Skip to main content

Full text of "The universal etymological English dictionary"

See other formats

This is a digital copy of a book that was preserved for generations on library shelves before it was carefully scanned by Google as part of a project 
to make the world's books discoverable online. 

It has survived long enough for the copyright to expire and the book to enter the public domain. A public domain book is one that was never subject 
to copyright or whose legal copyright term has expired. Whether a book is in the public domain may vary country to country. Public domain books 
are our gateways to the past, representing a wealth of history, culture and knowledge that's often difficult to discover. 

Marks, notations and other marginalia present in the original volume will appear in this file - a reminder of this book's long journey from the 
publisher to a library and finally to you. 

Usage guidelines 

Google is proud to partner with libraries to digitize public domain materials and make them widely accessible. Public domain books belong to the 
public and we are merely their custodians. Nevertheless, this work is expensive, so in order to keep providing this resource, we have taken steps to 
prevent abuse by commercial parties, including placing technical restrictions on automated querying. 

We also ask that you: 

+ Make non-commercial use of the files We designed Google Book Search for use by individuals, and we request that you use these files for 
personal, non-commercial purposes. 

+ Refrain from automated querying Do not send automated queries of any sort to Google's system: If you are conducting research on machine 
translation, optical character recognition or other areas where access to a large amount of text is helpful, please contact us. We encourage the 
use of public domain materials for these purposes and may be able to help. 

+ Maintain attribution The Google "watermark" you see on each file is essential for informing people about this project and helping them find 
additional materials through Google Book Search. Please do not remove it. 

+ Keep it legal Whatever your use, remember that you are responsible for ensuring that what you are doing is legal. Do not assume that just 
because we believe a book is in the public domain for users in the United States, that the work is also in the public domain for users in other 
countries. Whether a book is still in copyright varies from country to country, and we can't offer guidance on whether any specific use of 
any specific book is allowed. Please do not assume that a book's appearance in Google Book Search means it can be used in any manner 
anywhere in the world. Copyright infringement liability can be quite severe. 

About Google Book Search 

Google's mission is to organize the world's information and to make it universally accessible and useful. Google Book Search helps readers 
discover the world's books while helping authors and publishers reach new audiences. You can search through the full text of this book on the web 

at |http : //books . google . com/ 

^*^«r''- r*"* 

^^'XS't JL ' ^ 


Digitized by Google 



, -i 

Digitized by VjOOQ IC 

Digitized by LnOOQlC 

f?i / ^1 


Univerfal Etymological 

Englifh Dictionary: 


An Additional Colleaioa of Words (not in the firft Volume 

with tbcir Explications and Erpnologics from the Ancien 

Britijh^ Teuionic^ Dutcb^ Saxon, Dantfi, Frenc/j^ Italian^ Spanifi 

I^atin^ Crce4, Hehrew, Cbaidee^ tSfc. each in its proper Qiaiadei 


An Explication of hard and technical Words, or Termi 
in aU ARTS and SCIENCES; with ACCENTS direS 
ing lo their proper Pronuntiation, fhewing both the OrtSo' 

I gri^fy and Ort6oepta of the EngHJb Tongue. 

Illnftrated with above Five Hundred CUTS, j;iVing i 
dearer Idea of thofe Figures, not fo wtU apprehended by verba 

1 I K E W I S E 

A Collcfiioo and Explanation of Words and Phra^hs us'd \t 
'.^^ Oarten, Statues, writs, 014 Records and Proceflct a( Law. 



The Thec^ooy, Theology, and Mytholc^ of the Egyptians 
Greeks Romans, &c. bdng an Aceunt of their Deities, Solcmimics, Di. 
▼inatioDs, Angurtcs, Oracies, Hictoglyphleks, and many other curious Mat 
m^ Dmflary to be undciilood, efpedaUy by the Readers of EngUfli 

To whidk is added. 

An additional CoUefiion of proper Names of PeHbns and Places 
In Great Britain, te with their Etymolcgies and Explications. 

The Whole dfgefted into an Alphabetical Order, not only for the 
mlbniiacion of the Ignorant, bat the Entertainment of the Curious t and 
alio the Beadic of Aitifieen, Tradefinen, Young Students and Fordgnerv. 

A.WORK u/efij for Jucb as vfould understand what they 
READ ^«/hRAR, SPEAK t^hat tbej MEAN, omiy^KiTB. tru^ 



%}^ ibecono Caution toitl; monr %VhititWj 
By N. B AI L E Y, ♦iAoKov©^. 


Pmacd for Thomas Cox at the Lamb under the "^^ya-txtboffste 


^ ^ r\ . t. 2^^..— 'GoogL 



( ( o •• --" 

/• . 

Digitized by LjOOQ IC 

lUuftriJfimis P R I N C I P I B U S, 




' A N N iE, 


E T 


Magns Britannis Regis & Reginap. 
Propagini ClariJJimA- 

A a 

Prin c ipes 

Digitized by (orOOQ IC 

P E D I C A T I O. 

P R I N c I p E s Seremjfimif 

\VM decennio abhlnc eUpfo iHuf- 
trijfimo fatrocinio vejlro frius hujus 
di£lionarii volumen committere fuerim 
aufus^ nunc denuo fretus indole per^ 
quam hutnand vefird^ hocce met fru 
oris opens qualis fupflementum^ ferenas in 'uef- 
tras manus &i fatrocinio trader e fuJiineOj id ali^ 
quid fa It em adminiculi Jiudiis vejiris Anglican is 
adferre fojfe f^erans. ^uod ut Jit^ etiamqne ut 
vos vita diuturnaj felicitateque in terris baud in^ 
terruptdj S; in ccelis quamvis ferb femp£ternd 
fruaminij cordate optat precaturque^ 

Humillimus vefter cliensj 

N* Bailer. 


Digitized by LjOOQ IC 


H E EngVtp Tongue, the prcfent Speech of Grea 
BrUatM^ and the Subjed Matter of this DiSiona- 
ry, \s a compound of ancient Languages, as flrf- 
^jfrt (U^flcb) Saxon^ Danifr^ N9rmam and modern 
hrenchy Latin and Greek. From the five firft of 

which, the Bulk or convcrfable Part is derived, 

m from the two laft, the Technical Words or Terms of Art 
od Science. The Brittjb Tongue, tho' originally the native Lan- 
p^ of the Country, makes, however, but the fmallell Part of 
iKCompoStion. For the Bn fains having been gradually weak- 
ened by their Wars with the PiSs, Romans^ Saxons^ Danes, {5jpr, 
Aird'eSpice of one thoufand Years, were at lad obliged to retire 
ovtrcbc 3riii/b jllpSf carrying with them their Language into that 
httofBriimmcilVd IVales, where they have prefervM it to this 
Dir- McMi while their vifiorious Oppreflbrs, having outed the 
fnfa Owners of their Country, not only occupied their Lands, 
htiadBfirioiiily difleminated their own Languages. 

Tfi£ Rfimam Legions, tho* they refided fome hundreds of Years 
is hitmm, made oo extraordinary Alteration in the Britijh Tongue, 
feicDicious were the firi/^/ir/ of their native Language at that 

KoR did the Danes make much more, by reafon of the Short- 
•cfi of their Reign, which was but about twenty feven Years, 
ooept in fome of the Northern Countries, where they made their 
fcfi Settlements, about 200 Years before they arrivM at the fu- 
prane Power. To this may be added, the Averfion that their 
Bsterity to the Britains had wrought in them, to their Govern- 
■OK, Perfi>ns and Speech. 

Tbe Siucmu^ by a longer Po/Teffion, did more fupprefs the Bri^ 
^Toi^iie, then mix'd with fome Latin and Danijb, and ciilti- 
'adtlieir own Tongue univerfally throughout the Kingdom. 

To them Ihcceeded the Normans^ who induftrioufly laboured to 

Kidic^cthe Ssxom Language, and eftabliih the French in its (lead ; 

iBd by this means, the prefent common Speech of England is 

iartfae greatcft part of a Saxon and Fremk Original. 

[But ts for our Technical Words or Terms of Art and Science, 

Y^ Hte the reft of the Nations of Enrope, have fetchM them froni 

1^ Gruh axul Latins together, with the Arts and Sciences them 

">!«. _ ■ Wk 

Digitized by VnOOglC 

The IP R E F AC E. 

We have likcwife, by Commerce and Convcrfc, introduced 
many Words from the French^ Danes^ Germans^ Italians^ isfc. 

By this Coalition of Languages, and by the daily Cuftom of 
Writers to introduce any cmphatical and fignificant Words, that 
by Travels or Acquaintance with foreign Languages they find, has 
fo enrichM the Ew^Zj^ Tongue, that it is become the moft copious 
in Europe ; and I may (I believe) venture to lay in the whole 
World : So that we fcarce want a proper Word to exprefsany 
Thing or Idea, without a Periphrafis, as the French^ yc. are fre- 
quently obligal to do, by Reafon of the Scantinefs of their Copia 

This Copioufhefs of the EngVtftj Tongue, rcndring it not pof- 
fibleto be compnVd in the firft Volume, has. been the Occafion, 
and the general Acceptance (hat my Labours therein have met 
with, the Encouragement, for my proceedure in it, and prefent- 
ing the World with this fecond, in order to make my Difiionary 
as compleat a) I am capable. 

But befides what I would before have infertcd in the firft Vo-» 
lume, had there been Room, I have fince found many Words and 
Terms of Art, and have had others communicated to me by fome 
Perfons of generous and communicative Difpofitions, and have al- 
io added to this much other ufeful Matter, not at aU in the former. 

And whereas bare verbal Defcrtptions and Explications of ma- 
ny Things, efpecially tn Heraldry and the Mathematicks, produce but 
i, faint and imperfeS Idea of them in the Mind, I have here given 
Cuts or engraven Schemes for the more clear apprehending them. 

Amd it being fo common with our modern Poets to interfperfe 
the Grecian and Roman Theology, Mythology, ^c. in their 
Works, an Unaquaintance with which renders their Writings ei- 
ther obfcore, or at lead lefs intelligible and tafteful to the Readers, 
1 have in this Volume taken Notice of the moft material Parts of 
the Accounts we have of their Gods, Goddeffes, Oracles, Au- 
guries, Divinations, l:jc. 

And as there has been among the Ancients, and is not yet 
grown our of Ufe, a fort of Language call'd Hieroglypbical, i.e. 
cxprefling Matters by the F'orms of Animals, Vegetables, y r. in 
fainting or Sculpture, I have interfperfed in their proper Places 
the moll material Remains we meet with in Authors of thofc 
myfterious Charaflers, for Afliftancc of fuch as defire to be ac- 
quainted with the Diaie£l of fach fpeaklng Pidurer, as our Oxford 
Almanacks were wont to be, and fiich Hiftories in Sculpture, as 
that on the North Side of the Monument near London-bridge. 

And again, for the better underftanoing of Hiftory Painring, ] 
have here defcribed in what Forms, Poftures, DrefTes, and with 
>yhac Indgnia, Statuaries^ Carvers and Painters, ancient and mO' 


Digitized by VnOOQlC 

The 9 R E F AC E. 

km, hi^e and doreprefenc the heathen Gods, GoddefTes, Nymphs^ 
. Hooes, Virtocs, Vices, Paflions, Arts, Sciences, Months, l^c. 
; asi L'^ro* the Whole there are inferted various Curioficies too ma* 
i a/ rxre k> be inlerted. 

' A5i> fmfixiQch as many Perfons of a fmall Share of Literature 
oi Qoi very converfant in Books, are frequently apt to Accent 
Words wrong; efpccially ihofe that are Technical, and fuch as 
trvBOC the moft common, I have placed an Accent on that Syl- 
ItMc, OQ which the Strefs of the Voice (hould be laid in pro- 
aoaociag : And here I would defire the favourable Cenfure of 
Crixicks, in that I have not confin'd my fclf to the placing it al- 
ways CO the Syllable that the Greeks have ; bccaufe they would, 
yfo iccented, frequently found very uncouth and harfti to Eng^ 
h^ Ears, and very diflbnant to the Genius of the Englijh Tongue. 
As to the Method of this Volume, it is exaAly the fdmc as 
die firft, and as to the Etymology, where I could not find any 
Ordinal, I have in their ftead writ \Incert, Etym.'\ #. e. the Ety- 
iDology is anccrtain. Tho' I am perfuaded that many, nay mod 
cf ojr common Words (excepting fuch as are humorous or cant- 
iae) do owe their Original to the Saxon Language. But the Sax^ 
w naming been a warlike People, who minded Fighting more 
liin Writing, and the Art of Printing being not then found our^ 
bs been the Occafion that there were few Books in the World in 
mofe Tones, and the greateft Part of them probably deftroyM by 
Hie ATffraMar/, and the Iron Teeth of Age having been gnawing the 
Remains of them for now near feven hundred Years, it is no 
Wonder, that what is left is fo imperfed. 

But having in the Introdudion to the firft Volume given aa 
Account more at large by what Steps and Gradations our EngUfij 
Toogne is come to be what it now is, from what it anciently was ; 
fcd not having Room here to expatiate, I (hall defift, hoping that 
lacfe my Labours may be both as acceptable and ferviccable to my 
Coantry-men as they have been laborious to me in the Compiling, 
SixcE the Publication of the firil Edition of this fecond Vo- 
lame, my Bafineis having calPd me to the FeruCil of a great 
Namber of Authors treating of all Arts and Sciences^ it has given 
at an Opportunity of colledingacoufiderable Number of Words 
•ot in the two firft Volumes in 06lavo ; whereupon, in order to 
Kftjerthis Work as compleat as I poiTibly can, I have entirely left 
o« the Emglip^ French and Latin Difiionary, defign'd chiefly 
fcrthe Ufe of Foreigners, to make Room for thefe additional Im- 
provements. As for thofe who would have this Work compleat 
ia one Volume, I recommend to them my DiBionarium Brit^mni' 
tum'xa F^tio^ which I hope will give them entire Satisfadion. 


Digitized by VjOOQ IC 

Alphabets «/ the Englift, Saxon, Greek, and 
Hebrew CbarafUrs, paralleFd for the Vf« of ,tbofe 
vjbo would acquaint tbemfehes roitb the Etymological 

Englijb Capitals, *bcdbfohiklm 
.O. £»|A7& Capitals, aiBeD«jr«|>a"»j, 

Saxon Capitals, 
Greek Capitals, 
Englijb fmall, 
O. EHgliJbGmW, 
Saxon fmall. 





^ ^.H r I K A M 
'^ ** • f K h 1 k 1 n, 

^ ■ < f f J i 1 r m 

Greek finall, 



Englijb Capitals, 
O.Engli/b Capitals^ 
Saxon Capitals, 
Greek Capitals, 
Englijb fmall, 
O. Englijb fmall, 
Saxon fmall, 
Greek fmall, 











P R6TV ^XYi 
n P S T S T z 
P.q rf t vu wxy i 




3 n D u 1 : 



ph#^ Pi^4, Th0S-^ Of a» 




Ony Pi»5 Shjy- Thn TiJ 




'S, j?. Ti:;r j;. 

Hebrew Vowels, 


c " 

'• 1. r • u) 


Digitized by VnOOQlC 

H E 


^piveff*'- litymological 

lid) ^^icttottatp : 

Mirx^ alfo an 


^^tet ^f hard Words. 



» * 2^. »»* ^u Jangasge*. tui- 

,_^> ^<^ * ^ C ot St. If they 
— * ^ ^ST'Jerfi fty'a, they «ft inro 
ai I ■='•" ^ 1^ wU> cbe letter A marked 
*• ••-^^ijwwcowleaio^l, wtch the let- 

^r <=» 1!^ was hafii to be dctcrinincd, 

««c^ ** j5^iL#^>toi«. Hence Cicero 

•* '-* .J^iT 1 wi .iTufed by the «^- 
>i«< .S^firft tetter of the iittfr-f ^l«- 

1 ■■Ift-lpr^ w«f« introduced. 

2?i2StoBt« o{ Chrillittttjr, « the 

^^ »^ljSS«/ to^m were fiift 

r l^ttfiotfii] 2« ^^ ^^ denote 
/^nitife Frapofitionj ac- 

A B 

Thus, in the firft mood, a fyllogffm 
confiftjiig of three un'verfal affirmative 
propoficions, is f^id to be in Bar ha-ram 
The A thrice repeated, denoting fo n)»n/ 
of the propoiirions to be univerfal, Jj^, 

"I or A A or ^ [with Fbjficians] u 
ufed ID prefcriptions, and denotes (imply 
equal pans of the ingi edicnis therein men- 

AAA [with Cbymifts'] iafometfmesufcd 
CO figniiy Amaig4»ma or Jmd'gamatim. 

A B, at the b g:niit^ of Engifflf Saxen 
names, is generally a contr^dion of Ab- 
bot, L e. an j^Bot or My^ fo chat as 
to the names of places, ic may be gene- 
rally concluded, that the place beloilgei 
ro a mooaftery elfewbere^ or that there 
was one there. 

A'BACUS [ A^*«^, Gen. of 'Avfirtf , 
Gr» which fome derive from *T2i^* J*5. 
to be elevated or raifed, and tVence take 
it to fignity a hi^h ihelf, ^. > it Wat 
ufed among the ancients for a cupb^gi d or 

ABACUS f •A/aot©*, Or.J a counting, 
tablaancicnrly ufeH in raUuhtions • This 
was fomecimea a board cover'd with fand^ 
duft, yc, Hfced evenly upon it, on which 
Geometriciaoiy (gfc. ufed to dfaw their 

ABACUS Tytbagorkms [i.e. Vytbtfo^ 
ras's tablej a table of numbers contrived 
for the more ea/y learning the pri act vies 
of arithmetick, and foppoied to be the 
moltipltcacioo table, and chenCR U has 
beet) ufed co fignity iin alphabet or A B C* 

ABACUS [in Arcbitt^urgJ is the ^tf^ 

perrooft member or capital of a colomo, 

which fervesas a lor( of crowning both 

» IP. 

Digitized by VjOOQ IC 

A B 

to. the ctpical andcolufno, tho* fome er^ 
NjToneonfly make ic to be the capital 

The ABACUS [according to Vitruvms2 
was origiatil/ defigned co reprefenc 9. 
fqoare die Utd over an urn or basket* 
The original or rife of this firft regular 
order ot architecture, is faid co be as 
follows. An old' woman of ""Athens ht' 
ving placed a basket covered with a" tile 
over the root of an Acanthus [Bears- fiot] 
th^ plant flioot'ng -forth the foUowinfi 
r^rinf, eiKompafled the basket all round, 
till having met the tile, +1 curled back in 
a kind of fcrolls, wh'ch being obierv'd by 
en iogenicus fculptor, he formed a capital 
upon this plai ( leprefentxng the tile by 
the AhacuSf the basket by the vafe or 
body of the capital, and the leaves by the 

^ The ABACUS is foire:hing different in 
different orders. It is a flat fqnare mem- 
ber in the Tufcan^ Doriclt, and ancient 
fimick orders. In the richer orJers, the 
Coflntbidti and Compofir, it lofes its na- 
tive form \ having its four fides or faces 
arwh'd or cut inward, with Tome orna- 
ment, as a rofe, fome other flower, a 
fifli's tail, \ffc. 

But there are other liberties taken io 
the Abacus^ hy feveral architefis. Some 
make it a per^<^ O^ee in the lonidt^ and 
crown it with a fillet. In the Dorlk, 
fome place a Cymatium over tr, and fo 
do not make it the uppermoft member : 
In the Tufcan order, where it is the larg- 
eft and molt maflive, and takes up one 
third pirt of the whole capita', they 
fometiraes rail it cPe Z>/>of the capital, 
apd Scamazzi utes the name Ahacus for a 
co^-cave moulding in the capital of the 
TUfcan pedr'Hal. 

ABA'DDiR, a name given to the flone 
that Saturn is fabled to have fwallow'd 
iofteid of his (on Jupher : For the poets 
feign, chat Saturn, having teen forewarn- 
ed, (hat he ftould be expelled his king- 
dom by one of his Tons, to prevent it, as 
foon as ever his wife Rhea waj delivered 
of a male child, fcnt for it in order to 
devour it; but having fcrved his wife 
fo once, ftc afterwards ijiftead of the 
child fent him a ftone, wrapped up in 
fwadliqg eloachs^ and fo deceived him, 
end p'eferved the child. See SOtum, 
^ ABA'GION, t proverb, a circumlocu- 

ABALIBNA'TION (in theXwiMalaw] 
• giving up one*s right to another perfon, 
or a making over an eflace, goods or 
chattels by faile, or due courfe of law. 

ABA'RCY [abartia^ U 9i 'AfiafrU, 
Cr*J lofaciablenefs. 


To ABAHH [ftbajiian. Sax*"] to mako 
bare, uncover or diidofe. 

ABARNATIB [of abajltan, Saz,^ co 
dttcSt or difcover any fecret crime. 

To ABA'SB [Sea term] to lower or 
take in,, as to lower or take in a flag. 

ABA'SED [in HefMry] is a term ufmd 
of the vol or wings of eagles, iff^. when 
the top or angle looks downwards toU 
wards^ the point of the fliield i or whe^ 
the wings are Aut : The natural way o£ 
bearing them being fpread with the tip» 
pointing to the chief or the angles. 

A Bend^ a Cbevront a Fale, iffc, are 
faid to be abafed, when their points ter« 
minare in or below the centre of tho 

An Ordinary is faid to be abafed, whoa 
below its due (ituatioo. 

To ABA'TE [oT aUtatre, P.] properly 
to break down or deflroy (in a common 
fenfe) is to diminiih| to make or grow 

To ABATE [in Common Lat^l to h% 
quaibed or made of none effed, as 

To ABATE a writ [in lam] U to de- 
ftroy it for a time, thro* want of good 
ground, or fome other defed i as the ap^ 
peal abateth bycoufenage, i.e. the accu- 
fation is made void» or defeated by 

ABA'TEMENT fakaiffement, F.] alof- 
(ening ; alfo ihac which u abated io a rec- 
koning or account. 

ABATEMENT [in Lam] the ad of a- 
bating i alfo fignines the entring upon an 
inheriunce, by flepping in between the 
former pofTcfli^r and bis next heir. 

. ABATEMENT ffibonoiir [with £fer^O 
is fometimes an abfoluce reverfionor o* 
verturning of the whole elcutcheoo, or 
elfe only a mark of diminution, BSVLfomt 
dexter parted tewney a Goar pnifter^ « 
Delft &c. Theie marks muft be either 
cawney or murrey ; otherwife* inftead 
of diminutions, they become additions of 

Att ABA'TOR [tn a Xinr fenfe] one 
who intrudes into hoofes or land, that is 
void by the death of the former poflTef. 
for, as yet not entered upon or taken uj| 
by his heir. 

A'BBESS [of 'A^^4Tti<a, Gr. Abu^if. 
ye. Sax*"] a goverxMfs of nuns. 

A'BBEYl [of 'Ayg)g«W«, Gr.\Abbo>5- 
WA'BBY f Jiice, Sax*] a convent or 
monaftery, a houle for religious perfons* 

A'BBIES, anciently one third of the 
beft benefices in England, were by the 
pope*t grant appropriated to abbies, and 
other religious houfes, which when they 
werediflTolved by K. Henry VIII, and be- 
come lay-fees, cht rt were 190 diflblved, 
^ whofir 

Digitized by VjOOQ 1 ^ 


^ ^^^ which «c a me^w'n^^ounccd 

irr a?« .bbey -. of whicb foiw in ^, 

BAm A'BBOTS. abbots, whofc ^i,. 
JfiTSebeen ercaed i»'°^^f ^^^^^^ 

CveaMtf ABBOTS, abboti, who are 
iBa ciTcd cardinals. 

n— ■■ifiiriirr ABBOTS, or Abbots m 
riMHtfiiT^r^ feculars, and do not per- 
fcra lay feininal offices, nor bye any 
jmtsa^ }ari«i^ioii over thetr monks, 
a^ko" they hare undergone cJie tonfurc, 
mA axe obfiged by cheir balls to cake the 
crriers whea cb«y come of ue. 

Crwrr^d ABBOTS, are fuch as bear 
dK cre6er or paftoral ftaff. 

Jferzrf ABBOTS, are fo calleif, beciaie 
iftey vcar anucrc wtjea rhcy officiate, 
Btf aic iadepeadeac upon ny perfoo boc 
cbe pew. beisx free from the bifbop's 
iiMfffin^ and hmTtng the £une antho- 
TZC7 vichiD their \y^nadn^ that the bifhop 
h^ i thcfe mUrcd ftbbocs in ^Umd 
ve:a alio lords of ptrliaffienr. 

Tftfrf^r ABBOTS, are real monks or 
k!%Iobs, who ha^e ctkea the 7owt tad 
wm che habais. 

AIBRE'VIATBD [flMrwVtfai, L. J 

ASnREUVOI'R, a watering place, Fr. 

ABBaxUYOl'R [with Uefotu^ rbe 
^sbc or /ocAire of twofboet, or the 
vaerftioe or fpace left between two ftones 
C9 ^r ch« morcar in as the/ are layu^. 

ABSirrTALS f cf tffteitfir, F. to B- 
■k CT faoood, or of balBaQ or onbn^an, 
Sat'l 'be botiings and boondings of hn ds, 
Kfkvays, }gfC* either towards the eaft, 
v«, noixb x^r fbucb. 

ABDICATIYB ISdieathus, L.J be- 
bacicf ro abdlcarion } aUb negatire. 

A^DITIVB [^hlitrws, L.J hiddrn. 

A'eOOIdBN [of tfftrfoi L. to hide, and 
■■■KaaH checaalj 

ABOOMfiS [with JkUtamifts ] the 
Iwer beny, that pare of the bell^ which 
a b cii* e ei i the Davel and the privities t 
^ itfwemoft of the 3 Ventnu or great 
OKles, which cootaint the ftomacb, U- 
tt, bladder, feiesn, ants, }gc. 

UIHTCTIO [of 4D from, and ductf, 
1. 9 lead or drawj a term ofed hy ana- 
n«8B when the ends of the booea ftaad 
B a Mac dSftence in a fradare, X. 

ABHI'Cl'OR flinufai d^iti [with iAm. 
BBJftJ • jnofcJc of Che little finger, 
Vlidh df«iv* ic fiom the reft. It takes 
ii A h^m the X^gJinnirMi traa/ver/aU^ 
«24ih and 3d bone of the Csr;pia, and 
teiktlbptnarptnol ibtOi Metacaf* 


^i*. The firft of thefe originations ends 

at the f^rperior part of the firft bone of 

the I'ttle finger forwards; thefecond at 
the iaroe part of the faid bene, laterally 1 
the third is infcrted with the 'odon of 
the Extenfar mtmmi digiti^ to chc upper 
end of the rhird bone ot the little finger. 
ABDUCTOR imnir^ dJgiti pedis [with 
Ajuaomjfis] amuC-leol-cbelicrletoe, tbac 
arifcs Irom the cjrternal part of the O/ 
eaicist as alfo from the external fide oi the 
Oi metacarpi of the lirtis toe, ^and forms 
one tendon at its inCsrtion to the fuperior 
pirt of the firft bone of the licrle roe ex* 
temally and laterally. Its Dfe ia to draw 
it off from the reft. 

ABDUCTOR Indicii [Mth jtaatomi^sl 
a mafcle of the fore fiicer, arifing flefliy 
from the Osmetacarpi^ that fuftains the 
fore finder, and havinjg Joined one of the 
Lumbr^rai mufJes, is infened with it to- 
gether with I be leiklgn of the AtduSor 
FMcit. The Ufe of ic is to draw the 
tore -finger from the reft. 

ABDUCTOR OcK/r [jttiatom'} a muf. 
cle of the eye, which draws u from the 
oofc. lih a\(o cilltd Jhdi£ruAwiduSj be^ 
canfe it is made ofe of Infcomful Refent- 

ABDUCTOR PoUiiit [Jnatomf} a muf- 
de of the thumb, which arifingbroad and 
flefty from the imemal pa:c of the JLiga- 
mentwn tranJverfaU carpi^ and dc/cendlng 
becomes tendinous at its implanration to 
the upper a**d external part of thefecond 
bene of the thumb, and laterally leftens ic 
felf. Its ufe is 10 draw the thumb from 
the fingers. 

ABDUCTOR Paltfci/ ffdij J^Aiatoml 
amuicleof the great loe. It takes rile 
flelby inceinally and laterally, from the 
Os calcii, and in half its Progreis becom- 
ing tendinous, joins with anether fleihy 
beginning, which fprings from the Oi cu- 
neiforme nu^ust which fuftarns the Os tue^ 
t4Starfi of the great toe, till laftly they 
both making one tendon, are tnipl anted to 
the external part of the 0$ Sejamoidet of 
the great toe laterally. 

ABELI'TION, Abolition, the Hceoce 
granted co a criminal accufer to forbear or 
defift from further Profecution. 

A'BELE-rrfr [with Botmfisi a finer 
kind of white poplar. 

ABRO'NA [of tfto. L. to go away] 
t^oddefs of the Romans ^ who> as the/ 
imagin'd, had xhe power of making their 
going forch happy or unhappy* 

A^BR [OidBritifhJ the fall ofaleiTer 
water into a greater, as of a brook into 
a river, a river into a lake or fea. The 
month of • river } ts Jhrc^tm^, l^» 

Bft n ] AWRIt 

Digitized by LnOOQlC 

A B 

ABEKE- MURDER [of zhefit apparent 
tnd mojito murder, Sax.] plain or dowi*- 
righc murderi in diftmition from man* 
flaughter and chanre medley. 

ABE'RR ANT [aberraiu, L.] ftrayi^g or 
waoderii^ away from. 

ABERU'NCATED laberimcattu, L.] 
puUed \>p by the roots, weeded. 

ABE'TTORS [in lam] are aifo thofe 
pertoDSy who wicbouc caufe procure others 
to (lit out falfe appe-ils of ielony or mur- 
der againit perfons, that they may tfaere- 
1)y render them infamous. 

ABGATO'RIA loiatgbitt'm^lxith^ the 
tlphabec ABC, ^c, 

ABGREGATION, a reparation from 
the Bock. L. 

To ABJB'CT 7 [aiieaatuM, IJ 

To ABJE'CTATE | to caft or put 
tway with difdain. 

A'BIES fwirh Botanifis] the fir-tree. 

ABIBTI'NE lahietmus, L. ] made of $ 
alfo of or pertaining to fir. 

ABrCA [With Botamfis] the herb 
ground.pine. X. 

ABI'GBUS \ [pU KecordA a thief 

ABIGB'VUSJ who has itolen many 

ABl'LIMENTS [of Ifar] habiliments, 
or all forts of armour and warlike ftores. 

To A'BJUGATE [ atjugatumy L. J »o 
tinyoke, to uncouple. 

A'BLt [oi babilih L,'] capable to per- 

To A'BLBGATH laBUgaium, L.] to 
fend abroad upon fome employment; al- 
fo to fend a perfon out of the way that 
one IS weary of. 

A'BLENESS [of babilltas^ L.] capa- 
blanefs to perform, ^, 

ABllGA'BOSfibfefire [with Botanijis] 
the flower Mtrcij/tu or Pf^Rte JD^dU, L 

To A'BLIGATB latligatum, L.] to 
bind or tye up from. 

ABLOCA'TION, a letting out to hire. 

To ABLU'DB labludere^ I.J to be 
mlike, to differ from. 

A'BLUENT lahluens, L.] wafting a 
way, cleanfing. 

ABNEGATION, a denying a matter 
point blank. 

ABO'MASUM [with Anatomifts'] one 
of the four ftomachs of ruminant animals, 
I. e. fuch as chew the cud ; the other 
rhree are called Venter^ Reticulum, and 

ABO'MIKABLB {abwunariy according 
tt the native fenfo of th^ word, from 
^%xiii omen, L. fignifies to. account a 
thing for an ill omen, or an unlucky 
fign, and thereifore to pray agatrft it 
by certain forms of fpcechj to be abhor- 
red, kaihcul or hated. 

A B 

To ABO'MINATE [ahominari^ of «^ 
and omen] properly fignifies to take a, 
thing ior an ill fign or unlucky omen ; to 
pray againft it, or wifli the cootrarv, by 
certain forms and fpeeches s we uie it for 
to abhor, hate orloath^ 

ABOMINO'SE labminofus, L.] fuU 
of abomination. 

A'BON "l [with the ancient BriUunsJ 

A'VON j fignified a river, and was a 
general name for all rivers. 

To ABO'RT [oBortir, F. o(ab and orior, 
L.l to mifcany, to bring forth the foetus, 
before it is arrived at its maturity ior 

ABO'RTION Iwith Gardeners] a term 
ufed of fruits chat are produced too early 
before their time, as when trees happen- 
ing to be bhited by noxious winds, are 
fuojed to this malady, never btinging 
their fruit to maturity. 

ABO'RTIVE laboytivust L.] pertain* 
ine to fuch a birth, ftilMx>m, untimely ; 
alio that comes to nothitig, as an abortive 

ABO'RTIVBNBSS, mifcarriage ; alfo 

ABOUTED [with Gardeners] a term 
ufed to denote that trees are budded. It 
properly fignifies a fwelling formed in the 
human body, which has come to a hea4 or 
abfcefs, and is applied to trees, in that 
the buds of them do in like manner arife 
like fmall heads. 

ABRACADa'BRA. this word is afpeli 
or charm, which is Rill in uie and efteem 
with fome fuperRiiious perfons, who pre- 
tend to do woodsrs by it in the cure of 
agues and fevers, which is to be written in 
theform of a tiiangle, decreafmg one Mer- 
cer every line till it comes to a point ; and 
the illiterate write the letters in E^gli/b 
chara£bers in the fame form. 

K 1 3 N "t R D K "I a K 

-IK 3 K1 3 H 
K D N n a N 

n UK 

A'BRACAR, a name which B^ilidet, 
an heretick of (he fecood century,' gave to 
Qod, who he faid was the author o£ ^65p 
iVf. 365 -days in the year, to which (he 
letter* Knn«-ISDK13« Atrac4<ia- 
bray are faid tp amounp. T.'^e author ok 
this Aiperftition is (aid to have lived in 
the time oi Adrian, and ha4itsnai^e af. 
tttABrafan^ or jtftaxdt^ £A^/Mff«f, (?r.J 

a deity 

Digitized by VjOOQ[^ 


tiMfihK <be amlior ttdofed. thtt he 
■ak 10 fsprcae daij, «sd ascribed^ to 
Hafticnl petty Ibfaordinaxe divinuies, 
nj9^mt wh9ftt6Scd over the heayens. 
f€ aJo acordiBe to the number of days 
ttTkefcar. he held 3f65 virtues or pow. 
crx, m LI pmitirit intelligences, the value 
tt the '<:cen in the urord, according co 
ifcaGnt^'^uiBbevs made 3^ ihiis» 
A 1 P ▲ B A S 

I « 100 I 16 X 290 

ABIUUAM:s BAUwI C^n ^oC^] cb« 

T» ABIlA'Dfi i^SrMd^e^ W] tolbave 

AHLA'SION [with Smsmu] a Toper* 
feal raifii^ of the skin. 

ABtASlON [in a Medidaai SmfeJ the 
vcnag awsy cite natural mucus, which 
csicn :he Beabranes, panicularlf chofe 
flf the tottsch xjd guct, by conofive or 


knON [with TbUofopbets] chit 
r which is worn off by auricion of 
I oae againfl another. 

Ua£)IUNClAnriON, areoouncing or 
htkkr^ a^y diing eniifely. F, o{ JL 

iiaia>GMBNT [dfeggment^ F.j an 
dbd4ft^9 to^- wherein ihe lefs nucerial 
deaia ase ta^fted 00 but briefly, and fo 
tm vhole brof%ht into a lefler compafs > 
■aipiiaae or flion account of a matter > 
afi^aaary or Ibort accoont o\ the maccer 
af a book. 

ABRIDGMENT [of dCPimt, &c. in 
im\ is cbe naking It fliorier by abftrafi- 
uuiar of ixa circumftances. 

ABBOCAME'NTUM. Stit Mfhocbment. 

ABBOO'D [ok bjieban, &tx.] as to 
fe ahrood as an hen on eggs, ro cheriA. 

ABSOTANlTES [ A^^^ivw, Cr.] 
viaei^ide ot f^^chernwood. 

ABBOTONinrES Ik/^mi^ns^ Gt.'] 
weraawaod wine. 

ABBO^AHUM [AjSe/TAMr, Gr,^ the 
hem faKhernwood. 

TheABRU'PT [etn^fMii, L.] the on- 
CPca, ro^ha broken, orcraggya part of 
^ksalfft. Jfikflit. 

ABRU'PTNBSS, the breaking or being 
beokcn otf on a fiiidmi s ajfo craggineu 
• ■ rack BMMintain Itfc 

Te ABSCIND lib^tdite^ L.] cocuc 

AMCrSSierta CMBck AAm* or oTibfr 
^^ Cmvilimai fi- 

^^ I ^W perts of the axil 
f^ ih \ cue off b/ the 

I Wm \ *ccouoted down* 

I fB I wards from the 

ir^^mmm fei^iQx of the 


iedtoQ, chm y b or y B art the ^c^ 

tn this figure. Some writers call rhafe the 
HUfcepted Axes or intercepted diamecen. 

To A'BSfiNT me'sftlU to be voluite^ 
rily abfentt not co appear* co keep out of 
the way. 

ABSENTEB'Sy a parliamenc held in 
Dii^/in the 28th of Hmry VIII. 

ABSI'NTHIATBD [ai^biohu^ L.] 
mingled with wormwood. 

ABSINTHIO'MENON i'K-^tfd-iipnm^ 
Gr,] fomhernwood, or wormwood gen:le. 

ABSlNTHI'TfiS ['A^riF^iTaf, Gr. j 
wine made of wormwood. 

ABSI'NTHIUM [ A4ii^i«r, Of. J 

To ABSI'ST [d^m, L.] to ceafe 
or leave off. 

ABSOLETB [oB/oletus, L] out e( 
life, negleded. 

A'BSOLUTfi l^ubGrammariaiu} with* 
out reeimen or government, as ao shiSm 
the oBfolute* 

ABSOLUTB^biMi Afifff. [wtchGiVMi- 
wariam'] fuch adje&iresas are In chepo- 
(icive degree, as^rM^ tittle ^ /•», Ufi. 

ABSOLUTE Horns SiJbfim. Aich nouoi 
whofe fignifications imply a fimple idea ; 
as a Man, a Harfe, Earthy Air^ ^c. 

ABSOLUTE [in TU^imJ » f'>nietlnies 
ufad CO denote a thing being without any 
caure, in which fenfc God is abfoluti. 

ABSOLUTE is alfo ufed to ^%mht frtt 
from conditions, u che decrees of God 
are faid co be flbfolute in refpe^ to men. 

ABSOLUTE [with Roimmifis) is ufed 
in oppoficion co Declaratory, as chey hold 
that a prieft can forgive tins dfoltite^l 
but che preteftants fay only dedaratively 
and minifterially. 

ABSOIUTB AfttfiM, fignifies che chai^B 
of place in any moving body. 

AiBSOLUTE Humbers ijUgdrs] a nrnn- 
ber which poireflfes one incire part or fide 
of an eqaarion, and is always a known 
quancicv, and che redangte or folid under 
rbe unknown roots in £^ratieks and Oh 
bicks^ thus in this equation > a a -+* 16 
a === 36, che abfoluce number is ^, 
which is equal co che prodoft of the two 
roots ef values, mnlctplied one toco ano- 
ther s this is called alfo Homogemum Omi- 
paratiottis, by Vieta. 

ABSOLUTE rtace, is that part of In. 
finite and immovable fpace> cbtc ftny body 

A'BSOLUTBLY lab/cguti^L.^ titer «d 
abfduie manner* 

ABSOLUTELY [wlch Geoaetricims'] 
h nfed CO iknify locirety, compleacly. as 
a circle or (phere is fald to be tbfoluttly 
round' in contiadlAioaioo 10 a figure 
that is p«rtW fp, ts in^^jT^ a Sphetmd, 
toe. Cc^c^nt ^■^- 

** Digitized by VjOOy l^ 


. ABSOLUTION [in cb6 Qmon-lam^ t 
Joridictl a&« whereby a prieft ts a judge, 
and by Wrcneof a power delegated co faioi 
from Chrlft, remits fim. 

ABSOLUTION lin the Civillaof} fig- 
ni&es a de&nicive fentence, whereby a man 
tccoied of any crime it acquirced. 

ABSOLUTION [in the Reformed 
€kKrches]M uAially underftood ot a Se i- 
tCDce by which a perfon f(anding excom- 
nnnicated,' is f;reed or relea/ed trom the 

ABSOLUTP'RIOM: [with rtyficians'i 
so abfolute remedy, or moH cfiectuaJ 
medicine % alio % certain cure or perle-^ 
lecovery. JL 

A'BSOLUTENESS [of ^folu, F. ab- 
fiUtus^ L.] arbitrarineTsy iieedom from 
C0oditxons, ye. 

To ABSO'RB Ivrhh Gardeners y &c.] 
Is a term apply*d co chore greedy branches, 
that growing on iruit-irees, do drilik up 
sod rob the other branches of the nutriti. 
«Mis juice, that they ft and in need of for 
iheir nourii) menc and augmentation. 

ABSQUE HOC [i. e. without this] 
words ot exception made uTe of in a 
ciaverfe, X. 

ABSTE'ASIVE Medklnes, fuch as are 
•ufcd to clear the skin and outward parts of 
xhe body from filth. 

A'BSTRACT[in /ibi|o/&fI^]ch«t which 
h feparated from fome other thing by an 
operation of the mind called abftia^ion. 

An ABSTRACT Jdea, is fome fimple 
adea» decach'd and feparated from any par- 
ticular fubje& or complex idea, ^ lor the 
tike of viewing and confidering it more 
^ftin^ly^ as ic is icitfelf, its own nature, 

^ ABSTRA'CTED MMbtwuxtides, U ufed 
in oppofition to m^xM mathematicks ; che 
fejtner (ignifying pure arichmeiick, geo- 
■letry or algebra. 

AI1STRAXT£D Noms SMantives 
fwich GranoHaritms^ ficcj are Aicfa nouns 
as det^otea thing; the exiftence ot which 
it rea!, and in the nature of the ching j 
hxff. fublifts only in the underftanding s as 
fimaHky^ Trutby Yigilance^ &c. 

ABSTRA'CTEDLY [of aifiradus^ L.] 
19 way of abftr:i£V. 

ABSTR A'CTI VE iahfira&ws , L.] that 
may be abftra&ed or drawn from. 

ABSTRl'CTED [<j49riA<«>L.] loofeoed. 

To. ABSTRI-NGH {Mrmgere, L.] to 
mbind or loofen. 

ABSTRU'SE [dftrufiu L.] far removM 
from che common appreheofioo« or. ways 
•f conceiring. 

ABSUllDNESS iMurdUas^ L.] dlf- 
•(rewbleaeft to xcaioo, impenincnce^ 


folly s an error or offence tgafoft fbiii#i 
generally allowed truth or principle. 

ABUNDA'NTI A, an allegorical divixiicj,, 
which wa$ repiefe;ited under che figure of 
a young virgin am'dft all fores of good 
things, in go'-d plight of body, hiving a 
frefh lively colour, holdi ;g in her hand a^ 
horn» l-)id to be that of Acbeioui* 

&i/^ ABUSE, the crime called other- 
wife, feU- pollution. 

ABU'SlO,^ The abufuig or mifufing of a 
thing. I. ' 

aBUSiO [in UhetorkV] a figure, the 
fame as Catachrefis, L. 

ABU'SIVENESS, Offenfivcnefs, affironr*' 
irtg- c's, yc 

ABUTTl'LLON [with Boumifis^ ye!-' 
low ma.Ljws. 

ABY'SMAL, Pertaining to an abyfs. 

A'BYSS ["AAo^'^f . Or.] a bottomleft 
pit or gilf, or any prodigious deep, where 
no bottom can be found, or is fuppofed co 
have no bottom; a vaft unfathomable' 
depth ot' waters, fuch as is fu.'pofed co be 
incl.^fH in the bowels of the earth. 

ABYSSrNES, a yeop\e o\ Etbiopta, who 
a'e rhrilHans of che Greek church. 

AC i a: the beginning or end of a 

AK >> nimc ot a town or p^ace is the : 

AKB 3 Sizott word (ic) which figni-< 
Hes an oak, and generally denotes the pla e 
Co take ics Nime ot' Oai^ as ABon is aa^ 
much n rd /ay Oak Town, and Atfiins ac, 
Aufiin'i Oak s and as for the names ot per- 
Tons ^f the fame form, chey a^e f^r che ' 
moft part derived trom che places of cheir 
birrh, or fome acchievemenc there. 

ACA'CIA fwiih Botanlfij] the name 
of a (brub, or the gum oijisacia, called 
alfo the b'nding bean-cree. 

Rob ACA'CIA, confcrve of floes, which 
xs ufed inftead ot the true Acacia. 

ACAXIA [with MedaUiftsi a kind of i 
roll refembling a bag, feeu on niedals in 
che hands of feveral of che coaiuls and 
emperors, tf^tet Anafii^its* 

A'CACY ['A««xiflt, Gr-'\ innocence, a 
being free from malice. 

ACADE'MICKS 7 a name now ufed for 

ACA[DEMISTS j members of modern 
academies* or inftlcuced focieties of learn- . 

A'CADEMY, is alfo now nfed (or a fore 
of collegiate fchool or feminary, where 
young perfons are inftru£^d in a private 
way. In the liberal arts and fciencesy a* 
chofe of che NoncanformiJis. 

ACADEMY (of Borfenunlhlpl U alfo 
afed to 6gniiy a riding: fcbool, a place 
where perfons are taafthc co rMe the greac i 
horfe, and ntherexercifei, fis fencing, jgfc. 

ACALY'PHE CAiuaJfti, Gr.] the te« 
ttetclc, or great ftioging neiile* t. 


•CAXTA [wfcih Bn^s] tlte w^n- 

^'HTHk f AM^tt^y Gr.1 a ibora, 
Utfcrlnaiblc. £. 
ACHrrHAI^iyCB . ['Ajutr^AXifTjui^ 

ACANTHION f A«i«t^WF, Or.] the 

ACl NTHATOPlA'RrA, tragtcamh of 

ICl VTHICE* i; -A jutt ^i«i, Gr. ] a 
^tri arid p.eafan: jaue, concained in che 
■pof pelatorf or ivy- I- 

ACVSTHIS fwiUk AiC4Ri/7i] cbeh«rb 
pw«pL 1. 

ACA'MTHUS fAJMaa©*, Gr. ] the 
io^ hcu»>fareecky bears-luoc or braak- 

AtriXON f *Ax«^», Or. ] the plant 
*i<4-«fnic or gow; alfo baccberV 

A^CIKOS f As4tp^,Or.] a mufhroOm 

ACAtPy [dc»r>irif, t.ol'A«:t^Ti«, of 
«jnMK. md Ksfirif ,- Gr. FruicJ unfruit- 
"he^ b a ii e m efs. 

iCaTALEnPTlCK [of 'Aaayx^a^T^, 
6rJ iacanprchnifible. 
.*CATA'US fA»«7/Xif , Gr.] the Icffer 
*■*«' jieafer- JL. JlofM. 

^AnfRA CAjM7«f«, Gr. j the greater 

AdTERT fin the king's houftol<Q a 
KX af ebeck between c^^^e clerks of the 
^■|*t kieeteii, and farreyor. 

ACATHARSI'A I'AjuL^f^rix oi^neg, 
■* aadmi^. Or. to purge or cleanfcj 
^ fick or ioipartiy in a dtieafed body, 
•^Kfc n not jec ^ived off. 

M^AOOIS iLwuh Bouaifii] a term 

ACAOXOS I ii(cd of plants tbac feem 
■ »aac ftallEa. wkofe flower creeps on 

Ifo ACCEDE [accedere^ !• I to come 
^o^raw near to, to enrsr into. 

ACCELElU'rED JMbrion [in Jukcbau] 
t Vfltiaa wMcb laceives continual incre- 
*as or acceffions of velocity. 

AOCElfiAAnnON [with HiUfopbersI 
te^iRoal iocreafe of motion in any hea- 
^ wtfci ending^ towards the center of 
^tvth, bf the foroa of gravity. 

kCCEl.ERATION [with the ancUnt 
4b^aftfjJ a term afed in refped to the 
fa« bit, 8i»d fignified the aitterence he- 
reto tkc revolution of the Pritmim Mn- 
Ue, md the folar rerolmion, which was 
I ^apoBed at 3 mtnntes and $6 feconds. 

iCCiUltATC/RES [jinatony] cer. 
I S ■ rf'.lu fo raUed of accelerandi^ i, i* 

' TaA&Bin) Zjkenukrf, t.] tokb- 
^ Ktofet on fire. 

■ocnmoN irba^^i t^e in- 


kindling or retting any nattinl body oa fire. 

A'CCENT [with Kkefmtmi] a tone 
or modulation of the voice, ufed fome- 
times to denote thelniencion of the orator 
or fpeaker, to give a good or ill fignifica- 
tion to his words. 

Grave ACCENT [with Gram.'] is this 
mark {^) over a vowel, to thew that tho 
voice is to be deprefs'd. 

Acme ACCENT is this mark ('} over 
a vowtii to fiiew that the voice is to bo 
raifed ^ 

Circumflex ACCENT is this mark (*") 
over a vowel, in Greelf, and points out 
a kind of unJu!acinn of the voice. 

The Long ACCENT, [in Grammar J 
fliews that the voice is to itop upon tko 
vowel that has that mark, auJ is ezprdt^ 
(ed thus ( - ). 

The Short ACCENT t in Gr^JWXWr J 
(hews that the Time of pronoancinx oughc 
to be fhorr, and h markeJ thus ( " ), 

To ACCE'NTUATE [accentuatum, t,J 
to pronounce ia readiiig or fpeaking ac- 
cording to the accent. 

ACCENTUATION, a pronouncing ar 
marking a word, fo as to lay a ftrefs o£ 
the voice upon the right vowel or fyllable. 

ACCETTABLENESS» agr eeabieoeis . 
pleafantnefs, Jw. 

ACCE'PTANCB 1 [inIifB»3 a tadc 

ACCEPT A'TION j agreement : Thua 
ifamanand his wife, feinted of land ia 
right of his wife, do join in making « 
leafc by^ deed, reserving rent, the Hus- 
band dying, the wife feceives or accepts of 
the rent, the leafe fhall be made good bp 
this acceptance in her, and (hall bar her 
from bringing the writ Cm ia wta^ againft 
the tenant. 

ACCfi'SSlON [with Ph^ians'i cfao 
fit or time of being worft in any Intennit- 
tent $ the fame as paroscy/mus, 

A'CCESSORY [by Statute] a Perfon^ 
who encourages, advifes, or conceals aa 
offender, who is puilty of felony byftatnte. 

PER ACCIDENS [with rbiio/opbertj 
that which does not follow from the natvro 
of the thing, but from fome accidental 
quality of it. JL 

A'CCIDEnT laccrdent^ t.] a contra- 

1;ent effed, or fomething produced cafuat* 
y and without any fore- knowledge or 
deftination of ic in the, agent tkacproduoel 
it, or to whom ic happens. 

A thing is alfo frequently (tlM an Ac* 
cidentf in reference to its caufe, or if 
Isaft as to our knowledge of it, and by 
this an eied either cafoally prodttced, or 
which appears to have been fo to ns, ia 
commonly underftood. 

Ommon ACCIDENTS [with tofid' 
ansj is tha filth of the ttnivatfal ideas. 

Digitized by vj<U — j. -- -- 


•od «re when the abje& it t tnie mode* 
which muf be ieparaced ac letft by the 
mindy from the thing ot which ic t$ faid 
to be AD ftccidency an'l yet the idea of 
that iblnKfliannoc be denroy*d> tsroMid, 
tm'dt pifi, prudent^ Ace 

Etttitive ACCIDENTS [in Meta^byficls^ 
are either primary or fecondary. 

Tr'mary enth'tve ACCIDENTS, arc fuch 
tft are abfolote, as £uantity tnd 2uality, 

KefpeSive entitive ACCIDENT [with 
lfigiciaiu\ IS relation. 

Modificat'ive iuthive ACCIDENTS 
[with Metapbyficimul a r e quando (wren), 
M ( where ), fitiu ( fitUAiion )» habitus 

rredUabte ACCIDENT [with Lagici* 
Atfj implies a common quality, which 
■lay be, or may not be in the fubjeS, at 
t particular colour, as rednefs in a wall, 

f^edic^mental ACClD^r [ with Lo- 
£ictans2 '^ when U is in its eiTence or 
nature to lubiift iPi^ inhere or cleave to 
iome fubilance, and cannot be alone. 

ACCIDENT [with Pbyfidans] Is fuch 
as does not flow immediately from the 
ftrft caufe, but from caCual interpoiicioos : 
Some ufe the exprefllon in much the fame 
ftnfe as fymptom. 

jBfilute ACCIDENT [with Kwnan Ca- 
tboliclu] is an accident which does, or 
may pombly fubfiit, at leaft miraculoufly, 
or by fome fupernatural power, without 
« fubjeft. 

ACCIDENTS [in Heraldry 2 «re the 
principal points in an efcutcheon. 

ACCIDE'NTALNESS [of acxidentatis, 
LI the happening by chance. 

ACCI'DITY [occiMtas, L.] flothful. 

ACcrpIOUS laccidiuf, L.] flothful- 

ACCI'NCT laccinaus, L.] girded, 
prepared, re^dy. 

ACCrPIENT [accipUns^ L.] receiving j 
alfo a receiver. 

ACCIPITRI'NA [in Botaxy] the herb 

ACCLAI'M, acclamation. iM/2roft. 

ACCLI'VIS [In^dtomyjarouiclecall- 
ed %\h Obiiqiuu afcendens 

ACCLI'VITY [dccli- 
vitast L.] 18 a Aeep- 
nefs reckoned upwards 
on a Hope, dechvicy is 
a fteepnefs downwards s 
thus B A is an acclivi 
ty* and AB a decli- 

ACCLl'VOUS lacclivk, LJ rifing up. 
wards, fteep up. 

A'CCOJLA, an husbandman thai conies 
kon oUter pans to till the land. 

A C 

A'CCOLWT [sec9Uiu, IJ dwelling 
hard by. "^ ^ 

ACCOLLE' [In BiTdUry} collared, or 
wearing a collar, F. 

ACCOMMODATION, the compofure 
or putting an end to a difference, quar- 
rel, Utc. alfo convenience. 

ACCOMMODATION (in PbilofipkyJ 
the application of one thing by analogy 
to another. 

ACCO'MPANIMENT, fomeUiing at- 
tending or added i% a circumftance to ano- 
ther, either by the way of ornament, or 
for the fake of fymmeiry, or the like. 

are all fuch as are applied about the 
Ihield, by way of ornament, as the belt, 
mantlings, fupporrers, ^c. 

To ACCO'MPANY [tfcceiN^fler, F.] 
to go or come with, to wait on, to keep 
company with. 

mem^ F.] the entire execution, acchieve-^ 
mem, or fulfilling of (bmething propofed 
or undertaken. 

ACCOMPLISI^MBNTS, acquirements 
in literature, art| fdencc, good behavi* 
our, Jjr. 

A'CCORD [in finncb Mt^k] U the 
proda^on, mixture and relation of cwo^ 
founds, of which the one is graTe» and 
the other acute* 

ACCO'RPQRATBD [dccorportftatf, L.j 
joined, or put to, iabodied. 

ACCRB'TION, growing or fticking 
to, £. 

ACCRETION [with Naturatiftsl U 
frequently apply'd to the increafe of fuch 
bodies as are withuut lif», and ic is alio 
called Appqfition or Juxta-paftion. 

ACCRETION f C with Cwifums ] a 

A'CCRBMENTJ vagne or vacant, 
portion of ground, joined or uniced wiib 
grounds held or poflefled by another. 

To ACCROA'CH [accttichef, F.] cQ 
hook or grapple unto l alio to invade ait- 
other man's right i to encroach upon. 

ACCROCHB' [io HerOdVf] i« whea 
one thine hooks Tnto another, A-. 

ACCUBA'TION, a fitting down, oc 
lying at table, Z. 

ACCUBinriON, a fitting down, £. 

A'CCURATBLY [accurate^ L.] with 
exadnefs and nicety. 

ACCU'SABLB (accufaNiis^ L.]] tku 
may be, or deferres to oe accufed. 

ACCUSA'TIO 7 [in the Civil Lml 

ACCUSATION r it the intending ^ 
criminal aAion agamft any one, either h 
one's own name, or that of the puUick 

ACCU'SfiRS [accordii^ to Onwetim 
Agrifpa] the 8ch order of the devila 
whole prince h called A^en^^ i-e, a 

Digitized by VjOOQ IC 



4 totccftUlcif, who IB the Keve- 
'osQi h oM cte aocnfer of the bre- 

[ iCtro WtAflLY fof 

p^Bku^t towduK to ciiftoin< 
I ACIT8AU ViTfki EPoetrj, Or^i Mrf 
be] fcHtt, thK b%in with t fliort 
mfe.ia d tad vich m Jong one. 
iOfFBiLeaS [^f«X^* Gr.] with 


JOtf Itonimt, I.] of « competmd 

■e, «)idiconfifts of tonr^wnd « decree 

> rajiM er of e cifte between four 

■f )ro, fact ic noft onripe froits htve. 

'^^ [»iik Kataic/Jil a meple-tree. 

»tt* 7fwiih BaM^# ] figoi- 

w*"* r ^ 'o^' ^ii^ a rough- 

>atns 3 ficTs in the cafte like 

T» ACEUaTB lacetbmum, L.J to 
Htfeer or bvA'ttfted i tlfb to mo- 

•J^^inWf^twKftiirf©, L.] fowr- 
■iMiiBA b itlle J bitcerneTt. 

«toB [of « n^. and »«^r, Gr. 
"^JjUiexi without w«x- 

fOWSg [«enn^, L-l chafiei liiU 

AQtKA fvaoag the Jlmnmj] t kind 
■j^ awftediKTthe geie of t perfon 
2"H wheiein Ub fiunil/ end A^iends 
■^ oflcr bovDfe tUl the lime of his 

'MTU Oeirawltf, L.] Mooglng 

JQwiHON, m h^Qg up togc* 

J^^WSB Imtroofia^ tj fiill of 

JCVrifKjLA [.JutfMi] certain Glaiw 
■^■B lit Cterios, one of the skins 
™»^r t child in the womb. 
•^A'TOLUM [with Boumifit} the 

^ttS [^crCMTfai^ I.] ftllett lod 

l^lTIAlf ULLE^ the words of a 
* *_y^ cte aAion reqotres good bai). 

gySA Fwith BoMiff/] rotiel, 
li^JJ^**«5r«. ij ttger.fowr, 

j^J^KHTLU [withAiMi^i] wood- 

Mjml a cencraft or bar- 

C'^X^i^rat, OrJ a precious 

^sd la Ajpita, of ferenU ccrtotfrs, 

^ %«s of fome of which re. 

^ %aits^ at of crcff, ftnibs. 

;fVT [eba. ta»l a cana 


ICm ftHtJi ArtfmJ a dMuft lil 
hories. caoiiig a tiinnboels in the loiatf. 

ACHE'ANBR fiD j^hmm^^ a brkha 
ixed ftar of the firft migniaMla ia firds- 
WW, wherfakaigitiideu xo, 31 degree^ 
and latitude 59, i8. 

A'CHfi&OM iJix^fm of ij^ foK 
row, and /(• co flow < ^ of « ^rmr^ 
and >:«lfip, Cf. roiejoice, i #. a forrow« 
hd riTcr] a river of Epirmt^ oyer wldlch 
cka poecs fe%oed departed Ibals werg 
ferried. The reaibn wfaf cite ancimt 
placed hell in £te>jtf , feems to be. be^ 
caide the mines of chac plaet had MbofvA 
abaadaiioe of men. « 

ACHB'RSBT, an ancient mtaTore of 
corn, fvppoled to be she fame as oor ^|ui^ 
ter or eight bu Ae]s« 

To ACHIE^TB te^ewr, F^.7 to aiw 
ehiete, to aecompittb i t6 getfofa or. 
finifh fome notable z6t or exploit. 

notable performance* 

ACHULB'A i;«x<^'^^> <'rO To ^Ueil 
of Jcbittes, who U laid to have cari4 
TeUpbtu of a dangerous utcer with ic | 
the herb Milfoil of TarrOw. 

ACHILLBI'S l^ihjlHMom»ii Ctetf* 
don formed by the O^Cdi^ij; it takes iti 
name from the aftton in comlilcing to 
fwiftneft of pace, 

ACHirLLBSv a uCmO which tl>e (chcol* 
men give to the principal aigumenc aj. 
iedced bf eaeh ibft of philoMers fit 
their behalf^ ^ 

ACHIMBNIS iJiyit**^ht Of«J thO 
herb Polejr. 

A'CHOLITB, fee JMta 

ACHO^BS [of \Sm. and :(£f» 
Jpace, becaofo thefe eruptions have but a 
fmall Tent, as GaieH foppofos } but other* 
derive them of dx^^ of Z;^? a, afy liaht 
and fofcthine^ aloen of the Uead running 
from a fmall orifice. 

ACHRB'STT lactftftiS, t; of dxf^ 
ri«» Gr.] nnproitablenefs. 

ACHKIO'GBLIST [acrttgttos^ L. of 
JitfttiytK^, Gr»l a great Uugher, oni 
chat laughs at nothifig, or at ever/trifltf» 

ACm(ymCAl\ractrcmctti, L. of 4 

ACHB<yNIGK f prMr. and t^. 
9Q^ time, Gr .1 otu of, or without time; 

ACI^CULA [with Botorifii] the herk 
Shipherd's Needle or Wild Chervil, L 

A'CIDS, are kinds of ialts. all who(k 
little particles are long, poxnced and fliar^ 
at their extremities, and make the tongta# 
feel a fliarpncis, as citrons, lemoni^ oia»'< 
ges^ taoMriads^ ]^. the dioft fenuble tt» 
feft of them is the coagulatioi^ of thoiS 
liquors, with which they ar^miziri. tM 
mifner how tBsfe cMgnlatloBa are afedfc-. 
ad, is by the 4041 ftirr^l«^p«t«i^ 

Digitized by VnOOglC 


tht Ifquor, upon whtc)i tb«y tra poured, 
in fucb fore, cUc the fubtile matter cannot 
pafi more into it, and fo chey grow thick 
and lot'e rheir nnotion. 

Natural ACIDS [with PbyficiansJ ar« 
fuch as have a proper (harpuefs of their 
ow«a as \ui e oi lemons, )«fc. 

Artifcial ACIDS [with Chfmifls] arc 
fuch as aie. prepared by the &re» inchymi- 
cil operations. 

. Moftififl ACIDS9 foch things as afFcft 
the tonguC) with a feoie of Aarpoers and 

Dahious AC I US, fuch things which 
have not enough of .tbeacid nature, to 
'give feofible marks to the tafte ; but yet 
agree with the manifefl acids in other 

ACIDITY 1 [with Cbyniifts'} ♦he aci- 

A'€1PNESS J diiy or kcenncfj of any 
liquor thai confifts in keen particles of 
fa Its diifolved, and put into a violent mo- 
tion by the mea^s of fire. 

ACI'DtJL'A IBatatiy'] aa herb, a kind 
of forrel, 

A'CINI [with Bo^aniftj] are taken for 
thcfe grains that grow thick, or fmall 
.grains growing in bunches after the man- 
uer of grape-ftones, of which the rruits of 
the Elder-tree, Privet, and other plants ol 
the like kind are compofisd. 

ACINI [with P^Ac/dBi] the feed that 
IS within a fruit, and tbeme they in their 
^refcriptions frequently ufe uva exacmatOj 
1. e. ti ti Acini or feeds beiue taken out, l. 

A'CIMOS f ««<r®-, Or.J Che herb Wild 

Ift'CME [dxfjm, of « neg. and ««>»« 
<o be wbary, Gr*J the prime of a thing, 
the flower of age, the vigour of coiifti- 
tmioni ilfo the utmoft top or height of 
any thtn^ i the poiit of a weapon. 

ACME [^ith rbyficiotts] is ufed to de^ 
note the third degree or height of diftem- 
pers. Of. wh-ch irai>y have four perieds. 
iff, the Arcbe or beginning ; id, j4naba 
fiM, the increafe orgrowrhi 3d, the .^-> 
pie^ wken the morb:fi:k matter is at 
the heights 4th, the F^riacme or declen 
fion of the dffeafe. 

ACO'NTIAS [tf-'xom*. Or.] a fort of 
comet or blazii g flar, in form refembling 
a javelin or dart. • 

A'CORNED [in Heraldry'} bearing a- 

A'CORNA (tlHCfift»f, Gr.] the thiftle 
Called Androfamony or Man's- blood. 

A'CORUS [oiK9^\ Gr.J the greater 
Oalingale , the iweet cane, the fweet 
Cardsn il4e. 

ACOSMl'A [aKiP'/jtUy of « prtv» aad 
xiTf*^ adorned j an ill flate of health, 
with the lo.s oi the u^tuxfti colour la the 


ACOU'STICKS {dCfmfika^ L. dMVi 
Gr.J either inftmments or medici 
which help the fenie of hearing. 

To male ACQUAl'MTED [of ixec 
tett F.] to give intelligence or notice 
CO make known to, to inform or tell 1 
of any mitter. 

ACKk'PULk Uu^irdK*^ Gr.] a 
medy by way of* prevention of diuok 
nefs ard furfeicif«. L. 

A'CRB, an a A of parliament madi 
the time of king Edward I. ordaii 
that an acre of land fliould com^tin : 
perches or poles to bs made cqc Cq\u 
or 4840 yards fquare, or ^IS^o feecfqus 
but in divers pi c<-s in this kingdom t 
has been altered by cuftom, by vary 
perches in the number of §eer, as 18,- 
24, and fometimes a8 feet to the pei 

ACRIBI'A [muc^/MeL, Gr.J an e^q 
fi(e or delirt^e accuracy. 

ACRIDO'PHAGI [of Mtpi/tc loco 
and faynr^ Gr, to etc] a people of AUi 
pia% that fed principally on locufts, wh 
they took ard falted in the fpring of 
year for their (ianding food vtbe reA 

kCKO\i ^hatkum [with Botami 
the herb 'Miltoil or Yarrow. 

A'CROPIS [of iiL^f^ the ht|h 
pitch or tip, and e^l") Or* the Toicel 
inarticulation of the voice ariiieg 2r 
an imperle&ionin the end of the tong' 

ACROPOSTHI'A of in^^ and arc 
the prepuce, <rr.J the extremity ot i 
prepuce or skin of the yard. 

ACRO'PSILON [of ixf§^ and 4*? 
Gr. naked] the extremity of Kh^GU 

ACRO'SPIRBD [with MaUfersJ 
term ufed of bailey, which in malti 
fpffottfa at the upper or blade end. 

ACROTERES [ii«p674e*«, Gr.l 

ACROTB'RIA [with Anaumfts) t 
urmofl pans of a man's body ; as his 
gers ends, Jfjrc. 

ACROTERIA'SMUS [of «fa^7i^« 
dzfmJn^jid^m, 6r. to cut off the evtre 
pans] the amputation ot cutting off any 
the extreme parts. 

To ACT IdBum, fup# of. ago^ L«] 
do, operate or perform. 

ACT [in PbyficJisI an effeaive ex 
cifc, or application of fooe pow«r 


ACT of Faith [in the inqutftctoa 
Spain] a foiemn day held by the iaf 
fi:ors for the paniihment»f fnchartl' 
declare Hercticksy and the abfolmion 
the innocent ucuied, called by them A 
de Ff. 

ACT [with Metapbjficiant'} is tbar 
which a being is in real a&ion $ ib A 
ntng is an a^, not as ic u in the po 

Digitized by LjOOQ IC 

f AC 

lif ttf MC, knc nskU r«dly per- 


, kaSk fvitk BoimHis3 die kerb 
i«A«0R,arinM)7eUer, 1^ 
\ iCT£ON, cte potts teii us, tbar Xf- 
liavtf oaiferaed iivo a buck (azid 
vjapiecei by kis own d«fs) hj Di- 
mi hiskkthifftned to fee ber ntked 
hifeiK kefcli Tbc truck ofthb Ubie 
kt Mm Mii A mmiciArcsdia, a greet 
lmoti^nikfmdB%, end bykee^ 
■f any iogs, an4 lading his time in 
iBif oeike oioaflieins, be encirely neg- 
WtBdeneftick tfiairs. For u that 
teaci did their work them<elvet, not 
i^Bf oiforriss. but tiil'd their own 
NHmfelfcs and be vaa tccouoccd 
ii nikft attii end moft commended, 
Msviicbeaaft laboriottic Bat jlSdan 
bi«t«B Vfn boociiy, negfeaed bis 
■^liun, tod eoofiimed what Otould 
ipi reifi i ii a c d faim, end wben all be 
Uvnvtfted^ was every where called 
MiM JUm^ wko was deToared by 
■•••^i, « we cell a rake t wretch- 
liMB, vko K brought lo poverty by 

Ml [wick Bctamfh;} the elder- 

KmiG [wkk I^k'ims] U the fifth 
•iteGk!^iei, cirber in itfcU, as dan- 

■!» •Angt ftsflPini^, hvhigt fffc. or 

^ 1 ACTION [with PbHofb^ 

^i^rtjfidmu'i an aaioa that does 
J ^oi OB the will, as the heating 
J^^feife, ihecifciilAdOB of the blood, 

^^ ACnON [with TlnU^pbeTt^ 
l^v^ii dbeded by the will, as hto. 
% Isi^t moang. IgfC. 

.ACTION [io lam] the proceTs or form 
■«fcc giieo to recover a righf* 

'weawt ACTION 1 [in Ld»] is 

MnJ ACTION I that which 
^^^ kgm doabt in the principal ; 
*"fpafc a i»in foes a younger brother 
^H ^eiceoded Irom his tether, and 
7^ if HMde that he is a baftard, 
^MiT^ mxA be Era t7*d« and 
^ 4e idion is caUed Tteyidida. 

>rf ACTION [in Lam] is when 

R"**UoQ it in part real, and in part 
i andlikewife % Aitt given by the 
fsooter a thing derained, and da- 
9 bi the wrong fuftainedy as an 

^^ACnON [iBXev] fuchas a?ms 
P^ pe&alcy or paaflmienc to be laid 
C^ ftny (M, •Uhtr corpoitls or by 


tends OQ^ to the recovery of thait which 
by contra^, ^. h due, as money lent. 

^ Jfirfinal ACTION [in Ijm] U an »€« 
tion which one man may have aga'nft 
another for any wrong done to his perf3n, 
or any ba<'gain, or nnoney for goods. 

PopuUr ACTION Qn Lam^ one given 
upon the breach of lome peoal ftaiute, 
by which any man th^c will, ma^ fue for 
h'mfelf, and the kinj; by tnformaticn, ]5)rc. 

lUal ACTION [in lam} fuch an one, 
whereby one claims a tide to lands and 
tenements, )^c. in fee-fimple, fiee-tail or 
for term of lite. 

ACTION [of a ffVirl is a term made 
uTe of when a perfon pleads fome mit- 
ter, by which he ftews that the plaintiff 
had ne caufe to have the writ that ht 

ACTION Auncfftrel [in Lam]^ is aa 
afiion which we have bv fome right de« 
fcendiog from our anceftors. 

ACTION tipon the cafi [in Lam'] a 
writ brought tor an offence done without 
force agaii^ any mm $ as for defamation, 
no»>perf3rm9Dce of promife, or fome o- 
tber mti<ieineanor. 

ACTION upon the cafe for mords^ n 
brought where a perfon is Injured e-id 
defamedy or for words fpoken which af' 
fed a peribn^s life, ofBce or trade, or 
to his lofs ot preferment in marriage, 
fervice, or which occefioo any panlcuTar 

ACTION «|»eR the fiatute- [Lam term] 
an adion brought upon the breach of a 
ftatute, as where perjury is commie ted co 
the prejudice of another. 

ACTION of a borfe [Borfemartfhif] is 
the agitation of che tongue or mandtblet 
by champing on the bridle, which is a 
token oi mettle. 

ACTION [with rahaers and Carvers] 
the poft re of the figure, or that is ex- 
prefled by the difpofition of its parts, 
or the paiHon that appears in the face 
of it. 

ACTION [in Poetry] is an event, ei- 
ther real or imaginary, which makes the 
fubjeft of a Drama tick or Epick poem, 

ACTION [in an Epick Ptm" is rec- 
koned the fecond pans and this a£t.on, 
which is presented by the reciral, muft 
be Hniverfalt imitated, feigned, and the 
allegory of a moral truth 

ACTION [in Commerce^ or of e Com- 
pany] is a part or Ihare in the ftock of 
a company i the fame in France^ » Aaret 
or fubr-riptions in England \sf^^ alfo the 
obligation, Inflrument er bill, which the 
direaors of fuch companies deliver to 
thofe who pa? money into iheir ftock. 

Digitized by vjC — j. -- - 



IICTION [with Or^ftovi] It thf ortitor'i 
^ccommodacang hi^ perfdn to his fvibjtSt i 
Or che managenient of his voice and gd- 
tme All cable to the matcer he delivers. 

ACTION [io Orators} rome gite di- 

I. To hold ont the hand when yoa 
fptfak of begging s up when you fpeak 
of praying. 

6. To beat down the hand wh^ anger 
if ipoken of or difplay'd* 

3. To clap the hands together io fpcak* 
log of any thii^ wondjprmlt 

4. To open one or b6(h hands when 3rott 
would make any thing plain. 

5. To draw the arms back clofe to the 
fides when any thing i< requeued. ^ 
' 6, To put forth the fore-finger in ^9- 

7. To turn down the firft finger in ur- 

8. To put up the fame for threatening. 

9. To put ottc the middle finger for 

10. To touch the left thumb with the 
Index of the right haod> io reafoning vod 

91. To touch a finger with the other 
liaqd in difttnguiihing and numbering. . 
- XI. To bring the hand cowards one in 
fpeaking of himfelf. 

■ xB* To move the hand towards the 
Ilea d in fpeakine of underilanding ; to- 
%vards the breatt when fpeaking of the 
will) foul or afFe^ion. 

X4. To ibid the arms when fadoefs is 

ACTION rio Mfetabbjficlts) h an acci- 
dent, by which a thing is iaid to a£^. 
' ACTIO^ nmmment [in Meu^kjficlis'} 
|S an a&iob chat does not pais trom the 
Menc to another fubjcA, as widerfiaada^^ 
iiinkingy ^c. 

7 ACTION ^¥al^f^t [in Metapbificls] is 
that which pa(Tes irom one fubje& to ao- 
Dther, tsftriking, 

Necegary moral ACTIONS [in Etkicks} 
•re when the f erfon, to whom the law 
Ur Comai9nd is givv^n. Is bound abfoluce- 
ly to perform it by viitue bf the law of 
the fuperiour. 

' ACTIONS moraV^y good [in Etbicks} 
%X9r fnch as are agreeable to the law. 
' ACTION^ moTAlly evil [in Exbicht] 
grerfuch as are difdgreeable to the law. 
A'CTIONARYf the proprietor of an 
A'CTIONI^T I aaion or aaions or 
fhares of a company's flock. 
' A CTIVENESS [oaaitM, L ] nimble- 
1ief9, readioefs or propeniuy ro sd. < 
' Sphere ^f A^TVyirY ofn My, is 
Ihas (pace which furrounds it, fo lar as 
Vie virtue or efficacy of it extends god 
' -' I »ny f9nfible oflfeS. 

iJCrtJAL fift [with SuKgionsJ 
ft couch, as Ore 
or fearing irons. 

which burns ac fiift couch, as 



ACTUO'SH [aauofiu, L.] very buTy. 
To A'CUATfi [aoMim, L.] co fli^ 
ACU'TE decent^ fee 4CC^* 
ACVTE angle [in Geo- 
metry'] any angle lefs chaa 
a right angle; or coo* 
cainmg lefs than 90 de- 

ACUTH iiagled triangle 
[in Trgonometry] a tii«i- 
gle which has all its angles 
acute, ts 

Xo>l4, Gr.] an improper way of 
tog } a bull* 

AD, ac the beginning of £^£i^ propi 
names, fignifies the fame with ad or tipn 
with the Latint, and io A4^ fignifies 1 
Tome ilone, Adhill near or ac fome hil 

A'DAD nnK, Syr. i.e. the one] 
deity of the ^ffrians, the /iei, rhey ra 
koned the earth to be his wifei whtc 
they caird the goddeis MargUes. 

ADADUNfi'PHROS [of ^Ta^O' an 

H^for, Or. ft kidney] a precioin fton 

reiembling a kidney. 

ADA'LIDBS, AdMc/l^ military officers. 

ADA'NlMAT£P[tfd4ni»iMi,L.J heoj 

tenedi encoocagetft 

ADAPfi'RTILB [adapertilitfh.J eal 
CO he opeded. 
To ADA'PTATE lad4^tatum, L J co fi 
ADDERS graf$t an herb. 
ADDER'j iVort, on herb. 
ABDl'TAMENT [additamentum, L.} 
thing added ; an advance, an encreafe. 
ADDICTIONS ofEfiate or quaiity [i 
a Lam fenfe] are yeomao^ genclemftn 
efqutre, Ufc. 

ADDITIONS [pi Degree'] the fiamei 
names of dignity, as duke, earl, ^fc, 

ADDITIONS [of Flace] ts fuch 
perfon ol Landany Brifiol^ \0c. 

ADDLE ; of abei, Sax^ a difeaie, or < 

ablian. Sax. to be fickj empty or rotter 

commonly faid of eggs, q. d. a fick egg. 

A'DDtE, the dry lees of wine. 

ADDLB.ifar4idr<f» empcy<iciiU'd, fiUj 


To ADDOUaCE [addamr^V. of jt 
and diilcit^ L.] to fWeeceoi alio to fo6ea 
ADDU'CENT ladduutu, L.] drowiiH 
or leading to. 
ADDUCENT Uncles, (be AdduShrei 

with JBUttomuts 

a mufcle of the eye, io called from cb 
drawing the pupti or apple of the ey 
towards the nofe} the fame isalfo calJf 
Biirfori^iUt hK«uii| U dirffti the ey 
* CQwartf 

Digitized by VnOOQlC 

^RHidtop when t perfen it dffiakiiif . 

MKTCTOK roiiku ijtmtmjfj a 
■idc «ifa| ia common wich the A^ 
MrMcut aicendiog obltqutly to lit 
kUmt at the upper pvc of the fiift 
toe (j the ihomb. Its ule is to bring the 
ttHbacuei to the foie-finger. I.. 

iDOOCTORPofficri F^'j ^jkuttmigf^ 
ladbk of the giett toe arifing from the 
W puts oi the Oi amelftrme tertiumy 
larf ii iflfened to the Cffd Stfwmdea ol 
iht freu coca betag o^o&ta laterally to 
^AUbrFoiimpedu^ Its nfe it to 
kii tie gretc toe nearer to the reft* 

iKlPHIDES ['A/t\f«/k, Or.] a 
\m oi ptlffl uee, whofe Irak 1ms t^c 
nfteof igs. 

AOENOrOES [of «/■» aod T#/^, 
%i IB cfithet applied to the PrqfiaU. 

ADE^ [uBQog the MflmauJ a god. 
^ to whan they alcribed the care and 
PBe^eoryoong childiens wbofecbarBe 
*■» that when the child ooold go well, 
I Aooi so to the mother and make much 
MHM the oiother of the em- 

built her a fmnptuoiu 

II kr. 

AOEO^A [amoBg the Rcmansl ^ 

(^ vorftippad lor liberty of acoe6, 

»{.£>r|oiagtoaperibnor^ace« JL. 

AOffHAGl'A l['A/ff«>i«, Gr-2 

ADDOttACrA r aaeating to the EU, 

AtEPS, Ck, tallow, mare. X. 

ADEPS [with AmMifisI a fmallei 
^otdhtbodydifteriog from fingited^^ 
» tte ac ii e fiibft^nce thicker, harder, 
^ man earthy. It flows from the blood 
<k^^liarveirelsiatobagsor blad- 
tevJach receive ir. 

iDEqOATE [M£qi»msj L.] ibme. 
^ Cfttl CO or co^exteoded with ano* 
1^1 wk fiUiog the whole meafure and 

To he ADEQUATBf it to be every 
^ i^. It CO capacity, extent of power, 
*Mli other propertiet; neither ftlliog 
PR of it, nor exceeding it in any pare. 

A'DIQUATENESS [of aUfmui^ L.] 

i'myUwt o^m pfha. end Uh9, 
^to fce, becanie of itt darkneftj the 
Ufi hdl, or hell tcfelf} fo called oi 
*^Qf Sfirutf who employed a great 
^ aea in digging m'net, where mod 
<^^ dying, he was called the god of 

I ** — ^» lor d O' owner. 
ADFETTBD fdiffSMS, W] compound. 
^tlON IsAd^, L.j a deaviug 
• Kckiiig onto. 
A»HE'$!ON 1 fin Natural TbiJofo- 
ttifi'V^Cfi I ^^] figai&et the ftate 

A D 

of two bodiei, which are Joined or &fteft^ 
ed to each other, either l>y the mutual in- 
terpofition of their own partt, or the com« 
preffioa oft eitemal bodiet. 

ADI'ANTUM [(^/U7tf. Gr.'] the herb 
maiden-hair, fo called, becaufe iu leaves 
take no wee A* 

ADIATHORA r *A/<l<r>0^ Of^ 1 
thin|t fodiiereoc, neicher commaoded ner 
forbaddeq» wbich» while they are fnch« 
perfeos are at libercy to do, or not to do* 

ADIA'PHORIST ( of « and /i«MMfl«s 
GTo'] a moderate or indifferent perfon. 

ADIAPHORISTS, « name given to 
thofe iMtberans^ who adhered to the ien- 
ttmentt of MeUmcbton^ and afterwardt co 
thofe who fublcrib'd the interim of 
Cibtfri^r V. 

ADIA'PHORY ['A/i«fte*<<» Gr* ] « 
fort of eafineft or cool inclination, at to 
the choice of one thing before another i 
cool afie6HoQ or behaviour towards ano* 
ther peribn. 

ADJB'CTION, acaftingto. X. 

ADJOU'RNMBNT in Eyre [tarn Term) 
an appointment of a day, when the jufU- 
cet in Eyre meet to fit again. 

A1>lPSA L*A/i4«, Grq nvB^ciaes or 
Juleps to quench thirft. 

ADIPSA'THBON f'Ai'f^^tn^ Gr.1 
s kind of branchy flirub fnU of thorns and 

ADITION, a going or coming nigh t«. 

To AJ>jUl>ICATfi ladj^tcstm, t,] 
to adjudge, te award. 

To ADJU'GATB [iU^Mmt LO ^ 
yoke or couple to. 

A1>JUNCT fadumaum, L.1 

ADJUNCT ladumams^ L.] joined tob 

ADJUNCT [in Civil Omcenu] a col- 
legue or fellow officer, aflbciated to ano- 
ther, te affift him in his office* or (• 

ADJU'NCT[wlth TbibffUpheri) whac<* 
ever does not naturally and efienuaUy be* 
loos to a being, but is adjoined or added 
to It over and above. 

ADJU'NCTIOM, a coupling or joininf 
to. 1. 

ADJU'NCTIVB ladiuMvus^ L.] fob- 

ADJurrOR, a helper or affifter. 1. 

ADJUTCRIUM [in the MedicinalJnJ 
a means of cure, fubfervient to others of 
more importance. 

ADjurrORY ladjmviuM, I.] aiding* 
affiftiog, helping. 

AD^TRIX, a flie-helper. X. 

ADXARGUM fUm Term] at lane. X« 
ADMI'NiCLfi [ddMtiiicic/iMi, L.J aid, 

help, fupport, fuccour. 
ADMINISTRA'TIVB {admimfirativui^ 

L.] pcitaioing to adouniftrauon, 


Digitized by VjOOQ [ ^ 


IDMWISTRATTOR [in Foltty'} one 
mho has the managemeoc of publick af- 
Itf rs, inftead of a foverelgn prince 

wiftratar and Ship^ t termination fignitying 
^fificej the effi<.e of tnadroinlftrator. 

ADMIRABI'LITY [admrahilitas , L.] 

A^MIRABLBNESS, marTtlloufoefs, 
wonderful nefs. 

9£at A'DMIRAt, the admiral of the 
thirdiquttdron in a royal fleet, who carries 
bis flag with the arms of his country in 
tfbe mvtien lop of his fliip. 

Vice ADMIRAL, another of the three 
^ndpal officers of a ro/tl ^^yy, that 
cemmandsthefecondrquadron, and carries 
hi* fl«g in hts fhip's tore.tep. 

A'DMIRALTY Court, the chief conrt 
•t Jjmdon of the lord htgh-admira1,'ere6l- 
cd for deciding maricxmc concroverfirs, 
trttl of malefactors for crlnes committed 
on the hi((h-fea, \ifc» 

ADMrRATIVB, of or pertaining to 
• ADMOTION, a moving to. 1. 

ADMCVENT [admovetu, L.] moving 


ADMURMURATlON, a murmuring 

ADNASCE'NTIA [ w|ih jtudtomfis ] 
branches chat fprouc out of the main ftock, 
tttheveinf and anerxes. 

ADNASCENTIA [wi'h Botaiufii'} thofe 
cxcrefcencies, which grow under the 
earthy as in the Lily, Harc'iffus, Byacintb, 
fffc which afterwards become true roots. 

ADNATA Twi'tCd lAnatomy] tbecotn- 
sion membrane orcoac of (be eye, which 
arifing from the skull, adheres to the ex 
temal part of the Tmiica Comedy leaving 
a rowid hollow (pace forward, that the 
▼ifibic fpecies may pafs there. To wSiich 
another namelefs coat, made up of the 
tendons of thofe mufcles which move the 
aye, is joined. It is called alfo albuginea 
«xJ con}un8iva, 

ADNI'HILATED I ddaibiUtuf, L. ] 
made void* fruflrated. 

ADNO'BILATED £ ddnuBtlatus, L. ] 
darkened or clouded. 

ADO^A, feftivals celebrated in ho> 
•our of AdoniM ; whereto the women imi- 
tated the lamentarion of Venus t for the 
(Seath of Adonis^ and when they were tired 
with this, they changed their notes, fung 
his praifes, and made rejoycings, as i( he 
were raifed to life again. 

Thefe feftivals were held at Athens, 
and likewife at Alexandria, where his 
image nfed to be carried about the city 
In great flate; bat the g rent eft folemnicy 
was in !j/riu^ where were migh^ lameo- 


tationt for one day for the loA of Uoif 
tod as much rejoicing the next, when ic 
was pretended that letters came rbac he 
was alive and taken up into heaven. 

ADO'NICK Verfe [fo called on «c- 
court of its being- a kind of V^e firft 
compofed for bewailing of Adonis] this 
fort of verfe confifts only of a DaJE^t and 
a spondee s and is rarely ufed, but at the 
encf o\ every ftrrphe or ftram in Sapphicks s 
as J^rruit Vrhem, Hor. 

ADO'NIS was a beautiibl young fhep* 
herd, the fon of (ynaras kiig of cypre/s, 
and his daughter A^rr^s who ufed to be 
much upon the mountain Liltanus, whi- 
ther Venus is fatd otten to defcend to 
meet liim ; Mars envyinp htm, ^etng his 
rival, and theiero»e t«rning himfelf inro a 
wild boar, one day as Adonis was hanting, 
ftmck him into the groin with his tusk 
and kiird h'm. Venus hearing his dying 
voice haftened to his alEftance, aao by 
Che way prick'd her foot with a thorn» 
and the Mood fslli'*g upon a rofe, ttimed 
it from a lily co our to a carnation i the 
goddefs laid his body in foft lettuce, and 
bevi'ailM his death alter an unufual man- 
ner, and changed his blood which was Ibed 
on the ground, into the flower called the 
anemone. Vttius afer this went herfelf 
in-^o hell, where fhe obtain'd o(preferpme^ 
th^t Adonis might be with her 6 months in 
the heavens, and he fliould remain the 
o:her6 months in the infernal regiors. 

By Adonii, mythologifts mea:< the Am, 
who d rng the fummer figp5 is with Vt^ 
futst rhat ts, with the ea^th we inhabit § 
but during the other 6 is in a manner ab- 
fert from us ; or elfe the^ by Adonis un- 
derftmd corn which is hid 6 months un- 
der ground, before the coming of the 
time of harvefl. And by the Boar thac 
killed Adonis J they u.iderftand the winter, 
when his beams are o^ no force to ex- 
pet rhe cold, which is the enemy of Ado- 
nis and Venus ^ i»e. of beauty and pro- 

ADO'NtUM, an herb which the poera 
fe'gn CO have iprung up from the Uood of 

ADONIUM [with Botonifis^ foothem* 

ADOPTI'Vf "I an ancient fed fo cal- 

ADOPT! A'NI J led, on account of the 
manner wherein they conceived our SaW* 
our to be rhe fon of G >d, 

A'DOR, a kind of pure bearded wheat, 
which the annents ufed in facrifires. 

ADO'RABLENESS [of adorMlis^ h.'} 
worrhinefs to be adored. 

ADO'RNMfiNTi adomiog> omimeatf^ 


Digitized by VnOOQlC 


^ iboSCDL ATIQN [in BdUmf] t foSn^ 
eg or ttiercwi «f one p«rt of a ptanc 

iDSACANT. Setjyggdcantb. 
IDRA'STIA. oiherwife cal «d Erymh, 
acEaniog co tbe poect the dtughter of 
JafipT md Nbe^tStff the revefificr of im- 
fiedb, tbac laid b«ld of all fouls* not- 
»yhtfMSn|^ iteir ▼mrioos cams and fub^ 
, aai brou^i tfaein to }uftice and 
Ct WK^ fiank ckcm into the moft 
of, tod eternal dark- 

MDKY' [a ami bni^^e. £fx.] tUrfty. 

lOSTA'MTES, &e^at£. 

WYA-NCfi, i«/> [ FarufedtionJ a (fitefa 
•f vasar rounrf liie efplanatfe or gltiC:s of 
s pface 19 pceveac ics being Airpriaed by 
dit be«eg»^ 

. ADVANTA'CEOUSN'^SS [of admi- 
t^pKx.F.] profiiableaefs. 
^ ADTfiNTI'TlA itef, a dowry or por- 
BOB fiaca co a ironan by fome other 
tHtai^ befideaKer parenu. Z*. 

ADVENTITIOUS [in the Crvil Jjm] 
ktf^ia^ to fiKhfoods as fall to a per- 
6atithcr bf Men fbnnae, or the Ube- 
n%of a ttraerer, or by collaceral fuc- 
if€q»^ tBoppofiticMi to PfofeSuimut U e. 
iidk Modi aa deficeod. in a 4kst€t UiMy 
&•■ tachter CO foib 

ADVENTlTlOUSGtedttJ^i f^teffwin] 
thife kvmaia vbkh are roaMtbing an^r 
dbt tnnhoAcA In the neck, as the King's- 

AP VENTREM In/pic'iMdum [Z^j a 
CKm writ in the ftatate o{ Effoins* 
AOTE'NTURBSOM, bold, danog» ha- 

NBx. F.l Ten'ttreCbmneis. 

AfifV^SABLE ladverfailis^ L.] that 
m adfetfe or contrary to. 

AOVE&SA'RIA , e common • place* 
hMh L. 

ADVE'RTENCB [of advertere, 1.] 
aatodon, iieodfttloefs, mftKlfDlee6« 

AI>n'GII.ANC£ ladwgilantia^ L.] a 
9S%i m wacchiog* 

ADvr$AU.£NES$ [of 4nif^^^ F. 
ni u^y leripinacion] -gniefs to be 
iWM^ d<3kin, }ge* expediency. • 

IDVl^SfiDNEsS [of aviftr, FJ con- 

iI>Vi'SEMBMT, confolcaiion. 
ADOLAnriON» fiiwning. flttcer.y» £. 
APBl-TNESS {oi adaltus, L.] the be- 
ii^trotmeo ripeneisot years* 
ADITLTERANT ladukeranty L.jadul- 

ADUXTERATED [aduUermiUf L.} 
CBriapii^ marred, fpoiled, couDterfcic, 
Mrii of • Met aiUoy or mixcurct 


AnCtTERATEMfiSS^ btleiiefior ookm-^ 

ADU'LTERINE [mCiviilam] a child 
iflued fromao adulceroas aaaour orcom* 

ADO'LTERY [with fome whimfical 
4firoiiamer4l a term ufed of an edipre of 
cbemoon^ which (as they fuppofe) hap. 
pena in an oniifual and irregular maiaier, 
as hoiiLOntal eclipfes, where though the 
fon and moon are diamerricaUy oppofice^ 
yet by reaTon of the retra£btoD,they appear 
as if above the horizon. 

ADU^MBRANT ladumhrnt, L.] An- 

when any figure in a coai*armour d horn 
{q ihadowed or oblcured, that nothing » 
viable but the baie purfila, or (as the 
painters « all i() the out-lines when thU 
happens, ir is faid to be adwrirated, 

ADUKATiON', an uoitii^ or gather' 
ing together. L- 

ierd A'DVOCATB [in SC&tloHifi an 
officer of ftace, appointed by che king do 
advife about the making and axeciKing 
Zjop,; to defend hia right and tnceieft in 
all publick affembliesy to proiecace capital 
crimes, Jfjrr. 

^&of} ADVOCATES {^ 
college c jnGftiof of z8o, appointed to 
plea^ in a!l a£^ions before the loids 0( 

A'DVOCATESHIP [of avac^^ F. 4td' 
VQcatut^ L. and Ship] the office ol an ad^ 

ADVOtA'TlON la flying towaida* W 


ADVOLU'TION. a ro'ling towards. I- 

toKOVCy^yjammer, F.] thus he is 

ToAVO'W ffaid to mnw, who ha- 
ving taken a dsftreis for rent, ^c. }nfti« 
Jfies or maintains che aft, after the paatjr 
diftrained has fued a replevin to have his 
goodt again. 

kDV'St [in a Miledscmal Sen/if'} the 
blood, whe<) by reafon of its exceffivo 
hear, the thinner pans of it fteom throuala 
in vapours, che thicker remaining black, 
and full of dregs, as if parch d or ^rnt; 
when rp, it is /aid to be aduft« 

iEA'CBA, folemn feafts and combats ce« 
lebrared in JCgina, in honour of jEaciu. 

£'ACUS [ot 'Aiatai<'«co beat, ordiJ^m 
to lament] according to the poets, was 
the fen of Jupiter and Eteropa, or Egijuh 
The Painimj fuppofei him to be of fuch 
juftice» chat he was appointed, by Flat9 
to be one of the judges of Hellp with JCi- 
««/ and U.hadittantbu*, to difcufs the 
cranfj;re£ons o^ dead men, and to aiiign fo 
them punifluncnu according to their mo^ 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 


It wtt fall CO be decreed by /okv » that 
Macu* Oieuld judge the EuTopeaaSf Rh^ 
damaatbus^ the ^iaticli^ and chtt the 
office of Mmas fliould be, whco any thing 
Was difficoU to take the matter into his 
cognittnce end give the dedfive fentence : 
And therefore Maciu and Bbadamambus 
had only pUtn rods : Bi t JMinoi Cat above 
them in a throne by himfeifi and held a 
golden (centre. 

When the dead were entred fhatft pa- 
. laoe» they were brought before thefe three 
feirere and ]aft Judges* who examining 
into the tAions of their lives, might al- 
lot them rewards and puniflimenu accord- 
ing to their demerits. 

The place of iudicature is repreieated to 


ABL la SAxm partide, accocdtfiir tm 

ifiLF I the different dialed is pron#iJo« 
cedU//; Widf^ Hidf, Biif ot HHf, ^^ 
fignifies the fame that we pronounce Heip i 
fo Atmin is vi^borioas help % A^lwoUt an 
auxiliary goveroour s Atlfjjjend^ a givcc 
of aid or aJGHftancq^ 

AB'LLO ['Aswi, Qt^ a whtrlwind oi 
ftorm] one of the Jiarpies or tnoAftroui 
birds^ mentioned by the poets; £; 

iENl'OMA {'kiuyua.^ Gri\ an Intri^ 
cate or difficult queftien, a riddle. £• 

the fon of Jupiter and Actjia^ *ho being 
god of the winds, had his refidenre in 

be a large meadow called the field of one of the iflands near Skikft called Strmi' 
SfVutibsOut of which were two palTages, one gjU^ where he is teigned to have kept 
leading to iht Elyfian Fields^ and the other The winds clofe prifonert in a cave, giv« 
CO Tartarus. ing them liberty when be thought coih 

ACHMALOTA'RCHA ['Ai«/uetXo'r<i^- venient. 

XJ^y of 'Ai«/uftXoTo»> Gr. to lead captive, 
and Afx^ a chief J the chief or leader of 

i£DOI'CA Vlcera [with Surgeom'] ul- 
cers or fores about the privy parts; bu- 
boes, Aankers. 

JE^GILOPS ['Ai>j\»+, of-w>if. Geo. 
•f «i(agoat^ and d4 an eye, Gr.J darnel, 
wild oara. 

iEGl'PYROS C^tyirvpO*, of «8if and 
mtift Or. fire] the herb buck*wbeat, reft 
harrow or cammock. 

iEGI'RiNON pAiTWe^Wi Cr."] an 
eintment made of the black poplar tree* 

JE'OLE, one of the daughters of #2r/. 
perut^ who were called Be/jferideSt who 
according to the poets had gardens, cal- 
led from them the Hefprian gardens in 
which grew golden apples, that were 
guarded by a watchful dragon* 

jEGO'CERAS {'AtykMfQ'^ Gr.J the 
iierb foenugreek. 

JEGCCERAS [•Ai>J«i0ef, Gt.'] the 
fign Capricorn. 

AGOLB'THRON ['AiyoXl^p^-.Gr.] 
m flow«r, a fort of crow-ioot. JL 

iEG</NICHON idr^f^X^y <'^'l ^^^ 
hierb gremwel. L» 

iECOPHTHA'LMOS ['Ai^of^^Xfi®-, 
6r. j a precious ftone fefembliog the eye 
•f a gott* 

JEOYPTl'ACA 9 [with Botamfisli 

dEGYPTI^ACUM ^ of the produft or 

AGTPTI'ACUS J growth of Egypt. 

£L 1 tin compound names, is a Saxon 

AL I panicle, and fignines all or al- 
together, as «■£? does in Greek* JElpin 
figuifies altogether conqueror, JElbejir 
all-illuftfious, Aldred altogether revo* 
lend, J^ed altogether pe^cefulf 

The moral of this fs, MaJut was onca 
lord of the feven iflands oa the weft pari 
of Sicily^ and being well skiil'd in diW^^ 
oing from what coafts the winds would 
blow, which he conjedured from finoak 
afcending irom the Motion iflands, and oi 
the fiery eruptions, .could foretel ftonnl 
and tempefts, and what winds would rale 
for fuch a feaibn i for before the foutfi 
wand blew, the iiland Lipara would be 
covered with a thick cloud ; and beforv 
the north, the ifle would fend forth cleai 
flames, with exceeding great noife and 
roaring. Some faid that Strongyle others 
that Lipara was the habiration andwork- 
faoufe of Vulcan, and this they thonglM 
confirmed by the ftones that were thrown 
out upon it by fiery eruptions. The 
ancients osM to lay down rough iron, and 
the reward for workimj; it into fwonAi 
or other neceflary utenuls^ and are re. 
ported to find them ready made upon the 
fliore the next momlng. This gave the 
Poets a handle tp make him Idog of the 

JEO'Lll SCLOPB, a wind moskef, 
which will iboot buUeta with wind and 
air, as forcibly as with powder. 

iE'ON [Aw, Gu age] the durition •{ 
a thing. 

iE'QNS, from the Ideas which are ima- 
ained to be ia Gad, fome hereticks per* 
lonifying them* and fieigning them dinbiA 
from God, and to have been produotd 
by him, fome male and others female, 
of an auemblage of thefe theyiiave com- 
pofed a deity, which they called TUJ^fUfi^d^ 
Gr. i. e. tulnefs. 

iEQUILl'BRIUM [in MecbanAs] k 

when equal weights at equal diftaacea, 

I or Qoe^inl weigbtt at ttncfual difkaoceag 

Digitized by LnOOQlC 




^ Ac inns 01 »». y ^rtt ^T, - 



^ f^'^*'' ^"U of water in the open air, ihtf 
^^^^pofedrhcir queftion in t fmall, whit 

/i/«iiflj«<«>«i»T ■' 

\ «««( 



^^ ««**^ Jriaia ""»« °^ date 
•*^I|?*-i^-JLfr^« new ynr . ^, 

^ rcckonuJJ (ime 

L«! paitkmlax ^ 

tDd jwrt. ^ . ^ word is thought to 

J3rf£3/Al* ^fo^f^S iultial letters A. E. 

t-A. hrr 



their Jha from 

-There mre«»any^^'/*^>y 
***/2^T\£e n»<'*^ eminent of which 

^■^ £ ^-K^ cTcaiion of the world, 

-=.*. h'V^-^^yfounh /ay of ihe 
«» ^ - vrtiich fome place 3951 

io# OSaivr, 


^TL" faJrtb of Chriit, others 
•dwft*^^*.*' jgra* from fh« binh 

'5»^f«^* ^*^^ or tt^irrf, which they 

j^w^^ ^rom the building of 

^ j2r 'b«i»» -^"' «, and is 

^-re C**'!^* » "me. 

* ^^* SS^jmra or tttfirrf, which they 

T^^*'*»"'^|w«»irt'sfl'6ht, begins the 

16" ^-^^I, c«»« Olyff^^s bcgJM from 

Tie ii/* ^ -^ ^ j^0 fummer folttice 777 

Muem ^^'^^lI biffh ol Cbrifl. Thij 

'•*' fcefOTB ^j^ifiiiu is chiefly ufed by 

6b* b''*^'i*25fe*'*^» « ''^'^ '^'^^ch re 
aTJIAl. r^^^cakened and diminiflied 
•6»tV>**** fl^ir diftance from the 
ai?ap9fsta0 c*' 

*r^ -;«-r or ^^^ ^^ goftawks. 

»» w- **^V rdUMt^mS*,^ of «i»^ 

in0^^^fJ^*Tr-f^cy, Gr.2 ^ 
^ ^, fl00 ^re «▼«»*• "^"* ^"'^ ' 
wfdJa$ ^^Ir «pfr««r«nce8 in the Air, 
SJttTr <^%t^rthey iolded their 

y- Ting voice, at which rime if the watef 
^^il'd Of fermented, they thought what 
^«xcy had fpoken of was approved and 

AEROME'LI [of AJff and ^xi, GrQ 
Oianna, honey-dew. 

AEROMETRl'A [*ir/>oyui*fe*<*. Gr.J chd 
%rt of meafuring (he air, its. powers aad 
properties s ic i. eludes the laws of tbo 
mocion,^ gravicatloo, preffio.i, elafUcitf^ 
rarefa£Uon» condenfation, iffci of tliac 

-ffSO'STUM, calcined copper* X. 

iESCUJLA'PlUS l'A<rK\krt^ of *prl. 
VHtive, and tk «4\Xt«i»aj, bccaufc he • 
luffcrs not to diej the ppeis make hini 
the fon of Jp^llo by the nympb Coroitis, 
whom ApoUo kAl'd with an arrow whild 
'^e jfras big with child, be^aufe (he had 
admitted another to h^r bed, but pre- 
fer v'd the ch Id by cutting ic out of her 
womb, and afterwards 'twas fuckled by t 

Others {.y, that AfcuUpiui was a poof 
infant, whom his ciuel parents being 
2fl)am*d to own, laid in a wood near £^/* 
daurus* and was fortunately, found bf 
<ome huntfmen, who obferving a lam bene 
flame about its head, they accounti.g ic 
a prognoftick that the child would prove 
in lime an emine.t perfon» put him to 
nurfe to a woman named Trigo, Being 
grown up, he ftud'ed phyfick under CbiroA 
Che CenUOify and proved h great a pro- 
Bcieni in the ait, that he obtained the 
iHle of the god of phvhck. 

He had a temple builc to him in actr)^ 
«f the Romans named Tetrapol'is^ which 
was enrich 'd with noble piefems, offered 
by perfons, who alcribM their recovery 
out of dangerous fickneffes to AfctdapiuMi 
And the wails of this temple were hung, 
and iu a manner hid, with memoriitls of 
miracles done by him. 

The Grecians celebrated plays to hint 
every five years, nine days after the Jfib-' 
mean games io the woods near the chf 
fpidaurus, JBfcuiapius was worfliipped 
under the form of a ferpent by the JEo* 
0i«iii, who, when the city o£ RoMe was 
l^rievoufly affli&ed with the plague^ fent 
arnhnfladors to Epidaurus to fetch the 
god Afculapius to their afTiftancCi and 
they f^Vitxte ferpent that was wor* ipped 
theie for /BJcidapius-, followed the am- 
balTadors of its own accord to the fliip that 
carried it to Jiome. Tht komms btiilt d 
(cmple for it in the ille called Tihitindi 
Sick people us'd to lye 10 this temple fdr 
recovery of ibeit hcaUhi iUMi of(6Dcimesi 

Digitized by VjOOQ IC 

A E 

When chey himd cbemTelves no better, 
revil'd Mfcula^ius* 

To Mjculapius were dedicated the fer- 
penc, the goat, the raven, the dog and 
ih» dragon. 

The ancients painted him in the form of 
an old man with a long beard, having on 
his head a crown made oF the branch of 
a bay- tree, and in his hand a ftafF fu.l of 
knots, about which a ferpent twifted it- 
felf, and at his ieet was either a dog or 
an owl. 

Thefe things were defign'd as hiero- 
glj^phicks of the qualities of a good phy. 
fician> intimating that he ought to oe as 
cunning as a ierpenr, as vigilant as a 
dog, as experienced as a perfon of great 
^e, to be capable ot managing a concern 
io difficult as phyfick is. 

It is reported that Diowfius the Sicilian 
tyrant coming into a temple, where the 
ftatues of Apollo and JEfculapius were 
Handing together^ Mfculapius having a 
grave beard of mafTy gold, be took away 
the beard, colouring his facrilege by put- 
ting a jeft upon jEfculapiust faying, it was 
not juit that he fliould have a beard, 
when Apollo his father had none. 

JE'SCULUS [with Botanifii^ the med« 
lar-tree. X. 

iE'STABLH [kahilis, tj beUnging 
to fummer. 

JESTl'FfiROUS lifiifer, L.J ebbing 
and flowing as the tide. 

msriMA'TlO Capitis lOld Saxon law'] 
the price or value let on or.e's head. In 
a great alTembly of the eftates of the 
realm held at Exetett l^ing Athelfian de- 
dared what fines Ihould be paid pro ajli- 
maiione capitis^ for offences committed 
ag^inft feveral perfons, according to their 
degrees of honour ; thus the aeftimation 
of the king's was 30000 Tbrymfa^s. 

iESTl'VUS J ^^^6 ^ fummer-time. 

JESTIVA'TION, a dwelling or rcfi 
dence in a p'are for the fummer time. 

iESTUATION, a fervent dcfire, a great 
hear. X. 

^STUO'SH l^ftuofus, L.] full of heat, 
boiling with heat. 

^'TAS age ; hence anno Atatisfu^, un- 
der the efligies of perfons, fignifies in the 
year of their age. L 

iETE'RNABLE [atemabilis, t.] pof- 
fible to be or ro become etemaL 

-ff'THEL [-aE^el, Sdx.'] noble or fc. 
mous as JEtbeired, Famous counfel, ^. 

iETHfR ['Aidi/»of«t«3'ta, I run al- 
ways, or of ai3-«» fliinin^ bright, or of 
dtf Q-ifnu always warnung, Cr. or of 
1*1fc^> ^'^> iliu&riousj U moft coimaoo- 


|ly ofed to fignify a very fine, thin, dhph 
iious, fluid, which, as fome fuppofe, fu 
rou; ds the earth up to as far as the inte 
flell^ry world, and which eaGly peoetrat 
and runs through all things, and permi 
til (^s to run as eafiiy through tr. V 
Hook calls that medium or fluid body» 
which all other bodies do as it were (wi 
and move, JEtber- But this fomo dtfa] 
prove of, as favouring too much of tl 
Cartefian DoSrine of an abfoltate Plema 
which has been proved an impoiHbilii 
by many Infallible reafons and experiment 
Therefore as we call the All?<f/um, fnwhic 
we breathe and live, the Aity by which \6 
mean an elaflic, fluid body, which eitbe 
has very iar^e interftices devoid of all mai 
ter, or elfe is in part fill'd with a fiuii 
very eafily moving out of them by con 
preifion, and returning as readily inc 
them again, when that compreiHon is ta 
ken offs fo u e alfo do agree to call cha 
finer fluid JEtber (if it be a body) which i 
extended round our air and atmofpher< 
fibove it and beyond it up to the planet: 
or to an indefinite diftance, tho' we icarc 
well underftand what we mean by tfa 
word ^tber, 

JETHE'AEAL frorld^ all that fpac 
above the upper element, viz. Firgf whic 
the ancients imagined to be perfeSly ho 
mogeneous, incorruptible, unchangeable 

/ETHERBAL Oil iCtymj/by^ a fin 
fubtil oil, approaching nearly to the natur 
of a fpirit. 

JETHIO'PICUS -> [wiih Botanifif 

iETHlO'PICA C of the product o 

-ffiTHlO'PlCUM J the fouthcrn pan 
of Africa* i. 

JETHO'IICES[of eCi^tt^ Or, to burn; 
hot fiery puftules. 

iEVITE'RNI [among rhe Zonmi] cer 
tain deities, fo called, becaufe they re< 
mained to perpetuity, t« whom they al< 
ways offered red oxen in facrifice. 

ATFABLENESS [ti0tbilitas^ L] eaS- 
nefs to be fpoken to or of addrefs, ge&< 
tienefs, courteous or kind behaviour. 

AFFA'BRODS l^fidfCr^ L.] cuoningr 

AFFABULA'TlONy the moral of « 
fiible. L. 

AFFE'CTION [with Ntfturtffi/J/J « 
quality or property ot fome natural being. 

AFFECTION [in a Ugal Stnfe} fig- 
nifies a making over, pawning or more- 
gaging a thing, co aifore the payment o* 
a mm of monev, or the diicharge of fome 
other dtity or (ervice. 

AFFE'CTI0NATE)q£$9» fnlodsofaf- 

Digitized by LnOOQlC 



"mCCTlOKS fwicli aamfisjvt 

rtwur* AFFECTIONS cf Ueinl [ lo 
afi»i>ii J arc Uutj, rntf^ tnd 6an/> 

Oii^ IFrtCnONS of Being [ in 
Itfifjlj^li ] are fuch as are predicated 
flt &zi^, fis^f And foleljr, and are cod- 
lecib^vifhKy wiikour asjr coojundion, 
tt Ati> Seoy ii ^Mrfj and aUgotd is a 

t^mibii AFFECTIONS ofBting [in 
%if^lf] are predicated of ic with 
x6xfg£am cenn, and by taking in both 
prtsat ^tt ffloceoce are convertible wich 
k, as ^mg it either neceffkry or contm- 
fUj «M wkafiever is either necefiry or 
emaigest is m Beb^. 

AFFhCnONS ofB^y^ [with NiUu- 
fi^ij certain modificatioDS of^a bedy 
Qcafioied or iKrodoced by motion, by 
■ew of vhick the body comes to be To 

AFFECTIONS of the MSind, are wbac 
St c a —.i ju jy called ptflions. 

AITrCTUODS £^taycfus, L.] much 
deintf er affeaed. 

AFFBCTUO'SITir I4eaw4itat^ L. ] 

AFFBTEER [Mf Xtf.j to fee the 
pice of a thiq^. 

iffn'ANCB [with Divines^ figaifies an 
*7iii'^iMdt of Ehe mind, by which ic is 
fcf ya roL j agabift all anoecefiary doubts 
>N tears, npon accoonc of the divine 
d-lddeocy in genera) % bot with a more 
kfdd eye lo kaowle4Ke» wifdom and 

AFFIDA^ON, a mntaal fidelity be- 
t*ea OQc pcrlbn and ano:her. L. 

AFFIDATUaE l^^datura^ L.] mu. 

tfFlDA'ViT [i. r. be has plighted his 
^Oik or (worn] a depo6tioD» or the wic- 
*>£ag a tfain^ upon oath. 

To mmk* AFFIDA'VIT {lam Term] to 
^ to the truth ok a thing betore a 

fe'RMATIVH ifer/fict fin the Fo- 
ffkLas] one who owns the errors he 
B^cdwitba*t andmafmaibs (he fame 
^^ examination with firmoefs and re* 

I ifR^ON, a &xtDg or faftening to. JL 
I 'QLA'TION* a blowing or breaching 

ATFLAnraSy a bUft or iofpiratioa, a 
MMfcig m breathirg npon. X* 
OTLi'CTHDNESS [of affiSus, t.and 
i-F(LOENCY [affluentia, L.} abun- 
bet, |reac (lore, plenty, wealth. 
iTFLOENT [i^Aiens, U} abounding, 
"«iag to, inaeafing. 

A G 

A'FFLUHNTNISS lafiuentia^ t.] grttc 

AFFO'DILUS [with Bottnifisl cha 
daffodil, a flower. 

^ AFFORClA'RB [Ijm ITord] to add, 
iitcrea/e or make itronger. 

AFFO'RCIAMENT [oU Records] a 
fort or ftrong hold. 

AFFRA'T probably oisfiofer^ F.J a 
fray; a skirmilh, a fight between two or 
more parties, 

AFFRA'Y \ I in Common Jjm J 

AFFRAI'MENT f Is an affrightmeac 
put upon one or more perfoni i which 
may tMsdone by an open iliew of violence 
only, without either a blow given, or a 
ward fpoken s as if a man Ihould appear in 
armour, or with weapons not ufiially 
worn, ic may ttrike a fear imo iuch aa 
are unarmed, and therefore is a common 
Wrong, and is eoq'iirable in a Court'l^etl 
buc differs from an aflfault, becaofe chat ia 
a particular injury. 

AFFREI'GHTMENT fof fretement, 
hiring or fraighclig, F.J the fame as 

A'FFRAI [Old Rec.] bullocks or beafis 

A'FFRE J of the pbugh. 

A falfe A'FFER [ Nortbumberhmd J a 
How or dull horfe, alfo hence the term 
Aver Beafis* 

AFRE'SH [cifrais, F.J frelbly, anew, 
newly, over apQin. 

To AFFRrCATB l^ricare, L.J to 
rub againft, to rob into powder, to 

AFFRONI'TRB [i^onhrum, L. of 
'Af/>cff fro:h, and tPf-f* Or. nitre] the 
fpume or froth of nitre. 

An AFFRO'NT, an abufe, an injury 
done either by words, bad ufage, oi 
blows, F. 

AFFRO'NTE [in HetaUry] facing, or 
fron'i ^ one another. 

AFFRO'NTIVENESS, abufivencTs, of- 

AFFU'LSION, a (hining upon. 

