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Full text of "Circular of the Maryland Agricultural College"

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MARYI^ND 



AgPICULTURAL COLLIIGI:, 




CATALO(.UE. 






SESSION or 1 595- 1 099. 



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Board of Trustees. 

Members Ex-of ficio. 



Hon. Lloyd Lowndes, 
Hon. p. L. Goldsborough, 
Hon. H. M. Clabaugh, 
Hon. Thos. J. Shryock, 
Hon. J. Wirt Randall, - 
*Hon. Lewis Schaefer, 



Governor, President of the Board. 
Comptroller of the Treasury. 
Attorney General. 
State Treasurer. 
President of the Senate. 
Speaker House of Delegates. 



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Members Representing Stockholders. 

Hon. Murray Vandiver, - - - - - Havre de Grace, Md. 

Hon. Wilmot Johnson, Catonsville, Md. 

Chas. B. Calvert, Es<,)., College Park, Md. 

Allen Dodge, Esq., ... . . . Washington, D. C. 

wChas. H. Stanley, Es«?., ----- Laurel, Md. 

. * . ' , -, . ■ . 

Members Appointed by the Governor. . . : .. 

•C. J. Purnell, Esq., -. - - - - - -' Snow Hill, Md. 

Hon. David Seibert, - - - - - - - Clear Spring, Md. 

W. S. Whiteford, Esq., Harford Co., Md. 

J. M. MuNROK, Esq., > , - . r - - Anne Arundel Co., Md. 

Hon. Chas. H. Evanl - Baltimore, Md. 

Chas. W. Slagle, Esq^, - - Baltimore, Md. 

*Re8lgned. > 



Faculty of Instruction. 



R. W. Silvester, 
President and Professor of Mathematics. 

Richard H, Alvey, 
Vice-President and Professor of English and Civics. 

*Clough Overton, - ist Lieut. U. S. Cavalry, Prof, of Military Science^ 

VV. T. L. Taliaferro, - ... - Professor of Agriculture. 

Harry Gwinner, - - - Professor of Mechanical Engineering. 

H. B. McDonnell, M. D., B. S., - - - Professor of Chemistry. 

Martin P. Scott, M. D., Professor of Biology. 

Henry Lanahan, A. B., - Professor of Physics and Civil Engineering. 

James S. Robinson, Professor of Horticulture. 

W. G. Johnson, A. M. Professor of Entomology. 

C. O. Townsend, Ph. D., - - Professor of Pathology and Botany. 
Samuel S. Buckley, B. S., D. V. S., Professor of Veterinary Science. 

Thos. H. Spence, Professor of Languages. 

Henry T. Harrison, - - - Principal Preparatory Department. 

Wm. H. Zimmerman, M. S., Prof, of Photography and Electro-Metallurgy. 
F. P. Veitch, M. S., 



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W. W, Skinner, B. S., 

J. R. Laughlin, B. S , 

H. T. Welty, B. S., 

F. B. Bomberger, - - . 

E. D. Sanderson, B. S., ) 

Franklin Sherman, ) 

Jos. R. Owens, M. D., - 

♦Absent, with U. S. Army In Cuba. 



Assistants in Chemistry. 

Assistant in English and Mathematics. 

- Assistants in Entomology, 

Registrar and Treasurer, 



Calendar for J898-1899. 



Entrance Examinations, - - September 14th, 15th, 16th and 17th. 

First Term begins September 19th. 

First Quarter ends - - November 18th. 

Christmas Holidays - - . - December 21st to January 4th. 

First Term ends - - - January 25th. 

First Term Examinations - - - January 25th to February 3rd. 

Second Term begins - - - February 6th. 

Easter Ho^ys ------ March 29th to April 4th. 

Third Quarter ends --------- April 14th. 

Second Terms ends - - May 26th. 

Final Examinations ------ May 29th to June 9th- 

Baccalaureate Sermon --------- June 11th. 

Athletic and Society Day ------- June 12th, 

Class Day ----------- June 13th. 

Commencement Day - June 14th. 



HISTORICAL SKETCH. 

As some misapprehonsion seems to exist in the mind of the general 
public as to the exact nature of tlie in^itruction offered by the Maryland 
xAgricultural College and the function of the institution as a part of the 
educational system of the State,it is thought advisable at this timeto make 
some very definite statement of the preei.^e character of the work of the 
College, its raison d'etre, and the aims and hopes of the present admin- 
istration in endeavoring to carry out to the fullest extent the ambitions 
and ideals of its founders. A brief account of tlie origin and hiBtor}^ of 
the inc^titution may serve to make clear its ])urpose and the scope of its 
work. 

The ILaryknd Agricultural College was incorporated by an Act of 
the (leneral Assend)ly of Mai-yland, dated :\Jarcli Uth, ISoG, at a time 
when but one other such institution existed in the United States. Its 
express purpose was defined to be: "To instruct the yonthful student in 
those arts and sc-iences indispensable to siicce.seful agricultural pursuit." 
Under tlie charter thus granted to a party of public-spirited private indi- 
viduals, the original coJlege building was erected and its doors opened 
to students in the fall of l,s.59. For three years it was conducted as a 
private eleemiosynaiw institution; but in 18(52 the Congress of the United 
States, recognizing the valuable work in the cause of practical education 
which such colleges were doing for the country, passed the "Land-grant 
Act," providing for the establishment and maintenance of agricultural col- 
leges, by applying for that purpose a proportionate amount of unclaimed 
Western land, in place of scrip, to each state and territory in the Union. 
This oTant having been fonmilly accepted l)y the General Assembly of 
Maryland, and the Maryland Agricultural College being named as the 
beneficiary of the grant, the college thus became, in part at least, a State 
Institution, and such it is at the present time. 

In 1S8T the Federal Congress passed a second important Act in aid 
of the agricultural interests, appro] )ria ting $lo,0()() a year for the estab- 
lishment and maintenance of agricultural experiment stations. The 
Maryland station was located on the college farm, and was made a depart- 
ment of the college. In 1892 the Board of Trustees so far separated it 
from the college as to put it under a special Director, who is directly re- 
sponsible to the Board. The function of the Experiment Station is the 
investigation of those agricultural problems of most interest and concern 
to the farmers of the State, and the publication and dissemination of the 



results of such experiments, in the form of bulletins, for the information 
and guidance of those interested in agriculture. Since the inception of 
the Ex^wriment Station its inJluence has steadily increased aaidils sphere 
of usefulness has constantly widened, until it is now a well rec<ignized 
factor in the agricultural devek)j)Tr)ont of Maryland. 

Once more, in 1892, the Federal government came to the aid of the 
agTicultural and mechanical colleges. By the Act of Congress of that 
year an annual appropriation of $15,000, to be increased by $1,000 each 
year until, the sum of $25,000 was reached, was granted each ^^tate, to be 
applied to the further equipment and support of the agricultural and 
mechanical colleges. The primary object of this legislation was the de- 
velopment of the departments of agriculture and the mechanic arts and 
the kindred branches thereto. Maryland, as was the case in all the states 
of the South, in order to coni]dy with the terms of the Act of ( *ongress, 
divided this fund between the State Agiicidtunl College and a >»onunvhat 
similar institution for the education of colored sitiulents, located at Prin- 
cess x\nne, on the Eastern Shore of Maryland. 

During the last seven years the history of the college has been that 
of steady growth. This fact is evidenced by the increased iHtmber of 
students availing themselves of its facilities; by the erection of many new 
buildings; the library and gymnasium building, the new chemical labora- 
tory,the mechanical engineering building, the Science lIall(now in course 
of construction) and the new college baj-n; as well as by the establishment 
of the Department of Farmers' Institutes and the Dt'i)artnu]}ts of Slate 
Entomology and State Pathology. Under such favoi-able auspices tbo 
institution must continue to grow, and ultimately i-eacli the status of 1m3- 
ingthe most important factor in the agricultural and industrial develop- 
ment of the State. 

LOCATIOX AND DESCPIPTIOX. 

The Maryland Agricultural College is located in Prince (^eorgc's 
County, Maryland, on the hue of the Washington Branch of the B. & 0. 
R. R., eight miles from Washington, and thirty-two mik's from Baltimoj-e. 
At least ten trains a day from each city stoj) at College Station, thus 
making the place easily accessible from all parts of the State. 

The telegraph station is Hyattsville, connected with the college by a 
private telephone line. 

The college grounds fi'ont on the Baltimore and Waishington turn- 
pike. Tiie suburban town of Hyattsville is two and a-half miles to the 



iioiiit.li. and Laurel, tlie largest town in the county, is thirteen miles to the 
north, on the same road. Connection with Washington by the District 
and Suburban Electric Ikilway will probably be established during the 
coming year. 

The site of the college is particularly beautiful. The buildings 
, occupy the crest of a commanding hill, covered with forest trees, and 
overlooking the entire surrounding country. In front, extending to the 
turnpike, is a broad, rolling campus, the drill ground and athletic field 
of fche students. In the rear are the farm buildings and barn. A quar- 
ter of a mile to the northeast are the buildings of the Experiment Sta- 
tion. The college farm contains about three hundred acres, and is de- 
voted to the gardens, orcharik, vineyard and to general farming. 

