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Full text of "Circular of the Maryland Agricultural College"

1877 



V. 



\^ REGISTER 



AND 



JPBE^IIJDENT' 8 BEP OJR T 



OF TKK 





'- "ii c5or - ' 



ttu: 



d' 



ep*e 



FOR 



®®s/on ETTdino- June^ 




1877 



BALTIMORE: 

Fkom the Stkam rrvi:s3 of Jamks Young, 

112 NYkst Ualtisiokk Stiiekt. 

1877. . 



7 
/ 






Hon. JOHN LEE CAEEOLL, 

Governor of j^fanjland, 

Hon. DANIEL FIELDS, 
President of tlic Senate. 

HoK. LEWLS C. SMITE, 
Sj)eaher of the House of J)d€(jaics. 

Prof. M. A. NP]WELL, 

Princvpcd of State Kormul School. 
Rcpresontinr? ilie Stocliliol<lors : 

Hon. JA:MES T. EAPLE, ALLEN ])ODGE, Esq., 

Majok J. F. LEE, Judge A7. H. TUCK, 

K WIIIT.AIAN, Esq., W.M. B. SANDS, Esq., 

Gen. E. L. F. IIARDCASTLE. 



-•^ 



•'^ 



Hon. E. J. Hexkle JJ. S. Jloiise of Eeprcscniaiives. 

Mr. J. II. McIlKxiiy PikcmUe, Md. 

Mr. James L. McLean Baltbnore, Md. 

Hon. IlENiiY Snyder Baltimore, Md. 

Hon. James A. Bond Prince Frederick^ Md. 

Hon. Daniel Field Denton, Md. 

Hoji. J. K. LoNG^YELL Wesimhister, Md. - , 

Hon. C. Mack all, 2*1. D ?Jlkton, Md. 

Majoi- "NVm, P>. j\rATiTKY,'& Port Tohacco, Md. 

Hon. FjiANCis P. Pjieli's Ckunhridge^ Md. 

Hon. E. II. Steineh Frederick , Md. 

Hon. John Daily Oakland, Md. 

Henj.v I). Faknandis, Esq Bclatr, Md. 

Hon. A. P. GoiJMAK Laxircl, Md. 

Col. Edwakd "Wilkins GJiestertoicn, Md. 

Hon. Nicholas Bkeavek, ^I. D Rockrille, Md. 

Hon. DeWitton SNo^vDEN, M. D Laurel, Md. 

Hon. 13. F. Ford Centreville, Md. 

Hon. George P. Dennis U. S. Senate. 

Hon. J. F. Dent Leonardioion, Md. 

Hon. Ed^yard Lloyd Faston, Md. 

Hon. Z. T. Claggett Jlagcrstoicn, Md. 

Hon. Humpitkey Humphreys Salislury, Md. 

Hon. William J. Aydelotte Snoio Hill, Md. 

Hon. T. G. McOuLLOUGii Cinnherland, Md. 









WILLIAM II. PAIiKEE, President, 
Professor of Civil Kiujincering and Astronomy. 

THOMAS II. JONES, 
Professor of Ar/ri3ulture, Architecture and Drmcing. 

R. R KELSON, 

Professor of Physics and Applied Maihcniatics. 

J. D. WAKFIELD, A. ]\L, 

Professor of English JJicratun, J^fcntal Science and JJi^orii. 

WM. D. MORGAX, A. 15., 
Professor of Chemistry and Natured History. 

F. YON" EROCKDORFF, LL. D., 
Professor of Ancient and Modern Languages. 



Professor of Mathematics. 

THOMAS F. SNYDER, 

Assistant Professor of Mathematics and Commandant of Cadcte. 

C. J. SHIPLEY, 

Siiperintcndent of Farm and Instructor in Practical Agriculture. 



gftlitiiKil §q&mniim. 



Maj. T. F. SNYDER, 



Commandant. 



Tlic terms of the United States appropriation require military .jnstruc- " 
tiou. 

Tlic course consists of regular drills and lectures upon tactics and the 
organization of armies. iMilitar^^ discipline "is enforced, and cadets arc 
recpiired to appear at all times in uniform. 

For tlic better instruction in Infantry Tactics and military police and dis- 
cipline, IJic Cadets liavc been consolidated into one company, under tile 
command of the Connnandant of Cadets. The ofllccrs and non-comiiiis- 
sionod arc selected from those Cadets ^vho have been niost active and 
soldier-like in the performance of tljcir duties, and most exemplary i)i tlicir 
general deportment. 

CAPTAIN, 

GKOKGE THOMAS. 



LIEUTKNAKTS, 



E. L. CURTIS, 
E. G. EMACK, 



Adjutant. 
J. U. WHITE. 



First Sekgeakt, 
Sergeant Majok, - 
Col. Seiigj:akt, - - 



H. G. SQUIERS. 
- J. F. MERCKK. 
- AY. G. FOSTER. 



BEKGKAXTS, 

SCOTT TRUXTUN, 
WILLIAM. II. THOMAS, SAMUEL CISSEL, 

T. T. IIOUSTOX, ■ E. G. BENSON. 

COKPOKALS, 

JAMES CHESTOX, R. G. GEASLIN, 

F. SOTIIOROX, ' - . . < F. BREWER, 

L. C. ]\IOORE, ''/ G. G. DAYENrORiT. 



A 



1 

\ 



7 



1875-76. ' 



yame. Parent or Guardian. 

Bat^ki'., "W.Af ^rrs. J\f. A. Baker . . 

BeTiT.tngee, O. 11 C. B. Bdlh'irjtr 

BrcKNELL, J. ]) C. B. Blchncll 

Brsiior, Iv. C Mrs. A mi Bi.sJiop . . . 

]>LAT]:, "W. J Alexander Blair . . . . 

Blaki:, II. }) Vr.s. A. E. Blalc . . . 

CAf=ox, 'j\ J Hon. F. J. Ca^on . . . 

Casox, A\''alti:ii ]Ion. F. J. Oi-^on . . . 

Catlett, J. ]\r , Jii. . .James M. Catleli. . . . 

Clau])11, ]T]:h]]Ekt DennU Claude 

ChArvKE, IIi:kmax 7'. 0. Cl(irl:>: 

Chance, T. F 'JlUjliman Chance. . . 

Cook, F. 31 jVrs. A. B. Cool:. . . . 

Cook, E. S l. M. E. Cooh 

Cook, Jay A. D. Coolc 

Con'xess, Y). ]> John Coruicsf! 

Curtis, ]•]. L E. J. Curiis 

Cjlvyex, j\lAC])0N0UGir. 77": .vz'.73 7'. Craven . 



DkLaxey, Jorix VovE. Dr. Georfje K. Box. 

Deax, CnAiiLKS J. B. Bean 

130TY, G. H 

l)o^vxMAx, J. B .. 

IHVALL, MaIUUS. 
1>VEK, S. A ..... 



J/f6\ J. E. JTe.nderson 

B. W. Btarnman 

Br. M. Bui I'M 

. . . .Mrs,. B. Dyer 

Mrs.FAUn FdeUn... 

. . . . 7v. 0'. BnidcL' 

M. . . W. J. J'hninri 



r.DELlN, P. G.... 
1-WACK, E. G.... 
^-MMKT, Li:lIoY AV 

^^MoiiY, E. II Blanch Emory, Etg 



Address. 

. ."Wasliiiiglon, D. C. 
. .Portland, Oregon. 
. .Pliihuklphia, Ponii. 
. .Spriiiiffioltl, Ohio. 
. .Or:)iir;cvi]Ie, Md. 
. ,Sliuforilsvi!l(.', X. C. 

. ."\Y!\shin!Tlon, ]^. C. 
. ."Wa^liiiigloii, ]). C. 
. .Catlett Station, Ya. 
. . Ann;! poll. -^j M(l. 
. .Pliiladclpliia, Peiin. 
. .Easton, 'Md. 
. .ISTew Orlean?, La. 
. .Wash in -ton, 1). 0. 
. .AVasliingtoii, J). C. 
. . jMalapan, IMass. 
. .Boise City, Idaho. 
. .GeneYa, X. Y. 



. .GeneYa, X. Y. 
..Baltimore, ]Md. 
..Plainfield, X. J. 
. ."NVasliington, E. 0. 
. .Balliniore, Md. 
. ."Washington, E. C. 

..St. Mary's, Md. 
. .Bellsville, Md. 
. .Pehuun, X. Y. 
..CentreviU., Md. 



8 

Kams. Parent or OuarcUan. Address. 

Estill, A. E Capt. ]V. J. Kdill Petersburg, 111. 

Eyke, M. K Wilmi Eyre Kcwport, R. I. 

FiNLKY, B. L T. 11. Finky Wasliington, D. C- 

* 

Gauland, J. S J. S. Garland. Washington, D. C. 

Gilliam, Donkell Maj. JI. A. Gilliam Edeiiton, N. C. 

Guest, James Axtd-ek.. Commodore John Guest. .'}^q\{s\\]\q^ I^rd. 
CuEST, Jou>i Commodore John Gucat, . Bells villc, Md. 

llABEKSiiAM, IlAiaiY S.^. W. ITdbcrsMm St. Dennis P. 0., Md. 

IIenkle, E. J Hon. E. J. JJenldc Brooklyn, ISId. 

IIewes, ]\l. L James E. JMoes lloovcrsville, IVId. 

Holmes, I. D John L. Holmes Wilmington, N. C. 

IIoLSTON, RoBEiiT Mrs. J. L. Hohton Ilyattsvillc, Md. 

IIolston, a Mrs. J. L. Holsion TTyatLsville, !Md. 

lIoiiN, M. L ]>c7}jamin Horn Balliniorc, JMd. 

noiiN, J. P Jknjamin Horn Baltimore, Md. ■ 

Jackson, J. M J. 31. Jackson Sligo, Md. 

Jones, Pembroke Mrs. P. If. Hklcinson . . .Wilmington, N. C. 

Jones, J. ]*aul Peulen Jones Calonsvillc, Md. 

Jones, AYilliam Win. Jones, Esrj Poolsvillc, j\id. 

Johnson, James AY A. M. Johnson, Esq Chattanooga, Tenn. 

Macomb, A. C Col. A. G. Macomb Bock Island, Bl. 

Marchand, J. T Mrs. M. I). Marcltand. . .Annapolis, !Md. 

^Ierceii, John F F. S. Mercer Washington, D. C. 

Moksell, B. F B. F. Morsell Washington, D. C. 

Nichols, A G. S. Nichols.. New York, N. Y. 

Outkam, T. S John Outram Easton, Md. 

Pakker, P. A Commodore F. A. rar7ccr.h\\\\Vi\)o\h,^l(\. 

Patterson, S. A. W . .Commodore Patierson . . .Washington, 1). C. 

Reamer, M. M Samuel P. Fisher Philadelphia, Pcnn. 

Rice, P. ]\I Frederick Pice Baltimore, Md. 

RoniNsoN, II Mrs. Pohinson San Francisco, Cal. 

RoRiNsoN, W Mrs. P. B. Pohinson Washington, D. C. 

SiMrsoN, Edward Capi. E. C. JSimjison Newport, R. I. 

SOTHORON, J. F J.H Soihoron Cliarlottc Hall, Md. 



ri 



9 

J^amt. Parent or Guardian. Addreri. 

Taylob, J-: Jo7i?i f^. Tayhr Pviclimond, K5'. 

Tno^iAS, 7'. }I Mrs. Eleanor Thomas . . .Cbaplico, St. 2^Iary^s, ^Id. 

Thomas, W. II Mrs. Eleanor Thomas . . .Chaptico, St. iMary'^, ]^.Id. 

Tjiomas, Gi:op.gk Mrs. Eleanor Thoiiias . . .Chai-)tico, St. Mary's, !Md. 