A'FRICANS [with Gardeners] Afri- 
can marigol s 

A'FTER Birth 1 a skin or membrane 

AtTER Burden f in whih the fktus 
or child is wrapped in the Matrix, and 
comes away after the birth or the child* 

AFTER fain^^ pains felt in the lotns, 
groin y ]2)r«. alter the birth is biougbc 

AGA'I [In Holland t b^.] a term ufed 
in merchandire, which i gnifies the dif- 
ference in Hidland or Vemce of the value 
oi current money and bank notes, vhich 
in Holland is often 3 or 4 ^r Cent, in 
favour of c!>e note* 

ACALA'XY [agataoda^ L. of 'A^W 

: , byCnOOgr. 


IfitL, 0r.] want of milk to giVe fuck with» 

AGA'LLACHUM CA^Ax^^of, Gr.] 

A'GAMIST lagamus^ L. of ciyifM:^ 
pT,'] tn unmarried p.erfoas ^ bacchelor 
ir widower. 

AGAPE' r*4va^ Gr.] charity, kind- 
fief», love ; alio alms -giving. 

AGAPfi'T [of *kydC,rn, Gr. an! peto, 
L* to hunt afcerj a whore- mafter; one 
who hunts after women. 

AGA'RICON l^kyd^xw, Gr.] tga- 
Hck, a fort of large q^uihroom, which 
grows on the trunks of trees, efpecially 
%ht lap h-rree. 

AGASY'LLIS f A><*«-w\\iff, Gr-'] th? 
herbftru/tf, or fennel.ei:nt, one ot which 
cemes ih.* gum c^\\tS Ammoniach, 

AGATHI'TES f with Botamfts ] the 
herb marj:)ram. i. 

AGE [probably of apa, Afr /.«. al- 
ways] the whole continuane cf a mai/s 
life 5 alfo the fpice of an hundred yeirs 
comp'eit ; alfo a certain ft^re or portion 
pf the life of iTi"^n, which is divided into 
four differen: ages, as Infancy ^ Thutb, 
Manhood, Old A£e. F. 
■ ^Infancy or Childhood y extends from the 
birrh to the fourreenih year. 

^}>fUbt or the age ofpuberry commen- 
ces at fourteen, and ends at about iweniy- 

M>Mnboody rerminares at fifty. 

Old 4ge<, cooimences from fifty, and 
txtends rill the rime of death. 

Old AGH iHieroglyph'icaUy] was re- 

f^refented by a raven, be aufe ihit bird 
i>es a great while, and therefore to re- 
preferit a man dead in a 'vttj old age, the 
^Egyptians painted a dead raven. 
"AGES [of the IVorld] are certain pe- 
jpiods or limits of time, which for the 
convenience of chronology and h'ftoryare 
iliftin^uiihed, by chofe accidents and re- 
folutipns chat havQ happened in the 
^orld 5 the generality of chronologers 
f%Tta la miking feven ages or period^. 

I. From the creitioo of the world to 
^ab\ flood, which contains 1656 years. 

If, Prom if(iflb'i flood to the birth of 
)^Araham, which contains 382 years. 

in.'Prom Ahrahani& hin\i to the de- 
parture of Ahfej and the children of If 
Mi out otE^xP^^ which pontaioy ^50 

J V. From the Israelites going out of 
Keyftt to the built^ing of Sofqvwfs temple, 
^ich contains 479 years. 

y. "Prom" the laying che foundation of 
|he >emple to che reign of C>r«i in Bahy^ 
ion, Vhich cpntains 493 years. 

yr.'Pron^ il^e reign qf fyrus to the 

l?n™»"if ?f p^^f Y^^^* ??"»"H?? ^3? 


VIT. From the birch oi chrift to the prfl 
fentyear 1730, the^whole from the ere 
aiion of the world, Co this year 1731 
makes 5783 years. 

The chronologer$ do pretty generall 
agree, as^ to the dividing the time irot 
the creation into feven periods or agei 
yet they differ as to the time c^ntainc 
in rhefe periods: fo that Chtvereau in hi 
hi^'ory of the world reckons more tha 
thirty diflferent opinions. 

Again, the pjets diftioguifli the age < 
the world into four periods } the GoJdem 
the Silver, the Broun, and the Iron age 
the Golden A^e was in the reign of Sa 
turn ; the Stiver, that of the beginnin 
of Jupit^ ; the Brazen Age, was whe 
meh began to depart from their primitiT 
fimplicity and hanefty, and to fall to ir 
juftice and rapine 5 and the Iron Age, whe; 
trey grew not only covetous aid imjufl 
but added cruelty, fava^eneis, and baibx 
rities to their vices. 

^ ft U riot tinprobable* bue'that this no 
tion of the four ages was taken from th* 
hif^ory of the golden image, feen by Ne 
hucbadnnxar in a dream, mentioned i 
Daniel, by which the firft monarchy wa 
denored che golden one, the fecond JUvef 
the ihif A brazen, and che fourth iron, an< 
that che Greeks, who of a long time ha* 
commerce wiih che Egyptians, had it iron 

A'GENCY [i^^ence^ F.] afiing, ma 

AGENFRl'DA [Old Recor4i] the trai 
lord or owner of any thing. 

AGBNHINB [or third Night, apn hinq 
Sax.J a perfon that comes to an hotife a 
a gueft, and lies there the third nighc 
after which time he is looked upon a 
one of che family ; and if he breaks th* 
king's peace, his hoft was to be anfwer 
able for him. See Hogmbme* 

A'GENT [in Phficks} that b^ which 1 
thing is done or emded, ar which has 1 
power by which it ads on another ; or in 
duces fome change in another by itsaftion 

NaturallAOBSrs [with Schol^icis] 

Thyficaly are fuch as are immediacel] 
determined hj che auchor of oacure c< 
produce cercain effeds ; biic noc the con 
trary thereto, as fire which only heata 
but does not cool. 

Free \ AGENTS [with Schola) 

Voluntary y ticks'} are fuch as ma; 
equally do any thing, or the contrary o 
oppofite of it } as a6bing noc from anj 
predecerminatioTi but from choice, fuci 
the mind is fuppofed to be, which maj 
either KtB or mU the iao^e thing. 

Vnhocaf AGENTS Twith Hattiralifis 

9re fucti agentf as produce e^eds 0^ th< 

* ' ' * * ' fem< 

Digitized by VnOOglC 

A G 

ftKlttind d ffw— nina tion iirub tlitm. 


EpMCif AGENTS [w?th NrnturaHfii] 
Be 'jcd ^eors wtiofe effeds are *>i a 
ifeoc k»4 from tbemfelves. 

AGEOMETRESI^A ldy%^fjsM^pwi^ G .] 
twts: ^ defed io point o* gcomc'Ty. 

ACnLATOX C«'>^e^«'» <5'] the 
«i Ewefiaftiitg, Coiton-weed, Moch- 
VMx or ItesAiin. 

IGiRC/SIA, a goddefs chac wts fup- 

MjOOLO'SE Ci«^eri^» L.] full oi 

AGCLOMERA'TION, a winding ioco 

. AGOLU'TIMANTS £ in Medicine ] 
»K lemedies, whofe office anJ 
CO «Jfaere co the fo^td p4r(s o( 
tt» ^osw^ «od hf that to recruic and 
^^ crc Place of what is worn off and 
raed ay ihe animal a^^ioos. 

AGGLUTINATION, a glueing toge- 
oer. L 

WB, F. j a making greac ; bui moi e ef- 
Ftoalf Biivo:lcly condiaon or eftate, a 
s*kr^ ^rik>arab!e. 

A'GGRBGATE Znggxe&ttwn. L.] the 
vfe^ maSi arifing trom the joining or 
aieGai^ feveral thti^s cogecJier. 

AGGREGATED FUmers fwith Bota 
^ttl a fiower iirbich confitts of many 
'*'^* ft>ve;s, meeciag together to make 
*e wiole one, each of which has its 
■inly aikl fticking feed, and 
one and the fame Calix. 
^AGGRECAnnON [in rMcks^ afpc- 
QB of i2flfoa, by which lererai things 
^'VcA hav« ao oacaral depeodenc^ or con 
^•3>L? one with another, are coIle£ied 
"^(Pz&er fe as io ibme ienfe to confti- 
Bec are. 

AGGRESS, alHinltl g, fetting upon. I. 

AGGRIE-VANCB [probably of ad 

^ gngf^ Fr.] affli^OB, great trouble 

A'GU.ENBSS {4gititas^ L.] nimble 
■^ aftjTicjT. 

AGIO fin Ibiland] % or fometlmes 4 
fvCoB- in tatr>ur oi the ^<ank notes. 

MHTA'TIO muma&um in fyr^a [i^ 
^ i*w j rlkc drift of bevfts iaco the to- 
«* JL 

J^CtTA'TtOH [cf beafii in the firefly 
t^lyfign-'fieJ the driic of be«lh iuto 

^fTA'TX>RS r^n (be time of the ci. 
^ wars io fi^/M, ^. ^- »6|7] perfons 
^■ea oat or every regimeu to fit in 
B*^. tad ma.age tbe affairs oi the 

^GiAOPHCnriS Idyyji^iU Gr.J 

A G 

a certain herb of a glorious olour, wicb 
which magicians vfed to call torth dc* 
viU J fomo call it Piony. 

n^* T'XAtf-rrt t be tongue, ^o/'M^rheaiouth, 
«n<l ^e^^M « defcription, Gr.l the ti'le 
of the book of a German author, «%• 
deicribes a m ^uth without a tongue. 

A'GMINAL [agminalist L. ] belong, 
ing to a troop. 

AGNA'TI (civil law] the male d*. 
fcendents of the ume father in differeoc 

AGNATION [Civil law] that line or 
confanguinity or kindred by blood, which 
is becw<!eo fuch males aa are dofceoded 
from the fame (ather. 

AGNIOLO'SSA {.dyfiyXmrr^^ Gr,] 
the herb PUnrain. X* 

AGNINA LINGUA [with EMani/li} 
the herb Lamb's<tongue, or Ribwoct 
Plantain. Z. 

AGNOMINATION, a ntck-name. A. 

AGNOPHAGITES [ agnophagitA^ of 
agntu, L. a lamb, and 9*y*iv^ Or* to 
eat] feeders en hmb's flelli. 

AGO'NEA, facriBces offered for good 
Aiccefs in bniinefs. 

AGO'NES Capitoliiu [among the Re- 
mans] feftivals held to Jupiter^^ as pro* 
teSkor or guardian of the capitol. ^ Ac 
this feftival poems were fung or recited 
io ho'iour of him by [he poeca. 
^ AGONrA [of (t'>tfr. Gt. a llri]gglej a 
nolenr padion or &gony. 

AGONIA [of tt neg. and yoint the fe- 
men, Gr.] a defe£l oT the feed. 

AGOSrSTA [«>»jw, Gr.J awreft- 
ler, a champion, or a perion who firivea 
in mafteries. 

^ To AGONI'ZE Tagomzarei L. of tlym' 
y/^0yue(i. Gr.J CO (trive ^liaotfy, to p]ajr 
the champion. 

AGONOCLITES [of « neg. ySfu the 
knee, and a\c/» to celebrate, ^c.J he« 
reiicks in the ferenth ceic'iry, whole 
diilingnifhing tenet was, never tokneel, 
bur to deliver their prayers ftanding. 

AGONOTHETA [ «>w^«7w, Gr.] 
an ovsrfeer of aiftiviry, tbe Judge in fucli 
games, be mafter of the revels. X. 

AGONOTHETICK, belonging to the 
madenes of a£^ivity. 

AGORONO'UUS [«>t^»v«/«^, Gr.J 
the clerk of a market JL. 

AGO'UTT [in America^ a little beaft 
o^ the ftape and fiie of a rabber. which 
has no more than two teeth in each 
jiw, and feeds like a fq-iirre!.^ But is a 
fierce creature, and when irritated, will 
(lamp with iis hind feet, and ereft iis 

AORA'UMATIST l4tgrammMtus, L. of 

Digitized by VjOOQ IC 


dy^fAluttir&^ Gr.] tn uoleArned» ilLxte- 
ttut^ man. 

AGKEE'ABLENBSS [fJM//V agra^le, 
F.3 fuirableDcfs, pleafaocoeTs, itfc, 
^ AGREE^V!BNT [in Common latf] a 
joining cogecher or confenc of t^o or 
more minds in any thing already done, 
•r CO be done hereafter. 

AGRB'SSES, fedflS^r^i. 
AGRE'ST [^r^M, L.J 
felds, ruftirk, clowmfh*. 

belongirg to 
L.] cldwniih 

AGRB'STY iagrdii 

AGRl'A [with Botmijis^ the flirub 
Holly. L. 

AGRIA [with Surgeons'] a fcurvy fcab 
bard 10 cure f a rebellious ulcer. JL 

AGRIACA'NTHA f iwtFe* rf>e/«, Gr. 
Ithiftie. L 

wild] a fort of wild ^ 

AGRTA'MPELOS [rf>e^€iV*jrt\^, Or.] 
ft' plant called Wild Vine. 

AGRlCUarURB [agrkuUwMy L. ] 
tfte art of husbandry, or the improye- 
inent of land, in order to render it fertile. 

AGRlEtJE'A ldy»i%\A'idL^ Gr.] the 
wild olive. 

AGRIMONI'A [rf>e/ft»f», Gr.] agri- 
mony. X. 

AGRIMONIA Sflvejtrit IBotany] Cl- 
t0r weed, or wild tanfey. X. 

AGRIOCA'RDAMUM [«5|^o*«y«. 
ftt», Gr.] a fort of water-creffes. L 

AGRIOCa'STAKUM [of «w®-, Gr. 
^ild, atid cafianeum, L, a cbefnutj Wild 
cheftmt, the earth.nut, the pif nur. 

AGRIOCI'NARA [v.i:h Botmfis] the 
plant Ladies thiftle, or Wild Anicholre. 

AGRIONA'RDUM [wltb Uotatufis ] 
tbe herb Valerian. £. 

AGRIO'NIA [«t>e,trf»i«, Gr.] a fo- 
lemniry obfervech in hon^^ur of Bacsbus, 
which was celebrated in the night afer 
rhe manner following. The women af. 
(Ambled together and made a fin€t fearch 
for Bacchus, and after fome time of fearch 
not finding him, faid he was retired to the foimd of the toiigue 


AORYPNOCCyMA [of dyfvxfS^ 
watching, and x»/um a deep fleep, Or.- 
a waking drowlinefs, a difeafe whereiJ- 
the patienrs are continually inclined t 
deep, but fcarce can fleep, being affe^ 
with a great drowTmefs in the head, ' 
ftupidity in all the fenfes and faculcie; 
and miny times a Delirium too. It is tb . 
fame is Coma Vigil. L. 

AGUE TREE. '^alTifras. 

AGUILLANEU'F, the name of a cei 
tain ceren^ny of the B'gncb Druids, who : 
waen they were t» go to gather mf (leio . , 
2^n{!t New Tear s D€n, walked about th.; 
fields «<ijoinIag to their foreft, crying out . 
A gui 9^ luuf^ i. e. to the mjletoe tb 
new year^ to tbe mijktoe the new yeok ; 
Alfo the fame name was appl y'd to a for; 
of begging which was uled in fome hi . 
Ihopiicks for the tapers Li churches, bo.' 
this cullom was put down. Anno 259^ 

A'GUISHNESS [ofrfi^n, F. ftiarpj thO 
quality of an ague, coldneTs* Chiyeriag^' 

AID Tdfde. F.] aiEftance, belp, fue'^ 
cour, relief. 

AID [in JLtfv] anciently an impofiiioi ** 
laid bjr the king on tcoants, }ffC' h^^ 
marrying his daughter, or knighting hC' 
eldcft fon. 

AID PRIER [i.e. AidPrafer2 awon^ 
made ufe of in pleading for a petitioi, 
in court, to call in help from anoth«'^ 
perfon who haih an imereft in the things 
con efted. ^' 

AID of tbe ling [Ltfv term] is where ^= 
the king s tenant prays aid of the king^ . 
en account of rent demanded of him b|' ' 
others. ^ 

AIDS [XnHarfmanfhip] are tbe a(&ft« 
aiices and helps thit th2 horleman give^' 
an harfe, trom the gentle and moderati :: 
ufe of the bridle, the y^ur, i\ie cavefin^^ 
the poinpm, the rod, the aSion of tJif^ 
legs, the motion of the tbigbs, and thfli^ 

mules, and had hid himfelf among tbem. 
This ceremony be'ng over, they tell to 
i^aftinff^ and diverring themfelves with 
propofei^ riddles and cramp queftionsj 
and ivy being looked upon as facred to 
iaccbus, great quantities of it were uied 
at this time. 

At^RlOPA'lMA CwithB»fi«(^i] arch- 
ai^ei or dead nettle. X. 

AGRIOPASTINA'CA [with Bolamfls] 
the wild parfnip or carrot. 

AGKIGPHY'LLON [rf^f/e^t/xXw, Gr.] 
the herb hog's fennel, •r fulphur-worr. 

AGRIOSE'LINUM [dye^^^KsfOi^ Gr.J 
t fiuwer, a fort ok crow-feer. 

AGROU'ND [a-^nunte. Sax.;} upon 
the ground} alfonon^Wd, obftru^ed. I 

AIDS DB CAMP [of the hag} cer-r 

tain young gentlemen, whom the king '; 

appoints in the 6eld to that office. 

AIE'Ll [in Lam} the name ot a wrir,-! 

AlLE'f the fame ss^eA < 

AIGLETTE [in Heraldrjl an eaglet,^ 

or a young eagie. F. ^ 

AIGRBDE CEDRA, Itmoo mi{x^t> 

a co«Ung liquor ufed in France. F. 

AIGUE' Marine, fee Aaua marine >^ 

AlGUrsCB f iia Heraldty} a term ap-^ 

AIGUrsSE > plied to a crois, whffls 

AGUrSSE J Its four ends are ftar-^t 

pened, but fo as to terminate in obiufo 

angles* R i 


Digitized by LnOOQlC 

A I 

,— -— « AlGmsCE\lHi HtraUtyl 

[^^Wl A^C''^9 6gnifies a crofi ha- 
f^^^l vi^g rwo axig!es at the ends, 
L^ y J c>K ^^» ib a« to terminare in 
^"^^^^ pouxs i bat it is not liJic the 
Can Fitctee, chac goet tapenn^ away 
ar^S^c CO s Ibarp poirt, for ihts Crofs 
^igtifte kos only ma ob:u& poLic aade by 
t&B^ iff tbe a^lcft. 

AJOCRE' [hi HeraUfyJ fign:6et fome 
P^ af 13 tSavy that is fo taken away 
9k the fel^ appears j it is a Fnncb term, 
asiiaeriycd ot J0«cr a day or light, and 
%iiu chac tbe part which Chculd be co. 
«ed ^ the Ofdxkary is fo far ezpofed 
3 new. 

AIR Imt, I. of ^^, Gr. of tudtiftiu 
^ i rrdr b is always fiowii^* or as others 
^!tm mami to b«caxbe, or as others Giy of 
UK, it^ fi^lr] is gener^aiy noderftood 
» he that 6^ui is which we breathe, 
«i the eanb is ttidoied, and as it wets 

AOL B tooad CO bare ihefe 6x proper- 

X- It is liqaid, and cannot be coogeal'd 
3ke water. 

a. his oKKb lighfer than wtter» but 
Jtt X is aoc wichoyt its gravity. 

^ It is diaphanous, that is^ ic cnuif- 


4. k can eafily be condensed and xari- 

5. It has «n ^fttck force. 

^ I: ts aeceflary for flame and lefpt 

^ I* Ic IS moch more Honid than water 
■> Kid caaioc be congeard, and that for 
aarciibiis loUowing. 

r. BecstA i c iaeins to hare, pores much 
<«yer, full of finer matteri of a very 
^ aodoo, wberaby the particles of 
I vase mnfifnU y driven about, as it ap- 
I ftoB by fhis e xp cr im eor, that if air be 
I ^^ in a venel, it is esfily coodenfed ; 
\ vstfcas no peiibo yet, by any Invention, 
I te heco able to conden(e water. 

^ Tim particles of air are very fine 
i tiiirtached, fo ihat they leave interftices 
^■KB one another, and can never be 
^M iato a compaft body. 

& Water bas oeen proved by expert- 
■^ n be %y> times heavier than air, 
^i^BKe it vrill follow, that a oer- 
afa bift of air contains in it S40 times 
tt baongeaeons matter than an equal 
hftaf water does; and this is the rea* 
k vby Jh may be condeos'd, but not 

IB. The Air Is Diaplkawis, becauft 
Mg very wide pores, and feparable 
^kabniia Uie Muucrwbereok light 


oonfifts through right lines. And hence h 
U^ that not only the fan and the planers 
fliloe or refled their light upon us, but 
alfo the fiat fiars are feen by us at an 
immenie Diftance. But as deep water does 
not tranfmita 1 the rsys which fall upon 
it, becaufe the feties of light is imcrm 
rupced by the motion of the watery par* 
tides : fo many or the rays, which fall 
upon this prodigious bulk of air over us, 
rouft needs be broken off and interrepted 
before they reach us ; which probably may 
be the caufe, that where the sky is clear, 
ic is not quite tranfparent, but appears 
of a more blue and wacerifb colour 

IV. AIR is condenfed and rarified, be- 
caufe Ic confifting of branchy particles, 
thole particles are ea^ly fcacter'd by an 
extraordinary quick motion, which is 
caird RarifaSiott,, 

Again, the^ are eafily thruft into a left 
compafs, while their branches are dri- 
ven together, and dofe one with another 
and^ thereby cnifh out the liquid matter 
which lay between themi and this ie 
call'd OmdenfatiofL 

There are a multitude of Bxperimenrsto 
prove this i as there are a fort of guns, in- 
to which fnch a quantity of air may be 
forced, as to fhooc out t leaden bullec 
with great violence. 

V. That the air has an elaftick force » 
(bit IS, chat It has a power to return co 
tbe fame Hate, and re-occupy the fame 
rpace which it fiird beiore, when ever the 
torce that crufheth it into a narrower 
compafs is removed, the beforcmencioc- 
ed expeiiment does demunflrace. 

VI. Thai AIR is nec^frn for fUtme ot 
Ufphation. Without air, flamo and fire 
go out, and air fcems to have a nicrous 
or fulphurous matter In Ic, that the air 
which lies npon fo many plants, animals 
and minerals, upon which the heat of cho 
fiui continually operates and excra£^s a 
good part of them, muft needs carry a- 
way with ic innumerable particles of ful* 
phnr and volatile falcs wherewith things 
abound, as chymtcal experiments demon* 

AIR [in ctynucal wriurt'] it expreffed 

by oneofthefecbtraaen y'\ ' /^ 

AIR [in Borfemanfhip] is % cadence and 
liberty of motion chat is accommodated 
CO the natural difpofiiion of a horfe, that 
makes him work in the manage* and rife 
with obedience, mealure and juftnefs of 
time. Others ufe the word air in a ftrift 
fenfe^ to figniiy a manage that's higher* 
flower atti more artfully defigoed than the 
terra a terra. Tbe widk, croc and gallop 
I •«• 

Digitized by VjOOQ IC 


•f^ not in the general accounted airs ; 
ethers again uTe the word air, for che 
notion oi a horfe's legs upon a gallop. 

AITIINBSS f. f air] briskneft, liveli- 

High AIRS, are rhe motions of a horfe 
that lifes higher than terra a terra, a"d 
Works at Curvets, BalotadeSf Croupades 
siuf Capriols, 

AIR [with Thyficians'] makes one of 
the fix non-naiutals. 

Jnaate AIR [with Anatom^Jls'] is fup- 
pofeJ to be a fine, aerial fubftance, inclo- 
led in the labyrinth of the inward ear> 
end to mmifter to che due coove/ance of 
the founds in the fenfory. 

AIR [with Muficiansj fignifies the me- 
lody or the inflexion of a mufical com- 

AIR PUMP, a machire or inftrumenc 
' contrived to extrad or draw the air out 
of proper vcflfels. See fump. 

AIRY Meteors [vriih 4/honomers'] fuch 
ts are bred of flaiulous and fpirittjous ex- 
kalarrons or vapours s as v^indsj iffc* 

AISE, the herbax-wecd. 

AISLE' [in Heraldry'^ fignifies winged, 
or having win^s. F. 

Al'STHALES [clIS^xXms Gr.'} fengreen 
•r houfleek. 

AISTHE'RIUM [of Al^dnfA<ti, Or. to 
percetve] the fenfory of the brain. 

Al 'ZOON [a if •I', Gr> i. e» ever-green] 
Ibngreen r^r houfleek. 

To AKE 1 of ace pam or grief, or 

To ACHE I acian, Sax,] to be paln- 
Ibl, to be pained. 

To have an A KING fotb at oaey to 
be angry at, to have a mind to rebuke 
•r cha/tife oite. 

A'LA, che wing of a fowl. 

ALA [in Aaatorny a term ufed for fe- 
deral parts oi the body, which bear a 
refennblance to the figure of a wing} as 
the top of an auricle, \ffc. 

ALABA'NDICA Rofa [fo nimed of 
Alai>aiuia io Afia Minor'] a fort of da- 
■usk rofe with whit Kb leaves : fome 
cake ft for rhe province rofe. 

ALARA'STRITES, chealabafter ftone.£. 

A I ABA'NDICAL, of or percalniog to 

ALABU'NDY, the fame as Ahtbandica 

A I A BA'STRUM \ [ dKoiC^T^f, Gr. ] 

AlABA'STRUS j • an alabatter box of 

ALABA'STRUM [with Botanifts] the 
bud or green leaves of plants which in 
clofe rhe bottom of 'flowers before they 
ate foread. 

A'liE, is vtftd CO figntfy the lobes of 
the liver, and the ujn^hse, the fponge- 


eus bodies in che pudendum mulieht I al-: 
fo the cartilages ot the nole which form:: 
the noftrils. 

AI./E [io Military Affairs] fignifies the. 
two excreams of an army ranged in form? 
or battle. 

ALJE ECCLESIASTlCiE, the wings oi : 
fide-ifles of a churih. JL 

ALAMO'DE fa la mode. F. i.e. tfteL 
che tafhioni a fore of fiik for womeo' „< 
hoods and /carves. 

ALA'RM 1 Metaphorically] any man 

AL A'RUM 5 I er ol fudden noife, }ff^^ 
ciufiig fear, fright or trouble} aifo « 
chime fet in a clock or watch. ^ 

ALA'SS [probably q.d. me laffian,^ 
O tired me» L. or belas, F.j an inters 
je6lion of complaint^ grief, ^c. J 

ALATE'RNUS [ with Botan'fis ] thi^ 
moft beautiful ihrub for hedges, of i 
lovely green colour and fweec-fceotec 

Alhafpina [Botany] the white thorn. I 

ALBE', (tt Alha. 

ALBH'RGE, [Botaty] a fmall forwaw • 
peach of a yellow colour. 

ALBIFICA'TION, a making white, i'- 
whitening, X. 

ALBI'NUM [with Betanifi^s] rhe heri^- 
chafF-weed or cud wort. *^ 

ALBU'CUM [in Botany] the whiif 

ALBUM CRiECUM [ In Pbafmacy l^ 
white dogs- turd. 

ALBUM Ocu/f, the tvKfte of an eye. i. ^ 

ALBUM Ovf» the white of an egg. I. 

A'IBURN ColouTt • brown. See Aih^ 

ALBUTINUM [with Botanifts] is ef-v 
teemed by fome to be the tat of tiees, : 
that part of the trunk chat is between- 
che bark and timber, or che moft tender" 
wood, to be hardened after che fpacc 
of fome years. ^ 

ALCA'DEI a fort of judge or mintfter^ 

ALCA'lD J of juftiqe among the Sps-^. 
niards, much the fame as apiovoft. 

ALCA'ICK Verfes, Latin vcrfes thttc 
confift of two da%ls and two trochees, (On^ 
named of Alc^us the firft inventor. 

ALCAICKS, are of three fpecies ; th«5 
firft conlifts of two dadyls and two cro«^ 
cfaees. ^ 

Extlium imfqfkura cymbjt* ':; 

The fecond confilts of five tee t ; thefrft 
of which is a fpondee or iambick j thtft. 
fecond an iambick 3 the third a long fyl*;; 
lable 3 the fourth adadyh the fihh adft^fi 
lyl or amphimacer i as Horace^ \\ 

Omnes eodem cogimuTj omniunt 
Vtr/atur mma, ferius ocyut < 

Sors ixitwih 


Digitized by VjOOQ IC 


M tvo ne otfled Abuodt iMv- 
febi ite ckiec ipedet has tlie firft an 
te. {k fecond and chtrd Choriam- 
iiiX ai tke feonh a Bacckhu, as 

^ yj jg— CiAflPm tmgere f c«r 

fcAia'iCK Ode coDaaa of four 
*fte, act of widcli contain foDrTcr- 
5«* t«o fiift are iifc»cft Terfes of the 
2^; tte third ao LaMck Dimeter 
¥^*&4, i.e, of four feet and a 
*W*Me; tlie fourth is an Mcaick ot 
*«lid. 11ie.ilfcttcJk Strophe en 

«5i Mtecvflwr, omriiai 

%! CflCvjp i)r ao/ M itrmnMi 

^AUUID [la B-ri^'thegoTcr. 

JUjUZATlONf the aa of loT 
^nt « hnorwich an alcalioe fait 
^^TJOOS, oC or pcnainii^ i 

JUBTm [of jf an xrdfec* panicle 
r^ "^ X»>«i of x*'* to melt 
™jjte fiibliiner part of chymiftry 
2*^^ w«nfmutation of mecals, 
? "^ tke Qtmd, Elixir or Fi^/foyo- 
S^*» ***»*»« to the cantofild 
Pr. ?**<>'^fiinMet no more than 
TSST"^ withoot the addition of 

zfrr ^^"^^ ^ "^^^ «»>«y ^UJ 

^»m to figijjy a wooderfu! virtue 
rji **e have defin'a this ftndy of 

Mul^ "^ "*^ acnna tnu flndy 
2?» ^ mi fine arte, ctqusprk- 
r^. liBttri, fliedhm laborarey }ff 
-i/"wf«, i.e. an art without art. 

beggary. And 

T^' Miiwtod to hb forrow by F*- 
rVjM hiTing fpenc his whole life 
7*2* a «Ws art in vain, died in an 
T;^« l^erdm in Switzerland, 
• kJlf » fcy. that had he ao ene- 
" « aoi dare openly to attack, he 
^ noftniaid the Ihidy of alchymy 

Crf '?*" "**« ^ the prindpal 
{J«««ftfological figure when a 
^hans lb chat hisUfe may be 
«S* C? * *®««' accordbg to 

I iSJ?!?'** ®^ **"« plinet, 
4£^JNJAM r*i/J. a fort 

|5»"J«!hreedaftyU and a 

of Terfe 
long fyl- 

41*J5J Utitigm^ Dei. 
l^vuTTA, ibe tartaroiK iedbeiit 


AtCbRAN, the Tori's hook of th«ir 
law, or gofpcJ, or the revelatiohs and 
prophecies, Jji. written by their falfe 
pr«phet Mahomet* 

A'lDBR nee £al>5on. Sax. abua, IJ 
a tree wcl! known, delighting to grow io 
watery, bogey places. 

AIDER, firft, or chief, as alder^beft U 
the beft of all. 

ALE-COST, an herb. 

ALB.DRAPER, a viauaUer an alea 
houfe keeper. 

ALB STAKE, a may-pole^ becaafe tho 
country people drew Much ale tberd i 
bvt not properly the coibmon may- pole i 
but rather a long ftake drove into chd 
groand with a fign on it that ale was 
there to be fold. 

ALECfiNA'RIUlC, a fort of hawkcaUi 
led a lanner. 

ALB'CTO ['A\«jiTi», of A and \iy» co 
ceafe , f . d. without repoife] the daugb» 
cer of Acheron and Nsgbt, or Tluta add 
Treferpine, And one of the furies of helL 

ALECTO'RIA 7 VkK*%^mfU, Qr.^ 

ALECTO'RIUSi the cock-ftone, or 
capon- ftone \ a ftone about the bigne/s of 
ft bean and of a cryAal colour, found in 
the maw or giufrd, or rather gall-blad- 
der of a cock. I. 

IM^jGr.J an herb that has green leavei 
like tufts of feathers oo the crown of a 
cocks cocks-comb, ratde-graft or loufe- 

ALBCTO'ROMANCY lAledtrjonumtid^ 
L. of 'AxflSTpt/af/ic0tvTfiee, of *AKix<ra 

gj^*"tari, medium laborarey }ff cock and fjt<trr%i<ty Or, divination] an 

^lEtft. . - m^ — .---u ancient divination, in which they made 

ufe of a cock io difcovering fecret and 
unknown tranfaaions of future events* 
The method wss this ; they firft wrote 
on the dutt the twenty-four letters of 
the alphabet, and laid a grain of wheac 
or barley upon every one ot them } theii 
havica prepared a cock magically, they 
let him loofe among them, and thoM 
letters out of which he picked the corns 
being put together, were thoaghr to d6-> 
dare whatever they haJ a mind to 

ALBCTRY<yMACHY {'kKivtf^mfu^ 
XioL, of AlaTM^ a cock and^«^;^ii a fight] 
the fi»ort of cock-fighiing. 

ALE'MBICK [tvith dymjcal X\T 
9¥1riters1 is expre&M by this AjL 
charaaer -«vm 

ALE'MBOT 1 [with Taracelfiansl 

ALB'MBROTdl the philolopheri 
fidt, the key of art. 

ALEOPHANGI'NA 1 fwith Tbjficiaiu) 
tf^,^, AtBPHANOI'NA f p<mdcrsotfwe€t 

Digitized by VjOOQ l^ 


AlE'MTOtS, fee AlUntois. 
ALE'RT [<rf alette, F. of ala^ L. a 
w: g] upon tht wing, brisk, chearfol, 

^^LE'RTNESS [of tf/^. F. ala, L. a 
win^ j perrnefs, iivelirels. 

A'LETUDfi [aletado^ L.]- iacnefc of 
the body. 

ALEXA'NDRINE [with roets"] fl mc- 
cie chAC con(ifts of two fyllables more 
cllan the common Heroick or Peatame- 
ler ; as. 

The fame the fate cf arms and arts you* U 

Tbey rof^ wUb equal pace, with equal 
pace declined, 

ALEXl'CACON f AXifU«««T, of d\i 
(» CO expel or drive out and «a*ir evil] 
a medicine co expel aoy ill humours ouc 
oi the body. 

ALEXITE'RICUM fwiih Fbyficims^ 
a piefervative againft p ifon or ioledion. 

A'LGA, a weed or herb that grows oa 
th* ff a (hoar, fe^-weed or rects. L. 

ALGA [whhBotamfts] the fca-oak. 1. 

ALGA faccbarifera i with Botanies] 
fug ar bearing fea-weed. By hanging Li 
the air, cbis plane will af&rd repeated 
efflorefcences of white fugar, as fweec 
as any prep red from fugar L, 

A'LGAROT [r.bymlliry] a preparation 
of burier oi antimony, wafh*d in a large 
quantity of warm water rill it turn co 
a white pow(*:er. Ic is otheiwife called 
Mercurius vit£. 

ALGEBRAI'CAL Curve [^n Geometry^ 

A is a cuivc ot lucb a nature, 

that the abfctlTes of it will 

^ portion to their rcfje6live 

ordina:es | thus it the pro. 
£i\iSt of any Ahfciffe, A. P. x. multiplied 
into the fame quimity, P. be always e- 
qual to the fquare of the correfponden: 
ordinate, P. M. 2. yy, the equation ex 
p.efTmg the nature of the curve will be 
P"^ t:::, yji >nd the curve is the common 

A'LGIDNESS, [algiditas, L.] coldncfs, 

A'LGOL [in 4flronomji'} a fixed ftar of 
the firfl masnitude in the conftellation 
Ferfeust in longitude Si degrees 37 mi- 
nutes, latitude ax de|i;rees 21 miouces, 
callec alfo Medufa\ hea(^« 

A'LGOR, ^leac cold or chilnefs. 1. 

A'LGORiSM [wirh Mathematicians J 

the pra6iicat operations in the feveral 

parts of fpeJous Arithmeticl i alfo the 

pra&ice of common ArUhmetick, by ten 

' mimeriral %ures. 

ALCO'SE [atgofu9^ L J full of w^eds 
iipir r€«Ks called ;^<i, 




KlVik*nr}KL{}n?barmacy] the Jra-^ 
Han mmc of Colocynlbis, zsTrochi/caAl-. 
handalit are Trochees compo fed ol ioU' 
cynthis. Bdellium and Gum Tragacaiab, , 

A'LlASy a fecond or further wric tifue^ 
froni the courts at iVfJimmJlet^ after a Ca' 
fias iflued ouc «rithouc effrft. 

ALIAS, DiB. is co afcercain the nam 
and additions of che defendanc io ciedara ^ 
cions for debt on bond, JsTC. 

A'LIBLE [alibiiist L. J nouriffaable, noc" 
rifliing. '^ 

ALIENATION, a making over, 0^^ 
giving the right and property of a thin' ^ 
CO another} alfo the drawing away 0^ 
eftranging the affe&ioos of one perfd" 
from anotbe-.. 

ALIENATION Qfice, tn office to whk ^ 
all writs and covenants and entry, opo 
which fines are levied and recoveries fn-' 
fered, are carried, co have fines for alic'^ 
nation Tec and paid thereon. - 

ALIENI'LOQyY {alitrnhquium, L.] = 
calkiag wide from the purpoie^ or noc c 
the matter in hand. 

ALi'FEROUS lalifer, L.] bearing e^ 
having wings. »; 

A'LIFRED [aliyjieto, 5tt.] tUowe 1 
or permitted. 

ALl'GEROUS, [al^er^ L.] bearin. c 
carrying or having wings. "i 

To ALI'GHT [alihtan. Sax,"] to g.-: 
oflF the back of an hoife > alfo 10 ietc'; 
upon as a bird. 

A'LIMA [of <c privative, and \ifd^ 
Gr. hunger] medicines which either pu\ 
vent or alTuage hunger. L< ti 

AaiUENT [in a Medicinal fcnfe] a^ 
that which may be diffblv'd by the fe> 
menc or natural heat of the ftomach, ar^ 
converted into the juice call'd ChjU^ v>^ 
repair che continual wafting of the par^ 
oi the body. 

ALIME'NTAL [alimentalis, L.] pe , 
taining to nouriibment. ■ ^, 

AlIMENTA'LIS r)«5ia [with Anatt^ 
mifls'] the gullet, ftomach and bowel, ^^ 
which make but one continued duA Iq^ 
canal. v, 

ALIME^NTARINESS [o(alimentarmi. 
L.l nourifliing quality, -I 

ALIMENTARY Z>Hfl [AnatooKf] tbi 
part of the body through which the to^ 
paiTes, from its reception into the moui 
CO its exit at the^oBM, dr,-. 
guUj Jiomacb and Incellines, Dr. 7)/^' 
alfo ic is fometimes us*d tor che 7fr^ 
racick DuS 

ALIPJE'NA ['AXiVa/w, Gr.] plaiftCi, 
chat hsve no fat in them. X. .^ 

ALlPA'SMA PAKiirt^c^ «, Gr. a th?»^ 
thac facteosj « lox c of fiye powder, mi: - 

Digitized by VnOOQlC 


>tt qS! ta order to bm roA*i into the 

&%im>E (tfCr^^, L. of ^x « bird, 
wd fust io otj n mble, fwift of Iboi* 

iU^TERT [^spterium^ L. of «cXf4r. 
Hbb», Gr J s f :aco belongi g to, or an 
wfurwsm ia baclis, ^rbere perfenswere 

AUSA'KDEKS, rhe herb Lovige. 

UrroHGESY IMitmgefia^ L. or«Xi- 
*uari.,6r.] & fmchifemenc, or ezem« 
pnQ-rc^i 8CV poblick office or charge. 

AIKAII [Co called from ihe AraBick 
fictirie al sadK^«J an berb, called o- 
Advifr Sfllr-vort or Giafi-wmn^ which 
* a kiBd of lea-blite, aiid one of the 
fodytl Btgrediencs in makiog glafs, and 
rf^^fb 1 |fekc qu.iniity of this kind oi 
ftfe, tad U e'cher fixed or volacile. 

AUALl S^itj^ are onlf acids concen- 
tnsej in ^little molecules of earth, and 
■■3d iviih certain particles of oil by 
Ike aeaae of fire. 

lot AXKALIES C^ch Ctymifij'i are 
Bide hf boTDiog theplant/Ciili, )^. and 
hm% Blade a KziTiumt or lee of the 
■Ao, ilcratisg that lee» and eyaporacirg 
ibe eniftare of it by a teocle hear^ fo 
dhJK che fist fair may be Mft at the boc- 
«a of cbe vefiel. This fixt Talc beii g 
Radex'd very poroos by the fire han'ng 
^M. b ofien chrongb it in iis calcina- 
cio^ aal probity by iizing there fome 
af Kt eflemial fait ; and becaufe fhar 
My o# the fiery partidcs do alfo aick 
■ chafe pores, whea any acid Hquor is 
■^kd with ir, canfes a very great e 
iaEScs<ai or eflaivefcence . 

r^imie ALKALIES Iciymfiry] are 
Ae vobtile fairs of vegetables, which 
«« lb calFd bccaiiie they wiJl fernent 

ALL [al, Ax.] the whole* 

ALL (ta names proper or common] 
l^m to be Aerived from 6alb, S^» old 
M Bwd ii^ to tfae cnftom of the Normans 
fl) being liq^xadated into u m^ket au^ 
• ftfmwt andently written Albbynn, 
td Mdi^tom. Aun^oo. 

AtlABORATlON, a labouriiig ftre- 
•Bfiy. L ^ 

UA'BOKATfiNBSS, a being wall 

1» A'lL ATR ATE [dUatratum^ L.] to 
faih at or againft. 
I ilUlTDABLB lamtdabU'is^ L. ] 
F<Ki auiiby. 

ALLSEED, a plant fo called from its 
*a aj i <tM with ieed* 

ALL-GOOD, the herb Mercury, or 

■ JXtkTf^ the tMipecins aod mixture 
« achir aieiak wiU gold tnd fiWer. 


ALLEGO'RICALNGSS [of aUejgarifiei 
V. aUegoriciUt L. of «t\xi>ac**6ff, <Jr.j 
being an aliesf^ry. 

A'LLEGORY [dyj^try^A^ oi akkiC 
another, ant tf'^o^Ja I < .y, Gr.J a (ayiqg 
one thing, and mewitng another. It is a 
coocinoed metaphor, in which words there 
is fomething couch*d, dtfferrnt from the 
litcr-il fenfe, and the tiguratire manner 
of fpeech is carried on through the whole 
difcourfe i or it may be defined to be 
a (cries or continuation of metaphors, as 
that allegory in Horace^ Uh. i. Ode 14. 

ttovis referent m mare te ntvi fiuc^ 
tust ire. 
Where by the >br^ is meant the comrnan^ 
weaitb i by the waves the civil war§ 
by tiie port peace a^d concord ^ by the 
oars /oidiersf by the mariners magif- 
tratesy Jjrc. 

ALLELU'JAH, the herb wood-forrel^ 
or French forrel. 

ALLER [with ancient IVriters^ a word 
uTed to exprels the fiAerlative degree, as 
otter good the greareit good. 

ALLER SANS JOUR [Laie phrafe} 
i* e» to go without a dayj itfi^nifiestd 
be finally dirmifs'd the court \ another 
day of appearance being appointed. 

ALLE'RIONS [in Herat 

dry] are Anall bids painted ' ^ '* 

urtthout * eak or leet, liko 
the martlet or martinet- O- 
thers f*Y^ they are like ea- 

}|tes wiihout beak or feett 
o called, becdufe they have 
nothing peifeil but the wings; that they 
diflFer from martlets^ in that their wings 
are expanded and the martlets are dole s 
and alio that they are not reprefented 
facing as the AUerions are, as io the fi- 

A^LEY [in a Garden'\ a ftraic paraU 
lel walk* bordered or bounded on each 
hand with trees, ihruhs or other low 
plants, as box, ^c, fome diftioRuifl) an 
alley from a path, in that an alley muft 
be ^ide enough lor two perlons to walk 

ALLEY, in a Compartment, is an alley 
which feparares the fquares o a parterre* 

C>}umer ALLEY, a little alley by tho 
fides of a f;reat one. 

A Diagfnal ALLEY, is one thi^t curs a 
fquare, parterre, thicker, Iffc, from angle 
to angle. 

Front ALLEYi U one which runs ftraic 
from the front of a building* 

ALLEY m TerfpeSrve, is that which 
is larger ac the entrance than at the if- 
fue, in order CQ mako the leogch appear 

B A Wrmfiftrk 

Digitized by VjOOQ \ ^ 


naifiwre ALLEY, an aVty wUch 
Cttis a trooc alley ac righc angles. 

An ALLEY in Ziczac^ to alley which 
bas coo great a idefcenc, and by leafoo 
of chat it liable to be injured by ^oods^ 
to present the ill eSt&$ of which it has 
ufually platbands of turf running acrofs 
it from fpace to fpace, which are of 
fervice to keep up the grtvel ; alfo an 
•lley in a labyrinth or wildemefs is fo 
eallody which is formed by federal re- 
corm of angles, in order to render it 
more folitary and obfcure, and to con- 
^COal its iiTue. 

ALLIAOIIA [with Jnatomiftsl an herb 
whofe tafte is like chat of garlick ; cal- 
1^ fauce alone, or J4ck by the hedg«, 
^mfbns. X 

ALLl'fiD [dTiV, F.] matched, onicedy 
ftir^ joined by lea'e. 

Tb A'LLIGATB [ afiidtum, L. ] to 
biiid CO. 

ALLIGATOR, a binder. L. 

ALLIGATOR, a kind of a PTift mdi- 
pn crocodile, an amphibious creature, li- 
ving bo:h on land and water % t hey grow 
ts lone as they live, and fome are eieh- 
t^n &et in length, and proportionably 
large, they have a musky imell foftroog, 
that the air h fcenced for an hundred 
paces round them, and alfo the water ihey 
lie In. 

ALLIGA'TURE [aUigstkfa, L. ] » 
finding or tying to. 

ALLI'OTH [FtmgatiGn] a fiar in the 
tall of Vrfa major^ ef much ufe to na* 
•i^ators in finding out the latitude, the 
lieighc of the pole, }gfe, 

ALLIOTICUM [in Tbamocy] a me- 
£cine that alters and purifies the blood 
^y Its cleanfing quality. 
• ALLl'UM fwiihBofi«i/M gafli^k- i- 

ALLO'DIUM [CmU hm] a freehold, 
ievery man's own land or eltaie chat he 
^ofleifTes, merely in his own rights not 
yielding any frrviccs to another, and is 
oppofed to f^o4w$» 

ALLOfTHETA [with Grammarians^ 
m figure that varies trom the common 
xules of Syntax', upars ablire, 
' ALLONGE [in Arnc/j^] a thruft or 
vaft ac the enpmy. 

^ A'LLOQPY [aUoqmum, L.] calking 
with anOThef. 

ALfOW'ABLENBSS [of 4ffo«tr» F. J 
^inc' allowable. 
^ ALLO'Yl lahy^ F.] p, certain qqan- 

ALL A'? I titv or proportion of folbe 
fiafcr 'metal mix(»d with a finer or pii. 
ttxt aiid fo the ^quantity of copper or 
filler that U mixed with jgold, to make 
Ic of a Aie hardneft for coining, is c«]. 
M tilt dUaji of i( j and if m«ctl hare 

mora of this than ic oqght tolMviBt ^ 20> 
(aid CO be o/tf ^m«yr cr C9mferaim^ i 

To ALLOY laUyer^ F.J to nix as 
baifr meul wich a teer or purer. 

ALLUBE'SCENCY laUid>efimUd, LJ: 
a wiUingneft } al£» concent. 

AfLLUM ialumtMt L.] a mineral weU. 

S^iecbariHe ALLUH, a compofitloQ of 
allum, rofe>wacer, and whices of cgg^r 
boiled CO the confiftenoe of a pafte, 

Pfumofit ALLUM, a fore of faline mi. 
neral ftone^ moll common W white, in«< 
clinins co green, which riws in chrMdi^ 
and bbres, refemblioga feather. 

ALLUM [with dnwucal ll/^ 
ffriters] U exprefled by one f* ■ 1 1 1. 
oi thefe charaaers. ■*— ■ ^^-^ ' 

ALLU'RINGNESS [of Af and iurej. 

ALLU'SION, a fpeakins a thing wick" 
reference to another i and fo an allnfion, 
is made to a cuftom, hiftory, Jjfic. wkea^ 
any chfpg is fpoken or written chat haa' 
reiacion to ir. 

ALLUSION riaRhitCf'tck] a dalUaiir«\ 
or playing with words alike in foiaid,^ 
but unlike in fenfe, by changing, adding^; 
or taking away a letter or two. 

ALLU^SIYENISS [of 4ffi#>* t.] tbi 
having an allufion to. 

ALLU'VIA, little iOets chrown op by 
the violence of the ftream. 

ALLU'VION. [in tbe ChfU 1^3 eo ao^ 
ceifion or accretion along the ieirftoreg^ 
or the banks oi large riven, hf cenpeAi 
or inundarioos. 

ALLU'VIOUS laUmnus^ 1^3 0Te^* 
flowing. "^ 

A'LMA [of dbMa of jfMib, Z. non- 
rifliing, Jgrc.] nourilhii^ Ibfteriog, ch«- 
liQiin^, as aima matr CaguMgU^ tkv" 
fofiering mother Camtri4g0» ' 

ALMACA'NTORS twkth Jftranmmnl 
circles of aicicude parallel co the liorisoii»'^ 
the common pole of wfaick ia la the Ui^ 
mtb. Arab* 

ALMICA'NTERAHS 1 . . _^ < 


ALMACA'I^TOR Sug [with MLOt-^ 
maticians] an inftruoMnc of box or pear*^ 
wood, wich an arch of x| degrees, fof^ 
taking obfervaclont of che fun at his ri- 
fing or fecciog, co find che afapUcodfl^'i 
aiid thereby che variaiioa of che com* h 
pais. •• • • •>. 

ALMADB, an mdim boat nidB of ^ 
oDd Incire place of cimber. " ' I 

41.MANACK, diftrtbHcioQ or niOBbcr*) 
ing. Arab. ^ 

ALMBRIoaA. See AInmmum. V 

AaMNfia. U^Atmmr. 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 


iUODAlU [Jm Mm] lor Js of 
kwasRii lof^spmaoBQc 

lUM'N. Sec BrmikJImom. 

lAJIONUiricbe office or lodgingt 

max I of cbe^alnooer, tub 
deyiKC vkie tliDi ire glvco. 

AlMOm) [mgijiata^ JU] a fori of 

iLMOND AfMcr [with li](fatfri] a 
has i« (cpandng all Ibnt of meiala 
ft«drieis» piecct of JBdung pou, and 
•kricbfc Uiflti. 

ALMONDS 9f Ai Tbroai^ aie the 
|bii!oai fabftttce, placed on each fide 
di Ml K the rooc of the tongue, re- 
tea| cvo ksneUs thefe receive the 
iriiworlpiuiefroB the braio, and dif- 
(de s zo tlK toogue, jaws, throat and 

felo sotila (beo^ sod make them 
. neTe beiM bamra'd and fovell'd 
firtfioU, Igfc. ftiiighien the paOage of 
Ik Aroac, mi reader it painful and ^i- 
iaknhnUov ciea the fpittle. This 
aoU 1 /m ThreA, and by iboe rf e 
/ifif/ tir tffamd/ of t^ Mrr. 

AUIOND Thrr, a piectj tall tree re- 
Mif a peacbKree, one of the firft 
m dot bloom i in flowers are penta- 
Ncv, id faoged in the roie manaer 
%Kijbe8adlii]» of a porple red colour, 
otfaibASDeftewina garden. Theie 
MBpovfreMeotlysii Cammy^ flraact, 
^ M an^koooriog countries, alfo in 
ikoAeia coontrka, elpeciallf in the 
%I«daar ihi riTor yardm, and the 
himMmads arecfteemed the befts 
^piiioii the flower becomes a fleffli? 
■^ vkkk cootaifli a lead, which u 
^Smtdy tnd which drops out when it 
*BB fit BKarfty I it la of two foru, the 
■Mai the bitter. 

AtMONER 1 an ecdefiafUcal oflicer 
/UQia f oftteking,^.whofe 
<i* n to take care of the dtftribotion 
^i^M Che poor, to vific the fick, to 
M^ sU thiags given in aloas § aUb 
tern by mffadveotures, and the goods 
attntherers, fere 

OWnr [Al-mcjne, Air.] for the 

_ ^ CO Che poor. 

4«raOH [Almejrveoh, Acclaims 
*■% ^«ir peace, ancieofly paid in 
■hid Abiv, by our Saxm anceftors 
• ikMot jt^nfi^ called alfo S^me- 

AUaXTAVraU. See MmacmUars, 
*^G Hw, a Ibrt of flne wood 
^oaaooK Utmam. 
JlW^li, • grovt of alder trees, 


JttfEM^^ffta, Gr.] that which 


AlMIS [with BoiA^i} tbe eUer 
tree. X. 

AXOES CAXob Gr.] the gum or jnict 
of a tceegrowinfl eipeciaUy in tg;^. 

tftick ALOES, IS fo called tromb^ 
iog o^ the colour of the Uver* 

Succotrim ALOES, is fo called from 
SKotra, an ifland near Tm^mhm in £• 

Cabdlim AIX>BS, is fo catted becaofe 
nfed byiarriefi on horfes^ it Is the coer*. 
fer forr. 

ALO'GII [of m neg. and x;>k, Gf. 
the word] hereticks who deny*d that /e* 
fiu cbrUt'wtA the eternal word. 

A'LOGY r«rX0).l«, Gr.] uoreafooaUe* 
nefs» efpecially in eating. 

ALOPBCl'A UXMifni*^ of dK^M( 
a fox, Gr. the fox-evil ) a dtfeafe called 
the fcorfy when the hairs iall from tha 
head by the roots. 

4ra( a fox, if^ a tail, and ^/»r fori% 
Gr,J the herb fox- tail graJs. 

ALOPE'CURUS [ «\Mrfi«rfsr, Gr. ] 
tailed wheat* fox-rail. 

ALOUl> [of pou'b. Sax.'] foudly^ 
with a ftrong and audible voice* 

AXPHAECT fin Foi^t^fhi « ^^^^ 
cace of the key of a cypher, widch is 
kept by each of the parties who correC- 
pond together. 

ALPHEtA [H/frMOMyl a ftar of the 
fecond magnitnde i alfo oiled ludds C^ 

ALPHinrnX>N [of ^Xemv, Or. braa 
or mealj an epithet which furgeons give 
to a frafture when the bonca are (iniuh'd 
or cnmibled to pieces.' 

A^LPHOS [«Afof, Or.] % ferrof mor- 
phew or white fpeck on tbe skb, difieriitf 
£rom the Uuetf in chat ftpierces not le 
deep as the LntCi. 

ALRATICA lAtdick Term] thofo 
whofe genitals, either male or femate* 
are not perforated. 

ALSI'NB [ffx^iva. Or.] cbickweed. 

ALT [in JA^I] high, fee^ro. 

AXTARS [diwritf, of jl^iu high, or 
Mt^t L* height, beaofo they were 
ufiiallyereaedia high places] theandenc 
heathens, whsn they oflered facrifice to 
the celeftial deities, ereded their aUart 
on rhe brows or tops of moontaini } anfl 
when they facrifioad to the terreflriai 
deities, te whom they aferibed tbe care 
and toicion of the earth, they ereded their 
altars on the plain foperlicies of the earth i 
but whsn they facrificed to the infernal 
deities, they did ic tn grotto\ caves, and 
other gloomy recedes. 

ATLTAR of FreeWf [ among the 
Ort^} a flaaU preparatory elur, where- 

Digitized by VjOOQ IC 


«■ they blefs the hread before they c^trry 
ic to the altar, where they perform the 

A'LTERABLBNESS [of aUerare^ L,] 
Kiblenefs-ro be altered. 

AaTERNANT [iUteranj, L.] a pro- 
^rty or power in certain, by 
"Which ihe¥ induce an alteration in the 
iKxiy^ and difpofe it for health and re- 
tovery* by corre£iiag fome indiCpofition 
'wichom caufing any (enfifale evacuation. 

ALTER A'TION [with NaturtHJis'} 
that motion whereby a natural body is 
chatted or varied in fome circumftances 
from what ic really was before, tho' as 
CO rhe nature and bulk, they appear to 
fenfe the fame. 

ALTE'RCUM [with Botamfit] hen 

A'tTBRN \aUemus^ L.] by changes. 

To ALTE'RNATB [aUemare, L.J to 
ilo by coorfe or turns, as an alternate 
atficet L e. an office which is difcharged 
by turns. 

ALTE'RNATE LeoDes [of PJaiUi^ «re 
thofe where thaie is a correfpondence 
lietween the fides of a branrh ; the leaves 
•fche one following thofe of the other. 

ALTERNATE Angles [in Oeometry'] 

/ two equal angles made by a 

yC/'T^ Hne cutting two parallels, 

'Y/Vi/ and makes thofe parallel 
'' / the one on one fide and the 

ocher on the other, as x and n, % and jr 
•re alternate angles. 

ALTERNATE Prapefitim [with Geo- 
metricians^ is when in any fee of propor- 
tionals the anreoedents are compared to- 
gether, and the confequents together. 

ALTERNA'TION [by fome Hatbem.] 
isufed for the difiereoc changes and alte- 
rations of order in any number oi things, 
as the changes rung on bells, Iffc* 

ALTE'RMATENESS 1 [alternation 

deilion bycourfe. 

ALTB^RNATIVELY {aUetnativementy 
P,J by turns. 

ALTE'RNITY taitemhast L.] inter, 

ALTH/E'A [dxB-diU of a*>^*iy«F. Gf. 
to heall wild or mar<h*mallows. JL 

A'LTIGRADB [aitigradiu, L.] going 
«n high, afcendiig aloft. 

ALTiaOQUENCB [of 4lf/%ttnw, L.] 
talking loud or high. 

ALTILO'QUIOUS latihquus^ L.] 
talking a^oud ; alfo of high matters. 

ALTI'LOQUY [altiloqmum, L. ] loud 
talk ; alio ot high things. 

ALTI'METRY [of aUa high things 
and metirif L. to meafure] a part of 
|eomcujr that teaches the method of u 


kiofi and meafurinc heights, whether tcZ 
cefHble or inacceiSble* 

ALTrON f of alere^ L. to nourift] « 

ALTI'SONOUS {altifinut. L] found- 
ing high, loud, fhrill, dear, ^c. 

A'LTITUDE of the Pole [mAfhononQ 
and Geography] is the height or numbei 
of de|[rees, that the pole in any UritudQ 
is rus*4 or appears above the horizon. 

ALTITUDE oftf Triangle l^n Geomehy2 
is the length of a right line lec 
fall perpcndiculir from any of ^s. 
the angles on the lide oppofice \^»> ^ 
CO that angle from whence it ^ 
falls, and may be either within /^^ 
or without the tri.ngle, as is jL i"\ 
mirked by the pricked lines In the figurt 

The ALTITUDE of a Rhombus [In 
Geometry] or of a ^hnmhoides^ ^ 
isa right line let tail pel p: 

dicu aily ffv^m any angle 

the op *ofite fide to that angl^, andii mij 
be either within or wirhout the figure, 
as the prick* 1 l=nes in the figure annex'd' 

ALTITUDE [with Afironomers] the 
height oi the (un. m^on, planets, or point 
of the heavens compiehenaed between the 
horiron and pirallcl Jrcle of a tiiucfe, oi 
between the :tar or afligned point in th< 
heavens and «he horiton. 



Meridian ALTITUDE of the Susip ai 
arch of the meridian, contained berweei 
the fun nd the horiKoii> when the fun ii 
in the meridian. 

Apparent ALTITUDE of the !^m, dec 
[in Aflronomy} Is what it appears to ouj 

Real ALTITUDE 7 [in Aftranon^'] th^ 

TYue ALTirUDE f from which th^ 
I etr^f^'on has been fubtra&ed. 

ALTITUDE of the Equator [A/fronJ 
the complement of the ahi udeofihc poli 
to a quadrant of a circle. 

ALTITUDE of the Nonag^fimai [A/hro 
namyl 'S the altitiid%of ihe x9:hdegre 
of the ecliptick reckoned from the eai 

ALTITUDE [In Opticksl is the per 
pendicular fpace of place betwixt the bal 
ai]d the eye, or height ot the vifual pois 
above the bafe. 

ALTITUDE o/tff/^iir^ [with Geonsc 
tricians"] the perpendjcular diftance be 
t ween the vertex and the bafe. 

ALTITUDE of Motion [Mechaniclt^ 
the meafure oTany motion counted accor< 
ing to the line of direSion of the moi 
ing force. 

Digitized by LjOOQIC 

heavens ana me noriton. 

ALTITUDE f n Cofmegraphy] h i 
perpendicular hf^'gbt of a body or obje 
or its diftance from the horiion upwards 


Ciyn^s^ ft fore of 
pots ufed tofubli- 
iDAcionti cfaeyhsTe 
no boctom, M are 
acted imo oiie aoo- 
ther, as raanjr as 
here is occafion. 
Ac the boctom* in 
the furnace, chere 
IS a pot holdMiff 
the matter chac is 
to be fttbloied, end 
at the top there is 
* head to receive 
the fl >wers that 
ALTE'OLUS, any wooden veflel msde 

telJcw, as a tray. L, 
kVfVOil Dmiiwm [yfiih JusnamifisJ 

^kaboithe jaws in which tike ceeib 

, iin FLUXUS [ with Ptfficuaul t 

A'UJU [BoUBKjf] the herb comfiey. 
AlUME)^ alum, t mineral fait. 
AinmATED tabmmuUiu, i.Jdoiic 

AIDTA, ieuber. I. 

AITOS f^ifetftaeijrj is fometimes ufed 
ktkateftta^l tube from cheftomach to 
^Ani I. 

AlTOS [with Ptjficum^ U ufed for 
Ae iiie sad condiclon of the excre- 
ttvioaBatiied within tbac bsllowners. 

AIT'SSON faXaVw, Gf.J comfrey. 

UTTA'tCHA [dXjurufX^, Gr] a 
<&' o&CT of the pubiidt games and 
^i laony the Gr^c'iiy tnd particular- 
> ^ pricft of jiatiocb in ^/if, ^^ho 
^ tD fee good order Jcepc at fucb 


^[€^iB, Sax J as I am. 
AMABiaiTY lamabiHtmt, L] unia- 
fcsea, lOTclinefs. 

AMaFRO'SE, the Guna Serena^ • dlf- 
tfciacbe finews of the fighr. 
A M>r « iitf;^ed ^ipord AMAIN, \t 
« aaci u to command another ibip te 
■Berber toplkil. 
WilGAM 7 [of JLfA* rogfctber, 
ttilGAMA J and yyini to join, 
^\ naTs of msrcurj united and incor- 
1^ with ibme meral. 

AMA'LGAMA (wi(h 

Ctynucai ffritersj is 

ezpreiTed by one of 

thefe charaSer9* 

T<» AMALGAMATE, Is to mix mer- 

I J^ •itJi fo^t filver, yc, to resfuce it 

^l^tk'ndof pafte, to be ufed in gilding, 

V» Of to change It to aa inptlpable 

Mtti«]i9 to BojA^ apytUogifiCoa 



foftnefiy effecially fort medicTnal tA^ 
this operation is deaoted by chymifts by 
the tetters AAA. 

AMANDATlON, a conunanding oa 
fending oat of the way. £. 

AMA^ACUMl [ 'A^*>««^, of m 

AMA'RACUS I priv. and MApainfim^ 
Gr» ] -the herb fweec marjoram. 

AMA'RA-DULCI$» the herb bitter-. 
(Weec. L 

A}AkKk'trruS luteui [BotoK^J flower 
maudlin, or baitazar with a jellow 
flower. X. 

AMARaNTUS faaptreus [BatMfJ 
flower gen:U with a purple flower. X. 

AMARBtLA [with Botmfis] fererfeci 
or milkworr. X. 

AMA'RULENCa Iwimidentls^ L.) 

AMATO'RCULIST Imnaiwcidut, L.J 
a trifling fweet-heari, a general lover. 

An A'MATORY iamatorium^ L.J • 
philter to cau(e love. 

AMAX(yBlANS loiiCt/jm^A a chartoc] 
a people who had neither houfes nor 
cents, but dwelt io chariots. Anc* Gi^r* 

AMA'ZBDNESS [of a and (Oaf e, Sax»i 
the being amaied, aftonifliment. 

A'MBAGES, a circumvolution or long 
detail of words remote from the tm^ 
icope of the matter i a compafs or fetch- 
about of words; a tedious leiigthenliip 
out of a flory. 

AMBA'GIOUS [amti^kfast L.] full 
of far-ferch'd fpeeches. 

A'MBER UfAjSxf, Cr.] a fort of hard 
gum of a bright yellow colour, of which 
there is good ftore in Pr^ffia. It is faid 
CO grow like coral on a rock in tha 
North-Sea^ and being broken off by th« 
waves is ca& up on the fliores- and into 
the harbours. Tliny and others will hav« 
it a refinous juice ifljiing from old pinea 
and firs> and being difcbarged into tba 
fe4 and bavii^ undergone there fome ai* 
teration is thrown on the ftores.^ Others 
fuppcfe ic a bitumen trickling into tha 
fea from fubterraneoos fources, 

AMBER GREASE 1 a fragrant drug, 

AMBER ORIS 1 which melt« ai« 
mofl like wax, of an afli or gicyiih co* 
lour; it is nfed both by apothecariea 
as a cordial, and by perfumers as a fcent. 

liquid AMBER, i« a fort ,of native 
balfam or refin, refembling turpemioe^ 
clear, of colour reddifli or yellowilh, of 
a pleafant fceor, almoft like that of am* 

Oi/ CHAMBER, is a fine yellow crtnf- 
parem, ponderous oil, procured after tha 
fpirit, by augmcntiitf tba degree of fire. 

S^it •f AMBER, is an acid liquor 
drawn iroa amber, by ^^'*^**i[5it,^ 

Digitized by VjOOQ V ^ 

}r amhilogiumf L. 
[ ambiloquiymy L. 


fifinfflg It Is « lind batfi, IffC. 

A'MBIDBNS, ft flteep that has teeth on 
hoth iidet, both upper and lower, a hog* 
l»l, t cheave. L. 

AMBIDE'XTER, tpreraricator.tjack 
«B both fides. X. 

dexter t L.] the nfing of both hands ft- 

A'MBIBNT dr [with NaturaUfis] the 
•ncompafling air* lo called by way of e- 
flaioencj, becaufe it furrounds all liixafi 
on (he furface of the earth. 

AMBIENT BodUs [with rbilofipbers'} 
the fame as circumambient bodies s nt- 
mrftl bodies that happen to be placed 
/ound aboor, or encompafs other bodies. 

A'MBIFORM lamhifarmsp Im] having 
S double form. 

AMBIGU' TCtKikery'] feveral forts of 
meat and pulfe ferv'd up in the Tame 
4lfli i ftlfo a banquet of meat and fruit 
liwv'd together. 
louble fpeakinfr. 

AMBI'LOQUOUS lamhilo^us, 1.] 
double-tongued, fpeakmg doubtfully. 

^ A'MBIT of a ja^ttre [with Oeometrl 
ritfBi] the film of all the bounding or 
encompafling lines that enclofe It. 

AMBITI(y$ITY latiAitiotfitait L.] am- 

AMBI'TIOUSNBSS [of dmbltteux, Fr. 
smbitiofuit L.] ambition, afpiting mind, 
difp6fition or quality. 

A'MBLE [with Horfemen] U the pace 
or going of a horle } the motion ef which 
Is two legs of a fide, raifed and fet down 
together, after which the two legs of 
the other fide ri<e, and come down in 
the fame manner s each fide obferving an, 
alternate courfe. 

AMBLE /r«e [with Horfemen] a horfe 
(s faid to amble free, that goes a good 
amble wheo led by the halter in a man's 

AMBLO'SIS f A/4;?XaVir, G^-] an tb 
ortion or miicarria^e. 

AMBLYGCNAL, pertaining to an 

AMBLYOPIA [of d/jiMXtmvU, Gr,J 
^Inefs or dimneis of fight, when the 
chjo& Is not clearly difcern'd, at what 
diftance foever it be placed. 

A'MBO [of d/utMftty Gr, I mount] a 
kind of pulpit or desk ancienlty ufed in 
churches, where the pricfts and deacons 
flood to read and fing part of the fenrice 
and preach co the people. 

A'MBRA [ambjia, Sax, ampbora^ L.] 
t Teflel among the iaxons. It contained 
ft certain meaflnic e( fait, bncter, meal. 


AMBRO'SIA [Botm] the herb Oidt 

AMBRO'SIACK [amircfiacus, LO \ 
longing to or of the quality of Anbinifia 

AMBRO'SIAN Cj^ce lof St. jiadn^ 
Bifliop of Milan] a formula of worfl 
ufed m the church of Miiian. 

A^BRY, a cupboard or fafe for kae 
ing cold yiduals to be given to the poo 
alfo a place where the arms, vefiels, pla 
and all things belonging to houfe- keeps, 
are prefer^d. 

AMBSA'CB [^. d. ambo, i. e* «c 
ambe/a, V.J two aces thrown ac c 
time by dice. 

AMBULA'TIOM, ft walking. X. 

A'MBULATORY lambiOaurius, 1 

going or moving up and down, not bei 
xed to any place s as Jndftdatoty Can 
in oppofition to Sedentary, 

AMBU'RBIAL Sacrtfcet [amoif i 

ILomans] a folemnicy oHeading tbebea 

round the city before they are facrxficc 

AMBO'ST Ismbifiiu, L.] bumc roa 


A ME lo{ Antmerp] ft veflTel contfllni 
So ftoops, each ftoop 7 pints EnglUb mi 
A'MEL, enamel, which fee. 
AME'NABLE [of amener^ P.] tni6 
ble, thftt may be led or Reverned. 

AME'NDABLENBSS loi amendeme 
F. or effundabilUf L.] capftbleoefs of 1 
ing amended. 

AME'NDE [In Prettcb Cufims] m nra 
or pecuniary puniibinenr, impofed by 1 
fentence of the judge for any crime, fa 
profecucion, or groundlefi appeaL 

AMENDE bonorable^ U where a p 
Ton h condemned to come into court, 
into the prefence of fome perfon injan 
and make an open recantation » silfo 
affli&ive pain, carrviog with Ic foi 
note of infamy or difgrace ; as when ( 
perfon offending Is (enienced to go 1 
ked to his (hirt, a torch in lus hfttid, 1 
a rope about hu neck, into a church 
before an auditory, and there beg pan 
of God, or the king, or the court 
fome delinquency. 

^ AME'OS [ with B9tanifls ] the h( 

AME'RIMNON l^M^e^f^m, Gr] 1 
herb aizoon, L* 

AMRRl'NA Salix [of Jmeria in U 
the twig wichy. 

A'METHYST [in Seraldn] H i 
purple colour in the coats of^noblemt 
which is called purpure in the coats 
lower gentry, and Meraay in thoJe 
foveraign pnnces. See purpfure. 

«wr,Gr« jche beft iort of catboaclesot mhi 

Digitized by VnOOQlC 


Tf ilCUHUi ImetMr^ P. to reii^ 
hi aoieaUe] ■ ier«i ufed by French 
IviBKrs cODcennig the rulcufe of earth 
vftb tas IndDiited by lexwcb of time, 
ir te tlisrt of crdk formed oyer it by 
pat ru'ci, ftonm, wverings, )c)rc. a d 
K igilfis CO render the earth loufe and 
■walkc, ckac wateriofs may pcnc- 

iMFUCnKKSITY 1 Tof mi^aC' 

AWFll'CTOOOSNESS r ^ tiK^tm, L.] 
Hsi or rararngs and windings* 

AlOULEiAa£^/ [in AritbmeticJt] 
M nnben chac ire mumaUy equal co 
^ vl»)e foiB of one another's aliquor 
fK% u tte number aS4 and xio > for 
(Kfati^iber 184 it efoal to the fum 
if iS the sJifooc parts of the number 
'fi- Tte tKqrioc paru of which are no, 
5J,44> tt, 11, 10, S. 4t », > * a°d "<' 
■«H DO all the aliquot parts of 284, 
« 141, 71, 4. a, I. 

^AIlUBUNBSS rMdffliVifi,!.] love- 
na; lUb friendllDefs. 

AMlCTDS [in jHCiffir VTrk] the op- 
F?^ of tbe fix garments worn by 
fWf r^ romd the neck, covering the 
■* »jaj the heart. 

**fij'i*H l^em terrA fin I^ar] 1. ^. 

* a* the lav ot the land] to be de- 
li'''"' of the Khttry of fwearing in any 
y? ii aodent tames, it was the pu- 
■■■■« of a champion, who was cither 
***.*«« or yielded in fight ; as alfo 
flf^pron who were found goiity in a 
*»ofattyac and of perfoos attainted 

J^Oa 1 [of «>/uo(, Gr. fand] the 
'}fMDM| herb Bifliopt weed. 
'IttltAt, an admiral. 
JMHOf^QTRUM IdfA^in^^f, Cr.] a 
^<< i ioe with nitre and land mix'd 

AWCOLIST lammcoid, L.] one 
■►^•tns by a river. 
WfrCBNOOS laumigenuit L.] born 

* ^ 13, of , or near a river, 
AMOMDM [with Botmfls] the herb 

^'^i tfl^, or M^e •fjitufatem. 
AMQIGI'NB [^/«a/>i»«, Gr.] pelUto- 

'JHMllST [dmarofiUf L.] an amorous 

^^**tOllfNESS ioimtfroTuSt tj 

^iOWHOUS [ofiflM0r]f»^,L. *^sp 
ft Qr»] withoot form or Ihape, ili 

^WTOA^-ION 1 [in law] the 
^^MTllHhlENT f aa ot turning 
yMaco a ortmaio, i #. of alienating 

* nttaTeiiiiig iham to fome corpora- 
^Mtr focnity, and choir fuc- 

A M 

cAflfbrt. Sfe MoTtmabu 

To AMORTl'ZB ,in Z^] to malt* 
over lands or tenemo.ts to a corpora* 
lion, \ffc. 

AMPfiLlTES {dfAViKittt of afxinxlty 
Gr. a vine] ^ kind or 'Ik or oiiuml- 
nous earth, ufcd about vines to make 
them (hrive the better s liiro to bhcken 
the eye-b'ows -xni tbe ha'r with 1. 

AMPELODfe'SMOS [or «^9iAi(^ sod 
il<rfA@-^ Gr. ii b^ndj an he b th^t th^ 
Sicilians ufed ro tie their vines. 

AMPELOLBU'Cfi [ of ZunthH^ and 
Xf«Kcr, Gr. white] the wtine vl.e ot 
herb briony. 

AMPELOME'LANA Tof <««iA©- md 
fitixansi^ Gr.J bla'-k briony 

AMPELOS AGRl'A [of •Tu^a©- and 
ttyoiA Gr, wild] the wild viiie ad 

AMPELOPRA'SOM [of A/AinyJ^ ^nd 
^e^^t, Gr. a leek] leek vuic, bears 
Ifatlick or ramfons. 

AMPHIA'RTHROSIS [of^^^^^) ^nd «?p« 
d^y a joint] a neutral or dubious kiixi 
ot arc'culation, diftii^uiOied from the 
Diartbro^.s, iu that it has do apparent 
motion,^ a .d fronj the ^ndrthrefis in 
that it is not abfoIuteJy devoid ot mo* 

AMPHI'BIOOSNESS [of ampbi'^ius, h. 
o{ ii/AfiCi^t Or. J amphibious na.ure^ 
livi g on Un^ and in water. 

AMPHIBHA' HIUS lof dfAfi on both 
fi es and fi^tX'"^ (t\ortt Gr.j a 1 > u in a 
verfe either Greelt or Lacitiy th2t has a 
(hort fyilable teJfore and atcerj and a 
long one it the mid-;le 

AMPHlDROMrA [«/xei/^/uia of <u. 
f*^^M^^* Or. to run rountf j a feftlval 
otfcived in Atbehs by pr.y^e iimil^es 
upon the Sfh day after the bi'th ■.' a 
^hild, it being the ruftom for the ^r»T,ps 
to run round the 6re with the intuit iu 
their arms; and then having (telivc-ed it 
to thenurfe, they were entertained wiib 
teaftine an< da-ring. 

A\;PHl'lOGY <i/jifi\iryU, dr.] ad 
ambigui-y oi fpeerh. 

AMPHlMfi'TRION fof *>#i about 
and /u^r^ the wombf Gr.] 'he nei^h* 
bour'n^ parts of 'he womb. 

AMraiPRO'stYios 1 rdf,u*eJ^^ 

AMPHIPKO'.^TYI.E f \(^, Gr.] 
a teiln in ArcbiteSun^ nCed uF thn:e 
temples in ancient um<^$ whch had tcu^ 
columns or pLlars in the honr^ and the 
fame nurriHer l>i»hipd. 

AMPHl'SMILF r >f »/U(pl about ind 
tfAt>ji,Gr* a reran p k"'-] an 
mei t ufcd iu dine6lior.S of h'sman bo- 

( eioHg 

Digitized by VjOOQ IC 


tloiu ftone of t gold colour, having the 
fame qualiry with the load-ftone, attrtft- 
>ng g Id, 9s that does iron. 

AMPHY'CTIONES [fo called of Am- 
fbySion the fon of HelenuSt who firft in- 
ft'rured them] magiftratcs ofthe fupreme 
tribunal of Greece^ or the parliament of 
Greece ; being the prefidents ofthe mem- 
hers which were fe^t from the feven 
principal cities of Greece^ who deter* 
mined both private and publick difpuces. 
A'MPLENESS [amplitudo^ L.] large- 
nefs of extent. 

To AMPLl'FICATH Im^f.eam^lJ] 
to amplifyy augment or enlargr. 

EAftem AMPLITUDE, is the diilance 
between the point wherein the ftar rifes, 
•nd the true point of eall in which the 
eqtU'or and horizon inter fed. 

mftem AMPLITUDE, is the diftance 
o{ the point wherein the fun fets, and 
the true point of weft in the equinoc- 

AMPLITUDE, of the range of a pro. 
jeaile, is the horizontal line, fubtending 
\ihe pa^h in which it moved. 

AMPLIVA'OOUS [amplivi^us, 1.] 
that wanders w ide, or far and near, that 
ftrerch'*s out far, having a large fcope. 

To A'MPUTATE [amfutare^ L. to cut 
off} in gardening, to lop or prune. 

AMSDO'RFIANS [of ^jwdorf their 
leader j a k€t in the (ixieenth century, 
who maintained that good works were 
not only unprofitable, but even oppodte 
and pemici'^us to falvation. 

AMURCA, the mother, dregs or lees 
•f oil. £. 

AMURCO'SITY lamurcofitas^ L.] the 
bavini! lees, drcggrnefs. 1,. 

AMY'GDALA ['A/xio^AXii, Gr.l the 
almond tree or its fruct. 

AMY'GDALA [with AmAom-Jit] the 
almonds of the earsj the fame as pU' 
rifthmjjt and tonfiilg, 

AMYGDALI'NE [anr^dalJmis.L,^ the 
iarae as amfgdalicious^ i. e. ok or pertaLi 
ing to almonds. ' 

AMYGDALITES [ * kfjurylu3^ti^ , 
Or.] an herb of the fpurge kind, having 
leaves Hire rhofe of the almond. tree. 

AMY'ON [of <t priv. and fJMS a muf- 
cle, Gr.'] a limb fo emaciated that the 
mu fries fcarce appear. 

A'NA [in PbyfiC'ons bills] is ufed to 
fignify rhat an equal quantity of each 
ingredient is to be taken in coihpouod- 
Ing the medicin;. 

ANA [with Sckoolnun"] as books in 
^na are collections of the memorable 
flyings of perfons of wit and learning, 
much of the fime kind wlih wluc we 
^fually call cable- calk« 


AN JOUR and WASTE. See nor 

ANABA'PTISTON. See ^4&sftfi/}o«. 
ANABA'SII, couriers among the ar 
ents, who travelled either on horfebi 
or in chariots. 

ANABA'SIS [drtfidvn of «>ciS<i 
Gt. to afcend] an afceodiBg ori gecc 
up, an afcenc or life. 

ANABA'SIS [Botml the herb hoi 
hair or horfe-tail. X. 

ANABASIS [with TMc.'\ the gro^ 
or increafe of a di&aie. 

ANA'BROSIS IdtJC^mrit of «»«C^> 
Gr. to eat through] a corroding or c 
inff away* 

ANABROSIS [in &trgery2 • «»" 
ming or wafting away of any pare 
the Dody by fliarp humours. 

ANACALYPTETdA [of i^»«ii«VoV7 
Gr. to reveal] a feaft kept a day aftc 
wedding, when the bride put off her ▼« 
that all might fee her face, which 
then was covered. L, 

ANACA'MPSEROS [ JtAxd/i\%i€ 
Gr.] an herb, which being touch'd 
faid ro be efficacious in reconciling loK 
or friends that are fallen out. 

ANACA'RDIUM, a bean in MalM 
growing in the form of a iheep*s heai 

ANACATHA'RSIS [dfAttn^tt'fTtc 
«>*" above and na^tLlfm^ Gr* to pur) 
a medicine that purges or difcharges 
ture by fome of the upper parts. I 

A'NACHlS [among the Zomans'^ « 
of the four Penates or hou(hoId-g< 
who (they believ'd) from their birth 
tended every body j whofe names w 
Pymon^ u e» power; Tjche^ i*^» fortu 
Heros^ i. e* love, and Anancbe^ i. e. 

ANACHITTES fof «V aud JSirlot, 
to move] a diamond , a fort of preci 
ftone, faid to have the virtue of drii 
away diftempers of the mind, and to 
fend againft poif^^n. 

a monk who retires Irom compao]r» ; 
leads a folifary l^fe by himfelf. 

ANACLETB'RIA [ of i^va and «X 
Gr. to call] feftivals in honour of ki 
and princes, when they took upon th 
the idminiftration of the ftate. 

ANACTCRION ['Ar*it7«e*W|C>r.] i 
herb Sword-grafs. 

^^fjittK<t)(ny Gr\ the ro'ie Mallow^ti 

ANA'DOSIS, [rfv«£/orif . Gr] abui 
ing forth, a bubbling as water does. 

ANAOA'LUS [«>«>««wir, Gr.] 
herb Pimperrel. 

ANAGALLIS ^^<K2t7Ctf {Bototiy] S 
purQiia or ^o^lii&e* 



MSAGAtUS S^i^^i [BotatfJ the 
ktzh Calres-inont. 

c m of engrft^ing* clufiiig or imbo^ 


fc^SBBiBf to mffteriet, mj^ical, myfte- 
■oai, iku hat an ezahed or uncommon 
M]fo cbat exalts the mind 

ANA'GTRIS C 'Ayi^>»e^, Gr. ] Beao> 
ccfeilv aa kerb. 

ANAlTlS, a godieft of the ArmeHi- 
mu ; the fuse as Succatb Smotb oi the 
A tike romf of Armmay who 

^d'a tcavle are&ed to her, in which 
vixcStt pr«ft?tiiccd tbemfelves before mar* 
Bi|e. See Fentf. The likecuftom was 


ANAISTH£S1'A To{dii and aid'n^/tf* 
fir.j a lo^ of, or defeft of feofe, as iu 
fad as bave tbe palfy or ate bUfted. 

Aft ALEIAMA [with ^oaofarrrj an 
aRho^tapbical projefiion of the fphere, 
•a jjm. pUiD of the mertdian, the eye 
bebi ftifpofed to be at an infinite dif- 
ton^ and either in the eafl or weft 
foian of tke borixon. 

INALEMMA {Afif<mmj'] an InEru 
■^ a kind of aftiolabe made either oi 
h^ er wood, eoofifting of the furot- 
nt of the £iBie pro}e&ioo« with an ho- 
naa or carfor fitted to it, ufed for 
iaiig fbe fnn'a rifiog and fecring, }*fe. ' 

ANaOGESY {muOgifia L. A'r<X>»W«, 
Csl an iodolcncy, a beiqg free bom pam 

* lal^ifi, !• of «f4X0)ix«r,Gr.j the 
Uf proponionaL 

, AMaXOGOUS r4Ml9gai/,L.] penatn- 
■| so aaatogy, adtverable in proporiiooy 
■■fiAliilL or bearing relation to. 

ANAaOGY [dtAxiyU of «tW and Xt- 
|t^«. Gr.J like reafoo, propouion, cor- 
■tmJuiiB I relation which feveral cbtngs 
bodier refpefis bear to one another. 
AMAtOCY [with OrammarioHs'} the 
Uaqg of a oooD, or the coiyogacioo 
4 a v^ aficofdiot to iu rule or lUn* 
mftrsii rwldb Chmfij'} the de* 
[ of a mixK oody, or the re- 
' tance into its firft prin* 

AIULYSIS £with tt^tCiOisl U the 
I ^^j^ ^ fiodiqa out troth, and i^be' 
I Jir • the method of eonrincing others of 
|aovh alreadr feood out. It is the at- 
I ^iMB the oiud gives to what it knows 
I* a^wftioo, which helps to refolve it, 
Ijf ^ vhich tbe ataljfii principally con* 
%mi AU the 9n lyisg m txiswGdnf a 

preat many truths, which lead os to ch« 
knowledge of what we feek after, 

ANALYSIS [with Matbcmaticianjl h 
the art of difcoverirg the truth or fslfe- 
hood of a propofirion, by fuppofing tbe 
queftion to be always folved and then 
examining ife- confe ^uences, till fomtt 
known or eminent truth is found out| 
or elfe the impoflibility of the ptefeoc 
propofition h dYcovered. 

ANALYSIS offudte auantitiet [Matbf 
matickj] that which u called Specious 
Ariitmetick or AUebrd. 

ANALYSIS of infinites, is the nutbod 
offiuxiont or diftrential calculus called 
cbe Jfiew Analjfis. 

ANALYSIS, a table or fyllabas of th« 
principal heads or articles of a continned 
difcourfe, difpofed in their natural order 
and dependency. 

ANALrriCAL Metbod fin LoglckJ is 
the metbod of refolution, fliewii^ the 
true way by which the thing wu mecho- 
dically or primaiily invented. 

ANALYTICALLY fnf aiudytique, F. 
aaaljtici, L, of Jf^Kvvit^ Gr.J by way 
of anahfis, 

ANALYTICKS 1 f^wxrfTia*, 

commonly given to Algeha, as being 
nothing elfe but a gensral analyfis of 
pure matbemaiichi or elfe becaufe ic 
reaches how to folve q'lefttons and de- 
monflrare r^r^mi byfear^htrg into the 
fundamental nature and frame of th« 
(hfng ; which to that end is as it wer^ 
refolved into parts, or taken all to pier 
ces, and then put together ag-^in. 

ANA'MNBSIS ^dtd^^tf^ Gr.J re*- 

ANAMNESIS [with Rbeter'tdans'} a 
figuret when the orator mentions or calU 
CO mind v^hac is paft, 

ANAMNfiTICKS [in fbamacy] me^ 
dicioes proper to leftore a decay'd me* 

ANAM<yRPHOSIS [of dfd and uhf^ 
fmetft of /uoffs, Or^ form or Ibapej a 
menftrous projeAion in perfpedive and 
painting i or the reprefentation of ibme 
figure or image either upon a plane or 
curr'd furface in a deform'd ibape, which 
at a proper diftance fliaU appear regular 
and in proportion. 

ANA'NA [with EotmiPs] a fine Indi* 
an fruit commonly <alied the pine-apple, 
becauie of its likeneis to the cone of a 
pine. This fruit firows on a plant like 
the fig-tree, and is about the fixe of an 
artichoke* It is adorned on tbe top with 
a kind of crown« and fmall bunch of red 
leaves refembling a flame of fire ; the 
pHlp or flffli ^ i; i» AhrOMSy but dif* 
r a f elves. 

Digitized by VjOOQ IC 



folves in the month, and hat the delici- 
ous tafte of rhc pc-ich, the qu'ncc, and 
Che muf-ai'n* grape. There are brought 
to a very great oe^teftfon in the garden 
of Sir MavbfW Deeper, 

ANANCiE'ON [iiAy»«<A», Gf'^ a 6- 
gure i Kb^tqpnck ihir mi^es out the ne 
cefSry ol a m.r fr. 

Gr. a hvuie in Rhetorick, vi^hen an ora- 
tion ' anrs r me \>a\'s. 

ANAPt'STUS [vAirhGftfiwiMr/tfnjj a 
fooi or rr^cfure in Gnelf oi Lat'n ver- 
fi»i that haye the tvio 'rfl fyllables (hoi c, 
«nd the I. ft lonp, as Ttf-^s. 

ANA'PHORA ,*»«^<y, Or.] a rela- 
tton, a reel J<ii>. i.. 

ANAPHORA [w'th ancietU Affrono- 
meri] an af i»nfi ^n or lilrng up of fhe la 
figns c\ the zodiack, frf^m the eaft, by 
the da y rou fe of the heavens. 

BurtC, Or.] rhr qual?/ Ol filling up. 

ANA'^LEROTI KS [i^F«9rXiie^TiJw\ 
6r.j oieH^^'nes. p oper to fill up ulcers 
and w unds with new fleh- 

ANAKETA [probib'y of Afati^r*, Qr, 
to def^r' yj 9 killer or miiidcrer. 

ANARRHI'NON ,'oi aW and /a the 
fioftril, Or J a<i herb liwe Pimpernel , 
Calves fnont. 

ANASA'RCA UfA^tif^m^ of «W and 
#«?^f fleih* Gr.J a cer.ain Ton of dropfy, 
Seing a white, foft, yielding fweling of 
fome parrs or of the whole body, chat 
^en's in ^\h^n nreifer). 

ANASTA'SIS Idfatrdctt Gr.^ a ftretch- 

iflg or TCrnin^., 

ANASTASIS fin Surgery] the ftretch- 
ing t uc pt the body cowards the upper 

AKASTOFCHIO'SIS iifA^ix^m^is^ 
Cf'] a refolution ot mixc bodies into 
cheir fir (I principles by chymical opera- 

ANATASIS faVTrt^i^Gr.] aftretch- 
log, r^arhinji o'lt, extenfion upwards* 

ANATASIS [with Surgems] an ezten- 
fion of tbe b-vdytouaiHsfhe upper parts^ 

ANATHEMA'TICALILY [of muitbeme, 
f. aaatbema^ L. dfd^tfAA^ Or ] (a a 
CUrfini' m^ n<» . 

ANATHYMIArsiS[of «fct^and ^fucl/uA, 
Grl ' p^'»"nie, va^rtur or exhalation. 

Amat;»'\ icalLY [anatomci, L. of 
ftraeia/uiaor, Gr.J aocurdii^ co the rules 
OJ a o V. 

ANATRI'PSIS fof Wm' and ^r^itfi^ co 
wear. ]grc.]) a rubbing agunft or upon, 
a bruifing 

ANATHIPSIS [fn ^wgery] thebruifing 
•r breiaking oi a bone, the breaking the 
i|pii$ ID (^ (cfdneya og iil^ddcr. 

A'MATRON l£r*r^. Or.] a fan 
fair excrafied from the water of the riip 
Niie i alfo a ntcrotts juice which coi 
denfes in vaults, arches» and fubterraa 
ous places > afo a volatile fait skimni 
off the compofitfon ot glafs when in fufioi 
alfo acomp undfalc made of quickfilvc 
alum, virrlol, common falc and mere. 

ANAXY'RIS [dfxiucf(,Gr.2 ^^ ^ 

A'KBURY [wich Rirriersl a fore < 
wen or fpongy wart full of blood, %r^ 
ing in any part of the body of an horl 

A'NCESTOR a forefather. JL 

ANCESTOR [in Omuun Lam] the df 
ference between anceftor^nd predeceOc 
is this, anchor h applied to a nacun 
perlon, as A B and his anchors, tt 
predecejor may be ufel of any perfof 
that were prior in time as to a coi 
poracion or body politick, as a biflic 
and his predecefTnr. 

ANCHOR l!£er^lypbicaUy] repr«1eni 
hope, hope being as it were the anchor chi 
holds us firm co our fa'th inadverfity .* 

7b Boat the ANCHOR, co put ic int 
rhe Boat. 

The ANCHOR is foid {Sed Pbrafe} { 
when the cable by the cunibg of the fll^ 
is hitchr about cbe fluke. 

The ANCHOR is a Cochbett [Se 
Phrafe] ufed when the anchor banga righ 
up and down by the flip's fide. 
^ The ANCHOR is a Peel ISea Phrafe 
is when ic is Juft under che haufe or hoi 
in che flip^s nern, through which che ca 
ble runs our chat belongs co it. 

To boot an ANCHOR l&a Term] ia t< 
cake or put ic inco che boot. 

ToietfaUan ANCHOR 1 [&tf Phrtfe 

To drop an ANCHOR f » to put o 
lee it down inco (he fea, in order co maki 
the flip ride 

The ANCHOR comes Ihme ISes term; 
ufed, when ic caiwoc hold che flip, ba 
chat ic drives away by the violenee of ch< 
wind or cide. 

TofeUb borne tbe ANCHOR! [Set 

Tbtritf borne tbe ANCHOR | tens; 
is CO weigh or cake ic up one of the river 

Tb/boo an ANCHOR tSea cenii} is c< 
cafe the flook of ic widi boards, chat I 
may better cake hold in foft cr ound* 

A'NCHORAQB [ia Z^] a ducy pali 
to che king tor che privilege of caftti^ 
anchor in a poo] of a haven* 

ANCHORA'LIS Procefa [wich Amh 
tomifis] che procefs or moocing fbrch oi 
the floulder bones like a beak called C9i 


Digitized by VnOOQlC 

A'NCHORED fin Ibral' 

dn] as s cro(s anchored it To 
<~«lM, becaofc the four ex- 
rnaimties of it lefemUt the 
. fldok o' an enchor- 

A-NCHORITB, an her 
v-c, (js. vfa.* leadf a folitary lihe in a 
idtt% CO be ^thcr out of the reach of 
ik rrf ■« '•oa of the vorld, and to be 
■Mc tr arS^^e for medhatioD. 

ANCHU'SA C«^>:«^«t, Or.] a kind of 
•H*^ 'W orcha*30S« 

iNCHTLE r^X»^» ^0 the beck 
pn oi the fa«ee ^ ailb rhe contra&ioa of 
ii«K. e^-calfy of the bam. 
irACtSHrvt ^Imaememat^ F.J in 

A'N'CI£NTNBSS Imidemiti^ F.] old. 

MOINTS XwGrafiJm] the fode. 
iTCBBiitol MaewU^ Barrifiers, Beacb^ 
0t, mi 'tmdmu mder the bar. 

OCONfi'US ilft!^:Mlii/ [^4M^3 the 
.iiAvrfck o» cbe elb^iw, trlfing trom 
tte »<we» and btKk |«rt of the Ostumeri, 
•i? if %%r*ed ^ the lateral part of the 
Bmcium txtermm^ a Urtle below the 
ttDrjQBB ; ^ he'vs ro ftretrh the elbow. 

mrrLOGLcyssoM r«>;t>'^>x«^. 

■»•» Jyv^M^ aid >X»0-^«. Gr. the 
««»«' a beiJi^ tongae.tiedy when the 
Mft>^ which is ufl^r the tongne is 
. saoam, whicb canles ic to be difficult 


UtCTLtyUELB fmyMoXi^ crooked, 

mipm^MM probe, Gr-'} a crooked probe. 

'BKTtOSIS, Che fame as Aatyii^ 

,tf«rTUyTOMUS [of «?>;fc^xi and ts- 
^ Gr.J a fmali knife to cat the ftring 
■fe rhe ro^vs. 

JSDAIATJB r«aoog the Jacienti ] 
*."R of gUdiacors who fought hood- 

AaiDS^A, a fwathe in mowing s alfo 
* "ech frond as a mtn could ftride o?er 

'CHNE l^^&^X^an Gr.J pur- 

i- A'NDREW, was taken to be the 
^^9 SadoMd^ on account of a vifion 
^tihttde, fuppoled to he won by his 
^'■^ta the/»«8sagainft che£i^Z!^or 

J'SaatW, as fca^hts of St. jtndrem, 
\]^ of knighthood eftabliOied by 
^**^ Uoe of Smtand, A. C. 809, 

•^IODa'mAS f «V«/«^A^r, of t^ 
*S"». •*'eptf« i- #. of taming meai 
* k»d ot kari, heavy biood-ftone, 
^ It Ud to jileed when rubb'd oa a 
'^9^,% predQiif ftone, bright 

isfilver, like a diamond, in miny rentrtt; 
ANDROGY'NUS lAfiroicgy] iiid, « 
planet as is fomecimes hoc, and ibmecimea 

ANDROI'DES [of c^r/gjc of a man« 
«nd fl/off lorm, GrT] an aucometon in the 
form of a man, which by means ef cer.> 
tain fpriogs, Jjc. juflly contrived, walks^ 
fp««ks» Ijv. 

ANDROLE'PSY [Ar^e^Xi^/*, of Ji^p 
« man, and xl4ir of x«f«yg«^v<», Gr. to 
tafcej a cuftom among the Atbenians^ br 
which, if an Athenian were kill'd 1^ a 
atizen of feme other place, and fuch dty 
refiis'd to deliver up the criminal to pu- 
niOiment, it was held lawful to take threo 
inhabitants of fach city and puiiiih th« 
homicide in them* 

ANDRO'MEDA [A/houomy] a nor- 
thern conftellation confifting of 17 ftars. 
ANDRO'SJEMON [rfr/cf'^V-Wi Gr.l 
St, Johns wort or cutfan. 

ANDROTOMY [of rf»i|», gen. «V/|«^r. 
and To^i a dUTedion, Gr»} an anacooiicai 
difleaion of human bodies. 

ANE'CDOTE, a facrct hiftory, fuchw 
relates the fecret affairs of kings and 
pripccs J fpeaking with too much Ircedoa 
or too much fiocerjcy, of the. manners 
and condnd of perfons in authority. 
ANE'CDOTON i f^^r/a/PTw, Gr.l a 
ANfi'KDOTON Ifhiog not given torch, 
produced, or made publick. 
ANBLA'CIUS, a fhorc knife or dagger* 
ANEMO'METER lotM/uQ' the imd, 
and ^i rg^r, Gr. meaiurej an inftrumene 
or machine for meafming the ftrengch of 
the wind. 

ANE'MOKB[;«V»>"»Gr.] the emony 
or wind fl>wcr. 

A'NETHUM[ar»5«, Gr.] the herk 

ANEY'RISM [of ^Fw^Jfm to dilarc.Gr.J 
a ftrercfaing or burfting of the arteries, fo 
that they beat and fwell continually, till 
they foroetimes become as large as an egg t 
thefwelllngyieldsifitbe prelTed with^ 
finger, but quickly recoils. 

ANFE'l6thYDE1 [ anvelb^b^j 

ANFEA'LTHIDB f Sax. J a. fimilt or 
fingle accufation. Thus it wis amof« the 
Saxons, when the oath of the crimind and 
two more was fufficient to di^harge 
him 5 but his own oath, and the oarh of 
five more, were required to irte him fronr 
the Trtplex Accu/atlo. 

ANFRA'CTOOUSNESS r^tfffwi,t.3 
the being full of turnings and windings. 
, ANGARIA [Old Records^ any vcxa- 
ttous or troublefome fervice or duty, 
done by a tenant to his lord. 

ANGEIO'GRAPHY [of dyy^^f a vef. 
ft^ and >e^fM ft diTcripcion, Gr.^ a do* 


fiript!oD of reflels in the humcn Iso^y, I e. 
tfaeoenrcs, veins, trceries and lympha- 

A'HGEL SHOT, chain-fliot, beinff e 
ctnnon buUec cot in two, and^ the halves 
Mnft joined together by a chain* 
ANGELICA [Botany] an herb. 
ANGBaiCA IdyytKtxh^ Gr.} a fiuBons 
ihnce among the Greeks. 

ANGETICALNESS [of angett^^ V. 
Sfgelicus^ L.1 the being angelical, ange- 
lical nature, JcfC. 

ANGERO'NA [am«n« the Kewwiw, fo 
called of ^/Rtf, the fqainfey, as having 
cnr'd the Romans of that diftemper] the 
goddeft of patience or filence ; her ftatne 
was placed on the altar of pleafure. 

ANGEKONA'LIA, fcafts celebrated to 
JfgenmA the goddefs of patience and 6- 

ANGIGLO'SSI [of a»Dfand2>^Vr* 
the tongue, Gr*] perfons who itanuner 
h^ their fpeech and tonsue, efpecially fuch 
«s with great difficulty pronounce the 
letters, K, L and R* 

ANGI'NA [with Surgemi] the quin- 
ley s aiL inflammation of the Jaws and 
throat attended with a continual fever, and 
• difficulty of breathingand fwallowing.Z. 

jkNGl'NA LINI [Botany] dodder. 

angiospermous f 

fbch plants as have one feed fucceeding to 
one fingle flower. I. 

An AN'GLE [angulus^ L.] a comer ; 
Alio t rod with a unt and hook for fllb- 

AKGLB [in Gemetry] a fptce com- 
prehended between 'the meeting of two 
fines, which is either greater or lefs, as 
abofe lines incline towards one another, 
or ftand farther diftant afunder ; theie an- 
gles are plain or fpherical. 

A TUun ANGLE [in Geometry] is the 

Ad'ftance or opening of two 
lines that touch one another 
in the fame plane s but fo 
as not to make one ft rait 
line, and the lines that 
J form It are called legs, as in 
the figure above i or it h a 
f^zct bounded by the meet- 
ing of two lines which cut 
one another on a plane, as 
in the figure, and are either 
right-lined^ curvilinear^ or 
wixed^ the fixft of whiph aip ibe angles 


2^t^ ANGLE } ^^-S?] 

angle, is made by the lo- 
terie&ion or mutual cut- 
ting one another of two 
crooked Uoesy as in the 

JMijc^ ANGLE [GeoMflT?] f 
is made by the meeting of a | 
right line with a crooked I 
or curved line, u in the | ^^ 
figure. Y 

k ^herka ANGLE 
[Geometry] is an angle made 
by the mretiog o\ two an- 
gles of great circles, which 
intercept or mutually cut 
one another on the mrface 
of the globe or fphere, as 
the figure ABC. 

ANGLES, whether plain or fphei 
may be coofideied as right, aciuo 

AS^i^tANGLB [G«e- 
metry] »s an angle made by 
a Une falling perpendicular- 
ly on another, or that 
which fubtends an arch of 
90 degrees, or a fourth ■■■ 
part of a circle as in the 
figure, all drcles being commonly ^ 
into 360 parts, called degrees. 

An JcuU ANGLE [Ge(^^ V 
metry] is an angle that is lefs ^^ 
than a right angle, or than 90 ^ 
degrees, as in the figure, and _ 
is fo called, becauie the an- '" 
gular point is fliarp. 

An 0^ri(r« ANGLE [Geo- 
metry] is one which haa 
its angular point blunt or 
broad, and is greater than 
a right one, its angular 
point confifting of more 
than 90 degrees, as in the figure A, 1 
is (o much more than 90 degrees, a 
lefs than 90, both together making 
mt'Cirrle orzSodegrees. 

t^bt ANGLED Ttim^!e^ 
is one which has one right 
angle, as the angle A in the . 

figure, the other two B ^r 
and C being both acute, %/^ 
and making both together ^ 
but 90 degrees. 

Ohlifue ANGLE, is a name ul 
common to both acute and obtule 1 
ANGLES have alfo feveral other ; 
according to their different pofitions 
relations to the refpedive figures th( 
io^ and the Uac^ ihtc for^n them, as 

Digitized by VjOOQ IC 


r -rf 


[Ofomtrf] whkh have one 
■]) JcgcDimnon co both anglet, 
nd boih taken together ai e 
•qnl to two right ones, as 
ID the figare the angles 


s no|Mii tag «• 

'^f& ANGLES } 
rVn fG««fft7] are fuch as arc 
tAv oMie by two right lioes 
croffing each other, and 
which oaly touch in the 
aagttiar points they are 
driienScil ob account of their being 
%a2ie4 4<«cificm, or at the top, as the 
■|b A sad B axe Tcitical oi oppofite 

, Aa ANGLB alTo in a 
triaogle is laid to be oppo* 
fi.e to the fide that Aib- 
lends It, as the angle A is 
^oppafite to the fide BC, 
r^~'aad the angl« C to the 
fide AB, and the angle B 
» :ftc ide AC, as in the figtire. 

555J ANGIBS } 

\Qeamgtrf\ if t line cut 
two otliera that are pa- 
' nlld, the angles C and 
^_ ^ D are called ioteraU and 

^P^ a rrfJMd CO the external ones 
^■'l, to which they are lefpeaively 
^P^aia tke figure* 

^n«r ANGLES XGeamA are the 
g»J« d D, end F andC, which are 
■H'»*Ijf cq*Kil to one another. 

<«U/ANGL£S [Geomnrj] tre the 
Ha Oi asy tight-lined fi^are withouc it, 
Jjjiflita Ai are ieverally produced 
2^«VkMd ; and all being taken toge- 
T»*« e?ial to four right angles. 

«»*< ANGLES lOtamitrj^ are all 
2^ ^ by the fides of any right-lined 

ANGLB at the centre of 
a circle, is an angle whofe 
vertex is ac the center of 
the drde, and whofe legs 
are two tiaiai of a ctrde, 
as in the fignre. 

An ANGLB m tin Sfg 
maaefa circU^ h thit 
which is coow luded between 
two chords that flow from 
the fame point in the peri- 
p'^ery, as in the figure. - 
^^ ANGLE [ Oeometry ] Is con- 
^ «dtr more than two planes or plain 


angles. Dot being in the fame place intf 
meering in a poin^ 

Efuaifilid ANGLES IGecmetry] am 
fuch as are contained under plain anglca^ 
e^aal both in muUicuJe and magnitude. 

ANGLB of OMsa [OeamHry] is chat 
which a circle or other curve makes with 
a tangent at the point of coacaA. 

Homed ANGLB [ Geometry 3 an angla 
made by a right line* either a cantenc or 
a fecant with the periphery of a ^rde* 

(, Bmmlogoiu ANGLES 
'Geometry] are fuch as are 
o two figures, and retain 
the order from the firft ia 
both figures O X. 

ANGLB at the TeripberyX 
kSGLE at the Segment f 
[Geometry] U cemprehend- 
ed between the two chords 
AB and BD, andftandsoa 
the arch AB. 

Cifiid ASGfR [Gezmetry"] the inner 
angle which is made by two convex fphc- 
rical lines interfeaing each other. 

feiecoid Al^GLB [Geometry] an angte 
in the fhape or figure of an hatcher.^ 

Sifiroid ANGLB [Geometry] an angl9 
in form .of zS^firum. 

ANGLES £tn Anatony] are underftood 
ot the comers of the eye or Cmttbi, whe^o 
the upper eye-lid meers with the under. 

ANGLE of a mui lArcbheaure) U 
the Mint or comer, where the two hicei 
or tides of a wall meet. 

ANGLES lAfiroiogyJ certain houfb 
of a icheme oi the heavens, the firfl houfe 
or horofcope it called the ai«le of the 
£4^, the fevemh the angle of^the H^, 
the fourth houfe the angle of the ^brtir» 
the tenth houfe the angle of the South* 

ANGLB of haagitade C Afironomy ] le 
the ai^le which the circle of a flares Ion- 
gitude makes with the meridian at cbB 
pole of the ecliptick. 

ANGLB rf Elongation I4firan9iry'} h 
the difFerence between the true place oC 
the fiin, and the geoceotrick place of die 

ANGLE cf Commutation [AfiroaomyJ 
IS the difierence between the true place 
of the fun, feenfirom the eanh, and the 
place of a planet reduced to the ecliptick* 

ANGLB ofmidence fin Dl*ptric\s] ia 
an angle maide by an incident ray with % 
lens or other lefrafttng furfacc* 


Digitized by VjOOQ l^ ^ " 


AKGLB of ot at the Center pnftrri/:] 
U the tngle G K F, which is tormed by 
she concur! ence of two ftrtit lines drawn 
iroB che aogles ef the figure F C* 

ANGLE o/«lv Circumference [in Rm- 
fcati<m] h che nexc angle made by the 
arch 9 which u drawn from one gorge co 
Kfae other. 

ANGLE of the Counin [in Rfrtificationl 
•r che angle of the flank BAB it formed 
by or contained between the courtain and 
ihe fltnk in any piece of fortification, 

Diminiflied ANGLB [in Fortifisation^ » 
the angle B C F which is formed by the 
meectng of the oncermoft fides of the po<- 
lygon» and the face of the baftxon. 

ANGLB of tbi exterior Figure [ in 
Fonificdtion^ is the faros as the angle of 
'^e Toljfgtm, and is the angle FCN form'd 
•t che pome of che baflion 0% by che meet- 
ing of the cwo oucermoft fides or bafes of 
the polygon F C and C N. 

ANGLB (ftbe interior Figure [in F^rtif- 
Mtion] is che angle GUM| which is form- 
ed in H che center of the baftion by the 
Rieecing of che Inneimoft fides of che figure 
GH and HM. 

ANGLB Flanking [in Fbrtificadon'] is 
the angle which is made by the cwo raftnt 
lines of defence, vi%, the two faces of the 
btftion prolonged. 

ANGLBjEtfiilitf upmardt iFirtipcation] 
mhe angle GLh formed by the flanking 
line and che coartain. 

FJanied ANGLB [b ibrtifcation] h the 
angle BCS, which is made by the cwo 
faces BC» CS, and is the ncmoft pare of 
the Baflion, moft exposed to the enemy's 
batteries, and is therefore called by fome 
the an^le of the b^ftion, or the point of 
itv hfiion, 

ANGLB forming the Flark [ Fbrtifca- 
tion] is t^at which confifls ofene flank 
and ore Demi- gorge ; or it Is compofed 
by the flank and chsc fide of the polygon, 
ittaaing from the flank co the angle oi ike 


polygon, and were it extended \ 
crofs the haftioo. 

ANGLE oftbeEpauie \ [fti 

ANGLB of the shoulder f tien 
the ancle ABC, which is formed) 
lines of che lace BC end the flmj 

ANGLE of llevatioH [in Mecba 
an angle comprehended between til 
of projeAiie, and g horizontal linei 

ANGLB of DireSion [MtcbMici 
angle comprehended between che tii 
dire^on of two conipiriog forces. 

ANGLB of Incidence [Mecban 
an angle made by the line of dire£L 
an impinging body in the point 

ANGLB ofRefieSion [Mechanic^ 
angle made by che line of dtrediot 
refle£bed body, in the point of o 
from which it rebounds. 

Firont ANGLES iMilitary Afkirs 
two laft men of the front rank. 

Rfor ANGLES iMiiitary Afatrs] 
two laft men of the rear rank. 

ANGLE oftbe £4^ [ in l^avigs 
h that point of the compafs that th 
fails upon. 

Optick ANGLB, is chat which is 
cained or included becween cwo 
drawn from che extreme poina of a 
joSt CO che cencer of the pupU. 

AN6LBef AclriMtfOR [Opficks] 
angle made by a ray of Incidencet 
the axis of incidence* 

ANGLE 0/ Refieaien fin Opticli^ 
an^le formed by che raneded ray, 1 
poinc of refle£lion, with che other p 
the tangent line. 

ANGLE refraaed [ in Opttcls ] 
angle becween the retraced ray aod 

ANGLB ofliefraaion TOpticisJ 
angle made by the ray of incideive 
tended through another modiom (a 
of the air into the water) and the r 

Optick ANGLB 1 [in C^ticibil Im 

Vifual ANGLB f gle bcluded bet 
two ravsy drawn from che two ext 
poincs in an objeft co che cencer o 
upil, as ABC, which is comprelM 
ccween the rays AB flnd BC* 



ANGIB [in Sci^n^^ I.e. Dm 
an angle thac is made by che ftiait 
prooeedina from che fun to the dial p 

A'nGLER [of anjrel, Ssx.} one 
fiflkj^wick anoxia* 


Digitized by VjOOQ IC 


tStOOnSKt a fott of Mar. 

pMor befotten of ferpenrs. 

INGersEAi [oigmKia, L.] per- 
mm^at\ ee]. 

iXGOTNEAL l^perhoU^ an hyper- 
ini^iReeiHke figure, which cuts 
b t^Tfcore with contrary flexions, 
■ia protssjced both ways into contrary 

1>IG01A11HESS [a^tdairet T, angu^ 
Iri, L] ferrtag corners. 

i'NGULAl AfoffM r Hbcbanicls ] a 
np^ad fort of motion, wherein the 
■ntebotli Aides and rerolves at the 

«GOUR JfcfioB [with Aflrottoimrf^ 
•aeistroieof the diftance o^ any two 
Ite, rcralfifig ronnd any body as the 
c^psrtKfrot motion. 

IVGCLCSmr [with Tbilcfopbers'i 
■t ftkj of that which hu feveral or 

JXCtWrNBS [ofdi^K^, L] nar- 

**» ai^tr»i tpefg. 

-^W^TY [ of anmfittas, L. j 

Jj™ or nirrowneft ot place ; alfo 

■*TO rf circumftances, poverty, Jw. 

««AIT1'NA [with rbjficims} me- 
~* f*«f P'omote refpiration. 

■WEUTlON, a panting, a difficul- 
V^JjwHinii i ftiorrneft of breath. I* 

wHELlTUS, a ftortnefsandthitknefs 
» hewi, n in an jiftbma, JL 

iHHEltySE [4BK/o/ia, L.J fetching 
J^jasdt and li ort 5 puffing and blow- 

WtCEIUM [ «»;«a7»», Or. ] anife- 

^Wl, tbe plant from which Migo is 

AW'UNESS [tfii/irtfi, 1.] the being 
*ISn^ woman. 

.™JA, ihc brcA;hy alfo the principle 
•« i» the raumal^ fenfitrve or vege^ 

1^^ GiOBiu, an Ethiopian and ite- 
• gji like (lankincenfe. 
Jjjni A AnkidoTum [wiih Tbyficians] 
TjWjh, fo calJed becaufe of their 
■^B diibrders of the Joints. 
^VA TiJmoaum, [with Tbyficidiu'] 
7^M^* fo called on account of 
■gS**^ for the kiogs. X. 
J^^ Sautrni [i. e. the foul of lead] 
*,2»aoflead. X 

J?^ nmdi, called by FUto 4i/;t» 
J**^ the foul of the wozid or ot 
fi *fferfc [with Saturalifls] is a ccr- 
Sj^ eihereal fubftance or fpirit, 
l^a dHFofed through the mafs ot 
ft*^i whidi tnfoxmSi abates and 


Tttites the divers parts of it into Oa« 
great, peried, organical or vital body. - 

The modem TUtonifis explain the tim*' 
met mundi to he a ceir^in ethereal, uni« 
yeifal fpirit ; which extfts perfeAly pure 
in the heavens, but pervading elementa- 
ry bodies on earth, and intimately mix- 
ing with all the minute atoms ot it, af- 
fumes fimewhat of their nactiret and 
thence becomes of a peculiar kin*. 

