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Full text of "Circular of the Maryland Agricultural College"

. UL( 



FIKST CIRCULAR 



OF THE 



MARYLAND 



AGRICULTURAL COLLEGE 



BALTIMORE, JULY, 1859. 



UBtAKV, P\«VJR<?|ry op W.u»vr 

baltimobk: 

PRINTED BY SAMUEL 5SANDS MILLS, 

No. 1 North Street. 

1859. 



4;)150 



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A Prepnrnto^-v Department W\\\% atiaclud to the Colleji:e, nil Siudents 
iibove the age c- twelve years, -svill he aflmitte<l upon ilieir producing evi- 
dence, satisfactory to the Faculty, of their s^ood moral character and upon 
their complying with the other requirements of the Insiitution. 

Every Studont, upon application for admission, shall be furnished with a 
c(»py of the laws of the Institution, and before being admitted shall sign the 

following pledge: '*!, , having carefully read and 

cousiden d the Kules and Regulations for the government of the Maryland 
Agricultural College, do hereby promise to observe and conform to the same, 
and to such others as may hereafter be estiiblishedj so long as I remain a 
metnher of the Institution. ' 



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The Collegiate year, AviU be divided into Iwc. term^v— *the first eouimeiicing 
on the first Wednesday of September and ending on the first Wednesday of 
March, and the second commencing on the first Wednesday of March and 
ending on the last Friday of .Inly. All applications for admission should be 
lod-vd with the Facnlty at least two weeks before commencement day. 



•The College will not be opened tlie present year for the reception of Students until 
:he fnst Wednesday of October, when it will be formally dedicated, and U .s partuu- 



for admission should be made as soon as possible. 



lovlv rfp«»irable that all applications 

laily aesiraoit luaua ff 4>„. thr^ retention of all who d"^iv to enter at 

in order that pivparations may be made ioi the reception o. an v. 

that time. 



OFFICE K S 



OF I ME 



p a v||l n n tl M^\ i cii It u v al € al 1 n] w 



TIU SIKES. 

THOMAS CKUKV Vm.k<;anv Countv. 

J. DIXON I\(>MAX AN APMINOTO.N CouxTV. 

(tEOKCiK R. DKXXiS. l^UKDKIMCK COITXTV. 

A. 1>(U\ IE 1)A\ IS Mo\r(i()MEuv Countv. 

(UIARLES (^VRROLL. H(.wv«n (^HNrv. 

S. T. r. r>ROWX, Cahr(»ll CoiNTv. 

JOHN (". i)UrxE .r>\iTi.M(»!{K city. 

JOIIX M KJi^i^ .M AX, I5Ai/nMO!{K ( Olnty'. 

RAMSAY MxIIKXRV. IIauk(ii{i> Coi nty. 

(J. M. ELDRTIXiK (ecu. Cointy. 

JAMES T. EARLE <^)rEK\ Annk's County'. 

EDWARD WILKIXS Kknt TorsTY. 

SAMUEL HAMRLETOX Tai.uot Cui nty. 

> 

R. C. CARTER. Caikh.ink Cou.vty. 

AYIELIVM T. (JOLDSRORorCH D<M{cm:>TKi! County. 

CHARLES R. CALVERT. RinNui: Gkoik^k's Couxty. 

GEORGE R. DEXXIS. Somehskt Cointy. 

WILLIAM H. Rl'RXELL Wojukstki: Couxty. 

JOHX H. 80TH0R0X St. Makvs rorNTV. 

WALTER MITCHELf Cwaklks County. 

THOMAS J. (;RA}L\M, ('ALVKkT County. 

N. R. W()RTHIX(rroN. Annk Auundel County. 

JOHN O. (JROOME Eastkijn Shouk. 

(rrno H. WJLLIAMS Wkstkhn Shoke. 

W. W. rORCORAX DisnncT <»F Co;.uvujr.v. 



HONOUAIIY MKMnKi: <»F HoAKO OF THUSTKKS. 

\)H. WILLLVM NEWTON MERCER, ok Louisukna 



PIlKSiOKNT OF HOAKI) OF TltU.^TFH^. 

CHARLES R. CALVERT. 



HK<.ISTEH, 

.R)I(N O. WHARTON 

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I-BOKEsson OK HOTANV rVT*,. 