TiioMi'SON, P. W M. Thompson, Ezq Vrasliiiiglon, D. C. ^ 

Tkuxtun, "Wm Cai^U W. F. T'ruxtun . . .Korfoll:, Ya. 

Vance, Z. B., Jii ITon. Z. li. Vance Charlotte, K, C. 

White, James Archibald Yvhite Briglitwood, D. C. 

WniTELOCK, ^YM ]l. Q. WhitelocJc BaltiiU'ore, Md. 

WIIiLTA^rs, Edwaiid . . ./7b72. W7n. Williams "Wnshington, r>. C. 

Williams, Euge>:e. .. ./Tt'??. Wm. Vrilliarfis Wasliington, B. C. 

AYiLSON, II. . . : Ihv. 'Franklin ^Vihorl. . .Baltimore, !Md. 

WiKCiiESTEU, J. P J. M. Winchester Baltimore, Md. 

WoHTinNGTON, J. I-.'. ..Prof. N. B. WortMnQton . K.'^x\<:xA\A\xdX College, ?.Id. 



HEOAPITULATIOK 

Maryland, 32 

District of Columbia, . . , 17 

Kortli Carolina, 5 

New York, . . 4 

Pennsylvania, .-. .. .. 8 

Virginia, 2 

New Jersey, 2 

Illinois, 2 

California, , 

Idaho, , .- . . 

Kentucky, 

Louisiana, 

Massachusetts, 

Ohio, 

Oregon, 

Rhode Island, 

Tennessee, 

Total, 7C 



10 



&dmM d Mukniff. 



1876-77. 



k TsmiiC. Parent or Guardian. Address. 

'Beall, RrciiArvD H 71iomas J. Bcall Olncy, Md. 

Benson, E. G Thomas R. Beiifton "Washington, D. G, 

Blake, \l. B Mrs. 11. E. Blaise Korlli Carolina. 

Brewick, F Mrs. Gerd. Brewer Annapolis, JVId. 

BuiiDiCK, C. E J. IL Burdlch Dakota Temtciy, 

Catlett, J. M., .Tj;, . . .Janice Jif. Cailett Virginia. 

CiiKi^TOX, James, Jii. . .James Chcdon Owcnsvillc, jMd. 

CiioATE, RuKUS Washhigton, D. C. 

Ci?R):l, S. K Bcnj. G. Cisscl Clarksvillo, l>\Ci. 

Cj.aude, ]Ii:jniEiiT . . . .Bennis Claude Annai)o]i.<, Md. 

CiiENSiiAAV, A. V A. p. CreiiiyhaiD District of Colunibit:: 

CnoFUT, Geqiige James M. Crofai South Carolina. 

CuitTis, E. L K. J. Curtis Idaho Territory. 

])AYE>;ror/r, Geo. G. . .Mrs. J. B. Bareivport. . . .'NTashington, D. C. 

])eax, Cii ae.les C J. B. Bean I^Iaryland. 

DuRAND, W. F }Ym. N. T)uraiid Counccticut, 

Duii]ioKOW, R. N Wm. Struthers, Esq. Philadelphia, Penu. 

DuYALL, Mahius, Jii . .Br. M. Buvall Baltimore, Md. 

Dkesseu, James AY Jas. W. Bresscr I^Iinncsota. 

Dyeu, S, Allen Mrs. E. B. Bi/er. .^ "Washington, D. C, 

Edelen, Pv G Mrs. Ellen Edelen Maryland. 

Emack, E. G E. G. Emack, ]\laryland. 

Foster, J. M Br. T. W. Easier Kentucky. 

FosTEK, "W. G Br. M. W. l^osier Baltiraore, Md. 

Geaslen, It. h Jas. Ij. Gcaslcn Carroll's Mills, ]\Id. 

Giles, A. B W. E. Giles Baltimore, Md. 

Harersiiam, JI. L A. ^V. Jlabersham IMaryland. 

3T0LST0N, A .Mrs. J. J. Jlohton Maryland. 

11 oj.sTON, R Mrs. J. J. Jlohton Maryland. 



11 

jVcH«. Parent or Guardian, Addrai. 

IIooE, E:NnrETT //. J/. JTooz Maryland. 

IIoKX, J. .Bevj. Jlorn, Tl^q }ja1tiinore, ]Mtl. 

lIoKN, M Ticnj. Jlorn, J-sq BaUiinore, ^Id. 

IIousTOX, Tiio.M AS T.. ,/. //. Sivcillo AVasliiiiLjton, ];. 

IIooGEv.-EKFF, ,1 . A. . . . S. Jl Jloogcircrff J^alliniore, Md. 

Jackson, J. M., Jii. . . ./. M. Jackson i\roiitgoi)ic'iy county, ]\Id, 

jAiiPvETT, BEiniiE Mrs. A. Jjond Jarreti Baltimort', ]\Id. 

Johnson, J. F Capt. C. Ji. Johnson Baltimore, Md. 

Johnson, "W. IT CaiH. U. J?. Johnson . . . .Balliniorc, ]Md. 

Jones, Llewelta^n. . . . Col. J?oger Jones BaUin\orc, i\Iu. 

Jones, ^YILLIAM W Wm. T. Jones. roolcsville, jNId. 

Key, Ali'.eut Tlon. Datid M. JZcy Tennessee. 

KoEHL, '^VILLTA^^ Jl. K. : ]Maryland. 

IvLMi'.ALL, K. S J. JT. Juinhali . . .- Wisconsin. 

LATirA:.t, IIahky j(\ J. L'-'ihrf.m jSIarylijnd. 

Lkach, James M 0. C. CiLCh Vrashini^toij, V>. C. 

Lyon, M. B (jcorcjz A. J.yon AVasliinglon, D. G. 

MAinuJEY, John B 7);-. John ]!'. Tliync Vovl Foole, Md, 

jMenocae, a. N A. C. Mcu'jcd ^V ashinglo]), ]). C. 

MEJiCEii, J. F Dr. T. S. M'srccr AVasln'nglon, ]). C. 

Mekcer, B. S Mrs. JJ. J. Mercer "West Bivcr, ]\Id. 

MiCHLEii, R. Jtc Gcnl. N. MrJdcr. ...... .Philadeli)liia, Pa. 

MiLLEK, "William L. . .Mrs. J'. Miller Washington, T>. 0. 

Mitchell, Wallace . .Johji ]Y. Mitchell Port Tobacco, ISId. 

MooiiE, L. C F. Ij. Moore Georgetovrn, 1). 0. 

Morales, J. B A. G. Mt noccd Washington, P. C. 

Mo]isELL, B. F B. J\ Murnll Washington, D. C. 

McWiioiiTEK, J. G Geo. G. Mc ^Vhorier Georgia. 

Pakkek, F. a Commodore P. A. Parker .V>o>{ov , j\ras3. 

Pelouze, Louis Gerd. Ij. II. Pehuze Wasliinglon, D. C. 

Perky, John A Gen. Alex. J. Perry Connecticut. 

PiAi'LEY, R. R W. W. Rapley WasliingtoR, D. C. 

Rice, F F, Bice Baltimore, Md.- 

Ripley, G. H. . , Dr.Z.H. Bipley Washington, B. C. 

Scott, Townsend B. S. Scott Baltimore, >Id. 

Schneider, II. M L. Jl Sch?i(ider Washington, D. C. 



12 

JVamt. Parent or Guardian. Addrees. 

Bmead, K. C Mrs. 8. A. Foulke Iowa. 

SoTHOKox, J. F Col J. 11. SotJioron Maryland. 

Squieks, II. G John A. Hquiei's. Minnesota. 

SuTPnijf, IlAKiiY Jo7m IL Sutpldn .New York. 

Shivers, John Mrs. Shivers Baltimore, Md. • 

Thomas, George Mrs. Eleanor Thomas . . .Maryland. 

Thomas, William 11. , Mrs. Eleanor Thomas . . Maryland. 
TrUXTUN, Scott Capt. TT. Tmxtm}, Virginia. 

Vance, C. V Charles Vance Maryland. 

"White, J. M A, Wldte Washington, D. C. 

WiCKES, Jos. Lee P. L. Wickes Pennsylvania. 

Williamson, S. H Oeorgc Williamson North Carolina. 

WiTMEK, Jos. C G. Witmer Washington, D. C. 

Wood, Charlie C. T. Wood Washington, D. C. 

Wood, Jos. L Thomas W. Wood Virginia. 

^ Woods, William E . . . Charles B. Woods Ohio. 



-*•■*- 



RECAPITULATION. 

Maryland, 87 

Washington, 19 

Virginia, 3 

Noith Carolina, '. 2 

Pennsylvania, 3 

Minnesota, 2 

Connecticut, . . 3 

New York, , 

Dakota Territory, 

Idaho Territory, 

Kentucky, 

Tennessee 

Wisconsin, 

Georgia, 

Iowa, 

Ohio, 

Massachusetts, 

Georgetown, 

South Carolina, 

District of Columbia, . . . . 

Total, 81 



13 



Graduates of 187^* 

JOHN B. GBAY, B. S. F. B. HYDE, B. S. 

CHARLES E. LERCH, B. S. LORION MILLER, B. S. 

Graduates, of 1876. 

W. J. BLAIR, B. S. JNO. L. WORTHINGTON, B. S. 

T. H. THOMAS, B. S. 

Degrees Conferred in Course. 

Mr. R. SAUNDERS HENRY, A. M. 
Rev. OLIVER G. MILLER, A. M. 

Gramcates of 1877. 

GEORGE THOMAS, B. S. E. G. EMACK, B. S. 

SCOTT TRUXTUN, B. S. R. R. BEALL. 

Degrees Conferred, 

F. 0. NORWOOD, Frederick county, A. M. 

L. A. GRIFFITH, Anne Arundel county, A. M. 

HORACE M. DAVIS, Montgomery county, A. M. 



PART FIRST. 



a?iiK 






'I V-'- 





im. 






17 



jyffc ijfatiilniiil .^^ijdntltiti'itl ^oHctjij. 



The College is situated in Prince George County, in full 
view of College Station, Baltimore and Ohio Kailroad, nine 
milco north of AVashington and twenty eight south of Balti- 
more. Seventeen trains, seven from Washington and ten 
from Baltimore, stop at College Station daily. 

The farm contains 286 acres. 

The soil varies in quality and condition, thus affording good 
opportunity for experimcntG. • There are mc^adows artificially 
drained, dry bottom lands and rolling high-lands. Heavy 
oak timber is in abundance. A large running stream affords 
sufficient water power. The fjirm is traversed by the old 
Turnpike road between Washington and Baltimore. Its 
proximity to Washington secures for it an interest and influ- 
ence coextensive with the Kation and affords it many advan- 
tages in the Agricultural Department and in the Scientific 
Institutions and Libraries connected with the General Gov- 
ernment. 

The building is an imposing structure of brick, of Gothic 
Architecture, V20 feet long, 54 feet wide, (5 stories high, re- 
lieved by an east and south portico. The basement contains 
the Dining Room, Kitchen, Pantry, Wash Room and Bakery. 
On the first floor are the Laboratory, Museum, Chapel, Bath 
Room, Department of Languages ard Preparatory Depart- 
ment. On the second floor, the l'<j'lor, Yisi tors' Room, 
President's Room, Register's OOice, Commandant's Office, 
Officer of the Day's Room, English, Agricultural and Math- 
ematical Lecture Rooms, Society Hall and Library. The 
chambers are large, well ventilated, well heated and lighted 
throughout with gas. 

The fruit and flower gardens are varied, attractive and 
heautiful. A natural forest of oaks gives abundant shade- 
Mounds, terraces, gravel-walks, interspersed with evergreens, 
lowering bushes, shrubs, roses, geraniums and other floral 
adornments combine every requisite of a pleasant home. 
2 



18 



€>mm^ of f it0tnictlon. 