Some again define it to be a certaid 
ignifick virtue or vvifick heat infufed 
into the chaos and diflemina'ed through 
the whole frame of it, for the confervuci^ 
on, nutrition and vivification ot it 

A'NIMABLENESS [of animabilis, I.] 
the h.ving life. 

znd advertere, L.J the animadverfive fa- 

A'NIMAL. /. e- a living creature is by 
fome defined to be a beings which befide$ 
the power of growing, increafing and pro- 
ducing its like (which vegetables alfo have) 
is further endowed with fenfation and 
fpont«neous motion. 

ANIMAL Motion^ is the fame that U 
called mufcular morion. 

ANIMAL Part of Man [with MardliPst 
L.} the fenfible, flcfty part in oppoficion 
to the rational parr, which is the under* 

ANIMAL Spirits f a fine fubtil juice or 
humour in animal bodies, fuppofed to btf 
the great inilrument of mufcular motion^ 
fenfation, ^c. 

A'NIM ALNESS [ommlitas, L.J th« 
animal faculry. 

A'NIMATE lammatus^ L.] animated, 
endued with life, in contradiflin6lion to ia- 
animate, or fucn things ?$ have not life, 

ANIMATE PaiPer iMecban'icks] js us'd 
to fi&n<fya power in man or bru?eincon- 
tradiftindion to an inanimate one, ai 
that of fpriips, weights, Jjrc. 

A'NIMATEKESS [oi anim£^ F. aftimd^ 
tuSy L.J the being animated. 

ANIMA'TION, the nlormirtg, furniib. 
ing or fupplying an *iiimil oody wtth ft 
foul. As a toe 'is or child in t e womb 
is fiid to be come to its animation, wnea 
it begins to ad like a true living cieature, 
or alter the momer (according to the 
ufual exprcffion) s quick. 

ANIMB' [ in Hixaldry ] U when the 
eyesy hfc- ot any rapacious creature are 
born of a diftercnc tincture trom the Crea- 
ture it feU. 

ANiMO'fE lanimfiis, L,]cour*£ious| 
alfo flon;achf.jl. 

ANIMO'SENESS lanimqfiti, F. mm» 
fitat, LJ Oif havingananimoftty.l 

• AH 

Digitized by VjOOQ IC 



AN JOUR mid WAST ^Um tern] t 
'^tkiturt when a man has commitied 
petty treafin and /^toiy, and has lands held 
of fome common peribn, which (hall be 
feified tor the king, and remala in hu 
bands a year and a day, next af^er the at- 
tainder, and then the trees fliall be palled 
up, the houfes raxed and puU'd down, 
and the pafture and meadows ploughed 
up ; except he, to whom the lands fliould 
come by efcheat or forfeiture, redeem it 
hr the king. 

ANISCA'LPTOR, i. e. the Arje- 

{Anatomy] a mufde called alio laiffimus 
dorfif from its largenefs, q, <L the broad- 
eft of the back, a pair of mufcles, fo cal- 
led from that 8^ion-ch«t is performed by 
the help of it, it ferving to draw the arm 
backwards and downwards* 

A'NISUM L'Ai'itf'&r, Gt.'] anifc, a fra- 
grant herb, l, 

A'NKER [at Amflerdam] a liquid mca- 
fure, the 4ih part of the Aein^ contain- 
ing two Steians, each Stelai containing 
fix teen Mingle St '^^ Miitgle two faris 

A'NKRFD [Heraldry] a fort of crofs 
born incoars ol arms, the ends of which 
are in the ihape of the flook of an anchor. 

ANKY'LOSIS [<tixChx»vtt of «>m/A.ii, 
Gr, a Callus \n a ]un£bure] adifeafe in 
the jundures of an human body, where 
the nervous liquor, which ihould lubricate 
the bones, growing too thick clog them 
up, and as it were cement them within 
one another. 

A'NNALES, hiftories or chronicles of 
things done, from year to year. 1. 

ANNALES [Old Records^ yearlings or 
young caitle ot the firft year. 1. 

A'NNALIST, a writer ot annals. 
^ ANNIVE'RSARY Days [with the an 
cient Angl^Saxons] days at the return of 
the year, people ufed to pray for the 
fouls of their friends derejfed } which 
cuftom the Kamanifls ftill retain. 

ANNOI'SANCB [in I/nr] nufance, a 
hurt or oftence either to a publick place, 
as a high way, bridge or common river, 
or to a private one by laying any thing 
that may breed tnfedion » by encroaching 
or the I'ke. 

ANNOISANCE, the name of t writ 
brou^hc upon this tranfgredion. 

ANNOaiS [ in jimerica ] aa animal 
about the bignefs of a lizard^ whofe skin 
IS of a yellowtfh colour. It continually 
proles about the cottages for food in the 
day time, and lies under ground at night, 
Kaklng 4 loud Doiic* 

A N 

A'NNUAL renfion [in I^] m w 
which the king, having an ionual pt 
due to him from an abbot or prior €9 
of his chaplains, ufed to demand ir, 

ANNUAL Equation {^AfironomyJ : 
equation of the mean motion of cb 
and moon, and of tbe apugee and do 

ANNUA'LA, a yearly fkipend, ant 
lyaiHgned to a prieft for obfervuil 
anniverfary or faying continued mmllb 
year for the foul of tbe deceafed par 

A'NNUALS [with Botamftt] i^azKi 
are to bo raiied year by yeari fm 
die in tbe winter. 

ANNUATES MufcsA [with Amatm 
a pair of mufcles fo called, becaufe 
caufe the head to nod direftly Ibm 
they are feated at the root ol the c 
verfe vertebra of tbe back. 

ANNU'lTY [of amtms^ f. yearlj 
yearly income or rent that is^ to be 
for term of life ; an anmuty is diff« 
from a rent only in this, that the fof 
only charges the granter or hia hi 
whereas & rent is payable out of land 

Dr. Hailcyt in his obfervations 00 
Brcjlam bills of mortality, (hews that 
80 to I a perfon of z5 years of age < 
not die in a year ; (hat it is 5 aod a 
to one, that a man of 40 lives 7 yei 
and that one of 30 may reifonably ex| 
to live 27 or a8 years: So ^reat a d 
rence there is between the lite of mai 
different ages i that it is 100 to z if 
of ao lives ont a years and but 38 t< 
that one of 50 does fo. 

When and from fome other obferrt 
ons he has conftfufted the following 
bles, fliewing the value ot annul tiesTr 
every 5th year of lite to the 70:h. 

A'NNULAR lamudarist L.] pertain 
to a rii)}i. 

ANNULAR ligament I Anatomy ] 
ftrong l.'gament encompafllng the Car^ 
or wrift altT the manner ot a bracelet. 

ANNULA'RlSD^rtW, the ritg finx< 
that which is betwixt the middle fioj 
and the little finger, l. 

ANNULARIS Froc<)0iu [with Am 
nufit J a C9itala bunoh or knob made 


Digitized by LjOOQ IC 


Incssi of the TtoaSet of the MiedtdU 
A^eo,aier its fide. Z, 

OA'NNOLET [mBtrMry] 
t faiaU ring, which, beiv% t 
mark of diftinaion, the 5ch 
brother of any family ought to 
bear in his ooac of arms. 
ilEVUUTS [with ArcbiteBs^ are 
faf^nrcpans, tuned about in the Co- 
mUm ofhal, under rhe quarter round 
t£hvi; others define znAmniiet to 
b I arrawcr flat nionlding, which is 
MHB 10 other parts of a column, the 
101, ftc ts veil as the capital ; and is 
IthaeaaibeT which fometimes isral- 
hMtliJM. alilrf, a CoinSure, t Uifie, 
iflVf tSfmtt « tiablt^ and a &^fr- 

IHWmBU^ONf a putting to the 

AnnNCUDA, ts fcoishts of the 
^■•lyi, ta order of kraghthood in 
Im^, iaicmed b memory or the annun- 
■Mrfihe Tiffin ACiry, inftituted by 
Mbb, lake oiSaocn^ Amo Dm. x 350. 

T«1VKDVCUTE [amuBdatum, L.] 
i n^ cUi«^ to. 

HW^nriATE *! s denomination 

mJNTlADA f that is common 
mni orders, boeh religious and mi- 
nywiig the itoHMR Caibolkis, fo 
Hi (« aoouat of the annunciation of 

h^ the 15th of AfarcK 
WSAMCB >fof mri/dncr. F.] any 
""WICE r injury, damage or 
lOrUNCE -> hurt done to a pub- 
*f«, hridge, highway, Jgrc. or to 
'fiRK OBc oy encroachment , by laying 
'« "f Aijig that may breed imeai- 

.^HOMAUTTICAL Tear l4firm<mf] 
J*8 %ice of time wherein the earth 
Ifc*reugh her orbit. 
aOIULT [in Afirwumef] the diftince 
^fwt from the ApbHim or /lyM^fe ; 
^^|fMty in the moticm ot a pla- 
* "^ ' from the Apbe- 

Jrte«hy it deviates 

ef A P^nvf MMttt 

the ifren. 

^**»4/Jr«iM«9 3 i» 
g^'coKaiBed under a certain line 
^■■ithefia to thepUner. 
^^MAhY of the Sta orPianet 
P^4lMarr«jttan arch ot tiie eclip» 
pw»teo the meaa place of it» tnd 
EfV*» In the modem Jfirmmtj it is 
^vherein the planet moves from 
~^ I to the mean place or point of 

< »Kr ANOMALY cf the Center 
^J aa vsh of iht Mdiack bQmd 

AN * 

ed by the true motion of the cemer^ 
in the nem 4ftrono/iy it is an arch of the 
eccentrick circle, included between the 
Aphelkny and a right line, drawn through 
the center of the planet perpendicular to 
the line of the Atfidet. 

ANOMALY of the Eccentricl [ ^Hr 
4ftr<memf ] an arch of the eccemiick cir- 
cle included between the Aphellc^ and a 
right line drawn through the tenter of 
the planet perpendicular to the line of the 

True or e^uMted KSOUhtY lAfimnO' 
mj h the aogle at rhe fun which a planet's 
diftance from the Apheiiwn appears under | 
or it is the angle at the Area taken pro- 
poriionil to the time in which the planet 
fnoves &om the mean place to its Apbe* 

ANO'MBANS JofA and omoi(^ fimilar 
or like, a. d, d'flimilar, Gr.J a name by 
which a fe^ oi pure Ariaiu were cfilied. 

ANOMOEO'MERES [of a neg. ificlte 
and fltif^y Or, a participle] that which 
coufifts of feveral and different particles. 

ANO^IS [in Botany^ the heibcam* 
mock, or refl barrow. X> 

ANO'NIUM^ archangel, or dead nettle, 
an herb. 1. 

A'NSA, the handle of a cup or other 
vefFel. X 

ANSBRI'NA [Botayl wild tanfey. 

A'NSCOTB [ in ancient Lam books ] 
the fame as Angiid* 

ANSPESA'DfiS rofldn/2r>}>e23Mftf,ItaL 
i. e. a broken lanTe] in the French foot* 
foldiery, a fort of iiiferior officers above 
common centinels, yet below corporals. 

ANTACHATTES [oidfTt d^^rnt, Gr.^ 
a precious ftone of the agate kind, which 
being bamr, fends forth the fcent of myrrh. 

ANTA'GONIST 1 [with AnatomifitJ 

ANTAGONI'STA f « muf<^e that has 
an oppofice fituation te Another, or a con* 
trary tundiout as the AhduSor of the Cu* 
Ntusy which ferves to pull the arm back, 
and rhe AhduBor that ftretches it ou^ 

ANTANA'CLASIS [«V«tw6tMa#ff of 
atrt and draxxdn, to ftrike back again, 
Gr.j a refleding or beating back. 

ANTA'POCHA [of mvi and ^9t>xK 
Gr.J the comtfrpart of a deed or writings 
a coonter*bood. 

ANTAPO'DOSIS [WrTttiri/orif, o( ttw- 
tl againft, tliri from, and /i/«fti, Gr. to 

givej a returning or paying on the other 
de, or by turns. 

' ANTA'RES [ wish Afirmamers ] tha 
fcorpion's heart, a fizt ftar of the firft 
magnitude in the cooftellation Scorph, in 
longitude 4f degrees s) oinntes, kiitude 
4 deg, ay iva. 


Digitized by 



'df^'Ci'TiMf, Gr.J remedies good agaioft 
che g^'ur. 

d^/AsLriK6f, Gr.J remedies agaioft the 
pliChifick or fhorioeis of breach. 

ANTECB'OBNCE [antecfdenst L.] a 
going before. X* 

ANTSCB'DENT Decrei^ a decree pre- 
cediiig fome other decreOy or fomo aoion 
of the cfcacare. or the pre?ifion of chat 

ANTECEDENTS of the lUitto [ with 
$^bematidant] is the firft term of com- 
parifon io a proponioo, or chat which is 
compared to another. Thus if the racio 
or proportion were of B to C, or s8 to 
96, B or 8 is cheancecedeoCft andG or 16 
the conTaqaeot. 

ANTECEOE'NTIA {Afhimn^J when 
a planet appears to move weftward con- 
trary to the order or courie of the figas^ 
it is faid to move in Aniecedentia, 

A'NTECHAMBERl [of 4B^e camera 

A'NTICH AMBER | L.] in oncer cham 
ber of an appartment* where fenrants 
wait, and ftrangers fta/, till the perfon 
is at leifure to whom they would fpeak. 

•trth that then was, before it was de- 
Uroj'd by the flood, and which thein« 
gentons and learned Dr. Thomas Burnet 
conceives to have been very diflferent from 
ours io form, conftitucion, 6gure, and 
fiiualon, that it was rousd, fmooth, even 
and uniform. 

But Dr Pfbodwardt on the contrary, io 
Ills natural Bffioiy of tte Earthy under- 
takes to prove, 

X. That the face of the earth was not as 
3>r. Burnet imagines, fmootbf even and 
^aufom but as it now is, unequal, dif> 
tinguiAed into mounca<ns and dales, 
lUid having a Tea, lakes and rivers; that 
the Tea wis then fait as ours is; that 
ic was then iiibjeA to tides, and po/Tefs'd 
nearly the fame fpace that it now does s 
that the antediluvian earth was fiock*d 
with animals, metals, minerals, ]^c< that it 
had the fame pofirion with refped to the 
Ibn that our earth now hath, and that ot 
coofequence there' was the famelbcceffion 
of weather, and the fame viciffitades of 
leafens that are at prefent. 

ANTEJURAME'NTUM [in Old Times'] 
an oath which the accpfer Wts obliged 
to take before the trial to pro/ecote the 
accufed, and that the accuTed was obliged 
to nmke oath on the very day he was to 
undergo the ordeal, that he was innocent 
of (heiaa he was charged with. If the 
tccuTer failed, the criminal was fet "at ii- 
Jfrty ; if th« tcpu^j^d, hf Wttfufpolcd to 

A N 

ANTBlyfD'NDANE [ofiaiftf and 
nus, 1.] before the beginning or crc«ci 
of the world. 

ANT£NDEI'X1S [of atW and iTe/jcvc// 
Gr*"} a contrary indicaiion, fign or fy 
ptom of a dlieafe, forbiddina that co 
ufed which before feem*d to be proper 
a former indication. 

ANTEPAGME'NTA 7 [with ^atrii 

ANTlPAGViE'NTA f Arcbite&s } x 
jaumbs of a door, the lintels of a windo 

ANTE'RIDES [«?T«>i/if , Gr, } a n^i 
given by ancient archit-£ls to bucrre£ 
againft walls, to bear up the building. 

ANTEHIOUR, fomeching before ax 
cher, efpecialiy in refped of place. 

A^NTEROS [probably o{h*t%f&'^ Oi 
the beft fort of amethyfty a precic 

A'NTES iHuihandry] the foreznoft 
ttttermoft ranks oi vines. X. 

ANTHE'DON [a't^a/fti, Gr.'J a lea 
of medlar-tree, which bears a flo^xrer 2i 
that of an almond- tree, and is delicio 

ANTHE'LIX [of aVi and iKjf , Gf 
the protuberance or knob of the car^ 
the inner circle of the auricle, called all 
on account of trs oppofuion to the out 
circle, called the HeUx. 

IXfcir^or, Gr. a worm] mediciaea v^hl 
deftroy worms in human bodies. 

A'NTHEM [antbema, Ital. q. of etvS 
/uV0r, Gr.] a church fong, performed in 
cathedral, ]^. by tl-e choriilers, diwic** 
into two choiug's, who fing alternately 

A'NTHEMIS [ ATdt^uir, Gr.J the lie 

A'NTHERA [in Tbarmacy] the yello^ 
part that is in the middle or a rofe $ al 
afalve of a bright orient colour i alfo 
kind of medicine for a fore. 

ANTHESPHO'RIA [ofar^aca flotK-e 
and i^pm I carry. Or.] a (eftival celebr; 
ted in Sicily in honour of Praferpiae', 
memory ot the goddefs being forced aiKf« 
by Fluto while the was gather bg Rqw^ 
in the fields. 

ANTHESTEHIA [«fiair.>i«. Gr. ] 
feftival celebrated by ihM Mbenians Ita. |^< 
nour of Baccbut, 

ANTHOLO^GION [ iir^xS>io»^ , 
«tv3^ a flower, and \iy&'» Gr-J 
church book ; alfo a breviaiy or mais boo! 
with the offices to Ciri/^, the Vara 
JMisrv, faints and martyrs. 

ANTHO'LOGY [<tfir69Xayi*«, of ^^ 
a flower, Xoyf^ a word, or yJym to g, 
ther, GrJ] a treatiie of flowers, or 
colleftion of flowers ; alfo a coUeOiofa 
Gr«eik epigrams. 

5u A'NTHOKir'4 #^f • SeaS^Aei^ 

A N 

iJmiOlt A 1 [n^ich Botamfis'J the 
iNTTTHOILAf pl^bc beaiiog WoUV 

iWHOS [iZi^O-. Grl a flower, 
hi ^propriaied by way of excellency to 
laeatfy flowers. 

ANTHOPHYaLI [in BoUay] a large 
bz «' cloves. 

IKTHRAClTES [of if^&t(, Gr.] a 
foaam ftooe, in which appears as ic 
«« fptrks of fire. 

faf h^^ a coal, ^hf falphur, «A.ff falt» 
•d irrgt ■icie, Cr.] *^1 *!»« ingfcdicnts 

kfrtUKAX [«v^^f, Gr.l a hve 
cDil ; a carboode iwellina furroande^ 
ifvk fey, ftarp ana painful fwelliogs, 
visd IS it were bums ihe skin. 

AXTHaOPCyLOGY lln Theology] a 
«S}f oTrpeakiag of God after the man- 
is 01 nea, by auribucing co him hu 
Bin pans, as hands, eyes^ ^. 

ASTHIloa»OMANCY [ot Atd-fmnts a 
■ia mi ftMfTtiA dlvioarioRj Gr* j di- 

periormed by.iofpe£bng che vif- 
cm of a deceaiied perTon. 

ANTHHOPOMOllPHUS [ dr^fnna- 
f"*^s Or.2 the mandrake, a kind of 

, AM7H&OPOTHAGY, the ad of eat 
tg aaa^s or bnman flefli. 

iMTHTTPNOnriCS Cof Afr] ai^d cfinsc , 
Gr. ilecp] medicines thac prerent deep. 

imi^»f0.^ Qt:\ medidoes good againft 
iimes of che hypochondria. 

i'NTl [in^q^Eir/ cf literature'] pie- 
os vmtea by way of aofwer co others, 
v^ofe nmea ar« commonly annexed to 
tts iter. 

ANTIEALLO'MEME [ef dtri and iddf^. 
!■# Gr.] nedicifles thac are of alike or 
c;^ flreaftb. 

A'KnCHAMBBR. See Antecbambir, 

A'KnCHElA [of airri inltead of and 
pte€ of the hand J the thumb, fo called 
Kaift it is of «s much uTe as the refl 

« rte baiNi. 

Wn'CHRESlS [in the Civil lam] a 

^eaac or coorencion between che 

*^ aad the creditor, as to a loan 

■aoaey npr»n a mortgage or pawn. 

imCHKISTlA'NlTY 1 [ofa'wi a- 

* AinriCHRI'STIANN£SS r gainft and 

^(fVH,Gr» Chiift] oppofiienefs to ihe 

^p6rine of Cbrtfl, or the principles, ^c, 

tf Chriftians. 

ANTI'CHTHONES ] thoTe people 
*to inhabit countries oppofice ro each 
■kcr; now the Gime as Antipodes. 

ANTICNfi'MION [of «»rl afLaintl, and 
Vf«B Qr. ] Um tihia^ or gictc bone 


of the leg] the skin or forepart of tb0 

ANTIDIA'PHORTSTS [of dfrl and 
/icfiV* Gr, to difierj thofe who af« 
oppofire ro the diaphorifts. 

ANTIDI'NICA [of rfrri and/i'n, Gr. 
a whirlwind] remedies againft dlizine/a 
in the head. 

/bnyTtg^asf ^ Gr.J medicines thac are ef- 
ficacious againft the dyfencery or bloody 

ANTILEGO'UENA [^vr#Xs>.i^f M,Gf>J 

ANTILO'BIUM [o( drtl againft and 
Xe/g^, Gr,] the borcom oi the ear. 

ANTILOE'MICA [of df^l and xw/ttflC, 
Gr* the peliilence] . medicines againft the 

ANTl'LOQUIST [antih^uus, L.] « 

A'NTILOPE, a mungrel creature* en* 
gendered by a hart and a goat* 
. ANTIME'NSIA, a fort of coofecrated 
cable- clo^ch, occafionally ufed in che Greek 
church, in lieu of a proper altar. 

ANTIMETA'STASIS [ofi^^Ti and /tea. 
rdfaa-K, Gr. tf mutation] a tranfl^cing 
or changing to the contrary part- 

and fMfsL^x't^^j Gr.J the being againft 
government in a fingle pei ion. 

ANTIMO'NIALS, preparations of an. 
timony« or fuch medicines wherein anti- 
mony is the bafis or principal ingredi* 

A'NTIMONY [^tf/OTon/jflW, L.] a mU 
neral which confifts ot a ftilphur like 
common brimftone, and of a fublUnce 
that comes near that of metals. j4lcby^ 
mifis call ic the Med lyon, becaufe it 
turns red, and aifo the rhilofopbcri wslf^ 
becaufe ic confumes all metais excepc 
gold s or, as others define itv a fenni- 
metal, being a fofTil glebe, compofed of 
Tome undetermined mecal, combined with 
a fulphureous and ttonv fubflance. 

ANTIMONY >v yv -1- 
[Cbfm. miters] X\ XX ^ 
is expreflTed by \/ \ / ( J 
one of thefe cha- >^ V V^ 

Ctf/r of ANTIMONY 1 is a white 

Cerufs of ANTIMONY f powder pro- 
duced of the regulus, diftilled with fpi« 
rits of nitre *n a faiid fiirnare- 

Cimabat of ANTIMONY, is prepared 
of a mix ure of fnipbur, mercury and an* 
limony, fublimed in a luted bolt head» 
and a naked fire 

Crocus of ANTIMONY \ See Oroc«* 
liv?r ef ANTIMONY f Metaltorum. 

Butter of ANTIMONY t * *^»*"«» 

^ gummout 

Digitized by VjOOQ L. 


j^immotisliqQor, prepared either of craJe, 
or regulus of antimony, and corrofive, 
fub''maie, pnlveriz'd, mixty aikl diftilled 
by a gemie heat. 

Goiden fulphur of ANTIMONY 1 is 

Precipitate of ANTIMONY J pre 
ptrett 1 cm xh^ fcvrim ariling In prepa- 
iiDg the regulusy by boiliug, filtraiioiiy 
tod adding diftiHM vinegar. 

MU^ifiery of- ANTIMONY, ia a yel- 
IcviO) powder prepared irom crude an- 
timony^ digcfled in a^^ua regia, which 
ftacomes an xnfi^id matter, by many re< 
pea ted ablations io water. 

Cntde ANTIMONY, is the native mi. 
aersl antimony, melted down and caft in 
cones; called ^li'o Antimony in /uhftance, 

PrefMred ANTIMONY, is that which 
lias paft un^er fome cbymical procefs, by 
whkh the netuFe and powerc of it have 
Been alteied and abated. 

. M^uluj of ANTIMONY, t ponderous, 
netaBick powder, which, upon fuilng 
Ibme of that mineral in its crude l^ate. 
finks 10 the bottom, leaving the fioria 
tr xmpurtttes on the top. 

ei4^j of ANTIMONY, is the crude 
ttitimony and calcined by a rery vehe- 
nent fire in an earthen crucible, till it 
leaves off fiimtng, and then vitrified in a 
wind foniace. 

fUmers o/ ANTIMONY, are the vo 
htile parts that ftick to the fubliming 
fpt^ tRer having been pulveriz'd and fub- 
jined in aludels. 

^ANTINOMI'A I'AvTmyiit o(afrl and 
fts/i^', Gr.J tbe repugnance or contra- 
ziety between two laws. 

4NTlNO'aS lAftronofny'i a part of the 
^onftellation, nanned aattila or the e^fle. 

ANTIPAGME'NTA [with Arcbiteasj 
Ibe garniture ot pofts and pillars. 
ving an amipatbyi or antipathetical qua- 

ANTIPATHY [Mtipatbia, Z. of df^t- 
«*3W<t^ of ciftt againlt and vd^^ the 
paffion] fonie fay the reafon of antipa- 
thy between animals is, that by the fight 
of fuch obje^bs certain impreffions are 
traofmitted thro' the fibres of the nerves 
into the' brains, which convey the ani* 
■nl fpirits into the nerves; which, up 
€>D the blood being rarified af:er another 
Biannef than is ufual, fends into the braids 
thofe fpirirSf which are adapted to rhe 
fomenting or cherifbing of terror. And 
•gain as efiuvia and fpirituous fteams pro- 
ceed from the bodies of tU creatures> 
fome of which dtfsgree with others, 
iliey do excite anger and hatred b each 

ANTlPE'LARoy im'tpelargis, Z, of 


Afriiri\afyU of ^(Ket^y^, Gr. t ftorl 
becaufe of the gratitude ol florks, wh 
feed their fires or dams when olrtj 
mutual thankfulnefs or requital of a b( 
nefit; but efpedally a child's nouriihii 
a parent in old age. 

ANTIPE'NDIUM, a large filver skre< 
that hides the front of an alrar in P< 
piA countries. 

ANTIPENDIUM [with the Jiomanifii 
a filver skreen, which covers the froi 
of an altar, which is hanged on wit 
fcrews upon a feftival day. 


pj, L. of «£]frl<p^Ti(, Gr] by w^y < 

ANTi'PODES [in Geo- 
gfapky] fuch inhabitants of 
I he earth, who dwell in 
oppofite parallels of lati* 
tude, and under the oppo- 
fite half of the fame meri- 
dian, and walk with their 
feet dire&ly oppofite one 
to another. The antipodes 
have the fame length of 
day and nigbt» but at con- 
trary times; when it is 
noon with the one, ic is midnight wit 
the other; and the longeft day wit 
the one h the ihorteft with the other 
they have Itkewile the fame decree < 
heat and cold ; they have likewite thei 
fummer and winter, the rifing andfettin 
of the ftars quite contrary one to ana 

ANTIPYRE'TICUM [of «Vt) and «i 
ftroe a fiery heat] a medtdae that «lla| 
the heat of tevers. 

ANTK^UA'RTIUM, a remedy again! 

tiiartan or fourth day agues incluiive froc 
t to fit. 

A'NTIQUATEDNESS [oi anti^uatm 
L.] the being grown out ot ufo o 

ANTI'QIJH rmiiftms, LJ andeirt 
Antique U chicfjy ufcd by architefts. car 
vers, painters, Jj^c. and is apply'd t« 
fuch pieces of work ss were performe 
at the time when thofe arts were I 
the grcitefl perfeSion among tht Greek 
and Remans I or alter tie time of AJex 
ander tbe Great to the, irruption of th( 
Gotbs, and aifo the hitagli*fs withii 
that time, and is afed in cppjfition t< 

ANTIQUE, is fomerimcs ufed in con 
tradiflir.aion to Ancient, which latter i 
ufed to fignify a lefs degree of antiqui 
ty> when the arc was not io its utmoi 

Digitized by VnOOQlC 


iSn'CffJO wKidgra^ a tern nfed of 
bri Gadici bni. dings co diftinguiflk tbem 
tarn the Jtr— r» «od Groeifc ones. 

IJ«nrftKHINONl i'Artiififw Gr.^ 

AXAHRUINON r tke heib calves 
ii^ or &ia9-dT«|ton. 

ASTTSCIOS SIGNS fin 4ffn)/(^ ] 
%^ wtich virith reference to each o 
aer, ire equally diftaot from the cwo 
3:fial figns Oncrr and Capricorn ; fo 
^ wbea a planet is in fuch a ftacion 
Ks£ud CO caft its ancifcipn, i.e. ro 
pt a vinue or influence lo another 
*" or plaaec that is in the oppofice 

ANTISCO'RODON fof «>ri and ^Jwg^ 
^ Gr.j a ibrt of sarlick callM Ailwn 

MSnrSPASlS [of «>t2 againft and 
vxMi. (»r. to draw] the revuliion of 
•/ *a»»cur into another part. 

AXTl'SPASTOS CArriWas^, Gr.;} 
a taoc in Greek or Xtfl/s vcrfe, which 
h» fke &f ft fyUable ftorr, the fecond 
altkird lone, aS AUxandrt. 

iXn'SPODA 1 [of tfVri and enUm^ 

ANTISPODI'AJ Or.] certain drugs 
<^ have the fame quality, aiid per- 
tai the fame operac*on thac Spodiun 
^3^9 asd are ufed inftead of ic -, alfo a 
^ of acdicinal aflies made ot cercain 

AXnSTE'RNON [of drrt oppofite to 
■* aad fifTW the brcaftj the bick-bone. 

ANTlsnnnuM lOldHrrinngsi amo- 

AVri'STROPHE, a connter-turn. In 
ia^cpiays among the ancients, a term 
af4w ^snty Uie turning of the chorus 
•r **e choir the contrary way 5 the 
Anfir or firft torn of the fitters be» 
iaK tn o-c fide or the ftage, and the 
JttJIripke or coumer-tufn on the other. 
, ANTi'sTKOPHfi fin l;r/c» Poetry] 

* aM^d of an ode which is (generally di- 
<Kd T'aco its Skropbe and jtuiftr^pbty and 

* a k'Dd of eccho or replication to the 

A^mTA^CTJE [of dfrireLtlm, to op- 
pfe or be contrary toj a fort or k£k 
^GKfikis, who held that God the 
Cte<or ot the ontverfe was good and 
M; but chat one of his creatures had 
^^'Vd erilf and enpged mankind en 
r^'m tr, in oppoficioo to God( and 
chat a IS tjie duty of mankind to op- 
f^ h's author of evil, in order to a* 
•^e G>d (ff his enemy. 

AVTITA'SIS [of dftndfvm^ Gr.l an 
cv^e^r^g OB (he conuary fide, refiftance, 

AVriTASrS [with Anatonvfti] an op- 
fk^ pticfrg of parts in the body, as, 
<tt « ue xirer and fpleej. ^« I 


ANTITHE'NAR [ofi^^Tj and ^Imf. 
Gr*"} one of the mufcles which extend tha 
:humb | it is alfo a mufcle of the great 
toe, arifing from the inferior part or tbo 
third Os cuneiforme, and paffing oblique* 
ly is inferied into qga Stdamoiden* 

ANTITHETA'RIUS. one thac endea*' 
vours to difcharge himfelf of a faA of 
which he h accus'd by charging the ac« 
cafer with the fame fad. 

ANTITY'PICAL [of mtityptm, L. 
*>Ti7c*T«r, Gr.l pertaining to antitype. 

and Vi^nerettSf L.1 the being ufeful •• 
gainft venereal dittempers. 

Bes ANTLBR, the ftarc or branch oen 
above the brow antler. 

Brow ANTLER, the ftart or braach 
next theheid. 

A'NTOCOW r with Herfe-doaori ] a 
round fwelling aboat halt as big as a 
man*s fifl, breaking out in the breafl of a 
horfe dire£lly sgintfl his heart. 

ANTOE'CI f [ of diTt over agqtnft 

AN not 'CI i or oppohte to, snd ««/•, 
Gr, to dwell 3 a name ^iven by geo» 
graphers to thofe inhabitants of the 
earth, who dwell under the fame meri- 
dian, but uideroppofire para'le's; fo thai 
they inhabit in the fame zone and the 
fame climate, but under different PoIes» 
and have tl.elr nocn and midnight at the 
fame time, but at diflre.cntre.ifms, ic be- 
in^ fummer with the one while ic is 
winter with the other. 

A'NTRUM, a cave or den, V 

ANT, %n emmett a pifmiie, a ImtU 
infed well known. 

ANTS IHiero^lypbiciaiy] were ufed Mf 
the ancients to reprefent laborious per* 
fons, diligent and induftrious in their call- 
ings. For ants are very laborious, iada* 
(liious creatures, and alfo ready to give 
aififtance to their ficUows. And the £- 
gyptiaa priefts, in order to fignify a 
country deftroy'd by ficknefi or war, pdc 
a few anrs near the herb Origanum, the 
fcent of which they cannot endure. And 
it is related of theeaftern farmers, thac 
in order to preferve their corn from ants, 
they were wont to cover it with Od-^ 

A'NUfilS [anupta, of a privative and 
nkbere to marry, L. ] call*d alfo JlgU, a 
goddefs of the Egyptianr^ who, the poeta 
fay, was Hio, the dau^^hter of Tnachut^ 
whom Jupiter having lain with, trans- 
formed into a white cow toskreen her from 
the rage and lealolify of his wife Jun^ » aF« 
ter her death (he was ado^'d by the Eg}- 
ptians, her hair was prefctv*d as a fhcrcd re- 
lick in her temple at Mem.bU^ the was ho- 
ooui'd as eke goddefs or oavigaiioa ani 

Digitized by VjOOQ IC 

A P 

the wMtber. Her flacue was a ^w' 
with horns, or, at fome fay, an imagie 
with the head of a dog, holding a p-ilm 
in one band, and a caduce in the other. 
Her prielis were iniciaced with blood 
ftnd wacer, bad their heads and beards 
Ibavcn, and wore all white linnen gar- 
ments. At the entrance of her temple 
was the ftarue of a Sphinx y to hgnit'y 
that fte was a myfterjous goddefs. For 
lier fake the S^ptums kept in the cor- 
jier ot her tein|>ic a white cow, which 
when it dy*d chey all mourned as for a 
prince, till anoiiier was put in the place 
of the dead beaft. TM fame is faid oi 
Apis. See JQii and Ino, 

A'NVIL [anJcUti Sax."] a mafTpy iron 
inftrtiment on which fmiths, \fifc» hammer 
their Woik. 

A Rifing ANYIL, an anvil having two 
nooks or corners, for rounding any piece 
of matal. 

A'NXIOUSNESS [pi dnxiett, F. of an- 
xius L, ] Anxiety. 

A'NY fanij, Sax,] 

AVJEKESlii [with Rbetoriciaiu] a a 

Sure when Come matter is cal.ed in que- 
ion, which we willed the judge to re- 

APAGO'REOSIS [ «V*>9/Nit/«ff,Gr. ] 
ftfigiu-e in Rhetorick called an incerdi^ion 
or forbidding, X. 

APARl'NB [«iV«e^/f«, Gr.] clivers or 

APANAGB, See Appamufge, 
^ APA'RTHROSIS f of Awi trom, ^d 
«^^v» Gr. a joint] the fame as abarticit- 
lath. • 

APATHB'flCALNESS [of mpatbia, L. 
ofajrA^i«t,Gr.J a freedom frompaiCon, 
«n iofenfibility of pain. 

APATISA'TIO, an agreement or coctrad 
made with another. OU Rec. 

APATU'RIA [iiji«7*e^»Cr.]fcftivaIs 
held in Athens in honour of Bacchus. JE- 
thra having made an ordinance, chat the 
Troexenian virgins (bould before marriage 
offer up their girdles to Pallas Apaturia. 
K APA'UMB t in Heraldry ] figai&es an 
band opened or extended, with the full 
palm appearing, end the thumb and fin- 
gers at Rtll length, F. ^ 

A'PE [apa, Sax.1% monkey. 

APE imeroglypbically'] was ufed by the 
Eiyptiansy frequently to exprefs the vices 
ot men ; and they painted an ape piffing 
tnd covering his excrements, to reprefent 
ft diflembler or crafty fellow, that would 
conceal the vices and weaknefles of his 
perfon : For this animal is very careful to 
hide and bury bis ezciemeots. An ape is 
tlfo a fy^mbol of an impudent and wicked 
fellow, *and ooe who admixes himfelf. 


APBCHEM A of ctVd end «;t»'. i. e. an I 
cho, Gr. ] a contra-filTure, when a blov 
is given on one fide, and the fra^urc mad 
on the other. 

APE'KIENS palpeham rcBus Twii h A 
natomy] a mufcle arifing in the orbit of a 
eye iiear the entrance of the optick nerv 
which pafTes over the attoHent muicle < 
the eye, and at laft is inferted to rh 
whole fuperior pan of che upper eye>lid 
theufe Of icis to openir. 1. 

APERIE'NTIA [in Medicine} apericn 
medicines, aperitives, fuch as opea ch 
obftru6^ed paflTages of the fmall veiTch 
glinds and pores, and by that means pro 
mote a due circulation of the concaine 

APE'RIENT feeds [in Medicines] ar 
grafs, madder) eryneo, capers and cam 
mock, called rhelerferj fmallage, fcnrtel 
afparagus, parfley and butcher's br(»om 
called the five greater. 

APE'RT (apertus, L.] open. 

APE'RTURE )[^i^/(irtf]ihe opening c 

APE'RTION I any thing, or a hole lei 
in fome fubj*d, other wife folid orconci 

APERTU'RA Tabidarum^ { Lam Term 
the breaking up of a lift will and lefta 
menr. L. 

APERTURE [with GemOricUmsJ th< 
fpace left between two liaes» which ma 
tually incline cowards each other to fom 
an angle* 

APE'TALOUSNESS [of « priv. am 
TrflAXcf^ Gr. a leaf J being wichoa 
A'PEX [in Gfompfry] che top of a coiac 
or any fuch like figure, ending in a Ibaq 

I'AffiXtw of eliro 
and »\i^, the 
run,Gr.] a name 
given by aftro- 
nomers to chat 
point of che or- 
bic ef che earth 
or a planet, in 
which it is at 
che iarcheft di* 

(Unce from the fun that can be; chus i 
planet A in the figure , is in its uimoi 
diftance or Aphelion, S. 

APHONIA (Vf evict of a and f9v),Gn 
che voice ] a loTs o£ fpeech or voice. 

APHKODISIUS ivipr^itf, che veiieTta3 
difeafe, L* 

APHRODITA'RIUM [with PhfidaoMl 

a drv medicine made of an equal pare d 

frankinceofe, pomegrsoacei meal and fcal^i 

of biafs. 

I . APHR^ 

Digitized by VnOOQlC 

nROCEDA [withrhffiamil ntUr 

imON [oidf^, CfrTja fort of 

W- . , 

tfHlOKXyRODON Idf^^mief^, 
Gr.] t Son of large PftrlicV, 1. 
iniONinrRONTof «>/•; froth, and 
1^, (ir.BureJ a Cuid oi nitre fuppo 
^17 1% lodeocs CO be fpome or the iubti- 
U«'%hsftpirc oi it, emerging at 

^HTXl'Afof rffefy, Gr. to draw 
I^K^don of a paUc thro* the wboie 
■7r kiig tbe kigbeft d^ree of fwooo- 
■intro ^ttb. 

, A'HTHUDOCrrESCofiif^A^if in- 
«Jjnilc,iaa/»W» 10 think] ^c. Be- 

i Jjwhoky that the body o ^fiu 
^*» iocomiptibie and impa£ble. 

™?TKDM,Wm-gcntle, min:, 1. 
J^3^ i^t ffo called of Apicius a 
wifulBftaaryj yolupittoulbds, oivo- 

W, :1k hoife-ndiih root, L. 
*f^wti t god Of the EgfPtimS' The 
1^ « chc iiuge is faid to be that of a 
"' **! iifome lay, che whole of the 
*V vat cfaat of a buU, bearing upon 
if ^*'* particular marks. 
^■fte golden calf which the Tfraeliies 
^■>&id to be tbe image of this idol 
4>c >ad tke manner of their woribipptng 
V* *ifk the tune as was that of 
JJj» sky mightily rejoyc'd, fcafted 

** OArap writers relate, that 
rj^ation 01 thole that were fo 
7|^a to worfhip this imag^ were 
■jfnai with yeilow beards. 
J«pwieft folemnities of the i^fp- 
J* »«Tt» the god Apis. This deity 
* » ifre a ccrcain number of years 
yrt taiprauon of tbem* the priefts 
**J^ Hm in the j^ret Ifile^ and all 
r!^ Boomed and lamented for his 
JJ'cB ttere wat another ox found that 
2|~* ^^Bte marks np^o hiin, and then 
J* *a IB uniFcrfal rejoicing all o7er 
?^*iy, exprcflcd by all manner of 

y* » r dicalous. 

!2Q^£$, immicalDels, ^. 

SSN ii^^i^l the he'b parfley, L. 

fJWMWr* rBofjBy] fmillage, JL 

^'WH'RioN for «T«>fttiV« to de- 
r^ *«ij « farewell fpecch or poem 
J*» pcjfoa*s going oat of his own 
Pj7»«r lome otbtex place, where he 

LJ^UrPTlCAlLY fof rfafftAXirflT. 
riSf'] by waj of reveUiioo. 

L^'2^apki'sm6$ r ot «>i ud AAirvif 

APOCATHARSIS [dwnd^feU, Oti] 

apiirgin«t both upwards and downwards. 

APOCCMBTRY [or *Vi and fittrfim, Or^ 

CO meaiurej the art of meafuring things 

at a diftance. 

.APOCRO'USTICKS [fpocroufikM L. J 
Medicines which obftru& the flowing of 
tae Humours into any particular part of 
the body» and repel them that are begin- 
ning to flow. 

. AfO'CRYPHALNESS [ o\ dwUfu^t, 
Gr.J hiddenneis, mylter«'oiif"efs. 

APcyCYNON [ d^Uym, Or. J dogV 
b^nr . 

AfODl'CTlCALLT i of </»«/«f <r, OfiJ 
by thd rhrronral fi^^ure Ap <eixis. 

APO'GRaPHY L W«4>^ji^f, Gr. 1 an 
inventory oi goods," a copy or tianfcripr of 
fome book or writing, a pattern or 

A'POLBPSY lApQl^, X* of 'Ae'«Xt4/ii 
Gr* a receiving jr recovering 3 an tjiter* 
cepting or preventing. 

APOLLINA'RIANSI [lb called of 

APOLLINA'RLSTS f ^tpoilhuru of 
JLaodicea, their leader] in aocie \: UA of 
Hereiicks who deniec that Jijus Ctrif 
afliuncd true flefli 5 but a ftraKu k'rH of 
flcA, which they fancied exited frum 
all eternity. 

. APOLIINARIAN Gmes Cwith the JPo- 
AdR/J folemn games held annually h\ ho« 
nour of ApoUoy on account of a fliower of 
darts and arrows that (as tre tradition 
^oes) fell on their enemies^ who fuddenljr 
mvaded chem> at the firft celebration of 
chefe games, and by this means the Jto- 
auau being vidors, foon returhed to their 

APOLLO [aceordh^ to tbe poets'} wsg 
the Too of Jv^iter and Uttma^ bom in 
the iQand Dthi^ which lay under wa« 
ter, floating in the J^^ean fea: Jm hoinC 
enraged at hor husoand*s amours, ha« 
covenanted wiih the earth to allow hm 
no other place \ but Nfptme out of pit/ 
raifed it up and fixed ir. When ApoU0 
came of fge, remembring to what Ihifts 
and eztrenuties the ferpenc Tjtboik^ ha4 
puc his mother, he flew him. Alter thif^ 
AMto begat Jl/ciUapiia who reftorad 
appUyf us 10 \i(c^ for which 7«^'terftruck 
mm with & thunder-bolt. ApoUo, becaols 
he could not be revenged ot Jupiter him* 
leU,flew the Qrfopj chat made the thunder* 
bolt, for whicnTwi^fvrbeiagiiceofed, ba* 
nilhed him out of heaven, and deprive4 
him (^f the Drifi leges or hts divimry tor 
a time : upon which he entered himtelf 
into the fervice of 4dmetuSy |£g of 71?^ 
fOjf^ and was his fl»ephecd»I)luid thenc« 
came to be cileemed the Ood ol fhepherda* 
Afcnwards laUiog uadex ttocfattr ^OBisfor- 

Digitized by VjOOQ IC 

A P 

tune, hy accWenttlly killing his "boy Hya^ 
nntbtu^ he fleJ to Trcyt and there meet- 
ing with l^ptune, under (he Uke misfor* 
tune, they ai&fted Laomedw^ in building 
bis icy, who having crfidioufly dented 
them the rewttrS 6t their labours, Nep- 
tune in revenge almolt drowned the city, 
and JpoUo fern a peftiie .;e \m ng the 
people. But ac length ApoUo re-alTuni'd 
his divinityi and became one ol' the moft 
noted of all the Gods, noi only by the 
great number of oracles he is Paid to have 
given in feveral parts of the world, but 
•Ifo by the feveral funilions attributed 
to him. See Delphos^ Cortina, Tripos 

Apollo was one cf the moft genteel ol 
the heathen Gods, of whom they do not 
relate fuch filthy ftorlcs as of the other. 
They make him the god of wifdom, phy- 
fick, muHck, learning, IffC* 

The ancients rcprcfenteii him ts a 
young man, without a beardt^ and rays 
of light about his head, having in one 
hand a harp and three graces, and ia the 
other a ihield and arrows. 

He wasalfo reprefented with long curl- 
ed hair, crown'd with laurel, in a purple 
robe, a filver bow in bis hand^ placed 
on a throne of Emeralds. 

APOLOGE'TICALLY [of «i'«<X*j,«T/xflp 
6r.] by way of apology. 

APOMECO'MBTRY [ of dni and 
$Uklf%myGr. CO meafure] an art fiiewing 
Jiow to meafure things at a, or 
to find how far they are off from us. 

APONEU'ROSIS [ *Airontift>tT{C, Gf. J 
sn enervation. 

^ APOPHLfi'GMATiCK Medicine f of 
dTopKiy/jMri^Hf^ to purge the head of 
phlegm J medidues to be chewed that 
have the faculty to purge the< head and 
brain of cold phlegmacick humours by 
thenofe, mouth, ^c, 

APOPHYGE' f«Vo^, Gr.] a fiight 
Ot efcape. 

ALK)PHYGB [in j^at^mji] aprotube- 
raixre ac che end ot a boue. 

APOPHYGE [Arcbiteaure] that part of 
ft column where it begins to fprtnjg out 
of its bafe^ and Aoot upwards, but this apo. 
phgye originally was really no more than 
the ring or fernl anciently fattened at the 
CJtcrenueies of wooden pillars to keep 
them from fplitcing, and which afterwards 
was imira'od in n-ne*work. 

APOTHYSBS Mammllares [ jtuitonq ] 
tie the begimiings oi che olfactory 
aervesy as tar as the Os cribro/um, 
where they ft! ivide intofmall fibres which 
pais chrocjl^ thoTe bones, and fpread 
tftrocighottt'Tlili' upper part of che nofe. 

APOPHYSIS aummii/^iil rAnatoml 

APOPHYSUin^oR&jtf f one ol che 


e)rfema1 eminences of che Os petroflm 
APOPLB'CTICA' Xloi difirxMtif. 
APOFLE'CTICK J peruining to or 
jt6t to che a, oplexy. 

A'POPLBXY I'ArcirXiifirt of«Vti 
t7«v, to ftrike or aftonifhj adifeafe w 
is a fudden privation of all the fei 
and fcn^blc motions of the body, t 
of che heart and lungs he ng evcep^ed, 
is attended with a c'epravij'cn ot 
principal faculties of the foul, by re 
that the paflages of the brain are ft 
and che courfe of the animal fp 

ATORON [ *Airi^ of « prlvac. 
vsgfc a paffage, Gr> J a prob!em in 
matbematkhs, which, though it is 
im^offible, is nevsrcheiefs very dUR 
10 be refolved, and h:.s not a£iually 1 
refolved, fuch as the fquacing of che 
cle, Igrc. 

APORl'A ldir(ie/*t Gr.J an incri 
bufinefs, perplexity of mind, doub 

APORIA [with RbetoriciansJ a^ 
where the orator is ac a ftand wha 
do, as, Jhail I /peak out, or be fit 

APORIA'RE [ Old Records 1 co 
broughc Co poverty, alfo to than oi 

APOSCA'SIS [of dirh and «r;t*^?»», 
cofcarify] a flight wound in the ski 

APOSIOPE'SIS L'ATO<rj»irj»rh or « 
viftrrdtt^ to hold one*s peace, Cr.] 

APOSPHACE'LIS \o\ Jn\ znd^ 
\®-, Gr.] a mortification. 

J'eio'tf, Gr.j a punifhment infli(^ed by 
Greeks on adulterers, by chruliing a ho 
radiffa root up the Anus, 

APOSPA'SMA [*TO«ri^^^*. Gr.]| 
of a thing drawn or pulled off, 2^ 

APOSPA'SMA [ with Surgeons ] 
drawing of one part iiom another, wl 
naturally ftuck ro it; as when cbej 
is feparated from a membrane , a ni< 
brane from a mufde, one mufde fi 
another, iffc. 

APOSTA'TICALLY [of apqft^a 
ot dfr^dtut^ Gr.J alter che mannei 
an apoftiie. 

APO'STOME[of dTtmiA9- of dfir* 
Gr. ro depart] a pieter-nacural tuo 
or fwelling, caufed by corrupt mil 
celle£^ed cogeiher in any p?rc ot 
body rommony called an Jmpq/ff^ ume» 

APOSTO'LICALLY [ apf^ioliquem 
F. of 'Ajrirox®', Gr.J alter .hcmai 
of an ap. le. , ^ 

apoftoHcat appointment. 

APcysYRMA C dmirifff** of dwt^ 



CiJte vldch is dnmOf Aared, or 

Mi off. 

OOnrtMA [with Surge<ms1 a ibar- 
e%^±t skin or o( a booe. 

iWTl'CTlTiE 1 f of dmtd^rm or 

; iWTA'CnCI 5 ^^rdtU I rc- 

■■ct,Gr.] aied.who anciemly aiFe&- 

fi3 bikw ihc eTMgelical couofelt c f 

K, and rbe examples of the apo- 
Ipnniiive diriftians, by renouoc- 
if «C Adi dSc&i and pofTefhons. 

tfOTELESM f 4^c^y»M, L. 'AiroTi- 
Itf^a, Gr.] a dedaracion of rl.e Ggni- 
rriaa a£ the ftars ia a oaiivicy; a 
akitt'toa of a ncc^Tiry. 

AKrrELESMA'TICKS [ApouUfmatici, 
L a6 'AnTfXf«-^«T/jt«< of ^^^-TtAio*. Gr. 
« pcriB&3 raachemacicians v. ho cui u- 
kasMritiei bf che ftacs, anJ ho d all 
ckifi iubjeft to che power of thr 

inj feparated (hemfe vcs 
from the anciei i (ocieiv 
oi Grocertt^ grew fo much 
infarour witbk ng /tfnui 
I. chat be ufed to call 
chem bis compan>y and 
gave chem a charter oi 
incorporadon, in the (if- 
cccnt^. year o* his re gn. 
7W» a ms are arg^ . jtpcUo arir.'c* 
witkt bi/v aad arrow furmo aed a F>> 
^K« Tbeir fapporterscwo unicorns, m^ 
steodi a rti-^ >ccro$ (brm'^u.iting a cor c 
iMhe&e:. T^^e mocto, Opifer ptrorhtm 

IF0THE*OSTS [*V»^HVirif Cr,'i or 
a codajadoo of emperors, che manne 
d tWir performing whtch was ^s toJ- 
bvf : vben the body of an emperor h d 
boried according to the cuftom, h s 
lot wax was placed ac th^ enc y 
« dbc pj^xe, upoQ 4 large bed of ivory 
l ^ Lo c^/ adorn d, and the pnyGo ai s 
^nd ic lot feren days* treating u as it 
> kad b een ^Hve in a fit of (icknefs. Li 
^ 'eaa while all the fenate and no- 
*Tj cf RiTg were prefe' t in m jur .in^ 
' :s. Aizer the expiration of ibelefe 
cays, he was held :or dead s d 
i ibry renoTed him to a publico pi ire 
^ the m^gifira'.es quicied their 

Tare che new emperrr afcended upon 
t k%i polpic call'd Rc^ra, becaufe U 
^v adrrn'd with ihe^crns of (hipsta- 
^ from che enemies in fea-figbts s and 
^t he mxde a funeial oration in praiie 
if -he deeaibd. 

^beo cbta waa ended ^(bey carried cb^ 
^9t of cbe dece^fe^ ^mperor out . of 
^acj ID ctefiddof Jl&nr/; wb^rt tbere 


wts ereaed a ftacely pile of tronatfck 
wood to barn it ; the Motmm gentry hav« 
ing rid round ibe pile feverai times in 
order, the ew emperor with a torch fei 
fire to the pile of woods ?nd then an ear 
glc was let fly Irom the top of it, which 
was im ginVi to carry the f >ul of this 
new God inro heaven : when an cm* 
pefs was thus uri.t, they Ici fly an ea- 
glet Inflead of an eagle. 

APOTHEOSIS, oi an emperor, wtt 
hicro^ yphically reprefented on a medal, 
by an ople ulcending up co heaven out 
of the flame of rhe funeral pile. 

APOrHE'KAPY [ apotberapia, L. of 
^iroS-tQ^vt^x Gr, ] chat part of phyfick 
that cures or prevents wearioefs from coo 
n-.uch !ah u 

APOTHEMS fofafro and Ti^a^iGr. 
ro place J che redu^ion of a diiiocatcd 

A?0'rOMt lilt Matbfmatkli'i 
i« the remainder or ditferencc of 
two incommeafurable quantities, 
an Irrational refidue as DC, when 
»rom a rational line BT>, C4l 'd b, 
yon cut off a raiional p^rt BC, -L(J 
cal.'d c, onjy commenfurable in 
power to the whole line BD. jj} 

To APPA'LB [of appat'if^ F.] todaunr, 
'adonifh or >^\(c^\iTvge, 
{ APPA'LEMiiNT, conftcrnaiion, afto* 

APPA'iN'AGB, See Appefu^e. 
APPaRAIUS is uled lo fi^nify ch« 
i:en(Us p^.rrain-ng to a mach'ne, as 
che apparatus of a Micro/cope^ Air pump^ 

APPARATUS [ wth Skrgeoiu ] th« 
ib^ndig-s. ir.eaicameuis and drelEngs of • 
pa r. 

APPARA^ruS major and minor [with 
Uthotomtfts^ ihr g! rater and lelTer pre« 
r>4racion, iwo different naechods of cut- 
ting or the ftone, X. 

Higb APPARATUS [ with Vtboto^ 
mifis j is making an in- 
cifioM above che groin along the Lined 
alba into the fund of the bladder ; ahd 
i.hro' chat they extraft the ftone. 

The fmaU or Um Apparatus^ it per- 
formed by tbrufting the rwo (ore- 
finges up the fundament till they touch 
or com^ fgtioft the (lone, and with 
them drive it to the neck of the blad* 
der^ and e«raA it from thence, (bro^ 
anmctfionln the Ffriiifffm. 

APPA'RENT hem one ^ftfe title la 
clear beyond difphe or contradlSlon. 

APPATIENT CoojunaioH (Agronomy 
is when tbe right Hno fuppofed co be 
I drawn tbxo*- cba^ gcdki^ ^L two planeti - 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 

iioit sot ptfi thro' the center of the 
ftanji. but thro* the fpe£lacor's eye.' 
APPA'RBNT Declination. See Decli- 

APPARENT »rixan f Afiraioffv ] » 
thur great drde which limits our ugbc i 
or r.^ia: plice where the heavens and eftrch 
fcen [o u» ro meer. 

APPA'RBNT Colours [according to the 
rid aucural pftim i>n/] thofc coli^arsrhat 
pie tjiien(t9'A i- cljadsi before the ridng 
Or at^ci the rercin;i of 'he fun; or thofe 
}n the rainbow, ^c. But thrfe they ivill 
not allow to be true cotourt, bs'.aufe chey 
mre HOC permanenc or laftinp . Thefe are 
galled alio emphicical colours. 

APPA'&ENTNUSS li^ffforauia, L. ] 
pla'nneis to be fcct^. 

APPARITION [with Afhonotiets^ U 
|]l)e becpqniiii Tifible of a fUr or other 
luminary which before was hid. 

APPA'RITOR [in the VHiverfity] a fort 
of beadle, who carries the mace before 
|he milters, faculties, IffC- 

APPA'K^EMENT [in Common fjm. ] 
likelihood, likeneft or lei^mblaacef as 
MarUment of war, 

*^APPARU'RA Canuccarm iOld IfOf'i 
f Toogh-ifackle^ all mamier of iisplexpeorf 
belonging to a plough. X. 

To APPE'ACH, the fame as ro im< 
peach, r. r. to accuTe one of any crime. 

^PPB'^l. [pia^llatio, L. whence 
pppel^ t*.] the removing a caufe from an 
interior judge or court to a fuperior, in 
f rder to reaify fomething amifs in a fen- 
^nce pafs*d by an inferior judge $ ic is alfo 
Ao accuf^tion or dedtracion of the crime 
6f any perfon i particularly the accufing 
of a murderer by a perfon who is ince* 
xefted in the party murchered. 

APPEAL ty BiU [in Lam;} h where 
% man of himfelf ^xves op'hu accuiati- 
tn lo writing, offering to undergo the 
barren of eppf aUng the perlbn therein 

APPEAL By Writ [in JLop] is when a 
writ is purcbafed out of chancery by one 
to another, to the intent he appeal a third 
eeribq of fome felony committed by htm, 
finding pledges that he fliall do it. ' 
^yPM'i^ANCB [ofpitrentia, L.] the 
C9peraor forfsce of a thing s or that which 
£ift ftrikesthefenfe or the imagufation; 
'^ABPBARA^CV [in ProfpemtfeJ is the 
i^prefentation of a figure, bodf or the 
lyceobje^, upon the perfpedtve plain/ 
HlPtaARANCB [in lunrj is the de 
%|idftm's * paging to anf^or to a cauTe 
or ^Qion entered againft him in Ibme 
ipart of lodicacure, 

l^fiJIAKANCES fwith 4ffi'0Mp|irr#] 

0mf #Pjf fi^fJf f *ff*^! 

'A IP 

To fine APPEA'RANCEf , is feemtiii 

to difcharge oee's dury, or. to acquit hi) 
(elf of the formalities or externals of 
fo as to fave hts chara&er and avoid § 
ing offence or fcandal. 

APPEA'SABLE [of a^fif^ F.] Ct 
fnay be pacified. 

APPEA'SABLENESS, capableqefs oi] 
ing' pacified. 

APPE'LLATIVEty [of appeUatif^ 
appeUativus, L.] by way of appellatioi 

To APPE'Np {appet4ttet L.] to hi 
up or ro." 

APPE'NDANr[4i|)|>«m/ciix, L.] hii 
ing to. 

APPE'NDED Remedies [In MedicU 
aie fuch as are outwardly applied 1 
hanginp" aboMr the neck. 

APPENDl'CULA, a little appendix. 

APPE'Nl^AGB \ the fortune, or po 

APPA'NNAOE i tion which a fof 
rafgn prince gives to his youuger fon 
children. The younger fons of Et^U 
have no certain appennages* but oo 
what the king is pleafed to beftow up( 
them I bat in ^ange the king's youif 
fons have (by virtue of the law of J^ 
pmbkife) dutchies, counties^ or baronr 
granted to them and their heirs, tl 
reverfion refervcd to the crown, 'and i 
matters of regality, as coinage, levyii 
taxes, Jjfc. P. 

APPE'NS A, things hanged up or weigl 
ed out. L. ' 

APPBNSU'RA [Old JUxordsl the pa; 
ment of money at the fcale or by weigh 

APPE'TIBLENESS [of oppetibilisyL, 
wbrchinefs to be oe fired. 

APPETITE [by Tbihfophersi is define 
a defire of enjoying fomething waqca 
or a complacency in the enjoyment of 
thing prefent. It is diftinguifli*d iatooi 
Imtary and naturaL 

Vobauan APPETITE [with ScbooSma 
is the will itielf a^ing under a comp 
tent knowledge or information of^ ill 
matter in hand, as the defire of Happing 

mural APPETITE [with S^boolmet 
a fort ofinftinv*}, whereby we are hh 
chanically puthed on to comulf our ow 

APPETrtlON, an cameft defire, < 
eagfer purfhit after. 

' A'PPLICATE [with Oeomettieiau] i 
a right line drawn acrofs a curve, fo as t 
\nStQt the diameter In a cooick fe^to 
it is called the erdifuife ^or J^mi ord/Mt 

APPLICATION,' the atf of applyi« 
one thing CO another By approachttC < 
jrioging them together j alfo tho^ manfl 
an iddrefs to a pi^n i tlfo ^uOndOft i 

mliid, dilig«ico»^<i)r. 

Digitized by VnOOQlC 

mjCAnnOH [wuh DhmesJ U 
Aimikaft whfr^ our Saviour trans- 
in qi Bikes 0ver to as what he had pur- 
cteU if Che fiuiaicT of his Hie aod 


hkm^ fgokt i to fit qoanticies, the 
■ni vtich are equal i hut the figures 
Am, (b tuc chey ftall conform one 
• Borier. ApiB, 

^ Tb IFPLT, is ofed for to trtntfer or 
Met Eoe ^«eit uuo a circle or toy 
kkriinv, fo that ic may be fitted or 
•"■iiiijjiul ihtre, as that its eztremi- 
m mif loacb the drcle. 
Ta tffiT [vith GeometnctMs 1 is 
Kt»apc6 Mfim^ ^ thus they fay, 
#v %d%^ when they wouJd have 
Hi^iiibyg. Andilfo, 
^RLY, ii ifed f or to multiply by the 
^vritcn. Tbts they iay« due 8 in 
n, vita they wpold hire ii multiplied 

'HO'KEKB [OM Xccor^] to pledge 

^* IftWT isffnUfn, t.] to bring 
••7 low 

JROtnONMENT [afporthnamen^ 
^Im Ijl] a dividing of rent into 
|*J wro or fortioDt, acoording as the 
■'>*(« ic iffoes isdivided among two 
VMe: Tlsiif a men have rent fer- 
^*^«Nc o( land» the rent flMll be 
jMnMiooDidbg to the Talne of the 

*|WnnOM [with rbii^fphertl an 
*■■«( Mttcr to any body outwardly i 
«KiidbiUf applied to the encreafe 
*^ inkOK Ufei and ia cdl'd alfo 
JWHTENfiSS lofafpt^us, L.] fit- 
mior ii$ ppfpofe_ 

A'Hiraufin', the valoacion of 

..—«*,*,»*, BSS [of spprtken- 
I 2>''] *Pm6 t» appieheody ieofible. 

! ftemCBSHiP, the time of en 

JliltlCATB la^rkari^ L.] to fet 


'•['^efWn. appro.Aed/'^ 
j.«mO'PElATB Igpproperatm, 
i ji^ agb to, CO npproach. 
jgmUTB 1 tsi»ropriatMS, 
JPWIUTBO I L.J a term 
l^fUdbphen Of femething which 
?"l^ coMMD to feveral » yet in 
b pecuUarly ettriboted. 
Wm lin Uml fignifies 
^rr« benefice, the pfuonage of 
fnfKNKd (0 ions dnirch digpilty» 


fo thit the parfoo receives the tithes^ 

APPRO'PKIATENESS lo£ approprief. 
V, appropriatwny L.j fitncfs to fome u«her 
chinR, ^. 

APPRO'VABLE [of approuoer, F. 4^. 
prohdre, L.] ;harinaybe appruved. 

APPROVEMENT [ approrvcamentum^ 
tarn tat. J is ufed for impruvemeot bf 
ancient writers. 

APPROXIMATION, a coming or put- 
ting near to. X. 

gfek} is one of the methods of tranfplan* 
cation or the remo^ng a difeafe from one 
creature to another, orfiom aa animal 
to a pfant. 

A'PPUI [with Wrfemeni is the (liqr 
upon the borfe-roan's hand, or the reci- 
procal fenfe between the horfe's mouth 
tnd the bridle hand ; or the horle's fenfe of 
the a^on of the bridle in the horfeman'e 

A ftdl APPUI [in Horfiman/hipl h « 
firm itay without refttng very heavy, an4 
without bearing upon the horfeman*s hand. 

A mare than full APPUI [with Horfi- 
men] a term they ufe of a horfe that is 
ftop: with fome force, but ft ill fo that fm 
doos not force the horfeman's hand. 

A'PRIL [of aperiendo^ L. opened, be- 
ctule the pores of the earth are then 
opened J the fourth month from Decewher^ 
The ancients painted this mouh like % 
yooDg man cloathed in green with a gar- 
land of myrtle, and hawthorn bu<}Sy 
winged* holding, in one hand primrofea 
aod violets, and m the other the oelciliai 

A'PSiDBS [of 'Alir, Gr- « vault or 
arch] fo railed brcaufo vaulted over, % 
kind of private oratories or chappels in 
great churches s alfo ca1!ed Doxalia or 
Doxtdogia^ and is ufed in the lom-Comt' 
tries for a kind of choir or place beyond 
the alrar, where the religious fit and fing 
the office without beiqg ieen by the 

A'PSYCHY lapOpbid^ L. of « priir, 
And 4(';(», Gr. the foul, )<)rc.] a fwoonii^ 
O' tainting away. 

APsrCTOS [of (S and -^Xf^* cold, 
Gr."] a precious ftooe, which, wnenfaoc, 
wiJJ keep fo 7 days. 

APSYCTOS [with rhffidau] the coU 
or ihaking fit of an ague. 

APT laptMJf L.3 fit, proper, meet, . 
convenient, propenfe, or forwardly lift, 
dined to. 

To A^PTATE [aptiUmi, L.] ro ma)c« , 

To APTATB M riaut [with 40ro^ 

ins'J it -co ftrengthen the planet in poii- 

tioQ of houfc anddiviiiiii to the greaieft 


Digitized by VjC ■~-^' ^ 

t^Btafra, fa order to bring about the ie- 
£s€6 end. 

APY'ROTOS [dvufVot^ Gr.J cbe beft 
ton oi a cftrbuncle which glows as cho' 
barning, yet canno' be hurt ry fire. 

APYIIUM Sulphur [in Medicine, ful- 
abiir chac has ooi lelt the fire. Or has not 
been burnt. 

A'QUA, water, rata; alfo waterifli ho- 

AqUA CixUfiis [with Cb^fls'] hea- 
venly water, i. e. red fy'd wiLe. 

jr-w r-v>-v>^ AQUA 

[in Cl^y 

wucal IVriters] isexpreffed by ttefe cha 

AQUA DISTILLATA, difiiUed fTater, 
M water drawn by the diftilJing any kind 
of herbs and drugs. 

A AQUA DifiiUata [ ji Cbmi 
cat PVritittgs] is exprefs'd by 
this ^h^ra6lef . 
kQ\3h omnium fJarum [yrlth Thyficians] 
i.e, water of kll flowers; the .\t/acer di- 
fliUed from the dung ot cows when they 
go CO grafs. 

AQUA FORTIS [i. e. &roitg JTateT] a 
corrofive liquor fervipg as a xneiftruum 
wherewtch to diflblTc filver, and all 
other metals, except gold. It is made of 
a mixture of purity'd nitre or file-peter, 
vitriol calcined white* and pottei'seatth 
or day, dilliUed in a clofe reverbeiarory, 
the itimes condenfing io the receiver ate 
tbe Aquafortis^ 
\ / r\ ACMJA FORTIS [in CiymU 
\ri cat miters'] is cxprcfled by 

AQUA iutercus [with Phficiaul the 

AQUA Maritut^ a precious ftone of a 
fc»-gicen colour. I. 

AQUA Pericardii [with Fbyficiaul that 
liquor or humour that is colle^ed about 
ike heart, fervic^ to cool it. 

AQUA Regia 1 [i. e. Royal PTater] 

AQUA Regains f a liquor m^de by dif- 
Jolving fal aimoniac in fpiric oi nicre, 
•«ifo called bccaufe it diffolvcs gold. 

^'^ £in Cry- 

wucal mitmgs] ia exprelTed by ooe of 
ihele fharaacrs. 

AQUA ttcundfl [with Surgeons'] a li- 
q«or made or common water, and the 
powder orprecipicaieof filveri it is ufed 
IO caufe an eicar to fiall oflT io ftaokers, 
«tf^ TO confbroe proud flcfli. i. 

AQUA ihyfiUca. See A^m Htgia. 


IS commonly undertto' 
id the like. Q 

fio Chym. y\ 
red by this ^ ^ _ V i 

A^A TITJE [/'. e. water oT ISfeJ 

Tort M cordial liquor formerly made 
brew*d beerftrongly bopped^ and well f< 
mented i now it is commonly underfto' 
ot fpirirs,ceneva,aDd tbe like. 

AQVaVIT^ fid '• 
miter r] iscxpreffcd 
char^der. ^ - 

A'QUABIBE Tor 4^ wa^cr* aod^i/ 
re to drink, 1.] a water- drioker. 

AQU£DU'CT la^iuduaus, Lj a oo 
▼cyance oi water by pipes, m conduit 
watet-s is a conftrudion of ftone or tii 
ber made on uneven ground, ro pre&r 
the level of the water, and convey it i 
a canal from one place to aooClier. 

AQUJEDUCT [with jtaMmifis] 
paflage or perforation, partly membi 
nous, and partly cartilaginous, leading o 
of the bony paflage of the internal e 
into che palate. 

A'OUAGB Caqu^ttan, L.J a wate 

AOUAU'CULUS lv,hhAnMt<06fti 
the lower part of tbe belly or paunc 
called alfo Ofpogafiriwn. L. ^ 

AQUA'RIANS,! fca of Chrifttans wl 
Ufed nothing but water in the facrament 

AQUA'RIUS IvrUhAfirofiamers] acd 
ttellation of the zodiack maiked thus ** 
and confifts of 99 ftara. '" 

AQUARIUS [the mter-Beafer] th 
teems to to be called Aifuarius from i 
form. He ftaads holding a bafon in 01 
hand, and feems to pour out much w; 
ter. $pnie .will have it, that this is Gt 
nymedet and foppoie that tc is fufficte 
ground for chat conjeftmre, becaufe tl 
pidure bears fome refemUance to oi 
pouring out wine, and they briiw tl 
poet for an evidence, that lays, that G 
wj/medes was fnatch'd op to Ju^ter to X 
hia cup>bearer, and was by tbe gods a 
counted worthy of the office on account 
his great beauty, and becanfe he gave 1 
men imroortaliry, which was unkbowa 1 
them beiore. That pouring fonh is fbi 
pofod to refemble Ni'fljrr(aod that istt 
drink of the Gods) and thatth'sis tli 
refemblance of that drink, the confte 
hiion has two obfcure flars on thehea 
one great one on each tboolder, one t 
each elbow, one bright ona On thb c: 
treme part of his right, hand, one c 
each pap, one 00 the left hip, ooe c 
etch knee, upon his richt leg one; i 
all feventeen. The pouring out of wat< 
is on the. Idt band. It has liiirty ftars, i 
witich two are bright, the reft obTcure. 

AQJJATICKS* trees or plants whic 
grow on the banks of rivOr& in marOk 
aod wtceiy placea. 


Digitized by VjOOQ IC 

A H 

IQPATITBS [in Bdait}} foch pkms 
iffovm water. 
IRffiC/ MEROTRIAL. conliftiiig of 

•wer and aiercoiy. 

l^tnOUS Duas [^4r«ifn] certtfo 
^ vkreby cbe aqueous nuinour if 
^^^ to be conveyed imo che infide 
« -he anifanaes which iodoTe chac H- 

I'^EOOSNESS 1 [of samfitas, L.1 
M^ilHE^ f wtt^rifltnefs. 
AQpiFOUUlf [ with Botarufis ] e 
KW cf kolm-cree with prickly leares i 
•b the hoUf. tree, i, 

IJCni.A [4^it»eiiiy] the eagle, a 
c«iei«ion coafiftioc of 70 ftars, ac> 
f!£i| to cbe Bnt^ catalogue. This 
> tie et|]6 (according to the poetf) 
^ cur^^d GMmjniied/f ti|> to heaven, 
^ptbitti bim to Jitter ic be his 
<¥^eticr, aV bough be was placed a 
■<i|(bt tars upon auocber account, i. e, 
^(be gods made a diftribntion of che 
^ SBOQI themfelves, Ju^ter chofe 
■^oijes tod alfo becaufe he of all 
fberKrdica fly aninft the fuo, and 
■>B( <f|«eaed by htt rays, azMl tbere- 
■K sbcuBs the firft place among them. 
b ■ npfcfeaied with eitpanded wings, 
2^ ii were fl^g. 4^iaqfibiHes re- 
■% tbtt Jmfitir was brought up in 
^|k, aad when be was dtUgentiy fought 
litt tbere. be was caught up. and car> 
■^ ID Na»#. and after be came to the 
Jl^Qt neahood. took upon him the 
^|fea oi the gods ; and that goitfi 
"^ ilexes 00 (he expe^'icion againft 
^Aai, be bad the eagle f ?r hts com- 
p>^ a-d it proTtng tortunate to b'm, 
"■M be eagic facred, and pliced ic 
^1^ the ftars. And this is the rea- 
*« cbe r-ooDur that it obfained in 
"^*ca. It htt foar ftars. the middle- 
a^ is a brifiht one. 
MJOILPGU 1 the plaac Colum- 
I^IE'IA f bine: L, 
raniO, ibe north, or nonh eaft 
*1 L 

•jWKery p flages. the chancels of the 
^^' carry ihe watery humours. 

J^mx [d^Moftds, 1.] wateriih. 

^U |Tn Me4icne^ % fmall wt- 
^iMder in (he liTer. fpteen. or fome 

^ [with A^tmmers^ «» «X»^ • 


— ^ — -.containing 8 ftars. 
J^IANT 4d ciiriM Dommi [M 
fMij t phraie nied of thofe who 
V bf Urn tenore of ploughing and 
V|| tk locriTi laodi wUboiu ch« as* 

AKABB'SK r^o called from the Ar^Agg 
who ufed (his kind of ornaments, their 
religion forbidding them to make an/ 
images or figures of men or animals] a 
term appIyM to Aich painttnf, ornamenn 
of freezes, \ffc. which conhfted wholly 
•f imaginary foliages, plants, ftalks, J^rc 
without any human or animal figures^ 

ARA'BIA [of y^y^ Heb. black, or of 
1Iliy> Hf^. a chicJ^>r robber] che ono 
on account of their fwarthy complexion^ 
and :he latter on account o^ their chie- 
?ifli difponcion. The Arabians having 
in all ages been fo addi&ed co ctiis rice, 
that, as Martin dci Rio obferves, ir was 
as ufttil with che Jevs co oU a thiet 
an Arabian f as ic was co call a merchant 
a Cmaanite^ and a machemitlciaB a 

A'RABICK Figwes \ [fo called be- 

ARABICK Charaaers J caufe bor- 
rowed troTi che AroBi] are the mi.ue« 
ral charaaers common'- y made ufe of ia 
large computations, as o, I, 2, 3. 4, y, 
^* 7> 8* 9* noc ufed in EngUaU till ch« 
iBch century^ 

ARA'BICUM Gummi ^ z cranrpareoc 
kind of gum being brought from ^4ftM9 
a gum which diftills from a fpecies of 
ACMciti» r 

ARA'BIC lArdicus^ L.] belonging to 
the Ataxias. 

A'RABIS lB9tamfl an herb called Can- 
dy Thiftlc. 

A^'RABISM, an idiom or manner ci 
Tpe iking peculiar to che Arabs or Ard" 

ARABUS laifh, a ftone white as ivorjr« 
che powder or which is a dentifrice. 

ARA' HNE l^c^x^M, (Jr.] chefpidet, 
an infe£l ; alfo a cobweb. 

A'RACK I a fp-rit procured by df- 

A'RR ACK f ftilliag from a vegetable 
juice called Tnddit which flows from che 
cocoa-nut cree, having incifions made in 
ic, like as is our birch juice. 

ARJEO'METER [ of «'o«»r, Gr. thir^ 
and fctTA^v meafure, Gr-"] aninftrumenc 
CO meafure the deaiaty or gravicy of 

ARJBO'STYLOS [of dcpaht thtn, and 
rA^ a column, Gr»] a fort of build- 
ins where the pillars are fee at a great 
diuanre one from another. 

ARJEOTICKS [with rfjHc'mi] me- 
didnes which tend co open the pores of 
the ikin. tiai render them Urge, for 
che morbifick matter's bst'ns carry'd off 
by fweac or infenflble perfpiracton. 

ARA'HO, as in Arabo conjurMtt [CH 
Ijm] CO make oach in cbe church oc 
fome other holy place. 

AlUlOrai..ipi*r. K ^^^ 

Digitized by VjOOQ i ^ 

*R4lGMEB [ ''n ftrf zi&Tdf foil ] the 
un. h, rt^tiirn, or g-^llcry of a mine. 

ARa'TORY [aratorius, i] bcloi.ging 
to riJla r. 

ARaTKUM ten a [Old Records'] at 
muih hnd as can be ciUed wich one 

aRATUKE [aratufay L.] ploughing 

ARAT 1 [probacy of artofer^ 

ARA'YINGf OU Fraicb^ dieft, 
jaib. laymcnc. 

AHhITRAL larhitraTttiLA of or per 
taiDiDp TO an srbicracur or arbiiracion, 

AKBlTRARtLY [ex arhitrlo^ 1.J af- 
ter one's own will. 

ATIBITRARINESS {oiarbitrarluSy IJ 
nfiiog merely according to will and pica 

ARErrRATOR [with C^'iUans] U 
■nderftood differently troQ an arbiter* 

An arbitrator being left wholly to zGt 
i^ccordirg ro his own difcretion^ with- 
•uc fokmnuy of procefs or courfe of 
^idgment \ whereas an arbiter \% obli 
ged to a^ according to law and equity. 

A'RBOR, a tree. L. 
. ARBOR DioMy Diana's tree. £,. 
\ ARBOR Mortis [with Ctymifis] coral, 
St being fuopofed to grow like a tree 
or plane under the water of the fee. X» 

ARBOR [in Mecbanicks] rhe principal 
fare of a machine which ferves to 111^- 
lain the reft i alfo a fpindle or axis on 
which a machine turns. I^ 

ARBOK Genealogical i.e. the tree of 
confanguinity ; is ufed to fignify a line* 
age drawn out under the form or relcm- 
fciance of a root, (lock, branches, Jgrc. 1. 

ARBOR For;^^i«ntf, otherwife called 
&ala pradicamentaiij [wnh Schoolmen 2 
a fcale ot beings, or a figure that con- 
ifts of three rows or columns of words, 
Che middlemoft of which contained the 
feries of Genera and jfpeciet, bearing 
fome analogy to the trunk, and the ex- 
neams contain the differences co the 
isanchcs of the tree thus. 1. 

Tbiniing Extended 

iunitnate jhhnate 

irrational kational 


This That 


' ATlBORAI^YCdr^prtfrjiii.L.] belong- 
ing to tribes. 
ARBOR£T$, Uttle arbours. Mtilt. 

AUBOROUS [ of tfrier. I, J loll 

trees or arbours. 

A'RBORIST one that is skilled 

ARBO'RBOUS [arboreus L.] of or m 
or pertaining trees.t 

ARBU^TEOUS larbideus^ L.] of era 

ARBUTUS, the crab- tree. JL. 

ARCA Cyrograpbica, a common ch( 
with three locks and keys, kepc by o 
rain Ckriftians and Jews, wherein 
the coBtrads, mortgages and obligatic 
belonging to the /ews^ were kept 
prevent fraud, by order of king Riebm 
the firft. 

ARCA'NtJM Jowale [with Ctfti^ 
is an amaigama made ot equal parts 
tin and mercury, powdered and digefl 
with good Ibirit of nitre : the dry mt 
being powdered agaJn, after the <pt: 
has been drawn off in a reton, and la 
]y di^efted hi fpirit of wioe, till t 
powder is become tafteleft. 

ARC BOUTANT [of arc and Bouti 
F. to abutj in JrcbiteSure fignifies 
flat arch abutting againft the reios of 
vault in order to fupport it, tod preve 
its giving way. 

ARCBO'NIS [Old S£Cords2 a faddl 

ARCEUTHOS [BotatfJ the junip« 

ARCH [probably of «^^;t^f, dr.] a 
raot or notorious, as an arcb-rc^aep t 
arcb trajitcTy an arcbwag. 

A'RCHNESS, waggiflmefs, dextcroi 
nefs in management, cnft, craf Joels. 

A'RCHAL [with Botani/ls} l>erh 
Jhire liver-wort. 

ARCHANGEXrCA iBotant] the h^ 
Water-angelica. L, ^ 

ARCH CHA'NTER, the chief or pin 
fident of the chanters of a church. 

ARCH CHYMICK, as arcb cbymk 
fun, the chief chymift the fuo. Milt: 

ARCH DRUID, the chief or pood 
of the ancient Druids. 

An ARCH f of arcuSt l» % bow J 
bending in form of a bent bow. 

ARCH [in Aftronoiny] as the diurm 
arcb pftbefim, is paro of a circle para, 
lei to the e4]uatoi, which is defcrtU 
by the fun in his courfe between ri&n 
and fet ring. 

ARCH ofDireaion [in Afironomf] i 
an arch of the Zodiack^ which a plane 
feerns ro pa^s over, when the motion < 
it is according to the order of the (igo 

ARCH of Retrogradation [in 4ftrout 
mjf^ is an arch oi the Zodiacl^ defer 
bed while a planet is retrograde, mc 
?ing contrary to ch€ order o? the figrs. 


Digitized by VnOOglC 

A R 

HOiefrifiam I Afironomfl is the 
I i^ <tf ite fna below the horizon, ar 
i «tkk I Itr begins co rile again, which 
! itSKV VIS bid in bis rays. 

iaiir tSiCM^ iGeometfj] arefuch 
<CKaiB (be ianw number oi degrees of 
Kfal oKles. 
Saean^ST ARCHES lArchiteSure] 
I af ibaGe which make an exa6^ femi- 
<n2e, tad have chetr centre in the mtd* 
ii a cae rhord of the arch. 

SAmt ARCHES ZArcbiteOure] arches 
fe tie Icis Chan a lemicirde, and of 
M^Esfcace tre fisccer* concainlog Qo, 70 

aCHlS oftbg Mrd ami fourth point 
{ik MdkitiSsB'el Are inch as coofift of 
zae t!(bes ot a circle ending in an an> 
^ at che cop, and are drawn from the 
Mm 01 a chord toco B or 4 pares at 

Hf^ ARCHES lArdfiua.^ confifi 
«a 'lieas-elipfisy and have commonly a 
icj ftaoe, and chapcrels or impofts, cbey 
vera fanaerlj much in ul« for mantle- 
neak cfatmneys. 

AuBT ARCHES [^c/^i^aiire] are ar- 
<^ eke opper and under edges of whirh 
islnic; as diey are curYed in others, 
»i db Aofe rwo edges paraUel, and 
>^ cadi and joints all poiBcing co a 
«e»f chef are lied over windows, 

ttCHE. rA^;k?'< ^""O '^ beginning, 
• r.OTE3ce- 
ttCHE [m JfedifJK] Che begioung 

[ llCHED l^s [with Farrifrty Jyc] 
^ inyiikQJon sn a horfe, when being 
■ ks aaxural poiicion he has bis legs 
^ ibrward, and the whole leg makes 
t^ad of srch or bow. 

aCHE^TYPAL iTorU fwith the TU- 
NIf j the warld as it ezifled in the di- 
^ Mid, or in the idea of God be- 
ta be creation. 

.ttCREUS [of *A^x». Gr.] ihe prin- 
y o T fi/e and Tigoor in a~y HWng 
^■c; the ancient chymiftsufed by 
^Jp» to ezpreft fome certain prin- 
^M^ife and notion^ as the caufe 
yj*ii effeds obfervable in nature, 
2£Mb been allied by them to very 
2^j*^lkbigss fome uie ic to fignify 
SS^E^^^ in the centre of the eanh, 
^'~* CO ic cb« generation of me- 
^ erab, and 7up|>ofc it alto co 
fribdple of life in Tegetables} 
«i<lit4ud by ic a certain univer- 
':, which (at chey imagine) is 
ihroughont che whole creation » 
At a&ve caufe of all the phsc- 
I- «f «•!«• I oihcta |if • u she 


name of ammanumdi^ /'• ^. the foul of 
che world ; and fome call u che Vulcan 
or beat of [he earth > chey fuppofe there 
is a fljare of this Afcbeui in all bo- 
dies, which when it is corrupted, pro- 
duces difeafes, which they ftile Jrcbeai 

ARCHEZO'STIS [In Boian^l the herb 
white vine. 

ARCHIACO'LUTHOS [•Ap;t'**«^«'.- 
3^, Ot,^ the chief of the Acotytbi, 
ho were certain tninifiers in cathedral 

ARCHIALO'GICK [arcbialogictu^ Z. 
of dj>X'^^^t^'of9 GT'"] treating of or be* 
longinf! to Archialofsy. 

ARCHIAXOGY [arckialogia, L, of 
dfx,t^^ryi*^ Gr. j a difcourfe or creattftt 
ot antiquities. 

ARCHIEU'NUCH [of*>x«cs*^wX^I 
the chief of che eunuchs. 

AKCHIGA'LLUS, che chief of tht 
priefts of Cjbele. 

ARCHIGE'NII Morhi [ with FibjtfEci- 
ans] acuce difeafes* 

ARCHIGRAMMATE'^S, the principal 
fecrerary or chief clerk of an office. X. 

ARCHl'GRAPHY larcbifrapbia, L: o( 
^fX'y&t^''^' Or*'! fecretariflup. 

A'RCHIPOTE [arcbipotat L] ihc chief 
or mafler drinker. 

ARCHILO'QUIAN Verfis^ a foirt of 
verfes wheieof Arcbilocbus was the I&« 

ARCHIMA'NDRITE, the fupcrior oft 
monaftery, much the fame as it now^ 
called an abbot. 

ARCHTMI'ME, an arch buffoon. 

ARCH-PRIOR, che mailer of the oTi 
der of the knighcs cemp!ars. 

>«r Gr.'] the chief ruler of a lynagogue* 

ARCHITECTO'NICK, ihac builds S 
chtng up regularly according to che ut; 
cure and propercies of it. 

Uaval A'RCHITECTURB, an art chat 
teaches che conftruSion ot ihips» galleyt 
and ocher floating veffels for che water t 
wich ports, moles, docks, ^c, on thit 

Counterfeit ARCHITECTURE^ is thac 
wherein the projedures are painted ei- 
ther with black or white, or coloured 
after the manner of marble 1 alio called 
fcenO work in che painting of columna, 
l^rc* thac feem co ftaod ouc in reUerOg 
in cheatres. 

ARCHITECTURE [in Fer/iMve']^ 4 
fore of building, the members of whSch 
are of different meafures and modules . 
I and diminifh in proaorcion co their dlf- 
cance to m«ke che building appear looitf 
and larger to ch« view than ic really if« 

Digitized by VjOOQ i ^ 


ATICHITRAVE [of «>xi. <Jr. chtef. 
mnd tfabs/L. a beam] thu pirc of a co- 
lumn or order of columns thac is above 
or lies immediacely upon the cftpical. It 
IS che loweft member of the triie, md 
even of the whole entablature ; tc U fup- 
pofed CO repreft^nc the principal beam in 
timber buildings. Ic is fometimes called 
the ReafoH'piece^ as in portico's, cloifteis, 
}ffc> the M^er-pece in chimneys, and Ify 
ferthyron over the jambs of the door or 
lince.s of windows 

ARCHITRAVE Doort [with ArcbiteSj'] 
fuch as have an architrave on the j^mbis 
and over the door, upon the cup-piece, 
if ftrait, or If the cop be cuived on the 

ARCHITRAVE iVindms [with Arcbi- 
U8i] are commorily an ogee raifed out 
of the folid limber, wi(h a lift oyer it. 
^ ARCHIVAU'LT larckivolte, F.j the 
ioner contour oi an arch i or a frame 
fct off With mouldi-^gs, running over the 
laces of the arch ftoi es, and beari.gup. 
on the impofts. 

ARCHO'NTES rA/.;t'^rTic, Gr,'} the 
ehiet magiftrates ot the city of Athens, 
after the kingly government had been a* 

ARCO.'NICUM,ftrfenick, a mineral 1. 

AR'CTOS MINOR [in 4/tronomy] the 
IriTer hear. 

ARCTOPHY'LAX [ *A;«Tott/\«f , of 
dpivtls a confteliacion called tr.e Bear, 
and ^o'Xa^ a keeper J che p^ets tell ut, 
that ArSopbylax was rhe fon of Jupiter 
and Califlbo, an Arcadian, whom Lycaon 
cut in pieces and fct before Jupiter to 
cat at a banquets and chat Jupittr o- 
▼erthrew the table, and out ot abhor- 
rence to Ijfcam^^ cruelty, burnt his houfe 
ivith a ihunderhotf, but joining together 
the Arcadian t divided limbs, placed him 
among the ftars. Eratofibenes. 

ARCTOSCO'RODON [with Botanifts] 
the herb Ramfons. 

ARCTOSTAPHY'LOS [with Botanifisl 
the bilberry. 

ARCUATI'LE [arcuatilis^ L,"] bowed 
' tr benr. 

ARCUA1.IA qgGr [i4n4^m^] the bones 
of the finci^ut, or as fome will haVe it 
of the temples. L. 

ARCOATION [vfUYiOardenersJ the 
raifine of trees by layers. 

A'RCULUS [among che Soman/] a 

* deity who oppMed thieving, whereas che 
^oddefs lavema was an eicourager of xc 

ARCO'ATURE \_arcuatura, Z.J the 

• V>wing or bending of an arch. 

A'RBfiNTNESS [of ardens, X.] heat j 
. •[fo eagcrncd ofdcttre, yarmth of tffcc- 


AlU>fiNTLY iardemmtnt, F. m-di 
£.] with warmth or paffion. 

A'RDOR, vehemence, fervency, 
neft ('eiire. Z. 

A'RDOR Ventriadi, t pain in thi 
mach ufmlly ca'led hean-burniog- 

ADDOR Ur/fU, a ftiarpnefs of urii 

ARDU'ITY larduitas, X.] ht 
fteepnefs } alfo difficulty 

A'RDUOUSNESS [of tfriufW, X.; 

A'REA [with Gardemrs'] a be 
quarter in a garden. 

AREA [with ^fironomers] a circ 
bout che moon and fome liars, orhe 
called HaU. L. 

AREA [in Pntifkattm] the fupei 
conrenc ot any rampart or other wo 

To A RE AD, to dedicate to, t( 
form. Milton. 

To A'REFY [arefacerey X.J to i 

ARE'NA [fand, fo called becaufi 
place was ftrew'd with fimd to hide 
the view of the people the blood 
in che combat] the pit or fpace it 
middle of the circus or amphiiheaci 
the JiomMs^ where the gladiators hail 
combats, and fometimes It was ufe 
the circus or amphitheatre icfelf, 
fometimes for the campus of the fol 
and army. 

ARENA'CEOUS [arenaceuMyl..'} i 
or like f^nd. 

ARENA'RIA IBotaivfl aaherb^ • 
of buckthorn. X< 

ARE'NARY larenarius, X.] of oi 
longing to fand or gravel. 

ARENA'TION [with Fbyfcianj] i 
of dry bath, when che patient fiif 
h:s feet upon hot fand. 

ARENO'SB Zannojus, X] full of 
or gravel. 

ARENTATIH [Old Records'! K 
out, or let at a ctitain rent* 

ARE'OLA, a lirtle bed in a gvd 
fmall court-yard. X* 

of anp the air, and 
fure] an inflru- 
ment ufually made 
of fine thin glafs, 
which having haJ 
as much running 
quickfilver put in- 
to it, as will ferve 
to keep it upright, 
is fcaled up at che 
top : fo chat che 
ftem or neck be« 
ing divided into 
.degreesj thehea- 
I fiooft . 


ifiii « i%keDe6 of any fiqoor nty he 
U ^tterefleJf fiskiog more or Ids 

Jtoi, arf «^>©' a rown i fo called from 
defof Mri being fentenced there upon 
iEfttE^noo Nejftmie brought againft 
lb h kifliBf his iba] the fenate houfe 
af Jfaou, which ftjod on an hill near 

, AUOtniE [cJfi^Xa,6r.] a buiM- 
i|«k7«cttfaBnr<tfta]id a Hule coo chuk ; 
■fURkn &y, at a conveiient dtf^aive. 
^EBEMENT £0W l^w] atfrighc, 

ttntXlOGY fof df^t^ virtue, and 
>i)a, Gr. to dimife] thai part of mo- 
rifiiWbfhf that treata of virtue, i[s na- 
■t lad aieans of arriving at it. 

lid'AI homaii figores made up of 
,4iGnf raftca, which the veftal 
*^ i&iew away aanually into the 

OfiS'MA 1 f«f>a/M«,ofrf^ff,Gr. 

«CI1I0K r white! a little nicer of 
■ejtbite circle call«d hit, having In 
iu a (k pirc of the white, and alTo 
*»fei af dK bl«ck of the eye. 

ttCiwyNE £rf^/«V«, Gr.J an herb 
*'PW> good againft the argema; 
•■■«y,filvcr weed. 

□ttG6Vr lofdrggmiMm, L.] filver, F. 
ARGENT [in Ar^Afrt] is 
conuBonly white j all fuch 
feids beine fuppofed to be 
filver, and is or.e of the Me- 
tals, and charged with the 
colooTS, In engraving of ar- 
■■ffiiie fieU argent u reprefented by 
lJ[|'|«ae6 of the paper, wicbouc any 
"Poalti at all other coloara have, 
|«»(keBiigtn. ' 

jlgorlfhrtr, fignifiea [of Viriues 
yjFM gaaiifi^x] hamility, parity, 
yyt,fc1idty, tenperanceand truth ; 
2J7l^rf«tffi//w, beauty and gen- 
^ «t bahanonr j [of the planets'] 
r*»8jof the four eteraents] the 
Jm« precious ftooesj the pearl 
rWi r«f trees] the palm j [o» 
SJ.^ jfclpr dftuce; lok human 
2*3 ihephlegraaack j [of beatts] 
2^ •**ch it all white without 
29?} (of tlie pans of a man] 
of his ages] the old. 
T tUb fif^fiea in a M 
•Md, virginity; h\}udget\ 
<a die fkh^ huiailiry* 
A'nON, agilding, }^. with 

[with BMdR{/?i] the 
lorwUdrOUiief* X. 



AUGfiKTl^US [among th/e Itiwitti] 
the deity of Tlver coin. 

ARGENTO'SE [argentofust X-] full of 
fiber, white earth like challt. 
ARGE'NTUM, filver. £. 
ARGIILA'CHOUS [ argillaeeus, t.' 
*V>/XX^, Gr.] of or belonging to white 

ARGILIO'SB [argiMoJus^ L.] full of 
white clay. 

^ A'RGO, the narae of the (hip that car- 
ried yafitt and the Argonauts to Cokbos 
to £etch the golden fleece ; chey relate 
that this ftipwas placed among the flara 
by Minerva i that thts was the fiift fhip 
that ever was made s that ir was a ipeak* 
ing one, and was the 6rft that made the 
Tea pafjfable to mankind s and that it 
mieht be a manifeft fign to futnfe eene- 
rations, the image of it was placed 
among the flars, that mariners, * behold- 
ine it as they were failing, might be 
of ^ood cheer, and that irs glory might 
be immortal in being placed among the 

A'RGO NAVIS r^/Jraii.] thelhifAf- 
go, a fouthern conffellacion, confifting of 
24 ftars. 

To A'ROUE a priori [with tagiciansj 
is to prove effects by the caufes. i. 

To ARGUE a pofienori [with hogici* 
ans] is to prove caufes by their effeAs. Z« 
A'RGUMENT [with Taintersy^ ftcj 
perff)ns reprefeoted in a landskip, in conw 
cradift'n^on to the country or profpeft, 
A'ROUMENT, a kind ef fvlhbus ov 
abridgment of the fubjeft of a book. 

ARGUME'NTAL (argumentab\ I.J 
of or br) Miging ro argument. 

AROUMINTA'TION [iif/fft] the 
art of inventing or framing aigumeu's; 
of making indudions or drawing cocclu* 
fions. * 

mentariy L.] conviocingnefs by way of 

ARGUME'NTATIVELY [of 4fgwnen* 
turn* i.] by way of arguoienr. 

ARGUMENT(ySB latgumOitofutt I.] 
full of argument, reafon, matter orproof i 
pithy, full ef wit or skill. 

ARGUM£NTO'SUS[0/J^iV/i^x] in^ 

AKGUS, having a head full of 9ft% 
[BieroghpbicaUy] repiefemed this greac 
world, Mcaufe the eyes of our creator are 
every where, and of all things do, as ic 
were» cake notice, and are witoenes of. 
our behaviour. 
ARGUTA'TIGN, a provii^ by fu» 
ant, e dijputinp for and agaiiift, a fob* 
til point of teaioning. 

1% A1LS» 

Digitized by LjOOQ IC 

AKGYRVSPIDES fof *'^>«ie;* «*•'• 
Vif, Gr. a buckler] foldicis arm'd with 
filver bucklrrs. 

ARGYKOCO'MES fcfj^efxoA*©*, Or.] 
• comet of a filvcr colour, differing very 
little trom the filar comet, except that it 
if of a brighter colour, and fhines with £b 
great a luftre as to daule the eye$ of be- 

ARGYKI'TIS I^ii yveJiTtt, Gr-'] the 
fcum or toana which riles trom fiWer or 
lead, ihAc is mixed with (ilver in the re. 
fialnfi iuv are. 

ARGYROCO'ME [with Botamfts'} 
the herb cud-\weed. 

ARGYROLY'THOS [of*^>i;e^oir filver 
and \i^(^ a fkooe J talk, a lort oi mine- 
ral fione. 

ARGYROPE'A [oidfyti^tf andvotim, 
Gr« to make J rhe arc of m-tking filver. 

A'RIA Tbeopbr^i [w'nb Botaniftsj the 
Vild icrvice tiee uirn nfli leaves. X 

ARICL'NUM [Boiaitf2 the headed 

A'RIDNESS [ariditas, X.] drynefs. 

A'Kll S, a ram. X. 

ARIES [in jiflrmomsfi ^^^ ^^^ ^8" ^^ 
the zodiack whit h the lun e<.cei s in the be- 

fltnning oi March', it is defciibed on globes 
)y the figure oi a ram, and is a cunllelU- 
tion of Bineieen (Urs, and is commonly 
eJiprefs'd by this charaaer TT* 

The poe s feign that this ram canied 
|»l?ryzwi'an<i HeUe through th.- fea. That 
^as alfo given to them by their morher 
UefbM' It had a golden fleece as Iff^o/i 
Biw yheticydes v/^i.t. But when it car- 
aried them over that narrow fea, the ram 
threw her into the fea, and loft his horn. 
3ur WUe was faved by Nepiune, who on 
lier begat a Ton called P^nn, and Tbryxus 
cfcapine to the Eux'tne fea came to JEttes, 
to whom hr gave the golden fleece 
which he placed in the temple of Jupiter ^ 
that the memory of it might be prefeived. 
But h e afcended up among the ilarS| and 
V beheld bur obfcMrely. 

To ARI'ETATB [ arietatum, X.] to 
fnlh or b r like a ram. 

ARISTAXTHiE'A [with Botaaifis] the 
lierb ma rfh- mallows, or white-mallows, 

ARISTI'FEROUS larifttfer, I,} bear- 
log ears of corn. • 

ARlSTOCRATlCALNtSS [of arijio- 
Cratlque^ F. ariftocraticus, X. of a^^o- 
ae^TiKof, of cU^ft the bed, and kmlJQ' 
dominion, Gr Jche being ariftocraucalor 
(overned by the nobility. 
, ARISTOLOCHI'A [of ^e^r^ bcft, 
«nd . hiiiM*t Gr* hringtqg forth youogj 
the herb birth* worth or hart-worr. 
^^ISTOTEXIAN, «f or percjOniog to 


ARlSTOTEaiANISM, Ariaaj/s p 

iQfophy, or the dogma's and opbioni 
that philofopher, which are contai 
tn his four books De Cvlo, and his ei 
books of Tbyfic\. 

ARlSTOTE'tlANS, a fed of ph 
fophers following JrUiotle^ othen 
called Peripateticis. 

ARI'THMETICK [ars aritbmetka, 
of •g/d/4iT/a», Gr^l a ^ Icicnce wl 
teaches the art of ac.'ounting by numl 
and fliews all the powers and proper 
of numbers, Jjrc. 

Tbcorical ARITHMETICK, is the 
ence oi the properties, relations, ^ 
numbers considered abttradly with 
reafons and denominations ox the feV( 

Praaical ARITHIIETICK, is the ai 
computing ) that is, from certain numl 
given oi finding certain othen whole 
lation lo the former is known. 

Inftrumental ARITHMETICK, is I 
where the common rules are perforoMi 
the means of inflrumenis contrived for« 
and difparch, as IJapier'i Bones, ^c. 
Logar'nbmtical ARITHMETICK, 
that which is perforined by tables oi 

Numerous ARITHMETICK, is t 
which givesttre calculus of nuinbers, 
in determinate quantities, by the c 
mon numeral qumtiiies. 

Sfecious ARITHMETICK, is i 
whuh gives the C4jculus or quantities, 
ufing letieis of the alphabet inflead < 

Decadal ARITHMETICK, is i 
which is performed by a feries of 
charaders. To that the progrei£on U fi 
ten to ten. 

D>a/fic ARITHMETICK, is that wl 
ouly tw-> 6gures, i and o are ufed. 

Tetraaic ARITHMETIClL, is ■ 
wherein only the figures z, z, 3, 

Vulgar ARITHMETICK, is that wi 
is converfanc abour integers and fu 

Sexagefimal ARITHMETICK, is 
which proceeds by fixtiea, or chedoA 
of fexa'efimal fra&ions. 

Decimal ARITHMETICK, is the < 
trine ot decimal ftaft'ons. 

Political ARITHMETICK, if tht 
plying oi arichmecick to political fubl 
as the ftreogch and reveniief of v 
births, burials* tht number of ink 
tants, iffc. 

ARITHMETICK of fyj^Sf \ 
method olfufflm*i« up « fertef o^ouol 
coofiftiof of iBfioict tormh ^' ^ ^ 
th« ratio's thcioo^ ^ 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 



artHMOUANCr, « kind of Hn- 
■■•i or mecJiod ot tbreceJing foiure 
■tia by aeans ot numbers. 
iU [of^icai, L.; a part of a bowed 

• arwdfine or figure. 
^[fgiffdtiveif'i is ufed to figoily 

!'«', M ihe ftaUar arm. 
4M {vidi Gtrdimers} is oied tor 
m, ia faking of cucumbers, me- 

J^iUl[b tUMaH^e^i isfaid ofa 
l^vkcabe en^eavouis co detend him* 
K i|ii3ft (he bit, to prevenc obeying or 
«H dad'd by it. 

^ f with Giopapkeri'i ft branch of 
•■»« Hfer. 

^^ Rntrfiuoj inTerced arms, ts 
^ « ■»« touAd galley of creafon or 

iUUMFNTARY larmamewtarium, 
H !■ ifDoary or flore-houfe where 
g JBMare is kept, ft magauic, an 

^ A'IMARY [smaru, JL] a tower. 
A^I^IAN Aov, ft kind of pred 

• w, which nearly refembles the 
JJjijaj*', eicept that it is fofrer, and 
■"■nrt with ?eins of greeo inftead of 

JJJCKUN BoU, ft natiFe bole or 
■2 l!!*^' ^'^.°' Ammcd^ commonly 


JtMS'NIANS [fo called of Armenia, 
* cftwiy which they antiendy inhabi- 
JJW «t of two Teas 5 tbe one 
jj"*lj, who have an archbiAop i.. 
JJi tad tnocher in Poland ; the other 
*">>Maiiarled, aod hare two pa- 

JJ^NTAL [imnentaiis^ i.] of or 
■"y"! ro t drore or herd. 
^'NTINE Tanmntinus, 1.] be- 
■N to • kerd ofgreat cattle. 
•ailEVTO'SE [armentofiu, X.] ftiH 
■j^otUej abounding with herds or 

,^l^^^^ C'wt^ Bcua^jts] the herb 

Ji»CEt0U$ lanmger, L,] a bear- 
fit?' weapons. 

2»rU.A, a bracelet or lewd wore 
2^mQr wrift ; and alio a ring of 
"M^koop in a brace, in which the 
^?» o f t wheel move. 
l^^nUR [dnwfltfm, JL] of or like 

U.ART ^herif U when the 
^ *«^ kffisr circles of the iphere be-> 
i*ie of Ar^flf wood, fafi'board, fere. 
I^^gtther in cheir natural order, 
f PoN Id ft frftme, ib as to repre- 
l^me peficioaftDd motion of choAs 
*> let dM igv« foilowiog. 

. ARMI'IXATED [armiBatus, 1.1 
ing bracelets. 

ARMILirSTKlUM [araoig the Xtf- 
mans] a feaft wherein they facrificed 
armed at all points. 

ARMT'NIANS, thofe that embrscetho 
dofirines of James Jrmmius^ br. 

ARMl'POTfiNCE iamipotentid, JL^ 
puiiiance at arms. 

ARMlSAaii [among the Rmaml it 
fort of dancers in armour who danced ch« 
Pyrrbick dance, keeping time by ftriking 
cheir fwords and javelins againft their 
bock lets. 

ARMISCA'RE [OW BjKordsJ any fort 
ot puniOimenr. 

ARMI'SONOUS lanmfonus, 1.] fono^* 
ing or ruftliog with aims or armour. 

A'RMLbT, a little arm, as of the Cttm 

yc. ■ 

ATlMOMANCY [of drmj«,X. aftool- 
dcr, and /uatyTnet, Gr. divination] divi- 
nation by Aoulders of beafts. 

ARMO'NIACK 1 a fort of volatile 

AMMO'NIACKf fait, of which there 
are two forts, ancient and modem. 

Voiatile Sat ARMONIACK, ;i8 mad« 
by fubiiming it with fait of tarur. 

Ftmpers of Sal ARMONIACK,aremad» 
of it with lea fair decrepicated. 

ARMORA'CIA [among 5or4»«/li]cr#w. 
flower. JL, 

ARMORAHIA [Botaml horfe-ra- 
dift. 1. • . 

A'RMORIST [with HeraUs'] a perfon 
wellsktird in the knowledge of armorf 
or coats of arms. 

Coal A'RMOUR, there being at it were 
a kind of fympachy between the arms and 
the perfom to whom they belong, hm 
who ufes or bears the arms of any perfon, 
that do not of right belong to him, feems 
to ftffronc Che perfoD olcht bearer. 

Digitized by VjC ^-^. ^ 


lltMOK 1 fin Lam] nny thing that 

ARMOUR 1 t man either wears for his 
tiefence, or that he takes inco bit hand in 
his fury or rage to ftrike or throw ac aoo 

veie incorporaced in 
the beginning of the 
/eign ot Henry VI. the 
king himfeit being p'eaf- 
cd to be free of their 
company, their arms 
^ argent oa a chevron 

gules a^ gantlet between loHr fwords in 
ialtirc, on a chief /ahle a buckler argent , 
charged with a crofs, gUles httv/ixt two 
helmets of the 6rft. Their creft is a 
man demi-ttmedat all points, Curmount- 
ing a torce and helmet. Their motto, 
Miaie aU fiire. 

A'RMOURT, a branch of heraldry, 
being the knowledge of coat armour, as 
%o th^ir blaxons and various intendment. 

ARMS o/ Co«rr<)!y I thofe arms anci- 
. ARMS €f Faradw f encly ufed in jufls 
tnd tournameais, as fwords without e<Ue 
or -point, and fometimes wooden fwords, 
ind alfo canes ; lances not (hody fare. 
; faft. ef A^MS [aipong the ancient Co- 
palters] a kind of. cpmbat fo named. 

ARMS [in BerOdry] fo oamedt becaufe 
they are borne chiefly on the buckler, cui- 
rafs, banners, ^C. are ufe4 for marks of 
dignity and honour, being compofed regu- 
larly of certain figures and colours giyen 
or autbqrifed by Itivereign princes to be 
bonie in coats, ihields, banners, \^, for 
the tfUftindion of perfons, families ant 

CHARGED ARMS [in Heraldry^ are 
filch as retain their ancient integrity, 
with the addition of fome new honoura> 
Ue charge or bearing. 

Mre ARMS 1 t»n Heraldry'] 2re fuch 

FuU ARMS I as retain their primi- 
tive purity, integrity, and value, ' with> 
out any alteiations, diminucrous or abate- 

Vocal A^MS fin Heraldry'] fuch where- 
in the figures bear an alluiion to the name 
of the family. 

ARNC/DI [ofJtpf&' a lamb, and tUu 
m fong, Gr.J the fame with Rbapfodi. 

ARNO'GLOSSUM [«i^>s3.X-«-«», GrJ] 
the plant rams-tongue, or rib>wort* X. 

aRNO'LDISTS, a fefi fo called of ^r- 
wold oi Brefi^ who declaimed againft the 
great wealth and poiTeflions of the church, 
and preached Ogainil baptifm and the cu- 

A'ROCUM [With Eotamfts\ an arti- 
•hokc X. 

AKoIdATlCAjiu;, a'nutmeg. X. 



X.] fpicinels. 

, AROMAnriCUM :kofatum C in Aft 
cine] a compound, officinal powder mi 
of red rofcs, aloes, liquorice, fpikena 
ambergreafe, musk, and other ingre 
ents uied in cordial and ceplialick p 
fcriptions. X. 

AROMATI'TBS IdfmfjA^riT^c^ Gj 
Hippocras, or fweet wine brewM with f 
ces; alfo a fweec Rone fineUiog )i 
fpices. X. 

To AROMATI'ZB (armath», X-J 
fpice, to feafon with fpices, to pertuoie. 

A'RON [with Botanifij] the hi 
wake- robin. 

A'ROT and MA'ROT, two of Mai 
mct*i admonitory angels, whom the JId 
hometmt believe to be the diiTuaden 
men from murder, violence and exce 
But chefe two being invited to Ibpper I 
a young lady, drank wine to exceis, a 
would have proceeded to diihoneRy wi 
hers and therefore God forbad wine 
i^^ Mahometans ', but the lady refifti 
their amorous attempts was turned ie 
the mornins ilar. 

AROMATO^OLA [of Ift^fxa and a 
Xf«, Gr, to lellj a feller of fpices, 
grocer, a druf gilt. 

A'RON 1 [<»e;», Gr.] the herbwal 

A'RUM I robin, cuckoo-pintonan 

AROU'ND [of c and reitl;, Ikau] 
a round, round about. 

A'RPAGUS [in ancient Jnfcriptims} 
child that died in the cradle. 

ARQUEBU'SS a croc, a fort of fan 
fire. arm, which carries a ball of abo 
an ource and a half* 

Dcg's ARRACH 7 Rinkii^ arnch, 

Goat*s ARRACH J mother-wort. 

A'KRANDI a mefifage, as a fleev 

E'RRAND f iefs errand, i. e. a triflh 

ARRA'NGEMENT, the rangemest • 
dirpofition of the pans of the whole in 
a certain order. 

ARRA'NGESy ranges or arrangemeM 

To ARRA'Y a pannel (JLam phxtC 
is to rank, order, or fet forth a jary ea 
pjuneUed upon a caufe. 

To <ju4fh an ARRAY ^Lam phrafe] 
to fet afide the pannel of the jury. 

Commiffioners of ARRAY [of arrm 
tores, F.J certam officers whofe bufaii 
it is to take care of the arms of the ft 
dieiy, and to fee that they are duly • 

ARREA'RANCESl [of tfrn^ff, K I 

ARRE'ARS f hind] are the M 

maiudcri of any rcmi or mv^ VogVa^J 

Digitized by VjOOQ IC 


fck^; the remaiAden of a debt 

m^A&iGES [in Ltm] » the re- 
wAktii ta tccoanc oc a fum of 
WKf tt cfae hindi of tn accountant* 

miak*lilk[mArcbiteaure^ beams 

fifuttn^cl Itones in buildings, which 
oefi X apri^hc to bear the weight 
taf t£cn. I. 

OlFKOaE [io the praaick of&ol- 
ttfj%afies to lee iasds to aoyonetox 
i)tffif roc. 

My tie ARRBNTATIONS [ liiv 
hm] ii|sB6es lae relemng a power to 
|nK koeJcs to one who owns lands in a 
ml 10 klofe them with a low hedge 
*i* ^nle dtch, paying anaonual rent. 

'UFST [^^e, F. j a Eop or ftey. 

ttUST [ ia Lot ] a judgment, de- 
OKi or ail (JBDceoce ot a court. 

illE'STS [with Farriers^ mangey hu- 
■■D gfoQ lit fine^s of the hinder-iegs 
t^thoffebetireeB the ham and the pa- 

UlHi [ dffmC^^ Or. 1 an earneft, 
■"^fifeai parr, 

OIHABONARI'I [ef «»Caif , Gr» a 
"^J tfeft who held rhac .he eucharift 
*^ adtter the real fleOi and blood of 
<^>orfe; the fignof them, only the 
l*% « cinieft o» them. 
^iUHiPHORl'A Ckffn^^Ot.oi 
V^^fm^ of bearing mytterionfl tutnf s j 
•^kaoityn ho.iour of Ji^nerva, wftcn 
*fekSnob!e virgins not oniier feven 
^ikoK eieren years of age, epparel>ed 
■•iJM, and fe. forth with ornaments 
J|f**» bad a ball-court appropriated 
^j^ ofe in the Acropolis^ wherein 
■J»Wtaeaft«ue of Jfocrates on horfe* 
■*• hwjj the cuftom to cho^fts out 
Jj^jfetwo to weave a vail for MJmerva^ 
!"** Aey began on the Joth Day of 

^tarRE, behind, or the pofterioT 
^^oftBjrihiiig. TbtRear, 
UJIEREBAS [in tNe French Oifioms] 
•itteral prodamatio.^ whereby the 
SjBwna to the wars all that hold 
jj*; both his own vadals, i. e. the 
*3f,or noMlity , and their vaflals. 
jj^ER VaSal or 


jfteRE FEE a Fee dependent on 
■••ier inferior fee. 
^ttRCDHf^rwdov, JLjto gnaw 

' j£jOOANTNESS [ arrogmtia. L. 2 
2™^ fnde,pic(umpuoB| fcjikoa- 

V^al 'or Tenant, the ?af- 
t of another nSaX or te- 


ARROGAtlON a claimlqg to one% 
feU. L. 

