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Full text of "Circular of the Maryland Agricultural College"

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THE 



MARYLAND 



Agpicultupal COLLKr. 




CATALOGUE. 






YEAR I900-'0I. 



Tlir: 



AUPYLAND 



Agpicultupal C0LLI:(jC 




CATALOGUE. 



VEAI^ I^OCHil. 



Board of Trustees. 

Members Ex-offido. 
Hon. Joha Walter Smith Governor, Fresideut of tlie Board. 

Hon. J. W. Hering Comptroller of the Treasury 

Hon, Isidor Rayner Attorney General. 

Hon. Murray Vandiver Staie Treasurer. 

Hon, John Hubner . . .President of the Senate. 

Hon. Lloyd Wilkinson Speaker of the House of Delegates. 

Members Representing Stockholders. 

Allen Dodge, Esq., Washington, D. C. 

Chas. B, Calvert, Esq., College Park, Md. 

Chas. H. Stanley, Esq Laurel, Md. 

Hon. M. de K. Smith ~ Chestertown, Md. 

Harold Walsh, Esq Jerusalem Mills, Md. 

Members Appointed by the Governor. 

Chas. W. Slagle, Esq., Baltimore, Md Term expires 1902. 

W. S. Whitef ord, Esq., Whitefords, Md " " 1902. 

J. M. Monroe, Esq., Anne Arundel Co., Md " " 1904 

Hon. Chas. H. Evans, Baltimore, Md " " 1904. 

C. J. Purnell, Esq., Snow Hill, Md " " 1906. 

Hon. David Seibert, Clear Spring, Md " " 1906. 



Standing G>mmittccs of the Board of Trustees. 

COMMITTEE ON AGRICULTURE. 
Messrs. Stanley, Vandiver, Slagle, Seibert and Whiteford. 



COMMITTEE ON FINANCE. 
Messrs. Vandiver, Stanley, Walsh, Monroe and Hering. 



COMMITTEE ON EDUCATION. 
Messrs. Monroe, Dodge, Rayner, Hubner and Evans. 



COMMITTEE ON FACILITIES FOR INSTRUCTION. 
Messrs. Evans, Monroe and Walsh. 



COMMITTEE ON AUDITING. 
Messrs. Vandiver, Slagle and Stanley. 



COMMITTEE ON EASTERN BRANCH. 
Messrs. Smith, Piirnell and Slagle. 



COMMITTEE ON BUILDINGS AND GROUNDS. 
Messrs. Whiteford, Calvert, Slagle, Stanley and Evans. 



EXECUTIVE COMMITTEE. 
Messrs. Stanley, Vandiver, Monroe, Evans, Smith and Whiteford. 



Officers and Faculty of Instruction, 



R. W. SILVESTER, 
President and Professor of Mathematics. 



•Of Eugii«h and Civics. 



W. T. L. Taliaferro Prof, of Agriculture. 

Harry Gwinner, M. M. E Prof. Mechanical Engineering-. 

H. B. McDonnell, M. D., B. S Prof, of Chemistr3\ 

Henrj^ I/anahan, A. B. Prof. Civics and Civil Engineering'. 

James S. Robinson Prof, of Horticulture, 

W. G. Johnson, A. M Prof, of Entomology. 

C. O. Townsend, Ph. D Prof. Pathology and Botany. 

Thos. H. Spence, A. M Prof, of Languages. 

F. B. Bomberger, B. S Professor of English and Civics. 

Samuel S. Buckley, M. S., D. V. S...Prof. of Veterinary Science. 

Henrj^ T. Harrison, Principal of Preparatory Department. 

Chas. S. Richardson, Director of Physical Culture and In- 
structor in Elocution. 
J. H. Mitchell, M. E Assistant in Mechanical Engineering. 

H. P. Gould, M. S Assistant in Entomology. 

G. L. Stewart, B. S Assistant in Pathology and Botany. 

J. R. Laughlin, B. S ] 

M. N. Straughn, B. S I 

J. B. Robb, B. S [ Assistants in Chemistry (State Work). 

T. R. Gough, B. S 

C. G. Church, B. S 

George S. Edelen, B. S Assistant in Chemistry (Collegiate 

Work). 

Jos. R. Owens, M. D Registrar and Treasurer. 

W. O. Eversfield, M. D Physician in Charge, 

Miss M. L. Spence, Typewriter and Stenographer. 

*Will be supplied. . 



Calendar for J 900- 1 90 1. 



FALL TERM. 

September 20-22 Entrance Examinations. 

September 24, Monday, 9 A. M, College Work Begins. 

October 12, Friday, Meeting of the Board of Trustees. 

December 21, Fall Term Ends. 

December 14, Friday, Meeting of the Board of Trustees. 

December 21, noon, January 2, noon Christmas Holidays. 

WINTER TERM. 
January 2, Winter Term Begins. 

March 8 Friday, Meeting of the Board of Trustees. 

April 3, Winter Terra Ends. 

April 4, noon, 9, noon Easter Holidays. 



SPRING TERM. 
April 10, Spring Term Begin 

June 1-14, Final Examinations. 

June 14, .Friday, Meeting of the Board of Trustees, 

June 16, Sunday, Baccalaureate Sermon 4 P. M, 

June 17, Class Day, 

June 18, Alumni Day, 

June 19, Commencement Day, Exercises 11 A. M 



b. 



^ HISTORICAL SKETCH. 

As some misapprehension seems to exist in the mind of the general 
public as to the exact nature of the instruction offered by the Maryland 
Agricultural College and the function of the institution as a part of the 
educational system of the State, it is thought advisable at this time to 
make some very definite statement of the precise character of the work 
of the College, its raison d^etre, and the aims and hopes of the present 
administration in endeavoring to carry out to the fullest extent the am- 
bitions and ideals of its founders. A brief account of the origin and 
history of the institution may serve to make clear its purpose and the 
scope of its work. 

The Maryland Agricultural College was incorporated by an Act of 
the General Assembly of Maryland, dated March 6th, 1856, at a time 
when but one other such institution existed in the United States. Its 
express purpose was defined to be, "To instruct the youthful student in 
those arts and sciences indispensable to successful agricultural pursuit." 
Under the charter thus granted to a party of public-spirited private in- 
dividuals, the original college building was erected and its doors 
opened to students in the fall of 1859. For three years it was conducted 
as a private institution ; but in 1862 the Congress of the United States, 
recognizing the valuable work in the cause of practical education which 
such colleges were doing for the country, passed the "Land-grant Act," 
providing for the establishment and maintenance of agricultural col- 
leges, by applying for that purpose a proportionate amount of un- 
claimed Western land, in place of scrip, to each State and Territory in 
the Union. This grant having been formally accepted by the General 
Assembly of Maryland, and the Maryland Agricultural College being 
named as the beneficiary of the grant, the College thus became, in part, 
at least, a State institution, and such it is at the present time. 

In 1887 the Federal Congress passed a second important Act in 
aid of the agricultural interests, appropriating $15,000 a year for the 
establishment and maintenance of agricultural experiment stations. 
The Maryland station was located on the college farm, and was made 
a department of the College. In 1892 the Board of Trustees so far 
separated it from the college as to put it under a special Director, who 
is directly responsible to the Board. The function of the Experiment 
Station is the investigation of those agricultural problems of most in- 
terest and concern to the farmers of the State, and the publication and 
dissemination of the results of such experiments, in the form of bul- 
letins, for the information and guidance of those interested in agricul- 
ture. Since the inception of the Experiment Station, its influence has 
steadily increased and its sphere of usefulness has constantly widened, 
until it is now a well recognized factor in the agricultural development 
of Maryland. 



Once more, in 1892, the Federal Government came to the aid of 
the agricultural and mechanical colleges. By the Act of ("ongress of 
that year an annual appropriation of $15,000, to be increased by $1,000 
each year until the sum of $25,000 was reached, was granted each State, 
to be applied to the further equipment and support of the agricultural 
and mechanical colleges. The primary object of this legislation was 
the development of the departments of agricultural and the mechanical 
arts, and the branches kindred thereto. Maryland, as was the case in 
all the States of the South, in order to comply with the terms of the 
Act of Congress, divided this fund between the State Agricultural Col- 
lege and a somewhat similar institution for the education of colored 
students, located at Princess Anne, on the Eastern Shore of Maryland. 

During the last seven years the history of the College has been that 
of steady growth. This fact is evidenced by the increased numbers of 
students availing themselves of its facilities ; by the erection of many 
new buildings — the Ifbrary and gymnasium building, the new chemical 
laboratory, the mechanical engineering building, the Morrill Hall and 
the new college barn — as well as by the establishment of the Depart- 
ment of Farmers' Institutes and the Departments of State Entomology 
and State Pathology. Under such favorable auspices the institution 
must continue to grow, and ultimately reach the status of being the 
most important factor in the agricultural and industrial development 
of the State. - - . 

LOCATION AND DESCRIPTION. - -- 

The Maryland Agricultural College is located in Prince George's 
County, ^laryland, on the line of the Washington Branch of the B. & 
O. R. R., eight miles from Washington, and thirty-two miles from 
Baltimore. At least ten trains a day, from each city, stop at College 
Station, thus making the place easily accessible from all parts of the 
State. 

The telegraph station is Hyattsville, connected with the college by 
a private telephone line. 

The college grounds front on the Baltimore and Washington turn- 
pike. The suburban town of Hyattsville is two and one-half miles to 
the south, and Laurel, the largest town in the county, is thirteen miles 
to the north, on the same road. Connection with Washington by the 
District and Suburban Electric Railway has recently been established. 

The site of the college is particularly beautiful. The buildings 
occupy the crest of a commanding hill, covered with forest trees, and 
overlooking the entire surrounding country. In front, extending to the 
turnpike, is a broad, rolling campus, the drill ground and athletic field 
of the students. In the rear are the farm buildings and barn. A quar- 
ter of a mile to the northeast are the buildings of the Experiment 
Station. The college farm contains about three hundred acres, and is 
devoted to the gardens, orchards, vineyard and to general farming. 



The main college building is of brick, five stories in height. It 
•contains the students' quarters, mess hall, chapel, lecture rooms and 
offices. The dormitories are large, well ventilated, and provided with 
fire escapes and bath and water rooms. All the buildings are lighted 
with gas and heated with steam from central plants on the college 
grounds. During the past summer extensive improvements were made 
in the plumbing and sanitary arrangements of the building. An addi- 
tion to the main building has been erected, containing commodious 
bath rooms on each floor, with the most modern appliances for the 
comfort and health of the students. 

The Mechanical Engineering Department is located in a new two- 
: story brick building, completed in 1896, and now thoroughly equipped. 
It contains workshops for carpentry and forging, machinery rooms, a 
drawing room, library and office. It is a model building of its kind. 

The new chemical building was completed in 1897, and is now 
thoroughly equipped. It contains several lecture rooms, laboratories 
for practical work and for the analysis of fertilizers and feeding material 
for domestic animals, which work is assigned to the Professor of Chem- 
istr}^ at this college by an Act of the General Assembly. He is thus the 
State Chemist. 

In 1894 the present building of the gymnasium and library was 

•erected. The gymnasium on the ground floor is well furnished with 

modem athletic appliances. The library and reading room is on the 

second floor, and is a large, well lighted and convenient room for the 

purpose. 

One of the most noteworthy additions to the group of college 
buildings is the new Morrill Hall, now completed. The building pro- 
vides ample accommodations for the Departments of Agriculture, Hor- 
ticulture, Biology, Physics, Entomology, Pathology and Veterinary 
Science, thus relieving the pressure of close quarters, from which these 
■departments have suffered, and greatly extending their opportunities 
for the development of high-grade scientific work. 

Another important improvement to the working facilities of the 
college and farm is the erection of a new and model barn. Especial 
attention is invited to the arrangement of this building, which is in 
many ways an example of an almost perfect general utility farm build- 
ing. . 

The general appearance of the college grounds is exceedingly at- 
tractive. They are tastefully laid oflf in lawn and terraces, with orna- 
mental shrubbery and flower plots, and the view from the grove and 
■campus cannot be surpassed. ■ 

The location of the college is entirely healthful ; the sanitary con- 
ditions are excellent. No better proof of this can be given than that 
there has been no really serious case of illness among the students for 
nearly ten years. 



lO 

GENERAL AIM AND PURPOSE. 

The Agricultural College is the State School of Science and Tech- 
nology. While seeking, first of all, to perform the functions of an agri- 
cultural college, its sphere of work has been widened to embrace all 
the sciences akin to agriculture, and all the arts related to mechanical 
training. To these special and prominent lines of work have been 
added such branches of study as are necessary for a liberal education, 
for the development of the intelligent citizen, and the making of the 
man of general culture. The purpose of this college is to give to young 
men anxious to prepare themselves for the active duties of life, such 
training in the sciences or in the mechanical workshop as will enable 
them to take their places in the industrial world well prepared for the 
fierce competition of the day. 