Tlie brandies of study are grouped under the following de- 
partments : 

1. Civil Engineering and Astronomy. 

2. English Literature, Mental Science, and History. 

3. Pure Mathematics. 

4. Physics and Applied Mathematics. 

6. Agriculture, Architecture and Drawing. • 

6. Chemistry and Natural History. 

7. Ancient and Modern Languages. 

Tlie Course of Study embraces the following subjects : 

AsTKONOMY. — Descriptive and Practical. 

Physical GEOGiiAriiY. — Maury and Guizot, with Maps. 

Civil Engineeking. — Draw-ing, Materials, Bridges, Pailroads, 
Tunnels, Canals, &c., &c., Punning Lines and Curves 
for Common Poads and Pailroads, Levelling, &c., &c. 
Explanation of Geodetical Surveys; practical work in 
Surveying and Plotting, &c.j &c. 

Lectukes. 

TEXT-BOOKS. 

Lockyer's Astronomy; Ilcrschers Outlines; Chauvenet's Practical As- 
tronomy; Loomis' Surveying; Gillespie's Surveying; Mahan's Civil En- 
gineering; Rankine's Civil Engineering. 



19 



DEpnrtment of i^no^^ ^itxdmt, Ivicnlal gcicnce aiut Ujistorn. 

Ungltsh.— The History, Usage, and Gramraatical Structure 
of the Englisli Language ; History of English Litera- 
ture; Ehetoric; Composition; Elocution. 

Hental Science.— Mental and Moral Science ; Logic ; His- 
tory of Philosophy. 

IjjgTOEY.— History of Greece, Rome, England, United States ; 
Outlines of History; History of European Civilization. 

L^^v.__eommentaries on Constitution of United States ; Con- 
stitution of Maryland. 

Lectuees. 

text-books. 

ENGLTsn.— Abbott & Scclcy's English Lcssoiis; Slm^Y's History of the 
English Language; Taine's Eiighsh Literature; Hart's Composition and 
Khetoric ; Marsh's Lectures upon the EugUsh Language. 

Mental Science.— Upham's :Mcntal Philosophy ; Seclcj's Sclnvcgler's 
History of Philosophy; Schuyler's Logic; Hamilton's Lectures; Haven's 
Moral Philosophy ; Butler's Analogy. 

HisTOiiY.— Freeman's General Sketch ; Hume's England ; Smith's Greece ; 
Liddcirs Rome ; Guizot's European Civilization. 

Law.— Story on the Constitution; Constitution of Maryland ; Political 
Economy. 



fe I <^ " 

-Algebra. — Eeduction and solution of Equations of the 
first and second degrees ; Proportions and Progressions ; 
nature and construction of Logaritlims ; and the theory 
of Equations. 

^EOMKTKY. — Plane and Solid. 



u 






20 ^ 

Tkigoxometry. — Analytical investigation of Trigonometrica !| 
ForniulaSj and their application to the solution of all tli 
eases of Plane and Spherical Trigonometry; the Con 
striiction and Use of Trigonometrical Tables. 

Application of Algebra and Tkigonometky. — Mensiifatioi 
of Planes and Solids. 



I! t 



Descriptive Geometry. — The graphic illustration and sc 
lution of problems in Solid Geometry ; Projections of th 
Sphere. 

Analytical Geometry. — Equations of the Right Line, Plane 
and Conic Sections ; principal problems relating to th 
Cylinder, Cone, Sphere and Spheroids. 

Lectures on Shades, Shadows and Perspective. 
Book-keeping. 

text-books. 

Loomis' Algebra ; Ray's Higher Alsrebra ; Todhunter's Algebra 
Schuyler's Geometry; Loomis' Geometry; Cliaiivenet's Geometry 
Loomis' Trigonometry aud Mensuration; Cliauvenct's Trigonometry; \ 
Churcli's Descriptive Geometry ; Loomis' Analytical Geometry ; Todhuiit \ 
er's Conic Sections. ,ij - 

Book-Keeping. — Hauaford and Pa3'son. ;• ,r 






The Differential and Integral Calculus. — The princ 
pies of the Differential Calculus, including Taylor' 
Theorem, application to Problems of Maxima and Mina 
ma, and tlie tracing of Curves; the methods of Integra 
lion, and the application of the Integral Calculus t< 
Areas, Surfaces and Yolumes, and to the finding of Ccn 
ires of Gravity and Moments of Inertia, and to the sini 
pier cases of Differential Equations. 



'■hi 



21 

i^fKCHANics.— Statics ; Djii amies. 

TlvDKQSTATics.— Mechanical Properties of Fluids; Specific 
Gravity, ifec, &c. - 

.\C0USTics.— The production and propagatioJi of Soun<?f; modes 
of Vibration, &c., &c. 

Qj,.pjcs.— Lenses, Vision and Optical Instruments; Spectrum 
Analysis ; Color, &c., <fec. 

Electricity and Magnetism.— Magnetism ; Voltaic Elec- 
tricity, &c., &c. 

2j^,^T.— Theories of Heat ; Sources of Heat ; Instruments 
used for the Measurement of* Heat; Therino-dynamics. 

TEXT-BOOKS. 

Loomis' Differential and Integral Calculus; Courtcny's Calculus; Buck- 
ingham's Calculus; Well's Natural PJiilosopliy ; Ganot's Natural Philoso- 
pl"y; Cambridge (England) Course of Elementary Natural Philosophy; 
TocUuinter's Mechanics for Beginners; Rankine's Applied ^STatliematics; 
Siiiitli's Hydrostatics; Bartlett's Acoustics and Optics; Jenkins' Elcc- 
trintv and'Maguctism ; jMuxwell's Theory of Heat ; Peck's Mechanics. 



9 

i?^cimhncnf of ^gricnlfiin, ^qhifecjiirc mid gnuviiis, 

Aguiculture.— General Agriculture ; Civil Engineering, ap- 
plied to Farm Eoads, Bridges, Embankments, Drainage, 
etc.; application of Chemistry to Agriculture; use of 
Implements; J3reeding and Care of Stock ; Dairy; Gar- 
dening; Fertilizers; Botany; Horticulture; Geology; 
Arboriculture ; Exercises on the Farm, &c., &c. 

WruRES on Veterinary ]\rcdicine and Surgery, and on the 
relations of Agriculture to Commerce, Manufactures, 
Labor, &c. 



22 

ARCHITECTURE. — Drawing; Materials, Masonry, Carpentry, 
Foundations, Orders, etc. 

Lkctujres. 

text-books. 

The Progressive Farmer, by J. A. Nasb ; Connection between Science 
and the Art of Practical Fanning, by J. P. Norton ; Chemical and Field 
Lectures, by James E. Leschemaker ; Farmers' Guide, by II. Stephens 
and Prof. Norton ; Farm and Fireside, by John L. Blake ; Allen's Ameri- 
can Farm Book ; How Crops Grow ; The Plough, the Loom and the An- 
vil, by J. S. Skinner & Sons ; Youatt and Martin on the Horse, Cattle, 
&a; Peter Henderson on Gardening for Profit; Architecture and Riglit 
Line Drawing, by Walter Smith. 



Chemistry. — Organic and Inorganic Chemistry; Qualita- 
tive and Quantitative Analysis; Detection and Separa- 
tion of the Elements ; Manufacture and application of 
Manures ; Manufacture and Application of Chemicals ; 
Blow Pipe ; Organic, Volumetric, Microscopic and Spec- 
troscopic Analysis; Chemistry applied to the Arts and 
Manufactures ; Agricultural Cliemistry ; Toxicology. 

Natural History and Science. — Zoology ; Mineralogy ; 
Physiology; Metallurgy; Photography; Telegraphy and 



Printing. 



TEXT-BOOKS. 



Chemistry. — Fownes,' Fresnius', Steele's. 
Agkicultukal Chemistry. — Johnston's. 
Zoology. — Nicholson's Text Book. 
MiNEnALOGY. — Dana's. 
Physiology. — Flint's. 

M KTALLUKG Y. — PcrCV 's. 

Telegkaphy. — Cullcy's. 
Si'ECTUuM Analysis. — Roscoe's. 
Miciioscoric Analysis. — Carpenter's. 
YoLUMETiUG Analysts. — Sutton's. 
Blow Pii-e Analysis. — Elderhorst's. 
Toxicology. — Taylor's. 



23 



Latin. — Grammar, Keader, Csesar, Ovid, Yirgil, Cicero, Hor- 
ace, Sallust, Livy, Tacitus. 

Fkencii — ^^Grammar, Reader, Classics, Colloquial Exercises. 

German. — Grammar, Header, Classics, Colloquial Exercises. 

TEXT-BOOKS. 

Fasquclle's Grammar ; De Fivas' Grammar ; Collott's Dramatic French 
Reader; Erkmann-Chatrain's Le Coiiscrit; Ollcndorf's German Course; 
Cffisar; Ovid; Cicero, <fcc., &c. 



The Course of Instruction extends over four years, aiid the 
course for each year is as follows : 

Fresliiiaiiifc Class. 

Scnoor. op Astiionomy, &c. — Physical Gcographj. 

School of English Litekatuke, ifcc. — Englisli Lessons; Composition; 

Rhetoric; Outlines of History ; Elocution; History of England, 
School op Mathematics. — Algebra; Geometry; Phmc Trigonometry; 

Mensuration ; Eook-Kecping. 
School of Physics, &c. — Elementary Natural Philosophy. 
School op Agkicultuiie. — Botany; How Crops Feed and How Crops 

Grow, and Gardening for Profit; Exercises on' the Farm. 
School of Chemistry. — Organic and Inorganic Chemistry; Zoology. 
School of Languages. — Latin, (optional,) French or German. 

Soplioiuorc Clnss. 

School op Asthonomy, &c.— Field Surveying. 

School op English, &c.— Rhetoric; Composition; Elocution ; History of 
Greece ; History of Rome. 

BcHOOL OP Mathematics. — Spherical Trigonometry; Descrii)tivc Geome- 
try; Analytical Geometry." 



24 

School of PnTsics. — Todhuntor's Mechanics for Beginners; Optics; 

Acoustics ; Hydrostatics ; Electricity and Magnetism. 

School of Agrtcultuke, t^c. — Geology; Exercises on the Farm ; Allen's 
Farm Book ; Stephen's Farmers' Guide. 

School of Chemistry, &c. — Qualitative Analysis; Detection and Sepa- 
ration of the Elements; Agricultural Chemistry; Manufacture and 
Application of Manures; Mineralogy. 

School or Languages. — Latin, (optional,) French or German. 



Junior Class. 

School op Astronomy, &c.— Practical Astronomy. 

School of English Litekaure, &c. — IMental Philosopliy; Ilistoiy of 
the English Language ; History of English Literature ; History of 
Civilization in Europe; Essays and Declamation. 

School ov Mathematics.— Shades, Shadows and Perspective. 

School of Physics, 6cc. — Differential and Integral Calculus. 

School of Agriculture, &c. — General Agriculture; Horticulture; Ar- 
boriculture ; Landscape Gardening ; Lectures on Yctorinary Anatomy ; 
Physiology and Surgery; Exercises on the Farm. 

School of Chemistky, &:c. — Qualitative and Quantitative Analysis; Or- 
ganic Analysis ; Blow Pipe Analysis; Manufacture and Application 
of Chemicals; Physiology; Metallurgy; Toxicology. 

School of Languages.— Latin, (optional,) French or German. 



Senior Class. 

School of Astronomy, &c. — Civil Engineering. 

School op English Literature, S:c. — History of Philosophy; Moral 
Pliilosophy ; Logic, Essays ; Original Declamation. 