ARRONDIF pn BerOdryl taa O^* 
arondie, i, e. rounded. Is a crofs, whoi* 
arms are composed of fedions of a cir- 
cle not oppofite to each other (6 as to 
make rhe arms bulge out thicker in ont 
pare than another, but both the ieftiona 
of each arm lying the fame ways, fo that 
(he arm is erery where o| an e^ual 
thicknefs, and all of them terminating ae 
the end of the ercuccheon, like the plaiii 
crofs. F. 

AKKO'SBD larro/us, L.'\ gnawed o^ 

AKRO'SIOI^» a gnawing. L. 
ARROW lHieroglypbicallj2 figntfi«« 
rpeed or difpatch. 

A'KROW-HBAD, a water-plant fo 
called, becauTe ihe leaves of it relembla 
the head of an arrow. . 

ARRORA [0/d Records} <toy« works oi 
ARSEPOOT, a kin* of waterfowl* 
ARSEVERSB [i e. overtere ^mmi for 
in the cii^ea of Tufca^, Arfi i» u&d 
for avertere ind verfe Agnfies ^nm, i.«. 
fire, or of arfiis oiardeo^ L. to burn] a 
fpell written upon an koufe to prcferve 
it from being burnt* 

Chymicat iVriters} O— O 
IS exprefs'd by ono ^^^ ^*-^ 
of thefe charaders. 

lelhw AncBMinr Iw of a yellow 
ifative ARSENICK ^ colour, chiefly 
found in copper mines in a f re of glebea 
or Rones ; it is found to contain a fmall 
portion of gold, but fo little, that ic 
will not quit the coR of feparaiingic; 
it is then e cal'ed Aitripigmentum* 

Red ARSENICK, tae native yeHow 

arfenick rubified by fire, called Itealgai^ 

fVbite AKSESICK., is drawn from the 

yellow by fubliminjg it with a proporcioo 

of iisa-falt, Cryfialline Arfenick, 

Catiftick Ore of A'RSENICK, is a bu- 
tyrous liquor prepared of arienick and cor* 
rofive fttbiinaate > it is like butter of an- 

ARSB'NICAL, of or pcrtatmng to ar« 

ARSE^NICAL Mi^aet [with Cbymifis^ 
IS a preparation of Bntimony with ful- 
phur and white arfenick, 

ARSENOGO'NON lap^Ayim, Or J 
an herb, which being fteep'd In wina 
and drank, is faid to procure the gee* 
tine of a nale-chMd. 

ARSBNOTHEaVS fof «f^av a male; 
and ^ihue a female] an hermaphrodite* 
a bealt which is both male and female* 
A'RSIS IJt^Tts of ti'ifct Or, to life up] 


Digitized by VjOOQ [ ^ 


tlift ralfiqg of the Toice in prontincit- 

AKSOf4 lo{ ardfre, JL to burnj hoofe- 

ART [of Artf 1. of «>it» virtue, Gr. 
er, as others fay, from ct^c profir J is va- 
rioufly defined. T^e fchoolmeii define it 
CO be ahabtc of the mind opeiacive or 
ciFediYe« according to r'ght reafon ; 
or a babic of the mind prefcribing rules 
for the prodn&ion of certain eflfeas. O- 
tbers de6ne it a proper difpofal of the 
things of nature by human thought and 
experience, fo as to make them anfwer 
the defigns and ufes of mai.kindj as that 
^hich is performed by the wit and in- 
duftry of man; alfo a coileftion of 
rules, inventions and experiments, which 
being oUervciJ, give foccefs to our on. 
dertaki(ig& in all manner of affairs i or ft 
is that to which belongs fuch things 
u mere reafon would not have at> 
ttiued 10. 

aRS notoria^ a way of acquiring fci- 
CDces (as is pretended) by inJiifion, with- 
out any other application than a^ little 
iaftlng and the performance of t tew ce- 

<S^. AiifdKCt ART, a foperftitious art, 
or (pretended) method of curing wounds 
by only touching the linnen wherewith 
thofe woimds had been covered. 

^Tfrm of ART, a word that has a 
meaning beyond its general or fcientifical 

Trmnfcendent ART. This is alfo calt'd 
ibc^fmond LuUfi art, an art by which a 
nan may difpute whole days on any 
copick in nature, without underftanding 
the leaft tittle of the thing in difpute. 
This art chiefly confifts in difpoftng the 
leveral forts of beings into divers fcales 
or climaxes^ to be run down in a de* 
fceuding progreflion. As let the fobje^l 
be what it will, he will fay, tc fs heing 
true, good, perfeB^ and t>.en it is either 
created or uncreated^ and fo on. 

Angelick ART» a method of coming to 
the knowledge of any thing defired by 
the means of angely fpirit, or rather a 

ASive ARTS, fuch as leave an ex- 
ternal effeii after their operation, as 
carvinf , graving, painting, Jjrc. 

Fa&rve ARTS, fuch as ^eave no ex- 
ternal tStSL behind them after their o- 
peration, as piping, fiddling, dancing. 

ARTERIA venoja lAnatomyJ the vein 
of the Lungs. L. 

ARTSRIACA medicameata Tin Thar 
Hidcy] medicines good againft difeafes 
of (be wind-pipes «nd which help the 
voice. £• 


ARTHA'MITA [with Botmilit]th» lie 
fow-bread. Z. 

ARTHfinriCA iBotanyl the cowfl 
or ox-lip, or primrofe, a flower, i. 

ARTHRE'MBOLUS [ofAcfl^? ajol 
sv in, and /6axX» to caft, Gr, J tiie r 
du£lion of a diflocaiion. 

Definitive ARTICLE [Grammar "J tl 
article (the) fo calieJ, as fix^'ng the fen 
of the woid it is put before to one I 
dividual thing. 

Indefinite ARTICLE iGrammarJ tl 
article (^) fo called becaiife h is appl 
ed to names, taken in their more gener 

ARTICLE [with Anatomfit 3 a Joi 
or jundure of two or more- bones of tl 

ARTICLE [with Arithmeticians'] fi 
n'fies 10, with all other whole numbc 
chat maybe divided exa&ly into so pan 
as 10, 30, 40, so, y^. 

ARTICLE of Faith [ Theoiogj'i fon 
point of Chriftjan do£lrine, vhich w 
are obliged to believe, 2s having be< 
revealed by God himfJf, ^c- 

ARTICLE of death, thelaft pangs c 
agony ot a dyi'^g perfon 

ARTI'COLATENESS, diftinftneft. 

ARTlCULUS, a Joint in the body t 
an animal ; a joint or knot in plants, 4 
vegetables, alfo a knuckle oi the ft 
gers. X. 

ARTI'CULUS, an irtide orconditja 
in a covenant, lffc» alfo a chief head in 
d'fcourfe. Z. 

ARTlCULUS [in OHCietA fTrit] aa ai 
tfcle or complaint prefeuted by way < 
libel in a fpiritual court 

ARTICULO'SB larticulofuM, 1-1 fo 
of joints. 

ARTIFI'CTAL dtn. See day. 

toricians] all thofe proofs or confiden 
rations that proceed from the geniu 
induftry or invention of the orator. 

ARTIFI'CIALNESS [tf^jicfi, F. art 
ficittm, Z.] arrfulnefs. 

ARTIXLERIHS. warlike engines. 

ARTI'LLBRY [artillerie, F.] the he 
vy equi^ge of war, comprehending a 
forrs of great fire-arms,' with what bi 
longs to them, as cannons, ruortars, ^ 
the fame that is called ordinance. 

Park of ARTILLERY [ in a COfip 
that place fet apart i'3r the arcillery < 
lirge (ire- arms. 

Train of ARTILLERY, a fer or mm 
ber of pieces of ordinance mounted c 
carriages with all their furnitarei fit f< 

ARTILLERY, is alfo nfed for whi 
is called Fn^ti^k^ia, 9t (htan of fin 
I wori 


tab, l^ith til the appnrtttiiiieei ol it. 

ATUUTURAL [of ars and natunh 

ktlS\9ior pcrcainiDg lo naciiie imi- 

TdA'trOATB [^amutam, L.] to di 
vfeif jscnrsa toqiMiter^ co difm^mber. 

OTOTTllITES [of A^'r^ breads and 
^B Gr. checfej a feft of berecicks of 
(k feoad ccmarj, who uTed bread and 
daslb k rlie eocharift. 

anxysi [ «^»o/«f, X.] ftroog made^ 
ved iiiond or limbed, 

ilTAL [ dTMtfii. X« ] beloagiog to 
N, itnd ihar U fowed. 

4tYAL BROTHSRS [among the of^ 
laau] II priefta^ who befides their 
<^ cf pertbrminf: facrificet » were ap- 
Jfmmi jotaes of lai^markk. 

aoufwich Afitammitrs] u c. a He. 
t^ihr, a conilelladoa (according co the 
.[9ff4tbtt is that by which the gods 
*«e vto-i Tiu^fcr went hii expedition 
^iA Xcsni, and gaioiog their poinr, 
1^ it aaois the ttars, in perpetual 
"■ea&ruLe oiit, alfo men are wont to 
^:kft in their drinking clubc, and to 
fHlBni foteom rices to it, who engage 
13 Monies, they touch it with iheir 
^Mt-hads and ima^e that to be a 
twiof renembfrnnce. It hat two fiars 
b de £re-hearth, cwo on the baiisy in 

d'iSOMfA^f.Gr ] rhebeib wake-robin. 

ttUSDlNA'CEOUS [ ormdivacetts^ 
V[ 01 or he'onging to ree^s. 

a cnvid or i>lare where reer's grow. 

UuNDIlNCySE [arwdinofiu^ LJ] full 
ef sr tkcimdn^ with reeda* 

AJUflPICE [ arufiMmm^ tA a footh- 
%ai| Or divinadon by injfpe&ion into 
dif cornttt of beaftf . 

UC'SPICES [of oris hifpiciendu^ i.d. 
>%ftiag the alrarsj foocbfayers who 
pttea iTcm the entrails of beafts, of- 
W m dcri&ce- and from the feveral 

of them diTined the will of 
iBi gndt. aad what miehe be hoped for s 
^ fc f LiA iiion wac firft invented by the 
iiMif } bat Romulus firft irfticuced 
•■^ o^ Anfpkes- 
Ja£L [with Borfimen'} a name or 
j^i i| give CO a horfe, that has a 
^■■■srk upon the fat-foot behind, 
■afo fuperftitiont as tofuicy, that 
^voidable fataUty fuch horfel are 
ite in bittlel, and therefore fome 
are fo biafllnl with prejudice, chat 
d» aoc care co nfe them, 
[is fnptr MMtei} at the beginniflg 
I that the name owes its original 
Stsm word iEy*c, to afli-cree, or 
' geoertlly any dm of »€«» W9 
4e«^ *€• 



^ A[sA Dukist the gom Benxom orBettS 

ASAPHI'A l*AtA<pU,ar.2 obfcnrlty, 

uncertainty. L 
ASATOi 1 [among the 7to-*r]foIdier4 
ASAPPfiSjTwho are expofed to ch« 

6rft fiiock oF the enemies, for this pur- 

Sofe, that being fatigned, and their fwords 
unced by them, the Spahi*stodyannizariek 
miy fall on, and gain the eafier conquefts | 
they aie made io little account 0^ thac 
chey are often made to fenre as bridgeSt 
for the cavalry to pafs over, in bad roads^ 
and for fafcines to fill up ditches } they 
are for the moft part natural Turks ^ 
and ierve wichouc pay» only for wh4c 
plunder they can get. 

ASAROTaM[*Vd^^irrd*,0r] afortol 
pavement in the dining-rooms of the Ro» 
mans^ madeolTmall tiles of feveral co- 
lours, fo artfully contrived and inlaid, that 
the room look'd as if it were fiVepc, but 
that the fcraps were left on the floor* 

ASAfiSTlNUM ['A<rCJf>iroy, of « priva^ 
live and ^fittftim^ Gr. to eiilnguiftj a 
fort of linnen or cloth made of a ftone, 
called Curifiku, fit to be fpun a^ wool of 
flax, of which the ancients made napkins 
which when they were toul^ chey caft into 
the fire, and chey became as white at 
they were before j but received no inju- 
ry by the fire, and little or no diminu- 
tion. When the kmans burnt the bodiei 
of their dead, to prelerve their aflies 
chey wrapt them in this fort of 
cloth ; which tranfmitied the fire co the bo« 
dies, and preferved the afhes by themfelves^ 

ASCALO'NIA [of Afcalon a city of F<|* 
t^iiw) a fcallion, a fort of onion* 

ASCAti'NCE.See AskaunCe. 

To ASCEND [afcendere, X.] td gdj' 
gee or climb up ( alfo co rife or fly up* 

The ASCE'NDANt [dJCendm, I.] ai 
t^gain the afcendant of a ferfcn^ is t6 
obtain a power over him, ^c, to havs 
an overruling or powerhil influence o- 
ver a perfoo. 

ASCENDANT 1m\ [ with denedU- 

ASCENDANT f gifts ] fignifiei 

fuch relations as have gone before us, or 
choie thac wete or are nearer the root 
of the family. 

ASCENDANT [in AtchiteBurf\ an of* 
namenc in mafonty and }ovners work, 
which bordelrs che chree fides of doors^ 
windows^ and chimil-ys Ic differs ac- 
cording CO the fevetal orders of -archie 
ceAilre. and CouGfts of three pares, the 
topy which is called the craverfc^ -and> 
the cvvo fides, which are called the af- 
cendancs. The fame as Cban^/trde. ^ 

ASCfi'NDiNC [with Aftrrnqmeri] fig- 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 


i^ifiet thofe ftari or degrees of tlie hea- 
vens, Jgrr. which are rifing tbovo the 
horieon in any parallel of the equator. 

ASCENDING latitude lAftr<mony^ 
the lacicude of a planec when goiDg to- 
Avards the poles. 

ASCENDING tMe lAPronomjf'] is that 
point of a planec*s orbit wherein ii pafles 
tlie ecliptidk to proceed to the northward. 

AS ..ENDING ii^iw lAftnlcgyJ are 
thofe figns which are upon the alcent 
or rife, irom the nadir to the xenith. 

ASCENDING [by Aiuttmfls} a term 
apply*d to fuch veueJs as carry the blood 
upwards, or irom the lower co the 
higher parts of the body. 

ASCE'NSION, rifing, going, or get- 
ting vp. 1, 

ASCENSO'RIUM, thofe fteps by which 
m perfon afcends* 

^ ASCENT tf fluids [with Tbitofophers] 
2S their rifing above their own level be- 
tween the iur^Rces of nearly contiguous 
bodies, or in (lender capillary glafa tubes, 

ASCETICS ['Ao-aiTftJ ,Gr] perfons who 
In the primitive times devoted ihemfelves 
to the exercifes of piety and virtue, in a 
retir'd lite, and efpeciaUy co prayer and 

ASCHSTB'RIUM [of «>*i«, Gr.'] a 

ASCHYNO'MENE [of AiVvbVo/urti, Qr. 
to be afhamedj a planior heib that takes 
its name from blufliing s ^ becaufe when 
any perfon comes near it, it gathers in. 

ASCl'TiE. See Afcodrigilet* 

ASCLE'PIAS [wichfar^^^jrwallow- 
wort, or filken Cicely. 

ASCLEPIA'DEAN r<?ry«, a fort of verfe 
either Greek or LaUny that confifts of 
4 feet, a fpondee a choriambus, and % 
da&yls, «s Horat. Lib. i Od. z« 
Micams atavis edite regilms. 

ASCO'LIA l'A(rK«\i«, Gr*] feftivals 
which the jttick peafants celebrated to 
Bacchus 9 in which they facrificed a buck 
as the deftroycr of their vines, iffc* they 
made a bottle of the vi^Hm's skiu, and 
filling it with oil and wine, endeavour- 
ed to leapupoh it with one foot, and 
lie that firft Bxed himfeU upon it, had 
the bortle for his reward. £. 

ASCODROU'TES, a feft in the lecond 
century, who rejcfted the ufe of all Sa- 
craments, on this notion, that incorpo- 
real things cannot be communicated by 
;^ifible and corporeal things. 

ASCY'RON [Botary'] the hcih Streters- 

ASH [Acp, Sax* aHlie, Dan*] a tree 
well known. 

ASH fin proper nsmes^ at the begin- 


nlop generally denotes that the name w 
derived from the aOi-iree, 4fhlyy J^ 
ton, dec. See As» 

To ASHA'ME [of /camlan, %ax^ i 
put to fliame, lo caufe to be afhame 

ASHES [ of axan Sdx, ] the term 
or earthy part of wood or other combi 
cible bodies, remaining after they 
arebwnt; in chvmiaU writers wMj 
they are exprefs d by this cha- '^1^ 

A'SHLERING [with Bmiders^ » 
name given to quartering, to tack co i 
garrets, in height above a and a half or 
toot perpendicular to the floor, up to cl 
iofide of rafters. 

A'sHTAROTH [nnni&y ««*• < 

as the feptuagint Ar<6rii,or, as theP^ 
niciaas called her, 4firoarche ] was tl 
the chief goddefs oi the Sidomansi Ton 
take Luna [the moon] co be meant» at 
fome Venus. 

That luaa is meant is probable, becatil 
the Pagans talked of the fun and met 
as husDaod and wife, and in JetemiA 
ibe is caled the queen of heaven. 

Vhilo Bihlius relates, that xhii 4fhtt 
roth having taken upon her the fbaj 
of a bull, travelled all over the worL 
and ijpon her return landed at IJrre i 
Pbxttkia, and there confecrated a fte: 
that (he found in her way, that ha 
fallen from the sky to the earth j choug 
fome fay (he was worAipped in the fliap 
of an ewe. The manner of worfliippio 
her was after the manner of that < 
Ve^s^ by committing tbmira.ion in he 
temple. It ihould feem that the Beattet 
thought, as fhc had a vifibte influenc 
in ttie generation of children, and upo 
the humours and affeftions of women, t 
they ought in her adoration to perfon 
thole aaioDs^ unco which the incite 

ASHWEBD, an herb. 

A'siMA [sO^ttJKt *^-] « ^«ty c 

fome oi the ancient eaftern people, whi 
was woribipped, as fome fay, under the i 
mage of an ape, or, as others fay, c 
a goit or a ram. They were wont c 
wor/hip the lign in the Zodiack calfc 
Aries, a^d on this aocount the Egypliask 
abhorred the other nations, who kiile 
thofe creatures that they adored. 

A'SINARY l4fiHarius» Z.] of or beloiq 
ing to an afs. 

ASK [ of the Saxoa Myc ] at fom 
writers Uy, was the name of the fid 
man, and thence fignifies matikind, a 
JEfcwtne fignifies a friend to man* Kfcmi 
a couragious man, or , a leader lo a! 

ASlNfiSlA^ Stt Mwfi^ 

Digitized by VnOOQlC 



lAflCAUlfri /. e. CO look 
^ASKAUVSEf fideways. 
ASIUTOGRAPHT (oi ^fito, a fon^, 
*^ }9i*t Gr, lo wricel the oompofici- 

ifUOOJEUS, an evil fpif u meetioo- 
(iiicke tpocTphal wricingSy a friend 

*^i Gr.l iacorporeai or without a bodv. 

ASOTIA [dirariA, Gr.] riocoufneis, 
■Pjnitt, prod^ality. i. 

iV,cteaJpeBijee, a kind of white 
niv, tbe letves of which are fmall, 
M dvtyi DemUt. 

i»A'UTHO$ f Che wood Ota prick- 
jwe, Jwfjr, oleaginous, fomewhac 
"■^Hdbiaer to the cafte, of aftrong 


igJlAGOS ^|p^/?m [Boltfiiy] wild 

JWKT f^^eOitf, X.] looks, the air 

TolffE'CT lafpeaare, X.] to look 
tpa aaeftiy or otten, to look cowards, 

*5? f'^** 4froligeri] i« when 
2J**«»»« joined with or behold each 
y i orwhepihey are placed ac fuch a 
2*»«i tbeaodiack, that th«y (as it is 
■"* "■■ilf help or •ffliaoneanofher, 
*w *^ wrtuea or influeoces in 
*^ wdiminiibed. 

*Wr[with 4firmomrs'i fiBniBcs 
vksacioB of the ftars or planers m re- 
T*»«ichocherj or certain configure - 
**«Bi9iml relations between the 
JS^viiingfroBi their ficuation in the 

^^ ASPECTS r 4^roi. ] are when 
gm vt (fiftanr juft fuch a number of 
•55 « 3% 36, 45, hfc. 
J*2/SP^CTS IJjhoL] are when 
JJ|^** *^ not J«|ard each other from 
"*7?y^rces; hue cbe one exceeds 
•■??« ihe other warns. 

UnJ* ^^^<* «P<»« 
^I'MRATB CVl^4«iiifi, 1.] to 

J5«lfbxiOUS lafperifoiiust i- ] 
"^u^sb leaves. 

^fl^IFO'LlOUSNBSS f/olioriai ^yje- 
"7' y romhaefs of leaves. 

*^£AA A11T£'RIA [with Anaio 
J"JfhBnHigh artery, tne wind-pipe, 
\^fnm, which confifts offeveral 
^lodpantl tbe ofioe of which is to 
Jvuthe breath* to form and confey 
••owe. t. 


roQghaeii ofthefurface of anynanralbol^ 
dy i fo chat fume parts of ic ftick out fo 
£ir above the reft, as co hinder the fin- 
eer or hand from paiHng over ic eafily and 

ASPERNA'TION, a defpifing. ^c. X. 

ASP£'RULA [with Botanifls} cheheib 
Wood-row or Wood-roof, Liver-worc^ 
or Sure. X. 

ASPHA'LITES [oi a and tt^KKm^ Or. 
1 fupplant] the fatih Ker/e^rtf of the loins* 

ASPHA'LTOS [dT^xrtc, Gr.) afore 
of bitumen or pitch gathered off tbe lake 
AJpbalUtesj a lake in Judea of fo peflilen- 
cial a quality, that the vapours thacrife 
out of ic kill any birds chac fly over ic. 
This lake is 580 furlonfs long, and J 50 
broad, and the river Jordan falls inco it. 
It is furrounded by hills, and is the place 
where Sodom and Gomorrba are faid to 
have been fituared. 

ASPHA'LTUM, a fort of bituminous 
ft one found near the andenc Babylon^ 
which, mixed with orher matters, makes 
an excellent cement, impenetrable by wa» 
ter, and incorruptible by air, fuppoted co 
be chac celebrated mortar of which the 
walls of Babylon were built. 

ALPHO'DELUS [with Botanifls] tbe^ 
flower called Daffodil, or vulgarly. Daf- 
fy down diiiy. X. 

OilofASVlC [of /picrf, X. an ear of 
corn] IS an inflammable oil drawn from « 
planr refembling Lavender. 

ASPILA'TPS r*Va-/X« raf, Gr.] a pre- 
cious ftooe of a (liver colour, good againft 

A'SPIS [JcttU, Or,2 an afpic or afpt, « 
moft venomous ferpenc, whofe eyes are 
not in che forehead, but in the temples ; 
one kind of ihem kills by chiift > another 
by fleep i and a third by bleeding 3 che 
parties bitten by them dying either of 
hirit, fleeping or bleeding. X. 

ASPLE'NION [«>5r\jiiri©r, Gr."] the 
herb Ceterach, Milwafte or Spleen-worr. 

ASPLENE'LLA [B^tanfl the horb 
Great Shnve-gtafs or Horfe tail JL 

ASPS [HieroglypbkalJy] were uTed as an 
emblem of facrednefss and accordti^ly 
che kings of Egypt had them on their 
crowns to intimate the facrednefs of their 
perfons s that none mighc preliime or at- 
cempt to difbonour^ or injure .them, ex* 
pe6Hng a fignal punifhmenc j as tho' the/ 
(ignified that be that rofe up againft his 
prince, did encounter with a ferpenc, and 
was like to meet with nochii^ put deadT 
ly and venomous repulfes. 

ASS f 4fin«i» X. ajfaJ, Sa%.^ a beaft of 
burden well known. 

An ASS llSertglypbicaffy'] was ulhd hf 
cl^ H9^9l>CI to repr«lip]U « ftujid and ig- 


A S 

iiorsot fellow» aa taemy to piety tnd re- 

A'SStS Head tnd ASSES Ears, on « 
liuman body repreftnted an igooraiK fellow, 
vrho was unacquainted wich the world. 
for the Egyptians were wooc to put the 
reads of aiumals on human bodies, to ex - 
prefs the inclinations and difpofitions of 
thofeperfons who were like tbofe beafts. 

ASS.H£RD,a keeper or feeder of afies ; 
lllfo a coinpan)r of afTes. 

A'SSA Dulcis* gum bemoto. 

ASSAPA'NICK, a little creature in 
dmerica, a fort of flying fquirrel. 

A'SSART l^ftrtum, iJ] a tree pulled 
«P by the roors. 

To ASSART [of ajfartif, F. to make 
plain, which Spelman derives ofexertum, 
f.J to pluck up by the roots. 

ASSART, a parcel ok land alTarted. 

ASSART .RffiTi. rent paid to the crown 
for lands aOarted. 

To ASSART, to grub op trees, buOiesj 

ASSASIA'RE [ancient Deeds'] to take 
tflenbisor fellow-judges. 
^ ASSA'TION fin pbarmacy] the prepa- 
i^ing or dreiUng of medicaments in their 
own juices, without the addition of any 
foreign moifture. 

An ASSA'SSINATHf -. - ,,^, 

An ASSA'SSIN f "* *l""^«t®'« 

ASSASSINA'TOR [ <3lM*»^« K ] an 

>iSSASSIfNIANS, a petty government 
or body of Mahometan thieves, or mi lit a- 
ryknighrs, who call'd their king the ^ 
cient of the Miftmtainst who taught their 
youth to ajfaffinate whom tbej^ command 
^di they had fix cities in their poiTeflion, 
and were about 40000 in number, and in. 
liabited Antaradm in ^ia. At the com- 
mand of (heir chief matter they would re- 
fuff no pain or peril, but ftab any prince 
lie commaoded them. They were fubdu- 
ed and their king put to death by the 
CbamofTartatyj An. iz^. Hence tbofe 
,ihac are ready- to execute bloody defigns 
^it called jmUns. 

A'SSATUlCfi l^iaura^ JL] a rotft, or 
iroafted meat. 

Tog9 ASSAU'LT, to grow proud as 
iMtches do. 

lASSBCURA'RB iCHd Jtororif j] to make 
focure by pledges or any folemn interpo- 
£tion of faith. 

ASSB'MnACB, an uniting or Joinii^ 
pf things together, or the th^ K» nni- 
fed or joined. F. 

4^B'MBLB^ [in Uer4drj] a dufcail 
«r more to hold the two parts of the 
cfcuicheon together, where the partitien 
Vnf II beiqg coumer*cl^aPfpd, igm^ of 


the metal and fome of the colour of t 
efcutcheon. F- 

ASSB'MBLY l^MUe, F.]aconcott 
or meeting together o( people. 

VnUmful ASSEMBLY [in a lamSenJ^ 
is the meeting together of three or mo 
perfons for the committing of an unlai 
ful aa, altho* they do not effed ir. 

ASSEMBLY [with Military Men] it 
particular beat of the drum or found 
the trumpet, and is an order for the fold 
ers to repair to their colours. 

ASSEMBLY [with the Beau memde'] 
ftated and general meeting of periona 
both fexes, for converfation, gamin 
gallantry, (yc. 

MualASSnvT, Is a judgment when 
by the mind perceives a thing to be true 

Habitual ASSENT, confifts of certa 
habiu induced in the mind by repeat! 

ASSENTATOR, a flatterer, i. 

ASSBNTA'TORY l/f/entatoriust X]b( 
longing to a flatterer or fliitery. 

ASSBNTA'TRIX, a woman flattei 
er. X. 

ASSERTIVE [of ^w, £.] aflfirmi 

ASSE'RTION [ with &hokffiic\s^ 
propoiition which is advanced, which il 
advancer avows to be true, and is read 
to maintain in publick. 

To ASSE'RVB [^ervire^ i-] to fer» 

ASSE'SSTON, a fitting down, at or b] 
or together, an aflifting, 

ASSE'SSOK [rfj^Jj&inr, F.] ono who 6i 
by and aflifts another in office and auihori 
ty i a judge lateral or afliftant i alfo oo 
who makes the afleiTmenc or race for th 
payment of puUick taxes ; alfo an office 
in the presbyterian afTemblies. X- 

ASSE'SSORY laffeff^riusy XO belong 
iog to afliflance; htting at or by. 

ASSE'SSURE [aHeftra, L.] aflttingby 
or being conrinua Uy at. 

Heal A'SSKtS [in La»} «re where i 
man dies poflTefs'd of lands m fee Ample. 

Perfonal ASSETS [in Idw] are wber< 
a man dies poflefs'd of any perfonal eftate 

ASSETS per Pejceni [in X<nr ] up 
where a man enters into bonds, and die 
feized of lands in fee iimple, which de. 
fcend to his heirs, and are therefon 
chargeable as affets in his hands. 

ASSETS entre mams [in l4v] it wheo 
a man dies indebted, leaving to his exe< 
cutora fuffident wherewith to diichargi 
his debts and legacies. F. 

To ASSB'VBRATBl [affeviratum, X* 

ASSB'TER I to avoach, to all 

firm boldly, to a?ow^ to aiTore. 

Digitized by VjOOQ IC 

A S 

iSSDEANS fm iUk •mong the Jtws 
im^i bco CZJ^On «•»« merdiuU ud 
SS%rVL S3L cte juft] the fathers 
m JMBoeflbrs of ^ Pbarifies ftnd £/ 
ibs ikry preferred their tr«dictooi be- 
i«e tie m ^iu ea word, end let ap for « 
Ux7 od ^tc7 cli«t exceeded the 
^- i>^ « Ui iell into the error of the 
s» in deajiBg the reforredion, 
wmA fiMJIhrncptt efber this life. 

UODE'RE'I roitf Xrjorii] to tax 

To ASStt ^GH [^^g^» f'l to baffle. 

^SSUTHTO, e ooiure^ between the 
'^ofGrMtBriCeH end Ami's, for far- 
■dib^tfae ^MT^ fTM MifJ with ne 

T* AiSiKiH Ae Ogor [I^vphrafe] to 
*»ID« chB^Uindirbaa ceflSsdor given 

T) ASSIGM irs^ [Lev phrafel ii to 
fcei^iiillj wlieiein die wafte it com 

AKrCNABLB [of d§iffur, F.] .that 


ASSl'MOATENESS [of 40tei//i» 1.] 

ASSIMLATION, an aS whereby 
<^Kfi «e reoser'd fimtiar or like to one 

ASSMILAnnON £in Pbfh/obhy] a 
^n f ■otioa by whicn fome bodies are 
^^■fed isco other bodies, aptly difpofed 
^ a aazare like or homogeneous to 
^«y awEi t^ operation of nature, by 
^^Kh dh« nacritioiM joice is rendered like 
^,fc* iiace of cktt aoimal body* into 
^'■■i i: IS to be changed and united i 
i^ matadyn of the chyte into blood. 

ASSmaLA'RE l(Hd kicords} to put 

ASflSAcerf^iiiTertfAm [JLnr pbrafel 
fvhctecke rbiqg that is in controTerfy 
>» ^ d u A fful * chat it muft of necefCcy be 

MSUSAdetMm [in Lam] lies for a 
pna ^piail a Uyman, or t contra^ for 
^eb or leneniencs, doubctnl whether 
"ary be in lay fee or tree alms. 

ASSBA CM^ h iMoifM .^fV'^ [Iin» 
fkafcj ii wt>«n the defendant pleads to 
oarfoK withoot taking any exception* 
*e c^er the court, declaration^ or 

A&Si'soX* the &me «a 4g(](|^. 

ASSI^ATA [with Ig^icitfRiJ trgu- 
^^ or aderciona impol&ble to lie true ; 
^n%j3dt an infant of adultery ; to fav 
*^'«beUsfaispface, and yet that he is 

VnTOS Xi^i [of Alius a town of 

evhRe they were digged] a fort of 
«hert»i(li coffins wt if made by 

A S 

the ancients that wafted the dead b*)^* 

ASSI'ZEl a writ dice£bd to the fhff- 

ASSISE I riff for the recovery ofpof^ 
feffion of things immoveable, or whicli 
yo(<rfelf or anceftors have been difleifed* 

ASSIZE |;of Bready Ale, ^c] a (la- 
tote or ordinance relating to the price, 
weight, meafure or order of feveral com- 
modiciess alfo the meafure or quantity 
icfelr } thus it is faid, when wheat, ^^ 
is of inch a price, the bread ihall be of 
fuch aflize. 

ASSIZE [in Law] a fonrfold writ fof 
the recovenng of lands, tcnemenrs, Jjrc. 
of which one has been dirpofTefTed ; aifo 
the jury fummoned upon futh writs. 

To ASSIZE [ of i^e, F, J to adjuft 
weights and meafures. 

lUSIZES were originally vXti for ex^- 
traordinary fittings of fuperior judges fa 
the fnfisrior courts depending on their ju* 
rii<iidion, to enquire whether the Tubal* 
tern yiigiti and oScers did their daty. 

Special ASSIZE, a particular commiT- 
fion granted to fever tl per^ns, to take 
cognizance of fonne-one or two cafes, as « 
di0eizin or the litco. 

Cierlofthe ASSIZE, an officer of the 
court who fets down all things judiciarily 
done by thejufticesot aflize in their cir- 

^ ASSCycIABLEf [ of 46ciaTe, i. j fo- 

ASSO'CIABLENESS, focialnels, fitnefs 
or^agreableoefs tor company or coover- 

ASSOCIA'TION of Ideas iFbilofopby'} 
is where two or more ideis conftaiuly 
and immediately fucceed one another in 
the mind, fo th u one Ihall almoft inulli- 
bly produce the other ; whether there be 
any natural rel 'tion between them or nor. 

A'SSONANCF, an ecchoing. 

ASSONANCE [in Rbetorick and Paetry'J 
U ufed where the words of a phrafe or 
verfc have the f^me found or tcrminaiion, 
and vet make no proner rhyme. 

A'SSONANT Informs, Z.J agreeing 
in found. 

ASSONANT Pibymes f Poetry"] a Jcin4 
of verfes common to the Spaniards, where 
ch« refemblance of found ferves inftead of 
natural rhymes. 

ASSU'MPTION fwith Roman Catbo- 
lids] a feftival observed by them in ho- 
nour of the Virgin Mary's being taken up 
into heaven. 


ASSUMPTIVE Arms [with Heralds] 
are fuch as a man h«th a right to ail'ume 
to himfelf by virtue of fome a£lion ; as if 
a man, who is no gentleman by blood, 
and has no coa^ ok arms, (ball in war 
^ take 

Digitized by VjOOQ[^* 


ttke t lord, ^* prisoner, he is entitled 
YO betr the Ihield of fuch pri/oner, and 
go enjof it te Mm and his heirs. 

ASSURANCB, the fame as JnfurMnce. 

Foluy 0/ ASSURANCE, is a concraft 
whereby ooe or more perfons oblige 
themfelves to make good any damages 
chat goods* t houle, fhip, ^. may m- 
Clin by fire or the fea» pirates, ^ffc. 

ASSU'RER, e perfon who aflurcs. 

AST ATI [of « privac. and 'irn/un, Gr- 
to ftand firm, q. d. unftable] a fed of 
btreticks in the 9th century, who recei- 
ved the herefy o» the Manicbees. 

A'STBR [Botmaf] the herb Siar-wort, 
Share-wore or Cod-wort. JL 

ASTERA'MIUM iBctavf'^ the herb 
Hafterwort or Pellitory ot Spain. X* 

ASTERl'AS [Arie/«Ci Gt.'\ « precious 
ftone that flunes like a ftar. 
I ASTE'RICUM iBotaiy] the herb Pel- 
litory of the wall. 

ASTE'RION ['AWe^ty, Ot.I th« heib 

A'STBRISM rAne^r/A^^ oUrkf t ftar 
Or.] a confkelUtion or clufter ot fixed 
fiars, which on globes is commonly le- 

8refented by fome particular figure of a 
▼ing creature, )«c. in order to the more 
«afil7 diftinguiihing of their place$» as 
Jtries the ram» Taurus the bull, and the 
reft of the figns ot the lodiack ; as alfo 
Vrfa M4of and Vtfa Miaor, the two 

ASTETIITES ['Arie*'"*, GrJ apre- 
cfoos ftone, a kind of oval, which fpar- 
kles with beams like a ftar. 

To ASTl'PUlATE laftipulatum^ I.] 
to afTem, to agree to, 10 accord. 
' ASTHMA^^ICAL [«9-e/u^*ri»if, Gr,^ 
pertaining to or troubled with an aftb- 
ma I purfy. 

forprizing nature or quality. 

ASTRJE'A, the daughter of Jove and 
Tbemis, the goddeis of juftice, who came 
from heaven to dwell upon the earth i 
but the impieties and injuftice of that 
age forced ner to return to beaven, and 
become the Ggn Virgo (or, as others will 
have it, Ijtra) (o juftice fled to l:eaven. 
This goddefs was painted b/ the ancients 
in a crimfon mantle, trimmed with filver, 
a pair of fcales in one hand, and a fword 
in the other. 

A'STRAGAL [with ArcbiteQs'i a mero* 
ber or round moulding like a ring or 
bracelet } fervinc as an ornament ou the 
tops and at the oottoms of columns, or 
a ring that incircles the bafcs, cornices 
or architraves of pillars, accorditig to the 
fcvcral orders j the French c«U it 7^/an, 
flud the JiM'ms Jbndiwo. 


A'STRAGALX'Ar»V^^> <»i'-3 t 
Ajhagal is alfo ufed to feparata the^ 
cu ot the architrave \ in which caie ti 
wrought in chaplets or beads and berri 
It is alfo ufed both above and below t 
lifts, adjoining immediately to cb« iqw 
or dje of the pedeftaL 

ASTRA'GALUS iBotaiy'i peafe-ean 

peas or heath-peas. 

A'STRAL T^ar. See Solar ye^tr. 
ASTRA'PIAS r«V^r«c, Gr J apt 
ctous (loi.e, whole luitre refemblas flaid 

of Ushtening, 

ASTRA'RIUS b^u to(gffre the beai 
of a chimney] is where the anceftor 
conveyance hath fat his heir apparent 1 
his family in a houfe in Us life-tu 
Old Records, 

^ ASTRrcTORY l4firiaarms,1^2 bl 
ing, apt fo bind* 

ASTRi'DB > fof yt;n«be, Sa 

ASTRA'DDLEf aftraddle, Orzddiii 
one leg on one fide of a horfe> ^c. 1 
the other on the other. 

ASTRl'GEROUS[4^;^er,X.j bead 
or carrying ftars. 

ASTRI'HGINGNESS lof nfiro^ens^] 

ASTRO'BOLAS, a precious ftone 
fembliiiE the eye of a tifli, taken by foi 
to be the 4/ieriaj, 
^ ASTROl'TES iAre^ltte, Gr.J a p 
cioiis ftone, a kind ot tecoUie i alfo 1 
ftir-ftone, fo named becaufe It is fet 
wirh little blacki'^ ftars on all fides. 

ASTROLO'GE iBQtany} the herb Sii 
wort or Hartwoit, 

t^ural ASTRO'LOGYi h the art 
predi^ling natuial effedis from rhe fttn 
heivealy bodies, as vcatber^ winds Jion 
jloods^ earthquakes ^ thunder ^ <^. 


ASTRO'NOMY ['Are^WAci*, Gr.'} 
fcience which treats conceiiiiog the hi 
veoly bodies or ftars ; fbewing the mi 
ni!udes, orier, and diftances of tbei 
meafuring and fliewtng their niotions, 
tin)e and quantities of eclipfes, }ffCn 
a more extended fcnfe it is underftood 
fignity Or comprehend the do^rioe of 
fyftem of the world, or theory of 
uuiverfe and primary hws of nature \ 
this feems rather a branch of Fk^ 
than of the Matbimaticis. 

ASTRONOMY, the ancients ufed 
paint Aftronomy like a goddeft wid 
Hiver crefcent on her forehead, cloat 
in an aiure mantle, and a watchet4b 
fpangled with golden ftars. 

ot tfironomcuj^L* of iir^rtf^i*^ ot <tg 

Digitized by VjOOQ [ ^ 


ttlll^ ttekw orniIs> Gr.] I^ tf- 

tmom lufinfiu, 1» bora aider an 

iSnO^THECyLOGT, t derawtftrtti- 

■ if (k beifif ind viriboccs of God 
^ ik coofidersnOD of che hczvcnlj 

AtTKUlf [of ighv, f . «• the bearth 

•fidtanef] in OidltfC«rd^ was ofed 

: ^ li boofe, haUtatloo or place of a« 

! ^ 

' ismco, la aabiiiig nag, a Spanifb 

.»fmi$ f«nrX}f,GrJ a kind of let- 
ta Aic nftniBi Tenerj. 
AnTNDU [of t jun^D Jian^ ^ke.] in 

JSTKIOIOS [i^>^X», 6r J one 
^ ipci ftoc-6«e wuhoDc paying his 

iBTHPTOTB I'kw^gMtlmt of« 
1^ «»» ad vTU, Or. CO 6U or coia- 
*>*] f 1 ihsc do not Call together \ they 
•e files vhich contiiiially draw near to 
Jjojter 5 bot if they were continued 
y*y»^Ottid never meet. There are 
**tn{ fern of ibeie, as the corres of the 
^^ or dfad are the afymptotesin 

W»WTICAL [in JlteAMtficli] 
fJlH '® " afynipiote. 

•nTATON [«»*'r*'rw,Gr,] repug- 
*5 eoatradiftoiy, )grr. 
^STATON [with Logkims] a tji- 
■t^hcodillcot ftory, that doei not bang 
"^io, bnc concradids itfelf. 

Al^tBtl^proDer name of places has 
^^%niiica:ton asia^fwd with cbel^ 
S 2 A-ttif, fiich a place near or on a 
■S ifriotd, near or in a wood, and fir. 
■>« olpeifooiare freqaently taken from 

WUA'XY f '■ani ^a, Cf. or- 
^ » S ttical term ofed to fignify chat 
y^ ^"^ tranquil liry, and that firni- 
J'f.Wgaear, which fcis us free from 
2J^*« or emotions of mind* pro- 
rNbafeU-opimon, and that know- 
T^fflttgine our felvcs polTefsM of. 
. JtorvEMENT \BeTdlifj] which 
2^^ ctlled hacchmeni, is the coat 
2**"nob'ooian, gentleman, Jftf. 
rrirttl'ed with fopporiers, helmet, 
P**< oeft, with mantles arui hoods. 
"iif hung out on the rronis of 
iftet the death of noble per<- 

.^-- [atecbtua, L. o( ctn^fit, 
I V^ioca, unskiifatnefs, inartihcial- 

^ [of MlBOiii StXn f Aug or 

A T 

throw] a weapM, a fort of binUtff ; 

ATERA'MNA fef a prirau aod^f^^ 
i^J a kind of pulfe that reqaires muc^ 

AT£RA'MNBS, a weed io fat groomL 
that grows among betns and kills them. 

AT GAIB [of 'gsfCMn^ Stx. to look 
upon] agaaing, ftarlogat er lookiiwetr* 
neftly. ^ 

ATHANASI'A [d^afArUt of «prtrtr. 
and -S^cffrAT^, Gr. death] immonalitr. 

ATHA'NATI [d^dra'ti^Gr.} immor- 
fa!] a body of PerfiM caTalry, coofifti]^ 
of loooo men, always coofieat, becanlS 
when any one of chem died» aooiher wtf 
immediately put in his plaoK. 

ATHA'NATOS Id^m^, Or.} cht 
herb Rofe-campioo. , 

™ n JH' ^^* ^ <'^^* others derive 
it from A'd^retTM, Gr. immortal] becaulii 
of its durable fire; a Isrge digening for* 
nace, built with a tower, and fo con* 
triy^ as to keep a conftant heat for near a 
month, fgc> or that the heat may be either 
incretfed of flackened at pleafure, by o« 
pening or Aotiing che regifter. 

ATHA^RER [with j^roltigersj a term 
u^ei of the moon, when it h in the (am« 
degree and minute with the fun. 

ATHE [of t*S9 or ©"^e, Atr* an oa:h] 
a privilege of adminiftring an oa;h is 
Come cafes of right and property. 

ATHEI'STICALNESS [ot stbie^ n of 
atbeia, L. of a privat. and @t«f,Gr. GodJ 
atheiftical UAiions, 

ATHlNiE'UM l*A^wAiWt Gr.] * 
place in Athens in Greece^ confecrated 
to Mmervd the goddels of wifdom, whert 
the Greek poets u(cd to make an offer* 
in^ of their works s the Rhetoricians de* 
claimed, and the poets rehear fed their ver- 

ATHE'ROMA [dH^/ji* of d^dfa^ 
palfe or pap, Gr] a Iwelling contained 
in its own coa-, proceeding (romathick 
and tough humour, like foddea barley ; 
which neither caufes paia nor change* 
the colour of the skin, nor yields eataly 
CO the couch, not leaTOs any dent, whea 
it is prefTed. 

ATHLfi'TlCKCrOMi, one appointed for 
the crowning vigors at the publick games* 

ATI A [AitU, Gr.l a writ of laqui- 
ry, whether a perfon be committed f 
prifon on juft cau'e of fufptcion. 

ATI^IA [Old Rjecords} otenkli or 
counrry implements. 

ATi^NIA [of MiMa in Italy] a kind of 
lofty elm tree. 

ATIZO'ES, a precious ftone found in 
Judea and Perfiay that (bines like filler* 

ATLA'NTfiS, of AiUs, a king of Matt- 
ritottia. ATLAN* 

Digitized by VnOOglC 


ATLANTE'AN; of or pel-cainlng to 

ATLA'NTICK Sifters [AftroiL] the fttrs 
and condellacion called cbe Fleiades or 
Seven Stars. Milton. 

ATLANTIDES, the fc?cn d:iMghtcrs 
of Atlds^ whofe names wrre Mdi^a^ Elec 
irdf Tajigeta, 4fi tropes Mcrop:, Hakyotie 
and C'dienOf til which are ftoiied to have 
bad children by heroick priiKCS or the 

tods chemfelves. Thc'r fens were the 
rft anceftcrs of (evera! nations, and 
builders of many cities. The Atlantides 
were in great reputation for wifdom 
and juftice, and therefore were ador'd as 
goddeffes, and fizM in the co/iftellation 
of the feven ttars and called PieiadeM, 

ATLA'NTIS, an ifl«id fp. ken of by 
fliOo and ocber writers, with extraor- 
dinary circumftances* wbicb the contro- 
verfy among the moderos concerning it 
have rendered famous. 

A'TLAS [of TAM/A/^Gr. to carry] the 
firft vertebra of the oeck which fupporcs 
the head. 

A'TLAS, an ancient king of Maurha- 
lUtfy who becaufe of his great skill in af 
tronomy the poets have feign'd him 
CO bear op or fupporc the heavens, or 
whole frame of the world upon his 
Ihoalders, and to have been meiamor- 
phos'd into a vaft morntain o( a pro- 
tdigious height, now call'd Anclnfa or 
Montes claros. And from him a book 
totUniverfal Geography» which contains 
the maps of the whob world, is called 
to jitki4 s as if they were viewed from 
the top of that celebrated mountain, 
which the ancients efteemed the bigheft 
In the world ; or rather on account o: 
their containing or holding the whole 
world like Alias, 

ATLASSES [in ArcbiteBure'\ figures or 
half figures ot men ufed inftead of co. 
lumns or pilafters to fupporc any men^ 
ber of architedure, as a balcony, Jcjrc. 

A'TMOSPHERE ['AT^otr^./fijt, of 
dtfi^t a vapour, and c^l^ a fphere, Gr,] 
that region or fpace round about the earth, 
Into which exhalations and vapours are 
railed either by being forced up by fub. 
terraneous fire i cr, as others define 
it, an appendage of our earth, confift 
ing of a thin, fluid, claftick fubftaoce 
call'd air, fur rounding the terraqueous 
globe, to a confide rable height. 

By atmofphere is generally underHood 
the whole mafs of amb'ent air. But more 
accurare wriieis^ reftfain atmofphere to 
that part of the air next the earth, which 
receives vapours and exhalations, and is 
terminated by the reiia&ioo of the fun's 


The higher fpaces, altho* pethtpg 
wholly Without air, are fuppofed to 
poOeifed by a finer fubftance called 
ther^ and are thence call'd the etbei 

The Atmofpheie infinuates icfelf I 
a!l the vacuities of bodies and fobecoi 
the great fpring of moft of the mutati 
heie below, zB^ennatian, cormption^ i 
foluticn^ Ijrc. 

ATMOSPHEKB <f confifkent Bot 
[according to Mr. Bcn^le^ are effluvia, 
parcic'es of matter which exhale or fte 
out trom many, or probably all fo 
firm and confident bodies \ as glafs, fto 
and metals, which beiug rubb'd agaj 
one an^rher ftrongly, emit fenfi^le i 
oiten offenfive fmells* 

ATOCI'A [or a and «ri«T», Or. 
bring forthj barrennels, a being with< 
children. JL 

ATO'CIUM ['At<«iw, Gr.] any a 
dicamenc that prevents coacepcion 

ATO'MICAL rbitofipty, the doari 
of atoms or the method of accounti 
for the origin and formation ot all thli 
from the fuppofition of atoms endt 
with gravity and motion, called alfo . 
picurean or Cartefian. 

ATONI'A [rf.-oW*, Cr.] a wane of cc 
or tenfion, a loofening ot the nerves s 
finews } a failing or decay of ftrengcl 
infirmity, weaknids, faintnefs. 

tiariust X.1 the being affe&ed with 
humour called atra biUs. 

ATRA BILIS [with Ttyficians\ a i 
of fulphureous, earthy fait, which bre 
in the body of animals, and ia earn 
about in the blood, where caufiog an t 
due fermentation^ it produces melancl 

ATRAMB'NTOUS [pi uttamimum, 
ink] inky, like ink. 

ATRAPHA'XIS IBotMy} the herb< 
rach or Arrach. •! 

ATRIPLEX IBotaio] Orrach or Ol 
den-herb. ! 

ATRIPLBX lUtifolia [Botmy] thelJ 
Goofe-fbot or Sow-bane. J 

ATRIPLBX olida 1 [BatOKf'} ftin| 

ATRIPLEX fiuidai OirachorN(4 

A^TRITY latritdi, 1.] bltcknefi. 

A'TRIUM [O/d RacordsJ a court U 
a houfe $ alfo a charch.yard. 

ATRO'CIOUS fjitrozt JL.] cruel, I 

ATRO'CIOOSMSSS ratrociui, i 
beinoufnefs, outraeeoufiieis, cruelty. 

A'TROPOS [J^e^ir^^ Cr. i. e, 
chaogetblc or ii»atorab«tjoaa ot the t| 

Digitized by VnOOglC 


tfra, wki» %» tte poets fefgn, cnn 
drireaJ of omq's life. S«e PARCiE. 
lb 4nA'CH a Ferfin to one [in a fi* 
i|wniiB^] CO iajr him under an obli- 
fncs uti eq^ge him to ooe*s ielf by 

IT JL'CHMENT •/" Prhntige, » by 
M ot t aua's privi^« co call aoocber 
• vti CMirt, CO wblch he himfelf be- 
ll^ aiute^oft whereof he h obli- 
|Bi'3|{f.crfome aAioiu 

mkXX iUiliimy Art] the general 
iikar -aiiec chic is made co gain a pod 
1 1^ t bo^y q£ croops. 

ToiTTA'CK mfimk [AtHitaj term] 
Rifine to attach ooth &«Scs ot the 

^ hgdr ATTACK, u afl attack made 
■ ttienntccordiRg to the rules of arc, 

Hfm triad h right ATTACK, is 

9|ifi tk place by formal accack and re- 
pbvorki wtthonc a general dorm. 

ATTii'NABLE* tbat may be attained. 

m#'"KDER hy Appearance [in law] 
•^aeit^^ Battle, by Ccmfi^kmy or by 

ATTinCDER l>y BattUj ts when the 
pi; iffealed by aooiher rather choofes 
^tneke criih by combat tbao by jury, 

JITAINOER /y Coaftfftan, ts eithei 
|f fUirg loiliy at the bar before the 
1^ ttd ooc fttfting himfelf upon the 
?»*ftfcajyiyj or before the roroofr 
• v^y, where in ancient times he 
^3i%ed CO abiitre the realm. 

ATTJUNDER h Default \ U when 

WtAlKIiER 1^ OuOamyl a perfon 
^<a^ does not appear, afier be has 
^ fce limes called into the county 
^ tid ti ar iaft pronounced out-Iawed. 

WTAINDER Jbf Verdia^ is when the 
2^ tc the bar pleads not giiiliy to 
■nttneaci and is pronounced guilty by 

J^Al^KMEMT, an obtaining ; llfo a 
^Jjttibed or gotten. 
>nAl Stri^ Iq. d. the leavings of 
^S^ ^<#^ or ^azmei ^^ apdenc 
2J^ «nd mioers of COpofgU, did 
'i^ sa oU deierted mine given over. 
^WAlflNATfi lattfmnatu^'f. JL] 

JJ*5U [of adttgendo, JL] a little 

^tiUk'TStR rto called t>f atieUa^ ft 

^Ziyff^'h .'Aero they ware firft 

i] a kind of comick aod.faty> 

preCttted oo the Homad thea- 

M ib grave and ferioni as the 

<ri iiSa comedies aod aagtdi^s, 

^ kficrous ikto ite iarccs ob the 


1>» ATTEMPERATB ZoUen^atm, 
1 ] to maVe fie or meet. 

ATTE'NTION of Mind [vsrith Mora- 
iifij]. an ad of the will, by which it calls 
ojFche underftandinf; from the confidera* 
tion of other obie&y and dire£U it to 
the thing in hand. 

ATTENTION as to Hearings is the 
ftraining the AfemBrana T^/mpani^ To as 
CO make it more capaUe of leceiving 
foonds, and more prepared to catch evea 
a weak aKiracion of the air. 

ATTB^NTIVENESS, [attetUiotiy F o£ 
Z.] heedfiU attention. 

ATTENUA'NTIA, attenuating meii- 
cines, i, e* Tuch as wich their iharp and 
vifcoua particles open the pores of the 
body, cut the thick and vifcoas humours» 
fo chat (hey can pafs eafily through the 

ATTENUATION, a thinning, fere, the 
m.king any fluid thinner or lefs coolifl* 
ent than it was hefere. R of X* 

ATTE'RMININO [of attemiH*\ F.] 
a tin-.e or term granted for payment of 
a debt ; the purchafing or gaining a lon- 
ger time for payment ol a deoc. OlH 
tUcoids , 

To ATTICISE fatticifitum, Z.] to 
imitaie the fpeech of the Athenians, cfpe- 
cially in elegincy. 

A'TTICK [in ArchiteSure'] the n^ma 
of a balis, which the modern arcbitedt 
have given to the Dcrick pillar. 

ATTICK [in ArchiteSure^i a kind of 
building wherein there is no roof or co- 
verini to be fcenj ufcd at Athens, 

ATTICK Order lArcbiteSure] a fort of 
fmall order railed upon another that is 
larger by way of crowning or to flniib th» 

ATTJtCK Safe lArchitcaure'] a pccull. 
ar kind of bale, ufed by ancient archt- 
icds in the Jojuc\ order, and by others in 
the Vorich, 

ATTICK of a Itoof [Archlteaure'] ft 
fort of paiapet to ft terrace, platform. 


ATTICK continued [ArchitcSure'] h 
that which exKAmpaTfes the whole pour- 
tour of a building, without any inter- 
ruptior, follt^wing all jeccs^ the returns 
of the pavilions, Igft:. ,, 

ATTICK mterpofed [ ArcbiteBure'i is 
that which is iituate between two tall 
ftorres, and fcmetimes adomftd with co- 
lum ns f g if-jiKiHcrs. 

ATTICK Salii a delicate, poipnant fort 
of wit and humour, peculiai to the Atkt* 
man authors. ' 

ATTICK Mtt/f, an excellent onft. 

ATTICK If'itnefii one incapable of being 

^""^'*'- I, ATTl', 

Digitized by VnOOglC 


thl tOoebtiit or jotting. 

A'TTILA 1 [Old Reeordi] th« lig- 

A'TTILB I f^ing of a fliip ; alfo iiti- 
pHnnemtaiid coob percaioiDg to hosbtn* 
dry : I( wtt tlfofomecimcs underftood of 
warlike harneft or accoutrements. 

ATTILATUS Etntus ioU htm Efcards'] 
a hoffe drefsM in bu geers or haniefs for 
the bufinefs of the care or plough. 

ATTl'RB [with Btftanifts] the third 
part belongii^ to the flower of a plant, 
of wtdck the two former are the empale- 
snent and the foliationyand is called either 
fiorid or fenMrm, 

Florid ATTIRB [Botam'} is commonly 
caU'd thrums, is in the flowers of Mart- 
goids^ Tmfeyt iffc. thefe Tbrums Dr. Gre» 
calls Stilts^ wbtch confift oftwo. but m. ft 
commonly of three pieces} the outer part 
of thefttit is the Floret j the body ot which 
is divided at the cop like the Cowjlip flow- 
er into five parts or diftin£l leaves. 

Semiform ATTIRE [Botany'] this con- 
£fts of two parts, i. f . the '-hives (which 
by fome are called Stamina)^ znd Semets 
^X Apices, one upon earh actirs. 

ATTIRE [with Sportjmen] ihe branch- 
iBg horns of a buck. 

A'TTITUDBS fin Fainting, Statuary t 
Ijrc] thepollureof a figure or ft«tue 5 or 
the difpofliion of its pans, by which we 
dilcever the aftion ic h enf^agcd iii, ^ and 
the very fentiment fuppofed to be in its 

ATTO'LLENS, raifing or lifting up. X. 

ATTO'RNEY General, is one who is 
Appointed by general authority to manage 
«U sfFsirs or futcs of the community. 

ATTORNEY General [ of the Kii^ ] 
'ene who mana&es all law affairs of the 
«rowny either in criminal prbfecutions or 
otherwife ; efpecially in matters of trea- 
foHf feditioo, Jjrc. 

ATTOHNISHIP, procuration ; alfo the 
ofltceofan attorney. 

ATTO'KHY of the Court of the Dutcby 
ef Lancafter, the feconj o6ficer io that 
court, being for his skill In law placed 
there as afleflfor to the chancellor of that 

ATTO'RNMENT 1 f iii luml is 

ATTOy'KNMENT | virhcn the tenant 
kttourns to or acknowledges -a new lord ; 
or a transferring thofe duties he ow'd to 
his former lord to another . 

ATTRA'CTION [in Mikcbamdls) the 
itSk of a moving power, whereby a 
moveable is broueht nesre^r to the mover. 
The power oppoutc to jttraftioa is called 

ATTRA'CTIVE Ibrce [in rb^C}is^ is 
f panral power j^^f^cw^Uiu bodies, 


whereby they gft od other diflant bodfeil 
and draw them towards themfelves. Thi 
by Ferifatetieks is called the Motion 4 
Attrafbm, and fometimes SuEtion* M 
modem philofophers do geaerally exploj 
the notion of attraftion, alTerting that ! 
body cannot %6t where it is not, and tU^ 
all motion is performed by mere imp4 

ATTRACTIVE Fo»er [ according I 
Sir Jfaac Newtoii] is a power or principl 
whereby all bodies and the particles of % 
bodies mutually tend towards each otheR 
Or AitraSion is the tStSt of fuch pow4 
whereby every particle of matter teoc 
towards every other particle. 

ATTRA'CTIVBNBSS [of attraSif, I 
ofattraOivus, 1.} the drawing or arcra6l 
ing quality. 

ATTRAHE'NTIAl [in FbyfichJ m 

A'TTRAHEirrS f trafting or draw 
ing medicines, fuch as by their minnce pei 
tides open the pores of the body, fo as t 
difperfe the humours, caufe tho parts c 
draw Ufflers in the skin. £. 

ATTRIBUTE [attrihdmn of atttilnti 
1*3 a property which agrees to fom^ pei 
Ton or thing ; or a qnality which detei 
mines fomeihing to be after a certai 

ATTRIBUTES [with DivinesJ certai 
properties or glorious exoellencies, a 
cribed to God, to render cs the moi 
capable to conceive of him, as tbac he 
Eternal^ inpnitety fVife^ <hod, Mmight 

ATTRIBUTE [with Jjogicians'J an cpf 
thet given to anyfubjed, or it is anyprt 
dicare tbereofi or whatever may be attrn 
ed Or denied bf any thing. 

P<?^W ATTPilBUTE, fuch as gives 
thing fomewhat^ as* when we fay of ma 
that he is animmte* 

Negative ATTRIBUTE, that which d< 
nies or takes away fome what, as whi 
we fay of a ft one, that it is inammat 

Common ATTRIBUTE, is that whi 
agrees to feiveral difierent things as ac 

Trofer ATraiBUTB, fuchasa^eea 1 
one kind on!^, asSr^/cvi to mankind* 

ATTRIBirrBS cooimumcabU of Q 
[with Viinnes'i belonging to the divi 
faculties 0/ amngi are Fosper and z 

ATTRIBUTES comnuaucahte of G 
fbelong'Ag to the divine wlUJ are Jti/itit 
Goodnejs, .Rtitbfufnefi. 

ATT Ril JUTES comimaucabte of C( 
[belonginr; to the divine underftandio 
uciUum'edge, fVifdom, Providence. 

ATTR-^iBUTES incommunicabU of 0< 
zmSimtdJCity. VniQ^ Smul^iHO*^^ 

Digitized by VnOOQlC 


ffdJSOTBS fin pMiti^ «Dd Satl^ 

to] ii« iiinbals *6diBd to (evertl figures 
aiankcdiBirpanicoltr ofice tadcha- 
n&r i iitt ca^e to JvMer^ t peacock 
D jbs, I odocRu CO Mercmy^ % club to 
tefe/. lod « palm to ViSory. 

irrUTENFSS ,[of tfOrnKx, L.] the 
ie^nck worn. 

ATTUTION [with DroiMej\ aforrow 
» 1^ for hanng offieoderf God, ari* 
ifma die iede of the odiouibels of fin, 
a tk amfaen^oa of having incurred 
ntlafc cf heaven aod pum/bmeoc } or, 
&3(hn jeiiae ic, the loweft deeree ot 
i^tecace, t flight and imperfeft iorrow 

feR I AjAoi. fiic'i a mocloo of bodies 
^ oae anoJier, as ftrikes off fome 
%ttia ptfddes whereby they become 
«n iei. 

Arru'£NEY. S^Jitcrmy, 

Ts ATilX [of jtf and vdi^e, 1. V4' 
AiTiK] to be profitable, ierviceable, or 
itoti|eout CO. 

ATlltABLENESS [of vdUir, F. of 
jfiarfairilmr, £.] condaciTenefs, jffc. 

ATi'Mrr, before, forward. 

iTANTA'GlUM, profit or advantage. 

ifAU^OUSNESS, covetCRtfoefs. 

.ITAlOUS [dMni/, X.1 cwretous, 

ATAiniCHERS [with IflffC^'s] the 
■■dinaches ot a hart's horn. 

ADIADE, momiog mofick, foch as is 
l^4« break of day, before a door or 
*^^t sferenade. 

i^I'N [b AtfMfJ the aa of ID- 
yag siier a fbretgner, dyinf; in a 
^^Bf vfaere he is not naturalird. 

«riIN[with flbr/SMm] a broken 

CI oTface of a horie between an am- 
•it gallop. 

'TOnON, an inercafing. 2. 
JDCTOUHON, a &dbg one's 
*«»preotifls or iervaoc. 1* 
igWJ^ASlE [^tMCH^dWi, £.] fit for 
^■Itad fowling. 
fTOLENESS [of mMiUst £.] ca- 
fW of bung beard. 
*lttNCB fin Torn. Jfurs] the 
2^ praAiied at court at the ad- 
*l|aibaflador$ and sablick minifters 

fJB^ITBSl [ctcechnmena or per- 
Jp^ty^BSf foos newly inftmaed 
P^fteiies of theOrlftian reUgion^ 
ipiTK aJniltced to be baptis'd. 
! i^^ mAecomiy to 
LyniOW. bearinff. JL. 


A V 

ytarly examlaet the accounts of under* 
officers accountable, and makes up a gene- 
ral ^book with the difiereoce between 
their receipts aad charges, and their ai» 
locations or allowances ; alfo an allowance 
paid by each merchantt tccordiiig to his 
cargo, to a mafter of a Ihip upon fpecial 
occafions when he iuSfin damages. 

AUDlTO'RinS mtattu [j^iiatomgfj th« 
paffage which conveys the air to the au« 
ditory nerve. 

AU'DITORY, the feat or bench where 
a magiftrace or judge fits to hear caufes* 

AU'DITRBSS laudkrix^ X.] a female- 

AVEtLA'NA, the filberd, e nut. L. , 

AVE MARI'A [i e. JUul Maty] a fi|J 
lucation to the Virgin Afery. 

ToAVE'NGE [avengtfT, F.] to cakt 
vengeance on an offender. 

AVh'NGERS [according; to CorneUiu 
4Sjrippal tbe 4th order ot angels, whofe 
prince is J/moddtus, the executioner o^ 

A'VENS [Boiatfl an herb. 

AVE'NTURiE (in aaciftU IVrithigiJ to- 
lunrary feats or trials of skill at arms, 
tournaments^ or military exerdfes oa 

AVfi'NUB [mUkary Art] n fpace left 
for a paflage into a camp, garrifon or 

Quarters an opening or iolec into any 
>rt, baftioo or other work. 

AVER Itfid* fucb land ts the tenane 
did plough and manure, ciefi avefiiifius^ 
for the uTe of a monaRery or the lord 
of the foil. 

AVER Silvitf e cuftom or rent for* 
merly fo called. Old Records. 

A'VERAGB C» Common lam J thac 
iervice which the tenant owes the lord 
to be performed by horfes or carriages* 

A'VERAGB [with Oubandmrn] paT- 
ture or fodder for cattle, efpectaJIy the 
Eddijh or graft after mowing Or reap- 

AVEHIA [of rf»«ir, *'. to have, or mer 
cattle] in law fignifies oxen and horfet 
for the plough } alfo fometimes any cat- 
tle or perfooal eftate» as CataUs all goods 
and chattels. 

A'VERAOB [in Htvigation end rem- 
merce] ^gnifies the damage which the 
veflel or the goods or loading of it fuf- 
tains, from the tine of its departure to 
iu returns «id alfo^ the charge or con* 
tributions towards defraying fuch dainaW 
ges s alfo the quota or proponion which 
each merchant or proprtetor in the Ibip 
or loading is adJudgM upon a reafonable 
eftimation to contribute to a commoa 
alfo a finaU duty, which 

PttlOR [in ii^J an officer of the average ; alfo a imau ^^^i s^?!?. 
Wlvfim ether grw peifen, who tbofe awahtntswho tod goods m ano. 

Digitized by VjOOQ I ^ 


tker inin*s Ihip, pay to the mtfter for 
his car« of ck«m over and above the 

AVERDUMl'SE. See Avoirdupoife. 

AVH'RMENT, an aflcrtion oi a thing to 
be true, an affirming, }ffc. 

^General AVE'RMENT (in lavp'} is the 
conclufion of every plea to the writ, or 
in bar of replications or other plead- 

Particular AVERMENT [in 1/w] is 
when the lite of a tenant i^r 'itc, era 
tenant in tail is averred ; and the Aver- 
ment contains as well the matter as the 

AVERNI [with ancient Naturalifts ' 
lakes, grottoes, and other places whirh 
infed the air with poifonous fteams and 

AVERRU'NCI [among the Romans^ 
« certain order ot deities whole olHce 
was to avert dangers and evils. 

AVE'RSION 1 averfh, X.] a being 
^ AVE'RSENESS f averfe rrom, or ha- 
Ting DO inclination for ; alfo a turning or 
driving away from. 

AVERSA'TION, a hating, abhorring, 
refuQnp i a turning away trom. X. 

AVE'RSABLH [averfabilti, X.] to be 
er that may be turned away trom. 

AVE'RSENESS, diOike to. 

To AVE'RT [avertere^ I.. J to turn a- 
way from, to drive or keep bick. 

AVB'RTI [in a>rfemanlhipj a French 
word as*d in the mamgc, as applied to 
the pace of motion of a horfe, that's 
enjoined, regulated and required in lef* 

AU'GH [with Aflronomers'i the Apo- 
g^wny or that point ot the orbit or a 
planet, ill which a planet being, is far- 
theft diftant from the central body, about 
which it rorsj and is then floweft in'its 

AU'r^ELOT [with rine-dreperj^ •« 
to plant vines s la augilot, is to dig 
finaJl trenches in the lorm of a little 
trough, CO place there the flips or (hoots, 
which are afterwards covered with 
earth. R 

AUGES "" jfjhono'py'] two points in a 
planet's orbit, otherwife called Apfides^ 

AUGMENT A'TIONS [in Heraldry "^ 
Wtt additional charges frequently given as 
m particular mark of honour, and gene- 
rally borne either on an efcutcheon or 

AUGMB'NTUM SjfUaBicum [in GramJ 
h wheq a letter or fylUbte it added at 
the beginning of a word* fo char the 
number of fyllables is increased, as Wir7», 
|Tt/ff'7or, STb4«, irirup*. 

AUGMF^TUM sfiijkicm £|o Qrm.'} 

'■ A V 

it wfae;^ a fhort vowel \t changed ini 
long on<r, or a diphthong into a longc 

AU'GURAL lai^uralisy LJ of or 
Ionising to an aiigur or foothfayer. 

To AU'GURE [augurare, JL.J toj 
did, to con}e&ure or guefs. 

AU'GURS, Augurs were Co called 
iher of avium geftUi the gelture or fly 
of birds, or avium garritu, rhe Mff 
and chatter ini ot birds. Romidiu 
founder of Rome was himfelf a great p 
ficient in the art of Augury^ and as 
divided the city into three tribes^ fo 
Appointed three augurs, one for e 
tribe. The pi in^ ipal order of their prie 
who divined by the flight of birds, tl 
manner was to ftand on an high row 
holding their lituus or divining ftaff 
their hand, and with that they b) 
motion as it were,dividing the hearen 
CO feveral qurters, made their obfer 
tions from which of tbefe quarters i 
birds appeared, and on that quarter 
fered facrifice and made prayers, i 
afterwards gave ihe'r judgment ; tl 
were at firft but three, but afterwa 
were augmented to fifteen, their peri< 
were inviolable, and their chara&er i 
impeachable on any ctime or cattle wli 
focvt r, 

AU'GUSTy the feventh month in i 
year, fo called from the emperor, w 
having conquered Egypt j and put an % 
to the civil wtr, entered chac month i 
to his ferond confulfliip. 

AUGUST, the anciet^s painted Aug 
like a young man* wt:h a fiene conn 
nance, drefsM in a flame^colour'd rol 
having his head adorn*d with a Paris 
of wheat, aod having a basket of lumir 
fruits on his arm, and a fickle at his be 
bearing a vi£lim. 

AUGUSTa'LIA, feftivals inftttmed 
honour of Cafar Augt^ut, on the la 
of Odober, becauie in this month he i 
turned ,co Rome, adorned with lam eh 
vidory and conqueft ^ having left all c 
provinces of the empire in peace. 

AUGU'STNESS [of at^ufte^ F. m^i 
tuSf Z.J reyahielSy majefticknefs, venei 

AUGUST A'LIS [tmong the Rfmut 
a title given to the pontift or prieft» w 
dire£^ed or fuperintended the games p< 
formed in honour of A^gufius* 

AUGUST A'US, a title «iven hy tl 
Xwians to all the officers of the emp 
ror's palace ; €So to certain magistral 
in cities, alTo to ih6 leader of the fi 
ranks in an army. 

AVI'SO, advice, inteUigenee en 
▼er^ifemenc of fomoUupg to be m 

Digitized by VnOOglC 


itrrODS [dvitMs, U] that which 
Me n OS by our aaceftors, ancieoc, of 

AraiS'KTUM, advice.counfel. Oid 

in00L0US[4iriJiil«5,X.] fomewhtt 

iMVARD rcpanb,&fx.l natowgrd 

iOlWARDNESS [of JEnepb. Sax.^ 

iOlinCK [tuOetious, X. j belonging 

iC'LA, 1 conrt baron. Old Rfc. ^ 
Al^llCH (m fame foreign aniyerfities]) 
*tn vUch a young divine maintains 
■^ikWfliifioQ of a new doAor of 

C-N [in Prmce] « mea'iire, at X(w- 
^Xfail to ID ell Englijh at lioRi, 
toil at caUi/ to i. 51. and ac Par'u 

AirMBRT, a capboard for viaaa!s. 

*OKl "I a GermM meafure of nbe- 

ttllB} wiflt wine, containing 40 

AC'WEj.ET) a pancake made of eggs 
A'SIELET I after the A'ffic^ way. F. 
K^HE [Urn word] for alms. 
ttVONER, a diariboter of alms, an 

A^HAlUS, antiquated, OldUec. 

ATOIDanCB [in FaSf] is by the deach 

JTOIDANCB [in lafl may be by 
■v, fbrality, deprivaiion» defigna- 

mt Do' POIS [mZam] fach mer- 
■B^A as are we(gh*d by this weight, 
■< *c by TVot weight. 

WOSEnnrA, a bSd, called a Scoper. 

To AYO'W [avouer^ F.] to own, con- 
■ w icknowledae, to grant. 

ATOWEE 1 p^ term] he to whom 
JDfO^Uf the right of adrowfon 
jf^ ^^loch belongs, fo that he mav 
g"t|h rfto in his own name s and is 
2^*d from thofe who prefent in 
Tf^* aittc, as a guardian for his 

■w'SAL, a eonfeflioo. 

*^» taentle gale or blaft of wind 5 
■%«ka!ation or Tapour, a gentle 
■■"5*c'*«' air. 

WHldTiUM [q[ aurum, 1. gold] 

il2P ^ ^*^ ^'o™ "* colour, 
J«W JUexmirina [to MedianeJ a 
"i^Pttw or antidote. 
if^XlA [Bor^] the herb golden 
***' or gald SMhados. 

^*^IA [with lidtiralifis'} the firft 
te^e of cte Cmctf of 197 in- 


AUKH'OLA fwith Romj/b ScbtnOmemJ 
a fpeciil reward beftowed on nurtyra^ 
virgins, dodors and other faints, on ac- 
count of their having performed works 
of fnpererogation. 

AUREOLA [with Vmntert^ Jefc'] % 
crown of glory with which faints, maiw 
tyrs and ceofefTors are adorned, as % 
mark of their having obtained vi^ry. 

AQRICHA'tCUM [hft(x*^*^y Or*} 
a fifbitious metal commonly called braft 
made of copper and lapis cdlaminam* 

Cbymicalffritings] is ex- /\ ^^^ 
prefled by one of thefe SZ -^^ 
chara^ers, O ^s^ 

AURKS, an ancient punilhment amow 
the Saxons^ of cutting off the ears u 
church-robbers and other felons. 

AU'RICLH [i*i«it.] the external csr, 
or that part of it that is prominent from 
the head. 

AURI'COMUM lBotanf2 « lund of 
Crow-foot, Z. 

AURI'CULA, a little ear, the outfids 
of the ear, i. 

AURICULA [with Botmnfis] the herb 
Borage s alfo the flower called BearVear* 
or commonly Riccolus. 

AURICULA JudA [PbamuKyJ JeWa- 
ear, a fort of fubilance that grows «i 
the trunk of the elder-tree. X. 

AURICULA Leporis iBoUmy} HareV 
ear or Scorpion- wort. 

AURICULA Maris IBotmof] the herb 
Moufe-ear. L, 

AURI'CULA Vffi [Botaiy'J the heib 
Bear>>ear. JL. 

AURI'CULjB cordis Iwith jtaatomifis] 
the two auricles of the heart, feated ac 
the bafis, over the ventricles, their ulb 
is to receive the venal blood from the 
vena cava and ptdmonans, and as It wer« 
to meafnre ic into the ventricles. 

AURICULA'RIS <f^ititf, the little &». 
ger, fo called becaufe u is ufed commcm* 
ly to pick the tu, L. 

AURICULA'RIUS, a iccretary. Old 

AURI'GO[withFfyjicMii] cheyeUow 
fiundice. L» 

AURIPIOME'NTUM, a fort of arftX' 
nick of a gold colour, yellow orpimenc 
or orpine. 1. 

AURlPlGMENTUAf [with CtyaMoi 
miters'] is exprefs^d /' \y \ 
by one of thefo cht- C / \J 

AU'RIS, an ear. £. 

AURO^RA [of aura, JL. or A?ae» 0$.! 

the morning twilight « che dawn or breaC 

ot day s which begins to appear when 

tht fliB it c^no within x8 degrees of tb« 

^ k0riaen» 

Digitized by VjC — -j. •- -- 


^ricnfiy tad inis when It U rlfen < 
^ve ie. 

AURORA, flccordTng to the poets, was 
the <Uughcerof£)^aRan4 Jieia, whom 
Orpheus calfs the fore- runner of :he god 
^tmp becaufe ibe U that light that gives 
notice of the rifing of the luo above our 
henifphere. Others fay, ibe was the 
daughter of Titan and the earth, becau/b 
to "ich as fail on the water or travel on 
the jplain^ the light of the morning feems 
to ti£t out of the earth, and proceeds 
from the fun, who immediately follows 

AuroTd is reprefented by the |^oecs» as 
rifing out of the ocean, riding m a goU 
den chariot, havbg her fingers of a vio- 
let or a rofey or « faffron colour, drop- 
ping with a gentle dew» by this denoting 
the colours we fee in the morning, cau- 
fed in the air by the light and vapours, 
Vtrgii defcribes her afcending with hor* 
fes of a flame colour i Theocritus with 
white with refpeft more to the nature 
of light itfelf, than to( the vapours which 
trife with it. 

Aurora is faid to be the mother o» 
the ftars and winds, ArgtfleSt ZePbyrus^ 
Boreas and Hotus. The mythologies fay 
Ae is mother of the winds, becaufe after 
m calm in the night, the winds rife in 
the mornbg as attendants upon the fun, 
by w^oie heat and fight they are be- 

AURO'SB [aurofut^ X.] foU of sold. 

AUHULBNT lauruleatus^ 1} flowing 
with gold. 

AURUM, gold. £. 

AURUM ieg'm^ [i.e. qaee&'t gold] a 
certain revenue peculiar to a queen con- 
Ibvc of Great Bruahi. L* 

AUSPEX,adtvmerbybtrdss the man- 
aer of his performinc his divination was 
thus I the au/pex Stood upon a tower 
wi(|i bis head covered with a gown pe- 
culiar to his office, which was called 
tana^ and turning his fiace towards the 
IE4/?, holding a Ihort ftrait rod in his 
hand, only a little turmng at one end, 
called JJtuusi he marks out the hea- 
vens into 4 quarters, having doi» this, 
be ftays and waits for the omen, on 
which quarter the birds fiy. 

AUSPI'CIA [of avis a bird, and cot- 
J^icie to behold or obfervel obfervations 
And prediftions taken from birds. 

Some of thefe auf^ia or omens were 
taken from the chattering or finging of 
birds and others from their flying : The 
former they called OJ^iitfi, the latter Pra 
petes I of the firffc fort were crows, pies, 
owls, yc. of the fecood, oagles^ vultures 
•odthe likei 


The/e Au/^ua were alfo taken fj-a 
chickens in a coop or pen, and the sna 
ner of divining from them was as fc 
iowst The Ai^ or Aa^wr made hie o 
fervadon early in the morning, and cos 
mandiq; a general filence, ordered d 
coop to be opened, and threw down 
handful of com or crumbs to them, a< 
by their aaious alterwards took the 

If the chickens immediately ran fie 
terii^ to the meat, if they fcatter'd 
with their wings, if they pafs'd hy 
without taking notice of it, or if cli« 
flew away j they accounted the omets 1 
be unfortunate, and to portend noctWb 
but danger or mifchance. 

But u they leaped immediately oor 
the coop, and fell to picking up cbe szae 
10 greedily, as to let iome of it drop o: 
of their mouths upon the pavement, cIm 
looked upon it as an omen of alTujxd lia 
pinefs and fucceft. 

^ AUSPrciAL lau/piciaUsy 1.} pertaii 
ing to foothfaying or divination. 

AUSPl'CIAL [au/piciaiis, X.] fort 
nate, happily begun, profperous, favour. 
ble, lucky. 

AUSPrciOUSNESS [of tf^/Jwcf, F. m 
fficium, X.1 profperouiheis, happinefs. 

AU'STER, the fouthwind, alfo cl 
fbuth part of the world. X. 

AUSTE'RE Tafie [aifienu, L.] a taft 
which leaves fome roughnefs on the mouc 
and tongue, as vitriol, Ufc. 

AUSTfi'RULOUS [oifieruhu, U] foia 
what harih. 

AU'STRAL Signs [Afimmi^l am ch 
fix fouchern figns of the zodiack, wis. i 
tra, fiorfio, figittariusf capriconms^ 4 
^uarius and pijces. 

AUSTRl'Nfi C^fif^ifiitf, X.] foucben 

AUSTU'RCUS a GoAwark, hence 
^Iconer, who keeps theie kind of havriu 
is called an Cflringer. J 

AUTER DROIT [Fr. taw Term} I 
where perfons fue or are fued in aoc 
ther's right, as executors, adminiUrarori 


AUTERFOITS Acquit, a plea by a cri 
minal that he was Heretofore acquitce 
of the fame creafon or felony- F, 

the being fupported by good authoraci 

AUTHfi'NTlCKS the name or title c 
the third volume of the Romaa civil law 
fo termed becaufe it has its authoric 
from itfelf; as proceeding from cli 
mouth of the emperor. It is a tome t 
new conflitutioBS appointed by the esn 
peror JifiimaB$&cx checodc^ and Intro 

Digitized by VnOOQlC 

ew^f. Ipraigon 
^W Mnieoiaity 


airintfte body of die Imw tiaier cme 

finmiTAnnVENESS {ofautborl^ 
«, L] tk tfiioi b7 aochoricy aucho- 
nuiis lypwftncCa 

tflQCTPHALUS [of ^Ur^t his own. 
B<4^, Gr. betdj one wko is his 

KJTO^CHTHONCS Idvrix^mnt of 
«« UdT, iBd x^^ <be eacch, Cr. ] 
m flCfU tad firft inhabicancs of aoy 
of che verjr earth 
die iDoft ancient 
Creice were fo 

'^ «d *0^*^ power. Or, ] havio^ 
pvtt b UaifelF, ftipremacy. 

inOOUTlCAL l [ of *Vto«^- 

?•■*■, fairtnie. 

ttrO'CRAPHY I auttgrii^fhm, Z. 
^'^g yii of dnjit and 3^0^* ^- '^^ 
^jctepcevGar 01 own hand wrl- 
■|,flf» pstScBhr^rfon; alfo che 
^^ or my creariSb-'or^ difcoorle in 
"*ioii 60m a copy of Jt^ - *' 

^iOTOONE'SlA [«fcrrMifJiW«,.^ <£» 
^ yA *aU, to more, Gr. J a ftee 
■"■f of itfelf to and fro, 

^ShfUktOS [dtnoft^Tot of dvrit 
■'H^F"** or <^»TDfcATJc fponcaneous, 
AJ I Iclf-aioriog engine; a machioe 
*iKb In d^ principle of motion wiih- 
•^ goiif either by^ a vice, fcrew, 
%^ « vetghc s any piece of mechan- 
^te feeau to move of iti«14» clock. 

WfOMATOM f with p*j(|fc mi' 
*»] demotion of the heart, the work- 
% of :he bowels. 

AWmatoRY [amomatwia Z.]the 
^^iacBceof making clocks, watches, 
g° * fach fflichioea as move of them* 

•TWHOtOS [«rcfTafS^f, oT Jvrle 
^h'f 10 betr. Or. J in thtCiwlZamti 
J'fkEa ro the Tery (ad» or kaviog 
•jgfce ftole about hinu 

■TOTHEIST of -^irTo^ and esir.Ood, 
Sl« who beHeves Cod*s' feli-fub- 

J!^9M Ididwmuu^ X,] harreft, the 
2* ?■ ^ ^k of Auitffi to the 
JI'ywoBfer. The Egyptims us'd 
Jg» aaiumn [HierogSpkicaUfX by 
iJ^f^diftiUiog venom into the body 

^^HN [wichA&r^^mjfr] the time 
B*e when the operation of the phi- 
HJj^ftone is brought to maiuiicy. 
^nniNAt Fomr [with4|9nm0m.] 
ni<t(haffQijioziai points » b^pgih»t 


from which the fun begins to defctal 
towards the honh pole. 

AUTUMNAL Ef^iax lAftrm.^ ch« 
time when che fun is m the autumnal points 
AUTUMNAL Siffit f AUtmu ] ar« 
Chofe thro' which the (iin pafles during 
(he autumn feafon } they are ftbta JcoT" 
Uus and Sagittaruu- 

AUTUMN A'LI A, tbofe fruits of ch« 
earth that are ripe in autumn or har* 
Tea, JL 

AUTU'tf NITY [ mdwmtast L. ] th« 
time of harveft« 

AUTU'ROY f i«r«r^itf, L. of «^if 

felt, andS^sv, Qr. work! Ieir*workix^* 

AUOCBSIS [mu^i^itt Gr^ increafe. 

AUXILIATION^ help, aid, fuccour, 

AUXIUUM [with rbffictam'i anf 

medicine that is good agatnft a diieafe. Z. 

AUXiLIUM facen Jucm m curU ft- 

gis (i. e- to be the affifter and foliicicdr 

for another in the king's court} an ol^ 

fice in ancient times folemnly undertaken 

by fome courtiers for their dependanu. X* 

AUXILIOM peUre £ ld9 Term ] co 

pray aid or fuic in a caofe s as when an ta* 

terior tenant is impleaded, and isincapa* 

ble to defend the right in his own name« 

he prays aid of the fuperior lord to affift 

aod juftify his plea. U 

AUXILIUM BjegUt money ratied for 
the king's ofe, and iervice. L. 

AUXILIUM vlcecomutm^ the «>d or 
cuftomary duties paid to che Iberiff for 
the better fupport of his office. X. 

To AWAIT [of M^t»Teut.\ to waft 
for, attend upon; alfo ready to befoll one 
(fpoken of ill) 

AWI'ULLNBSS, revttednefs, terror- 
bringing quality. 
AWNl [with HkiAAutefiU the fpir* 
ANB I or beard of barley, or other 
bearded grain i alfo the beard that growl 
out of the hnsk of corn, or grais* 
AX VBTCH, an herb. 
AXILLA [in Anatonvf] the cavity un- 
der the upper part of the t^m^ common* 
iy called the arm-pit. X. 

AXI^NOMANCY [dxinonmtia, X. of 
dltHfietfrtiA, Gr. ot a'^if) a hacchec, 
and /u«VTc/gi, Gr,) divination by an ax or 
hatchet, which they fixed fo exadly upon 
a round ftake, that neither end might 
outpoife or weigh down the other ; then 
they prayed land repeated the name of 
thofethey fufpeded, and the perfon« ac 
whofe name the hatchet made any ch0 
leaft motion, was pronounced guilty. 

AXI'OMA [with Lo^iciansj is the dif- 
pofing one argunnent with another wher9 
a thing is faid to be or not to be. 

AXIOMA^TICKS rAxiomatici^ X. oT 
« (i«jMT|ji«J, Gr,2 pezl09 worthy of ibm« 

^ dig- 

Digitized by VjOOQ ^ ^ 



iignicy or publick o^lice. 

AXIS, properly fignifics a line or long 
piece of iron or wood, pafling cbiough 
the center ot a S^^here^ which is mc- 
Tcable upon the fame. 

AXIS [with Botamfls'} (by a metaphor 
ttken from the axis of a wheel, which 
is that fmooth part about which it turns) 
is the fmooch part in the center oi fome 
fruits about which the other parts are 

^ AXIS of the earth IGeagrapby'} is a 
Hght line upon which the earth per- 
forms its daily rotation. 

AXIS of a planet {Afiron,'] ts a right 
line drawn thro' (he center of the planet, 
and about which it revolves. 

AXIS of a circle 1 C^A 
AX IS of a Sphere f tron.^ 
IS a ftraic line palfnig thro' 
the center from one fide to 
r^ another, and is the fame 
as diameter, 
AXIS lArctiteSureJ is 
^ otherwife called Cathetus. 

^ AXIS [ of the loniel Capital ] i» t 
line pafTing perpeodicular through the 
middle of the eye of the volute. 

^iril AXIS (Architea.} is the axis 
of a twifted column drawn fptrally, in 
orderltotrarethc circumvolutions without. 

AXIS of a Magnet, is a line paffing 
through the middle of a magnet length- 
wife, in fuch manner that however the 
magnet is divided, the loadftone wili^ be 
made into two loidftones, if ihe divi- 
fion be according to a plane wheiein fuch 
line is found. 

AXIS [in Peritrocbio'J a machine for 
the raifing of Weights confilUng of a 
cylindrical oeam which is the axis lying 
horizonUlly, and fupported at each end 
by a piece of timber, andforaewhere about 
it it hath a kind of tympanum or wheel 
which is called the pcritrochium, in the 
circumference of which are made holes 
to put in ftaves (like thofe of a wind-* 
Icfs or capftan, in order to turn the 
axis round the more caiily, to raife 
the weight by a rope that winds round 
the axis. 

A X 

AXIS [ in Qmick 

SeSions'} is a line that 
goes thro* the middle 

i defined. It is alfo 
the firji or principal 
axity in contradifltnc* 
tion to the conjugate 
or Secondary axis. 

Conjugate AXISl 

Second AXIS f 
[of an €ilip[is2 is the 
line F E drawn from 
the center of the fi- 
gure C, parallel to 
the ordinate M N, 
and perpendicularly to 
the tranfverfe axis AP. _ 

^ AXIS, determinate [in 9o HyperioU 
IS a right line drawn between rhe v< 
texes or tops of rhe oppofue feaions. 

AXIS indeterminate [of an I^peri 
is a right line which divides into t« 
equal parrs, and at right angles, an t 
finite number of lines drawn parallel 
one another within the bypert>ola. 

AXIS [in ^ MecbanicksJ as the axis 
a ballance, is the line upon which 
turns or moves. 

AXIS ofaConicl, Is the right line ' 
fide upon which the triangle turns < 
makes its motion in forming the con 

AXIS of a Lens [Opticksj i* a ri^ 
lioe palling along the axis of that fol 
whereof the Lins is a fegment. 

AXIS of any Glafs [Opticls'] is a rigl 
line drawn perpendicularly through il 
center of the glafs, and if it be a M 
vex glafs, thro* the thickefl part i or 
it hi a concave glafs thro* the chtoae 
part (which in each of them is tenn< 
rhe pole of the gl-isy dircftly on t) 
center of the fphere, of which the gla 
figure is a fegmenr, 

AXU'NGIA a kind of fat, rhe fofte 
of any that is in the bodies of anirosli 
alfo the fwarf or greafe in the axi 
tree of a wheel ; boar's greafe. 

AXbNGiA [of Glafs} called alfo tl 
fait ot gall of ghfs, is a fcum which 
taken off from the top of the maciei< 
glafs before it is vitrified. 

AZAPfiS r )n the Tmlifb army ] v 
the old Mt^mem banis more sncio 
than the janizaries themfelves, but vei 
much defpis'd s they are ma(]e ufe of i 
Pioneer St and are fometTmes merely 
bridge to the korfe io loniiby ground 


Digitized by VjOOQ IC 

. B 

B A 

■I k Mif bSdoes CO £11 op the ditches It bttchelof of arts s B. V, Beata vlrgrl 
ciMtt bcieged. I'* ^- (he Blefled Viiigin, fc. Maria, 

. _ . . ->..«-• ^ %.._, g |- ^jjjj i)i^ jncientsj a numeral dc- 

AtUOLE [wich Boimi^s} a kind 
K Btt^'tree, cbe leaves of which are 
ftepcftf, rhc iowcr* grow in dufters, 
^imieverd leaves, which appear 
XKv£e, tbe frait is fmaller chan a med- 
^ fad, £id of ao agreeable catte. 

nuomi r)iMl» oae wbofe ftyle or 
^■BD is ac light angles to the plane 
t-M borkoR. 

Bfftkd AZIMUTH [In jtfhmoavf] 
■ 9e lyparecc di^an*^ ol the fun from 
IB lacih or fooch poixx of the com- 

A'ZiONES [of m. privative, and 2»y», 
Cr. a uae or coooEry ] with Mjftbo. 
Ifpi, Inch gods as were not private di- 
fciis, of aof pantcular country, but 
•CB ackaavtodged as gods in every 
oacj, tod weie worOiipped by eveiy 

ATOUJo^ dxtmo, Jtdl- or aztdy S^ 
*ych%BBes Une, or of Lazulus lapis, 
L] :k oofeor of tbe sky. 

k^LUKB lin Beraldiy]i'e. 
I b&oe s thTa colour, uiallim 
Uyty confifts of much red 
atd a little white, and re 
prefenu the colot r of the 
Af in a clear, fun»fljincy d«y, 
and inei^raving isexprefi'd 
^ htt drawB a-croU the (bield, as in 

'Ab coloiir %mfi^* jaftice, chaftiiy, 
ksS^, lonlry, and eternal felict:y -, 
^ varOy nrtoes* beanty, praife, meek- 
^^mikf, Tiaory yperfeverance.riches . 
»^p»« aoa recreation j of the planets, 
fimt aad Jt^ittr I of metals, tin ; oi 
^oois ftooes, the Turhy ftone ; of the 
■•«*« of the year, September \ of the 
^ af ffce week, trednefof, and Frida/ : 
« SKI, the poplar i ot flowers, the vi- 
^» of foai*iooted animals, the came- 
flBi<tf fowls, the peacock) of human 
rid^aoBs, the fa^oine s and of the 

ATWTES [ *{'w<iTir, Gr» '] pcrfons 
*^ coBBamcate ot the euchariK with 
^OKKi bread. 

ObC Creek 


Bt match 'BlE«i^}/h, 
lie Creeks S Hehrew^ are the fe- 

^iettcrs of thefe alphabets* 
^ ia fj^^ words, is not heard or 

P^aaaced 3»fter m, as climb, dunS, 

( « iM as an abbreviation of feve^ 
*tai*, at B. A. BaccsiawiHs Mtiwn 

noting 300. 

B, with a da(h» over it fignifies ^ooo, 

BA'AL [ in Heb, TU^, fignifies lord 
or mi^htyj an idol of^he Moabites and 
Pbmicianft called alfo Bel, and is thought 
CO have been the firft of idols. 

When the fcripture mentions Baal 
without any other addition, we are to 
underttand tbe God, who by the Tagant 
was efleemed the chief Deity, or 7«- 
piter. So that in the language of the 
Heathens Baal imports as much «s Je» 
bovah and Adonai in the facred wriiinf s» 

BAAL BE'RITH [nn3-7U3» «•?*• 

f. the lord of the covenanij this was 
another god of the Pbeeniciaiu,. 

BAAL GAD [IJi 7y3, i.e. the lord, 
of a troop j was the God from who e 
providence and will all worldly felicity 
did proceed. 

BAALIM rCD^7y3, Heb. i. e. Uffds^ 
fome learned wriieisunderHand by Baa- 
lim the deified fouls of men, and fome 
apply it to tbe Semones or Sermdei, i. e* 
to the half gods of the Fagans It is 
more probable, chat ifaey worlhipped 
the fun and ftars, of which they did dai- 
ly experience iheir goodnefs and power. 

BAALPE'oR [iiys 7y3>-«^^* 

B«iX^>a»p, Gr^'] was an obfccne deity of 
the Moabites at mount Teor beyond ^or- 
dan. Some think this to be Jupiter 
Tonanj, i. e. jfupiter ihc thaderer i others 
take it for Saturn or the lun ) but others 
are of opinion that it was Triapus tba 
lafcivious and obfcene deity ; tor that 
the Jews werfliipped him after the fame 
manner, that the Oreelis werfliipped Tri" 
apus by committing fornication in his 
temple. And this deity was chiefly wor- 
lhipped by women, and therefore he was 
named the God of women. 

BAA'LZEBUB [ :nnt-?V3« ^^' 
BauL\ f tCi/yS, Gr, t. e. the lord of fiiesj 
was the God of Ekron, a city of the Phi' 
liftines. Some have been of opinion that 
the Ifraelites gave him this name ; be* 
caufe in the performance of facrifices that 
were offered unto him, his priefts were 
crmenced with fwarmsof flies; where- 
as feveral of the learned JewiJh rabbles 
fay, and Scaliger from them, there was 
not a fly to be feen in performing the 
facrifices to the erne God. 

BA'BEL [7^2 H^*- '•'• confufion] a 
huge tower mthe lind of Sbinar in Me- 
fopotaimatitxd to have been built $1^6 
paces high, havmg an equal bafis s the 
paflage was round the fide, and bad many 
aparsments and room* foi people, cat- 

Digitized by VjOOQ IC 

B A 

fle» borfes, carts, \ffc» inclofed within 
it. Tne hands ot all or moft of the in. 
babUanrs oi the err.h were employed 
in it after the flood, before they were 
fepara:edi fnpr^ofed lo be begun by the 
Order oi Nimrod, to fecure xhem agaioft 
a fecond flood. It was render'd famous 
upon the account of the confufion of 
lan^Hsges, which caufed them to defift 
from their attempts. 

To BA'BBL£ [babilUr^ F.] to prate or 
calk tooliOily. 
BA'BBLE [babih F]fimp1e talk. 
BA'BBL EH [un bab'Ulard'] a prater, ^C, 
BA'BBLER, an enerr.y to good manners, 
and a profane perfou [Hierqglypbicalfy] 
was reprefeaied by a gruiuin^ hog, the 
filthy difpofition of which cauied it 
CO be hited by all the eaftern people, 
infomoch that it was a great crime for 
fome priefts who waited upon the altars 
of their gods, to touch a h^g. 

BA'BYLON, anciently the metropolis 
of Chaldxa, founded either by Nimrod or 
Belui, and by Ninus and Szmrams im- 
proved io as to be accoanted one of the 
i'even wonders of the world for its ex- 
craordiniry walls and gardens. The ri- 
ver ^Mp^rtfffi ran throtgh the mirfdleof 
the city, the two fhores being joined by 
a bridge of ftupcndous archit^Sure : fome 
authors wricet that the city, when in 
its greateft grandeur, wss in compaTs 46 
milss. The walls x^cre built by queen 
Smiramis To large and high, that Ibme 
write they were ico, others 250, and 
others 300 feet hi^ h ; but the moft com- 
mon received meafuVe is, ihtt they uere 
fifty cubits high, and fo broad that three 
chariots mi{2ht go upon them without 
danger. Diodotus Siculus writes, that 
they were 300 or 550 ItaJLa in com- 
pifs, that IS, ab^ve tN^enty two EngHJh 
miles, and fivefttuia high, having plea- 
fant gardens on ihem. 

BA'CA, a hook 01 Link of iron, Old 

BACCA'TBD 'taccdtus, 1.] befec with 
pearls, alio having many berries. 

BACCHANA'Ll A, a leftival in honour 
of BaccbuSf celebrated with much fo- 
lemnity by the ancient Greelts and Ro- 
mans i thefe feafts were alfo called Orgya 
of 'Ofyh fury or transport, by reafon of 
the madnefs and enthufiafm that the peo 
pie feemed to be poflefs'd with' at the 
lime oi their celebration. 

BACCHA'NTBSl the pricftefles and 
Ba'CCHANALS r priefts of Bacchus^ 
who celebrated his tellivals with cym- 
ba 8, drums, timbrels, noife and fliouts, 
running about fn a frantick manner, 
frowned wiUj ivy, yioc-iwigs, Jsrc. and 

B A 

carrying in their hands a tbyrixs oc I 
wreathed with the fame plints, X. 

BAOCHaR [ Botany ] the herb La 
gloves, L, 

BA'CCHARACH? [q. BMxbi an 

BACCHARAG jTe. the altar of A 
cbusj a fmail town in the lower pal 
note on the Rbine, about twenty f 
miles weft ot Mctz, famous forexell< 
wines catl'd by that name. 

BA'CCHUSi fome derive Boccbus 
^^t a fon, and \\T^t Cbus, f . d. 
Ton of Cbus, and fo they will have 
that Bacchus and Nimrod are the fame p 
Tons i. but (according to the Heathen tl 
ogony, he was the Ton oi Jupiter^ i 
the nymph Scmele. The poets relate tl 
Juno being acquainted with the amo 
of her husband Jupiter, out of revei 
to the rival ol her bed, difguis*d h 
felf, and came to Semele in the form a 
habit of an old woman, telling her t 
it was for her honour, that JufH 
ftiould vific Ker in the fame m 
ner that he did his wife Jma, r. 
in his glory and mijefty with his .tbi 
derbolts in his band, ac^vifing her 1 
next time he came to defire the fav< 
of him. She did ^o^ Jstpiter granted 1 
requeft, but it prov'd tatal to her, 
being kiil'd by that means according to^ 
no*s defire. But Jupiter immediately 
parated the child from his dead n 
ther, and infeited him into his thi; 
do'ng thereby the office of a mod 
(ill the time was expired that 
fliould be born, and then committed h 
CO Sitcnus and the nymphs, to be brooj 
up by them, or, as others fay, to Cen 
for which good fervice they are fahl 
to have been received up^ into beav 
and to have been turnd in:o the ft 
ca'led Header ^ 

Hs is faid to have been the invi 
tor of the ufe of wine, which hegivi 
the Indians to drink^they a: firft thouj 
he had given them poifon, becaufe it 1 
only made them drunk, but mad tpo,^ 

He was ufually painted with a mi 
upon his head, or a gailand of roies, 
elfe with a bald pace, which was to 
(imate the efFe& of the ex<efs of wi 
In the one hand he held a fickle, in 1 
other a pitcher i he was always repreA 
ed young, becaufe the moderate ufe 
wine warms t) e blood and keeps I 
body io a youthful ftrecgth and coienr. 

His chariot was drawn by tygers, 
habit was the skin of a deer, his fc 
ter was a laace adorn'd with bnod 
of ivy, and of vine. 

His temple was next to that of W 

Mf, the iMCOt of which was tdiatinv 

.... j^, 

Digitized by VnOOglC 

Wrfcfii wine is co reviTe the ii>irlrs, 
•i£& de faory in lavemFon i 9ni for 
in tofei (he andems faaificed the 
^•i|^ed dragon co bzm i and the 
dttsf Dflgpye was alfo coD&craced 
•Aee, tectiM wioe makes perfops prate. 
Vm tis expedition to ^/^ it is re- 
f«^, tkit men were facrificed to him ; 
liise tbt be was content with other 
fate', ihey oSeriog to him alTo afles 
iBriiatis, iob:imate that thofe that are 
per? vine make themrelves/orf(/Z» as 
4iy<^^UifQvious ts ^oatt. The fa- 
cafe were i/aaJly periorroed to Bac- 
flHia c&e erening, and ^ t night ; the rea- 
^c^viockctftomiieems to be, that he 
(^k ii reported) carried a torch before 
f^iafiu, when (be was conduded to be 

fi piefts were either fatyrt or wo- 
BKi, inafe women are faid to have 
feSsiei kim in greac companies in his 
Bi^ajtqg, fing^g and dancing con- 
*>ii^, tad rbey were called BacciHmalt, 
te' o^ hiry and madnefs. 

Tk{ietteft folemnities ohferv'd to 
War, were the Orgya [of o;ai, Gr. 
*n»^rt of anger] bccauie their frau- 
tt voQeo afed to doath themfelves 
nhiiBj of t^ers or panthers, and run 
J«<i»D wich lighted torches in their 
ni^ilQrhair hanging down about their 
■•ttw, ftonting cut, Eu Hoe, Evan, 
■Av* Rtccbe^ which fignifies good fon. 

Tin aune it faid to have been given 
nKikkr Jtifiter^ becaufeinthe war 
^t^ GuaOii he, in the form of a 
^at rioleatly upon the firft and tore 

^ 9Kb ef the poets Baccbut is faid 
*KthiL He whom the Laths call 
2^1 tad the Qreelj Diairfius^ and the 
Vm Ofiris, was a king of Nifa in Ara- 
P ft g, who unght the people of that, 
T^ leigbboariog countries, the way 
JjWaf Tiacs, and prefeiviog bees, 
•fwtmorher ofeful arts, made feve- 

^bbODoqrof him, the Greeks in- 

^.fcfcrtl feftival days, of which 

9^ was the Trieteria, Apaturlay 

••» *d Xfiutf, in the beginning of 

Jii^ that he might blefs the vines. 

^%i«i alfo inftituted ihc Jfi0lia 

nfce) in hooonr of Baccbus, ac that 

*^ carried the ftatues. The an- 

la» paiaced Baccbus with fliort 

liQded hiir, with a leopard's skin 

^orioagreeo mantle, with a red 

''» fell face, and a wreaih of fine- 

idiouthis cemples. 

B A 

BACCl'NIUM, a bafin. Old Records. 

BACCI'LLl [ with Pbyftcictns J meJi" 
cines ot a cylindrical figure like a ftick* 
long, round lozfnges. 

BA'CHHLORSHIP Ibaccalaurenty F. 
baccalatsreatus, X-] the eftace or conditi- 
on of a man never married. 

BACI'NA. See Baccimum. 

BA'CCIFER 1 [with Botanifis] which 

BACCI'FERA f bears bei rics. JL 

BACCl'FERiET^rwith Botanifis j bcar- 

BACCI'FERI J ing berries. 1. 

BACK, feems to be the fame with 
15 ec, in Dutch 15t\t^ a brook or rivu- 
let, and fo it is dill ufed in the north of 

To BACK a Horfe^ to mount or ride 

To BACK a Terfon or Defign, to afllft, 
fupport, abet, and fuftain the perfon that 
undertakes it. 

BACK BEAR [in Fbrefl law] one of 
the four cafes wherein a foiefter may 
arrefl any oflfender againft vert and veni* 
fon, when he is found bearing it on his 

BACK STAFF 7 [In Navigation] 

BACK QUADRANT j an fnftrumcnc 
hjihe* French^ called the Englijfh quadrant, 
invented by captain Davit : being the (im- 
pleft and exa&cft inftrumenc hitherto in- 
vented for taking the fun's zenith diftancc 
at Tea, by the helpof^vhich the altitude 
is prefently known. 

It conGfts of two arches, the arch x 
of the lead radius contains 6o degrees, 
and that of y having the Urged radius 
contains three degrees. It has alfo three 
vanes i the vane at b h called the horizon 
vane, that at S the fliadow vane, and the 
vane at B is called the fight vane. 

BA'CKWARD 1 [bjcnepb, Sax,'] 
BA'CKWARDS J on, at, or towards 

the back parts alfo unwilling, loath to. 
BA'CKWARDNESS [bacpearbneyye, 

SaxA an unieadincf* or uuwilUngoefs s 

Digitized by 


B A 

tlfo t defediveoefs ia proficieocjr in any 

BA'CTILE Hof bactdum, L> a ftick] a 

^ BA'CULUS Divinatorius [i. e, a divi* 
ning lUff or rod] a branch of hazsl-cree 
forked and ufcj for the difcovery of mioes, 
ipjings. Jgrc. 

KAG [in Traffick'] a pirricular quanti- 
ty of f3ine fort of commodities, as ot 
pepper from i to 3 hu'idrcd weight, Jjfc 

BA'GA lOld Jjm Records] a bag or 

BA'GAVHL 1 [ with the citizens 

BETHU'GAVELJ of Exeter- a cer- 
tain tribute or toll granted to the citizens 
upon all manner of wares brought to chai 
city CO be fold, cowards tbc piving of the 
ftreets, repairing of the walls, and main- 
tenance of theciry. 

BA'GGAGE [of carrying a bag or knap- 
fackj a foldier's rruU ; a camp-whore j 
alfo a forry wcn"h. 

BAGUE'TTE [with Arcb'it,'] a fmill, 
round moulding lefs than an aftragal^ fome- 
times carTed and inriched with foliages, 
ribbands, laurels, Jjrc. 

BAHA'DUM, a chefl or coffer. Old 

BAIL [in a Forefi'i a limit or bound, 
according as a foreli is divided into the 
particular ch Arises of fever a 1 torefters. 

BAILLE'E [in Lati] the perfon to whom 
the goods of aperlon bailed are delivered. 

BAi'LLOR [in Laip] the party who 
delivers lu*.h i;oods. 

BAI'RAM [among-the TUris'J a feftl- 
val which they celebrate a:ier the fit ft of 
JtamoT^an for rhiee days together, in which 
no work is done; but prefenrs are fenr 
from one to another with manifeftactons 
of joy. 

At the celebration of chefe feafts after 
numerous ceremonies, or ra;her ftrange 
mimickeries in their mofqiies, they con- 
clude with a folemn prayer againft che 
in&dels, to root out chridian princes, or 
to arm them one againft another, that 
they may extend the bounds of the ob> 
fervacion of their law. 

BAl'VA, a deity of the Laplanders, 
which fome take co be the iun, and 
others the lire) being worshipped as the 
lord of light and heat. 

lfl?ite BA'KERS, this company is of 
great antiquity: Thev 
were a company the j(t 
of Edwsrd 11. had a 
new charter x yenry 
VII. confirmed by Hen- 
ry VIII. and Edward 
VI, queen Afiiry, queen 
Elizahetbt king James. | 
Their armi are fuks^ < 

B A 

three garbs or^on a ch?ef, an arm iflui 
otic of a cloud proper, holding a pair 
fcales or, between three garbes of t 

Brovn BAKERS were 
ihcorporaced the igrh 
of king James I* Their 
arms are gulcst a hand 
iflfuing out of the clouds 
proper, holding a pair 
of balance, an anchor 
in a chief, barry wavy 
or and azure on a che- 
▼eron gules, between three garbes. 

BAKER [of bacian, Sax.} a maker 

BALA'NATED [balanatus, L.] inoic 
ed with the oil of ben. 

BA'LANCE 1 [probably of hilan 

BA'LLANCB j i. or balance^ F.] o\ 
of the fix fimple powers in Aiecbanicl 
ufed principally for determining the eqw 
t'ty or difference of weigh c in heavy b 
dies ; they are of feveral forms, as leak 
fteel yards, Jjfc. 

BALANCE "I [with Aftronomers'] ca 

BALLANCE f led io Latin Lilra, 
which this t2s is the charaderiftick, 
one of the i% figns of the Zodiack, ini 
which the fun enters at the auiumna^ eqa 
nox in September', the conftellation co: 
fiffs of 8 ttars repreiented on a globe I: 
the form of a balance or pair of fcales. 

BALANCE [of the Air'] the weigl 
of that fluid, whereby, according to i 
known property, it prefTeth where ic i 
leaft refilled, till it is equally adjuftc 
in alj parrs, 

BALANCE [of Trade] is che difi 
rence or excefs octween che value of con 
modifies imported from foreign countrie 
and the value of ihofe of our own narti 
produdion experted :o ihofe countries. 

To BA'LANCE [balancer, F.] to poii 
or make even weight; to make an accoui 
even j alfo to confider or we gh ir srAtu 

BALANCE ofaH^atcb, 8cc> that pai 
of it that by its motion regulates an 
determines the beats. 

BALANCE [in Mercbants Accemts'J at 
when a debtor and creditor are mad 

BALANrNE Ibalaninus, X.] of ck 
fruit of the oak. 

BALANITES l0nL\AfirMe, GrJ a pre 
ciotts done, greentfli, and ibmewbac le 
fembliag Corintbiau brafs. 

BALANinrES [of /UKtttQ^, Or;} i 
kind of round cheinuts. • 

BALA'NOS [0a\dyQ* of THH^ 
Heb, i. r. of an oak] a kind oP moft o 
acorn j any fruits which have round beadi 
u a walnot^ UfC. 

Digitized by VnOOQlC 

B A 


KMR [with Pbff] t fappofitory 
Bihcfttpeof ao Korn, for looiening 
IcWy. I. 

UUMDS Iwith Autamifis) thenm 
liAejvJ oft jnao or the cUcoris of a 

1«B. I. 

mkfk ailed fict j tmc others cake it 

.iAU'SSius, tbe BaUfs rub/, a pre- 
■■« ftneof t fiinr red colour. 

iltiTJcyNES IhaUtroMS^ Hon] an 
■)t»B>«egiren to wicked and lewd 
Jfes, fron Jm«£rja Balatro^ a de- 
■Ji fiben^BB, whence probably the 
**l kare ^rived their Tokroon. 

«*UDYTR7M fi&iMioVw, GrJ the 
2* mriQt(e.flower or the tree it- 
■■ L 

lUil^j'nATB fiBalbutiatwn, L. 
•i«Kttfpeaking. "^ 

IJwnES, ftammering fpeecfa. 1. 

UIJ) [baft), 5ix. probably of HU 
rf^-. ^0' JMrv rather cbooTes to 
«« B rf liH, r^ar. quick s becaufe 
*«» treprooe lo boldnefs. Jyj.] ha- 
JJI» feiir OD the head, ^c. it alfo 
JfciWd, the iame as the latm au- 
■'••'is ftillfoafed in the northern 
g?of fit^^toKf, and thence comes 
f"*. wd bjr jranfpofition Winbald, 

JTOACUM 1 [with ^IreWf^arl an 
*f2^DIN f ediiice or piece of 

Mb the fljape of a canopy or 
2* ^FP<»rted by fcveral pillars, as a 
T*^ oJ to tltar ; alfo a canopy car- 
r "^ d» hoft by the Zmmifisi 
h£ "'^ " " ^"'0^ * *«" over 

■»t»NES$ [baltonejrje, Sax,-] not 
yy; «Ub in regard to fpeech, on- 

^JUftmong Bricltldjienl a great 

■J»Wai u ofed in butldtng; alfo a 

lui '' *'^'' *** out-hoafe or bam. 

^l^>F.l a publick danciif 

t^ [ui BerdUry] a common bear- 
3l*Jki of arms; bat always by he- 
i^2J^ other names, according to 
^•jw colours, as ogrefles, be- 
JJW gwes, hurts, peUecs, plates, 
rrj' *o%es, torteanres i which fee 
uS'^' places. 

Ilt;^|. [&<<tf. F.] t reus. 

J5f*f*«>' fof /«XJu», Gr. to 
2|l! "> -^ * 'x^i (Iw Oiag booe. 


BArLLISTBKS [in a Cbufchl to b^ 

clofure of pillars, which rails in the coo- 
monion table. 

BALLI'STICKS [of hiOHfid^ X. crofi. 
iK>ws or eneines for cafting javelins, great 
ftones, ]5c.J the arc of making foch en- 

BALLI'VA [Old Deeds] a whole conn, 
ty ooder the jurilHidion A a therffl ; alfo 
a hundred with refped to the chief con- 
ftabla ; or a manor, with refped to the 

BAXLIUM, a fort of fortreft or buW 


BA'tLOTA? [iSixXs'ri^, Gr.] tbe herb 

BA'LLOTE I Stinking Hore-hound. JU 

BA'LLUSTRADB, a row of baUifteis 

or fmall turned pillars, of foch a height 

as a man may lean his elbow npon them i 

fixed npon a terrace walk or top of a build* 

ing to divide it into two or more fepa* 

rate, osrrs. 

