres.. 
Woodland, total farms reporting. . 

acres . . 
Irrigated land in farms farms reporting.. 

acres. . 

USE OF COMERCIAl FERTILIZER 

Crops on vbich connercial fertilizer was used, 19S4t 

Hay and cropland pasture farms reporting. . 

tons., 
acres on which used.. 

Other pasture farms reporting.. 

tons., 
acres on which used.. 

Com farms reporting. . 

tons. . 
acres on which used.. 

Oats^ farms reporting.. 

tons. . 
acres on which used.. 

ftTlits, vegetables, and potatoes farms reporting. . 

tons. . 
acres on which used . . 

Other crops farms reporting. . 

tons. . 
acres on which used . , 

RESIDENCE OF FARM OPERATOR 

Residing on farm operated operators reporting. . 

Not residing on farm operated operators reporting. . 

Operators not reporting residence number . . 

FARie BY SIZE 

IMder 10 acres number . . 

10 to 29 acres number . . 

30 to A9 acres number . . 

50 to 69 acres number.. 

70 to 99 acres number.. 

100 to 139 acres number., 

lAO to 179 acres number.. 

180 to 219 acres number., 

220 to 259 acres number., 

260 to 499 acres number . , 

500 to 999 acres number . , 

IjOOO acres and over number.. 

FARM OPERATORS BY COLOR AND TENURE 

All forn operators: 

Owners, part owners, and managers number. 

an tenants number. 

All vbite operators: 

Owners, part owners, and managers number. 

All tenants number . 

All Qoowbite operators: 

Owners, part owners, and managers number. 

All tenants number . 



78,046 

XXX 

14,137,773 

XXX 

131.1 

30,404 
166.14 

76,449 
8,959,707 

XXX 

46,234 
1,259,348 

7,110 
120,283 

3,621 
63,455 

3,921 
56,828 

25,018 

1,170,468 

12,018 

268,815 

40,418 

1,503,250 

4,956 

100,321 

76,691 

855,902 

76,895 

10,339,338 

72,622 

3,933,066 

31,177 

1,439,283 

46 

1,145 



7,037 
24,616 
160,011 
1,449 
3,430 
25,090 

54,342 

226,237 

,683,460 

7,362 

16,972 

175,362 

647 
11,116 
71,013 
11,612 
39,259 
342,920 



74,600 

2,672 

774 



945 
1,425 
1,926 
1,605 
8,340 
12,845 

19,500 
10,635 

8,456 
11,260 

1,030 
79 



49,639 
28,407 



49,614 
28,392 



14,527 
100.0 

2,679,873 
100.0 
184.5 

35,224 
189.26 

14,527 
2,021,172 

100.0 

6,309 

152,524 

1,632 

31,635 

851 
15,980 

877 
15,655 

2,612 
35,896 

1,756 
36,244 

6,158 

170,824 

544 

9,804 

14,132 

181,578 

14,527 

2,205,331 

11,782 

409,244 

3,750 

122,140 

10 

400 



1,151 

4,194 

27,915 

106 

213 

2,515 

9,401 

50,564 

567, 103 

685 

1,946 

13,562 

100 
566 
2,695 
2,407 
9,663 
83,831 



13,217 

1,135 

175 



50 

235 

450 

400 

1,840 

1,925 

3,505 
1,710 
1,845 
2,360 
196 
11 



9,170 
5,357 



9,165 
5,357 



312 

2.1 

159,294 

5.9 

510.6 

112,674 
237.57 

312 

132,511 

6.6 

151 

5,924 

41 

2,785 

31 

2,540 

11 

245 

40 

1,916 

34 

1,274 

140 

5,364 

33 

654 

312 

9,520 

312 

141,220 

252 

13,204 

68 

3,190 



64 

433 

2,840 

1 

1 

10 

271 

5,394 

43,370 

32 

200 

1,997 

5 

220 

550 

152 

1,500 

13,391 



292 
20 



15 
180 
97 

10 



200 
112 



200 
112 



4,019 

27.7 

1,056,046 
39.4 
262.3 

54, 197 
203.68 

4,019 

834,082 

41.3 

2,248 

60,265 

421 

3,105 

245 
3,915 

206 
4,190 

747 

25,775 

507 

9,580 

1,672 

53, 336 

236 

5,065 

3,989 

64,853 

4,019 

902,452 

3,549 

139,426 

1,052 

35,355 



527 

2,133 

15,585 

40 

74 

675 

3,154 

24,767 

258,443 

333 

1,090 

9,355 

50 

208 

1,465 

1,095 

5,198 

43,155 



3,759 
235 
25 



5 

90 

520 

700 

1,000 

1,610 

93 

1 



2,044 
1,975 



2,044 
1,975 



5,716 
39.3 

1,009,043 
37.7 
176.5 

32,209 

180.17 

5,716 

752,604 

37.2 

2,500 

58,160 

640 

11,335 

315 
5,095 

360 
6,240 

1,005 

34,690 

585 

10,740 

2,596 

73,934 

145 

2,635 

5,611 

67,580 

5,716 

822,099 

4,796 

166,734 

1,370 

45,430 

10 

400 



435 

1,310 

7,395 

45 

35 

1,135 

3,841 

15,178 

197, 385 

190 

409 

4,270 

20 
103 
365 
760 
1,996 
19,295 



5,246 

390 

30 



20 
375 
950 

2,310 
850 
710 
500 

1 



3,511 
2,205 



3,506 
2,205 



2,790 
19.2 

327,265 
12.2 

117.3 

19,771 
167.89 

2,790 

227,780 

11.3 

980 

20, 140 

310 

4,430 

170 
2,700 

145 
1,730 

485 

13,075 

320 

6,595 

1,215 

28,020 

30 

840 

2,635 
27,225 
2,790 
252,350 
2,160 
61,235 
700 
19,670 



100 
236 
1,605 
10 
28 
215 

1,460 

4,062 

49,475 

95 

203 

1,850 

15 

31 

210 

285 

804 

6,680 



2,500 
250 
40 



20 
130 
205 
920 
655 

570 
130 
95 



2,080 
710 



2,080 
710 



1,280 



104,400 
3.9 
31.6 

11,882 
143.18 

1,280 

62,645 

3.1 

335 

5,730 
180 

4,100 



1,585 

120 

2,515 

245 
7,325 

260 
6,355 

430 

8,400 

40 

435 

1,205 

9,345 

1,230 

72,475 

805 

21,455 

445 

14,130 



370 
10 
25 

430 

580 

1,043 

11,495 

25 

36 

440 



105 

163 

1,265 



1,050 
210 
20 



270 
160 
465 
170 

90 

20 

15 

5 

5 



990 
290 



990 
290 



Data relate only to that part of the aubregion located in Wisconsin and Minnesota. 



CASH-GRAIN FARMS 



89 



Table 2.-SUBREGI0N 69 .-FARMS AND FARM CHARACTERISTICS FOR CASH-GRAIN FARMS, BY ECONOMIC CLASS: 

CENSUS OF 1%4-Conlinued 

[Data are based on reports for only a sanple of farms. See text] 



(For definitions and explanations, see text) 



F*BU OPEKATOBS BY AGE 

Under 25 years operators reporting. 

25 to 34 years operators reporting. 

35 to -W years operatxDTS reporting , 

i5 to 54 years operators reporting . 

55 to 64 years operators reporting. 

65 years and over operators reporting. 

OFF-FAHM WORK MD OTHER IUCQME 

FarH operator*^ 

With other income of family exceeding value of farm 

products sold operators reporting. 

Working off their farms, by days 

worked, total operators reporting. 

None - operators reporting. 

1 to 99 days operators reporting. . 

100 to 199 days operators reporting.. 

200 days or more operators reporting. . 

FAIOE BY CLASS OF WORK POWER 

No tractor, horses, or mules farms reporting.. 

No tractor and only 1 horse or mule farms reporting.. 

No tractor and 2 or more horses and/or mules farms reporting.. 

Tractor and horses and/or mules farms reporting.. 

Tractor and no horses or mules farms reporting.. 

SPECIFIED FACIIITIEE AND EQUIPMENT 

Telephone farms reporting. . 

Electricity farms reporting. . 

Television set farms reporting.. 

Piped running water farms reporting. . 

Home freezer farms reporting . . 

Electric pig brooder farms reporting. . 

Power feed grinder farms reporting . . 

Milking machine farms reporting. . 

Grain combines ....farms reporting.. 

number . . 
Com pickers farms reporting. . 

number . . 
Pick-up hay balers farms reporting . . 

number . . 
Field forage harvesters farms reporting . . 

number . . 
Ifotortrucks farms reporting. . 

number. . 
Tractors.^ farms reporting. . 

number . . 
Wheel tractors other than garden farms reporting.. 

number . . 
Garden tractors farms reporting. . 

number . . 
Crawler tractors farms reporting. . 

number . . 
Automobiles farms reporting. . 

number . . 

FARM LABOR 

Week of Sept. 26-Oct. 2 and/or Oct. 24-30: 

Family and/or hired workers farms reporting. . 

persons . . 

Family workers, including operator farms reporting. . 

Operators working 1 hour or more persons . . 

1 to lA hours persons . . 

15 hours or more persons . . 

Unpaid members of operator's family farms reporting.. 

persons . . 

Hired workers farms reporting. . 

persons. . 
Regular workers (to be employed 

150 days or more) farms reporting.. 

persons . . 
Seasonal workers (to be employed 

less than 150 days) farms reporting.. 

persons . . 

SPECIFIED FARM EXPENDITURES 

^ecified farm expenditures^ farms reporting. . 

Machine hire and/or hired labor farms reporting. . 

Machine hire farms reporting. . 

dollars.. 

Hired labor farms reporting. . 

dollars . . 

$1 to $499 farms reporting.. 

$500 to $999 farms reporting . . 

$1,000 to $2,499 farms reporting.. 

$2,500 to $4,999 farms reporting.. 

$5,000 and over farms reporting. . 

Feed for livestock and poultry farms reporting. . 

dollars . . 

Gasoline and other petroleum fuel and oil farms reporting.. 

dollars . . 
Commercial fertilizer and 

fertilizing material farms reporting. . 

dollars . . 

tons.. 

acres on which used.. 

Lime and liming material .farms reporting . . 

dollars . . 

tons. . 

acres on which used . . 



All 

commercial 

farms 



1,706 
15,465 
20, 347 
18,689 
13,589 

7,517 



3,041 

21,234 
54,264 
16, 530 
1,663 
3,041 



3,997 
225 

1,388 
18,312 
54,124 



66,125 
75,958 
34,639 
55,256 
38,686 
9,337 
33,942 
42,584 

36,303 

36,744 

49,931 

50, 542 

20,434 

20, 534 

9,019 

9,220 

40,825 

43,555 

72,691 

138,664 

72,405 

132,983 

4,571 

4,708 

908 

973 

72,993 

93, 160 



75,604 
154,653 
75,148 
73,961 
11,955 
62,006 
38,254 
57,224 
15,312 
23,468 

8,143 
10,417 

8,296 
13,051 



78,001 

66,266 

58,482 

13,952,882 

41,606 

26,286,008 

29,065 

5,207 

5,534 

1,376 

424 

72,730 

114,208,087 

74,430 

38,496,225 

57,306 

20,954,198 

323,272 

3,436,442 

15,047 

2,141,232 

835,391 

339,435 



Economic class 



351 
2,548 
3,566 
3,316 
2,873 
1,703 



910 

4,742 
9,342 

3,208 
562 
972 



20 

131 

2,200 

11,291 



11,378 
13,907 
7,112 
9,345 
6,844 
695 
4,660 
4,626 

8,076 

8,217 

9,926 

10,106 

2,548 

2,553 

976 

1,006 

6,948 

7,546 

13,516 

26,574 

13,481 

25,481 

827 

822 

254 

271 

13,529 

17, 169 



13,592 

25,973 

13,494 

13,294 

2,473 

10, 821 

5,956 

8,819 

2,527 

3,860 

1,208 
1,496 

1,520 
2,364 



14,522 

11,943 

10,510 

2,536,715 

6,988 

3,527,318 

5,051 

957 

731 

194 

55 

11,665 
9,690,271 

13,987 
8,006,544 

9,922 

4,568,528 

67,311 

701,333 

1,742 

320,556 

116,882 

48,085 



Excludes farms reporting expenditures for commercial fertilizer and lime. 



87 
214 
73 



68 
243 



304 
312 
198 
305 
216 
40 
183 
102 

271 

291 

296 

346 

133 

133 

74 

74 

279 

364 

311 

1,130 

311 

1,044 

57 

57 

22 

29 

309 

603 



312 
1,121 
289 
279 
28 
251 
183 
346 
230 
496 

151 
277 

108 
219 



312 
305 
209 
102,050 
280 
722,718 
65 
57 
71 
53 
34 

260 
455,264 

307 
510,519 

297 

529,958 

7,748 

68,080 

82 

29, 101 

11,392 

4,695 



85 
945 
,151 
941 
627 
240 



50 

1,100 

2,772 

960 

75 

65 



10 

612 

3,317 



3,579 
3,979 
2,553 
3,269 
2,523 
305 
1,942 
1,794 

3,159 

3,229 

3,459 

3,534 

1,149 

1,154 

517 

547 

2,628 

2,921 

3,934 

9,442 

3,929 

8,951 

345 

345 

141 

146 

3,929 

5,509 



3,934 
8,830 
3,914 
3,859 
580 
.3,279 
2,017 
3,192 
1,242 
1,779 

687 
809 

667 
970 



4,014 

3,417 

2,776 

833,340 

2,582 

1,743,215 

1,440 

565 

460 

101 

16 

3,579 
4,334,622 

3,949 
3,248,875 

3,299 

2,220,273 

33,435 

329,278 

680 

147, 960 

54,420 

22,900 



165 
1,030 
1,605 
1,365 
1,016 

475 



200 

1,775 

3,806 

1,295 

225 

255 



25 

875 

4,551 



4,535 
5,561 
2,776 
3,626 
2,730 
245 
1,800 
2,125 

3,346 

3,377 

4,136 

4,176 

951 

951 

270 

270 

2,676 

2,781 

5,426 

10,342 

5,426 

10,016 

285 

280 

46 

46 

5,436 

6,557 



5,446 
9,982 
5,401 
5,321 

830 
4,491 
2,441 
3,511 

780 
1,150 

295 

330 

535 

820 



5,716 

4,721 

4,245 

1,034,895 

2,726 

796, 520 

2,276 

260 

160 

25 



4,791 
3,657,620 

5,586 
3,033,155 

4,056 

1,378,902 

19,216 

• 228,465 

580 

100, 870 

34,155 

13,245 



60 
315 
450 
605 
745 
560 



270 

1,035 

1,675 

620 

140 

275 



225 

5 

25 

415 
2,120 



1,925 

2,630 

1,045 

1,410 

910 

90 

570 

500 

990 

1,010 

1,540 

1,550 

240 

240 

85 

35 

900 

945 

2,545 

3,900 

2,535 

3,815 

75 

75 

10 

10 

2,555 

2,980 



2,520 
4,105 
2,510 
2,465 

605 
1,860 

960 
1,315 

225 

325 

70 



165 
250 



2,790 

2,255 

2,115 

416,080 

1,035 

222,470 

920 

65 

35 

15 



2,095 
983,935 

2,705 
925,300 

1,565 

347,595 

5,378 

59,750 

285 

33,740 

13,280 

5,505 



30 

160 
240 
250 
310 
275 



675 
545 

190 
115 
370 



215 

10 

35 

175 

845 



770 
1,090 
445 
545 
365 
15 
140 



270 

270 

425 

430 

60 

60 

15 

15 

385 

435 

1,025 

1,400 

1,010 

1,300 

60 



60 
35 






40 






1,005 




29" 


1,180 




34C 


1,075 




30' 


1,555 




3Sr 


1,075 




305 


1,065 




305 


320 




iir 


745 




195 


295 




6r 


390 




65 


40 




10 


100 




10 


5 






5 






35 




in 


95 




10 


1,280 




410 


950 




295 


885 




280 


126,740 


23 


610 


305 




60 


36,500 


5 


895 


290 




60 


10 






5 






710 




230 


218,470 


40 


360 


1,120 




320 


235,215 


53 


480 


605 




100 


81,740 


10 


,060 


1,332 




152 


13,940 


1 


,R?0 


35 




30 


7,095 


1 


,790 


3,085 




550 


1,445 




295 



90 



SIZE OF OPERATION BY TYPE OF FARM 



Table2— SUBREGION 69 -FARMS AND FARM CHARACTERISTICS FOR CASH-GRAIN FARMS, BY ECONOMIC CLASS: 

CENSUS OF 1954-Continued 

[Data are baaed on reports for only a saa^ile of farma. See text] 



(For definitions and explanationsi see text) 



ESTDI&TED VAUIE OF FJffllJ PRODDCTS SOU) (see text) 

Ali farm products sold dollars. .. 

All crops sold dollars. . . 

Field crops, other than vegetables 
and fruits and nuts, sold dollars... 

Vegetables sold dollars. . . 

Fruits and nuts sold dollars. . . 

Horticultural specialties sold dollars. . . 

All livestock and livestock products sold. .. .dollars. . . 

Dairy products sold dollars . . . 

Poultry and poultry products sold dollars . . . 

Livestock and livestock products, other 

than dairy and poultry, sold dollars . . . 

Forest products sold dollars. . . 

LIVZSTOCK AND LIVESTOCK PRODUCTS 

Livestock on hand: 

Horses and mules farms reporting. . . 

number . . . 

All cattle and calves farms reporting... 

number . . . 
Cows, including heifers that 

have calved farms reporting . . . 

number . . . 

Milk cows farms reporting... 

number . . . 

All hogs and pigs farms reporting . . . 

number . . . 

Bom before June 1 number. . . 

Chickens 4 months old and over. .. .farms reporting... 

number . . . 

Sheep, total farms reporting. . . 

number. . . 
Number 1 year and over: 

Ewes. .number. . . 

Rams and wethers number... 

Livestock and livestock products sold: 

Cattle and calves sold alive farms reporting... 

number. . . 
dollars. . . 

Hogs and pigs sold alive farms reporting... 

number. . . 
dollars. . . 

Chickens sold farms reporting 

dollars 

Chicken eggs sold farms reporting. . . 

dozens. . . 

dollars. . . 
Milk sold^ pounds. . . 

dollars 

Sheep sold farms reporting. . . 

number . . . 
dollars.. . 

SPECIFIED CROPS HARVESTED 

Com for all purposes farms reporting . . . 

acres. . . 

Com harvested for grain farms reporting. . . 

acres. . . 

bushels harvested . . . 

bushels sold 

Winter wheat threshed or conibined .... farms reporting... 

acres. . . 

bushels harvested . . . 

bushels sold. . . 

Spring ./heat threshed or combined^. . .farms reporting... 

acres. . . 

bushels harvested . . . 

bushels sold 

Oats threshed or combined farms reporting... 

acres. . . 

bushels harvested 

bushels sold . . . 

Barley threshed or combined farms reporting... 

acres. . . 

bushels harvested . . . 

bushels sold . . . 

Rye threshed or combined farms reporting 

acres. .. 

bushels harvested . , . 

bushels sold . . . 

Flaxseed threshed or combined^ farms reporting... 

acres.. . 

bushels harvested . . . 

bushels sold . . . 



All 

corcnierclal 

farms 



757,159,193 

171,771,221 

160,872,532 

8,79i,865 

323,339 

1,780,435 

585,088,782 

130,279,321 

53,227,95i 

i01,581,507 
299,190 



19,925 

45,977 

71,303 

2,667,083 

67,106 

1,079,189 

60,311 

848,100 

63,672 

5,080,236 

2,940,593 

63,466 

14,978,787 

12,546 

445,410 

213,304 
17,842 

68,709 

1,314,047 

166,759,582 

64,210 

5,267,678 

223,379,899 

43,289 
5,635,265 

57, 605 

125,167,377 

36,219,945 

4,637,582,862 

130,279,321 

9,821 

522,177 

9,952,056 

74,981 
3,768,710 

74,609 

3,440,988 

222,655,242 

70,567,907 

1,411 

17,078 

468,307 

371,141 

1,190 
8,489 

165,505 
77,475 

70,897 

2,330,239 

96,884,392 

15,810,750 

1,475 

19,991 

644,644 

193,784 

570 

6,056 

124,113 

81,336 

1,043 

17,396 

164,342 

149,582 



Economic class 



124,517,213 
87,731,410 

86,569,525 
941,395 

17,015 

203,475 

36,782,038 

8,476,243 

5,696,251 

22,609,544 
3,765 



2,351 

5,237 

10,692 

250,135 

9,827 

107,322 

7,933 

70,494 

7,872 

379,472 

205,278 

10,577 

2,452,206 

2,255 

67,308 

37,725 
1,976 

9,246 

90,902 

9,478,870 

7,783 

309,512 

12,421,591 

6,493 
721, 556 

9,257 

17,563,309 

4,897,976 

311,068,655 

8,476,243 

1,634 

32,960 
505,560 

14,382 
864,989 

14,367 

839,208 

53,602,890 

39,331,655 

485 

8,138 
226,870 
187,445 

287 

2,469 

41,080 

29,790 

13,015 

466,231 

18,824,665 

8,916,160 

351 

7,020 

212,110 

118,445 

183 

2,404 

51,500 

40, 230 

551 
10,576 
94,492 
85,872 



11,028,420 
7,754,972 

7,366,469 

188,180 

323 

200,000 

3,273,448 
442,327 
135,271 

2,695,850 



69 

209 

247 

13,060 

197 

4,073 

139 

2,304 

152 

17, 172 

7,193 

173 

47,556 

44 

1,265 

858 
25 

271 

11,334 

1,804,378 

168 

19,862 

870, 507 

145 
18,299 

158 

413,874 

110,903 

13,306,287 

442,327 

43 
915 

16,160 

312 
59, 105 

312 

57,729 

4,466,120 

3,532,790 

29 

1,383 
49,025 
28,200 



64 
1,170 
1,170 

305 

27,231 

1,220,430 

737,465 

11 

340 

10,150 

6,090 

18 

244 

3,905 

860 

25 

1,151 

12,232 

11,352 



57,425,303 
39,981,959 

39,559,150 

417,780 

5,029 

17,441,719 
4,015,801 
2,251,192 

11,174,726 
1,625 



1,218 

3,304 

103,088 



3,009 

42,193 

2,429 

27,150 

2,724 

169,335 

93,925 

3,108 

841,760 

756 

28,098 

14,197 
801 

3,154 

40,804 

4,557,781 

2,789 

151,320 

6,291,254 

2,182 
303,772 

2,758 

6,833,035 

1,924,395 

142,963,791 

4,015,801 

586 

14,200 

236,455 

4,009 
364,995 

4,009 

354,875 

24,098,780 

18,392,420 

206 

3,950 

117,195 

109,865 

101 

1,280 

20,720 

16, 745 

3,834 

189,280 

8,156,510 

3,923,385 

170 

3,650 

120,520 

67,840 

45 

885 

22,510 

19,160 

216 

4,465 

41,370 

38,220 



42,506,328 
29,856,829 

29,579,346 

271,075 

6,408 

12,648,449 
3,255,340 
2,394,748 

6,998,361 
1,050 



905 
2,080 
4,441 
98,617 

4,211 

44,881 

3,430 

30,305 

3,311 

147,630 

78,600 

4,381 

1,067,525 

940 

26,985 

16,450 
795 



3,981 

29,344 

2,453,531 

3,316 

112,175 

4,273,235 

2,736 
278, 965 

4,006 

7,483,580 

2,081,463 

124,578,015 

3,255,340 

680 

13,080 

189,930 



5,716 
315,074 

5,716 

304,134 

18,439,750 

12,996,645 

165 

1,970 

43,950 

34,745 

105 

680 

10, 890 

6,660 

5,366 

176,025 

6,897,580 

3,088,175 

125 

2,455 

65,340 

33,985 



985 
20,335 
16,895 

230 
3,730 
31,180 
27,990 



10,837,811 
7,938,406 

7,876,306 

55,560 

3,565 

2,975 

2,899,405 

671,790 

741,075 

1,486,540 



445 

970 

1,900 

27,845 

1,740 

12,875 

1,440 

8,700 

1,255 

38,180 

21,690 

1,995 

372,155 

345 

8,665 

4,680 
275 



1,445 

7,895 

578, 505 

1,160 
22,455 
840,630 

1,050 
93,525 

1,645 

2,328,020 

637,335 

25,613,218 

671,790 

240 

3,320 

47,245 

2,785 
96,125 

2,770 

93.450 

,5,154,125 

3,481,575 

40 

575 

9,605 

8,535 

65 

395 

6,515 

3,780 

2,385 

56,035 

2,000,955 

870,355 

40 

425 

12,900 

7,330 

20 

165 

2,600 

1,825 

55 

890 

5,960 

4,860 



2,398,323 
1,929,601 

1,922,696 
5,125 

1,280 

500 

467,632 

82,265 

151,975 

233,392 
1,090 



220 

560 

635 

6,005 

530 
2,680 

385 
1,670 

350 
6,540 
3,520 

710 
103,430 

140 
1,920 

1,285 
75 



335 

1,340 

76,235 

305 

3,420 

135,515 

290 
22,340 

555 

U6,020 

127,355 

4,253,943 

82,265 

80 
1,400 
14,915 



1,185 
24,850 

1,185 

24,395 

1,227,045 

800,985 

35 

190 
5,480 
5,100 

10 

50 

1,785 

1,435 

950 

15,255 

488,945 

274,310 

5 

150 
3,200 
3.200 

15 

120 

2,125 

1,475 

15 

175 

2,250 

1,950 



llncludes milk equivalent of cream and butterfat sold. ^Data relate onl^ to that part of the subregion located in Misconsin and Minnesota. 



CASH-GRAIN FARMS 



91 



Table 2.-SUBREGI0N 69 -FARMS AND FARM CHARACTERISTICS FOR CASHGRAIN FARMS, BY ECONOMIC CLASS: 

CENSUS OF 1954-Conlinued 

[ftita are baaed cm reports for only a eauiple of fanne. See text] 



Item 
(For definitions and explanations, see text) 



SPECIFIED CROPS HARVESTED— Continued 

Soybeans harvested for all purposes farms reporting, 

acrea . 

Soybeans harvested for beans farms reporting. 

acres, 
bushels harvested.. 

Vegetables harvested for sale farms reporting., 

dollars. , 

Alfalfa and alfalfa mixtures cut for hay (and 

for dehydrating ) acres . . 

tons . , 
tons sold . . 

Clover, timothy, and mixtures of clover and grasses 
cut for hay acres. . 

tons. , 
tons sold . , 

Oats, wheat, barley, rye, or other small grains 

cut for hay acres, . 

tons , , 
tons sold , . 

Wild hay cut^ acres.. 

tons . . 
tons sold . , 

Grass silage made from grasses, alfalfa, clover, 

or small grains acres . . 

tons, green weight.. 

Other hay cut acres, . 

tons, , 



Nursery products sold dollars. . 

Cut flowers, potted plants, florist greens, and bedding 
plants sold dollars , . 

Vegetables grown under glass, flower seeds, vegetable seeds, 
vegetable plants, bulbs, and mushrooms sold dollars,. 

Farms reporting by acres of com harvested for all purposes; 

Under 11 acres farms reporting,. 

11 to 24 acres farms reporting. . 

25 to 49 acres farms reporting . . 

50 to 74 acres farms reporting . . 

75 to 99 acres farms reporting . . 

100 acres and over farms reporting.. 

Farms reporting by acres of winter wheat 
threshed or combined: 

Under 10 acres farms reporti-^g. 

10 to 24 acres farms reporting. 

25 to 49 acres farms reporting. 

50 to 99 acres farms reporting. 

100 to 199 acres farms reporting. 

200 to 299 acres farms reporting , 

300 to 499 acres farms reporting. 

500 to 999 acres farms reporting . 

1,000 acres and over farms reporting. 

Farms reporting by acres of soybeans 
harvested for all purposes : 

Under 25 acres farms reporting. 

25 to 49 acres farms reporting . 

50 to 99 acres farms reporting . 

100 acres and over farms reporting. 



ccnnerolal 
fame 



25,760 
760,537 

25,356 

754,966 

18,048,831 

3,153 
8, 794, 865 



1,045,305 

2,579,804 

83,087 



672,612 
1,136,642 

41,268 



5,620 

8,605 

70 

51,565 

75,872 

3,974 



72,635 
430,228 

29,495 

44,555 

2,690 



571,650 



321,660 



3,111 
12,070 
28,471 

17, 851 
7,457 
6,021 



725 
489 
157 

33 
6 
1 



13,766 

7,625 

3,714 

655 



10, 106 
405,286 

10, 106 

404,586 

9,795,550 

877 
941,395 



101,364 
247,951 
28,850 



101,375 

165, 860 

17, 200 

890 
880 



16,173 
23,301 
2,275 



4,045 
23,730 

5,110 

6,790 

830 



480 
1,715 
4,450 

3,800 
1,941 
1,996 



150 

238 

81 

11 
5 



3,586 

3,585 

2,408 

527 



Economic class 



237 
26,341 

237 

26,291 

691,305 

46 

188,180 



6,829 
17,491 
4,225 



4,045 

11,955 

200 



188 
346 



445 
2,490 



130 
70 



5 

16 

281 



26 
35 
63 
113 



2,988 
165,745 

2,988 

165,745 

4,289,195 

321 
417,780 



43,265 

109,475 

9,685 



34,690 
58,105 
6,190 



420 

420 



4,875 

6,255 

950 



2,485 
15,460 

1,055 

1,660 

150 



10 
240 

1,175 
1,155 
1,429 



30 

121 

55 



475 

975 

1,200 

338 



4,281 
157,235 

4,281 

156,740 

3,651,805 

355 
271,075 

35,830 
86,020 
10,045 



42,905 
65,915 

5,715 



175 
205 



7,510 

10, 805 

655 



875 
4,680 

1,720 

2,405 

60 



20 

145 

2,415 

2,165 
710 
261 



1,350 
1,855 
1,005 



1,830 
43,070 

1,830 
42,965 
915,075 

115 
55,560 

10,470 
24,110 
3,610 



U,650 
23,060 
4,270 



210 
165 



2,640 

4,220 

205 



200 
950 

1,685 

2,120 

485 



70 

765 

1,480 

395 
50 
25 



1,130 

575 

120 

5 



655 

11,270 

655 

11,270 

222,965 



5,125 

4,050 
9,405 
1,220 



4,235 

5,885 

700 



815 

1,445 

465 



40 
150 



415 
420 
135 



180 
660 
280 

55 

10 



500 
140 

15 



115 
1,625 

115 

1,575 

25,205 

25 
3,675 

920 

1,450 

65 



850 
940 
125 



85 
90 



145 
230 



105 
115 



210 

130 

30 



105 
5 
5 



^Data relate only to that part of the subregion located in Wisconsin and Minnesota. 



92 



SIZE OF OPERATION BY TYPE OF FARM 



Table 2— SUBREGION 70.-FARMS AND FARM CHARACTERISTICS FOR CASH-GRAIN FARMS, BY ECONOMIC CLASS: 

CENSUS OF 1954 

[Data are based on reports for only a SBn^le of farms. See text] 



(For definitions and explanations, see text) 



FARIC, ACR£AG£, AND VALUE 

F— , nu]]iber. . 

Percent distribution percent. . 

Lnd in f«r«« ""I'^s • • 

Percent distribution percent. . 

Average size of farm acres . . 

Valne of land and buildinga: 

Average per farm dollars . . 

Average per acre dollars . . 

Land in faras according la uae: 

Cropland harvested farms reporting. . 

acres.. 

Percent distribution percent. . 

Cropland used only for pasture..... farms reporting.. 

acres . . 

Cropland not harvested and not pastured farms reporting.. 

acres . . 
Cropland used only for crops not 

harvested and not pastured farms reporting.. 

acres . . 

Cropland lying idle farms reporting . . 

acres. . 

Woodland pastured farms reporting. . 

acres. . 
Woodland not pastured farms reporting. . 

acres . . 
Other pasture (not cropland 
and not woodland) farms reporting. . 

acres. . 
Improved (see text).^ farms reporting.. 

acres . . 
Other land (house lots, roads, 
wasteland, etc.) farms reporting.. 

acres . . 
Cropland, total farms reporting. . 

acres . . 
land pastured, total farms reporting.. 

acres. . 
Woodland, total farms reporting.. 

acres . . 
Irrigated land in farms farms reporting.. 

acres . . 

USE OF COWJERCIAL FERTILIZER 

Crops on which connercial fertilizer was used, 1954: 

Hay and cropland pasture farms reporting. . 

tons. . 
acres on which used.. 

Other pasture farms reporting.. 

tons. . 
acres on which used . . 

Com farms reporting . . 

tons. . 
acres on which used.. 

Wheat farms reporting . . 

tons. . 
acres on which used . . 

Fruits, vegetables, and potatoes farms reporting.. 

tons. . 
acres on which used.. 

Other crops farms reporting.. 

tons . . 
acres on which used . . 

RESIDENCE OF FARM OPERATOR 

Residing on farm operated operators reporting.. 

Not residing on farm operated operators reporting. . 

Operators not reporting residence number. . 

FARMS BY SIZE 

Under 10 acres number. . 

10 to 29 acres number., 

30 to 49 acres number.. 

50 to 69 acres number . . 

70 to 99 acres number . , 

ICO to 139 acres number . . 

140 to 179 acres number., 

180 to 219 acres number . , 

220 to 259 acres number . 

260 to 499 acres number . 

500 to 999 acres number. 

1,000 acres and over number. 

FAEM OPERATORS BY COLOR AND TENWIE 

All fara operators: 

Owners, part owners, and managers number. 

All tenants number . 

All white operators: 

Owners, part owners, and managers number. 

All tenants number . 

Ail oonwhite operatora; 

Owners, part owners, and managers number. 

All tenants number. 



All 

conmercial 

farms 



12,110,599 
mf 

188.0 

1(1,692 
220.53 

62,332 

XXX 

39,276 

1,262,548 

4,744 

101,1(26 

2,248 

119,551* 

2,822 
51,872 
17, 522 

906,583 

5,701* 

181,673 

29,891* 

1,210,51*5 

3,806 

96,948 

62, 309 

626, 050 

62,982 

9,185,71*8 

60, U9 

3,379,676 

20,970 

1,088,256 

82 

1,915 



4, 286 

32,273 

111,907 

951. 

2,708 

16,735 

29,085 
11*2, 658 
1,1*12,178 
1,761* 
5,1*95 
36,301 

507 

1,1*11* 

8,356 

12,676 

50,365 

395,1*09 



61,070 

2,670 

682 



930 
1,605 

2,020 

1,595 
6,805 
9,380 

Ik, 600 
7,991 
7,1*36 

10,666 

1,287 

107 



38,887 
25,535 



38, 131 
25,530 



56 
5 



Econcmic class 



II*, 01*3 
100.0 

2,761,506 

100.0 

196.6 
1.6,1*16 

237.05 

lit, 01*3 

1,973,352 

100.0 

6,51*8 
179,653 

1,1*60 
36,111* 

693 
17, 321* 

892 
18,790 

3,2}it 

168,1*67 

1,1*13 

57,351* 

5,933 

202,689 

586 

13,755 

13,1*63 

l'*3,897 

lli,0l»3 

2,189,119 

U,988 

550,809 

It, 11*6 

225, 801 

16 

615 



757 

5,169 

20,279 

120 

It 62 
2,lt05 

5,711 

33,961* 

312,611 

760 

2, 469 
18, 264 

30 

76 

735 

2,316 

11-, 175 

80,453 



12,705 

1,157 

181 



40 

230 

485 

380 

1,510 

1,985 

3,095 
1,700 
1,680 
2,555 
360 
23 



7,459 
6,584 



7,439 
6,579 



20 
5 



416 
3.0 

254,541 

8.5 

563.8 

148,357 
270.31 

416 

182,672 

9.3 

207 

12,138 

64 

2,369 

1*3 
1,454 

21 
915 

98 

11,632 

23 

814 

188 

14, 524 

36 

1,590 

391 
10,392 

416 
197,179 

562 
38,294 

110 

12,446 

1 

170 



32 
326 

1,339 

5 

75 

150 

314 

5,638 

50,921 

7"* 
413 

4,222 



116 
1,496 
10,345 



384 
31 

1 



5 
215 

175 
16 



248 
168 



248 
168 



3,852 
27.4 

1,069,990 

38.7 

277.8 

73,384 
267.35 

3,852 

806,780 

40.9 

2,356 

75,635 

3a 

10, 670 

175 
4,680 

241 

5,990 
711 

42,995 

375 

21,480 

1,670 

64,040 

215 

5,7'*5 

3,762 

50,590 

3,852 

891, 085 

5,486 

180, 670 

981 

64,475 

5 

550 



320 

2,939 

9,785 

55 

298 

1,420 

2,OCf7 
15,454 
155,390 
266 
1,006 
6,857 

5 
5 

25 

925 

5,401 

58,050 



3,641 
186 
25 



5 

50 

545 
600 
890 
1,600 
155 
7 



1,576 
2,276 



1,576 
2,271 



5,270 
37.5 

971,280 
55.2 

184.5 

41,068 
225.45 

5,270 

688,610 

54.9 

2,535 

65,245 

515 

15,080 

250 

6,465 

510 

6,615 

1,250 

67,415 

465 

17,765 

2,160 

75,240 

250 

'',955 

5,080 

47,925 

5,270 

764,955 

4,520 

205,900 

1,465 

85,180 

5 

60 



260 
1,380 

6,400 

40 

58 

545 

2,250 
9,814 
95,955 
520 
768 
5,845 

10 

25 

530 

870 

5,215 

25,560 



4,740 
475 
55 



5 
535 
880 

1,880 
865 

640 
640 
25 



2,515 
2,755 



2,510 
2,755 



2,790 
19.9 

554,750 

12.8 

127.2 

22,810 

181.45 
2,790 

224, 010 
11.4 

1,155 

22,ffi5 

520 

6,480 

140 

2,755 

205 

3, 71*5 

755 
51,200 

400 
12,595 

1,255 

54,705 

85 

1,080 

2,665 
25,155 

2,790 
255,115 

2,550 
88,550 

1,025 
45,795 



105 

580 

2,535 

20 

31 

290 

785 
2,225 

23,130 

75 

112 

940 

5 

50 

55 

515 

828 

6,800 



2,445 
285 
60 



5 
5 
115 
115 
800 
785 
540 
220 
120 

80 

5 



1,800 
990 



1,800 
990 



1,565 
9.7 

112,440 
4.1 
82.4 

15,249 
182.21 

1,565 

62,550 

5.2 

555 

7,655 
150 

2,710 

75 

1,775 

90 

955 

590 

15,180 

115 

2,555 

565 

13,650 

15 

585 

1,250 
10, 560 

1,565 

72,895 

1,060 

54,465 

470 

15,555 

5 

55 



50 
159 
565 



310 
750 

6,200 
25 
170 
420 

5 

14 

510 

85 

222 

1,595 



1,180 

150 

55 



5 
115 
270 
255 
555 
245 

U5 



1,025 

540 



1,015 
540 



CASH-GRAIN FARMS 



93 



Table 2.-SUBREGI0N 70-FARMS AND FARM CHARACTKRISTICS FOR CASH-GRAIN FARMS, BY ECONOMIC CLASS: 

CENSUS OF 1954-Continued 

[Data are based on reports for onl^ a saiqile of farms. See text] 



Item 
(For definitions and explanations, see text) 



All 

conmiercial 

farms 



Economic class 



FiUai OPHUTORS BY AGE 

Under 25 years operators reporting.. 

25 to 3^ years operators reporting. . 

35 to 44 years operators reporting. . 

45 to 54 years operators reporting.. 

55 to 64 years operators reporting. . 

65 years and over operators reporting. . 

OFF-FAiai WOHIC AND OTHER INCOME 

Fbtb operators— 

With other income of family exceeding value of farm 

products sold operators reporting.. 

Working off their farms, by days 

worked, total qperators reporting . . 

None operators reporting . . 

1 to 99 days operators reporting.. 

100 to 199 days operators reporting.. 

200 days or more operators reporting. . 

FARIE BY CLASS OF WORK POWER 

No tractor, horses, or mules farms reporting. . 

No tractor and only 1 horse or mule farms reporting.. 

No tractor end 2 or more horses and/or mules farms reporting.. 

Tractor and norses and/or mules farms reporting. . 

Tractor and no horses or mules farms reporting. . 

SPECIFIED FACILITIES AMD EQUIPMENT 

Telephone farms reporting. . 

Electricity farms reporting. . 

Television set farms reporting . . 

Piped running water farms reporting. . 

Home freezer farms reporting. . 

Electric pig brooder farms reporting. . 

Power feed grinder farms reporting. . 

Milking machine farms reporting. . 

Grain combines farms reporting.. 

number . . 
Com pickers farms reporting . . 

number . . 
Pick-up hay balers farms reporting . . 

number . . 
Field forage harvesters farms reporting . . 

number . . 
Lbtortrucl£s farms reporting. . 

number. . 
Tractors farms reporting. . 

number . . 
Wheel tractors other than garden farms reporting.. 

number . . 
Garden tractors farms reporting.. 

number . . 
Crawler tractors farms reporting . . 

number . . 
Automobiles farms reporting. . 

number. . 

FARM LABOR 

Week of Oct. 24-30: 

Family andT'or hired workers farms reporting. . 

persons. . 

Family workers, including operator farms reporting.. 

Operators working 1 hour or more persons. . 

1 to 14 hours persons . . 

15 hours or more persons.. 

Unpaid members of operator's family farms reporting.. 

persons . . 

Hired workers farms reporting. . 

persons . . 
Regular workers (to be employed 

150 days or more) farms reporting.. 

persons . . 
Seasonal workers (to be employed 

less than 150 days ) farms reporting. . 

persons. . 

SPECIFIED FARM EXPENDITURES 

Specified farm expenditures^ farms reporting. . 

Machine hire and/or hired labor. farms reporting. . 

Machine hire farms reporting. . 

dollars . . 

Hired labor farms reporting. . 

dollars. . 

$1 to $499 farms reporting.. 

$500 to $999 farms reporting. . 

$1,000 to $2,499 farms reporting.. 

$2,500 to $4,999 farms reporting.. 

$5,000 and over farms reporting. . 

Feed for livestock and poultry farms reporting. . 

dollars . . 

Gasoline and other petroleum fuel and oil farms reporting.. 

dollars . . 
Commercial fertilizer and 

fertilizing material farms reporting. . 

dollars . . 

tons. . 

acres on which used.. 

Lime and liming material farms reporting.. 

dollars. . 

tons. . 

acres on which used.. 



1,230 
11,6}6 
16, 389 
15,215 
11, 55* 

7,679 



3,321 

17,388 

'i'i,685 

12,768 

1,572 

3,01.8 



3,950 
360 

giio 
12,71*9 
1(6,1*23 



57,51*9 
62,992 
1*1,271 
1*8,073 
33,397 
6,03a 
31,935 
ll»,5i*3 

311,31*2 
31*, 821* 
1*1*, 081 
1*1*, 862 
16,869 
16,905 
5,1*26 
5,1*75 
55,81*3 
36,388 
59,517 

120,837 
59,116 

111,209 

8,371 
8,516 
1,003 

1,112 
60,175 
77,351 



62,552 

117,996 

62,098 

61,231* 

11,589 
1*9,61*5 
25,1*93 
56,61*7 
II*, 01*9 
20,115 

7,092 
8,911 

8,017 
11,204 



61*, 327 

51,61*3 

1*2,357 

10,550,309 

35,1*37 

24,006,269 
23,985 
1*,102 

5,31*5 

1,580 
1*27 



59,505 

1*61,088 

60,31*5 

,681,061* 

311,007 
603, 107 
225,961 
975,917 

18,256 
21*2,826 
054,621* 
464,147 



335 
2,39a 
5,1*03 
3,216 
2,692 
1,838 



1,010 

l*,l*92 
8,939 
2,931 
51*1 
lj020 



91*0 
65 

11*0 
2,112 
10,786 



11,652 
13,518 
8,626 
9,257 
6,375 
683 
11,1*97 
1,952 

7,778 

7,965 

9,517 

9,783 

2,1*90 

2,510 

507 

507 

6,872 

7,1*58 

12,963 

25,882 

12,878 

23,737 

1,768 

1,779 

311 

366 

12,878 

16,272 



13,253 
23,637 
13,100 
12,910 
2,793 
10,117 
I., 731* 
6,585 
2,872 

lt,ll*2 

1,121 
1,1*02 

1,91*6 
2,71.0 



13,998 

11,002 

9,21.9 

2,31*3,1*09 

7,127 

3,8a, 605 
5,195 
765 
882 
206 
79 

11,101* 
9,158,965 

13,251 
7,321,982 

6,773 

3,i*13,i*'*6 

53,523 

1*34,603 

3,303 

649,222 

206, 836 
91,71*7 



57 
165 
96 
62 
32 



122 
272 
101 



92 

519 



385 
406 
339 
380 
308 
63 

211 
67 

361 

1*57 

395 

470 

239 

244 

57 

57 

360 

575 

411 

1,472 

411 

1,332 

78 

79 

56 

61 

411 

864 



411 

1,251 

589 



31*1 
118 
197 
321 
665 

240 

410 

156 
255 



411 

396 

239 

170,914 

391 

1, 002, 775 

75 

40 

111 

101 

64 

553 
808,335 

404 
659,502 

336 
590,466 
7,91*5 
66,786 
188 
64,362 
21,426 
10, 632 



55 

71*5 

1,205 

980 

555 
276 



55 

920 
2,757 

785 
75 
60 



105 
20 



645 
3,072 



3,1*27 
3,797 
2,802 
3,047 

2,302 

310 

1,731 

830 

3,097 

3,183 

3,362 

3,1*88 

1,056 

1,066 

230 

230 

2,452 

2,683 

3,732 

9,225 

3,717 

8,390 

660 

665 

150 

170 

3,697 

i*,913 



5,787 
7,891 
3,751 
3,686 
550 
3,136 
1,676 
2,458 
1,316 
1,71*7 

586 
667 

835 



3,852 

3,241 

2,510 

767, 055 

2,601 

1,733,095 

1,540 

430 

51*1 



3,421 
3, 991*, 915 

3,787 
3,022,460 

2,412 

1,506,595 

25, 242 

191,927 

1,195 

274,225 

86,010 

37,630 



165 

965 

1,315 

1,230 

1,050 

500 



190 

1,565 

3,1*85 

1,185 

145 

235 



235 

20 

10 

700 

1*,505 



4,440 
5,070 
5,215 
5,1*95 
2,320 

265 
1,695 

790 

3,085 

5,100 

3,a5 

5,855 

K5 

830 

205 

205 

2,485 

2,555 

5,020 

9,500 

4,990 

8,820 

610 

615 

65 

65 

i*,895 

5,920 



11,985 
8,675 
4,945 
'•,885 

900 
3,985 
1,880 
2,620 

850 
1,170 

240 

270 

645 
900 



5,260 

4,045 

3,1*30 

879,615 

2,625 

831,350 

2,230 

185 

190 

15 

5 

4,320 
3,199,655 

5,065 
2,568,225 

2,610 

993,425 

15,299 

132,91*5 

1,190 

252,375 

71,975 

30,030 



80 
435 
440 
625 
580 
580 



350 

1,085 

1,590 

560 

200 

325 



210 
10 

55 

465 
2,050 



2,175 

2,670 

1,405 

1,425 

1,040 

30 

590 

240 

1,000 
1,010 

1,465 

1,480 

510 

510 

15 

15 

1,040 
1,100 
2,525 
5,985 
2,515 
5,695 
250 
250 

20 

40 

2,485 

2,975 



2,585 

3,800 

2,565 

2,515 

750 

1,765 

750 

915 

275 

370 

50 
50 

225 
320 



2,775 

2,120 

1,950 

380,435 

1,035 

252, 315 

900 

85 

40 

5 

5 

2,065 
856,075 

2,600 
ffil,805 



224,925 

3,606 

33,025 

510 

57,020 

20, 320 

10, 165 



30 
170 
250 

210 
385 
290 



675 

640 
175 

110 

390 



255 

5 
50 
195 
860 



1,000 
1,255 

715 

740 
315 

10 

215 
25 

210 
210 
420 
430 
55 
55 



1*75 

485 

1,065 

1,450 

1,055 

1,295 

135 

135 

10 

20 

1,120 

1,295 



1,200 
1,690 

1,185 
1,155 
425 
730 
275 
350 
105 
185 

5 
5 

100 

180 



1,355 
985 
930 
150,035 
390 
46,400 
375 
15 



835 

244,670 

1,165 

224,430 

365 

91,265 

1,306 

8,710 

200 

19, 690 

6,635 

3,01*5 



^Excludes farms reporting expenditures for commercial fertilizer and lime. 
412358 0-57-8 



94 



SIZE OF OPERATION BY TYPE OF FARM 



Table 2-SUBREGlON 70.-FARMS AND FARM CHARACTERISTICS FOR CASH-GRAIN FARMS, BY ECONOMIC CLASS: 

CENSUS OF 1954- Continued 

[Data are based on reports for only a sample of farms. See text] 



(For definitions and explanations, see text) 



ill 

conmerclal 

farms 



Economic class 



KSTUaTED VALUE OF FARM PHODnCIS SOU) (see text) 

All farm products sold dollars . . . 

All crops sold dollars . . . 

Field crops, other than vegetables 
and fruits and nuts, sold dollars... 

Vegetables sold dollars. . . 

Fruits and nute sold dollars. . . 

Horticultural specialties sold dolla r s. .. 

All livestock and livestock products sold.... dollars. .. 

Dairy products sold dollars... 

Poultry and poultry products sold dollars. .. 

livestock and livestock products, other 

than dairy and poultry, sold dollars. . . 

Forest products sold dollsrs... 

LIVESTOCK AND LIVESTOCK PRODDCIS 

Livestock on hand: 

Horses and mules farms reporting — 

number. . . 

All cattle and calves farms reporting... 

number . . . 
Cows, including heifers that 

have calved farms reporting... 

number . . . 

Uilk cows farms reporting. . . 

number.. . 

All hogs and pigs farms reporting. . . 

number . . . 

Bom before June 1 number. .. 

Chickens A months old and over. .. .farms reporting... 

number . . . 

Sheep, total farms reporting. . . 

number. . . 

Number 1 year and over; 

Eves number. . . 

Bams and vethers number. . . 

Livestock and livestock products sold: 

Cattle and calves sold alive fanoa reporting.. 

number. . 
dollars.. 

Hogs and pigs sold alive fanes reporting.. 

number. .„ 
dollars. . 

Chickens sold farms reporting. . 

dollars . . 

Chicken eggs sold farms reporting. . 

dozens. . 
dollars , . 

Milk sold^ pounds . . 

dollars . . 

Sheep sold farms reporting.. 

number. . 
dollars . . 

SPECIFIED CHOPS HARVESTED 

Com for all purpoeea farms reporting. . . 

acres.. . 

Com harvested for grain farms rsportlng. . , 

acres . . , 

bushels harvssted. .. 

bushels sold... 

Wheat threshed or ccmbined farms reporting... 

acres. . . 

bushels harvested. . . 

bushels sold. . . 

Oata thrashed or combined farms reporting... 

acrea. . . 

bushels harvested... 

bushels sold. . . 

Rye threshed or combined farms reporting... 

acres . . . 

bushels harvested. , . 

bushels sold. , . 

Soybeans harvested for all purposes, .farms reporting... 

acres.. . 

Soybeans harvested for beans farms reporting... 

acres. . . 
bushels harvestsd... 

Irish potatoea harvested for heme 

use or for sale. ....•*,...■.■■ faims reporting. . . 

acred^ . . 
bushels harvested. . . 

Sweetpotatoes harvested for home 

use or for sale farms reporting... 

acres 2,. 

bushels harvested. . . 



