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Full text of "Circular of the Maryland Agricultural College"

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MARYLAND 



Agricultural Collcgc 




CATALOGUE. 



SESSION l599-'00. 




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MAPYLAND 



Agpicultural COLLKr. 




CATALOGUE. 



SI!55I0\' Io9y-'0(». 



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Board of Trustees. 



Members Ez-officio. 



Hon. Lloyd Lowndes, 
Hon. p. L. Goldsborough, 
Hon. George R. Gaither, 
Hon. Thos. J. Shryock, - 
Hon. J. Wirt Randall, 



Governor, President of the Board. 

- Comptroller of the Treasury, 

- Attorney General. 
State Treasurer. 

- President of the Senate. 
Speaker House of Delegates. 



Members Representing Stockholders. 

Hon. Murray Vandiver, Havre de Grace, Md. 

Hon Wilmot Johnson, Catonsville, Md. 

Chas B. Calvkrt, Esq , College Park, Md. 

Allen Dodge, Esq., Washington, I), C. • 

Chas. H. Stanley, Esq ,----- Laurel, Md. 



Members Appointed by the Governor. 

C. J. PuRNELL, Esq., - Snow Hill, Md. 

Hon. David Seibert, Clear Spring, Md. 

^V. S. Whiteford, Esq., . . . . . Harford Co., Md. 

J. M. Monroe, Esq., ------ Anne Arundel Co., Md. 

Hon. Chas. H. Evans, ------ Baltimore, Md. 

Chas. W. Slagle, Esq., ----- Baltimore, Md. 

'Vacant. 



STANDING COMMITTEES 

OF THE 

BOARD OF TRUSTEES. 



. COMMITTEE ON AGRICULTURE. 

Messrs. Stanley, Vandiver, Slagle, Seibert and Whiteford. 

COMMITTEE ON FINANCE, ■ : 

Messrs. Shryock, Stanley, Johnson, Monroe and Goldsborough, 

COMMITTEE ON EDUCATION, 

Messrs. Monroe, Dodge, Gaither, Randall and Evans. 

COMMITTEE ON FACILITIES FOR INSTRUCTION, 

Messrs. Johnson, Monroe and Evans. 

COMMITTEE ON AUDITING, 

Messrs. Vandiver, Shryock and Stanley. 

COMMITTEE ON EASTERN BRANCH, 

Messrs. Goldsborough, Purnell and Slagle. 

COMMITTEE ON BUILDINGS AND GROUNDS. 

Messrs. Whiteford, Calvert, Slagle, Stanley and Evans. 

EXECUTIVE COMMITTEE. v- 

Messrs. Stanley, Shryock, Monroe, Johnson, Vandiver, Goldsborough 
■ . and Whiteford. > 



Faculty of Instmction. 



% R.W.Silvester, 

President and Professor of Mathematics. 

. ... - Professor of English and Civics. 

fCLOuGH Overton, - 1st Lieut. U. S. Cavalry, Prof, of Military Science. 

W. T. L Taliaferro, Professor of Agriculture. 

Harry Gwinner, M. M. E., - Professor of Mechanical Engineering. 

H. B. McDonnell, M. D., B. S., - - - - Professor of Chemistry. 

Martin P. Scott, M. D., Professor of Biology • 

Henry Lanahan, A. B., - Professsor of Physics and Civil Engineering. 

James S. Robinson, - - - - - Professor of Horticulture. 

W. G. Johnson, A. M., Professor of Entomology. 

C. O. Townsend, Ph. D., - - Professor of Pathology and Botany. 

Thos. H. Spence, A. M., .... Professor of Languages. 

Samuel S. Buckley, M. S., D. V. S., - Professor of Veterinary Science. 

Henry T. Harrison, - . . Principal of Preparatory Department. 

F. P. Veitch, M. S., 1 

' I 

W. W. Skinner, M. S., y Assistants in Chemistry (State Work). 

J. R. Laughlin, B. S., j 

M. N. Straughn, B. S., - Assistant in Chemistry (Collegiate Work). 

F. B. Bomberger, B. S., - - Assistant in English and Mathematics. 
J. H. Mitchell, M. E., - - - Assistant in Mechanical Engineering. 
H. P. Gould, B. S., Assistant in Entomology. 

G. L. Stewart, B S , - - - Assistant in Pathology and Botany. 

Jos. R. Owens, M. D., Registrar and Treasurer. 

W. O Eversfield, M. D., ---,-- Physician in Charge. 

*Will be Supplied. 

t Absent with U. S. Army. ■:';_ 



Calendar 1899-1900. 



FALL TERM. 



September 21-28, 
September 25, 
October 13, 

November 17, 
December 8, 



Entrance Examinations. 

Monday, i) A. M., college work begins. 

Friday, meeting of the Board of Trustees. 

First quarter ends. 
Friday, meeting of the Board of Trustees. 



December 22-January 3, Christmas holidays. 



•^•f 



WINTER TERM. 

January 26, pirst term ends. 

January 29 February 7, .... First term examinations. 

February 8, - , Second term begins. 

March 9, - - - Friday, meeting of the Board of Trustees. 
March 29-April 3, Easter holidays 



SPRING TERM. 

April 13, ------- - Third quarter ends. 

May 25, - - Second term ends. 

May 28 June 8, Final examinations. 

June 8, ... Friday, meeting of the Board of Trustees. 

June 10, .... Sunday, baccalaureate sermon, 4 P, M. 

June 11, -- Class day. 

June 12, Alumni day. 

June 13, - - - Commencement day. Exercises 11 A. M. 



HISTORICAL SKETCH. 

As some misapprehension seems to exist in the mind of the general 
pubHc as to the exact nature of the instruction offered b}- the Maryland 
Agricultural College and the function of the institution as a part of the 
educational system of the State, it is thought advisable at this time to 
make some very definite statement of the precise character of the work 
of the College, its ra'tson (Vein,, and the aims and hopes of the present 
administration in endeavoring to carry out to the fullest extent the am- 
bitions and ideals of its founders. A brief account of the origin and 
history of the institution may serve to make clear its purpose and the 
scope of its work. 

The Maryland Agricidtural College was incorporated by an Act of 
the General Assembly of Maryland, dated March 6th, 1856. at a time 
when but one other such institution existed in the United States. Its 
express purpose was defined to be : "To instruct the youthful student in 
those arts and sciences indispensable to successful agricultural pursuit." 
Under the charter thus granted to a party of public-spirited private in- 
dividuals, the original college building was erected and its doors open- 
ed to students in the fall of 1859. For three years it was conducted as 
a private institution ; but in 1862 the Congress of the United 
States, recognizing the valuable work in the cause of practical 
education which such colleges were doing for the country, passed the 
"Land-grant Act,'' providing for the establishment and maintenance of 
agricultural colleges, by applying for that purpose a proportionate 
amount of unclaimed Western land, in place of scrip, to each state and 
territory in the Union. This grant having been formally accepted by 
the General Assembly of Maryland, and the Maryland Agricultural 
College being named as the beneficiary of the grant, the college thus 
became, in part at least, a State Institution, and such it is at the pres- 
ent time. 

In 1887 the Federal Congress passed a second important Act in 
aid of the agricultural interests, appropriating $15,000 a year for the 
establishment and maintenance of agricultural experiment stations. 
The jMaryland station was located on the college farm, and was made 
a department of the college. In 1892 the Board of Trustees so far 
separated it from the college as to put it under a special Director, who 
is directly responsible to the Board. The function of the Experiment 
vStation is the investigation of those agricultural problems of most in- 
terest and concern to the farmers of the State, and the pu1)lication and 
dissemination of the results of such experiments, in the form of bid- 
letins, for the information and guidance of those interested in agricul- 
ture. Since the inception of the Experiment Station its influence has 
steadily increased and its sphere of usefulness has constantly widened, 
until it is now a well recognized factor in the agricultural development 
of ]\Iarvland. 



8 

Once more, in 1892, the Federal Government came to the aid of the 
agricultural and mechanical colleges. ]^y the Act of Congress of that 
year an annual appropriation of $15,000, to be increased by $1,000 each 
year until the sum of ^25,000 was reached, was granted each state, to be 
applied to the further equipment and support of the agricultural and 
mechanical colleges. The primary object of this legislation was the de- 
velopment of the departments of agricultural and the mechanic arts 
and the branches kindred thereto. Maryland, as was the case in all the 
states of the South, in order to comply with the terms of the Act of 
Congress, divided this fund between the State Agricultural College and 
a somewhat similar institution for the education of colored students, 
located at Princess Anne, on the Eastern Shore of Maryland. 

During the last seven years the history of the college has been that 
of steady growth. This fact is evidenced by the increased numbers of 
students availing themselves of its facilities ; by the erection of many 
new buildings ; the library and gymnasium building, the new chemical 
laboratory, the mechanical engineering building, the Science Hall and 
the new college barn ; as well as by the establishment of the Depart- 
ment of Farmers' Institutes and the Departments of State Entomology 
and State Pathology. Under such favorable auspices the institutioti 
must continue to grow, and ultimately reach the status of being the 
most important factor in the agricultural and industrial development 
of the State. 

LOCATION AND DESCRIPTION. 

The Maryland Agricultural College is located in Prince George's 
County, Alaryland, on the line of the Washington Branch of the B. & 
O. R. R., eight miles from Washington, and thirty-two miles from 
Baltimore. At least ten trains a day from each city stop at College Sta- 
tion, thus making the place easily accessible from all parts of the State. 

The telegraph station is Hyattsville, connected with the college by 
a private telephone line. 

The college grounds front on the Baltimore and Washington turn- 
pike. The suburban town of Hyattsville is two and a-half miles to the 
south, and Laurel, the largest town in the county, is thirteen miles to 
the north, on the same road. Connection with Washington by the 
District and Suburban Electric Railway has recently been established. 

The site of the college is particularly beautiful. The buildings 
occupy the crest of a commanding hill, covered with forest trees, and 
overlooking the entire surrounding country. In front, extending to the 
turnpike, is a broad, rolling cam.pus, the drill ground and athletic field 
of the students. In the rear are the farm buildings and barn. A quar- 
ter of a mile to the northeast are the buildings of the Experiment Sta- 
tion. The college farm contains about three hundred acres, and is de- 
voted to the gardens, orchards, vineyard and to general farming. 

The main college building is of brick, five stories in height. It 
contains the students* quarters, mess hall, chapel, lecture rooms and 



ffices. The dormitories are large, well ventilated, and provided with 
lire escapes and bath and water rooms. x\ll the buildings are lighted 
'\ith gas and heated with steam from central plants on the col- 
lege grounds. During the past summer extensive improvements 
were made in the plumbing and sanitary arrangements of the 
j)uilding. An addition to the main building has been erected, contain- 
ing commodious bath rooms on each floor, with the most modern ap- 
jjliances for the comfort and health of the students. 

The Mechanical Engineering Department is located in a new two- 
story brick building, completed in 1896, and now thoroughly equipped. 
It contains workshops for carpentry and forging, machinery rooms, a 
drawing room, library and office. It is a model building of its kind. 

The new chemical building was completed in 1897, and is now 
thoroughly equipped. It contains several lecture rooms, laboratories 
for practical work and for the analysis of fertilizers, which work is as- 
signed to the Professor of Chemistrv at this college bv an Act of the 
General Assembly. He is thus the State Chemist. 

In 1894 the present building of the gymnasium and library was 
erected. The gymnasium on the ground floor is well furnished with 
modern athletic appliances. The library and reading room is on the 
second floor, and is a large, well lighted and convenient room for the 
purpose. 