Recognizing that such an education, in order to be of practical 
advantage to the many, must be offered at a cost within the means of 
all, the expenses for the year to the student have been reduced to the 
point where his college dues are not in excess of his ordinary daily ex- 
penses. It is to be remembered that the college is a State institution. 
in part supported by the State, in part by the Federal Government, 
through its several endowment Acts, and that it is in no sense a money- 
making institution, but simply a medium of disbursement by the gov- 
ernment to those classes upon whom the safety and prosperity of the 
State so largely depend. 

While the college provides, as will hereinafter be explained, several 
distinct courses of instruction, looking to the special training of the 
student in agriculture, mechanical engineering, the natural and physical 
sciences and belle lettres, the fact is clearly kept in view that a sound 
foundation must be laid for each and every course. Successful speciali- 
zation is only possible after the student has been prepared for it by a 
thorough training in the essentials. All education must be narrow and 
one-sided which does not provide for the general culture of the student, 
and which does not look first to the natural and normal development 
of the individual. The general working plan of the college may be 
thus described: It begins with the student in his first, or Freshman 
year, a systematic and carefully adjusted scheme of work, differing but 
little in the several courses, and looking to his general development in 
mental strength, range of information and power of expression and 
thought. At the beginning of his second, or sophomore year, differen- 
tiation may be said to begin along those lines in which he shows most 
natural aptitude. This gradual specialization continues during his third 
or junior year, until in his last, or senior year, his work consists wholly 
of one or more closely connected topics in which he is thus able thor- 
oughly to prepare himself. With the present equipment of the labora- 
tories and mechanical workshops, a student is able to become so pro- 



',.■■- ■ li - ' : - 

ficient in) his chosen line of work that when he leaves the college a 
career is open to him if he chooses to avail himself of it. 

The Agricultural College is, legitimately, the crowning point of 
the Public School System of Maryland. Its aim is to provide a higher 
education to the graduates of the county schools. To this end its curric- 
ulum is adjusted to meet the preparation of such students. It is this 
class of young men that the college is especially desirous of reaching. 
Experience has shown that our most satisfactory students come as 
graduates from the county schools ; and no efforts will be spared to 
make the transition from the high school or grammar school to the 
college a possible one for all those actuated by an earnest desire to 
complete their education. 

DEPARTMENTS— EQUIPMENT AND WORK. 

The following is a brief account of the equipment of the several 
departments of the college, and the general character of the instruction 
given in each, 

AGRICULTURAL DEPARTMENT. 

Prof. W. T. L. Taliaferro. 

The Agricultural Department offers four courses — (a) a four-years'" 
course leading to the degree of B. S. ; (b) a special two-years' course ; 
(c) a special creamery course ; (d) a six-weeks' winter course. 

Outline of Four Years' Course, Freshman Year: 

First Session, Course I. — No. hours per week : 3 recitative, 4 prac- 
tical. The general principles of agriculture, including the composition 
of soils and plants, the mechanical conditions of soils, elementary drain- 
age, cultivation of the soil, plant reproduction, manures and fertilizers, 
rotation of crops, food and manure value of crops, farm live stock. 

This course aims to give a comprehensive, though elementary 
knowledge of the principles and practice of agriculture, and is arranged 
on the basis of a minimum of theory and a maximum of facts. Gulley's 
"First Lessons in Agriculture" is used as a text-book, but the greater 
part of the work is in the fields and stables. 

Second Session, Course II. — No. hours per week: 2 recitative, 5 
practical, (a) Stock judging and the study of breeds of stock in detail,, 
including history, purpose and characteristics of the principal breeds. 
Curtis' "Horses, Cattle, Sheep and Swine" is used as a text-book, 
but is combined with a critical comparative study of the College and 
Station live stock. 

Spring crops, preparation of land for cultivation, fertilization. 
Text-book, Morrow & Hunt's "Soils and Crops," in connection with 



12 

laboratory work and field notes on the spring work on the College and 
Station farms. 

Sophomore Year, First Session, Course III. — No. hours per week : 
2 recitative, 3 practical, (a) Fall crops, preparation of land for fertili- 
zation, planting, harvesting, conducted by text-book (Morrow & 
Hunt's "Soils and Crops"), laboratory work and systematic field notes ; 

(b) the study of the physical and chemical conditions of soils in their 
relation to agriculture. The soil is the basis of all agriculture, and a 
knowledge of its properties and functions cannot be too strongly em- 
phasized. The study of this important subject is conducted by means 
of laboratorv and field work, lecture and text-book, Prof. King's 
("The Soil"). 

Second Session, Course IV. — No. hours per week : 2 recitative, 3 
practical, (a) The study of soils, continued ; (b) farm drainage ; prac- 
tical work and text-book (Waring's "Drainage for Profit and Health") ; 

(c) Farm machinery and cultivation of spring crops. Lecture and prac- 
tice work, field notes. 

Junior Year, Second Session, Course V. — No. hours per week : 2 
recitative. The principles of stock breeding. The wonderful success 
which has attended the efforts of well-informed and judicious breeders 
on the one hand, and on the other the greater number of practically 
Avorthless animals to be found in the country, clearly illustrate the need 
on the part of the general farmer for a more intimate knowledge of, 
and a closer attention to, the principles which underlie this important 
branch of farming. Miles' "Stock Breeding" is the text-book in the 
course, but is reinforced by the study of the breeding and records of 
noted animals in all of the principal breeds. 

Senior Year, First Session, Course VI. — Hours per week: 10 (a) 
Stock Feeding ; lectures and practical work ; reference books, Henry's 
"Feeds and Feeding," Stewart's "Feeding Animals," Experiment Sta- 
tion and United States Agricultural Department bulletins ; (b) Fertili- 
zers and soil fertility ; text-books, Roberts' "Fertility of the Land ;" (c) 
Farm accounts and management ; lectures and practical work. 

Second Session, Course VII. — No. hours per week : 10. (a) Dairy, 
(b) Farm specialties, poultry, bee-keeping, forestry, etc., thesis work. 

Mr. Doane. 

DEPARTMENT OF MECHANICAL ENGINEERING. 

Professor H. Gwinner, and J. H. Mitchell, Assistant. 

: FRESHMAN YEAR. 
First Session Course I. 

Mechanical Drawing: — Two-hour lectures and recitations. Six 



13 

hours practice in problems of projections and copying of details of ma- 
chinery ; the plates upon completion being enclosed in neat covers 
properly titled by the student. Text-book, Rouillion's "Mechanical 
Drawing." 

Mr. Mitchell. 

Technical Instruction : — Two hours per week. Lectures and reci- 
tations on the necessity of mechanical drawing in its relation to shop 
work and the explanation of the reading of drawings in connection 
with the finished product. The proper cutting of angles, care and ad- 
justment of wood-working tools. Wood : — Its shrinking, warping and 
how to correct and prevent it. Relative strength of joints. Text-book,. 
Goss' "Bench Work in Wood." 

Mr. Mitchell. 

Laboratory Work: — Six hours per week. Uses of the ordinary 
carpenter tools in the manufacture of ordinary joints and small tables ;. 
exercises in the principles of wood turning. 

Prof. Gwinner. 

Second Session Course 11. 

Mechanical Drawing: — Six hours practice per week. Drawing 
the details of simple machines and various styles of lettering, suitable 
for commercial work. Text-book, Rouillion's "Mechanical Drawing."^ 

Mr. Mitchell. 

Laboratory W"ork : — Six hours per week. Exercises in the making 
of glue and doweled joints, as used in pattern making and cabinet 
work. Inside and outside chucking for wood turning. The making of 
patterns for one or more sets of machines. 

Prof. Gwinner. 
SOPHOMORE YEAR. 

First Session Course III. 

Mechanical Drawing : — Four hours per week. Care and manipu- 
lation of drawing instruments and materials. Free-hand sketching of 
details of machinery and drawing to scale from these sketches. Text- 
book, Anthony's "Mechanical Drawing." 

- Mr. Mitchell. 

Technical Instruction: — One hour per week. Lectures on the 
manufacture and management in the forge of iron and steel. 

Mr. Mitchell. 



14 

Elementary Applied Mechanics : — Three hours per week. Under 
this branch of service is studied the transmission of power by belts and 
pulleys, the results of forces acting upon bodies, bolts, nuts and screws, 
hydraulic jack, inclined plane and the laws of friction. Text-book, 
Jamieson's "Applied Mechanics." 

Prof. Gwinner. 

Laboratory Work: — Four hours per week. Exercises in black- 
smithing; which include the elementary operations of drawing out, 
upsetting, bending and welding of iron and the making and tempering 
of steel tools. 

= Mr. Mitchell. 

Second Session Course IV. 

Mechanical Drawing: — Six hours per week. Tracing and blue 
printing and the representation of flat and round surfaces by ink shad- 
ing. Text-book, Anthony's "Mechanical Drawing." 

Mr. Mitchell. 

Laboratory Work: — Six hours per week. Molding and casting 
in iron and management of the cupola during the process of melting 
and pouring ofif of iron. 

Mr. Mitchell. 
JUNIOR YEAR. 
First Session Course V. 

Machine Drawing : — Four times per week. Elementary machine 
drawing, tracing and blue printing. Text-book, Anthony's "Machine 
Drawing." 

Prof. Gwinner. 

Laboratory Work : — Six hours per week. Elementary principles 
of vise and machine work, which include turning, planing, drilling, 
chipping and filing. This is preceded by a study of the different 
machines used in the machine shops. 

Mr. Mitchell. 

Second Session Course VI. 

Descriptive Geometry: — ^Three hours per week. Its relation to 
mechanical drawing, and solution of problems relating to magnitudes 
in space, bearing directly upon those mostly needed by the engineer. 
Text-book, Faunce's "Descriptive Geometry." 

Prof. Gwinner. 



- ... 15 

Steam Engines and Boilers : — Three hours per week. The prin- 
ciples of the steam engine and a study of the prominent types of mod- 
ern engines. The slide valve and valve diagrams. The indicator and 
its diagrams. Steamboilers — the various types and their advantages 
and the method of construction. Text-book, Jamieson's "Steam En- 
gines," Low's "Power Catechism." 

Prof. Gwinner. 

Elementary Machine Design: — Four hours per week. The de- 
signing of bolts, nuts, screws and wrenches. Text-book, Low's "In- 
troduction to Machine Drawing and Design." 

Mr. Mitchell. 

Laboratory Work : — Four hours per week. Continuation of ele- 
ments of vise and machine work of Course V. 

Mr. Mitchell. 
SENIOR YEAR. 

First Session Course VII. 

Machine Design: — Four hours per week. The calculation and 
design of pipes, riveted joints, belt and tooth gearing. Text-book, 
Low & Bevis' "Machine Drawing and Design." 

Prof. Gwinner. 

Laboratory Work : — Eight hours per week. Advanced machine 
work. The laying out, assembling and construction of some piece of 
machinery — such as an engine, lathe or dynamo. 

Prof. Gwinner and Mr. Mitchell. 

Second Session Course VIII. 

Testing Laboratory: — From two to four hours per week. A 
course in experimental engineering. The micrometer and its uses, oil 
testing, determining the co-efficient of friction, the calibration of the 
planimeter and steam gauges, slide valve setting and indicator practice. 

Prof. Gwinner and Mr. Mitchell. 

Engine Designing: — Six hours per week. The calculation, de- 
signing and executing the working drawings of the various parts of a 
well-known type of stationary steam engines. 

Prof. Gwinner and Mr. Mitchell. 

Laboratory Work: — Ten hours per week. Advanced machine 
work, being a continuation of Course VII. 

Prof. Gwinner and Mr. Mitchell. 



i6 

Tours of Inspection:. — The members of the Senior Class go to- 
Baltimore or Washington, for the purpose of inspecting well-known 
manufacturing plants. 

EQUIPMENT. 

The Mechanical Engineering Laboratory is a two-story brick 
building, 45 feet by 60 feet, contains the carpenter, forge and foundry,, 
and machine shops, one drafting and two lecture rooms. An annex, 25. 
feet by 50 feet, contains two 60-horse power boilers, which furnish 
steam for power, heat and experimental purposes. 

The carpenter shop contains accommodations for twelve students 
in bench work and wood turning. The power machinery in this shop 
is a band and circular saw, five 12-inch turning lathes and a grinding 
stone. 

In the forge shop are nine power forges, one hand forge, a pres- 
sure fan and exhauster for keeping the shop free of smoke. There is 
a full assortment of smith tools for each forge. The moulding and cast- 
ing is done in the same room as the forge work, and great attention 
is given this branch as a knowledge of the foundry work is very essen- 
tial to the engineer. The foundry is equipped with a Whiting cu- 
pola, which melts 1,200 pounds of iron per hour, and the necessary 
flasks and tools. 

The machine shop contains one Reed lo-inch speed lathe, one 24- 
inch Gray planer, one 12-inch Reed combined foot and power lathe,. 
a Diamond No. 4 emery tool grinder, one 14-inch Reed engine lathe,. 
a Snyder 24-inch drill press and an assortment of vices, taps, dies, pipe 
tools and measuring instruments. 

An 8-inch by 12-inch engine drives the machinery of the different 
shops. It was presented to the college by the city of Baltimore and 
secured through the efforts of Com. John D. Ford, of the U. S. N. 