The main college building is of brick, five stories in height. It con- 
tains the .students' quarters, mess hall, chapel, lecture rooms and offices. 
The dormitories are large, well ventilated, and provided with fire escapes 
aiul lyath and water rooms. All the buildings are lighted with gas and 
heMed with s-team from central plants on the college grounds. During 
the })Pesent summer extensive improvements are being made in the 
plumbing and sanitary arrangements of the building. An addition to 
the main buiklini;' is being erected, containing commodious bath rooms 
on each Hoor. with the most modern appliances for the comfort and health 
of the students. 

The ]\Ieehanical Engineering Department is located in a new two- 
story brick building, completed in 18!)(;, and now thoroughly equipped. 
.It contains workshops for carpentry and forging, machinery rooms, a 
drawing room, libraj-y and ofilce. It is a model building of its kind. 
■■J'he new chemical building was completed in 1897, and is now thor- 
oughly equip|)ed. It contains several lecture rooms, laboratories for 
practical woi-k and for the analysiis of fertilizers, which work is assigned 
to the I'rofessor of Chemistry at this college by an Act of the General 
Asiserrd)!y. He is thus the State Chemist. 

In 1894 the present building of the gymnasium and library was 
erecttied. The gymnasium on the ground floor is well furnished with 
modern athletic ap]>liances. The library and reading room is on the 
second floor, and is a large, well lighted and convenient room for the 
purpose. 

The general ajjpearance of the oolk;ge grounds is exceedingly a-ttraet- 
ive. They are tastefully laid off in lawn and terraces, with ornamental 



shrubbery and flower plats, and the view from the grove and campus 
canno't be surpaiesed. 

One of the most noteworthy additions to the group of college build- 
ings is the new Science Hall, now nearly completed. This building will 
provide ample accommodations for the Departments of Agriculture, Hor- 
ticulture, Biology, Physics, Entomolgy, Pathology and Veterinary 
Science, thus relieving the pressure of close quarters from which these 
departments have suffered, and greatly extending their opi>ortunities for 
the development of high-grade scientific work. 

Another important improvement to the working facilities of the 
college and farm is the erection of a new and model bam. Especial 
attention is invited to the arrangement of this building, which is in 
many ways an example of an almost perfect general utility farm building. 

The location of the college is entirely healthful; the sanitaiy condi- 
tions are excellent. No better proof of this can be given that there has 
been no really serious case of illness among the students for nearly ten 
years. 

CtEneral aim axd purpose. 

The Agricultural College is the State School of Science and Tech- 
nology. While seeking, fir.^t of all, to perform the function of an agri- 
cultural college, its sphere of work has been widened to embrace all the 
-ciences akin to agriculture and all the arts related to mechanical training. 
To these special and prominient lines of work have been added such 
branches of study aisare necessary for a liberal education, for the develop- 
ment of the intelligent citizen, and the making of the man of general 
culture. Tlie i)urpose of this college is to give to young men anxious to 
]jre])are themselves for the active duties of life such training in the 
sciences or in the mechanical workshop as will enable them to take 
their ]ilaoes in the industrial world well juvpared for the fierce compe- 
tition of the day. 

Recognizing that such an education, in order to be of practical 
advantage to the many, must be ofl'ered at a cost within the means of all, 
the exjienses for the year to the student have been reduced to the point 
where his college dues are hardly in excess of his ordinary daily expenses. 
It is to be remembered that the college is a State Institution, in part 
supjiorted by the State, in part by the Federal Government, through its 
several endowment Acts, and that it is in no siense a money-making con- 
cern, but simply a medium of disbursement by the government to those 



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classes upon whom the safety and prog}>erity of the state so largely de- 
pends. . , 

While the college provides, as will hereinafter he explaiined, sieveral 
distinct courses of instruction, looking to the special training of the stu- 
dent in agriculture, mechanical engineering, the natural and physical 
sciences and belle lettres, the fact is clearly kept in yiew that a sound 
foundation must he laid for each and even' course. Sucoesjiful specializa- 
tion is only possible after the student has been })repared for it by a thor- 
ough training in the essentials. All education must be narrow and one- 
sided which does not }>rovide for the general culture of the student, and 
which does not look first to the natural and normal development of the 
individual. The general working ])lan of the college may be thus de- 
scribed. It begins with the student in his first, or Freshman year, a sys- 
tematic and ciarefully adjusted scheme of work, diifering but little in the 
several courses, and looking to his genenil development in mental 
strength, range of information and ])o\ver of expression and tho<iight. 
At the beginning of his second, or Sopliomore year, differentiation may be 
said to begin along those lines in whicli he shows most natural aptitude. 
This gradual specialization continues during his third or Junior year, 
until his last, or Senior year, his work consists almost wholly of one or 
more closily connected topics in which he is thus able thoroughly to pre- 
pare himself. With the present equipment of the laboratories and me- 
chanical workshops, a student is able to becoineiso proficient in his chosen 
line of work that when he leaves the college a career is open to him, if 
he chooses to avail himself of it. 

The Agricultural College is legitimately the crowning point of the 
Public School System of jMaiyland. Its aim is to provide a higher edu- 
cation to the graduates of the county schools. To this end its curriculum 
is adjusted to meet the preparation of such students. It is this class of 
young men tliat the college is especially desirous of reacliing. Experi- 
ence has shown that our most satisfactory students come as graciuates 
from the coimty schools; and no effort will be si>ared to make the transi- 
tion from the high school or grammar school to the college a possible 
one for all those actuated by an earnest desire to complete their education., 

DEPARTMENTS— EQUIPMENT AND WOEK. 

The following is a bi'ief account of the ecpiipment of the several 
departments of the college, and the general character of the instructioni 
given in each. 



«-^ DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE. 

. The college offers isdx courses of agricultural instruction: 1 — A 
regular four years' course. 2 — A special course of one or two years. 3 — 
A short course of twelve weeks. 4 — A creamery course of six weeks. 5 — 
A private dairy course of six Aveeks. 6 — A Chatauqua course of home 
reading. 

The details of the strictly agricultural ])art of the regular course 
will be best understood by reference to the following list of text-books: 
"First lessons in Agriculture," Guilley; "Soils and Crops," Morrow and 
Hunt; "Horses, Cattle, Sheep and Swine," Curtis; "Stock-breeding." 
Miles; "The Soil," King; "Drainage," Waring; "How Crops Grow,'' 
Johnson; "Stock Feeding," Stewart; "American Dairying," Gurler; 
"Dairyman's Manual," Stewart; "The Fertility of the Eand," Roberts. 
In addition, the bulletins of the United States Agricultural Department 
and of the State Experiment Stations are constantly refeiTed to for the 
latest information on the topics covered by them. 

While text-books are used throughout the course, they are supple- 
mented at every step by lectures and practical exercises in the laboratoiy, 
the field, the stables and dairy. 

The shorter courses are intended for those who for any reason can- 
not take the regular four years' course, and they are necessarily restricted 
in their scope. They are intended especially for men who propose to make, 
or have miade practical farming their profession, and who wish to con- 
fine their studies more closely to technical agriculture. 

For instruction in practical agi'iculture the college is especially well 
prepared, having its farm of about three hundred acres of rapidly im- 
proving land well equipped with buildings, stock and machinea-y, and 
producing almost every crop known to the State. Another advantage 
lies in the proximity of the Experiment Station, whose work is a daily 
object-lesson to students of the college, and in whose creamery, supplied 
with every modern appliance for daiiying, the creamery work of the col- 
lege is conducted. 

The Department of Agriculture will have its quarters in the new 
Science Haill, now nearing completion, and there, besides the much 
greater convenience with which its work can be conducted, a considerable 
increase in the equipment of the Department A\ill be possible. 

The degree conferred upon students completing the regular four 
years' course in Agriculture is Bachelor of Science. 



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DEPARTMENT OF MECHANICAL ENGINEERING. 

The growing importanoe of this branch of engineering has induced 
the authorities of the college to erect and equip a laboratory devoted ex- 
clusively to mechanical engineering. The course is substantially the same 
as that given in colleges of like grade, and such excellent work has been 
done that it has led to the equipment being increased as rapidly as funds 
will permit. 

The chief aim of this department is to graduate men who are thor- 
oughly competent to fill responsible positions; and with this end in view, 
the course is made as practical las possible. Due attention is paid to the 
linguistic and philosophical subjects, so that graduates will be cultured 
as well as practical engineers. The collateral branches of the course are 
mathematics, physics, chemistry, modern language, English, history and 
the principles of citizenship. 

The equipment of the mechanical engineering laboratory is ex- 
cellent, and the drawing and lecture rooms and workshops are well 
lighted and heated. The drawing room has blue-print facilities and 
tables to acoommodate thirty stiwients. Suitable drawers are provided 
in which instruments are kept. The wood-working shop is furnished 
with six double benches and twelve sets of tools, five turning lathes of 
twelve inch swing, a thirty inch grindstone and band and circular saws. 
The forge shop contains a hand drill, vise, ten forges with proper tools. 
anid suitable means are provided for keeping the shop free of sanoke. The 
foundry has a Whiting cupola capable of melting 1,200 pounds per hour. 