School of Physics, ^c. — Rankine's Applied Mathematics. 

School of Agriculture, &c. — General Agriculture ; Civil Engineer- 
ing applied to Farm Roads, Bridges, &c., &c.; Architecture, Lectures 
on the relation of Agriculture to Commerce, Manufactures, ifcc; Ex- 
ercises on the Farm, 

Sci OOL OF Chemistry, &C. — Chemistry applied to the Arts and Manu- 
factures; Quantitative Analysis; Volumetric, ]\Iicro.'^copic and S]h'C- 
troscopic Analysis; Assays— Telegraphy ; Photography. 

School of Languages.— Latin, (optional,) French or German. 



25 



fcf. 



I. The Degree of Bachelor of Arts will he conferred upon 
those who graduate in all the Scliools. 

" II. The Degree of Bachelor of Science will be conferred 
upon those who graduate in the Schools of Astronomy and 
Civil Engineering, English Literature, Mathematics, Physics, 
Cliemistry, and Languages. 

I III. Any student who passes satisfactory examinations in 
the Schools of English, Mathematics, Agriculture, and Chem- 
istry, will be declared a Graduate in Agriculture. 

I IV. Those who take the Degree of ]^achclor of Arts or 
Bachelor of Science, and maintain for three years thereafter 
the character of a student, will be entitled to the Degree of 
Master of Arts or Master of Science. 



A semi-annual examination, in the presence of the Faculty, 
is held the last week of the first term. 

Monthly examinations at the blackboards are required in 
all the departments. 

The Annual Examination begins about June 15th, and 
ends June -25th, and is both written and oral. ^. 

No student; who fails to pass a satisfactory examination at 
the end of each term, is allowed to continue with his class. 



Tlie scale of marks for recitation and exercises ranges from 
4 to 0. A mark of 4 indicates thorouglmc^s ; 0, a total 
failure; the intermediate numbers indicate al)Soluto values. 



ii 



J I 



26 



A mark of 2.5 represents tlie niinimum of proficiency. 
Students whose final average for the term or year in any 
branch falls below that number, are liable to be turned back 
to the next class. 



At every annual examination, the Faculty will form a 
merit-roll of each class in the following manner : 

The Hnal average of each Student in each branch for which 
a coefiicient is assigned in the table of coefficients, shall be 
multiplied by such coefficient, and the sum of the products, 
after making the deduction ' for conduct, shall be the final* 
multiple for the year. 

Tlie names of the Students will be arranged according to 
the final multiple, the highest multiple being placed first on 
the list, and the others in their order; but no class number 
will be assigned to any found deficient. 

Monthly Reports, showing the progress and standing of 
Students, will be sent to parents. 

Attention is respectfully called to these reports. 



The Scholastic Year is divided into two terms. There will 
be but one regular vacation, beginning the last week of June, 
and closing about the middle of September. There will also 
be a short intermission at Christmas and Easter. 

The first term will open on the 20th of September, and 
close with the month of January. The second term will 
begin 1st of February, and end with the College year, the 
last of June. 

AVhen parents or guardians wish students to visit home, a 
letter to that efiect should be addressed to the President. 



M 



11 



27 



« 



PAYABLE IN ADVANCE. 

For Students from the St-.de of Maryland and District of Columbia: 

First Term. — Board, Lights, Washing, use of Furniture and 

Room Rent, $100 00 

Matriculation Fee, 5 00 

Total, $105 00 

Secokd Term. — Same as the first, less the Matriculation Fee. 

For KoJi- Residents of the State of Maryland and District of Columbia : 

First Term.— Board, Tuition, &c., f;125 00 

Matriculation Fee, 5 00 

Total, $130 00 

SECo^'D Term. — Same as first, less the MaLiculation Fee. 

Shideyiis from the State of Maryland and Dlsirict are re- 
ceived free of charge for tuition. — Tlicj arc allowed, also, 
the nsG of books ; but it is recoininended that they should 
purchase the same, if in their power. 

Day scholars will be charged two dollars a month for use 
of rooms, fuel, &c. 

Students having a constant f re in their rooms wiU Ic charged 
iioo dollars a raonth extra. 

Prepayment in every case will he required^ unless satisfac- 
tory arrangement be made with the President of the Faculty 
for settlement l)y note at sliort date. 

JS^o deduction will be made for absence, except in case of 
protracted illness; nor will money be refunded in case a stu- 
dent be withdrawn or dismissed during the term, unless at 
tlie discretion of the President. 

Special damages are assessed on those wl^ unnecessarily 
injui'c or destroy College property. 



I 



28 

?tliufovm atui ttlm CfJIotlumj- 

As the students are required to wear a prescribed uniform 
habitually, it is only necessary to bring a full supply of under- 
cloihiiig. Arrangements are made with a competent Tailor 
who supplies the uniforms at the lowest prices. The cost of 
uniform, with cap complete, is ?25. Each Student will re- 
quire two suits for the year. 

Students must hring a supply of towels^ naj)hms, hed-linen 
and white Berlin gloves ; all articles of clothing must be 
marked. 



|>rii«ijsiiff]S! for |i(lmiiS'5ion, &c. 

Students will be received, examined and assigned to their 
proper classes at any point in the College course; but no 
Student who cannot pass a good examination in Heading, 
AVriting, Arithmetic, Grammar, Geography, and History of 
the United States, will be allowed to begin the course. All 
not so qualified will be entered in the Preparatory Depart- 
ment. A room having been fitted up for this purpose, special 
instruction will be given all those who wish to prepare for 
the Freshman Class. Nine applicants were enrolled at the 
beginning of the year. The progress made warrants the be- 
lief that all these candidates will successfully pass the neces- 
cessary examinations in September next. 

Applications for admission, or for further information, should 
be addressed to the President of the Maryland Agricultural 
College, College Station, Prince George County, Maryland. 



i;m ^virjad^ 



The Fire Brigade Includes in its organization every person 
connected with the College and Farm. Students, at the fire- 



II! 



1 

ti 



, i 



' ; 



29 

• T 

alarm, proceed to such st.ations as are designated in the fire- 
bill. Exercises in fire-drill will take place at such time as 
the President may direct. 



giiSircu^sary. 



The Professor in charge of the Dispensary will visit, report 
and attend all cadets unfit for duty by sickness. 



Udhjiou]^ c^rnucc^ 



Daily morning prayers and Divine Service, on Sunday, are 
regularly held in the Chapel. Students are required to attend 
unless a written request to the contrary be made. Students 
shall observe the Lord's day with decorum. 



r 

! 
I 



X 

Tlie following laws will strictly be enforced by the ofliccr- 
in-charge. 

1. Students shall not go beyond the limits of the Farm ; 
use fire-arms; sit up after taj)3; use the So\ith I\^rtico ; liold 
any general meeting; loiter in the halls; visit the dining 
room or kitchen, without permission from the President. 

2. Profane language, card playing, gambling, intoxication, 
or any of their attendant vices, will not bo tolerated by the 
Faculty. Any Student known to indulge in habits injurious 
to the morals of the Collei'e, or calculated to destrov its 
established order, shall be immediately dismissed. 



30 

m 

3. Destruction of property, disorderly conduct, in the halls, 
on the grounds, on furlough, or any other violation of the 
puhlished orders of the President, or officer-in-charge, will be 
punished by tasks, demerits, guard duties, and such other 
punishments as the Faculty may decide. 

4. Members of the Faculty and all officers-in-charge are 
required to report any violations of these regulations. 

5. Upon Matriculation, each Student will be furnished with 
a copy of these and other regulations, and will be expected to 
obey them. ■ 




PART SECOND. 



^e|)oft^ of J^kdtilty. 



h 



33 




Maryland Agr. College, 

June 6tli, 1877. 
2'o the Board of Trustees : 

Gentlemen : In accord ti nee ^vith tlie Bj-Laws of this Tn- 
stltntion, I have the honor to submit the following Eepoit: 

During the past yen.r the number of students registered on 
onr books is 81. Every department is in good working order, 
and the discipline of the school is excellent. 

In order that the condition of the several departments may 
be more fully shown, I have requested their Heads to submit 
Bcparate reports. It is, therefore, unnecessary for me to dwell 
longer upon this point, except to call your attention to the 
Y'ant of proper appliances, such as Astronomical Instruments, 
Philosophical Apparatus, ^laps, &c., which, so far, we have 
been unable to supply, and which is among the many disad- 
vantages we have labored under since I assumed charge of 
this College. ' 

The Registrar will lay before yon a report showing the 
condition of the finances, from which you will see that the 
College is now entirely out of debt, (having in two terms paid 
an old debt, of $13,27-1. S3,) and with a balance in our favor. 

Although this balance is not as large as I had anticipated, 
Jet when we consider the depressed financial condition of the 
country during the past two years, we Iiave, I think, every 
reason to feel satisfied. Moreover, it is but fjilr to take into 
Consideration the fact that we have 21 acres of wheat, 15 
ftcrcB of oats, 26 acres of corn, and 12 acres in garden stuff, 
^\ highly fertilized and all paid for. 

Ihe College and furniture are in good repair, and can be 
Kitten ready for the rceeption of students next session at 
^■'nall expense. The financial credit of the College is, at 
^^'^^t, re-established. 
3 



84 

With this fact in view, one would enppose that the farmers 
of this State would feel an increased interest in the College 
and a desire to assist in its advancement; yet, if the couutj 
papers indicate the sentiment of the State, it is far otherwise. 

Although the debt has been paid, and a large amount of 
money expended on the farm, we find a disposition, constantly, 
to undcriate this College. 

The Faculty, using every energy of mind and body to re- 
establish the College, and exhibiting great self-denial ,by 
serving for almost nominal salaries, find that instead of receiv- 
ing a helping hand from the community, constant attempts 
are made to " pull down " as fast as they " build up." 

The avowed cause for this opposition is : first, that agri- 
culture is not taught ; secondly, that students are received for 
"West Point and Annapolis; thirdly, that it is a Military 
School. 

During the two years I have had the honor to serve you as 
President of the Faculty, I have not replied to these attacks. 
Having devoted myself to the task of first clearing the Col- 
lege of debt, while improving every department in it, I have 
felt that my proper course was to remain at my post; at the 
same time,I confess that I have hoped that as time wore on, and 
all who knew anything of the College must see its improve- 
ment in every respect, that these unjust attacks would cease. 

'. The time has now come when, in justice to myself and the 
gentlemen assisting me, it is proper that I should lay before 
you a few facis^ in order that there may be no further misap- 
prehension, and in the belief that they will commend them- 
selves to all fair-minded men. 

First: It is said that Agriculture Is not taught ; tha£" expe- 
riments are not made, &c., &c. 

At the last meeting of the stockholders, Mr. Howard 
McHenry offered the following resolution : " That the Board 
of Trustees be requested to make instruction in practical and 
experimental agriculture the leading feature in the educational 
system at the earliest possible moment." 






35 

As this resolution was presented at the close oi the nieetin 
po opportunity was offered for a rei>ly ; but I do not concede 
the point that I have not endeavored to make experimental 
and practical agriculture the leading feature here during my 
administration. 

Before going further, hov'ever, I wish to say how niueh 
gratified I was to see that such noted agriculturists as Hon. 
A. B. Davis, Mr. Howard McHenry and Mr. Wm. B. Sands 
voted to sustain the present Board of Trustees, and, to that 
extent, my administration ; and I beg leave to call your 
attention to the generous remarks made by Hon. A. Bowie 
Davis on that occasion. 