The drafting room is well equipped for practical work, having, 
suitable benches, lockers and blue print facilities, 

DEPARTMENT OF MATHEMATICS. 

PROF. R. W. SILVESTER. 

Mathematics is the basis upon which scientific information rests. A 
knowledge of the study is necessary, as much from the utilitarian point 
of view as from the mental training its acquisition gives. Its import- 
ance as a factor in our college course takes its rise from the former 
consideration. All instruction in this work is with a view to the equip- 
ping of students for the more practical work soon to follow. 

The class work in mathematics in the several courses consists of 



-V 



17 

arithmetic, bookkeeping-, algebra, geometry (plane and solid), trigo- 
nometry, plane and spherical), descriptive geometry, in its application 
to mechanical drawing, analytical geometry, differential and integral 
calculus, in their application to mechanics, engineering and physics 
and surveying. 

In the applied mathematics, bookkeeping is taught every student. 
No matter what vocation a man intends to follow, a knowledge of busi- 
ness forms and methods of systematic accounts is a requisite to success. 
To be able to use an ordinary compass or transit, for the purpose of 
laying out, dividing and calculating the area of land, or of running 
outlines and leveling for the purpose of drainage, is a necessary ac- 
complishment for every intelligent farmer. 

FRESHMAN YEAR. 

First Session , Course I. 

Number of hours per week, five. Algebra — Wentworth's com- 
plete, as far as Logarithms. 

Henry T. Harrison, Professor. 

Second Session Course H. 

Number of hours per week, three. Algebra — Wentworth's 
completed ; Geometry — First three books of Wentworth's Plane Ge- 
ometry. 

Henry T. Harrison, Professor. 

SOPHOMORE CLASS. 
First Session Course HI. 

Number of hours per week, four. Geometry, plane and solid, com- 
pleted. 

Second Session ' Course IV. 

Numbfer of hours per week, five. Trigonometry, completed. 

R. W. SILVESTER, Professor. 

JUNIOR CLASS. 
First Session Course V. 

Number of hours per week, five. Analytics, completed. 

R. W. SILVESTER, Professor. 



i8 
Second Session Course VI. 

Number of hours per week, four. Differential Calculus. 

Henry Lanahan, Professor. 

■ SENIOR CLASS. 
First Session Course VII. 

Integral Calculus. Henry Lanahan, Professor. 

DEPARTMENT OF ENGLISH AND CIVICS. 
Professor F. B. Bomberger. 

This department, as its names implies, covers the work of two dis- 
tinct courses of instruction. It seeks to prepare the student by system- 
atic training in the history, structure and use of the English language, 
for the highest development of his mental powers and for the complex 
duties and relations of life ; and further, to fit him for the active and in- 
telligent exercise of his rights and duties as a man and citizen. 

The course in English of necessity lies at the base of all other 
courses of instruction. A clear and comprehensive knowledge of his 
mother tongue is absolutely necessary to the student in pursuing any 
line of college work. Nor is this all, for aside from the practical value 
of the English instruction as an aid to other branches of study, and as 
a preparation for business and profession, it is to his training in this 
department, in connection with his study of history and the classics 
and modern languages, that the student must look for the acquiring of 
that general culture that has always been the distinguishing mark of 
the liberally educated man. The English work, which is common to 
all courses, consists of the study of the structure of the English lan- 
guage, literature (English and American), theoretical and practical 
rhetoric, logic, critical reading and analysis, and constant exercise in 
expression, composition and thesis writing. 

The course in civics is especially designed to prepare young men 
for the active duties of citizenship. The first two years are devoted to 
the study of general history, followed by the principles of civil govern- 
ment, constitutional history, political economy, with special reference 
to current social and industrial problems, and, finally, lectures on the 
elements of business law. 1 

ENGLISH COURSES. 

FRESHMAN YEAR. 
First Session Course I. 



-. - ^^ 

All students. Five hours per week. English language, review of 
grammar, practical exercises in analysis and synthesis, composition 
and letter-writing, study of roots and affixes. 

Second Session Course I. (Continued ) 

All students. Five hours per week. English language and prac- 
tice continued. 

SOPHOMORE YEAR. 

First Session Course 11. 

Classical, Scientific and Mechanical students. Four hours per 
week. Principles and practice of Rhetoric. 

First Session Course III. 

All students. One hour per week. Practical thesis work. 

Second Session Course IV. 

Classical and Mechanical students. Three hours per week. Prin- 
ciples and practice of Logic. 

Second Session Course III. (Continued.) 

All students. One hour per week. Practical thesis work. 

JUNIOR YEAR. 

First Session Course V. 

Classical students only. Three hours per week. English litera- 
ture. Text-book, lectures and readings. 

First Session Course III. (Contmued.) 

All students. One hour per week. Practical thesis work. 

Second Session Course VI. 

Classical students only. Three hours per week. American litera- 
ture. Text-book, lectures and readings. 



20 

Second Session Course III. (Continued.) 

All students. One hour per week. Practical thesis work. 

SENIOR YEAR. 
First Session Course VII. 

Classical students only. Three hours per week. Critical study of 
English classics. 

First Session Course VIII. 

Classical students only. Three hours per week. Principles of 
Psychology. Text-book and lectures. 

First Session Course III. (Continued.) 

All students. One hour per week. Practical thesis work. 

Second Session Course VII. (Continued.) 

Classical students only. Three hours per week. Critical study of 
English classics. 

Second Session Course VIII. (Continued.) 

Classical students only. Three hours per week. Principles ot Psy- 
chology. Text-book and lectures. 

Second Session Course III. (Continued.)' 

All students. One hour per week. Practical thesis work. 

HISTORY AND CIVICS COURSES. 

FRESHMAN YEAR. . 

Prof. F. B. Bomberger. 
First Session Course I. 

V 

Classical students only. Four hours per week. Outlines of an- 
cient history. Text-book and lectures. 

Second Session Course I. (Continued.) 

Classical students only. Course continued. Four hours per week> 



, . 21 

^ SOPHOMORE YEAR. 

Pirst Session Course II. 

Classical students only. Three hours per week. Outlines of me- 
dieval and modern history. Text-book and lectures. 

Second Session Course II. (Continued.) 

Three hours per week. 

JUNIOR YEAR. 
First Session Course III. 

Civil government in the United States. Two hours per week. 
Classical, chemical, biological and mechanical students. 

Second Session Course III. (Continued.) 

Two hours per week. 

' SENIOR YEAR. 

First Session Course IV. 

Classical students only. Three hours per week. Principles of 
political economy. 

First Session Course V. 

All students. One hour per week. Lectures on constitutional 
law. 

Second Session Course IV. 

Classical students (Continued). Three hours per week. 

Second Session Course VI. 

All students except classical. Three hours per week. Economic 
science and current problems. 

Second Session Course VII. 

All students. One hour per week. Lectures on business law. 



22 

DEPARTMENT OF CHEMISTRY. " . 

- Prof. H. B. McDonnell. G. S. Edelen, Assistant. 

The Chemical Department occupies the new chemical laboratory 
building, a substantial and commodious brick structure, which is lo- 
cated about ICO yards north of the main building. It contains, on the 
first floor, a lecture room, preparation room, office, and two labora- 
tories, with communicating balance room, which are used for State 
work. On the second floor are the students' laboratories, one for each 
class, a supply room and students' balance room. The department has 
a reference library of standard works, which is being gradually in- 
creased. The equipment of the laboratory is unusually full and com- 
plete. 

Instruction in chemistry is both theoretical and practical. Each 
student is assigned to a laboratory desk, which is provided with gas 
and water connections, and an outfit of chemicals and apparatus, for 
which he is held responsible, being charged for apparatus broken. This 
charge has averaged less than one dollar per year for Sophomores, and 
less than two dollars per year for Juniors and Seniors. 

Students making a specialty of chemistry are allowed to use the 
laboratories at any time between the hours of 8 A. M. and 5 P. M., and 
are encouraged to devote more time to practical work than is called for 
by the schedule. Such students have, invariably, been able to secure 
positions after graduation. 

The outline of the course, with names of text-books used and the 
number of hours per week, is as follows : 

SOPHOMORE YEAR. 

First Session Course I. 

"Introduction to the Study of Chemistry," Remsen's ; recitative 4 ; 
practical, 3. 

Second Session Course I. 

The same as first session ; recitative, 3 ; practical, 5 ; 

JUNIOR YEAR. 

First Session Course II. 

"Qualitative Analysis," Mason's ; recitative, 2 ; practical, 6 ; "De- 
terminative Mineralogy," Brush's ; recitative, 2 ; practical, 4. 



22, 

Second Session Course III. 






Advanced Chemistry," Remsen's ; recitative, 4; practical, 4; 
Quantitative Analysis" and "Assaying," practical, 6. 



SENIOR YEAR. 

First Session Course IV. 

"Organic Chemistry," Remsen's ; recitative, 4 ; determination of 
molecular and atomic weights, organic analysis, analysis of fodder, 
feed stuflfs, water, sugar, organic experiments, assaying, etc ; practical, 
10. 

Second Session Course V. 

The work of this session will be arranged to suit the requirements 
of the individual student, and will consist mainly in the preparation of 
a thesis, involving some original research ; recitative, 4 ; practical, 10. 

POST-GRADUATE COURSES. 

Advanced courses in general and technical chemistry and quan- 
titative analysis are arranged to meet the wants of individual cases. 

For graduates who have completed the five courses, as above, or 
their equivalent, courses are arranged leading to the degree of M. S. 
It is possible, by diligent application, to complete such a course in one 
year's work. A thesis is required, 

DEPARTMENT OF PHYSICS. 

Professor H. Lanahan. 

The Physical lecture-room and laboratory are located in Morrill 
Hall, in rooms excellently adapted to the purpose. The department is 
well supplied with apparatus for lecture-room demonstrations and for 
students' individual laboratory work, and new pieces of apparatus are 
added to the equipment each year. 

SOPHOMORE YEAR. 
First Session. . . . ; Course I. 

Elementary Physics, three periods per week. 

The course consists of lectures, recitations and experimental dem- 



& 



24 

onstrations by the instructor, on the mechanics of solids, liquids and 
gases. The student is required to work a number of problems, and 
his attention is directed to the practical applications of the principles 
studied. Text, Carhart & Chute's ''Elements of Physics." 

JUNIOR YEAR. 
Both Sessions Course II. 

Physics: — Four periods per week class-room work, and four 
periods per week laboratory work. 

The course begins with a review of mechanics, after which heat, 
sound, electricity and magnetism, and light are taken up successively, 
by lectures, recitations, problems and demonstrations. A knowledge 
of the elements of plane trigonometry is required for entrance. The 
laboratory work consists of a series of experiments, mainly quantitative, 
designed to illustrate and verify the laws and principles considered in 
the class-room, and to develop in the student skill in manipulation, and 
accuracy in making precise measurements. Written reports of the 
work done in the laboratory are required weekly. The text-books used 
are "Theory of Physics," Ames, and "Manual Experiments in 
Physics," Ames and Bliss. 

SENIOR YEAR. 

Both Sessions Course III. 

More advanced work will be provided for students who have 
completed the preceding courses and who wish to continue the study 
of physics. 

DEPARTMENT OF CIVIL ENGINEERING. 

Professor Lanahan. 

JUNIOR YEAR. 

Both Sessions Course I. 

Surveying : — ^Two periods per week class-room work ; three pe- 
riods per week field practice. 

The course includes the use and adjustment of engineering instru- 
ments ; the methods of land surveying ; the platting and computing of 
areas ; the dividing of land : leveling, and topographical surveying. 
Text, Davies' "Surveying." If time permits, the methods of locating 



25 

and staking out new roads will be taken up, and some attention given 
to road construction. The department is equipped with two survey- 
or's compasses, a Gurley transit, with solar attachment, and a 20-inch 
Gurlev level. 

SENIOR YEAR. 

First Session Course II. 

Graphic Statics : — Three periods per week. 

Including the theory and practice of the graphical methods of de- 
termining stresses in framed structures, particularly roof trusses ; and 
bending moments and shears in beams. The course is based on Hos- 
kins' Graphic Statics, and many of the problems are solved analytically 
as well as graphically. 

Second Session Course II. (Continued.) 

Strength of Materials : — Three periods per week. 

Treating of the elasticity and resistance of materials and construc- 
tion, and the mechanics of beams, columns and shafts. The text used 
is Merriman's "Mechanics of Materials," and a knowledge of integral 
calculus, is required for entrance to the course. 

DEPARTMENT OF HORTICULTURE. 

Professor J. S. Robinson, H. P. Gould, Assistant. 

FRESHMAN YEAR. 

Second Session Course I. 

Four hours per week. Lectures and practical work^ — two periods 
consecutive : First, Methods of propagation of plants, (a) seeds, 
Study of methods of germination, seeding and vitality; (b) Grafting; 
(c) Cuttings ; (d) Layers. 2. Character of soils as best adapted to dif- 
ferent fruits and vegetables : (a) J^Iethods of modification of soils. 3. 
Preparation of soil for planting and cultivation of fruits and vegetables. 
4. Manures, compost and fertilizers for fruits and vegetables. 5. Hot- 
beds and Cold-frames. Required preparations : — General knowledge 
of soils and proper soil conditions, and a general knowledge of the 
principles of soil fertilization, cultivation of plants and plant reproduc- 
tion- 
Prof. Robinson and Mr. Gould. 