730,839,10S 
160,087,588 

156,a50,019 

1,560,275 

30i»,979 

1,972,315 

570, 5*8, 649 

40, 056, 299 

26, 215, 324 

504, 277, 026 
202,865 



14,049 

30,035 

59,405 

2,343,805 

55,531 

757,883 

45,719 

333,099 

54,329 

5,969,428 

3,116,898 

49,089 

7,584,843 

11,986 
467,039 



234,034 
16, 590 



55,484 

1,352,542 

225, 549, 320 

55,136 

6,248,006 

271,087,769 

31, 006 
5,260,156 

40,665 
55,807,824 
14,776,703 

1,5U,525,289 
40,056,299 

10,105 

401,181 

6,199,550 



60,697 
3,700,323 

60,385 

3,580,166 

218,965,755 

64,460,890 

5,383 

97,126 

2,713,12} 

2,459,472 

56,188 
1,856,660 
79,435,246 
16, 066, 955 

1,159 
14,279 
211,625 

111,845 

20,647 
630, 132 

20, 391 

624,512 

17,512,200 



10,575 

543 

106, 336 



1,140 

654 

60,225 



122,412,455 
87,973,777 

87,821,444 
138,760 
13,573 

34,575,811 
4,339,996 
2,171,471 

27, 864, }44 
62,865 



2,317 

4,760 

11,520 

263,648 

10,794 

112,204 

8,178 

46,614 

8,362 

490,984 

254,004 

9,256 

1,147,710 

2,456 
65,192 



36,473 
3,293 



9,313 

96,631 

10,596,986 

8,283 

415,851 

16,454,559 

4,905 
385,085 

6,882 
6,684,617 
1,745,265 

167,822,158 
4,339,996 

1,951 
41,499 
612,302 



13,838 
915,827 

13,828 

906,222 

53,909,500 

37,476,575 

2,420 

52,696 

1,480,920 

1,389,027 

11,998 

398,071 

16,275,580 

8,265,540 

414 

6,555 

84,170 

48, 575 

8,950 
354,105 

8,905 

352,215 

9,811,510 



1,850 

83 

19,255 

190 

15 

1,100 



14,299,470 
10,702,956 

10,688,376 

14, 560 

20 

5,588,264 

241, 596 

66,898 

3,279,970 
8,250 



92 

295 

369 

20,296 

353 

7,653 

237 

1,656 

271 

37,827 

18,562 

244 

31,775 

96 
5,337 



2,053 

128 



337 

9,085 

1,457,760 

282 

40, 856 

1,750,944 

142 
8,605 

196 

221, 522 

58,245 

7,501,707 
241, 596 

76 

3,219 

60,757 



416 
84,007 

416 

83,257 

5,403,200 

4,196,890 

189 

10,356 

318,415 

307,497 

366 

27,506 

1, 210, 095 

646,560 

34 

1,255 

15, 160 

9,725 

564 

47, 030 

359 

46,490 

1,416,750 



55,374,294 
39,023,831 

38,986,461 
31,415 
5,955 

16,323,715 

1,951,710 

828, 568 

13,543,655 
26, 750 



675 

1,485 

3,381 

109,02a 

3,176 

43,146 

2,476 

16,383 

2,771 

217,217 

111,757 

2,657 

378,930 

870 
27,930 



14,585 
1,970 



3,156 

43,446 
5, 308, 371 

2,766 

194, 900 

7,845,165 

1,636 
145,305 

2,056 

2,501,725 

673,385 

71,230,845 
1,951,710 

755 

19,670 

288,295 



3,852 
375,775 

3,852 
571,920 

25,410,200 
16,525,650 

806 
20,000 
600, 510 
556,200 

3,611 

165,605 

7,144,705 

5,706,690 

130 
1,835 
52, 010 
18,420 

3,036 
155,135 

3,031 

154,890 

4,499,130 



405 

2 

3,365 



39,217,274 
28,015,280 

27,962,908 
49,660 
2,712 

11,191,669 

1,616,425 

855,935 

8,719,309 
10,525 



750 
1,330 
4,410 
93,465 

4,270 

42,095 

3,220 

19,105 

3,355 

177,555 

94,440 

3,550 

463,680 

875 
20,375 



12,500 
745 



3,770 

32, 160 

2,958,545 

3,375 

143,075 

5,516,715 

1,935 
159,195 

2,735 

2,627,390 

674, 190 

64,699,975 
1,616,425 

670 

11,870 

176,745 



5,215 
316,400 

5,210 

313,425 

18,055,875 

12,159,535 

915 

15,935 

407,200 

380,890 

4,750 

146,130 

5,774,910 

2, 854, 510 

165 
2,630 
30,405 
16,785 

3,495 
111,095 

3,485 

110,700 

2,953,425 



710 

80 

10,580 



70 
135 



10,645,917 
7,962,077 

7,930,493 

28,820 

2,764 

2,666,850 
425,055 
313,855 

1, 927, 960 
16, 990 



530 

1,035 

2,165 

31,505 

2,055 

14,750 

1,520 

7,055 

1,465 

49,865 

25,515 

1,850 

193,110 

405 
8,210 



5,205 
290 



1,550 

9,640 

712,760 

1,430 

31,450 

1,122,990 

875 
54,530 

1,340 
976,440 
251,945 

19,726,623 
425,055 

320 
4,975 
64,055 



2,735 
103,410 

2,740 

101, 780 

5, 318, 055 

3,518,050 

395 

5,200 

130,035 

122,650 

2,286 

45,770 

1,632,140 

812,425 

55 
645 

6,120 

2,575 

1,475 
32,670 

1,465 

32,335 

765,870 



445 
3,330 

50 

5 

240 



2,597,718 
2,036,662 

2,022,959 

12,225 

1,498 

560,506 
101, 125 
93,185 

366, 196 
550 



250 
550 
835 

8,435 

790 
4,125 

610 
2,155 

425 
7,995 
3,535 

775 
65,590 

170 
3,255 



2,060 
150 



490 

2,150 

147,580 

580 

5,140 

184,555 

285 
15,850 

460 
306,025 
76,645 

4,501,860 

101, 125 

130 

1,765 

22,450 



1,290 
31,075 

1,280 

30,680 

1,480,940 
952,810 

105 

1,080 

22,510 

19,460 

845 

12,955 

439,490 

218,905 

25 

175 

2,275 

1,070 

515 
7,675 

500 

7,300 

166,425 



205 

1,210 



635 



^Licludes mlUc equlTaleat of cream and butterfat Bold, 



^Doea not include acreage for farmfl with less than 20 bushels harvested. See text. 



CASH-GRAIN FARMS 

Table2.-SUBREGI0N 70.-FARMS AND FARM CHARACTERISTICS FOR CASH-GRAIN FARMS, BY ECONOMIC CLASS: 

CENSUS OF 1954-Continued 

[Data are based cm reporta for only a sample of faxmE. See text] 



95 



(For deflTiltloDB and explanations, see text) 



SPECIFIED CROPS HAHVESTED — Continued 

Vegetables harvested for sale farms reporting. , 

dollars . . 

land in bearing and nonbearlng fruit orchards, 

groves, vlneyardfl, and planted nut treea^.... farms reporting., 

acres. . 

Alfalfa and alfalfa mixtures cut for hay (and 
for dehydrating ) acres , , 

tons sold. , 

Clover, timothy, and mixtures of clover and grasses 

cut for hay acres . , 

tons. , 
tons sold. . 

Leepedeza cut for hay acres . . 

tons., 
tons sold.. 

Oats, wheat, barley, rye, or other small gralna 

cut for hay acres . , 

tons. . 
tons sold. . 

Grass silage made frcm grasses, alfalfa, clover, 

or small grains acres . . 

tons, green weight.. 

Other hay cut acres. . 

tons.. 

tons sold. . 

Nursery products sold dollars. . 

Cut flowers, potted plants, florist greens, and bedding 
plants sold. dollars. . 

Vegetables grown under glass, flower seeds, vegetable seeds, 
vegetable plants, bulbs, and muahrooma sold dollars.. 

FarBS reporting by acres of corn 
harvested for all purposes: 

Under 11 acres farms reporting., 

U to 3h acres .farms reporting. , 

2^ to hg acres falms reporting.. 

^0 to 7^^ acres.... farms reporting. . 

7^ to 99 acres farms reporting.. 

100 acres and over farms reporting. . 

Faros reporting by acres of wheat 
threshed or comhined: 

IMder 10 acres .farms reporting. . 

10 to 2k acres faims reporting.. 

25 to ^9 acres famis reporting.. 

^0 to 99 acres f amB reporting. . 

100 to 199 acres farms reporting.. 

200 to 299 acres farms reporting.. 

300 to ^99 acres farms reporting.. 

500 to 999 acres fanes reporting.. 

1, 000 acres and over f aims reportljlg. . 

Farms reporting by acres of soybeans 
harvested for all purposes: 

Under 25 acres farms reporting.. 

25 to 49 acres farms reporting.. 

50 to 99 acres fanue reporting.. 

100 acres and over farms reporting.. 



All 

ccumerclal 

farms 



1,144 
1,560,275 



4,038 
5,563 



730,551 

1,700,524 

91,105 



688,217 

1,019,761 

56,595 

485 

525 

50 



15,270 

15,132 

235 



47,910 
259,588 

12,811 

17,123 

760 

236,550 



753,185 
982,580 



2,241 
6,246 
18,060 
17,187 
8,709 
8,254 



1,147 

3,126 

91B 

173 

16 

5 



11,127 

6,188 

2,713 

619 



EconcDlc class 



281 

138,760 



673 

1,005 



88,408 

191, 012 

20,750 



148, 147 
209,235 
23,685 

30 
15 



2,020 

2,250 

15 



3,975 

17,545 

3,345 

3,650 

260 



410 
1,370 
3,860 
3,630 
2,085 
2,483 



310 

1,447 

507 

139 

15 



3,545 

3,110 

1,780 

515 



21 
14,560 



7,933 

18,452 
2,500 



5,352 

7,885 

765 



60 

100 

15 



955 
4,220 



220 

480 



15 

30 

100 

219 



Class II 



45 
31,415 



165 
202 



33,055 
73,650 

7,460 



53,645 
80,825 

10,040 



655 

780 



1,775 
8,205 

1,555 

1,725 

160 



5 

5 

195 

915 

1,095 

1,637 



50 
410 
291 

55 



580 
1,130 
1,075 

251 



Class III 



85 
49,660 



250 
208 



31,940 

67,790 

6,500 



60,765 

84,800 
8,515 



825 
810 



830 



915 
770 
100 



10 

uo 
1,605 

2,210 

885 
395 



115 
655 
135 
10 



1,445 

1,480 

530 

40 



Class IV 



55 
28,820 



160 
148 



10,625 

22,170 

3,100 



22,035 

27,890 

3,405 



400 

425 



415 
1,040 



565 
605 



70 
515 
1,590 
445 
75 
40 



80 
290 
25 



985 

410 

75 

5 



Class V 



55 

12,225 



80 

431 



4,090 
7,510 

1,010 



5,730 

7,165 

920 



80 
135 



170 
620 
430 
50 
15 
5 



455 
60 



2,080 



15 

12 



765 

1,440 

180 



620 
670 

40 

30 
15 



155 

120 
40 
10 
5 



65 



^Does not include data for farms with less than 20 trees or grapevines. See text. 



96 



SIZE OF OPERATION BY TYPE OF FARM 



Table2.-SUBREGI0N 71 —FARMS AND FARM CHARACTERISTICS FOR CASH-GRAIN FARMS, BY ECONOMIC CLASS: 

CENSUS OF 1954 

[Data are based on reports for oiUy a sample of farms. See text] 



(For definitions and explanations, see text) 



FARIE, 4CREACE, AND VALUE 

Faraa • .number. . 

Percent distribution percent. , 

Land in faras acres . 

Percent distribution percent. . 

Average size of farm acres . . 

Value of land and buildioga: 

Average per farm dollars . , 

Average per acre dollars . . 

Land in farns according to uae: 

Cropland harvested farms reporting., 

acres . . 

Percent distribution percent. , 

Cropland used only for pasture. farms reporting. 

acres . , 

Cropland not harvested and not pastured farms reporting., 

acres . , 
Cropland used only for crops 

not harvested and not pastured farms reporting . , 

acres . , 

Cropland lying Idle farms reporting. , 

acres. 

Woodland pastured farms reporting., 

acres. 
Woodland not pastured farms reporting. 

acres. 
Other pasture (not cropland 
and not woodland ) f aims reporting. , 

acres, 
laproved (see text) farms reporting. 

acres . 
Other land (house lots, roads, 
wasteland, etc . ) farms reporting . 

acres. 
Cropland, total farms reporting . 

acres . 
land pastured, total farms reporting. 

acres . 
Woodland, total farms reporting. 

acres . 
Irrigated land in farms farms reporting . 

acres . 

USE OF COKMERCIAl FERTILIZER 

Crops on vbicb conercial fertilizer vas used, 1954: 

Hay and cropland pasture. farms reporting. 

tons, 
acres on which used. 

Other pasture farms reporting. 

tons, 
acres on which used. 

Com farms reporting . 

tons, 
acres on which used . 

Wheat farms reporting . 

tons, 
acres on which used. 

Fruits, vegetables, and potatoes farms reporting. 

tons, 
acres on which used. 

Other crops farms reporting. 

tons, 
acres on which used. 

RESIDENCE OF FARM OPERATOR 

Residing on farm operated operators reporting. 

Not residing on farm operated operators reporting. 

Operators not reporting residence number. 

FAHIE BY SIZE 

Under 10 acres number. 

10 to 29 acres number . 

30 to ^9 acres number. 

50 to 69 acres number. 

70 to 99 acres number. 

100 to U9 acres number . 

UO to 179 acres number. 

180 to 219 acres number. 

220 to 259 acres number. 

260 to 'V99 acres number. 

500 to 999 acres number. 

1,000 acres and over number. 

FARM OPERATORS BY COLOR AND TENURE 

All fan operators: 

Owners, part owners, and managers number . 

All tenants number. 



All vbitc operator*: 

Owners, part owners, and managers number. . . 

All tenants number... 



All aoawbite operotora: 

Owners, part owners, and managers number... 

All tenants number . . . 



All 

contnercial 
farms 



83,207 

XXX 

18,295,864 

XXX 

219.9 

23,034 
103.78 

79,193 
8,922,324 

XXX 

34,125 

1,762,306 

11,406 

311,209 

5,839 

163,971 

6,580 

142,238 

34,905 

1,928,245 

12,552 

448,034 

54,806 

3,903,557 

8,778 

272,229 

30,986 

1,015,189 

30,197 

10,995,839 

79,459 

7,599,108 

41,262 

2,376,279 

95 

4,651 



9,714 
32,937 
212,864 
2,940 
9,079 
58,923 

42,726 

201,580 

1,791,752 

21,131 

53,198 

493,069 

632 

1,410 

9,492 

20,461 

57,673 

530,424 



73,264 

4,112 

831 



315 
1,645 
2,660 
2,465 
3,290 
11,298 

13,981 
9,985 
8,632 

19,032 

3,909 

495 



63,894 
19,313 



63,797 
19,303 



Economic class 



13,672 
100.0 

4,482,345 

100.0 
240.1 

27,974 
116.43 

18,672 

2,720,813 

100.0 

6,396 

266,'^ 

2,960 

91,394 

1,447 

43,713 

1,758 

47,681 

6,729 

378,314 

3,477 

146,254 

10,777 

620,011 

1,472 

40,463 

17,377 

253,313 

13,672 

3,073,943 

16,543 

1,265,066 

8,776 

524,568 

26 

2,495 



1,501 
5,513 
33,987 
459 
1,374 
9,450 

10,290 
57,932 

524,750 
6,436 
20,664 

180,596 

63 

110 

321 

4,070 

14,228 

126,549 



16,736 

1,696 

240 



25 
155 

400 

465 

1,645 

2,270 

3,135 
2,245 
2,160 
5,027 
1,016 
129 



12,224 
6,448 



12,214 
6,448 



289 
1.5 

237,696 

5.3 

822.5 

131,306 
152.09 

239 

163,531 

6.2 

117 

7,096 

30 

3,545 

13 

1,549 

19 

1,996 

107 

17,863 

69 

5,618 

129 

21,382 

42 

3,990 

280 

13,611. 

289 

179,222 

232 

46,341 

150 

23,481 

6 

1,750 



45 

434 

2,461 

7 

62 

591 

234 

5,772 

41,496 

192 

1,943 

18,250 

5 
15 

125 

72 

865 

7,728 



256 
30 
3 



81 
139 
69 



161 
123 



161 
123 



2,490 
13.3 

1,012,381 

22.6 

406.6 

61,041 
147.92 

2,490 

637,274 

25.3 

1,139 

57,444 

354 

16,161 

194 

8,966 

190 

7,195 

800 

59,849 

479 

28,187 

1,331 

107,691 

261 

10,272 

2,421 

55,775 

2,490 

760,879 

2,161 

224,984 

1,062 

83,036 

5 

290 



291 

1,344 

8,730 

30 

279 
2,126 

1,820 
17,210 
142,982 
1,275 
6,341 
53,856 

18 

24 

131 

696 

4,306 

34,004 



2,273 
207 

10 



10 

90 
135 
295 
1,374 
539 

42 



1,459 
1,031 



1,454 
1,031 



5,596 
30.1 

1,531,U0 

34.1 

273.6 

32,063 
117.68 

5,596 

968,271 

35.6 

2,211 

93,223 

785 

24,463 

400 

12,543 

453 

11,920 

2,032 

121,352 

1,007 

45,354 

3,227 
198,827 

441 
11,331 

5,444 

79,620 

5,596 

1,085,957 

5,133 

413,402 

2,534 

166,706 

5 

300 



523 

1,727 

12,051 

137 

361 

2,138 

3,494 
18,720 
177,593 
2,357 
7,244 
63,808 

10 

20 

225 

1,542 

4,859 

48,633 



5,151 

393 

47 



5 

30 

235 

930 
955 
885 
1,222 
268 
16 



3,250 
2,346 



3,245 
2,346 



5,339 
23.6 

1,060,535 
23.7 
193.6 

13,910 
94.29 

5,339 

588,420 

21.6 

1,662 

68,153 

316 

21,315 

335 

9,160 

531 

12,155 

2,007 

110,658 

996 

38,645 

3,214 

169,746 

462 

9,695 

5,029 

63,598 

5,339 

677,888 

4,739 

348,557 

2,567 

149,303 

5 

130 



382 

1,449 

7,070 

165 

530 

3,525 

2,774 
10,992 
108,769 
1,556 
3,272 
29,090 

15 

44 

220 

998 

2,678 

23,5U 



4,783 
476 

75 



65 
505 
885 

1,265 

795 

725 

1,033 

60 

1 



3,618 
1,721 



3,618 
1,721 



3,517 
18.8 

496,848 
11.1 
141.3 

12,342 
88.38 

3,517 

248,275 

9.1 

967 
31,045 

685 
17,740 

365 

3,815 

390 

8,925 

1,297 

51,573 

690 

21,235 

2,106 

91,880 

211 

4,000 

3,322 

35,100 

3,517 

297,060 

3,087 

174,498 

1,762 

72,808 

5 

25 



215 
512 
3,300 
60 
110 
880 

1,482 
4,229 

43,265 

831 

1,528 

12,697 

5 
1 
5 

607 
1,216 
9,840 



3,032 
425 
60 



15 
180 
250 
790 
790 

690 
310 
220 
262 
10 



2,580 
937 



2,580 
937 



CASH-GRAIN FARMS 



97 



Table 2.-SUBREGI0N 71 -FARMS AND FARM CHARACTERISTICS FOR CASH-GRAIN FARMS, BY ECONOMIC CLASS: 

CENSUS OF 1954-Continued 

[Data are based on reports for only a sample of farms. See text] 



Item 
(For definitions and explanations, see text) 



All 

connnercial 

farms 



Economic class 



FARM OPERATORS BY AOE 

Under 25 years operators reporting . 

25 to 34 years operators reporting. 

35 to "W years operators reporting . 

45 to 54 years operators reporting. 

55 to 64 years operators reporting. 

65 years and over operators reporting. 

OFF-FARM WORK AND OTHER mCOHE 

F«rH operators^ 

With other income of family exceeding value of farm 

products sold operators reporting. 

Working off their farms, by days 

worked, total operators reporting. 

None operators reporting. 

1 to 99 days operators reporting. 

100 to 199 days operators reporting. 

200 days or more operators reporting. 

FARMS BY CLASS OF WORK POWER 

No tractor, horses, or mules farms reporting. 

No tractor and only 1 horse or mule farms reporting. 

No tractor and 2 or more horses and/or mules farms reporting. 

Tractor and horses and/or mules farms reporting. 

Tractor and no horses or mules farms reporting. 

SPECIFIED FACILITIES AND EQUIPMENT 

Telephone farms reporting. 

Electricity farms reporting. 

Television set farms reporting . 

Piped running water farms reporting. 

Home freezer farms reporting. 

Electric pig brooder farms reporting. 

Power feed grinder farms reporting. 

Milking machine farms reporting. 

Grain combines farms reporting. 

number . 
Com pickers farms reporting. 

number . 
Pick-up hay balers farms reporting. 

number . 
Field forage harvesters farms reporting. 

number . 
Ustortrucks farms reporting . 

number . 
Tractors farms reporting. 

number . 
Wheel tractors ot^er than garden farms reporting. 

number . 
Garden tractors farms reporting. 

number . 
Crawler tractors farms reporting. 

number . 
Automobiles farms reporting. 

number . 

FARM LABOR 

Week of Oct. 24-30: 

Family and/or hired workers farms reporting. 

persons. 

Family workers, including operator farms reporting. 

Operators working 1 hour or more persons . 

1 to L^ hours persons . 

15 hours or more persons . 

Ifiipald members of operator's family farms reporting. 

persons . 

Hired workers farms reporting. 

persons. 
Regular workers { to be employed 

150 days or more) farms reporting. 

persons. 
Seasonal workers (to be employed 

less than 150 days ) farms reporting. 

persons . 

SPECIFIED FARM EXPENDITURES 

Specified farm expenditures farms reporting. 

Machine hire and/or hired labor farms reporting . 

Machine hire farms reporting . 

dollars. 

Hired labor farms reporting. 

dollars. 

$1 to $499 farms reporting. 

$500 to $999 farms reporting . 

$1,000 to $2,499 farms reporting. 

$2,500 to $4,999 farms reporting. 

$5,000 and over farms reporting. 

Feed for livestock and poultry farms reporting. 

dollars . 

Gasoline and other petroleum fuel and oil farms reporting. 

dollars . 
Commercial fertilizer and 

fertilizing material farms reporting. 

dollars . 

tons. 

acres on which used. 

Lijne and liming material farms reporting. 

dollars . 

tons. 

acres on which used. 



1,422 

11,043 
18,102 
19,296 
18,237 
14,178 



5,736 

26,034 
54,361 
18,386 
2,899 
4,749 



6,684 
752 

5,230 
24,596 
45,945 



61,894 
79,818 
34,518 
41,037 
27,360 

6,022 
31,051 

9,536 

34,245 

35,228 

38,442 

39,015 

15,344 

15,395 

4,846 

4,883 

35,663 

38,643 

71,012 

112,671 

70,490 

104,260 

6,827 

6,907 

1,344 

1,504 

70,504 

82,590 



79,857 
138,766 
79,287 
78,320 
16,581 
61,739 
31,228 
43,14« 
11,018 
17,298 

5,102 
6,856 

6,805 
10,442 



83,146 

65,174 

57,147 

13,231,423 

41,030 

19,026,129 

32,201 

3,552 

3,789 

1,044 

339 

75,390 
95,011,676 

73,784 
32,013,411 

52,146 

24,557,346 

362,365 

3,081,226 

24,505 

3,975,508 

1,261,939 

582,150 



574 
3,180 
4,495 
4,395 
3,396 
2,331 



1,482 

6,825 

11,123 

4,666 

918 

1,241 



1,185 

51 

391 

3,931 

13,114 



12,696 
17,644 
8,294 
8,620 
6,417 
775 
5,740 
1,281 

10,413 

10,849 

10,400 

10,611 

3,047 

3,066 

672 

680 

8,897 

9,752 

17,075 

29,152 

17,034 

27,077 

1,489 

1,523 

501 

552 

16,036 

18,900 



17,600 
29,844 
17,434 
17,215 
3,828 
13,387 
6,029 
8,620 
2,754 
4,009 

1,093 
1,390 

1,895 
2,619 



18,672 

14,288 

12,000 

2,997,091 

8,402 

3,917,261 

6,457 

831 

833 

220 

61 

14,452 
7,917,278 

17,490 
9,138,381 

12,221 

6,683,162 

100,484 

875,276 

5,318 

1,022,079 
310,647 
138,457 



53 
2U 
41 
2 
10 



1 
92 
196 



195 
279 
203 
210 

181 
28 

150 
29 

285 

401 

268 

347 

121 

123 

45 

46 

277 

468 

288 

1,199 

288 

1,038 

72 

79 

65 

82 

285 

665 



287 
1,022 
267 
263 
37 
226 
124 
239 
192 
520 

165 
335 



289 

258 

179 

109,686 

242 

701,852 

38 

35 

77 

53 

39 

234 
617,943 

283 
561,513 

259 
613,522 

9,170 
70,987 
123 
55,155 
19,276 

9,887 



25 
570 
746 
662 
333 
130 



57 



812 

1,579 

648 

59 

105 



562 
1,882 



1,929 
2,448 
1,550 
1,802 
1,382 

214 
1,197 

258 

2,184 

2,347 

2,135 

2,211 

762 

769 

255 

257 

1,797 

2,106 

2,444 

6,057 

2,439 

5,526 

340 

347 

167 

184 

2,370 

3,256 



2,400 
5,188 
2,356 
2,316 

480 
1,836 

932 
1,460 
1,001 
1,412 

593 
694 

531 
718 



2,490 

2,087 

1,481 

626,837 

1,834 

1,748,901 

896 

333 

496 

139 

20 

2,044 
1,902,752 

2,441 
2,370,153 

2,070 
2,014,255 
29,605 
242,772 
980 
264,646 
83,308 
36,433 



172 

1,165 

1,701 

1,320 

816 

410 



173 

1,870 

3,531 

1,527 

152 

191 



175 

10 

25 

1,120 

4,266 



4,268 
5,501 
2,994 
3,025 
2,315 

262 
2,194 

599 

3,993 

4,105 

3,964 

4,000 

1,165 

1,175 

249 

254 

3,135 

3,366 

5,401 

9,853 

5,380 

9,032 

642 

652 

158 

169 

5,100 

5,386 



5,416 
9,581 
5,395 
5,340 

956 
4,384 
2,259 
3,156 

345 
1,035 

234 
254 

651 
831 



5,596 

4,342 

3,517 

942,831 

2,930 

902,128 

2,438 

268 

195 

27 

2 

4,912 
3,044,774 

5,454 
3,237,926 

4,065 
2,210,773 
33,212 
302,102 
1,918 
371,669 
111,453 
47,572 



170 
911 
1,207 
1,231 
970 
730 



505 

2,090 

3,074 

1,365 

305 

420 



240 
10 

105 
1,141 
3,843 



3,451 
5,038 
2,141 
2,176 
1,547 

170 
1,498 

290 

2,719 

2,754 

2,720 

2,730 

697 

697 

92 

92 

2,177 

2,261 

4,989 

7,150 

4,984 

6,793 

265 

275 

71 

77 

4,608 

5,108 



5,039 
7,877 
4,993 
4,923 
1,060 
3,363 
1,582 
2,247 
486 
707 

66 

67 

425 
640 



5,339 

4,049 

3,548 

811,107 

2,134 

407,495 

1,948 

130 

55 

1 



4,044 
1,574,425 

4,994 
1,964,764 

3,294 

1,246,414 

19,142 

172,473 

1,311 

215,819 

61,290 

27,485 



170 
407 
605 
910 
760 
585 



745 

1,660 

1,757 

745 

400 

515 



410 

20 

100 

775 

2,212 



2,117 

3,137 

1,101 

1,041 

761 

36 

565 

90 

1,001 

1,0U 

1,122 

1,132 

226 

226 

26 

26 

1,180 

1,215 

2,992 

3,792 

2,987 

3,632 

130 

130 

30 

30 

2,657 

2,898 



3,187 
4,605 
3,152 
3,117 

930 
2,187 

917 
1,248 

200 

240 

30 
30 

175 
210 



3,517 

2,652 

2,420 

414,915 

967 

U3,725 

397 

60 

10 



2,312 
587,149 

3,212 
818,615 

1,912 

492,018 

7,628 

69,942 

741 

89,400 

27,685 

13,305 



Excludes farms reporting expenditures for commercial fertilizer and Ujne. 



98 



SIZE OF OPERATION BY TYPE OF FARM 



Table 2._SUBREGI0N 71 -FARMS AND FARM CHARACTERISTICS FOR CASH-GRAIN FARMS, BY ECONOMIC CLASS: 

CENSUS OF 1954-Continued 

[Data are based on reparte for only a saiqple of farmB. See tert] 



Item 
(For definitions and explanations, see text) 



ill 

conmerclal 

farms 



Ecouanlc claas 



SSTMITED VAIOT OF FJHU PRQDnClB SOU) (see text) 

All farm products sold dollars , . 

All crops sold dollars . . 

Field crops, otiier than vegetables 
and fruits and nuts, sold dollars.. 

Vegetables sold dollars. . 

Fruits and nuts sold dollars.. 

Ifartlcultural specialties sold dollars. . 

All livestock and livestock products sold. — dollars.. 

Dairy products sold dollars . . 

Poultry and poultry products sold dollars.. 

Livestock and livestock products, other 

than dairy and poultry, sold dollars.. 

Forest products sold dollars.. 

LIVESTDCK AND LIVESTOCK HiODBCTS 

Livestock ea haad: 

Horses and mules farms reporting — 

number. . . 

All cattle and calves farms reporting... 

□umber. . . 
Cows, including heifers that 

have calved farms reporting . . . 

number . . . 

Ullk cows farms reporting. . . 

number . . . 

All hogs and pigs fajios reporting. . . 

nuinber. . . 

Bom before June 1 number. . . 

Chickens A months old and over. .. .farms reporting... 

nuinber. . . 

Sheep, total farms reporting. . . 

number. . . 

Number 1 year and over: 

Ewes number . . . 

Rams and wethers number . . . 

Livestock and livestock products sold: 

Cattle and calves sold alive farms reporting.. 

number. . 
dollars . . 

Hogs and pigs sold alive farms reporting.. 

number . . 
dollars . . 

Chickens sold farms reporting.. 

dollars. . 

Chicken eggs sold farms reporting.. 

dozens. . 
dollars . . 

Milk sold^ pounds. . 

dollars . . 

Sheep sold fajTDs reporting.. 

number . . 
dollars. . 

SPECIFIED CROPS HARVESTED 

Com for all purposes farms reporting. . . 

acres . . . 

Com harvested for grain farms reporting... 

acres. . . 

bushels harvested... 

bushels sold. .. 

Sorghum harvested for all purposes 

except for slrup^ farms reporting. . . 

acres. . . 

Sorghum harvested for grain or 

for seed^ farms reporting.. 

acres. . 

bushels harvested . . 

bushels sold . . 

Wheat threshed or combined farms reporting.. 

acres. . 

bushels harvested.. 

bushels sold . . 

Oats threshed or combined farms reporting.. 

acres. . 

bushels harvested.. 

bushels sold. . 

Barley threshed or combined farms reporting.. 

acres . . 

bushels harvested . . 

bushels sold.. 

Rye threshed or combined farms reporting.. 

acres . . 

bushels harvested . . 

bushels sold.. 

Soybeans harvested for all purposes. .farms reporting.. 

acres. . 



518,749,417 
156,656,763 

151,981,592 

172,537 

2,653,4S4 

1,349,150 

361,763,855 

31,552,218 

24,104,845 

306,106,792 
328,799 



30,583 

68,061 

77,568 

2,305,999 

70,156 
1,061,005 

64,905 
298,752 

62,111 
3,435,052 
1,512,220 

67,543 
8,661,137 

19,238 
335,611 



530,940 
23,870 



72,995 

1,169,611 

129,839,981 

62,262 

3,926,124 

162,711,174 

37,805 
3,944,625 

54,632 
57,956j230 
15,071,313 

1,176,438,299 
31,552,213 

13,344 

720,286 

10,404,335 



73,618 
3,443,330 

67,628 

2,871,657 

89,6U,677 

24,301,334 



5,223 
45,337 



353 

11,367 

310,557 

117,723 

29,072 

648,828 

18,468,722 

16,669,893 

50,969 

1,197,733 

42,816,548 

7,004,696 

2,566 

33,459 

1,015,583 

202,790 

3,283 

35,737 

602,535 

357,790 

41,502 
1,586,164 



113,111,212 
33,976,942 

33,372,3U 

22,027 

49,112 

33,490 

29,060,440 

3,066,872 

2,302,171 

23,691,397 
73,830 



4,373 

8,969 

15,457 

314,693 

15,127 
153,204 
15,296 
52,540 
10,272 
372,227 
162,958 
13,263 
1,426,239 

2,982 
99,163 



61,706 
2,743 



12,898 

115,137 

9,737,235 

9,359 

333,545 

15,678,593 

6,165 
368,809 

9,373 
7,440,400 
1,876,732 

125,239,939 
3,066,872 

2,700 

63,759 

909,035 



17,752 
1,006,525 

17,084 

918,796 

23,982,570 

16,675,507 



345 
10,362 



266 

5,273 

140,109 

88,180 

10,002 

275,731 

8,072,054 

7,550,941 

10,949 

251,597 

8,695,692 

3,479,369 

519 

7,395 

227,267 

88,728 

794 

11,393 

204,310 

149,162 

15,583 
334,062 



10,156,294 
7,982,240 

7,981,867 



2,171,604 
102,471 
32,696 

2,036,437 
2,450 



93 

206 

257 

17,452 

254 

6,383 

204 

1,172 

137 

21,643 

9,352 

171 

19,210 

36 
7,281 



1,646 
55 



229 

7,876 

956,621 

214 

24,686 

995,115 

70 
6,996 

103 
86,332 
25,247 

3,363,428 
102,471 

37 

3,979 

73,826 



287 
61,658 

285 

58,912 

2,491,018 

1,624,135 



15 
819 



435 
14,250 
9,200 

263 

25,345 

829,302 

804,144 

167 

7,956 

326,229 

138,006 

13 

425 

17,013 

7,403 

44 

933 

22,836 

20,093 

281 
53,049 



35,408,794 
26,334,249 

26,829,145 
1,577 
28,527 
25,000 
8,516,320 
592,287 
376,413 

7,547,620 
8,225 



568 

1,157 

2,134 

67,108 

" 2,068 

30,822 

1,671 

7,891 

1,726 

107,343 

44,566 

1,627 

187,029 

407 
13,566 



10,842 
505 



1,961 

27,971 

2,398,392 

1,775 

106,353 

4,374,223 

766 
54,059 

1,132 

1,265,344 

320,544 

23,033,941 
592,287 

405 

14,222 

202,096 



2,443 
238,351 

2,409 

223,477 

8,173,452 

5,101,041 



115 
2,442 

42 

1,541 

42,169 

30,350 

1,843 

83,069 

2,613,933 

2,500,550 

1,623 

55,373 

2,194,413 

992,353 

99 

2,243 

63,344 

34,460 

202 

3,805 

64,889 

49,784 

2,405 
234,335 



39,491,931 
23,403,075 

23,363,973 

13,925 

6,687 

8,490 

11,060,341 

1,344,329 

956,349 

8,759,163 
23,515 



1,155 
2,346 

5,004 
114,636 

4,909 
56,968 
4,112 
19,103 
3,724 
146,163 
66,131 
4,407 
539,453 

1,023 
34,936 



24,428 
1,003 



4,477 

41,468 

3,460,932 

3,762 

128,335 

4,839,130 

2,403 
165,796 

3,372 

3,011,134 

771,546 

54,535,355 
1,344,329 

952 
23,133 
325,528 



5,440 
347,459 

5,268 

312,655 

9,818,400 

5,339,068 



194 
2,839 

65 

1,690 
49,350 
23,830 

3,481 

93,131 

2,704,377 

2,503,095 

3,379 

96,620 

3,414,925 

1,264,450 

216 

2,937 

96,915 

33,965 

323 

4,545 

75,555 

50,255 

5,151 
302,603 



20,030,307 
14,693,370 

14,686,024 

525 

6,321 

5,310,217 
749,330 
623,715 

3,937,172 
26,720 



1,256 

2,478 

4,479 

76,602 

4,383 
39,024 

3,417 
14,961 

2,782 
69,520 
30,121 

3,775 
403,630 

391 
24,080 



15,500 
685 



3,728 

24,356 

1,734,491 

2,690 
53,685 

1,847,840 

1,740 
93,710 

2,670 

1,937,220 

491,005 

32,118,884 
749,330 

791 
14,645 
207,855 



5,104 
232,237 

4,919 

212,462 

5,925,285 

3,249,300 



246 
2,237 



61 

622 

16,015 

9,560 

2,603 

43,206 

1,302,137 

1,183,912 

3,113 

60,023 

1,846,460 

725,245 

115 

965 

27,690 

4,795 

155 

1,595 

34,385 

24,175 

4,378 
161,450 



6,920,751 
5,149,156 

5,142,990 
1,000 
5,166 

1,764,215 
243,985 
255,008 

1,265,222 
7,380 



895 
1,865 
2,637 
31,304 

2,597 
16,102 
2,186 
7,557 
1,447 
23,443 
11,088 
2,367 
212,642 

515 
12,000 



7,630 
415 



1,967 

8,613 

559,979 

1,197 
17,781 
574,995 

936 
34,713 

1,500 
882,525 
219,500 

10,622,655 
243,935 

435 

6,595 

86,920 



3,272 
100,690 

3,082 

89,115 

2,143,155 

1,160,378 



165 
1,280 



60 

705 

13,355 

6,865 

1,456 

21,895 

535,595 

432,205 

1,651 

25,585 

757,815 

293,775 

65 

570 

17,455 

5,855 

50 

290 

3,470 

1,800 

2,627 
64,500 



^Includes milk equivalent of cream and butterfat sold. 



^Data relate only to that part of the subregion located in Missouri . 



CASH-GRAIN FARMS 



99 



Table 2.-SUBREGI0N 71 —FARMS AND FARM CHARACTERISTICS FOR CASH-GRAIN FARMS. BY ECONOMIC CLASS: 

CENSUS OF 1954-Continued 

[Data are baaed on reports for only a aanqile of faims. See text] 



(For deflniticois and explanations, see text) 



SPECIFIED CHOPS lUBVESTED— Continued 
Soybeans harvested for all purposes— Continued 

Soybeans harvested for beans farms reporting , . 

acres . . 
bushels harvested . . 

Soybeans cut for hay farms reporting. . 

acres. . 
tons harvested . . 

Red clover seed harvested farms reporting . . 

acres. . 
bushels harvested . . 

Lespedeza seed harvested^ farms reporting.. 

acres., 
pounds harvested . . 

Tlrtothy seed harvested farms reporting. . 

acres . . 
bushels harvested.. 

Alfalfa and alfalfa mixtures cut for hay (and for 

dehydratijig) acres. .. 

tons. . . 
tons sold . . . 

Clover, timothy, and mixtures of clover and grasses cut 

for hay acres.. . 

tons . . . 
tons sold . . . 



Lespedeza cut for hay. 



acres . 

tons, 
tons sold. 



Oats, wheat, barley, rye, or other small grains 
cut for hay 



acres. 

tons, 
tons sold. 



Wild hay cut'. 



acres . . 

tons . . 
tons sold . . 

Grass silage made from grasses, alfalfa, clover, or 

small grains acres. . 

tons, green weight. . 

Other hay cut acres.. 

tons . . 
tons sold . . 

Nursery products sold dollars . . 

Cut flowers, potted plants, florist greens, and bedding 

plants sold dollars. . 

Vegetables grown under glass, flower seeds, vegetable seeds, 
vegetable plants, bulbs, and mushrooms sold dollars.. 

Farms reporting by acres of com harvested for all purposes: 

Under 11 acres farms reporting. . 

11 to 2^ acres farms reporting. . 

25 to 49 acres farms reporting.. 

50 to lU acres farms reporting.. 

75 to 99 acres farms reporting. . 

100 acres and over farms reporting. . 

Farms reporting by acres of sorghums harvested for all purposes:^ 

Under 11 acres farms reporting. . 

11 to 24 acres farms reporting.. 

25 to 49 acres farms reporting. . 

50 to 74 acres farms reporting.. 

75 to 99 acres farms reporting. . 

100 acres and over farms reporting. . 

Farms reporting by acres of wheat threshed or combined: 

Under 10 acres farms reporting. . 

10 to 24 acres farms reporting.. 

25 to 49 acres farms reportijig.. 

50 to 99 acres farms reporting.. 

100 to 199 acres farms reporting. . 

200 to 299 acres farms reporting. . 

300 to 499 acres farms reporting.. 

500 to 999 acres farms reporting. . 

1,000 acres and over farms reporting.. 

Farms reporting by acres of soybeans harvested for all purposes: 

Under 25 acres farms reporting.. 

25 to 49 acres farms reporting.. 

50 to 99 acres farms reporting. . 

100 acres and over farms reporting. . 



All 

coonercial 

fams 



40,119 

1,548,565 

28,272,693 

2,330 
19,445 
21,423 

3,895 
58,558 
38,535 

2,432 

33,170 

5,639,362 

2,089 
30,092 
119,181 



486,991 
928,123 
65,347 



1,108,386 

1,217,733 

68,805 

50,091 

46,574 

1,382 



117,065 

144,146 

3,310 

8,896 

9,138 
160 



17,705 
83,318 

57,907 

59,915 

5,279 

1,407,760 

382,045 



6,644 
15,341 
24,745 
14,664 
6,262 
5,962 



4,090 
864 
209 
35 
9 
16 



4,227 
16,463 
6,U3 
1,974 

229 

29 

6 

1 



19,280 
11,659 
7,826 
2,737 



Econonlc clasB 



15,491 

827,863 

15,745,523 

401 
4,156 
4,243 

1,091 
17,498 
11,101 

595 

9,467 

1,387,220 

296 
3,244 
13,742 



67,277 
134,414 
23,248 



199,557 

217,822 

25,446 

9,914 

9,106 

405 



14,522 
16,760 
1,095 

1,870 

2,470 

40 



1,449 
7,258 

7,950 

9,683 

1,560 

25,000 

4,245 

4,245 



905 
2,844 
5,553 
4,184 
2,017 
2,249 



565 

185 
70 
13 

1 



820 
5,249 
2,640 

1,127 

139 
22 



4,418 
4,715 
4,465 
1,985 



280 

57,957 

1,420,266 

2 

58 
62 

35 
1,339 



10 

387 

75,520 



5,255 
15,357 
7,795 



5,483 

7,799 

555 



267 
442 
25 



218 
2,145 

419 
941 
750 



11 
23 
16 
237 



16 
18 
25 
222 



2,404 

234,3U 

5,188,954 

8 
188 
166 

239 
4,769 
3,306 

81 

2,131 

362,695 

46 

439 

2,062 



16,003 
35,381 
4,973 



43,395 

50,128 
7,491 

1,041 
915 



1,653 
1,979 

15 



575 
2,175 

1,287 

1,876 

75 

25,000 



10 

33 

286 

537 

568 

1,009 



35 
385 
721 
636 

64 

2 



84 
322 

988 
1,011 



5,151 

301,515 

5,533,853 

121 
1,185 
1,550 

422 
6,475 
3,890 

223 

2,969 

460,225 

95 
1,150 
5,275 



20,289 

39,059 

5,125 



76,613 
84,715 
10,080 

2,880 

2,945 

5 



4,630 

5,817 

310 

1,070 

1,795 

30 



481 
2,598 

2,389 

3,846 

125 



75 

286 

1,530 

1,912 

899 

738 



100 
57 
31 



170 
1,720 
1,238 

343 

10 



625 
1,669 
2,260 

597 



4,363 

159,470 

2,621,210 

125 
1,405 
1,115 

320 
4,125 
2,525 

200 

3,045 

380,780 

135 
1,530 
5,750 



15,355 
28,040 
3,975 



49,181 
50,925 
5,170 



3,195 

2,905 

210 



4,465 

5,010 

380 

315 

300 



125 
300 

2,050 

2,045 

480 



180 

905 

2,066 

1,301 
432 
220 



200 
30 
11 



255 

1,827 

481 

40 



1,471 
1,860 

917 
130 



2,567 
62,530 

341,110 

no 

1,045 
1,085 

70 
590 
395 

65 

675 

79,900 

5 

5 

375 



7,795 

11,550 

1,205 



19,400 
19,570 
2,115 

2,245 
1,695 

175 



2,930 

2,980 

345 

275 
225 

10 



50 
40 

945 
720 

130 



335 
1,090 
1,365 
366 
81 
35 



130 
25 
10 



235 

1,076 

135 

ID 



1,622 

745 

235 

25 



^Data relate only to that part of the subregion located in Missouri . 



100 



SIZE OF OPERATION BY TYPE OF FARM 



Table2._SUBREGI0N 72 -FARMS AND FARM CHARACTERISTICS FOR CASH-GRAIN FARMS, BY ECONOMIC CLASS: 

CENSUS OF 1954 

[Data are based on reports for only a san5)le of farms. See text] 



(For definitions and explanations, see text) 



All 

conimerciE 

fairms 



Economic clasps 



FAME, ACREAGE, AND VALUE 

paraa number. . 

Percent distribution percent. . 

Land in fans acres.. 

Percent distribution percent. . 

Average size of farm acres.. 

Value of iaad aod buildings: 

Average per farm dollars . . 

Average per acre dollars . . 

Land in faras according to use: 

Cropland harvested farms rq)ortlng.. 

acres . . 

Percent distribution percent. . 

Cropland used only for past\u"e. . — farms reporting. , 

acres . . 

Cropland not harvested and not pastured farms reporting.. 

acres. . 
Cropland used only for crops 

not harvested and not pastured farms reporting., 

acres. . 

Cropland lying idle farms reporting. , 

acres. . 

Woodland pastured farms reporting.. 

acres . . 
Woodland not pastured farms reporting. , 

acres . , 
Other pasture (not cropland 
and not woodland) farms reporting. 

acres. . 
Improved (see text).^ farms reporting.. 

acres . , 
Other land (house lots, roads, 
wasteland, etc.) '. farms reporting., 

acres. . 
Cropland, total farms reporting. . 

acres. . 
Land pastured, total farms reporting. 

acres . . 
Woodland, total farms reporting. 

acres . , 
Irrigated land in farms farms reporting. 

acres . 

USE OF CCfl*ffiRCIAL FERTIUZER 

Crops on «bicb coaacrcial fertilizer was useJ, 1954: 

Hay and cropland pasture farms reporting. 

tons, 
acres on which used. 

Other pasture farms reporting. 

tons. 
acres on which used. 

Corn Xarms reporting. 

tons. 
acres on which used. 

Wheat Xarms reporting . 

tons, 
acres on which used. 

Fruits, vegetables, and potatoes farms reporting. 

tons. 

acres on which used . 

Other crops farms reporting. 

tons. 
acres on which used. 

RESIDENCE OF FARM OPERATOR 

Residing on farm operated operators reporting. 

Not residing on farm operated operators reporting. 

Cjjerators not reporting residence number. 

FARIE BY SI2E 

l&ider 10 acres number. 

10 to 29 acres number. 

30 to A9 acres number. 

50 to 69 acres number. 

70 to 99 acres number . 

100 to 139 acres number . 

140 to 179 acres number. 

180 to 219 acres number . 

220 to 259 acres number . 

260 to 499 acres number . 

500 to 999 acres number . 

1,000 acres and over number. 

FARM OPERATORS BY COLOR AND TENURE 

All fara operatora: 

Owners, part owners, and managers number. 

All tenants number , 

All vbite operators: 

Owners, part owners, and managers number. 

All tenants number. 

Ail nonvhite operators: 

Owners, part owners, and managers number. 

All tenants number. 



27,963 


7,486 


XXX 


100.0 


5,388,892 


1,586,289 


XXX 


100.0 


192.7 


2U.9 


20,348 


26,825 


104.68 


127.05 


26,503 


7,486 


2,606,458 


1,042,577 


XXX 


100.0 


15,423 


2,819 


513,095 


66,027 


8,335 


2,444 


203,307 


68,990 


4,703 


1,342 


110,495 


36,077 


4,875 


1,457 


92,312 


32,913 


13,313 


2,194 


813,089 


102,758 


11,624 


3,182 


509,739 


131,923 


14,570 


3,649 


484,185 


94,136 


3,386 


717 


63,481 


12,244 


27,026 


7,103 


259,019 


79,378 


27,020 


7,486 


3,322,360 


1,177,594 


25,390 


6,123 


1,810,369 


262,921 


19,588 


4,339 


1,322,828 


234,681 


167 


16 


2,770 


170 



4,534 
13,160 
79,064 
1,350 
3,348 
19,291 

17,007 
61,163 

587,449 
11,547 
32,740 

319,997 

659 

1,750 

7,768 

9,281 

25,052 

231,303 



26,493 
1,189 

281 



610 
745 
1,005 
1,090 
2,730 
4,751 

4,835 
3,561 
2,697 
5,024 

804 
111 



22,093 

5,870 



22,062 
5,865 



634 

2,093 

12,290 

179 

537 

3,340 

4,928 
20,152 
210,213 
4,059 
14,403 
147,869 

U2 

265 

1,420 

1,906 

6,038 

62,510 



6,859 
522 
105 



5 

60 

215 

220 

670 

1,065 

1,370 
1,015 

900 
1,750 

185 
31 



4,987 
2,499 



4,937 
2,499 



21 

0.3 

20,346 

1.3 

968.9 

126,714 
133.84 

21 

15,046 

1.4 

12 

1,975 

9 

224 



9 

1,049 

8 

769 

19 

1,003 

21 

17,245 

16 

3,895 

16 

1,049 

1 

100 



2 
35 
165 

3 
100 
750 

17 

279 

2,440 

21 

396 

3,719 



40 
165 

11 
139 
918 



693 
9.3 

263,091 

16.9 

386.9 

52,243 
135.27 

693 

203,976 

19.6 

337 

10,264 

247 

10,936 

134 
6,288 

143 
4,648 

123 

8,107 

270 

13,040 

292 

10,502 

123 

3,025 

667 
11,266 

693 
225,176 

556 
28,873 

327 
21, U7 



103 
436 
2,385 
36 
110 
840 

577 

4,208 

40,053 

525 

3,796 

37,360 

25 

52 

255 

253 
1,482 
14,771 



620 
53 
20 



45 
100 
430 

96 

12 



474 
219 



474 
219 



2,039 
27.2 

531,466 
33.5 
260.7 

33,959 
131.25 

2,039 

378,903 

36.4 

839 

21,732 

596 

17,035 

370 

10,310 

321 

6,775 

547 
24,948 

867 
31,325 

1,197 

32,105 

265 

4,160 

1,989 

25',313 

2,039 

417,775 

1,329 

73,835 

1,129 

56,273 

10 

50 



286 

770 

4,505 

75 

116 

750 

1,609 
7,440 

79,954 
l,50fe 
5,620 

61,149 

40 
92 
525 

572 
1,726 
19,135 



1,958 
61 
20 



235 
335 
400 
830 
36 
3 



1,219 

820 



1,219 
820 



2,205 
29.4 

421,486 
26.6 
191.2 

24,635 
131.48 

2,205 

270,269 

25.9 

739 

15,063 

712 

18,465 

370 
8,870 

462 
9,595 

597 
23,650 

959 
39,540 

1,056 

26,305 

201 

2,765 

2,105 
23,194 

2,205 
303,797 

1,744 
70,018 

1,269 
68,190 



10 

20 

40 

185 

380 

580 
335 
270 
360 
21 
4 



1,374 
831 



1,374 
831 



1,847 
24.7 

258,940 
16.3 
U0.2 

17,116 
120.35 

1,847 
140,806 

13.5 
636 

12,332 
610 

15,760 

335 
7,275 

360 
8,485 

632 
24,275 

811 
34,785 

815 

17,275 

90 

1,085 

1,702 

13,707 

1,347 

168,898 

1,462 

53,832 

1,137 

59,060 

5 

20 



142 


126 


438 


320 


2,600 


2,175 


35 


30 


62 


149 


480 


520 


1,423 


l,t>16 


4,829 


2,835 


52,594 


29,995 


1,197 


700 


2,992 


1,386 


32,041 


11,790 


40 


15 


55 


22 


365 


70 


534 


356 


1,606 


854 


16,758 


8,733 


2,005 


1,642 


135 


170 


15 


35 



110 
135 
320 
490 

405 
190 
95 
70 
25 
2 



1,365 
482 



1,365 
482 



CASH-GRAIN FARMS 



101 



Table 2t-SUBREGI0N 72. 