In my first report to the Board of Trustees, September 8, 
1875, 1 say : "As agriculture is to be the principal department 
and the specialty of the College, great pains will be taken to 
interest all the students in it. To this end there will be daily 
recitations in some one of its branches, and public lectures 
once or twice a month by distinguished non-resident lecturers. 
Moreover, the Professor of Agriculture (liimGclf a practical 
farmer) will be expected to make his pupils familiar with all 
the workings of a farm by taking them into the field daily ; 
they are to witness all the experiments made; learn the man- 
agement of a dairy, care of cattle, construction and use of 
agricultural implements and how to repair them, plant 
crops, &c., and generally, carry on the farming business 
intelligently." 

" Students will be encouraged to worh^'' 

" I shall hope to have the advice of individual members of 
the Board of Trustees at all times, ] nrticularly on the subject 
of agriculture." 

Report December 8, 1875. — "While all the classes arc 
studying branches relating to agriculture, such as Botany, 
Chemistry, <fec., there is also a special one in practical agri- 
culture, consisting of all the members of the Senior and So- 
phomore classes, and one from the Freshman. 

The members of this class are taken over the farm, and 
practically instructed in the care of Bheop and cattle, makin 



o 



36 

roads and bridges, embankments, draining lands, &c , and 
the winter care of a farm. 

They liave been sent to tlie Agricultural Department in 
Washington, under their Instructor, and it is intended to 
•send them in as often as the Professor finds neccssarj to illus- 
trate his lectures. 

Lectures on subjects relating to agriculture have been deliv- 
ered bj Professors Tonry and Uhler, and will be continued 
monthly throughout the session. 

AVhen the spring opens and farming operations commence, 
all classes will be taken into the field, and practical labor 
encouraged. 

The work done in the fall, such as threshing out grain with 
a machine, putting in wheat, &c , was witnessed by the entire 
School, and the manner of putting in the grain and the use 
of the drill fully explained to all. 

I do not propose putting in large crops of grain for the 
present. It seems to me that we should make our farm an 
exjpe'riraenial one now ; eventually, it will be a model one, I 
hope." 

- Eeport Septeml'Cr 19th, 1876. — " I have to request tliat 
the Board of Trustees will appoint a permanent Committee 
on Agriculture, that I may have the advice and assistance of 
the gentlem<3n composing it in carrying on tlM3 farm." 

Peport December Gth, 187G. — " The Faculty agree with me 
as to the importance of making agriculture the leading fea- 
ture of the College." 

"All students without exception are required to attend Ino 
lectures on this subject." 

The report of the Professor of Agriculture will show how 
far he has succeeded in carrying out the above views. You 
wmII see that, at least, some experiments hare been made, and 
that our students have planted corn, helped in the farm-yard 
and garden, and ploughed the land ; and, at the same time, 
have mnde daily recitations in theoretical agriculture. 

In relation to the number of hours we can reasonably de- 
vote to manual labor on the farm, permit me to quote the 



37 

following extract from the catalogue of the McDonogli Insti- 
tute, January, 1S77: 

"During the session of the school, which extends over ten 
months of the year, the out-door work required of the boys 
is little, and is not allowed to interfere with school duties — 
the conviction being entertained that it would be unwise to 
require any considerable amount of manual labor of boys 
while their energies are fully occupied with study. The re- 
sult of such a requirement would be to cripple the efficiency 
of the school without securing any compensating advantage." 

I do no£ intend to say that we have accomplished as much 
as we desire in agrienltnre; on the contrary, I speak for the 
Faculty when I say that we intend to im2'>rove every depart- 
ment of this Collcire until we have attained the ]n*£]jhest 
standard. 

Our curriculum in theoretical agriculture cannot, I believe, 
be improved upon. 

In the thickly popuLited parts of Europe, such as Belgium, 
\vlicre the land has been under cultivation for centuries, arti- 
ficial means must be coiistantly used to renew it; consequently, 
wo find there a cultivated and scientiiic corps of instructors 
in agriculture ; but in this country, the chair is confessedly 
a most difficult one to fill, and the gentleman filling it 
will labor under many disadvantages, and be tly3 subject 
of constant criticism. 

My experience is, and I know It to be the experience of 
every President of an Agricultural College in the country, 
that the fault is not tO much that Agricultural Colleges arc 
Jiot prepared to do all thftt is required of them, as that so 
f*ew parents desire'to make their sons farmers ; certain it is-, 
tliat a resolution to receive 07\hj those intending to be- 
come farmers Ayould C-Ose every Agricultural College in the 
country. 

A recent writer say? in this connection: "The Scientific 
^ehool has been grafivd on to the College; there are depart- 
luents for instruction in mechanics ; departments and schools 
^C)i' instruction in airrieiilture. Yet the fact must be noted 



/ 

/ 



/ 



.38 

that nearly all these special schools have been more or less 
unsatisfactory; not because their aim was not good, but be- 
cause not enough was accomplished. The Agricultural 
Schools, when separated from other departments, languish ; 
and there is not a flourishing school of mechanics separated 
from other departments in the whole country. 

The truth is that when you give the great body of students 
their choice of educational facilities, they will accept those 
of the widest scope. If you give a boy a good English edu- 
cation, he has been working in the right direction for a farmer, 
mechanic, or a merchant." ^ 

My observation is that few boys have any very decided 
bent : their future professions or trades being more the matter 
of accident than design ; but, I believe that boys attending an 
Agricultural School for a term of years, where every thing 
about the farm is kept in perfect order ; where the best stock 
is always before their eyes, and where experiments are con- 
stantly going on, are apt to acquire a taste for a farnier'6 
life — and, this is one of the things an Agricultural College 
can accomplish. 

As to the importance of using every means to cultivate this 
taste, there is no question. Thomas Jefferson called the 
attention of the country to it seventy years ago, and the 
need is much more pressing now than then. 

This College receives from the State a donation of S6000, 
and from interest on U. S. land scrip, $7288.44; making a 
yearly revenue of §13,288.4:4, and educates all hoys from the 
State free of ixdtion ! 

The Massachusetts Agricultural College has a yearly reve- 
nue of $25,078.66 and asks for a further appropriation of 
$5000 ; the President occupies the chair of Botany and Hor- 
ticulture, and the Professors receive a salary of $2250.00. 

The Ohio Agricultural College has a revenue of $40,588.88 
— the President occupies the chair of Geology, and the Pro- 
fessors receives $2500.00. 

The Kansas Agricultural College has a revenue of $25,252.50 
— the President occupies the chair of Political Economy. 



39 

The Pennsylvania Agricultural College lias a revenue oi 
$30,000.00 — the President occupies the chair of Mental and 
Moral Science, and the Professors receive $2000.00. 

The Iowa Agricultural College has a revenue of $77,118.13 
—the President occupies the chair of Political Economy and 
Psychology, and the Professors receive $2000.00. 

The McDonogh Institute Trust Fund is $824,029.74:. 

An inspection of the catalogues of most of the Agricultu- 
ral Colleges ehov/s that they frequently receive donations of 
Stock, Agricultural Implements and Books. The late Dr. 
Mercer bequeathed $1000 to this College. With this excep- 
tion, and some donations of improved stock, it has never 
received anything from private sources, so far as I have been 
able to learn. Donations of Stock and Agricultural Imple- 
ments would be particularly acceptable, and we will be glad, 
to try the latter and report upon them. 

Secondly. It is complained that students are received hero 
and prepared for West Point and Annaj)olis. 

We have nine boys preparing for the Annapolis examina- 
tion ; none, at present, for West Point, but have had one. In 
relation to these students, I can only repeat what I have 
before said : they are taught nothing nautical, but are entered 
in the Freshman Class and pursue the branches of that Class, 
viz: English Grammar, Geography, Arithmetic, Algebra, 
Geometry and Natural Philosophy ; and all attend the lec- 
tures on Agriculture. Most of them come from other States ; 
and, having no claim upon this State to receive their tuition 
^ree^ are charged $25 per month, extra. These extra fees 
have paid the Professors' salaries, and enabled me to devoto 
the State' donation to the payment of the old debt. Yet 
Bome of the papers persist in saying th-at we are using the 
money of the State to educate boys for the Army and Navy 1^ 

No College in the country could, or would refuse to receive 
these students. 

Thirdly. It is complained that this is a military school. 
By our charter we are Tequired to teach military tactics. 
The advantages of military discipline are bo apparent that 



40 

i 

tlie best schools in tlie country are udopting it. Its good 
effects have been very apparent liere. It affords a healthful 
exercise, and creates an €sj}rii de corps. 
j Our students are drilled 40 minutes daily, except Saturdays 
: and Sundays, between 12 and 1 p. m. in winter, and between 
I 6 and 7 p. m. in summer. Military duties here have become 
. almost entirely voluntary. 

As to the charge that it interferes with their other studies, 
I can only say that if we were to abandon it now, the hours 
for recitation and study would remain unchanged; in point 
of fact, they are precisely the same now as when there were 
no military exercises here, whatever. 

In my report of March 8, 1876, referring to the impor- 
tance of having a well-defined plan for the development of 
the Agricultural Department of tlie College, I say : " Speak- 
ing generally, I should say that we should keep the following 
objects in view : I 

1st. To pay off the debt. 
2nd. To put the College and farm in complete order and 

repair. 
8rd. To dispose of the present stock and replace it with 

thorough-breds only. ^ 
4th. To lay off a part of the farm for experiments. 
5th. To put up a work-shop and printing-press. 
6th. To establish a nursery and greenhouse." 

I leave it to you, gentlemen, to say how far I liave been 
successful in my attempt. You v\'cll know that wiiat has 
teen accomplished has been under the most adverse and dis- 
courafxinc; circumstances. 

My attention was called, over a year ago, to the importance 
of having an experimental station established here, and in 
the May number of the American Farmer, two admirable ar- 
ticles appear on the subject.. 

Last March I read an editorial in the "Massachusetts 
Plouglnnan," which is so applicable to tlic condition of af- 
fairs in this state, and is so much better expressed than I 
can do it myself, that I am induced to quote it here — al- 



41 

ways begging you to bear in mind the fact, tliat the Massa- 
chusetts Agricultural College has a vastly larger revenue 
than ours, and is much better equipped in every respect.* 

ExPERiMKNTAL STATIONS. — "VVo havc already alluded to tho 
annual report of the trustees of the Massachusetts Agricul- 
tural College. On the subject of experiments on the College 
Farm, they say the great want of Massachusetts Agriculture 
is a series of accurate, careful and scientific experiments, ex- 
tending over a sufficient period o€ time to determine posi- 
tively and authoritatively the vast number of questions that 
are constantly coming up in the experience of every farmer 
and every gardener who cultivates the soil. There is a vague 
notion among the people that this is the work of the Agri- 
cultural College, and that it is the peculiar duty of that 
institution to arrange and carry on a broad system of inves- 
tigation and experiment, as if it had no other work to do, 
and with -all the appliances which an adequate plan of ex- 
.periment implies. 

The College has never refused, nor is it at all inclined to 
refuse, to meet the wants of the farming community in this 
direction. It should be borne in mind, however, that exper- 
iments to be of any value, require not only great time and 
ability, but a liberal expenditure of money, and that the 
Trustees have absolutely no money at their disposal for this 
purpose. 

Could the College Farm, or a portion of it, be recognized 
and established as an Experimental Station, and provided 
with the requisite means, it would go far to meet the great 
and growing public want, and do more real good for the 
agriculture of the present and the future of the Common- 
wealth than any other agency. Experiment stations are 
recognized as a necessity, and sustained as such by the most 
enlightened governments in the world. A very large part 
of the progress and development of German agriculture du- 
ring the last quarter of a century is due directly to the liberal 



*^NoTE. — Tlic Mas^^ncluipotts Legislatiiif lias just p:i.-sctl a bill giYiu<j tho 
College §2000 a year, " to p:iy for tlic inaiuiul hilx>r of the stiklouts." 



