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Agpicultupal Collegc 



YEAP 1901-^02. 





YEAP iqOI-02. 

Board of Trustees. 


Members Ex-oflicio. 

Hon. John Walter Smith Governor, President of the Board. 

Hon. J. W. Hering- Comptroller of the Treasurj-. 

Hon. Isidor Rayner Attorney-General. 

Hon. Murray Vandiver State Treasurer. 

Hon. John Hubner President of the Senate. 

Hon. Lloyd Wilkinson Speaker of the House of Deleg-ates. 

Members Representing Stockholders. 

Allen Dodg-e, Esq Washington, D. C. 

Chas. B. Oalvert, Esq Colleg-e Park, Md. 

'Ohas. H. Stanley, Ksq Laurel, Md. 

Hon. M. de K. Smith Chestertown, ISId. 

Harold Walsh. Escj Jerusalem Mills. Md. 

Members Appointed by the Governor. 

Chas. W. Slagle, Esq., Baltimore, Md Term expires 1902. 

W. S. Whiteford, Esq., Whitefords, ]Md 

J. M, Monroe, Esq., Anne Arundel Co., Md. 


Hon. Chas. H. Evans, Baltimore, Md " " 1904. 

€. J. Purnell, Esq.. Snow Hill, Md 

Hon. David Seibert. Clear Spring-, Md. 



Standing Committees of the Board of Trustees. 

Messrs. Stanley, Vandiver, Slagle, Seibert, Whiteford and Dodge. 

Messrs. Vandiver, Stanley, Walsh, Monroe and Dr. Hering. 

Messrs. Evans, Walsh, Dr. Hering and Hiibner. 

Messrs. Monroe, Rayner, Calvert and Purnell. 

Messrs. Vandiver, Stanley and Slagle. 

Messrs. Slagle, Purnell and M. deK. Smith. 

Messrs. Whiteford, Calvert, Slagle, Stanley and Evans. 

Messrs. Stanley, Vandiver, Evans, Monroe, Slagle and Whiteford. 

Officers and Faculty of Instruction. 

Presirlent and Prafessor of Mathematics. 

Thomas H. S|)ence. A. M VicePres. and Prof, of Laiij>\ia<^es. 

Maj. J. C. Scantling-, IT. S. A. Retired. .Commandant of Cadets. 

W. T. L. Taliaferro. A. B Prof, of As-ricnlture. 

Harry Gwinner, M. M. E Prof, of Mechanical Engineering-. 

H. B. McDonnell, M. D., B. S Prof, of Chemistry. 

Henry Lanahan, A. B Prof, of Civics and Ci\il Eng-ineering. 

James S. Robinson Prof, of Horticnlture. 

A. L. Qnaintance, M. S Prof, of Entomolog-y and Associate in 


— Prof, of Patholog-y a.nd Botany. 

F. B. Bomberg-er, A. M I'rof. of Eng-lish and Civics. 

Samuel S. Buckley. M. S., D. V. S Prof, of Veterinary S^'ience. 

Henry T. Harrison Principal of Preparatory Department. 

Chas. S. Richardson Director of Phjsical Cultui-e and In- 
structor in Public Speaking-. 

J. H. Mitchell, M. E Assistant in Mechanical Eng-ineering" 

a nd I n s 

and Instructor in Electrical Engi- 

E. P. Sansten. M. fe 1 /-^ i » - a a - t-. ^ i 

1 General Assistants in Entf)mologv, 

( Pathology and I'.olany. 

J. R. Laughlin, B. S. 
M. N. Straughn, B. S. 

J. B. Robb, B. S y Assistants in Chemistry 

j Work). 

T. R. Gough, B. S 

C. G. Church, B. S 

Jos. R. Ovvens, M. D Registrar and Treasurer. 

W. O. Evei^field, M. D Physician in Charge. 

Moss M. L. Spence. Stenographer and Typewriter. 


Calendar for I90I4902. 


Sei)t€mber 19th, 20th and 21st Entrance Examinations. 

Monclaj', September 2'M\, 9 A. M College Work Begins. 

Friday, October 11th Meeting- of Board of Trustees, 

Friday, December 13th Meeting- of Brtard of Trustees, 

Friday, December 20th Fall Term Ends. 

Friday, December 20th, noon, to Fri- 
day, .January .']d, 9 A. j\r Christmas Holidays. , 


Friday, January 3d, 9 A. M. Winter Term beg-ins. 

Friday, March 14th Meeting- of Board of Trustees, 

Thursday, March 27th Winter Term ends. 

Thursday, March 27th, noon, to Tues- 
day, April 1 st, 9 A. M Easter Holidays. 


Tuesday, April 1st, 9 A. M Spring Term beg-ins. 

June 2d to 7th Final Examinations. 

Sunday, June 8th, 4 P. M Baccalaureate Sermon. 

Monday, June 9t/h Class Day. 

Tuesday, June 10th Alumni Day. 

Wednesday, June 11th, 11 A. M Commencement Day Exercises. 

Friday, June 13th Meeting- of Board of Trus;tees. 


As some misapprehension seems to exist in the mind of the g'ei*- 
eral pubHc as toi the exact nature of the instruction offered by the 
Maryland Agricultural College, and the function of the institution as 
a part of the educational system of the State, it is thought advisable 
at this time to make some very definite statement of the precise char- 
acter of the work of the College, its raison (Vetrv, and the aims and 
hopes of the present administration in endeavoring to carry out to the 
fullest extent the ambitions and ideals of its founders. A brief ac- 
count of the origin and history of the institution may serve to make 
clear its purpose and the scope of its work. 

The Maryland Agricultural College was incorporated by an Act of 
the General Assembly of Maryland, dated March 6th, 1856, at a time 
when but one other such institution existed in the United States. Its 
express purpose was defined to be, "To instruct the youthful student in 
those arts and sciences indispensable to successful agricultural pursuit.*^ 
Under the charter thus granted to a party of public-spirited private in- 
dividuals, the original college building was erected, and its doors 
opened to students in the fall of 1859. For three years it was conducted 
as a private institution, but in 1862 the Congress of the United States, 
recognizing the valuable work in the cause of practical education which 
such colleges were doing for the country, passed the "Land-grant Acf," 
providing for the establishment and maintenance of agricultural col- 
leges, by applying for that purpose a proportionate amount of un- 
claimed Western land, in place of scrip, to each State and Territory in 
the L^nion. This grant having been formally accepted by the General 
Assembly of Maryland, and the Maryland Agricultural College being 
named as the beneficiary of the grant, the College thus became, in 
part, at least, a State institution, and such it is at the present time. 

In 1887 the Federal Congress passed a second important Act in 
aid of the agricultural interests, appropriating $15,000 a year for the 
establishment and maintenance of agricultural experiment stations. 
The Maryland Station was located on the College farm, and was made 
a department of the College. In 1892 the Board of Trustees, so far 
separated it from the College as to put it under a special Director, who 
is directly responsible to the Board. The functiO'U of the Experiment 
Station is the investigation of those agricultural problems of most in- 
terest and concern to the farmers of the State, and the publication and 
dissemination of the results of such experiments, in the form of bul- 
letins, for the information and guidance of those interested in agricul- 
ture. Since the inception of the Experiment Station, its influence has 
steadily increased, and its sphere of usefulness has constantlv widened, 
until it is now a well-recognized factor in the agricultural development 
of Alaryland. 

Once more, in 1892, the Federal Government came to the aid of 
the agricultural and mechanical colleges. By the Act of Congress of 
that year an annual appropriation of $15,000, to be increased by $1,000 
each year until the sum of $25,000 was reached, was granted each 
State, to be applied toi the further equipment and support of the agri- 
cultural and mechanical colleges. The primary object of this legislation 
was the development of the departments of agricultural and the me- 
chanical arts, and the branches kindred thereto. Maryland, as was the 
case in all the States of the South, in order to comply with the terms 
of the Act of Congress, divided this fund between the State Agricul- 
tural College, and a somewhat similar institution for the education of 
colored students, located at Princess Anne, on the Eastern Shore of 

During the last seven years the history of the College has been 
that of steady growth. This fact is evidenced by the increased numbers 
of students availing themselves of its facilities ; by the erection of many 
new buildings — the library and gymnasium building, the new chemical 
laboratory, the mechanical engineering building, the Morrill Hall and 
the new college barn — as well as by the establishment of the Depart- 
ment of Farmers' Institutes and the Departments of State Entomology 
and State Pathology. Under such favorable auspices the institution 
must continue to grow, and ultimately reach the status of being the 
most important factor in the agricultural and industrial development 
of the State. 


The Maryland Agricultural College is located in Prince George's 
County, Maryland, on the line of the Washington Branch of the B. & 
O. R. R.. eight miles from Washington, and thirty-two miles from 
Baltimore. At least ten trains a day, from each city, stop at College 
Station, thus making the place easily accessible from all parts of the 
State. The telegraph station is Hyattsville, connected with the col- 
lege by a private telephone line. 

The college grounds front on the Baltimore and Washington turn- 
pike. The suburban town of Hyattsville is two and one-half miles to 
the south, and Laurel, the largest town in the count v, is thirteen miles 
to the north, on the same road. Connection with Washington bv the 
District and Suburban Electric Railway has recently been established. 

The site of the college is particularly beautiful. The buildings 
occupy the crest of a commanding hill, covered with forest trees, and 
overlooking the entire surrounding country. In front, extending to the 
turnpike, is a broad, rolling campus, the drill ground and athletic fie'd 
of the students. In the rear are the farm buildings and barn. A quar- 
ter of a mile to the northeast are the buildings of the Experiment 
Station. The college farm contains about three hundred acres, and is 
devoted to the gardens, orchards, vineyard and to general farming. 

The main ccllege building- is of brick, five stories in iieight. It 
contain-? the students' quarters, mess hall, chapel, lecture roonis and 
offices. The dormitories are large, well ventilated, and provideci with 
fire escapes and bath and water rooms. All the buildings are Hc;iited 
with gas and heated with steam from central plants on the college 
grounds. During the past summer extensive improvements u'ere 
made in the plumbing and sanitary arrangements of the building. An 
addition to the main building has been erected, containing conmio- 
<.iious bath rooms on each floor, with the most modern appliances for 
the comfort and health of the students. 

The Mechanical Engineering Department is located in a new two- 
story brick building, completed in 1896, and now thoroughly equipped. 
It contains workshops for carpentry and forging, machinery rooms, a 
drawing room, library and office. It is a model building of its kind. 

The new chemical building was completed in 1897, and is now 
thoroughly equipped. It contains several lecture rooms, laboratories 
for practical work and for the analysis of fertilizers and feeding mater- 
ial for domestic animals, which work is assigned to the Professor of 
Chemistry at this college by an Act of the General Assembly. He is 
thus the State Chemist. 

In 1894 the present building of the gymnasium and librar}^ was 
erected. The gymnasium on the groimd floor is well furnished with 
modern athletic appliances. The library and reading room is on the 
second floor, and is a large, well-lighted and convenient room for the 

One of the most noteworthy additions to the group of college 
buildings is the new Morrill Hall. The building provides 
ample acccmmodations for the Departments of Agriculture, Hor- 
ticulture, Biology, Physics, Entomology, Pathology and Veterinary 
Science, thus relieving the pressure of close quarters, from which 
these departments have sufifered, and greatly extending their opportu- 
nities for the development of high-grade scientific work. 


A modern hospital, well equipped — a long-felt want — is in pro- 
cess of constructioii, and will be completed by the opening of scholas- 
tic exercises in the fall. Our patrons will no doubt be gratified to 
know that this addition is so near at hand. Any form of contagious 
disease can thus be isolated, and the work of the College be continued 
without danger to those remaining. 

Another important improvement to the working facilities of the 
College and farm is a new and model barn. Especial attention is in- 
vited to the arrangement of this buildinp^, which is in many ways an 
example of an almost perfect general utility farm building. 

The general appearance of the coillege grounds is exceedingly 
attractive. They are tastefully laid ofif in lawn and terraces, with orna- 
mental shrubbery and flower pots, and the view from the grove and 
campus cannot be surpassed. 

The location of the college is healthful ; the sanitary conditions 
are excellent. Xo better proof of this can be given than that there 
has been no really serious case of illness among the students for 
nearly ten vears. 