The machine shop contains a 24 inch by 6 feet Gray planer, a 24 
inch Snyder machine drill, emery grinder, 21 inch by 8 feet Fifield en- 
gine lathe, 14 inch by 6 feet Reed engine lathe, 12 inch by 6 feet Reed 
•engine lathe, 10 inch by 5 feet Reed speed lathe, five Prentiss machine 
vises, and an assortment of chucks, dies, taps, measuring instruments 
and pipe tools. 

An idea of the class of work that is being done in this department 
may be gathered from the fact that a twenty-five horse-power automatic 
.steam engine, of the Atlas type, is being constructed entirely by the stu- 
dents. 

The power to drive the machinery is furnished by an 8 inch by 1.2 
inch slide-valve engine, secured for the college by Lieutenant John D. 
Ford, and presented by the city of Baltimore. It was constructed at the 
Baltimore Polytechnique Institute. Steam is furnished for power and 



for heating the various college buildings by two sixty horse-power Camp- 
bell and Zell boilers, of the water-tube type. 

DEPARTMENT OF MATHEMATICS. 

Mathematics is the basis upon which scientific information rests. A 
knowledge of the study is necesearA-, as much from the utilitarian point 
of view as from the mental training its acquisition gives. Its import- 
ance as a factor in our college course takes its rise from the former consid- 
eration. All instruction in this work is with a view to the equipping 
of students for the more practical work soon to follow. 

The class work in mathematics in the several courses consists of 
arithmetic, boiok-keeping, algebra, geometiy (plane and solid), trigonom- 
etry (plane and spherical), descriptive geometry, in its application to me- 
chanical drawing, analytical geometiy, differential and integral calculus 
in their application to mechanics, engineering and physics and surveying. 

In the applied mathematics, book-keeping is taught every student. 
No matter what vocation a man intends to follow, a knowledge of busi- 
ness forms and a method of systematic accounts is a requisite to success. 
To be able to use an ordinaiy compass or transit, for the purpose of lay- 
ing out, dividing and calculating the area, of land, or of running out- 
lines and leveling for the purpose of drainage, is a necessary accomplish- 
ment for every inteilligent farmer. 

DEPARTMENT OF ENGLISH AND CIVICS. 

This depariment, as its name implies, covers the work of two dis- 
tinct c-ourses of instruction. It seeks to prepare the student by system- 
atic training in the history, structure and use of the English language 
for the highest development of his mental powers and for the complex 
duties and relations of life; and further, to fit him for the active and in- 
telligent exercise of his rights and duties as a man and a citizen. 

The course in Einglish of necessity lies at the base of all other 
courses of instruction. A clear and comprehensive knowledge of his 
mother tongue is absolutely necessary to the student in pursuing any 
line of college work. Nor is this all, for aside from the practical value of 
the English instruction as an aid to other branches of study, and as a 
preparation for business and profession, it is to his training in this de- 
partment, in connection with his study of history and the classics and 
m'odem languages, that the student must look for the acquiring of tliat 



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general culture that has always been the distinguishing mark of the 11b- 
'erally educated man. The English work, which is common to all courses, 
consists of the study of the structure of the English language, literature 
(English and American), theoretical and practical rhetoric, logic, criti- 
cal reading and analysis, and constant exercise in expression, composition 
and thesis writing. 

The course in civics is especially designed to prepare young men 
for the active duties of citizenship. The first two years are devoted to 
the study of general histor}% followed by the principles of civil govern- 
ment, constitutional history, political economy, with special reference to 
current social and industrial problems, and, finally, lectures on the ele- 
ments oi business law. 

DEPARTMEXT OF CHEMISTRY. 

The course in chemistry is particularly thorough. The new labora- 
tory, which was completed last summer, and has been occupied since the 
first of September, is very complete and convenient. It contains, on the 
second floor, a separate laboratory for each of the three classes, a supply 
room and a students' balance room; on the first floor a lecture room, office 
and two laboratories for fertilizer analysis, with a balance room between, 
communicating with both laboratories. The department has a reference 
library, which is gradually increasing in size. The equipment of the 
laboratory is unusually full and complete. 

Instruction in chemistn' commences with the Sophomore year, the 
class work being partly recitative, partly practical. In the laboratory 
each student has his own desk and outfit, and performs experiments de- 
signed to illustrate the subject as previously considered in the class- 
room. The chemistry of the Jiinior ye-av is taken by the students in the 
Agricultural and Scientific Courses. About one-third of the time allotted 
to recitative work and lectures; two-thirds to laboratory work in quali- 
tative and quantitative analysis, including the aniaiysis of milk. Part of 
the time of the second term is devoted to determinative mineralogy, 
mostly practical work. . 

The students making a specialty of chemistry have almost invariably 
been able to secure positions after leaving the college. In order to pre- 
pare them for such positions the work of the Senior year is made particu- 
larly thorough. The first term is devoted to organic chemistry in class- 
room and laboratory. The second term is devoted to special work, the 
nature of which is varied according to the intentions of the student after 



graduation. Some of the sul)jects considered are: Organic analysis, de- 
termination of vapor densities and atomic weights, analysis of water, fer- 
tilizers, soils, fodders and feeding stuffs, concluding with the preparation 
of a thesis involving some original investigation. 

DEPARTMEXT OF BIOLOGY AXl) GEOLOGY. 

Bialogv' is the basis of agriculture. There is no branch of this great 
interest which is not intimately connected with the science of biology. 
Hence the primary function of the F>iologiertl and (xeological Department 
of the Agricultural College is to lay the foundation for the many special 
departments of agricultural science. A detailed study of geology is fol- 
lowed by human physiology, zoology and advanced work in practical and 
theoretical biology. A special course (Senior year) in general biology is 
one of the optional grou])s of the SeientiHc ('ourse. Instruction is by 
text-book, lectures and laboratoiy practice in microscopy and dissection. 

The biological department will be provided with quarters in the new 
Science Hall. The equipment is adequate and complete. The work in 
geology is illustrated by means of an excellent cabinet of geological 
specimens. For practical work in ])hysiology and zoology a full set of 
imported models furnishes illustrative facilities, while instruments and 
live specimens are supplied for dissecting work. 

DEPARTMEXT OF PHYSICS. 

As a knowledge of the general principles of biology is necessary to 
the advanced work in agricultural science, so the understanding of physi- 
cal laws is a requisite to the study of mechanics. A course in elementary 
physics has been introdiiced in the work of the Freshman year, as a 
preparation for the ^Mechanical Course. In addition to this a complete 
course in physical science forms a part of the General Science Course. For 
this, instruction is begun in the Junior year, continuing throughout the 
Senior year with opportunity for specialization and advanced laboratory 
work. Instruction is by means of text-books, lectures and practical work, 
covering the subjects of the mechanical powers, heat, light, acoustics, 
hydraulics, hydrostatics and electricity. The application of mathematics 
to physics and the solution of original problenLs forms an important part 
of the course. 

The equipment of this department is excellent. The apparatus is all 
new and of the most improved patterns. More adequate quarters Avill be 
provided for the department in the new Seince Haill. 



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In connection with, the work of this department has been that of the 
department of civil engineering. While primarily intended to provide 
instmction in the simpler operations of farm surveying, leveling, etc., 
opportunity is given the student to make a specialty of civil engineering, 
including irrigation, sewage and structural work, road-making, architect- 
ural design, etc. A special group (Senior year) is offered to students of 
the Scientific Course, making a specialty of civil engineering. The de- 
partment is weill equipped with instruments, transits, levels, compasses. 
etc. 

DEPARTMENT OF HORTICrLTURE. 

The work of the Department of Horticulture is in the main practical. 
Maryland is especially adapted to the growing of fruits and vegetables, 
and a large part of her agricultural populiation is so engaged. The aim of 
this department is to prepare 3'oung men to enter this field Avith the 
chances of success in their favor, as the result of a systematic and scien- 
tific course in the principles underlying modern horticulture. The col- 
lege farm, orchards and gardens constitute the department's laboratory. 
Here stndents are instructed in the requirements of varieties, location, 
soil, culture, propagation, packing, market demands, fertilization, polle- 
nation and the best methods of handling the trucking crops. The work of 
the department has been greatly facilitated by the erection and e()iii))- 
ment of a commodioiis green-house. Practical illustrations in tlie mar- 
keting of fruits and vegetables are laiforded by the successful shipments of 
the college garden products during the spring and summer seasons. 

DEPARTMENT OF ENTOMOLOGY. 

This department derives its authority from an Act of the General 
Assembly of Marv'land in 1898, provided for the establishment and main- 
tenance at the Agricultural College of the Departments of Entomology 
and of Botany and Pathology. The function of this department is first 
the investigation and combating of the insects injurious to agriculture 
in the State, and. secondly, the development, as part of the college cur- 
riculum, of a course of economic entomology. It is this latter function 
that claims notice here. The department will have its quarters in the new 
Science Hall, wliere ample facilities for instruction and for original work 
by students will be afforded. The course will include lectures, illus- 
trated by means of models, charts and specimens, laboratory work in the 
dissection and classification of insects, field excursions, collecting and 



observing insects of economic importance, and the preparation and appli- 
cation of insecticides with the most improved apparatus. 

A special Senior course will be offered to students wlio desire to 
make a s])ecia1ty of economic entomology, the course constituting one 
of tlie Senioi' groups of studies in the General Science Course. 

Di:r.\KT:\iKXT of botany and pathology. 