BA'LNEAKY Itaiaearius, /.] belonc^, 
ing to baths, ^c. 

BALNEAlrORY [babieatmus^ £.]be. 
longing CO a bath or ftove. 

BA'LSAM [in Tbarmacy] certain li- 
quors extrafted or drawn from gums and 
rofiny fubllances, as nenrous baliam, iaa* 
tick balfam. 

Afopuaick BALSAM, a fweec-fcented 
fpirituous fubftance of the confifteiice of 
an ointment, a perfume. 

BA'LSAMATED IbalfimatuSt X] f 
nointed with balfam. 
BALSAMB'LLA 1 fof fiiCXjfAfxw, Gr,l 
BALSA'MINA | the herb of which 
balfam is made. 

BALSA'MINA Mas [with Botmftsl 
the male balfam-appls. X. 

BALSA'MINA Aon/W [with Botaniftsl 
the female balfam- apple. X. 

BALSA'MITA iBototjf] the herb Coft« 

BA'LSAMUM [jU}M/u9y,Gr. of Sw!! 
mU. ^'] Che balfiim or balm-cfeS; 
br the juice that drops from it, that ia 
of a moft fragrant fcenc. X. 

BALSA'MITOR, an herb, fo named o£ 
Irs balfamick fmell. 

BAM, at the beginning of the names 
of places in Great Britain^ denotes the 
quality oi the place that is etcher now 
or formerly was woody, from the &zm 
beam, which fignifies a p7ece of timber, 
as Bamfieldf BMdrtldge^ Bamht^. 

BA'MMA (VC«AV**, Gr.J a tinfture 
or dyt i alfo a liquor in which any thing 
is dipped or ibaked. X* 

BAND [Banb, S^x.] an ornament or 
dotthing lor the neck, 

To BAND [Ban\9en, Sax,] to bandy, 
to gather into or coofpire with a fac- ' 
tioxb HbtM 


JS^i BANDS [vich Guunefs] hoops oF 
iron bindiae cbe nave of a gua-carruge 
•t bocii ends. 

BAND, any pieee of ftuff cue long and 
narrow, aa the fwarch bands for in- 

ARRIBRB Ban. See Arriere* 

BA'NDBLBT [with Arclntea*^ any line 

or fiat moulding, as chat which crowns 

the Vofick architrave ; it eocompafTes a 

pillar quite round about like a ring, is 

freacer than a lift, but lels than a pUt- 

BANDOG [of hand and dog] ft di 
Irept ia a baad or chain $ aifo a maft 
or houfe-dogs alfo a dog for baiting 
bulls, bears, }gc* 

BANDcyRA £9rtt»/irepe*Gr.] a kind of 
nnfical inftrument with firings. 

BA'NBFUL, poifonous, dtftraStvrt, 

BA'NBFULNBSS, poifonovfnels, de- 

The BA'NNBR I of Mother Church ] 
was a crois given to a felon or murderer, 
who having recovered a church or church- 
yard before he was apprehended, could 
not be taken out thence to take his trial 
mt law, but having confefled his crime 
before the juftice or coroner, and abjured 
the kingdom, was to carry this crofs in 
bis hand through the highways till he 
%ras got oyt of the king's dominion s 
but this privilege and the ufe of fan^lua- 
ties was taken away in the zitk of king 
Jdmet r. 

BANNIANS [a name which in the Jk- 
dim language fignifies hmocttit p^ple^ and 
mthout guilej a religious ftGt among the 
Jbdiaast who believe a uanfmi^racion of 
fouls, and therefore eat no living crea- 
ture, nor will kill even noxious animals; 
they are fo cautious of having commu- 
nication with other nations, that if one 
of a difierent religion has drank out of 
or touched their cup, they break it. If 
one of themfelves happens to touch an- 
other, they wafli and purify themfelves 
before they eat or driiik. or enter into 
their houfes : they wear about their necks 
1 ftooe called Titmberdu, about the bi'gnefs 
of an egp, which is perforated, and has 
three ftrings run in it ; this flone, they 
£iy, reprefents their ^reac god, and upon 
this account the Indians ihew them very 
creat refped. 

•BANNIATUS foris [Old XUcJ one ju- 
dicially bani(h'd or outlaw'd. 

BA'NQUET [in F&rtification'] a foot- 
bank of earth about the height of a 
foot and a half, and three broad, rai- 
led at ihe rampart at the foot of the 
parapet for the foldieis co mount oti to 
fire over. 


lAMQTJBT [of a BridieJ is thftc fins 
part of the branch of a bridle chat 
under the eye, which is rounded like 
fmall rod, and gathers and joins the e: 
tremities of a^ bit to the branch, fo rhi 
the banquet is not icen, but is cover< 
by the cap, or that part of the bit tbi 
U next the branch. 

^ BANQUET LINE [of a BridleJ is i 
imaginary line drawn by bit- makers i 
long in torm of a bit, and prolonged u| 
wards and downwards to adjuft the 4i 
figned force or weakness of a branchy i 
order to make it ftiffor ea/y. 

A BA'NTBR, a jeering, a rattying h 
way of diverfion, ^, 

BA'NSTICKLB, afmaUfiflt, called 

BAPTISM [in Sea language^ is a a 
remony perform'd in merchants (brpi 
which pais the tropick or line for th 
firft time, both upon ibips and men. Th 
Baptifm of flsips, is only the walbia 
them throuehout in fea-wacer. 

The Bapti/m of paffengers is performe 
with many ceremonies s hue in perform 
Ing either of them, the ihifs crew ar 
generally made drunk, for the failors pre 
tend to a cuftomary right to cut oa th 
beak-head of the lliip, unlefs the captai 
or mafter redeem it. 

The ceremonv is as follows : The eld 
eft of the ihip s crew, who has pafs* 
the line or tropick, having drefled him 
felf fantaflically, with a grotefque cap o 
his head, his Uce black'd, comes carrytni 
in his hand a waggoner or fome othe 
fea-booj:, followed by the reft of the fat 
lors difguifed like himfelf, each of then 
bearing in his hand fome kitchen-utenfi] 
with drums beatii^ ; the leader place 
himfelf very gravely on a feat prepare 
on the decks, at the foot of the maia 
maft ; and each iailor or paflenger fwear 
before this antick magiftrare, that he wiJ 
foe that this ceremony be performei 
whenever it comes to his turn. Thu 
failors are commonly heartily drencha 
with whole buckets of water poured tip 
on them ; but palTengers and thofe th^ 
will give a little money, are more ia 
vourably treated, being only /prinklei 
with a little water s Ihip boys are com 
monly put Into a caige and drench'd ai 
difcretion, and are afterwards obliged cc 
whip one another^ which they ufually d< 
very fmartly, 

BAR [in Heraldry] one of 
the honourable members of 
a coat of arms, which is di- 
vided by it into two equal 
parts ; it goes crofs the ef- 
cutchtoa like the fcfs, but 

Digitized by VnOOQlC 




BAR CEMEL [m Bgral 

irf\ is double fa«r or btrs 
that fiand bf couplet, as in 
Che figure aooezdd. 

lUriB VkrOiiil is tlfo t fifli caSed 

r« lii ffiebi [with Ktrrierti] U to 
kkkot open it aboYe the skio, aod 
ifa s hu beea dxfeiinged, aad tied 
dm ad below, to ilnke between the 


J^mfcdnftbtBAK TwixhHarfe' 
Mil is when a borfe is ftaading ia a 
w, etagyci his legs upon ibe par- 
mhtt tk» is pltced to iepartte two 

. Ic^BU [in Ijv] is tbtt wbich 
iwetim oT&iary, a^d falls out io the 
ofc a kiad opoD fome fpedal drcani' 
btzcftbe fia. 

iU [k§ vora] a reck Ijiog before t 
Mair,that liipt canoot fail over but 

liUHA, a fort of balfsm brought 

UlULOTS, a fea of bereticks at 
Mfv m Jta^, ^ho bid all tbiiigs in 
'"■■n, tnn their wives and chil- 

JOANGS [imong tbe Grefli of the 
^fiiyirr] officers who ftood at the 
y rf tte emperor's bed-chamber and 
n*'30ai, trmed with exes i othei s 
2« *^ were officers who kept the 
y " A« gates of the dry where 
** Hferor reBded, and fuppoie they 
^£f<tftavii, who were fo called 
'He Ugffib wofd to ^4r, i. e. to ibut 

2^111, a beardy the hury part of the 

^^^k csprma^ to herb, the flowers 
■*bkk iefemb;e the beard of a goat. Z. 
JjBA 7owj f i. e. Jupitefs-hard] 
■-•AfcnjreaD or Houileek. X. 
JtUCAN (barbacmte, Ital.] a ea- 
■•flpBBiag left in a wall for water 
f^ ii aod go out at, when boild- 
2^f5«M in pUces liable to be 
r^^t or to drain the water off a 

JIJ^AN [io M^ntaty Afairs'S an 
Jjw^cleii, made in the walls of 
|*<«fonids to fire upon the e- 

^M'A Jfioumy] Rochet or Win- 

JJI^ARY Fstcons^ a kind of hawks 
2^ taken in Bdrhary^ they making 
*f^ (krot^ Uttt coiiuciy > (his 

B A 

I Urd IS left dian the Tiereei-geitk^ .fcui 
very bold} it is plumed with redundef 
the wings, and is armed with long talooa 
land ftretchers. 

BARBB, the armour of the horfes of 
the andent knights and fbldieie who wer« 
accouter'd at all points. 

BARBfi'B [in Haaldryl 
as cmx hoMf^ i . e, harhed- 
mfs, being at the eztremi- 
mities like the barbed- irons 
chat are ufed for ftriking 
fiib, or other weapons orin- 
ftittments commonly called barbed^ whlc^ 
beiz^ finick into any thing cannot ba 
drawn one again, without cutting a hol« 
to make a pa(&ge for the beards, as ia 
Che figure. 

BAR BE Rohert iCbokerf'} a particular 
way of dreffing hog*s>ears. 

BARBS, a Tort of armour for hor- 
fes, which covered the neck, breaft and 

BARBES [with Huskudmen] a diflem* 
per in black cattle, known by a fupcr* • 
fluons piece of fleA on their tongues, 
which itometimes hinders them from eu- 
ing their meat. 

BARBED 4aid CRBSTEI> [in i&ftfl- 
dn2 is in pkun £1^^ wattled and comb- 
ed, and fignifies the combs and gills of% 
cock when particularized for being of % 
different tindnre from the body. 
BARBER Cbirmgemu. 
They were incorpora- 
ted by king Edv^rd IV. 
but confiimed by moft 
kipgs and queens fince 
with enUrgemenu. 
Their arms are a crofs 
quartered ^u/fs, a lion 
paflant, gardant otf in 
the firft quarter a chevron between thxee, 
in the fecond ^^irty per pale argent jff 
vertf a rofe crown'd with an imperial 
crown, the firft as the fourthj the lecond 
as the third. 

BARBI'CEROUS Ibarbger^ F] beard- 
ed, or wearing a beard. 

BA'RBICANAGE [OJdR^.} money 
given for the mabtenance of a barbkam 
or watch'tower. 

BARBOTI^NB [in Medicine'] a grain, 
otherwife called Worm-feed. 

BARCOANA 1 [with BotanifisJ chO 

BARDANA J P^^nt Burdock. X. 

BARDS [in Cookery] are thin broad 
flices of bacon, with which capons pul- 
lets, ^C' are covered, in order to b^ 
roafted, baked or flewed, ^c. 

BARDE'LLB [with Horlimenl a fort 
of faddle made m the il.ape of a great 
iaddlCi to only of cloth Huffed with 


Digitized by VnOOglC 


B A 

Araw, ta6 eyed tight down with |Mck- 
thread, wicbouc etcher weod, lead or iron. 

BA'RDOUS iBardiu, X.] blockifli,f6o 
lift, ftupid. 

BA'RBNfiSS [of abajiian,&ci:. to make 
bare] the being bare or naked. 

BA'RNABITES, a feft of religious or 
ffgolar priefts of the congregation of St. 
Fidi their office is co ioiftrud, cace> 
chife and ferve in millions. 

BA'RNACLB [with Mar'tnersJ « long 
red worm in the fea that will eat thro' 
the planks of a ihip it ic be not flieathed. 

BARCycO [with Logicians^ one of 
the barbarous words by which ihey ex. 
prefs the fyllogiftick mood, and iil this 
mood the firft proportion muft always 
be an univerfal affirmative, and the o- 
. thers particular and oegaiiTe, and the 
middle term the* attribute to the two 

TBR [i8*c^/Kf- 

Tg^F, Ot /id^t 

ftrumenc for cf- 
timating the 
weight or pil- 
lar of the at- 
mofphere, and 
the feveral mi- 
nute variations 
of the weight 
of that pillar > 
by which vari- 
ations the va- 
rious changes of 
the weather 
are determined. 
The firft in. 
ventor of it 
was Torricelii, 
at Florence in 
i64B> irom 
wi cnce father 
brought it into 
Fjrance the year 
J 644, andAfofi- 
fieur Pafibai 
tried it in i6t\6, 
and gave a j ac- 
count of it in a piere printed in 1647 } 
the ufes of this xnftrument are to difco 
▼er the gravitation of the incumbent at- 
mofphere (one of the nobleft philofophi- 
cal difcoveries) the changes of the wea- 
ther, yc* 

The mechanifm of the Barometer h as 
follows: A glafs tube AB, hermetically 

B A 

fealM in A9 having its diameter abom 
one tenth of an inch, and its length a: 
lead S3 inches, is filled with mercury ic 
juftly, as not to have any air over ic 
nor any bubbles adhering to the fides o 
the tube, which is beft done by means Or 
a glafs funnel, with a capillary tube 
the orifice of the tube, filled after chi: 
manner, fo as to overflow, is c\o€sly 
preflTed by the finger, fo as to exclude 
any air betwixt it and the mercury, anc 
thus immerged in a wooden veflel of a 
convenient diameter, fo however as not 
to touch the bottom : at the diftance 
28 inches irom the furface of the Mercu- 
ry, are fix'd two plates, CE, and I^F, 
divided into 2 inches, and thefe again 
fubdivided into any number of finuler 
parts : laftly, the tube is inclofed in a 
wooden frame, to prevent its being broke, 
and the bafon open, tho' fecured from 

Many attempts have been made to r^i. 
der the changes in the Barometer more 
(enfible, and fo to meafure the atmo* 
fphere moie accurately) which has given 
rife to a great number of Barometers af 
diflerent ftrudures. Hence comes the 
IVbeel Barometer t Diagonal Barometer^ 
Horhumtical Barometer^ Pendant Baro^ 
meter, \sfc. 

A Marine BAROMETER, beii^ only a 
double Thermometer for conveniency ac 
Tea. See Thermometer, 

Obfervatimu for the ufe of the Ba- 

X. The motion of the mercury in the 
tube does not exceed 3 inches in its ri- 
fing and falling. 

2. The rifing of the mercury^ generally 
prefages hit weaiher, and its falling 
foul > as rain, fnom, high winds axKl 

3. The falling of the mercury in rery 
hoc weather prefages thunder* 

4. The rifing of the mercury in win- 
tcr, foreftews froft ; and if the mercury 
falls 3 or 4 diviGons in frofty weaiher. 
a thaw will certainly follow > but if the 
mercury rifes in a continued firoft, fno^xr 
will follow- 

S If foon after the falling of the mer- 
cury foul weather enfues, there will be 
but little of it ) and on the coniraj y, 
if the weather proves fair iboo after the 
mercury has rifen, the fame will hap- 

6. If the mercury rife much and high 
in foul weather, and continues fo for x 
or 3 days before the foul weather is o* 
ver, then continued fair weather will 

7. If 

Digitized by VjOOQ IC 

. ^ tf tlw irtftarf falis mudi ei^ Ibw in 
lb vcaihflr, hmi contiracf fo for i or 
) 4mn before (be rain ooaes, th6n you 
tti^afaft a rreat deal of wet, ami tc- 
ly jnteW/ ht^h wimis. 

L ii the nercorj be nnfettled I& its 
amkoi if d* oces uacenaiD aikil chtDge- 
iiif ^>esiMr* 

9. ift CO I he Worck tbtc tre graved 
■tt dK divi6oB> of. cbe inftnioieht, cho' 
iv tht Boft ftrc the elcentioos o£ th^ 
wUI ame WiCli cben, yec tbey 
fo ftri&ljr CO be niDded, is 10 
I aad taUiag of the mercury ac- 
. £o tlie tor^otDg ob<er?Bciors i 
Ik B cW neicary ftinds tt ntich rain, 
mk tbea riies op to ehlDgeablt, it then 
ia i a ^ w s fair weather, «Jtko«gh not 10 
OHBsea ib long at ic woold heire done 
a lie ■ercmy were bi^cj s fo places 
wkitk wtm mote northerly ba^e a ^eater 
daemiom of the rife or fall of the mer- 
tktaU ^hu tfo more fou 

vaoce for 
the apply- 
leg an in- 
dtx to the 

which in« 
dez ibews 
the varia- 
tion of the 
altitude ot 
the mercu- 
rial cyiin- 
ac nioft 
docs not 
exceed 3 

fcdfce. which nevcnhelefs tesf be made 
K<lie|iiiiliatilii as if it were 3 toot or 
3 Tarda, or « nrnch more as is dcfired ; 
ibtform of it is as here defcr'rbed. 

BVUUr of the ear [wiihjliutomilis] 
A ^|» cavlry behiiid the tympanum ot 
Che CK, 10 depth about three or lour 
fiao^k width tic or fix, cdVered with 
• ^ fiee membrane^ 00 Which are fd- 
wralfcbs and arteries. 

»MUtU.S of earth fin an Armfi a 
Wte^ half hoglheads filled with eartb, 
^i^k trr o^ed aa breeft-works for co- 
^fac$ tte foUiery s ^d alfo to breik 
fta lahton made in thh ditch ^ and alfo 
■» fti ifiro breachea. . 

B A 

Tlm^/}^ BARRFLSr [whh GttWimj 
barrels n ltd with bombs, granadoes, and 
orber fire* works, to be rolled dowii a 

BA'RRENNESS [of onbejienlo, Sax.^ 
onfruiifukfcis, a not bearing. 

BA'RREN SIGNS [ wi^h Aftrt^ogeft J 
rbe figns Cemim, Leg ind ^/rgo, fo called 
bectu^ drhen thb qtieftion iS ask^, whe- 
ther fuch a perfon (hall hate children ot 
not ? If ond of thofe hgni be upon the 
cafp, i>r firft point of the fifth houfe^ 
rhey take it for granted, that the perfda 
enquiring (hall have none. 

BARRICA'DOES [in re^uUr Fbrtifkd* 
thn] are trees cut with fix faces, and 
crofs'd with battoonft of the length of 
half pikes bound with iron at the feer; 
to be let up in paflSiges or breaches, to 
keep back either horfeorf^ot. 

BA'RRIERS [«njp= 
Firti^cation ] are 
great ftftkes fet up '^ 
about 10 foot di- 
stance One from an- 
other, andaV)ont 4 
or 5 foot high,)ha- 
ving tranfonis olr o- 
▼ertbwart rafters 10 
ft op fuch as wdhld violenly force cbeir 
way in. Thefe are ufually eie^ed in 
void fpaces between a ciiadel and the 
town, in half moons -nd othct works. 

BATlRlSTERS Tof Bar ii which they 
plead] are pleaders at the bar of a court 
of judicBinrei and arc ot two forts, ei-^, 
ther oMlvvrd or aff/Tj or ijiher. 

Outward BARRISTER 1 one who after 

Vttsr BARRISTER f long ftudy of 
the law, at kail feycn ye^ars, is called to 
publick pra&ice, and admitted w plec^p 
(landing with'^ot the b^r. 

TJwtfr BARRISTER, one who being t 
ferjcant at law, or c!fe an attorney of 
the king or prince', or any of the king's^. 
}ffc, council, are allow'd ouc of refpeft 
t9 plead wichiji the bar. 

BA'RROW bog^ a l^ar-hoi. 

Barrow [beajipc, Sax* a grevej 
whether it ,ftands ungly by itfclf,. or « 
added to tbe. name of a place, figniiiei 
fomcthirig relating to a grove % and fe- 
veral words beginning w^th bar:, fccm to 
have been anciently wriiic« barrow j fo 
that Barton fecms to be but a conrrac- 
tipQ o^ BarroW'towm^ ut* tfjtoam in or 
near a grovC' . . 

BARROW Ibcojlt, Arc.] a little hill 
or mount of earth, Tuch as are call up 
ID fever^l par.ts of En^^laad-, and ate fup^; 
poied to bN^ Hfiiikm buryiiig-pl»«cs; 


Digitized by VjOOQIC 

B A 

underftand it to be a ihieM 
divided cranfverfe inc« 4 or 
6, or more equal pares, aod 
coimftiog of two or more 
ttn^res intercbaogeaUy dif* 

^<ed; is in the figure. 

ratdrj] is a ibield equally 
divlckd toco 4, 6 or more e^ 
qual partSy by lines drawn 
iranfverre and diagonal, in- 
tefchan^eably Taryin^ the 

tindores of which it coofifts, as 10 the 

BARRY Pilj [in Beral- 
dry ] another particular 
way of blazoning or divi- 
ding a coat armour, which 
is to confift of fix Or 
more pieces, as is the er- 

BARS [in Horfes} the ridges or upper 
parts of the gums, between the under- 
truflies and the grinders. 

BA'RTON, a coon for keeping poultry s 
tlfo a backfide, outhoufe, ]^. 

BARTON [ in Deva^re^ and elfe- 
where] the demefne laud of a manonr, 
and rometimes the mattour<*houre itfelfi 
and alfo ottt-hdufes, fold yards and back- 

iA'KULBT [In Heral 
dry] is a 4th pan of the 
bar, or half ol the clofet, 
ii in the efoitcheom 

BitRYCOI'A [of ^pJ dully, aod dU», 
0r. to hear! a dulneis, thicknefs, hard- 
Aefs of beanng» 

BARYCO'CiKLON[with0or«R{/7i] thci 
tbam apple. 

BlRYPHONt'A [y0«/Mrt»Wd, er.] a 
difficulty of fpeaking. 

BAS, low, (halloa, mean. P. 

ftASA'LTES r^r-/xTiff,GrO a for< of 
marble of in iron colour, the hardeft 
bla k marble. 

^ASA'NITF.S [of fhrdrm^ Or. to «xa- 
mine diligently] a couchiione ' or whet- 

BASB [with Ounneti] the fmaliefl 
piece of ordnance 4 foot and a half l'>ng, 
ihe. diameter at the bore i inch i quar> 
ter; it weighs 103 pounds, carries a bail 
i inch 1 $th diameter, and 5 or 6 oiknc^ 

^ASB \ni ArcfntiQttre] the foot of a 
piI^r which fupports it, or that part 
whieh is under the body, and lies ppon 
iht imt or p^deftal; 

tksA dc^M [Ih Of^iks] U that prtfS 
ciTe diftaive from the pole of a convex 
glafs, in which tho objeds, which ard 
beheld through it, appear dliHiia, and 
well defined ; and is the fiune with whmt 
is called the Aou. 

B ASB Uhg [of a Camm] *a the kirga 
ring next to, aod )uft behind ths conch* 

BASB Thun \_Um term] is holding 
by villenaie ot other coitomary fervioe, 
in diftin&ion from 4b« hieher tenure iH 
capiUf or by military iervice* 

BASB, a fift, otherwiie called « SM^ 

wolf. y 

BASIAtlON, akiflioff^ Ij 

BA'SILICK (finciXiMi, Gr.l a Itrg^ 
hall having two ranges of pillara, mud 
two ifles or wings with galleries oret 
them. Theiii Bafilicks were at firft ma<ld 
for the. paliees of princes, and alcerward^ 
converted into couns of juftica^ and at lalk 
into churches { whence a hafiSck is. ge- 
nerally taken for a magnificent chordiy' 
as the bi^ci of St. Peter at Somt. 

BA'SILISK [fiatrixiaii^ of /9k#^ju 
XioV, Gr. a king] a kind of fc^rpent cal- 
led alfo a cockatrice, having' a whit^ 
fpot on the head, as a fort of.diamcmd 
or crown, that rolls > not himftif up id 
folds as others do, but bears his body e« 
red, as far as the middle } this ferpent 
is faid CO drive away all othera with hia 
hiffinp, to deflroy animals and fnura, ^e^ 
by his infe£Uous breath, co bttok hexW^ 
and to break ilones* 

A BASILISK, having the heaid and e^aa 
of a hawk [BiercgtypbicaUy} among tha 
ancient Egyptians wta ofed to repreiboc 
the providence of God, becaufe no ochei^ 
creature h fuller of fpiric ahd vigour* 
This creature is faid to kill at a diftaiic% 
only by fending out of its eyes a taartt 
poifon, which Ir conveys to the creacure 
wirh whom it is difpleafed. 

I^ASILISlCS were frequently placed hf 
the ancients ^n the prefence of their 
gods, either at their ket^ about tbei^ 
middle, or winding their tails about thei^ 
heads, as a fymbol of rheir immortali- 
ty, becauie this ferpeot is vfllry lonr* 
lived. ' 

BASILISK ilH^fio, 1^4/.] a long piectt 
of rirrfnancc. 

BA'SON [with Atiatamifii] ar(mndc«« 
vi y in the form of a tunnel, fituara be* 
cwixt the anterior veniricles ofrhebraiif» 
air« ending at The poim ot thtf glaiiiiml^ 

BASONS cfa Balance^ two pieces o€ 
brafs or other matter faflenea lo tbeex-* 
tremities oi xhp ilrffiga, ibt one .to bold 
the wf iaht. aad she othtr to ba weighed^ 


Digitized by VnOOQlC 

. BA 


liSIA ToMM [W Ditdt] bde tenure, 
ciUi^ bf viUcnige, or other cuftoma- 
if Ms, in diiKndion from dfM Temt' 
N^(kki|iMft tewre m Capiie^ i.f.iii 
<iiK.or%irtHttryfervic9, J^. 

USSO kOkvQ fin MMfamyt Cdrvhg, 
P^'b^]^ oxiemMeliefi or 
■Md vork, is wlieii onljr halT the bo. 
■sorliores are reprefented, or wheo 
dtverk b lo«r, flar» or bat a little 
Afed i as vhea a medal or coin has its 
%M or inpreft low, cbio, and hardly 
<^ii|Biiable from the plane, it is faid 
(te ik rcKef is low and weak ; but 
*^ itii aacb rtifed, the relief is faid 

USnnjSii, a mofical, wind inftnimenr, 
^^km form with the violini hue 

lAtTAAD [in I^or] one bom of a 

••■• tnansed, fo that the father is 
«fcw*ii by the order of the law. 

«TrAu>Y, an ioqinryy ezanuottton 
*nii St Jaw, whether one be a bafUrd 

^JUB [In Paris la ftaaceZ the 

U'mON [fa Fbrtificdtioni a mafscf 
mfaad fonetimes fac'd or lined with 
■* or brick, aod fometimes with fods, 
y*,yctaHy advances towards the 
■yjjp, the bounding lines of it b^ng 
?"»» two flanks, and two demi- 
Wt . Gf . 

BASTION \rmnificatioHj i 

f baftton hairing on- 






kir~"*"***5 lo tha 

i*J«r^s the center. 

itS?^^ 1 [in ifrcK/t Aire] the 

JjntxyH f hme as 7br»i, a round 

^•^tecorapaffing rhe bafe ot a pillar 

•^ite Plott^nd Che m 

fWON -^ [in HerOdrfJ does not 

y go irom ftdd to fide as 

r the bend or fcarf does, 

3 and IS in the form of a 

truncheon, and a note of 

baftardy, and ought not to 

be bom of any metal, un- 

I left by the baftards of prin- 

€es» nor oaght it to be re- 

^ ^ moved till three generati- 

^»fth which they bear the coat ar- 

J* ?f their iathert, and when they 

T^ K off, they mnft bear feme other 

^<i scoofdiog ts the king of arms thinks 

i!L** ^ »»y •Iw ^^ whole coat. 

/JTCHELOR, the oricinal of this 

2 " .■ttch controverted by critickss 

Icurel B«rt7y in allufion to the tncfeat 
cuftom of crowning poets with laurel, 
baccHUturi i others, dbdcutus or badUuf^ 
U a ftaff, becaufe (they fay) a ftaff was 
put into the hand of batchelors at their 
commencement, as a fymbol of their au- 
choricy, of their ftudies being finiflied» 
aiid of the liberty they were reftered to. 
Hence the tide of Batchefar rf Arts, 
DivmPf, Mikity yc. 

BATCHELOR, in ancient times, waf 
tVb a title ^iven to a young cavalier who 
had made his firft can^aign, and received 
the military girdl#* 

BATCHBLOR [of bacultu^ X. a ftafF] 
a title given to young military men od 
account that the voung cavaliers exerd* 
(td themselves with &St% and bucklers % 
hence thejf were called Baccyiares and 
BaaAarii^ in the time of king Bicbard lU 
by Odorick and ffa^afglfam. Hence 

BATCHBLORS oj Ams^ \was a title 
anciently given to thoie who came olF 
vidors in iheir firft enaagcment. 

BATCHBLOR [is by others derived of 
has chevaliers, F. f. d. knights of the 
lower ord^r] See iUiigbts Bacbehrs, 
in K. 

BATE [probably of beatTan, Sax, te 
beat 1 ft tiff , contention, as a Make-hate^ 
BATE'MBNT [in Carfenpy] the watte 
of a niece of ftoft in forming of it to «. 
defignM ufe. 

BATHMIS [withilBrftoifii^i] a bone, 
the fame as TrocUa $ a cavity in the bone 
of the arm or (boulder on each fide one^ 
that receives the procefs of the under. 
moft and lefler of the two bones of the 
cubit, when the whole hand is ftrecched 
out and bent. 

BATHYPrCRON [B0M19] broad^ 
Icav'd worm- wood. 

BA'TON [in Arcbk.'} a large ring or 
moulding in the bafe of a column^ ocher<» 
wife called the 7^e, 
BATON [in Wrafdry'] See Bt^on. 
BATRAGHl'TES [fictreftxirU, Gr,"] 
a ftone in colour aod Ihape nearly re- 
fembling a green frog. 

BATRA'CHIUM [of /e»'T^tji®*, Gr.J 
the Hower Crow-foot, Gold-knap or )(c\* 
low-craw. ' 

cboHVftrnmcbiay L, of 0a1c^x& ^ ^'^i* 
fitvf a mou(e, and /ta^x*» ^* * ^g^O ^be 
battle hetween the frogs and mice. 

8ATTAIL [in Common JLhip] an anci* 
ent trial hy combat which the defendant 
might chufe in an appeal of murder, 
romry or felony, in order to fight a du« 
el with theaccuier or appellant, to prove 
whether he was guilty or not. ThTs 
pmaict WM ieuodcd 00 th)| notion, Uiac 

,1. by Google 


If th^ aceufed perfon was guilc7»< ho wXAd 
be flab or overcome by cbe appellant* 
pttc if innocenr, doc s but this is pour 
yrhoUv laid afide J. 

BA*rrhLl IbatduUe, F,] the cngagc- 

BA'TTLfi r ««"' <»' general fight of 
^wo armies 

MAIN Battle IMilitaqf term] the 
jnain body of an .irmy. che lecood of the 
three lines, the Vim being the fir{(, an 
(he Rear or Refervt the rhtrd. 

BATTER [wiih Builders^ a ttrm uted 
fo fignify I hat a wall, a piece oi timber or 
the like does not ftand uprifihr bat leans 
Irom you- ward s but when it leans towards 
you, they fay it tverbangs or bangs over^ 

BA'TTERING JLms^ wcic uted by ihe 

eaqcichts before the inventi- 
on ot gun-powder, for bat- 
tering the walls ®f places b«- 
fieged. They were large 
beams ot timber with great 
Ixon horns like thofe of a ram at the end, 
ivhich were flui^ to a height proportiona* 
ble CO the wail to be batcer'd. To chat 
they could fwing forward and backward, 
yrbich vas done by ^k^ ^^^ firength of 
4 grear many men. 

^A'TTEIiY Mifier [in an Am^'} an 
pfHcer whofo bu<me(s it is to ffe to the 
raifing of batteries, which oiHce is now 
/iipprefTed in Etfglands but is Hill kept np 

BATTERY «9 rouage [Foriijic^t/ofl] a 
lattery uTed to difmounc (he enemy's 

BATTERY [in l4»] «n aft that tends 
^o the breach of the peace of the realm, 
by violently itriking or beating a man, 
i;7ho may therefore indi£l the other per- 
hfti to have the aftion of trefpafs, or af- 
lault and battery. 

BATTO'LOGIST [;8*TTi\oj^, Or.] 
4 vain babbler, 
' BATUS [Old Recardi'] a boat. 

IIAU'CU [ with Botamfts ] tha wild 

To BAUL5 llnoett^ «^«,] to croff , to 

BAW'DINESS, lewdoefs, obiceoe dif. 
Cawrfc or a£^ion. 

' BAY of7o\fis lAfcbit.'] the fpacc be- 
|wixc two beams. 

^ AY, a part of a barn ^t the epd where 
corn, Is'C. is hid } thos M a barn confifl 
ofatjooj^and two^heads where chfty lay 
<y>ru. they fi^y a ban of two JJ^wi. 

BAY^L, a forp of wcplleu cljth, having 
a long' nap fom(aiQes (uK^d on oae fi^e, 
^nd fometimes nor. > 

say;/ the making of Bdys^ ^Ofs^ Set- 
get, ^c. was brought into Sng'aad by 
^fi Flfimhui^ 7t^^ fled thithgr co |Toi4 


t3w iMribcndon of the Awkt^Ahd^ ^hcmi 
the 6fth of queen ElizaUtk, 

BE^ a prepoiicion conuooa to the 7>Xi 
foniCy Germaa* and Saxott^ Jgnp. lUftle^k 
alfoDow to the EjngHJh* 

Tcj BE fbeon, Sax.^ to cxift. 

BBaP Jrbeab» i>ax,] a prayer ; alfo a Ife 
tie r.)una ball of wjuch necklacea turt 

WM>'Ttee9 a certaia Anih bcunrini 
white berries, 

BEAK l\n ArgbiteBwe^ a Utde filioi 
left on the edge ot a larmier » whici] 
forms a canal, and makci a kind of pen< 

ck'm B6AK [in ArckiteSmt] a in(»a]<i- 
ing t^ e lame as the quaner rooodf exoQpc 
char its 'ituation is inverted* 

BBA^KED [in HtraUrj'] is a cem 
ufed to exprefs the bea^ or bill of a btr^ 
and when the beak and legs of a foularo 
of a different tin&ure irom the body, in 
blazoniDg, it is common to fay beakttd 
and membred, or armed. 

BEAM [beam, ,&iz,] a ray of light 
proceeding from the fun or any other li»* 
minous body. 

Bl^AM [in IkriMry] is ufed to ^zprels 
the main horn of a itag or buck* 

BEAM, a. fort oC toy meteor in fliapo 
of a pillar. 

ZEkUfiWng [with Arcbitem'] the fiU 
ling up the vacant fpace between the rai«-> 
(on and roof with ftones or l>ricks laid be-y 
twixc th« rafters or (lie r#oo, gad pUv 
fter'J on with loom. 

BEAM Caper^ a fruit. 

BEAN Tr^, an herN 

BEAR [bean, bejia, £|x.] ft wild 

BEAR [in Bier^lyplncls'] was ufed bjE 
the ancient Sgf^ians to reprefent a good 
proficient, whom time and labour lias 
W^ugl^t CO perie^kioD, becaufe bears aso 
faid t# come into the wo^ld \iriih milhapea 
pans, and chat che dams do fo lick the 
youjDg, that at laft the eyes, cin, and 
other members appear, 

BEARS are faid to fearcb much after 
bee-hives ; but i^his, as feme are of oipir 
i^ion, is not from a defire of ihe hooeyn 
fo much as to provoke (he bees to fting' 
their bodies and let o\|c the corrupt blood 
(hat troubles them. 

BEAR 1 [l^fce, Tbtf.] a chiog made vfe 

BIER i ^^ CO carry a dead corps upon, 

BEARS [in AftrokmH^'] two conilelU* 
tionsciUcd \JrfcL nuQpr and Miner. 

BEAR'/ hreecb^ the herb Bank Urfin. 

B^AR'i iunrr, flowers called ^rjpc^ 
or vulgarly Xiccoli^i. 

Digitized by LjOOQ IC 


Arii^ SAKS f IpolDen ts eo ber bur 
Avj vwa die having coo lean or fien- 
Cr t ^Mr, f'nks too dteep Into the 
tKtr, to frtighc beii^ Itght, and fo of 
Wc.ffa cMCAfiy batannaU harden. 

pMji Kvtien a flitp, which was lo 
i^ia^iri, oomes uiider another (hip's 
fcMJib glTet her wind. 

r» ttiR 1^ raia^ [5^^ term] is a S- 
Bsra CO kt the ftip go between her 
■•tea, direaw bctor* the wind. 

T« l&AR [Ipokea of places] to be ft 
■te, tt (kh a cape betrs off To and To 
fc*sWi a cape. 

1^ ^tbt Hrfat, 4 dtreaion to the 
■ttteto kt the Ibip go more at hirge 

To SARD mni, is to cue off the 
'^i^ aictck frooB the reft of the fleece. 

ttUD fwith B«iaaHt4} ibe under-lip 
■^lUEKMiower. tnd in corn or grais 
^ kar or briftle which fevves to de- 
■'thretr, asia barley. 

KOD [of a B^rfij or under-beard, 
Ri^cbiekar that pare mder the lower 
^tte, M the oix&de, and above the 
^ vlick bears the curb of the bridle. 

UU>ED Cntper, a fort of herb. 

UnDlBSS [heapblejr. Sax.] ha- 

^MtNG [in 6/ii^tf^ «nd Nmn 
)*■■] the firaision ot one place from 
■"kr, tte if, with refj^eft to the de- 
^^the hoi&m, which by navigators 
^ Med into cbirty-cwo equal parts 
*j^ poiao of the compifs^ therefore 
•^% have foond what point of the 
^pi&viil carry them from one pi ice 
••■*», they call that the bsaring of 
■ 1^ with reipeft to the other. 

■ttING [in Carfmtry] the bearing 
i tpKa of ttoiber is the ipice between 
gty h ad ends of it, when it has no 
{•a^pon t which is called hearing at 
nP^r between oae end and a pott, 
J**"**» fcfc* trimmed up between the 
'J* ' rica irs bearing. 

jTOi» the upper part ol the collet 

T*J^> arUch encompailes and fattens 

"ftnUNESS [hffiu4it4, F, htfita- 
^i)ihebaing iike a bettt, beftia- 

kHa^^^^ CHWi^Pbrife] 
z"J"««e way, and then another. 
ftlUT to arms {Military phrafej is 

viBBt diinn lof foldieis fhac ate dlT- 

ff* * i^iir te their «rmf. 

UHUT g march iMSIaan term] is 

P**/jf»a lb* give notice to the fol- 


figDtl to demtod a coofereaee witli ^h4 

To BEAT a retreat [Mtlitaij phrafa] !e 
a fign il iQ driw off or retreat from the 

To BEAT KpoM tte band [with HDrfi- 
men] is when a horfetpfloa up his nofe, 
and (bakes it oft fudden to avoid the fob* 
jedioo of the bridle. 

To BEAT the dnH [with Horfemen] U 
when a horfe at each ctme or motion does 
not take in way or ground enough with 
his f>re-1eg8. 

BBA'TERS [with TrmtfTs] iokJballi, 
with which they beat the letters in tho 
cfaaoe or form. 

BIATIFICAnriOH [with Mmamfitl 
the zGt whereby the po^ declares a per« 
fon to be blefled after his death, 

BEAU mende^ the (kir fex, F. 

BEAU'TIFULNESS, haadfomneft* Ue. 

BBA^Y. See3«vy. 

BBCABU'NGA, the herb Sea-purflaiii 
or Brooklime. £. 

To VBCk'lH ISea term] tiibd by ftt« 
lors when any thing keeps the wind off a 
(hip, but eTpecially when the (hore does 
fo. Alfo one (hip i$ faid to becalm ano- 
ther, when Ibe comes up with her on th9 

To BB'CKON [of becenntn or be«e« 
nian. Sax,] to make figns by the moiioa 
of the finger, head, Igc. 

BEC<yvfINGNBS$ [of be Jgr c^emtn. 
Sax, to pleafe] decency, fuitableoefa ei- 
ther of drefs, getture or maimers. 

BBD ( with Gardeners] a piece oFmade 
ground rsifeJ a ove the level of the reft. 

BED [with Mafimsl t courfe or rai^c 
ol ftones. 

BED ofMtmeraisresradn ftrtta or thicks 
neffes o tbem di(po(ed over each other. 

BED [of a AftU] the nether milftone* 

BBD-RIDDBN, a term ufed of a per- 
fon who i| fo weak, by oU age or uck- 
nefs, as not to be able to rtie from the 

BED of a mortar £with Giamers] h « 
foli.i p«ece of cak in form ot a piralle- 
1 >pepi.% hollowMa Httle in the middle to 
leceive the breech and half the trunnions. 

Bfil> of a gun [with Ommers] a piece 
of a pUnk, laid within the cheeks of a 
carriage upon the middle tranfum, for the 
gun to reft on. 

To BEDA'SH [probably of Btfft, Du. 
a blow or ftroke, or \t)Y\, Heb. to 
threfb] to daih or wet by beating water^ 
}ffe. on one. 

To BEDE'W [of be and toeapiao, Sax:\ 
to wet and fprinltle with dew. 

BBD-MOULDING [in Joinery] thofe 
members belaw a eormcs which are beloii^ 


Digitized by VnOOglC 

B E 

t|« coronet or crown. A« 'cis now com«r 
moo (ot joiners ce have rheir hed-mouid- 
^ CO coniift of ihefe 4 members* i//z. 

L below an O G. a. ft Jift. 3. a h gq 
i/t/fi» and 4. anocher lilt under the co- 

xonet C, Thi^ is wiiat ib^y call a bed- 


BEDllOl»P15 [of tejioppan. Sax,'] be- 

fprinkled, diftingui'iied or adorn'd wich 

jound ipots like drops. 

To BEDU'NG [oi be tnd toin^an. Sax.} 

|o dawb r.r f'^ul with dung- 
To BEDU'ST [of be and to'- JtJ, -J<?*.] 

to rpriokle or bedawb with duii. 

BEE [oi by, uOx. a dveiliqg-placej 

added CO che end of a name, oen.cesa 

lubicaion, t:sA^iebee, ^c 

A BEB [beo, AWx.] an in(c^ well 

BBES laer^g^bicaUy'} repreferc a 

• kingdom cr Aibje6l8 obedient to their 
lawful fovere'gn For they have amongft 
tikem ft moft ingenious wealch, 
and a good government ; fcr they are ftll 
obedienc co their king, and never revol- 
fron his anchoricj. They fubmtc co his 
jfentence, obey his commands, follow his 
laotions and condud. 

• BEEF [ot hoif, F. bavls, X.] was firft 
crdercd co be fold by weigh c in cbe reign 
€f kiag J2nii7 YIII, in the year 152S, at 
a kaif-penny per pound, aad mutton ac 
three ^r things. 

BBEF alamode [in Cookery] beef well 
beaten, larded and ftewed with lemon, 
pepper muihrooms, white-wine, \sfc, 

BEEN [of beon, j<ix. to bej as had 

BEER [with movers'} 19 ends of 
yarn, running all together out of che 
xrotgh, all the length of the trough. 

BEE^LB [for Military ufes] a great 
0edge or hammer for driving down 
of j^lifadoes, or for other uies in fortifi 
csti n. 

fiEET JEtavej 1 a fort of red beeu 

BEET Radifhes J whofe roots are ufed 
£illeis and gariiifliing diAes. 

To BEGl'RT [of be and Jyjlban, Sax.} 
to gird ^bout. 

' To BEGREA'SE [of be and^rtfifl&, F.J 
to dawb or fmear wich greafe. 

To BBGRi'MB [ot bcffrimetr, Teut.] 
to dawb or fmear wich grime, as the 
black of a porrid{ie*pot, chimney, )«ir. 

BEHA' VIOUR [of be and habban. Sax.} 
carriage or beineanour, either as co per- 
ion or mannersl 

BBHEA'DING [of beheavlpian. Sax.} 
was firft ufed in England^ in the year 
1072, in che time of fKiliiam the conque- 
ror, ^^/div^jf earl of Hwi/i»^ton being the 
luft oobtemtn chat was beheadad here* 


r EBHEOD [of behealbSao, &r.7 ] 
fed upon, 1 did behold. 

EEHO'LDEN I [of be and heal 

BfeHOXDINC fSax. to hold, 
holdin.. o. anocherj under an oblifp 
to a peifon tor f^vouis beftowed. 

REHOO'P [otbeho^pn, j^.] boa 
ducy, •> <li^-acion, Jjfc. 

BEHOO'VABLL [ of behora, 
and oHe} be* . m-ng, to be done as a i 
ftlfo pioiicable, ufelul. 

BE'ING Jin Mefoptyficks ] h diaiif 
ed in CO Complex orlncompiex^ £tftiM 
Ktaif ASuM '^r Potentials 

A PcfithehhlNG^ is that which 1 
ra.l ex ftence in the cauie of nature 

A Negative ^BISG^ deftroys this 
iftence, and if ic deltroys it aibrohite)] 
is a uerfra Negative Beir^. 

A Privative BEING, is that which 
preveois i.s beiiig in a fubjett, which 
capab'e to receive 't. 

A MatioMl BEiNG» [In MttafbjfOu 
the mere rroduift oEreafoo, and hasD< 
ifteoce, but in (he mind in Idea; and 
fes to be, when it is hoc thought upo 

A Real BEING [ io Metapbjfich, 
a Being that is not produced by 
ftrengch of imagination or lancy i bul 
a real axiftence in nature before 
thought or vonrepcion of the mind. 

AnAaual BEING [in MkU^kjfiA 
fu b a B^ii^ chat a&ually does exiftii 
order ot nature, whether ic depends 1 
any cauie in order to produce ii, $i 
hifnu i er whether it be before aJId 
as God. 

A Potential BEING [in MeUfbjfi 
is a Being chat may be produced bjr 
power •ot fome M^ent. 

Jo BELA'BOUR [of be and IdJ«r 
to beat or b-tng foundly. 

To BE'LAM [probably of laoiiv, 
CO make lame] tobeac or bang iouodl] 

BELA'NDE 1 a kind of fes veflel 

BBLA'NDRE f vin^ fails aul » 
like a hoys but broader and flatter, 
dom above 24 tun, and are u&d to 
merchanrs goods. K 

To BELA^Y [of be and lay] to ft 
anv running rope fo, that when ic is 
led it cannot run out again. 

BELE^MNITES [pffi^Xi^^Or^tit 
the arrow-head or ' finger-ftone, a J 
of ftone of a whiciih and fometioe 
gold colouTp To named becaufe of iu 
femblance ca the point of an arrov. 

BBtl octdiu [i. e. Bebu't eye] a 1 
of precious Itone that reiembles an ejft 

BBL. See Baal. 

HBLLfiomefs [with Fhrifis} a plaai 
flower, of which there are &?eralii 
callad ftUb bi6V-b(lli» v 

Digitized by VnOOglC 


kteaffUWBfimSoTaAio% bells. 
Xa ivr, ft pttf Mllcd alio ft grooni 

Ki/FE&OOS rtaiifer, X. ] that 

smiaous [M«^, 2.]iittidiig 

JB^n^J^ ^i^ credic. 

fiJnO?UON. Tte poeu cell lis 
iit ie vufcd korie Fegmhu carried 
MmK^ Chat he Sw i 

the Cbl 
Now the cAwurtf 
ttrtf t» thi coauBOD DOtioo, had 
^■Bfsaof a Han* the lunder pares 
« t ^M, lid the jniddie pana like 
Ml ^1 foil* ^The tmth ot the £i- 
>^%WbiffcoeWat an iahabicant of 
I^i, bf birch a Cbrntf^uat, a 
•ifr^aeik, vfce having boUc a long 
%aiiVad the coimtries that lay near 
^ fa. Aid iha ihip*s name wu fe- 
9f^ i■dbdyc^ki^ilM>«<4mdwelc 
^^vmtXmkmt near to which thare 
^tiaykil^ aoantaint catl'd Tel- 
^ c ibi tore-part o£ which there 
^^aodbDtioi the city of the Xioi^ 
"^Wcbs third WIS backwards from 
^ «d «M the reft oi it was very 
^ biheatiddlcoC which there was 
M^d^of the earth, from whence 
*■ i>Bi Bebaad this mocutain there 
^au iBoihtr, caDcd Cbmu^y the 
*>^ ot whivh on the forepart, as tbefe 
2* ^ aev it report, was inhabited 
^*K ttMi the hinder pan by a dra- 
^*^M to be very mifiiuevoos 
l^ hepberds and fiillers of timbea. 
J W»fl^ coming to that place, 
r?* ••^f mountain on fire, io »/- 
Y ^ bnnt, the beaft psriOied. 
2j^*Hi the oeighbooring inhabicaors 
,^,^BeVirAm, coming thither 
' T^ny^, flew the Ci&iura of 
^fr^'t troa which event the fable 

I S^U^Mrl the white dalfey. 
J^^WfilWIiftirfo, £.] faiinefs, 

iJ^k the goddeft of war 

I ^ were thd wife, filler or 

lu,lJi ^^*) ^"^ * bloody whip 

It' T^S ^ it rcprefented in ir- 

[ L2I ? ^'^^"^ countenance, hav 
1^^ oftead of hair, clotted to- 
I?*'* blood, holding fomettmei 
1^ .Mrtfh Md fometimes a trrnn- 

k 4^ nhii4iiii bttik her a tern 

1*^} ^efor• which ftoodapil. 
\^^ Bittits, from whence the 
' iZ***** • ffear, when he proclaioir 

' ***»^a»y attien* 


MLLONA'RIA r^ct'tictt ofiei^d t« 
Belima, which her Priefts offered co her 
in their own blood, cuttiqg their AouU 
ders, and rnnning about with their drawi 
fwords as being mad and traofjported. 

BELLS, are prodaimers of Joyful fo^ 
lemnities, and are commonly affixed c« 
churches, where, befides their uib for the 
fervice of god, by caUing people to it« 
they are by fome fuppos'a to have virciw 
to diipel ftormi and tempefis which fooi# 
attribute to their breaking of the air hf 
their found } but others will have it t« 
be inberenc to their being blefled. Tfacf 
were firft ordained to call people co* 
gether in the year 603. 

BELLS [ben, .Stz.] the firft harmoui* 
ous ring ot bells that was coiiipleteA 
in Etigtand was at CrajUmd abbeys for 
TurketttUt abbot of that place, having 
cauied a bell of prodigious largeneft x» 
be made, which he called Guttiac i £• 
gii fucceedxng him, did about the yeat 
976 add two large ones, called Hm- 
tuU and Tolvhif and alfo two tic tie ones 
called figa and Bega^ being feven, which 
being made of proportional Oies, mado 
cogethet a moft delightful harmooy not «# 
be e^aird in the whole kingdom. 

The found of bells plac'd on a plaifl 
may be heard further than thof^-tm hills, 
and thofe ia valliei, farther than cm 
plains, the reafon of which is not dif- 
ficult to be affign'd, becaufe the higher, 
(he fonorous body is, the rarer is th* 
mediom (i, e. the air) and con/equentlj 
it receives the lefs impulfe, and the ve- 
hicle is the Icfs proper to convey It to 
a diftance. 

The ^icy of Nmym in Cb'ma, has "been 
famous for its bells, one of which ia 
xa foot high, and computed co weiak 
Soooo pounds. And at Ffl^iii, father ie 
Conine fays, there are feven bells, eack 
of which weighs iioooO pounds ; but the 
founds of them are very poor, beii^g 
ftruck with a wooden clapper. 

BELLY timber, food, visuals, meat ai4 

BELLY Godj an epicure, ajglottonotti 
or luxurious perfon. ^ 

BE'LOMANCY [BsXe/uflOTc/Aof fii\^ 
a dart and fiAf^iidt^ Cr* divination J^4 
kind of divining or foretftUing future 
things by arrows. 

BELLONOl'DES [o( ^tunUls ofjh- 
Kiivn a needle, and f?/^ fcrmj two fmatl 
bones iflfuing from tbct templesf which 
-re like reedles. , 

BELTS [in ^^r<wi.]two girdles or ^y£a| 
obfcrved in the br>dy<>f 'he pUner^w^f^r. 
B LVIDERE {;3<'r47gf] ch9 herb bro<;i»* 
toad ft^. X, 

Digitized by VnOOglC 


ftBLOaCUM [of IUh4i* a ihrc, cud 
IXjm CO draw, Gr.j ao iatlramcnc to 
draw out the bead of an arrow Irom a 

To BEMI'RE r of be and IRf^tt^ 
£>■•] to daub or befoul wtxh mire. 

To BEND twocAUs \,Sea\ oguagej is 
to tie them together^ and fo to make 
their own ends faft upon chemfelvet. 

kfeNI) [in Ueraldty] is 

one o^ the ten hooourable 
ordinaries. Which concains a 
third pare of the field when 
chaj^ed> and a fifth when 
ylaio.' When ic is exprds*d in blasoniog 
Bendt without any addtttony ic is always 
fuppofed to bd the Bend bexter: cho' the 
word Dexter U generally exprefs'd co 
prevent miftakfis i becaufe there is alfo a 
Bend Sinifter. this Bend Dexter U formed 
by two lines drawn from the upper part 
of the ihield on the right harid, to the 
lower pare en ihA \th diagonally or a- 
thwart* It is fuppofed co reprefcnc a 
iOioulder-belt or fcarf worn over the ihoul«> 

BEND &nlfler (in HeraU 
dry] is like the former^ ot.- 
ly that it comes trom the 
left fide of the fhield co the 
rights as the Dexter does 
from (he right to the left, 
as in the figure. 

Ik BEND [in BUtXMtry] U a term u* 
fed when any thing borne in coat-armour 
is placed obliquely or arhwart, from the 
upper corner co the oppofiie lower, as 
the Bend lies. 

Fer BEND [ib Btaz/jwy] or Tarty per 
Bendf fignifies being parted from the up< 
per comer to che oppofico lower by a dia- 
gonal line, and per Bend any addition fig- 
nifies che fame. 

BEND voided [in Heraldry] U when 
two ftraic lines drawn within the Bend^ 
mn nearly parallel to the oixward edges 
of it. 

BE'NDABLE [of benban^ Saxl that 
may be bended. 

^ ^'HDLETSlln Btraldrv] 

are the half of a Bend in 

breadth, btic extending the 

whole length; Thefe the 

French call Cotifes i (6e the 

figure annex'd. 

BENDS [ of a Ship J the outermoft 

timbers of the fide, to fee the fc6tonin 

climbing up, ^c, 

BE'NDY [ui Blazonry] fignifies che 
field divided into 4, 6, or more parts 
diagonally, or as is faid above in the 
Bend^ and varying in metal and colour. 
U ii (h9 general pra^icQ ia England co 


make an e^en mimber i but in c 
countries they do not regard whe 
che number be even or odd. 

BE'NDWITH, an herb. 

BENFFA'CTRBSS, a fema!e benefai 

BBNEFA'CTURB ibenefiOhira, L. 
good deed. 

BENE'FICBNCH [beneftrntU, L. J 
domg of good offices, a delight in d< 
goof to others, kindnefs, llberaiicy. 

StmfOe BENBBlCfiS, ar« ftidi wl 
the parfons are only obliged to 1 
prayers, ^c. 

Sacerdotal BENEFICES, arc fuch wl 
they are charged with the cure of foi 

. BBNB'FICENCB [fay che MarO^ 
« the higheft and moft ilhiftrioos ftr 
of homaniry, when a man out of a p 
inclination that arifea either from a 1 
"ve generoficy of fool, or trom pity , 
compiffion to a perfon in diftrefs, U 

ome pains or charge in beftowing fn 
'y upon another what may relieve 
ncceffity or promote his advanrage. 1 
wrine that anfwers co benefice in the 
^•'' '* f racjtude in che receiver. 

BENfiFICrUM Cedendarum ABia 
rCmlLam] 19 the right which c 
forecy hath who is fued for the wh< 
^?bt| to force the creditor to aflSgn 01 
his aftion to che reft of thefurecies, 
elft he fliall not force that ode to p 
the debt. £. 

, BENiFICrUM Dhifiottii [Civil La 
IS a right by which the creditor (hall 
forced by wav of exception to fue ea 
furety for their ibare and proportion, . 
fpceially when the reft of the fureties a 
under the jurifiji&ion of the fame judg 
and arc able \o pay, X. 

BENEFICIUM Ordinis ^ Kxciffior, 
iCivil Law] a right by which the lure 
can, by way of exception, torcetbecr 
diior to force the principal debtor befo; 
he ihall recover again U him as the fun 
ty i except the fure.y was given judic 
ally in a caufe depending. 

BE'NGAL [of Bengala in the Eafi I 
dies] a fort of filk, ^J* 

BENI'GNESS Iberttgnitau Li] fwee 
nefsof difpofidon, goodne&, fciodne/ 

BENI'GHTED [of be and uihte^ Sax 
overtaken by che night or darkueis i all 
darkened, blinded. 

BE'NNET, an herb. 

BENT i.of bertoani &«ir.] plone, it 
clined to, refolved iipon 1 alfo bowe< 

:b£NU'MMEDN£S3, a beiog.beoMmma 

BE'ORN [leojin, Sax. a prince or c 
ther chief ouuqJ u Is a p<40vcal wor< 

Digitized by VnOOQlC 


HpT*cec(U Beamed chief in 

^SL ^^ ^^^^' 0«L].w«rcd 

W^nrHMBNT, a legacy. 
VUEKIS [with Botmfii^ the bar- 

, lOEA'TBMlNT a dcpriYaiioa. or be 
■fjo^'d CI dcpriy'd of any thing. 

MtCTNTHlA [fQ «Ucd of Ber^- 

^■■c, wkcre de was worftipped] 

• *^'* * *" gitawa mignificence, 

25 *f ^^» *«^ progrcfj throogh ihe 

Z^ v'**"^ '»^*"g " her chariot 

^y* "T tioas, ho bead crovoed with 

^**^.?°j "dim'd with all the beau- 

~* <Qiea» cbe eatth produces, at- 

«M ay tt hmdred celeitial gods, bc- 

y ** qf ihcm h«r divine ofTspring, 

■J^fle n called mar dsarumy alfo 

•••rfr.Jltf, which fee. 

S^? f^^^^'^^.Gr. with the 

««G kaaaeni Fi^i«, ri#v «ccor- 

JSH^*«««^oMr. Baxter} Bgnifies 

•i«u«j8 caftle of a city or a mou«- 

f««« •• hafauariof). ^ 

Wi'NlCES £«rrf4»ro«.]a conftel- 
!« caiTd cow* aer^WcVi in the nor- 
oeai^ifphcrc. confifting of ftajs near 
**e Ai,*a rail. 

mu 1 [Otf I.««rorii] a flat, wide 
M^FAf plaio or heath, and from 
^^r"'**-**^* nieadowi or open 
^^ are Eill called fierriei or Bm* 
!!_ "^J1^5*J«r"wnaiioni of niacy 
«■«, as Thomtery orhtey, 

WUIN, a f«[t of travelling carriage, 
S? '*^''l?!' *^'^' ^"^^J* «» » ufed in 

^HKX* the Um as Borough. 

^ I [y':^f"«^«wiii] Che weight 

BESS J ct 8 ounces being two thirds 

• ^ *• ^rJ^> «Iib a SoMM long 

mcafmt At 8ch pare of aa acre, divid- 

•« ato i» parti. L 

KWREX^wr Wt. i. f. ill luck 

lSMh>ES [of be ind jritoc, S^x.} over 
•M t^eve, more thto. 

Te KSMOAK [of be and rroacian 
TfcJ» mfet finoaky or fmoaked. 
.■W/Mfofbeand JTpecan, &<;j.] 

. -^ ior, alto iodiaiY^. 

TolBPAtKifofbe aDd'fpi|f«, r^ritf.] 

» w lioor or make fikhy by fpitiing. 

To lESPE'AX [of be antf Jfpsecan, 

^^J t9 fpeak for ibmetbing ; co give 

*^ 6r k CO be unde^ alio co in- 

rouspvr [of be and rp<to<»* ^^ ] 

T0 lEsrOT [probably of be a«4 tf^U 

To BBSPUTTER [of be and JiaitM, 
1. ] to fpirc or flirt fpictle upon. 

BESTH'AD, bcfer, born hard upon. 

BRA'STLINESS IbffiJaiitm] thecopM. 
lation of a man or woman with a 
beaft ; alfo beaflly quality, filtbinefs. 

BESTIA'RII [ amorg the tionums ] 
thofe men who combated with wild beaftr* 

To BHSTRE'W [of Jftjiepiaa, i&tt.] 
to ftrew, to fcatter about. 

To BBSTRI'DE [of be and JTfepasben^ 
Sdxl to get afiridc upon a horfe, Jjc. 

BETHO'UGHT [of be'^Scncan, -iWx.] 
did call to mind. 

BETULA [with Boimifis^ the bitch- 
iree. Z. 

BEVEL anglet fipnifies any angle chat 
is neither 90 nor 45 degrees. 

BEVEL [in Heraldry] 
Hgnifies broken or open- 
ing like t'carpcrter's lule, 
as in the efoutcheon an- 
nexed. As he bears. tfr< 
gem a chief Beuele vert 
by the name of Btverlis, 

cuftomary lervicea done ac the bidding of 
the brd by his inferior tenants. 

BEVY of Partridges [with Fo^lersl 3 
m a flock. 

BEVY [in a Metaphorka finfe] U a 
knot or company ot perfons, as a bevy 

To BHWlXDER {; of 

be and pil^Jl- 
ne/^e,. ^ax, a wllderneTs ] 10 fcire, 
to atfright, to put into confufion. 

$EY, a governor of a maritiine town or 
country in rhe Turi(/h empire^ 
BEZANTS 7 Tin Heraldry] are round arid 
BESANTS ) flat pieces ot bullion without 
imprels. In form as the fi- 
gure aonex'd, and reprefenc 
Che current coin of Bizan- 
tiurn^ now called Ca^antir 
nople. Tbefe are introduced 
in coat armour (as is fup- 
pofed) by cbofe who were 
in the holy war ; but (ince they fliett^ 
the rife of honefl treafureiis, receivers of 
the cuftoms, Js'^.they are always of iiie- 
tal » and when blazoned (according to 
the cuftom of foreign heralds) ought i<^ 
be^ exprefly faid to be Or or ^r^mr, tho* 
with us they are always of gold \ bac 
foreigners' have them of filver alfo, 

BEZANTY' [ in HeraUry ] a croft 
Bexanty^ is a crofs made, ot Siezanrs. 

Oriental BE'ZOAR,ts chat which romea 
from feveral parts oF the Baft Mies*, 
. Occidemal BEZO AR, i$ yhac js brought 

Ifcom the tfejl Indies from Teru^ and ia 
found in the belly of feveijU. ,Aidiiiali pe*. 
cuUar to that countr// 

Digitized by VjOOQ l^ 


German BfiZOAR, is found in the fto- 1 
lAach 01 Toms cows, efpecia ly in cbe I 
Chamois and Ijard* Some weigh i8 
ouoc£s, but it is not ot mnch efteem 
in iDtdicin:. 

BfiZOA'RDICK Timedies in Medicine] 
cordul medicines ot remedies or tnci- 
doles' againft poifon or intedious dif- 

BEZOA'RDICUM jatnak [Medicine] 
Beioar ol fupiur i a re^ulus made by 
inelcing ot 3 oi regulus of anci» 
mony, (WO ^i block- tin, which bebg 
reduced co a powder, and 6xed wich cor- 
rofive'fublimace and dtftiird off in a kind 
of bucien this batcer is afterwards diL 
f olf 'd in fpiric of nitre, and the lolation 
Is diftiiled 3 times till the Bezfor re- 
main at the bottom. 

BHZOARDICUM iunaU [ Cbym.] or 
Be%oar of the moon, is made by 
mixing 8 ounces of rectified bucicr ot 
antimony, and one ot fine fil^erp which 
. is diflblved by pouring it in frefh aod frefli 
onfpiricof nitre, till the ebullition ceafe, 
after which the fptric is drawn off, and 
the Bitoar is |K)wdered, wathed and 
mingled with fpincs of wine lill it grows 

BEZOARDICUM martial [ Cbym.] a 
folutiun . ot CrocuF Mortis, made by a 
reverberation in butter ot antimony, and 
then fpirit ot m'tre is poured on it, and 
' the further procedure is that of other be- 
aoardick preparations. 

BIA'NGULATED [ Furngtiiatus, X. j 
two cornered, 

BIA'NGULOUS [iiiSi^fiAix, I.] having 
two corners- 

BI'ARCH [hiarcbus, 1. of Hitt^x^ 
of fii@* lite anda'fxeTv to fupplyj a ca- 
terer, who provides vtduals, a fuctler. 

BIA'RCHY Ihiarcbia X.; oi ft*fX^A» 
Gr.jche office ot a cacerer. 

BIB [probably of biBere, X.j a gar- 
ment ot linnen tor rhe breaft of a child. 

BIBA'CITY, {bihadtas^ i.] great or 
hard drinking. 

BCBA'CIOUS Ibibax, Z.] much given 
10 drinking. 

BrBBhR Ibiberon^F.bibo, X] a toper 

of 4<|U0lS. 

BIBb'6Y [hibefia^L.] atooearneft de- 
fire after drink. 

Bl'BIB [of)8iie\®-, Gr./.f. a book] 
the col!edton ot the books oC the Old 
and Sew Tcftameut, (o called by way of 

The irft tranflition " of the books of 
the Old* T^aBientvriz out of the Hebrew 
into che'-G^^lt, by the 7a interpreters, 
and thence is c^ed the Septua^ini^ aod 
Irow the Seftnaghu it was tcanfl«ced la^- 


to Xtffiii, which is called the old 

The latins have various modem ^re 
fions; but 1 that are andeot at cli 
which is called the ibtfici, and chac 
Sr. Jerome, which it called the Vsdg^a 
becaufeit was confirmed by the council 
Tttntiot vulgar ttfe. 

The Bible wastranflated into tbejEii^ 
Hjh Saxon tongue about the year 9^ 
and was firft tranflated into Engii/b I 
fViUiam Tbidal, in the 21ft ye*r o^ cJ 
reign of Mrnry VIII. and then printed. 

It was again tranflated in the retgo . 
kinf James I. about the year i6o3» tl 
dtvifion of the bible into three cbapce: 
was in the year »5a. 

BIBLIOTA'PHIST oi biUiou^bus^ 1 
of 0i0Ki6raf^ oi0ifiK^ « book an 
7ct^ a fepuichre, Gr.] aa hider or bi 
rier of books. 

BIBLIOTHB'CA l6t0Ks»^h9t Gr. o 
fiiJSK^ and ^mm, a repofitory] m pUc 
where books are kept, a library, a ftiidy 
alfo the books thenuelves. X. 

AbLIOTHE'CAL [hbHotbecaiu, X. 
of, or belonging to a library. 

X.]a library-keeper. 

BIBO'SB [Inbofiut X.] mnch gtvea c 

BIBULOUS r^^M/iix, X.] given r 
bibbing or drinkmg much or otten \ fuckis 
up, u a fpunge, the fea fand, ^, 

BICAPSULA'R 1 [with BU.} e^«c 
BICAPSULATE f i% fald to be fc 
whofe feed veflel is divided into cw 
parts, as lo verbafcnm, mullein, /cropSm 
laria,fgmrt.eupbrafiat eye-brifbt, %rc. J 

BICEPS Oc^iri [with ^^.J the mol 
cle of the elbow fo named becaufe i 
has two beads, the outrooil or firft e 
rifing from the upper part of the bria 
of the ocetabidHM fc^fuU the latter a 
Che end of the procefiu caraooiAee fta 
pula, aod being both untied makes Iar£ 
flefliy belly, and are inferted to the ci 
bercle at the upper head of the boo 

BICfiPS y^iNorii [i*uit] a mulcle oP tb 
leg, which alfo has two heads, of wfalc 
the upper and longeft has its rife iroi 
a knob of the os nfcbwrn, and the ecbe 
from the tinea afpera ot the as famorix 
immediately beneath the end of cb 
glutaus manmmti thcfc being united g 
on to the outW4rd appendix of the tbtg 
bone, < and are implanted to the iippc 
apophyfis of the fdnda. 

Bl'CEPS Ma [Attatomf\ a moTcle < 
the leg fi> called oo account of ia bes 
leg twe hc^i^ Uie one proceediog froe 

Digitized by LnOOQlC 

^ flfcrtfirj of elk ^cbium, and the o. 
: i^m lilt middle of chc linem jif- 
pi^ \n\ which ooice 'and arc ioTcrt- 
H bf Ml indoa into the fiiperior ti^ 
osQii fin of the Tenae, The ufe of 
ki.'ftkip to bend the iAid^ and turn 
III i^^ and cos outward when a 

Ml'CIEll [probtUy of BIctC, C. 
te* 9 tikt to dnnaiih \ alfo lo wran» 

B\XaNB, the bone of the tongue 

VOBKTA'LLS [among the Sonua/j 
|>db aftitoced for the perfommnco of 
■ukcncgiooies on occafion of a than- 
^•Uc'iUIiM on any place. They were 
6cd:d of AdffMl (i.«. a flieep of 2 
)wi oUktfBg teeth on each fide) which 
Atfiieredffi (acrUke. 

am) (^wiih BoMufisl a leaf, ^. 
aiptor,B ib called when it is cut or 
i*Bj 1810 two pan*. X. 
^KFOliOM [with Bctdmiftsl t^^ berb 

Vmous [^M/, X.] beiriog dou. 
Ikidbbeningtraic twice a year. 

VflDlTED ihifiddtus, X. ] cut or 
*i»»two parii, cloven into two 

WtOOS [*i/&ni, 1.3 that has 

jroWflST [^4(tfnicf, X.] one that 
P**p vties or hitsbands at the fame 

JfMHODS [Atfau and ^/^flnv. X.] 
^ttpsnnsof two different nations j 
•t iwau of difierent kinds. 
.ffT, an ancient Sookai coin Aamp- 
jJftAe fifBie of a chariot drawn by % 
■■••rtit, in filue equal to the Ddtta- 
J^«rfcwo peoca halfpenny Et^li/h 

i[ |^ttKia)fi^ kind of great orange,F. 
[£teiy4r jnOUT [Sm phra/Sj .'s 
BJI"^ (bat part of the rope that is 
M» rolled up. 

\S^lik^f It OTobaWyofl^and 
I Wj* or fy Getf> ©«*] a perfon 
I ^ yidb erea to a party or prince. 
jy^'raD, become a bigor, zea- 
'obftiottfly adhering to a party 
■^ ' reUgion. 

Id, a ftiiF adherence to a 
*ynioai though without or a- 

'^ liij^ui, X. j yoked or 

^ fwlth Botaufis] a p^«ut 

V tt fo called, when two 

^iz-^ 3 leaves are joined to the 

^^ tt the fune plare ever agaiufl 

"iTi u in (be mntf (he I^tniSi 

TPhin reURic 
^■WTISII, a 


BIIA'BIATED [of IfU twice, and Is* 
biatm^ X.] having two lips.- 

Bl'LANDER. Set Beiaidre. 

BJLA'RIUS duBus [with Anatonufls] a 
channel with which the duBut cjfiieus 
makes the duSiu cmmmmis cifoledochtut 
which pafles obliquely to the lower end 
of the duodenum, or oeKioDtng of the jr- 

urn: It is C4illed alfo duAu bepati' 
cui. X. 

BILGB PioK^, the fame as Burr Pump. 

BiLrNGUIS [in Xnv] is ufedofa jury 
that istmpannelled on a foreigner, of which 
pare are Englifb, and part ihofe of bis 
own country. 

BIirNGUOUS [hllh^uh, X.] that can 
fpeak two languages} double-tongued, 

Bins ATRA [with Pb^ians^ black 
cboler, or melancholy, X. 

Bilious Ibiliofiu, X.J full of bUe or 

BILX ofdeht [in Commerce'} U (he fame 
as a bond or writing obligatory i only be« 
log drawn in Eiiglijb, it is called a bill % 
but when in latin a bond ; oc a bill is a 
fingle bond without any condition annex* 
edf whereas a bond has a penalty and 

BILL of Reviem. Set Review, 

BILL [in Parliamem^ a paper contain- 
iog propofitlons offered to the houfes to 
be pafled by ihe king, and then prefented 
to the king to pals into an %€t or law. 

BI'LBTS, little Jflands. 

Bl'LLBTS [b Heraldry] bilettes, R 
GuiUim is of opinion, that " 

thofe repref«nt BiiietsDouxi 
but moft authors take them 
for bricks, sni fay that ma- 
ny Eiigti/h fami.ies feitled in 
FtancCy bear them to denote 
their extra&ion from England^ where f) 
many bricks are made ; but to this 
oiheis objcd, that England has never been 
famous in the world for brirk*makiog, 
and fo it might as well fuit many other 
counrr'es as England^ But CoUtmhiere 
men r ions Briquet or bricks feparated trom 
BiUet4 1 and fays, that the difference be- 
tween them is, that Briquet are drawn 
fo, as to reprafent thicknefs, whereas 
the billets have only a Hat fupeificies, 
which pliinly intimates, that billets re« 
prefent letters or folded papers, whether 
of love or otherwife, 

B^LLCTE 1 [in Btoon^] fiffnifies thae 

Bl'tLBTY I' (he ^fcutcheon is all over 
ilrewed with billets, the number not af* 
certaioed ; for if it be, the number mvfk 
be expreffed, and theirpoGtion, attdthea 
the (ermfii^^^isnotttied. 

bileties, F. 




Digitized by Google 


Bl'LLETTY [« Heraldry'] » bearing 
inform ot a long fquarc 


billets were anciently of 
pieces of cloth of geld or 
iilver longer than broad, 
placed at a diftance by way 
of ornament on eloihes, 
tnd affei^vards to coat arm'sur. 

Bl'LLETTED [in Heraldry^ charged 
wiih bille:s, as he bears argtnt b'lUette, 
F. a erofs ingrailed, gales as in the ef- 
curcbeon above. 

BI'LLIARDS [of biJlard, K oF bma, 
the balls made ufe ofj a game play*d on an 
bblong table covered with cloth, with 
irory bslls, which are firuck or driven 
Mrhh fticki made bendiqg on purpofe to 
drive the bol^s into holes, called hazards, 
on the edge and corners of the table. 

BI'LLON [in coUu^e] a fort of bafe 
metal either oi goldornlver, io the mix- 
nif-e of which copper predominates. 

BIMA'RIAN [himaris, L.J of or per- 
taining to two Teas. 
^iMfi'DlAL [with Mdtbmaticians'} if 
two media] lines as 
C B C tnd C D com - 

B|' ■ ■ ; .i|D menfurable only in 

power, containing a 
f ational reftaDg!e> are compounded, the 
Whole line B D ftall be irrational, and 
Is called a firft bimedial line. 
^ Bl'NAKY Arithmetick, an arichmetick, 
in which, infiead of th« ten figures in the 
common} arirhmerirk, and the progref- 
ficn from xo to lo only two figures are 
ufed, the two figures are o and x, and the 
cypher multiplies every thing by 2, as 
in common arichmetick by Zo. Thus x is 
One, tOift, XI. 3, 100. 4, iffc. 

BINARY Number ^ one compofed of two 

BINARY HILafure [in Mt4ick'] is a 
fneafure wherein you beat equally, or the 
time of rifing: is eqjai to tbac of falling, 

Bindweed, an herb. 

Bl'NDtNG [with fitlconeri] U a tiring. 
Or when a hawk feizes. 

BINN [binne, Saz*"] a great cheft to 
put com, Jjrc. in. . 

BINO'MI AL Jioot [in Mathematlcks] is a 
root compofed of two parts ioined by the 
fign »1- ; Thus x 14- y or a .J- b, or 3 ^ 
4 Is a BinomiaJ root, confiftiog of the fnm 
of two quancides : If ichas three parts 
as z U. y ^ z, it is called a Trinomial, 
and any root confiftiug of more than three 
parts is called a Multtnomial, 

BIIi^O'MINOUS [ 5ijiaavn//, X. ] that 
liath two names. 

BrPAROUS , [biparust JL] tha( bath 
WoughL fofih twict. 


BIPE'DAL [of bipedaUsy 1.] of ti 
foot lonp, wide, JjrC. 

BIPED A'LITY IbipeddUtds^ 1. ] t 
length of two. foot. 

BIPED A'NEOUS [bipedimeus, L]t« 
foot chick, deep or hollow within tl 

BIPE'T ALOUS X of Ms and iwt«X 
Of* ] confifting of two flower leaves. 

BiPlNfi'LLA [with Botan^fls^ Stti 
frage or Pimpernel. £. 

BIPH'CITY [ bipUcitdS^ X. ] doubl( 

BIPU'NCTUAL iHpunaualis, X.] 
two points. 

BIQUA'DRATB, r.f. a double qmdrt 
or fqoare. 

BIRD'i Eye. fwt^ Tmgm^ Wit To n 
ny different kinds of he: ba. 

The BIRTH of a Mefi [on Sbipbmt 
the proper place for a meis to pot the 
chefh in. 

BIRTH-Af^, an herb. 

BI'RTHRIGHT [ of beojitte, 11 
Jliht, Sax, 2 tbe honour or cfcate bi 
lon^jng to the firft-born or prior in birtl 

BIRE'TTUS, thecapor coit of a joaf 
or fer}eanr ar law. X. 

BISCOTl'N [ Confea. ] a confcai< 
made of fine flower, powder*d Tugar, mai 
malade, the whire of eggs, Jjrc 

Bl'SHOPRICK [ol bijrcop and Jik 
kingdom, Sax ] the province or jnri 
di£hon of a bifhop. 

Bl'SHOPV Leaves, an herb. 

BISHOP'j IVort^ the plant called aH 
Catharine's flower. 

BISI'LIQUOS -) [ with Botottifs 

BISIIIOpA > plants are fo eafli 

BISl'LK^UM 3 whofe feed is coa 
tained in two diftant pois fucceiedfftg op 
flower, as in Apocinum Dogs^bane, PtniH 
ea Periwinkle, jjgrc, ' 

BI'SCnrfcT [probably of bis twice, an 
coSus bakedj a fort of bard' baked brea 
or cake. 

BI'SKBT 1 [with OmfeaiaiergJ 

BrSQUfiT I compofition of fine flow 
er, eggs, fugar, fer. 

To BISSE'CT. See Bifi9, 

Bl'STHRl [with painters, Jjrc.] «e8 

BI'STREJ lour made of the toot « 
chimneys boiled, and afterwards diltifei 
In water, to wam their defigns. 

BI'SUS, or ranis Bifius [ancient Ditds^ 
a brown loaf, or brown bread. 1* 

BISU'LCOUS IbifitOMSy X.]clOt« 
footed, forked. 

BIT, a little piece of any thing. 

A BITE [bite, Sax.'} any hurt mad 
by the teeth s alfo a quantity bittien offi 
once s alfo a cheat, a trickers alTo a fliarp 

,:. by Google r M 

B L 

CfT, a piece' of filver b Barladoes 
STi at &ven pence hali-pen.iy. 

BiTlNGNESS [of bit;<n, J^.J iharp. 
r'sattfteor pinf(ency or wordti }<)rt:. 

jnT[with Bar/enaiJ in general fig- 
iSscte vbole machine of a biidle, as 
^is-aoacJit cl^ brancbes, cbe curb, 
E^XTu boles, ibe trancliefil* and the 
M<:kanii iometlmes ic is vfed oalj ibr 
i^K-ncath in pariinilar. 

KTrEHSESS [ofbitejiandnejrp, 
^} A psrcicular favour or Tenia iion, 
^M^itivL from this, vht. that all 
t^cftfoc^es of cbebicier bod/ are bro 
keth^TcA axkidicoimfliedk fo chat none 
etuattmunloag and rigid i which no- 
iKBu^-vinnedby this ezpertmeQC, that 
^wsxcf barar, aod their particles much 
fT ri wL d tad brokeu by the &re, be- 

RTltR Bad [of a Cahii] ihit parr 
*i^ is lOODd abuoc ihe biis whea the 
if Joattochor. 

HTUMES, aninflimmablemitter fac 
odBfiaas, which Satwakfis diftinguilfa 
vp kkreeioris, bard> foft, and liquid or 
^ifeme biiumeisare foifiis, others are 
nKisariagOQ lakes* and others fpriog 
^«tfae eirth like Uunraios. one kind of 
itti t itfi of dime, clammy like pitch, 
mi Wliag f>meching like brimftooe. 
Asudenu u'edtt inftead ot morcar for 
^iBttf, and alfo inOead oi oil for 

: imJMEH Judaicum, See Afpbalm, 

JWiWER t '»«*» Anatmufis ] the 

m«E^ ot the Jaw, and laft ol thofe 

I *te4r* JO open it ; ic is called B'tventir 

*i csaonc of its having as ic were two 

^^t«r iis two extiemities, and a ceu* 

^iaihe middle. 

BX-WORT, an herb. 

)UCK [Use, Sax.] a colour. Is fome- 

lKop«|ae lodporcuSy which (Qibibing 

Vi&a light failing on it reflcAs noix, 

^fiv chat reaibn exhibits oo colour. 

lU'CrNKS[Wacne^^e,^« ] feems 

•y^aoaiach a peculiar texture and 

2J« ol ibe fuperficial parts of any 

■*Vdj, that d >th as it were deaden 

^jf^ eke light £sllen upon it, and 

'''"■meor very licde of ic outwards 

fUQ.BIRD, t bird well knows. 
^«*tiB^ fwi.h Cbymifts] ^ 
l"^*fei by this charader. o I o 

JjIU'CKEN [of blacian, Sax.J to 
■I er |row bbck ; to fcaodalioe, U^c, 
«t$mTH [of blac and Smft, 
""*Trf»f in iron. 

[Used, &tx.] a leaf, with Bo- 
dki firft fprouc of a plaiK that 
^«f cbe grouiid. fo loiig »• ic is 


BLiDB. a' bravo, ao he^orj alfo 4 
fpruce fellow, a beau. 

To BLADB ity to go flaunting orva- 

_ BLiE'sqs [jfi\«jyoff, Gr.2 a panicular 
kind oi di^onioD of the I'eec, much tha 
fame as VaUm, L. Jnat. 

.BLAIN ilUn, Du. ble^fene, Sax^l 
with SurgeottSf an angry pn{b, fomewhat 
refembliug tAe frntU-pox, but redder and 
much painfuller, and is one oi the fym- 
pcomsoi rhe plague. 

BLAIN [in Cattle] adiftemper, bcfng 
a bladder fall of wind and water, riiing 
from the root of the tongue, wbich grows 
large, andwiil at lad uop the'breacb of 
che beaft. 

BLA'M£ABL£N£SS , the defervioS 

BLA'MELBSNfiSS, the not deferving 

A BLA'NCHBR [ hhaul'ifiwr^ F. ] a 

BLA'^NCHING lHaicbement, F.] t 

BLANCH-LYON [i. e. white lyon] thft 
tide otoneef our purfevanrs at arms. 

BLA'NDiMFNT [bUmdimentum, L.] % 
thine pleafandy done or fpoken, 

BLA'NKNESS, palenefs, ^c. a being 
out of countenance or abiihed. 

BLANK r«T/£ri, verfes without rhimes, 

BLAPSIGONl'A f;e\«4<>ofi«, Gr.J a 
difeafe in bees when they do not breed, or 
their young ones miscarry. 

BLAPSB'CULA [of jiUirtm^ Gr, t9 
hurtj the Cj/aniu or blue-bottle, (o named 
becaufe it turns the edge tff the mower'a 
fey the. 

BLASPHE^ATORmESS , blafphe- 

BL ASPHE'MER [hlafphemaUufy F. htaf- 
pbemator^ L.] one whofpeaksblafphemy, 

BLA'SPHEMY f fii^0'^)i/ui*, Gr.] »»» 
littering of reproachful words tending to 
che diAooour of God, iffc vile,bare Ian* 

blafpbama^ L. iB\A«'f »/»!«, Gr,] blaf* 

BLA'STBD [ofblai^, Sir.] withered 
with cbe winds i marr'd, fpoiled^ de* 

.SLASTBD Cbni» com rhac (ipdorand 
tbiq in the ear, halving b'U little in it. 

BLA'TA BIZANTIA [of byxantiwn, L, 
Cotiftantiao^ie» the place frotn whehca 
broughr] che tipper part of a ibell ckHed 
by rhe Latins Canshiiimn : Thefe (belli ara 
ot different (iies. but the form of them 
Qiuvetfal^r^ It thUc of the daW 6i a wild 
beaft. Ic is ufed in phyiick. 

BLATTA'RIA iBot^i^] ih«h«rbMoth- 
muUcD. jU BLA^ 


ILAIOK [ui Berdldry] it «n MoXttt 
%ord, and a certain author fays (ignifiet 
tho blowinig or winding of an horn, and 
fa introduced Into heraldry from an an- 
cient cuftom, that the heraUt (who were 
judges at ]\Ai% and toomaoicnts) pra&ifed 
of winding an hora, when they e»lain'd 
tnd-recor%d the atchleTemems otthofe 
Lnighcft that exeicifed, and by cuftom 
the word hat ohtain'd to fignify defcription 
in heraldry ; for to blazon is to delcribe 
the things Dorne in coat armour as they 
ought to be, with their proper figoifica- 
tionsand intendments. 

BLA'ZOMRY, fignifies the fame as 
Biaxm^ of which the noft general rules 

I. To name the metal or colour of the 
field, as or^ argm^ gules ^ fibU^ l^. 

z. The manner of the diyiHon of the 
Afcutcheon by line, whether ic be down 
right or bend wife, ^c. and alfo the 
dmerence of the line, vi%. Indaited^ lit" 
grMiUdt iffc. 

^ The chtrge that is on the (iey, 

4. Name the principal p;rc of the 6eld 
firft, if there be more than one occupied 
by the charge. 

5. Kame the chirge that is in the 
chief part of the field fir ft, i{ there be 
nore than one kind of chatgein it. 

6. Ufe no repetition of words in bla- 
toning the fame coat, efpecially thefe 
words, «f, w, andf with* 

7. There are three forms of Blazm, 
I. By metals and colours for gentle- 

aaen, who have no title of dif nirv. 

a. By precious ftones for nobility, as 
dukes, earls, ^. 

3. By planets, for emperors, kings and 
princes ; however the French^ from whom 
we had our heraldry, and all other na- 
tions, rejed this variety of forms, and 
ufe none but metals and colours tor all 

%, You muft obfeive, that metal upon 
anetalt and colour upon colour, is falfe 
heraldry. Yet there is an exception to 
this rule, as in the arms of Jerufalem^ 
which are argent, a crofs patent between 
four croJUts or i being metal upon me- 

BtB [in loftfay] the inward bark of a 
tree. F. 

To BLBACH [probably of lUttttU 
Teut' WtcktUt Du. or teblecen. Sax,] to 
whiten, to dry in the fun. 

BLfiAlCNESS, coldnefs of the wind. 

BLEAR-ryfd, htvin);. the ejctemal co- 
"veting ol the eyes red and turned om« 
Wards. ' 

BLEA'TiKG [ofbl«r«B» iiCcJ the 
frying of iheep. 


BIE'CHNON [/M;twr, Or.J a I 
of Strn or brake i alfo wild pen 

^ BLBB'DING [of b!eban, Saz.J ft 
ing or letting eut ot blood. 

BLB'NNA [0K(n», Gr.J thick I 
which comes irom the hram, anddift 
through the fmall holes of the noftrila 

BLEPHAHlDES [of y8xfMe«f, Or.] tl 
part of the eyelids where the hair groi 

BLBTHARO [of fi\ff^p^, GrJ t 
who has great brows or eye-lids, bea 

BLfilPHARON [fiK(f*eff>Gr,2 anr 

BLBPHAROXrSTUM J^of /^ipxeffi 
(vm to (crape off, Gr.] an in^rament i 
pulling hairs Out of fheeye4id. 

BLfi'SSEDNESS [of blepstaa, &g 
felicity, beatitude. 

BLBW Afantiel a tide peculiar to ( 

BLUB Motile | of the purfinTams 
marfhals at arms. 

BLIND Veffels [with Chym/hi] fuel 
have no opening but on one fide. 

BLINDS [in Fartificatimi] are bond 
of ofiers bound at both ends, and fet 
between two ftakes i alfo branches of iT) 
or pieces of wood laid acrofs upon 1 
trenches to bear up the bavins or hurd 
laid upon earth, which ferve to co' 
them, and fometimes canvafs, and foil 
times pltnks ere£^ed, to obfirufi the 
nemy's profpeft. F. 

BLl'NDFOLD [olblinb and ^alto 
S4z.'\ having the eyes covered. 

BLIND Csmcer, See FrimmeCtKL 

BLIND tfettU^ an herb. 

BLi'NDNESS [blindneyjTe, &tx.] wi 
of fight, a privation oi the feolacioa 
fight arifiog from a total deprivation 
the organs of it, or an involuntary < 
ftrudion of their fun&ioot. 

BLI'SFULNBSS [of blifp and JD 
Ait.] happinefs. 

To BLl'SSOM, ce leap as a ram d 
upon an ewe. 

To BLI'STER [lltt^Set, Vu,] to n 

BLITBS, a kind of beec, an herb t 
hss firarce any tafte or fcent. 

BLI'THNESS 1 [of bU'Seae/J 

BU'THSOMNESSfiAx.] abeti«v« 
pleai'ant or merry. 

BLITHLY [of be and li^, Stz* li 
briskly, readily, hSt^ apace. 

BLOACU, a poftole, wheal or Co 

BLOCK, a piecQ ef muUe u it coi 
I oac of the quarry. 


Digitized by LnOOQlC 


nXl [vtch Atowri] the perch] 
fkKT the hswk is kept. 

HOCK Udst a piece of lend ead- 
eLf.tto vUco is now celled free- hold 

ftvfr ILOCXS [to e ilvpj ere fuch 
ummti when mQch ttreogth is re- 
piit bectoie they will porcbefe wich 
tm tA ikaa fioeU hlocks, iho' much 

OOCXeid BLOCK [&tf term] e 

eu'i «ben (WO blocks meec, in 
isy tackle or hsllymrd, having fuch 
Ibfa belvtins to rbem. 

FSHILOCK [in a Stip^ is a block 
b| s a kaoc it the end of e davit § 
* de t^ i( ii to hale up the Hooks of 
te mdot (0 a ftip*s brow. 

SMTCH-BLOCK [in a Ship] is a 
^> ih(k with a Ihiver in it , and a 
■*[* a throqgh one of its cheeks , 
farAeaore leidy receiving in of any 
■^ If ii d9dht the lall of the wind- 

TiHJOaA'DE [Jlili'ltfry term] to 
■f »r Ik up all the avenues and paf- 
^ led luDder all isielligence being 
Itko or one of town or fbrtj lo 
dfttmir leoetve no relief 

iUHtlHEAD [ot block, Teut. and 
Ib^ && :he headj a ttupid, igno- 

•fi'CIim [of block, r«tf.] igno- 

n^CXlSHKBSS, llupioity, ^. 
JW>D [Di .to, jitt. and Daii.2 4 warm 
M a^ or h', moor circulating by 
■^Jtuietin ard veins tii rough eve- 
[J« « (he body s by microfcopes the 
"I'ffean to confift of liicle red glo- 
WMaaiia^ in an aqueous liquor, fup- 
IJnbeihe cmor vuiferum* 
JWDLESS [b;otolcjr, Sax-^ having 

HOQNDS, a kind of burning. 
|^>Utor their moft exquiiice fceorj 
' ^ |tme happen to be dead, or 
*^ U oiikes lis efcape trom the 
. cr if ic be UU*d and never lo 
^^•Mtd away, yet they will find 
•to to ir. 

8 Sy ]• two forts of herbs. 
.fflWNESS [of bloW^jrj*e,.W.] 
lioody in body; alio bloody- 

»M, the fpUUng of Uood, 

■^ lighter. 

^mmtpg itch [wich Fdmits] a 
^B krfes proceeding from an in* 
*^ of the Uood ; proceeding from 
l^rid or over-bard laboured, fo 
^^ blood feu boiween ihe skin 


and the flelb, and if noc cured will cfllb 
to a mange. 

BLOOD >X»^fffi, a diftemper of the 
eyes, when the blood veflels are very 
much extended, fo u to make the eyet 
appear red. 

BLOOD ^)MRrm [with fimrifri] t 
diftempeir in horfes, being a foit fwell- 
iitt that gr >ws through the hoof, and is 
uiuallj full of blood. 

BLOODING! [of Worm of blotrr- 

BLOO'MY I mian. Sat. bloObimug 
or in bloffom. 

BLO'SSOMLESS, without bloflfoms. 

BLO'SSOM C^our [in a Horfe] is fuch 
at when the hair is white, but inter- 
mix'd all over wich forrel and bay ha'rs* 

BLOVN IbnUng cf fugar'\ is when 
the fides of the copper-pan, in which the 
^ugar hu been boilad for a confiderable 
rime, h beaten wich the skimmer i and 
a perfon blowing through the holes of ic 
from one fide to the other, certain fparkt 
or fmill bubbles fly our, which is an in- 
dication, that the fugar is come to thac 
degree of boilmg. 

BLUfi Mlantle, the title of one of oar 
purfevants at arms. 

Tkrny^ BLUE, a blue ufed by painters 
by boiling a quarter of a pound of lurn- 
fole in a pint and half of water. 

BLU'ING ofmetidt [with GiidnsJ is 
the beating any metal till it has aiTumed 
a blue colour. 

BLU'NDERER, one apt to make Qiif- 
takes, or to ftumble or ao carelefly. 

BLUNT, having a dull edge or point. 

BLU'NTISH, fomeihlng blunt, not very 

To BLUR, to bloc or ftain piper wich 

To BLURT out, to fpeak raOiIy and 

BLUSH, a redoels in (he face proceed. . 
log from mpdefty. 

BLU'SHING, a pbinomenon in the a« 
nim2l ceconomy excited from a fenie of 
(hamc. Jsrc 

BO'A a kind of ferpenr, that follows 
herds of cattle, and fucks the dugs of 
cows. Tome of which have grown to that 
largeneftf that a young child was found 
in the belly of one in the time of the 
emperor Claudius^ 

BOA [with ?^/jw] adifcafe where- 
in red punplcs arife in the flefh like the 
meafles or fmallpox. £• 

To BOARl [with Hpr/enunJ a horfe 

To BORE J is faid to hour or bore, 
when he (hoou out his nofe as high u 
he can. 

7b he within BOARD lSt4 term] ts:3 
be within a ftip* 

Digitized by VnOOQlC 


^Tb Be vitbout BOARDi Is to be with- 
At the Ihip. 

7b throm over BOARD, is to throw out 
of the (hip into the Tea, \ffc. 

Tojdp ty the BOARD, is co flip down 
by the (hip's fide. 

To m,i}e a BOARD*"! [Sea phrafc] to 

To BOARD h up to} turn the fhip 
up ro the windward, fometimcs on one 
tack and fometimes on another. 

To make a good BOARD [Sea phia'e] 
iifed of ft ihip when (be has advanced 
much to the windward at one tack, or 

BOA'RlSHNlESSrof bajiiyc and ncyy:. 
Sax.'] fwtntih dirponrioc. 

BOA'STFUL, JavSiantious bragging. 

Mm the EOAT [Sea term! is to put 
the meu into her, chat are call'd the boac's 

To Jhift the BOAT {Sea langiiagej is 
to make Itft a rope round about t.^e bo«i 
by the gunwale, and to faften the boat- 
rope to ic in order to (fcieDgthen ch^^oat 
to endure her tow. 

To trim a BOAT, is to keep her even. 

To wind a BOAT, Is to cum her head 

Koyal BOB, the ftrong water called Ge 

BOB'to'/ [with Jrcbers"] is the fteel 
of an arrow or (baft, that is fmall brdafted 
and lirge towards the head. 

BOCARDO' [wiih LngiciatUj the fifth 
mode of the third figure. In afyllogffm 
in Bocardo, the firft propoCtion is parti- 
cular and negative, the fecond univerfal, 
and the middle term the fubjed in ihe two 
propofitions, 9s 

I. Some animal is not man* 

z> Every animal is endued with fin/a- 

3. Therefore there is fometbing endued 
with Jaifation bt fides man, 

BO'CHIA [with Ckymi/isi a glafs vef- 
fel wjrh a gren belly like a cucuibitc. 

BO'CKHORD [Boc-hojib, Sax^] a 
book.hoard, a place wheie books, wri 
tings, Itfc. are laid. 

BO'DIES 7 [cf bodi^je. Sax, the fta- 

BO'DlCEf turc or body] women's 
flays or bodice. 

BO'DKIN [botckin, probably C.B.I a 
long (ore of pin on which women ureaio 
joU their hair ; and alfo a (barp^ pointed 
Inilrument with a handle to make holes 
an hard things. 

BO'DKIN IVork, a fort of trimming 
a^cicmly u:ed for women's gowns, which 
Was mad- oftin'el or gold threads, purfie, 

^aturalifts^ a folid, exiaoded| palpable 


fubftance, compos'd of matter, form 
privation, according to the Peripatetid 
1. Of an aOemblage of hooked heavy 
toms, according co the Corpu/cularians 
Epicureani ; of a certain qnaniicy q( 
lenfion according to Dcs Cartes ; of a 
ftem or affociatton of folid, mifTy, hi 
impenetrable, moveable parades, ran) 
or difpofcd in this or rh«t manner 
cc rding to Sir Tfaac Nekton s whence 
fult bodies of or that torm, S^ 
guilb'd by this or chacmme; others 
fine body to be that which hasextenfi 
refiftirce, and is capable of motion. 

BODY, v.ith regard to animils, is i 
in oppofition to the foul, v/«- for ti 
parr compofed of bones, rrufcles, carj 
juices, rerv?s. )^. in which feiife b( 
makes the fubjeS of anatomy. 

BODY [v/'nh Geometricians] is a 4 
nitudc that has rhree dimeniioDs, let^ 
breadth and tbicknefi. 

Regular BODY l\nGe(metrj]oT\eyf\i 
has all the angles and (ides s as alfo 
the plants which compofe the forfi 
alike and equal 9 of which there arc 
more than (i/e kinds, the dodecaei, 
confining of 12 pentagons, the hex 
dron, icofacdron of ao, oftaedron oi 
pentagon?, and tetraedron of 4 angles i 
the cube of 6 fquaies. Thefc a}e cal 
Platonick bodies. 

BOBDRpMI'A [^i^l&iAU of ygis/ 
/uHr, Gr, /. e» coming to help] an A 
nian fc(livaK inltituted in memory of)! 
the fon of Xiitbtu, who came to the 
fiftance of the Athenians, in the rcigt 
king EreSbeus, when they were inva 
by Eumolpus the fon of Neptune* 

BOG [fome derive itof^aaSfSt^ 
to bend, becaufe it gives way when h 
trod upon, or quaggyEn^, or rather^ 
Sax, and ^uac, armonc, tender and f( 
Baxter] a mar(h-ground full of water 

BO'GGLE BOB, a bugbear to Iri 

BOGOMILES [of Bog God and m 
have merry in tne Bulgarian langutf 
according to Du Cange] a feA who w 
Anthropomorphites, Antitrinitarians, li 
that the world was created by evil ani 
and that it was the arch angel Gm 
that became incarnate. They rejcfiafi 
books of Mofes, admitted but 7 bo»li 
fcripture, and held that there was no i 
furre6lion but repentance. 

BOr^ [in Old Zecords] chains or 
ters. X. 

BOI'ARS fin Mufcovy] certain gi 
lords of the czar's court who admi^ 
juftice, try caufes, and aic the miinf 
of ftate. 

Digitized by LnOOQlC 


.IMQKI^GA, aa laiintl [inXNm^ 
|)ai\ the ractle-iiiAke, whafe bice is 
lfa%,cMept t fpeedf icm^df be ap- 

*WniSC [in P^|(Ec(^] die igitation 
tf liiBa bodv, ftri&Dg itom iire being ap. 

HlinXOOSNESS, tempeftuoofncft. 

jmoNACH [3«A9] tlie plant Sac- 

mDNBSS [baUneJfc, SaxJJ un- 
isesK^I ilfo impndeoie. 

lOlE [ia ytdkimej is nied in general 
ii fcftni kiocs ot eanh that are uCcd 
^^GdiVCH pieoaracions. 

WiTOS {MItw, Gr.] ihericheft 
id bet lor f'i mQOiroom. X. 

WyiUKDlSTS, certain JefuitJ oi Jut- 
wft tto have been many yeais, and are 
^v^d mcoUeaiog the iiYCSof Xo^ 

laiO'NIAN Stcae Ih call'd o(Bolpgaa 
h fteh vbeie found] ft weighty, grey, 
tt, ^pinreoas ftoue, which is about 
AiSuott large waliMit, which when 
k t broken has z kind of chryftal or 
hnj :tik within it. A Ihoomaker ha. 
% imi fome of tbefe ftones at the foot 
tiwaett FaUrmo calciVd them, hoping 
\ liKiift fiber out of them} but tho' 
W«K ^ppoLited in this his expe£^a* 
ibb }ci te diTcoverM this ftraqge phsB- 
JtoB> that when the ftoue was expo- 
fliB%h', it would retain It, and alter- 
feMu tine in the dark. 

It (kfe ftones efter calcinadon be ex- 

ets tke light in the air, as in one's 
•K of a window (but not to the 
hkm) for the fpace of a minute, and 
^CBfiedinto a dark place, they will 
like kindled coals for fomt time 
MB lay fenrib'.e heat. This light 
ipUly abate, but may be renewed 
a ^ being expofcd agaia to ibe light 
^it ivf as before i and this quality 
A^viH letain for 3 or 4 years. And 
^ koi it may be reneweid again by 

"NiJ IB7 figures be drawn on paper 
Ipie white of an egg, and the crufl 
jMkakaed ftone powder'd be ftrew*d 
-^^ wet, and afterwards dry'd in 
jffcfc, and the pifkore pat in « frame 
yjj i before it, end be afterwtrds 
^Wb the light wicli the glafs coyer 
^xajStt any tiine Ihine if removed 

|.^T4IEAD fwtth Cbmfi^l • long 
jgfca fcktdabft veflel for diftillattonsy 
Hf^ ^ &ted to the nofe of an alem- 
mnnm, h com • B^cnwr 1 and 


when tbe teck of one ia.wtll Joined to 
the neck of another it i^ called a doubly 

fSmd BOLTS T fin • SBip J are 4 

Rader BOLTS j fort of bolu ^gj^ 
with long and thick heads, and ilruck in* 
tb the uttermoft wal«s or bends of ths 
fhip, to fave the fides of her from hurts 
gaJlings and bruifes. * 

Set BOLTS fin a Ship"} are a fort of 
bolts ufed for forcing ilie planks and o* 
iher works, and bringing c},cm dofe to. 

Riag BOLTS fin a Ship! are bolt* 
jpade ufe of for bringing to of theplanks^ 
and thofe parts^ to which the breechea 
and tackles of the ordnance are iaften'd. 

Tranfutn BOLTS [with Gmmeri} ar« 
bolts which go betwixt the chee):s of a 
gun-<«rriage to flrengthen the tranfumtm 

Trife BOLTS [wiih Gumertl large 
knobs of iron on the cheek of a caiw 
riage, wi;ich prevent the h^ndfpike front 
Aiding, when it is poifing (^ the breach 
of the piece. 

Traverfg BOLTS fwith Gmnert] two 
Ib^rr bolts, put one into each end of aa 
£flSg/{/Xy mortar-carr age, whicb ferV« td 
traverfe the mortar. 

BracJiet BOLTS [with Oimeni^ bolts 
which go through the cheeJu oi a mor* 
ttr, and by the help of the coins keep ic 
fix*d to the elevation given her. 

Jfa^ BOLTS [in a Ship] are fuch at 
have jags or barbs on eacn fide to keep 
them from flying out of the hole in whidi 
they are. 

C^r«i^ BOLTS fin tShipJ bolts that ar^ 
clenched with a rivetti'ng hammer, at chq 
end where they come throt^h. 

Drive BOLTS [in ttSifip] are longple* 
ces or iron, which are ufed to drive out 
other bolts, rree>nails or the like. 

forelock BOLTS [in a Shtp"} are thofe^^* 
which have a forelock of iron at thd 
end driven in to keep it from ikartiatf 

BOATING [in Gf0fS-tHtH a kind of 
exercife or arguing cafes among the Un- 

BO^LUS [with rkjficians} a medicind 
prepared of a confifkence fomewhat thick- 
er than honey I being a quantity thac 
can be taken on tko point of a knife ac 
one mouthful. 

BOLUS Armomaaut /• «. Bole Jma^ 
fl|«c>a a fort of cnimbting earth or ftoMO 
found in ArmemM^ ufed by Tbjficlmuvtd 
Psinters, __ 

BOLE Armena [with Clgprn-* 7r% 
cai tf^rken} i$ fxprefltd by cbif /XJ 

I! *9M» 

Digitized by VjOOQ 1 ^ 

B O 

BOMBS iGun- 
ntry ], large 
(hells of caft 
iron I having 
hrge vents to 
re eivc the fa- 
fecs, rhcfc fu- 
of wood, and 
drove ^uH of a 

mide of meal 

>owccr, mipnar and liu-pctre. After the 
>omb has been gird with this powder, 
the fufee is driven into the veni wi-htn 
SID inch of the head, and pitct.'d over to 
preferve it, they uixafe the fufee E, when 
they put the bomb into the mortar and 
fak if with meal-powder, which having 
taken fire by the flaHi o( the powder in 
the chamber of t e mortar, burns ftU the 
time the bomb is in the air, and the 
compofition in the rufee being fpenc* it 
£re8 the powder in the bomb with a 
great force, bl wing ap whatever is a- 
oout it, and the great he'ght it goes in 
the atr, and the torce with which it falls, 
makes it f o t^eep into the earth. 

BOMBA'RDEERS, they are x^ ^n num- 
ber, one chief and 24 under him, cfta- 
bli(bed in the office ol ordnance at a yearly 
falary; their employment is about the 
mortars, they drive in the fufee, fire the 
bomb, load and fire the mortars, work 
with the fireworkers on all forts of fire. 

BOMBYCI'NE, filk yarn or filken doth 
made of fitk, filken. 

BONA DEA, a Roddcfs worlhippcd 
by the Greeks and Hfimans, The Greci- 
4ns fuppofed her to be one of the nurfes 
ot Bacchus, and not 'to be named. The 
Romans fuppofed her to be the wife of 
Eaunus a king of Italy, and chief of the 
pryades* Her rites were performed only 
by women, and no man admitted, in token 
of her :haftity. 

BONA TOTA fwith Botan^s'i a tree 
that grows in moft of the Caribbee iflands 
belonging to America in height 5 or 6 
yards, whofe leaves are 4 foot and half 
long, and a foot and hah broad s tht fruit 
of it has a medicinal quality. 

BCMaSUS [ Bpwai^, Gr. ] a' wild 
bead that has the head of a bull, and the 
body and mane of an horfe, which when 
faunrod, fcves himfelf by his ordure, which 
he^ throws out in fuch abundtnce and fo 
noifome, chat the hunters are obliged to 
leave off the purftiit. 

BO'NDAGE [of l^onte. Sax.'] feiricDde, 


•WD SOCOMB IConaim latf^ • cu 


ftom of the tenants being bonn^ to gi 
their rorn at the lord's mill. 

BOND [in Carpmry] a term ufed^ 
make good bond fignifics fatten a r.r m 
pie. PS together, either with rcnanci 
or m rrifrg^ or dove-tailing. 

BO'NELESS [of banleaj", Sox.^ w 
out bones. 

BONHO'MMES [/. e. good men] 
orde. found-d by Francis de Pauia^ cal 
all'.' Minorites or Friers Minors. 

BO'NITY [bonitas, i.] goorfne's. 

Tbejhip has her Courje and BONK 
abroad ISea phrafe] is as much ajs to i 
fte has the bonnet adied to her couj 
wbi.-h belore flie had not. 

BO'NNINESS {pibonus^ £.] fprocttM 
flevcr efs. 

BONUS HENRICUS [i, e. G^od-Hen 
an herb. 

BO'NYNESS, a being bony or lull 

BOO'KISHNHSS [of boc, Smx,^ difl 
fition to read books much. 

BOO'MING [Sea term] ofed of a I 
when fhe makes all the fail Ibe can, 1 
is then faid to come booming, 

BOO'RISHNESS, clowniflinefs. 

BOOTS, the plane called alfo Ma 

BOOTES fye^f an ox and ^^im ro dri 
I. e. the ox-driver] the name of a w 
thern cot.flellation, containing 34. fta 
called alfo Araopbytaxy and in EnBi 
King Charks'i mm. ^ ^ 

BOOT, a kind of torture for crimto 
to extort a confeffion from them, 
means of a boot or ftocking of pan 
ment wetted and put on the leg, a 
then brought near the fire, in fiirinld 
K fqueezes violently and caufcs intolera! 

BOOT [in &ottoi4] a fort of rack 
putting an iron bar on the leg of a o 
minal, and driving an iron peg oa j 
fliin-bone ; alfo four thick, ftrong boar< 
bound round with cords ; of which ta 
are put between the legs of an offendi 
and the two others placed one on o 
fida and the other on the other* 
that the legs being fqueeied by the boai 
with cords break the leg. This ig dq 
left off in Engiand, but continues in Set 

BOO'TY [butin, R or of bettte, »• 
or of bate, Dir.] prey, fpoil, pfllag 

To play BOOTY, to prevaricate, 1 
play a lofmg game to draw in othora 

BO'RAXfCW] >f T f" 

'■■■ cd w 5 

is exprefs'd by one 


Digitized by VnOOQlC 


BORDBR, jD|g. r f fa 

m m^'^^] ^ ^ oraiDary, fo 
f^^caUed becaafe ic borders 
^^PV looadt and as ic were hems 
I btbe field. The fr^sc^ he- 

.Atcba this ihe 9ch amonc their ho- 
«J*Fi«»; but the Eagt^ heralds 
W^asdt it as ftich, but only as a 
^SKs; though thef do allow of the 
Msfafamive as iiicb, and isrepre- 
mti 8 k the figure. 

fc*n<ir or Btrdare is accounted the 
pW rf proteftioo, favour and reward 
■ja below'd by kings on fuch as they 
J* * 'V** ^ ** * fu'c dctcncc a- 

*yK»t fwith Prkdersl an oma- 
■*<icwen, fcro Is, ^c. fee about 
■t Bfsi ol fnu',1 comp'^'itioos. 

JWm [«irh Flori/Ji j are the mid- 
JJJWB that ftaod ^bout the thrum of 

«>SmLO [of bojib, Sax.^ at firft 
7« *W i« fif^rity ai y fma.! cottage, 
J^o* •kich being become iirfam >>$ by 
^^^^ common <«le-'icufc$ andb.iw- 
2*^ Hi harbours rorftrumpcr* ; by 
2fjj**,«^« Bwde lr<^l Ur bordcL 
mS^ "PM^y a ftew or bawdy ho- f-, 
! ^y •>aBk of the river of Thames, 
r*""^ o' the bridge, and next to tne 
""UJJ^ ^« fometiffles the bo deHo 
^*^ a pitce fo called ot ccrta-n 
JJ^ hoofrs prfvileged there or in- 
^^tacaio repiir to incontinem wo- 
^"Vf*** privilege there was an 

J**™yU. in which thcfc were fome 
H* »^w: That no ftew-holdcr. Or 
^y^ ftoald hinder any fingle woman 
^^Btnd coming freely ai all rimes 
^L^r^'* nor to keep any woman 
^2ri ^ f^f ftc ftould board a- 
y^'tet pletfure : Thai they (hould 
. »j»re for the woman's chamber 
J^HAaweek. That they (hould not 
J? ^ their doors on holy-days. 
lii u. t!f '^ona* *ould be kept a- 
JJJ "f »iIL That ?hey ftould not re- 
j^«^^^'Mti of religion nor any 
ttij^J^, That DO wngle woman take 
^^JT^' '« with any, but Ac may lie 
•tfv k!f ^*^^^ "^^ '^* morrow. That 
* ito-i ^*P ''^y woman that hath 
^j^-** infirmity of burning j nor fell 
2v*>^ft, fiflL wood, coal, or any 
SjV* Thefe ftew houfes were 
U^ V^ Che lime of kinj^ Henry VI. 
^JJJtoiiibitedin the rei^n of king 
J^"* and the doors fl»ut up j but 
jL^liini but were put down in 
^ ^ ^Benry YIII. in tiieyetr 

B O 

BORE trett « kind of flmb. 

BOREA'SMOI [Biftda^/uot, GrJ «■ 
^^p»M feftival in honour ot Boreas [L 
e, the north wind] who had an aUar in 
Attica^ and was rhou&ht to bear fome re- 
la* ion to the Athenians, having married 
Oritfyay the daughter of Eredyeus j for 
which reafon, "when in a fei-fight, a 
great many of their enemies O^ios wero 
deftroyM by a north wind, r e Athenians 
imputed it to the kindnefs Boreas bad for 
his w?!p*$ narive country. 

BORITH [nn5» H'^^] an herb or 
fort ol foap which fullers ufe in fi:ouring 

BORYTTES, a gem or jewel of a 
black co'our, ? irh fpots of red «»»d white. 

BO'RROWER [of boji^iarf,&fcr.J one 

whn hot' i>W8. 

BO'SCU$[0/d IijapjiU manner of wood* 

BO'SKY, h9l' or quite fuddled. 

BO'SPHORUS [jSoir^^jOfiSKfanox 
A J vo^e/<t a paiTa^, q.d» ^ paflage paf- 
fable by oxen, or of f^pn to bear, from 
'he poeti'-al labie that Tno beine .trans- 
formed into a cow, paded thisuralt] a 
ft rait or narrow neck of the Tea, which 
feparates twocontinenrs i by which means 
a gulf and i Tea or 2 Teas have a commu* 
nication one with another* 

BO'SSAGB [with ArcbiteSst is a term 
ufed o£ "ny ft one that has a projcfture, 
and IS laid in its place in a building un* 
cut, to be afterwards carved into mould- 
ings, capitals, ]^c. alfo that which is cal- 
led a ruftick work, and con(ifts of ftones, 
teeming to advance beyond the nakednefs 
of a building, by reafon of indentures or 
channels lerc in the joinings. 

BOSSE [probably of ifoffet F.] a con- 
duit built after the manner of a gor-bellied 
or tun bellied figure. 

BOSTRYCHITES [of yPer^t/X®-, Gr. 
a bulb of hairl a gem or jewel reprefenc- 
ing a lock orour^ of a woman's hair. 