The Agricultural College is the State School of Science and Tech- 
nology. While seeking, first of all, to perform the functions of an 
agricultural college, its sphere of work has been widened to embrace 
all the sciences akin to agriculture, and all the arts related to mechani- 
cal training. To these special and prominent lines of work have been 
added such branches of study as are necessary for a liberal education, 
for the development of the intelligent citizen, and the making of the 
man of general culture. The purpose of this College is to give to young 
men anxious to prepare themselves for the active duties of life, such 
training in the sciences or in the mechanical workshop as will enable 
them tO' take their places in the industrial world well prepared for the 
fierce competition of the day. 

Recognizing that such an education, in order to be of practical 
advantage to the many, must be offered at a cost within the means of 
all. the exi>enses for the year to the student have been reduced to the 
point where his college dues are not in excess of his ordinary daily ex- 
penses. It is to be remembered that the College is a State institution,, 
in part supported by the State, in part by the Federal Government,, 
through its several endowment Acts, and that it is in no sense a money- 
making institution, but simply a medium of disbursement by the gov- 
ernment to those classes upon whom the safety and prosperity of the 
State so largely depend. 

While the College provides, as will hereinafter be explained, sev- 
eral distinct courses of instruction, looking to the special training of 
the student in agriculture, mechanical engineering, the natural and' 
]>hysical sciences and belle lettres, the fact is clearly kept in view that 
a sound foundation must be laid for each and every course. Success- 
ful specialization is only possible after the student has been prepa**ed 
for it by a thorough training in the essentials. All education must be 
narrow and one-sided which does not provide for the general culture 
af the student, and which does not look first to the natural and normal 
development of the individual.. The general working plan of the Col- 
lege may be thus described : It begins wMth the student in his first, or 
Freshman year, a systematic and carefully adjusted scheme of work, 
differing but little in the several courses, and looking to his gene"ar 
development in mental strength, range of information and power of 
expression and thought. At the beginning of his second, or Sopho- 

more year, differentiation may be said tO' begin along those lines in 
which he shows most natural aptitude. This gradual specialization 
continues during his third or junior year, until in his last, or senior 
year, his work consists wholly of one or more closely connected 
topics in which he is thus able thoroughly to prepare himself. With 
the present equipment of the laboratories and mechanical workshops, 
a student is able to become so proficient in his chosen line of work that 
when he leaves the College a career is open to him if he chooses to 
;ivail himself of it. 

The Agricultural CoUoge is, legitimately, the crowning point of 
the Public School System of Maryland. Its aim is to provide a higher 
education to the graduates of the countv schools. To this end its cur- 
riculum is adjusted to meet the preparation of such students. It is this 
class of young men that the College is especially desiroiis of reaching. 
Experience has shown that our most satisfactory students come as 
graduates from the county schools, and no efforts will be spared to 
make the transition from the high school or grammar school to the 
College a possible one for all those actuated by an earnest desire to 
complete their education. 


The following is a brief account of the equipment of the several 
departments of the college, and the general character of the instruction 
given in each. 


Prof. W. T. L. Taliaferro. 

The Agricultural Department offers four courses — (a) a four-years^ 
course, leading to the degree of B. S. ; (b) a special two-years' course ; 
(c) a special creamery course; (d) a ten weeks' winter course. 

Outline of Four Years' Course, Freshman Year : 

First Session, Course I. — Seven periods per week ; three theoreti- 
cal, four practical. The general principles of agriculture, including 
the composition of soils and plants, the mechanical conditions of soils, 
elementary drainage, cultivation of the soil, plant reproduction, ma- 
nures and fertilizers, rotation of crops, food and manure value of 
crops, farm live stock. 

This course aims to give a comprehensive, though elementary 
knowledge of the principles and practice of agriculture, and is arranged 
on the basis of a minimum of theory and a maximum of facts. Gulley's 
"First Lessons in Agriculture" is used as a text-book, but the greater 
part of the work is in the fields and stables. 

First Session '. Course II. 

Seven periods per week; three theoretical, four practical. Crop 
Production — the study of farm crops in detail, as to characteristics and 
requirements, including local adaptation, fertilization, cultivation, har- 
vesting. Text-book, Morrow and Hunt's "Soils and Crops," in con- 
nection with lectures and laboratory and field work on the Station 
farm. This subject is taken up again in the spring, with a special 
reference to spring crops. 

Course HI. — Breeds of Stock and Stock Judging. This course 
includes the study in detail of the principal breeds of farm stock, their 
history, purpose and characteristics, and practical stock- judging. Text- 
book, Curtiss' "Horses, Cattle, Sheep and Swine." Breeders' Ga- 
zette," "Hoard's Dairyman," and bulletins of the U. S. Dept. of Agri- 
cultural and Experiment Stations are used for reference. 

Second Session Course IV. 

Eight periods per week ; four theoretical, four practical ; (a) The 
study of the physical and chemical conditions of soils in their relation 
to agriculture. The soil is the basis of all agriculture, and a knowl- 
edge of its properties and functions cannot be too strongly empha- 
sized. The study of this important subject is conducted by means 
of laboratory and field work. Lecture and text-book, Prof. King's 
"The Soil." (b) Cultivation of Spring Crops; lectures and practical 
work, field notes. 


First Session Course V. 

Four periods per week ; two theoretical, two practical. The 
Principles of Stock Breeding. The wonderful success which has at- 
tended the efforts of well-informed and judicious breeders on the one 
hand, and on the other the greater number of practically worthless 
animals to be found in the country, clearly illustrate the need on the 
part of the general farmer for a more intimate knowledge of, and a 
closer attention to the principles which underlie this important branch 
of farming. Miles' "Stock Breeding" is the text-book in the course, 
but is reinforced by the study of the breeding and records of noted 
animals in all of the principal breeds. 

Second Session Course VT. 


Five periods per week ; two theoretical, three practical, (a) Farm 
machinery ; lectures and practical work, (b) Drainage ; practical work 
and text-book, Waring's "Drainage for Profit and Health." 


First Session Course VII. 

Ten periods per week, (a) Fertilizers and Soil Fertility ; text- 
books, Voorhees' "Fertilizers," Robert's "Fertility of the Land." 
(b ) Stock Feeding ; lectures and practical work ; reference books, 
Henry's "Feeds and Feeding," experiment and U. S. Agricultural 
Department bulletins. 

Second Session Course VIII . 

(a) Dairying and Creamery Work ; lectures and practical work. — 
Mr. Doane. (b) Farm Specialties. 


Harry Gwinner, Professor. 
J. Hanson Mitchell, Assistant. 

This department ofifers a course toi those who desire to prepare 
themselves to design and construct machinery and superintend engi- 
neering establishments. With this end in view is offered en educa- 
tion based on Mechanics, Drawing, Mathematics, Physics and Mod- 
ern Languages, together with a practical training in the uses of tools 
and machinery. The allied subjects of the course taught outside of 
the department, and the hours allotted to each, will be found in the 
"Outline of Courses." The details of those taught in the department 
are as follows: 


Both Sessions Course I. 

Mechanical Drawing, eight periods per week, first session, eight 
hours the second. Practice in plain lettering, use of instruments, 
projections and simple working drawings ; the plates upon completion 
being enclosed in covers properly titled by the student. Text-book, 
Rouillion's "Mechanical Drawing." 


First and Second Sessions Course II. 


Technical Instruction — ^Three hours per week first session; two 
periods second session. Explanation of the reading of mechanical 
drawings. The proper cutting, angles, care and adjustment of car- 
penter tools. Relative strength of wood joints. Wood: Its shrink- 
ing and warping, and how to correct and prevent. Text, Goss' "Bench 
Work in Wood." Drill in problems in Arithmetic, Algebra and 
Drawing, by notes and lectures. Mr. Mitchell. 

Both Sessions Course III. 

Shop Work — Six periods per week. Use and care of carpenter 
tools; exercises in sawing, mortising, tenoning and laying out work 
from drawings ; wood-turning and pattern-making. 

Prof. Gwinner. 

Both Sessions Course IV. 

Mechanical Drawing — Four periods per week first session; six 
the second. Free-hand sketching of details of machinery and draw- 
ing to scale from these sketches. Tracing and blue printing, and rep- 
resentation of flat and round surfaces by ink shading. Text-book, 
Rouillion's "Mechanical Drawing." Mr. Mitchell. 

First Session Course V. 

Elementary Applied Mechanics — Three periods per week. Trans- 
mission of power by belts and pulleys, the results of forces acting upon 
bodies, bolts, nuts and screws, inclined plane, laws of friction, strength 
of shafting, and bending movements of beams. Jamieson's "Applied 
Mechanics" is the text used. Prof. Gwinner. 

Both Sessions Course VI. 

Shop Work — Four periods per week first session, six the second. 
Blacksmithing — the elementary operations of drawing out, upsetting, 
bending and welding of iron, and making and tempering of steel 
tools ; moulding and casting in iron, and the management of the 
cupola. Mr. Mitchell. 


Both Sessions Course VII. 

Elementary Machine Design — Four periods per week. The de- 
signing of bolts, screws and nuts. Calculations and drawings of a 

simple type of steam engine. Wells' "Engineering, Drawing and De- 
sign" is the text used. Mr. Mitchell. 

Bath Sessions Course VIII. 

Shop Work — Six periods per week. Elementary principles of vise 
and machine work, which includes turning, planing, drilling, screw- 
cutting and filing. This is preceded by a study of the different ma- 
chines used in the machine shops. Prof. Gwinner. 

Second Session Course IX. 

Descriptive Geometry — ^Three periods. Its relation to mechanical 
drawing, and solution Of problems relating to magnitudes in space, 
bearing directly upon those mostly used by the mechanical engineer. 
Text-book, 'Taunce's Descriptive Geometry." 

Prof. Gwinner. 
Second Session Course X. 

Steam Engine and Boilers — Three periods per week. The prin- 
ciples of steam and the steam engine. The slide valve, and valve dia- 
grams ; the indicator and its diagram ; steam boilers — ^the various 
types and their advantages, including the method of construction. 
Text used is Jamieson's "Steam and Steam Engines." 

Prof. Gwinner. 


Both Sessions . . . ; Course XL 

Machine Design — Four periods per week first term, six the sec- 
ond. The calculation and design of pipes, belt and tooth gearing, 
beams and cranes. Text, Low & Bevis' "Machine Drawing and 
Design." Prof. Gwinner. 

First and Second Sessions Course XII. 

Shop Work — Eight periods per week first session, ten hours sec- 
ond session. Advanced machine work ; the laying out. assembling 
and construction of some piece of machinery — such as an engine, lathe 
or dynamo. Prof. Gwinner. 

Second Session. .* Course XIII. 

Testing — Four periods per week. A course in experimental en- 

gineering ; oil testing, determining the coefficient of friction, the cali- 
bration of the planimeter and steam gauges, sUde valve setting and 
indicator practice. The slide rule, and determining the amount of 
moisture in steam. , Prof. Gvvinner. 


The Mechanical Engineering Laboratory is a two-story brick 
building, 45 feet by 60 feet, contains the carpenter, forge and foundry^ 
and machine shops, one drafting and two lecture rooms. An annex, 
25 feet by 50 feet, contains two 6o-horse-power boilers, which furnish 
steam for power, heat and experimental purposes. 

The carpenter shop contains accommodations for twelve students 
in bench work and w<x)d-turning. The power machinery in this shop 
is a band and circular saw, five 12-inch turning lathes and a grinding 

In the forge shop are nine power forges, one hand forge, a pres- 
sure fan and exhauster for keeping the shop free of smoke. There is 
a full assortment of smith tools for each forge. The moulding and 
casting is done in the same room as the forge work, and great atten- 
tion is given this branch as a knowledge of the foundry work is very 
essential to the engineer. The foundry is equipped with a Whiting 
cupola, which melts 1.200 pounds of iron per hour, and with the ne- 
cessary flasks and tools. 

The machine shop contains one Reed lo-inch speed lathe, one 24- 
inch Gray planer, one 12-inch Reed combined foot and power lathe, a 
Diamond No. 4 emery tool grinder, one 14-inch Reed engine lathe, a 
Snyder 24-inch drill press and an assortment of vises, taps, dies, pipe 
tools and measuring instruments. 

An 8-inch by 12-inch engine drives the machinery of the diflferent 
shops. It was presented to the College by the city of Baltimore, and 
secured through the efforts of Com. John D. Ford, of the U. S. N. 

The drafting room is well-equipped for practical work, having 
suitable benches, lockers and blue print facilities. 