-F/VRMS AND FARM CHARACTERISTICS FOR CASH-GRAIN FARMS, BY ECONOMIC CLASS: 
CENSUS OF 1954-Continued 

[Data are based on reports for only a sanple of fanus. See text] 



Item 
(For definitions and explanations, see text) 



All 

coamiercial 

farms 



Economic class 



FAHM OPEHAIQRS BY AGE 

Under 25 years operators reporting. 

25 to 34 years operators reporting. 

35 to 44 years operators reporting. 

45 to 54 years operators reporting . 

55 to 64 years operators reporting . 

65 years and over operators reporting . 

OFF-FABM WORK AND OTHER INCCME 

FsTB operators — 

With other income of family exceeding value of farm 

products sold operators reporting . 

Working off their farms, by days 

worked, total operators reporting. 

None operators reporting. 

1 to 99 days operators reporting . 

100 to 199 days operators reportijig . 

200 days or more operators reporting . 

FAEJE BY CLASS OF WORK POWER 

No tractor, horses, or mules farms reporting. 

No tractor and only 1 horse or mule farms reporting. 

No tractor and 2 or more horses and/ or mules farms reporting. 

Tractor and horses and/or mules farms reporting. 

Tractor and no horses or mules farms reporting. 

SPECIFIED FACILITIES AND EQUIPMENT 

Telephone farms reporting. 

Electricity farms reporting. 

Television set farms reporting. 

Piped running water farms reporting . 

Home freezer farms reporting . 

Electric pig brooder farms reporting. 

Power feed grinder farms reporting. 

Uxlking machine farms reporting . 

Grain combines farms reporting. 

number . 
Com pickers farms reporting . 

number . 
Pick-up hay balers farms reporting. 

number . 
Field forage harvesters farms reporting. 

number . 
M3tortrucks farms reporting. 

number . 
Tractors farms reporting. 

number . 
Wheel tractors other than garden farms reporting. 

number . 
Garden tractors farms reporting. 

number . 
Crawler tractors farms reporting . 

number . 
Automobiles farms reporting. 

number . 

FARM LABOR 

Week of Oct. 24-30: 

Family and/or hired workers farms reporting. 

persons. 

Family workers, including operator farms reporting. 

Operators working 1 hour or more persons . 

1 to lA hours persons . 

15 hours or more persons . 

Unpaid members of operator's family farms reporting. 

persons . 

Hired workers farms reporting. 

persons. 
Regular workers (to be employed 

150 days or more) farms reporting. 

persons . 
Seasonal workers (to be employed 

less than 150 days ) farms reporting. 

persons . 

SPECIFIED FARM EXPENDITURES 

Specified farm expenditures^ farms reporting. 

Machine hire and/or hired labor farms reporting. 

Machine hire farms reporting. 

dollars. 

Hired labor farms reporting. 

dollars . 

$1 to $499 farms reporting . 

$500 to $999 farms reporting . 

$1,000 to $2,499 farms reporting. 

$2,500 to $4,999 farms reporting. 

$5,000 and over farms reporting. 

Feed for livestock and poultry farms reporting. 

dollars. 

Gasoline and other petroleum fuel and oil farms reporting. 

dollars. 
Commercial fertilizer and 

fertilizing material farms reporting. 

dollars . 

tons . 

acres on which used. 

Mme and lijiiing material farms reporting. 

dollars . 

tons. 

acres on which used. 



382 
3,049 
5,446 
6,949 
6,748 
4,693 



3,008 

8,717 
18,531 
5,369 
1,139 
2,209 



2,296 

177 

1,449 

8,399 

15,6^2 



20,178 
26,753 
11,039 
15,663 
12,973 

1,250 
11,366 

5,233 

13,755 

14,143 

10,214 

10,318 

4,532 

4,590 

2,180 

2,184 

15,189 

16,732 

24,236 

39,357 

24,000 

36,647 

2,042 

2,133 

496 

572 

23,295 

27,409 



26,899 
49,995 
26,744 
26,257 
4,355 
21,902 
12,870 
18,377 
3,504 
5,361 

1,660 
2,199 

2,061 
3,162 



27,913 

21,279 

18,295 

3,503,968 

12,701 

5,832,686 

10,101 

1,164 

1,045 

273 

113 

25,297 
29,519,702 

25,071 
10,379,000 

21,237 

8,047,156 
137,837 

1,247,337 

7,461 

981,491 

300,836 

122,165 



190 
1,189 
1,489 
1,786 
1,612 
1,004 



360 

2,672 

4,658 

1,607 

411 

654 



360 
25 

U5 
1,653 
5,303 



4,931 
7,065 
3,457 
4,095 
3,433 

236 
2,702 

851 

5,255 

5,463 

3,943 

4,000 

1,063 

1,109 

405 

408 

4,585 

5,106 

6,971 

12,416 

6,940 

11,714 

436 

4^1 

200 

261 

6,268 

7,402 



7,085 
12,229 
7,046 
6,886 
1,219 
5,667 
2,864 
3,979 
936 
1,364 

355 
440 

623 
924 



7,466 

5,477 

4,636 

941,392 

3,174 

1,346,332 

2,491 

375 

213 

58 

37 

5,948 
3,514,405 

7,124 
3,732,332 

5,780 

2,548,199 

43,655 

4i0,118 

2,199 

373,294 

108,936 

43,446 



21 

40 

19 

23 

6 

7 

3 

6 

21 

50 

21 

104 

20 

94 

3 

3 

7 

7 

21 



21 

21 

15 

8,490 

16 

87,106 

1 

6 

4 
5 

15 

51,325 

21 

65,771 

21 

58,157 

990 

8,177 

10 

4,204 

1,486 

525 



5 

U5 

176 

137 

94 

56 



225 
462 
190 
16 
19 



118 
575 



534 
683 
430 
540 
469 
20 
407 
161 

655 
759 
592 
609 
200 
210 



603 

782 

693 

1,919 

693 

1,771 

33 

83 

59 

65 

672 

890 



683 
1,652 
671 
641 
46 
595 
353 
569 
267 
442 



155 
195 



MO 
247 



693 

606 

410 

153,117 

509 

542,888 

256 

105 

84 

38 

26 

584 
622,779 

631 
726,236 

624 
624,975 
10,118 
95,869 
254 
73,003 
23,157 
8,134 



60 
445 
423 
600 
375 
121 



1,984 
3,564 
1,973 
1,923 

205 
1,718 

906 
1,238 

313 

403 

97 

100 

227 
303 



2,039 

1,633 

1,382 

297,455 

1,088 

337,690 

885 

120 

71 

11 

1 

1,834 

1,461,661 

2,019 

1,367,081 

1,794 

936,349 

15,776 

168,129 

787 

150,660 

41,324 

17,578 



65 
291 
437 
516 
520 
261 



620 


302 


1,394 


1,343 


485 


462 


75 


125 


60 


215 


25 


90 


5 




10 


20 


381 


541 


1,618 


1,554 


1,589 


1,481 


2,009 


2,124 


1,143 


964 


1,334 


1,208 


1,324 


899 


110 


60 


1,043 


777 


390 


210 


1,788 


1,649 


1,843 


1,664 


1,444 


1,207 


1,470 


1,207 


442 


248 


457 


253 


166 


112 


166 


112 


1,523 


1,295 


1,669 


1,383 


1,999 


2,095 


4,084 


3,499 


1,994 


2,090 


3,837 


3,292 


165 


105 


170 


105 


62 


62 


77 


102 


1,854 


1,854 


2,197 


2,131 



2,059 
3,632 
2,044 
1,999 

365 
1,634 

901 
1,251 

261 

382 

70 
85 

191 
297 



2,205 

1,634 

1,407 

262,336 

924 

273,783 

762 

110 

47 



1,784 

920,285 

2,125 

983,309 

1,714 

569,983 

10,142 

105,628 

602 

92,350 

25,679 

9,824 



55 
270 
335 
386 

460 
305 



846 
961 
291 
195 
360 



25 

446 

1,246 



1,011 
1,692 
761 
792 
617 
30 
372 
75 

961 

971 

611 

621 

151 

161 

25 

25 

922 

993 

1,707 

2,289 

1,687 

2,199 

80 

80 

10 

10 

1,451 

1,676 



1,737 

2,449 

1,737 

1,702 

460 

1,242 

507 

667 

70 



1,847 

1,192 

1,047 

174,519 

501 

85,220 

456 

35 

5 



1,341 
386,145 

1,787 
505,855 

1,276 

297,635 

5,581 

52,773 

466 

45,232 

14,755 

6,540 



Excludes farms reporting expenditures for commercial fertilizer and lime . 



102 



SIZE OF OPERATION BY TYPE OF FARM 



Table 2.-SUBREGI0N 72 .-FARMS AND FARM CHARACTKRISTICS FOR CASH-GRAIN FARMS. BY ECONOMIC CLASS: 

CENSUS OF 1954-C<)ntinue(l 

LData are based on reparta for only a saople of fanne. See text] 



(For definitions and explanations, see text) 



All 

comnerclal 

farms 



Econcolc class 



ESTDttTED VALUE OF FAMI PRODDCTS SOU) (see text) 

All farm products sold dollars . . 

All crops sold dollars . . 

Field crops, other than vegetables 
and fniits and nuts, sold dollars.. 

Vegetables sold dollars . . 

Fruits and nuts sold dollars . . 

Horticultiiral specialties sold dollars. . 

All livestock and livestock products sold.,., dollars. . 

Dairy products sold dollars.. 

Poultry and poultry products sold dollars.. 

Livestock and livestock products, other 

than dairy and poultry, sold dollars. . 

Forest products sold dollars . . 

LIVESTOCK AND LIVESTOCIt PHODnClS 
Livestock ob hand: 

Horses and mules farms reporting.,, 

number. .. 

All cattle and calves farms reporting... 

number... 
Co«s, including heifers that 

have calved farms reporting... 

number . . . 

Uilk cows farms reporting... 

number . . . 

All hogs and pigs farms reporting. . . 

number.. . 

Bom before June 1 number . . . 

Chickens A montha old and over. ...farms reporting... 

□umber. . . 

Sheep, total farms reporting. . . 

number. . . 

Number 1 year and over: 

Ewes number . , . 

Rams and wethers number . . . 

Livestock and livestock products sold : 

Cattle and calves sold alive farms reporting... 

number , . . 
dollars, .. 

Hogs and pigs sold alive farms reporting... 

number . . . 
dollars... 

Chickens sold farms reporting. . . 

dollars.. . 

Chicken eggs sold farms reporting. . . 

dozens. . , 
dollars . . . 

Milk sold^ pounds. .. 

dollars . . . 

Sheep sold farms reporting. . . 

number . . . 
dollars. .. 

SPECIFIED CROPS HARVESTED 

Com for all purposes farms reporting. . . 

acres .. . 

Corn harvested for grain farms reporting... 

acres. . . 

bushels harvested... 

bushels sold . . . 

Wheat threshed or combined farms reporting... 

acres. . . 

bushels harvested . . . 

bushels sold . . . 

Oats threshed or combined farms reporting... 

acres. . . 

bushels harvested . . . 

bushels sold. .. 

Barley threshed or combined farms reporting... 

acres . . . 

bushels harvested . . . 

bushels sold . . . 

Rye threshed or combined farms reporting. . . 

acres . . . 

bushels harvested . . . 

bushels sold . . , 

Soybeans harvested for all purposes.. farms reporting... 

acres... 

Soybeans harvested for beans farms reporting... 

acres . . . 
bushels harvested . . . 

Soybeans cut for hay farms reporting. . . 

acres... 
tons harvested . . . 



135,384,744 
50,420,484 

46,084,401 
1,235,210 
1,200,318 
1,900,555 
84,543,592 
21,581,215 
13,701,336 

49,266,041 
415,668 



10,025 
22,078 
24,417 
519,199 

23,575 
247,327 

19,880 
145,062 

20,088 
567,279 
213,280 

23,514 
4,162,069 

1,764 
41,350 



25,836 
1,836 



22,400 

242,073 

21,556,372 

13,457 

660,049 

27,049,091 

15,573 
3,651,474 

20,362 

30,386,340 
9,107,704 

664,356,824 
21,581,215 

1,494 

27,742 

401,863 



23,723 
862,976 

20,964 

655,802 

12,271,745 

3,251,340 

16,023 

469,134 

13,334,197 

11,761,038 

15,359 

209,455 

7,623,871 

921,468 

4,044 

44,693 

1,417,545 

189,454 

1,777 

14,653 

282,579 

145,645 

13,971 
512,625 

12,768 

474,624 

4,568,357 



37,072,520 

27,918,935 

27,588,402 
128,875 
201,658 

9,107,74a 
2,146,574 
1,836,745 

5,124,429 
45,337 



1,323 

4,044 

5,646 

84,151 

5,312 
39,294 

4,112 
21,735 

4,430 
84,962 
34,699 

5,732 
896,969 

454 
8,991 



2,616 
21,591 
16,020 



5,217 
510 



4,476 

23,654 

2,213,459 

3,749 

75,984 

2,795,678 

3,419 
265,500 

4,850 
5,783,331 
1,541,244 

75,631,655 
2,146,574 

342 
4,373 

71,060 



6,994 
320,004 

6,670 

277,272 

5,299,335 

2,553,365 

6,108 

235,755 

6,892,638 

6,302,070 

4,292 

60,495 

2,028,660 

549,545 

1,021 

12,345 

389,334 

117,399 

614 

5,630 

118,620 

73,741 

6,206 
305,345 

6,076 

292,993 

2,992,092 

687 
5,237 
4,203 



832,063 
631,262 

573,458 

200 

57,604 

199,051 

4,250 

50 

194,751 
1,750 



17 

19 

2,140 

13 
951 

14 
57 
13 
2,155 
807 
6 
35 



15 

947 

76,351 

12 

2,485 

118,400 



212,500 
4,250 



20 
3,594 

20 

3,004 

84,345 

62,770 

20 

3,745 

127,437 

121,692 

14 

317 
16,050 
8,725 

14 

550 

14,029 

10,654 

4 

133 

3,430 

3,021 

21 
5,471 

21 

5,331 

47,437 



9,224,005 
7,252,424 

7,174,499 
44,375 
33,550 

1,963,606 
457,135 
275,329 

1,236,142 
2,975 



113 

304 

546 

14,909 

514 

6,543 

371 

2,594 

440 

13,990 

5,700 

525 

106,333 

58 
1,658 



1,048 
63 



490 

5,683 

606,614 

395 

14,440 

607,411 

372 
42,000 

468 
881,931 
231,334 

13,336,888 
457,135 

37 

963 

16,390 



688 
56,935 

666 

48,090 

1,068,215 

599,880 

637 

54,725 

1,791,956 

1,713,643 

446 

9,291 

345,750 

120,075 

127 
2,505 
82,585 
23,695 

:04 

1,462 

31,160 

19,430 

661 
62,249 

661 
60,622 
766,025 

62 
707 
718 



14,691,451 

10,765,720 

10,701,818 
30,500 
33,402 

3,915,201 

1,018,185 

316,855 

2,030,161 
10,530 



396 

807 

1,309 

32,345 

1,728 
15,109 

1,331 

8,557 

1,456 

33,050 

13,070 

1,720 

341,030 

145 
2,685 



1,560 
120 



1,609 
11,372 
873,175 

1,331 

30,338 

1,174,525 

1,240 
110,290 

1,560 

2,537,760 

687,600 

36,760,612 
1,013,135 

105 
1,175 
17,250 



1,994 
114,319 

1,923 

99,024 

2,017,775 

923,210 

1,903 

90,374 
2,712,775 
2,483,560 

1,357 

22,423 

753,965 

132,340 

400 

4,445 

144,395 

33,340 

206 

1,815 

43,265 

27,050 

1,373 
112,050 

1,363 

108,475 

1,132,360 

215 
1,605 
1,355 



3,282,633 
6,135,354 

6,071,329 
28,840 
35,135 

2,123,022 
502,314 
4S8,161 

1,132,047 
24,262 



561 

1,213 

1,604 

20,167 

1,524 
9,453 
1,203 
6,217 
1,343 
22,223 
9,337 
1,633 
257,231 

116 
2,333 



1,274 
147 



1,3U 

6,343 

466,419 

1,159 

20,163 

634,985 

1,055 
77,825 

1,476 

1,522,030 

404,510 

13,682,760 
502, 3U 

100 

1,370 

13,235 



2,034 
34,314 

2,004 

72,954 

1,230,335 

581,475 

1,897 

56,891 

1,529,720 

1,357,660 

1,234 

16,039 

519,500 

137,665 

320 

3,235 

105,785 

35,305 

155 

1,305 

25,315 

16,510 

1,904 
73,125 

1,364 

74,275 

661,970 

205 
1,470 
1,210 



3,489,901 
2,639,896 

2,659,407 
23,960 
6,529 

794,935 
152,340 
226,930 

415,165 
5,070 



471 

1,089 

1,272 

11,620 

1,162 

5,639 

882 

3,414 

982 

11,570 

4,713 

1,337 

156,885 

105 
2,010 



1,145 
160 



837 

3,227 

161,705 

706 

7,357 

226,342 

581 
30,455 

1,051 
749,200 
194,040 

6,120,335 
152,840 

35 
1,235 
17,735 



1,627 
48,720 

1,522 
43,930 
707,560 
331,035 

1,275 

24,505 
613,550 
537,175 

886 

9,735 

307,570 

74,450 

140 

1,525 

39,315 

3,705 

115 

740 

11,440 

6,370 

1,402 
41,110 

1,347 
37,980 
296,170 

170 

1,215 

330 



^Includes milk equivalent of cream and butterfat sold. 



CASH-GRAIN FARMS 



103 



Table ^.-SUBREGION 72 .-FARMS AND FARM CHARACTERISTICS FOR CASH-GRAIN FARMS, BY ECONOMIC CLASS: 

CENSUS OF 1954-Continued 

[Data are based cm reports for only a Bample of faims. See text J 



(For definitions and ezplenatlons, see text) 



SPECIFIED CROPS HARVESTED — Continued 

Red clover seed harvested farms reporting. 

acres, 
bushels harvested. 



Alfalfa and alfalfa mixtures cut for hay (and for 
dehydrating) 



acres . 

tons, 
tons sold . 

Clover, timothy, and mixtures of clover and grasses cut 
for hay acres . 

tons, 
tons sold . 



Lespedeza cut for hay. 



acres. 

tons, 
tons sold . 



Oats, wheat, barley, rye, or other small grains 
cut for hay 



acres. 

tons, 
tons sold. 



Wild hay cut^. 



acres . 

tons, 
tons sold. 

Grass silage made from grasses, alfalfa, clover, or 

small grains acres . 

tons, green weight. 

Other hay cut acres . 

tons, 
tons sold . 

Nursery products sold dollars . 

Cut flowers, potted plants, florist greens, and beddi n g 

plants sold dollars . 

Vegetables grown under glass, flower seeds, vegetable seeds, 

vegetable plants, bulbs, and mushrooms sold dollars. 

Farms reporting by acres of com harvested for all purposes: 

Under 11 acres farms reporting. 

11 to 24 acres farms reporting. 

25 to 49 acres farms reporting . 

50 to 74 acres farms reporting. 

75 to 99 acres farms reporting . 

100 acres and over farms reporting. 

Farms reporting by acres of wheat threshed or combined: 

Under 10 acres farms reporting. 

10 to 24 acres farms reporting. 

25 to 49 acres farms reporting. 

50 to 99 acres farms reporting. 

100 to 199 acres farms reporting. 

200 to 299 acres farms reporting. 

300 to 499 acres farms reporting. 

500 to 999 acres farms reporting . 

1,000 acres and over farms reporting. 

Farms reporting by acres of soybeans 
harvested for all purposes • 

Under 25 acres farms reporting. 

25 to 49 acres farms reporting. 

50 to 99 acres farms reporting. 

100 acres and over farms reporting. 



All 

ccunerclal 

fains 



2,169 
24,099 
22,081 



126,361 

250,816 

25,783 



127,495 

124,675 

7,468 

49,901 

48,904 

1,045 



54,074 

68,445 

1,545 

4,613 

3,471 

210 



5,351 
23,390 

23,760 

18,361 

515 

390,375 

1,473,575 

36,605 



3,373 
6,597 
8,195 

3,359 
1,180 
1,024 



1,550 
7,185 
5,071 

1,890 
296 

25 



6,193 

4,258 

2,771 

749 



Economic class 



841 
9,825 
9,345 



26,072 

48,505 

9,243 



36,638 
33,660 
3,963 

7,820 

7,430 

550 



8,242 

9,662 

335 

335 
250 



906 
4,230 

5,179 

4,842 

220 



495 
1,387 
2,651 

1,403 

557 
501 



235 
2,237 
2,106 

1,245 
254 
25 



1,733 

1,995 

1,870 

608 



339 
722 
232 



280 
346 

51 



50 
100 

444 
422 
20 



120 
1,920 
1,935 



4,386 
8,488 
2,561 

5,31S 
4,453 
1,207 

905 

770 

35 



775 

962 

50 

40 
15 



206 

1,100 

775 
860 
30 



15 
30 
140 

191 

141 

171 



5 
16 
114 

302 
177 
23 



26 

76 

268 

291 



350 
4,255 
4,840 



9,232 
18,289 
3,210 



14,535 
13,665 
1,690 

2,490 

2,660 

235 



3,115 

4,040 

135 

25 
20 



485 
1,885 

1,395 

1,310 

90 



30 
165 
771 

555 
230 
243 



15 
275 

842 



246 
521 
886 
225 



290 
2,975 
2,145 



7,610 

13,571 

2,320 



11,685 

11,036 

930 



2,241 

2,509 

10 

155 
155 



165 
1,145 

950 

935 

40 



140 
390 
910 

452 

141 
51 



40 
820 
830 

202 
5 



531 
796 
511 
66 



75 
600 
355 



3,800 

6,520 

915 



3,700 
3,390 



1,755 

1,400 

100 



1,426 

1,366 

130 



875 
860 
25 



150 
560 
680 

187 
35 



85 
875 
290 



680 
527 
180 
15 



5 
35 

10 



705 

915 

5 



1,120 

770 

5 



945 
800 
80 



675 
760 



90 
35 



740 

405 

15 



160 
241 

150 

15 

10 

5 



90 
251 
25 



245 
75 

20 



Data relate only to that part of the subregion located in Missouri. 



104 SIZE OF OPERATION BY TYPE OF FARM 

Table 2.-SUBREGI0N 75 .-FARMS AND FARM CHARACTERISTICS FOR CASH-GRAIN FARMS, BY ECONOMIC CLASS: 

CENSUS OF 1954 

[Data are based on reports for only a sample of farms. See text] 



(For definitions and explanations, see text) 



All 

commercial 
farms 



Economic class 



FiUUS, ACREAGE, AND VALUE 

Faras number. 

Percent distribution percent. 

Laod in f arBS acres . 

Percent distribution percent. 

Average size of farm acres . 

Value of land and buildinga: 

Average per farm dollars . 

Average per acre dollars . 

Land in faras according to uae: 

Cropland harvested farms reporting. 

acres . 

Percent distribution percent. 

Cropland used only for pasture farms reporting. 

acres . 

Cropland not harvested and not pastured farms reporting. 

acres. 
Cropland used only for crops 

not harvested and not pastured farms reporting . 

acres . 

Cropland lying idle farms reporting. 

acres. 

Woodland pastured farms reporting, 

acres. 
Woodland not pastured farms reporting. 

acres. 
Other pasture (not cropland 
and not woodland ) farms reporting. 

acres . 
Improved (see text).v farms reporting. 

acres. 
Other land (house lots, roads, 
wasteland, etc.) farms reporting. 

acres. 
Cropland, total farms reporting. 

acres. 
Land pastured, total farms reporting. 

acres. 
Woodland, total farms reporting. 

acres. 
Irrigated land in farms farms reporting. 

acres. 

USE OF CamSRCUL FERTILIZER 

Crops on vhich coanercial fertilizer was used, 1954: 

Hay and cropland pasture farms reporting. 

tons, 
acres on which used. 

Other pasture farms reporting. 

tons, 
acres on which used. 

Corn farms reporting. 

tons. 

acres on which used. 

Cotton farms reporting . 

tons. 
acres on which used. 

Fruits, vegetables, and potatoes farms reporting. 

tons, 
acres on which used. 

Other crops farms reporting . 

tons, 
acres on which used. 

RESIDENCE OF FARM OPERATOR 

Residing on farm operated operators reporting. 

Not residing on farm operated operators reporting. 

Operators not reporting residence number. 

FAEIB BY SIZE 

Under 10 acres number. 

10 to 29 acres number . 

30 to ^9 acres number. 

50 to 69 acres number . 

70 to 99 acres number. 

100 to 139 acres number. 

l-iO to 179 acres number . 

180 to 219 acres number . 

220 to 259 acres number . 

260 to 499 acres number. 

500 to 999 acres number. 

1, 000 acres and over number . 

FARM OPERATORS BY COLOR AND TENURE 

\11 fara operators: 

Owners, part owners, and managers number. 

All tenants number. 

Croppers nujBber . 

All vfaite operators: 

Owners, part owners, and managers number. 

All tenants number . 

Croppers numbers 

All nonwbite operators: 

Owners, part owners, and managers number. 

All tenants number . 

Croppers number . 



23,656 

XXX 

3,624,519 

XXX 

153.2 

L4,646 
103.63 

23,362 
2,067,907 

XXX 

8,133 
250,902 

5,887 
221,533 

3,533 

75,472 

3,232 

146,061 

6,398 
345,185 

5,814 
460,190 

3,784 

151,746 

1,230 

41,550 

17,290 
127,056 

23,519 
2,540,342 

12,604 
747,833 

10,413 

805,375 

4,016 

610,020 



635 

2,943 

29,572 

289 

873 

9,151 

5,027 
9,711 
83,949 
17,790 
67,779 
539,275 

376 

583 

3,9U 

2,413 

29,152 

337,860 



21,170 

1,727 

759 



930 
4,430 
3,240 
1,885 
3,520 
2,715 

1,900 
990 
825 

1,900 
936 
385 



10,319 
13,337 

5,565 



9,462 

10,082 

3,160 



857 
3,255 

2,405 



3,077 

100.0 

1,304,763 
100.0 
424.0 

36,989 
92.36 

3,077 
797,845 

100.0 

1,051 
74,895 

1,275 
121,808 

514 
23,354 

989 
98,454 

718 

72,218 

1,208 

171,393 

455 

27,689 

122 

6,465 

2,486 
38,915 

3,077 
994, 548 

1,620 
174,802 

1,704 
243,611 

2,670 
539,375 



U6 
815 

9,574 
29 
126 

1,090 

312 
761 

7,347 
830 

3,412 
26,811 

11 

7 

27 

1,468 

25,413 

298,953 



2,463 

504 
110 



20 
35 
100 
100 
140 
245 

320 
220 
230 
830 
601 
236 



1,870 

1,207 

231 



1,849 
1,192 

231 



912 
29.6 

745,643 

57.1 

817.6 

73,764 
93.77 

912 

457, 524 

57.3 

358 

44,295 

475 

76,229 

152 

14,208 

413 

62,021 

179 
28,542 

452 
99,082 

145 

17,507 

39 

3,685 

798 

22,464 

912 

578,048 

507 

90,344 

570 

127,624 
901 

334,296 



85 

625 

7,806 

12 

76 
790 

85 

288 

2,705 

236 

1,876 

14,901 



583 

16,159 

192,483 



718 
176 

18 



10 

15 

15 

230 

431 

211 



587 
325 

26 

586 

320 

26 



1,112 
36.2 

372,927 

28.6 

335.4 

29,651 
93.23 

1,112 

235,065 

29.5 

341 

20,568 

495 

35,573 

185 

5,621 

402 

29,952 

239 
19,458 

374 
44, 2U 

142 

7,547 

52 

2,425 

860 

10,502 

1,112 

291,206 

527 

47,573 

541 

63,672 

1,093 

158,399 



41 
168 
1,508 
6 
42 
220 

61 
179 

1,987 
224 
776 

6,420 



12 

6U 

7,764 

87,090 



861 

206 

45 



10 
75 

135 
140 
UO 
455 
135 



636 
476 
100 



631 
471 
100 



436 

14.2 

104,554 

8.0 

239.8 

21,573 
103.82 

436 
61,406 

7.7 

152 
3,932 

154 
6,346 

76 
1,935 

99 
4,4U 

114 
12,497 

186 
16,251 

52 
945 

15 
140 

346 
3,177 

436 
71,684 

224 
17,374 

261 
28,748 

370 
32,290 



76 
109 

1,085 
165 
434 

3,200 



150 

1,090 

14,480 



367 
52 

17 



10 
25 
40 
50 

115 
25 
50 
95 
20 
6 



280 
156 
40 

280 
156 

40 



312 

10.1 

49,354 

3.8 

158.2 

10,943 
64.87 

312 

28,230 

3.5 

95 

4,055 

81 

2,075 

46 

785 

55 

1,290 

81 

6,986 

101 

5,816 

51 

605 

6 

75 

237 
1,587 

312 
34,360 

172 
11,646 

162 
12,802 

206 
U,635 



10 
6 
100 
6 
4 

70 

50 

83 

590 

120 

245 

1,665 



81 

324 

3,980 



257 
35 
20 



187 
125 
30 



182 
120 

30 



170 
5.5 

22,105 

1.7 

130.0 

8,796 
70.10 

170 

11,860 

1.5 

65 

1,035 

40 

1,010 

30 
380 

15 
530 

65 
3,445 

55 
3,460 

30 

570 

5 

40 

135 

725 

170 

13,905 

120 

5,050 

95 

6,905 

60 

2,395 



5 
12 

135 



30 

62 

605 

60 

58 

450 



30 
68 
670 



135 

30 

5 



CASH-GRAIN FARMS 



105 



Table2.-SUBREGI0N 75.-FARMS AND FARM CHARACTERISTICS FOR CASH-GRAIN FARMS, BY ECONOMIC CLASS: 

CENSUS OF 1954-CbnUnued 

[Data are based on reports for only a sangjle of farms. See text] 



(For definitions and explanations, see text) 



All 

commercial 
farms 



Economic class 



FARM OPERATORS BY AQE 

Under 2i years operators reporting. 

25 to 34 years operators reporting. 

35 to ^ years operators reporting. 

'V^ to M years operators reporting. 

55 to 6A years operators reporting. 

65 years and over operators reporting. 

OFF-FARM WORK AND OTHER INCOME 

Fmrm operator*.— 

With other income of famii^ exceeding value of farm 

products sold pperators reporting. 

Working off their farms, by days 

worked, total operators reporting. 

None operators reporting. 

1 to 99 days operators reporting. 

100 to 199 days operators reporting . 

200 days or more operators reporting . 

FARMS BY CLASS OF WORK POWER 

No tractor, horses, or mules farms reporting. 

No tractor and only 1 horse or mule farms reporting. 

No tractor and 2 or more horses and/or mules farms reporting. 

Tractor and horses and/or mules farms reporting. 

Tractor and no horses or mules farms reporting. 

SPECIFIED FACIUIIES AND EQinPMENT 

Telephone farms reporting. 

Electricity farms reporting. 

Television set farms reporting. 

Piped running water farms reporting . 

Home freezer farms reporting . 

Electric pig brooder farms reporting. 

Power feed grinder farms reporting. 

Milking machine farms reporting. 

Grain combines farms reporting. 

number . 
Com pickers farms reporting. 

number. 
Pick-up hay balers farms reporting . 

number . 
Field forage harvesters farms reporting. 

number . 
Motortrucks farms reporting. 

number . 
Tractors farms reporting. 

number. 
Wheel tractors other than garden farms reporting. 

number . 
Garden tractors farms reporting. 

number . 
Crawler tractors farms reporting. 

number . 
AutOHCbiles farms reporting . 

number . 

FARM LABOR 

Week of Oct. 24-30: 

Family and/or hired workers farms reporting. 

persons . 

Family workers, including operator farms reporting. 

Operators working 1 hour or more persons . 

1 to M hours persons . 

15 hours or more persons . 

Unpaid members of operator's family farms reporting. 

persons . 

Hired workers farms reporting. 

persons . 
Regular workers (to be employed 

150 days or more) farms reporting. 

persons . 
Seasonal workers (to be employed 

less than 150 days) farms reporting. 

persons . 

SPECIFIED FARM EXPENDITURES 

Specified farm expenditures^ farms reporting. 

Machine hire and/or hired labor farms reporting. 

Machine hire farms reporting. 

dollars . 

Hired labor farms reporting. 

dollars . 

tl to $499 farms reporting. 

$500 to $999 farms reporting. 

$1,000 to $2,499 farms reporting. 

$2,500 to $4,999 farms reporting. 

$5,000 and over farms reporting. 

Feed for livestock and poultry farms reporting. 

dollars. 

Gasoline and other petroleum fuel and oil farms reporting. 

dollars. 
Commercial fertilizer and 

fertilizing material farms reporting. 

dollars . 

tons. 

acres on which used. 

Lime and liming material farms reporting. 

dollars . 

tons. 

acres on which used. 



748 
3,917 
6,416 
6,147 
3,648 
2,113 



1,259 

7,031 
16,599 

5,1/49 
928 
954 



5,638 

345 

1,335 

4,582 

11,256 



2,843 

22,190 

8,175 

8,809 

5,572 

121 

1,166 

461 

5,290 

6,398 

440 

465 

770 

80O 

256 

273 

13,491 

17,130 

15,939 

28,042 

15,826 

27,306 

389 

414 

285 

322 

9,574 

11,944 



22,021 
95,919 
21,556 
21,252 

2,246 
19,006 
10,161 
20,126 

7,336 
54,541 

2,039 
4,690 

6,229 
49,851 



23,405 

20,006 

13,713 

5,607,032 

16,552 

19,421,573 

8,680 

2,707 

3,238 

1,152 

775 

13,519 

5,006,099 

17,353 

10,815,812 

19,739 

7,523,067 

111,834 

1,007,945 

658 

125,131 

31,096 

19,371 



97 
637 
813 
810 
434 
175 



104 

522 

2,555 

336 

74 

112 



312 

5 

55 

770 

1,935 



1,101 

2,999 

1,610 

2,015 

1,526 

17 

364 

34 

2,088 

2,878 

43 

45 

251 

261 

38 

38 

2,579 

4,808 

2,710 

8,040 

2,694 

7,603 

191 

201 

210 

236 

1,945 

2,867 



2,882 
9,909 
2,774 
2,730 

259 
2,471 

795 
1,231 
1,637 
5,948 

1,076 
2,064 

952 
3,884 



3,072 

2,691 

1,441 

1,512,816 

2,473 

4,836,001 

692 

373 

754 

418 

236 

1,578 

679,252 

2,868 

5,121,765 

2,063 

2,314,960 

30,814 

344,171 

62 

15,540 

3,658 

2,452 



12 
185 
334 
192 
134 

26 



87 
826 

57 
14 
16 



277 
603 



554 
900 
652 
792 
628 
12 
165 



826 

1,345 

22 

24 

127 

132 

23 

23 

884 

2,223 

880 

3,878 

879 

3,633 

76 

81 

140 

164 

766 

1,382 



884 

4,675 

812 

798 

SO 

718 

227 

416 

750 

3,461 

644 
1,475 

352 
1,986 



912 

861 

455 

694,706 

845 

3,307,001 

31 

41 

237 

322 

214 

488 

311,927 

874 

2,902,571 

705 

1,424,320 

19,163 

218,486 

22 

U,570 

2,758 

1,802 



40 
272 
232 
317 
158 

48 



174 
937 
108 
30 
36 



238 

774 



329 
1,081 
529 
772 
559 

M5 
16 

855 

1,044 

5 



967 

1,680 

1,012 

2,749 

1,007 

2,624 

85 

35 

39 

40 

683 

900 



1,055 

2,890 

1,040 

1,020 

73 

947 

312 

437 

582 

1,433 

324 
438 

377 
995 



1,112 

1,002 

503 

557,735 

962 

1,192,875 

255 

197 

399 

90 

21 

533 

258,360 

1,032 

1,601,064 

762 

704,309 

9,028 

97,697 

20 

1,865 

460 

390 



20 
60 
122 
146 
46 
25 



75 

361 

65 

5 



10 
119 
257 



118 
431 
222 
209 
162 

5 
23 

5 

245 
312 
6 
6 
42 
42 



336 

486 

376 

775 

376 

738 

20 

20 

16 

17 

224 

312 



401 
1,285 
385 
385 
46 
339 
116 
203 
193 
697 



141 
611 



436 

411 

223 

187,155 

364 

234,190 

181 

90 

86 

6 

1 

196 

44,445 

405 

434,445 

280 

U6,105 

1,662 

18,943 



106 

206 

61 

15 

30 



20 
66 

161 



60 
297 
107 
157 
102 



97 
102 



5 

5 

207 

224 

232 

363 

227 

343 

10 

15 

5 

5 

137 

138 



267 
629 
267 
262 

30 
232 

90 
120 

62 
247 

25 
35 

52 
212 



312 
232 

140 
54,125 
192 
71,265 
140 
30 
22 



156 

44,390 

262 

120,925 

186 

43,851 

669 

6,305 

5 

1,125 

250 

125 



15 
35 
110 



25 
160 
65 
50 
45 



10 
10 
120 
130 
145 
200 
UO 
190 



150 
230 
145 
140 
10 
130 
30 
30 
35 
60 

15 
25 

20 
35 



170 

105 

60 

11,240 

65 

23,395 

45 

10 

10 



12,625 

160 

43,450 

85 

20,075 

209 

1,865 



615 
120 
100 



Excludes farms reporting oxpenditures for commercial fertilizer and lime. 



106 



SIZE OF OPERATION BY TYPE OF FARM 



Table2.-SUBREGI0N 75 -FARMS AND FARM CHARACTERISTICS FOR CASH-GRAIN FARMS, BY ECONOMIC CLASS: 

CENSUS OF 1954-Conlinued 

[Data are baaed on reporta for nnly a saq>le of fama. See text] 



(For deflnltlonB apd explauationa, aee text) 



AU. 

coomerclal 

faiiDS 



Econcnlc clasa 



SSTBttTED VAUre OF FARM PRODDCTS SOU) (aee text) 

All farm products sold dollara. 

All crops sold dollars . 

Field crops, other than vegetables 
and fruits and nuts, sold dollara. 

Vegetables sold dollars . 

Fruits and nuts aold dollars. 

Horticultural specialties sol4 dollars . 

All llveatock and livestock products sold dollars. 

Dairy products sold dollars. 

Poultry and poultry products sold dollara . 

Livestock and livestock products, other 

than dairy and poultry, sold dollars . 

Forest products sold dollars. 

LIVESTOCK AND LIVESTOCK PRODOCIS 
Liveatoek om haaJ: 

Horses and mules farms reporting. 

number. 

All cattle and calves farms reporting. 

number. 
Cora, including heifera that 

have calved farms reporting. 

number. 

Uilk cows farms reporting. 

number. 

All hogs and pigs farms reporting. 

number. 

Bom before June 1 number. 

Chickens ^ months old and over.. . .farms reporting. 

number. 

Sheep, total farms reporting.. 

number . 
Number 1 year and over: 

Ewes number . , 

Rams and wethers number . . 

Livestock and livestock products sold; 

Cattle and calves sold alive farms reporting.. 

number . . 
dollars . . 

Hogs and pigs sold alive farms reporting . . 

number . . 
dollars . . 

Chickens sold farms reporting . . 

dollara . . 

Chicken eggs sold farms reporting . . 

dozens . ■ 
dollars . . 

Milk sold^ pounds . . 

dollars . . 

Sheep sold farms reporting . . 

number . . 
dollars . . 

SPECIFIED CROPS HARVESTED 

Com for all purposes farms reporting . . 

acres. . 

Corn harvested for grain farms reporting.. 

acres . . 

bushels harvested . . 

bushels sold . . 

Sorghum harvested for grain 

or for seed farms reporting . . 

acres . . 

bushels harvested . . 

bushels sold . ■ 

Oats threshed or combined farms reporting . . 

acres . • 

bushels harvested . . 

bushelj sold . . 

Rice threahed of combined farms reporting . . 

acres . . 

bushels harvested.. 

bushels sold . . 

Soybeans harvested for 

all purposes farms reporting . . 

acres grown alone . . 
acres grown with other crops . . 

Soybeans harvested for beans farms reporting . . 

acres grown alone . . 

acres grown with other crops . . 

bushels harvested . . 

Soybeans Gut for hay farms reporting.. 

acres grown alone . . 

acres grown with other crops.. 

tons harvested . . 



168,043,140 
158,537,741 

157,575,424 

242,471 

689,846 

30,000 

9,333,148 

2,001,134 

1,633,696 

5,698,318 
172,251 



6,762 

14,953 

13,983 

182,192 

13,639 
95,528 
10,812 
32,559 
10,167 
90,413 
42,105 
18,582 
723,083 

82 
3,715 

1,697 
1,411 



7,261 

64,436 

3,781,217 

4,819 

59,101 

1,832,942 

1,969 
1,008,878 

4,341 

1,229,486 

510, 04« 

49,963,705 
2,001,134 

72 

3,334 

39,685 



13,045 
208,715 

10,841 

169,415 

1,876,612 

463,913 



481 
4,825 
66,876 
35,370 

3,159 

129,339 

6,449,723 

4,835,102 

2,764 

483,780 

29,518,923 

29,156,341 



11,112 
526,056 
44,656 

9,635 

488,173 

35,555 

5,500,054 

1,672 

18,005 

295 

11,055 



68,032,657 
66,721,697 

66,709,704 
9,525 
2,468 

1,285,754 
66,220 
107,962 

1,111,572 
25,206 



830 

2,164 

1,765 

46,362 

1,738 

24,562 

965 

2,486 

824- 

7,965 

3,802 

2,058 

102,499 

13 
737 

474 
63 



1,087 

16,244 

965,315 

305 

4,367 

132,941 

212 
U,733 

597 

207,595 

84,524 

1,625,230 
66,220 

18 

754 

7,971 



690 
14,092 

566 

11,069 

197,130 

107,145 



106 

1,804 

21,310 

9,390 

1,200 

89,951 

4,934,796 

4,171,527 

2,553 

462,408 
28,406,721 
28,080,399 



1,692 

162,244 

730 

1,649 

156,962 

635 

2,063,139 

90 

1,285 

10 

772 



43,767,201 
43,161,396 



43,159,246 
2,150 



594,629 

12,460 
30,097 

552,072 
11,176 



277 

833 

558 

23,712 

551 

12,771 

245 

600 

244 

3,U7 

1,431 

524 

26,780 



379 
58 



392 

7,857 

501,245 

91 

1,494 

41,876 

44 
2,397 

128 
52,860 
26,135 

338,410 
12,460 

13 

664 

6,596 



175 
5,598 

137 
4,090 
81,760 
53,915 



39 

650 

8,910 

1,150 

463 

53,102 

2,954,606 

2,530,337 

899 

283,389 

18,749,806 

18,503,859 



578 

78,745 

60 

570 

77,193 

50 

1,140,309 

20 
360 

10 
237 



19,196,084 
18,690,636 

18,687,385 
2,000 
1,251 

498,568 
46,480 
47,620 

404,468 
6,880 



243 

657 

585 

16,005 

575 

8,187 

283 

783 

241 

1,855 

837 

758 

42,700 



435 

6,220 

354,215 

76 
1,137 



102 
5,046 

288 
84,620 
32,789 

1,045,595 
46,480 



166 
2,472 

UO 

1,837 

19,590 

5,990 



37 

784 

8,930 

5,740 

442 

27,384 

1,529,315 

1,307,015 

1,078 

143,414 

8,137,690 

8,072,195 



575 
42,899 



545 
41,469 



3,552,464 
3,435,649 

3,429,978 

5,000 

671 

111,165 

5,640 

16,520 

89,005 
5,650 



129 

297 

271 

3,698 

261 

1,842 

176 

501 

148 

1,680 

908 

325 

14,694 



109 
1,161 
66,890 

57 

890 

21,520 

31 
2,305 

81 
28,105 
14,035 

165,785 
5,640 



169 
3,022 

U9 

2,762 

38,910 

8,775 



30 
525 



10 

20 

220 



144 

5,085 

281,700 

202,550 

330 

26,140 

1,208,875 

1,195,125 



223 

19,895 

430 

223 

19,805 

430 

238,310 

10 
90 



1,094^383 
1,032,351 

1,032,301 

50 

61, 532 
1,040 
11,040 

49,452 
500 



86 

187 

181 

2,012 

181 
1,207 
111 
237 
101 
708 
256 
231 
10,740 

5 

100 

95 
5 



801 
34,945 

46 

506 

12,737 

25 
1,755 

50 

24,735 

9,110 

47,840 
1,040 



90 
1,375 



85 
1,250 

70 

1,020 

30,595 

22,665 



15 

325 

2,250 

1,500 

81 

2,820 

106,725 

79,425 

151 

6,805 

245,275 

244, U5 



156 
12,155 

90 

151 

11,395 

90 

125,595 

20 

135 



319,993 
305,533 

305,533 

13,460 

1,935 

11,525 
1,000 



U5 
105 
640 

105 

345 

90 

220 

55 

490 

335 

115 

4,215 



30 
120 

4,670 

25 

280 

6,505 

10 
230 

25 
4,970 
1,705 



55 
1,105 

40 

790 

15,450 

8,800 



40 

1,005 

44,000 

41,400 

55 

2,300 

47,865 

47,865 



100 

7,165 

100 

100 

5,790 

15 

55,270 

5 
125 



^Includes milk equivalent of cream and butterfat sold. 



CASH-GRAIN FARMS 



107 



Table 2.-SUBREGI0N 75 -FARMS AND FARM CHARACTERISTICS FOR CASH-GRAIN FARMS. BY ECONOMIC CLASS: 

CENSUS OF 1954-Continued 

IDbta are based on reports for only a san^ile of fauna. See text] 



(For deflnitioos and explanatlans, see text) 



All 

camerolal 

faisis 



Econcmlc class 



SPECIFIED CROPS HARVESTED— Continued 

Lespedeza seed harvested farms reporting . 

acres . 
pounds harvested. 

Cotton harvested farms reporting . 

acres • 
bales harvested . 

Alfalfa and alfalfa mlxturea cut for hay 

(and for dehydrating) acres . 

tons, 
tons sold. 

Clover, timothy, and mixtures of clover 
and grasses cut for hay acres . 

tons . 
tons sold. 

Lespedeza cut for hay acres . 

tons. 
tons sold. 

Oats, wheat, barley, rye, or otner 
small grains cut for nay .acres . 

tons. 
tons sold. 

Wild hay cut acres . 

tons. 
tons sold. 

Other hay cut acres . 

tons. 
tons sold. 

Nursery products sold dollars . 

Cut flowers, potted plants, florist greens, 
and bedding plants sold dollars . 

Vegetables grown under glass, flower seeds, 
vegetable seeds, vegetable plants, bulbs, 
and mushrooms e61d_. dollars ■ 

Farms reporting by acres of corn harvested 
for all purposes: 

Under 11 acres farms reporting . 

11 to 24 acres farms reporting . 

25 to 49 acres farms reporting . 

50 to 74 acres farms reporting . 

75 to 99 acres farms reporting . 

100 acres and over farms reporting . 

Farms reporting by acres of sorghums harvested 
for all purposes: 

Under 11 acres......... farms reporting. 

11 to 24 acres farms reporting . 

25 to 49 acres farms reporting . 

■ 50 to 74 acres farms reporting . 

75 to 99 acres . .farms reporting . 

100 acres and over farms reporting . 

Farms reporting by acres of soybeans ^rown alone) 
harvested for all purposes: 

Under 25 acres farms reporting ■ 

25 to 49 acres farms reporting . 

50 to 99 acres farms reporting. 

100 acres and over farms reporting . 



627 

25,590 

6,970,205 


480 

23,442 

6,327,730 


20,515 
582,585 
426,673 


1,039 
26,875 
17,315 


1,364 

2,612 

110 


181 
139 
25 


1,545 
1,412 

135 


270 
240 


46,653 
37,523 
4,275 


17,136 
16,721 
3,264 


7,746 

8,582 

171 


1,574 
1,569 

10 


4,815 

3,372 

460 


2,215 

1,447 
415 


7,368 

6,575 

635 


1,235 

1,5U 

330 



30,000 



6,711 
3,994 
1,782 

355 
98 

105 



1,700 
361 

104 



26 

8 

19 



4,182 
2,640 

2,091 
1,339 



382 
153 
99 

19 
18 
19 



238 
306 

558 
590 



247 

16,392 

5,045,230 

284 
14,901 
10, 540 



106 
69 



190 

210 



8,771 
9,886 
1,989 



809 
994 

10 

1,025 
682 
120 

585 

620 

50 



22 
21 
17 

4 
2 
1 



68 
39 

151 
320 



183 

6,430 

1,209,250 

293 
6,466 
3,794 



6,020 

5,175 

740 



615 
500 



580 
395 
150 

130 
101 



111 
21 
25 



75 

156 

196 

148 



30 

480 

66,000 

192 
3,223 

1,896 



1,225 

1,025 

350 



150 
75 



460 
335 
145 

450 
670 
250 



15 

115 

6,500 

155 

1,660 

835 



875 
460 
185 



5 
25 
750 

75 
450 
190 



125 
125 



30 
105 
30 



40 
175 
60 



25 

40 
25 



120 
50 



150 
35 



20 
10 
10 



35 
20 



108 SIZE OF OPERATION BY TYPE OF FARM 

Table2._SUBREGI0N 76.-FARMS AND FARM CHARACTERISTICS FOR CASH-GRAIN FARMS, BY ECONOMIC CLASS: 

CENSUS OF 1954 

[Data are based on reports for only a san^le of farms. See text] 



Item 
(For definitions and explanations, see text) 



All 

commercial 
farms 



Zconcmic class 



TooE, ncBEtsE, am value 

Paras number . . 

Percent distribution percent. . 

Laml in fans acres. . 

Percent distribution percent. . 

Average size of farm acres.. 

Value of land and buildiags: 

Average per farm dollars.. 

Average per acre dollars . . 

Land in faras aecordiag to use: 

Cropland harvested farms reporting.. 

acres . . 

Percent distribution percent. . 

Cropland used only for pasture farms reporting.. 

acres . . 

Cropland not harvested and not pastured farms reporting.. 

acres. . 
Cropland used only for crops not harvested 

and not pastured farms reporting . . 

acres. . 

Cropland lying idle farms reporting . . 

acres.. 

Woodland pastured farms reporting. . 

acres. . 
Woodland not pastured farms reporting. . 

acres. . 
Other pasture (not cropland 
and not woodland) farms reporting.. 

acres . . 
Iii5)roved (see text) farms reporting.. 

acres . . 
Other land (house lots, roads, 
wasteland, etc.) farms reporting.. 

acres. . 
Cropland, total farms reporting. . 

acres . . 
land pastured, total farms reporting . . 

acres . . 
Woodland, total farms reporting.. 

acres. . 
Irrigated land in farms farms reporting. . 

acres. . 