26 

SOPHOMORE YEAR. 

First and Second Sessions Course II. 

Three hours per week. Lectures and practical work, two periods 
consecutive, i. Pruning — Theory and practice, (a) Orchard fruits ; 
(b) Small fruits ; (c) Vines. 2. Planting and cultivation of small fruits. 
3. Production of variety, (a) Pollination; (b) Cross-breeding. .}., 
Practical work in the greenhouse, with familiar talks on operations 
performed. 5. Gathering and marketing small fruits and vegetables. 
Required preparation : — Knowledge of elementary Physics, and a gen- 
eral knowledge of farm machinery and functions of plant organs. 

Prof. Robinson and Mr. Gould. 

JUNIOR YEAR. 

First Session Course IIL 

Three hours per week. Lectures and practical work, — two period? 
consecutive, i. Propagation by budding. 2. Identification of 
varieties of the orchard fruits. 3. Canning and preserving of fruits 
and vegetables. 4. Winter gardening under glass. 

Prof. Robinson and Mr. Gould. 

Second Session, (First Half) Course IV, 

Landscape gardening. Two consecutive periods per week. 

The treatment of the subject is with special reference to the im- 
provement of the home surroundings, and the use of native plants in 
their decoration ; the making of lawns and the laying-out and construc- 
tion of drives. 

Mr. Gould. 

Second Session, (Second Half) Course V. 

Spraying of plants. Two consecutive periods per week. A discus- 
sion of the principles underlying the operation ; and examination of the 
apparatus used ; the preparation of insecticides and fungicides, to- 
gether with practical demonstration in the field. The reference book : 
— Lodeman's "The Spraying of Plants." 

Mr. Gould. 
SENIOR YEAR. 

First Session Course VI, 

Three hours per week. Two consecutive lectures. The course of 
instruction for this year is intended to give an opportunity for those 



^7 

who may desire to specialize along- some particular line of horticul- 
tural work. Those selecting a particular line of work from the enum- 
eration given will be required to conduct some special investigation in 
that direction, and write a thesis upon the same. i. Orchard manage- 
ment ; (a) Selecting location ; (b) Selection of varieties ; (c) Methods of 
planting; (d) Methods of pruning to accomplish special objects; (e) 
Cultivation and fertilization. 2. Small fruits and truck farming. 3. 
Greenhouse management; (a) Vegetables; (b) Floral. 4. Markets, 
foreign and domestic. 5. Storage of fruits and vegetables. 6. 
Transportation. 

Prof. Robinson and Mr. Gould. 

Second Session Course VII. 

Plant variation and plant breeding. Two periods per week. The 
fact and philosophy of variation ; the effects of soil, climate, cultiva- 
tion and other ameliorating influences upon plants. The crossing and 
hybridizing of plants and their limits ; the importance of the cross and 
its relations to practical horticulture; breeding for a special purpose; 
selection, heredity, and the origin of domestic varieties. 

Reference Books: — Bailey's "Survival of the Unlike," Bailey's 
"Plant Breeding," Darwin's "Cross and Self-Fertilization in the Vege- 
table Kingdom," Darwin's "Animals and Plants under Domestication.'^ 

Mr. Gould. 

DEPARTMENT OF VETERINARY SCIENCE AND 

ZOOLOGY. 

Professor Samuel S. Buckley. 

SOPHOMORE YEAR. 

First Session Course I. 

Six hours per week for students in General Science course; four 
hours per week for students in Agricultural course. 

Elementary Biology : — A study of the microscope and microscopic 
methods. The lower forms of plant and animal life. This course is 
obligatory for those who wish to pursue advanced work in this de- 
partment, in botany or entomology. 

Second Session Course II. 

« 

Two lectures and two hours laboratory work per week for stu- 
dents in General Science and Agricultural courses. 



28 

Comparative Anatomy and Physiology : — Special reference to the 
processes of nutrition. Laboratory work will consist of dissections and 
tests, illustrating some of the chemical changes occurring within the 
body. Students in the General Science course will receive one extra 
lecture per week. , 

JUNIOR YEAR. " 

First Session Course III. 

Two lectures and four hours practical work for students in the 
Biological and Agricultural courses. 

Comparative Anatomy and Physiology: — The organs of locomo- 
tion, form and action. Disorders of nutrition and of locomotion. 

Second Session Course IV. 

Two lectures and four hours laboratory work per week for stu- 
dents in Biological and Agricultural courses. 

Vertebrate Zoology : — This course is adapted to the requirements 
of courses depending upon it, and will be largely practical. 

SENIOR YEAR. 
First Session Course V. 

Two lectures and six' hours of practical work per week. Diseases 
and accidents ; emergency treatment ; the administration of medicines ; 
means of restraint ; care and management ; nursing ; shoeing. This 
course may be elected as a minor. 

Second Session Course VI. 

Two lectures and six hours of practical work per week. 

Second Session .". Course V. (Continued.) 

Students electing Veterinary Science as a major subject must 
have completed Courses I to IV, inclusive. The course will conform 
to requirements of the subject of the Graduating Tliesis, and must be 
equivalent to at least ten hours of recitative work throughout the year. 

DEPARTMENT OF ENTOMOLOGY. 

Prof. W. G. Johnson, H. P. Gould, Assistant. 

The instruction in this department is given by means of lectures, 
laboratory practice and field work. In the lectures the more general 



29 

questions are discussed with a view to giving the students as broad a 
knowledge of the subject as is practicable in the time devoted to it. 
In the laboratory work especial attention is paid to the methods of in- 
vestigation and to training in accurate observation and recording facts. 
The work of this department is open only to Juniors and Seniors 
in the General Science and Agricultural Courses, unless by special per- 
mission, and must be preceded by the courses in General Practical 
Biology and Invertebrate Zoology in the Sophomore year. 

INVERTEBRATE ZOOLOGY. 

First Session Course I. 

For Juniors in Agriculture and Science — First session — two 
lectures and two laboratory periods of two hours each per week. 

This course involves a study of representatives of the principal 
groups of invertebrate animals together with lectures on their structure 
and classification. 

JUNIOR YEAR. 

Second Session Course II. 

Two lectures and four laboratory hours per week. 

General Course : — Lectures, two hours per week, treating of the 
zoological position of insects, the characteristics of the orders, sub- 
orders, and the more important families ; the habits of insects with spe- 
cial reference to those species that are of economic importance ; and 
the practical application of entomology, including discussion of in- 
secticides, and of the various methods of controlling the ravages of 
insects injurious to agriculture. The laboratory and field work, four 
hours per week, includes the study and more general features of insect 
anatomy, the determination of general species, the collection and pres- 
ervation of insects, the preparation and application of insecticides, and 
the mechanical construction of spraying apparatus. 

Prof. Johnson and Mr. Gould. 

SENIOR YEAR. 

First and Second Session Course II. 

Hours to be arranged. 

Advanced Course: — Open only to students who have completed 
Course I, or its equivalent. This course consists of special work in 
morphology, or classification, or working out the life history of insects. 
Students making entomology their major, will be required to devote 



30 

at least ten hours per week, throughout the year, to this course; and 
prepare an original thesis upon the subject chosen or assigned. 

Prof. Johnson and Mr. Gould. 

DEPARTMENT OF BOTANY AND PLANT PATHOLOGY. 

Prof. C. O. Townsend, G. L. Stewart, Assistant. 

SOPHOMORE YEAR. 

First Session Course I. 

Four hours per week. Systematic Botany and Functions of Plant 
Organs. Mr. Stewart. 

Second Session Course II. 

Six hours per week. Continuation of Systematic Botany. This 
course must be preceded by Course I. Mr. Stewart. 

BOOKS OF REFERENCE, BOTANICAL DEPARTMENT. 

SOPHOMORE CLASS. 

Gray's Lessons and Manual ; Button and Brown, Flora of North- 
ern U. S. ; Bergen, Elements of Botany ; Spalding, Introduction of 
Botany; Bastin, College Botany; Bessey, Botany for High Schools 
and Colleges ; Strasburger's Manual of Vegetable Histology ; Arthur, 
Baines and Coulter, Plant Dissection. 

JUNIOR YEAR. 

First Session Course III. 

Two lectures and a minimum four laboratory hours per week. 

Morphology and Life Histories of Cryptogams, with special at- 
tention to fungi. This course necessarily embraces advanced work in 
microscopical technique, including imbedding, sectioning, staining and 
the preparation of permanent mounts and must be preceded by Course 
II and a course in Practical Elementary Biology. 

Prof. Townsend and Mr. Stewart. ■ 

Second Session Course IV. 

Two lectures and a minimum of four hours of laboratory work 
per week. Morphology and Life Histories of Phanerogams, with spec- 



31 

ial attention to plants of economic importance. The work in micro- 
scopical technique will be continued during this session. This course 
must be preceded by Course III. 

First and Second Session Course II. 

Prof. Townsend and Mr. Stewart. 

SENIOR YEAR. 
First Session Course V. 

Two lectures and a minimum of six hours of laboratory work per 
week. Plant Physiology. This course must be preceded by Course 
IV, and may be elecitd as a minor. 

Prof. Townsend and Mr. Stewart. 

Second Session Course VT. 

Two lectures and a minimum of six hours of laboratory work per 
week. Plant Pathology. This course embraces a study of parasitic 
fungi and their relations to the higher plants in producing disease. It 
also includes methods in the preparation and application of fungi- 
cides. Course VI must be preceded by Course V, and must be elected 
as a minor, following Course V. 

Prof. Townsend and Mr. Stewart. 

Students electing Botany as a major subject must have had 
Courses I to IV, inclusive, or their equivalent, and must prepare a 
thesis along the line of the major work. An outline of the work and 
the hours will be arranged upon consultation with Prof. Townsend. 

ADVANCED WORK. 

Courses in advanced work in Botany and Plant Pathology will be 
open to all students who have completed the six undergraduate courses 
or their equivalent. This work is designed for students who wish to 
specialize in Botany or in Plant Pathology, and will consist largely of 
original investiga<"ion. Students applying for advanced work aiong 
these lines will be expected to spend practically all of their time in this 
<iepartment. The subject to be investigated and an outline of the work 
will be arranged upon consultation with Prof. Townsend. 

BOOKS OF REFERENCE. 

JUNIOR CLASS. 

Goebel, Outline of Classification and Special Morphology ; Vines. 
Student Text Book of Botany; Coulter's Plant Life; Underwood. 



32 

Moulds, Mildews and Mushrooms ; Macbride, Slime Moulds of North. 
America ; Bennett and Murray, Cryptogamic Botany. 

BOOKS OF REFERENCE. 

SENIOR CLASS. V 

Sach's The Physiology of Plants ; Vines, Physiology of Plants ;. 
Mor Dangel, Plant Physiology; Sorauer, Treatise on the Physiology 
of Plants ; Tubuef and Smith, Diseases of Plants. - ' 

, . DEPARTMENT OF LANGUAGES. 

Prof. Thos. H. Spence. 

The Department of Languages embraces the study of three 
branches; Latin, French and German. All students are required to 
take the courses in German and French, only students of the Classical 
Course take Latin. 

The course of study in Latin is given with two ends in view — lirst.. 
to train the growing mind into accurate and close methods of reason- 
ing; second, to give the student more thorough and comprehensive 
knowledge of his own language than he could otherwise acquire. Es- 
pecial attention is paid to Latin syntax and idioms. The translation 
work of the course consists of Sallust, Virgil, Cicero, Horace, Livy,, 
Tacitus and Juvenal, besides other authors selected for sight reading. 

On account of the large percentage of Germans in our population,. 
a speaking knowledge of this language is very important, and especial 
attention is given to conversation throughout the course. After the 
elements of the language have been mastered, and a certain facility of 
translation acquired, the class is divided, and the students pursuing the 
Classical Course continue to translate from the works of classic Ger- 
man authors, while the students of the Scientific Courses are given 
scientific German for translation. 

In French, also, after the elementary work and grammar have 
been completed, the students of the Classical Course and those of the 
Scientific Courses are separated, the first selecting translations from 
French literature, the scientific students work of a scientific nature. 

FRESHMAN YEAR. 
First Session Course I. 

Six hours per week. Grammar and composition, five hours ; syn- 
tax, one hour. 



^ " "■ as . . ' 

Second Session Course II. 

Continuation of Course I. Text-books, "Bingham's Xew Latin 
Grammar;" "Gildersleeve's New Latin Primer;" "Collor's Gate to 
Caesar," or "Rolfe's Viri Romae." 

SOPHOMORE YEAR. 

First Session Course III. 

Six hours per week. Sallust's "Jugurtha," Latin prose compo- 
sition. 

Second Session Course IV. 