One of the most noteworthy additions to the group of college 
])uildings is the new Science Hall, now completed. This building pro- 
vides ample accommodations for the Departments of Agriculture, 
Horticulture, Biology, Physics, Entomology, Pathology and Veteri- 
nary Science, thus relieving the pressure of close quarters from which 
these departments have suffered, and greatly extending their opportuni- 
ties for the development of high-grade scientific work. 

Another important improvement to the working facilities of the 
college and farm is the erection of a new and model barn. Especial 
attention is invited to the arrangement of this building, which is in 
many ways an example of an almost perfect general utility farm build- 
ing. 

The general appearance of the college grounds is exceedingly at- 
tractive. They are tastefully laid off in lawn and terraces, with orna- 
mental shrubbery and flower plots, and the view from the grove and 
campus cannot be surpassed. 

The location of the college is entirely healthful ; the sanitary con- 
ditions are excellent. No better proof of this can be given than that 
there has been no really serious case of illness among the students for 
nearly ten years. x 

GENERAL AIM AND PURPOSE. 

The Agricultural College is the State School of Science and Tech- 
nology. While seeking, first of all, to perform the functions of an agri- 
cultural college, its sphere of work has been widened to embrace all 



lO 

the sciences akin to agriculture and all the arts related to mechanical 
training. To these special and prominent lines of work have been add- 
ed such branches of study as are necessary for a liberal education, for 
the development of the intelligent citizen, and the making of the man 
of general culture. The purpose of this college is to give to young men 
anxious to prepare themselves for the active duties of life such training 
in the sciences or in the mechanical workshop as will enable them to 
take their places in the industrial world well prepared for the fierce 
competition of the day. 

Recognizing that such an education, in order to be of practical 
advantage to the many, must be offered at a cost within the means of 
all, the expenses for the year to the student have been reduced to the 
point where his college dues are not in excess of his ordinary daily ex- 
penses. It is to be remembered that the college is a State Institution, 
in part supported by the State, in part by the Federal Government, 
through its several endowment Acts, and that it is in no sense a money- 
making institution, but simply a medium of disbursement by the gov- 
ernment to those classes upon whom the safety and prosperity of the 
State so largely depend. 

While the college provides, as will hereinafter be explained, several 
distinct courses of instruction, looking to the special training of the 
student in agriculture, mechanical engineering, the natural and physical 
sciences and belle lettres, the fact is clearly kept in view that a sound 
foundation must be laid for each and every coiirse. Successful speciali- 
zation is only possible after the student has been prepared for it by a 
thorough training in the essentials. All education must be narrow and 
one-sided which does not provide for the general culture of the student, 
and which does not look first to the natural and normal development 
of the individual. The general working plan of the college may be 
thus described. It begins with the student in his first, or Freshman 
year, a systematic and carefully adjusted scheme of work, dififering but 
little in the several courses, and looking to his general development in 
mental strength, range of information and power of expression and 
thought. At the beginning of his second, or sophomore year, differen- 
tiation may be said to begin along those lines in which he shows most 
natural aptitude. This gradual specialization continues during his third 
or junior year, until in his last, or senior year, his work consists wholly 
of one or more closely connected topics in which he is thus able thor- 
oughly to prepare himself. With the present equipment of the labora- 
tories and mechanical workshops, a student is able to become so profi- 
cient in his chosen line of work that when he leaves the college a career 
is open to him, if he chooses to avail himself of it. 

The Agricultural College is legitimately the crowning point of the 
Public School System of Maryland. Its aim is to provide a higher 
education to the graduates of the county schools. To this end its curri- 
culum is adjusted to meet the preparation of such students. It is this 
class of young men that the college is especially desirous of reaching. 
Experience has shown that our most satisfactory students come as 



'L^-adiiates from the county schools ; and no effort will be spared to 
inake the transition from the high school or grammar school to the 
college a possible one for all those actuated by an earnest desire to com- 
plete their education. 

DEPARTMENTS— EQUIPMENT AND WORK. 

The following is a brief account of the equipment of the several 
departments of the college, and the general character of the instruction 
given in each. 

AGRICULTURAL DEPARTAIENT. 

Prof. W. T. L. Taliaferro. 

The Agricultural Department offers four courses — (a) a four-years' 
course leading to the degree of B. S. ; (b) a special two-years' course ; 
(c) a special creamery course ; (d) a six weeks' winter course. 

Outline of Four Years' Course, Freshman Year: 

First Session, Course I. — No. hours per week : 3 recitative, 4 prac- 
tical. The general principles of agriculture, including the composition 
of soils and plants, the mechanical conditions of soils, elementary drain- 
age, cultivation of the soil, plant reproduction, manures and fertilizers, 
rotation of crops, food and manure value of crops, farm live stock. 

This course aims to give a comprehensive, though elementary 
knowledge of the principles and practice of agriculture, and is arranged 
on the basis of a minimum of theory and a maximum of facts. Gulley's 
First Lessons in Agriculture is used as a text-book, but the greater part 
of the work is in the fields and stables. 

W. T. L. TALIAFERRO, Professor. 

Second Session, Course II. — No. hours per week, 2 recitative, 3 
practical, (a) Stock judging and the study of breeds of stock in detail, 
including history, purpose and characteristics of the principal breeds. 
Curtis' "Horses, Cattle, Sheep and Swine" is used as a text-book, 
but is combined with a critical comparative study of the College and 
Station live stock. 

Spring crops, preparation of land for cultivation, fertilization. 
Text-book, Morrow & Hunt's "Soils and Crops," in connection with 
laboratory work and field notes on the spring work on the College 
and Station farms. 

W. T. L. TALIAFERRO, Professor. 

Sophomore Year, First Session, Course III. — No. hours per week: 
2 recitative, 3 practical, (a) Fall crops, preparation of land for, fertili- 
zation, planting, harvesting, conducted by text-book (Morrow & 
Hunt's "Soils and Crops"), laboratory work and systematic field notes ; 
(b) the study of the physical and chemical conditions of soils in their 
relation to agriculture. The soil is the basis of all agriculture and a 



12 

knowledge of its properties and functions cannot be too strongly em- 
phasized. The study of this important subject is conducted by mean? 
of laboratory and field work, lectures and text-book (Prof. King's "Tht 
soil." 

W. T. L. TALIAFERRO, Professor. 

Second Session, Course IV. — No. hours per week : 2 recitative, 3 
practical, (a) The study of soils continued ; (b) farm drainage ; practica 
work and text-book (Waring's "Drainage for Profit and Health") : 
(c) farm machinery and cultivation of spring crops. Lecture and prac- 
tice work, field notes. 

W. T. L. TALIAFERRO, Professor. 

Junior Year, Second Session Course V. — No. hours per week: 2 
recitative. The principles of stock breeding. The wonder- 
ful success which has attened the efforts of well-informed 
and judicious breeders on the one hand, and on the other 
the great number of practically worthless animals to be found in 
the country, clearly illustrate the need on the part of the general farmer 
for a more intimate knowledge of, and a closer attention to, the prin- 
ciples which underlie this important branch of farming. Miles' "Stock - 
r>reeding'' is the text-book in the course, but is reinforced by the study 
of the breeding and records of noted animals in all the principal breeds. 

W. T. L. TALIAFERRO, Professor. 

Senior Year, First Session, Course VI. — Hours per week : 10. (a) 
Stock-feeding ; lectures and practical work ; reference books, Henry's 
''Feeds and Feeding," Stewart's "Feeding Animals," Experiment Sta- 
tion and United States Agricultural Department bulletins ; (b) fertil- 
izers and soil fertility ; text-books, Roberts' "Fertility of the Land" ; (c) 
farm accounts and management ; lectures and practical work. 

W. T. L. TALIAFERRO, Professor. 

Second Session, Course VII. — No. hours per week, 10. (a) Dairy. 

MR. DOANE, Professor. 

(b) Farm specialties, pordtry, bee-keeping, ,forestry, &c., thesis 
w^ork. 

DEPARTMENT OF MECHANICAL ENGINEERING. 

Prof. Gwinner, and J. H. Mitchell, Assistant. 

FRESHMAN YEAR. 
First Session Course I. 

Mechanical Drawing: — Two-hour lectures and recitations. Four 
hours practice in problems of projections and copying of details of rna- 



liinery; the plates upon completion being enclosed in neat covers 
j)roperly titled by the student. 

Text-Book : — Rouillion's "Mechanical Drawing." 

MR. MITCHELL. 

Technical Instruction : — Two hours per week. Lectures and recita- 
tions on the necessity of mechanical drawing in its relation to shop 
work and the explanation of the reading of drawings in connection 
with the finished product. The proper cutting of angles, care and ad- 
justment of wood-working tools. Wood : — Its shrinking, warping and 
how to correct and prevent it. Relative strength of joints. 

Text Book:— Goss' "Bench Work in Wood." 

MR. MITCHELL. 

Laboratory Work : — Six hours per week. Uses of the ordinary 
carpenter tools in the manufacture of ordinary joints and small tables; 
exercises in the principles of wood turning. 

PROF. GWINNER. 

Second Session Course II. 

Mechanical Drawing: — Six hours practice per week. Draw- 
ing the details of simple machines and various styles of lettering suit- 
able for commercial work. 

Text Book: — Rouillion's "Mechanical Drawing." 

MR. MITCHELL. 

,- Laboratory Work : — Six hours per week. Exercises in the mak- 
ing of glue and doweled joints, as used in pattern making and cabinet 
work. Inside and outside chucking for wood turning. The making of 
patterns for one or more sets of machines. 

PROF. GWINNER. 

SOPHOMORE YEAR. 

First Session Course III. 

Mechanical Drawing : — Four hours per week. Care and manipu- 
lation of drawing instruments and materials. Free-hand sketching of 
details of machiner}' and drawing to scale from these sketches. 

Text Book : — Anthony's "Mechanical Drawing." 

MR. MITCHELL. 

Technical Instruction: — One hour per week. Lectures on the 
manufacture and management in the forge of iron and steel. 

MR. MITCHELL. 



14 

Elementary Applied Mechanics : — Three hours per week. Under 
this branch of science is studied the transmission of power by belts an 1 
pulleys, the results of forces acting upon bodies, bolts, nutsand screw;-, 
hydraulic jack, inclined plane and the laws of friction. 

Text Book: — ^Jamieson's "Applied Mechanics." 

PROF. GWINNER. 

Laboratory Work: — Four hours per week. Exercises in black- 
smithing; which include the elementary operations of drawing out, 
upsetting, bending and welding of iron and the making and tempering 
of steel tools. - ■ 

MR. MITCHELL. 

Second Session Course IV. 

Mechanical Drawing: — Four hours per week. Tracing and blue 
printing and the representation of flat and round surfaces by ink-shad- 
ing. 

Text Book: — Anthony's "Mechanical Drawing." 

MR. MITCHELL. 

Laboratory Work : — Six hours per week. Molding and casting 
in iron and management of the cupola during the process of melting 
and pouring off of iron. 

MR. MITCHELL. 
JUNIOR YEAR. 
First Session Course V. 

Machine Drawing: — Four times per week. Elementary machine 
drawing, tracing and blue printing. 

Text Book: — Anthony's "Machine Drawing." 

PROF. GWINNER. 

Laboratory Work : — Six hours per week. Elementary principles 
of vise and machine work, which inckide turning, planing, drilling, 
chipping and filing. This is preceded by a study of the different ma- 
chines used in the machine shops. 

MR. MITCHELL. 

Second Session Course VI. 

Descriptive Geometry: — T\vo hours per week. Its relation to 
mechanical drawing, and solution of problems relating to magnitudes 
in space, bearing directly upon those mostly needed by the engineer. 

