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Vol nine l.- 
Volnuie 2.- 
Volume 3," 
Volnme 4.- 
Volnme 5.- 
Volume 6 - 


-No8. 1 to 13, inclnRive. 
-Noe. 14 to 163, inclusive, except No. 78. 
-No. 78, Report ConimiBsioner of PnU*nts. 
-No8. 164 to 245, inclusive, except No. 178. 
-No. 178, Tariff Statements and tabU's. 
-No 'Miif ApproprintlouM, Now Ottices, etc. ' 





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Accoants dae to and from the United States. Letter of W. S. Rosecrans j i 

relative to -.| 44 | 2 

Adjoamment. Concurrent resolution bj Mr. Edmnnds in relation to the. | 229 , 4 

Agricnltnre. Letter of the Secretary of, transmitting synopsis of report i 
upon the subject of irrigation by artesian wells '. 179 




40 I 2 


Agricultural interests. Resolution relative to the depression of 

Alaska. Resolution in relation to seal fisheries in 

Aldrich. Ckincurrent resolution by Mr., relative to the preparation of a 

code of joint rules 2 1 

Aldrich. liesolntion by Mr. , relative to the appointment of a select com- 
mittee to be called the Qnadro-Centennial Committee li 1 

Aldrich. Agreement by Mr., proposed for the consideration of bill H. H. 

9416 (tariff) _ 221 4 

Aldrich. Agreement for the consideration of H. R. 941 6 (tariff bill) : 221 4 

Allison. Resolution by Mr., to limit debate on amendments to appro- 

priaticm bills IKl ' 4 

American citizens. Resolution relative to the protection of, in Cuba 19f) 

Appropriation bills. Resolution to limit debate on amendments to 184 

Appropriations for new offices ^ 

Arkansas. Petition of citizens of Union County, for legislation for the 

protection of voters in theSoutliern States 

Artesian wells. Memorial of the Legislature of the State of Washington 

relative to sinking __ ; 71 

Artesian wells. Synopsis of report of the Department of Agriculture I 

upon the subject of irrigation by i 179 

Athens, Greece. Letter of the Secretary of State in relation to the Ameri- ' 

can representative at.-- - I 134 | 2 


Baltimore and Ohio Railroad Company. Letter of the commissioners of 
the District of Columbia relative to the occupancy of certain streets by 
the _ __ 

Bankruptcy. Resolution providing for recommittal of the bill (H. H. 

tVMG) to CRl:ftblish a uniform system of 

Bankrupt tiill. Memorial of commercial bodies for the passage of 

238 i 4 

245 I 4 





ISaie. Concarrent resolutions by Mr., relative to obstruct iug the view of 
the equestrian statue of Andrew .Jackson by the erection of the Lafay- 
ette statue 

Kills. Resolution relating to printing private 

Blair. Statement of Charles L. Randall concerning mica industry pre- 
sented by Mr 

Blair. Resolution by Mr., to amend the rules of the Senate to fix the 

limit of debate 

Blair. Resolution by Mr., to amend the rules of the Senate 

]k>nded merchandise. Resolution of in(iuiry relative to the transship- 
ment of _ 1— - 

Benfoey, heirs of D. B. Memorial of 

Borchuj^t, Albert. Petition of. relative to the destruction of forests in 

the United States . 

Bradford, U. S. Navy, Commander. Letter of, relative to system of elec- 
tric lighting the Senate wing of the Capitol 

Brightwood I^ilway Comp^tny. Report oonoemihg the operations of the. 

Brown, George. Report of Court of Claims in case of 

Burt, G. Rodney, and others. Petition of, in relation to lands owned by 
, them in the Fiji Islands 

Business of the Senate. Resolution relative to the order of. (Part 2).. 

Business of the Senate. Amendments to resolution relating to 

Butler. Resolubioa directing the Sergeant-at-Arms to lease the Mai thy 
House - 


Cal i fornia. Resolution relative to war claims of _ 

Call. Resolution by Mr., relative to land contests in the State of Florida. 
Call. Resolution by Mr., relative to circuit court expenditures in Flor- 

Call . Resol ution by Mr. , relative to the Island of Cuba _ 

Call. Resolution by Mr. , relative to selection of swamp lands in Florida 

Call, Wilkinson. Resolution relative to remarks made by 

Call. Resolution by Mr., relative to the sale of lands claimed by the 

Florida Central and Peninsula Railroad Company ___ 

Call, Wilkinson. Order relative to remarks make by 

Call. Resolution by Mr., to amend Senate rules 

Call. Resolution directing an investigation of published statements 

touching Charles E. Swayne and Joseph Stripling 

Call. Rc^lution of inquiry by Mr., relative to the landing of an armed 

force ftrom the revenue-cutter MrLane 

Call, Wilkinson. Resolution of inquiry relative to remarks made by 

Call. Resolution by Mr., directing the preparation of a history of Senate 

bills and resolutions .\ 

Call. Resolution of inquiiy by Mr., relative to elevators in the Western 

States _ _ 

Call. Resolution by Mr., relative to the protection of American citi- 
zens in Cuba .- _ 

Cedar Keys, Fla. Resolution of inquiry relative to the landing of an 

armed force at 

Central American States. Resolution relative to reciprocity with the 

governments of the 

Chambers, Smiley N. Rescilntion of inquiry relative to charges against 
Chandler. Resolution by Mr., relative to organisations among navtd 

officers - 

Chandler. Concurrent resolution by Mr., relative to immigration laws. 
Chandler. Resolution by Mr., relative to the maltreatment of Henry J. 

Franz (Part 2) 

Chandler. Kesolution by Air., relative to the assn^-<i nation of Deputy 

United States Marshal W . B« Saunders at Quincy, Fla 

No. ! Vol. 


































































No. ! Vol. 

Chandler. Rcsolation by Mr., relatiTe to remarks made by Wilkinson 
Call, a Senator Irom the Stateof FJoridu 

Chandler. Resolution by Mr., to amend the rules of the Senate 

Charitable institations. lieport of commissioners relative to the exclusion 
of persons from, in the District of Columbia 

Chiel- Justice of the Supreme Court. Letter of, transmitting letter of the 
marshal of said court in response to Senate resolution calling for detailed 
statement of fees charged - 

Cherokee Indian tribe. Resolution authorizing investigation into the 
status of negotiations with 

Cherokee Nation. Remonstrance of the chief and delegates of the, against 
organizing a Territorial government for Oklahoma 

Chickasaw and Choctaw Indians. Memorial relating to lands of the 

Chinese immigration. Resolution requesting the President to furnish 
diplomatic correspondence relative to--^ ^ 

Chinese. Remonstrance of the Board of Foreign Missions of the Presby- 
terian Church of America against the proposed enumeration of the 

. Chinese. Concurrent resolution relative to the prevention ol the entry of, 
into the United States 

Citizens' Equal Rights Association of the United States of America. Ad- 

. dress of (Part2) 

Clerks of Senate committees. Letter of the Secretary of the Senate trans- 
mitting list of - 

CloTeland Vessel Owners' Association. Memorial of the, relative to 
St. Mary's Ship Canal 

Cockrell. Memorial of convention of commercial bodies for the passage 
of the Torrey bankrupt J)ill submitted by __. .. 

Coeur d'Alene Indians. Correspondence relative to the ratification of 
certain agreements between the U nited States and the 

Coin and bullion. Resolution of inquiry relative to 

Collins, Thomas T. Resolution of inquiry in relation to 

Commerce^ the schooner. In the matterof 

Commissioner of the General Land Office. Letter relative to entry in cer- 
tain cases . 

Confederate Government. Resolution of inquiry relative to records of the 
late so-called — _ ..._ 

Conlerence report. By Mr. Plumb on disagreement of the House on 
the bill (S. 2781) to forfeit certain railroad lands _. 

Congressional Directory (Parta 2 and 3) __. 

Consular fees. Resolution of inquiry relative to those paid consular oflieers 

Colored citia^ens. Resolutions adopted at a mass meeting in Boston, Mass ., 
praying for legislation to protect. -_^ 

Colorada Letter of the Commissioner of Fish and Fisheries relative to 
the erection of a fish hatchery in the State of __ 

Columbia River. Memorial of the legislature of the State of \Vasbin»ton 
relative to the removal of a bar in the ♦_. 

Coke. Resolution by Mr., relative to the protection of .luKtice Field 

Copenhagen. Letter of the Secretary of State relative to raising the urade 
of the American mission at 

Court of Claims. Findings of, in claim of Webster Shaffer 

Findings of, in case of George Brown 

Report of the, in sundry spoliation claims 

Findings of, in case of John N. Lynch 

Findings of, in case of George H. Plant 

Findings of, in case of E. A. Fish & Co 

Memorial of, relative to the improvement of the low- 
water channel of the Lower Mississippi River 

Cbwdon, John. Memorial of, relative to the protection from overfiow ot 
that portion of Washington City lying south of PenUvSylvania avenue. . 
Cowdon, John. Memorial of, relative to the improvement of the Missis- 
sippi River 

Cnllom. Resolution of inquiry by Mr., relative to the transshipment of 
bonded merchandise ._ 












I ' 

Court of Claims. 
Court of Claims. 
Court of Claims. 
Court of Claims. 
Court of Claims. 
Cowdon, John. 





007 I 

13 , 














153 . 






























Cullom. Resolution of int^uiiy by Mr., relative to the transshipment of 

merchandise in bond 1 

Cuba. Kesolution of inquiry relative to the island of 

Cuba. Resolution relative to the prot.e'itiou of American citizens in 

Currency. Letter of the Comptroller ot the, showing number of national 
banks, etc - — - 


Daniel. Resolution of inquiry by Mr., relative to State war claims 

Davis. Resolution of inquiry by Mr., relative to postmasters' claims in 

Dawes. Report by Mr., on letter from Secretiiry of the Interior trans- 
mitting copy of a communication from the Commissioner of Indian Af- 
fairs relative to coal leases in the Indian Territory 

De Laveleye, Emile. Paper by, on monetary contraction 

Delaware Bay, harbor of refuge. Letter of Secretary of War transmitting 
papers relative to 

Denver, Colo., Exchange. Memorial of, in relation to financial legisla- 
tion ^ _ --_ 

Delight^ the schooner. In the matter of 

District of Columbia. Report of Commissioners of the, on the cost of 
gas and electric lighting for the (Part 2) .. 

District of Colnmbia. Report of commissioners on employes of 

District of Columbia. Report of commissioners relative to charitable 
institutions in 

District of Columbia. Report of the president of the Brightwood Rail- 
way Company of the 

District of Colnmbia. Memorial of the Woman's Christian Temperance 
Union of the District of Columbia praying the prohibition of the liquor 
traffic in the , 

District of Columbia. Report relative to steps taken to render fire-proof 
the new eight-room school building in the. 

District of Colnmbia. Letter of the Commissioners of the, relative to 
permit granted the United States Electric Lighting Company 

District of Columbia. Communication of the commissioners of the, rela- 
tive to wages of laborers employed by the government of the 

District of Columbia. Conference report on bill making appropriations 
to provide for the expenses nf the government of the.^ 

District of Columbia. Letters of the commissioners of the, relative to 
the occupancy of certain streets by the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad 

District of Columbia. Conference report on bill to establish park in 

Dolph. Concurrent resolution by Mr., relative to the prevention of the 
entry of Chinese laborers into the United States 


Eckington and Soldiers' Home Railway Company. Report of the names 
of the stockholders of 

Edmunds. Resolution by Mr., relative to the hour of meeting of the 

Edmunds. Resolution directing an inquiry to be made into the adminis- 
tration of the office of the United States Pish Commissioner 

Edmunds. Reeolntion by Mr., relative to the appointment of Edward 
K. Valentine Sergeant-at-Arms of the Senate 

Edmnnds. Resolution by Mr., for the appointment of a committee to 
in vestigate the administrative service of the Senate . 

Edmunds. Order by Mr. , providing lor the suspension of certain ru les of 
the Senate 

Ed m unds. Concurrent resolution relative to adjou rnment offered by Mr. . 

Election, Federal. Petition of colored people of Birmingham, Ala., 
against , _ 





















6 1 
19 , 











j 177 ; 
1191 ,■ 






















Election law. nationaL Petition ior the paasage of, by (^ra Nat Hill .. 

Electric Lighting Company, l^etters of the Commissionen of the Dis- 
trict of Colombia in relation to the United States 

Electrical industry. Memorial and statement of the National Electric 
Light Association favoring a special oenoos investigation on 

Elective franchise. Petition of citizens of Utah to restrict the, in Utah.. 

Elberfeld, Germany. Memorial of Charles Forster in relation to the dis- 
continuance ot the United States consulate at 

fUevators. Resolution of inquiry in relation to, in Western States 

Electric lighting. Letter of Commander Bradford, U. S. Navy, and other 
papers, relative to the system of, in the Senate wing of the Capitol 

Ellis Island. Petition for the removal of the powder magazine at 

Elseffer, William L. Communication from, relative to the high-water 
condition of the lower Mississippi River 

Employ^ of the District of Columbia. Report of commissioners on the 

Entry.' To limit the right of, in certain cases 

Executive Mansion. Resolution relative to providing additional office- 
room and other accommodations in the 

Extraterritorial iurisdiction. Treatise on, by Adolph Hepner — 

FairhaTcn, Washington. Petition of citizens of, to make that city a sub- 
port of entiy . 

Farm products. Resolutions and memorial of the New Orleans Cotton Ex- 
change remonstrating against the passage of bill prohibiting dealings in 
options on 

Fanz, Henry J. Resolution concerning the maltreatment of 

Field, Justice. Resolntlon of inquiry relative to the protection of 

Fiji Islands. Petition of G. Rodney Buit and others in relation to 
land owned by them in the 

Fitch, E. A. & Co. Findings of the Court of Claims in case of 

Financial legislation. Memorial of Denver (Colo.) Exchanges in relation 
to — -— -. 

Fish Commissioner's Office. Resolution directing an inquiry to be made 
into the administration of the United States L 

Fish and Fisheries. Communication of CommisBioner of, giving statement 
of expenditures . 

Fish hatchery in Colorado. Letter of the Commissioner of Fish and Fish- 
eries relative to a .-. - 

Fish hatchery. Memorial of the Legislatuze of the State of Washington 
relative to the establishment of a 

Fisher, George S. Petitionof. 

Fish & Co. , E. N. Findings of Court of Claims In the case of 

Flandreau, S. Dak. Paper relative to the establishment of an Indian in- 
dustrial school at ^ 

Florida land contests. Resolution directing an investigation of 

Florida. Resolution of inquiry relative to circuit court expenditures in. 

Florida. Resolution relative to swamp land selections in 

Florida Central and Peninsula Railroad Company. Resolution relative 
to sale of lands claimed by the 

Florida. Coireapondence relative to swamp or overflowed lands in the 
State of- , _ 

Food products. Letter from the Interstate Commerce Commission in rel- 
ation to transportation rates on 

Forster, Charles. Memorial of, in relation to the discontinuance of the 
United States oo^isulate at Elberfeld, Grermany _ 

Forests in the United States. Petition of Albert Borchordt relative to 
the destruction ot 

Fortification appropriation bill. Conference report on the 

Franklin, Gen. William B., president of the bcMutl ot managers of the 
National Home for Disabled Soldiers. Letter of, relative to admission 
of ex-soldiers and sailors to the National Soldiers' Home 

French, Henry S., legal representative of. Resolution requiring re-en- 
rollment of bill for relief of ^- 

French spoliation olaims. {See Court of Claims) , 

No. Vol. 



197 I 









/139 I 

\128 ;) 
53 , 



173 ; 

165 I 













239 1 

9 i 




























Free delivery system. Resolution ot inquiry relative to cost of extension 
of- - 

Friends. Memorial of the society of, for Indiana and Illinois, remonstrat- 
ing against large expenditures for the Navy and coast deienses 


Galveston, Tex. Papers relative to the harbor at 

Gay, Lieutenant, of Metropolitan Police Force. Resolution relative to 

charges against . 

Georgetown Barge, Dock, Elevator, and Railway Ck>. Report of the 

president of the -.. 

Gibson. Resolution of inquiry by Mr., relative to the construction of a 

road to the Soldiers' Home 

Godfrey^ the schooner. In the matter of the , 

Gold and silver. Resolution in relation to 

Grant, Gen. U. 8. Concurrent resolution relative to the removal of the 

remains of • 

Gray. Resolntion by Mr, , in relation to furnishing fifty copies of Vol. 20, 

Statutes at Liarge, to Senate library 

Greece. Letter of the Secretary of State relative to the American rep- 
resentation at Athens . 


Hale. Resolution by Mr. , relative to the hour of meeting of the Senate. . 

Hall automobile torpedoes. Memoranda relative to 

Harris. Resolution by Mr., relative to printing bills for private claims 

or pensions 

Harris. Resolution requiring re-enrollment of bill for the relief of legal 

representatives ot Henry S. French submitted by Mr 

Hazeldine, William G. Memorial of, relative to constitution of New 


Henry, William Patrick. Memorial of 

Henry^ the brig. In the matter of - 

Henry, Mary A. Petition of ._- 

Hewson, M. B. Letter of, relative to levee system of the Mississippi 


Hepner, Add ph. Treatise on extraterritorial jurisdiction, etc, by 

Hill, Ezra Nat. Petition for the i>assage of a national election law 

Hoar. Resolution by Mr., relative to terms of the Senators from newly 

admitted States 

Hot Springs. letter of the managers of the National Soldiers' Home rela- 
tive to the establishment of a hospital at 

Hoar. Resolution by Mr. , relative to the importation of lumber 

Hops. Resol u tion relative to increasing the duty on 

Hoar. Order reported by Mr. , relative to remarks made by Wilkinson 

Call -- .- - 

Hoar. Resolution by Mr., to amend the rules of the Senate 

Howe, Silas Q. Resolution relative to the claim of 

Hoar. Amendments by Mr., to resolution relative to the order of busi- 
ness of the Senate. 
Hoar. Petition of manufacturers and importers of velveteens and cor- 
duroys for a modification. Presented by Mr 

Hoar. Petition of E. N. Hill for the passage of national election law. 

Submitted by Mr 

Homcsteadenw Letter of Commissioner of the General Land Ofilce de- 



















Idaho. Constitution of 

Immi^ratiou. Concurrent resolution relative to 































Indian depredation claims. Memorial of the legislatnre of the State of 
WasiiingtOD relative to the settlenientof -- 

Indian lodnstrial School. Paper relating to the establishment of, at 
Flandrean, S. Dak .__ __ __ 

Indian Territory. Letter of the Secretary of the Interior transmitting 
commnnication from Commissioner of Indian Afifairs relative to coal 
leases in , 

Indian Territory. Kesolntion of inqniry relative to coart practice in the . 

Industrial Christian Home. Report of the Utah Commission on 

Inicalls. Resolation of inquiry by Mr., relative to remarks made by 
Wilkinson Call 

Ingalls. Resolution of inqniry by Mr., relative to Thomas T. Collins, an 
American citizen, doing business in the Philippine Islands _. 

Infsalls. Conference report on the bill (S. 4) to establish a public park 
in the District of Columbia, submitted by Mr :_ 

Interior, Sectretary of the. Letter transmitting report relative to des- 
titution in Oklahoma 

International arbitration. Concurrent resolution to provide for 

Interstate Commerce. Resolution directing the Committee on, to inqnire 
and report concerning arrangements alleged to have been made be- 
tween firms owning elevators and transportation companies . 

Interstate Commerce Commission. Letter from the, in relation to trans- 
portation rates on food products 

Irrigation. Resolution to continue the Senate Committee on 

Irrigation. Report in relation to, by artesian wells 











IM ! 















Jersey City, N. J. Petition of the board of trade of, fot the removal of 
the powder magazine from Ellis Island 

Joanna^ the ship. In the matter of 

Joint Rules. Concurrent resolution to prepare Code of 

Jones, of Nevadik Resolution authorizing an investigation into the 
status of negotiations with the Cherokee tribe of Indians, reported by. . 

Juno. Report of Court of Claims in the matter of the brig 

Laborers. Communication of the Commissioners of the District of Co- 
lombia relative to wages paid to, by the District governments 

Labor. Letter of the Acting Commissioner ot, relative to the cost of 
steel rails in the United States. ; 

Labor. Letter of the Commissioner of, relative to the cost of labor in tho 
manufacture of steel rails in Great Britain and on the continent 
of Europe. 

Labor and capital. Resolution to investigate ^. 

Lafayette statue. Concurrent resolution relating to the site of the 

Land Office. Commissioner of General, letter of, relative to title ol home- 

Land Office. Commissioner of General, letter transmitting report relative 
to right of entry ; 

Lands. Memorial relative to, of the Choctaw and Chickasaw nations. . . 

Lands. Correspondence relative to swamp or overflowed, in the State of 

Library of Congress. Report of Chief of Engineer, V. S. Army, on the 
construction of the ._! 

Library of Congress. Annual report of the, for the year 1H89 

Lincoln, Nebraska. Resolutions adopted at a meeting of citizens of, rela- 
tive to a public building at that place 

Liquor traffic, alcoholic. Statement made before the Senate Committee 
on Education and Labor..,. _. 

I jquors. Resolution to prevent the sale of, in the Senate wing of the 

Loans. Resolution relative to government, on real estate 

Lucy, the brig. In the matter oC 

Lumber. Resolution in relation to the importation of _. 





































Lynch, John A. Findings of the Court of Claims in the caase of. 

McPhenon. Resolution of inquiry by Mr., rolative to the labor coat in 
one ton of steel rails. (Part 2.) 

3IitLane. Resolution of inquiry relative to the landing of an armed force 
at Cedar Keys, Florida, Irom the re venne-cntter 

Mail service. Memorial relative to the establishment of bonded, between 
Tampa, Fla., and Aspinwall, South America 

Maltby Honse. Resolution directinu; the Sergeant-at-Arms to lease the. . 

Mandeison. Petition by Mr., ot Dr. Mary K Walker, praying for com- 
pensation for services during the late war 

Manderson. Resolution by Mr., to print treaties on extra territorial ju- 
risdiction - -.. 

Manderson. Resolution by Mr., relative to abandoned military reserva- 
tions - - 

Manderson. Resolution })y Mr., relative to the Nebraska boundary line. 

Military reservations. Resolution relative to abandoned 

Maricoba County. Memorial in reference to the bill authorizing the issue 
ot certain bonds , 

Monetary contraction. Paper prepared by Emile De Laveleye relative to. 

Merchandise in bond. Resolution of inquiry relative to the transhipment 
of - 

Mexico. Letter of the Secretary of State relative to the acquisition of ter- 
ritory from, for a deep-water harbor 

M ica industry. Statemen t of Charles L. Randall concerning 

Military wagon-road. Memorial of the legislature of the State of Wash- 
ington relative to, along the Straits of San Juan de Fuca 

Milroy, Mi^. Gen. R. H. Memorial of the legislature of the State of 
Washington praying that, be placed on the retired-list of the U. S. 





205 1 


150 1 

93 ' 


226 i 




10 I 












Mint. Letter of the Director of the, in relation to silver coinage 

Mississippi River. Memorial of John Cowden in relation to the improve- 
ment of the low-water channel of the 

M ississippi River Commission. Memorial of citizens of Vicksburg, Miss. , 
relative to appropriation for the 

Mississippi River. Resolution of the Southern Press Association and of a 
convention held at Vicksburg relative to the improvement of the 

Mississippi River. Letter of M. B. Hunson relative to the levee system 
of the 

Mississippi River. Communication of William L. Elseffer in relation to 
high-water condition of the lower 

Mississippi River. Memorial of committee of the Merchants' Exchange 
of St Louis, Mo. , in relation to the improvement of the 

M ississippi River. Memorial of John Cowdon relative to the improvement 
of the 

Mitchell. Resolution by Mr., relative to Chinese immigration 

Mitchell. Resolution by Mr., relative to cost of extension of the free-de- 
livery system 

Mitchell. Resolution by Mr,, relative to coin and bullion. ... 

MitchelL Resolution by Mr., relative to reciprocity between this Gov- 
ernment and the Republics of South America and Central American 
States _ 

Mitchell. Resolution of inquiry by Mr., relative to records of the late 
so-called Confederate States . 

Mitchell. Resolution by Mr., relative to increasing the duties on hops.. 

Morgan. Resolution offered by Mr. , instructing Senate conferrees on Sen- 
ate bill 2718 in relation to railroad land grants 

MoEgan. Resolution offered by Mr. , Northern Pacific Railroad Company, 
relative to claims of settlers 

Morgan. Petition presented by, from Alabama, colored people of Bir- 
mingham, against the Federal election bill 

Morgan. Resolution by Mr., providing for a recess of the Senate 

Morgan. Resolution by Mr., relative to the reference of private claims 
of citizens of the United Stales against foreign governments 

188 ' 

189 I 










90 ' 





















No. Vol. 

Mallan, Dennis W., U. S. Navy. Papers lelative to conferring ^ g;o1d ' 
medal apon Commander _ 

National Electric Light Association. Memorial and statement of the.. 

National Banks. Letter of the ComptrpUer of the Currency showing 
nomber of 

National Mosenm. Letter of the Secretary of the Smithsonian Institu- 
tion relative to a building for the accommodation ol the .-_ : 

Naval officers. Resolution of inquiry relative the organizations among . . 

National Academy of Sciences. Report of the, for the year 1888 . _ 

Navy and coast defenses. Memorial of the Society of Friends of southern 
and western Indiana and Illinois remonstrating against large expendi- 
tures for the 

New Mexico. Memorial in relation to the constitution of 

Nebraska boundary line. Resolution of inquiry relative to .... 

New Orleans Cotton Exchange. Resolutions and memorial adopted by 
the, remonstrating the passage of the fi utter worth option bill 

Northern Pacific Railway lands. Memorial of the legislature of the State 
of Washington relative to certain _ 

Nooksachk River. Memorial of the legislature of the State of Washing- 
ton relative to the improvement of the 


Oklahoma. Memorial of a convention of, held at Oklahoma City, pray- 
ing for the adjustment of contests growing out of settlement upon town- 
sites in the Territory of 

Oklahoma. Remonstrance of the officers of the Cherokee Nation against 
organizing the Territory of __ _. 

Oklahoma. Letter of the Secretary of the Interior transmitting reports 
relative to the destitution now existing in the Territory of 








116 ' 







10 i 



\ VMi 






Offices, new. Appropriations for __ ' 244) 

p ' 




Patents, Commissioner of. Annual report of _. ' 78 

Park. Conference report on the bill (S. 4) to establish public, in District ; 
of Columbia submitted __ 24',> 

Palonse River. Memorial of the legislature of the State of Washington ' 
relative to the improvement of the | 6h 

packet, the sloop. In the matter of ^ ._. 3.') 

Packwood. William. Memorial of the legislature of the State ot Wash- 
ington relative to . .. 6*i 

Pacific sea-coast. Memorial of the Chamber ot Commerce of Seattle, 
Wash., for an appropriation sufficient to place the, in a condition of de- 
fense - _ 222 

Peace Congress. Letter of the Secretary of State transmitting dispatch 
of United States minister at Paris in relation to the i 124 

Pnyallnp Indian Reservation. Memorial of the legislature of the State 
of Washington relative to the construction of a railway through the. . . iji) 

Pettigrew. Resolution of inquiry by Mr., relative to l^ock Creek Park. . 14(> 

Plant, George H. Findings by the Court of Claims in the case of 1 50 

Piatt. Memoriid of the Prescott and Arizona Central Railway Com pany for 
the passage of a bill authorizing Maricopa County to issue certain bonds 
submitted by .» 241 

Piatt. Letter of the Secretary of the Interior transmitting reports rela- 
tive to destitution in Oklahoma 220 

Plumb. Resolution by Mr. , relative to patents for lands within the limits 
of the grant to the Union Pacific Railway Company 37 

Plumb. Resolution by Mr., relative to Alaska seal fisheries 40 

Plumb. Concurrent resolution by Mt., relative to increasing the pur- 
chase and coinage of silver bullion (Part 2) . . 1.32 

Plumb. Resolution by Mr., directing the preparation of a statement to 
acoompanj the tarifiTbill _ 151 











I'lumb. CoDcarrent resolution by Mr., relative to the removal of the re- 
mains of General U. S. Grant _• 

Plumb. ^ liesolutiou by Mr., relative to charges against Lieutenant Gny. 
ot the Metropolitan police force __ 

Plumb. . Resolution by Mr., to prevent the sale of liquors in the Senate 
wing of the Capitol.l 

Plumb. Conference report on disagreement of the House on the bill (S. 
2781) to forfeit certain railroad lands. . - 

Plumb. Letter of Commissioner of General Land Office i-elative to titles 
ot homesteaders submitted by. (SecS. 4176) 

Plumb. Letter from the Secretary ot the Interior transmitting letter 
from Cpmmissioner of the General Land Office 

Plumb. Resolution providing for recommittal of the bill (H. R. 3316) 
to establish a uniform system of bankruptcy presented by Mr 

Plumb. Resolution relating to labor and capital submitted by Mr 

Port Townsend, Wash. Memorial of the Chamber ol Commerce, praying 
the appointment of a commission to select a suitable position for a dry- 
dock on the har))or of 

Port Townsend. Memorial of the legislature of the State of Washington 
praying the removal of obstructions between the bay of Port Townsend 
and Oak Bay 

Portland, Oregon. Memorial of the Board of Trade ot, praying an appro- 
priation for the erection of a custom-house in 

Post-office of Washington, D. C. Communication relative to a site for 
the city • 

Postmasters' claims. Resolution ol inquiry relative to those in Minne- 

Postmasters' claims. Resolution o( inquiry relative to, for the State ol 

Postmaster-General. Resolution directing the, to make inquiry relative 
to records of the late so-called Confederate States 

Presbyterian Church of America. Remonstrance of the Board of Foreign 
Missions of the, against the enumeration of Chinese 

Prescott and Arizona Central Railway Company, in reference to bill to 
authorize the donnty of Maricopa to issue certain bonds 

President of the United States. Message of the, in regard to the neu- 
trality and autonomous government of the Samoan Islands 

President pro tempore of the Senate. Resolution relative to the election ol 

Private claims. Resolution relative to the refiprence of, of citizens of the 
United States against foreign governments 

Prohibition of the alcoholic liquor traffic Statement before the Com- 
mittee on Education and Labor 

Public Printer. Annual report of the 


i Vol. 



1 4 










1 4 




238 • 























Quadro-Centennial Committee. Resolution for appointment of 

Quadro-Centennial Committee. Resolution authorizing the, to employ a 


Quay. Resolution by Mr., instructing the Sergeant-at-Arms to make no 

changes in his subordinates — 

Quay. Resolution by Mr., relative to the consideration of legislative 

business (Part 2) 




i 214 


Railroad land grants. Northern Pacific, relative to claims of settlers — 
Railroad land grists. Resolution instructing the Senate conterrees on 

Senate bill27Si in relation to 

Railroad lands. Conference report on disagreement of the House to the 

bill (S. 2781) to forfeit certain railroad lands 

Randall, Chas. L. Statement concerning the mica iudustry 

/Sany^, the brig. In the matter of 










Heal estate. Resolation relative to Govern men t loans on _ 

Khey, Geoxge. Memorial of, relative to repeal of law providini; for the 

coinage of gold and silver money, etc .. _ » 

Kock Creek Park, District of Columbia. Uesolntion of in<juiry relative 

to the asBeescd valne of land embraced within 

Koaecrans, W. S. Letter of, relative to acconnta due to and from the 

United States _ 

Rnles of the Senate. Resolution providing for the amend men t of the 

Rules of the Senate. Resolution relative to amending the 

Rnles of the Senate. Resolution to amend the 

Rales of the Senate. Resolution to amend the 

Ralesof the Senate. Resolation to suspend certain 

Rules of the Senate. Resolation to amend the, to tix the limit of debate 


St Louis Merchants' Exchange. Memorial of, relative to the improve- 
ment of the Mississippi River [ 

St. Mary's Ship Canal. Memorial of the Cleveland Vessel-Owners' Asso- i 
ciation in relation to the completion of the improvements of 

St Paul and St. George. Letter of the Secretary of the Treasury in rela- 
tion to leasing of the rights to engage in taking fur-seals from the isl- i 
andsof ___| 

Samoa. Letter of the Acting Secretary of State communicating advices ! 
of the political situation in . 

Samoan Islands. Message of the President in relation to the neutrality 
and autonomous government of the i 

Sault Ste. Marie Canal. Petition of the Western Iron Ore Association in , 
relation to the _ ... j 

Saunders, W. B. Resolution of inquiry relative to the assassination of | 
deputy United States marshal ; 

Sea-coast defenses. Mem<vial of Chamber of Commerce of Seattle, 
Wash., for _J 

Seal fisheries. Resolution relative to _. 

Se;ittle. Memorial of Chamber of Commerce, relative to Pacific sea- ; 
coast defenses 

Senate, Secretary of. Annual report of, showing receipts and expeudi- : 
tares _ | 

Senators. Resolution relative to terms of those from newly-admitted • 
States — _ . 

Sergeant>At-Arms. Resolution directing the, to lease the Maltby House ! 

Sergeant-at-Ajrms of the Senate. Resolution to appoint Edward K. Vul- 
entine _., 

Shaffer, Webster. Report of Court of Claims relative to claim of ! 

Sherman. Concurrent re^>lution by Mr., relative to negotiations forar- j 
bitration of disputes between nations ! 

Sherman. Resolution relative to the hour of meeting of the Senate 

Shy, Samuel. Petition of _ _ ' 

Siam. Letter of the Secretary of State in relation to the legation prcm- ! 
iaesat _ __ ' 

Silver bullion. Concurrent resolution relative to increasing the purchases 
and coinage of (part 2)..- __ _ __.i 

Silver coinage. Letter of the Director of the Mint relative to 

Soldiers' Home. Resolution of inquiry relative to the construction of a ' 
road to the ; 

Soldiers' Home. Letter of General William B. Franklin, president, trans- 
mitting certain inlornmtion in relation to the admission of ex-soldiers ' 
and sailors to the _ j 

South America. Resolution relative to reciprocity with the Kepubicsof 

Soathern States. Petition of citizens of Union County, Ark., for legis- 
lation for the protection of voters in the 

.'^Iftilter, Albert D. Petitio!! ol 

»Si)oliutiuu. Keport of the Court of Claims ou sundry claims - 



































































• > 





Spooner. liesolution by Mr., relative to providing additional office room 
and other accommodations in the Execative Mansion 

SlK>oiier. Resolution of inqniry by Mr., relative to court practice in the 
Indian Territory 

Squire. Memorial of the Chamber of Commerce of Seattle, Washington, 
relating to an appropriation for sea-coast defenses, submitted by Mr. 

Squire. Memorial of Chamber of Commerce of Seattle, Washington, 
submitted by Mr _ 

Stanford. Hesolutiou by Mr., relative to California war claims .... 

Stanford*. Resolution by Mr., relative to Government loans on real 
estate -- 

State. Letter of the Acting Secretary of, transmitting advices of the 
political situation in Samoa.. 

State. Letter of the Secretary of, relative to the acquisition of territory 
from Mexico, for a deep-water harbor 

State. Letter of the Secretary of, transmitting dispatch in relation to 
the Peace Congress 

State. Letter of the Secretary of, in relation to legation premises at 

State. I^etter of the Secretary of, recommending the advancement of the 
American legation in the Empire of Turkey 

State. Letter of the Secretary of, in relation to the American representa- 
tive at Athens, Greece 

State. Letter of the Secretary of, relative to raising the grade of the 
American mission at Copenhagen 

State war claims. Resolution relative to 

Steel rails. Letter of the Acting Commissioner of Labor transmitting an 
analysis of costs of 1 ton of, in the United States 

Steel rails. Resolution relative to the labor cost in 1 ton of (part 2) 

Steel rails. Letter of the Commissioner of Labor relative to the cost of 
labor in the manufacture of a ton of, in Great Britain and on the conti- 
nent of Europe , 

Stewart. Resolution by Mr., to continue Committee on litigation 

Stripling, Joseph, U, S. marshal. Resolution relative to 

Sundry civil appropriation bill. Conference report and statement sub- 
mitted by Mr. Allison on the 

Supreme Court. Letter of Chief-Justice of, transmitting letter of mar- 
shal in response to Senate resolution i 

Swayne, Judge Charles E. Resolution relative to 

Swinomish Channel. Memorial of the legislature of the State of Wash- 
ington praying an appropriation for dredging -_ 

Senate administrative service. Resolution for committee to investigate 

Senate. Amendments by Mr. Hoar to resolution relative to the order of 
business of the «. 

Senate bills and resolutions. Resolution directing the preparation of a 
history of. 

Senate library. Resolution relative to fnrnisbing 50 copies of volume 20 
Statutes at Large to the ._ 

Senate. Letter of the Secretary of the, transmitting list of clerks of 
committees of the 

Senate. Resolution relative to the election of a President pro lempore of 
the -.- _ 



Senate. Resolution fixing the hour of the meeting of the 


Senate. Resolution directing the Sergeiint-at-Arms of the, to make no 

changes in hissul)ordinates 

Senate. Resolution relative to the hour of the meeting of the 

Senate. Resolution providing for a recess of the 

Senate. Resolution relative to the order of business of the (part 2) | 

Senate. Secretary of the, annual report of the, showing property of 
the Ignited States in his posseasion .._ 

Senate wing of the Capitol. Resolution to prevent the sale of liqnors in 
the _ 



• >ilO 

16 I 
104 I 

84 , 


112 i 

124 i 





212 I 
147 j 

200 I 


70 ' 
219 I 
















215 I 
















T« riff revision. Kesolution relative to , 

Tampa, Fla. Memorial in relation to the establishment of bonded mail 

sendee between Aspinwall, 8onth America, and ... 

Tariff bilL Resolution in relation to statement to accompany the 

Tariff tables „-, _ - - -- 

Tariff. Proposed agreement for the consideration of bill H. K. 9416, re- 
lating to _ - 

Teller. Resolution by Mr. , in relation to gold and silver 

Texas ooAfit. Papers in relation to ports on the.. 

Torpedoes. Memoranda relative to HalPs automobile 

Treasury. Letter of the Secretary of the, relative to leasing rights to en- 
gage in taking fur-seals finom the islands of St. Paul and St. George. 

Treasury. Letter of the Acting Secretary of the, transmitting statement 
of buildings wanted by the various Departments in the city of Wash- 
ington _ 

Treasury. Letter of the Secretary of the, relative to bill to determine 
and settle final balances of accounts due to and from the United States 

Government . 

Treasury. Letter of the Secretary of the, relative to issuing and record- 
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Treasury Department. Letter relative to issuing and recording commis- 
sions in the 

Trust goods. Resolution relative to the seizure of 

Turkey. Letter of the Secretary of State relative to. the advancement of 

the American legation in the Empire of ^ 

Turpie. Resolution by Mr., relative to the seizure of trust goods 

Tarpie. Resolution of inquiry by Mr., relative to postmasters' claims 

from the State of Indiana ..^ 

Tnrpie. Resolution by Mr., relative to the claim of Silas Q. Howe..... 





178 . 


'J21 , 






m ' 






75 1 


100 i 

126 , 

126 ; 



18 : 

183 i 







United States Government. Report relative to the settlement of final 
balances of accounts due to and from the 

Union^ the sloop. In the matter of. __ 

Union Ckmnty, Arkansas. Petition of citizens of, for legislation for the 
protection of voters in the Southern States ._ 

Union Pacific Railway Company. Hesolntion of inquiry relative to pat- 
ents to lands within the grant of the ._ -_. 

Utah. Petition of citizens of, to rastrict the elective franchise in the Ter- 
ritory oi 

Utah Industrial Christian Home . Report of commission on 


Velveteens and coL-duroys. Manufacturers oi', praying a modification of 
duty on \.. -,..--. 

Vest. Resolution by Mr., relative to fees paid consular officers 

Vicksburg, Miss. Memorial of citizens of, in relation to appropriations 
for the Mississippi River Commission 

Venus, the brig. In the matter of 

Voorhees. Resolution by Mr., relative to a revision of the tariff 

Voorhees. Resolution by Mr., relative to charges against Smiley N 
Cliambers _. 

Voorhees. Resolution by Mr., relative to leasing right to take fur-seals. 

Voorhees. Resolution by Mr., relative to agricultural interests .. 






230 i 







24 1 


4'> i 





106 i 



Walker, Dr. Mary K. Petition of, prayiuj; compensatiou for services 

during the late war __ .. 

War claims. Resolution of inquiry relative to State 









No. VoL 

War. Letter of the Secretary of, tniDsmitting papers relative to a harbor 

of refuge near the month of Delaware Bay .. 

Washington. Memorial of the Legislature of the State of, rehitive to the 

navigation of Gray's River . 

Washington. Memorial of the Legislature of the State of, pniying the 

appointment of a commissioner to investigate losses sustained by 

settlers by reason of Indian hostilities \. 

Washington. Memorial of the Legislature of the State of, relative to the 

selection of lands granted to that State 

Washington. Memorial of the Legislature of the State of, relative to 

William Pack wood 

Washington. Memorial of the Legislature of the State of, relative to N. 

P. Lands 

Washington. Memorial of the Legislature of the State of, relative to a 

military wagon-road along the Straits of Sao Juan de Fnca 

Washington . Memorial of the Legislature of the State of, praying nn 

appropriation for the improvement of certain rivers in _. 

Washington. Memorial of the Legislature of the State of, relative to the 

construction of a railway through the Poyallup Indian Reservation ... 
Washington. Memorial of the Legislature of the State of, relative to the 

removal of a bar in the Columbia River 

Washington. Memorial of the Legislature of the State of, praying an 

appropriation for the improvement of Palouse River 1 

Washington. Memorial of the Legislature of tl 9 State of, praying the 

improvement of the Nooksachk River 

Washington. Memorial of the I^eislature of the State of, praying an 

appropriation for dredging Swinomish Channel 

Washington. Memorial of the Legislature of the State of, relative to 

sinking artisian wells .__ -.. 

Washington. Memorial of the Legislature of the State of, relative to 

establishing a fish hatchery in * ■.,^. 

Washington. Memorial of the Legislature of the State of, praying that 

Miy. Gen. R. H. Milroybe plaoH.l on the retired list of the Army 

Washington City. Letter of the Acting Secretary of the Treasury, trans- 
mitting statement of buildings rent^ by the various departments in.. 
Washington, D. C. Communication relative to a site for the city post- 
office of. _ - 

Washington. Memorial of the Legislature of the State of, praying the re- 
moval of obstructions between the Bay of PortTownsend and Oak Bay. 
Washington City. Memorial of John Cowdon, relative to the protection 

from overflow of that portion of, lying south of Pennsylvania avenue.. 
Western Iron Ore Association. Petition of, relative to the Sault Ste. 

Marie Canal 

William^ the ship. In the matter 

Wool industry. Memorial of committee of the National Convention of 

Wool-Growers in relation to the 

Wool. Memorial of the Wool Consumers' Association praying for a 

reduction or abolition of the duty on _ 

Wyoming. Memorial of State constitutional convention of, praying for 

admission of 







































: 4 



51st Congress, \ SENATE. < Mis. Doc. 

1st Session. J ) No. 164. 


June 12, 1890.— Ordered to be printed. 

Mr. Edmunds submitted the following 

Resolved^ That Edward K. Valentine be, and he is hereby, api)ointed 
SergeaDt-at-Arms of the Senate, to take office on the thirtieth day of 
Jane, eig^hteen hundred and ninety. 


$• mis. t—rl 


51st Congress, \ SENATE. i Mis. Doo. 

1st Session. § \ No. 165. 


Junk 16, 1890. — Referred to the Committee on Indian AJQfairs and ordered to be printed. 

Letter from the Assistant Clerk of the Court of Claims transmitting find- 
ings filed bg said court in the case of B, N, Fish d^ Co., and other 

Court op Claims, Clerk's Office, 

Washington^ June 14, 1890. 

Sir : Parsuant to the order of the court I trausmit herewith a certi- 
fied copy of thd findings filed by the said Ooart of Claims in the afore- 
said causes, which case was referred to this court by the Committee on 
Indian Affairs of the Senate, under the act of March 3, 1883. 
I am, veiy respectfully, yours, etc, 

John Bandolph, 
Assistant ClerJcj Court of Claims. 

Hon. President of the Senate of the United States. 

(Court of Claims. Cozijn^eBaional Caae, Ko. 1158. E . N. FiBh & Co. «# . United States.] 

At a Court of Claims held at the city of WaBhington on the 26th day of May, A. D. 
1890^ the court filed the following statement of case and findings of fact, to wit : 


The claim or matter in the above-entitled case was transmitted to the conrt by the 
Committee on Indian Aft'airs of the Senate on the22d day of Jnly, 1886. 

John Mnllan and W. B. King, esqs., appeared for claimant, and the Attorney-Gen- 
eral, by Henry M. Foote, his assistant, and under his direction, appeared for the 
defense and protection of the interests of the United States. 

The case having been brought to a hearinc on the 7th day of May, 1^^, the court 
upon the evidence and after considering the oriefii and arguments of counsel on both 
sides, finds the facts to be as follows : 

• I. 

The claimants, Edward N. Fish and Simon Silverborg, were partners, as mer- 
chants, doing a general mercantile business in Tucson, Ariz., under the firm name of 
E. N. Fish & Co., in the year 1873. In the summet of 1873 the Indians at the San 
Carlos Indian Reservation, in Arizona, were turbulent, and an outbreak was ex- 
pected, to prevent which it was necessary* to furnish them rations regularly. No 
safficiont flour for issue to said Indians being then on hand, Capt. William H. Brown, 
Fifth Cavalry, U. S. Army, then acting as Indian agent at that agency, came to the 
claimants at Tucson, Aris., in the latter part of August, 1873, and represenied these 
facts to them, and urgently requested them to furnish and deliver, at their own ex- 
pense, 100,000 pounds of flour at this reservation, and assured them of payment there- 


for witbiu thirty days, agreeing to pay for said flour, inclading transportation by 
wacons to said reservation, a distance of over 200 miles from Tucson, Axiz., for first 
quality 13 cents per ponnd^ ftnd for seconds 11 cen ts per pound. 


On the 2d dajr of September, 1873, the claimants delivered flour at said reservation 
as follows, to wit : 

(50,000 pounds of seconds, at 11 cents per pound |6,600 

40,000 pounds of first quality, at 13 cents per pound 5,200 

Total 11,800 


The claimants have received on account from the United States the following sums 
of money for said flour, to wit : 

Bydraftof July 21, 1884 $5,750 

By draft of May 25, 1885 1,750 

Bydraftof Novembers, 1888 2,500 

Leaving a balance still unpaid of 1 1,800 


The reason for non-payment of the full amount claimed was that the Second Comiv 
iroller was not satisfied that the flour was worth the amount claimed per pound. 

The claimants have since the reference of this claim to this court taken testimony 
as to the value of the flour at the date of purchase and place of delivery, stated herein, 
and the court finds as a fact that said flour was worth the amount herein claimed. 

By tub Court. 

Filed May 26, 1890. 

A true copy. 

Test this 14th day of June, A. D. 1890. 

[SEAL.] John Randolph, 

Aesistani Clerks Court of Claima, 

ICourt of Claims. CoD^osaional case No. 1158.) W. B. Hugas, for the use of £. K. Fish & Co., m. The 

United Stetes.] 

At a Court of Claims hold in the city of Washington on the 26th day of May, A. D. 
ii^JO, the court tiled the following statement of case and findings of fact, to wit : 


The claim or matter in the above-entitled case was transmitted to the court by the 
Committee on Indian Affairs of the Senate on the 22d day of July, 1886. 

John MuUan and W. B. King, esqs., appeared for claimant, and the Attorney-Gen- 
eral, by Henry M. Foote, his assistant, and under his direction, appeared for the de- 
fense and piotection of the interests of the United States. 

The case having been brought to a hearing on the 7th day of May, 1890, the court, 
upon the evidence, and after considering the briefs and arguments of counsel on both 
sides, finds the fact« to be as follows: 


(1) In the year 1873 the claimant, Wilbur B. Hugns, was a merchant doing a gen- 
eral mercantile business at Tucson, Aris. In the summer of 1873 the Indians at the 
San Carlos Indian Reservation, in the Territory of Arizona, were very turbulent, and 
an outbreak was feared. To prevent this it was necessary to furnish them rations 
regularly. No snfiQoient supply of rations for issue to said Indians bein^ then on 
hand. C'apt. William H. Brown, Fifth Cavalry, U. S. Army, then acting Indian agent 
at said agency, came to this claimant at Tucson, Ariz., and represented to him the 


condition above stated, and reqneated him to furnish daring the months of Jnly, 
Angost, and September, 1873, varions necessaries or supplies then required at said 
agency, and assured him that payment would be made within thirty da^'s, agreeing 
to pay, iuclndin^ transportation by wasons to said reservation, a distance of over 
200 miles, the prices stated in the schedule recited in the next finding. 

(2) The following-named supplies were delivered by this claimant at said reserva- 
tion on the dates therein stated : 

July 10,1873, 40,000 pounds flour, at 12t^ cents 15, 100. 00 

1,000 pounds soap, at23cent8 230.00 

Aug. 15, 1873, 25,000 pounds flour, at l:< cents 3,250.00 

Sept, 10, 1873, 15,290 pounds flour, at 13 cents 1,987.70 

300 pounds coffee, at 40 cents 120.00 

260 pounds soap, at 23 cents 46.00 

30 pounds tobacco, at $2 60.00 

30 pounds candles,at50 cents 15.00 

8,000 pounds hay, at 1^ cents 120.00 

Toi4iX 10,928,70 

(3) The following sums of money hare been paid on account by the United States 
for said supplies : 

By draft of Jnly 21, 1884 |5,076.18 

By draft of March 16,1885 3,452.32 

8, 523. no 

Leaving a balance still unpaid of 2,400.20 

The delay in payment has not been due to any fault or negligence on the part of 
this claimant. The reason for non-payment of the full amount claimed was that the 
Second Comptroller was not satisfied that the supplies were worth the amount charged 
per pound. 

(4) The claimant has since the reference of this claim to this court taken testimony 
as to the value of said supplies at the date of purchase and place of delivery, as 
stated, and the court finds as a fact that said supplies were worth the whole amount 
herein claimed. 

(5) The vouchers issued for said supplies were indorse<l and assigned by the claim- 
anty W. B. Hugiis, to the firm of £. N. Fish & Co., consisting of E. N. Fish and Simon 
Silverberg, merchants, then doing business at Tucson, Ariz., partly in payment of an 
indebtedness of said Wilbur B. Hngus, the claimant, to said E. Is. Fish & Co., and 

Sartly in cash at their face value. At the time when said vouchers were thus iu> 
orsed it was customary in the Treasury Department and in the Indian Bureau to 
recognize similar assignments and indorsements of vouchers ah valid. All paymente 
which have so far been made upon this claim have been paid over by this claimant 
to said assignees, E. N. Fish & Co., and said Hugos has always fully recognised the 
right of E. N. Fish & Co. thereto. He has filed a formal petition expressly recinesting 
that the balance found due herein may be paid by the Government to E. N. Fish «& Co., 
the assignees herein, and not to him. 
Filed May 26, 1890. 

By the Court. 
A true copy. 

Test this 14th day of June, A. D. 1890. 
[seal.] John Randolph, 

Assistant Clak Court of Claims, 

iCoart of Claims. CoDcrreMionnl casto Ko. 1168. Jfitnea H. Barney, for tbe use of Bowers &. "Rich- 

ar«U, V8. The Uiiiteil Stat^^H.J 

At a Court of Claims held in tlie city of Washington, on the 26th day of May, A. 
D. 18£i0y tbe court filed the following statement of case and findings of fact, to wit: 


The claim or matter in the above-entitled case wns transmitted to the conrt by the 
Coromtttee on Indian Affairs of the Senate on the 22d day of July, 1886. 

John MolJan and W. B. JCiug, esqs., appeared for claimant and the Attorney-Gen- 
eral, by Henry M. Foote, his assistant, and under his direction, appeared for the de- 
fense and pioteetioQ of the intereHts of the United States. 


The case having been brought to a hearing on the 7th day of May, 1890, the conrt, 
upon the evidence and after considering the briefs and arguments of counsel on both 
sides, finds the facts to be as follows : 


1. A written contract was made between the claimant and the United States on the 
2dth of Juno, 1873, the United States acting through Edward P. Siiiitb, Commissioner 
of Indian Affairs, whereby the claimant agreed to furnish to the United States 
2,000,000 pounds, more or less, of fresh beef, to be delivered on the hoof to various 
Indian reservations in Arizona, during the fiscal year ending June 30. 1874, at tho 
rate of 5 cents per pound. The material clauses of said contract are as follows : 

"Articles of lu^reement made and entered into this 28th day of June, A. D. 1873^ 
between Edward P. Smith, Commissioner of Indian Afiairs^ for and in behalf of the 
United States, of the first part, and James M. Barney, of Arizona City, Yuma County, 
Arizona Territory, of the second part, witncsseth : ' 

"(1) That the said party of the second part, for himself, his heirs, executors, and 
administrators, hereby covenants and agrees with said party of the first part to fur- 
nish and deliver to the United States Indian agencies nituated at the Colorado River, 
Camp Venle, Chiricahua and White Mountain, San Carlos and Camp Apache divis- 
ions, Indian reservations, in Arizona Territory, 2,000,000 pounds, more or less, of 
fresh beef on the hoof, hides and all refuse incinded, during the fiscal year ending 
June 30, 1874, at such times and in such quantities as the said agents may reqnire. 

^'(3) In consideration of the faithful performance of this contract ou the part of 
the party of the second pait, the said party of the first part agrees to pay, or cause 
to be naid, to the said party of the second part, his heirs, executors, or administrators 
for all the beef received under this contract, the sum of 5 cents per pound gross 
weight, in Uqited States currency, on the presentation at the office of Indian Anairs, 
in Washingtou, D. C, a proper reeeipt for the same, signed by the United States 
agents stationed at the aforesaid Indian reservations, respectively." 

2. Large deliveries of beef, amounting to nearly 2,000,000 pounds, more or less, were 
made under this contract, and all the beef so delivered was paid for by the United 
States at the rate of 5 eents per pound, excepting two deliveries at the Rio Verde 
Indian Agency, one in May, 1874, of 139,427 pounds, amounting to96,971.35, and one 
in June, 1874, of 140,000 pounds, amounting to $7,000, a total of $13,971.35 

3. Payment was not made for said last-named deliveries at said time 
only because of the exhaustion of appropriation of money therefor. The 
following payments of money have been made ou account by the United 
States for the said deliveries of beef, to wit : 

By draft of January 8, 1877 $4,,'S20.24 

By draft of May 5, 1877 5.34 

By draft of July 21, 1884 3,.500.00 

By draft of July 21, 1884 1,893.01 

By draft of July 21, 1884 518.00 

Total 10,436.59 

Leaving a balance still uupaid of 3,5.34. 76 

The delay in payment was not due to any fault or negligence on the claimant's 

The reason for uon-pavment of the full amount claimed was that the Second Comp- 
troller was not satisned that the beef delivered was worth the price charged per 
pound, as agreed to be paid in said contract. 

4. The claimant has^ since the reference of this claim to this court, taken testimony 
as to the value of beet at the time and place of delivery as stated, and the court finds 
as a fact that it was worth fully the whole contract price, aa herein claimed. 

5. The beef furnished and delivered to the United States under this contract be- 
tween James M. Barney and the United States was supplied by George W. Bowers , 
and Hugo Richards, partners, then doing business at Tucson, Ariz., under the firm- 
name of Bowers <& Richards, as subcontractors. Barney assigned and indorsed the 
vouchers issued in settlement of these claims to said Bowers & Richards in payment 
of an indebtedness due them from him, with the expectation on both sides that said 
assignment would be recognized by the United States and payment immediately be 
made. At that time similar assignments and indorsements of vouchers were recog- 
nized as valid by the Indian Bureau and by the Treasury Department, and payments 
were made to assignees and indorsees. The first payments, hereinl>efore recited, 
aggregating $4,525.58, were made by the Department by warrauta and drafts drawn 
in the names of and paid to said assignees, and all other payments since made have 


been paid over by said Barney to said Bowers Sl Richarda, the assignees. Said Bar- 
ney has filed a formal petition expressly requesting that the balance found due herein 
may be paid by the Government to Bowers &. Richards, the assignees, and not to him. 

By thb Court. 
Piled May 26, 1890. 
A true copy. 

Test: This 14th day of June, A. D. 1890. 
[seal.] John Randolpu, 

Aaaisiant Clerk, Court of Claims. 

[Court of Claims. CoDgreftsional case, No. 1158. AVilliaai B. Ilooper Sc Co., for tho use of Satro St, 

Co., ««. The XJuited States.] 

At a Court of Claims held in the city of Washington on the 26th day of May, A. D. 
1890, the conrt filed the following statement of case and findings of fact, to wit: 


The claim or matter in the above-entitled case was transmitted to the court by tho 
Committee on Indian Affairs of the Senate on the 22d day of July, 1686. 

JohnMullan and W. B. King, csqs., appeared for claimant, and the Attorney-General, 
by Henry M. Footo, his assistant, and under his direction, appeared for the defense 
and protection of the interests of the United States. 

The case having been brought to a hearing on the 7th day of May, 1890, the court, 
upon the evidence and after considering tho briefs and arguments of counsel on both 
sides, finds the facts to be as follows : 


1. In the years. 1873 and 1874 tho claimants, William B. Hooper and James M. Bar- 
ney, were merchants doing business in Tucson, Ariz., and elsewhere as partners un- 
der the firm-name of William B. Hooper & Co. 

Under the authority of tho Commissiouer of Indian Affairs, and the direction of 
of Julius W. Mason, major of tho Third Cavalry, U. S. Army, acting Indian agent 
at the Rio Verde Indian Agency and Reservation in Arizona, and in order to meet an 
exigency then existing, said firm delivered certain supplies at said Indian reservation 
or agency on the dates naitied and described as follows, to wit : 

OaApHl 26,1874: 

50.000 ponnds flour, worth 11| cents per pound |5, 875. 00 

9,900 ponnds barley, worth 7.43 cents per pound 7:i5. 57 

6, 610. 57 

On May 29, 1874 : 

57,000 pounds flour, worth llj cents per pound 6, 697. 50 

Total.-.. 13,308.07 

The prices above stated were agreed upon by the Commissioner of Indian Affairs 
and the claimants. 

2. Tho following sums of money on account have been paid by the United States 
for said supplies, to wit : 

By draft of June 10, 1876 $2,500.00 

By draft of Jnly 21,1884 4,172.25 

By draft of March 16, 1885 3,156.50 

Total $9,828.75 

Leaving a balance still unpaid of 3,479.32 

The delay in payment was not doe to any fault or negligence on the claimant's part. 
The reason fbr non-payment of tho full amount claimed was that the Second Comp- 
troller was not satisfied that said supplies were worth the amount charged per pound. 

3. The claimant has, since the reference of tho claim to this conrt, taicen testimony 
as to the value of flour and barley at tho time and place herein stated, and the oourt 
finds, as a fact, that it was worth fully the price claimed. 

4. The vouchers for said supplies, so issued bv tho United States, were indorsed and 
assigned by the claimants at the tiuio of their issue. At that time it was customary 
in the Treasury Department and in tho Indian Bureau to recognize similar assign- 


meats aud iudorseuents of vouchers as valid. All amonnts of money received from 
the United States have been paid over to the assignees, and the claimants, William 
B. Hooper & Co., havo always recognized the right of the assignees thereto. Sabso- 
quent assignments and indorsements have been made, finally resulting in an assign- 
ment of the rights of all parties to Gustavo Sntro, Eroile Sntro, and Charles Sntro, 
partners doin^ business under the firm-name of Sutro & Co., San Francisco, Cal. By 
petition filed in this court the firm of William B. Hooper &, Co., through James M. 
Barney, the member of said firm charged with the conduct of this business, have re- 
quested that payment, when made by the United States, be made to said Sutro Sl 
Co., as assignees. 

By thk Court. 

Filed May 26, 1890. 

A tnio copy. 

Test : This 14th day of June, A. D. 1890. 


John Randolph, 
Assisiant CUrhy Court of Claims. 

51st Congress, \ SENATE. r Mis. Doc. 

1st Session. ) ( No. 166. 


JuNR 18, 1690. — Referred to the Committee on Foreign Relations and ordered to be 


Mr. Morgan submitted the following 


Reaolvedj That all privat'e claims of citizens of the United States 
against foreign governments, presented to the Senate by petition or 
otherwise, shall be referred to the committee now styled the Select Com- 
mittee to Inquire into all Claims of Citizens of the United States against 
the Government of Nicaragua, which shall be hereafter styled the "Com- 
mittee on Private Claims against^Foreign Governments," and is hereby 
made a standing committee of the Senate. 

Besolvedy That said committee shall receive any proofs that shall be 
offered in support of any such private claim and refer the same to the 
Department of State for consideration as to the legality and value of 
the same as evidence; and if said committee shall make any recom- 
mendation in respect of any such claim the same shall be reported to 
the Senate for consideration. 

51st Congress, 
1st Session. 



i Mis. Doo. 

\ No. 167. 


June 18, 1890.— Ordered to lie on the table' and be printed. 


Office of Secretary of the United States Senate, 

Wmhington^ June 18, 1890. 

Sir: In response to a resolution of the Senate, — 

That the Secretary of the Senate be, and he is hereby directed, to furnish the Sen- 
ate vi'ith a list of the names of all annua! clerks to Senate committees dnring the 3'ear 
ending March 4, 1890 ; io what committees assignetl and the salary received by cach| 
also under what authority and when employed. 

I have the honor to submit the following ntatement. 

Kespectfully yours, 

Anson G. McCook. 
Hon. Levi P. Moeton, 

President of the Senate. 









Private Land Claims 


Do -. 

Military Affairs 

Post-Offices and P08t Roads. . . 

District of Colnmbia 



Naval AO'airs 

Foreign Relations 

Public Lands 

Contingent £xpenBos ; 

Indian Afiairs 

Public Buildings and Grounds 

Agriculture and Forestry 

Education and Labor 



Interstate Commerce 

Epidemic Diseases 

tive act 



Incumbent, \farcb 4, 1890. 


T. p. Cleaves 

J. S. Morgan (assiHtant) ., 


H. C. Reed 

W. Pnlsifer 

O. H. Cutler (assistant)... 

Geo. P. Bradstreet 

T.R. Ransom 

J. B. Pott«r 

E. S. Goodrich (assistant) 

W. P. Huxford 

W. T. Ellsworth 

F. J. Haig 

A. W. Johnson 


H. J. Gensler 

£. J. Babcock 

B. F. Flenniken 

Engeno Davis 

W.Tm. Olln 

J. B. McCarthy 

W. E. Anuin 

H. P. Blair 


E. T. Lee 

M. W. Blunionberg 












51st Congeess, \ SENATE. ( Mis. Doo. 

1st Session. J . \ No, 168. 


June 18, 1890.— Presented by Mr. Carusle, referred to the Committee on Finance, 

and ordered to be printed. 


The Wool Consumers' Association, 

No. G6 State Street, Boston, 

Boston, June 14, 1890. 

To the Senate and Hovse of Fepresentatirea of the United States in Con- 
gress assembled : 

For the protection of tlie woolen mannfactnre of the country, and 
for its rescue from a most hampered and depressed condition, we ask 
for a great reduction or the total abolition of the duty on wool. 

The system of excluding wool by more or less prohibitory duties, in- 
volving still higher duties on woolens and worsteds, has been tried at 
great cost to the consumer, with destructive restriction to the manufact- 
urer, and without any compensating advantages to the wool-grower. 
Under this system the wool-grower has utterly failed to supply the raw 
wool in adequate qualities or quantities, the high cost of foreign wools 
has forced^ the manufacturers to resort to shoddy, hair, and cotton to 
make so-called woolens of, and the importation of goods made by for- 
eign manufacturers, who have the overwhelming advantage of free 
selection of free material, has been enormous. 

A free selection from many varieties of wool is essential for the manu- 
facture of the cloths required by the trade, and the exclusion of foreign 
wool so interteres with the necessary supply of raw material as to re- 
duce rather than increase the quantity of American wool used. 

The natural advantages of Australia and South America, for instance, 
in the production of wool are so great as to practically put wool in the 
class of things which can not be produced in this country under such 
conditions as to justify any duty for protective purposes. The interest 
of the consumers in this case should be controlling in putting wool on 
the free list, even more than in the case of tea or coffee or tropical fruits 
or any other article that can not be produced in the United States. 
Besides this the woolen manufacture cannot be successfully developed 
without the free selection of raw material, and the prosperity and activ- 
ity of the home manufacture of woolens is the first and essential ele- 
ment in increasing the use and demand for American wool. The high 
duties on wool hamper the manufacturer and drive him to the use, not 
so much of American wool as of shoddy and cotton, and increase the 
cost of all woolen and worsted cloths, and thereby diminish consump- 

Keferring more to the details, we may say that the wools coming under 
the third class, or carpet wools so-called, are almost entirely cwirse wools 


of very low foreign cost; that they can not be raised here at all; that 
they interfere with no native wools; that if wools are to be raised in 
the United States it is clearly more profitable to raise wools of higher 
value, and those which are produced in heavier fleeces, and that for the 
supply of combing wools for the better classes of carpets the manufact- 
urers are entirely dependent on a foreign supply. In spite of a heavy 
duty on these wools for nearly twenty-five years there are none raised 
here, and there is no native industry to protect even in an infant state. 

It has been conclusively shown b^' the statistics collected by the 
American Carpet* Association that nearly all of the third-class wools 
imported are needed by, and are used for, the carpet trade. The duty 
merely hampei*s the trade. Increases needlessly the cost of carpets to 
the consumer by several millions of dollars annually, even under the 
existing rates, and under the largely increased rates proposed would 
have also a discriminating and disastrous effect on certain branches of 
the carpet trade, handicapping these branches against those which use 
largely the free raw materials of hair, cotton, and jute. 

The duty on third class or carpet wools was put on avowedly for rev- 
enue purposes, and we contend that no good reason has been given 
why it should not be abolished. We beg to refer to the protest of the 
American Carpet Association of Mnrch 17, 1890, and to the additional 
protest of June 0, 1890, for a full statement of the case in detail. 

The heavy specific duties on first and second class wools discriminate 
against the American manufacturer. Our laws practically forbid the 
American to compete with the foreigner in the purchase of certain 
essential descriptions of wool. Thus the heavy duties increase the cost 
of clothing and help the foreigner to send to this country vast quanti- 
ties of woolen goods that, with free wool and moderate duties on the 
goods, might be manufactured at home. 

The proposed advance on wools of the first and second classes directly 
affects two of the leading kinds of textiles, or woolens and worsteds for 
men's and women's wear. Fine combing or delaine wools are produced 
to a limited extent in the United States, chiefly in western Pennsylvania, 
Ohio, and Michigan. The strictly fine qualities are grown in but small 
quantities. One establishment in New England has at times consumed 
more of the finest grades than the whole quantity produced in the United 
States. A large proportion of all the fine combing wool has been and must 
be imported. The full supply is not grown here, and is not likely to 
be under any system, as the lands of the above named States are worth 
more for other products. 

By reason of this scarcity of fine or merino-bred combing wools a 
large quantity of worsted fabrics, similar to our own, has been imported. 
Most of these goods are not better in quality than the domestic product, 
but the lack of raw material has compelled an importation which would 
have been anticipated and supplied by our own production had the 
wool been afforded as cheaply as the foreign manufacturer obtained it. 
The larger carding or wool interests, producing fabrics generally felted, 
consume the wools grown in the United States, both east and west of 
the Mississippi, in Texas and California. Nearly, but not quite, enough 
of medium and fine wool is grown in the United States to supply this 
demand. There is a gradually increasing deficiency in the finest grades. 
Our contention is that if the wools now imported in worsted fabrics, as 
above stated, could be obtained by our manufacturers free of duty they 
would displace the imported worsteds and afford so much more employ- 
ment for our own labor. 

Worsted is an expensive manufacture, directly and indirectly — indi- 

wool' consumers' association. 3 

rectly because a portion of the fleeces and assorted fibers are selected 
and rejected as too short to be placed in the combs. A further portion 
is thrown out by the machines in the tbrm of noil, i. c, the particular 
fibers too short for the polished, silk-like luster of the worsted. From 
15 to 20 per cent* of the best wool is thus thrown off in noil. These 
rejected fleeces, sorts, and noils are well adapted for many fabrics which 
are caixled, as are doeskins, cloths, beavers, flannels, cassimeres, ho- 
siery, hats, and many kinds for women's wear. The felting qualities of 
these rejected worsted wools, and of the fine Montevideo wools from 
South America, are generally better than the felting qualities of our 
domestic kinds. Our wools are in general well adapted for warps; the 
above mentioned are better for weft or filling, since the felt or solid 
wearing characteristic of the fabric is thus gained in the cheapest and 
best way. 

This new enlargement of one class of manufactures and the relative 
improvement of other classes by the advantage of freer selection and 
combination of different kinds of wool, would stimulate the woolen and 
worsted industry and all the kindred pursuits. The products would be 
cheapened by the better application, arrangement, and consumption of 
the values involved. A better value would be afforded at the same or 
a slightly lower price. 

As all the wool grown in the world is now wanted the American 
grower could hardly be injured by the readjustment of values. If, at 
the worst, his product should fall slightly in price, he would be com- 
l>ensated soon by the larger and more certain demand from the stimu- 
lated and increased manufacture. The demand for mutton is rapidly 
increasing, and it is afforded in better quality by sheep which produce 
long wool than by the breeds producing short, fine wool. The half- 
breed mutton sheep's wool, in the warp, works admirably with the re- 
jected worsted fibers and the Montevideo fleeces in the filling. Thus 
the mutton flocks would be stimulated through the importation of free 
raw materials. The American consumer of woolens and worsteds would 
get better fabrics at prices generally lower. 

In view of all these considerations we respectfully ask that, in recom- 
mending amendments to the pending tariff bill, you will put wool and 
all raw materials on the free list. 

The Wool, Consumees' Association. 
By the Executive Committee : 

Abthub T. Lyman, Lowell Manufacturing Company. 

Jesse Metcalf, Wanskuck Company. 

William B. Weeden, Weybosset Mills. 

G. C. MosBS, Worumbo Manufacturing Company. 

Charles M. Beach. Broad Brook Company. 

T. Q. Browne, Assabet Manufacturing Company. 

Henry C. Weston, Weston, Whitman & Co. 

61st Congress, \ SENATE. i Mis. Doc. 

1st Session, i \ So. 169. 


June 18» 1890. — Ordered to lie printed. 

Mr. Quay sabmitted the following 


Resolved^ That the SergeaDt-at-Arms be instructed to make no 
changes in his subordinates, appointees, or emi^Ioy^s prior to 1st July 
proximo, without the consent of the Senate. 

* ■ 

K ' 

,*■ -^i 

filST Congress, \ SENATE. i Mis- Doo. 

1st Session, i \ No. 170. 



American Historical Association 


THE YE^R 1889. 

June 18, 1890.— Referred to the Committee on the Library 

and ordered to be printed. 





Smithsonian Institution, 

Washington, 2>. C, June 16, 1890. 

To the Congress of the United States : 

In accordaDce with the act of incorporation of the Ameri- 
can Historical Association, approved Jannary 4, 1889, 1 have 
the honor to sabmit to Congress^ the annnal report of said 
Association for the year 1889. 

I have the honor to be, very respectfully, your obedient 

S. P. Lanqley, 
Secretary^ Smithsonian Institution. 
Hon. Levi P. Morton, 

President of the Senate. . 
Hon. Thomas B. Beed, 

Speaker of the House. 



Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the 
United States of America in Congress assmnbled^ That Andrew 
D. White, of Ithaca, in the State of New York ; Greorge Ban- 
croft, of Washington, in the District 6f Columbia ; Justin Win- 
sor, of Cambridge, in the State of Massachusetts ; William F. 
Poole, of Chicago, in the State of Illiuois ; Herbert B. Adams, 
of Baltimore, in the State of Maryland ; Clarence W. Bowen, 
of Brooklyn, in the State of New York ; their associates and 
successors, are hereby created in the District of Colupabia a 
body corporate and politic, by the name of the American His- 
torical Association, for the promotion of historical studies, the 
collection and prese^ation of historical manuscripts, and for 
kindred purposes in the interest of American history and of 
history in America. Said association is authorized to hold real 
and personal estate in the District of Columbia so far only as 
may be necessary to its lawful ends to an amount not exceeding 
five hundred thousand dollars, to adopt a constitution, and tQ 
make by-laws not inconsistent with law. Said association shall 
have its principal office at Washington, in the District of Colum- 
bia, and may hold its annual meetings in such places as the 
said incorporators shall determine. Said association shall re- 
port annually to the secretary of the Smithsonian Institution 
concerning its proceedings and thecondition of historical study 
in America. Said secretary shall communicate to Congress the 
whole of such reports, or such portions thereof as he shall see 
fit. The regents of the Smithsonian Institution are authorized 
to permit said association to deposit its collections, manuscripts, 
books, pamphlets, and other material for history in the Smith- 
sonian Institution or in the National Museum at their discre- 
tion, upon such conditions and under such rules as they shall 

[Approved, January 4, 1889.] 



AiiEBiGAN Historical Association, 

Baltimore^ Md.^ June 13, 1890. 

Sib: Incompliance with the act of incorporation of the 
American Historical Association, approved January 4, 188^, 
which reqaires that ^' said Association shall report annnally to 
the Secretary of the Smithsonian Institution, concerning its 
proceedings and the condition of historical study in America," 
I have the honor to transmit herewith my general report of 
the proceedings of the American Historical Association at the 
sixth annual meeting, held in Washington, D. O., December 
28-31, 1889. In addition to this general summary of proceed- 
ings, I send also the inaugural address of President Charles 
Kendall Adams, on '^ Recent Historical Work in the Colleges 
and Universities of Europe and America," together with a paper 
on "The Spirit of Historical Research," by James Schouler, of 
Boston, the historian of the United States, and a monograph 
on " The Origin of the National Scientific and Educational In- 
stitutions of the United States," by Dr. G.Brown Goode, Assist- 
ant Secreta^ of the Smithsonian Institution, in charge of the 
U. S. National Museum, and a bibliography of the published 
works of members of the American Historical Association, pre- 
pared by Paul Leicester Ford, of Brooklyn, New York. 
Very respectfully, 

Herbert B. Adams, 


Prof. S. P. Langley, 

Secretary Smithsonian Institutiony Washingtonj Z>. 0. 


1. General report of the proceedings at the annaal meeting held in Wash- 

ingtou, D. C, December 2&-31, 1889 ' 1 

2. Inaugural addresct of President Charles Kendall Adams on '* Recent His- 

torical Work in tbe Colleges and Universities of Knrope and 
America." L.. 19 

3. '^ The Spirit of Historical Research" by James Schoaler, of Boston... . 43 

4. '* The Origin of tbe National Scientific and Educational Institutions of 

the United States," by Dr. G. Brown G6ode, Assistant Secretary 
of the Smithsonian Institution, in charge of theU. S. National Mn- 
- seuui 53 

5. Bibliography of the published works of members of the American His- 

torical Association, by Paul Leicester Ford, of Brooklyn, New York. ][63 




By Hebdekt B. Aoam8, Secretary. 

The American Historical Association was organized at Sara- 
toga in ISSij with only forty members, for the promotion of 
historical studies. In six years this society has grown, by a 
process of historical selection, to a membeiship of six hundred 
and twenty, with one hundred life members. At the sixth 
annual meeting, which was held in Washington, D. C, from 
the 28th to the 3l8t of December, 1889, there were jiresent 
eighty-seven members, the largest attendance in the history of 
the Association. 

The following is an alphabetical list of members present: 

Charles Kendall Adams, president. 

Herbert B. Adams, secretary. 

Prof. H. C. Adams, Ann Arbor. 

Dr. Cyrus Adler, of Baltimore. 

Miss Maria Weed Alden, Now York. 

Dr. Charles M. Andrews, Bry n Mawr. 

Dr. W. G Andrews, Guilford, Conn. 

Dr. £. M. Avery, Cleveland. 

Prof. Simeon £. Baldwin, New Ha- 

Dr. Frederic Bancrpft, librarian of 
the State Department. 

Hon. George Bancroft, ex-president 
of the association. 

General William Birney, Washing- 

Prof. Edward S. Bourne, Adelbert 
College, Cleveland. 

Henry £.* Bourne, Norwich Acad- 

Dr. Clarence W. Bo wen. New York. 

Dr. Jeffrey R. Brackett, Baltimore. 

Prof. George L. Burr, Cornell Uni- 

S. Mis- 170 ^1 

Prof. Howard W. Caldwell. Univer- 
sity of Nebraska. 

General Henry B. Carrington, of 

Judge Mellen Chamberlain, of Bos- 

Kev. Thomas S. Childs, D. D., Wash- 

A. Howard Clark, U. S. National 

Mendes Cohen, secretary of the 
Maryland Historical Society. 

W. v. Cox, U. S. National Masenm. 

M(^. Gen. George W. Cullum, U. S. 
Army, New York. 

Prof. R. H. Dabney, University of 

General Charles W. Darling, secre- 
tary of the Oneida Historical 

Llewellyn Deane, Washington. 

Dr. William A. Dunning, Columbia 

Paul Leicester Ford, Brooklyn. 



Mrs. Olivia M. Foni, Washingtou. 

Dff. £. M. Gallaadety president Na- 
tioDal Deaf-Mate College. 

Dr. G. Brown Goode, Assistant Sec- 
retary of the Smithsonian Insti- 

A. A. Graham, State Historical So- 
ciety, Colnmbiis. 

Judge Alexander B. Hagner, Wash- 

Charles H. Haskins, Baltimore. 

Prof. Paul Hauptf BalUmore. 

General Jose^ih R. Hawley, United 
States Senate. 

Col. John Hay, .Washington. 

Hon. Willam Wirt Henry, Rich- 
moud, vice-president of the As- 

Hon. George F. Hoar, United States 

Pro^. F. H. Hodder, Cornell Univer- 

Roswell Randall Hoes, U. S. Navy. 

Hon. John Jay, vice president of 
the Association. 

Rear- Admiral Thornton A. Jenkins, 
U. 8. Nj^vy, Washington. 

Miss Elizabeth Bryant Johnston, 

Hon. Horatio King, Washington. 

John A. King, president New York 
Historical Society. 

Mrs. Martha J. Lamb, editor of Mag- 
azine of American History. 

Edward G. Mason, president Chicago 
Historical Society. 

Prof. O. T. Mason, U. S. National 

John H. T. McPherson, Baltimore. 

General R. D. Mussey, Washington. 

Judge Charles A. Peabody, New 

Prof. John Pollard, Richmond. 

Dr. William F. Poole, librarian 
Newberry Library, Chicago. 

Rev. J. £. Rankin, D.D., president 
Howard University. 

James F. Rhodes, Cleveland. 

Theodore Roosevelt, Civil Service 
Commission, Washington. 

General Rnfas Saxton, Washington. 

Dr. Walter B. Scaife, Baltimore. 

James Schouler, Boston. 

Prof. Austin Scott, Rutgers Col- 

William Henry Smith, president 
Associated Press, New York. 

Dr. Freeman Snow, Harvard Uni- 

A. R. Spofford, Library of Con- 

Dr. Charles J. Stills, Philadelphia. 

Henry Stockbridge, Baltimore. 

George H. Stone, Cleveland. 

Heory Strong, Washington. 

John Osborne Sumner, Harvard 

Dr. Joseph Meredith Toner, Library 
of Congress. 

Prof. William P. Trent, Univers 
of the South. 

President Lyon G. Tyler, William 
and Mary College. 

John Martin Vincent, Johns Hop- 
kins University. 

Mrs. Ellen Harden Walworth, 
Washington. - 

President Ethelbert D. Warfield, 
Miami University. 

J. E. Watkins, U. S. National Mu- 

William B. Weeden, president His- 
torical Association. Brown Uni- 

President James C. Welling, Colum- 
bian University. 

Ex-president Andrew D. White, 
Cornell University. 

W. W. Willoughby, Johns Hopkins 

General James Grant Wilson, New 

Prof. Thomas Wilson, U. S. National 

Dr. Justin Winsor, librarian Har- 
vard University. 

James A. Woodburn, Johns Hopkins 

General Marcus J. Wright, War 
Records Office, Washington, 


The headquarters of. the Association in Washington were at 
the Arlington Hotel. Three morning sessions, Saturday, Mon- 
day, and Tuesday, were held from 10.30 to 1 o'clock at the 
National Museum by permission^ of the Regents of the Smith- 
sonian Institution, and three evening sessions on the same 
days from 8 to 10 p. m., in the large lecture hall of the Oolum- 
bian University by invitation of President James 0. Welling. 
Sunday and the afternoon hours were free for social purposes. 
On Monday, from 4 to 7 o'clock, a tea was given to the members 
of the Association and their friends by Mr. and Mrs. Horatio 
King, 707 H street, and ou Tuesday afternoon, at the same 
hours, Mrs. Walworth extended to the Association a like cour- 
tesy at her new home, 1300 L street. By invitation of the 
board of managers our members enjoyed the privileges of the 
GoBmosClub during the four days' sojourn in Washington. 
Every evening after adjournment of the formal session of 
the Association at the Columbian University there was a 
social reunion at the Cosmos Club. On Monday afternoon 
and on Tuesday morning by invitation of the librarian. Dr. 
Ban<»x)flt, parties of historical students and specialists visite<l 
the State Department for an examination of the interesting 
SM^hives there pre^^erved. 

The convention opened Saturday morning, December 28, in 
the large lecture hall of the National Museum. The walls were 
decorated with the Cathii collection of Indian portraits, with 
pictures of Pueblos and Cliff dwellers, and with the busts of 
American statesmen. The room was admirably suited to the 
purposes of the Association. The curators of the Museum had 
introduced a number of cases for the display of interesting 
historical relics, books, manuscripts, etc., which attracted great 
attention on the part of the members as they entered or left 
the hall. The first paper presented at the morning session was 
by Prof. George L.Burr, of Cornell University, who has in his 
immediate charge the excellent historical library of ex-Presi- 
dent Andrew D. White. The subject of Mr. Burr's paper was 
^The Literature of Witchcraft," for the illustration of which 
ample materials had been found in Mr. White's library. The 
literature of witchcraft includes perhaps a thousand volumes. 
The earliest was written in the fifteenth century, and their 
authors were Dominicans of the Inquisition. They regarded 
the subject as an old one. Indeed, the Church had always 
fought against magic. She had taught that the gods of the 


pagans were devils and those who worshipped them were sor- 
cerers. The belief in Satan was developed by medisDval monks 
and the Church fathers, re-enforced by Byzantine speculation. 
Belief in the Devil's activity in this world was elaborated by 
scholasticism into a system, of which the whole literature of 
witchcraft is but a broken reflection. To detect and punish the 
servants of Satan was the work of the Inquisition and the per- 
secutors of witchcraft in England and New England. 

The second paper of Saturday morning's session was <' A 
Catechism of Political Reaction," by ex-President Andrew D. 
White. In his preface to this paper Mr. White called atten- 
tion to the fact that while studies of the French Revolution in 
Europe have been developed to an enormous extent there has 
been no corresponding treatment, indeed no of 
the reaction after the various revolutions. Mr. White's paper 
was a contribution to such a history. His essay was based 
upon a very rare and curious little book which he obtained at 
Sorrento three years ago. The book wa« a wonderfully well- 
argued and well-written catechism by the Archbishop of Sor- 
rento, who was placed by the King of the Two Sicilies, about 
1850, at the head of the department of public instruction at 
Naples, and also made the tutor of the young prince. It con- 
tains the most amazing declarations of war against modern 
civilization, and indeed against nearly everything moral, politi- 
cal, or social which the nineteeth century regards as a land-' 
mark of progress. It argues with wonderful force that the 
king is not bound by any oath that he may have sworn to 
maintain a constitution, and urges with extreme cleverness all 
the arguments in support of absolute government. Mr. White 
took up several chapters of this remarkable catechism and gave 
in detail the argument in each. 

The third paper was by Herbert Elmer Mills, Instructor in 
History, Cornell University, on "The French Revolution in 
San Domingo." In 17^9, San Domingo was by far the most 
important of the colonies of France. Commercially it was pros- 
perous, but its population was divided into the Creole planters, 
the free " people of color," and the slaves, by far the most 
numerous class. Government was in the hands of the French 
minister of marine, and was administered by a governor and 
an intendant. The people had no political privileges, and 
this fact had long irritated the Creoles. At the first announce- 
ment of the approaching meeting of the States-General in 


France, the people of San Domingo took measures to secure 
representation, hoping thereby to win for themselves the con- 
trol of the island. Delegates were chosen, but a careful study 
shows that the assemblies which elected them were widely 
scattered and by no means represented the entire body of 
the planters. At first the representatives were given a seat, 
but not a voice among the Third Estate ; but before the end of 
1789 they had won recognition as entitled to six votes in the 
National Assembly. Meantime the free people of color in San 
Domingo had not been idle. Their representatives also ap- 
peared at the National Assembly and claimed seats. It has 
been assumed by historians that these representatives were 
actually elected in the island and sent to Paris, but the truth 
is that they were chosen merely by members of this caste who 
were residents of Paris. No place was granted them in the 
National Assembly. Of course neither emancipation nor 
representation of the servile class was thought of either by the 
whites or free people of color in San Domingo. 

The last paper of the morning session was read by Clarence 
W. Bowen on a newly discovered manuscript called Reminis- 
cences of the American War of Independence, by Ludwig 
Baron von Ciosen, Aid to Count de Eochambeau. This manu- 
script was found in the early part of the year 1889 among the 
archives of the Yon Ciosen family in their castle in Bavaria. 
A translation was sent to Mr. Bowen, who read brief extracts. 
Ludwig Baron von Ciosen, the author, was born August 14, 
1765, and in his early years entered the French military serv- 
ice. On the arrival of the French expe<1ition in Newport, B. 
I., in 1780^ he was made Aid to Count de Rochambean, com- 
mander of the expedition. Previously he had been captain in 
the regiment Royal Deux Ponts. Ou returning to France in 
1783, Von Ciosen received from Louis XVI. the Order of Le- 
gion of Honor, and the Order for Merit, and in 1792 was in- 
formed of his election, with the permission of the King of 
France, to the Order of the Cincinnati. He died in 1830. In 
his reminiscences he speaks of his visits to John Hancock of 
Massachusetts, Jonathan Trumbull of Connecticut, and Thomas 
Jefferson of Virginia. He conducted Washington from the 
Hudson River to Rochambean at Newport. He reports the 
conferences between Washington, Uochambeau. La Fayette, and 
De Grasse near Yorktown. His visit to Mrs. Washington at 
Mount Vernon, a ball ho gave at Baltimore, and visits to other 


sectionfl of the coantry are described by Yon Gloaen ia the 
most charming manner. His reminiscences are fall of histori* 
cal interest, and are an important addition to the literatnre of 
the French in America dnring the Bevolntionary War. 

The evening session on Saturday began promptly at 8 
o'clock at the Columbian University, with the Hon. John Jay, 
of New York, presiding. In a brief but comprehensive sketch 
Mr. Jay reviewed the work of the morning session and then in- 
troduced President Adams, who delivered an interesting inau- 
' gural address upon The Recent Historical Work of the Urn- 
versities. He said that the first distinct professorship of history 
was established at Harvard Uni versi ty in 1839, for Jared Sparks. 
At Yale, as at other American colleges, history was long taught 
by means of text- books without much real enthusiasm. A great 
advance was made when Andrew D. White, fresh from original 
studies in France and Germany, entered upon an historical pro- 
fessorship in 1857, at the University of Michigan. From that 
institution President White's influence was transmitted to Oor- 
uell University, which developed the first distinct professorship 
of American history. Senator Hoar, after President Adams's 
address, called attention to the fact that Jared Sparks's lectures 
at Harvard University were largely upon American subjects, 
and were at the same time original contributions to American 
history. Mr. Adams reviewed the progress of historical science • 
in the various countries of Europe, including Great Britain, 
Holland, Belgium, Italy, Germany, and France. His conclu- 
sion was, that the best advantages for historical study are now 
to be found in the schools of Paris, and that before the achieve- 
ments of European universities American scholars find more to 
encourage humility than pride. Bemarks were made upon 
President Adams's paper by President White. Professor Austin 
Scott, of Rutgers College, justly called attention to the works 
of the smaller colleges in America, and to the services of the 
late Pfofessor Allen, of the University of Wisconsin, who was 
one of the most critical scholars and ablest teachers of history 
in this country. 

After the inaugural address, Mendes Cohen, corresponding 
secretary of the Maryland Historical Society, gave an interest- 
ing account of the discovery of the Calvert papers in England, 
and of their recent publication in Baltimore. He exhibited to 
the Association the first volume, which has just appeared from 
the press. Mr. Cohen's statement of the progress of an impor- 


taut work nndertaken by a State historical society perliaps 
foreshadows similar reports that may be presented at futare 
meetings by delegates from the various historical societies of 
the United States and of Canada. 

The Association re-assembled Monday morning, December 
30, at half-past ten, in the National Museum, President 
Adams in the obair. The first paper was on <^The Origin and 
Early History of our National Scientific Institutions,'^ by Dr. 
6. Brown Goode, assistant secretary of the Smithsonian Institu- 
tion. Dr. Ooode reviewed the entire history of scientific and 
philosophical societies in this country, and gave special atten- 
tion to the development of literary and scientific institutions in 
the city of Washington. He called attention to the fact that, as 
early as 1775, when Washington was in his camp at 0am bridge, 
Major Blodgett said to him that a national university ought to 
be erected in which the youth of the whole country might re- 
ceive instruction. Washington replied, <' Young man, you are 
a prophet, inspired to speak what I am confident will one day 
be realized." Dr. Goode pointed out the various tendencies 
toward the development of a larger scientific and intellectual 
life in the Federal Oity. He traced the history of its various 
institutions of learning, including the Oolumbian University, 
the American Academy of Sciences, and the Smithsonian In- 
stitution, with which the American Historical Association was 
allied by Act of Congress approved January 4, 1889. 

The next paper was on *^ The Development of International 
Law as to Newly Discovered Territory," by Dr. Walter B. 
Scaife, Beader on Historical Geography in the Johns Hopkins 
University. His paper opened with a brief sketch of the policy 
of the Roman See as the arbiter of Europe, from the eleventh to 
the fifteen th century. Dr. Scaife showed that the bulls of Alex- 
ander YL, dividing the non-Ohristian world between Spain and 
Portugal, were not manifestations of an unheard of presump- 
tion, but wei*e the natural outgrowth of precedent conditions. 
But this authority was now rejected, and was replaced by the 
rule of force. Meantime, international law had started on its 
career to try to persuade men to be governed by reason rather 
than by force; and ever striving toward the ideal, but keeping 
the practical in mind, it advanced iu the course of two cen- 
turies and a half to the formulation of rules of action, high in 
their aim and still practicable in their application. During 
this time the practice of nations was undergoing also modifica 


tioDs. Spain, 'finding the Pope's authority rejected by other 
Iiowers, set up the right of possession by discovery; bat in 
this England was at least her equal, inasmuch as her repre- 
sentative had seen the mainland of the Western Continent be- 
fore any Spaniard. England advanced also this theory as long 
as it answered her purpose, then turned to another, viz., that 
actual occupation is necessary to effect a complete title. Fi- 
nally, during the present decade, a union has been made of 
practice and theory in the formation of the Congo State; and 
rules have been formulated and adopted by the Great Powers 
for the future regulation of national action in the matter. The 
whole subject goes to show the value of forming correct 
scientific theories as to the affairs of men, even when appar- 
ently there is the least hope of their ever being realized ; that 
they do have effect on the practices of mankind, and that a 
time will come when they will be recognized as the true stand- 
ard of action. 

An important contribution to post bellum historical literature 
was a paper on ^^The Impeachment and Trial of President 
Johnson," by Dr. William A. Dunning, of Columbia University, 
New York. The points which he considered were three : first, 
the causes contributing to the impeachment proceedings ; sec- 
ond, the issues involved in the impeachment by the House ; 
and third, the issue involved in' the trial by the Senate. The 
causes which seem to have been peculiarly efficient were the 
personality of Johnson and bis theory of reconstruction . There 
were three different attempts at impeachment in the House. 
It was the President's removal of Stanton in apparent defiance 
of the tenure of office act that precipitated the final impeach- 
ment. Before the Senate the most important question really 
answered was, whether the Senate could be viewed as a court 
proper or not The radicals said no. The Senate's action, 
however, favored the contrary opinion. With this divided sen- 
timent, conviction on any of the numerous charges was practi- 
cally impossible. Article XL, involving the President's 
resistance to reconstruction, was most likely to prove success- 
ful, but failure to obtain a two-thirds vote on this matter was 
the knell of all impeachment proceedings. Dr. Dunning con- 
cluded that the framers of our Constitution built strongly in 
co-ordinating the various departments of our government No 
circumstances more favorable to removing a President from 
office are likely to arise in the future, and the result of the 


Johnson impeachment was a confirmation of the principle ba: 
serted by the fathers of the Republic. 

The subject of the next paper was '^ The Trial and Execu- 
tion of John Brown," by General Marcus J. Wright, of the 
War Records office, Washington, D. O. The paper was sub- 
stantially an answer to Dr. H. von Hoist's charges that John 
JBrown did not receive a fair trial. General Wright reviewed 
the whole matter from notes and evidence taken at the time, 
and clearly established his thesis that every thing was done 
which the law required. The concluding paper of the morning 
session was '^ A Defense of Congressional Government,'' by 
Dr. Freeman Snow, of Harvard University. Dr. Snow said 
that Americans are now engaged in drawing comparisons be- 
tween the English and the American Constitutions, and, like 
Mr. Bagehot, they find nearly all the advantages on the side of 
the English. The multitude, it is said, needs leadership. 
Hence, if we would save our society from disintegration, we 
roust adopt the English system of responsible leadership. 
The error of this view, Mr. Snow contended, lies in looking too 
intently at the mere machinery of government, and not at so- 
ciety as a whole. The effect of obeying leaders is to take away 
from the masses the habit of thinking for themselves. If our 
government is at any time less efficient or less orderly, it is 
the safest in the long run, for it develops the capacity for self- 
government among the people. Dependence upon leaders, as 
in the English system, has the opposite effect. Too much is 
expected of popular government We should not expect per- 
fection from an imperfect people. If w;e want more efficient 
legislation-, we must send men to Washington for just that pur- 
posCh The present condition of our politics is largely a legacy 
left us by the slavery struggle and the civil war. It is an 
abnormal condition of things and will pass away. It is even 
now on the wane. 

The evening se^ssion of Monday was at the Columbian Uni- 
versity, Judge Chamberlain presiding. The papers were de- 
voted to New England and the West. This feature of grouping 
contributions by large subjects, such as European History, 
National History, the North, the West, the South, and Histor- 
ical Science, wlis generally recognized as a great improvement 
in the arrangement of historical material. The first paper of 
the evening was on '^ The Economic and Social History of New 
England, 1620-1789," by William B. Weeden, of Providence. 


New Eugland oommnnities were founded on freehold land 
tenure ; on a meeting^ the local and social expression of religious 
life and family culture ; and on a representative^ democratic 
gathering corresponding io the old folk-mote of the Germanic 
race. Economically New England settlers profited by trade 
with the Indians through wampum. These beads were both 
jewelry and currency. As currency they were redeemable in 
beaver. When immigration was checked in 1640, the colonists 
built ships and bartered their own products among themselves. 
Vessels were loaded with fish, and sailed for the West Indies 
or Europe. Returning they brought iron, cordage, and all the 
goods needed by the new settlements. In this commerce the 
Puritans prayed, labored, and traded. Stephen Winthrop wrote 
to his father, after having sold his wine, '^filessed be Gtod, well 
sold!" Commerce and the fisheries were nourished by home 
products. The New England whale fishery began in boats from 
the shore, and finally extended into every sea. The slave-trade 
and the making of rum were important factors in the industrial 
life of the eighteenth century. Even the founder of Fanenil 
Hall helped forward this form of commercial intercourse. Eco- 
nomic history is the basis of political life. No grand theory of 
government caused our American colonies to form a republic. 
The economic resistance of strong citizens to stamp acts and 
other economic grievances won us our magnificent rights of 
freedom, as truly as the charters of mediaeval cities were ob- 
tained by purchase. 

Mr. William Henry Smith, president of the Associated Press, 
New York, then read a valuable liaper on ^< The Oorrespondence 
of the Pelham Family, and the Loss of Oswego to the British.'^ 
Mr. Smith said that the president of the Association one year 
ago forcibly presented the importance of governmental aid in 
the collection of historical records, and commended the example 
of Canada to the attention of our legislators. If that admirable 
address by Dr. Poole penetrated to the interior of the Capitol, 
it would seem to be confined to the subterranean vaults, or 
buried beneath innumerable applications for office. The patri- 
otic work of the Dominion of Canada should claim the atten- 
tion of our great Republic. Mr. Smith said he was disposed to 
favor an extension of the Canadian Governmentoverthe (Jnited 
States long enough to inspire our legislators with sufficient 
patriotism to secure the collection and preservation of histor- 
ical manuscripts relating to America. He then proceeded to 
illustrate the value of the papers of the Pelham family which 



are now aocessibley and relate largely to Americaii affairs. The 
entire collection comprises 522 Tolnmes, 305 of wh ch contain 
the official correspondence preserved by Thomas Pelham. It 
is arranged chronologically, from 1697-176S, and is especially 
rich in diplomatic papers relating to this country. Mr. Smith's 
paper will be published in full in the proceedings of the Asso- 
ciation, and will doubtless be highly suggestive to students of 
American history. 

The next paper was on <' The Early History of the Ballot 
in CJonnecticut,^ by Prof. Simeon E. Baldwin, of the law de- 
partment of Yale University. The paper was read in an im- 
pressive manner and held attention. The professor said that 
election by ballot first appears in American history as a consti- 
tutional provision, in the constitution of Connecticut of 1639. 
It was coupled with a sy8tem of prior official nominations; as 
regards the ^' magistrates," or those who came to form the upper 
house of the legislature Twenty were annually nominated, of 
whom twelve only could be elected. The list was arranged by 
the legislature, on the basis of a previous popular vote, and the 
present incumbents were always put first, in the order of their 
official seniority. Only as these died, or refused a renomination^ 
was there practically any chance for the election of any of the 
last eight. The first name on the official ticket was always voted 
on first, and so on ; no one being allowed to vote for more than 
twelve. This gave great stability to legislation, and was what 
kept Connecticut so long subject to a Church establishment. 
When the power of the Federalists haddecltnedevery where else, 
it was as strong as ever in the upper house. The representa- 
tives elected, semi-annually sh^ired the feeling of the day; but 
the councillors, or ^^ assistants," stood for that of ten or twenty 
years before. . From 1783 to 1801, only one was dropped with- 
out bis consent; and it took a struggle of seventeen years 
tonger to give a ranjority to the " Tolerationists " and Jeffer- 
soniaus. Congressmen were elected in a similar manner, and 
with similar results, down to 1818. The legislature published 
the nominations (twice as many as there were places to fill), and 
arranged them so that the first half— those already in office — 
were almost invariably re-elected, The Colonial charter of 1662 
made no mention of the ballot, or of an official ticket, but both 
bad become so firmly imbedded in use, that they were read into 
it, between the lines, and stood as fundamental institutions of 
the commonwealth for nearly two hundred years. 


At the close of the evening session, Theodore Boosevelt, of 
the U. S. Oivil-Service Coinmissiou, gave an extempore address 
upon ^' Certain Phases of the Western Movement daring the 
Bevolationary War." He deplored the ignorance of Western 
history shown by Eastern historians. He likened the ignorance 
to that of the English regarding American history in general. 
Those who find American or Western history uninteresting and 
anpicturesqae have only themselves to blame; for the fault lies 
in the critics, and not in the subject-mfatter, which is as heroic 
and inspiring a^ au^' great chapter in the history of the world. 
Mr. Roosevelt said the great West was won in the midst of war 
and revolution. He gave a graphic picture of the westward 
movement of the pioneers and the conquest of the Western 
country from the French and Indians. The motives of the first 
settlers were adventure, better lands, and the improvement of 
material conditions in life. Daniel Boone and his followers 
were joined by vanous parties of hunters. The region of Ken- 
tnpky, that old hunting-ground of Northern and Southern In- 
dians, were successfully occupied, but only after Lord Dun- 
more's war. There was but one route to the West, and that 
lay through the Cumberland Gap, which the frontiersman had 
to protect. The conquest of the Illinois country was achieved 
by. the expedition of George Rogers Clark and the Virginians. 
Few Uevolntionary heroes deserve more credit than this bold 
and aggressive military leader, who conquered the West for 
the -American Republic. Mr. Roosevelt described how govern- 
ment was organized in that Western country upon the basis of 
English institutions, with which the settlers were familiar. 
The reproduction of the old English military system and of 
representation baseil on military districts, with palisaded vil- 
lages as the primary seats of self-govi^rnment, is most curioaa 
and instructive. The county-type of organization was nat- 
urally copied by settlers who had come from Virginia and the 
South. The foundation of this great Federal Republic was laid 
by backwoodsmen, who conquered and held the land west of 
the Alleghanies, and thus prepared the way for the continental 
dominion of the English race in America. The westward move- 
ment of the early pioneers can be best understood in the light 
of the westward march of immigration in our own time. 

A lively discussion followed Mr. Roosevelt's spirited presen- 
tation of his subject, and exceptions were taken to his state- 
ment that there were no permanent settlements beyond the 


AUeghftDies antil after the Bevolation. Dr. Toner, of the Con* 
gressional Library, raade a plea for the early settlers of the Ohio 
Valley, and Dr. StiH6, of Philadelphia^ and Dr. Poole, of 
Chicago, entered the listB in behalf of numerous local settle- 
ments b§yond the mountains. Mr. Roosevelt defended his 
thesis as a general proposition, and Mr. Edwanl O. Mason, 
president of the Chicago Historical Society, sustaiaed him-. 

Tuesday morning the convention met once more in the Na- 
tional Museum, with a large and enthusiastic audience, to 
listen to a series of papers upon Southern history. In place 
of Edward Eggleston's paper on ^< Bacon^s Bebelliou," which 
he was prevented from giving, General Henry B. Carrington, 
who had just returned from Montana, spoke of *^The Concen- 
tration of the Flathead Indians upon the Jocko Reservation," 
as betokening a better future for a tribe which, since the ex- 
{^edition of Lewis and Clark in 1805, has been uniformly 
friendly with the whites. Chief Carlos and every member of 
the tribe had consented to the removal. Their lands in the 
Bitter Boot Valley are to be sold for the benefit of the Indians 
to the highest bidder. General Carrington maintained that 
the history of this tribe shows that Christianity must precede 
eivilization and is essential to Indian development. 

*<The Constitutional Aspects of Kentucky's Struggle for 
Autonomy, 178i-'93," by Ethelbert D. Warfleld, president of 
Miami University, Oxford, Ohio, was the next theme of dis- 
cussion. As early as 1776 Kentucky began to feel the neces- 
sity of self-government. In that year George Rogers Clark 
made the first demand for the separation of that region from 
Virginia. The mother colony allowed the institution of the 
county of Kentucky, which concession for the time allayed 
agitation. It broke out again in 1780, and soon became 
chronic From the year 1784 to 1792, when Kentucky was 
admitteil to the CTnion, no less than ten regular conventions 
were held and several irregular assemblies besides, in the 
interest of self-government for Kentucky. The history of the 
time is one of constant turmoil. Threats of violent separation, 
both from Virginia and the Union, were frequent; and yet not 
one action of an unconstitutional character stains the records 
of these various conventions. The conservative element was 
largely Scotch-Irish Presbyterian, and it held the balance of 
power, which was always exerted on the side of law and order. 
When the Constitution of the United States came before the 


Virginia OonventioDi the district of Kentucky voted , eleven to 
three^ against adoption. And yet when their own convention 
finally drew np a coustitntion, it leaned -strongly toward the 
Federal instrument. Kentucky shares with Vermont the 
honor of^ first insisting on manhood suffrage. The period 
known as that of the Separatist Movements is one of singular 
self^estraint when viewed on the constitutional side. 

The next paper was by President Lyon 6. Tyler, of Williams- 
burgh, Va., who presented some historical facts from the records 
of William and Mary College, the oldest institution of higher 
education at the South. Mr. Tyler called attention to the 
fact that this venerable institution had lately been brought to 
life by an act of the Virginia Greneral Assembly,. which appro- 
priates ten thousand a year to the support of the college. He 
traced the historic influence of the college upon the univer- 
sity idea in Virginia, and dwelt particularly upon the early 
elective system in vogue at Williamsburgh. He thought that 
this system was developed by Jefferson at the University of 
Virginia, and was not an importation from foreign universities. 
The first law-school in America was established at William 
and Mary. The professorship of George Wythe was the 
second law professorship in the English-speaking world. Mr. 
Tyler also maintained that the college exercised all the powers 
of a civil-service commission in appointing the county survey- 
ors after examination. He described the early discipline of 
the college, and illustrated by extracts from the old treasury 
books the intimate relations between the college and the 
colony. As early as 1779, William and Mary College was 
doing its work by an advanced system of lectures on law, 
medicine, and natural science. 

One of the most imixirtant papers presented at the conven- 
tion was on ^' Materials for the Study of the Government of 
the Confederate States," by John Osborne Sumner, a graduate 
of Harvard University. The author said that historical at- 
tention had been directed almost exclusively toward the mili- 
tary operations of the Confederacy, but its constitutional and 
internal history were also of great interest. Much material 
for a study of the Confederate Government was destroyed dur- 
ing the war, and much that has been preserved is not yet ac- 
cessible. We have, however, a full series of statutes, about 
one hundred and fifty executive messages, often accompanied 
by documents, and various reports of secretaries and bureaus. 


There are also in print namerons congressional dociuments, 
ordinanoesy statutes, and governors^ messages of the several 
States, together with the joarnals of their legislatures and con- 
venlions. The joarnals of the Confederate Congress are said 
to be still in existence, bat their present place of deposit is not 
known. The Bichmond newspapers contained fall reports of 
public proceedings, but much business was transacted in secret, 
and is little known. The historical material actually existing 
is widely scattered among tbe public and private libraries of 
the country, and there is as yet no systematic bibliography 
of what has been published. The most important manuscript 
collection wan that purchased by the United States Govern- 
ment and now preserved in the Treasury Department. It com- 
prises a large portion of the correspondence of the Confederate 
Oovernment with its agents abroad and at the North. Other 
Confederate documents are in the custody of the State Depart- 
ment, and there are several small collections in private hands. 
The publications of the War Records Office include Confeder- 
ate documents; but the series thus far has been devoted to 
military history. The newspapers of the South in war time 
are a mine of history which has been but little exploited. 
Various magazines were published at the South, and two or 
three illustrated papers appeared at Bichmond during the war, 
among them a Southern Punch. A noteworthy euteri)rise of 
the Confederate Government was the publication in Loudon of 
The Index^ a weekly review established for the cultivation of 
friendly relations between Europe and the South. Mr. Sum- 
ner suggested the organization of inquiry with regard to the 
existence of materials for Confederate history. 

The Hon. William Wirt Henry, of Bichmond, said that the 
library of the Southern Historical Society in his city was the 
chief Southern repository of collections relating to tbe civil 
war and the Confederate States. Dr. J. B. Brackett expressed 
the hope that Mr. Summer would print, in connection with his 
paper, a full bibliography of the materials which he had dis- 
covered. Prof. William P. Trent, of the University of the South, 
then read some interesting ^^ Notes on the Outlook for Histori- 
cal Studies in the Southern States." He called attention to 
the collection of materials for Southern history now being made 
in New York City. He sketched the condition of the various 
State Historical Societies in the South, and regretted the great 
. lack of public enthusiasm for historical work. He described 


theexistinfT historical collection atBichmond and other places, 
and gave some acconut of the leading pablications and mono- 
graphs now in preparation, Mr. Trent urged that Southern 
history should be more earnestly studied by scholars in all parte 
of the country, and recommended a report of historical progress 
from the State societies to the American Historical Associa- 
tion. Dr. Justin Winsor, Librarian of Harvard University, 
paid a merited tribute to the historical work of Mr. Hannis 
Taylor, of Mobile, Alabama, who, isolated from libraries and 
historical associations, had produced a valuable constitutional 
history of England. Dr. H. B. Adams emphasized Mr. Trent's 
idea of the importance of an annual report of the work done 
by State Historical Societies to the Secretary of the Smithso- 
nian Institution through the medium of the American Historical 

The morning session was concluded by a brief and interest- 
ing paper on ^^ The Relations of History to Ethnology," by 
Prof. O. T. Mason, of the National Museum. He showed that 
the student of human culture is constantly a debtor to the 
historian. To illustrate this idea he spoke of the myth of the 
armadillo. The existence of musical instruments bearing the 
same name among negroes on two continents can be explained 
historically. The student of ethnology spends quite as mueh 
time in libraries as in the field. He urged the Association to 
use ite influence for the increase of the collections in the 
National Museum. He called attention to the motive which 
governs the operations of the ethnological department as 
entirely in harmony with the utterance of President Adams, 
that all things are now studied by the historic method. Pro- 
fessor Mason then explained the contents of the Museum cases, 
which had been wheeled into the audience room, to illustrate 
the nature of studies in the history of culture now in progress 
in Washington. 

During the morning session the venerable historian, George 
Bancroft, now in his ninetieth year, eotered the hall, and amid 
the applause of members of the Association was escorted to 
the platform, where for a few moments he occupied the presi- 
dent's chair after he had briefly addressed the Society over 
which he presided three years ago. The -closing session of 
this, the most successful meeting of the American Historical 
Society, was devoted to historical science in general. A 
special report on the bibliography of members was made by • 


Paul Leicester Ford, the bibliographer of Franklin. A report 
was read by the secretary on <'The Present Condition of His- 
torical Studies in Canada,'' by George Stewart, jr., D. 0. L., 
LL. D., president of the Literary and Historical Society of 
Quebec. Mr. James Schonler, of Boston, the distinguished 
author of the ^^ History of the United States," read a philo- 
sophical paper upon ^* The Spirit of Research." He said re- 
search is a fitting word to apply to historical studies, for it im- 
plies that one is not content to skim over the surface of past 
events, but prefers to turn the soil for himself. (See page 43 
of this volume.) Space will not permit even an abstract of 
Mr. WinsoT's very suggestive account of ^^The Perils of 
Historical Study." The writer of the great ^* Narrative and 
Critical History of America" warned the Association that 
history must be continually rewritten, either from new de- 
velopments or from new sources, which keep historical study 
fresh and perennial. Each generation must renew the dis- 
cussion of historical events. Opinious change; and the 
history of opinion about facts is no small part of the history 
of those facts. Mr. Winsor's paper was discussed at some 
length by Judge Chamberlain, of Boston. The last paper of 
the session was by Worthington C. Ford, editor of the new 
edition of " Washington^ Writings." Mr. Ford spoke of " The 
Government as a Guardian of American History." He con- 
demned the past policy of the nation in allowing valuable 
historical papers to pass into private keeping rather than into 
our national archives. He criticised past and present methods 
of treating our State papers, and made a strong plea for a 
better system of government control in these matters. 

£esolutions of thanks were passed by the Association for 
courtesies received from the regents of the Smithsonian In- 
stitution, the curators of the National Museum, the president 
of the Columbian University, the governors of the Cosmos 
Club, the Librarian of the State Department, Mr. and Mrs. 
Horatio King, and Mrs. Walworth, of Washington. A com- 
mittee on the time and place of the next meeting reported 
through Dr. Poole in favor of Washington, and of meeting 
during the Christmas holidays, from the 28th to the 3Ist of 
December, 1890. In behalf of the committee on nominations. 
Judge Chamberlain recommended the following board of 
officers, which was unanimously elected : President, Hon. John 
Jay, New York City ; first vice-president, Hon. William Wirt 
8. Mis. 170 2 


Henry, Bichmond, Ya.; second vice-president, James B, 
Angell, LL. D., president University of Michigan ; treaHnrer, 
Dr. Clarence W. Bowen, New York; secretary. Dr. H. B. 
Adams, Johns Hopkins University; assistant secretary and 
curator (a newly-created office), A. Howard Olark, curator of 
the historical collections of the National Mnseam. Two new 
members were added to the executive council, namely Dr. Q. 
Brown Goode, Assistant Secretary of the Smithsonian insti- 
tution, in charge of the National Museum, and John George 
Bouriuot, D. G. L., clerk of the Canadian House of Commons. 
The Executive Council already embraces the ex-presidents of 
the Association : Hon. Andrew D* White, LL. D.. Hon. George 
Bancroft, LL. D., Justin Winsor, LL, D., William P. Poole, 
LL. D., and the following elected members: Prof. John W. 
Burgess, of Columbia College, and Prof. George P. Fisher, of 
Yale University. The treasurer's report, which was audited 
by Mr. John A. King and the Hon. John Jay, shows an in- 
crease of $1,116.62 since the last report, and total assets, in- 
cluding cash and investments, to the amouutof $4,584.94. The 
Association has just completed the third volume of its pub- 
lished proceedings, of which there is a stock Of handsomely 
bound volumes and some unbound reports in the hands of 
Messrs. G. P. Putnam's Sons, the New York publishers. This 
property of books and plates is in addition to the above assets 
of the Association. 

The Regents of the Smithsonian Institution have passed the 
following resolution : 

Be^olved, That the American Historical Association be and hereby is per- 
mitted to disposit its collectious, man ascripts, books, pampbletii, and other 
material for history, in the Smithsonian Institution or in the National 
Miisoum in accordance witli the provisions of the act of incorporation ; and 
that the conditions of said deposit shall be determined by the secretary, 
with the approyal of the executive committee. 


iQaagnral address of Preft!dent Charles Kendall Adams, LL. D. * 

Daringthe last few years we bave beard much of tbe tendency 
to give to all great and profound studies tbe bistorical form. 
The contributions of Darwin to natural bistory ate, in a cer- 
tain large sense, tbe result of a study of tbe bistory of nature 
carried on in a scientific spirit. Studies in roacbinery, in pbi- 
losopby, in politics, in electricity even, are everywhere inclining 
to take on tbe same bistorical methods. In all branches of 
study it is apparently coming more and more to be seen that 
one's chances of discovering important new truth are quite 
exactly in proportion to cue's knowledge of tbe truth that has 
already been discovered. So far as I remember, it was tbe French 
historian Thiers that first pointed out the significance of the 
bistorical spirit of tbe nineteenth century as distinguished from 
tbe speculative spirit of the eighteenth. This difference, in- 
dicated nearly half a century ago, is now very generally recog- 
nized and understood. 

There is another fact, however, that is not less worthy of 
attention. I refer to tbe extraordinary development of studies 
in history in the colleges and universities of tbe world during tbe 
last few years. This development has amounted to a veritable 
revolution. Every American at all familiar with college life in 
this country knows that great advances have here been made ; 
but a very brief presentation will be enough to show, I think, 
that even greater progress has been made in many oi the coun- 
tries of tbe Old World. 

*In the preparation of this address I have been placed ander obligations 
by many persons for valnable information. I desire especially to express 
my thanks to Prof. H. B. Adams, of Johns Hopkins University, Prof. Paal 
Ft^^ricq, of the University of Li^ge, Prof. £. Levasseur, of Paris, Prof. 
Willard Fiske, and Professor Villari, of Florence. ~C. K. A. 



On this sabjectf as on many others, we are perhaps in some 
danger of confininfc our attention too closely to what is immedi- 
ately about as. Our eyes are apt to rest with contentment on 
our material growth and our general financial prosperity ; and 
while indulging in this contemplative satisfaction, it is quite 
possible that we shall fail to see the greater advances which, in 
certain directions, are being made in the Old World. It would 
probably be easy to show that notwithstanding all that spirit 
of enterprise of which we are justly proud as a national charac- 
teristic, there are many directions in which we have been far 
outstripped by what we have been accustomed to regard as the 
more sluggish peoples on the other side of the Atlantic. We 
are proud of the recent growth of some of our cities, as well as 
of some of our universities ; but who can compare the munici- 
pal government of Berlin or Buda-Pest with that of New Yor|c 
or Chicago, or the educational enterprise of Paris or Strasburg 
or Zurich with that of the most vigorous of our own universi- 
ties without a modest admission that, after all, we have vastly 
more to learn from them than they have to learn from us f And 
so perhaps it will be in regard to that branch of academic dis- 
cipline which is of special interest to the American Historical 
Association. Be that as it may, I have thought that on this 
occasion it would not be inappropriate to call your attention to 
the great advances that have recently been made in the teach- 
ing of history in the colleges and universities of America and 

In this presentation I shall purposely avoid limiting my in- 
quiries to any specific number of years. The scope of the sub- 
ject and the brevity of the hour compel me to deal sparingly 
with details and critical observations. My purpose will be 
satisfied if I succeed in pointing out the most important char- 
acteristics of this general advance. It will be convenient to 
look first at the teaching of history in the United States, and 
then at the teaching of history in Europe. 

It was nearly two cehturies after the founding of Harvard 
Oollege before the study of history in that institution had any 
standing whatever. So far as we can judge from the meager 
information afforded, it was customary during the whole of 
that period to give an hour at 8 o'clock on Saturday morn- 
ing to the hearing of compositions and declamations and to the 
reciting of history, ancient and modern. This bare statement 
is enough to show how impossible it was that the subject 


should make any very considerable impreiBsion. It was not an- 
til 1839 that the study of history in any American college was 
first encouraged with the endowment of a special chair. To 
that chair, the McLean professorship of ancient and modern 
history at Harvanl, Jared Sparks was called. At Baltimore, 
Professor Sparks had madetheacqnaintance of Marshall, Story, 
John Qnincy Adams, and others, and was already known as a 
successful studentand writerof Americanhistory. Mr. Sparks's 
work at Harvard, though not epoch making or even very pro- 
gresaive in its character, was an improvement on what had 
been done before. In 1840 he published his edition of Smith's 
lectures, and in the following year introduced the constitu- 
tional history of England. Though in that same year (1841) 
history and natural history were offered as elective studies, 
yet when Sparks became president of the college, in 1849, he 
attacked the elective system with so much vigor that no fur- 
ther advances could be made. This distinguished historian 
unquestionably gave an impulse to studies iu American history, 
but he left the foundations and methods substantially as he 
had found them. Very few lectures on general history seem 
to have been given to relieve the aridity of Ty tier, Keitley, and 
Schmidt, though some gain was experienced by the introduc- 
tion of Sismondi and Smith. The small importance attached 
to this general work is shown in the fact that from 1853 to 1857 
the entire field of history was intrusted to the instruction of a 
single tutor. Nor was there any very important change in 
method till after the accession of President Eliot in 1869. Up 
to 1870 Professor Torrey had for thirteen years done the entire 
work ; but now it was a gain of great importance that ancient 
history was tranferred to Professor Ourney and medisBval and 
modern history to Prof. Henry Adams. This enlargement 
of the force not only enabled the professors to give fuller and 
better instruction, but, more important still, it made possible 
the introduction of new and improved methods. The work of 
Professor Adams was not distinguished by any innovating name ; 
but tbe volume of essays on Anglo-Saxon law abundantly shows 
that the spirit of original investigation, not altogether un- 
worthy of a Oerman university, had at length taken root in 
American soil. And it is gratifying to note that the work so 
welt begun in 1870 by Professor Adams has since that date 
been carried forward in a similar spirit. The historical staff 
now consists of seven professors and teachers. The number of 


oonrses offered the past year was eigbteeo. There appears to 
be no very clearly defined seminary work, thongh connected 
with six of the conrses opportunities are offered for something 
analogous to the methods of investigation that prevail in the 
seminaries of Germany and the cours pratique of France. It 
must be regarded as unfortunate that at Harvard, where so 
much excellent work appears to be done, no provision as yet 
has been made for the systematic publication of the results that 
are achieved. But it is no small triumph in behalf of histori- 
cal studies, that within a single administration instruction in 
history has been brought at Harvard from its condition in 1869 
to its condition at the present day. 

Until within a very recent period the teaching of history at 
Yale was not very different from that which prevailed iu the 
early days at Harvard. President Stiles taught a very little 
ecclesiastical history at the end of the last century, and Pro- 
fessor Kingsley imitated his modest example at the beginning 
of this. We find that iu 1822, when the first course of studies 
was published, ancient history was taught in a way by means 
of the ancient historians, and by means of Adam's <' Soman 
Antiquities " as a text-book. Tytler's '* General History ^ was 
taught during one term of the junior year, and the first vol- 
ume of Kent's ^^ Commentaries " was this year introduced for 
two terms to the senior class. This course appears to have had 
little modification till the accession of President Woolsey in 1847. 

Nor was the change during Woolsey's administration a very 
radical one. The introduction of political philosophy, of polit- 
ical science, and of international law was undoubtedly a very 
considerable advance. But these were not wholly within the 
domain of history. Graduates of Yale, not yet quite venerable, 
remember with little satisfaction the course of history which 
consisted chiefly of lessons learned verbatim et literatim ftom 
the dry pages of Putz and Arnold. It was, as Prof. Herbert 
B. Adams has said, in revolt against this juiceless and utterly 
disheartening method of instruction, that Prof. Andrew D. 
White determined to make such afresh and original departure 
in 1857 at the University of Michigan. 