42 

support of experiment stations. They form a conspicuous 
feature of the comprehensive system adopted by the govern- 
ment for the development of the agricultural resources of the 
empire. The results have abundantly justified their organ- 
ization, and placed the farming of Europe in the front rank 
among the industries of all civilized nations. 

In 1851, fully a quarter of a century ago, the first experi- 
ment station was founded at Maeckern, in Saxony, and it soon 
proved to be so useful, and secured the confidence of the 
common people to such an extent, that the idea soon spread 
through Germany and into other countries, till, in 1868, there 
were no less than 28 stations in full and successful operation, 
and now the number is increased to 62, sustained largely by 
governments, but with the co operation of individuals and 
agricultural societies. They have proved themselves of im- 
mense service and are rapidly increasing in number and effi- 
ciency, while at the same time the agricultural colleges and 
Bchools are more numerous and better sustained than they 
are in this country. 

But an experiment station costs money. The Trustees of 
the Agricultural College have not the means to organize it 
without the aid of the Legislature. The French government, 
always studious of the interests of the people and its own 
financial strength, sent a thoroughly competent man, M. 
Grandeau, to visit and study the experimental stations of 
Germany, and he reported to the French Minister of Agri- 
culture that a useful station could be started for $6000, and 
that it would cost about $3000 a year to maintain it. The 
expenses of the Prussian stations vary from 5S00 to $4000 a 
year, according to the completeness with which they are 
organized and equipped, and the number of scientific men 
employed. They would cost more in this country, but the 
cost will depend very much upon the amount and kind of 
work required of them. 

The work of an experiment station requires not only land 
Bufficient for field operations, but, especially, chemical and 
physiological laboratories. All these appliances are at hand 



43 

at the Agricultural College, and it would involve little addi- 
tional outlay on the part of the State or the College to organ- 
ize a station on the most thorough basis. The quantity of land 
required for experimental purposes is not large. A portion of 
the College Farm could be set apart for these objects without 
material detriment to the interests of the institution, while 
the laboratories would furnish immediate facilities for scien- 
tific investigation. 

Every farmer recognizes the fact that most field experi- 
ments, to be of any great, general and permanent value, 
require to be carried on through a series of years and that 
they require great expense. But that they* pay, and pay 
abundantly, for the outlay, is now universally recognized by 
farmers throughout Germany, who contribute largely and 
cheerfully for their support in the form of small fees for an- 
alysis. It may be stated, also, that the work of the German 
stations has become thoroughly systematized by the division 
of labor, each one taking some special line of investigation 
and leaving other specialties to other stations. The station 
mentioned as having been first founded at Majckern, for in- 
stance, now confines itself chiefly to studies and experiments 
in the nutrition of animals, and some of the stables on the 
farm are set apart for the cattle required. Other stations are 
confined specially to experiments in fertilizers and the nutri- 
tion of plants, to animal and vegetable chemistry and physi- 
ology. Agricultural research, the discovery of new truth 
and the test of older theories, is the work of them all, to be 
sure, but the field is so vast that experience has dictated the 
economy of division of labor, and so it may be argued that 
we need numerous stations in various parts of the Common- 
\Tealth, and it is true, but we shall never have a system of 
Ruch invaluable institutions unless we make a beginning in 
the establishment of one, and true economy would dictate its 
location in connection with the Agricultural College, where 
the requisite scientific appliances are already at hand. 

Now the practical point is that such a Labor Fund as we 
have suggested would serve a most adia'rable purpose in car- 



rjing out this very object. The income of such a fund could 
be directed to the payment of the labor and time of students 
who would be capable, under competent scientific diiection, 
of conducting experiments in a satisfactory manner, while, 
at the same time, their work would be educational in its 
character, and of invaluable service to the agricultural com- 
inianity. The time cannot be far distant ^vhen the system of 
agricultural experiment stations, which has been found bo 
valuable and so serviceable in Europe, will be recognized and 
adopted here. When it does come it will do more than any- 
thing else to promote the rapid development of the resources 
of the Commonwealth." 

Kext year, I propose to lay off ten acres for experimental 
purposes. This land will be altogether cultivated by the stu- 
dents. \Ye will have weekly lectures on agriculture, and 
daily recitations and field work. Every inducement will be 
offered to young men of the State who wish to pay a portion 
of their expenses by working oh the farm. Some have already 
availed themselves of this privilege. We also hope to put up 
Bome new buildings for our farm hands, and, if possible, will 
have the work done by the students alone. 

Photography and Telegraphy will be taught, and, if per- 
mission can be obtained, we will establish a connection between 
the Col e e nd one of the telegraph lines. 

To the end that I may more fully carry out Mr. McHenry's 
resolution and your w ishes, I recommend that Mr. C. J. Ship- 
ley, of Baltimore county, be appointed Farm Superintendent 
and assistant instructor in practical agriculture. 

At the last meeting of the stockholders, an attempt was 
made to contrast the salaries of the chairs of mathematics 
and agriculture. Although I failed to see the point of the 
argument, 1 am reminded by it to call your attention to the 
fact that the chair of mathematics has been vacant since last 
June. I 

As the duties are performed by the Professors of Civil 
Engineering and Physics, with the aid of an assistant profes- 
sor, I recommend that it be not filled for the present. 



/ 

/ 



/ 



45 

Our Commencement Exercises will be as follows: 

Sunday, June 24tli. Baccalaureate Sermon bj Ht Rev'd 
Bishop Pinkney. 

Monday, June 25tli. An address before the Mercer Liter- 
ary Society by S. T. McCullough, of Annapolis. 

Tuesday, June 2Gth. Commencement Day. 

1. Addresses by the graduating class, four in 

number. 
5. Delivery of Diplomas and Conferring Degrees 

by His Excellency, Gov. Carroll. 
8. Oration by lion. A. B. Ilagner, of Maryland. 

The Faculty propose to confer the degree of B. S. upon 
Messrs. George Thomas, Scott Truxtun and E. G. Emack, of 
the graduating class; and the degree of A. M. upon Messrs. 
F. C. Norwood, of Frederick county ; L. A. Griffith, of Anne 
Arundel county, and Horace M. Davis, of Montgomery county, 
• — they having sent testimonials to the effect that they have 
maintained the character of students since graduating. 

In conclusion, I beg to thank the Faculty for their zealous 
co-operation ; and you, gentlemen of the Board of Trustees 
for your kind support; and in the hope that confidence may 
be restored between the farmers of the State and the Agri- 
cultural College, I am, 

Kespectfully, your obedient servant, • 

WM. H. PARKER, FrcsidcnL 



46 



-i 



^tnitmtnt 



Showing thb Financial Condition of the College to 

1st June, 1877. 



Dr. 



voLU. era. 



Amount due by College to 

June 1, 1877 10,122 36 

Balance, after paying 
debts 2146 71 



$12,209 07 



Cr. 



BOLLS. CTff. 



State appropriation 6000 00 

Interest due July 1, 1877. 3601 94 

*Amount due from stu- 
dents prior to 1876 and 
1877 1453 86 

Amount due by students 
during session 1870 and 
1877 963 27 

Amount on hand May 25, 
1877 250 00 



$12,269 07 



THOMAS M. JONES, Jic^'iUr. 

*NoTi:. — Of this sum it is probable that $1104.69 will never be collect'id. 

THOMAS M. JONES, Register, 



ApproTed. 

TTm. H. Parker, Prcsidcni. 



47 



Maryland Aqb. College, 

June 6th, 1877. 
To tkfi Board of Trustees : 

Gentlemen : In my department, the Senior and Sophomore 
Classes have finished Lockyer's Descriptive Astronomy and 
have had a course of lectures on Practical Astronomy ; they 
have also surveyed the farm. 

Professor Nelson has assisted in this department and ha3 
carried the senior class through a course of Civil Engineering. 

We want some of the simpler astronomical instruments, 
such as a telescope, sextant, portable transit instrument, &c., 
but 1 do not propose to purchase them until we can put up 
a small observatory — this I hope to do in the course of a year. 

We have a surveyor's compass, chaiu, theodolite, &c., but 
want a level, the cost of which will be 800. 

There being no Professor of Mathematics, the duties have 
been performed by Professor Kelson and myself, aided by 
Assistant Professor Snyder. 

The different classes have been carried through the course 
prescribed in the catalogue. 

In explanation of the following reports, I will say that we 
have no Junior Class this year. 

Bespcctfully, 

WM. H. PAKKER, 

JPrqfessor Civil Engineering and Astronomy, 



\ 
\ 



ts 



/ 



« 

Department of Agriculture^ 

Maryland Agr. College, 

June 6th, 1S77. 
President Parlcer : ' 

Sir: 1 have the honor, in accordance with jonr directions, 
to offer the foll'owing report, showing what has been done in 
my department during the present session. 

I have been teacliiiig the various classes all the studies set 
forth in the catalogue of last year, as follows : The Progress- 
ive Fanner, IJow Crops Grow, How Crops Feed, Allen's 
Book of the Farm and Pendleton's Scientific AoTiciilture. 

Tliese books contain a full account of all the main subjects 
of both scientilic and practical agriculture, such as drainage, 
practical tests for guanos, manufacture of super phosphates at 
home, economy in the making of manures, economy of labor, 
rotation of crops, etc. 

The course pursued through the year has been as follows: 

The preparatory class in Botany has occupied one hour a 
day, alternating with Agricultural Chemistry, and lectures 
accompanying and explaining fho same ; the Second Section 
Freshman Class has studied How Crops Feed, How Crops 
Grow, Gardening for Profit and practical application of the 
same, and Allen's Book of the Farm, through classification 
of soils, one hour per day, alternating with Scientific Agri- 
culture and lectures explanatory of all subjects taught. 

First Section Freshman has finished Allen's Book of the 
Farm, and commenced Stephen's Farmers' Guide and pur- 
sued it as far as the treatment of stock. Farm and Fireside, 
by Blake, has been used as a text book one hour per day, 
alternating with Preparatory Botany. 



49 

n Tlie Senior Class has finished Pendleton's Scientillc Afrri- 
culture, Mahan's Engineering as applied to roads and bridges, 
embankments, and drainage. I have used' Chemical and 
Field Lectures, bj J. E. Leschemaker, and have also discussed 
the Humus Theory, in the section room. Actual exercise on 
the Farm, and in the Garden, has been resorted to as often as 
possible, especially in the care of stock at the time of par- ; 
turition. Besides lectures in my section room, we have hud: 
a regular course of piiblic lectures by non-residents, all promi- 
nent Agriculturalistsof the State, such as Mr. Henry Hallow- 
well, Col. Curtis, Col. W. \V. W. Bowie, Commodore Ammcn, 
and Prof. J. D. AVarfield. 

The crop of corn raised on 32 acres was 200 barrels. The 
crop of hay was 30 tons; oats, 300 bushels; pork, salted down, 
2500 pounds. We raised an ample supply of summer vege- 
tables, and some winter ones; but my crop of late Irish 
potatoes was a complete ftiilure on account of the drought. • 
I have seeded 21 acres in wheat, experimenting with three 
standard fertili;^ers procured from E. B. Whitman, Baltimore, 
namely : British Mixture, Phosphate of Lime and Bone Dust. 
The wheat was drilled in, seeded with timothy and clover, ' 
and rolled down in the spring. The result will be reported - 
after harvest. The present prospect for a good crop is very 
promising. There are 15 acres seeded in oats and clover, fer- 
tilized with phosphate of lime, in fine condition. This year's 
corn crop of 2(5 acres is top-dressed with 1000 bushels of 
shell lime, and fertilized in the hill, onb-third with Ammoni-, 
ated Dissolved Bone, from John Merryman & Co.; one-third, . 
Amrnoniated Superphosphate, from Maryland Manufacturing 
Company, and the other third with Bone Compound, from.. 
Mr. Moore, C4eorgetown, D. C. 