USE OF COMffiRCIAL FERTILIZER 

Crops on which coaaercial fertilizer was used, 1954; 

Hay and cropland pasture farms reporting.. 

tons., 
acres on which used.. 

Other pasture farms reporting.. 

tons. . 
acres on which used.. 

Com farms reporting. . 

tons. . 
acres on which used.. 

Cotton farms reporting. . 

tons. . 
acres on which used.. 

Fruits, vegetables, and potatoes farms reporting.. 

tons. . 
acres on which used . . 

Other crops farms reporting . . 

tons. . 
acres on which used . . 

RESIDENCE OF FARM OPERATOR 

Residing on farm operated operators reporting. . 

Not residing on farm operated., operators reporting.. 

Operators not reporting residence number. . 

FAME BY SIZE 

Under 10 acres number. . 

10 to 29 acres number . . 

30 to ^9 acres number . . 

50 to 69 acres number . . 

70 to 99 acres number . . 

100 to 139 acres number . . 

140 to 179 acres number.. 

180 to 219 acres number.. 

220 to 259 acres number.. 

260 to -199 acres number . . 

500 to 999 acres number . . 

1,000 acres and over number. . 

FARM OPERATORS BY COLOR AND TENURE 

All fara operators: 

Owners, part owners, and managers number . . 

All tenants number. . 

Croppers number . . 

All white operatara: 

Owners, part owners, and managers. number. , 

All tenants number. . 

Croppers number . . 

All nonwhite operators: 

Owners, part owners, and managers number. . 

All tenants number . , 

Croppers number . . 



122,321 
XXX 

11,703,363 

XXX 

95.7 

10,111 
132. M 

I20,77lt 
6,437,500 

XXX 

23,736 

1,003,957 

13,751 

333,077 

8,285 

152,519 

7,079 

180,558 

16, 170 
1,283,492 

15,678 
l,lHl,ll82 

l6,581i 

758,5119 

3,1.56 

205,175 

61i,597 

475,306 

121,512 

7,774, 534 

41,967 

3,045,998 

27,428 

2,694,974 

4,125 

440,005 



3,173 

19,455 

195,154 

1,241 

6,208 

86,161 

37,876 
63,296 

588,616 
99,862 

295,856 
2,386,043 

6,916 
10,241 

53,922 
8,325 

50,089 
581,726 



112,186 
5,682 
4,453 



16,567 
51,041 
17,445 
7,223 
8,441 
5,7U 

3,634 
2,264 

1,608 
4,153 

2,489 
1,745 



35,519 
86,802 

57,044 



27,201 
26,647 
10,649 



8,318 
60,155 
46,395 



3,822 
100.0 

1,423,088 
100.0 

372.3 

40, 176 

119.97 
3,822 

847,970 

100.0 

1,536 

100,987 

759 

59,077 

406 
18,619 

433 
40,458 

827 

85,566 

1,139 

225,385 



47,294 

198 

13,549 

3,151 
56,809 

3,822 
1,008,034 

2,348 
233,847 

1,757 
310,951 

1,458 
291,036 



217 
1,758 

14,019 

88 

502 

7,817 

1,404 
7,378 

69,499 
1,406 
6,374 

47,389 

128 

240 

1,429 

1,791 

18,535 

225,574 



3,163 
517 
142 



5 
80 

290 

245 
360 

420 

370 
276 
246 

783 
476 

271 



2,454 

1,368 

239 



2,381 

1,257 

219 



685 

17.9 

633,512 

44.5 
924.8 

108,635 
120.10 

685 

379,300 

44.7 

278 

45,168 

199 

30,635 



6,846 

130 

23,789 

147 

33,944 

250 

104,553 

115 

18,829 

36 

5,476 

549 
21,083 

685 
455,103 

384 
97,941 

350 
138,497 

535 
197,953 



50 

830 

6,106 

19 

126 

2,349 

171 

2,314 

17,223 

274 

3,816 

26,308 

15 

66 

603 

467 

10,260 

126,864 



535 
115 
35 



10 
32 
35 
185 
237 
181 



470 

215 

33 



464 

214 

33 



853 

22.3 

396,233 

27.8 

464.5 

53,600 
117.68 

853 

236,197 

27.9 

317 

27,956 

141 

11,263 

83 
4,696 

83 
6,567 

169 
22,958 

267 
64,563 

203 

17,683 

71 

4,158 

698 
15,613 

853 
275,416 

500 
68,597 

390 
87,521 

390 
65,658 



457 

4,563 

33 

182 
2,908 

325 

2,160 

21,903 

362 

1,254 
11,374 

18 

10 

61 

457 

4,821 

58,980 



73 
111 



704 

112 

37 



5 
25 
105 
73 
86 
342 
150 
67 



473 
380 
35 



466 

375 

35 



691 
18.1 

163,459 

11.5 

236.6 

28,239 
139.02 

691 

103,218 

12.2 

291 

9,413 

134 

6,998 



1,623 

74 

5.375 

127 
10,341 

170 
19,589 

131 

5,510 

29 

2,100 

571 
8,390 

691 
119,629 

452 
25,264 

254 
29,930 

232 
18,655 



26 
218 
830 

20 

130 

1,560 

266 
1,098 

12,181 

302 

690 

5,158 

45 

36 

360 

297 

1,635 

20,445 



593 
68 
30 



30 
45 
95 
115 

105 
86 
45 

111 
46 
13 



369 
322 
50 

369 
297 
50 



748 
19.6 

132,809 

9.3 

177.6 

19,393 
120.79 

748 
77,242 

9.1 

359 
13,198 

121 
5,304 

54 

2,209 

73 

3,095 

190 

9,423 

192 

18,065 

121 

1,985 

35 

760 

648 
7,592 

748 
95,744 

522 
24,606 

348 
27,488 

206 
6,915 



26 
138 
1,475 
5 
10 
325 

330 

1,124 

11,649 

322 

441 
3,491 

35 

25 

95 

289 

975 

U,555 



652 
71 
25 



5 

85 

65 

125 

170 

50 
65 
55 
85 
36 
7 



537 
211 

56 



522 
186 
51 



583 
15.3 

75,425 

5.3 

129.4 

13,132 

97.55 

583 
42,461 

5.0 

201 
3,602 

103 
3,582 

71 
2,330 

48 
1,252 

138 

5,023 

173 

15,120 



2,687 

16 

860 

473 

2,950 

583 

49,645 

338 

11,312 

288 

20,143 

80 

1,390 



31 
67 

855 
11 
54 

675 

232 
528 

5,348 
126 
148 
963 

15 
103 
310 

221 

694 

6,580 



482 

96 

5 



35 
105 
95 
85 
85 
70 
20 
25 
55 
6 



413 
170 
35 



383 
145 
30 



CASH-GRAIN FARMS 



109 



Table2.-SUBREGI0N 76— FARMS AND FARM CHARACTERISTICS FOR CASH-GRAIN FARMS, BY ECONOMIC CLASS: 

CENSUS OF 1954-Conlinued 

[Data are based on reports for only a sanple of farms. See text] 



(For deftnitions and explanations, see text) 



All 

immerclal 

farms 



Economic class 



FABM OPERATORS BY AGE 

Under 23 years operators reporting . 

25 to 34 years operators reporting . 

35 to i^ years operators reporting . 

45 to 54 years operators reporting. 

55 to 64 years operators reporting . 

65 years and over operators reporting . 

OFF-FARM WORK AND OTHER DICOME 

Fmrm operators — 

Witii other income of family exceeding value of farm 

products sold operators reporting. 

Working off their farms, by days 

worked, total operators reporting. 

None operators reporting. 

1 to 99 days operators reporting. 

100 to 199 days operators reporting. 

200 days or more operators reporting . 

FARJE BY CLASS OF WORK POWER 

No tractor, horses, or mules farms reporting. 

No tractor and only 1 horse or mule farms reporting. 

No tractor and 2 or more horses and/or mules farms reporting. 

Itactor and horses and/or mules farms reporting. 

Tractor and no horses or mules farms reporting. 

SPECIFIED FACIUTIES AND EQUIPMENT 

Telephone farms reporting. 

Electricity farms reporting. 

Television set farms reporting. 

Piped running water farms reporting. 

Home freezer farms reporting. 

Electric pig brooder farms reporting. 

Power feed grinder farms reporting. 

Milking machine farms reporting . 

Grain combines farms reporting. 

number . 
Com pickers farms reporting. 

number . 
Pick-up hay balers farms reporting . 

number . 
Field forage harvesters farms reporting. 

number . 
MDtortrucks farms reporting. 

number. 
lYactors farms reporting . 

number . 
Wheel tractors other than garden farms reporting, 

number . 
Garden tractors farms reporting. 

number . 
Crawler tractors farms reporting. 

number . 
Automobiles farms reporting. 

number . 

•'ARM LABOR 

Week of Sept. 26-Oct. 2 and/or Oct. 24-30: 

Family and/or hired workers farms reporting. 

persons. 

Family workers, including operator farms reporting. 

Operators working 1 hour or more persons . 

1 to 14 hours persons . 

15 hours or more persons . 

Unpaid members of operator's family farms reporting. 

persons . 

Hired workers farms reporting. 

persons . 
Regular workers (to be employed 

150 days or more ) farms reporting , 

persons. 
Seasonal workers (to be employed 

less than 150 days) farms reporting. 

persons . 

SPECIFIED FARM EXPENDITURES 

Specified farm expenditures ^ farms reporting. 

Machine hire and/or hired labor farms reporting. 

Machine hire farms reporting . 

dollars . 

Hired labor .farms reporting . 

dollars. 

$1 to $499 farms reporting. 

$500 to $999 farms reporting. 

$1,000 to $2,499 farms reporting. 

$2,500 to $4,999 farms reporting. 

$5, 000 and over farms reporting . 

Feed for livestock and poultry farms reporting. 

dollars. 

Gasoline and other petroleum fuel and oil farms reporting. 

dollars. 
Commercial fertilizer and 

fertilizing material farms reporting. 

dollars. 

tons. 

acres on which used. 

Lime and liming material farms reporting. 

dollars. 

tons. 

acres on which used. 



5,138 
18,378 
31,256 
31,876 
20,938 
10,5116 



5,676 

33,756 

88,515 

25,661 

3,553 

Ii,5lt2 



59,102 
3,091 
17,590 
17,819 
24,719 



llt,772 

108,693 

20,221 

32,006 

23,701 

56l( 

4,096 

1,292 

11,672 
13,633 
3,5lA 
3,716 
4,390 
li,633 

1,040 

1,192 

111, 474 

51,919 

42,953 

86,725 

42,456 

84,142 

964 

1,079 

1,247 

1,504 

48,752 

64,139 



115,442 
482,073 
114,115 
112,362 
13,526 
98,836 
66,318 
142,333 
24,769 
227,378 

5,639 

24,576 

21,832 
202,802 



120,716 

107,157 

83,494 

28,385,726 

67,451 

81,516,083 

45,253 

7,890 

7,339 

3,435 

3,534 

51,610 
16,704,077 

60,524 
33,845,225 

105,294 

32,814,039 

447,883 

3,901,386 

2,537 

725,300 

162,882 

119,008 



62 
594 
993 
1,018 
671 
305 



329 

1,048 

2,774 

627 

132 

289 



251 
17 

175 
1,366 
2,013 



1,602 

3,701 
1,462 
2,763 
1,863 

40 
393 

29 

2,152 

2,772 

610 

626 

529 

574 

84 

89 

2,870 

4,693 

3,419 

10,282 

3,367 

9,769 

127 

156 

278 

357 

2,921 

4,781 



3,542 

16,273 

3,416 

3,362 

536 

2,826 

878 

1,407 

1,645 

11,504 

838 
2,875 

1,162 
8,629 



3,822 

3,540 

2,571 

2,400,189 

3,049 

7,019,495 

1,233 

363 

662 

434 

357 

2,016 

915,603 

3,501 

5,187,196 

2,899 

2,558,342 

34,959 

362,522 

260 

79,602 

19,763 

13,953 



16 
126 
216 

188 
76 

28 



87 
598 
51 
23 
13 



1 

6 

320 

357 



411 
666 
443 
583 
458 

9 
119 

3 

591 
976 
105 
118 
197 
201 
44 
48 
621 

1,473 
680 

3,696 
676 

3,458 
23 
28 
162 
210 
598 

1,521 



665 
6,695 
627 
620 
47 
573 
178 
264 

563 
5,811 

416 
1,775 

312 
4,036 



6B5 
675 
450 

1,033,267 
667 

4,057,647 
29 
38 
167 
192 
241 

313 

308,741 

681 

2,444,584 

562 

1,262,661 

17,415 

176,977 

28 

17,972 

3,793 

3,213 



6 
137 
26k 
234 
117 
41 



154 

699 

94 

12 

48 



35 
6 

18 
354 

440 



474 
852 
375 
742 
524 

21 
111 

16 

647 
786 
241 
243 
194 
205 

29 

30 

757 

1,258 

806 

2,872 

788 

2,683 

59 

83 

80 

106 

738 

1,309 



803 

4,601 

780 

764 

64 

700 

201 

303 

507 

3,534 

272 
816 

355 
2,718 



853 
816 
508 
683,785 
800 
1,886,893 
166 
122 
268 

151 

93 

430 

282,522 

818 

1,462,938 

702 

715,719 

8,952 

99,365 

96 

42,620 

10,655 
6,780 



10 
125 
211 
159 
119 

32 



193 
498 
121 
26 
46 



26 
245 
380 



210 
681 
206 
473 

289 

'42 

5 

360 

415 

148 

149 

47 

77 

1 

1 

514 

835 

635 

1,516 

625 

1,470 

20 

20 

21 

26 

513 

700 



656 
1,895 
638 
632 
135 
497 
143 
259 
213 
1,004 

56 
131 

186 
873 



691 
666 
526 
335,710 
595 
537,806 
356 
61 
113 
54 
11 

426 
148,400 

665 
564,071 

531 

281,906 

3,879 

40, 084 

40 

5,650 

1,485 

1,070 



15 
91 
176 
212 
152 
72 



96 

297 

451 

186 

31 

80 



65 

254 
384 



260 
717 
196 
466 
353 



325 
351 
86 
86 

47 
47 
10 
10 

498 
583 
638 

1,172 
633 

1,154 

5 

5 

13 

13 

559 

651 



648 
.,516 
627 
607 
145 
462 
151 
256 
214 

653 
72 

107 

173 

546 



748 

678 

520 

212,182 

512 

373,299 

301 

92 

82 

25 

12 

449 
116,325 

667 
436,300 

577 

180, 167 

2,723 

28,550 

71 

11,115 

3,215 

2,620 



15 
80 
91 
155 
162 
65 



267 
316 
125 
40 
102 



35 

147 
331 



197 
553 
186 
378 
198 
10 
40 



193 
208 
15 
15 
38 
38 



358 

417 

488 

784 

478 

767 

15 

15 

2 

2 

383 

445 



533 

1,203 

512 

507 

100 

407 
135 
215 
132 
481 



125 

445 



583 

508 

401 

109,590 

343 

134,500 

270 

30 

31 

12 



292 

42,390 

473 

228, 303 

387 
92,789 

l,6l4 

14,916 

20 

2,145 

590 

255 



^Excludes farms reporting expenditures for coffBnercial fertilizer and lime. 
412358 0-57 -9 



110 



SIZE OF OPERATION BY TYPE OF FARM 



Table2.-SUBREGI0N 76.-FARMS AND FARM CHARACTERISTICS FOR CASH-GRAIN FARMS, BY ECONOMIC CLASS: 

CENSUS OF 1954-Conlinued 

[Data are based on reports for only a sflj]5)le of farms. See text] 



(For definitions apd explanations, see text) 



All 

commercial 

farms 



Economic class 



KSIUtoTED VAUm OF FARM PRODDCTS SOU) (see text) 

All farm products sold dollars. . . 

All crops sold dollars. . . 

Field crops, other than vegetables 
and fruits and nuts, sold dollars... 

Vegetables sold dollars , . . 

Fruits and nuts sold dollars... 

Horticultural spec ialties sold dollars . . . 

All livestocli and livestock products sold dollars... 

Dairy products sold dollars . . . 

Poultry and poultry products sold dollars. . . 

Livestock and livestock products, other 

than dairy and poultry, sold dollars . . . 

Forest products sold dollars 

LIVESTOCK AND LXVESTOCK PRQDOCIS 
LiTCltock on band: 

Horses and mules farms reporting. . . 

number . . . 

All cattle and calves farms reporting... 

number . . . 
Cows, including heifers that 

have calved farms reporting. . . 

number . . . 

mik cows farms reporting. . . 

number . . . 

All hogs and pigs farms reporting... 

number . . . 

Bom before June 1 number. . . 

Chickens 4 months old and over.. ..farms reporting... 

number . . . 

Sheep, total farms reporting... 

number. . . 

Number 1 year and over; 

Ewea number. . . 

Rama and wethers number. . . 

Livestock and livestock products sold: 

Cattle and calves sold alive farms reporting... 

number . . . 
dollars . . . 

Hogs and pigs sold alive farms reporting... 

number . . . 
dollars. .. 

Chickens sold...^ farms reporting . . . 

dollars . . . 

Chicken eggs sold farms reporting... 

dozens . . . 
dollars . . . 

Milk sold pounds . . . 

dollars . . . 

Sheep sold farms reporting... 

number . . . 
dollars . . . 

SPECIFIED CBOPS HAHTESIED 

Com for all purposes farms reporting . * . 

acres .. . 

Com harvested for grain farms reporting... 

acres . . . 

buahelB harvested... 

bushels sold. . . 

Oats threshed or combined farms reporting... 

acres . . . 

bushels harvested... 

bushels sold... 

Rice threshed or combined^ farms reporting... 

acres . . . 

buahels harvested... 

bushels sold... 

Soybeans harvested for all purposes. .farms reporting... 

acres grown alone . . . 

acres grown with other crops . . . 

Soybeans harvested for beans farms reporting... 

acres grown alone... 

acres grown with other crops . . . 

bushels harvested . . . 

Soybeans cut for hay farms reporting . . . 

acres grown alone . . . 

acres grown with other crops . . . 

tons harvested... 

Cotton harvested f^rms reporting . . . 

acres. . . 
bales harvested... 

Irish potatoes harvested for home 

use or for sale farms reporting... 

acres^. . 
bushels harvested... 



600,518,660 
552,'A5,095 

SW, 870,0)13 
921,169 
1,1*53,883 
1,200,000 
1*6,882,318 
6,336,391 
'•,771,331 

35,T7l*,596 
1,191,21*7 



38,500 

107,219 

59,71*8 

1,161,683 

57,917 
631,876 

1*7,809 
125,1.06 

61,251 
1*61,91*7 
21*1,821* 

85,857 

2,765,150 

1,122 

63,669 



38,330 
5,333 



23,285 

1*08,669 

26,397,310 

19,001 

287,688 

8,615,51*3 

1*,738 
2,518,378 

11,052 
1*, 595, 518 
1,911*, 092 

132,275,1*99 
6,336,391 

516 

36,658 

1*81,175 



68,573 
956,31*1* 

61.,366 

869,631 

16,1*38,000 

6,028,935 

10,361 

396,071* 

16,163,527 

9,152,955 

1,891* 

312,501 

17,1*05,285 

17,117,81*5 

32,521 

1,1*83,932 

122,1*37 

19,561 

1,327,030 

13,701 

16,290,1*22 

5,569 

100,003 

1,225 

91*, 750 

Ul*,896 
2,562,91*7 
2,291,068 



23,633 

3,Sll 

U66,390 



51*, 31*5, 101* 
51,682,363 

51,623,738 
21,679 
36,91*6 

2,51*3,31*7 

5l*,805 

1711,361* 

2,311*,178 
U9,391t 



1,558 

6,500 

2,378 

81,739 

2,298 

1*6,31*7 

1,71*5 

1*,277 

1,568 

25,312 

10,161* 

2,51*0 

137,288 

91 

2,1*1*2 



1,237 
176 



1,555 

26,959 

1,699,310 

928 

16,509 

591,209 

310 
18,830 

761* 
357,213 

H*l*,81*7 

1,562,881* 
51*, 805 

30 

708 

10,1*12 



2,178 

106,213 

2,100 

103,029 

2,881,1*71* 

2,107,193 

1,010 

72,787 

3, 051*, 1*09 
2,269,105 

1,369 

271,911 

15,291,091 

15,076,593 

2,329 

265,93s 

2,619 

2,191* 

21*2,1*06 
71*9 

3,656,315 

278 
13,1*03 

12,526 

1,616 
1*8,161* 
1*1,182 



591* 

77 

11,919 



32,81*6,81*1 
31,713,321 

31,703,300 
3,000 
7,021 

1,050,050 
16,325 
52,076 

981,61*9 
83,1*70 



327 

1,875 

1*21* 

36,520 

1*06 

21,336 

236 

662 

216 

5,290 

1,961* 

375 
21*, 378 

28 
1,235 



503 
50 



320 

12,655 

81*lt,9l*5 

139 

3,1*76 
127,158 

37 
1*,935 

92 
105,020 
1*1*, 966 

311,175 
16,325 

9 

336 

5,065 



223 
22,061* 

206 
20,880 
720, 368 
575,813 

277 

35,81*5 

1,552,679 

1,219,769 

508 

182,738 

11,250,696 

11,100,035 

316 

80,1*88 

889 

303 

73,158 

55 

1,388,509 

37 
2,713 

2,631 

299 
26,650 
23,908 



56 

11 

,135 



13,029,378 

12,211,91*5 

12, 191*, 758 
5,179 
12,008 

802,701* 
21*, 730 
36,338 

71*1,636 
ll*,729 



378 

2,11*9 

51*8 
23,921 

537 

13,526 

359 

1,027 

373 

7,970 

3,772 

560 

32,591 

26 

651 



31.1 

73 



1*11. 

8,1*63 

518,1*83 

213 

5,880 

217,306 

78 
1*,705 

165 
68,052 
28,993 

636,959 
21*, 730 



256 
3,672 



1.51* 
36,1*30 

1*39 

35,730 

1,158,186 

897,560 

221 

17,131* 
751,91*0 
533,71*2 

356 
63,303 

2,91*1*,910 
2,898,01*1 

505 

83,521 

1,055 

500 

77,776 

1*81* 
1,11*3,916 

52 
I*, 1*05 



1*02 
11,1*11 
9,530 



102 

51* 

5,958 



l*,772,986 
l*,i*l*6,898 

l*,l*36,l*28 
6,500 
3,970 

316,678 

W.0 

5l*,085 

262,153 
9,1*10 



271 
883 

1*1*2 

7,385 
1*31 

li,0l8 

383 

779 

311 

1*,609 

1,1*31 

1*55 

27,517 

15 

125 



271* 

2,625 

167,256 

171 

2,656 

93,935 

60 
5,1*90 

151 
107,1*00 
1*6,275 

22,705 

W.0 



1*28 
19,119 

1.08 

18,599 

1*78,923 

312,820 

11*9 

7,585 

308,895 

223,750 

221* 

17,990 

728,693 

719,159 

IA6 

1*5,319 

155 

1*36 
1*0,312 

632,129 

63 
3,325 

2,183 

383 
5,1*W* 
l*,lt90 



116 



2,618,673 
2,375,529 

2,360,1*1*2 
6,900 
8,187 

21*0,109 

8,11*5 
17,110 

214,851* 
3,035 



319 

923 

527 

9,173 

512 

5,11*7 

1*16 

933 

31*5 

1*,331 

1,651* 

576 

27,1*90 

11 

61. 



1*3 



290 

2,009 

109,1*50 

217 

2,791* 

101*, 71*5 

75 
2,030 

181 
1*0,556 
12,273 

383,1*26 

8,1V5 



519 
16,301* 

509 

15,651* 

315,065 

202,71*0 

175 

7,197 
293,075 
190,670 

166 

6,100 

298,160 

292,752 

508 
32,81*0 

21*5 

1*87 

30,370 

210 

322,631 

31 

815 

1,220 

357 
3,591* 
2,681* 



1,108 



929,807 
801*, 291 

796,531 

5,760 

116,766 
1*,195 
11,590 

100,981 
8,750 



192 

1*23 

317 

3,700 

297 

1,71*0 

21*6 

636 

222 

2,1*1*7 

1,206 

397 

16,657 

11 

367 



290 
12 



187 
1,01*7 
52,536 

157 

1,51*1 

l*J*,lt25 

1*0 
1,310 

11*0 
28,705 

9,820 

169,565 

1*,195 



116 
1,675 



383 
8,61*1 

373 

8,766 

161*, 567 

90,390 

11.2 

1*,1*10 

126,565 

88,599 



1,315 
61,112 
60,256 

1*02 

20,235 

160 

366 
17,725 

11*6,750 

55 
1,730 



1,825 

155 
970 
51*0 



11.2 

6 

1,755 



^Includes milk equivalent of cream and butterfat sold. ^Data relate only to that part of the subregion located in Mississippi, Louisiana, and Arkansas, 

acreage for farms with less than 20 bushels harvested. See text. 



^Does not include 



CASH-GRAIN FARMS 



111 



Table 2.-SUBREGI0N 76.-FARMS AND FARM CHARACTERISTICS FOR CASH-GRAIN FARMS, BY ECONOMIC CLASS: 

CENSUS OF 1954-Continued 

[C6ta are based an reports for only a eajnple of fauns. See terb] 



Item 
(For definitions and explanations, see text) 



All 

ccmnercial 

fams 



Econonlc class 



SPECIFIED CROPS HARVESTED— Continued 

Sveetpotatoee barveated for home 

use or for sale farms reporting . . . 

acres^ . . 
buebele barveated... 



Vegetables harvested for sale. 



farms reporting... 

dollara. . . 

Land in bearing and nonbearing fruit orchards, 

groves, vineyards, and planted nut trees farms reporting... 

acres . . . 

Alfalfa and alfalfa mixtures cut for hay (and 

for dehydrating)-' acres. .. 

tone. . . 
tons Bold. . . 



Clover, timothy, and mlxturea of clover and graaaea 
cut for hay 



acres. . . 

tons . . . 
tons sold. . . 



Leapedeza cut for hay. 



acres. . . 

tons . . . 
tons sold... 



Oats, wheat, barley, rye, or other small graina 
cut for hay 



acrea. 

tona. 
tons Bold. 



Wild hay cut' . 



acres. 

tons, 
tons sold. 



Other hay cut. 



acres.. 

tons. . 
tons Bold.. 

Nursery products Bold dollars . . 

Cut flowers, potted plants, floriat greens, and bedding 

plants sold dollars. . 

Vegetables grown under glass, flower seeds, vegetable seeds, 

vegetable plants, bulba, and mushrooms sold dollars.. 

Farms reporting by acres of corn 
harvested for all purposes; 

Under 11 acres farms reporting.. 

11 to 2k acres farms reporting.. 

25 to Ug acrea farms reporting. 

50 to 7^+ acrea farms reporting . 

75 to 99 acres farms reporting . . 

100 acres and over farms reporting. 

Farns reporting by acres of rice 
threshed or combined; 

Under 10 acres farms reporting. 

10 to 2k acres farms reporting. 

25 to 1+9 acres farms reporting. 

50 to 99 acres farms reporting. 

100 to 199 acres farms reporting. 

200 to 299 acres forma reporting . 

300 to 1+99 acres farms reporting. 

500 to 999 acres farma reporting . 

1,000 acres and over farms reporting. 

Farjns reporting by acres of soybeans (grown alone) 
harvested for all purposes; 

Under 25 acres farms reporting. 

25 to 1+9 acreB farms reporting . 

50 to 99 acres farms reporting . 

100 acres and over , farms reporting . 



30,1+1+3 

59,5M+ 

5,054,397 

1,953 
921,169 



2,198 

21,015 



1+2,388 

107,012 

1+2,661 



1+9,91+9 

73,811+ 
11,186 

121,953 
117,979 
10,037 



1+0,055 
1+2,071 
2,268 

2,900 

2,870 

120 

116,211+ 

13*, 898 

10,987 

798,875 

320,875 

80,250 



1+7,511+ 
12,320 
5,330 
1,553 
599 
1,257 



102 
1.15 
180 
196 
37I+ 
279 
225 
110 
13 



11,050 
i+,97'+ 
3,802 
l+,070 



1+06 

591+ 

55,038 

1+7 
21,679 



150 
863 



5,619 
li+,93it 
6,095 



I+,181 

5,098 

820 

16,530 

15,988 

3,077 



2,570 

2,1+05 

680 

100 
120 



i+,3l+9 

ii,8oo 

180 



562 
387 
51+1+ 
21+7 

110 

328 



6 
175 
li+o 
159 
331 
252 
197 
97 
12 



368 
1+71 
582 
872 



39 

313 

35,91+3 

1 
3,000 



27 
17I+ 



3,207 
8,795 
3,390 



1+81+ 
630 
155 

7,1+16 
5,607 
1,1+92 



1+51 

1+12 
75 

50 
25 



2,21+5 

2,758 
150 



38 

15 
1+0 
31 
16 
83 



80 
161 
166 



28 

33 

1+2 

209 



63 

91+ 

5,510 

11 
5,179 



38 

279 



1,662 
5,01+1+ 
2,365 



1,380 

2,108 

1+60 

5,312 

6,51+0 

875 



837 
76I+ 
300 



613 
728 



67 
39 
87 
51 
1+6 
16I+ 



5 

38 

201 

73 

30 

9 



9 

56 

85 

353 



92 

105 

8,806 

10 
6,500 



615 
7I+0 
190 



625 
71+0 
105 

837 
823 
25 



267 
21U 



396 

1+1+6 
30 



86 
70 
11+5 
55 
17 
55 



65 
101 
1+0 

17 

1 



25 
71 

156 

18U 



90 

58 

2,735 

20 
6,900 



35 
191+ 



105 
325 
150 



1,182 

1,187 



1,570 
1,565 

375 



390 
355 
125 



920 
738 



11+5 
98 

165 
70 
31 
10 



95 

65 
15 



90 
166 
177 

75 



96 

18 

1,010 



25 

132 



225 

263 



1,100 

1,21+3 

310 



1+85 
520 
180 

20 
20 



ll+O 
100 



166 
85 
86 
35 



121 

115 

110 

1+6 



26 

6 

1,031+ 

5 

100 



25 
25 



285 
170 
100 

295 

210 



ll+O 
ll+O 



35 
30 



60 
80 

21 
5 



10 

5 



95 

30 

12 

5 



Does not include acreage for farms with less than 20 bushels harvested. See text. ^Does not include data for farms with less than 20 trees or grapevines. See text. 

Data relate only to that part of the subregion located in Missouri, Mississippi, and Arkansas. "^Data relate only to that part of the subregion located in Missouri 

and Arkansas. 'Data relate only to that part of the subregion located in Mississippi, Arkansas, and Louisisna. 



112 



SIZE OF OPERATION BY TYPE OF FARM 

iaDle2.-SUBREG10N 78.-FARMS AND FARM CHARACTERISTICS FOR CASH-GRAIN FARMS, BY ECONOMIC CLASS: 

CENSUS OF 1954 

[Data are based on reports for only a saaple of farms. See text] 



(For definitions and explanations, see text) 



mOE, ACREiCEf AND VALDE 

Faraa number . . . 

Percent distribution percent . . . 

Lnd iD f uas "=''== . . . 

Percent distribution percent. . . 

Average size of farm acres. . . 

Valoe of land and buiidinga: 

Average per farm ...dollars... 

Average per acre dollars . . . 

Land in faraa according to nae: 

Cropland harvested farms reporting. . . 

acres . . . 

Percent distribution percent. . . 

Cropland used only for pasture farms reporting... 

acres . . . 

Cropland not harvested and not pastured farms reporting... 

acres. . . 

Cultivated summer fallow 
and other cropland^ f^™^ reporting... 

acres. . . 
Cropland lying idle and other cropland^ farms reporting... 

acres. . . 

Woodland pastured farms reporting. . . 

acres . . . 
Woodland not pastured farms reporting... 

acres . . . 
Other pasture (not cropland 
and not woodland ) farms reporting . . . 

acres. . . 
laqsroved (see text).^ farms reporting... 

acres. . . 
Other land (house lots, roads, 
wasteland, etc.) farms reporting... 

acres. . . 
Cropland, total farms reporting. . . 

acres .. . 
land pastured, total farms reporting. . . 

acres. . . 
Woodland, total farms reporting. . . 

acres. . . 
Irrigated land in farms farms reporting... 

acres . . . 

USE OF COlMERCIAl FERTILIZER 

Crops on vbich connercial fertilizer was used, 1954: 

Hay and cropland pasture farms reporting. . 

tons., 
acres on which used.. 

Other pasture farms reporting.. 

tons. . 
acres on irtlich used.. 

Coyn farms reporting. . 

tons., 
acres on which used.. 

Cotton fa^^ reporting . . 

tons. . 
acres on which used.. 

Fruits, vegetables, and potatoes farms reporting.. 

tons. . 
acres on which used . . 

Other crops farms reporting.. 

tons. . 
acres on which used.. 

RESIDENCE OF FARM OPERATOR 

Residing on farm operated operators reporting. . 

Not residing on farm operated operators reporting. . 

Operators not reporting residence number. . 

FARMS BY SI2E 

ttider 10 acres number . . 

10 to 29 acres number.. 

30 to 49 acres number.. 

50 to 69 acres number.. 

70 to 99 acres number.. 

100 to 139 acres number.. 

140 to 179 acres number . . 

180 to 219 acres number.. 

220 to 259 acres number.. 

260 to 499 acres number. . 

500 to 999 acres number.. 

1,000 acres and over number.. 

FARM OPERATORS Bt COLOR AND TENURE 

All fara operators: 

Owners , part owners , and managers number . . 

All tenants number . . 

Croppers number. . 

All white operatara: 

Owners, part owners, and managers number. . 

All tenants number. . 

Croppers number. 

All aonwhite operators: 

Owners , part owners , and managers number . 

All tenants number . 



All 

coimercial 

farms 



Croppers , 



.number. 



19,589 

XXX 

8,011t,863 

XXX 

1109.2 

39,027 
116.87 

17,178 
1,907,958 

XXX 

7,02li 

1,527,071 

2,91*8 

158,168 

873 

36,125 

2,288 

122,01*3 

3,925 

1,021,528 

962 

11*2,607 

9,637 

3,083,1*30 

1,263 

192,832 

16,339 
171*, 101 

18,131 
3,593,197 

15,1*01 

5,632,029 

"*,61t8 

1,161*,135 

5,267 

1,163,981 



1,1.81* 
8,583 

76,572 

612 

11,231 

38,778 

3,580 
6,726 

63,1*21* 
3,858 
8,3711 

79,221* 

1,591 

2,1*07 

15,073 

6,190 

113, 8W* 

1,132,559 



17,190 

1,887 

512 



Econdnlc class 



525 
1,956 
2,103 
1,771 
2,111 
2,2l*3 

1,531* 
1,055 
799 
2,1*1*9 
1,61*7 
1,396 



12,1*1*0 

7,11*9 

775 



11,1*16 

6,161 

1*95 



1,021* 
988 
280 



1*,975 
100.0 

2,913,308 
100.0 

585.6 

61*,315 
121.81* 

'',975 

1,161,271 

100.0 

2,91*7 

907,377 

328 

71,075 

65 

11,833 

276 

59,21*2 

639 

11*7,902 

372 

55,1*30 

1,211 

5ll*,238 

185 

22,906 

3,921* 

56,015 

'*,975 

2,139,723 

3,681 

1,569,517 

939 

203,332 

i*,882 

1,U9,291 



353 
2,803 
23,1*85 
128 
1,098 
11,958 

177 
1*66 

1*,885 
iBl* 
303 

2,077 

81 

67 

892 

'*,57l* 

106,370 

1,071*, 399 



lt,117 
655 
203 



5 

155 
2<>0 
21*0 
3''1 
1*15 

1*03 
321* 
281 
1,061* 
859 
61*8 



3,366 
1,609 

91* 



3,288 

1,552 

69 



1,922 
38.6 

2,228,098 

76.5 

1,159.3 

123,101* 
111*. 83 

1,922 

831*, 7 50 

71.9 

1,119 

695,626 

178 

53,511* 

39 

10,758 
11*6 

1*2,756 

291* 

117,976 

139 

31,972 

532 

1*63,1*09 

121 

20,1*86 

1,1*67 

30,851 

1,922 

1,583,890 

1,1*27 

1,277,011 

1*05 

11*9,91*8 

1,920 

809,281 



206 

2,189 

19,1*1*0 

89 

920 

10,018 

"•5 

157 

1,81*0 

22 

138 

1,059 

19 

20 

186 

1,915 

81,658 

786,91*3 



1,1*73 
387 
62 



36 
31 
65 

511* 
682 
589 



1,381* 

538 

9 



,361 
531 

9 



1,516 
30.5 

501*, 331 
17.3 
332.7 

1*3,967 
11*1.81 

1,516 
233,990 

20.1 

1,005 

163,525 

73 
9,1*06 

6 

390 

68 

9,016 

197 

25,056 

112 

17,058 

298 

37,578 

31* 

2,090 

1,197 

17.718 

1,516 

1*06,921 

1,151* 

226,159 

280 

1*2,111* 

1,505 

226,171 



106 
568 

3,650 

31* 

173 

1,865 

36 

70 
1*1*5 
22 
1*0 
253 

11 
18 

1*70 

1,1*23 

18,312 

2U,159 



1,283 

177 

56 



5 

65 
190 

191 

232 

159 

1*79 

11*0 

55 



971* 
51*2 
30 



96I* 
537 
30 



811* 
16.1* 

123,637 

1*.2 

151.9 

20,620 
137.31 

81I1 

66,191 

5.7 

1*37 

31,936 

56 

7,330 

15 

560 
1*6 

6,770 
77 

3,005 
66 

2,635 

186 

8,006 

30 

330 

667 

'*,53l' 

811* 

105,1*57 

563 

1*2,91*7 

11*3 

5,61*0 

80I* 

63,101* 



2l*5 

5 

5 

75 

26 
92 
1,11*5 
55 
51* 
395 

16 

10 

91 

733 

U,680 

57,072 



728 
51 
35 



10 
30 
115 
171 
175 

151 
1*6 
U2 
1*5 
26 
3 



526 
288 

10 



511 
283 
10 



1*38 
8.8 

1*1,907 
1.1* 
95.7 

11*, 506 
168.27 

1.38 
18,890 

1.6 

261 

13,395 

11 

700 

5 
125 

6 
575 

1*6 
1,1*50 

35 
1,31*5 

11*0 
3,990 



363 

2,137 

1*38 

32,985 

352 

18,835 

66 

2,795 

1*08 

14,91*5 



15 
25 

150 



1*0 

no 

1,100 

60 

1*8 

265 

25 

16 

115 

313 

1,285 

II*, 385 



373 
35 
30 



1*5 
110 
85 
90 
35 

20 
15 
15 
11 
11 



307 

131 

30 



297 
101 

10 



235 
1..7 

13,735 
0.5 
58.1* 

8,736 
178.03 

235 
6,51*5 

0.6 

120 

2,870 

10 

125 



10 

125 

20 
380 



1*5 
71*0 



195 
655 
235 

9,51*0 
165 

3,990 
1*0 

2,800 

215 
5,300 



25 
36 

31*5 
25 
23 

105 



20 
180 
1*29 

,765 



220 

5 

10 



70 

100 

25 

15 

5 



155 
-80 



ll*0 
80 



^Includes cultivated au-er fallow in the part of the aubregion located in ■H=xaa and cropland used only for crops not harvested and not P"'"=* i°^f^,P=^' f „?'">''^=«^°;^ 
located in Louisiana. ^Includes cropland lying idle (not accounted for) in the part of the aubregion located in Ix,ulaiana and cropland lying Idle In the part of the aubreglot 

located in Texaa. 



CASH-GRAIN FARMS 



113 



Table 2.-SUBREGI0N 78.-FARMS AND FARM CHARACTERISTICS FOR CASH-GRAIN FARMS, BY ECONOMIC CLASS: 

CENSUS OF 1954-Continued 

[Data are based on reports for only a sanple of farms. See text] 



(For definitions and explanations, see text) 



All 

commercial 
farms 



Economic class 



FARM OPERATORS BY AGE 

Under 2S years operators reporting . . 

25 to 34 years operators reporting.. 

35 to ^ years operators reporting. . 

45 to 54 years operators reporting . . 

55 to 64 years operators reporting.. 

65 years and over operators reporting. . 

OFF-FARM *ORK AND OTHER INCOME 

Fbtb operators—. 

With other income of family exceeding value of farm 

products sold operators reporting.. 

Working off their farms, by days 

worked, total operators reporting. . 

None operators reporting. . 

1 to 99 days operatars reporting.. 

100 to 199 days operators reporting. . 

200 days or more operators reporting . . 

FAHJE BY CLASS OF WORX POWER 

No tractor, horses, or mules farms reporting.. 

No tractor and only 1 horse or mule farms reporting.. 

No tractor and 2 or more horses and/or mules farms reporting.. 

Tractor and horses and/ or mules farms reporting . . 

Tractor and no horses or mules farms reporting.. 

SPECIFIED FACILITIES AND EQUIPMENT 

Telephone farms reporting . . 

Electricity farms reporting. . 

Television set farms reporting.. 

Piped running water farms reporting. . 

Home freezer farms reporting.. 

Electric pig brooder farms reporting.. 

Power feed grinder farms reporting.. 

Milking machine farms reporting . . 

Grain combines farms reporting.. 

number . . 
Com pickers farms reporting . . 

number . . 
Pick-up hay balers farms reporting.. 

number . . 
Field forage harvesters farms reporting.. 

number . . 
Ibtortmcks farms reporting . . 

number . . 
Tractors farms reporting . . 

number . . 
Wheel tractors other than garden farms reporting.. 

number . . 
Garden tractors farms reporting.. 

number . . 
Crawler tractors farms reporting . . 

number . . 
Automobiles farms reporting . . 

number . . 

FARM LABOR 

Week of Sept. 26-Oct. 2: 

Family and/ or hired workers farms reporting.. 

persons . . 

Family workers, including operator farms reporting.. 

Operators working 1 hour or more persons . . 

1 to 14 hours persons . . 

15 hours or more persons . . 

Iftipaid members of operator's family farms reporting.. 

persons . . 

Hired workers farms reporting . . 

persons . . 
Regular workers (to be employed 

150 days or more) farms reporting.. 

persons . . 
Seasonal workers (to be employed 

less than 150 days) farms reporting.. 

persons . . 

SPECIFIED FARM EXPENDITURES 

Specified farm expenditures farms reporting. . . 

Machine hire and/or hired labor farms reporting. . . 

Machine hire farms reporting . . . 

dollars . . . 

Hired labor farms reporting... 

dollars . . . 

$1 to $499 farms reporting... 

$500 to $999 farms reporting... 

$1,000 to $2,499 farms reporting... 

$2,500 to $4,999 farms reporting... 

$5,000 and over farms reporting. . . 

Feed for livestock and poultry farms reporting. . . 

dollars. . . 

Gasoline and other petroleum fuel and oil farms reporting... 

dollars . . . 
Commercial fertilizer and 

fertilizing material farms reporting... 

dollars . . . 

tons . . . 

acres on which used... 

Lime and liming material farms reporting. . . 

dollars . . . 

tons . . . 

acres on which used . . . 



1)78 

li,306 

U,087 
2,675 



2,097 

5,763 

13,795 

3,320 

705 

1,738 



2,191 

670 
3,005 
7,223 
6,500 



7,226 

I8,lt81t 

6,009 

llt,lt78 

10,195 

102 

l.SS* 

77'' 

3,198 

lt,5l.l 

69"! 

722 

1,263 

1,308 

2l*5 

281. 

11,757 

16,302 

13,930 

26,228 

13,692 

2li,981i 

555 

625 

1.68 

619 

11., 569 

18,121 



18,1.67 
53,701 
17,993 
17,71.3 

2,688 
15,055 

7,091. 
11,51.9 

6,21.1 
21., 1.09 

3,050 
6,351 

l.,2l»7 
18,058 



19,551. 

16,078 

10,085 

6,515,183 

14,291 

21,757,357 

6,1.33 

2,1.21 

3,013 

1,1.75 

91.9 

15,901. 
16,369,61.0 

15,562 
11,625,936 

11,1.15 

10,664,935 

IU.,1.63 

1,1.05,903 

221 

52,933 

9,1.81 

9,876 



190 
770 
1,370 
1,21.6 
817 
355 



335 

1,262 

3,693 

610 

176 

1.76 



383 
86 

221. 
2,791 
1,1.91 



2,1.08 
4,815 
1,901 
4,21.7 
3,464 

26 
217 

39 

2,726 

3,956 

35 

36 

474 

490 

38 

51 

3,949 

6,961 

4,294 

11,760 

4,268 

11,130 

161 

172 

357 

458 

4,024 

5,309 



4,757 

13,231 

4,632 

4,595 

391 
4,204 

823 
1,261 
2,694 
7,375 

1,777 
3,531 

1,634 
3,844 



4,965 

4,571 

2,999 

3,974,197 

4,023 

10,022,036 

1,224 

481 

995 

757 

566 

3,915 
2,746,211 

4,598 
7,634,310 

4,657 

8,571,731 

111,244 

1,117,268 

54 

16,107 

2,455 

3,000 



49 
323 
625 
488 
254 

93 



71 

238 
1,683 

114 

17 

107 



17 

1,287 

562 



1,329 
1,854 
1,176 
1,803 
1,493 

11 
132 

18 

1,669 

2,766 

5 

6 

289 

305 

25 

33 

1,842 

4,314 

1,851 

7,308 

1,846 

6,800 

100 

111 

309 

397 

1,762 

2,826 



1,850 

7,641 

1,764 

1,750 

l42 

1,608 

378 

64S 

1,582 

5,243 

1,316 
2,941 

849 
2,302 



1,917 

1,885 

1,033 

2,291,459 

1,862 

8,271,635 

74 

101 

523 

625 

539 

1,463 
1,846,622 

1,840 
5,657,772 

1,921 

6,659,527 

85,083 

818,627 

29 

10,364 

1,775 

1,775 



66 
280 
375 
398 
239 
106 



107 

374 
1,128 
185 
47 
142 



71 
6 

31 
906 
502 



677 

1,465 

494 

1,346 

1,137 

10 

75 

21 

835 

948 

5 

5 

133 

133 

8 

13 

1,236 

1,666 

1,413 

2,917 

1,407 

2,852 

25 

25 

32 

40 

1,249 

1,404 



1,455 

3,177 

1,432 

1,415 

93 

1,322 

201 

296 

720 

1,466 

361 
474 

464 
992 



1,516 

1,395 

860 

1,044,816 

1,300 

1,303,251 

515 

283 

382 

100 

20 

1,222 

616,094 

1,447 

1,592,213 

1,439 

1,409,479 

19,316 

218,098 

19 

4,768 

480 
575 



35 
105 
234 
190 
154 

56 



329 

485 

185 

52 

92 



101 
25 
61 
356 
271 



286 
813 
159 
645 
507 
5 
5 



159 

179 

10 

10 

26 

26 

5 

5 

518 

613 

627 

1,029 

627 

992 

31 

31 

6 

6 

580 

630 



754 
1,279 
748 
742 
61 
681 
118 
155 
220 
382 

64 
80 

174 
302 



814 

728 

611 

460,917 

493 

300,050 

339 

62 

63 

22 
7 

673 

178,060 
743 

416,045 

749 

368,296 

4,861 

59,208 

6 

975 

200 
650 



20 
27 
91 
135 
70 
70 



186 

247 

76 

30 

80 



80 
30 
50 
187 
91 



56 
4l8 

52 
298 
212 



278 

293 

283 

351 

273 

336 

5 

5 

5 

10 

253 

259 



413 
764 
403 
403 

45 
358 

86 
112 
142 
249 

31 
31 

122 
218 



433 

323 

270 

114,410 

238 

104,750 

181 

35 

17 

5 



332 

67,250 

373 

134,265 

348 

102,194 

1,486 

16,005 



45 

130 

105 

45 

30 

55 



60 
220 

20 
140 

95 



70 
70 
no 
145 
105 

140 



5 
5 

170 
180 



235 
300 
235 
235 
35 
200 
25 
30 
30 
35 



235 
205 
195 

60,870 
120 

41,775 
105 

10 



195 
35,335 

175 
32,665 

190 

31,885 

490 

5,235 



Excludea farms reporting expenditures for commercial fertilizer and lime. 



114 



SIZE OF OPERATION BY TYPE OF FARM 



Table 2.-SUBREGI0IN 78.-PARMS AND FARM CHARACTERISTICS FOR CASH-GRAIN FARMS, BY ECONOMIC CLASS: 

CENSUS OF 1954-Continued 

[Data are based on reports for only a saa^ile of farms. See te]rt] 



(For definitions ajid explanations, see teat) 



ESTIMfLTED VALUE OF FARM PRODUCTS SOU) (see text) 

All farm products sold dollars. . 

All crops sold dollars.. 

Field crops, other than vegetables 
and fruits and nuts, sold dollars.. 

Vegetables sold dollars . . 

Fruits and nuts sold dollars . . 

Horticultural specialties sold dollars.. 

All livestock and livestock products sold. .. .dollars.. 

Dairy products sold dollars.. 

Poultry and poultry products sold dollars.. 

Livestock and livestock products, other 

than dairy and poultry, sold dollars . . 

Forest products sold dollars.. 

LIVESTOCK AND LTVEIOCK HiODUCIS 

Liveatoelt on hand: 

Horses and mules farms reporting... 

number. .. 

All cattle and calves farms reporting... 

number. . . 
Cows, including heifers that 

have calved farms reportin g . . . 

number . . . 

Milk cows farms reporting. . . 

number . . . 

All hogs and pigs farms reporting. . . 

number . . . 

Bom before June 1 number... 

Chickens 4 months old and over. ...farms reporting... 

number . . . 

Sheep, total farms reporting. . . 

number . . . 

Number 1 year and over: 

Ewes nuniber. . . 

Rams and wethers number. . . 



Livestock and livestock products sold: 
Cattle and calvea sold alive fa 



reporting. . 
number. . 
dollars . . 



Hogs and pigs sold alive farms reporting.. 

number . . 
dollars . . 

Chickens sold farms reporting. . 

dollara . . 

Chicken eggs sold farms reporting. . 

dozena . . 
don ara . . 

Milk sold pounds . . 

dollara . . 

Sheep sold farms reporting. . 

number . . 

dollars . . 

SPECIFIED CROPS HARVESTED 

Corn for all purposes farms reporting. . 

acres. . 

Corn harvested for grain fanua reporting. . 

acres . . 

bushels harvested. . 

bushels sold. . 

Rice threshed or combined farms reporting.. 

acres . . 

162-lb. bbl. harvested.. 

162-lb. bbl. sold.. 

Cotton harvested farms reporting. . 

acres . . 
bales harvested.. 

Iriah potatoes harveal^d for home 

use or for sale farms reporting . . . 

acres^. . 
bushels harvested... 

Sweetpotatoes harvested for home 

use or for sale farms reporting — 

acres^. . 
bushels harveated. . . 

Vegetables harvested for sale fazms reporting... 

dollars . . . 

land In bearing and nonbearlng fruit 
orchards, grovea, vlneyarda, and 

planted nut trees^ farms reporting. . . 

acres . . . 
Alfalfa and alfalfa mixtures cut for 

hay (and for dehydrating)* acres. . . 

tons . . . 
tons sold. . . 