The I)e])artment of liotany and Pathology, like that of economic 
entomology, is of recent origin, {he coming year being the first of its 
existence. Basing its work upon general biology and upon structural 
and systematic botany, its primary object is the training of students in 
the recognition, prevention and combating of plant diseases. Beginning 
in an early stage of the Agricultural and Scientific Courses, the work of 
the department will embrace the study of systematic, physiological and 
structural botany, followed by laboratory work in vegetable pathology, 
the ]ire])aration of fungicides, etc. The quarters of the department will 
be in the new Science Hall, where apparatus and facilities for instruction 
will be provided. 

IJke the Department of Entomology, the Department of Pathology' 
has in charge the agricultural and horticultural interests of the state. 
Tlie ])r()fessor of ])athology and of entomology are respectively the 
State Pathologist and the State Entomologist. 

depart:\ient of veterinary science. 

The ])ur|)ose of tlie l)ej)artment of Veterinary Science is to equip 
young men with that knowledge which will enable them to select, breed 
and ])reserve the higiiest tyi)es of our domestic animals, and in so doing 
elevate the standard of such in the State. The course emphasizes the fact 
that it is easi(>r and more economical to retain animals in a state of health 
than to combat disease after it has made its appearance. . It also shows 
the advantage of breeding animals of a high grade for particular service, 
rather than trying to establish what are ordinarily termed "general pur- 
l)ose" animals. 

The coui'se includes the comparative anatomy and physiology of 
farm animals, with s])ecial reference to the diseases of the special 
oi-gans; hygiene, in connection with the construction of stables and farm 
buildings; breeds and breeding of live stock; general stable management, 
including feeding of farm animals. 



is 



19 



Altlioug-h designated the Veterinary Department, it is not its purpose 
to gradiiate veterinarians, but to instruct the students tluiit, as owners oi 
stock, tliey can avoid all conditions most favorable to disease, and detect 
disease upon its first appearance and act unhesitatingly. 

The quarters of the department Avill be moved to tlie new Science 
Hall, where proper facilities for instruction will be provided. The real 
laboratory of the eonrse may be said to be the college barn. To those 
students desiring it a special Senior course in veterinary science will l)e 
offered. 

DEPAKT^ilEXT OF PHOTOGRAPHY AND ELECTRO- 
MET ALLURGY. 

The object of the Department of Photography and Electro-iletal- 
lurg^' is to serve as an adjunct to the work of the agricultural, scientific 
and mechanical dopartments. Ample accomnuTdations are provided in 
the upper story of the main college building, where the light and facili- 
ties for instruction are all that can be desired at present. The course is 
as vet confiued to the Senior vear. 

In photography ihe instruction is partly by lectures, based upon the 
chemistry and physics of the science, but miainly consisting of practical 
work, the students using the instruments and dark room under the direc- 
tion of the instructor. Much interest has been manifested in this work, 
and it is probable that more time can idtimately be assigned for this 
branch. 

In electro-chemistiy the students take up successively: Electrotyp- 
ing, gal\'ano])liasty and electro-plating. The instruction is again partly by 
lectures, but miiinly practical in its nature, both the science land the art 
receiving afttention. The first of these arts a])])lies generally to college 
needs: the second to purposes in the departments of natural science, and 
the third especially to the work of the department of mechanics. 

DEPARTMENT OF LAXGUAGEg. ,;- 

The Deparniient of Languages embraces the study of three branches: 
Latin. French and German. All students are required to take the courses 
in German and French; only students of the Classical Course in Latin. 

The course of study in Latin is given Avith two ends in view — first 
to train the growing mind into accurate and close methods of reasoning; 
second, to give the student a more thorough and comprehensive knowl- 



edge of his own language than he could otherwise acc[uire. Especial at- 
tention is paid to Latin syntax and idioms. The translation work of the 
course consists of Sallust, Virgil, Cicero, Horace, Livy, Tacitus and Juve- 
nal, besides other authors selected for sight reading. 

On account of the large percentiige of Germans in our population, 
a speaking knowledge of this language is very important, and esjiecial 
attention is given to conversation throughout the course. After the 
elements of the langiuige have been mastered, and a certain facility of 
translation acquired, the cla,*s is divided, and the students pursuing the 
Classical Course continue to translate from the works of classic German 
iiuthors, while the students of the Scientific Courses are given scientific 
Gennan for transilation. 

In French also, after the elementary work and grammar have Ijeen 
completed, the students of the Classical Course and those of the Scientific 
Courses ai-^ seijarated, the first selecting translations from French litera- 
ture, the scientific students work of a scientific nature. 

The department is well equipped as regards books and furniture. 

MILITARY DEPARTMEXT. 

The Military Department is a distinctive feature of the college. Bv 
special Acts of Congress provision is made for the maintenance of a De- 
partment of Miditary Science in each of the land-grant colleges. An 
othcer of the United States army is detailed to act as instructor and as 
Commandant of cadets. 

The Military Department of this college is in a most flourishing 
condition. All students upon entering, unless physically incapacitated, 
are enrolled in one of the three companies of the cadet battalion. Stu- 
dents are required to wear the prescribed uniform at all times when on 
duty. The discipline in barracks is entrusted to cadet officers under the 
supervision of the Commandant, and the discipline of the college is o-en- 
erally military in its nature. Promotion in this department is made ac- 
cording to merit and record in military matters. 

The practical instruction of the cadets consists of daily infantry drill, 
outpost duty and artillery drill. The study of tactics and lectures on 
military science constitute the class-room work of the department. 

The Military Department is a decided factor in the moral and physi- 
cal development of the student body. By encouraging habits of prompt- 
uess, obedience and neatness, and by its beneficial effects upon the car- 
riage and general health of the situdents, it adds materially to the useful- 



9.0 



21 



ness of the college as an edncational institution in tlie true sense of the 
Avord. 

PEEPARATOEY DEPARTMENT. 

Since the beginning of the present administration the college has 
innintained a preparatory department. While not desirous of encourag- 
ing the admission of very young students, it was found necessar.v to make 
some provision for those whose previous training in the essentials had 
been deficient, and who needed at least a year's careful instruction to pre- 
pare them for the work of the collegiate courses. This is the function of 
the Preparatory Department. The wisdom of the plan has been demon- 
strated by the excellent record made by the stiidents who have passed 
from it to the higher college classes. 

The curriculum of study is as follows: First tenn, arithmetic, alge- 
bra, political geography, English grammar, dictation, composition, Amer- 
ican history and botany. Second terra, arithmetic, algebra, history, bot- 
any, political geography, book-keeping and drawing. 

The students of this department are instructed in military tactics, 
and their quarters and treatment are in all respects the same as regular 
college students, except that so much permission to leave the college is 
not granted to preparatory students; they are required to study at night 
under the care of an instructor, and they retire at an earlier hour than the 
collegiate students. 

DEPAETMEXT OF PHYSICAL CULTUEE. 

The physical culture of the students is provided for by a regular 
course of instruction in the gymnasium, under the direction of a pro- 
fessor of athletics. The course is carefully planned, so as to develop 
gradually and scientifically the physical powers of each student. Begin- 
ning with tlie simplest calisthenic exercises, the instruction covers the 
whole field of light and heavy gymnastics and field and track athletics. 

The equipment and arrangement of the gymnasium is very com- 
plete, and the interest manifested by the students is a sufficient proof 
of the success of this department. While desiring to make the work in 
the gymnasium of practical value to all the students, the required work 
only extends through the Preparatory, Freshman and Sophomore years. 
After that, athletics as a part of a student's course is entirely optional. 

A valuable adjunct to this department has been the College Athletic 
Association, of which mention is made under the head of "Student Or- 
ganizations." 



THE COLLEGE LIBRARY. 

The college library may properly be regarded as one of the depart- 
nients of the institution, as its aid for purposes of reference and its in- 
riuence upon the mental development of the students must always be felt 
throughout all courses. The present quarters of the library, while ade- 
<[uate for its immediate needs, will necessarily be too limited in the 
course of time. The reading room is well arranged and lighted, and is in 
all respects comfortable and convenient. 

AVhile the library is not large, the collection of works has been care- 
fully chosen, and the shelves contain a fair supply of works of referenci', 
history, biography, essays, poetry and the standard works of fiction. 
Several hundred volumes of bound government reports form an import- 
ant addition to the reference works of the library. Almost all the lead- 
ing magazines and a large number of newspapers are subscribed for. 

COUESES OF STUDY. 

In order to systematize the work of the numerous departments of 
the college, and as far as possible arrange for specialization within the 
limits consistent with the normal development of individual students, 
four distinct courses of study have been prescribed, one of which the 
student is expected to chose upon entering the collegiate department. 
These courses are the Agricultural, Mechanical Engineering. Scientific 
and Classical. In three of these, the Agricultural, ]\rechanical Engineering 
and Classical, a continuous and progressive course of work, beginning in 
the Freshman year, and gradually narrowing in the three succeeding 
years until the class work is almost wholly s])ecialized, has been found to 
be most satisfactoi-y. A broad and liberal foundation is first laid in the 
Freshman and Soijhomore years, and then the particular study desired — 
agriculture, mechanics or the classical branches — is emphasized more 
and more until the end of the course. 