'I have planted 12 barrels of Irish potatoes on land thor- 
oughly prepared, top-dressed with stable manure, and fertilized ; 
in drill, with Whitman's Special Potato Fertilizer. The ■ 
garden gives every promise of a liberal supply of vegetables. ^ 
Tlie fruit crop promises to be good. I planted on | acre of 
poor land, manured .broa^lcast \yitli stable manure, 3 quartti.;. 
4 



/ 



50 

of yellow corn received from the Agriculturiil Department, 
Washington, and the yield was 3^ barrels of such excellent 
grain that I selected 3 bushels for this year's planting. I 
have also experimented with the following seeds received from 
the Agricultural Department, all heavily manured and well 
put in, namely : a very excellent quality of oats, barley, man- 
gold wurtzel, sugar beet and corn. The result will be re- 
ported. 

We have a small herd of 13 cattle; a number of them 
should be disposed of and replaced by better, as, in my opinion, 
we should keep none but the best stock on this farm. We 
have a small flock of full blooded Cots wold sheep, (3 ewes and 
1 buck,) that have yielded us 3 lambs. The yield of wool from 
these sheep was llj pounds per head, last year, and 11 
pounds the present season. I am sorry to say a very fine 
buck was killed by dogs last yciir. The hogs are of a good 
breed, (a cross of Chester and Berkshire,) and are doing well. 
There are 4 sows, 1 boar, 14 shoats, and 6 pigs, giving a good 
prospect of pork for the coming year. 

We have 4 -mules and 2 carriage horses, which will be en- 
tirely inadequate for the labor of this establishment when w^e 
commence, regularly, with the Experimental Department. 

The Department of Agriculture is meagrely supplied with im- 
plements. Those absolutely necessary are ^ mower and reaper, 
a steamer for cooking feed, cattle and hay scales, and a com- 
plete outfit in harness. Ten acres have been surveyed and laid 
off for an experimental field. This has not been done before be- 
cause of the crippled condition' of the finances. In this field, I 
propose, esj^ccially, to exercise the students, performing most 
of the work by them, w^hich, together with the course of study 
set down in the catalogue, I recommend for the next year's 
course in my department. This duty, with the care of the 
Garden, Fruit, Flowers, instruction in the section room, in- 
struction in the care of stock, and a supervisory care of the 
remaining duties of the Farm, is all that the Professor ot 
Agriculture can possibly attend to, to do himself jind his stu- 
dents justice. Therefore, I especially request that the Farm 



51 

Manager, recommended by the President, and appixDved hy 
the Board of Trustees at their last meeting, be a man of con- 
siderable intelligence, reliability and practical experience, as 
much responsibility inust necessarily i-est on him. We wish 
to approximate as far as our finances will admit, to the Su- 
perintendent of the Fann at the Massachusetts Agricultural 
College, that being a type of a successful Ck)llege in this 
branch of education. 

We have, as far as possible, encouraged work on the farm 
by students. Tliey planted, replanted and thinned last year's 
crop of corn, and have planted the present crop. I recom- 
mend that work alternate with recitations, and that all labor, 
not compulsory, be remunerated at a fixed price per hour, as 
ofTerinjc eucouras-ement to labor. 

We have had one student this session who paid a part of 
liis fees in labor, I highly approve of the reception of such 
students, as they take great inteix3st in agriculture, and it 
opens the field for a man to acquire an education by his owii 
exertions. 

Considering the means in my hands, I have accomplished 
more than I first expected. If the intelligent farmers of 
Maryland will visit the College, and examine for themselves, 
suggesting any improvements their experience may indicate, 
they will confer a great benefit upon the agricultural interests 
of the State, whicli tliis College is destined to represent. We 
heartily thank the honorable members of the Grange and 
othei-s who have so visited us. 

I am, sir, very respectfully, your obedient servant, 

THOMAS M. JONES, 

Frqfessor oj Agriculture, 



625 






Maryland A or. College, 

Department of Physics and Applied Mathematics. 

JnneGth, 1877. / 

President Parker: 

Sir : Durincr the scholastic year beginning 20th September, 
1876, and ending the 23th June, 1877, 1 liave had under my 
instruction the Senior and Sophomore Classes in Physics; 
the Senior and Sophomore Classes in pure Mathematics ; the 
Senior Class in Civil Engineering, and a part of the Fresh- 
man Class in Physics. 

^ The Senior and Sophomore Classes, after finishing the study 
of a descriptive book in Natural Philosophy, embracing the 
principles of Hydrostatics, Hydrodynamics, Acoustics, Optics, 
and Electricity, took up the study of Applied Mathematics. 
In this study they have made use of such text-books as have 
received the sanction of the best mathematicians and teachers, 
a\id I am glad to say the subject has met with marked appre- 
ciation from these classes. They have kept at their work with 
considerable earnestness and dilio-ence; and the close of the 
present session, I hope, finds them in the enjoyment of the 
satisfaction of duty done, and of being a little further on in 
the rugged road of science. The somewhat abnormal condi- 
tion of these classes, and a lack of apparatus for illustrating, 
have made a2:ainst them to some extent. These difficulties 
have been* overcome as best we could. Drawings on the 
black-board have gone far towards making up for insufiiciency 
of apparatus. The study of Forces, Moments, Centre of 
Parallel Forces, Centre of Gravity, and the discussions of 
Machines, Laws of Motion, etc., as presented by Todhunter, 
have been as full of interest as instruction. The student has 
been required not only to discuss principles in the abstract, 
but he has been exhorted to originality by having to solvo 



53 

problems to which these principles are applied, and a't each 
?: recitation his ingenuity and math'ematical artifice have been 
tried. The drawings on the board have been executed with 
care, neatness and accuracy, thus developing mechanical skill, 
and seeming to have the effect of making him warm with his 
subject. 

The chair of Pure Mathematics being vacant, a part of the 
duties of that department have been assigned to me. The 
Senior CLass completed the study of the Differential and In- 
tegral Calculus, and the Sophomore has finished a course of 
Trigonometry, Analytical and Descriptive Geometry. The 
Senior Class has also gone through a course of Civil Engineer- 
ing with my assistance. The study of materials, masonry, 
bridges, and roads, &c., it is conceded, is of great assistance 
in the training of the educated, scientific, and practical agri- 
culturist, and must, therefore, form a part of the leading 
feature of this institution. 

The Sophomore Class has been exercised in practical sur- 
veying, and as a result of the work done, I have to submit 
maps, made by the cadets, of the College-farm, divided into 
"lots accordinfr to instructions. 

The Freshman Class, first section, has finished the study of 
an elementary work in Physics, which, in the main, is descrip- 
tive: and here the lack of apparatus was chiefly felt. The 
members of this class will study to more advantage, I hope, 
next session, with the aid of new text-books and the advantage 
of witnessing experiments. The second section of this class 
dropped this study after the close of the first term, on 
account of multiplicity of studies and the extreme youth of 
its members. 

As the College emerges from the mists which have hitherto 
somewhat clouded it, and as it has now entirely overcome the 
financial difiicultics which clogged its way, it is hoped this 
department will be furnished with all the appliances neces- 
sary for its proper work. Theory and experiment must go 
hand in hand here in order to get satisfactory results. It is 
proposed to fit up a room for the exclusive use of the Profcs- 



54 

Bor of Physics, where experiments will be performed and lee- 
lures delivered. I append a list of some useful additions to 
our apparatus, which are wanting, viz : 

Atwood's Machine ^ 00 

Kicholson's Hydrometer 4 OO 

Hadgeburgh Hemispheres of brass, 3| inches in diameter. 7 00 

jFountain in vacuo, 24 inches high 6 50 

Piirabolic Reflectors, 13 inclies in diameter 25 00 

^mall Horizontal Kngine 11 00 

Friction Electrical Machine, 12 inches in diameter 15 00 

Metallic plates for dancing images 2 75 

One pair pith dancing images 1 75 

piectrical Chimes, 2 bells 175 

Six yai-ds copper wire 90 

School Telegraph 5 50 

Gyroscope, top wheel 24 inches in dia?i^eter 3 25 

Mechanical powers, or illustrations of pulleys 18 00 

Inertia Apparatus v/itli 5 balls. 5 00 

Set of Demonstration lenses 3 00 

Mounted Concave and Convex Mirroi's. 8 00 

Magic Lantern and Pictures 150 00 

I invite speedy attention to these wants of the exjxjrimontal 
part of this department, in the hope that they will soon bo 
supplied, and that, in the future, its standard may bo raised. 

"Very respectfully, 

R. E. NELSON, 

Professor Physics and Applied Matheimiiics^ 



\ 



A 



55 



De^mrtmeni of English Literature^ 
Maryland Age. College, 

June 6tli, 1877. 
Presiderit JParJccr : 

Sir : The work of the year, whilst not as thorough as I de- 
sire, is, at least, encouraging. I have endeavored to present 
to the Senior Class an intelligent digest of English Literature 
from Chaucer to Thackeray. Selections from all the promi- 
nent authors have been noted and frequently read. 

In Psychology,! have dwelt upon sensation and perception, 
the senses, habits of sensation and perception, conceptions, 
abstraction, attention, dreaming, internal origin of hnowled.2;e, 
suggestion, consciousness, association, memory, reasoTiing, sen- 
sibilities, including emotions of beauty, sublimity, desires, 
instincts and appetites. 

The subject of Logic was taken up at the beginning of the 
second session. Discussions upon intuitions, laws of thoughts, 
concepts, judgments, arguments, inductions, doctrine of 
method, modified logic, syllogisms and fallacies have occupied 
a portion of each week. 

Two regular courses of Ivhetoric, embracing the laws of 
composition and declamation, were organized at the beginning 
of the second term of the Freshman Class. Special attention 
has been directed to the laws of punctuation. Original essays 
and declamations have been regularly required for criticism. 
In addition, considerable encouragement has been ollered 
students of all classes in select readings and Shakespearian 
dialogues, not only in the class room, but also before the 
faculty and students in the Chapel. 

In the department of Grammar 1 have tlioroughly, persist- 
ently and continuously, 1 y daily drills, diagrams, digests and 



56 

synopses of the laws of sjnthesis and analysis, literally map- 
ped the whole subject upon the blackboards, with encouraging 
success. 

Relying upon the eye as the chief aid to memory, I have 
required historical charts, genealogical lines, embracing every 
portion of historical reading, as the surest tabular reviews in 
the department of History. 

Story's Comments upon the Constitution has been used as 
reference in discussing the laws and history of the United 
States. 

MERCER SOCIETY. 

It gives me pleasure to mark the interest manifested in the 
Mercer Literary Association since its reorganization under my 
direction at the beginning of the past year. The membership 
numbers twenty-four. 

The Professors, generally, are privileged members, manifest- 
ing considerable interest in the discussions of the society. 

The following officers are now inaugurated : President, 
George Thomas; Tice-President, E. G. Emack; Treasurer, 
•R. R. Beall ; Secretary, Albert L. Key; Librarian, H. G. 
Squiers; Editor of " The Review," Scott Truxtun. 

The following questions have been discussed during the 
' year: Was the execution of Major Andre justifiable? Is the 
>. policy of the Government toward the Indian the true policy? 
'i Do inventions improve the laboring classes? Would it be 
I expedient for the United States to have a large standing 
j army ? Should a system of compulsory education be estab- 
( lished? 

The programme for the annual celebration of the society 
embraces a public discussion of the subject : Ought capital 
punishment, as a matter of right, be abolished? 

The Society has elected the following disputants upon the 
subject : Affirmative, M. B. Lyon, T. T. Houston, R, R. Beall ; 
negative, J. F. Mercer, E. L. Curtis and Scott Truxtun. 

Mr. McCullough, of Annapolis, delivers the annual address 
before the society. 