All 

commercial 

farms 



2a2,li83,958 
183,650,935 

180,739,560 

935,880 

203,870 

1,771,625 

38,619,437 

9, 580, Ski 

5,098,233 

23,9'>0,863 
213,586 



10,898 

35,562 

16,871 

1,091,918 

16,663 
693,'»6'i 
11,826 
65,891 
10,061 
72,1*93 
37,7''8 
14,9118 
1,3011,709 

1,857 
58,lit2 



3lt,359 
6,993 



12, 526 

lt2lt,926 

22,286,192 

3,562 

42,397 
1,257,972 

2,877 
I,81t6,li90 

7,553 
6,758,411 
2,412,871 

175,438,335 
9,580,341 

756 

18,753 

187,475 



10,193 
184,740 

9,695 

175,228 

4,069,622 

1,005,146 

5,078 

1,122,792 

17,894,968 

17,623,966 

9,456 
282,096 
201,363 



4,048 

618 

81,699 



2,329 
10,327 
783,561 



935,880 



413 
4,106 

13,817 
22,713 
12,034 



Economic class 



141,042,922 
135,297,078 

135,294,251 

2,550 

277 

5,732,084 
485,126 
157,635 

5,089,323 
13,760 



3,101 

9,798 

4,162 

325,028 

4,127 
212,465 
2,811 
7,787 
1,742 
9,224 
5,357 
3,361 
152,760 

720 
10,190 



6,694 
966 



3,221 

110,238 

4,948,922 

398 

3,442 
71,083 

152 
U,248 

1,017 
271, '»97 
108,310 

8,955,988 
485,126 

226 

3,614 

30,846 



418 
9,896 

365 

8,376 

208,930 

95,300 

4,873 
1,108,223 

17,697,935 
17,432,494 

338 

7,533 
5,065 



581 

64 

9,071 



180 

356 

22, 180 

13 
2,550 



62 
344 

1,161 

1,607 

429 



105,735,483 
101,329,470 

101,328,630 

800 

40 

4,394,953 

416,081 

79,922 

3,898,950 
11,060 



1,304 

5,264 

1,532 

234,944 

1,523 

154,692 

776 

3,215 

418 

2,871 

1,742 

991 

48,560 

211 
3,967 



2,572 
343 



1,396 

83,032 

3,836,243 

105 
1,222 
24,013 

61 
7,889 

254 

123,556 

54,400 

7,592,305 
416,081 

91 
1,624 
14,792 



120 
3,905 

99 

2,874 

71,790 

10,800 

1,926 

801,862 

13,272,288 

13,094,532 

73 
5,017 

3,164 



141 

33 

2,778 



52 

125 

9,798 

3 
800 



33 
241 

1,036 

1,357 

229 



26,113,884 
25,108,189 

25,108,077 

112 

1,002,995 
69,030 
38,684 

895,281 
2,700 



943 

2,602 

1,324 

64,780 

1,318 

42,255 
980 
2,401 
618 
3,126 
1,946 
1,129 
52,005 



289 
4,477 



2,923 

468 



1,059 
20,562 

842,230 

167 
1,385 
28,630 

35 
1,343 



70,432 
26,221 

1,363,080 
69,030 

97 
1,683 
13,733 



91 

1,634 

64 

1,280 

33,785 

17,290 

1,495 
223,277 

3,301,989 
3,234,972 

50 
1,086 

786 



187 

6 
2,079 



51 
64 

2,702 



6,926,926 
6,692,593 
6,692,576 



234,333 

28,674 

205,659 



442 

1,020 

709 

16,992 

694 

10,364 

535 

1,136 

330 

1,430 

799 

674 

32,821 

140 
1,186 



844 
100 



507 

4,610 
192,974 

66 

315 

7,895 

46 
1,876 

225 

64,324 
22,749 



23 

222 

1,861 



62 
1,327 

57 
1,317 
26,100 
17,750 

799 

62,659 

858,113 

848,625 

85 
675 
605 



133 

25 

3,299 



42 

86 

5,735 



1,670,875 
1,593,878 



1,592,378 
1,500 



76,997 

5,445 

71,552 



267 

632 

387 

6,482 

387 

4,089 

325 

645 

216 

1,132 

495 

342 

10,889 

60 

450 



285 
50 



197 
1,624 
63,430 

25 

240 

6,840 



80 
5,670 
2,205 



10 
70 

420 



75 
1,930 

75 
1,805 
51,825 
35,000 

408 

14,665 

197,435 

187,160 

90 
560 
405 



55 
490 



20 

51 

2,150 

5 
1,500 



100 
200 
200 



556,729 
536,543 

536,435 

108 

20,186 

15 

3,590 

16,581 



120 

230 

190 

1,775 

190 
1,030 
180 
365 
l4o 
605 
325 
190 
6,985 

20 



55 

395 

la.ll^S 

30 

270 

3,305 

10 

l4o 

55 
6,215 
2,345 

603 
15 

5 

15 
40 



45 
805 

45 

805 

20,905 

11,960 

215 

5,270 

64,700 

63,830 



30 
140 
85 



55 
365 



1 Includes milk equivalent of cream and butterfat sold, 
farms with less than 20 trees or grapevines. See text. 



^Does not include acreage for farms with less than 20 bushels harvested, 
*Data relate only to that psrt of the subreglon locsted In Texas, 



^Doea not include data for 



CASH-GRAIN FARMS 



115 



Table 2.-SUBREGI0N 78.-FARMS AND FARM CHARACTERISTICS FOR CASH-GRAIN FARMS, BY ECONOMIC CLASS: 

CENSUS OF 1954-Continued 

[l;kt« are based cm reports for only a Bsn^le of fains. See text] 



(For definitlone and ejcplanatlcosi see text) 



Econdnic class 



SPECIFIED CROPS HARVESTED— Continued 

Clover, tljsothy, and mixtuxea of clover and grasaea 

cut for hay acres . . . 

tons . . . 
tons sold. . . 



Lespedeza cut for hay. 



acres. 

tons, 
tons sold. 



Oats, vbeat, harley, rye, or other small grains 
cut for hay 



acres . 

tons, 
tons sold. 



WUd hay cut^. 



acres. 

tons, 
tons sold. 



Other hay cut. 



acres. 

tons . 
tons sold. 

Ihirsery products sold dollars . 

Cut flowers, potted plants, florist greens, and bedding 

plants sold dollars . 

Vegetables grown under glass, flower seeds, vegetable seeds, 

vegetable plants , bulbs , and mushrooms sold dollars . 

Farms reporting by acres of corn 
harvested for all purposes : 

Under 11 acres farms reporting. 

11 to 2U acres farms reporting. 

25 to h^ acres farms reporting. 

50 to 7^ acres farms reporting . 

75 to 99 acres farms reporting. 

100 acres and over farms reporting. 

Farms reporting by acres of rice 
threshed or combined: 

Under 10 acres farms reporting. 

10 to 2k acres farms reporting. 

25 to ^9 acres farms reporting. 

50 to 99 acres farms reporting. 

100 to 199 acres farms reporting. 

200 to 299 acres farms reporting. 

300 to kgs acres farms reporting. 

500 to 999 acres farma reporting. 

1,000 acres and over farms reporting. 



9,656 

10,71*7 

l,ol*o 

12,2k3 

14,138 

318 



6,981 

6,071* 

l|87 

66,006 
52,597 
11,595 

1*7, 01(8 
51,78k 
6,202 

853,750 

417,000 

500,875 



<i,405 
3,6*9 
1,591 

333 
81 

134 



61 
353 

i»6o 



1,230 
804 

817 
403 
70 



3,943 

5,663 

570 

7,015 

8,081 

78 



1,865 

1,440 

107 

4,661 

4,662 

561 

8,193 

10,007 

591 



226 
67 
64 
32 

10 
19 



30 
280 
411 

861 
1,221 

793 

808 

400 

69 



3,401 

5,022 

570 

5,211 

5,291 

78 



1,397 
1,028 

107 

3,947 
4,129 

446 

6,171 

7,780 

431 



10 
151 
550 

765 
381 
69 



542 
641 



1,449 
2,490 



153 
227 



647 
480 
115 

1,092 

1,370 

100 



248 
957 
231 

31 

12 



295 
280 



305 

230 

45 



5 
15 

120 

533 
97 
11 

11 

7 



230 
95 



585 
587 



115 
225 

55 

11 
1 



5 

140 

55 



15 
5 

5 



20 
5 



^Data relate only to that part of the subregion located In Texas. 



116 SIZE OF OPERATION BY TYPE OF FARM 

Table 2.-SUBREGI0N 83 .-FARMS AND FARM CHARACTERISTICS FOR CASH-GRAIN FARMS, BY ECONOMIC CLASS: 

CENSUS OF 1954 

[Data are based on reports for oni^ a sajnple of farms. See text] 



(For definitions and explanations, see text) 



All 

commercial 

farms 



FARJE, ACREAGE, AND VAIOE 

Faru number. . 

Percent distribution percent. . , 

Land in f uaa acres. . . 

Percent distribution percent. . , 

Average size of farm acres... 

Value of laad and buiidiaga; 

Average per farm dollars . . 

Average per acre dollars . . 

Laad in faras accordiag to uae; 

Cropland harvested farms reporting.. 

acres. . 

Percent distribution percent. . 

Cropland used only for pasture farms reporting. . 

acres . . 
Cropland not harvested and not pastured farms reporting.. 

acres. . 

Cultivated summer fallow farms reporting.. 

acres . . 
Other cropland farms reporting . . 

acres . . 

Woodland pastured farms reporting.. 

acres. . 
Woodland not pastured farms reporting. . 

acres . . 
Other pasture (not cropland 
and not woodland) farms reporting.. 

acres . . 
Improved (see text).. farms reporting.. 

acres . . 
Other land (house lots, roads, 
wasteland, etc . ) farms reporting. . 

acres . . 
Cropland, total farms reporting. . 

acres. . 
l£ind pastured, total farms reporting. . 

acres . . 
Woodland, total farms reporting. . 

acres . . 
Irrigated land in farms farms reporting.. 

acres . . 

USE OF COMiJERCLAL FERTILIZER 

Crops on vbicfa coaoercial fertilizer waa uaeJ, 1954: 

Hay and cropland pasture farms reporting . . 

tons. . 
acres on which used.. 

Other pasture farms reporting . . . 

tons. . . 
acres on which used . . . 

Com farms reporting . . . 

tons . . . 

acres on which used... 

Cotton^ farms reporting . . . 

tons. . . 
acres on which used . . . 

Fruits, vegetables, and potatoes farms reporting... 

tons . . . 
acres on which used... 

Other crops farms reporting . . . 

tons . . . 
acres on which used . . . 

RESIDENCE OF FARM OPERATOR 

Residing on farm operated operators reporting. . . 

Not residing on farm operated operators reporting. . . 

Operators not reporting residence number — 

FARMS BY SIZE 

IMder 10 acres number... 

10 to 29 acres number . . . 

30 to 49 acres number . . . 

50 to 69 acres number . . . 

70 to 99 acres number. . . 

100 to 139 acres number... 

UO to 179 acres number. . . 

ISO to 219 acres number... 

220 to 259 acres number... 

260 to 499 acres number . . . 

500 to 999 acres number... 

1,000 acres and over number . . . 

FARU OPERATORS BY COLOR AND TENURE 

All fara opera^ora: 

Owners, part owners, and managers number... 

All tenants number. . . 

Croppers^ number . . . 

All white operatora: 

Owners , part owners , and managers number . . . 

All tenants , number . . . 

Croppers number . . . 

All aoQwhite operatora: 

Owners , part owners , and managers number . . . 

All tenants number... 

Croppers ^ number . . . 



25,603 

XXX 

10,813,588 

XXX 

422.4 

29,282 

69.37 

23,671 
3,130,385 

XXX 

7,219 
483,644 

9,121 
352,403 

1,754 

52,051 

8,037 

300,352 

5,581 
622,580 

3,456 
129,962 

20,934 

5,712,466 

2,302 

135,521 

24,483 

382,148 

24,184 

3,966,432 

24,172 

6,818,690 

7,860 

752,542 

203 

11,636 



3,588 

10,185 

115,660 

817 

2,527 

23,016 

5,082 

10,090 

156,798 

156 

532 

6,370 

170 

279 

1,835 

(NA) 

64,389 

1,022,382 



23,473 

1,623 

502 



390 
395 
710 
545 
1,930 
1,840 

3,580 
1,885 
2,425 
7,230 
3,290 
1,383 



19, 532 

6,071 

23 



19,410 

6,065 

23 



Economic class 



7,743 
100.0 

2,445,954 
100.0 
315.9 

25,726 
82.02 

7,743 

1,287,915 

100.0 

1,791 

73,295 

3,457 

142,929 

640 

20,555 

3,098 

122,374 

1,243 
74,154 

1,254 
48,356 

6,078 

693,774 

437 

21,820 

7,418 
125,531 

7,743 
1,504,139 

6,976 
841,223 

2,125 

122,510 

53 

2,415 



1,054 
2,357 
32,042 
184 
392 
6,100 

1,895 

3,957 

65,009 

10 

15 

225 

20 

5 

40 

(NA) 
32,484 
541,101 



6,947 
613 

183 



10 
55 
70 
125 
555 
505 

1,110 
650 
885 

2,670 
940 
168 



5,203 
2,540 



5,171 
2,540 



45 
0.6 

63,158 

2.6 

1,403.5 

123,477 
91.55 

45 

31,873 

2.5 

16 

1,181 

15 

1,563 



195 

11 

1,368 

8 

651 

13 

747 

42 

25,054 

9 

2,185 



34,617 

43 

26,836 



10 

114 

,057 

2 

15 

150 



Class II Class III 



18 
126 
,982 



(NA) 

937 

15,473 



926 
12.0 

558,654 
22.8 

603.3 

53,544 
88.53 

926 

322,856 

25.1 

273 

15,387 

424 

24,249 

78 

4,220 

379 

20,029 

145 
10,698 

206 
10,654 

746 

149,650 

99 

6,125 

886 

25,160 

926 

362,492 

836 

175,735 

303 

21,352 

15 

785 



178 

623 

8,206 

24 

52 

890 

327 

990 

16,408 



(NA) 

8,996 

147,581 



5 
25 

380 
435 
81 



625 

301 



618 
301 



2,201 
28.4 

844,030 
34.5 
333.5 

31,755 
83.02 

2,201 

458,090 

35.6 

544 

22,643 

1,042 

52,041 

245 

8,693 

910 

43,348 

360 
24,980 

413 
16,570 

1,734 

224,244 

137 

6,390 

2,119 

45,462 

2,201 

532,774 

2,026 

271,367 

645 

41,550 

26 

1,360 



406 

890 

12,714 

52 

77 

1,235 

618 

1,393 

22,256 

5 

10 

160 



(NA) 

12,018 

206,080 



2,034 
122 
45 



45 

80 
145 
240 
1,285 
375 
31 



1,413 
788 



1,413 
788 



2,509 
32.4 

632,351 
25.9 
252.0 

19,219 

78.44 

2,509 

322,210 

25.0 

617 

22,844 

1,125 

39,504 

187 

4,500 

1,023 

35,004 

410 
22,875 

420 
13,710 

1,949 

177,431 

126 

5,335 

2,418 

33,777 

2,509 

384,558 

2,269 

223,150 

696 

36,585 

10 

55 



335 
530 

7,210 
71 
182 

2,570 

601 

1,010 

17,068 



10 

1 

10 

(NA) 

7,780 

129,018 



2,241 
199 
69 



125 
160 

560 
330 
410 
790 
95 
14 



1,664 
845 



1,659 
845 



1,513 
19.6 

274,823 
11.2 

181.0 

12,944 

70.71 

1,513 

123,917 

9.6 

270 

8,810 

645 

19,620 

110 
2,450 

580 
17,170 

225 

12,035 

140 

5,720 

1,133 

39,833 

56 

1,510 

1,427 

14,838 

1,513 

152,347 

1,313 

110,723 

320 

17,755 



115 
192 
2,770 
25 
26 
770 

255 

356 

5,725 

5 
65 

10 

4 

30 

(NA) 

2,423 

38,199 



1,323 
160 
35 



20 
35 
75 
275 
195 

370 
145 
195 
190 



1,052 
466 



1,037 
466 



NA Not available. 



^Data relate only to that part of the subregion located in Oklahoma. 



CASH-GRAIN FARMS 



117 



Table 2.-SUBREGI0N 83 .-FARMS AND FARM CHARACTERISTICS FOR CASH-GRAIN FARMS, BY ECONOMIC CLASS. 

CENSUS OF 1954-Continued 

[Data are based on reports for only a san^jle of farms. See text] 



(For definitions and explanations, see text) 



All 

commercial 

farms 



Economic class 



FARM OPERATORS BY AGE 

Under 25 years operators reporting.. 

25 to 34 years operators reporting.. 

35 to 44 years operators reporting.. 

45 to 54 years operators reporting. . 

55 to 64 years operators reporting.. 

65 years and over operators reporting. . 

OFF-FARM WORK AND OTHER INCOME 

Fara operators— 

With other income of family exceeding value of farm 

products sold operators reporting.. 

Working off their farms, by days 

worked, total operators reporting. . 

None operators reporting. . 

1 to 99 days operators reporting. . 

100 to 199 days operators reporting. . 

200 days or more operators reporting . . 

FARMS BY CLASS OF WORK POWER 

No tractor, horses, or mules farms reporting.. 

No tractor and only 1 horse or mule farms reporting.. 

No tractor and 2 or more horses and/ or mules farms reporting.. 

Tractor and horses and/or mules farms reporting . . 

Tractor and no horses or mules farms reporting . . 

SPECIFIED FACILITIES AND EQUIPMENT 

Telephone farms reporting. . 

Electricity farms reporting. . 

Television set farms reporting.. 

Piped running water farms reporting . . 

Home freezer farms reporting.. 

Electric pig brooder farms reporting.. 

Power feed grinder farms reporting.. 

Milking machine farms reporting. . 

Grain combines farms reporting.. 

number . . 
Com pickers farms reporting.. 

number . . 
Pick-up hay balers farms reporting. . 

number . . 
Field forage harvesters farms reporting.. 

number . . 
Ifctortrucks farms reporting.. 

number . , 
Tractors farms reporting.. 

number . . 
Wheel tractors other than garden farms reporting.. 

number . . 
Garden tractors farms reporting. . 

number . . 
Crawler tractors farms reporting.. 

number . . 
Automobiles farms reporting. . 

number. . 

FARM LABOR 

Week of Sept. 26-Oct. 2: 

Family and/or hired workers farms reporting . . 

persons. , 

Family workers, including operator farms reporting.. 

Operators working 1 hour or more persons . , 

1 to 14 hours persons.. 

15 hours or more persons . . 

Unpaid members of operator's family farms reporting.. 

persons . . 

Hired workers farms reporting. 

persons. 
Regular workers (to be employed 

150 days or more) farms reporting. 

persons. 
Seasonal workers (to be employed 

less than 150 days ) farms reporting. 

persons . 

SPECIFIED FARM EXPENDITURES 

Specified farm expenditures^ farms reporting. 

Machine hire and/or hired labor farms reporting. 

techine hire farms reporting. 

dollars . 

Hired labor farms reporting. 

dollars. 

$1 to $499 farms reporting. 

$500 to $999 farms reporting . 

$1,000 to $2,499 farms reporting. 

$2,500 to $4,999 farms reporting. 

$5,000 and over farms reporting. 

Feed for livestock and poultry farms reporting. 

dollars. 

Gasoline and other petroleum fuel and oil farms reporting. 

dollars. 
Commercial fertilizer and 

fertilizing material farms reporting. 

dollars . 

tons. 

acres on which used . 

Lime and lijning material farms reporting. 

dollars . 

tons. 

acres on which used. 



452 
2,942 
5,703 
6,259 
5,384 
4,423 



3,536 

10,312 
14,953 
5,372 
1,385 
3,055 



1,972 
327 

1,324 
10,705 
11,275 



17,084 
24,270 

7,773 
13,821 

7,128 

818 

12,342 

4,252 

12,980 

13,564 

4,095 

4,134 

5,385 

5,440 

2,493 

2,545 

18,461 

21,854 

22,182 

34,506 

21,957 

32,504 

1,557 

1,574 

397 

428 

20,584 

24,935 



24,278 

45,955 

24,013 

23,652 

5,327 

18,325 

10,584 

15,086 

3,381 

7,217 

1,519 
2,426 

2,174 
4,791 



25,590 

19,322 

15,752 

4,462,411 

12,783 

7,831,375 

9,817 

1,153 

1,083 

482 

248 

22,836 
35,091,057 

22,889 
10,275,498 

16,085 

6,331,480 

88,326 

1,333,196 

2,652 

396,633 

138,319 

71,190 



196 
1,166 
1,930 
1,859 
1,396 
1,065 



994 

3,417 

4,230 

1,932 

534 

951 



346 
11 

151 
2,381 
4,854 



5,034 
7,265 
2,595 
3,903 
1,902 

168 
3,493 

956 

5,506 

5,857 

1,581 

1,610 

1,408 

1,410 

642 

656 

5,836 

6,978 

7,245 

11,614 

7,235 

10,958 

487 

492 

148 

1-64 

6,592 

7,600 



7,271 
12,404 
7,211 
7,104 
1,617 
5,487 
2,916 
4,079 
775 
1,221 

224 
290 

584 
931 



7,743 

5,997 

4,854 

1,335,691 

4,034 

1,304,119 

3,3% 

359 

197 

65 

17 

6,119 
3,64.4,337 

7,359 
3,639,503 

6,013 
2,882,829 
39,280 
646,233 
374 
146,828 
53,010 
24,385 



160 
45 
138 
7 
7 
8 
15 
38 
65 



40 
132 
37 
37 
10 
27 
17 
32 
30 
63 

18 
30 

21 
33 



29 

35,556 

44 

101,545 

7 

11 

11 

9 



40 

128,129 

43 

76,934 

38 
87,183 
1,194 
18,244 
19 
6,244 
3,060 
1,443 



16 
155 
342 
262 
100 

45 



388 
539 
282 
32 
24 



10 
403 
503 



733 
921 
515 
662 
457 
51 
549 
179 

836 
974 
357 
369 
333 
334 
190 
192 
866 

1,333 
911 

2,145 
906 

1,968 
103 
103 
62 
69 
875 

1,155 



906 
2,027 
900 
889 
122 
767 
435 
697 
247 
441 

109 
138 

161 
303 



926 

840 

613 

281,518 

708 

480,004 

444 

126 

91 

41 

6 

758 
952,569 

919 
332,942 

825 

787,702 

10,666 

173,122 

167 

40, 109 

12,985 

6,213 



55 
353 
701 
548 
378 
146 



101 

861 
1,299 
600 
106 
155 



746 
1,395 



1,573 
2,140 

804 
1,265 

660 

61 

1,208 

407 

1,953 

2,063 

606 

616 

562 

562 

264 

274 

1,961 

2,316 

2,141 

3,754 

2,141 

3,558 

137 

142 

52 

54 

l,97r 

2,265 



2,110 
3,761 
2,095 
2,069 

394 
1,675 

879 
1,330 

252 

362 

64 
79 

183 
233 



2,201 

1,809 

1,381 

433,205 

1,443 

429,322 

1,228 

139 

61 

10 

5 

1,332 
1,270,764 

2,154 
1,310,902 

1,927 

1,063,716 

14.454 

243,845 

322 

52,095 

16,112 

3,188 



70 
332 
558 
535 
544 
317 



374 



1,156 

1,328 

590 

230 

336 



85 

5 

36 

739 
.,644 



1,576 
2,367 

715 
1,176 

491 

55 

1,141 

270 

1,794 

1,841 

421 

426 

378 

378 

137 

137 

1,380 

2,015 

2,383 

3,343 

2,333 

3,177 

155 

155 

11 

11 

2,090 

2,315 



2,348 
3,791 
2,332 
2,277 

524 
1,753 

944 
1,254 

181 

260 

33 
43 

149 

217 



2,509 

1,952 

1,535 

370,327 

1,255 

225,543 

1,149 

72 

29 

5 



2,013 
885,620 

2,413 
956,130 

2,006 

707,418 

9,503 

155,823 

261 

38,550 

17,103 

6,756 



40 
245 
250 
376 
275 
297 



371 
627 
321 
115 
435 



105 

1 

45 

362 

1,005 



788 
1,333 
436 
573 
216 

482 

35 

782 

818 

140 

140 

100 

100 

30 

30 

908 

1,030 

1,372 

1,778 

1,367 

1,633 

80 

80 

15 

15 

1,213 

1,370 



1,368 

2,079 

1,343 

1,333 

381 

952 

536 

656 

60 

90 



1,513 

973 

887 

172,000 

468 

60,500 

452 

11 



1,073 
323,750 

1,403 
391,040 

936 

201,455 

3,018 

48,426 

100 

9,300 

3,525 

1,660 



^Excludes farms reporting expenditures for commercial fertilizer and lime. 



118 



SIZE OF OPERATION BY TYPE OF FARM 



Table 2.-SUBREGI0N 83 -FARMS AND FARM CHARACTERISTICS FOR CASH-GRAIN FARMS, BY ECONOMIC CLASS: 

CENSUS OF 1954-Continued 

[Sata az« based on repeats far cxQy a eea^le of farms. See text] 



Item 
(For definitions apd ej^lanatlons^ see text) 



AU 

coomerclal 

farms 



Economic class 



ESTDUTED VALUE OF FABU PRODUCTS SOW (see text) 

All f Eum products sold dollars . . . 

All crops sold dollars . . . 

Field crops, otber than vegetables 
and fruits and nuts, sold dollars... 

Vegetables sold dollars . . . 

Flrults and nuts sold dollars. . . 

HDrtlcultural specialties sold dollars 

All livestock and livestock products sold. .. .dollars. . . 

Dairy products sold dollars . . . 

P\3ultry and poultry produc ts sold dollars . . . 

Livestock and livestock products, o'Uier 

than dairy and poxiltry, sold dollars... 

Forest products sold dollars . . . 

LIVESTOCK AND LIVESTOCK PRCffiUCTS 
LiTeateek •■ kaad: 

Horses and nniles farms reporting... 

number.. . 

All cattle and calves farms reporting... 

number . . . 
Cows, including heifers that 

have calved farms reporting... 

number . . . 

Ullk cows farms reporting... 

number , . . 

All hogs and pigs farms reporting , . . 

nximber. . . 

Bom before June 1 number . . . 

Chickens A months old and over.. ..farms reporting... 

number. . . 

Sheep, total ftinns reporting... 

number . . . 

Number 1 year and over: 

Ewes number . . . 

Rams and wethers number . . . 

Livestock and livestock products sold: 

Cattle and calves sold alive farms reporting... 

number . . . 
dollars 

Hogs and pigs sold alive farms reporting... 

number . . . 
dollars . . . 

Chickens sold farms reporting. . . 

dollars 

Chicken eggs sold farms reporting . . . 

dozens . . . 
dollars. . . 

Milk sold^ pounds . . . 

dollars . . . 

Sheep sold farms reporting... 

number . . . 
dollars . . . 

SPECIFIED CROPS HARVESTED 

Corn for all purposes farms reporting . . . 

acres . . . 

Com harvested for grain farms reporting. . . 

acres . . . 

bushels harvested... 

bushels sold . . . 

Sorghum harvested for all 

purposes except sirup farms reporting... 

acres . . . 

Sorghum harvested for grain and 

for seed farms reporting . . . 

acres . . . 

bushels harvested . . . 

bushels sold. . . 

Wheat threshed or combined farms reporting... 

acres . . . 

bushels harvested . . . 

bushels sold. . . 

Oats threshed or combined farms reporting . . . 

acres . . . 
bushels harvested... 

bushels sold. . . 

Barley threshed or combined farms reporting . . . 

acres . . . 

bushels harvested... 

bushels sold 

Soybeans harvested for all purposes . .farms reporting... 

acres. . . 

Soybeans harvested for beans farms reporting... 

acres . . . 
bushels harvested... 



170,859,311 

5^,251,099 

52,529,508 

297,497 

172,212 

1,251,882 

116,533,889 

17,019,219 

6,429,562 

93,085,108 
74,323 



42,427,044 
32,286,955 

32,252,880 

23,060 

10,890 

125 

10,121,957 
1,907,503 
1,095,420 

7,119,034 
18,132 



12,356 

32,128 

23,837 

1,298,988 


2,543 

4,612 

6,687 

200,288 


23,359 

581,421 

18,655 

137,162 

9,943 

213,280 

87,033 

19,862 

2,356,301 


6,521 
93,931 

5,002 
25,383 

2,314 
33,876 
14,603 

5,654 
616,316 


1,957 
94,708 


563 
21,820 


54,540 
2,992 


13,452 
693 


22,275 

730,270 

81,411,348 


5,620 

72,135 

5,655,454 


8,984 

264,135 

10,100,089 


1,929 

34,137 

1,205,500 


8,360 
1,002,139 


2,197 
145,602 


14,651 
15,630,725 
4,364,262 


4,087 

3,398,991 

905,218 


517,361,912 

17,019,219 


67,650,900 
1,907,503 


1,813 

68,667 

1,159,228 


524 
11,908 
193,434 


12,153 
392,122 


3,863 
141,039 


4,355 

139,681 

2,557,761 

904,166 


1,346 
49,367 
873,820 
530,495 


13,796 
431,306 


4,156 
132,967 


5,524 

145,688 

1,694,521 

559,520 


1,941 

59,293 

653,451 

357,067 


16,773 

786,262 

20,641,921 

19,061,645 


7,476 

482,729 

13,007,211 

12,200,361 


15,124 

400,091 

12,730,983 

2,738,734 


5,652 

162,412 

5,325,283 

1,857,858 


4,756 

105,669 

2,920,497 

909,542 


2,405 

57,750 

1,615,630 

726,332 


5,133 
158,556 


2,591 
103,598 


3,796 
116,537 
478,316 


2,066 
79,838 
328,316 



1,442,893 
1,072,462 



370,406 
47,158 
26,210 

297,033 
25 



40 
6,383 

39 

2,657 

23 

257 

9 

434 

158 

27 

3,914 



1^7 
3 



37 

2,767 

278,328 

7 

4L2 

13,122 

11 
771 

13 
13,445 
3,439 

1,289,235 
47,158 

2 

160 
4,380 



26 
2,893 

6 

944 

21,700 

18,600 



21 
1,992 



10 
1,017 
11,643 
9,108 

44 

13,751 

417,552 

400,705 

30 

2,707 

109,662 

49,987 

29 

2,321 
74,630 
32,170 

17 
2,409 



12,801,454 

9,947,313 

9,946,878 

435 

2,350,329 
452,421 
233,845 

2,164,063 
3,312 



413 

735 

833 

47,556 

785 

20,493 

575 

3,918 

296 

7,449 

3,415 

658 

102,928 



1,994 
15,625 



87 
3,960 



2,579 
111 



777 

19,502 

1,752,703 

310 

3,436 

366,294 

340 
38,840 

492 
659,377 
181,830 

13,930,711 
452,421 



2,016 
33,085 



565 
34,203 

214 

11,389 

231,330 

184,940 



564 
27,208 



262 

11,310 
156,870 
97,955 

926 

137,366 

3,936,315 

3,771,599 

720 

32,392 

1,115,408 

433,336 

439 

16,671 

503,165 

236,827 

354 
20,443 

283 
16,378 
75,916 



15,582,648 
11,742,901 

11,730,351 
10,060 
2,490 

3,336,037 
796,519 
376,942 

2,662,576 
3,710 



751 

1,249 

2,005 

69,273 

1,949 

33,704 

1,587 

9,479 

777 

13,777 

5,759 

1,666 

202,923 

204 
11,350 



6,001 
339 



1,749 

25,635 

2,018,343 

725 

15,009 

521,189 

760 
43,316 

1,277 

1,242,554 

326,686 

27,486,687 
796,519 

198 

5,732 

98,059 



1,157 
46,188 

443 
16,549 

277,510 
180,030 



1,260 
44,336 



626 
21,317 
215,276 
109,399 

2,137 

180,875 

4,813,330 

4,527,750 

1,764 

55,158 

1,383,383 

583,970 

344 

19,974 

570,616 

263,030 

333 
33,341 

721 
31,106 

120,740 



9,231,576 
6,932,239 

6,919,690 

9,000 

3,424 

125 

2,342,837 

470,895 

334,465 

1,537,477 
6,500 



780 

1,408 

2,195 

54,355 

2,164 

26,178 

1,609 

7,327 

751 

8,330 

3,655 

1,829 

186,945 

180 
4,715 



3,390 
165 



1,935 

13,251 

1,251,353 

577 

7,230 

221,020 

630 
39,020 

1,367 

1,077,710 

289,550 

13,714,419 
470,895 

165 
2,990 



1,224 
36,320 

397 

12,930 

240,550 

148,185 



1,373 
37,301 



617 
15,954 
177,532 
94,860 

2,465 

107,373 

2,773,103 

2,587,321 

1,886 

47,242 

1,446,380 

453,815 

707 

12,679 

333,500 

136,445 

347 
30,090 

672 
22,345 

35,790 



2,845,115 
2,212,090 

2,203,925 
4.000 
4,165 

623,940 
127,270 
93,145 

403,525 
4,085 



408 

721 

1,217 

19,083 

1,187 

9,311 

392 

3,613 

376 

3,101 

1,196 

1,067 

84,595 

80 
1,485 



896 

5,228 

318,652 

250 

2,550 

72,060 

275 
14,975 

651 
303,155 
76,580 

5,495,132 
127,270 

70 

%0 

11,755 



650 
15,190 

135 

4,570 

62,430 

30,435 



636 
17,035 



331 

6,730 

67,900 

35,050 

1,422 

36,559 

358,496 

736,076 

1,022 
20,098 
636,995 
280,510 

351 

5,735 

125,734 

54,935 

380 
8,515 

265 

5,445 

23,305 



^Includes milk equivalent of cream and butterfat sold. 



CASH-GRAIN FARMS 



119 



Table 2.-SUBREGI0IN 83. 



-FARMS AND FARM CHARACTERISTICS FOR CASH-GRAIN FARMS, BY ECONOMIC CLASS: 
CENSUS OF 1954-Contintied 

[Data are Dosed en reports for onlj a sample of farms. See text] 



(For definitions and explanations, see text) 



All 

canBeTtjlal 

farms 



Econcnlc class 



SPECIFIED CROPS HARVESTED— Continued 
Soybeans harvested for all purposes — Continued 

Soybeans cut for hay farms reporting. 

acres . 
tons harvested. 

Alfalfa seed harvested farms reporting . 

acres . 
bushels harvested. 

Alfalfa and alfalfa mixtures cut for hay 

(and for dehydrating) acres . 

tons, 
tons sold. 

Clover, timothy, and mixtures of clover 

and grasses cut for hay acres. 

tons, 
tons sold . 

Lespedeza cut for hay acres. 

tons, 
tons sold. 

Oats, wheat, barley, rye, or other 

small grains cut for hay , acres . 

tons, 
tons sold . 

Wild hay cut acres . 

tons, 
tons sold. 

Grass silage made from grasses, alfalfa, 

clover, or small grains^ acres. 

tons, green weight. 

Other hay cut acres . 

tons, 
tons sold. 

Nursery products sold dollars . 

Cut flowers, potted plants, florist greens, 
and bedding plants sold dollars. 

Vegetables grown under glass, flower seeds, vegetable seeds, 
vegetable plants, bulbs, and mushrooms sold dollars. 

Farms reporting by acres of com harvested for all purposes: 

Under 11 acres farms reporting . 

11 to 2.4 acres farms reporting. 

25 to -ig acres farms reporting . 

50 to 7i acres farms reporting . 

75 to 99 acres farms reporting. 

100 acres and over farms reporting . 

Farms reporting by acres of sorghums harvested for all purposes; 

Under 11 acres farms reporting. 

11 to 21. acres farms reporting. 

25 to i9 acres farms reporting . 

50 to 7i acres farms reporting . 

75 to 99 acres farms reporting . 

100 acres and over farms reporting. 

Farms reporting by acres of wheat threshed or combined: 

Under 10 acres farms reporting . 

10 to 2^ acres farms reporting . 

25 to A9 acres farms reporting. 

50 to 99 acres farms reporting . 

100 to 199 acres farms reporting. 

200 to 299 acres farms reporting . 

300 to -499 acres farms reporting . 

500 to 999 acres farms reporting . 

1 ,000 acres and over farms reporting . 

Farms reporting by acres of soybeans harvested for all purposes: 

Under 25 acres farms reporting . 

25 to 49 acres farms reporting. 

50 to 99 acres farms reporting . 

100 acres and over farms reporting . 



419 
5,832 
3,208 

1,307 
20,492 
36,430 



312,121 

466,516 

82,291 



3,362 

3,238 

275 

9,160 

8,269 

225 



44,917 
52,098 

1,735 

396,396 
313,764 
44,795 



3,439 
12,346 

31,611 

28,309 

3,048 

367,195 
749,065 
135,622 



2,417 
3,724 
3,650 
1,460 
451 
456 



3,447 
4,047 
3,734 
1,473 
552 
543 



1,205 

5,604 

4,592 

3,654 

1,411 

242 

67 

3 

1 



2,699 

1,493 

742 

199 



137 
2,430 
1,335 

345 
4,621 
6,621 



80,102 
110,532 
31,772 



915 
955 
100 

1,455 

1,323 

55 



8,372 

8,867 

170 

94,560 
75,316 
11,462 



1,240 
3,915 

8,135 
6,510 
1,615 



626 
1,081 
1,219 
525 
216 
196 



1,037 

1,132 

1,139 

507 

140 

201 



121 

1,478 

2,188 

2,313 

1,123 

196 

55 

2 



1,022 
839 
542 
188 



1 
35 
50 

3 

150 
86 



2,832 
4,753 
1,602 



109 
210 



2,313 

1,483 

320 



30 
150 



250 
380 



20 
20 
2 



11 
505 
205 



1,751 
2,823 



23,0f75 
34,993 
15,200 



200 
220 



325 
263 



1,383 

2,373 

95 

23,162 
20,674 
2,927 



190 

790 

775 

632 

50 



35 
100 
173 
104 

36 
117 



62 
135 
165 
85 
47 
70 



6 

196 

540 

146 

34 



68 
114 
114 

58 



30 
470 
200 

132 
1,555 
2,254 



29,440 

38,468 

9,180 



540 
550 
100 

245 
290 



1,480 

1,669 

50 

29,515 

23,102 

3,640 



650 
1,310 

3,530 
3,003 
1,235 



135 
288 
373 
211 
103 
47 



280 
308 
349 
203 
45 
75 



35 

317 

1,242 

567 

25 



273 
272 
221 
72 



55 

1,025 

655 

106 

995 

1,293 



17,270 

22,603 

4,860 



135 
135 



455 
485 

30 



2,410 
2,490 



26,205 
19,430 
2,725 



345 

1,575 

2,350 

1,550 

130 



191 
405 
405 
157 
55 
11 



390 
391 
371 
166 
25 
30 



20 

337 

1,287 

310 

5 

5 

1 



336 
315 

151 
45 



25 
260 
120 

20 
160 
105 



6,240 

7,970 

915 



250 

220 

25 



1,860 

1,510 

25 

11,650 
8,940 
1,805 



25 
90 

835 
575 

105 



190 
210 
190 
40 

15 
5 



205 
220 

196 
30 
15 
20 



35 

770 

547 

60 

10 



240 

105 
35 



^Data are for only that part of the subregion located in Kansas. 



120 SIZE OF OPERATION BY TYPE OF FARM 

Table 2.-SUBREGI0N 84.-FARMS AND FARM CHARACTERISTICS FOR CASHGRAIN FARMS, BY ECONOMIC CLASS: 

CENSUS OF 1954 

[Data are based on reports for only a sujnple of farms. See text] 



(For definitions and explanations, see text) 



FARIS, AnmtOE, AND VALDZ 

Faras nuinber.. 

Percent distribution percent . . 

Land in fans acres . . 

Percent distribution percent.. 

Average size of farm acres.. 

Value of laad aad buiidiD^a: 

Average per farm dollars . , 

Average per acre dollars . . 

Land ia faraa aecordiag to uae: 

Cropland harvested fariDs reportijig.. 

acres. . 

Percent distribution percent. . 

Cropland used onl^ for pasture farms reporting . . 

acres . . 

Cropland not harvested and not pastured farms reporting.. 

acres . . 
Cultivated summer fallow 

and cropland lying idle^ farms reporting. . 

acres . . 

Other cropland^ Sanas reporting. . 

acres . . 

Woodland pastured farms reporting. . 

acres . . 
Woodland not pastured farms reporting . . 

acres . . 
Other pasture (not cropland 
and not woodland) farms reporting. . 

acres. . 
Iiqiroved (see text).. farms reporting.. 

acres . . 
Other land (house lots, roads, 
wasteland, etc.) farms reporting.. 

acres , . 
Cropland, total farms reporting. . 

acres . . 
I^nd pastured, total farms reporting.. 

acres . . 
Woodland, total farms reporting.. 

acres . . 
Irrigated land in farms farms reporting.. 

acres. . 

USE OF COJMERCIAL FERTILIZER 

Crops OD which coaaercial fertilizer was used, 1954: 

Hay and cropland pasture farms reporting . . 

tons. . 
acres on which used.. 

Other pasture farms reporting. . 

tons. . 
acres on which used. . 

Corn farms reporting . . 

tons. . 
acres on which used. . 

Wheat farms reporting . . 

tons. . 
acres on which used.. 

Fruits, vegetables, and potatoes farms reporting.. 

tons. . 
acres on which used.. 

Other crops farms reporting . . 

tons. . 
acres on which used.. 

RESIDENCE OF FARM OPERATOR 

Residing on farm operated operators reporting. . 

Not residing on farm operated operators reporting. . 

Operators not reporting residence number. . 

FARMS BY SIZE 

Ifeider 10 acres number . . 

10 to 29 acres number.. 

30 to A9 acres number . . 

50 to 69 acres number.. 

70 to 99 acres number.. 

100 to U39 acres number . . 

i/tO to 179 acres number . . 

180 to 219 acres number . . 

220 to 259 acres number . . 

260 to A99 acres number . . 

500 to 999 acres number.. 

1,000 acres and over number.. 

FARM OPERATORS BY COLOR AND TENURE 

All fara operatora: 

Owners, part owners, and managers number.. 

All tenants number . . 

All white operatora: 

Owners, part owners, and managers number. . 

All tenants number. . 

All Boowbite operatora: 

Owners, part owners, and managers number.. 

All tenants number . . 



All 

commercial 
farms 



27. '•'•3 

XXX 

6,921,09't 

XXX 

252.2 

17, 551 
68.52 

25,650 
2,985,097 

XXX 

8,321 
429,506 

9,052 
295,236 

2,555 
61,182 

7,369 
23't,05'> 

9,897 
575,315 

i»,301 
167,986 

22,095 

2,llll,l61l 

2,736 

120,297 

26,7211 

326,79c 

26,057 

3,709,839 

26,llOll 

3,1'»5,985 

12,2lt9 

7't3,301 

58 

2,580 



ll,272 
10,078 
99,89't 
1,273 
It, 090 
Sll.OOS 

12,669 
39, 595 

1192,396 
111,776 
3'', 279 

lH2,001 

261 
362 

'•,1'»7 
111,269 
111, 131* 
5112,986 



25,971 

1,210 

262 



310 
I150 
851 
855 
2,835 
3,030 

li,206 
2,90lt 

2,767 

6,911 

1,972 

352 



22,032 

5,ltll 



22,002 

5,lt06 



Economic class 



6,027 
100.0 

1,668,5113 
100.0 
276.8 

19,1115 
69.70 

6,027 

916,085 

100.0 

1,296 
55,528 

2,MlO 
96,251 

620 

17,873 

2,020 

78,378 

1,6311 

101,051 

1,091 

53,12ll 

li,586 

361,2113 

I197 

19,372 

5,726 

85,261 

6,027 

1,067,364 

5,536 

517,822 

2,376 

15*, 175 

25 

7lt0 



711 

l,6Hi 

18,053 

196 

601 

5,622 

2,9lili 
9,717 

1311,006 

11,599 

13,715 

1711,689 

78 

II17 

2,lll2 

3,5111 

11,286 

162,966 



5,535 

ltli5 
1*7 



25 
135 
135 
I130 
530 

920 

670 
690 

l,81i6 
571 
75 



11,231 
1,796 



11,231 

1,796 



29 

0.5 

36,097 

2.2 

1,2114.7 

98,797 
79.I15 

29 

23,625 

2.6 

3 

127 

9 

1,698 

2 

780 

8 

918 

10 

1,181 

3 

I177 

28 

7,5111 

5 

1,155 

29 
l,liii8 

29 
25, 450 

28 
8,849 

11 
1,658 



80 

630 

2 

88 
I107 

22 
163 
2,399 
27 
It89 
5,628 



26 

461 

6,539 



4o8 
6.8 

260,291 
15.6 
638.0 

49,704 
78.43 



156,438 

17.1 

152 

9,411 

124 

8,142 

26 

1,535 

111 

6,607 

109 

13,938 

90 

7,758 

326 

51,842 

43 

2,608 

382 
12,762 

408 
173,991 

393 
75,191 

168 

21,696 

15 

710 



111 

422 

3,941 

28 

84 

l,04o 

256 

1,679 

21,454 

366 

2,707 

33,856 

13 

36 

647 

324 

2,064 

28,835 



368 
29 
11 



5 
l4o 
218 

45 



341 
67 



341 
67 



1,441 
23.9 

536,537 
32.1 
372-3 

25,267 

68.74 

1,441 

313,436 

34.2 

390 

17,788 

614 

26,735 

152 
4,538 

508 
22,197 

457 
26,737 

296 
16,135 

1,165 

109,092 
137 

4,112 

1,426 

26,614 

1,441 

357,959 

1,386 

153,617 

648 

42,872 



207 
430 

6,317 

66 

200 

1,310 

865 
3,461 

46,587 
1,330 
5,100 

63,640 

35 

72 

985 

1,042 

3,633 

55,128 



1,380 
55 
6 



20 

no 

200 

865 

227 

9 



984 

457 



984 
457 



1,822 
30.2 

469,746 
28.2 
257-8 

16,893 

66.52 

1,822 

246,580 

26.9 

355 

15,320 

807 

31,561 

185 

5,165 

677 

26,396 

506 
34,655 

321 
11,255 

1,427 

105,563 

172 

7,692 

1,737 

24,812 

1,822 

293,461 

1,707 

155,538 

702 

45,910 

5 

25 



192 
407 

4,170 

65 

185 

2,575 

901 
2,351 

35,636 
1,501 
3,348 

45,920 

25 

27 

385 

1,122 

3,274 

45,199 



1,712 

105 

5 



55 
135 

335 
260 
300 
611 
109 
2 



1,237 
585 



1,237 
585 



1,731 
28.7 

293,632 

17-6 

169.6 

12,166 
69.11 

1,731 

140,835 

15.4 

301 

9,837 

670 

21,675 

170 

4,015 

570 

17,660 

446 
21,360 

285 
13,505 

1,230 

7,0355 

115 
3,035 

1,621 

16,065 

1,731 

172,347 

1,516 

101, 552 

681 

34,865 



155 

234 

2,56a 

25 

34 

245 

720 
1,670 
22,825 
1,110 
1,767 

21,695 



12 

125 

815 

1,636 

23,945 



1,516 
200 
15 



15 

70 

65 

210 

290 

465 
250 
165 
195 
5 
1 



1,226 
505 



1,226 
505 



Includes cultivated summer fallow in the part of the subregion located in Kansas and cropland lying Idle In the part of the subregiui. located in KlBBOurl. ^Includes 

cropland lying Idle (not accounted for) in the part of the subregion located In Kansas and cropland used only for crops not harvestea ana not pastured In the part of the 
B\lbreglon located In Missouri ■ 



CASH-GRAIN FARMS 121 

Table 2.-SUBREGI0N 84.-KARMS AND FARM CHARACTERISTICS FOR CASH-GRAIN FARMS, BY ECONOMIC CLASS: 

CENSUS OF 1954-Continued 

[Data are based on reports for only a san^le of farms. See text] 



(For definitions and explanations, see text) 



All 

commercial 
farms 



Economic class 



FARM OPERATORS BY AGE 

Under 25 years operators reporting . . 

25 to 3^ years operators reporting . . 

35 to ^ years operators reporting.. 

45 to 54 years operators reporting.. 

55 to 64 years operators reporting.. 

65 years and over operators reporting. . 

OFF-FARM WORK AND OTHER INCOME 

FarM operatorB — 

With other income of family exceeding value of farm 

products sold operators reporting.. 

Working off their farms, by days 

worked, total operators reporting. . 

None operators reporting. . 

1 to 99 days operators reporting . . 

100 to 199 days operators reporting . . 

200 days or more operators reporting . . 

FABIE BY CUSS OF WORK POWER 

No tractor, horses, or mules farms reporting. . 

No tractor and only 1 horse or mule farms reporting.. 

No tractor and 2 or more horses and/or mules farms reporting.. 

Tractor and horses and/or mules farms reporting.. 

Tractor and no horses or mules farms reporting. . 

SPECIFIED FACILITIES AND EQUIPMENT 

Telephone farms reporting. . 

Electricity farms reporting. . 

Television set farms reporting.. 

Piped running water '. farms reporting. . 

Home freezer farms reporting.. 

Electric pig brooder farms reporting . . 

Power feed grinder farms reporting. . 

Milking machine farms reporting.. 

Grain combines farms reporting.. 

number . . 
Com pickers farms reporting . . 

number . . 
Pick-up hay balers farms reporting. . 

number . . 
Field forage harvesters farms reporting. . 

number . . 
Motortrucks farms reporting. . 

number . . 
Tractors farms reporting. . 

number . . 
Wheel tractors other than garden farms reporting . . 

number . . 
Garden tractors farms reporting . . 

number . . 
Crawler tractors farms reporting.. 

number . . 
Automobiles farms reporting. . 

number . . 

FARM LABOR 

Week of Sept. 26-Oct. 2 iDil/or Oct. 24-]0t 

Family and/or hired workers farms reporting.. 

persons . . 

Family workers, including operator farms reporting.. 

Operators working 1 hour or more persons . . 

1 to lA hours persons . . 

15 hours or more persons . . 

Unpaid members of operator's family farms reporting.. 

persons . . 

Hired workers farms reporting.. 

persons . . 
Regxilar workers (to be employed 

150 days or nK)re ) farms reporting. . 

persons . . 
Seasonal workers (to be employed 

less than 150 days ) farms reporting. . 

persons . . 

SPECIFIED FARM EXPENDITURES 

Specified farm expenditures : farms reporting.. 

Machine hire and/or hired labor farms reporting. . 

Machine hire farms reporting . . 

dollars . . 

Hired labor farms reporting . . 

dollars . . 

|1 to $499 farms reporting. . 

$500 to $999 farms reporting. . 

$1,000 to $2,499 farms reporting.. 

$2,500 to $4,999 farms reporting.. 

$5,000 and over farms reporting. . 

Feed for livestock and poultry farms reporting. . 

dollars. . 

Gasoline and other petroleum fuel and oil farms reporting.. 

dollars . . 
Commercial fertilizer and 

fertilizing material farms reporting.. 

dollars . . 

tons. . 

acres on wrtiich used . . 

Lime and liming material farms reporting . . 

dollars . . 

tons. . 

acres on which used . . 