In the Agricultural Course the main study is scientific agriculture in 
all its various branches. The detailed statement of the arrangement of 
the course is given on another page. The object of the course is to ac- 
quaint young men who propose to engage in farming with the results of 
recent investigation and research, in order to enable thcni to engage in 
])ractical general farming, dairying or stock-raising, in accordance witli 
the best known methods of modern times. The course leads to the De- 
gree of Bachelor of Science. 



m 



2Z 



The Short Winter Course in Agriculture is especiall}' designed for tho^e 
who have neither the time nor the opportunity to take the regular four 
years' course. In fact, it is real!}' designed for those actually engaged in 
farming, and Avho can spare six or eight weeks during the winter to 
attend lectures and to follow the practical work of the college and sta- 
tion. The course embraces the following subjects: Farm crops, drain- 
age, stock-breeding, stock-feeding, manures, tobacco, dairy husbandry 
and chemistry, horticulture, entomologv', farm accounts, farm buildings. 
I arpentry and blacksmithing, veterinaiy science, the principles of citizen- 
ship and the elements of business law. The nominal charge of five dol- 
lars ($5.00) is made for the course. The entire expenses, including board, 
need not be over fifty dollars ($50.00). The course extends through the 
months of Januar}' and February. All details are in charge of W. T. L. 
Taliaferro, Professor of AgTiculture. 

The details of the Mechanical Engineering Course will be found on 
another page. The practical work of this coarse is most thorfnigh. The 
student is familiarized from the first with the use of the tools and imple- 
ments of wood and iron work. He is given daily practice in the shops, 
and is encouraged to develop whatever inventive talent he may have. It 
is believed that students completing this course will have no difficulty in 
securing employment after graduation in the field of mechanics or me- 



chanieal engineering. 
I 



The course leads to the Degree of Mechanical 



liniTJneer. 

The Classical Course was instituted to meet a xerv urgent demand 
on the part of the patrons of the college for a course of study which 
should prepare young men to enter the so-cialled learned professions. 
The course emphasizes the modern languages, Latin, niA^tholog}', English 
and civics and psychology, with a moderate amount of mathematics and 
the natural and physical sciences. The Degree of Bachelor of Arts is 
conferred upon its graduates. 

The Scientific Course is designed for those who desire to secure the 
advantages of a general liberal educaition, with the opportunity of special- 
izing in some line of modern science — chemistry, biology, pathology, 
entomology, veterinary science, physics, civil engineering or political 
science. The basis of the course is a thorough training in mathematics, 
English and the principles of citizenship and government. Owing to 
the ninnber of departments represented in this course, it is found neces- 
sary to begin dift'erentiation with a view to specialization in the Junior 
year. In the senior ve-Rr, as will be seen in the detailed outline of the 



course on another page, the work is arraiiged in a series of groups of 
studies, each group containing one major study and several minors. This 
i. the plan adopted bv most of the prominent and successful colleges of 
the present day, and ]u-esents the twofold advantage of concentration of 
the student's labor and opportunity for ample laboratory work. Tlie de- 
gree conferred for all branches of this course is Bachelor of Science. 

PROPOSED OUTLIXE OF COURSES. 

The outline of courses here proposed is purely provisional, and is 
subject to modification by the faculty. 

AfJRICULTURAL COURSE. 
FRESHMAN YEAR. 



FIRST TERM. 

Mathematics .l-Recitative. 

English 5-Recilative. 

Tactics 1-Recitative. 

Agriculture 8-Rechative. 

4-Practical. 

Horticulture 4-Practical. 

Elem Physics ;5-Recitative. 

Geology 3-Recitative. 



SECOKO TERM. 

Mathematics 5-Recitative. 

Eno^lish r)-Recitalive. 

Tactics 1-Recitative. 

Agriculture 3-Recitatiye. 

•^ 4-Practical. 

Mechanics 4-Practical. 

Horticuhure 4-Practical. 

German 3-Recitative- 



FIRST TERM. 

Mathematics 4-Recitative. 

'Pa^-tjcs 1 -Recitative. 

Agriculture ' 3-Recitative. 

(5 -Practical. 

English 4-Recitative 

Vet. Science 2-Recitative 

4-Practical. 
German 3-Recitalive 



SOPHOMORE YEAR. 

SECOND TERM. 
Horticulture 3-Practical. 



-pactics 1-Recitative. 

AgTiculture* 3-Recitative. 

6-Practical. 

Physiology 4-Recitative. 

Chemistry 4-Recitative. 

4-Practical. 
German 3-Recitative. 



FIRST TERM. 

Agriculture 2-Recitative. 

G-Practical. 

Chemistry 4-Recitative, 

4-Practical. 

Tactics •2-Recitative. 

Civics . .' ." 3-Recitative. 

Botany 2-Recitatiye. 

2-Practical. 

French '^ Recitative. 



JUNIOR YEAR. 

SECOKD TERM. 

Agriculture 2-Recitative. 



(►-Practical. 

Chemistry 4-Recitative. 

4-Practical. 

Tactics 2-Recitative. 

English 3-Recitative. 

Entomology 2-Recitative. 

2-Practical. 
French 3-RecitatLve. 



NoTK.— Tbe numbers refer to periods per week.^ 



'2-1 



25 



SENIOR YEAR. 



FIRST TERM. 

-Agriculture 2-Recitative. 

8-Practical 
Chemistry 2-Recitative. 

6-Practical. 
Pathology 2-Recitative. 

2-Practical. 

Tactics 2-Recitative 

French 3-Recitative. 



SECOND TERM. 

Agriculture 3-Recitative. 

8-Practical. 
Chemistry 2-Recitative. 

G-Practical. 
Economics 4-Recitative. 

Tactics 2-Recitative. 

Scien. German 3-Recitative. 



SENIOR 

FIRST TERM. 

Mechanics 2-Recitative. 

10-Practical. 

Drawing 4-Practical. 

Mathematics 3-Recitative. 

Physics ... 2-Kecitative. 

4-Practica]. 
Tactics 2-Recitative. 



YEAR. 

SECOND TERM. 

Mechanics 2-Recitative. 

10-Practical. 

Drawing 4 Practical. 

Photo, and Metal... .<)-Practical. 
Economics 4-Recitative. 

Tactics 2-Recitative. 



]\IECHAXICAL EXGINEEEIXG COUIJSE. 



FRESHMAN YEAR. 



FIRSTjsTERM. 

Mathematics 5-Recitative. 

English 5-Recitative. 

Tactics 1-Recitative. 

Mechanics 2-Recitative. 

(i-Practical. 

Drawing 4-Practical. 

Elem. Piiysics 3-Recitative. 

Geology 3-Recitative. 



SECOND TERM. 

Mathematics 5 -Recitative. 

English i)-Recitative. 

Tactics 1-Recitative. 

Mechanics 2-Recitative. 

(i-Praclical. 

Drawing 4-Practical. 

H istory S-Recitative. 

German o-Recitative. 



SOPHOMORE YEAR. 



FIRST TERM. 

Mathematics 4-Recitative 

Mechanics 2-Recitative. 

8-PracticaI. 

Drawing 4-Practical 

Tactics 1-Recitative. 

English 4-Recitative. 

German 3-Recitative. 



SECOND TERM. 

Mathematics 4-Recitative- 

Mechanics 2-Recitative- 

()-Practical. 

Drawing 4-Practical. 

Tactics 1-Recitative- 

Chemistry 4-Recitative. 

4-Practical. 
German 3-Recitative- 



JUNIOR YEAR, 



FIRST TERM. 

Mathematics 5-Recitative. 

Mechanics 2-Recitative. 

8-Practical. 

Drawing 4-PracticaI 

Tactics 2-Recitati\e. 

Civics 3-Recitative. 

French 3-Recitative. 

Note.— The nuinbeis refer to periods per week. 



SECOND TERM. 

Mathematics 5-Recitative. 

Mechanics 2-Recitative. 

8-Practical. 

Drawing 4-Practical. 

'f'actics 2-Recitative. 

F^nglis'i 3-Recitative. 

Pliysics 4-Recitative. 



CLASSICAL COLHSE. 



FRESHxMAN YEAR. 



FIRST TER.M. 

^Mathematics 5-Recitative. 

English 5-Recitative. 

Tactics 1-Recitative. 

Latin (i-Recitative. 

History 4-Recitative. 

Elem. Physics :^-Recitative 

Geology 3- Recitative 



SECOND TERM. 

Mathematics ."i-Recitative. 

English (j-Recitative. 

Tactics 1-Recilative. 

Latin (i-Recitative. 

History 5-Reciiative. 

German 3-Recitative. 



SOPHOMORE YEAR. 



FIRST TERM. 

English 6-Recitative. 

Latin 8-Recitative 

Tactics 1-Recitative. 

History 5-Recitative 

Mathematics 4-Recitative, 

German 3-Recitative. 



SECOND TERM. 

English. . . (i-Recitative. 

Latin 6-Recitative. 

Tactics 1-Recitative. 

History .. 3-Recitative. 

Chemistry 4-Recitative. 

4-Practical 
German :!-Recitalive. 



JUNIOR YEAR. 



FIRST VEAR. 

Latin 8-Recitative. 

English 8-Recitative. 

Civics 3-Recitative. 

Tactics 2-Recitative. 

French 3-Recitative. 



SECOND TERM. 