Text Book : — Faunce's "Descriptive Geometry." 

PROF. GWINNER, 



Steam Engines and Boilers : — Three hours per week. The prin- 
ciples of the steam eng-ine and a study of the prominent types of mod- 
ern engines. The slide valve and valve diagrams. The indicator and 
its diagrams. Steam boilers — the various types and their advantages 
and the method of construction. 

Text Book: — ^Jamieson's "Steam Engines," Low's "Power Cate- 
chism. 

PROF. GWINNER. 

Elementary Machine Design : — Four hours per week. The de- 
signing of bolts, nuts, screws and wrenches. 

Text Book: — Low's "Introduction to Machine Drawing and De- 



sign. 



MR. MITCHELL. 



Laboratory Work : — Four hours per week. Continuation of ele- 
ments of vise and machine work of Course \'. 

^ MR. MITCHELL. 

SENIOR YEAR. 

First Session Course VI F. 

Machine Design : — Four hours per week. The calculation and de- 
sign of pipes, riveted joints, belt and tooth gearing. 

Text P)Ook : — Low & Bevis' "JNIachine Drawing and Design." 

PROF. GWINNER. 

Lal>oratory Work : — Eight hours per week. Advanced machine 
work. The laying out. assembling and construction of some piece of 
machinery — such as an engine, lathe or dynamo. 

PROF. GWINNER AND MR. MITCHELL. 

Second Session Course \lll. 

Testing Laboratory: — From two to four hours per week. A 
course in experimental engineering. The micrometer and its uses, oil 
testing, determining the co-efficient of friction, the calibration of the 
planimeter and steam gauges, slide valve setting and indicator practice. 

PROF. GWINNER AND MR. AIITCHELL. 

Engine Designing: — Six hours per week. The calculation, de- 
signing and executing the working drawings of the various parts of a 
well-known type of stationary steam engines. 

PROF. GWINNER AND MR. MITCHELL. 



i6 

Laboratory Work : — Eight hours per week. Advanced machin 
work, being a continuation of Course VII. 

PROF. GWINNER AND MR. MITCHELL. 

Tours of Inspection : — The members of the Senior Class go to Bal 
timore or Washington, for the purpose of inspecting well-known man 
ufacturing plants. 

- EQUIPMENT. 

The Mechanical Engineering Laboratory is a two-story brick build 
ing. 45 feet by 60 feet, contains the carpenter, forge and foundry, ant- 
machine shops, one drafting and two lecture rooms. An annex, 25 feel 
by 50 feet, contains two 60-horse power boilers, which furnish steam 
for power, heat and experimental purposes. 

The carpenter shop contains accommodations for twelve students 
in bench work and wood turning. The power machinery in this shop 
is a band and circular saw, five 12-incli turning lathes and- a grinding 
stone. 

In the forge shop are nine power forges, one hand forge, a pres- 
sure fan and exhauster for keeping the shop free of smoke. There is 
a full assortment of smith tools for each forge. The molding and cast- 
ing is done in the same room as the forge work and great attention 
is given this branch as a knowledge of the foundry work is very es- 
sential to the engineer. The foundry is equipped with a Whiting cu- 
pola ; which melts 1,200 pounds of iron per hour, .and the necessary 
flasks and tools. 

The machine shop contains one Reed lo-inch speed lathe, one 24- 
inch Gray planer, one 12-inch Reed combined foot and power lathe, 
a Diamond No. 4 emery tool grinder, one 14-inch Reed engine lathe, 
a Snyder 24-inch drill press, and an assortment of vices, taps, dies, pipe 
tools and measuring instruments. 

An 8-inch by 12-inch engine drives the machinery of the different 
shops. It was presented to the College by the City of Baltimore and 
secured through the efiforts of Com. John D. Ford, of the U. S. N. 

The drafting room is well equipped for practical work, having 
suitable benches, lockers and blue print facilities. 

DEPARTMENT OF MATHEMATICS. 

Prof. R. W. Silvester. 

Mathematics is the basis upon which scientific information rests. A 
knowledge of the study is necessary, as much from the utilitarian point 
of view as from the mental training its acquisition gives. Its import- 
ance as a factor in our college course takes its rise from the former 
consideration. All instruction in this work is with a view to the equip- 
ping of students for the more practical work soon to follow. 



.17 

The class work in mathematics in the several courses consists of 
arithmetic, bookkeeping, algebra, geometry (plain and solid), trigo- 
nometry (plain and spherical), descriptive geometry, in its application 
TO mechanical drawing, analytical geometry, differential and integral 
i.alculus in their application to mechanics, engineering and physics 
and surveying. 

In the applied mathematics, bookkeeping is taught every student. 
Xo matter what vocation a man intends to follow, a knowledge of busi- 
ness forms and methods of systematic accounts is a requisite to success. 
To be able to use an ordinary compass or transit, for the purpose of 
laying out, dividing and calculating the area of land, or of running- 
outlines and leveling for the purpose of drainage, is a necessary ac- 
complishment for every intelligent farmer. 

FRESHMAN YEAR. 

I'irst Session Course I. 

Number of hours per week, five. Algebra — Wentworth's Com- 
plete, as far as Logarithims. 

HENRY T. HARRISON, Professor. 

Second Session Course II. 

Number of hours per week, three each. Algebra — Wentworth's 
completed ; Geometry — First three books of Wentworth's Plain Ge- 
ometrv. 

HENRY T. HARRISON, Professor. 

SOPHOMORE CLASS. 

First Session Course III. 

Number of hours per week, four. Geometry, plain and solid, com- 
pleted. 

Second Session Course IV. 

Number of hours per week, five. Trigonometry, completed. 

R. W. SILVESTER, Professor. 

JUNIOR CLASS. 

First Session Course V. 

Number of hours per week, five. Analytics, completed. 

R. W. SILVESTER, Professor. 



i8 

Second Session Course VI 

Number of hours per week, four. Differential Calculus. 

HENRY LANAHAN, Professor. 
SENIOR CLASS. 

First Session Course VII. 

Integral Calculus HENRY LANAHAN, Professor. 

DEPARTMENT OF ENGLISH AND CIVICS. 

This department, as its name implies, covers the work of two dis- 
tinct courses of instruction. It seeks to prepare the student by system- 
atic training in the history, structure and use of the English language-, 
for the highest development of his mental powers and for the complex 
duties and relations of life ; and further, to fit him for the active and in- 
telligent exercise of his rights and duties as a man and citizen. 

The course in English of necessity lies at the base of all other 
courses of instruction. A clear and comprehensive knowledge of hi- 
mother tongue is absolutely necessary to the student in pursuing any 
line of college work. Nor is this all, for aside from the practical vahu 
of the English instruction as an aid to other branches of study, and a- 
a preparation for business and profession, it is to his training in thi,^ 
department, in connection with his study of history and the classics 
and modern languages, that the student must look for the acquiring oi 
that general culture that has always been the distinguishing mark ot 
the liberally educated man. The English work, which is common ti> 
all courses, consists of the study of the structure of the English lan- 
guage, literature (English and American), theoretical and practical 
rhetoric, logic, critical reading and analysis, and constant exercise in 
expression, composition and thesis writing. 

The course in civics is especially designed to prepare young men 
for the active duties of citizenship. The first two years are devoted to 
the study of general history, followed by the principles of civil govern- 
ment, constitutional history, political economy, with special reference 
to current social and industrial problems, and, finally, lectures on the 
elements of business law. 

ENGLISH COURSES. 

FRESHMAN YEAR. 

First Session Course T 

All students. P'ive hours per week. English language, review o; 



- ^9 ■ 

grammar, practical exercises in analysis and synthesis, composition 
Ind letter-writing, study of roots and affixes. 

Second Session Course I. (Continued.) 

All students. Five hours per week. English language and prac- 
lice continued. 

SOPHOMORE YEAR. 

First Session Course II. 

Classical, Scientific and Mechanical students. Four hours per 
week. Principles and practice of Rhetoric. 

Course III : — All students. One hour per week. Practical thesis 

work. 

Second Session Course IV. 

Classical and Mechanical students. Three hours per week. Prin- 
ciples and practice of Logic. 

Course III. (Continued.) — All students. One hour per week. 
Practical thesis work. 

JUNIOR YEAR. 

First Session Course V. 

Classical students onh*. Three hours per week. English litera- 
ture. Text-book, lectures and readings. 

Course III. (Continued.) — All students. One hour per week. 
IVactical thesis work. 

Second Session Course \ I. 

Classical students only. Three hours per week. American litera- 
ture. Text-book, lectures and readings. 

Course III. (Continued.) — All students. One hour per week. 
i*ractical thesis work. 

SENIOR YEAR. 

First Session Course VII. 

V 

Classical students only. Three hours per week. Critical study of 
Fnglish classics. 

Course VIII. — Classical students only. Three hours per week. 
Principles of Psychology. Text-book and lectures. 



20- .• ■■■• ; ^-■-::^' ■■'■^y-: :'■ ' 

Course III. (Continued.) — All students. One hour per weel^. 
Practical thesis work. 

Second Session. Course VII. (Continued.) 

■ Classical students only. Three hours per week. Critical study of 
English classics. 

Course VIII. (Continued.) — Classical students only. Three hour.s 
per week. Principles of Psychology. Text-book and lectures. 

Course III. (Continued.) — All students. One hour per week. 
Practical thesis work. 

HISTORY AND CIVICS COURSES. 

FRESHMAN YEAR. 

First Session Course I. 

Classical students only. Four hours per week. Outlines of an- 
cient history. Text-book and lectures. 

Second Session Course I. (Continued.) 

Classical students only. Course continued. Four hours per week. 

SOPHOMORE YEAR. 

First Session Course II. 

Classical students only. Three hours per week. Outlines of me- 
dieval and modern history. Text-book and lectures. 

Second Session Course II. (Continued.) 

Three hours per week. 

JUNIOR YEAR. 

First Session Course IIT. 

Civil government in United States. Two hours per week. Class- 
ical, chemical, biological and mechanical students. 

Second Session Course III. (Continued.) 

Two hours Der week. 



SENIOR YEAR. 
First Session Course IV. 

Classical students only. Three hours per week. Principles of 
political economy. 

Course V. — All students. One hour per week. Lectures on con- 
stitutional law. 

Second Session Course IV. 

Classical students (Continued). Three hours per week. 

Course VI. — All students except classical. Three hours per week. 
Economic science and current problems. 

Course VII. — All students. One hour per week. Lectures on 
business law. 

DEPARTMENT OF CHEMISTRY. 

H. B. McDonnell, B. S., M. D., Professor. M. N. Straughn, 

Assistant. 

The Chemical Department occupies the new chemical laboratory 
building, a substantial and commodious brick structure, which is lo- 
cated about lOO yards north of the main building. It contains, on the 
first floor, a lecture room, preparation room, office, and two labora- 
tories, with communicating balance room, which are used for State 
work. On the second floor are the students' laboratories, one for each 
class, a supply room and students' balance room. The department has 
a reference library of standard works which is being gradually in- 
creased. The equipment of the laboratory is unusually full and com- 
plete. 

Instruction in chemistry is both theoretical and practical. Each 
student is assigned to a laboratory desk, which is provided with gas 
and water connections, and an outfit of chemicals and apparatus, for 
which he is held responsible, being charged for apparatus broken. 
This charge has averaged less than one dollar per year for Sophomores 
and less than two dollars per year for Juniors and Seniors. 