Tours of Inspection. — The members of the Senior Class go to 
Baltimore or Washington for the purpose oif inspecting well-known 
manufacturing plants. 



Mathematics is the basis upon which scientific information rests. A 
knowledge of the study is necessary, as much from the utilitarian 
point of view as from the mental training its acquisition gives. Its 
importance as a factor in our college course takes its rise from the 


former consideration. All instruction in this work is with a view to 
the equipping of students for the more practical work soon to follow. 

The class work in mathematics in the several courses consists of 
arithmetic, bookkeeping, algebra, geometry (plane and solid), trigo- 
nometry (plane and spherical), descriptive geometry, in its application 
to mechanical drawing, analytical geometry, differential and integral 
calculus, in their application to mechanics, engineering and physics 
and surveying. 

In the applied mathematics, bookkeeping is taught every student. 
No matter what vocation a man intends tO' follow, a knowledge of busi- 
ness forms and methods of systematic accounts is a requisite to suc- 
cess. To be able to use an ordinary compass or transit, for the pur- 
pose of laying out, dividing and calculating the area of land, or of 
running outlines and leveling for the purpose of drainage, is a neces- 
sary accomplishment for every intelligent farmer. 

First Session Course I. 

Number of periods per week, five. Algebra — Wentworth's com- 
plete, as far as Logarithms. 

Prof. Harrison. 

Second Session Course H. 

Number of periods per week, eight. Algebra — Wentworth's 
completed ; Geometry — First three books of Wentworth's Plane Ge- 

Prof. Harrison. 

First Session Course HI. 

Number of periods per week, four. Geometry, plane and solid, 

Second Session Course IV. 

Number of periods per week, four. Trigonometry, completed. 

Prof. Silvester. 


First Session Course V. 

Number of periods per week, five. Analytics, completed. 

Prof. Silvester. 

- _ ^ 18 ^ 


Professor F. B. Bomberger. 

This department, as its name implies, covers the work of two dis- 
tinct courses of instruction. It seeks to prepare the student by system- 
atic training in the history, structure and use of the EngHsh language, 
for the highest development of his mental powers and for the complex 
duties and relations of life ; and further, to fit him for the active and in- 
telligent exercise cf his rights and duties as a man and citizen. 

The course in English of necessity lies at the base of all other 
courses of instruction. A clear and comprehensive knowledge of his 
mother tongue is absolutely necessary to the student in pursuing any 
line of college work. Nor is this all, for aside from the practical value 
of the English instruction as an aid to other branches of study, and as 
a preparation for business and profession, it is to his training in this 
department, in connection with his study of history and the classics 
and modern languages, that the student must look for the acquiring of 
that general culture that has always been the distinguishing mark of 
the liberally educated man. The English work, which is common to 
all courses, consists of the study of the structure of the English lan- 
guage, literature (English and American) theoretical and practical 
rhetoric, logic, critical reading and analysis, and constant exercise in 
expression, composition and thesis writing. 

The course in civics is especially designed to prepare young men 
for the active duties of citizenship. The first two years are devoted to 
the study of general history, followed by the principles of civil govern- 
ment, constitutional history, political econoiny, with special reference 
to current social and industrial problems, and, finally, lectures on the 
elements of business law. 


Prof. F. B. Bomberger. 

First Session Course I. 

All students. Five periods per week. English language, review 
of grammar, practical exercise in analysis and synthesis, composition 
and letter-writing. 

Second Session Course I (Continued). 

All students. Five periods per week. Texts used in Course I — 
Lockwood's '"Lessons in English" and Buehler's "Exercises in 


First Session Course II. 

Classical, Scientific and Mechanical students. Four periods per 
week. Principles and practice of rhetoric. Text used in Course II — 
Genung-'s "Practical Rhetoric'' and ''Outlines of Rhetoric." 

Second Session Course lU. 

Classical, Scientific and Mechanical students. Three periods per 
week. Principles and practice o'f logic. Text used in Course III — 
Jevon's-Hill's "Logic." 


First Session Course IV. 

Classical students only. Five periods per week. English Litera- 
ture. Text-book, lectures, readings, composition. Texts used in 
Course IV — Pancoast's "English Literature," Arnold's "English Lit- 
erature" and Jaine's "English Literature." All students. 

First Session Course V. 

All students. One period per week. Practice in English Compo- 
sition. Special Lectures. 

Second Session Course \T. 

Classical students only. Five periods per week. American Lit- 
erature. Text-book, lectures, readings, composition. Text used in 
Course VI. Bronson's "American Literature." 
Second Session Course V (Continued). 

All students. One period per week. Practice in English Compo- 
sition ; special lectures. 

First Session Course \'II. 

Classical students only. Four periods per week. Critical study 
of English Classics, following the outline for college entrance require- 
ments in English. 

First Session Course VIII. 

Q\2.?>s\Z2iS. students only. Three periods per week. Principles of 
Psychology. Text-book and lectures; text used in Course VIII — 
Dewey's "Psychology." 

Second Session Course VII (Continued). 

Classical students only. Four periods per week. Critical study 
of English Classics. 

Second Session Course VIII (Continued). 

Classical students only. Three periods per week. Principles of 
Psychology; text-book and lectures; text-book used in Course VIII — 
Dewey's "Psychology." 

Prof. F. B. Bomberger. 

First Session Course I 

Classical students only. Four periods per week. Outlines of 
Ancient History. Text-book and lectures; text used in Course I — 
Swinton's "Outlines of History." 
Second Session Course I (Continued). 

Classical students only. Four periods per week. Outlines of 
Ancient History ; text-book and lectures ; text used in Course I — 
Swinton's "Outlines of History" completed. 


First Session Co/urse II. 

Classical and Scientific students. Three periods per week. Out- 
lines of Mediaeval and Modern History ; text-book and lectures ; text- 
book used in Course II — Myer's "Mediaeval and Modern History.'' 

Second Session Course II (Continued) . 

Classical students only. Three periods per week. Course II 


First and Second Sessions Course III. 

Classical, Scientific and Mechanical students. Two periods per 


week. Civil Government in the United States. Text-books used in 
Course III — Fiske's "Civil Government," Hinsdale's "American Gov- 
ernment" and Clark's "Outlines of Civiqs." 

First and Second Sessions '. Course IV. 

Classical students only. Two periods per week. United States 
Government; special lectures on Constitution of Maryland. (Text- 
books used in Course IV — Townsend's "Analysis of the Constitu- 
tion" and Bryce's "American Commonwealth." 

First Session Course V. 

Classical and Mechanical students. Three periods per week. 
Principles cf Political Economy; text used in Course V — Will's 
"Political Economy." 

First Session Course VI. 

Classical students only. One period per week. Lectures on 
"Business Law" as used in everyday life. Text-book used in Course 
VI — Parson's "Commercial Law." 

Second Session Course V (Continued). 

Classical and Mechanical students. Three periods per week. The 
Industrial Development of the United States ; Economic Science and 
current problems. Special lectures. 

Second Session Course VI. 

Classical students only. One period per week. Lectures on Con- 
stitutional and International Law, as applied to current political life. 


Prof. H. B. McDonnell. 

The Chemical Department occupies the new chemical laboratory 
building, a substantial and commodious brick structure, which is lo- 
cated about one hundred yards north of the main building-. It con- 
tains, on the first floor, a lecture room, preparation room, office, and 
two laboratories, with communicating balance room, which are used 
for State work. On the second floor are the students' laboratories 
one for each class, a supply room and students' balance room. The 
department has a reference library of standard works, which is being 

2.2. y> 

gradually increased. The equipment of the laboratory is unusually 
full and complete. 

Instruction in chemistry is both theoretical and practical. Each 
student is assigned to a laboratory desk, which is provided with gas 
and water connections, and an outfit of chemicals and apparatus, for 
which he is held responsible, being charged for apparatus broken. This 
charge has averaged less than one dollar per year for Sophomores, and 
less than two dollars per year for Juniors and Seniors. 

Students making a specialty of chemistry are allowed to use the 

laboratories at any time between the hours of 8 A. M. and 5 P. M.,. 

and are encouraged to devote more time to practical work than is 

called for by the schedule. Such students, have, invariably, been able 

to secure positions after graduation. 

The O'Utline of the course, with names of text-books used and the 
number of hours per week, is as follows : 


First Session Course I. 

"Introduction to the Study of Chemistry," Remsen's; recitative 
four, practical three. 

Second Session Course I. 

The same as first session; recitative four, practical three. 


First Session Course II. 

"Qualitative Analysis," Mason's; recitative two, practical six; 
"Determinative Mineralogy," Brush's; recitative two, practical four. 

Second Session Course III 

"Advanced Chemistry," Remsen's ; recitative, four ; "Quantitative 
Analysis" and "Assaying," practical, ten. 


First Session Course IV, 

"Organic Chemistry," Remsen's; recitative, foair; determination 
of molecular and atomic weights, organic analysis, analysis of fodder, 
feed stufifs, water, sugar, organic experiments, assaying, etc. ; practi- 
cal, ten. • 


Second Session Course V. 

The work of this session will be arranged to suit the requirements 
of the individual student, and will consist mainly in the preparation of 
a thesis, involving some original research ; recitative, four ; practical 


Advanced courses in general and technical chemistry and quan-. 
titative analysis are arranged to meet the wants of individual cases. 

For graduates who have completed the five courses, as above, or 
their equivalent, courses are arranged leading to the degree of M. S 
It is possible, by diligent application, to complete such a course in one 
year's work. A thesis is required. 


Professor Henry Lanahan. 

The physical lecture-room and laboratory are located in Mocrill 
Hall, in rooms excellently adapted to the purpose. The department is 
well supplied with apparatus for lecture-room demonstrations and for 
students' individual laboratory work, and new pieces of apparatus are 
added to the equipment each year. 


First Session Course I. 

Elementary Physics, three periods per week. 
Tlie course consists of lectures, recitations and experimental 
demonstrations by the instructor, on the mechanics of solids, liquids 
and gases. The student is required to work a number of problems, and 
his attention is directed to the practical applications of the principles, 
studied. Text, Carhart & Chute's "Elements of Physics." 


Both Sessions Course II. 

Physics. — Four periods per w-eek class-room work, and four 
periods per week laboratory work. 

The course begins w^ith a review of mechanics, after which heat, 
sound, electricity and magnetism, and light are taken up successively, 
by lectures, recitations, problems and demonstrations. A knowledge 
of the elements of plane trigonometry is required for entrance. The 

laboratory work consists of a series of experiments, mainly quantita- 
tive, designed to illustrate and verify the laws and principles consid- 
ered in the class-room, and to develop in the student skill in manipula- 
tion, and accuracy in making precise measurement. Written reports 
of the work done in the laboratory are required weekly. The text- 
books used are "Theory of Physics," Ames, and "Manual Experiments 
in Physics," Arties and Bliss. 


Both Sessions Course III. 

More advanced work will be provided for students who have 
completed the preceding courses, and who wish to continue the study 
dt physics. 


Professor Henry Lanahan. 


Both Sessions Course I 

Surveying. — Two periods per week class-room work ; three peri- 
ods per week field practice. 

The course includes the use and adjustment of engineering instru- 
ments ; the methods of land surveying ; the platting and computing of 
areas; the dividing of land; the theory of the Stadia; true meridian 
lines ; leveling ; topographical surveying ; railroad curves and cross 
sectioning. Text, Davis' "Surveying." If time permits, the methods 
of locating and staking out new roads will be taken up, and some at- 
tention given to road construction. The department is equipped with 
two surveyor's compasses, a Gurley transit, with solar attachment, 
and a 20-inch Gurley level. 

First Session Course II. 

" Graphic Statics. — Three periods per week. 

Including the theory and practice of the graphical methods of de- 
termining stresses in framed structures, particularly roof trusses ; and 
bending movements and shears in beam. The course is based on Hos- 
kins' Graphic Statics, and many of the problems are solved analyti- 
cally as well as graphically. 


Second Session Course II (Continued) . 

Strength of Alaterials. — Three periods per week. 

Treating of the elasticity and resistance of materials cf construc- 
tion, and the mechanics of beams, columns and shafts. The text used 
is Merriman's "Mechanics of Materials," and a knowledge of integral 
calculus is required for entrance to the course. 


James S. Robinson, Professor, 
Prof. A. L. Quaintance, Associate. 