Latin S-Recitative. 

Enjilish ^-Recitative. 

Civics 4-Recitative. 

Tactics 2-Recitative. 

French o-Reciiative 



SENIOR YEAR. 

FIRST TERM. SECOND TERM. 

Latin 8-Recitative. Latin 8-Recitative. 

English 8-Recitative. English S-Recitative. 

Psychology 4-Recitative. Psychology 3-Recitative. 

French 3-Reciiative. Economics 4-Recitative. 

Tactics — 2-Recitative. Tactics 2-Recitative. 

Note.— The numbers refer to periods per week.. 



26 



i i 



/ 



GENERAL SCIENCE COURSE. 
FRESHMAN YEAR. 



FIRST TERM. 

Mathematics 5-Recitative. 

English 5-Recitative. 

Tactics 1-Recitative. 

Elem Physics 3-Recitative. 

Drawing 4-Practical. 

Horticulture 4-Practical. 

Geology 8-Recitative. 



SECOND TERM. 

Mathematics o-Recitative. 

English 5-Recitative. 

Tactics 1-Recitative. 

Horticulture 4-Practical. 

Drawing 4-Practical. 

History 3-Recitative. 

German 3-Recitative. 



SOPHOMORE YEAR. 



FIRST TERM. 

Mathematics 4-Recitative. 

English 4-Recitative. 

Tactics i-Recitative. 

History 5-Recitative. 

Vet, Science 2-Recitative. 

4-Practical. 

Physiology 4-Recitative. 

German 3-Recitative. 



SECOND TERM. 

Mathematics 4-Recitative. 

English 3-Recitative. 

Tactics 1-Recitative. 

Chemistry 4-Recitative. 

4-Practical. 
Botany 4-Recitative. 

4-Practical. 
German 3-Recitative. 



FIRST TERM. 

Chemistry 4-Recitative. 

10-Practical. 

English 4-Recitative. 

Civics 3-Recitative. 

French 3-Recitative. 

Tactics 2-Recitative. 



JUNIOR YEAR. 
I.— Chemical Section. 

SECOND TERM. 
Chemistry 2-Recitative. 

8 -Practical. 

English 3-R ecitative- 

Mineralogy 2-Recitative. 

2-Practical. 

French 3-Recitative. 

Tactics 2-Recitative. 

Metallurgy 4-Practical. 



II. — Biological Section. 



FIRST TERM. 

Zoology 4-Recitative. 

6-Practiral. 

English 4-Recitative. 

Botany 2-Recitative. 

2-Practical. 

Tactics 2-Recitative. 

French 3-Recitative. 

Civics 3-Recitative. 



SECOND TERM. 

Entomology 4-Recitative.. 

6-Practical. 

English 3-Recitative. 

Botany 4-Recitative. 

4-Practical. 

Tactics 2-Recitative^ 

French 3-Recitative. 



III. — Physical Section. 



FIRST TERM. 

Mathematics 5-Recitative. 

Chemistry 4-Recitative. 

4-Practical 

Surveying 6-Practical. 

Civics 3-Recitative. 

Tactics 2-Recitative. 

French 3 Recitative. 



SECOND TERM. 

Mathematics 3-Recitative. 

Physics 4-Recitative. 

8-Practical. 

English 3-Recitative. 

Metallurgy 4-Practical 

Tactics 2-Recitative. 

French 8-Recitative. 



SENIOR YEAR. 
Groups For Election in the Several Sections. 

Group A.- Chemistry. 



FIRST TERM. 

Chemistry 3-Recitative. 

10-Practical. 

Physics 2-Recitative. 

4-Practical. 

French 6-Recitative. 

Tactics 2-Recitative. 



SECOND TERM. 

Chemistry 4-Recitative. 

12-Practical. 

Economics 4-Recitative. 

Scien. German S-Recitative. 

Tactics 2-Recitative. 

English 3-Recitative. 



Group B. — Biology. 



FIRST TERM. 

Biology 3-Recitative. 

10-Practical. 

Chemistry 2-Recitative. 

4-Practical. 

French 5-Recitative. 

Tactics 2-Recitative, 



SECOND TERM. 

Biology 4-Recitative. 

12-Practical. 

Economics, 4-Recitative. 

Scien. German 3-Recitative. 

English 3-Recitative. 

Tactics 2-Recitative. 



Group C— Pathology. 



FIRST TERM. 

Pathology 3-Recitative, 

10-Practical. 

Chemistry 2-Recitative. 

4-Practical. 

French 5-Recitative. 

Tactics 2-Recitative. 



SECOND TERM. 

Pathology 4-Recitative . 

12-Practical. 

Economics 4-Recitative. 

Scien. German 3-Recitative. 

Tactics 2-Recitative. 

English 3-Recitative. 



FIRST TERM. 

Entomologv 3-Recitative. 

10-Practical. 

Horticulture 2-Recitative. 

4-Practical 

French 5-Recitative. 

Tactics 2-Recitative. 



Group D,— Entomology . 

SECOND TERM. 

Entomology 4-Recitative. 

12-Practical. 

Economics . • 4-Recitative 

Scien. German 3-Recitative. 

Tactics 2-Recitative. 

English 3-Recitative. 



Group E.— Veterinary Science. 



FIRST TERM. 

Veterinary Science. . . 3-Recitative. 

10-Practical. 

Biology 8-Recitative. 

4-Practical. 

French 5-Recitative. 

Tactics 2-Recitative. 



SECOND TERM. 

Veterinary Science .. 4-Recitative. 

12-Practical. 

Economics 4-Recitative. 

Scien. German 8-Recitative 

Tactics 8-Recitative. 

English 3-Recitative. 



Group F. — Physics 

FIRST TERM. 

Physics 3-Recitative. 

lO-Ptacticai. 

Photography 0- Practical. 

French 5-Recitative. 

A actics 2-Recitative. 



SECOKD TERM. 

Physics 4-Recitative. 

12-Practical 

Economics 4-Recitative. 

Scien. German 3-Recitative. 

Tactics 2-Recitative. 

English 3-Recitative. 



29 



Group 6.— Civil Engineering. 



FIRST TERM. 

Civil Engineering 3-Recitative. 

10- Practical. 

Mechan. Physics 2-Recitative. 

4-Practical. 

Mathematics 5-Recitative. 

Tactics 2-Recitative, 



SECOND TERM. 

Civil Engineering 4-Recitative. 

12-Practical. 

Economics 4-Recitative. 

Mathematics 3-Recitative. 

Tactics 2-Recitative. 

English 3-Recitative. 



Group H. — Politioal Science. 



FIRST TERM. 

Political Science 5-Recitative 

4-Practical 

Const History .4-Recitative. 

2-Practical. 

Psychology 4-Recitative. 

French 5-Recitative. 

Tactics 2-Recitative. 

Note.— Tue numbers refei- 1 j periods per week. 



SECOND TERM. 

Political Science 5-Recitative. 

8-Practical. 

English 3-Recitative. 

Psychology 3-Recitative. 

Scien. German 3-Recitative. 

Tactics 2-Recitative. 



PURPOSE OF GROUPS. 

Group A is for students of the Chemical Section of the Junior Year. 

Groups B. C, D and E are elective for students of the Biological Section 
of the Junior Year. 

Groups F and G are elective for students of the Physical Section of the 
Junior Year. 

Group H is elective for all students of the Course, upon conditions to be 
hereafter determined. 



I{I-:QrJKE-\lEXTS FOR AI):\I1S8I()X. 

For a(lmi>^sion to the eolkg-o dej)artiiH'iit — J-'reslunau class — an 
entrance examination is reciiiirecl. This examination will be held at the 
college on September Kith, ITth and 18th. The applicant will be ex- 
pected to pass a satisfactory examination in the following subject.-^: 
English grammar, comi)osition and .anialysis. Ignited States history, arith- 
inetic (complete), algebra (as far as quadratics), i)olitical and physical 
goographv. A nMrkof TO per cent, is necessary to pass. For entrance to 
the Preparatory Department the requirements are: ]^]nglish grammar, 
iU'ithmetic (as far as percentage), Fnited States history and political 
o-eooTa])hv. 

Every applicant for admission to the college must bring satisfactory 
testimonials as to character and previous scholarship from one or more 



persons qualified so to speak — ^liis former teacher, pastor or neighbor 
acquainted with his general reputation. This will be absolutely insisted 
upon. Xo student need apply for entrance who cannot fui-nish such cre- 
dentials. 

Applicants iov admission to higher classL's than the Fri'shman must 
l)e prepared to take an examination equivalent to tlvat given at the col- 
lea'e for promotion to such classes, or must present cei'tificales from 
county or city schools covering the work of the lowei- college classes. 

rRo:\roTiox. 

In order to pass from one class to the next higher (hiss a student is 
required to pass the yearly examination by a mark of at least (10 per 
(•ent. in each study, and to have a eondnned mark in eat-li brancli (daily 
and examination) of at least 70 per cent. A failure in not more than two 
branches will enable a student to pass to the next class with conditions 
in those studies in which he has failed; but in ever}'^ case the .student is 
required to make good such failures during the next year. 