Students making a specialty of chemistry are allowed to use the 
laboratories at any time between the hours of 8 A. M. and 5 P. M., and 
are encouraged to devote more time to practical work than is called for 
Ijv the schedule. Such students have invariably been able to secure 
positions after graduation. 

The outline of the course, with names of text-books used and the 
number of hours per week, is as follows : 



1 ; •, • 22 

SOPHOMORE YEAR. 

First Session Course 1 

"Introduction to the Study of Chemistry," Remsen's ; recitative 4, 
practical 3. • ^.. 

Second Session. — The same as first session; recitative 3, practi 
cal5. * V 

^ JUNIORYEAR. 

First Session Course II. 

"Qualitative Analysis," Mason's ; recitative 2, practical 6 ; "Dt 
terminative Mineralogy," Brush's ; recitative 2, practical 4. 

Second Session Course III. 

"Oganic Chemistry," Remsen's ; recitative 4, practical 4 ; "Quanti- 
tative Analysis" and "Assaying," practical 6. 

SENIOR YEAR. 

First Session Course IV. 

"Theoretical Chemistry," Remsen's; recitative 4; "Determination 
of molecular and atomic weights, organic analysis, analysis of fodder, 
feed stuffs, water, sugar, etc., practical 10. 

Second Session ........' Course V. 

The work of this session will be arranged to suit the requirements 
of the individual student, and will consist mainly in the preparation of 
a thesis, involving some original research, recitative 4, practical 10. 

DEPARTMENT OF PHYSICS. 

Professor Lanahan. _ 

SOPHOMORE YEAR. 

First Session Course I. 

Elementary Physics, three periods per week. 

The course consists of lectures, recitations and experimental dem- 
onstrations by the instructor, on the mechanics of solids, liquids and 



• -^^^ ..---^ - 23 ■ 

gases. The student is required to work a number of problems, and 
liis attention is directed to the practical appHcations of the principles 
studied. 

PROF. LANAHAN. 
JUNIOR YEAR. 

Both Sessions Course II. 

Physics : — Four periods per week class-room work, and four 
periods per week laboratory work. 

The course begins with a review of mechanics, after which heat, 
sound, electricity and magnetism, and light are taken up successively 
by lectures, recitations, problems and demonstrations. A knowledge 
of the elements of plain trigonometry is required for entrance. The 
laboratory work consists of a series of experiments, mainly quantitative, 
designed to illustrate and verify the laws and principles considered in 
the class room, and to develop in the student skill in manipulation, and 
accuracy in making precise measurements. Written reports of the 
work done in the laboratory are required weekly. 

PROF. LANAHAN. 
SENIOR YEAR. 

Both Sessions Course III. 

More advanced work will be provided for students who have 
completed the preceding courses and who wish to continue the study 
of physics. 

PROF. LANAHAN. 

The Physical lecture room and laboratory are located in Morrill 
Hall, in rooms excellently adapted to the purpose. The department 
is well supplied with apparatus for lecture room experiments, and a 
suitable equipment for students' laboratory work will be procured and 
ready for use by the opening of the next session. 

DEPARTMENT OF CIVIL ENGINEERING. 

JUNIOR YEAR. 

Both Sessions Course I. 

Surveying: — Two periods per week class-room work; three 
periods per week field practice. 

The course includes the use and adjustment of engineering instru- 
ments ; the methods of land surveying ; the platting and computing of 
areas; the dividing of land; leveling, and topographical surveying. 
Text: — Davies' "Surveying." If time permits the methods of locating 



24 

and staking out new roads will be taken up, and some attention given 
to road construction. The department is equipped with two survey- 
or's compasses, a Gurley transit, with solar attachment, and a 20-incl; 
Gurley level. 

PROF. LANAHAX. 
SENIOR YEAR. 

First Session Course II. 

Graphic Statics : — Three periods per week. 

Including the theory and practice of the graphical methods of de- 
termining stresses in framed structures, particularly roof trusses; and 
bending moments and sheers in beams. The course is based on Hos- 
kins' Graphic Statics, and many of the problems are solved analytically 
as well as graphically. 

Second Session Course II. (Continued.) 

Strength of Materials: — Three periods per week. 

Treating of the elasticity and resistance of materials of construc- 
tion, and the mechanics of beams and columns. The text used is Mer- 
riman's '"Mechanics of Materials," and a knowledge of integral cal- 
culus is required for entrance to the course. 

PROF. LANAHAN. 

DEPARTMENT OF BIOLOGY AND GEOLOGY. 

- Prof. Martin P. Scott, M. D. 

P>ioloov is the basis of asfriculture. There is no branch of this 



'?-) 



great interest which is not intimately connected with the science of 
biology. Hence the primary function of the Biological and Geological 
Department in the Agricultural College is to lay the foundation for 
many special departments of agricultural science. 

A detailed study of Geology is followed by Human Physiology, 
Zoology and advanced work in practical and theoretical Biology. 

A special course (Senior Year) in general Biology is one of the op- 
tional groups in the Scientific Course. .. 

Instruction in this department is by text-book, lectures and labora- 
tory practice in microscopy and dissection. 

FRESHMAN YEAR. 

First Session Course I. 

Three hours per week. Elementary Geology, Dynamic Geology, At- 



• 25 

iiiosplieric Agencies, Aqueous Agencies, Igneous Agencies, Organic 
.Vgencies, Coal, Rocks, Soils, etc. 

Second Session Course I. (Continued.) 

Three hours per week. Continuation of above course. Text-book, 
Shaler. 

SOPHOMORE YEAR. 

First Session Course II. 

Six hours per week. Practical Elementary Biology — Laboratory 
practice. Microscopy, mounting, etc. 

Second Session Course III. 

Five hours per week. Human Physiology, methods of study, work 
and waste, tissue, the skeleton, vascular system and circulation, blood 
and lymph, respiration, sources of loss and gain to the blood, diges- 
tion, nervous svstem. Text-book — Huxlev. 

JUNIOR YEAR. 

I'irst Session Course I\'. 

Two hours theoretical, four hours practical. Invertebrate 
zoology, natural history of animals, minerals, plants and animals (their 
relations), organization, development, classification. 

Second Session Course V. 

Two hours theoretical, four hours practical. Vertebrate zoology, 
tissues, nutrition, motion, sensation, reproduction, metamorphosis, di- 
.uestion, circulation, respiration, secretion, skin and skeleton, nervous 
system, classification. Practical work — Dissection. Text-book — Orton. 

SENIOR YEAR. 

First Session Course VI. 

Ten hours per week. Principles of biology, data of biology, scope 
"f biology, bacteriology. Practice in microscopy and dissection. 

Second Session Course VI. (Continued.) 

Ten hours per week. Principles of biology, etc. (Continued.) 
Practice in microscopy and dissection. 



26 . 

DEPARTMENT OF HORTICULTURE. 

Prof. J. S. Robinson. 

- FRESHMAN YEAR. •'-: 

Second Session Course 1. 

Four hours per week. Lectures and practical work three hour- 
per week, two periods consecutive, i. Methods of propagation oi 
plants ; (a) seeds, study of methods of germination, seeding and vitality ; 
(b) grafting; (c) cutting; (d) layers. 2. Character of soils as best 
adapted to different fruits and vegetables ; (a) methods of modificatioii 
of soils. 3. Preparation of soils for planting and cultivation of fruit-; 
and vegetables. 4. Manures, composts and fertilizers for fruits and 
vegetables. 5. Hot beds and cold frames. Required preparations : — 
General knowledge of soils and proper soil condition, and a general 
knowledge of the principles of soil fertilization, cultivation of plants 
and plant reproduction. 

- PROF. ROBINSON. 

SOPHOMORE YEAR. 

Second Session Course 1 1. 

Three hours per week. Lectures and practical work three hours 
per week, two periods consecutive, i. Pruning (theory and practice): 
(a) orchard fruits ; (b) small fruits ; (c) vines. Planting and cultivation 
of small fruits. 3. Production of varieties, (a) pollenation ; (b) cross 
breeding. 4. Gathering and marketing small fruits and vegetables. 
Required preparation — Knowledge of elementary physics and a gener- 
al knowledge of farm machinerv and function of plant organs. 

- ', PROF. ROBINSON. 

. JUNIOR YEAR. V -" 
First Session Course III 

Three hours per week. Lectures and practical work three hours 
per week, two periods consecutively, i. Propagation by budding. 2 
Identification of varieties of the orchard fruits. 3. Canning and pre- 
serving of fruits and vegetables. 4. Winter gardening under glass. 

PROF. ROBINSON. 

SENIOR YEAR. 

First Session Course IV. 

Three hours per week, two consecutive Lectures. 



The course of instruclion for this year is intended to give an op- 
portunity for those who may desire to speciaHze along some particular 
h'ne of horticultural work. Those selecting a particular line of work 
from the enumeration given will be required to conduct some special 
investigation in that direction and write a thesis upon the same. 

I. Orchard management; (a) selecting location; (b) selection of 
varieties ; (c) methods of planting ; (d) methods of pruning to accom- 
plish special objects ; (e) cultivation and fertilization. 2. Small fruits 
and truck farming. 3. Green house management ; (a) vegetable ; (b) 
floral. 4. Markets foreign and domestic. 5. Storage of fruits and 
vegetables. 6. Transportation. 

PROF. ROBINSON. 

DEPARTMENT OF ENTOMOLOGY. 

Prof. W. G. Johnson, H. P. Gould, Assistant. 

The instruction in this department is given by means of lectures, 
laboratory practice and field work. In the lectures the more general 
questions are discussed with a view to giving the students as broad a 
knowledge of the subject as is practicable in the time devoted to it. 
In the laboratory work especial attention is paid to the methods of in- 
vestigation and to training in accurate observation and recording facts. 

The work of this department is open only to Juniors and Seniors 
in the General Science and Agricultural Courses, unless by special per- 
mission, and must he preceded b}^ the courses in General Practical 
Biology and Invertebrate Zoology in the Sophomore year. 

JUNIOR YEAR. 

Second Session Course I. 

Two lectures and four laboratory hours per week. 
General Course : — Lectures, two hours per week, treating of the 
zoological position of insects, the characteristics of the orders, sub- 
orders, and the more important families ; the habits of insects with spe- 
cial reference to those species that are of economic importance ; and 
the practical application of entomology, including discussions of in- 
secticides, and of the various methods of controlling the ravages of 
insects injurious to agriculture. The laboratory and field work, four 
hours per week, includes the study and more general features of insect 
anatomy, the determination of general species, the collection and pres- 
ervation of insects, the preparation and application of insecticides, and 
the mechanical construction of spraying apparatus. 

' PROF. JOHNSON AND MR. GOULD. 
SENIOR YEAR. 
First and Second Sessions Course II. 



>8 



Hours to be arranged. - . 

Advanced Course : — Open only to students who have completed 
Course I, or its equivalent. This course consists of special work in 
morphology, or classification, or working out the life history of insects. 
Students making entomology their major, will be required to devote 
at least ten hours per week, throughout the year, to this course; and 
prepare an original thesis upon the subject chosen or assigned. 

PROF. JOHNSON AND MR. GOULD. 

DEPARTiMENT OF BOTANY AND PLANT PATHOLOGY. 

Prof. C. O. Townsend, G. L. Stewart, Assistant. 

SOPHOMORE YEAR. 

First Session Course L 

Four hours per week. Systematic Botanv and Functions of Plant 
Organs. ' ' ' MR. STEWART. 

Second Session Course H. 

Six hours per week. Continuation of Systematic Botany. This 
course must be preceded by Course I. ^ MR. STEWART. 

JUNIOR YEAR. 

First Session Course IH. 