BO'TANIST ibotanicus^Ubotanifie^F.^ 
an herbalift. 

BOTA'NOMANCY { fioTctnjuAf^rtitt of 
fiorettn r^n herb and and /u«rTiia,Gr- di- 
vination J a divination by herbs, and efpe* 
ciaily by thofe of fage or the fig tree. 
The perfons that conrulrcd, wrote their 
own names and their qneftions uponleaves,- 
9*ich they expofed to the wind, and as 
-many of the letters as remained in their 
own places were taken up, and bei^g 
joined togcrher* weie accounted an an* 
fwer to the queftfon. 

BOTANO SOPHISTS [ of /Sirdfn an 
herb and otft^c afophiftcr, Gr.J abo« 
tanift or one skillM in herbs. 

BOTHE'NA \0ldJjm2 a barony, lord- 
(hip or Iberi^lck, 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 


lOTKOR [id Medkme] cartain pinplei 
In the fa e which fpread abour, boc foon 
'fUppurate* run with matter, and di£ip- 
pear $ alfo pimpres is other parts » the 
itnall pox or meafles. X. 

BOTHRION [/?«%«r of ySo-^/i^ a 
ditch. Or..'} a kind of hollow, narrow and 
hard uiccr in the tunica cornea s -aUb the 
ibcker of the teeth. 

. BOTRYS [/?0T/.t/V, Gr.J the herb Oak 
of jferufakm. 

To BOTTOM off [a Drinking term] 
to drink the laft draugiit of a poc of drink, 
,or the hft gbfs of a bottle of wine. 

BO'TTOMlESS [of botm, and lea/, 
iStfr.] having no botcoin. • 

^ BOTONE' [in Heraldry] 

as t crois Botwe terminates 
at each end in 3 buds, knots 
or buttons^ tefcmbling in 
fome meafure tlie 3 leaved 
g-sift ; yy i'omc ¥7encb au- 
thors alfo called Croix Trefie^ as in the 
figure. . 

,* BOVl'tLON [with Knr/fri] Is a lump 
of fie & or exciefc ence growing either Uj). 
.onpr juil by thefiuib, which makes the 
/rufb fhoot out like a lump, whi.h is cal- 
led the flefh blowing upon the fru(h, and 
makes a horfe h^lr. J^ 

BOUl'LLON, broth made of feveral 
forts of boild meat. F. 

BO'ULDER ^/i//i [ Archite!=f^'\ ccr- 
tain walls built of round flin:s or pebbles, 
laid on a ftrong mortar s ufed where (he 
fea has a beach caft up, Iffc. 

BO'ULETB [ with Horfemenl a term 
ufed ofaiiorfe, when the fetlock or paf- 
tern joint bends forward, and out of its 
natural Gtuation. F. 

BOULTI'NB [with Arcbiteas] a con- 
vex moulding, whofe convexity is but 
« X 4: h of the circle, and is placed next be- 
low the plinth In the Tufcan and Dorick 

. A BOUNCE, a fuddcn noife, as of gun- 
powder, Isfc. alfo a boaft. 

To BOUNCE, to brag, to vapour or 
fpeak boaAingly; alfo to make a crack 
\vith a very loud noife, as gun-powder. 

BOU'NDEN [of 'bonfe, ^iz.J pertain- 
ing to obligation,. Iffc. 

XO'UNDLESSNESS [of. bonWcaji^ 
Sax* 1 having no bounds or limits. "^ 

BOU'KTEOUSNESS lofhonte, F.of fo- 
mtas, X.].a giving plenteoufly, 

BOU^NTIFULNESS, falnefs of bounty, 

To BO'UKGEON iBowrgeonner, R'} to 
bud, CO ihoot, CO put forth buds, 
^ BOUT[ofbeht;en,'&».cobeaiJ^'<'ke, 
)llow, actempc, trial. 

i fpUT [with mfcim} t tern xStA 


of « hor/e, when he is over-donej 
quite fpcnt with fatigue. 

BOW [boja of by^an. Sax. to be 
an in'Vrnmeitt for fliooting arrows. 

BOW [with Mathematicians'} an fnl 
ment formerly ufed' in navigation to c 
Che height of the Sun. 

BOW [with Sbipmigbts'i a bean 
wood or brafs, with } long fcrews 1 
diredalach of wood or fleel to anyp 
commonly ufed to make drauglus of A 

A told BOW [of a Ship] is a bx 

lesrt BOW [of a Ship] is a narrow 1 

BOW Pieces [in a Ship} are thcpii 
of ordnance at her bow. 

BOW Anchors 1 anchors that are < 

BOWERS f ried in tke ft 

To BOWEL lofhcyeau^ F orfatt* 
X* a pudding] to take out the bowels 

BOWER [of buji of bojic, Sax. a j 
lour] an arbour made or covered w 
greens interwoven. I 

A BOWGE of Court* See Boi^^. 

To BOWL [^ouer a la bwUt K] 
pUy with bowls rn 4 bowling green, \ 

A BOWL [bolls. Sax. boule, F.] a < 
fel or cup ot wood, metal or earti 
ware to drink out ot. 

CivcJ^rivBOW-LmB •) l^Seattn 

Eafe the BOW-LINB > which i 

£Mi«^rlvBOW.LlNB ^ port, la 
be more flack. 

To BOWLT a Coney {Hunting term 
bouter. P.] to ftart or put up a coney. 

BOWSING upon the tack [wiii> S 
loTs} fipnifiss bailing upon the tack. 
. BOWYERS. this com-'" 
pany was incorporated 
Amo i6ix ; but had 
been a fraternity long 
before ; and the compa- 
ny doubtlefs more emi- 
neq; when the long-bow 
was more in ufc, before 
the invention of" gun powder. Th( 
arms are argent upon a chevron becwc 
3 floats, as nnany mullets. 

BOX [box.tjieop,^itt.]thebox-in 
or box- wood. 

BOX [in Trafick} certain dtflere 
Quantities and weights of certain cohuik 

BOX and Needle [with Mathemm 
ans} a fmall compafs apply'd to a theod 
lite or other fuch inftrument tiied in ft 
veying, }pc, 'to find out how any place 
fituated, by the point of a needle, coik 
ed with a loadtton«*s polming cowii 
iheM»rtfc. . . 


Digitized by VjOOQIC 

MT [proli. of wAtft Gr. hm Mafevus 
Mm it oft Me, Tttd''] a male child, a 

lOflSHNESS, the tding Hire a boy. 
uimER [of IraUeUii, Du^l a 

»a»jier, t bnwler. 

lim'KT, fo c«l!ed of Brabo:, a wo- 
l^Uia, and relation to Juliut CApsr^ 
kneaded him in his Gallici expedi- 
Aa. A dntchy. The people of Ant' 
*if rD you a liofy ot a giant rliac was 
S*"^ h^ Brabo, ch^c had a caftle 
^^MKTp is now bailt, whoufedio 
■^ flf ik binds of all chac he cook, aiid 
%9vilem tKo the Scheldt whom Brabo 
^ iacfae fame maniier. 

IKIQ [a Oauing term] a coaple 4x 
I^ieofbocks, doesy foxes, hajesjjgfc. 

U^ [at AfiltfBj a meaiure equal co 

ttiCE£ai Verucel a meafnre f qual ro 

TaffiACE rW&rJ [&rf phrtfe] is lo 
■Htlejvdu) either fide. 

-BKA'CEV fiTiJkraldry] 
the intermingling of ^che- 
1 leronels. as Azurey a chief 
or ar.d 3 cheveronels, bra- , 
I ced 10 the. bafe of the ef- 
IKitrELHTS IM tjcords] hounds or 
ia(ia otiiw fraallerand lower kind. 

ffiA'CHlA [in BoUmidt writers] the 
■■t of irces, }ffc. aie thofe thicker 
hakg inco which the tnink is divid- 
ed ^ my of fimilitude, taken from the 
ii« lis human bod/. 1. 

HlTrilEUS Exterma [with Anai ] 
I ad&of the C^itui, which feems to 
k lit third beginning of the Gemellus ; 
alvhichis iofened with it in the cavity 
i iithc ftoQl()eT*boae which receives the 

lUCHlJEUS Jiif^raKi [with Anaio- 

t] 1 mofLle of the elbow, arifmg 
steiaoer part of the ihoulder-bone, 
Mtnfertbo of t he Z>f/for<i^i and Corn- 
iMidu mnfcies. is implanted to the 
^ai fore^part otthe bone Vina. I. 
l&tHlALE, thewrifl s alfo a brace. 
«j*icer J a wrift-band. 
fUCRl'OLUM. a little arm. X- 

B R. 

■■fcertl joints, that the end or point 
yfefe i to any degree of the aflrolabe^ 
^■« called a creeping index. 
WCHIUM [ with AnatomUlt ] a 
•■jr <rfthe body, confifiing of the arm, 
w^ fi> ca!led, the elbow and hand. 
"JJACHIUM [wfth BotiOiWi] the sum 
fH^ofiucCy a braach. X. 

BKA'CHMANS -J [fo called o^Brach^ 
BR A'MENS > man or Brtunba, the 
BRA'MINS J prefcribcr oi their 

rights or laws] priefts or learned men in 
E4/i fydia^ anciently a fort of philofopbers, 
which front their going naked were called 
gymnofophifls, and were to ihe/ii«(t<iRj.8a 
the Cbaldcei to the Ajfyrianit and the Magi 
to zhcperfianj, and theDruids to the ancicnc 
Britainj and Gauls, They were had in 
great revere^.cc by the people, living for 
the moll part auftere andfolitary lives, in 
caves and deferts, feediog upon herbs, be* 
ing poorly apparelled, and for a time ab- 
ftaintng from all carnal ploifures s their 
opinions were, that the god Achari or 
mfinucTtzttA the world by the admini* 
ftration of three perfe& beings, whom bo 
had 6rft made for that defign : Thefe 
tht;ee aie Bramba, i. e- penetration, by 
this he created the univerfe ; hyBrefibem, 
i. e. ezifting in al! things, he pr eferves it } 
and by AQbaddia, i.e. the great lord, he will 
dettroy ir. They pretend to have receiv* 
ed four books from Bramba, in which 
books all knowledge is comprehended, and 
they^ hold the Metemp/ycbofii or tranfmi- 
gration of fou's, thro' feveral human bo- 
dies and beads, before they can arrive as 
pleafure, and being purely /piritual; an>l 
tor this reafon they teach, that it ia noc 
lawful to kill, and eat any thing that it 
killed, and none of their tribes do eat any, 
but their foldiers ; they alfo hold the flefli 
of cows and peacocks as iacred, and there- 
fore they abftaia from it, and build hoi* 
pirals for lame and derayd beafts, and buy 
birds of the Mahometans to fet them ac 
liberty. Bytheirauftere lives, great faft« 
irrgs, teaching the people, and expound* 
ing the myfteriesof their religion to them, 
they have gotten a great awe over the 
people, all over the Jbidies^ and efpecial* 
ly upon the Maldhar coafts« and the brides 
ire committed to the Bramens to be blef* 
fed by them, that the marriage may bo 

BRACHE'RIUM, a crufs ufed in rap* 

BRA'CHIAL [of braclnum, i.] per- 
taining to the arm. 

BRA'CKISNESS [of B^icl, Du. ialt] 

BRADS, a fori of flender naib without 

BRAIN I metaphorically 2 J» ^^ ^ 
wit and judgment. 

BRA'NCA urfina [Botdny] brink urfi* 
ne, or bearVfoot. 1. 
. BRArNtESS [of lltffLtt Du. bjie^ 
^n, Sax. the brain] witlefs. 

BRAl'N-SICK, crary.hcadcds alfo fic- 
kle, unconftanc. BRAI'Sll 

Digitized by Gc?*fi*** 


BKAI'SBS [in Cookefyl mettittffed ^ 
i* tn-aixe, is either neac broiled upon the 
coals, or elfe baked in a campaign oven 
between two fires, one above and the 
other below. 

BRAN [of bojin. Sax, a river] at the 
beginning or end of the names of places, 
denotes it to be apLace at or near a river) 
as Branfim. 

BRANCH [by Botamfii] U defined to 
be the divifion of a ftalk of a plant ; in 
trees it is often called a bough* 

A /ynit BRANCH [with Gardeners'] 
that which fhoois one of the cut ot the 
preceding year, and ii naturally of a 
confiderable tfaicknefs. 

A BRANCH half wood [with Garde- 
Iters'] is one that is too grofs for a fruit 
branch, and too {lender for a wood branch. 

Spurious wood BRANCHES [with Gar- 
slenerj] are fuch as come otherwife than 
i/om the cuts of the pieceding year s be* 
caufe branches ihould never come, but 
from thole of the laft cut. 

BRA'NCHED [in Heraldry] denotes a- 
ay thing fpread into branches. 

BRA'NCHES [vfiih ArcbiuSs] the ar- 
ches of Gotbiclt vaults, which arches tranf- 
▼erfing from one angle to aix>ther, dia* 
gonal*wife form a crofs between the o- 
ther arches which make the fides of the 
fanare, of which the arches are diagonals. 

BRA'NCHIA [^e^;^/*, Gr. J the gills 
of fiihes which are compofed of cartila- 
ges and membranes in the form of a leaf, 
which ferve infteadoflungs torefpire by. 

BRA'NCHINBSS, thefulnefs or fpread- 
ing of branches. 

BRA'NDEUM, "a little bit of doth 
wherewith the bodies of famis and mar- 
tyrs have been touched, put in a box, and 
IbewQ as a relick to fuch as defire it ; or a 
piece of a Corporal on which the cucha- 
rift or hoft had been laid. This fuper- 
flicion was introduced as early as the year 

BRANK Vrfin. See Branca Vrfina. 

BR ASM ATI AS, a kind or earthquake, 
when the earth moves direftly upwards. 

BRA'SSICA IBotany] cole-wort s alfo 
colly-flower, i.. 

BRA'SSICOURT *! [with Borfemenl 

BRA'CHIGODRT f an horle whofc 
fore legs are bended naturally. 

BRA'SSINBSS [of bpasJTine/ye, Sax,J 
a being bra (Ty* 

A BRAVE 1 [unfaux Brave, FJ a 

A BRAVO I bully, a heAoring blade, 
afwaggering fellow. 

Tb BRAVE it Ibravcr, F.] to aS the 
bravo, ro Jare, to hefior, to aiJront. 

BR.A'VERIES [of braveries, F.] brave 
ftdioos, noble ezploics. 


BKAUKcyNlA lH&tfffmU, Gr.J c 
Mbenian feftival celebrated to Diaua^ eal 
led Brauronia of Brauron an Athenian bo 
rough, where was the famous ft a cue e 
this ^oddefs, which was brought froa 
SmbiaTauricabyJpbigettia. The vi^n 
offered in facrifice was a goat, and certaii 
men fuu one of Homer's Iliads, The mot 
remarkable perfons at this folemntry yfrer* 
young virgins, about ten years of age 
habited in yellow gowns, and confecratec 
to Diana, Thefe were called "AfX*^** 
i, e* bears, ior the following reafon 
There was a bear among the FblasdeU 
the inhabitants of a borough of Attica^ 
which was To far diveded of its natural 
fierceneffli, that it became fo tame and 
tradable, that they ufually admitted it to 
eat and |>lav with them, and it did them 
no harm i but a young maid once unlucki- 
ly happening to be too familiar with it, 
the bear core her lo pieces, and was after- 
wards fltin by the virgin's brethren. Af- 
ter this a dreadful peHilence happen*d in 
Mtica i Uz remedy of which, they were 
advi/ed by an oracle to appeafe the anger 
t>f Diana for the bear, by confe. ratirg 
virgins lo her in memory of it. The A- 
tbenians pnn^ually executed this com- 
mand, and enafted a law, that no virgin 
Aould be married till ihe had performed 
this ceremony. 

BRA'WNINESS (of brawn, of ban and 
Jiun, Sax.] (inewineis, hardnefs and ftrong* 

BRAY", in the ancient GauJi/h language, 
fignifies wee or marihy ground, and U 
found in many f)rencb names of places, as 
Fbllunbray, Guibray, Vanbray, Jgrc 

BRAY [in Falconry] a pannci or piece 
ofleather flltto bind up the wings of aa 

BRA'ZED [in £^^dry7 as three che- 
verons braxed, i, e, one dafping another^ 
it is derived of the French word bras, 
which fignifies an arm; mens arms being 
often folded one with another. 

BRA'ZENNESS [of Brafs] appearing 
like brafs ; alfo impudence. 

To clear a BREACH, is to remove 
the rubbifh out of it. 

BREADTH [bnatony)^/e,^fi».]broad- 
nefs, widenefs. 

A BREAK, a turninc bankrupt, a being 
or pretending to be insolvent. 

To BREAK a Horfe in trotting [with 
Horfemen] is to make him tight upon the 
hand by trotting, in order to make hiav 
fit for a gallop. 

To BREAM tfj3Ei^. See ToBromu 

BREAST [bjicojrlCt Sax,] a promiuCne 
flefhy part on the ouifide of the Tbcraxof 
a human body, whoTe uie in women is' ta 
^ f fepatata 

Digitized by VjOOQ l^ 

>tai cbe mik; and icisaifo one of 
i aree Tenters or hollow fpaces in an 
MlbodfwkichcOQiaiaiihe hevc and 

ToUElTHfiCprob. of bjli'*8ian, 
k.j»iccdre aod dilcharge tti4 air «s 

HilTHABLE] [of bJl.'Siin, Sax,"] 
^eajbe breached or irawn nro the 
%ibf bmihiog, as a breatbabk air, 

JlfiTHLESS, Toid of breath, dead. 

IIDWITE [Bjieab ptJe, A/ac.] sn 
■potdea of amen-iaineiics or ftucs for 
i^ is the tBut of bread. 

T« BREECH, [o wh-p. 

tUED [ wich Uorfemm 1 a p'ace 
«be snres for breed and nallions are 
kp<^ « order to raife a find. 

&IH!>ING[otbpeban,£2z.] produ- 
031, kwMji^ i ftlfo education. 

liKl [braia, hal, brifi, F.] a frefh 
|tirofwio^blovriD| from xhe fea or 
i^ugjmt\j for fome certain hours 
^ de ^7 or lughc oolj fenfible near che 

UE'GSa tj^yfjut, of j0/»^x» t<> ^* 
V, ksde ihoiie pans are generally 
•*^to be moiftj che forepart of tliC 
J^J or, ss fome fay, the f->rchcad 
">, or cbefide and (helTing bone of che 
<^«« ofi each fide of che St^ttal Su- 

jfePHOTROPHY [hrepkotropbia.L. 
^m^xfy^ of )9^tf«c a babe, and 
^, Gr, aoariibfflencj an hofpual iur 

«ETF$$E [:n BerOdry^ U in French, 
•* dkef frequently call ii BufionadtSy 
•j* £igii(A' call embacded, com:cr 
2*«^i t^at is embattled on both 

MiTiATaRE, an abbreviation, jjrc. 
^HVIE'K, a fmall fort of priotinf^- 

JitlS^finBoftfuici Wrirets] fliort, 

^nORl (borter. breviore, brevi- 
J^\\i% J or/, irevioribHS^ wich 

•J«^1S Falmdris [ urJch Anatomfis ] 
?J*n; the Aponew^s of the /»ii/. 
^•rififtg from the bone of che JlCe- 
l^'^vbich futlaini the licde finger, 
^rjf^ tnnfvcrfly from that bone and 
"••AeGii^, which lies above the 
Jr» •J k iotened into the eighth bone 
]^ (mpm. The nfe of it is to 
S^ P>loi of the htnd concave or 

ijjjpsjtfdii {Anat.'icomtt from the 

S^^ fupcrior part of che UZw, 
■fi round che Stad'tHt, and is in- 
^ Um fttperiar and fore ptn of 


ic below the teudon o^' che Biceps, Ics 
ufe is CO curn che palm of che hand up. 

RREVI'SSIMUS -) the flierceft Brevif- 

BREVI'SSM A Viimo, brevt^md bre^ 

BREV1S$IMUM3 viffimii, JL. with 
che ihoricft. 

BRE'WERS were in- 
corporated Anno 1414. 
che Vlth year of Benrj 
VI. and confirm'd ihe 
fccond of queen Elizd- 
hitb cheir arms are 
Gules, on a chevron 
argent between chree 
filiires of garbs, or a« 
many cun$ fahU' 

Their hail is ficuace on the norchfida 
oi Addle Jlfeet. 

BRIA'REUS, the poccs tell us chac Bri* 
^eus had a^i hundred hands, buc che cruch 
of chis uble is chis : Briareus Cottus, and GjF- 
gel dwelt in a city of Oreftias called HcCU' 
tonchir'ul^iXATWx^ti^t i-^. an hundrci 
hanJs) hence ic was a common faying, thac 
they having an hundred hands, coming co 
the ifEitance of che gods> drove ihc li* 
tans ouc of Olympus, 

BRIBERY [in Jjm] is when any man 
belonging co a court of jufliceaorgreac 
officer takes any fee, gift or reward for 
doing his oCBce, ofany perfoD except cho 
king only. 

BRICK [with Cbyrmcal wri- 

tersj Is cxprefs'd by thi» cha* |AA>jA^ 

BRI'CKBAT r prob. of ' ^^^^^^ 
IBticke, Du, or bjiyc, Sdx, and batu^ 

Fr. bcai -u or broken off] a broken brick. 

.BRICK KILN [of TSticke, Du. and 
Cyln, Sax,] a place for burning bricks* 

incoiporaicd Anno 1586. 
their armorai enfigns are 
ATUtre, a chevron or 
between a Flower de 
Lys argent enters two 
brickaxes in chief and 
a bundle of laches in 
bafe or crefl and arm- 
ed holding a brick-ax, 
or. Their motto, >-<;od is all our trifi.' 

ToBRlCO'LB [bricolcr, F.] to give 
a bricole, co pafs a ball, co cofs ic iide- 

Fifing BRl'DGES [in an Arnpf] are. 
boats wich planks and necefTaries tor 
joining and making a bridee in a very 
(hort time, being cwo fmall bridges laid 
over one anocher, in fuch manner thac 
the uppermoft ftretches or runs out by 
certain cords running thro* pullies placed 
along the fide$ of cho under bridge, which 


Digitized by VjOOQIC 


'puih !c forwards, till the tad of It reach 
to the place ic is defigned to be fixed 
in. It IS alfo made of large boats wuh 
pi .inks laid over them, and oiber ne- 

BRIDGH of Communication [in Farti 
fication] is a bridge made over a ri 
vcr, by means ot which, rwo armies 
or (WO fores, that are feparated by the 
river, have a free communicaiioo one 
with the other. 

BRIDGE [ with Gutmers'] the two 
pieces of timber which j^o between the 
two tranfums of a gun-carriage, on which 
the bed refts. 

BRIDGES [in Heraldry} may imimate 
that the bearers have formerly obtain'd 
them for their arms, either tor having 
bailt bridges for the fei vice of the pul>- 
Itck, or an allufion to the name, as of 

Floating BRIDGE [Afi/It.^ Art} abridge 
made in form of a work in fortiHcacion 
call'd a redoubt, confifting of two boits 
covered with pi inks, which are folidly 
fram'd, fo as to bear either horfe or 

Tbjwattom tki BRIDtBl [with Uorfe- 
To drink the BRIDLB $ men } are 
ttrma ufed of a horfe that has too wide 
a mouth and too narrow ^ biimouth, 
io that the bit rifes too high, and ga* 
thersor furls the lips, and mirplaces it 
felf above that place of the barrs, where 
the preflure (bould be, by which means 
the curb is mifplaced and inov*d too high. 
BRIDLB Hand [in HorfemanfiMpJ the 
left hand. 

BRIEF, letters parent, or licence to any 
fafiererforcolle&ingthe charitable bene- 
volence of the people for any piiva:e or 
publxck lo^« 

Apqflolical BRIEF, a letter which the 
pope fends to princes and other ^ magi- 
Urates concerning any publick affairs. 

BRlE'FNESS [of *n>/or breviti, F, 
brevit or brevitas, l.J brevity. 

BRIE'ZE Ibrtfe, Pr. brezxa, HaW] a 
chilly or cool win-f. 

BRrGAND, a highwayman, a robber, 
alfb a vagabond. 

BHl'LLANT, glittering, fparkling, 
bfighc, fliining. Pr. 

miq^LANT [with Harfimen'] a brisk, 
ht^ mettled, (lately horu;, that has a 
rais'^ neck, a high motion, excellent 
haui)ches upon which he rifcs tho' never 
fo Uttle put on. 

BRIMO [of fi^ifJiA^xtf Gr,"} becaufe 
Ihe was believed to fend no&urnal ter- 
rors] a name of Hecatif fo caU*d from 
the hideous (bricks fheisfaid to have made 
wbcQ jftfTf, Apollo, or Merciaj fim^et" 

B & 

ing her io die woods^ would litve 
viAed her. 

She is faid to have found one the^ 
of herbs, but the fearch (he made v 
chiefly at'ter fuch herbs as were pei 
cious, and efpectaily ^ the Aconitum 
IVolft-hane, with which (he potfon'd 1 
father Ferja^ and fo got the kii^om 
Colcbos from him, then (be married I 
uncle, Alea, and had (^rce by him^, W, 
delighted in mlfchief, who likewife p< 
fuQsd her father and fucceeded in bis < 
mioions,s (he alfo had another daughi 
Mcdefij who applied what skill ihe h 
at tain *d in herbs to the ufe and preii 
vation of mankind. See Hecate^ 
BRl'MSTONE Flour, a plane. 
BRIMSTONY, dawb'd with or of ti 
nature of brimftone. 
BRrNDED 1 variegated, or being 
BRrNOLBDf divers colours. 
BRING UP [with Sricl^yrrx] tocai 
or build, ti& bring up the waU. 
^ To BRING in a barfi [with HorJeme\ 
Is to keep down the nofe of a har 
that boars, and toITec his noCe up to tl 

^RI'NINESS [of bjiynencjjre. Sat 
MTtnefs, like the (ea. 

BRi'ONY. See Brioiiy. 
, BRISKNESS [orob, of SM^fTeut. 
livelinefs, fprightlmefs. 

BRISK fin Blaxonry} a ^eneb tern 
which rigni&es broken, and in their wa 
or Bla»9n implies an ordinary, that bi 
fome part of it broken off. 

BRISTLY [ot bnirl?lfl hzviag c 
full of brifHci i ^ ■• ^ 

To BRI'STLB[bniraWan, Sax. tot 
rea the hain on the back like an ei 
raged boar. 

BRISURE [in BlaXonryl h in Freac 
derived from brifer^ F. to break, becauJ 
they Teem to break the principal Bgou 
what the Englijb cxprcfs by difiercncej 
and 15 us*d to diftinguiih between the el 
der and the younger brothers and ^ 
(lards in a coat of arms, aa a labeli hai 
m^on, life, 

BRITA'NNICA [Botoyl the great WJ 
ter.dock. L. 

BRI'TTLENBSS [of Bjii^crib, Six, 
ai^tnefs to break. 
BRI^A, the plant dinkle-thorn. 
BRrXBS. See Briexts, 
lb give A BROAD ^Ue [ Sea Ito 
guagejis to difcharee all the grvacgoi 
that are on one ude of the (hip ^ 
BROCK rbjiock, Aur.] t badger- 
BRO'CKfirt &fieT, a. hind of th 
third year. , 

BRO'COLI an JtaOm pfaur ol the cc^ 
[ly^floww kio4. tlok 9R0OU! 

Digitized by VjOOQ IC 


118G0E m tUTm^tte I ftohi o£ the 
M^Vi* a ^orc of Iboos tod at firft 
n iffid aoft tduMllf to them who 
ft loy tenidoQs of theiv Hflt iiiioffis» 
^J J tdrted incident to moft foreign- 
c^i a prooowdog the Eagi^ tongae 
ff atki aci|oired laoguige, eiclior with 
kaoDtKikiom, phide, or air of cheif 

S(X1>£RE2 [hb Bndeur, F.J an em* 

UOIXS [of bnacan, Ajc to break! 
nssihf breaking.' 

te BROKERS, are fuch at lend 
«*ef to DBcfiffiiotis people upon pawns, 
>^ fek as buy ind fell old houlbold 
l*4« cafled BrAffs. 

tel BROKERS, are fuch a« buy and 
^ faci of joint ftocks of a company 
• ttportdoD for ether perfons, as 
fkM^ {cmb &tf, Eifi Mia com- 

'f^^^ DW^S-, Gr.2 • fort of grain 

WtalANT C »» BUzottty ] h a 

''■cveenB, and fign^fies furmounting or 
Jpwi^, at inmcbaat fitr le tout^ it 
*oii| «K or ihewinj; iifdf ever all. 
^ win ai efcutrheoa ufimt or fire wed 
"•awirh Ukts de lis, Qr the like, 
^Mir tkem a beaft or other things, 
«•*«» to cover Co many of tliofe 
°'^S (bat the efcutcheoo it fuppofeii 
2a be Irew'j ^d, jj| over 5 but tha. 
22/" bid by that other bearing which 
'■^ be:ore them. 

>I0N*CHIALB [ with jtuHomifii] a 
t^^oiu artery of the lungt. 
J^O'SCmCKJlj^rcfci.the Stemothy- 

ttONTE'A, a brais engine in tbeaoea, 
''JJ*>tb {hey imitate thooder, 

■*<>^ES fof i^^'-ri, Gr. thunder ] 
• afibe Cycloft or Vulcan $ journey - 
*^ who made thunderboltt for Jupiter* 

•pNTEO'S [of ifi^rri, Gr.] an ap- 
J***»of J^n, and alio of BoQchiut, 
^5»K 01 c.x noife of dmokeu quarrels, 

UVNTIAS [of %rT^, Gr. J a fort 
^TO jtt ftoDO fuppoieji CO £all bv 

•OWOliOGT r^fl^Ti^^i'*, 
fB^iWxi^O* ifiteoiirfe. Or*] 

ttOOtUMH [of Bnook-lim. 5*r.J 
■ tcra^ 

AB»<miBL iBardH, F.l* brothel- 
*«• See BoritUo. 
^OTHERHOOD, « fodety of brc- 

2^CinUBR rwith Ebrjimiu] a word 
S^tbe Arncl ridiiig academiet, to 
^i^ A hoiie rluBieH uraf^fib> 

fall by 




tod appetrt in difoxder,/ vhta he u ni 

to any manage. 

BROW FqH [with CarfenUrsl an o- 
Tcrthwart or crofs beam.. 

BROW'NNESS [of Bjwa, SomJ th« 
being, of a fcrown colour. 
^^ A^RUISE [of bpf je, JSt;u] a com- 

BRUISE WORT, a;i herb. 

BRO'MAL ibrumaiii,I^l pertftieiflg 
to winter; '' " 

. BRUM A'LIA [of brumalij, X.J percaiiu 
ing CO wirtex. 

BRUMA'US j-of Bromius', a name of 
Baccims] a feftivai among the MpmoHs 
obf«tv»d the i8th of ^brmay and i3ih 
ox Augun ID honour of Baccms, 

BRUMAaui[of Srniw. 4^, wfacer.of 
of Bromius the name of Bacchus^ a fealt 
of Bacchus y celebrated by tl)e S0ih«# 
for thirty days, beginning on the 24th ef 
November, and ending the 26ch Q(Decend?er» 

BRUN[9ffijiuni,A<x.a river or fown^ 
tauij intimates the place tobeJcaiUd from 
a river or iouQuin as Brunburm. 

fiRU'SCUM [with Botani/is] a bunch 
or knob m a maple-trees alfo aa arbour 
or hedge made of briars and thorne 
bound together. 

BRUS'CUS, a ftrub, whofo twigg 
brufhes were made of in ancient limes. . 

BRU'SHWOOD, fmall wood or fmaU 
fticU for fewei, 

BRU/TISHNESS ihutaHtas, X-lbeift. 
iinefs, inhumauiiy, favageneft. > 

BRY'A [B/)j/a, Grr\ a little (bruh 
like bircb« with which bruOiet and broomc 
were made. 

^KY A jihf^rLs [BoMRy] fweet broomV 
heath or ling. L. 

BU'ABIN [in Jonqutfi] a cettain cv» 
telar deity of buildings, whom the Jit- 
di^PLf propitiate with facrificea^ and gilded 
papers fiird with magical charim^ vhich' 
they burn before him> 

BUB [of biBere, 1.] drink. 

BUB'BLING, a rifing or fwelling tip in 
bubbles ; aifo a chowiing or Ci^atiog. 

iU^BLBS (in Commerce^ a nam^ gio 
ven to certam proie6|t in the year _ 
1720, of raifiog money on imaginary funds. ~ 

BQBBLaS[tn Ti^kt} iTttfe round drcpc' 
Or veffides of any fluid, filled with airs 
and formed 00 itt furface upon the ad« 
ditioa of more of the -^uid,^ af in raio«* 
|ng y or in itt fubftance upon a vigorous 
inteftine commotion of its. parts* 

BUBO'NA [among the Rmanr'J (he 
tutelar goddefs of greater cattle. 

BUCCANJBRSl i& faid to be de' 

BOU'CANIERSjT rired from the inha- 
bitamt of the Qtfit^ lAyj^h Who ^^ 

ft rt 

Digitized by VnOOglC 


to cut the prifoners ctken {n wtr in 
pieces, ani la/ chem on hurdlts of 
BrOTUl wood ere£led on fttcks, ^ with 
fire underneath, and when To broiled or 
roafted to eat them, and this manner 
of drelHng was called Boucaning] Hence 
our Buccaniers took their name, in th tt 
they huotiDg drtWd their meat atcer their 
manner. Certain pirates in the ff^ 
Indies^ free . hooters, rovers, that ufcd 
at firft tO go a panting on the Spani- 
»dt only ; alfo the ungovernable rabble 
of famaicd, 

BU'CCAy the hollow inward part of 
the cheek that Hands out by being 
blown. L. 

BUCCA'LES Glandule [Anaf.^ glands 
difpers'd over the inner fide ot the cheeks 
and lips, whi h feparate a fpittle fervi- 
ceable in maftication and dtgeftion. 

BUCB'PHALUS [ of 0;fc an ox and 
a(f 4A^ > the head, i. e. balls head 7 
the horfe of Alexander the Greats fo 
caird On account oi having the mark ot 
a bull's head upon his (houlder: when 
he had his facldle on and harnefs, he 
would fufier none but Alexander to ride 
him, and would as it were knrel down 
to cake- him up, and being wounded in 
the battle with porusj he carried the 
king to a place of faiety, and immedi- 
ately df opt down dead. Alexander built 
a maanificent tomb for him, and found- 
ed a city to his memory, calling it Bu- 
cepkaiia'y in the place where he fir ft fell. 
Which is fuppofed to he now called La- 
hor the capital of Tengah in Jndojian or 
Rauei^ now a 'fine populous city. 

BU'CERAS [ySvxi^ff, Gr.j the herb 

BU'CINUM with Botaniffil the herb 
King's Conlotmd. 

BUCKANE'ER. Sec Buccaniers* 

BUCKLB-R Tbornt an herb. 

BU'CKSOM [of bucca, Sax.'j a male 
<fecr, on accoiun of their luft in rjitting 
timej propenfe or forward to amour ^ a- 
morons, wanron, Jcyc. 

BU'CKSOMNESS, propenfity to a- 
mour, Iffc. 

BUCRa'NIUM lBoiany2 ^^^ ^'^ 
Calvfs-fhour. i.. 

BUFO'NIUS lapis, the toad-ftone, a 
fione falfly imigiaed to be bred in the 
he«i ef a toad. X. 

To BO'GCER [bougeronner^ F. ] to 
copulate with a beaft ; alfo with a man 
or woman after an unnatural manner. 

BU'OGERER \bougre, F.J one who 
co!>olares beaftlily. 

Biro LB [p^ huculOf I. an heifer la 
kind ftf wild ox. 
. BU'GLES a fon of ghrfs bead*. 


Regular BU1I.DING, one whoftj 
is f^uare, its oppofite fides are i! 
and irs p^rts difpofed with fymmetC 

Jrr^^MAir BUILDING, that which I 
contained within equal and parallel | 
and whofe parts have not a juft re| 
one to the other in the elevation.' 

Ihfulated BUILDING, one whi 
not attach'd, or contiguous to m 
ther, or is encompifled with a ft^ 
as the Monument, St. Paul s, ^c» 

Engaged BUI^LblNG, one coin 
fed and has no front towards any ft| 
or puHick place, or communication 
by a narrow palTage. 

interred BUILDINGS'! fi^rh, the. 

^^i^ BUILDINGS I of which ii 
low the level or furface of the p 
on which it (lands, and of which 
lowed courfes of ffcone are hidden. 

herb Patience or Great Dock. 

BULBA'CEOUS Ibulhaceus, Z.] fii 
I'ttle round heads in the root. 

BULBI'NB [with Herhal^M^ an I 
having leaves like leeks and a purple fi 
er, Dog's-leek. 

Gr.'\ eirth-nutor pig-nur. 

BULBS fwith Fhrifis} the round ipi 
beards of flowei s. 

BU'LGBD [fpoken of a Sinf] w 
Ae has ft ruck off feme of her timber 
on a rock or anchor, and fpriogs a lei 

Tb hreal BULK fSea term] is to p 
out part of the (hip's cargo or lading 
of the hold. 

_ BULK bead afore [in a Ship] a p 
tiiion between the fore^caftle and grac 
in the (hip's head. 

BU'LKINESS [of buce. Sax.] Mg« 

BULL or Bulla Coou Domini, a bol 
excommunication and anathema read 
Holy Tburfd/tji againft all that the Fdp 
c^\lHer£ttcks, atter which the pope thro 
a torch as his thunder- Thole crifl 
which af e condemned by this bull are 1 
to be aSfolved by any but the pope. 

BULLAtBD IbtAatus, 1.] ganad 
with ftuds. 

KU'LLIBNT IbMens, Z.] hA'H 

BUaL PINCH, a bird. 

BULL iVeed^ an herb. 

BU'LLARY, a falt-houfe, falt-pic, 
other place where fait is boiled. 

BU'LLBN, fttlks of hemp pilled. 

Rid hot BU'LLETS [in the Aft <ifwi 
bullets heated red hot in a forge, and tb 
put into a piece ot ordnance, that hM 1> 
a good ftoppleor turf firft rammed doi 
it, to be ditcharged into a bcfieged t<" 
to fire the hoii(es| \ffc* , 

Digitized by VnOOglC 

JCaoSH OuUncrc, Saxsl aplinc. 

£jL t« bev] to beat or baog. 

nSi'ST wirjf «r jifi^, a high flown 

llrif^ w«7 of cxpreifioQ j ;^«r. 

A#, t rifiog or fweliiflg, a ftaoding 

I It • ihisg bcMod the level Air tace. 

BKEILI [anOQg the Afticau) a 

litlfriiwtfinii, bXd CO be greac /or- 

\, «ko pfccend to fight againft the 

_ nl frenKBiIy run about covered 

ftMaadbroifes in a terribte fright. 

like/ couBterfeic a combac with 

iKuo^f, for the fpace of 2 or 3 

^ lad that b the prefence of nUm- 

^■tp e3^» v^ darts, jtvelins and 

gca > \gc. laying about them in a 

lA^uuBdaner, tiU they fall down o.^^ 

Jppd, u opprcflcd by blows. And 

*%RSed \ liitle» recover their fptrict 

t' ICN'C, to ftop ap with a bung. 
I^'GUNGNESS, the awkwardnefs 

fe* '-^^ Isrt- 

VKUS [i?tfMV, Cr.] the turnip- 

&B:NT farf^ much UiWdrd wind 
p^g^J i« f. the middle of the fail 
i^noBRKfa to the leeward. 

'want [of Uye^ F.J buoying or 

£^NON [i8«#«nf. Gr.] the herb 

JJWTHALMOS f>8«f^*X/«®-, Gr.] 
Wjtt oi-eye or wild chamomii. 
^jn, a broad ring of iron, behind the 
^ 'Replace msde for the hand on 
that were us*d by knights or 
^^roierljr in tilting, which bur 
'■«ght to reft when t^e tilter charg- 
'^m, and (erved (here to fecure 
it more t^(y. 

\ [vf Aourdon, F, a (lafT or a 
^aform of a Itaflf] in fooiemu- 
■Amems the drone or the baiie, 
*" pipe ibit p!ayf it i hence that 
• i:t% that IS zepeited at the end 
'l^ftaga, is called the bur Jen of it. 
JTOIN [of a Ship} fo roauy lun 
JjFiile will flow or cairy b quan- 

TJSsOMNESS C b^jl^enyom- 
■vft In.] beavioefs or troubkfom- 

J^l [Bureau, F.7 a cabinet 
" fc? J chctt of driwers or f^ru- 
*^^Bpofiii/ig papers of accounts i 
for itttiog place, Cbwa-wtte, 

' [in Bknumryl i» a frencb 

V^K •! ColunSure fays, fliould 

^l«T)F of 1 9 pieces. But if there 

*f^ iOi the qpiober U lo be ex* 


preiTedy and the pieces in burelleiHiift bo 
even numbers ; tor if the number be odd, 
and the field have more parts than are ia 
the charge, then the pieces chat are charg- 
ed in the field rauft be called fay the name 
of 1 1 angles* 

BURG [of Bftg, r«tf. a mountainj 
ngnifies a city, towni cattle or camp, be- 
caufe anciently towns were built upon 
hills. Hence, our hlftories loforro us thac 
the inhabitants have often remov*d their 
towns from hills, on which they had been 
firft built, into vallies, where they now 
(land, for thebet;er conveniency of water. 
Of which Salishurj, formerly called Sakf' 
Burg, is a remarkable inftance. 

BUHGONET [in Heraldry^ probably 
fo called from the Burgundiani weariqg 
it. A fort of fteel cap formerly worn by 
foot fo'dicTS in battle. F. 

BU'RGERSHlP1[bunh-/cipc, Sax 2 

BU'RGESSHIP I the dignity or privi- 
lege o a burger. 

BURGH Lb"'Jl^, Sax,l a borough, a 
large village, a commonalty; anciemlya 
town having a wall or fome inclofure a- 
bout ir. 

BU'RIAL [of byjifjian, Sax.2 a fune- 
ral foleroniTy orimciment. 

BU'RlABLE[probabIy of bvjiijne//e. 
Sax.'] thqt may be fit to be ibuned. 

BURI'N a graver oringriving tool. F. 

To BURL, to drefs cloths, as fiilleis 

BURLE'SK 7 [of Burlefio, Ital.] a 

BURLE'SQUB J kind of poetry, mer- 
ry, jocular, and bordering on ridicule, is 
a foit of verfe proper for lampoon ; but it 
is a manner of verfilying harder to be ac- 
quired than thac which is mod harmooi* 
ous and beautiful. The more the feet hob- 
ble inmoft places, the more perfed is the 
meafure; ss for harmony, that is little 
mindc'l in hnrlerq e. 

BURLE'SK ED, tnrned into l^urlcfque. 

BU'RLINHSS [^. !|00^ likeuefs] big- 
nefs, Ureenefs of body, lijic. 

BORN [ill z MedictfuX Senfe] a foluti- 
on of the continuity ol a body, made by 
the impref&on of fire s alfo a mark remain- 
ing upon the thing burrt. 

A BURN [Surgery] an impreflion of 
fire made upr n a part, in which there re* 
ma'ns much he-t with bliflers and f^me- 
rimes an e(c?r, according as the fire has 
had more or 'efs effeft. 

BURN [biijitia, Sax^ a river or foun- 
tain j at the begit:ning or end of a word, 
fignifies the place to take its name from a 
river or fountain, as Bumbam' 

Thorny BU'RNBT, a kind of fhrub. 

BV'KSIHG the Dead. Tho* the cuftoK 

of burybg the dead was the mofk ancient* 

<i» yet 

Digitized by VnOOglC 

fet thtt of burning faccteiti very early. 
■«nd IS fali to have been imrodaced by Her- 
Sides And it appesrs chat burning the 
/dead was ufed by the Greeks^ in the time 
of the rmJ4n war. 

The philoOphers were divided in their 
optnions coiiceming btirning ? Thofe who 
were-of opinion, chat human bodies were 
compounded bt wacer^ earth, or the four 
elements, were forhaviog them buried or 
commttred co the earth* But Heraclitus 
.flnd his followers, imagining fire co be the 
£rft principle of all things, efteemed burn- 
ing as the mod proper ; for every one 
thought it the moft reafonable method, 
and the moft agreeable to narure^ fo co 
ilifpofe of bodies, as they might fooneft be 
TCduced CO their firil principles* 

Enftatbiiu affigned two reafons why 
burning came to be of f) 'general ufe 
in Greece. The firft h, bccaufe bodies 
xvere choughs co be unclean after the de- 
parcure of the foul, and cherefore were 
•purified by fire; and the fecond^ rhac the 
loul, being f«iparated from Che grofs un- 
■6Hve mactcfr, might be at liberty co cake 
its flight CO -the heavenly manfions. The 
manner of burning che bodies was thus j 
Che body was placed upon che cop of a pile, 
but was rarely burnt wickouc company 5 
for beffdes the various a:timals they threw 
upon che pile, ^erfons of quality were fel- 
4}om burnc wichouc a number of flavesand 
csDcives; chey alfo poured into che fire 
«» forts, of precious ointments and per- 
fumes; and chey alfo covered che body 
^ich the fat of beafts, chac it might con- 
fume che fooner ; for it was looked up- 
on as a fingular bleiCng to be quickly re 
duced to aflies. « 

It was alfo the cuftom co throw inco the 
fire the arms of ahofe that were foldiersi 
and che garmenrs chac che deceafed had 
worn while living; and che Athenians 
were yerv profufe, in fo much chac fome 
of cheir law -givers were forced co re- 
flrain them by fevere penalties from de- 
frauding che living by their liberality co 
the dead. The funeral pile was common- 
ly lighted by fome of the deceafed'sneareft 
relatioM, who made prayers aod vows 
to the winds to aHift the flame, that the 
Dody might quickly be reduced co aflies. 

At the funerals of generals and great 
oflicers, the foldiers with the reft of the 
company made a folemn proceflion three 
times round the pile, co exprefs their rtt- 
fptGt CO the deceafed ; during che time the 
pile was burniog, t]ie friends of che de- 
ceafed perfon ilood by pouring forch Uba- 
tiens of wine, and calling tipon che de- 
ceafed. When the pile had burnt down, 
1U4 ikc flame had ccafe(^ chey czcciguiib- 


ed th« renalni of the fire With m 
wbicli having done, chey coIleS^ed 
bones and aftei. The bones vrere fo 
times waflied wlch wine and anointed % 

To diftinguiih the reltques of che h 
from cbofe of che beafts and snesi bi 
with it, this was done by placing che 
dy of the perfon in che middle of rhe pi 
whereas the men aod the beafts bi 
with it, lay on che fides. Thefe be 
and a(hes chus colle^ed, they put i 
urns, made either of wood, ftone, eai 
filver or gold, accordiog co the qua) 
of the perfon deceafed. 

BURNINC of IVtmun, ic was the c 
com of che aocienr Brltahu, chac 'virhen s 
greac man died [ifchere was aDyooca{ 
CO be fufpicious as Co che manner of 
death j) his relations made enquiry ansc 
his wives concerning it, and If any of ch 
were found guilty, chey were punifi 
with fire and other torments. 

BURNING [with rbijofopbersl U < 
fined to be the a&ion of fire upon tornet 
bulum or fuel, whereby the minute 
very fmall parts of ic are torn from ea 
other, put into a violent motion, and 1 
fuming the nature of fire ic felf, fly oflF 
or^«fi, Jjfc. 

BURNING, a name formerly given 
an infedious diieafe, gocten in che fievi 
by converfing with lewd women ; fupp 
fed to ba the fame with chac tiow caih 
che Pox. 

BURNING GUfst a machine To wroog] 
chac che rays of xhe fun are coUeded im 
a point, and by chac mffins che forre aa 
effe& of chem are heightened co chat d< 
gree, fo as co bum fuch objeds a« ic . 
placed againft. 

VaKKSeed^ the herb Bur-flag. 

BU'RRBL F(f, an infe^. • 

BURREL Shot [with Gunners] fmal 
bullets, nails, ftoaes, pieces of oid iroi 
l^fc put into cafes, co be difcharged oa 
of che ordnance or murdering pieces i cai 

BUHSA PASTORIS [with Botamfls 
the herb Shepherd's purfe or pouch. X* 

BU'RSARS, youths in Scotland^ feu 
once a year as exhtbftioners to the univer 
ficies, by each presbytery ; by whom the' 
are allowed at the race of 100 J. Scots £ai 
4 years. 

To BURST [of buj>Jtan, Smx,^ t< 
break afunder. 

BURT-WORT, an herb. 

BU'RSTNFSS, a being broken afonder* 

BUSE'ilNUM [)8(Hr>'X/?or, Gr.] a kind 
of greac parfley. JL 

BU'SHINESS llw0bn, F. a bnihj tlifl 
being bufty. 


Digitized by VjOOQIC .: 


MTNESS tofhffgltn, Sax.J em 

rJSS (taC^, Z)ic] a finftll fliip or feA 
K&i; dedb^ the Dutch £or the herring 

KST [£1^0, Jfaii:] a term in iealpture 
^iv zit bgiire or portrait of ft perfon 

• rabnos ftewing ooly the head, flioul- 
Aisd ftonach, the arms fMiniog to 
^ beta lope off» ufaally placed on a 

JfJ^ibifiwii, 1.] ft pyramid or pile 
ttVood, vtaereeo andencly che bodies of 
^Jsiiw ce pUced in order to be burnt. 
. RitTAL [M^fii, !•] o4 or beloug- 
o|n|mei or combs. 

BOlHtOPHB [of fifft an ox,^ and 
VlSPi &• t coming, ^. 4. the turning of 
^^ ° pl<HCbii^ groondj a term ufed to 
^M t mmer (K writing of the anctenr 
«^i vbich wasasic were in turrows, 
<k ad line began at the left hand, and 
*^u rbe right, and the fecood line be- 
P K rks right, and proceeded to the 
ek^btiac the whole bare a reprefenia- 
■*w the farrows of ploughed land. 

SCSrUA'KlI [amoif the Romanj] a 
^*^ gbdistors who fought about the 
*V« or funeral pile of a perfon deceased 
»2neo»eniony oihls oUeqaie*, 

J5[5155?> '***• CO"*?*"/ ^** °^^ 
TrSlil incorporated till the 3d 
g^BjtgJ of king James I. then 
they were made a cor- 
poration by che name or 
mafter, wardens^ and 
commonalty of the arc 
and myfiery oi Butcb- 
. . *ri J yet the fraternity 

JfofK} their arma azure, two axes 
■iJfevifc ffggfit between three bulls 
■aatovped, attired or^ a boats head 
1^ Wtwixt two garbes vert, 
JOTtHER-ROW Ihucherie, F.] a 
^^ feccherf-(hops, a Oiambles. 
VTCHERLINESS, butcherly nature 

• ifa'oiv 

ttTLERSHIP fof hotaeiUier, R] the 

5[nECARL 1 fbutrcrcajil, Sax.^ 
^•WSCARL I a boatiwaio or ma- 

^•Wnr Ihdtare, Ital fportfti. Dm. 
^•Kj to pttih at or againit with the 



^ WTrON Ihrncnaer, F.} 10 faften 

C A 

&BU'XCOnS [^Hzfttx» X.] of or liU 

SU'XUS [Botany 2 the bqz-cree or 
wood. X. ^ * 

A BU'ZIING iBoHrdom^ement, F.] a 
kumminfl noife like that or bees. 

BY fbi. Sax J with, as by which | 9,U 
fo whilft, as by day. 

BY the BY, privately. 

BY WORK. See Landslip. 

BY-BLOWy a merry-begocten child, • 

BY-ENDS, (elfiOi ends or defigns. 

BYZA'NTINB fof Byzantiim, L e. 
Canfiantmople 2 bcloogbg to Co/\flanti' 

BYZANTlfNUS, a,um [with flo^dsic* 
Ifriters^ growing about ConfiantiaopUm 

« WTT iSea woidj the end of any 
W%tich joios CO another on the out- 

^ip under water. 

ITTOCK f of u^ip-JODt 

tt the cranfom. 
j^— BUTTOCK r of t Stip ] one 
* arrow at the tranfum. 

^ c^ Ituman, r, c, Itaiich C,(,flv«^ 
^ lijhf are the third lecters '9 and X,^ 
», Greek, che tench s and 3, Hebrew^ che * 
eleventh of the|r refpedive alphabets. 

C [in Englj/h] before the vowels a, • 
and u, is generally prodncedj as c^. 

C Tin EHgii/b] before e, i, ee, ie and 
jf, is founded like s i as cellar, city, ex^ 
ceed, cielins, Cyprus. 

C [in Englijh] generally goes before 
i^, when a vowel proceeds, and there ia 
no confonant before \i as back^ beck^ 
thick, lock, muck % but if a vowel foU 
lows k, ch« c is not (et before it s as 
cake, peke, ftrike, ftrelkey duke* 

C [in the tides of boeks, inicriptiena 
on tombs, under ftatues, J^f.J is an ab* 
breviaiion of centum latm, too, and ia 
lepeated for each hundred, as CCCC.doo* 

CABALA [rT72D receiving of *73p 
he received] a traditional or myfterioua 
doftrine among che ancient Jews, which 
they fay was delivered by word of mouth 
CO JIfy/eSf and by him to tke fathers, and 
fo traofmitted from generation to geoe« 
ration ; and at length about che time of 
their captivity in Babylon, colleded into 
a body called the Mifbnaoth, which, 
with the commentaries and glofles of 
their doAors and rabbies, compofe the 
work called the Talamd, being 7 voiumei 
in Folio. 

CA'BALA [by ChrifiioHt'} U taken for 
the ufe or rather abufb* which magici* 
ans made of fome part of the paflaf es o£ 
fcripcure, and all the words* magic fi- 
gures, Iecters» numbers, charms, JgfC* 
and alfo the Bermeticdi (cience, are com- 
prized or underftood under this name Ch 



C A 

CABAIXI'NB iOoes ioi c^Mims\ I.] 
ft coarfer fore of tloet ufed in medidpes 
for horfes. 

CABA'LIUS {accorduig to the Toets'i 
cbe winded horfe Pegafus, who as he flew 
to mouDt Helicon* by a blow of his hoof, 
cfufed a ^reac founcain to rife out of a 
rock* which was cheoce called Uippocrene. 
This fountaia was confecrai«d co ApoUo 
and the JMu/e/ s and thence it is, that it 
ii feigned, that the^ poets drank of that 
water, to make their poems to be more 
admired and improved. 

CABi^U» ieafts held by the Greeij 
of the ifland of Ltmnos and Thebes, in 
konottr o( fome Samotbracian deiiies^ caL- 
led Cafnres, 

fiQ mare CABLE [with Salhrs'] is to 
let it more out from the fliip, that the 
beat chat carries the anchor may the more 
csfily drop it into the fea. 

The CABLE h weU laid [Sea term] 
lignifies ic is well wrought or made. 
' - Veer more CABLE [with Mariners] fig- 
Bjfies to put more out. 
* Shot of 4 CABLE [with SailorsJ is two 
cables fpliced or taflened together. 

Sheet Anchor CABLE [ot a Aip} is 
the largefk' cable that belongs to it. 

CABLB'E [in Heraldry] as % Crofs 
CabU'e, is a crofs made ot two eods of a 
fliip's cable. 

CABLE'i length [with Sailors} is zio 

CABLE Flutes [with ArchiteBs'] flutes 
that are filled up with pieces refembling 

CACHINNATION, a great and un 
meafutable laughter. L. 

CACHOU', an aromatick drug, rec 
kon'd among perfumes, called alfo Terra 
Japonica. , 

CA'CHRYS [lUxfvet Gr.J the catljn 
that grows on nut-trees, goflins or wil- 
lows, ^c. maple-chats or aflj-kcys. 

To CACK [cacarCy Lj toeafethe bo- 
if by t>oinp to ftool. 

CA'CKLER, a prater, a lell-talc, a 
noify perlon ; alfo a humorous word for 
capon or fowl. 

CACO'LOGY [of iULxoe and hiy@* a 
vrordj an evil fpeaking. 

CACOPHA'GY iKXMftLyiA, Gr.2 t 

^CACOPHY'XY [cacobbyxia, Z. ofx*. 
3t»c and fy(k the pul/e, Gr*2 a bad 

CACOPHRA'GY [ with TbyficiansJ 
an indifpofition of body, particularly in 
ihofe parts that convey the uourifli- 

^ CACORHY'THMUS [ of xwtoc bad, 
f9^(AU Che pulfc, Gr.J an unequal pulfc. 

C A 

CACOSrSTATA [with l^t^idmsj ai 
gumenrs propofed between two perfon 
chat will ferve as well for the one as cfa 
other ; as, you ought to forgive him hi 
caufe he is a chila No, for tk 

rea/ott I wiM heat him, that he mej I 
better hereafter. 

CACOSTO'MACHUS [ of jmhoc an 
re/AA;^^, Gr,] one who has a bad ftc 

CACOTE'CHNY [eaeoteehnia, L. < 
MAttot and Ts;^v«,Gr. art] a hurtful art c 

CACOTY'CHB [with AProhgers] i. < 
bad fortune } the flxth houfe of an aftra 
logical figure. 

CACOSPHY'XIA [«*xsr^t/{ix, Gr.] 
bad pulfc. 

CACOZE'LUM [a term ufed by Ri« 
toricians] when a fpeech is taulty by im 
propriety of words, wane of coherence 
redundancy, obrcuiity, Ufc. 

CA'CTOS [xA'a?©', Gr.J a kind o 
thiflle, an artichoke. 

herb good to heal the biting of ferpenu 

To CACU'MINATE Icacuminatum^ 1 
CO make fliarp or copped. 

CADA'VER, a dead carcafe. 

CADE'NCE [with Horjemen] is an e 
qual meafure or proportion obferved b 
a horfe in all his motions, when be' 
thoroughly managed, and works jufliy s 
gallop ^ terra a terra^ and the airs s f' 
(hat his motiotis or times have an equi 
regard co one another, that one does no 
embrace or titke in more ground tha 
the other, and that the horle obferre 
his ground regularly. 

CADENCE [in Dancingl is when tb< 
fteps follow the notes and meafuses o 
the mufick. 

CADENCE [with Orators'} when thi 
founds end agreeable to ihe ear. 

CADENCE, in veife or profcj is for- 
med by the diflereoce of time in pro- 
nouncing i cbisis more diilioguifhablc ii 
the Greek and Latm tongues, chan in cbi 
living languages ; but there can be o( 
verfe where cadence does not fliioe, t 
(here be any poetry without it. 

CADENCE r with ToeU J a certain 
meafurc of vcrfc varying as the verfe w- 

CA'DBNT [cadence^ X.1 &Uing down- 

CADENT houfes [with Aftrologm} w« 
the third, fixth, ninth andcu-eUth hdulca 
of a fcheme or figure of the he»veos| 
they being thofe chat are next fron t^ 

CAT)! [among the 'r«rJ/, JjTC.] e »«- 
giflraiej a fort of juftice ot she peace- 

Digitized by VjOOQ IC 


C A 

OnUDE'LlTE, « kind of Stajcl 
Hvaix^ Ae Mabometaut wbo affeft 
feonieHiotry envity in word tnd ac- 
a^ Tkey afoid feafting tod diTcrHon. 
tW of tlieiB that inhabit on the fron- 
miiBmiarj, yc. agree in many 
4ifi vitfa ibe Chriftians. They read 
dfkllebtke5c<dvanci^ tranOacion, as 
^nibt jQc»raMi and hold chat Mfa- 
Iw vtt tfae holy Tpiric, who defcend- 
if« eke noftles in the day of pen- 

UDMIA [Kie/^«, Gr.2 a mineral, 
•toeaf tteie ajc two ^fbrcs, natural and 

terWaDMIA, is either that which 
■M aeiaQick pares and is called Co- 
br,arrk« vhich concaios none, called 

^^ CADMIA, is prepared from 
Jf^ ii farntces, and is of five forts, 
iitiAis called RaUjdst ^tng in form 
^} ^ck of gripes ; the fccond oy?ri- 
OBtf. bemA it reiembles a fea-Oell » the 
^ fU^eiii becaafe if reiembles a 
oi^i dK barth CsfffiUis ; and the fifth 
Cfvifir/, which bai^ s round iron rods, 
^ vUch they ftir ihe copper in the 

CiDMTBs a nredous ftone having 

Cltmus lacem^ to tte Toett ] 
*B eke knc of Tfc^/, the Ion of^^e- 
*^ ^ ofcbe Fteniciimry and grandion 
?%4ai. 7«^^^ having carried away 
*9<ki«fiflery his ^ther fenc him ro 
■jjFtmof the world to feek her our, 
2^tcamBand never to tppear befcre 
JJJ^jBlije hid found her. B-jc Cadmus 
■fcf aide naiiy tedious voyages, and 
u'^Ki^ able to learn what was become 
•**', »«« to DHphos to confult the 
•wrf ii|^, to know what was beft 
■iin to io^ and received hisanfwer, 
?» * ^< f«y, an ox, and, ag others 
2 • w» ftould meet him, which he 
•'"'•fcBow, and there he fliould build 
S» ttrf fenle an habication. Accor- 
TnOox met him in a province of 
12*^ ^"^ for that reafon called 
22^C'tf<ue', in order to obtain the 
?■•*« heaven in the affair of build- 
'^?*5r» defigned to facrificc the ox 
I^^^Nfefe Mkervaf and in order 
, l"*J ^ ient his followers to the next 
jBft, eifled Dfrrr, to fetch water, 
j*y wriMe dragon there furpriztng 
^TOgred them alive. 
jg* *f« the goddefs MUnerva advifed 
2* to flay the dragon, and having 
iP"^ teeth oat of his head, to fow 
fj* Ike earth. He did fo, and reve- 
rb *!•*•» of armed men fpnmg op. 


which fell ft fighting and deftro/d One 
another, all bot five, which being left a* 
live, affifled Cadmus in boiUing his cicyt 
and fsmtfting it with inhabitants. 

The city they built was in Bmotia^ and 
called Thebes^ where he reigned many 
yearS) acd had leveral children by his wife 
Harmottia, ToJjfdorus, Iko and &meley the 
mother of Bacchus and Jgave^ who, be- 
ing tranfporied with fury in the com- 
pany of Che AtenadeSt killed her own fos 
Fentbeus, who had by his fpeech difco- 
vered a diflike of the ceremonies of this 

Cadmus is faid to have lived to fee ali 
his pofterity f«Il inio extreme mifery s 
and himfelf and wife were banifhed into 
tUyria or Sclavonia, where, according aa 
they dcfired, they were ciansformed into 

Ulpian fays, that Cadmus was but the 
cook of jigenor, king of Tjrr^ or Sidoti^ 
who ran away from his prince, on ac~ 
count of fome ill deed, in company witk 
one Hdrmma, a noted ftrumpet ; but yec 
laid the foundation of Thebes* 

Herodotus fays, that he brought i6 let- 
ters inro Greece^ and caught the people 
the art of writing. 

CADRITES, a kind of religious among 
the Mabometaust who live a kind of mo- 
nailick life. On Friday nights they pafs 
the greateft part ot the night in rtmoiic 
round holding each other^s hands, ioce^ 
fanily crying out Ilbaii r, e, livti^, one 
of the names of God. In the mean time 
one of their number plays oti the flure. 
They are allow'd to quit their monaftick 
life and marry, if they pleafe ; but upon 
condition of wearing black buttons oa 
their garments to diflinguifh them. 

CADO'CEUS, a ftafF or white wand, 
which heralds or ambafTadors carried when 
they went to treat of peace. Z. 

CADUCEUS, the wand or rod thu 
Apotto gave to Mercury, in exchange for 
the feven-ftringed harp. The poets to 
this rod afcribe the virtue ofappeafing 
differences ; and alfo two other proper- 
ties, as conduSing foals to hell, and de- 
livering them from thence, and to caufe 
and diilurb deep. But as to the firft of 
its virtues or eroperties, Mytbola^iBs 
fay, that it means Tio more than the pow- 
er of eloquence* which fatisfies the mind, 
compofes the heart, and brings men fir& 
to reafon, and then to peace. 

CJEU'COLIST [cuticoU, X.] a faint, 
an inhabitant of heaven. 

C^tl'FEROUS Xcdtlifer, JL. f bear- 

C^LI'GEROUS rcW/ifr,i. \ 
or upholdipg heaven. 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 

C A 

CAtl'POTRNT [cdJipoi0s. JL] «n 

lieavenly wetght. 

CJELO'STOMY fatt/XcraA'/* of «»7\«f 
hollow, ind To/jut the mouth, Gr.J is 
when the word is as it were obfcured or 
peoc^ within ^che loouth* as in a cave, 
tod is heard in rhe rece(s* 
CiEPA, an onioo. L- 
CiERUXEOUS [cdruIcHS, X.] of a blue, 
ature colour, like the sky. 

CiESU'RA [ in Greek and latin poe- 
try] a figure when there remains an odd 
fyUable after a foot, and that fyllable ends 
the word- The figure is fo neceflary, 
that few verfes can be maie to run fmooth 
ivithout it, and it is founold ; Triemime' 
rist Tentbenumerls, Hepbtbemimeris and 

CA'GIA Old Rec.] a bird-cage or coop 
of hens. 

CAIMACAM [in the Ottoman empire] 
ft lieureoanr, an officer of great dignity, 
of which there are 3. One attends the 
Croud &gttior^ another the Grand Vizier ^ 
ftnd the third is gorernour of Co^fianti- 

CAI'SSON a covered waggon or car- 
riage for provifions and ammunition for 

•n army. 


ZGumery] t 
cheft, COD- 
eamiqg 4 or 
6 bombs j er 
ilJed only 
with powder 
Which the befieged bury under ground, 
in order to blow up a wcrk that the be> 
fiegers are like to be mafters oL Thus 
after the bonnet has been blown up by 
the mine, they lodge a Cajfm under the 
ruins of it, and when the enemy has 
made a lodgment there, they fire the 
Caijfm by the help of a faucifs, and blow 
up that poft a fecood time. 

CALA'DE [with HotfemenJ h the de- 
fccnt or Hoping declivity ol a rifing ma- 
nage ground ; being a fmall entrance up- 
on which a horfe is rid fcveral times 
down, being put to a Oiort gallop, with 
his !ore-bams in the air, to make him 
leam^ to ply or bend his haunches i and 
for his ftop upon the aids of the calves 
of rhe legs, the ftay of the bridle andca- 
ve/Tm feafonably.- 

CALAMA'GROSTIS [ «ci\«A<a'>^rK, 
Cr"] the herb Sheer-grafs. Gramen 7a- 
CALAME'LANOaS, fwcet mercury. 
CaXAMINE, the fame as lapis Cola- 

To CAIAMI'STRATB icalmifiratm, 

C A 

X.1 to carl or frizale the btir^ 

CALA'MITOUSNESS, fulnefa of 

CA^LkMUS Ar9matiau,z kind ofi 
growing in the levant about the bis 
of a goofe-quill, called alio acorns. 

CALA'^GIUM Ijttt. trrit.2 challei 
claim, or dtfpuce, 

CALATHI A'NA [jJoftfiy] a fort of 
let flower, which hasnofcenc, andfpzj 
iog in Autwm, 1. 
CALCA'NTHUM, vitriol rubified. 
CALCAR [with BoTtfi.] is when 
bottom of a flower runs out inta 
point, as /^fMiniiM, Larks-heel >^< 
CALCA'TRiPHA, [wiihBofAi.J 
herb lark-fpur. 

CALCEARUM Operatio [0. X^c.] 
work of repairing high ways done 
fervile tenants. 

CalcBA'TED [cakeatus X.] (bod 
fitted with flioos. 

CALCIFRA'OA [of calculus^ a fto 
and firango, X« to bieakj a kind of he 
afore ot Saxifirage. X» 

CALCINATION [ of Flints, Jjyc, 
performed by heatiqg them red hot, 1 
then cafting cbem whilil fo into 
water or vinegar* which being done U 
or five times, they will be very i 
able and eafily powdered. 

CALCINATION to{ LeadJ is p 
formed by melting the lead ip an e 
then pan unglazed* keeping ic ftirr 
over the fire with a Spatula* till it is 1 
duced into a powder. 

CALCINATION [of Tml ?s perfora 
by putting the metal into a Urge eartl 
pan ungldzed in a great fire, ftirrj 
It from time to time for 36 hours, tli 
taking it off", and letting tt cool. 

CALClNAnrORY, a vcflel to calo 
merals in. 

To CALCINH [in Cbymic^ * 
fVritcrs ] is exprefs'd by this ^^/\» 

CALCITRA'EA [ with 0au»i/9/ ] 1 

To CAlCITRATfi [calatratum^ i 
10 kick. 

CALCITRO'SB [aOcitrofiu, 1.] kii 
ing or fpunning much. 

of tuChX%s brafsj and y^m to eif rai 
Gr.j an engraver in brafis. 

( A'LCULI \An4t<m9] little ftoaef 
the bladder and kidneys. £• 

CALCULO'Sfi [caiadofiu, X.] foU 
Hones or giavel. . 

CALCULAnrORY, penainiog to q 

CALCUL0'SITT[c4mI^«#»X.] i 
neft of ftoQCSj Jgv* 

Digitized by VjOOQ IC 

C A 

CUCDIUS Situt C wi'tti Miathemati' 
■RTjiKV Caicaliu founded on cbe 
ftMBtjUOa of ihe bcoacion of quaocitiess 
At IK ot chctr msgmcudes. 

^MJXltHExpommiaiij [Matbemat.] 
\yto< c{«ificr«Dcingexponenualqua 
M ot £tmoDs oi exp^Deiuia?s- 

CIUFA'CTORT [ of cakfOtus^ 1. ] 

ICALEFA'CTOKY TciOefaamuni, Z.] 
«nnia ihc monaAerj, where tne 
i^p>n^Tfortwafm chemitslTes. 

ClltFA'CTORlNESS fof calefaaio, 

I.J vsnac), a being made hoc. 

r atENDAR [is derived of €aknd£, 

I 1 1 c. tke faft days of tvety monihj ii 

a la mm] book commonly called an 

Aart wae:ita rhe dtp of the month, 

I ?*, ****'*> *^ ^ '^® ^"" " in, the 
f ••'tnbg sad feittng, the changing cMf 
cte aoGB, ?5c. ate exhibited. 

Taos hars been feveral corre^ons 
wj tcfec^ofli of the calendar, the 
M ^» nude bf McMtf Pompilius, 
»* *U wai sfeerwtrds much improved 
If Jftw CfjSor, and thence was calhd 
Ai>fi«a(X0Qor, which it ftillretaincJ 
r ^'■tf 9*^ feme other places, and 

t •»! apdn reformed by pope Gre- 
P9 ZUI,»bfdi acconnt he commanded 
"•» icnrred, and it is in moft Xo 
J* Q thifick conmrtei. and is called 
•V"« atei iir, and by us Nrv ^t£/^, and 

• *• ^*» eleven days before the o:d. 
T»CAUXDER Icalendrier, F.} to 

>*i «ioo?h, aQ4J fet » giofs upon lin- 
«5 »:. lift) [be engine ufelf. 

mENDS fof *i\f.. Or. to H»H J 
™»w 4aff oJ every month among the 
T^* *^ anciently coimted iheir 
■••bf rhemnion of the moon, had 
' '"Ui!!?""*^ whoft bufincft U was 
» flWtr?e the times of the new moony 
• I^*'*'.*'* 'w*' fe«n it, gave notice 
■* rejdenc over the facrificcs, who 
r« tte people together, and declar- 
•***« how they were to reckon 

• «7» aatil the ^ibnesy pronoOBcmg 
g^^yJjKAin five times, if th« IfMej 
r^'^ oa (be fifth day, or feven times 
■*J*ippenftd on the ieveoth Ay of 

J^toOU [among Botamfis] Ma. 

J^^B^. A Qimb- 

CAl!g8£D [with Gmarfi] meafured 
"7 «*abtr cempafles. 

tAllCE [in B«dwc4 Wirm] with 
•^i CMlicitus withctips. 

^XrDNESS Icalidiias^ X-lwirmnefs. 
^ UDUCT [caiidiObu, LTJ pipes and 
^* CO coDvey heat difpolod along 

C A V 

the walls of hoiifes and rooms, to «oii': 
vey heat to Ifeveral remote parts of thd 
hdnle from one co.iimon furnace* 

CALrcXKOUSNESS darknefs, fu(l<;ft 
of obfcnrity* 

CAaiPH, the fir ft ecclefiaftical digni- 
ty among the Saracens ^ or the natne of \ 
loveraigndigi J y among the Mahometans , 
vefted with fibfoJute power over every 
thing relating both to religion and policy* 

CALIPO'DIUM 10. Xfc] a fv5 of 
galoflioos, or cafes to wear over flioos. 

CA'LIX [ with Botanifts J the gredo 
cup out of which comes the flowers, X. 

CALI'XTINS [among thei^cmum Catb^ 
lickr a name given to fuch of them as 
communicate of the facraments in both 
kinds, and alfo to thofe of the fencimenci 
01 CaiJxtfU. 

Ca^LKIN Irons [with SbipmlgksJ • 
i^rt of iron chiziels, which being well 
laid over with hoc pitch* are uled ta 
drive the oakum into the feams between 
the planks. 

CALLAI'S, a precious ftone like A 
faphirc, of a bright, green colour. 

CA'LLIBERI [With Arckiteas] th# 

CAailBRfiT l>"^k, thickncfs, vo- 
lume or diameter of any round thing* 
CALIIBL£1>HARUM [ of iut>OL&' 
bsauty,^ and 0hif*^ the eye-brows, Gr<l 
a medicament with which women ufe 
to make their eye-brows black, to rto^ 
der them more beautiful. 

CALLICRE'AS 7 f »stX\VAi'«c, - V 

CALLlCRB'ONf [«a\X#;t/»w» I 
Twith AnatotiL} a glandulous, fubfUnca 
in the mefentery, lying near the bot- 
tom of the ftomach : in a hog it it 
called the fweetbread, inbealts theburr. 
1. SeeFaacreas, x 

C A LLl'DITY 7 [caliiditas, I.] crafii- 

CA'LLlDNESSi nefs, cunningnefs. 

CALU'OONON [ttaXKiymy, Gr.l th^ 
herb Knot^graft. 

CALLiaoOY [caltilogia.L. of ««xxi. 
X»>i*, Gr,] an elegancy of di^^ion. 

CA'LLITHRIX [among Botanifis'] the 
herb Maiden-hair. 

Ck'hlOUSlihSSlcalto^taSi L*"} hard« 
nefs, brawninefs. 

CA'LLUS, hard fleib, alfo brawn ol^ 
hardnefs of skin. 

CALM[Cii^, F.]diilec, ftill. 

CAaMNBSS r of caUne, F.] ftinnefit 
compofure of mind. 

CALO'TTB , a cap or coif of hair; 
fat in or other fhrfF, now ufed as an ec 
cleQaftical ornament in France i a red 
calotte IS the badge of a cardinih 

dALOTTB f with ArchiMsl a round 
cavity or depreflure in form ot a cap« 
I lacked and plaiaered, to UiTea (h# rUina 

Digitized by VjOOQ IC 

C A 

of a moderate cbapel, ye» wbich elfe 
would be coo high tor other pieces of the 

CA'LSOUNDS, a fore of linen^rawers 
worn by TUrlts* 

CA'LTHA [Kd\B9,Gr,2 «*»« pJ"^ 
ciUed a Marigold. 

CA'LTROPS [coltpatppe, Sdx^ctiatlfe- 
trape, F, See CbauJJe'traps, 
CA'LQUING 1 f with Painters ] is 
CA'LKING f where the backfide of 
tiw defigo is rovered with a black or red 
coiouri and che ftrokes or lines are traced 
through on a copper place, wall, or any 
other matter. 

i , «__ I Ck'LV AKT lin Heraldry] 
I ^V" I ts a crofs calvary, is I'ec on 
I I I fteps to reprefeoc che crofs 
I jAl I oa which our Saviour fuffer- 
Ul^^L/ ed on mouQC Calvary, as here 
CALVES SNOUT, a kind of herb. 
CA'LVITY Icalvitast JL] baidnefs of 
the head. 

CALVITIES [in Medicine] baidnefs, 
the foiling off of ihehair, without being 
able to grow again. 

CA'LUMET, or ripe of Peace [among 
tlMVirgittian Indians] is alarae 
tobacco-pipe made of red, black, 
or white marble ; che head is 
finely polilbed, and the <}uill 
which is commonly cwo tooc 
and a half long, is made of a 
pretty ftrong reed or cane, a- 
domed ^ith feathers of all co- 
lour, interlaid with locks of 
w omens hair : They rye to it 
two wings of the mcfk curious 
birds they can find, which makes 
their calumec rometh'n^ refem- 
tic Mercury^ wand. This pipe is 
apafs «nd iAt-co ^ixGt among the allies of 
che nation who has given it, and in all em- 
baflies che ambaffador carries ic as the (yvc^ 
bol of peace } and cbe^ are generally per- 
futded (hat a greac misfortune would be- 
fall them a they violated the publickfaich 
of the calumet* 

All their enterprifes, declarations of 
war, or conclufions of peace, as well as 
all the reft of their ceremonies, are con- 
firmed with this Calumet ; they fill that 
pipe with ^be befl cobacio chey have, 
and then prefenc ic to chofe wiih whom 
they have concluded any great affair* and 
(hen fmoke out of the fame after them. 

CA'LUUNY [called by theOr^fi^i Ai«- 
Co\a, V hence comes che Latin DiaBoliu^ 
and Devil in Englifht the father of all ca 
lumnyj an Athenian deitv, in honour of 
whom chiy builc a temple. iMCian tells 
iif , chat ApeUeSf bttisg accufed by a pain- 


ter for having confptred tgainft Ffotiwj 
having cleared himfeU of che accufacioi 
Ptolemy, to make him amends, gave hii 
xoo Clients, and delivered his accuierioi 
his hands co do whac he pleafed wii 
him : Upon th's, ApeUes^ to be reveng< 
on Calumny t painted a prince wich iax| 
ears fitting upon a throne, wich S4pit 
on ttnd ^norance near him i che prince ii 
ting chus in ftate, and reaching forth h 
hand a greac way off to CaluXoyt whii 
he reprefented having a fiace very brig] 
aod fparkling, with extraordinary cbam 
and incitements, and advancing towar 
the prince, holding a torch in her U 
band, and by her right dragging an inn< 
cent young man by the hair, he holding i 
his hands to .heaven and imploring ai 
Before Cj/Mnn^ was painted Envy, with 
pale countenance and fqainung eyes, whii 
ferved to fee off Gt/umny, and make h 
appear the more acceptable. Afcer b 
comes Repentance, reprefenced by che i 
gure of a lady in a mcurnitig habic, wi 
her garmencs rent, and turning her head v 
wards a figure refembling Trulb, weepii 
for forrow and Qiame. 

This pidure ApeUes gave to Ptolem 
and it was efteemed the beft piece in d 
whole world. 

The moral of this pi^ure h, that C 
lumny worries and afflifts Innocenc 
which by means of a foolilh or malicio 
Credulity^ proceeding from Ignorance 
Sufpicion is received. The Calummat 
drenfes up, and orders all things by thei 
fiftiuce ot Impofjure^ and by flactery i 
finoaies htmfelf into the good opinion 
che hearer s but Truth appearing ftoner 
liter, difcovers the malice of the Falflwy 
and fo there is nothing left to Calunoy ^ 
her labour, but a bitter repentance. 

CALX, chalk, burnt lime, mortar. 

CALX VIVA [in Cbynacal m-iters] 

CALX r«n Cbymical miters] U t 
prefs'd by this chiraf^er, C. 

CALX fin Chyrniflry] a kind of aih< 
or fine friable powder, which remains 
oecals, minerals^ ^. atcer they ha 
undergone the violence of the fire for 
lo;)g time, and have loft all their ham 

CA'LTCLE Icalycului, JL] with Bd 
wfist a fmal! bud of a plant. 

CAMAl'fiU [of cameekwa, with rt 
Afiansy who ff> call the Oigfx when the 
find it preparing another colour, f. d. 
iecond ft^ooej a ftone on which is (on 
various figures and repiefencacions of lao 

CAMAI'EU ff'^iiie derive icof jmv" 
Gr. low, bccaufe Bajjo Mievo's are coi 
mooly exprcfled by li] fo painters call fo 

C A 

^■■p h wfaicii cbere is but one co- 
kfymi where the JfcKrs and Aadows 
•CMdBODi ground of gold or azure. 

CAUiU, a pirple onwinettt, wiiich a 
ykfwuu o?er bis rochet. F. 

aiORADB Uo(eamera,L. a cham- 

COlflUDE f berj a chainber.fel- 
'k*, 1 IbUow-lbldier, an intimate com> 

Cim Tumliu, L, of vifit^KQ*, 
&Jtbnt of burdea, common in 4fitf, 
.Ikk ii tUe ro cv ry looo pound weight, 
4il faUft tea or twelfe dip without 
ttiif or driak'if . 
. a3ia ffiim«(^^V4<[f ] wat nfed co 
■but fifial reverence, bectufe it has 
<te idpeft lor i(« perentt, chat it refu- 
fttop&aoQ with them : It is ai(b ofed 
•tpi^ a fich man and a good fubjeft, 
itehhnKt CO rhe command of his fuperi- 
«, Iciv aa animat rery ttrong, labo- 

CAMTLEON [of X^/***^"** ^^r X^ 
^aik grono^, and Mm a Hon, Gr.J 
tku cmture refemoling a lizard > but 
fteikteadof iclsb?gger and broader, 
> Haqudropedey having on each foot 
^ laec, and a loqg call, by which it 
^hAciideif apoo creea, as well as by 
uae. k fre^nts the rocks. Jives 
^lia, gaacs, ^. and lays eggs; the 
Moo colour or ic is a whitiA grey, 
miric be ezpofed co the fun, or tec 
^ othsr coloars, fooie parts of ihe 
^cftaoge their colour after apleafant 

, OmrNS [emeUmu, £.] of or be- 
^M c« a camel. 

CAUELl'NA [with Hefim.1 treacle or 
••fifced. U 

CAIIttV HAY, a fort of fwccr-fmel- 
■I nil growing in the E^en Cbwi- 
CAlfELOPATlbAUS) lx^9X%jrd0' 
OMELOPA'RDUS f /«Aif , of w^^ 
g^acunel, and an^^/«Xic a panther, 
w-j a beat thai has the Ihape of a camel, 
whfponedlike a panther. X* 
CIUELOPO'OIUM [of «<f;«ii;^ and 
•fcifcoe] a pitnt, a fon of Hore-hound. 
^QmUATED Icamgratiu^ JL.] Tault- 

Caifi'RA OBSCUHA [in Opticks'] a 
^4iken'd e?ery where, but only at 
^hk hole, in which a glaft is fixed 
*^if Che rays of obie^ to t frame 
•W»r or white cloth. 
^fAUiS [with Gi4^il the imallileo. 
^ to4ioi caft lead of which they make 
^adUed lead for joiotng tie puet e» 

.CAmsA^&D. Afhndb ctlTlniftof the 

C A 

CAMISA^ED [c^/atut, £.} cloath- 
ed with a linen garment, fur plice or (bin* 

CA'MLET [prob. of zamkelotf a term 
ufed in the Ltvmtt for ftufF made of goat's- 
hair] a fort of ftuff made of camel's hairs 
filk, ^c» mix'd. 

CAMPAl'GN OVEN, a portable ores 
made ot copper, of a conrenient lengthy 
and about 3 or 4 inches high, beiog raifed 
on feet, fo that fire may be kindled under* 
neaih ; and on the cover or lid of it art 
ledges to hold fire alfo. 

CAMPA'NUL A iBotanf] the herb rope- 
weed or wood-biod. Z 

CAMPANO'LOGY [of eanpana^ £. t 
bell, and \*yQ' a dtfcourfel a tteactie 
concerning the ringing of bells. 

CAMPA'NULA S^vifirh [BoUnjf'} xh% 
flower Blue-bell or CaKterbury Bells. Z* 

CAMPE'STRIAN [can^isy i.] 6e- 
bogiig to a pla n held or champion 

CA'mPHOR ) [r«i^£wrif,Z.]thegum 

CA'MPHIRB I or roQn of a tree caU 
led CapHTf much like a walnut-tree, thac 
grows on fome mountains near the fee in 
£4^ JKdies^ and alfo in the ifiand Borneo^ 
aud to fuch a degree of largenefs^ that an 
hundred men may ftand under the Ifaade 
of it. This gum after tempefts and earth- 
quakes flows in great abundance. 

CAMPHORA'TA Iwith Botanifis'} the 
herb Lavender-cotton or Garden-cyprefs* 

CAMPHORATED [oM^dfia, X.] 
mixed with camphtre. 

CA'MPIONS [among BotanifisJ an 
herb that bears a pretty flower. 

Rosa CAMPION, a kiodof LfcMx or 

CA'MPULUM fof a^^^r?*, Gr. to 
twift about] a diftortion of the eye-lids. 

CA'MPUS Martii 1 [intfiici>Rf cuftomsj 

CAMPUS Msii f an aoniverlary a(- 
iembly of our anceftors 00 Mof dzy^, where 
they confederated together to defend rhe 
kingdom againft foreigners and all enemies* 

CA'MUS, a perfon with a low flu 
nofe, followed or funk in the middle. 

CANAItLB, the mob or rabble, the 
dregs of the people. F, 

CA'NAL tf a Larmier fin ArcbiuanreJ 
the hollow platfond or fofiit of a cornice 
which makes the pendant mouchette. 

CANAL ef the VoUiie [Arcbit.'] this 
It the face of the circumvoluttoos ioclofod 
by a lift in the Jomc capital. 

CK^k%^Simcirctaares [Xtt^J three 
canals 10 the labyrinth of the ear. 

CANAirCULATED [cOMliadatus^ I.] 
chanoeDed, made like a pipe or gutter. 

CANA'LIS^eifrioyii#i,[>to4fomv] a 

CANALI'CULUS f veflel obrervcd 

in ftBiiia'Sy but which wii delivery grows 

R % olelele 

Digitized by VjOOQ IC 

C A 

^felers ana difappears. Ic is t rmall cube, 
wbich joining the pulmonary artery and 
•ore a, fervcs to conyey che blood out of 
one into che ocher, without ptiHiig chro' 
the lungs. 

CANA'RIA [with Botanifts'i the herb 
called Hounds-grafs, with whjich dogs 
jprovoke vomir. 

CANA'RIES, To called of Canes d«gs, 
l>e«.aure many dogs were found in it when 
lirft,aifcovered. Iflands in the Atlantick 
lea, ancienily calied che Fortunate JflandSy 
from whence comes the Canary wines. 

CANARY ^/rrf, an excellent tinging 
Inrd of a green colour, formerly bred in 
the tanaries and no where eife. 
CANARY Grafts an herb. 
CA'NCAMUM, an Arabian gum much 
Vie myrrh. 

CANCE'LLI, are lattices, windows 
made with crofs bars of wood or iron : 
ballifters or rails to compafs io the bar 
of A court "f->r proceedings in law ; alfo 
the cbancel of a church. 

CA'NCBLLING [fome derive it from 
^i^xXi^M^ Gr» to encompafs or pale a 
thing round] in the Civil law, i$ an ad 
Whereby a perfonco-ifents that fome for- 
mer a^ be rendered null and void. 
CA'NCER, a crab-fi(h. 
CANCER [with 4ftr(momers'] one or 
tbe twelve figns ef the zodiaclr, which 
the fun enters in the month of yunei 
the charaderiftick of it with Afitologers, 
2^. is this ^, and is reprefented od che 
teleftial globe by the figure of a crab-fifli. 
CANCER, or Afelli ^^?rafepey Can- 
cef is faid to have been placed among tbe 
fiars by thp good offices of Juno^ becaufe 
^hen Hercules bad conquered che Ii^dra, 
•nd wasafTilled by lolaus. Cancer alone 
leaping out of the lake, bit Hercules on 
the '100C9 as PanyafiJ relates in tietaclea. 
^ut Juno doing Cancer great honour, pur 
liim into the number ot the twelve figns. 
Theroare in this conftellation ilars which 
the Oreelu call oroi, i. ^. afifes, ' which 
Bacchus placed among the ftars; they 
liave alfo adjoined to them Trafepe, g, e» 
the manager. 

' Tropick o/CANCBR[with jtfhonomers2 
so imaginary line in the heavens, parallel 
|0 theeouinodial, thro* the beginning of 
^bich line the fun paflTes in /un^, and 
makes our longeft day } ic u called che 
northern tropick. 

' Vkefoted CANCER [with SurgeonsJi 
fs a cancer wheA it has grown larger (han 
ft primitive one, and hiks been opened, 
a/inrf .CANCER ^ [with &«r^f«i/J is 
latent CANCER > a primitive cancer, 
J before it is grown 

Occtt/f CANCER 

iu^c and opened^ which h ono thai 

c A 

comes o. Ttfelf, and appears at firft abo 
the btgoeO of a pea, caufing an iniem 
continual and pricking pain. 

To CA^'NCERATE [canceratum, X.] 
tpread abroad cancer jully. L. 

CANCBRA'TION, a fpreading abroj 
canceroufly. 1. 

CA^NCEROUSNESS fof cancer, L 
the being canceraced. 

CANDELA'RIA, the plant called corel 
berbor wood-blade, long>wort or mu 
lens. L, 

To CA'NDEFY [ candefacere, i. J i 
make white or whiten. 

CA'NDENT [candens, I.] waxir 
white, fhining, clear j alfo glowibg. 

CA'NDICANCY Icandicantia, L. 2 
whitening or making fair, W. 

CA'NDICANT [candicans, 1.] waxin 

CA'NDID [candidus^ I..] fincerc o 
upright, favourable, kind, courteous 
free, open. 

CA'NDIDNBSS [of candidus, X. cm 
dide, F.],fincerity. 

CA'NDIDUS, a, urn [in Betanick l^ri 
ters] white. X. 

CA'NDLB Icandela, W] a lone roil o 
cylinder made of tallow, wax, ^fc. foi 
giving light. 

CA'NDY Akxander, a kind of herb. 

CANB fof Qenoa] for fi:k is 9 palm« 
100 of which make 26 yards Englijh* 

Cane [of Oenoal for Unen and wool- 
len, Is xo paims, which make a, 7.^ 
yards Englijh. 

CANE loiLegbamJi is 4 braces, wh id 
make 2 ells Ea^lijbt and 8 braces is j 
yards EngUJh, 

^ CANE fof MarfeiUesl is 2 yards and 
half Engl{/h. 

CANE loiM^ffina'] is a yards and faali 

CANE [of Jbmel contains 8 palms, 
«nd 30 canes is 55 ells and )kz\i Engtifb. 

CANE'LLAy the fpice called cima* 
mon. I.. 

CANELLE' [in HetdUry] See LtveBed. 

CANBPHO'RA [ol ««vaf5p^, Gr. \ a 
young maid who in the ancient facrifices 
bore a basket, wherein was contained all 
things neceffary for che facrJfice. 

C4NEPHO'RIA [ Jwriifte*'*, Or.-] a 
ceremony among the jtbeiiant whidi 
made part of a teftival, which cnc maids 
celebrated on the evo of their marriaee 

CANESTE'ILUS lOid RxordsJ a baf, 
ket. '' -x 

CA'NIA [B^uaoil a fmall Ringing net- 
tie. X* * 

CANI'CULA, a licde dot or bitch i 
•Ifo adog-fiOi* I. ' 

Digitized by VnOOQlC 

C A 

CCrcuiA'RES [with jl/lroiimersy 
*^-it?s, coin.noQ]y called Dies cam- 
otecf. L trc days wherein ihe <iog-(br 
ijhiaa^ kz% with the Ton 3 during which 
iiM:flrve«dier »s Ailtry and hoc : Thefe 
fif^ cc^ia abouc the 24:h of July, 

«ASKXLA'RIS [wUh Batmlfis] the 

ClWFORM [cdBi/bnnri, JL] fliapcd 
*B » 4-f . 
aiCITODE, boArinefs. £. 
CAXK &4:^. f . e. Che hetih of the 

Cl^iIDORE, awoTalcafe. t>: 
CiS-NAHA'CEOUSl cdmwf Af w, I.] 
OUiNABl'NE J camtabintu, X.] 

if uneTo^, Gr.] of hemp or hempen. 
CtilVf [in ^iBtftomy] rhe cwo fofiil 

^^ ef ibe kg, viz. the ri^id and fi- 

Ci'JJSrrrER'l cfJ^a^canifirum^L.'] 

CA'KiTraR 5 a quancicy ot* cea 
^ T5 n) 100 ponnd weight. 

%d CANNISTER, a fmall vefTel 01 (il 
■B-, ^"a» jgc. 10 hold tea. 

Cl'SjiON [cAfOB, F-J a piece of or. 
Mil, 9r freat gnn. The firft chat was 
^ VIS on the coafl of Denmark^ in 
^ ynr 1)04, and after w«rck became 
'^'moB ia ifac wars between the Ge- 
'^ uA tbe Veiutidnsy in the year 
ijio: aad in 1 3S6 were ofed in EngUmd, 
■^ M beiag dilcharged at the fiege of 

CiNOF, a little veiTel or boat ofed 
Hc^ McAJ, made ali of one piece of 
ttei^kei a rree hoI-owed. 

^4^ CANON, a table of the mo- 
ViAJe roAs, ftcwing tbe day ot Eafier, 
>s<;heQcberfeafts depending upon ic tor 
a nc^ of 19 years, 

_*B»rrf CANON iTrigOttimetry'J h the 
I ei fiDea, tangents and iecants taken 

^ruiaai CANON, is the canon of ar- 
t^ai^ &Ka, caogencs, Jc|rc. i. e. cofines, 
«tt^s, be. 

C4rMON icjnomcust t* canouific, F. ] 
• ^-*UC>r or doA>r of the canon law. 

C&IQKESS [with the ZamarnftsJ a 
BttA 9h9 enjoys a prebend, affe^ed by 
thel ng ji ut m for maids, without being 
^^if^ T» rcDCODce the world, or make 

CMSOSlMigiidr, are canors who ftill 
bk coomanicy, aod who. to the prac- 
^of fkeir nsles, have added the pro- 
ykm of tows. 

C^iOHS Secular^ are Iay.canons,fuch 
*^ the laiiy as oot ot honour and 
««ut bavt been admliced Into fomc 

C A 

CA^ONRT, the benefice filled or fofh 
ply*d by a canon. 

CANO'PUS, a fabulous go<f of the £- 
gyptiansy much adored by the coihmoQ 

CANO'ROUSNESS [of catonu^ X.J 
loudness, Ihrilnefs. 

TO CANT [with CarpetUersJ is afed 
for to turUy as when a piece of tiaaber 
comes the wrong way, they fay cant it^ 
i. f* turn ic about. 

CANTA'BRICA [of Cantdri \Xi ^ipMU 
where ic was firft foundj the wild Oilli- 

CANTALl'VER Ormice^ is a cornice 
with caliralivers or modiliohs uadarit. 

CA'NTAR [in ^r^^ij] is iSfraceHoes, 
every fracelloe being Z5 pounds xa ouo- 

CANTAR [at Conftantiaopie} U 120 
pounH Englijh- 

CANTAR [jitM4effind} about Z27 pound 

CANTAR [in Spain] wine meafore, u 
about 2 gallons. 

CANTAR [in TkrJtey 10 4fidl zoo rt^ 
telloes, abou: 418 pounds averdupoize* 

CANTAR f at Tifliir J 114 pound. 

CANTHA'RIUS [of ««r^«efV, Cr, « 
beetlej a ftone having the figure of a bee- 
tle on'^ic. 

CA'NTHERUS [Arcbitca,;} a rafter or 
joift of a hoofe chat reaches down froin 
the ridge to the eaves i a tranfuiQ^ ^ 
Tpar } alfo a leaver. JL. 

CANTHUS Ixdf^cs, Gr.] tbe angle or 
corner of the eye, and is either the ex- 
ternal or lefler, or internal or greater. 

CA'NTHUS [with C^mi/Ji] the lip, or 
that part of the moeth of a veflel, which 
is a little hoUow'd or deprefsM for the 
eafy pouring ont of a liquor. 

CANTING Coin J [in a ^/>3^ are 
fmall Aort pieces of wood cut with a 
Iharp ridge to lie between rhe casks, and 
prevent them from rolling ene againli 

CA'NTONi a fore of an additional cur- 
tain ro a bed. 

CA'NTON [in Heraldty) nn -1 

(ignifids a corner, F> and is |^M I 

one of the. nine ordinaries, |^^ | 

and ofereae efteem, and is 
exprefled as in the efcutcheon 
here annexed. 

CA'NTONED [in Architeaure] is when 
the corner of a building is adorned 
with a pilafler, an angular column, ruftick 
quoms, or any thing that proje£ls be- 
yond the naked of a wall. 

CANTONE'E [Httaldry] i«uiedbyth« 
Firtncb, to exprefs the poficion of fuch 
things as are borcc wiih a crofs^ ^c. be- 
tween them. CAN- 


Digitized by VjOOQ IC 

C A 

CA'NTASS [among the Prenchl is a 
word afed to fignify the model or firft 
words whereon a piece of mufick or air 
is composed and given to a poet to re- 
gulate and complete. 

CA'NUL A [with Surgeons^ a little tube 
or pipe, H hich they leave in wounds or 
ulcers, that they either dare not, or 
chufe not ro heal up. 

CA'NUMl [in the Scotch \9iVf'} a du- 

CA'NA J ty paid to a faperior or 
lord ot the land s efpeclally lo biibops 
•ad churchmen. 

CANUTUS, is faid by fome writers 
CO be the greateft king that England e- 
irer bad, being king of all England ^ icot 
Jand, Denmari, Sweden and t^tarway. 

To CAP [Sea term] ufed oJ a ihip, in 
tbe trials of the running or fecting of 

CA'PABLBNESS7 [eapacitas, £.] »- 

CAPA'CITY I biilty, fuffidency, 
ikin, reach of wir,' 

CAPA'CIOUSNESS [oi capacitor, X] 
largeoeft, ability to receive. 

CAPACITY [in a Logical fenfc] an 
ftptitode, faculty^ or dilpodtioo to recato 
or bold any thing. 

CAPB [i- #. take] a Judicial writ re- 
lating to plea of lands or tenements, and 
IS of two f«ris, viz. Grand'Cape and fe- 
tit-eape^ both whi^h cake held of things 
immoveable, and differ chiefly in this^ 
that GrOKd-cape lies before appearance, 
'«nd Feth'Cape after it. 

CAP£LI'NE, a woman's hat or cap 
tdorn*d with leathers. 

CAPE^LA, a chapel or church. X. 

CAPB1.LA [4/?roii.] the little goar, a 
llarot the firft magnitude in the Ihoul- 
der of Auriga* L. 

A CAPBlT [probably of caper, I. a 

foat, a mifcbievous creature, or of cafto, 
., to take] a privateer or pirate-(hip. 

A CAP^R [of c^r, X. a goat, a fris- 
ky creature] an agile or brisk and high 
'leap in dancing. 

To CAPBR [of caprijfare, X.] to cut 
« caper, to leap briskly^ high and wan- 

CA^ERATBD [caperatus, X.] wrin- 
kled like a goat's horn. 
' CAPIAS in Pf^itbernamy Iffc, a writ 
which lies for cattle in fTitbernam, 

CAPIAS in JVttbemammmyiffc, bomme, 
)grc. a writ which lies tor a leivant in 

CaPJLLA'CBUS, tf, urn [with Botamck 
iVriters] is ufed of plants, when the 
leaf is cut into fine and fmall threads like 
hairs, as fennel, drlt, hfC- 

CaPi'LLAMEnT icapillamentm^ X.J 
a bufli of kairi aj^iuke. 

C A 

CAPI'LLAMHNTS of tbe N^rver, 

the fine filamenit or fibres, whereof 
nerves are compofed. 

CAPILLA'RIA vafa r,4natomfJ wm 
fo called from their being fmall, as 
pillus n hair. 

CAPI'LXARINESS [ of capiiiaris 
capiUaire, F.J hatrine(s, likeoeis 

CAPILLA'RIS [in Betai^] Femu' 
Maiden- hair. X. 

CAPILLARIS [BoUKy] that bean 
feeds on tbe back fide or iu leaves, 
has no flowers. 

CA'PILLARY {c^iUaris, JLJ perc 
•ng to, or like hair. 

CAPiLlARY Tld>es [in rbfficis] 
iitile pipes, whofe canals are the i 
roweft that poiTibly can be, or j 
whofe diameter does not exceed ch^ 
a common hair. 

CAPILLCySE [c^Uofus, XJ hairj 
bounding wirh hair. 

CAPIILUS, the hair of the head 
bufli of hair. X. 

CAPl'LLUS Veneris [Botaiy] the 1 
Maiden-hair. L. 

CAPrSTR ATfiD Icopifiratus^ X.] m 
zled, bridied. 

CAPfSTRUM, t coUar or htUer i 
horfe. Z. 

CA'PITAL Vm [In Rrlifcatim i 
right line drawn from the angle of 
polygon to the point of the bAftaoe^ 
from the point of the baftion to 
middle of the gorge. 

CAPITAL letteri [with Trimers] 
the initial letters, wherein titles, \ffc* 
compofed, and all periods, veriea, \ 
commence ; all proper names of pcrii 
places, terms of arts,ideoces andd^nl 

CAPITAL fin Artbiuaure] is ap 
cipal urvi eflential part of an order 
column or pilafter ; and i% differeni 
different orders, and is that which ch 
ly diflinguiflies and charaderiiet the 

^ The Corintbian CAPITAL, is much 
richeft, it has no Ovoh^ and its aht 
is verv different from thofe ot the Dor 
Jonici and Tufcaa, It hu its faces 
cular hollowed invrards, haHng eroi 
the middle of each fweep* It hu oal 
brim, and a vafe inftead of an ovolo 
amulets » the neck beiqg much len|tb« 
and inrich'd with a double row « ei 
leafes in each, beodins their hea^<^ 
wards, fmall ftalks anfing between, fr 
whence the volutes fpring} but tbejr 
femble not thofe of the Jonick ca^ 
which are z6 in this inftead of 4 ia 
lamA^ QQ each fide 4 under the 4 h^ 

Digitized by VnOOQlC 

C A 

l^iki^MOtt, where ibe 4 Tolotts meee 
■ I iaaJi leaf, which rams backwtrds 
BBttii (he correr of the mbacus. Thcfe 
hps ire divided, each making three 
toftf « kflcr leaves, whereof they are 
iUBjiuftJ ; a^ain each lelTer leaf isrome. 
tbci pared iato three called laurel leayet, 
Wfoeiily iKO 5 called olive leaves, 
tk Bid^k leaf, which beads down, is 
|K«i inso devei*. In the middle, over 
Ik haves, is a flower, Aoocing oui be- 
i*«ea the fteoia and volutes like the roie 
h tbe tbtem. The height of this capi. 
&1 B two a-3ds nodnlesj and its projec- 
■e ose vSths. 

The Tt4cm CAPITAL, is the moft 
iafteMd aaadorn'd. Its members or 
wsx\ m BO more dian three ; an tf- 
HDn, wd under this an ovolo or qaar- 
'7s«i, and mder that a neck ovcol. 

Tiwfifii CAPITAL, takes Irs name 
frsB VI faciag compofed of members bor- 
tB««^koB :he capitals of other columni. 
See TlMi Anbiteawrt. 

f .^s the Dorick, it takes a <|a4rier- 
wtmA or ovol« } from the Inuci, an 
aln|d oodtr this, together with volutes 
w va6« i frwB the CcriathioH, a doable 
fee of keves, and in moft other things 
^' Ves the Cormtbian, generally cou- 
of the ^ne memhen and the fame 

Jthat is a flower in the middle of the 
and leaves which run upwards 
r'thc horns, as ia the Cwtntbian, 
kl« lovers iaftead of flalks in the Co- 
, lying clofe to the vafe or bell, 
ivift themfeives round towards 
idri e of the faice of the capital is 
> ■odafes t'Bdi and its proje£^are one 
* de tp^ds, as in the Corimbim. See 

[^ Dmkk CAJPlTALs btfides an sOfa- 

2«a«velb, and a neck in common 

I rile Tm^M^ has 3 annulets or little 

nbcrs underneath the ovolo^ 

I of the aftragal in the Ti^jb, and 

I *e sisau, a talen, cima or ope 

litfBct. The height of this capital 

^ Mdak, and its proje&ure 37 

h md half. See Plati Arclnte- 

^^ JtakI CAPITAL, IS compofed of 

^^p»o, an abacus which coofifts of 

»«dt fiUeis and under this a 

^ b produces the volutes or fcroils, 

lit tht moft efleatial part of this 

The aftragal, which is under 

ii, beloofis to the fliaft, and the 

I |*rt is called a rind or bark, be- 

kai iia bearing fome refemUance to 

^ofe tree laid on « Ttfe, the 

c A 

hrim of which is r«prefent6d by the < 
lo, and feems to have been Ihrnnk up in 
drying, and to have twifted into the vo* 
lutes 5 the ^volo is adom'd with eggs fo 
called from their oval form* The height 
of this capital fome reckon 1% nuances* 
its projeAures one module 7-ioths. 

JinguUr CAPITAL [in ArcbitgaMn] ifl 
that which beai s the return ot the enca* 
blacure at the corner of a projeftiire of % 

CAPITAL ef a BaUnfier [in Arebi- 
teSure j that part that crowns the bai« 
lufter, fomething refemblbg the ianuk 

CAPITAL of a Trigfypb [Arcbkeaure] 
a platband over the trigTvph. 

CAPITAL of a Nibe t^cbiteaurej n 
fort of fmall canopy over a (hallow niche, 
covering a ftatue. 

CAPITAL Crime, is fuch a crime as 
fubjeds the offender to the lois of either 
head or life. 

CAPITAL Stock [in Trade, ^cj h the 
ftock or funi ot a trading company, or 
the fum of money they jointly contri- 
bute to be employ'd in trade. 

CAPITAL City, the principal city of a 


A'PITALNESS t of cap'ital!s, L. ca* 
pital, F. J the being great, chief. 

CAPITA'T;E Plants [with Botanifii} 
are fuch plants whofe flowers arp com- 
pofed of many edged and hollow little 
flowers, and Mr. tUn calls them by this 
name, becaufe their icaly Caliz moft com- 
monly (wells out into a large and round 
belly containing within it the pappous 
feed, as Carduus^ Centaury, Jsr. 

CAPITA^US, a^um I with Botank'k 
ffriterf] h ufed of plants, whofe flower 
is compofed of like hollow flowers, ri- 
ling out of a round fcaley head or but- 
ton, as yacia. Knapweed, Cyanur, Iffc. I- 

CA'PITE [Botany] with a round knob 
called Capkt> X. 

CATlTi fin JLflr] a tenure by which 
a perfon held of the king immediarely, 
as of his crown> either by knight's (er- 
vice or foccage ; and not ot any honour, 
caftle or manour belonging to it. But 
by a ftatute 12 CbarUtU' all fuch te« 
nures are aboUthed 

CAPCTIBUS, in or with knobs, X. 
See Caput* 

CA'PITOL, the Capitol at Ifome was 
confecratcd to Jupiter Jmperator, was 
built upon the Tarpeian mountain ; was 
a very famous ftru^ure, the richeft and 
moft noted in all Italy. 

It was beautiful with the ftatues ««nj 
images of idol gods with the crowns of 


Digitized by VjOOQ IC 

C A 

Vidory, tnd Tpoils of the nations which 
the lioma:s had conquered. 

It was cre£ked hyTarquinius Fr'ifcus tnd 
Seniui Tidlius^ two km^s of Romtt and 
aliftrwards enUrged by following gene- 

CAPlTUaUM lATCbited.'] t Ilirle 
keid, cbe chapter or cop ot a plliar. 

CAPl'TULUM, a chapter or aifcmbly 
of a dean and prebends, belonging to a 
cathedral or collegiate church. 

CAPNl'AS [iMwrirtf, Gr.'] a kiikl cf 
Jafper, fo called bccaufe ic Teems as if 
It were blackened with fmoak. 

CAPNI'TIS [«*T>iTif, Gr^l a fore 
of cadmia or brafs-ore. 

CA'PMOMANCY [aiiTf.^, fmoke apd 
ptarrt^A divinacion] a divining or fooch- 
iaying by fmoke, ariling from an altar, 
where incenfe and poppy-feed is burnt > 
the rule was* when tbe fmoke was thin 
and light, and rofe ftraic Up, ic was a 
good omen> when the con:rary, an ill 

CA'PNOS [ neifffQ'^ Gr. ] the herb 

CAPON [in a Figurative fcnfe ] an 
cflfeminate fellow, fo called by way of 

CA'PON'S Tail, an herb. 

CA'PONER, a capon. 

CAPPARl'S [aaflf-Ta^iO the flirub chat 
bears the fruit called Capers. 

CA'PRA, a ihe-goaci alfo a ccnftel- 
lation. I^ 

mologiftsi a fiery metaphor or exhalation 
whicli fomerimes appeais in the acmo- 
fphert, and is not fired in a ftraic line, 
but with windings and inflexions in and 
out. X. 

CAPREO'LUS [with Botaniflsj h the 
clafp or tendril, by which vines and other 
creeping }^lants faften themfelves to^ thof- 
things which are intended for their fup- 

CA'PRlCB 1 pieces of poetry, pain> 

CAPRI'CHIO j ing and mufick, where 
the force ok imagination goes beyond 
the rules of arc. 

CAPHl'ClOUSNESS [of caprice, prob. 
of caper^ t. a goat j famadicalncfs. ^c. 

CAPRlFO'LlUM[with BotaniJiiJ che 
ihrub Wood-bind or Hony-'uckle. 

CAPRl'OENOUS[wpr/^fnwj, JLjborn 
of a goat, or goat kind. 

CAPRIO'LA [with Botanifls] the herb 
DogVtooth. Lm 

CAPRI O'LE, a caper or leap to dan- 
cing, a goat leap. K 

CA'PRIPEDB IcapripeSf JL] having 
feet like a f»oar. 
CAPRl'lANT Pulfelpuljus caprizans. 

C A 

I.] an uneven or leaping pul/e. 

To CA'PRIZATE [ caprizatum, X. 

CO leap like a goat. 

CAPROTl'NA, a name given by th 
Remans to the goddefs Juno^ and ch 
Nones^ of }uly, which they celebrated i 
a teftival upon the following occafioi 
The Gauls having quitted Mom^, ch 
neighbouring people, knowing the weak 
nefs of the city, took occafion co mak 
themfelves makers of it. Lucius^ dii 
tat or of the Fidenates, fends a herald c 
che fenarors of Rome, to teil cbem thi 
he would preferve the remains of cfa 
city oi.Rome, if they would fend hii 
their wives and daughters. The fein 
tors apprehending their total ruin wa 
at hand, were in great perplexity wh« 
courfe to cake 5 upon this a lho-flaT« 
named Ptelotes, propofed an expediei 
and affembling all her fsllow fbe^av 
drcflcd in ti»cir miftrefles fine cloath 
went to the camp of ihe Fidenates, ac 
being received by the gchcral, were di 
tribuccd among his officers ard f >idie« 
and th^y invited them 10 drink, and a 
lured them fo co do till they were drank 
which being affefied, upon a fignal | 
vcn, che Romans fell upon the Fidenate 
and put them all to the fword ; and i 
commemoration of their deliveraiice» ci] 
ed the diy Nom Caprotin£, 

RES, a term 
m Gunnery %' 
ven to that 
ftrong plate of | 
iron which 
comes over 
the trunnions 
of a gun, and keeps her in her cairiagi 
ic is fiften'd by a birge co tho pris 
plate ihac it may lift up aiui down ; 
terms a piece of an arch in the midd 
CO receive a third part of the trunrioo 
for two thirds are lee inco the caniag 
and the other end is fattened to t« 
iron wedges, which axe called cbe fia 
loch ztidKeys, 

Main CAPSTAN is the machine • 
capfhn placed behind the roain-nail. 

Jeer CAPSTAN, is the machine pUc 
between che matn-maft and the tor 
maft) it h made ufe of to heaTe ope 
the jeer-rope or upon the Viol^ and t 
hold off by when the anchor is wtif hinj 
Cowif OKt CAPSTAN "I [ietf Term 
launch tbe CAPSTAN I » ufed wb 
che mariners would have t. e cable ck 
they heave by flacked. 

Paul tbe CAPSTAN ^Sea Term] fi 
nifies to ftop ic with the pawl to ke 
it trom recoillDg or caroiog backward) 

Digitized by VnOOQlC 


JhACiPSTAN [S§d Tmi] !f to 
hk MDf Bcn tc ict u can ftmd 

iliHe td cnro ic tbovc* 

lift if 4 CIPSTAN, is chft mtm 

ti^tf CAPSTAN^ ar« Ihorkpte- 
4*QBi aa^ hit co r» ro^ hinder, 
^ icB comiDg tod ni^h ta cura- 

uROU, a llttJb coffer or caf. 

OfSCUCOltDtS wich Anatomifis] 
Jt^ Aac rscampafles the hearc , the 

tt»U [«iib Gbya^lfJ] an earthen 
W « fcm 01 a pan, wherein things, 
^it ce ta aadefi^o a violent ope.a- 
■■Wfcr tie pQu 
^Clteu [vCtb Batm^i a feed vef. 

CIWU Pa Botm. ffHt.} In or 

CifSUUR[ciy/iitarri,I.] pertaining 
»t*,cbeil orcaskec. 

CI«DL4TENE$S cfc^uUiu,L.] 
"•UjgiaJcte^ i/1 any thiig, as 
•J*» »|ree& hotk. 
.i^US twiih Jfcr. ] in or wiih 

^^i« CAFTAlNy the captain's fe 
y ^ A* odiccr who commandt the 
2j"f •» the capcatD^ and In hit 

J^^Ccfa Mrckant-flKp-} the 
>y j< fe, who has the cmmairi 
«g*aC the Aip, crew, lad ng, iffc. 
JmUBttmP^ Che dignirp or tffice 

M'^^^*"^ to take exception or to 

* Wnn (cdpthns, L. ] one who 
"*^ b^ aa enemy, a prifocer of 

]^pCHO^[inBerMry] fignlfies 
^^.«rd it <fiffers from chaperon, 
^^ « ti DM open as the other is, 
•fldfc^ etery way. F. 

k^^DrscmufA/ha^ the Dr^oii*j 
. ^ cste ol'tte AfoM*! afi.endin|$ 

. '•^^•wtoMrn CbtmcaiVrittri] 
I *7*< by chU char^aer. {) 
^^% itiod ol roUtng throne, ufed 
?|^ lod the fplendid entries ol 

L^ tt tcwraaion of fttit, Ar/>. 
F^iatt a city, a4 nir//)^, Cir/r- 

^ CgRifitt a low Watery placei 
7^titei|fowi or a pool s as Gir- 

l^^^> yaUow tmber reduced to 

CA ^ 

CA'RACOL [with ^cl^ire5x] tftaih 
cafe in a hetix or fpiral torm. 