Text Books: — Chase & Stuart's "Salkisfs Jugurthine War," or 
Harper & Tolman's "Caesar's Gallic War ;" Chase & Stuart's "Virgil ;'' 
Gildersleeve's "New Latin Primer." 

Text Books: — First half year. Otis' "Elementary German." 

JUNIOR YEAR. 
First Session Course V. 

Ten hours per week. Cicero's orations. Latin prose composition. 
German. 

Second Session Course Yl. 

Text Books, Ten hours per week : — Allen & Greenough's "Latin 
Grammar;" Allen & Greenough's "Cicero;" Chase & Stuart's 
"Horace ;" Selected Odes ; Allen & Greenough's "Ovid ;" Selections. 

German Text Books, Second Year: — Hauff "Das Kalte Herz :" 
Schiller's "Der Neft'e als Onkel ;" Hillern "Hoher als die Kirche :'' 
Walther's "Allgemeine Meeres Kunde ;*' Sybel "Die Erheburg Eu- 
ropas ;" Selected Readings in History and Fiction. 

SENIOR YEAR. 
First Session Course VII. 

Text Books, Eleven hours per week : — Chase & Stuart's "Livy :" 
Chase & Stuart's "Tacitus;" Hart-MacCleave's "luvinal;'' West's 
"Terence." 



34 
Second Session Course VIII. 

French Text Books, Eleven hours per week : — Whitney's "French 
Grammar;" Super's "French Reader;" Herdler's "Scientific French 
Reader;"' Rougement "La France;" Fenelon "Telemaque;" Dumas' 
"Les Trois Alousquetaires." 

PREPARATORY DEPARTMENT. 

Prof. H. T. Harrison. 
First Session Course I. 

Arithmetic— Five hours per week. Wentworth's G. S. Arithmetic as 
far as Interest. 

Algebra. — Five hours per week. Wentworth's Algebra as far as 
Fractions. 

History. — Five hours per week. U. S. History from 1775 to the pres- 
ent time. „ 

Geography. — Five hours per week. Descriptive Geography completed. 

English. — Seven hours per week. Spelling, Composition, Elementary, 
Technical Grammar, Parsing and Analysis. 

Second Session Course II. 

Arithmetic. — Five hours per week. Wentworth's G. S. Arithmetic, 
completed. 

Algebra. — Five hours per week. W^entworth's Algebra as far as 
Quadratics. 
History. — Three hours per week. Colonial History and review of 

whole of Barnes' Brief History of U. S. 

English. — Five hours per week. Spelling, Composition, Letter-writ- 
ing, Technical Grammar. 

Geography. — Four hours per week. Maury's Physical Geography, 
completed. 

Bookkeeping. — Four hours per week. Single entry. Business. 

MILITARY DEPARTMENT. 

The Military Department is a distinctive feature of the college. By 
special Acts of Congress, provision is made for the maintenance of a 
Department of Military Science in each of the land-grant colleges. An 
officer of the United States Army is detailed to act as instructor and as 
Commandant of cadets. 

The Military Department of this college is in a most flourishing 
condition. All students upon entering, unless physically incapacitated. 



35 

are enrolled in one of the three companies of the cadet battalion. Stu- 
dents are required to wear the prescribed uniform at all times when on 
duty. The discipline in barracks is entrusted to cadet officers, under 
the supervision of the Commandant, and the discipline of the college is 
generally military in its nature. Promotion in this department is made 
according to merit and record in military matters. 

The practical instruction of the cadets consists of daily infantry 
drill, outpost duty and artillery drill. The study of tactics and lectures 
on military science constitute the class-room work of the department. 

The Military ^Department is a decided factor in the moral and phy- 
sical development of the student body. By encouraging habits of 
promptness, obedience and neatness, and by its beneficial effects upon 
the carriage and general health of the students, it adds materially to the 
usefulness of the college as an educational institution in the true sense 
of the word. 

DEPARTMENT OF PHYSICAL CULTURE. 

The physical culture of the students is provided for by a regular 
course of instruction in the gymnasium, under the direction of a com- 
petent instructor. The course is carefully planned, so as to develop 
gradifally and scientifically the physical powers of each student. Begin- 
ning with the simplest calisthenic exercises, the instruction covers the 
whole field of light and heavy gymnastics and field and track athletics. 

The equipment and arrangement of the gymasium is very com- 
plete, and the interest manifested by the students is a sufficient proof 
of the success of this department. While desiring to make the work in 
the gymnasium of practical value to all the students, the required work 
only extends through the Preparatory, Freshman and Sophomore 
years. 

A valuable adjunct to this department has been the College Ath- 
letic Association, of which mention is made under the head of "Student 
Organizations." 

THE COLLEGE LIBRARY. 

The college library may properly be regarded as one of the depart- 
ments of the institution, as its aid for purposes of reference and its in- 
fluence upon the mental development of the students must always be 
felt throughout all courses. The present quarters of the library, while 
adequate for its immediate needs, will necessarily be too limited in the 
course of time. The reading room is well arranged and lighted, and is 
in all respects comfortable and convenient. 

While the library is not large, the collection of works has beeti 
carefully chosen, and the shelves contain a fair supply of works of refer- 
ence, history, biography, essays, poetry and the standard works of fie- 



36 

tion. Several hundred volumes of bound government reports form an 
important addition to the reference works of the library. Almost all 
the leading magazines and a large number of newspapers are sub- 
scribed for. 



COURSES OF STUDY. 

In order to systematize the work of the numerous departments of 
the college, and as far as possible arrange for specialization within the 
limits consistent with the normal development of individual students, 
four distinct courses of study have been prescribed, one of which the 
student is expected to choose upon entering the collegiate department. 
These courses are the Agricultural, Mechanical Engineering, Scientific 
and Classical. In three of these, the Agricultural, Mechanical En- 
gineering and Classical, a continuous and progressive course of work, 
beginning in the Freshman year, and gradually narrowing in the three 
succeeding years until the classwork is almost wholly specialized, has 
been found to be most satisfactory. A broad and liberal foundation is 
first laid in the Freshman and Sophomore years, and then the particular 
study desired — agricultural, mechanics or the classical branches — is 
emphasized more and more until the end of the course. 

In the Agricultural Course the main study is scientfic agriculture 
in all its various branches. The detailed statement of the arrangement 
of the course is given on another page. The object of the course is to 
acquaint young men who propose to engage in farming with the re- 
sults of recent investigation and research, in order to enable them to 
engage in practical, general farming, dairying or stock-raising, in ac- 
cordance v/ith the best known methods of modern times. The course 
leads to the Degree of Bachelor of Science. 

The Short Winter Course in Agriculture is especially designed for 
those who have neither time nor the opportunity to take the regu- 
lar four years' course. In fact, it is really designed for those actually 
engaged in farming, and who can spare six or eight weeks during the 
winter to attend lectures and to follow the practical work of the college 
and station. The course embraces the following subjects : Farm crops, 
drainage, stock-breeding, stock-feeding, manures, tobacco, dairy hus- 
bandry and chemistry, horticulture, entomology, farm accounts, farm 
buildings, carpentry and blacksmithing, veterinary science, the princi- 
ples of citizenship and the elements of business law. The nominal 
charge of five dollars ($5.00) is made for the course. The entire expense, 
including board, need not be over fifty dollars ($50.00). The course ex- 
tends through the months of January and February. All details are 
in charge of W. T. L. Taliaferro, Professor of Agriculture, and H. J. 
Patterson, Director of Experiment Station. 

The details of the Mechanical Engineering Course will be found 
on another page. The practical work of this course is most thorough. 
The student is familiarized from the first with the use of tools and 



implements of wood and iron work. He is given daily practice in the 
shops, and is encouraged to develop whatever inventive talent he may 
have. It is believed that students completing this course will have no 
difficulty in securing employment after graduation in the field of me- 
chanics or mechanical engineering. The course leads to the Degree 
of B. M. E. 

The Classical Course was instituted to meet a demand on the part 
of the patrons of the college for a course of study which should pre- 
pare young men to enter the so-called learned professions. The course 
emphasizes the modern languages, Latin, mythology, English and 
civics and psychology, with a moderate amount of mathematics and 
the natural and physical sciences. The Degree of Bachelor of Arts is 
conferred upon its graduates. 

The Scientific Course is designed for those who desire to secure the 
advantages of a general liberal education, with the opportunity of spe- 
cializing in some line of modern science — chemistry, biology, pathol- 
ogy, entomology, veterinary science, physics, civil engineering or po- 
litical science. The basis of the course is a thorough training in mathe- 
matics, English and the principles of citizenship and government. Ow- 
ing to the number of departments represented in this course, it is found 
necessary to begin differentiation with a view to specialization in the 
Jimior year. In the senior year, as will be seen in the detailed outline 
of the course on another page, the work is arranged in a series of 
groups of studies, each group containing one major study and several 
minors. This is the plan adopted by most of the prominent and suc- 
cessful colleges of the present day, and presents the twofold advantage 
of concentration of the student's labor and opportunity for ample lab- 
oratory work. The degree conferred for all branches of this course is 
Bachelor of Science. 

OUTLINE OF COURSES. 

SENIOR CLASS. 

The work for the Senior Year in Agriculture and General Science 
shall consist of a major subject and two or more minor subjects. This 
work will be elective upon consultation with the professor in charge of 
the major subject. 

The student will be required to elect an amount of work, the mini- 
mum of which shall be an equivalent of twenty (20) hours recitative 
work, one half of which will be devoted to the major subject. 

Two hours of practical work is regarded as equivalent to one of 
recitative work. 

The work of the Senior year in the Mechanical Engineering 
Course is as follows : 



>V 



38 

SENIOR COURSE— MECHANICAL ENGINEERING DE- 
PARTMENT. 

First Term. Second Term. 



French 

Calculus 

Machine Design 

Graphic Statistics 

Machine Construction 
Economics 

Recitation equiv.. ,, 

Total hours 



5 

4 

2-(2) 

3 

(8) 
3 



21 



28 



French 

Strength of Materials 

Machine Design 

Testing 

Machine Construction 
Economics 

Recitation equiv.... 

Total hours 



3 
3 

2-(4) 
(4) 
(10) 
3 



20 



28 



JUNIOR CLASS. 



First Term. 


>• 

.fi 

Q, 

4-(4) 

5 

3 

4(4) 

2-(3) 

(4) 

• • • ' 


o 

s 

O 
4-(4^ 


"So 

m 

4-(4) 


*C 
rt 

J= 
u 

4(4) 
5 
3 


=«: : Agricultural. 


Second Term. 


H 
u 

4-f6) 

4 

3 

4-(4) 

2(3) 

(4) 


■g 

XI 

U 
4-(4) 


15 
o 

'So 
'o 

n 

4- (4) 


"c 
o 

;^ 

4(4) 
4 

• • • • 


'i- 

< 


Physics 

Anal. Geom'y 
German 

Chemistry & 

Mineralogy 

Surveying.. . . 


Physics 

Diff. Calculus 

German 

Chemistry & 
Mineralogy. 
Surveying.. 

Drawing 

Gen. Zoology 
Entomoloe'v.. 


• • • • 


3 

4(10) 


3 


3 

4(10) 


3 


3 






2-(3) 

• • • > 

2(4) 

2(4) 

2(4) 

(3) 

2(2) 

1 

• • • 

• • • ■ 

24 
34 






2- (3) 


Drawing.... 
Veterinary 

Science 






-(4) 

• • • ■ 






-(4) 

• • • • 

• • • 

• • • • 

3 






2(4) 

2(4) 
2-(4) 


... . 


2-(4) 
2(4) 
2-(4) 


2(4) 
9. (4) 


Inver. 
Zoolocv . . . 


Botany. . . . 
Des. Geom'ry 
Agriculture... 


• • • • 




2(4) 


Potany 












3-(3) 
1 


Horticulture. 






Eng. (Thesis) 

Theory of 
Steam En- 
eine 


1 


1 


1 


1 

3 

-(6) 

21 

28 


Agriculture.. . 












En?. (Thesis) 
Mechanics. . . . 


1 


1 


1 


1 

(6) 
2 

22 

29 




Civics 




2 


• • • • 


Mechanics.. . . 






• • • • 

21 






5Jl 
25 


Reci'n equiv. 
Total hours 


21 
26 


21 




Reci'n equiv. 


21 


22 


24 


Total hours 


28 


30 


26 


80 


33 



NOTE— students In Phylos may elect Chemistry 4-(4) throughout the year or Draw- 
ing 4 and- Surveying 2-(3} throughout the year. 



39 
SOPHOMORE CLASS. 



First Term. 



Agriculture 

Mechanics 

Element'ry Biol'y 

Botany 

Physics 

Chemistry 

Geometry 

Drawing 

Theoretical Me- 
chanics 

English (Rhetoric) 



Recitation equiv. 
Total hours 



u 

c 

o 
u 

c 

o 



6 

(4) 
3 

4(3) 
4 



2V/2 



28 



u 

'S 
a 

CJ 

<v 



(4) 



3 

4(3) 
4 

(4) 
3 



23^ 



28 



u 
3 

o 

b« 

< 



3(4) 
(4) 
(4) 
(4) 

3 

4(3) 
4 



2i}4 



34 



Second Term. 