Two lectures and a minimum of four hours of laboratory work per 
week. Morphology and Life Histories of Cryptogams, with special at- 
tention to fungi. This course necessarily embraces advanced work in 
microscopical technique, including imbedding, sectioning, staining and 
the preparation of permanent moimts and must be preceded by Course 
II. and a course in Practical Elementary Biology. 

DR. TOWNSEND AND MR. STEWART. 

Second Session Course IV. 

Two lectures and a minimum of four hours of laboratory work 
per week. Morphology and Life Histories of Phanerogams, w4th spe- 
cial attention to plants of economic importance. The work in micro- 
scopical technique will be continued during this session. This course 
must be preceded by Course HI. , 

• DR. TOWNSEND AND MR. STEWART. 



" 29 

■ - ' ' SENIOR YEAR. 

I'irst Session Course V. 

Two lectures and a minimum of six hours of laboratory work per 
\veek. Plant Physiology. This course must be preceded by Course 
IV, and may be elected as a minor. 

DR. TOWNSEXD AND MR. STEWART. 

Second Session Course VI. 

Two lectures and a minimimi of six hours of laborator\' work per 
week. Plant Pathology. This course embraces a study of parasitic 
fungi and their relation to the higher plants in producing diseases. It 
also includes the method of the preparation and application of fungi- 
cides. Course VI must be preceded by Course V, and must be elected 
as a minor, following Course V. 

DR. TOWNSEND AND MR. STEWART. 

Students electing Botany as a major subject must have had 
Courses I to V, inclusive, or their equivalent, and must prepare a 
thesis along the line of the major work. The outline of the work and 
iiours will be arranged upon consultation with Dr. Townsend. 

ADVANCED WORK. 

Courses in advanced work in Botany and Plant Pathology will be 
open to all students who have completed the six undergraduate courses 
or their equivalent. This work is designed for students who wish to 
specialize in Botany or in Plant Pathology, and will consist largely of 
original investigation. Students applying for advanced work along 
these lines will be expected to spend practically all of their time in this 
department. The subject to be investigated and an outline of the work 
will be arranged upon consultation with Dr. Townsend. 

DEPARTMENT OF VETERINARY SCIENCE. 

Prof. Sam'l S. Buckley, D. V. S., M. S. 

SOPHOMORE YEAR. 

Instruction in Veterinary Science is begun in the middle of the 
Sophomore Year by students of the Agricultural Course. The work 
embraces the study of, the Comparative Anatomy and Physiology of 
our domesticated animals, with special reference to the process of 
'mtrition. 

Laboratory work will consist of tests illustrating the chemical 
changes occurring within the body. 



30 
First Session Course I. 

Four hours per week. Lectures; text-book on Anatomy and 
Physiology ; laboratory work. 

JUNIOR YEAR. ^ ^^ 

First Session Course II. 

Six hours per week. The study of nutrition, organs of locomo- 
tion, form and action. Lectures on care and management of farm ani- 
mals. 

This course is given to students in Agriculture and General 
Science. ; 

SENIOR YEAR. 

This course is an elective, either as a major or minor subject. The 
minor course will consist of lectures upon emergency treatment of 
diseases and accidents likely to occur among farm animals. It is intend- 
ed that this course should enable one to properly care for minor cases 
and so treat more serious ones that they will be benefited rather than 
complicated, as is so often the case, when a professional arrives. 

It consists of the administration of medicines, the manner of se- 
curing patients for operation, the treatment of injuries, the commoner 
diseases of animals and the treatment of the same. 

The major course will be adapted to the needs of the student. 

First Session. . , Course III. 

Ten hours per week. As outlined above. 

Second Session Course IV. 

Ten hours per week. Course completed. 

DEPARTMENT OF Lx\NGUAGES. 
Prof. Thos. H. Spence, M. A. 

The Department of Languages embraces the study of three 
branches : Latin, French and German. All students are required to 
take the courses in German and French, only students of the Classical 
Course take Latin. 

The course of study in Latin is given with two ends in view — firs*^. 
to train the growing mind into accurate and close methods of reasoning, 
second, to give the student more thorough and comprehensive knowl- 
edge of his own language than he could otherwise acquire. Especial 



retention is paid to Latin syntax and idioms. The translation work cf 
the course consists of Sallust, Virgil, Cicero, Horace, Livy, Tacitus and 
j uvenal, besides other authors selected for sight reading. 

On account of the large percentage of dernians in our population, 
a speaking knowledge of this language is very important, and especial 
attention is given to conversation throughout the course. After the 
dements of the language have been mastered, and a certain facility of 
translation acquired, the class is divided, and the students pursuing the 
L lassical Course continue to translate from the works ot classic Ger- 
man authors, while the students of the Scientific Courses are given 
scientific German for translation. 

In French also, after the elementary work and granmiar have been 
completed, the students of the Classical Course and those of the Scien- 
tific Courses are separated, the first selecting translations from French 
literature, the scientific students work of a scientific nature. 

FRESHMAN YEAR. 

I'lrst Session Course I. 

Six hours per v/eek. Grammar and composition, five hours ; syn- 
tax, one hour. 

Second Session Course H. 

Continuation of Course I. 

SOPHOMORE YEAR. 

l^rst Session Course HI. 

Six hours per w^eek. Sallust's Jugurtha, Latin prose compo- 
sition. 

Second Session Course IV. 

Ten hours per w^eek. Virgil's Aeneid ; books i and 6. Lectures on 
mythology. Latin prose composition. German (Otis). 

JUNIOR YEAR. 

First Session Course V. 

Ten hours per week. Cicero's orations. Latin prose com- 
position. German. 

Second Session : Course VI. 



32 

Ten hours per week. Odes of Horace, and Caesar. Latin prose 
composition. German. 

SENIOR YEAR. .' ' 



First Session Course VII. 

Eleven hours per week. Livy ; book 21. Latin prose composition. 
French. 

Second Session Course VIII. 

Eleven hours per week. Tacitus and Ovid. Latin thesis. French. 

PREPARATORY DEPARTMENT. 

Prof. H. T. Harrison. 

First Session Course I. 

Arithmetic. — Five hours per week. Wentworth's G. S. Arithmetic as 
far as Interest. 

Algebra. — Five hours per week. Wentworth's Algebra as far as Frac- 
tions. 

History. — Five hours per week. U. S. History from 1775 to the pres- 
ent time. 

Geography. — Five hours per week. Descriptive Geography completed. 

English. — Seven hours per week. Spelling, Composition, Elementary 
Technical Grammar, Parsing and Analysis. 

Second Session Course II. 

Arithmetic. — Five hours per week. Wentworth's G. S. Arithmetic, 
completed. 

Algebra. — Five hours per week. Wentworth's Algebra as far as 

Quadratics. 
History. — Three hours per week. Colonial History and review of 

whole of Barnes' Brief History of U. S. 

English. — Five hours per week. Spelling, Composition, Letter-writ- 
ing, Technical Grammar. 

Geographv. — Four hours per week. Maury's Physical Geography, 

completed. 
Bookkeeping. — Four hours per week. Single Entry. Business 



33 . ; 

MILITARY DEPARTMENT. 

The Military Department is a distinctive feature of the college. By 
s])ecial Acts of Congress provision is made for the maintenance of a 
Department of Military Science in each of the land-grant colleges. An 
officer of the United States army is detailed to act as instructor and as 
Commandant of cadets. 

The Military Department of this college is in a most flourishing 
condition. All students upon entering, unless physically incapacitated, 
are enrolled in one of the three companies of the cadet battalion. Stu- 
dents are required to wear the prescribed uniform at all times when on 
duty. The discipline in barracks is entrusted to cadet officers under 
the supervision of the Commandant, and the discipline of the college is 
generally military in its nature. Promotion in this department is made 
according to merit and record in military matters. 

The practical instruction of the cadets consists of daily infantry 
drill, outpost duty and artillery drill. The study of tactics and lectures 
on military science constitute the class-room work of the department. 

The Alilitary Department is a decided factor in the moral and phy- 
sical development of the student body. By encouraging habits of 
promptness, obedience and neatness, and by its beneficial effects upon 
the carriage and general health of the students, it adds materially to the 
usefulness of the college as an educational institution in the true sense 
of the word. 

DEPARTMENT OF PHYSICAL CULTURE. 

The physical culture of the students is provided for by a regular 
cotu-se of instruction in the gymnasium, under the direction of a com- 
petent instructor. The course is carefully planned, so as to develop 
gradually and scientifically the physical powers of each student. Begin- 
nir.g with the simplest calisthenic exercises, the instruction covers the 
wliole field of light and heavv gvmnastics and field and track athletics. 

The ecjuipment and arrangement of the gymnasium is very com- 
plete, and the interest manifested by the students is a sufficient proof 
of tlie success of this department. While desiring to make the work in 
tlie gymnasiimi of practical value to all the students, the required work 
only extends through the Preparatory, Freshman and Sophomore 
years. After that, athletics as a part of a student's course is entirely 
optional. 

A valuable adjunct to this department has been the College Athletic 
Association, of which mention is made under the head of "Student Or- 
ganizations." 

THE COLLEGE LIBRARY. 

The college library may properly be regarded as one of the depart- 
ments of the institution, as its aid for purposes of reference and its in- 



34 

fliience upon the mental development of the students must always b ■ 
felt throu,s^hout all courses. The present quarters of the library, whil 
adequate for its immediate needs, will necessarily be too limited in tli 
course of time. The reading room is well arranged and lighted, and i 
in all respects comfortable and convenient. 

While the library is not large, the collection of works has beei: 
carefully chosen, and the shelves contain a fair supply of works of refer 
ence, history, biography, essays, poetry and the standard works of fie 
tion. Several hundred volumes of bound government reports form an 
important addition to the reference works of the library. Almost ah 
the leading magazines and a large number of newspapers are sub 
scribed for. 

V COURSES OF STUDY. 

In order to systematize the work of the numerous departments (t 
the college, and as far as possible arrange for specialization within tlic 
limits consistent with the normal development of individual student.-, 
four distinct courses of study have been prescribed, one of which the 
student is expected to choose upon entering the collegiate departmer',. 
These courses are the Agricultural, Mechanical Engineering, Scientific 
and Classical. In three of these, the Agricultural, Mechanical En- 
gineering and Classical, a continuous and progressive course of work, 
beginning in the Freshman year, and gradually narrowing in the three 
succeeding years until the classwork is almost wholly specialized, has 
been found to be most satisfactory. A broad and liberal foundation is 
first laid in the Freshman and Sophomore years, and then the particular 
study desired — agricultural, mechanics or the classical branches — is 
emphasized more and more until the end of the course. 

In the Agricultural Course the main study is scientific agriculture 
in all its various branches. The detailed statement of the arrangemerit 
of the course is given on another page. The object of the course is to 
acquaint young men who propose to engage in farming with the re- 
sults of recent investigation and research, in order to enable them to 
engage in practical, general farming, dairying or stock-raising, in ac 
cordance with the best known methods of modern times. The course 
leads to the Degree of l>achelor of Science. 

The Sliort Winter Course in Agriculture is especially designed ior 
those who have neither the time nor the opportunity to take the regu- 
lar four years' course. In fact, it is really designed for those actually 
engaged in farming, and who can spare six or eight weeks during tb.e 
winter to attend lectures and to follow the practical work of the college 
and station. The course embraces the following subjects: Farm crop-, 
drainage, stock-breeding, stock-feeding, manures, tobacco, dairy hu ■- 
bandry and chemistry, horticulture, entomology, farm accounts, farm 
buildings, carpentry and blacksmithing, veterinary science, the princi- 
ples of citizenship and the elements of business law. The nominil 
charge of five dollars ($5.00) is made for the course. The entire expens ■, 



; 35 

including board, need not be over fifty dollars ($50.00). The course ex- 
lends through the months of January and February. All details are 
in charge of W. T. L. Taliaferro, Professor of Agriculture. 