Second Session Course I 

Nine periods per week; lectures and practical work. i. Methods 
of propagation of plants ; (a) seeds ; study of methods of germination, 
seeding and vitality ; (b) grafting ; (c) budding; (d) cuttings ; (e) layers. 
2. Character of soils as best adapted to different fruits and vegetables. 
Methods of modification of soils. 3. Preparation of soil for planting, 
and cultivation of /fruits and vegetables. 4. Manures, compost and 
fertilizers for fruits and vegetables. 5. Hot-beds and cold-frames. 
The practical work is intended to give students a knowledge of the 
operations in the green-house, garden and orchard. The work will 
include the management of green-house crops, propagation of plants, 
planting; pruning, etc. These exercises will be supplemented by fa- 
miliar talks on the operations performed. Required preparations : 
General knowledge of soils and proper soil conditions, and a general 
knowledge of the principles of soil fertilization, cultivation of plants 
and plant: reproduction. 


First Session Course II. 

One period per week. Lectures, planting, cultivation and man- 
agement of small fruits. 


First Session. \ Course HI. 

26 ^ 

Otericultiire or Vegetable Gardening. Two periods per week 

Lectures ; a discussion of the principles of vegetable gardening and 

methods of producing and handling the various crops. The subject is 

considered from the standpoint of production for home use as well as 

for commercial purposes. 

Second Session (First Half) Course IV'. 

Landscape gardening; two consecutive periods per week. The 
treatment of the subject is with special reference to the improvement 
of the home surroundings ; the making of lawns ; the arrangement of 
trees, shrubbery and other plants ; the laying out and construction of 

Second Session (Second Half) Course V. 

Spraying of plants. Two consecutive periods per week. A dis- 
cussion of the principles underlying the operation, and examination 
of the apparatus used ; the preparation of insecticides and fungicides, 
together with practical demonstration in the field. Reference book — 
Lodeman's "The Spraying of Plants." 


First Session Course VI. 

Pomology. Two periods per week. A discussion of the princi- 
ples underlying the growing of orchard fruits. Selection of location 
for the orchard ; orchard management ; handling and marketing the 

Second Session Course VII. 

Plant variation and plant breeding. Two periods per week. The 
fact and philosophy of variation ; the effects of soil, climate, cultiva- 
tion and other ameliorating influences upon plants. The crossing and 
hybridizing of plants and their limits ; the importance of the cross, and 
its relations to practical horticulture ; breeding for a special purpose ; 
selection, heredity, and the origin of domestic varieties. 

Reference Books — Bailey's "Survival of the Unlike," Bailey's 
"Plant Breeding," Darwin's "Cross and Self-Fertilization in the Vege- 
table Kingdom," Darwin's "Animals and Plants under Domestication." 


First and Second Sessions Course VIII. 

The work and time to be arranged with each student individually. 
This course is intended for advanced students, and will require some 
original research. It may be taken by Seniors as their major subject; 
or one of their minors. 



Professor Samuel S. Buckley. 


First Session Course I. 

Four periods per week for students in General Science course; 
four periods per week for students in Agricultural course. 

Elementary Biology. — A study of the microscope and microscopic 
methods. The lower forms of plant and animal life. This course is 
obligatory for those who wish to pursue advanced work in this de- 
partment, in botany or entomology. 

Second Session Course II. 

Three lectures and two periods laboratory work per week for 
students in General Science and Agricultural courses. 

Comparative Anatomy and Physiology. — Special reference tO' the 
processes of nutrition. Laboratory work will consist of dissections 
and tests, illustrating some of the chemical changes occurring within 
the body. Students in the General Science course will receive one ex- 
tra lecture per week. 


First Session Course III. 

Two lectures and four periods practical work for students in the 
Biological and Agricultural courses. 

Comparative Anatomy and Physiology. — The organs of locomo- 
tion, form and action. Disorders of nutrition and of locomotion. 

Second Session Course IV. 

Two lectures and four periods laboratory work per week for stu- 
dents in Biological and Agricultural courses. 




Vertebrate Zoology. — This course is adapted to the requirements 
of courses depending- upon it, and will be largely practical. 

First Session Course V 

Two lectures and six periods of practical work per week. Diseases 
and accidents ; emergency treatment ; the administration of medicines ; 
means of restraint; care and management; nursing; shoeing. This 
course may be elected as a minor. 

Second Session Course VI 

Two lectures and six periods of practical work per week. 

Second Session Course V (Continued) 

Students electing Veterinary Science as a major subject must 
have completed Courses I to IV, inclusive. The course will conform 
to requirements of the subject of the Graduating Tliesis, and must be 
equivalent to at least ten hours of recitative work throughout the year 



Prof. A. L. Quaintance. ~ 

The instruction in this department is given by means \of lectures 
laboratory practice and field work. In the lectures the more general 
questions are discussed with a view of giving the students as broad a 
knowledge of the subject as practicable in the time devoted to it. In 
the laboratory, attention is given to methods of investigation, insect 
anatomy, and preparation and classification of collections made in the 
field. The work of this department is open only to Juniors and Sen- 
iors in the Agricultural and General Science Courses, unless by special 
arrangement, and must be preceded by the Course in Elementary 
Biology in the Sophomore year. 


First Session Course I 

Invertebrate Zoology. — Six periods per week ; lectures and labora- 
tory exercises. 

This course involves a study of representatives of the principal 
groups of invertebrate animals, together with lectures on their struc- 
ture and classification. 


Second Session Course IL 

Entomology. — General course ; five periods per week. Lectures 
and laboratory exercises. The lectures treat of the zoological position 
of insects, the characteristics of the orders, sub-orders, and the more 
important families; the habits and life history of insects, with special 
reference to those species that are of economic importance. The 
laboratory and field work inchtdes the study of the more general feat- 
ures of insect anatomy, the determination of general species, and the 
collection and preservation of insects. 

First and Second Sessions Course III. 

Entomology. — 'Advanced course. Open only to students who 
have completed Courses I and II, or their equivalents. This course 
consists of special work in Morphology, or classification, or working 
out the life history of insects. Students making Entomology their 
major, will be required to devote at least ten hours per week, through- 
out the year, to this course, and prepare an original thesis upon the 
subject chosen or assigned. 





First Session Course I, 

Four periods per week. Simple Morphology of Plants, and Func- 
tions of Plant Organs. Bergen's Elements of Botany. 

Second Session Course II 

Four periods per week. Simple Morphology of Plants continued. 
This course must be preceded by Course I. Bergen's "Elements of 
Botany," and "Gray's Manual." 



Gray's Lessons and Manual ; Briton and Brown, Flora of North- 
ern United States; Bergen's Elements of Botany; Spalding's Intro- 
duction to Botany; Bastin's College Botany; Bessey's Botany for 

. 30 .^ r 

High Schools and Colleges; Strasburger's Manual of Vegetable His- 
tology; Arthur, Barnes and Coulter, Plant Dissection. 


First Session Course IH 

Two lectures and a minimum of four laboratory hours per week- 
Systematic study of Fall Flowers and Grasses, followed by a study of 
Structures, and Life Histories of Cryptogams, with special attention 
to fungi. This course necessarily embraces advanced work in micro- 
scopical technique, including imbedding, sectioning, staining and the 
preparation of permanent mounts, and must be preceded by Course H 
and a course in Practical Elementary Biology. 

Second Session Course IV. 

Two lectures and a minimum of four periods of laboratory worl^- 
per week. Morphology and Life Histories of Phanerogams, with spe- 
cial attention to plants of economic importance. The work in micro- 
scopical technique will be continued during this session. This course 
must be preceded by Course III. 



Goebel's Outlines of Classification and Special Morphology: 
Vines' Student Text-book of Botany; Coulter's Plant Life; Under- 
wood's Moulds, Mildews and Mushrooms; Macbride's Slime Moulds 
of North America ; Bennett & Murray, Cryptogamic Botany. 


First Session Course Y 

Two lectures and a minimum of six periods of laboratory work 
per week. Plant Physiology. This course must be preceded by 
Course IV, and may be elected as a minor. 

Second Session '■ Course VI 


Two lectures and a minimum of six periods of laboratory work 
per week. Plant Pathology. This course embraces a study of para- 
sitic fungi and their relations to the higher plants in producing dis- 
ease. It also includes methods in the preparation and application of 
fungicides. Course VI must be preceded by Course \', and must be 
elected as a minor, following Course V. 

Students electing Botany as a major subject must have had 
Courses I to IV, inclusi\e, or their equivalent, and must prepare a 
thesis along the line of tl e major work. An outline of the work and 
the hours will be arranged upon consultation with the Professor in 



Sach's The Physiology of Plants ; Vines' Physiology of Plants ; 
MacDougal's Plant Physiology ; Sorauer's Treatise on the Physiology 
of Plants; Tubuef and Smith, Diseases of Plants. 


Courses in advanced work in Botany and Plant Pathology will be 
open to all students who have completed the six undergraduate courses 
or their equivalent. This work is designed for students who wish to 
specialize in Botany or in Plant Pathology, and will consist largely of 
original investigation. Students applying for advanced work along 
these lines will be expected to spend practically all of their time in 
this department. The subject to be investigated, and an outline of the 
work will be arranged upon consultation with the Professor in charge. 

! - Prof. Thos. H. Spence. 

The Department of Languages embraces the study of three 
branches ; Latin, French and German. All students are required to 
take the courses in German and French ; only students of the Classical 
Course take Latin. 

The course of study in Latin is given with two ends in view — 
first, to train the growing mind into accurate and close methods of 
reasoning; second, to give the student more thorough and compre- 
hensive knowledge of his own language than he could otherwise ac- 
quire. Especial attention is paid to Latin syntax and idioms. The 
translation work of the course consists of Sallust, Virgil, Cicero, Hor- 
ace, Livy, Tacitus and Juvenal, besides other authors, selected for 
sight reading. 

On account of the large percentage of Germans in our population. 
a speaking knowledge of this language is very important, and especial 
attention is given to conversation throughout the course. After the 
elements of the language have been mastered, and a certain faciiity of 
translation acquired, the class is divided, and the students pursuing the 
Classical Course continue to translate from the works of classic Ger- 
man authors, while the students of the Scientific Courses are given 
scientific German for translation. 

In French, also, after the elementary work and grammar have 
been completed, the students of the Classical Course, and those of the 
Scientific Courses are separated, the first selecting translations from 
French literature, the scientific students work of a scientific nature. 


First Session .' Course I 

Six periods per week. Grammar and composition, five hours; 
syntax, one hour. 


First Session j-. Course I — Latin, 

Six periods per week — Grammar and Composition. 

Second Session Course H — Latin. 

Six periods per week. Continuation of Course I; also Transla- 
tion in Gate to Caesar, or "Viri Romae." Text-books: Bingham's 
"New Latin Grammar;"' Gildersleeve's ''New Latin Primer;" Collar's 
"Gate to Caesar;" Rolph's "Viri Romae." 

First Session Course HI— Latin 

Six periods per week, Sallust's "Jugurtha," or "Caesar's Gallic 
War." Latin Prose Composition. 

Second Session Course IV— Latin. 

Six periods per week. Virgil's "Aeneid," books I and VI. My- 
thology, Latin Prose Composition, Prosody, Ancient Geography, 
Text-books : Harper and Tolman's "Caesar ;" Chase and Stuart's "Sal- 
lust;" Chase and Stuart's "Virgil;" Gayley's "Classic Myths;" Dan- 
iell's "Latin Prose Composition." • < 


First Session Course V — Latin. 

Six periods per week. Cicero's Orations (selected), Latin Prose 

Second Session Course VI — Latin. 

Six periods per week. Horace's Odes, Epodes and Satires (se- 
lected) ; Latin Prose Composition. Text-books, Chase and Stuart's 
"Cicero;" Chase and Stuart's "Horace;" Daniell's "Latin Prose 


First Session Course VII — Latin. ■ 

Six periods per week. Livy, Book XXI, Latin Prose Thesis Worfo 

Second Session Course VIII, Latin 

Six periods per week. Juvenal's "Satires" (selected), Terence'.s 
"Andria," Tacitus' "Germania;" Latin Prose Thesis Work. 

Text-books, Chase and Stuart's "Livy;" Chase and Stuart's 
"Tacitus;" MacLeane's "Juvenal;'' West's "Terence." 


Second Session Course I, German 

Four periods per week. Elementary German. Text-book, Otis' 
"Elementary German." 