Agriculture 

Horticulture 

Comparative Ana- 
tomy and Phys'l'y 

Botany 

Chemistry 

Geometry & Trig- 
onometry 

Drawing 

Moulding & Cast- 
ing 

German 

English (Logic)... . 



Recitation equiv. 
Total Hours 



0) 

tj 

s 

'G 

GQ 

u 

V 

O 



3(2) 

(4) 

4(3) 



20i 



26 









4(3) 

5 

(6) 

(6) 
3 
3 



< 



2(3) 
1(3) 

2(2) 

(4) 

4(3) 



22 i \ 



24 



28 i 31 



Note.— Students ia General Science wlshinff to take the Physical or Chemical course 
may elect an equivalent for Botany upon approval of the head of the Department of 
Physics and Chemistry, as the case may be. 

FRESHMAN CLASS. 



First Term. 



Agriculture 

Drawing 

Algebra 

English 

Wood work 

Elem. Ap. Mech. 



Recitation equiv. 
Total hours... 



CJ 

c 

V 
V 

c 
is 



3(4) 

(4) 
5 
5 



20 



cfl 

CJ 



CJ 



(8) 
(5) 

(6) 



20 



24 



25 



S 



< 



3(4) 

(4) 
5 
5 

(4) 



22 



28 



Second Term. 



Horticulture 

Drawing 

Algebra 

English 

Geology 

Wood-work 

Geometry 

Agriculture 

Recitation equiv 

Total hours 



6 




u 




r* 




(U 


■ 


Sci 


cal 


CO 


S - 




ca 


<o 


f— 


c 


CJ 


« 


%) 


o 


% 


(4) 




(4) 1 


(«) 


3 


3 1 


5 


5 


3 


3 1 




(6) 1 


5 


5 ! 


20 


22 


24 


26 



< 



(4) 

3 
5 

3 

5 

2(3) 



25 



AO 



OUTLINE OF CLASSICAL COURSE. 



FRESHMAN YEAR. 


SOPHOMORE YEAR. 


First Term. 


Second Term. 


First Term. 


Second Term. 


English 5 

H istory 4 

Latin 6 


English 5 

History 4 

Latin 6 

Algebra 3 

Geometry 5 

Total 23 


Rhetoric 4 

Latin. 6 

Geometry 4 

Physics 3 

Chem. 4 3 6^ 

Total 22i 


Logic 3 

Latin 6 


Algebra 5 

Total 20 


Trigonometry. . .5 
(Jihemistry 4 3..5i 

Total 22i 


JUNIOR YEAR. 


SENIOR YEAR. 


First Term. 


Second Term. 


First Term. 


Second Term. 


English Lit 3 

(^vil Gov 4 

Latin 6 


American Lit 3 

Civil Gov 4 

Latin 6 


English 2 

Psychology 2 

Business Law.. .1 

Economics 3 

I atin 6 


English 2 

Psychology 2 

Business Law.. .1 


German 4 

Surveying.. 2-8 3| 


German 4 

Surveying.. 2-8.. 3i 

Total 18i 


Economics 3 

Latin 6 


TPrf»nr'h . - . . . . tS 


French 5 


Total 181 


Total 19 


Total 19 



REQUIREMENTS FOR ADMISSION. 

For admission to the college department — Freshman class— -an en- 
trance examination is requirecl. This examination will be held at the 
college on September 20th, 2ist, 22nd, 1900. The applicant will be ex- 
pected to pass a satisfactory examination in the following subjects: 
English grammar, composition and analysis, United States history, 
arithmetic (complete), algebra (as far as quadratics), political and phys- 
ical geography. A mark of 70 per cent, is necessary to pass. For en- 
trance to the Preparatory Department the requirements are: English 
grammar, arithmetic (as far as percentage). United States history and 
political geography. 

Every applicant for admi&sion to the college must bring satisfac- 
tory testimonials as to character and previous scholarship, from one or 
more persons qualified so to speak — his former teacher, pastor or 
neighbor, acquainted with his general reputation. This will he abso- 
lutely insisted upon. No student need apply for entrance who can- 
not furnish such credeutials. 



i 



41 



Applicants for admission to higher classes than the Freshman must 
be prepared to take an examination equivalent to that given at the col- 
lege for promotion to such classes, or must present certificates from 
county or city schools covering the work of the lower college classes. 

PROMOTIOX. 

In order to pass from one class to the next higher class a student is 
required to pass the yearly examination by a mark of at least 60 per 
•cent .in each study, and to have a combined mark in each branch (daily 
and examination) of at least 70 per cent. A failure in not more than 
tone branch will enable a student to pass to the next class with con- 
dition in that study in which he has failed ; but in every case the stu- 
dent is required to make good such failure during the next year. 

It has been found necessary to make some regulations to provide 
for cases of using unfair means in examinations. The faculty, there- 
fore, has agreed upon the following rule, which will be rigidly adhered 
to : "Any student detected in so doing will be required to surrender 
his papers, and will not under any circumstances be given another ex- 
amination in that particular study." 

SCHOLARSHIPS. 

The college offers a number of scholarships — three for Baltimore 
City and one for each county of the State. These scholarships are 
awarded to the successful candidate in competitive examinations, con- 
ducted by the Superintendent of Public Instruction of Baltimore City 
and in the counties by the County Examiner. All scholarship students 
must be prepared for entrance to the Freshman class, and are required 
to take the regular entrance examination. Each scholarship is good 
for four years, or for such part thereof as the holder remains at the 
college. It is then again open for competition. The cost per year for 
scholarship students will be found under the head of student expenses. 

The following is an extract from the requirements of the Board of 
Trustees, relating to scholarships : 

"Persons holding certificates of scholarship must present them- 
"selves at the college, or other designated place, at the date which 
"may be named, in the September or January next following the 
"award, and be examined by college authorities for entrance to the 
^'Freshman class. Alternates are to be thus examined, as well as prin- 
"cipals, and in a case of a failure of the principal to secure or hold the 
"scholarship, the alternate will have the first right to the place, if with- 
^'in a year from date of the certificate of award. 

"Persons- holding certificates of scholarship, must, in order to se- 
■"cure the same, pass the entrance examination of the college, and (if 



42 

"entering in January) such other examination as may be required to 
"join the Freshman class. Every one must declare his intention of 
"completing the prescribed course of study of the college, in either 
"Agriculture or Mechanical Engineering, provided he retains his 
"Scholarship, and must make an advance payment of $15 on the year's 
"account. And to hold a scholarship, the student must make the sub- 
"sequent payments and meet such requirements of the college as to 
"scholarship and deportment, as may be prescribed by the President 
"and faculty. By passing special examinations, candidates for scholar- 
"ships may be permitted to enter the Sophomore class." 

DISCIPLINE AND REGULATIONS. 

The discipline of the college, as has been stated, is generally mili- 
tary in its character. Students are under the control of cadet officers, 
subject to the direction of the officer in charge, who makes a dailv re- 
port to the Commandant of cadets. The final authority, however, in all 
cases, is the President of the college. 

All students are expected to conduct themselves as young gentle- 
men worthy of respect and confidence, and to be truthful under all cir- 
cumstances. Upon entrance each one is required to give his wora that 
he will comply with all the rules and regulations of the institution. A 
copy of these rules is then given him., and he is held responsible for al'. 
acts in disregard thereof. Cadet officers in receiving the honors which 
promotion implies, accept with them obligations and duties which they 
are bound to regard. This is the key-note of student government. Fail- 
ure in duty means necessarily forfeiture of confidence and trust. 

Punishment for trivial breaches of regulations consists of depriva- 
tion of privileges, confinement to grounds or rooms, or special military 
duties ; for aggravated oflfences the punishment may be suspension or 
expulsion, at the discretion of the Faculty and the President. 

Frequent absences from the college are invariably of great disad- 
vantage to the student, in breaking in upon the continuity of his work, 
and in distracting his mind from the main purpose of his attendance at 
the institution. Parents are therefore earnestly asked to refrain from 
granting frequent requests to leave the college. 

Three reports are sent to each parent during the year, showing 
the student's progress in class work and his general standing as to con- 
duct, etc. At the end of the year a detailed report of the year's work is 
made. . 

STUDENT ORGANIZATIONS. 

Student clubs for social, literary and athletic purposes, are encour- 
aged as means of creating class and college pride and increasing an 
esprit de corps among the students. Each has its own organization in 



m 

which matters relating to class work are discussed and directed. Offi- 
cers are elected, and the unity of the class is strictly preserved. This 
has been found to be a decided aid to discipline, and tends to raise the 
standard of student honor. 

Among the successful student societies are the Mercer Literary 
Society and the Morrill Literary Society which have accomplished 
much good during the past year, the M. A. C. Athletic Association, 
which controls and directs the work of the College Athletic Team, the 
Rossburg Club, a social organization, the Glee Club, the Mandolin 
Club, and the Cadet's Annual, an organization of the Senior class, 
which publishes an annual magazine. The first four numbers of this 
Annual, "The Reveille" for i896-'97, i897-'98, i898-'99 and 1999- 'oo, 
are most creditable publications. 

STUDENT EXPENSES. 

The expenses of the college year for the several classes of students- 
are as follows : 

REGULAR STUDENTS. 

Board, heat, light, room and books $150.00 

Laboratory fee 6.00 

Physician's fee 4.00 

Breakage fee 5.00 

Total cost $165.00 

SCHOLARSHIP STUDENTS. 

Board, heat, light, room and books $70.00 

Laboratory fee 6.00 

Physician's fee 4.00 

Breakage fee 5.00 

Total cost $85.00 

DAY STUDENTS. 

Room, heat and books $24.00 

Laboratorv fee 6.00 



Breakasre fee 



to' 



5.00 



Total cost $35.00 



44 

TIME OF PAYMENT. 

For Regiilai' Students. — . \: 

$40.00 (and the fees) on entrance: $40.00 on November 15th; 
$40.00 on February ist; $30.00 on April ist. 

For Scholarship Students. — 

$35.00, (and the fees) on entrance; $35.00 on February ist. 
For Day Students : — 

$12.00 (and the fees) on entrance, and $12.00 on February ist. 
Promptness in payment is insisted upon. 

EXPLANATION OF FEES. 

The laboratory fee is intended to cover the cost of the materials 
and apparatus consumed by the student in practical laboratory work. 

The physician's fee is to provide for the attendance of the regular 
college physician in all ordinary cases of sickness. 

The breakage fee is to cover all losses to the college caused by 
careless breakage or otherwise by the students. Each loss is divided 
proportionately among the students, and the unused balance of each fee 
refunded at the close of the year. In case the loss is known to be 
caused by any particular student, the whole amount is charged to his 
account. 

Except in cases of extended illness, no money will be refunded foi* 
long continued absence or withdrawal from the college. 

Students entering late in the session will be charged according to 
the date of entrance. 

ARTICLES NECESSARY TO BE PROVIDED. 

All students are required to provide themselves with the following 
articles, to be brought from home or purchased from the College Park 
Store on arrival : 

I dozen white collars, uniform. 
6 pair white gloves, uniform. 
6 pair white cufifs, uniform. 

1 pair blankets (for single bed.) 
3 pair sheets (for single bed.) 

■ 4 pillow cases. 

2 blue bed-spreads, uniform. . 
6 towels. 

I chair, uniform. 



45 

The room-mates together purchase the following articles : — 
I set of lamp fixtures, uniform. 

1 pitcher and basin, uniform. 

2 table-cloths, uniform. 
I broom. 

I looking-glass. 

I slop-jar (porcelain.) 

All the articles marked uniform in the foregoing list can best be 
purchased after the student arrives at the college. The cost of the en- 
tire list should not be more than $10.00 for the year. 

UNIFORM. 

The cadet uniform of substantial grey cloth, which is required to 
be worn by students at all times, is made by contract with the tailors at 
a much lower price than it could be furnished to individuals. The 
student's measure is taken after he arrives at the college, and the fit is 
guaranteed. The cost of the entire outfit, — coat, trousers and cap, is 
$16.00. Parties coming through Baltimore can leave measures and 
orders with the New York Clothing House, 102-104 E. Baltimore 
Street. Payment must be made for this at time of entrance. This is 
imperative. 

For further particulars as to entrance, examination, expenses, etc., 
address : 

R. W. SILVESTER, President, 

]\Iaryland Agricultural College, 

College Park, Maryland. 

Express Office, College Station, B. & O. R. R. Telegraph Office^ 
Hyattsville, Md., Telephone .Station, Hyattsville, Md. 

TFIE ALUMNI ASSOCIATION. 

The growth of the Alumni Association during the past year, is a 
source of great satisfaction to the officers of the College and of the As- 
sociation. Through the efforts of its officers a banquet was held at the 
College in April this year. Renewed interest was shown by the exist- 
ing members of the Association and the occasion was marked by a 
large increase in the membership, recruited largely from the older grad- 
uates of the College. 