The details of the Mechanical Engineering Course will be found 
on another page. The practical work of this course is most thorough. 
The student is familiarized from the first with the use of tools and 
implements of wood and iron work. He is given daily practice in the 
shops, and is encouraged to develop whatever inventive talent he may 
have. It is believed that students completing this course will have no 
difficulty in securing employment after graduation in the field of me- 
chanics or mechanical engineering. The course leads to the Degree 
of Mechanical Engineer. 

The Classical. Course was instituted to meet a very urgent demand 
on the part of the patrons of the college for a course of study which 
should prepare young men to enter the so-called learned professions. 
The course emphasizes the modern languages, Latin, mythology, 
English and civics and psychology, with a moderate amount of mathe- 
matics and the natural and physical sciences. The Degree of Bachelor 
of Arts is conferred upon its graduates. 

The Scientific Course is designed for those w4io desire to secure the 
advantages of a general liberal education, with the opportunity of spe- 
cializing in some line of modern science — chemistry, biology, pathol- 
ogy, entomology, veterinary science, physics, civil engineering or po- 
litical science. The basis of the course is a thorough training in mathe- 
matics, English and the principles of citizenship and government. Ow- 
ing to the number of departments represented in this course, it is found 
necessary to begin dififerentiation with a view to specialization in the 
junior year. In the senior year, as will be seen in the detailed outline 
of the course on another page, the work is arranged in a series of 
groups of studies, each group containing one major study and several 
minors. This is the plan adopted by most of the prominent and suc- 
cessful colleges of the present day, and presents the twofold advantage 
of concentration of the student's labor and opportunity for ample lab- 
oratory w^ork. The degree conferred for all branches of this course is 
Bachelor of Science. 

OUTLINE OF COURSES. 

SENIOR CLASS. 

The work for the Senior Year in Agriculture and General Science 
>hall consist of a major subject and two or more minor subjects. This 
vork will be elective upon consultation with the professor in charge of 
iie major subject. 

The student w^ill be required to elect an amount of work, the mini- 
TuuTi of which shall be an equivalent of twenty (20) hours recitative 
vork, one half of which wall be devoted to the major subject. 



36 ./ : 

Two hours of practical work is regarded as equivalent to one oi 
recitative work. 

The work of the Senior year in the Mechanical Engineering Course 
is as follows : 

SENIOR COURSE— MECHANICAL ENGINEERING DE- 
PARTMENT. 



First Term. 



Second Term. 



French 

Calculus 

Machine Design 

Graphic Statics. ...... 

Machine Construction 
Electro-Metallurgy .. . 

Recitation equiv 

Total hours 



5 

4 

2-(2) 

3 
(8) 
(4) 



21 



28 



French 

Strength of Materials 

Machine Design , 

Descriptive Gtometry, 
Machine Construction 
Economics 

Recitation equiv. . . . . 

Total hours , 



3 

2(2) 
3 

(10) 
3 



20 



26 



JUNIOR CLASS. 



First Term. 


"re 

CJ 

cn 

4-(4) 

5 

3 

4-(4) 

2-(3) 

(4) 


"re 
(J 

"s 

Si 
U 

4-(4) 
3"" 
4 (10) 


m 
4(4) 
3 " 


15 

'c 
re 

u 
<u 

4(4) 

5 

3 


CO- • 

: : Agricultural. 


Second Term 


"re 


Chemical. 


"re 

CJ 

■53 
_o 

.2 

m 

4(4) 


"re 

'a 
ji 

0) 

4-(4) 

4 

.... 


■t-l 

u 
< 


Physics 

Anal. Geom'y 

German 

Chemistry & 

Mineralogy. 

Surveying . . . 

Drawing 


Physics 

Diff. Calculus 

German 

Chemistry & 

Mineralogy. 

Surveying.... 

Drawing 

Gen. Zoology 
Entomolgy. .. 

Botany 

Photography. 
Agriculture . . 


4-(6) 

4 

3 

4-(4) 

2(3) 

(4) 

■ • • 


4-(4) 


— 


3 

4-(10) 


3 


3 





■-(4) 

• ■ • 

• » • 


2-v3)! 

. . . .| 

2-(4) 

2- (4) 

2(4) 

(3) 

2(2) 

1 

24 
34 




. . . . 


2(3) 






4 

• • • ■ 

4" 


Vet'nary Sci- 
ence 




2(4) 

2-(4) 
2-(4; 




2(4) 
2(4) 
2(4) 

• • • 


2- (4) 
2-(4) 
2(4) 


Inver. Zoolo- 
PfV 






Botanv 






3- (3 ) 


Horticulture. 






Eng. (Thesis) 
Theory of 
Steam En- 
gine,. , 


1 


1 


1 


1 

3 

(4) 

22 

28 


1 


Agriculture . . 












Eng'h(Thesis) 
Mechanics . 


1 


1 
2"" 

21 

28 


1 

22 
80 


1 

(6) 
2 

S2 

29 




Civics 


Mechanics . . . 

Reci'n equiv. 

Total hours 


21 
26 


21 


22 
30 




Reci'n equiv. 


21 
25 


24 


Total hours 


26 


33 



Note.— Students in Physics may elect Chemistry 4-(4) throughout the vear, or Dra^v 
ing 4 and Surveying '2-(S) throughout the year 



37 
SOPHOMORE CLASS. 



First Term. 



Agriculture 

Mechanics 

j'ractical Biology . 

Botany 

Physics 

Chemistry 

Geometry 

Drawing 

Theoretical Me- 
chanics 



English (Rhetoric) 

IJecitation equiv. 
Total hours 






"re 

c 

Hi 

o 



6 
4 
3 

4(3) 
4 



re 

u 

'c 
re 

CJ 



(4) 



3 

4(3) 
4 
(4) 

2 

4 



21'4 ; 225^ 



28 i 2S 



3 
'u, 

< 



3-(4) 
(4) 
(4) 
(4) 

3 

4-(3) 
4 



2VA 



34 



Second Term. 



Agriculture 

Horticulture 

Veterinary Science 

Botany 

Human Physiology 

Chemistry 

Geometry & Trig- 
onometry 

Drawing 

Moulding & Cast 
ing 

German 

English (Logic). .. 



llecitatiou equiv. 
Total hours 



V 

u 

c 



c 
O 



re 



si 
u 



^(6) 
4-(3) 



4(3) 

5 
(4) 



3 

3 



(6) 



21 K 21 >^ 



20 



28 



3 

■4-t 

3 

y 
< 



') 



-(3) 

l-(2) 
(4) 
(4) 

4-(3)" 



23 
31 



Note.— Students in General Science wisliinsf to take tlie Pliysical or ("lieniical course 
may elect any equivalent for Botany ujion approval of the liead of the l)ei>artnient of 
I'liysics and Chemistry, as the case nia>' he. 



FRESHMAX CLASS. 



First Term. 


General Science. 


Mechanical. 


"re 

t- 
s 

< 


1 Second Term. 


u 

c 

.Si 
'G 
m 

"re 

;-. 

<u 

C 

O 


"re 

re 
u 


"re 

3 

.a 

(—1 

< 


Agriculture 

Drawing 

Alirebra 


3(4) 

(4) 
5 
5 
3 


(4) 
5 

5 
3 

(6) 
2 


3(4) 
(4) 
5 
5 

O 
O 

(4) 


; Horticulture 

! Drawing 

' Alarebra 


(4) 
(4) 

3 

5 

3 

5 


4 
3 

1 

(6) 
5 


3 


English 

Geology 

Wood-work 

Elem. Ap. Mech.. 
Mechanics .... 


! Rnp-lish 


;) 


Geoloarv 


3 


Wood-work 

Geometry 

Agriculture 

Ifecitation equiv. 
Total hours .... 


5 
2-(3) 


l?ecitation equiv. 


20 


20 


22 


20 


21 


21i 


Total hours . • 


24 


25 1 28 


24 


26 


25 



38 



OUTLINE OF CLASSICAL COURSE. 



FRESHMAN YEAR. 


SOPHOMORE YEAR. 


First Term. 


I 
Second Term. 


First Term. 


Second Term. 


English 5 

History 4 

Latin 6 

Algebra 5 

Total 20 

• 


English 5 

History 4 

Latin 6 

Algebra 3 

Geometry 5 

Total 23 1 


Rhetoric. . . — 4 

Latin 6 

Geometry 4 

Physics 3 

Chem. 43 5* 

Total 22i 


[,ogic 8 


Latin 6 

German 3 

Trigonometry . 5 
Chemistry 4 3.. -5^ 

Total 22^ 


■ JUNIOR YEAR. 


SENIOR YEAR. 


First Term. 


1 

Second Term. 

i 
1 


First Term. 


Second Term. 


English Lit 3 

Civil Gov 4 

Latin 6 


American Lit.. .3 

Civil Gov 4 ! 

Latin . ..• 6 

German 4 

Surveying.. 2-3 3* 

Total 18i 


English 2 

Psychology .. .2 
Business Law. . 1 

Economics 3 

Latin 6 

French 5 

Jotal 19 


English 2 

Psychology 3 

Business Law. . . 1 


German 4 

Surveying.. 2-3 3^ 

Total 18^ 


Economics 3 

Latin 

French 5 

Total 19 



REQUIREMENTS FOR x\DMISSION. 

For admission to the college department — Freshman class — an en- 
trance examination is required. This examination will be held at the 
college on September 2ist, 22nd and 23rd. The applicant v^ill be ex- 
pected to pass a satisfactory examination in the following subjects : 
English grammar, composition and analysis, United States history, 
arithmetic (complete), algebra (as far as quadratics), political and physi- 
cal geography. A mark of 70 per cent, is necessary to pass. For en- 
trance to the Preparatory Department the requirements are : English 
grammar, arithmetic (as far as percentage), United States history and 
political geography. 

Every applicant for admission to the college must bring satisfac- 
tory testimonials as to character and previous scholarship, from one or 
more persons qualified so to speak — his former teacher, pastor or 
neighbor, acquainted with his general reputation. This will be abso- 
lutely insisted upon. No student need apply for etitrance who cannot 
furnish such credentials. 



39 

Applicants for admission to higher classes than the Freshman 

■mist be prepared to take an examination equivalent to that given at 

;ie college for promotion to such classes, or must present certificates 

■ioni county or city schools covering the work of the lower college 

classes. 

- - PROMOTION. 

In order to pass from one class to the next higher class a student is 
required to pass the yearly examination by a mark of at least 60 per 
cent, in each study, and to have a combined mark in each branch (dai'v 
and examination) of at least 70 per cent. A failure in not more than 
two branches will enable a student to pass to the next class with con- 
ilitions in those studies in which he has failed ; but in every case the stu- 
dent is required to make good such failures during the next year. 

It has been found necessary to make some regulations to provide 
lor cases of using unfair means in examinations. The faculty, therefore, 
has agreed upon the following rule, which will be rigidly adhered to: 
"Any student detected in so doing will be required to surrender his 
])apers, and will not under any circumstances be given another exami- 
nation in that particular study." 

SCHOLARSHIPS. 