To the theological students at Tale, Prof. George P. Fisher 
began in 1861 to give scholarly instruction in Church his- 
tory, and for many years Dr. Leonard Bacon lectured to 
theological students on the history of the churches in Amer- 
ica. But it was not until Prof. A. M. Wheeler entered upon 
the duties of his chair iu 1808 that the entire energies of 


one professor were required for the teachiDg of history, and 
it was not until nine years later that Professor Wheeler waa 
relieved of the American history. Even after Professor Dex- 
ter began- his work the courses appear to have been very 
largely confined to such text-books as Eliot's ^^ United States," 
Lodges "American Colonies,'' Johnston's "American Poli- 
tics," and Von Hoist's " Constitutional History." Since 1887 
Professor Dexter's work of instruction has been taken by 
Prof. Oeorge 6. Adams. Besides a class in Boman history, 
tanght by a tutor in Latin, eight courses of instruction of one, 
two, or three hours a week during the year are given by Pro- 
fessors Wheeler and Adams, and a two-year course on the con- 
stitutional and financial history of the United States is given 
by Professor Sumner. By Mr. Baynolds, an instructor, a 
course in comparative constitutional history is also now given* 
Two of these are for graduate students, and are conducted, 
more or less rigorously, in a manner to teach methods of origi- 
nal research. 

At Columbia College nothing of importance was done till 
the advent of Professor Lieber,'in 1857, as professor of history 
and |K)litical science. And I know of nothing that more viv- 
idly Shows the conception of what in those days a professor 
was expected to do, than the formal requirements of the trus- 
tees in regard to this professorship. By special vote of the 
board, the following subjects were assigned to the newly 
elected professor: modem history, political science, inter- 
nationaljaw, civil law, and common law. It ought not, per- 
haps, to be regarded as very singular that after Dr. Lieber 
had staggered under this load from 1857 to 1865, President 
Barnard should report to the trustees as ho did when he said : 
"It is quite doubtftil whether modern history, in the proper 
sense of the word, ought to occupy any considerable space in 
the teaching of our colleges. The subject," continued he, " is 
so vast, and practically so exhaustless, that the little which 
can be tanght in the few hours of class instruction amounts to 
but a small remove firom absolute ignorance." As the result 
of this suggestion, a committee was appointed " to consider 
the propriety of abolishing the professorship of history," and, 
in accordance with their report, the duties of the professorship 
were added to those of the professor of philosophy and Eng- 
lish literature. Professor Lieber was transferred to the School 
of Law. It was not until after ten years that this singularly 


unhappy policy was abandoned. Bat in 1876 the call of Prof. 
John W. Bnrgess from Amherst College was to open a new era. 

The School of Political Science was opened in 1880, under a 
plan of organization which gave assurance of good results; 
and yet, if one may be permitted with some hesitation to 
express such an opinion, it would seem that the productive 
eCBcieucy of the school had been not a little hindered by the 
amount of class-room work exacted of the professora and 
students. It may well be doubted whether, during the two 
years immediately before the candidate comes up for Ph. D., 
more than ten, or, at most, twelve, hours a week can profitably 
be passed in the lecture-room. In spite of Euclid, it is some- 
times true that a part is greater than the whole. The best of 
historical instruction is such work of investigation as can be 
carried on under judicious and inspiring guidance; but such 
investigation can not be profitably made when the time and 
energies of the students are exhausted in the lecture-room. 
In this connection, moreover, it should not be forgotten that 
the Columbia School of Political Science is essentially what its 
name implies. During the three years of its course, the 
amount of history that finds a place in the curriculum is not 
very large. 

It has been already stated that in 1857 Prof. Andrew 
D. White carried to the University of Michigan an enthu- 
siasm, born of a reactionary spirit against what may be called 
the Piitz and Arnold methods that then prevailed at Tale. 
Professor White also carried to his work the added enthu- 
siasm of a student who had just returned from three years 
of study iu the universities of France and Germany. This 
beginning of new methods at Michigan was eleven years 
before Professor Wheeler began his work at Yale, and thirteen 
years before the appointment of Prof. Henry Adams at Har- 
vard. And the inestimable service of Professor White dur- 
ing his five years at Michigan was the fact that at that early 
day, years before a similar impulse had been felt any where 
else in the country, the study of history was lifted to the very 
summit of prominence and influence among the studies of 
the college course. !N'o one who was not on the spot can ad- 
equately realize the glow of enthusiasm with which this reac- 
tion was welcomed by the students of the university. 

The work abandoned by Professor White, practically in 
18G3 and formally in 1867, was carried on by myself, his 


8acc68Sory uutil 1885. Perhaps the most notable fact daring 
that period was the introduction of the historical seminary 
in 1869. Observation in tbe seminaries of Leipzig and Ber- 
lin had convinced me that even advanced nnder-gradnates 
could ase the methods of the German seminary with great 
profit. My expectations were more than realized. At a 
little later period, a working library of nearly three thousand 
volumes was given by a friend of the department, and these 
books were made constantly accessible to students in the 
commodions seminary rooms of the new library building. 
(Tnfortnnately there has been no pnblication fund by means 
of which papers of value could be given to the public. 
But the monographs of Professors Enight and Salmon, 
published by tltis Association in its first volume, are evi- 
dence of the quality of the work done. During the year 
1888,-^89, the number of half-year courses given by Profess- 
ors Hudson and McLaughlin was eleven, the equivalent of 
five full-year courses of lectures and one half-year seminary 

Cornell University was opened for students in 1868. Pro- 
fessor White, in coining from Michigan to the presidency, 
no doubt brought all his old fire of enthusiasm for historical 
teaching. But his interests now had to be divided and sub- 
divided between the necessities of the various departments 
of the new university. The teachiug of history, therefore, 
had to be very largely done by Professor Russell. This was 
continued till 1881, when Prof. Moses Ooit Tyler was called to 
the first professorship of American liistory established in the 
country. Prof. Herbert Tuttle, engaged at first for a part of 
the year only, was in 1887 gven a full chair of the history 
of political and municipal institutions and of international law. 
In 1888 Mr. George L. Burr, having previously acted as in- 
structor, was placed as assistant professor in charge of the 
work in mediaeval and modern history. Instruction in ancient 
history is given by Instructor Herbert B. Mills. During 
1889-'90 eleven full-year courses are given, each extending 
throughout the year, besides a course in palseography given for 
one term by Professor Burr. Of these full-year courses, three 
are seminaries, devoted to methods of original research. 

Johns Hopkins University, devoted as it hiis been from the 
first very largely to graduate work, lias offered unusual facili- 
ties for advanced instruction. Studies in history early assumed 


prominence. The plan of dividing the libraiy into depart- 
mental sections and transferring the sections to the several de- 
partments, with some drawbacks, ofifered the unquestionable 
advantage of bringing the students into immediate daily con- 
tact with the great mass of literature with which -they would 
have to deal. The graduate students of Johns Hopkins, there- 
fore, are put into a kind of laboratory or workshop with all the 
working tools of the university immediately about them. And 
this may be said to be one of the two most prominent character- 
istics of the place. The other is the admirably developed sys- 
tem by means of w hich the world gets the benefit of whatever 
good thing is done. The statf of instruction is not lai^ge, four 
men doing both the graduate and undergraduate work. And 
yet so completely are the resources of the university at the ser- 
vice of the student, and so confident is the student that what- 
ever good piece of work he may produce he will be able to 
place before the world in a manner to attract the attention it 
deserves, that the department of history, in spite of all rumored 
pecuniary distresses, has steadily grown until during the pres- 
ent year there are forty graduate students in history working 
with a view to the doctor's degree. 

I have thus passed rapidly over the advances of historical 
studies in those American institutions of university grade 
where the largest amount of work has been done. It would be 
an act of great injustice not to say that in many of the other 
colleges and universities of the land important advances hare 
also been made. In several of them work of great excellence 
is done. It is but just to say that the methods employed iQ the 
great mass of these institutions are very different from those in 
vogue twenty-five years ago. In several of them there are now 
professors of history who received their training in the best 
methods of the Old World. If the results of their instruction 
are not all that could be desired, the fault is in the plan of or- 
ganization rather than in the methods of instruction. 

That this brief review gives evidence of very considerable 
advancement can not be denied. We shall see, however, before 
the end of our survey, that when we compare ourselves with 
others, we have no occasion for historical vanity. But I can 
not turn from this part of my subject without indicating my 
judgment that the mostimportant need of advanced historical in- 
struction in this country at the present time is in each great 
edncatioual center such a publication fund as will enable the 


uniTergity to give to the world in aoademio form the results of 
thorough and advanced research. This is no doubt true in 
other fields as well as in history. But the technical journals 
afford an opportunity for the fruits of technical research, such 
as are not afforded to the historical student The wisdom of 
such provisions at Johns Hopkins University has shown itself 
in growing measure with every advancing year. The proper 
methods of study are already flourishing with us, and the fimits 
of these labors, were the opportunity offered, would be forth- 
eoming in measure to do credit to American scholarship. 

Turning from America to Oreat Britain, we find in several 
of the universities almost absolutely no recognition of histor- 
ical studies. History is still practically excluded from all the 
Scottish universities. At Aberdeen and St. Andrews it has 
not the slightest notice, and even at Edinburgh there is only a 
single course on constitutional history for students of law. 

In England, however, great activity has recently come to be 
shown at the two great universities at Oxford and Cambridge. 
This activity is of surprisingly recent growth. With a view to 
educating public officials and diplomatists, a regius professor- 
ship was established at Cambridge by Gtoorge I. with something 
of that scholastic liberality which was shown by the Oeorges 
in giving the great collection of historical books to the univer- 
sity library at 65ttingen. The regius professorship of history 
at Cambridge, however, was practically a sinecure. Perhaps 
the most distinguished occupant of the chair during the first 
hundred years was the poet Gray. It was not till as late as 
1869, when the position was taken by Prof. J. B. Seeley, that 
it became really important and began to exert an influence. 
But under the inspiration of this eminent writer and teacher, 
history forced itself into formal recognition as a discipline 
worthy of a place by the side of the classics and the mathemat- 

After due consideration, a separate tripos was established 
for modern history. As in the triposes of the classics and the 
mathematics, three years are given to the course. In four of 
the seventeen colleges preparation was at once made for giv- 
ing special lectures to prepare students for the university 
examinations. Such lectures are now given by Mr. Hammond 
at Trinity, Mr. Oscar Browning, and Mr. Prothero at Kings, 
Mr. Thornley at Trinity Hall, and Mr. Tanner at St. John's. 


To an American stndent unaccustomed to English ways, 
such a bare statement of facts conveys little impression. But 
to understand the full significance of these lectureships, two 
or three conditions must be borne in mind. The English col- 
lege is scarcely more than a place of residence, each student 
procuring such instruction as he may desire, and in any man- 
ner he may choose. At the end of the necessary period the 
examinations are conducted not by the collegers, but by the 
university. The student, therefore, is practically at entire 
liberty to pursue his studies in private. He may hear lectures 
regularly, or he may prepare himself for the examinations with 
the help of a private coach. What we understand as the work 
of instruction, therefore, plays a far less prominent part in 
the English universities than in our own. The work of exam- 
inations plays a far greater part. The requirements for final 
examinations are planned and carried out with a rigor that I 
sappose is absolutely unknown in any other country. 

The subjects on which the examinations for a degree are to 
be held, though varied to meet the wants of individual classes 
of students,are still somewhat limited inscope. ThefoUowingare 
stated as the general requirements : English history, includ- 
ing that of Scotland, Ireland, and the colonies and dependen- 
cies ; certain indicated parts of ancient, medieval, and mod- 
ern history ; the principles of political economy and the theory of 
law; English constitutional law and English constitutional 
history ; public international law, in connection with detailed 
study of certain celebrated treaties; and, finally, a theisis 
written on some one of ten proposed subjects. 

During the three years, special efforts are made to accom- 
plish two results. These are : first, to secure a knowledge of 
a great body of accepted facts and truths ; and, secondly, by 
earnest personal thought to acquire the habit of what may be 
called an historical judgment as to the real significance of 
facts and events. Toward those two ends all of the very 
inspiring lectures of Professor Seeley seem to be dire^sted. 
The lectures of the tutors appear also to have the same end in 
view. Accordingly, the examination papers are invariably 
directed very largely to the work of testing the thinking pow- 
ers of the student. That the test is one of great severity may 
be known by a single glance at one of the examination pai)ers. 
The final trial continues for fivedays, six hours a day, three hours 


in the forenoon and three iu the afternoon. There are thns 
ten papers in ten successive half-days.* 

The recent outcry in England against this system of exam- 
inations (which is carried into other subjects as well as into 
history) can hardly be considered as surprising. It may well 
be questioned whether an examination of this kind, put at the 
end of a three years' course of study, is not adapted on the one 

* The followiag is iusortod as a spocimea of the examination papers set 
before candidates for the degree of A. B. in the history tripos: 

1. "It is a fact that some nion are free and others slaves; the slavery of 
the latter is nseful and just" (Aristotle: "Politics," I., 15). "We hold 
thistrnthas self-evident: that all men are Created equal" (Declaration 
of Independence of the United States). What arguments can you bring to 
support these two assertions f Show to what extent it is possible to 
reconcile them. 

2. Show briefly the necessity and the nature of the reforms instituted by 
Jnstinian in his legislation. 

3. The epoch of heroic kings is followed by the epoch of aristocracies 
(Bfaine). Prove this statement from Roman history and from the history 
of a nation of the west or north, showing the part played by these aristoc- 
racies in the development of laws. 

4. Gnizot considered feudalism a species of federal government; weigh the 
argnmeuts in favor of this view, and compare feudalism with other ancient 
and modern confederations. 

5. Consider the causes of the universal growth of towns during the twelfth 
century, and determine to what extent the revival of Roman institutions 
can be seen therein. 

6. According to the principles of Austin, what are the limits of rights of 
subjects against their sovereign and of the sovereign against his subjects T 
Discuss the application of these principles to the struggles of James I. 
against Parliament. 

7. Show that the following laws are not laws in the true sense of the 
word : Lynch law, canonical law, the law of cricket, and the law of supply 
and demand. 

6. Show bow the penal code has been from time to time adapted to occa- 
sion, and give examples borrowed from the history of the law of treason. 

9. Show, with examples from history, what influence public opinion can 
have on government in countries that hav6 neither democratic nor repre- 
sentative institutions. 

10. Distinguish, by the aid of ancient iind modern authors, between the 
different methods that can be applied to the stndy of politics, and compare 
their advantages. 

11. What is the meaning of the terms "national will" and "national con* 
science," as differing from the wishes and opinions of the citizens f Show 
the importance of these terms in view of the development and rank of 

12. Weigh the advantages and disadvantages of the different modes of 
electing executive power in democratic states. 


hand to encourage, or at least to permit and condone, idleness 
daring the ficst years of the coarse, and to break the health 
and the spirit of the student at the end. 

It is noteworthy, also, that the tripos makes no provisions for 
what may be called original work. There is no seminary work 
to be compared with that done in Oermany and France, even 
if there is any that will compare favorably with the best in the 
United States. Bat, on the other hand, it may faurly be 
doubted whether there is anywhere else in the world a system 
tbat secures so general a knowledge of what may be called the 
great body of the accepted facts of history, and so discrimi- 
nating a judgment concerning their bearing and their signift- 
cauce. The mere list of standard authors, of which an his- 
torical student of Cambridge or Oxford is ex]>ected to become 
complete master, is vastly greater than the number required of 
students either in America or in continental Europe. 

At Oxford the methods are not essentially different from 
those at Cambridge. The tripos in modern history was here 
established in 1870, five years before that provided for on the 
Gam. It has perhaps been even more soi^cessful. While at 
Cambridge there is now but one professor and five lecturers, at 
Oxford there are two professors and thirteen lecturers, and a pro* 
gramme of courses that reminds one of the array offered at one 
of the great universities in Germany. It is certain, however, 
that the instruction is more elementary in character. There 
are, moreover, no courses that as yet correspond in any very 
exact way with the Oerman organizations for conducting 
original research, and the training of men in the art of histori- 
cal investigation. But, when all such deductions are made, it 
can not be considered as less than remarkable that in the old 
university of Oxford, where, before 1870, there was no organ- 
ized course of history whatever, the study has met with such 
favor that a staff of no less than fifteen professors and tutors 
is required to give the necessary instruction. 

The subject ought not to be dismissed without the remark 
that within three or four years something akin to the Oerman 
seminary has begun to secure a foothold. It is interesting also 
to note that this movement was the result of the efforts of an 
American student, the lamented Mr. Brearley, who went from 
one of the German universities to complete his studies at Ox- 
ford. But, as studies so conducted can not well be made sub- 
sidiary to the examinations, it is doubtful whether any very 


considerable success is to be expected till the system of exam- 
inatioDS is modified. It is chiefly for this reason that the ex- 
periment is likely to confine itself very largely to the holders 
of fellowships. 

On turning to the continent of Earope one is embarrassed 
with the yastness of the subject, aad the number of details 
that present themselves for consideration. It must suffice to 
give the briefest possible account of what is done in some of 
the smaller nationalities, and then a slightly fuller survey of 
recent advances in Germany and France. 

At Leyden, Groningen, and Utrecht, the three state universi- 
ties of Holland, the Uw requires that three branches of history 
shall be taught, namely: general history, national history, 
and ancient history, the latter including especially the history 
and antiquities of the Jews, Greeks, and Romans. Although 
Leyden and Grouingen have each two professors of history, 
and Utrecht one, still the work is carried on at great disad- 
vantage, and is only elementary in character. At Amsterdam, 
which is not a state but a communal university, neither the 
arrangement nor the work is much better. 

The peculiar organization of the Dutch universities has 
been unfavorable to historical progress. In these institutions 
five degrees of the rank of the doctorate are given, each one 
for a somewhat narrowly restricted course of study. These 
are : doctor of philosophy^ doctor of classical literature, doctor 
of Netherlandish literature, doctor of German philology, and 
doctor of Semitic literature. In 1876 the universities unani- 
mously asked for the establishment of the degree of doctor of 
historical literature. The request was denied ; and this denial 
has generally been regarded as fatal to the advancement, in 
any large sense, of historical studies. In the state universi- 
ties, therefore, history has a secondary place ; and there is said 
to be no fit teaching, even for the training of teachers of history 
in the secondary schools. To this general weakness there is 
at Amsterdam one conspicuous exception. While here, as at 
the other nniversities, very little is done in the faculty of let- 
ters, in the &culty of theology a more generous course is pro- 
vided for. Professor Moll has established what may, with 
some propriety, be called an historical school. The work is 
chiefly conducted as a seminary for the study of the ecclesiasti- 
cal history of Holland. It is now undertaking to explore the 
religious life of Holland, from the advent of Christianity to the 


present day. Excellent work is done, and good historical 
Bcholars have been trained. Unfortanately for the teaching 
of history, however, the pupils trained in this school are, 
for the most part, destined for the palpit instead of the teacher's 

In Belgiam somewhat more has been accomplished. Thongh* 
the state has given little enconragement to the work, the uni- 
versities have been fortunate in having a number of professors 
who, in spite of obstacles, were wise and zealous enough to 
organize and achieve considerable success. The universities of 
Belgium are four in number, two of them being state institu- 
tions, and two founded and supported by^ private enterprise. 
The state universities, those at Li^ge and Ghent, as well as the 
private institutions of the same general grade at Brussels and 
Lonvain, have excluded all advanced studies in history from 
the courses leading to the doctorate. But, notwithstanding this 
fact, much has been done by the enterprise of some of the proles- 
sors. Professor Borguet, at Li^ge, was the pilot of this new 
work, though he was not able to conduct it very far. It was 
in 1852 that the normal school was detached from the univer- 
sity, or at least was made distinct from it, and was given an 
independent course, extending over three years. In the third 
of these years, a cours pratiquej a kind of incipient seminary, 
was established. But secondary sources of information appear 
to have been the only ones much used. On the retirement of 
Professor Borgnet, in 1872, Professor Kurth undertook, with 
considerable success, to place the oours pratique on a footing 
more nearly analogous to that of the German seminary ; and 
this was done amid great discouragements in the faculty of let- 
ters of the university itself. Professor Kurth had visited Leip- 
zig, Berlin, and Bonn, in 1874, and had carefully observed 
German seminary methods. The result was a most creditable 
historical enterprise. In addition to his lectures, he organized 
a seminary, which consisted properly of a two years' course, 
involving a section of juniors and a section of seniors.- The 
classes were small, but the work done appears to have been, 
if not of the highest order of excellence, at least of entire 
respectability as original investigation. Tha scope of the 
work was confined chiefly to a study of the middle ages, in- 
cluding the study of palaeography and the use of such manu- 
scripts as existed in the university library. 

But the importance of Professor Kurth's work showed 


itself quite as much in its influeoce upon others as in the posi- 
tive results his pupils achieved. In 1877-'78 Professor Van- 
derkindere at Brussels organized a seminary on the German 
plan, and in 1879 a similar course was offered by Professor 
Philippson in the same university. This officer had already 
* had important experience as professor at the university of 
Bonn, and his work at Brussels appears to have shown a high 
order of excellence from the very beginning. The first volume 
of the fruits of these studies iu the seminaries of Vanderkindere 
and Philippson bears the imprint of 1889. 

In 1880 Prof. Paul Fr^d^ricq began his work at Li^ge, 
where he remained till 1884, when his activities were trans- 
ferred to Ghent. In both of these universities his seminaries 
have been conducted quite in accordance with the best methods 
of France and Germany. The Corpus Inquisitionis issued in 
1889, a volumo of more than six hundred pages, royal octavo, 
is the published fruit of the profound investigations of his 
class in the history of the Inquisition in the Low Oountries. 

It is unnecessary to go into detail in regard to history in the 
Belgian universities, further than to say that in spite of all 
governmental discouragements progress has steadily been made. 
During the present year the seminaries for advanced historical 
work in Belgium are no less than nine in number — one at Lou- 
vain, two each at Brussels and Li^ge, and four at Ghent. In 
closing what I have to say in regard to Belgium, I take the 
liberty of quoting firom a letter recently received from Professor 
Fr^d^ricq, in which, he says : << En dehors de PAllemagne et 
de la France, il me semble incontestable que les nouvelles 
m^thodes historiques out fait le plus de progr^s en Belgique." 

It would probably be quite within bounds to say that no 
other country in the civilized world has made such remarkable 
advanceis in intellectual activity within the last twenty years 
as those which have been made in Italy. The unification of 
the state gave a great impulse to education in all its grades, as 
to everything else in the way of national progress. Exactly 
contemporaneous with the unification and the transfer of the 
seat of government from Florence to Rome, was the estab- 
lishment of the ^^Istituto degli Studi Superiori,'^ a kind of 
higher university for the training of university professors, 
analogous to the JScole normale sup4rieure of Paris. The emi- 
nent historian Yillari was placed at the head of this new insti- 
tute, and, taking graduates of the universities only as pupils, 
' 8, Mis. 170 — ^ 


it begau at once to make its power felt in the teaching of his- 
tory, perhaps even morie than in any other way. Requisite 
brevity will compel me to do nothing more than simply to point 
oat a few of the different ways in which historical work in the 
universities of Italy has recently been advanced. 

(1) Through the very extensive new excavations and ex- 
. plorations carried on in all parts of Italy, and conducted with 

far greater care and with far more scientific knowledge than 
ever before. This work has been inspired, and to a very large 
extent even organized, by Comparetti, the founder and editor 
of the new Italian journal devoted to epigraphy, himself prob- 
ably the first of epigraphists, not even excepting Mommsen. 
Lauciani at Rome and other explorers of kindred spirit at Pom- 
peii and elsewhere are giving us ancient history in the light of 
recent and important discoveries. 

(2) The substitution in the universities of the modern scien- 
tific for the old rhetorical methods of instruction. The changes 
include the introduction of the German seminary,' in all but its 
name. Candidates for degrees are now required to write and 
defend not simply a thesis, but a memoir of ^cientifip impor- 
tance, involving the results of investigations in original sources. 
Among the professors who have done most to encourage work 
of this kind may be mentioned Villari of the Institute at Flor 
ence, De Leva of Padua, CipoUa of Turin, De Blasiis of Naples, 
and Falletti of Palermo. 

(3) The study of the history of the romance languages. This 
work, carried on as it is in a truly scientific spirit, has already 
thrown much light on some obscure and difficult questions in 
the history of the middle ages. The first great inspirer of this 
new activity was Professor Caix, who, one of the first great prod- 
ucts of the Institute, died at *jLn early age, greatly lamented. 
But the work has been carried on by others, among whom the 
most conspicuous are perhaps Pio Bajna of the Institute, 
Ascoli of Milan, Bonier of Turin, D'Ovidio of Naples, and Mo- 
naci of Bo me. 

(4) The study of Italian literary history. This branch of the 
work is not indeed so new as the others, but it is carried on in 
a new spirit and is achieving new results. The names most 
worthy of mention are Graf of Turin, D'Ancona of Pisa, Zum- 
biui of Naples, Garducci (the greatest of living Italian poets) at 
Bologna, and Bartoli of the Institute, the author of the best 
history of Italian literature. 


(5) And, fiDaHy, the scientific stady of the laws and institn- 
tion of the middle ages. Devoted especially to this great work 
are : Bchopfer of Borne, Del Yecchio of the iDstitat-e, Del 
Oindioe of Pavia, Brondileone of Paleribo, and Oaudenzi of 

This great recent work in Italy ought not to be dismissed 
withoat at least calling attention incidentally to the fact that 
no other nation has sach immense archives, and that these are 
now rapidly becoming accessible to all historical research. 
Those of Venice and Florence have long been known to be ex- 
traordinary; bat every province now seems to have its histori- 
cal commission, and these are now i>oafing forth from the press 
a flood of docaments of no small importance. 

In taming from Italy to Oermany we come upon ground that 
is more familiar to American scholars. But even at this great 
resort of American aspiration and ambition we should be able, 
if there were time, to discover many things that would be of 
interest and of profit. 

The modern scientific study of history everywhere has atap 
root running down into philology. It was F. A. Wolf who, at 
Halle, in the last century, established the philological seminary. 
He is, I suppose, entitled to the credit of forming the concep- 
tion of bringing his advanced pupils together for an informal 
discussiDn of their work, in order that he might point out to 
them, in the familiarity of friendly intercourse, the best meth- 
ods of conducting philological research. To this new method 
of instruction, the word seminar, or to use the Latin form, sem- 
inariunij was given. It was the idea of Wolf that Banke 
adopted, when in 1830 he ctiUed together a few of his most ad- 
vanced pupils for the prosecution of historical instruction in 
a similar spirit. Tothe teaching of history, the event was the be- 
ginning of a new epoch. About the great master were gathered 
such men as Sybel, Droysen, Haiisser, Giesebrecht, Dunoker, 
Ad. Schmidt, Wattenbach, and others, all of whose names 
have since become associated with works of the very first im- 
portance. And from that day till more than fifty years later, 
when the scepter fell from the dead hand of the great master, 
(Germany could scarcely count a single historical teacher or 
even scholar of importance that had not been at least one se- 
mester under Banke. It would be interesting to trace and to at- 
tempt to measure the influence and the power of this instruc- 
tion on the development of the nation. How many thousands 


of Oermans now ia places of official responsibility have had 
their ideas shaped by the instruction thns provided ! 

Perhaps I may be pardoned for relating an incident that oc- 
curred one day in the winder of 1868, at the close of an exer- 
cise in Droysen's seminary. The master said to me, as we were 
standing together on the steps of his honae : ^' Three of us, as 
we left Banke's seminary, had been impressed with the idea 
that public opinion was going all wrong on the subject of the 
nature and the influence of the French Bevolntiou, and we de- 
termined to do what we could to change that opinion and set 
it right. The fruit of this purpose," continued he, ^^ has been 
Hatisser's ' History of Germany from the Death of Frederick 
the Great to the Oongress of Vienna,' SybePs ^Histmry of the 
French Revolution,' and my own ^ History of Prusisian Poli- 
tics.'" In connection with this striking saying of Droysen, it 
is interesting to note tbat this fundamental idea which was 
henceforth to permeate the instruction of these three great 
teachers has continued to be dominant in the leading chairs 
of historical instruction in Germany down to the present day. 
The ideas of v. Treitschke are sufficiently well known from his 
books. Those of Maurenbrecher were clearly enunciated in hin 
inaugural address, in which he set forth the position that all 
true development in politics and national life must be an out- 
growth of the past, must be strictly historical in its essential 
character; and consequently that revolution, which isa break* 
ing ^way from the past, is unhistorical and never justifiable.* 
This statement in its completeness, however large a grain of 
truth it may have, seems about as defensible as would be the 
assertion that surgery is a direct and abnormal interference 
with the natural laws of physical development, and therefore is 
never to be resorted to. But no one can deny that such in- 
struction has exerted prodigious power on the development of 
Germany and the formation of public opinion. 

The seminary instituted by Banke was the parent of a 
numerous progeny. Seminaries sprung up in all the universi- 
tieSi but for a litUe more than twenty-five years they were left 

* Maarenbreoher's words were : ''Nar aus dem Boden der Oesohicbte er- 
wacbst die wahre Lebenskraft des Staatomannes. Nor diejenige Politik kann 
eine gate genannt' werden, welcbe die historisobe Eatwickelnng einer bes- 
timmten Nation fortasneetzen, an die historiBob erwacbaenen Elemente weiter 
ansokntipfen siob eotfiobliewt. DerBrnobmit der gescbiobtlicben Tradi- 
tion eines Volkes, das eben ist die Revolution ; Gates kann aus der Revolu- 
tion niem»lserwaobseii."^Maarenbreober'9 '* Antrittsrede," 1864, S. ICi 


to iodividaal sapport. It was to v. Sybd, at Manioh, that the 
eoedit belonged of persnading the Bavarian government to 
give to the seminary an independent subsidy. The* same 
method of sapport wan transferred to Bonn by v. Sybel in 1861. 
The next step was by v. Noord^n, who saocessively at Oreifs- 
wald, Tubingen, Bonn, and Leipzig, showed snch remarkable 
power as a teacher that he was able to induce the government 
in 1877 to^set up the great seminary at Leipzig, and still fur- 
ther to enlarge and endow it in 1880. 

As a means of showing the methods of seminary work, a 
few words in regard to the seminary rooms at Leipzig may not 
be out of place. , They are five in number, grouped closely to- 
gether, and filled with such books as are likely to be needed in 
the investigations. One of the rooms is devoted to ancient 
history, one to medisBval and modern history, one to a general 
library, one to an office, and one to a general working room. 
The rooms are all open from 9 a. m. to 10 p. m. The govern- 
ment subsidy and the special fees of students yield an annual 
income for the library of about 1500. At the first meeting of 
all the sections of the seminary last year, fifty-six students 
were reported as pretont. . They received a preliminary lecture 
on methods of work by Professor Maurenbrecher, who took as 
his test the instructions of Niebuhr: <' Whatever you study ,^ 
follow* up your subject till no man on God's earth knows more 
about it than you do." 

It ought, perhaps, to be added, that the State seminaries 
were severely attacked by Waitz in his remarkable address 
at the fiflly years' jubilee in celebration of Banke's inaugu- 
ration. He said it was time to be severe, for subsidized isemi- 
naries tended to popularize the work, and he believed that 
mediocrity should be excluded from training for historical 
teachers. To which we are inclined to exclaim : Happy is that 
country, and that condition of education, in which too many 
are inclined to take instruction of the grade offered by the 
German seminaries ! The system in its present form undoubt- 
edly is not without its critics ; but, after all due allowances 
are made, it would certainly not be too much to say, that at 
the presMit day there is no thoroughly good teaching of his- 
tory anywhere in the world that is not founded on that careful, 
exact, and minute examination of sources which was originally 
institute, and has ever since been encouraged, by the Ger- 
man seminary system. 


It must suffice to add that in the Gtormau universities tbe 
number of courses of historical lectures varies from ten to 
twen^-five each semester, and that in each institution the num- 
ber of seminaries varies, from three to seven. For the work of 
preparation for a career as an historical teacher even in one of 
the secondary schools, not less than three or four years of suc- 
cessftil study in the university is requisite. As there is more 
historical instructioq in the German gymnasium than in our 
ordinary collegiate course, the training thus acquired at the 
university is more than equivalent to three years of graduate 
work in the Apierican sense of the term. 

It has not been without purpose that the subject of recent 
historical work in France has been reserved for the last of 
what I fear has been a very tedious review. For it is in 
France, as it seems to me^ tl^t greater progress has been 
made recently in historical work than in any other nation. I 
refer not simply to the number of courses given, though 
in this regard the number offered annually at Paris is about' 
twice the number offered at Berlin. I have in mind mthei 
the organization and methods of instruction in the great 
schools for the training of historical writers and teachers. 
That they are superior to any thing now existing even in 
(Germany, I think even a brief examination will be enough 
to show. 

The first of the Parisian schools entitled to ikiention is the 
Hcole des Ohartres. In 1807 Napoleon dictated a note embody^ 
ing his idea of a national school of history. But the project 
did not take form till 1821, and had but a feeble existence 
before 1847. After that time, however, it assumed increas- 
ing importance under the brilliant direction and service of 
M. Jules Quicherat, who continued to give it the inspiration 
of his ability till his death in 1882. 

The purpose of the school was to train young scholars of 
exceptional promise in the sources of French history, and in 
the proper methods of using these sources. Epigraphy, paleog- 
raphy, archsBology, the Bomance languages, bibliography, 
the French archives, the classification of libraries, the history 
of politiciEil institutions, the history of administrative, judicial, 
civil, and canonical administration, these are the subjects to 
which attention is especially devoted. The mere list is 
enough to show that the object is not so much to teach his- 
tory as to supplement the liistorical instruction that the stu- 



dents may have elsewhere enjoyed. The object of the school 
is not only to make known the nches of the French archives, 
bnt also to give the greatest possible facility in the best meth- 
ods of nsing them. Pnpils, to be admitted, mnst be at 
least twenty-five years of age, mast have taken the bacca- 
laureate degree, and must have already devoted themselves 
for years to historical work. But twenty students a year 
are admitted, the course extending over three years. By such 
men^ as Quicherat, Himly, Paul Meyer, L^on Gautier, and 
others, a very large number of the professors in the Collige de 
France and in the other schools have received a most excellent 
training. The testimony is uniform that the instruction in 
the Hcole de9 Chartres is most thoroughly scientific and com- 
plete. So far as I am aware, Germany possesses nothing anal- 
ogous to it, unless an exception be made of the new school in 
Austria, and that was avowedly modeled after the French pro- 
totype and put under the direction of Theodore Sickel, a pupil 
trained in the French school. 

The second of the great Parisian schools to be mentioned is 
the JSoole normals supSrieurs, This celebrated school was 
founded as a kind of higher university for the special and 
final training of university graduates desiring to become uni- 
versity professors. Founded at the beginning of the century, 
it was improved by Cousin in 1830, and still further by 
Cousin's successors after the events of 1848. Under the guid- 
ance of Bersot, and still later under that of Fustel de Coul- 
anges, work of the first importance has been accomplished. 
The quality of students may be inferred from the fact that 
the applicants must all have taken the bachelor's degree, that 
the number annually applying for admission is about two hun- 
dred, from whom often not more than the best twenty-five are 
selected. The maximum number in all the classes is one hun- 
dred and thirty-five. These, like our students at West Pointy 
are for the most part supported by the government and are held 
to rigid requirements. Housed in dormitories, the students 
are bound by rules which condescend to snch details as to re- 
quire that no one shall leave the yard except '<at certain 
hours on Sunday and Tuesday," and <'once a month till mid- 
night." Half the students are trained in science, and half in 
letters. Of the latter class a fair proportion are fitted to be- 
come teachers and professors of history. During the third 
year, students are permitted, under strict regulations, to 


hear lectures in the ^oole des Chartres^ and in the ^oole 
pratique still to be mentioned. After the second year, the 
students are required, in addition to their regular work, to de- 
vote themselves in the most serious manner to some work of 
earnest investigation. Many of the fruits of these studies 
have appeared from time to time in the pages of the Bevue 

From what has been said, it will readily be inferred that the 
competition for admission is such that it is easy to maintain a 
high standard of scholarship. It is not too much to say that 
the school is exerting a vast influence on the rising generation 
of historical workers and teachers throughout France. 

The third and last of the French schools entitled here to be 
especially named is the JScole pratique des hautes JStudea. This 
institution was the most important fruit of the schoWly activ- 
ity of Victor Duruy, who in various ways did so much for his- 
torical teaching in France. It was in 1868 that, as minister of 
public instruction, he reported to the emperor that the lectures 
at the Collige de France were given to a promiscuous crowd of 
all classes and ages, as well as of both sexes ; that these lect- 
ures made very little permanent impression, and that some- 
thing should be done to teach such methods as those that had 
been instituted by the great scholars of Germany. Perhaps 
the most important merit of Duruy's scheme was that it was a 
carefully devised plan to break up the notion that there could 
be such a thing as historical education from the mere hearing 
of lectures. It was the formal establishment in France of th^ 
library, or laboratory method of investigation, as applied to 
history. But this intelligent minister did not go about his 
work blindly. The ambassadors, ministers, and consuls were 
directed by the French government to examine and report 
upon the methods of other countries, especially upon those of 
Germany. Some of the reports were of remarkable merit. 
They revealed at once the necessities of the situation, and the 
difficulties that would confront an effort to graft the new order 
upon the old stock. Duruy had the very common experience 
of finding at the university an imperturbable conservatism. 
The old professors resisted his efforts at every point. He 
found it impossible either to convince them or to move them. 
Finally he determined to flank them, and this he did by estab- 
lishing a new school, L* l^cole pratique des hautes tltudes. The 
new school was founded by imperial decree, July 31, 1868, and 


his purpose was declared to be the bringing together not sim- 
ply of auditors but of pupils — ileves. The librarian of the 
Soibonne, M. L^on Bonier, was put in charge. Associated 
with him were Waddington, an old student of Oxford, and 
subsequently minister of public instruction; Michel Br^al, 
who had drawn up an admirable report on the methods in 
Germany ; and Alfred Maury, director of the national archives. 
To the amazement of everybody, Duruy appointed young men, 
for the most part unknown, in regard to Whose ability he had 
extraordinary sagacity. One of the most noteworthy of these 
was Gabriel Mouod, who at once instituted a seminary of the 
most approved German thoroughness, and a little later founded 
the Bevue Hhtoriqtie as an organ of expression of this new 
historical school. During the first year they had* but six 
pupils ; but so excellent were their methods, so energetic were 
their labors, and so admirable were their fruits, that in 1889, 
twenty-one years after the founding of the school, there have 
come to be some thirty professors, giving in the most approved 
and scientific manner scarcely less than a hundred different 
courses, in which the students are required to carry on their 
work by means of personal investigation. Of tlie admirable 
character of the results accomplished by this group of young 
French historical scholars, the most abundant evidence is fur- 
nished by the pages of the Revue Historique. 

But recent and special activity in historical work is not 
confined to the new schools. It is manifest everywhere in pre- 
ponderating influence. Of the thirty-eight professors in t^e 
Faeuia dea Lettres at Paris, ten are professors of history, and 
two are professors of geography. Under the Second Empire 
the whole number was only three. A kindred impulse has also 
been felt in the .provinces. The city of Paris has founded a 
chair for the special study of the history of the French Eevo- 
kition. A similar chair has been founded at Lyons. Bor- 
deaux has established a chair for the study of ^he history of 
southern France. In the J^oole libre dea Sciences politiques^ 
founded by M. Boutmy in 1872, much work in the history of 
political institutions is also done. The French schools at 
Athens and Home are doing much in archsBology. And so in 
every quarter and at every point, France seems to be fully 
alive to the fact that it is in the study of history that the 
present needs of the nation are to be advantageously and 
abundantly supplied. 


In the preseDce of sach achievements, American scholarship 
finds far more encouragement for its modesty than for. its 

Why may not a school, with some sach methods and purposes 
as those established at Paris, be established in the United 
States f Shall it be in Washington, or in New York, or at 
Harvard, or at Yale, or ut Johns Hopkins, or at Cornell, or at 
some other edncational center in the nation f 

It is not exhilarating to oar patriotism to reflect that until 
some such facilities are afforded on this side of the AtlantiC| 
large numbers, not only of the brightest but also of the wisest 
of our youth, will annually flock to the better opportunities 
provided by the institutions of the Old World. 


By Jaioes Bchoulkr. 

What, let OS ask, is history t And by what image may we 
present to the mind 6f the student a proper conception of that 
department of stady f Emerson, oar American Plato, pictures 
as a vast sea the universal mind to which all other minds have 
access. ^^ Of the works of this mind," he adds,>^ history is the 
record." That idea is a leading one of this philosopher. Man 
he considers the encyclopsedia, ^ the epitome of facts; the 
thought, he observes, is always prior to the fact, and is 
wrought out in human action. 

Such a conception may suit the philosophic mind ; it may 
commend itself to men of thought, as contrasted with men of 
action. But it seems to me too vast if not too vague a definition 
for an appropriate basis to historical investigation. No one 
can project history upon such a plan, except man's Maker, the 
Universal Mind itself. Thought itself may precede the fact, 
but the two do not coincide nor form a perfect sequence. The 
empire of thought differs greatly from that of personal action ; 
we each live but one life, while we may propose a hundred. 
The works of the mind involve all knowledge, all reasoning, 
all experience. Nor can we with accuracy picture the human 
mind as a tranquil sea tossing only in its own agitations, but 
rather as an onward force working throifgh strong physical 
barriers. History, in truth, is the record of human thought in 
active motion, of thought which is wrought out into action, of 
events in their real and reconled sequence. The individual 
acts upon his external surroundings ; those surroundings react 
upon him and upon his fellows. Men, tribes, nations, thus 
acting, mold one another's career and are molded in return. 

*Read before the American Historical AaaocAtKtwn, at WaaUiagton, 
December 31, 1889. 




History leaves the whole boandless empire of anfettered 
mental philosophy', of fictiou, of imagination. It deals with 
facts ; it notes and narrates what has actaaliy transpired and 
by whose agency ; and it draws where it may the moral. His- 
tory, in short, Is the record of conseoative events— of oonsecn- 
tive public events. 

This broad truth shoald be kept in view, that the human 
mind (under which term we comprise volition, and not the in- 
tellectual process alone), that the individual character acts 
upon the circumstances surrounding it, upon external nature, 
upon external fellow-beings. These persons and things ex- 
ternal notouly modify and influence one's attempted action, but 
modify his thought and feeling; they react upon him, ifbrm 
and influence his character, his destiny. This makes human 
history, and it makes the forecast of that history forever 

The picture, then, that we should prefer to present to the im- 
agination is not of one vast universal mind, calmly germinat- 
ing, fermenting, conceiving ; not of one mind at equilibrium, 
having various inlets — but of a torrent in motion. They did 
wisely and naturally who mapped out for us a stream of history 
flowing onward, and widening and branching in its flow. 
Downward and onward, this impetuous torrent of human life 
obeys its own law of gravitation. It advances like a river, 
with its feeders or its deltas; or like the march of an immense 
army, now re-enforced, now dividing into columns, now re- 
uniting, — but going forever on and never backward. Let us 
reject, therefore, the idea of an a jvrion history and whatever con- 
ception conjures up a human mind planning history in advance 
and then executing it. Buckle was oppressed to death by the 
burden of such an idea as that of reducing the whole history of 
this world's civilization to a law of natural selection. There is 
no rigid scientific development to the human race. The particle 
of divine essence which is In man formulates, creates, compels 
to its will, changes because of its desire for change; though, 
after all, it bends to the laws of natural necessity. The man 
of genius may invent; he may construct a wonderful motive 
engine which propels by steam or electricity ; yet he may be 
battered to pieces by this same machine, if ignorant or careless 
of some latent physical cause. We speak, too, of prophecy; 
but prophecy is vague. " Westward," says Bishop Berkeley, 
<< the course of empire takes its way ; " and he looked through the 


vista of a centary. Bat who, of all our statesmen aud philan- 
thropists who flourished forty years ago — and wise and great, 
indeed, were many of them — foretold with accuracy how aud 
' through what agencies the problem of American slavery, which 
they SQ earnestly discussed, would reach its historical solution t 

To take, then, our simile of the onward torrent from distant 
soarces, or the army advancing fron) afisir: Observe how ab- 
sorbed was ancient history with the larger streams fed by hid- 
den fountains ; how its'narrative w^is confined to the great lead- 
^ ers of thousands and tens of thousands. But in modern history 
each individual has his relative place ; and looking as through 
a microscope we see an intricate network of rills from which the 
full stream is supplied. In this consists the difiference between 
ancient and modern life, aucient and modem, history. Sim- 
plicity is the characteristic of the primitive age ; complexity is 
that of our presei^t civilized and widely multiplied societyi 
The ancient force was the force of the pre eminent leader — of 
the king, the warrior-chief; but the modern force is that rather 
of combined mankind— «f the majority. Individuals were for- 
merly absorbed under the domination of a single controlling 
will, but now thoy are blended or subdued by the co-operation 
of wills, among which the greatest or the pre-eminent is hard 
to discover. The course of history all the while is consecutive, 
knowing no cessation. There is a present, a past, and a future ; 
but the present soon becomes the past, the future takes its turn 
as the present. And, after all, the onl^ clear law of history is 
that of motion incessantly onward. 

As students of history we seek next a subject and a point of 
view. Look, then, upon this vast chart of the world's progress. 
Retrace its course, if you will, and choose where you shall ex- 
plore. Do not choose at random, but with this great universal 
record to guide you as a chart ; as a chart capable, indeed, of 
correction, but in the main correct enough to serve the navi- 
gator. Having thus chosen, circumscribe your work ; confine 
your exploration to a particular country, to a particular period, 
say of twenty, thirty, or a hundred years ; let your scrutiny be 
close, and discover what you may to render the great chart 
fuller and more accurate than hitherto.. If universal history 
be your subject, you will not go far beyond tracing the bold 
headlands, while on the other hand, with a small compass of 
work, you may contribute much information of genuine value 
to your age. Dxplore from some starting point ; you can de- 


scend apok it like a hawk. Yoa may reqaire some time to 
study its vicinity, to look back and consider what brought 
the stream to this point. Bat your main investigation will be 
not by exploring to a sonrce, bat by following the stream in its 
onward and downward current. In the present age one must 
be ignorant of much if he would be proficient in something. 

Our chart of history opens like an atlas ; it presents page 
after page of equal size, but with a lessening area for the sake 
of an inoreasi ng scale. One page exhibits a hemisphere, another 
a continent, another a nation ; others, in turn, the state, the 
county, the«municipal unit. From a world we may thus reduce 
the focus, until we have mapped within the same spaces a town 
or city, or even a single house ; from a pofiulation of millions we 
may come down to a tribe, a family, or even (as in a biography ) to 
a single individual, and we retrace the human course accordingly. 
Or we may trace backwards, as the genealogist does, in an 
order reverse to biography or general history. As we have 
projected, so we work, we investigate. In such an atlas as I 
am describing, how different appear both civil and physical 
configurations at different epochs. Compare, for instance, a 
map of the United States of our latest date with earlier ones in 
succession from 1787. Not only in national names and bodn- 
daries do they differ, not only in the obscure or erroneous de- 
lineation of lakes and rivers in unexplored regions, but in that 
dotting of towns and cities, that marking of county divisions, 
which positively indicates the advance of a settled population 
and settled State governments. Maps of different epochs like 
these, where they exist, are part of a permanent historical 

Involved in the study of any civilization is the study of its 
religion, of its literature, of its political and military move- 
ments, of the appliances of science, of the changes and devel- 
opment of trade, commerce, and industries. Each of these 
influences may be traced apart, or their combined influence 
may be shown upon the coarse of some great people. In this 
present enlightened age, nations intersect one another more 
and more in their interests, and you may feel the pulse of the 
whole civilized world through the daily press. How different 
the task of preparing such a history as the nineteenth century 
requires, from that of ancient Athens, of China, of mediasval 
Britain, of early America. But in all tasks unity and selec- 
tion should be the aim, and above all circumscription. One 


must measure out his work with exactness, make careful esti- 
mates, and work the huge materials into place, besides using 
his pencil with the dignity and grace of an artist. In a word, 
he should be an architect. It is because of this union of the 
ideal and practical that Michael Augelo \leserves the first 
place among men distinguished in the fine arts. And for this 
reason, too, we may well rank Gibbon as the foremost among 
historians ; as greater, indeed, than Thucydides, Sallnst, or any 
other of those classical writers who have so long been held up 
for modern reverence. And this is because, with skill equally 
or hearly as great as theirs, he conceived and wrought out a 
task far more difficult. In historical narrative the greatest 
triumph consists in tracing ont and delineating with color and 
accuracy a variety of 'intricate influences which contribute to 
the main result. And who has done this so well as the author 
of the '^Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire," that greatest 
of all historical themes, that most impressive and momentous 
of all Iiuman events T See the hand of the master unfolding 
the long train of emperors and potentates ; painting the re- 
volt and irruption of distant nations, of remote tribes; gather- 
ing upon his canvas the Greeks, the Scythians, the Arabs, 
Mohammed and his followers, the fathers of the Christian 
Church, the Goths and northern barbarians who were destined 
to shape the civilization of modern Europe; leading his read- 
ers with stately tread through the whole grand pathway down 
which the highest type of a pagan civilization sank slowly into 
the shades and dissolution of the dark ages. .1 will not deny 
that Gibbon had faults as a histoi:ian ; that his stately pomp 
might become wearisome, that he partook somewhat of the 
French sensuousness and skepticism which surrounded him as 
he labored. But of his profound scholarship and artistic skill 
there can be no question. Contrast with a task like his the 
simple narrative of some brief strife under a few heroes or a 
single one— like the history of the Peloponnesian or Jugurthine 
war, 6t like that of the Cortes invasion of Mexico which our 
own Prescott has so admirably described — and see how im- 
mense is the difference. Yet I would not be understood to dis- 
parage these other writers with simpler subjects. They have 
instructed and interested posterity and their own times ; their 
{jftme is deservedly lasting; there is room in historical litera- 
ture for them and for all. And our Anglo-Saxon appears to be. 
of all historical explorers, the best adapted to portray the man- 


ners and events of foreign nations and distant times. Thncyd- 
ides and Xenophon wrot'O each of his own country alone ; and 
so did Sallust, Livy, Tacitns. But Gibbon perfected himself 
in a foreign literatare and tongue so as to write of other lands ; 
and so, too, did our Prescott and Motley. . 

Here let us observe how much easier it is to be graphic, to 
interest and attract the reader, when one's story has simple 
unity and relates to personal exploit. Biography, or the study 
of individual leaders, is at the foundation of the narratives 
which are most widely read and most popular ; in the Bible^ 
for instance, in Homer, in the wsirs of Alexander, Caesar, or 
Napoleon. Biography excites interest becaui^e it develops, 
as in the reader's own experience, the growth of a certain in- 
dividual life to which all other lives bear but an incidental re- 
lation; and for this reason^ too, biography is partial. The 
modern temperament, however, leads us to investigate, besides, 
the growth of the people who were ruled, the development of 
their laws, manners, customs, and institutions. In either case 
the interest that moves the reader is human. That military 
and political course of a community with which history is chiefly 
engrossed moves far dififerently, to be sure, under an absolute 
monarch than in a democracy ; in the former case foibles and 
caprice are those of a person, in the latter they are those 
of a whole people. Yet we observe in all but the ruder ages 
of mankind the refining influence upon rulers which is exerted 
by philosophy, by religion, literature and the arts. Note this, 
for example, under the reign of Solomon, of Pericles, of Alex- 
ander, of Constantine ; and yet it is a lasting regret to posterity 
that out of epochs like theirs so little is left on i-ecord concern- 
ing the daily lives and habits of the people they governed. 
That must be a rigid tyranny, indeed, whose government 
has not recognized to some extent the strong though insen- 
sible force of popular customs. Custom constantly crystallizes 
into laws, which the legislature, the court, or the monarch 
stamps with authority ; and thus are local institutions pruned 
and trained like the grape-vine on a trellis. We find in the 
most primitive society wills and the transmission of property 
recognized ; buying and selliog; trade and commerce (whence 
come revenue and personal prosperity) ; marriage and the se- 
clusion, greater or less, of the family circle. How seldom has 
the reader associated all these with the wealth of Solomon and 
the Queen of Sbeba, with the vicissitudes of Crosus, the volap- 


taoas pleasares of Xerxes, Cleopatra, or the later Gsesars ; and 
yet it is certain that unless the subjects of monarchs like these 
had pursued their private business successfully^ amassed for- 
tunes of their own, brought up families, and increased in num- 
bers, the monarch could not have been arrayed with such lux< 
ury; for royal revenues come from taxation, and the richest 
kings and nobles take but a percentage from the general wealth. 
The customs of one nation are borrowed by others ; Moses, 
.Lycurgus, 3plon, among the great lawgivers^ framed codes 
each for his own people after observing the institutions of other 
and older countries, and considering how best to adapt them. 
Gh)vemment has rightly been likened to a coat which is cut 
dififerently to fit each figure, each nation ; and, more than this, 
the garb itself may differ in pattern, since the object is to clothe 
different communities appropriately to the tastes and habits 
of each. We shall continue to regret, then, that the ancient 
writers have left as so little real illustration concerning the 
habits of these earlier peoples — bow they worked and sported, 
and what was their intercourse and mode of life. Research in 
archaeology may yet supply such information in a measure; 
and of the institutions, the embodied customs, we have, fortu- 
nately, some important remains. No contribution survives, 
more valuable to this end, than the books of Boman jurispru- 
detice which were compiled uader Justinian. Though one of 
the lesser rulers of that once illustrious empire, he has left a 
fame for modern times more conspicuous than that of Julius or 
Augustus Gtesar ; and this is because he brought into permanent 
and enduring form for the guidance and instruction of all suc- 
ceeding ages the wisest laws, the best epitome of human experi- 
ence, the broadest embodiment of customs, whi^h ever regu- 
lated ancient society in the mutual dealings of man and man. 

As for the progress of our modern society which emerges 
from the mediaeval age succeeding the Boman collapse, its ad- 
vance in knowledge and the arts, in the successive changes of 
manners and pursuits, there is much yet to be gathered and 
exposed to view for illustration ; though with respect to Eng- 
land we owe much to Macaulay for setting an example of in- 
vestigation upon that broader line which Niebuhr and others 
of his school had initiated for Boman history. And Macaulay 
achieved the additional triumph of making such investigation 
attractive. Statutes and judicial reports (to quote Daniel 
.Webster) are overflowing fountains of knowledge respecting 
S. Mis. 170 i 



the progress of Anglo-Saxon society, from fendalism down to 
the full splendor of the commercial age. And from the modem 
invention of printing, let us add, and particularly since the 
growth and development of the modern press, we find (with all 
the faults of fecundity and fallibility which are peculiar to 
journalism) a picture of the world's daily life set forth which 
far surpasses in its vivid and continuous delineation*any col- 
lection of ancient records. Our modern newspaper may pander 
for the sake of gain ; it may avow no higher aim in affairs than 
to please a paying constituency ; and yet, for better or worse, 
it wields and will continue to wield an immense power. The 
reporter may be brazen -facfed, incliu^ed to scandalous gossip 
and ribaldry; the news may be spread forth disjointed, 
founded on false rumor, requiring correction; editorial com- 
ments may be willfully partisan, or thundered from the Olym- 
pus height of a safe circulation; but, even at its worst, so long 
as it is duly curbed by the laws of libel so essential for the 
citizen's protection, what with advertisements, business news, 
the discussion of current topics, the description of passing 
eventa and the transient impression made by them, our news- 
paper holds the mirror up to modern society; while at its 
best, journalism sits in her chariot, pencil in hand, like that 
marble muse herself in our national capitol,over the timepiece 
of the age. The newspaper's truest revelation is that uncon- 
scious one of the passions and prejudice of the times, and of 
that cast of popular thought under which events were born ; 
it preserves imperishable the fashion prevailing, for posterity 
to look upon with reverence or a smile. But in the present 
age the journalist should beware how he presents his columns 
to bear the double weight of universal advertiser and universal 
purveyor of knowledge, lest he make a chaos of the whole. As 
in the former centuries records were scanty, so in the century 
to come they will be found superabundant, unless fire or deluge 
diminish them. Pregnant facts, such as in the past we search 
for in vain, lie buried under prevalent methods, in bnshel-heaps 
of worthless assertion. To know the old era, you must search 
with a lantern ; to know the new era, you must winnow. 

Research is a fitting word to apply in historical studies; lor 
by this word we import that one is not content to skim the 
surface of past events, but prefers to probe, to investigate, to 
turn the soil for himself. It is original exploration which 
makes such studies attractive and stimulating, We walk the 


streets of buried cities and roam through the deserted houses, 
once instinct with life, piercing the lava crust of careless cen- 
taries ; we place our hearts and minds, richer by accumulated 
ezperiencct close to the passions and intellects of an earlier 
age; and we listen to the heart beat of a race of mankind who 
reached forward, as our own race is reaching and as all races 
reach in turn, to catch the omens of a far off destiny. The 
grand results and the grand lessons of human life are ours in 
the retrospect, and in the retrospect alone. And while retrac- 
ing thus the foot-prints of the past, we shall do well if we deduce 
the right moral ; if we judge of human actions dispassionately 
and as befits scholars of riper times and a broader revelation ; 
if we keep under due constraint that laudable but dangerous 
passion for new discovery, so as neither to revive buried 
calumnies nor to weigh evidence with a perverted bias to 
novelty. Let our judgment give full force to the presumption 
that the long-settled opinion is the true one, and let our spirit 
of research be imbued at all times with the fearless purpose to 
know and to promulgate the truth. 


By G. Brown Goods, Ph.D., LL.D., AsBistant Secretary of the Smithsonian 
luBtitution, in charge of the U. S. National Musenm. 

^^ Early in the seventeenth oentary," we are told, ^^ the great 
Mr. Boyle, Bishop Wilkine, and 80veral other learned men^ 
proposed to leave England and establish a society for promot- 
ing knowledge in the new Colony [of Gonuecticat], of which 
Mr. Winthrop,t their intimate friend and associate, was ap- 
pointed Governor.*^ 

<* Such menr,'' wrote the historian, '^ were too valuable to lose 
trom Great Britain, andOharles the Second having taken them 
nnder his protection in 1661, the society was there established, 
and received the title of * The Royal Society of London.' "| 

For more than a hundred years this society was for oar conn- 
try ^hat it still is for the British colonies throughout the 
world — a central and national scientific organization. All 
Americans eminent in science were on its list of Fellows, among 
them Gotten Mathep, the three Winthrops, Bowdoin, and Paul 
Dudley in New England ; Franklin, Bitteuhouse, and Morgan 
in Pennsylvania; Banister, Clayton, Mitchell, and Byrd in 
Virginia, and Garden and Williamson in the Garolinas, while 
in its ^^ Philosophical Transactions " were published the only 
records of American research. § 

* ReTiaed and corrected to Jaly 15, 1890. 

t John Winthrop. F. R. S. [l(K)6-'76], elected Governor of Connecticnt in 

I Eliot, John, Biographical Dictionary of Eminent Characters in New 
England. Salem, 1809. 

$ The first meetings of the body of men afterwards organized as the Royal 
Society appear to have taken place daring the Revolution and in the time 
of Cromwell, and as early as 1645, we are told by Wallace, weekly meetings 
were held of ** diverse worthy persons inquisitive into natural philosophy 
and other parts of human learning, and particularly of what has been 
caUed the New Philosophy , or Experimental Philosophy,** and it is more than 




It was not until long after the middle of the last century 
that any scientific society was permanently established in 
North America, although serious but fruitless efforts were 
made in this diction as early as 1743, when Beiyamin Frank- 
lin issued his circular entitled ^* A proposal for promoting use- 
ful knowledge iamong the British plantations in America," in 
which it was urged '^ that a society should be form.ed of virtuo9i 
or ingenious men residing in the several colonies, to be^called 
the American Philosophical Society." 

There is still in existence, in the possession of the Philosoph- 
ical Society in Philadelphia, a most interesting letter from 
Franklin to Oovernor Oadwallader Golden of New York, in 
which he tells of the steps which had already been taken for 
the formation of a scienti^c society in Philadelphia^ and of 
the means by which he hoped to make it of great importance 
to the colonies. 

Our forefathers were not yet prepared for the society, nor 
for the <^ American Philosophical Miscellany " which Franklin 
proposed to issue, either monthly or quarterly.^ There is no 
reason to believe that the society ever did anything of impor- 
tance. Franklin's own attention was soon directed exclusively 
to his electrical researches, and his society languished and 

Some twenty years later, in 1766, a new organization was 
attempted under the title of ^' The American Society held at 
Philadelphia for Promoting Useful Knowledge.'' * Franklin, 
although absent in England, was elected its President, and the 
association entered upon a very promising career. 

In the meantime the few surviving members of the first 
^^ American Philosophical Society " formed, under the old name, 
an organization which in many particulars was so unlike that 

probable that this assembly of philosophers was identical with the *' Invisi- 
ble College '' of which Boyle spoke ia sundry letters written in 1646 and 
1647. These meetings continned to be held, sometimes at the Bnli-He&d 
Tavern, in Cheapside, but more frequently at Gresham College, until 1660, 
when the first record book of this society was opened. Among the first 
entries is a reference to a design then entertained *^ of founding a College 
for the promoting of Physico-Mathematicall Experimentall Learning." 
Dr. Wilkins was appointed chairman of the society, and shortly after, the 
king, Charles II, having become a member, its regular meeting place was 
appointed to be in Qresham College. 

* This name was adopted in 1768 to replace that first adopted in 1766, 
which was *' The American Society for Promoting and Propagating Useful 
Knowledge, held in Philadelphia/' 


proposed In 1743 that it might almost be regarded as new 
rather than a revival. Its membership included many of the 
most influential and wealthy colonists, and the spirited man- 
ner in which it organized a plan for the observation of the 
transit of Venus in 1769 gave it at once a respectable stand- 
ing at home and abroad. 

In 1769, after negotiations which occupied nearly a year, the 
two societies were united* and '^ The American Philosophical 
Society held at Philadelphia for Promoting Useful Ejiowledge," 
has from that time until now, maintained an honorable position 
among the scientific organizations of the world. 

The society at once began the publication of a volume of 
memoirs, which appeared in 1771 under the name of ^^ The 
American Philosophical Tran8actions.''t 

From 1773 to 1779 its operations were often interrupted. In 
the minutes of the meeting for December, 1774, appears the 
following remarkable note in the handwriting of Dr. Benjamin 
Bush, one of the secretaries, soon after to be one of the signers 
of the Declaration of Independence: 

The act of the British Parliament for shutting np the port of Boston, for 
altering the charters and for the more impartial administration of Jastice 
in the province of Massachnsetts Bay, together with a bill for establishing 
popery and arbitrary power in Qaebec, having alarmed the whole of the 
American. colony, the members of the American Philosophical Society par- 

*Some insight into the scientific politics of the time may be gained by 
reading the following extract from a letter addressed to Franklin by Dr. 
Thomas Bond, June 7, 1769: ** I long meditated a revival of our American 
Philosophical Society, and at length thought I saw my way clear in doing 
it, but the old party leaven split as for a time. We are now united, and 
with your presence may make a fignre ; but till that happy event I fear 
much wiU not be done. The assembly have countenanced and encouraged 
ns generously and kindly, and we are much obliged to you for your care in 
procuring the telescope, which was used in the late observations of the 
transit of Venus.'' 

tA copy of the finished volume of the Trausactions was presented to 
each member of the Pennsylvania assembly, accompanied by an address 
as follows: "As the various societies which have of late years been in- 
atituted in Europe have confessedly contributed much to the more general 
propagation of knowledge and useful arts, it is hoped it will give satisfac- 
tion to the members of the honorable House to find that the Province which 
they represent can boast of the first society and the first publication of a 
volume of Transactions for the advancement of the useful knowledge of 
this side of the Atlantic ; a volume which is wholly American in composi- 
tion, printing, and paper, and which, we flatter ourselves, may not be 
thought altogether unworthy of the attention of men of letters in the most 
improved parts of the world.'' 


taking with their oonntrymen in the distress and labours brought upon their 
country, were obliged to disoontinae their meetings for some months until 
a mode of opposition to the said acts of Parliament was established, which 
we hope may restore the former hannony and maintain a perpetual union 
between Great Britain and the Americas. 

This entry is especially interesting, because it emphasizes 
t^ie fact that among the members of this infant scientific societ3'' 
were many of the men who were most active in the organiza- 
tion of the Eepablic, and who, under the stress of the times, 
abandoned the quiet pursuits of science, and devoted them- 
selves to the national interests which were just coming into 

Franklin was president fjtom its organization until his death 
in 1790. He was at the same time president of the Common* 
wealth of Pennsylvania, and a member of the Constitutional 
Convention, and the eminence of its leader probably secured 
for the body greater prestige than would otherwise have been 
attainable. The society, in fact, soon assumed national im- 
portance, for, during the last decade of the century and for 
many years after, Philadelphia was the metropolis of American 
science and literature. 

Directly after the Bevolution, a similar institution was estab- 
lished in Boston,-— the American Academy of Arts and Sciences, 
which was incorporated by the legislature of Massachusetts 
in 1780, and published its first memoirs in 1785. This, like the 
Philadelphia society, owed its origin to the efforts of a great 
statesman. We find the whole history in the memoirs of John 
Adams, a man who believed, with Washington, that scientific 
institutions are the best and most lasting protection of a popu- 
lar government. 

In a memorandum written in 1809, Mr. Adams gave his rec- 
ollections of the circumstances which led to his deep and last- 
ing interest in scientific foundations. 

In traveling from Boston to Philadelphia, in 1774-^75-76-^77, I haci sey- 
eral times amived myself at Nor walk, in Connecticat, with the very curi- 
oas collection of birds and insects of American production made by Mr. 
Arnold ; * a collection wliich he afterwards sold to Gk>vernor Tryon, who 
sold it to Sir Ash ton Lever, in whose apartments in Loudon I afterwards 
viewed it again. This collection was so singular a thing that it made a 
deep impression upon me, and I could not but consider it a reproach to my 
country, that so little was known, even to herself, of her natural history. 

* Some local antiquary may make an interesting contribution to the 
literature of Aiherican museum work by looking up the history of this 



When I was io Europe, ia the years 1778-79 in the oommission to the King 
of France, with Dr. Franklin and Mr. Af thnr Lee, I had opportunities to 
see the King's collection and many others, whioli increased my wishes that 
nature might he examined and studied in my own country, as it was in 

In France, among the Academicians and other men of science and letters, 
I was frequently entertained, with inquiries concerning the Philosophical 
Society of Philadelphia, and with eulogiums on the wisdom of that institu- 
tion, and encomiums on some puhlications in their Transactions, These 
conversations suggested to me the idea of such an estahlishment in Boston, 
where I knew there was as much love of science, and as many gentlemen 
who were capahle of pursuing it, as iu any other city of its size. 

In 1779, 1 returned to Boston on the French fHgate La Sensible, with the 
Chevalier de la Luzerne and M. Marbois.* The corporation of Harvard 
College gave a public dinner in honor of the French ambassador and his 
suite, and did me the honor of an invitation to dine with them. At table 
in the Philosophy Chamber, I chanced to sit next to Dr. Cooper, t I enter- 
tained him during the whole of the time we were together, with an account 
of Arnold's collections, the collection I had seen in Europe, the compliments 
I had heard in France upon the Philosophical Society of Philadelphia, and 
concluded with proposing that the future legislature of Massachusetts should 
institute an Academy of Arts and Sciences. 

The doctor at lirst hesitated ; thought it would be difficult to find mem- 
bers who would attend to it ; but the principal objection was, that it would 
injure Harvard College by setting up a rival to it that might draw the atten- 
tion and affections of the public in some degree from it. To this I answered, — 
first, tbat there were certainly men of learning enough that might compose a 
society sufficiently numerous ; and secondly, that instead of being a rival to 
the university, i t would be an honor and an advantage to it. That the presi- 
dent and principal profiBssors would, no doubt, be always members of it ; 
and the meetings might be ordered, wholly or in part, at the college and 

*Tbe Chevalier Anne C^ar de la Luzerne [1741-1821] was French min- 
ister to the Unit-ed States from 1779 to 1783, afterwards minister to 
England. M. Frau9oi8 de Barbd Marbois [1745-1837] was his secretary of 
legation, and afterthereturnof his chief to Frauce, was oAar^^ d'o^atref until 
1785. For many interesting facts, not elsewhere accessible, concerning the 
career of these men in the United States, and their acquaintance with 
Adams, see John Durand's admirable ''New Materials for a History of the 
American Revolution." New York : Henry Holt &, Co., 1889. 12°, pp. i-vi, 

t Rev. Samuel Cooper, D. D. [1725-83], an eminent patriot, long pastor 
of Brattle Street Chnrcb, in Boston, and a leading member of the corpora- 
tion of Harvard. He was the first vice-president of the American Academy 
of Arts and Sciences. 

The first president of the Academy was James Bowdoin, afterwards 
governor of Massachusetts,. and the friend of Washington and Franklin, 
and a member of the Royal Society. He held the presidency from 1780 
until his death in 1790. His descendant, the Hon. Robert C. Winthrop, was 
chosen to deliver the oration at the centennial anniversary of the organ- 
ization of the society. 


ia thfti voom. The doctor at length appeared better satisfied, aad I en- 
treated him to propagate the idea and the plan as far and as soon as his dis- 
cretion would justify. The doctor did aooprdingly. diffuse the project so 
judiciously aud effectually that the first legislature under the new consti- 
tution adopted and established it by law. Afterwards, when attending the 
convention for forming the constitntion, I mentioned the subject to several 
of the members, and when I was appointed by the sub-committee to make 
a draught of a project of a constitution to be laid before the con vention« my 
mind and heart was so full of this subject that I inserted the provision for 
the encouragement of literature in chapter fifth, section second. I waa 
somewhat apprehensive that criticism and objections would be made to the 
section, and particularly that the ^* natural history " and the ** good humor '' 
would be stricken out ; but the whole was received very kindly, and passed 
the convention unanimously, without amendment. * 

The two societies are still institatioils of national importance, 
^ not only because of a time-honored record of nsefal work, bat 
on accopnt of important general trnsts under their control. 
Although all their meetings are held in the cities where they 
were founded, their membership is not localized, and t<o be a 
" Member of the American Philosophical Society ^ or a " Pel- 
low of the American Academy," is an honor highly appreciated, 
by every American scientific man. 

The Philosophical Society (founded before the separation of 

■■ II IM ^ I ■ ■ ^. M ■■■ I ■ M— ■■ I. I » ^- - ■■■■■ M - ■■■■ ■ , ■■ ■ . I M^— ■ ^»^— ^^i^»^^—^— ^^^.^»^— ^^^ 

* The provision in the State constitution of which Mr. Adams speaks, was 
the following : 

*' The encouragement of literature, etc. Wisdom and knowledge, as well 
as virtue, diffused generally amoug the body of the people, being necessary 
for the preservation of their rights aiul liberties, and as these depend on 
spreading the opportunities and advautages of education in the various parta 
of the country, and amoug the different orders of the people, it shall be the 
duty of legislators and magistrates in all future periods of the common- 
wealth, to cherish the interests of literature and the sciences, and all semi- 
naries of them, especially the university at Cambridge, public schools, and 
grammar schools in the towns, to encourage private societies and public 
institutions, rewards and immunities for the promotion of agriculture, arts, 
sciences, commerce, trades, manufactures, aud a natural history of the coun- 
try ; to countenance and inculcate the principles of humanity and general 
benevolence, public aud private charity, industry and frugality, honesty 
aud punctuality in their dealings, sincerity, good humor, and all social 
affections and generous sentiments among the people.^' 

" This feature of the coustitntiou of Massachusetts,'' writes Mr. Adams*s 
biographer, 'Ms peculiar, and in one sense original with Mr. Adams. The 
recognition of the obligation of a State t-o promote a higher and more ex- 
tended policy than is embraced in the protection of the temporal interests 
and political rights of the iudividual, however understood among eulight- 
ened minds, had not at that time been formally made a part of the organic 
law. Those clauses since inserted in other State constitutions, which, with 
more or less of fullness, ackuow lodged the same principle, are all mani- 
festly taken from this source." 


the odoQies) copied tbe Boyal Society of Great Britain in its 
corporate name, as well as in that of its transactions, and in 
its ideals and methods of^work took it for a model. 

The American Academy, on the other hand, had its origin 
^^at a time when Britain was regarded as an inv^eterate enemy, 
and France as a generous patron,''* and its founders have 
placed upon record the statement that it was their inteution 
^* to give it the air of France rather than that of England, and 
to follow the Boyal Academy rather than the Boyal Society.! 
And so in Boston, the Academy published '' Memoirs," while 
conservative Philadelphia continued to issue <' Philosophical 

In time, however, the prejudice against the motherland be-, 
came less Inteuse, and the Academy in Boston followed the 
general tendency of American scientific workers, which has 
always been more closely parallel with that of England than 
that of continental Europe, contrasting strongly with the dis- 
position of modern educational administrators to build after 
German models. 

It would have been strange indeed if the deep-seated sym- 
pathy with France which our forefathers cherished had not 
led to still other attempts to establish organizations after the 
model of the French Academy of Sciences. The mosi am- 
bitious of these was in connection with tbe ''Academy of Arts 
and Sciences of the United States of America," whose central 
seat was to have been in Bichmond, Ya., and whose plan was 
brought to America in 1788, by the Ohevalier Quesnay de 
Beaurepaire. This project, we are told, had been submitted to 
the King of France and to the Boyal Academy of Science, and 
had received an unqualified endorsement signed by mauy emi- 
nent meu, among others by Lavoisier and Oondorcet, as well 
as a similar paper from the Boyal Academy of Paintings and 
Sculpture, signed by Yemet and others. A large sum was 
subscribed by the wealthy planters of Yirginia and by the 
citizens of Bichmond, a building was erected, and one professor. 
Dr. Jean Bouelle, was appointed, wlio was also commissioned 
*' mineralogist-in-cbief " and instructed to make natural history 
collections in America and Europe. 

The population of Yirginia, it proved, was far too scattered 
and' rural to give any chance of success for a project which in 

'Letter of MaDaaseb Cailer to Dr. Jonathan Stokes, Aiigast 17, 1785. 
tCatler, 2 e. 


its natnre was only practicable in a commercial and intellectual 
metropolis, and the Academy died almost before it was born. 

*^ Quesnay's scheme was not altogether chimerical," writes 
H. B. Adams, '^ but in the year 1788 France was in no position, 
vfinancial or social, to push her educational system in Virginia. 
The year Quesnay's suggestive little tract was published was 
the year before the French Revolution, in which political mael- 
strom everything in France went down. • • ♦ if circum- 
stances had favored it, the Academy of the United States of 
America, established at Rich mond, would have become the centre 
of higher education, not only for Virginia, but for the whole 
South, and possibly for a large part of the North, if the Acad- 
emy had been extended as proposed, to the cities of Baltimore, 
Philadelphia, and New York. Supported by French capital, 
to which in large measure we owe the success of our Bevcdu- 
tionary War, strengthened by French prestige, by liberal sci- 
entific and artistic associations with Paris, then the intellectual 
capital of the world, the Academy at Richmond might have 
become an educational stronghold, comparable in some degree 
to the Jesuit influence in Canada, which has proved more last- 
ing than French dominion, more impregnable than the fortress 
of Quebec.'' * 

, - ■■ - - — I. ■ .■ .- ■—--■- I- I—— 1,1 ■■■■■ .■^■■., .^. ■■ . ^^M^^— ^^i^»| ■ ■ .1 ■ ■! .1 ■ 

* Copiesof Qaeanay 'a pamphlet are preserved in ^he Virginia State Library 
at Richmond, and in the Andrew D. White Historical Library of ComeU 
University, as well as in a certain private library in Baltimore. A fnll 
account of this enterprise may be found in Herbert B. Adams's ''Thomas 
Jefferson and the University of Virginia," pp. 21-30, and other records 
occur in Mordecai's ''Richmond in By-gone Days" (2d edition, pp. 198- 
208), and in Goode's " Virginia Cousins," p. 57. 

The building erected for the Academy of Sciences was the meeting-place 
of the convention of patriots and statesmen who ratified in 1788 the Con- 
stitution of the United States, and subsequently was the principal theater 
of the city of Richmond. 

"Theacademygrounds," writes R. A. Brock, " included the square bounded 
by Broad and Marshal and Eleventh and Twelfth streeta, on the lower 
portion of which stood the Monumental Churcli and the medical college. 
The academy stood midway in the square fronting Broad Street. ' VAcade- 
mie Des EiaU-Unia De VAmerique^ was an attempt, growing out of the 
French alliance with the Uuiced States, to plant in Richmond a kind of 
French academy of the arts and sciences, with branch academies in Balti- 
more, Philadelphia, and New York. The institution was to be at onoe 
national and international. It was to be affiliated with the royal societies 
of London, Paris, Bruxelles, and other learned bodies in Europe. It was 
to be composed of a president, vice-president, six counsellors, a treasurer- 
general, a secretary, and a recorder, an agent for taking European sub- 


A scientific society was organized at Williams1)urg daring the 
Bevolntion, bat in those trying times it failed for lack of atten- 
tion on the part of its foanders. 

Oar forefathers in colonial times had their national aniversi- 
ties beyond the sea/ and all of the young colonists who were 
able to do so, went toOxford or Cambridge for their classical 
degrees, and to Ediaburgh and London for training in medi- 
cine, for admission to the bar, or for clerical orders. Local col- 
leges seemed as unnecessary as did local scientific societies. 

Many attempts were made to establish local societies before 

soriptionSy French profeMors, masters, artists-in-chief attaobed to the acad- 
emy, twenty-five resident and one hundred and seyenty-five non-resident 
associates, selected from the best talent of the old world and the new. The 
academy proposed to publish yearly, from its own press in Paris,^ an alma- 
nac. The academy was to show its zeal for science by communicating to 
France and other European countries a knowledge of the natural products 
of North America. The museums and cabinets of the old world were to be 
enriched by the specimens of the flora and fauna of a country as yet undis- 
oovered by men of science. The promoter of this brilliant scheme was the 
Chevalier Alexander Maria Quesnay de Beaurepaire, grandson of the 
famous French philosopher and economist, Dr. Quesnay, who was the 
court physician of Louis XV. Chevalier Quesnay had served as a captain 
in Virginiii, in 1777-78, in the war of the revolution. The idea of founding 
the academy was suggested to him in 1778 by John Page, of 'Rosewell,' 
then lientenant-governor of Virginia, and himself devoted to scientific 
investigation. Quesnay succeeded in raising by bubsciiptiou the sum of 
60,000 francs, the subscribers in Virginia embracing nearly one hundred 
prominent names. The corner-stone of the building, which was of wood, 
was laid with Masonic ceremonies July 8, 1786. Having founded and or- 
ganized this academy under the most distinguished auspices, Quesnay 
returned to Paris and succeeded in enlisting in support of his plan mauy 
learned and distinguished men of France and England. The French revo- 
lution, however, put an end to the scheme. The academy building was 
early converted into a theater, which was destroyed by fire, but a new 
theater was erected in the rear of the old. This new building was also 
destroyed by fire on the night of December 26, 1811, when seventy-two 
persons perished in the flames. The Monumental Cliurch commemorates 
the disaster, and its portico covers the tomb and ashes of most of its 
victims. A valuable sketch of Quesnay's enlightened projection, chiefly 
drawn from his curious *Memoire concemant V Academic dea Sciences et Beatix 
Ari9 des EiaU-Uni8,d*Ameriquet Etahlie a Biohmond,* wm published in The 
Academy^ December, 1887, Vol. II, No. 9, pp. 403, 412, by Dr. Herbert B. 
Adams, of Johns Hopkins University. A copy of Quesnay's rare * Memoire* 
is in the Library of the State of Virginia. Quesnay complains bitterly that 
all his letters relating to his service in the American army had been stolen 
from a pigeon-hole in Governor Henry's desk, and his promotion thus pre- 


final resalts were aecomplishAd, and the beginnings of the na- 
tional college system had a similar history. 

In 1619 the Virginia Company of England made a grant of 
ten thousand acres of land for '^ the foundation of a seminary 
of learning for the English in Virginia,^ and in the same year 
the bishops of England; at thesuggestion of the king, raised the 
sum of £1,500 for the encouragement of Indian education in 
connection with the same foundation. A beginning was made 
toward the occupation of the land, and George Thorpe, a man 
of high standing in England, came out to be superintendent of 
the university, but he and three^undred and forty other colo- 
nists (including all the tenants of the university) were de- 
stroyed by the Indians in the massacre of 1622. 

The story of this undertaking is told by Prof. H. B. Adams in 
the ^^ History of the OoUege of William and Mary," in which 
also is given an account of the Academia Virginiensia et Oxon- 
iensisy which was to have been founded on an island on the Sus- 
quehanna Biver, granted in 1624 for the founding and mainte- 
nance of a university, but was suspended on account of the 
death of its projector, and of King- James L, and the fall of the 
Virginia Company. 

Soon after, in 1636, came the foundation of Harvard, then 
in 1660 William and Mary, Yale in 1701, the College of New 
Jersey in 1746, the University of Pennsylvania in 1751, Colum- 
bia in 1754, Brown in 1764, Dartmouth in 1769, the University 
of Maryland in 1784, that of North Carolina in 1789-'95, that of 
Vermont in 1791, and Bowdoin (the college of Maine) in 1794. 

When Washington became President, one hundred years ago, 
there were no scientific foundations within this Republic save 
the American Academy in Boston ; and, in the American Phil- 
osophical Society, Bartram'Sy Botanic Garden, the private ob- 
servatory of Bittenhouse, ana Peale's Natural-History Museum, 

Washington's own inclinations were all &vorable to the pro- 
gress of science ; and Franklin, who would have been Vice- 
President but for his age and weakness, Adams, the Yice-Pres- 
ident, and Jefferson, Secretary of State, were all in thorough 
sympathy with the desire of their chief to ^* promote as objects 
of primary importance institutions for the general diffusion of 
knowledge." All of them were fellows of the American Phil- 
osophical Society, and the President took much interest in its 
proceedings. The records of the society show that he nomi- 


nated for foreign membership the Earl of Baehan, presideat ci 
the Soeiety of Soottish Antiquaries, and Dr. James Anderson. 

Washington's mind was scientific in its tendencies, and his 
letters to the English agriculturists (Young, Sinclair, and 
Anderson), show him to have been a close student of physical 
geography and climatology. He sent out with his own hand, 
while President, a circular letter to the best informed farmers 
in New York, New Jersey, Pennsylvania, Maryland, and Vir- 
ginia, ana having received a consideral>le number of answers, 
prepared a report on the resources of the Middle Atlantic 
States, which was the first of the kind written in America, and 
was a worthy beginning of the great library of agricultural 
science which has since emanated from our Grovemment press. 

In a letter to Arthur Young, dated December 5, 1791, he 
manifested great interest in the Hessian fly, an insect making 
frightful ravages in the wheat fields of the Middle States, and 
so much dreaded in Great Britain that the importation of wheat 
from America was prohibited.* It was very possibly by his 
request that a committee of the Philosophical Society prepared 
and printed an ela^borate and exhaustive report, and since its 
chairman was Washington's Secretary of State, it was practi- 
cally a governmental a£Eur, the precursor of subsequent en* 
tomological commissions, and of our Department of Economic 

The interest of Washington in the founding of a national 
university, as manifested in the provisions of his last will and 
testament, are familiar to all, and I have been interested to 
learn that his thoughts were earnestly fixed upon this great 
project during ail the years of the Bevolutionary war. It is 

* ■ ■ ■ ■ I . !■ - ■ ■ ■ 

* In ftn article recently published by Prof. C. V. Riley, he sustains the 
popular belief and tradition that Cecidomya was introduced about the time 
of the ReTolution, and probably by Hessian troops. He ^ives interesting 
details eonceming the work of the committee of the American Philosophi- 
cal Society, and a review of recent controversies upon this subject.— See Co* 
nadian EnfamologUt, xx., p. 121. 

t Before the Organization of the Department of Agriculture, another step 
in eeonoibic entomology was taken by the General Government in the pub- 
lication of an ofiScial document on silk-worms : 

1828. I HXASB, Jambs. \ 20th Congress, | ISth Session | [Doc. No. 226] Ho. 

of Reps, I Silk- worms. | | Letter | from | James Mease, | transmitting 

a treatise on the rearing of silk- worms, | by Mr. De Hozze, of Munich, | 

with plates, etc., etc. j | February 2, 1828.— Read and referred to the 

Committee on Agriculture. | | Washington; | Printed by Gales aud Sea« 

ton i 16S8. 1 6P« pp. 1-108* 



an inspiring thought that, during the long and doubtfol strng- 
gle for independence, the leader of the American arms was 
looking forward to the return of peace^ in anticipation of an 
opportunity to found in a central part of the rising empire an 
iustitutioo for the completing of the education of youths from 
all parts thereof, where they might at the same time be 
enabled to free themselves in a proper degree from local pr^u- 
dices and jealousies. 

Samuel Blodget in his '< Economica," relate^ the history of 
the beginning of ^ national university. 

^^As the most minute circumstances are sometimes instmct- 


ing for their relation to great events," he wrote, " we relate 
the first we ever heard of a national university : It was in the 
camp at Cambridge, ii^ October, 1775, when Ms^or William 
Blodget went to the quarters of General Washington to com- 
plain of the ruinous state of the colleges from the conduct of 
the militia quartered therein. The writer of this being in com- 
pany with his friend and relation, and hearing General Greene 
join in lamenting the then ruinous state of the eldest seminary 
in Massachu€tetts, observed, merely to console the company of 
friends, that to make amends for these injuries, after our war, 
he hoped we should erect a noble national university, at which 
the youth of all the world might be proud to receive instruc- 
tions. What was thus pleasantly said, Washington imme- 
diately replied to, with that inimitably expressive and truly 
interesting look, for which he was sometimes so remarkable : 
^Tonng man, you are a prophet, inspired to speak what I am 
conMent will one day be realized.' He then detailed to the 
company his impressions, that all North America would one 
day become united. He said that a Ooloif^l Byrd,* of Vir- 
ginia, was the first man who had pointed out the best central 
seat [for the capital city] near to the present spot, or about the 
falls of the Potomac. General Washington further said that 
a Mr. Evans t had expressed the same opinion with many other 

• Probably the third William Byrd [1728-1777], the son of the author of 
** Westover Papers." He was colonel of the Second Virginia regiment in 
1756, and perhaps was in camp with Washington on the present site of the 
capital, when he became so deeply impressed with the eligibility of the 
site for a national city. 

tPerhajM Lewis Evans, the geographer, who in 1749 published a map of 
the central colonies, including Virginia. Professor Winsor tells me that 
there are copies of this map in the possession of Harvard Uniyersity, in the 
library of the Pennsylvania Historical Society, and one in the Faden col- 


geBtiemeii, who, from a carsory view of a chart of North 
America, received this natural and truly correct impression. 
The look of General Washington, the energy of his mind, his 
noble and irresistible eloquence, all conspired so far to impress 
the writer with these subjects, that if ever he should unfor- 
tunately become insane it will be from his anxiety for the fed- 
eral city and national university." * 

In another part of the same book Mr. Blodget describes a 
conversation with Washington, which took place after the site 
of the capital had been decided upon, in which the President 
^* stated his opinion that there were four or live thousand in- 
habitants in the city of Washington, and until Congress were 
comfortably accommodated, it might be premature to com- 
mence a seminary. * * * He did not wish to see the work 
commenced until the city was prepared for it, but he added 
that he hoped he had not omitted to take such measures as 
would at all events secure the entire object in' time, even 
if its merits should not draw forth from every quarter ther 
aid it. would be proud to deserve," alluding, of course, to the 
provisions in his own will. ^^ He then," continues Blodget, 
^* talked again and again .on Mr. Turgot's and Dr. Price's cal- 
culations of the effect of compound interest, at which, as he 
was well versed in figures, he could acquit himself in a mas- 
terly manner." t ♦ 

Concerning the fate of the Potomac Company, a portion of 
whose stock was destined by W^^hington as a nucleus for the 
endowment of a university, it is not necessary now to speak. 
The value of the bequest was at the time placed at £5,000 
sterling, and it was computed by Blodget, that had Con- 
gress kept faith with Washington, as well as ^d the Legis- 
lature of Virginia in regard to the endowment of Washington 
College, his donation at compound interest would in twelve 
years (1815) have grown to $50,000, and in twenty-four (1827) 
years $100,000, an endowment sufficient to establish one of the 
colleges in the proposed university. 

Madison, when a member of the Constitutional Convention in 
1787, probably acting in harmony with the wishes of Washing- 

lection in the Library of CoDgreea. Prof. Josiah D. Whitney says that the 
legend on it, "All great storms begin to leeward/' is, so far as he knows, 
the first expression of that -scientific opinion. 

* " Economioa," p. 22. 

t Jb., App., p. ix. 

S, Mis. 170 6 


ton, proposed as among the powers proper to be added to'tiiose 
of the General Legislatare, the following : 

^^ To establish a npiversity. 

^^ To encoarage, by premiams and provisions, the advance- 
ment of useful knowledge, and the discussion of science."* 

That he never lost his interest in the university idea is shown 
by his vigorous appeal while President, in his message of De- 
cember, 1810, in which he urged the importance of an institu- 
tion at the capital which would ^^ contribute not less to 
strengthen the fonildations than to adorn the structure of our 
system of government." 

Quite in accord with the spirit of Madison's message was a 
letter in the Pennsylvania Gazette of 1788, f in which it was 
argued that the new form of government proposed by the 
framers of the Oonstitution could not succeed in a republic, 
unless the people were prepared for it by an education adapted 
to the new and peculiarsituation of the country, the most essen- 
tial instrument for which should be a federal university. Indeed, 
the tone of this article, to which my attention has recently been 
directed by President Welling, was so harmonious with that of 
the previous and subsequent utterances of Madison as to sug- 
gest the idea that he, at that time a resident of Philadelphia, 
may have been its author. It is more probable, however, that 
the writer was Benjamin Bush, who in 1787 issued an *' Ad- 
dress to the People of the United States," j: which began with 
the remark that there is nothing more common than to con- 
found the terms of American Bevolution with those of the late 
American war. 

^' The American war is over," he said, <' but this is far from 
being the caise with the American Bevolution. On the con- 
txary, nothing but the first act of the great drama is closed. 
It remains yet to establish and perfect our new forms of gov- 
ernment ; and to prepare the principles, morals, and manners 
of our citizens for these forms of government after they are es- 
tablished and brought to perfection."! 

* " Madison Papers," i., pp. 354 and 577. ^ 

J t See Appendix A. 

X See Appendix B. 

$ The " Society of Sons of the American Revelation/' recently organised, 
and composed of descendants of Revolutionary soldiers and patriots, has 
for one of its objects ** to carry oat Washington's injunction 'to promote 
as objects of primary importance institutions for the diffusion of knowl- 
edge,' and thus to create an enlightened public opinion." 


And then he went on to propose a plan for a national nni- 
versitj, of the broadest scope, with post-graduate scholarships, 
a corps of traveling correspondents, or fellows, in connection 
with the consular service, and an educated civil service, organ- 
ized in connection with the university work. 

In ^'Economica," the work just quoted, printed in 1806, the 
first work on political economy written in America, Blodget 
referred to the national university project as an accepted idea, 
held in temporary abeyance by legislative delays. 

Blodget urged upon Congress various projects which he 
thought to be of national importance, and among the first of 
these was '' To erect, or at least to point out, the place for the 
statue of 1783, and either to direct or permit the colleges of 
the university formed by Washington to commence around 
this statue after the manner of the Timoleonton of Syracuse.* 

In intimate connection with his plan for a university was 
that of Washington for a military academy at West Point, 
fle had found during the Bevolution a great want of engineers, 
and this want caused Congress to accept the services of num- 
erous French engineers to aid our country in its struggle for 

At the close of the Revolution Washington lost no time iu 
commending to Virginia the improvement of the Potomac and 
James Bivers, tlie junction by canal of Ohesapeake Bay and 
Albemarle Sound of North Carolina. He soon after proceeded 
to New York to see the plans of General Schuyler to unite the 
Mohawk with the waters of Lake Ontario, and to Massachu- 
setts to see the plans of the Merrimac Navigation Company. 

It was the want of educated engineers for work of this kind 
that induced Generals Washington, Lee, and Huntington, and 
Colonel Pickering, iu the j'ear 1783, to select West Point as a 
suitable site for a military academy, and at that place such an 
institution was essayed, under the law of Congress, iu 1794. 

* 1806 Blodget, Samuel, Jr. Eoonomica : | A. Statistical Maonal | for the | 

United States of America. | = | The leKislature ought to make 

the people happy I Aristotle on government I = I ''Felix qui 

potuit rernm cognoscere causae" | = | City of Washington : | Printed for 
the anthor. | = | 1806, liiS i-viii, 1-202 i-xiy. 

The certificate of copyright is in this form : 

''Be it remembered that Samuel Blodget Jr. hath deposited in this 

office the title of a book the right whereof he claims as anthor, but for the 
benefit in trust for the free education fund of the university founded by 
Qeorge Washington in his last will,'' etc.. 


Bat from the destruction of the building, and its contained 
books and apparatus by fire, the academy was suspended until 
the year 1801, when Mr. Jefferson renewed the action of the 
law, and in the following year, 1802, a United States Oorps of 
Engineers and Military Academy was organized by law and 
established at West Point, with General Jonathan Williams, 
the nephew of Franklin, and one of the vice-presidents of the 
Philosophical Society, at its head, and the United States Mili- 
tary Philosophical Society was established with the whole En- 
gineer i.orps of the Army for a nucleus. 

This society had for its object '^ the collecting and dissemi- 
nating 6f military science." Its membership during the ten 
years of its existence included most of the leading men in the 
country, ciTiliaus as well as ofGicers in the Army and Navy. 
Meetings were held in New York and Washington, as well as 
in West Point, and it seems to have been the first national 
scientific society.* 

The Patent Office also began under Washington, the first 
American patent system having been founded by act of Con- 
gress, April 10, 1790. 

On the 8th of January, 1790, President Washington entered 
the Senate chamber, where both Houses of Oongress were 
assembled, and addressed them upon the state of the new 
nation. In the speech of a few minutes, which thus constituted 
the first annual message to Congress, about a third of the space 
was given to the promotion of intellectual objects — science, 
literature, and arts. The following expression may perhaps 
be regarded as the practical origination of our patent system : 

I can not forbear intimating to you the expediency of giving effectaal 
encouragement, as well to the introduction of new and useful inventions 
from abroad, as to the exertions of skill and genius in producing them at 

This, of course was in direct pursuance of the constitutional 
enactment, bethought and inserted toward the closing days of 

*At least three fascicles of '^Extracts from the Minutes of the United 
States Military Society " were printed — one for the stated meeting, Oct. 6, 
1806 [4^, 14 pp.] ; one for an occasional meeting at Washington, Jan. 30, 
1808 [4^, pp. 1-23 (1)] ; and one for an occasional meeting at New York, 
Dec. 28, 1809 [4^, pp. 1-22]. The MS. Records, in four volumes, are said 
to be 1^ the possession of the New York Historical Society. 

I am indebted to Col. John M. Wilson, U. S. Army, Superintendent of 
the Military Academy, and to General J. C. Kelton, U. S. Army, forconrteoii« 
und valuable replies to my letters of inquiry. 


th« convention in September, 1787, empowering Oongress with 
such authority. Each House, the Senaf^ on the 11th and the 
Representatives on the 12th, sent a cordial response to the 
President's address, reciting the particulars of his discourse, 
and promising, especially to his suggestions for encouragement 
of science and arts, " such early attention as their respective 
importance requires ; " and the lower House proceeded rapidly 
with the work. January 15 it was resolved that the various 
measures indicated by the President should be referred to 
select committees respectively ; and on the 25th such a com- 
mitee was formed to consider the encouragement of the ^' use- 
ful arts." It consisted of Edamus Burke, of South Oarolina, 
a justice of the supreme court of that State, and native of 
Ireland; Benjamin Huntington, of Gonnecticut ; and Lambert 
Cadwalader, of New Jersey. On the 16th of February, Mr. 
Burke reported his bill, which passed to its second reading the 
following day. It was copiously discussed and amended in 
Committee of the Whole, particularly March 4th, when " the 
clause which gives a party a right to appeal to a jury from 
a decision of referees, it was moved should be struck out." 
After a good deal of pointed and profitable remark as to the 
true sphere and function of juries, the motion for striking out 
was carried. ^ 

The next day, March 5th, the bill was ordered to be en- 
grossed^ and on the lOtb, after third reading, it passed, and* 
was carried to the Senate. * Here, in a few days, it was referred 
to a committee of which Oharles Garroll, of Maryland, was 
chairman, and reported back the 29th of March, where it 
passed, with twelve amendments, on the 30th. On the 8th of 
April it went forward with the signatures of Speaker and Vice- 
President to the President, who approved it April 10, 1790.» 
The first patent was granted on the 31st of the following July 
to Samuel Hopkins, of Vermont, for making '' pot and pearl 
ashes; " and two more during that year.t 

Thomas Jefferson, Secretary of State at this period, under 
which Department especially the patent system grew up for 
more than half its first century, took so keen an interest in its 
aim and workings, and gave such searching personal attention 
to the issue of the several patents, that he has been quite nat- 

* '< Statutes at Large/' vol. i., pp. 109-112. 

t Among the treasares of tbe National Maseam is a patent dated 1796, 
signed by Washington ati President and Pickering as Secretary of State. 


mrally reputed as tbe father of oar Patent Office, and it seeips 
to have been supposed that the bill itself ereatipg it proceeded 
from his own suggestion. But by a comparison of dates this 
appears hardly possible. . Jefferson returned from Europe to 
Norfolk and Monticello toward the end of 1789, his mind deeply 
occupied with the stirring movements of revolution abroad. 
During the winter months he was debating whether ho should 
accept the charge of the State Department offered him by 
Washington ; making his way by slow stages from Virginia to 
New York ; receiving innumerable ovations ; paying his last 
visit to the dying Franklin, and he only reached the seat of 
Government March 21, when the legislative work on' this act 
was practically finished. More than to any other individual 
probably the American patent system looks for its origin to 
the Father of the Country.* 

Jefferson took great pride in it, and gave personal considera- 
tion to every application that was made for patents during the 
years between 1790 and 1793, while the power of revision and 
rejection granted by that act remained in force. It is a matter 
of tradition, handed down to us from generation to generation, 
that, when an application for a patent was made, he would 
summon Mr. Henry Knox, of Massachusetts, who was Secre- 
tary of War, and Mr. Edmund Bandolph, of Virginia, who 
was Attornoy-Oeneral, these officials being designated by the 
act, with the Secretary of State, a tribunal to examine and 
grant patents; and that these thrpe distinguished officials 
would examine the application critically, scrutii^iziog each 
point of the specification and claims carefully and vigorously* 
The result of this examination was that, during the first year, 
a majority of the applications Mled to pass the ordeal, and 
only three patents were granted. Every step in the issuing of 
a patent was taken with great care and caution, Mr. Jefferson 
thinking always to impress upon the minds of his officers and 
the public that it was a matter of no ordinary importance. 

The subsequent history of the office is very interesting, 
especially since it contains a record of Mr. Jefferson's vigorous 
opposition to the change effected by the act of 1793, which he 
held, by a promiscuous granting of exclusive privileges, would 
lead to the creation of monopoly in the arts and industries, and 

*Tlie foregoing paragraplm concerning the history of the Patent Office 
were kindly supplied by Mr. Lid ward Farqahar, for many years its assistant 



was against tbe theory of a popular goTenunent, and woald be 
pemioioas in its effects. 

In 1812 a building was pat ap for the accommodation of the 
office, but this was destroyed in 1836, and with it most of the 
i^ecords which would be necessary for a proper understanding 
of the early history of American invention. 

In the Patent Office building, and with it destroyed, there 
was gathered a collection of models, which'was sometimes by 
courtesy called the ^^ American Museum of Art," and which 
forded a precedent for the larger collection of models and 
natural products, which remained under the custody of the 
Commissioner of Patents until 1858, when it was transferred 
to the Smithsonian Institution, and became a part of the pres- 
ent National Museum. 

In 1836 the patent system was reorganized, and most of the 
methods at present in use were put in operation. As it now 
stands, it is one of the most perfect and effective in the world, 
and the Patent Office, judged by the character of the work it 
performs, "al though, perhaps, not strictly to be classed among 
the scientific institutions, is, nevertheless, entitled to such a 
phice by reason of its large- and admirable corps of trained 
scientifie experts serving on the staff of examijiers.* 

The administration of John Adams, beginning in 1797, was 
short and turbulent. Political strife prevented him from 
making any impression upon our scientific history ; but it re- 
quires no research to discern the attitude of the man who 
founded the American Academy, and who drew up the articles 
for the encouragement of literature and science in the Consti- 
tution of Massachusetts. 

Jefferson, as Vice-President, taking little part in the affairs 
of the Administration, was at liberty to cultivate the sciences. 
When he came to Philadelphia to be inaugurated Yice-Presi'^ 
dent, he brought with him a collection of the fossilized bones 
of some large quadruped, and the manuscript of a memoir 
upon them, which he read before the American Philosophical 
Society, of which he had been elected president the preceding 

* See Official Gazette, U. S. Patent Office, vol. xii., No. 15, Tuesday, Oct. 
9, 1877 ; also articles in Appleton's and Johnson's Cyclopoedias. 

The history of tbe Patent Office has never been writteu ; a full acconnt of 
its work, and of its inflnence upon the progress of American invention is 
greatly to be desired. 


'^The spectacle of an Am^ricaD statesman, comiDg to take 
part as a central figure in the greatest political ceremony of 
oar conntry, and bringing witb him an original contribntion 
to Bcience, is certainly," as Lather has said,.^^ one we shall not 
soon see repeated." * 

In 1801 began the administration most memorable in the 
history of American science. The President of the iTnited 
States was, during the eight years of his office, president of 
the American Philosophical Society as well, and was k; toach 
with all the intellectual activities of the i>eriod. He wrote to 
a correspondent : " Nature intended me for the tranquil pur- 
suits of science by rendering them my supreme delight," and 
to another he said : ^^ Your first letter gives me information in 
the line of natural history, and the second promises political 
news ; the first is my passion, the last is my duty, and there- 
fore both desirable." 

** At times of the fiercest party conflict," says Luther, <^ when 
less happily constituted minds would scarcely have /beetbable 
to attend to the routine duties of life, we find him yielding to 
that subtle native force which all through life was constantly 
drawing him away from politics to science." 

Thus during these exciting weeks in February, 1801, when 
Congress was vainly trying to untangle the difficulties arising 
from the tie vote between Jefferson and Burr, when every poli- 
tician at the capital was busy with schemes and counter- 
schemes, this man, whose political fate was balanced on a 
ra2X>r's edge, was corresponding with Dr. Wistar in regard to 
some bones of the mammoth which he had just procured from 
Shawangunk in New York. Again, in 1808, when the excite- 
ment over the ^' Embargo" was highest, and when every day 
brought. fresh denunciations of him and his policy, he was 
carrying on his geological studies in the White House itself. 
Under his direction upward of three hundred specimens of 
fossil bones had been brought from the famous Big Bone Lick 
and spread in one of the large unfinished rooms of the Presi- 
dential mansion. Dr. Wistar was asked to come to Philadel- 
phia and select such as were needed to complete the collection 

* See Jefferson, '* A Memoir on the Discovery of Certain Bones of a Quad- 
ruped, of the Clawed Kind, in the Western Part of Virginia," in the Ameri- 
can Philosophical Transactions, IV., p. 246, (March 10, 1797); also F. B. 
Luther, *^ Jefferson as a Naturalist,'' in the Magazine of American History, 
March, 1885, pp. 379-390. 


of the Philosophical Society* Th'o exploration of the lick was 
made at the private expense • of Jeffereon throngh the agency 
of General William Olarke, the Western explorer, and this may 
fairly be regarded as the beginning of American goYernn«ital 
work in paleontology. 

His scientific tendencies led to mnch criticism, of which the 
well-known lines by William GuUen Bryant, in *^The Embargo," 
afford a very mil!d example.*^ He cast all calumny aside with 
the remark *<that he who had nothing to conceal from the 
press hafl nothing to fear from it," and calmly went on his way. 
The senior members of his Cabinet were James Madison, a 
man of the most enlightened sympathy with science, and 
Gallatin, one of the earliest American philologists ; white one 
*of his strongest supporters in Congress was Samuel Latham 
Mitchill, a mighty promoter of scientific interests in his native 
State, whom Adams wittily describes as << chemist, botanist, 
naturalist, physici^n, and politician, who supported the Repub- 
lican party because Jefferson was its leader, and Jefferson be- 
cause he was. a philosopher." 

During this administration the project for a great national 
institution of learning was revived by Joel Barlow, tn 1800, 
when Barlow was the American Minister in Paris, he said in a 
letter to Senator Baldwin : 

.1 have been. writing a long letter to Jefferson on qnite another snbjeot. 
It is aboat learned societies, nniversities, public instmction, and the ad* 
▼antages yon and I have of doing something great and good if you will 
take it up on proper principles* If you will put me at the head of the in* 
Btitution, as I propose, and give it that support which yon ought to do» 
you can't imagine what a garden it would make of the United States. I 
have a great project, and only want the time and means to carry it into 
effect, t ^ 

M. Dnpont de Nemours was also corresponding with Jeffer- 
son upon the same subject, and his work, '^ Sur I'Education 
Nationale dans les Etats Unis," published in Paris in 1800, was 
written at his request.! 

*"Oo, wretch, resign the Presidential chair; 
Disclose thy secret measures, foul or fair. 
Go, search with curious eyes for horned frogs 
'Mid the wild wastes of Louisianian bogs, 
Or where the Ohio rolls his turbid stream 
Dig for huge bones, thy glory and thy theme." 

tTodd : " Life and Letters of Joel Barlow^" p. 208. 

I Adams: "Jefferson and the Uniyersity of Virginia," p. 49, «l $eq. 


Barlow retnuied to the American States in 1805, and almoat 
his first public act after his arrival, we are told, was to issae a 
prospectus in which he forcibly and eloquently depicted the 
neoeesfty and advantages of a national scientific institution. 

This was to consist of a central nniversity at or near the seat 
of government, and, as far as might seem practicable or ad- 
visable, other universities, colleges, and schools of education, 
either in Washington or in other parts of the ITnitM States, 
together with printing presses for the use of the institution, 
laboratories, libraries, and apparatus for the sciences and 
the arts, and gardens for botany and agricultural experi- 

The institution was to encourage science by all means in its 
power, by correspondence, by premiums and by scholarships, 
and to publish school-books at cost of printing. 

The Military and Naval Academies, the Mint, and the Pat- 
ent Office were to be connected with the university, and there 
was also to be a general depository of the results of scientific 
research and of the discoveries by voyages and travels, actu- 
ally the equivalent of a national museum. 

** In short," wrote Barlow, . ^* no rudiment of knowledge 
should be below its attention, no height of improvement 
above its ambition, no corner of an empire beyond its vigilant 
activity for collecting and diffusing information."* 

The editor of the National Intelligencer, the organ of the ad- 
ministration in 1806, commented favorably upon the plan of 

This f^entleman [wrote he] whose mind has been enlarged by extensive 
obeeryation, by oontemplating man under almost every variety of aspect in 
which he appears, and whose sentiments have been characterized by an uni- 
formly zealous devotion to liberty, has most justly embraced the opinion 
that the duration as well as perfection of republicanism in this country 
will depend upon the prevalence of correct information, itself dependent 
upon the education of the great body of the people. Having raised himself, 
as we understand, to a state of pecuniary independence, he has returned 

■-■ , ■ - — - ..Ml ■ I ■ , — ■! ■ . ■ ■ ■ ■» ■■■■■■ ■! ■ ■■ I !■ » » ^^»^» ■ I I ^1^— ^^»^^^— ^ 

* See text of prospectus in Appendix C to this paper, or in National 
Intelligencer, Washington, 1806, August 1 and November 24. The origi- 
nal publication, of which there is a copy in the CongreHsional Library, 
receutly bronght to my notice by Mr. Spofford, is a pamphlet, anony- 
mously published, with the date of Washington, 24th January, 1806. 

Prospectus | of a | National Institution, | to be | established | in the | 

United States | = | Washington City : | Printed by Samuel H. Smith | 

1 1806— 8«, pp. 1-44. 


to hifl native oouBtry, with a determination of devoting hia whole attez^* 
tion and labon to those objects which are best calculated to improve its 
state of society, its science, literature, and education. The disinterested 
exertions of such a man merit the national attention.* 

Barlow's proBpectos, we are told, was circulated throaghoat 
the country, an4 met with so favorable a response that in 1806 
be drew up a bill for the incorporation of the institution, which 
Mr. Logan, of Philadelphia, introduced in the Senate, which 
passed to a second reading, was referred to a committee, which 
never reported, and so was lost 

Barlow's National Institution resembled more closely the 
House of Salomon in ^^ The Kew Atlantis " of Bacon than it 
did the eminently practical university project of Washington. 
It would be interesting to know to what extent President Jef- 
ferson was in sympathy with Barlow. The mind which a few 
years later directed Uie organization of the University of Vir- 
ginia could scarcely, have approved all the features of the 
Kalorama plan. He was undoubtedly at this time anxious 
that a national university should be founded, as. is shown by 
his messages to Congress in 1806 and 1808,t though it is proba- 
ble that he wished it to be erected in some convenient part of 
Virginia, ]:athei: than in the city of Washington. The project 
for transplanting to America the faculty of the college of 
Geneva, which, but for the opposition of Washington, would 
probably have been attempted in 1794, had reference rather to 
the formation of a State universi^, national in influence, than 
to a central Federal institution.! 

Although Barlow's plan was, in its details, much too elabo- 
rate for the times, the fundamental ideas were exceedingly at- 
tractive, and led to very important and far-reaching results. 

Barlow expected, of course, that bis institution should be 
established and maintained at Qovernment cost. This was 
soon found to be impracticable, and those who were interested 
iJX the intellectaal advancement of the capital soon had re- 
course to the idea of beginning the work at private expense, 
relying upon Gtovernment aid for its future advancement. 

Barlow's classmate, Josiah Meigs, his friend and neighbor 
Thomas Law, aided by Edward Gutbush, Judge Granch, and 

« National Intelligencer, Nov. 24, 1806. 

t Henry Adams, '< History of tlie United States,'' 180&-1809, i., 346, 347 ; 
ii., 365. 
I Adams, op. ciL, pp. 4&-6. 


Other oitissens of Washington proceeded, forthwith, to attempt 
that which the politicians dared not. 
The essential featares of Barlow's plan were: 

(1) The advancement of knowledge by associations of scien* 
title men ; and 

(2) The dissemination of its rndin^ents by the instruction of 

To meet the first of these requirements they organized the 
Columbian Institute for the promotion of Arts and Sciences, 
in 1819 ; and for the second, the Columbian College, incorpo- 
rated in 1821. Most of the prominent members of the Colupi- 
bian Institute were also among the friends and supporters of 
the college. Dr. Josiah Meigs, the friend and classmate of 
Barlow, the president of the institute from 1819 to 1821, was an 
incorporator, and a member of the first faculty of the college.! 

Dr. Edward Cutbush, the founder of the Columbian Institute, 
was also a professor, as well as Dr. Thomas Sewall, Dr. Alexan- 
der Mc Williams, and Judge Willia'm Cranch, and in publica- 
tions made at the time these men distinctly proposed to realize 
the aspirations of Washington, for the creation of a great Na- 
tional University at the seat of the Federal Government. It 
was in this cause President Monroe gave to the Columbian 
College his public support as President of the United States. 
At a later day, when an hour of need overtook the college, 
John Quincy Adams became one of its saving benefactors.| 

• *• The Old Bachelor," by William Wirt, p. 186. 

1 1 am indebted to Dr. James C. Welliug,' President of the Colambian Uni- 
versity, for mach important information concerning this and other matters 
discussed in the present paper. 

t James C. Welling : " The Columbian University," Washington, 1889, 
p. I. The following letter written by President >Ionroe in 1821, indicates 
that the public men of the day were not unwilling that the institution should 
be regarded as one of national scope : 

Washington, Maroh 28, 1821. 

Sir : I avail myself of this mode of assuring you of my earnest desire thkt 
the college which was incorporated by au Act of Congtoss at the last ses- 
sion, by the tifcle of " The Columbian College in the District of Columbia " 
may accomplish all the useful purposes for which it was established ; and 
I add, with great satisfaction, that there is good reason to believe that the 
hopes of those who have so patriotically contributed to advance it t& ita 
pre^nt stage will not be disappointed. 

Its commencement will be under circumstances very favorable to its sac- 
cess. The act of incorporation is well digested, looks to the proper objects, 
and grants the powers well adapted tu their attainment. The establish- 


Thfi donation of $25,000 made to the Columbian College in 1832 waa pre- 
ceded by a report from the Committee in House of Representatiyes on Dis-' 
triot of Columbia. 

That report may be found in ** Reports of Committees, first neseion 
Twenty-second Congress (1831-'32,)^' vol. in., Report No. :i34. 

After reciting the early history of the college the report proceeds as fol- 
lows : 

*' Few institutions present as strong claims to the patronage of Gk>Tern- 
ment as that in behalf of which the ibrementioned memorial has been pre- 
isented. (The Report is made in answer to a memorial of the president and 
tmstees of the college, asking Congress to make a donation to the college 
* from the sale of public lots or'from such other source as Congress may 
think proper to direct.') Its location near the seat of Government, i ts sal u • 
brious middle climate, and other advantages, and the commendable efforts 
of the present trustees and professors to sustain it. Justly entitle it to public 

The GolambiaD Institute was granted the aseof rooms in the 
Gapitol building under the present Congressional Library Hall, 
which becai^e a center of the scientific and literary interests of 
Washington, and its annual meetings were held in the hall of 
the House of Bepresentatives, where Southard, Clay, Everett, 
Meigs, and Adams, delivered addresses upon matters of science 
and political economy to large assemblages of public men. In 
1819, Josiah Meigs, its president, writing to Dr. Daniel Drake, 
of Gincinnati, said : 

I have little doubt that this Congress will, before they rise, give the in- 
stitute a few acres of ground for our building and for a Botanic Garden. 
Mr. Barlow made great efforts to obtain this object eight or ten years ago. 
He could do nothing — but prejudices which then were of the density of a 
thunder-cloud are now as tenuous as the tail of a comet. * 

''The supreme legislative power of the United States over persons and 
property within the District of Columbia is unquestioned. Congress has 

■■ I I ■ - - 1 - j M II 

ment of the institution within the Federal District in the presence of Con- 
gress, and of all the departments of the Government will secure to the 
young men who may be educated in it many important advantages, among 
which the opportunity which it will afford them of hearing the debates in 
Congress and in the Supreme Court, on important subjects, must be obvious 
to all. 

With these peculiar advantages, this institution, if it receives hereafter 
the proper enbouragement, can not fail to be eminently useful to the nation. 
Under this impression, I trust that such encouragement will not be with- 
held from it. 


I am, sir, wit|i great respect, your very obedient servant, 

James Monrob. 
* "Life of Josiah Meigs,'' p. 102. 


repeatedly made grants of portions of the public lands to seminaries of 
learning sitnided within the limits of States and Territories where saoh 
lauds lie. The Constitution having thns confided to the care of the No- 
tional Legislature the rights and interests of the District of Columbia, and 
Congress having made liberal donations out of the national domain to pro- 
mote the great cause of education, in all the other districts within which 
the Greneral Government has exclusive Jurisdiction, it would seem to be 
cruel injustice to refuse the small boon now recommended. These consid- 
erations induce the hope thaC the proposed donation will be exempt from 
all opposition not founded in doubts of the Just claim to patronage of the 
institution for the benefit of which it is designed. And these claims, it is 
fully believed, will stand the test of the severest scrutiny." 

The report from which the above extracts are taken was made February 
27, 1832. (to accompany House Bill, No. 422), by Mr. Thomas, of Maryland, 
(on behalf of the committee on the District of Columbia), in answer to 
memorial of the trustees and the president of the Columbian College. 

On the ground granted by Gongress, a botanical garden was 
established by the society, in 1822,' or 1823, with the co-opera- 
tion of the State Department and the consular service. In 
1829 the society applied to Congress for pecuniary aid, which 
was not granted.* 

The Golnmbian University was. also an applicant for govern- 
ment aid, which it received to the amount of $25,000 in 1832, 
on the ground that it was an institution of national importance, 
organized by private individuals to do work legitimately within 
the domain of governmental responsibilities.t 

* The original members of the Columbian Institute were : Hon. John 
Qoincy Adams ; Col. George Bomford, U. S. A. ; Dr. John A. Brereton, 
U. S. A. ; Dr. Edward Cutbush, U. S. N. ; Asbury Dickins, esq. ; Joseph 
Gales, Jr., esq. ; Dr. Henry Hnntt ; Thomas Law, esq. ; Edmund Law, ' 
esq. ; Dr. George W. May: Alexander Mc Williams, esq. ; William Winston 
Beaton, esq. ; Samuel H. Smith, esq. ; William Thornton, esq. ; Hon. Roger 
C. Weight man. 

Among the later members were Dr. Joseph Lovell, U. 8. A. ; Col. Isaac 
Roberdeau; Dr. Thomas Sewell ; Judge William Crauch ; Hon. Henry Clay ; 
Hon. lohn McLean; Hon. Richard Rush; Hon. S.L. Southard; Hon. Will- 
iam Wirt ; Dr. W. S. W. Ruschenberger, U. S. N. ; Hon. J. M. Berrien ; Hon. 
J. C. Calhoun ; Rev. Obadiah Brown ; and Rev. William Staughton. 

The minutes of the Columbian Institute are not to be found. The treas- 
urer's book is in the National Museum. 

tThis appropriation was made on the strength of a report by Senator 
Barbour, of Virginia, chairman of the Committee on the District of Colum- 
bia, in which, after alluding to the long recognized '* utility of a central 
literary establishment^' and to the failures of the recommendations of 
Washington and Madison, he gave a brief history of the enterprise, which 
was as follows : 

*' At length a few eaterprising and patriotic individqals attempte4 \iQ 


TheGcdambian College received nearly one- third of its origi- 
nal endowment from the Government of the United States. 
Of the remainder perhaps one-half was contributed by men 
like President Adams, whose sole interest in it was a patriptic 

Daring Jackson's presidency all ideas of centralization, even 
in scientific matters, Appear to have fallen into disfavor, and 
the Colnmbian Institnte and the Colnmbian College were forced 
to abandon their hopes for governmental aid. The institnte 
langnished and dropped ont of existence, while the college, 
under the fostering care of a chnrch organization (which finally 
dropped it in 1846), and through the beneficence of individuals, 
one of whom, a citizen of Washington, gave it property to the 
value of $200,000, has grown to be a university in name and 
scope, and is included among the thirteen ^^ foundations com- 
prising groups of related faculties, colleges, or schools,*' enu- 

achieve by voluntary donations that which it had been sappoaed conld be 
effected only by the power of Congress. 

" Their efforts were crowned with distinguished success. One individual 
in particular, the Rev. Luther Rice, with an unwearied industry and an 
unyielding perseverance which prompted him to traverse every part of the 
Union in pursuit of aid to this beneficent object, contributed principaUy to 
that success. 

''The funds thus acquired were faithfhlly and Judiciously applied to this 
object • * • Application was made to Congress for an act of incorpo- 
ration, which passed February 9, 1821. This, however, was all the aid 
which Congress dispensed. 

"The accompanying document shows that there have been expended in 
this institution $80,000, of which only (50,000 have been procured ; and as 
a consequence the institution is embarrassed by a debt to the amount of 
$30,000. * • * Under the circumstances the individuals who have thus 
generously devoted themselves to the promotion of this establishment, and 
who have disinterestedly pledged their independence upon the success of 
the college, present themselves to Congress with a view to obtain their 
protection by a pecuniary grant. * * * 

"The committee in reviewing the peculiar circumstances which charact- 
erize the origin of this establishment, its progress, and the great benefits 
it promises to society, are of the opinion that the application is reasonable. 
It can not be doubted that had such an establishment grown up, under 
similar circumstances in either of the States it would receive the helping 
hand of its legislature. Congress stands in the same relation to this estab- 
lishment, from its exclusive power of legislation within the District, etc." 

Report of Mr. Barbour from the Committee on the District of Columbia 
to whom was referred the memorial of the trustees of the Columbian Col- 
lege.— April 19, 1824.— Senate.— Eighteenth Congress, first session (67). 
80-83 pp. 


merated in 'the report of the Oommissioner of Edacatiou for 

Although it has not since 1832 made any claims for govern- 
ment aid, nor assumed to be in any way a ward of the nation, 
its early history is significant, on, account of its connection 
with the project for a National University, which has been for 
more than a century before the people. The Government has 
since established in Washington City the National Deaf Mate 
Gollege, which it still maintains, and the Howard University, 
intended primarily for the freedman, but open to all. 

The founders of the Columbian Institute and the Columbian 
University were building better than they knew, for they were 
not only advancing knowledge in their own day and genera- 
tion, but they were educating public opinion for a great oppor- 
tunity, which soon came in the form of a gift to the nation 
from beyond the sea, in the form of the Smithson bequest. 