ItSl 

5,1159 

6,305 
k/gSl 



3,256 

10,057 
16,702 
6,1*71 
1,328 
2,258 



2,375 
308 
1,775 
8,890 
lit, 095 



l8,Wi2 
26,226 

9,259 
12,li56 

6,7't3 

1,01*3 
11,283 

5,009 

12,908 

13,238 

7,296 

7,331 

4,859 

14,901 

2,1158 

2,515 

111,587 

15,991 

23,098 

33.851 

22,984 

31,590 

1,897 

1,928 

288 

333 

22,033 

25,131 



26,363 

45,693 

26,261 

25,907 

5,557 

20,350 

11,708 

16,202 

2,181 

3,584 

917 
1,275 

1,433 
2,309 



27,400 

20,843 

18,365 

4,303,620 

12,190 

4,322,760 

10,377 

811 

665 

237 

100 

25,035 
26,839,286 

24,351 
9,501,846 

20,497 

9,182,014 

130,373 

1,592,955 

5,089 

749,214 

266,541 

127,128 



236 

1,058 
1,365 
1,357 
1,206 
752 



881 

2,610 

3,279 

1,613 

329 

668 



375 
50 

110 
1,499 
3,993 



3,933 
5,742 
2,351 
2,721 
1,582 

187 
2,441 

616 

3,920 

4,060 

2,093 

2,103 

1,059 

1,065 

526 

542 

3,490 

3,971 

5,502 

8,511 

5,492 

7,927 

459 

465 

113 

119 

5,032 

5,757 



5,656 
9,596 

5,647 
5,548 
1,186 
4,362 
2,265 
3,320 
418 
728 

148 
177 

299 

551 



6,027 

4,562 

3,929 

896,404 

2,660 

769,487 

2,277 

226 

107 

41 

9 

4,756 
2,356,147 

5,666 
2,625,693 

5,146 

2,656,446 

37,163 

502,499 

1,092 

178,853 

62,708 

31,055 



23 
29 
17 
27 
19 

1 
23 

7 

27 

45 

21 

22 

18 

23 

9 

9 

28 

54 

29 

107 

29 

96 

5 

6 

4 

5 

29 

61 



23 



29 

28 

26 

24,468 

27 

43,106 

13 

3 

3 

6 

2 

24 
32,560 

29 
53,505 

28 
98,107 
1,276 
15,623 
17 
6,125 
2,607 
1,120 



111 

148 

82 

54 

U 



136 

255 

106 

7 

23 



186 
222 



334 
403 
234 
286 
203 
25 
260 



396 
430 
259 
263 
182 
182 
125 
126 
381 
479 
4o8 
953 
4o8 
872 
51 
51 
30 
30 
395 
495 



403 
893 
401 
398 
62 
336 
176 
278 
103 
217 

50 
66 

71 
151 



4o8 

354 

270 

130,438 

293 

236,743 

146 

74 

44 

27 

2 

376 
311,421 

4o8 
398,587 

390 

553,350 

6,965 

90,054 

132 

34,710 

12,167 

4,994 



35 
288 
422 
374 
231 

86 



567 

863 

446 

66 

55 



440 
946 



1,010 
1,441 
659 
751 
454 
91 
782 
197 

1,275 

1,337 

797 

802 

4o8 

4o8 

214 

219 

1,049 

1,246 

1,386 

2,455 

1,386 

2,287 

126 

131 

32 

37 

1,249 

1,513 



l,4o6 
2,803 
1,406 
1,390 

226 
1,164 

772 
1,217 

121 
196 

49 
54 

T8 
ite 



1,441 

1,168 

983 

239,053 

839 

228,564 

741 

46 

45 

7 



1,278 
871,111 

1,426 
930,926 

1,421 

922,902 
12,878 

174,702 

341 

60,392 

20,618 

ll,4o8 



75 
371 
395 
403 
432 
l4l 



841 
921 
536 
115 
190 



65 

15 

10 

423 

,309 



1,254 
1,752 
704 
851 
470 
45 
770 
225 

1,257 

1,278 

606 

606 

290 

291 

113 

U3 

1,031 

1,115 

1,737 

2,490 

1,732 

2,347 

112 

112 

31 

31 

1,552 

1,698 



1,722 

2,805 

1,717 

1,692 

285 

1.407 

678 

949 

101 

164 

30 
30 

71 
13* 



1,822 

l,4o6 

1,219 

274,905 

820 

166,074 

742 

63 

10 



1,501 

668,820 

1,742 
726,760 

1,622 

666,087 

9.702 

138.800 

332 

53,996 

18.221 

9,358 



85 
225 
350 
385 
355 
300 



545 

885 
831 
345 
140 
400 



170 
20 
55 

341 
1.145 



1,001 

1,596 
596 
696 
341 
15 
505 

85 

760 

765 

345 

345 

126 

126 

55 

65 

751 

817 

1,486 

1.974 

1,486 

1,818 

140 

l4o 

16 

16 

1.391 

1.544 



1.551 

2,278 

1,550 

1,510 

450 

1,060 

485 

670 

71 

98 

11 
12 

61 
86 



1,731 

1,261 

1,086 

189. 390 

561 

87,090 

515 

4o 

5 

1 



1,231 
385,235 

1.561 
407,625 

1,305 

357.705 

5,376 

70,490 

235 

21,370 

8,130 

3.490 



■Excludes farmB reporting expenditures for commercial fertilizer ( 



122 



SIZE OF OPERATION BY TYPE OF FARM 



Table2— SUBREGION 84.-FARMS AND FARM CHARACTKRISTICS FOR CASH-GRAIN FARMS, BY ECONOMIC CLASS: 

CENSUS OF 1954-ConUnued 

[Data are baaed on reparta for only a Baq>le of fains. See text] 



Iten 
(For deflnltlona and explaoatlaDB^ see text) 



111 

canmarclel 

farms 



EconcBdc class 



ESTDbTQ) VALOE OF FARU PRODDinS SOU) (see text) 

All fans products sold. dollars. . . 

All crops sold dollars . . . 

Field crops, other tJian vegetables 
and fruits and nuts , sold dollars . . . 

Vegetables sold dollars. . . 

Fruits and nuts sold dollars... 

Iforticultural specialties sold dollars . . . 

All livestocli and livestock products sold. dollars 

Dairy products sold dollars... 

Poultry and poultry products sold dollars . . . 

livestoc]! and livestock products, other 

than dairy and poultry, sold dollars... 

Forest products sold dollars... 

LIVESTOCK AHD UVESTDCK HICDDCIS 
UTcatsek oa kmi: 

Horses and mules farms reporting... 

number. . . 

All cattle and calves farms reporting . . . 

number — 
Cows, Including heifers that 

have calved farms reporting... 

number. . . 

Ulllc cows farms reporting... 

number. . . 

All bogs and pigs farms reporting . . . 

number.. . 

Bom before June 1 number... 

Chickens A months old and over.... farms reporting... 

ms^ber ... 

Sheep, total farms reporting. . . 

number . . . 
Number 1 year and over : 

Ewes number . . . 

Rama and wethers number . . . 

Livestock and livestock products sold: 

Cattle and calves sold alive farms reporting... 

number . . . 
dollars . . . 

Hogs and pigs sold alive farms reporting... 

number . . . 
dollars . . . 

Chickens sold farms reporting. . . 

dollars . . . 

Chicken eggs sold farms reporting... 

dozens . . . 
dollars . . . 
1 

Milk sold pounds . . . 

dollars. . . 

Sheep sold farms reporting. . . 

number . . . 
dollars . . . 

SPECIFIED CROPS HARVESTED 

Com for all purposes farms reportxng. . . 

acres . . . 

Corn harvested for grain farms reporting. . . 

acres . . . 

bushels harvested. . . 

bushels sold. . . 

Sorghum for al 1 purposes farms reporting. . . 

acres . . . 

Sorghum harvested for grain farms reporting. . . 

acres . . . 

bushels harvested. . . 

bushels sold. . . 

Wheat threshed or combined farms reporting. . . 

acres . . . 

bushels harvested. . . 

bushels sold. . . 

Oats threshed or combined farms reporting... 

acres . . . 

bushels harvested. . . 

bushels sold. . . 

Barley threshed or combined farms reporting... 

acrea. . . 

bushels harvested... 

bushels sold. . . 

Rye threshed or combined farms reporting... 

acres. . . 

bushels harvested. . . 

biishels sold. . . 

Soybeans harvested for 

all purposes farms reporting. . . 

acres... 



Soybeans harvested for beans farms reporting... 

acres . . . 
bushels harvested. . . 

Soybeans cut for hay farms reporting. . . 

acres . . . 
tons harvested. . . 



132,338,670 
••0,303,855 

39,961,971 

27,605 

65,01k 

2li9,265 

91,907,3''9 

18,9112,398 

10,217,097 

62,747,8511 
127,1100 



10,973 

23,866 

25,778 

81i8,81t3 

25,362 
386,351 

21,70li 
156,128 

13,9113 
396,350 
160,763 

22,516 
3,0511,703 

3,301 
137,918 

82,0911 
3,9113 



211,389 

1123,821 

Ii0,3'i6,178 

13,2113 

1195,525 

20,173,596 

11, 214 
1,362,215 

17,959 

20,373,239 

5,688,082 

593,11119,385 

18,942,398 

3,097 

102,1189 

1,591,258 



19,957 

763,965 

9,100 

277,905 

3,666,081 

876,8111 

12,310 

256,565 

5,789 

127,900 

1,813,367 

687,1177 

16,752 

4511,506 

13,772,659 

12,61ili,031 

17,493 

440,759 

16,540,393 

3,203,253 

8,137 

149, 347 

4,443,737 

896,794 

1,585 
16,281 
253,000 
116,225 



10,397 
314,165 



9,327 

283,274 

2,077,994 

468 
4,510 
4,219 



26,512,948 
18,771,432 

18,760,038 
2,825 
8,569 

7,709,451 

1,522,339 

948,718 

5,238,394 
32,065 



1,659 

3,042 

5,127 
134,502 

5,046 
62,632 

3,972 
19,519 

2,214 
41,374 
16,459 

4,455 
530,181 

425 
11,953 

7,513 
530 



4,355 
44,834 
3,708,042 
1,919 
37,062 
1,346,720 

1,819 
131,970 

3,282 

3,035,928 

799,263 

53,515,102 

1,522,339 

345 

7,976 

129,793 



4,615 

204,456 

2,344 

87,051 

1,166,290 

555,919 

2,890 

73,364 

1,821 

50,539 

784,329 

463,155 

5,406 

205,048 

6,309,191 

5,922,405 

4,363 

120,764 

4,748,069 

1,817,427 

1,960 

41,725 

1,205,608 

531,749 

343 

3,153 

53,710 

22,100 



3,776 
151,158 



3,569 

141,026 

1,039,265 

62 
745 
478 



956,280 

747,376 

747,187 

189 

207,717 
52,070 
8,049 

147,598 
1,187 



9 

25 

27 

2,977 

27 

1,483 

20 

323 

9 

600 

235 

18 

3,160 



26 

1,308 

112,380 

10 

732 
35,068 

7 
587 

9 

23,480 
7,402 

1.379,000 
52,070 



24 

2,399 

13 

1,148 

18,880 

11,580 

21 

3,177 

11 

2,490 

60, 400 

46,600 

29 

5,655 

207,495 

200,339 

26 

2,525 

137,960 

89,100 

13 
1,015 
34,762 
25,800 



26 
4,229 

26 

4,104 
50,751 



5,651,300 
3,994,907 
3,993,751 

1,156 

1,651,263 
220, 326 
137,402 

1,293,535 
5,130 



186 

319 

375 

23,382 

369 

10,182 

285 

1,911 

172 

6,552 

2,554 

307 

47,867 

42 
3,175 

1.597 
46 



358 

9,163 

936,585 

166 

6,798 

304,937 

135 
20,836 

209 
407,092 
115,876 

7.087.750 

220.326 

37 

2.342 

41,023 



349 

32.391 

193 

14,218 

251,885 

158,754 

229 

9.684 

131 

5,861 

131,134 

86,905 

403 

39,421 

1,286,113 

1,239,111 

357 

17,836 

766,584 

317,012 

210 

9,106 

277,169 

145,014 

20 

205 
3.655 

1,620 

314 
24, 540 

313 
24,126 
208,282 

2 
75 
48 



9,753.494 
6.737,026 

6,735,491 

1,535 

3,010,238 
601,864 
376,280 

2,032,094 
6,230 



445 

732 

1.351 

45,888 

1,346 

21,343 

1,070 

6,l4l 

690 

15,980 

6,817 

1,173 

179,299 

156 
5,030 

3,213 
318 



1.243 

16.366 

1.420,402 

657 

13,847 

538,275 

634 

60,543 

938 

1,152,040 

301,212 

20,652,681 

601,864 

141 

3.521 

53,210 



1,185 

65,644 

596 

25,665 

347,980 

135.985 

757 

22,493 

508 

15,513 

224,935 

129,805 

1,411 

74,180 

2,364,743 

2,216,645 

1,198 

40,534 

1,665,000 

577,935 

693 

15,764 

456,632 

178,495 

78 

1.023 

20,615 

5,900 



1,111 

54,682 



1,090 

52,065 

393.467 

10 

150 
75 



6,505,864 
4,547,140 

4,544,625 

2,515 

1,944,741 
458,739 
271.617 

1,214,385 
13,983 



448 

879 

1,652 

37.873 

1.607 

17.750 

1,260 

6.451 

728 

12,477 

4,738 

1,421 

170,875 

l47 
2,598 

1,903 
96 



1,412 

11,642 

839,315 

601 

10,695 

334,430 

628 

30,269 

1,076 

903,091 

240,238 

17,150,454 

458,739 

102 

1,653 

28,620 



1,446 

57,277 

700 

23,005 

295,835 

128. 560 

872 

20,700 

556 

14,835 

222,725 

116,150 

1,721 

54,327 

1,574,100 

1,458,755 

1.346 

33.719 

1,312,180 

476,505 

623 

10,670 
295,160 
121,645 

85 

670 

9,115 

5,335 

1,159 
38,652 

1,094 

34,571 

230, 570 

10 
85 



3,165,432 
2.350,043 

2,347,028 
575 

2,440 

811,929 
170,480 
129.185 

512,264 
3,460 



4l6 

802 

1,326 

20,870 

1,301 

10,030 
1,041 
3,729 
520 
5,010 
1,860 
1,160 

100,095 

65 
990 

660 
55 



1.096 
5,685 

371.105 

435 

4,610 

125,000 

340 

15,670 

830 

452,260 

112,915 

6,586,036 

170,480 

60 

425 

6,775 



1,180 

36,080 

635 

18,820 

208,025 

106,980 

766 

13,150 

465 

8,925 

112,405 

65,980 

- 1,501 

26,625 

749,585 

702,745 

1,106 

20,685 

697,765 

289,435 

366 

4,320 

117,575 

53.560 

135 
1.125 
18,225 
8,185 

915 
23.305 

835 

21,375 

127,985 

30 
295 
185 



^Includes milk equivalent of cream and butterfat sold. 



CASH-GRAIN FARMS 



123 



Table 2.-SUBREGI01N 84.-FARMS AND FARM CHARACTP:RISTICS FOR CASH-GRAIN FARMS, BY ECONOMIC CLASS: 

CENSUS OF 1954-Conlinued 

[Data are based on reports for only a sajople of fauna. See text] 



Item 
(For definitions and explanations i see text) 



All 

connerclal 

faime 



Econonlc class 



SPECIFIED CROPS HARVESTED— Continue j 

Alfalfa and alfalfa mixtures cut for hay (and 

for dehydrating) acres. .. 

tons . ■ . 
tone sold... 

Clover, timothy, and mixtures of clover and grasses cut 

for bay acres . . . 

tons . . . 
tone sold. . . 

Lespedeza cut for hay acres . . . 

tons . . . 
tons sold... 

Oats, wheat, barley, rye, or other small grains 

cut for hay acres . . . 

tons. . . 
tons sold... 

Wild hay cut acres . . . 

tons. .. 
tons sold. . . 

Grass silage made from grasses, alfalfa, clover, or 
small grains acres . . . 

tons, green weight. .. 

Other hay cut acres . . . 

tons . . . 
tons sold. .. 

Nursery products sold dollars . . . 

Cut flowers, potted plants, florist greens, and bedding 
plants sold dollars. . . 

Vegetables grown under glass, flower seeds, vegetable seeds, 
vegetable pli nts, bulbs, and mushrooms sold dollars... 

Farms reporting by acres of com harvested for all purposes: 

Under 11 acres farms reporting... 

11 to 24 acres farms reporting. . . 

25 to iv9 acres farms reporting . . . 

50 to ^h acres farms reporting. . . 

73 to 99 acres farms reporting... 

100 acres and over farms reporting. . . 

Farms reporting by acres of sorghums harvested for all purposes: 

Under 11 acres farms reporting. . . 

11 to 2U acres farms reporting. . . 

25 to h9 acres farms reporting. . . 

50 to 7*^ acres farms reporting. . . 

75 to 99 acres faims reporting... 

100 acres and over faims reporting. . . 

Farms reporting by acres of wheat threshed or combined: 

Under 10 acres farms reporting . . 

10 to 2k acres farms reporting.. 

25 to ^9 acres farms reporting.. 

50 to 99 acres farms reporting. . 

100 to 199 acres farms reporting. . 

200 to 299 acres farms reporting. . 

300 to U99 acres farms reporting . . 

500 to 999 acres farms reporting. . 

1,000 acres and over faims reporting. . 

I^rms reporting by acres of soybeans 
harvested for all purposes : 

Under 25 acres farms reporting. . . 

25 to h^ acres farms reporting. . . 

50 to 99 acres farms reporting. . . 

100 acres and over farms reporting. . . 



n't, 363 

188,399 
U,211 



71, Wt 

88,1W. 

5,018 

it0,127 

38,1*22 

1.635 



68,552 

95,925 
2,433 

21 It, 311 
186,784 
26,565 



2,474 
8,392 

37,201 
39,997 
6,311 



211,130 



22,910 



2,612 
5,223 
6,825 

3,078 
1,152 
1,067 



5,072 
3,731 
2,363 

782 
222 

l4o 



1,953 
8,536 
4,065 

1,834 
331 
24 

7 
2 



5,546 
2,980 

1,617 
254 



24,034 
39,817 
4,184 



9,492 

11,571 

700 

7,847 

7,389 

405 



9,298 

12,602 

351 

51,051 

44,535 

5,361 



4,730 

4,918 

40 



454 

983 

1,616 

870 
331 
361 



995 
810 
702 

246 
90 
47 



185 
2,200 

1,647 

1,U0 

243 

16 

4 

1 



1,447 
1,211 



431 
975 



34o 
417 
110 



102 

155 

30 

2,421 

1,878 

730 



260 

405 
25 



920 
198 



14 



5,472 
10,570 
2,210 



1,263 

1,487 

50 



345 
302 



818 

1,459 

16 

11,036 

10,350 

1,876 



235 

1,050 



845 
1,088 



3 
12 
63 

65 

83 

123 



5 

45 

180 

160 

12 



122 
83 



8,556 

14,122 

819 



4,068 

5,127 

195 

2,017 

2,532 

165 



2,819 

4,282 
20 

l6,l4o 
14,980 
1,805 



145 
500 



1,720 
1,625 



45 
116 
392 

402 
102 
128 



212 
181 
210 

100 
46 



108 
566 



693 

44 



254 

352 

440 
65 



5,775 

9,060 

750 



2,276 

2,860 

295 

3,350 
2,915 

190 



2,239 

2,811 

190 

12,999 

10,522 

625 



1,095 
935 

15 



95 
357 
595 

237 
100 

62 



280 
271 

226 

70 
10 
15 



30 
625 
839 

201 
25 

1 



475 

451 

202 

31 



3,295 
4,385 

405 



1,290 

1,'>75 

50 

1,620 

1,330 

30 



2,820 

3,295 

95 

5,950 

4,950 

305 



560 
685 



220 
320 
435 

145 
30 
30 



345 
235 
156 

25 
5 



100 

,196 

180 



505 

705 



255 
205 



515 

310 

20 



500 
600 



2,505 
1,855 



250 

180 



90 
175 
130 

15 
10 



125 
70 
35 

10 
5 



55 
266 

15 



540 
240 



130 
5 



145 
91 



124 SIZE OF OPERATION BY TYPE OF FARM 

Table 2— SUBREGION 85 -FARMS AND FARM CHARACTERISTICS FOR CASH-GRAIN FARMS, BY ECONOMIC CLASS: 

CENSUS OF 1954 

[Data are based on reports for only a sample of farms. See text] 



Item 
(For definitions and explanations, see text) 



All 

commercial 

farms 



Economic class 



FJUOC, ACREAGE, AND VALUE 

Faraa number, . 

Percent distribution percent. . 

Land io f arna acres . . 

Percent distribution percent. . 

Average size of farm acres.. 

Value of land and buildiags: 

Average per farm dollars.. 

Average per acre dollars . . 

Laod in faraa according to use: 

Cropland harvested farms reporting.. 

acres.. 

Percent distribution percent. . 

Cropland used only for pasture....- farms reportijig.. 

acres. . 

Cropland not harvested and not pastured farms reporting.. 

acres. . 
Cultivated summer fallow and cropland 

lying idle farms reporting. . 

2 acres.. 

Other cropland farms reporting. . 

acres. . 

Woodland pastured farms reporting.. 

acres. . 
Woodland not pastured farms reporting . . 

acres . . 
Other pasture (not cropland 
and not woodland ) farms reporting . . 

acres. . 
Improved (see text).w farms reporting.. 

acres. . 
Other land (house lots, roads, 
wasteland, etc.) farms reporting.. 

acres. . 
Cropland, total farms reporting. . 

acres . . 
Land pastured, total farms reporting.. 

acres.. 
Woodland, total farms reporting . . 

acres.. 
Irrigated land in farms farms reporting. . 

acres. . 

USE OF CCMIERCIAl FERTILIZER 

Crops on vllich coaaercial fertilizer was used, 1954: 

Hay and cropland pasture farms reporting. . 

tons. . 
acres on which used. . 

Other pasture farms reporting . . 

tons. . 
acres on which used.. 

Corn farms reporting . . 

tons. . 
acres on which used.. 

Hheat farms reporting . . 

tons. . 
acres on which used.. 

Pniits, vegetables, and potatoes farms reporting.. 

tons . . 
acres on which used.. 

Other crops farms reporting . . 

tons. . 
acres on which used.. 

RESIDENCE OF FARM OPERATOR 

Residing on farm operated operators reporting. . 

Not residing on farm operated operators reporting.. 

Operators not reporting residence number. . 

FARIE BY SIZE 

Under 10 acres number . . 

10 to 29 acres number . . 

30 to 49 acres number . . 

50 to 69 acres number . . 

70 to 99 acres number . . 

100 to 139 acres number . . 

KO to 179 acres number.. 

180 to 219 acres number.. 

220 to 259 acres number.. 

260 to <i99 acres number.. 

500 to 999 acres number. . 

1,000 acres and over number.. 

FARM OPERATORS BY COLOR AND TENURE 

All fara operatora: 

Ownerfe, part owners, and managers DTjmber.. 

All tenants number. . 

All white operators: 

Owners, part owners, and managers number. , 

All tenants number. , 

All nonwhite operatora: 

Owners, part owners, and managers number.. 

All tenants number. 



109,61*0 

XXX 

23,533,012 

XXX 

ail.. 6 

36,521* 
166.95 

105,227 
15,352,892 

XXX 

51,213 

1,960,861» 

18,701 

527,797 

5,821 

130,lt57 

11*, 317 

397,31*0 

18,301* 
725,553 

10,550 
239,705 

63,505 

3,282,927 

10,335 

31*6,208 

106,959 

1,1*1*3,27'* 

106,271* 

17,81*1,553 

101, 51*8 

5,969,3l*l* 

25,376 

965,258 

1*39 

21,293 



ll*,9l8 
35,531* 
31*5,1*13 
It, 590 
9.113 
96,538 

50,1*23 

213,300 

2,578,570 

13,816 

32,616 

1*1*2,375 

501 
1,200 
10,115 
28,293 
75,066 
952,137 



102,61*5 
5,561* 
1,1*31 



1,897 
2,320 
2,981 
2,151 

8,971 

10, 572 
26,166 
11,931 
11*, 090 
21*, 1*05 
3,688 
1*68 



66,1.09 
1*3,231 



66,299 
1*3,191 



28,839 

100.0 

6,799,306 
100.0 
235.8 

37,762 
159.85 

28,839 

l>,853,7l.'> 

100.0 

10,867 

316,077 

7,31*8 

231,398 

2,195 

60,967 

5,816 

170,1*31 

1*, 1.1*1 

176,527 

3,503 

98,132 

15,685 

680,51*7 

2,288 

58,21*7 

27,811* 

1*1*2,881 

28,839 

5,1*01,219 

2l*,685 

1,173,151 

6,905 

27l*,659 

185 

12,1*63 



2,678 
5,610 

58,031* 

81*0 

1,295 

11*, 1*76 

13,672 
65,01*0 

81*7,859 

5,510 

ll.,9l*a 

225,502 

71 

236 

1,561. 

6,351. 

16,602 

225,008 



25,71*6 

2,686 

1*07 



60 

190 

535 

1.35 

2,260 

2,635 

6,525 
3,100 

3,900 

7,782 

1,273 

11*1. 



ll*,785 
ll*,05lt 



l'*,7l.5 
11*, 019 



1.63 
1.6 

368,1*32 

5.1. 

795-7 

11*0,802 
179.98 

1.63 
271,361 

5-6 

199 
15,31*6 

119 
12,673 

1*8 
7,31*8 

75 
5,325 

86 
9,21*5 

81* 
9,81*2 

237 

2l*,579 

1*1 

2,91*7 

1*1*8 

25,386 

1*63 

299,380 

1*03 

1*9,170 

153 

19,087 

18 

2,050 



97 
91.9 

7,123 
23 
39 
515 

373 

6,952 

85,251 

171. 

1,'*59 

23,81*1 



16 

170 

157 

1,252 

15,258 



39I. 
65 

1* 



5 

5 

120 

237 

96 



135 



328 
135 



5,391 
18.7 

1,9''9,739 

28.7 

361.7 

65,598 
179.02 

5,391 

1,1*63,391 

30.1 

2,570 

98,593 

1,151* 

1.6,1*01 

365 

13, 529 

902 

32,872 

812 
1*3,909 

721 
27,037 

2,723 

157,768 
562 

18,150 
5,291 

112,61*0 

5,391 

1,608,385 

l.,762 

300,270 

1,317 

70,91.6 

76 

6,280 



838 

2,001* 

20,91*5 

282 

1.26 

l.,986 

3,690 

25,521 

319,061 

1,528 

5,691* 

87,055 

25 

122 

579 

1,91*8 

6,828 

9l*,122 



I*, 927 

376 



10 
25 

330 
360 
720 
3,151 
75I. 
1.1 



2,567 
2,821. 



2,567 
2,821. 



10,513 

36.5 

2,553,751 

37-6 

2I.2.9 

38,811 
159-71 

10,513 

1,857,390 

38.3 

'*,333 

110,958 

2,715 

81,979 

822 
17,865 
2,169 
61.,11U 

1,1*53 
56,368 

1,212 
32,503 

5,953 

252,158 

965 

22,030 

10,318 

162,395 

10, 513 

2,050,327 

9,378 

1*19,1*81* 

2,291* 

88,871 

56 

2,358 



1,008 

1,667 

19,71.6 

365 

555 

6,01.0 

5,393 

21,21.0 

290,767 

2,092 

1*,952 

75,899 

25 

73 

61*0 

2,51.9 

5,782 

79,103 



9,61.3 

750 

120 



5 
5 

175 
51*0 

2,565 
1,1*70 
2,110 
3,1*29 
207 
7 



l.,768 
5,71.5 



4,768 
5,735 



7,822 
27-1 

1,397,839 
20.6 

178.7 
25,139 

11*0.52 

7,822 
91*5,21*7 
19-5 
2,1*70 
61,335 
2,220 
61,025 

61*0 

15,270 

1,775 
1*5,755 

1,230 

1.3,235 

836 

15,005 

l.,502 

171,1*52 

535 

11,1.25 

7,1*1*7 

100, 51*0 

7,822 

1,067,607 

6,557 

276,022 

1,811 

58,21*0 

25 

1,625 



525 
720 

8,025 
135 
22k 

2,1*90 

3,061 
8,813 
120,980 
1,156 
2,118 
29,552 

5 

3 

30 

1,275 

2,128 

29,01*5 



6,872 

860 

90 



10 

1*0 

120 

860 

1,210 

2,665 

1,01*5 

885 

912 

75 



no 

1*0 



".,137 
3,685 



l.,122 
3,670 



3,635 
12.6 

1.51,695 

6.6 

121.. 3 

15,81.5 
129.1*1 

3,635 

272, 520 

5.6 

1,01.0 

23,995 

91.0 

25,150 

250 

5,310 

750 

19,81*0 

695 
18,855 

570 
12,835 

1,895 

62,850 

160 

3,11*0 

3,1.15 

35,1.90 

3,635 

321,665 

2,890 

105,700 

1,110 

31,690 

10 

150 



185 

260 

1,990 

30 

33 

385 

1,010 

2,238 

28,1*90 

505 

679 

8,505 

15 

22 

145 

370 

558 

6,700 



3,095 
1.70 
70 



10 
1.5 
290 
210. 
960 
735 

855 
200 
165 
165 



2,250 
1,385 



2,235 

1,375 



^Includes cultivated s'ummer fallow in the part of the subregion located in South Daiota, Nebraaka, and Kansas, and cropland lying Idle in the part of the subreglon located in 
Iowa and Hlaaouri. ^Includes cropland lying idle (not accounted for) in the part of the subregion located in South Dakota, Nebraska, and Kansas, and cropland used only for crops 

not harvested and not pastured in the part of the subregion located In Iowa and Missouri. 



CASH-GRAIN FARMS 



125 



Table2.-SUBREGI0N 85 -FARMS AND FARM CHARACTERISTICS FOR CASH-GRAIN FARMS, BY ECONOMIC CLASS: 

CENSUS OF 1954-Conlinued 

[Data are based on reports for only a sangjle of farms. See text] 



Item 
(For definitions and explanations, see text) 



All 

commercial 

farms 



Economic class 



TABU OPERATORS BY AGE 

Under 25 years operators reporting.. 

25 to >i years operators reporting . . 

35 to 44 years operators reporting.. 

45 to 54 years operators reporting.. 

55 to 64 years operators reporting.. 

65 years and over operators reporting. . 

OFF-FARM WORK AND OTHER INCOME 

FarH operators^ 

With other income of family exceeding value of farm 

products sold operators reporting.. 

Working off their farms, by days 

worked , total operators reporting . . 

None ^ operators reporting . . 

1 to 99 days operators reporting. . 

100 to 199 days operators reporting . . 

200 days or more operators reporting . , 

FARMS BY CLASS OF WORK POWER 

No tractor, horses, or mules farms reporting.. 

No tractor and only 1 horse or mule farms reporting.. 

No tractor and 2 or more horses and/or mules farms reporting.. 

Tractor and horses and/or mules farms reporting . . 

Tractor and no horses or mules farms reporting . . 

SPECIFIED FACILITIES AND EQUIPMENT 

Telephone farms reporting. . 

Electricity farms reporting. . 

Television set farms reporting . . 

Piped riinning water farms reporting. . 

Home freezer farms reporting. . 

Electric pig brooder farms reporting. . 

Power feed grinder farms reporting. . 

Milking machine farms reporting.. 

drain combines farms reporting. . 

number . . 
Com pickers farms reporting . . 

number . . 
Pick-up hay balers farms reporting. . 

number . . 
Field forage harvesters farms reporting. . 

number . . 
Jfctortrucks farms reporting. . 

number . . 
Tractors farms reporting. . 

number . . 
Wheel tractors other than garden farms reporting.. 

number . . 
Garden tractors farms reporting. . 

number . . 
Crawler tractors farms reporting . . 

number. . 
Automobiles farms reporting. . 

number. . 

FARM LABOR 

Week of Sept. 26-Oct. 2 aod/or Oct. 24-30: 

Family and/or hired workers farms reporting. . 

persons. . 

Family workers, including operator farms reporting. . 

Operators working 1 hour or more persons . . 

1 to K hours persons . . 

15 hours or more persons . . 

Ifepaid members of operator's family farms reporting.. 

persons . . 

Hired workers ' farms reporting. . 

persons. . 
Regular workers (to be employed 

150 days or more) farms reporting. . 

persons. . 
Seasonal workers (to be employed 

less than 150 days ) farms reporting . . 

persons . . 

SPECIFIED FARM EXPENDITURES 

Specified farm expenditures farms reporting. . 

Machine hire and/or hired labor farms reporting.. 

Machine hire farms reporting . . 

dollars . . 

Hired labor farms reporting. . 

dollars. . 

$1 to $499 farms reporting.. 

$500 to $999 farms reporting. . 

$1,000 to $2,499 farms reporting.. 

$2,500 to $4,999 farms reporting.. 

$5,000 and over farms reporting. . 

Feed for livestock and poultry farms reporting. . 

dollars. . 

Gasoline and other petroleum fuel and oil farms reporting.. 

dollars . . 
Commercial fertilizer and 

fertilizing material farms reporting.. 

dollars . . 

tons. . 

acres on which used.. 

lAme and lijning material farms reporting. . 

dollars . . 

tons. . 

acres on which used.. 



2,llt0 
19,6911 
26,522 
25,999 
21,1*1*2 

i2,i48a 



6,020 

30,616 

76,062 

22,813 

2,662 

5,11*1 



7,100 
532 

2,788 
26,916 
72,30lt 



90,890 
106,1>96 
63,1*96 
711,622 
1*3,71*7 
10,261* 
1*9,1*99 
19,266 

53,250 

5l*,252 

69,11*6 

70,372 

19,608 

19,706 

9,61*0 

9,71*1* 

53,811 

58,791 

99,680 

177,993 

99,168 

169, 900 

6,003 

6,113 

1.756 

1,980 

100,352 

127.605 



105,1*59 

191*,^ J8 

101*, 618 

103,273 

20,1*33 

82,81*0 

1*1*, 010 

63,303 

17,81*5 

28,262 

8,913 
11,882 

10,385 
16,380 



109, 571 

90,769 

80,150 

20,873,931 

56,1*12 

32,967,721 

1*3,351* 

5,835 

6,769 

1,790 

661* 

99.551* 

190,611,697 

102,296 

52,781*, 671 

65,069 

32,219,521* 

369,11*1 

1*, 1*05,71*8 

11,398 

1,928,805 

51*5,833 

295,835 



900 
5,500 
6,916 
6,892 
5,123 
3,158 



1,671* 

9,550 
18, 529 
7,007 
1,099 
1,1*1*1* 



1,615 

96 

1*11 

5,1*1*6 

21,271 



21,819 
27,233 
16,228 
17,038 
9,749 
1,1*60 
10,169 
3,377 

16,121* 
16,601* 
19, 570 
20,01*7 

i*,038 

I*, 061 

1,21*9 

1,261* 

lit, 226 

15,632 

26,787 

1*7,71*1 

26,701 

1*5,799 

1,122 

1,156 

703 

786 

26,380 

33,138 



27,212 

1*8,339 

26,996 

26,617 

5,531 

21,086 

10,580 

15,518 

i*,07i* 

6,201* 

1,651* 
2,075 

2,71*1* 
1*,129 



28,811* 
23,625 
20,997 

5,689,699 
11*, 366 

6,066,301* 

11,223 

1,527 

1,207 

332 

77 

22,1*91 
11*. 517.366 

27,61*1 
11*. 789.166 

17,075 

9,1*52,1*35 

101*, 1*30 

1,361,31*9 

2,527 

1*1*8,500 
128,797 
69,636 



15 
56 
116 
180 
56 
25 



113 

337 

92 

7 

ll* 



5 
121 
331 



1*13 
1*59 
335 
399 
256 

75 
262 

83 

391* 
1*85 

1*27 
537 
119 
127 
85 
90 

1*10 

703 

1*52 
1,811 

1*52 

1,611* 

35 
35 
132 
162 
1*50 
912 



1*1*8 
1,533 
1*21 
1*11 
60 
351 
215 
352 

301* 
770 

2W* 
1*08 

167 
362 



1*58 

1*21 

306 

293,716 

1*03 

1,153,188 

96 

31* 

120 

102 

51 

31*9 
620,081* 

1*53 
795.833 

1*01* 

936,033 

10,635 

131,269 

37 

36,132 

7,292 

5,51*9 



100 

1,21*7 

1,727 

1,351 

565 

31*2 



75 

1,580 
3,665 
1,1*09 

102 
69 



165 

20 

11 

1,179 

1*,016 



1>,737 
5,269 
3,769 
4,116 
2,692 

564 
2,1*10 

983 

4,091* 

4,257 

4,595 

4,762 

1,177 

1,182 

478 

488 

3,652 

4,159 

5,195 

12,046 

5,194 

11,478 

274 

283 

253 

285 

5,175 

7,090 



5,244 
11,506 
5,166 
5,087 
804 
4,283 
2,380 
3,856 
1,727 
2,563 

824 

1,024 

1,059 

1,539 



5,376 
4,876 
4,077 

1,466,978 
4,001 

2,608,576 
2,412 

742 

633 
189 

25 

4,508 
4,829,457 

5,284 
4,415,263 

4,309 

3,712,337 

4o,74l 

522,418 

626 

146,762 

42,720 

22,552 



345 
2,192 
2,776 
2,671 
1,700 

746 



311 

3,257 

6,991 

2,676 

310 

271 



315 

30 

40 

1,965 

8,163 



6,537 
10,168 
6,372 
6,706 
3,879 
576 
4,276 
1,591 

6,719 

6,864 

8,027 

8,162 

1,660 

1,690 

465 

465 

5,337 

5,733 

10,138 

16,240 

10,123 

17,599 

412 

422 

203 

219 

9,956 

12,428 



10,158 

17.966 

10.092 

9.982 

1.962 

6.000 

4.176 
6.226 
1.328 
1.756 

451 

483 

916 
1.273 



10,513 

6,827 

7,894 

2,151,630 

5,566 

1,561,460 

4,629 

556 

349 

31 



8,692 

6,077,665 

10,347 

5,733,830 

6,721 

3,146,320 

34,735 

467,310 

1,031 

165,325 

49,945 

26, 550 



300 
1,410 
1,590 
1,850 
1,647 

960 



54o 

2,610 

4,981 

l,74o 

390 

460 



455 

15 

60 

1,366 

5,866 



5,362 
7,387 
4,017 
4,002 
2,132 

175 
2,396 

565 

3,622 

3,638 

4,821 
4,876 

802 

802 

166 

166 

3,342 

3,492 

7,302 

10,8l4 

7,262 

10,448 

256 

271 

90 

95 

7,072 

8,378 



7,292 

11,719 

7,257 

7,167 

1,570 

5,597 

2,702 

3,702 

520 

850 

100 
120 

435 
730 



7,822 

6,106 

5,605 

1.259.095 

3,046 

560,375 

2,811 

140 

90 

5 



5,872 
2,298,035 

7,572 
2,906,270 

3,971 

1,281,085 

14,053 

186,967 

586 

72,816 

20,290 

10.665 



105 
510 

595 
710 
975 
670 



745 

1,720 

1,860 

620 

290 

610 



440 

15 

l4o 

670 

2.370 



2,210 

3,170 

1,430 

1,520 

675 

55 

740 

l4o 

1,155 

1,160 

1,495 

1,505 

225 

225 

20 

20 

1,275 

1,315 

3,060 

4,055 

3,040 

3,905 

130 

130 

20 

20 

3,005 

3,535 



3,245 
4,560 
3,235 
3,170 

810 
2,360 

920 
1,145 

175 

245 

30 
35 

150 
210 



3,630 

2,730 

2,505 

425,380 

1,125 

162,510 

1,055 

50 

15 

5 



2,340 
608,870 

3,235 
819.995 

1,465 

341.015 

3,856 

46,455 

185 

22,785 

6,920 

3.485 



Excludes farms reporting expenditures for commercial fertilizer and lime. 
412358 0-57-10 



126 



SIZE OF OPERATION BY TYPE OF FARM 



Table 2.-SUBREGI0N 85 .-FARMS AND FARM CHARACTERISTICS FOR CASH-GRAIN FARMS, BY ECONOMIC CLASS: 

CENSUS OF 1954-Conlinued 

[Data are based on reports for only a sample of farms. See text] 



(For definitions and explanations, see text) 



All 

commercial 

farms 



Economic class 



ESTDIATZD VALUE OF FARM PRODDCTS SOU) (see text) 

All farm products sold dollars. . 

All crops sold dollars . . 

Field crops, other than vegetables 
and fruits and nuts, sold dollars.. 

Vegetables sold dollars . . 

Frxiits and nuts sold dollars. . 

Horticultural specialties sold dollars . . 

All livestock and livestock products sold.... dollars. . 

Dairy products sold dollars.. 

Jesuitry and poultry products sold dollars.. 

Livestock and livestock products, other 

t^an dairy and poultry, sold dollars.. 

Forest products sold dollars . . 

LrVESTOCK AND LIVESTOCK PRODUCTS 
Livestock on band: 

Horses and mules farms reporting. . 

number . . 

All cattle and calves farms reporting.. 

number . . 
Cows, including heifers that 

have calved farms reporting. . 

number . . 

Uilk cows farms reporting.. 

number . . 

All hogs and pigs farms reporting. . 

number . . 

Bom before June 1 number. . 

Chickens 4 months old and over.. ..farms reporting.. 

number . . 

Sheep, total farms reporting. . 

number. . 

Number 1 year and over; 

Etfes number. . 

Pams and wethers number. . 

Livestock and livestock products sold: 

Cattle and calves sold alive farms reporting.. 

number. . 
dollars. . 

Hogs and pigs sold alive farms reporting.. 

number. . 
dollars . . 

Chickens sold farms reporting. . 

dollars . . 

Chicken eggs sold farms reporting. . 

dozens. . 
dollars . . 

Milk sold pounds . . 

dollars . . 

Sheep sold fams reporting.. 

number. . 
dollars. . 

SPECIFIED CROPS HARVB5TED 

Com for all purposea farms reporting... 

acres. . . 

Col:n harvested for grain fauns reporting. . . 

acres. . . 

bushels harvested. . . 

bushels sold... 

Sorghum harvested for all purposes 
except sirup^ farms reporting. . . 



Sorghum harvested for grain 

or for seed-* farms reporting... 

acres. . . 

bushels harvested. . . 

bushels sold. . . 

Winter wheat threshed or combined. . . . farms reporting. . . 

acres. . . 

bushels harvested. . . 

bushels sold... 

Spring wheat threshed or combined*. . .fanns reporting... 

acres. . . 

bushels harvested. . . 

bushels sold. . . 

Oats threshed or combined farms reporting. . . 

acres. . . 

bushels harvested. . . 

bushels sold... 

Barley threshed or combined farms reporting... 

acres. . . 

bushels harvested. . . 

bushels sold. . . 



1.077,579,267 
281,622,315 

270,2lt3,523 
1,057,990 
1,265,657 
9,255,1''5 
795,577,581 
55,1181,593 
33,210,liO9 

701,885,579 
179,391 



30,236 

63,856 

100,103 

3, 951*, 272 

9U,i*l£ 

1,189,530 

80,262 

5l6,lt56 

80, 591 

6,065,098 

3,737,715 

90,31*14 

15,763,662 

10,8llt 
757,103 



266,777 
22,571 



93,139 

2,1»67,571 
1*09,61*9,663 

81,252 

6,323,01*8 

275,150,512 

56,299 
5,61*7,600 

76,692 
113,915,388 
29,1*19,032 

2,073,111,377 
55,1*81,593 

9,978 

82l*,96o 

ll*,661*,736 



100, 560 
7,188,075 

97,877 

6,738,511* 

263, 91*1*, 516 

99,392,292 



10,765 
175,152 



6,021 

111,757 

3,288,352 

1,813,611 

29,202 

963,667 

23,123,862 

21,193,887 

(NA) 

6,670 

77,165 

51*, 210 

65,512 

3,671,316 

122,098,220 

23,661,871 

3,065 

50,190 

1,1*09,1*87 

397,851 



212,188,711 
158,1*98,753 

158,318,025 

92,835 

67,398 

20, 500 

53,650,929 

7,011,716 

5,61*1,271 

1*0, 997, 91*2 
39,021* 



5,953 

12,U3 
23,380 
53l*,967 

22,1*05 
211,026 
18,181 
95,083 
ll*,802 
556,256 
31*6,062 
21,395 
3,150,560 

2,165 
83,936 



1*5,753 
1,787 



19,1*25 

189,281 

20, 281*, 01*3 

ll*,l*20 

1*81*, 650 

19, 582, 316 

11,919 
867,667 

17,1*82 

18,735,953 

1*, 676, 760 

291,381*,8ol* 
7,011,716 

1,779 

52,251 

859,735 



26,266 
2,302,203 

28,01*9 

2,256,1*38 

83,662,635 

60,692,635 



3,679 

75,01*1* 



2,613 

62,639 

1,892,562 

1,398,130 

12,613 

526,61*1 

12,1*59,1*82 

11,662,819 

(NA) 

3,095 

1*1,210 
35,220 

22,776 

93l*,528 

28,91*2,029 

13,905,622 

71*9 

12,569 

332,985 

193,1*60 



17,101,809 
13,856,1*30 

13,633,919 
1*,350 
18,161 

3,21*4,270 
191*, 720 
116,977 

2,932,573 
1,109 



127 

310 

385 

22,21*2 

3l<5 

6,621 

259 

1,715 

256 

21,167 

12,282 

279 

50,683 



2,257 



593 

11* 



31*9 

15,702 
2,019,667 

260 

18,913 

666, 101 

11*3 
17,596 

212 
339,213 
96,588 

6,658,561* 
19l»,720 

37 
2,11*2 
1*0,905 



1*61 
125,329 

1*61 

123,371 

5,729,139 

4,656,1*51* 



61 
5,009 



50 

1*,260 
136,612 
123,370 

272 

1*4,792 

1,173,393 

1,141,402 

(NA) 

75 

1,100 

500 

327 

29,171 

1,049,209 

598,065 

39 

2,056 

69, 530 

56,830 



77,286,355 
57,536,030 

57,526,475 

24,835 

15,720 

17,000 

19,695,415 

2,110,891 

1,450,050 

16,134,474 
4,910 



1,210 

2,374 

4,630 

154,094 

4,380 

57,361 

3,551 

21,764 

3,261 

165,344 

114,865 

3,932 

676,207 

625 
38,673 



18,195 
600 



4,164 

62,949 

7,792,711 

3,325 

185,675 
7,797,201 

2,471 
216,336 

3,300 
4,656,075 
1,204,696 

76,698,425 
2,110,891 

535 

,25,723 
438,530 



5,350 
660,143 

5,324 

647,143 

27,092,261 

20,957,191 



711 
20,626 



512 
16,930 
555,195 
418,390 

2,473 

171, 561 

4,252,553 

4,055,297 

(NA) 

1,545 

15,940 

14,050 

4,552 

258,670 

9,055,595 

4,524,997 

173 

3,622 

97,960 

54,620 



78,320,708 
57,048,369 

57,007,089 
27,150 
li,630 

21,253,25^ 

3.151,170 
2,595,012 

15,507,072 
18,585 



2,035 

3,853 

9,103 

213,958 



65,261 

7,294 

40,322 

6,229 

233.550 

148,467 

8,367 

,356,000 

636 
26,634 



16,232 
676 



7,965 

71.410 

7,227,490 

6,274 
200,742 

7,936,454 
5,158 

402,688 

7.156 
6.614,670 
2,144,409 

134,290,325 
3,151,170 

686 



15,121 

244;- 



695 



10,413 
882,030 

10,368 

866,178 

32.055,345 

22,612,760 



1,402 
27,732 



1,101 
23,209 
736,590 
520,475 

4,671 

166,352 

4,366,696 

4,063,010 

(NA) 

700 

6.520 

3.020 

9.017 
391,817 

11,652,485 
5,645,800 

272 

3,966 

91.450 

52,380 



31,390,832 
23,520,090 

23,490,543 
20,300 
9,247 

7,868,542 
1,306,320 
1,149.067 

5.413,135 
2,200 



1,481 

2,926 

6,187 

108,958 

5,977 
46.315 

4,612 
23,417 

3.661 
95,670 
59,643 

5,767 
771.655 

471 
12,902 



8,4lS 
307 



5.027 
31,045 

2,635,395 

3,486 

68,575 

2,621,410 

2,997 

177,625 

4,727 

3,978,630 

957,962 

61,380,416 
1, 306, 320 

361 

7.435 

lCf7.670 



7,692 
468,736 

7,641 

459,156 

14,676,840 

9,710,070 



1,005 
14.315 



735 

11,875 

319,620 

235,005 

3,502 

93,486 

2,002,585 

1,841,520 

(NA) 

115 

1,250 

1,250 

6,197 

197,695 

5,474,650 

2,417,630 

185 
2,295 
58,775 
21,690 



7,297,636 
5.832,787 

5,815,003 

13,700 

4,084 

1,453.174 
230,105 
298,840 

924,229 
11,675 



825 
1.965 
2,535 
31,320 

2,385 
13,320 
1,845 
6,515 
1,175 
17,250 
9,395 
2,425 
243,450 

175 
3,100 



2,065 
175 



1.645 

7,235 

555,810 

935 

9.790 

330.500 

950 
47,005 

1,665 

1.036.935 

246,845 

11,190,507 
230,105 

130 

1,655 

25,390 



3,455 
141,305 

3,390 

136,980 

3,734,290 

2,303,775 



410 
6,150 



345 

5.470 

124,640 

87,235 

1,460 
27,950 
614,495 
520,530 

(NA) 

660 

16,400 

16,400 

2,225 

46,265 

1,283,985 

594. 550 

75 

610 

14,870 

7.490 



HA Hot available. ^Includes milk equivalent of cream and butterfat sold. ^Data relate only to that part of the subregion located in Nebraska, Kansas, Missouri, and 
South Dakota. ^Data relate only to that part of the subregion located in Nebraska, Kansas, and Missouri. *Data relate only to that part of the subregion in South Dakota. 



CASH-GRAIN FARMS 



127 



Table 2.-SUBREGI0IN 85. 



-FARMS AND FARM CHARACTERISTICS FOR CASH-GRAIN FARMS, BY ECONOMIC CLASS: 
CENSUS OF 1954-Conlinuetl 
[Data are based an reports for onl^ a sample of fa^ms. See text] 



(For definitions and explanations, see text) 



All 

cfnmerclal 

fame 



Ecousilc class 



SPECIFIED CHOPS HARVESTE2) — Continued 

Rye threshed or combined farms reporting. . 

acres. . 

huBbelB harvested. . 

bushels sold.. 

Flaxseed threshed or combined^ farms reporting. . 

acres. . 

bushels harvested. . 

bushels sold. . 

Soybeans harvested for all purposes farms reporting. . 

acres. . 

Soybeans harvested for beans fanns reporting. . 

acres. . 

bushels harvested. . 

Soybeans cut for hay famis reporting. . 

acres. . 
tons harvested. . 

Irish potatoes harvested for home 

use or for sale farms reporting. . . 

acres^. . 
bushels harvested. . . 

Vegetables harvested for sale farms reporting. . . 

dollars . . . 

Laud In bearing and nonbearlng fruit orchards, groves, 

vineyards, and planted nut trees^ farms reporting... 

acres. . . 

Alfalfa and alfalfa mixtures cut for hay (and 

for dehydrating) acres. . . 

tons . . . 
tons sold... 

Clover, timothy, and mixtures of clover and grasses 

cut for hay acres. . . 

tons . . . 
tons sold. . . 

Lespedeza cut for hay^ acres... 

tons. . . 
tons sold. . . 

Oats, wheat, barley, rye, or other small grains 

cut for hay acres . . . 

tons . . . 
tons sold... 

Wild hay cut^ acres.. . 

tons . . . 
tons sold. . . 

Grass silage made from grasses, alfalfa, clover, 

or amsTI ^ains^ acres. . . 

tons, green weight... 

Other hay cut acres. . . 

tons . . . 
tone sold. . . 

Nursery products sold dollars . . . 

Cut flowers, potted plants, florist greens, and bedding 
plants sold dollars . . . 

Vegetables grown under glass, flower seeds, vegeteble seeds, 
vegetable plants, bulbs, and mushrooms sold dollars... 

Farms reporting by acres of com 
harvested for all purposes : 

Under 11 acres farms reporting. . . 

11 to 2U acres fanoB reporting. . . 

25 to k9 acres farms reporting... 

50 to 7*^ acres farms reporting. . . 

75 to 99 acres fanns reporting. . . 

100 acres and over farms reporting. . . 

Farms reporting by acres of sorghums 
harvested for all purposes : ' 

Under 11 acres farms reporting.. 

11 to 2k acres farms reporting. . 

25 to U9 acres fai^ns reporting. . 

50 to 7'* acres farms reporting. . 