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* . '^ '" Sepi,.n,ber, will till the v 



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Thk Board of Trustees, dcemiiio it ri<:ht and proper in the i.»r^unizjitiou 
of every Institution, i^ockinjj: pui)lic paironago. that its desi;:ns and ohjei-ts 
should he clearly and distinctly «et forth, het^ leave to refer to tiie follow- 
in«r Extract from tlie Rejiori of their Reiji^ter. Dr. John (). Wharton, as 
embodying their yieNys and purposes in the estahlisiiment of this Institution. 

'' While the Trustees .ire constrained In the amount of means nt>\v at iheir 
commaad to limit their oj»erations. thev desire to make knoun distinetlv the 
ullimate eiids and purposes by \yhich they are governed. 

Their scheme then is first, an Educational Institution in its mo^t compre- 
hensive sense. Its definition of education i^ tiiat it is the united symmetrical 
development ami instruction of the reli|jiou«, the intellectual and the physical 
qualities of the man. It recognl-ses the whole man in ali the departments ot 
his Ijeino as the object of its care. Its aim is not to in&truct merely, not to 
impart knowledjje merely, but to awaken, to develo[.. to train and discipline 
all the latent inborn powers and faculties of the man. that he may « oniman<i 
them for the high and noble uses of which they nui\ be caj»able. or for whicli 
they were designed. 

It is not to be supposed then, that wliat we designate an Agiicultural Col- 
lege, aims merely at professional instruction in agriculture. The plan un- 
doubtedly embraces such instruction, but it is far more comprehent^ive. It 
claims for the farmer or ihe mechanic, or for whomsoever its <are may l>c 
sought, first, his development as a man, trained and fitted to the full extent 
of his capacity, for all the duties of a man and a <'ilizen. To this end it 
otTors Idm the advantage of the most approved systems of moral and intellec- 
tual cidture : and super-add^ to these for his physical training, moderate and 
svstematic exercises in the field and in tlie workshop, a.s the best means of 
laying the foundation of future health and energy, in a w ell developed, ro- 
bust, physical constitution. 



Thus incidentally if not primarily, the sclienio embraces the ljc?t practicnl 
training in agriculture iind incchiinic arts. The student learns the varions 
useful details of agriculture and horticiillure and the mechanic arts : he ac- 
quire!? .skill and handi-craft in the use of tools and implements, from the ham- 
mer or the hoe, to the scythe or the plou^;h: he learns the construction and 
management of all such machinery as he may prohably have the future iJse 
of. These practical exercises are learned simultaneously with his scientihc 
instruction, in the lecture rt)om. and the valuable mental habit is acquired of 
referrini: practices to their princii>les. and of watching and noting the facts 
and circumstances which in practice modify tlie ajjplication of [mrely scienti- 
fic theories. The well informed mind, and the cunning right hand will learii 
to work together, and labour ^^ ill be enlightened and dignified by its associ- 
ation with science. 

As regards moral and intellectual culture and instruction, we propose no- 
thing more, yet nothing less than the system which has approved itself to 
the wise and learned of many generations. The religious training is more 

especially the duty of the parent and the church. It begins at the nu^th(r's 
knee and its best and most eifeclive lessons are learned I'efore the period of 

College life. With strict impartiality as to the various shades of Christian 
belief, the moral character shall here be guarded by vigilance and discipline 
from corrupting and immoral intiuences; and by diligent instruction be con- 
firmed and strengthened in the great principles of faith and well living, 
which rise above all denominational differences and discussions. 

In mental culture we adojit the course of studies of the most approved In- 
stitution for training and disciplining the intellect and cultivating the taste; 
embracing the study of languages spoken and unspoken ; the mathematics 
in its several departments and applications ; moral and intellectual philoso- 
phy ; the physical sciences — those especially more immediately associated 
with agriculture; also the science of government, political • conomy, and })o- 
litical ethics. 

In connection with such, studies, a patriotism which shall embrace his 
whole country, and a devotion to the Republican principles of the Govern- 
ment will be faithfully instilled. Its teachings will rise above section and 
party : will know no diflerence of class, and acknowledge no personal supe- 
riority but what is due to worth an ^ excellence of character. 

The scheme of the Agricultural College, in connection with an Educational 
InsUtntion such as is here sketched, embraces an experimental and model 



1 



farm, with a jjan for the advancement of Agricultural Science, based upon 
practice. Science in its applications to agriculture is in its infancy. Tts 
promi^es and professions are many, but they are as yet unfulfilled, h pro- 
poses theories without number, which want the substantial basis of facts. It 
is proposed to institute here a system of experiments made under the most 
intelligent observation of fiicts, with an accurate aiid careful record of ail tlie 
circumstances attending and bearinof ujfon them. These experiments will be 
made in the full light of all that Science now professes to teach, but with al>- 
solute impartiality as to tb.eories already in vogue, and the strictest reserve 
in adopting conclusions. Their design will be to contribiite in some degree 
to building up an Agricultural Science on the sure tbundation of well a.scer- 
tained facts. 