:57 

LIBRARY. 

The library of the Association consists of 134:8 vohimes. 

The late Dr. Mercer, of New Orleans, donated the sum of 
one thousand dollars to the College. Most of the works of 
the library have been purchased by means of dues, fees and 
other incomes. 

The biographical arid historical works, including Bancroft's, 
Macauley's, Hume's, Irving's and many others, number 400 
volumes. 

There are 100 agricultural and other scientific works, in- 
- eluding a very elegant series of the American Encyclopedia. 

Of fiction there are 350 volumes; of poetry, 200 volumes, 
including a full list of British poets and essayists, and 200 
volumes of miscellaneous works. It is a part of the policy of 
the association to make yearly additions to the nucleus 
already formed. 

For furthering this end, I suggest that regular literary en- 
tertainments be held, at stated intervals, during the next year. 

As it shall be my aim not only to maintain the present 
standard of our curriculum in the department of English, but 
even to raise it still higher, I shall, in the coming year, 
deliver a series of written lectures upon all interesting 
periods in the history of our language. Taking hold of the 
prominent features standing out along the line of ages, I shall 
endeavor to make them memorable links in the chain which 
binds them to us. 

Fully sympathizing with you in the laborious work of de- 
veloping an institution so beneficial to the best interests of 
our State, it shall be ray pleasure to so aid you in moulding 
it as to meet the requirements and wishes of the people. 

AYith much hope for the coming year, I am, yours, 

Most respectfully, 

J. D. WARFIELD. 
Prof, Eng. Literature, Mcjit. Philos. and History, dc.^ d-c. 



58 



^tytixi ct grot of esmn^slry mu\ "guimiU %\Uiox^. 

Department of Chem'stri/, 
Maryland Agr. College, 

June 6th, 1877. 
President Parker: 

Sir : It affords me pleasure to inform yon of the work that 
has been accomplished in the Chemical department. 

The Senior Class, having devoted a considerable portion of 
the year to qualitative analysis, has made an interesting 
analysis of the water used at the College; a quantitative 
analysis of gunpowder, and analyses of the fertilizers used in 
the production of crops. 

My custom has been to place the work of investigation into 
the hands of the students, allowing them to exhaust all avail- 
able tests. The results are both individual and practical. 

The investigations of Mineralogy have been very much 
^ided by a collection of specimens, recently enlarged by con- 
tributions from the Centennial Exhibition. It is hoped that 
many other valuable collections will be offered from the dif- 
ferent portions of our State. 

The subject of Geology has been fully dwelt upon. Dana's 
text-books upon Geology andlSIineralogy being used as refer- 
ence. The Archaean, Silurian, Devonian, Carboniferous, Rep- 
tilian, Mammalian and Quarternary ages have been thor- 
oughly discussed, as well as Historical and Dynamical Geology. 

The Anatomical department is well equipped with excellent 
skeletons and charts. The classes in Physiology have com- 
pleted the work of the course. 

In Organic and Inorganic Chemistry, the Freshman Class 
has made satisfactorj' progress. They are prepared to begin 
the exposition of the various influences of physical agencieSj^ 



59 

as heat, light, magnetism and electricity on chemical phe- 
nomena. 

I propose to develop the subject more extensively by a 
series of lectures upon chemical physics, organic and inor- 
ganic chemistry, accompanied by experiments. But few ex- 
periments have been performed before the classes during the 
year, owing to a lack of apparatus. Experiments greatly 
diminish the labors of an instructor, and render the class ex- 
ercises far more interesting. 

The analysis of soils, of fertilizers, and all the attendant 
aids to a complete education in my department, will receive 
special attention. Our laboratory can be of incalculable 
benefit to the farmers of Maryland, if it be furnished with 
the necessary apparatus for thorough practical work. It is 
intended that, in the future, the farmer shall derive some ad- 
vantage from our investigations. 

The library of reference for students in chemistry is not 
very extensive. I am anxious to increase it at but a small 
outlay. 

In the department of Analyticiil Chemistry, it is the cus- 
tom to charge extra for chemicals, ghs^^ and apparatus. 
Fifteen dollars will not more than cover the expense, per year, 
of each student. 

Chemistry, as applied to the arts and manufactures, must 
be the specialty in my department; therefore, a full outfit is 
necessary. Taught in this manner, chemistry trains all the 
senses ; and the processes of reason necessary to attain suc- 
cessful results, are of the same character as are required in 
the daily operations of life. The manufacturers of the State 
can assist this department very materially by donating arti- 
cles for analysis, &c. 

The student is also encouraged to make exhaustive studies 
of as many substances as his time will permit, in addition to 
his qualitative analysis. Those intending to become teachers 
will, in this way, go through all of the important elements ;^' 
those intending to become physicians, the substances which 
are important in therapeutics; those intending to become 



r 



60 I 



farmers, mahnfactiirers, engineers, <fcc., will, in lilvC manner, 
have an opportunity of becoming fiimiliarizcd with the mate- 
rials to be dealt with in after life. 

■ In order to accomplish the work planned for next year, 
some expense will have to be incurred. The followincr are 
among the most important things needed, with probable cost : 

Balances for Quantitative Anal |100 00 

Furnace for Orf^anic Analysis 40 00 

Spectroscope and Microscope 200 00 

Photographic Apparatus 25 00 

Telegraphic "' 25 00 

Desks for Laboratory, general chemical apparatus and 

chemicals 500 00 



$890 00 



t 



In conclusion, I am happy to repoi't tha< ilic worl: of tlie 
majority of the pupils in the clas>e5 in my departmunt ha? 
been cheerful, intelligent, thorough, and, perhaps, as extensive 
as ought to be expected when the time at tlieir dispo^iil is 
taken into consideration. 1 am confident tliat thev dJ.:^e]•ve 
all praise for their,uniform courtesy and attention. 

Kespectfully submitted, 

WM. B. MOKGAN, 
• . Frof. Chemistry and Natural Ilistoiy, \ 



CI 



» 



gcporJ gv>pfr^.5JDr iviulmJ iiM -Simian JEniujimgr.^. 

Department of Languages^ 
Maryland Agr. College, 

Jnne Gtli, 1877. 
President W. H. Parker : 

Sir : According to your request, I have the honor to trans- 
mit the following report upon the wprk ehtnistcd to me dur- 
ing the session 1ST0-1S77. 

Forty-nine students have been enrolled in my department. 
Eighteen have studied French ; seventeen, German, and four- 
teen, Latin. There has been no desire for Greek. 

Owing to the different degrees of advancement, I have had. 
mucli difficulty in grading the classes so as to advance them 
regularly. 

It lias been my desire to establish a regular course, and to 
remove the difliculties resulting from the fact that the study 
of languages has been, this year, necessarily left optional. 
Altogether, the standing of the classes has not reached the 
degree of perfection I have tried to attain. Several students 
of the first section, Freshman Class, made up their minds, at 
the beginning of the second term, to take up the study of 
Latin ; therefore, I was compelled to teach those the very first 
elements of the Latin lanfrua<2:e, which oui'ht to have been 
tJUight in the Treparatory Department. I suggest, therefore, 
^hat in the future the elements of Latin, being the elements 
«'ind basis of modern languages, shall be required in the Pre- 
paratory Department. 

The Senior Class in Latin have read : Cicero : oratio in 
^'itilinam. 1~*. Yirgilius Maro: yEneid, liber II and lY. 
'~~-Sallust : bellum iuaurthinum. — Andrew's and Stoddard's 
hatin Grammar, translations'D'om English into Latin, includ- 
^"o original compositions. — In French: Fasquellc's French 



62 

course. Grammar and translations, original compositions and 
colloquial exercises. — " The Classic French Reader," hy De 
Fivas — " Nettement histoire de la conquete d'Alger." — Le 
bourgeois gentilhomme" Comedie de Moliere — " La Hcnri- 
ade" par Yoltaire. 

The First Section, Freshman Class, in Latin have read: 
Cicero: oratio pro lege Manilla. Sallust; bellum Catilina- 
rium. — Grammar: Dr. Smith's principia latina, part II; 
translations from English into Latin. — In French: Fasquelle's 
French course ; De Fivas' Classical French Keader ; Conite 
Segur's histoire de la campagne 1812; Erkmann-Chatrain's 
le conscrit. In Gerinan: Otto's German Grammar ; Adler's 
Progressive German Reader; Schiller's play: Maria Stuart; 
The German Echo ; dialogues to teach German conversation, 
by Worm an. 

The Second Section, Freshman Class, in Latin have read : 
C^i2sar: do bello Gallico, liber II et IV; Latin Reader; D»\ 
Smith's principia latina, part I ; translations from English 
into Latin. — \n French: Fasquelle's French course: De Fi- 
vas' Elementary French Reader. In German: S. Ahn's 
German Grammar. 4 

The Preparatory Department used in French^ Fasquelle's 
small edition, and in Gerraan^ Ahn's Grammar. 

I have the honor to be, very respectfully. 

Your obedient servant, 

F. VON BROCKDORFF, 
Professor Ancient and Modern Languages, 



63 



^flTort cf (Commniulant of ffadctp. 

Military Department, 
Maryland Agk. College, 

June 6th, 1ST7. 
President W. H. Parlcer : 

Sir: I have the honor to submit tlie following report: At 
the present academic jear, I was ordered to take charge of the 
military department as Commandant of Cadets. Since that 
time militarv studies and duties have been steadily carried 
out. The corps has been drilled in the school of the soldier, 
company, battalion, Instruction for skirmishers and the bay- 
onet exercise. The latter drill, having taken place during 
the severe weather of the winter, the attic of the barrack Avas 
used as a drill-room. The Cadets have also been instructed 
in the military ceremonies of parade, inspection and review. 

At the beginning of the year, the uniform was changed. 
The one adopted and now used, is similar to that worn by the 
Cadets at West Point and the Ya. Mil. Institute. Its neat, 
military appearance has added much to the interest in the 
military department, and has assisted in creating that esprit 
de corps so marked in well organized military bodies. 

For the better preservation of good order, and for the pur- 
pose of instructing the Cadets in the duties and responsibili- 
ties of sentinel, a guard has been detailed, each day, according 
to the prescribed regulations. All cadets have been required 
to perform this duty. 

It being deemed proper that Cadets should police their own 
quarters, an orderly from each room has been detailed for this 
purpose; each occupant performing the duty, in turn. This 
duty has always been faithfully discharged. The neat and 
orderly condition of the cadet-quarters was complimented by 
the Board at its meeting in December. 

The barracks are inspected on Sundays by the President 
and Faculty, and daily, by the Commandant of Cadets. 






■ 64 

« 

There has also been an inspection of the battalion, under 
arms, each Sunday morning, according to the form prescribed 
in the regulations for the army of the United States. 

The arms used by the Cadets are the Enfield muslcet. 
They are in good condition, though I would recommend that 
they be exchanged for the new cadet musket. 

A drum-corps has been organized and placed under in- 
struction. 

The corps has been drilled twice before the Board of Trus- 
tees, and has been visited by distinguished officers of the 
Army and Kavy. At all times, both on and off duty, the 
Cadets have conducted themselves so as to be worthy of 
great commendation. There has been an earnest enthusiasm 
evinced for military duty throughout the entire year. Tliis 
has lightened the work of the instructor to a great extent. 

Honor is due the officers and non-commissioned officers for 
the faithful and soldier like manner in which they have dis- 
charged their duty. ' - ' 

I would, in conclusion, respectfully recommend that a sy^ 
tematic course of theoretical instruction be marked ont. Its 
good eftect cannot be donbted ; and, if properly arranged, 
the time occupied would not interfere with the other branches. 

I am, sir, your obedient servant, 

T. F. SNYDER, 

Comdt. of Cadets. 



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