75 to 99 acres , farms reporting.. 

100 acres and over farms reporting. . 



1,970 
22,101 
393,236 
236,950 

1,070 
2li,870 
249,190 
235,7'tO 

26,2lli 
780,979 

25,619 

770,900 
18,335,'»31 

5l»5 
5,lt2lt 
6,829 

28,888 

3,'t07 

570,929 

753 

1,057,990 



6,633 
12, 501 



1,238,1>02 

2,789,839 

3ltO,olt9 



&ltl,932 

858,1*25 

50,882 

30,907 
33,182 
1,876 



113,6't3 

11(6,881 

5,919 

191,193 

223,672 

30,226 



29,992 
Ili8,5li0 

108,492 

133,138 

13,967 

3,761,445 

4,970,750 

522,950 



3,300 
7,559 
23,008 

28,967 
16,801 
20,925 



5,688 
3,022 

1,494 

358 
110 
93 



527 

6,717 
120, 470 
85,952 

4o8 
11,125 
104,185 
99,390 

11,371 
446,053 

11,277 

443,356 

10,290,440 

113 
1,013 

1,430 



6,912 
1,058 

125,761 

197 
92,835 



1,319 

1,839 



282,297 
615,444 
127,538 



123,756 
161,975 
20,232 

7,774 

9,479 

901 



17,395 

21,431 

2,304 

50,210 
57,355 
9,257 



3,097 
13,230 

24,592 

26, 541 

4,482 



2,500 
18,000 



530 
1,456 
5,555 
7,691 
5,276 
7,758 



1,567 

1,108 

680 

191 

67 
56 



17 

314 

5,750 

4,792 

7 

615 

5,380 

4,850 

293 
42,067 

287 

41,867 

1,139,773 



100 

27 

3,183 

7 
4,350 



42 
269 



15,671 
41,851 
23, 300 



2,565 

3,106 

607 

970 
795 



539 
639 
no 

i,4i7 

1,474 

699 



160 
750 

1,650 
2,355 
1,300 



16 
433 



1,753 
29,820 
23,585 

76 

3,330 

31,130 

28,290 

3,493 
197,562 

3,490 

198,362 

4.823,702 

27 
358 
600 



1,163 

591 

41,543 

35 
24,835 



266 
333 



73,096 
174,993 
43,198 



32,737 

48,486 

6,089 

1,531 

1,587 

306 



5,858 
8,682 
1,185 

12,093 

13,281 

3,188 



1,362 

6,175 

6,477 

6,779 

645 



17,000 



30 

16 

117 

742 

1,090 

3,355 



183 
205 
201 



205 

2,535 

46,840 
31,760 

225 

4,955 
50,450 
49,635 

4,549 
144,994 

4,529 

144,394 

3,226,705 

26 
205 
250 



2,587 

208 

35,465 

40 
27,150 



421 
482 



111,825 

240,325 

39,925 



52,934 
68,973 
8,176 

2,178 

3,332 

390 



4,998 

6,010 

629 

19,790 
23,965 
2,660 



1,345 
5,715 

8,335 
10,017 
1,487 



45 

80 

1,162 

3,322 
2,690 
3,114 



575 
440 
287 
70 
15 
15 



115 

1,330 

22,925 

13,850 

75 
1.195 
11,260 
11,260 

2,246 
48,435 

2.216 

47,485 

900.465 

25 
210 
205 



1.887 

99 

23.195 

40 
20, 300 



375 

542 



62,000 
121,105 

16,020 



26,010 
30, 960 
4,225 

1,885 

2,605 
l4o 



3,835 

3,520 

260 

13,015 

14,220 

2,165 



220 
550 

5,795 
5,165 

750 



110 

380 
2,356 
2,850 

1,245 
751 



54o 
315 
115 
25 



75 

765 

14,835 

11,965 

25 
1,030 
5,965 
5,355 

675 
11.330 

640 
10.605 
180.950 

30 
220 
360 



885 

81 

14,265 

60 
13,700 



165 
114 



17,745 
33,305 
4,430 



8,295 
9,160 
1,090 

1,045 

1,020 

65 



1,845 

2,280 

120 

3,815 

4,325 

545 



10 
40 

2,065 

1,810 

300 



180 

640 

1,630 

700 

210 

95 



215 
110 
65 



115 
1,665 

115 
1,575 
18,845 

5 
20 
15 



290 

52 

8,110 

15 
2,500 



50 
99 



1,960 

3,865 

665 



1,215 

1,290 
45 

165 
140 



320 
300 



80 
90 



270 
415 



165 
335 
285 

75 
25 
10 



45 

40 
5 



^Data relate only to that part of the subregion located in South Dakota. ^Does not include acreage for farms with less than 20 bushels harvested. See text. ^Does not 
include data for farms with less than 20 trees or grapevines. See text. *Data relate only to that part of the subregion located in Nebraska, Kansas, Hissourj,and Iowa. 
'Data relate only to that part of the subregion located in Nebraska, Kansas, Missouri,and South Dakota. 



128 



SIZE OF OPERATION BY TYPE OF FARM 



Table 2.-SUBREGI0N 85 —FARMS AND FARM CHARACTERISTICS FOR CASH-GRAIN FARMS, BY ECONOMIC CLASS: 

CENSUS OF 1954-Continued 

[Data are baaed en reporta for only a Bta^e of fams. Sea text] 



(For deflnltlcHis and explasatlane, see text) 



EcoDcailc clafis 



SPECIFIED CROPS HAPVESTED — Continued 

Farms reporting by acres of winter wneat 
threshed or combined ; 

Under 10 acres farms reporting. 

10 to 2^ acres farms reporting. 

£5 to i*9 acres farms reporting. 

50 to 99 acres f arrss reporting. 

100 to 199 acres farms reporting. 

200 to 299 acres farms reporting. 

300 to U99 acres farms reporting. 

500 to 999 acres farms reporting. 

1,000 acres and over farms reporting. 

Farms reporting by acres of soybeans harvested 
for all purposes : 

Under 25 acres farms reporting. 

25 to U9 acres farms reporting. 

50 to 99 acres faims reporting. 

100 acres and over fams reporting. 



3,032 

12,1>0S 

8,357 

1>,282 

952 

115 

50 

5 



14,920 
7,308 

3,065 
921 



680 
I*, 303 
li,069 

2,739 
693 
83 

1*2 

3 

1 



3,535 

2,092 

803 



2ll 
82 
175 



290 
631* 

,026 
U66 
25 
11 



710 
l,llli 
1,1W 

521 



160 
1,251 
1.853 
1,290 

115 
2 



2,009 

l,7ltl 

712 

87 



250 
1,656 
1,21>1 

330 
25 



1,555 
536 

135 
20 



185 
950 
310 



5l>5 

115 

15 



65 

135 

15 



110 
5 



CASH-GRAIN FARMS 

Table 2.-SUBREGI0N 86 .-FARMS AND FARM CHARACTERISTICS FOR CASH-GRAIN FARMS, BY ECONOMIC CLASS: 

CENSUS OF 1954 

[Data are based on reports for only a sample of farms. See text] 



129 



{For definitions and explanations, see text) 



FARMS, ACREAOi:, AND VALUF 

Faras number, . . 

Percent distribution percent. . . 

Land in farns acres. . , 

Percent distribution percent. . . 

Average size of farm acres . . . 

Value of land aod buiXdings: 

Average per farm dollars. . . 

Average per acre dollars 

Land in farms according to use: 

Cropland harvested farms reporting... 

acres.. . 

Percent distribution percent. . . 

Cropland used only for pasture. . . . farms reporting. . . 

acres. . . 

Cropland not harvested and not pastured farms reporting... 

acres . . . 
Cropland used only for crops 

not harvested and not pastured farms reporting . . . 

acres . . . 

Cropland lying idle farms reporting. . . 

acres. . . 

Woodland pastured farms reporting... 

acres. .. 

Woodland not pastured farms reporting. . . 

acres... 
Other pasture (not cropland 

and not woodland) farms reporting... 

acres . . . 

Improved ( see text ) . ^ farms reporting . . . 

acres . . . 
Other land (house lots, roads, 

wasteland, etc.) farms reporting... 

acres . . . 

Cropland, total farms reporting. . . 

acres . . . 

I^nd pastured, total farms reporting. . . 

acres . . . 

Woodland, total farms reporting... 

acres . . . 

Irrigated land in farms farms reporting 

acres . . . 

USE OF COMffiRCIAL FERTILIZER 

Crops OD vhich coDmercial fertilizer was used, 1954: 

Hay and cropland pasture farms reporting. . . 

tons . . . 
acres on which \ised . . . 

Other pasture farms reporting. . . 

tons . . . 
acres on which used... 

Corn farms reporting. . . 

tons . . , 
acres on which used... 

Oats^ farms reporting. . . 

tons . . . 
acres on which used... 

Fruits, vegetables, and potatoes farms reporting... 

tons. . . 
acres on which used... 

Other crops farms reporting. . . 

tons . . . 
acres on which used... 

RESIDENCE OF FARM OPERATOR 

Residing on farm operated operators reporting . . . 

Not residing on farm operated operators reporting . . . 

Operators not reporting residence number... 

FARMS BY SIZE 

Under 10 acres number . . . 

10 to 29 acres number 

30 to ^9 acres number. . . 

50 to 69 acres number . . . 

70 to 99 acres number. . . 

100 to 139 acres number. . . 

140 to 179 acres number . . . 

180 to 219 acres number . . . 

220 to 259 acres number... 

260 to 499 acres number . , . 

500 to 999 acres number . . . 

1,000 acres and over number... 

FARM OPERATORS BY COLOR AND TENURE 

All fara operators: 

Owners, part owners, and managers number... 

All tenants number. . . 

All wbitc operators: 

Owners, part owners, and managers number. . . 

All tenants number. . . 

All nonvhite operators: 

Owners, part owners, and managers number... 

All tenants number . . . 



All 

conmercial 

farms 



56,668 

XXX 

11,159,706 

XXX 

196.9 

46,266 
231.14 

55,123 
8,705,066 

XXX 

31,063 

709,242 

6,494 

125,539 

4,781 
96,376 

1,934 
29,163 

5,129 
208,080 

2,327 
30,736 

23,047 

689,157 

2,551 

48,131 

55,638 

691,886 

55,398 

9,539,847 

49,835 

1,606,479 

6,772 

238,816 

31 

454 



12,238 

31,016 

288,127 

1,039 

1,847 

22,234 

29,767 

140,631 

1,729,981 

2,539 

6,921 

76,101 

290 

1,458 

10,979 

(NA) 

46,615 

526,642 



53,554 

2,356 

758 



1,020 
1,055 
1,120 
725 
4,395 
5,440 

17,521 

6,245 

7,405 

10,791 

905 

46 



30,330 
26,338 



30,320 
26,328 



Economic class 



21,870 
100.0 

4,533,576 

100.0 
207.3 

48 ,940 
235.08 

21,870 

3,687,465 

100.0 

U,055 

227,780 

2,692 

52,999 

1,948 

38,253 

820 

14,746 

1,763 

72,226 

902 

12,318 

7,874 

209,107 

712 

13,040 

21,305 

271,681 

21,870 

3,968,24^ 

17,926 

509,113 

2,456 

84,544 

5 

75 



3,781 

9,394 

87,371 

280 

564 

5,290 

11,413 

55,049 

689,198 

778 

2,019 

24,817 

100 

196 

1,510 

(NA) 

18,576 

215,136 



20,036 

1,523 

311 



50 

125 

355 

280 

1,920 

2,005 

6,335 
2,525 
3,055 
4,820 
389 
11 



10,238 
U,632 



10,233 
11,622 



506 
2.3 

256,143 
5.6 

506.2 

125,868 
247.14 

506 

219,537 

6.0 

321 

12,885 

81 

3,644 

67 

3,088 

15 

556 

35 

1,186 

15 

125 

133 

6,391 

21 

1,165 

506 

12,375 

506 

236,066 

435 

20,462 

42 

1,311 



141 

726 

5,795 

10 

80 

300 

378 

5,654 

55,062 

19 

121 

1,373 



(NA) 

1,753 

19,465 



Class II Class III Class IV 



470 
26 
10 



5 

270 

206 

10 



264 
242 



264 
242 



7,524 
34.4 

2,070,768 

45.8 

275.2 

66,964 
243.64 

7,524 

1,711,798 

46.4 

4,564 

108,950 

901 

18,730 

651 

15,000 

260 

3,730 

593 

26,765 

292 

4,358 

2,706 

84,826 

3U 

5,640 

7,444 

115,341 

7,524 

1,839,478 

6,531 

220,541 

809 

31,123 



1,735 

5,101 

46,931 

155 

323 

3,435 

5,000 

29,566 

374, 541 

349 

1,102 

12,484 

50 
122 
890 
(NA) 

10,280 
117,251 



7,151 

287 

86 



5 
15 
20 

1,020 
985 

1,775 

3,540 

163 



2,989 
4,535 



2,989 
4,535 



9,225 
42.2 

1,679,380 
37.0 
182.0 

41,752 
228 .77 

9,225 

1,352,790 

36.7 

4,710 

82,260 

1,130 

19,850 

810 

13,820 

355 

6,030 

790 

32,490 

405 

4,640 

3,305 

82,865 

245 

4,175 

9,030 

104,485 

9,225 

1,454,900 

7,720 

197,615 

1,085 

37,130 

5 

75 



1,550 

3,014 

29,060 

105 

136 

1,405 

4,530 

15,932 

208,555 

270 

586 

7,335 

40 

63 

565 

(NA) 

5,634 

67, 585 



8,515 
555 
155 



5 

20 

485 

1,125 

4,170 

1,360 

1,120 

925 

15 



4,165 
5,060 



4,165 
5,050 



3,430 
15.9 

441,650 

9.7 

126.9 

27,438 
216.52 

3,480 

341,640 

9.3 

1,205 

20,015 

430 

8,250 

310 
4,640 

150 
3,610 

225 
8,765 

155 
2,610 

1,360 

28,190 

120 

1,850 

3,310 
32,180 
3,480 
369,905 
2,565 
56,970 
370 
U,375 



260 
506 
5,105 
10 
25 
150 

1,205 

3,193 

43,415 

125 

196 

3,270 

10 

11 

55 

(HA) 

831 
9,790 



3,020 
415 



120 

135 

1,085 

730 

995 

170 

150 

85 

5 



2,065 
1,415 



2,065 
1,415 



905 
4.1 

72,955 

1.6 

80.6 

16,481 
200.13 

905 
53,085 

1.4 

220 
3,210 

130 
2,335 

100 

1,650 

30 

635 

105 
2,590 

30 
540 

300 

5,155 

10 

100 

810 

6,040 

905 

58,630 

560 

10,955 

130 

3,130 



40 

42 

355 



240 

630 

6,585 

15 

14 

355 



(NA) 
66 

715 



670 
225 

10 



65 

190 
110 
305 

115 

105 

10 

5 



555 
350 



555 

350 



NA Not available. 



^Data relate only to that part of the subregion located in Minnesota. 



130 



SIZE OF OPERATION BY TYPE OF FARM 



Table 2.-SUBREGI0N 86 -FARMS AND FARM CHARACTERISTICS FOR CASH-GRAIN FARMS, BY ECONOMIC CLASS: 

CENSUS OF 1954-Continued 

[Data are based on reports for onl^ a san^ile of farrns. See text] 



(For definitions and explanations, see text) 



All 

conmiercial 

farms 



Economic class 



FARM OPERATORS BT AGE 

Under 25 years operators reporting. 

25 to 34 years operators reporting. 

35 to 44 years operators reporting. 

45 to 5<* years operators reporting . 

55 to 64 years operators reporting. 

65 years and over operators reporting . 

OFF-FARM WORK AND OTHER INCOME 

Far* operator*.— 

With other income of family exceeding value of farm 

products sold operators reporting. 

Working off their farms, by days 

worked , total operators reporting . 

None operators reporting. 

1 to 99 days operators reporting. 

100 to 199 days operators reporting . 

200 days or more operators reporting. 

FAHJE BY GLASS OF WORK POWER 

No tractor, horses, or mules farms reporting. 

No tractor and only 1 horse or mule farms reporting. 

No tractor and 2 or more horses and/or mules farms reporting. 

Tractor and horses and/or mules farms reporting. 

Tractor and no horses or mules farms reporting. 

SPECIFIED FACIUIIES AND EQUIPMENT 

Telephone farms reporting. 

Electricity farms reporting. 

Television set farms reporting . 

Piped running water farms reporting . 

Home freezer farms reporting . 

Electric pig brooder farms reporting . 

Power feed grinder farms reporting. 

ULlMng machine farms reporting. 

Grain combines farms reporting. 

number . 
Com pickers farms reporting . 

number . 
Pick-up hay balers farms reporting. 

number . 
Field forage harvesters farms reporting . 

number . 
Ifctortrucks farms reporting. 

number . 
Tractors farms reporting. 

number . 
Wheel tractors other than garden farms reporting . 

number . 
Garden tractors farms reporting. 

number . 
Crawler tractors farms reporting . 

number . 
Automobiles farms reporting . 

number . 

FARM LABOR 

Week of Sept. 26-Oct. 2 aod/or Oct. 24-30: 

Family and/ or hired workers farms reporting. 

persons . 

Family workers, including operator farms reporting. 

Operators working 1 hour or more persons . 

1 to 14 hours persons . 

15 hours or more persons . 

Unpaid members of operator's family farms reporting. 

persons . 

Hired workers farms reporting. 

persons , 
Regular workers (to be employed 

150 days or more) farms reporting. 

persons. 
Seasonal workers (to be employed 

less than 150 days ) farms reporting. 

persons . 

SPECIFIED FARM EXPENDITURES 

Specified farm expenditures farms reporting. 

Machine hire and/or hired labor farms reporting. 

Machine hire farms reporting. 

dollars . 

Hired labor farms reporting. 

dollars . 

$1 to $499 farms reporting. 

$500 to $999 farms reporting. 

$1,000 to $2,499 farms reporting. 

$2,500 to $4,999 farms reporting. 

$5,000 and over farms reporting. 

Feed for livestock and poultry farms reporting. 

dollars. 

Gasoline and other petroleum fuel and oil farms reporting. 

dollars . 
Commercial fertilizer and 

fertilizing material farms reporting. 

dollars . 

tons. 

acres on which used . 

Lime and liming material farms reporting. 

dollars . 

tons. 

acres on which used. 



1,170 
11,308 
14,908 
13,585 
9,829 
5,266 



1,681 

15,114 

39,985 

12,503 

946 

1,665 



3,331 

125 

495 

9,740 

42,977 



49,120 
55,375 
27,009 
38,619 
25,304 
6,535 
22,881 
16,872 

32,315 

32,740 

40,768 

41,509 

9,969 

10,024 

4,742 

4,783 

26,810 

28,653 

52,892 

106,844 

52,682 

102,726 

3,418 

3,458 

607 

660 

54,164 

71,455 



54,882 
104,512 
54,529 
53,869 
10,015 
43,854 
23,748 
34,609 
11,308 
16,034 

5,907 
7,051 

6,244 
8,983 



56,633 

47,960 

42,747 

11,315,376 

31,469 

17,935,594 

22,302 

3,5U 

4,346 

1,025 

285 

52,290 
98,469,409 

53,961 
32,136,156 

36,291 

16,612,643 

229,753 

2,651,622 

1,780 

279,086 

73,103 

46,359 



580 
4,404 
5,600 
5,029 
3,952 
2,070 



713 

6,075 

15,168 

4,868 

460 

747 



1,135 

40 

120 

3,164 

17,411 



18,344 
21,008 
10,378 
13,447 
9,033 
1,566 
6,987 
4,949 

13,542 

13,757 

15,948 

16,238 

2,964 

2,979 

956 

963 

9,610 

10,199 

20,625 

41,621 

20,550 

40,039 

1,286 

1,306 

260 

276 

20,751 

26,979 



20,925 
38,495 
20,758 
20,523 

3,913 
16,605 

8,212 
12,106 

4,256 

5,866 

1,930 
2,185 

2,650 
3,681 



21,870 

18,345 

16,407 

4,362,473 

11,473 

5,413,094 

8,338 

1,399 

1,416 

269 

51 

18,521 
18,884,089 

21,094 
12,600,576 

13,592 

6,360,799 

86,329 

1,023,489 

546 

71,390 

19,885 

13,060 



5 
86 
219 
106 
43 
37 



109 

386 

87 

10 

12 



123 
378 



488 
504 
377 
416 
345 
110 
243 
106 

468 

517 

480 

535 

177 

177 

59 

61 

394 

459 

501 

1,715 

496 

1,594 

63 

63 

57 

58 

503 

1,015 



506 
1,465 
486 
481 
67 
4W 
227 
385 
360 
599 

270 
354 

166 
245 



506 

477 

375 

181,773 

445 

879,934 

90 

56 

165 

109 

25 

455 

1,140,551 

501 

694,686 

411 
643,324 
8,380 
82,097 
31 
8,550 
2,025 
1,175 



90 
1,758 
2,406 
1,768 
1,034 
413 



35 

1,816 
5,472 
1,636 

75 
105 



170 

15 

20 

1,176 

6,143 



6,866 
7,444 
4,296 
5,491 
3,878 
816 
3,084 
2,333 

6,009 

6,105 

6,518 

6,663 

1,482 

1,482 

522 

522 

4,431 

4,755 

7,319 

17, U6 

7,309 

16,500 

523 

528 

113 

118 

7,388 

10,144 



7,349 
15,245 
7,287 
7,192 
1,226 
5,966 
3,300 
5,071 
2,301 
2,982 

1,230 
1,356 

1,264 
1,626 



7,524 

6,538 

5,642 

1,784,185 

5,033 

3,U2,710 

3,008 

878 

976 

155 

16 

6,866 
9,311,488 

7,353 
5,742,710 

5,826 

3,457,790 

46,743 

554,212 

235 

32,380 

8,680 

6,155 



320 
1,905 
2,225 
2,115 
1,760 

775 



175 

2,550 

6,420 

2,145 

150 

255 



395 
10 

25 
1,350 
7,445 



7,770 
8,910 
4,160 
5,420 
3,475 
560 
2,800 
2,090 

5,555 

5,615 

6,675 

6,750 

1,015 

1,020 

290 

290 

3,540 

3,665 

8,815 

16,550 

8,790 

15,955 

530 

535 

55 

60 

8,760 

10,940 



8,805 
15,405 
8,740 
8,655 
1,650 
7,005 
3,445 
4,955 
1,245 
1,795 

345 
390 

950 
1,405 



9,225 

7,690 

6,990 

1,705,815 

4,245 

1,121,665 

3,630 

350 

255 

10 

7,970 
6,922,745 

8,940 
4,755,170 

5,565 

1,845,775 

25,556 

316,210 

190 

22,050 

6,995 

4,215 



115 
520 
575 
835 
840 
560 



255 



1,090 

2,290 

715 

145 

230 



350 
10 
40 

435 
2,645 



2,455 

3,210 

1,205 

1,605 

1,055 

80 

735 

355 

1,305 

1,315 

1,925 

1,940 

255 

265 

80 

85 

1,050 

1,105 

3,105 

5,030 

3,075 

4,840 

U5 

155 

30 

35 

3,150 

3,760 



3,260 

5,005 

3,245 

3,210 

700 

2,510 

1,000 

1,370 

295 

425 

65 



235 
360 



3,480 

2,780 

2,585 

576,595 

1,425 

226,810 

1,315 

90 

15 



2,590 
1,302,960 

3,305 
1,210,600 

1,450 

345,030 

4,808 

61,635 

80 

7,535 

1,855 

1,365 



40 
120 
155 
180 
205 
195 



470 
410 
245 
80 
145 



145 

5 

25 

55 

675 



605 
750 
280 
390 
215 

105 

55 

175 

175 

320 

320 

30 

30 

5 

5 

175 

195 

730 

985 

730 

965 

15 

15 

5 

5 

765 

930 



805 

1,130 

800 

790 

190 

600 

200 

280 

50 

60 



905 

720 

685 

100,975 

275 

38,100 

245 

25 

5 



520 
162,310 

800 
173,165 

270 

59,985 

750 

7,890 

10 

875 

330 

150 



^Excludes farms reporting expenditures for commercial fertilizer and lime. 



Table2.-SUBREGI01N 86. 



CASH-GRAIN FARMS 

-FARMS AND FARM CHARACTERISTICS FOR CASH-GRAIN FARMS, BY ECONOMIC CLASS: 
CENSUS OF 1954-Conlinued 

[Deta are based on reports for odI^ a eaiqile of farms. See text] 



131 



Item 
(For deflnltione and explanations, see text) 



All 

comnerclal 

farms 



Economic class 



ESTIMATED VAIHZ OF FARM PRODUCTS SOID (see text) 

All farm products sold. dollars. 

All crops sold dollars. 

Field crops, other than vegetables 
and fniits and nuts, sold dollars. 

Vegetables sold dollars. 

Ft^ts and nuts sold dollars. 

Horticultural specialties sold dollars. 

All livestock and livestock products sold.. , .dollars. 

Dairy products sold dollars . 

Poultry and poultry products sold dollars. 

Livestock and livestock products, other 

than dairy and poultry, sold dollars . 

Forest products sold dollars . 

LIVESTOCK AND LIVESTOCK PEODUCIS 
Livealoek OB band: 

Horses and mules farms reporting. 

number.. 

All cattle and calves farms reporting . . 

number . , 
Covs, Including heifers that 

have calved farms reporting.. 

number. . 

Uilk cows farms reporting.. 

number. . 

All bogs and pigs farms reporting. . 

number. . 

Bom before June 1 number.. 

Chickens <* months old and over. .. .farms reporting.. 

number. . 

Sheep, total farms reporting . . 

number . . 

Number 1 year and over; 

Ewes number . . 

Rams and wethers number . . 

Livestock and livestock products sold: 

Cattle and calves sold alive farms reporting.. 

number . . 
dollars . . 

Hogs and pigs sold alive farms reporting.. 

number . . 
dollars . . 

Chickens sold farms reporting.. 

dollars . . 

Chicken eggs sold farms reporting . . 

dozens . . 
dollars . . 

Mild sold^ pounds . . 

dollars . . 

Sheep sold farms reporting . . 

number . . 
dollars . . 



SPECIFIED CROPS HARVESTED 

Com for all purposes farms reporting . . 

acres . . 

Com harvested for grain farms reporting.. 

acres . . 

bushels harvested . . 

bushels sold . . 



Winter wheat threshed or combined. 



farms reporting . . 

acres . . 

bushels harvested.. 

bushels sold . . 

Spring wheat threshed or combined^ .. .farms reporting.. 

acres . . 

bushels harvested . . 

bushels sold . . 

Oats threshed or combined farms reporting.. 

acres . . 

bushels harvested . . 

bushels sold . . 

Barley threshed or combined farms reporting. . 

acres . . 

bushels harvested . . 

bushels sold . . 

Rye threshed or combined farms reporting . . 

acres . . 

bushels harvested . . 

bushels sold . . 

Buckwheat threshed or combined farms reporting.. 

acres . . 

bushels harvested . . 

bushels sold . . 



629,227,108 
239,339,297 

235,522,9<i6 

2,530,449 

77,532 

1,208,370 

389,863,696 

30,599,642 

38,972,280 

320,296,774 
19,115 



10,360 

23,441 

49,266 

1,595,775 

45,064 

512,524 

36,213 

276,541 

43,562 

3,647,278 

2,228,803 

46,471 

12,060,311 

10,2U 
520,009 



231,749 
13,592 



45,768 

•837,479 

145,134,073 

44,574 

3,826,751 

166,291,395 

34,731 
4,247,181 

43,404 
101,045,854 
27,833,516 

1,231,708,955 
30,599,642 

8,462 

412,423 

7,275,978 



54,088 
3,799,542 

53,873 

3,643,994 

205,257,762 

93,574,323 

183 
2,203 
42,505 
23,642 

414 
4,613 
53,982 
30,428 

51,671 
2,352,763 

33,300,901 
24,861,840 

1,616 

41,825 

1,107,674 

686,679 

204 
2,579 
46,579 
34,919 

15 

210 

2,695 

2,520 



199,559,616 
U6,425,555 

145,767,510 

635,710 

21,835 

500 

53,124,986 

7,026,895 

9,111,782 

36,986,309 
9,075 



3,324 

7,887 

17,137 

406,463 

16,145 

159,576 

12,339 

80,103 

13,053 

743,707 

415,767 

16,500 

1,790,375 

3,691 
134,744 



74, 9U 
6,721 



14,779 

152,567 

18,570,186 

13,440 

655,737 

16,863,834 

11,474 
1,229,215 

14,913 

27,924,805 

7,528,484 

289,776,406 
7,026,395 

3,082 

72,300 

1,145,599 



21,658 
1,551,716 

21,633 

1,525,575 

86,660,208 

60,049,329 

113 

1,523 

26,460 

20,692 

133 

2,384 

27,651 

21,001 

20,399 

931,138 

32,083,032 

15,002,674 

684 

13,867 

475,839 

371,019 

98 

1,504 

26,919 

20,71A 

10 

190 

2,470 

2,345 



16,654,466 
11,357,509 

11,271,550 

35,755 

204 

5,296,957 
262,860 
286,680 



123 

314 

430 

23,434 

368 

7,121 

262 

1,970 

380 

44,585 

28,720 

346 

95,910 

107 
6,757 

3,655 
719 



435 

14,824 

2,493,643 

402 

46,851 

2,136,439 

266 
39,532 

318 
355,968 
241,389 

8,650,586 
262,360 

98 
4,842 
90,558 



506 
92,530 

506 

91,504 

6,297,745 

4,637,779 

7 

119 

1,300 

550 

1 

24 

360 

360 

493 

51,691 

2,060,387 

1,131,079 

26 

1,604 

54,620 

43,150 

7 

136 

3,260 

2,140 



97,191,112 
73,916,636 

73,583,570 

330,870 

2,246 

23,274,426 
3,536,755 
4,228,832 



1,211 

3,173 

6,472 

192,894 

6,052 

74,175 

4,567 

33,973 

5,383 

371,067 

204,347 

6,009 

1,530,225 

1,399 
65,932 

35,354 
4,202 



6,019 

78,353 

9,315,038 

5,613 

360,116 

4,946,315 

4,443 
546,923 

5,600 
12,443,707 
3,404,070 

139,309,203 
3,536,755 

1,274 
36,378 
552,551 



7,497 
721,151 

7,492 

708,176 

42,046,148 

30,433,650 

31 

629 

13,055 

11,242 

47 

475 

7,091 

5,546 

7,296 

415,212 

14,896,190 

7,046,935 

223 

8,008 

208,159 

168,244 

31 

733 

14,009 

11,444 

5 

80 

1,125 

1,000 



69,676,848 

49,035,065 

48,840,072 
177, 585 
17,408 

20,632,858 
2,701,415 
3,647,490 

14,283,953 
8,925 



1,385 

2,995 

7,435 

150,505 

7,090 

61,820 

5,470 

34,695 

5,700 

275,435 

150,930 

7,250 

1,637,860 

1,625 
48,085 

27,645 
1,310 



6,325 

48,585 

5,213,290 

5,875 

216,290 

8,542,860 

5,130 
510,315 

6,560 
U, 558,725 
3,079,175 

117,961,371 
2,701,415 

1,240 

24,125 

385,380 



9,210 
564,630 

9,210 

555,610 

30,046,610 

19,939,310 

35 

280 

4,725 

3,325 

30 

1,260 

11,210 

9,110 

8,835 

357,505 

11,869,450 

5,274,470 

275 

6,305 

159,870 

122,590 

30 

285 

4,510 

2,820 



14,043,437 
10,462,347 

10,423,137 
33,440 

720 

500 

3,530,440 

487,215 

817,735 

2,275,490 
150 



435 

1,165 

2,295 

34,800 

2,190 

14,500 

1,715 

8,400 

1,350 

48,450 

29,500 

2,350 

435,470 

475 
12, UO 

7,115 
455 



1,765 

9,945 

983,320 

1,325 
29,665 

1,151,040 

1,340 
111,055 

2,015 

2,648,250 

695,870 

22,132,904 
487,215 

395 

6,320 

100,925 



3,400 
145,805 

3,395 

U3,305 

7,042,235 

4,357,180 

35 

435 

7,230 

5,575 

55 

60O 

3,825 

5,985 

3,010 

89,925 

2,768,745 

1,222,865 

130 

2,560 

45,290 

26,315 

25 

270 

3,740 

2,910 

5 

UO 

1,345 

1,345 



1,754,610 
1,456,353 

1,454,995 

1,060 

293 

298,257 

37,850 

117,530 

142,877 



85 

165 

435 

4,085 

385 

1,655 

285 

950 

190 

3,430 

1,710 

445 

75,910 

75 
1,625 

1,030 
35 



200 

795 

53,285 

200 
2,490 
69,765 

255 
13,165 

370 
373,420 
93,830 

1,635,772 
37,850 

65 

935 

13,985 



840 
23,345 

335 
22,355 

1,038,630 
601,500 

5 
10 
100 



5 
25 
165 



670 

15, U5 

433,235 

251,045 

30 

390 

7,900 

5,720 



1,400 
1,400 



239, U3 
197,095 

194,136 

2,000 

959 

42,048 

800 

13,515 



35 
75 
70 
745 

60 
305 

40 
110 

55 

740 

560 

100 

15,000 



10 

205 



35 
65 

6,560 

25 

375 

17,415 

40 
3,225 

50 
34,735 

9,150 

36, 570 
800 

10 

200 

2,200 



205 
4,155 

200 

4,125 

138,840 

74,410 



95 

1,660 

59,575 

26,280 



^Includes milk equivalent of cream and butterfat sold. ^Data relate only to that part of the subregion located in Minnesota. 



132 



SIZE OF OPERATION BY TYPE OF FARM 



Table 2.-SUBREG10N 86 -FARMS AND FARM CHARACTERISTICS FOR CASH-GRAIN FARMS, BY ECONOMIC CLASS: 

CENSUS OF 1954-Conlinued 

[Data are based on reports for only a sample of faims. See text] 



(For definitions and explanations, see text) 



All 

ccmnerclal 

faims 



Econcmlc class 



SPECIFIED CROPS HAKVESTED-Continued 

Flaxseed threshed or ccnbined^ farms reporting . . 

acres . . 

bushels harvested . . 

bushels sold . . 

Soybeans harvested for all purposes farms reporting . . 

acres . . 

Soybeans harvested for beans farms reporting . . 

acres ■ • 
bushels harvested . . 



Alfalfa and alfalfa mixtures cut for hay 
(and for dehydrating) 



acres. 

tons. 
tons sold. 



Clover, tljnotjiy, and mixtures of clover 
and grasses cut for hay 



acres . . . 

tons . . . 
tons sold . . . 



Lespedeza cut for hay^ . 



acres . . . 

tons . ■ . 
tons sold . . . 



OatSj wheat, barley, rye, or other 
small grains cut for hay 



acres. . . 

tons . . . 
tons sold . . . 



Wild hay cut'. 



acres . 

tons . 
tons sold . 

Grass silage made from grasses, alfalfa, 

clover, or small grains acres . 

tons, green weight. 



Other hay cut. 



acres . . . 

tons . . . 
tons sold . . . 

Nursery products sold dollars . . . 

Cut flowers, potted plants, florist greens, 
and bedding plants sold dollars . . . 

Vegetables grown under glass, flower seeds, 
vegetable seeds, vegetable plants, bulbs, 
and mushrooms sold dollars . . . 

Farms reporting by acres of com 
harvested for all purposes: 

Under 11 acres farms reporting . . 

11 to 24 acres farms reporting . . 

25 to 49 acres farms reporting . . 

50 to 74 acres farms reporting . . 

75 to 99 acres farms reporting . . 

100 acres and over >... .farms reporting . . 

Farms reporting by acres of winter wheat 
threshed or combined: 

Under 10 acres farms reporting . . 

10 to 24 acres farms reporting . . 

25 to 49 acres farms reporting . . 

50 to 99 acres farms reporting . . 

100 to 199 acres farms reporting . . 

200 to 299 acres farms reporting . . 

300 to 499 acres farms reporting . . 

500 to 999 acres farms reporting . . 

1,000 acres and over farms reporting . . 

Farms reporting by acres of spring wheat 
threshed or combined:' 

Under 10 acres farms reporting . . 

10 to 24 acres farms reporting . . 

25 to 49 acres farms reporting . . 

50 to 99 acres farms reporting . . 

100 to 199 acres farms reporting . . 

200 to 299 acres farms reporting . . 

300 to 499 acres farms reporting . . 

500 to 999 acres farms reporting . . 

1,000 acres and over farms reporting . . 

Farms reporting by acres of soybeans 
harvested for all purposes : 

Under 25 acres farms reporting . . 

25 to 49 acres farms reporting . . 

50 to 99 acres farms reporting . . 

100 acres and over farms reporting.. 



5,561 

152,456 

1,492,919 

1,383,551 

37,841 
1,273,156 

37,692 

1,269,472 

33,353,355 



510,707 

1,117,051 

61,377 



351,138 
547,287 
31,962 

270 
325 



5,013 

5,875 

70 

65,102 
84,604 

6,360 



24,960 
124,246 

28,447 

38,047 

2,185 



1,032,600 



906 
2,305 
12,530 
18,971 
9,685 
9,691 



91 
70 
21 

1 



225 

158 
21 
10 



16,305 

13,700 

6,743 

1,083 



2,511 

76,965 

752,616 

704,636 

18,723 
758,826 

18,673 

753,118 

19,941,843 



142,564 

295,248 

25,417 



140,062 

201,161 

17,047 



1,270 

1,250 

65 

22,014 
23,312 
3,925 



3,394 
U,670 

10,662 
12,622 

1,110 



220 
905 
5,165 
7,030 
4,170 
4,168 



51 

45 

16 

1 



95 
72 

11 
10 



5,733 

7,511 

4,640 

839 



3,371 
29,406 
28,658 

501 
53,366 

501 

53,158 

1,567,463 



3,139 
17,860 
2,022 



5,621 

3,885 
205 



354 

441 

10 



419 
1,055 

707 
892 
130 



15 
481 



12 

56 

124 

309 



32,039 
330,035 
309,853 

7,037 
375,705 

7,027 

376,430 

10,212,695 



66,655 

139,193 

12,955 



71,061 

104, 3U 

3,972 



255 

270 



6,375 
8,426 



1,855 
7,660 

4,535 

5,365 

525 



15 

195 
1,795 
2,475 
3,017 



20 
11 



30 
11 



786 
2,605 
3,191 

455 



1,095 

28,730 

277,650 

258,255 

8,050 
265,150 

8,050 

264,655 

6,701,345 



51,705 

106,335 

8,655 



50,370 

69,245 

5,960 



435 

470 

5 

9,695 
12,625 
1,090 



725 
1,945 

3,760 

4,505 

365 



20 

115 

2,665 

4,280 

1,520 

610 



25 
10 



40 
30 



2,305 
3,935 

1,235 
75 



450 
10,740 
97,835 
90,325 

2,530 
56,300 

2,505 

55,820 

1,282,340 



13,205 

26,550 

1,090 



11,935 

16,690 

1,630 



430 

285 

60 

4,405 

5,240 

420 



345 
960 

1,360 

1,540 

40 



20 
420 
1,895 
365 
145 
55 



20 

30 

5 



1,610 
835 
85 



110 
1,875 
16,290 
15,365 

495 
7,075 

485 
6,825 

150,520 



2,245 

4,100 
650 



920 

1,410 

180 



80 
100 



1,170 

1,555 

525 



300 
320 



65 

315 

380 

65 

10 

5 



420 
70 



'Data relate only to that part of the subregion located in Minnesota. 



^Data relate only to that part of the subregion located in Iowa. 



CASH-GRAIN FARMS 



133 



Table 2.-SUBREG10N 87 -FARMS AND FARM CHARACTERISTICS FOR CASH-GRAIN FARMS, BY ECONOMIC CLASS: 

CENSUS OF 1954 

[Data are based on reports for only a sample of farms. See text] 



(For definitions and explanations, see text) 



All 

commercial 

farms 



Economic class 



FAME, ACRZiiOE, AND VALUE 

Fnrmt number. 

Percent distribution percent. 

Land in faras acres. 

Percent distribution percent. 

Average size of farm acres. 

Value of land end buildings: 

Average per farm dollars . 

Average per acre dollars . 

Land in faras according to use: 

Cropland harvested farms reporting . 

acres. 

Percent distribution percent . 

Cropland used only for pasture..... farms reporting. 

acres . 

Cropland not harvested and not pastured farms reporting. 

acres. 
Cultivated smraner fallow and 

cropland lying idle ^ farms reporting. 

acres. 

Other cropland farms reporting . 

acres. 

Woodland pastured farms reporting. 

acres. 

Woodland not pastured farms reporting. 

acres. 
Other pasture (not cropland 

and not woodland) farms reporting. 

acres. 

Ingjroved (see text).^ farms reporting. 

acres . 
Other land (house lots, roads, 

wasteland, etc.) farms reporting. 

acres . 

Cropland, total farms reporting. 

acres. 

land pastured, total farms reporting. 

acres . 

Woodland, total farms reporting. 

acres . 

Irrigated land in farms farms reporting . 

acres , 

USE OF COMffiRCIAl FERTILIZER 

Crops on which comaercial fertilizer was used, 1954: 

Hay and cropland pasture- farms reporting. 

tons, 
acres on which used. 

Other pasture farms reporting. 

tons, 
acres on which used. 

Com farms reporting. 

tons, 
acres on which used. 

Oats^ farms reporting. 

tons . 
acres on which used. 

Fruits, vegetables, and potatoes farms reporting. 

tons, 
acres on which used. 

Other crops farms reporting. 

tons . , 
acres on which used. 

RESIDENCE OF FARM OPERATOR 

Residing on farm operated operators reporting. 

Not residing on farm operated operators reporting. 

Operators not reporting residence number. 

FAME BY SIZE 

Under 10 acres number. , 

10 to 29 acres number. , 

30 to 49 acres number. . 

50 to 69 acres number. 

70 to 99 acres number. 

100 to 139 acres number. . 

1>V0 to 179 acres number. , 

180 to 219 acres number . , 

220 to 259 acres number., 

260 to 499 acres number . . 

500 to 999 acres number . 

1,000 acres and over number. . 

FABU OPERATORS BY COLOR AND TENURE 

All fara operatora: 

Owners, part owners, and managers number. 

All tenants number. 



All white operators: 

Owners, part owners, and managers number. . . 

All tenants number... 



All oonwhite operatora: 

Owners, part owners, and managers number. . . 

All tenants number. . . 



30,523 

XXX 

8,258,968 

XXX 

270.6 
26,060 

gk.gk 

29,873 
6,0l<8,890 

XXX 

12,084 

300,072 

6,838 

169,971 

4,560 
100,838 

2,986 
69,133 

2,678 
73,800 

3,254 
36,521 

17,671 

875,749 

1,512 

35,180 

30,038 

753,965 

29,968 

6,518,933 

26,590 

1,249,621 

5,310 

110,321 

31 

1,075 



5,701 

11,566 

116,948 

382 

632 

7,8l4 

7,835 
27,568 
361,521 
1,690 
4,216 
52,274 

95 

423 

4,284 

(NA) 

7,419 

94,981 



28, 473 

1,713 

337 



405 
295 
350 
245 
1,100 
1,470 

6,360 
3,180 
4,160 
10,751 
1,986 
221 



20,924 
9,599 



20,919 
9,599 



12,942 
100.0 

3,648,829 
100.0 
281.9 

27,993 
98.80 

12,942 

2,838,468 

100.0 

4,734 

112,992 

3,289 

86,433 

2,296 
56,407 

1,342 
30,026 

902 
24,224 

l,l8o 
14, 592 

6,4l6 

244,486 

443 

9,933 

12,655 

327,634 

12,942 

3,037,893 

10,308 

381,702 

1,880 

38,816 

5 

25 



1,944 

3,870 

36, 164 

102 

155 
1,588 

3,439 

12,417 

164,488 

779 

1,672 

23,670 

20 

21 

205 

(HA) 

3,539 

48,950 



11,607 

1,172 

163 



15 
25 
90 
85 
510 
560 

2,610 
1,290 
1,755 
5,065 
830 
107 



7,976 
4,966 



7,971 
4,966 



94 
0.7 

84, 3U 

2.3 

896.9 

95,204 
103.98 

94 

67,854 

2.4 

41 

2,562 

33 

3,044 

21 

1,477 

16 

1,567 

10 

415 

11 

256 

41 

5,171 

3 

33 

94 

5,009 

94 

73,460 

67 

8,148 

20 

671 



(NA) 
193 

3,304 



85 



2,685 
20.7 

1,064,350 
29.2 
396.4 

44,616 
113.31 

2,685 

860,983 

30.3 

1,265 

35,102 

667 

21,337 

452 

13,691 

277 

7,646 

274 

10,334 

226 

2,687 

1,158 

49,686 

114 

2,550 

2,654 

84,221 

2,685 

917,422 

2,221 

95,122 

450 
13,021 



37 


709 


142 


1,714 


1,607 


15,386 


2 


40 


10 


76 


188 


785 


62 


1,214 


756 


5,965 


7,526 


74,787 


26 


275 


133 


727 


2,410 


8,740 



(NA) 

1,537 

21,253 



,503 
145 
37 



60 
120 
390 
,595 
462 
53 



1,622 
1,063 



1,617 
1,063 



5,586 
43.2 

1,598,551 

43.8 

286.2 

27,990 
96.90 

5,586 
1,245,093 
43.9 
2,189 
50,475 
1,479 
36,486 

1,008 

24,339 

637 

12, 147 

346 
7,910 

567 
7,408 

2,877 

103,842 

201 

4,04o 

5,520 

147,337 

5,586 

1,332,054 

4,703 

162,227 

783 

15, 318 



30 
110 

1,085 

655 

925 

2,500 

266 

15 



3,321 
2,265 



3,321 
2,265 



3,221 
24.9 

704,807 

19.3 

218.8 

18,573 
84.73 

3,221 

525,708 

18.5 

1,003 

20,058 

839 

18,026 

624 

12,805 

291 

5,221 

181 
3,735 

261 
2,861 

1,739 

66, 577 

100 

3,170 

3,126 

67,842 

3,221 

563,792 

2,541 

90,370 

441 

6,596 



897 


271 


1,654 


324 


15,251 


3,550 


55 


5 


65 


4 


575 


40 


1,551 


472 


4,324 


1,070 


61,054 


16,296 


353 


100 


629 


162 


9,175 


2,755 


15 


5 


16 


5 


105 


100 


(NA) 


(NA) 


1,324 


376 


17,043 


5,910 


5,217 


2,761 


299 


430 


70 


30 



30 

220 
250 

1,025 
420 
365 
835 
62 
4 



1,984 
1,237 



1,984 
1,237 



1,111 
8.6 

172,460 

4.7 

155-2 

13,663 
86.41 

1,111 

124,075 

4.4 

226 

4,625 
226 

6,005 

161 

3,710 

96 

2,295 

76 

1,520 

105 

1,325 

466 

14,845 

25 

140 

1,061 

20,065 

1,111 

134,705 

641 

20,990 

166 

2,845 

5 

25 



30 

36 

370 



125 
284 
4,525 
20 
20 

575 



(NA) 

103 

1,360 



861 
225 
25 



5 

45 

45 

200 

155 

390 

90 
75 
105 



771 
340 



771 
340 



NA Not available. ^Includes cultivated summer fallow In the part of the subregion located in South Dakota, and cropland lying idle in the part of the subregion located in 

Minnesota. _ Includes cropland lying Idle (not accounted for) in the part of the subregion located in South Dakota, and cropland used only for crops not harvested and not 

pastured in the part of the subregion located in Minnesota. ^Data relate only to that part of the subregion located in Minnesota. 



134 



SIZE OF OPERATION BY TYPE OF FARM 



Table 2.-SUBREG10N 87 -FARMS AND FARM CHARACTERISTICS FOR CASHGRAIN FARMS, BY ECONOMIC CLASS: 

CENSUS OF 1954-Conlinued 

[Data are based on reports for only a sainple of farms. See text] 



Item 
(For definitions and explanations, see text) 



All 

commercial 

farms 



Econcinlc class 



FAHU OPERATORS BY AGE 

Under 25 years operators reporting. 

25 to 3i years operators reporting. 

35 to "W years operators reporting. 

45 to 54 years operators reporting. 

55 to 64 years operators reporting. 

65 years arid over operators reporting. 

OFF-FARM WORK AND OTHER INCOME 

Fmrm operators— 

With other income of family exceeding value of farm 

products sold operators reporting.. 

Working off their farms, by days 

worked, total operators reporting. . 

None operators reporting . , 

1 to 99 days operators reporting. . 

100 to 199 days operators reporting., 

200 days or more operators reporting. , 

FARhG BY CLASS OF WORK POWER 

No tractor, horses, or mules farms reporting.. 

No tractor and only 1 horse or mule farms reporting., 

No tractor and 2 or more horses and/or mules farms reporting., 

Tractor and horses and/or mules farms reporting . , 

Itactor and no horses or mules farms reporting . , 

SPECIFIED FACILITIES AND EQUIPKENT 

Telephone farms reporting. , 

Electricity farms reporting. . 

Television set farms reporting.. 

Piped running water farms reporting. , 

Home freezer farms reporting. . 

Electric pig brooder farms reporting. . 

Power feed grinder farms reporting. , 

Milking machine farms reporting. . 

Grain combines farms reporting. . 

number . . 
Com pickers farms reporting.. 

number . . 
Pick-up hay balers farms reporting.. 

number . . 
Field forage harvesters farms reporting. . 

number . . 
Kbtortrucks farms reporting. . 

number . . 
Tractors farms reporting. . 

number . . 
Wheel tractors other than garden farms reporting.. 

number . . 
Garden trac tors farms reportijij^ . . 

number , . 
Crawler tractors farms reporting . . 

number . . 
Automobiles farms reporting . . 

number . . 

FARM LABOR 

Week of Sept. 26-Oct. 2 : 

Fami ly and/ or hired workers farms reporting . . 

persons. . 

Family workers, including operator farms reporting. . 

Operators working 1 hour or more persons . . 

1 to L4 hours persons . . 

15 hours or more persons . . 

TAipaid members of operator's family farms reporting.. 

persons . . 

Hired workers farms reporting . . 

persons. . 
Regular workers (to be eii?)loyed 

150 days or more) farms reporting.. 

persons. . 
Seasonal workers (to be employed 

less than 150 days) farms reporting.. 

persons . . 

SPECIFIED FARM EXPENDITURES 

Specified farm expenditures^ farms reporting.. 

Machine hire and/or hired labor farms reporting. . 

Machine hire farms reporting.. 

dollars . . 

Hired labor farms reporting. . 

dollars. . 

$1 to $499 farms reporting . . 

$500 to $999 farms reporting . . 

$1,000 to $2,499 farms reporting.. 

$2, 500 to $4, 999 farms reporting . . 

$5,000 and over farms reporting.. 

Feed for livestock and poultry farms reporting. . 

dollars. . 

Gasoline and other petroleum fuel and oil farms reporting.. 

dollars. . 
Commercial fertilizer and 

fertilizing material farms reporting. . 

dollars . . 

tons. . 

acres on which used.. 

Lime and liming material farms reporting. . 

dollars . . 

tons, . 

acres on which used.. 