It has been found necessar}- to make some regulations to provide for 
cases of using unfair means in examinations. The faculty, therefore, has 
au'reed upon the following rule, which will Ix' rigidly adheivd to: "Any 
student detected in so doing will be required to surrender his ])a])ers. and 
will not under any circumstances be given another examination in that 
]iartieular study." 

SCHOLAKSnirS. 

The college offers a nimiber of free-scholar.ships — three f;)r r)alti- 
niore city and one for each county of the State. These sch()lars]ii|)s are 
awarded to the successful candidate in com])etitive examinations con- 
ducted by the Superintendent of Public Instruction of P>altimore Ciry and 
in the counties by the County Examiner. All scholarshi]) students must 
be prepared for entrance to the Freshman clas.s, and are i-ecjiured to take 
the regular entrance examination. Each scholarshi]) is good for four 
years, or for such part thereof as the holder remains at the college. It 
is then again open for competition. The cost ])er year foi- scholarship 
students will be found under the head of student-exi>enses. 

The following is an extract from the by-laws of the J^x^ard of Trus- 
tees, relating to scliolarships: 

"Persons holding certificates of scholar.shi]). must present 
''themselves at the college, or other designated place, at the date which 



30 



31 



<e. 



may be namefl, in the 8epteml)er or Janiiaiy next following the award, 
*'and he examined by college authorities for entrance to tlie Freshman 
"class. ^Vlternates are to be thus examined as well as principals, and in 
"case of a failure of the ])rincipal to secure or hold the scholarship, the 
^'alternate will have the first ]-ight to the place, if within a year from 
"date of the certificate of award." 

"Persons holding certitieates of scholarship, must, in order to se- 
"cure the same, pass the entrance examination of the college, and (if 
'"entering in January) such other examination as may be required to Join 
^^fhe Freshman class. Every one must declare his intention of complet- 
""ing the prescribed course of study of the college, provided he retains Ms 
"scholarship, and nnist make an advanced payment of $15 on the year's 
""acconnt. And to hold a scholarship, the stiident must make the subse- 
"quent payments and meet such requirements of the college as to scholar- 
*'ship and deportment, as may be prescribed by the President and fac- 
*'ulty. By passing special examinations, candidates for scholarships may 
■"be permitted to enter the Sophomore class." 

DISCIPLINE AND EEGULATIOXS. 

The discipline of the college, as has been stated, is generally mili- 
tan- in its character. Students are under the control of cadet officers, 
subject to the direction of the oflicer in charge, who makes a daily report 
to the (*ommandant of cadets. The final authority, however, in all cases, 
is the President of the college. 

All students are expected to conduct themselves as young gentle- 
men -worthy of respect and confidence. Upon entrance each one is re- 
(juired to give his word that he will comply with all the rules and regula- 
tions of the institution. A copy of these rules is then given him, and he 
is held responsible for all acts in disregard thereof. Cadet oliicers in re- 
ceiying the honors Avhich promotion implies, accept with them obliga- 
tions and duties which they are bound to regard. This is the key-note of 
student government. Failure in duty means necessarih' forfeiture of con- 
fidence and trust. 

Punishment for trivial breaches of regulations consists of depriva- 
tion of privileges, confinement to grounds or rooms or special military 
duties; for aggravated offences the punishment may be suspension or ex- 
pulsion, at the discretion of the Faculty and the President. 

Frequent absences from the college are invariably of great disadvan- 
tage to the student, in breaking in upon the continuity of his work, and 



in distracting his mind from the main purpose of his attendance at the 
institution. Parents are therefore earnestly asked to refrain from grant- 
ing fre(|uent requests to leave the college. 

Quarterly reports are sent to each parent, showing the student's 
progress in class work and his general standing as to conduct, etc. At 
the end of the year a detailed report of the year's work is made. 

STUDENT ORGANIZATIONS. 

Student clubs for social, literary and athletic purposes, are encour- 
aged as means of creating class and college pride and increasing an esprit 
(le corps among the students. Each has its own organization in which 
matters relating to class work are discussed and directed. Officers are 
elected, and the unity of the class is strictly preserved. This has been 
found to be a decided aid to discipline, and tends to raise the standard of 
student honor. 

Among the successful student societies are the Mercer Literary So- 
ciety, which has accomplished much good during the past year, the M. 
A. C. Athletic Association, which controls and directs the work of the 
College Athletic Team, the Rossbourg Club, a social organization, the 
Glee Club, the Mandolin Club, and the Cadets' Annual, an organization 
of the Senior Class, which publishes an annual magazine. The first two 
uimibers of this Annual, "The Reveille" for 1896-07 and 1897-98, were 
most creditable publications. 

STUDENT EXPENSES. 

The expenses of the college year for the several classes of students 
are as follows: 

REGULAR STUDENTS. 

Board, heat, light, room and books $150.00 

I>aboratory fee G.OO 

Physician's fee 4.00 

Breakage fee 5.00 

Total cost $165.00 ! 



33 



SniOLAKSHIP STUDENTS. 

Bonn], heat, light, room and books $70.00 

Laboratory foe G.OO 

riiysieian's fee 4.00 

Breakage fee ! 5.00 

Total cost $85.00 

DAY STVDEXTS. 

Room, heat and books $24.00 

Laboratory fee ().00 

Breakage foe ! 5.00 

Total cost $35.00 

TIME OF PAYMENT. 

For Eegidar Students. — 

$40.00 (and the fees) on entrance: $40.00 on Xovember 15th; $40.00 
on February 1st; $30.00 on April 1st. 

For Scholarship Students. — 

$35.00 (and the fees) on entrance: $35.00 on February 1st. 

For Day Students.: — 

$12.00 (and tlie I'eei^) on entrance, and $12.00 on February 1st. 

EXPLAXATIOX OF FEES. 

The laboratory foe is intended to cover the cost of the materials- 
and a])])aratus consumed by the student in practical laboratory work. 

The physician's fee is to provide for the attendance of the regular 
college ])hvsician in all ordinary cases of sickness. 

The breakage fee is to cover all losses to the college caused by 
careless breakage or otherwise by the students. Each loss is divided pro- 
portionately among the students, and the unused balance of each fee re- 
funded at the close of the year. In case the loss is known to be caused 
by any particular student, the whole amount is charged to his account. 

Except in cases of extended illness, no money will be refunded for 
long continued absence or withdrawal from the college. 

Students entering late in the session will be charged according to the 
date of entrance. 



ARTICLES NECESSARY TO BE PROVIDED. 

All students arc required to provide themselves with tlie following 
[articles, to be brought from home or purchased from the 'Quartermas- 
ter's department at the college: — 
1 dozen white collars, uniform. 
(5 pair white gloves, uniform. 
(3 pair white cuffs, uniform. 

1 pair blankets. 

3 pair sheets. 

4 pillow cases. 

2 blue bed-spreads, uniform. 
G towels. 
1 chair, uniform. 

The room-mates together purchase the following articles: — 
1 set of lamp fixtures, uniform. 

1 pitcher and basin, uniform. 

2 table-cloths, uniform. 
1 broom, uniform. 
1 looking glass, uniform. 
1 bucket, uniform. 
1 blacking-box cu])board. uniform. 
All the articles marked uniform in the foregoing list can best be 

jpurchased at the (juartermaster's department after the student arrives 
[at the college. The cost of the entire list should not be more than $10.00 
|for the year. 

UNIFORM. 
The cadet uniform of substantial grey cloth, which is required to 
jbe worn by students at all times, is made by contract with the tailors at 
la nmch lower price than it could be furnished to individuals. The stu- 
dent's measure is taken after he arrives at the college, and the fit is guar- 
jantecd. The cost of the entire outfit, — coat, trousers and cap, is about 
|$14.39. Payment must be made for this at the time of entrance. 

For further particulars as to entrance, examination, expenses, etc., 
laddress: 

R. W. SILVESTER, President, 

Maryland Agricultural College, 

College Park, Maryland 
Express Office, College Station, B. & 0. R. R. Telegraph Office, 
iHyattsville, Md. 



34 



3o 



J AVORK OF THE ALUMXI ASSOCIATION. 

The Alumni Association was organized on Jnne loth, 1S93. ITntii 
that time, although the need of such an organization was keenly felt, 
there had never been an alumni association in connection with the col- 
lege. Through the efforts of a few of the graduates of the college, who 
had shown an active interest in its affairs, an organization was effected, 
and the first regular meeting was held at the college. The association 
since that time has held regular annual meetings, elected officers and 
transacted such business as was brought before it. The present officers, 
elected in June, 1898, are: Mr. F. B. Bomberger, '94-, president; Mr. A. ('. 
Tolsion, '88, vice })resident; Mr. AYni. W. Skinner, '95, secretary and 
trea.su re r. 

The object of the alumni association, as briefly set forth in the ])re- 
amble of its constitution, is to "take an active and earnest interest in the 
welfare of the Maryland Agricultural (*ollege, and to lend its best efforts 
in endeavoring to make it an institution second to none of its character 
in the United States, etc.," and it is along these lines that the Assciation 
means to exert its influence. 

The association is yet in its infancy. The first few years of its 
carreer have been spent chiefly in ])roviding the ways and means for its 
existence, and in perfecting its organization. Necessarily, then, its ef- 
forts to ])romote the success and prosperity of the college have been 
slight. But now that the permanence of the organization is assured, it i- 
to be expected that the association will make its influence felt. Moving ' 
along the lines of its avowed aims, it may become a great power in the 
promotion of college work. Already it has shown an active interest in 
the progress of the college, by offering medals to those students showing 
proficiency in three different departments. This is a slight testimonial 
of the kindly interest which the Alumni Association feels for the col-j 
lege, and is an earnest of future effort for its advancement. 