The college offers a number of scholarships — three for Baltimore 
City and one for each coimty of the State. These scholarships are 
awarded to the successful candidate in competitive examinations, con- 
ducted by the Superintendent of Public Instruction of Baltimore City 
and in the counties by the County Examiner. All scholarship students 
must be prepared for entrance to the Freshman class, and are required 
to take the regular entrance examination. Each scholarship is good 
lor four years, or for such part thereof as the holder remains at the 
college. It is then again open for competition. The cost per year for 
scholarship students will be found under the head of student-expenses. 

The following is an extract from the requirements of the Board of 
Trustees, relating to scholarships : 

"Persons holding certificates of scholarship, must present them- 
"selves at the college, or other designated place, at the date which 
"may be named, in the September or January next following the 
"award, and be examined by college authorities for entrance to the 
"Freshman class. Alternates are to be thus examined as well as prin- 
"cipals, and in case of a failure of the principal to secure or hold the 
"scholarship, the alternate will have the first right to the place, if within 
"a year from date of the certificate of award. 

"Persons holding certificates of scholarship, must, in order to se- 
'"cure the same, pass the entrance examination of the college, and (if 
"entering in January) such other examination as may be required to 
"join the Frc'^hiuan clnsfi. Every one must declare his intention of 
"completing the prescribed course of study of the college, in either 



AO . 

'.■'-"-■'■■,'- --^ " ' ,- - 

"Agriculture or Mechanical Eng-ineering, provided he retains his 
"scliolarship, and must make an advanced payment of $15 on the year's 
"account. And to hold a scholarship, the student must make the sub- 
"sequent payments and meet such requirements of the college as to 
"scholarship and deportment, as may be prescribed by the President 
"and faculty. By passing special examinations, candidates for scholar- 
"ships may be permitted to enter the Sophomore class." 

DISCIPLINE AND REGULATIONS. 

The discipline of the college, as has been stated, is generally mili- 
tary in its character. Students are under the control of cadet officers, 
subject to the direction of the officer in charge, who makes a daily re- 
port to the Commandant of cadets. The final authority, however, in all 
cases, is the President of the college. 

All students are expected to conduct themselves as young gentle- 
men worthy of respect and confidence. Upon entrance each one is re- 
quired to give his word that he will comply with all the rules and regu- 
lations of the institution. A copy of these rules is then given him, and 
he is held responsible for all acts in disregard thereof. Cadet officers in 
receiving the honors which promotion implies, accept with them obli- 
gations and duties which they are bound to regard. This is the key- 
note of student government. Failure in duty means necessarily for- 
feiture of confidence and trust. 

Punishment for trivial breaches of regulations consists of depriva- 
tion of privileges, confinement to grounds or rooms or special military 
duties ; for aggravated ofifences the punishment may be suspension or 
expulsion, at the discretion of the Faculty and the President. 

Frequent absences from the college are invariably of great disad- 
vantage to the student, in breaking in upon the continuity of his work, 
and in distracting his mind from the main purpose of his attendance at 
the institution. Parents are therefore earnestly asked to refrain from 
granting fretiuent requests to leave the college. 

Quarterly reports are sent to each parent, showing the student's 
progress in class work and his general standing as to conduct, etc. At 
the end of the year a detailed report of the year's work is made. 

STUDENT ORGANIZATIONS. 

Student clubs for social, literary and athletic purposes, are encour- 
aged as means of creating class and college pride and increasing an 
esprit (Ic corps among the students. Each has its own organization in 
which matters relating to class work are discussed and directed. Offi- 
cers are elected, and the unity of the class is strictly preserved. This 
has been found to be a decided aid to discipline, and tends to raise the 
standard of student honor. 

Among the successful student societies are the Mercer Literary So- 
ciety, which has accomplished much good during the past year, the M. 



41 

A. C. Athletic Association, which controls and directs the work of the 
College Athletic Team, the Rossbourg Club, a social organization, the 
(ilee Club, the Mandolin Club, and the Cadets' Annual, an organiza- 
tion of the Senior Class, which publishes an annual magazine. The 
first three numbers of this Annual, "The Reveille'" for 1896-97. 1897- 
'.)S and 1898-99, were most creditable publications. 

STUDENT EXPENSES. 

The expenses of the college year for the several classes of students 
are as follows : 

REGULAR STUDENTS. 

Board, heat, light, room and books $150.00 

Laboratory fee 6 . 00 

Physician's fee .♦ . . 4.00 

Breakage fee 5 • 00 

Total cost $165.00 

SCHOLARSHIP STUDENTS. 

Board, heat, light, room and books S70.00 

Laboratory fee 6 . 00 

Physician's fee 4 . oo 

Breakage fee 5 • 00 

Total cost $85 . 00 

DAY STUDENTS. 

Room, heat and books $24 . 00 

Laboratory fee 6 . 00 

Breakage fee 5 • 00 

Total cost $35 . 00 



TIME OF PAYMENT. 

For Regular Students. — 

$40.00 (and the fees) on entrance: $40.00 on November 15th; 
^40.00 on February ist; $30.00 on April ist. 

'or Scholarship Students. — 

$35.00 (and the fees) on entrance; $35.00 on February ist. 



42 

For Day Students. — 

$12.00 (and the fees) on entrance, and $12.00 on February ist. 
Promptness in payment is insisted upon. 

EXPLANATION OF FEES. 

The laboratory fee is intended to cover the cost of the material;- 
and apparatus consumed by the student in practical laboratory work. 

The physician's fee is to provide for the attendance of the regular 
college physician in all ordinary cases of sickness. 

The breakage fee is to cover all losses to the college caused by care- 
less breakage or otherwise by the students. Each loss is divided pro- 
portionately among the students, and the unused balance of each fee re- 
funded at the close of the year. In case the loss is known to be caused 
by any particular student, the whole amount is charged to his account. 

Except in cases of extended illness, no money will be refunded for 
long continued absence or withdrawal from the college. 

Students entering late in the session will be charged according u< 
the date of entrance. 

ARTICLES NECESSARY TO BE PROVIDED. 

All students are required to provide themselves with the following 
articles, to be brought from home or purchased from the College Park 
Store on arrival : 

I dozen white collars, uniform. 

6 pair white gloves, uniform. 

6 pair white cufifs, uniform. 

1 pair blankets. 

3 pair sheets. 

4 pillow cases. ' , 

2 blue bed-spreads, uniform. 

6 towels. . , 

I chair, uniform. 

The room-mates together purchase the following articles : — 
I set of lamp fixtures, uniform. 

1 pitcher and basin, uniform. 

2 table-cloths, uniform. 

I broom, imiform. . • 

I looking glass, uniform. 

I bucket, uniform. 

I blacking box-cupboard, uniform. 

All the articles marked uniform in the foregoing list can best be 
purchased after the student arrives at the college. The cost of the en- 
tire list should not be more than $10.00 for the year. 

~ , UNIFORM. 

• The cadet uniform of substantial grey cloth, which is required tc 



• 43 

i.e worn by students at all times, is made by contract with the tailors at 
a much lower price than it could be furnished to individuals. The 
student's measure is taken after he arrives at the college, and the fit is 
i^niaranteed. The cost of the entire outfit, — coat, trousers and cap, is 
S 14.39. Parties coming through Baltimore can leave measures and 
orders with Oehm & Co., 5-7 West Baltimore St. Payment must be 
made for this at time of entrance. This is imperative. 

For further particulars as to entrance, examination, expenses, etc., 
address : 

R. W. SILVESTER, President, 

Maryland Agricultural College, 

College Park, Maryland. 

Express Office, College Station, B. &. O. R. R. Telegraph Office, 
Hyattsville, Md., Telephone Station, Hyattsville, Md. 

THE ALUMNI ASSOCIATION. 

The growth of the Alumni Association during the past year, is a 
source of great satisfaction to the officers of the College and of the As- 
sociation. Through the persistent efforts of its officers a banquet was 
held at the Ebbitt House, in Washington, on the 8th of April, which 
should mark the turning point in the history of the Association. Re- 
newed interest was shown by the existing members of the Association 
and the occasion was marked by a large increase in the membership, 
recruited largely from the older graduates of the College. 

All indications point to a great advance in the growth of the or- 
ganization. And now it is felt that the Association may begin to exer- 
cise its influence along the lines of its avowed purpose and object. At 
its regular annual meeting, on June 13th, it was decided that the As- 
sociation would next year give medals for proficiency in three of the 
departments of College work. By restricting the competition for the 
medal to be awarded for the best paper on "Agricultural Science" to 
those students pursuing original research, it is intended and hoped, by 
tlie Association, to stimulate scientific investigation by the students in 
the various scientific departments of the College. With the improved 
and more adequate facilities wdiich have been provided, it is thought 
that the College is w^ell able to promote this class of work to a greater 
extent than has been possible in the past ; and the competition hereby 
instituted should tend to elevate the standard of scholarship in the 
College. 

It will be a source of gratification to the members of the Asso- 
ciation to note the action of the Board of Trustees of the College with 
reference to the holding of scholarships in the College. One year ago 
ihe Association passed a resolution looking to the restriction of the 
holders of the State Scholarships to the Agricultural and Mechanical 
oourses in the College. This was with the idea of carrying out more 
completely the ideas of the founders of the College, in establishing a 



school for instruction in Agriculture and the Mechanic Arts. At the 
last meeting of the Board of Trustees an order was passed putting the 
restriction in full operation. It is along this and similar lines that the 
Association has a broad field provided in which to exert its efforts ; and 
as it increases in strength, it may be expected to make its influence felt 
for the advancement of the interest and the welfare of the College. 

The officers of the Association for the ensuing year are : — Presi- 
dent, F. B. Bomberger, '94; Vice-President, F. A. Soper, '6']; Secre- 
tary-Treasurer, S. S. Buckley, '93 ; Members-at-large of the Executive 
Committee, J. Enos Ray, '92, and A. S. Gill, '97. 

Graduates and members of the Association are requested to keep 
the Secretary-Treasurer informed of any changes in their addresses. 
Any information concerning the older graduates, which will enable the 
officers to locate and communicate with them, will facilitate their efforts 
and will tend to further the success of the Association. 

Address of the Secretary-Treasurer : — DR. S. S. BUCKLEY, 

College Park, Md. 

' LETTER FROM DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE. 

The following letter and circular will be of interest to young men 
entering this institution. It gives an excellent opportunit}^ for them to 
advance themselves in the line of their special work, at the same time re- 
ceiving a compensation which will enable them to pay all expenses. 
This ofifer on the part of the Department of Agriculture is greatly ap- 
preciated, and will, no doubt, be availed o' by many attending the Land- 
Grant Colleges — The best instructors and the most complete facilities 
are the advantages attending the opportunity : 

Department of Agriculture, Washington, D. C. 

June 27th, 1899. 
Dear Sir : — 

In my annual report to the President for 1898 I announced my in- 
tention of affording opportunities for graduates of agricultural college? 
to pursue post-graduate studies in connection with work in the scientific 
divisions of this Department, as far as practicable. In pursuance of 
this policy, I have made an arrangement with the Civil Service Com- 
mission for the registration of the graduates of colleges receiving the 
benefits of grants of land or money from the United States, who may 
desire to enter the service of the Departnient as "Scientific Aids" on thc 
terms stated in the notice of the Commission herewith enclosed. 