The story of the Smithsonian Institution is a remarkable 
one. Smithson was a graduate of the University of Oxford, 
a Fellow of the Boyal Society, a chemist and mineralogist of 
well recognized position. The friend and associate of many of 
the leading scientific men of England, he found it advisable, 
for reasons connected with his family history, to pass most of 
his life upon the Continent. A man of ample fortune, he asso- 
ciated with men of similar tastes, and died in 1820, leaving in 
trust to the United States property now amounting in value to 
nearly three quarters of a million of dollars, to establish at the 
national capital ^< an institution for the increase and diffusion 
of knowledge among men." No one has been able to explain 
why he did this. He had, so far as we know, no friend or cor- ^ 
respondent in the United States, and had made known to no 
one his intention of establishing an institution of learning in 
the New World.* 

It is more than probable, however, that he knew Barlow 
when American Minister in Paris, and that the Prospectus of 
the National Institution, or the trentise by Dupont de Nemours, 

* The only snggestion which has ever been offered is that by Mr. W. J. 
Bhees, ia his history of " James Smithsoa and his Bequest," in which he 
calls attention to the fact that in the library of Smithson was a copy of 
*' Travels through North America/' published in 1807, by Isaac Weld, Sec- 
retary of the Boyal Society, in which he describes the city of Washington, 
and refers to it prophetically as likely some time to become the intellectual 
and political center of one of the greatest nations of the world. 


may have attxacted his attention. He was aware of the faiI^re 
of the attempts to obtain national support at the- start for 
scientific uses, and conceived the idea of founding, with his 
own means, an organization which should, he foresaw, grow 
into national importance. Any one who will take the pains to 
compare the criticisms and objections to Barlow's project, as 
set forth in Wjrt's essay in • " The yid Bachelor,"* with those 
which were urged in Congress and the public press in opposi- 
tion to the acceptance^ of the Smithson bequest thirty years 
later, can not fail to be greatly impressed by the similarity of 
tone and argument. 

The Smithsonian Institution, with its dependencies and 
affiliations, corresponds perhaps more closely at the present 
time to Barlow's ^' National Institution ^ than an>* organiza- 
tion existing elsewhere in the^ world. The names of its three 
secretaries — Henry, the physicist (in office from 1846 to 1878); 
Baird, the naturalist (assistant secretary from 1850 to 1878, 
secretary, 1878-^'87) ; and Langley, the astronomer, suggest in a 
few words the main features of its history. 

Becurriug to Jefferson's Presidency, it should be noted that 
its most itpportant scientific features were the inception of the 
system of scientific surveys of the public domain, and the or- 
ganization of the Coast Survey. The first was most peculiarly 
Jefferson's own, and was the outcome of more than twenty 
years of earnest endeavor. 

The apathy of the British government in colonial times in 
the matter of explorations of the American continent is inex- 
plicable. Halley, the philosopher and mathematician, was in 
charge of a fruitless expedition in 1699 ; and ISllis, in 1746, 
explored Hudson's Bay under government auspices, searching 
for a northwest passage. 

The first inland exploring expedition under government aus- 
pices seems to have been that of Oovernor Spotswood, of Vir- 
ginia, who in 1724, accompanied by a party of young colonists, 
made an excursion to the summit of the Blue fiidge for the 
purpose of ascertaining what lay beyond. 

Nothing else was done in colonial days, although it would 
appear that Jefferson, and doubtless others as well as he, had 
in mind the importance of exploring the great northwest. In 

* The Old Bachelor, Baltimore : F. Lucas, Jan. smaU 89^ pp. 1-235 page 


H. Mis. 170 6 


the recently pablished life of Matthew Fontaine Manry, the 
story is told of his grandfather^ the Bev. James Maary^ an 
Episcopal clergyman and instructor of youth, in Walker 
Parish, Albemarle coanty, Va., who nambered among his 
pupils three boys who afterward became Presidents of the 
United States, and five signers of the Declaration of Inde- 
pendence. He was a quiet thinker — a serene old man who 
gave the week to contemplative thought and to his school, 
and Sunday to the service of the sanctuary. In 1766 he was 
already dazzled by the rising glory of the new country. He 
was intensely interested in the great Northwest. The Mis- 
souri was a myth at that time. Oox had ascended the Missis- 
sippi to the falls of St. Anthony, and leported the existence 
of such a stream, but all beyond was shrouded in mystery. 

'' Bat see,'' said the aged clergyipan, pointing with trambltug finger and 
eager eye tu the map of the North Amerioan ountinent — '* see, there mast be 
a large river in that direction ; mountains are there, and beyond them there 
mnst be a stream to correspond with the vast river on this ^ide of the 
chain" ; and by a process of rea9oning based on physical geography, he 
pointed out to his pupils (Thomas Jefferson among them), the existence of 
the line of the river as accurately as Le Verrier did the pllMie of Nejitane 
in the firmament, and predicted that a great highway to the West would 
some day be opened in this direction.* 

It would appear that Jefferson never forgot the suggestion 
of his venerable teacher. While Minister of the United States 
in Palis in 1785, he became acquainted with John Ledyard, of 
Gonnecticut, a man of genius, of some science, and of fearless 
courage and enterprise, who had accompanied Captain Cook 
on his voyage to the Pacific. '' I suggested to him," writes 
Jefferson, '< the enterprise of exploring the western part of our 
continent by passing through St. Petersburg to Kamtchatka, 
and procuring a passage thence in some of the Russian vessels 
to Nootka Sound, whence he might make his way across 
the continent to the United States. He proceeded to within 
200 miles of Kamchatka, and was tliere • obliged to take 
up his winter quarters, and when preparing in the spring 
to resume his journey, he was arrested by an officer of the 
Empress of liussia, and carried back in a close carriage to 
Poland. '< Thus," says Jefferson, <* failed the first attempt to 
explore the western part of our northern continent." 

* " Life of Matthew Fontaine Maury," hy Mrs. D. F. M. Corbin, Loo- 
don, 1S88, p. 6. 



In a letter to Bishop Madison, dated Paris, Jaly 19, 1788, 
Jeffersoti tells the story of Ledyard's fail are, and of his de- 
parture ojd an expedition up the Nile. ^^ He promises me,'' 
continaes' Jefferson, ^' if he escapes throagh his journey, he 
will go to Kentucky and endeavor to penetrate westerly to the 
South Sea.'' Ledyard died in Africa. 

The proposed expedition of Ledyard, though undertaken at 
the instaface of the American Minister in Paris, can scarcely be 
regarded as a governmental effort. It is of interest, however, 
as leading up to the second attempt, which also was inspired 
and placed on foot by Jefferson. 

"In 1792," writes Jefferson, "I proposed to the American 
Philosophical Society, that we should set on foot a subscrip- 
tion to engage some competent person to explore those regions 
in the opposite direction, that is by ascending the Missouri, 
crossing the Stony Mountains, and descending the nearest river 
to the Pacific* 

" Captain Meriwether Lewis being then stationed at Char- 
lottesville on the recruiting service, warmly solicited me to ob- 
tain for him the execution of that object. I told him that it 
was proposed that the person engaged should be attended by 
a single companion only, to avoid exciting alarm among the 
Indians. This did not deter him ; but Mr. Andr6 Michaux, a 
professed botanist, author of the ^ Flora Boreali- Americana,' 
and of the ^Histoire des Chines de I'Am^rique,' offering his 
services, they were accepted. He received his instructions, and 
when he had reached Kentucky in the prosecution of his jour- 
ney, he was overtaken by an order from the Minister of France, 
then at Philadelphia, to relinquish the exi)edition, and to pur- 
sue elsewhere the botanical inquiries on which he was employed 
by the government, and thus failed the second attempt to ex- 
plore that region." t 

* Jefferson does not mention in this connection tbo well-known fact that 
he himself became personally responsible for raising the sum of 1,000 
guineas from' private sources, to secure the sending out of this expedition. 

t The late Dr. Asa Gray, in a letter written to me shortly before his death, 
remarks : " I have reason to think that Miohaux suggested to Jefferson the 
expeclition which the latter was active in sending over to the Pacific. I 
wonder if he pat off Michaux for the sake of having it in American hands.'' 

I think it is sufficiently evident from what has been written, that the 
project had been considered by Jefferson long before Michaux came into 
America. A statement parallel to that of Jefferson is found in the brief 
biography of Miohaux prefixed by Prof. C. S. Sargent, to his reprint of the 


It is related by Jefferson, in his ^^ memoranda of conversa- 
tions," that Judge Breckenridge, of Kentucky, told him in 
1800, that Michanx was not only a botanical agent of the 
French, but a political emissary, and that he held a commission 

Jonmal of Andre Mich^inx, pabliahed iu the *' Proceedings of the American 
Philosophical Society," vol. xxvi, No. 129, page 4 : ** The French Govern- 
ment was anxious in 1785 to iutrdduce into the Royal plantations the most 
valuable trees of eastern North America, and Michaux was selected for this 
nndertakiufi^. He was instructed to explore the territory of the United 
States, to gather seeds of trees, shrnbs, and other plants, and to estaUlish a 
nursery near New^ York for their reception, and afterwards to send them to 
France, where they were to be planted in the park of Rambonillet*. He ^aa 
directed also to send gam^birds from America, with a view to their intro- 
duction into the plantations of American trees. Michaux, acoompamied by 
his son, then fifteen years old, arrived in New York in October, 1785. Here 
during two years he made his principal residence, establishing a nursery, 
of which all trace has now disappeared, and making a number of short, 
botauical Journeys into New Jersey, Pennsylvania, and Maryland. The 
fruits of these preliminary explorations, including 12 boxes of seeds, 5,000 
seedling tfees, and a number of live partridges were sent to Paris *at the 
end of the first year. 

^'Michaux's first visit to South Carolina was made in Septomber, 1787. 
He found Charleston a more suitable place for his nurseries, and made that 
city his headquarters during the rest of his stay in America. 

" Michaux's journeys in this country after his establishment in Charleston 
are detailed in the journal (printed in the place already referred to). They 
cover the territory of North America from Hudson's Bay to the Indian 
River of Florida, and from the Bahama Islands to the banks of the Missis- 
sippi River. His ambition to carry out his instructions was equaled only 
by his courage and industry. The history of botanical explorations 
accords no greater display of fortitude and enthusiasm in pursuit of knowl- 
edge than Michanx showed in his journey to the headwaters of the Savan- 
nah River in December, 1788, when his zeal was rewarded by the discovery 
of Shoriia on the return from his visit to Hudson'rt Bay. The hardship of 
his last journey even did not satisfy his craving for adventure and discov 
ery, and shortly after his return he laid before the American Philosophical 
Society a proposiwiou to explore the unknown region which lay beyond the 
Missouri. His proposition was well received. The sum of $5,000 was 
raised by subscription to meet the expenses of the journey, all arrangements 
were made, and ho was about ready to start when lie was called upon by 
the Minister of the French Republic, lately arrived iu New York, to pro- 
cecd to Kentucky to execute some business growing out of the relations 
between France and Spain with regard to the transfer of Louisiana.'' 

'* It was this suggestion of Michaux, no doubt," says Sargent in conclud- 
ing this reference, '' which led Mr. Jefferson, who had regarded him with 
great favor, to send a few years later the first trans-continental expedition 
to the shores of the Pacific." Professor Sargent, like Dr. Gray, has evi- 
dently not been in possession of the history of Jefi'erson's early interest in 
this matter. * 


as oommissary for an expeditiou agaiast the Spaniards, planned 
by Genet, in connection with a plot to gain possession^of the 
eastern Mississippi Valley for Prance.* 

^< In 1803," continues Jefferson, ^' the act of establishing trad- 
ing houses with the Indian tribes being about to expire, some 
modifications of it were recommended to Congress by a confi- 
dential message of January 18, and an extension of its views to 
the Indians on the Missouri. In order to prepare the way, the 
message proposed sending an exploring party to trace the Mis- 
soari to its source, to cross the highlands, and follow the best 
water communication which offered itself from thence to the 
Pacific Ocean. Congress approved the proposition and voted 
a sum of money for carrying it into execution. Captain Lewis, 
who had then been near two years with me as private secretary, 
immediately renewed his solicitation to have the direction of 
the party.'' 

In his life of Lewis, prefixed to the history of the expedition, 
Jefferson gives in full an account of Lewis's preparation for 
the expedition, including his ipstruction in astronomical obser- 
vation by Andrew Ellicott, and also a full text of the instruc- 
tions, signed bj him, addressed to Lewis and his associate, 
Gapt William Clarke. Captain Lewis left Washington on 
the 5th of July, 1803, and proceeded to Pittsburgh. Delays of 
preparation, difiicnlties of navigation down the Ohio, and other 
obstmctions, retarded his arrival at Cahoki until the season 
was so far advanced that he was obliged to wait until the ice 
should break up in the begiuningorspring. His mission accom- 
. plished, he returned to St. Louis on the 23d of September, 1806. 
" Never," says Jefferson, *' did a similar event excite more 
joy throngh the United States. The humblest of its citizens 
had taken a lively interest in the issue of the journey, and 
looked forwanl with impatience for the information it would 
furnish. The anxiety, too, for the safety of the corps had been 
kept in a state of excitement by lugubrious rumors circulated 
from time to time on uncertain authorities, and uncontradicted 
by letters or other direct information*, from the time they had 
left the Mandan towns on their ascent up the river, in April of 
the preceding year, 1805, until their acDual return to St. Louis." 
Thcsecond expedition towards the West was also sent out 
during Jefferson's administration, being that under the com- 

• " JeflTeraon's Writings," ed. T. J. Randolph, iv., pp. 513, 514. 


mand of General Zebalon M. Pike, who was sent to explore 
the sources of the Mississippi Biver and the western parts of 
«( Loaisiana," continuing as far west as Pike's Peak, the name 
of which still remains as a memorial of this enterprise.* 

The expedition of Lewis and Clarke was followed, in dne 
course and in rapid succession, by others, some geographical, 
some geologics^l, some for special researches, and some more 
comprehensive in character. 

To those who are in the least degree familiar with the his- 
tory of American exploration, the names of Long, Cass and 
Schoolcraft, Bonneville, Nicollet, Fremont, Sitgreaves, Wizli- 
zenus, Foster and Whitney, Owen, Stansbnry, Abert^ Marey, 
Stevens, Gunnison, Beckwith, Whipple, Williamson, Parke^ 
Pope, Etaory, Bartlett, Bryan, Magraw, Johnston, Campbell, 
Warren, Twining, Ives, Beale, Simpson, Lauder, McGlellan, 
Mullan, Baynolds, Heap, Jones, Ruffuer, Ludlow, Maguire, 
Macomb, and Stone will bring up the memory of much advent- 
urous exploration and a vast amount of good scienti&c work ; 
while to mention Hayden, Wheeler, King, and Powell is to 
leave the field of history and to call up the early stages of the 
development of that magnificent organization, the United 
States Geological Survey, which is still in the beginning ot its 
career of U8efulnes8.t 

The history of the Coast Survey began with the earliest 
years of the century. It has been thought by some that the 
idea originated with Albert Gallatin, and by others that it 
was due to Prof. Robert Patterson,| while Hassler, whose 

* It is a matter of hUtory that AlezaDder Wilsoa, the ornithologist, was 
aDxioas to be appointed the naturalist of Pike's expedition, and Jefferson 
has been warmly abased for not gratifying his desire. It should be borne 
in mind that at this time Wilson was a man whose repatation had not yet 
been achieved and also that it is quite possible that in those days, as in the 
present, the projectors of such enterprises were bften hindered by lack of 
financial opportunity. 

t The U. S. Geological Survey was organized March 3, 1879, and Clarence 
King was appointed its first director. Major J. W. Powell, his successor, 
was appointed March 18, ISSt. 

tThe committee of twenty, appointed in 1857 by the American Associa- 
tion for the Advancement of Science, to report upon the history and progress 
of the Coast Survey, made the following statement : 

''It is believed that the honor of first suggesting a geodetic survey of 
the American coast, is due to the elder Professor Patterson, of Philadelphia, 
who, as early as the year 1806, availed himself of his intimacy with the 
President. Mr. Jefferson, and the gentlemen who formed his Cabinet, to im- 



name is so intimately associated with ite early history, seems 
to have supposed that it w^ suggested by his own advent, In 
1805, bringing with him from Switzerland a collection of math- 
ematical books and instruments.* 

Passing by the question as to who was the originator of the 
idea, with the simple remark that it is doubtfhl whether such 
an enterprise should not have for long years been in the minds 
of many Americans, it may be said that, without doubt, the 
early organization of the survey was due to the scientific wisdom 
and political foresight of Jefferson, who realized that within a 
few years the country would be involved in a war with Great 
Britain, and that a thorough knowledge of the coast was essen- 
tial not only to the prosperity of the nation in time of peace, but 
still more to ite safety in case of invasion. At that time the 
only charts availably for our mariners were those in ^* The At- 
lantic ^t^eptune " of Colonel Des Barres, and the old hydro- 
graphic charts issued by the Dutch, French, and English gov- 
ernments. Jefferson realized that American seamen were less 

-. - u ■ - - - III w- I . 1 ■ . ._ _ . ^m __i _ _i , i_ ■ — ~- — 

press them with the feasibility and quality of the meaflure." — '* Report 
on the History and Progress of the American Coast Sarrey np to the Year 
1858, by the Committee of Twenty, Appointed by the Association for the 
Advancement of Science, at the Montreal Meeting, Angust, 1857 " (pp. i~8d), 
p. 18. 

"'I arrived in this country in October, 1805, having relinquished my 
public station in my native country, Switzerland, foreseeing the turn of 
political events which have since come to pass, and firom a taste for a rural 
life with completely different views and means quite sufficient for them, 
but which I have failed to claim. Having arrived in Philadelphia, the late 
Professor Patterson, Mr. Garnet, of New Brunswick, and several other gen- 
tlemen, on seeing the books, mathematical instruments, etc., I had brought 
with me for my private enjoyment, were so kind as to show me some atten- 
tion. I had occasion to show them, in conversation, by the scientific pub- 
lieations of Europe, that I had been engaged in an extensive survey of 
Switzerland, which was interrupted by the revolution. Professor Patter- 
son sent to President Jefferson an account of my former life, which I fur- 
nished at his request ; and Mr. Clay, the representative to Congress from 
Philadelphia, before setting off for Congress, in 1806, asked me if I should 
be willing to take a survey of the coast, to which I assented.'' (Letter pub- 
lished in the New York American, probably in February, 1627. Principal 
Documents Relating to the Survey of the Coast of the United States since 
1816, published by F. R. Hassler, Superintendent of the Survey. New York, 
William Van Norton, printer, 1834. Octavo, pp. 1-180, i-ui : folding n^ap. 
Second Volume of the Principal Documents Relating to the Survey of the 
Coast of the United States, from October, 1834, to November, 1835. Pub- 
lished by F. R. Hassler, Superintendent of the Survey. New York, Will- 
iam Van Norton, printer, 1835. Octavo, pp. 1-156, i-ui (i).) 



familiar with many portions of their own coast than were the 
European navigators, and he apprc^ated fally the importance 
of having a knowledge of this kind far more accnratcthan that 
which was possessed by any foreigner. ^^ With the clear ifind 
bold perception which always distingnishes men of genius 
when they are trussed in times of danger with the destiny of 
nations, the President recommended the snrvey of the home 
coast with all the aid of the more recent discoveries in science; " 
and in his annual message tp Congress, in the year 1S07, pro- 
posed the establishment of a national survey, for the purpose 
of making a complete chart of the coast with the adjacent shoals 
and soundings. 

In response to this recommendation, Congress made an ap- 
propriation of $50,000 for the purpose of carrying out the pro- 
vision of the following law : 


Be it enactedf etc.y That the Prettident of the United States shall be^ and 
he is hereby, authorized and requested to cause a survey to be taken of the 
coast of the United States, in which shall be designated ther islands and 
shoals, in the roads or places of anchorage, within 20 leagues of any part 
of the shores of the United Sfcates ; and also their respective courses and 
distances between the principal capes, or head lands, together with 
such other matters as he may deem proper for completing an accurate chart 
of every part of the coast within the extent aforesaid. (Act of February 
10, 1807.) 

By the direction of the President, Albert Oallatin^ Secretary 
of the Treasury, addressed a circular letter to American men 
of science, requesting their opinion as to the character of the 
plan to be adopted. 

In the circular of the Secretary of the Treasury, tbe work to 
be performed was defined as consisting of three distinct pari;|3, 
as follows: 

(1) The ascertainment by a series of astronomical observations of the 
position of a few remarkable points on the coast, and some of the light- 
houses placed on the principal capes, or at the entrance of the principal 
harbors, appear to be the nirist eligible places for that purpose as being 
objects particularly interesting to navigators, visible at a great distance, 
and generally erected on spots on which similar buildings will be continued 
so long as navigation exists. 

(2) A trigonometrical survey of the coast between these points of which the 
position shall have been astronomically ascertained ; in the execution of 
which survey, the position of every distinguishable permanent object should 
be carefully designated ; and temporary beacons be erected at proper dia- 


taneea on those parts of the coast on which. sach ohjeots are really to he 

(3) A naatical survey of the shoals and soundings of the coast of which 
the trigonometrical survey of the coast itself and the ascertained position of 
the light* houses, aud other distiugnishable ohjects, would be the basis; and 
which would therefore depend but little on any astronomical observa- 
tions made on board the vessels employed on the part of the work. 

This circalar letter wassabinitted to thirteen scienti6omeD,ancl 
in response thirteen plans were received at the Treasury De- 
partment. A commission, composed of the experts from whom 
answers had been received, was formed. They met at Profes- 
sor Patterson's, in Philadelphia, and the pl^n which they finally 
selected was then proposed by Ferdinand Bodolph Hassler, at 
that time, and for several years thereafter. Professor in the 
Military Academy at West Point. 

Nothing was done to secure definitely the execution of this 
plan until 1811, when Hassler was sent to Europe to procure 
the necessary instruments and standards of measure for the 
proposed work. He was detained as an alien in London dur- 
ing the entire war with England, and until 1815, when he re- 
turned to the United States, having, as a matter of course, far 
exceeded the limits of his appropriation, with a large claim 
against the government for indemnification.* 

I harve been unable to ascertain the exact date of the appoint- 
ment of Hassler, as the Superintendent of the Coast Survey, 
although it was thoroughly understood at the time of the 
acceptance of his plan in 1807, that it was to be carried out 
under his direction. 

It was not until August, 1816, that the contract was signed 
with the Government which authorized Hassler to proceed with 

* An interesting reminibceoce of his career in this period is contained in 
the diarj of John Qninoy Adams for Jnly, 1815, where there is descrihed an 
interview hy himself, with Mr. Gallatin, at that time United States Minis- 
ter in London, in which the latter spoke of Hassler, who had jnst left them. 

'* That is a man of great ability. He was sent by the Qovemment to Eng- 
land, to procure theinstrnmoDts for the general snrvey of oar coast, bat he 
has outrun bis time and his fands, and his iustmments cost £800 sterling 
more than was appropriated for them ; and he is embarrassed now about get- 
ting hfkojs. to America. I have engaged the Messrs. Baring to advance the 
money for the Instruments, and he is to go for his own expenses upon his 
own credit. He has procured an excellent set of instruments.''— Adams's 
" Memoirs," m., p. 248. 

The circulars elicited by Hassler's plan are printed in the Transactions of 
the American Philosophical Society for 1812, vol. ii. 


his work. In 1817 a begioning was made in the bay and har- 
bor of New York, bat Congress failed to provide for its con- 
tinuance, and it was soon suspended, and in 1818, before the 
snperintendent had the opportunity to publish a report npon 
the results of his last year's labor, Congress,, on the plea <* that 
the little progress hitherto made in the work had caused gen- 
eral dissatisfaction," ordered its discontinuance by repealing 
the law under which the snperintendent had been appointed, 
aud providing that no one should be employed in the survey of 
the coast except officersof the Army and Navy. This was prac- 
tically a discoutiquance of the work, because there was naone 
in America but Hastier who was capable of directing it. 

Immediately after beiug thus legislated out of office, he was 
appointed one of the astronomers to represeht the United States 
in the settlement of the Canadian boundary. 

From 1819 to 1832, attempts were made at various times by 
the NaVy Degartment to survey several portions of the coast. 
A few detached surveys were made, but no general systematic 
work was attempted, and the result was not on the whole 
creditable. In 1828 the Hod. S; L. Southard of New Jersey, 
at that time Secretary of the Navy, in response to resolutions 
of inquiry from the House of Representatives, admitted that 
the charts produced by the Navy were unreliable and onnec- 
essarily expensive, aud declaring also that the plan which had 
been employed was desultory and unproductive, recommended 
that the provisions of the law of 1807 should be resumed. 

In 1832, Congress passed an act reorganizing the surveys on 
the old plan. 



Be it enacted, etc., that for carrying into effect the uct entitled, ** An 
aot to provide for surveying the coast of the United States/' approved on 
the tenth day of February, eighteen hundred and seven, there shall be, and 
hereby is, appropriated a sum not exceeding twenty thousand dollars, to 
be paid out of any money in the Treasury not otherwise appropriated ; and 
the said aot is hereby revised, aud shall be to provide for the survey of the 
coast of Florida, in the same manner as if the same had been named direct. 

8bc. *2. That the President of the United States be, and he is herebyi au- 
thorized, in and about the execution of the said act, to use all maps, charts, 
instruments, and apparatus which n<*w, or hereafter may, belong to the 
United States, and employ all persons of the land and naval service of the 
United States, snch as astronomers, and other persons as he shall think 


Haasler was now agaio appointod superintendent of the 
Coast Sarvey, and held bis position until his death in 1843, the 
work for a short time, at first, being assigned to the Treasury 
Department, and in 1834 transferred to the Navy Department, 
and in 1830 again re-transferred to the Treasury, where it has 
since remained, its Istatns being finally definitely settled by act 
of Congress passed in 1843, shortly before the appointment of 
Alexander Dallas Bache, as the successor of the first saperin- 
t-endent of the survey. 

At the time of Hassler's death the survey had been extended 
from New York, where it was begun, eastward to Point Judith, 
and southward to Cape Henlopen. 

It should be mentioned that in 1825, during the period of 
the suspension of activity, Hassler presented to the American 
Philosophical Society a memoir on the subject of the survey, 
which contained a full account of the {)lau, which he had adopted, 
a description of his instruments, and a history of what had 
been accomplished up to 1817. ''This memoir," wrote Pro- 
fessor Henry in 1845, '' was received with much favor by com- 
petent judges abroad, and the commendation bestowed upon it 
was of no little importance in the wakening of sentiments of 
national pride', which had considerable influence in assisting 
the passage of the act authorizing the renewal of the survey 
in 1832." 

With the appointment of Bache as superintendent in 1843, 
the survey entered upon a new period of prosperity, the dis* 
cu3sion of which is not within the province of this paper, and 
it seems appropriate to close this notice of the origin and early 
history of the organization by quoting from the first report of 
his successor an estimate of the value of Hassler's services. 

**The Coast Survey," wrote Bache, " owes its present form 
and perhaps its existence to the zeal and scientific activity of 
the late superintendent, who devoted the energy of his life to 
it; and who, but for its interruption at a period when he was 
in the prime of manhood, and its suspension for nearly fifteen 
years, might have seen its completion. Tbe difficult task of 
creating resources of practical science for carrying on such a 
work ni>on a stjitable scale, required no common zeal and per- 
severance for its accomplishment, especially at a time when our 
country was far from having attained its present position of 
scientific acquirement, and when public opinion was hardly 
sufficiently enlightened to see the full advantage of clearness 


in executing tbe work. For his saccessfal struggle against 
great difficulties }iis adopted country will do honor to his 
memory as pioneer of a useful national undertakiug,"* 

The history of the Coast Survey under the successive snper- 
tendentships of Bache [l'843-1867], Peirce [1867-1874), Pat^. 
tersou [1874-1881], and Hilgard [1881-1887], would make a 
volume in it^lf. Under its present director, Professor Men- 
denhall, it is growing into renewed vigor and efficiency. 

The Goast Survey was the last of the great scientific enter- 
prises begun in. Jefferson's administration. If. the '^ Sage of 
Monticello " were now living, what deliglit he would feel in the 
manifold scientific activities of the nation. The enlightened 
policy of our Government in regard to scientific and educational 
institutions, is doubtless to a considerable degree due to his 
abiding influence. 

<< Nowhere, in all the long coarse of Mr. Jeiierson's great 
career," writes Henry Adams, "did he appear to better ad- 
vantage than when, in his message of 1806, he held out to the 
country and the world that view of his ultimate hopes and 
■ aspirations for national development, which was, as he then 
trusted, to be his last beque^st to mankind. Having now 
reached the moment when he must formally announce to Gon* 
gress that the great end of relieving the nation from debt was 
at length within reach, and with it the duty of establishing 
true republican government was fulfilled, he paused to ask 
what use was to be made of the splendid future thus displayed 
before them. Should they do away with the taxes 1 Should 
they apply them to the building up of armies and navies t 
Both relief from taxation and the means of defense might be 
sufficiently obtained without exhausting their resources, and 
still the great interests of humanity might be secured. These 
great interests were economical and moral ; to supply the one, 
a system of Internal improvement should be created commen- 
surate with the magnitude of the country; < by these opera- 
tions new channels of communication will be opened between 
the States, the lines of separation will disappear, their interests 
will be identified, and their union cemented by new and indis- 
soluble ties.' To provide for the other, the higher e<lucation 
should be placed among the objects of public care; ^a publio 
institution can alone supply those sciences which, though 

'Report of Alexander Dallas Bache, Saperinteudent of the Coast Survey. 


rarely called for, are yet necessary .to complete the circle, all 
the parts of which coiitribate«to the improvement of the coun- 
try and some of them to its preservation.' A national nni- 
versity and a national system of internal improvement were 
an essential part, and indeed the realization and fruit of the 
republican th^ries which Mr. Jefferson and his associates put 
in practice as their ideal of government." * 

Madison's administration, which began in 1809, though 
friendly to science, was not characterized by any remarkable 
advances (except that the Coast Survey was actually organ- 
ized for work under Hassler, after his return from Europe in 
181 6). The war of 181 2 and the unsettled state of public affairs 
were not propitious to the growth of learned institutions. 

Monroe became chief magistrate in 1817. He, like Madison, 
was a friend and follower of Jefferson, and in the atmosphere 
of national prosperity scientific work began to prosper, and 
there was a great accession of popular interest, and State geo- 
logicarsurveys began to come into existence. Schoolcraft and 
Long led governmentexpeditions into the West; the American 
Geological Society and the American Journal of Science were 

The city of Washington began to have intellectual interests, 
and public-spirited men organized theOolumbian Institute and 
the Columbian University. 

Monroe was not actually acquainted with science, but was 

* Adam'H " Life of Gallatin," pp. 349, 350. Henry Adams in this admira- 
ble biography has shown that Gallatin was one of Jefierson's strongest 
supportecsin plans for the public enlightenineuti and that he had an ambi- 
tion of his own for the education of ail citizens, without dis inction of 

** I had another favorite object in view/' Gallatin writes, ** in which I 
have failed. My wish was to devote what may remain of life to the estab- 
lishment in this immense and fast-igrowing city (New York), of a general 
system of rational and practical education fitted for all and gratuitously 
opened to all.' For it appeared to me impossible to preserve our democratic 
institutions and the right of universal suffrage unless we could^ raise the 
standard of general education and the mind of the laboring classes nearer 
to a level with those born under favorable circumstances. I became accord- 
ingly the president of the council of a new university, originally estab- 
lished on the most liberal principles. Bnt finding that the object was no 
longer the same, and that their object, though laudable, was special and 
quite distinct from mine, I resigned at the end of one year rather than to 
struggle, probably in vain, for what wns near unattainable.'' — Op, cii., p. 


in hearty sympathy with, it. When he visited New York, in 
1817, he visited the New York Institation, and was received as 
an honorary member of the Literary and Philosophical Society, 
and in his reply to the address of Governor Glinton, its presi- 
dent, he remarked that ^^ the honor, glory, and prosperity of 
the conntry were intimately connected with its literature and 
science, and that the promotion of knowledge would always be 
an object of his attention and solicitude." 

The most important new enterprise was in the direction of 
organizing a national meteorological service. 

The first move was made by Josiah Meigs, who was in 1814 
appointed Commissioner of the General Land Office. With 
th^ exception of Franklin,* he was perhaps the earliest scien- 
tific meteorologist in America, having, while living in the 
Bermudas from 1789 to 1794, made a series of observations 
which he communicated to the Royal Society.! 

In 1817, or before he began to advocate Oongressional action 
for the establishment of meteorological registers in connection 
with the Laud Office, writing to Dr. Daniel Drake in 1817, he 
said : 

If my plan be adopted, and the registers be fbrnished with the reqaiBite 
instruments for temperatare, pressure, rain, wind, etc«, * * * we 
may, in the oourae of a year, know more than we shall be |ible to know on 
any other plan. (Page 62.) 

Without some system of this kind our country may be ooonpied for ages, 
and we the people of the United States be as ignorant on this subject as 
the Kickapoo9 now are, who have occupied it for ages past. (Page 83.) 

In 1817 he also issued a circular to the registrars of the 
Land Offices of the several States, calling upon them to take 
regularly certain observations and make monthly official re- 
ports upon ail meteorological phenomena. 

In 1819 a co-operative movement was begun under the direc- 
tion of Dr. Joseph Lovell, Snrgeon-Oeneral of the Army, in 
connection with the medical officers at the principal military 
posts, by whom reports were made at the end of each month 
upon the temperature, pressure, and moisture of the air, the 

* See Benjamin Franklin's '* Meteorological Imaginations and Conjec- 
tures,'' in the Memoirs of the Literary and Philosophical Society of Mans- 

Communications made at Passy (France), in 1784, and reported in the 
^Pennsylvania Packet (in Congressional Library; of July 18, 1786. 

t " Life of Josiah Meigs," p. 27. 


Mndant of rain, the direction and force of the wind, the ap- 
pearance of the sky, and other phenomena. 

The.Land OfQce circular was a remarkable one,, and led to 
the extensive system of Patent Office observations^ the results 
of which, published in connection with those of the War De- 
partment and the Smithsonian in 1859, formed the foundation 
of scientific meteorology in the United States. 

In 1839 a most admirable paper by the French geologist, 
I. K. Nicollet, an << Essay on Meteorological Observations,'' 
was published under the direction of the Bureau of Topo- 
graphical Engineering. Some years later the lake system of 
meteorological observations was established by the Engineer 
Department, under the direction of Gapt. (afterwards General) 
George G. Meade. This included a line of stations extending 
from the western part of Lake Superior to the eastern part of 
Lake Ontario. 

In 1835 a system of observations had been established under 
the direction of the Board of Regents of the University of 
the State of New York, the points of observation being li>t the 
academies of the State, and in 1837 the legislature of Penn- 
sylvania made an. appropriation of $4,000 for instruments for 
use in meteorological observations, which were continued until 
about 1847. Those of New York were kept up until 1865 or 

In the meantime, the idea of the pre-announcemeut of storms 
by telegraph was suggested in 1847 by W. G. Kedfield, the dis- 
coverer of the law of storms, while Lieutenant Maury from 
1851 onward, and especially at the International Meteorologi- 
cal<7onference (held at his instance in Belgium in 1853) was 
promoting the establishment of a system of agricultural 
meteorology for farmers, and of daily weather reports by 

In February, 1855, Leverrier obtained the sanction of the 
Emperor of France for the creation of an extensive organiza- 
tion for the purpose of distributing weather intelligence, 
though it was not till 1860 that he felt justified in making his 
work international, t In 1861 and in 1862 a similar organiza- 
tion was begun in England, under Admiral Fitzroy, which 
was extended a little later to India. 

• " Maury'8 Life/' p. 77. • 

t Scott, "Storm Warnings/' London, 1883. 



In th^ meantime all the essential features for the prediction 
of meteorological phenomena were in existence in tbfe Smith- 
sonian Institntion as early as 1856, having grown up as the 
result of an extensive series of tabulations of obs^vations 
recorded by volunteer observers in all parts of the country. 

The following historical notes on weather telegraphy, pre- 
pared by Professor Cleveland Abbe in 1871, • give a summary 
of the progress of this work : 

However frequently the idea may have been snggested of atilizing our 
knowledge by the employment of the electric telegraph , it is to Professor 
Henry and his assistants in the Smithsonian Institation that the credit is 
dne of having first actually realized this suggestion. 

The practical utilization of the results of scientific study is well known 
to have been in general greatly furthered by the labors of this noble insti- 
tution, and from the very beginning Professor Henry has successfnlly 
advocated the feasibility of telegraphic storm warnings. The agitation of 
this subject in the United States during the years 1830-'55* may be safely 
presumed to have stimulated the subsequent action of the European meteor- 
ologists. It will be interesting to trace the gradual realization of the 
earlier suggestions of Kedfield and Loomis in the following extracts from 
the annual Smithsonian reports of the respective years : 

1847. *<The extended lines of telegraph will furnish a ready means of 
warning the more northern and eastern observers, to be on the watch for 
the first appearance of an advancing storm.'' 

1848. ''As a part of the system of meteorology, it is proposed to employ, 
as far as our funds will permit, the magnetic telegraph in the investigation 
of atmospherical phenomena. • * * xhe advantage to agriculture and 
commerce to be derived from a knowledge of the approach of a storm by 
means of the telegraph has been frequently referred to of late in the public 
journals; and this we think is a subject deserving the attention of the 

1849. ''Successful applications have been made to the presidents of a 
number of telegraph lines (o allow us at a certain period of the day the nse 
of the wires for the transmission of meteorological intelligence * * * As 
soon as they [certain instructions, etc.] are completed, the transmission of 
observations will commence." (It was contemplated to constitute the tel- 
egraph operators the observers.) 

1850. " This map [an outline wall-map] is intended to be used for pre- 
senting the successive phases of the sky over the whole country at different 
points of time, as far as reported." 

1851. " Since the date of the last report the system particularly intended 
to investigate the nature of American storms immediately under the care 
of the Institution, has been continued and improved." 

The system of weather reports thus inaugurated continued in regular 
operation until 1861, when the disturbed condition of the country rendered 
impossible its further continnance. Meanwhile, however, the study of 

"American Journal of Science, July, 1871. 


iheae daily luoniiDg reports haA led to such a knowledge of the progress of 
oar storms that in the report for 1857 Professor Henry writes : 
- 1857. *< We are indebted to the National Telegraph Line for a series of 
observations from New Orleans to New York and as far westward as Cin- 
cinnati, which have been pablished in the Evening Star, of this oity. 

"We hope in the conrse of another year to make snch an arrangement 
with the telegraph lines as to be able to give warnings on the eastern coast 
of the approach of storms, since the investigations which have been made 
at the Institution fully indicate the fact that as a general rule the storms of 
oar latitude pursue a de6nite course." 

It would seem, therefore, that nothing but the disturbances of the late 
war prevented our having had, ten years ago, a valuable system of prac- 
tical storm warnings. Eyen before peace had been proclaimed, Professor 
Henry sought tojrevive the systematic daily weather reports, and in August, 
1864, at the meeting of the North Ameiican Telegraph Association (see 
their published report of proceeding), a paper was presented by Professor 
Baird, on behalf of the Smithsonian Institution, requesting the privilege 
of the use of the telegraph lines, and more especially in order to enable 
Professor Henry " to resume and extend the weather bulletin, and to give 
warning of important atmospheric changes to our seaboard." In response 
to this communication, it was resolved, '*That this association recom- 
mend — to paasfree of charge — brief meteorological reports for the use and 
benefit of the Institution." 

On the communication of this generous response preparations were at 
once made for the laborious undertaking, and the inauguration of the 
enterprise was fixed for the year 1865. In January of that year, however, 
occurred the disastrous fire which so seriously embarrassed the labors of the 
Smithsonian Institution for several following years. It became necessary 
to. indefinitely postpone this meteorological work, which, indeed, had 
through its whole history been carried on with most limited financial 
means, and was quite dependent upon the liberal co-operation of the dif- 
ferent telegraph companies. 

It will thus be seen that withont material aid from the Government, but 
through the enlightened policy of the telegraph companies, and with the 
assistance of the munificent bequest of James Sraithson, ''for the increase 
and diffusion of knowledge," the Smithsonian Institution, first in the 
world, organized a comprehensive system of telegraphic meteorology, and 
has thus gl'^n, first to Europe and Asia, and now to the United States, the 
most beneficent national application of modern science, the storm warnings. 

In the report of the Smithsonian Institution for 1858 it is 

An object of much interest at the Smithsonian building is the daily 
exhibition on a large map of the condition of the weather over a consider- 
able portion of the United States. The reports are received about 10 
o'clock in the morning, and the changes are made on the map by temporarily 
attaching to the several stations pieces of card of different colors to note 
the different conditions of the weather, and the clearness, cloudiness, rain, 
or snow. This matter is not only of interest to visitors in exlt^ibitini^ the 

a Mis, 17a,~7 


kind of weather which their frieDds at a distance are experiencing, bat is 
also of importance in determining at a glance the probable changes which 
may soon be expected.* 

In a still earlier report Professor Henry said : 

We are indebted to the National Telegraph Line for a series of observa- 
tions from New Orleans to New York^ and as far westward as Cincinnati, 
Ohio, which have been published in the Evening Star, of this city. Thes^ 
reports have excited much interest, and conld they be extended fnrther 
north and more generally to the west, they wonld furnish important obser- 
vations as to the approach of storms. We hope in the coarse of another 
year to make such an arrangement with the telegraph lines as to be able to 
give warning on the eastern coast of the approach of storms, since the inves- 
tigations whieh have been made at the Institution fully indicate the fact 
that, as a general role, the storms of our latitude pursue a definite course, t 

In 1868, Cleveland Abbe, then director of t}ie Cincinnati Ob- 
servatory, revived the Smithsonian idea of meteorological fore- 
casts, and suggested to the Cincinnati Chamber of Commerce 
that Cincinnati should be made the headquarters of meteoro- 
logical observation for the United States, '^ for the purpose of 
collecting and comparing telegraphic weather reports from all 
parts of the land and making deductions therefrom." His pro- 
posals were favorably received, and he began, September 1, 
18t>9, to issue the <' Weather Bulletin of the Cincinnati Observa- 
tory," which he oontinued until, in January, 1871, he was sum- 
moned to Washington to assist in organizing the national 
meteorological service, with which he has ever since been iden- 

The Smithsonian meteorological system continued its func- 
tions until it was finally consigned to the custody of the Chief 
Signal Officer of the Army. Like all the efforts of this Institu- 
tion, this work was in the direction of supplementing and 
harmonizing the work of all others, and attention was espe- 
cially devoted to preparing and distributing blank forms in 
this direction, calculating and publishing extensive papers for 
systematizing observations, introducing standard instruments, 
collecting all public documents, printed matter, and manu- 
script records bearing on the meteorology of the American 
Continent, submitting these materials for scientific discussion, 
and publishing their results. The Smithsonian work was, dur- 

* ^'Thirteenth Annual Report of the Secretary of the Smithsonian Insti- 
tution," p. :«. (1858.) 

t ''Twelfth Annual Report of the Secretary of the Smithsonian Institu- 
tion, 1857/^ p. 26. Also, "Twentieth Annual Report of the Secretary of 
the Smithsonian Institution^ 1865," pp. 54-57. 


ing its whole existence, under the immediate personal direction 
of Professor Henry, assisted by Professor Arnold Gayot, who, 
in 1850, prepared atid published an exhaustive series of direc- 
tions for meteorological observations, intended for the first 
class observers co-operating with the Smithsonian Institution. 

The seeds planted by the army in 1819 began to bear perfect 
fruit fifty years later, when by act of Congress, in 1870, the 
Secretary of War was authorized to carry into etfect a scheme 
for '^ giving notice by telegraph and signals of the approach, 
and force of storms," and the organization of a meteorological 
bureau adequate to the investigation of American storms, and 
their pre-announcement along the northern lakes and the sea- 
eoast was, under the auspices of the War Department, trusted 
to the Chief Signal Officer of the Army, Brig.-Gen. Albert 
J. Myer, and a division, created in his office, was designated 
as the ^^ Division of Telegrams and Reports for the Benefit of 

By a subsequent act of Congress, approved June 10, 1872, 
the Signal Service was charged with the duty of providing 
snch stations, signals, and reports as might be found neces- 
sary for extending its research in the interest of agriculture. 
In 1873, the work of the bureau of the division having been 
eminently successful, and its successes having been* recognized 
abroad as well as in this country. Congress, by a further act, 
authorized the establishment of signal-service stations at the 
light-houses and life-saving' stations on the lake sea-coasts, 
and made provision for connecting them with telegraph lines 
or cables, ''to be constructed, maintained, and worked under 
the direction of a chief signal officer of the Army, or the Secre- 
tary of War and the Secretary of the Treasury," and in this 
year also was begun the publication of a monthly Weather Re- 
view, summarizing in a popular way all its data showing the 
result of its investigations, as well as presenting these in 
graphic weather charts. 

In 1874 the entire system of Smithsonian weather observa- 
tion in all parts of the United States was transferred by Pro- 
fessor Henry to the Signal Service. A few months previously, 
at the proposal of the Chief Signal Officer, in the International 
Congress of Meteorologists convened at Vienna, the system of 
world-wide co-operative simultaneous weather observations, 
since then so extensively developed, was inaugurated, and be- 
gan to contribute its data to the signal-office records. It is un- 


necessary to trace farther the history of the begiuning of the 
meteorological work of the Signal Service, bat I doubt not 
that every one at all familiar with its sabseqaent history, 
under the leadership of Oene)*als Hazen and Greely, will agree 
with the opinion of Judge Daly, the president of the American * 
Geographical Society, when he said that '^nothing in the nature 
of scientific investigation by the National Government has 
proved so acceptable to the people, or has been so productive 
in so short a time of such important results, as the establish- 
m*ent of the Signal-Service Bureau."* 

The sixth President, John Quincy Adams, a man of culture 
broad and deep, found the presidency of the American Acad- 
emy of Arts and Sciences so congenial to his tastes and sym- 
pathies that he did not hesitate to say that he prized it more 
highly than the chief magistracy of the nation. He considered 
his most important achievement to be the '' Report on Weights 
and Measures," prepared for Congress \n 1818, and was justly 
proud of it, for it was a very admirable piece of scientific work, 
and is still considered the most important treatise on the sub- 
ject ever written. 

John Quincy Adams revived Washington's national uni- 
versity project, and made battle valiantly for an astronomical 

In his first message to Congress afterward, he said : 

Amoug the first, perhaps the very first, instraineut for the improvemeDt 
of the condition of men is knowledge; and to the acquisition of much of 
the knowledge adapted to the wants, the comforts, and enjoymeuts of 
hnman life, public institutions aud seminaries of learning arc essential. 
So convinced of this was the first of my predecessors in this ofiice, now 
first in the memory, as living he was first in the hearts, of our country, that 
once and again, in uin addresses to the Congresses with whom he co-oper- 
ated in the public service, he earnestly recommended the establishment of 
seminaries of learning, to prepare for all the emergencies of peace and war, 
a National University and a Military Academy. With respect to the latter, 
had he lived to the present day, in turning his eyes to the institution at 
West Point, ho would have enjoyed the gratification of his most earnest 
wishes. Bnt in surveying the city which has been honored with his name, 
he would have seen the spot of earth which he had destined aud bequeathed 
to the use and benefit of his country as the site for a Uuiversity, still barp 
and barren. t 

* 188:^, History of the United States Signal Service, with catalogue of its 
exhibit at the International Fisheries Exhibition. London, 1883 ; Wash- 
ington City, 1883; octavo pp. 1-28, 

tJohn Quincy Adams, in his diary for November, 1825, 4e8crjbe6 an inter- 


And again : 

Connected with the establishment of a university, or separate from it, 
might be undertaken the erection of an asth>nomical observatory, with 
provision for the support of an astronomer, to be in constant attendance of 
observance upon the phenomena of the heavens ; and for the x>«riodical 
publioations of his observations. It is with no feeling of pride, as an Amer> 
ican, that the remark may be made that, on the comparatively small terri- 
torial surface of Europe, there are existing upward of one hundred and 
thirty of these light-hoases of the skies; while throughout the whole 
American hemisphere there is but one. If we reflect a moment upon the 
discoveries which, in the last four centuries, have been made in the physi- 
cal constitution of the universe by the means of th^e buildings, and of 
observers stationed in them, shall we doubt of their usefulness to every 
nation f And while scarcely a year passed over our heads without bring- 
ing some new astronomical discovery to light, which we must fain receive 
at Second-hand from Europe, are we not cutting ourselves oft* from the 
means of returning light for light, while we have neither observatory nor 
observer upon our half of the globe, and the earth revolves in perpetual 
darkness to our ufisearohing ^yes f 

This appeal was received with shoats of ridieale ; and the 
proposal <'to establish a lighthouse in the skies" became a 
common by-word which has scarcely yet ceased to be familiar. 
So strong was public feeling that, in the year 1832, in reviving 

view with his Cabinet, and the discussion which followed the reading of 
his message before it was finally revised for sending to Congress. 

'* Mr. Clay wished to have the recommendations of a National University 
• • *• struck out » • * The Uuiversity, Mr. Clay said, was entirely 
hopeless, and he thought there was something in the ponstitntional objec- 
tion to it. * * * I concurred entirely in the opinion that no projects 
absolutely impracticable ought to be recommended ; but I would look to a 
practicability of a longer reign than a simple session of Congress. General 
Washington hiad recommended the Military Academy more than ten years 
before it was obtained. The plant may come late, though the seed should 
be sown early. And I had not recommended a University. I had referred 
to Washington's recommendations, and observed they had not been carried 
into effect.'' 

Such opinions as these of Mr. Clay were evidently very much at variance 
with those of John Quincy Adams and of his illustrious father, whose ac- 
tion in the constitutional convention of Massachusetts has already been 
referred to, and at variance as well, it would seem, with the opinion of the 
early Republicans, as with those of the Federalists. The views of Wash- 
ington and Madison, as well as those of Jefierson and Barlow, on these sub- 
jects have already been referred to. 

Mr. Adams, in commenting upon an address delivered by Edward Ever- 
ett before the Columbian Institute, January 16, 1830, remarks : 

"I regretted to hear a seeming admission that the powers of giving en- 
Gooragemeut to literature and science were greater at least in State gov- 
enimeuts than in that of the Union." Vol. vii., p. 171. 


an act for the continuance of the sarvey of the coast, Congress 
made a proviso, that ^< nothing in the act should be construed 
to authorize the construction or maintenance of a permanent 
astronomical observatory."* 

Nothing daunted, Mr. Adams continued the struggle, and 
while a member of the House of Representatives, after his pres- 
idential term had expired, he battled for the observatory con- 
tinually and furiously. An oration delivered by him in Cin- 
cinnati, in/ 1843, closed with these words: . 

Is there one tower erected to enable tfaekeeneyed observer of the heavenlj 
vanlt to watch from ni^ht to night, through the circling year, the move- 
ments of the starry heavens and their annumbered worlds? Look aroand 
yon, look from the St. John to the Sabine, look from the mouth of the Nev- 
ersink to the month of the Columbia, and you will find not one! or if one, 
not of our erection. 

A correspondent of the London AthensBum, writing from 
Boston in May, 1840, spoke at length of the dearth of observa- 
tories in the United States, and of the efforts of John Quincy 
Adams to form a national astronomical establishment in con- 
nection with the Smithsou bequest. The letter is of great in- 
terest as showing the state of opinion on scientific matters in 
America just half a century ago. 

Boston, May, 1840. 

One of the prominent sabjeots of disoassion among our savans is the estab- 
lishment of observatories of a character suitable to our standing as a civ- 
ilized nation, and still more to our exigencies as a practical, and esp'ectally 
as a commercial copimuoity. I verily believe that the yearly damage and 
destruction along our coast, for want of the securities which such instita- 
tions would supply, out-balances, beyond comparison, all it would cost to 
establish and maintain them in every principal city of the land. It is partly 
a sort of electioneering economy which leaves things thus, and which has 
hitherto refused or neglected to fit out exploring expeditions ; to acoumn- 
late national treasures of art and science, and facilities for their prosecu- 
tion ; and generally to pursue a system of ** in-breeding and cherishing/' 
as Milton has it, *^ in a great people, the seeds of virtue and public ciyil- 
ity ;'' excepting always what is done for the diffusion of elementary popu- 
lar education. This education, to be sure, and this diffusion of it, we are 
taught to regard as necessaries in our moral and social being— the ''staff 

* It is interesting to know that in 1827, Mr. James Cofirtenay, of Charles- 
ton, published a pamphlet, an urgent plea for the establishment of a naval 
observatory. I am indebted to Mr. William A. Courtenay for the oppor-. 
tunity to examine this rare tract, which has the following title : 

1827. CouRTKXAY, James. An | Inquiry | into | the Propriety | of | 
establishing | a | National Observatory. | == | By James Courtenay, 
I of Charleston, South Carolina ^ = | — | Charleston, Printed by W. 
Kiley, 125 Churcli-Street | — | 1827. 6^ pp. 1-24.— 


of pnblio life ^ among as. . And we are right. It is so. Bat there are many 
other things which we have not been taaght to appreciate as they deaerYe, 
and the valae of which we have gradaally to grope oor way to. Their day, 
however, will come ; though it can not be expected that either a govern- 
ment or a people so yonthiul, so harried, so fluctaating, oan reach at <^oe 
to the graces and the ''fair hoinanities " of the Old Worhh Remember 
that the ''United States" are only some half-ceutary old ; and remember 
what we have been obliged to do and to snfier meanwhile, and nnder what 
circamstances. But, as I said before, the time is coming, if not come, when 
t^e heart of the nation shall acknowledge what is the high duty and destiny 
of aconntry like this ; and then, I need not tell you. all is accomplished. Con- 
gieas and the Government mast always represent the general as well as the 
political character of the nation. It will be refined, scientific, pablic- 
spirited, or otherwise, as are the people. At this moment, as at all times, 
the representative and the represented, bear this relation to each other as 
intimately as might be expected from the natnre of oar institutions ; and 
hence, from the signs which have appeared in the legislative bodies, I de- 
rive hope, and feel authorized to say what I have said of the advance, 
thfoagbout oar commanity, of what may be called the graceful and genial 
system of civilization, as distinguished from the practical and hard. This 
subject of observatories is quite in point. True, nothing has y et been done, 
but then a good deal has been said; and that is much : it is, in fact, doing 
much, in a case like this. It was something for Congress to bear being told 
what they had neglected, and patiently to discuss the subject. 

The priacipal agent in bringing the subject forward has been Ex-Presi- 
dent Adams, who, as you may be aware, is still an M. C, at the age of 
between suventy and eighty, and one of the halest and hardiest men in that 
body. His spirit is equal to his iron constitution. He spares himself no 
labor. So well is this understood that it has been of late rather a practice 
to select the old gentleman for special burdens ; and there are mauy matters 
of legislative action which he really understands better, or knows better at 
least how to explore and determine, than any member of the House. Thus 
the observatory business came upon him, at least indirectly ; for, to some 
extent, he brought it on himself. You are, no doubt, familiar with the 
the history of the great Smithsonian bequest. When that business came 
before Congress, and especially as it was not a party one, all eyes were 
turned on Mr. Adams, and he was appointed chairman of the committee. 
In this capacity he has made saudry reports : the last and ablest reviews the 
whole subject. In this he'labors to show what general appropriation ought 
to be made of the fund — for that is not yet determined — and then to sustain a 
special recommendation, which is, to devote the income for about ten years 
to an observatory, to be founded on national land, at Washington, "adapted 
to the most effective and continual observations of the phenomena of the 
heavens, and to be provided with the necessary, best, and most perfect in- 
struments and books for the periodical publication of the said observations, 
and for the annual composition and publication of a Nautical Almanac." 
The details of the plan may be omitted. Many, however, of the statistics 
connected with them, are new to us here, and of iutet>e8t, including a re- 
port on the British establishments, furnished, on request, by the Astrono- 
mer Airy. To a greater extent (hese may be familiar to English readers, 


bat perhaps not wholly bo. I hope they do not know, for example, haw 
mnoh we deserve, as compared with other nations, the canstio strictures 
and lectures of Mr. Adams, who really gives us no qu^ter, being resolved 
not to spoil the child by sparing the rod, but rather fo provoke us to find 
a remedy for the evils he describes. You yourself adverted, not long since, 
to the state of things among us, but only in general terms. The facts are 
these : They have a small observatory in process of erection at Tuscaloosa, 
Ala., for the use of the university in that place. Professor Hopkins, 
of Williams College, Massachusetts, has a little establishment of the sort, 
and this is about all in that State — all in New England ! The only other 
establishment in the United States, known to me, is that in the Western 
Reserve College, Ohio, under the charge of Professor Loomis. Nothing of 
the kind at our national seat of government, or anywhere near it ! Even 
Harvard University,'' with all its antiquity, revenue, science, and renown," 
has thus far failed, though it appears that they are breaking gronnd at 
Cambridge ; a house or houses having been purchased and fitted up, and 
one of our '* savans'' is already engaged in a series of magnetic and other 
observatious. Now, how stands the case on your side the water? Why» 
in the British Islands alone, there are observatories at the Universities of 
Cambridge and Oxford — at Edinburgh and Glasgow, in Scotland — and at 
Dublin and Armagl^, in Ireland— ail receivjng some patronage from the 
Government — to say nothing of an observatory at the Cape of Good Hope, 
or of the establishments on the various remote and widely- separated de- 
pendencies of the British Empire, including Van Dieman's Land, for the 
furnishing of which, we nnderstand, arrangements have been made in con- 
nection with Captain Ross's expedition. In France, I believe, the pro- 
vision is not less ample. On this part of the subject Mr. Adams merely 
remarks that the history of the Royal Observatory of that country would 
show the benefits conferred on mankind by the slightest notice bestowed 
on the ralers on the pursuit of knowledge, and that " the names of the 
four Cassinis would range in honorable distinction by the side of Flams- 
teed, Bradley, and Maskelyne." 

Special reference is of course made to Greenwich, and Mr. Adams takes 
much pains to show hoW much that institution has done for science and 
for man. After recapitulating how to preserve observations, we are in- 
debted for a fixed standard for the measurement of time, — how, by the 
same science, man has acquired, so far as he possesses it, a staoAard for 
the measurement of space, he observe, that th^ minutest of these Observa- 
tions contribute to the ^'increase and diffusion of knowledge " (the ex- 
pressed object in Sraithson's bequest). As to the more brilliant, we are 
reminded of an observation of Voltaire, that if the whole huuian race 
could be assembled from the creation of man to this time, in gradation of 
genius, Isaac Newton would stand at their head; and the discoveries of 
Newton were the results of calculations, founded on the observations of 
others — of Copernicus, Tycho Brahe, Kepler, and Fiamsteed. Greenwich 
has been considered rather an expensive establishment (among us), but 
Mr. Adams shows that, though costly, it has not been profitless. 

Not to enter further into details of European countries, it appears that 
there are about one huodred and twenty observatories in Continental 
Europe; and that tbe mpst magnificent of them all has been lately founded 


by ihe Cear in the Tioinity of hU capital: an enterprise 8affloiently«glori- 
ooe, Mr. Adams observes, for tbe sovereign of sncb an empire; bnt tbe 
merit of wbicb is enhanced by ^be fact of its being undertaken and aooom- 
plisbed in such a latitude and climate : — '< a region so near tbe pole, tbat it 
offers to tbe inspection of tbe human eye only a scanty portion of tbe 
northern hemisphere, with an atmosphere so chilled with cold and ob- 
acuved with vapors, that it yields scarcely sixty days in the year when ob- 
servation of tbe heavenly bodies is practicable." This fact, it must be al- 
lowed, is rather an aggravation, or ought to be, to us republicans, some 
among whom affect to be special despisers of the bigoted Nicholas, and all 
his works. It seems, too, that Mehemet Ali has come forward as the 
patron of philosophical inquiry. 

Thus matters stand at present, and Mr. Adams strongly urges prompt, 
practical action; and this scheme, with some modifications, and after our 
onstomary delays and discussions (in Congress) will be carried into execu- 
tion, at least to a respectable extent. I am the more inclined to the 
opinion as it has been made clear in the progress of discussion that the 
establishments referred to need n^t be so enormously expensive as they gen- 
erally are. In this matter we have been misled and discouraged by your 
example, among others. We found that Cambridge observatory cost 
£20,000, and tbat, among the instruments, tbe price of the mural circle 
alone was over £1,000, lo say nothing of an equatorial telescope tit £750, 
^or a transit instrument £600, and that as to Qreenwich, the annual ex- 
penses, including salaries, repairs, and printing, exceeded £8,000. Now, 
this may be ''sport for you," but it knocked our calculations on the head. 
Our ideaa are not yet enlarged, to that extreme point. To be sure, we can 
■pdnd money for Florida wars; nay, for belter things— for internal improve- 
ments — for bridges over the Ohio River (St. Louis) or for market-bouses and 
meeting-houses of most liberal dimensions — for whatever, in a word, is prac- 
tical — as we nuderstand it — and especially so much of it as private enterprise^ 
can execute without calling in Government aid: — but ask for the adornments 
and muniments of art and science, iu the ornamental or even in the scholar- 
like way, and it must be acknowledged .the ''sovereign people'' move 
slow; they button their breeches' pockets and begin to ^'calculate." As 
to the Observiitories, however, the case is better, for we find that much 
can be done at small expense. An establishment of the merely useful 
kind may be set up for a trifle. Not that Mr. Adams proposes to establish 
the National Observatory on such a scale. On the contrary, he thinks the 
Smithson fund should be devoted to it for the present, and that not less 
than ten years of the income will be required. A more explicit estimate 
is also added, but it will be sufficient to observe that it comprises, besides 
a salary of $3,600 for the astronomer, funds for the compensation of four 
assistants, at flySOO each, and two laborers, each at |600; for the purchase 
and procurement of instruments, |30,000; of which $20,000 might be ap- 
plied for an assortment of the best instruments to be procured, and $10,000 
for a fund, from the interest of which other instruments maybe from time 
to time procured, and for repairs; for tbe library, $30,000; being $10,000 
for first supply, and $20,000 for a fund for an income of $12,000 a year; 
and finally $30,000 for a fund, from tbe income of which $1,800 a year, 
sliall go to defray the expenses of the yearly publication of the observation 
and of a Nautical Almanac. 


It was the idea of Mr. Adams, in his later days, that the 
Smithson beqaest, or, at least, its income for ten years, should 
be applied to the fonndatiou of a national observatory and the 
pablication of the '^ Nautloal Almanac," aud he only abandoned 
it when an observatory had actually been established under 
the Navy Department, in connection with the Department of 
Charts aud Instruments. 

The establishment of an observatory had, indeed, been prom- 
inent in the minds of Washington and Jefferson, and was deft- 
nitely proposed in Barlow's plan for a national institution, as 
well as in the project for a coast survey, submitted in 1837, in 
which it was proposed that there should be two observatories, 
formed at a fixed point, around which the survey, aud particu- 
larly the nautical part of it, should be referred, their situation 
preferably to be in the State of Maine or lower Louisiana, since 
from them every celestial object observable, from the tropics 
to the Arctic circle, and within about twenty degrees of longi- 
tude, could be observed. Still, however, since various consid- 
erations might occasion the desire of placing one of these ob- 
servatories in the city of Washington, just as observatories had 
been placed in the principal capitals of Europe, as a national 
object of scientific ornament as well as a means for nourishing 
science in general, Hassler conceded that it might there be 
placed, since it would then be the proper place for the deposit 
of the standards of weights and measures, which also makes a 
special part thecollection of instruments. JamesMonroe, when 
Secretary of State, in 1812, strongly urged upon Congress the 
establishment of an observatory, urging, first, the necessity of 
establishing a first meridian for the continent, and, in the sec- 
ond place, the fact that every enlightened nation had already 
established such an institution of learning. The immediate occa- 
sion for the intervention of the Secretary of State was the 
memorial of William Lambert, of Virginia, which was presented 
at various times from 1810 to 1821, and was accompanied by an 
elaborate report in 1822. 

The action of Congress during the Adams administration has 
been referred to. In 1830, Mr. Vance, of North Carolina, Sec- 
retary of the Navy under Jackson, strongly urged the estab- 
lishment of an observatory for general astronomical purposes. 

The beginning of the observatory seems to have been actu- 
ally made on Capitol Hill during Mr. Adams's administration, 
under instruction of Astronomers Lambert and Elliott, em- 



ployed by Gongress to determine the longitude of Washington. 
The President, in his diary of 1825, described a visit to Gapi- 
tol Hill, in company with Golonel Boberdeau, and spoke of 
witnessing an observation of the passage of the snn over the 
meridian, made with a small transit instrument. This instru- 
ment was very probably the one obtained by Hassler in Europe 
in 1815, which he never was permitted to use in connection with 
the coast survey work, and which passed into the hands of 
Lieutenant Wilkes in 1834, when it was placed in the small ob- 
servatory, erected at his own expense, about a thousand feet 
north of the dome of the Gapitol. 

It wasnt this establishment, which was known as the ^' naval 
depot of instruments,'' that the five-foot transit was used, mainly 
for the purpose of reading the naval chronometer. When 
Wilkes went to sea with his expedition in 1837, Lieut. James 
M. Oilliss became supelrintendent of the depot, and having ob- 
tained a 42-inch astronomical telescope, commenced a series of 
observations on the culmination of the moon and stars, In 
1842 the establishment of a permanent depot of charts and 
instruments was authorized by Gongress, and although the 
establishment of an observatory was not authorijsed in the bill, 
every effort was made by Lieutenant Gilliss and others inter- 
ested in his work to secure suitable accommodations for astro- 
nomical work, and his plans having been, approved by Presi- 
dent Tyler, work was begun on the Kaval Observ%fcory, now 
known as the National Observatory. 

There can, be little doubt that the excellence of the work 
done by Oilliss himself, with his limited opportunities, did 
much to hasten the establishment of the observatory , and there 
is in this connection a traditional history; Encke's Gomet 
appeared in 1842, and was promptly observed by him. He 
read a paper concerning it before the National Institute. 
Senator Preston, an enthusiastic member of that organization, 
was present at the meeting. When Oilliss, still a very young 
man, shortly afterward made a visit to the Senate committee- 
room, the Senator remarked to him : ^' If you are the one who 
gave us notice of the comet, I will do all I can to help yon." 

A week afterwards a bill passed the Senate and the House 
without formal discussion. The appropriation was $25,000, 
and although it was expressly for the establishment of a 
depot of charts and instruments, the report of the commit- 


tee which had secnred it was so emphatically in favor of 
astroDomical, roeteorologica], and magnetic work that the 
Secretary of the Xavy felt justified in assuming that Con- 
gress had sanctioned the broadest project for an observatory. 
Oilliss was at once sent abroad to obtain instruments and plans, 
while Lient. Matthew F. Maury was placed in charge of the 
depot, and when the observatory was completed in 1844 became 
its superintendent. 

Maury's attitude towards astronomical work has been 
severely criticised, and, I think, misunderstood. He was, 
first of all, an enthusiastic officer of the Navy ; second, an 
astronomer, and he deemed it appropriate that the chief effort 
of the office should be directed toward work which had a direct 
professional bearing. Although not neglecting astronomy (for 
under his direction two volumes of astronomical observations 
were published), his own attention, and oftentimes that of 
almost the entire office was devoted to hydrographic subjects. 
The work which he had accomplished was of the greatest 
practical importance to navigation, and nothing of a scientific 
natute up to that time accomplished in America received such 
universal attention and praise from abroad. 

His personal popularity and his infiuence were very great, 
and the necessity for the maintenance of a national observa- 
tory was not in his day fullj^ appreciated by the public. It 
is not aft all impossible that, indirectly, through his meteoro- 
logical and hydrographic work, he may have done more for 
the ultimate and permanent welfare of the ^N'ational Observa- 
tory than could have been possible through exclusive attention 
to work of a purely astronomical character. 

In 1861 Gilliss again became the superintendent, and under 
his direction the Observatory took rank among the first in the 

Before leaving the subject of the Observatory, reference 
should be made to astronomical work almost national in char- 
acter accomplished in colonial days at Philadelphia under the 
direction of the American Philosophical Society, by which a 
committee of thirteen was appointed to make observations 
upon the transit of Venus in 1769. 

Three temporary observatories were built, one in Phil^el- 
phia, one at Norristown, and one at Cape Henlopen. Instru- 
ments were imported from England, one of them a reflecting 
telescope with a Dollond micrometer, purchased in London by 


Dr. Franklin with money voted by the assembly of Pennsyl- 
vania. The transit was saccessfnlly observed and an elaborate 
report was published. 

This enterprise is worthy of mention, beoause it was the first 
serious astronomical work ever nndertaken in this conntry. 
Being under the auspices of the only scientific society then in 
existence, it was in some sense a national effort. Had not 
the Revolution taken pla^e, it would undoubtedly have re- 
salted in the establishment of a well equipped observatory in 
this country under the auspices of the home government. Dr. 
Thomas Ewing, the Provost of the University of Pennsyl- 
vania, who seems to have been the first to propose the ob- 
servations of 1769, and under whose direction they were 
carried on, visited Loudon a few years later, and while there 
made interest with Lord North, the Prime-Minister, and with 
Mr. Maskelyne, the AstronomerBoyal, for the establishment 
of an observatory in Philadelphia, and that his efforts gave 
great promise of success may be shown by the letter here pre- 
sented, addressed |;o him by Mr. Maskelyne in 1775. 

Greenwich, Angusi 4, 1775. 
Sir : I received yoar late favor, together with your observations of the 
comet of 1770) and some (copies) of that of 1769, for which I thank yon. 
I shall commuQioate (them) to the Royal Society as you give me leave. 
In the present nnhappy sitnation of American affairs, I have not the least 
idea that anything can be done towards erecting an observatory at Phila- 
delphia, and therefore can not think it proper for me to take a part in any 
memorial you may think proper to lay before my Lord North at present. 
I do not mean, however, to discourage yon from presenting a memorial from 
yourself. Wexe an observatory to be erected in that city, I do not know 
any person there more capable of taking care of it than yourself. Should 
Lord North do me the honor to ask my opinion about the utility of erecting 
an observatory at Philadelphia, I should then be enabled to speak out, 
being always a well-wisher to the promotion of science. You did not dis- 
tinguish whether the times of your observations were apparent or mean 

I am, your most humble servant, 

N. Maskelyne. 
Bev. Dr. Ewing, 

No. 25, Ludgate Street. 

In this connection mention should be made of the extended 
astronomical work done from 1763 to 1767, by Charles Mason, 
an assistant of Maskelyne, and Jeremiah Dixon, while survey- 
ing the bonudary line between Pennsylvania and Maryland, 
and especially of the successful measurement by them of a 


meridian of latitade. Mason was a man of hififh scientific stand- 
ing, bnt, though he became a citizen of Philadelphia, where he 
died in 1787, little is known of him beyond the record of his 
scientific work. He had been one of the observers of a transit of 
Yenns at the Cape of Good Hope in 1761, and it was no doubt 
he who inspired the American Philosophical Society to its effort 
in 1769. 

Another event in the Adams administration was the begin- 
ning of the National Botanic Garden. The foundation of such 
an institution was one of the earliest of the projects tor the im- 
provement of the capital. Washington decided that it should 
be closely connected with the National IJnlversityi on the site 
now occupied by the National Observatory, and stipulated that, 
should this site not be found available, another spot of ground, 
appropriated on the early maps to a marine hospital, might be 
substituted. The Columbian Institute, already referred to, 
had begun the formation of an arboretum as early as 1^22, and 
in 1839 applied unsuccessfully to Congress for an appropria- 
tion to re-imburse it for its expenditures. Th^re was, however, 
no definite foundation until 1852, when the numerous living 
plants which had been brought back by the Wilkes Exploring 
Expedition in the Pacific, and which had for several years been 
kept in greenhouses adjoining the Patent Office, in which the 
natural-history collections of the expedition were kept, were 
removed to the present site of the Botanical Garden on the 
south side of Pennsylvania Avenue just west of the Capitol. 
This garden was first under the direction of Mr. W. D. Brack- 
enridge, who had been the horticulturist of the Wilkes Expe- 
dition. Mr. Brackenridge was succeeded by Mr. William B. 
Smith, a pupil of the Kew Botanical Garden, who has since 
been in charge of the establishment, and through whose industry 
it has been developed into a most creditable iustitutiou, which, 
it is hoped, may in time have an opportunity to exhibit its merits 
in a more suitable and less crowded locality. 

Under Jackson, from 1829 to 1837, notwithstanding the re- 
markable commercial prosperity', and an almost equal advance 
in literature, science did not prosper, and of actual progress 
there is little to record. The Coast survey was reorganized 
under its original superintendent, Hassler, in 1832, and Fea^er- 
stonehaugb, an English geologist, made, in 1834, a reconnois- 
sance in the elevated region between the Missouri and the Bed 


y&n Bnren's administration, which began in 1837 and ended 
in 1841, presents more points of interest, for althongh the 
conntry was in a state of ftnancial depression, his Oabinet was 
composed of extremely liberal and pnblic-spirited men. Poin- 
sett as Secretary of War, Kennedy as Secretary of the Navy, 
and other public men did much to promote science. 

The United States Exploring Expedition was sent out undef 
Capt Charles Wilkes, on a voyage of circnmnavig&.tion. Al- 
though published in an extremely limited edition, the magnifi- 
cent volumes of its report are among the classics of scientific 

The Wilkes Expedition was the first of a series of naval ex- 
plorations which have contributed largely to science— Lynch's 
«* Dead Sea Expedition," Oilliss's '' Naval Astronomical Expe- 
dition " to Chili, Herndon and Oibbons's ^^ Exploration of the 
Valley of the Amazons, " Page's Paraguay Expedition, the 
**Crui8eof the Dolphin," Perry's Japan Expedition, Kogers's 
North Pacific Exploring Expedition, and the various expedi- 
tions made under the Hydrographic Office and the Coast Sur- 

In 1840 two important national societies were founded, the 
National Institution for the Promotion of Science, and the 
American Society of Geologists and !9aturalists, — the one an 
association with a great membership, scientific and otherwise, 
including a large number of. government officials ; the other 
composed exclusively of professional naturalists. 

The purpose of each was the advancement of the scientific 
interests of the nation, which seemed more likely to receive 
substantial aid, now that the money bequeathed by Smithson 
was lying in the Treasury vaults, waiting to be used. 

The National Institution under the leadership of Joel B. 
Poinsett, of South Carolina, then Secretary of War, assisted by 
General J. J. Abert, F. A. Markoe, and others, had a short but 
brilliant career, which endured until the close of the Tyler 
administration, and had an important influence on public 
opinion, bringing about in the minds of the people and of Con- 
gress a disposition to make proper use of the Smithson be- 
quest, and which also did much to prepare the way for the 
National Museum. The extensive collections of the National 
Institution and those of the Wilkes Expedition, and other gov- 
ernment surveys were in time merged with those of the Smith- 
sonian Institution, and having been greatly increased at the 



close of the Oenteunial ExpositioD, began in 1879 to receive 
sabstantial support from Congress. 

The Society of Oeologists was not so prominent ^t the time, 
but it has had a longer history, for in 1850 it became the Ameri- 
can Association for the Advancement of Science. Although it 
dated its origin from 1840, it was essentially a revival and con- 
tinuation of the old American Geological Society , organized 
September 6, 1S19, in the Philosophical Koom of Yale College, 
and in its day a most impoitaut body. Its members, following 
European usage, appended to their names the symbols '' M^ A. 
6. S., ^ and among them were many distinguished men, for at 
that time almost every one who studied any other branch of 
science, cultivated geology also. 

The American Association prepared the way lor the National 
Academy of Sciences, which was established by Congress in 
1863, having for its first president, Alexander Dallas Bache, 
who in his presidential address at the second meeting of the 
American Association, twelve year« before, had pointed out the 
fact that ^^an institution of science supplementary to existing 
ones is much needed to guide public action in reference toscien- 
tiflc matters," * and whose personal influence was very potent 
in bringing that institution into existence. In advocating be- 
fore Congress the plan for the National Academy of Sciences, 
Senator Sumner avowedly followed the lead of Joel Barlow, the 
projector of the National Institution in 1806.t 

The system of national scientific organizations, thus inaugu- 
rated, is still expanding. Within the past few years, there 
have sprung into existence a considerable number of learned 
societies devoted to special subjects, usually with unlocalized 

* '^ Proceedings of the American Association for the Advancement of 
Science, 1851, " pp. CJ and 48. 

tThe idea of an Academy of Sciences with unlocalized membership and, like 
the Royal Society and the French Academy, holding advisory relations with 
the general government, appears to have been present in the minds of many 
of the early statesmen. Washington, in his project for a groat national uni- 
versity, doubtless intended to include every thing of this kind. Joel Barlow 
luid Thomas Jefferson at the beginning of the century were engage^ in oor- 
reepondence *' about learned societies, universities and public instruction." 
John Adams in a letter to Cutler, dated Quincy, May 1, 1802, referred to a 
scheme for the establishment of a national academy of arts and sciences, in 
which Mitchell, of New York, was interested, and which was to come up for 
discussion at a meeting in that city in tl^e following month. Life of Hai)- 
ass^h Cntjer, ii., p. 87. 


membership, and holding meetings from year to year in differ- 
ent cities. Among these are those named below : 

The American Anatomical Society. 

The American Dialect Society. 

The American Folk-lore Society. 

The Amorican Greographical Society 
(of New York) and the National 

- Geographic Society (of Washing- 

The American Geological Society. 

The American Historical Association . 

The American Institute of Mining 

The American Meteorological So- 

The American Metrological Society. 

The American Oriental Society. 

The American Ornithologistfi* Union. 

The American Philological Associa- 

The American Physiological Society. 

The American Society of Naturalists. 

Tlie American Society for Psychical 

The Archeeological Institu^ of Amer- 

The Botanical Club of the American 

The Franklin Institute. 

That the organization of such societies had been so long de- 
layed, was perhaps due to the fact that during the first six de- 
cades of the century the number of scieutitic investigators was 
comparatively small, and scientific work of original character 
was confined to a few of the large cities, so that local organiza- 
tions, supplemented by the annual summer meetings of the 
American Associationfor the Advancement of Science, answered 
all needs. Since the close of the civil war, and of the period of 
ten years which elapsed before our country was restored to com- 
mercial prosperity, and indeed ^before it had begun to fully feel 
the effects of the great scientific renaissance which originated in 
1869 with the publication of Darwin's " Origin of Species,'^ there 
has been a great increase in the number of persons whose time 
is chiefly devoted to original scientific work. 

Nothing has contributed so materially to this state of affairs 
as the passage by Congress in 1862 of the billf introduced by 
the Hon. Justin b. Morrill, of Vermont, to establish scientific 
^nd industrial educational institutions in every State, sup- 
plemented in 18d7 by the Hatch bill for the founding of the 
agricultural experimen t stations. * The movement was at first 
nnpopnlar among American educators, but after a quarter of a 
century of trial the land-grant college system has not only 
demonstrated its right to exist, but is by many regarded as 

* See App. D, and also A. C. Trne^s '^A Brief Account of the Experiment 
Station Movement in the United States," U. S. Department of Agricnltnre, 
Experiment Station BnUetin No. i, 1889, pp. 73-78, 

S. Mis. 170 8 


forming one of the chief strongholds of oar national scientific 
prosperity. • 

One of the most important effects of the movement has been 
to stimnlate the establishment of State scientific schools and 
universities, and every one of the forty-two commonwealths has 
already a university or a college performing, or intended to 
perform, university functions. 

It is worthy of remark that with six exceptions every State 
has in less than twenty years of its admission had a State col- 
lege or university of its own. Only twelve have delayed moro 
than ten years, and fifteen have come into the Union already 
equipped. Ten of these were colonies and original States. 
All bue one of the remainder were those admitted iu 1889, for 
each of our four new States was provided with the nucleus 
of a State university before it sought admission to the Union. 
Twenty -eight of the State and Territorial universities had 
their origin in laud-grants from the General Government other 
than those for agricultural and mechanical colleges.! 

The completeness of the State system of scientific educa- 
tional institutions is in marked contrast with that of the sci- 
entific societies in the same States, organized by the direct 
action of the people rather than by government. 

Academies of science bearing the names of the States of oar 

f The following statements were made ia a report of the Committee of the 
Hoase of Representatives, March 3; 1886 : 

** The act appropriating script to theamonnt of 30,000 acres for each Sena- 
tor and Representative in Cougross for the endowment of colleger for the 
benefit of agricnlture and the mechanic arts, which was passed in 1862, has 
been fruitful. Some of the States endowed single collegesi while others 
divided the ^ift between two or three. There were 17,430,000 acres of 
script and land granted, and the fund arising from their sales is $7,545,405. 
This has been increased by gifts from the States and from benevolent indi- 
viduals of grounds, buildings, and apparatus to the amount of |5, 000,000 
more. And the last reports show that these colleges employed more than 
four hundred professors, and had under instruction nioro than four thousand 
students. This donation of the public funds haa been eminently profitable 
for the Qovernment and the country. Many thousands of young men edu- 
cated in science have already gone out from their colleges to engage in the 
practical duties of life, and the provision is made for sending out a con- 
tinued succession of these for all future time. And as science is not limited 
by State boundaries, it makes but little difference for the common good 
which of these institutions or States these graduates come from ; their at- 
tainments are for the common good." 

t See Appendix £, and also F. W. Blackmar's '' History of Federal and 
State Aid to Higher Education," etc., Washington, 1800. 


confederation and often sanctioned by their laws, may be re- 
garded as in some sense national. Although nearly all of our 
States have historical societies, only twelve of the forty-two 
have academies of science, or organizations which are their 
equivalent. That there should be in 1889 thirty States with- 
out academies of science, and fourteen States and Territories 
in which there are no scientific societies of any description what- 
ever, is a noteworthy fact.* 

During Van Buren's presidency, tiie Department of Agri- 
culture had its formal beginning. 

The chief promoter of this idea was Henry L. Ellsworth, of 
Connecticut, Commissioner of Patents, whose efforts cnlmi> 
nated twenty*six years later in the establishment of a depart- 
ment, and, after another period of twenty-six years, in the 
elevation of the head of that department to the dignity of a 
Cabinet officer. Ellsworth began work by distributing seeds 
and plants for experimental culture, acquiring these without 
expense, and sending them out under the frauks of friendly 
Congressmen. After three years (in 1839) Congress rebognized 
the value of the work in this direction by appropriatiug $1,000 
from the Patent Office fund to enable him to collect and dis- 
tribute seeds, to collect agricultural statistics, and to make 
agricultural investigations. Appointed by Jackson in 1836, 
Ellsworth served through the two successive terms of Van 

*Tiie following Is a list of those already in ezisteDce: 

State Acadkmibs op Scibnck, etc.| 1890. 

California, — The CaliforDia Academy of Sciences, San Francisco, 1854. 

Columbia, — The Affiliated Scientific Societies of Washington City ; 
The Philosophical Society, 1871 ; The Anthropological Society, 1879 ; 
The Biological Society, 1880 ; The Chemical Society, 1889 ; The Na- 
tional Geographic Society, 1888. 

Connecticut. — ^The Connecticnt Academy of Arts and Sciences, 1799. 

Indiana. — The Indiana Academy of Sciences, 1885. 

Iowa*— The Iowa Academy of Sciences, Iowa City, 1^5. 

Kansas. — The Kansas Academy of Science, Topeka, 1868. 

Marytand. — The Maryland Academy of Sciences, Baltimore, 1822. 

Maisaohusetta. — The American Academy of Arts and Sciences, Boston, 

Minneaota, — ^The Minnesota Academy of Natural Sciences^ Minne- 
apolis, 1873. 

Miuouri. — The St. Louis Academy of Science, St. Lonis, 1867. ' 

Kew York. — The New York Academy of Science, New York City, 1817., 

Prami^Jvaitta.— The American Philosophical Society, Philadel]^hia, 1743. 

WiBconHn. — Wisconsin Academy of Arts, Science, and Letters, Madi* 
BOD, 1870. 


Buren aud Tyler, and in his nine years of official work his de- 
votion to the interests of agricaltnre prodnoed excellent results, 
and placed the service on a firm fonndation. Though ^N'ewton 
wa8 in name the first commissioner of agriculture, Ellsworth 
deserves to be kept in memory as the real founder of the de- 

The appropriations at first were insignificant, and occasion- 
ally, as in 184 1, 1842, and 1846, Congress seemn to have for- 
gotten to make any provision whatever for the work, which 
consequently went forward under difficulties. In 1853 the 
first appropriation directly for agriculture was made, in 1855 
the whole amount up to that time withdrawn for this pnrpose 
from the Patent Office fund was re-imbursed, and from that 
time on the money grants became yearly larger, and the work 
was allowed slowly to expand. The seed work increased, and 
in 1856 a propagating garden was begun. The agricultural 
report, which began in 1841, and was until 1863 printed as a 
part of that of the Patent Office, became yearly more exten- 
sive, and showed a general average annual growth in value. In 
1854 work in economic entomology began, with the appointment 
of Townend Glover to investigate and report upon the habits 
of insects, injurious and beneficial to agriculture. In 1855 the 
chemical aud botanical divisions were inaugurated. 

David P. Holloway, of Indiana, the thirteenth Commissioner 
of Patents, was instrumental in effecting a most important re- 
form in the scientific administration of the Government. In 
his first annual report, made in January, 1862, he advocated 
enthusiastically the creation of a Department of the Pro- 
ductive Arts, to be charged with the care of agriculture and 
all the other industrial interests of the country, and he was so 
far successful that on May 15 Congress established the Depart- 
ment of Agriculture. The first Commissioner was Isaac "Sew- 
ton, who had been for a year or more Superintendent of the Agri- 
cultural Division of the Paten t Office. From 1862 to 1 889 there 
were six Commissioners : Newton (1862-'67), Capron (1867-'71), 
Watts (l871-'77), Le Due (1877-'81), Loriug (1881-^85), and 
Coleman (1885-'89), and under the administration of each 
important advances were made, and the value of the work 
became yearly greater. Buildings were erected, a chemical 
laboratory established, the departments of animal industry, 
economic ornithology and mammalogy, pomology, veget:ible 
pathology, silk culture, microscopic, forestry, and experiment 


stations were^ added, and the system of publications greatly 
extended. The Department, as now organized, is one of the 
most vigorous of our national scientilic institutions, and with 
its powerful staff and close affiliations with the forty-six State 
agricultural experiment stations, manned as they are by 
nearly four hundred trained investigators, it has possibilities 
for the future which can scarcely be overestimated.* 

The term of the ninth President was too short to afford 
matter for comment. It should be mentioned, h6w6ver, that 
General Harrison published in Cincinnati in 1838 ^'A Discourse 
on the Aborigines of the Valley of the Ohio," and was the only 
' President, except Jefferson and John Quincy Adams, who has 
ever produced a treatise upon a scientilic theme. 

* The first agricultoral '' ezperimeut Btatioo " auder that specific desig- 
nation ill the United States was established at Middletown, Conn., in 1875, 
by the joint action of Mr. Orange J add, the trustees of the University at 
Middletown, and the Stat-e Legislature, with Prof. W. O. Atwater, as 
director, and was located in the '^Crauge Jadd Hall of Natural Science.'' 
The example was speedily followed elsewhere, so that in 1880 there were 
four, and in 1886 some seventeen of these institutions in fourteen States. 
The appropriation 1)y Congress of 1 15,000 per annum to each of the States 
and Territories which havd established agricultural colleges, or agricul- 
tural departments of colleges, has led to the establishment of new 
statioua or the increased development of stations previously established 
under State authority, so that there are to-day forty-six stations in the 
United States. Several of these have sub-stations working under their 
management. Every State has at least one station, several have two, 
one has three, and Dakota has set the Territories an example by establish- 
ing one within her boundaries. 

These forty *six stations employ nearly 400 men in the prosecution of ex- 
perimental inquiry. The appropriation by the ^United States Govern- 
ment for the current year, for them and for the Office of Experiment Sta- 
tions in this Department, is $G00,000. The several States appropriate 
ab^nt $125,000 in addition, making the sum total of about $725,000 given 
from public fnnds the present year for the support of agricultural experi- 
ment stations in the United States. 

'' Of all the scientific enterprises which the Government has under- 
taken," wrote Secretary Colemau, '^ scarcely any other has impressed its 
value upon the people and their representatives in the State and national 
legislatures so speedily and so strongly as thin. The rapid growth of an 
enterprise for elevating agriculture by the aid of science, its espousal by 
the United States Government, its development to its present dimensions 
in the short period of fourteen years, and, finally, the favor with which it 
is receiveil by the public at large, are a striking illustration of the apprd- 
ciatiou on the part of the American people of the wisdom and the use- 
fulness of calling the highest science to the aid of the arts and industries 
of life." 


In 1841 John Tyler, of Virginia, became President. His pe- 
riod of administration was a stormy one, and the atmosphere 
of Washington at that time was not favorable for scientific 
progress. Daring this administration, however, important re- 
forms took place in the organization of the Navy, which resulted 
in great benefit to science. These were largely the result of 
the interest of Hon. A. P. Upshur, Secretary of the Navy, at 
whose instance President Tyler abolished the existing Board 
of Naval Commissioners, and vested the authority formerly 
exercised by them in separate bureaus. To many of the press- 
ing necessities for reform of the service. Lieutenant Maury 
had called attention in his essays, published in the Southern 
Literary Messenger j under the title of ^' Scraps from a Lucky 
Bag," and over the signature of " Harry BluflF.'^- As a result 
of this movement, experiments in applying steam to war ves- 
sels were actively prosecuted, and the first bill was passed for 
the establishment at Annapolis of the U. S. Naval Academy, 
finally accomplished in 1845, and a little later (in 1848) the po- 
sition of the professors of mathematics in the Navy was digni- 
fied and improved, and their numbers limited, with manifest 
advantage to the scientific service of the Government.* 

Indirectb', the reorganization of the Navy had a powerful 
influence in the development of the Coast Survey', which was 
reorganized in 1843-'44, with Alexander Dallas Bache as its 
superintendent, for this new system afforded ample means to 
that organization for ascertaining the topography of this coast, 
and making contributions to the science of ocean physics. 

Another enterprise was the sendingof the Fremont exploring 
expedition to California and Oregon. 1 1 is interesting to know 
that Captain Fremont was appointed the leader of this expe- 
dition against the Indignant protests of the topographical en- 
gineers, who insisted that a graduate of West Point should be 

• The narnea of W. K. Chanveuet, J. H. C. Coffin, Mordecal Yaniall, Jo- 
seph Wiulock, Simou Newcoiub, Anaph Hall, William HarkDefM, and J. R. 
EastmaQ are a few of thoso to be foand on this list of astronomers and math- 

t The secrethistory of this appointment is told a8 follows by Dr. Silas Heed, 

of Boston, In Lyon G. Tyler's *' Letters and Times of the Tylers " (ii, p. 696). 

'* I called upon Mr. Tyler the next day and found him about as well pleased 

over the result as I was, as it constituted a triumph that had never been 


The final e8taY)li8hm6nt of the Naval Observatory took place 
also at this time. The history of this enterprise from the scien- 
tific stand-point, has already been discussed, but it may be well 
to note that it derived its chief political support firom Mr. Up- 
shnr, then Secretary of the Navy.* 

achieved before (nor since), ae shown by the annals of the Senate. While 
la this pleasant mood, the President asked me if I could not suggest some 
means by which he might soften the asperities of Senator Benton towards 
him and hiH administration. In an instant the thought passed through my 
mind as to how he could best accomplish his wish. I said, ** You have it 
in your power ^ touch his heart through his domestic afflictions. Six 
months ago his pride was humbled by the marriage of his highly educated 
daughter, Jessie, to a mere lieutenant of the United States Engineer Corps, 
and he refused them his house, I have just learned that lately he invited 
them to return to his home, and know they have done so. Now, you have a 
chance to gladden the Senator's pride and by so doing serve both yourself 
and the country by taking Lieutenant Fremont by the hand and giving^ 
him a chance to rise in the world by appointing him to head an expedition 
to explorethe Rocky Mountains and some part of the Pacific coast." 

Mr. Tyler thought it might stir an excitement with the higher grade offi- 
cers of the engineer corps (as it did), and that he might not be fully com- 
petent to execute the high duties entrusted to him. I replied that these 
objections need not preyent his appointment, for Lieutenant Fremont had 
■pent the last two years aiding the eminent French scientist, Nicollet, in 
taking the hydrography of the valley of the Mississippi, and must be familiar 
with all instruments and modes of using them in such an expedition, and 
even if he should not prove judicious in selecting scientific men suitable 
for that part of his corps, he would have the able assistance of Colonel 
Benton and his talented wife to fall back upon ; and that Senator Benton, 
on the return of Mr. Fremont, would receive, examine, and present his re- 
port to the Senate, and take great pride in making an eloquent speech of 
it (as he did), and thus cause the American reader to examine and well 
consider its instructive contents, all of which events took place, and the 
report of his first, if not his second, expedition gained sufficient notoriety 
to insure its republication in Qerman. 

At the close of our interview the President, in his most earnest manner, 
said : " I will at once appoint Lieutenant Fremont to the head of such an 
expedition and start him off this spring, so that the country may know as 
soon as possible what to say and believe of that vast and unknown region, 
and I shall learn how much effort to expend in striving to acquire it by 
purchase from Mexico by the time that Texas can be annexed." 

Fremont ma4e ready to start from St. Louis with his expedition as soon 
as there was green grass to subsist his auimals upon, with an outfit of fifty 
to sixty men; after leaving Independence, &Io., he moved up the Platte 
Biver and its north branches to the old " South Pass," and thence to the 
bead waters of Snake (or Letv is) River, and]down it and the Columbia River 
to Astoria, thus avoiding Mexican territory, but kept close along its north- 
ern l>order until after he entered Oregon Territory. 

• " Letters and Times of the Tylers," by Lyon Gardner Tyler, ii p. 387. 


To this period belongs also the promotion of experiments 
with the electric telegraph by our Government. The line from 
Washington to Baltimore was erected by means of an appro- 
l>riation of $30,000, the passage of which was warmly urged 
by the President, who fifteen years later wrote the following 
letter, full of historical reminiscences. 

Sherwood Forest, September 1, 1S58. 

To his honor the mayor ^ and to the honorable the common council 
of the city of New York : 

Gentlemen : In consequence of my absence from this place. 
I did not receive until to-day your polite invitation to be pres- 
ent at the festivities of today, and the municipal dinner to be 
given to Cyrus W. Field, esq., and others at the Metropolitan 
Hotel to-morrow, in commemoration of the laying of the '< At- 
lantic cable." To be present, therefore, at the time appointed 
is a thing impossible. All that I can do is to express my cor- 
dial concurrence with yon in according all praise to those 
through whose indomitable energy this great work has been 

When, in 1843, a modest and retired gentleman, the favored 
child of science, called upon me at the Executive Mansion, to 
obtain from me some assurance of my co-operation with him 
in procuring from Gon&ress a small appropriation to enable 
him to test his great invention ; and when at an after-day I had 
the satisfaction of placing my signature in approval of the act 
making an appropriation of $30,000, to enable him to connect 
Washington with Baltimore by his telegraph wire; and when 
at a still later day I had the pli;asure, from the basement of the 
Gapitol to exchange greetings with the Chief-Justice of the 
United States, who was at the Baltimore end of the line, I con- 
fess that it had not entered my mind that not only was light- 
ning to become the messenger of thought over continents of 
dry land, but that the same all pervading agent was to descend 
into the depths of the ocean, far below the habitations of living 
things, and over these fathomless depths to convey, almost in 
the twinkling of an eye, tidings from nation to nation, and con- 
tinent to continent. To the great inventor of this, the greatest 
invention, is due the laurel wreath that can never wither, and 
to those that have given it a habitation and a home in the 
waters of the great deep all praise is due. 

With sentiments of high consideration, I have the honor to 
be, most respectfully and truly yours, etc., 

John Tyler. 

President Polk served from 1845 to 1849. During this period 
was organized the Smithaouian Institution, which, though it 
l)ears the name of a private citizen and a foreigner, has been 
for nearly half a century one of the principal rallying points 
of the scientific workers of America. It has also been inti- 


mately conQectod with very mauy of the most important scieD- 
lific undertakiugs of the Ooveromeht. 

Mauy wise and eolightened scholars have given to the Smith- 
sonian Institution the best years of their lives, and some of the 
most eminent Bcientific men of our country have passed their 
entire life-time in work for its success. Its publications, six hun- 
dred and seventy in number, which when combined make up 
over one hundred dignified volumes, are to be found in every 
important library in the world, and some of them, it is safe to 
say, on the working-table of every scientific investigator in 
the world who can read English. 

Through these books, through the reputation of the men who 
have worked for it and through it, and through the good ac- 
complished by its system of international exchange, by means 
of which within the past thirty-eight years 1,262,114 packages 
of books and other scientific and literary materials have been 
distributed to every region of the earth, it has acquired a repu- 
tation at least as far-reaching as that of any other institution 
of learning in the world. 

No one has been able to show why Smithson selected the 
United States as the seat of his foundation. He had no ac- 
quaintances in America, nor does he appear to have had any 
books relating to America except two. Bhees quotes from one 
of these, ^< Travels through North America," by Isaac Weld, 
secretary of the Boyal Society, a paragraph concerning Wash- 
ington, then a small town of five thousand inhabitants, in which 
it is predicted that '^ the Federal city, as soon as navigation 
is perfected, will increase most rapidly, and that at a future day, 
if the affairs of the United States go on as rapidly as they have 
done, it will become the grand emporium of the West, and rival 
in magnitude and splendor the cities of the whole world.'^ 

Inspired by a belief in the future greatness of the new 
nation, realizing that while the needs of England were well 
met by existing organizations such as would not be likely to 
spring up for many years in a new, poor, and growing country, 
he founded in the new England an institution of learning, the 
civilizing power of which has been of incalculable value. Who 
can attempt to say what the condition of the United States 
would have been today without this bequest! 

In the words of John Quincy Adams: 

Of all ihe foundations of establishments for pious or charitable uses which ever 
Hifnaliged the spirit of the age^ or the comprehensive beneficence of the founder, 
none can be named more deserritig the approbation of mankind. 


The most important service by far which the Smithsonian 
Institution has rendered to the nation has been that from year 
to year since 1846 — ^intangible, but none the less appreciable — 
has been its constant cooperation with the Government, public 
institutions, and individuals in every enterprise, scientific or 
educational, which needed its advice, support; or aid from its 

There have been, however, material results of its activities, 
the extent of which can not fail to impress any one who will 
look at them ; the most important of these are the library and 
the museumy which have grown up under its fostering care. 

The library has been accumulated without aid from the Treas- 
ury of the United (States : it has, in fact, been the result of an 
extensive system of exchanges, the publications of the institu- 
tion having been used to obtain similar publications from insti- 
tutions of learning in all parts of the world. 

In return for its own publications the Institution has received 
the great collection of books which form its library. 

This library, consisting of moi*e than a quarter of a million 
volumes and parts of volumes, has for over twenty years been 
deposited at the Capitol as a portion of the Congressional Li- 
brary, and is constantly being increased. In the last fiscal year 
nineteen thousand titles were thus added to the national collec- 
tion of books. 

Chiefly through its exchange system the Smithsonian had, in 
1865, accumulated about forty thousand volumes, largely publi- 
cations of learned societies, containing the record of the actual 
progress of the world in all that i>ertains to the mental and 
physical development of the human family, and affording the 
means of tracing the history of at least every branch of positive 
science since the days of revival of letters until the present 

These books, in many cases presents from old European 
libraries, and not to be obtained by purchase, formed even then 
one of the best collections of the kind in the world. 

The danger incurred from the fire of thnt year, and the fact 
that the greater portion of these volumes, being unbound and 
crowded into insufficient space, could not be readily consulted, 
while the expense to be incurred for this binding, enlarged 
room, and other purposes connected with their use threatened 
to grow beyond the means of the Institution, appear to have 
been the moving causes ^hich determined the regents to accept 


an arrangement by wbich Oongress was to place the Smith- 
sonian library with its own in the Capitol, subject to the right 
of the Regents to withdraw the books on paying the charges 
of binding, etc. Owing to the same causes (which have affected 
the library of Congress itself) these principal conditions, ex- 
cept as regartls their custody in a fireproof building, have never 
been fulfilled. 

The books are still deposited chiefly in the Capitol, but 
though they have now increased from 40,000 to fully 250,000 
volumes and parts of volumes, forming one of the most val- 
uable collections of the kind in existence, they not only re- 
main unbound, but in a far more crowded and inacessible con- 
dition than they were before the transfer. It is hardly neces- 
sary to add that these facts are deplored by no one more than 
by the Librarian of Congress. 

The purchasing power of the publications of the Institution, 
when ofifored in exchange, is far greater than that of money, 
and its benefit is exerted chiefly iu behalf of the National 
Library, and also, to a considerable extent, in behalf of the 
National museum. 

The amount expended during the past forty years from the 
private fund of the Institution, in the publicatiou of books for 
gratuitous distribution, has been $350,000, a sum nearly half 
as great as the original Smithson bequest. 

These pnblications have had their influence for good in 
many ways, but iu addition to this, a library much more than 
equal in value to the outlay has, through tbeir buying power, 
come into the possession of the nation. 

In addition to all this, a large amount of material has been 
acquired for the Museum by direct expenditure from the pri- 
vate fund of the Smithsonian Institution. The value of the 
collections thus acquired is estimated to be more than equal 
to the whole amount of the Smithsonian bequest. 

The early history of the Museum was much like that of the 
library. It was not until 1858 that it became the authorized 
depository of the scientific collections of the Government — and 
it was not until after 1876 that it was ofiicially recognized as 
the National Museum of the United States. 

But for the provident foretliought of the organizers of th« 
Smithsonian Institution, the United States would probably 
still be without even a reputable nucleus for a National Mu- 
seum, or a scientific library. 


For nearly half a centary the f ostitution has been ihe object 
of the watchful care of many of America's most enlightened 
public men. Vice-Presidents Fillmore and Dallas, and Boger 
B. Taney, Salmon P. Chase, Morrison B. Waite, and Melville 
W. Faller, chief-Justices of the United States, have in succes- 
sion occupied the Chancellor's chair. George Bancroft, John C. 
Breckinridge, Lewis Cass, Bufns Ohoate, Samuel S. Cox, 
Schuyler Colfax, Garrett Davis, Jefterson Davis, Stephen A. 
Douglas, William H. English, William P. Fessenden, James 
A. Garfield, Hannibal Hamlin, Henry W. Hilliard, George P. 
Marsh, James M. Mason, Justin S. Morrill, Robert Dale Owen, 
James A. Pearce, William C. Preston, Kichard Bush, General 
W. T. Sherman, Lyman Trumbull, and William A. Wheeler 
have been at various times leaders in the deliberations of the 
Board of Begents. 

The representatives of science on the board, Professor Agas- 
siz, Professor Bache, Professor Coppee, Professor Dana, General 
Delafleld, Professor Felton, Profvssor Gray, Professor McLean, 
General Meigs, President Porter, General Totten, and Dr. Wel- 
ling have usually held office for Um^^ pei iods of years, and have 
given to its affairs the most careful attention and thought. 

The relation of the Smithsonian Institution to the Govern- 
ment has been unique and unparalleled elsewhere. No one 
will question the assertion that the results of fts work have 
been far wider than those which its annual reports have ever 
attempted to show forth. 

During the administration of Van Buren and the succeeding 
ones. Governmental science, stimulated by Bache, Henry, and 
Maury, scientific administrators of a new and more vigorous 
type than had been previously known in Washington, rapidly 
advanced, and prior to 1861 the institutions then existing had 
made material progress. 

Those of more recent growth, such as the Army Medical 
Museum, founded in 1863,* the Bureau of Education, founded 
in 1867,f the Fish Commission, founded in 1870,| the Bureau of 

*See J. 8. Billings: *^ Medical Museums, with Special Reference to the 
Army Medical Museum at Washington.'' President's address, delivered 
before the Congress of American Physicians and Surgeons, September S30, 

tSee the eighteei: annnal reports of the Commission of Education. 

tSee 0. Brown Qoode: ^* The Status of the U. S. Fish Commission in 
1884," etc. Washington, l«c;4. 


Ethnology, founded in 1879,* although not less important than 
many of those already discussed, are so recent in origin that 
the events connected with their development have not passed 
into the domain of history. 

The material results of the scientific work of the Government 
during the past ten years undoubtedly surpass in extent all 
that had been accomplished during the previous hundred years 
of the independent existence of the nation. With this recent 
period the present paper has no concern, for it has been written 
from the stand-point of Carlyle, who, in "Sartor Resartus,'' 
states hiR belief that "in every phenomenon the beginning 
remains always the most notable moment." 

It is neverthless very encouraging to be assured that the 
attitude of our Government toward scientific and educational 
enterprises is every year becoming more and more in harmony 
with the hopes of the founders of our Bepublic — ^and in accord 
with the views of such men as Washington, Franklin, Jefferson, 
John Adam's, Madison, Monroe, John Quincy Adams, Gallatin, 
and Bush. 

It is also encouraging to know that the national attitude to- 
ward science is the subject of constant approving comment in 
Europe. Perhaps the most significant recent utterance was 
that of Sir Lyon Piayfair in his address before the British 
Association for the Advancement of Science, at the Aberdeen 
meeting. He said : 

On September 14, 1859, 1 sat on this platform and listened to the eloquent 
address and wise counsel of the Prince Consort. At one time a member of 
the honsehold, it was my privilege to co-operate with this illastrious prince 
in many qaestions relating to the advancement of science. I natnrall}'. 
therefore, tnrned to his presidential address to see whether I might not 
now continue those connaels which he then gave with all the breadth and 
comprehensi veness of his masterly speeches. I fonnd, as I expected, a text 
■for my own discourse in some pregnant remarks which he made upon the 
relation of science to the State. They are as follows : '^ We may be justified 
in hoping * » * that the legislature and the State will more and moro 
recognize the claims of science to their attention, so that it may no longer 
require the begging-box» but speak to the State like a favored child to its 
parent, sure of his paternal solicitude for its welfare; that the State will 
recognize in science one of its elements of strength and prosperity, to foster 
which the clearest dictates of self-interest demand.'' 

This opinion, in its broadest sense, means that the relations of science to 
the State should be made more intimate because the advance of science is 
needful to the public weal. 

* See the six annual reports of the Bureau, and the Smithsouiau reports, 


The importance of promoting science as a dnty of statecraft was well 
enongb known to tbe ancients, especially to the Greeks and Arabs, but it 
ceased to be recognized in the dark ages, and was lost to sight during tbe 
revival of letters in the fifteenth and sixteenth centnries. Germftny and 
France, which are now in snch active competition in promoting science, 
have only publicly acknowledged its national importance in recent times. 
Even in the last century, though Franco had its Lavoisier and Germany its 
Leibuitz, their Governments did not know the value of science. When the 
fonirer was condemned to death in the Reign of Terror, a petition was pre- 
sented to the rulers that his life might be spared for a few weeks in order 
tiiat he might complete some important experiments, but tbe reply was : 
"The Republic has no need of savants./' Earlier in the century the mnch- 
praised Frederick William of Prussia shonted with a loud voice, during a 
graduation oeremonyin the Universit'y of Frankfort: '* An ounce of mother- 
wii is worth a ton of university wisdom." Both France and Germany are 
now ashamed of these utterances of their rulers, and make energetic 
efforts to advance science with the aid of their national resources. More 
remarkable is it to see a young nation like the United States reserving 
150,000,000 acres of national lands for the promotion ot scientific education. 
In some respects this young country is in advance of all European nations 
in joining science to its administrative offices. Its scientific publications 
are an example to other Governments. The Minister of Agriculture is sur- 
rounded with a staff of botanists aud chemists. The Home Secretary is 
aided by a special scientific commission to investigate the habits, migra- 
tions, aud food of fishes, and the latter has at its disposal two specially 
constructed steamers of large tonnage. 

In the United Kingdom we are just beginning to understand the wisdom 
of Washington's farewell address to his countrymen when he said : ** Pro- 
mote, as an object of primary importance, institutions for the increase and 
diffusion of knowledge ; in proportion as the structure of a government 
gives force to public opinion, it is essential t&at public opinion should be 



[From tiM Pent%§ylvania QauUe, 1768. Qaoted in the MiU8aehu$eU9 (kntiMl, Saturday. 

Nov. 29, 1788.] 

''Your government can not be executed, it is too extensive for a repub- 
lick ; It is contrary to the habits of the people,'' say the enemies of the 
Constitution of the United States. However opposite to the opinions and 
wishes of a majority of the citizens of the United States those declara- 
tions and predictions may be, they will certainly come to pass, unless the 
people are prepared for our new form of government, by an education 
adapted to the new and peculiar situation of our country. To effect this 
great and necessary work, let one of the first acts of the new Congress be, 
to establish, within the district to be allotted for them, a Federal Univer- 
sity, into which the youth of the United States shall be received after 


they hare finished their stmlies and taken degrees in the colleges of their 
respective States. In this University ]et those branches of literatare only 
be taught which are calcnlated to prepare oar youtli for public and civil 
life. These branches should be taught by means of lectures, aud the fol- 
lowing arts aud sciences should be the subject of them : 

1. The principles and forms of government applied in a particular man- 
tier to the explanation of every part of the Constitution and laws of the 
United States, together with the laws of nature and nations, which last 
should include everything that relates to peace, war, treaties, ambassa- 
donrs, and the like. 

2. History, both ancient and modem, and chronology. 

3. Agriculture in all numerous and extensive branches. 

4. The principles and practice of manufactures. 

5. History, principles, objects, and channels of commerce. 

6. Those parts of mathematics which are necessary to the division of 
property, to finance, and to the principles and practice of war— for there 
is too much reason to fear that war will continue, for some time to come, to 
be the unchristian mode of deciding disputes between Christian nations. 

7. Those parts of natural philosophy and chemistry which admit of an 
application to agriculture, manufacture, commerce, and war. 

8. Natural History, which includes the history of animals, vegetables, 
and fossils. To render instrnctiou in these branches of science easy, it 
will be necessary to establish a museum, and also a gardeu, iu which not 
only all the shrubs, etc., but all the forest trees of the United States should 
be cultivated. The great Linnaeus of Upsal enlarged the commerce of 
Sweden by his discoveries in natural history, he once saved the Swedish 
Navy by finding out the time in which a worm laid its eggs and recom- 
mending the immersion of the timber of which the ships were built at that 
season wholly under water. So great were the services this illustrious 
naturalist rendered his country by the application of his knowledge to 
agriculture, manufacture, and commerce, that the present King of Sweden 
pronounced an enlogium upon him, from his throne, soon after his death. 

9. Philology, which should include, under rhetoric aud criticism, lectures 
upon the construction and pronunciation of the English language. In- 
struction in this branch of literature will become the more necessary in 
America, as our intercourse must soon cease with the bar, the stage, and 
the pulpits of Great Britain, from whence we receive our knowledge of the 
pronunciation of the English language. Ev(mi modern English books 
should oease to be the models of stile in the United States. The present 
is the age of simplicity in writing in America. The turgid stile of John- 
son, the purple glare of Gibbon, and even the studied and thickest meta- 
pbours of Junius are all equally unnatural, and should not be admitted 
into our conntry. The cultivation and perfection of our language becoiiies 
a matter of consequence when viewed in another light. It will probably 
be spoken by more people in the course of two or three centuries than ever 
spoke any one language at one time since the creation of the world. When 
we consider the influence which the prevalence of ouly two languages, viz, 
the English and the Spanish, in the extensive regions of North aud South 
America, will have upon manners, commerce, knowledge, and civilization, 
scenes of human happiness and glory open before us which elude from 
their magnitude the utmost grasp of the human understanding. 


10. The German and French languages should be tanght in this Uuiver- 
sity, the many excellent books wliich are written in both these languages 
upon all subjf^cts, more especially n{K>n those which relate to the advance- 
ment of national improvements of all kinds, will render a knowledge of 
them an essential part of the edncatio<i of a legislator of the United Stat-es. 

U. All those athletick and manly exercises should likewise be tanght in 
the University which are calculated to impart health, strength^ and ele- 
gance to the human body. 

To render the instruction of our youth as easy and extensive as xH>B8tble 
in several of the above mentioned branches of literature, let four j'onng 
men of good education and active minds be sent abroad at public ex- 
pense, to collect and transmit to the professors of the said branches all the 
improvements that are daily made in Europe in agriculture, manufactures, 
and commerce, and in the arts of war and practical government, this 
measure is rendered the more necessary from the distance of the United 
States from Europe, by which means the rays of knowledge strike the 
United States so partially that they can be brought to a useful focus, only 
by employing suitable men to collect and transmit them to our conntry. 
It is in this manner that the northern nations of Europe liave imported so 
ranch knowledge from their southern neighbors, that the history of the 
agriculture, manufactures, commerce, revenuai, and milicary art of one of 
these nations will soon be alike applicable to all of them. 

Besides sending four young men abroad to collect and transmit kuo\rledge 
for the benefit of our country, two young men of suitable capacities should 
be employed, at the public expense, in exploring the vegetable, mineral, 
and animal productions of our country, in procuring histories and samples 
of each of them, and in transmitting them to the Professor of Natural His- 
tory. It is in consequence of the discoveries made by young gentlemen em- 
ployed for these purposes, that Sweden, Denmark, and Russia have ex- 
tended their manufactures and commerce so as to rival in both the oldest 
nations in Europe. 

Let the Congress allow a liberal salary to the Principal of this Univer- 
sity. Let it be his business to govern the students, and to inspire them by 
his conversation and by his occasional publick discourses, with federal and 
patriotic sentiments. Let this Principal be a man of extensive education, 
liberal manners, and dignified deportment. 

Let the Professors of each of the branches that have been mentioned 
have a moderate salary of 150 or 200 pounds a year, and let them depend 
upon the number of their pupils to supply the deficiency of their mainte- 
nance Ironi their salaries. Let each pupil pay for each course of lectores 
two or three guineas. 

Let the degrees conferred in this University receive a new name, that 
shall designate the design of an education for civil and publick life. Should 
this plan of a Federal University, or one like it, be adopted, then will begin 
the golden age of the United States. While the business of education in 
Europe consists in lectures upon the ruins of Palmyra and the antiquities 
of Herculanenm ; or in dispute about Hebrew points, Greek particles, or 
the accent and quantity of the Roman language, the youth of America will 
be employed in acquiring those branches of knowledge which increase the 
convenience of life, lessen human misery, improve our country, promote 



population, exalt tbe human anderstanding, aad establish domestick, social, 
and political happiness. 

Let it not be said, that this is not the time for such a literary and politi- 
cal establiehment. Let ns first restore pnblick credit, by fanding or paying 
onr debts— let ns regulate oar militia— let us build a navy —and let ns pro- 
tect and extend our commerce. After this we shall have leisure and money 
to establish a University for the purposqp that have been mentioned. This 
is false reasoning. We shall never restore pnblick credit — regnlate our mi- 
litia — build a navy— or revive onr commerce, until we remove the ignorance 
and prejudices, and change the habits of onr citizens, and this can never 
be done until we inspire them with federal principles, which can only be 
effected by our young men meeting and spending two or three years to- 
gether in a National University, and afterwards disseminating their knowl- 
edge and priuciples through every county, town, and village of the United 
States.' Until this is done —Senators and Representatives of the United 
States, yon will undertake to make bricks without straw. Tour supposed 
nnion in Congress will be a rope of sand. The inhabi tan is of Massachusetts 
began the business of government by establishing the University of Cam- 
bridge, and the wisest Kings in Europe have always found their literary 
institutions thesnreet means of establishing their power, as well as promot- 
ing the prosperity of their people. 

These hints for establishing the constitution and happiness of the United 
States upon a permanent foundation are submitted to the friends of the 
federal government, in each of the States, by a Private Citizen of Penn- 



M. D., 1787. 

IReprinted from Niles's, "Principles and Acts of the Bevolntion in America, "pp. 402-404.] 

There is nothing more common than to confound the terms of American 
Revolution with those of the late American war. The American war is over, 
but this is far from being the case with the American Revolution. On the 
contrary, nothing but the first act of the great drama is closed. It remains 
yet to establish and perfect our new forms of government, and to prepare 
the principles, morals, and manners of our citizens for these for^ of gov- 
ernment after they are established and brought to perfection. 

The confederation, together with most of our State constitutions, was 
formed under very unfavorable circumstances. We had Just emerged from 
a corrupted monarchy. Although we understood perfectly the principles 
of liberty, yet most of us were Ignorant of the forms and combinations of 
power in republics. Add to this, the British army was in' the heart of our 
conntry, spreading desolation wherever it went ; Our resentments, of course, 
were awakened. We deserted the British name, and, unfortunately, re- 
fused to copy some things in the administration of justice and power in the 
British government which have made it the envy and admiration of the 
world. In our opposition to monarchy, we forgot that the temple of tyranny 

8- Mis. 170 9 • 


bas two doors. We bolted one of them by the proper vestraintSi but ve 
left the other open by neglecting to guard against the effects of oar own 
ignorance and lioentionsnees. Most of the present difficalties of this conn- 
try arise from the weakness and other defects of our governments. 
' My business at present shall be only to suggest the defects of the confed- 
eration. Theseconsist—lst. In the deficiency of coercive power. 2d. In a 
defect of exclasive power to isfue paper money and regulate commerce. 
3d. In vesting the sovereign power of the United States in a single legisla- 
ture ; and, 4th, in the too frequent rotation of its members. 

A convention is to sit soon for the purpose of devising means of obviating 
part of the two first defects that have b^n mentioned. But I wish they may 
add to their recommendations to each State, to surrender up to Congress 
their power of emitting money. In this way, a uniform currency will be 
produced, that will facilitate trade, and help to bind the States together. 
Nor will the States be deprived of large sums of money by this mean, i^hen 
sadden emergencies require it, for they may always borrow them, as they did 
daring the war, oat of the treasury of Cpngress. Even a loan office may be 
better institntiCd in this way in each State than in any other. 

The two last defects that have been mentioned are not of less magnitude 
than the first. Indeed, the single legislature of Congress will become more 
dangerous from an increase of power than ever. To remedy this, let the 
supreme federal power be divided, like the legislatures of most of our States, 
into two distinct, independent branches. Let one of them be styled the 
Council of the States, and the other the Assembly of the States. Let the 
first consist of a single delegate, and the second of two, three, or four dele- 
gates, chosen annually by each State. Let the President be chosen annually * 
by the Joiht ballot of both Houses, and let him possess certain powers, in 
conjunction with a privy council, especially the power of appointing most 
of the officers of the United States. The officers of the United States. The 
officers will not only be better when appointed in this way, but one of the 
principal causes of faction will be thereby removed from Congress. I ap- 
prehend this division of the power of Cdbgress will become more necessary 
as soon as they are invested with more ample poweirs of levying and ex- 
pending the public money. 

The custom of turning men out of i)ower or office as soon as they are qual- 
ified for it has been found to be as absurd iu practice as it is virtuous to 
dismiss a general, a physician, or even a domestic, as soon as they have ac- 
quired knowledge sufficient to be useful to us, fur the sake of increasing the 
number of able generals, skilful physicians, and faithful servants f We do 
not. Government is a science, and can never be perfect in America until 
we encourage men to devote not only three years but their whole lives to it. 
I believe the principal reason why so many men of abilities object to serv- 
ing in Congress is owing to their not thinking it worth while to spend three 
years in acquiring a profession which their country immediately afterwards 
forbids them to follow. 

There are two errors or prejudices on the subject of government in Amer- 
ica which lead to the most dangerous consequences. 

It is often said " that the sovereign and all other power is seated in the 
people.'' This idea is unhappily expressed. It should be, ** all power is 
derived /rom the people " ; they possess it only on the days of their elections. 


After thiB, it is the property of their ralers ; nor con they exercise or resame 
ft, anless H be abased. It is of importance to ciroalate this idea; as it leads 
to order and good govemmeut. 

The people of America have mistaken the meaning of the word sovereignty, 
hence each State pretends to be sovereign. In Enrope it is applied only to 
those States which possess the power of making war and peace, of forming 
treaties, and the like. As this power belongs only to Congress, they are 
the only soffereign power in the United States. 

We commit a similar mistake in our ideas of the word independent. No 
individual State, as such, has any claim to independence; she is independ- 
ent only in a union with her sister States in Congress. 

To conform the principles, morals and manners of our citizens, to our 
republican forms of government, it is absolutely necessary that knowledge 
of every kind should be disseminated through every part of the United 

For this purpose, let Congress, instead of lajring out half a million of dollars 
in building a federal town, appropriate only a fourth of that sum in found- 
ing a federal university. In this university let every thing connected with- 
government, such as history— the law of nature and nations — the civil law — 
the municipal laws of our country— and the principles of commerce — be 
taught by competent professors. Let masters be employed likewise to teach 
gunnery, fortification, and every thing connected with defensive and oflfen- 
aive war. Above all, let a professor of, what is called in the European uni- 
versities, economy, be established in this federal seminary. His business 
should be to unfold the principles and practice of agriculture and manu- 
factures of all kind, and to enable him to make his lectures more exten- 
sively useful. Congress should appoint a travelling correspondent for him, 
who should visit all the nations of Europe, and transmit to him, ftom time * 
to time, all the discoveries and improvements that are made in agriculture 
and manufactures. To tl^is seminary young men should be encouraged to 
repair, after completing their .aca<}emical studies in the colleges of their 
respective States. The honors and offices of the United States should, after 
a while, be confined to persons who had imbibed federal and republican 
ideas in this university. 

. For the purpose of diffusing knowledge, as well as extending the living 
principle of government to every part of the United States — every State- 
city— county— village— and township in the Union, should be tied together 
by means of the post-office. This is the true non-electric wire of govern- 
ment. It is the only meanp of conveying heat and light to every individual 
in the federal commonwealth. '* Sweden lost her liberties," says the Abbe 
Raynal, '' because her citizens were so scattered, that they had no means of 
acting in concert with each other." It should be a constant injunction to 
the post-masters to convey newspapers free of all charge for postage. They 
are not only the vehicles of knowledge and intelligence, but the centinels 
of the liberties of our country. 

The conduct of some of those strangers who have visited our country since 
the peace, and who fill the British papers with accounts of our distresses, 
shews as great a want of good sense, as it does of good-nature. They see 
nothing but the foundations and walls of the temple of liberty ; and yet 
they undertake to judge of the whole fabric. 