CA'RACOL [ with Btrfiaun ] fs aii 
oblique pifte or tread, traced out to 
iemi-ioundt, phan^ing from One hand 
to another^ without obferHng a regQ« 
lar ground. Sometimes in an army, wheh 
the horfe advance to charge theenemy^ 
they tide up in Cdnfioit^ with a defign 
to perplex them and put them into 
doubf, whether they deiJgn to charge 
them In front or flank. 

CA'RACOL [with the Spaiudrds'} fig- 
nifies a motion, which a fquadron of 
hor'^ makes, when in an engaf;ementi 
aObon al the firft rank has hred their 
P'ftols, wheeling on^ to the righr, and 
the Other to the left, along the winga 
of the body to the rear to give plac^ 
to the n«xt rank to fire, and fo on. 

To CA'RACOLE [with Ihrfemeu] U 
to go in the form of haif-^'ouads. 

Ca'RAITBS [of H")^, Oeb. he Wad] a 
ftSt among the ^ewit f<^ called froni 
their flri& adherence to the lettfer of 
the S books of A ofis. rejeOing all in«i 
rarprctation, paraphrife and coounentgi- 
ries of the Rabinj, 

CA'»<AMHl Lwith amf.aianers] thA 
fixrh add laft degrhe of b> idrg of Togsr^ 
when, if a little ot it be rakin up witH 
the rip of the finger and nut betweeii 
the tedth, it will bieak and eta* kle with- 
out flicking to it at all ', tlfo a curiou^ 
fort Ol fii^a rework. 

CAPIAT of Goii, is pfoperly thd 
weight of a4 grain, or one it tuple z± 
carais make one ounce, tl the gold be 
fo fine that in purifytn^ it, it lores no- 
thing, or but vety little, it is faid ro be 
eold of 24r?rati« i^ it lofes one carac 
ic is fa^'d ro be g-^lJ of a3 carats, ^c* 

CARaVA'NSBKASKIER. the dlieaor^ 
fteva-d »r intendant of u {caiave< fera, 

CARASNA, a hard, . bhtle; refinoui 
gum, ot an aromarick fijvou"^ broi^h^ 
trom he H^.fl Mies* 

CARAWAYS, a plant. 

CARBUNCIE [in Herat- 
dty J one of the f recious 
ftoi es. It was reprefented by 
the ancients in an' efcutcheon, 
as in this annexe*, d?ftgniiig 
thereby to exprrTtheteaml 
or bays that iiTie from the cihteir 
which is th^ tranf.endent iuflre of the 

CA'RBUNCLl [with Sargcmi'] 4 fierp 
botch or ptsane-rore, wich a blac'< cruft 
or fcab^ which falling off leaves a ddc|^ 
and dangerous ulcer, called alfo Anthrax* 

CARBUNCULO'SB iCarhmiculof.i.Ll 
full of fores; , „ 

$ feA'A,- 

Digitized by VnOOQlC 

C A 

CAHBUNCOLO'SE IcdrhuncutofUs^ 1.] 
full of fores. 

CA'RCANET fof CMTCan^ F.] « chain 
f)r the r cjk. 

CA'RCASS [with Carpenters'] the tim- 
Xyct.-work (as ic were the skeleton of a 
hoiifr) before ic is lathed and plaiitcrcd. 

CA'RCASEl fc^wjj}, R q. d. caro 

CA'RCASS j cajfj vita, /. e. flcfl) 
%vifho»u lifi] a dead body. 

CA'RCASSES, a fort of oval forirt mide 
. with ribs ot 

B - 

iron , and 

l^^H^ ^^^^W powdcr/aJt- 

Ihaving.s of horn, pith, turpeniine9 linfeed 
oil, and afterwards coated over with a 
pitch cloth, and being primed with meal 
powder and quick match, is fired out oi 
a mortar, in order to fee houfes on fire : 
^herc is alfo another fort for fea fervite, 
Which is the fame as a bomb, only that it 
Jiach 5 holes in it all primed with powder 
and quick match, and being difcharged out 
of the mortar, burns violently out of the 
lioles. See Bomf>. 

CARCHE'SIUM [in a Ship] the tun- 
nel on the top of a maft, above the 
fail yards, 

CA'RCHESUM [with Surgeons'] a fort 
ofbandape, confifting of 2 reigns that may 
be equally ftret hed out. 

CARCl'NETHRON [»*/.« /nTe^y, Cr,^ 
the herb Knotgrafs. i. 

CARD cbarta, L. ] a fea chart. 

CARDAMA'NTICA i ttA^x/maf^Un 
Or.] S^e Nafiurtium, Z- 

CaRCINO'DES < Ktt^KirJj'ne of xa^xi* 
y^y Gr. a crab-hflij a tumour like a Can- 

CA'RDAMON 7 [with Bntanifts] rhe 

CA'RDAWUVl f hcib O-.iJen irefTcs. 

CARDrACUM, a cordial medicine, 
that comfjrrs and ftrengche $ the he^rr. 

CARDrO'GMUS fxa/)//*^^®-, Gr] 
« pain at the heart or ftomacb, the heart- 

CArRDlNAL Points fin Cofma^rapby] 
*re the 4 in'erfcaions of the horiton 
with the meridian and the prime verti- 
c-ij tirrle. 

CARDINAL'! rtbwrr fwith Flor^fls] a 
fiower that is very red, like a caidinals 
robe, a ibrc of bell.fiowdr or chroac- 

CARDINAL fT/ndf, thofe winds that 
blow from the 4 Qirdioal poinU of ch< 

C A 

CAKtotNAL Virtues fwith Mora 
arc Prudence^ Temperance^ Jnfiice 
Rfrtitude ; fo called by Etbic\ writers 
c^dot !• a hriige ; becaufe they coi 
them as hinges, upon which idl ocbci 
tues turn. 

CA'RDINALSHIP Icdtdinolat^ F. 
dignity o . a rardinal, 

CARDINAL WINDS^ clfe £4^, J 
'l^ortb anJ South, 

CAl DINAME'NTUM. 5ee Giugh 

CA'RDO, a hin^-e of a do«^r. X. 

CARDO [with Analonufis] rhe fc 
vertebra o\ the neck, io termed be< 
the head tur- s upon it. 

CA'RDUUS iBotottil thcThiftlcc 
Puller's- rhiille. i- 

To CARE [cajiian^ Sax.] to take li 

C A'R BFULNESS [ ca p ^Xulny/ 

Sax, ] heedfuinefs, warineis, CiUt 
lifo anxioufne^s. 

CAREBA'RIA, adil!emper, the he 
nefs of the lead. 

To CAREE N a Ship f- f CMrima, i 
k=cl, carinar^ F.] is to fi: or irsnn 
'idcs or bottom, to caulk her leams, c 
mend any fault <he h^is tmder wmrei 
^ip is faid CO be brought to a cm 
when the greareft part of hcr Ut 
being taken out, fte is inid« fo li 
that by menns of' another lower v 
laid near her, (he may be brotight «|i 
to or>e fide, to the 3d, 4th Or 5th ftn 
•'S bw as occafiun reqa'ret, ard tl 
kept by bsllaft to be caked, ciimi 

A half CAREEN, is when rbey C'\ 
come at tte bottom ot the fl.if , and (z 
only careen half or 1 . F. 

CAREH'NAGE, a careening place } 
fo the l^iy for carcenrnp. F. 

CARIA'TIDES. See Caryatides. 

CA'RIhS, rotrennefs ; properly Li w 
chu is worm-eitei. i. 

CARl'NA [Botati^] he lower F«d 
or leaf ot i P^oiiioi ac ous fl wer. 

CAR rST I A. See ( harifiia, 

CARl'NATED [wi h Botmn-Jts^ U 
ing or crooked like the keel ot a I 
carina, Z. fo the leuves of the A/j>bodt 
are f.n'd to he. 

CA*RKINGNESS, anxious care. 

^n old CARLE [either of cetf, ^ 
But* or ce ^pl, 5tfT. a churl] aa old i 
tin?. Covetous himks, a furly nigaaxd* 

CA'RLISHNESS, churliftncfs, 

CA'RMA 1 [wiih the Ronums] a| 

CA'RNA I defs i&hom as they £ 

glned pre.'ided over the inward paita^ 

occafioned a good habit and CotiftitutUri 

body. j 

CA'JIMBIUS, the god of mount | 

Digitized by VjOOQ IC 


jjyoi. Ttcktu mikes m^otioo of 
^alie2aies how liis prieft ibrecold 
* jfctt lie (boaid be emperor. 

TAllA, feaft itys. in bOBOtir 

__, tbe mother of Evander. 

CailfNE, t BedeokKir^ very vivid, 

Ik « tW cochioeal meftique. 

ttDCNA'NTIA fvrfih PtnfiQtaful 

e nwdidoes, i. «. fuch m are 

io dirperfiag aod driving out 

i.gJXA ltawffcB<?city, towhom 
kjrtSU frheyafcribed tlis prcfer- 
Tfc*:l«taward pans of men. 
tUNA'DOE, t^^Mnc^coio, of which 
■■fe»«»wid, lod K^marveliU z roy- 
VJ^ iavilue to 64. EngUJh. 

CilSiOl^ a fort of precious fione j 

T» OIMITICATB [carnifL'otum, X.] 
^f^ <o CK in pieces as a bangnian. 

^^yOOSNESS, flelhincfs, fulnefs of 

J^^jWLENT [eamukmus, Z.] flefty, 

^'tofwith A*.] the flefb of ani. 
SL'ij* *^ ^^^ to he a 6miJtr, 
2t . ^» foft and thick part, which 
^■••Kh the bones is tJ e main prop 

^0 mfaUofii tfuadrata [Jnat.) the 
7"*«o« commoa^ caileid Fabnaris 

^^[^I'hBat:] the fubftarceuD. 
2* or rind of rrces % the pulp, or 
3*^=« eomained within any pant 
^»^ IS the pulp of CaOia, Tana 
'T» ?^i. Jgrc. 

^'^OLrMfiS, ihe 4 books compofcd 
Jy^ ^^ (-harUynaign to refute the 

^fj^^ [of Saples} a coin equal 

1^2? r*^'^. <5'*-] » '«tharj:y or 
jg*^ « which the perfon affeAed, 
E?J^i Pmched, or caled, fcarce 
{^•Jfj^/^p of ieeling or hearirg : 
^«fer is without a fever, being 

t*^^ier th^Q 

lettargy, buT 
[of Carot a rtd root] 

^'pDES r,«^Ti/ff, Gt.^ two 
1^ ^ b'^1e» one on etch fide, 
CJIJ CBnvey the blood trom the Aor- 
g^Wai io called, becaufe when 
S^7* dKy prefently indioe the 

fttt r*' 

^'tar, a ftoM off n&ii^lar 

C A 

incorporated Atmo 1476. 
Their arms ^x^ argent, 
, a cheveron ingrayl'd be- 
tween 3 pair of com- 
paflcs pointing towards 
the bale and a Kitle ex- 

icndcd- Their hall h ^^ 

fituared on t^e north fsde oi Jjondoa-wall 
over 5pafnft Betblebm, ^* 

CARPE'NTUH, a chariot, a coach or 
waggon. I. 

^CARPENTUM [with Aflfologeul the 
(ihrone or feat of a planet, when fee laa 
place where it has moft d?aniries. 1. 

C ARPfi'SIUM [of Ufi^^ Gr. a beam! 
• irir.d of p!ant called CuBehs. 

CVRPHOS [*rf^^®^, Gr.2 the herb 

CyRPETTED [of carpetta, Hal.] co- 
vered wit ha carpet,. 

CARPI'NEOUS [carphteiu, i.] made 
Of horn- beam. 

CA'RPINUS [viUhBotanifts;} hedpc^ 
beech orhornbcam, a kijid of oak, plane- 
irce or m^ple. I. 

CARPOBA'LSAMUM [ »«/TO>e«\(r*- • 
A«o»', Gr,} the Iruic of Balm or Balfym 
tree, very much like that of the turpen- 
tine, infhape, fize andcolou'. 
' CARPOPHY'tLON lxxf;T09C\\,f,Gr'] 
a kind of laurel. I.. 

CAPOPHO'ROIJS [«*/»jrofi/)^, Cr.l 

CA'RPUS fwith AnatomiJit] the wrift 
confiilingof 8 bon-s, wiih which the cu, 
bit or eJbow is joined to rhe h?»nd, 1. 

CA'RPY icarpi/jus^ JLl the hom beam- 

CA'RREL [Old Records} a clofcc or 
pew in a mnnaftery. 

Block CA'RRIAGES fwiih Gunners^ ^ 
ion of ftrong carts for carry! g reojtars, 
and thair beds from one place to another. 
Tr>nk CA'RRIACF.S [with Gunners] 
are a fliort planks of wood, borne by x 
axle-trees, having 4 wooden trucks or 
whee'sabout a oot and a half, or % foot 
diameter for carrying moit^rs or guns 
upon abattery|\frkere their own carriages 
can't fo 

CARRl^ER [t*n the Manage'] a place 
inclofedwith a barrier, wherein they ruq 
at the ring. 

CARRIER [in Ihlconry'] a flight or 
tour of the bird, lao yards j if it iuoun( 
more, it is railed a double carrier, 

CARRIER [c4«T/£rr, F.] one who con- 
du£is or drives waggous from country to 
town, Jjrc 

CARRIE'RING lofcarriere, F.] a run- 
ning or pai&ng full rpeed. Milton* 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 


CAKRO'USEL, t magnificent feftlvtl, 
tnade upon occa6on of iome publick re 
)oycin|r, coofifting of a cavalcadiBor folemn 
ricsir-gon h Tfe-btck of ^reu perfonages, 
richly arr4y d, courfes ot chanors and bor- 
fci, p . .1 '•k I ev a, garrca, Ufc. X. 

T ) CA'RRY a bom iSea tern] is fa'd 
of ft ttiip, when the makes the water 
foam before her. 

To CA'RRY well [with Hor/emai] U 
a termjifed ot a horfe, whofe neck is 
raifed or arched, and uho h( Ids his head 
|i*g)i, without coodraint, Erm and well 
pl red. 

To CARRY k» [wi h Horjetmn] U a 
term xxitd cf a ho^fe, ihar has naturally a 
Aorr, ill-fbaped neck, attd loweis his head 
coo much. 

CART-TAKERS, officers or the king's 
houfbould, wuo when ci.e court travels, 
have charge ro provide carts, v^aggons, 
IffC^ f^r cartyi g the king's b^gg^ge. 

CA'RTB BLANCHE, a bla k paper, 
feidjm .<cd b<t' iuthis phi.ife, lo feudoue 
a c^rrrf llauche^ fi^r-ed to fill up with 
wh t c n'icions he pieafes. 

CA'RJILAGE [by^n^.] 's defined to 
be a fimilar, white part of a i a im il bo- 
dy, which is harder and drier than « T- 
pameot, but fofier (han a bone, rhe ufe oi 
St is to render the articulatio.) or jointing 
of the bonrs more eafy, and defends feve- 
ral parrs from outward in ju'ies. 

of, belonging to i alfo tuU of, like ^nftles. 

QA'RTON 1 [in Pamtmg] a dcfign 

CARTOO'N f made onftrong P'per, 
to be ifrerwards calked through ; and 
tr^nsterred on the frefli pla-fter of a wall 
to he painced in frefco ; a jpattein tor 
working -n tflptttry, MofaicW, Iffe. the 
Cartoons of k^pkail Vfhan at Uaptptoa 
Coifrt^ are faid to be tap.ftry, defign M for 
a pattern. 

CARTOU'SE \ [cmocch, Jtal.'] an 

CARTOU'CH j ornament in Arcbitec- 
ptre^ Sculpture t fere rcprefcntng afcioll 
bt pjprr } it is rooft commoily a flat mem- 
ber v.uhwayings, on v»hich is fomc in- 
fcripiion or device, cypher, ornament of 

Arcb'tteBs] much the 
fame as modUions^ ex 
cept that thefe are Ter 
under the coi nifli in wain* 
fcoiting, and thofe under 
the coriiifh at the eves of 
a houfe , they are feme- 
times called Dt^iles or 
CA'RTULARIES, papers wherein the 
^il^Gt^ lalefi C3t€h4rgef, privileges^ 

C A 

immottitles, exemptions and ocber 
rhtc bel^n^ to the churches and montftt 
are i-oii^£^ed *nd preferved. 

CARu'NCUtJE cuticutarn lAnati 
t>*enym? ae. 

CAR YA'TIDES [q. d. womeo of C 
•npiiop^naufiu, who being taken caf 
by the Greeks^ after a'.I the male inb 
tants ha : been put to the fword* a 4 
d y bum:, were carried in triumph, 
having treichercufly joined with tbei 
fians a^ainfl their own counctf 1 in ar 
te&ure they are an order of pillara Ai 
like the bodies of women with their i 
cur off, doched In a robe reaching dow 
their teet, and fist to fupport the en!i 

ri^ij an ele<ftuaiy fo denominated troa 
ingredients, vf%. Cldves and Gfios^ wi 
is chiefljr uTed for the gout aiid patoi 
rhe limbs. 

CARYOPHYLLA'TA [with ^dlr.] 
herb Avent. X. 

CiUy-fl^wer. ^* 

CARYOPHY^LUM £with JFferj/fij 
Clove Oilly-fl^>wer• X. 

clove, an fiidim fpic^. f. 

C AR Y'PTIS [Botaiy ] a kind of foui 

To CASH a Hare, to flea and cika 
the bowels. 

CASfi-HA'RDENED, obdoracc, I 
dened in impiety. 

CASE-HA'RDENING, a method 
making the o< it fide of iron hard bya P 
ticular method of put tiiig it into acsfi 
loam, mist with dried hoots, fait, fi 
Kar, ^c. and heating it red bot io 
forge, and afterwards quenchiitg it 

impudence, (cjrc* 

CASE ofgta/i [of Iftrmandj'J cxd 
ing of J1.0 foot. 

CASE of coHfcience^ a queftioa or ki 
pie about feme matter of religion, wb 
the perfoo that b dlfifacitfied. Is deii>« 
to have refolved. 

CA'SBS refirved [with XoMmj/fr} < 
of confequeuce, the abfolation oi wbidi< 
rcferved for the fuperiors or their vict 

CASES [in Gr^ak] are theacddcots 
a i^un, that fliew how it varies to dec 
ning. They are fix in numberi vix^thel 
mnative^ Gnithe, Z>ativgt Aeafatn 
Vocative^ and jUflathe^ which feeiatb 
proper places alphabetically. 

BREAST CA'SKETS fin t ^fj 
:he longeft of the caskets, in the aw 
of the yard ]uft between the tieSf 


C4tS!A Ijfaef^ the fweec wood of t 
Mcrochlike cinnamon. 1. 

ai$lDO»nr lv^iiYiB»tm\fis^ «p)anr 
oSldCift-me-down vaA lavender, F- 

CAtSlVGO, Che Kerb planctne. X. 

Ci^SIOPd'A, Sb^bncies a wrirer of 
tHJ'n&yt in jlndramedd, that Caffh- 
|w fie^ io beauty » ich ihe Serttdj, 
9i oo tha: account fell into a calami- 
^: ht Neptmie fending a uhale, laid 
teUad vifte; for v bich reafon Ca/- 
f^it U ]:ivj p ^ccd co*" re Cetus ihc 
*feie, aad fte is pi^uied iitclo^ oo a 
ha Or chai% 

CASSi^NA'DB 1 cfliVfogar^ fwgir pur 

C&STONADEf up ii to casks or 
(Mibr the fi.ft pmification. 

CiSSDtA £ui BotatjfJ the weed Dod- 
«. i. 

Chi tf the Coimtrj f with Miners] the 
«W ot the earti . 

T^CAST A Ikok to the percb [ivflc.] 
IB pK ber upon ic. 

CASTA'NE\, acbcrrnit-trecor frufr.I, 

CASrC'LLAMfiNT rCon/rtf.j am^ch- 

CmriiAN po the iTtfi Indus] i 
!■» of oonej in T'lae fomotbing more 

anriLLOKUM Oferatio [Old Recj 
Mc of work and labour, to be done 
h mktioT teoaurs tor the repair or buil- 
«S (Softies. 

CA'STER [of t^firwn a ramp, or cdf- 
IdJoi, L a camp or caftle] fee at the eiui 
ttiiOK of a place, tmimicea there had 
ii te ^ace been a c^mp, caftle, iffc* ot 

CastJ'FICK Ic^iftcus, L.2 making 


To CA'STIGATE Tufi'igatu 

I.] to 

CASnSC oftmJbef'Wmk [with Bwl- 
^i>\ is irhen a h ufe being plaifier*d all 
**er 01 the ootf'de with mortar, it is 
fc*i wet by a ruler, « ith a comer 
fiirsvel, ^. to mike it look like 

1^ of ftee ttone. 
CiSTtNG [in Fotmdiry] is the running 

^■■kcd metal into a mould prepared 

•^ ro'pole. 
OSQNG [with Jcyneril wood is faid 

(^atarvarp when it fhoots or flirinks 

^f "fcre, air, fun, Jjrc. 
^«ClSrLE, a term ufed tc cheft- 

r CASTLE [in a Ship] is the rife 
f * *r»ti"n ot the prow « ver the up- 
^ ftaKi dt?1c towards <be miuen. 

I CASTLB [Jn a Shtp] the whole 
^ on that runs on the ftern over 
u •>< ^ck. where the officers cabins 
f'«lfii»i of iilembly 4i«« 

C A 

CASTLliS [In Heraldry^ are eteb1e«t 
or giaitdeur and magnificence i they aU<b 
denote fahduary and fafety | they are gi- 
▼en for arms to fuch as have reduced 
chem by miin force, or have been tlio 
firft that mounted their walls, either bf . 
open alTiult or by efcalade } alfo to oim 
that has defeated fome enemy or takes 
fome prifoner of n'tte, who bor« them m 
his b«nner or ff»ifld. 

CA'STOR and FoHux [according to the 
Toett] were the oifspring of Jupiter and 
Ldds, queen o^Tyndarus, king otOf&tftf, 
in the manner following. Jitter having 
had an intimate fimiliarfcy with Ijtid^ 
Ibe brought forth two large egfts, «t 
that which was of Jupiter came ToUux 
tnd Ht'leaa, and from that which was 
of Tyndanu proceeded C^fir and Ctftem; 

The two brotheit, Cefieit and PaUiut^ 
had filch an entire love one for the ocher^ 
that they always performed their underta- 
kings together, and were, as it wer«t 
tiifeparable) tho' fo//iiz only was im« 
monal by the privilege of his birth, a» 
i rx^ceeolng from Jupiter : but PMix he* 
ving fo'eniire a love tor his brother Ce- 
ftor, he prevailed ttpon Jupiter to adiaic 
hrm into the number et hia Tons. And 
Jufiter made Cuflor partaker of Immor* 
caiity wi h Pollux, fo that they wer« 
both CO live fucvoflively one after ano» 
Cher, till the time that they were botk 
cranflited to the figns ot the todiack, 
where the^ reprefenc tho coaftellacioQ 
raird Gemtui. 

Boi they did not attain this hononr be* 
bre they had merited it by many glo. 
rious a6^ions i for Tifefeui having carried 
away their fifter Helena, they forced him 
to reflore her, and clear'd the coaft of all 
the pirates that iafefted the Tea s and for 
th's reafon they were accounted and e« 
dored among ihe deities of the (ea ; and 
the heathens facrifi ed unto them white 

The Spmans imagining that chev re* 
ceived affiftance from them in the barti* 
agaioft the Latins, near the lake MtgiUus^ 
therefore builc them a ffcately temple i aod 
commonly fwore by their names* The 
oath that women fwore was MapaTf f .#» 
MAes Ctffieris, the temple of Oifior i and 
the men's oath was Mdepoi^ i. e* Mde$ 
PoUuciSf the temple ot Pollux, 

The locrenfis affirm'd that they faw 
them leading their at my againft the Croto* 
niani^ ridineupon white horfes, wichcapa 
on their heads, and lances in their hands s 
and from this they are thus reprefeoted 
in painting ai^ (culpture. 

Homer jrelaces, tka^ c^fior aod PoUstx 


Digitized by VjOOQ l^ 

C A 

W«r« comptnlons with Jafin^ In fetching 
bftck the goIdcD fleece, in which expedi- 
ttOQ chey (hewed their courtge and skill 
In arms \ and that being overtaken by 
« violent lempeft in ihc voyage, tliey 
itw two flamei of fire lighting on the 
iMrads of ta^at and Pollux, which proved 
to be happy omens or i recokens o( their 
f9£ery. And hence came the ancient cuf- 
tom of mariners, thac when meteors or 
the dry e^htUtlQRS oC.the earch, being 
inflamed in rhe atr, '.appeared about their 
Ifaips in a ftorno/they caird them Ci^or 
WdAPqUux when two fi es or lif^hrs ap- 
ppai i and Helena, when but cne : ^ni 
^hen there are two fires appear at Tea 
together, they prognollicare and expeA 
ftiety, and an enfuing calm $ but if hur 
one, ihey prepare tbemfelves for the ex- 
tremiry of a violent ftorm ; fi ppofing 
Helena itt dangerous to failors, as ibe 
was to Trof. 

CASTRA'NGULA [Bor^ny] the herb 
SrowD-worc or Water, be copy. X. 

CA'STKATURB Icafiratura^ I.] acaf- 
crttion or' gelding. 

CA'STRELl [with Falconeri'i a kind 

KA'STRBLj of hawk, which in 
Aape does very much refemble a Lan^ 
wtr I but ts to faze is like rhe Hohly. The 
game proper co it is the Cramfet a fowl 
conunoa.ih the; north ot Em^land, and 

CASTEfi^SI AN Ic^renfis, 1.] belohg 
iqg to a^camp. 

.C A'SV ALUhSS lo{ cafualis, L*2 «<^^- 
dentalt efs. 

CASUrSTICAL, of or percainiog co a 
cafuift, tor, * • 

CAT-MINT [Hettfny] a pbnc which 
cats much del 'g hi to eat* 

CATS- FOOT [Boiany] an herb, other- 
wife called AUboof. 

CAT PEAR, a pear inihape like a hen's 

C A 

fliut up, and therefore the Burgimdieml 

}ffc* bore a cat in their banners to inti* 

^t%* which ripens in O&obeT, 

CATS TAIL iBotM^'] a fort of long, 
tound fubflance, which in winter-time 
grows upon uuc- trees, pine-trees, Jjr. al- 
Kxakindof reed which bears a fpike like 
the r4il of a. cat ; which fome call reed* 

CATS, I^turalifis have made this ob- 
f'rvatitTn, rhat cats fee beft as the fun ap- 
proarhes, and (hat then their eye- fight de- 
cays ae it goes down in the evening. With 
the anc'ent Egyptians^ a cat was the hie* 
roglyphick oi the moon } and on that ac- 
count caca were To hi^.hly honoured a- 
mong them, as to receive rheir ficrilices 
end devotions^ and hai (lately temples 
eroded in^heir honour. 

CAT [in Heraldry] is an emblem of li- 
berty, becaufo it naturally faacei lo be 

mate that they couU not endure fervi- 
cude* It is a bold and daring creature^ 
and alfo cruel to its enemy, and never gives 
over till it has dcllroy'd it if po£ble. 
It is alfo watchful, dexterous, fwlfr, pli- 
able, and has fuch good nerves, that if ft 
Hl!s from a place never fo high it ftiJI 
alights on its feer, and therefore may de- 
note thofe who have fo much toreligh:, 
that wharfoever beta's them they ere Itill 
upon fhcir guard. In coat armour they 
m'jft always be reprefentcd fuU-facM, and 
not flewing one fide of it, but both their 
eyes and both their ears. Argent three 
cais in p^\t fable is the coat oi the fami- 
ly of Heat of Devotifbire. 

CATACAU'STICK [of ««Wand ««g*- 
ri**, GrJ c^ufticks by refledlion. 

CATACAU'STICK Curve [ In tatop- 
tricks] a curve or crooked line, which is 
formed by jo'ninjc the poin:s of coocouriei 
ot feverai reiraSed rays. 

CATA'CLASIS [ot MT^j|\«ric of jees. 
TujLKt^ot, Gr, to break] a frafture i it is 
fometimes ufed tor a diftortion , and 
fomeiimcs for a convuliion of the mufcle^ 
of the eye. 

CATACLEIS [of «««r«* below and«\eic , 
Cr. iht fcapula} the firft rib, fo called 
from its fituacion near the clav'tculM- 

CATAFA'LCO, t decoration ot archi* 
re£^iire, fci}lpture or painting, rais'dona 
fcaffold -of ximber to ibew a co6fin or 
tomb in a^funeral folemnity* 

CATADIO'PTRICAL TeUfcope [^v^hk 
Ajhonomers] is the fame as a refie£tii^ 

CATA'GMA [with Surgeons] the break- 
ing ot bones, or a feptration of continu- 
ity of the hard parts of the body, vrhich 
is performed by means of fome hard inftru* 

CATALE'PSIS [»*TAXii4<c, Gr,^ com* 

CATALEP5IS [with Pbyficians] a dif. 
eafe very much like an apoplexy, by 
means ot which all the animtl fund'oi.s 
are aboliflied ; but yet fo, chat the facuU 
ty of breaching remains, and the patient 
returns to the fame h»bit of body thac 
he had befoie he was fei%*d wiih the diA 
temper. (7r. 

CATAPE'ITA [among iht AnceeiUs] 
an intlrument of piiniftiment. It cou(]^> 
ed in a kind oi prefs compofed ot plaikks, 
between which the criminal was cruOi'd. 
CATA'RRHUS fi4focatariuj , a fuflFbca- 
vn% rheum, feated in the Larpkx and £• 
piglott'u, which it conflrtnged, fo chat ibo 
glandules about the throat are fwe.Ied, 
whereupon a dl£liculry of breaching en^ 


Digitized by VjOOQ t^ 


ftii, M ^er of being ftj flea. ' 

aTASA'RCA f««-nty«/;«*, CfJ] a 
\ki 01 ^ropr^ , the itrae ts Anafarca. 

aTASCHA'SMOS ror«dT«^and ^X'^- 
h(^. lo fcarTfyJ t fcarificttion. 

aTATA'SIS (AKMomy] an ezcenfion 
*( imtinng out ot an animal body to- 
^^ tk- lower pans. 

CITA'STASIS [»aTaew»"ir. GrJ the 
4kI pan of cbe ancient Drama ;* being 
**f*«e"*n rhe incrifue oraftionfer on 
Cliche tMU^ is fapportedf cairled 
•ftyriTead till it be ihe tor the un- 
"swJag in rfae cauftrophr. 

CiTATTEMX f»«T«rai«»,Gr.] ftaie 
•rttyl»:oa, e^cially ot the air. 

CiT^THU'MPTOM "I an humorous 

UTATHU'MPTON | word, us*d by 
"•"if way Of ridicule to fign iy a ftror g 
• •f^T 'rf^umenr, 

CjTATYPtySIS [»*TaTuT*Vif . Cr.] 
'fsvin rhetorick, whCT one thing it 
***7 ^fce example of another. L, 

CttVCONUM [andcnt Arcbiieaure] a 
""■ifei when the chapiter ot a pillar 
*■* 0^ height proportionable to its 


CnCHlJ fin a Clock] thofc pans 
^*o'^ by hooking and catching holJ of. 

.CATECHUMENS iK«T<;t«t""«'>G^O 
^^»ae-nChritlian ciurch were Jevs 
■" (ktaUt, uho were inftri'fted and 
t^'C^ to rsceive the ordinance of bap* 
^Thefc pcifons were inftruAed by 
^^t^crrred bf the church for that 
*^-,ind iiro had a particular place in it 
2j^ t^c rUce of the Cateckwnens. 
*^ tli fe h4d been inftrufie^ fome time, 
*7*tte admi ted to hear fermons, and 
^ »t.5 cil ed Audictttet J and cf.Cr- 
*":i*«e a'bwed to be prcfent, ani 
"t?Tvd in fiiEC parrs of t^C p-ayes, 
p tea were called Orantcs and Gitiw 
A^ceii and there was alfo a fourth 
♦"P; •* Otfff fawifiu, who were fuch 
<: <erel biptiim, and were called Com- 

C\TlCOREMA'TICAL ^Tori fwith 
*P^ »s a word that fignifies fomc 
*5.<itte;f| as a ««i, a fcvyj, an 

CA«fXyfilCAL irjttt^//ii [with lo- 
*^Jiia fyn.)girjii wherein both pro- 
^*»*sti« categorical of poiiiivei as 

t*rn vice i$ odious. 
ihrnkimmrfs is a vice \ 
mJ^^P*^* dnnikemicfs is odious* 
^*TEC0RY • «*TB},«v/a ol «t rajt- 


term in Ugick for order or rank, prt^ 


CATEGORfCS [of *ATvy$fnjUA, Gf.^ 
are r^-ckon d by ligfCians xo* Jsmflanet^ 
fuantiPf, quality, niation^ aOji^^ j/kfif' 
ttigt were, wbenj fitma:ioH, havia£% 

CATENAtlOhl, a chaining/ X. 

CATERPl'LLHR [in a fjfar^rit^^ fcnfej 
an envious perfon that does mifchiet with« 
out proT^catirns 

CVTHARMA Ixd^fnt^ Or.l a {^ 
crifice to the Rods to avert ' pellileticd* 

CATHA'RTICALNBSS ^of eatbarticM$^ 
X. of «fli3-«if a»» Gr, lo purge] puigtDg 

CATHEMERI'NA Fetrh [wittFtg^ 
cians] a qaotidian or ague ihtfc cooirt 
every day. . . 

CATHBRPLUOS, the fame as Cdthar^ 

CATHETOS [ of an lonhk Coital J 
a line falling perpendicularly; and pafli^ 
throngh rhe renter of the Vbluta^ 

CATHETaS ofoHiquation [in CiAop^ 
tricks} a right line drawn perpendicular 
to the fpiculum in the potnc of ini::d«ncC 
or reflexion 

CATHE'TUS [Geom.'] a line of a tri* 
sAgle I hat Ul's perpeodiculir y s the bot- 
tom beiog caJeJ the b^fc, and the oihef 
'eg the hyporhep'ife, X. 

CATHIDRU'SIS [<v «s^// «/», <3r. 
to phce together j the leduilio^ ofi fractf 

CATHO'LICALN ES^ [of catholicut^ 
I. catboihfuey F, or jta^»\/*5r, being of 
a catho iclc foirir, u: iTcrfaincrs. 

CATHY'PKIA \oi KA^uirH»y Gf, tO 
fl-cp found ) a 6^t^ or profound fleep, 
fuch As perfors stc in by taking opiates^ 
or in a Ic'hirgy 

CA'riAS [of aatS^iJ!/*'. Or.] an mftru* 
mom to puJl a (ie;d child out of the 

CATOCHE'j the fame as CataUpfii^ 
which fee, 

CArO'PSIS [z^^i^ic, Gr.;} the fci- 
ence of reflex vilion ; - the part of the 
fctence of Optidst which flie\vs after 
what' manner obje£ls m'ty be fecn by re- 
flection \ and explains the leifon of it. 

CATO'PTER, the fame as Jpeculum^ 
which fee. 

CATO'PTRICAL CiJluiU^ A machine 
or apparatus, whereby tittle bodies are 
reprefented large } ar^d near ones extreme. 
Iy wide and diffused through a vaft fpace, 
and other agreeable phainome.ifl, by meant 
of mirrors dilpofed by the laws ot catop* 
tiicks in the concavity of a kind of 

C A TO'PTRICAL t>ial. One which ex 
htbi:s obieas by re fleeing rays. 


Digitized by VjOOQ L ^ 

C A 

CATOPTHICAL Teiefeope, t telcA 
icope that exntbirs obje^s by refle^on. 

CATORETlCKS, the fame as ca- 

CATOTHfi'RICA [in Tb^kl >n«<I'- 
dnea which ^urge the reiia and li?er 
from TictoDS juices by urine. 

CATr HOOK [in a £bip2 « hook to 
rtife or hoife up th« aacaoi from the 
cop of the fbre-caftle. 

CATTK'RlklwithBoimfisJ the herb 
Ou*mint. I* 

CATTA f of AfltftfR] chin places of 
let4 oo a ndae^ aoo of which make a 
fiua, which is in value 3 fat things Eng- 

CATTBE[of BoHUtm] loo 7-8chs ounces 

CATTBB [of Cki»a] i6 cail, about 
so ounces 3-4chs arerdupois. 

CATTBB [of 7^9tfn] about %x oaoces 

CATTEB [of &4m1 a6 uil, or z aad 
1-ft ounce Litton* 

CATTEB [ of Summatra J %x oaoces 

CATULI'nON, a going a fault, or 
being proud as bitches. 

CATUI.O'TICA [of tULrn\im, Gr. to 
1km over] medicines which cicatrize 

CATZURUS lOldRecordi2 t hunting 

CAVA VENA [in Anatomfl i e» the 
hollow vein, the largeft vein in the bo - 
dy, defcendinf^ from the heart. Ic is fo 
Btraed from its large cavity, and into it, 
as into a common channel, all the lef- 
fer veins, except (he Puimonar'uy empty 

To CAVALCA'DE, to skirmi/h as ihey 
march, and firiqg at one another by way 
of diverfion. 

CAVALCADOIIR [ at the court ol 
titmice} the querry thai is mafter of the 

CAVAnrENBSS7 [ of cavatus, t. ] 

CA'VOUSNBSSj hollowoefs. 

CAU'CALIS [Mcx^cXiff, Gr,2 cheherb 
Baftard-parfley, or Herb parfley. £. 

CAUCON, thelKrb Horle-cail. 

CAUDA LU'CIDA Iwith Jlfitcnomers'i 
the lion s-tai\ a fixed lUr of the ' " 
magnitude. 1. 

CAUDA Tend [In JncwU Deeds'] a 
land's end s the . bottom or outmoft 

ex of a ri4ge or furrow in plow'd 

CA'VEDOC [ of Perfia ] the longeft 
is tn inch longer than the En^ii/h yard, 
(he ftorteft is 3-4chs of the longer. 

in caveros. 

C A 

CAVBRNO'SE [cdwnqfia^ l-Jfollflf 
caverns or holes. 

CAVBRNO'SA corpora [ with xmt.I 
two caver iious bodies of an undetemu* 
nate length and thicknefs, whereof th« 
penis TS pri cipally com K>ied. 

Ijinat.] are 2 nervous or fpoi^y bodiM 
like ttiofe ot the penis i having their ori- 
gin from the lower part ef the 04 ptiii 
on each fide, and united togethery am« 
ftitute the boJy ot the clitorii. 

CAVERNOSUM cerjwi iiretbrdt[MM.'i 
a child ipona'ous body of the Ferns > fo 
called became the Urethra or urinary 
pafiTage of the Penis isfncl^fed therewith. 

CAVER'NOUSSfiSS [ of caveruofiu, 
I.] iulne(s of holes. 

CA'VESSON [ with Eerfemen J is % 
fort of nofe'band, fometimes of iroo« 
Sometimes of ieatt-er or wood, fomeiiinci 
flu, and fometimes hollow or twiftedg 
which is cape upon a horfc's nofe to 
wring ir, to forward the Aippliog and 
breaking of the hoife. 

CA'ViAKYl rcopiero, Ital] a fort of 

CA'VEER J eatable made of cberoel 
of feveral lores of fiOi pickled i but ef- 
pecially o. the fpawn of fturgeons taken 
in the river Voiga in iiMfc(fvy% which 
both in col ^ur and fubftance looks much 
like greet foap 

CA'VERS [ among Miners ] th'cves 
who fteal oa'S out of the m'nes. 

CAVILLA'TION [with .' cbMlmenl a 
faphiftical and falfe argument j a par* 
ticUiar minner of disputing, grounied on 
nothing but quirks and contentious niceties. 

Grf j/tr CA'VITIES <f the Botfy [with 
Anat.\ the bead tor the brain, the 
cheft iox the lungs, ]<]fc. the lower belly 
for the liver, fpleen and other bowels. 

Li0er CA'VITIES of the Body [wuh 
Aiat.\ the ventricles of the heart and 
brains alfo the hollow pans of bones 

CAUFF, a cheft^wtth holes at chO 
cop, to keep fith alive in the water. 

CAULEDON fwith Surgeons'] a tern 
ufed for the breaking of a bone a crofs, 
when the parts of it are fepsraced io, 
that they will not lie firait. 1. 

CAULrCOLI [with Jrchiteas] Itttle 
Ar^cztved fcioUs under the Jtacns ol the 
Cer'mbian capital. 

CAULI'COLESl [ with Archuas J 

CAULl'CULI i are 8 lefler caides or 
ftalks fpringing out of the 4 principal 
caules cr ftilks. 

CAU'LIS [with Botanilis^ the ftajk ol 
a plant ; casdet with a j caiiliimsg 
with ftalks. X. 

CAULO'DfiS [««irM</ir, Or] akiiiA 
ot bfoadleeved cole won* 

Digitized by VnOOglC 

C A 

OBillT f wtrh Thhmhiers) tbe 
m^ CT ftooj oMtter which if (eptraf- 
pft4«tterm ore io the ftaropmg mill, 
^bfvtAiog befoie k if dryed tod 
WB u lie cniiof mill. 
I Ci3SA Marimm pT£iocuti, a vric 
^ t vooiaii gives lands to a mtn 
■ t»^k, lo the intent he fliould 
■ryberi tad be refiiies fo to do In 
I c^obie rime* the wonun requtrins 
*iit»t3 do. I. -I o 

CACSI [uaifa, I.l cmfe is chn which 
!Nni ta eae&, or that by which a 
^ii. Ctofes are divided into four 

Kbnr CAUSE. {9 that which pre- 
^ttixkr catifes alfo an external 
J« ha which any thing derives its 
K!a| or deaee by a real a^ioD. There 
Ht fefffi' of chefe foecies. 
. idte CAUSE, fo is a grandfather 
• nifta ro bis grandfon. 
^tfKtKsi CAUSE, is that which 
■i^t^itreBt kind and denom: nation 
»*.uiM; u God, wiih rcfpea 
Bbi aearnje,, 

•* h^rmmul CAUSE, the inflru- 
■•^k which a piece of work 

a vti, 

MwulkdMol CAUSE, a man with 
«%* » what he does with judg- 

i>r CAOSE, fiich It a man who 
dmmd CAUSE, the fun. 
dUQ^ CAUSE, the fire that burns 

^fRfrr CAUSE, as the fun oi light ; 
»» [fit fin gifina Light to a cham- 
2^ iW window is but the conditional 
■*,»ickoot which the effcft would 
^fcm been} amduiojUu qua tmu 
I JlrffcMCAUSE, i$ that which pro- 

t'*<^itebUe corporeal efTed } as tbe 
» tbe catde ot heat 5 alfo a fire which 

.ttr awa^ CAUSE, the man who fers 
••«} alfo that which produces a 
^^'fcft t tet in things immaterial, as 
*f**e is the caufe of forgiveneis* 
^ nd CAUSE, is that which produ- 
?|*^« effei, as God in creat- 
Jl^^btuufe nxhinx concurred with 
■■Bt ^ 

Jj^ CAUS^, is that which con- 
5. ^ ibme ocher in producii^ the 
r^ cfcebther and mother of a child, 
■•*toth the one and the other were 
^^^ concerned in the generation 

CAUSE, u the fun. that 
Pj ?*" ^ M ktut btcauie he was 

C A 

TfOduaivt CAUSE, IS the mother of 
her child. 

A preferving CAUSE, as the nur/e of 
her child. 

An tmherfai CAUSE, h that which 
by the extent of its power may produ^'e 
all effieds, as a father in refped to his 
children, becaufe they are like him in 

Unkvtrfal CAUSE, the air that enters 
an organ, is fo of tike harmony ot that 

A particuiar CAUSE, Is that which 
can only produce a fingle tStSt; or a 
certain kind o^ effe£^s, 

Tbe particular CAUSE of tbe barmo- 
iy of an organ^ is the difpoiiciou of each 
pipe, and he who plays. 

Thele are all diAinfiions that Tome !(>• 
gickans make of rhe eAciem caufe. 

Tbe f/nal CAUSE [ among Logicians'] 
h tbe end for which a thing is, or the 
motive which induced a man to aft. 
This again is diftinguiflied into principal 
eodsand acceiToryenJs which arecoufidcr- 
ed, only as over and above. 

CAUSE [in Metapby^ks] is an aaivd 
principle influe 'icing the thing caufisd. 

Jnttmal CAUSE, is that which par^ 
takes of the effence of the thing caufed^ 
viz. Matur and farm. 

External CAUSE, is that which has 
an outward influence, vil. Bfficunt and 

Tbe material C AUSB [among Logicians] 
is that out of which things are formed s 
as Giver is the matter of a dl^tx cup. 

Tbe formal CAUSE [with Logicians^ 
is that which makes a thing what ic 
is, and diftinguiAes it from others s at 
a ftool, a table, Iffc, 

Firft CAUSE, that which afis by irs- 
feU and from its own proper force and 
virtue i as God is the firft caufe. 

Second CAUSES, are fuch . as derlvd 
the power or faculty of afting from « 
firft caufe. 

CAUSO'DES [juitf^/ar, 6r. ] a conti^ 
nual burning fever. 

CAU'STICA [»«vri«*'of jutf«, Or. to 
bumj caufticks or burning medicines. 

CAUSTICK Stone [with Surgemu] t 
compofition oi feveral ingredients fo^ 
burning or eating holes in the part to 
which it is applied. 

CAUSTICK Curve [in the higher G^^ 
metry 3 a curve formed by the concourfe 
or co-incidettce of the rays of light re-> 
fleded or refraaed from ibme other 
curve. ^ » 

CAU'^STICKNESS[ofCiiK^aii,X. Cmn 
fiiquey R of JULurt^tQ^ of jMisi^ Gr. i^ 
burn] cauftick fi«li7« 

T fiHfH 

Digitized by VnOOglC 


Silver CAUtERY [fo cftlM, boctufc 
made of filvejL diiTolvea in three times 
the weight onpifit of nitre, and prepared 
according to an] this is accounted the 
beft fore of cautcjy, and will continue for 
ever, if it be not expofcd lothe air, and 
is o:hcrwife ciUad the infernal done. 

CAU'TIOUSNESS fof cautio^ i.] wa- 
rinefs, circumrpcAnefs. 

CEA'SELESS, without ccafing. Miltm. 
€E'CA [in Corduba in AjxiinJ a reli- 
gious houfe, Irom whence the Spatuards 
have framed this proverb to go from Ccca 
to Meca, i. e» to lum Tiirk or Mahometan. 
CE'CROPS, who reigned in Athens^ 
and had himfelf the honour to be called Ju- 
piter, was the firft mortal that acknow- 
ledged Jupiter by the name of Supreme^ and 
taught his fubjeas that no fort of cruelty 
ought to approach the divine altars, and 
that nothing that had life ought to be facri- 
ficed j but rather cakes of their country 
corn, fince that clcmccy and beneficence 
bed agreed with the divine nature. 

CB'DMATA [*<«r/*aTA, Gi*.] humours 
that fall into the joints, cfpccially about 
the hips. 1. 

CE'DRATED [cedratus^ 1..] anointed 
with juice or oil oi ce.iar-trees. 

CEDRELA'TE [jti/piXfl^tn, GrJ] the 
lareefort of cedar, which grows as big ss 
a fir-tree, and yields rofin or pitch as that 

CE'DRIA [xt^eJla^ Gr.J the rofin or 
pitch ih4t runs out of the great cedar* 

CBDRl'NE Icidr'mus, i.] of or be- 
longing; to the cedar-iree. 

CE'ORlUM, the oil or liquor that if- 
Aies out of the cedir-iree, with which 
the ancients ufcd to anoint books and 
other things to preserve them from moths, 
worms and rottennefs ', the Egyptians y^cd 
it for the embiTming of dead bodies. 

CE'DROSTIS 1 jcfiTe^s-if, Gr.J the 
white vine which grows in hedges, bri- 
ony. L- 
CE'DRUS, the cedar-tree. 1. 
CE'DOOUS [ c^uus^ I. ] as ceduous 
trees, fuch as u?cd to be cut or lopped. 

CEI'LING l^wiih Arc hitcds] tie upper 
part or roof o» a lower room j or a lay 
or covering of plaifter over laths, nailed 
on the bottom of the joifts that bear the 
floor nf an upper room, Iffc. 

CE'tANDINB [chelidonra, L. X*^''^^' 
ri* of x*^iSofiS, Gr. fw allows] the herb 
ocheiwife called Swallow-wort on ac- 
count of a tradition ^that fwallows make 
nfe of It as a medicine for the eye-fight. 
CBLE' [xnAif, Gr.] a tumour or fwel- 
Mng in any part of the body, cfpcdtlly in 
(ho groin. 


CE'LEBRATBNESS > celekrit/, 


CELE'RRIMI defcenfus linea £ 
Mathematicians] is the curve of the fi 
eft defcent of any natural body } oc 
curved or crooked line, in whicii an 
vy body, defcendiog by iu own gn 
or weight, would move from one^ 
point to another. In the fliorteffcipa 

CELE'STI ALNESS ^of ccekftu, 

CE'LIAC Pajgion [of %tn>J*, Cr, 
belly] a kind of Bux ok the belly, wi 
in the food does not indeed pais peri 
crude, but half digefted. 
CE'LIBATENESSl [ of ctttihams 
CE'LIBATESHlPf ceUbat^ F.] ba 

CELrCOLI [t. e. Heaoetiwoxfbs^ 

cerrain vagiboods condemned in tiM 

fcrtpts of the emperor HanariuM am 

heathers and faereticks, A^D, 408. 

CELLA [fome derive it o* ^73 

aprifon, or where any thing is flm 

a cell, a privy chamber, a partition 

moniiitery, where a monk lieSy )^c. 

CELLS Icella, L.] the little dif 

or appartmenis in hooey-combs » ^ 

the young bees, Iffc are diftriboted 

CE'LLULJE adipof4. ljtuttmj'\ 

locidi or little cells wherein the fat 

dies that are in good habit is contain 

CELOTOMrA [®f «ir\ii a niptur« 

To^N, Gr, a cutting] the operatl 

the Hernia. 

CL'LSA [a barbarous term ofF^i 
ftu] a fmall colle6lion of vagrant i 
that endeavour to make their exit by 
continual morion at any part of the 1 
CE'MENTJRff^tf/, a particular m 
of purifying gold, by layii g over ir 
of hard pafte, made of a compofitioo c 
part of Sal Armottiaciy and two of 
mon felt, and four of potters ean 
brick-duft, the whole bei^g mail 
well with urine. 

CEMKNT linCbymicall^^raers] 
preiled by this charade r 2.. 

CBNCHRI'TIS r*t>;t/i«c, GrJ i 
cious ftone, all fpecUed as tt were 

CB'NCHROS fwVx^- <'»'0 ^^ 
Hirfe, a fmall grain. 

CE'NCHRIUS [ of K-yXfO-^ Gi 
fpecies of Herpes. 
CENO'BlTfi. SecCoiacifite. 
CE'NOTAPH [«mT*>*o», Gr* 
empty tomb» fee up in honour <4 
deadi efpectally whea the body U 
ed ia another counixy. 

Digitized by LjOOQ IC 


LcbIDUOOSNESS loianfirUu^ 1.] 

M :o ccfiiare. 

l^iSnLABLENfiSS, lublenefs co be 

UL Book, a re^Lfter of tax- 

fSKTiDK [with4^rtii.] a fcutheru 
^Jdoa reprefeotcd on a globe in that 
._H9i coBfi&Bg of 40 ftarj. 
CCkTAOKS [ «i»T«? Ti? Adept?, be- 
Lft&aikegoc themonadoods or, is 
Cii^, of siTTtTy CO prick or pu(h, and 
te^ u oz] mooftert, half men and 
y*«fet, wbicb, ftccordiog 10 the poets, 
IpetteiaAsol I^em ox che nighc. 
[fc i£nn, thai be <aw one of theic 
liSnadMlai^d %t Romcf wdPkiiarcb 
ma^bas in ha feaft of the 7 fages ; 
%tLhiat^Mt U of opinion the (able was 
hMT^ndns, ihac when irioBreign- 
^■flMi a berd of bulls od mount Pe- 
fc^TSl. and rendered all the reft of 
iiwnvik iuftcceffible; the bolls sUo 
!■■■ £ovn on the culiivated lands, 
isok Amche trees and fmir, and were 
mfhfnimn to the labouring beafts 
Mvuch, Ld<m iffued out a proclama- 
i^ite be vooid giTe a great reward 
ROT lae that Iboold rid the place of 
MWit. Uponwblch, certain young 
Ipa III nil 1(1 at the foot of the mountain 
'laibbfe c^ltdNepbeU, contrived co 
■bbsfa. Far before tbac time riding 
itefb was unknown, and they were 1 
afed in chariots, Aye. Thefe young 
■Bviiflg the borfcs* rode up to- 
J the bobs, and making an incurfion 
9M saddle of the berd, wounded them 
Mns, and when ibe bulls ran at them 
f Jad ttom tbem, for the boifeswera 
fv3t for the bulls. And when the bulls 
ea %a^ tbey turn'd back and attacked 
-ia|a»,aDd 1^ this means killed them ; 
itiBGe they were called centaurs, he- 
's they attacked the buUs with Iharp- 
dicftnimeots. Upon this, thefe ceo 
—- bafing received their money of 
Tiafcf the exploit they had done, and fo 
; bniB| wealthy, they grew arrogant, 
•Afiodcoatumelious, and committed 

, ToRiNA'RlOUS icentenarius^ 

C E 

CB'NTIPEDB Icentipes, L.J a worm, 
)ffC* having 100 or many feet. 

CFNTNAR [atltt^ctj.ts SUrpounds, 
and a lifpound is iS pound. 

CE'NTO, a patch'd garment made up 
of divera ihreds. X. 

CENTO, a poem composed of fevcral 
pieces pick'd up and down out of the works 
of other per Tons. 

CESrOSk'LlSlwnhBotanifts'i wild- 
rue. L. _ 
CENTONA'RII famong the Romans^ 
were officers, whole bufinefs it was to 
provide tents and other warlike furniture, 
called Centoueti or elfe officers whofc bu- 
fineis it was to quench the fires that the 
enemies engines bad kindled in tbc camp. 

CE'NTRAL fire [with Cbymijis] that 
fire which they imagii e to be in the cen- 
ter of the earth, the fumes and vapours of 
which make the metals and minerals, and 
ripens and brines them to pcrfcSion. 

CENTRE of a Sphere^ is a point from 
which all the lines drawn to the furface 
are equal. 

CENTRE of a Dial, is that point where 
the axis of the world intexle^s the p'.ane 
of the dial 5 and fo in thofe dials that have 
centers, it is ihat point, wherein all the 
•hour lines meet. If the dial plane be pa- 
rallclto the axis of ihc earth, it will have 
no center at all ,• but all the hour lines 
will be parallel to the ftilc, and to one 
another. . . 

I CENTRE of a Conick ScSion^ is the 
point where all the diamerers concur. ^ 

CENTRE of an Hyperbola, is a point 
in the middle of the Tranfverfe Axts, 
which is without the figure, and common 
to the oppofite fe£kion. 

CENTRE common of the gravity of tvro 
Bodies [Geometry^ is a point lu a ri|^hc 
line which joins their centres together, 
and fo placed in that line, that their di- 
ft^nces from it fliall be reciprocally a4 the 
weight of thofe bodies is. And if anoibcr 
body ftall befet in the fame right line, ib 
that its dilUnre from any point in it be 
reciprocally as the weighr of bDih the for- 
mer bodies taken together, that point 
will be (he common centre of gravity of 


UMto 100 years. 
^ CmENARY Icentenariust !•] of or 
' ftf!iaHi|io an hundred. 
, CESTKI'PITOUS [cetuiceps olcmium 

OMThlDOUS [centifidus, jL] divi- 
liiKeiooparrs or ways. 
COmFO^LlOVS lcemifolius,L.2 ^*' 
f producing 100 leaves. 
■^TlNODt leentiaodiat JL 1. £> 
ksottj aobezb. 

all three, ^c ^ 

CENTRE ofOfcitlaiion, the centre ot 
the fwing ot a pendulum j fo that if the 
pin of the pcndu'um, fattened above, be 
taken for the center of chc cifcle, whole 
ciicumicrence divides tie ball or bob into 
two equal parts, the middle point of the 
arch, fo dividing the ball, is the Centre of 

CENTRE of tf raralldogram, the point 
wherein lis diagonals inicrlea. ^ ^ 
CENTRE of a Bajlion, a pome in the 
X % midaie 

Digitized by VjOOQ IC 


puddle of the gorge ofthebtftioD, whence 
the c-pua! line commences* 

CE'NTRE of A Batalihn^ the middle 
of a bacallion, where there is ufually a 
fquare fi>ace lefr. 

CENTRE of AttraSltm [U the hlew 
4flronoffiji] ih:ii point co which the levoU 
ving planet or comet is actraded or irrm 
pelled by the force or impetus of gravity, 
CENTRE of FerCHffion [wich Pbih/b- 
fberj]^ is that point ot a body in morion, 
wherein all the forces of that bddy are con- 
fidered ns united in one. 

CENTRE of a Curve of the bigkefi 
Xindt is the point where two diameters 

To CENTRE, to meet as it were in a 
CENTRE.FISH, akind of fea-fifh. 
CENTRlt-U'OAL Farce [with Matbe- 
maticidns] h ih^ endeavour of any thing to 
fly oflf from the center in a tangent. For 
all moving bodies endeavour after a re£ii- 
linear motion, becauie that is the cafieft, 
ihorteft, and moft fimplc. And if ever 
ihcy move in any curve, there muft be 
fomething that draws them from their 
refii linear motion, and detains them in 
the orbit, whenever the centripetal f^rce 
ccafes, the moving body would ftrait go 
off in a tanRcnt to the curve in that vtry 
point, and to would get ftill farther from 
the center or focus of the motion. 

CENTRIPETAL Force [with PbiJhfo^ 
fbers'] is that foice by which any body, 
Rioving round another, is drawn down or 
tends towards the center of its orbit; and 
is much the fame with gravity. 

CBNTRQBA'RIC Metbod [In Mecha- 
mcis] a certain method of determining 
the quantity of afur&ce or folid by means 
of the center of gravity of it, 

CENTROPHAGl'A [with Botani/isl 
penny-royal, i.. 

^CENTRQ'SE Icentfofus, i.] full of 
Jraots and knurs. 

CE'NTRUM, a center. X. 
CE'NTRUM [vfuhBotanifitl the herb 
Clary. £. 

CENTRUM Fbanlcum [in Acoufiicisl is 
the place where the fpeaker ftands in po 
lyfyllabicil echoes. 

CE'NTRUM rlponicam^kwn, h the 
place or objcft that returns the voice in an 

CENTRUM tendimfum [ with jlnato- 
*W-f] « Po»nc or center, wherein the tails 
of the miifcles of the diaphragm meet i 
th's center is perforated towards the right 
$de for the Vena cava, and towards the 
left backwards the flcfty part of iz gives 
way to ihe^wjir. Between it and its two 
i^CflQjrproceff«$,thc defending tnmk of 


the great artery, thoracick dvL& anJ ' 
Axygos do pafs. 

nuSf L.2 an hundred-fold. 

CENTU'MVIRAL, of or pertainin 
the cenru«r.vjrate. 

CENTUNCULA'RIS7 [with Botan. 

wee J, Chaff-weed, Periwinkle or Con 
weed. X. 

To CENTU'PLICATB leenn^lica 
of centum and piico, JL to loldj lo bU 
double an hundrcd-f^ld. 

CBNTU'RIJE [among the XoiM p 
Plcj certain parties confifting each of 
men. Thus divided by Servlus TuUius 
Oxth kins of Rome, who divided thep 
Piemto fix claffes.- TheHrft clafs had 
centuries, and they were the richcfl 
all ; the fecond, third and fourth confil 
each of zq centuries, and the fixth c 
was counted but one centi'ry, and co 
prehended all the meaner fore of people 

CE'PE f C^*^^ BQtanifis] an onion, j 

K ^Fl?'^ [«»«•*«, Gr.2 fea-purilain 
orook-lime. I. j r 

CEPHALA'IOICA [«^-e\aXviittf ,G 
medirtncs good for the head-ach. 

CE'PHALALGY liepbalalgia, ofjri, 
\aXyU, of ai^A^ the head and Al>( 
pam, Gr.^ any pain ih the headi butfoi 
appropriate it chiefly to a frefli head-ac 
one that proceeds from intemperance or 
ill difpofition of the parts. 

CEPHA'LICA [with Jnatomlfij] t 
cephahck vem, is the outermoft vein ili 
creeps along the arm, between the sk 
and mufcles, it h called the CepbaH 
Vein from «i^Xv, Gr. a head, becaufe tl 
ancients ufcd to open it rather than any i 
ther for difeafes in the head } but fincetl 
difcovery of the circulation of the bloo 
It is accounted equal, whether the bloo 
be taken from the Cepbailca. XMim 
or Bi^iica^ L. 

CE^HAUCKS, medicines good ford 
ftempers in the head. 

CE'PHALOMANCY [ cepbalomantk 

head, and/«tirTW« divination] a divinatic 
by the head of an afs, which they broifc 
on the coals, and after having muttcrc 

I a few prayers, they repeated the perfou 
names or the crime. In cafe only one wa 
fufpeded, at which if the jaws made an' 
motion, and the teerh chattered againi 
one another, they thouaht theperfontha 
had done the ill deed fuffitsiently difcoveied 
CB'PHALON [with Botanifiil xh 
Date- tree. 1. 

CEPIO'NIDES, certain precionsftoflft 
as clear as cryftaJ, in which t pcifojiinaj 
»cc his face, CE« 

y Google 



GfTES t pfttdoos ftone of the t- • OBRCBIE' [in Heraldry] 
M knd. I a» 1 Crofs drceU^ is a croft 

CHACHA'TES [^e^X'^'^^t Or-"] •» I ^^ch opening ac the end 
^^ ot a wax colour. | cnms round bocb ways, like 

ttlAMTTES [M^tfiiTac, Gt,'] a pre- 
(PB ftoae the colour ol a die. 

CEIAIUM £ n^Vi«?» Gtm j a cher- 

CUASDS [it9w^9 Gr.3 & cherrj- 

CEUTACHAlTES [of ai^tf an hora, 
iri^jhtrir to afate» Gr. ] a fore of 
tte-ifloc, the veioa ot which refem- 
iiiik jhape of an hom« 

CEUTEO [ctTdtus^ L.] co?ered with 

aUTl'NE[cfrtfri«ii,X. of mk^ts, Gr, 
1 has] horsed, cornoied ; alio lophii- 

CBUniTfiS [ with Baumifts ] the 

kxj poppy. 

CEUTOia>ES ttmka [with 
qli] tk lioniy coac of the ey«, 

CUATlUM [with Botamfls] the tree 
Gb4 or r«raft, or the fruit of it. L. 

CEtATONl'A [with Botanifis] the 
o^ tree, or bean tree. h. 

CEUirUM [with Surgeons] a cerate 

Cl'SATURE [c»»rartf, 1. ] a dref- 

CIIAD'NIAS [sf^fiw, Gr.] a kind 

CBtAU'MlUM, [jM^c^Mr, Gr.] a kind 
«Mor BiafiirooiBy fo called becanfe 

^^BEROS. The poets ceil ns that 

Mnai was a dog that bad three heads. 

^^ of Tfphom and Echidna. 

Jncr lUb teU us» chat Heradet drag. 

9^ikii4ogoatofhell. Gnrfon had great 

%inkeqp his cattle, oikeat which was 

g^ ij Ike other Ontf in the city of 

*y»i [i.f« three heads] before he 

^rn j the oxen. One Mtolopkty a 

9*!» > voold have begg'd this of 

Bfy> ^ he refofiog CO let Mm 

■■Jai, be prevails upon the herdf- 

P^JS *if ftot up the dog in a cave 

Sjy ."*»' Ttai«r«if and put to 

"^ bitches in order for a breed. 

JP^fendiHpfCMlfi to find out this 

9'*' ke having wandered over all 

Sy^yat laft found out the cave 

^^ ih(^ ^f^ 1^2^^ gQ({ going down 

>^cave brought out the dog ; and 

''"7 gave it out, chac Berctdes 

-J iKo hell through the cave, 

TMhc Che dog from ibtnce. fa* 

^.•*B II 

a ram'a horn, as in the fi- 
gure annexed. 

CE^KCHNOS [with fbjfkians] a rougb- 
neis in che throat, when it feels aa if 
there were berries flicking in it, ani 
occafions a tittle dry cough. Z. 

CE'RCLET [ in Heraldry ] fignifiet 
within a aide ot diadem, or ha^ng % 

CEREA [of xiftMty Gr. a horn re- 
fembling e tail] a fort of itching fcab^ 
the fanae as Acbot ; alfo the horns of the 
womb in brutes, io which the ftHiiy 
or young, is ufually formed. 

Cfi'RBAL Icerealh, 1.] perrtiningto 
Cerety or bread corn i to fuflenance, or 

CERBA'LIA, folemn feafts to Crref. 
In the feftival of Ceres, herworthipperi 
ran up and down with lighted torchea 
in their hands, becaufe that fte is relat- 
ed to have ran about the world in thta 
BMnner to feek for her daughter Tro^ 

The inhabitants of Elet^s in Gr^rer ap- 
pointed this ceremony, which was to be 
a&ed only by women, who in the tem- 
ple of Ceres tSktd a thoufand fliameful 
pranks, and becaufe Ceres did not reveal 
her fecreis, nor dtfcover her defign, until 
the heard of the welfare of her daugh- 
ter, it was not lawfu* to declare what 
was afted io her temple during the fef- 
cival . 

CEOIEBRATED Icerehatus, 1,] hav- 
ing bis brains bcae out. 

CEREBRO'SE [terelrofusy L] brain- 
iick, mad-braine^i, w"ltul, ftobborn. 
CEREBRO'SITY, brain-ficknefs. 
CERBFOaiUM f with Botanifis ] the 
herb chervil. Z. 

CEREMCyMI ALNESS [of eeremaua^ 
lis, h, ceremoniely F.] the being cerC; 

CERBMO'NIOUSNESS [of eeremoni- 
euxy R ] fulaefs or foodnefa of cere- 

CERES, according to the poets, was 
che daughter of Saturn and OpSj, whofe 
daughter Pluh having ilolen, Ae, defir* 
ous to find her, lighted torches at JMoimt 
Mma, refolving to feek her night and 
day throughout all the earth. 

Ovid ftys, that Ceres was the firft 
that tilled the ground, and furnKb- 
ed mankind with corn for food, and bp 
iawa taught them juftice, and the man- 
ner of living in fociety. which before thep 
were ftrtngers to. 


Digitized by VjOOQ I ^ 


€ifet tnd Vefla^ They feem to be no o* 
cher tlien the earth itfeh s for the Ancients 
cell her'Erlitv, i.e. V^ay /la ro tr«>««, 
ue, beeaufe it fUnds ; or beceufe the uni- 
rerfal world' leant and bears upon ICy as on 
a certain foundation. 

And in as much as flie ii faid to produce 
com, (he very properly bears a garland, 
heavy with the ears of corn. 

Tnptolemus, of Elmfauit is ftoried to 
have {own bread-corn all over the orb of 
the earthy at the time he was carried in 
Ciret'% chariot, which was drawn by fly- 
ing dragons : for (his man was the firft of 
the ancients tbac tooka furvey of all ihings; 
and God having endowed him with a 
large ihare of knowledge, he came at laft 
CO under ftand how barley was to be ma- 
naged, how feparated irom the chafF and 
CO be beaten or ground. 

Elei^s was a place where the ufe of 
barley wfts firft found out,* and Ceres ta- 
king her'trame from the place, was called 

Pltito is faid to have ftolen away pro- 
firpinOf the daughter of Ceres. The ioun> 
dacion of this fidion is, that the ite6s 
of bread-corn are for fome time hid in 
che earth« In ihe fpring time chey facri- 
fioe to her a turf and the ^rais, with 
much mirth and rejoyang, Teetng all things 
to grow green, and to afford great hopes 
of iartility. Hence Pluto, i. e, riches, is 
fuppofed to be Ton of Ceres. 

And they very properly offer to Ceres 
lows with pig> onaccoQnt of (he feriiliry 
of the earth, che eaiy conception and per- 
. ic6k maturity. 

CE'RINTHH lunz/tf^h o(*»^'e,Gr> 
waxj an honey-fuckle thai has the tade 
of honey and wax. L. 

CfiRNU'LIA, a feftival of Bacchus, in 
which they danced on one foot upo.i 
blown bladders, that by falling down 
chey might caufe laughter. X 

CERO'GRAPHY [cero^rapbia, I or 
>ae.^e^i<&> Gr.J a painiuig cr writing 
in wax. 

CB'ROMANCY Iceronumtta, I. of aa 
^^friix, of kHp^ and fjtAfrua., Gr. di- 
vinaiion] divination by wax. The manner 
wasthus: they melted wax over a vefTel 
of water, letting it drop within three 
definite fpaces, and obfenred the figure, 
fituacion, diftance and concretion or the 

CEROMA'TICK [ceromaticus, X.] a- 
oointed with Ceroma. 

CBRCySTROTUM l»ii^ffmTCf,Gr.'J a 
kind of inlaying, when any pieces ot 
horn, ivory, timber) ]^c. of divers co- 
lours, are inlaid ia cabinets, cheis-boards, 


CEROTaM [with.S«r;Mii] a plaifti 
made moftly with wax, tf" cerecloth. J 
CE'RTAlNNESS£c^^tMdo,l.J folia 
furance, furenefs. 

CERTA'TION, debate, firiving, coi 
tention. JL, 

CE'RTITQDE [cettitudo, 1.] is pr< 
perly a quality oi the judgmeoc of ct 
mind, importing an adheaon of the mii 
to the propofition we affirm i or tt 
firenpth wherewith we adhere to ic. 

CERTITUDE i/ktaph^al^ Is chi 
which arifes irom a meiaphyfical evj 
deuce ; fiich an one as a geometrician fat 
of che truth of this propofition, chac tli 
3 angles of a triangle are equal co cw 
right ones. 

CE'RTITUDB M^al, is fuch a ccrti 
tude as is founded on moral evidence, fac 
as that a criminal has, who hears hi 
fentence read. 

CEKTITUDE Pbyfical, is that whic 
arifes from phyfical evidence, fuch as 
perfon chat has fire in his band, when h 
feels it burn, or (tti ic blaze. 

CERVICA'RIA [with BoUtmfis'] ih 
herb Throat wort* £. 

CE'RVICAL, belouRingto the neck. 

CE'KVIX lAnatony} the binder parte 
the neck. 

CESSA'TION [of i*rmr] is when a go 
vernour of a ptece befieged, finding hfm 
fclf reduced to the laft extremity. To thi 
he muft either furrender, or hinuelf, gar 
lifon, and inhabitants would be facriM'^ 
or at leaft lie at the mercy of the ene 
my, ereds a white flag on the breach, o 
beats a Cbamade for a capiiidation, t 
which both parties ceafe firing, and a. 
other a6^s of hoflility ceJe, till the pro 
pofals made are heard, and either agree 
to or TCjsded. 

CE'SSION [in the Ch'U Ltof'} avo 
luntary and legal furrender of his ef 
ic&s to his credicois, to avoid an impri 

CE'SSMENT, an afleflTment, a tax. 

CE'SSIONARY Bankrupt [lim term 
one who has yielded up hisetbuetob 
divided anionf^ his creditors. ■ 

CE'STRON [aiVe^f, Gr.] the herb Be 
tony. L. 

CE'STUS [»:r^, Gr.1 a manliffi 
girdle, that of old times the bride im 
to wear, and the bridegroom unloofed e 
the weddiog-oight i alfo a leathern gaum 
let garniihed with lead* ufed by comba 
tants, or in the exercifes of the AtbUUt 
aifo the girdle of Veniu and 'Jimo, ac 
cording to the poets. 

CE'TUS [Aftrommy^ a fouthern conftd 
lacioD,. confifiing oi %^ ftars« 

CEYA'DOi 9r Cobif [of Mm] tk 

Digitized by VjOOQ IC 



Ivor Ibr.flk tnd linnen %7 inches fii^- 1 becao& the Cbaiazs (for there are two of 

CETADOI^ [ai Agra DHli'\ con- 
BH^ inches. 
OTADO Uger [tt OBlito'4 35 in- 

OTADO Ii0^ C«t &r<irO 35 in- 

CH bite a ptnicular found in Englijh 
wih, tstficfry Mirc^, rkir, roch^ tench^ 
pi, ^tth^ Dmcb, change, charge, &c. 

CH, in ibnt worcss of a Grf^i^ deriTa- 
rcfisfoooded as hefore, as arMi/bof, 
tiuSmt, ^. Id feme others it is 
haMUkeK, ts ^rvi^tftfel, ^c. 

CH, ia vords ol a UeSrem deritracion, 
is soft commonly founded as K» Cbsm, 
MtkJf,t6dmit Hebycbadnexzar ; but in 
faw ti ^'s lbnr.ded as in Engli/h, as Chit- 

CHACi, the gucrer of a crofs-bow. 

ii«ad CHACE iSea term] a (hip is 
ttntefe a food chace, when fbe It 
koltib forward on or a ftem, as co car- 
17 May loos, to Aoot right forward or 

Ac ia CHACE iSed term] to lie with 
liif'siorefoot in the chace, is to fail 
tk aeareft courfe to meet her» and to 
c« kr 10 her way. 

ToCHACK [with HorfimenJ a term 
ifa of a horfe that beats upon the hand, 
•ka faU head is not iUady; but he 
n&t ^ his nofe, and H.akcs it all of 
s iiddeo, 10 aToid the fubjefiion of the 

CHACXSHIRESl [among the mrii] 

^CKSHIRES I a kind of biee- 
<te CMt reach Irom the waift down to 
Ike beds. 

t^ herb Cherril or Sweet -cicely. 
, To CHAFE [among Mariners'} a rope 
J*tui to chafe, when it galls or frets 
^r^a| againft any rough or hard 
2^! asthr c^ie is chafed, in the bamfi, 
■pifirs it u fretted, or begins to wear 
Mc ttere. 

CHA'FEK, aninfea, a kind o( beetle. 

CHAFF.WEED, a (on of herb. 
^At F£RS [Old ItfpJ wares or mer- 

^GRI'N, commonly called iba2. 
f**! a fott of grained leather chiefly 
^^ tot the covers ot pocket-books, iet- 

CHAINS [in a rigmatl^e fenfe] fignify 
•**, bondage or Qavery. 

CHALAZA [xi<^«f«. Or. htilj the 
P^ of an egg, which are fomething 
^"^ bodies more concrete than the 
*we, knotty ; hare fome fort of light, 
*^ wteace chej uke cheii name } 

1 [of xM*» ^'••^ • 

4 1 Jutle fwelUng m tbe 

them) confift as it were of io manv hail* 
ftones, feparated from one another by 
chat white. Every eg| (as has been faid) 
has two of them, eoe m the acute, and 
the other in the obtufe end ; one of them 
IS bigger than the other, and further 
from the yolk ; the other is lefs and ex* 
tends itfelf from the yolk towards^ the a- 
cute end of the egg i the greater is com-^ 
poied of a or 3 knots, like fo many hail*- 
ftones, which are moderately diftant from 
each other, the lefs in order to fucceed 
the greater. 


eye lids lik« a hail-ftone. 

hail and fuK'tia^a^^ to preferve. Gr.J cer* 
tain priefts among the Grecians, who 
pretended to divert hail and tempefts^ 
by facriiictng a lamb or a chicken » or if 
chey had not thcfe, by cutting their fin- 
per, and appeafioq^ the toger of the gods 
by (heir blood. 

CHALCEDO'NICUS, a, um [A0/4»y} 
from or of Conftantmople. 

CHA^CANTHUM [x«^X»«>3©'» of 

2x\xit copper or vitriol, and ^h^^ the 
ower] virriol or copperas. 
/ CHALCl'DICK 1 [of >:«Xko« brafs 

CHALCroiCUS I and/iitujuftice] 
a magnificent hall belonging to a tribunal 
or court of juftice. 
CHALCl'DlCKrwith ancient ArchiteBsJ 
a large ftately hall belonging co a court <£ 

CHALCl'TES [x«XxfTi»f,Gr.] a preci- 
ous ftone of the colour of brafs. 

CHALCITIS r;^*x«l'rjf, Gr.'} brafs, 
or the ftone out e) which bralsia triads 
alfo red vitriol. 

CHALCO'GRAPHER [y*X«i>otf^» 
of ;(^fltXjcor brafs and y^fti*e an engraver] 
an engraver in brafs. 

CHALCOLl'BANUM [X«X«o\iC«r»r, 
Gr."} a fort of fine brafs. Z. 

CHALEPB'NilS, e [BotanyJ growihg 
about jiieppo 

CHALCO'PHONUS [X«X*if »r®-,Gr.] 
a black ftone that founds like brafs. 

epc>/^, Gr, 1 the baftard emerald. 

CHA'DRON. See Chaldron. 

Trincipal CHALLENGE 1 is what is 

Peremptory CHALLENGE! allowed 
by law, without caufe aliedgei or further 
examination, and the priioner may ex- 
cept againft ai, and in cafes of high trea- 
fon 35. 

CHALLENGE uponreafan^ is when the 
prifoner does al ledge fome reifon for his 
exception, and fuch as ti fufidenty i» it be 
true. CUAL- 

Digitized by VjOOQ IC 


toALCBDO'NIUS [with JtweUtrs] t 
ici^Qt in fome precious ftones, when chey 
ind white fpotsor ftains in ihemlike thole 
of the Cbalcedottf, 

CHALY'BEATE [of cbaiybs, 1. fteel] 
of or perttiiitng to fteel, or chtt is of 
(he temper or quality oi lieel. 

CHALY'BEATH cyyftaU of Tartar 
[wirh Cbymifts'} See Cream (^Tartar. 

CHAMy the tide of the emperor or 
foveniign prince ot Tartary* 

CHAMJEA'CTE [;^a/u«/a*T», Gr.l a 
kind of low elder- tree, the plant Wall- 
^ort or Dame-worr. 

CHAMiE'BALANUS [ df ;t<^/ueti ihe 
ctrth tod >9a\ar^, Gr-} peas or earth- 

CHAM^'BATOS [x*iW««^«T^» Gr.] 
the Hearth' bramble. 

CHAM£BU'XUS [infor^] btffard 
Dwarf-box. X. 

CHAM£Cb'0RYS, Female Southern- 
wood. Gr» 

CHAMiECrSSUS [ of x*f*'^* ^^ 
SiV^^, Gr.2 Ground ivy, HareVfoot, 

CH AMJECY'PARISSUS f ;t*/**«» ' 
trd^cT^f Gr,'\ Che Dwarf Cyprefs-tree 
or Heath. 

CHAMJEDA'PHNH [of ;t*i"*^ «nd 
^dff» the laurel, Gr.J a lorc of laurel or 

CHAMiE'DRYS [of ;t*A«' ^nd /ft?f, 
Cr» an oakj the herb Germander or 

CHAMiEFl'LlX» Femalenlwarf, Stone- 
fern, I^ 

CHAMiErRI^, DwarfFlowcr-dc-luce. 

CHAMJEI'TBA, Dwarf-willow. I. 

CHAM^aEON [XfltycMtiA»'»vofx«iuai 
the ground) and xim^^Gt* a lion] a little 
beaJt like t lizzard, which for the mcft 
part lives on the air or flies, }ffC, See 

GHAM^'LEON [in Botany'\ a thiftle 
which is faid to change colour with the 
earth 4t grows in, like that animal below 
inenrioned. Z. 

CHAMJELEU'CE [of x«iu«) and\ii/«a, 
Gr.] the herb CoU*s-toot or Afles-foot. 

CHAMALI'NUM [of ;^«/u«i and \frof, 
Cr.'] Dwarf Wild-flax. 

CHAMAME'LON [of X'^f*'^^ ^^ M" 
>er an apple, ground-apple, Gr.'} the herb 
Chamomil. L- 

CHAMiEME'SPlLUS [in Boiott)] the 
Dwarf medlar. X. 

CHAMAMCyRUS [Botmf\ the knot 
Berry bufh. L. 

CH AM£PERICLI'M£NUM,ihe dwarf 
Honey- fuckle. £. 

CHAMffiPlTiS [of x«At«i and w-iT/c, 
Gr.J the herb Qround-piae } slfo chehcrb 
Sc> /^i^n's wort. X« 


Dwarf Rofe-bay. X. , 

Dwarf Rofe-bty. X. 

_ CHAM/E$Y'CE[withBorimi/?/]Spurge 
time. L* 

Bottled CHA'MBER [of a Mbrtar ^eCt 
th<t pare where ih^ powder lies, beinj 
globicaly with a neck for its couunoa 
cation with the cylinder. 

CHAMBER [of a NGne^ the plao 
where the powder is confined, at^ is go 
nerally of a cubical form. 

Ptwder CHAMBER [oo a Battery} t 
place iunk into the ground, for hoJdii^ 
the powder or bombs* Jjfc. where ihej 
may be out of danger, tad prefer vedfroo 

CHAM£'LEOM. See CanuUon. 

CHAMELEON [in Hiero^lyfbich] t6 
prefenis an hypocrite and a ttme-ferver 
one that is of any relfgion, -and takes «nj 
impreffion that will ferre his prefent turn 
for it it reined of this creature, thatii 
can change icfelf into any coiour bat wht« 
and red. 

CHA'MFBR > lArcbiteaitre] afmtl 
^ CH A'M FRET j tiirrow or gutter on \ 
pillar, an ornament confiftiog of hth i 

CHA'MFERBD fSefctty] the ftalks o 
fome plants are laid to be ckanfirtd 
when they have imprefllioiis upon 'em lito 

CHA'MFERTNG 7 fin Carpentrt 

cutting the edge or end of any thing a 
Hope or b?vcl 

CHAMOYS Leather , ccmmorly csfl 
ed (hammy, the skin of a kind of a wild 

CHAMOS 1 [tt;iDn» flrf.]inid(i 

CHEMOSHf of Che M(m6iW, which 
according to the opinion ot fome, wasrh 
fame with Baal-Pbtgor or Pria^ 5 ba 
others take it to be Bacchus. 

CHA'MPIAN [champoffu^ f.] oper 
plain, even, not endofcd > as a chaapioi 

CHANCE, hazard or fortune ; a ten 
we apply to events to denote that the 
happen without any necefTary cauTe. f. 

CHANCE [Metapbjficls] many thi^ 
happen by chance in the world, with rt 
gard to fecOnd caufess but nothing at sJ. 
happens by chance in refped to the firfl 
caufe (God) who difpofes and preordsitf 
all things hom all et«mity. For chaoo 
and fortune are only to be faid properlj 
in refpe6fc to him that is ignorant of di* 
intention of the diredor. And inafmod 
as the divine intention is hid from nw 
uU tho chiqg isdQoe» (htreiore chefam 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 


^ i(^ to man, is rti<l to htppen 
Jfctacei bat DOC in ttffeSt to cbe 

CHANCE, fs tlfo afed for the man- 
>^j( ded£n(( tbingi, rbe condnS or di- 
> Kan vbertof b left ac Urge, and noc 
N'i&ie totny dccermiimte ru'es or mea. 
^ervhere rhere is nogrou.d or pre- 
»». IS ai cards, dice* fertf, 

CHI'NCELLOR [caiueliarhs, L. 
*^ cmulier^ F.; ao oficer fuppofcd 
•toiSy to hare been a notdry or 
wWi>QdeT ibe emperor, and n^meican- 
ctfanii, bectufe be Gc behind a lectice, 
(" fKBi being prefl^d upon by the peo* 

^^RiNCfiLLORS, there are alfo a 
dtttter of the order of the Garter* a 
^^acflor of tn oniTerfity, a ch'^ncellor 
« 'fce H tnrirs, of % diocefe, JjfC. 

ACHINCELLOR [of an Vmvnfity] 
w( !k d'oloos s or letters oi decrees, 
f"**fi'^*» fcflC. (I'vcD ill rhc un?vcrffry. 

CHJWCiirOR (oi Oxford] is their 
■^vt, wh()iii the ftudeiirs themfelves 
•^i Mj office is to goTern the uni- 
Jjfcj dncf WM, to pre(er¥e and 
"•^t^rifhts tn privileges ofir, to 
ttleafftker affismblies, and to do juf. 
«2.«»nr tkf members under his juf if. 

fe CHANCELLOR {of Oxford'] is 

*■■»«< ak\iiU3r by the chancellor, 
[JdfSdbjr rhe univer6ty in convoca* 
[■•to (tfpiy the abfence of the chan- 

;'»^^<^CHANCELLORS, four per- 

iJ*cV}L-n one of the beads of colleges, 

tv*«»Kt chancellor, to one of which 

**wei hit power in his abfence. 

OUNCttLOR [of Camhidiel much 

^^w with the charceilor oiOxfordt 

» (^ kt does not hold his office 

' aiti, bat may be eleded vttty 


,5^ANCELL0R [c£Canhrldge\\% 

■^^ cholcn bv the ienate out ol two 

naioated by the b«ids of coUe- 

^«CEllOR [of the order of C^- 
Ji*j4cer woe (iralf the com millions 
rr^ and tflenbly of the knights, 
Jyieiifter. and delirers the afis 
■^ •fctJ ot iht order. 

CWICILLORSHIP [of eoHCittari' 
S^^Mitfrr, F.] the office or di^- 
iyteRY-Cwrf, was firft ordain- 
'2^'l6m the Ccmjuercfr^ who al- 
^*««d or inftituced the courts of 
I, which aiwayt xfaored wiUi iu« 


i GtmneryJ 
a frame cf 
wood of a 
It'^e planks 
of 6 or 7 
foot afun- 
der, but pa- 
rallel , on 
each of ' 
which is raifcd a pieces oi^>wo'>d per- 
pendicularly, between which laicineg 
aie laid, which (orm a parapet; they 
are made moveable trom place to place* 
according as there iball be occafion* in 
order to over workmen. 

CHANFKAtN BLANC [with Ihrfi^ 
men] is a white mark upon a horfe, de- 
fcending from the forehead almoft to tha 
nofe. F, 

CHANFRIK [with Horfenun] h thd 
forepart of a hoffe*s head, extending 
from Under the dars along the inter* 
val, between the eye-biows down to 
the nofe. 

CHA^NGEAfiLENES^ [of cifdHgeM, 
F*] liablene^s or ap^nefi to change. 

CHA'NNEL llnjircbueaitre] a channel 
in theJlMici^ chapiter is a parr that lies 
fonftwhat hollow under the abacus^ and 
open upon the ecbhtus^ and hath its con- 
tours or turnings on each fide to maka 
the votuta*s or fcrolU. 

CHA'NNEL tftbe lamdif^ i% thefafi 
fit oi ^ cornice which makes the pendant 

CHANNEL cf tbe VOide [in the 7o» 
nick Capital J is the face of its clrcum* 

CHANT IcdHtust I.] the Tocal miU 
fick of churches. 

CHA'NTICLB AR [ofcbimter and cUir; 
FI clear or ibrill ] a name iometimeft 
given CO a cock on account of its cleat 

CHA'NTLATB [In Arcbhi8itre'\ « 
piece of wood faften'd near the ends o£ 
the rafters, and proje£^ing beyond tha 
wall for fupporting 2 or 3 rows of tiles^ 
to prevent the rain-water from trickliog 
down the ^dt% of the wall. 

CHAOXOOY (;of x*ef tnd X(>«,Gr.] 
hiftory or defcription of the chaos- 

CHA'OMANCY [of x*U andfutrnje^ 
Gr. divination} the skill of prognoftica* 
dog by obfeivations made on the air. 

CHACyriC [of x««^» Gr.] of or be* 
longing to a cbao», a dark and rude mafi 
ot matter, or an irregular fyftem of tha 
elements, and all forts of particles mixc 
and jainblerf together ; out of which they 
fuppoft tha world bo hart tea fennad 

s « 

Digitized by VjOOQ IC 


tt Arfts tlfo a confuTed or difordcrly 
keap of things. 

A CHAP, a chink, tiiatns or opening, 
A CHAP [of ceapaO) Sax.1 a chap- 
. CHA'PEAU, a cap or bar. F. 

CHAPE AU [in Heraldry J a cap of 
ftare of velvet, of a fcarlec colour, lined 
with ermines, worn by dukes. The creft 
of^ noblemen's ?oars of arn^s is bom on 
this cap as on a wreath, and is parted bv 
jr frorn the hclrtiet > which no creft mua. 
ijnmediarf-ly touc^, 

CHA'PELETS [with Horfemcn] a cou- 
pie of ftirrup leathers, eaih of them 
mounted with a ftirrup, and joining at 
top in a fort of leather bncklc, called 
the head of the chapclet, by which being 
adjiftcd to the rider's length and bore, 
they are made fad to the fadd'e. 

CHA'PERON [of a Bit-moutb'} a 
name which horfemcn give t© fcatch- 
mouths, and all ochers that are not ca- 
non-mouths, and Signifies the end of the 
bit thai joins co the branch, juft by the 

CHA'PITERS whb Moutdhgs [Arcb'i' 
teBure] are thofe which have no orna- 
mc'Ms^ as the Tufcan and Dorich 

CHAPITERS vitb Sculptures [Arcbl 
teSure] are thofe which are fet off with 
leaves and carved works, the fineft of 
which is that of the Corintbian order. 

CHA'PLAINSHIP, the oiEce of a chap- 
CHA'PLAIN \[imLa» fenfe] ii 
CHAPE'LLAINBX one who attends 
upon the king or other perfon of quali 
ty, in^ order to inftrud him aod his fa- 
mily in matters of religion. 
CHATMANRY 7 [of ceapman and 
CHA'PMANSHIPJ Jlic, &t. a king- 
dom the employment or dealings of a 
chapman, or buyer or feller. 

CH A'PPB [in Biraldxy] fig- 
nifies cloaked, and is repre- 
^ fenrcd by dividing the chief 
^ by ii:ies drawn from the oen 
-^ tre, at rhc upper edge to an< 
|,Ies below inio 3 parts. The iecSlions on 
the fides being o\ a different metal or 
cofouv from the reft, as in the figure an< 
nex'd. Some call it a Chief Tarty per 
Bind Dexter or S'mlfler, or both. 

dTy~\ figniftes boodcd, oi cbap- 
peronne «n hood, which co- 
vers the head, fuch as UitTz 
wear, with as much hanging 
down as covers ihe Iboul 


CHAWEROO'NS "I are thofe II 
^ CHAFFEROCyNS f ftields comi 
log death's-heads, and other funeral 
vices placed on the foreheads of he 
tbac draw hearfes at funerals. The ] 
fon of I heir being fo called, is beci 
thefe devices were anciently faftene* 
the Cbappercmust that thofe ho/fei 
fed to wear with their other cover 
of ftate. 

CHAPOURNE'T, a little hood, che 
gure of which is ufed by heralds fo 
bearing in a coat of arms. 

CHA'PTER [ArcbiteSureJ the cop 
head of a piihr. 

CHA'PTRELS [Arcbheaure'i the fi 
as impofts, /. e. thofe parts oo wl 
the feet of arches ftand. 

CHAR [in the BritUh tongue} is t 
for ^nttf which Ggni&es a city, and 
ing adjoin'd to the names of places, 
nifies the ciiy of that place. 

To CHAR, to make charcoal of Wl 
of oak, alder, lime- tree, Jjfc. by c 
ting it into convenient lengths, and 
ling it up in the form of a pyramid 
a deep pit, made in the ground for i 
purpofe, having a little bole to pni 
the (ire. 

CHA'RACTER [of x*&»'^^^ Or.[ 
certain manrer of air or aflemblagc 
(qualities, which refulc from feveral f 
ticular marks, which diftioguiih a tt 
from any other, fo as it may be the 
by known, as we fay the charaSei 
Alexander, Cicero^ }ffc. 

CHARACTER [with Voetsl is the 
fult of the manners, or that which it p 
per to each perfon, by which he h 
gular in his manners, and diftinguiibi 
trom others. 

CHARACTER [with ItLomlfh Dhin 
a certain indelible m;rk or impreffi 
which is left behind them by certaiB 
cramentsin thofe that receive them. 

CHARACTER, isalfoufed for ceil 
vifible qualities which claim reverend 
refped irom thofe that are Tefted « 
them, as the charafier of a bilbop^ 
ambaftador, J«fc. 

>r<7;niiitff CHARACTERS, are thofe] 
perly called letters, which (erve to' 
prefs the names of things. '2 

Heai CHARACTERS, are fucb 
prefs things and idea's inftead of naif 

£OT*/fWrfriwl CHARACTERS, are 
as not only exprefs the ththgs themfci 
but in (bme meafure perfonate tfaeni 

exhibit their forms fuch as the B^ 

_ hieroglyph! cks. 

ders, aiid part of the arms clofed t^try CHARACTBRI'STICK [of a 
vay, as in the figure aaD6i*d» | ritbmj is the fame as the ^udex oi 

•Iponept of iu 

,. by Google 


CfiJJUCTERISTICK friai^ of a 

Crw Cia the hS%t*er Geometry^ is a rec- 

ri^hC'SAg'cd criaagte, ivhoid by- 

's a pare of the curve, Docfeo- 

dkirrenr f om a right Hoe. 


flat^ Gr.J faaTiDg charaoerifticks, or 
Jciae craraserifticaJ. 

CHAR 1 [probably of c«pe, £xr. 

CRUU I cmrej a job or (mall piece 
'M vork ; mMo rhe nave of a &fli. 

CUAHBON [with ibrfemen] is that 
2db ^Bck fpoc or mark which remaios 
mm a large ipot in the cavity of the 
oner teeth of a iiorfe, about the 7ch or 
^ ^^r, when tbe cavity filis, and the 
eaeih Vdii| iiiKKKh and equal h (aid to 

CHlftGE { charge^ F.'\ a burden or 
hmi ', aiib naDageroeoi or care ; alfb of- 
ioe, taif^y or truft » alfo an accufatton, 
alio an eogagement, fight 

CHARGE [with Tmnters] an exaege- 
nsed re^reicataiioa oi a perfoo in which 
ckt Skncls is picferved, but at the fame 
ane n&^'ed» called alfo over-charge. 

au'RG£ABIJEN£SS [of caritas^ or 
<ferdear. 0€ charger^ F] coftlixK/i , dear- 

CHA'RGED IBnOdrj] figoifies the fi. 
fM icpreieaiced on an efcutcheoo, by 
I'Kadi tte bearers afe diftiogutAed one 
ttOB aaocher . Too many charges in an 
aioichecki are noc accounted fo honoura- 

CSA'ftiNESS [ of cbiT^ R earns ^ X. J 
cacKT^is, Cparingnefii, teademe(s» 

CBAIIOCK, a kind of herb. 

aiARl'STIA [amoQg the Mmumi] a 
Icftrnl Iblemnii'd on the Jzch of the 
Citmdt of Miarcb. 

CHAlU'&TlCARTy cmmmdatarjf or </o. 
acaiy, apeifoa to whom the enjoyment 
y :ke levcoaes of a monaftery, bene- 
IK, \gc. were gi^ec. 


CHA'RITATIVB [I'nr^mmXdv] as 
^hanodTB Jtditdy^ Md, iffc, a moderate 
*i^*«K« graared by a council to a bi- 
^9p 13 ^r his expeoees to a council. 

CHABHTES [XA^nr, i^. che Graces] 
Jtima, J^g&a ana Empbro/jne^ the daoah. 
«*» et /t^a- and jtttcuoe^ or of jM^ifrr 
eii SMtjaeme* One of tbefe was painred 
*ci ker hack towards tB,and her face from- 
^■t at preceeding trom usi and the other 
»• with ihcir faces towards us, to dc- 
1^ that for one benefit done we (hould 
**«rt* iooUe thanks ; thty were patni- 
^ Mkcdy f inumtte ihac good o£ces 


Aould be done witfaont difTembling and 
hypocrify; they were reprefenccd yoong, 
to fignify that the remembrance of be- 
nefits ftottld never wax old i and alfo 
laughing, to fignify that we fliould do 
good to others with chearfulnefs and ala- 
crity. They are rcprefcntcd linked to- 
gether arm in arm to inftruft us that 
one kiudnefs fliould provoke another, fa 
chat the knot and bond of love Aould 
be indiflbluble. The poers tell us, thac 
they ufed to walb themfelves in the foun- 
tain Aciddliusy becaufe beneficSi gifts and 
good turns ought to be fincere and pure, 
and nor ba(e. fordid and counterfeit. 

CHA'RITY [cbarhaj,L»'\ the ancients 
ufed to paint the virtue charity, as a god* 
defs in yellow robes, fitting in an ivory 
chair, having on her bead a tire of gold 
fet with precious (tones. 

CHARITY,is the love of our brethren, 
or a kind of brotherly affe&ion of one to- 
wards another. The rule and ftandard, 
that this habit is to be examined and re- 
gulated by among Chriftians, h the love 
we bear to ourfelves, or that Chiifl bore 
to us s that is. It muft be unfeigned, con- 
ftanty and out of no other defign but their 

THA'RLOCK, a kind of herb. 

CHARMS [cbarmesy F.] certain verfes 
or expreffions, which by fome are fup« 
pofed^ to have a bewitching power ; alfo 
certain particular graces in writing, a a 
the charms of Eloquence^ of foetry, ^c, 

CHA'RMING [of cbarmant, F.J enga- 
ging, alluring, delighting. 

CHA'RMINGNBSS, charming delight- 
ing quality. 

CHA'RON recording to the PoeUl 
was the fon of Erebus and the Nigbt , and 
the ferry-man of Pluto, who in an old 
weather-beaten boat did convey the fouls 
of the deceased to him over rhe rivers 
Cocytus^ Percpblegetbon t Acberon and 

Cbaron is iloried to be covetous oE 
money, and therefore would carry none 
over without a piece of filver, a balf- 
penwfy which the ghofts were wont to 
carry between their lips, being put there 
by their furviving relations. And altho* 
it was noc granted, that any who were 
not 6t^6 or unburied, ff-ould be admitted 
into Cbaron'% boar ; yec Mneas, for his 
piety, and HtrcuUs and Tbefcus by their 
valour, and Orpbeus by his mufick, ob- 
tained the privilege to pafs to and fro 
in it. 

The original of this fable is fuppofed 
to be this ; Qftris^ king of EQfftj was one 
who took excraordinary care of the dead, 
cAvfing them to be buried ta feveral pla- 

Digitized by VnOOQlC 


€6$ made om purpofe netr 'Mtnifbisp to 
encoartgQ virtue and t good life s for 
perfoos were appainced to enquire into 
•very man's tftions ', and if the decetfed 
bad DOC lived well, he was co be caft 
i'to a place of fliame and puaiftmenc; 
but if he had lived virtuonfly, he was 
to be uuerr*d in pleafanc fields > beau- 
tified aod'AouriibiDg with all manner of 
powers. And by this means Ofiris did 
awe his fubjeds toco a fubmi^on and 
obedience to his laws* 

This place was near the city Meinpbis 
^'^Egypt.t and iBncompafled feverai times 
vita the river Me: Hence the poets 
take their four rivers of hell, Asberan^ 
Styx^ Cocyttu, aud Tbl^etbon, 
"An old iellow ufed co convey the dead 
bodies over thefe four compafiings of the 
JAU i and hence comes the poets Cbaron, 
-The heathens did believe that Cbaron 
would never fuffer the fou^s whofe bo- 
dies had lain long unboried, to pafs in 
his boat to refk in the Ei^ian Fields i 
but that they were toiled up and down 
daring the fpace of xoo years, upon the 
banks of the river Acberon. 

Therefore ic was looked upon a cru- 
elty beyooA expreffion, to deny burial to 
fhe deads and therefore all great cbm> 
nanders were very carefql after a battel 
go incerr the bodies of their foldiert chat 
-htd been (lain. 

He is reprefented as a very old man, 
hi and oafl V, with a grey beard, long and 
bulhy, wiih fore fiery eyes, and clothed 
to rags that will fcarce hang . upon his 
Aoulders; of a rough, faucy temper 
snakine -no diftinftion between prin- 
ces and peafams, rich or poor; the beau- 
tiful and deformed were all alike to 

CHARTS l^roffrapbick') are Ibeecs 
CHARTS MoTfiie > of large pa- 

Sea CHARTS 3 per, on 

which feyeral parts of the land* and Tea 
«re defcribed, with their refoeaive coafts, 
barbours, founds, flats, uelviis, fands, 
'ocks, ^, together with the Ion- 
gttude and latitude of each plaGe> and 
the points of the compafs* ' 

CHA'RTBL Icarteh F.] a letter of 
defiance or challenge co a duel, ufed in 
ancient times, when combats were al- 
lowed for the determination of difficnlt 
cootroverfies in law. 

• CHARTERS, were firft confirm*d by 
the broad feal in the time of kiqg Ed- 
l0Mrd the confeflbr. Who was the firft 
lung of England chat made oft of (hac 
large and ftately impreiEon. 
CHA'RVIL. See Cberml^ ^c. 
CHARY'BDIS, a rock in the ftrtitf 


of Siciijf, The poets relate that thft 
Ctarybdis was a woman of a favag« 
nacure, who fee upon all paflengers u 
rob them. And the having flolen Her- 
cuie/s oxen, Jv^lter ktll'd her with hi 
thunderbolts, and turned her into a fo 
rious monfter, and caft her into a gul^ 
that bears her name. 
CHAGE [Sga Temi] the fhip chafed. 
To CHASE [ with Goldfmitbs, ^c. 
is to work plate after a parcicular man 
ner, called chafed-work. 

CHA'SBR [Sea Term] tha ifaip inpoi 
fuitof the chafe. 

Stem CHASE ^Sea Term] is whentb 
chafed is rieht a head with the chvfer 
To He wti tbe flnfs fore fond in th 
CHASE [Sea Term] is to fail the neai 
^ft way to meet her, and fo to cro 
her in her way. 

A Sbip of a good firrward CHAS; 
[Sea Pkrafe] a Ibip that is built forwai 
on a ftern, that Ihe can carry many gn^.! 
to (boot right forwards or backwaids 
called alfo a fliip of a good ftem chai 
CHASE Guns [ of a Ship ] are fa( 
whofe ports are either in the head (ai 
then they are ufed in chafins of othei 
or in the ftern, and are ufed only whi 
they are chafed or purfued by ocKers. 

CHAfSEABLI, that may be chafed i 
CHAST iVood, a plant or herb. 

CHA'STISEN^NTS [ with Jioffem 
are corre&tons of the fevere ai>d rig 
rons eSe€ts of the aids ; for when t! 
aids are given with fevericy, they becon 

CHA'STNESSl [CARitas^ X.] a chi 

CHA'STITY i ttian moral virtue 
abft^ining- firom unlawful pleafures or tl 
ilelb, and ufing lawful ones with m 

CHAU'NTRY. See Cbmtty. 
M//. J^mrs] machines of 
iron havii)g four points 
of about three or lour 
inches long, ' fo milde 
chat which ever way 
they fall, there is ftiU 
a point up, and they are to be throi 
upon breaches, or in pai&s where r 
horfe arc to march, to annoy them J 
running into their foet and disunii 

CHAUSS6 trap boat [ with iiM/e«fli 
a white-footed horfe, when the wh 
marks run too high upon his legs, f 

CHAUSSB [ ia Heraldry ] &pa^ 
/hod, and in Slaxm denotea a SeB 
in hajkp the line bj which it 
formed proceediiHi; from the exc 
\ n 


Digitized by VjOOQIC 


Imt of tlte bafe, anJ afcending 

Dik fide of the eTcurcbeon, which 

le meecs about the F^> 

8p^l as if a chief had 
iboosy the fame being a d'> 
Ttfioa made in ic by lines 
drtwn from the center of 
the lower line of the chief, co 
the middle parts of the 
tts thoeof, and fo is faid co repre- 
(k ftooes, ss emanche is faid co repre- 
fe Cttfei ts the 6gure annexed. 

CHEAP [of ccapan, Sdx. to buy or 
^ it9ott% the place's name, co which 
kiia^, to be or have been a mar- 
tastnraor place, ts Cbeafffide^ Eaficbeap, 

CHEAP [of ceapao, Sax.J fold for t 

CHii'RFULLNBSSl fof cbere, F. 

CHEAKINESS f of ;t«j>», Gr,^ 

CHEAlriNGNESS [of ctVCH Sax.'] 
^cbad, OT dehatidinc quality. 

.CHtCX [ictec, F.J lofs, fatal blow, 

CHECKY [lo Heraldry^ is one of the 
moil noble and moft an. 

SdtiK figures cKac are ufed 
to armonry, and a certain 
aacbor fays, ought to be 
giv^n CO none but valiant 
warriers in token of rbeir 
BoWicy. For the chefs- 
JJfi reprefenrs a field of battle, and 
"t ?a«is and men on both fides re- 
J^ the foldiers of the two armtest 
*y awe, attack^ advance or retire, 
2|"| to the two gair.eders that are 
■^ Itaerals, fee the figure annexed, 
J» %Bie is always compofcd of me- 
2^ colour, and fom; authors would 
^K reckoned among the feveral forts 

^ [in lkraldry2 the fame as 

jJUlDO^IAfBofiWy] Celandine or 

•"W-WOTt. L. 

QKI'LOCACE fof XH^^ • '«>. »n<J 
*^erii] a canker in the mouth or 

amiBR,fc-rruptly for IfU m«r» 
"i^Jthe reflux of the fca. 
^a^NE [of xt^-^i. Gr a ror- 
r**j*feftrument co make a gradual 
^^■•■"J in any frafiured member, in 

* B't^on it refembles the flownefs 


glO'«ON[of xtX«»i,Or.] a hump 
2^ tiUti from its refemblance to a 

[teONin'ES[ofv\//«>^,Or. t fwal- 
Ti^ftDoe fotioa ia the bellies of 


young fwallows,'good agalnfl the fallii^ 

CHE'MAT f;t*i«*»» <5r-] * meafure a« 

CHE'MH f mong the ancients contain-. 
mg two fmall fpoonruls. 

CHE'MIA [ d^i T« ;t»«^, Gr. } chs 
fame as cbymta. 

^ CHB'MiCB, Che an of calling figurea 
m meials. 

CHIMI'N, way or road. F. 

CHEMIN des rmdes [in fbrtificat.l 
the Way of the rounds, a fpace between 
Che rampart and the lower parapet, for 
the rounds to go about. See Fdlfe btM. 

CHE'MISE, a ffiirt or fliift, a fi- 
ning or a c«fing with ft one, F, 

CHEMI'SH [with Majhut ] the foK- 
dicy of a wall from che Talu$ or iloM 
to theftone-row. F. 

CHE'MOSIS, a fwcUIng of chewhit« 
coac of che eye called ilSuginea tunica^ 
that^makes the black of it appear hollow, 
and is a violent inflammation with extreme 
pain, che eye-lids being turned infide out. 

CHE'MISTRY. SecChmifiry. 

CHBNO'PUS [xwiiTMt, Gr.] the herb 

CHBOIISHER [of cAerir, KJ one who 

To CHERN. Seetoi:fc«r«. 

CHERNlTESC;ti^»iTar, Gr.l aCftone 
like ivory ufed by the aocieots to pre- 
ferve dead bodies in, 
^ CHERSONE'SB lmGe<^apbyl a pen- 
infijla, a trad of land almott encom* 
pafled with the fea. 

CHE'RVIL, an fcerb. 

To CHER'WIT, to cry like a partridge. 

CHESS, a game performed with lirrle 
round pieces of wood, on a board divid- 
ed into 64 f(|uares, where arc and faj»a- 
cuyare fo indifpeafib'.y reqniGce, that 
chance feems to have no pla^e; and a 
perfon never lofes but by bis ownfaoK 
Bach Cide has 8 men and as many p4wns, 
which are to be moved and fliilted 
according co certain laws and mles of 
that game. 

CHEST foimderhg. Seejatrnderhg. 

CHEVA'LER [with Hor/emen] is when 
a hor(c with paiTaging upon a walk or 
trot, bis far fore-leg crofTes or overlaps 
che other fbre-Ieg every time or mo- 
tion. F. 

CHHVAL 1 [iiT//. 4f 1 

turnpikes, being fpars of wood, abouc 
10 or I a foot long, and a fooc diame- 
ter cot in«) 6 faces and bored through ; 
each hole is armed with a ihorc fpike, 
ihod with iron tt each end about an inch 
diameter, 6 foot long and 6 inches diftant 
one from another i fo that it poims ouc 


Digitized by VnOOglC 


iilf^ry wif , snd is u^ in topping fmiYl 
orertures or open places, or placed in 
breaches, alfj a defence agaioft horfis* 

CHEVt'LLH [in HenOdry'i 
fignifies ftreaming, /. e. 
a dream oi lighc darting 
from a comet or blazing 
ftar, vulgarly called the 
beard, according co the ii« 
'fure annexed. 


Mil* j^.] an engine 
for raiiine guns or 
nonars in'O their 
ariagesjit tsmade 
)r 2 pieces of wood 
iSouif"ur foot long 
itanding upright up 
'^n a fhird which is 
Square ; they are a- 
bouc a foot afunder 
and parallel, being 
pierced with holes 
'xa£lly oppoHte to 
ne anothir, with 
a bolt of iron being 
put thro* ihefe ho'es, 
higher or lower at pieafurc, which fervt-s, 
with a handfpike, which takes its poife 
over this bolt, to raife the gun or mortar, 
1 i CHE'VRON llinHeral- 

I .A. 1 CHE'VERONj ''ryjisan 
I^^Mk|J ordinary formed of a twoiold 
■V^'WU line, fpire-wife or pyramidi- 
^^ _ ^ cal, rhc ioundation being in 
the c'exter and finifter \mfc points ot the 
cfcutcheon, and the acute point of the 
fpire near to the top ot the efcutcheon, as 
ID the figure annexed. 

This ordinary rcfemhles a pair of barge- 
couples or rafters, fuch as carpenters fct 
on the higbeft part of a h^oufe for fupport- 
ing (he roof, and betokens the atchieving 
fome bufiners of moment, orl furnifhing 
/bme chargeable or memorable work. 

Some fay it rcprcfcnis ProteBion, oihen 
fay Ccmfiancy ; feme the fpurs of knights, 
others the head-drefs of prieftefTes, ^c, 

Frr CHEVRON fin Heraldry ^ or Par- 
ty per Chevron t is when the Held is divi- 
ded only by two fingU lines, rifing from 
rbe two bale points and meecing in a point 


above, as the cherron does; 

CHETRON ahufs'd [Her^dtyJ 
when its point does not approach the he 
of the chief, nor reach farther than ti 

^ CHE'VRON trole, h wh^fa one bran 
is feparated inco two pieces. 

CHEVRON cloven^ is when the upp 
point is taken off fo that the two piec 
only touch at one of the angles. 

CHEVRON couched, is when cl 
point is turned downwards on ooe lido < 
the efcurcheon. 

CHEVRON divided, U when the brti 
ches are of fevcxal metalS| or when met 
is oppofed to Colour. 

CHEVRON inverted^ h when the pou 
is towards the poirti of the coat, and i 
branches towards the chiet 

CHEVRON mutilated, is when u do< 
not t^Mch the extremes of the coat. 

CHE'VRONED fin Heraldry^ is wbe 
it is filled with an equal number of chef 

Ctfunffr-CHEVRONED pn Heraldry 
IS when a chevron is fo divided, thacco 
lour IS oppofed ro metal. 

CHEVRONE'L fin Heral- 
dry] is the diminutive of 
chevron, and as fuch contains 
only one half of the chevron, 
as in the figure nnnexed. _ 

CHEVROVNE' 7 fignifies the partfol 
^ CHEVRONNY' f of the Ihieldfevera 
tirr.cs rhevrou-wife, as in the figure abovi 

CHICA'NB 1 [ofc/cww the skin o 

CHICA'NRY I a pomegranate, ac. 
cording to Menage\ whence the SpauiardU 
derive their cbicoy licde, (lender ; chicane 
being converiant about trifling things! h 
Lt» itisanabufe ot judiciary proceeduiga 
cither with defign to delay the caafe, oi 
to impofe on the judge or the contran 
party, a wranpiing, crafty manner of plead 
ing a caufe with tricks, quirks and fetchei; 
the perplexing or fpltiting a caufe, pectji 
fogging. F. 

CHICA'NE 1 [m the SdbooU] I 

CHICA'NERY J ufed to import vail 
fophifms, fubcleties and diftin^ions, win 
defign to obfcure truth and .protrad dQ 
puics. \ 

CHIEF Icbef^ F.j firfl, principal, Ari 
veraign. «l 

Lemds held in CHIEF. Sec Capite. 

CHIEF [in Mil, Afairs^ a co 
in cHief^, a general. 

CHI'DING [of dban. Sax.'] rebuk 


A CHIEF [in Heraldry, chef, F.] is i 
honourable ordinary, and that which tak 
up the upper pare of the efcutcheon, 
reprefeacs a man*! head, and the o 


Digitized by VjOOQIC 


■leair both hf indena and modent* 

Tke dvf, *^ aU other honourable or 
fitnes d3, moft 7«ke np juft one third 
iwr of the efcutchcon, cfpecially if they 
W utm n cae fliieU s Iwi if there be 
taacre of chem they isnft be leiTened in 
ivapsnioQ co cbeir number, and the fame, 
«ki they are c8DtO'>ed« atcfr.<ded tod 
kain€d Bpoo fooie •cher figures. 

Jb CHIEF, Cgnifies tny 
thing bom in the chief pan 
'ft cop of the efcaccheoo. 


A CHIEF cbevrtrnTd, bended or paled, 
^ «**•! it ha» a Cbevnmy Tale or Bead 
t^a^ « CO ic» mod of the fame colour 

A QDEF Jmfipertedt i< when the two 
tHrh z' the top are of the colour of the 
itdt ad ^ac ac bottom of a diiferent 

CHTiFLY Cof cheft JO principally. 
aHETTAlN. a capcain or general. 
CmXDINGNfiSS [cii^, ^ox. a chUd] 
ifcetrecaeiK bearing children. 
GIUXDISHNESS [ciIbifcoe/» &x.] 
ooexperiencedne fs. 
[dDy'NAMB [ot X''^*^ • t'^o*'* 
, aad l^tm^fnt power or virtue, Qt,'] 
m. herh faariiig looo virtues, a fore 0| 

CHIUOTHYLLON fx'^^io^Usr, Gr 
«f g^iAjcf rooo, and f »\xev, Gr. a leaf ] 
ikcherb Milfoil, Yarrow or looo leaf. X. 