First Session Course II, German 

Three periods per week, German Translation. 

Second Session Course III, German 

Three periods per week. Continuation of Course II. Text* 
books selected from the following : Hauff's "Das Kalte Herz ;" Schil- 
ler's "Der Neffe als Onkel;" Hillern's "Hoeher als die Kirche ;" 
Grandgent's "Ali Baba and the Forty Thieves;" Sybel's "Die Erhe 
bung Europas;" Walther's "Algemeine Meereskunde ;" Northrop's 
"Geschichte der Neuen Welt." 

SENIOR YEAR (Optional). 
First Session , . Course IV, German 

Selected Readings in Scientific German. 

Second Session Course V, German. 

Continuation of Course IV. 

First Session . , : Course I, French 

Five periods per week. Elementary French. French reader. 

Second Session Course II, French 

Three periods per week. Selected Readings. Text-books: Se- 
lected from the following, also others, not yet determined : Whitney's 
French Grammar, Super's French Reader, Rougemont's La France, 
Fenelon's Telemaque, Herdler's Scientific French Reader, Dumas' Les 
Trois Mousquetaires. 


Prof. H. T. Harrison. 

First Session Course I 

Arithmetic. — Ten periods per week. Wentworth's G. S 
Arithmetic completed. 

Algebra. — Five periods per week. Wentworth's Algebra as far 
as Fractions. 

History. — Five periods per week. United States History from 
1775 to the present time. 

Geography. — Five periods per week. Descriptive Geography 

English. — Eight periods per week. Spelling, Composition, Ele- 
mentary, Technical Grammar, Parsing and Analysis, Elocution. 

Prof. Richardson. 

Second Session Course II 

Arithmetic. — Five periods per week. Advanced work. 
Algebra. — Five periods per week. Wentworth's Algebra as far 
as Ouadratics. 


History. — Four periods per week. Colonial History and review 
of whole of Barnes' Brief History of United States. 

Geography. — Five periods per week. Maury's Physical Geog- 
raphy, completed. 

Bookkeeping. — Four periods per week. Single entry. Business. 

English. — Eight periods per week. Spelling, Composition, Let- 
ter-writing, Technical Grammar. 

Elocution. — Two periods per week. 

Prof. Richardson. 


The Military Department is a distinctive feature of the college. 
By special Acts of Congress, provision is made for the maintenance of 
a Department of Military Science in each of the land-grant colleges. 
An officer of the United States Army is detailed to act as instructor 
and as Commandant of cadets. 

The Military Department of this College is in a most flourishing 
condition. All students upon entering, unless physically incapacitated, 
are enrolled in one of the three companies of the cadet battalion. Stu- 
dents are required to wear the prescribed uniform at all times when 
on duty. The discipline in barracks is entrusted to cadet officers, un- 
der the supervision of the Commandant, and the discipline of the Col- 
lege is generally military in its nature. Promotion in this Department 
is made according to merit and record in military matters. 

The practical instruction of the cadets consists of daily infantry 
drill, outpost duty and artillery drill. The study of tactics and lec- 
tures on military science constitute the class-room work of the de- 

The Military Department is a decided factor in the moral and 
physical development of the student body. By encouraging habits of 
promptness, obedience and neatness, and by its beneficial effects upon 
the carriage and general health of the students, it adds materiallv to 
the usefulness of the College as an educational institution in the true 
sense of the word. 


Prof. Charles S. Richardson. 

The object of this department is to give a thorough training in 
public speaking. The work is begun with easy lessons in Elocution, 
and this is continued until the student has acquired a mastery of vocal 
expression, and a pleasing and forcible delivery. . The student is ther. 
required to deliver both extempore and prepared speeches, covering a 
wide range of subjects, in this w-ay not only securing practice in de- 
livery, but also developing the powder of logical thought. 

■36 ^ ' 

First and Second Sessions, Sophomore and Freshman Classes,. 
one period per week ; Preparatory Department, four periods per week. 

Prof. Charles S. Richardson. 

The physical culture of the students is provided for by a regular 
course of instruction in the gymnasium. The course is carefully 
planned, so as to develop gradually and scientifically the physical 
powers of each student. Beginning with the simplest calisthenic exer- 
cises, the instruction covers the whole field of light and heavy gym- 
nastics and field and track athletics. 

The equipment and arrangement of the gymnasium is very com- 
plete, and the interest manifested by the students is a sufficient proof 
of the success of this department. While desiring to make the work in 
the gymnasium of practical value to all the students, the required work 
only extends through the Preparatory, Freshman and Sophomore 

Three periods per week. Preparatory, Freshman and Sophomore 

One of the most valuable features of this Department is a com- 
plete anthropometry outfit, by means of which measurements and 
strength tests of students are taken at the beginning and also at the 
end of each scholastic year. 

By means of these measurements and tests the exact physical 
condition of each individual student can be ascertained, and such spe- 
cial exercises given as will produce a symmetrical develop- 
ment of the body. 

A valuable adjunct to this department has been the College Ath- 
letic Associatioin, of which mention is made under the head of "Stu- 
dent Organizations." 


The college library may properly be regarded as one of the de- 
partments of the institution, as its aid for purposes of reference and its 
influence upon the mental development of the students must always be 
felt throughout all courses. The present quarters of the library, while 
adequate for its immediate needs, will necessarily be too limited in the 
course of time. The reading room is well-arranged and lighted, and 
is in all respects comfortable and convenient. 

While the library is not large, the collection of works has been 
carefully chosen, and the shelves contain a fair supply of works of ref- 
erence, history, biographv. essays, poetry, and the standard works of 
fiction. Several hundred volumes of bound government reports form 


an important addition to the reference works of the Hbrary. ISIany of 
the leading magazines and a large number of newspapers are sub- 
scribed for. 


In order to systematize the work of the numerous departments of 
the College, and as far as possible arrange for specialization within the 
limits consistent with the normal development of individual students, 
four distinct courses of study have been prescribed, one of which the 
student is expected to choose upon entering the collegiate depart- 
ment. These courses are the Agricultural, Mechanical Engineering, 
Scientific and Classical. In three of these, the Agricultural, Mechani- 
cal Engineering and Classical, a continuous and progressive course of 
work, beginning in the Freshman year, and gradually narrowing in 
the three succeeding years until the classwork is almost wholly spe- 
cialized, has been found to be most satisfactory. A broad and liberal 
foundation is first laid in the Freshman and Sophomore years, and 
then the particular study desired — agricultural, mechanical or the 
classical branches — is emphasized more and more until the end of the 

In the Agricultural Course the main study is scientific agricul- 
ture in all its various branches. The detailed statement of the arrange- 
ment of the course is given on another page. The object of the course 
is to acquaint young men who propose to engage in farming with the 
results of recent investigation and research, in order to enable them 
to engage in practical, general farming, dairying or stock-raising, in 
accordance with the best known methods of modern times. The 
course leads to the degree of Bachelor of Science. 

The Short Winter Course in Agriculture is especially designed 
for those who have neither time nor the opportunity to take the regu- 
lar four years' course. In fact, it is really designed for those actually 
engaged in farming, and who can spare six or eight weeks during the 
winter to attend lectures, and to follow the practical work of the Col- 
lege and Station. The course embraces the following subjects : Farm 
crops, drainage, stock-breeding, stock-feeding, manures, tobacco, dairy 
husbandry and chemistry, horticulture, entomologv, farm accounts, 
farm buildings, carpentry and blacksmithing, veterinary science, the 
principles of citizenship and the elements of business law. The nomi- 
nal charge of five dollars ($5.00) is made for the course. The entire 
expense, including board, need not be over fifty dollars ($50.00). The 
course extends through the months of Januarv and February. All de- 
tails are in charge of W. T. L. Taliaferro. Professor of Agriculture, 
and H. J. Patterson. Director of Experiment Station. 

The details of the Mechanical Engineering Course will be found 
on another page. The practical work of this course is most thorough. 
The student is familiarized from the first with the use cf tools and 



implements of wood and iron work. He is given daily practice in the 
shops, and is encouraged to develop whatever inventive talent he may 
have. It is believed that students completing this course wull have no 
difficulty in securing employment after graduation in the field of me- 
chanics or mechanical engineering. The course leads to the degree of 
B. AI. E. 

The Classical Course was instituted to meet a demand on the 
part of the patrons of the College for a course of study which should 
prepare young men to enter the so-called learned professions. The 
course emphasizes the modern languages, Latin, mythology, English, 
civics and psychology, with a moderate amount of mathematics 
and the natural and physical sciences. The degree of Bachelor of 
Arts is conferred upon its graduates. 

The Scientific Course is designed for those who desire to secure 
the advantages of a general liberal education, with the opportunity of 
specializing in some line of modern science — chemistry, biology, pa- 
thology, entomology, veterinary science, physics, civil engineering or 
political science. The basis of the course is a thorough training in 
mathematics, English, and the principles of citizenship and government. 
Owing to the number of departments represented in this course, it is 
found necessary to begin differentiation with a view to specialization 
in the Junior year. In the Senior year, as will be seen in the detailed 
outline of the course on another page, the work is arranged in a ser- 
ies of groups of studies, each group containing one major study and 
several minors. This is the plan adopted by most of the prominent 
and successful colleges of the present day, and presents the twofold ad- 
vantage of concentration of the student's labor and opportunitv for 
ample laboratory work. The degree conferred for all branches of this 
course is Bachelor of Science. 



The work for the Senior year in Agriculture and General Science 
shall consist of a major subject, and two or more minor subjects. This 
work will be elective upon consultation with the Professor in charge 
of the major subject. 

The student will be required tO' elect an amount of w^ork, the mini- 
mum of which shall be an equivalent of twenty (20) hours' recitative 
work, at least ten (to) hours of which shall be devoted to the major 
subject, and ten (to) to the minor subject. 

Practical work is denoted by figures in parenthesis. 


Two hours of practical work is regarded as equivalent to one of 
recitative work. 

First Term, 

Business Law 

Integral Calculus ; 4 




















French or German i 3 

Graphic Statics j 3 

Latin ! 

Machine Design 2 (2) 

Machine Work (8) 


i 3 

Second Term. 





Constitutional Law 

Economics 3 



French or German 3 

Latin I 

Machine Design ' 2 (4) 

Machine Work (10) 


Strength of Materials. . . 3 
Testing (4) 








First Term. 

Analytical Geometry 



Chemistry and Mineralogy. 


Drawing , 


German . 

Invert. Zoology 


Physics , 

Surveying , 

Machine Work t.. 


Veterinary Science 

Second Term. 



Chemistry and Mineralogy. 


Descriptive Geometry 

Dif. Calculus 




Oen. Zoology 




Machine Work 



Theory of Steam Engine. ■ . 


























Gen'l Science. 












































*Note.— Students in Physical Course may elect Chemistry 4 (4) throughout the year, 
•or Drawing (4) and Surveying 2 (3) throughout the year. Students in Agriculture may 
elect Chemistry 4 (4) in lieu of Botany throughout the year, upon consultation with the 
Heads of the Departments concerned. 


First Term. 






Elementary Biology. . . 






Public Speaking 


Theoretical Mechanics . 

Second Term. 




Comp. Anatomy and Physiology. 


Geometry and Trigonometry 





Moulding and Casting 

Public Speaking 





















































































First Term. 



Agriculture I 3 (4) 

Algebra j 5 

Drawing (4) 

English I 5 

Geology | 3 

History r 


Physical Culture (8) 

Public Speaking 1 

Technical Instruction 

Wood Work , I (4) 

Second Term. 





Geology 3 

Geometry ! 5 

History • 

Horticulture j 8 (6) 

Latin i 

Physical Culture | (3) 

Public Speaking 1 1 

Technical Instruction i 

Wood Work I 

























5 (1) 





Note.— students pursuing General Science course may elect Latin in place of Agri- 
culture and Horticulture. 


For aclmis.sion to the College Department — Freshman class — an 
entrance examination is required. This examination will be held at 
the College on September 20th, 2ist, 22nd, 1901. The applicant will 
be expected to pass a satisfactory examination in the following sub- 
jects : English grammar, composition and analysis, United States 
history, arithmetic (complete), algebra (as far as quadratics), political 
and physical geography. A mark of seventy per cent, is necessary to 
pass. For entrance to the Preparatory Department the requirements 
are : English grammar, arithmetic (as far as percentage), United 
States history and political geography. 