Oar own citizens act a still more absurd part, when they cry ont, alter 
the experience of three or fonr years, that we are not proper materials for 
republican government. Remember we assnmed these forms of government 
in a hurry, before we were prepared for them. Let every man exert himself 
in promoting virtue and knowledge in our country, and we shall soon be- 
come good republicans. Look at the steps by which governments have 
beeu changed, or rendered stable in Knrope. Read the history of Great 
Britain. Her boasted government has risen ont of wars and rebellions that 
lasted above six hundred years. The tJnited States are travelling peace- 
ably into order and good government. They know no strife but what 
arises from the collision of opinions ; and, in three years, they have ad- 
vanced further in the road to stability and happiness, than most of the 
nations of Europe have done, in as many centuries. 

There is but one path that can lead the United States to destruction ; and 
that is, their extent of territory. It is probable to eflfect this, that Great 
Britain ceded to us so much waste land. But even this path may be avoided. 
Let but one new State be exposed to sale at a time, and let the land-office 
be shut up, till every part of this new State be settled. 

I am extremely sorry to find 1^ passion for retirement so nnivemal among 
the patriots and heroes of the war. They resemble skillful mariners who, 
after exerting themselves to preserve a ship from sinking in a storm in the 
middle of the ocean, drop asleep as soon as the waves subside, and leave the 
care of their lives and property during the remainder of the voyage to sail- 
ors without knowledge or experience. Every man in a republic is public 
property. His time and talents — his youth — his manhood — his old age — nay 
more, his life, his all, belong to his country. 

Patriots of 1774, 1775, 1776— heroes of 1778, 1779, 1780 ! come forward ! 
your country demands your services ! Philosophers and fhends of mankind, 
come forward! your country demands your studies and speculations? Lov- 
ers of peace and order, who declined taking part in the late war, come for- 
ward ! your country forgives your timidity and demands your influence and 
advice ! Hear her proclaiming, in sighs and groans, in her governments, in 
her finances, in her trade, in her manufactures, in her morals, and in her 
manners, '* the revolution is not over ! " 




By JOBL BlRLOW, 1806. 

[Reprinted ftom a defective copy of Barlow's pamphlet in the Congreesional Library, sup- 
plemented by the reprint in the NaUonal InUlHgencer of 1806, and a MS. copy in the 
poeeeseion of Br. J. C. Welling. 1 

The project for erecting a university at the seat of the federal government 
is biy>ught forward at a happy moment, and on liberal principles. We may 
therefore reasonably hope for an extensive endowment from the munificence 
of individuals, as well as from government itself. This expectation will 
naturally lead us to enlarge our ideas on the subject, and to give a greater 


seope to its practical operation than has uanally f>een contemplated in 
inatitations of a similar nature. 

Two distinct ohjects, which, in other countries have been kept asun- 
der, may and ought to be united ; they are both of great national impdr- 
tance ; and by being embraced in the same Institution, they will aid each 
other in their acquisition. These are the advancement uf knowledge by 
associations of scientific men, and the dissemination of its rudiments by the 
instruction of youth. The first has been the business of learned corpora- 
tions, such as the Boyal Society of London, and the National Institute of 
France ; the second is pursued by collections of instructors, under the name 
of nniTersities, colleges, academies, etc. 

The leading principle of uniting these two branches of improvement in 
one Institution, to be extended upon a scale that will render it truly na- 
tional, requires some developmenx. We find ourselves in possession of a 
country so vast as to lead the mind to anticipate a scene of social intercourse 
and interest unexampled in the experience of mankind. This territory pre- 
sents and will present such a variety of productions, natural and artificial, 
such a diversity of connections abroad, and of manners, habits, and pro- 
pensities atiiome, as will create a strong tendency to diverge and separate 
the views of those who shall inhabit the different regions within our limits. 

It is most essential to the happiness of the people and to the preservation 
of their republican principles, that this tendency to a separation should be 
overbalanced by superior motives to a harmony of sentiment ; that they 
may habitually feel that community of interest on which their federal sys- 
tem is founded. This desirable object is to be attained, not only by the 
operations of the scovernment in its several departments, but by those of 
literature, sciences, and arts. 'The liberal sciences are in their nature re- 
publican ; they delight in reciprocal communication ; they cherish frater- 
nal feelings, and lead to a freedom of intercoune, combined with the 
restraints of society, which contribute together to our improvement. 

To explore the natural productions of our country, give an enlightened di- 
rection to the labors of industry, explain the advantages of interior tran- 
quillity, of moderation and justice in the pursuits of self-interest, and to 
promote as far as circumstances will admit, an assimilation of civil regula- 
, tions, political principles and modes of education, must engage the solici- 
tude of every patriotic citizen ; as he must perceive in them the necessary 
means of securing good morals and every republican virtue ; a wholesome 
jealousy of right and a clear understanding of duty ; without which, no 
people can be expected to enjoy the one or perform the other for any num- 
ber of years. 

The time is fast approaching when the United States, if no foreign dis- 
putes should induce an extraordinary expenditure of money, will be out 
of debt. From that time forward, the greater part of their public revenue 
may, and probably will, be applied to public improvements of various 
kinds ; such as facilitating the intercourse through all parts of their do- 
minion b|f roads^ bridges, and canals; such as making more exact surveys, 
and forming maps and charts of the interior country, and of the coasts, 
bays and harbors, perfecting the system of lights, buoys, and other nautical 
aids ; such as encouraging new branches of industry, so far as may be ad- 
vantageous to the public, either by offering premiums for discoveries, or by 


purchasing from their proprietors sueh inventions as shall appear to be of 
immediate and general ntility, and rendering them free to the citizens' at 
large ; snch as exploring the remaining parts of the wilderness of our con* 
tinenti both within and without our own Jurisdiction, and extending to 
thleir savage inhabitant^ as far as may be practicable, a taste for oiviltza- 
tion, and the means of knowing the comforts that men are capable of yield- 
ing to each other in the peaceable pursuits of industry, as they are under- 
stood in our stage of society. 

To prepare ther way for the government to act on these great objects with 
intelligence, economy, and effect, and to aid its operations when it shall be 
ready to apply Its funds to that purpose, will occupy tn part the attention 
of that branch of the Institution composed of men of scientific research ; 
whose labors, it is expected, will be in a ^eat measure gratuitous. It can- 
not be too early^ even at this moment, to direct the researches of science 
to occupations of this nature. By this means, at the end of the eleven 
years, the epoch at which the goyernment may expect to be free of debt, 
the way can be prepared to begin with system, and proceed with regular- 
ity' lei the various details of public improvement; a business which, if the 
rulers of all nations did but know it, ought to be considered among the 
first of their duties, one of the principal objects of their appointment. 

The science of political economy is still in its infancy ; as indeed is the 
whole science of government, if we regard it as founded on principles analo- 
gous to the nature of man, and designed to promote his happiness. As we 
believe our government to be founded on these principles, we cannot but 
perceive an immense field of improvement opening before us ; a field in 
which all the physical as well as the moral sciences should lend their aid 
and unite their operation, to place humatl iiociety on such a footing in this 
great section of the habitable world, as to secure it against farther con- 
vulsions from violence and war. Mankind have a right to expect this ex- 
ample from us ; we alone are in a situation to hold it up before them, to 
command their esteem, and perhaps their imitation. Should we, by a niur- 
rowness of views, neglect the opportunity of realizing so many benefits, we 
ought to refiect that it never can occur to us again ; nor can we forsee 
that it will return to any age or nation. We should grievously disappoint 
the expectations of all good in other countries, we should ourselves regret 
our error while we live ; and if posterity did not load us with the re- 
proaches we should merit, it would be because our conduct will have kept 
them ignorant of the possibility of obtaining the blessings, of which it 
had deprived them. 

It would be superfluous, in this Prospectus, to point out the objects merely 
scientific, that will naturally engage the attention of this branch of the 
Institution. We are sensible that many of the sciences, physical as Veil 
as moral, are very little advanced ; some of them, in which we seem to 
have made considerable progress, are yet so uncertain as to leave it doubt- 
fal whether even their first principles do not remain to be discovered ; and 
in all of them, there is a great deficiency as to the mode of familiarizing 
their results, and applying them to the useful arts of life, the true object 
of all labor and research. 

What a range is open in this country for mineralogy and botany I How 
many new arts are to arise, and how far the old ones are to be advanced. 


by the pursuit of these two sciences, it is impossible even to imagine. 
Chemistry is making a rapid and nsefal progress, thongh we still dispute 
about its elements. Our knowledge of anatomy has laid a necessary and 
sure foundation for surgery and medicine ; surgery indeed is making great 
proficiency ; but, after three thousand years of recorded experience, how 
little do we know of medicine I Mechanics and hydraulics are progress- 
ing fast, and wonderful iire the facilities and comforts we draw from 
thein ; but while it continues to be necessary to make use of animal force 
to move heavy bodies in any direction by land or water* we have a right 
to anticipate new discoveries. Could the genius of a Bacon place itself 
on the high ground of all the sciences in their present 'state of advance- 
ment, and marshal them before him in so great a country as this, and 
under a government like ours, he would point out their objects, foretell 
their successes, and move them on their march, in a manner that should 
animate their votaries and greatly accelerate their progress. 

the mathematics, considered as a science, may probably be susceptible of 
higher powers than it has yet attained ; considered as the handmaid of all 
the sciences and all the arts, it doubtless remains to be simplified. Some 
new processes, and perhaps new modes of expressing quantities and num- 
bers, may yet be discovered, to assist the mind in climbing the difficult 
steps that lead to an elevation so much above our crude conceptions ; an 
elevation that subjects the material universe, with all its abstractions of 
space and time, to our inspection ; and opens, for their combinations,, so 
many useful and satisfying truths. 

Researches in literature, to which may be united those in morals, govern- 
ment, and laws, are so vague in their nature, and have been so little meth- 
odised, as scarcely to have obtained the name of sciences. No man has 
denied the importance of these pursuits ; though the English nation, from 
whom we have borrowed so many useful things, has not thought proper to 
give them that consistency and standing among the objects of laudable 
ambition, to which they are entitled. Men the most eminent in these, 
studies have not been members of their learned associations. Locke, Ber- 
keley, Pope, Hume, Bobertson, Gibbon, Adam Smith, and Blackstone, 
were never admitted into the Royal Society. This is doubtless owing to 
the nature of their government ; though the government itself exerts no 
inflnence in these elections. The science of morals connects itself so inti- 
mately with the principles of i>olitical institutions, that where it is deemed 
expedient to keep the latter out of sight, it is not strange that the former 
should meet no encouragement. 

This policy is strikingly exempli^d in the history of the French Insti- 
tute* That learned and respectable body was incorporated by the National 
Convention in the year 1795, and took place of all the old academies, which 
had been prpviously abolished. It was composed of three classes, accord- 
ing to the objects to be pursued by its members. The tirst was the class 
for the physical sciences, the second was the class for the moral and politi- 
cal sciences, the third was for the fine arts. Thus it went on and made 
great progress in several branches, till the year 1803, when Bonaparte's 
government assumed that character which rendered the pursuit of moral 
and political science inconvenient to him. He then new modeled the In- 
stitute, and abolished that class. But lest his real object should be per- 


oeived and he be accused of narrowing the compass of research, he created 
two new classes in the room of this ; one for ancient literature, and one for 
the French language. On the same occasion an order was issued to all the * 
colleges and great schools in France, suppressing the professorships of 
moral and political philosophy. 

But in our country, and at this early epoch in the course of republican 
experimenti no subjects of research can be more important than those em- 
braced by these bramihes of science. Our representative system is new in 
practice, though some theories of that sort have been framed by specula- 
tive writers ; and partial trials have been made in the British Dominions. 
But our /(BderaZ system, combined with democratical representation, is a mag- 
nificent stranger upon earth; a new world of experiment, bursting with 
incalculable omenson the view of mankind. It was the result of circum- 
stances which no man could foresee, and no writer pretended to contem- 
plate. It presented itself to us fronr the necessity of the situation we were 
in ; dreaded at first as an evil by many good men in onr own country, &s 
well as by our friends in Europe ; and it is at this day far froml)eing un- 
derstood, or properly appreciated, by the generality of those who admire It. 
Oar practice upon it, as far as we have gone, and the vast regions of onr 
continent that present themselves to its embrace, must convince the world 
that it is the greatest improvement on the mechanism of government that 
has ever been discovered, the most consoling to the friends of liberty, 
humanity, and peace. 

Men who have grown old in the intrigues of cabinets, and those who, in 
the frensy of you|;hfal ambition, present themselves on the theater of poli- 
tics, at the head of armies, which they cannot live without, are telling us 
that ' no new principle of government has been discovered for these two 
thousand years';* and that all proposals to ameliorate the system are vain 
abstractions, unworthy of a sound p£iilosophy. They may tell us too that 
no new principle in mechanics had been discovered since we came to the 
knowledge of the lever; no new principle in war, since we first found that 
a man would cease to fight the moment he was killed. Yet we see in the 
two latter cases that new combinations of principle have been discovered ; 
they are dally now discovered and carried into practice. In these there 
are no books written to inform us we can go no further ; no imperial decrees 
to arrest our progress. Why then should this be the case in those com- 
binations of the moral sense of man, which compose the science of govern- 
ment f 

But whether we consider the principles themselves as new, or the com- 
bination only as new, the fact with respect to our government is this: al- 
though the principle has long since been known that the powers necessarily 
exercised in regulating a great community, originate in the people at large, 
and that these powers cannot conveniently be exercised by tl^e people at 
large ; yet it was not discovered how these powers could be conveniently 
exercised by a few delegates, in such a manner as to be constantly kept 
within the reach of the people at large, so as to be controlled by them with- 
out a convulsion. But a mode of doing this has been discoverlBd in later 
years, and is now for the first time carried into practice in our country ; I 

*This is asserted in a book written to support the present government of 
France. I forget the title. 


do not say in the utmost perfection of which the pilnoiple is capable ; yet 
in a manner which greatly oontrihatesi with oar other adyantagee, to ren- 
der as the happiest people on earth. Again although the principle has long 
since been known, that good laws faithfully executed within a state, would 
protect the industry of men, and preserve interior tranquillity ; yet no 
method was discovered which would effectually preserve exterior tranquil- 
lity between state and state. Treaties were made, oaths were exacted, 
the name of God was invoked, forts, garrisons, and armies were es- 
tablished on their reepectiye fh)ntier8; all with the sincere desire, 
no doubt, of preserving peace. The whole of these precautions have been 
constantly found ineffectual. But we at last, and almost by accident, have 
discovered a mode of preserving peace among states, without any of the 
old precautions ; which were always found extremely expensive, destruc- 
tive to liberty, and incapable of securing the object. We haye found ttuit 
states have some interests that are common and mutual among themselves ; 
tltat so far as these interests go, the states should not be tudftpendent ; that 
without losing any thing of their dignity, but rather increasing it, they can 
bind themselves together by federal goyernment, composed of their own 
delegates, frequently aad freely elected, to whom they can confide these 
common interests ; and that by giving up to these delegates the exercise of 
certain acts of sovereignty, and retaining the rest to themselyes, each state 
puts it out of its own power .to withdraw from the confederation, and out 
of the power of the general government to deprive them of the rights they 
have retaiSed. 

If these are not new principles of goyernment, they are at least new com- 
binations of principles, which require to be developed, studied and under- 
stood better than they have beea, even by ourselves ; but especially by the 
rising generation, and by all foreign observers who shall study our insti- 
tutions. Foreigners will thoe give us credit for what we have done, point 
out to our attentiod what we have omitted to do, and perhaps aid us with 
their lights, in bringing towards perfection a system, which may be des- 
tined to ameliorate the condition of the human race. • 

It is in this view that moral and political research oaght to be regarded 
as one of the most important objects of the National Institution, the highest 
theme of literary emulation, whether in prose or yerse, the constant stim- 
ulus to excite the ambition of youth in the course of edacation. 
' What are called the fine arts, in distinction from what are called the use- 
f ul, have been but little cultivated in America. Indeed, few of them have 
yet arrived, in modem times, to that degree of splendor which they had 
acquired among the ancients. Here we must examine an opinion, enter- 
tained by some persons, that the encouragement of the fine sktts savors too 
much of luxury, and is unfavorable to republican principles. It is true, as 
is alleged, they have usually flourished most under despotic goyemments ; 
but so have com and cattle. Republican principles have never been organ- 
ized or understood, so as to form a government, in any country but our own. 
It is therefore from theory, rather than example, that we mnst reason on 
this snbject. There is no doubt but that fine arts, both in those who cul- 
tivate and those who only admire them, open and expand the mind to great 
ideas. They inspire liberal feelings, create a harmony of temper, favorable 
to a sense of jnstfce and a habit of moderation in our social intercourse. 


By inoreaging the circle of oor pleasures, they mdderate the intensity with 
which pleaenrea, not dependent on them, would he pursued. In proportion 
as they multiply oor wants, they stimulate our industry, they diversify the 
objects of our ambition, they furnish new motives for a constant actlyity 
of mind and body, highly favorable to the health of both. The encourage- 
ment of a taste for elegant luxuries discourages the relish for luxuries that 
are gross and sensual, debilitating to the body, and demoralizing to the 
mind. These last, it must be acknowledged, are prevailing in our country ; 
they are perhaps the natural growth of domestic affluence and civil liberty. 
The government, however mild and paternal, cannot check them by any 
direct application of its powers, without improper encroaohments on the 
liberty and affluence, that give them birth. But a taste for the elegant 
enjoyments which spring fh>m the culture of the fine arts, excites passions 
not so irresistible, but that they are easily kept within the limits, which 
the means of each individual will prescribe. It is the fKend of'morals and 
of health ; it supposes a certain degree of information ; it necessitates liberal 
instruction ; it cannot bat be favorable to republican manners, principles, 
and discipline. 

A taste for these arts is peculiarly desirable in those parts of our country, 
at the southward and westward, where the earth yields her rich produc- 
tions with little labor, and leaves to the cultivator considerable vacanoias 
of time and superfluities of wealth, which otherwise will, in all probability, 
be worse employed. The arts of drawing, painting, statuary, engraving, 
music, poetry, ornamental architecture, and ornamental gardeuAg would 
employ a portion of the surplus time and money of onr citizens ; and at the 
same time be more likely to dispose their minds to devote another portion 
to charitable and patriotic purposes, th^in if the first portion had not been 
thus employed. 

In England there is a Royal Academy for the fine arts, as well as a Royal 
Society for the sciences^ though men of merit in other learned labors are 
not associated. In France the two classes of eminent men who pursue the 
sciences and the arts, Are united in the National Institute. Besides thase, 
and besides the colleges and universities, there exists in each of these coun- 
tries a variety of institutions useful in their different objects, and highly 
conducive to the general mass of public improvement, as well as to private 

The French Qovemment supports : 

1. The School of J^ineSf an extensive establishment ; where is preserved a 
coUection of specimens from all the mines, wrought and nnwronght, that 
are known to exist ip that country ; where, with the free use of a labora- 
tory, lectures are given gratis one day in the week for nine months in the 
year, and where young men receive what is called a mineralogical educa- 
tion. At this place the proprietor of a mine, whether of metals, coals, or 
other valuable fossils, may have them examined without expense; and 
here he can apply for an able and scientific artist, recommended by the 
professors, to be the conductor of his works, as well in the engineering as 
the metallurgical branch. 

2. Ths School of Roads and Bridges ; whose title ought to extend likewise 
to canals, river navigation and hydraulic architecture; since it embraces 
all these objects. Here are preserved models and drawinj^s of all the great 


worki, and many of the abSortiTo attempts, in these brauohes of bnaineas. 
It is a cnriona and osefnl oolleetion. This establishment too maintains its 
professors, who giye lectnres gratis, and prodnce among their pupils the 
abl^t draftsmen and civil engineers, ready to be employed where the pub- 
lic service or private enterprise may require. 

3. The GonmrwUary of Aria ; meaning the useful arts and trades. This, in 
appearance, is a vast Babel of materials ; consisting of tools, models, and 
entire machines, ancient and modern, good and bad. - For it is often 
usefal to preserve for inspection a bad machine. The professor explains 
the reaAn why it did not answer the purpose ; and tliis either prevents 
another person from si>ending his time and money in pursuit of the same 
impraotioable scheme, or it may lead his mind to some ingenious invention 
to remedy the defect and make it a useful object. Here is a professor for 
explaining the use of the machines, and for aiding the minister in discharg- 
ing the duties of the patent office. Here likewise several trades are carried 
on, and persons are taught gratis the use of the tools by praotioe as well as 
by lectures. 

4. The Museum of Natural BUiory* This consists of a botanical garden, 
an extensive menagery, or collection of wild animals, and large cabinets 
of minerals. To this institution are attached several professorships ; and 
lectures are given in every branch of natural history. 

5. The Mueeum of Arte ; meaning tfae fine arts. This is the school for 
painting, statuary, music, d&c. The great splendor of this establishment 
consists ehlisfly in its vast gallery of pictures, and its awful synod of statues. 
These are as flEur beyond description as they are above comparison. Since^ 
to the collections of the kings of France, the Qovernment has added so 
many of the best productions of Italy, Flanders and Holland, tfiere is no 
other assemblage of the works of art where students can be so well aooom- 
modated with yariety and excellence, to excite their emulation and form 
their taste. 

6. The National Library* This collection is likewise unparalleled both 
for the number and variety of works it contains ; having about five hun- 
dred thousand volumes, in print and manuscript ; besides all of value that 
is extant in maps, chai1», engravings ; and a museum of coins, medals and 
inscriptions, ancient knd modem. 

8. The Mint ; which is a scientific as well as a laboratorial establidiment ; 
where lectures are given in mineralogy, metallurgy, and chemistry. 

9. The MiUtary School; where field engineering, fortification, gunnery, 
attack and defense of places, and the branches of mathematics, necessary 
to these sciences, are taught by experienced masters. 

10. Tko F^ianeum ; which is an excellent school of general science, more 
eq»ectally military and nautical ; bat it is exclusively devoted to what are 
called emfank de la patrie, children of the country, or boys adopted by the 
Govemraent, and educated at tfae public expense. They are generally 
those whose fathers have died in the public seiVice. But this distinction 
is often conferred on others, through particular favor. The school is sup- 
plied with able instrnctors; and the pupils are very numerous. They are 
taught to consider themselves entirely devoted to the service of their coun- 
try, as is indicated both by their own appellation and that of their seminary. 

11. The College of France retains all its ancicfit advantages, and has been 
Improved by the revolution. 


12. The School of Medicine, anited with anatomy and sargery, is in able 
hands, and well oond noted. 

13. The Veterinary School ; where practical and scientific lessons are given 
on the constitution and diseases of animals. 

14. The ObeervatOry is an appellation still retained by an eminent sohool 
of astronomy ; thoogh its importance has grown far beyond what is indi- 
cated by its name. It pablishes the annual work called la connfiiaeance dee 
ieme; a work not only of national bat of nniversal utility for navifl:atorB 
and astronomers. 

16. Another institntion, whose functions have outgrown its namf, is the 
Bnreau of Longitude, It not only offers premiums for discoyeries, tending 
to the great object of finding an easy method of ascertaining the longitude 
at sea, and Judges of their merit ; but it is the enconrager and depositary 
of all nautical and geographical discoveries ; and, in conjunction with the 
school of astronomy and that of natural history, it directs and superintends 
such voyages of discovery as the government chooses to undertake. 

16. The last public establishment for liberal instmctioui that I shall men- 
tion in the capital, though not the only remaining one that might be named, 
is the Poljftedinio School, This, for the variety of sciences taught, the 
degree of previous attainment necessary for admission, the eminent talents 
of the professors, and the high state of erudition to which the pupils are 
carried, is doubtless the first institution in the world. 

The Prytaneum, the Polytechnic School, the Museum of Arts, the Con- 
servatory of Arts, and the Veterinary School, are new institutions, estab- 
lished during the revolution. The others existed before ; but most of them 
have been much improved. There were likewise erected during the same 
period, a great number of provincial colleges. The general provision was 
to have one in each county, or department, of which there are upwards of 
a hundred in France. The provision likewise extended to what are oaUed 
primary schools, to be erected and multiplied in every town and village. 
This is also executed in part, but not completely. 

On the whole, the business of education in France is on a mdch better 
footing at present than it ever was before the revolution. The clamor that 
was raised by the emigrants against the convention, reproaching them with 
having destroyed education, were unfounded, and, we may almost say, the 
reverse of truth. Their plans on this subject were great, and in general 
good ; much good indeed has grown out of them ; though they have not 
been pursued by the government during its subsequent changes, in the 
manner contemplated by the projectors. 

Besides the pnblic foundations, established and partly supported by the 
government, there is a variety of private associations for collecting and 
diffusing information ; such as agricultural societies, a society for the en- 
couragement of arts and manufactures; and another which, though neither 
scientific nor literary, is a great enconrager of literature. It is a charitable 
fund for giving relief to ind%ent authors, and to their widows and orphans* 

The Lyceum of Arts, as a private society, merits a distinguished place in 
this hasty review of the liberal establishments in Paris. This foundation 
belongs to a number of proprietors, who draw no other advantage from it 
than the right of attending the lectures, and of using the laboratory, read- 
ing-rooms, library, and philosophical apparatus. It employs able profess- 


on in all the aoiences, in toofanologyy in literatare, and in seyeral modem 
languages. It admits annual subscribers, who ei^oy these advantages dur- 
ing the jear ; and it is particularly useful to strangers and to yonng men 
from the provinces, who might otherwise employ their leisure hours in less 
profitable amusements. 

If, in speaking of the state of public instruction in England, we are less 
particular than in those of her neighbors, it will not be for want of respeot 
for her institutions ; but because most of them are better knblyn in this 
coontry, and some of them si milar to those we have described. Her univer- 
sities and colleges, her numerous agricultural societies, her sociisty of arts 
and manufactures, her royal society, royal academy, royal observatory, 
British Museum, marine and military academies, her society for exploring 
the interior of Africa, her missionary society, and her board of longitude, 
are probably familiar to most of the readers of this Prospectus. We shall 
particularize only two or three others ; which, being of recent date, are 
probably less known. 

** The Literary Fund, for the relief. of indigent authors and their families, 
is aa institution of extensive and increasing beneficence. It is not merely 
a charitable, but a patriotic endowment ; and its influenca must extend to 
other nations, and to posterity. For an author of merit belongs to the 
world at large ; his genius is not the property of one age or nation, but the 
general heritage of all. When a fund like this is administered by men of 
discernment and fidelity, worthy of their trust, as the one in question cer- 
tainly is, lending its aid to all proper objeots, without regard to party or 
system, whether in politics, science or religion, it gives independence to 
literary pursuits. Men who are fostered by it, or feel a confidence that 
they may, in case of need, partake of its munificence, become bold in the 
development of ujsefnl truths ; they are not discouraged by the dread of 
opposing the opinions of vulgar minds, whether among members of the 
government or powerful individuals. 

This generous and energetic establishment owes its foundation to David 
Williams ; whose luminous writings, as well as other labors, in favor of 
liberty and morals, are well known in this country. It was a new attempt 
to utilize the gifts of fortune, and the efforts of timid merit. It was not 
till after many years of exertion by its patriotic founder, that the institu- 
tion assumed a vigorous existence, became rich by the donations of the 
opulent, and popular from the patronage of the first names in the king- 
dom. It was firom this fund that the one of a similar nature in Paris was 
copied ; but the latter is hitherto far inferior to the former, both in its 
endowments and it^ activity. 

On the other hand, the Hogal InstituHan and the Lomdon InstUuHon have 
been^sopied from the Lyceum in Paris. But in these instances the copies 
have already equaled, if not surpassed, the original. 

We have traced this rapid sketch of what is doing for the advaucement 
of liberal knowledge and public improvements in other countries, for the 
sake of grouping the whole in one general view ; that we may compare their 
establishments with our situation, our wants, our means, and our pros- 
pects ; reject what is unsuitable to us, adopt such as would be useful, and 
organize them ,ad^ shall be advantageous in our National Institution. 

It is proposed, as already observed, that this Institution should combine 


the two greftt objeotSj r€§earok and inatructiofu It is expected £rom every 
member tiiat he will employ hU talent grataitoasly ia oontribatlng to the 
irst of these objects* The second will be the special occupatioQ o^a branch 
of the Institutiotay to be stiled the Professorate. And, as it is expected 
from the members of this branch, that they devote their time as well as 
talents to the labor of instruction, they will receive a suitable compensa- 
tion, to be fixed by the board of trnstees. 

The members of the National Institution shall be elected from citizens 
of the United States, eminent in any of the liberal sciences, whether physi- 
cal, moral, political, or economical ; in literature, arts, agriculture ; in 
meAanical, nautical, or geographical discoveries. The number of mem- 
bers shall at no time exceed the decuple of the number of states, composing 
the confederation of the United States. But in addition to these, it may 
elect honorary members abroad, not exceeding in number one half of that 
of its members. And it may likewise elect corresponding membera within 
the United States, or elsewhere, not exceeding the last-mentioned propor- 

The members of the Institution may divide themselves into several sec- 
tions, for their more convenient deliberations on the objects of their sev- 
eral pursuits, -not exceeding live sections. Each section shall keep a regis- 
ter of its proceedings. It shall be the duty of each section to nominate 
candidates for members of the Institution, suitable for such section. Which 
nomination, if there be vacancies, shall entitle such candidates to be bal- 
lotted for at the general meetings. 

There shall be a Chancellor of the National Institution ; whose duty it 
shall be to superintend its general concerns. He shall, in the first instance, 
be appointed by the President of the United States; and hold his office 
during the pleasure of the Institution. He shall preside in its general 
meetings ; direct the order of its deliberations, and sign the diplomas of 
its members. He shall be president of the board of trustees ; and, in con- 
sequence of their appropriations, order the payment of monies, and other- 
wise carry into execution their ordinances and resolutions. He shall be 
director of the Professorate ; order the courses of lectures and other modes 
of instruction, and objects of study ; confer degrees in the central univer- 
sity ; appoint examiners, either at the district colleges or at the central 
university, for the admission of students into the latter ; fill vacancies in 
the Professorate, until the next meeting of the board of trustees ; and he 
shall have power to suspend from office a professor, until the time of such 
meeting. He shall instruct jind direct in their mission, snch travelling pro- 
fessors as the board of trustees shall employ, for the objects of science, in 
our country or abroad. 

The board of trustees shall consist of fifteen members ; they shall be 
first appointed by the President of the United States, and hold their office 
during the pleasure of the Institution. They shall give bonds with surety 
for the faithful execution of their trust-'. They and the chancellor are of 
course members of the Institution. A.8 soon as convenient after their ap- 
pointment, they are to assemble at the seat of government, elect by ballot 
fifteen additional members of the Institution, appoint three professors, and 
transact such other business as they may think proper. But no mors tiian 
the second fifteen members of the Institution shall be elected, until the last 


Wednesday ia November next. On whioh day a general meeting of the 
Inetitation ahull be held at the aeat of government; and the members then 
present may prooeed to elect fifteen additional members. Two months afte^ 
which, another election of fifteen members may take plaoe ; bnt no more 
till the November then next. Thas they may proceed to hold two elections 
in each year, of fifteen members each, if they think proper, till the whole 
number allowed by law shall be elected. The Institution will fill its own 
vacancies, and those in the board of "trustees, appoint its treasurer and secre- 
taries ; and, on all occasions after the first, elect the chancellor. 

The chancellor and board of trustees shall have the sole management of 
the funds of the Institution, whether in lauds or movables ; they sfcll 
organise the Professorate, appoint the profb^rs and other masters and 
teachers ; assign them their compensations, and remove l^em at pleasure. 
They shall establish a central university, at or near the seat of govern- 
ment, and such other universities, colleges, and schools of f»ducation, as the 
funds of the Institution will enable them to do, whether in the city of 
Washington, or in other parts of the United States ; and make the necessary 
regulations for the government and discipline of the same. They may 
likewise establish printing-presses for the use of the Institution, laborato- 
ries, libraries, and apparatus for the sciences and the arts, and gardens for 
botany and agricultural experiments. 

Thus organized, and with proper endowments, the National Institution 
will be able to expand itself to a large breadth of public utility. .It will, 
by its correspondence, its various establishments, its premiums, its g^tui- 
ties, and other encouragements, excite a scrupulons attention to the duties 
of education in every part of the United States. By printing school books 
in the vast quantities that are wanted, and selling them at prime cost, it 
will furnish them at one third of the price usually demanded ; and by an able 
selection or composition of such as are best adapted to the purpose, it will 
give a uniformity to the moral sentiment, a republican energy to the char- 
acter, a liberal cast to the mind and manners, of the rising and following 
generations. None will deny that these things are peculiarly essential to 
the people of this country ; for the preservation of their republican prin- 
ciples, and especially of their federal system. 

Add to this the advantages that the government will draw, in its pro- 
jected plans of public improvement, from this facility of concentrating the 
rays of science upon the most useful objects ; ftrom directing the researches 
of so many of the ablest men in the country, to the best modes of increas- 
ing its productions and its happiness ; from having a greater choice of 
young and well-taught engineers, civil and military ; as well as medhani- 
cians, architects, geologists; and men versed in the mathematical sciences 
and political economy. 

Attached to the university in Washington, and under the direction of 
the Institution, might be the best position for the military academy, now 
at West Point, and likewise for the naval academy, and for the mint of the 
United States. The patent office is now an embarrassing appendage to the 
department of state. It might occupy very usefully one of the professors 
of this university. The machines and models belonging to it would be 
useful ornaments in a lecture room, where mechanics, hydraulics, and other 
branehee oi natural philosophy are taught. Such professor might be the 


proper person* to examine the applications for patents, and report npon their 
merits ; the ohanoellor might gnrnt the patent. It might likewise be ad- 
vantageous, that the trustees, when the state of their fnnds will permit, 
should purchase from their proprietors such inventions as^ in their opinion, 
might he of immediate and general use ; and perhaps the^chancellor might 
be authorized to refuse patents for impracticable things, and expose to 
public view such imposters as sometimes i^pply for them, with the intention 
of imposing upon the credulous, by selling their fallacious privileges either 
in whole or in part. 

The geographical and mineralogical archives of the nation might be 
bAter placed in this university, than elsewhere. Being confided to pro- 
fessors, they might draw advantage from them in the course of their in- 
structions. Thus the Institution might become a general depositary of 
the results of scientific research ; of experiments in art, manufactures, 
and husbandry; and of discoveries by voyages and travels. In short, no 
rudiment of knowledge should be below its attention, no height of im- 
provement above its ambition, no corner of an empire beyond its vigilant 
activity for collecting and diffasing information. 

It is hoped that the Legislature, as well as our opulent citizens, will 
assist in making a liberal endowment for so great an object, and as soon 
as circumstances will admit; as too much time has already been lost, 
since the government has taken its definitive stand, in so advanti^eonB a 
position, for the development of this part of our national resources. 


Such is the outline of a system of public instraction that would seem to 
promise the greatest benefits, and although under present circumstances 
it is doubtless too extensive to be carried into immediate practice in all its 
parts, yet there are strong reasons to wish that its general basis may be 
preserved entire in the law for incorporating the institution, i^d that such 
law may be enacted during the present session of Congress. Believing 
that no possible disadvantage could arise from adopting both of these 
propositions, we will endeavor to elucidate the advantages by a few ad- 
ditional observations. 

(1) As we must solicit donations from individual citizens, and depend 
principally on them for its endowment, we ought to have a basis on which 
they can repose their confidence. This can only be done by a board of 
trustees, standing on the ground of a corporation, whose object is clearly 
defined, and which is composed of men of known character and responsi- 
bility, anxious themselves to promote the object and pledged in honor and 
reputation for its ultimate success. 

(2) The present seems to be a more favorable moment for an establish- 
ment of this kind, and especially for obtaining donations, than can be 
expected to arrive hereafter. A general opinion now prevails that educa- 
tion has been too much and too long neglected in most parts of our country ; 
and this opinion is happily accompanied by a liberal spirit on the subject, 
a spirit worthy of the age and country in which we live, and of the govern- 
ment that conducts our affairs. It is a patriotic spirit, that only requires 
to be directed, but if not directed, may soon be lost. The opinions and 
dispositions of men are changeable. The race of patriarchs who framed 


our political syiiteniSy and are peculiarly solicitoas to secare their per- 
manent sapport, are passing off the stage oi pablio life. Children are grow- 
ing np to take the legacy we are bequeathing them, insensible of its 
valne, and ignorant of the means by which it can be preserved. It will 
seem as if we had labored in vain, if we leave onr work bnt half accom- 
plishedy and surely the task of preserving liberty, if not as bold, is at least 
as difficult, as that of acquiring it. 

To acquire liberty, comparatively speaking, is the work of few ; to pre- 
serve it is the sober and watchful business of all. In the first operation a 
group of well informed, enthusiastic, and patriotic leaders step forward to 
the field of danger, impress their own energy on the multitude of follow As,, 
who can not go wrong because the object is palpable and clearly under- 
stood ; bnt in the second, the impetuosity of enthusiasm is no longer the 
weapon to be used. The mass of the people are masters, they must be in- 
structed in their work, and they may justly say« that w&en their leaders 
taught them how to gain their liberty they contracted the obligation to 
ieach them how to use it. 

(3) The institution, though established on the broad 'foundation we here 
propose, will begin upon a small scale ; no longer than its means will ren- 
der convenient and the magnitude of the prospective will not discourage 
its infant exertions, bnt rather increase them. Its expeifditures will not be 
greater in the beginning than they would be if it were always to be confined 
to the narrow compass in which it will move at first. It will immediately 
open a few schools at Washington, where they are much wanted. It may 
soon begin tareceive donations for this and other objects ; and bj its corre- 
spondence it will be learning the wants of the different districts of the United 
States, and directing its inquiries how to supply them. 

(4) It is believed that several men of science, without any compensation 
but the pleasure of being useful, may be engaged to give courses of lectures 
dnring the next winter on some of the higher branches of knowledge, such as 
chemistry, mathematics, natural and moral philosophy, political economy, 
medicine, and jurisprudence, that it may no longer be said of the Capitalof the 
United States that it offers no attractions as a winter residence to strangers 
or citizens; no amusements but such as are monotonous and unimproving; 
nothing to variegate the scene and enliven the labors of those whom the con- 
fidence of their country has called to this place to manage her great concerns. 
A few courses of lectures on these subjects, announced in the public papers, 
to be delivered next winter would draw to this place many young men from 
the different States, who, being at a loss for the means of finishing their edu- 
cation, are often driven to Europe for that purpose. This would be a begin- 
ning for the university and lead to its interior organization. It would help 
to bring the institution into notice, be the means of augmenting its endow- 
ments, and enable the trustees to devise measures for some of their buildings. 

(5) It ought not u) be forgotten that a central institution of this kind in 
the United States would not only remove the disadvantages that our young 
men now experience in being obliged to obtain a European education, hvL\ it 
would federalize, as well as republicanize, their education at home. Com- 
ing together from all parts of the Union, at an age when impressions on the 
mind are not easily effaced, the bent of intellect will attain a similarity in 
all, diversified only by what nature had done before ; their moral characters 
would be cast in a kindred mould ; they wonld form firiendships, which 

S, Mi^. 170 10 


their snbeequent parsnito in life woald never destroy. This wonld greatly 
tend to strengthen the political union of the StateSi a union which, 
though founded on permanent interest, can only be supported by a perma- 
nent sense of that interest. In addition to the other advantages of study, 
we ought to notice the great political school that will open to the student 
during the sessions of Congress ; the school of jurisprudence in the federal 
courts ; the constant examples of etilarged ideas^ and paternal solicitude 
for the national welfare, which he wUl see in the several departments of 
the Executive Oovemment. 

When the men, who shall have finished their education in this central 
seat, shall ret am to it in maturer life, clothed with the confidence of their 
fellow-citizens, to assist in the councils of the nation, the scene wiU en- 
liven the liberal impressions of youth, combined with the cautious that 
experience will^have taught. They will bring from home the feelings and 
interests of their own districts, and they will mingle them here with those 
of the nation. From snch men the Institution may perceive the good it 
may have done ; and from them it will learn what new op^snings may be 
found in the different States, for the extention of its benefits. 

Washington, January ^th^ 1806. 



AN ACT 4pBStliig Pnblio Lands to tbe seVeral States anA Territories whiob may pro* 
Tide Colleges for Hie Benefit of Agricaltare and Mechanic Arts. 

Be it enacted hy the Senate and House of Representativea of the United States 
of America in Congreee aeaemhled, That there be granted jto the several 
States, for the purposes hereinafter mentioned, an amount of public land, 
to be apportioned to each State a quantity equal to thirty thousand acres 
for each senator and representative in Congress to which the States are 
respectively entitled by the apportionment under the census of eighteen 
hundred and sixty : Provided, That no mineral lands shall be selected or 
purchased under the provisions of this act. 

Sbo. 2. And be it further enacted. That the land aforesaid, after being 
surveyed, shall be apportioned to the several States in sections or subdi- 
visions of sections, not less than one quarter of a section ; and whenever 
there are public lands in a State subject to sale at private entry at one 
doUar and twenty-five cents per acre, the quantity to which said State 
shall be entitled shall be selected from such lands within the limits of 
such State, and the Secretaiy of the Interior is hereby directed to issue to 
each of the States in which there is not the quantity of public lands sub- 
ject to sale at private entry at one dollar and twenty-five cents per acre, 
to which said State may be entitled under the provisions of this act, land 
scrip to the amount in acres for the deficiency of its distributive share ; 
said scrip to be sold by said States and the proceeds thereof applied to the 
uses and purposes prescribed in this act, and for no other use or purpose 
whatsoever: Provided, That in no case shall any State to which land scrip 

* Introduced in the House of Representatives by the Hon. Justin S. Mor- 
rill, of Vermont, and approved by President Lincoln, July 2, 1802. 


iii»y thos be isaned be allowed to locate the same within the limits of any 
other State, or of any Territory of the United States, bat their assignees 
may thns locate said land scrip npon any of the unappropriated lands of the 
United States subject to sale at private entry at one doUai' and twenty- 
fiye cents, or less, per acre: And provided fwihery That not more than one 
million acres shall be located by such assignees in any one of the States: 
And prmfided further f That no such location shall be made before one year 
from the passage of this act. 

Ssa 3. And he it further enactedf That all the expenses of management, 
superintendence, and taxes from date of selection of said lands, preylons 
to their sales, and all expenses incurred in the maoagement and disburse- 
ment of the moneys which may be received therefrom, shall be paid by 
the States to which they n^ay belong, out of the treasury of said States, so « 
that the entire proceeds of the sale of said lands shall be applied without 
any diminution whatever to the purposes hereinafter mentioned. 

Sbc. 4. And he it further enacted. That all moneys derived from the sale 
of the lands aforesaid by the State to which the lands are apx)ortioDed, and 
from the sales of land scrip hereinbefore provided for, shall be invested 
in stocks of the United States, or of the States, or some other safe stocks, 
yielding not less than five per centum upon the par value of said stocks f 
and that the moneys so invested shall constitute a perpetual fund, the 
capital of which shall remain forever undiminished, (except so far as may 
be provided in sectioq fifth of this act,) and the interest of which shall be 
inviolably appropriated, by each State which may take and claim the 
benefit of this act, to the endowment, support, and maintenance of at least 
one college where the leading object shall be, without excludiug other 
scientific and classical stn(Aes, and including military tactics, to teach 
such branches of learning as are related to agriculture and the mechanic 
arts, in such manner as the legislatures of the States may respectively pre- 
cribe, «in order to promote the liberal and practical education of the 
industrial classes in the several pursuits and professions in life. 

Sbc. 5. And he it further enacted, That the grant of land and land scrip 
hereby authorized shall be made on the following conditions, to which, as 
well as to the provisions hereinbefore contained, the previous assent of the 
several States shall be signified by legislative acts: 

First. If any portion of the fund invested, as provided by the foregoing 
section, or any portion of the interest thereon,' shall, by any action or con- 
tingency be diminished or lost, it shall be replaced by the State to which it 
belongs, so that the capital of the fund shall remain forever undiminished; 
and the annual interest shall be regularly applied without diminution to 
the purposes mentioned in the fourth section of this act, except that a sum, 
not exceeding ten per ceutum upon the amount received by amy State 
under the provisions of this act, may be expended for the purchase of lands 
for sites or experimental farms, whenever authorized by the respective 
legislatures of said States. 

Second. No portiou of said fund, nor the interest thereon, shall be ap- 
plied, directly or indirectly, under any pretense whatever, to the purchase, 
erection, preservation, or repair of any building or buildings. 

Third. Any State which may take and claim the benefit of the provis- 
ions of this Aot shall provide^ within five years, at lei»st not less than oQe 


college, as described in the fonrtli section of this act, or the grant to such 
State shall cease ; and said State shall be boand to pay the United States 
the amount received of any lands previoasly sold, and thlst the title to 
purchasers under the State shall be valid. 

Fourth. An annual report shall be made regarding the progress of each 
college, recording any improvements and experiments made, with their 
costs and results, and such other matters, including State industrial and 
economical statistics, as may be supposed useful ; one copy of which shall 
be transmitted by mail free, by each, to all the other colleges which may 
be endowed under the provisions of this act, and also one copy to the Sec- 
retary of the Interior. 

Fifth. When lands shall be selected from those which have been, 
^ised to double the minimum price, in consequence of railroad grants, 
they shall be computed to the States at the maximum price, and the num- 
ber of acres proportionally diminished. 

Sixth. No State while in a condition of rebellion or insurrection against 
the government of the United States shall be entitled to the benefit of this 

Seventh. No State shall be entitled to the benefits of this act unless it 
shall express its acceptance thereof by its legislature within two years 
from the date of its approval by the President. 

Sec. 6. And be it further enacted f That land scrip issued under the pro- 
visions of this act shall not be subject to location until after the first day 
of January, one thousand eight hundred and sixty-three. 

Sec. 7. And he it further enacted. That the land oflQcers shall receive the 
same fees for locating land scrip issued under the provisions of this act as 
is now allowed for the location of military bc/unty land warrants under 
existing laws : Provided, their maximum compensation shall not be thereby 

Sec. 8. And be it further enacted. That the Governors of the several States 
to which scrip shall be issued under this act shall be required to report 
annually to Congress all sales made of such scrip until the whole shall be 
disposed of, the amount received for the same, and what appropriation 
has been made of the proceeds. Approved, July 2, 1862. 


[Forty-ninth Congress. Second Session, Chapter 314, Statutes of the United States, vol. 

xxiv., pai^e 440. J 

AN ACT to establish agrionltaral experiment stations in oonneotion with the ooUeges 
established in the several States nndet the proTlsions of an act approTed Jaly second, 
eighteen hundred and sixty-two, and of the acts sapplementary thereto. 

Be it enacted by the Senate and Houee of Eepreaentatives of the United Stqjtee 
of America in Congress assembled, That in order to aid in acquiring and 
diffusing among the people of the United States useful and practical in- 
formation on subjects connected with agriculture, and to promote scientific 
investigation and experiment respecting the principles and applications of 

* Introduced in the House of Sepresentatives in 1885 by the Hon. Will- 
iam H. Hatch, of Missouri, and approved by President Cleveland March 2, 


agricaltiiral soienoe, there shall he eatahlished, under direction of the col- 
lege or colleges or agricoltural department of colleges in each State or 
Territory estahlished, or which may hereafter he estahlished, in accord- 
ance with the provisions of an act approved Jnly second, eighteen hundred 
and sixty-two, entitled "An act donating pnhlic lands to the several States 
and Territories which may provide, colleges for the benefit of agricnltnre 
and the mechanic arts/' or any of the sapplements to said act, a depart- 
ment to be known and designated as an '* agricultural experiment station : " 
Provided, That in any State or Territory in which two such colleges have 
been or may be so established' the appropriation hereinafter made to such 
State or Territory shall be equally divided between such colleges, unless 
the legislature of such State or Territory shall otherwise direct. 

Sic. 2. That it shall be the object and duty of said experiment stations 
to conduct original researches or verify experiments on the physiology of 
plants and animals ; the diseases to which they are severally subject, with 
the remedies for the same ; the chemical composition of usefol plants at 
their different stages of growth ; the comparative advantages of rotative 
cropping as pursued under a varying series of crops ; the capacity of new 
plants or trees for acclimation ; the analysis of oils and water; the chemi- 
cal composition of manures, natural or artificial, with experiments de- 
signed to test their comparative effects on crops of different kinds ; the 
adaptation and value of grasses and Ibrage plants ; the composition and 
digestibility of thediffeAnt kinds of food for domestic animals; the scien- 
tific and economic, questions involved in the production of butter and 
cheese ; and such other researches or experiments bearing directly on the 
agricultural industry of the United States as may in each case be deemed 
advisable, having due regard to the varying conditions and needs of the 
respective States or Territories. 

Sec. 3. That in order to secure, as far as practicable, uniformity of 
methods and results in the work of said stations, it shall be the duty of the 
United States Commissioner of Agriculture to furnish forms, as far as 
practicable, ioi the tabulation of results of investigation or experiments ; 
to indicate from time to time, such lines of inquiry as to him shall seem 
most important ; and, in general, to furnish such advice and assistance as 
will best promote the purposes of this act. It shall be the duty of each of 
said stations annually, on or before the first day of February, to make to 
the governor of the State or Territory in which it is located a full and de- 
tailed report of its operations, including a statement of receipts and ex- 
penditures, a copy of which report shall be sent to each of said stations, 
to the said Commissioner of Agriculture, and to the Secretary of the Treas- 
ury of the United States. 

8ko. 4. That bulletins or reports of progress shall be published at said sta- 
tions at least once in three months, one copy of which shall be sent to each 
newspaper in the States or Territories in which they are respectively located, 
and to such individuals actually engaged in farming as may request the same, 
and as far as the means of the station wi 11 permit. Such bulletins or reports 
and the annual reports of said stations shall be transmitted in the mails of 
the United States free of charge for postage, under such regulations as the 
Postmaster-Qeneral may from time to time prescribe. 

Sec. 5. That for the purpose of paying the necessary expenses of conduct- 


ing investigations and experiments and printing a9d distribating tlie result 
as hereinbefore described, the sam of fifteen thousand dollars per annum is 
hereby appropriated to each State, to be specially provided for by Congress 
in the appropriations from year to year, and to each Territory entitled under 
the provisions of section eight of this act, out of any money in the Treasury 
proceeding from the sales of public lands, to be paid in equal quarterly pay- 
ments, on the first day of January, April, July, and Oetober in each year, to 
the treasnrer or other officer duly appointed by the governing boards of said 
colleges to receive the same, the first payment to be'made on the first day of 
October, eighteen hundred and eighty-seven t Provided, kwotver. That out of 
the first annual appropriation so received by any station an amount not ex- 
ceeding one-fifth may be expended in the erection, enlargement, or repair of 
a building or buildings necessary for carrying on the work of such station ; 
and thereafter an amount not exceeding five per centum of such annual 
appropriation may be so expended. 

Skc. 6. That whenever it shall appear to the Secretary of the Treasury 
from the annual statement of receipts and expenditures of any of said sta- 
tions that a portion of the preceding annual appropriation remains unex- 
pended, suob amount shall be deducted from the next sacoeeding annual 
appropriation to such station, in order that the amount of money appro- 
priated to any station shall not exceed the amount actually and necessarily 
required for its maintenance and support. 

Sbc. 7. That nothing in this act shall be construe to impair or modify the 
legal relation existing between any of the said colleges and the government 
of the States or Territories in which they are respectively located. 

Sbc. 8. That in States having colleges entitled under this section to the 
benefits of this act and having also agricultural experiment stations estab- 
lished by law separate from said colleges, such States shall be authorised to 
apply such benefits to experiments at stations so established by such States ; 
and in case any State shall have established under the provisions of said aot 
of July second aforesaid, an agricultural department or experimental sta- 
tion, in connection with any university, college, or institution not dis- 
tinctively an agricultural college or school, and such State shall have estab- 
lished or shall hereafter establish a separate agricultural college or school, 
which shall have connected therewith an experimental farm or station, the 
legislature of such State may api^y in whole or in part the appropriation by 
this act made, to such separate agricultural college or school, and no legisla- 
ture shall by contract express or implied disable itself fix>m so doing. 

Sbc. 9. That the grants of money* authorized by this act are made sol^ect 
to the legislative assent of the several States and Territories to the purposes 
of said grants : Provided, That payment of such instalmen ts of the appropria- 
tion herein made as shall become due to any State before the adjournment of 
the regular session of its legislature meeting next after the passage of this 
act shall be made upon the assent of the governor thereof duly certified to 
the Secretary of the Treasury. 

Sbc. 10. Nothing in this act shall be held or construed as binding the 
United States to continue any payment from the Treasury to any or all the 

* The grants of money to carry out the provisions of this act amounted in 
1887-88 to 1585,000, in 1888-69 to $595,000, in 1889-90 to $600,000, and for 
1890>91 the amount estimated is $6:U),000. 


States orinstitutioiiB mentioned in this -act, bnt CongresB may at any time 
amend, suspend, or repeal any or all the provisionB of this act. 
Approved, March 2, 1867. 




Note.— Most of the State Universities owe their origin wholly or in part 
to federal land grants in connection with the Morrill Act, or by special acts 
passed by Congress. The thirteen original States and six others have re- 
ceived no land grants, except for agrlonltural and mechanical colleges. All 
the territories have had land grants for educational purposes, except the 
District of Columbia and Alluka. Of the thirteen original States only 
foar— Virginia, Georgia, and North and South Carolina — ^have founded and 
maintained State universities; six^Massachusetts, Connecticut, Penn- 
sylvania, New Jersey, Rhode Island, and New Hampshire — founded in co- 
lonial days institutions which have become practicidly State universities ; 
New York, thoagh fairly liberal to its colleges, has never concentrated its 
patronage; Maryland and Delaware have practically ignored the university 
question. In the other States without grants — ^Vermont, Maine, Kentucky, 
TennesseCyTexas, and West Virginia—the efforts to found State institutions 
have been attended with much difficulty, and it is evident to one who 
studies the subject that their educational systems are probably much less 
prosperous than they would have been had they received assistance fh>m the 
general government similar to that given their sister States.* 

In the following list institutions wholly or m part supported by the 
State are designated by the symbol t. Institutions organised or extended 
in scope in connection with the Morrill Act of 1862 are designated by the 
symbol *. Institutions maintained in connection with the Hatch Act are 
designated by the symbol /^. Institutions whose names are indented, are 
subordinated to those which precede them. 

The total amount of land given by the general government, for State 
educational work, has been 1,995,920 acres. The total amount appropriated 
by the States for higher education is shown by Blackmar to have been 

I am indebted to Prof. F. W. BUickmar, Prof. W. O. Atwater, and Mr. A. 
C. True for the facts embodied in the following tables: 


(Territory, 1817; State, 181D; Land Gnat, 1818-10.) 

t University of Alabama, Tuscaloosa, 181^21. 
* Alabama Aqrigultural and Mechanical College, Auburn, 1872. 
A Aqricultoral Experiment Station, Auburn, 1883. 



Alabama Historical Society, Tuscaloosa, 1851. 
No scientific society in the State. 

*See Blaekmar's: '* Federal and State Aid to Higher Edncation.^' 



(Territory, 1872.) 

No colleges. 

AlAska Historical Society, Sitka, 1890. 

Society of Alaskau Natural History and Ethnology, Sitka^ 1887. 

(Territory, 1863 ; Land Grant, 1881.) . 

Ukivsssitt of Arizona, Tncson^l889. 
College of Aqriculturb, Ukiv. of Arizona, Tucaon, 1889. 

No historical or scientific society. 


(Territory. 1819 ; SUte, 1836 ; Land Grant, 1886.) 

•f Arkansas Industrial University, Fayetteville, 1868-72. 
^ Arkansas Agricultural Experiment Station, Fayetteville, 

(Sab-stations at Pine Blufi", Newport, and Texarkana.) 

Arkansas Historical Society, Little Rock. 
No scientific society. 

(Territory, 1846 ; State, 1850 ; Land Grant, 1863.) 

t* University of Caufornia, Berkeley, 1868-69. 

College of Agriculture, Mechanics, Mining, Engineering, 
AND Chemistry, Univ. of Cal., Berkeley, 1866-68. 
A Agricultural Experiment Station, Univ. of Cal., 
Berkeley, 1876 and 1888. 
(Outlying stations at Paso Robles, Tulare, Jackson, Cupertino, 
Fresno, Misssion San Jos6.) 

California Historical Society, San Francisco. 
California Academy of Sciences, San Francisco, 1854. 

(Territory, 1861 ; SUte, 1876 ; Land Grant, 1875.) 

t University of Colorado, Boulder, 1875-77. 
* State Agricultural College, Ft. Collins, 1879. 
A Agricultural Experibcent Station of Colorado, Ft. Collins^ 

(Sub-stations at Del Norte and Rocky Ford.) 
t State School of Mines, Golden, 1874. 

Colorado State Historical Society, Denver. 
Colorado Scientific Society, Denver. 



(Settled, 1634; State, 1788.) 

Yalr UmvERSiTY, New Haven, ItOO. 

• Sheffield Scientific School of Yale Unxvermtt, 1847 and 1864. 
At CoxNECTicuT Agricultural Experiment Station, New HaveD, 

1875 and 1877. 
Storrs Agricultural School, Mansfield, 1881. 

Storrs School Agricultural Experiment Station, 1888. 

Connecticnt Academy of Sciences,- New Haven, 1799. 
Connecticut Historical Society, Hartford, 1825. 

(Territory of Dakota, 1861 ; State, 1889 ; Land Grant. 1881.) 

(f) University op North Dakota, Oiand Forks, 188^-4. 
North Dakota Agricultural College, Fargo, 1890. 

No State historical or scientific society. 


(State. 1889 ; Land Grant, 1881.) 

(f) University op South Dakota, VermiUiop, 1883. 

t South Dakota Agricultural College, Brookings, 1889. 
South Dakota Agricultural Experiment Station, Brookings, 

South Dakota School of Mines, Rapid City, 1886. . 

No State historical or scientific society. 


(Settled, 1({38; State, 1787.) 

t* Delaware College, Newark, 1834, 1851, and 1871. 
A Delaware College Agricultural Experiment Station, Newark* 

Historical Society of Delaware, Wilmington, 1884. 
No scientific society. 


(Territory, 1821; State, 1845; Land Grant, 1845.) 

* Florida State Ag'l and Mechanical College, Lake City, 1884. 

c^ Agricultural Experiment Station of Florida, Lake City, 1888. 

Historical Society of Florida, St. Angnstine. 


(Settled, 1782; State, 1788.) 

t* University of Georgia, Athens, [1784], 1801. 

Georgia State College of Agriculture and Mechanic Arts, 
of the University of Georgia, Athens, 1872. 
A Georgia agricultural Experiment Station, Athens, 1888. 


Southwest GsoRaiA Aobicultural Collkob, Univ. of Oa., 

Cathbert, 1879. 
North Gborgia Aobicultural Collbgb, Univ. of Ga., Dahlonega, 

1873. ♦ 

Wbst Georgia Agricultural and Mechanical Collsgb, Hamil- 

toD, 18H2. 
Middle Georgia Miutart and Agricultural College, Univ. of 

*Ga., Milledgeville, 1880. 
South Georgia College of Agriculture and the Mechanic 

Arts, University of Georgia, Thomasville, 1879. 
t Atlanta University (colored), Atlanta, 1859. 

Georgia Historical Society, Savaniiali, 1839. 
No scientific society. 

(Territory, 1809; State, 1818 ; Land GmU, 1804 and 1818.) 

t University of Illinois, Urbana, 1868. (Formerly Illinois Indostrial 

* College of Agriculture of the University of Ii^nois, 

Urbana, 1867. 
A Agricultural Experiment Station of the University of 
Ilunois, Champaign, 1888. 

Illinois State Historical Society, Champaign. 
No State scieutlfic society. 

(TerriUny, 1800; State, 1816; Land Grantii, 1804 and 1816.) 

t Indiana University, Blooroington, 182(K'96. (Successor to Vincennes 

University, 180G. 
" Purdue University," Lafayette, 1874. 

* School of Agriculture, Horticulture, and Veterinary Sci* 

ENCE OF Purdue University, Lafayette, 1873. 
A Agricultural Station of Indiana, Lafayette, 1887. 

Indiana Historical Society, Indianapolis, 1832. 
Indiana Academy of Sciences (unlocalized), 1885. 


(Territory, 1838; SUte, 1846; LandGnnt, 184S.) 

t State University of Iowa, Iowa City, 1847-'60. 
* Iowa State College of Agriculture and Mkchanic Arts, Ames, 
1858; opened for stadents October 21, 1868. 
A Iowa Agricultural Experiment Station, Ames, 1H88. 

Iowa State Historical Society, Iowa City. 
Davenport Academy of Sciences, Davenport, 1867. 
Iowa Academy of Sciences, Iowa City, 1875. 


(Territery, 1867; State, 1861; Lmd Gmit, 1861.) 

t UxiYBBSiTT OF KANSAS, Lawieiice, 1861-'68. 

* Kansas State Agricultural College, Manhattan, 1803. 

A Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station, Manhattau, 1888. 

Kansas State Historical Society, Topeka. 
Kansas Academy of Science, Topeka, 1868. 


(State, 1792.) 

* Agricultural and Mroranical College of Kentucky, Lexington, 

1865; reorganized 1880. (Successor to Transylvania University, or- 
ganized 1798.) 
A Kentucky Agricultural Experiment Station, Lexington, 1885. 

Kentucky Historical Society, Frankfort. 
No State scientific society. 


(Territory, 1803; State, 1812; Land Grants, 1806, 1811. 1887.) 

Tulanb University of Louisiana, New Orleans, 1847. 
t SouTHERk University (colored), New Orleans, 1880. 
t* Louisiana bTATs University and Agricultural and Mechanical 
College, Baton Rouge, 1873; reorganized 1877. 

C Sugar Experiment Station No. 1, Kenner, 1885. 
A t J *• " " "2, Baton Rouge, 1886. 

( North Louisiana Experiment Station, Calhoun, 1888. 
Louisiana Historical Society, Bacon Rouge. 
No State scientific society. 

' (SetUed, 1882 ; SUte. 1820.) 

* Maine State College of Agriculture and the Mechanic Arts, 

Orono, 1865.1 
A Maine State College Agricultural Experiment Station, 
Orono, 1885 and 1887. 

Maine Historical Society, Portland, 1822. 
No State scientific society. 


(Settied, 1631 ; SUte 1788.) 

[University of Maryland, organized 1784, abandoned 1805.] 

* Maryland Agricultural Coli^ge, Agricultural College [1856], 


I State grants bav6 been made to Bowdoin College, 1794-1802, and to 
Colby Upiversity, formerly Watery ille College, 1818. 


A Maryland Aoricultural Expbbiicbnt Statiok, Agricnliaral 
CoUege, 1868. 

Maryland Aoademy of Sciences, 1822. 
Maryland Historioal Society, Baltimore. 


(Settled 1620; SUte, 1788.) 

Harvard Universitt, Cambridge, 1636.* 

* Massachusetts Institute of Tbohnologt, Boston, 1863-'65. 
^Massachusetts Agricultural Colleok, Amherst, 1856, 1863, and 

t Massachusetts State Agricultural Experiment Station, Am- 
herst, 18e^2 and 1888. 
A Hatch Experiment Station of Massachusetts Agricult- 
ural College, Amherst, 1888. 

American Academy of Arts and Sciences, 1780. 
Massachusetts Historical Society, Boston. 


(Territory, 1805; State, 1896; Land Grant, 1836.) 

t Univxrsitt OF Michigan, Ann Arbor [1817], 1836, 1840. 

* Michigan Agricultural College, Agrionltnral College [1865], 1857. 
A Experiment Station of Michigan Agricultural Collbox, 

Agncultnral College, 1888. 

Historical Society of Michigan, Detroit. 
No academy of sciences. 

(Territory, 1849 ; State, 1868 ; Land Granta, 1867, 1861. and 1870.) 

t* University of Minnesota, Minneapolis [1857], 1868. 

CollegIe of Agriculture and Mechanic^ Arts of the Uni- 
vxrsitt of Minnesota, Saint Anthony Park, 1868. 

t State School of Agriculture of the University of Minne- 
sota, Saint Anthony Park, 1888. 

A Agricultural Experiment Station of the University of 
Minnesota, Saint Anthony Park, 1886. 

Minnesota Historical Society, St. Panl. 
Minnesota Academy of Science, Minneapolis, 1873. 
St. Paul Academy of Sciences, St. PauL 


(Territory, 1798; Stote, 1817; Land Grants, 1803, 1819.) 

[Jefferson College, Washington, 1803 — discootinned.] 
t University of Mississippi, Oxford, 1874. 


^ The appropriations by the State to Harvard have amounted to $784,793, 
in addition to 46,000 acres of land. The State has also given $157,500 to 
Williams, and $52,500 to Amherst.— Blackmar. * 


* Agbicultubal and Mechanical College. of Missisaippi, Agrionlt- 

aral College (Starkville), 1880. 
^Mississippi Agricultural Experiment Station, Agricultaral 
CoUpge, 1888. 

* Alcorn Agricultural and Mechanical College (colored), Rod- 

ney, 1871, leorganized in 1878. 

Miflsissippi Historical Society, Jackspn. 
No academy of sciences. 

(Territory, 1812 ; SUte, 1821 ; Lmd Gnrnto; 1818 vid 1830.) 

t* University of Missouri, Colambia [1820], 1839. 

Missouri Agricultural and Mechanical College of t^ib Uni- 
versity OF Missouri, Columbia, 1870. 
A Missouri Agricultural Experiment Station, Columbia, 1881. 

* Missouri School of Mines and Metallurgy of the Univ. of 

Mo., RoUa, 1670. 

Missoari Historical Society, St. Louis. 
St. Louis Academy of Sciences, 1857. 


(Territory, 1804; Land Orant, 188L) 

CoLLBOt OF Montana, Deer Lodge, 1883. 
Montana Historical Society, Helena. 

' (Territory. ISfiO; Stote. 1867 ; Land Grant. 1881.) 

t* University of Nebraska, Lincoln, 1869. 

Industrial College of the Uni^versity of Nebraska, Lincoln, 
1869; opened for students 1871. 
A Agricultural Experiment Station of Nebraska, Lincoln, 1887. 

Nebraska State Historical Society, Lincoln, 1878. 
No scientific society. 


(Territory. 1881 ; Stoto, 1884 ; Land Grant. 1806.) 

t * State University of Nevada, Reno [1865], 1874. 

School of Agriculture of the Nevada State University, BenO| 

A Nevada State Agricultural Station, Reno. 

No scientific or historical society. 


(Settled, 1619; State. 1788.) 

Dartmouth College, Hanover. [1758], 1770. 
* New Hampshire Col;lege of Agriculture and the Mechanic Arts 
(in connection with P^rtmontb College), Hanover, [1866], 1868, 

» • 


A Nxw HAMPflHiBB Agricultural Ezpbriuxnt Station, Hanover, 

m New HampehiTe Historical Society, Concord, 1823. 

No academy of science. 

(Settled, 1614.20 ; Stale, 1787.) 

College of New Jersey, Princeton, 1746. 
* Rutgers Scientific School of Rutgers College, New Brunswick. 
Made State. College of Agriculture and the Mechanic Arte [1864], 
t New Jersey State Agricultural Experiment Station, New 

Brunswick, 1880. 
/L New Jersey Agricultural College Experiment Station, New 
Brunswick, 1888. ^ 

New Jersey Historical Society, Newark, 1845. 
No academy of science. 


(Territory 1850 ; Lend Gnut, 1864.) 

University of New Mexico, Santa F6, 1881. 
t Agricultural College of New Mexico, Las Cruses. Established by 
Territorial Legislature, 188&-89. ^ ' 

Historical Society of New Mexico, Santa F^. 


Settled. 1613 ; State, 1788. 

The University of New York, 1787, is not a teaching body. It is in 
indirect relationship with Columbia College, 1754, Union College, 
Hamilton College, and numerous collegiate and technical schools. 

* Cornell University, Ithaca [1865], 1868. 
College of Agriculture of Cornell University, Ithaca, 1886. 

A Cornell University Agricultural Experiment Station, Ithaca, 
t New York Agricultural Experiment Station, Geneva, 1882. 

New York Historical Society, New York, 1804. 
New York Academy of Sciences, 1817. 


(Settled 1653; Stete. 1789.) 

t University of North Carolina, Cbapel Hill [1789], 1795. 

* North Carolina College of Agriculture and Mechanic Arts, 
Raleigh. Established by State, 1889. 

/^ t North Carolina Agricultural Experiment Station, IMeij^h, 
1877 and 1887. 




. (Territory, 1768; State. 1B03 ; Luid Grantt, 1702 And 1803.1 

Ohio Ukivrrsity, Athens. 1804. 
MiAjfi Univebsity, Oxford, 1809, 1816. 
1 * Ohio State Univkrsitt, ColUmbiu. Chartered 1870 ; organised, Sep- 
tember 17« 1873. 
A Ohio Aorioultural Expbrimsnt Station, Columbna, 1882 and 1888. 

« Historical and Philosophical Society of Ohio, Cincinnati. 

No State scientific society. 


* (Territorsr, 1848 ; State, 1859.) 

t University of Oregon, Eugene City, [ISSOJ, 1876. 

* Oregon State Agricultural College, Corvallis, 1888. 

A Oregon Experiment Station, Corvaliis, 1886. 

Pioneer and Historical Society, Astoria. 
No scientific society. 


(SetUed. 1826; State, 1787.) 

University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, 1751. 

* Pfnnsylvania State College, State College, 1859, 1862, and 1874. 
At Pennsylvania State College Agricultural Experimbnt Sta- 
tion, State College, 1887. 

American Philosophical Society, Philadelphia, 1709. 
Historical Society of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, 1824. 

(Settled, 1636; State. 1790.) 

* Brown University, Providence, 1764. 

Agricultural and Scientific Department of Brown Uniter- 
8ITY, Providence, 
t Rhode Island State Agricultural School, Kingston, 1888. 
A Rhode Island State Agricultural College Experimental Sta- 
tion, Kingston, 1888. 

Rhode Island Historical Society, Providence. 


(Settled, 1670; State, 1768.) 

f * University of South Carouna, Columbia, 1801 ; reorganized, 1865. 
South Carolina College of Agriculture and Mechanic Arts, 

University of South Carolina, Colnmbia, 1879. 
A South Carolina Agricultural Experiment Station, Colum- 
bia, 1888. 

* Clafun University and South Carouna Agricultural Colusgb 

and Mechanics' Institute, (Dept. of Univ. of S. C.) Orangeburg, 

South Carolina Historical Society, Charle9ton. 

160 American historical association. 


(Territory, 1790; State. 1796.) 

Univbrsitt of Nashville (Camberland College), 1806; discontinaed, 

t* University op Tennessee, Knoxville, 1806. 

State Agricultural and Mechanical College of the Univer- 
sity OF Tennessee, Knoxyille, 1869. 
A Tennessee Agricultural Experiment Station, Knoxyil|e| 
1882 and 1887. 

Tennessee Historical Society, Nashville. 


(Annexed, 1846; State, 1845.) 

t University of Texas, Austin [1839], 1866. 

* State Agricultural and Mechanix:;al College of Texas, College 

Station [1871], 1876. 
A Texas Agricultural Experiment Station, College Station, 1888. 

No historical or scientific society. 


(Territory, 1850 ; Land Grant, 1855.) 

University of Deseret, Salt Lake City, 1850. 
t Utah Agricultural ColLege, Logan City. Established by Terrir 
torial Legislatare, March 8, 1888. 


(Settled, 1755-58; State, 1791.) 

* University of Vermont [1791], 1800, and 

State Agricultural College, BnrliDgton, 1865-^67. 
At Vermont State Agricultural Experiment Station, Burlington, 

Vermont Historical Society, Montpelier. 


(Settled, 1600; State, 1788.) 

[College of Henrico. Projected in 1620.] 
William and Mary College, Williamsbnrgh, 1691. 
t University of Virginia, Charlottesville, 1819. 

* Virginia Agricultural and Mechanical College, Blacksbnrg, 

A Virginia Agricultural Experiment Station, Blacksburg, 1888. 

* Hampton Normal and Agricultural Institute, Hampton, Organ- 

ized by American Missionary Society, April, 1868 ; reorganised nnder 
charter from State, June, 1870. 

Virginia Historical Society, Richmond, 1831. 



(Torritory, 1853 ; State, 1889.) 
tlNiVERfiiTY OF Washikoton, Seattle, 1862. 


(State, 1862.) 

t* Wkst Virginia University, Morgantown, 1867.^ 

Agricultural Department of West Virginia University, Mor- 
gan towu. ' 
A West Virginia Experiment Station, Morgantown, 1888. 

West Virginia Historical Society, Morgantown. 


(Territory, 1836 ; State, 1847 ; Land Grautd, 1846 and 1854.) 

f * University of Wisconsin, Madison [1838], 1848. 

Department op Agriculture of the University of Wisconsin, 

Madison, 1866. 
A t Agricultural Experiment Station of the University of 
Wisconsin, Madison, 1883 and 1888. 

Wisconsin Historical Society, Madison. 

Wisconsin Academy of Science, Arts, and Letters, Madison, 1870. 


(Territory, 1868; State. 1889.) 

University of Wyoming, Laramie City. 

Wyoming Academy of Arts, Science, and Letters, Cheyenne. 

8. Mis. 170 11 


By Paul Leicester Ford, of Brooklyn^ N. ¥, 

Adams, Charles Francis. Address on the Two Hundred and Fiftieth An- 
niversary of the Permanent Settlement of Weymouth, Mass., July 4, 
1874. Boston. 1874. 

Adams, Charles Francis. Railroa^ls : their Origin and Problems. The 
Genesis of the Railroad System. New York, 1878. 

Adams, Charles Francis. The Earliest Explorations and Settlement of 
Boston Harbor. 

Memorial Kitfory of BotUtn, Vol. i, Chap. 3. Boston, 1880. 

Adams, Charles Francis. The Canal and Railroad Enterprise of Boston. 
Memorial Hi»tory o/ Boston, Vol. iv, Chap. 5. Beaton, 1881. 

AdamSi Charles Francis. Thomas Morton, of Merry Monnt. 
The New English Canaan, Prince Society Edition. BoBton, 1883. 

Adams, Charles Francis. Sir Christopher Gardiner, Knight. 

Proceedings of Massachusetts Historical Society, Vol. xx. Boston, 1683. 

Adams, Charles Francis. Qnincy. 

Bistory of Norfolk Cotmty, 3[ass,, Chap, xxili. Boston, 1384. 

Adams, Charles Kendall. Outlines of Lectures on th^ Growth of Lib- 
erty in England. 1870. 

Adams, Charles Kendall. - Democracy and Monarchy in France. New 
York, 1874; Stuttgart, Germany, 1875. 

Adams, Charles Kendall. The Relations of Higher Education to Na- 
tional Prosperity. 1876. 

Adams, Charles Kendall. Historical Sketch of the University of Michi- 
gan. 1876. 

Adams, Charles Kendall. Outlines of Lectures on the English Govern- 
ment and the Rise of Prussia. 1876. 

Adams, Charles Kendall. Higher Education and the State ; the Lesson 
of Colonial Days. 1878. 

Adams, Charles Kendall. Manual of Historical Literature. 1882. 

Adams, Charles Kendall. British Orations. 1884. 

Adams, Charles Kendall. Development of Higher Education in the 
United States. 18a5. 

Adams, CHARr.ES Kendall. A Plea for Scientific Agriculture. 1886. 

Adams, Charles Kendall. A Word in Behalf of Agricultural Experiment 
Stations. 1886. 

Adams, Charles Kendall. Higher Education in Germany. 1886. 



Adam6| Charles Kendall. Report on the Establiahment of a Law School 
at Cornell University. 1887. 

Adams, Charles Kendall. The Morrill Land Grant. 1887. 

Adams, Charles Kendall. Washington and the Higher Education. 1888. 

A DAMS, Charles Kendall. Contemporary Life and Thought in the United 
States. 1888. 

Adams, Charles Kendall. The Situation in Europe. 1888. 

Adai^s, Charles Kendall. The Defeat of President Cleveland. 1889. 
' Adams, Charles Kendall. Discussion: Defects in our Present Educa- 
tional Processes. 18H9. 

Adams, Charles Kendall. The Outlook of Higher Education. 1888. 

Adams, Charles Kendall. The Policy of Russia in the East. 1888. 

Adams, Charles Kendall. The Public School Question. 1888. 

Adams, Charles Kendall. The Teaching of Pedagogy in Colleges and 
Universities. 1888. 

Adams, George Burton. History Primers. Medieval Civilization. By 
George Burton Adams, Professor of History in Drury College. New- 
York. D. Appleton & Co. 1883. 
18mo, pp. 142. Editions, 2,000 copiea. 

Adams, George Burton. The Origin of the Feudal System. 

The Andover Revieio, Yol. vii, Xo. 40, April, 1887, p. 366, and No. 41, May, 1887, 
p. 505. 

Adams, George Burton. A Note on a Point of Mediaeval History. The 
year 1000. 

New Englander and Yale Uetiew, Vol. xii, Ko. 77, May, 1888* p. 360. 

Adams, Henry, editor. The Writings of Albert Gallatin, Philadelphia : 
J. B. Lippincott Sc Co., 1879. 

Vol. I. Lettors, etc. [1788-June 7, 1816], pp. xir, 707. 
Vol. II. Letters, etc. [ Jnly 12, 1816-May 8, 1848], pp. ix, 666. 
Vol. HI. Speeches and papers [1796-1847] (6), 646. 

Adams, Henry, editor. Essays in Anglo-Saxon Law. Little, Brown, & 
Co., Boston. Macnaillau & Co., Loudon, 1876. 
8vo, pp. xii, 302. 

Contents: The Anglo-Saxon court« of law, by Henry Adams, pp. 1-54. The 
Anglo-Saxon land-law, by Henry Cabot Lodge, pp. 55-119. The Anglo-Saxon 
family law, by Ernest Young, pp. 121-182. The Anglo-Saxon legal prooeduro, by 
J. Laurence Langhlln. pp. 183-305. Select cases in Anglo-Saxon law. pp. 307-383. 

Adams, Henry, editor. Documents relating to New England Federalism. 
1800-1815. Boston : Little, Brown & Co., 1877. 
8vo, pp. xi, 437. 

Adams, Henry, joint anthor. Chapters of Erie, and other essays. By 
Charles F. Adams, jr., and Henry Adams. Boston : James R. Osgood 
& Co., 1871. 

8vo, pp. (4) 429. 

The essays by Henry Adams in this collection are : 

The New York Gold Conspiracy, pp. 100-134. 

Captaine John Smith, pp. 192-22^. 

The Bank of England Restriction, pp. 225-268. 

British Finance in 1816, pp. 269-302. 

The Legal-Tender Act, by Francis A. Walker and Henry Adams, pp. 303-333. 


Adams, Hbnrt. The Life of Albert Gallatin. Philadelphia : J. B. Lippin- 
cott & Co., 1880. 

8vo, pp. (6) 697, 2 poriraita. 

Adams, Henry. American Statesmen. John Randolph. Boston: Hough- 
ton, Mifflin &' Co,, 1883. 
8vo, pp. vl, 318. 

Adams, Hbnry. History of the United States of America during the first 
admimstration of Thomas Jefferson. New York: Charles Soribuer's 
Sons, 1889. 

2 vola., 8vo. 

Vol. I. [1801-1803] pp. (6) 446. 

Vol. n. {1803-1805] pp. (3) 450 [Index, pp. 430-456], 1 map. 

Adams, Hkrbkrt Baxter. Maryland's influence in founding a National 
Commonwealth, embracing two minor papers on Washiiigton^s Land- 
Speculations and Washington's Public Spirit in opening a channel of 
Trade between the East and the West. 

Maryland Hittorieal Society, Fund Publication, No. 11, 1877. 

Adams, Herbert Baxter. The Thomas Adams ifnd Thomas Hastings 
Families of Amherst, Massachusetts. Privately printed, Amherst, 
ADAMSf Herbert Baxter. Translation of Blnntschli's Essay on the Serv- 
ice^of Francis Lieber to Political Science and International Law. 
JnUmatiojial Iteviexo, January, 1880. 
Bepriiit«d In Lieber's Miscellaneous Wrxtings, Vol. li. 

Adams, Herbert Baxter. The Germanic Origin of New England Towns. 
Abstract in Harvard Univergity Bulletin, Jaoe, 1881. Printed in Univernty 
Studies, 1882. 

Adams, Herbert Baxter. The Origin of Stockbridge and of Village Im- 
provement in Berkshire. 
* Berkshire Cotirier, Groat BarriDgton, Mass., August 30, 1882. 

Adams, Herbert Baxter. Historical Reviews in The Nation, Lodge's 
Short History of the English Colonists in America (May 26, 1881). 
Yorktown (October 13, 1881). Draper's King's Mountain (December 1, 
18:51). Freemau^s Subject and Neighbour-lands of Venice (February 
9, 1882). Libraries in Baltimore (February 9, 1882). The St. Clair 
Papers (May 4, 1882). Freeman's William Rufus (June 22, 1882). 

Adams, Herbert Baxter. Plymouth Rock Restored. 

Magazine of American History, December, 1882, and January, 1883. 

Adams, Herbert Baxter. Norman Constables in America. 

New England Historic, Genealogical Society, Proc., April, July, 1882; University 
Studies, 1883; see, also, article on "Constable," in the Supplement to the Bncyelo- 
peedia Britannica. 

Adams, Herbrrt Baxter. Saxon Tithingmen in America. 

American Antiquarian Society, Proe., Vol. i, pt. 3; University Studies, 1888. 

Adams, Herbert 'Baxter. Village Communities in America, comprising 
seven minor papers. 

Historical CoUeetions of Essex Institute, Vol. XIX; republished as "Cape Ann 
and Salem Plantations," in University Studies, Vol. i; aee, also, article on "Com- 
mons," in the Supplement to the Encyclopcpdia Britannica. 

Adams, Herbert Baxter. The Pilgrim Fathers as Colonists. 

UriiversUy Circulars, 7. 


Adams, Herbert Baxter. Mr. Freeman's Visit to Baltimore ; Preface to 
Freeman's Introdnction to American Institutional History. 
Univtr$ity Studies, Vol. I. No. 1, 1883. 

Adams, Herbert Baxter. Co-operation in Uui varsity Work. 

HUt and Polii. Studies, Vol. I, Ko. 2, 1883. 

Adams, Herbert Baxter. A New Historical Movement. 
The Kation, New York, September 18. 1884. 

Adams, Herbert Baxter. Special Methods of Historical Study in Q. 

Stanley Hall's Pedafcogical Library, Vol. i, 1883, extended 1885. 
Adams, Herbert Baxter. New Methods of Study in History. 
Journal qf Soeial Seienee. Saratoga. Papers of 1883. 

Adams, Herbert Baxter. Methods of Historical Study. 

University Studies, Vol. il, 1884. 

Adams, Herbert Baxter. Blnntschli's Life- Work. 
Privately printed. Baltimore, 1884. 

Adams, Herbert Baxter. Methods of Historical Study.* 

University Studies, 2d aeries, 1-11, 1884. 

Adams, Herbert Baxter. The Society to Encourage Studies at Home. 
The Independent, September 17, 1885. 

Adams, Herbert Baxter. Maryland's lufluence upon Land Cessions to 
the^nit«d States, with Minor Papers on George Washington's Interest 
in Western Lands, the Potomac Company, and a National University. 
University Studies, 3d aeries, No. 1, 1885. 

Adams, Herbert Baxter. English Views on the Study of History. 

The Index, October 8, 1885. 

Adams, Herbert Baxter. History at Harvard University. 
Education, May. Jauo, 1886. 

Adams, Herbert Baxter. History at Columbia College. 

Education, October, 1888. • 

Adams, Herbert Baxter. History at Yale University. 
Education, January, 1887. 

Adams, Herbert Baxter. The Land Question, National Problems, 
Article xxxvi. 

Boston Times, September 6, 1886. 

Adams, Herbert Baxter. Notes on the Literature of Charities. 

Report of the Oof\ference on Charities. Baltimore, 1887. 
Also, in University Studies, 6tb series, Ko. 8, 1887. 

Adams, Herbert Baxter. The Government of Cities. 

The Beacon. Boston. February 12, 1887. 

Adams, Hkrbkkt Baxter. The College of William and Mary : a Contri- 
bution to the History of Higher Education, with suggestions for its 
National Promotion. 

U. S. Bureau of Education, Circular of Information, No. 1, 1887. 

Adams, Herbert Baxter. Leopold von Kanke. 

American Academy of Arte and Sciences, Proceedings, Vol. xxii, pt. 2. 

Also, in Proceedings of American Historical Asiociation, Vol. Ill, with an 
account of "Ranke anil tbe Historical commisr^ion of tbe Bavarian Academy of 
Sciences," and "Biblio^raitbioal notes on Leopold von Ranke." 

Adams, Herbert Baxter. The Study of History in American Colleges 
and Universities. 

U. S. Bureau of Education, Circular of Information, No. 2, 1887. • 


Adams, Hekbert Baxter. Seminary Libraries and University Extension. 

TTnivtrtity Studies, dth series, 1887. 

Adams, Hbbbbrt Baxter. L'Acad^mie des fitats-Uais de PAm^nqne. 
Tke Academy. Syracuse, K. Y. 

Adams, Herbert Baxter. Thomas Jefferson and the University of 


V. 8. Bureau of Education^ Oireular of Jnformaiion, No. 1, 1888.^ 

AdaMs, Herbert Baxter. Pioneer Work of Jared Sparks. 
Magazine o/Afnerican Itietory, July, 1888. 

Adams, Herbert Baxter. Higher Education of the People. A recent 

experiment in Buffalo. 

OktrieHan Univn, May 17, 1888. 

Adams, Herbert Baxter. Higher Education of the People. Recent Ex- 
periments in Baltimore. 

- The Independent, Jane 7, 1888. 

A1>AMS, Herbert Baxter. Higher Education of the People. The Work 
of Chautauqua. 

The Independent, September and October, 1888. 

Adams, Herbert Baxter. Boys' Clubs in Baltimore. 

The Ohrietian Vnion, June 21, 1888. 

Adams, Herbert Baxter. The Encouragement of Higher Education. 

Johns Hopkine University Cireulars, March, 1889, and in notes supplementary to 
University Studies, No. 3, 1889. 

Adams, Herbert Baxter. Charles Dickinson Adams. In Memorlam. 

Priraiely printed. Baltimore, 1889. 

Adams, Herbert Baxter. Work among Working Women in Baltimore. 

Christian Union, June 6 and 13, 1889. 

Also, in Notes Supplementary to University Studies, No. 6, 1889. 

Adams, Herbert Baxter. The State and Higher Education. 

An address before the Department of Superintendence, Washington, D. C, 
March 8, 1889. 

Adams, Herbert Baxter. Reports of the Proceedings of the American 
Historical Association, 1885-'89. 

Adams, Herbert Baxter. Contributions to American EducationaF His- 
tory, Nos. 1-8, 1888-^90. 

Adams, Herbert Baxter, editor. Johns Hopkins University Studies in 
Historical and Political Science, Series 1-7, 1882-89; Extra volumes 1- 
G, 1886-'89; Notes Supplementary to the Studies 1-8, 1889. 

Adams, Herbert Baxter. Review of Recent Historical Literature in the 
United States. 

lUvue Jlistorigue. Paris, 1890. 

Adams, Sherma?< Wolcott, joint author. Paris in December, 1851, or 
The Coup d'Etat of Napoleon III. By Eugene T^not, author of <<La 
Province en D^cembre 1851.'' Translated from the thirteenth French 


edition y with many Origiaal Notee. By S. W. Adams and A. H. Bran- 
don. New. York : Hurd & Houghton, Cambridge Riverside Preas, 1870. 

12iDO, pp. XV, 350. 

Reviewed by Tfie Xaticn, New York, the Hartford Courant, and iHiroe of the 
New York daily preaa, contemporaneously with publication of the volume. 
Most of*the translation and all of the annotation was the work o( Mr. Adams. 
One edition, 1,200 cojiiea. not eleotiotypod. 

Adams, Sukrman Wolcott. Tbo Andros Government, Chap, iv, i; The 
lionch and Bar, Chap, vi, i; The Militia, Chap, ix, i; The Town; 
Wethersfield, Chftp. xxv, ii ; Rocky Hill, Chap, xxvi, ii, of the Me- 
morial Hi.story of Hartford County, Connecticut, 1633-1HS4. Editied 
by J. Hammond Trumbull, LL.D. Boston: Edward L. Osgood, 138G. 
2 vols., lai'ge 8vo, pp. 704 and 570. 

Adams, Sherman Wolcott. Report of the Secretary of State and State 
Librarian [of Connecticut] to tho General Assembly on Ancient Court 
Records. Hartford: The Case, Lock wood &.Bratnard Co.* Printers. 
8vo, pp. 38. 

See the report for mention of the work of Mr. Adams. 


Adams, Shkrman Wolcott. Documents and Memoranda relating to the 
Origin and Present Status of The Hartford Library Company ; The 
Hartford Library Association ; The Connecticut Historical Society ; 
Wadsiitorth Atheniuum and The Watkinson Library. Compiled under 
the direction of the Connecticut Historical Society, Hartford, 1881). 
8vo, pp. (about) 100. In press. 

In this work, the compilation is mainly by Mr. Adams; and the notes, signed 
with the initials " S. "W. A. ", are his. 

Adler^ Cyrus. Catalogue of the Leeser Library. Philadelphia, 1883. 

Adler, Cyrus. Spelling Reform. 
Amt^rieari, Angnst 11, 1883. 

Adlkr, Cyrus. Recent Discoveries Concerning Nimrod. 

Art}£ri4Mn, August 2, 1884. 

Adler, Cyrus. The Revision of the Bible. 
AmfHean, June 13, 1885. 

Adler, Cyrus. Ancient Education. 
A^neriean, June 12, 1886. 

Adler, Cyrus. The University Extension Movement. 

American, Anj^st 7, 1886. 

Admcr, Cyrus. The Clock an Index of Culture. (Review of Spitzer 
. "DirUhr.") 

American, August 28, 1886. * 

Adler, Cyrus. Assyriological Notices to the Old Testament. 
Awieruran, (October 2, 1886. 

Adler, Cyrus. The History of Jewish Literature. 

American, January 1, 1887. 

Adler, Cyrus. Modern Palestine. 

American, May 14, 1887. « 

Adler, Cyrus. Tho Bible and Assyrian Study. 

American, July 16 and 23, 1887. 

Adler, Cyrus. Catalogue of the Cohen Library. Baltimore, 1887. 


Adler, Cyrus. Announcement oiF a proposed complete edition of the 
works of Edward Hincks, with a biographical iutrodnction and por- 
trait of the author. 

Prncetdingg of the American Oriental Society, May, 1888, pp. xxii-xxvii; ibid., 
October, pp. ci-civ. 

Adler, Cyrus. Assyfiology in Japan. 

• Proceedings of the American Oriental Society, October, 1889. 

Ai>LER, Cyrus. Reviews in 77*c Jwmca n (Philadelphia): Besant's Life of 
Edward Henry Palmer, October i:3, 1863; Osborn's Ancient Egypt in 
the Light of Modern Discoveries, November 24, 1883; Sayce^s Fresh 
Light from the Ancient Monuments, March 1, 1884; Say ce's Ancient 
Empires of the East, October 25, 1884 ; Supplement to Skeat's Etymolo- 
gical Dictionary, November 8, 1H84 ; Budge's Babylonian Life and His- 
tory, December 27, 1884 ; Wright^s Empire of the liittites, January 31, 
188.'>; William Tyndale^s Pentateuch, edited by J. I. Mombert, Febru- 
ary 21, 1885 ; Sayce*8 Introduction to the Books of Ezra, Nehemiah, and 
Esther, June 6, 1885; *'Die Medizin dcr Talmudisten" of Dr. Josef 
Bergel, June 27, 1885 ; Vicker's " History of Herod," November 7, 1885; 
Chester's "Chronicles of the Customs," November ^4, 1885; Sayce's 
"Assyria, its Princes, Priests, and People," January 23, 1886; H. B. 
Adams' " William and Mary College," June 4, 1887 ; Conder's Altaic 
Hieroglyphs and Hittite Inscriptions, September 17, 1887; Seidel's In- 
dustrial Education, April 14, 1888; Sayce's Hibbert Lectures, June 16, 
1888; Renan's History of Israel, Vol. I, December 1 and 8, 1888; Vol. 
II, August 3 and 10, 1889; Sayce's Hittites, April 27, 1889; Records'of 
the PJwt, Vol. I, May 18, 1889 ; Rajoziu's Media, March 10, 1889 ; Jast- 
row's Dictionary, September 21, 1889. Xaiion (N. Y.) : " Studia Bibll- 
ca," March 18, 1886 ; Hosmer*8 Story of the Jews, May 27, 1880 ; Raw- 
lingson's Egypt and Babylon, April, 1887; Rawliugsou's Story of Phoj- 
nicia, August 29, 1889. Andover Bevietv : Menaut's Assyria, August, 

Adler, Ctrus. The City of Harran. Notes on its name and history. 

Johns Uopkim University Gireulars, No. 32, July, 1884, pp. 12C, 127. 
The Biblical Harran in identical with Kappat, Carnn, famod in (jlreek and Roman 
hlfttory. Thtt name is derived from Babylonian b^rrdnu, "highway." 

Adlkr, Cyru8. Semitic Languages in the Encyclopjedia Britanuica. 
Proceeding Avterican Philoloffieal Association, July, 1887, pp. xiv-xvii. 

Adler, Cyrus. The Legends of Semiramis and the Nimrod Epic. 
Johns Hopkins University Circulars, No. 65, January, 1887. 

Adler, Cyrus. The Views of the Babylonians concerning Life after Death. 
. Andover Review, July, 1888, pp. 92-101; abstract in Journal American Oriental 
Society, Vol. xni, pp. coxxxviii-ccxliii. 

The Aj«.<)yn>-Babylonians believed in a future life. Reward and puuishnieut, 
however, were awarded in the flesh. A few of the favorites of the gods were 
traiwlated to the iKios of the blessed and continued to enjoy the same sort of exist- 
ence they had in the upper world. 

Adler, Cykus. The Death of Sennacherib and the Accession of Esar- 

Journal of the American Oriental Society, Vol. xiii, October, 1887, pp. ccxxxv- 

Showed that the account in the Bible and ancient aut hots of Sennacherib's murder 
is correct; and that although Sennacherib wu.s uiiirdercd in the year 681, his son 
BBAfhaddon did not come t4) the throne until the following year, 680 B. C. 


Adler, Cyrus. Sources of American-Jewish History. 
The ifenoraA, Vol. r. No. 3, September. 1888, pp. 191-193. 

Open letter proposiug the collection anil publication of materialc for the hifltoiy 
of Jewish settlement iu America. 

Adler, Ctrus. Sources of Americaa-Jewisli History. Jews in Massa- 

The Menorah, Vol. vi, No 4. October, 1888. pp. 25«-2«). 

Adlbr, Cyrus. Sources of American- Jewish History. Jews in Savannah. 
The Menorah, Vol. vu, No. 4, October, 1889, pp. 192-197; November, 1889, pp. 26^- 

Adler, Cyrus. The Shofar; its Use and Origin. 
Proeeedinge American Oriental Society, October. 1889. 

Allan, William. Chan eel lorsville. By William Allan, formerly Lieu- 
tenant'Colouel and Chief Ordnance Officer, Second Corps, Army North- 
em Virginia, and Jed. Hotchkiss, formerly Captain and Topographi- 
cal Engineer, Second Corps, Army Northern Virgiaia. New York : D. 
Van Nostrand & Co. 

Allan, William, tlistory of the Campaign of General T. J. (Stonewall) 
Jackson, iu the Shenandoah Valley of Virginia, from Novemher 4, 1861, 
to June 17, 1862. By William Allan, formerly Lieutenant- Colonel and 
Chief Ordnance Officer, Second Corps, A. N. V. With full maps of the 
region and of the battle fields. By Jed. Hotchkiss, formerly Captain 
and Topographical Engineer, Second Corps,. A. N. V. Philadelphia: 
J. B. Lippincott & Co. 

8to, pp. 175, maps, portrait of General Jackaon. 750 copies. 

Allan, WiLU AM. Life of John McDonogh, founder of McDonogh School. 
By William Allan, A. M., LL. D., principal of McDonogh School. 

In addition to the books and pamphlets above mentioned, Col. Allan oontriboted 
articles on the history of the War, to the Century, to the Southern Bivouac, to the 
Southern Hietorical Papers, to the Southern Review, and to the Magckzine of Ameri- 
can Hietory. Ho was also a frequent reviewer of military books for The Nation. 

At the time of hiH death. September 17, 1889, he had Jast completed a work on 
the campaigns in Virginia, from June 17, 1862 to the battle of ChancellorsTQIe, 
which, it is hoped, will be published daring the carrentyear. , 

Allen, William Francis. The Negro Dialect. 

The Natiiyn, Vol. i, pp. 744-7>l.'>. Also, other Articles in The Nation, chiefly on the 
South in the reconstruction period, signed ''Marcel." 

Allen, William Francis. Slavery in Rome. 

North American Review^ Vol. 91, pp. 90-107. 

Allbn, William Francis. Classical Handbook. Edited witlTT. P. Allen. 
Boston, 1861. 
8vo, pp. 123. 

Allen, William Francis. Democracy on Trial. 

Christian Examiner, 1803, March, pp. 362-394. 

Allen, William Francis. Freedmen and Free Labor in the Sonth. 

Christian Examiner. May, 1804, pp. 344-374. 

Allen, William Francis. Free Labor in Louisiana. 

Christian Examiner, 1865, May, pp. 383-399. 

Allen, William Francis. Slave Songs of the United Statee. Compiled 
in connection with Chas. P. Ware and Lnoy M. Garrison. New York, 

8to, pp. 115. 


AlleNi William Francis. The American Execative. 
Christian Examiner, 1868, ^aroh, pp. 174-196. 

Allen, William Francis. Latin Reader. Edited with J. H. Allen. Bos- 
ton, 1869. 

12mo, pp. 205. 

Allen, William Francis. Latin Lessons. Edited with J. H. Allen. 
Boston, 1870. 
12mo, pp. 134. 

Allen, William Francis. Religion of Ancient Greece. 

North Atnerican Review, YoL 109, pp. 106-121. 

Allen, William Francis. Freeman's Norman Conquest. 

North Ameriean Beview, Vol. ex, pp. 349-377. 

Allen, William Francis. Manual Latin Gn^mmar. With J. H. Allen. 
Boston, 1870. 
12mo, pp. 145. 

Allen, William Francis. Territorial Development of Prussia. 
Aldine, September, 1871. 

Allen, William Francis. Territorial Development of Russia. 

Aldine, November, 1871. 

Allen, William Francis. Territorial Growth of Austria. 
Aldine, July, 1871. 

Allen, William Francis. The Rural Population of England as Classified 
in Domesday Book. 

Tranea^tiane Wiseomin Academy (^ Seiencee, Arte, and Lettere, Vol. i, pp. 167- 
178. MadiaoD. 1872. 8vo. 

Allen, William Francis. Shorter Course of Latin Prose. Edited with 
J. H. Allen and J. B. Greeuough. Boston, 1873. 
12mo, pp. 205. 

Allen, William Francis. Latin Selections. Edited with J. H. Allen 
and J. B. Groenongh. Boston. 1H7:{. 
12mo. pp. 64. 

Allen, William Francis. Religion of the Romans. 

North American Review, Vol. 113, 1873, pp. 30-62. 

Allkn, William Francis. Utility of Classical Studies as a means of Men- 
tal Discipline. 

Wieconein Journal of Education, Vol. iv, pp. 11-16. Democi-at County, Madiaon, 
Wis., 1874. 

Allen, Wiixiam Francis. The Rural Classes of England iu the Thirteenth 


Traneaetiona Wieeonain Academy o/ Seiencee, ji rle. and Lettere, Vol. n, pp. 226- 
233. MadisoQ, 1874. 8vo. 

Allen, William Francis. Ranks and Classes Among the Anglo-Saxons. 
Tranaactione Wieconein Academy of Sciences, Arts, and Lettere, Vol. ii. pp. 234- 
240. Madison, 1874. 8vo. 

Allen, William Francis. A Day with a Roman Gentleman. 

HaureAt Home, Vol. x, pp. 389-402. 

Allen, William Francis. The Utility of Classical Studies. 

Wieconein Journal of Education, Vol. 4, No. 1, pp. 11-16. Madiaon, 1874. 

Allen, William Francis. Sallust's Cataline. Edited with J. H. Allen 
and J. B. Greeuough. Boston, 1874. 
12mo, pp. 84. 


Allen, William Francis. Cicero de Senectute. Edited with J. H. Allen 
and J. B. Greenoagh. Boston^ 1875. 
12ma, pp. 67. 

Allen, William Francis. Preparatory Latin Coarse. Edited with J. H. 
Allen and J. B. Grecnough. Boston, 1875. 
12mo, pp. 301. 

Allen, William Francis. Ovid. Edited with J. H. Allen and J. B. 
Greenoagh. Boston, 1875. 
12mo, pp. 282. 

Allen, William Francis. Virgil. Edited with J. H. Allen and J. B. 
Greenoagh. Boston, 1875. 
12d]o, pp. 188. 

Allen, William Francis. United State.«8 So\rerei<ruty— Whence Derived 
and Where Vested. 

Trantactiont Wiseotuin AccbAemy of Sciences, Artg, and Lettert, Vol. 3, pp. 125-132. 
8vo. Madison, 1876. 

Allen, William Fr ' NCis. Practical Education. 

An address before the University of Nebraska, 1876, pp. 22. 
Printed for the University of Nebraska. 1876. 

Allen, William Francis. Agriciiltnre in the Middle Ages. 

TranmeUoru Wiaco}^tin State AgrictUtural Society, 1876-77, pp. 20S-2I6. Madison, 
1877. 8vo. 

Allen, William Francis. Latin Composition. Boston, 1877. 

12mo, pp.40. 

Allen, William Francis. Tlie Origin of the Freeholders. 

Tramaetions Wi$eongin Academy of Sciences, Artt, and Lettert, VoL iv, pp. 19-24. 
Madison, 1879. 8 vo. 

Allen, William Francis. Peasant Conimnnities in France. 

JTrantaetions Wisconsin Academy of S i^nees, Arts, and Letters, Vol. it, pp. 1-6. 
Madison, 1879. 8 vo. 

Allen, William Francis. Mr. Morgan npon Early Roman History. 

The Penn Monthly, Vol. x, pp. 115-125. £dward Stem &. Co., Philadelphia, 1879. 

Allen, William Francis. Mr. Morgan's Classificatory System of Rela- 

Penn Monthly. Vol. XI, pp. 487-495. Bdward Stern & Co., Pliiladelpbia, 1880. 

Allen, William Francis. Germania and Agricola of Tacitns. Boston, 

8vo, pp. 68. 

Allen, William Francis. Mr. Morgan's Classificatory System of Re- 

Penn Monthly, Vol. xi, No. 120, pp. 487-495. 

Allen, William Francis. The English Cottagers of the Middle Ages. 

Transactions Wiseomin Academy of Sciences, Arts, and Letters, Vol. v, 1882, pp. 
1-12. Madison. 1882. 8vo. 

Allen, William Francis. History of Land-Holding. 

Science, VoL ll, iip. 768-769. Tbe Science Company, Cambridge, Masa., 1883. 

Allen, William Francis. Primitive Communiiies. 

Science, Vol. in, pp. 786-789. The Science Company, Cambridge, Masa., 1884. 

Allen, Willi AM Francis. Land Comiiumities among the Ancient Germans. 
Transactions Wisconsin Academy of Sciences, Arts, and Letters, Vol vi, pp. 28-^2. 
Madison, 1885. 8vo. 


Allen, William Francis. Caesar's Gallic War. Edited with J. H. Allen 
and J. B. Greenonp^h. BostoD, 1885. 

8vQ, pp.. 149. 

Allen, William Francis. Gradation and the Topical Method of His- 
torical Study, and History Topics. 

H<M'9 Method* of Teaching and Studying Hittory, Boston, 1885* 8vo, pp. 106. 

Allen, William Francis. How the Roman Spent His Year. 

LippincoU'9, Vol. 33, pp. 345-354. 447-456. 

Allen, William Francis. Historical Introdaction to Ginn's Piatarch. 
Boston, 1886. 
12mo, pp. 9. 

Allen," William Francis. Town, Township, and Tithing. 

Transactions Wisconsin Academy of Sciences, Arts, and Letters, Vol. vii, pp. 141- 
Privately printed in revised form. 

Allen, William Francis. The Village Conimnnity and Serfdom in Eng- 
land. ^ 

Transactions Wisconsin Academy of Sciences, Arts, and Letters, Vol. vn, pp. 130- 
Privately printed in revised form. 

Allen, William Francis. Outline Studies in the History of Ireland. 
Chicago, 1887. 
32roo, pp. 7. 

Allen, William Francis. The Monetary Crisis in Rome, A. D. 33. 

Transactions of the American Philological Society, 1687, pp. 5-18. 

Allen, William Francis. Lex Cnriata de Imperio. 

Proceedings American Philological Association, July, 1888, pp. 19. 

Allen, William Francis. Locality of the Saltiis Tenfoburgiensis. 
Proceedings American Philological Association, July, 1888. 

Allen, William Francis. History Topics for High Schools and Colleges. 
Boston, 1888. 
12mo, pp. 121. 

Allbx, William Francis. The Reader's Guide to English History ; with 
snpplemeut extending the plan to other countries and periods. Boston, 

24roO, pp. 49. 

Ali^n, William Francis. Select Orations of Cicero. Edited with J. H. 
Allen and J. B. Greenough. Boston, 1889. 
12mo, pp. 44. 

Allen, William Francis. The Place of the Northwest in General His- 

Papers of the American Historical Association, Vol. Hi, No. 2, pp. 87-104. New 
York, 1889. 

Allen, Willia.m Francis. Short History of the Roman People. Boston, 


12 mo., pp. 370. 


Anderson, Joseph. The Temperance Refonnation in its Latest Aspects. 
A lecture delivered in the First Congregational Church, in this city, 

Sanday evening, January 28, 1^2. 

The Waterbury American, Waterbary, Conn., January 31 and Fobruary 1, and 
in the weekly edition, February 2, 1872. • 

Largely bUtorical,— containing an acconnt of the variona stages through which 
tho "temperance '* movement had paseed preTions to the date of the lecture. 

Anderson, Joseph. A Discourse in Commemoration of tho late Green 
Kendrick, delivered in the First Church, Waterbury, Sunday, Septem- 
ber 21, 1873. 

The WtUerbury American, September 26, 1873. 

Mr. Kendrick "was in 1851 elected Lieutenant-GoTc^rnor of Connecticut, and 
subsequently, in an election by tho Legislature, came within one vote of being 
chosen Governor." 

Anderson, Joseph. Aaron Benedict. A Memorial. '^Tbou sbalt come 
to thy gravo iu a fall age, like as a shock of corn cometh in in his 
season.^' 1873. Waterbury : Press of the American Printing Company. 
I^rge 8vo, pp. 58. 

Includes memoir, funeral address, obituary notices, etc. Portraits of Mr. and 
Mrs. Benedict and a great-granddaughter. 

The memoir contains many facts relating to tho history of the great brass in- 
dustry in the Naugatnck Valley, in Connecticut. 

Andbrson, Joseph. The Office of Deaconess in Congregational Churches. 

Eeprintod ftom The Congregational Quarterly, 1874. 

8vo, pp. 20. 

A paper read before the General Conference of the Congregational Churches of 
Connecticut, at Middletown, November 0, 1873, and published by vote of the Con- 
ference. It appears, with many notes added, in the January number of The Oon- 
gregational Quarterly^ 1874. Lists of books and articles on deaconesses, sister- 
hood, etc., are given on pp. 3, 4, and 18. 

Revised in The Waterbury American Man^h 14, 1874 and in The Nation March 2S, 

Anderson, Joseph. Introduction to "History of the Town of Wolcott, 
(Conn.), by Rev. Samuel Orcutt, Waterbury, Conn. 1874. 
The introduction occupies pp. Zii-xvii. 

Anderson, Joseph. Three-Quartei*s of a Century : A Historical Retro- 
spect. A discourse delivered in the First Church in Waterhury, Sun- 
day evening, December 26, 1875. 

The Waterbury American, December 31, 1875. 

Anderson, Joseph. The Congregational Churches of Connecticnt and the 

National Centennial. 
8vo, pp. 8. 

Contains a plan for the celebration of the Nation's Centennial, 1876, by the Con< 
neoticut churches. 

"At the request of the standing c-ommittee of tho General Conference this ciron- 
lar was prepared by the Rev. Joseph Anderson, of Waterbury." 
Republished in The JUligioue Berald, Hartford, Conn., ^pril 13, 1876. 

Anderson, Joseph. The Growth of a Christian Literature. An address . 
delivered in the Center Church, New Haven, before the General Con- 
ference of the Congregational Churches of Connecticut, Thursday 
evening, November 16, 1876. 

Pp. 193-201 of Centennial Paperg, pabl{8h<»d by order of the General Cnpferenoe 
of the Congregational ChurcheH of Conuecticnt. Hartfoid : Press of the Case, 
Lockwood & Brainard Company, 1877. 
8vo, pp. 214. 

In an introductory note the author says : " My field of view in the address wa^ 
New England, and, for the most part, Connecticut only." 


AjWK^aoVf Joseph. In Memoriam : John Qraeff Barton. 

The ColUge Echo, Jane, 1877. 

A poem, ' ' read at the twenty •flftli anniversary of the Phrenooosmian Sooiety 
(of the College of the City of New York], Hay 25, 1877." 

AUDXRSON, Joseph. History of "The Fond for Ministers'' l)elonging to 
the General Conference of the Congregational Churches of Connect!- 
cat, with some aoconnt of other organizations for ministerial aid. 
Issned by the Trustees of the Fundi as an appeal in it^ behalf. New 
York : D. H. Gildersleeve & Co., 1878. 
8vo, pp. 48. % 

AndkrsoNi Joseph. Foot-prints of the Red Man in the Naugatuck Val- 
ley. A lecture delivered at Irving Hall, Waterbury, Conn., January 
27, 1879, under the auspices of the Mattatuck Historicnl Society. A 
second lecture, delivered February 17, 1879. 

The WaUrhury American, February 7 and March 7, 1879. 

Republished (with additions by the Rev. S. Orcatt) iu "The History of the Old 
Town of Derby, Connecticat. By Samuel OiTutt aud Ambrose Beardsley, M.'D., 
Springfield, Mass., 1880." The materials of the lectures constitute a large part of 
tlie "Indian History*' (pp. xTii-xo), prefixed to this volume. A list of Indian 
names of places, compiled by the author of the lectures, is given on pp. xoUi-xcvii. 
The same materials are reproduced, with still further additions, in Mr.Orcutt's 
" Indians of the Hoasatonio and Naugatuck Valleys, Hartford, 1882 ;" but the lect- 
urer's name no longer appears. 

Akdsrson, Joseph. High Rook Grove. A description, geographical, his- 
torical, poetical, and practical, of the famous picnic ground of the 
Naugatuck Yalley. Issued by the Naugatuck Railroad Company. 
Boston: Franklin Press: Rand, Avery & Co., 1880. 
8vo, pp. ao, 8 illnstrations. 

Anderson, Joseph. John Bristol Brockett. Memorial address. Milford, 
Conn., November 3, 1880. 
Small 4to, 1 4 leaves. 
Privately printed. 

Andbrson, Joseph. Rev. Dr. Anderson's address at the Naugatuck 
Church Centennial. How the Early Settlements obtained their Politi- 
cal Rights and Church Privileges. Delivered at the Cent-en ary of the 
Congregational Church, Naugatuck, Conn., February 22, 1881. 

The Waierbury B^;mhliean, February 2a, 1881. 

Also in the Naugatuck Weekly Review, March 3, 1881. 

Anderson, Joseph. Memorial Discourse. The Duty of Commemorating 
the Nation's Dead, and how we may fulfill it. An address delivered 
in the First Congregational Church, Sunday evening, May 29, 1881 
(the eve of Decoration day). 

The Waterbury AmerUan, May 80, 1881. 

Republished in part in "History of the Soldiers' Monument in Waterbury, 
Conn., 1880" (PP- 20-26). 

Anderson, Joseph. A Seventeen Years' Pastorate. An anniversary ad- 
dress, delivered in the First Congregational Church in Waterbury, 
Conn., February 12, 1882. 

The Waterbury American, February 14, 1882. 

Anderson, Joseph. Waterbury Burying Grounds. A discourse, descrip- 
tive and historical, delivered in the First Congregational Church, Sun- 
day evening, April 27, 1884. 

The Waterbury American, April, 28, 18S4. 


Anderson, Joseph. The Americau Congress of Chnrches. Prooeedings 
of the Hartford meeting, 1885. Published under the direction of the 
executive committee. Hartford: The Case, Lockwood & Brainard 
Company, 1885. 

8vo, pp. 149. 

On pp* 20-25: "Iliatorical Account of tho Congress of Churches," bj' Joseph 
Anderson, D. D., ch4a"'rman of the executive committee and editor of tho volume. 
The " Histoncal Account " was puWIsheil in the Hartford Courant arid The Water- 
bury American May 14, 1885; also in The Christian Standard, Cincinnati, Ohio, 
June 13, 1885. 

Anderson, Joseph. Free Masonry in Waterbury. A Historical Sketch of 
Local Masonic Organizations, with Lists of Officers, etc. - 
The Waterbuiy American, February 26 ; also March 5, 1886. 
A friendly account of Masonic organizations by one who is not a Free Mason. 

Anderson, Joseph. The American Congress of Churches. Proceedings 
of the Cleveland Meeting, 1886. Published under the direction of the 
Executive Committee. Hartford, Conn. : Press of the Case, Lockwood 
& Brainard Company, 1886. 

8vo, pp. 212. 

On pp. 23-32: '•The First Year of the Conpress." By Rev. Joseph Anderson, 
D. P., chairman of the executive committee and editor of the volume. 

Anderson, Joseph. History of the Soldiers* Monument in Waterbury, 

Conn. To which is added a list of the soldiers and sailors who went 

from Waterbury to fight in the war for tho Union. [Quotation' from 

Tennyson's *' Tiresias."] Printed for the Monument Committee, 1886. 

8vo, pp. vni, 170, 6 plates. 

The volume contains : "I. History of the Monument," pp. l-.^ ; •' II. Dedication 
of the Monument," pp. 53-100; "III. Tho Monument Fund," pp.lOJ-122; "TV. 
The Men "Whom the Monument Commemoratea." pp. 123-170. 
Reviewed in The Waterbury Aftieriean March 24 and 26, 1887. 

Anderson, Joseph. A New History of Waterbury, Conn. Memorandum 
of Bubjectfl to bo treated in the work. Printed by Price, Lee & Co., 
New Haven, Conn., 1887. 
8vo, pp. 4. 

Contains a numbered list of thirty -six topics and departments, which are to re- 
ceive attention in the New History of Waterbury, now in preparation (18SK)) by 
Miss Sanih J. Prichard and Miss Anna L. Ward. 

Anderson, Joseph. Book of the Riverside Cemetery, Waterbury, Conn. 
A Description and History, with Illustrations. Also the Charter and 
Laws, Dedicatory Addresses, etc. Press of the Waterbury Printing 
Company, 1889. 

Large 8vo, pp. vni, 86, 29 plates. 

One of the dedicatory addresses (pp. 53-61) is by the author of the History. The 
address was first published in The WaU'rbury American, June 12, 1885. 

Anderson, Joseph. Twenty-five Years. The Rev. Dr. Joseph Anderson's 
Anniversary. The sermon preached by him in the First Congregational 
Church, Sunday morning, February 9, 1890. 

The Waterbury American, February 10, 1890. Reviewed editorially in the uaaB 
issue. * 

Anderson, Rasmus Bjorn. Natur-Videnskabernes Forhold til Reli- 
gionen. En Forelasning af P. A. Chadbourne, LL. D., tidligere Pro- 
fessor 1 Natnrhistorie ved Williams College og Professor i Katurhistorie 


og Chemi ved Bowdoin College, na Praaident for Universitetet i Wis- 
consin. Oversat af R. ^B. Anderson. Madison, Wis.: Trykt i B. W. 
Lackow's Bog- og Accidents-Trykkeri, 1869. 
8to, pp. 16. 

Anderson, Rasmus Bj()rn. The Scandinavian Languages; their His- 
torical, Linguistic, Literary, and Scientific Value. Elucidated by 
Quotations from Eminent American, English, German, and French 
Scholars. Notices of these Languages by H. W. Longfellow, George P. 
Marsh, Samuel Lalng, Robert Buchanan, Schlegol, Mallet and others. 
Madison, Wis. : Democrat Company Printing OfBce, 1873. 

8vo, pp. 16. 

Andbrson, Rasmus Bj<)rn. America not Discovered by Columbus. An 
Historical Sketch of the Discovery of America by the Norsemen in the 

• Tenth Century, with an Appendix on the Historical, Linguistic, Liter- 
ary, and Scientific Value of the Scandinavian Languages. Also a 
Bibliography of the Pre-Columbian Discoveries of America, by Paul 
Barron Watson. Chicago : S. C. Griggs &> Co., 1874 ; London, Trfibner 

8to, pp. 164. \ 

3d edition, 1883. 

Akdkrson, Rasmus Bj<)rn. Tale ved Femti-Aarsfesten for den Norske 
Udvanxlrjng til Amerika. Holdt i Chicago den 5^<^ Juli, 1675. Chicago, 
111. : Trykt i Skandinavens Bog- og Akcidentstrykkeri, 1875. 
' 8vo, pp. 27. 

Anderson, Rasmus Bj5rn. Norse Mythology or the Religion of Our 
Forefathers, containing all the Myths of the Eddas, systematized and 
interpreted with au Introduction, Vocabulary, and Index. Chicago : 
S. C. Griggs & Co., 1875. 

8vo,^pp. 473, 1 pl*te. 

5th edition, 1890. 

Anderson, Rasmus Bj()rn. Viking Tales of the North, The Sagas of 
Thorstein, Viking^^ Son, and Fridthjof the Bold, translated from the 
Icelandic by R. B. Anderson. Also Tegn6r's Fridthjof 's Saga, trans- 
lated into English, by George Stephens. Chicago : S. C. Griggs & Co., 

8vo, pp. 370. 
3d edition, 1889. 

Anderson, Rasmus BjOrn. Amerika ikke opdaget af Columbus. En 
historisk Skildring af Normsendenes Opdagelse af Amerika i det lOde 
Aarhundrede. Med et Anhang om de Nordiske Sprogs historiske, 
sproglige, Utersere og videnskabelige Vserd. Oversat fra Engelsk efter 
den anden forbedrede og forogede Udgave af C. Chrest. Chicago: 
"Skandinavens" Bogtrykkeri, 1878. 
8vo, pp. 123, portraits 

Anderson, Rasmus Bj()rn. The Younger Edda also called Snorre's 
Edda, or the Prose Edda. An English Version of the Foreword; the 
fooling of Gylfe, the Afterword ; Brage's talk, the Afterword to Brage's 
Talk, and the important passages in the poetical diction (^Skaldskap ar- 
mal), with an Introduction, Notes, Vocabulary, and Index. Chicago; 
S. C. Griggs & Co., 1880. 

8vo, pp. 302. 

S. Mis. 170 12 


ANDXB60N, Rasmus Bj6bn. Biographical Sketch of Lyman C. Draper, 
lAft, D., Secretary of the State Historical Society of Wisconsin. Cin- 
cinnati : Peter G. Thomson, 1881. 
Large Svo, pp. 31, portrait. 

Anderson, Rasmus Bj6bn. History of the Literature of the Scandina- 
vian North from the most ancient times to the present. Translated 
from the Danish of Frederik Winkel Horn, Ph. D., with a bibliography 
of the important books in the English Language relating to the Scan- 
dinavian Countries. Chicago : S. C. Griggs d& Co., 1884. 

^o, pp. 507. 

Anderson, Rasmus BjOrn. Eminent Authors of the Nineteenth Century. 

Literary portraits by Dr. Georg Brandes, translated firom the original 

by R. B. Anderson. New York: Thomas T. Crowell ^ Co., No. 13 

Astor Place, 1886. , 

8vo, pp. 460, portrait* 10. 

Anderson, Rasmus BjOrn. Amerikas forste Opdagelse. Af forfEitteren 
gjennemset og autoriseret overssttelse ved Fr. Winkel Horn. Kjoben- 
havn: Gyldendalske Boghandels' Forlag (F. Hegel & Son), Gnebea 
Bogtrykkeri, 1886. 
Svo, pp. 80, portrait 

AmoBRSON, Rasmus BjOrn. Mythologie Scandinave, L^gendes des Eddas. 
Traduction de M. Jules Leclercq. Paris: Ernest Leroux, Editeur, 28, 
rue Bonaparte, 1886. 
8vo, pp. 293. 

Anderson, Rasmus Bjorn. Non-Biblical Systems of Religion. A Sym- 
posium, by the Yen. iirchdeacon Farrar, D. D., Rev. Canon Rawlinson, 
M. A., Rev. W. Wright, D. D., Rabbi G. J. Emanuel, B. A., Sir William 
Muir, Rev. Edwin Johnson, M. A., T. W, Rhys Davids, LL. D., Ph. D.^ 
The Hon. Rasmus B. Anderson, iRev. Wm. Nioolson, M. A. London : 
James Nisbet A Co., 21 Bemers Street, 1887. 
8vo, pp. 2A3. 

Anderson, Rasmus BjOrn. Die erste Entdeckung von Amerika. Eine 

historische Skizze der Entdeckung Amerikas durch die Skandinavier. 