All indications point to a great advance in the growth of the or- 
ganization. And now it is felt that the Association may begin to exer- 
cise its influence along the lines of its avowed purpose and object. At 
its regular annual meeting in June, it was decided that the Association 
would continue its offer of medals for proficiency in three of the 
departments of College work. By restricting the competition for the 
medal to be awarded for the best paper on "Agricultural Science" to 



46 

those students pursuing original research, it is intended and hoped, by 
the Association, to stimulate scientific investigation by the students in 
the various scientific departments of the College. With the improved 
and more adequate facilities which have been provided, it is thought 
that the College is well able to promote this class of work to a greater 
extent than has been possible in the past ; and the competition hereby 
instituted should tend to elevate the standard of scholarship in the 
College. 

It will be a source of gratification to the members of the Asso- 
ciation to note the action of the Board of Trustees of the College with 
reference to the holding of scholarships in the College. One year ago 
the Association passed a resolution looking to the restriction of the 
holders of the State Scholarships to the Agricultural and Mechanical 
courses in the College. This was with the idea of carrying out more 
completely the ideas of the founders of the College, in establishing a 
school for instruction in Agriculture and the Mechanic Art. At the 
last meeting of the Board of Trustees an order was passed putting the 
restriction in full operation. It is along this and similar lines that the 
Association has a broad field provided in which to exert its efforts ; and 
as it increases in strength, it may be expected to make its influence felt 
for the advancement of the interest and welfare of the College. 

The officers of the Association for the ensuing year are : — Presi- 
dent, F. B. Bomberger, '94 ; Vice-President, J. Enos Roy, '92 ; Secre- 
tary-Treasurer, J. R. Laughlin, '96, members-at-large of the Executive 
Committee, F. A. Soper, '^y and A. S. Gill, '97. 

Graduates and members of the Association are requested to keep 
the Secretary-Treasurer informed of any changes in their addresses. 
Any information concerning the older graduates, which will enable the 
officers to locate and communicate with them, will facilitate their efforts 
and will tend to further the success of the Association. 

Address of the Secretary-Treasurer : — ^J. R. Laughlin, 

College Park, Md. 

LETTER FROM DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE. 

The following letter and circular will be of interest to young men 
entering this institution. It gives an excellent opportunity for them to 
advance themselves in the line of their special work, at the same time re- 
ceiving a compensation which will enable them to pay all expenses. 
This ofifer, on the part of the Department of Agriculture, is greatly ap- 
preciated, and will, no doubt, be availed of by many attending the Land • 
Grant Colleges — the best instructors and the most complete facilities 
are the advantages attending the opportunity : 



47 

"Department of Agriculture, Washington, D. C, 

"June 2yth, 1899. 
"Dear Sir : — 

"In my annual report to the President for 1898, I announced my 
intention of affording opportunities for graduates of agriciiltural col- 
leges to pursue post-graduate studies in connection with work in the 
scientific division of this Department, as far as practicable. In pursu- 
ance of this policy, I have made an arrangement with the Civil Service 
Commission for the registration of the graduates of colleges receiving 
the benefits of grants of land or money from the United States, who 
may desire to enter the service of the Department as "Scientific Aids" 
on the terms stated in the notice of the Commission herewith enclosed. 

"It seems to be entirely appropriate that the National Government 
should aid the institutions to which it has already so largely given finan- 
cial support, in the preparation of their graduates for posts ot usefulness 
in this Department, or in the States from which they come, especially 
as investigators and teachers along scientific lines. I hope, therefore, 
that the effort which I am now making in this direction will be but a 
beginning of the opening up of opportunities for graduate study at the 
National Capital to those of your graduates who are especially fitted to 
do high grade scientific work. It will, of course, be understood that 
imder present conditions the Department can only admit a very limited 
number of scientific aids. Our purpose is to choose from the eligible 
register those persons who furnish the best evidence of having peculi- 
arly good qualifications for aiding in the work of the Department now 
in progress. In extending this notice will you kindly explain to your 
graduates the necessity of making a clear and full statement of their at- 
tainments and qualifications in special lines of science ? Correspondence 
regarding application blanks and other matters connected with regis- 
tration should be had promptly with the Civil Service Commission. 
"Very respectfuUv, 

"JAMES WILSON, 

"Secretary Agriculture." 
To R. W. Silvester, President, College Park, Maryland. 



SCIENTIFIC AID. 

DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE. 

AUGUST ist, 1899. • 

The United States Civil Service Commission announces that it 
desires to establish an eligible register for the position of scientific aid, 
Department of Agriculture. 



/.8 

The examination will consist of the subjects mentioned below> 
which will be weighted as follows : — 

Subjects. Weights. 

1. College Course with Bachelor's Degree ^ 50 

2. Post-graduate course and special qualifications 25 

3. Thesis or other literature 25 

Total 100 

It will be noted that applicants will not be required to appear at 
any place for examination, but will be required to file with the Commis- 
sion prior to the hour of closing business, on August ist, 1900, their 
statements and other material which will be required as specified in a 
special form which will be furnished them by the Commission, together 
with application blank (Form 304) in order to have their names entered 
upon the register which will be made immediately after the date men- 
tioned. Persons who are unable to file their applications prior to Au- 
gust 1st, 1900, may file them at any subsequent time, when they will be 
rated and the names of those attaining eligible averages will be entered 
upon the register. 

For the information of applicants, the following statement is made, 
as received from the Secretary of Agriculture : 

1. An application will be limited to graduates of colleges receiv- 
ing the benefits of grants of land or money from the United States. 

2. Each applicant must file with the United States Civil Servic" 
Commission, Washington, D. C, a properly certified statement as to 
the length of time spent in College, the studies pursued, the standincf 
in these studies, the special work it is desired to take up and the special 
qualifications for such work, and finally, a thesis upon such scientific 
subjects as the applicant may select, or in lieu of this, any literature on 
scientific subjects over his own signature. 

3. The length of time any scientfic aid may serve in the Depart- 
ment is limited to two (2) years. ■ . , 

4. The salary shall not exceed forty dollars ($40.00) per month. 

The minimum age limitation for entrance to this examination is 
twenty (20) years ; there is no maximum age limitation. 

This examination is open to all citizens of the United States who 
comply with the requirements. All such citizens are invited to apply. 
They will be examined, graded and certified, without regard to any con- 
sideration, save their ability as shown by them in the examination. Per- 
sons desiring to compete should at once apply to the United States 
Civil Service Commission, Washington, D. C., for application blanks 
(Form 304) and special forms. 



4^ 

-:^? - DONATIONS TO LIBRARY. 

Grateful acknowledgment is made to the following, for valuable 
additions to our library : 

The late William S. Keech, of Towson, Md., complete set of lit- 
erature on all matters pertaining to Arctic Explorations. 

Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, Md., additions to Agricul- 
tural Library, and Reports of Geological vSurvey, Weather Service and 
Highway Commission. 

Department of Agriculture, Washington, D. C., additions to Ag- 
ricultural Library. 

Hon. A. P. Gorman, Various publications of a fiscal character. 

Hon. Sydney E. Mudd, Maps for Engineering Department. 

County Press, valuable additions of their publications. 



MEDALS AW^\RDED. 

COMMENCEMENT, 1900. 

Senior Class, Trustee's Medal H. J. Kefauver. 

Gold Medal for Highest Standing for entire Course. 

Junior Class, Trustee's Medal. •. . . W. W. Cobey. 

Gold Medal for Highest Standing in Junior Class. 
Alumni Medal E. S. Choate. 

Gold Medal for Excellence in Mechanical Engineering. 
Alumni Medal A. E. Ewens. 

Gold Medal for Best Essay on Agricultural Science. 
Alumni Medal H.J. Kefauver. 

Gold Medal for Best Debater in Competitive Debate. 
Trustee's Medal H.J. Kefauver. 

Gold Medal for Best Essay on "American Citizenship." 

ATHLETIC MEDALS. 

100 Yard Dash Matthews. 

220 Yard Dash W^eigand. 

440 Yard Dash Weigand. 

Half Mile Run Dickey. 

Mile Run Dickey. 

120 Yard Hurdle Mackall. 

Class Relay won by Senior Class Team, 

Putting i6-Ib. Shot Peters. 

High Jump J. H. Hopkins. 

Broad Jump , Peters. 

Best Tennis Player Fendall. 



50 



GRADUATES OF 1900 AND DEGREES CONFERRED. 

• SUBJEST OF THESES. 

Edward S. Choate, M. E, Randallstown, Md. 

"Wood Turning Lathe." 

Calvin Grant Church, B. S, College Park, Md. 

"Comparative Analysis of Oyster Shells and Oyster Shell Lime." 

~" Arthur Edvi^ard Ewens, B. S, Baltimore, Md. 

/ "The Analysis of Butter and Oleomargarine." 

^Andrew S. R. Grason, B. S, Towson, Md. 

- "Horse Industry." 

William D. Grofif, B. S, Owings Mills, Md. 

"Condimental Foods." 

R. Moore Jenifer, B. S, Loch Raven, Md. 

"Minor Injuries and Their Treatment." 

Harry J. Kefauvcr, A. B, Frederick, Md. 

"The Effect of Material Progress Upon the Distribution of Wealth." 

Samuel M. Peach, A. B, Mitchellville, Md. 

"Trusts." ' ' 

Earl Neilson Sappington, B. S, ' Darlington, Md. 

"The Urinary System." 

Amos C. Sudler, B. S, Westover, Md. 

"The Stable and Its Management." 

William Henry Talbott, A. B, Willows, Md. ; 

"Our Public School System." 

■ William Henry Weigand, B. S, Leitersburg, Md. 

"Comparative Analysis of Coal Gas and Water Gas Lime." I 



c/' 



Si 



MILITARY DEPARTMENT 
ROSTER. 

COMMANDANT, ^ 

CADET BATTALION. 

STAFF. 

Major, W. W. Cobey. 

First Lieutenant and Adjutant. 

First Lieutenant and Quartermaster. 



F. H. Peters, Sergeant-Major. 

W. S. Hull, Chief Trumpeter. 



INFANTRY. 

COMPANY "A." COMPANY "B." 



COMPANY "C." 



H. C. Whiteford. 



J. T. Hardesty, 



CAPTAINS. 

A. K. Nininger, F. B. Hines. 

FIRST LIEUTENANTS. 

F. V. McDonnell, * 



J. D. Bowman, 



SECOND LIEUTENANTS. 

T. B. Symons, «•. 



S. V. Darl)j% 



FIRST SERGEANTS. 

Pv. L. Mitchell, L. E. Mackall. 



Jos. Condon, 
1^. Hamblin, 



B. AV. G a toll, 
K. D. Dickey, 
L'. P. Walls, 

"Will be appointed. 



SERGEANTS. 

E. H. Smith, 
W. B. Woolf, 

CORPORALS. 

L. M. Ewell, 
i;. Dnrby, 
C. Clagett, 



W. S. Fendall. 
J. I. Wisner. 



J. H. Hopkins. 
.T. B. Bnbins. 
\V. C. Ort. 



52 

~. ' ROSTER OF STUDENTS. 

» ■ ■ 

■^ . SESSION 1899-1900. 

;' SENIOR CLASS. - 

Choate, E. S Randallstown, Md. 

Church, CO College Park, Md. 

Ewens, A. E Baltimore, Md. 

Grason, A. S. R Towson, Md. 

Groff, W. D Owings, Mills, Md. 

Jenifer, R. M ■ Loch Raven, Md. 

Kefaiiver, H.J Frederick, Md. 

Peach, S. M Mitchellsville, Md. 

Sappington, E. N Darlington, Md. 

Sudler,"A. C Westover, Md. 

Talbott, W. H Willows, Md. 

Weigand, W. H Leitersburg, Md. 

Total 12. 

JUNIOR CLASS. 

Cobcy, W. W Grayton, Md. 

Plardesty, J . T Collington, Md. 

Nininger, A. R Hnntsville, Ala. 

Peyton, J- I Washington, D. C. 

Hines, F. B Chestertown, Md. 

McDonnell, F. V Florence, Pa. 

Whiteford, H. C Whitefords, Md. 

Total 7. 

SOPHOMORE CLASS. 

Bowman, J. D Hyattstown, Md. 

Bradley, J. A Chestertown, Md. 

Branham, H. C Baltimore, Md. 

i/'Coudon, Jos Perryville, Md. 

Carroll, D. G Baltimore, Md. 

Darby, R.J Buck Lodge, Md. 

/Darbv, S. Porter Sellman, Md. 

Fcndall, W^ S Towson, Md. 

Gideon, C. C Ballston, Va. 

Jenifer, D Loch Raven. Md. 

'^Lansdale, H. N Damascus, Md. 

Mackall, L. E Mackall, Md. 

'Mitchell, R. L La Plata, Md. 




'--■ ■ : 53 
SOPHOMORE CLASS (Continued.) 

Meters, F. H Wesley, Md. 

Posey, A. A Faulkner, Md. 

Robertson, M. G Washington, D. C. 

Symons, T. B Easton, Md. 

Welsh, G. P Washington, D. C. 

Woolf, W. B Hyattsville, Md. 

iWisner, J.I Baltimore, Md. 

Total 20. 

FRESHMAN CLASS. 

Byers, J. B Ellicott City, Md. 