Every applicant for admission to the College must bring satisfac- 


tory testimonials as to character and previous scholarship, from one 
or more persons qualified so to speak — his former teacher, pastor or 
neighbor, acquainted with his general reputation. Tlii-s icill he abso- 
lutely in.sisted upon. No student need apply for entranee who ean- 
not furnish such credentials. 

Applicants having comi^leted the eight grades of the grammar 
school course, upon presentation of a certified copy of tlie final report 
showing record of work completed and certificate of satisfactory de- 
portment from the teacher in charge, may be admitted to Freshman 
Class without further examination. 

Graduates of standard high schools under similar conditions may 
be admitted to the Sophomore Class. It must be understood that all 
such assignments are made conditioned upon the applicant's demon- 
strating his fitness to bear the responsibilities assumed. Promotions 
and reductions will be made in six weeks after the resumption of the 
regular exercises, as the individual cases may require. 

Applicants for admission to higher classes than the Freshman 
must be prepared to take an examination equivalent to that given at 
the college for promotion to such classes, or must present certificates 
from county or city schools covering the w^ork of the lower college 
classes as hereinbefore stated. 


In order to pass from one class to the next higher class a student 
is required to pass the yearly examination by a mark of at least sixty 
per cent, in each study, and to have a combined mark in each branch 
(daily and examination) of at least seventy per cent. A failure in not 
more than one branch will enable a student tO' pass to the next class 
with condition in that study in which he has failed ; but in every case 
the student is required to make good such failure during the next 

It has been found necessary to make some regulations to provide 
for cases of using unfair means in examinations. The faculty, there- 
fore, has agreed upon the following rule, which will be rigidly ad- 
hered to : "Any student detected in so doing will be required to sur- 
render his papers, and will not under anv circvmistances be given an- 
other examination in that particular study." 


The College offers a number of scholarships — three for P»altimore 
Citv, and one for each countv of the State. These scholarships are 
awarded to the successful candidate in competitive examinations, con- 
ducted bv the Superintendent of Public Instruction of P)altimore City, 
and in the counties, by the Countv Examiner. All scholarship stu- 
dents must be prepared for entrance to the Freshman class, and are 

required to take the regular entrance examination. Each scholarship 
is good for four years, or for such part thereof as the holder remains 
at the College. It is then again open for competition. The cost per 
year for scholarship students will be found under the head of student 
expenses. The following is an extract from the requirements of the 
Board of Trustees, relating to scholarships : 

"Persons holding certificates of scholarship must present them- 
"selves at the college, or other designated place, at the date which 
"may be named, in the September or January next following the 
"award, and be examined by College authorities for entrance to the 
"Freshman class. Alternates are to be thus examined, as well as prin- 
"cipals, and in case of a failure of the principal to secure or hold the 
"scholarship, the alternate will have the first right to the place, if 
"within a year from date of the certificate of award. 

"Persons holding certificates of scholarship, must, in order to se- 
''cure the same, pass the entrance examination of the College, and (if 
"entering in January) such other examination as may be required to 
"join fhc Frtshnimi r7r/.«?,s-. Every one must declare his intention of 
"completing the prescribed course of study of the College, in either 
"Agriculture or Mechanical Engineering, provided he retains his 
"Scholarship , and must make an advance payment of $15 on the year's 
"account. And to hold a scholarship, the student must make the sub- 
"sequent payments and meet such requirements of the College as to 

"scholarship and deportment, as may be prescribed by the President 
"and faculty. By passing special examinations, candidates for scholar- 
"ships may be permitted to enter the Sophomore class." 


1. The discipline of the College, as has been stated, is generally 
military in its character. Students are under the control of cadet oflfi- 
cers, subject to the direction of the officer in charge, who makes a 
dally report to the Commandant of cadets. The final authority, how- 
ever, in all cases, is the President of the College. 

2. All students are expected to conduct themselves as young 
gentlemen worthy of respect and confidence, and to be truthful under 
all circumstances. Upon entrance, each one is required to give his 
word that he will comply with all the rules and regulations of the in- 
stitution. A copy of these rules is then given him, and he is held re- 
sponsible for all acts in disregard thereof. (Utdei nffieers in recciriwj 
the honors irhich promotion implies, accept irith them ohUpations 
and duties irhich they are homid to ref/ard. This is the Txcy-note of 
student (forernmeiit. Failure in duty means, necessarily, forfeiture 
€f confidence and trust. 


3- Punishment for trivial breaches of regulations consists of de- 
privation of privileges, confinement to grounds or rooms, or special 
military duties; for aggravated oflfences the punishment may be sus- 
pension or expulsion, at the discretion of the Faculty and the President. 

4. A special pledge to refrain from what is popularly known as 
"Hazing" is required of every applicant for entrance, before he will 
be allowed to matriculate. Parents should impress upon their sons 
that a failure to live up to this pledge is a dishonor which unfits them 
to be longer inmates of the College. "Ilazmff is invariahh/ punished 
hy instant dismissal. 

5. Frequent absences from the college are invariahly of great 
disadvantage to the student, in breaking in upon the continuity of 
his tvork, and in distracting his mind from the main purpose of his 
attendance at the institution. Parents are therefore earnestly asked 
to refrain from granting frequent requests to leave the College. 

6. Three reports are sent to each parent during the year, show- 
ing the student's progress in class work, and his general standing, as 
to conduct, etc. At the end of the year a detailed report of the year's 
work is made. 


First Call for Reveille 6.30 A. M. 

Reveille 6.35 A. M. 

Assemblv, Roll Call 6.40 A. M. 

Breakfast 6.55 A. M. 

Assembly, Roll Call 7.00 A. M. 

Chapel 725 A. M. 

Sick Call 740 A. M. 

Recitation 7-55 A. M. 

Drill 1 1. 10 A. M. 

Assemblv, Roll Call t 1.15 A. M. 

Recall 1 1 .45 A. M. 

Guard Mounting i T.50 A. M. 

Assemblv. Roll Call it-55 A- M. 

Adjutant's Call 12.00 M. 

Dinner ^2.15 P. M. 

Assemblv, Roll Call 12.20 P. M. 

Recitations ^2.55 P. M. 

Supper .=^-55 ?• M. 

Assembly, Roll Call 6.00 P. M. 

Retreat 7-20 P. M. 

Assemblv, Roll Call 7-30 P- M. 

Tattoo .' ■ Tooo P- ^^• 

Tapps Lights Out ii.oo P. M. 

46 -^ 


The expenses of the college year for the several classes of stu- 
dents are as follows. No reductions are made for regular vacations. 


Board, heat, light, room and books $150.00 

Laboratory fee, each laboratory used 6.00 

Physician's fee 4.00 

Breakage fee 5.00 

Total cost $165.00 


Board, heat, light, room and books $ 70.00 

Laboratory fee, each laboratory used 6.00 

Physician's fee 4.00 

Breakage fee 5.00 

Total cost $ 85.00 


Room, heat and books $ 24.00 

Laboratory fee, each laboratory used 6.00 

Breakage fee 5-^^ 

Total cost $ 35.00 


For Regular Students: — 

$40.00 (and the fees) on entrance; $40.00 on November 15th; 
$40.00 on February ist; $30.00 on April ist. 

For Scholarship Students: — 

$35.00 (and the fees) on entrance; $35.00 on February ist. 
For Day Students : — 

$12.00 (and the fees) on entrance, and $12.00 on February ist. 

Promptnrsft in Paymnit is Insisted Upon. ; 



The laboratory fee is intended to cover the cost of the materials 
and apparatus consumed by the student in practical laboratory work. 

The physician's fee is to provide for the attendance of the regular 
College physician in all ordinary cases of sickness. 

The breakage fee is to cover all losses to the College caused by 
careless breakage or other damage to property by the students. Each 
loss is divided proportionately among the students, and the unused 
balance of each fee refunded at the close of the year. In case the loss 
is knowrn to be caused by any particular student, the whole amount is 
charged to his account. 

Except in cases of extended illness, no money will be refunded 
for long-continued absence or withdrawal from the College. 

Students entering late in the session will be charged according to 
the date of entrance. No allowance will be made for less than one 


All students are required to provide themselves with the follow- 
ing articles, to be brought from home or purchased from the College 
Park store on arrival: 

I dozen white collars, uniform. 

6 pair white gloves, uniform. 

6 pair white cuflfs, uniform. 

1 pair blankets (for single bed). 

3 pairs sheets (for single bed). 

4 pillow cases. 

2 blue bed-spreads, uniform. 
6 towels. 

I chair, uniform. ' 

I pillow. 

I mattress (shuck) cotton top. 

The room-mates together purchase the following articles : — 

I set of lamp fixtures, uniform. 

1 pitcher and basin, uniform. 

2 table-cloths, uniform. 
I broom. 

I looking-glass. 

I slop-jar (porcelain). 

All the articles marked uniform in the foregoing list can best be 
purchased after the student arrives at the College. The cost of the en- 
tire list should not be more than $[5.00 for the year. This should be 

48 ''-::'-■: ^-,_^. 

paid to the Treasurer on entrance, as the College has no fund from 
which it can make advances. Any excess will be returned promptly. 


The cadet uniform, of substantial grey cloth, which is required to 
be worn by students at all times, is made by contract with the tailors at 
a much lower price than it could be furnished to individuals. The 
student's measure is taken after he arrives at the College, and the fit is 
guaranteed. The cost of the entire outfit — coat, trousers and cap, is 
$16.00. Parties coming through Baltimore can leave measures and 
orders with the New York Clothing House, 102-104 E. Baltimore St. 
Puifincht must he made for this at time of entrance. This is im- 
perative. The firm requires it- ., ' 

ING JANUARY 6th, 1902. 

A ten weeks' course designed for those who are unable tO' take 
one of the longer courses, and including the largest amount of purely 
practical information about farming in all its phases. This course is 
invaluable to the young man desiring that information on Agricultural 
topics so necessary to meet the sharp competition of the present day. 
The College authorities have removed the nominal charge of $5.00. 
We are anxious to have the young men of Maryland, who int.e'nd ta 
remain on the farm, embrace this opportunity. Many cannot afford a 
four years' course; this solves the problem for them. 


rami Crops and Cultivation of the Soil, eight lectures ; Drainage, 
five lectures ; Breeds of Stock and Principles of Breeding, ten lectures ; 
Stock Feeding, eight lectures ; Manures, five lectures ; Tobacco, six 
lectures , Dairy Husbandry and Dairy Chemistry, ten lectures ; Horti- 
culture, fifteen lectures ; Agricultural Chemistry, five lectures ; Plant 
Physiology, five lectures ; Sanitary Science, five lectures ; Economic 
Entomology, five lectures ; Farm Accounts, six lectures ; Farm Build- 
ings and Bridge Construction, eight lectures ; Carpentry and Black-r 
smithing, ten exercises; Veterinary Science, fifteen lectures; Citizen- 
ship, ten lectures. 



Good board at moderate rates can be secured in the neighboring 
villages of Berwyn, Lakeland, Riverdale and Hyattsville — all within 

short distance of College and Experiment Station. A limited number 
can be accommodated at College for $4.00 per week. Electric cars 
make frequent connections. 


The Agricultural Experiment Station, instead of having all the 
work in the dairy and horticultural divisions performed by regularly 
paid laborers, has some performed by apprentices. The apprentice- 
ships in these divisions have been established with five objects in view, 
viz. : 1st. In order to offer to young men who have a good common 
school education, and who have not the means for taking either a regu- 
lar college coiu'se. or even a short course, an opportunity to become 
trained and skilled laborers in the dairy or some class of horticultural 
work. 2nd. In order to enable young farmers to take up and engage 
in some of the specialties in farming on their own farms in an intel- 
ligent manner. 3rd. In order to supply some of the numerous appli- 
cations that come to the College and Station for skilled help of the 
character indicated. 4th. In order to give the College and Station a 
nucleus for the extension of their work and a more appreciative con- 
stituency. 5th. In order to have some of our labor performed by 
persons who have more interest in what they are doing than the money 
they are to receive. 

These apprenticeships are open to farmers' sons on the following 
terms : The Station will board and room the apprentice or pay the 
equivalent in money as preferred. The Station will furnish the in- 
struction and facilities for instruction given in the several branches 
pertaining to the specialty taken up. 