Autorisirte Uebersetzung von Mathilde Mann. Hamburg: Verlag von 

J. F. Richter, 1888. 
8vo, pp. 62. 

Anderson, Rasmus BjOrn. The Heimskringla or the Sagas of the Norae 
Kings from the Icelandic of Snorre Sturlason, by Samuel Laing, Esq. 
Second edition. Revised, with notes, by R. B. Anderson. London: 
John C. Nimmo ; New York : Scribner &, WeUbrd, 1889. 

4 vols., 8yo. 

Vol. I. 1889, pp. zxxT, 308, 2 pUtes. 

Vol. n. 1889, pp. 410. 

Vol. m. 1880, pp. 416. 

Vol. IV. 1880, pp. 418, 2 maps. 

Anderson, Rasmus BjOrn. Teutonic Mythology. Translated from the 
Swedish of Viktor Rydberg, Ph. D., Member of the Swedish Academy, 
author of <*The Last Athenian,'' '< Roman Days," and other worbi. 
London : Swan Sonnenschein & Co., Paternoster S^^uare, 1889, 
Jjarge 8vo, pp. 706, 


AnbiubwSi Elisha Benjamin. Institutes of Oar Constitational Historj, 
English »Dd American. Author's Edition : Printed by J. A. and B. A. 
Beid, Providence, R. I., 1886. 
12ino, pp. 886. 

Andrbws, Elisha Benjamin. Institutes of Qeneral History. Boston: 

Silva, Burdett dcCo., 1887. 
ISoDO, pp. 440. 
2d edition, 188S. 

Andrbws, Eubha Benjamin. The Federal Convention of 1787. Proceed- 
ings of the XXVIth Couvocatiou of the State of New York. 1888. 
Andrews, Elisha Benjamin. The Rise of the English State. 
The Mttptitt Quartmrjy Rtview, Vol. vin, No. 29, January. 

Andrews, William Given. St. PauVs Mission Chapel. The Church of 
the Ascension (New Haven, Conn.). 

Tks Pariah M&ntMy (local), VdL I, Noa. 5-12. May to December, 1873. . 8vo, pp. 11. 

Andrews, William Given. Historical Sketch of the New Haven Colony 
Historical Society. 

OlCy Tear Book of the Oily qf New Haven, for 1875-76. 8ro, pp. 516-525. 

ANDREW8, William Given. Notice of Beardsley's " Life and Times of 
William Samnel Johnson," etc. 

The AUantie Monthly, Vol. XL, No. 238. Aagoat, 1877. 8vo, pp. 243-245. 

Andrews, William Given. Notice of Tyerman's ''Life of the Rev. 

GeorKe Wbitefield,'' etc. 

The AOantic MonMy, Vol. xu, No. 246, April. 1678. 8to, pp. 548-549. 

Andrews, William Given. The Moravians in the Housatonic Valley. 

The American Church Review, Vol. xxxii. May-Jiine and Jaly-Augnat, 1880. 
8vo, pp. lM-211, and 268-287. 

Andrews, William Given. The Trading House on the Pangassett. 

Papere qf the New Kavet^ (Mony Hietorieal Society, VoL nr, 1888. 8to, pp. 371-895. 

Anoell, jAMEa B. German Emigration to America. 
North Amerisan Review, Janoary, 1856. 

Angell, James B. Inflaenoe of English on German Literature. 
Nor^ American Review, April, 1857. 

AngMll, Ja.mes B. The Royal House of St. Cyr. 
North American Review, October, 1857. 

Anobll, James B. Influence t>f English Literature upon the French. 
North American Review, April, J 858. 

Anoell, James B. Francis Wayland. 
Houre at Home, Vol. xi, pp. 189 (1866). 

Anobll, James B. The Progress of International Law. A i^aper read 

before the American Social Science Association at Detroit, May 13, 

Anobll, Jabces B. Diplomatic Relations between the United States and 

China. Address before the American Social Science Association at 

Saratoga, September 7, 1882. 
Anobll, James B. Diplomatic Relations of the Western Powers to China 

and Japan. 

BihKotheea Sacra, Janaary, 1885. 

Angell, James B. Historical Sketch of the University of Michigan. Ad- 
dress given at the Semi-Centeimial Celebration of the founding of the 
University, delivered June 30, 1887. 


Angell, James B. History of Amerioan Diplomacy from 1769 to 1850. A 
chapter in Vol. vii, of Winsor's Narrative and Critical History of 
America. Bostoa and New York, Honghtou, Mifflin & Co., 1888. 

Angell, Jamrs B. The Recall of Foreign Ministers from the United 

States at the request of onr Government. 
The Forum, January, 1889. 

Angell, James B. American Rights in the Behring Sea and-the Alaskan 
Boundary Question. 

The Forum, November, 1880. 

Applbton, William Sumner. Ancestry of Mary Oliver, who lived 1640- 
1698, and was wife of Samuel Appleton, of Ipswich. Cambridge: 
Press of John Wilson & Son, 1867. 

8to, pp. 35. 

Privatelj' printed, 100 copies 

Appleton, William Sumner. Memorials of the Cranes of Chilton, with 
a pedigree of the family, and thH life of the last representative. Cam- 
bridge : Press of John Wilson & Son, 1868. 

8vo, pp. 89, 4 pis. 

Privately printed, 100 copies. 

Appleton, William Sumner. Ancestry of Priscilla Baker, who lived 
1674-1731, and was wife of Isaac Appleton, of Ipswich. Cambridge : 
Press of John Wilson & Son, 1870. 

Bvo, pp. 143, 1 plate. 

Privately printed, 100 copies. 

Appleton, William Sumner. Description of a selection of coins and 
medals relating to America, exhibited to the Massachusetts Historical 
Society, Aprils, 1870. Reprinted from the proceedings. Carnhndge : 
Press of John Wilson <& Son, 1870. 

8vo, pp. 10. 
75 copies. 

Appleton, William Sumner. Description of Medals of Washington in 
the Collection of W, S. Appleton, secretary of the Boston Numismatic 
Society. Boston : Press of T. R. Maryin & Son, 1873. 
8vo, pp. 24. 

Keprinted from the Ameriean Journal of Numismatics. 
75 copies. 

Appleton, William Sumner. A Genealogy of the Appleton Family. 
** These sought their register among those that were reckoned by gene- 
alogy, but they were not found ; therefore were they, as polluted, put 
from the priesthood." — Ezra ii, 62, and Nehemiah vii, 64. Boston: 
Press of T. R. Marvin & Son, 1874. 

4vo, pp. 64. 

Privately printed. 00 copies. A bare list of names. 

Appleton, William Sumner. Issues of the United States Mint, chrono- 
logically arranged and described by William S. Appleton, Secretary of 
the Boston Numismatic Society. Reprinted from the American Journal 
of Numismatics, 1876. Boston. 

8to, pp. 20. 

40 copies. 


Appleton, WrLUAM S^nil-f7Eft. Record of the D^Mendnnts of William 
SoniDer, of Dorchestet;^ Mass., 1636. Boston: David Clapp He Son, 
1879, . .-'^iift*^ . j 

8vo, pp. Ti, 204, ^ portriiits. 

500 oopiea. * 

Applbton, Williau SuND^tay/Some Descendants of William Adams, of 
Ipswich, Mass. Boston.: rfiatvid Clapp Sl Sou, 564 Washington street, 

1881. iir. 

8vo, pp. 9. 

100 copies. * 

Appleton, Wiixiam S(7MKtli.'^< <Tbe Family of Badcock, of Massachasetts. 
Boston : David Clapp & Son, 564 Washington street, 1881. 
8vo, pp. 11. 
100 copies. 

Appleton, William Sumnek. Tlie Family of Paffer, of Massachnsetts. 
BoAon: David Clapp & Son, ,5(jt4 Washington street, 1882. 

8vo, pp. 0. 

100 copies. ■ ■'' ^ \ 

In addition to the above, I baVe contriboted many commnnications to the N. B. 
Hist, and Gen. Register, the HeraldioJoarnal.the Amer. Journal of Nomisniatics, 
and the Mass. Hist. Soc. 'With ]^b W. H. Whitniore. I edited for the Prince 
Society, *' Hatchinaon's Collection of OrixiDal Papers," and am responsible for the 
larger part of notes to the second volume, which are signed A. I have also been 
with Mr. Whitmore, for several years, a Record Commissioner of the city of Bos- 
ton, and whatever of merit or iatiU bidongs lo the editing of the ninth report may 
be wholly ascribed to me.— W. S. A'^I^tok. 

Archibald, Sir Adams G. Inaugataf Address to Nova Scotia Historical 
Society. Delivered June 21, 1878. 

OoOeeHnu qfNcva Seolia llisUnieot S&ciety, Vol. 1, pp. 17^34. 

Archibald,. Sir Adams 6. Memoir of Sir Alexander Croke, Judge of the 

Vice Admiralty Court at Halifax from 1801 to 1815. Bead September 

1, 1881. 

OoUeetions of Nova SeoHa Hittorieal Society, Vol. 2. pp. 110-128. 

Archibald, Sir Adams G. History of Government House, Halifax, Nova 
Scotia. Read November 3, 1H81, 

CoOectiont of Nova Seotia HUiorieal SoeUty, VoL 3. pp. 196-208. 

Archibald, Sir Adams G. History of the Province Building. Read Jan- 
uary 4, 1883. 

OoUeetions of Nova Seotia Hittorieal Society, Vol. 4, pp. 247-25d. 

Archibald, Sir Adams G. Expulsion of the Acadian French from Nova 

Ootteetiom of Nova Scotia Uietorieal Society, YoL 5, pp. 11-95. 

Archibald, Sir Adams G. Speech on the Celebration of the Centennial of 
the Settlement of Truro, Nova Scotia. Containing sketches of its early 
history and settlement. 

Archibald, Sir Adams G. Speech on the Celebiation of the Centennial of 
theSteinaches, containing similar sketches. 

ARCHI^ALD, Sir Adams G. Speech on the Institution of the Law Classes in 
Dalhonsie University, Halifax, with sketches of early legal practi- 
tioners in Nova Scotia. 


Atkinson, Wiuliam f absons. Oa ISLiBtotf koA the Study of HUtory. 
Three leoturos hy Williftm P. Atkinsofl^ PtofHtot of English and His- 
tory in the Massaohasetu Institate of fMlmology. Boston : Roberts 

BroStt 18a4a 

12mo, pp. 107. 

Atkinson, Wiluam Parsons. The StifM ol l^oltties. An introdnotory 

lecture by Willism P. Atkinson, ProMsor sf English snd History in 

the Massaohnaetts Instdtnte of TechiitAogs. Boston: Roberts Bros., 


12mo. pp. 68.. s 

Atkinson, Wiluam Parsons. Who uHAb the Massaohnsetts Constitn- 

tion f 

Tfu Technology QuarUrty, Vol. II, ito. I, l>0esinber. 1888. 
Svo^ pp. 101-111. } 

Baird, Charlss Washington. Chfdjiliils of a Border Town. History of 
Rye, Westohester Coanty, N. T., iMb-lS^O, including Hanlsou and the 
White Plains till 1788. Illastrlild b^ Abram Hosier. , New York : 
Anson D. F. Randolph & Co., No. ftO Broadway, 1871. 

8to, pp. XYii, 570, 18 engTAvlitgs, 1 IHe iiftiile, 7 inAp» and diagnuns. 

Baird, Charles Washington. Plefrs Daill^, first Huguenot Pastor of 
New York. Reprinted fh)m thS FSbmary number [1877] of the Maga- 
zine of American History. 

4to, pp. 91-87. 

Baird, Charles Washington. OtHi Htstus of the Presbyterians in the 
province of New York. Reprliliid from the Magazine of American 
History, October, 1879. New tint. 1^79. 

4to, pp. 6S8-S28. 

Baird, Charles Washington. Hlitofy of the Huguenot Smigration to 
America. Volume I. New York : l>odd, Mead A Co., pal^lishers. 

2 Tols., 8to. 

YoL I, pp. 35i, 8 engnvinfrs, i ta*p«. Vol. II, pp. 448, 4 engtATingi, 2 diagnmn, 
3 niApt. 

Bevlewed by BeglnAld Land Poole hi Ihe EngUth Hittorical Rnitw April, 1886 ; in 
the Proeetdingt qf the Huguinoi Saeiity nf London, Yol. I, No. 2; by Boron Per. 
nottd de Scbiokler in the BuUstUi de ta SoeUH de Vhittairt du ProUttanHeme /ran- 
ea<« September-October, 1888 1 in tfaOil tfanKo ifonCAIy Jane, 1885, and elaewhero. 

TnmeUted into French nnd^r title: "Hlstoire des R6fagi6a Hni^oenots en 
Am6rique por le Doctear Charles W. Baird. Traduit de TAnglale par MM. A.-B. 
Meyer et de Riohemond. Toolonae: Sooi6t4 dee LiTrea Boligieax. D6pdt: Rne 
Bomignidrea, 7, 1886. 

8vo, pp. XX, 822. 

Hlostrations and dMps moatly aa in the American edition, with addittoal map of 
La BooheUe in 1020. 1^^ 

Baird, Henry MartTn. The Life of the Rev. Bohert Baird, D. B., by his 
son, Henry M. Bsird, Professor in the Uuiversity of the City of New 
York. New York : Anson D. F. Randolph, No. 770 Broadway, 1866. 
Crown 8to, ]ip. 347. 

Baird, Henry Marttn. The French Conquest of Lorraine and Alsace. 

Scribner'e Monthly, No. 4, February, 1871. 
8vo, pp. .^07-379, map and 2 fao eimiliee. 

Baird, Henry Martyn. The Military Orders. 

The New Englander, Vol. ix, Aaguet, 1851. 8vo, pp. 38S-42S. 


Baibd, Hkkrt Mabttn. PharmalcideB and the EooleBiastioal Indepen- 
dence of Greece. 

M^thodUt Qwtrtsrly lUvUw, October, 1867. 8to, pp. 694-613. 

Baird, Henrt Mabttn. The Liberties of the Gallican Chnrch* 

Biblieal JUpertoty and Princeton Bwiew, Jumary. 1863. Svo, pp. 26-42. 

Baird, Henrt Martyn. The Two Greek Bevolntions of 1862. 

Methodist Quarterly Review, Apiil, 1866. 8to, pp. 227-250. 

Baird, Henry Martyn. The Nioodemit^s of the Sixteenth Centory. 

Methodiet Quarterly Review, July, 1664. 8to, pp. 436-454. 

Baird, Henry Martyn. Boasuet as a Peisecator. 

Methodiet Quarterly Review, January, 1866. 8to, pp. 22-87. 

Baird, Henry Martyn. History of the Rise of the Hnguenots of France. 
By Henry 'M. Baird, Professor in the University of the City of New 
York. Vol. I. New York, Charles Soribner's Sons, 743 and 745 Broad- 
way, 1879. 

2 voli. 8to, pp. zzril, 577. and xt1» 661, 2 maps. 

Repnbliahed in Bnii^axid witb tiUe: Hiatory of the Biae of the Hngnenota. 
By Henry M. Baird, Profesaor in the Univenity of the City of New York, in 
. two volnmep. Vol. i. From the Bc^^niag of the French Reformation to the 
Sdlct of January (1562), Londou : Hodder and Stoaghton, 27, Paternoster Row, 
1880. (Vol. n. From the Edict of January (1562), to the Death of Charles the 
Ninth (1574). Pagee and maps aa in the American edition.) 

Reviewed, by George Bipley, in the New York Tribune, December 30, 1879 ; the 
Independent, March i, 1880; Nation, January 15, 1880; by E. B. Otheman, in 
Methodiet Quarterly Review, January, 1881 ; XTnivertaliet Quarterly, January, 1880; 
International Review, January, 1880 ; Boston Literary World, January 1, 1880 ; by 
N. Weiss in BuUetin de la Soeiiti de Vhietoire du Proteetantieme fran^ie, June 15, 
1880; in London Saturday Review, May 15, 1880 ; Quarterly Review, July. 1888; \9ie] 
Britieh Quarterly Review, July, 1880; WeHminieter Review, July, 1880; London 
Timee, January 17, 1881 ; Church Quarterly Review, reprinted in LiUelTi Living 
Age, May 21, 18^1, and many others. 

Baird, Henrt Martyn. The Haf^nenots and Henry of Navarre. By 
Henry M. Baird, Professor in the UniTersity of the City of New York; 
Author of the History of the Rise of the Hngnenots of France. With 
Maps. Vol. I, New York, Charles Scribner's Sons, 1886. 
2 vols. 8yo, Vol. i, pp. xxii, 458. Vol. ii, pp. zrli, 526. 

Book First. From the . Accession of Henry the Third (1574), to the Battle 
of Contraa (1587). Map of Sonthern France. Book Second. From the Battle of 
Coutias (1587), to the Death of Henry the Fourth (1010). Map of Northern France. 
BepubJ^hed in England, with same titles, maps, etc. London : Kegan, Paul, 
Trench A, Co., 1886. 
BeTiewed in the New York Tribune, NoTeml>er 21, 1886 ; by M. W. Hazeltine in 
•itffew York Sun, October 31, 1886; by George Parsons Lathrop in New York Star, 
November 21, 1888; Nation, May 19, 1887: Brooklyn Eagle, November 21, 1886; 
Boston Literary World, December 11. 1886 ; Philadelphia Evening Buttetin, Octo- 
ber 25, 1886 ; by tTames C. Moffat, in the Preebyterian Review, January, 1887 ; in the 
Methodiet Review, January, 1887 ; in the Ameriean. September 8, 1887 ; by Francis 
J. Parker in the Church Review, April, 1887 ; by N. Weiss (editor) in the Bulletin 
de la Soeiiti de Vhigtoire du Proteetantieme fran^aie, January 15, 1888; the Athen- 
cfum, February 12, 1887 ; Academy, March 19, 1887; English Hietorieal Review, Jn\y, 
1888; Saturday Rt^fiew. April 4. 1887; Spectator. September 29, 1888; St. Jamee 
Gazette, F^brunry 26, 1887 ; Pall Mall. Gazette, Juno 20. 1887 ; Morning Poet, Decem- 
ber 28. 1886 ; Evening Standard, Juno 27. 1887, and many others. 


Baird, Henrt Marttn. The Ediot of Nantes and its Recall. A His- 
torical Oration. 

In Huguenot Society of AmerwtL, Oommstnoratian of the Bi-Centenary qf the Revo- 
cation of the £dict of NanUs, October 22, 1885, at New York. Pabliahed by the 
Society, 1886. 
firo. pp. 14-41. 
Baldwin, C. C. Early Maps of Ohio and the West. Cleveland, Ohio, 


8vo, pp. 25. 

Tract naidVer Twenty-flve (April, 1875), of the Western Reserve Hiatorical So- 
ciety, 500 copies. 

Baldwin, C. C. Notice of Historical and Pioneer Societies in Ohio. 
Cleveland, Ohio, Jnly, 1875. 
8to, pp. 8. 600 printed. 

Baldwin, C. C. Review of the Margry Papers. Vol. I. Tract No. 34. 
Western Reserve Historical Society. November, 1876. 

8vo, pp. 7. 

Baldwin, C. C. A Centennial Lawsuit. Western Reserve Historical So- 
ciety. Tract No. 35. December, 1876. 

8vo, pp. 4. 

This concerns a suit ended in 1870, about advances made in 1778 by Francia Vigo 
to General George Bogera Clark. 

Baldwin, C. C. The Iroquois in Ohio. Western Reserve Historical So- 
ciety. Tract No. 40. Read before the Society December 28, 1868. 
Printed, 1877. 

Svo, pp. 10. 

1,000 printed. 

Baldwin, C. C. Early Indian Migration in Ohio. Read before the State 
Archssological Society of Ohio in September, 1878. 
8vo, pp. 16. 

300 printed. 2 maps, one of which, "supposed position of the Indian tribes 
about 1600," is repablinhed in The Narrative and OritUal History of America, VoL 
4, p. 208. 
The address was also printed in the American Antiqitarian, Vol. 1, pp. 227-243. 

Baldwin, C. C. Western Reserve Historical Society. Tract No. 50. 
Indian narrative of Jndge Hugh Welch, of Green Springs, Seneca and 
Sandusky Counties, Ohio. Prepared for the Society by C. C. Bald- 
win. Wyandot Missions in ]806-'07. Diary of Quintns F. Atkins. 

8vo, pp. 10. 

700 copies printed. ^ 

Baldwin, C. C. Rev. John Bower, First Minister at Derby, Conn., and 
His Descendants. By C. C. Baldwin, secretary of the Historical Society 
at Cleveland, Ohio, and corresponding member of the New England 
Historic Genealogical Society of Boston. Reprinted from W. C. 
Sharpens History of Seymour, Conn. 1879. 

8vo, pp. 8. 
50 copies printed. 

This was written for Sharpens History of Seymour, Conn. John Bower was of 
class of 1640, Harvard College, and first classical school teacher at New Haven. 

Baldwin, C. C. The Baldwin Genealogy, from 1500 to 1881. By Charles 
Candee Baldwin, M. A. Cleveland, Ohio, 1881. 
8vo, pp. 974, plates, cuts, and plans. 
600 copies printed. 


Baldwin, C. C. The Candee Genealogy, with notioea of allied families of 
AUyn, Catlin, Cooke, Mallery, Newell, Norton, Pynchon, and Wads- 
worth. By Charles Candee Baldwin, M. A. Cleveland, Ohio : Leader 
Printing Company, 14C Superior street, 1882. 

8vo, pp. 240, 5 plates. 

300 printed. 

Baldwin, C. C. Fourteenth Annual Meeting of the Western Reserve His- 
*torical Society, at CleveIand,,Ohio, May 9, 1H82. Tract No. 57. Cleve- 
land, Ohio, 1882.. 

8to, pp. 16. 

Contains the history of the lines at the head of General Garfield at his funeral : 

" Life's race well run, 
Life's work well done, 
Life's crown well won, 
Now comes rest" 

Baldwin, C. C. The Geographical History of Ohio. An address delivered 
at the Annual Reunion of the Pioneers of the Mahoning Valley, at 
Youngstown, September 10, 1880. Western Reserve Historical Society. 
Tract No. 63. November, 1884. 

8vo, pp. 12. 

Also printed in the Magazine of WesUtrn History, and also published 12mo, pp. 

^ # 

Baldwin, O. C. Map and Description of Northeastern Ohio. By Rev. 
John Hecke wilder, 1796. Tract No. 64.* Western Reserve Historical 
Society. November, 1884. 
8vo, pp. 8, map and portrait. 

Also, in Magazine of Western History, with reduced fac^simile of the mi^, and 
reprint of the description, with introduction and uot«s. 

Baldwin, C. C. Memorial of Col. Charles Whittlesey, late President of 
the Western Reserve Historical Society. Tract No. 68. 1887. 
8to, pp. 30, and portrait. 
All but the bibliography was also printed in the Ma^fazins of Western History. 

Baldwin, C. C. Alexander Bryan, of Milford, Connecticut, his Ancestors 
and his Descendants. Cleveland, Ohio, 1889. 
'8vo, pp. 28. 
100 copies. 

Baldwin, C» C. The Baldwin Genealogy Supplement. Cleveland, Ohio, 


8vo, pp. 400, plates, plans, and engravings. 
400 printed. 

Baldwin, Simeon Eben. Constitutional Reform. A Discussion of the 
present Inequalities of Representation iu the General Assembly. By 
Simeon E. Baldwin of New Haven. Published by the New Haven 
County Constitutional Reform Association. New Haven, 1873. 

8vo, pp. 10. 
Edition, 5,000. 

Baldwin, Simbon Eben. The Constitution of the United States, with 
References to Judicial Decisions, etc. Prepared for the use of the 
Yale Law School. By Simeon £. Baldwin, Professor of Constitutional 
Law in Yale College. New Haven : Printed for the Law Department, 

8vo, pp. 42. 
Edition, 1.500. 


Baldwin, Simeon Ebbn. Gradaate Coanes at Law Sohoola. 

pp. 16. 

Journal tif Social Seienee^ Vol! ix, p. 186. 

Baldwin, Simibon Eben. New England SeoeationistB. 

Tke New Englander for Maroh, 1878, pp. 146-158. 

Baldwin, Simeon Ebbn. Recent Changes in onr State ConBtltutionB. 

8vo, pp. 18. . 

Journal of Social Science, Yol. li, p. 128. 

Baldwin, Simeon Ebbn. Pablio Parks. A lectare delivered in the Me- 
chanics' Coarse at the Sheffield Scientific School. 

8vo, pp.27. 
300 copies. 

Baldwin, Simeon Eben. Preliminary Examinations in Criminal Proceed- 


Papere of iht American Bar Aeeedatum, Vol. vi, pp. 226-241. 

Baldwin, Simeon Ebbn. Insanity as a Legal Fiction. An address deliv- 
ered before the Bar Association of Tennessee, July 3, 1884. Nashville, 

8vo, pp. 17. 

Baldwin, Slmeon Eben. The New Haven Convention of 1778 ; the Bound- 
ary Line between New York and Connectient ; the Ecclesiastical Con- 
stitution of Tale College ; Three Historical Papers, read before the New 
Haven Colony Historical Society. In Vol. ui of the Papers of the So- 
ciety. New Haven, 1882. 
8yo, pp. 88-62, 271'>291, 406-442. 

Baldwin, Simeon Ebbn. Judaic Christianity. A Paper read before the 
New Haven Congregational Cli/b, April 14, 1884. New Haven, 1884. 

8to, pp. 19. 
Bdition, 400. 

Baldwin, Simeon Eben. Historical Pre£sce to the Ceneral Statutes of 
Connecticut. Revision of 1875. New Haven, 1875. 
pp. Ul-xiv. 

Baldwin, Simeon Ebkn. The Genesis of Congregationalism. An Address 
delivered before the New Haven Congregational Club, October 11, 
1886. New Haven, 1886. 

8to, pp. 15. 
Editon. 400. 

Baldwin, Simeon Eben. Report of the Special Tax Commissioners to the 
Qeneral Assembly of Connecticut, at its January Session, 1887. New 
Haven, 1887. 
8ro, pp. 52. 
Also printed in the LegielaUve DooumenU of 1887. 

Baldwin, Simeon Eben. The Captors of the Amistad. New Haven, 1887. 

Paper* of New Haven Oolony Hietorieal Society, Vol. iv, pp. 331-370. 

Baldwin, Simeon Ebbn. The Centenary of Modern Government ; the An- 
nual Address before the American Bar Association, delivered at Chicago, 
August 29, 1889. Philadelphia, 1889. 

pp. 82. 

Papers of An^eriean liar Atsociation, Vol. xil. 

Bancrft, George. Poems. Cambridge, Mass. : Hilliard <& Metcalf, 1823. 



Bakcboft, Geobge. An Oration on^tbe Fourth of July, 1836| at North- 
ampton, MasB. Northampton : T. W. Shepard, 1826. 

8to, pp. 90. 

Bancroft, Gkorgb. History of the Folitioal System of Europe. Trana- 

lated from Heeren, 1829. 
Bancroft, Gsoror. The Bank of the United States, [^iioii.] Boston : 

. Hale's Steam-Power Press, 1831. 

Sto, pp. 44. 

Bancroft, George. History of the United States from the discovery of 
of the American Continent to the present time. Boston : C Bowen, 

10 vols., 8yo. 

Vany editions and tnnabiliont, including: New edition, London: BontledgOb 
Warne St Rontledge, 1862, 7 voU., ISmo; Revised (Centennary) edition, Boston: 
Little, Brown Se, Ca, 1878, 6 vols., ISmo; (German edition, Leipsig: O. Wigand, 
1879, 10 vols., Svo. 

Bancroft, Gborge. Oration before the Democracy of Springfield, Mass., 
July 4, 1836. Springfield, 1836. 


Bancroft, Gb6rgb. Address at Hartford, before the Democratic' Conven- 
tion of Yonng Men of Connecticat, February 18. Boston, 1840. 
Svo. 1 

Bancroft, Georob. History of the Colonization of the United States. 
(Abridged.) Boston: C. C. Little & J. Brown, 1841. 
2 vols., 12ino. 

Bancroft, Gboroe. Oration at the Commemoration in Washington of 
the Death of Andrew Jackson, June 27, 1845. Washington, 1845. 

8vo, pp. 8. 

Bancboft, Gborge. Ctrcourt, A de. [Notice de P] Histoire. Gen^ye, 


Bancroft, GbobcSe. History of the American Reyolntion. London : R. 
Bentley, 1852. 
2 vols.' Svo. 

Bancboft, Gboroe. The necessity, the reality, and the promise of the 
(irogress of the human race ; oration before the New York Historical 
Society, November 20. New York, 1854." 
8vo, pp. 5-37. 

Bancroft, Gborge. Literary and Historical Miscellanies. New York : 
Harper Sl Brothers, 1855. 

8v-o, pp. 517. 

Bancroft, George. Seven articles from the ohnrch of Leyden, 1617. 

OoUectiont yew York Historical Society, 2d series, v, 3, p. 1, 1857. 

Bancroft, George. ProceedingH of the First Assembly of Virginia, 1619; 
communicated with an introductory note. 

(MUetivn New York BiHorieal Society, 2d series, in. Part i. New York, 1867. 

Bancroft, George. Oliver Hazard Perry at the battle of Lake Erie. 
Inauguration of the Perry Statue at Clevelaod, 1800. 
Svo, 105-123. 

Bancroft, George. Letters on the Exchange of Prisoners during the 
American War oflndependeuce. New York, 1862. 
8vo, pp. 7. 


Bancroft, George. The League for (he Union. Philadelphia, 1863. 

8vo, pp. 20. 

Bancroft, George. Memorial Address on the Life and Character of 

Abraham Lincoln. Washington, 1866. 
9vo, pp. 60, portrait. 

Bancroft, George. Joseph Reed : A Historical Study. New York, 1867. 

8vo, pp. 64. 

Bancroft, George. A Plea fof the Constitution of the United States of 
America Wounded in the House of its Guardians. New York : Harper 
& Brothers, 1886. 
12ino, pp. 95« 

Bancroft, George. Address before the American Historical Association 
at the third meeting. Washington, April 27, 1886. v 
Magazine of American Hittory, June, 1866. 

Bancroft, George. Jonathan Edwards. 

Ameriean Encyelopcedia. 

Bancroft, Hubert Howe. The Early American Chroniclers. San Fran- 
cisco: A. L. Bancroft & Co., 1883. 
8vo, pp. 45. 

Bancroft, Hubert Hqwe. The Native Races of the Pacific States. 

5 vols.. 8vu, pp. 4088. 

Vol. I, Wild Tribes; VoL ii, Civilized Nations; V6L m, Myths and Lan- 
guages; Vol. IV, Antiquities ; Vol. v, Primitive History. 

All of these and the following volumes by this author were published in San Fran* 
Cisco by " The History Company " from 1882 to 189U.~£ditob. 

Bancroft, Hubert Howe. History of California. 

7 vols., 8vo, electrotyped. Last volume to be published July 20, 1890. 

Bancroft, Hubert Howb. Califbrnia Inter Pocula. 

8vo, pp. 828. 

Bancroft, Hubert Howe. California Pastoral. 

8vo, pp. 808. 

Bancroft, Hubert Howe. History of Alaska. 

8vo, pp. 813. 

Bancroft, Hubert Howe. History of British Colnmhia. 

8vo, pp. 823. 

Bancroft, Hubert Howe. History of Oregon. 

•2 vols.. Bvoj pp. 1661. 

Bancroft, Hubert Howe. History of the Northwest Coast. 

2 Vols., 8vo, pp. 1518. 

Bancroft, Hubert Howe. History of Nevada, Colorado, and Wyoming. 


8vo, pp. 860. 

Bancroft, Hubert Howe. History of Utah. 

8vo, pp. 855. 

Bancroft, Hubert Howe. History of Arizona and New Mexico. 

8vo, pp. 829. 

Bancrob't, Hubert Howe. History of Texas and the North Mexican 


2 vols., 8vo. pp. 1667. 

Bancroft, Hubert Howe. History of Central America. 

3 vols., 8vo, pp. 2449. 



Banchoft, Hubert Howe. History of Mexico. 

8 toIb., 8vo, pp. 4853/ 

Barton, Edmukd Mills. The Maritime Provinces. 

The New Engtaiui Home Journal, Vol. 1, No. 31, July 20, 1883. 
Barton, Edmund Mills. Notes from Cape Breton and Prince Edward 
Island. * . 

Tke New En^nd Home Journal, Vol. 1, No. 32, July 27, 1883. 

Barton, (Edmund Mills. The First Conference of American Librarians. ^ 
Lilfrary Journal, Vol. xi. Not. 8, 9, AagustSoptember, 1886. 
4to, pp. 217-219. 
Read July 7, 1886, at the Milwaukee Confereace of Librarians. 

Barton, Edmund Mills. Report on the Library of the American Anti- 

qnarian Society. 

PrOGudinge of the American Antiquarian Society, No. 78, April 30, 1879. 

8vo, pp. 41, 42. 

No. 2. New series. April 27, ISai. 8vo. pp. 16&-174. 

No. 3. New series. October 21, 1881. 8vo. pp. 339-347. 

Vol. II, No. I. New serial. AprH26, 1882. 8vo, pp. 31-39. 

Vol. II, No. 2. New series. October 21. 1882. 8vo, pp. 136-145. 

April 25, 1883. 8vo, pp. 270-282. 

October 22, 1883. 8vo, pp. 51-61. 

April 30, 1884. 8vo, pp. 130-147. 

October 21, 1884. 8to. pp. 310>326. 

April 20. 1885. 8vo. pp. 380-S97. 

October 21. 1885. 8vo, pp. 36-50. 

April 28, 1886. 8ro, pp. 134-147. 

October 21, 1886. 8vo. pp. 22^-238. 

April 27, 1887. 8vo, pp. 327-^38. 

October 21, 1887. 8vo, pp. 56-68. 
Vol. T, No. 2. New series. 'April 25. 1888. 8vo, pp. 223-235. 
Vol. V, No. 3. New series. October 22, 1888. 8vo. pp. 403-421. 
Vol. VI, No. I, New series. April 24, 1889. 8vo, pp. 43-55. 
VoL VI, No. 2. New series. October 23, 1880. 8vo, pp. 

The library reports, while chiefly relating to the special work of the society and 
to library economy in general, have always contained more or less of historical and 
biographical material, as will appear by the indexes to the several volumes of the 
proceedings of the American Antiquarian Hociety. 

Bsardslby, E. Edwards. The History of the Episcopal Church in Con- 
necticut from the settlement of the Colony to the death of Bishop 
Seabnry. By E. Edwards Beardsley, D. D., LL.D., Rector of St. 
Thomas's Church, New Haven. Vol. I, Fourth edition. Boston: 
Houghton, Mifflin & Co., 1883. 

8vo, pp. 470. 

First editiou in 1865. 

Bsardslby, E. Edwards. The History of the Episcopal Church in Con- 
necticut from the death of Bishop Seabnry to the present time. By 
E. Edwards Beardsley, D. D., LL.D., Rector of St. Thomas's Church, 
New Haven. Vol. II, Fourth edition. Boston: Houghton, Mifflin & 
Co., 1883. 

8vo. pp. 465. 

First edition in 1868. 

BsARDSLST, E. Edwards. Life and Times of Wm. Samuel Johnson, 
LL.D., first Senator in Congress from Connecticut and President of 
Columbia College, New York. By £. Edwards Beardsley, D. D., LL.D., 

Vol. u, No. 3. 
Vol. Ill, No. 1. 
Vol. Ill, No. 2. 
Vol. Ill, No. 3. 
VoL in. No. 4. 
Vol. rv, No. 1. 
VoL rv. No. 2. 
Vol. IV, No. 3. 
Vol. IV, No. 4. 
VoL V. No. 1. 

New series. 
New series. 
New series. 
New series. 
New series. 
New series. 
New series. 
New series. 
New series. 


Rector of St* Thomas's Church, New Haven. Seoood editioDi reTiMd 
and enlarged. Boston: Houghton, Mifflin &> Co., 1886. 

8to, pp. 22S, portrait. 

Flrat edittop in 1870. 

Bbardslky, E. Edwards. Life and Correspondence of Samuel Johnson, 
D. D., Missionary of the Church of England in CoAnecticnt and First 
President of King's College, New York. By E. Edwards Beardaley, D. 
D., LL.D., Rector of St. Thomas's Church, New Haven. Third edition. 
Boston: Houghton, Mifflin &, Co., 1887. 

8vo, pp. 380, plate. • 

First edition in 1873. 

Bbardslvy, E. Edwardb. Life and Correspondence of Right Reverend 
Samuel Seabury, D. D., First Bishop of Connecticut and of the Episco- 
pal Church in the United States of America. By E. Edwards Beards- 
ley, D. D., LL.D., Rector of St. Thomas's Church, New Haven. Third 
edition. Bpstou : Houghton, Mifflin Sl Co. 

Svo, pp. 498, port. 
First edition in 1880. 

Bbll, Charlrs H. Men and Things of Exeter. Sketches from the his- 
tory of an old New Hampshire town. Exeter, 1871. 

8vo, pp. lOA. 

100 copies reprinted from the Exeter Vewt Letter, 

Bell, Charles H. Exeter in 1776. Exeter, 1876. 

8vo, pp. 39. 

Bell, Charles H. John Wheelwright. Memoir and paper upon the 
Wheelwright deed, etc. Issued by the Prince Society. Boston, 1876. 
4to, pp. 161. , 

Bell, Charles H. PhillliM Exeter Academy. A historical sketch. Exe- 
ter, 1883. 

8to, pp. lOi. 

Bell, Charles H. History of Exeter, N. H. Exeter, 1888. 

8vo, pp. 480+88, 4 pUtesi 

Bemis, Edward W. Co-operation in New England. 

First published m monofnrapb No. 5, Vol. I, of the pnbliostioiis of the Amerieaa 
Economic Assooifttion. This was somewhst reTised and published as a chapter 
in History of Co-operation in the United States, being Vol. II of Johns Hopkins 
University Studies in Historical and Political Scienoe. In said volane appeared 
also my chapter on Co-operation in the Middle States. 
Bevlewed in The Nation, June 7, 1888. 

Bbmis, Edward W. The Workingmen of the United States. In supple- 
ment to American edition of Encyclopedia Britannica. 

Bemis, Edward W. Local Government in Michigan and the North- 
west, being No. 5 of Vol. I, of Johns Hopkins University Studies in 
Historical and Political Science. 
Reviewed in The OriUe. 

Bemis, Edward W. Mine Labor in the Hocking Valley. Vol. Ill, No. 

3, of the Publications of the American Economic Association. 
Bemis, Edward W. Old Time Answers to Piesent Problems as nins- 

trated by the Early Legislation of Springfield, Mass 
New JBnglander and T<Ue Setfiew, Febmar j, 1887. 


Bnns, Edward W. Restriotion of Immigrftfeion. 

Andavitr Review, March and June, 1888. 

Bemis, Edwabd W. Co-operatioD. 

Annual Eneydoptedia tot 1888. 

Bemis, Edward W. Benefit Featares of American Trades Unions. 
PoKHcal Science MmUhly, June, 1887. 

BsuiSi Edward W. Insarance of American Workingmen. 

Pablished in Germany in Handieorkerhueh der Staaietrietenehaflen. 
t Mr. Bemia ha* also publiahed articlea on economioa not eBumerated above.— 
Editob. ^ » 

BiGBLow, John. Roman Lawyers in the Angnstan Age. 

New York Beniew, Vol. ix, July, 1841, pp. 111-139. 

BiGBLow, John. Commerce of the Prairies, or the Journal of a Santa F^ 
Trader during Eight Expeditions Across the Great Western Prairies 
and a residence of nearly nine years in Northern Mexico. lUnstrated 
with Maps and Engravings. By Josiah Gregg. Vol. I. New York : 
Henry G. Laugley, 8 Astor House, 1844. ' 

Two Tolnmee. Vol. i, pp. i-xvi, 320 ; Vol. m, pp. i-viii, 3ia 

This work was edited by John Bifcelow flrom notes fiirnishtid by Josiah Gregg. 

BiGELOW, John. Political Patronage. 

8to, pp. 163-172. 

United SteUea Magazine and Demoeratie Review, September, 1846. * 

BiGELOW, John. Lord Eldou. 

8to, pp. M-104. 

DemoeraHe Review, July and Angost, 1845. 

BiGBLOW, John. The Priest, the Wife, and the Family. 

8vo, pp. 127-187. 

DemoeraHe Review, July and August, 1845. 

A review of Michelet's book of a similar title. 

BiGBLOw, John. Prospects of the Legal Profession in America. 

8vo, pp. 26-35. 

Demoeratie Review, January, 1840. 

BiGBLOW, John. Reciprocal Influences of the Physical Sciences and Free 

8yo, pp. 1-16. 
' United States Magagine and Demoeratie Review, January, 1846. 

BiGBLOw, John. The New York Constitutional Convention. 

8vo. pp. 889-348. 

United Statee Magazine and Democrat Review, November, 1846. 

BiGBLOW, John. The Progress of Constitutional Reform in the United 

8yo, pp. 243-396. 

United Statee Magazine and Demoeratie Review, April, 1846. 

fiiaBJU>w, John. The Progress of Constitutional Reform in the United 
States. (Continued.) 

9vo, pp. 408-420. 
* United Statet Magazine and Demoeratie Review, June, 1846. 

BiGBLOW, John. Jamaica in 1850, or the Effects of Sixteen Years of 
Freedom on a Slave Colony. New York and London: George P. 

12mo, pp. ir, 214. 

JEditfam. 800 copies. 


BiGELOW, John. Mirabeau and Sophie. 

New York Independent, eirea 1861. * 

BiGELOW, John. The Last Days ot Toussaint de VOavertare. 

New York Independent^ eirea 1861. 

BiGELOW, John. Les ^tats-Unis d'Am^rique en 1863, leiir iiistoire poli- 
tique, lenrs res^onrces mindralogiqiios, agricoles, industrielles'et com- 
mercialcs, et de la part pour laqnelle ils <mt contribu<^~ib la riphesse et 
b, la civilization du monde entier, par John Higelow, consul des l^tats- 
Unis. Paris: Librairie de L. Hychetto «fe C'*^, Boulevard Saint-Ger- 
main, No.*77, l^'3. • 

8vo, pp. 5i9. 

BiGELOW, John. Speech at the First Thanksgiving Celebration in Paris 
after the Suppression of the Rebellion, December 7, 1865. Pnbliahed 
by the Committee of Arrangements. Paris : Printed by £. Bri^re, roe 
Saint-Honor^ 237. 
8vo, pp. 3. 

BiGELOW, John. Autobiography of Benjamin Franklin. Edited from his 
mauuscript, with notes and an introduction. Philadelphia : J. B. 
Lippincott Sl Co. ; Loudon : Trubner & Co., 1868. 

8vo, pp. 409, portrait. 

Elet^rotyped, 100 copies on large paper. 

BiGELOW, John. Speech at the Farewell Banquet to Mr. John Bigelow, 
Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary of the United 
States to France, given at the Graud Hotel, December 19, 1866. By 
the American residents of Paris. Typographe de Henri Plon, 1867. 
8vo, pp. 15-21. 

BiGELOW, John. Speech at Dinner of the Union College Alumni Associa- 
tion, April 27, 1869. New York: Evening Post Steam Presses, 41 Nas- 
sau Street, corner of Liberty. 

pp. 38-38. 

BiGELOW, John. Some Recollections of the late Antoine Pierre Berryer. 
A paper read before the New York Historical Society, on Tuesday 
evening, February 16, 1869. 
8vo, pp. 3-36. 

BiGELOW, John. Beaumarchais, the Merchant. Letters of Thetenaa de 
Francey, 1777-^80. New York: Charles Scribner Sl Co., 1870. 
Royal 8vo, pp. 10. 
Thla paper was partly read before the New York Historical Society, April 6, 

1870. ' 

BiGELOW, John. Father Hyacinthe and his Church. 
Putnam's Magazine, January, 1870, pp. 90-113. 

BiGELOW, John. France and Hereditary Monarchy. London: Sampson 
Low Son & Marston ; New York : Charles Scribner & Co., 1871. 
8vo, pp. 1-80. 

BiGELOW, John. The Proper mode of Celebrating the Centennial Anni- 
versary of our National Independence, a letter addressed to Senator 

Ktv> York Tribune, 1871. 

BiGELOW, John. Was St. iPeter ever at Rome f 
Oalaxy, eirea 1871-'72. 


BiGELow, John. A breakfast with Alexander Damas. 

Galaxy, 1871. 

BiGELOW, John. The American Rubicon. The Perils of Electing a Presi- 
dent for a Third Term. 
New York Tribune, 1874. 

BiGELOw, John. Wit and Wisdom of the Haytians. 

Harper'g Magazine, Jiily, 1875, pp. 288-291 ; Augast, 1875, pp. 43&-441. 

BiGELOW, John. Annus Mirabilis. 

Tribune, 1867. 

HiGELOW, John. Discourse delivered at the Bryant Memorial meeting 
^ of the Century Asi^ociatiou, November 12, 187B. 
8vo, pp. 21-62. 

BiGELOW, John. The Wit and Wisdom of the Haytians. New York: 
Scrihner & Armstrong, 1877. 

12iD0, pp. 112. 

BiGELOW, John. Franklin, a Sketch. Boston : Little & Brown, 1879. 

12uu>, pp. 20. 

Also, in Encyclopedia Britanniea, title FrankliD. 

BiGELOW, John. Franklin's Religous and Moral character examined. 
Xew York Observer, June 19, 26, July 3, 1879. 

BiGELOW, John. The Life of Benjamin Franklin. Written by himself. 
Now first edited from original manuscripts and from his printed cor- 
respondence and other writings. Philadelphia : J. B. Lippincott & Co., 


12II10. Vol. I, pp. 1-579; Vol. II, pp. 1-547; Vol. ill, pp. 1-542. Foi trait. Elec- 

tiotyped. Reissues in 1875 and 1879. 

BiGELOW^, John. Mr. Seward and Mr. Motley. 

International Revieto, July and August, 1878, pp. 544-556. 

BiGELOW, .John. De Witt Clinton as a politician. 

Barper't Magazine, New York, February, 1875, pp. 409-417 ; March, 1875, pp. 

Consists largely of extracts from tbo correspondence of Henry Post, an intimate 
friend and zealous partisan of Clinton. 

BiGELOW, John. A Compendium of the Theological Writings of Emanuel 
Swedenborg. By Samuel M. Warren. Third and revised edition. 
With a biographical introduction. J. B. Lippincott &, Co., 1879. 
8vo, pp. Ixxxvi, 773, portrait. 

BiGELOW, John. Sketch of the Life of Thomas Jeiferson. 
Bneyelopedia Britanniea. 

BiGELOW, John. Sketch of Gilbert Mortier Marquis de Lafayette. 

Encyclopedia Britanniea. 

BiGELOW, John. A Visit to the Republic of San Mariuo. 
Harper** Magazine, Febmary, 1880, pp. 365-872, illustrations. 

BiGELOW, John. Submarine Institute at Naples. 

Letter to Samuel J. Tilden, and by him given to the New York Evening Poet, 


BiGELOW, John. Speech at the Banquet given to M. de Lesseps, at Del- 
monico's, March 1, 1880. New York : D. Appleton &, Co., 1880. 
8vo, pp. 17-20. 

BiGBLOW, John. The New French Minister of Public Instruction. (Paul 


Harper's Magazine, March, 1882, pp. 559-567. 

S. Mis. 170 13 


BiGELOW, John. The Firat Century of the English Mission. 
Frartk Leslie's Popular Montfdj/, July. 1882, 1^10, iUuatrated. 

BiOELOW, John. Railway Invasion of Mexico. 

Sarper'i Magazine, October, 1882, pp. 745-757. 
BiOKLOW, John. Molinos, the Quletist. New York: Charles ^oribner's 

Sous, 1882. 

12mo, pp. 127. 

BiGELOW, John. The Heir Presamptive to the Imperial Crown of Mexico. 
Harper » Magazine, April, 1888, pp. 736-749, illustrated. 

BiGELOW, John. The Writings and Speeches of Samuel J. Tilden. Vol. I. 
New York : Harper & Bros., 1885. 
2 vols. 8vo, pp. xviii, 806 ; 601. 

BiGELOW, John. Thomas Jefferson's Financial Diary. 
Harper's Magazine, March, 1885, pp. 534-542. 

BiGELOW, John. Some Recollections of Charles O^Conor. 
The Century Magazine, March, 1885, pp. 725-736, portrait. 

BiGELOW, John. Some Recollections of Lord Houghton. (Monckton 


Harper's MagaHne, November, 1885, pp. 352-357. 

BiGELOW, John. Galileo and the Doctrine of Correspondences. 
New Ohureh Meggenger, April 15, 1885, pp. 2. 

Direvte attention to the similarity of the views of Galileo and Swedenborg on the 
subject of the correspondence between spiritual and natural phenomena. 

BiGELOW, John. The Panama Canal. Report of the Hon. John Bigelow, 
delegated by the Chamber of Commerce of New York to assist at the 
inspection of the Panama Canal in February, 1886. New York : Press 
of the Chamber of Commerce, 1886. 
8vo, pp. 30, diagram. 

BiGELOW, John. The Complete Works of Bei^amin Franklin, including 
bis private as well as his official and scientific correspondence and 
numerous letters and documents now for the first time printed, with 
many others not included in any former collection ; alsQ the unmnti- 
lated and correct version of his autobiography, compiled and edited 
by John Bigelow. New York and London : G. P. Putnam's Sons ; The 
Knickerbocker Press, 1887. 

10 vols., 8vo. 

Vol. 1. 1726-'44, pp. xxxil, 523, portrait. 

Vol. II. 1744-'57, pp. xni, 523, 4 plates. 

Vol. III. 1758-'66, pp. xiii, 511, 2 plates. 

Vol. IV. 17C7-'72, pp. xvii, 558, portrait, plate. 

Vol. V. 1772-75, pp. XV, 664, I plate. 

Vol. VI. 1776-79, pp. XX, 485. 

Vol. VII. 1780-'82, pp. XXIV, 407. 

Vol. VIII. 1782-'84, pp. XIX, 522. 

Vol. IX. 1784-'88, pp. XIV, 484, 3 plates. 

Vol. X. nSS-TJO (supplement), pp. xx, 448. 

Edition. 600 copies. 

Reviewed in The New York Times August 21, 1887, June 24, December 0. 1888 j 
Neto York Tribune February 20, April 3, 1887, January 10, June 8, October 8, 1888; 
by Edward Eggleston in tho Neto York Oommerciai Advertiser September 14, 1888; 
The Oriti<: December 15, 1888. 

BiGELOW, John. France and the Confederate Navy. New York : Harper 
& Bros., 1888. 


BiGELOW, John. Franklin's Home and Host in France. 
Th$ Century Magazine^ March, 1888, pp. 741-754, lUnBtTatod. 

BiGELOW, JoHV. Emannel Swedenbocg. Servus Domini. New York and 

London : G. P. Putnam's Sons, 1888. 
Octavo, pp. 86. 

This is also pobUshed as the introdaction to 'Warren's Compendium of the Theo* 
logical WriUnss of Swedenborg. J. B. Lippincott Sc Cu., Philadelphia. 

BiGBLOW, John. France and the Confederate Navy, ld62-'68. An Inter- 
national Episode. New York : Harper &, Bros., Franklin Sqnare, 1888. 
13 mo, pp. x-247. 

BiGRLOWi John. Some Recollections of the late Edoaard Laboulaye. 
Privately printed, October, 1889. 
12mo. pp. IV, 81. 

BiGBLOW, Mblville Madison. Placita Anglo-Normannica: Law Cases 
from William I. to Richard I. Preserved in historical records. By 
Melville Madison Bigelow, author of '^ A Treatise on the Law of Estop- 
pel," ''Leading Cases on Torts, with historical notes,'' etc. London: 
SampBon Low, Marston, Searle, and Rivington, 1879. 

8to, pp. Iziv, 328. 
Edition, 500 copies. 

For the American market certain copies beai the imprint Boston : Little, Brown 
& Co., 1879; and some, Boston: Soale 4r Bagbee, 1881.. 

BiGKLow, Melville Madison. History of Procedure in England, from 
the Norman Conquest. The Norman Period (1066-1204). By Melville 
Madison Bigelow, Ph. D., Harvard University. London: Macmillan 
&. Co., 1880. 
8vo, pp. 411. 
Edition. 500 copies. 

For the American market certain copies bear the imprint, Boston : Little, Brown 
&. Co., 1880. 

Both the foregoing reviewed at the time in the English and American, and in 
several German, legal and literary journals. 

BiRNEY, William. James Q. Birney and his Times. The Genesis of the 
Republican Party. With some account of abolition movements in the 
South before 18-28. By William Birney, Ex-Brevet Major-General, U. 
S. Volunteers. New York : D. Apple ton Sc Co., 1889. 
8vo, pp. (about) 420. 
The irork is dedicated to the Students of American History*. 

Bishop, George Rikbr. Papers on Short-hand, mainly historical, though 
to some extent bibliographical, all printed in Piooeedin^H of the New 
York State Stenographer's Association. I. Presidential Opening Ad- 
dress, at annual meeting held at Watkins, N. Y., AuguHt, 18^3. II. A 
Stenographer of the Old School, the era preceding Pitman ; a paper 
read at the annual meeting of 1884, at the Catskills. III. Stenography 
as a Profession : containing, by way of concrete illustration, a sketch of 
the growth of professionalism in the law, especially denial at one time 
of the proftFssional rank in the Canonists and Civilians, in the univer- 
sities of the Middle Ages ; a paper read at annual meeting of tho Asso- 
ciation at Alexandria Bay, 1889. Also, IV, not contained in the Stato 
Association Proceedinga, article on Short-hand, almost wholly historical, 
in "International Cyclopaedia" (Dodd, Mead & Co.), 1881>. Also, in 
introductions to his '* Outlines of a Modified Phonography," 1884, and 


to his ''Exact Phonography,'' 1889, both published by the aathor, 
some historical ftcts and references are given. Mr. Bishop has also 
had a namber of contribiitiona, partly historical, pnblished in vari- 
ous short-hand publications; and a paper of his on ''Exactneea in 
Short-hand," is to appear in Proceedings of Business Educators' Con- 
vention for 1889, this being also largely historical. 

Bliss, William Root. Colonial Times on Buzzard's Bay. Boston : Hough- 
ton, Mif&in & Co., 1888. 

8vo, pp. 238, map, fac-aimile. 

Second enlarged edition in Augnst, 1889. Reviewed in New York Journal of Com- 
meree, December 6, 1888; New York ^vangelUt, December 6, 1888; The JourtuiUH 
(New York), December 8, 1888 ; Vtica Morning Herald, December 13, 1888; Newark 
DaUy Advertiser, December 11, 1888; Boston Daily Transcript, December 15, 1888; 
The Independent (New York), December 20, 1888; The Christian Union (New York), 
December 20, 1888; Chicago Tribune, December 27, 1888 r TttusviUe (Pa.) Morning 
Herald, December 18. 1888; Boston 7Vae«2{«r, December 10, 1888; Hartford Courant 
(in December), 1888; Brooklyn (N. Y.) Times, December 20, 1888; Boston Post, 
Januarys, 1889; Springfield lieptibliean (Mmh.), January 22, 1889; Boston Herald 
January, 1880; The Congregationalist, (Boston), February U, 1889;,JA4s Nation 
(New York), February 28, 1890; New York Evening Post, March, 1880; Churchman, 
March 2, 1880; Christian at Work, March 7, 1889; The New Engktnder (Keviewof 
30 pages), March, 1880; The Critic (N. Y.). March 0, 1880; Boston Daily Advertiser, 
March 12, 1880; Springfield (Maaa.) Union, March, 1880; New York Observer, April 
18, 1880 ; Commercial and Financial Chronicle (New York). April 20, 1880 ; Atlantic 
Monthly, November, 1880; New York Mail and Express, October 29, 1880. 

Bliss, William Root. The Town's Mind. 

The New Princeton Review, Vol. it, No. 2, September, 1887. 
Bliss, Wiluam Root. The Agawame Plantation. 

The New England Historical and Genealogical Register, Vol. XLI. April, 1887. 

BLISS) William Root. Impressments at Wareham, Mass., 1741 to 1748. 
The New England Historieed and Qenealogveal Register, VoL xut, April, 1889. 

Bourne, Edward Gaylord. The Origin of the Aryans. 
Ne\o Englander, April, 1887, pp. 405-411. 

A st«t.ement of the modem anthropological arguments for the Earopean origin 
of the Aryan peoples as set forth in Karl Penka's " Die Herkanft der Arier.l' 

Bourne, Edward Gaylord. The History of the Surplus Revenue of 1837. 
Being an account of its origin, its distribution among the States, and 
the-uses to which it was applied. By Edward G. Bourne, B. A., Foote 
scholar in Yale College. New York and London : G. P. Pntnam's Sons; 
The Knickerbocker Press, 1885. 
12mo, pp. vui, 161. 
1,000 copies printed. 

Reviewed in The Nation J oXy 16, 1885; New Englander jKaniiry, 1886. 
See also Horace White's " The Surplus and the Tariff," an address pnblished by 
the Massachusetts Tariff Reform League, 1888. 

The most important feature ot the work is the detailed accoant of the usee to 
which the surplus was applied by tha States. Nowhere else is the subject treated 
with any fullness. 
It contains a full classified bibliography of all sources of information. 

BowEN, Clarence Wimthrop. The Boundary Disputes of Connectiont. 
Boston : James R. Osgood & Co., 1882. 
4to, pp. 00, 17 maps, portrait. 
1,000 copies printed and electrotyped. 

Reviewed in Nation August 3. 1882; Neto York Evening Post July 31, 1882; 
Ohurehman July 212, 1882 ; New York TimeslAngaBt 14, 1882 ; The Independent, June 


BoWKK, Clarence WiNTHROP. Woodstock. An Historioal Sketch. Read 
at Roseland Park, Woodstock, Conn., at the bi -centennial celebration 
of the town on Tnesday, September 90, 1886. New York and London : 
Q. P. Putnam's Sons ; The Knickerbocker Press, 1886. 

8to, pp. 64. 

500 copies priDted ; not electrotyped. 

Reviewed in Magatine of American HUtory Ootober, 1886; Evening Pott Septem- 
ber 23, 1886. 

BowEN, Clarence Winthrop. Arthur and Lewis Tappau. Paper read 
at Bro:^way Tabernacle, New York, October 2, 1883, at fiftieth anni- 
versary of the New York City Anti-Slavery Society. 

BowBN, Clarence Winthrop. History of Woodstock Academy, Wood- 
stock, Conn. Paper read at Woodstock, Conn., at dedication of new 
academy bnilding, Angnst, 1873. 

Bowen, Clarence Winthrop. Christopher Columbns, 1492-1892. Letter 
written from Spain May, 1883, regarding four hundredth anniversary 
of discovery of America by Columbus. 

Bowen, Clarence Winthrop. The Inangnration of Washington. 

The Centuty JUustrated Monthly Magazine, Vol. xxxvil.'Ko. 6, April, 1889. 
8vo, pp» 803-833. liluatrttted. 

Brackett, Jeffrey Richardson. The Negro in Maryland. A Study of 
the Institution of Slavery. Extra volume No. vi, Johns Hopkins Uni- 
versity. Studies in Historical and Political Science. Baltimore: N. 
Murray, publication agent, Johns Hopkins University, 1889. 

8vo, pp. 268. 

Brackett. Jeffrey Richardson. Essays in the Constitutional History 

of the United States in the Formative Period, 1775-^89. Edited by Prof. 

J. F. Jamesou. The Status of the Slave, 1775-*89. By Jeffrey R. 

Brackett, Ph. D. Houghton, Mifflin & Co., Boston and New York, 1889. 

8vo. pp. 263-311. 

Brantly, William Theophilus. The Influence of European Speculation 
in the Foimation of the Federal Constitution. 
Souihem Law ^evie^o, Vol. 6, p. 350, Angnat, 1880. 

Brantly, William Theophilus. The English in Maryland. 

Chapter 13 of Vol, in of Wimor't Narrative aiui Ontical Hietory of America. • 

BrbtT; William Howard. Rise and Growth of the Cleveland Public 

Magazine of WeeUm Hietory, Vol. vii, November, 1887. 
8vo, pp. 55-61. 

Briggs, M. M. The Pioneers of Utica: Sketches of its inhabitants and 
its institutions, with the civil history of the place, from its earliest 
settlement to the year 1825 ; the Era of the opening of the Erie Canal. 
Utica, 1877. 

pp. 6M, 14 portraits, 2 maps. 

Brigqs, M. M. The Fonnders of the Oneida County Medical Society. Read 
' before the Society July 12, 1881, and published at their request. 


Briggs, M. M. The Earliest Factories of Oneida and their Projectors. 
Read before the Oneida Historical Society. Published in their Trans- 
actions, 1881. 


Briogs, M. M. The Utica High School. Read before the Oneida Histori- 

oal Society. Pablished io their Transactions, 1885. 
Brigos, H. M. Historical Sketch of the Utica Orphan Asylam. Address 

read at its &Oth Anniyersary, 1680. Pablished by the Association, 
pp. 24. 

Brock, Robert Alonzo. Wynne's Historical Docnments from the Old 
Dominion, No. 5, <' Gather up the Fragments that remain." The 
Vestry-Book of Henrico Parish, Virginia, 1730-'73, comprising a His- 
tory of the Erection of, and other interesting facts connected with the 
yenerable St. John's Chnrch, Richmond, Virginia, from the Original 
manuscript, with Notes and an Introduction. By R. A. Brock, Mem- 
her of the Virginia Historical Society, and Corresponding Member of 
the Numismatic Society of Philadelphia; the Archaeological and Nu- 
mismatic Society of New York, and the Numismatic Society of Boston. 
Printed for Private Distribution. Richmond, Va., 1874. 

4to, pp. xxviii, 222. 

Editdon of 100 copies. 

Brock, Robert Alonzo. Charles Campbell, the Historian of Virginia. 

Potter's American Monthly ^ Vol. vii, No. 60, December, 1876. pp. 425-427. 4to. 

Brock, Robert Alonzo. A Succinct Account of Tobacco in Virginia. 
Historical, Agricultural, and Statistical, 1607-1790, with some mention 
incidentally of its history in Maryland. Prepared for the Tenth Cen- 
sus of the United States. 

TeTUh Oenew of the UniUd States. Statistics of Agriculture. 4to, pp. 212-225. 

Brock, Robert Alonzo. Journal of William Black, 1744, Secretary of 
the Commissioners appointed by Governor Qooch of Virginia, to unite 
with those from the Colonies of Pennsylvania and Maryland, to treat 
with the Iroquois or Six Nations of Indians in reference to the lands 
west of the Allegheny Mountains. Annotated. 

'Penneylvania Magazine of History and Biography, Vol. i, No. 2, pp. 117-132; No. 
3. pp. 233-249; No. 4, pp. 404-419; Vol. n, No. 1» pp. 42-49. 

Brock, Robert Alonzo. Richmond as a Manufacturing and Trading 
Center ; including a Historical Sketch of the City. Richmond, Va. : 
Jones & Cook, 1880. 
8vo, pp. 58. 

Brock, Robert Alonzo. The Nelson House, Torktown, Virginia. 

The Magazine of American History, Yol. vii, No. 1, July, 1881, pp. 47-58. • 
PUte of Nelson House, and cut of the Nelson arms. 

Brock, Robert Alonzo. Early Iron-Manufacture in Virginia, 1619-1776. 
Accompanying specimens of slag from the old foundry at Falling 
Creek, Va. Established in 1619. Donation, No. 9378. 

Proceedings of Vnited States National Miueun^ 1886. 870, pp. 77-^. 

Brock, Robert Alonzo. Commerce, Manufacture, and General Statistics 
of Richmond, Virginia, 188.5. Internal Commerce of the United States, 

8vo, pp. 78-92. 

Brock, Robert Alonzo. Virginia, 1606-1689. Vol. iii, Chap, v, pp. 127- 
166. Narrative and Critical History of America. Edited by Justin 
Winsor, etc. Houghton, Mifflin & Co. 4to. Boston, Mass. 


Brock, Robert Aloxzo. Kxecntiyes of Virginia, 1606-1889. Hardeaty's 
Encyclopedia Folio, Toledo. Republished in 1889 as ^'Virginia and 
Virginians.** Vol. i, p. 408. Containing chiefly the biographical 
sketches as above, Vol. ii, pp. 516-551, illastruted. 

Brock, Robkrt Alonzo. Southern Historical Society Papers. Vol. xv. 
Paroles of the Army of Northern Virginia, R. E. Lee, General C. S. A., 
commanding, surrendered at A)>pomattoz C. H., Va., April 9, 1865, to 
Lieu tenant-General U. 8. Grant, Commanding Arn^ies of the U. S. 
Now first printed from the duplicate originals in the archives of the 
Southern Historical Society. Edited with introduction and notes by 
B. A. Brock, Secretary of the Southern Historical Society, Richmond, 
Va. Published by the Society, 1887. 
8vo, pp. xxviii, 608. 

Brock, Robe;rt Alonzo. Southern Historical Society Papers. Vol. xvi. 
Edited by R. A. Brock, Secretary of the Southern Historical Society, 
etc. 1888. 

8vQ, pp. 464. 

EditioBs of 1,000 copies eaoli. 

Note.— Mr. Brock haa been a freqaent contributor to the preas and magazines 
since boyhood ; was one or the editors of the Richmond Standard, a select family 
paper, with departments of science, history, genealogy, etc., from 1878 to 1882; has 
edited eight Tolumes of the new series of the "Virginia Historical (yollections," 
published by the Virginia Historical Society, and two Tolamos of the " Papers '' of 
the Southern Historical Society (of which he has been the secretary aiuce Jnly, 
1887), and other historical, autiqnarian, and genc^ogical works, beaidfa contribu- 
tions to standard works, and preparing variona st'itiittical and historical papers for 
the United States Government and his native State and citj*. 
BKOifSON, Henry. The History of Waterbury, Conn., the original town- 
ship, embracing Watertown and Plymouth and parts of Oxford, WoU 
cottf Middlebury, Prospect, and Naugatnck, with an appendix of biog- 
raphy, genealogy, and statistics. Waterbury : Bron Brothers, 1858. 
8mo, pp. 582, 29 engravings. 

Bronson, Henry. A Historical Account of Connecticut Currency, Conti- 
nental Money, and the Finances of the Revolution. 

Papera of the New Haven Colony Historical Society , Vol. I, 1865. 8vo. 

BR0NS019, Henry. Brief biographical notices of Prof. William Tully, M. 
D., 8vo, 1861, pp. 7; of Prof. Charles Hooker, M. D., 8vo, 18(55, pp. 10; 
of Prof. Eli Ives, M. D., 8vo, 1807, pp. 10; of Prof. Worthington 
Hooker, M. D., 8vo, 1870, pp. 6, printed in the years attached to the 
names, in the Proceedings of the Connecticut Medical Society. 

Bronson, Henry. Medical History and Biography. 

Papert of the N. H. Colony Historical Society, Vol. n, pp. 150. 

It is a history of the movement which ended in chartering and organizing the 
Connecticnt Medical Society and other local societies in Connecticut, with brief 
biographical sketches of those engaged in the work. 

Bronson, Henry. History of Intermittent Fever in the New Haven Re- 
gion, with an attempt to distinguish known from unknown causes. 
Proceedings of the ConneotictU Medical Society, 1872, pp. 52. 

Bronson, Henry. Biographical Sketch of the Life and Character of 
Ralph J. Ingersoll, Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary 
to Russia. 1873. 
8vo, pp. 19. 

This pamphlet was printed for private circnlation. A much abbreviftted copy 
appeared in the Connecticut Reports, 1873. 


Brokson, Hbnry. Chapters on the Early Govemnieut of Couneotlcat, 
With Critical and Explanatory Keinarkti on the Constitution of 16:)9. 
Papers of the New Haven Colony Hietorical Society, Yol. m, 1882. 
8vo, pp. 111. 

Brown, Alexander. Sir Thomas West, Third Lord de la Warr. 

The Magazine of American Hiatory. Vol. ix, No. 1, Janaarj^ 1883, pp. 18-30. 

Brown, Alkxandkr. Concerning the Virginia Pioneers. 

The Magazine of American Hiutory, Vol. ix, No. 6, June, 188.1, pp. -461-464. 

Brown, Alexander. Abstract of Mr. Brown's Paper ** New Views of Early 

Virginia History, 1606-1619." 

Papere of the American Hietorical Aetociation, Vol. ll, No. 1, pp. 22-23. 

Thia paper was read by Dr. Charles I)eane, vice-president of the Massacbii- 
aetts Hiatorioal Society at tbo evening session of the American Historical Asso- 
ciation, Washington, April 27, 1886. The paper wis afterwanls privately printe<l 
for me by The Bedford Ind^x, Liberty, Va., 150 copies, which were given to friends 
and placed where they were likely to aid me in pfocnring data for my forth- 
coming Oenesie of the United Statee. 

Brown, John Mason. Memoranda of the Preston Family. Printed for 
private distrlhntion . Frankfort, Ky : S. I. M. Major, printer, 1870. 
A sketch of the descendants of John Preston, of Tinkling Spring; Augusta 
County, Va. Limited edition of 300 'copies. 

In this compilation is contained tbo genealogy of tlie Preston, Breckinridge, 
Brown, Blair, and McDowell families of Virginia and Kentucky. 

Brown, John Mason. An oration delivered on the occasion of the cen- 
tennial commemoration of the battle of the Blue Licks, August 19, 
1882. Pahlished under the auspices of the Kentucky Historical So- 
ciety, Frankfort, Ky. Printed at the Kentucky Yeoman office: Major, 

Johnston & JBarrett, 1682. 

A historical account of the inonrsion of Simon Girty and attack on the Kentucky 
Edition, 600 copies. 

Brown, John Mason. An address delivered on the occasion of the cen- 
tennial commemoration of the town of Frankfort, Ky., October 0, 18S6. 
Lonisville, Ky. : Kentucky Lithograph and Printing Company, 1886. 
Containing researches and narratives of political events connected with the al* 
leged Spanish conspiracies and the intrigues of Aaron Barr. 
Edition, 500 copies. 

Brown, John Mason. Kentucky Pioneers. Historical article upon the 
early settlers of Kentucky. 

Harper's Magazine for June, 1887, Vol. 75, pp. 48-71. 

Brymnbr, Douglas. Series of reports on '' Canadian Archives," contain- 
ing documents relating to the history of Canada and the United States. 
Published by the Canadian Government from 1881 to 1688, to be fol- 
lowed by other aunual reports on the same subject. A paper read at 
Washington on the origin aud progress of the work of collecting 
Canadian Archives has been published in the report of the proceedings 
at Washington, December, 1889, of the American Historical Association. 

BuGBEB, Jambs McKrllar. A Memorial of Edward Everett, from the 
city of Boston. Boston : Printed by order of the city council, 1865. 
Royal 8v^o, pp. 315. 2 portraits. 
Limited edition, on large paper. 


BcTGBKB, James McKellar. Fires aud Fire Departments. Boston: James 
R. Osgood & Co., 1873. 
8vo, pp. 38.' 
OriKinally printed in North American Review, Jaly, 1873 

BUGBEE; James McKellar. The Battle of Bunker Hill. [Osgood's Cen- 
tenniul Memorial.] A prose sketch to accompany Oliver Wendell 
Holmes's "Grandmother's Story of Bunker Hill Battle." Boston: 
James R. Osgood & Co., 1875. » 

4to, pp. 12. Illustrated. 

BuOBEE, James McKellar. Celebration of the Centennial Anniversary 
of the Battle of Bunker Hill, with an appendix [by Justin WinsorJ, 
containing a snrvey of the literature of the battle, its antecedents and 
results. Compiled and edited by James M. Bngbee. Boston : A. 
Williams & Co., 1875. 
8vo, pp. 174. Iliastrated. 

BUGBEB, James McKellar. The Eastern Question Historically Con- 
sidered. Boston : James R. Osgood & Co., 1877. 
16mo, pp. 95, 2 maps. 

BuGBEE, James McKellar. The Origin and Development of Local Self- 
Government in England and the United States. Au address by James 
M. Bugbee, read at the annual meeting of the Americau Social Science 
Association in Boston January 14, 1680. Boston : A. Williams & Co., 

8vo., pp. 39. 

Bugbee, James McKellar. Boston under the Mayors. Vol. iii, Chap. 
II. Memorial History of Boston. Boston, 1881. 
4to, pp. 217-292. Illustrated. 

Bugbee, James McKellar. The City Government of Boston. 

Johns Hopkint UniperHty Studiet in Ilittorieal and Political Science, 5th neries, 
TIL Baltimore, Johns Hopkins Univ'ersity, March 1887. 
8vo, pp. 60. 

Burgess, John W. The American Commonwealth. 
PoliOcal Science Quarterly, Vol. i. No. 1. 

Burgess, John W. The recent Constitutional Crisis in Norway. 
Political Science Quarterly, Vol. I, No. 2. 

Burgess, John W. Von Hoist's Public Law of the United States. 
PoUtieal Science Quarterly, Vol. I, No. 4. 

BuRGBS^, John W. The Cnltur« Conflict in Prussia. 
Political Science Quarterly, VoL II, No. 2. 

Burgess, John W. Labaud's German Public Law. 
Political Science Quart^irly, Vol. Ill, No. 1. 

Burgess, .John W. The German Emperor. 
Political Science Quart^irly, Vol. in, No. 2. 

Burgess, John W. The Electoral Count. 

PoUtieal Science Quarterly, Vol. ill, No. 4. 

Burgess, John W. The legal status of Religious Organization in the 

Modern States. 

Andover Review, VoV VUI, No. 43. 

Burgess, John W. The study of the Political Sciences iu Columbia 


International Review, Vol. xil, No. 4. 


Burgess, John W. The Methods of Historical Study and Besearoh in 
Culuuibia College. HalFs Methods of Teaching History. Boston: 
Ginn, Heath <fc Co., 1883. 

BuRGRSS, John W. The American University. Boston : Ginn, Heath & 
Co., 1884. 

Burgess, John W. The Franks. 

Johnson'g Otfclopcffdia, Vol. ii. 

BuRCilcss, John W. The Middle Ages. 
Johnetm's Cyclopiedia, YoL in. 

Bush, Georgr Gary. The Origin of the First German Universities. 

8vo, pp. 40. 

:Education, March, Kay, and July, 188i. 

Reprint, Boston: New England Publishing Company. 

Bush, George Gary. First Common Schools of New England. 
New Englatider, March and May, 1885; pp. 214-226; 330-343. 

Bush, Geokge Gary. Harvard: The First American University. An 
Historic Work. Boston: Cupples^Topham &, Co., Publishers, 1886. 
l6mo, pp. 160. 

Bush, George Gary. United States Bureau of Education, Circnlar of In- 
formatiou, No. 7, 1888. Contributions to American Educational History. 
Edited by Herbert B. Adams. No. 6. History of Education in Florida, 
by George Gary Bush, Ph. D. Washington: Government Printing 
Office, 1889. 

8vo, pp. 54, 4 plates. 

Butler, George H. Thomas Butler and his Descendants. A genealogy 
of the descendants of Thomas and Elizabeth Butler of *' Butler's Hill,'' 
South Berwick, Me., 1674 to 1880. New York : Trow's Printing and 
Book-binding Company. 

8vo, pp. 198. Frontieplcce. 

Edition, 600 copies. 

Reviewed in The New York Oenealogieal and Bioffraphical Record^ Janaary, 1887. 

Butler, Nicholas Murray. The Influence of the War of 1812 upon the 
Consolidation of the American Uuion. By Nicholas Mnrray Batler, 
Ph. D., Columbia College. Baltimore: Publication Agency of the 
Johns Hopkins University, July, 1887. 

8vo, pp. 24. 

Edition 2,000 copies. 

Campbell, Douglas. Climatic Influences as Affecting Secession and Be- 

NwrOi American Review, January, 1866. 

Camppell, Douglas. Central New York in the Revolution. An address 
delivered at Cherry Valley, N. Y., 1878, at the unveiling of a monu- 
ment to commemorate the massacre of November, 1778. Privately 
printed. New York, 1678. 

600 copies printed. It is also ia Oentennial Oelebratiwu of the State of New 
York, 1879. 

Campbell, Douglas. Historical Fallacies Regarding Colonial New York. 
An address delivered before the Oneida Historical Society, at Utica, 
N.Y.. January 14,1879. 

Published by the society. Edition, 600 copiea. 


Campbell, Douglas. The Iroquois or Six Nations, and New York's In- 
dian Policy. In *^ General John Sullivan's Indian Expedition." Aa< 
burn, N, Y. : Knapp, Peck & Thompson, Printers, 1887. 

4to, pp.457>470. 

Pablisb^d by the State of New York. Edition, 5,000 copies. 

Campbell, Dougt^s. New York and Ohio's Centennial. 

Magazine o/Ameriean History, March, 1888. 

Carrington, Henry Beebee. The Indian Question. Addresses in Eng- 
land and America and opening of wagon- road to Montana. With 

maps. Boston : Charles H. Whiting, 1866. 
8vo, pp. 83. 

Carringtox, Henry Beebee. Ab-sa-ra-ka, land of Massacre, being the 
experience^of an officer's wife on the Plains, with an ontline of Indian 
operations and conferences from 1865 to 1878. By Col. Henry B. Car- 
rington, U. S. A., author of ''The Battles of the American Revolution." 
Sixth edition of Mrs. Carrington's narrative, Philadelphia : J. B. Lip- 

pencott &, Co., 1868. 

12ino, pp. 878. lUustrated. 

Carrington, Henry Beebee. Battles of the American Revolution, 1775- 
1781. Historical and military criticism. With topographical illustra- 
tions. ** Institia et prat&rea nilJ^ Fifth thousand. By Henry B. Car- 
rington, M. A., LL.D., Colonel United States Army, Professor Military 
Science and Dynamic Engineering, Wabash College, State of Indiana, 
United States of America. Forty-one maps. New York, Chicago, and 
New Orleans : A. S. Barnes &, Co., 1876. 

8to, pp. 712. 

Carrington, Henry Beebee. Ocean to Ocean. Philadelphia : J. B. Lip- 
pincott&Co, 1878. 
16mo, pp. 48. Maps. 

Carrington, Henry Beebee. Crisis Thoughts. In three parts : I. ''The 
hour, the peril, the duty," 1861. II. "The war; its nature and pros- 
pects, its moral and social evils, and its ultimate result," 1863. III. 
" Kind words to colored citizens upon the religious, educational, social, 
and personal duty of their race," 1869. Philadelphia : J. B. Lippin- 
c*)tt&Co., 1878. 
12mo, pp. 108. 

Carrington, Henry Beebee. Battle Maps and Charts of the American 
Revolution. Forty-one maps, with field notes ; for high schools and 
colleges. New York, Chicago, and New Orleans: A. S. Barnes <& Co., 

8ro, p0. 78. 41 maps. 

Carrington, Henry Beebee. The Strategical Relations of New Jersey to 
the War for American Independence. Delivered before and published 
by the New Jersey Historical Society, 1885. 

Carrington, Henry Beebee. ' ' The Washington Obelisk and its Voices," 
or "The Inner Facings of the Washington Monument, with their Les- 
sons." By Henry B. Carrington, U. S. A., author of '* Battles of the 
American Revolution," etc. Boston : Lee &, Shepard, 1887. 
8vo, pp. 48. niustrated. 

Carrington, Henry Beebee. Patriotic Reader, or Human Liberty De- 
veloped. In verse and prose from various ages, lands, and races. With 


historical notes. By Henry B. Carrington, U. S. A., LL.D., author of 

''Battles of the American Revolution," etc. In sixteen parts. ''The 

Patriot's Cry/' Psalm cicxxvii. Philadelphia: J. B. Lippincott &. Co., 


8ro, pp. 611. 

Carrington, Henry Brkbbr. Revolutionary Annals: "The Battle of 
Banker Hill," "The Siege of Boston," "The Defense of New York, 
1776." Boston : Stanley & Usher. 
8vo, pp. 64. Maps. 

Caulfield, James Hulmk. Kansas. A History. Philadelphia: Pah- 
lisher, Cowperthwaite & Co., 1884. 
8vo, pp. 48. 

This is a sketch of the territorial history only, prepared for use in schools, and 
published as aa appendix to Barard'8 Uuiteil States History. 

Caulfie(.d, Jamrs Hulme. Kansas State University. An Historical 


The Kangas Review. Vol. V, pp. 101-109. Decetnber, 1883. 

Chamberlain, Mellen. Winnisimmet, Ruianey Marsh, and Pnllen Point 
in the Colonial Period. By Mellen Chamberlain, Librarian of tne 
Boston Public Library. Being Chapter xv, of the Memorial History 
of Boston, including Suffolk Connty, Massachusetts, 1630-1880. Edited 
by Justin Winsor, Librarian of Harvard University. In two volames. 
Boston : James R. Osgood &, Co., 1880. 
Vol. L Chapter xv, 4to, pp. 445-452. 

Vol. II. Chapter xiv, 4to, pp. 37.'>-380. In the Provincial Period. 
Vol. III. Cbapt<^r xlx, 4to, pp. 611-616. From the clbse of the Provincial Period. 

Chamberlain Mbllen. Joho Adams, the Statesman of the American 
Revolution. Address before the Webster Historical Society, at its 
Annual Meeting in Boston, January 18, 1884. Boston : Published by 
the Society, office 83 Equitable Building, 1884. 
• 8vo, pp. 85. 

Chamberlain, Mellen. The Authentication of the Declaration of Inde- 
pendence, July 4, 1776. [Reprinted from the Proceedings of the 
Ma.'isachusetts Historical Society, November, 18*^4.] Cambridge: John 
Wilson & Son, University Press, 1885. 

8vo, pp. 29. 

Chamberlain, Mellen. Samuel Maverick's Palisaide House of 1630. [Re- 
printed from the Proceedings of the Massachusetts Historical Society, 
January, 1885.] Cambridge: John Wilson & Son, University Press. 


8vo, pp. 10. 

Chamberlain, Mellen. Address at the Dedication of Wilson Hall (Dart- 
mouth College Library Building). [Juno 24, 18;<5.] 1886. 
8vo, pp. 26. 
An Historical Sketch of American Literature. 

Chamberlain, Mellen. The History of the People of the United States. 
A Review of McMaster's History. [Reprinted from the Andover Re- 
view for June, 1886.] Cambridge: Printed at the Riverside Press^ 


8vo, pp. 19. 


Chambsrlain, M£LLEN. Remarks of Hon. Mellen Chamberlain, at the 
Dinner of the AInmni of Dartmoath College, at Concord, N. H., June 
17, 1886, on the occasion of the Dedication of a Statue of Daniel 
Webster. Privately Print<id. 
8vo, pp. 12. 

CaAMBERLAiN, Mkllen, co-editor. Letter-Book of Samuel Sewall. "2 vols. 

8vo, being volumes 1 and 2, of the Collections of the Massachusetts 

Historical Society, 6th series. Boston : Published by the Society, 1886. 

Some of the Principal Notes in YoL 1, 20. On the Earliest Letter of Samuel 

Sewall, 2 pp. ' p. 52. On the Declaration for Liberty of Conscience by James II, 

April 4, 1687, B pp. p. 68. On the effect of the Repeal of the Massachasetta Charter 

in 1684, on the title to lands, 6 pp. p. 99. On Governor Bellingham's Will, 5 pp. p. 

143. On the Orerthrow of the Andros Government in Massachasetts in 1680, 5 pp. 

Chamberlain, Mellkn. Address at the Dedication of the Brooks Library 
Bnilding, at Brattleborough, Vt., January 25, 1887. By Mellen Cham- 
berlain, Librarian of the Boston Public Library. Cambridge : John 
Wilson «fe Son, University Press, 1887. 

870, pp. 35. 

This address undertakes to treat the literature of New England hlHtorically. 

Chamberlain, Mell^sn. The Constitutional Relations of the Atnerican 
Colonies to the English Government at the Commencement of the 
American Revolution. A paper read before the American Historical 
Association in Boston, May 23, 1887. (Reprinted from the papers of the 
Association.) New York : The Knickerbocker Press, 1886. 
. 8to, pp. 23. 

Chambkrlain, Mklle>'. The Revolution Impending. Chapter I, Vol. 
VI, of the Narrative and Critical History of America. Edited by Jus- 
tin Winsor. Boston and New York: Honghtou, MitHin & Company, 
Cambridge, The Riverside Press, 168^. 

Chamberlain, Mellen. Josiah Quiucy. The Great Mayor. An address 
delivered before the Massachusetts Society for Promoting Good Citi- 
s^nship, at the Old South Moetiug-House, Boston, February 25, 1889. 
Boston : Published by the Society, 1889. 
8vo, pp. 24. Portrait. 

Clark, Alonzo Howaiu>. Tenth Census Bulletin, No. 291. Statistics of 
the Fisheries of New Hampshire, Rhode Island, and Connecticut. 
Washington : Government Printing Office, 1882. 
4to pp. 7. 

Clark, Alonzo Howard. Tenth Census Bulletin, No. 295. Statistics of 
the Fisheries of Massachusetts. Washington : Government Printing 
Office, 1882. 
4to pp. 35. 

Clark, Alonzo Howard. The use of Steamers in the Mackerel Fishery, 

Bulletin U, S. Fish Commission, n, 1882, p. 15C. 

Clark, Alonzo Howard. Great ' International Fisheries Exhibition. 
Loudon, 1883. United States of America. K. Catalogue of Fishery 
Products, and of the Apparatus Used in their Preparation. By A. 
Howard Clark, Assistant in the Department of Art and Industry, 
United States National Museum. Washington : Government Printing 
Office, 1884. 

8to, pp. 124. 

Printed also as part of Bulletin V. S. National Museum, No. 27, pp. 1031-1154. 


Clark, Alonzo Howard. Statistical Description of the American Whale 
Fishery. London, 1883. 

The Fishery Industriet of the United State: By Or. Brown Goode. 8to, pp. 87-8a 

Clark, Alonzo Howard. Statistics of the Menhaden Indnstry in 18801 
LoudoD, 1883. 

The Fithery Induetriee of the UniUd States. By G. Brown Goode. 8vo, p. 40. 

Clark, Aix)nzo Howard. Statistics of the Whale Fishery. 

United States Catalogue o/ London Fieheriee Exhibition, 1883, 8eo. £, pp. 28-29. 

Clark, Alonzo Howard , Methods of Packing Mackerel. Statistics of In- 
spection of Mackerel from 1804 to 1880. The Mackerel Inspection 
Laws of the United States and of the Dominion of Canada. [Three 
Chapters of Materials for a History of the Mackerel Fishery. By G. 
Brown Goode, K. E. Earll, J. W. Collins, and A. Howard Clark.] 
Washington : Government Printing Office, 1883. 
8vo, p. 140. 

Printed also, in Annual Report U. S. Fish Commission, 1881. [1884], pp. 227-307, 

Clark, Alonzo Howard (associate author). United States Commission 
of Fish and Fisheries, Spencer F. Baird, Commissioner. The Fisheries 
and Fishery Industries of the United States. Prepared through the co- 
operation of the Commissioner of Fisheries and the Superintendent of 
the Tenth Census. By George Brown Goode, Assistant Secretary of 
the Smithsonian Institution, and a staff of associates. Washington: 
Government Printing Office, 1883-^87. 
4to. 6 Tola, text and 2 vols, platea. 

Clark, Alonzo Howard. The Fisheries of Massachusetts. 

The Fisheries and Fishery Industries of the United StcUes, Sec. n, 1887, Part m, 
4to, pp. 113-280. 

Clark, Alonzo Howard. The Fisheries of Rhode Island. 

The Fisheries and Fishery Industries of the United States, Sec. u, 188t, Part TV, 
4to, pp. 281-310. 

Clark, Alonzo Howard. The Coast of Connecticut and its Fisheries. 

The Fisheries and Fishery Industries of the United States, Sec. n. 1887, Part v, 
4to, pp. 311-340. 

Clark, Alonzo Howard. Historical References to the Fisheries of New 


The Fisheries and Fishery Industries of the United States, Sec. il, 1887, Appen- 
dix, 4to, pp. 675-737. 

Clark, Alonzo Howard. History and Present Condition of the Whale 


The Fisheries and Fishery Industries of the United States, Sec. v, Vol. n, 1887, 
4 to, pp. 1-218, 5 plates. 

Clark, Alonzo Howard. The Blackfish and Porpoise Fisheries. 

The Fisheries and Fishery Industries of the United States, Sec. v, Vol. ll, 1887, 
4to, pp. 295-310, 3 platea. 

Clark, Alonzo Howard. The Pacific Walrus Fishery. 

The Fisheries and Fishery Industries of (he United States, Sec. v, Vol. n, 1887, 
4to, pp. 311-318, 3 plates. 

Clark, Alonzo Howard. The Antarctic Fur-Seal and Sea-Elephant In- 

The Fisheries and Fishery Industries of the United States, Sec. v. Vol. n, 1887, 
4to, pp. 400-467, 3 platea. 


Ci^RK, AxoNZO Howard. The North Atlantic Seal Fishery. 

TAe FUiheriet and FUhery Induttriet of the ZTnited Statet, Sec. v, ToL ii, 1887, 
4to, pp. 474-483. 

Clark, Alonzo Howard. Notes on the Fisheries of Gloacester, Mass. 

Bulletin U. 8, FUh Oommiition, iv, 1884, pp. 401-410. 

Clark, Alonzo Howard. Notes on the New England Fishery for Sword- 
Fish (hiring the Season of 1884. 

A nnual Report V. S. Fith CommUeion, 1881 [1886], 8vo, pp. 233-239. 

Clark, Alonzo Howard. To Prevent Dried Fish from Reddening. 
BitUetin U. 8. Fith Gommietum, Vol. v, 1885, p. 79. 

Clark, Alonzo Howard. History of the loed-Fish and Frozen-Fish 
Trade of the United States. 

Traneaetunu American Fieheriee Society, 1886, p. 68. 
Foreet and Stream, xxvn, No. 3, Anguat 12, 1886, p. 50. 
Btdletin V. 8. Fieh OommitiCon, vi, 1886, pp. 467-469. 

Clark, Alonzo Howard. Review of the Fur-Seal Fisheries of the World 
in 1887. ' 

Senate Executive DoeumenU No. 106, 50tb Cong., 2d sessioD, February 12, 1889, pp. 

Clark, Alonzo Howard. The American Whale Fishery, 1877-*86. * 
Science, ix, No. 217, April 1, 1887, pp. 321-324. 

Clark,' Alonzo Howard. Fish Preservation by Acids. 
Foreet and Stream, xxviii, No. 22, J one 23, 1887, p. 479. 

CooLEY, Thomas McIntyrb. Michigan. A History of Governments. 
Commonwealth Series. Boston : Houghton, Mifflin & Co., 1885. 
8vo, pp. 376. Maps. 

CooLKY, Thomas McIntyre. The Acquisition of Louisiana. No. 3 of 
Indiana Historical Society Pamphlets. Indianapolis: The Boweii- 
Merrill Co., Publishers, 1887. 
8vo, pp. 25. 

COUR, Katb Morris. A Sketch of the Life of Sylvester Morris. By his 
granddaughter, Kate Morris Cone. Boston, Mass., 1887. 
8to, pp. 44. 
Privately pr nted. Edition, 200 copies. 

COURTKNAY, WiLLiAM A. City Year Book of Charleston, S. C. 1880. 

In all, eight volumes have been issued (1880-'87), In each of which are local his- 
tory, rare maps, etc. 

CouRTENAY, WiLLiAM A. Centennial Address on the occasion of the lOOth 
Anniversary of Charleston, S. C. 188:^. 

Cruikshank, Ernest Alexander. The Jewish Race and the Jewish 
Religion. Translated from the French of Ernest Rcnan. 

The Modem Age Magazine, May, 1883. New York, 1883. 8vo, pp. 282-290. 

Cruikshank, Ernest Alexander. A Historical and Descriptive Sketch 
of the County of Welland, in the Province of Ontario. Published by 
authority of the county council. Welland : Sawle &, Suartt, 1886. 

8vo, pp. 76. 

Edition, 900 copies. 

Cruikshank, Ernest Alexander. The History of the County of Wel- 
land, Ontario, its Past and Present. [Chapter II. The War of 1812, 


pp. 93-111 ; Fort Erie, pp. 245-275. ] Welland : Welland Tribune Print- 
ing House, 1887. 

8vo, pp. 591. 
Edition, 500 copies. 

Cruikshank, Ernest Alkxandbr. Tho Battle of Lundy^s Lane, 1814* 
An Address delivered before the Lundy's Lane Historical Society, Oc- 
tpber 16, 1888. Welland : W. T. Sawle, 1888. 
8vo, pp. 40. Plan. 
Edition, 500 copies. 

Cruikshank, Ernest Alexander. The Fight in the Beechwoods. A 
Study in Canadian History. Welland : W. T. Sawle, 1889. 

8vo, pp. 25. 
Edition, 500 copies. 

Cruikshank, Ernest Alexander. The Settlement and Early History of 
the Niagara Peninsula, formerly kuown as the County of Lincoln, iu 
the Province of Ontario. A lecture. Welland, 1889. 

8vo 'ip. 40. Plan. 
Euittun, 500 copies. 

Cruikshank, Ernest Alexander. The Cruises of a Nova Scotia Priva- 


Canadiana, Vol. I, No. 6, June, 1889. Montreal, 1889. 8vo. pp. 81-B8. 

Cruikshank, Eknest Alexander. Colonial Privateers in the War of 1812. 

Canadiana, Vol. i, Xo. 9, September, 1 SS9. Montreal, 1889. 8vo, pp 129-137. 

CuLLUM, George W. Register of the Officers and Graduates of the United 
States Military Academy, at West Point, N. Y., from March 16, 1802 
(date of its establishment), to January 1, 1850. Printed by J, F, Trow, 

New York. 
12mo, pp. 303. 

About 2,000 copies printed for the ase of officers and graduates of the United 
States Military Academy. 

CuLLUM, George W. Translated from the French, with annotations of 
Dupar6q. "Elements of Military Art and History, comprlfllng the 
History and Tactics of the Separate Arms; the Combination of the 
Arms; and the Minor Operations of War." New York: D. Van Nos- 

traud, 1863. 

8vo, pp. 456. Illustrated by aixty cuts. 
Edition, 2,000 copies. 

CULLUM, George W. Systems of Military Bridges in use by the United 
States Army, those adopted by the Great European Powers, and such 
as employed in British India, with directions for the preservation, 
destruction, aud re-establishment of bridges. Published by D. Van 
Nostrand, 18G3. 

8vo, pp. 226. Illn.strate<l b} cuts said seven large plates. 

Edition, about 1,000 copies. 

CuLLUM, George W. Biographical Register of the Officers and Gradu- 
ates of the U. S. Military Academy, at West Point, N. Y., from its 
establishment, March IG, 1802, to the Array reorganization of 186(>-'67. 
Large 8vo, Vol. i, pp. 665; Vol. n, pp. 665. 

Second edition, containing the Register of Graduates, in a supplemental volame, 
to January 1, 1879. 
lAr(;e8vo, supplement, pp. 544. 
Editions of the above, 3,000 copies. 
Third edition, to January 1, 1890, in preparation. 


CUIXUM, Gborob W. Campaigns of the War of 1812-15 against Great 
Britain sketched and criticised; with brief biographies of the Ameri- 
can Engineers. 

8ro, pp. 412. 16 maps and plana of battles. Edition, 500 copies. 

CuLLUM, Georgk W. The Land of Egypt. 

8to, pp. 1-28, Vol. xui, 1881, Journal of the American QeographicaA Society, 

CULLUM, George W. The Acropolis of Athens. 

8vo, pp. 1-12, Vol. XIV, 1882, Journal of the American Qeographieal Society 

CuLLUM, George W. The Valley of the Loire and its Historic Chateaux. 
8vo, pp. 21&-256, Vol. XV, 1883, Journal of the American Geographical Society. 

CuixuM, Gkorgk W. Spain : The Orient and the Occident. 
8to, pp. 82. Privately printed. Edition, 250 copies. 

CvLLVM, George W. Historical Sketch of the Fortification Defenses of 

Narragansett Bay since the Fonudingin 163S of the Colony of Rhode 


8vo, pp. 32. 7 plates. Fablisbed, 1884, by the U, S. Engineer Department. Edi- 
tion, 600 copies. Repablished in Magazine of American Ristoty. 

CULLOM, George W. The Straggle for the Hudson, forming Chap. IV, 
Vol. VI, pp. 273-323, of Justin Winsor's ** Narrative and Critical His- 
tory of America." 

Culli;m, George W. Biographical Sketch of Major-General Richard 
Montgomery, of the Continental Army, who fell in the assault on Que- 
bec, December 31, 1775. 

8vo, pp. 16. Privately printed. Edition, 250 copies. 

Republished in Magazine of American History, pp. 273-290, VoL xi. 

CuLLUM, George W. Biographical Sketch of Dr. Isaac I. Hayes, the 
Arctic Explorer. 

8vo, pp. 110-124, Vol. xm, 1881, Journal of the American Geographical Society. 

CuLLUM, George W. Biographical Sketch of Brigadier General Sylvanus 
Thayer, Superintendent of the U. S. Military Academy, July 2S, 1817, 
to July 1, 1833. An address upon the uuTeiling of his statue at West 
Point, 1833. 

I have also written a large number of biographical sketches iu newspapers and 
periodicals, chiefly for the necrology of graduates of the XJ. S. Military Academy. 

Cox, W. V. A Glance at Billingsgate ; Origin, History, and Statistics of 
the Billingsgate Fish Market, London. 
Transporting Fish in the British Isles. 

Tranieictiont American Fieheriea Society^ May, 1885, April, 1886. 

Cox, W. V. The American Ancestry of the late Samuel Sullivan Cox. 
Record, Fifty-first Congress, first session, pp. 3711-12. 

Cox, W. V. Report on Minneapolis Exposition, 1887. 
SmUheonia/n Report, 1888, pp. 82-84. 

Cox, W. V. History of U. S. Government Exhibit at Marietta. 

OAto Centennial Report, 1888, pp. 227-290 ; also in Smiiheonian Report for 1889, 
pp. 180-187. 

XOTK. — Also editorial and other literary work in WtMtem OoUegian, Delaware, 
Ohio, 1873-'74, Cincinnati Enquirer, 187&-'79, and Daily Democrat, Zanesville, Ohio, 

S. Mis. 170 U 


Dabney, Richard Heath. The Caases of the French Revolution. New 
York: Henry Holt & Co., 1888. 

16mo, pp. 297. Edition, 600 copies. Electrotyped. Second edition, 1889. 
Based ou a course of lectures delivered in 1886 at Wflahington and Lee University. 

Daish, John Broughton. Educatioual Aspects of a Reformatory. 

The Academy, a Journal of Secondary EducaHon (Syracaae), Vol. IT, No. 3, 
April, 1889. A Uescripiion of the Xew York Stat« Beformatory at Blmira. 

Daish, John Broughton. The University and the Bible. 

Tke Century JUiuttrated Magazine, Vol xxxrn, Ko. 6, April, 1889, pp. 957, 958. 

Daish, Jofin Broughton. The Old Testament at the Johns Hopkins Uni- 

The Old Testament Studetit, Vol. vii, No. 9, May, 1888, pp. 288, 289. 
A description of a class in Old Testament History, condactod by Dr. H. B. 
Adams, includiilg a list of the topics discussed. 

Daish, John Broughton. The Study of Geography. 

Education (Boston), Vol. vm, No. 5, January, 1888, 8vo, pp. 315-320. 
A translation of a sehulrede of Herder, delivered in 1784. Iloprinted in " How to 
Study Geography," by Francis W. Parker, pp. 381. (D. Applcton & Co., N. Y.) 

Darling, Charles W. Memorial to my Honored Kindred. Utica, N. Y., 


8vo, pp. 109 (2), portraits, etc. 

Darling, Charles W. Anthropophagy. Privately Printed. Utica, N. 
Y., 1886. 

8vo, pp. 47. 
Edition, 1,000 copies. 

Darling, Charles W. New Amsterdam, Now Orange, N, Y., with Chro 
nological Data. Privately Printed, 1889. 
8vo, pp. 43. 
Edition, 1,000 copies. 

Darling, Charles W. Versions of the Bible. 

Magazine of WetUm Hittory, 1889 and 1890. 

Davis, Andrew McFarland. The Journey of Moncacht-Ap6. 

Proceedingi of the American Antiquarian Society, April 25, 1883. 8va 
8vo, 30 pp. 200 copies privately printed. 

This is an examination sh to the probable irnth of an allej^ed visit to the Paoiflo 
coast by a Yazoo Indian about the year 1700. 

Davis, Andrkw McFarland. Was it a Forgery ! 

Overland Monthly, Vol. vi. 2d scries, August, 1885. Ko. 31. 

An abstract of a paper read before the American Antiqnarian Society, In which 
is discussed the probability of a visit to the Pacific Coast, alleged by Le Page Ba 
Prats to have been made by a Yasoo Indian about tho year 1700. 

Davis, Andrew McFarland. The Voyage of the Ursulines. 

Overland Monthly. 8vo, Vol. vii, 2d series, January, 1886, No. 37, pp. 18-24. 
An account of the Voyage of the Nans who crossed the Ocean in 1727 to found 
the Ursuliue Convent at New Orleans. 

Davis, Andrew McFarland. Indian Games. Au Historical Researcli. 

BuUetin of the Essex Institute, Vul. xvii, p. 80, 1886. 8vo. 
8vo, 58 pp. 200 copies privately printed. Salem, 1886. 

A compilation from historical sources of information bearing upon gamea prac- 
ticed by the North American Indians. 

Davis, Andrew McFarland. 1779. Sullivan's Expedition against the 
Indians of New York. A letter from Andrew McFarland Davis to 


Jastin Winsor, Corresponding Secretary Massachusetts Historical So- 
ciety. With the Journal of William McKendry. Cambridge, 1886. 
8vo, 45 pp. 

One hand rod copies privately printed from the Proeeedinga of the Mtutaehutettt 
Higtorical Society. Giving a list of journals of the Sallivan Expedition which are 
known to be in existence. 

Davis, Andrew McFarland. Canada and Louisiana. Chap, i, Vol. v, of 
the '' Narrative and Critical History of America. Edited by Justin 
Winsor." Boston and New York : Houghton Mifflin & Co., The River- 
side Press, 1887. 
8vo, pp. 1-78. 

A recapitulation of the events in Canada from the death of Frontocnc to the 
peace of 1763, inclndiof; an account of the settlement of Louisiana and of the 
French occapatlon of the Mississippi Yalloy, and closing with a CotDparison of the 
Methods of Colonization adopted by the French and English. To this is appended 
a Critical essay on the Sources of Louisiana History. 

Davis, Andrew McFarlaxd. A few additional notes concerning Indian 

BuUetin of the Etsex InstituU, Vol. xviii, 1887. Svo, p. 168. 
8vo, 23 pp. 200 copies privately printed. Salem, 1887. 

This is supplomcntary to the paper entitled "Indian Games, an Historical Bo- 
search," which was printed in the Bulletin of the Enez Inttitule in 1885. 

Davis, Aijdrew McFauland. The Colony of Nox. 

Proceedingi of the American Antiquarian Society, April 27, 1887. 8vo. 
8vo, 7 pp. 50 copies privately printe<l. 

An account of how the above title came to be applied to the Colony of Now 
Haven, in the records of Harvard College. 

Davis, Andrew McParland. Letter to Justin Winsor. 

Proeeedingt of the Mauaehtttetts Historical Society, 1887. 8vo, pp. 340-341. 
Calling attention to certain papers containing information about the attack on 
Wyoming in 1778. 

Davis, Andrew McFarland. An Historical Study of Law's System. 
Quarterly Journal of Economics. Part I, April, 1887 ; Part II, July, 1887. 8vo, 
pp. 289-318; 420-452. 
• 8vo, pp. 65. 100 copies privately printed. Boston, 1887. 

Davis, Andrew McFarland. Tlic Employment of Indian Auxiliaries in 
the American War. 

8vo, pp. 709-728. 

The English IHstorvaal Jieview, October, 1887. 

Da\is, Andrew McFarland. Tho First Scholarship at Harvard College. 
Proceedings of the American Antiquarian Society, October 21, 1887. Svo. 
8vo, pp. 13. 50 copies privately printed. 

An attempt to trace the history of a scholarship established ut Harvard College, 
in 1643, by Lady Ann Mowlson of London. 

Davis, Andrew McFarland. Tho Indians and the Border Warfare of 
the Revolution. Chapter viii. Vol. vl Of the ** Narrative and Critical 
History of America. Edited hy Justin Winsor." Boston and New 
York: Hoaghtoii, Mifflin & Co., The Riverside Press, 1888. 

8vo, pp. e05-684. 

To the narrative chapter is appended a critical essay on the sources of informa 
tion. Not«s are added on the following subjects: 
Opinions of Prominent Americans on the Employment of Indians in War. 
Events at the North not connected with the Six Nations. 
Events at the South. 
Connecticut Settlers in Pennsylvania. 
Bounties for Scalps. 


Davis, Andrew McFarland. A few Notes coQceniing the Records of 
Harvard College. Library of Harvard University. Bibliographical 
contribationa. Edited by Justin Winaor, librarian, No. 27. Cam- 
bridge, Mass. : Issued by the Library of Harvard University, 1888. 
8vo, pp. 14. 

The Bnbjects of tbc«e notea are: 
The contents of a missing book of Records. 

Books given by John Harvard, Peter Bnlkloy, Sir KenelmeDigby, and Qovemor 

DAVia, Andrew McFarland. The Cambridge Press. 

Procecdinga of th^ American Antiquarian Society, April 25, 1888. 8vo. 

8vo, pp. 10. 50 copies privately printed. 

This paper relates to the publications at Cambridge, by Daye Sc Green, up to 
1654, and is based upon a memorandum found among the Dnnster MSS. in tbo 
archives of Harvard College. 

Davis, Andrew McFarland. The Site of the First College Building at 

Proceedings of the American AnHquarian Society, October 22, 1888. 8vo. 
8vo, pp. 20. 5U copies privately printed. 

Ill this paper nn attempt is mside to identify the spot where the first college 
building stood at C;!auibrldge. 

Davis, Horace. On tlie Likelihood of an Admixture of Japanese Blood on 
our Northwest Coast. A record of Japanese vessels driven upon the 
Northwest Coast of America and its out-lying islands. Read before 
the American Antiquarian Society, at their April meeting. 

8vo, pp. 22. 

Proceedingt of the American Antiquarian Society, April, 1872. 

Davis, Horace. Dolor Davis. A Sketch of his Life, with a record of his * 
earlier descendants. Printed for private distribution, 1881. 

8vo, pp. 46. 

Edition, 200 c^tpies. 

Dolor Davis was an early settler of Massachusetts. 

Davis, Horace. American Constitutions. The relations ofttho three 
departments as adjusted by a century. 

8vo, pp. 70. 

Nos. IX and X of third series of Johnt flopkins Studies in Hittoricai and Politi- 
cal Science. Baltimore, 1883. 

Davis, J. C. Bancroft. Senate Executive Document No. 27, second ses- 
sion, TUirty-second Congress. [1850.] 

This docnment contains Dispatch No. 44 from Mr. Abbott Laurence, American 
Minister at London, to Mr. Clayton, Secretary of State, dated April 19, 1850. Thin 
paper was the joint work of tlie late Henry Stevens, of London, and J. C.'^Bnn* 
croft Davis. It contains a full histerical account of the relations, polidcnl and 
otherwise, between Great Britain and the Mosquito Indians. At hia death Mr. 
Stevens left for publication a copy of the L;^ws of the Indies, dedicated to Mr. 
Davis " as a memorial of our joint investigations into the rights and liberties of the 
aborigines of America." 

Davis, J. C. Bancroft. History of Slavery in the United States. 

London Times, December, 1860. 

This history was reprinted in book form, 12mo, in 1831, and published by Samp- 
son, Low & Co., in London. 

Davis, J. C. Bancroft. Tlie case of the United States to be laid before 
the Tribunal of Arbitration to be convened at Geneva, under the pro- 


viaions of the treaty between the United States of America and Her 
Majesty the Queen of Great Britain, concluded at Washington, May 8, 
1871. Washington : Government Printing Office, 1871. 
8to, pp. 501. 

Davis, J. C. Bancroft. Notes upon the Foreign Treaties of the United 
States, with some references to negotiations preceding them ; to the 
executive, legislative, or judicial construction of them ; and to the 
causes of the abrogation of some of them. [ 1^73. ] 

These notes, together with an analytical index of the treaties, were prepared in 
the summer of 1873, and were, in the aatumn of that year, printed and bound in 
with the remaining copies (aboat 800 in all) of an edition of the treaties transmitted 
to the Senate February 1, 1871, and printed us Senate Executive Document No. 36, 
third session, Forty-first Congress. A new title page was inserted, with the words 
*' Revised Edition " printed on it, and alno a prefiM^e explaining the facts. In 1889 
these notes were reprinted in au edition of the treaties, edited by Mr. John H. 

Davis, J. C. Bancroft. Treaties of Ihe United States. 

An article in Volume III of Cyclopedia of Political Sdeivce, Political Economy, and 
of the Political History of the UniUd States, Chicago, 1884. 
8vo, pp. 944-949. 

Davis, J. C. Bancroft. Appendix to the Reports of the Decisions of the 
Supreme Court of the Uuited States from September 24, 17H9, to the 
end of the October term, 1888. 

Pp. 280. 

This appefidix foiius part of Volume 131 of the United States Reports, and con- 
tains the following historical papers : 

(ai Federal courts before the adoption of the Constitution. I. Federal courts of 
appeal in prize cases. II. Courts fur determining disputes and differences be- 
tween two or more States concerning boundary, jurisdiction, or an}' causp what- 

(b) List of cases in which sUtutcs or ordinanc's have been hold to be repugnant 
to the Constitution or laws of the United States., in whole or in part, by the Su- 
preme Court of the United States, from the organization of the court to ihe end of 
October term, 1888. 

Davis, Robert Meaxs. A sketch of Education in South Carolina. By 
R. Means Davis, Professor of History and Political Science in South 
Carolrna College. Chapter IV of "South Carolina; Resources and 
PopuLation, Institutions and Industries. Published by the State 
Board of Agriculture of South Carolina, Charleston, S. C." Walker, 
Evans & Cogswell, 1883. 
' 8vo, pp. viii, 726. 
Edition, 5,000 copies. 

Contents of sketoh : (1) Historical sketch ; (2) Public school system ; (3) Schoohi 
in Charleston ; (4) Schools in Columbia ; <5) Charitable and educational associa- 
tions; (6) Private schools; (7) Higher educ^ition for males; (8) Military instruction 
and training for males: (9) Higher education for females; (10) Professional and 
special instruction ; (11) Education of colored race; (12) Porioilical literature; (13) 
HIiteraey; (14) Appendix. 

Davis, W. W. H. El Gringo ; or New Mexico and her People. New York : 
Harper & Brothers, Publishers, 1867. 
12mo, pp. 432. 13 plates. 
Edition, 1,000 copies. 


DAVI8, W. W. JT. History of the Rebellion iu Milford Townabip, Bnckfi 

County, Pa., 1798. 

The Doylestown (Pa.) Democrat Weekly, begiDning Jaauary 3, 1860, and endiug 
March 13, 1860, eqairaleot to 338, 8vo pagea. 

The "Milford BebelUon," as H is known in history, was an insurrectionary move- 
ment against the home-tax and other direct taxes, and broke out the fall of 1798 in 
Milford Township, Bucks County, Pa. The head and front of it were John Pries, 
Frederick B eany, and John Q etinan, all residents of Milford Townsliip. They raised 
a force of 150 man, including t^t'o companies in military array, marched into tho 
neigh boi*ing county of Northampton, and released a number of insurgents the au- 
thorities had arrested. In the spring of 1799, the President scint an armed force to 
put down the insurgents, and captured the three leaders. They were tried and con- 
victed, and Fries sentenced to be hanged. Heaoy and Getmau received lighter 
sentences; all were pardoned. Fries was a patriot in the Kevolation, and was 
twice in the military service. 

Davis, W. W. H. History of the Battle of the Crooked Billet, Philadel- 
phia (now Montgomery) County, Pa. Fought May 1, 1778, between a 
detachment of British troops and Pennsylvania uiilitia, under Gen. 
John Laoey. 1860. 
8vo, pp. 19. 
Edition, 150 copies. 

The proceeds of sale were applied to a fund to erect a monument on the battle* 

Davis, W. W. H. History of the 104th Pennsylvania Regiment from Au- 
gust 22, 18G1, to September 30, 18G4. Published by the author, and 
printed by James B. Rogers, Philadelphia, Pa. 1866. 
8vo, pp. 864. 6 plates. 
Edition, 1, 500 copies. 

The author raised and organized the regiment, and it was part of his command 
the whole time it was in service. 

Davis, W. W. H. History of the Hart Family of Warminster, Bucks 
County, Pa., to which is added the Genealogy of the Family from its 
First Settlement in America. Privately printed. Doylestown, Pa. : 
W. W. H. Davis, Publisher, 1867. 

8vo, pp. 161. Plate. 

Edition, 150 copies. 

Davis, W. W. H. Sketch of the Life and Character of John Lacey, a 
Brigadier-General in the Revolutionary Army. Privately print-ed. 
Doylestown, Pa. : W. W. H. Davis, Publisher, 1868. 

«vo, pp. 124. 

Edition, 100 copies. 

It was originally published In Oraham'e Magazine, Philadelphia, Pa. 

Davis, W. W. H. The Spanish Conquest of Now Mexico. Doylestown, 
Pa. : W. W. H. Davis, Publisher, 1869. 

8vo, pp. 438. One plate, with map of route of early Spanish explorers. 
Edition, 250 copies. 

Ivcviewcd in tho Xeie Tork Tribune .and otlier newspapers. 

This work was written in the old Spanish palace at Santa Fe, K. Moic, where tho 
author hud access to Spanish MSS. never before translated. The MS. was read by 
Mr. Bancroft, the historian, who indorse4l and advised its publication. 

Davis, W. W. H. The History of Bucks County, Pa., from the Discovery 
of the Delaware to the present time. Doylestown, Pa. : W. W» H. 
Davis, Publisher, 1876. 

8vo, pp. OSO. 39 platc«. 

Edition, 1.200 copies. 


DATI6, W. W. H. Historical Address, delivered at the Celebration of the 

CeDteDDial of Doylestown, Pa., March 1, 1888. 
DoffUttovm (Pa.) Demoerctt, March 5, 1878. 

Davis, W. W. H. Washington on the West Bank of the Delaware, 1776. 
Read before the Historical Society of Pennsylyania, January 12, 1880. 
Penntylvania Maga2in$ of History and Biography, Vol. iv. No. 2, 1880, pp. 13^-163. 

Davis, W. W. H. William Penn's Home Life at the Manor House. Read be- 
fore the Buck's County Historical Society, at Pennsbury, July 18, 1882. 
Doylettoum <Pa.) Democrat, August 8, 1882, 

Davis, W. W. H. Historical Address delivered at the Bucks County, Pa., 
Bi'Centennial Celebration, held at Doyleatowu, Pa., September 1, 1882. 
Svo. pp. 32. 
OriginaUy published In the Doylettoum (Pa.) Democrat. 

Davis, W. W. H. History of the Southampton Baptist Church, Bucks 
County, Pa. Read before the Bucks County Historical Society, July 
22, 1884. , 

12mo, pp. H. 

Edition, 75 copies. 

Orif^naUy published in the Doylettown (Pa.) Democrat, 

Davis, W. W. H. The Life of John Davis. Privately printed, 1886. 
8vo. pp. 212. 6 plates. 
Edition, 150 copies. 

Davis, W. W. H. History of the Doylestown Guards. The first company 
to enter the military service of the United States from Bucks County, 
Pa., at the breaking out of the War of the Rebellion. 1887. 
8vo. pp. 238. Plate. 
Edition, ISO copies. 

Reviewed in the Bwks County (Pa.) Jntelligeneer, October 29, 1887 ; Buekt County 
Mirror, Kovembcr 12, 1887, and The Preu, Philadelphia, December 12, 1887. 

Davis, W. W. H. The Spaniard in New Mexico. Read before the Ameri 
can Historical Association at Boston. 

Papers of the American Historical Association, 1887. 

Dawson, N. H. R. The American Revolution. Address at Cahaba, Ala- 
bama, July 4, 1857. Cahaba, Ala., 1857. 

Dawson, N. H. R. Address before State Bar Association of Alabama, 
December, 188^. 

Proceedings of Bar Association^ 1884. Montgomery, Ala., 1884. 

Dawson, N. H. R.. (U. S. Commissioner of Education, 1886-'89.) Annual 
Report of Commissioner, 1885-^86, pp. 813. Annual Report of Com- 
missioner, 1886-'87, pp . 1170. Annual Report of Commissioner, 1887-88, 
pp. 10.50. Annual Report of Commissioner (in press), 1888-^89, pp. 1100. 
Washington, Goveramenfc Printing Office. 
Edition, 20.000 copiea each. 

Dawson, N. H. R. Address bcforeDepartmentof Superintendence, March 
1887. Proceedings of Superintendence, 1887. Address upon Alaska, 
before Department of Superintendence, July, 1888. Proceedings of 
SnpcriutcudenoG, 1888. Washington, Government Printing Office, 1888. 
Publishers : Bureau of Education. 
Kdition, 20,000 copies. 

Dawson, N. II. R. Address at Meeting of National Educational Assocla- 
-lion, San Francisco, Cal., July, 1888. 

Proceedings of A ssociatiofi. La w rence, Kana. , 1 888. 


DODOB, Theodore Ayrault. The Campaign of ChaucellorsTiIle. Bos- 
ton : James R. Osgood, 1881. 

8vo, pp. 278. 

Two editioDH. 2,000 copies. Electrotyped. 

Four large topographical maps, colored, abowing the nataral and artifloial feat- 
urea of the theater of operations, and the positions of the various Federal and Con- 
federate corps at different periods of the conflict. 

Kevlewed by leading newspapers and periodicals. 

Dodge, Theodore Ayrault. A BircVs Eye View of Our Civil War. Jaa. 
R. Osgood & Co., 1883. 

8vo, pp. 838. 4 maps and 38 battle-plans. Electrotyped. 

Reviewed by leading papers and periodicals in the United States and England. 

Dodge, Theodore Ayrault. Great Captains. A course of sis lectures, 
showing the intiaence on the art of war of the campaigns of Alexan- 
der, Hannibal, Caesar, Gustavus Adolphns,. Frederick, and Napoleon. 
Boston: Ticknor & Co., 1889. 

8vo, pp.2l9. 21 battle-charts. 

Edition, 1000 copies. Electrotyped. 

DE Peystbr, John Watts. A Tale of Leipsic. 

Peabody's Parlor Magazine. New Yorlt, 1832. 

DE Pbystkr, John Watts. Report to his Excellency Washington Hunt, 
Govenibr of the State of New York, etc., etc., on the Subject of the 
Organizations of the National Guards, and Municipal Military Systems 
of Europe, and the Artillery aud Arras best adapted to the State Service. 
In pursuance of General Orders No. Ill, and Instructions of July 29, 
1851. Albany : Charles Van Benthnysen, 1852. 
8vo, pp. 2i7. 

There are additional and supplementary reports relatino; to the State serrioes, a 
paid fire department with steam fire-engines, fire>escapes, of which one as a pat- 
tern was presented to th(| city of New York, submitted and published or privately 
printed. It is curious that the uniform, gray, and desif^nations of rank, sug- 
gested in the repott were adopted by the Southern Army. When first presented 
the suggestions were very favorably received by the U. & War Department. Ke. 
printed by order of the New York State legislature, senate documents No. 74, March 
26, 1853. 

DE Peyster, John Watts. The £clairenr, a Military Journal, Devoted 
to the Interests of the Military Forces of the State of New York and the 
•Official Military Circular of the 9th Brigade, N. Y. S. M. F. Pough- 
keepsie, N. Y. : Piatt & Schram, 1853-^55. 

After a short period, I not only edited but printed it entirely at my own ex- 
pense for several years (1853, 1854. 1855, 1850), distributing tbe copies gi-atuitously 
through my militia district and to whoever exhibit^l any iutorest iu such mat- 
ters. The files of this paper (which Dtaa open tu all contributors) cont.iin, in ad- 
dition to the general and special orders, many military sketches from my pen. 
My systemized account of the militia systems of Europe, the result of personal ex- 
amination during a tour (under the authority of the State, indorsed by the Unit-ed 
States) ; my report on a paid fire department with steam-engines and military 
organization, from data collected on the same tour, together with suggestions on 
the subject; my translation of the famous Bersaglieri liflo drill and bayonet exer- 
cise ; a translation of von Hardegg's ti*eatise of the science of the general statf, in 
Itself a considerable volume; a translation of von Hardegg's cbitmological tables 
of military science and history ; %'ariou8 extracts from military works of iutorest, 
were all published in the J^claireur. Among other things, one or more articles 
dwell upon the advantages of the Napoleon gun, or light 12-pouuder, soon after its 
introduction in Europe aud long before it was appreciated here in the United 


BE Peystkr, John Watts. The History of the Life of Leonard Torsten- 
Bon (Lennart Toretenson), ' ^ The Argus-Eyed Briarean- Armed'' Sena- 
tor of Sweden, Count of Ortala, Chief of the Swedish Artillery under, 
and Geueralissimo of the Swedish Armies subsequent to the death of, 
Gustavns Adolphus. Poughkeepsie, N. Y. : Piatt &, Sohram, 1855. 