690 
5,U12 
7,917 
7,717 
5,556 
2,952 



857 



B^iO 
2,607 
3,200 
3,196 

2,307 
1,199 



8,429 


3,915 


21,a97 


8,654 


7,20l4 


3,251 


iijlt 


293 


771 


371 


1,381 


545 


25 




281 


50 


6,659 


2,028 


22,177 


10,319 


19,765 


7,827 


28,79'' 


11,945 


6,289 


2,716 


lit, 932 


5,751 


11,313 


It, 597 


1,974 


619 


ll,l<87 


3,79't 


9,766 


2,911 


18,008 


8,523 


18,373 


8,751 


19,150 


8,381 


19,i<09 


8,525 


'•,978 


1,670 


'•.999 


1,676 


3,'»58 


926 


3,W2 


937 


16,718 


7,175 


18,381 


7,974 


28,926 


12,362 


56,060 


24,262 


28,821 


12,342 


5't,903 


23,795 


682 


252 


692 


252 


1.38 


204 


1.65 


215 


29,181 


12,343 


38,009 


16, 116 


29,'»38 


12,287 


59,022 


23,249 


29,251 


12,200 


28,769 


11,966 


4,1*15 


1,978 


21), 354 


9,988 


14,491 


5,388 


22,581 


8,079 


5,157 


2,294 


7,672 


3,204 


2,439 


1,027 


3,014 


1,261 


3,043 


1,401 


It, 658 


l,9't3 


30,483 


12,942 


26,019 


11,023 


23,291 


9,861 


5,751,638 


2,511,156 


15,848 


6,568 


7,175,920 


2,771,044 


11,791 


4,864 


2,096 


853 


1,598 


717 


261 


117 


102 


17 


26,679 


10,228 


29,822,651 


7,563,284 


29, '•97 


12,647 


19,181,581 


8,503,507 


12,037 


4,993 


3,937,723 


1,661,470 


51,978 


21,737 


635,671 


274,278 


85 


30 


2,7A5 


1,435 


665 


395 


675 


335 



83 
92 
51 
76 
74 
6 
54 
14 

92 

ISit 
90 

104 
34 
34 
33 
3lt 
91 

ISlt 
94 

378 
9* 

350 

5 

5 

21 

23 

93 

217 



94 
351 
91 
89 
16 
73 
46 
101 
63 
161 

56 
95 



94 

84 

62 

29,796 

81 

199,236 

16 

6 

28 

23 



73 
124,568 

94 
178,552 

82 

97,965 

1,235 

14,856 



33 
5'.1 
859 
704 
408 
122 



27 

816 
1,795 

732 
32 
52 



475 
2,150 



1,953 
2,650 

934 
1,737 
1,460 

282 
1,160 

866 

2,307 

2,401 

2,224 

2,294 

570 

570 

338 

338 

2,086 

2,4l6 

2,625 

6,495 

2,625 

6,326 

64 

64 

101 

105 

2,628 

3,894 



2,635 
5,935 
2,592 
2,532 

329 
2,203 
1,259 
2,145 

889 
1,258 

575 
728 

387 
530 



2,685 

2,447 

2,106 

666,819 

1,830 

1, 325, 565 

987 

338 

425 

71 

9 

2,318 
2,850,150 

2,640 
2,607,698 

1,627 

782,364 

10,037 

120, 123 

5 

20 

5 

5 







101 

1,252 

1,492 

l,lt93 

848 

370 



55 

1,647 

3,772 

1,485 

101 

61 



145 

15 

830 

4,596 



3,582 
5,336 
1,095 
2,606 
2,180 
260 
1,827 
1,534 

3,938 

3,993 

3,989 

4,034 

732 

738 

388 

393 

3,152 

3,423 

5,426 

10,572 

5,426 

10,448 

93 

93 

31 

31 

5,455 

6,992 



5,396 

10,208 

5,365 

5,268 

852 
4,4l6 
2,5't7 
3,731 

886 
1,209 

311 
353 

612 
856 



5,586 

4,847 

4,402 

,129,901 

2,928 

902,202 

2,323 

383 

204 

18 



It, 731 
3,326,396 

5,506 
3,795,862 

2,311 

606,515 

8,033 

103,693 

25 

1,415 

390 

330 



105 
611 
627 
736 

746 

376 



145 

1,016 
2,120 

796 
90 

130 



20 

557 

2,469 



1,644 

2,816 

505 

977 

663 

66 

598 
437 

1,735 
1,762 
1,628 

1,638 

264 

264 

147 

152 

1,355 

1,445 

3,031 

5,088 

3,026 

4,987 

60 

60 

36 

41 

2,986 

3,621 



2,976 

'1,999 

2,976 

2,921 

561 

2,360 

1,196 

1,637 

361 

441 

50 
50 

311 
391 



3,221 

2,64it 

2,376 

519,025 

1,313 

260,751 

1,177 

91 

40 

5 



2,391 

1,083,530 

3,136 

1,534,405 

783 

139,061 

1,957 

23,421 



75 
175 
185 
210 
230 
216 



145 

385 
691 

190 
70 
125 



125 
861 



480 
856 
116 
270 
195 
5 
135 
50 

4l6 
426 
400 
405 
65 
65 
20 

20 

4o6 

ItSl 

991 

1,469 

986 

1,434 

25 

25 

10 

10 

966 

1,167 



1,496 
981 
961 
180 
781 
300 
410 
90 
125 

35 
35 

60 
90 



1,111 

806 

730 

141,105 

366 

80,775 

311 

35 

20 



590 

157,250 

1,061 

345,295 

170 

32,710 

450 

6,790 



^Excludes faims reporting expenditures for commercial fertilizer and lime. 



CASH-GRAIN FARMS 

Table 2.-SUBREGI01N 87 —FARMS AND FARM CHARACTERISTICS FOR CASH-GRAIN FARMS, BY ECONOMIC CLASS: 

CENSUS OF 1954-Continued 

[Data are based on reports for only a SEmple of farms. See text] 



135 



Item 
(for definitions and explanations^ see text) 



ESTIMATED VALUE OF FARM PRODOCTS SOLD (see text) 

All farm products sold dollars . . . 

All crops sold dollars... 

Field crops, other than vegetables 
and fruits and nuts, sold dollars. . . 

Vegetables sold dollars . . . 

Fruits and nuts sold dollars. . . 

Horticultural specialties sold dollars. . . 

AH livestock and livestock products sold.. . .dollars. .. 

Dairy products sold dollars . . . 

Ftoultry and poultry products sold dollars. . . 

Livestock and livestock products, other 

than dairy and poultry, sold dollars... 

Forest products sold dollars... 

LIVESTOCK AND LIVESTOCK PRODUCIS 
Livestock od band: 

Horses and mules farms reporting . . . 

number. . . 

All cattle and calves farms reporting... 

number . , . 
Cows, Including heifers that 

have calved farms reporting. . . 

number . . . 

Milk cows fanos reporting. . . 

number . . . 

All hogs and pigs farms reporting . . . 

number , . , 

Bom before June 1 number . . . 

Chickens 4 months old and over.. ..farms reporting... 

number . . . 

Sheep, total farms reporting. . . 

number. . . 

Number 1 year and over; 

Ewes number. . . 

Bams and wethers number. . . 

Livestock and livestock products sold: 

Cattle and calves sold alive farms reporting... 

number. . . 
dollars . . . 

Hogs and pigs sold alive farms reporting... 

number. . . 
dollars . . . 

Chickens sold farms reporting. . . 

dollars. . . 

Chicken eggs sold famis reporting. . . 

dozens. . . 
dollars . . . 

Milk sold^ pounds. . . 

dollars . . . 

Sheep sold farms reporting. . . 

number. . . 
dollars . . . 

SPECIFIED CROPS HARVESTED 

Com for all purposes farms report ing . . . 

acres. . . 

Com harvested for grain farms reporting. . . 

acres. . . 

bushels harvested. . . 

bushels sold. . . 



All 

commercial 

farms 



Winter wheat threshed or combined. 



Spring wheat threshed or combined. 



..farms reporting... 

acres. . . 

bushels harvested. . . 

bushels sold. . . 

..farms reporting... 

acres. . . 

bushels harvested. . . 

bushels sold. . . 



Durum or macaroni wheat threshed 

or combined^ farms reporting. . . 

acres. . . 

bushels harvested. . . 

bushels sold. . . 

Oats threshed or combined farms reporting. . . 

acres. . . 

bushels harvested. . . 

bushels sold. . . 

Barley threshed or combined farms reporting. . . 

acres .. . 

bushels harvested. . . 

bushels sold. . . 

Rye threshed or combined farms reporting. . . 

acres .. . 

bushels harvested. . . 

bushels sold. . . 



22't,llt7,ll29 
102,558,365 

102,012,655 
300,21(0 

25,'t70 

220,000 
121,576,969 
17,709,282 
21,018,875 

82,81:8,812 
12,095 



6,965 
15,935 
26,017 

771,399 

211,966 

299,105 

21,172 

177,611 

20,357 

1,019,323 

6115,813 

2li,li93 

6,101,296 



Economic class 



5,169 
290,916 



1511,610 
7,3112 



211,236 

311,265 

39,667,1129 

20,406 

930,023 
39,372,166 

16,1178 
1,806,807 

22,885 
Ii7,807,oli8 
13,363,381* 

761,557,983 
17,709,282 

li,61i9 

179,693 

2,939,108 



28,277 
1,718,651 

27,696 

1,538,7118 

61,610,2117 

26,212,907 

31*7 

6,892 

75,222 

60,081 

lt,663 

132,5811 

1,305,627 

1,01*2, 61I1 



531 
25,8li9 

11*5,588 
109,817 

27,716 

1,593,368 

50,537,980 

17,717,8111 

6,777 

219,389 

5,087,526 

3,379,1121 

972 

28,039 

5iil»,672 

1*57,933 



93,510,605 
66,878,330 

66,753,965 

lll*,153 
10,212 

26,626,575 
11,085,722 
li,61i2,858 

17,897,995 
5,700 



2,078 

i*,533 

9,709 

216,597 

9,350 

87,920 

7,582 

51,1*62 

6,8lli 

261*, 0I17 

172,101* 

9,1*71* 

2,150,989 

1,715 
71*, 967 



1*0,311* 
2,1*59 



8,1*50 

70, 500 

8,012,806 

6,768 

221,020 

9,055,621 

5,928 
507,722 

8,631 

11*, 917, 156 

1*, 051*, 996 

183,262,213 
1*,035,722 

1,520 

111,260 

601,606 



12,190 
762,067 

12,137 

721,990 

30,106, 927 

18,6711,168 

217 
5,235 

55,71*6 
1*8,195 

2,1*21 

78,026 
805,5112 
688,778 



302 

17,836 

101,786 
82,9211 

11,882 

676,20a 

21,886,980 

11,156,1711 

3,267 

117,990 

2,782,722 

2,125,843 

587 
18,996 
38i*,697 
326,739 



2,832,1*02 
2,281,585 

2,266,593 

11*, 800 
192 

51*6,617 
34,823 
74,381* 

437,410 
4,200 



16 

33 

71 

4,955 

66 

1,511 

48 

381 

43 

4,087 

2,225 

63 

24,880 

13 
1,451 



750 
12 



71 

2,114 

296,449 

42 

2,853 

121,752 

45 
7,529 

57 

188,870 

42,766 

,1*91,313 
34,823 

9 

820 
16,215 



94 
17,565 

94 

16,531 

8lJ.,982 

648,339 

11 
1,075 
9,785 
9,575 

33 
2,745 
35,326 
31,898 



406 
2,750 
2,381 

90 
12,433 
498, 530 
320,165 

38 

3,455 

112,240 

100,226 

6 

775 

22,330 

20, 930 



36,235,053 
25,754,973 
25,685,257 

64,413 
5,303 

10,478,580 
1,315,762 
1,512,691 

7,650,127 
1,500 



475 

970 

2,212 

65,107 

2,054 
24,203 

1,680 
13,273 

1,761 
92,416 
59,825 

2,076 
590,144 

383 
24,112 



12,234 
861 



2,102 

26,323 

3,674,717 

1,834 

88,889 

3,688,965 

1,406 
l"i8,918 

1,936 
4,995,231 
1,350,189 

57,795,522 
1,315,762 

357 
13,106 
209,203 



2,660 
247,009 

2,660 

235,715 

11,105,055 

7,818,829 

71 

1,250 

18,591 

17,080 

523 

21,117 

255,202 

225,088 



27 

2,155 
15,181 
12,393 

2,519 

172,170 
6,138,968 
3,082,821 

349 

38,088 

1,008,267 

777, 337 

134 
4,558 
99,400 
90,786 



39,545,758 
27,816,322 

27,787,597 
26,190 
2,535 

11,729,436 
1,987,631 
2,184,793 

7,557,012 



845 

1,730 

4,484 

98,701 

4,378 

41,212 

3,598 

25,192 

3,235 

122,672 

83,959 

4,4l4 

1,030,443 

709 
31,059 



16,580 
961 



4,052 

30,696 

3,040,524 

3,274 

100,146 

4,190,588 

2,926 
251,742 

4,071 
7,023,216 
1,905,699 

88,671,790 
1,967,631 

634 
16,254 
234,293 



5,495 
336,958 

5,473 

319,014 

12,952,625 

7,667,490 

100 

1,460 

13,050 

7,870 

1,057 

32,076 

332,396 

286, 517 



127 
10,700 
58,230 

47,490 

5,286 

307,260 

10,079,875 

5,083,302 

1,31*3 

46,492 

1,056,130 

794,710 

266 

7,616 

151,957 

125,038 



12,549,694 
9,105,001 

9,094,689 
8,730 
1,582 

3,444,693 
675,156 
760,485 

2,009,052 



577 
1,395 
2,281 
39,477 

2,206 
17,197 

1,780 
10,584 

1,484 
39,659 
24,027 

2,235 
415,457 

500 
15,120 



8,945 
515 



1,800 

9,812 

883,781 



26,357 
952,801 

1,251 
85,158 

2,007 
2,360,834 

664,042 

31,702,652 
675,156 

435 

9,770 

125,425 



2,930 
129, 520 

2,904 

121,460 

4,281,155 

2,172,855 

25 

1,430 

14,290 

13,670 

607 
17,068 

142,183 
116,950 



106 

3,585 

20,750 

16,070 

2,941 

142,830 

4,114,452 

2,064,251 

806 
23,905 
486,605 
360,805 



136 

4.605 

88,9iC 

73,885 



2,146,286 
1,761,870 

1,761,250 

20 

600 

384,416 
66,400 
98,510 

219, 506 



125 

315 

506 

7,032 

491 
3,172 

366 
1,782 

276 
5,173 
2,048 

546 
74,935 

95 
3,020 



1,665 
105 



325 
1,315 
95,435 

230 

2,775 

101,515 

275 

13,250 

440 
309,710 
81,430 

3,309,808 
66,400 

70 

1,185 

14,620 



861 
28,085 

856 

26,375 

872,790 

330,710 



171 

4,500 

37,240 

27,575 



35 

905 

4,695 

4,500 

881 

36,585 

936,170 

535,480 

216 

5,885 

115,930 

89,665 

45 

1,440 

22,100 

16,100 



201,412 
158,579 
158,579 



42,833 

5,950 

11,995 

24,888 



40 

90 

155 

1,325 

155 
625 
110 

250 
15 

40 

20- 

140 

15,130 

15 
205 



140 
5 



100 

240 

21,900 



25 

1,125 

120 

39,295 
10,870 

291,128 
5,950 

15 

125 

1,850 



150 
2,930 

150 
2,695 
83,320 
35,91*5 



30 

520 

3,195 

750 



5 

85 

180 

90 

165 

4,930 

118,985 

70,155 

15 

165 

3,550 

3,100 



Includes milk equivalent of cream and butterfat sold. 



*^Data relate only to that part of the subregion located in South Dakota. 



136 



SIZE OF OPERATION BY TYPE OF FARM 



Table 2.-SUBREGI0N 87 -FARMS AND FARM CHARACTERISTICS FOR CASH-GRAIN FARMS, BY ECONOMIC CLASS: 

CENSUS OF 1954-Continued 
[Data are based on rejporte for oiU^ a sample of fauns. See text] 



(For definitions and explanations ^ see text) 



ccnmerclal 
fajms 



Econcmic class 



SPECIFIED CROPS HARVESTED— Continued 

Flaxseed threshed or combined farms reporting. 

acres. 

bushels harvested. 

bushels sold. 

Soybeans harvested for all purposes farms reporting. 

acres. 

Soybeans harvested for beans farms reporting. 

acres, 
bushels harvested. 

Vegetables harvested for sale farms reporting. 

dollars. 

Land in bearing and nonbearing fruit orchards, groves, 

vineyards, and plsnted nut trees^ farms reporting. 

acres. 

Alfalfa and alfalfa mixtures cut for hay (and 

for dehydrating ) acres .. . 

tons. . . 
tons sold. . . 

Clover, tijnothy, and mixtures of clover and grasses 

cut for hay acres. . . 

tons . . . 
tons sold. . . 

Oats, wheat, barley, rye, or other small grains 
cut for hay acres .. . 

tons . . . 



Wild hay cut. 



acres. . 

tons . . 
tons sold. . 



Grass silage made from grasses, alfalfa, clover, 

or small grains^ acres . 

tons, green weight. 

Other hay cut 



acres . 

tons, 
tons sold. 

Nursery products sold dollars. 

Cut flowers, potted plants, florist greens, and bedding 
plants sold dollars. 

Vegetables grown under glass, flower seeds, vegetable seeds, 

vegetable plants, bulbs, and mushrooms sold dollars. 

Farms reporting by acres of com 
harvested for all purposes : 

Under 11 acres farms reporting. 

11 to 2k acres farms reporting. 

25 to h^ acres farms reporting. 

50 to 7^ acres farms reporting. 

75 to 99 acres farms reporting . 

100 acres and over faims reporting. 

Farms reporting by acres of winter wheat 
threshed or combined: 

Under 10 acres farms reporting. 

10 to 2l» acres farms reporting. 

25 to ^9 acres farms reporting. 

50 to 99 acres farms reporting. 

100 to 199 acres farms reporting. 

200 to 299 acres farms reporting. 

300 to 1*99 acres farms reporting. 

500 to 999 acres farms reporting . 

1,000 acres and over farms reporting. 

Farms reporting by acres of spring wheat 
threshed or combined: 

Under 10 acres farms reporting. 

10 to 2U acres farms reporting. 

25 to ^9 acres farms reporting. 

50 to 99 acres farms reporting. 

100 to 199 acres farms reporting. 

200 to 299 acres farms reporting. 

300 to 499 acres farms reporting. 

500 to 999 acres farms reporting. 

1,000 acres and over farms reporting. 

Farms reporting by acres of durum or macaroni wheat 
threshed or combined : ^ 

Under 10 acres farms reporting. 

10 to ah acres farms reporting. 

25 to 1*9 acres farms reporting. 

50 to 99 acres farms reporting. 

100 to 199 acres farms reporting. 

200 to 299 acres farms reporting. 

300 to ^+99 acres farms reporting. 

500 to 999 acres farms reporting. 

1,000 acres and over farms reporting. 

Farms reporting by acres of soybeans 
harvested for all purposes : 

Under 25 acres farms reporting. . . 

25 to 1+9 acres farms reporting... 

50 to 99 acres farms reporting. . . 

100 acres and over farms reporting... 



16, 5119 

686,2l>3 

5,705,986 

5,091,120 

17,906 
7l8,8Wi 

17,857 

716,204 

13,38l,7lt9 

307 
300,240 

3kk 
521 



455,611 

898, 349 

63,035 

21,381 

27,078 

1,068 



1,513 
1,509 

310,915 
290,741 
25,570 



6,677 
30,391 
39,364 
47,680 

3,595 

186,500 

30,000 

3,500 



2,226 
9,191 
8,488 
4,358 
3,428 



137 

168 

24 

11 

1 

5 



1,816 

1,375 

539 

104 

19 



45 
171 
179 

82 

30 

14 

9 



6,182 

6,499 

4,301 

924 



8,333 

403, 580 

3,431,232 

3,090,157 

9,722 
463,042 

9,712 

462,452 

8,736,059 

123 
114,153 

218 
202 



151,010 

294,180 

31,137 

6,874 

8,855 

582 



259 

306 

93,003 
91,187 
10,920 



1,308 
5,626 

11,367 
14,679 
1,180 



116 
919 

3,908 

3,688 
2,005 
1,554 



77 

107 

19 



301 
878 
810 
351 

69 



15 
82 
111 
48 
26 
11 
9 



2,363 

3,620 

3,001 

738 



84 
12, 561 
122,419 
110,808 

94 
13,495 

94 

13,395 

271,810 

7 
14,800 



3,083 

6,763 

597 



45 
148 



1,050 
1,063 



185 
.,040 

102 
92 

25 



6 
3 

12 

73 



4 

13 

9 



11 
17 
64 



1,922 

123,210 

1,147,479 

1,041, 046 

2,454 
177,587 

2,453 

177,532 

3,647,894 



64,413 



58 
111 



42,555 
95,785 
10,860 

1,934 

2,547 

407 



47 
28 

17,287 

17,131 

2,644 



508 
2,061 



3,200 
4,807 



6 
12 
168 
716 
803 
955 



10 
51 
9 



31 

147 

219 

83 

36 

7 



118 

586 

1,220 

530 



3,807 

173,999 

1,481,962 

1,332,637 

4,441 

19-i,805 

4,432 

194,460 

3,573,510 

45 
26,190 

106 

54 



69,349 
129,068 
11,820 

3,050 

3,950 

55 



150 
195 

42,156 
41,994 
4,321 



605 
2,425 

5,020 

5,715 

545 



15 
176 

1,773 

2,093 
1,000 

438 



145 
391 
347 
148 



30 
35 
25 
21 



943 
1,936 
1,«9 

133 



1,895 
72,695 
538,942 
480,636 

2,108 
63,745 

2,108 

63,670 

1,058,855 

30 
8,730 



29,818 
52,79'i 
6,375 

1,570 

1,930 

120 



50 
70 

25,410 

24,379 

3,305 



10 
100 

2,605 
3,555 

585 



15 
380 
.531 
766 
160 

78 



105 

236 

165 

96 



15 

30 
45 
15 



910 

882 

305 

11 



550 
19,740 

131,845 
U7.930 

530 
U,680 

530 
11,665 
168, 580 



5,170 
8,355 
1,435 



275 
280 



5,615 

5,235 

650 



315 
385 
25 



45 
271 
395 

110 

30 



15 
20 



320 
185 
25 



^Doea not include data for farms with less than 20 trees or grapevines, 
nly to that part of the subregion located in South Dakota. 



^Data relate only to that part of the subregion located in Minnesota. 



^Data relate 



CASH-GRAIN FARMS 



137 



Table 2.-SUBREGI0N 89 .-FARMS AND FARM CHARACTERISTICS FOR CASH-GRAIN FARMS, BY ECONOMIC CLASS: 

CENSUS OF 1954 

[Data are based on reports for only a sainple of farms , See text] 



Item 
(For definitions and explanations, see text) 



All 

commercial 

farms 



Economic class 



FiBMS, ACHEJWE, AND VALUE 

Faraa number. 

Percent distribution percent. 

Land in faraa acres. 

Percent distribution percent . 

Average size of farm acres. 

Value of iaad and buildings: 

Average per farm dollars . 

Average per acre dollars . 

Land in farna according to uae: 

Cropland harvested farms reporting. 

acres. 

Percent distribution percent . 

Cropland used only for pasture farms reporting. 

acres . 

Cropland not harvested and not pastured farms reporting. 

acres . . 
Cultivated summer fallow 

and cropland lying idle^ farms reporting. 

acres . 

Other cropland^ farms reporting . 

acres. 

Woodland pastured farms reporting. 

acres. 
Woodland not pastured farms reporting, 

acres . 
Other pasture (not cropland 
and not woodland) farms reporting. 

acres. 
Improved ( see text ) . ^ farms reporting . 

acres. 
Other land (house lots, roads, 
wasteland, etc . ) farms reporting . 

acres . 
Cropland, total farms reporting. 

acres. 
Lajld pastured, total farms reporting. 

acres . 
Woodland, total farms reporting. 

acres . 
Irrigated land in farms farms reporting . 

acres. 

USE OF COlMEHCIAl FERTILIZER 

Crops OQ which conmercial fertilizer was used, 1954: 

Hay and cropland pasture farms reporting. 

tons, 
acres on which used. 

Other pasture .■ farms reporting . 

tons . 
acres on which used. 

Corn farms reporting. 

tons, 
acres on which used . 

Wheat and oats^ farms reporting. 

tons, 
acres on which used. 

Fruits, vegetables, and potatoes farms reporting. 

tons, 
acres on which used . 

Other crops farms reporting . 

tons, 
acres on which used . 

RESIDENCE OF FARM OPERATOR 

Residing on farm operated operators reporting. 

Not residing on farm operated operators reporting. 

Operators not reporting residence number. 

FARMS BY SIZE 

Under 10 acres number . 

10 to 29 acres number . 

30 to A9 acres number. 

30 to 69 acres number. 

70 to 99 acres number. 

100 to 139 acres number. 

140 to 179 acres number . 

180 to 219 acres number . 

220 to 259 acres number. 

260 to 499 acl-es number. 

500 to 999 acres number. 

1,000 acres and over number. 

FARM OPERATORS BY COLOR AND TENURE 

Ul fara operatora: 

Owners, part owners, and managers number. 

All tenants number. 

All white operators: 

Owners, part owners, and managers number. 

All tenants number . 

All ooowhite operators: 

Owners, part owners, and managers number. 

All tenants number. 



23,844 

XXX 

9,423,810 

XXX 

395.2 

27,190 
68.00 

23,492 
6,250,960 

XXX 

10,260 

327,728 

17,303 

1,200,089 

13,802 
881,285 

5,988 
318,804 

7,236 
370,468 

6,587 
308,222 

6,936 

329,724 

781 

19,902 

22,897 

636,619 

23,567 

7,778,777 

17,805 

1,027,920 

10,746 

678,690 

86 

1,327 



2,680 

5,259 

78,599 

234 

536 

7,447 

3,429 
5,754 

1X2,341 
6,873 
18,602 

533,976 

1,385 

10,678 

101,601 

9,078 

43,353 

,120,085 



21,393 

2,146 

305 



205 

155 

236 

155 

585 

680 

3,245 

1,340 

2,060 

9,960 

4,279 

94^ 



20,080 
3,764 



20,079 
3,764 



13,280 
100.0 

5,731,166 
100.0 
435.3 

31,144 
70.95 

13,280 

4,021,382 

100.0 

4,916 

144,180 

10,991 

850,816 

9,157 

645,325 

3,328 

205,491 
2,807 

127,307 
3,090 

137,145 

3,659 

160,463 

360 

9,416 

12,703 

339,873 

13,280 

5,016,378 

8,930 

431,950 

4,809 

264,452 

15 

420 



1,U4 

2,213 

36,54A 

141 

270 

3,783 

1,678 
3,074 

63,871 
4,081 

10,928 
349,796 

411 

1,756 

18,908 

5,567 

25,385 

751,185 



11,558 

1,539 

183 



15 

60 

50 

230 

285 

1,540 

580 

980 

6,055 

2,872 

613 



10,822 
2,458 



10,821 
2,458 



363 
2.7 

520,069 

9.0 

1,432.7 

111,695 
79.01 

363 

378,771 

9.4 

108 

7,207 

338 

94,638 

268 

67,087 

115 

27,551 

73 

4,740 

71 

5,438 

75 

8,941 

7 

580 

356 
20,334 

363 
480,616 

200 
20,888 

125 
10,178 



46 

209 

3,491 

5 

11 

343 

73 

394 

7,577 

194 

1,273 

43,123 

64 

685 

7,133 

274 

4,385 

126,439 



299 
60 
4 



10 
105 
248 



314 
49 



2,552 
19.2 

1,730,950 

29.9 

678.3 

52,429 

76.70 

2,552 

1,264,841 

31.5 

968 

39,148 

2,228 

262,072 

1,827 

193,970 

701 

68,102 

464 

24,424 

572 

22,324 

665 

39,119 

72 

2,643 

2,480 

79,022 

2,552 

1,566,061 

1,647 

102,691 

871 

46,748 

5 

170 



357 
838 
13,998 
41 
105 
1,413 

643 

1,325 

29,279 

1,038 

3,844 

127,511 

158 

664 

6,337 

1,453 

9,567 

288,654 



2,245 

267 

40 



15 
10 
30 

725 
1,477 

295 



2,004 
548 



2,003 
548 



4,679 
35.3 

2,014,646 

34.9 

430.6 

30,562 
70.09 

4,679 

1,416,926 

35.3 

2,008 

56,865 

3,982 

286,596 

3,323 

223,238 

1,266 

63,358 

880 

40,963 

927 

40,673 

1,308 

58,153 

156 

4,238 

4,522 

114,465 

4,679 

1,760,387 

3,335 

155,986 

1,506 

81,641 

10 

250 



402 
657 
10,553 
68 
97 
1,269 

630 

932 

19,605 

1,551 

3,637 

116,273 

133 

327 

4,023 

2,099 

7,576 

229,625 



4,145 

486 

48 



10 
25 

110 
U5 
320 
3,045 
999 
55 



3,722 
957 



3,722 

957 



3,540 
26.7 

1,061,736 

18.4 

299.9 

19,731 
66.24 

3,540 

696,340 

17.3 

1,285 

29,060 

2,388 

147,238 

2,479 

116,183 

736 

31,055 

830 

35,590 

918 

38,015 

1,070 

38,485 

30 

1,150 

3,380 

77,008 

3,540 

872,638 

2,451 

103,135 

1,365 

73,605 



279 

440 

7,362 

22 

52 

633 

261 
285 

5,635 
912 

1,623 
48,794 

46 

65 

1,250 

1,234 

3,006 

84,267 



3,172 
337 
31 



10 

30 

30 

690 

305 

440 

1,725 

250 

10 



2,922 
618 



2,922 

613 



1,673 
12.6 

375,835 

6.5 

224.0 

12,965 
57.15 

1,678 

226,928 

5.6 

446 

10,165 

1,277 

50,557 

1,027 
37,757 

415 
12,800 

425 
15,405 

461 
24,795 

456 

12,440 

40 

730 

1,552 

35,545 

1,678 

287,650 

1,041 

38,010 

706 

40,200 



45 

66 

1,115 

5 

5 

125 

71 

38 

1^775 

320 

454 

12,255 

10 

15 

165 

425 

756 

19,735 



1,356 
277 
45 



5 
25 

120 
150 
560 
UO 
170 
465 
41 
2 



1,423 
255 



1,423 
255 



^Includes cultivated summer fallow in the part of the subregion located in North Dakota and cropland lying idle in the part of the subregion located in Minnesota. Includes 
other cropland in the part of the subregion located in North Dakota and cropland used only for crops not harvested and not pastured in the part of the subregion located in 
Minnesota. ^Does not include data for oats in the part of the subregion located in North Dakota nor the figures for wheat in the part of the subregion located in Minnesota. 



138 



SIZE OF OPERATION BY TYPE OF FARM 



Table 2.-SUBREGI0N 89 -FARMS AND FARM CHARACTERISTICS FOR CASH-GRAIIN FARMS, BY ECONOMIC CLASS: 

CENSUS OF 1954-Conlinued 

[Data are based on reports for only a sample of farms. See text] 



(For definitions and explanations, see text) 



All 

connnerciEil 

farms 



Economic class 



FARM OFERAXOeS BY AGE 

Iftider 25 years operators reporting. 

25 to 34 years operators reporting. 

35 to 44 years operators reporting. 

<*5 to 54 years operators reporting. 

55 to 64 years operators reporting. 

65 years and over operators reporting. 

OFT-FABM WORK AND CITHER INCOME 

FarM operatora— 

With other income of family exceeding value of farm 

products sold operators reporting. 

Working off their farms, by days 

worked, total operators reporting. 

None operators reporting. 

1 to 99 days operators reporting. 

100 to 199 days operators reporting. 

200 days or more operators reporting . 

FARIB BY CLASS OF WORK POWER 

No tractor, horses, or mules farms reporting. 

No tractor and only 1 horse or mule farms reporting. 

No tractor and 2 or more horses and/or mules farms reporting. 

Tractor and horses and/ or mules farms reporting. 

Tractor and no horses or mules farms reporting . 

SPECIFIED FACILITIES AND EQUIPMENT 

Telephone farms reporting . 

Electricity farms reporting. 

Television set farms reporting. 

Piped running water farms reporting . 

Home freezer farms reporting. 

Electric pig brooder farms reporting. 

Power feed grinder farms reporting. 

Ui 1 Vi ng machine farms reporting. 

Grain combines farms reporting. 

number . 
Com pickers farms reporting . 

number . 
Pick-up hay balers farms reporting . 

number . 
Field forage harvesters farms reporting. 

number . 
Ustortrucks farms reporting. 

number . 
Tractors farms reporting . 

number . 
Wheel tractors other than garden farms reporting. 

number . 
Garden tractors farms reporting. 

number . 
Crawler tractors farms reporting. 

number . 
Automobiles farms reporting. 

number . 

FARM LABOR 

Week of Sept. 26-Oct. 2: 

Family and/or hired workers farms reporting. 

persons. 

Family workers, including operator farms reporting. 

Operators working 1 hour or more persons . 

1 to lA hours persons . 

15 hours or more persons . 

Unpaid members of operator's family farms reporting. 

persons . 

Hired workers farms reporting. 

persons. 
Regular workers ( to be employed 

150 days or more ) farms reporting. 

persons . 
Seasonal workers (to be employed 

less than 150 days } farms reporting . 

persons. 

SPECIFIED FARM EXPENDITURES 

Specified farm expenditures farms reporting. 

Machine hire and/ or hired labor farms reporting. 

Machine hire farms reporting . 

dollars. 

Hired labor farms reporting . 

dollars. 

$1 to $499 farms reporting . 

$500 to $999 farms reporting . 

$1,000 to $2,499 farms reporting. 

$2,500 to $4,999 farms reporting. 

$5,000 and over farms reporting. 

Feed for livestock and poultry farms reporting. 

dollars . 

Gasoline and other petroleum fuel and oil farms reporting. 

dollars . 
Commercial fertilizer and 

fertilizing material farms reporting. 

dollars . 

tons. 

acres on which used. 

Lime and liming material farms reporting. 

dollars . 

tons. 

acres on which used. 



368 
3,667 
5,480 
5,989 
5,334 
2,730 



930 

7,197 

16,117 

5,483 

877 

837 



973 
65 
222 

7,307 
15,277 



14,349 
21,852 

5,643 
11,113 

8,304 
892 

6,335 

6,173 

17,066 

19,102 

2,163 

2,186 

3,354 

3,387 

1,378 

1,909 

17,939 

25,650 

22,649 

46,669 

22,534 

43,554 

490 

504 

2,243 

2,611 

21,773 

28,962 



22,936 
67,630 
22,552 
22,085 

2,860 
19,223 
11,385 
17,695 

6,481 
27,850 

2,942 
4,746 

4,753 
23,104 



23,823 

19,207 

15,167 

4,649,392 

13,770 

16,271,313 

7,897 

2,127 

2,267 

825 

654 

16,683 
10,492,525 

23,073 
18,292,130 

12,533 

6,752,093 

84,396 

1,957,803 

38 

543 

151 

221 



206 
2,225 
2,896 
3,342 
2,928 
1,535 



460 

3,875 

9,106 

2,328 

510 

537 



419 

15 

51 

3,253 

9,542 



3,063 
12,150 
3,733 
6,561 
5,130 
468 
3,148 
2,647 

10,658 

12,095 

1,345 

1,361 

1,611 

1,632 

1,022 

1,033 

10,383 

15,528 

12,795 

26,394 

12,751 

24,810 

278 

282 

1,542 

1,302 

12,203 

16,219 



12,604 

29,872 

12,353 

12,101 

1,600 

10,501 

5,533 

8,315 

3,823 

9,456 

1,805 
2,539 

2,587 
6,917 



U,270 

10,327 

8,338 

2,624,165 

7,974 

6,508,309 

4,638 

1,403 

1,331 

400 

152 

8,196 

3,801,935 

13,002 

11,064,102 

6,946 

3,622,658 

43,695 

1,226,772 

13 

173 

26 

31 



1 
62 
124 
32 
67 
23 



62 

292 

46 



86 
276 



314 
355 
201 
320 
291 

26 
111 

64 

356 

736 

80 

83 

103 

106 

80 

85 

356 

1,149 

362 

1,606 

356 

1,210 

22 

24 

223 

372 

354 

364 



362 
2,677 
348 
345 
35 
310 
155 
281 
324 
2,051 

254 
612 

213 
1,439 



363 

357 

232 

225,903 

357 

1,672,643 

14 

27 

99 

111 

106 

196 

253,303 

353 

1,009,414 

309 

601,204 

6,977 

188,484 



43 
491 
645 
630 
488 
168 



34 

616 
1,853 

470 
72 
74 



639 
1,881 



1,893 
2,464 

1,074 

1,813 

1,530 

151 

788 

716 

2,410 

2,968 

435 

497 

555 

558 

395 

401 

2,470 

4,373 

2,520 

7,088 

2,507 

6,202 

111 

113 

683 

773 

2,480 

3,865 



2,479 
7,921 
2,410 
2,367 
280 
2,087 
1,073 
1,750 
1,411 
3,804 

847 
1,135 

835 
2,669 



2,552 

2,333 

1,710 

732,454 

2,148 

2,606,267 

658 

505 

711 

231 

43 



1,383,559 

2,529 

3,323,224 

1,784 

1,369,171 

16,363 

467,156 

3 

113 

16 

16 



66 
339 
1,103 
1,279 
893 
457 



82 

1,330 

3,270 

1,031 

148 

151 



10 
1,192 
3,376 



3,102 
4,450 
1,507 
2,678 
1,998 
221 
1,273 
1,211 

4,160 

4,504 

536 

537 

640 

640 

367 

372 

4,199 

5,579 

4,563 

9,667 

4,558 

9,110 

115 

115 

426 

442 

4,485 

5,683 



4,497 
9,814 
4,390 
4,274 
569 
3,705 
2,134 
3,161 
1,305 
2,379 

508 
582 

916 
1,797 



4,674 

3,992 

3,058 

901,238 

3,085 

1,577,391 

1,957 

641 

436 

43 

3 

3,197 

313,256 

4,594 

3,947,275 

2,603 

1,099,602 

13,304 

334,434 



533 
713 
790 
942 

471 



125 



1,056 

2,422 

750 

171 

135 



116 

5 

20 

845 

2,554 



1,919 
3,238 

730 
1,303 
950 
60 
730 
-520 

2,654 

2,739 

164 

164 

272 

237 

145 

145 

2,698 

3,156 

3,399 

5,709 

3,389 

5,536 

25 

25 

143 

148 

3,179 

3,371 



3,340 

6,401 

3,304 

3,249 

401 

2,848 

1,473 

2,207 

536 

945 

175 
139 

437 
756 



3,540 

2,652 

2,095 

509,384 

1,691 

508,608 

1,382 

200 

99 

10 



2,192 

659,422 

3,465 

2,036,419 

1,592 
432,192 

5,470 
147,133 



20 
250 
260 
330 
428 
300 



676 
957 
396 
110 
170 



100 
10 
10 

416 
1,U2 



630 
1,362 
196 
336 
356 
10 
226 
125 

917 

932 

25 

25 

25 

25 

30 

30 

1,002 

1,097 

1,558 

2,311 

1,553 

2,246 

5 

5 

55 

60 

1,377 

1,553 



1,493 

2,519 

1,483 

1,448 

240 

1,208 

582 

305 

186 

266 

20 
20 

176 
246 



1,678 

1,167 

977 

214,916 

647 

137,010 

532 

30 

35 



777 

174,950 

1,623 

637,240 

561 

104,740 

1,386 

35,235 

10 

55 

10 

15 



^Excludes farms reporting expenditures for commercial fertilizer and lime. 



CASH-GRAIN FARMS 



139 



Table 2.-SUBREGI0N 89 -FARMS AND FARM CHARACTERISTICS FOR CASH-GRAIN FARMS, BY ECONOMIC CLASS: 

CENSUS OF 1%4-Continued 

[Data are based on reports for nnly a sajnple of farms. See text] 



(For definitions and explanations, see text) 



All 

conmerclal 

farms 



Economic class 



ESTIMATED VALUE Of FARM PRODUCTS SOU) (see text) 

All farm products sold dollars . . . 

All crops sold dollars . . . 

Field crops, other than vegetables 
and fruits and nuts, sold dollars... 

Vegetables sold dollars . . . 

FJ^ts and huts sold dollars 

Horticultural specialties sold dollars. . . 

All livestock and livestock products sold.. . .dollars. . . 

Dairy products sold dollsrs . . . 

Poultry and poultry products sold dollars. . . 

Livestock and livestock products, other 

than dairy and poultry, sold dollars . . . 

Forest products sold dollars... 

LIVESTOCK AKD LIVESTOCK HiODUClS 
Livestock OB band: 

Horses and mules farms reporting. . . 

number. . . 

All cattle and calves farms reporting... 

number. . . 
Cows, including heifers that 

have calved farms reporting. . . 

number . . . 

kllk cows f srms reporting , . , 

number. . . 

All hogs and pigs farms reporting. . . 

number . . . 

Bom before June 1 number . . . 

Chickens A months old and over. .. .farms reporting... 

number. . . 

Sheep, total farms reporting. . . 

number.. . 
Number 1 year and over: 

Ewes number . . . 

Rams and wethers number . . . 

Livestock and livestock products sold: 

Cattle and calves sold alive farms reporting... 

number . . . 
dollars... 

Hogs and pigs sold alive farms reporting... 

number. . . 
dollars... 

Chickens sold farms reporting... 

dollars. . . 

Chicken eggs sold farms reporting... 

dozens . . . 
dollars. . . 

Milk sold ^ pounds . . . 

dollars . . . 

Sheep sold farms reporting... 

number . . . 
dollars . . . 

SPECIFIED CROPS HARVESTED 

Com for all purposes farms reporting. . . 

acres . . . 

Com harvested for grain farms reporting. . . 

acres. . . 

bushels harvested... 

bushels sold . . . 

Sorghum harvested for all purposes 

except slrup^ farms reporting. . . 

acres. . . 

Winter wheat threshed or combined. farms reporting... 

acres . . . 

bushels harvested... 

bushels sold . . . 

...farms reporting... 

acres. .. 

bushels harvested . . . 

bushels sold. . . 



Spring wheat threshed or combined. 



Durum or macaroni wheat threshed or 

combined^ farms reporting. . . 

acres. .. 

bushels harvested... 

bushels sold.. . 

Oats threshed or combined farms reporting... 

acres... 

bushels harvested... 

bushels sold . . . 

Barley threshed or combined farms reporting . . . 

acres . . . 

bushels harvested... 

bushels sold. , . 



190,632, 25't 
143,287,336 

U2, 092, 519 

759,205 

25,162 

-411,000 

'17,307,503 

13,938,654 

8,242,934 

25,125,915 
36,865 



7,592 

16,125 

17,900 

406,658 

17,448 
171,052 

15,748 
124,334 

10,342 
168,631 
114,836 

14,322 
2,274,239 

3,406 
312,317 

119,386 
5,006 



16,093 

151,947 

15,248,087 

7,384 

148,253 

5,457,393 

6,932 
964,999 

11,777 
15,536,697 
4,537,563 

569,272,613 
13,933,654 

3,038 

250,168 

3,655,004 



11,464 
308,244 

5,764 

162,400 

5,017,737 

1,557,154 



42 
440 

461 

12,595 

192,020 

165,089 

17,890 

1,310,501 

20,372,455 

17,385,500 



1,687 
119,303 
577,807 
468,953 

17,713 

931,643 

28,947,116 

14,015,726 

13,222 

1,492,067 
39,889,427 
31,724,733 



103,045,160 
87,679,685 

37,656,306 
22,705 

174 

15,355,650 
4,303,600 
2,199,764 

8,852,286 
9,825 



3,319 

6,814 

8,337 

173,971 

3,524 
73,205 

7,429 
43,206 

4,931 
77,776 
55,610 

7,204 
,042,972 

1,248 
77,102 

40,949 
1,746 



7,488 

53,670 

5,321,901 

3,403 

60,670 

2,228,353 

3,395 
254,563 

5,584 
6,106,171 
1,740,411 

184,402,403 
4,303,600 

1,076 
39,623 
598,771 



5,747 
173,628 

3,192 

104,659 
3,197,515 
1,247,749 



32 
340 

210 

7,987 

123,388 

112,281 



11,622 

974,123 

15,027,305 

12,974,012 



1,163 

81,034 

369,366 

298,412 



9,432 

527,460 

17,007,332 

9,994,566 

11,713 

1,106,550 

29,600,012 

24,400,662 



13,393,447 
12,358,304 

12,353,304 



1,035,143 

195,604 

50,225 

789,314 



86 

222 

205 

3,806 

186 
3,056 

144 
1,269 

125 
4,232 
3,103 

131 
24,602 

31 
3,953 

2,292 
62 



135 

4,372 

555,991 

94 

4,222 

163,325 

73 
6,568 

103 
145,525 
42,766 

6,078,579 
195,604 

28 
3,877 
59,627 



151 
12,356 

94 

3,942 

310,643 

167,965 



1 
15 

11 

1,154 

17,470 

16,720 

360 

103,164 

1,356,506 

1,700,990 



32 

2,128 
13,240 
16,710 

204 
26,920 

1,019,081 
735,250 

359 

119,219 

3,639,994 

3,275,338 



37,299,278 
32,234,194 

32,277,604 

6,520 

70 

5,013,059 

1,197,906 

643,094 

3,172,059 
2,025 



640 

1,337 

1,675 

50,410 

1,533 

19,137 

1,332 

9,926 

965 

25, a2 

18,354 

1,383 

237,628 

332 

27,808 

14,028 
608 



1,502 

18,542 

2,059,868 

762 

21,046 

814,722 

708 
55,319 

1,039 

1,561,651 

440,375 

49,036,303 
1,197,906 

232 

14,133 

225,140 



1,349 
61,177 

937 

41,015 

1,273,544 

500,174 



32 

2,134 

37,148 

34,621 

2,457 

329,506 

5,564,984 

4,929,333 



194 
14,614 
93,533 
33,363 

1,716 

133,482 

4,366,846 

2,938,147 

2,459 

365,265 

10,616,247 

9,013,685 



34,626,495 
28,526,149 

28,510,585 

15,460 

104 

6,100,221 

1,816,159 

925,535 

3,358,477 
125 



1,202 

2,496 

3,384 

69,025 

3,297 
29,111 

2,895 
20,194 

1,980 
32,432 
23,539 

2,732 
426,003 

496 
28,989 

15,375 
536 



2,973 
22,107 

2,127,075 

1,555 

26,353 

930,555 

1,415 
111,176 

2,259 

2,689,739 

770,355 

79,099,773 
1,816,159 

443 

14,798 

224,275 



2,373 
68,012 

1,360 
40,722 

1,206,908 
451,875 



25 

230 

78 

2,807 

39,835 

36,525 

4,362 

340,107 

5,007,345 

4,253,596 



414 

31,398 

143,643 

112,579 

3,426 

194,784 

6,370,170 

3,633,069 

4,321 

381,840 

9,927,476 

8,156,709 



13,903,605 
11,361,792 



11,361,167 
625 



2,542,463 
367,736 
477,543 

1,197,184 
4,350 



870 

1,775 

2,430 

37,664 

2,360 
16,027 

2,115 
12,374 

1,289 
11,713 

7,629 

1,991 
270,934 

234 
10,052 

5,394 
340 



2,022 

10,715 

863,703 

756 

6,624 

240,661 

934 
66,205 

1,507 
1,399,836 

401,003 

39,753,702 
867,736 

203 

4,515 

63,069 



1,414 
26,503 

626 

11,710 

331,070 

109,975 



5 
90 

54 
1,287 
22,195 
18,875 



2,985 

150,338 

2,062,876 

1,693,415 



308 
19,474 
72,350 
56,145 

2,637 

113,269 

3,386,915 

1,877,125 

3,080 

179, 956 

4,250,530 

3,137,205 



3,413,462 
2,800,633 



2,800,588 

100 



615,449 
202,350 
97,942 

315,157 
2,325 



436 

799 

952 

11,551 

922 
5,224 

797 
3,963 

531 
3,850 
2,830 

792 
74,345 

130 
5,955 

3,130 
185 



711 

2,719 

199,609 

221 

2,345 

77,120 

230 
14,070 

556 

295,065 

31,902 

9,745,350 
202,350 



105 

2,1S0 

25,270 



405 
4,900 

150 

1,960 

64,325 

17,760 



25 

520 

5,845 

5,395 



1,252 

42,077 

491,519 

365,970 



180 
11,400 
33,345 
23,785 

1,162 

44,335 

1,144,560 

626,000 

1,252 

52,275 

1,013,825 

702,905 



393,373 
348,553 

348,553 



49,315 

23,345 

5,375 

20,095 
1,000 



85 

185 

191 

1,515 

176 
650 
146 
480 
41 
237 
100 
125 
9,405 

25 
345 

230 

15 



95 
215 

15,650 

20 

75 

1,975 

35 
1,225 

70 
14,355 
4,010 

687,696 
23,345 

15 

125 

1,390 



55 
680 

25 

310 

6,025 



10 

85 

845 

145 



206 

3,881 

43,575 

25,703 



40 

2,020 

3,755 

830 

287 

9,670 

220,260 

134,975 

242 

7,995 

151, 940 

114,820 



Includes milk equivalent of cream and butterfat sold. 



Data relate only to that part of the subreglon located in North Dakota. 



140 



SIZE OF OPERATION BY TYPE OF FARM 



Table 2.-SUBREG10IN 89 .-FARMS AND FARM CHARACTERISTICS FOR CASH-GRAIN FARMS, BY ECONOMIC CLASS: 

CENSUS OF 1954-Continued 

[£bta aT« ^ased on reports for only & 8aiiQ)le of faims. See tert] 



(For deflBltlonfi and explBnations, see text) 



SPECIFIED CROPS HARVESTED— Continued 

Rye threshed or combined' farms reporting. . . 

acres .. . 

bushels harvested... 

bushels sold . . . 

Buckwheat threshed or combined' farms reporting. . . 

acres. . . 

bushels harvested... 
bushels sold. . . 

Flaxseed threshed or combined farms reportijig. .. 

acres . . . 

bushels harvested . . , 

bushels sold. . . 

Soybeans harvested for all purposes' farms reporting... 

acres .. . 

Soybeans harvested for beans' farms reporting... 

acres . . . 
bushels harvested . . . 

Irish potatoes harvested for home use or for 

gQlg farms reporting. . . 

acres^ . . 
bushels harvested . . . 



All 

ccnBnercial 

faims 



Alfalfa and alfalfa mixtures cut for hay (and for 
dehydrating) 



acres . . . 

tons . . . 
tons sold . . . 



Clover, timothy 
for hay 



and mixtures of clover and grasses cut 



.acres. . . 

tons. . . 
tons sold... 



Oats, wheat, barley, rye, or other small grains cut 
for hay 



acres. 

tons, 
tons sold. 



Wild hay cut. 



acres . 

tons, 
tons sold. 



Grass silage made from grasses, alfalfa, clover, or 

small grains' acres. . . 

tons, green weight 

Other hay cut acres 

tons . . . 
tons sold. 

Nursery products sold dollars. 

Cut flowers, potted plants, florist greens, and bedding 

plants sold dollars . 

Vegetables grown under glass, flower seeds, vegetable seeds, 

vegetable plants, bulbs, and mushrooms sold dollars. 

Farms reporting by acres of com harvested for all purposes: 

Under 11 acres farms reporting. 

11 to 24 acres farms reporting. 

25 to 49 acres farms reporting. 

50 to 7i acres farms reporting. 

75 to 99 acres farms reporting. 

100 acres and over farms reporting. 

Farms reporting by acres of sorghums harvested for all purposes:^ 

Under 11 acres farms reporting. 

11 to 2"! acres '"arms reporting. 

25 to 49 acres farms reporting. 

50 to 74 acres farms reporting. 

75 to 99 acres farms reporting. 

100 acres and over farms reporting. 

Farms reporting by acres of winter wheat threshed or combined: 

Under 10 acres farms reporting. 

10 to 24 acres farms reporting. 

25 to 49 acres farms reporting. 

50 to 99 acres farms reporting. 

100 to 199 acres farms reporting. 

200 to 299 acres farms reporting. 

300 to 499 acres farms reporting. 

500 to 999 acres farms reporting.