Those serving a dairy apprenticeship will be expected to devote 
from three to five hours of each day in receiving class-room instruc- 
tion, and in study, besides the time devoted to practice in the skilled 
operations. It is expected that apprentices shall become thoroughly 
familiar with the scientific feeding of dairy stock, and with all the 
modern practices pertaining to dairy and creamery management. The 
plan pursued is to divide the work which would ordinarily be per- 
formed by one laborer among three apprentices. 

A dairy apprentice is expected to stay at the Station for six 
months. The horticultural apprentice is to^ serve for one year on the 
same terms as the dairy apprentice. The instruction taken in this di- 
vision will be given at the same time, and with short course students 
of the College. The horticultural apprentice will be expected to take 
part in all classes of the work of this division, but he may specialize, 
so as to become specially skilled in either large fruits, small fruits, 
truck crops, floriculture, nursery management, green-house manage- 
ment or spraying. The apprentices shall have access to the libraries 
and reading-rooms of the Station at all hours. 

The Station can accommodate but a limited number of appren- 
tices, and vacancies will be filled in the order in which applications for 
'the same are received. 

After an apprentice has served his time, should a position be de- 
rsired by him, we will take pleasure in recommending him to a place 
vvhenever we have a request for skilled help in that particular line, pro- 
A'ided that such apprentice has proven himself worthy. So far we have 
had more applications for skilled help on farms and in creameries than 
"%ve have been able to supply. 

Make applications and requests for further information to 

Director of the Maryland Agricultural Experiment Station, 

College Park, Md. 


The Summer School, organized during the summer of 1901. by 
this College, supplies a long-felt want to the teachers of the State, 
Heretofore it has been necessary for teachers desiring a special course 
during the summer vacation, to go to Cornell or Chatauqua Lake, or 
some other place equally remote. The revival in matters of public 
education throughout the State has created a demand for a school 
Avhere teachers may spend a month in the summer, and, at a small ex- 
pense, pursue such branches as Nature Studies, Drawing and Physical 
Culture, thus equipping themselves more thoroughly for the duties of, 
their profession, and at the same time getting the benefit to be de-^ 
rived from the recreation and social intercourse of a month's sojourn 
in the country. 

The Agricultural College is in every respect suitable for a Sinn- 
mer School. It is situated upon an eminence overlooking a wide ex- 
tent of country, and is surrounded by magnificent shade trees and a 
profusion of plants and flowers. The botanical, entomological, horti- 
cultural, chemical and physical culture departments are thoroughly 
equipped, and the State Experiment Station offers a magnificent fiekJ 
to those interested in nature studies. 

The College is situated about thirty-two miles from Baltimore, 
and eight miles from Washington, on the R. & O. R. R.. and electric 
cars are running to and fro between the College and Washington at 
frequent intervals. The Art Galleries, Museums, Libraries and Na- 
tional buildings of Washington City are in themselves of incalculable 
benefit to the student. The tennis courts and other play grounds give 
ample opportunity for physical recreation. 

The regular instructors are the members of the faculty of the 
]\Iarvland Agricultural College. Prominent lecturers will be secured 


from Washington, Jolins Hopkins University and other sources, as 
the occasion demands. The session just closed had seventeen attend- 
ants, and was a gratifying success. 

While primarily designed for teachers, the School is open to any 
one who may desire a course in Botany, Entomology, Horticulture, 
Agriculture, Anatomy, Chemistry, Drawing, Physical Culture and 
the common English branches. 

The fact that the College Trustees have allowed the use of the 
tuildings and equipments free of charge has made it possible to place 
the cost of board and tuition at such a low figure as brings the Sum- 
mer School within the reach of all. Indeed, the conditions are such 
that a teacher may take a month's course at the Maryland Summer 
School at no greater expense than would be required for board alone 
at any summer resort. 

For particulars regarding any matter hereinbefore set forth, 


Maryland Agricultural College, 

College Park, Md. 
Express Ollfice, College Station, B. & O. R. R. 
Telegraph and Telephone Stations, Hyattsville, Md. 
Postofifice, College Park, Md. 


The growth of the Alumni Association during the past year, is a 
source of great satisfaction to the officers of the College and of the 
Association. Through the efiforts of its officers a banquet was held at 
the College in April this year. Renewed interest was shown by the 
existing members of the Association, and the occasion was marked bv 
a large increase in the membership, recruited largely from the older 
graduates of the College. 

All indications point to a great advance in the growth of the or- 
ganization, and now it is felt that the Association may begin to exer- 
cise its influence along the lines of its avowed purpose and object. At 
its regular annual meeting in June, it was decided that the Association 
Avould continue its ofifer of medals for proficiency in three of the de- 
partments of College work. By restricting the competition for the 
medal to be awarded for the best paper on "Agricultural Science" to 
those students pursuing original research, it is intended and hoped, by 
the Association, to stimulate scientific investigation bv the students in 
the various scientific departments of the College. With the improved 
and more adequate facilities which have been provided, it is thought 
that the College is well able to promote this class of work to a greater 

extent than has been possible in the past ; and the competition hereby 
instituted should tend to elevate the standard of scholarship in the 

It will be a source of gratification to the members of the Associa- 
tion to note the action of the Board of Trustees of the College with 
reference to the holding of scholarships in the College. One year ago^ 
the Association passed a resolution looking to the restriction of the 
holders of the State Scholarships to the Agricultural and Mechanical 
courses in the College. This was with the idea of carrying out^more 
completely the ideas of the founders of the College, in establishing a 
school for instruction in Agriculture and the Mechanic Arts. At the 
last meeting of the Board of Trustees an order was passed putting the 
restriction in full operation. It is along this and similar lines that the 
Association has a broad field provided in which to exert its efforts * 
and as it increases in strength, it may be expected to make its influence 
felt for the advancement of the interest and welfare of the College. 

The officers of the Association for the ensuing year are : Presi- 
dent, F. B. Bomberger, '94 ; Vice-President, J. Enos Ray, 'q2 ; Secre- 
tary-Treasurer, J. R. Laughlin, '96 ; members-at-large of the Executive 
Committee, F. P. Veitch, '92, and T. M. Price, '99. 

Graduates and members of the Association are requested to keep 
the Secretary-Treasurer informed of any changes in their addresses. 
Any information concerning the older graduates, which will enab'e 
the officers to locate and communicate with them, will facilitate their 
efforts, and wull tend to further the success of the Association. 

Address of the Secretary-Treasurer: — ^J. R. Laughlin, 

College Park, Md. 


The following letter and circular will be of interest to young men 
entering this institution. It gives an excellent opportunity for them to 
advance themselves in the line of their special work, at the same time 
receiving a compensation which will enable them to pay all expenses. 
This oflfer, on the part of the Department of Agriculture, is greatly 
appreciated, and will, no doubt, be availed of by many attending the 
Land-Grant Colleges — the best instructors and the most complete fa- 
cilities are the advantages attending the opportunity: 

"Department of Agriculture, Washington, D. C, 

"June 27th, 1899. 

"Dear Sir: — In my annual report to the President for 1898, 1 an- 
nounced my intention of affording opportunities for graduates of agri- 

cultural colleges to pursue post-graduate studies in connection witii 
work in the scientific division of this department, as far as practicable. 
In pursuance of this policy, I have made an arrangement with the 
Civil Service Commission for the registration of the graduates of col- 
leges receiving the benefits of grants of land or money from the United 
States, who may desire to enter the service of the Department as "Sci- 
entific Aids" on the terms stated in the notice of the Commission here- 
with enclosed. 

"It seems to be entirely appropriate that the National Govern- 
ment should aid the institutions to which it has already so largely 
given financial support, in the preparation of their graduates for posts 
of usefulness in this department, or in the States from which they 
come, especially as investigators and teachers along scientific lines. I 
hope, therefore, that the effort which I am now making in this direc- 
tion will be but a beginning of the opening up of opportunities (or 
graduate study at the National Capital to those of your graduates who 
are especially fitted to do high-grade scientific work. It will, of course, 
he understood that under present conditions the Department can only 
admit a very limited number of scientific aids. Our purpose is to 
choose from the eligible register those persons Avho furnish the best 
evidence of having peculiarly good qualifications for aiding in the 
work of the department now in progress. 

In extending this notice will you kindly explain to your gradu- 
ates the necessity of making a clear and full statement of their attain- 
ments and qualifications in special lines of science? Correspondence 
regarding application blanks and other matters connected with regis- 
tration should be had promptly with the Civil Service Commission. 

"A'^ery respectfully, 


"Secretary Agriculture." 

To R. W. Silvester, President, College Park, Md. 


August ist, 1899. 

The United States Civil Service Commission announces that it 
■desires to establish an eligible register for the position of Scientific 
Aid, Department of Agriculture. 

The examination will consist of the subjects mentioned below, 
which will be weighted as follows: — 

Subjects. Weights. 

1. College Course with Bachelor's Degree 50 

2. Post-graduate course and special qualifications 25 

3. Thesis or other literature 25 

Total 100 

It will be noted that applicants will not be required to appear at 
any place for examination, but will be required to file with the Com- 
mission prior to the hour of closing business, on August ist, 1900 
their statements and other material which will be required as specified 
in" a special form which will be furnished them by the Commission, 
together with application blank (Form 304) in order to have their 
names entered upon the register which will be made immediately after 
the date mentioned. Persons who are unable to file their applications 
prior to August ist, 1900, may file them at any subsequent time, when 
they will be rated and the names of those attaining eligible averages 
will be entered upon the register. 

For the information of applicants, the following statement is 
made, as received from the Secretary of Agriculture. 

1. An application will be limited to graduates of colleges receiv- 
ing the benefits of grants of land or money from the United States. 

2. Each applicant must file with the United States Civil Service 
Commission. Washington, D. C, a properly certified statement as to 
the length of time spent in College, the studies pursued, the standing 
in these studies, the special work it is desired to take up and the special 
qualifications for such work, and finally, a thesis upon such scientific 
subjects as the applicant may select, or in lieu of this, any literature on 
scientific subjects over his own signature. 

3. The length of time any scientific aid may serve in the Depart- 
ment is limited to two (2) years. 

4. The salary shall not exceed forty dollars ($40.00) per month. 
The minimum age limitation for entrance to this examination is 

twentv (20) years ; there is no maximum age limitation. 

This examination is open to all citizens of the United States who 
comply with the requirements. All such citizens are invited to apply. 
They will be examined, graded and certified, without regard to any 
consideration, save their abilitv as shown by them in the examination. 
Persons desiring to compete should at once apply to the United States 
Civil Service Commission, Washington, D. C, for application blanks 
(Form 304) and special forms. 


Grateful acknowledgment is made to the following for valuable 
additions to the College J^ibrary : Johns Hopkins University — Reports 
of Geological Survey; Weather Service and Highway Commission,. 
Department of x\griculture, Washington, D. C. ; County Press — Valu- 
able addition of their publicaticns. 


Student Clubs for religious, social, literary and athletic purposes 
are encouraged as a means of creating class and College pride and de- 
veloping an esprit de corps among the students. 

Each class has its own organization, in which matters relating to 
class work are discussed and directed. Officers are elected and the 
unity of the class preserved. This has been found to be a decided aid 
to discipline and tends to raise the standard of student honor. 


C. N. Bouic, President. L. E. Mackall, \'ice President. 

P. L. Peach, Secretary. T. B. Symons, Treasurer. 

Prof. C. S. Richardson, Advisory Officer. 
Most encouraging work has been done by this organization dur- 
ing the past year, and much interest has been shown in both the pri- 
vate and public meetings. 


W. W\ Cobey, President. H. C. Whiteford. \'ice President 

F. H. Peters, Secretary. J. T. Hardisty, Treasurer. 

In this organization an excellent record was made in Fo t Ball 
and Base Ball, and in track and field events. 


Officers of the -'NEW IVIERCER" Literary Society. 
J. T. Hardisty, President. L. E. Mackall. \'ice President 

R. L. Mitchell, Secretary-Treasurer. P. L. Peach. Editor. 

J. M. Alatthews, Sergeant-at-Arms. ' . 

Officers of the "MORRILL" Literarv Societv. 