8vo, pp. 381. 

i>K Pbyster, John Watts. Gems from Dutch History. (Series.) 

Military GautU, New York, 1855. 

DB Peystkr, John Watts. The Dutch at the North Pole and the Dutch 
in Maine. A paper read before the New York Historical Society, March 
3, 1857. New York, 1857. 
8vo, pp. 100. 

DK Peystkr, John Watts. Address to the Officers of the New York State 
Troops, January 19, 1858. Poughkeepsie, N. Y. : Piatt & Schram, 

8vo, pp. 40. 

DE Peystkr, John Watts. Proofs considered of the Early Settlement of 
Acadie by the Dutch, being an Appendix to The Dutch in Maine. 
Poughkeepsie : Piatt & Schram, 1856. 

Svo, pp. 19. 
Edition. 600 copies. 

DE Pey^ter, John Watts. The Dutch Battle of the Baltic ; one of the 
Most Glorious Achievements of the Mariners of Holland; a Triumph 
Worthy the Great Maritime Republic of the United Provinces. Dedi- 
cated to the St. Nicholas Society of the city of Nieuw Amsterdam and 
all true Knikkorbakkers. Poughkeepsie, N. Y. : Piatt & Schram, 

8vo, pp. 88. 

DK Peystkr, John Watts. The History of Carausins, the Dutch Augns- 
- tus and Emperor of Britain, Zeeland, Dutch Flandern, Armorica; and 
The Seas; the Great First Hollaudish Admiral, and the First Sailor 
King of England. With which is interwoven an Ilistorial and Eth- 
nological Account of the Menapii, Ihe Ancient Zeelanders, and Dutch 
Flemings. Compiled from npwards of two hundred Ancient, Medisuval, 
and Modem Authorities. Poughkeepsie, N. Y. : Piatt «& Schram, 1858. 

8vo, pp. 335. 

de Peystkr, John Watts. The Ancient, Mediaeval, and Modern Nether- 
landers, Dutch, and Flemings ; being a Synopsis of their Chorograph- 
ical and Ethnological Relations, as well us a Consideration of their 
Influence uppn the Destinies of England and France. Poughkeepsie, 

N. Y. : Piatt & Schram, ia59. 
8vo, pp. 64. 

DE Peyster, John Watts. The Invincible Armada. (Series.) 
MOUary OazeUe, New York, 1860. 

DK Peyster, John Watts. Life of Lieutenant-General (famous '* Dutch 
Vauban," styled the '* Prince of Engineers") Menno, Baron Cohorn. 
(Series. ) 

Military Gazette. New York, 1860. 

DE Petster, John Watfs. Examples of Intrepidity, as illustrated by the 
Exploits and Deatiis of the Diitcli Admirals. (Series.) 
Military Gazette. New York, ISGO-'Cl. 


DE Peyster, John Watts. State Sovereignty. Introduotory Remarks. 
Ponghkeepsie : Piatt & Schram, 1861. 

8vo, pp. 8. — 

OE Petst^r. John Watts. Mortality among Generals. (Series.) 

Military Gazette. New York, 1861. 

DB Pbyster, JoiiK Watts. The Battle of King's Mountain. (Series.) 
MUiiary GazetU. Xew York, 1861-'62. 

DE Peystek, John Watts. Military Lessons. (Series.) 

Xfw York Leader, 1861- '63. 

This Msrles equaled in quantity a large 8vo volnme. The principal matter waaa 
translation from "Dpcuments Necessary to Understand how to carry on War,'* 
constituting a supplement to "Evolutions of the Lines," by Col. Lavelaine de 
Maubenge, Paris, 1852, but the Lessons were established by an infinitude of ex- 
amples trau«lated from authorities in German and Fronch or from Engllsk trea- 
tises on the art and science of war. 

DE Peyster, John Watts. History of the Third Corps, Army of the Po- 
tomac, 1861-N55. 

This title, although not technically, is virtually, correct, for in a series of elabo- 
rate articles in dailies, weeklies, monthlies, monographs, addresses, etc., erery- 
thing relating to this Corps, eren t-o smallest details, from 1861 to 1865, was pre- 
pared with care, and put in print. These articles appeared in the Citizen, and the 
Oitizen ind Round Table ; iu Foley's Volunteer, and Soldient" and Sailors* HaJf- 
Dime Tale» r\f the late Rebellion ; in Mayne Keid's magazine, Onward ; In Chaplain 
Bourne's Soldiers' Friend; in "La Roy ale or Grand Hunt [or the Last Campaign] 
o/ the Army of the Potomac, from Petersburg to Appomattox CourtHonse, April 
2-9, 1865," illustrated with ongraTod likenesses of several of the prominent generals 
belonging to the Corps, and careful maps and plans; in the " Life of Mi^or •General 
Philip Kearny ; " in the " Third Corps at Gettysburg; General Sickles Vindicated *• 
* * * Vol. I, Nos. 3U, XII, XIII. The Yolunieet^ in a speech delivered be- 
fore the Third Army Corps Unioo, 5th May, 1875, profusely illustrated with por- 
traits of generals who commanded or belonged tc that organization, etc. These, 
arranged and condensed, would constitute a work of five or six volumes 8vo, such 
as those prepared by Prof. John W. Draper, entitled '* The Civil 'War in America," 
< but were never given as bound volumes to the public. 

In recognition of labor undergone in presenting the History of the Third Co^pa, 
the " Third Corps Union " voted to Geuend de Peyster a most exquisite badge set 
with jecrels — a ruby representing the First, a diamond the Second, and a sap- 
phire the Third Division-rto cost $500. 

• DE Peystbu, John Watts. Winter Campaigns the Test of Generalship. 
New York : Charles G. Stone, printer, 1862. 
12mo, pp. 24. Edition, 1,000 copies. 

DE Peyster, John Watts. Biographies of the Watts, de Peyster, Eeade, 
and Leake families iu connection with Trinity Churchyard. 1862. 

DE Peyster, John Watts. The Decisive Conflicts of the late Civil War, 
or Slaveholders' Rebellion. Battles Morally, TerritoMally, and Milita- 
rily Decisive. No. 1. The Maryland Campaign of September, 1862. 
Tbo Battles of the South Mountain and of the Autietam, Sunday, Sep- 
tember 14th, to Wednesday, September 17th, 1802. New York : Mac- • 
donald & Co., 1867. 
8vo. pp. 76. 

No. 11. "Rosecians and the Army of the Cumberland." The nucleus of this 
appeared in the Army and Navy Journal, 1864. " ChanccUorsvtlle," ft'oni papers 
farnishe<l by General Hooker, appeared, in a pamphlet, 8vo, pp. — , New York, 1866, 
which was suppressed at the request uf General Hooker after a few copies wero 


i>s Peystrb^ Joh n Watts. Genealogical Reforeuces of Old Colonial Fami- 
lies, etc. 

Valentine' » Manual. "Stur York, 1883. 

DE Pkyster, John Watts. Tlie I^ecisi ve Conflicts of the Great Civil War, 
or Slaveholders' Rebollioo. Battles Morally, Territorially, and Milita- 
rily Decisive. No. H. The Pennsylvania-Maryland Campaign of June- 
July, 1863. Tlie Battles of Oak (or Seminary) Ridge and Gettysburg, 
and before, at, and after Gettysburg, andatWilliamsport, June2dthto 
July 14th, 1863. New York : Macdouald & Co., 1867. 

8vo, pp. 163. 

i>K Peystek, John Watts. Practical Strategy, as Illustrated by the Life 
aud Achievements of a Master of the Art, the Austrian Field-Marshal 
Trauti. Catskill, N. Y. : Joseph Jonesbury, 1863. 
8vo, pp. 64. 

TblM little work was received with so much approbation that General Hon. Sir 
Edward Cu8t, British Army, author of the '*AnnaIsof the Wars, 1700-1815, " 9vol«., 
aud the * • Lives of tho AVaiTiors, " in the preceding century, 6 vols.,^^eftico» vol. 1 of 
the series, 14)4^1704, with a letter dedicatory of 37 pages to General de Peyster, in 
which ho acknowledges, among other laudatory passages, '* the tmly valuable hinta 
and suggestions that you havo favored mo with in your several communicationa 
render me largely your debtor, and 1 am desirous of marking my deep obligations 
to yon by requesting permission to dedicate my concluding volume to 3*uu and. to 
your military brotbrcu. Wo appoar to be men of much the same mind and of com* 
mon B^'iiipathies, desirous alike of employing our common language for a commou 
otyect— that of enli^btoiiiDg our comrades of a common profession with the neces- 
sity of applying; the precepts of military history to the useful comprehension of 
their cflliing, both of us a^rreeing (liat the best instruction for all officers is to be 
acquired from tho deeds of the old maaters in the art of war." 

DK Prystkr, John Watts. Secession in Switzerland and the United States 
compared ; being tiie Annual Address, delivered 20th October, 1663, 
before the Vermont State lliNtorical Society, in the Uall of Represent- 
atives Capitol, Montpelier, 18G4. Catslcill: Joseph Jonesbury, Printer, 

8vo, pp. 72. 

DE Peyster, John Watts. Sketch of Gen. George H. Thomas. Reprinted 
from ** Representative Men." Atlantic Publishing Company, N. Y. 
Royal 8vo. . 

Three editions. This sketch was founded in part apon couvt-rsations with Gen* 
eral George U. Thomas. Originally contained certain of his views and criticisms, 
which were suppressed at the request of Mrs. Tiiomas. 

DK Pkyster, John WA;rTS. Organization of the Militia. 

Ko3'al Sto, pp. 12, and published as a supplement to vol. ix of the Jlitdorical 

DK PEY8TKK, JoHN Watts. Duke Christian of Brunswick aud Elizabeth 
Stuart, Princess Royal of England, Electress-Palatine, Queen of 
Bohemia. New York, 1866. 
6vo, pp. 91. 

Limited edition, 50 copies. Printed for the author, with biographical sketch of 
tho author, 186?. 

DE Peyster, John Watts. Address delivered at Madalin, N. Y., on the 
^ occasion of the Inauguration oi a Monument to tho Defenders who lost 
theit IKres in suppre&sing the Slaveholders' Rebellion. New York, 

8vo, pp. 122. 


DE Peyster, John Watts. A Hero of the XVII. Century (Torstenson). 
The Volunteer, Weekly Magiuine, vol. 1, No. 1. New York, 1869. 

DE Peyster, John Watts. Personal and Military History of Philip 
Kearny, Major-General United States Volunteers, New York : Rice 
«& Gage. Newark, N. J. : Bliss & Co., 1869. 

8vo, pp. 612. Edition, 1,500 copies. Portraits anfl illustrations. 
Besides this first edition proper there was an omission of about 100 copies contain' 
ing a supplement of what the French styled Justifying Statements, printed espe- 
cially for the author, issued at the same date. 

Second edition profusely Illustrated. Publishers : Palmer & Co., Elizabeth, N. J., 
and James Miller, New York, 1870. 

DE Peysteb, John Watts. Battles of Gettysburg, Fredericksburg, aad 

In Onward, a magazine, New York. 

Gettysbnrg, vol. i, May, 1869; June, 1869. Vol. n, July, 1869. Frederioksbnrg, 
vol. II, Sei)tember, 1869. GhancelloTsriile, vol. il, Octuber, 1669; November, 1869; 
Dooember, 1869. Vol. ni, January, 1870; February, 1870; February supplement, 

DE Peyster, John Watts. Military (1776-1779) Transactions of Major, 
afterwards Colonel, Eighth or King's Foot, 6. A. Arent Schuyler de 
Peyster, and Narrative of the Maritime Discoveries of bis Namesake and 
Nephew Capt. Arent Schuyler de Peyster. New York, 1870. 

DE Peyster, John Watts. La Royale Parts I, II, III, IV, V, and VI. 
The Grand Hunt of the Army of the Potomac on the 3d-7th (a. ra.) April, 
Petersburg to High Bridge; Maj. Gen. Andrew Atkinson Humphreys 
and the Combined Second-Third Corps Leading the Pursuit from Jeters- 
ville to High Bridge. New York, 1872. 
Sm. 4to, pp. 70. 

First edition, 100 copies, printed as manndcript for private circulation, willi por- 
trait and maps. 

DE Peyster, J^hn Watts. Eulogy of Torstenson. Translated from the 
Swedish of H. R. M. Gustavus III. New York, 1872. 
Large 4to, pp. 36. 

This composition was a subject for competition before the Eoyal Swedish Acad^ 
emy. The king was an anonymous aspirant and received therefor the prize medal. 

DE Peyster, John Watts. Frederic the Groat . (Series.) 

New York Weekly Mail, 1873. 

DE Peyster, John Watts. The Career of the Celebrated Condottieri Pra 

New Tork Weekly MaU, 1873. 

DE Peyster, John Watts. Thirty Years' War and Military Services af 
Ffeld Marshal Generalissimo Leonard Torstenson. 

Neiv Tork Weekly Mail, 1873. 

DK Peyster, John Watts. Major and Brev. Col. J. Watte de Peyster, 
Jr., U. S. v., 1874. New York : A. Threnody, 1874. 
Royal 8s'o. 

DE Peyster, John Watts. La Royale, Part VII. Cumberland Church, or 
the Heights of Farmville. The Last Stricken Field of the Army of 
Northern Virginia, 7th April, 1865. New York, 1874. 
Sm. 4to, pp. 153. Portrait and maps or plans. 

Two hundred copies (1st edition) printed as manuscript for private circulation, 
but not revised nor corrected. 
Second edition revised and corrected. 100 copies. 1874. 


BE Pbyster, John Watts. Tho Anniversary Address Delivered before the 
, Third Army Corps Union, 5th May, 1875. The GloriouB Old Fighting 
Third Corps as We Understand it. Now York: Atlantic Publishing 
and Engraving Company, 1875. 
4to, pp. 36. Portraits. 

BK Pkyster, John Watts. Major-General George H. Thomas. The An- 
nual Address^ Delivered Before the New York HiHtorical Society Tuesday 
Evening, January 5, 1875. New York : Atlantic Publishing Company, 


4to, pp. 24. 

BE Pbysteb, John Watts. La Royale, Part VIII. The Last Twenty-Four 
Ilours of tho Army of Northern Virginia. New York : Julius R. Huth, 
Printer, 1872. 

Boyal 8vo, pp. 48. 

100 copies printed as mAntiBcript for private circnlation. 

This Part VIII was gone over by Mtyor-General Humphrey a, and with Ids few 
corrections printed in a volnme entitled : 

La Royale (Part VITI, Amendetl Edition). The Laat Twenty-Four Hoars of the 
Army of Northern Virginia, with Memoranda Relating to Farmville, Fording and 
Bridging. New York : Charles H. Ludwig. 
8ro, pp. 179. Edition 500 copies. 

DB Peyster, John Watts. Nashville. The Decisive Battle of the Ke- 
bellioD. Address delivered before the Annual Meeting of the N. Y. 
Historical Society on Tuesday Evening, 4th January, 1876. 

8vo, pp. 14. 

DB Pkyster, John Watts. Major General Philip Schuyler and the Bur- 
goyne Campaign in the Summer of 1777. The Annual Address de- 
livered Tuesday evening, 2d January, 1877, before the New York His- 
torical Society. New York : Holt Brothers, 1677. 
8vo, pp. 26. 

DB Peyster, John Watts. Oriskany, 6th August, 1777. The Decisive 
Cellision of the American Revolution. New York and Chicago : A. S. 
Barnes & Co.. 1878. 

4to, pp 8. 

Reprint from Magaxine of American History, 

One among those few battles of which a contrary event would have essentially 
varied (he drsma of the world in all its subsequent scenes. Among Creasy*s XV 
Decisive Battles from Marathon to Wati^rloo, Saratoga rsnks aa XIII. Saratoga, 
however, was a Series of Collisions ; but the tide actually tamed at Oriskany, in 
favor of tlie Colonies and Fn^edoni. 

DB Peystkr, John Watts. The engagement at Freehold, known as the 
Battle of Monmouth, N. J., more properly of Monmouth Court-House, 
26th June, 1778. New York : A. S. Barnes & Co., 1878. 
Royal 8\^o, pp. 7. 
Reprinted from the Magazine of American History, July 1878. 

i>B Peyster, John Watts. Monmouth papers. 
Monmouth Democrat, Freehold, New Jersey, 1878. 

i>B Pkyster, John Watts. Operations in Khode Island. Siege of Newport, 
from '^ die Deutschen HUlfstruppen im nordamerikanischen Befreiungs- 
kriege, 1776 his 1783," hy Max von Eel king, Hanover, 1863. Volume u, 
pages 30-44, compiled from the journals of Captain Friedrich Y. D. Mais- 
burg Jlegiment V. Ditfurth— February, 1776, to X6th November, 1780^ 


and other German officers, eye-witnesses and participants in tlie affairs 
described. Translated by J. Watts de Peyster, Brigadier (Brevet Ma- 
jor) General, State of New York. Providence, B. I. : Sidney 8. Rider, 


4to, pp. 29. 

DE Pkyster, John Watts. The Battles of Monmouth and Capture of 
Stony Point. 

A series of articles in the MoninmUh Enquirer, Ifev Jersey, 1879. 
DK Peystkr, John Watts. The Leipsic of Gustavns. Part i. 

The Field GUuit, April, 1879. 

DK Peyster, Joim Watts. The Leipsic of Gustavus. Part ii. 

The Field Olass, May. 1879. 

DB Peyster, John Watts. The Affair at King's Mountain, 7th October, 
1780. New York and Chicago : A. S. Barnes & Co., 1880. 

4to, pp. 43. 

Reprinted from the M<igazine of American ffietory. 

DE Peyster, John Watts. Sir John Johnson, The First Amerhsan Bom 
Baronet. An address delivered before the New York Historical Society 
at its annual meeting, Tuesday , January 6, 1880, by Maj. Gen. J. Watts 
de Peyster, M. A., LL.D., F. R. H. S., a member of the Society. New 
York : Evening Mail Press Koom, 1880. 
8vo, pp. 12. 

DE Peyster, John Watts. Proofs Considered in Connection with the Vin- 
dication of Sir John Johnson Bart. Being an Address Delivered before 
the New York Historical Society, at its Annual Meeting, 6th January, 
1880. Appendix I. New York : Evening Mail Press Room, 1880. 
8vo, pp. 12. 

DE Peyster, John Watts. Proofs Considered in Connection with the Vin- 
dication of Sir John Johnson Bart. Being a Second Appendix to an 
Address Delivered before the New. York Historical Society, at its An- 
nual Meeting, Tuesday, 6th January, 1880. New York: Evening Mail 
Press Room, 1880. 
8yo, pp. 24. 

Tbia contains the only trustworthy particulars of the Battle of Oriskany and a 
reprint from the proceedini;;s of the Now Jersey Historical Society, Vol. II, 1846- 
1847, pages 115-122, 127, 128, being a diary. 

DK Peyster, John Watts. War Memoranda of Brig. General H. Edwin 
Tremain, Major aud A. D. C, Brev. Brig. Gen. U. S. V., 1865. New 
York : C. G. Bnrgoyne, 1880. 

Edjted with notes and chapters on FarmviUe, Fording, etc. General H. Edwin 
Tremain, Pres. Third Army Corps Union, reprinted by permission, from Sketches 
of Officers of the Third Army Corps Union. 

8vo, pp. 8. 

DE Peyster, John Watts. Local Memorials Relating to the de Peyster and 
Watts and Aililiated Families Connected with Red Hook Township, 
Dutchess County, State of New York. New York: Charles H. Lndwig, 

8to, pp. 80. 

Edition. 500 oopies. 


DS Pbtster, John Watts. Tlie Battle or Affair of King's Mountain, Sat- 
urday, 7 th October, 1780. Being the Address Delivered at the Annual 
Meeting of the New York Historical Society , on the Evening of Tues- 
day, 4th January, Iri&l. New York, 1881. 

8vo, pp. 8. 

DK Peystkr, John Watts. Obituary Notices of Major Generals Ueintzel- 
man and Hooker, and Morlnary Notices of Major General Joseph B. 
Kiddo and Brigadier General William B. Tibbitts, Members of the 
Third Army Corps Union. New York: Chas. H. Ludwig, 1881, for 
Third Army Corps Union. 

12ino, pp. 40. 

DB Peyster, John Watts. Obituary Notices of Major Generals Samuel 
P. Heiutzelman and Josepli Hooker. New York : Chas. H. Ludwig, 

12nio, pp. 40. 

DB Peystbr, John Watts. In Meraorinm Frederic de Peyster, LL. D., 
** Vir Auct^ritatns," President of the New York Historical Society, of 
the New York Society Library, of the St. Nicholas Club, and, at an 
earlier date, of the St. Nichohui Society, etc. ; Honorary Fellow of the 
Royal Historical Society, of Great Britain; Honorary Member of the 
Mas8achnsett>s, Maryland, Pennsylvania, Wisconsin, Florida, Buffalo, 
and Chicago Historical Societies, of the Mercantile Library Asso- 
ciation of New York; Corresponding Member of the New England 
Historic Genealogical Society, etc. Born Hanover Square, New York 
City, 11th November. 1796 ; died Rose Hill, Red Hook, Dutchess County, 
New York, 17th August, 18d2. New York: Charles H. Ludwig, 1882. 
8vo, pp. 52. 

DX Peyster, John Watts. The Life and Misfortunes and the Military 
Career of Brig. Gen.Sir John Johnson, Bart. Chas. H. Ludwig, 1882. 

4to, pp. 168. 

This work has been extcneivcly reviewtul. 

"Tho Orderly Book of Sir Jobii Johnson's Oriskany Campaign," copiously anno- 
tated by Mr. William L. Stono, an experienced writer on the period and location of 
the occnrrence, bos been published for him by Munaell, of Albany. It is accom- 
panied by an historical introduction by the grand-nephowr of ite subject, General 
J. W, do Peyster, often a contributor to lI»o United Service, written with his usaal 
aggressive ability, evidence of research, and iniliflVrcnce for conflicting opinion, 
from a strong partisan stand-point. United Service. Vol. vui, February, 1883, pp. 223. 

DB Pbtstek, John Watts. Mary Queen of Scots, a Study. New York : 
Charles H. Ludwig, 1882. 
8to, pp. 144. 

Edition, 500 copies. ^ 

This series of Mary Stuart publications were reviewed most favorably and at 
length' in The Sun, in the United Service, and in other journals and newspapers at 
home and abroad. 

DB Pbystkr, John Watts. A Vindication of James Hepburn, Fourth 
Earl of Bothwell, Third Husband of Mary Queen of Scots. Now York : 
L. R. Hamersly & Co., 1882. 
8vo, pp.60, plates. 

DK PKY6TER, JoHN Watts. Address delivered before the Historical So- 
ciety of New Brunswick, in the city of St. John, Dominion of Canada, 
4th July, 1883. New York : Charles H. Ludwig, 1883. 
8to, pp. 40. 


DB Petstbr, John Watts. An loqairy into the Career and Charaoter of 
Mary Stoart ("Cruix Criticorum") {''The Pazzle of CriticB"), and a 
Justification of Both well ("Audire est Operte Pretium") (''What is 
Herein Disclosed is Worthy of Attention'')* New York: Charles H. 
Ludwig, ld83. 

8vo, pp. 2<M). 
SditiOD. 500. 

DE Peyster, John Watts, The Bnrgoyne Campaign of July-October, 
1777. Reprinted from the Untied Service October, 1883. Philadelphia : 
L. R. Hamersly & Co., 1883. 

8vo, pp. 17. , 

DE Peyster, John Watts. Philip Kearny, Major General U. S. V. By hia 
Cousin, John Watts de Peyster, Brev. Miy. Gen., New York [being a 
biographical hitrodnction to "Service with the French in Africa, by 
an officer, Lieut. P. Kearny, jr., First Dragoons, iu the United States 
Army"]. Privately printed. New York, 1684. 
Syo. pp. 19. 

DE Peyster, John Watts. Bothwell: (James Hepburn, Fourth Earl of 
Bothwell, Third Husband of Mary, Queen of Scot«.^ An Historical 
Drama. Charles H. Ludwig, 1884. 
8vo, pp. 144. 

Illasirated with rare portraits, ooatamea, news, etc., from antbontio oriicinals. 
This work has been very favorably reviewed in Scotch, EngliBh, and American 
papers. The great French critic, " Le Livre,'* No. 56, 10th Au^nst, 1884, remarks : 
*' le General de Peyster * * * has made Bothwell, whose name recalls Mary 
Stuart, the hero of a grand draraa admirable to read, impossible to act." Other 
critics consider that it would act with splendid effect were it not impossible to get 
together a snfHcient number of professionals to fill the parts adequately. 

DB Peyster, John Watts. Torsteuson, •* A Hero of the XVII Century." 
Torsteuson before Vienna: or the Swedes in Austria in 1645-1646, with 
a Biographical Sketch of Field Marshal Generalissimo Iiconard Tors- 
teuson. New York: Charles H. Ludwie, 1885. 
8vo, pp. 68, plates. 
Edition, 500 copies. 

DE Petster, John Watts. Address at the Annual Meeting of the Third 
Army Corps, and the Twenty-first Anniversary Banquet of the Third 
Army Corps Union, held at Sieghortner's, No. 32 Lafayette Place, New 
York City, on Mouday, May 5th, 1885. 
8vo, pp. 8. 

DE Peyster, John Watts. Gypsies. Information translated and gath- 
ered from various sources. New York : Charles H. Eudwig, 1885. 
8ro, pp. 32. 
Edition, 500 copies. 

DE Peyster, John Watts. The Massacres of St. Bartholomew outside of 
Paris, 34th August, 5th September, 1^72. New York : Charles H. Lud- 
wig, 1885. 
8vo, pp. 8. 
Edition. 500 copies. 

DE Peyster, John Watts. Editor. Sailor's Creek to Appomattox Court- 
House ; or the Last Hours of Sheridan's Cavalry. By H. Edwin Tre- 


niftin. Edited and arranged with notes by General de Peyster. New 
York : Charles H. Lndwig, printer, 1885. 

12ino pp. 66. 

This i^ second part or conclosioii of pabiication on same snbjeot, entitled : " The 
Closing Davs about Richmond; or the Last Days of Sheridan's Cayalry/* by H. 
Bdwin Tremsin, M^forand A. D. C. Brevet Brigadier^General, XT. S. V. New 
York: Waldron St Payne, 37 Park Bow, n. d. Original manascript in nmgh ar- 
ranged and edited by C^neral de Peyster, to whom it is dedicated. 
DE Peystkr, John Watts. Brief de Peyster and Watts Genealogical 
Reference, with partial list of authorities. New York: Charles H. 
Ludwig, 1886. 
8vo, pp. 8. 

DE Peyster, John Watts. Andrew Atkinson Hnmphreys, of Pennsyl- 
vania, Brigadier-General and Brevet M%|or-General U. S. A., Major- 
General U. 8. v., Chief of Staff and Commander of the combined 
Second-Third Corps, Army of the Potomac, Chief of Engineers U. S. A. 
Lancaster, Pa. : Lancaster Intelligencer print, 1886. 
8vo, pp. 21, plates. 

DE Peyster, John Watts. Francesca da Bimini (a literal translation of 
a famous episode in Dante's Inferno), with notes. New York : Charles 
H. Ludwig, 1886. 
8to, pp. 8. 
Edition, 600 copies. 
DE Peyster, John Watts. Anthony Wayne. [Prominent Men of the 
Revolutionary Period. ] From the Magazine of American Hisloryf Feb- 
' rnary, 1886, with authenticated portrait. New York: Martha J. 
Lamb, 1886. 
4to, pp. 17. 

DE Peyster, John Watts. Anthony Wayne, Third Gtmeral-in-Chief of 
the United States Army. 
Svo, pp. 84, plates. 
Reprinted from the United Serviee Magazine^ March, 1886. 

DE Peyster, John Watts. Major-General Anthony Wayne, Third Gen- 
eral-in-Chief of the United States Army, since the adoption of the Con* 
stitntion. Lancaster, Pa., October, 1886. Steinman & Hunt. 

8ro^ pp. 8. 

Reprinted ttom the OoOeffe Student, Franklin and Marshal College. 

DE Peyster, John Watts. Obituary Notice of Major-General Winfield 
Scott Hancock, U. S. A. 1886. 

DE Peyster, John Watts. Buddha or Gotama, or Sakia-Mouni ; Bud- 
dhism and Romanism compared. Lancaster, Pa. : Steinman ds. Hensel, 

8^0, pp. 4. 

Reprinted from the (MUge Student, March, 1887. 

DE Peyster, John Watts. Michael Angelo's Statue of <*Tlie Thinker" 
8vo, pp. 8. 

Reprinted {torn the OoUege Student^ Franklin and Marshal College, Lancaster, 
Pa., 1887. 

DE Peyster, John Watts. Michael Angelo and the Tombs of the Medicis. 

8?o, pp. 7. 

Reprinted f!rom the CfoOege Student^ Franklin and Marshal College, Laneaster, 

Pa.. 1887. 

S. Mis. 170 16 


PS Peystrr, John Watts. Before, At, and After Gettysburg. 1. Cee on 
the Susqaehanna, in Jane-Jaly, 1863, with noted. 2. The FamonB 
Bridging of the Lech by Gastavns Adolphns, in 1632, from the narra- 
tive of an eye witness, an English Colonel in the Swedish Service. 3. 
Bridgiiip:Illa8trated. 4. Hooker's Effect on Gettysburg. 5. Sickles at 
Gettysburg. 0. Hood (Rebel) at Gettysburg. 7. After Gettysburg, 
and at Williamsport and Falling Waters in July, 1863. 8. Remarks on 
the Beneficial Union of the Theoretical and Practical. New York : 
Charles H. Ludwig, 1887. 

8vo, pp. 56. 
Edition, 500 copies. 

DE Peystek, John Watts. The Last Ten Days* Service of the Old Third 
Corps (*'as we understand it") with the Army of the Potomac. New 
York, 5th May, 1887. Address Delivered after the Anniversary Dinner 
of the Third Corps Union, 5th Ma^^, 1887, at the Hotel Windsor, New 
York, 1887. 
8vo, pp. 16. 

DE Peyster, John Watts. Prussia : its Position and Destiny (due to 
Frederic II., the Great, the Sanspariel), by N. H. Loring. Ist March, 
1834. With ''Introduction and Biographical Sketch of Frederic the 
Great; Military Lessons Presented by his Career; A Comparison of 
Frederic's Victories with those of Napoleon ; The Real Napoleon, not 
the Mythical, Revealed," etc. New York : A. E. Chasmar & Co., 1887. 

8vo, pp. 32. 
Editioo, 500 copies. 

DE Peyster, John Watts. The Peace of Westphalia. Supplement to 
article " Religions Aspects of the Thirty Years* War." 

8vo, pp. 4. 

Repfint4Ml from the CoUege Student, Lancaster, Pa., Kovembar, 1888. 

DE Peyster, John Watts. Religious Aspects of the Thirty Years' War, 
8vo, pp. 26. 

Reprinted from the OolUffe Student for Febraary and March, 1888. Franklin and 
Marshal College, Lancaster, Pa., 1888. 

DE Peyster, John Watts. Miscellanies [reprint with notes] hy an 
Officer (Colonel Arent Schuyler de Peyster, B. A.), 1774-1813. Part I. 
With an Appendix, Explanatory Notes, etc. Original Letters of 
Colonel de Peyster; Brig.-Gen. Sir John Johnson; Bart.; Col. Guy 
Johnson, and others, from 1776 to 1813. Never before published. Also 
Discovery of de Peyster's Islands in the Pacific Ocean. New York : 

A. £. Chasmar, 1888. 
8vo, pp. 80. 
Edition, 500 copies. 

DE PEY8TER, JoHN Watts. Miscellauics. Part II. Biographical Sketches 
and Historical Memoirs, especially Public and Military, of the de Pey- 
ster, Watts, and affiliated families, since their settlement in the present 
United States. New York: C. H. Ludwig, 1888. 

8vo. pp. 208. 
Edition, 500 copies. 

DE Peyster, John Watts. Was the Shakespeare after all a Myth f New 
York: A. E. Chasmar & Co., 1888, 
8vo, pp. 32. 
Edition, 500 copies. 


DE PsTSTER, JOHN Watts. Miraoles of the Passage of tbe Red Sea and of 
the San and Moon Standing StiU. 

The Epiieopdl Recorder, Phfladelphift, October 17, 1889. 

DB Pbtster, John Watts. Wallenstein : the most Extraordinary Indi- 
vidnal of the XVII. Centory, whose Rise and Fall were the Taming 
Points of the Thirty Years' War. 1889. 

8vo, pp. 6. 

Reprinted fn^m the CoUege Student, Franklin and Manhall College, Lancas- 
ter. Pa. 
DE Peyster, John Watts. Notes, Vouchers, and Authorities. Operations 
between Nuremberg, 8th September, and Ltitzen, 6th November, 1632. 
Wallenstein's Generalship compared with that of Gnstaf Adolph (being 
a Supplement to the preceding). New York : A. £. Chasmar & Co., 

8ro, pp. 24. 

Also, a series of militsry lessons in itrstef^ snd tactics, and hiofcrapbioal 
skeccbes and reviews, in The Leader (N. Y.) in 1861, 1862. and 1883; also bio- 
graphical sketches, criticisms, and reviews In tbe New York Citizen and Mound 
Table ; and in the Volunteer and Soldier^e Friend; also nnmeroas military easays, 
criticiums, and biofcraphioal sketches in, the Army and Navy Journal, 1863, 1864, 
and 1865, especially a series of articles on New American Tactics, which were trans- 
lated and copied into foreign military jonmals, among these J. Correard's Journal 
dee Seieneee MUitairee dee Armee de Terre ei de Mer, Paris, 1865 and 1866. 

Articles pablished in United Service Magazine : Toratenson and tbe Battle of 
Janikan, Joly, 1879; Joshua and the Battle of Beth-horon— Did tbe Sail and 
Moon stand still T February, 1880 ; Hannibal, July. 1880 ; Gustavus Adolphns. 
September, 1880; Cavalry, I, September, 18f0; Cavalry, II, November, 1880; Cav. 
airy, III, December, 1880 ; Army Catastrophes— Destruction of Pharaoh and his 
host ; how accompliflhod, etc. February, 1631 .—Hannibal's Army of Italy, March, 
1881; HannibaVs Last Campaign, May, 1881; Infantry, I, June, 1881; Infantry, 
II, August, 1881 ; Battle of Entaw Springs, 1781, September, 1881 ; Siege of York- 
town, 1781, November, 1881 ; Infantry, III. April, 1882 ; Waterloo, July, 1882 ; Vin- 
dication of James Hepburn, Earl of Both well, September, 1882, October, 1882; 
From the Rapidau to Appomattox Court House, Jaly, 1883.— Bnrgoyne's Cum- 
paign, July-October, 1777, and Appendix, Octol)er, 1883.— Life and Achievementii 
of Field- Marshal GreneralisaimoSuworrow, November-December, 1883.— Biograph- 
ical Sketch of Mi\j.-Gen. Andrew Atkinson Humphreys, U. S. A., March, 1884. — 
Address, Mfg. -Gen. A. A. Humphreys, before the Third Array Corps, Union, 5th 
May, 1884.' Character and Services of M%{.-Gen. A. A. Humphreys, XJ. S. A., 
Manhattan, N. Y., Monthly- Magazine, August, 1884.— The Condottieri of the 
Thirteenth and Fourteenth Centuries, October, 1884 ; Tbe Thirty Tears* War, 
November and December, 1884, and February and May, 1885; Army Administra- 
tive Service, January, 1885; Biographical Sketch, Bear- Admiral George Henry 
Preble, April. 1885; M%j.-Gen. Gershom Mott, U. S. V., and the Third Corps, 
Army of the Potomac, August. 1885; Anthony Wayne, Third General-in-Chief of 
^ the United States Army (with portrait), March, 1886. 

Centennial Sketches of the American Be volution, 1776-*82, in tbe Neio York 
Timee, and in the New York Evening Mail and Mail and Expreee, 1876-'82. " The 
, Barents Relics " inNovaZembla, Neto York Evening Matt. " War between Holland 
and Belgium" (series), Poughkeepeie Eagle. Predictions (fullfllled) of the Prusso- 
Austrian (1866) and Prusso-French War, 1870, New York Daily Timee and New 
York Evening MaU. 

DURAND, John. New Materials for the History of the American Revolu- 
tion. Translated from docaments in the French archives, and edited 
by John Durand. New York : Henry Holt & Company, 1689. 

Beviewed in the New York Sun, May 19, 1889; New York Timee ,- The Courier- 
Journal, Louisville, Ky.. etc. 


DURRBTT, Reubbn T. Ancient Lonisville. A sketch of the origin, first 
settlement and early development of LoaisviilCi from the landing on 
Corn Island, in 1778, to the adoption of the first charter, in 1828. 
(hurier-JourjuU, AnjpiBt 2, 1883. 

D(TR|tETT, Bbubbn T. History of Expositions in Lonisville, from the first 
in 1853 to the present, 1883, by Renben T. Durrett. 
Oouner-Joumal^ Aa^st 3, 1883. 

DuRRBTT, Reuben T. The First Christmas in Louisville. History of a 
Dinner Party and Dance at the Falls of the Ohio One Hundred Tears 
Ago, by Renben T. Dnrrett. 

Southern Biv&utui, Vol. n, No. 5, Januarj, 1884, pp. 217-223. 

Durrett, Rbubbn T. Impressments in 1786 in Kentncky, by Reuben T. 

Southern BivouM^ Yol. n, No. 6, ,Febniary, 1884, pp. 257-264. 

Durrett, Reuben T. The First Duel in Kentncky, by Renben T. Durrett. 
Southern Bivouac, Vol. n, No. 7, March, 1884, pp. -306-310. 

Durrett, Reuben T. John Filson, the First Historian of Kentncky. An 
account of his life an^ writings, principally from original sources, pro- 
pared for the Filson Club and read at its meeting in Louisville* Ky., 
June 26, 1884, by Reuben T. Durrett, president of the club. Louisville, 
Ky. : Printed for the Filspn Club by John P. Morton &, Co., 1884. 

4to, 132 pp., likeness of Filson, fac-slmile of his writing, and photolithographic 
reproduction of his map of Kentucky in 1784. 
Filson Club Publieationi, No. 1. 

Durrett, Reuben T. The Kentucky Resolutions of 1798 and 1799, by Reu- 
ben T. Dnrrett. 

Southern B%vouae,Yo\. I, "Sw. 10, 11, and 12, March, 1886; April, 1886, and May, 
1886. Illnstrated. 

Durrett, Reuben T. An Historical Sketch of St. Paul's Church, Louis- 
ville, Ky., prepared for the Semi^Centennial Celebration, October 6, 
1889, by Reuben T. Durrett, President of the Filson Club. Published 
under the auspices of the Filson Club. Louisville: John P.' Morton 
& Co., 1889. 

4to, pp. LV75, four illustrations. 

FiUon Club PubUcatitme, Ko. 5. 

Durrett, Reuben T. Historic Sketch of the Falls of the Ohio, as they 
appeared one hundred years ago, by Reuben T. Durrett. 
Courier-Journal. December 12. 1880. 

Durrett, Reuben T. History of Steamboats upon the Western Waters, 
from the Launching of the Orl-eatu in 1811 to the Present Time, by Reu- 
ben T. Dnrrett. 

Courier-Journal, December 19, 1880. 

Durrett, Reuben T. Public Schools : History of Public Education in Ken- 
tncky, and especially in Louisville, by Reuben T. Durrett. 
Courier-JourruU, January 2, 0, 16, 23, and 30, 1881. 

Durrett, Reuben T. Bear Hunting in Pioneer Days : An example within 
the limits of Louisville 100 years ago, by Reuben T. Durrett. 
Courier-Joumdl, february 6, 1881. 

Durrett, Reuben T. An Historical Sketch of the Battle of thov Blue 
Licks, prepared for the Louisville Commercial by Reuben T. Dnrrett. 
IfOuieviUe Oommereial, August 19, 1882. 


DURRBTT, Rbubbn T. The Old Landmarks : The history of the old river 
front property in Louisville, with the names of those identified w|th 
the locality, by Reuben T. Durrett. 
Oourisr-Jowmal, June 24, 1883. 

DuRRSTT, Reuben T. The Temple of Justice : History of the court-houses 
of Jefferson Coun^, Ky., from 1783 to the present, by Reuben T. Dur- 

Oourier'Joumal, June 17, 1883. 

Durrett, Rbubbn T. The Warrior's Path : An historic sketch of the early 
railroadH of Kentucky, by Reuben T. Durrett. 
(hurier' Journal^ July 15, 1883. 

Durrett, Rbubbn T. The History of Blue Grass, by Reuben T. Durrett. 
Courier-Journal, Janaary 18, 1879. 

Durrett, Reuben T. The History and Historians of Kentucky, by Reu- 
ben T. Durrett. 

SouVkem Quarterly Review, Vol. I, No. 1, January, 1879, pp. 7S-02. 

Durrett, Reuben T. Address at the Centennial Celebration of Lonisyille, 
May 1, 1890, by Reuben T. Durrett. 

Oourier-JounuU and Oommereialj May 2, 1880. 

Durrett, Reuben T. The History of Public Libraries in Kentucky, and 
especially in Louisville, by Reuben T. Durrett. 
Courier Journal, Noyember 12, 1880. 

Durrett, Reuben T. History of (lowers and their Cultivation in Louis- 
ville since the- First Settlement at the Falls of the Ohio in 1778, by 
Reuben T. Durrett. 

Courier-Journal, Novembor 20, 1880. 

Durrett, Reuben T. The Winter of 1880-'8l, with a Sketch of the 
Weather for the Last Hundred Years, by Reuben T. Durrett. 
Courier-JourTMl, November 26, 1880. 

Durrett, Reuben T. Sketch of the first fight in Louisville, illustrating 

the custom of iiersonal combats one hundred years ago. By Reuben T. 


Courier-Journal, December 5, 1880. ' 

EoGLESTON, Edward. A History of Life in the United States. By Edward 
. Eggleston. [Papers in various numbers of the Oenturtf MagazinCf 1882- 
1888. Series not completed. Each paper with separate title, as below. ] 
Tbe Beginnine of a Nation. Century Magazine, November, 1882. — The Planting 
of New England. Janaary, 1883. — Mijprations of the American Colonists. March, 
1883.— The Aborigines and Colonists. * I&ay, 1883. —Indian War in the Colonies. Sep- 
tember, 1883.— Husbandry in Colony Times. January, 1884.— Commerce in the Colo- 
nies. Jane, 1884. — Social Conditions in the Colonies. October, 1884. — The Colonists 
at Home. April, 1885.— Social Life in the Colonies. July, 1885.— Church and Meet- 
ing House Before the Kevolution. April, 1887. — ThoChurohof England in America. 
' May. 1888. 

These papers founded on original authorities printed and manuscript exam ined in 
this country and Europe. Illustrated with engravings from historical objects and 
old piints. 

Egqleston, Edwaro. a History of the United States and its People. 
For the Use of Schools. By Edward Eggleston. New York : D. Apple- 
ton and Company, 1888, 

8vo, pp. 18, 398. 

Illustrated with 300 cuts, under the direction of the author. 

Editions of 80,000 in the first ye^r. 


Egolxbtox, Edward. The Household History of the United States and 
its People, for Young Americans. By Edward Eggleston. New York : 
D. Appleton & Co., 1888. 
8yo, pp. XVI, MS. 

GontainB all the ma|M and illuAtrationa df the sobool edition and about 50 
more. About 300 pictorial llaatrationa, and 75 maps. 

EoGLESTON, Edwabd. A First Book in Americail History with special 
reference to the Lives and Deeds of Great Americans. By Edward 
Eggleston. New York : D. Appleton & Co., 1889 

Square 12mo, pp. viii, 203. 

Biographical in form. Ulustratad nndar tiie^ author's supervision. 

EixiOTF, Charles B., Ph. D. The United States and Northeastern Fisher- 
ies. A History of the Fishery Question. Published by University of 
Minnesota, Minneapolis, Minn., 1887. 
152 pages and map. 

ElxjotT; Charlks B. The Behring Sea Question. 
AilanHa Monthly, February, 1890. 

Elliott, Charles B. The Power to peclare Statutes Unconstitutional. 
PoUOeal Science QuarUrty, June, 1880. 

Elliott, Charles B. The Highest Power of the Judiciary. 
The Advocate, Vol. i. 

Elliott, Charles B. The Law of Tender. 

National Law Review, VoL I, p. 505. 

Elliott, Charles B. The Law of Escrow. 

Central Law Journal, Vol. XV, p. 162. 

Eluott, CHARLES B. Graveyard Law. 
Central Law Journal, Vol. xvi, p. 161. 

Elliott, Charles B. Senile Dementia. 

Aineriean Law Journal, Vol. ll, p. 138. 

Elliott, Charles B. Covenants in Leases. 

Central Law Journal, Vol. xvi, p. 362. 

Elliott, Charles B. Suicide and Life Insurance. 
Central Law Journal, Vol. xxi, p. 378. 

Eluott, Charles B. Implied Powers of Municipal Corporations. 

American Law RegieUr, Vol. XXII, p. 584. 

Elliott, Charles B. Collateral Securities. 

Central l4aw Journal, Vol. XIV, p. 462. 

Elliott, Charles B. Contracts by Correspondence. 

Wettem Juriet, VoL XVI, p. 337. Journal of Jurisprudence (DnbUn), VoL XXVI. 
p. 540. 

Elliott, Charles B. Auctions and Auctioneers. 
Southern Law Review, Vol. viil, p. 555. 

Elliott, Charles B. Debtor and Creditor, etc. 
American Law Regitter (N. S.), VoL xxiv, p. 783. 

Elliott, Charles B. Consolidation of Corporations. 

Western Jurist, Vol. xvu, p. 245. Central Law Journal, VoL xvii, p. 382. 

Eluott, Charles B. Bonds. 

Atneriean and English EncydopaOia of Law, Vol. ii. 
Elliott, Charles B. Municipal Bonds. 

American and English Eneydopofdia of Law, VoL XU. 


ElxiOTTy Charles B. Muuicipal Warrants. 

Ameriean and English Etuyehpcedia of Late, VoL xu. American Law E€vimo, 
VoL IV, p. STS. 

£liot, Samuel. Passages from the History of Liberty. 
EuoT, Samuel. History of Liberty. Part I. Ancient Romans. Part IL 
Early Christians. 

EuoT, Samuel. History of the United States. 

4 void. 

Also ]^ports (4) of Saperinfcendentof Pablic Schools, Boaton, andB^ports, Ad- 
dreaaea, and Articles ia lieviews and Majraziuea. 

Eltino, IrviKg. Johns Hopkins University. Studies in Historical and 
Political Scieoce. Herbert B. Adams, Editor. Fourth Series. I. Dutch 
Village Communities on the Hudson River? By Irving Elting, A. B. 
Baltimore: N. Murray, Publication Agent, Johns Hopkins University, 

January, 1886. 

8vo, pp. 68. ^ 

Ely, Heman. Records of the Descendants of Nathaniel Ely. The Emigrant, 
w^io settled first in Newtown, now Cambridge, Mass., was one of the 
first settlers of Hartford, also of Norwalk,^ Conn., and a resident of 
Springfield, Mass., from 1659 until his death in 1675. Compiled by 
Heman Ely. Cleveland, Ohio, Short & Forman, Printers, 1885. 

Ely, Richard T. French and German Socialism in Modem Ximcs. New 
York : Harper & Brothers, 1883. 
lOino, pp. 274. 

Ely, Richard T. The Past and Present of Political Economy. Second 
edition. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Publications, 1884. 


Ely, Richard T. The Labor Movement in America. Fourth edition. 
New York: T. Y. Crowell & Co., 1886. 

8vo, pp. 383. 

Ely, Richard T. Problems of To- Day. Third edition. New York: T. 
Y. erowell & Co., 1888. 
8to, pp.222. 

Ely, Richard T. Taxation in American States and Cities. Third edi- 
tion. New iTork: T. Y. Crowell & Co., 1888, 
8vo, pp. 541. 

Ely, Richard T. An Introduction to Political Economy. New York : 

Hcuit & Eaton, 1889. 
8vo, pp. 348. 
40,000 copies. 

Ely, Richard T. Social Aspects of Christianity. New York : T. Y. Crow- 
ell & Co., 1889. 

Farmbr, Silas. The History of Detroit and Michigan, or the Metropolis 
Illustrated. A Chronological Cyclopaedia of the Past and Present. In- 
cluding a full record of Territorial days in Michigan and the Annals 
of Wayne County. By Silas Farmer, City Historiographer. Detroit: 
Silas Farmer & Co., Corner of Munroe Avenue and Farmer Street^ 


4to pp, 1,070, 649 maps, pUniB, reprodnoUons of old documents, and onte of build- 


Bdition, 1,000 copies, eleotrotyped. 

Reviewed in Detroit Evening Newt, NoTember 22, 1884 ; Debnnt Free Pre»e, 
Kovember 30, 1884; Army and Navy BegieUr, Washington, D. C, February?, 
1885 ; Magazine of American Hietory, March, 1885 ; Central Law Journal, St. Lonis, 
May 15, 1885 ; Albany Law Journal, May 2, 1885 ; DetroU Evening Joum^ May 20. 
1885; New Fork Ohrietian AdvoeaU, editorial. May 14, 1885 ; The Booh Bttyer, Kew 
York, May, 1885; The Literary NeiM, New York, June, 1885; The Dial, Chicago, 
June, 1885; The Nation, July 23, 1885; The Oritie, New York; NorthweeUm Ohrie- 
tian Advocate, February 26. 1886 ; Boeton Evening Traneirript, December 4, 1886 ; 
New Englond BibUopoleet, in New England Sittorieal and Oenealogieal Begieter, 
July, 1887 ; Harper^ 9 Magazine^ July, 1887. 

A seeond edition, revised and enlarged, in two volumes was printed in 1880. 

Volume I contains 1,074 pages. Volume II, exclusively biographical, containa 
818 pages and 171 portraits, mostly steeL 

Fabmbr, SiLAfi. Detroit dnrini; Reyolutionary Days. 
Magazine t^f Wegtwn Hietory, January, 1886. 

Farnam, Henry Walcott. Die iunere franzosisohe Gewerbepolitik von 
Colbert bis Tnrgot. Scharker's Staats- nnd Social wissenschaftliche 
Forschnngen, I. 4. Leipzig : Danoker & Humblot, 1878. 
8vo, pp. viii, 85. 

Farnam, Henry Walcott. Die amerikanischen Gewerbevereine [Schrif- 
ten des Yereins fUr Sooialpolitik, xviif]. Leipzig : Doncker &. Hum- 
blot, 1879. 
8vD, pp. 80. 

Farnam, Henry Walcott. Memoir of Henry Famam. New Haven, 1889. 
12mo, pp. 186, portrait. 
Privately printed. 

Ferguson, Henry. The Quakers in New England. 

The Ohweh\ Beview and Eecletiaetieal Begitter, Vol. un, April, 1889. 8vo, pp. 


Fisher, George P. A Discoarse, commemorative of the History of the 
Church of Christ in Yale College daring the first centnry of its exist- 
ence, preached in the College Chapel, Nov. 22, 1857, with notes and 
an appendix. New Haven: Thomas H. Pease, 1858. 

1 vol., pp. 08. 

Fisher, George P. Discourse, commemorative of Professor Josiah W. 
Gibbs, LL. D. Preached in the Chapel of Yale CoUege, March 3l8t, 
1861. New Haven, 1861. 

pp. 15. 

Fisher, George P. Life of Benjamin Silliman, M. D., LL.D., late Pro- 
fessor of Chemistry, Mineralogy, and Geology in Yale College. Chiefly 
from his mannscript reminiscences, diaries, and correspondence. New 
York: Chas. Scribner & Co., 1866. 

2 vole.; Vol. I, pp. 407 ; Vol. II, pp. 398. Portrait of Professor SJUimao. 

Fisher, George P. Discussions in History and Theology. New York : 
Chas. Scribner's rions, 1880. 
1 vol., pp. 555. 

FisiiER, George P. Oatlines of Universal History. Designed as a text- 
book and for private reading. New York : Ivison, Blakeman & Co., 
18b5. '•*/ 

1 vol., pp. 674, with maps. 


FisHSR, Oeorob p. The Beginnings of Christianity. With a yiew of the 
state of the Boman*World at the birth of Christ. New York : Chas. 
Soribner's Sons, 1886. 

1 Tol., pp. 500. 

FisusR, Qborge p. History of the Christian Chnroh. New York : Chas. 
Soribner's Sons, 1888. 
1 vol., pp. 701, with maps. 

Fitch, Charlies Eluott. Migration and Development. An address be. 
fore the Wyoming Pioneer Association. , 

Democrat and OhnmicU, Aagnst 5, 1880^ 

FiTCH, Charlbs Eluott. The American College. An address at the Cen- 
tennial of the Board of Hegents of the University of the State of New 
York. Jnly, 1884. 

FrrcR, Charles Elliott. Historical Address at the Semi-centennial of 
the City of Rochester, Jnne, 1884. Printed in all the daily newspapers 
of Rochester. 

Also briognphical artiole on James A. Garfiold. InUmaUwMd Review for Oc- 
tober, 18S0. NnxDeroos other addreeeoa and biographical and hiatorical articles in 
the Deimoerat and ChnmieU, 

Force, BifANNiKO Ferguson. Pre-Historic Man. Darwinism and Deity. 
The Mound Builders. By M. F. Force. Some Considerations on the 
Moand Boilders. Cincinnati : Robert Clarke ^ Co., 1873. 
Sto, pp. 60-85. 

Force,- Manning Ferguson, a. Some Early Notices of the Indians of 
Ohio. 5. To What Race did the Mound Builders Belong f. Cincinnati: 
Robert Clarke & C^., 1879. 
' 8yo pp.— a, 40 ; 6, 85. 

Force, Manning Ferguson. Address by M. F. Force, President of the 
Historical and Philosophical Society of Ohio, on the Opening of the 
New Rooms of the Society, October 15, 1885. Cincinnati : Robert 
Clarke & Co. 

12mo, pp. 8. f 

Force, Manning Ferguson. Some Observations on the Letters of Amer- 
igo Vespucci. Cincinnati : Robert Clarke & Co., 1885. 
12mo, pp. 24. 
Force, Manning Ferguson. Memorial Biographies of the New England 
Historic-Genealogical Society. Vol. iv. Memoir of John McLean. 
By Manning F. Force. Cambridge : John Wilson & Son. University 
Press, 1885. 
8 vo, pp. 13. 

Force, Manning Ferguson. Campaigns ofthe Civil War. Vol.ii. From 
Fort Henry to Corinth. By M. F. Force, late Brigadier-General' and 
Brevet Major-General, U. S. V., commanding First Division, Seven- 
teenth Corps. New York: Charles Scribner's Sons, 1881. 
12 mo, pp. 204. RoTlsecl. 1882. 

Force, Manning Ferguson. . Sketches of War History, 1861-1865. Papers 
read before the Ohio Commandery of the Military Order of the Loyal 
Legion of the United States, 188^-1886. Published by the Command- 
dery. Vol. i. Cincinnati: Robert Clarke & Co., 1888. 

Marchiq^ acrqM Carolina, pp. 1-18. 

Penonal recollections of the Yieksbarg Campaign, pp. 293-309. 


Ford, Paul Leicester, editor. Webster Genealogy. Compiled and 
printed for presentation only. By Noah WebAer. New Haven : 1836. 
With notes and corrections by bis great grandson, Paal Leicester Ford, 
Brooklyn, N. Y. Privately printed, 1&76. 

4io, pp. (4), 9, portridl and pUte. 

230 copies printed. 

Ford, Paul Leickstrr. Websteriana. A Catalogue of Books. By Noah 

Webster. Collated from the library of Gordon L. Ford. Brooklyn, 

N. Y.. 1882. 

4to, 20 illastrations. * 

Only G copies printed. 

Ford, Paul Leicester. Bibliotheca Chaunciana. A List of the Writ- 
ings of Charles Chaunc/, Brooklyn, N. Y. Privately printed, 1884. 
ito, pp. 30. 
10 copies printed. 

F0RD« Paul Leicester. History of a Newspaper. The Pennsylvania 
Gazette. ' 

Magazine of Aftveriean History, Vol. xv/No. 5. May, 1886. 
Reprinted in The Journalist, Vol. in, No. 9, May 22, 1880. 

Ford, Paul Leicester. Bibliotheca Hamiltoniana. A list of Books writ- 
ten by or relating to Alexander Hamilton. By Paul Leicester Ford. 
Printed for the Anthor. New York : The Knickerbocker Press, 1886. 

8 vo, pp. vi, 159. 

600 copies printed, oniform in style, with Mr. Henry Cabot Lodge's edition of the 
writings of Hamilton. 

Revien^ed in the Brooklyn Union, Decemler 4, 1886 ; New Tork Herald, January 16, 
1887, and New Tork Evening Poet, January 24, 188L 

Ford, Paul Leicester. A list of editions of The FederalUt. By Panl Lei- 
cester Ford. Brooklyn, N. Y., 1886. 

8vo, pp. 25. 

Only 60 copies privately printed, on one side of paper only. 

Ford, Paul Leicester. A list of Treasury Reports and Gircalars, issued 
by Alexander Hamilton, 178i^l795. Goiupiled by Paul Leicester Ford. 
Brooklyn, N. Y., 1886, 
8vo, pp. 47. 

Printed on only one side of paper ; fifty copies privately printed. It is a list of 
aboat 130 of the rarest United States Governmeut documents, only five of which 
are given in Poore's Catalogue of Oovernmenl Documents, aud of which neither the 
Library of Congress nor the Treasury Depai tment have copies of any appreciable 

Ford, Paul Leicester. Beview of ^ ^American Common weal tbs. Connecti- 
cut. A stndy of a Commonwealth Democracy. By Alexander Jobn- 

Politieal Science Quarterly, Vol. ll, No. 3, September. 1887. 

FoBD, Paul Leicester. S(»me Materials for a Bibliograpby of tbo Official 
Publications of the Continental Congress for 1774. Collected and an- 
notated by Paul Leicester Ford. Brooklyn, N. Y., 1886. 
8vo, pp. 8. 
260 copies separately printed from BtiUetin of Boston Fublie Library^ Vol. vni, 
Ka a It is the fimt number of an intended list of United States Qovernment doc- 
uments from 1774 to 1789. This number gives forty-four titles, only four of which 
are contained in Poore's Catalogue of United States Government Documents. 


FoBD, Paul Leicester. Pamphlets on the Constitution of the United 
•States, Published during its Discussion by the People, 1787-1788. Ed- 
ited, with Notes and a Bibliography, by Paul Leicester Ford. Brook- 
lyn, N. Y. : 1888. 

600 oopies printed. It oontaina the following pamphlets, and a bibliography and 
refeienoe iiet of the Constitntion, 1787-17S9 : 

[Gbbbt, Eldbxdge.] Obflervations on the Kew Constitntiont and on the Federal 
and State Conventionji. By a Colnmbian Patriot. 

[ Wbbsts^ Noah. ] An Examination into the Leading Principles of the Federal 
Con^titation. By a Citizen of America. 

[Jay, Joux. J An Address to the People of the State of New York, on the sabjec t 
of the Constitution. By a Cltiseu of New York. 

[SmTU, MuJLiccTHOM.J Address to the People of the State of New York. By 
■ a Plebeian. 

[Wbbbtbb, Pblatiah.] The Weakness of Bratns Exposed; or some remarks 
in Yindicatlon of the Constitution. By a Citizen of Philadelphia. 

[CoxB, Tbnch.1 An Examination of the Constitution of the United States of 
America. By an American Citizen. 

WiuoN, Jaubs. Speech on the Federal Constitution, delivered in Philadelphia. 

[BiCKiKSOX, John. J Letters of Fabius on the Federal Constitution. 

[Hamsok, Alexandbb CoiiTBE.] Bomarks on the Proposed Plan of a Federal 
GoTemment. By Ariatides. 

Baboolph, Edmund. Letter on the Federal Constitution. 

[Lbe, Bichabd Hbxbt.] Observations on the System of Govemmeut proposed 
by the late Convention. .By a Federal Farmer. ' 

Kason, Gbobqb. Objections to the Federal Constitution. 

[iBiDBLL,] Jambs. Observations on George Mason's Objections to the Federal 
Constitution. By Marcus. 

[Ramsat, David. ] An Address to the Freemen of South Carolina on the Federal 
Constitution. By Civis. 

** Of all the able writings by our great statesmen in favor of or opposition to the 
ratification of our national Constitution, The FederaUet alone is really accessible to 
the student and historian ; the rest, for the most p^rt published anonymously, 
having suffered the usual fate of pamphlets, and are now only to be found, widely 
scattered, and without marks of identification, in our public and private libraries, 
rendering their examination so difficult that, as a class, they have been singularly 
neglected in the study of that instrument."— Pro«p«ctu«. 

Bevieweil by President James C. Welling in The Nation, xlyiii, p. 56, January 17, 
1889 ; by St. Clair McKelway in the Brooklyn EagU, October 21, 1889 ; by W. F. 
Whitber in the Boeton Traveler, December 7, 188d ; in the Springfield Republican. 
February 11, 1889 ; in the New York Tribune, December 24, 1889 ; and in the BoeUm 
PoH, February 14, 1889. 
Ford, Paul Leicbster. Bibliogirapby and Reference List of tbe History 
and Literature relating to the adoption of tbe Constitution of the 

United States, 1787-'88. By Paul Leicester Ford. Brooklyn, N. Y., 

8vo. pp. 61. 

250 copies printed. 
FoBD, Paul Leicester. Review of *' Bibliotheca Jefiersoniana: A list of 
books written by or relating to Thomas Jefferson. By Hamilton Bol- 

look Tompkins." 

Poimcal Science Quarterly, Vol. ui, No. 2, June, 1888. 
Ford, Paui« Leicester. A list of the members of the Federal Convention 
of 1787. By Paul Leicester Ford. Brooklyn, N. Y., 1888. 


16mo, pp. (S) 15. 

Privately printed. Edition, 100 copies. 

In 1819 when John Quinoy Adams, by direction of Congress, edited and published 
the ** Joornal of the Federal Convention,*' he drew up from the commissions, etc., 


filed by the attending delegates a liat of the members. * • * Thie list -was 
afOoepted and repnblished by Elliot in hie ** Debates in the State Conventions.** by 
Cnrtis in bis " History' of theConstitation/'and more recently, in the **Offlolal Pro- 
gramme of the Constitational Centennial*' * * '' Thus, this list prepared in 
1819 has become a flztore, and both students and antograph collectors h*ye ac- 
cepted it as correct. There are, however, several omissions, and by reference to 
original documents, acts. Journals, etc.. I have increased the list to seventy-four 
names. To this I have added in such oases as I have been able the reasons of 
members for declining the appointment, and for the non-attendance of such as 
failed to be present in the convention,* the day of arrival of the attending mem- 
bers ; their absences, the date of leaving of those who failed to sign the Constitution, 
with their reasons, and the part the non-attending or non-signing members took 
in their own States in support of or opposition to the ratifloation.^JSIxfratft frtn^ 

Originally printed in the The CoUeeior, Vol. ii, Nos. 13 and 14, September and 
October, 1888. Reprinted by permission in L. C. Draper's "Essay on the Auto- 
graphic Collections of the Signers,*' New York« 1889. 
Ford, Paul Lricbstbr. The Anthorahip of *' Plain Troth." 

The Penntiflvania Magazine of Hittory and Biography, Vol. Xll, No. 4, Jannary, 
1889. vo. pp. 421-424. 

Relates to the authorship of a tract in reply to Paine's " Common Sense,*' which 
had been variously ascribed to thvpens of Kichanl Wells, Alexander Hamilton, 
William Inglis, Joseph Galloway, and George Chalmers, and which is here claimed 
for the Rev. William Smith. 
Ford, Paul Leicester. Affaires de PAngleterre et de FAm^riqne. 

The Penntylvania Magazii\e of History and Biography, YoL xii, No. 2, July, 1880. 
8vo, pp. 222-226. -^ 

An account and collation of a rare French periodical relating to the American 
Ford, Paul Lkicbster. Review of ** Benjamin Franklin. By Jobn T. 
Mone, jr." 

PoliUeal Science Quarterly, Vol. iv. No. 4, December. 1889. 8yo, pp. 667-668.| 
Ford, Paul Lbicrste^. Check-liat of American Magazines Printed in 
the Eighteenth Centnry. By Paul Leicester Ford. Brooklyn, N. Y., 

Sm. 4to, pp. 12. 
260 copies printed. 

Within the coyers of this quarto pamphlet are given the titles of thirty-eight 
magazines, many of great rarity and historic importance, botli from their matter 
and illustrations. With each title, when possible, is given a list of the issues 
from the commencement to the end of each magazine, together with dates, col- 
lations, illustrations, and notes, giving the editors, histories, and other facts of 
value. * * • Tlie list, as the title shown, has been prepared especially as a 
"check-list,** being printed on one side of the paper in single columns, thus leav> 
ing room for checking as well as for additions and corrections. For libraries and 
collectors it will be of groat u»e for supplying information never before put in 
print^Review from The CoUeetor, in, 40. 

FoRiS, Paul Leicester. Who was the Mother of Franklin's Son f An 
Historical Conundrnm, hitherto given up, now partly answered by Paal 
Leicester Ford. Brooklyn, N. Y., 1889. 
8m. ito, pp. 16. 

Only 100 copies, privately printed. 

Mr. Bdmund Quincy declared this question the "onemystery of Franklin's life.'* 
Mr. Sparks "looked it up in vain.'* Mr. Alexander Dallas Bache "considered 
it as past finding out." , Professor McMaster states that it "is not known.*' Mr. 
John T. Morse says *'no record or tradition remains,'* nor has any other publicist 
or historian brought forward the facts here put in print. 


Ford, Paul Lsicester. Cheok List of Bibliographiea, Catalogaes, Ref- 
erence Lists, and Lists of Authorities of American Books and Subjects. 
Compiled by Paol Leicester Ford. Brooklyn, N. Y., 1889. 

Sm. 4to, pp. 64. 

500 copies, printed in single colnmn, on one side of paper only. 

This list * * * contains one thonsand and seventy (1,070). titles, being over 
seven bondred more than have hitherto been catalogued in Sabin's, Jackson's, 
and Vallee*8 Bibliographies of Bibliography. It indades not only separate bibli- 
ographies of these snbjacts, but also those forming parts of other books. Unlike all 
former lists, the arrangement is by subject under nineteen divisions and one hun- 
dred and fifty subdivisions, with a olasslfloation of contents and an author's index.— 

Ford, Paul Leicbstbr. List of some Briefs in Appeal Causes which relate 
to America, tried before the Lords Commissioners of Appeals of Prize 
Causes of His Majesty's Privy Council, 1736-1758. By Paul Leicester 
Ford. Brooklyn, N. Y., 1889. 

8vo, pp. 20. 

250 copies, printed on one side of paper OQly. 

The lack of material for the study and history of American trade and commerce 
before the Revolution is so great that iA hardly requires mention. In the writings 
of Charles Davenant, Josiah Child, Joshua Gee, William Douglas, John Ashley, 
Edmund Burke, Adam Smith, and in a few fugitive pamphlets is more or less 
matter on this snljjeot, but it is at best imperfect and fragmentary. Yot this topic 
is not only important from an economic point of view, but equally so fur the 
history of the causes of our Revolution ; for the trade restrictions and admiralty 
courts on the one side, and the illicit trading and nullification of the English trade 
laws on the other side, were a most important element in the origin of that war. 
In the library of Mr. Gordon L. Ford, of Brooklyn, N. Y., are two volumes of 
practically unknown papers which throw much light on this subject. Originally 
belonging to Chief Justice WilUam Lee and Sir George Lee, members of the privy 
council, they consist, for the most part, of the printed briefs in marine cases arilb- 
ing in the French and Spanish war of 1739-1748, appealed from the admiralty courts 
in England or in the English colonies to that portion of the privy council severally 
described as the "Lords Commisai6ners for Appeals in Prize Causes," the "Com- 
mittee of his Majesty's most Honourable Privy Council for Affairs of the Planta- 
tions, or the "Lords Commissioners for hearing Appeals ftom the Plantations in 
America in Cause of Prize." As in appeal cases now, only enough of these briefs 
were printed to give the commissioners and the opposing advocates each a copy ; 
and this probably limited the edition to a dozeu or flfu^en copies, which sufiiciently 
accounts for their rarity and neglect as historical matter. In these legal argu- 
ments and statements, howevor, is a great roa»s of American naval and commercial 
history; and those particular copies are given especial value by many long notes 
of the two Lees^ giving their opinions, the positions of the difierent members of 
the privy council, and also the deoiitions of that body. To make these papers 
better known I have prepared a list of all that treat of American trade, to which 
I have added a few notes.— /V</a^. 

FoBD, Paul Lkickstbb, Editor. Great Words from Great Americans. The 
Declaration of Independence, the Constitution of the United States, 
Washington's Inaugural and Farewell Addresses, Lincoln's Inaugural 
and Farewell Addresses, etc. New York and London : G. P. Put- 
nam's Sons, The Eaickerbocker Press, [1889]. 
12 mo, pp. (2) 207 ; 2 pori raits. 

Contains an historic4d appendix, giving a brief history of the origin of each of 
these " Great Words, " by Paul Leicester Ford. An earlier edition, entitled, " The 
Ideals of theRepaUio," contained only a small part of this. 


Ford, Paul Leicester. Tbe Inangnration of our GoTeniment. 

Harper's WeeMy, xxfin, May 4, 1889. pp. 846-364. 

Ford, Paul Leicester. Franklin Bibliography. A list of books written 
by or relating to Benjamin Franklin. By Paal Leicester Ford. Brook- 
lyn, N. Y., 1889. 

Svo, pp. Ixxi, 467. 

500 copies printfed« on one side of paper only. 
* The list contains in all oyer fifteen hundred titles and references. A nnmber 

of these have never been catalogned or printed as FAnklin's, and many are^of great 
rarity, while the notes definitely settle some of the disputed qaeetions in his life 
$skd writings. It has been made uniform with Mr. Bigelow's edition of Franklin*8 
writings (except that fewer copies have been printed), so that it may be made a 
supplementary voiame to that work. ~Pro«pee(u«. 

Reviewed by Lindsay Swift in the Boston Pott, November 20, 1889; by St. Clair 
MoKelway in the Brooklyn Eagle, S^'ptember 22, 1889 ; New Tork Timet, October 
13, 1889 ; Xiu> York Tribune, September 30, 1889 ; The Nation, December 6, 1889 ; The 
Evening Poet, December 7, 1889; Springfield Republiean, September 27, 1889 ; by F. 
D. Stone, Penneylvania Magazine o/Hietory and Biography, zm, p. 489; The CriHc^ 
and The Athenceutn. 

Ford, Paul Leicestkr. Biographical Sketches of D^eaeed Members of 
the New England Society of theCjty of Brooklyn. 188&-18d9. 
In sixth, seventh, eighth, and ninth Annual Reporte. 
4 vols. 8vo. 

FooTE, Henry Wilder. James Freeman and King's Chapel, 178a-*87. A 
Chapter in tbe Early History of the Unitarian Movement in New Eng- 
land. Reprinted from The Religious Magazine. Boston : Leonard C. 
Bowles, 1873. 

8vo, pp. 29. 

Foote, Henry Wilder. In Memory of Charles Sumner. Sermon preached 
at King's Chapel, Sunday, March 22, 1874, and Services at the Fa- 
neral, March 16, 1874. Published by request of the Wardens and Yea- 
try. Boston : Alfred Mudge & Son, 1874. 

8vo, pp. 48. 

FooTE, Henry Wilder. The Wisdom from Above. Sermon preached at 
King's Chapel, Sunday, January 3, 1875, occasioned by the Death of 
Rev. James Walker, D. D., LL. D., late President of Harvard Univer- 
sity. Printed by request. Boston : Alfred Mudge & Son, Printers, 

8vo, pp. 48. 

FooTE, Henry Wilder. King's Chapel and the Evacuation of Boston. A 
Discourse given in King's Chapel, Sunday, March 12, 1876. Printed 
by request. Boston : George H. Ellis, 1876. 
8vo, pp. 23. 

FoOTE, Henry Wilder. The Rise of Dissenting Faiths and the Establish- 
ment of the Episcopal Church. In "The Memorial History of 'Boston, 
Vol. I. Edited by Justin Winsor." Boston : J. R. Osgood &, Co., 1880. 
Chap. IV, pp. 191-217. 

FooTE, Henry Wilder. A Discourse on the Russian Victories, given in 
King's Chapel, March 25, 1813. By the Rev. James Freeman, D. D.. 
And a Catalogue of the Library, given by King William III to King's 
Chapel in 1695. With Introductory Remarks by Henry Wilder Foote. v 
Reprinted from the Proceedings of the Massachusetts Historical Soci- 
ety, March and May, 1881. . Cambridge : John Wilson & Son, 1881. 
8vo, pp. 22. 


FooTK, Henry Wilder. Annals of King's Cbapel from the Puritan Age of 
N^w England to the present day. In twoYolnmee. Vol. I. Boston : 
Little, Brown and Company, 1882. , 

8ro, pp. i-xv, S51, 7 portraits, 7 platea, fao-Bimile. 

Foots, Henry Wilder. The Centenary of the King's Chapel Litnrgy. 
Discourse by Rev. Henry Wilder Foote, and Address by Rev. James 
Freeman Clarke, D. D., given in King*s Chapel, Sunday, April 12, 1685. 
Printed by request of the Wardens.and Vestry^ Boston : Q. H. Ellis, 

8to, pp. 34. 

Foote, Henry Wilder. The Commemoration by King's Chapel, Boston, 
of the completion of two hundred years since its fonndation, on Wednes- 
day, December 13, 1886. Also Three Historical Sermons. Edited by 
Henry W. Foote. Boston : Little, Brown and Companyi 1887. 
8vo, pp. 200, 16 plates, portraits. 

Foote, Henry Wilder. St. Augustine at HippOi 

Christian Ext^iner, Vol. LXIX, pp. 35^280. 

Foote, Henry Wilder. Rev. Charles Lowe. 

Unitarian JUview, Vol. I, pp. 471^78. 

Foote, Henry Wilder. The Puritan Commonwealth. 

Unitarian Redew. Vol. xvi, pp. 101-124. 

Foote, Henry Wilder. John A. Lowell. 

Unitarian Review. VoL;tvin, pp. 161-168. 

Foster, William Eaton. The United States Constitution. A list of ref- 
erences. Economic Tracts. No. II. Series of 1880--'81. Political econ- 
omy and political science. Compiled by W. G. Sumner, David A. Wells, 
W. E. Foster, K. L. Dngdale, and G. H. Putnam. New York : The 
Society for Political Education, 67 Madison Avenue, 1881. 

. 12mo, pp. 24-33. 

Foster, William Eaton. The literature of civil service reform in the 
United States. By William £. Foster. Published by the Young Men's 
Political Club. Providence: Providence Press Company, 1881. 
8vo, pp. 15, pax>er coTers. 

Foster, William Eaton. The civil service reform movement. By W. 

£. Foster, author of ^^The literature of civil service reform in the 

United States." Boston : Press of Kockwell and Churchill,* 39 Arch 

Street, 1881. 

12mo, pp. 76, paper covers. 

* Second edition. George H. Ellis, 1881. 

Foster, William Eaton. Stephen Hopkins, a Rhode Island statesman. 
A study in tbe political history of the eighteenth century. By William 
E. Foster. [No. 19, pts. 1 and 2,- of Rhode Island Historical Tracts.] 
Providence: Sidney S. Rider, 1884. 

Sm. 4to ; pt 1, pp. xz+196 ; pt. 2, pp. xii+289. 

Sabsoribed for in advance. Strictly limited to 500 copies. 475 copies, smaU 
paper; 25 copies, large paper. 

lELeyitiwed in The Nation, An^st 7, 1884, r. 30, p. 117-18, by W. F.Allen; in The 

American, Philadelphia, Angust 23, 1884, by J. G. Rosengarten ; in Every Othw 

Saturdajf, Boston, August 30, 1884, by J. 6. Rosengarten ; in Providence Journal, 

■ Jnne 23, 1884, by Henry Mann ; in Book Notes, Providence, Angnst 16, 1884, by 

Sidney & Rider. 


Foster, WnxiAM Eaton. Early attempts at Rhode Island history, com- 
prising those of Stephen Hopkins and Theodore Foster. Edited by 
William £. Foster. Including— I. PrefiKse. (W. E. Foster.) II. An 
Historical account of the planting and growth of Providence. (Ste- 
phen Hopkins.) III. Materials for a history of Rhode Island. (Col- 
lected by Theodore Foster.) lY. Appendix. (W. E. Foster.) V. Sketch 
of the life and services of Theodore Foster. (W. E. Foster.) 

8to, pp. 5-lH. 

OoUeetUms 0/ the Rhode Itland SUUniaU Society, Volume VII. ProTidenoe : 
Kelloj;g Pxintinjc Ck>mpany, 1885. 

Foster, Wiluam Eaton. References to political and economic topics. 
Prepared by William E. Foster, Librarian of the Providence Public * 
Library, to accompany a series of lectures delivered in Providence, 
R. I., 1884-'85, under the auspices of the First Congregaticnal Parish. 
Providence : Providence Press Company, Book Printers, 1685. 

Sm. 4to, pp. 27. 

Foster, William Eaton. Economic Tracts. No. xvu. References to 
the history of presidential administrations, 1789-1685. By W. E. Fos- 
ier. Librarian of Providence Public Library. New York: The Society 
for Political Education, 31 Park Row, 1685. 
12mo, pp. 2, 58. 

Foster, William Eaton. The use of a publio library in the study of his- 
tory . By Wm. E. Foster, Librarian of the Providence Public Library. 
In Methodi qf tsttehing kUUny, [Pedagogical Library, Vol. I, edited by O. Stai»> 
ley Hall.] Boston: Oin, Heath A Company, 1885. 
2d ed., 12mo, pp. 105-111. 

Foster, William Eaton^ Town government in Rhode Islad. By Willianoi 
E. Foster, A. M. [John Hopkins University. Studies in Historical and 
Political Science. Herbert B. Adams, editor, 4th series, [No. II.] 
Baltimore : N. Murray, Publication Agent, Johns Hopkins University, 
February, 1866. 
8vo, pp> 36. 

Foster, William Eaton. Review of '* John Adams, the Statesman of the 
American Revolution. By Mellen Chamberlain. Boston: The Webster 
Historical Society, 1864." 

The Nation, Vol. xxxviu, 'So. 981, April 17. 1884. p. SSL 

Foster, Wiluam Eaton. Review of "Capt. John Smith, of Willoaghby. 
By Alford, Lincolnshire, President 01 Virginia, and Admiral of New 
England. Works. 1606-1631. Edited by Edward Arber. [The En- 
glish Scholar's Library, No. 16. J Birmingham: Published by the ed- 
itor, 1864." 

Ihe Nation, Vol. xxxix, No. 1001, September i. 1884. pp. 204, 205. 

C'osTER, William Eaton. Review of '* The Memorial History of Hartford 
County, Connecticut. 1633-1664. Edited by J. Hammond Trumboll, 
LL. D. In two volumes. Boston : Edward L. Osgood, 1686.'' 
AUaw^ Monthly, VoL ux, No. 352, Febniny, 1887. pp. 871-878 


Foster, William Eatox. Review of '* Franklin in France. From original 
documents, most of which are now published for the first time. By 
Edward E. Hale and Edward E. Hale, jr. Boston : Roberts Brothers, 


The Katitm, Yol. XLIT. No. 1180, April 28, 1887. pp. 308-370. 

FosTBB, William Eaton. Review of *<The English and French in North 
America, 168^1763. Narrative and critical history of America. Edited 
by Justin Winsor. Vol. v. Boston : Houghton, Mifflin & Co., 1887," 
The Xaiion^ Yd. XLV, No. IIM, November 3, 1887. pp. 355, 35«. 

Foster, William Eaton. Review of ** The United States of North Amer- 
ica. Part 11. Narrative and Critical History of America. Vol. vii. 
Edited by Justin Winsor. Boston: Houghton, Mifflin & Co., 1888." 
The Nation, Vol. XLTII, No. 1216, October 18, 1888. pp. 316, 317. 

Foster, William Eaton. Review of * ' Franklin in France. From original 

documents, most of which are now published for the first time. By 

Edward E. Hale and Edward E. Hale, Jr. Part 11. The Treaty of 

Peace and Franklin's Life till his Return. Boston : Roberts Brothers, 


The Nation, Vol. XLVm, No. 1281, Jannuy ^1, 1889. pp. 102, 103. 

Foster, William Eaton. Morse's Franklin. Review of Benjamin 
Franklin. By, John T. Morse, jr. [American Statesmen.] Boston; 
Houghton, Mifflin <& Co., 1889. 

The Nation, Yol. XLnc, No. 1269, October 24, 1889. pp. 337, 338. 

Also, "Notes," in The Nation. Vol. xxxix, pp. 33, 34, July 10. 1884 ; Vol. xxxix, p. 
. Ill, August 7. 1884. 

FoULKE, William Dudley. Slav or Saxon. A Study of the Growth and 
Tendencies of Russian Civilization. 

pp. 148. 

1,000 copies printed, eleetrotyped. 

Francke, Kuno. Zur Geschichte der lateinischen Schulpoesie dea 12ten 
u. 13ten Jahrhunderts. Miinchen: Th. Riedel, 1879. 

8to, pp. 120. 

Francke, Kuno. Der Architrenius des Johann v. Anville. 

Fortehunffenzur deuttchen Oe9chichU, Vol. xx. pp. 475-502. Hannover: Hahn, 

Francke, Kuno. Zur Charaoteristik des Kardinals Humbert von Silva 

Nenes Archiv der GeseUsohafb fiir altere dentsohe Gesohickte, vii, pp. 614-<n9. 

Francke, Kuno. The Parliamentary Experiment in Germany. Cam- 
bridge : W. H. Wheeler, 1887. 
• pp. ie< 

Gallaudbt, Edward Miner. Eulogy on Hon. Amos Kendall. 

American Ann€Ui of the Dettf, Vol. xv, No. 1, January, 1870. 8ro, pp. 37-43. 

Gallaudet, Edward Miner. Eulogy on Harvey Prindle Peet. 

Amerioan AnnaU of the l>eaf. Vol. xvm, No. 21, April, 1878. 8to, pp. U2-U5. 

S. Mis. 170 ^16 


Qallaudet, Edward Miner. A Manual of IntenxatidDal Law. New 
York: Henry Holt &, Co., 1886. Second edition. 
l2ino, pp. 388. First edition, 1879. l.pOO copies. 

Contains an historical sketch of the prot^ress of international \«w, pp. 1-49. 
Beviewed in the New /eney Law Journal; Ths Luzerne (Pa.) Legal Begiatet; 
The Buffalo Expreee; The Philadelphia Timee; The Albany Argue; 1%« Botton Even- 
ing Traneeript; The Bankere' Magazine (N.Y.); The Chrietian Union; The Boeton 
Daily Advertiser; The New York Tribune; The Sunday School Timee; Hie Church- 

Gaixaudet, Edward Miner. History of the Edncation of Deaf-Mntes, 
in America. 

American Sapplement to the EnoyclopiDdia Brittanica, Vol. II. New York, 
Philadelphia, and London: J. M. Stoddart, 1884. 
4to, pp. 65^574. 

Gallaudet, Edward Miner. RemiDiscenoe&of Tbomas Maclntire. 

Am£riean Annaltqfthe Deaf, Vol. xxxi, No. 1. January, 1886. 
8vo, pp. 20-29. 

Gallavdet, Edward Miner. Life of Thomas Hopkins Gallandef , Founder 
of t)eaf-Mnte Instruction in America. New York : Henry Holt A, Co., 


l2mo, pp. 839, 4 portraits, illnstrated. 
Edition, 1,000 copies. 

Keviewed in The Springfield SepubUean, April 4,1888: The Chrietian Regieter; 
The Boeton Advertiser; The New York Tribune; The Harford Poet; The New York 
Observer. ♦ 

" On the one hundredth anniversary of Dr. Gallandet's birth, this record of his 
life is completed and offered to the deaf of America, and their friends, with an as> 
snrance of their friendly interest in its publication." Extract from preface, dated 
December 10. 1887. 
Gat, Sydney Howard. A Popular History of the United States, from the 
first discovery of the Western Hemisphere by the Northmen to the end 
of the Civil War. Preceded by a sketch of the Prehistoric Period and 
the Age of the Mound -Builders. By William Cnllen Bryant and Sydney 
Howard Gay. New York: Charles Scribner's Sons, 1681. 
Four volumes. Fully illuittrated. Royal 8to. 

Vol I. 490-1647, pp. xl. 583, 5 stoel plates, 12 foU-paf^e/vrood engravings, 8 maps, 
276 illustrations in text. « 

Vol. II. 1636-1744 pp. xxxii, 634, 4 steel plates, 14 fnllpage wood engrsrings, 
11 full-page mnps and plans, 807 illustrations in text. 

Vol. in. 1678-1781, pp. xxviii, 655, 4 steel plates. 12 full-page wood engravings, 
7 full-page maps and facsimiles, 258 illustrations in text. 

Vol. IV. 1779-1865, pp. xxiv, 648, 4 steel plates. 12 full-page wood engravings, 6 
full-pa^e maps and fac-similes, 260 illustrations in text. 
In numbers— Vol. i, 7 extra steel plates. 
Vol. II, 7 extra steel plates. 
Vol. Ill, 8 <;xtra steel plates. 
Vol. IV, 9 extra steel plates. 
KoTC— The gentlemen whose able assistance made it possible for Mr. Gay to 
complete thin work in so short a timi^ are mentioned by name in his "Prefaoe** to 
Vol II and his Introductory to Vol. lY. The publishers have omitted these pre- 
faces for some years past. They have, however, retained the "Introduotioo," by 
Mr. Bryant. 

Gay, Sydney Howard. Why Cornwallis was at Yorktown. By Sydney 
Howard Gay. 

North American Review for October, 1881. 

Gay, Sydney Howard. Landing of the Pilgrims. By Sydney Howard 

Atlantie Monthly for October. 1881. 


Gay, Sydnby Howard. American Statesmen, edited by John T. Morse, 
jr. James Madison, by Sydney Howard Gay. Boston: Honghton, Miff- 
lin &, Co. New York: 11 East Seventeenth street. Cambridge: The 
Riverside Press, 1884. 
l2mo, pp. 342. 

Gay, Sydney Howard. Amerigo Vespncci. A chapter in Vol. n of the 
' ^ Narrative and Critical History 6f Aroerioa. Edited 1by Jnstin Winsor, 
Librarian of Harvard University, Corresponding Secretary Massachu- 
setts Historical Society.'' Boston and New York : Honghton, Mifflin d& 
Co. * Cambridge: The Riverside Press, 1689. 
Royal Sro, pp. 2i« 3 portndtB, 2 f ac-Almiles. 

Oilman, Arthur. A Genealogical and Biographical Record of the Branch 
of the Family.of Oilman descended from the Hononrable Councillor John ' 
Gilman, of Exeter, N. H. With which is incorporated some account of 
his ancestors and the English branch of the Oilman Family. Albany : 
J. Mnnsell, 1863. 

8to, pp. 61. 

Oilman, Arthur. Genealogy of the Oilman Family in England and 
America; traced in the line of Hon. John Oilman, of Exeter, N. H. 
Albany : J. Monsell, 1864. 
8to, pp. 64. 

Oilman, Arthur. The Oilman Family traced in the line of Hon. John 
Oilman, of Exeter, N. H., with an account of many other Oilmans in 
England and America. Albany : J. Mnnsell, 1869. 
Sm. 4to, pp. xii, 324, 6 portraits. 

Oilman, Arthur. First Steps in English Literature. An outline of the 
history of the literature of the English language, for the use of schools 
in connection with the study of the works of English authors. New 
York: A. S. Barnes Si Co. 

16mo. pp. 283. [Reached its tenth edition in 1876. Bevised, 18R9.] 

Oilman, Arthur. First Steps in General History. A suggestive outline. 
[For the use of schools.] New York : A. S. Barnes &, Cp., 1874. 

Pp. X, 385. 

Oilman, Arthur. Kings, Queens, and Barbarians, or Tales about Seven 
Historic Ages. [History for children.] Boston: D. Lothrop Co., 1870. 

Oilman, Arthur. Boston, Past and Present, being an outline of the 
history of the city as exhibited in the lives of its prominent citizens. 
Cambridge : The Riverside Press. 

Folio, pp. x\y, 643. 

In this Tolame (planned and mainlj written by others) Mr. Gilman composed 
the title, the introdoction. and eketobes of the livee of Sir Henry Tan<», Anne 
Hntobtnson, Tfaomae Prince, Samnel Adama, James Otis, John Qnincy Adams, 
Cardinal de Chevems, Joseph Story, Amos and Abbot Lawrence, Lowell Mason, 
Edward Everett, Rnfos Choate, Henry W. Lonf^ellow, Oliver Wendell Holmes, 
Robert C. Wintfarop, John A. Andrew, and James Russell Lowell. The sketches 
were accompanied by steel portraits. 

Oilman, Arthur. Life of Chaucer. " The Times and the Poet." The 
Poetical Works of Geoffrey Chancer. Riverside edition. Edited, with 
Memoir, by Arthur Oilman. Cambridge : Houghton, Mifflin and Com- 

3 vols., OTDwn 8to, pp. CXZVI ; 578, 091 , 708. 


Oilman, Arthur. Magna Cbarta Stories. Historic Straggles for Freedom, 
written by Arthur Oilman and others. Boston : D. Lothrop Co., 1882. 

Oilman Arthur. A History of the American People. Boston: D. 
Lothrop Co., 1883. 

12ino. pp. xziii, 868. « 

Oilman, Arthur. Tales of the Pathfinders. Stones of the exploration 
of America. Boston : D. Lothrop Co. 
16nio, pp. 225. ' 

Oilman, Arthur. The Story of Rome from the earliest times to the {aU of 
the Republic. [The Story of the Nations.] New York and London : 
G. P. Pntnam's Sons, 1885. 
Pp. iv, 353- 

Oilman, Arthur. The Story of the Saracens from the earliest times to 
the fall of Bagdad [The Story of the Nations.] New York and Lon- 
don : O. P. Putnam's Sons, 18i^. 

Pp. xvi, 493. 

Oilman, Arthur. The Disoovery and Exploration of America. A book 
for American boys and girls. Boston and Chicago: The Interstate 
Publishing Co.. 1897. 
Sq. ISroo, pp. 128. 

Oilman, Arthur^ The Colonization of America. A book for American 
boys and girls. Boston and Chicago : The Interstate Publishing Co., 

Sq. 16mo. pp. 160 • 

Oilman, Arthur. The Making of the Americiskn Nation. A book for 
American boys and girls. Boston and Chicago : The Interstate* Pnb- 
lishing Co., 1887. 

8q. ISroo, pp. 100. 

Oilman, Arthur. The Story of Boston. A Stndy of Independency. 
[Oreat Cities of the Republic]. New York : O. P. Putnam's Sons, 1889. 

8vo, pp. yiil, 507. 

Oilman, Arthur, editor. Lothrop's Library of Entertaining History. 

Seriefi, beffinniDgln 1879, the following volames In 12nio, illustrated, published 
by D. Lothrop Co., Boston. 
India, by Fanny Roper Fenge, pp. 640. 
Spain, by Prof. James A. Mackenzie, pp. xxii, 717. 

Switzerland, by Harriet D. Slidell, pp. 585. , 

^KJV^f ^y ^rs. (ylara Erskine Clement 
China, by Prof. Robert K. Bonglass, pp. 566. 

Oilman Arthur,, collaboratenr.- Story of the Nations. 

Collaboratear in 1886-'87 with the aathors mentioned in the following books, pub- 
lished by G. P. Putnam's Sons : 
Germany, by Sabine-Baring Gould, pp. xvii, 457. 
The Moors in Spain, by Stanley La&e«Poole, pp. xx, 285. 
Alexander's Empire, by Prof. J. P. Mahaffy, pp. xxil, 323. 
Carthage, by Prof. Alfred J. Church, pp. xx, 300. 
Turkey, by Stanley Lane-Poole, pp. xx, 373. 
Early Egypt, by Prof. George Rawlinson. 

Oilman, Arthur. Hymn-Writers in English, and sketches of a few 
English authors who have written on religions snbjects. 
In Schaff-Herzog Encyclopedia. 

Mr. Gilman has published sundry biographical sketches in the Harvard Beqi^ 
ter (1880, etc.) and elsewhere. 


OoDDARD, Henry Perkins. Memorial of Deceased Offloers of the Four- 
teenth Regiment Connecticut Volunteers. By Henry P. Goddard, late 
Captain Co. A and B, 14th Regt. Conn. Vols. Hartford, Conn., 1872. 

8to, pp. 40. 

privately printed. Edition. 200 copies. 

GoDDARD, Henry Pkrilins. Regimental Reminiscences of the War of the 
Rebellion. By Henry P. Goddard, late Captain 14th Conn, Vols. Mid- 
dleiown, Conn., 1877. 

8FO,pp. 15. 

Privately printed. Edition, 300 copies. 

GODDARD, Henry Perkins. Luther Martin : The Federal Bull-Dog. By 
Henry P. Goddard. Fund Publication, No. 24. Baltimore, Md. : Mary- 
land Histqpcal Society, 1887. 
8yo, pp. 42. ^ 

Originally read before the Maryland Historical Society. Bound in with il is "k 
* Sketch of|the Life and Character of Kathaoiel Ramsey," by W. W. Brand, D. D. 
This sketch of Martin is a "study," to be, perhaps, expanded later into a biog* 
raphy. ^ 

Goddard, Hbnry Pbrkins. Recollections of Edward L. Davenport. 

LipjnneoU'9^agazine, April, 1878. Vol. xvi. No. 124, pp. 463^68. 

GooDB, George Brown. The Colleges of the United States. 

OolUge Review, New York, Jane. 1870. 

The earliest attempt at a list of Amerioan colleges, the foundation of a similar 
list iu the " Report of the Presidents of Columbia College " for 1871, subsequently 
enlarged into this classified catalogue, now aanually published in the reports of the 
U. %. Commissionei' of Edacation. 

Goods, George Brown. A History of Wesleyan University. 

CkMege Bevieio, New York, 1870. 

GooDE, George Brown, Co-Editor. The Alumni Record of Wesleyan 

University, 1873. 
GooDE, George Brown. On the question, '' Do Snakes Swallow Their 


Proceedings o/ the American Atioeiation for the Advancement of Science, 1874 
(Portland meeting), pp. 170-185. 

Also as a separate, repa^ed. 

A study of a curious problem in animal life, in connection with traditions, folk* 
lore, and literary allusions. 

Goods, George Brown. Commercial Statistics of Animal Products in 
the United States: a Review of a portion of the report of the Chief 
of the Bureau of Statistics for the Fiscal Year ending June 30, 1877. 
BuUetin V. S, National Muteum, No. 14, 1879, pp. 272-300. 

GooDEj George Brown. Statistics of American Fisheries. In Documeuts 
and Proceedings of the Halifax Commission, 1877, under the Treaty of 
Washington of May 6, 1677 (ui), pp. 3.360-3363. Washington, 1878. 
First published iu Halifax. 1877, as "Appendix O" to the ofiicial record. Also 
iu Trantaetions Am/etican Fith-Oultural Aesoeiation, 1878, pp. 99-108. 

'Ilie earliest attempt at a statistical survey uf the American fisheries as a 
whole, beiUK the foundation of the fishery works of the Tenth Ceusus. 
« ▲.—Estimated total of American Fisheries for 1876. 

B.-— Produo^i of Weira^aud Traps. 

C— Products of Marine Fisheries of Southern Massachusetts and Rhode Island. 
D.-lPtoducts of Marine Fisheries of the Northern Atlantic States. 
£.--Table showing statistics of the manufactures of menhaden oil and guano in 
the United SUtes iu the years 1873, 1874, 187£>, 1876. 


Gooj>E, Georgb Brown. A Stady of tbe Popular Names of the Menhaden. 

American NaturaUtt, Noyember, 1870, pp. 735-730. 

The ueniuuleii is a fish of the herring family, which occars in oar AUantio 
waters, from Nova Sootia to Mexico. The object of this paper was to sho^ the 
great diversity ot its nomenclature in Colonial days, and the receipt gradual d jiog 
oat of mafiy of the names as a result of freer communication between the flshermen 
on different parts of the coast. 
OooDE, George Brown. The Earliest Americaii Naturalist, Thomas 


Heienee Newt, New York, NoTcmber 1. 1878, pp. 12, 13. 

Concerning an eminent English savant, who was a member of the Roanoke 
Colony of 1685. 

GooDE, George Bro^n. American Ichthyology in 1878. 
SeUnee News, New York. Febroary 1, 1879. pp. 97-100. 
BibliugEaphioal and critical. 

GooDEi George Brown. Commercial Statistics of Animal Prodacts in the 
United States. 

SuUeHn V. S. National Mtueuin, Na 11, 1879. pp. 272-300. 

An analytical survej^of tbe export and import trade in •ommertfial prodaots of 
animal origin in the uMaX year ending Jane 30, 1877. 

Goods, George Brown. Executive Proceedings of the United States 
Senate from which the luj unction of Secrecy has been Aemoved. The 
North American Fisheries. Arrangements with Great Britain. Mem- 
oranda in Relation to Statistics of the Fisheries of North America^ pre- 
pared for Senator Edmunds in response to his request of December 31, 


Oongreiei<mal Record^ ix, No. 89. pp. 2-4, July 10, 1879. 

GooDK, George Brown. U. S. Fish Commission and Census of 1880. (44.) 
Plan of Inquiry into the History and Present Condition of the Fish- 
eries of the United States. Washington : Government Printing Office, 

8vo, pp. 54 (2). 

Also in Seport U. S. Fith Commieeion, Part vm. 1881. 

GooDE, George Brown. The Natural and Economical History of the 
American Menhaden. 

Report V. S. Oommiseioner of Fish and Fieheriet, Part v. 1679, Appendix A, pp. 
1-529, Plates i-xzxi (xxz canceled), pp. 194-287. 

GOODE, George Brown, Joint author. American Fisheries, a History of 
the Menhaden • • « with an account of the Agricultural Uses of 
Fish, and an introduction, bringing the subject down to date. Thirty 
plates. New York : Orange Judd Company, 1880. 

8vo. pp. X (I). Ui-xii, 1-529 (1). 

Reviewed in Nature, London, xxu, p. 835. 

Goods, George Brown. A short biography of the Menhaden, an ab- 
stract of *'A History of the Menhaden. '^ Read before the Saratoga 
Meeting of the American Association for the Advaocdment of Science, 
and the Chicago Meeting of the Central Fish Cultural Association, 
and in an extended form before the New York Meeting of the United 
States Menhaden Oil and Guano Association. Salem : Printed at the 
Saletn Press ^ 18o0. 

8vo, pp. 15 (I). 

GooDB, George Brown. A Short Biography of the Menhaden. 

/Voc. Am^r. Aaaoe. Adoan. Hci., Saratoga Meeting. 1879 (1880), pp, 42&-437. 


GoODEy George Brown. The ase of Agricaltural Fertilizers by the Amer- 
ican Indians and the early EDglish Colonists. 
American NcUuraliiL xiv, 1880, pp. 473-479, July. 

GooDE, George Brown. Perry winkle and Pinny winkle. 

Angler's Note Book and NaturalUVt Record, London, IdSO, i, p. 187. 

liTameB of New England shell-flfih, in reply to a statement in Professoi KeatB'fl 
article on "Anglo-Saxon Fidh Names." 

Goode, George BroWxV. The First Decade of the United States Fish Com- 
mission. ' Its Plan of Work and Accomplished Results, Scientific and 
Economical. « 

Proceed, Amer. Auoe, Advane, Sei., 1881, pp. 663-574. Boston Meeting. 

Alao, Mature, London, xxit, 1880, pp. 597-599. October 21 ; SmUheonian 
Beport, 1880; and Etport U. 8. Fieh Oommiifion, Part viii, 1881. 

GpODEy George Brown. Das erste Jahrzehnt der Wirksamkeit derFisch- 
Kommission der Vereioigten Staaten. Ihre Geschichte, ihr System und 
ihre Arbeiten fUr die Wissenschaft nnd die offentliche Wohlfahrt. Voll- 
stiindiKe Uebersicht tiber eine MenterverwaUnnj;. 

Circular Deutschen Fischerei-Verein, Berlin. 1880, pp. 190-197. 
Alao, in Oesterreichiech^Ungarieche Fiecherei'Zeitung, Ylenna, iv. 1881, pp. 7, 
15, 20 (January 1, 8, 16.) 

GooDE; George Brown. Game Fishes of the United States, by S. A. Kil- 
bonrne ; text by G. Brown Goode. New York : Published by Charles 
Scribner's Sons, 1879-'8a-'81. 
Folio, pp. (40), 20 plates and map«. 

Fabliahed in ton parts, each witii two plates, lithographs in water*color, and 
fonr pages folio of text. 

Describes twenty of the most iipportant types of fishes, with constant referenoes 
to the History of American Fisheries. 

GooDE, George Brown. Epochs in the History of Fish Culture. 

Trans. Amer. Fish Cultural Aatociation, 1881, pp. 34-67. 
Also, in Report U. 9. Fish Commission, Part vii. 

A historical review of fish culture, from the discovery of the art by Jacob!, in 

GooDE, George Brown. Statistics of American Fisheries submitted to 
the Superintendent of the Tenth Census : 

' Census Bulletin (1) No. 176. Preliminary Report upon the Pacific States and 
Territoriea. Prepared by Mr. G. Brown Goode from returns of Special Agents 
Jordan, Swan, and Bean. Dated May 24, 1881. 4to, pp. 6 (x 2). 

Census Bulletin (2) No. 261. Statistics of the Fisheries of the Great Lakes. 
Prepared by Mr. Frederick W. True from notes of Special Agent Kumllon. Dated 
September 1, 1881. 4to, pp. 8. 

Census Bulletin (3) No. 278. Statistics of the Fisheries of Maine. Prepared by 
Mr. 11. E.Earll from his own notes and those of Mr. C. G. Atkins. Dated Novem- 
ber 21, 1881. 4to. pp. 47 (4-1). 

Census Bulletin (4) No. 281. Statistics of the Fisheties of Virginia. Prepared 
by Col. Marshall McDonald. Dated December 1, 1881. 4to, pp. 8. 

Censu-s Bulletin (5) No. 291. Statistics of the Fisheries of New Hampshire, 
Rhode Island, and Connecticut. Prepared by Mr. A. Howard Clark. Dated April 
5, 1882. 4to, pp. 7 (+1). 

Census Bulletin (6) No. 205. Statistics of the Fisheries of Massachusetts. Pre- 
pared by Mr. A . Howard Clark from retum:) of Special A|;enta, Wilcox, Clark, True, 
Collins, and Atwood. Dated March 1, 1882. 4to, pp. 35 {+!). 

Census Bulletin (7) No. 297. Commercial Fisheries of the Middle Slates. Pre- 
pared by Mr. R. K. Earll and Col. M. McDonald. Dated June 5, 1882. 4to, pp. 
14. (This bulletin includes statistics of No. 4, C. B. No. 281.) 


Gesisiis Bulletin (8) No. 298. Commeroial Fisheries of the Soathern AtlMitto 
States. Prepared by Hr. R. B. BacU and Colonel McDonald. Dated June 5, 188S 
4to, pp. 18. 

Jn all 148 pages, quarto. 

In addition to these, certain special tables have appeared : 

(9) Statistical table. Table showing by States the persons employed, capital 
Invested, and value of products in the oyster industry. 

(10) Statistical table. Stotistics of the Fisheries of the United States in 1880. 
Prepared by Messrn. Goode and Earll from the reports* of the special agents. 
Printed in the Compendium of the Tenth Census, p. 1402. pp. 2. Reprinted in 
Bulletin of the United States Fish Commission, YoL in, 1888, pp. 270-271, and in Pre- 
liminary Catalogue International Fisheries Exhibition faoiog p. & 

(11) Statistical table. Table showing by States the quantity of Spanish Mack- 
erel taken in 1880, and the total catch for the United States. By B. Edward Barll. 
Report United States Fish Commission, Part viii, 1880, p. 416. 

(12) Statistical siuumary. (Statistics of the Davis Strait Halibut Fishery.) By 
Newton P. Soudder. Report United States Fish Commission. Part viii, pp. 190-192. 

(13) Statistical summary. (Statistics of the Sword-flsh Fishery.) By G. Brown 
(j(oode. Report United States Fish Ck)mmission, Part vni, pp. 361-387. 

(14) Statistical summaries. Statistics of the Mackerel Fishery in 1880. By R. 
Edward Earll. Report United States Fish Ck)mmiasiob, Part IX, p. (124) (127). 

Statistics of the Mackerel Canning Industry. , By R. Edward EarlL Ibid., p. 

Statistics of the Inspection of Mackerel from 1804 to 1880. By A. Howard Clark. 
Ibid,, pp. (162) (213). 

Vessels in the Mackerel Fishery in 1880. Ibid., p. 418. 

Catch of Mackerel by Americans in Canadian Waters, 1873-'81. Ibid., p. (430). 

(15) Statistical summary. (Statistics of the use of Fish Guano as a fertilizer.) 
By Charles W. Smiley. Report United States Fish Commission, Part ix, pp. 073- 

(16) Statistical summary. (A Statistical review of the production and distribu- 
tion to public waters of young fish by the United States Fish Commission from its 
organization in 1871 to the close of 1880.) By Charles W. Smiley. Report United 
States Fish Commission, Part iz, pp. 826-842. 

Goods, George Brown. Notes on the Life History of the Eel, chiefly de- 
rived from a study of recent European authorities. 

BulUtin U. S. lUh OommissUm, I, pp. 71-124. 

Also, in Procesdinga Afnerican Fith Cultural AtMeiatlon, 1881, pp. 81-123. 

GooDE, George Brown. The Fisheries of the World. 

The Cfyelopeedia <if Political Economy, etc., Chicago, ii, pp* 211*231. 

GoODE, George Brown, joint author. The Winter Haddock Fishery of 
New England. 

BuJOetin U. S. Fiih Committion, I, pp. 226-236. 

GoopB, George Brown. Bibliographies of American Naturalists. 1. The 
Published Writings of Spencer Fullerton Baird/ 1843-1883. By George 
Brown Goode, Assistant Director of the National Museum, Washington : 
€k>vemment Printing Office, 1883. 
8vo, pp. i-xvi, 1-377(1), with portrait. 
A biography is prefixed. 

The bibliography covers nearly forty years of the work of the most prolific writer 
among American naturalists, and relates to very important adminittratiye liter- 
ature as well. 

Goode, George Brown. Materials for a History of the Sword Fishes. 

Report V. 8. Oommitnoner Fith and Fitheriet, Part vni, pp. 100, and 30 plates. 
Goode, George Brown. Statistics of the Fisheries of the United States 
in 1880. 

Compendium of the Tenth Census, Part u, Table gyI, ^-3, pp. 140, 188S. 


Goods, Gborge Brown. The FiBheries of the United States. 

Ojficial Cataloguet Chreat IiUemaUofwl Fithery , Exkibitionf Iiondon, 188S, pp; 

GOODE, George Brown. A Review of the Fishery ladostries of the 
United States and the Work of th&U. S. Fish Commission. By G. Brown 
Goode> M. A., Assistant Director of the U. S. National Mnseum, and 
Commissioner to the International Fisheries Exhibition, London, 1883. 
Bead at a conference of the International Fisheries Exhibition, June 
25, 1883, his excellency James Rnssell Lowell in the chair. London : 
WiUiam Clowes &. Sons, Limited, International Fisheries Exhibition, 

and 13 Charing Cross, S. W., 1883. 
ftro, pp. 1-S4. 

Alao. in The FUJuriu SxhibUion Literature, London, 1B8B, VoL v, pp. 3-^. 
Fall t^xt, with remarlu of Professor Huxley, Mr. £«rU, the Marqnia of Exeter, 
the Marqals of Hamilton, and Mr. James KoiweJl LowelL 

Goods, George Brown, joint author. The Mackerel Fishery of the 
United States. ■ • 

(Materials for a History of the Mackerel Fishery. 1883, pp. (i8)-<118).) 

Goods. George Brown, Joint author. Materials for a history of the 
Mackerel Fishery. By George Brown Goode, Joseph W. Collins, R. £. 
Earll, and A. Howard Clark. Washington: Government Printing 
Office, 1883. 

7817. 8vo,pp.tll-[441]. 

Extracted ttom the AnnvuA Beport of the Oommisaionar of Fith and Fi$herietfor 

OooDE, George Brown, Joint aathor. Bibliography of the Writings of 
the Alumni and Facalty of Wesleyan University. 

Alumni Record of WeeUyan Vhivertity, Middletown. 1883, pp. 52»-668, 

Goods, George Brown. Department of the Interior, U. S. National Mu- 
seum. Bulletin of the U. S. National Museum, No. )i7. Descriptive 
catalogues constituting a report u^ion the exhibit of the fisheries and 
fish culture of the United States of America, made at the London Fish- 
eries Exhibition, 1883. Prepared under the direction of G^. Brown 
Goode, U. S. Commissioner, and a staflf of associates. Washington : 
Government Printing Office, 1884. 
8to, pp. 1-1279. (S. I. series, Ko. 511.) 

OdoDB, George Brown, editor. United States Commission of Fish and 
Fisheries. Spencer F. Baird, Commissioner. The Fisheries and Fishery 
Industries of the United States. Prepared through the co-operation of 
the Commissioner of Fisheries and the Superintendent of the Tenth 
Census. By George Brown Goode, Assistant Director of the U. S. Na- 
tional Museum, and a Staff of Associates. Washington : Government 
Printing Office, 1884. 

These volQipea, althoagh dated 1884, were not actually published aotil 1885. 

Sectiok L Natural History of Useful Aquatic Animals, with an atlas of 277 
plates. Text. 4to, pp. xxxiv+886. 

8xc. n. A Gtoographical Review of the Fishery Industries and Fishins Commu- 
nities for the year 1880. 1887. pp. i-ix, (1) 1-787 (1). 

8ec. m. The Fishing Grounds of North America, with forty-nine charts . Edited 
by Kichard Rathbun. 1887. pp. i-X>in, 1-238, 

Sec. IV. The Fishermen of the United States, by GeorgeBrown Goode and Joseph 
W. Ck>lUns. 1887. pp. 1-178. 


Sbc. y. History and Methods of the Fiaheriea. In two volomei. [Edited by A. 
Howard Clark), with an atlaa ob 255 platea. YoL 1, 1S87, pp. I-JUOI, 1-^8. YoLu, 
1807, pp. 1-881. 

Seotiona iii and iv are hoond in one volame. Thia work ia atill in progreaa. 
The paria enamerated above compoee five volames of text and two of platea— ^even 
in all. 

Goods, George Browx. Article *' Oyster Industry." 

SncyOopcBdia BriUanniea, 9th edition, xviii, pp. 107-110. 

Alao, in abatract : BuUeHn 27. S. Fuh Oommutum, iv. pp. 4G&-4C9 ; Proeeeding^qf 
Ameriean Fish CuUural Association, 18M, pp. 146-148. 
Seienee, in, 720.' 

GooDEi George Brown. Fishery Treaties. 

Cydopasdia of PoUtieal Economy, Chicago, m, 1884, pp. 9^11-44. 

A review of the treaty reUtiona of Great Britain and the United States. 

'Goode, George Browk. De Forenede uord amerikanske Staters Fiskeri- 

Piskcritidende, Copenhagen, No. 16, April 14, 1886^ pp. 133-136; and No. 17, April 
28. 1885, pp. 149-150. 
Tranalated into the Daniah language. 

Goods. George Brown. The status of the United States Fish Commissioii 
in 18d4. A review of what has been accomplished in fish-culture^ and 
the investigation of the American Fisheries. By G. Brown Goode, As- 
sistant Director of the U. S. National Museum. Washington : Govern- 
ment Printing Office, 1884. 
8vo, pp. 1-42. 

Extracted from the Annual Report of the Oommisticnsr of Fish and Fisheries 
for 1884. 
Gk>ODE, George Brown. Article <' Pisciculture.'' 1885. 

Encydopasdia Britannica, xix, pp. 126-129. 

Goods, George Brown, joint author. On the American Fishes in the 
Linnsean Collection. 

Proceedings XT. 8. Nationdl Mxisewrn, vui, Jnne 8, 1885, pp. 193-208L 
A review of the work of the Swediah naturaliat upon the colleotiona aent him at 
the middle of the eighteenth century by Dr. Alexander Garden, of Charleaton, S. 
C. the collection atill being in exiatence in the library of the Lioseiui Society of 

Goods, Georgk Brown. A brief biography of the Halibut 

American Naturalist^ xix. No. 10, October, 1885, pp. 95a-009. 
Alao aa a aeparate pamphlet. 

Goods, George Brown. The Beginnings of Natural History in America. 
An address delivered at the sixth anniversary meeting of the Biolog- 
ical Society of Washington, by G. Brown Goode, President of the So- 
ciety. Wa8hiu<;ton : Printed for the Society, 1886. 

8vo, pp. 35-105. 

From the Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington, Vol HI, 1884-*86. 
Alao iu Smithsonian Miscellaneous Collections. 

A diacusaion of the work of the earlieat natoraliata and explorera, and of the 
origin of acientiflo inatitntiona in America. 

GooDE, George Brown. Scientific Men and Institutions in America. 

The Epoch, New York, i, pp. 487-489, June 24, 1887. . 

Goods, George Brown. American Fishes. A popular treatise upon the 
Game and Food Fishes of North America with special reference to 
habits and methods of capture. By G. Brown Goode, Assistant Secre- 
tary of the Smithsonian Institution, Corresponding Member of the 



Zoological Society of London, the Deutsche Fischerei-Verein, the Na- 
tional Fish Calture Association of Great Britain, the Northern Fish- 
eries Society of Japan, etc., etc., late United States Commissioner of 
Fisheries, and Commissioner to the International Fishery Exhibitions 
in London and Berlin. With numerous illustrations. New York : 
Standard Book Co., 1688. 
Koyal 8vo, pp. i-xvi, 1-496. 

Keviewed in Science, Junel; The New York Tribune, Jane 12; The New York 
Timee^ June 17; The Epoch, June 29; Th€ Nation, June 21; The New York Evening 
Poeti July 10; Pormtat Seienee Monthly, Aagnst ; Forest and Stream, July 6 ; Amer- 
ican Angler, July; American Naturaliet, August; The Now YorkStar, July 15; The 
New York Sun, May 27; Magazine American HUtory, August; The New York 
Journal, August 12 ; The San I^anciiteo Breeder and Sportman, July 21 ; Shootit^ 
and Fishing, Novembers; The Spectator, London, June, 1889; Nature, London, 
1888, etc. 

A book on the babits and nses of flsbes. written from the biatorical standpoint; 
with constant references to the history of zoology and of the flsberies. 

Goods, Georgk Brown. The Whales and Porpoises [of North America]. 
The Fi»heries and Fishery Industries of the United States, Sec. I, Part I, JH>- 7-Sl. 
Plates Ull. 
Contains frequent bistorioal references. 

GooDE, George Brown. The Food- fishes of the United States. 

The Fisheries and Fishery Industries of the United States,Sec I, Part m,pp. 169- 
882, 218 plates [35-252]. 

In this part aro included articles by David S. Jordan, Marshall McDonald, Tarle- 
ton H. Beau, R. I. Geare and others, which are referred to under names of authors 
with related plates. The whole subjeot is treated from the historical stand-point. 

GoODE, George Brown, joint author. The Fishermen of the United States. 
The Fisheries and Fishery Industries of the United States, Sec. it, 1887, pp. 1-129, 
13 plates. 

GoODE, George Brown, joint author. The Mackerel Purse-seine Fishery. 
The Fisheries and Fuhery Industries of the United Statis, Sec. X, Vol. i, 1887, 
pp. 245-304. 27 plates. . 

Goods, George Brown. The Swordfish Fishery. 

The Fisheries and Fishery Industries of the UniUd States, Seo. v. Vol. I. 1887, pp. 
315-326, 2 plates. 

GooDE, George Brown, joint author. The Menhaden Fishery. 

The Fisheries and Fishery Industries of the United States, Seo. V, Vol. I, lfi87, 
pp. 327-415, 32 plates. 

Goode, George Brown, joint author. The Fresh Halibut Fishery. 

The Fisheries and Fishery Induttries of the UniUd States, Sec. v, Vol. 1, 1887, 
pp. 1-89, 22 plates. 

GooDE, George Brown, joint author. The Bank Haud^line Cod Fishery. 

The Fisheries and Fishery Industries of the UniUd States, Sec. v. Vol. I, 1887, 
pp. 121-133, 2 plates. 

Goods, George Brown, joint author. The Labrador and Gulf of Saint 
Lawrence Cod Fisheries. 

The Fisheries and Fishery Industries of the United States, Sec. v, Vol. i, 1887, pp. 
133-187, 5 pUtes. 

Goods, George BrOwn, joint author. The George's Bank Cod Fishery. 
The Fisheries and Fishery Industries of the United States, Seo. v. Vol. i, 1887, pp. 
187-198, 6 plates. 

GoODE, Gkorgk Brown, joint author. Haddock Fishery of New England. 
The Fisheries and Fishery Industries of the United States, Sec. v. Vol. i, 1887, pp. 
234-241. 3 plates. 


Gk>ODE, Georos Brown. The Beginnings of American Science. The 
Third Century. An address delivered at the eighth anniversary meet- 
ing of the Biological Society of Washington, by G. Brown Goode, 
President of the Society. Washington : Printed for the Society, 1383. 

8vo, pp. fr-94. 

From the Proceedings of the Biological Society of Weuhington, Vol. iv. 1880-'88. 

GooDB, George Brown. An Interesting Dialogne, in 1676, between Bacon 
'* The Rebel " and John Goode of " Whitby." 

Magazine qf American History, xvni, November, 1877, pp. 418-422. 

A ;etter written to Sir William Berkeley by John Goode, a YirfoniA planter, 
giving ill dialogue form "the fall sabatanee of a diaoonrse " between himself and 
Nathaniel Baoon, which seems to indicate that Bacon wan from the beginning of 
hia career in Virginia a seditious personage, and that his rebellion was not the re* 
suit of Berkeley's failure to aupport the colonists in their efforts to repel the in- 
cnrsioAS of the Indians, as Bacon's admirers have sometimes argued, but was pre> 
meditated. Dialogue quoted in fall from Colonial Entry Book (Public Records 
Office, London), Vol. LXXI, pp. 232-240. 

QooDEy George Brown. Memories of Professor Baird. 

The Ohautauqitan, ix, October, 1888, pp. 21-24. 

GooDE; George Brown. A Brief Biographical Sketch of Professor Baird. 

Report qf the Secretary of the Smithsonian Institution for 1887-'8S, pp. 7!^>89. 

Goode, George Brown. Virginia Cousins. A study of the ancestry and 
posterity of John Goode of Whitby, a Virginia colonist of the Seven- 
teenth Century, with notes upon related families. A key to southern 
genealogy, and a history of the English surnames Gode, Gond, Gonde, 
or Good, from 1148 to 1887. By G. Brown Goode, with a preface by 
R. A. Brock, secretary of the Virginia and Southern Historical Society. 
[Coat of Arms.] Richmond, Virginia: J. W. Randolph & English, 

Sm. 4to, pp. i~xxxvi. 1^26. Many portraits. 

Reviewed in Magazine of American History, zxi, pp. 174,175; Xew Sngland 
Historic —Oenealogical Register ; Southern Churchman, September 6. 1888; Oen- 
tnU Presbyterian, Richmond, September IS, 1888 ;* Qlottcestershire (England) Ifote* 
and Queries, January, 1889. 

In the study of the American branch of the family an attempt has been made to 
trace in female as well as in male lines all the descendants for eight generations 
of a Virginia colonist who settled on the frontier near the falls of the James aboat 

Incidentally, in connection with the index, a Icey is given to the literature of ail 
Southern genealogy, and a catalogue of Virginia fomilies which claimed the rlf^ht 
to use coats of arms. 

Pedigrees, covering at least three generations, are given Ibr the following Vir- 
ginia families : 

Alexander, firockenbrongh, Fry, 

Andrews, BurweU, Gaines, 

Bacon, Capehart, Garland, 

BafiTwell, Carlin, Ooode, 

Ball, Carriugton, Gordon, 

Baptist, Gary, Green, 

Barksdale, Chapman, Harriet^ 

BaskennUc, Claiborne,- Harrison, 

Beck, Clarke, Henry, 

Belsches, Collier, Holt (of Oa.), 

Bland, Daniel, Horaeley, 

Blencoe. Dawson, Iverson, 

Boiling [Pocahontas], Duron, Isard (of S. C), 

Botta. Dupuy, Jeferson, 

Bouldiu, Egqleston, Jones, 

Boyd, Fairfax, Lemoine, 

Branch, Feiid, Lyle, 

Brent, Finch, McKay, 






Posey, ' 











Also biographical notices of the following persons in pablic life: 

Joeiah B. Abbott, of Tirglnia. 11793-1849.] Editor of the Kiohmond Whig. 

Judge Gamett Andrews, of Georgia. [1798-1873.] With portrait. 

Col. Gamett Andrews, C. S. A., of Chattanooga. [1837+.] Colonel of Eighth 
Georgia Battalion. 

Fannin Andrews, of Macon, Ga. il8JH)+. ] Novelist. 

Col. Franklin K. Beck, C. S. A. of Alabama. [1814-1804.] Killed in battle at 
* ' Sesaca.^' Colonel of Twenty-third Alabama Infantry. 

Hon. James W. Bouldin. 