The farm, in its general management, it is proposed to make a model and 
an example of the best modes of culture in the several departments of Agri- 
culture. It will be stocked with the best breeds of c^ittle. sheep, hogs, ic, 
and the most approved tools, imjilements and machine^;. 

To complete the arrangements whieh a system so comprehensive demands, 
a commodious Workshop, with motive power sufficient for all its purjjoses, 
and with space enough for exercise and instruction in most of the Mechanic 
Arts, at least for those operating in wood, iron, and stone, is indispensable. 
The motive }»ower we have in the abundant and rapid stream which pas.ses 
through the farm. Will the means to erect the building and purcha.se the 
requisite ma(*hinery l>e denied us?'' 



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■ ■ \ 
The farm is abuut uvo iind a half miles north of Bladensburj?, allmitSjiiue 

from Wa>hi!ij^toii and tAventv-oioht from IJaltimore. It is traversed by the 
Turnj>ike RoaJ. betwwMi the two cities, ami is in full view of the Rail Road 
without touching it at any point, but with the right of way thruugh the ad- 
joining property to a switch about three-quarters of a mile from the College 
lUiildiiig. 

Tlie College Building ij.- one hundred and twentr feet in length, fiftv-fuur 
feet in widtli, five stories high, with Kitchen, Dining Room, Pantry, "Waali 
Room. &V.J in the basementj Avith eight Lecture and Clas? Rooms on the 
principal lloor, and Dormitories in the upper stories sufficient for the com- 
fortJ)l>lc accommodation of two hundred students, and is so constructed as to 
insure the riiost perfect ventilation, and to afford everv faci' tv for heating 
t* very part of it in the most approved manner, by hot water oi heated air. 

There is al^«> a Ijoarding House, or Hotel on the premises, for the acctmi- 
niodaiion of visitors. 



i) ,0 u a t i n ^ 



In conclusion, the Board of TrusTeos appeal to all Professions to assist iu. 
putting in full oi>eration au Institution intended to advance the interest of 
jtll, 'by increasing and diffusing knowledge'' on tho.^^e subjects u]>on which 
the prosi)erity of the whole is dejicndent. They Avill gratefully receive from 
Publishers Scieiitilic, Agricultural and Statistical Periodicals and other 
"Works; from State Boards of Agriculture and Agricultural Societies their 
Transactions; from Inventors and Mechanics models of their Inventions, 
Machines and Implements, or the Machines and Implements themselves; and 
from {:;cientific bodits or men, Geological, Minendogical Botanical, Zoologi- 
cal. Entomological or Ornithological Specimens. 

All donations or communications distinctly marked for Maryland Agricul- 
I'lral College, can be sent to the ofBce of the ''American Farmer,'' Baltimore; 
C. B. Calvert, Hrattsville. Prince George's County, or Xational Hotel, 
^V ashing ton Citv. 



X p t n !!5 1 ^ 



The entire charge per annum to each pupil, for Board. Tuition, Lodging. 
Washing, Fuel and Lights, will be two hundred and ^ti/tif Jo//r/r.'— payable one 
half, at the time of matriculation, and the other half at the end of the fir^t 
term, on the First Wednesdav of March. 



■■ ^f H ^ » 



f a ^ n t i ici w ^ » 



There will be two vacations during the year. The first will commence on 
the Third Friday of December, and last three weeks— and the second will 
commence on the last Friday of July and continue until the first Wednesday 
of Septendjer. 



C>' 



HnUm^ Juiwl.s. 



Even 8tudentj on matriculating, must deposit >\ itli the Patron all the 
funds which lie shall have in his possession inlcnilrd to defray his expenses 
while at Collcje, or on his return llunce to his residence, lie must also de- 
posit with the Patron all such further funds as he may receive for the same 
purpose. The Patron will disburse the funds, so dej»osited, for all legitimate 
purposes upon the order of the ^?tudent. No money will l>c advanced to any 
Studi nt l>e\ ond the actual amount deposited by him in the hands of the Pa- 
tron ; and Parents and Guardians are parti«'ularly requested not to furni<h 
Students with any pocket money, as the Patron, out of the funds in his 
hands, "w ill allow such reasonable amount a«i may be determined upon by the 
Fiicultv. 



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