It is the intention of the association to continue this work. Feelint 
that the standard of scholarship of the whole school must necessarily bo; 
elevated bv anv incentive to individual effort, it has been decided to con-j 
tinue the giving of medals; and next year three gold medals will be ol-j 
fered by the association to three students showing especial proficiency in] 
the literary societies, and in two other departments of college work, yet toj 
be determined. 

The organization of the association is not yet complete. It is hoped! 
that every graduate of the college may ere long be enrolled as a member, j 



jAs it is desired to have t)he association grow, in order that it may liave 
Itlie influence necessary to accom])]is]i the work mapped out for it, all 
|<n-aduates and former students are retniested to couimunicate to the secre- 
Itarv any information which they possess concerning the uiembers of their 
j respective classes, who may not be members of the association. Members 
I of the association are also re(piested to notify the secretary of any change 
lin their addresses. 



Graduates of 1898 and Degrees Conferred. 



Claudius Valerius Allnutt, - - Rockville, Montgomery Co., Md. 

DEGKEB OF A. B, 

D'Arcy Cornwall Barnett, - - Cambridge, Dorchester Co., Md. 

DEGREE OF A. B. 

Clarence Rudolph BurrouCxHS, - - Harris Lot, Charles Co., Md. 

DEGREE OF B. S. 

George Washington Cameron, - - - Bay View, Cecil Co., Md. 

DEGREE OF B. S. 



Robert Edwin Dennison, 



DEGREE OP A. B. 



Washington, D. C. 



Edwin Trundle PicKERSON, - - Dickerson, Montgomey Co., Md. 

DEGREE OF A. B, 

Levin James Houston, Jr., - - - Stockton, Worcester Co., Md. 

DEGREE OF A. B. 

John Ambrose Lillibridge, - - Laurel, Prince George's Co., Md. 

DEGREE OF A. B. 

John Hanson Mitchell, - - - - La Plata, Charles Co., Md. 

DEGREE OF M. £. 

Will Curtis Nesbitt, - - - Brookville, Montgomery Co., Md. 

DEGREE OF B. S. 



George Peterson, 



DEGREE OF A. B. 



Mackall, Calvert Co , Md. 



Charles Henry Ridgely, - - - Sykesville, Howard Co., Md. 

DEGREE OF B. S. 

Philip Lightfoot Robb, - - . . port Royal, Caroline Co., Va. 

DEGREE OF B. S. 

Richard Peyton Whitely, - - Berwyn, Prince George's Co., Md. 

DEGREE OF A. B. 



Medals Awarded — Commencement J 898. 



Senior Class, - - - - - Edwin T. Dickerson. 

Gold Medal for Highest Standing for Entire Course. 

Junior Class, - - - - . d. F. Shamberger. 

Gold Medal for Highest Standing for Junior Year. 

Alumni Medal. ----.. Edward Barber. 

Gold Medal for Best Debater, Mercer Literary Society. 

Alumni Medal, . . . . . ^ p Shamberger. 

Gold Medal for Highest Standing in Mechanical Department. 

Alumni Medal . . . . . George W. Cameron. 

Gold Medal for Best Thesis in Scientific Course. 

Athletic Medal, - - - - - M. H. Galt. 

Gold Medal for Best Record in Track Athletics. 

Athletic Medal, - - - . - Levin Diricksox. 

Silver Medal for Second Record Track Athletics. 







39 



1{0^STE1I OF STUDENTS— SESSION OE 1897-98. 

SENIOK CLASS. ' 

Alnutt, C. T Dawsonville, m\. 

liarnett, I). C C.'hestertown, Md. 

Burroughf:, C. li Harris' I^t, Charles County, Md. 

Cameron, 0. W J'>ay View, Cecil County, Md. 

Diekerson, E. T Dickerson's, Md. 

Dennison, K. E Washington, D. C. 

Houston, L. J Stockton, Md. 

Lillibridge, J. A Laurel, Md. 

Mitchell, J. H La Plata, Md. 

Xesbitt, W. C Hrookeville, Md. 

Peterson, George Wallville, Md. 

liidgely, C. H Sykesville, Md. 

Kobb, P. L Port Koyal, Ya. 

Whitely, R Hranchville, :Md. 

Total, 14. 

JITNIOE CLASS. 

Blandford. J. C Clinton, Md. 

Church, Q College Park, Md. / • ' 

Collins, H. C Princess Anne, :Md. 

Combs, E. L l^onardtown, :Md. 

Eyster, J. A. E Baltimore, Md. 

Quit, M. H Taneytown, Md. -^:■■ 

Gorsuch, W. M Glencoe, Md. 

Gough, T. E ' • P>iidd's Creek, Md. 

Kenly, J. F Lerel, Harford County, Md. 

McCandlish, E. J Piedmont, W. Va. : 

Price, T. M Darlington, Md. ^ ' . ; 

Eobb, J. B Port Eoyal, Va. 

Sedwick, J. Baltimore, Md. 

Shamberger, D. F Shamburg, Md. . 

Shipley, J. H .College Park, Md. 

V .-;'.•_ ' ' ■ - 

OQ . " - •' \ 'I . . 



JUNIOR CLASS— Continued. 

Straughn, M. N Ingleside, Md. 

Thorne, J Friendly, P. 0., Md. 

Whitehill, L E Unionville, Md. 

Total, 18. 

SOPHOMOEE CLASS. 

Alvey, H Ilagorstown, Md. 

"barber, E Conway, Md. 

Bell, F. G Salisbury, Md. 

Borst, T. F Baltimore, Md. 

Brooks, C. J Brookland, I). C. 

Butler, K. H Frederick, Md. 

^Choate, E. S iiandallstown, ]\Id. 

Church, I (\)llege Park, Md. 

Dirickson, L Perlin, Md. 

"Ewens, A. E iialtimore, Md. 

Gibbons, F. A Washington D. C. 

Grason, A. S Towson, Md. 

(Jrotr, W. D Owings Mills, Md. 

-Hammond, W. A Baltimore, Md. 

V Harvey, ]\[. S Eandallstown, Md. 

Hines, F. B . Cliestertown, Md. 

.Jenifer, E. M .Loch Eaven, Md. 

Jones, J. A Dickerson's Md. 

^Keefauver, H. J Frederick, Md. 

.^r-essick, E. M Bethlehem, Md. 

Peach, S. M Mitchellsville, Md. 

Phelps, H. S Laurel, Md. 

Sappington, N Darlington, Md. 

Sudler, A. C Westover, Md. 

Talbott, W. H Willows, Md. 

^'meworthy, T Washington, I). C. 

AA'^eigand, W. H Ijcitersburg, Md. 

Williamson, H. A Cumberland, ]\Id. 

Total, 28. 



m 



FEESHMAN CLASS. 

IJrydon, S. R Baltimore, Md. 

C'ashell, D. W Clarkesville, Md. 

Cobey, W. W Graytown, Md. 

Dulany, G. L Baltimore, Md. 

Evans, J. T Ab<?rdeen, Md. 

Hardesty, J. T Collington, Md. 

Hildebrand, K Washington, D. C. 

Xininger, A. E Baltimore, Md. 

Perez, P. E Costa Eica, C. A. 

Peters, F. H Westley, Md. 

Peyton, J. Washington, D. C. 

Posey, A. A Faulkner, Md. 

Posey, W. F Fanlkner, Md. 

Eay, W. G Washington, D. C 

Eoberts, A. W Brightseat, Md. 

Eussell, J. H Clements, Md. 

Scott, A. N Milledgeville, Ga. 

Speake, E. E Eiverside, Md. 

Stanford, H. E Washington, 1). C. 

Wootton, E Poolesville, Md. 

Tiers, F. V. E Eockville, Md. 

Total, 21. 



PEEPAEATOEY CLASS. 

Jiouscaren, W Washington, 1). C. 

Browning, A. W Eiverdale, Md. 

Carroll, D. G Baltimore, Md. 

Calvert, C College Park, Md. 

Combs, B Leonardtown, Md. 

Cook, S. L Hyattsville, Md. 

DeLauder, E. C Boyd's, Md. 

Duvall, E. M Laurel, Md. 

Fa^vcett, W Colesville, Md. 

Harvey, J Cross Eoads, Md. 

Hyde, E. A Washington, D. C. 

Koch, J. H Bladensburg, Md. 

McGlone, F. L • .Baltimore, Md. 



41 



PEEPAEATOEY CLASS— Continued . 



Magruder, B Washington, J). C. 

]\Iangum, C. E Eiverdale, Md. 

Payne, W. H Washington, U. C. 

Eay, A. A Chillum, Md. 

Eollins, V. B Seat Pleasant, Md. 

Schacker, C. H Baltimore, ^Id. 

Stone, E. D Washington, D. C. 

Warfield, 0. C Baltimore, Md. 

Wheeler, H. S Fairland, ^Id. 

Wilkins, E. N Chestertown, Md. 

Total, 23. 

Total in all classes, 104. 



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