W. W. Cobey, President. H. C. Whiteford, Vice President. 

S. P. Darby, Secretarv-Treasurer. T. I. Wisner. Editor. 
H. N. Lansdale, Sergeant-at-Arms. 


These societies are invaluable adjuncts to College work. Through 
them a good knowledge of parliamentary law is gained as well as a 
readiness of expression and activity in thought, — qualities particularly 
valuable to the American citizen, 


J. T. Hardisty, President. W. W. Cobey, Vice President. 

H. C. Whiteford, Secretary-Treasurer. 
The social man is a necessity, — hence this organization is en- 
couraged and supported by the President and Faculty. The enter- 
tainments of the same have been marked by an esprit which empha- 
sizes the wisdom of its continuance and encouragement. 


A limited amount of money can be earned by students by taking 
advantage of the opportunities arising from time to time to do clerical 
work, tutoring, and such other labor as may not interfere with regular 
scholastic duties. Those in need of help to continue their work, and 
whose course is marked by an earnest desire to succeed are always 
given the preference. The compensation in all cases is fixed at lo 
cents per hour. 



Senior Class, President's Medal W. W. Cobey. 

Gold Medal, for Highest Standing for Entire Year. 

Junior Class, President's Medal A. R. Hirst. 

Gold Medal, for Highest Standing in Junior Year. 

Alumni Medal F. V. McDonnell. 

Gold Medal, for Best Debater in Competitive Debate. 

Trustees' Medal W. W. Cobey. 

Gold Medal, for Best Essay on "American Citizenship." 

Commandant's Prize W. W. Cobey. 

Gold Watch, for Highest Standing in Military Department. 

Commandant's Prize Joseph Coudon. 

Gold Scarf Pin, for Neatest Set of Equipments. 

::;; ' ■ athletic medals. 

100 Yard Dash J. M. jMatthews 

220 Yard Dash E. D. Dickey. 

440 Yard Run '. H. K. Bradford, 

120 Yard Hurdle H. K. Bradford. 

880 Yard Run E. D. Dickey. 

Broad Jump J. M. Matthews. 

Tennis Tournament J. D. Bowman. 



William Wilfred Cobey Crayton, Charles Co., Md 

"The Tobacco Industry of Maryland." 

John Thomas Hardisty Collington, Prince George's Co., Md 

'The Industrial Development of the United States." 


Fredus Vance McDonnell Florence, Pa. 

"The Blacksmith Automatic-Feed Drill Press." 

Henry Campbell Whiteford Whiteford's, Harford Co., Md. 

The Life Historv of the Dodder." 



M. T. Sudler, M. S Baltimore, Md. 

Sothoron Key, M. S Washington, D. C. 

F. B. Bomberger, A. B Hagerstown, Md. 

H. J. Kefauver, A. B Frederick, Md. 

^^ ,^- ■'■' 

I ■ 58 ■ /; ^ ■ . 


Commandant, Major J. C. Scantling. 

U. S. A. Retired. \ 



T. B. Symons Cadet Major, 

J. Condon First Lieutenant and Adjutant. 

L. E. Alackall First Lieutenant and Quartermaster. 

L. M. Ewell Sergeant Major. 

G. W. Cairnes Principal Musician. 

W. S. Hull Chief Trumpeter. 


Company "A." Company "B." Company "C."*^ 

S. P. Darby. J. D. Bowman. ~ E. L. Mitchell. 


F. H. Peters. J. I. Wisner. - H. N. Lansdale. 


A. E. Hirst. W. S. Fendall. E. C. Palmer. 

%. Hamblin. E. P. AValls. P. L. Peach. 


Cadet It. B. Mayo. Corp. S. B. Nichols. Corp. II. D. Watts. 

Corp. J. C. Cockey. Cadet C. P. Page. Cadet J. M. Warfield. 

Corp. W. C. Ort. Cadet C. X. Boiiic. _ Corp. E. E. Ewell. 

CORPORALS. - ' ^ ' 

Coi-p- -T. ^1. Matthews Cadet W. Mitchell. Cadet E. Garner. 

Cadet J. M. Tnrner. Cadet A. P. Deaner. C'd't C. W. Thornton 

Cadet C. L. Sincell. Cadet E. P. Choate. Cadet D. E. Brown. 


"VV. W. Fenby. L. W. Crnikshank. H. A. Weiller. 

J. C. Eiitledge. E. Collins. 



SESSION 190x5-1901. 


Cobey, W. W Grayton, .Aid. 

Hardisty, J. T Collington, Md. 

McDonnell, F. \' Florence, Pa. 

Whiteford, H. C Whitefords, Md. 

Total 4. 


Bowman, J. D Hyattsto'.vn, Md 

Bradford, H. K. . \Vashingi;-.>n, D. C. 

Coudon, J Perryville, Md. 

Darby, S. Porter Sellman, ]\Id. 

Fendall, W. S Towson, Md. 

Hirst, A. R. Cambridge, Md. 

Lansdale, H. N .- Damascus, Md. 

Mackall, L. E Mackalls, Md. 

Mitchell, R. L La Plata, Md. 

Palmer, E. C Washington, D. C. 

Peters, F. H Wesley, Md. 

Symons, T. B Easton, Md. 

Wisner, J. I Baltimore, Md. : 

Total 13. 


Anderson, J. A Deal's Island, Md. 

Bouic, A. M Rockville, Md. 

Bouic, C. N Rockville, Aid. 

Bradley, T. C Washington, D. C. 

Cairnes, G. W Jarrettsville, Aid. 

Collier, J. P < Ellicott Citv. Aid. 

Dickey, E. DuV Washington, D. C. 

Dunbar, El B Springville, N. Y. 

Ensor, J. G Bellfast, Aid. 

Ewell, L. M Baltimore, Aid. 

Fitzhugh, A. C Baltimore. Aid. 

Garner, E Rosarvville. Aid. . 

Gatch, E. W Gardenville. Aid. 

Hamblin, R W^ane-o, Md. 

Hinmann, W. C Lower Alarlboro, Aid. 

Hopkins, I. C Halls. Aid. 


Loker, H Leonardtown, Md. 

Matthews. J. M i:)ulanev's Vallev, Md. 

Mavo, R. W. B Hyattsville, Md.' . - 

^ McComas, G. W Singer, Md. 

^Merritt, J. B Easton, Md. 

Ort, W. C Midland, Md. 

^Pag€. C. P Frederick, Md. 

Peach, P. L Mitchellsville, Md. 

Smith, E. H : Govanstown, Md. 

^Stone, R. D Washington, D. C. 

V Walker, F. B Easton, Md. 

Walls. E. P T>aj.clay, Md. , 

Young, F. J Bristol, Tenn. ," 

Total 29. 


Broch, Leon Havana, Cuba. 

Brown, D. E College Park, Md. 

Brown, J Branchville, Md. 

Bryan, T. E. Centreville, Md. 

Burnside, H. W Hyattsville, Md. 

Calderon, G. A Lima, Peru. . 

Calderon, M. A Lima, Peru. 

Candamo, Y. V Lima, Peru. 

Carr, M Hyattsville, Md. 

Cartwright, T. J College Park, Md. 

Choate, R. P Randallstown, Md. 

Cockey, J. C Gwynnbrook, Md. 

Cruikshank, L. W Cecilton, Md. 

Cruikshank, T. C Cecilton, Md. 

Darby, I Gaithersburg, Md. 

Deaner. T. A. P Boonsboro. Md. 

Dent, W. G Oaklev, Md. 

Elgin, B. K Rrunswick, Md. 

Elgin, J. H P>runswick, Md. 

Ewell, E. R Baltimore, Md. 

Gassoway, J. H Germantown, Md. 

Gourlev, T. A Birch, Md. 

Gray, J. P. Glyndon, Md. 

Hall. A. L Allegheny, Pa. 

Hopkins. J. S .New Market, Md. 

Jones, F. A Comus, Md. 

Kehoe, J. G. C Washington, D. C. 

Lewis, J. R Lewisville, Md. 

; 6i 

FRESHMAN CLASS (Continued). 

Mayo, E. C Hyattsville. Md. 

Meikle, R. J Baltimore, Md. 

McCubbin, L. C Chew Chase, Md. 

Mitchell, W La Plata, Md. 

Mullendore, T. B Trego, Md. 

Nichols, S. B Germantown, Md. 

Price, L Hyattstown, Md. 

Rolph, W. C Beltsvilk, Md. 

Sasscer, E. R La Plata, Md. 

Sincell, G. L Oakland, Md. 

Streett, J. McL The Rocks, Md. 

Thornton, C. W Taylor, Md. 

Turner, J. McL Taylor, Md. 

Underwood, E. J Accokeek, Md. 

Warfield, J. N Florence, Md, 

Watts, H. D Bel Air, Md. 

Watts, H. F Bel Air, Md. 

Webster, F. O Baltimore, Md. 

Wentworth, G. L Washington, D. C. 

Williams, J. H Easton, Md. 

Total 48. 


Bay, J. H Tarrettsville. Md. 

Beall, H. R Frostburg, Md. 

Byron, W. H Williamsport, Md. 

Cockey, A. D Gwynnbrook, Md. 

Collins, R Washington, D. C. 

Crone, W. M St. Michaels, Md. 

Daniels, J College Park. Md. 

Dorsey, B. S Mt. Airy. Md. 

Downey, C. A. L New Market, Md. 

Duker, H. S Baltimore. Md. 

Emory, F. A Centreville, Md. 

Evans, H. H Rolph's. Md. 

Farrall, F. C La Plata. Md. 

Fenby, W. W Avondale, Md. 

Gathmann, O Washington, D. C. 

Gathmann, P * Washington, D. C. 

Gill, H. K Butler, \ld. 

Green, E. F Wve Mills, Md. 

Hull, W. S Baltimore. Md. 

Kehoe, C. A. W Washington. D. C. 

Lee, J. B Hvattsville, :Md. 

• ,--"- '^ -/ -. ■ 


Masvidal, R Havana, Cuba. 

Naylor, R. E Washington, D. C. 

Orme, H Washirigton, D. C. 

O'Farrill, L. B Havana, Cuba. 

Payne, T Frostburg, Md. 

Phillips, F. F Centreville, Md. 

Power, E Derwood, Md. 

Richards, J. R Baltimore, Md. 

Riggs, D Laytonsville, Md. 

Rossi, Lusto Puerto Principe, Cuba. 

Rutledge, J. C Taylor, Md. 

Shepherd, E. L Bristol, Md. 

Weiller, H. A Catonsville, Md. 

Williar, H. D Baltimore, Md. 

Purnell, L. W Snow Hill, Md. 

Total 36. 


Calderon. A. A Lima. Peru. 

Darby, S. P Sellman. Md. 

Gibson, A. E Springfield, Mass. 

Hemler, P. L Taneytown, Md. 

Loar, C. W Vale Summit, Md. 

Miller, O. S Crortner, Md. 

Murray, J. D Elkridge, Md. 

Nichols, S. B Germantown, Md. 

Warfield, J. N Florence, Md. 

Williams, J. H Easton, Md. 

Worthen, G. C East Lexington, Mass. 

Total in all Classes 138. 


Apprenticeships in Agriculture, 4.9 

Articles to be Provided, 47 

Alumni Association, 51 

Board of Trustees, 3 

Calendar 6 

College Library, ,6 

Courses of Study, 37 

Donations to Library, 55 

Department of Agriculture, 1 [ 

Department of Mechanical Engineering, 13 

Department of Mathematics, 16 

Department of History and Civic Courses, ^o 

Department of Chemistry, 21 

Department of Physics, 25 

Department of Civil Engineering, 24 

Department of Horticulture, 25 

Department of Veterinary Science and Zoology, 27 

Department of Entomology, 28 

Department of Plant Pathology and Botany, 29 

Department of Languages, 31 

Department of Preparatory Work, 34 

Department of Military Work, 35 

Department of Elocution, Public Speaking and Physical Culture 35-36 

Discipline and Regulations, 44 

Equipment and Work, 16 

Explanation of Fees, 47 

Graduates and Degrees Conferred, 57 

General Aim and Purpose, 10 

Historical Sketch, 7 

Location and Description 8 

Letters — Department of Agriculture, 52 

Medals Awarded, 56 

Military Organization, 58 

Ofificers and Faculty, 5 

Outline of Courses, 38 

Promotion and Examinations, 43 

Requirements for Admission, 42 

Roster of Students, 59 

Short Winter Course in Agriculture, 48 

Standing Committees, 4 

Summer School, 50 

Scholarships, 43 

Student Organizations, 55 

Student Opportunities, 56 

Student Expenses, 46 

Time of Payment, 44 

LTniform, 45 


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