Col. George W. Brent, C. S. A., of Alexandria. fl821«187^.] Chief of Staff to 
General Bragg. 

Brig. Gen. Goode Bryan, C.8. A. [1811-1885.} Brigadier-Generat Georgia in- 
fantry. [ Portrait. ] 

MiU- Gen. W. P. Carlin, U. a A. [1829+.] With portrait. 

Henry Chadwiok, of Kew York. [1824+.] Journalist. 

Col. John Lyle Clarke, C. S. A. [1833+.] Colonel of "Clarke's Battalion of 

Col. Powhatan Clarke, C. S, A. [1836+.] Professor in Baltimore City College, 
r Portrait.] Chief of Ordnance Department of Alabama and Mississippi. 

General Alfred Camming. C. 8. A. [1829+.] ^ Brigadier-General Georgia 

Hon. Joseph B. Camming, of Georgia. [1838+.] Colonel of Georgia Infantry. 

Hon. John Warwick Daniel, of Virginia. [1842+.] U. S. Seaator. With 

Bennett M. DeWitt, of Virginia. Journalist. 

General W. S. Fisher, of Texas. [1810-45.] General of Texas troops, and Sec- 
retary of War of the Texan Republic. 

Col. S. Baasett French, C. S. A., of Virginia. [1827+.] Aide toGovemor Letcher, 
of Virginia. 

Hon. Philip Goode Gillett, LL. D. [1833+.] Superintendent of the Illinois 
Institution for the Deaf and Dumb. With portrait 

Col. C. T. Goode, C. S. A., of Georgia. [1835-75.] Miyor Tenth Georgia Infantry ; 
Nineteenth Georgia Cavalry ; Colonel Tenth Confederate Cavalry. 

Col. Edmund Goode, C. S. A. ,'1825~'62.] Colonel Fifty-eighth Virginia Infantry. 
Died in service. 

CoL Edmund J. Goode, C. S. A. f 1822-'87.] Colonel Seventh Mississippi Infantry. 

Hon. J6hn Goode, LL. D., of Virginia. [1829+.] Member of Congress— Solici- 
tor-General of the United States. 

Col. J. Thomas Goode, C. S. A., of Virginia. [1835+.] Colonel Thirtyfoarth 
Virginia Infantry. [Portrait.] 

Judge Patrick Gaines Goode. of Ohio. [1798-1862.] Portrait. Member of Con- 
gress, 1833-1843. 

Col. Robert Goode. of the Virginia Continental Army. [ 1743-1809. ] 

Hon. Samuel Goode, M. C, of Virginia. [175^1822.] [Portrait] Member of 
Congress. 1799-1801. 

Col. Thomas F. Goode, C.S. A., of Virginia. [1825+.] [Portrait] Colonel Second 
Virginia Cavalry. 

Rev. William H. Goode, D. D.; [1807-1879.] Pioneer Missionary of the M. £. 
Church; Author; Indian Philanthropist. [Portrait] 

Hon. William O. Goode, of Virginia. [1798-1859.] [Portrait] Member of Con- 
gress, 1841-'43, 1853-'59. 


General Alexander A. Greene, C« S. A. [1844-1864.] Killed in battle before 
Atlanta, Brigadier-General of Alabama Infantry. 

William Waller Hening, of Virf^inia. [1750-1828.] Historian; Author of Virginia^ 
Statutes at Large. 

Col. Arthur Herbert, C. S. A. Colonel of Seventeenth Virginia Infantry. 

Hon. Benjamin H. Bill, of Georgia. U. S. Senate. 

Jndge ThaddensGoode Holt. Jr.. of Georgia. [1837-1886.] Confederate Cavalry 
Officer; Journalist. 

Jndge Thaddens Goode Holt, of Georgia. [ 1793-1873. ] Solicitor-General of GeorgiaL. 

Gen. Alferd Ivorson, C.S. A. [1829+.] [Portrait.] Brigadier General of Cav- 

Hon. Alfred Iverson, of Georgia. [1799-1873.] U.S. Senate. 

Col. B. W. Johnson. C. S. A., of Arkansas. [18254-.J Colonel Fifteenth Arkansas 

Col. Thomas Goode Jones, of Alabama. fl846-f .] Governor of Alabama, and 
" Commander of Alabama Troops. [Portrait.] 

Col. William Bice Jones, C S. A. [1810+.] Staff of General Magmder. 

Lieut. Lafayette Maynaid, IT. S. N. [1819-1876.1 Officer in Mexican War, and 
California Pioneer. [Portrait.] 

General James L. Minor, of Missouri. [1813+.] Secretary of State, and State 
Superintendent of Schoolsr 

General Isaac Monroe St John, C.S.A. [1828-1880.] Commissary-General of 
the Confederacy; Civil Engineer. 

Betsy Hening Schermerhom, of Virginia. Poet. 

Hon. William C. Sherrod, M. C, of Alabama [1881+.] 

Col. G. P. Smoots, C. S. A. Tennessee Infantry. 

Hon. Charles Tait, of Georgia. [1767-J885.] IT. S. Senate 

Capt. Seth Brett Thornton, IT. S. A. [1815-1847.] Killed before Mexico, An* 
gust 18, 1847, leader of the first engagement in the Mexican War. [Portrait.] 

Col. W. J. Vason, C. S. A., of Georgia. Tenth Confederate Cavalry. 

GooDR, George Brown. The Depths of the Ocean. 

Atlantic Monthly, zill. January, 1889, pp. 124-128. 

A review of Alexander Agassiz's " American Thalaesographj," with a historioal 
sketch of the deep-sea work of the Agassiz, father and son, in connection with the 
U. S. Coast Survey. 

Goode, George Brown. Mnseura History and Mnseums of History. A 
paper read before the American Historioal Association, in Washington, 
D. C, December 26-28, 1888, hy G. Brown Goode, LL. D., Assistant 
Secretary of the Smithsonian Institution in charge of the National Ma- 
seam. New York: The Knickerbocker Press, 1889. 

Reprinted ft^m the Papert of the American Hittorical AMtoeiation, Vol. iii, 
8vo, pp. 253 (407). 276 (519). 

Goode, George Brown. The Origin of the National Scientific and Edaca- 
tional Institutions of the United States. By Dr. G. B^wn Goode, 
Assistant Secretary of the Smithsonian Institution, in charge of the 
U. S. National Museum. New York and London: G. P. Pntnani's 
Sons. The Knickerbocker Press, 1890. 

8vo. pp. 112. 

Bepdnted from the Papert of the American Historical Attodation. \ 

Goode, George Brown. The Color of Fishes. An Essay read at the 
Philadelphia Meeting of the American Fisheries Society, May 16, 1890. 
By G. Brown Goode. Philadelphia, l^i'MK 

8vo, pp. 8. 

Beprinted from the Trantaetiont of the Amertean Piaheriet Soeitly. 

Goods, George Brown. The Literary Labors of Benjamin Franklio. 
An Address delivered before the American Philosophical Society at the 


Commemorfttion of the One Hundredth Anniversary of the decease of 
its illustrious Founder and first President, April 17, 1890. By G. Brown 
Croode, Assistant Secretary of the Smithsonian Institution. Philadel- 
phia, 1890. 

8to, pp. 21. 

From the Proeeedingg of thf American PhUoiophical Society, Vol. xxviii. 

6oULD| Elgin Ralston Lovell. Historical and Political Science Studies. 
Johns Hopkins Uui versi ty . Series 1 , No. 3. Local Govern ment in Penn- 
sylvania, by £. R. L. Gould, Ph. D. Baltimore: Murphy d& Co., 1882. 

Graham, Albert A. An Historical Atlas and History of Indiana, Histo- 
ries of Counties in Southern Portion, including History of the French 
Settlements. Chica^^o, III.: A. L. Baskin&Co., 1876. 
pp. 750, maps and platea. 

Graham, Albert A. History of De Kalb County, Illinois. Chicago: H. 
F. Kett & Co., 1877.- 

8vo, pp. 450, maps and platea. 

Graham, Albert A. History of- Warren County, Hlinois. Chicago, HI. : 
H. F. Kett & Co., 1877. 
pp. 362, mape and plates. 

Graham, Albert A. History of Logan County, Illinois. Chicago, 111. ! 
Donnelley, Loyd & Co., 1878. 
pp. 5S8, maps and plates. 

Graham,. Albert A. The Atheusof the West, Jacksonville, HI. Hlustrated. 

Potter' t A merican Monthly, October, 187S. 

Graham, Albert A. Yincennes, Ind. A Century. Illustrated. 
rotter's American Monthly; March and April, 1870. 

Graham, Alberi A. The Pioneer Railroad of the West. Hlustrated. 

Potter'e American MonUdy, July, 1879. 

Gr\ham, Albert A. History of Morgan County, III. Chicago, 111. : Don- 
nelley, Loyd A Co., 1879. 
6to, pp. 768, maps and plates. 

Graham, Albert A. History of Coles County, Illinois. Chicago, 111. : O. 
L. Baskin &. Co., 1879. 
pp. 450, mai»fl and plates. 

Graham, Albert A. History of Ottawa, La Salle, and Peru, and the Il- 
linois River, in various county histories. Chicago, HI. : H.F. Kett d& 
Co., 1879. 

870, maps and plates. 

Graham, Albert A. The Home of John Sherman, Mansfield, Ohio. Illus- 

Potter's American Monthly, Aagast, 1879. 

Graham, Albert A. History of Richland County, Ohio. Mansfield, 
Ohio: A. A. Gresbam, 1880. 
pp. 900, maps and plates. 
1,200 copies. 

Graham, Albert A. History of Licking County, Ohio. Newark, Ohio : 
A. A. Graham, 1880. 

pp. 450, maps and platea. 
800 copies. 


Graham, Albert A. History of Knox County, Ohio. Newark, Ohio : A. 
A. Graham, 1881. 

8ro, pp. 862, mapfl and platiw. 

Graham, Albkrt A. History of Coshocton Connty, Ohio. Newark, Ohio: 
A. A. Graham. 1882. 

8ro, pp. 050, maps and plates. 
1,100 copies. 

Graham, Albert A. History of Fairfield and Perry Counties, Ohio. Chi- 
cago, 111. : J. H. Beers & Co., 1883. 

pp. 900. 
800 copies. 

Graham, Albert A. Starved Rock. Fort St. Louis on the Illinois. The 
First trading post of the French in the Illinois Country. Illustrated. 
Magazine of WeHem Higtory, November, 1885. 

Graham. Albert A. Francis C. Sessions. A biography. 

Magazine of We»tem History, May, 1886. < 

Graham, Albert A. The Refugee Tract (Lands) in Ohio. 
Magazine of Wettem lliMtory, December, 1?86. 

Graham, Albert A. 'The beginning of Legislation in the North West 
• Territory. 

Ohio ArchoBologieal and UiMtorieal Quarterly, Vol. i, 1887. 

Also, in same series, The Preservation of Pnblio Documents. Vol. n, 1888. A 
Documentary History of OIjIo. Vol. ii, 1888, and Various Reports, Vols, i and II. 
Also in miscellaneous hiKtorical articles in Ohio State Journal, 1884, 1886, 1886, 
1887. 1888. 

Grren, Samuel Abbott. American Annals of the Deaf and Dumb. Vol. 
XIII, No. 1. March, 1861. The Earliest Advocate of the Education of 
Deaf-Mutes in America. By Samuel A. Green, M. D., of Boston, Mass. 

8vo, pp. 32. 

Green, Samuel Abbott. Percival and Ellen Green. 

8vo, pp. 5, 

Reprinte<l from The NetoEngland Hittorical and Oenealogieal Regitter for April, 
1881. Vol. XV, pp. 105-109. 

Green, Samuel Abbott. My Canipaigns in America: A journal kept by 
Count William de Dcux-Ponts, 1780-81. Translated from the French 
Manuscript, with an lutrodiiction'and Notes. By Samuel Abbott Green. 
Boston: J. K. Wi^gin and Wm. Parsons Lunt, 1868. 
8vo, pp. XVI (1), 17G. * 

Green, Samuel Abbott. Bibliography of the Massachusetts Historical 
Society. By Samuel A. Green, M. D. Reprinted from the Proceedings 
of the Massachiisf^tts Historical Society, 1871. Boston : Press of John 
Wilson 4fe Son, 1871. 
8vo, pp. 10. 

Read at a meotinc held .January 12, 1871, and reprinted from the Proceedings, 
Vol. XII, pp. 2-8. 

Green, Samuel Abbott. American Journal of Numismatics, and Bulletin 
of the American Numismatic and Archipolugical Societies. (Quarterly. 
Vol. V [to XXV]. July, 1870-Jnly, 1871. [Seal of the Boston Numis- 
matic Society.] Committee of Publication : William Sumner Appleton, 
Samuel Abbott Green, Jeremiah Colbnrn. Boston: Published by the 
Boston Numismatic Society, 1871. 


Obeek, Samukl Abbott. The Story of a Famoas Book : An acooimt of 
Dr. Beojamin Franklin's Autobiography. By Samuel A. 6reen, M. D. 
Boston : For Private Distribution, 1671. 

8to, pp. 14. 

This oriKinAHy Appeared in Ths Atlantic MtmtUy for February, 1871 (Vol. 
zxvii, pp. 207-212), under the title of " The Story of a Famoas Book." A small 
edition was reprintedt with the oohsent of the pobllshers of that magasine, for a 
few friends of the writer. 

Gbkrn, BiUTDEL Abbott. The Seventy-Fifth Annual Report of the Boston 
Dispensary, with the By-Laws, Act of IncorporatioUi etc. Prepared 
by Samuel A. Green, M. D^, Superintendent. Central office, Cor. of 
Ash and Bennet Streets. Boston, 1871. 

8to. pp. 24. 

Gbben, Samuel Abbott. Paul Lunt's Diary. May-December, 1775. 
Edited by Samuel A. Green, M. D. Boston : For Private Distribution, 

9vo, pp. 19. 

Extoaets from this diary were read at the meetinR of theKassaohnsetts Hiatorioa 
Society, Febnary 8, 1872, and it is published in fall in their Ptocedingt, YoL zil, 
pp. 192-207. 

A small edition was printed. 

Gbben, Samuel Abbott. School Histories and Some Errors in Them. By 
Samuel A. Green, M. p. Boston : For Private Distribution, 1872. 

8ro, pp. 7. 

This article originally appeared in Ths American EdtMUional Monthiy for 
June, 1872 (VoL ix, pp. 249-253). A few copies were reprinted. 

Grebn, Samuel Abbott. The Sanitary Condition nf Boston. The Report 
of a Medical Commission, consisting of Chas. E. Buckingham, M. D., 
Calvin Ellis, M. D., Richard M. Hodges, M. D., Samuel A. Green, M. D., 
and Thomas B. Curtis, M. D., appointed by the Board of Health of the 
City of Boston, to Investigate the Sanitary Condition of the City. Bos- 
ton : Rockwell and Churchill, City Printers, No. 39 Arch Street, 1875. 
Bro, pp. 199. 

Green, Samuel Abbott. The Report of the Council of the American Anti- 
quarian Society, made October 21, 1875, at Worcester. By Samuel A. 
Green, M. D. Worcester : Charles Hamilton, Printer, Palladium OGioe, 

8vo, pp.19. 

Reprinted from the Proceedir^, October 21, 1875, pages 11-27. 

Green, Samuel Abbott. Notice of M. Jean Fr^^ric de Waldeck. Read 
before the Massachusetts Historical Society, October, 1876. By Samuel 
A. Green, M. D. 

8to, pp. 3. 

Read at a meeting held October 12, 1876, and reprinted from the Proeeedingt, Vol. 
zv, pages 9, 10. 

Green, Samuel Abbott. An Account of Percival and Ellen Green and of 
some of their Descendants. By Samuel Abbott Green. Privately 
Printed. Groton, Massachusetts, 1876. 

8vo, pp. 67. 

S. Mi8. 170 17 


Qreen, Samuel Abbott. A Copy of the Laws of Harvard College, 1655. 
With an Introduction by Samuel A. Green, M. D . Cambridge : Press 
of John Wilson and Son, 1876. 
8to, pp. u. 

Reprinted from the Proceeding* of the MoBtaehuittU HiitorietU Society, Feb- 
ruary 10. 1876, Vol. XIV, pskgek 206-215. 

Gbeex, Samuel Abbott. Proceedings of the Centennial Celebration at 
Groton, Mass., July 4th, 1876, in Commemoration of the Destruc- 
tion of the Town, M&reb, 1876, and the Declaration of Independence, 
July 4, 1776. With an Oration by Samuel Abbott Green, M. D. Gro- 
ton, 1876. 

8vo. pp. xi, 4-89. 

Grbbn, Samuel Abbott. An Historical Address, Bi-Centennial and Cen- 
tennial. Deli vered July 4, 1876, at Groton, Massachusetts, by request of 
the Citizens. By Samuel Abbott Green, a native of the town. Groton, 

8vo, pp. 80. • 

Green, Samuel Abbott. An Historical Address, Bi-Centennial and Cen- 
tennial. Deliyered at Groton, Massachusetts, July 4, 1876, by request 
of the Citizens. By Samuel Abbott Green, a native of the town. Second 
Edition. Groton, 1876. 

8vo, pp. 89. /• 

Green, Samukl Abbott. A Brief Account of some of the Early Settlers of 
Grotou, Massachusetts. Being the Appendix to ** Groton Epitaphs.'' 
By Samuel A. Green, M. D. Groton, 1878. 

; 8vo, largo paper, pp. 28. 

30 copies printed in this form. 

Green, Samuel Abbott. Epitaphs from the Old Burying Ground in Gro- 
ton, Massachusetts. With Notes and an Appendix. By Samuel A. 
Green, M. D. Boston: Little, Brown, &, Company, 1878. 
8vo, pp. XIX (1), 271, 4 plates. 

Green, Samuel Abbott. An Account of the Early Land-Grants of Gro- 
ton, M.ossachusetts. By Samuel A. Green, M. D. Groton, 1879. 
8vo, pp.58 (1). 

Green, Samuel Abbott. The Town Records of Groton, Massachusetts. 
1662-1678. Edited By Samuel A. Green, M. 1^. Groton, 1879. 

8vo, pp. 46. 

Green, Samuel Abbott. An Historical Address delivered at Groton, 
Massachusetts, February 20, 1880, by Request of the Citizens, at the 
dedication of three Monuments erected by the Town. By Samuel Ab- 
bott Greeu, a native of the town. Groton, 1880. 

8vo, j>p. 56. 

Green, Samuel Abbott. The Early Records of Groton, Massachusetts. 
16()2-1707. Edited by Samuel A. Green, M. D. Groton, 1880. 
8vo. pp. 200 (1). 2 plates. 

Green, Samuel Abbott. Groton. By Samuel A. Green, M. D. 

History of Middlesex (hunty, Massachusetts, By Samuel Adams Drake. VoL I, 
Boston. Kass.. 4to, pp. 451-469. 

Green, Samuel Abbott. A Centennial Address. By Samuel Abbott 
Green, M. D., of Boston. Delivered in the Sanders Theatre, at Cam- 
bridge, June 7, 1881. 

Medical Oommunieations of the Massaehiuetts Medical Soeiety^ Vol. xUi BosioDa 
1881. 8vo. pp. 513-6S7. 


GfiESN, Samukl Abbott. History of Medicine in Massachnsetto. ' A Cen- 
tennial Address delivered before the Massachusetts Medical Society at 
Cambridge, Jane 7, 1861. By Samuel Abbott Green, M. D. Boston : 
A. Williams and Company, Old Corner Bookstore, 1681. 

8vo, pp. 131. 

A small edition of this addreu was priuted before its delivery, for the oonvenienoe 
of the writer; thoagh in its present form some ohAnges have since been made. It 
was delivered ^ the Sanders Theatre, when parts of it were necessarily omitted on 
account of its length. 

Green, Samuel Abbott. A Centennial Address delivered in the Santlers 
Tlieatre, at Cambridge, June 7, 1681, before the Massachusetts Medical 
Society. By Samuel Abbott Green, M. D. Groton : 1881. 
8vo, pp. ii2. 

This edition of the Address was printed before its delivery, for th6 oonrenience 
of the writer; portions of it, however, were necessarily omitted in the reading. « 

Green, Samuel Abbott. The Inaugural Address of Samuel Abbott Green, 
Mayor of Boston, to the City Council, January 2, 1682. Boston : Rock- 
well and Churchill, City Printers, No. 39 Arch Street, 1882. 

8\o. pp. U. 

Green, Samuel Abbott. The Inaugural Address of Samuel Abbott Green, 
Mayor of Bostou, to the City Council, January 2, 1882. Boston : Rock- 
well and Clmrchill, City Pri^^ters, No. 39 Arch Street, 18?2. 

8vo. pp. 14, 13. 

This edition contains the " Address of Charles £. Pratt, President of the Gom- 
ftion Goancil." 

GREEN, Samuel Abbott. Two Chapters in the Early History of Groton, 
Massachusetts. By Samuel Abbott Green, M. D. Boston : Press of 
David Clapp & Son, 1862. 
Rvo, pp. 10. 

RfepHnted from the Neio England Historical and Oeneaiogical Register for Janu- 
ary and April, 1882. Vol. xxxvi, pp. 21-28, 167-173. 

Green, Samuel Abbott. Groton in the Witohcraft Times. By Samuel 
A. Green, M. D. Groton, Mass., 1883. 
8vo, pp. 29. 

Greex, Sa.v£UEL Abbott. Inscriptions on the Bronze Tablets recently 
placed ou the Gates of the Older Burial Grounds in Bostou,;hu- 
setts. Prepared by Samuel A. Green. Cambridge: John Wilson & 
Son, University Press, 1883. 
8vo, pp. 8. 

Kcprinted from the Proceedings of the Massaekusetts Historical Society, May 10, 
1883. Vol. XX. pp. 209-213. 

Green, Samuel Abbotf. Grotou during the Indian Wars. By Samuel 
A. Green, M. D Groton, Mass., 18^. 


Green, Samuel Abbott. [Poem of Qhief Justice Samuel Sewall, January 

1, noi.] 

8vo, p. 1. 

Remarks made at a meeting of the Massachasetts Historical Society, January 
10, 1884, and reprinted from the Proceedings, vol. i, second series, pp. 13, 14. 

Green, Samuel Abbott. Au Historical Discanr8edjlivt3re.l before the First 
Congregatioual Society iu Harvard, Massachusetts, October 22, 1662, by 


Seth Chandler. With an Appendix by Sftmael A. Green, M. D. Boston, 
Ma88. : Geor};e £. Littlefield, Antiquarian Bookstore, 67 Cornhill,4884. 
8vo, pp. 28. 

Grrkn, Samuel Abbott. Notes on a Copy of Dr. Wm. Douglass's Al- 
inauack for 1743, tonching on the Subject of Medicine in Massachusetts 
before his time. By Samuel Abbott Groeu, M. D. Cambridge : John 
Wilson and Sou, Uuiversity Press, 18^. 

Svp, pp. 8. • 

ReatI at a meetinfr of t^e MaiiHachasetto HintoriciU Society, hold February 14, 
1884, and reprintecl from the Proceeding§, vol. n, seoond series, pp. 42-47 

Grken, Samuel Abbott. Remarks on the Early Appearance of the North- 
em Lights in New England. By Samuel Abbott Green, M. D. Cam- 
bridge : John Wilson and Son, University Press, 1885. 

8vo, pp. 7. 

Remarks made at a meeting of the^ACaaeachasetts Historical Society held Jane 
11, 1885, and reprinted from the Proceedings, vol. ll, second series, pp. 102-105. 

Green, Samuel Abbott. Catalogue of the Groton Pablic Library at.Gro- 
ton, Mass. Groton, 1885. 
8vo, pp. 102. 
Introd notion by Samuel A. Green, pp. 3-6. 

Green, Samuel Abbott. TNo. 2. ] Weymouth HiHtorical Society. His- 
torical Sketch of the Town of Weymouth, Massachusetts, from 16^ to 
1884. Complied by Gilbert Nash. [Preface by S. A. Green, pp. v, vi. ] 

8vo, pp. X, 346. 

Published by the town of Weymouth under the auspices of the Weymouth His- 
torical Society. 1885. 


Green, Samuel Abbott. The Boundary Lines of Old Groton. By Samuel 
A. Green, M. D, Groton, Mass., 1885. 
8vo, pp. 105, 3 maps. 
Edition, 200 copies. 

Green, Samuel Abbott. Report to the Legislature of Massachusetts, • 
made by the Commissioners appointed under Resolve, Chap. 60, 1884 
[Henry B. Pierce, Samuel A. Green, Justin Winsor, William P. Upham, 
Augustus E. Scott], upon the Condition of the Records, Files, Papers 
and Documents in the Secretary's Department. January, 1885. Boston :• 
Wright & Potter Printing Co., State Printers, 18 Post Office Square, ISa'x 

8vo, pp. 42. 

Green, Samuel Abbott. The Geography of Groton, Massachusetts. Pre- 
pared for the use of the Members of The Appalachian [Mountain] 
Club, oil a proposed visit to that town, Saturday, September 18, 1886. 
By Samuel A. Green, M. D. Groton, 1886. 

8vo, pp. 20. 

Green, Samuel Abbott. Report of Hon. Samuel A. Green, General Agent, 
pro tem. To the Trustees of the Peabody Education Fund. 

8to, pp. 20. 

This ^as made at the annual meeting, October 6, 1880, and was dated at Boston, 
October 1, 1886. 

Greek, Samuel Abbott. [ Mrs. Sarah ( Chaplin ) Rr ck wood's Recollections 

of Colonel William Prescott.] 
8vo, 1 p. 

Remarks made at a meeting of the Massachnsettii Historical Society, held June 
9, 1887. and reprinted ftom the Proceedings^ Vol. HI, second series, p. 320. 


Green, Samuel Abbott. Groton- Historical Seriea. k collection of papers 
relatiDg to the history of the town of Groton, Massachusetts. By 
Samuel Abbott Green, M. D. Vol. i. Groton, 18d7. 
8vo, pp. Tili [502]. 

ThiA volnme oonaista of twenty pamphletn on Tsrioaa irabjects, separately paged, 
that have been iMoed at different times dnring th6 preoeding three yean. 

Grekx, Samuel Abbott. Report of Hon. Samuel A. Green, General Agent 
pro tera. To the Trustees of the Peabody Education Fund. 
8vo, pp. 28." ^ 

This was made at the annual meeting, October 5, 1886, and was dated at Boston, 
October 1, 1887. 

Green, Samuel Abbott. The Population of Groton at Different Times, 
with some notes on the Provincial Census of 1765. A Paper read before 
the Massachusetts Historical Society on May 10, 188H, and now Re- 
printed from Prdceedings. By Samuel Abbott Green, M. D. Cam- 
bridge : John Wilson and Son, University Press, 1888. 

8to, pp. 8. 

Reprinted from the Proceedings, voL iv. second series, pp. 136-140. 

Green,' Samuel Abbott, Cougregational Churches in Nova Scotia. By 
Samuel A. Green. [Reprinted from the Proceedings of the Massachu- 
setts Historical Society, February, 1868.] Cambridge . John Wilson and 
Son, University Press, 1888. 

8vo, pp.9. 

Read at a meeting held February 9, 1888^ and reprinted fW>m the Proeeedingt, toI. 
IV, second series, pp. 07-73. 

Gbebn, Hamuel Abbott. Hubbard's Map of New England, engraved 
probably by John Foster, the firnt printer of Boston. Remarlss made 
before the Maesaohnsetts Historical Society, November 6, 1888. By Sam- 
uel Abbott Green, M. D., with a Fac-simile of the map. Cambridge: 
John Wilson and Son, University Press, 1888. 
8to, pp. 10, 1 plate. 

The map is a lithographic copy, the same size as the original ' ' Wine Hills ' map. 
made by the Heliotype Printing Company, Boston. 

Green^ Samuel Abbott. Report of the Hon. Samuel A. Green, General 
Agent pro tempore. To t4ie Trustees of the Peabody Education Fund. 
8vo, pp. 24. 

This was made at the annual meeting, October 3, 1888, and was dated at Boston, 
October 3, 1888. 

Green, Samuel Abbott. An Account of the Collections of the American 
Statistical Association. 
8to, pp. 4. 

Reprinted from the PublieaHant of the American Statittieal Aseociation, Boston, 
new series. No. 7, September, 1889, pp. 328-330. 

Green, Samuel Abbott. Maverick's Account of New England. 
8vo,p. 1. 

Read-ata meeting of the Ma8sachusett» Historical Society, April 11, 1889, and re- 
printed from the Proeeedingg, Vol. iv, second series, pp. 330, 337. 

Green, Samuel Abbott. Remarks on a MS. Volume containing certain 
Minutes of the Massachusetts General Court, 1749, 1750. 
8vo, pp. 2. 

Read at a meeting of the Massachnsetts Historical Society, November 14. 1889, 
and reprinted ftrom tiie Proeeedingt, Vol. v, second series, pp. 114, US. 



GiiEEN, Samuel Abbott, ^me lodian Names. 

8vo, pp. 3. 

Bemarlu made at a meeting of the MasaachaaettB Hiatorical Sooietj, Hay 0, 1889, 
and reprinted fVom the Proeeedingi, VoL iv, second series, pp. 373, 374. 

Greex^ Samuel Abbott. Joarnal.kept by Sergeant David Holden, of 
Groton, Mass., dariftg the latter part of the French and Indian war, 
Febraary ^-November 39, 1760. With Notes and an In trod action by 
Samuel A. Green, M. D, Cambridge : John Wilson and Sou, University 
Press, 1889. 

8vo, pp.36w 

Read at a meeting of the HasaachiMetts Historical Society, held Jane. 13, 1889. 
and reprinted flrora the Proceedinffit Vol. iv, second series, pp. 384-409. 

Green, Samuel Abbott. Note-Book kept by Qapt. Robert Keayno^ an 
Early Settler of Boston. Remarks made before the Massachusetts His- 
torical Society, March 14, 1889. By Samuel Abbott Green, M. D. Cam- 
bridge: John Wilson and Son, University Press, 1889. 

8vo, pp. 7. 

Reprinted from the Proeeedingg, Vol. rv. second series, pp. 313-316. 

Green, Samuel Abbott. Note- Book kept by the Rev. William Brins- 
Diead, the First Minister of Marlborough. Mass. Remarks made before 
the Mas8aohnsett« Hintorical Society, February 14, 1889. fiy Samnel 
Abbott Green, M. D. Cambridge : John Wilson and Son, University 
Press, 1889. 

8vo. pp. 7. 

Reprinted from the Proeeedingt, Vol. iv, second series, pp. 298-302. 

Green, Samuel Abboti\ Remarks on Benjamin Tompson's Elegy on John 
Woodmaucy and Ezekiel Cheever. 
8vo. pp. 2, 1 pkkte. 

Read at a meeting^ of the Masi«achtigetts Historical Society, October 10, 1889. and 
reprinted from the Proceedingif Vol. v, second series, pp. 2, 3. The plate is a litho- 
graphic copy of the elei^y, the same size as the original, made by the Heliotype 
Printing Company, Boston. 

Green, Samuel Swett. Gleanings from the Sources of the History of 
the Second Parish, Woroester, Msssachusetts. From Proceedings of the 
American Antiquarian Society, April 25, 1883. Woroester : Press of 
Charles Hamilton, 311 Main street, 188^. 
8vo. pp. 22, 3 illoBtrations. 

Green, Samuel Swett. The use of the voluntary system in the mainte- 
nance of ministers in the colonies of Plymouth and Massachusetts Bay 
during the earlier years of their existence. The historical portion 
of the report of the council of the American Antiquarian Society, pre- 
sented at the semi-annual meeting of the Society held in Boston, April 
28, 1886. Worcester, Mass., U. S. A.: ^Press of Charles Hamilton, 311 
Main street, 1886. 
8vo. pp. 42. 

Reviewed in iho Oongregattonalist b3' Rev. Henry Martyn Dexter, D. D., and 
Unitarian Review, Vol. xxviii, July, 1887, pp. 20-^. 

GsEEN, Samuel Swett. Public Libraries of Worcester. 1889. 

8vo. pp 21. 

100 copies. 

Reprinted from Hiitory of Woreetter County, MauaehuteUt Compiled «inder 
the supervision of D. Hamilton Hurd. The paper constituted Chapter CLXXlii of 
that history. 


Griffis, WiLXiAM Elliot. The Recent Revolutions in Japan. 

North AfMnean Iteview, April, 1875. YoL cxx, No. CCXLVU. 

Gbiffis, Wiluam Elliot. Two Hnndred Yean of Church Life, 1680- 
1880. HistoTicaiDisoouree delivered in the First Reformed Church of 
Schenectady, N. Y., on the occasion of the Two Hundredth Anniver- 

• sary, June 20, 1880. The Schenectady First Church Memorial, 
Schenectady; N. Y. James H. Barhyte. 

.■MM) copies of the Memorial printed ; 25 copies of the aermon separately. 

Griffis, William Elliot. Corea, the Hermit Nation. I, Ancient and 
Mediaeval History. 11, Political and Social Corea. Ill, Modern and 
Recent History. New York : Charles Scribner's Sous, 1^82. 
8vo, pp. 474, map and 23 plates. 
Third edition, 18S9. 

.Printed in all, 2.500 copies. \ 

Reviews of this book by the leading periodicals in the United States, Great 
Britain, Japan, and China. 

Griffis, William Elliot. Arendt Van Cnrler, First Superintendent of 
Rensselaerwycb, Founder of Schenectady and of the Dotoh Policy of 
Peace with the Iroqnois. A paper read before the Albany Institute, 
November 18. 1884. 

The Proeeedingt of the Albany Inttitute. 
Separately printed, pamphlet 8vo, pp. 12. 
500 copies. 

The foiemnner of a volame, treating of Van Carter and the inflaence of Datoh 
^ civilization in America, upon the formation of the Qovemment. 

Griffis, Wiluam Elliot. Corea Without and Within. Chapters on 
Corean History^ Manners, and Religion, with Hendrick Ho wePs Narra- 
tive of Captivity and Travels in Corea. Annotated. • Philadelphia : 
Presbyterian Board of Publication, 1885. 

16mo, pp. 315, map and plates. 

Second edition, 1889. 1,500 copies. 

Griffis, William Elliot. The Rutgers Graduates in Japan. An Address 
Delivered in Kirkpatrick Chapel, Rutger's College, June 16, 1885. Al- 
bany : Weed, Parsons Sl Co., Printers, 1886. 
8vo, pp. 32. 
1,000 copies printed. 

Contains besides the address, which gives a survey of the political movements 
in Japan from 1808 to 1885, nine append icei* of personal, biblioc^aphioal, statistical, 
and historical matter, explaininja^ how the Japanes*) students first came to America, 
and especially to "Sew Brunswick, N.J. 

Gbiffis, William Elliot. Asiatic History. China, Corea, Japan. Chaa- 
tauqua Text- Books, No. 34. New York : Phillips apd Hunt. 
24mo. pp. 88. 

Griffis, William Elliot. Perry and the Battle of Lake Erie. 

Harper'e Weekly, September 12, 1885. 

Griffis, William Elliot. Commodore Matthew Calbraith Perry, A 

Typical American Naval Officer. 

Magazine o/ American History, May, 1885. Vol. xiii, No. 5. 

Griffis, William Elliot. The Mikado's Empire. Book I, History of 
Japan, from 660 B. C. to 1870 A. D. Book XX, Personal Experiences, 
Observations, and Studies in Japan, 1870-1874. Supplementary ohap- 


ters, Japan in 1883, and Japan in 1886. New York : Harper and BrcK 
there, Pablishere, 1876. 

8vo, pp. 857, 108 illafttantions, map. 
Sixth edition. 1889. In all, 5,100 oopiM. 

BeTiews in nearly all the leading pwiodicaU in the United States, and by aome in 
Boropa, Japan, China, etc 

Partially translated and republished in Japan. Has supplied scores of writers 
and book-makers on Japan with material. 

6RIFFI8, William Elliot. Manual and Directory of Shawmnt Congre- 
gational Church. Historical Sketch. Boston, 1887. 
8vo, pp. 6. 
1,500 copies. 

Okiffis, William Eluot. Matthew Calbraith Perry, A Typical Ameri- 
can Naval Officer. Boston : Cupples and Hurd, 1887. 
8vo, pp.450, 1 portrait, and 8 plates. 
1,000 oopiM printed. 

Generally reyiewed. See in Narratiw and Oritieal ffittory of Ameriea, Vol. vii, 
p. 413. The Nation also minutely eritioised the subject of " flogging" in a review 
of this book. 
Obiffis, Willlam Eluot. Oar Treaties with Japan. 
Aiidover Retfiew, Jane, 1888. 

Griffis, William Elliot. Representative Government in Japan. 

The Forum, Hay, 1889. 

Also, articles in enoyclopiedias as follows: "China,*' ** Japan," "Corea,"and 
other articles in (Lalor's) Oydopadia of Political tSdevice. "Japan "and other 
articles relating to Japan in TJhe American Oyclopcedia. "Japan," in American 
Supplement to Eneyelopcedia Brittaniea. Philadelphia: Hnbbard Brothers. 
"Japan, Christianity in," Schaff-Htnog EncyclopcBdia cf Bdigioua Knowledge. 
New York: Funk & Wagnalla. "Corea," "Japan," articles in Concite Diction- 
ary of ReUgiout Knowledge, New Tork. 1889. "Japan," Supplement to MeCKn- 
tock and Strong's Biblical JBncyclopcedta. "Corea," "Japan," articles in Apple- 
ton*t Annual Oyelopadia, 1884-1888. Articles in American Biography, in Apple- 
ton' e Oydopcedia of American Biography. * ' Japanese Buddhism, ' ' The IndependeiU, 
April 5, 1888. "The Corean Origin of Japanese Art," The Century Magazine, 
Gross, Charles. Gilda Mercatoria. Bin Beitrag znr Gesohichte der 
Englischen Stadteverfassung. Gdttingen : Denerlich, 18t53. 

8vo, pp. vi, 109. 

Gross, Charles. The Affiliation of Mediseval Boroughs. London : Elliot 
Stock, 1885. 

4to, pp. 10.^ 

The Antiquary, Vol*. XI, 1885. 

50 copies reprinted from the Antiquary. 

Gross, Charles. La Hanse Anglaise. ^ 

Revue Hittorique, Vol. xxxin, pp. 996-908. 

Gross, Charles. The Exchequer of the Jews of England in the Middle 
Ages. London : Office of Jewish Chronicle. 
8yo, pp. 63. 
Hadley, Arthur Twining. Railroad Transportation : its History and its 
Laws. New York and London : G. P. Patnam's Sons, 1885. 
lOmo, pp. vi, 269. 

Hadlet, Arthur Twining. Le Transport par les Chemins de Fer : His- 
toire — Legislation. Tradnit par A. Baffalovich et L. Gn^rin. Paris: 
Gttillaniuin et C^ 1887. 
ISmo, pp. xvii, 89L 


Halb, Edward Evbrett, Jr., Joint anthor. Franklin in France. From 
Original Docaments, most of whiob are now published fdr the first 
time. By Edward £. Hale and Edward E. Hale, jr. Boston : Roberts 
Brothers, 1887. 

8to, pp. 478, portraita, etQ. Second Period, 1888. 8vo, pp. 470, portniU.eto. 

Hale, George Silsbse. Blockade of the Southern Ports in the American 
Civil War. 

London Law Timet, Deoemlier 28, 1861. 

Hale, George Silsdbe. American Secession and State Rights. 

London Lato Magazine and Law Rnietp, Febmary, 1864. 

Hale, George Siusbee. Origin and History of Seals as a mode of Anthen- 
ticating Documents. 

American Law Review, Jaly, 1867. 

Hale, George Silsbee. Memoir of dhief Justice Joel Parker. 
American Law JUmew, Janaary, 1876. 

Hale, George Siiabbb. Memoir of Justice Theron Metoalf. 

Proeeedinge of the MaeeaehueetU JSietorical Society, 1875-76. 

Hale, George Silsbee. Report of Commission on the Treatment of. the 

Poor in Boston, 1878. 
Hale, George Siusbee. The Charities of Boston, and Contributions to 

the Distressed of other Parte. , 

In Memorial Hietory of Boeton, Chapter xm. 

Hale, George Silsbee. Notice of Hon. Salma Hale. 
AppUUni'e OyUopcedia of Amenean Biography, Vol. vi. 

Hale, George Silsbee. Memorial of Sarah K. Hibbard, containing no- 
tice by Hon. Charles Bell of her collection of autographs and historical 

Privately printed. 1883. 

Also co-editor Boeton Monthly Law Reporter, 1853-'56, and co-editor U. 8. THgeet 

Harby, Lee C. The Old Stone Fort at Nacogdoches. 

The American Magazine, VoL vil, No. 6, April, 1888, pp. 721-725. Bliutrated. 
This was translated into Spaniah and repablished in a Rio Janeiro (Braail) paper. 

Harby, Lre C. The City of a Prince. 

The Magazine cif American Hietory, VoL xx, Nos. 4 and 5, October and November, 
1888, pp. 257-280 and 345-^67. Illptrated. 

Reviewed in New Tort Critic, October 7, October 13, November 10. 1888 ; Botton 
Traneeript ; Boeton Star , The Nation, of New York ; The Chicago Inter- Ooean ,- Oal- 
vetton (Tex.) Newe ; Houston (Tex.) Poet, and in other papers. 

Hart, Albert Bushnell. Analysis and References to History 13. Cam- 
bridge, 1883-»84. 

12mo, pp. 90. 

Outline of the oonrae in constitutional and political history of the United States 
at Harvard College, 188S-'84. 

Hart, Albert Bushnell. The Coerciye Powers cf the United States Gov- 
ernment. Part III. Eisenach, 1885. 
Part of thesis for the degree of Ph. D. at Freibnrg, 1883. No morci printed. 

Hart, Albert Bushnell. Outline of the Coarse in Constitntional and 
Political History of the United States, given at Harvard College in the 
academic year 1884-^85. Cambridge, 1884-^85. 
Itaio, pp. 100. 


Habt, Ajlheut Busiinell. Methods of 'Teaching American Hiatory. 

l2mo, pp. 30. 

Id Methods of Teaching History. Edited by G. Stanley Hall. Tk>stou: Qinn A 
Heath, 1885. Second c^dition. 

Habt, Albert Bushnell. Outline map of the United States. With Ed- 
ward Chanuing. Boston: O. C. HeatU, 18^. 
Slse, 89 inched by 48 inches. 

latoed in fonraheetA for use in claas-roonifi. Contains no lettering, but the pres- 
ent State and Territorial buaudai'ies are indicated. 

Hart, Albert Bushxell. Ontline of the Coarse in Constitutional and 
Political History of the United States (1784-1861), given at Harvard 
College in the Academic Year 18ti5-'86. PaH)s I and II. Boston and 
Cambridge, 1885-'d6. 
8vo, pp. 202. 

Hart, Albert Bushnell. Topioa? Ontline of the Coarse in History of 
the North American Colonies and their Growth into a Federal Union 
(1492-1789), given at Harvard College in the Academic Year ldc5-'o6. 
Cambridge, 1885-'86. 

12uio, pp. 165. 

Limited edition ; prepared for class use. 

Hart, Albert BushxEll. Smaller outline map of the United States. 
With Edward Channiug. Boston, 188G. 

10 inches by 12 inches. ^ 

lB«aed for class use. Contains no lettering except sone names of rivers. 

Hart, Albert Bushxell. What do we know about John Harvard t 

Harvard Monthly, April, 1886, II, pp. 43-57. 

Includes transcripts of all known refoi-ences to John Harvard In conlempijrary 

Hart, Albert Bushkell. Topical Ontline of the Coart^es in Constitutional 
and Political History of the United States, given at Harvard College 
in the Academic Year 188ey-'87. Part I. (1783-1829). Part II. (.1829- 
1861). Cambridge : Wheeler, 1886, 1887. 
8vo, pp. 258. 

Hart. Albert Bushnell. The Work of Students in the Conrses in the 

History of the United States. History 13, 17, and 20 (d). To be given 

at Harvard College in the Academic Year 1887-*88. Cambridge: W. 

H. Wheeler, Printer, 1887. 

pp. 42. 

Second edition, year 1888-*89, sabstantially the same. 

Contains two lists of general readings, and other matter. 

Hart, Albert Bushnell. Map showing the Territorial Growth of the 
United States. New York : Pnblished by Photo-Gravure Co., 1887. 
Inoladed in Edward Atkinson's chart, showing the economic condition of the 
United States, prepared for the New York Life Insorance Ca 

Hart, Albert Bushnell. A list of General Readings in the History of 
the United States. 

Academy (Syraoase), November, 1887, ll, 367-^71. « 

Hart, Albert Bushnell. History in High and Preparatory Schools, 1887. 
Syracuse : Geo. A. Bacon, 1887. 


Reprinted from the Academy, September and October, 1887. 

Based on answers to a set of questions sent to principals and teachers. 


Hart, Albkrt BusaNicLL. HiBtory in HiKh and PtepsuUktoij Schools. I. 
How History is Taaght. 

Ac(tdemy (SyracoMK September. 1887, u. 26S>265. 

Hart, Albert Bushnsll. History io Hi^b and Preparatory Schools. 
How History, may be Taught. ^ 

Academy (Syracuse), October. 1887, pp. 30^-315. 

Hart, Albbrt Bushneix. The Fourth Estate of the.. Cbngreas of the 
United States. 

OivQ Service Record, March, 1887, n, p. 7L 

A brief discussion of the fauctions of the Speaker. 

Hart, Albert Bushnell. The Disposition of our Public lyands. 
Quarterly JourtuU oj Economies, January, 1887, i, 169-183, 261-254. 
Includes a table, compile<l from official sources, showing the status of the pab- 
lie lands from 1781 to 1883. 

Hart, Albert BasHNSLL. A Brief List of the General Readings in the His- 
tory of the United States. 

Academy (Syriicase), May, 1887, u, 158-1(J0. 

Hart, Albert Bushnell. The Biography of a Biver and Harbor Bill ; 
paper read before the Amesican Historical Association and the Amer- 
ican EcoDomic Association, Majr 24, 1887. 

Magetxine of American Hietory, July, 1887, xvin, 52-64. 

Reprinted with revisions, in the Papen of the American Hittorieai Auociatten. 
YoLui, pp. 180-196. 

Hart, Albert Bushnell. Beyiew of ''American Statesmen. Patrick 
Henry. By Moses Coit Tyler." 

Politieal Science Quarterly, December, 1887, li, pp.68&-69C. 

Hart, Albert Bushnell. Topical Outline of the Course in Constitutional 
* and Political History of the United States, given at Harvard College 
in the Academic Year 1887-'88. Part II (1783-1829). Part III (1329- 
1861). Cambridge, 1887, 1888. 

8vo, pp. 266. 

Hart, Albbr^ Bushnell (with Davis R. Dewey and others). Massachu- 
setts Society for Promoting Grood Citizenship. Report of the Commit* 
tee upon Courses of Reading and Study on Works on Civil Government. 

Boston : Published by the Society, 1888. 
8yo, pp. 23. 

Hart, Albert Bushnell (with Davis R. Dewey and others). Massa- 
chusetts Society for Promoting Good Citizenship. Report of the Com- 
mittee upon Courses of Reading and Study at the annual meeting, May 
28, 1888. 

Boeton Poet, Ifay 20, 1888. 

Reprinted in "Report on Civil Governirent," NoTember 10, below. 

Hart, Albert Bushnell. Preparation for Citizenship. I. At Harvard 


Education, June, 1888, viii, pp. 63<MS38. 

An account of the work of tiie College in political science and kindred studies. 

Hart, Albert Bushnell. The Work of Students in the courses in the 
History of the United States. History 13, 17, and 20 (d). To be given 
at Harvard College in the Academic Year 1889-^90. Cambridge: 
William H. Wheeler, Printer, 1889. 

8vo, pp. 46. 


« * 

Habt, Cuarkbb Henry. Remarks on Tabasco, Mexico. Occasioned by 
the reported discovery of Remains oC Ancient Cities being foand in 
that locality. A paper read before th^ Knmismatic and Antiquarian 
Society of Philadelphia, Thursday evening April 5, 1666. By Charles 
Henry Hart, Corresponding Secretary. Philadelphia : Henry B. Ash- 
mead, Book and Job Printer, 1867.* 
670, pp. 12. 

Hart, Oh arlks Henry. A Historical Sketch of the National Medals issned 
porsuant to Resolution of Congress, 1776-1815. A paper read before 
the Nnmismatic and Antiquarian Society of Philadelphia, Thurs- 
day evenings, November 1 and 15, 186G. By Charles Henry Hart, 
Corresponding Secretary. Philadelphia: Henry B. Ashmead, Book 
and Job Printer, 1867. 

8VO, pp. 24. 

Hart, Charles Henry. Memoir of William Hickling Prescott, Histo- 
rian of Spain, Mexico, aud Pern. By Charles Henry Hart. Boston : 
David Clapp 6l Sons, Printers, 1868. 
8vo, pp. 13. Portrait. 

Reprinted £rom the New England HUioHeal and Chnemlogieal Reporter for July, 
60 copies. 

Hart, Charles Henry. A Biograghical Sketch of His Excellency 'Abra- 
ham Lincoln, late President of the United States. By Charles Henry 
Hart, LL. B., author of *^ Memoir of Presoott ; " ** Historical Sketch of 
National Medals ; '^ *^ Remarks on Tabasco, Mexico,'' etc. Albany : Joel 
Mnnsell, 1870. 

8vo, pp. 21. 

Reprinted from Introdnction to liibliographia Lineolniana. , 

Hart, Charles Hknry. A Discourse on the Life and Services of the late 
Gulian Crommelio Verplanck, LL.D. Delivered before the Nnmis- 
matic and Antiquarian Society of Philadelphia on the evening of May 
5, 1870. By Charles Henry Hart, Historiographer of the Society and 
correspouding member of the New York Genealogical and Biograph- 
ical Society, The New England Historic-Genealogical Society, Th» 
Long Island Historical Society, The Maine Historical Society, etc. 
New York, 1870. 

Reprinted from the New York Oenealogieal and Bioffraphieal Record for Oetober, 

4 to, pp. 20. « 

60 copies. 

Hart, Charles Henry. A Tribnte to the Memory of Hon. William Wil- 
lis, LL. D., of Portland, Maine.- Read before the Nnmismatic and 
Antiquarian Society of Philadelphia at its 'stated meeting, Thursday 
evening, March 3, 1870. By Charles Henry Hart, Historiographer of 

the Society. Philadelphia, 1870. 
8vo, pp. 8. 

Hart, Charles Hbnry. A Necrological Notice of the Hon. Richard 
Stockton Field, LL. D., of Princeton, New Jersey. Read before the 
Nnmismatic and Antiquarian Society of Philadelphia, Ut its regular 
monthly meeting, Thursday evening, October 6, 1870. By •Charles 
Henry Hart, LL. B., Historiographer of the Society. Philadelphia^ 1870. 

Bvo, pp. 10. 
100 copies. 


Hart, Chajrlxs Henry. Bibllographla LincolDiana: An acoonnt of the 
pnbliofttiouB occoaioned by the death of Abraham Lincoln, sixteenth 
President of the United States of America. Being a Bibliographical 
Catalogue of all sermons, eulogies, orations, etc.,deliTered at the time. 
With notes and an introduction by Charles Henry Hart, LL. B., 
Historiographer of the Nnmismatio and Antiquarian Soi^iety of Phila- 
delphia, and corresponding member of the New England Historic- 
Genealogical Society, The Maine Historical Society, The Long Island 
Historical Society,, etc. Albany, N. Y. : Joel Munsell, 1870. 
Boyal 8to, pp. 86. 
25 oopies. 

ThiB work contains a featara never known to have been before Introdnced into 
abiblioKraphical treatise— the statement appended to each title of the nomber of 
copies printed. It took five years to compile this bibliogniphy,- and about twelve 
hundred letters were written in the prosecution of the work. 

Hart, Charles Henry. Memoir of George Ticknor, Historian of Spanish 
Literature. By Charles Henry Hart, LL. B., Author of '^ Memoir of 
William Hickliug Prescott," and Historiographer of the Nnmismatio 
and Antiquarian Society of Philadelphia, etc. Read before the Numis- 
matic and Antiquarian Society of Philadelphia, May 4, 1871. Phila- 
delphia : Collins, Printer, 705 Jayne street, 1871. 

Royal 8vo, pp. 24. 

250 copies. 

Hart, Charles Henry. Robert Morris, the Flnauvier of the American 
Revolution. A Sketch by Charles Henry Hart. Philadelphia, 1877. 
Sto, pp. 15. 

Reprinted from Pennsylvania Magaxine of Hittory and Biography. 
100 copies. 

Hart, Charles Henry.. Memoir of the Life and Services of Col. John 
Nixon. -Prepared at the request of the Committee on the Restoration 
of Independence Hall for *Ube National Centennial Commemoration" of 
July 'Z, 1776, and presented at the meeting in Independence Chamber, 
Satufday, July I, 1876. By Charles Henry Hart. Philadelphia, 1877. 
8vo, pp. 19. Portrait. 
Keprintcd from Pennsylvania Magazine of History and Biography. 

Hart, Charles Henry. Mary White— Mrs. Robert Morris. An address 
delivered by request at Sophia^s Dairy, near Perry mansvi He, Harford 
Co., Maryland, June 7th, 187/, on the occasion of the reinterment of 
the remains of Colonel Thomas White before a Reunion of bis De- 
scendants— Halln, Whites, Morrises. By Charles Henry Hart. Phila- 
delphia, 1878. 

Royal 8vo, pp. 32. Portrait. 

100 copies. 

Hart, Charles Hknry. The Stuart Exhibition at the Musenm of Fine 
Arts, Boston. 

Afnerican Arf Revieir, Boston. Septcmlier, 18R0, Vol. I. 4to, pp. 48^-487. 
Portraite of Gilbert Stnart and Mra. NickliD after 8taart. 

Hart, Charlbs Henry. Washington Portraits. Review of Baker's en- 
graved portraits of Washington. 

American Art Review. Boston, May, 1880, 4to, pp. 314-315. 

Hart, Charles Henry. The Life and Works of Gifbert Stuart. By 
George C. Mason. A Review. 

American Art Review, Boaton, March, 1880, Vol. i, 4to, pp. 210-232. 


HArTy Charles Henry. Memoir of Samnel Stehm^n Haldeman, LL. D.^ 
Professor of Comparative Philology in tbe University of Pennsylvania. 
By Charles Henry Hart^ Historiographer of tbe Nnniismatic and Anti- 
quarian Society of Philadelphia, life member of the Academy of Natn- 
ral Sciences of Philadelphia, corresponding member of the Massaohn- 
setts Hiaiorical Society, etc. With appendix. Philadelphia, 1681. 

8vo,pp. 26. ' 

Reprinted from Penn Monthly for Aaguat, 1861. 
100 copies. 

Hart, Charles Henry. Tbe Namismatic and Antiquarian Society of 
Philadelphia. Necrology for 1880. Joel Muusell, Samnel Greene Ar- 
nold, James Lenox, Samnel Agnew, Saopuel Stebman Haldeman, James 
Grier Ralston. By Charles Henry Hart, Historiographer. Philadel- 
phia, 1881. 

8ro, pp. 12. 

Reprinted from the Proeeedingt for 1880. 

100 copies. 

Hart, Charles Henry. A Discourse commemorative of the Life and Ser- 
vices of the late William Beach Lawrence, pronounced before tbe Nu- 
mismatic and Antiquarian Society of Philadelphia, on Thursday even- 
ing, May 5, 1881. By Charles Henry Hart, Historiographer of the 
Society and corresponding member of the Ma.ssaohusett'S Historical 
Society, Maryland Historical Society, Maine Historical Society, Long 
Island Historical Society, Buffalo Historical Society, New England 
Historic-Genealogical Society, New York Genealogical and Biograph- 
ical Society, Essex Institute, Salem, MasHacbn setts, and Honorary 
Member of tbe New Jersey Historical Society. Pliiladelpbia, 1881. 

8vo, pp. 18. 

Reprinted from Penn Monthly for June, 1881. 

100 copies. 

Hart, Charles Henrt. The Numismatic aud Antiquarian Sooiety of 
Philadelphia. Necrology for 1881. Robert Smith Swords, William 
Beach Lawrence, John Gorbam Palfrey, Joseph Sabin, Ferdinand 
Keller, Eugene Anthony Vetromile, Samuel Fost^sr Haven, Edwin 
Augustine Dairy mple. By Charles Henry Hart, Historiographer. 
Philadelphia, 1882. 

8vo, pp. 19. 

Reprinted from the Proeeedingt for 1881. 

100 copies. 

Hart, Charles Henry. Washington Portraits. Review of ** Original 
Portraits of Washington." By Elizabeth Bryant Johnston. 
American Architect and Building Ne^os, Boston, Vol. xi, June 10, 1882. 
Folio, pp. 267-288. 

Hart, Charles Henry. The Numismatic and Antiquarian Society of 
Philadelphia. Necrology for 1882. Lewis H. Mor^au, Neils Fredericlc 
Bernbard de Sebested, George Smith, Elisba Reynolds Putter, Horace 
Maynard, William Sansom Vaux, Henry Cruse Murphy. By Charles 
Henry Hart, Historiographer. Philadelphia, 1883. 

8vo, pp.20^ 

Repnntefl from the Proceeding* for 1882. 

100 copies. 


Hart, Charlbs Henrt. Bibliographia Webstenana. A list of the pub- 
lications occasioned by the death of Daniel Webster. Compiled bj 
Charles Henry Hart, author of Bibliographia Linoolniana, etc. 

4to, pp.4. 

Extract from BuOeHn of OwMereantUe Library, Philadelphia, July, 1883. 


Hart, Charlbs Henrt. Memoir of Lewis H. Morgan, .x>f Rochester, N. Y. 
Read before the Namismatic and Antiquarian Society of Philadelphia, 
Thursday Evening, May 4th, 1882. By Charles Henry Hart, Historio- 
grapher of the Society and Corresponding Member of the Historical 
Societies of Massachusetts, Rhode Island, Maine, New Jersey, Mary- 
land, Virginia, Essex Institute, New England Historic-Genealogical 
Society. Philadelphia, 1883. 

Svo, pp. 12. 

Reprinted from the Proceedings for 1882. 

50 oopiee. 

Hartj Charles Henry. Memoir of Qeorge Sharswood, late Chief-Jnstice 
of the Snpreme Court of Peimsylvania. By Charles Henry Hart of the 
Philadelphia Bar. Read before the Numismatic and Antiquarian 
Society of Philadelphia, January 3d, 1884. • Philadelphia, 1884. 

SvOf pp. 10. 

Reprinted ^rom the Proeeedinge for 1883. 

50 copies. 

Hart, Charles Henry. The Numismatic and Antiquarian Society of 
Philadelphia. Necrology for 1883. Charles Perrin Smith, Lucius 
Quintius Cincinnatus Elmer, George Sharswood. By Charles Henry 
Hart, Historiographer. Philadelphia, 1884. 

8vo, pp. 17. 

Reprinted from the Proceedings for 1883. 
, 100 oopies. 
Hart, Charles Henry. Necrological Notice of the Hon. L. Q. C. Elmer, 
LL. D., of New Jersey. By Charles Henry Hart, Htstoriographor of 
the Numismatic and Antiquarian l^ciety of Philadelphia. Philadel- 
phia, 1884. 

Svo, pp. 7. 

Reprinted from the Proceedings for 1883. 

50 copies. 

Hart, Charles Henry. Article on Philadelphia. 

Encyelopiedia Britannica, Vol. xvm, pp. 73S>741, Edinbargh, 1885. 

Hart, CuAitLES Henry. Original Portraits of Washington. 

Century TUuslrated Monthly Magazine, Vol. xxxvil.^No. S, April, 1880, pp. 8(XM65, 

Hart, Charles Henry. Notice of a Portrai t of Washington. By Charles 

Henry Hart. 

From Historical Collections of t^e Essex luxstituie, Vol. xvi, pp. 161-165. 

Hart, Charles Henry. Article on Gilbert Stuart. 

Ensydopeedia Britansiica. 

Hart, Samuel. Bishop Seabury's Communion- Office. Reprinted in fac- 
simile, with an historical sketch and notes. By the Key. Samuel Hart, 
M. A., Professor in Triuity College, Hartford. New York : T. Whitta- 
ker, No. ^ Bible Honse, 1874. 

12mo, pp. 66. Second edition, revised. New York, 1883, 12mo, pp. 72. 


Hart, Samuel. Historical Skeich of Trinity College. Annaal report of 
the Board of Edacation of the State of Connecticut, 1876. 

Bro. pp. 62-70. 

Also, article on Trinity College in American Supplement to JSneyelopadia BtiUu^ 
nioa. and article on Trinity College in Neut England, Magazine, 

Habt, Samuel. Diocese of Conneoticnt. 

Church OudcptBdia, pp. 16d-174. A Dictionary of Chnroh Doctrine, History, 
Organization, and Bitnal. Edited by Bey. A. A. Benton, K. A. Philadelphia, 1884. 

Hart, Samuel. Office of Commauion (Holy). 

Ohureh Offclopadia, pp. 168-166. A Dictionary of Chnroh Doctrine, JLiatory, 
Organization, and Bitnal. Edited by Bev. A. A. Benton, M. A. Philadelphia, 1884. 

Hart, Samuel. Officeof Baptism (Holy). 

Ohurek Oyclopcedia, pp. 88-00. A Dictionary of Ghvrch Doctrine, History, Organ- 
ization, and Bitnal. Edited by Ber. A. A. Benton, M. A. Philadelphia, 1884. 

Hart, Samuel. The American Prayer- Book. 

Church Cydop^edia, pp. 605-607. A Dictionary of Church Doctrine, History, 
Organization, and BitnaL Edited by Bev. A. A. Benton, M. A. Philadelphia, 1884. 

Hart, Samuel. Monograph on the Seabnrys : Missionary, Bishop, Priest, 

Hietory of the American Eptseopal Church, 1587-1883. By William Stevens Perry, 
D. D. . LL. D. Boston, 1885. Vol. n, pp. 437^58. 

Hart, Samuel. Article on Trinity College, in Monograph VII. 

HivUnry of the American Epiecopal Church, 1587-1883. By William SteTens Perry. 
D. D., LL. D. Boston, 1885. VoL il, pp. 538-540. 

Hart, Samuel. Monograph on Trinity College. By Samnel Hart, Pro- 
fessor in Trinity College. 

Jfemorval Hietory of Hartford County, ConneetieuL 

Hart, Samuel, Lists of Ordinations and of Clergymen Deceased, in the 
Diocese of Conneoticnt to Jnly 1, 1886. 

Journal of the Convention of the JHoeeee of Conneetieui^ 1886. 
Aleo published eeparately, 8vo, pp. 24. , 

Hart, Samuel. Address on the History of the Early Settlement of Say- 
brook, donnecticut. By the Rev. Samnel Hart, D. D., Professor in 
Trinity College, Hartford. 
8to, pp. 8-20. 

Saybrook'e Quctdrimittenial Commem/oration of the 250tft Annvoereary of the ASMtle- 
ment of Sayhrook, Conn., Korember 27, 1885. Hartford, 1886. 

Hart, Samukl. Monograph on the American Prayer Book. * By the Rev. 
Samnel Hart, D. D., Custodian of the Standard Book of Common 

]2mo, pp. xxiii. 

Annotated Book of Common Prayer. Edited by the Ber. John Henry Blunt, D. D. 
Compendious edition. "New York, 1888. 

Hassam, John Tyler. The Hassam Family. Boston : David Clapp A. 
Son, 1870. 
8vo. pp. 10. 
Privately printed. 
Edition, 100 copiee. 

Beprinted from Ifew England Hittorical and Qenealogieal Begiiter for Oetober, 
1870. XXIV, 414. ^ 


Hassam, John Tyler. Some of the Descendanta of William Hilton . Bos- 
ton : David Clapp & Son, 1877« 
Sro, pp. 18, 1 plAte. 
Privstely printed. 

Sdition, 100 copies. * 

Seprinted from New England Hiatorieal and Oeneatogical Regitterfur April. 1877, 
XXXI, 179. 
Hassam, Joed7 Ttler. Ezekiel Cfaeever and some of bis Descendants. 
Boston : David Clapp & Son, 1879. 

8vo, pp. (4) 64, 1 plate, i fAo-siinile title pa^M, 3 fko^eimile autographs. 
Prirately prioted. 
Bditioii,100 copies. 

Beprinted (with additions) from the New England Hiatorieal and Genealogical 
Renter for April 1870, xxxm, 164. 

Hassam, John Tyler. Boston Taverns, with some Suggestions on the 
Proper Mode of Indexing the Public Records. 3oston : David Clapp 
Sf, Son, 1860. 
8^0, pp. 14. 
Privately printed. 
Edition, 100 copies. 

ReprintM &om New England Hitterical and OeneaXogieal Begitter for July, 
1877, XXXI, 329; October, 1879, xxxm, 400; January, 1880, xxxiv. 41. 

Hassam, John- Tyler. Notes and Queries concerning the Hassam and 
Hilton Families. Boston: David Clapp d&. Son, 1880. 
8vo, pp. 12, 6 fao^simile aatographs. 
PrlTately printed. 
Edition, 100 copies. 

Hassam, John Tyler. Early Suffolk Deeds. Boston : David Clapp A, 
Son, 1881. 

8^o, pp. (4) 17. ' 

Privately printed. 
Edition, 100 copies. 

Reprinted (with additions) from New England HitUrieat and Oeneaiogieal Regie- 
Ur for April 1878, ,xxxu, 181. aad July, 1881, xxxv, 248. 

Hassam, John Tyler. The Dover Settlement and the Hiltons. Boston : 

David Clapp &, Son, 1882. 

8vo, pp 0, 6 fSac-simile aatographs. 
Privately printed. 
Edition, 100 copies. 

Beprinted from New England Hitterical and Qenealegieal Regieter for Jannary, 
1882, xxxvi. 40. 
Hassam, John Tyler. Bartholomew and Richard Cheever and some of 
their Descendants. Boston : David Clapp & Son, 1882. 
8vo, pp. 11, 4 fftc-simile autographs. 
Privately printed. 
Edition, 100 copies. 

Beprinted fit>m New England Hietorieal and Chnealogieal Regieter for July, 
1882, XXXVI, 305. 

Hassam, John Tyler. The Facilities for Genealogical Research in the 
Registries of Probate in Boston and London. Boston : David Clapp &, 
Son, 1884. 
8vo, pp.4. 
Privately printed. 
Edition, 100 copies. 

Beprinted firom New England Hittorieal and Geneal^gieai Regieter for April, 
1884. xxxvm, lai. 

B. Mis. 170 18 


Hassam, John Ttler. Ezekiel Cheever and some of his Deecendants. 
Part Second. Boston: David Clapp &, Son, 1884. 
Bvo, ^p. 28, 6 fao-simile antographs. 
Privately printed. 
Edition, 100 copiee. 
' Reprinted from Ifew England Hittarieal and GtneaXogieal SegisUr for April, 

1884, XXXVIII. 170. 
Hassam, John Tyler. Ezekiel Cheever. Additional Notes. Boston : 
David Clapp & Son, 1887. 
8vo, pp. 6. 
Privately printed. 
Edition, 100 oopiea. 

Reprinted from New England BUtoricaland Oenealogieal Regiaier for January, 
1887, XL1, 65. 

Hassam, John Tyler. The Hassam Family. Additional Notes«. Boston : 
David Clapp & Son, 1689. 
8vo, pp. 4. 
Privately printed. 
Edition, 100 copies. 

Reprinted from New England HisloriecA and Genealogical ItegUter for JTnly, 
1889. XUTI. 320. • 

Haupt, Paul Hermann Hugo. Keilschrifttexte der kleineren Achame- 
nideninschriften antographirt von Paul Hanpt. Appendix to '' Die 
Achamenideninschrifteu, Transcription des baby Ion ischen Textes, nebat 
tTbersetzung, textkritischen Anmerkangen und einem WSrter- nnd 
Eigennamenverzeichnisse von Dr. Carl Bezold, mit dem Keilsohrlft- 
texte der kleineren Achamenideninscbriften antographirt von Paul 
Hanpt." Leipzig: J. C. Hinriohs' sche Bnchhandlung, 1882. 
4to, pp. 80-06, 16 platea. 

Contains the cnneiform text of the Babylonian version of the smaller historical 
inscriptions of the Aohaemenlan kinics— Cyms, Darius, Xerxes, Artaxerxes I, 
Artaxerxes Mnemon. 

Haupt, Paul Hermann Hugo. Der agyptlsche Feldzug des Assnr-banl- 
pal. Nachdem zehnseitigen Cylinder (R m i) des British Mnsenm Col. 
I, 1. 52-114 nnd Brucbsttioken von Daplicaten desselben. Vbersetzt 
von Paul Haapt. 

Zeitschrift ftir Xgyptische Sprache und Altertfaumsknnde herausgegeben von 
C. R. Lepsius, xxi, Jabrg., Zwoites Heft, August, 1883, 4to, pp. 85-87. 

Contains a transliteration and translation of the cnneiform account of the first 
Egyptian campaign undertaken by the Assyrian king Assurbanipal, the Sap8«v«- 
TaXXot of the Greeks, about 667 B. C. 

Haupt, Paul Hermann Hugo. The Babylonian ^'Woman's Language." 

The American Journal ofPhiMogy, Vol. v, Baltimore, 1884, 8vo, pp. 68-M. 

Contains a critical review of Dr. Fritz Hommel's theory concerning Snmer and 
Accad, including (on p. 75) a list of the geographical names mentioned in Sumerian 
^ and Accadian texts. 

Abstract in Johnt Hopkin* Vnioertity Oimilars, Vol. ni, No. 29, Baltimore, 
March, 1884. 

Haupt, Paul Hermann Hugo. The Language of Nimrod, the Rashite. 

Andover Boview for July, 1884, pp. 88-98, 8vo, 200 reprints. 

Contains a review of Professor Friedrich Delitsach's book on the Cossaeans 
(Leipsic, 1884). 

Haupt, Paul Hermann Hugo. WAteh-Ben-Hazael, Prince of the Keda- 
renes, about 650 B. C. By Paul Haupt, Ph. D., Professor of Assyri- 
ology in the University of Goettingen, and Professor of the Bhemitic 



Languages in tlie Johns Hopkins Uniyersity, Baltimore. Reprinted 
from ''Hebraica/' Vol. I, No. 4. Chicago: The American Publication 
Society of Hebrew, Morgan Park, HI., 1H%. 

Sro, pp. 15,^100 reprints. 

Contains a oommentary on the cnneifonn aeoonnt of the ponithment whioh Sar- 
danapaloa inflicted on the Arabian sheikh WAteh, the son of Hazael. 

Haupt, Paul Hermann Hugo. The Battle of Ha}aie, 691 B. C. 

The Andaoer Rwiew, May, 1886. Vol. v, pp; 542-547, 8vo. 

Contains an liiatiNrical slcetoh of Sennacherib's campaigns against Southern Bab- 
ylonia and Elam, followed by a translation of the cuneiform account of the Battle 
of Halftle (where the great league of Babylonians, Slamites, and Anune^ nomadic 
tribes, brought together by the rebel Shfiznb of Babylon, was completely destroyed 
by Sennacherib), fw given in coli|. ▼ and vi of the so-called "Taylor cylinder," 
(IB. 41. 5-42, 24). 

Haupt, Paul Hkrmann Hugo. Dec arabische Feidzng Sardanapal% 
Konigs Ton Assyrien 668-^*26 v. Cbr., nach dom V. R. 7, 82-10, 5 ver- 
offentliohten keilsohriftlichen Berichte auf dem im Nordpalaste zn 
Kt^nndschik Von Hormuzd Rassam anfgefandenen zehnseitigen Thon- 
prisma R m. 1. Etudes wrMologique», linguiBtiquei et hiaiariqHeaj d^di^es 
j^ Mr. le Dr. C. Leemanns h I'occasion du cinqoauti^me anulversaire de 
sa nominadon anz fonotions de Directear da Hns^ arch^ologiqae 
des Pays-Pas. X.eide: K. J. Brill, 1885. 

folio, pp. 13^142. 

Contains a translation of the cuneiform account of Sardanapidus's Arabian cam* 

Haupt, Paul Hermann Hugo. Der keilschriftliohe Name des Relohs von 
Damask us. 

ZeUtehriJt/ur Attyriologie und verwandU Oefriete, Zweiter Band. Leipzig, 1887, 
8ro, pp. 321-322 (cf. ibid. , p. 452) . 

Gives Ml explanation of the cuneiform natno of the Kingdom of Damascus, Mdt 
tha-ifneriihu, which seems to mean " Ass-conntry/' 

Haupt, Paul Hermann Hugo. Modern Researches in Assyria and Baby- 

. 4to, pp. 48-47. 

Johiu Hopkina TTniwrtity Oireuian, Vol. vn, Tfo. 64, Baltimore. March, 1888. 

Sngeests a national expedition to the valley of the Euphrates and '{igris, com. 
prising delegates from the various centers of learning in the United States, undei 
the auspices of the SiAitbsonian Institution. 

Haupt, Paul Hermann Hugo. The Dimensions of the Babylonian Ark. 

The American Journal <^ Philology, Vol. ix, Baltimore, 1888, 8vo. pp. 410M124. 
Contains some remarks on the historical character of the Deluge. Abstract in 
Proceedings of the American Oriental Society, October. 1888, pp. Ixxxix-xe. 

Haupt, Paul Hermann Hugo. Contribntions to the History of Assyri- 
ology, with special reference to the works of Sir Henry Rawlinson. 
Johns Hopkins University Circulars, Vol. v;n, No. 72, Baltimore, April, 1880, 4to, 
pp. 57-82. 

Qontains a tentative bibliography of Sir Henry Rawliuson's writings, compiled 
by Dr. Wm. M. Arnolt, preceded by a biographical sketch prepared by Dr. C. 
Johnston, Jr. 

Hat, John. The Mormon Prophets Tragedy. 
Atlantic Monthly, 1870. 

Hat, John. Amasa Stone. New Tork : De Vinne, 1883. 
Privately printed. 
Edition, 100 copies. Second edition, 1884. 



Hat, Joqn (in collaboration with John Q. Nioolay). Abraham Lincoln. 
A Histoiy. 

The Century lUtutrated Monthly Magazine, 

Hrnry, William Wirt. Address, June 7, 1876, at Philadelphia on Cen- 
tennial of Motion for Independence. Printed by Committee. 

Henry, William Wirt. Rescue of Captain Smith by Pocahontas. 

Potter'e Magagine, Vol. i, 4to, up. 523, 591. 

Henry, William Wirt. Address on Early History of Virginia with refer- 
cnco to attacks upon Capt. John Smith, Pocahontas, and Rolfe, 24 
FeVy, 1882. Printed by the Virginia Historical Society. Richmond, 

Henry, William Wirt. Sir Walter Raleigh. 

WiDDor's Narrative and Critical Eietory of the United State*, in, Chapter iv. 

Henry, William Wirt. , Truth concerning Expedition of Geo. Rogers 

PoUer'e Magazine, v, p. 908. 

Alao replica to Samuel E^ans on this sabjeot in the same magaadne, vi, p. 308 ; 
VII, p. 140. 

Hbnry, William Wirt. Address before Scotch-Irish Congress. (Scotch- 
Irish in South.) Printed with Proceedings, Colunfbia, Tenn., May 9, 

Henry, William Wirt. Character and Public Career of Patrick Henry. 

liiehmond*DUtpaUh, November 22, 1867. 
Also in UitioricaX Magazine, xii, p. 368. 
Comments on letter of Mr. Jefferson. 

Henry, William Wirt. Vindication of Patrick Henry. 
Rieittriedl Magazine, XX, pp. 272-346. 
Comment's on article of E. A. Pollard in Qalaxy, September, 1870. 

Henry, William Wirt. Winston-Henry Genealogy. 
In 8t, Mark* Parish, by P. Slaughter, p. 183. 

Hknry, William Wirt. Patrick Henry, the Earliest Advocate of .Inde- 

Potter'* Magazine, vil, p. 8. 

Hknry, William Wirt. Patrick Henry. 

Appleton's CyiAopcedia of American Biography, 
Hill, Hamilton Andrews. Ocean Steam Navigation. 

North American Review, Vol. xcix, 1864, 8vo, pp. 483«522. 
100 copies printed separately, 8vo. 

Hill, Hamilton Andrews. A Memorial Sketch of Isaac Chapman Bates. 
By Hamilton Andrews Hill, A. M. Boston: David Clapp & Son, 
Printers, 1877. 

Reprinted from New England Hiitorical and Qenealogiedl Regitter for April 1877. 

8vo, pp. 10. I'ortrait 

250 copies. • 

Hill, Hamilton Andrews. The Trade, Commerce, and Navigation of 
Boston, 1780-1880. 

In Winsor's Memoriil History i^f Boston, iv, Chapter vni. pp. 179-284. 

Hill, Hamilton Andrews. Abbott Lawrence. 

In Memorial Biographies of the New England Historic-Oenealogioal Society. 
Towne Memorial f^ind. Yolame ii. 1853-1865. Boston: PnbUshed by the 89* 
0ety, 18 Somerset street, 1881. pp. 401^445, 




HiiJ« Hamilton Andrews. Memoirs of Abbott Lawrence. By Hamilton 
Andrews Hill. With an Appendix. Boston : Printed for Private 
Distribution, 1883. 

8vo. pp. iz, 248, wittk portrait 
• 600 copies printed. ELectiotyped. 
Second-Edition. Boston : Little, Brown and Company,^ 1884. 
8vo, pp. XT, 258, with portrait. 
500 copies. Sleotrotyped. 

Hill, Hamilton Andrews. 16G9-1882. An Historical Catalogue of the 
Old South Church (Third Church), Boston. Boston: Printed for 
Private Distri(>ution, 1883. 
8vo, pp. X, 370, with portraits. 

Edited by HamUton Andrews Hill and George Frederick Bigelow. 
1,200 copies printed. 

Contents— Part First: List of Pastors ; List of Deacons ; List of Members ; List 
of Mtimbers under the Baptismal Covenant. Part Second: Alphabetical List of 
Hembers under the Baptismal Covenant. Part Third : Biographical Notes, 1809- 
1710; Index to Notes. 

Hill, Hamilton Andrews. Joshua Scottow and John Alden. By Hamil- 
ton Andrews Hill, A. M. Ad address, October 26, 18S4. In Old South 
Church (Third Church), Boston. Memorial Addresses, Sunday Evening, 
October 26, 1884. Boston: Cnpples, Upham &, Co#, 283 Washington 
street, 1^85. 

8vo, pp. 132. 

The other addresses by the Rev. George £. Ellis, Rev. Edward O. Porter, and 
the Rev. Increase K. Tarbox. 

Mr. Hill's address reprinte<l in a pamphlet, 8vo, pp. 20 ; 100 copies. 

The memorial addresses were edited by Mr. Hill; 1,000 copies printed. 

Hill, Hamilton Andrews. William Phillips and William Phillips, 
Father and Son. 1722-1827. By Hamilton Andrews Hill. 
8vo, pp. 14. Portraits. 
100 copies'. 
Reprinted trom New England Hittorieal and Oenealogical JtegiuUr for April, 1886. 

Hill, Hamilton Andrews. Jonathan Phillips. 

In Memorial Biographies of the New England Historic-Genealogical Society. 
VoLiv. 1860-1862. Boston: 1885. pp. 03-117. 

Hill, Hamilton Andrews. The New England Company. 

Andover Revietc, Vol. iv, 18«5. 8vo, pp. 209-317. 

A sketch of the flrst of tfie propagation societies, so-called, establishod by actof 
Parliament, 1049, aad reorganized under a charter from Charles II. in 1061. 

Hill, Hamilton Andrrws. The Eoiancipation of Massachusetts. 

Andovef Review, Vol Vli, 1887. 8vo, pp. 520-536. 

A review of Brooks Adams's book of the same title. 

Hill, Hamilton Andrews. Marshall Pinckuey Wilder. 

\ew England historical and Genealogical Register for July, 1888 (with portrait). 
100 copies printed separaU^ly. 

Hinsdale. RruKK Aaron. Galileo and the Chnrcb. 

The Christian Quarterly, Cincinnati, VoL i, Apiil. 1860. 8vo, pp. 116-176. 


Hinsdale, Bcukk Aakon. Ecumenical Counciln. 

The Christian Quarterly, Cincinnati, VoL i, October, 1869. pp. 491-508. 

HiNSDALK, Burke Aarox. Tlie Rise and Entahlisbnient oftli« Pajmcy. 
77i* Christian Quarterly, Cincinnati, Vol. li, A pril. 1 870. pp. 229-249. 

HiNSDAiR, BuRKK Aaron. The Infalllliilify Dogma. 

•The Christian Quarterly, Cincinnati, Vol. ri, July, 1870. pp. 392-420. 


Hinsdale, Burke Aaron. The Vatican Councti and the Old Catholics. 

The ChrUtian Qtiarterly, Cinoimiali, Vol iv, 1872, pp. 4I»-527. ^ 

Hinsdale, B(jrke Aaron. The Downfall of the Secular Papacy. 
The ChrUtian Quarterly, Cincliif^ati, YoL v, JanuAry, 1873, pp. 2S-52. 

Hinsdale, Burke Aaron. The Genaineness and Authenticity of the Gospels. 
An argument conducted on historical and critical grounds. B. A. Hins- 
dale, A. M.y President of Hiram College. Cincinnati: Bosworth, 
Chase and Hall, 1B72. 
i 12mo, pp. vili, 276. 

Hinsdale, Burke Aaron. The Jewish-Christian Church, a Monograph. 
B. A. Hinsdale, A. M., President of Hiram Colleger Cincinnati; Ohio: 
Standard Publishing Company, 1878. 
12mo, pp. 111. 
800 copies. 

Hinsdale, Burke Aaron. Ecclesiastical Tradition. Its Origin and Early 
Growth. Its Place in the Churches and its Value, B. A. Hinsdale^ A. 
M., President of Hiram College. 'Cincinnati, Ohio: Standard Publish- 
ing Compan3\ 

12mo, pp. 200. 
800 copleB. 

Hinsdale, Bukki^ Aaron. The Works of James Abram Garfield. B. A. 
Hinsdale, President of Hiram College. Boston : James B. Osgood Pub- 
lishing Company. 

2 vols., 8vo, 2 portraito. 

Vol. I, pp. xxvi, 770, portrait, 1882 ; Vol. n, pp. 816, portrait, 1882. 

Hinsdale, Burke Aaron. Bounding the Original United States. 

]l£ag<izine of Weettm ffittory, Cleveland, Ohio, VoL il, September, 1885, 8to, pp. 
402-423. Illustrated. 

Hinsdale^ Burke Aaron. Geography and Early American History. 

Magazine, of Western Hittory, Cleyeland, Ohio, VoL iii« February, 1886, 8vo^ pp. 
435-486. • 

Hinsdale, Burke Aaron. The Vice- Presidency. 

Magazine of Weetern Hittory, Cleveland, Ohio^ VoL lY, June, 1886, 8vo, pp. 173>180. 

Hinsdale, Burke Aarox. Some Features of the Old South. 

Magazine of Western Bistory, Glevelani), Ohio, Vol. V, November, 1886, 8to, pp. 

Hinsdale, Burke Aaron. Legislation on the Compensation of Members . 
of Congress. 

Magazine of WeeUm History, Clereladd, Ohio. VoL v, March. 1887, 8vo, pp. 588-603, 
and VoL \n, Maj', 1887, pp. 128-141. 

Hinsdale, Burke Aaron. The National Capitol. 

Magazine of Western History, VoL vii, February, 1888, 8vo, pp. 392-309, and Vol. 
vil, March, 1888, pp. 530-537. 

Hinsdale, Burke Aaron. The Old Northwest, with a View of the 
Thirteen Colonies as Constituted by the Royal Charters. B. A. Hins- 
dale, Ph. D., Professor of the Science and the Art of Teaching, Univer- 
sity of Michigan. Now York : Towusend MacCoun, 1888. 
8vo, pp. iv, 440, 11 maps. 

Hinsdale, Burke Aaron. The First Circumnavigation of the Earth. 

Ohio Archceologieal and Historical Quarterly, (lolnmbua, Oliio, VoL I, September, 
1877. 8vo, pp. 164-169. 


HiKSDAJJB, Burke Aaron. The Westeni Land Policy of the BritiBli Goy^ 
eminent from 1763 to 1775. 

Ohio ArdugologietU and MUtarieal (Quarterly, ColnmbiiB, Qhio, Vol. I, DeoembeTp 
1877, 8vo, pp. 207-220. 

Hinsdale, Burke Aaron. The Bight of discovery. 

Ohio Ardueologieal and HittprictU Qtiarterly, Vol. li, December, 1888, 8vo, pp. 

Hinsdale, Burke Aaron. Three Important Bocuments Belating to Weei- 
ern Land Cessions. , 

Ohio Arehieoloffioai and Hittoriedl Quarterly, YoL n, September, 1888, 8to, pp. 

Hinsdale Burke Aaron. The Sale of the Western Beser^e. 

Ohio Archctological and Hittorieal QuarUriy, Vol. ii, March, 1888, Bvo, pp. 475- 


Hinsdale, Burke Aaron. Bev. Dr. Bohhins on the Western Beserye. 
Magazine qf Weetem Hittory, Vol. x, Angost, 1880, 8vo, pp. 359-360. 

Hoar, George Frisbib. Speech in the Honse of Bepresentatives of the 
United States on the Besolutions of Bespect to the Memory of Charles 
Snmner, April 27, 1874. 

Hoar, Georqb Frisbie. Speeeh in the House of Bepresentatives of the 
United States, on the occasion of the presentation of the statnes of 
John Winthrop and Samnel Adams, December 19, 1876. 

Hoar, George Frisbie. Charles Samner. 

NorOi Afneriean Review, Janoary-FebnukTy. 1878. 

Hoar, Grorgte Frisbie. James Abram Garfield. Speech at the Memorial 
Observances of the citizens of Worcester, September 26, 1881. 

Hoar, George Frisbie. President Garfield's New England Ancestry. A 
^aper read before the American Antiquarian Society, October 21, 1881. 

Hoar, George Frisbie. Eulogy upon the Life, Character, and Public 
Services of James Abram Garfield, delivered at the invitation of the 
City Council of Worcester, Mass., December 30, 1881. 

Hoar, George Frisbie. Memoir of Samuel Hoar. 1882. 

Hoar, George Frisbie. Address at the Dedication of the Lincoln Li- 
brary, August 5th, 1884. 

Hoar, George Frisbie. Memoir of Alexander Hamilton Bullook. 1883. 

Hoar, George Frisbie. Address Delivered before the City Government 
and Citizens on the Two Hundredth Anniversary of Worcester, October 
14th, 1884. 

Hoar, George Frisbie. Obligations of New England to the County of 
K^nt. A paper read before the American Antiquarian Society, April 

29th, 1885. 

Hoar, George Frisbie. Oration on the Two Hundred and Fiftieth Anni- 
versary of the Incorporation of Concord, September 12th, 1885. 

Hoar, George Frisbie. Obituary Address at the Funeral of Prof. Wiley 
Laud, February 18th, 1885. 

Hoar, George Frisbie. Speech in the Senate of the United States on the 
Besolutions of Bespect for the Memory of Henry B. Anthony, January 
19th, 1885. 



Hoar, Qjbobge Fbisbu. John O. Whittier. Remarks before the Essex 
Club, November 12th, 1887. 

Hoar, Qeorge Feisbie. Commemoratiye Address oh William Barrett 
Washburn. Delivered before the Connecticat Valley Congregational 
Clttb, November 29th, 1887. * * , 

Hoar, George Frisbie. Oration at the Celebration of the Centennial of 
the Fonnding of the Northwest, at Marietta, Ohio, April 7th, 1888. 

Hoar, George Frisbie. Speech at the Celebration by the Pilgrim Society 
at Plymouth of the Completion of the National Monument to the Pil- 
grims, August 1st, 1889. 

Holt, Henry Hobart. The History of Muskegon County, Bfichigan. 
Muskegon Chronicle Printing House, 1887. 
8to, pp. 104. 

HOPPIN, James Mason. Life of Andrew Hull Foote, Rear- Admiral United 

States Navy. By James Mason Hoppin, Professor iu Tale College. 

New York : Harper and Brothers, Pnt>li8hers, Franklin Square, 1874. 
Portrait and iCnstratioiifi. 

Hoppin, Jakes Mason. Memoir of Henry Armitt Brown, with four His- 
torical Orations. Philadelphia: J. B. Lip^incott &, Co. London: 
16 Southampton street, Covent Garden, 1880. 

Hoppin, James Mason. History of Preaching : First Division of *' Homi- 
letics." New York : Doddj Mead &. Co. 

Hoppin, James Mason. The Early Renaissance. Two lectures deliv- 
ered at the Tale Art School, January 14 and 21, by James M. Hoppin, 
Professor of the History of Art. New Haven, 1880. 

Hoppin, James Mason. Murillo : an Historical Sketch. 
The New Englander for Jaly, 1889. 

HoRSFORD, Ebbn Nobton. The Indian Names of Boston and their Mean* 
ing. By Eben Norton Horsford. Read before the New England Historic- 
Genealogical Society, November 4, 1885. Cambridge, Mass.: John 
Wilson & Sou, University Press, 1886. 

Svo and 4to, pp. 26, 4 maps. 

Two editions, priyately printed: 8to. 1,500 copies; 4to, 500 copies. 

Keyiewed iu Boston Evening Tranacript^ November 4, 1885. 

HoR^OBD, Eben Norton. John Cabot's Landfall in 1497 and the Site of 
Norumbega. A letter to Chief Justice Daly, President of the Amer- 
ican Geographical Society. By Eben Norton Horsford. Cambridge : 
John Wilson <& Son, University Press, 1886, 

4to and Svo, pp. 42, maps. 

Two editions: 8ro, 2,500; 4to, 1,000. Privfttely printed. 

HoBSFOBD, Eben Norton. Discovery of America by Northmen. Address 
at the Unveiling of the Statue of Leif Erikson, delivered in Fanenil 
Hall, October 29, 1887. By Eben Norton Horsford. Boston and New 
York : Houghton, Mifflin & Co. Cambridge : The Riverside Press, 1888. 

4to, pp. 113, illastratiOQS, 15 maps. 

Edition. 500. 

HoRSFOBD, Eben Norton. The Problem of the Northmen. A letter to 
Judge Daly, the President of the Americau Geographical Society, on the 
opinion of Justin Wiusor, that ''though Scandinavians may have 
reached the shores of Labrador the soil of the United States has not 


one vestige of their presence." By Eben Norton Horsfotd. Cam- 
bridge : Jpfan Wilson and Son, University PresSy 1889. 

4to, pp. 23, 7 maps, 4 plates. 
Privately printed. Edition. 500. 
Reviewed in Bc9ton Evening Trmmeript, Jnne 14, 1889. 
HowABD, Cbcil Hampdbn. Brattleborough in Yerse and Prose. Com- 
piled and arranged by Cecil Hampden Howard. Brattleborongh, Vt. : 
Frank £. Housh, Pablisfaer, 1885. 

12mo, pp. 00, 1 plate ; 1,200 oopiee. Not electrotyped. 

The materials were oollected with a view to preserving the cream of the litera- 
tnre (historic and otherwise) that had been writtei) by a wide circle of anthors on 
varioos phases of Brattleboroagh life. It was favorably reviewed in local and 
State papers ; also in TK« Oritie and The OhrUHan Union. 
Howard, Cecil Hampdex Cutts. Life and Public Services of Brig. Gen- 
eral John Woloott Phelps. By Cecil Hampden Cntts Howard. An 
address read before The New England Historic-Genealogical Society. 

Dec. 1, 1886. Brattleborough, Vt. : Frank £. Hoash & Co., 1887. 
12mo, pp. 68. 
500 copies. Not electrotyped. 

Howard, Cecil Hampden Cutts. Sketch of Mrs. William Jarvis, of 
Weathersfield, Vermont, by Mrs. Mary Pepperrell Sparhawk (Jarvis) 
Cntts. Edited by Cecil Hampden Cntts Howard. 

Sto, pp. 33. 

Reprinted ftom HUtorieal OoUeetUms of the Euex /n«eitiiis, Salem, Mass., Vol. 
a«. 1887. 

Howard, Cecil Hampden Cutts* The Cntts Family. A Forgotten Link. 

Maine HUtorieal and Qenealogieal Recorder, Vol. iv, pp. 204-207, No. 4. 1887. 

Howard, Cecil Hampden Cutts. Iiouisa May Alcott. 

iroman,yol. i. No. 6, May 1888, 8vo, pp. 455-464. Xllnstrated. 

Howard, Cecil Hampden Cutts. The Sparhawk Family. 

Hietorieal OoOeetione of the Ettex Inetitute, Salem, Mass., Vol. 25, Nos. 1-2, 
The^penhig papers on a genealogy, in brief form, of the Sparhawk family. 

Howard, Cecil Hampton Cuits. Anna Holyoke Howard. 

Woman'e J^agazine, Vol. 13, December, 1888. Also in New England Rittorie- 
Qenealogieal Eegitter, VoL 24, October. 1880. 

Howard, Cecil Hampden Cutts. Deserted Graveyards. 

Maine Hiet&rieal and Genealogical Recorder^ Vol. 5, 18S8. 
Howard, Gborqe Elliott. The Place of History in Modern Edacation. 
An address delivered before a*joint session of the members of the 
Nebraska State Historical Society and the State University, January, 

Pablished in Tramaetione and Report* of the State Hietorieal Society, VoL i, pp. 

Howard, George Eluott. Johns Hopkins University. Studies in His- 
torical and Political Science. Extra Volumes IV and V. An Intro- 
duction to the Local Constitutional History of the United States. By 
George Elliott Howard, Professor of History in the University of 
Nebraska. Vol. I . Development of the TownshipjHundred, and Shire. 
Baltimore : Publication Agency of the Johns Hop kins University, 1889. 
8vo, pp. XT, 628, Vol. I. 

Ck>ntains on extended list of anthoritlM cited. Vol. ii, in preparation, will treat 
of the ** Development of the City." 
Edition, 1,200 copies. 


B«rfewed in The JnUrOoMn, Jane 15, 1888; Kwf Tork Sun, Jnne 13, IBM ; the 
Indepmdeni.Jxme 27, 1889; Magcutine qf American SUtory, Joly, 1889 ; Neto Twrk 
Tribune^ July 13, 1889; Magazxne of WetUm HiMtory, August 1688; Bo$ton Herald, 
AuguBt 2, 1889; Boiton Pott, August 10, 1889; Springfield (Mass.) Jttpuliiean, 
August 21, 1889; PhUadelphia Prttu, August 31. 1889; by Professor Frank J. 
Goodnow in PoUHeal Science Quarterly, September, 1889; Overland Monthly, 
September; 1889; Literary World (Bostoo). September 14, 1889; Popidar Science 
Monthly, October, 1889; by Hon. James O. Pierce in thq Dial, October, 1889; The 
Nation, October 3, 1889; the OriHe, October 5, 1889; Saturday Review, Octobers^ 

Howe, Wijlliam Wirt. Life of Jadge F. X. Martin. . New Orleans : 
James Gresham, Pablisher, 1882. 

8vo, pp. 85. 

Prefixed to second edition of ''Martin's History of I«onia^a." 

Edition, 1,000 copies. 

Howe, Wiluam Wirt. Mnnicipal History of New Orleans. Baltimore : 
Pablioation Agency Johns Hopkins University, April, 1889. 

8vo, pp. 83. 

Hudson, Richard. The German Empire. 

yew Englander and Tale Review, Vol. xn, May 1888, 8vo, pp. 811-890. 

Hudson, Hichard. State Autonomy versus State Sovereignty. 

New Englander and Tale Review, Vol. xii, January, 1888, 8to, pp. 35-4S. 

Isham, F. Questions of the Day. No. XLI. The Fishery Question, its 
Origin, History, and Present Situation. New York : G. P. Putnam's 
Sons, 1887. 

Jameson, John Frankun. The Origin and Development of the Munioi* 
pal Government of New York City. I. The Dutch Period. 

M<ig<uine of American History, Vol. vm. No. 5, May, 1882, 8to, pp. 815^380. 
Criticised iu the same, July, 1882, pp. 511-512. by B[ertholdl Ffernow]. 

Jameson, John Franklin. The Origin and Development of the Munici- 
pal Qovernment of New York City. Part Second. The English and 
American Period. 

Magazine of American History,'Yol. viil, No. 9, September, 1882, 8to, pp. 998-611. 

Jameson, John Franklin. Montauk and the Common Lands of East- 
hampton, Long Island. 

Magatine of American History, Yd. u, Na 4, April, 1883, 8vo, pp. 22&-S89. 

Jameson, John Franklin. Synopsis of Monroe's Presidential Messages. 
Bibliography of Monroe, and the Mdnroe Doctrine. 

American Statesman. James Monroe in his Relations to the Public Service dnr> 
ing Half o Century. 1776 to 1826. By Daniel C. Oilman, President of the Johns 
Hopkins University, Baltimore. Boston: Houghton, Mlf&in & Co., 1888. lOmo, 
pp. 229^280. 

Jameson, John Franklin. Records of the Town of Amherst, from 1735 
to 1788. Edited by J. F. Jameson. Amherst, Ma»s. : Press of J. E« 
WiUiams, 1884. 
8vo, pp. 100. 
Edition, 125 copies. 
Reprinted ftt>m Amherst-Beeord of l888-*84. 

Jameson, John Franklin. Reviews of Bancroft's " Formation of the Con- 
stitution," Scott's ^'Development of Constitutional Liberty," Doyle's 
"English ColoDies"(I),Lowoir8 '' Hessians," Schoulees "United States^ 


(I, II), Cortis's <' BuchanaD/' McMaster'tt "United States'' (I), Park- 
man's " Montoalm and Wolfe." the first nine volumes in the ''American 
Statesmen" series, and Doebu's ''Beitriige znr Geschiohte der nord- 
amerikanischen Union." 

Yon SyUTt Hittorisdu ZeiUehrifl, neao Polge,Bd.xv, pp. 189>-191. 55»-561 ; Bd. 
xvn. pp. 1R2-1R6. 381, 382; Bd. xxi, pp. ]80-190 ; Bd. xxvi, p. 188, [1884-1888]. 

Jambsox, Jobx Franklin. Johns Hopkins University Studies in Histor- 
ical and Political Science. Foarth series. , V. An introdnction to the 
Stndy of the Constittftional and Political History of the States. Bv J. 
Franklin Jameson^ Ph. D., Associate in History, Johns Hopkins Uni- 
▼erSiity. Baltimore: N. Murray, Publication Agent, Johns Hopkins 
University, May, 1886. 

8vo, pp. 29. 

Jameson, John Franklin. Papers of the American Historical Associa- 
tion. Vol. II. No. 3. Willem Usselinx, Founder of the Dutch and Swed- 
ish West India Companies. By J. Franklin Jameson, Ph. D., Johns 
Hopkins University. New York and London : 6. P. Putnam's Sons, The 
Knickerbocker Press, 1887. 
8vo. pp. 284. 

Contaios a full and critical bibliography of the published and unpubliahed wilt* 
ingB of Usselinx. 

Jameson, John Frankun. Historical Writinjc in the United Stat-es, 1783- 
1861. A public lecture delivered in the hall of the Johns Hopkins Uni- 

EngHtehe SttidUn, Band xii, Heft 1, 1888, 8to, pp. 5d-77. 

The Uiird of a eq^les of foar lectares on the history of historieal writing in 

Jameson, John Franklin. Historical Writing in the United States since 
1861. A public lecture delivered in the hall of the Johns Hopkins Uni- 

Jlnglisehe Studim, Band xui. Heft 2, 1^, 8vo, pp. S30-246. 

The fourth of the same series. 

Jameson, John Franklin. Review of '* The American Commonwealth. 

By James Bryce." 

The Juridieal Review, Vol. t, No. 2, April. 1889, 8to, pp. 204-210. 

Jameson, John Franklin. The Old Federal Court of Appeal. By Pro- 
fessor J. Franklin Jameson, of Brown University. 

Papereof the Afnerican Hietorieal Ateoeiation, Vol. in. Na 2, 1889, 8vo, pp. 137-148. 

Jameson, John Franklin. Introductory Notice and Continuation to 1889. 
The German War and the Third Republic. In "A History of France. By 
Victor Duruy, member of the French Academy," Abridged and trans- 
lated from the seventeenth French edition by Mrs. M. Carey. New 
' York : Thomas Y. Crowell & Co., 1889. 
12mo, pp. vil-xii. 557-^77. 

The Introductory Notice consists mainly of an acconnt of the life and writioga 
of M. Dnmy. 

Jameson, John Frankun. Essays in the Constitutional History of the 
United States in the Formative Period, 1775-1789, By Graduates 
and Former Members of the Johns Hopkins University. Edited by 
J. Franklin Jameson, Ph.D., late Associate in the Johns Hopkins 
University, Profe.s8or of History in Brown University. Boston and 


New York: Hoaghton, Mifflin and Company. The Riverside Press, 
Cambridge, 1889. 

8vo, pp. xiii, 321. 

Bdltion, 500 copies. 

Containa • The Predeceaaor of the Supreme Conrt, by tbe Sditor ; The Hove- 
ment Toward a Second Constitniional CooTention in 1788, by Edward P. Smith; 
The Development of the Kxeoutiye Departments, by Jay C. Gaggenheimer ; The 
Period of Constitution-Making in the American Churchee, by Wm. P. Trent; The 
Status of the Slave, 1775-1780, by Jettny B. Brackett 

Mr. Jameson also oontribated the " Tenns " in American History and Politicii to 
the Century Dictionary. Published by the Centnry Company, New York 1 1888 1. 

Jay, John. The Progress aad Resnlts of Emancipation in the West 
Indies. A lectilre delivered before the Philomathian Society of the 
City of New York. New York: Wiley & Pntnam, 1842. 

8vo, pp. 39. 

Jat, John. Caste and Slavery in the American Chnrch. New York and 
London : Wiley & Putnam, 1843. 

8vo, pp. 51. 

Quoted and approved by Dr. WUberforoe, Bishop of Oxford, in his *' History of 
the American Church." 

Jat, John. America Free— or America Slave. An address on the State 
of the Country, delivered at Bedford, New York, October 8, 1856. 
New York : Tribune Office. 

8vo, pp. 20. 

Contains a ma]^ of the United States, showing the free and the slave States. 

Jay, John. The American Church and the African Slave Trade. A speech 

in the New York Diocesan Convention of the Protestant Episcopal 

>Church, on the 27th September, 1860. With a noto of the proceedings 

had in that council od the subject. New York: Hoe Lockwood &, 

Sons, 1860. 

8vo, pp. 30. 

Jay, John. Sketch of Mrs. John Jay, wife of Chief Justice Jay, born 1757, 
died 1802. With portrait. 

8vo, pp. 48-85. 

Included in Mrs. Ellett's "Queens of American Society," New. York: Charles 
Scribner &, Co., 1867. New Edition. Phiiadelphia : Porter & Coates, 1889. 

Jay, John. The Rise aud Fall of the Pro-Slavery Democracy, and the 
Rise and Duties of the Republican Party. Ndw York : Roe Lockwood 
dD Co., 1861. 
8vo, pp. 43. 

An address to the citizens of Westchester County, K. Y. Delivered at the Court- 
Hon^e at Bedford, November 5, 1860. 

Jay, John. The Great Conspiracy aud England's Neutrality. New York: 
Roe Lockwood & Son. Londou : Triibner & Co, 1861. . 

8vo, pp. 50. 

An address delivered at Mount Kisco, Westchester County, N. Y., on the 
Fourth of July, 1861.. 

Jay, John. The New York Election and the State of the Country. N» w 
York: John F.Trow, 1862. 
8vo, pp. 24. 

Addi-ess to the citizens of Westchester Connty, delivered at Morrisanla, N. Y., 
October 30, 1862. 



Jat, John. The Relinqaishment of the Monroe Doctrine. New York, 
M»Tch 30, 1863. . ' 

8vo, pp. 8. " ' 

Letter to the obAiriBaii />f the execntive committee of Adopted CiilBens, etc. 

Jat; John. The Church and the Rebellion. Bedford, 1863. 
8vo, pp. 52. 
A letter to St. Matthew's Chnrch, Bodfonl, Wostcbeeter Coanty, N. Y. 

Jat, John. New Plottings in Aid of the Rebel Doctrine of State Sover- 
eignty. New York: A. D. F. Randolph. London: Trilbner & Co., 

8to, pp. 62. 

Secoml letter on Dawson's Introdaction to the Federali»t, with a note on the 
imftriendly policy of France towards the United States at the time of the treaty of 

Jat, John. The Narrowness of the call for the Baltimore Convention. 
New York : Baker <& Godwin, 1864. 

8vo, pp. 13. 

A letter to the Hon. Edwin D. Morgan, chairman of the R^ab]|^n committee. 

Jat, John. The Constitutional Principled of the Abolitionists, and their 
* endorsement by the American People. New York, 1864. 
8vo, pp. 12. 

A letter to the American Anti-Slavery Society on the 30th anniversary of it<« foun- 
dation in Philadelphia, December 30, 1833. . 

Jat, John. The Political Situation in the United States. London : Gil- 
bert & Rivington, 1866. 
8vo,pp.6(l. » 

Address to the Union LeagneClnb from Paris, Jnne23, 1866. I^rivately printed 
in Paris. Issued in New York by tiie Union League Clnb, and an edition printed 
by Kivington, Waterloo Place, I<ondon, 1886. 

Jay, John. The Union League Club of New York. Its Memories of the 
Past. New York, 1868. 
8vo, pp. 28. 

Address at the last meeting in the old club-house on Union Square,- March 26, 

• Jay, John.. Report as special commissioner appointed to represent the 
State of New York in the Board of Managers of the National Cemetery 
at Antietarn, 1868. 

8vo, pp. 48. 

" The report is accompanied by an official list of the soldiers fh>m this State who 
fell upon the battle-field, antheuticated by a careful comparison wilh original rec- 
on^i, possessing great historic value."— (jovrrnor Jl. E. Fenton to the Senate. 

Jay, John. The Presidential Election. What it Means for America and 
Europe. New York: Charles Scribner «fe Co., 1869. 
8vo, pp. 67. 
Address before the Grant and Colfax Clnb, Katonah, N. Y., October 21, 1868. 

Jay, John. Remarks on the Clarendon-Johnson Treaty for Adjusting the 
Alabama Claims. New York : Charles Scribner & Co.. 1869. 
8vo, pp. 16. 

Jay, JpHN. The Battle of Harlem Plains. Oration at the Commemoration 
of the Battle on its One Hundredth Anniversary by the New York His- 
torical Society. New York: Published by the Society, 1876. 

^vo, pp. S2. 


Jat, John. The Issues of the Presidential Ciimpaiga of Eig1if«eD Han* 
drod aud Seventy-six. Mt. Kisco, N. Y. : The Recorder, 1876. 
Svo, pp. 12. 
Addre«M delivered at ^Mford Conn- House, Weatcbeeter County, N. Y., October 

19, 1876. 

Jat, John. Colnmbia College. Her Honorable Record in the Past, with 
a Glance at Her Opportunities in the f^utnre. New York : Published 
hy the Aiumni Association of Columbia College, 1676. 

9 &T0, pp. 48. 

^ oentennial disconrae delivered before the Aaeooii^ion of the Alamni, I>ec6m- 

J AT, Joux. Motley's Appeal to History. New York : A. S. Barnes d:. Co., 

pp. 17. 

Reprinted from the Intemati<mal Review, 

Jay, Jotix. The Peace Negotiations of 1782 and 1783. An Address de- 
livered before the New York Historical Society on its Seventy-ninth 
Anniversary, Novemher 27, 1883. New York : Printed for the Society, 

pp. 239. 

ContainA a map of North America, sbowinft the boundaries of the United States, 
Canada, and the Spanish Possessions acoordinjs to the proposals of the Coart of 
France In 1781 

Jat, John. Count de Vergennes. The French Statesman's Influence in 

Magazine of American History, VoL xni, No. 1, January, 1885. pp. 31-^. 
Contaius portrait of Coaut do Vergennes, from a r.ire print in possession of the 

Jay, John. Pope Gregory XIII. and the Massacre of St. Bartholomew. 

8vo, pp. 10. 

Printed also in Proceedingg of the Huguenot Society of AmmM, Vol. i, Na % pp. 
45-50. It was delivered before the Huguenot Society of America, at their meetly; 
at Now Bochollo, N. Y., August 2i, 1885. the auuiveriMry of the masaausre of St. 
Bartholomew. It refers to the lett^-r of the Papal Nuncio, Salviati, and the Cardi- 
nal Ortiini recently discovered by Lord Acton. A reference to th» ^^•<^®^*''y <*f 
further evidence on the subject by Sir Henry Austin Layard, at Venice, may be 
fonnd in Mr. Jay's address before the Hngnenot Society of America. Vol. i. No. 2, 
pp. 84, 85. 

Jay, John. The Fisheries Dispute. A suggestion for its a4jnstment hy 
abrogating tbe convention of 1818, and resting on the rigl^» and liber- 
ties defined in the treaty of 1783. New York: Dodd, Mead & Co., 

8vo, pp. 52. 

A letter to Hon. William M. Evarts, United Stfktes Senator from New 7ork. 


Jat, John. The Peace Negotiations of 1782-1783, as Newly Illustrated by 
Conlidential Papers of Shelburne and Vergennes. A chapter in Vol. 
VII of Winsor's ** Narrative and Critical History of America." Bos- 
ton : Houghton, Mifflin & Co. 
pp. 89-184. 

Contains 9 portraits, G maps, and the signatores to the definitive treaty of peace 
in fao-slmile ; also 1 plate. 


Jay, John. The Peace Negotiatioos of 1782-1783, as Illastrated by the 
Secret Gorrespondeace of France and England. A paper read before 
the American HiBtorical AssooiatioDj Boston, May 27, 18^. New York : 
Knickerbocker Press, 1888. 

870, pp. 22. 

Beprinied from the Paper* of the Aineriean ffUtorieal AsBocidtion. 

Johnston, Eiizabbth Bryant. A Visit to the Cabinet of the United 

States Mint at Philadelphia. Philadelphia : J. B. Lippincott & Co., 


8vo, pp. 02, 2 pUtes. 
2,500 oopiM. 

Johnston, Elizabbth Bryant. Visitors' Gaide to Moant Vernon, 1876. 
lOmo, pp. 99, wood cats. 
Sixteen editions ; 25,000 oopies. 
' This little guide when issued in 1876 was not more than half its present size, but 
has grown from year to year. 

Johnston, Elizabeth Bryant. Original Portraits of Washington, iu- 
olnding basts, statues, nionnments, and medals. By Elizabeth Br van t 
Johnston. Boston : James B. Osgood & Co., 1882. 

Royal 4to, pp. 250, 32 plates. 

600 copies. 

Johnston, William Preston. Personal Reminiscences, Anecdotes, and 
Letters of Gen. Robert E. Lee. By Rev. J. William Jones, D. D. 
New York : D. Appleton' & Co. , 1876. 

Chapter xm and sereral other portions were contributed by Mr. Johnston. 

Johnston, William Preston. The Life of Gen. Albert Sidney John- 
' ston, embracing his services in the Armies of the United States, the 
Repablio of Texas, and the Confederate Stat«s. By William Preston 
Johnston. New York : D. Appleton & Co., 1878. 
With illnstrationB on steel and wood. 
Editon, 7,000 copies. 

Jones, Charles Colcock, Jr. Indian Remains in Southern Georgia. 
Address delivered before the Georgia Historical Society on its Twentieth 
Anniversary, Febrnary 12, 1859. By Charles C. Jones, jr. Savannah, 
Ga. : JohnM. Cooper & Co., 1859. 

8vo, pp. 25. 

Jones, Charles Colcock, Jr. Oration delivered on the occasion of the 
Celebration of the Seventy-fifth Anniversary of the Chatham Artil- 
lery of Savannah, May 1, 186L Savannah, Ga. : John M. Cooper and 
Company, 1861. 
Svo, pp. 65. 

Jones, Charles Colcock, Jr. Monumental Remains of Georgia. By 
Charles C. Jones, jr. Part first. Savannah, Ga. : John M. Cooper and 
Company, 1861. 

Svo, pp. 119, 1 illustration. 

Edition, 250 oopies. 

Jones, Charles Colcock, Jr. Report of Charles C. Jones, jr., Mayor of 
the City of Savannah, for the year ending September 30th, 1861. 
Savannah, Ga : John M. Cooper &, Co., 1861. 
8vo, pp. 37. 



JONBS, Chajilbs Colcock, Jr. HUtorical Sketch of the Chatham Artil- 
lery dttriDg the Confederate Straggle for lodependenoe. By Charles C. 
Jones, jr., late Lieat.-Colonel of Artillery, C. S. A. Albany, N. T. : 
Joel Mnnsell, 1867. 

Svo, pp. 240, 3 illnatntloiis. 

SditiODf 500 oopfes. 

JoNBS, Charlks ColcocKi Jr. The History of the Charch of God daring 
the Period of Revelation . By Rev. Charles Coloock Jones, D. D. Ne w 
York : Charles Scribner & Co., 1867. 

8to, pp. 568. 
' Edited, with prefatory note, bj Charles C. Jones, Jr. 
Edition, 500 oopies. 

JoNiESy CharLes Colcock, Jr. Ancient Tamali on the Savannah River. 
By Charles C. Jones Jr. New York, 1868. 
8yo, pp. 14. 

Jones, Charles Colcock, Jr.. Historical Sketch of Tomo-Chi-Chi, Hico 
of the Yamacraws. By Charles C. Jones, Jr. Albany, N. Y.: Joel 
MunseH^ 1868. 

8to, pp. 183. 
Edition, 250 copies. 

Jones, Charles Colcock, Jr. Ancient Tomali in Georgia. From a 
paper read before the American Antiquarian Society in Boston, at the 
Hall of the American Academy in the Athenronm Baitding, Beacon 
street, April 28, 1869, by Charles C. Jones, Jr. Worcester, Mass., 

8yo, pp, 29, 2 plates. 

Jones, Charles Colcock, Jr. Reminiscences of the Last Days, Death 
and Barial of General Henry Lee. By Charles C. Jones, jr. Albany, 
N. Y. : Joel Mnnsell, 1870. 
Small 4to, pp. 43, portrait. 

Jones, Charles Colcock, Jr. Casimir Palaski. An Address delivered 
before the Georgia Historical Society by Charles C. Jones, jr., npon the 
occasion of the Celebration of its Thirty-second Anniversary, Febmary 
13, 1871. Savannah, Ga. : Morning News Office, 1673. 
8vo, pp. 28. 

This address was likewise published in the third Tolame of OoUeeHom o/ th4 
Georgia Historical Society, Savannah, 6a., 1873, 8vo, pp. 335^10. 

Jones, Charles Colcock, Jr. Antiquities of the Soathem Indians, par- 
ticalarly of the Georgia Tribes. By Charles C. Jones, jr. New York : 
D. Appleton and Company, 1873. 

8vo, pp. 532, 30 plates and three wood-cnts. 

Edition, 1,000 copies. 

Jones, Charles Colcock, Jr. Antiquity of the North American Indians. 

North American Review for Janoary, 1874, Vol. cxvrn, pp. 70-87. 

Jones, Charles Colcock, Jr. The Siege of Savannah, in 1779, as de- 
scribed in two Contemporaneous Journals of French Officers In the 
Fleet of Count lyEstaing. Translated and annotated by Charles C. 
Jones, jr. Albany, N. Y. : Joel Mnnsell, 1874. 
4to, pp. 77, with map. 
Edition, 250 copies. 


JOKSS, Cbarlbs Colcock, Jr. The Siege of Savannah in Deoember, 1864, 
and the Confederate Operations in Georgia and the Third Military ' 
District of South Carolina 4^>uiiig General Sherman's March from At- 
lanta to the Sea. 'By Charles C. Jones, Jr., late Lient. Col. Artillery, C. 
S. A., and Chief of Artillery dnring the Sfege. Albany, N. T. : Joel 
Mnnsell, 1874. 


Edition, 1,000 copies. 

JONBS, Charles Oolcock, Jr. Sergeant William Jasper. An Address 
delivered before the Georgia Historical Society, in Savannah, Georgia, 
on 3d of January, 1876, by Charles C. Jones, Jr. Albany, N. T. : Joel 
Mnnsell, 1876. 

Sto, ppk 36. 

Jokes, Charles Colcock, Jr. A Roster of General Officers, Heads of 
Departments, Senators, Representatives, Military Organisations, etc., * 
etc., in Confederate Service daring the War between the States. By 
Charles C. Jones, jr., late Lieat. Col. qf Artillery, C. S. A. Richmond, 
Va. : Sonthem Historical Society, 1876. 

8ro, pp. 130. 

Jones, Charles Colcogk, Jr. Aboriginal Stmctures in Georgia. By 
Charles C. Jones, Jr. Washington : Government Printing Office, 1878. 
Reprintod Crom the Smithsonian Report for 1877. 
Sro, pp. 13. five plates. 
JoMBS, Charles Colcock, Jr. The Dead Towns of Georgia. By Charles 
C. Jones, Jr. Savannah, Ga.: Morning News Steam Printing Honse, 
1878. ' 

8to, pp. 263, flye UlnstTations. 

This work was incorporated in the fourth volame of CoUetlAon* of the Georgia 
HittorioaL Society. 3t0 eopies printed separately. 

Jones, Charles Colcock, Jr. The Life and Services of Commodore 
Josiah Tattnall. By Charles C. Jones, jr. Savannah, Ga. : Morning 
News Steam Printing House, 1878. 

Syo, pp. 255, and appendix, portrait 

Edition, 500 copies. 

Jones, Charles Colcock, Jr. Oration pronounced hy CoL Charles C. 
Jones, Jr., oh the 31st October, 1878, upon the occasion of the Unveil- 
ing and Dedication of the Confederate Monument, erected by the La- 
dies Memorial Association of Augusta, in Broad Street, in the City of 
Augusta, Georgia. Augusta, Ga., 1878. 
8vo, pp. 9, 1 illnstratlon. 

Jones, Charles Colcock, Jr. An Address delivered before the Confed- 
erate Survivors' Association, in Augusta, Ga., at its First Annual Meet- 
ing, on Memorial Day, April 26th, 1879, by Col. Charles C. Jones, Jr. 
Augusta, Ga., 1879. 
8to, pp. S. 

Jones, Charles Colcock, Jr. Hernando de Soto. The adventures en- 
countered and the ronte pursued by the Adelantado during his march 
through the territory embraced within the present geographical limits 
of thebState of Georgia. By Charles C. Jones, Jr. Savannah, Ga. : J. 
H. Estill, Morning News Steam Printing House, 1880. 

8vOk pp. 48, portrait; 

Bead before the Georgia Historical Society. 

8. Mis. 170 19 


JoKBS, Charles Colcock, Jr. An Address Delivered before the Confed- 
erate Sanrivors' Aseoeifttion, in Angnsta, Georgia* at ite Second Annaal 
Meeting, on Memorial Day, April 26, 1^80. By Col. Charles C. Jones, jr.. 
President of the Association. Angnsta, Ga., 1860. 
8vo, pp. 9. 

JoNKSy Charles Colcock, Jr. Memorial presented to His Grace, My Lord 
the Dake of Newcastle, Chamberlain of His Majesty, King George, etc., 
and Secretary of State, npon the present condition of Carolina and the 
Means of its Amelioration. By Jean-Pierre Pnrry, of NenfchAtel, 
Switzerland. Savannah, Ga. : J. ^. Estill; Printer. 

Small 4to, pp. 24. 
Edition, 250 copies. 

Translated, annotated by, and privately printed for Charles G. Jones, Jr., LL. D., 
Augusta, 6a., 1880. 
Jones, Charles Colcock, Jr. Centres of Primitive Manufacture in Geor- 

Magazine ofAfMriean HitUny for November, 1880, pp. 846-850. 

Jones, Charles Colcock, Jr. The Georgia Historical Society : its Found- 
ers, Patrons, and Friends. Anniversary Address delivered in Hodgson 
Hall, OD the 14th of February, 1881, by Charles C. Jones, jr., LL. D. 
Savannah, Ga., 1881. 

8vo, pp. 40. 

JONBS, Charles Colcock, Jr. An Address delivered before the Confed- 
erate Survivors' Association, in Augusta, Georgia, at its Third Annual 
Meeting, on Memorial Day, April 26th, 1881, by Col. Charles C. Jones, 
jr., LL. D., President of the Association. Augusta, Ga., 1881. 
Svo, pp. 11. 

Jones, Charles Colcock, Jr. Acts passed by the General Assembly of 
the Colony of Georgia, 1755 to 1774. Now first printed. Wormaloey 


Privately printed, 49oopiea, edited, with pre&tory note, andannotatedby Charles 
C. Jones, Jr., LL. D. 

Jones, Charles Colcock, Jr. William Few, Lieutenant-Colonel of Geor- 
gia Militia in the Revolutionary Service. 

Magagine of Ameriean HUtory for November, 1881, pp. 340-842( portrait. 

Jones, Charles Colcock, Jr. An Address delivered before the Coufede* 
rate Survivors' Association, in Augusta, Georgia, at its Fourth Annual 
Meeting, on Memorial Day, April 26th, 1882. By Col. Charles C. Jones, 
jr., LL. D., President of the Association. Augusta, Ga., 1882. 
8vo, pp. 7. 

Jones, Charles Colcock, Jr. Silver Crosses from an Indian Grave- 
Mound at Coosa wattee Old Town, in Murray County, Georgia. Wash- 
ington : Government Printing Office, 1883. 

pp. 6, 4 iliastrations. 