It seems to be entirely appropriate that the National Government 
should aid the institutions to which it has already so largely given finan- 
cial support, in the preparation of their graduates for posts of usefulnes.s 
in this Department, or in the States from which they come, especially 
as investigators and teachers along scientific lines. I hope, therefore, 
that the effort which I am now making in this direction will be but a 



45 



\)^s 



eginning of the opening up of opportunities for graduate study at the 
Xational Capital to those of your graduates who are especially fitted to 
do high grade scientific work. It will, of course, be understood that 
under present conditions the Department can admit only a very limited 
number of scientific aids. Our purpose is to choose from the eligible 
register those persons who furnish the best evidence of having peculi- 
arly good qualifications for aiding in the work of the Department now 
in progress. In extending this notice will you kindly explain to your 
graduates the necessity of making a clear and full statement of their at- 
tainments and qualifications in special lines of science? Correspondence 
regarding application blanks and other matters connected with regis- 
tration should be had promptly with the Civil Service Commission. 
Verv respectfullv, 

JAMES WILSON, 
Secretary Agriculture. 

To R. W. Silvester, President, College Park, Maryland. 

SCIENTIFIC AID 

DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE. 

AUGUST 1st, 1899. 

The United States Civil Service Conmiission announces that it 
desires to establish an eligible register for the position of scientific aid, 
Department of Agriculture. 

The examination will consist of the subjects mentioned below, 
which will be weighted as follows : — 

Subjects. Weights. 

1. College Course with F)achelor"s Degree 50 

2. Post-graduate course and special qualifications 25 

3. Thesis or other literature 25 

Total 100 

It w^ill be noted that applicants will not be required to appear at 
any place for examination, but will be required to file with the Commis- 
sion prior to the hour of closing business, on August ist, 1899, their 
statements and other material which will be required as specified in a 
s])ecial form which will be furnished them by the Commission, together 
with application blank (Form 304) in order to have their names entered 
upon the register which will be made immediately after the date men- 
tioned. Persons who are imable to file their applications prior to Au- 
gust 1st, 1899, may file them at any subsequent time, when they will be 
rated and the names of those attaining eligible averages will be entered 
upon the register. 

For the information of applicants, the following statement is made, 
as received from the Secretary of Agriculture : 



46 

1. An application will be limited to j^radua'tes of colleges receiv- 
ing the benefits of grants of land or money from the United States. 

2. Each applicant must file with the United States Civil Service 
Commission, Washington, D. C, a properly certified statement as U-- 
the length of time spent in College, the studies pursued, the standing 
in these studies, the special work it is desired to take up and the specia; 
qualifications for such work, and finally, a thesis upon such scientific 
subject as the applicant may select, or in lieu of this, any literature on 
scientific subjects published over his own signature. 

3. The length of time any scientific aid may serve in the Depart 
ment is limited to two (2) years. 

4. The salary shall not exceed forty dollars ($40.00) per month. 
The minimum age limitation for entrance to this examination is 

twenty (20) years ; there is no maximum age limitation. 

This examination is open to all citizens of the United States who 
comply with the requirements. All such citizens are invited to apply. 
Thev will be examined, graded and certified, without regard to any con- 
sideration, save their ability as shown by them in the examination. Per 
sons desiring to compete should at once apply to the United Statc> 
Civil Service Commission, Washington, D. C., for application blank., 
(Form 304) and special forms. 



47 



MEDALS AWARDED. 

COMMENCEMENT 1899. 

Senior Class J. C. Blandford. 

Gold Medal for Highest Standing- for Entire Course. 

Junior Class H. J. Kefauver. 

Gold !Medal for Highest Standing for Three Years. 

Alumni j\tedal R. J- ]McCandlish. 

Gold Medal for Best Debater, Mercer Literary Society. 

Alumni Medal J. D. Bowman. 

Gold Medal for Highest Standing in Mechanical Department. 

Alumni Medal ?^I. N. Straughn. 

Gold Medal for Best Thesis on a Subject of Original Re- 
search Relating to Mechanical or Agricultural Science. 
Oratorical ^Association of Maryland Colleges, ?vfedal. .H. J. Kefauver. 
Excellence in Oratorical Contest. 



48 



GRADUATES OF 1899 AND DEGREES CONFERRED. 



James Cleary Blandford Clinton, Prince George's Co., ]\ld. 

Degree of M. E. 

Hiram Edward Collins Princess Anne, Somerset Co., Md. 

Degree of A. B. 
John Agiistus English Eyster Baltimore, Md. 

Degree of B. S. 
Matthew Ilenry Gait Taneytown, Carroll Co., Md. 

Degree of A. B. 
Thomas Reeder Gough Wicomico, Charles Co., Md. 

Degree of B. S. 
William Allen Hammond Baltimore, Md. 

Degree of A. B. 
James Franklin Kenley Level, Harford Co., Md. 

Degree of ]\I. E. 
Robert John McCandlish Piedmont, W. Va. 

Degree of B. S. 
Thomas Malcolm Price Darlington, Harford Co., Md. 

Degree of B. S. 
John Bernard Robb Port Royal, Va. 

Degree of B. S. 
J. Owen Sedwick Baltimore, Md. 

Degree of A. B. 
Daniel Frederick Shamberger. , . .College Park, Prince Geo. Co., Md. 

Degree of M. E. 
James Henry Shipley Ingleside, Queen Anne's Co., Md. 

Degree of B. S. 
Martin Norris Stranghn Unionville, Frederick Co., Md. 

Degree of B. S. 
Tra Engler Whitehill Shamburg, Baltimore Co., Md. 

Degree of A. B. 



49 

ROSTER OF STUDENTS. 
SESSION OF 1898-1899. 

SENIOR CLASS: 

lilandford, J. C Clinton, Md. 

( oUins, H. E Princess Anne Md. 

I^vster, J. E. A Baltimore, Md. 

Gait, M. H Taneytown, Md. 

Cough, T. R Wicomico, Md. 

Hammond, W. A Baltimore, Md. 

Kenley, J. F Level, Md. 

^IcCandlish, R. J Piedmont, W. Va. 

Price, T. M Darlington Md. 

Robb, J. B Port Royal, Va. 

Sedwick, J. O Baltimore, Md. 

Sliamberger, D. F Shambtirg, Md. 

Shipley, J. H College Park, Md. 

Straughn, M, N Ingleside, Md. 

Whitehill, I. E Unionville, Md. 

Total 15. 

JUNIOR CLASS : . - 

Borst, T. F Baltimore, Md. 

Choate, E. S Randallstown, Md. 

Cluirch, C. G College Park, Md. 

Ewens, A. E Baltimore, Md 

Grason, A. S. R... , . . . Towson, Md. 

Groff, W. D ., Owings Mills. Md. 

Jenifer, R. M Lock Raven, Md. 4f 

Ketaitver, H. J • ■ • • • Frederick, Md. 

•^lassey, Thos Chestertown, Md. - ^' 

Peach, S Mitch ellsville. Md. 

Sappington, E. N Darlington, Md. 

Sn.dler, A. C Westover, Md. 

Talbot, W. H Willows P. O., Md. 

V'eigpnd, W. H Leitersburg, Md. 

/^ ,. ■ ^ Total 14. 






■ 50 

SOPHOMORE CLASS: ' " 

Alvey, H Hagerstown, Md. 

Cashell, D. W Clarksville, Md. 

Cobey, W. W Grayton, Md. 

\Foxwell, F. T Leonardtown, Md. 

Allarv^ey, M Randallstown, Balto. Co. 

Hardisty, J. T Collington, Md. 

^ Hines, F. B Chestertown, Md. 

>^McDonnell, F. V Florence, Pa. 

Ninninger, A. R Baltimore, Md. 

\Peters, F. H Westley, Md. 

Peyton, J. O Wa.shington, D. C. 

Roberts, A. W Brightseat, Md. 

Scott, A. N Buffalo, N. Y. 

Viers, F. V. R Baltimore, Md. 

-AVhiteford, H. C Whitefords, Md. 

'^nigo, A. L Mexico. 

. - Total 15. '■ 

FRESHMAN CLASS 1898-1899: 

Beall, S. R Beltsville, Md. 

Bowman, J. D Hyattsville, Md. 

Bradley, J. A Chestertown, Md. 

Branham, H. C . Baltimore, Md. 

Carroll, D. G Baltimore, Md. - 

Cooke, S. I Hyattsville, Md. 

Darby, R. J Buck Lodge, Md. 

Dickey, C. E .Chicago, 111. 

X^ Fendall, W. S Towson, Md. 

Gideon, C. C Washington, D. C. 

Grimes, A. M Concord, Ky. 

% Harvey, J Cross Roads, Md. 

Hopkins, I. C Halls, Md. 

Jenifer, D. O Lock Raven, Md. 

Knox. E. W Baltimore, Md. 

Mackall, L. E Mackall, Md. - ., 

Mangimi, C. R Riverdale, Md. 

Mitchell R. L La Plata, Md. ' 

Posev, A. A Faulkner, Md. 



/ 



51 

FRESHMAN CLASS 1898-1899. 

Posey, F. W Faulkner, Md. 

;\IcGlone, F. L Cobham, Va. 

Payne, W. H Washington, D. C. 

Rzy, A. A Chillum, Md. 

PeuiM-, C. F Port Deposit, Md. 

Robertson, M. G Washington, D. C. 

Xoble, T. S Taylor's" Island, Md. 

Schacker, C. H Baltimore, Md. 

Shanklin, P Lock Raven, Md. 

Sozinskey, T. S Millington, Md. 

Stone, R. D Washington, D. C. 

Symons, T. B Easton, Md. 

Schoen, M. S Baltimore, Md. 

Scoggins, S. R Washington, D. C. 

Welsh, G. P Washington, D. C. 

Wolfe, R Union Bridge, Md. 

Total 35. 

PREPARATORY CLASS : 

Armistead, C. H Washington, D. C. 

Putschky, J. H North Point, Md. 

Carter, C. B Greensboro, Md. 

Irook, C. C Baltimore, Md. 

Devon, J College Park, Md. 

(uitch, W. B . Gardenville, Md. 

Hogg. J. G Baltimore, Md. 

Plamblin, R Wango, Md. 

Irby, R. G Washington, D. C. 

Kelchner, G. A. M Rockville, Md. 

Lake, C. O Baltimore, Md. 

^Nleikle, R. J j Baltimore, Md. 

i\rerryman, T. C Monkton, Md. 

Nicholls, S. B Germantown, Md. 

Sappington, J. W Overton, Md. 

Smith, E. H Govanstown, Md. 

Sincell, G. L Oakland, Md. 

Summers, Norman Washington, D. C. 



J 



i)2 

PREPARATORY CLASS: 

Wilkins, E. M ... Chestertown, Md. 

Warren, G. L • Brooklyn, N. Y. 

Total t;. 

SPECIALS: '' 

Kolk, J. R Gittings, Md. r 

Mayo, R. W. B Hyattsville, Md. . 

Total in all Classes 102. 



INDEX. 



Page. 

Alumni Association 42 

Agricultural Department 10 

Articles Necessary 41 

i >oard of Trustees 3 

Biology and Geology 23 

I Jotany and Pathology 27 

Calendar 6 

Committees of the Board I 

Chemistry 20 

Courses of Study 33 

Discipline and Regulations 39 

Explanation of Fees 41 

Equipment of Work 10 

English and Civics 17 

l*"aculty 5 

Craduates and Degrees 48 

General Aim and Purposes 9 

Horticulture 25 

Historical Sketch 7 

History and Physics 19 

Literary 32 

Letter 43 

Languages 29 

Location and Description 8 

Military Department 32 

Medals Awarded 47 

-Mechanical Engineering 11 

Mathematics 15 

( )utline of Course of Study 34 

Physical Culture T)2 

Preparatory Department 31 

1 Vomotion 38 

Physics 21 

Requirements for Admission 7 

Roster of Students 49 

Scholarship 38 

Student Organization 39 

Student Expenses 40 

Time of Payment and Terms 40 

Cniform 41 

\ eterinary Sciences 28 



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