Cairnes, G. W Jarrettsville, Md. 

Clagett, C : Potomac, Md. 

Clagett, R. D Upper Marlboro, Md 

Cooke, S Hvattsville, Md. 

Collier, J. P Ellicott City, Md. 

Cruikshank, T Cecilton, Md. 

Curtis, J. D Sligo, Md. 

Dickey, E. D Baltimore, ^Id. 

Elgin, B Brunswick, Md. 

Ensor, J. G Belfast, Md. 

Ewell, L. M Baltimore, Md. 

Fitzhugh, A. C Baltimore, Md. 

Garner, E. F Rosarvville, Md. 

Gatch, B. W Gardenville, Md. 

Hamilton, M. P Baltimore, Md. 

Hamblin, R Wango, Md. 

Hopkins, T- H Elkridge, Md. 

Hopkins, i. C Halls, Md. 

Hinman, W. G Lower Marlboro, Md. 

Loker, H Leonardtown. Md. 

Matthews, J. M Dulaneys \^alley, Md. 

Merrvman,' T. C Monkton. Md. 

McCubbin. L. C Chew Chase, Md. 

Mayo, R. B Hyattsville. Md. 

Owens, E. T Greenock, Md. 

Ort, W. C Barton, Md. 

Parker, R. A Piscatawav. "Md. 

Peach, P. L Mitchcllsvillc. Md. 

T'urman, Stanley Washington, D. C. 

Reading, F. M Darnestown, ]\Td. 

Robins, J. B Snow Hill. Md. 

Ray A. A Chillum, Md. 



54 
FRESHMAN CLASS (Continued.) • 

Smith, E. H Govanstown, Md. 

Sozinskey, T. S Millington, Md. 

Spalding, D. B Washington, D. C. 

Sadtler, G. T Baltimore, Md. 

Walls, E. P Barclay, Md. 

Warren, G. L Brooklyn, N. Y. 

Young. F. J Bristol, Tenn. 

Total 40. . 

PREPARATORY CLASS. 

Bryan, T. E Centerville, Md. 

Broch, Leon Cuba. 

Brown, D. E College Park, Md. 

Caldwell, E. A Washington, D. C. 

Carroll, W. C College Park, Md. 

Cockey, J. G Gwynnbrook, Md. 

Coombe, O. P Washington, D. C. 

Carr, :M Hyattsville, Md. 

Eversfield, O. C College Park, Md. 

Ewell, E. R Baltimore, Md. 

Fenby, W. W Avondale, Md. 

Gathmann, O Washington, D. C. 

Gathmann, P Washington, D. C. 

Gourlev. T. A Burch, Md. 

Hull, W. S Baltimore, Md. 

Hall, A. L Allegheny, Pa. 

Harr, A. G Forest Glen, Md. 

Heller, H. C Baltimore, Md. 

Jrby, R. G Washington, D. C. 

Kehoe, J. G. C Washington, D. C. 

Lee, T. B Hvattsville, Md. 

Mvers. J. T Avenel, Md. 

Maught," A. R. B Broad Run, Md. 

Meikle, R.J Baltimore, Md. 

iVrotter, W. R Tanevtown, Md. 

Masvidal, P Cuba' 

Nayler, R. B Piscataway, Md. 

Nichols, S. B Germantown, Md. 

Purnell, J. R Snow Hill, Md. 

Pavne. T Frostburg, Md. 

Rollins. W. W Seat Pleasants, Md. 

Rollins, P. C Seat Pleasants, Md. 

Reasin. W. F Havre de Grace, Md. 

Rolph, W. C Beltsville, Md. 






. , " PREPARATORY CLASS (Continued.) 

vSapping-ton, J. W Overton, Md. 

Shepherd, E. L Bristol, Md. 

Smith, D. R Frederick, Md. 

Sincell, G. L Oakland, Md. 

Underwood, E. J Accokeek, Md. 

Watts, H. D Bel Air, Md. 

Winterson, C. R Elkridge, Md. 

Total 41. 

SPECIALS. 

Darby, S. P Sellman, Md. 

Brown, D. E College Park, Md. 

Flickinger, M. F Copperville, ]\Id. 

Reaver, E. C Trevanion, Md. 

Hiner, E. O Westminster, Md. 

Total in all Classes 125. 



INDEX. 



Articles to be Provided 44 

Alumni Association 45 

] >oard of I'riistees 3 

Calendar 6 

College Library 35 

Courses of Study 36 

Donations to Library 49 

Department of A.griculture 11 

" " Mechanical PIngineering 12 

-".'■ " Mathematics 16 

'■' " Lnglish and Civics 18 

" " Chemistry 22 



n- 

" " Horticulture . 2 

" " Plant Pathology and Botany 30 

" " Languages 32 



Physics 23 

Civil Engineering 24 

r- 



Veterinary Science and Zoology 27 

Entomology 28 



^bJ 






Preparatory Work 34 

Military Work 34 

" " Physical Culture and Elocution 35 

Discipline and Regulations 47 

Equipment and Work 1 1 

Explanation of Fees 40 

Graduate and Degrees Conferred 50 

General Aim and Purpose 10 

Historical Sketch 7 

Location and Description 8 

Letters — Department of Agriculture 46 

^ledals Awarded 49 

Military Organization 51 

Officers and Faculty 5 

Outline of Courses 37 

Promotion 41 

Requirements for Admission 40 

Roster of Students 52 

Standing Committees " 4 

Scholarship 4E 

Student Organization 42 

Student Expenses 43 

Time of Payment 44 

Uniform 45 



>:' .J* .- J*v->*. '^J«' J ^-•-* ^ ■ VT 



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X 



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INDEX. 



Articles to 1)0 Provided 44 

-Xlunnii Assncialion 45 

i'oard of l riistccs 3 

Calfiular 6 

College J.ilirar\ 35 

("ourscs (jf Studv -^6 

Dnnatiuiis lo Library I9 

Depart] iiciiL of .Vgriculturc 1 1 

Mechanical Ln^'ineerinL;- 12 

Mallieriialics \() 

ljii;"lisli and (. i\ics 1.^ 

( hennstr\' _'_' 

■' " 1 'livsics 23 

(. ivil Kngineerini;" 24 

" Horticnltnrc 2^ 

\ i'1erinar\ Science and /ooId^a jy 

I'.nli inn )l()i;-y 28 

I'lanl 1 'atlioliii^'v and liotanx' 30 

Lan;4nai4es ^2 

I 'reparatijry W 1 trk 34 

'■ Ai ilitary Work 34 

l*!i_\sical Cnltnre and j/docnlion 35 

J )iscii)line and Regulations 47 

J^cjuinnient and \\ ork it 

Explanat ii ni of Fees 40 

(iraduate and Degrees Conferred 50 

( ieneral Aim and I'nrpose to 

Historical Sketch 7 

L()cati(jn and Descriptinn S 

Letters — J )ei)art!nent tif .Xgricnllnre 46 

Medals .Awarded 49 

]M ilitary Organization 5 [ 

Officers and I'^aculty 5 

( )ntline of Conrses 37 

] 'ronujtioii 41 

Re(|nircnicnts for Admission 40 

Roster of Students 52 

Standing" ( "( mimittees 4 

Scliolarship 4[ 

Student Organization 42 

Student ]'^x])enses 43 

Time of I'ayment 44 

Urdform 45 




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fO OUR PATPON5. 



READ CAREFULLY THIS CIRCULAR. 

1IT is advisable to call your particular attention to certain features of 
the Ccillege seeking your patronage. 

1. The Agricultural College is a technical Institution of learning. 
It equips its graduates for a specific line of work. Our graduates, if 
earnest men, secure employment on graduation. 

2. Members of this year's class secured positions in the line of 
special work upon completing their course. 

3. The facilities for practical laboratory work, an essential so ne- 
cessary in every department of Natural Science, are of a character t-i 
afford ample opportunity for the student to fully equip himself for his 
life's work. 

4. Parents and guardians are virged to yield a hearty cooperation 
lo the management in the enforcement of the Rules and Regulations. 
Interruption in a course of study must eventuate in superficial in- 
formation — a worthless article in this day. To avoid tf^is, permis- 
sion to leave the College should be left in the hands of tf^ose in 
cf^arge of the Institution, and who know what privileges can be 
safely accozded. 

5. Qur tezms are very moderate. The charges are tlie only 
source from which the domestic 'Department can be supported: 
hence, terms must be complied witl^. 

6. Read the catalogue carefully — you owe this to your child as 
well as the institution. It contains our purpose. It is your contract 
with the College. Business principles require this. 

7. Read the reports carefully — these represent a history of the 
young man's progress. Timely advice will aid him to do his duty and 
ihus avoid the serious consequences following neglect. 

8. We can only be responsible for progress when the student is ro- 
i|uired by the parent or guardian to comply with rules and regulations 
as established by the Board of Control of the College. In fact, we 
prefer that those not doing so, should seek other places of training for 
those committed to their keeping. 

9. We can have but one aim, namely : To so direct the course A 
the student as to make his life a success. . - ^ 



^. W. SILVESTER, 

'PRESIDEAT M. A. a. 



"O OW |)/\TL)0>^>. 



9''7'^>' 



READ CAREFULLY THIS CIRCULAR. 



'4 -/■*< ^u'^ 



«• > > 



iV, , 



11 IS ;ul\isal)lo In (."all \(iur parlir I'ar a!U'iilii!i) t(> riTtam l(ann\-> • 't 
lln' I 'i Wv'.y sri l:iii^' \(iiir ])aln ma^t,'. 
I, TIk' .\i;ricullural ('i)!lc-i;\' is a. Ifc-lmical I ;i^l i! ill ii in ii! Icaiiiiii^. 

■ iMiiiiiJS its i^railuaU'S inr a spcrilic liiir c i \\Mi-'k. ( )iir u;i"a(lii;iU-'>, ;l 
.inu'St iiini. srciirr rir,])!< i\ iiU'iit < 'ii i^railuat ii m. 

_'. Mcni!)'. rs m| i!iis xx'ar's t'la^s ^i-rurrd pi i>ilii nm m ihr line >it 
:H'i-ial W'lrk upiiii cniiijj'rlini; iheir cniirsi,'. 
•;. I lie laoi!ili(.-s lur ])rartioal lal •( n-.-ili ir\ wiiils. an iN^iulial mi iii.- 
-ar\ in cwry drpartnicnl nl Xatnral Sric-iirr, arc i il" a rliarartcr \ < 
)]-<{ amplf i ipj): ill unity lur tlu- si"'K-iit iii l"ii!l\- itjiiip liini^cll' i. ir Ir-^ 
'r"s \\ I irk:. 
\. I'arcnls and nuardiaiis arr iii;_;iil Im \ irld a l'i-;iri\ (■' i(i]nialii i 

■ ^ till' iiiana^i-nii n! in tin- i/nk iXTinviit nl l!ir Unir^ and l\cL;nlal ii m-. 
iiilcrruplion in a course of s/uJy must eventuate in superficial i/i- 
jonnation a worllitess article in tliis Jay. 7b avoiJ this, per/nis- 

lo/i to leave the (JollcL/e shouU he left in the hanJs of those in 
l^arcje of the Institution, an J who know \<'hat pn\'ileL/es can he 
afely accozJed. 

S. Our tezms are very nioJerate. llie charyes are the only 
ource from which the 'Domestic 'Department can he supporteJ; 
hence, terms must he complied with. 

' ). i\^ad liu- t-atalni'iu' c-arriiilly— vi iH nwc ihi^ n, \iuir rlnld .■. 
\v]\ a^ llic inslilnlii ill. Il roiiiains inir ])urpll^^■. Il is xuiir (^()Ulra''t 
\illi iiii; ('(iik\L!'v. I'.iiMiU'ss ])rinciplrs ri()iii!"c this. 

7. Urad tl;r rc])iins raialnlly - llu-sr r«,-]irrM-n! a In'slnrv i,f t'li- 
Mini^" maiTs pn i^ix-ss. I iiiicly ad\U~r will aid hiiii 1m dn In- dul\ an I 
uis a\i»id lli<.- scTiiiUs t'l )n -n jiiciKas n il!i i\\ iin^' iu-l;KtI. 

S. \\ (,• can iiiiiy ho rcsin insiMi- inr ]ii-. i^rrss wlirii llu- ^ir.dmi is r-- 

airrd hy llic parnil nr guardian In riini|i|\ with nih-^ and rrL:niatii<i> 

> i.'s!ahh^lu-d h\ ihc llnaid < >\ <'i»ntiiil nl' the ( '( iHcl^jt. In fact. \\'' 

. i ci\r lliat lli'isi- iiiil diiniu" <(i, shiuild sitK: iitlu-r jilaccs (,1' ii-;niiiiiL;' [■ r 

iinsi- riininiitlnl tw their ixrcpinLi;-. 

ij. \\ (.- can ha\c hut nnc aim, iianich : 'I'u si; direct the course f 
he sUldelll as tn make hi.■^ lile ;i succ'ess. 



'n. W. SILVESTER, 

'ri<j:sii)i:.\r m. a. <:.