SmUhBonian Report for 1881. 

Jones, Charles Colcock, Jr. Military Lessons inculcated on the Coast 
of Georgia during the Confederate War. An Address deli vered before 
the Confederate Survivors' Association, in Augusta, Georgia, at it<8 
Fifth Annual Meeting, on Memorial Day, April 26, 1888. By Col. 
Charles C. Jones, jr., LL. D., President of the Association. Augusta, 

Ga., 1883. 
8yo, pp. 15. 



J0NS8, Crables Colcock, Jr. Faneral Oration pronounced by Charles 
C. Jones) Jr., LL. D., npon the occasion of the Obseqaies of Governor 

^ Alexander H. Stephens, at the Capitol, in Atlanta, Georgia, March 8th, 
1683. Atlanta, Ga., 1883. 

In tbe Memorial Volume, pp. 43-48, 8ro, pp. 84. 

Jones, Charles Colcock, Jr. The ^istory of Georgia. By Charles C. 
Jones, Jr., LL. D. Boston and New York: Honghton, HiflSin and 
Company. The Riverside Press, Cambridge, 1883. 

Vol. I. Aborlgliial aod Colonial Epochs. Syo^ pp. 556, 9 iUantrations. 

Vol. XL Sevolutionary Epoch. 8vq, pp.540, 10 illustrations. 

IdiUoo, 1,000 copies; electrotyped. ' 

Jones, Charles Colcock, Jr. General Sherman's March from Atlanta , 
to the Coaat. An address delivered before the Confederate Survivors' 
Association, in Angnsta, Georgia, at its Sixth Annual Meeting, on Me- 
morial Day, April 26, 188i, by Col. Charles C. Jones, jr., LL. D., 
Presiden^of the Assooiation. Augusta, Ga., 1^84. 
8to, pp. 19. 

Jones, Charles Colcock, Jr. The Life and Services of Ex-Governor 
Charles Jones Jenkins. A Memorial Address delivered before the Gen- 
eral Assembly of Georgia, in the Hall of the House of Representatives, 
at the Capitnl, in Atlanta, on the 23d of July, 1883, by Charles C. 
Jones, jr., LL. D. Atlanta, Ga. : James P. Harrison & Co., Printers « 
and Publishers, 1884. 

Jones, Charles Colcock, Jr. Geographical Sketch of Georgia. D. 
Appleton and Company, 1884. 

Jones, Charles Colcock, Jr. Button Gwinnett. 

Jiagagine of American HUtary for Koremher, 18S4, pp. 425-432. 

Jones. Charles Colcock, Jr. Tbe Necessity for Increasing the Salaries 

' of the Judicial Officers of Georgia. An Address delivered before the 

. Georgia Bar Association, at its annual meeting in Atlanta, Ga., on 

the 14th of August, 1884, by Charles C. Jones, jr., LL. D. Macou : 

J. W Burke & Co., 1885. 

Sf o, pp. 19. 

Jones, Charlies Colcock, Jr. The Battle of Honey- Hill. An Address 
delivered before the Confederate Survivors' Association, in Augusta, 
Georgia, at its Seveuth Annual Meeting, on Memorial Day, April 27, 
18^, by Col. Charles C. Jones, jr., LL. D., President of the Associa- 
tion. Angnsta, Ga., 1888. 
8vo, pp. 16. 

Jones, Charles Colcock, Jr. The Seizure and Reduction of Fort Pulaski. 

Magazine of American Hiatory for July, 1885, pp. 63-67. 

JoNESr Charles Colcock, Jr.. Sepulture of Major-General Nathanael 
Greene and of Brig. Gen. Count Casimir Pulaski. By Charles C. Jones, 
jr., LL. D. Angnsta, Ga. , 1885. 
Svo, pp. 14. 

Jones, Charles Colcock, Jr. The Life, Literary Labors, and Neglected 
Grave of Richard Henry Wilde. By Charles C. Jones, jr., LL. D, Au- 
gusta, Ga., 1885. 
8vo, pp. 21. 


Jones, Charles Colcock, Jr. BombardmeDts and Capture of Fort Mc- 

Magazine af American ffittory for November, 1885, pp. 501-508. 

Jones, Ch \rle6 Colcock, Jr. Brigadier General Robert Toombs. An Ad- 
dress delivered before tbe Confederate Snrvivors' Association, in An- 
gUHta, Georgia, at its Eigfath Aminal Meeting, on Memorial Day, April 
26th, 1886, by Col. Charles C. Jones Jr., LL. D., President of the Associa- 
tion. Augnsta, Ga. , 1886. 
8vo, pp. 17. 

Jones, Charles Colcock, Jr. Biographical Sketch of the Honorable 
Major John Habershaur, of Georgia. By Charlos C. Jones, jr., LL. D. 
Cambridge : The Riverside Press, 18%. 
8vo, pp. 90, portrait 
Prirately printed. 
J0NES9 Chartjecs Coix^ock, Jr. Negro Slaves daring the Civil War. 
Magtuine of American Hiitory ior Aagiut, 18(38, pp. 168-175. 

Jokes, Charles Colcock, Jr. A Journal of the Transactions of the Trus- 
tees for establishing the Colony of Georgia, in America. By the R^ 
Hon^i' John, Earl of Egmont, Viscount Percevai, of Canturk. Baron Per- 
ceval, of Burton, one of his Majesty's most Privy Cooncil in the King- 
dom of Ireland, and first President, of the Board of Trustees of the 

Colony of Georgia. No w first printed. Wormsloe, 1886. 
4to, pp. 493. 
Privately printed. 
49 copies. 
Edited, with prefktory note, and annotited by Charles C. Jones, jr, LL D. 

Jones, Charles Colcock, Jr. Monnroent to Gwinnett, Hall, and Walton, 
Signers from Georgia of the Declaration of Independence. 
Ma>gazine 0/ American Biitory for February, 1887, pp. 133, 134. 

Jones, Charles Colcock, Jr. The Old South. ' Address delivered before 
the Confedera,te Survivors' Associatiou, iu Augusta, Ga.,. on the occa- 
sion of its Ninth Annual Reunion, ou Memorial Day, April 26th, 1887, 
by Col. Charles C. Jones, jr., LL. D., Prosidnut of the Association. Au- 
gusta, G a., 1887. 

8vo, pp. 23. 

Jones, Charles Colcock, Jr. The Life and Services of the Honorable 
Maj. Gen. Samuel Elbert, of Georgia. By Charles C. Jones, jr., LL. D. 
An address delivered before the Georgia Historical Society, at Savan- 
nah, on the 6th of December, 1885. Cambridge : The Riverside Press, 
8vo, pp. 48. 

Jones, Charles Colcock, Jr. Hon. R. M. T. Hunter, Post-Bellum 
Mortality among Confederates. Address delivered before the Con- 
federate Survivors' Association at its Quarterly Meeting in Augusta, 
Georgia, August 2, 1887, by Col. Charts C. Jones, jr., LL. D., President 
of the Association. Augusta, Ga., 1887. 
' 8to, pp. 9. 

Jones, Charles Colcock, Jr. Memorandum of Roate pursued by Colonel 

Campbell in 1779, from Savannah to Augusta, Georgia. Annotated by 

Charles C. Jones, jr., LL. D. 

Magcuihe of American Sistory for September, 1887, pp. 250»268, and for October, 
1887, pp. 342*^8. 


Jokes, Cuamles Colcock, Jr. The English Colonizaticm of, Georgia, 
1733-1752. " Narrative and Critical Hiitory of America," Vol. v, pp. 
357-406. Boston and New York: Houghton, Mifflia and Company. 
.Cambridge : The Riverside Press, 16B7. ' 
12 illastratioDa. 

JONBS, CuAULES CoLcocK, Jr. The Evacuation of Battery Wagner aud 
the Battle of Ocean Pond. An Address delivered before the Couted- 
erate Suryivors' Associatiou, in Augusta, Georgia, on the occasion of 
its Tenth Annual Reunion, on Memorial Day, April 26th, 18^, by Col. 
Charles C^ Jones, jr., LL. D., President of the Association. Augusta, 
Ga., 188d. 

Sro, pp. 20. 

JONKS, Charles Colcock, Jr. Negro Myths from the Georgia Coast, told 
in the vernacular. By Charles C. Jones, jr., LL. D. Boston and New 
York : Houghton, Mifflin and Company. Cambridge : The Riverside 
Press, 1888. • 

16mo, pp. I7l. 
Edition, 1,000 copies. EIectrotyi>ed. 

Jones, Cuarlks Colcock, Jr. The Promulgation of the Declaration of 
Independence in Savannah, Georgia. 

Magazine of American Hitlory for September, 1888; pp. 202, 203. 

Jones, Charles Colcock, Jr. A Roster of the General Officers of the 
Couiederate States of America. 

The ColUetor for January, 1889, pp. 67-419, and for February, 1889, pp. 92-04. 

Jones, Charles Colcock, Jr. Address delivered at Midway Meeting 
House in Liberty County, Georgia, on the Second Wednesday in March, 
1889, on the occasion of the Relating of the Comer-Stone of a Monu- 
ment to be erected in honor of the Founding of Midway Chnrch and 
Congregation. By Charles C. Jones, Jr., LL. D. Angnsta, Ga., 1889. 

8vo, pp. 20. 

Jones, Charles Colcock, Jr. Georgians during the War between the 
States. An address delivered before the Confederate Survivors' Asso- 
ciation, in Augusta, Georgia, on the occasion of its Eleventh Annual 
Reunion, on Memorial Day, April 26, 1889, by Col. Charles C. Jones, 
Jr., LL. D., President of the Association. Augusta, Ga., 1889. 

8to, pp. 84. 

Jones, Charles Colcock, Jr. Kings, Presidents, and Governors of 
Georgia, 1732-1889. 

Magazine of American History for October, 1889, pp. 807-300. 

Jones, Charles Colcock, Jr. Article " Georgia " 

Chambers' " New Encyclopaedia," 1889. 

Jones, Charles Colcock, Jr. ^ Memorial History of Augusta, Georgia, 
during the Eighteenth Century. Syracuse, N. Y. : D. Mason and Com- 
pany, 1889. 
In press. 

Jones, Charles Colcock, Jr. Memorial History of Savannah, Georgia, 
during the Eighteenth Century. Syracuse, N. Y. : D. Mason and Com- 
pany, 18S9. 


Kkluno, Hbjs'RY. Historical Sketch of the Order of Knigits ofPythlaa 
in Waaliington Territory. •- Walla Walla, 1886. 
12mo. • 

Six pagefl in 12mo pamphlet in ''Pyhtian Points," pnblial^ed by iTUihoe Lodge, 
Ko. l,K.ofP. 

Kelung, Henry. Municipal History, a Condensed Review of the Govern- 
^inent of Walla Walla City, from its organizatiou to the present time. 
Pnbliflhed an a supplement to the Watta Watia DaUy Statetman, August 7, 188a 
Would Intake a 20*page, 8to pamphlet, In which shape it will soon be privately 
Kelsey, Francis Wuxby. The Genesis of Modern Free Institntions. 

The New Englander, YoL vn, No. 40, new series, July, 1884, 8yo, pp. 4^-500. 
Keusey, Francis Willey. The States General of France. 

I. The Origin of the States OenenJ. The New Unglander, VoL vn; No. 42, new 
series, November, 1884, pp. 704-787. 

II. The Constitotion.of the States General. The New Bnglander, YoL viii, Janu- 
ary, 1885, pp. 25-50. 

IIL The l^owers and Functions of the States (General. The New bnglander, YoL 
vnt, September. 1886, pp. 890-705 ; also YoL vin, November, 188S, pp. 818-^28. 

lY, The Causes of the Decline of the States General. 27m New Englander, Yol. 
IX, October, 18Q0, pp. 836-850. 

Kelsey, Francis Willey. Caaaar^s Gallic War. The Latin text, with 
historical Introdaction (pp. 1-46), notes, and vooahalary. By Francis 
W. Kelsey. Boston : John Allyn, 1686. 
8vo, pp. (7) 600. 

Fourth revised edition, Boston, AUyn &. Baoon, 1890. 
Number of copies in the four editions, 21,000. 

Illustrated with 6 chromo-lithograph plates, portrait of Ctesar, map of Craul^ and 
14 iMittle plans in two colors, based upon the plans in the Atlas published with 
Napoleon's *' Histoire de Jules C6sar." 
Noticed in The Nation, New York, Yal, xliv, No. 1124, January 13, 1887, p. 34 ; The 
OriUe, New York, Yol. vn, No. 164, February 19, 1887, p. 89. 

Kelsey, Francis Willey. M. Tulli Ciceronis Cato Maior de Senectute, 
Laetins de Amlcitia. With introductions and notes by James S. Beid, 
M. L., Fellow of Gonville and Cains College, Cambridge. American 
edition, revised by Francis W. Kelsey. Boston : John AUyn, 1882. 
Third edition, 1887. 

pp. 272. Number of copies in three editions, 8,000. 

The introductions (pp. 39) discuss Cicero ab a philosopher and the matter of the 
Kelsey, Francis Willey. Xenophon's Anabasis. Books I-I V . Edited by 
Francis W. Kelsey and Andrew C. Zenos. With an historical introduc • 
tion [pp. 1-49] by 'E'rancis W. Kelsey, Ph. D., Professor in the Univer- 
sity of Michigan. Boston: Allyn and Bacon, 1889. 

8to, pp. (6) 564. 3,000 copies printed. 

Illustrated with 4 chromolithograph plates, a map, and 6 plans showing military 

Kelsey, Francis Willey, T. Lucreti Cari de Reram Natara Libri ;Sex. 
With an introdaction and notes to Books I, III, and V. By Francis 
W. Kelsey. Boston : John AUyn, 1884. 

pp. 444. 

Edition, 1.000 copies. Second edition. Boston : Allyn and Bacon, 1389. 

The introduction (pp. 50) discusses the life and personality of Lucretius, his mis- 
sion in philosophy, and bis rank as a poet. 

Noticdl : The Academy (London), No. O'lO, April 15, 1885; The PreebyteriAn Review, 
July. 1885, p. 582. 


Kelsey, Fbamcis Willey. An Outline of the Greek and the Roman Myth- 
ology. By FranoiB W. Eelsey, Ph. D., Professor of Latin in the Uni- 
versity ot Michigan. Boston : Allyn and Bacon, I'^BQ. 



Kklton, Dwight H. Annals of Fort Mackinac. By Dwight H. Kelton, 

LL. D., Captain U. S. Army. 1889. 
8to, pp. 144. Blastrated . 1 , 000 copies . 

Keltom, Dwight H. Indian Names and History of the Saolt Ste. Marie 
Canal. 1889. 

'^ 8to, pp. 82, illiutrated, 1,600 oopiea. 

KsLTON, Dwight H. Indian Names of Places near the Great Lakes. VoL 
I. 1888. 

8to, pp. 55. 500 copies. 

Vol. 2, 04 pp., now in press. All of the " Indian Names " were written by the em* 
inent philologist and Indian scholar, the late Very Rev. Edward Jaoker, of Michi- 
gan. In compliance with his request he was not credited with being the author. 

King, Horatio. History of the Beginning of the Rebellion. A brief ac- 
ooant C^hy our own correspondent," New York Timegj ander date No- 
vember 27, 1865) of plots and conspiracies in Washington City and 
vicinity in the winter of 1861. 

King, Horatio. Pai)er in defence of James Bnchanan, embracing private 
letters from him teaching the civil war, the assassination of President 
Lincoln, etc. 

Xew York Galaxy, October, 1870. 

King, Horatio. Reminiscences of the Early Stages of the Rebellion. 

LippincoU'g Magatine, Philadelphia, April, 1872. 

King, Horatio. The Graves and Cilley Duel. 

National Magazine, Washington, 1). C, February, 1875. 

Kino, Horatio. Buchanan's Loyalty, - embracing private letters from 
Franklin Pierce, John A. Dix, Naham Gapen, Edward Everett, Dan- 
iel S. Dickinson, and the author. 

OmUury Magazine, New York, December, 1881. 

King, Horatio. President Bachanan Vindicated. 

Magazine of American History, New York, May, 1883. 

King, Horatio. The Battle of Bladenshurg and Bnming of Washington 
in 1814. 

Magazine of American Hittoty, New York, November, 1885. Also article on 
"Bladensbarg Races," In January number, 1886, and letter firom British Chaplain- 
General, George K. Gloig, etc., relating to the battle, in number for May, 1886. 

King, Horatio. The Trent Affair. 

Magazine of American History, New York, If arch, 1886. 

King, Horatio. My First and Last Sight of Abraham Lincoln. 
Magazine of American History, New York, September, 1886. 

King, Horatio. Incidents in Sir Walter Ealeigh's Life. 
Magazine of American Bistory, March, 1887. 

King, Horatio. Private letter from President Buchanan to Royal Phelpsi 
December, 1860. 

Meigazine qf American History, July, 1887. 


KiKG, HORATIO. '' The Genesis of the Civil War," a oritiqae on Qenerai 

Samuel W. Crawford's book under that title, and in Tindioation of the 

administration of President Buchanan. 

Nationai JtepubKeaii, WMhinKton, FebroAry 2, 1888^ and New Fork Sunday Star, 
February ft-12, i88& 

King, John Alsop. The Framing of the Federal Constitution and the 
Causes leading thereto. [Address delivered by Mr. King, President 
of the New York Historical Society, on its 83d Anniversary, on, the 1.5th 
day of November, 1887, and printed by order of the Society in 1688. ] 

870, pp. 40. 
250 oopiea. 

Kino, RtJFUS. American Commonwealths. Ohio : First Fruits of the Or- 
dinance of 1787. Boston : Houghton, Mifflin Sl Co., 1888. 
12ino, pp. 427, two maps. 
Edition, 1, 600 oopiea. 

RoTiewed in: Oineinnati Oommereial QcuetU; OleveUmd Leader; Ohieago Timse; 
Bufaio Expreee,- BotUm Advertieer, Traveller, Traneeript, and Poet; yew York Even- 
ing Poet^ Natum, and Oritie: Philadelphia Ledger; Penn Sehool Journal; Bethlehem 
Moravian; The Capiiol, Waahington. 

Kingsbury, Frbderigk John. Chicago in 1856. 
Putnam'e Magazine, Vol. vii. 

Kingsbury, Frederick John. Recollections of James 6. Percival. 
Putnam*e Magaxme, Vol. vni. 

KiNGSBORY, Frederick John. Jeremiah Day, D. D., LL. D., President 
of Yale College. 

New Haven Palladium^ Angust 29, 1867. 

Kingsbury, Frederick John. Hon. Charles G. Loring. 

Waterbury American, October 16, 1867. 

Kingsbury, Frederick John. Silas Bronson. 

Preface to fine catalogne of Bronson Library, Waterbnry, 1868. 

Kingsbury, Frederick John. Cliief Justice Joel Hinman. 

"Connecticnt Reports," Vol. xxxv; Cothren'a *' History of Woodbury," Vol. n. 

Kingsbury, Frederick John. Samuel Alfred Foote, LL. D., Chief Jus- 
tice New York Court of Appeals. 

Waterbury American, November 12, 1873. 

Kingsbury, Frederick John. Old Connecticut. 

New Baven Colony HietoriaU Society Papere, Vol. m. 

Also in pamphlet, New Haven : Tuttlo, Morehooae & Taylor, 18^. 

Kingsbury, Frederick John. Dutch Words and Names. 

Papere oj the American Hietorical Aeeoiiation, Vol. i. 

Kingsbury, Frederick John. Leavenworth Genealogy. Several bio- 
graphical sketches. Syracuse: £. W. Leavenworth, 1873. 

Knight, Qeorge Wells. Papers of the American Historical Association. 
Vol. 1. No. 3. History and Management of Land Qrante for Education 
in the Northwest Territory (Ohio, Indiana, Illinois, Michigan, Wiscon- 
sin). By George W. Knight, Ph. D. New York and London : O. P. 
Putnam's Sons, The Knickerbocker Press, 1685. 

8vo, pp. 73-248. 

Knight, George Wells. Sketch of the History of Land Grants for Com- 
mon Schools in Michigau. 

In printed pftpern of the Hiohlgan Sioneer Society, 885. 


Knight, Gsorob Wells. Hisfory of Educational Progress in Ohio. By 
George W. Knigbt, Ph. D. Columbus, Ohio : Henry Howe A. 8on, 

A special chapter in '* The History of Ohio," by Henry Howe, two volnmee. 

Ladd, Horatio Ouvbr. Elements of Natoral Science in oar Public 
Sohoolfl. By Pi-of. Horatio O. Ladd, Principal of State Normal School, 
Plymouth, N. H. A lecture before the American Institute of Instruc- 

Tk§ Annual Pubhcathn ^ the JntUluU, 1870, 8vo, pp, 13. 

Ladd, Horatio Outer. A memorial of John S. C. Abbott, D. D. By 
Rev. Horatio O. Ladd. Boston : A. Williams A Co., 283 Washington 
street, 1878. 

8vo, pp. 40, 1 plate. 

Edition, 800 oopiee. 

Ladd, Horatio Ouver, Minor Wars of the United States. History of 
the War with Mexico. By Horatio O. Ladd, A. H. New York : Dodd, 
Mead. & Company, Publishers. 
Syo, pp^ 328. 3 plates. 

Ladd, Horatio Oliver. Indian Education in the Southwest. 

An open letter in Century Mofftutine, 1888. 

Ladd, Horatio Ouvsr. Ramona Days. A Quarterly Magazine devoted 
to Indian Education. Published at Santa F^, N. M., from March, 1887, 
to October, 1888. 

Ladd, Horatio Oliver. The Ramona School for Apache Girls. By 
Horatio O. Ladd. A. M. 

Wide Awake, September, 1889.^ 

Lamb, Mrs. Martha J. Lyme. A Chapter of American Genealogy. By 
Mrs. Martha J. Lamb. • 

jRarp^'e Mttgaxme, Vol. ui. No. 8, February, 1876, 8vo, pp. 313-338, illuitrated. 
This article incladea a biatorical slcetch of the oaroer of Chief Jastioe Waite, 
with genealo^ of his family. 

Lamb, Mrs. IMartha J. Newark, New Jersey. By Mrs. Martha J. Lamb. 
Harper' $ Magazine, Vol. uii, No. 5, October, 1876, 8vo, pp. 660-678, illnstrated. 
This hiatorio sketch of the city of Newark includes family genealogy to some ex- 
tent, and an elaborate picture of the industries of the place. 

Lamb, Mrs. Martha J. Tombs in Old Trinity. By Mrs. Martha J. Lamb. 
Harper' 9 Magazine, Vol. un, Ne. 6, November, 1876, 8vo, pp. 865-876, iUnstrated. 
Historic and biographical sketches of sevens noted Americans contained in this 

Lamb^ Mrs. Martha J. State and Society in Washington; By Mrs. Mar- 
tha J. L&rob. 

Harper' e Magazine, Vol. lvi, No. 4, March, 1878, 8vo, pp. 481-500, illustrated. 
This was the first magazine article ever written on the various features of the 
State Department at Washington. 

Lamb, Mrs. Martha J. The Coast Survey. By Mrs. Martha J. Lamb. 

Harper'* Magazine, Vol. Lvin, No. 4, March, 187B, 8vo, pp. 506-521, illustrated. 

This historic sketch of the Coast Survey was the first ever written in popular 
stjie ftor tlie general reader, and has been adopted as a text-book in some of the 


Lamb/ Mrs. Martha J. The Homed of Ameilca. By Mn. Martha J. 

Lamb. New York: D. Appleton & Co., 1879. 
Imperial Svo, pp. 236, 100 illustrations. 

This work is divided into the colonial parlod, the later period, and the modem 
period, with sketcheA of representative homes in eadi, aqd the progress of domestic 
architectnre is traced through the decades. 

Lamb, Mra. Martha J. Historical Sketch of New York City for the Tenth 
Ceosas. Report on the Social Statistics of Cities. Vol. XVlII. Part I. 
1880. By Mrs. Martha J. Lamb. Washingtou, D. C. : Department of 
the Interior. 

Square folio, pp. 25. 

Lamb, Mrs. Martha J. History of the City of New York. Its Origin, Rise, 
and Progress. By Mrs. Martha J. Lamb. New York : A. S. Barnes &. 

2 vols., royal 8vo, pp. 1620, 313 illustrations. Edition, 7,000 copies. 
The work has been reviewed in upwards of two thousand leading i>eriodioals in 
America and Europe. 

Lamb, Mrs. Martha J. Biography of Dr. John D. Russ. By Mrs. Martha 
J. Lamb. Printed for private circulation, 188>. 
Square 12mo, pp. 100. Edition 200 copies. 

Lamb, Mrs. Martha J. The American Life-Saving Service. By Mrs. Mar- 
tha J. Lamb. 

Harper' t Magazine, February, 1882, Vol. lxiv. No. 3, 8vo, pp. 357-873, illustrated. 

iiAMB, Mrs. Martha J. Christmas Season in Dntch New York. By Mrs. 
Martha J. Lamb. 

Magazine qf American History, Vol. x, No. 6, Becembert 1883, 6vo, pp. 471-474. 

Lamb, Mrs. Martha J. Wall Street in History. By Mrs. Martha J. Lamb. 
New York : Published by Funk <& Wagnalls, 1883. 
Square octavo, pp. 05, 94 illustrations. 

This work gives in concise, popular, and aathentio form the most notable events 
which have rendered Wall stf^t famous ; its early history, its assodations with 
the political, social, and monetary life of New York, and its many-sided picturesque 
features during the centuries past. 

Originally appeared in the Magazine of Atneriean Hittory for May. June, and 
July, 1883. 

Lamb, Mrs. Martha J. Brissot De Warville. By Mrs. Martha J. Lamb. 

Magazine of Ameriean History, VoL xi. No. 3, March, 1884, Svo, pp. 244-24& 

Lamb, Mrs. Martha J. The Van Bensselaer Manor. By Mrs. Martha J. 

Magazine of American Hieiory, Vol. xi, No. 1, January, 1884^ Svo, pp. 1-32, illoa- 

Lamb, Mrs. Martha J. William III of England. His Inflnence on 
America. By Mrs. Martha J. Lamb. 

Magazine of American Hietory, Vol. xi, No. 5, May 1884, Svo, pp. 421-423. 

Lamb, Mrs. Martha J. A Glimpse of the Valley of Many Waters. By 
Mrs. Martha J. Lamb. 

Magazine of American History, YoL xil. No. 3, September, 1884, 8vo, pp. 183-210, 

Lamb, Mrs. Martha J. Unsaccessful Candidates for the Presidency of 
the Nation. By Mra. Martha J. Lamb. 

Magazine of American Hittory, Vol. xii, Nos. 5 and 0, Novembex', 1884, Deoember, 
1884, Svo, pp. 385-413, 481-502, illustrated. ^ 

t . 



Lamb, Mrs. Maktua J. The Manor of Gardiner's Island. By Mrs. Mar- 
tha J. Lamb. 

Magazine of Ameriean Hitiory^ Vol. xui, No. 1. Jannarj; 1885, 6vo. pp. 1-30, illus- 

Lamb, Mnt. Martha J. The Frauers of the Constitution. By Mrs. Mar- 
tha J. Lamb. 
^ Magazine of Am€ricnn History^ Vol. xni, No. 4, April, 1885, 8fo, pp. 313-345, illus- 
trated. I 
This important paper was written by reqnost and read before the Bhode Island 
. Historical Society preparatory to the celebration of the Constitution at Philadel- 

Lamb, Mrs. Martha J. Elizabeth. England's Sovereign from 1588 to 
1603. By Mrs. Martha J. Lamb. 

Magazine of American Hiatery, YoL xni, No. 6, Jono, 1885, 8to, pp. 568-572. 

Lamb, Mrs. Martha J. March of the New fork Seventh Regiment. The 
Qreat Uiirising in New York City in 1861. By Mrs. Martha J. Lamb. 
Magazine of American Hwtory, YoL Ziv, No. 1, Jaly. 1885, 8vo, pp. 58-68, Ulna- 

Lamb, Mrs. BCartha J. Major-General John A. Dix. By Mrs. Martha J. 

• Magazine of American History, Yol. xir, No. 2. August, 1885, 8vo, pp. 154-169. 

Lamb, Mrs. Martha J. General Grant's RestiDg Place. Its Historic As- 
sociations. By Mrs. Martha J. Lamb. 

Magazine of American History, Yol. xiv. No. 3, September, 1885, 8vo, pp. 225-248, 

Lamb, Mrs. Martha J. Historic Homes. The Brooklyn Honse of Philip 
LivingstoD, the Signer. By Mrs. Martha J. Lamb. 

Mcigazine of Ameriean History, Yol. xiv, No. 6, December, 1885, 8to, pp. 546-555, 

Lamb, Mrs. Martha J. The New- Year's Holiday. Its Origin and Ob- 
servances. By Mrs. Martha J. Lamb. 

Magazine of Ameriean History, Yol. xv. No. 1, January, 1886, 8vo, pp. 79-81. 

Lamb, Mrs. Martha J. Van Cortlandt Manor-Hoase. By Mrs. Martha 
J. Lamb. 

Magazine of Ameriean History, YoL xv, No. 3, March, 1886, 8vo, pp. 217-236, illus- 

Lamb, Mrs. Martha J. A Neglected Corner of the Metropolis. Historic 
Homes in Lafayette Place. By Mrs. Martha J. Lamb. 

Magazine of Afnerican History, Yol. xvi, No. 1, July, 1886, 8ro, pp. 1-29, illus- 

Lamb, Mrs. Martha J. Louis XVI and Marie Antoinette. By Mrs. Mar- 
tha J. Lamb. 

Magazine-of American History, Yol. xvi, No. 2, Auf^uat, 1886, Rto, pp. 182-187, 

Lamb, Mrs. Martha J. An lllastrated Chapter of Beginnings. The 
Founder, Presidents, Homes, and Treasures of the New York Histor- 
ical Society. By Mrs. Martha J. Lamb. 

Magazine of Ameriean History, Yol. xvi. No. 3, September, 1886, 8vo, pp. 209-244 


Lamb, Mrs. Martha J. One New England Thanksgiving. By Mrs. Mai^ 
tha J. Lamb. 

Magatine t^ American HiHory, Vol. xvi, Xo. 6, December, IMS; 8to, pp. 505-415. 

ThU paper wae copied as a whole into the Library of American Liierature, by 
Stedman Se, Hutchinson. 

Lamb, Mrs. Martha J. Historic Homes on Golden Hills. What an Ont- 
of-the-way Town has Given to the World. By Mrs. Martha J. Lamb. 
Magatin^ of American Hietory, Vol. xvii. No. 3, March, 1687, 8vo, pp. 217-232, iUns- 
The above sketch relates to Platnfleld, Mass., snd its many historic characters. 

Lamb, Mrs. Martha J. Henry Ward Beecher. By Mrs. Martha J. Lamb. 

Magazine qf American Biatory, Vol. xvil, No. 4, April, 1887, 8vo, pp. 307-300. 

LABfB, Mrs. Martha J. The White House and its Memories. Historic 
Homes of onr Presidents. By Mrs. Martha J. Lamb. 

Magaxine of American Hittory, Vol. xvii.No. fi| May. 1887, 8vo, pp. 381-401. illus- 

Lamb, Mrs. Martha J. Governor Robert Mouckton. By Mrs. Martha J. 

Magazine o/Atneriean Biitory, VoL xvii, No. 6, Jane, 1887, 8vo, pp. 470-473. 

Lamb, Mrs. Martha J. Henry Laurens in the London Tower. By Mrs. « 
Martha J. Lamb. 

Magazine of American Hietory, Vol. xvnt, No.l, Joly.1887^8vo, pp. 1-12. IUob- 

Lamb, Mrs. Martha J. A Love Romance in History. By Mrs. Mftrtha J. 
* Magazine of American Hietory, Vol. xviii, No. 2, Aagast, 1887, 8yo, pp. 150-153. 

Lamb, Mrs. Martha J. The Origin uf New York. Glimpse of the Famous 
Dutch West India Company. By Mvh. Martha J. Lamb. 

Magazine qf American Hittory^ Vol. xvui, No. 4, October, 1887, 8vo, pp. 273-288, 

Lamb, Mrs. Martha J. The Manor of Shelter Island. Historic Home of 
the Sylvesters. By Mrs. Martha J. Lamb. 

Magazine of American Hietory, Vol. xvtii. No. 5, November, 1887#8vo^ pp. 381-3^, 

Labcb, Mrs. Martha J. Our Country Fifty Years Ago. Some Incidents 
' in Connection with Lafayette's Visit. By Mrs. Martha J. Lamb. 

Magazine of American Hietory, Vol. xviii, No. 8, December, 1887, 8vo, pp. 457-477, 

Lamb, Mrs. Martha J. Thurlow Weed's Home in New York City. By • 
Mrs. Martha J. Lamb. 

Magaziixe of American Hietory, Vol. xix. No. 1, Janaary, 1888, 8vo, pp. 1-20, lUos- 

Lamb, Mrs. Martha J. George Washington. By Mrs. Martha J. Lamb. 
Magazine of Am^iean Hietory, Vol. xix. No. 2, February, 1888, 8vo, pp. 97-113, 

Lamb, Mrs. Martha J. Unpublished Washington Portraits. Some of 
the Early Artists. By Mrs. Martha J. Lamb. 

Magazine of A merican Hietory, Vol. Xix. No. 4, April, 1888, 8vo, pp. 273-285, iUna- 


IaAMB, Mrs. Martha J. Alfred Smith Barnes. Half a Ceutury as a 
School Book PablJBher. By Mm. Martha J. Lamb. ' 

Mag€um€ ^ Amtricwi HUtorijt VoLxiX, No. 5, May, 1888, 8to, pp, 361-373, illua- 

IjAMB, Mrs. Martha J. Chief- Justice Morrison Remick Waite. His Home 
in'WusluDgton. By Mrs. Martha J. Lamb. 

Magaxine of Aineriean Hiitory, Vol. XX. No. 1, July, 1888, 8vo, pp. 1-16, iUua- 

Lamb, Mrs. Martha J. About Philadelphia in ITfiO. By Mrs. Martha 
J. Lsmb. 

Jfttgatins 0/ American Hutory\ Vol. xx, No. 2, Augakt, 1888, 8to, pp. 104-108. 

Lamb,' Mrs. Martha J. Marietta, Oliio, 1788-1H8H. Foundation of Civil 
GrOTernment lieyond the Ohio River. By Mrs. Martha J. Lamb. 

Magazine of American Hittory, VoL xx, No. 3, September, 1888, 8vo. p^, 160-192, 

LiAMB, Mrs. Martha J. The Inaogtiration of Washington, 1789. By Mrs. 
Martha J. Lamb. 

Magazine of American Hietory, VoL xx, N».6, Docember, 1888, 8to, pp. 433-460. 
illuiitrated. • 

This paper wm written by special reqnoAt, and ruad by Mrs. Martba J. Lamb 
before the New York Hi^ttorical Society at the opening; meeting of the seaeon, 
October 2. 1888. It was the initio paper oo the sabjeot. 
LiAMB, Mrs. Martha J. Historic Homes and Landmarks. Tbeir Sigoifi- 
canT. and Present Condition. By Mrs. Martha J. Lamb. • 

Magazine of American nwtory.VoLxxi.No.l.Janaary, 1889. and No. 2, March, 
1889. pp. 1-23 and pp. 177-207 ; Vol. xxil. No. 3, September. 1889. 8to, pp. 177-203, illas- 

These papers embody much fresh material and the result of rose.'trohes neTrr 
before made. 

Lamb, Mrs. Martha J. Washington as President, 1789-1790. New York 
City the 8e»t of Qovernnient.. By Mrs. Martha J. Lamb. 

Magazine of American Hietory, Vol. xxi,No.2, February, 1889. 8vo, pp. 89-112, 

Lamb, Mrs. Martha J. Washington and Some of His ConteraporurieH. 
By Mrs. Martha J. Lamb. 

Magazine of A meriean Ilietory, Vol. xxi. No. 4, April, 1889, 8vo, pp. 273-20S, illns- 

Lamb, Mm. Martha J. Wasbiugtou'd Historic Luncheon in Elizabeth. 
The Homes of Klias Bondinot and Governor Livingston. By Mrs. 
Martha J. Lamb. 

Magazine of American History, Vul. xxi, No. 5, May, 1889, 8vo, pp. 361-380, illns- 

Lamb, Mr:i. Martha J. Oak Hill, the Home of President Monroe. By 
Mrs. Martha J. Lamb. 

Magazine of American History, Vol. xxi. No. 5. May, 1889, 8vo, pp. 381-385, illus- 


Lamb, Mrs. Martha J. The Story of the Washington Centennial. By 
Mrs. Martha J. Lamb. 

Magazine of American Hietory, July, 1889, Vol. xxn. No. 1, 8vo, pp. 1-36, illus- 

Labcb, Mrs. Martha J. Mrs. Rntherford B. Hayes. By Mrs. Martha J. 

Magazine of American Hietory, August, 1889, Vol. xxn, Ko.2, 8to, pp. 158, 159. 


302 ami:k:can historical association. 

Launed, Joseph us Xelson. Our Mouey Problem, in the light of the 
perience of England with an Inconvertible Paper Currency. 
The AOantie M<^)itfily, Vol. xxv, No 151, May. 1870, 8yo, pp. 615-428. 

Larned, Joseph us Nelson. Letters, Poems, and Selected Prose Writings 
A>f David Gray. [Edinburgh, Scotland, 1«36 ; Buffalo, New York, 1888. ] 
Edited, with a Biographical Memoir, by J. N. Lamed. Buffalo : The 
Courier Company, Printers, \f^^S. 

2 vols., 12mo, pp. Tiii, 351, 40S, portrait. 
Privately printed. 

Edition, 1,700 copies. 

Contents: Vol. I, biographical memoir, pp. 1-208; poems, pp. 209-310; lectures 
and misoellaay, 311-351; Vol. II. letters of travel. 

Lea, Henry Charles. Superstition and Force. Eisays on the Wager of 
Laf7, the Wager of Battle, the Ordeal and Torture. Philadelphia, ld6& 
12mo, pp. 552, not electrotyped. 
Second edition, 1870 ; third edition, 1878. 

Lea, Henry -Charles. An Historical Sketch of Sacerdotal Celibacy in the 
Christian Church. 18(57. ^ 
8vo, pp. 682, not electrotjped. 
Second edition, 1884. 

Lba, Henry Charles. Studies in Church History. The Rise of the Tem- 
poral Power; Benefit of Clergy ; Excommnuicatiou ; the Early Qhurck 
, and Slavery. 1869. 

12mo, pp. 002, not electrotyped. 
Second edition. 1884. 

Lea, Henry Charles. A History of the Inquisition of the Middle Ap^es. 


3 vols., 8vo, pp. 583. 587, 736, electrotyped. 

Reviewed in EnglUh Historical Review^ October, 1888, by Lord Acton ; Annalts de 
Bibliographie Thioloffique, 15 Jnin, 1888, by ^douardMontet; Revue Hitlorique, Mai- 
Juin, 1889, by Charles V. Langlois; Arehivio Veneto, Tom. xxxv, P«rte ii, 1888. by 
BmilioCamba; Arehivio Stovieo Italiano, Serie v, T. ii, 1889, by Connt BslEi^ni : Theo- 
logitche Literaturzextung, 1888, No. 23, by Fr. Helnr Beusch; Sybel'9 HittorUche 
Zeittehrift, 1880, H. 4, by Wilhelm Bemardi. 

Also, recent essays in periodicals on ** Confiscation for Heresy in theMiddle Ages," 
English Historical Review, April, 1887 ; "BlSantoNiuo do la Gnartlia," Ibid., April, 
1889; " Indulgences in Spain." Trantactions of American Church History SoA^ty, 
YoL 1, 1889 ; "l?he Martyrdom of San Pedro Arbn6s,"P<Kper« f^ American Hietorical 
Atsoeiation, 1889. 

Leeds, Josiah Woodward. The Primitive Christians' Estimate of War 

and Self-Defence. By Josiah W. Leeds. 

Justin Martyr. Tertnllian. 

Athenagoras. Arnobius. 

IrenaBUS. Lactantius. 

Clement, of Alexandria. Epistle to Diognetiia. 

Cyprian . Ignatius, of Antioch. 

New Vienna, Ohio, Peace Association of Friends in America, 1676. 
lOmo, pp. 00. 

Leeds, Josiah Woodward. A History of the United States of America. 
Including some Important Facts mostly omitted in the Smaller His- 
tories. Designed for General Reading and for Academies. By JosSah W. 
Leeds. Third edition. Philadelphia : J. B. Lippiucott & Co., 1881. 
12mo, pp. 479, maps. Three editions, 2, 250 copieb, electrotyped. 


Oceapiea the Tiew-point of peace and thei amicable determination of international 
differencea. A copy being aent to the eminent French historian, Roseeuw Baint- 
Hilaire, he responded that be would present it to the historical section of the In- 
stitute of Franco, "explaining the special stand'point from which it had been 
written." ^ Anibal Pinto, President of the Bopablio of Chili, having received a copy 
(1880) while engaged in the war with Pern and Bolivia, replied to the author that 
he wonld have gladly submitted the claims of bis country to arhitration, and he 
would rejoice to see the end of the war in which he was then embroiled. 

Reviewed (by £lihu Burritt) in Literary World, November, 1877, The Nation, 
January 10, 1^78, Serald of Peace, London, August, 1877. 

Leeds, Josiah Woodward. A Smaller History of the United States. By 
Josiah W. Leeds, Author of a Larger ^' History of the United States." 
Philadelphia, 528 Walnut Street : Pnhlished for the Author, 1889. 

12mo, pp. 305, illustrated. 

Four editions, 2,950 copies, electrotyped. (The previous editions were published 
by J. B. Lippincott & Co., 1882- '86). ' 

There are 55 illnst rations, including maps, but no representations of battles. The 
wars are all narrated, though briefly. '* As a compensation, it is hoped, for brevity 
in the direction which has been indicated, space has been found for the insertion of 
a lengthy chapter upon the work of the various government departments, wherein 
the student will obtain an insight into such U80.tul matters of current history and 
administration as the coast survoy, the life-saving and weather- signal services, 
immigration, the revenue, the public lands, the geological snrvey of the Territories, 
etc. * ^ * Finally, in lieu of auy teaching which might seem to support so nar- 
row and mischievous a political maxim a,^ that which declares for " my country, 
right or wrong," the attempt has been made throagh the lessons deducible from 
our history to magnify the truthfulness of that noble and more Christian motto of 
our late President, ' I would rather be beaten in the right than succeed in the 
wrong.' " — Extract from Pr^aee. 

Lbvbrmore, Charles Herbert. Witchcraft in Connecticut. By Charles 
H. Levermore, A. B., (Yale). 

KewEnglander and Tale Review, November, 1885, Vol. XLIV, No. 188, Article III. 
8vo. pp. 78^-81 7. 

Historians of Connecticut and of the witchcraft delusion have been ignorant of 
the number and importance of the trialH in Connecticut for cbe alleged crime of 
" Familiarity with ye devil." This article enumeraie;* a total of 8, possibly 0, execu- 
tions, of 3 more verdicts of '* Gruil^ " that were set aside, and of either 21 or 22 in- 
dictments altogether. 

Levermore, Charles Herbert. The Repnhlic of New Haven. A His- 
tory of Mnniclpal Eyolntion. By Charles H. Levermore, Ph. D. , Fellow 
in History, 1884-5, Johns Hopkins University. Baltimore : N. Murray, 
Pnhlication Agent, Johns Hopkins University. 1886. 
8vo, pp. 342, three diagrams. 

Extra Volume I of the Johns Hopkins University Studies in Historical and Politi- 
cal Science. 

Levermore, Charles Herbert. The Town and City Government of 
New Haven. By Charles H. Levermore, Ph. D., Fellow in History, 
1884-^, Johns Hopkins University. Johns Hopkins University Studies 
in Historical and Political Science. Herbert B. Adams, Editor. Fourth 
Series, No. X. Baltimore: N. Murray, Publication Agent, Johns Hop- 
kins University, Octoher, 1886. 
8vo, pp. 103. 

The last two chapters of the volume on the Republic of New Haven (Extra Vol- 
ume I of the J. H. U. Studies) republished with but slight abridgement in this vol- 
ume (IV) of the regular series of studies. 


LifcVERMORE, Charles Herbert. History of (lie Town Governmeni and 
of the City Goverqment of Now Hnvcn, W'ith listH of town and city 
officers. By Charles H. Levcrraore, Ph. D. [Being the chapters on the 
History of the Mnnictpal Govornnient in the History. of the City of 
New Haven to the Pre8«*nt Time. Bv an Assooiatiou of Writers. Edited 
hy EdwarJ E. Atwater.] New York : W. W. Mnnsell & Co., 1887. 

4to, pp. 422-458. 

Lbvbrmoiik, Charles Herbert. Pilgrim and Kniokerhooker in the Con- 
necticut Valley. By Chailcs H. Levermurc, Ph. D., Associate Professor 
of History, Massachusetts lustitnte of Technology. 

9 New England Magazine, Xew Series, Vol. I, No. 2, October, 1889. 8vo, pp. 173-162. 

Levebmore, Charles Herbert. Two Centuries and a Half in the Town 
of Guilford, Conn., 163'J-1889. By Charles H. Levorraore, Ph. D.. Asso- 
oiat>e Professor of History, Massachusetts Institute of Technology. 

Xeuf England Magazine, Ve«- Serirs, VoL I, No. 4, December, 1880, 8vo, pp. 15, lllas- 

Lindsley, Jo^n Berrien. Address delivered before the Alumni Society of 
the University of Nashville by John Berrien Liudsley, Agent of the 
Building and Executive Couiuiittcu, on tlic 3d of October, 1854. Pub- 
lished by req iiest of the Board of Trustees, Nash v ilia, Cameron <Sc Fall, 
Book and Job Printers, Corner of College and Union Streets, 1854. 

8vo, pp. 25. 

Edition, 1,000 copieii. 

Contains a history' ol' tbo University. 

Lindsley, John Bkrrikn. An Address on the Life and Character of 
Robert M. Porter, M. D., Lat« Professor of Anatomy in the. University 
of Nashville. By Jobn Berrien Lindsley, M. D., Chancellor of the 
University. Delivered at Nashville, Nov. 8, 1856. Published by the 
class. Nashville, Tenn. : Printed by £. Valette, 1850. 

Hvo, pp. 47. 

Edition, 7,000 copi'eft. 

LiNDSiJEY, John Berrien. On Medical Colleges. An lutiodnctory Lec- 
ture to the course of 1858-'59 in the Medical Department of the Uni- 
versity of Nashville. By J. Berrien Lindsley, Chancellor of the Uni- 
versity. Published by the class. Nashville: Printed by Jamea T. 
Bell 4& Co., Daily Gazette Office, 1658. 
8vo, pp. 22. 
Edition, 2,000 copies. 

Brief akctcb of American medical tduoation, with saggeations for improTeiiients, 
most of which have been adopted by the gr6at schools. 

Lindsley, John Berrien. Our Ruin : Its Cause and Cure. By a Poor 
Rich Man. Nashville, Tennessee, November 14, 1868. 
6vo, pp. 16. 
Edition, 2,000 copies. 

A "reconstruction" pamphlet. Led to the ousting of the city Kovemnieiit of 
Nashville and the appointment of a receiver, an event nnprcocdented in Ameri> 
can municipal annals. 

Lindsley, Joiix Berrien. University of Nashville. Important Report 
by Chancellor Lindsley. The Present Condition and Prospects of the 

8vo, pp. 8. 

Edition. 500 copies. 

Reprint from ZHiity Union and American, May, 1870. 



liiKDSLEY, John Bbrbiex. Report of Prof* J. B. J^^lDdsleyy M. D., Cbair- 
man of the Committee ou Education to tbe Nashville Board of Trade, 
October 2d, 1871. NaebviUe, Tenn. : Printed at '^ Union and American'^ 
Book and Jobs Rooms, 1871. 

8vo, pp. 14. 

Bdition, 500 copies. 

Reprint from Union and American. . 

Showing the oariy and cootinaed ffluinenoe of Nashville in educational work. 

liiNDSLEY, John Bkriuen. African Colonization and Christian Missions. 
Theological Medium, Vol. IX, October, 1873, 8 vo, pp. 24. 
Edition, nearly 1.000 copies ; reprint, 800 copies. Widely circulated. 
Favorably noticed with copious extracts in African JUpotUory^ 1874.^ It solves 
the African problem, as time is now demonstrating by Christian civilization. 

LfiNDSLBY, John Berrien. On Prison Discipline and Penal Legislation ; 
With Special Reference to the State of Tennessee. Written for tbe 
July number of the Theological Medium. In substance preached at 
the First Cumberland Presbyterian Church of Nashyill^, August 9 and 
16, 1874. Nashville. Tenn.: Printed at the Southern Methodist Pub- 
lishing House for the Robertson Association, 1874. - 

8vo, pp.64. 

Reprint from Theological Medium^ a Cumberland Presbyterian quarterly. 

Bdition, 3,000 copies. 

Abounds in Historical and Bibliographioal data. 

LfiND8LEY, John Berrien. Sources and Sketches of Cumberland Presby- 
terian HUt-ory. 

Theological Medium, April, 1875. ended in October number, 1879, 8vo, pp. 039. 
Mainly a compilation frum newspapers and church records, with much assist- 
ance from eminent Cumberland Presbyterian ministers, especially Richard Beard, 
D. D., and A. B. Miller, D. D. 

LiNDSLEY, John Berrien. The History of the Law School of Cumber- 
land UniTersity at Lebanon, Tenn. 

8vo, pp. 25. J 

Reprinted from Theological Medium October, 1870, 3,000 copies. 

LiNDSLBT, John Berrien. The Military Annals of Tennessee— Confed- 
erate. First fteries. Embracing a Review of Military Operational with 
Regimental Histories and Memorial Rolls, compiled from original and 
official sources, and edited by John Berrien Lindsley, M. D., D. D. 
Printed for subscribers. Nashville : J. M. Lindsley & Co., Publisbera» 
25 South Eighth Street, 1886. Eleotrotyped and printed ^t the South- 
ern Methodist Publishing House. 

Boyal 8vo, pp. 910. 

lUastrated by 35 steel plates, containing 110 likenesses. 

Reviewed in New York Evening Poet March 19, 1887; also in The Nation. 

LiND8LEY> John Berrien. Cholera in Tennessee, 1833. 

TraneaeUone of the Medical Soeiety t^f^the State qf Tennenee at its Fifty-flffck 
Annual Session, April, 1888, pp. 113. 
8vo, pp. 7. 
Edition, 1,000 copies. 
Purely historical data. Reprinted in A>tt<ftsmP>'acfifMmer, April, 1888. 

Lindsley, John Berrien. Popular Progress in State Medicine. By J. 
Berrien Lindsley, M. D., of Nashville, Tenn., Chairman of the Section. 
Delivered iu Section on State Medicine at the Fortieth Annual Meeting 

S. Mis. 170 20 


of the American Medical AssociatioD, J cue 25, 1889. Reprinted from 
the Journal of the American Medical Association, Jnly 13, 1889. Chi> 
oago : Printed at the office of the Asfiociation, 1889.' 

16mo, pp. 12. 

.Edition, 600 copied. 

Beprinted in the Southern Practitioner, Nashville, AngoBt, 1880; also, in TKe TeoBO* 
Health Journal, DoIUms November, 1889. 

LoDGK, Hbnky Cabot. Life and Letters of George Cabot. Little & 
Brown, 1877. 

Lodge, Henry Cabot. A Short History of the English Colonies in Amer- 
ica. Harper & Bros., 1S?0. 

Lodge, Henry Cabot. Ballads and Lyrics. Selected and Arranged for 
the Use of Schools. Honghton, Mifflin & Co., 1880. 

Lodge, Henry Cabot. Life of Alexander Hamilton. 
In "American Statesmen Soriee/' 1882. 

Lodge, Henry Cabot. Daniel Webster. 

Atiantie Monthly, 1882. 

Lodge, Henry Cabot. Life of Daniel Webster. 

In'" American Statesmen StTies," 1884. 

Lodge, Henry Cabot. Studies in History. Honghton, Mifflin &, Co., 


Lodge, Henry Cabot. The Works of Alexander Hamilton. Edited by H. 
C. Lodge. G. P. Putnam & Sons, 1886. 
9 vols, 8yo. 

Lodge, Henry Cabot. Life of George Washington. 
In "American Statesmen series, " 1889, 2 vols., 12mo. 

Lodge, Henry Cabot. Albert Gallatin. 

In " Encyclopaedia Brittannica.** 

Lodge, Henry Cabot. Alexander Hamilton. 

In *' Appleton's Cyolopfedia of American Bioj^raphy^." 

Lodge, Henry Cabot. William H. Seward. 

Atlantic MoiUhlj/. ' , 

Lodge, Henry Cabot. Gouvemenr Morris. 

Atlantic Monthly. 

The articles which I have thought worth preserving are for the most part ool- 
lected in my " Studies in History." Besides those which I have given in addition 
here there are a nnraher of shorter articU;s pabiishod in the form of critical notioea 
and chiefly in the Atlantic Monthly, which I can not now recall or place. 

LORING, George Bailey. History of North Andover, Massachasetts. 

Containing a sketch of Samuel Osgood, Postmaster-General under 

Washington, and also a sketch of the theological divisions of the town, 

the Creed at Andover, and the rise of Unitarianism in North Andoyer. 

In " History of Essex County, Massachusetts," 1887, pp. 70. 

LoRiNG, George Bailey. History of Literature in Salem, Massachasetts. 
Containing sketches of Roger Williams, Hugh Peters, Timothy Picker- 
ing, John Pickering, Joseph Story, Nathaniel Bowditch, Daniel Ap- 
pleton White, Charles Dexter Cleveland, George B. Cheever, Charles 
Wentworth Upham, Nathaniel Hawthorne, Benjamin Peirce, Jonas 
Very, Henry Colraau, William Hickling Prescott, Rnfns Choate. 
In *' History of Essex County, Massachusetts," 1887. 



LoBiNGy Gkobge Bailey. Sketch of the Retreat of the BritiHh Forces 
nnder Col. Lester from Salem, MaBsachnsettSy FeVy 19^ 17761 Pah- 
lished hy the City of Salem, 1876. 

pp. 30. 

LoRiNG, George Bailey. I^ketches of the Towns of Shelhume, Swan- 
sea, und DunstahlA, Massachusetts, in 1875. Pahlished hy these towns, 


LORING, George -Bailey. Settlement of Marietta, Ohio, and the Adop- 
tion of the Ordinance of '87. Puhlished hy the Historical Society df 
Marietta, 1882. 

LoRiNG, George Bailey. Defense of Gen. Samuel Holden Parsons against 
the Charge of Treason. Saiem : Printed at Essex Institute Printing 
Office, 1888. 

pp. 30. ^ 

LoRlNG, George Bailey. SKetch of the Battle of Lexington, April 19, ' 
1776. Puhlished hy tjie Town of Lexington. 

pp. 85. 

Lowell, Edward Jackson. The Hessians and the other Gorman Auxili- 
aries of Great Britain in the Revolutionary War. By Edward J. 
Lowell. New York, 1884. With maps and plans. 
8ro, pp. 328, 8 mapa and plana. 

Lowell, Edward Jackson. German Manuscript Sources for the History 
of the Revolutionary War. 

Proceedings of the MtuMehttsettt HUtorkal SoeUty, Vol. iii, aecond aeries, 1888-'87, 
pp. 219-29L 

Lowell, Edward Jackson. The Bayenx Tapestry. By Edward J. 


Serihner'i Magatine, March, 1887, pp. 15, 22 itlnstratjons. 
An archaeological study. 

Lowell, Edward Jackson. Memoir of Lucius Manliiis Sargent, A. M. 
By Edward J. Lowell. 

Proeeedingi of the MaeeachusetU Historical Society, Vol. in, aecond aerien, 1888-'87» 
pp. 809r312. 

Lowell, Edward Jackson. The United States of America, 1775--1782. 
Their Political Struggles and Relations with Europe, [pp. 72,24 por- 
traits, etc. ] Critical Essay on the Sources of Information, [pp. 9.] 
List of Treaties, Conventions, and DeclaratiouH Concerning the Ameri- 
can Revolution and the Armed Neutrality, [pp. C] By Edward J. 
Loweil, Massachusetts Historical Society. Being Chapter I of Volume 
VII, of Winsor's ''Narrative and Critical History of America. '' 

Lowell, Edward Jackson. The Lifeof Benvenuto Cellini. By Edward 
J. LoWell. 

Seribntr't Magazine^ October, 18W, pp. 0, 4 illastrations. 

Lowell, Edward Jackson. Adventures of a Hessian Recruit. (Trans- 
lated from the German. ) 

Proeeedingt o/ the Mcusaehutettt Sittorieal Soeietyt Vol. iv, aeoond seriea, 1887-89, 
pp. 2-12. 

Mace, William Harrison. Outline and Notes on United States History. 
Privately printed for uae In the Normal School, De Fanw XJnirorsity. 
Edition, 500 copiet. 
▲ aeoond edition, reviaed and enlarged, la now being prepared. 


Mace, Wilmam Harrison. Pedagogy of History. 

A Berien of artioloA rnnning In the ^innthly JMOes of Yol. xxxv of the Indiana 
School Journal, publisbed at IndianapoUs, Ind. 

McKexzie, Alexander. Oration at the Dedication of tbe Soldiers' Mon- 
ument in Cambridge, Jaly 13, 1870. 

loolndcd in " the Soldiers' Monnment in Cambridge. Proceediogs in relaUon to 
the Baildiog and Detlication of the Monament erected in the yeant 1860-'70 hv the 
City GovemmeDt of Cambridge, Mass., in honor of those of her Soldiers and Sailors 
who Died in Defense of the Union of States in the War of the Bebellion." Cam- 
bridge: Press of John Wilson Sc Son, 1870. 

McKbnzte, Alexander. Address at the Dedication of the Monument in 
Memory of the Men of Cambridge who Died in the First Battle of the 
Revolutionary War. 

"Memorial to the Men of Cambridj^e who fell in the First Battle of tiie Revoln* 
tionary War. Services of Dedication, November 3, 1870." Cambridge: Press of 
John WHson &. Son, 1870. 

McKenzie, Alexander. Lecture on the History of tbe First Churob in 
Cambridge. By Alexander McKensie, Pastor of the First Church in 
Cambridge and Shepard Congregational society. Boston : Congrega- 
tional Publishing Society, 187.3. 

McKenzie, Alexander. The One Lawgiver. A Sermon delivered before 
the Executive and Legislative Departments of the Government of Mas- 
sachusetts at the Annual Election, Wednesday, Jan. 1, 1879, by Alex- 
ander McKenzie. Boston : Rand, Avery & Co., Printers to the Com- 
mon wealth, 117 F*ranklin St., 1879. 

McKenzie, Alexander. Oration of Rev. Alexander McKenzie, D. D., at 
the Centenuial Celebration of the Fouudtug of Phillip's Academy, 
Andover, Mass., June 6, 1878. 

McKenzie, Alexander. Discourse included in the ^* Commemoration of 
the Two Hundred and Fiftieth Anniversary of the First Church, 
Charlestown, Mass.," November 12, 1882. Privately printed^ 1882. 

McKenzie, Alexander. Sermon and Address iucfuded in " Services at the 
Celebration of the Two Hundred and Fiftieth Anniversary of the 
Organization of the First Church in Cambridge, February 7-14, 1886." * 
Cambridge : John Wilson & Son, University Press, 1886. 

McKenzie, Alexander. Two Hundred aud Fifty Years. A Sermon by 
Alexander McKenzie on the Founding of Harvard College, November 
7, ie86. Cambridge : Printed for the Church, 1887. 

McKenzie, Alexander. Sermon included in "Menioriam of Asa Gray." 
Cambridge: John Wilson &. Son, University Press, 1888. 

McLaughlin, Andrew Cunningham. The Iniluenoe of Governor Cass on 
the Development of the Northwest. New York and London : G. P. 
Pntnam's Sons, The Knickerbocker Press, 1889. 

8vo, pp. 67-83. 

Papers of the American Hittorieal Aitociation, Yol. m, No. 2. 

McLaughlin, George. Cincinnati Artists of the Munich School. Henry 
F. Farny, Francis Duvenick, John W. Twachtman, Francis Dengler, 
Henry Muhrnian, Ferdinand Mersmann, and Francis Russell Stro- 

The American A*i J^eview, Yol. ii, Nos. 1, 2, 1881, 4to, pp. 1-4, 45-50, illustrated. 


Macy, Jesbu. lD9titiitiouat Beginnings in a Weutern State. 

Johiui Jlopkini Studies in Hittorieal and rolitical Science^ second series, No. vn. 
8vo, pp. 38. 

Kason, £dwar6 Gat. Francis ParkoMn. 

The Dial, Vol. i, Ko. 8, December, 1880,4to,pp. 8. 

Mason, Edward Gay. IIIIuoIa in the Eighteenth Century. Chicago: 
Fergus Printing Company, 1881. 

8to, pp. 68. / 

Mason, Edward Gay. Kaskaskia and its Parish Records. 

McLgatine of American Hietory, Vol. vi, Jftnuary, 1881, pp 21. 


Mason, Edward Gay. The St. Clair Papers. 

The- Ameriean, April 15, 1882, pp. 2. - 

Mason, Edward Gay. Old Fort Char tres. 

The Atlantia Monthly, Vol. XLIX. No. 205, May, 1882. pp. 12. 

Mason, Edward Gay. The Record Book of Colonel John Todd, First 
Civtl Governor of the Illinois Coantry. 

Magaxine of American Hietory, VoL viu, September, 1882, pp. 11. 

Mason, Edward Gay. The English Settlement in Edwards County, 

The Dial, Vol. Ul. No. 8, January, 1883, ito, pp. 3. 

Mason, Edward Gay. The Savior of India. 

The Dial, VoL iv. No. 37, May, 1883, 4to, pp. 2. 

Mason, Edward Gay. A Visit to Sonth Carolina in 1860. 
The Atlantie Monthly, Vol. Lin, N<f. 316, Febraary, 1884, pp. 10. 

Mason, Edward Gay. Fergus Illinois Historical Series. 

The American, NoTember 8, 1884, pp. 2. 

Mason, Edward Gay. The March of the Spaniards across Illinois. 
Magazine of A meriean History, Vol. xv, May, 1886, pp. 13. 

MasoN} Edward Gay. An Antiquarian's Scrap Books. 

Magazine of Western History, Vol. iv, September. 1886, pp. 16. 

Mason, Edward Gay! The Beginning of La^v in Illinois. 

Proceedings State Bar Association, 1887,4to, pp. 7. 

Mason, Edward Gay. Pierre Menard. Early Illinois Citizens. Colonel 
John Todd, Junior. Philip Francois Rastel. Chevalier de Rocfaehlanc. 
Chicago : Fergiis Printing Company, 1889. 

8vo., pp. 7, 7, 4,22. 

Chicago Historical Society Collections, Vol. iv. 

Mason, John PiDWiN. History of Freemasonry. 

Masonic Monthly daring the years 1865, 1866, 1867. and 1868. 

Merrill, Cath arink. The Soldier of Indiana in the War for the Union. 
2 vols., 8vo, pp. 690,815, 16 pluU'S, portraits, au<l 2 luapH. 
- Stertiot> ped, 2,U00 Beta priDted. 

^MlLLS, Herbert Klmkk. DipUnnatic Prelude to the Seven Years' War. 
New York nnd L<indon : G. P. Putnam's Sons, Tlie Knickerbocker 

Press, lese. 

J'apeis of (he A meriean Hlslorical Assoeiation, Vol. HI, No, 1, pp. 29-40. 

Mills, Hkrbkrt Klmkk. Fredt^rick the (jfreat. 

The Cornell Magazine, Vol. i, No. 1, May. 1888, 8vo. pp. 36-42. 


MoNTGOMBRY, Thomas Harrfson. Gcuealogical History of tke Family 
of Montgomery, iucludiog the Montgomery Pedigree; Compiled by 
Thomas Harrison Montgomery. Philadelphia, Printed for Private Cir- 
culation. 1863. ^ 

8vo, pp. IX. 158. 

Montgomery, Thomas Harrison^ Ancestry' of General Richard Mont- 
gomery. By Thomas H. Montgomery. 

New York Genealogical and Biographical Record, Vol. il,^aly,'1871, pp. 123-130. 

Montgomery, Thomas Harrison. Smith Family of New York. By 
Thomas H. Montgomery. 

New York Genealogical and Biographical Record^ Vol. X, January, 1879, pp. 32-35. 

Montgomery, Thomas Harrison. The Battle of Monmouth, as Described 
by, Dr. James McHenry, Secretary to Gen. Washiugtoni with notes by 
Thomas H. Montgomery. 

Magazine of American Hintory, Jane, 1879, pp. 355-363. 

Montgome :y, Thomas Harrison. The Descendants of Col. Thomas 
White, By Thomas H. Montgomery. Communicated to "Account of 
the Meeting of the Descendants of Colonel Thomas White, of Mary- 
land." .Privately printed. Philadelphia, 1879. 

pp. 125-196. 

Moore, Joseph, Jr. Outlying Europe and the Nearer Orient. By Joseph 
Moore, jr. Philadelphia: J. B. Lippincott &Co., 1880. 

8vo, pp. 564. 

Contains historical sketches of "Egypt," *'Tbe Faith of "El Islam," "Bibliosl 
Sites," "BsBlbek," "Cyprus," "Rhodes." "EphesQS,""Troy," "ConstanUnople." 
"Modem Greece," "The Stciliau Vespers," "Syracuse." "The Alhiimbra," "The 
Ball-Fight," "Liaboo," "The Esoorial," "ThoGotha Canal," "St Petersbarg.*' 
•• The Kremlin." and " The Story of Poland." 
Moore, Joseph, Jr. The Egyptian Obelisks. By Joseph Moore, jr., Mem- 
ber of the Royal Archaeological Institute of Great Britain and Ireland. 
Philadelphia, 1880. 

Four papers, giving the history of all the obelisks of Egypt and their present 
locations. Originally printed in The Evening Bulletin, Philadelphia, December, 1878, 
and January, 1870. 
MoORB, Joseph, Jr. The Queen's Empire ; or, India and Her Pearl. By 
Joseph Moore, jr., F. R. G. S. Philadelphia and London : J. B. Lippin- 
cott Co., 1886. 

8vo. pp. 280. , 

Descriptive history of India and Ceylon, and their monuments, with m map of 
Hindustan and fifty full-page phototype-plates. 

Morris, Charles Newton. Papers of the American Historical Associa- 
tion. Vol. Ill, No. 2. Internal Improvements in Ohio, 1825-1850. By 
Charles N. Morris. New York and London : G. P. Putnam's Sons, 
The Knickerbocker Press, 1889. 


Contains tabulated statistics of the public works of Ohio and list of authorities. 

Morris, Jonathan Flynt. The Morris Register. A Genealogical and 
Ilistoiical Register of the Descendants of Edward Morris, of Roxbury, 
Mass., and Woodstock, Conn. Cumpiled by Jonathan F.ynt Morris. 
Hartford, Conn. : Published by the Compiler, 1887. 
8vo, pp. XVII, 400, 18 plates. 
300 copioa. 

Reviow^tMl in Xeto England Hiitorieal and Genealogical Regitter, xu, October, 
1887; Harford Daily Courant August 27, 1867. 


Horse, Anson Danikl. The Caase of Secession. 

PolUveal Seienoe Quarterly^ Vol. II, No. 3, September, 1867» Sro, pp. 470-498. 

MoRSB, Anson Daniel. The Political laflueuoe of Andrew Jackson. 
Political Seienu Quarterly, VoL i, No. 2, Jane, 1886, ^ro^ pp. 15^-162. 

MoBBS, Bkrnard. The NeKoiialions oo the Swedish Invasion of Germany. 
The y«w JSnglander, Vol. xxxin, No. 3, July, 1874, 8to, pp. 421-467. 

MosKS, Bernard. Georg Stjernhjelra, the Father of Swedish Poetry. 
The Methodist Quarterly Seview October, 1875. 8vo, pp. 56a-979.. 

MosES, Bernard.. The Protestant Hero of the Seventeenth Century. 

The OtU}fomian, Vol. Ii, 1880, pp. 73-79. 

Moses, Bernard. Social Science and its Methods. 

The Berkeley Quarterly, Yol. i, 1880, 8vo, pp. 1-14. 

Moses, Bernard. The Commuhism of Early Christianity. 

The Berkeley Quarterly, YoL 1. 1^80, 8vo, pp. 211-220. 

Moses, Bernard. The Crown and Parliament of Sweden. 
. The Berkeley Quarterly, Yol. I, 1880, 8to. pp. 268-207. 

Moses, Bernard. Early Swedish Literature (inclnding, with other mat- 
ter, parts of the essay on Greorg Stjornhjelm). 
The Berkeley Quarterly, Yol. ll. 1881 , 8to, pp. 12- 43. 

Moses, Bernard. Swedish Literature in the Eighteenth Century. 
The Berkeley Quarterly, Yol. ii, 1881, 8vo. pp. 224-236. 

Moses, Bernard. The Historical Foundation of Modem Society. 
The Berkeley Quarterly, Yul. ii, 1881, 8to, pp. 367-376. 

Moses, Bernard. A Sweclish Scholar. 

The Califomian, YoI. v, 1882, pp. 184-190. 

Moses, Bernard. Politics. An Introduction to the Study of Compara- 
tive Constitutional Law. By W. W. Crane and Bernard Moses. New 
York and London : G. P. Putnam's Sons, 1884. 
12ino, pp. V, 305. 

Mo6£S, Bernard. The Drift of Power in the English Government. 
Ihe Overland Monthly, Yol. v, Second Series, 1885, pp. 239-247. 

Moses, Bernard. The Old Regime of San Francisco. 

The Overland Monthly, Yol. vn. Second Series, 1886, pp. 195-80S. 

Moses, Bernard. Social Infelicities of Half-Knowledge. An Address by 
Bernard Moses. Berkeley, 1886. 
Pamphlet, 12mo, pp. 15. 

Moses, Bernard. Imperial Germany. A Lecture by Bernard Moses. 
Berkeley, 1886. 
12mo, pp. 31. 

MoBBS, Bernard. Data of Mexican and United States History. 

Papers of the Cali/omia Hittorieal Society, YoL i, 8vo. 

MosBS/ Bernard. Prejudices against the Jews. A Paper read before the 
Emanuel Association, San Francisco, January 25, 1887. By Bernard 
Moses, Ph. D. San Francisco : Printed by the Emanuel Association, 

12mo, pp. 39. 

MosEs, Bernard. The Establishment of Municipal Government in San 
Francisco. By Bernard Moses, Ph. D. Baltimore : Publication Agency 
of the Johns Hopkins University, 1889. 
^^o, pp. 8^. 


MoBEB, Bernard. The American Experiment in Government. An Acl< 
dress delivered in Berkeley April Thirtieth, 1889, at a Meeting in Com- 
memoration of the Inangaration of Qeorge Washington as President of 
the United States. By Bernard Moses. Berkeley; 1889. 
12roo, pp. 20. 

Moses, Bernard. The Federal Government of Switzerland. An Essay on 
the Constitation. By Bernard Moses, Ph. D. Oakland, California: 
Pacific Press Pahlishing Company, 1889. 
12mo, pp. 256. 

MowRY, William Auoustos. Who Invented the American Steamboat f 
A statement of the Evidence that the first American Steamboat, pro- 
pelled by means of paiddle wheels, was invented, constracted, and sno- 
cessfhlly operated on Connecticnt River, abont 1792, by Captain Sam- 
uel Morey, of Oxford, N. H., and that Robert Fnlton saw the boat in 
operation. By William A. Mo wry, A. M., of Providence, R. I. Con- 
toocook, N. H. : Published by the Antiquarian Society, Bristol, George 
Ciowell Ketchum, Printer, lb74. * 
8yo, pamphlet, pp. 28. 
OoUeetiofu of the New Hampehire Ar^Hquarian Society ISo. 1. 

MowBT, WiLUAM Augustus. The Descendants of Nathaniel Mowry, of 
Rhode Island. By William A. Mowry, A. M., Member of the New Eng- 
land Historic-Genealogical Society, Member uf the Rhode Island His- 
torical Society, Honorary Member of the N. H. Antiquarian Society, 
and Corresponding Member of the Oregon Pioneer and Historical So- 
ciety. Providence : Sidney S. Rider, Publisher, 1878. 

8vo, pp. 342, illastrated with heliotjpes of ancient hoases, and portxmita. 

MoWRT, William Augustus. A Family History: Richard Mowry, of 
Uxbridge, Mass. His Ancestors and &is Descendants. By William A. 
Mowry, A. M., Member of the Rhode Island Historical Society, Honor- 
ary Member of the N. H. Antiquarian Society, and Corresponding 
Member of the Oregon Pioneer and Historical Society. Providence : 
Sidney S. Rider, Publisher, 1878. 

8vo, pp. 240, illustrated with portraits and heliotypea of ancient homes. 

MowRT, William Augustus. Territorial Growth of the United States. 
Our Title to Oregon. 

McigfUine of American HUtory, October, 1886. 

This was a paper read before the American Historical AssooiAtion at its annual 
meeting in Washisfcton, D. C, 1886. 

Republished in pamphlet form saxd for sale by the Eastern Edacational Bureau, 
50 Bromfleld street, Boston, 1887. 

MowRT, William Augustus. Studies in Civil Government. By William 
A. Mowry, Ph. D., Editor of ** Education/' and for twenty years Senior 
Principal of the '^ English and Classical School/' Providence, R. I. 
Boston : Silva, Rogers & Co., Publishers, 50 Bromficld St., 1888. 
8vo, pp. 250, illustrated with numerous cuts. 

This book contains a practical treatment of the political history of the SnjcUah 
Colonies, the Sevolation, and the Republic, urith an examination of the govern- 
ment of onr country at the present time, local (town or connty), State, and na- 
tional. It discusses and explains in detail the Constitution of the United States 
and the government, laws and customs which have grown up from this Gonstlta- 

• . 


Mtbk6« Philip Van Nkss. Oatlines of Ancient History from the Earliest 
Times to the Fall of the Western Roman Empire, A. D. 476. By P. V. 
" N. Myers, A. M. New York : Harper &, Brothers, Publishers, 1882. 
8vo,pp. 484,' 

Mtrk8» Philip Van Nbss. Oatlines of Medieeval and Modem History. 
A Text-book for High Schools, Seminaries, and Colleges. By P, V. N. 
Myers, A. M. Boston : Ginn &, Company, Publishers, 1886. 
8vo, pp. 740, 12 mftpa. 

Mtebs, Phizjp Van Nbsb. The Eastern Nations and Greece. By P. V. N. 
Myers, A. M. Boston : Ginn & Company^ Pnblishers, 1889. 
8vo, pp. 369, 8 mapa, 65 illoatratioiiB. 

Myibrs, Philip Van Ness. A General History for Colleges and High 
Schools. By P. Y. N. Myers, A. M. 'Boston : Ginn & Company, Pub- 
lishers, 1889. 

8vo, pp. 760, 20 maps, 140 illnfltralloiu. 

Nkill, Edward Dutfield. The History of Minnesota from the Earliest 
French Explorations to the Present Time. By Edward Dnffield Neill, 
Secretary of the Minnesota Historical Society. Neo faUa ^xotrey nee 
vera reiicere, Philadelphia : J. B. Lippincott «& Co., 1858. 
8to, pp. 028, four maps. 

Neill, Edward Dxtffield. Terra MarisB, or Threads of Maryland Colo- 
nial History. By Edward D. Neill, one of the Secretaries of the Presi- 
dent of the United States. NecfaUa dicer e, nee vera reticere, Philadel- 
phia: J. B. Lippincott, &, Co., 1867. 

12mo, pp. 200. 

Neill, Edward Duffield. The Fairfaxes of England and America in the 
Sixteenth and Eighteenth Centuries, including Letters from and to 
Hon. William Fairfax, President of Council of Virginia, and his Sons, 
Col. George William Fairfax and Rev. Bryan, Eighth Lord Fairfax. 
By Edward D. Neill. Albany, N. Y. : Joel Munsell, 1868. 
8yo, pp. 224. 

Neill, Edward Duffield. History of the Virginia Company of London, 
with Letters to and from the First Colony never before printed. By 
Edward D. Neill. Nee faUa diceref nee vera reUeere. Albany, N. Y : Joel 
Mnnsell, 82 State Street, 1869. 
Small 4to, pp. 432. 

Neill, Edward Duffield. Portrait of Pocahontas. 

This work was not issaed until the«amnier of 1870. The preface is dated May, 
1870. . 

Neill, Ed'^ard Duffield. The English Colonization of America Dnring 
the Sixteenth Ceninry. By Edward D. Neill, Consul of United States 
of America at Dnblin. London: Strahan & Co., Publishers, 56 Lud- 

8vo, pp. 352. 

Neill, Edward Duffield. The History of Minnesota; from the earliest 
French explorations to the present time. By Edward Duffield Neill, 
Cor. Mem. Massachusetts Historical Society, Author of ** Terra Maris," 
"The Virginia Company,'' "The English Colonization of America,'' 
etc. Second Edition, Revised and Enlarged. Philadelphia: J. B. Lip- 
pincott & Co. Minneapolis, Minn. : T. T. Bacheller & Co., 1873. 
Svoipp. 750, three portraits and four maps. 



Nsiij^ £DWARf» DuFFiKLD. Th« Foanders of Maryland ; as portrayed in 
manaikoripto, provincial records, and early documents. By Rev. Ed- 
ward D. Neill, A. B.y Author of '^ English Colonization of America," 
"Virginia Company of London," "Terra Maris©,?' "Fairfaxes of 
England and America," " History of Minnesota." Nee falsa dioere, nee 
vera reticere, Albany : Joel Mansell, 1876. 
.12mo, pp. 193. 

Neill, Edward Duffield. The History of Minnesota, from the earliest 
French explorations to the prcbcnt time. By Edward Duffield NeiH. 

* * * NeefaUa dicere^ nee vera reticere. Third Edition, Revised 
and Enlarged. Minneapolis : Johnson, Smith & Harrison, 1B78. 

TnUot, pp. xxui, pp. 777, appendix, pp. 14, index, pp. 14, Ave maps. 

Nkill, Edward Duffield. The History of Minnesota. » • » 
By the Rev. Edivard Duffield NeiH, President of Maoalester College. 

* * * Neecire quid aniea quam natH9 at« ticoiderit id eeviper eeee puenim. 

Fourth Edition, Revised and Enlarged. Minneapolis, Minnesota, EUa- 

torical Company, 18-2. 

8vo, pp. 028, apiMudix, pp. 10, index, pp. 20, eight portraits, Ave maps. 

NsiLL, Edward Duffield. History of Minnesota [title as in 4th edition]. 
Minneapolis, Minnesota, Historical Company, 1883. 
8vo, pp. 020, appendix, pp. 10, index, pp. 20. 

Nbill, Edward Duffield. Virginia Vetusta ; Daring the reign of James 
the First, containing Letters and Documents never before printed. A 
supplement to the History of the Virginia Company. . By Edward D. 
Neill, Nee falsa dicere^ nee vera reticere. Albany, N. Y. : Joel Mnnsell's 
Sons, 82 State St., 1885. 
Small 4to, pp. 216. 

Nbill, Edward Duffikld. \Urg^nia Carolornm. The Colony under the 
rnle of Charles the. First and Second, A. D. 1625 to A. D. 1685, based 
npon Manuscripts and Documents of the period. By Edwad D. Neill. 
NecfaUa dicerCf nee vera reticere. Albany, N.Y.: Joel MunselPs Sons, 

82 State St., 1886. 
Small 4to, pp. 446. 

NxiLL, Edward Duffield. Concise History of the State of Minnesota. 
By Edward D. Neill. Minneapolis, Minn. : S. M. Williams, Pnbliaher, 

12mo, pp. 303, faC'Simile of first engraying of Falls of St Anthony, six maps. 

NicoLAY, John G. Hole in the Day. 

Harper'* New Monthly Magazine, Vol. XX VI, No. CLII, January, 1863, 8vo, pp. 
186-101, illastrated. « 

NicOLAY, John G. The Sioux War. 

The Continental Monthly, Vol. lu. No. n, Febraary, 1863, 8vo, pp. 105-204. 

Nicola Y, Joun G. Campaigns of the Civil War. Vol. I, The Ontbre^ 
of RebellioD. By John G. Nicolay. New Y'ork : Charles Scribner's 
Sons, 1881. 

8vo, pp. 220. eight maps. 

Nicolay, John G. Abraham Lincoln, Sixteenth President of the United 

States. By John G. Nicolay. 

In the *' Encyclopedia Britanniea,' Ninth Editon, Vol. xiv, Edinbargh, 1882, 4to. 
pp. 658-663. 
Also, pablishefl separately by Little, Brown &, Co., Boston, 188^2, 12mo, pp.21. 


NicoLAY, John G. Tboiuas Jefferson's Homo. 

The Ontury lUuttraUd MtmtMy Magatmt, Vol. xxxiv, No. 5, Septembor, 1887, 
8vo, pp. 643-053. 

NrbOLAY, JoHX G., joint author. Abraham Lincoln. A History. 

Illustrated vrith fluinerouA portraitei, plates, and maps. Pablinhed as a serial in 
The Centurtf lUuMraUd Monthly Magazine, beginning VoL xxxill, No. 1, November, 
1886, and coutinuinK in monthly installments to VoL xxxix. No. 4, February, 41190, as 
follows : 


Na 1, Novenlber, 18S6. Lineage, Indiana, Illinois in 1830, New Salem.'pp. l-<37. 

No. 2, December, 1886. The Black Hawk War, Surveyor and Kepresentatire, lieg- 
islative Experience, The Lincoln-Stone Protest, pp. 250-278. 

No. 3, January, 1887. Lincoln in Springfield, TbeColUpse of v The System. " Mar- 
riage, Shields's Duel, Campaisrn of 1844, pp. 366-396. 

No. ^ February, 1887. Campaign for Congress, The Thirtieth Congress, A For- 
tunate Escape, .Six Ye rs of Law Practice, pp. 515-543. 

No. 5, March. 1887. The Balance of Power, Repeal of the Missouri Compromise, 
The Drift of Politics, pp. 085-706. 

No. G, April, 1807. Lincoln and Trumbull, Border Ruffians, Bogus Laws, The To- 
peka Constitution, pp. 857-884. 


No. 1, May, 1887. Kansas in Civil War, Jeflhrson Davis on Rebellion, Conventions 
of 1856, pp. 82-110. 

No. 2f Jane, 1887. Congressional Ruffianism, The Dreti Scott Decision, Doaglaa 
and Lio^coln on Di ed J^cott. pp. 20.'^219. 

No, 3, July, 1887. The Lecompton Constitution, The Revolt of Douglaii. The Lin- 
coln-Douglas Debates, The Froeport Doctrine, pp. 369-396. 

No. 4, Augnst, 18871 Lincoln's Ohio Speeches, Harper s Ferry, Lincoln's Cooper 
Institute Speech, The Charleston Convention, pp. 509-534. 

No. 5, September, 1887. The Baltimore Nominations, The Chicago Convention, 
Lincoln elected. Beginning of Rebelliour pp. 658-681. 

No. 6, October, 1887. The Cabinet Cabal, The President's Message, The Conspir- 
acy Proclaimed, South Carolina Secession, ThevCotton Republics, pp. 81&-850. 

VOL. XXX r. 


No. 1, November, 1887. The Montgomery Confederacy, The President-Eleot, 
Questions and Answers, pp. 61-87. 

No. 2, December, 1887. Springfleld-to Washington, Lincoln's Secret Night Jour- 
ney, The Inauguration, pp. 265-284. 

No. 3. January, 1888. The Cabinet, The Question of Sumter, pp. 419-436. 

No. 4, February. 1888. The Rebel Game, Virginia, Premier or President, pp. 599^ 

No. 6, March, 1888. The Fall of Sumter, The Call to Arms, pp. 707-723. 

No. 6, April 1888. The National Uprising, Baltimore, Washington in Danger, pp. 



No. 1, May, 1888. Rebellions Maryland, Missouri. Kentucky. The Confederate 
Military League, pp. 66-77. 

No. 2, Jnne, 1888. The Advance, Bull Run, Fremont, Military Emancipation, pp. 
281-305. * 

No. 3, July. 1888. Army of the Potomac, European Kentrality, The Trent Affair, 
pp. 393-410. 

No. 4, August, 1888. Halleck, Lincoln Directs Co-operation, Grant and Thomas 
in Kentucky. Fort Donelson, pp. 562-583. 

No. 5, September. 1888. The Mississippi, The Shiloh Campaign, Halleck's Corinth 
Campaign, pp. 662-583. 

)lo.6, October. 1888. Plans of Campaign, Manassas Evacuated, Torktown, pp. 




No. 1, November, 1888. Jackaon b Yalley Campaign, The Seren Daya* BattiM, 
pp. 130-148. 

Ko. 2, Deoember. 1888. Comi>en8ate4 Aboliahment, Signs of the Timea, Bnuuioi- 
pation Proposed and Postponed, pp, 276-204. ^ • 

No. 3, January. 1889. PQpe's Virginia Campaign, Antietam, Emancipation An- 
noBooed, pp. 427-447. 

No. 4, February, 1880. The Removal o( McCIellan, Fin*ncial Measures, Seward 
and Chase, pp. 546-565. 

No. 5. March. 1889. The ^dict of Freedom, pp. 680-704, 

No. 6. April, 1880. Retaliation, The Enrollment and the Draft, pp. 917-032. 


No. 1, M%y, 1880. '. The President and the Draft, Yallandigham, The Defeat of the 
Peace Party at the Polls, pp. 123-148. 

Na 2, Jund, 1888. The Pomeroy Circular, The Cleveland Convention; The Res- 
ignation of Mr. Chase, pp. 278-208. 

No. 3, July, 1888. Lincoln's Renomination, The^Wade-Davis Manifesto, Greeley's 
Peace Mission, pp. 406-426. 

No. 4, August, 1880. The Chicago Surrender, Conspiracies in the North, Linooln 
and the Churches, pp. 546-568. 

No. 6, September, 1889. Cabinet Changes, Linooln Re-elected, Chase as Chief-J'as- 
tice, pp. 687-707. 

No. 6. October, 1880. Blair's Mexican Prqjeot, The Hampton Roads Conference, 
The Thirteenth Amendment, pp. 838-856. 


No. 1, November, 1880. The Second Inaugural, Five Forks, Appomattox, pp. 132- 
151. . 

No. 2, December, 1880, The Fall of the Rebel Capital, Lincoln in Richmond, pp. 

Na 8, January, 1800. The Fourteenth of April, The Fate of the Assassins, The 
Mourning Pageant, pp. 424-438. , 

No. 4, February, 1800. The Capture of JeflTerson Davis, The End of Rebellion, 
Lincoln's Fame. • 

The entire work, including about ninety additional chapters, forming more than 
one-third of the whole (ndt printed in the serial), is now in press, and will be is- 
sued by The Century Company iu 1890 in 10 volumes, 8vo, of 450 pages each, with 
numerous jrartraits, plates, and maps. 

KoRTONy Charles Eliot. Historical Studies of Charch-Buildiug iu the 
Middle Ages. Venice, Siena, Florence. By Charles Eliot Norton. 
New York : Harper & Brothers, Franklin Sqnare, I860. 

8vo, pp. vi, 331. 

Also various articles on historical subjects in the North Ameriean Review, Atten* 
tie Monthly, Harpert" Monthly, Proceedinge of MatsaehuMetU Hutoriciil Society, etc. 

Page, Richard Cuanning Moore. The Captured Guns ut Spottsylvauia 

Southern Hittorieal Society Paper*, YoL vii. November, 1878, No. 11, pp. 535-^540. 

Paqb, Richard Channing Moore. Genealogy of the Page Family in Vir- 
ginia. New York, 18b3. 

4te, pp. 250, 14 portraits, 15 plates. 
600 copies ; not electrotyped. 

Page, Richard Channing Moore. Portrait of Thomas Nelson, jr. 

Magazine of American Hietory^ June, 1884. 

Page, Richard Channing Moork. Sketch of Page's Battery, or Morris 
Artillery, 2d Corps, Army of Northern Virginia. New York, I8ci5. 

8vo, pp. 82. 

500 copies printed ; not electrotyped. 



Page, Richard Chai^nikg Moore. Biographical Notice of Page Family. 

Appleton't Oyeiopadia a/ American Biography » Vol. it. 

Page, Richard Chai^king Moore. Diary of Major R. C. M. Page, Chief 
of C. 8. Artillery, Department of the Southwest Virginia and East 
TennesHee, from October, 1864, tuMay, 1865. [New York, I88d.] 

« 8vo, pp. 12. 

Paine, Nathaniel. Report Upon the American Coins and Tokens in the 
Cabinet of Hie American Antiquarian Society. 

Proceedings of the American Antiquarian Society at the annual meeting held in 
Worcester, October 22, 1800. pp. 34-45. 

Paine, Nathaniel. Remarks on the Earl? Paper Currency of Massachn- 
sett-s. Read before the American Antiquarian Society April 25, 1866. 
Cambridge, 1H66. 

8ro, pp. 00, plates. 

50 copies, privately printed, with additional notes. 

Also, in Proeeedinge of American Antiquarian Society, April, 1860, pp. 27-77. 

Paine, Nathaniel. An Address delivered befora the Worcester Lyceitln 
and Natural History Association May 17, 1870. Worcester, 1870. 
10mo,pp. 22. 
500 oopies. 

▲ history of the association,- with reny^rks in regard to the Worcester Lyceum, 
organised in 1829. 

Paine, Nathaniel. Brief Notice of the Library and Cabinet of the Ameri- 
can Antiquarian Society. Worcester, 1873. 
8vo, pp. 59. 

so copies for private distribution. 

Beprinted from Proceedings of the American Antiqtiarian Society , April, 1873, 
pp. 15-55. 

Pains, Nathaniel. An Account of the Worcester Lyceum and Natural 
History Association. Prepared for the International Exhibition of 
1876. Worcester, 1876. 

8vo. pp. 13. 
.'iOO copies. 

Paine, Nathaniel. An Account of the American Antiquarian Society, 
with a List of its Publications. Prepared for the Inlemational Exhi- 
bition of 1876. 

8to, pp. 30, portrait and plate. 

50 copies.. 

Also an edition of 500 copies for use at the exhibition. 

Paine, Nathaniel. Noteb. Historical and Chronological, on the Town of 
Worcester, Mass. Worcester, November, 1876. 
Large 8vo, pp. 48. 
50 copies, privately printed. 

Reprinted with additional notes from an account of the " Celebration by the In- 
~ > habitants of Worcester, Mass.. of the Centennial Anniversary of the Declaration 

of Independence.*' Printed by order of tiie City Council, 1878, pp. KK^HO. 

Paine, Nathaniel. Genealogical Notes on the Paine Family of Worces- 
ter, Mass. Albany, 1878. 
8vo, pp. 27, plates. 
Privateiy printed, 
sa copies; 

Also, printed in " Paine Family Becords, " edited by H. P. Paine, K. D., New 
Tork* 1880. 




Paine, NatRajqel. The Report of the Council of tlie American Antiqua- 
rian Society, made April 27, 1881, with Remarks on the ReYolntionary 
Orderly Books, in the possession of the Society. Worcester, Idbl. 
6vo, pp. 47. 

3U copiofl, privately printed. 

Reprinted from Proetedingt of J.m«i:iean Antiquarian Society, Vol. I, new Mriee, 
pp. 134-162, witb additional notea. 


Paine, Nathaniel. Bibliography of the American Antic^iiarian Society. 
Compileil by Nathaniel Paine, Worcester, 1B83. 
8ro, pp.26. 

60 copies, privately printed. 

Alao, with "Partial Index to the ProoeedingD of the American Antiquarian 
Society fit)m its Foundation in 1812 to 1880," pp. 65-86. 

Paine, Nathaniel. An Episode of Worcester History. Read before the 
Worcester Society of Antiquity April 1, 1884. Worcester, Haas., 1884. 

8vo, pp. 9. 

50 copies, privately printed. 

Also, printed in Proceedxng$ of Woretster Society of Antiquity, Tol. Yl, pp. 57-4B. 

Paine, Nathaniel. Random Recollections of Worcester, Mass., 1839-1843. 
Worcester, 188^. 
8vo, pp. 46, plates. 
100 copies, privately printed. 

Also, printed in Proeeeding$ of Woreetter Society of Antiquity, Vol. Ti, pp. 
The repiint lias Home additional matter. 

Paine, Nathaniel. Biographical Notice of Rear-Admiral George H. 
Preble. Prepared for the Report of the Council of the American Anti- 
qoarian Society. Worcester, 1885. 
8vo, pp. 8. 

50 copies, privately printed. 

Also, in Proeeeding$ of American Antiquarian Society, YoL m, new series, pp. 

Paine, Nathaniel. Bibliography of Worcester History. Compiled by 
Nathaniel Paine for the "Account of the Celebration of the Two Hon* 
dredth Anniversary of the Naming of Worcester, Mass." Worcester, 


8vo, pp. 18. 

ftO copies, privately printed. 

Also, in the "Account of the Celebration." printed by order of the City Gonnoil, 

pp. 167-176. 

Paine, Nathaniel. The Drama in Worcester. 

4to, pp. 7. 

100 copies. 

Ilepriotod from the " History of Worcester County, Mass.." Philadelphia, 1889. 

Paine, Nathaniel. Societies, Associations, and Culbs of Worcester. 
4to, pp. 20. plates. 
100 copies. 

Reprinted from the "History of Worcester Cunnty. Massachusetts.'* Philadel- 
phia, 1889. 

Parkman, Francis. The Oregon Trail. Sketches of Prairie and Rooky 

Mountain Life. By Francis Parkman. New York : G. P. Putnam, 1849. 

Tint printed in the Knickerbocker Magazine, 1847, 1848, 8vo, pp. 381. Fourth qdl- 

tion. revised, Little, Brown & Co., Boston, 1872, stereotyped. Ninth edition, 1888. 


Pabkman, Francis. The Conspiracy of Pontiac and the Indian War after 
the Conqnest of Canada. By Francis Pariman. Boston: Little, 
Brown &. Co., 185L • • 

Large 8to. 

Revised edition , Little, Brown A Co., 1870, B vola, 8vo, pp. 387-884, maps. Eleventh 
edition. 1889. 

Parkman, Francis. Pioneers of France in the New World. By Francis 
Parkman. Boston : Little, Brown A'^ompany, 186.5. 
8vo, pp. 473« portrait, mapn, stereotyped. 
Twenty-ftfth edition, levieed. Little. Brown Sc Co.. 1885. 

The above forms the first volame in the series entitled, ' ' France and England in 
North America.'* 

Parkman, Francis. The .Jesuits in North America in the Soyenteenth 

Century. By Francis Park mam Boston: Little, Brown & Co., 1867. 
8ro, pp. 463, map, stereotyped. 

Twenty-third edition, 1887. (Forms Part II of "France and England in North 

Parkman, Francis. La Salle and the Discovery of the Great West. By^ 
Francis Parkman. Boston: Little, Brown <& Co., 1869. 
8vo, pp. 483, maps, stereotyped. Twenty-first edition, 1889. 
This first edition, and also the ten succeeding, bore the title of "The Discovery 
of the Great West," to which the name of La Salle was prefixed in the edition of 
1879 and its successors. (Forms Part III of "France and England In North 

Parkman, Francis. The Old Regime in Canada. By Francis Parkman. 
Boston : Little, Brown & Co., 1674. 
8vo. pp. 447, steTeotyx>ed. 

Forms Part IT of "France and England in North America," eighteenth edi- 
tion, 1887. 

Parkman, Francis. Count Fronteuac and New France under Louis XIV. 
By Francis Parkman. Boston : Little, Brown & Co., 1877. 
8vo, pp. 463, maps, stereotyped. 

Forms Part Y of "France and England in North America," seventeenth edi- 
tion, 1887. 

' Parkman, Francis. Montcalm and Wolfe. By Francis Parkman. Boston: 
Little, Brown & Co., 1884. 

2 Vols., 8vo, pp. 514, 502, maps, portraits, stereotyped. 

Forms Part YI of "France and England in North America" (Part YII is in 
preparation), tenth edition, 1887. 

Besides the 8vo editions of the books of F. Parkman, a so-calied " popular edition " 
of the whole has b«>«n published by Mos«rD. Little, Hrowii & Co., in ten volumes, 
largo 12mo. Of this edition, 4,780 sets have been jirinted. 

Most of tho historical articles in magazines and reviews are incorporated in the 
books already named, excepting, however, a paper on "The Discovery of the Kocky 
Mountains," in the Atlantic for 1888. 

Patterson, Rev. George. A Brief Sketch of the Life and Labors of the 
Rev. JohnKeir,D.D.. S. T. P. Pictoo : E. M. McDonald, 10)9. 

8vo, pp. 43. 
100 copies. 
Reprinted from Ohrittian Jnttruetor, Yol. iv. ^ 

Pattrrson, George. Memoir of the Rev. James MacGregor, D. D., Mis- 
sionary of the General Associate Synod of Scotland to Pictou, Nova 
Scotia, with notices of the Colonization of the Lower Provinces of 
British America, and of the Social and Religions Condition of the 



Early Settlers. Pliiladelpfaia : Joseph M. Wilson. Edinburgh: Oli- 
phant A Co.. 1859. 
. * l2mo, pp. SAB. 

4,000 oopiM. 

Patterson, George. Memoirs of the Rst. S. F. Johnston, Bey. J. W. 
MathesoUy and Mrs. Mary Johnston Matheson, Missionaries on Tanna, 
with selections from their diaries and correspondence, and notices of the 
New Hehxides, their inhabitants and missionary work among them. 

Philadelphia: W. S. & A. Martiew, 1864. 

12mo, pp. 504, 4 portraits, 1 map, and 9 other iUastratloiif. 

4,000 copies. 
Patterson, George. A History of the Connty of Picton, Nova Scotia. 
Montreal : Dawson Brothers, 1877. 

8to, pp. 471, 1 map and 1 plate. 

1,500 copies. 

Patterson, George. Missionary Life among the Cannibals. Being the. 
life of the Rev. John Geddie, D. D., first missionary to the New Hebri- 
des, with a h istory of the Presbyterian mission on that gronp. Toronto : ' 
Jas. Campbell & Son, 1878. 

12iiio, pp. 512, 1 portrait and 8 other lllaatrations. 

4,500 copies. 

Patterson, George. Biographical Sketch of Hon. Samnel Vetch, first 

English Governor of Nova Scotia. Halifax, 1885. 

J^anBoetions of the Nova Scotia Hittoricitl Society^ 8to, pp. 63. 

In the same work is published a collection of Vetch's papers, edited by the same 
author. The two bring oat what had not prevtoasly been folly recognised, the im- 
portant part which Yetoh acted, pvticolarly in first planning the conqnest of the 
French colonies in America, a design which was not fnlly sacoessful at that time, 
only through the incapacity of those to whom the enterprise was intrusted, and 
which resulted in the conquest of Nova Scotia, of which he wat the first goremor. 

Patterson, George. Sketch of the Life and Labors of the Rev. John 
Campbell, of St. Mary's, N. T. New Glasgow, N. S. : S. M. McKenzie. 
Reprinted from the JSTome and Foreign Mittionary Becwd of tht Prttbyterian 
Churehf 8vo, pp.37. 
250 copies. 

Patterson, George. The Stone Age of Nova Scotia, as illnstrated by a 
collection of relics presented to Dalhonsie College. 

TrantacUont of tke Nova Seotia InttUute of Natural Science, Vol. vui, Part in, 1888- 
*88. 8vo, pp. 22. 

" I have also prepared a work of over 500 pages on ' The Pioneers of Presbyterian- 
ism in the Karitime Provinces,' being biographical sketches of all the Presbjrte- 
rian ministers who labored in these provinces up till the year I8I7. It contains » 
great amount of information hitherto unpublished regarding the early settlementa 
in this prorince, and the habits and oondition of the early settlers, but it has not 
yet gone to press." 
Patton, Wiluam Weston. Rights of Congregationalists in Knox Col- 
lege. Chicago, ni., 1858. 

An inquiry, as 'chairman of the committee of the General Congregaticnal Asso- 
ciation of Illinois, into the early history of Knox College, Galesbargh, HI., to ascer- 
jtain the ecclesiastical principles of its founders. 

Patton, William Weston. Address of Rev. Wm. W. Patton, D. D., at 
the Evening Service of the Qaarter-Centennial of the First Congrega- 
tional Chnrch of Chicago. Chicago: Cnlver, Page and Hoyne, 1876. 
The QtMrter-Oentennial of Out First Congregational Church of Chicago, Hay 21 and 
22»1S76, pp. 45-55. 


Pattox, WiluaMt Wbston, The Last Cent a ry of Congregationalism. 

The ifew JEngkmder, Vew Haveo, Coim., October, 187S, pp. 034-460. 

Alao reprinted in 1878, WMhtngton, D. C. The full title adds: MOr, the Infla- 
enoe In Chnreh and State of the Faith and Polity of the Pilgrim Ft^thers." Five 
thonaand oopiee were oircnlated at the expense of a layman, a copy being sent te 
every Congregational clergyman in the United States. 

Also 860 extra separate copies, printed and privately cironlated. 

Patton, William Weston. A Filial Tribute to the Memory of Rev. Will- 
iam Patton, D. D. By President William Weston Patton, D. D. Wash- 
ington, D. C, I860. , 

I 500 o9ipitiHj for private dititribution only. 

Patton. Wiluam Wkston. Skepticism and Woman. 

The New EngUj^nder, New Haven. Conn., Jnly, 1880, pp. 453-471. 
An historical sketoh of female skeptics ai^ their opinitas. 

Patton, William Webton. President Lincoln and the Chicago Memorial 
on Emancipation. A paper read before the Maryland Historical So- 
ciety, December ISth, 1687, by Boy. W. W. Patton, D. D., LL. D., 
President of Howard University. Baltimore, 1888. 

Fond Pnblication, Ko. 27. This is a nearly verbatim report of the interview of 
the Chicago committee (of which Dr. Patton was chairman, as also the author of the 
memorial) with President Lincoln, September 13, 1882, niging a proclamation of 
emancipation and the enrollment of negro troops. 

PxRKiNs, A. T. A Sketch of the Family of Damaresq, to Which is added 
reminiscences of James Damaresq, and an appendix of Docnmento. 
Albany, 1863. 

Pbbkins, a. T. a Sketch of the Life and a list of some of the works of 
John Singleton Gopley. Privately printed, 1873. 

PxRKiNS, A. T. A Sketch of some of the losses to Literature and the Fine 
Arts by the great fire in Boston of 1872. 

Written at the request of the New England Historic-Oenealogioal Society. 

Pbrkins, a. T. a Sketch of the Miller Family. Boston, 1865. 
Heraldic Journal^ Vol. I. 

Pbrkins, A. T. A Sketch of the Thomdike Family. 

Heratdie Journal, YoLi. ^ 

Pkrkins, a. T. Seals and Coats of Arms preserred npon Wills in the Pro- 
bate Office of the Connty of Suffolk, State of Massaohnaetts. 
Heraidie Journal Vols, n, m« iv. 

Pbrkins, A. T. The Cnshing Family. 
Seraidie Journal, Vol. n. 

Pbrkins, A. T. Arms and Pedigree of Gardiner Qreene, of Boston. 

Heraidie Journal, VoL ui. 
Pbrkins, A. T. The Llnzee Family. 

Heraldic Journal^ VoL iv. 

Pbrkins, A. T. The Gardiner Family. 

Heraidie Journal, Vol. VI. 

PSRRY, WiLUAic Stbvbns. An Historical Sketch of the Chnroh Mission- 
ary Association of the Eastern District of the Diocese of Massachnsetts. 
By the Rev. William Stevens Perry, M. A. Published by request of the 
AsBOQlation. Boston : £. P. Dntton and Co., 1859. 

Sto, pp. 89. 

aOO copiea printed. 

S. Mis. 170 31 


PERKTy WiLUAM Stbvens, j6int aathor. Joarnals of the General Con- 
ventions of the Protestant Epieoopal Chnroh in the United States of 
Americai from A. D. 1785 to A* D. 1853, inclnsive. Published by order 
of the General Convention ; with lilastrations, Historical Notes, and 
Appendices. By the Rev. Francis L. Hawks, D. D., LL. D., and the Rev. 
William Stevens Perry, M. A. Vol. I. Philadelphia, 1861. 

8v6, pp. 053. 

All published. Pp. 367-653, "lUtiBtntive Kote«," were, with the single exoeptloii 
of a foot-note on pago 430, prepared by the Rev. William Stevens Perry. 

Pkbry, William Strvrns, joint aathor. Documentary History of the 
Protestant Episcopal Charch in the United States of America, ^ath 
Carolina. No. 1. Francis L. Hawks, D. D., LL. D., and William Stev- 
ens Perry, A. M», Editors. New York, 1862. « 

8vo, pp. 33. 
All published. 

Perry, William Stevens. Bishop Seabnry and Bishop Provoost: an 
Historical Fragment. By the Rev. William Stevens Perry, M. A. Pri- 
vately printed, 1862. 

8vo, pp. 20. 

100 copies printed. 

Perry, William Stevens. Bishop Seahnry and the *' Episcopal Recor- 
der. '^ A Vindication. By the Rev. William Stevens Perry, M. A. Pri- 
vately printed, 1863. 
8vo, pp 48. 
UK) copies printed. 

Perry, William Stevens. The Collects of the Choroh. By the Rev. 
William Stevens Perry, M. A. Privately printed, 1863. 

8to, pp. 15. 

100 copiee printed. 

Perry, William Stevens. A Century of Episcopacy in Portland. A 
Sketch of the History of the Episcopal Church in Portland, Maine, 
from the Organization of St. PanPs Church, Falmouth, November 4, 
1763, to the present time. By the Rev. William Stevens Perry, M. A., 
Rector of il. Stephen's Church. Portland, 1863. 

8vo, pp. 16. 

Perry, William Stevens. The Conuection of the Choroh of England 
with early American Discovery and Colonisation. By the Rev. Will- 
iam Stevens Perry, M. A. Portland, Maine, 1863. 
8vo, pp. 7. 

Perry, William Stevens, joint author. Documentary History of the 
Protestant Episcopal Church in the United States of America. Con- 
taining numerous hitherto unpublished documents concerning the 
Church in Connecticut. Francis L. Hawks, D. D. , LL. D. , and William 
Stevens Perry, A. M., Editors. New York, 1863-*64. 
2 vols., Svo, pp. 328-359. 

Perry, William Stevens. Thankfulness for our Past, our Present, and 
our Foture. A sermon preached in St. Michael's Church, Litchfield, 
Conn., on the Day of National Thanksgiving, Thursday, November 26, 
1866. By the Reverend William Stevens Perry, M. A. Philadelphia, 


18mo, pp. 9. 

'* Fifty copies printed by request." 




PsBRT, WiLU AM Stb VKKa. A MemoTiftl of the Rev. Thomas Mather Smith, 
D. D., late Milnor Profesflor of Systematic Diyiqitj in the Theological 
Seminary of the Diocese of Ohio, and sometime President of Kenyon 
College. By W- &• P- Privately print6d» 1866. 

8TO,pp.68. ^ 

Perry, William Stbvens. A History of the Book of Common Prayer, 
with a Rationale of its Offices. By Francis Proctor, M. A. With an 
Introductory Chapter on the Hlstoiy of the American Liturgy. By 
William jStevens Perr^, M. A. London and New York, 1868. 

12aio. (Introductory ehapter, pp. i-xxxvi.) 

The Huneu By WQliMn BteveiM Perry, Bishop of Iowa. London and New York, 
The same. London and New Tork, 1 W8. 

PsRRT, William Stkvbns. St.- John's Chnroh, Salisbury (Coiln.). 
' Brpadaide. 

PxRRY, William Stsvisks. The Churchman's Year Book, with Kalendar ' 
for the Year of Grace 1870.. Compiled by William Stevens Perry, D. D. 
Hartford^ 1870. 
13mo, pp. rU iAO. 
- The aaane, 1871. Hartford, 1671, 12mo» pp. tI, 438, 64. 

Fbrby, Wiluam Stbvxns. Historical Collections relating to the Amer- 
ican Colonial Church. Edited by William Steyens Perry, D. D. 
Printed for the subscribers, 1870-78. 

Vol. I— Virginia. 1870, Urce 4to, pp. xtU, 585. 
VoL n— PennsylTania, 1871, lari^e 4to, pp. xzii, 407. 
Vol. m— ^MaMaohoaette, 1878, large 4to, pp. xxri, 790. 
ToL IT— Maryland, 1878, large 4to, pp. xii, 370. 
» Vol. T— Delaware, 1878, large 4to, pp. viii« 1B7. 

Two handred and fifty sets only were priftted. A number of copies of Vole. iii« 
IV, and ▼ were destroyed by fire at the bindery. 

▲ few copies— fttnn 26 to 50— of each volame were issued separately, witti the 
title : ** Papers relating to the History of the Church in Virginia," etc. 

Pbrbt, William Stevsns. Historical Notes and Docum^ts illustrating 
.the OrganlEation of the Protestant Episcopal CburcAn the United 
States of America. By William Stevens Perry, D. D., Historiographer 
of the American Chnroh. Claremont, N. H., 1874. 

8vo, pp. viii, 828. 

PxRRT, William STBVKNa Journals of the General Conventions of the 
Protestant Episcopal Church in the United States, 1785-1835. Pub- 
lished by authority of the Qeneral Convention. Edited by William 
Steven^ Perry, D. D. Claremont, N. H., 1874. 

Vol. I, 1785-1821, 8to, pp. 656. 

Ydl. n, 1828-1835. 8vo, pp. 798. 

vol in, Historical Notes and Documents, pp. 628. 

The same. A new edition. Milwaukee, Wis., 1888. 

Pb&rt, William Stsvkms, Joint editor (with Charles Reuben Hale). Fac- 
similes of Church Documents. Papers issued by the Historical Club 
of the American Church, 1874-'79. Privated printed. 

The "Council of Publication" were the Bishop of Iowa and the Bot. Dr. Hale. 

The lhe>fimiles were made hy the autotype process. 

• • 


PxRfiY, WiLUAM Stsveks. A Handbook of tl\e Geneml CoDvention of 
the Protestant Epiflcopi^ Chnrcb^ giyiDfr the History and CoDstitatioD, 
1785-1874. By Wiliiam Stevens Perry, D. D., Secretary of the Hoose 
of Clerical and Lay Depaties, and Editor of the Hiq|korioal CoUeotions 
of the American Colonial Church. New York (1874). 

12mo, pp. xir, 277. 

The book wu wholly written, printed, stereotyped, «id the first edition aold be- 
tween the dates deptember 3 and October 8, 1874. * 

The seme. Second edition. New York <1877>, ' 

The same, 1786-1877. New Yotlc, 18n. 12mo^ pp, 312. 

The same, 1785-1880. New York, 1861, 12mo, pp. 365. 

Pmsby, William Stkvens. Anglo-American Sympathy with Continental 
Reform. A Sermon Preached iu Westminster Abbey on Sunday, Octo- 
ber 17, 1875. By the Rev. William Stevens Perry, D. D., Secretary of 
the General Convention and Histortogsapher of the American Chnroh ; 
Member of the Committee of the Anglo-Continental Society. Londo|i 

8vo. pp^ 17. 

Preached at tb e request of Pean Stanley, and Kiring a sketch of the ** Bonn Con* 

PbrrY; William Stevens. The Reunion Conference at Bonn, 187^. A 

Personal Narrati ve by William Stevens Perry, D. D. Printed privately, 


Svo^ pp. 20. 

Reprinted from A^neriean Ohurch Beview. 

PerrYi William Stevens. A Snnday-School Kxperiment f Geneva, N. Y.] 

8vo, pp. 4. 

In one form or another 70,000 copies of this sketch of Siui4»y-8C>ool work in 
Trinity Ohurcli, Geneva, N. Y., were printed. 

Perry, William Stevens. A Sanday-School Experiment. By William 
Stevens Perry, D. D. Cambridge : Printed at the Riverside Press, 

J8mo, pp. 18. 

Perry, Willi^ Stevens. An Open Letter to the Members of the Cathe- 
dral Congilfation from the Bishop of the Diocese'. Davenport, Iowa, 


8vo, pp. 8, 

▲ sketch of the cathedral system, as propoeed and introduced, ia tiie Diooeee of 

Perry, William Stevens. Diocese of Iowa. The Episcopal Address of 
William Stevens Perry, D. D., LL. D., Bishop of Iowa. Davenport, 
Iowa, 1877. 

8vo, pp. 85. , 

A history of adminiatration for^the year, 1876-'77. 

Perry, William Stevens, The Bishop of Iowa's Addrese^ andr its As 
sailants. A Correspondence. Privately printed, 1877. 

8vo, pp. 26. 

Perry, William Stevens. A Sunday-School Experiment. By William 
Stevens Perry, Bishop of Iowa. Davenport, 1877, 
Perry, William Stevens. The American Cathedral. By the Bishop of 
Iowa. Davenport, Iowa, 1877. 
8to, pp. 18. 


PnftT, WiLUAM 8txvkk6» Mi8«toB8 and MiflsioDftry Biahoprics iii the 
Amorioau Cliaroh. A Paper read before the Church CongresB, held at 
Stoke-upbn-Trent, Eng., October, 1875. By William Stevena Perry, 
D. D. Privately printed, 1877. 

PxRRY, William Stevrsvs. The Collects of the Church. By Williaui 
Stevens Perry, Bishop of Iowa. J>aveDport, Iowa, 1878.' 
8to, pp. 12. 

PRRRT, William Stkvens. Hiocese of Iowa. The Ep'scopal Address of 
William Stevens Perry, D. D., LL. D., Bishop of Iowa, 1878. Dayen* 
port, Iowa, 1878. 


The seeond ycAr'a adminUtration of the Diocese of Iowa. 

Pkrry, William Strvkns. The Cathe()ral and College at Davenport. 

By the Bishop of Iowa. Davenport, 1879. 
ISroo, pp. 15^ illiutrated. - 

PsRRT, WiLUAM Stevens. Diocese of Iowa. The Episoopal Address of 
• Williaia Stevens Perry, D. D., LL. D., Bishop of Iowa, 1879. Daven- 
port, Iowa. 1879. 


History of the third year's administration. 

Pbrrt, Willlam Stevens. The Second Lambeth Conference. A Personal 
Narrative. By th^ Bishop of Iowa. Davenport, Iowa, 1^9. 

8vo, pp. 56. 

PsRRy, WiLUAM Stevens. Some Summer Days Abroad. By William 
SteveuB Perry, Bishop of Iowa. Davenport, Iowa, 1880. 


Contains acooont of the Lambeth Conference of 1878. 

Pkrbt, William Stevens. A Brief Account of the Proocedinga of the 
General Convention held in the City of Boston, Mass., Octb, 1877, with 
notice of the Principal Matters to be considered by the Convention of 
1880, and the Rules of Order of Both Houses. New York, 1880. 
12mo, pp. 33. 

Perry, William Stevens. Diocese of Iowa« The Episcopal Address of 
William Stevens Perry, D. D., LL. D., Bishop of Iowa. Davenport, 
Iowa, 1880. I 

8to, pp. 13. 

▲ sketch of the history of the foarth year's administration. 

P^RT, WiLUAM Stevens. Ober-Ammergau in 1875 and 1880. By William 

Stevens Perry, Bishop of Iowa. Privately printed, 1881. 
8vo, pp. 18. 
Reprinted from Ameriean Ohur^ Betiew. 

Prrrt, WiLUAM Stevens. Diocese of Iowa. The Kpiseopal Address of 
William Stevens Perry, D. D., LL. D., Bishop of Iowa, 1881. Daven- 
port, Iowa, 1881. 

8rO| pp. 18. 

Perry, Willlam Stevens. Easter with the Poets. By William Stevens 
Perry, Bishop of Iowa. Davenport, Iowa, 1881. 

Perrt, WiLUAM Stevens. The Chnrch's Tear. By William Stevens 
Perry, Bishop of Iowa. Davenport, Iowa, 1881. 
24mo, pp. 82 


PkMy, William Stsvkns. The Chnroh's Gxowtfa and the jDhnreh'e Needs 
in Iowa. A Letter from Bishop Peny. Davenport, 1882. 


PSBBT, WiLU^ Stbyxms. Dioceoe of Iowa. The Epieeopal Address of 
Wimam Stevens Perry, D. D., LL. D., Bishop of Iowa, 1882. Daven- 
port, Iowa, 1882. 

The asme, 1883^ DsYenport, Iowa, 188S. 8to, pp. 2S. 
The Mm6b 1S6L Dsyenporti Iowa, 1884. 8vo, pp. 18. 

Prrrt, WiixiAii Stevkns. Historical Sketch of the Prdtestant Episcopal 
Charoh in the United States of America, 1784-1884. By the Rt. Rev. 
William Stevens Perry, D. D., LL. D., Bishop of Iowa. New York, 

12aM>, pp. 9. 

PxBRT, WiLUiOi Stetkks. A Disconrse : Delivered in the Cathedral of 
Oar Meroiftil Saviour at Farlhanlt, Minnesota, before the Offlcers, Fac- 
nlty, Gradaatee, and Stadents of Seahary Hall, the Divinity School of 
* the Xrans-Missisffippi Sees and Jurisdictions, on the eve of the Centen- 
ary of the Consecration of the Reverend Samuel Seabury^ D. D., Oxon., 
to the Episcopate of Connecticut by the Bishops of the Catholic Re- 
mainder of the Chnrch in Scotland, at A.berdeen, November 14, A. D. 
1784y and Repeated in the Cathedral at Davenport, Iowa, on the 
Twenty^seoond Sunday after Trinity, November 16th, A. D. 1884. By 
William Stevens Perry, D. p., LL. D., Bishop of Iowa and Historiog- 
rapher of the American Church. Davenportt Iowa, 1884. ' 


PxRRY, William Steysns. The Election of the First Bis1v»p of Connect- 
icut, at Woodbury, on the Feast of the Annunciation, 1783. An ^istor- 
ical Review. By William Stevens Perry, Historiographer of the Amer- 
ican Church. Davenport, Iowa, 1884. 

PsBRT, WiLLLUC SxEVBNS. The Men and Measures of the Massachusetts 
Conventions of 1784-^85. A Discourse delivered in Christ Church, Cam- 
bridge, Mass., before the Eastern Convocation of the Diocese of Mas- 
sachusetts, on Occasion of the Celebration of the Centenary of the 
Founding of the Diocese. By William Stevens Perry, D. D., LL. D., 
Bishop of Iowa. Boston, 1885. 
12mo, pp. 24. 

Perry, William Stkvens. The History of the American Episcopal Church, 
1587-1783. By WiUiam Stevens Perry, D. D., LL. D., Bishop of Iowa. 
In two volumes. Boston, 18^. 

Royal 8to, pp. xz, SSft-ziv, 690. 

VoL I. The Planting and Growth of the American Colonial Chnroh, 1S87-1783. 

Vol. II. The Organisation and Progreiia of the American Church, 1788-1883. 

PxBRT, WiLLiAii Stevkns. Diocese of Iowa. The Episcopal Address of 
William Stevens Perry, D.D., LL.D., Bishop of Iowa. Davenport, 
Iowa, 1685. 

8to, ppl 21. 

The aame, 1888. Dayenport, Iowa, 1886, 8to, pp. 18. 

The aame, 1887. Davenport, Iowa, 1887, Sro, pp. 18. 


Perry, William Stevsns. A Diaooarae delivered in the Cathedral of 88. 
Peter and Paul, Chicago, Illinois, on Friday, Fe'braary 4th, 1887, the 
Centenary of the Consecration of the Rt. Rev. William White, D. D., 
Bishop of Pennsylvania, and Repeated in the Cathedral, Davenport, 
Iowa, on Septnagesima Sunday, Fehrnary 6th, 1887. By William 
Stevenis Perry, Bishop of Iowa and Historiographer of the American 
Chiiroh. Printed by request. Davenport, Iowa, 1887. 
8to, pp.21. 

Pkrrt, William Stbvrns. The Centenary of the British Colonial Epis- 
copate. A Sermon Preached in St. PanVs Cathedral, Wednesday, June 
29, 1887, on occasion of the 186th Anniversary of the Society for the 
Propagation of the Gospel in Foreign Parts. By William Stevens 
Perry, Bishop of Iowa. London : Printed for the Society for the Prop- 
agation of the Gospel in Foreign Parts, 1887. 
8to, pp. 14. 
The aame (raprint). Grinnell, Iowa, 8to, pp. 22. 

Pkrry, William Stevens. A Missionary Apostle. A Sermon Preached in 
Westminster Abbey, Friday, August 12, 1887, on occasion of the Cen- 
tenary of the Consecration of Charles Inglis, D. D., First Bishop of 
Nova Scotia. By William Stevens Perry, Bishop of Iowa. London, 


8To,pp. 12. 

The use of the word "rebel/* aaapplled toonr forefathers by Dr. IiiKlis in a letter 
quoted in this disooane, waa made the occasion of a sensational oablejpwn to the 
Ifew Tork World bitterly assailing the preacher, who, without his knowledge, had 
been the preceding day unanimoasly elected by the Synod at Halifax, Noria Scotia, 
Lord Bishop of Nova Scotia. The New Tork World snbsequently published a com- 
munication denying the charges brought against the preacher by its London cor- 

Perry, William Stbvbns. A Sermon Preached at the Consecration of 
the Rt. Rev. W.T. Harrison, D.D., Lord Bishop of Glasgow and Gal- 
loway, at the Chnrch of St. Maty the Virgin, Glasgow, Scotla