CHDffllA CX^A^'^^ ^1^0 a mon- 
Aer iripifiit to ha^e the head of a lion, 
ctebefiy of a. foat, and the tail of a fer- 
F^Sr aiib a mere whimfy* a caftle ia the 

CHCMJERA [X^fi^^ ^^'1 * ^^' 
v» or msvacain of ^itf, that vomited 
fin, the tfvcii of the feUe is, the top of it 
httrf iohabiced bvlion, the middle a* 
heaqf^g with paftures for eoats, and at 
oe KxtoB by ferpents r This gave place 
«» the 6Me, that Cbimdera was a monfter 
tfaas voBftcea lUmes, had the head and 
kceaft of a tioo, the belly of a goat, and 
ck« oA ot a ilragoDy and becauie Bettero- 

rawBdered 'his mountain habitable, he 
f 4d » have flain the Cbitturra. O ther s 
6ty tkuCkimAra was a mountain oppofite 
r9 r e lea, which £atifing refle£lions and 
iwid hesa in the fummer-iime, being 
^pLifaii rhroogh the fields, made the fruits 
vither. aid that B^Oeropbon perceiving 
wfeit was the cauie ot this mifchief^ cat 
a«er put oi cb<> precipice that mo^ of 
«l&«ieded. PIfay f«ys che fire thereof 
m^ kM kisdle with water, and be extin- 
^■Aadbf nochinp bac earth or dung. 
eOMnXQAJMBSS Cof cbungrlijue^ 


F. of cbinura^ 1. ;tV**'e^ Gr.J imagt* 
narinefs, wbimficalttefit. 

CHIM£ fprob. of gamme, F.] a cun« 
fet upon bells or in a clock; a kind of p«. 
riodicil mufick, produced at certain Tea* 
Tons of the dav» by a particular afparatui 
added to a clock. 

CHI'MIN. See Cbemtru 

A CHIP, a bit chipt oiF from Wood. 

CHIP [from cyppan. Sax. to buy aiid 
fein ihews that the place, to which at it 
added, either is or was a market towo» 
as Cbipnam- Cbippenbam^ Jjrc. 

CHI'PPING [ of cyppan or ceapaa. 
Sax. to buy or fellj fignffies the place, to 
the name of which ic is added, to be or 
have been a market-town or place, as 
Cbippin-thrton^ Cbipping-Wicmh, J«. 

CHIQUB' [at Snyrna^ a weight for 
weighing of eaac's-wool, containing 500 
drams or a okes, which is five pound to 
ten ounces, feven drams. 

CHIKA'PSY [x«V*4^* of ;t«> « hand 
and Airlm^ Qr, to couchj a couching or 
feeling wich the hand. 

CHI'ROORAPH [;t"^'>'^*^^ of ;tf)^ 
a hand, and ypfip» to write, Gr,'} a hand- 
writing, a bond or bill of one's own hand. 

CHI'RON [of /irf T(fr ;t«V«'' ^€9^" 
mUc aro<«ir, a. d. healing by the afliftancc 
of the handsj according to the poets wat 
the fon of Saturn and PbiUyra, and cfaey 
cell us, chac he keeping company with 
PkiUyra^ his wife Ops came and Airprifed 
them, whereupon he transformed himfelf 
into a horfe ; and that PbiUjra conceived 
by him and brought forth a creature, 
whofe upper part was a man, and the low- 
er part a horfe. This Cbiron was an ex- 
cellent phyfician, and CiUght Mfcutapius 
phyfick, ApoUo muGck, and Hercules auro-> 
nomy. This feems to be Chiron^ that 
dwelling in mount FeUuSy is faid to have 
excelled all mortals in judice, and to 
whom Hercules came for love's fake, and 
converting in his cave, worfhipped Tati 9 
and he was the only one of the Centaurs 
that be did not flay, but heard with atten- 
tion, ^tAntiftbenes Socroiicus writes in 
bis Hercules: And when thefe hod lived 
together fome time, an arrow falling out 
of Hereuies*s t^aiver upon che Centaur's 
foot wounded it, and he afterwards died, 
and becaufe of his piety andalfo this mif- 
forctrae, by the beneficence of Jupiter he 
was placed amooc che gods. He has a lit- 
tle beaft in his right hand, near the it tele 
alrar, thac he feems to have a mind to fa- 
crifice, and this is a ftrong argument of 
bis piety. 

CHIRCVNIA V/m I Botany'} the wild 
or black vloc Briooyi fo called from Cbi^ 


CHI . 

Digitized by VjOOQ IC 


C«f RO'MION, the Hefb oanrtttrf. 
CHIRO'NIUM Vtcus^ a boil or fore, 
which com s cfp^dally on the thighs and 
feet, fo n;mpd bccaufe it has need of foch 
mn one a- Chiron to cure it. 

CHIRO'NOMY [chironnma, JLof ;t«. 
^fJtij^ oiy up the hand, tndvbf^ law, 
Gr.j a gclr re with the band cither in 
orators or dan crs, Jjff. 

CHfROTHESY Ichirotbefia^ i. of 

;t«g^di»<r/*, Gr.J a laying on oi the hands. 

CHlROrONl'A [x«»T*v/<i, Gr.J. the 

Impofition ot hands in codferrii^ any piicft- 

]y order$. 

CHIRRICHO'TE, « word nfed by the 
Spaniards in dcrifion of the French^ who 
pronounce cfc/rri for hfry* 

CHIRU'KOERY fx«<P»W«*. o^ X«^ » 
hind, and ?/>>•» work, Gr-] « the third 
branch of the curative part of medicine, 
and teaches how fundry difeafts of the 
body of man may be cured by manual ope- 
ration. It is by fome divided into S P«'t8 : 
X. Syntbtfijf afetiing together ok things 
that are fcparaied. 2. Dure^^ aftpara- 
ting of thing! that were continued before 
3. DiortbofiSt a correfting of things fqucez- 
cd together. 4. Exerefitf a taking away 
of what is fuperfluous. 5- AnafkrqfiSj a 
filling up that which was deficient ; it is 
vulgarly pronounced and written Surgery* 
CHLEUA'SMUS [ X>^«u«^C», Gr. to 
leerl a laughing to fcori^, a mocking*, a 
jeering or fcoffing, a rhetorical Egore tiled 
to that porpofe. 

CHLORinriS rxXw/i'riff, Or.] a pre- 
cious ftonegieen as graft. 

CHOA'SPITBS [of x^^^i-J-'f* Or.l a 
precious ftonc of a green colour, that glit- 
ters like pold. 
To CHOCK 1 to give a perfon a light 
To CHUCK f touch with the fingers 
tinder the chin, as a token- of kindnefs ; 
alfo to play at pitching money, Jgrc. into 

a hole. 

" ' ' ~ ^ ', the nave 

x..i<v^.^ .-.» - *, ^ ameafure 

ia ufc among the ancients, containing a 
Icxcarics or 3 En^/r/b pints. 

CHOE'RAS [or x«'^» ^^' * °°8J 
the &r«wtf, ^o named becaufe hogs are 
fubjcft to that diftemper. 

CHO'LERICKNESS [of cbo/^rlC«/, L. 

SoM'gpt, Gr,^ paflionacenels, being trou- 
led with cholcr. , ^ 

CHONDRI'LLA [x»»«r^iX\>, Gr ] rulh 
^X glim fuccory, wild endiVc. , . , 
CHO'NDRIS [in Botany 2 '^^ ""^ 
falfe or Inftard dittany. 

CHONDROGLO'SSgM [with fomp 
Anatomiftsj a very fmall pair of mufclcs 
ot (he coD^'Je. 


CHO'NDROS [x^*^f&^ ^J *EP^ 
9S of fall, frankincenfe, Jjrc. 

CHONDROS [with ^4iMttwii/liJ a ca 
tilageof griftic, the moft earthy and fol 
part of the body, next to a bcme. 

/ir/t*J^, Cfr-] a cartilaginous iigamcii 
or thfc joining of bones together by mca 
of a cai tila^e or griftle. 

A CHOP, a cut 5 alfo a cutting of 
loin nf mutton. 

CHORD [cbordd, 1. of itop/», Gr 
a right line in Geometry^ 
whicii joins the a ends ot a- 
ny arch of a circle, other- - ^ 
wife called afubcenfe, or it \Cl^ 
is one right line that curs a >^^ 
circle inti> i parts as in the figure. 

CHORDA Ixh^^y <''-3 * ^^*^i' 
gut 5 alfo the firing of a mdical mlt^ 
ment made of a gut. ... 

CHORDA mmlrrand tympam [ wii 
Anatomifis] a nerve that comes from tl 
third branch of the fiuh pair* and is C3 
tended above the membrane of the 2)<ff 
panttm or drum of the ear. 1. 

CHORDA'PSUS rX«/»^*+'^» ^^{i ^^ 
ping or wringing paius of the (mall guu 
fo that they being twitted, or their per 
ftaliick or worm-like motion being n 
verted, the ordure is thrown up at il: 
mouth 5nly. This diftemper is alfo caU* 
by the names of JUus; Hiaca ?4^ifi^ Tft 
Mviui and Miferere mei» ^ , ^ ^ 

CHORD At A Gottorrbota [with Su 
gedns] a malady, when, together wu 
The effufion of the &mfn, the Vrettra} 
urinary paffage is bent like a bow w« 

^*CHOREl»i'SCOPI [of }Jif^ the coa 
try, and Wi^Miri^ a bifhop] rural b; 
Ihops anciently appointed by the pnm 
diorefan. ^ ^ . . ^ 

CHOROBATES [of X«5?^'»'"V. ^^ 
to over-ruD a country] a level ufcd i 
the ancienis with a double Iquare m tl 

country, and y&Lfm to defcribe J accordii 
to the art of chorography. 

CHOROl'DES Tlexus [of X^S^^^ " 
Sm- form, Gr.] the folding of the ci 
rotid artery in the brain, m which is tH 
glandulapwealisi alfo the uvea trnKU 
wbi h makes the apple of the eye. 

CHOSE in aBion [Lav term] a jw' 
that has not a body ; being only a JigM 
as an annnity, a covenao;, • bojd.^ 
rbqfeinaaion may alfobe calW W^' 
fufpince, as having no real cxiftence, M 
no' being prorerly in pofleflion. 

CHORO'METRY U^r'f^*V^* <^ * 

Digitized by LjOOQ IC 


Ikif pcrfomied, ir was left off. 
tkUa MiUs of Monslit]^ fucfa 
Bvb dt« before l>tpdrm ti« call- 


the facecloth 

iJtoOH CLOTH i or piece of 
l^f^ upon the bead of a child chat 
tVto^ bapcized, which of old time 
1 2"^M7 ^^ ^ ^* ftieSL of che 

»nTCOLIST [cbrifiicola, L.'] a 
TPfftr of Cbi/f, ft cbriftian. 

«5jlT0PHORiA'NA [wiih Botm.] 
■*fc Siifii Cfcr^o^r. 
3BT0lTTfi> [of >/ir<^ and 
*aitWw,Gf.]fit«fici7. f^ called 
f**KtoboyiiigChrl(*, by maincdn* 
gaakWcendcd into hell body and 
^^^fkt In leti both there, afccnd- 
"f>j9i»fw with his divinity alone. 

WjtHknsu [with FMdans] the 
■■*ittaBre or colour of tke blood, 

^OmVo'GRAPHY r xwwtw 
Jf'^f'^tW** colour aod>^>«, Gr. 
IL*^J.'f'"*»^«^colour»i alfocbe 

JL^**8 in colours. 

CHIOIUTOPO'IA [ v^^*TO«i««, 

it2l?**^ ■**'"« colottra. 
^WJ « or pcftaioig CO tine, or 
w Of loou coniinoance. 
^cymCALOTSS [of chnmcus, JL 

^ IJ?* coonnnance. 
^Cmo'NiaE Icbrom^uer, F.] to 
^'Jji eater down in foch an hiftory. 

cno^ODnC [^f^ and/W«»i^/«i, 
jTi? •••] • ^ort of dial or inftiumeDc 

Sil^J^ awiy of time. 

jWoNowyciCALiY roi xe/»^ 

2»i iadU)«io fayj tccoiding to chro- 

^^---«««UM txfi^V®* and 
JW". Or.J :he fame as a pendulum to 


j|^J^"»tMlon 01 Co^ju, and that not 
lSr<rf* *** " '* evident that the 

^rj^^f ^ betvens meafuie fonh to 

?«*»■> oftime. 
J,j"j2«nlly defcrib'd as an old man 

E'i^jSl* .•"^ *^ the iofirmuief of 
■wreiead, eyCt and couoceoance, 
"2J l>5»cd, ind be juft able to 
r ll?* "^ fometimes a k^ in h'i 
fciSkfr*^ * fcrptnibiiiig his own 

mj^ >Uide ro time, as dtfdofing 
kS^. ^^ ftcrets. impairing and 
fc T?r »Wnm ftiU confuming, and 
S£^ « <& Vy ft perpctail cir • 


Sometimes he it defcribed with 6 wTnga 
and feet of wool, co Aew that time pat- 
CtsfoMf, yet it will be found to be very 
fwifc in its progreft. 

CHRI'SOM [of ijef^f^, Oryi an un- 
Aion of intants, an ancient cuftom ofa- 
nointing children as foon as ib€f wcr« 
born, withfome aromatick vnguents, ahd 
putting on their heads a cloth dawbea 
with it, this was worjn till they account* 
ed them ftrong enough to ensure bap* 

CHRONO'SCOPE t^f Xsf^ "'""«» 
and o'KoirQ* a maikj the fame as a pendu- 
lum to meafure time. 

CHRY'SALIS [with NaturaJifts^ pro- 
perly the fame as AureHa^ the fame as the 
l^fmpba of butterflies and moths- 

CHRYSA'ROYRUM [ o( xf^U anc? 
^n^e^^^y filver, Gr.l a tribute anciently 
levied o'l courtefans, }ffc. 

CHRYSELB'CTRUM [of y^wof and 
lKiaT;«y, Or. amber] amber of a golden 
or yellow colour. 

CHRY'SBUS [xfwwiiS', Gr.'i afi>rto* 
comet. , . 

CHRYSITIS t ;t/»«''/Tjf, Qr.^ |dld 
foam, Che foam that arifes from refined 
lead, being of a yellow colour like gold. 

CHRYSITIS, Che herb MiUoU or Yar- 
row. X. c . - ' 

CHRYSOBERl'LLUS fV** and^a- 
/i\X®^, Gf^ a fort of cHryilal ftone that 
fliines like gold. ^ ^ 

CHllYSO^::ARPaM {^yAnft^r^fayGrl 
a kind of ivy, whofe berries are ot agoU 
den colour. . 

CHRYSCCOME [of x^^^* wA *6/««, 
Gr. the hair] the herb Miifbil. 

rc», Gr.] a kind of Orach. 

CHR YSCLAMPiS [xf «'*i\*A««'«, Gr.l 
a precious ftone which fliines by night 
like a fire, bnt looks pale by dav. 

CHRYSOXITHOS [xf^'«^^i^. Or.J 
a precious ftone ot a tranfp^irent gold co* 
lour with greens achryfoUte. 

CHRYSfyPTlRUS [ol X^t/cr^f and ar7t# 
aa». Gr. a wing] a kind ol topaz. 

CHRYSO'SFASTOS I Xf*»9i<nriiv^i 
Gr-I a precious ftone>fprukled as it were 
wirh gold fand. 

Gr ] the herb Semter^wifum. L. 

CHRYSO'SPIS [of X/i/^if and il+, Of. J 
a precious ftone like gold. 

CHRYSdSPB'RMH [ of Xf^^'^f goW. 
and v.riff*A^ Qt. the feed] the feed of 

^^CHRYSCRCHIS rwlth rbffidmfi as 
abfcondiMg of the tefticles in the belly. 

CHRYSO^HALBS [BcMn^] the lef- 
ftsl9r( of wall pe«ny.W)ftl, JWJ^^. 

Digitized by VjC ^.-^.;^ 



CHRYSTAL [in HeraUry] » in Ufl* 
lonry by precious ttonet romecimet al* 
loweJ a pUce among rhein, tho' it is not 
proper 'y one ; and is afed inilead of tfrgeaf 
or hlrei , and moft frequently pearL 

CHaYSTALLI'MUS humour [of x^- 
rithK^ ot x/^vf,t ifold, Or.J the tranA 
patent humour oi the eye. 

CHU'BBfiDNESS [ot cob, Sox.^ cite 
bavi.f tuU crocks. 

CHUBMESSA'HtTRS, t Mfabomtan 
fe&, who belrove rhac/^ ri»r40 is Ood 
end the true MefHah, the Redeemer oi 
tbe w >rld, buc wtchoui rendriog him 
tny publirk or declared worfliip. 

CHU'PFINESS, downlflinefs, rurliflefs. 

CHURCH MHitautt the aU'emblies ot 
tbe faithiul thf oii^hout Che etrtb* 

CHURCH TViumphsmt^ the church or. 
company ot the t'ltthtul alreidy in giory. 

Gretk CHURCHES ) the churches ot 

£4>/?rrfi CHURCHES J ell choibceun- 
tTies tormerly fvb}c€t lo the Gr^dt and 

latiu or mjiern CHURCHES, com- 
preheiids all the chuf besof ftmce^ Spain^ 
Butf^ Africa, the Hortb^ end ell octer 
churches where the latins carrfed rheir 

Simple CHURCH, one which has only 
t nave and a choir, with oils; chec which 
bis a row of porticoes in form, with 
vaulced galleries, ani has a chapel ia its 

CHURCH hi d Greek crofi^ one the 
len;»rh of whofe crofs is equal to chat of 
the nave, iu whkh form moil of the 
Grettt churches re built. 

CHURC H Service, i he common-prayer, 
collets, \ffc. ufed in the church. 

CHURCH Service^ was firft fung in 
Er^lijh in the time of king Edm* VI. in 
the year 1548, who purAiing rbereforma- 
tion his faiher had begun, commanded ic 
fo ro be. 

CHU'SABLE [of ceo/an, Stae, oreboi^ 
fir\ F. tochuftfj deferving to be, or chac 
may be chofcn. 

CHYLE [with NMhtraiiftt'] is e white 
jujce in the ftontach and bowels, wfaich 
prorecds from a light and eafy dilTolution 
end lermentation ot the vi&uals. This 
juice mingling and fermentini^ with the 
|pft!I and pjncreatick juice » 6r(i pafiGeethe 
i^aeal Veitiij \ffC' and ec left is incorpceet 
ted ^irh the blood. 

CHYME [;t«>Aw» Of*"] the fame as cb^. 
khout>h ^me diftingnift between chyle and 
chyme, and reftratn thjm to the mafs o( 
food wh^ie in the /lomacb, before it U 
Ibfficleotly eommiouced and liquefied to 
pS% the Fyimrus ioco tht Pugdenum, and 


from thenre into the^ ladeals te he* fi 

tber dilated and impregnated it; 
the pincreiced juice, whe/e ic becei) 

CHY'MIA [of ;t«''*. ^o Bitk, <3r.]i 
refoiution of mixt bodies into thair 1 
mentsi and again, when ic can be do 
coagulacion or redintegration of the fa 
elements into the bpdies, which they d 
fti-tved before $ there are a pant of 
fiiution and coagulation i by the addif 
of the Arabick panicle tf/, it is called . 

ChVmICA l[of >*V ofy 

CHYMICA'tIA fGr.^ medicineip 
pared by Chymifls, to be taken ia tM 
more grateinl quantity. 
, CHYMICO'^^TATlCAL.oforpcrta 
ing to chymiilry and ftaclcks^ tficbym 
fiatical experiments. 

CHY'MOSIS, the arc of preparlnf 
making C^yin^, or the fecoad coocoft 
made in the body. 
, CIBA'RIOUS Iciharius, JL] pera 
iog CO me It or food. 

CICATRICO'Sfi [cicatricofiut ^l 
of. Of having msu>y icars. 

CICATRl'SIVB [with rtyfic'umij 
ficcative^i and tending to torm a 

CI'CATRIX [with AaxeoBx] afcai 
a wound. 

crCfiLY or>f#r Ckeiy [wichil 
nifis] an herb. 

CI'CER If in Botaml a fore of p 

CI'CERA f like chichUngs; cbiche 
vetches. X. 

CI'CER A Ttrtsiriy ptUs made of 1 
pemine unA cream of tartar. X* 

CICERBl^A, a plane, afore ofS 
chiftle. X. 

CICUTA, en herb much like 
Hemlock. X. 

CICUTA'RIA, Common HeB4< 
Cow'weed or Cicely. X. i 

CiDAllIS, a cap of ftace uJed aa 
die ancient Tecfiaiu^ 

CI'LIA lAaatoagi} ciie eye-browi 
eye^ltds. £ 

Cl'MA [with ArcbiteBsJ a mou) 
fomechirg like aa S, what is now a 
an O.O. J 

CIMATJUM7 f with Arcbifefta 

CIMA'TUM f O. G. with cheOJ 
dewnwards^ part of the oraaiqnt^ 
Dcrick capital 5 U ftands juft «b«ft 
fquare, 9r hath a (illec over iu 

CIMBLIA'RCHY fameliarslnm^ 
Amym^dpji^i^U Gr.J a jcwci-hooicti; 
a vettry tn a church. 

aMICA'RiA IwuhBotmP*^ ^^ 
Fke-bimt. i« 


Digitized by VjOOQ IC 


Kara f cftoke. i. 

HE [in Atttntetbffe] t ring, 
Iflr orb vi the cop tod bortom of t co* 
ft^ Mi^ tfte f)mft ac one end from 
l^bi^ tad «c tiie bottom »fO» cb« ct- 

[of cineritHeSy 

|iMie&, iiken^lg to i<hes< 

LENT [emni&itfuf, £.} fiil! 


Ci'lWABAR fin 
^ff^ ♦ 2 Ctymicci ff^ritmpj U 
^^ J ^ ^ exprcfsdbyihclecha- 

' QMtYlBAK Atniiimal, whtck 
MtikiisiB tJw lump, is of • •bro«i'nifli 
Cint'tlot vheB pahrerfxed, U of « very 
P^ftldMn', and€«41ed vermilioii. 

cmaa Mufcmt i^i^ ct^i-] 

■ tOBpdkion of hrtmllbiie and quick- 
Irt tttoi tot etiier • 
CUK^Al'N iiAlitarjittv^'X is an tn. 
■(iiierof btute, by drawing op five 
•aSoBt (eu 10 make e^bt linesi «ri%. 
h^ftii hd^ md rr^r in manner follow 
jLite ad and 4th battalions fonn (be 
ibAeift ud 51b rbe main body, and 
M )j the rear nurd or body of 1^ 

,<»QpEF(yiW [in HeraUty'} are 
Jjowd pift, andfigniiy VW"* or Grifni. 
WqUEPOXT, a fort of fiibiDg-ner, 

Baed from the fire entrances ioto it ; 
^mifmmmt to be us*d io any 
■Korpoaiofrwifc or ftaadii^ water. 
OTHER r»ttb a iii^le K<jr] is one in 
2* dfce Uaie chatafier is eooftanrly 
■iiB imels the jaane word or letter. 
'Wffii [wiibt dotMe K^] II on© 
P^ (ke alphabet or ke^ is changed 
pMoaer ti> each word, and wherein 
|mcd charafteis of ao fif^nifioaDcy 
^JjJ* perplex the meaning. 
fff(fi I with JlrcblteBs ] a pillar 
W»ld cnptioo or ^ravc-ftne. £• 
[with jmi^Mdrki'i a Ikile, 
tefcded in gr«at road< Or ochee 
|22|^ «i iaicription to dfi«A tha 
Of copielerw ibeme-i 
J remarkable. 
I 4aU^Mj a wooden in« 
"^'•^ oimioalsand itavea 

J ibe Fwf j3 tbo 
r-^— «N rvyJf/atid yeryikil-> 
P^iiittihe of ^b«r%i. A nmau 

>.-* "fr nibiccftf and m nvr vxuci 
21^ Ii(^, flie turned ^Cflfa into a 
Mcr, md K^amfofBifd iktcompa- 

C I 

aiODi of Vl^ into divera Ibrtt of beafb; 
Mjitbeiogyis fnpfofe Circe to be a Hvely 
reprefentation of ietdual plaafures, which 
rum men of tke^ beft accompli flimcncs 
into boalls. 

CIRCLES vfExcmfioH^ are circles pa* 
ralM CO the odipcick, and ac fuch a di. 
ftaacefromic* th.4t ibe esEcnrfions ot che 
planet towarda the polea of che eclip- 
tick may be inrJjided wibhin ii ; which 
arc fixed at 10 degrees. 

CIRCLRS of jaamii^ ocherwife caU 
IM Atmiunt^i, are circles parallel to the 
horixoQv having their CQmmon pole in the 
Mnich» and4i;U dim&ntlhiiig as they ap< 
proach the aeoiih. 

CIRCLfiS tflaUlwU^ are great cir. 
doe paiallel to the plane ot che edip- 
tick paHtng through the poles oi ic, a^ 
through every ftar aod pUnet. 

Bararf CIRCLES [in^Ming] are the 
lines wSiab fkew the hours ^n dials, 
rho' rbefe are not drawn cir>:uhir, buc 
nearly ftrair. 

Diurnal CIRCLES [jiftrwrnq] are im- 
moveable circles iuppoled to be defer b'd 
by the feveral^ ftars and other points of 
the heaveos in their diurnal rotation 
roond the earth. 

ToImt circles [Ajirtmrny] are im" 
moveable diclee parallel to the equacorp 
aad at « diftance from che poles e :ual 
to the greateH declination ol the eclip« 

VgreUel CIRCLES, are fuch as are dc- 
feribed wish xhe fanne point as a pole 
in the iiiperAcies of the fpbere, the great* 
eft of afl theie parai;e's is a great circle, 
and the nearer they are to one of iheir 
poles,' the left they are« 

Vertical CIRCLES lia Afirenong^] are 
great circles of the haavens, inierfl-dinir 
one another as the Zenith aoO Nadir, and 
confequeotiy are ac rig^ ao^cs with the 

CIRCLE of the Heaveus IHier^lypbi' 
tally] was adored ty the ancient i^p* 
thut M an expre^oa of che Divine Ma* 
jefty. The roundnefs of the e'cmenta 
befog A rafembleafieof l»s power aad per- 
ieAions s the light .of his wifdom, and 
the oekftial beat of. the tendernefs of his 

CIRCLE [ini'hyficki] is under ftooda« 
mong the Scbootmm ot vic:incude of ge . 
aeratloni ari&og one put of another. 

CIRCLE [in Lq^ici] xhe iailc of an 
aflgameoc that fnppofes the principle it 
fbould proivo, and afterwards p^aves the 
principle by the thing it feem*d to have 

Anna CIRCLE {in X^icl] is that 

nduek io two seuprocal lyl^ogifiu begs 

XZ th# 

Digitized by VnOOQlC 


tb6 meiiUMt which b chd titxt eftn& of 
the gretter exrrenw 

The fiMtmtf/ CIRCLE [in Iq^icib] con- 
fiftf ot cwo fyLogilhis, the iormer where* 
of proves tre aufe by the efieds and the 
lacrer, d e effcA by the caufe. 

CI'RCOS [zit»^ Gr.] m diUtation 
orfwellidg ottbe' veins crooking or wind- 
ing, end trifing in one or more parrs of 
the body fo much tba: the vcha cnreaten 
S rupture. 

Ci'RCUlT, the circnirs ^f the judges 
wete finl appointed by king Henry II, who 
in (he xift year of his reign divided the 
whole kingdom in o fix circuits* ap- 
pointing three judges to every circuit, 
who ibould twice every year ride toge- 
ther, and hear and determine cauies > 
which cuftom is ftill obferved, cho' there 
is fome alteration in the nninber of the 
jodges, and fhitcs of the circuits. 

CI'RCULAR Letters, letters direded 
to feverai perfors who have the fame in* 
tereft in the fame affair, 

CIRCULAR Sailing, is that which is 
performed in the arch of a great cir- 

CIRCULA'RITY, drcuUmefs. 

CIRCULAR Ijnes [with MatbemMh 
ddfu] sre fucb ftrait lines as are divi- 
^d in the divifioos mtde in the arch 
of a circle, fuch as liitri, tangjeats^ fe^ 
emits, ^. 

CIRCULAR VdoCitii [in the Mp» Jfiro^ 
tmvfl a term fignilying that velocity of 
<ny planet or revolving body, that is jnea- 
fured by the arch of a circle. 

CI<RCULARNBSS [ of xircuUris^ 1. 
chrckiaire, F.] roundnefs. 
. CI^RCULUS [with C%m^i] aronod 
inftiument made of iron for the cutting 
of the neik of glafs vefTels. The opera 
tion is performed thu«. The inftrumenr 
fceing heated, is applied to the glafs vef" 
fe]« and Is kept there till it grows hot, 
sod then with fome drops of cold water, 
or a t:old blaft upon it, it flies in piecei 
And this is the way thev cot off the 
necfcs of retot ts and cucurbits. 

CIRCULTJS decemumeimalis [wlib Af- 
trmtamers'] the golden number, or a peri- 
od or revolution o( tg yeirs> invented to 
make the lunar year agree with the folari 
16 thac at the end of it the new moons 
happen in the fame months, and on the 
fame days of che month, and the moon 
begins again her courfe with the fan. 
This is called CtraOus MfetaucMSj from 
Mteton the inventor of it, and femetiows 

CIRCUMADJA'CENt [ofcircimiibouc 
^i»d adjaeens^ L» lying near J lying near, 
all round abom, encompaiSng mm ar 



paiSng round. 

hUatwn, L.Jto walk round abont. 

CIRCUMCE'LLIO, a ragrant. JL. 

CIRCUMCLU'SION, a fliutdog or < 
dofi g all about* X 

eify to be led about. 

CIRCUMRRRA'TION, a wandering 
bout. jL* 

eie (among Gtcmetrkuau] U fuppowd 
be oivided into 360 equal parca, calPd \ 
|!rees, Inppofed to be divided inro6o 
qual parts, call'd minutea. 

fiwiSy L. ] the flawing round about. 

CIRCUMFU'SED [drcmfitfmsy J 
poured or flied round about. 

CIRCUMinriON, a goii« about, j 

CIRCUMOSSA'LIS. the ihrae as n 

tone of words, ufed either whenapr 
per term is not at hand to expreft a tbf 
natural!/ and immediately by, or wh 
a perfon choofes not to do it out of J 

CIRCUMPOSI'TION, a laying rou 
about. Z. 

kind of laying when che modd is m 
up to the boc^, which is to be tak 
off by an old hat, root or ftrong pie 
of old coarfe cl.>th. 

CIRCUMPOTAnriON , « dnaki 
round from one to another. X 

CIRCUMPU'LSION, thetbruftingfd 
ward of boiies ; which are moved I 
thofe that lie round them. 

fcraping or raking off the bark round 

fcarjficatum, X/.] to fcarity round aboi 

[with pbikfopbers'} is faid of a bod 
when it has a certain and determina 
Ui^, or Tlaoe^ with refped to the d 
cumamUent or eacompafEng iMsdies. 
is the fame as tote in place drem^ 

Matbematicimu'i an J^pemteftec a 
its own Jfyn^fMUf and coatains the pai 
cut off within its own proper ipace. 

and fcr'tftms^ LA the being drcumfcribi 

Rl ctrcumfpe£Hon.' . 

fai^ tQbema piaa cinumfpeSivtfy, wb^ 

Digitized by VnOOglC 


>kitttniii oc dnanfeiit W; or 

|9ff,«idi nfyeSt co the dicunambi* 
MiKKOapcfifl^ bodies* 
aVOMSTANCES, the laadentt of 
■ctK, or the puiicoltf ides that ac- 

QtCnuSTANCES [with M/kf^HfW] 
^takm tktt tho' they ere not ef* 
faoi^M aay a&ioa, Jb fet fome w»f 

CICOUSTAKCES properh moral [in 
Afaiif} an foch ts 4o realqr hiflneoce 
« tMiSed feeder thaoi more good 
X ni rka cbBf would be wtiboot i'och 
teltttfc Which wrioert in £ttoft« 

OjCOllSrtSScES pmOff phJic^ C>° 
Ewr] khtt do not conneft toy mo» 
1^ fOQ<or eiii with the t6kion } ts, if 
*.Mb liib another, whether he kill 
■■ nk (W right hand or the left. 

OlamSTANTIAaiTy 7 ihc<iua« 

QlCOllSTA'MTIALNfiSSf iiijr of 
■■ vkirh ii diounftavial. 

^ CttCUMVA^IXATE [aramama- 
1^ i] ro aneneh round a bont. 

QICUMYE'CTION, e carryiog a- 

TtCOtCOMVO'LyE XciremKooifferi, 
*]» nfl or wheel round. 

ulQnfVOLU'TIONS [in Arcbkee- 
^] ^ rant of the fpiral line of the 

CIICOS [la SMif 1 a fpaciout place 
"■^ Ike BoaBO TdUtine and ^divfi- 
^^noed with buildififtt in the iortn 
^< «de, for Che tshibicion of puUick 
jy naod it was the amphitheatre, in 
f^^vcre gatleriea and hoxel for the 
TyM* to k or ftasd in. This was 
"« ^to be boOt hv Tkr^ioeiiu frif 
^* otvuakerwards adom'd aiid reo- 
g|t* e taady end teattrifnl by the 
W^tUmSm^ Cdi^ida and Betipga- 

^I^CBrU or locfci of hair curlea 
•inaeis aUo thaereft offsathexs on 
^^l^ofibmehiids. X. 
. CairGitoas fomf m l-] bear- 
*ljiM bcfci er crefts of feathers. 

CPUa [uifi^ , Gr.] a crooked 
J2*J**f • fon of fwclling, when a 
rj) 'frnfoe of tbe fofaeft of iiecoac^ 
**J^ri oat with mnch thick bloody 
■»■»»« if it woohl burft. 
g^TO [u9witnt^ GrJ a wMee and 
^ywdom ftooo, having cha figure 



GISS AIOTHEMUS [«i«Wvdt#i^,a«.] 
the herb Briony or Wild'-Tine. L. 

CrsSOS [sivv^t Gr.j the herj ivy; 
efpecially chst which grows wtchcui a 

CinriZENSHIP, the dignity or privi- 
lege of a cicisen. 

CITRA'GO, the herb balm. 

CITRI'NB [of citrhuu^ L.] of or fer- 
taioing to, or of the colour of a porno* 

CIRRUS rBetdayl the citron-cree. 1. 

CinrTA [with Pbfficims'i a fanlr in cho 
appeitce» as when wonsen long for thioga 
chec are not fit to be eaten, as chaik» 
coals, iffc. the green-ficknefs. 

Cl'VlCK Icivian, i.. j beloi^iog co « 

CIVICK CVMei, a garland 
that was given by the k^ 
mans to a biave fohKer who 
had faved the life of a feU 
low-citizen, or refcoed h'm 
arter he had been taken pri- 
foner. This crown was made of oaken 
leaves with the acorns on themt if 
they could be had, becaufe that tree was 
dedicated co Jutiter^ who was efteem*d 
the proce^lor of cities and their inhahi* 

crViL, a term oppofite co criminal or 

CIVIL [civiUst JL] courceooft kittd, 

CIVIL, in ret gpnaral ienfe if fomew 
ching that refpe^ the policy, pablidb 

Sood or repofa of the citizens, ci:y or 

CIVIL IVar^ a war carried on bo. 
cween a fadlora in the fame kingdom or 

Cl'YILNESS [crvrlrH'- dinUtdt.t.'} 

CIVILISATION [X/nrcerm] a law, 
aft ok luftice, or jttdgmenc which rendera 
a criminal procefs, civil. 

CI.AI'MABLB, that may be claimed, 

CLAIR OBSCURB [dartfiMr^^ Itai.] 
a term ufed in painting, for the art of 
diftrfbttting to advantage the lights and 
fhadows of a pidure, both co cho ceft- 
ing of cho eye, and the aileft of che whole 

TO CLA^MBBR [of df mam Sdx^J to 
climb or get op. 

CLA'MMINBSS [of dameao, Sax.2 a 
being clammy. 

CLA'MOROUSNfiSS [of dbaMor, tJ] 



^ w^. ... CLAMP [in a ^p] is a pfeeo of 

.^'METHOS Ho HaMKfl eke heib I timber applied to a maft or yard to 
fNWawk I. ' I ftrenorheo it, wid hinder cho wood froBA 


Digitized by VjOOQ t ^ 


€IAMP, t litde piece of weed in the 
fkfblon ot a wheel, uied inftea4 of • pul- 
ley in a mortice. 

.Ct A'MPING [with yoMau] a p«rcicu* 
Ht nuDJier of leciiog boards ooe imo «n« 
other to keep them from warping. 

CLAMPON^fiR [with Borfmen]% lorg 
Jointed horfe, one whofe ptfiexo«are long) 
iknder, and ovei-pllanc. 

A CLANC lclattg0f^ X.] cbe found oi 
% trumpet. 

A CLAP iaapqi\\ F.] a fwelling in 
the groin and privities. 

A CLAP, a noUe by hiKin|; againft. 

A ,CLAP TVapf a name given to the 
rant and rfaimes that drtmatick poets, to 
pletfe the a&or»» let chem go off wick ; 
ts much as to Uft a trap to catch a clap 
by way of appUvfe from the ipefbitors 
•t a pJay. 

CLA'Ppf NG {of c)appan» Saz,2 « ^ri- 
king together oi the hands, yc» 

Q*AR1'NE [in Frendf BrraidryJ h a 
term ufed co expreis a collar oi bellf 
sound the neek of aay iieaft. 

C^A:IU0N [clarh, !«] a fcrcof Ajrill 

CLATtlON lh&fMry2 
fee che figure. 

CLA'SIS [of tojtm, Or. ^ hretkj a 
fcafbire, Aodt' 

€LA^HING,8 noifit of two (words^ 
«ne bitting agaiw another s alio a dil'a* 

A CLATTER fofcteabuji, Ux^J a 
rauJing noi/e. 

CLARI'^ONOOS [dmrifimu^.^ found- 
ieg loiidorihriij. 

Cl.A'RlTUDEfdknr//u^,I,.3 c^mefs, 
j^lendour, brighcRefs. 

CLA'THRATED [clMtbrOut, JL] croft- 

CLAUDICATION, a halting or going 
Uae* JL 

CLAVELLATaS [aeftfWf] the herb 
Trinity er Hearc«-4Mfe. L. 

CLAVl^CULA [BeMiiyl the tendril or 
young (boot of a vine, which cakea held 
•f any thing it can reach. £. 

CLAV-ICUL£ [wiih AttMomifis'i * lit* 
t)e bones that are ikuated at the baHsot 
the neck abo^ the breaO, on each (ide 

CLAVI'GBROUS [ofcbna aciub» and 
fffw, LJ] bearing a club. 

CLA'VIS, a key ( a To the direaion 
ao the opening, aiid^scypheringa cxpfaer, 
•» «iy itcrec wriuag. 


CtA'TOS [with OcuH/ffJ t Hftfchtf 
fwelling in tlw corner of the eye. 
CLAVUS [with pbjficiansl the fame a 

CLEA'NLlNBSS[clawiiliciierre, Stoc. 
cleanncfs. ' 

CLEAR-Kf/iwi [ ill opffc^i ] is caufc 
by a great quantity of rays hi the fini 
pencil, inlighcenfng the cOrreTpondea 
.^olnii of the image firongly and' Tied 

CLEA'RNESS [cirfrf/, F, cUtrltttsX 
a betng clear. ' 

eLi^CHe 7^ [in ik- 

CLBTCHE'Ef ratdty i 
aa a Crojs CtetMe ; fome 
fay ic is an ordinary pierced 
throughout, i. *. wbe<t the 
whole figure ie ^o perfora- 
ted, that the chiet fubftance ir lot 
and nothing fs vifible but ihe ver 
edgesr but Cohmhiere fiys, it U acroi 
fpreading from the ceme'r towards ^ 
exiremiiiea, which are very wide, in 
then pod in an angle, in the middle c 
the extremity, by lines drawn from ih 
tw^ polnta that make the breadth, d 
they come to join at reprelented in t6 
'figar« annexed. 

CLE'DONISM fof *Xii<r.V, Gf . a rt 
port j a ^iad oT dtfinatto n drawn frof 
'words occafionally uttered. 

CLE'DONISM [of jtXa/wV a rumoQi 
and ami a hird] a fort of dtvxnacion a 
mong Ike andenrs, foppoCed to be ^ac 
the lame as OmithoM^tBi^. 

CL^l'DBS r«xsi/if, Gr.] keys. 

CLEl'pfiS lin Anatomf} the danA 
or channel bone, joined on each 6de t 
the cop of the breail, and to the fbouldei 
blade, the neck oir throat-booe. 

CLEI'DION luXaJ'Uf, Cr.2 the fto) 

CLB'MA r [ twi 

CLEMATITISI" or fprayola iit< 
« young branch or fboot. ' 

CLSMATl^nS Twith B&tai'M ^ 
more efpecially applied to fevera! plani 
ctaat are full of twigs as the vine, ^ 

CLEMATITIS Da^midti iBotOBj 
the herb periwinkle. " 

CLEMATITIS pagk fiords ihe f a£o 
flower. L. ' 

CLEMATITIS fax»^tf7/7ar, Gf.J i 
herb, wbofe leaves sure like ity, a /oj 
of birthwort. X. 

CLB'MENCT Idemmid, 1] was el 
teem'das a goddefs, and the l^oeun r< 
nate ordered a temple to be dedicate 
CO, her after the death ot JuUus Cf/k 
The poets defcrlbe her as the goafdfl 
of the world, (he h reprefemed hold^ 
a branch of laureL and t fouxg lo Oe^ 


Digitized by VnOOQlC 



AffMJep^ and ficy beloagM frfnci^ l-tbn, felofit «)c! other offsndera tterett^ 
^i^iififtorioiis wArrtes. I rti}*ned uponauy pvrbUck crime. 

aMNTKfiSS i amende F. cl^l CLERK ofil?^ croim [in the couit 
■E« tj eenc'enefs, courrefy. [of Cbancery] an officer who coDcinoallf 

QXUSsnSB, one wko hts been 9 
^i&rpcrior, and alcerwardc ceases 
vkfc^ 194 bcoomei a private monk 

ObyMA [ wich fi9£tfi(/}i] Che herb 
fi*-*«(: or BiAcworu JL 
' ClEXGY [L. litvj the appeal of a 
J* •; dei^y, or his tppeai to an In- 
waea:} for iu anctem times a clergy* 
■M^cowifiai of frlony before a 
wJMi^ V9S allowed the prive- 
J|li^|f9lRf c/cr^> chat is, to pray 
Ivk oigbt .« delivered co hie ordi- 
■711 char hiffiTclU but this privilege 
iveir t vtt aKoweJ co ali pe^fons 
«■& of Aicii telony, at this benefit 
*>■ (ffKcd ♦or. This privilege was, 
*» » rk prilbner heiag fee to read a 
jw » wo in a iMm hook, in a G9^ 
w alxk d»r«£br, conunonly called 
saKk>?eiie, tnd the ordiniry of /»#- 
|*««feci«d o the coort, i^it er^- 
"^ i.r. he reads like a clerk orlcboUr, 
■in only b<!fK ia the hand, and then 
^*w; tB- by a hce a& of parUament 
^<ii9tt ot iemp of$be clergy ^ has 
■Aotea away in moft caies, except 
jT^^ ^'oeeia, s one who pitys his 
*p Nk>:e )Od*menr, 

CUBICAL CroMi, anciently a round 
««tkiir tfavd ofitaroutid the head. 

cut! [ot the A&s belonging to the 
*S]noficw, who receives and en - 
"uL^ commlffioi-s and warrants of 
^^ sdauril^ and repiOeis the ads 
** <Weu of the comrotilioi.ers of tbe 

Jj^trof^^j 80 officer who 
^K tfiihiegs judfculy dooe by the 

fl5?* «f tbe Check \\n the i{ij^'# 

^Jttoliccr who has the check aoH 
?j2*ott»t of the yeomen of the 
2JJ» *»d all eclter ortiiaary yoemenoEr 
2? 7^"« to the kiqff, Jgrc. cither 
J?|wc or allowing tfeei* abfeuce ot 
4??^ or «tifninilhii^ caelr wages 
^ *la«ae. 

^B^ 'ftkeCiofity • divine, ochtr- 
7 ptii Cmfefir fo bU Majefiy, hii 
2f<<toicteodat the kings right head 
22 ^1^ iervice, co refolve ell 

fpiriioal matters co 
^ thB liing in his private orato 

tbeCrami] aa oAcer of 

[hij^i-Btnebt who frames 

iodi£li(iiiui aggia^l irai< 

artetids upon the Lord CbanCeilor, or 
lord Ke^iTy either in his proper per- 
Too or depoey, upon fpecial matters of 
ftace: alfo all general pardons upon grants 
of chem at the king's coronation 1 or ac 
a parliament, the writs of parliatnenc> 1^. 
are returned into his office i he Mfo makct 
fpecial pardon, and wcics of execution 
upon bond of ftatute ftapie forfeited. 

CL£]jLK ^ftbe Errors [in the King^s 
Bench 1 an officer who trcnlcribea 
and certifies the records of fuch caufev 
in that court, into the exchequer, if th« 
dufe or adion were by bill. 

CLBRK of tbe EJJoigns [in the court 
of Commm Pleas'] an officer who keept 
the i^^s kollt prov&es the parchment 
cuis ic into rolls, delivers it to the pro* 
per oAcers and receives them again whea 

CLBRK of tbe Sjfr^ats [in the of- 
&ce of the Exobequer] an officer who 
receives the eftreats out of the hrrd Trea^ 
furer's tbmembrancer's''Oficet and writes 
them ouc to be lev/d for the king. 
CLBRK of tbe Bamper\luii\io thoM' 
CLERK oftheHanaparf ceiy2 anof- 
cer who receives all money due to the 
king's majefty for the feals of charter^ 
patents, commiifions and writs ; and like- 
wife fees due co the officers for enroll. 
ing and examining the fame. He is oblige 
ee to attend on the Lord Chancellor, or 
Lord Keeper^ in^ term-caiio daily, and at 
all times or fcaling. 
CLERK of the Juries 1 [in the 
CLBRK cif tke Curata Writs | court 
of Common fleas an officer who makes 
oQt the writs called Habeas Corpora^ oxA 
Distringas, tor the appearance oi tbe ju- 
ry either in the court or at the affizes* 
after that the jury is impamieUed or re- 
turned upon the yenire facias* 

CLBRK or MSartial [ol the Kin^s BoufeJ 
an officer who attends the marihal in 
his court, and recoMs all his proceedings. 
CLERK of tbe Market [of tbe King'§ 
Hotife} an officer wbofe duty is co cake 
Charge of the kii>g's meaiures, and to 
keep the ftandarJs ot them.) that is* 
exan»ple8 of all tbe a»eaftire« thit ought 
to be throughout the land. 

CLBKK of tbe i^cbiU [in ch« E^ 
chequer'] an officer who makes a roll 
ot all fuch fuxM as aretiichiled by the 
iberifF, upon the>r eftreats of green wa« 
aiU delivers tbem into tbe office of the 
Iprd Treafurer\ BjemembranCery in order 
to have execution done upon them iot 
llbeking^ CLERK 

Digitized by VnOOglC 

CLBRK fof the TarUment] one ivho 
records aU ch-ngsdone in ihccourL of par- 
liimcnt, and engroflcs them fairly into 
parchmcrr rolls, tor the better prcfcrving 
them lo poftcriiy. There are % ot tbefe, 
one of the Boufe oi Lords, thd the other 
of the Commons, . ^. , 

CLERK of the Outlam-tes [in the court 
of Common Fleas} an officer who is de- 
puty to the king's attorney general, for 
jnaking out the writs of Capias VtUga- 

CLERK of the Fe4«;^ [belonging to the 
Stiffens of the reace) an officer who in the 
fcffions reads the indiaments, CoroUstbe 
aes, draws the procefs, kf^- ^ , - 

CLE^K of the Tell [m the Exchequer} 
«n officer who enters tellers bills into a 
parchment-roll called FeUis Rtceptorum. 
sod alfo makes another roll of payment 
called FeUis Exituum, in which he eiucrs 
down by what wananc the money was 

''^CLERK of the FettyBag [in Cbancein} 
of thele officers there are 3, and the mailer 
o£ the rolls is their chiet : Their office is 
10 record the return of all inqmUtions 
- out of every (hire i all liveries granted in 
' ihe court or wards, all o«^er les mams, to 
make all patents for cuilomers, gaugers, 
I cootioUcrs, kfc, fummons for the nobili- 
ty and burgefles to parliament j coromif- 
fions to knights of the ftirc for fcizing ol 
lufidies, yc> . . ' 

CLERK of the Fife [in the Exchequer} 
mn officer who receives all the accounts 
and debts due to the king, being drawn 
out of the xemenabrancer's office, and en- 
tera them down into the great roll, and 
writes fummou to iberifis to levy the faid 

CLERK of the Fleas [in the Exche- 
^uer2 " "D officer in whole office the ot- 
ficers of the court upon fpccial privileges 
l>elonging to them ought to fue or be 
lued upon any adion. 

CLERK [of the Frity Seal] of thefe 
officers there are four who attend the 
lord Keeper of the Frm Seal^ or rhe. 
priocipal fctretary if there "be no privy feal } 
and alfo to make out pfn^feals upon any 
ipecial occaHon of his majeily's affairs. 

CLERK [of the Sellers'] an officer be- 
longing to the commiffioners of fewers, 
who is to write down all things that they 
do by virtue of their commifhon. 

CLERK [of the 5f^iirt] an officer who 
continually attends upon the principal fccre- 
tary of ftaic, and has the cuftody of the 
privy jiKnet, which is as well for fcaling 
bis majcftys private letters, and alfofuch 
grants as pais his majefty's band by bills 
figned i of thdc their axe four* 


CLERK <f the King's filver pa c 
court of Common FUasj an officer wi 
receives all the fines, after they have be 
with the Ciiftos brevitm, Urc, 

CLBKKeftbe Treafuy {in cbe court 
Cemmon Fleas'] an officer who has 1 
charge of keeping the records of l^pr'n 
has the fees due for all fearchcs, ibc en 
tifyingof ail records into the kifig'sbew 
when writs of error are brought} mal 
out writs of Juperfedeas de nmmolefiam 

CLERK [of the King's great tTardrok 
an officer ot the king's boufe tbat keeps 
account in Writing of all thioga bcloogji 
to the king's wardrobe. 

CLERK of the IVarrants [inihecoi 
of Common Fleas] an officer who com 
all warrants of attorney for plaiutiff • 
defendant, and enrolls all dee^s of iodi 
tures of bargain and (ale, acknowledged 
court or before any judge of the court* 

CLERK of the Supetfedeas, an offic 
of the court of Common Fleas, who mah 
out writs of Superfedeas (upon the defie 
dant's appearing to the exigent) where 
the Iheriff is forbid to return the exiga 

-CLERKS, thecompa. 

ny of clerks called Farj/h 
Clerks, is andent, and 
fland reglflred iu the 
books ot Gwld'halL 
They were incorporated 
the 171 h of Henry III. 
Their arms are axare. 

a flower-de-luce or, on a M.eiguUs, 
leopard's head betwixt two books 
Their creft an arm extended, furmoum 
on a torce and helmet hoidiog W fijsi 
book open. 

CLE'ROMANCY [of «x»^ aadAu 
tm'a divination J a foothfaying or fornin 
telling by lots, by throwing of dice or H 
tie bones^ and obferving the poiari • 
marks turn'd up^ 

CLBKO'NOMY[cXrtr««MiiiV. L. oLm) 
^nfi(U^ Gr.3 >° heritage. 

CLEVE 1 at the beginning or end 

CLIP or ^ the proper name of a pla< 

CLIVB ^ denotes ic to be a rock 
fide of a biil» as Cleveland, Clifm, SU 

CLEVER felUm, one that has a km 
at doing or devifing any thing. 

To have a great CLEW [ Sea tani 
faid of a fail, when it comea ffoerfog 
flopiiig off bydegreea and is Dreader 
the clew than at the earing, which ii t, 
end of the bolt.rope» in which the fiiil 
fow'ed. . 

Tbjprtadajpreat CLISW I Sea tern 
is (tin of a fhip chat has a ver^ long yti 
and fb takes up much canvais lo her fai 

CLB W Ganct [ia • ^if] a rope vbi 

Digitized by VjOOQ l^ 

^rife ^ to the clew of ft fall, and 
MtlBee nm in t Uodk or pally hC 
Mi»!teaiid(l1e of x^ main and foce* 
N» de ofe of ic h co bale op the 
WfAefai] dofeto the middle ofche 
jHftwter toitf h^nf, furled. 

ttViiif [in 1 ^'ipj IS the fame to 
••fliiiiad fprk-fai!i, that the clew* 
i|t«i »tte maittaitd fofe-fail. 
••ffpaH^] a cfertain chirafter 
JMrhceeoa one fid6 of tte lines, 
iilliftKof which the propCT places 
Jj*ter wres in aify rune or fong arc 
•••Alhy^ovii^ the 'fatd notes from 
*»i Kcordi]^ to the fcftle of the G^tm- 
•^hwUchire ftmtainrd three fepre- 
■terflicm, G. A B. C. D. E. F. 
•tttewi fctitthebeginniiig ofcve- 
^i^milfux, k^it to exprefs as ma 
■^#«4ffj; bnt onlv four of thefe 
2i^ «W pbced ai the beginning of 
•wei of ercTT leffon. 

f^ CLIFF [in Mi^k} U the firft 

(iC«<isiuxJ^ibas§ beti« only 

npfcf tie Kafs dr lower part. 
>ljf htt CUFF, [in Jlfj^tBooli] 

iMri Ab !, and is the Second cliff, 

* jg>i>U T to the inner ot middle pVt«» 
•■JfcK or conncer-tenor. 
<} Vint CLIFF ilaMi^cl Books} 

^fctliri c^f, aod it thus raarkda § 

^iowliiaetwone, which belonga 
*J«i»«tieh.e or higheft pgr r. 

ir^ 1 it applied to all 

.■ftleai CLIFF f parts lodiffBreM- 
jj^pofeny bcii^g only to ihew when 
■■ J« » be fing or piayM flat, or 
a*Pp Tli€B«^ orJB-jfa^iadif- 
IPW bjr this cteraAer C^)» and the 
►Jor IMwrjis thus expre^fod #. 
.GffT[»iihlfcr>hif»] i, adeficJiocv 
■* aew, fort tad rough, oneren hoof, 
JV^othorlM fact upon the iioof- 

25? I [*«*». 4/ironomert3 for 
JJ*r^TE f ihediftiiiftion of placet 
Li i?" 'ffflperitnce of air, accord^ 
PI*** fitflttioo, ate w4bol» globe u 
rjzL* 48dimatet, a4iidnhern,94 
g^ fccmdbg to the iocreafe of 

Sis.* ***• ****** ^y '^ fommer* 
'S [a\j^TKi«, Gf.>a kind 
that movet fidelongf and 
•htc it before it* 
CLIMBER [with Botaiifis^t 
ijj^, tfnan tad witty exprei&oni 
JB^'C (of a^a 4 bedj i^ it now 
^VifiKkoi imk wko prettadi to 


htve learnt the method of curing direafeii 
by attending on the (ick. 

CLIVICE fof itX/n»,(Jr.7 that part of 
^yfick that refpefts bed- rid people. 

Ctl'NKERS, thofc bricks that by having 
much nitre or falt.peird in tbem fand ly^ 
ing next the fire in the clamp 6r kiln) ny 
the Wdlence of the fire, run and aregla- 
zed over. 

CimOPCyDlUM [of *Xin»a bed, and 
TT^r, Gt, the foot! f^c herbPuliol, 

CLlVO'SE {cUvofus^ L.] fiill of clif6; 
fteep and hanging downwards. 

CLITUS, th<i ftee^ defcenc of an hill } 
a clift. i. 

CLO'DDINESS [clubbfnc/ye, Sax^ 
being fnll of clods. 

CLOD Sak [at the Salt iVotks] t caktf 
that fticks to the bottom of a par^ and ft 
tiken out once in 44 hours. 

To CLOD [of clu«, Ate. or \Utpt>ik.'} 
to gather into clods dr Ifimps. 
CLOF .-7 [of cloujgh. Sax, a fiU 
CI OUGH f" fufe or opien paflage iti 
< LOW 3 the fide of a mountain] 
being, added to the name of a plice, inti- 
mate I it to have btsen liich a fort of a plaice, 
as Clougbton. 

Cioq litikfigtirat^eSAfi'} a load, i 
let, a hindrance. 

CLO'GCINESS t a being apt tO 

CLO'GGINGNESS J clog or hinder. 

To CLOSE [c'yjfan. Sax.] to <Jonclndi 

or end ; to agree with 3 alfo fpoken of i 

wound, to tend to healing. 

CLOSE [in Heratdry'i figrdfies an^ 
thing clofed or tndofed, arid li ufed to fig- 
nify the clofe bearing of the wings of fucli 
birds as are getierally addifted to flight* 
as the eagl^, falcon, l^c. but it is not tifed 
of thep«acock, dunghill- cock, j^c. It U 
alib uied of horfe-barnacles or bits, when 
they are notc*tcnded, as they are ofually 
born, as a Bamacle-clofe s and alfo of an 
belmer, «s an helmet-clofe, i. e* with thd 
vifor down. 

7b CtOSEapii^ej^ly [with aJr/f- 
men] is when a horie ends a p^flade witii 
a demitolr in good order, well natrowcd 
and bounded, and terminates upon the fame 
line, upon which he parted ; fo that heii 
ftill in a condition zo part from the hand 
handfomly, it the very laA time or mo- 
tion of his demivolt. 

OLO^SfiflESS [of elf jrart,'*S'«;to clbfej 
the being rlrtfe. J' 

CLOT fclub, Sdsf.J « cted Of lurtip. 
CLOTTED, in elo?b ot lamps. 
CLOTrt rS^ terHfrJ-^a ft?p li faid /tf 
fyread much clotbf when fl»e has broad 
lailt ' • . 

CLOTMIBR [of cla^tn, Stt, to tlotUeJ 
a 9l9thwork«r. 

Digitized by LnOOQlC 



were incorporated the 
ixd of king Kemy VUI. 
^imo 15 Bo. find is the 
izih company of the cify 
of J/mdon* Their arms 
tre/aUetf chevron et' 
mm in chief, two crab- 
bets argent^ in beife or 
beazel er. Their fnpporters are two grif- 
ftii, their creft a ram on a torce and hel- 
met I their moito, Mf truH is in God 
tfloRf . Their haB is on the ieaii fide of 
Mittci^g iioie* 

CLOUDS [whence they cake their name 
it not certainly determined ; Somnerus de- 
fives them of club. Sax, a lump or dod, 
f . d, clodded vapovrs s but Aunfhev of 
cUtttiere^ L, to (but up, becaufe they ibuc 
«p the iun from us. J It is a queftion 
among philofophers, whether clouds or 
thick fogs are compounded alike, or whe- 
ther there isfomethiog more in the clouds 
than there is in thick fogs: Some are of opi- 
nion, that the clouds are grofler than all 
fogs, and that they are com^ofed of flakes 
of foow, rather than panicles of water, 
fnch as fogs are made of. Others again 
are of opinion, that the clouds are only 
a dofe fort of fogs. And indeed thofe 
fofis that hang upon the tops of very hieh 
"liills, appear to people that are on plafiis 
to be all one with the clouds $tho* thofe 
that are at them perceive nothing but a 
chick fog. Clouds then are formed of 
▼apours raifed from water or moiftnre, or 
thofe eshalations that afcend from the 
earth, and are no other than fmall bubbles 
detached from the waters by the power 
of the folar or fubterraneous heat, or 
both. And being lighter than the atmo- 
fphere, are buo^d up thereby till they be- 
come of an e^al weight therewith in 
fome of its regions aloft in the air, or 
nearer to the earth. 

The clouds then are higher than fogs, 
•nd hang in the air, and are carried about 
in it by the winds. They are alfo of jrari- 
otts Sgures; fometimes fo thin, that the 
fun's rays oafs through them; they alfo 
Appear of feveral colours, as white, red, 
]grc. andaUb iometimes of very dark co- 

As to the hangins in the air, it leems 
a matter of fome difficulty to account for 
thar't becauAs all watery particles, of 
which clouds eeofift, are heavier than air, 
to that were there nothing to hinder, they 
would fall to the earth. But there are 
two things that are fuppofed to bear rhem 
tap. The ML is che winds, which blow 
.4rom all pans under the region ot the 
ilouds^ and do wia» thra }mu abous «a- 


ny lighter forti of bodies i ttpeci»it§ 
thofe bodies contain but a fmall auantit] 
folid matter under a broad luperfic 
Thus it is commonly feen how esfily b 
paper-kites are kept up bjr the wind w 
they are mounted pretty high, and io 1 
manner the particles of water very m 
rarefied may eafily be fufpended at i 
height, xdly. There are new exhalati 
and vapours perpetually fuming out of 
earth, and bv their motion upwarda I 
der the clouds from falling or dcfcendi 
unlefs the denfity of the clouds prepoo 
rates. And fo we fee, that the vapooj 
the fire carries lighter bodies up the chj 
ney ; nay, the fmoke of a fire in a chim 
IS sble to turn a thin plate of iron, cha 
artfullv placed in it, fo ftrongly, as 
turn aoout^ fpic and roaft a ^ece of m 
of a confiderable weight. 

As to the colours of the clouds theyt 
varied according to the fituation of the i 
and way of refie£iing its light in refpe^l 
us. The denfity of the clouds proceeds fir 
the clofenefs pf the vaporous partides < 
to another, and their thinnefs from i 
diftance of thofe panicles one from ai 
ther, of which there are ieveral caul 
When they are very thin, they leave 
many interflices, that the rays of the i 
dart thro' them in many places, but > 
intercepted in others. 

As to the figures or forms of the doa 
all their vanecy arifes from their plei 
of vapours, and the influence of the I 
and wind. For it is impoffible for thi 
to be varioufly condenfed, rarefied and c 
ried about in the airj and their figures i 
to be chtnged. 

Clouds are fufpended in the air, becai 
they confift of water rarefied by the ht 
of the fun iiito fleam, which fteam bd 
lighter than air is carried ujp by it ii 
the colder regions, where it is again cc 
denfed into water, and from that h 
ice and fnow, which becoming too hai 
for the air to fupport, breaks into piec 
and descends by their fuperior weight. 

Auddouds fwim in the air aa fhips 
fea i for the air being thicker near i 
eanh, and the particles of a dood \ 
thin, they are eafily born up; but, acooi 
ing to the greater or lefler we^|;bt of 
doud, and the iettiog of the wind, ic fit 
or rifes. 

When the particles of the ctoo^ * 
fo thick chat they can no longer be kept 
by the refiflance of the air, then are ti 
condenfed into water and fall dowa 
rain. Sfe Cctideti/atioit tnd VdMr. 

CLOU'DY, overcift with donds; a 
looking mor«(clyf 

.,._., ^oogle CLOTI 


CUWrTERUNESS [ prob. of dut, 
la. t clottcj ill-fftfipenBe6, baagliog" 

ClOWKS ifiifftfr4< [wiihBotai^lislt 

OOVNSIVMclr, gtrticlr. 

aOAWSHNESSffofftAmw, X.] 

CLOWNERY ftv&ick behayiour. 

ACLOB Mby Tern, clubbe, &»>'] a 
kifcor chick ftick } ^iTo t comptny or 
teyofferfoDs who sieec coge(h«r to 

€10%E&£D, dotted cogetber to lit- 

CWMK [proUbly of cUttiy, T^at.] 
tMMckgH, one void of comaon (enfe. 

CUrusiNESS, Oiortnds tod thidmels. 
JIOWIUNG, producing dufters. 

, (iOTCHES, tht htndt dnccM } alTo 

jWTCIH/t#d, htyiif grett domfy 

atW>N [«)Mf/«f , Gr.] • floating in 

OniENON f water.betonyjjIiC 
■>^«wl»IDtitnl orptrk.leftves« X.* 

ttlFBlFO'RMIS [with MUettorologjifis'] 
^efcoaet rcfembliog « lliteld to 

Ul-Wfljl f ijon or wafliing, a dy- 

OnuoDA'CTYLUS [with ^«m(#. 
mitti&le. oiherwift called £r(0i/dr 
*!jj|5»**r digitorum. 
I-VWCUS [jt>i*^, Gr.l the herb Saf- 
!«of:ke gtfdCD. baftard ot mock^f- 

[oB bovd t magjhipl the 


•re of a late incorpora- 

cioa. They have for (heir 

•rmonial enfigns a»mi^ a 

chevron between J coa- 

I ch^s or The crelt i% 

' Pboebiia drawn in a cha. 

^- riot ali of the xd, and 

^WKtf X h<nitt argent armed €r» 

■lr«to fi^ wMa rbJmu Their 

J» diiof the scriveners* 

I eoadjMmeiUum, 1. ] 

EgOTRlXy m flie-belper with eoo- 

tA'NEOS [coiMWM, Z.} which 
'^ftne age with one. 
VRMAL Teadterrms. X.] co». 
^^olly ettiw wich another. 

COA'VOUS [A>^evii/, I.] of ^tht fama 
age with another. 

COAGULATION [in Chymea mU 
tersj i$ ezprefled by thefii charaaers^ 
H H. 

COA'GULUM, whatever Tervet to joia 
thtniet together. X. 

COAXTERN IcwOtermut X.] red* 
procal, mutual, by turns. 

COAT [coMtf, nal cotUt F.l agar- 
meoc worn commonly oppermofti alio 
the outfide of fruit ; Alfo a thin cover* 
ing laid or done over any thiqg, at a coat 
of fine mould, ^. 

COAT fof 00^, Sdx* an hut or cot« 
cage, bfr.J denotes that the place, to 
which it is added, was denominated 
from a cottage, ^. in chat plac6. 

COBt a forced harbour for fiiips, as th« 
cob of XiiMf in Doffedkire. 

COB, a foreign coin, the fame as g 

COBA'LES, a fort of Demons in hu« . 
man thape, who were called Satyrs^ and 
faid to be accendaots to B^biu* Some 
relate, that there are at this day many 
of them in&mmtt/tf, who hide themfelves 
in houfes, and are ready to do any office^ 
for the people that entertain them, that 
are to ezpefted from the beft of fex^ 

COBA'LTUM Tin Mtdk'me^ a fort of 
mineral of a blackifli colour^ and a cau* 
ftick quality I it confifts of filver and 
arfenlck, and is, as it were, the mother 

CO'BBLINGNBSS [of lebUt, Dm.'} 

CO'BWBB, a web made by fpiders, 
very probably andencly called Coh$, 

COCH. [in DoSors Bill} fttnds for 
cochleare^ i> e. a (poonfiil. 

COCHINB'BL from, an infed en* 

Sndered in the fruit of a throb five or 
ioot high, called TomiMi there an 
whole plaoiacions in GwflimMa^ and other 
parts of the Spa^fhlVkft Jnditt; on th« 
top of the fruit grows a red flower, 
which, when mature, falls on the frutTy 
which opening difcovera a clift two or 
three inches diameter. The fruit thea 
appears full of little red infe^, having 
wtngs of a fiirprifing fmallnefa. The /«- 
diau (bread a doth under the tree, an4 
(bake it with poles, till the iofefts are 
forced to quit their lodging* and fly about 
the tree % but not being able to do It 
long, they tumble down dead into th« 
COCHINBBL Orem. n a red berry 

nring in America^ Jouod in a fruit, re 
lii« that of the cechineeUtree or 
ipmuu the firft flioots produce a yellow 
^^. Y % iewef f 

Digitized by VjOOQ IC 



flower, the point whereof^ when rl^ApoUo^ bectufe he glares notice of hb t|i^ 
opens with a cletc of three or four inl proach end of btfeak of 6tj. *"** 

ches. This fruit is tull of kernels or grains, 
which tall on the Icift agitation, and which 
the Indians cireluUy (lacher up ; eight or 
ten ot thefe fruits yield about ao ounce of 

This berry yields a dye almoft as beau- 
tiful as that of the infca, and is fo like, 
that a perfoQ may eaiUy be deceived in 

Mecbanicks j a 
TcrcWjOne of the 
liz mechanical 
powers s it is 
drz'M cylindrical 
furrowed furtace 
be convex, the 
fcrew h (aid ro be 
both a male and 
female fcrew. 
Where motion is 
to be generated, 
the m«le and fe- 
male fcrew are 
ali^ays joined 
that is, whene- 
ver the fcrew is 
to be ufed as a (irop^e engine or mecha 
ftical power, when joined with an axis 
in Peritrochio, there is no occifion for a 
female ; but in that cafe it becomes part 
of a compound engine. 

CO'CHLEA lArcbiteaiire'] a winding 

COCHtEA'RiA [in Botany^ the herb 
^poon-wort or Scurvy-grafs L 

COCHLEA'RB, a fpoon [in Medicine^ 
t fpobnful. L. 

COCK f with Heralds] GtdUim fays of 
the cock, that as fome account r^a queen 
and fwallow or wagtail the Lady, fo 
may I term this Knight among birds; 
being both of noble courage, and always 
prepared for the battle, having his comb 
tor an helmet,' his iharp and hooked bill 
for a faulcheon to Pa(h and wound his 
•ncmy, and as a complete foldieri armed 
C^ape^ he has his legs armed with fpurs, 
giving an example to the valiant foldier 
to expel danger by fight and not by 

The Cocky fay others, is the emblem 
of ftrife, of quarrels, ot haughiine^ and 
0f y'x&oxyi becaufe he rather choofcs to 
4iq than yieki« and cheyefore he is called 
the bird of Mars* 

• The Coclt. crows when he U conqueror, 
and gives notice of h\% conque^l.. If he 
be vanquiOi'd, he Ibuns the light ami fo- 
<ietp ot men. 

They allb 
dedicated him to Mncury/ ts beto^ tk« 
emblem of watchfuloels, fummooing nM 
to their bufmeis by Ms crowing. Tbi 
cock is generally placed on the topa ol 
fteeples, and called the weather-cock, tG 
intimate to prelates, that they aie oe 
watch over their fiocks. The Cock u tU 
herald ot the day and the centinel of chi 
nighty and is fa«rn in coat-araiour by 
many families. Tne Gaidt took the coci 
for their firft ftandaad. and wore it oi 
their helmets for a creft. 

A COCK (HieroglyfbiciO^'i fignifiedi 
noble difpofttion ot mind, ihere being at 
bird of a more generous and ondauntei 
courage at the ijghc of imminent dan< 

COCK FIGHTING, the original e 
this fporc is faid to have been deiivn 
from the Athenians, on the foUowing ec- 
caGon : When Tbemifioeles was marchiDf 
his army to fight the Perfians^ he by tb 
way efpying two cocks fighting, cauiiDi 
his army to behold them, and made tfai 
foliiivving fpeech ro them: Behold thej 
^ht for their ho^fhM-gods, f» 
lumenis of their anchors ^ nor fif 
glory y nor fqr lihertyy nor fafety of ton 
cbildrem hut only becaufe the one wk 
not give way to the other* This fo en 
couraged the Grecimty that rhey fopgfc 
flieiiuouHy and obtained the viSonr Of« 
the Perjians i upon which cock-^htii)| 
was by a particular law ordained to b 
annually praAifed by the Athenians » an 
heme was the original of this fpon I 
England derived. 

COCK-HOHSB [ of coc, in the la» 
guage ot the BrigantineSf highj a big 

CO'CKAROUSB [among the Virgimi 
ittdians^ it one thf t has the honour to t 

(lis army 


of the king's council with rebtioo t 
the affairs of the government, and hi 
a SiP^^ fliare in the adminift ration, fl 
muK all pafs through the BuslanoM bi 
ioie they can arrive at this honour or I 
of the number of the great men* Si 

COCKS-COMB iBotdnsf] the lierbe 
fo called Yellow Raicle^graff. 

COCK-LOFT [probably of coc bi^b 
of J J M. a roof] an upper Uk o 

COCKS [with Marinersn are Cnt 
fquare pieces of bra(s with holes in thes 
which ar» put into the middle of laif 
wooden ihivecs, to prevent them fire 
fpiitcing aud gallxng oy the pin of ri 
block or pulley on which tfaeytiinu 

^Tbc ancients dedicac«d (he cock to A- COCK IVecd [Boiaay} atf herb< 


Digitized by VjOOQ IC 


tmm [of codrl uppi A. 
OOUISHNESS, unnltoefs. 
Ccyo^UET, t bean, a galJiOt* tit 8- 

wi^ or gnertl lovers alio a wanroti 
■tfa, who keeps fevenl lovers in fuC' 

COCY'rUS [JUHUIT^ of T« M»ltl/flV, 

0r. niaoeoc] this is one of the rivers 
j[kei;, wkicli (according to the poets) 
l»i OK of Ayr, and is fo caUed from 
w bBeaiicioQ the dead make tor their 
l«Bifjfri^es, aod the dread chey have 
•awe pnuAineata whi«h t|icy will 
J^£ad a ter ihcy have pafs'd over the 
■J^ftreiBS 01 TbiegetlKm, 
WDDT [cobtJi^, Sax.^ having pods 

<^J)E f of codfz a book of aaidex 
«n^cr lijnber of a tree, becaufe 
« Boob of the anciems were made of 
^ Hi rheir leaves were Ibroething 

rnlf ^^ ^ooki] a volume or book. 

w»H [9xnoa% laiyeri] a ctrtain book 
•»»»'>« of chf ancient Homan law. In 
J" 0K» the pleas and an/wcrs of the 
••yen were b loofc fcroUs or theers 
J|iJ»»i*a5«nt or paper. Thefe the em- 
F*arMBttr« having colleded aUd 
2^»J« * book, called ii Codex, 
■■TOr ficc9 xJth book by way of e- 
•*« ku been called the Code^ and 
f*^ied the fecond volume of the 
J*" «i»fl lav, and contains twelve 

J^ meter of Ir^ cipecially ts to the 
•" ejk books, is pretty near the fame 
StLP*^'* but in thefe things it 
T^ w«, u to the ftile, which is not 
^^; a. lu method is not fo accu- 
?««»;fa£ of the Digefii , 3. in that 
V"™esmatcert of more common ufc j 
r^ili* more abftrufe and fubtJe 
,C°» ^ Ike law are difcufs'd in the 
'WS, "nd tkfre are the opinions of 
:^*« lawyers upon them, and fo 

IfcS?* J^"** ^* w»«y arguing, 
rj^ w 10 tke generality of man- 

J^iWs reafoo ^ufimtm composed 
^rj* ^aiife he found the Digeft 
^^2 plaoe* too fine and fubile tor 
JJrV*f*dalfo very defedive and 
jj^ as i*t deciding many cafes that 

JiJ*'^*"* .compiled from the an- 
^. ^ w^rminations of 56 emperors 
ndlSk many of which were 
Bikilfiil lawyers, as the famous 
ii» iL*** '*"** others, from the 
*«e empcior Adrian to JiifthuatCt 

Jj2^ ^^ *° *^" ^^^ ^^c^ «f« 

|2!^*^^blngs fully and diOinaiy 
! l^«* which befoU were f uher o- 


imrted or too briefly haodled* 

The Tbeodofian CODE, is of gooj oft 
to explain the other Code^ which cannqc 
well oe underflood without it. This was 
held in great cfteem, and was ufed in 
the IVi^em pans of Europe for feverai 
hundred yetrs, as Mr. Selden relates, after 
that law was in 4 manner ditufed and for* 
gotten \ but now the Tbeodofian Code h 
alio grown much out of uie. 

CODOSCE'L/E [according to RO^opi- 
us] venereal buboes in the groiij. 

COE'CUM lAiuUonq] the blind gur, 
the Hrft of the chick imeflines, fo called 
becaufe made like a fack, having but one 
aperture, which ferves it for both ea- 
tranv'e and exit, X. 

COEFil'ClENCY [ of c<>^rViix, X. J 
the caufing or bringing co pais togpther 
with anorhcr. 

COEFFI'CIENTS [in AJgehra] era 
numbers pre6x*d co letters or fpectes in- 
to^ which they are fuppofed to be multi- 
plied I and therefore with fuch letters* 
or with the quantities reprefented bf 
them, {hey make a re&aogle produA, or 
cofiictent froduSion ; whence the name, 
thus 6ab implies that the quantities re- 
prefented by ab are multiplied into the co- 
etficient 6, and that out of chelb x thtt 
reaangle or produa 6ab is formed. 

COETIA [xo/A.iA, Gr, Anat.i fignifie< 
any kind of original cavity in an animal 
body ; and hence diieafes feated in cho 
cavities or venters of the body, are cal- 
led Cediack affe&otu. 

COE'LIACK [of «sA/«,Gr. thebcllyj 
of or belonging to the belly. 

COELl'GENOUS [cffl^^eiu, JL] hea* 
ven born. 

COE'LUM Heaven 3 with jinatomifttj 
the cavity of the eye towards the cor- 
ner. X. 

COE'LUS [according to the Pagan The* 
oic^j was the ancienteft, the greac 
grandfather (or firft) of all the gods [in 
the Greek called OJ^rerJ he had % fons. 
Titan was the! elder, and Saturn the 
younger i the laft of which committed a 
moft impious a£lion, by cutting^ off his 
privy parts with a fcythe, to deprive him 
0^ the power of begetting, and threw his 
genitals into the fea, where, by the con- 
tinual agitation of the waves, it finding 
a favourable womb amoiig the froth, they 
fay the goddefs Venus was produced ouc 
of the bleeding genitals. 

Hefiod fays, his wife F</?tf brought forth 
many fons and daughters, the names of 
which were Codu, yapetus, TbeU, Hype ■ 
rion^ Tbeais, Mnemofyne^ fhmbe^ Tetbys^ 
Satumusy Gigast Titar^, Brontes, Iffc. to 
the number of 45* Of ihele Apollodorus 
^ fays. 

Digitized by vjC — j. •- -^ 


fays, CmUu married T^rtf ((he BArth) and 
had bv her chree forts of children, i. «. 
the gianrs with xoo hands and 50 heads, 
called Briareusy Gyas and C<tus ; z. the 
Cyclops and cbe Titans^ of whom Saturn 
Tiras che youngeft. 

LaSatttius fays, cbac Caba was fome pcv. 
tene and afpiring prince, whotffe£lirg co 
k a god, called bimfeif che fon of che 
smbient sky: and afcer him cdtur» 
thoughc it no lefs glory co be che fon 
of UeaveHy whofe vaft concavicy contains 
all things immorcal, as well as thoie li- 
able CO corrupcion. And chat che lupreme 
power was confcr'd on him for his lin- 
gular prudence and policy s rhac bis de- 
throning happened in che ^%A year of h^'s 
reign, and thac he was buried in Oceania 
<fuppofed CO be Ctite) near che town cal- 
led Aularia. 

COfiNCysE Icmofus, I.] filthy, mud 

COENOTA'PHIOMT [of ««'»(^ emp- 
CENOTAPHIUM f ry and rdf^- 
tt fepulchrej an empty comb or monu- 
ment, erc&ed in honour of iome illuftri- 
>ous pcrfon deceafed, who perifhing in 
Ibtpwieclc, baccle or che like, his body 
could not be found to be dcofitrdini'. 
COEQUA'LITY \ [of CO£qualit, 1.J 
COH'QUALNESS J a being equal with. 
COE'RCIVENfiSS [ ol coercere^ L. ] 

COE'RCrON, a reftraining, t keep- 
ing in ^ood order or decorum. 

COERU'LEUS, a, urn [with Botamcl 
Writers'] of a blue r->lcur. 

COESSE'NTI ALNESS 1 fof cm and 
COESSfiNTlA'LlTY X ijfetuia, JL ] 
the being of che fame eflence with. 
* COETA'NEOUSNESS [ of con aod dtas'] 
the being of the fame age with. 
COETETIN ALNESS \^loicoetemei, R 
COETE'KNITY f the being e- 
ternal with. 

CpEVA'LlTY, the being of cbe fame 
•ge or duration. 

COBUR fin UeraJdry] as 
Party en caWf figiiifics a fliort 
line of parcition in pale I'n 
the centre of the efcutcheon, 
which extends but a little way, 
muih Iborc of top and bottom, 
and IS there met by other lines, which 
form an irregular parcition ot the efcur- 

COEXI'STENCB [ of con and exi/ien- 
tia, L.J the exiliing at che fame time 

CO'FFER [with AtcbiteBs'i the low. 
crmoft pare of a cornice, or a fqvare de- 
preHVire or finking in each interval, be- 
tween the modillioii of the Cor ml loan 


cornice, ofually filled wfch a rofe,forae 
granarc oi ocher inrichmenc* 

CO'FFIN [of a Bmfe} is che whol 
hoot of che fooc above che coronet, in 
eluding che coffin-bone, che fole ih 

CO'FFIN-BONH [ of zHorfe 2 '» 
fmall fpungy bone, inclofed in cbe middl 
of che hoot, and pofleffing che whole fon 
of che foot. 

COFFIN ef Taper J a criangolar piece 
fuch as grocers put up pepper, }ffc, i 
form of a cone. 

COGS, che ceech of a mill-wheel 
alfo a fore of boac ufed on the rive 

CO'GENCY \ [of cogency JL] tb 

CO'CENTNESSf bei^. cogenc 

COGITATION [wifh che Cartifiam 
whacever a man experiences in himlell 
and of which he is confcious ; as all ch 
operations of the underftanoing, wiJl, ina 
ginacion and fenfes. 

COGNATION, kindred, affinity, alii 

CO'GNIZANCE Iconaajftnce^ F. cog 
aitio, Xj knovu ledge. 

COGNISANCE, a badge of arms on 
ferving man, or waterman's fleeve, Ibew 
ing that he belongs to a parcicular mt 
fter or fociecy. 

COONI'TIO prajudicialis I in Chi 
Lam'} is a debating ot a poinc chai hap- 
pens accidentally before cbe principal caofi 
can have an end. X. 

CO'GRITAL Vne [Avtr^tftioa] a liiy 
draun from che angle of che cenue u 
that of the baft ion. 

COG-mm, dealers in Cogr^are. 

COG-ware, coarfe cloths anciently ufet 
in the north of England* 

COH A'BITANT, one who iohabics wid 

COHA'BITANCE [6[ cohabitore, IJ] i 
cohabit: ng or dwelling with. 

COHB^RENT Difeourfet^ are fuch dif 
coucfes in which there is a connextoi 
and agreennenc becween cheir parrs. 

COHERENT Tfopcfittms^ fuch cba 
have fome relation or agzeemeoc the cm 
wi[h the ocher. 

COHE'SIVBNBSS[oftfofc<efpre,r.J co- 
hefive quality. 

COI'NCIDENCE 1 [cmaddefHt^ 

or jumping cogechet* 

COINS 1 [with frhaers] certaia 

QUINES I fmall wedges ufed tc 
faften the whole compofure oflecterali 
che chafe or frame. 

COl'NOBITE I Mnflmtt of ateiv®- 

CB'WOBITE f common aod )3A©-,Gir 


Digitized by VnOOQlC 


\&]tHS^£fn perfoa wbo lives In a 
aBveK,]5t. Qoder a cercain rule, con« 
111:7 to aa Ittrxnic or anchorice who lives 

COCKER, t bosc-maa or wttermaD, 

CODERS, fiibenDeas botes. 

A CO&£S, a meet fo«I, a nboy. 

ToCOLAPHl'ZB { cgiapbix*^ X. of 
■M<», Gf.] to buffec. 

COUTTlCfi C<>^ «t)irfirr«,JGr. to 
one] ibe an of carving figures in fione. 

CO'URlNfiB ArcbtteSureJ the little 
kae cf tbe capital of the Derick and 
^cm oahmm^ placed between the aftra- 
ni Mi Che aoiiiilecs» alio the §rlo or 
|B| « tbe lop of iIm (haft of the co- 
n Rxt CO tfa« capital. 

COTLCmcaM [with B0tmifis} mea- 

moSlSS fceattwiejjre, ikr.] the 
key cold or qualicy ok cold. 

OKLONESS FotgtU'ua, is a relative 
fiSkj^ which pUuts, Jgrc* are fappofed 
to bie. Thus a plant is faid to be cold 
a Ik fecond or third degiee i not thac 
ti ji iBbaSiy cold to the touch; but in 
■iciDfis or operational if taken in- 

ToCOtLA'BEFT [colT^&e^m, £. ] 
coMc, 10 deftroy, to wafte. 

COai'^ED [ CoUapfus, X. ] fallen 
don cogecher. 

COUAS Bmm {ill Carpatry} a beam 
t^ei crofs^ betwixt two prtocipAl raf- 

CQUATERAL [in Geti^ai^J any 
flitt, c3Qouy, )9V. finiate by the fide 

COiUTBRAL romts [m Ctjfmogfa- 
I^J ifcihe tntennediate poincs* or thofe 
sKveea the cardinal poims* 

fm0j COLLATERAL Tents, are 
feb as ate removed by an equal angle 
Mctck fide, from a cardinal points. 

teidary COLLATERAL romU^ are 

' <IA« (hole which are eqoally dittanc 

^ t ardinal and firft primary ; or 

i|rily diftaoc fromfooie cardinal or pri- 

W^ ad firft feeondary. 

CttlATERAL Defant. U Ringing 
«Kiite fide of Che whole blood» as 
gnidfiAij's brocher, }ftc» 

CQLUTERALS [in Geneatc^J are 
§A rchdoM as proceed .from the fame 
M kec act in the fame line of afcen- 
te er defcendhats i hoc being as it 
Ifei aide of each other. Thus uncles, 

R i atta s, coqfini, are collaterals^ or 
coUareial line. 
: OlLATEKAaiS Tims [ jtiatom^J a 
1*1, echcrwife called EreSor Fms. 
iHU'nON [is « iBgtcai yV# J a 


comparlDg one thing well with afiotHef- 
COLLATION [i« Common Lam] thm 
comparifon or prefentation of a copy to 
Its original, to fee whether they aro 
alike ; alfo the report or aft of the of* 
ficers who made the comparifon. 

COLLE'CTION [with loglciant\ tft 
inference or cooclufion. 

COLLE'CTION <f Ijgbt [with A- 
Jhoktgertl is when 4 principal fignifica* 
tors behold not one the other ; but both 
of them caft their fevei*al afpefts to « 
more momentary plaitec than tbemfelvet^ 
whom they each of them receive ia fom« 
of their eflential cigDities; fo thac cho 

eec, which does thus colleA their lights^ 
^ fies in their judgment the accom^ 
plifhing of a budnefs in hand between ft 
perfons by the mediation of a third* 

COLLE'GATARY [CkulLaafJ apcr- 
fon to whom a legacy is left in coa« 
mon with one or more perfons. 

CO'LLERED [ in Heraldry J figntfiet 
wearing a collar, as a djg coUered, Atfc. 
^ COLLET [of » Rin^l that part oTit 
in which rhe ftone is ier, the Bevi 

COLLI'CQLUM lAaat.] the fame as 
nympha. M^ 

COLLIERIES, coal-mines, 

COLLIGAnriON, a gathering or tying 
up together. JL 

COLLINS A'TION, a leveUiag at, or 
aiming to hit the mark* L. 

COLLlQpANS F^tris [ with rhffid^ 
^nr] Ts one of the kinds of boming tevers* 
but fugh a one as they fay, by its ex* 
ceffive heat, fuddenly melts the fat fleOi 
and fubftance of the folid paru of the 
^^yi oay, fometintes even the very 
blood in the veinSf and difcharges it bp 
infenfible tranfpiration, as fweat, uriotf 
or ftool. I« 

COXLIQUANT [cMqumt I.] coa- 
faming, wafting. 

To COXLlQjJATB IcMqmum, IJ} 
to melt, confume or wafte. 

thus, L.} waftinpnefs, coniumingnefs. 

down, t. 

To CO'LLOCATE [of cciioeatum, L] 
to p'ace, to fct, to appoint to a place, 

COLLOCU'TION, a talking toge- 
ther. X. 

CO'LLUM. a neck. L. 

COLLUM mhuu uteri [iln^.] the ca- 
vky of the womb next its incernr^l ori- 
fice, wheie it is more concraSed than 
it is at the bottom. JL. 

COLLYRI'DIANS [ of xtXXe/^*, Gr. a 

cakej a fed who ou' of an exeravaganc 

devoiigp co the firgin Maty^ met on a 

cer^aia day ia Um yc^r to celebrate a 

^ folems 

€ O 

folemo feaft, aiuifreDder <)iTin6 honour fls 
A {u>dder8, eating a cake, which they of- 
ftrni in her name. 

COLOCASI'A [xlXfJutW*, Gr.'] the £- 
g^ptioH bein. 

COLOCVnTHIS i;if»XoKb»9i>, Gr.] t 
kind of wild gourd whofe apple is called 

COLOMfi'STRUM IBotml the hefb 
Dog-bane. ^ -^ 

COaON [with Anat.l h one of the 
thick gurSy and the Urgeft of all, being 
in length about 8 or 9 hands breadth, 
«nd full of little cells, fometimes (luffed 
with wind and other matters, which 
caufe pains of the colir. 

COLONA'DE [ArchiteaureJ a range 
of pillars running quite round a liuiljir g 
moo ftanding within the walls of it« or 
a portico of pillars, fuch as before St. 
Peter** church at Rome- 

Poljfiyle COLO^A'DB, h one whofe 
number of columns h too great to he 
taken in by the eye at a Angle view. 

COLONEL lieutenant^ one who com 
fliands a regiment of guards^ whereof the 
lE*nS> prince or other perfon of the Erft 
eminence is colonel. 

Ijeutenmt COLONEL, 11 the fecond 
officer in the regiment, who is the cap- 
tains and commands in the abfence ol 
Che colonel* 

lieutenant COLONEL of horfe or 
dragoons is the firft captain of the reg'- 

COLOPHONl^A [with Cb^mifU. of 
x«Xo^>, Gr, 1 the top of a thing, the 
chief, the end, Z. the caput mortuwn, 
or grofs fubftance of turpencino, the more 
liquid part being diftilled into oil. 

COLOPHONIA ri^; a kind of to- 
fio iifuing out of the pine-tree. 

COLORBASIANS [of Colorhajiius their 
thief] t branch of the Gm^'icIh^ who 
improvM on the viiions of the Gnqflickt 
that preceded them. 

COLORI'FICK [colorificus, 1.] mak- 
ing colour, colouring. 

COLORISA'TIONI f in Tbamacf] the 

COLORA'TJON J changes ot co- 
lour which bodies undergo, by the va 
lious operations either of nature or art, 
as by calcinations, co£iions, Jflf^. 

COLOSS. See CoU^us. 

COLOSSE'UM [at Kome^ an amphi 
theatre built by the emperor Vefp^tan, 
capacious enough to contain loooco fpec- 
tators to lit round the Anay i. f. the 
place where the beads were let loofe, 
anJ was ihe plare where St. Ignatius was 
expofed to the lions. 

COLO'SSUS, a ftayie of prodigious 
fize, as chac of Apolh or the Srni in the 

c o 

harbour o( the ifland Rhodes, That 
Rhodes was made by Chares oi Afutt 
iejjer, and was the work of 12 yeai 
and was dedicated to the Sim. It cc 
about 44000 pounds Englifh money, 
was placed at the entrance of the hi 
hour of thi ciiy, with the right fo 
ftanding on one fide of the land, and c 
left oh the other. The talleft (hips wi 
their mafts failed into the haven b 
tween the legs of it, and when le w 
thrown down to thb ground by aneart! 
quake, few men were able to embrai 
the little finger of rhts prcnligious ft 
tue, the brafs of which it Was ma( 
loaded 900 camels. 

CO'LOUK [color^ I.] IS a <Juality 11 
herent to naturil bodies, whfch are fa 
to be fo and fo coloured : as others d( 
fine colour, an accident that happens 1 
them by the reflexion of light ; alfo con 
plexion. looks; alfo pretence or filcar 

COLOUR [in HertfMryl colours a^e gc 
nerally red, blatk, blue and purple, whi< 
are called as follows: the rrd is caM< 
gules ; the hlue^ »tuTe\ the biackJafU 
the green^ vert or finople ; and the ftn 
ple^ purpure, tenny or tatmey^ %nd fa 
gufue fometimes, but this is not commoi 
and thefe colours are fometimes oiherwi 
exprefs'd's gules is called Marji i axiir\ 
Jupiter s fahle^ Saturn j verty Venus ; pu 
pure, Mercury » temty^ the Dragons bead 
and J Anguine the Dragon* s tail* 

In precious ftones^l<i^i• is called ri(i^ 
azure, fappbire i fable^ diamant s wn 
emeraudi purple, ametbyft\ temty, bfi 
cyntb i indfanguine /ardanix^ 

COLOUR im rhilofopby] a proparr 
inherent in light, Whereby,,accord?iigt 
the ditferftnt fizes or magoirndet of Ij 
parts, it excites different vibrations i 
the fibres of the optick nerve ; whk 
being propagated to the Jeflfirinm,* 
ie£k the mind with different ienfacioe 

COLOUR of Office [law fhrafe] i 
evil or unjnit aft done by che com 
tenance nf office or authority. 

CO'LOURING [with ratnters'} tl 
manner of applyiiig and condnfttng tl 
colours of. a a piaure i or the mtxtn 
of lights and ftiadows form'd by the n 
rious colours employ'd in a painting. 

Empbatical COLOURS f according f 
the ancient Natural Pbilo/opby'] ire (i 
they term them) thofe apparenc coloui 
frequently fecn in the clouds, bcferef« 
rifing or after its fetting ; the «« 
lours that appear in the rainbow, (^ 
thefe thev will not allow to be tn 
colours, becaufo ihey are not pertnanai 
or laiting* 

Digitized by LjOOQ IC 

, c o 

IW C0LOORS» are fmaU lUgs of a- 

to< idoc isd ft&ii fquare, carried alorg 
bie^iiter'jiitllergieneralfof mark- 
|ae lAe grouxul ot cbc iquadrons and 

mouRABLENESS, pUudb!ene^s. 
COLPi'ClA.!ars or youo^ p les 
1^ ff«;o s, «hich when tfaey are ctjt 

fnaifo im^it whicn che iohabiranrs 
iMcljb» ci.l Colpiceu 
COlPlNiiACU 1 faccorciiog (o thr 
LODtf'DACU r praafck of ^«N 
Mf tfMft cow or bcj/er. 
i COITS tOOT [BotOBji] an herb good 

[COLTER [cult-p, SMxk] a piece of 
kftbtte|u| CO a plough ch«c cuts cbe 

COUmi'MA [Boimf] the berbBti. 
•>r « ¥»t*-?iae. Z. 

CGUTtitlNE fca|M6rMici» 1.] of or 
^^ ' 5 to & ierpeot j a'fo wily, crafy, 

I COLUMti'NA iBoUa^} cbe herb Bafe 

\y»XWa!V&lcoluahinia»LJ} of»like 
pMititiai CO a pigeon. 
LmOMN l^olmma^ ^J « '^und 
rt» betf up or beauciiy a build - 
|i Bifar ifliomanenc of (ome oorable 

^OADIW [in Ardnttamel inaEria 
^litiK bag, louod cylinder* or pare 
lapS«,Tbich is caUedcbe Atf/r or 
liL lai cdocaiiis the body of i: i'rom 
1 1^ ID tlv bde, or from che a^ra- 
» ii (»e bsfii to the chapiter. 
*JfM COLUMN, U the (horceft and 
>b(^o( all the columns* its height, 
'^^icMHXzi, is li fflodoles^ to 
Ijt 14. 

OLUMN, ia foroething more 
) ia beifht from 14 co 15 mo- 
kmA it adoffned with flutingt« 
■"^T COLUMN* is the ricbcft and 
eot tU. its hetghc if 19 mo- 
Jucipual if adorned with two 
4llMiei aod with caoUcoIes, from 
^»ol«ti do fprioj out, 
JyCQlUMN, if more delicate 
«Amc, itf height if 17 or iQ 
.yii diftiogniflied irom chaieU 
Uw-Mct to iif capital, and by its 

M|*COL(JUN> ic height if 19 
WW tf 20 modules* it hu two 
EJ> liMCt in tis capital like tbe 
I ad toguiaz Tolmo like the 

» — J {lAL Att] if a loog file or 
![J***P*» or of the baggage cf an 
**« march, 

^^ [''"^ Trinteti] \$% part of 
P vidld by a Uoc, u ibf pag«f 


in tbifl book are into two coInmiB* and 
others I -co 3, 4, Jjrc. 

Cylindrical COLUMN, a column that 
has i.ciiher we i^ng nor diminution* 

Aftic COLUMN, a pilaftcr inAjlaied, 
Aavim^ foui e4iial faces or tides and of 
rhe ie^>eft pt op virion. 

Angular COLUMN, if an infulated co- 
Ijmi'^ placed in the coin or corner of a 
poftico, or inieired into the corner of a 

DoufUd COLUMN, is an aflTcmbUg© 
of iwo columns, joined in fuch a manner 
as 'h«c^ the two flia^ts penetrate each o- 
ther with a thirl of their diimecer. 

Rifil>le COLUMN, is a column made 
of fome met-1 o; matter caft. 

Hjidrauiick ( OLUMN, a column from 
the top oi which a jet d'eau proceeds, to 
which the capital ferves as a bifon, whcnc© 
the water defcends by a little pipe, which 
cun.f fpiraJ y 1 round che fliafr. 
, Moulded COLUMN, is one made by on of giaVcl and fiiots of divers 
colour!, bound to^e her with a cemcnr, 
which growfi perte&ly hard and receives 
a poll 'f .like maible. 

Traii/yarerU COLUMN a column made 
ot fume cran'parrn: 4lab.>fter, \ffc. 

IVater COLUMN, one whole ftafr la 
tormd ot a V-^^^^ jet d'eau^ which fpouc- 
ing out water lorcibly from the bafe drive* 
ii within the tambour of the capital, 
which is made hollow, thence fa ling down 
again it Has che eiFed of a liquid cryf- 
ral column. 

^ COLUMN ofjoinety^ is made of flrong 
timber boaids, j<^ined, glued and pinned 
together, is hollow turned la the lacJl 
ana ufually fl red. 

Liertifiated COLUMN, is made of fe- 
veral ribs or chin the Is of nn^ marble 
or other rare (tone, cenrtenre* upon a 
mold of ftone, br'ck or the like. 

Aflrcnomical COLUMN, a kind of ob- 
feivat'>ry in rorm ot an hi^h cower, built 
hollow, and with a fpiral afcent ro an ar* 
miKary fphere, placed at the top for ta- 
king obiervatio>f of the courfes of che 
heavenly bodies. 

CaroliticX COLUMN, ft one that is ad, 
omea with foliages or leavef or branches 
turned fpirally around the (haft } or 2^ 
crow:>f and feftoont. 

Bimini/hed COLUMN, is one that be- 
ginfl CO taper or dimiuifli from the bafe 
i,i Imifiiion of rrees. 

Cantoned COLUMNS, are loch aa are 
engaged in the four comera of a fquartf 
pillar, to fupport four fprings of an 

Coupled COLUMNS, are fuch at ai%^ 
difpol^i by twQ ajl^ (we^ fp m aUnoii a 

Digitized by VjOOQ IC 


to touch each other «t their boles tod 


Cbronohgicdl COLUMNS, ire fixrh ts 
bear fome hiftorical infcripiion di^efted 
according to the order of time. 

Gemmated COLUMN, a column whole 
ft afc is formed of three (imiUr a»d equal 
IrHec or ribs of ftone, fitted within one 
another^ and faftened a: bottom with 
iron pins, and at the top with cramp- 

COLUMN of Mafimy^ U made of 
rough (tone well laid and coloured with 
plareer, or of bricks moulded trUogular- 
Wife anH covered with Jfuc* 

COLUMN mtb Ta/rAours, is onewhofe 
fbal'c is formed of feveral cocrfes of ftone 
or bloiks of marble lefs high than the 
diamcccr of the column. 

COLUMN in TVimcbeensy confifts of 
chte^s, four or five pieces of ftone or 
tncTal, differing from the tambours, be- 
ing higher than the diameter of the co- 

Fluted COLUMN, ts one wboTe (baft 
is adorned wiih flutes or channeUings, 
either from top to bottom, or only two 
thirds of its heighr. 

Cahlcd COLUMNS, are fucfa at have 
proje^ures in form of cables in the na- 
ked of the Aaft, each cable having an 
effed oppofite to a fluting, and accompa- 
nied With a little lift on each fide. 

cabled and fluted COLUMN, one wbofc 
flutes are filled up with cables, reeds 
or ttates, beginning from the bottom 
of t^e ftaft and reaching one third of its 

Fluted COLUMN eimcb'd^ a column 
whofe flu lings are filled up with orna> 
ments of foliages, riodt, ribbands, J^rc. in- 
ftead of cables. 

Col/o^ COLUMN, a column of an en- 
ormous fize, too^ large to enter any or- 
ionnancc of archiiedurc, 

Goibkli COLUMN, a round pTtlir that 
is ei her too fl)ort for its bulk, or too 
ilendcr for if s height. 

Hermetick COLUMN, a fort of i^lafter 
in manner of a Ttrnunus, having the head 
of a mo.n inftead of acapitaL 

Htfiorical COLUMN, is o«e whofe 
Ihafc ts adorned with a lajjb relievo, run- 
ning in a rpiral line its whole length, and 
containing the hiftory of feme great per- 

HoUev COLUMN, is One that has t 
fpiral ftair-cafe on the infide for the coo- 
veniisncy of afcending to the top. 

Indicative COLUMN, one which ferrtt 
to fliew the tides, (grc. tk>ng the iea- 
Mverary COLUlilHy a colamo credM 


hi the' crofii ways in large rcmd^ M 
fcveral faces, which by th« aoicr^ 
f6tre to (hew the diflerenc roan. 

LoAtry COLUMN, a oohaani li 
herb-ma rkec. at Xeme, having «. c 
in its pedeftal where young children, 
put, being abaodoned by cheir ps 
either out of pover:y or infauaBaiia 

It^al COLUMN, a coluoan wii 
the tundameDca) laws of the ftste-i 

XiMFlroplNMU COLUMN, one rbac i 
the bounds aod limits ot a rouiKfy 

Umanoms COLUMN, a kind oi ca 
formed on a cylindrical frame, anoi 
and covered over with oiled papftr, 
fo ihat lights being difjpoled ia rani 
ver each other, the whole appeals i 
on fire. 

j;€eifi^/iiry COLUMN [of cMASiK 
rpoijs of an enemv] a^ column ad4 
with trophies in imitation of trece^ 
which the ancients huog the fpoila o 

Median COLUMN, are two coli 
in the middle of a porch, whoie ai 
columniations are larger than the re 

M^e COLUMN, one that is 
fliort for the order whofe capital it h 

Memorial COLUMN, a column u 
on account of an? remarkable even 

Pbo/j>korical COLUMN, a hoUow 
lumn, or a light-houfe built on a iot; 
the tip of a mole to ferve as a Uui 
to the port. 

Mpfina COLUBfN, a column ade 
with beaks or prows of ftips, and 
leys with anchors and grapnels eif 
CO preferve the memory of iowfi nM 

Septdcbral COLUMN, a coltunii er 
ed on a tomb or (epulcbre^ with a» 
fcription on its bafe. 

Statmrry COLUMN, one which iitpp 
a ftacue* 

SjnAobca COLUMN, a edunnrai 
fenting fome particular coonrry- by k 
attribute peculiar to it, as the FlOUR 
JtM tor Ptance* 

Crouped COLUMNS, are fach ati 
placed on the iame pedeftal t>r fock^ 
ther by 3 and 3, or by i| aad 4. . 

Gnomomck COLUMN, a cytfnd« 
which the botir of thi day is ci^cfi 
ed by the fliadow of a ftylo. 

Ijegai COLUMN, one on which 
fundamental laws of the ftate were' 
graved. ^ \ 

Nicb*d COLUMN, is one whole I 
enters with half its diameter tfttoaW 
which is hoUowvd for tea leoepuOB*' 

Digitized by LnOOQlC 



fi BMy viiii kmrhs •ad fcooop 

Hgrnm CQUIMN, om Umc has fe- 


m COiOUN, on« whole ftaft hts a 

iMfci dK pha of it being mado oTal to 

NlBte fffO ;€BI1 DC. 

t tari COUUMN^ f»e which bean an 
It «fc«ok the alhct of ibne deceased 
lit fappofed to be iodofed ; and the 
if vfaidh it fomecimes over^ftad 
or ianas, which are fymbolt 
tf anjv aid imanonaUry. 
rffnd COUJMM, is ooe chat is at- 
pJBiipt waD bfathlrd orfoarchparc 

- l^tetf COLUMN, ooe that ftands free 
M kaOii BO all fides from aoy other 

- i0fmm COLUMN, a colann foimed 
itf I ierftus twifled tc^ther, the heads 
tf ^Kfc fcne St a capital* 
k h^ COLUMN, it one which his a 

or fveOiog in proportion to the 

of tie Atft. 
^Wd, COLUMN, is one whofe (baft 
a MM ravsd in maoBer of a Tcrew, 
■to fa circBBiroltitions, and is for the 
■i Mt of the Cmmlbm order* 
*ftjU.AKid COLUMN, fs a cotamn 
VfeifrlBes follow the contour of the 
■Mt^inl Koe thioughoiit the whole 


Ihifc IS 


^•iiorier farichmems. 

giyiaf COLUMN [among the Jn- 

■ a I of w hich the join is of the ftooes 
f w* i4i weie adom'd with as many 
^* <• te had made miUtary ezpedi- 

I***** COLUMN rof f •Hiflff, Gr. 
•■I Wm creatures J a ftatuary co- 
^«a«lKh Che figure of fome ani- 

IfMfllNXcanM fiteitaM] feve- 
^^"^^^ ^^ ^^ veoifides of the 
2^^idrt ts b were from the pa- 
f*^^ «eBWJclea» and conoeded by 
12^^ tBrcaiicifls to the calves of che 

2*WU'RIOOa r^olMMirui/, 1.1 
fajjf piHars. 


COLUMN, eoe th* thtft of Igratni and boil*d pulfe, made in honovt 
HiiiiefBed in isBltacion of chetfttik of the faints, and for the fake of cbe de^d. 

COM 7 [of the Bntijh word &ujo, 

COMB > which ftgnihes low] at (he 

COMP J beginning of cbe name of a 

place, jntlmaces that the place ftaods low, 

as Coettoii or C9mif^mu 

CO'MA [s«/M, Gf.'] the hair of ihe 
Jiead, a bufh of hair. /«. 
I»li aifciob the albes of ibaoe deceased COMA [wfiA, Or 3 deep fleep. Z. 
MBUtfappofedtobe iodofed; and the COMA Sonmulentorwn [!• e. the deep 
Mif vfaacfa is foDietimes over^jsad fleep of the drowfyj a deep fleep, ijoc 
kHaa or iamas, which are fymbols A>^ great as a lethargy, and not attended 

with a lever, out of whicby when the pa- 
tient is awaked, he anfwereth to any que* 
ftiona that are asked him, but prefenilv 
falls into a deep fleep again, with htt 
mouih •pen, anil under -jaw £allen* Z* 

COMA'TUS iBoUmy] a wilding, the 
crab- tree. Z. 

COMBINATION of i^uantitiesf the 
many feveral ways that may be taken in 
any number of quantities, without having 
, _ any refpeS to their places. 

»or fweOiog in proportion to the COMBINATION I in AritbmeticlJ U 
of tie Atn. ^ _ the arc of finding how many different 

ways a certain {•iven number of things 
mav be varied, or taken by i, and i, z 
>&d 5, Iffc. And thus the combinations 
of the ^4 letteis of the alphabet, firft 
taken z by ft, and 3 bv J, and To on, 
has b^en calculated to be i39ti7%HA^ 

888,7»5,999,4»S."S,493,4«a.«>o i39 
millions of millions of millions ; and fo on. 

COMBINATION [in Z4Bpj is theen* 
terii^ of feveral perfons into a confpi. 
racy, to put in pradice fome unlawful de«- 

COMBUST fTof [with Jifttologers] h 
the fpace of the half of IJbra^ and all Scot* 
pi0, fo called opoo account of feveral vio- 
lent and iJl-bodtng ftars, that, as they 
pretend*^ are fixed there ; fo that they 
aocouot it onfortunatOi and weafaening to 
any phmet rhat happens to be in ir. 

its* X. ] aptnefs to take fire or bum. 

COMB [in Botayf] the herb Coat's- 

COMEDIO'GKAPHY [of m/am^U and 
>0|ff>». Or. a defcription or wiuing] the 
writing of comedies. 

COMEDY [of »*/u« a village and »^h 
a foogi be^'aufe romicdies were firll ad* 
ed in couDcry villages] is sn agreeable 
repreientatioD of the a£kions of human 
li(W It is reckoned part of the great 
poetry on account of its end, which is 
inftm^ion as wdl ss pieafore. For men 
will fecoer be laugh'd out of their fo!. 
lies thae beat out of them • and there- 

^ w .-—^ — tore comedy will arrive at the end of 

^TIa [a^^'Ce, Or.J aDoffeiingaf; dcttQati<k poetry ^'^^m tkiMavtgtAy.rh% 

Z % three 

~WJm mHUd mdiarkbed, is a < 
2^of w^h ooe thifd of its A^ft 
■ii^ «l iht reft adorned' with bra 

ij'totfi'A, Ike kather or 

white, kef* 

Digitized by VnOOglC 


three unities of tftioo, cime ani plied tre 
leqaifice in ri^s, and cherefore whatever 
aAion is compuund, wht{«ver cinae ^bove 
vrbar is neceHdry (or the reprefencadon, 
whatever /cene is removed r*:^!!! one ftreet 
to another, or one houle to another, break 
the ry<es, or are ajtainft nature. 

That wnich d'iu»|^uiihes our comick 
f oeiry trom all others, and gives it the 
•dvmcage over both the anc'ents and mo 
derns, is humour, which Mr. Dryden thus 

It is the ri.iiculous extravagance or con- 
verfatioo wherein one man diiiers from all 

Sonnfe haye fancied that the excellence 
of comedy con ifts in the wit of it ; others 
confine it to the intrigue^ >nd turns of in« 
cidents i and others to the humours. But 
indeed rhe evce-lence lies in the juft mix- 
ture of the wii.le. 

CO^MBLINESS, gracefulnefs, beauce- 

CO'MET ^in Heraldry] as GuiUim f^^ys, 
IS nor or a \ orbicular form as 
other celeftial natures are -, 
but proira£ls in iipht at 
length like a be^rd, or raiher 
oilaces it in engih like an 
hairy bufb^ and thence grows taper-wife 
.like the tail of a fox. Tnat it contra&s 
its matter or fubltance from a flimy exha- 
h^ion, and ^-as not originally in the crea- 
tions nor is namber'd among natural 
things mentioned in t e hiftory of Ge 
ftefisi but is fomething preternatural, and 
Is placed with heavenly bodies^ becaule 
theyfeemto be of their kin-f. Mixyare 
of opinion, that t)\ y prognoftica^e drcad- 
fi'land horrible events of things to come; 
but others hold that they are as much 
fiart as any other, and only draw neater 
to us at the time they appear, and do nor 
forebode any accidents whatfoever. The 
figure annexe-^ is tfziir^, a comec or bla> 
xing-ftar ftreaming in bend or. 

CO'METS Icometd, L of *s/«iiTi»f,Gr. 
fo calfed becaufe of' their figure wliicii 
feems to be as it were hatryj are an im»' 
perfed fubftance, which confiiUof a chick 
fat vapour, ihu ts fuppofed to be enkin- 
dled in the upper re^sion of the air > they 
feem hairy or to ihed hairs, efpeci .lly on 
that fide which is oppofite to the fiu, bu' 
after a various manner : Some drag a ta*] 
after them, and are called Criniku othe.s 
have a long beard, and are called fitfr^if s 
others appear fomething in the fb«pe of a 
xofe, having thofe hairs fcat.ered round 
the'm } others are in the Ibape of afword, 
And aie called enfifrrmis. C meis com 
pafs the whole earth in the fpace of 24 
kourt, and are oevor of fpry loo| tppeer* 


tOcA. The eomet of the longeft oeqrioi 
ance that ever was in the woild, w$s i 
(be time of Nero, which was vifihle f< 
fix m nchs. 

CO'MFORT, confolduoa^ R 

CO'MFORTABtfi, biiu^iog orproA 
in- com'orc, 'ctre<.'inp 

CO'MFOKT ABLENESS [ of ceiii/wt, # 
plea antnr s, retteftiu^ qua iiy. ' 

CO'MFO!\TL£SS, being vwicbooccon 

CO'MiORTLESNBSS, the being wit! 

CO'MICALLY [of coiru^, F. con^c 
L. I pleaia riy, with mirth, Jgnc. 

CO'MICALNESS, pleafanmefs, J^. 

COMITA'TUS, a letintie, 4 train 1 
atterfi.nrs or followers, i. 

COMITATUS [in Common Law] ^coui 
ly or /hire j alfo a roll or litt ot dead fara 
And dcfpcraie debts, anciently maoe evei 
yea- and read upon the acconat of flierii 
iu their refpe^iive counties. 

COMl'TIA [amorg the Romans] an a 
ferably, either in the comtium 01 cm^ 
Martiusy for the ele&ion of magitbsr 
or c^Dfultingof other important afii|ixs* 
the ftate. 

Front COMMA'NDING Qroimd\}n l« 
tificaiion] is a height or eminence opp 
fite to tne iace ot the poit, and plays o] 
on: he front o^ it. 

Reverfe COMMANDING GroMifd, is t 
eminence that can pity upon the faack< 
any poft. 

EnfiUnd COMMANDING Grtmd' 

Courttn COMMANDING Ground , 
is an eminence, which with its fliot fweq 
or fcours all the length of a ftraic line. 

COMMATERIA'UTY, the quality 
being of the fame matter, )^, with ai 

COMMB'MORABLE [commemordUi 
JL] worthy to be mentioned or leaeii 

To COMMB'NCE 4 barfi [with BorJ 
fften] is to initiate him in the menage, < 
Co put him to the firR leflonc io order i 
break him. 

COMMfi^NDABLENESS [oicomauai 
hiiisy L] worthy to be commended. 

COMMB'^AM [in Xd»] when a !■ 
makes a pirfon a biihop, his benefice iin 
figned by the promotion s but if be if is 
pt>wered by rlie king to retain his beodia 
then he Rill continues to be paiioii of i 
and U faid to kold it mC 

Gemnetry] are fuch u may be meilaxed 1 
one and the fame common meafuie. 

of the being o{ the fame or eoaal meafvi 

CO'iai£NTAlU£$ ly^hkJ^9r*m 

Digitized by VnOOQlC 


ailjlofiefwmcenbftkofe perfow who 
hi (AC ptauSt hind or fliare in die a£H 
mihttttthud^ «s C^fitr's Cammauarieu 

COMMENTARIES, jITo are fuch «s 
ft: t 'ii t naked ^.^ndr.uance of che evenrs 
aisan, withoa: tbe mocives and de 
fi|4, 'ie.juiciis, fpcernes, occafioinsnd 
fstnoj *iih other pjfl'.^es. 

lito,Lj oQii e:ieicjiets. iTtedeefs. 

COMiL'NArORy f ot commmari^ X.] 
ft«l csir/ai: to ch.eacening. 

A COMMINATORY, a clattfc in a lew. 
^iapofiirf apuniibBieiK to delinqoenrs, 
«iskb b9«ever is act executed in tlie ri- 

COMMINlTTION [with Surgeons] is 
wbc) I boue is broken inco many Imall 

CO'IOCISSARY affiarei [in Ifi/ifir)^ 
Sn] %-\ officer ol che arciN«r/ wbe 
hitat cbane at all the ftores* 

COMMISSARY &fborfis [in Military 
4l^rij a officer belonging to the artii- 
b?, vM has tbe infpe&ion of the arciL- 
IcrykM'esfo (ce them muftered, and to 
fadkfaprden as be leceives from the 
cwBiodHig oAcer of tbe aitiilery^ by 
M a tbe imdMOofs of borfes, of which 
^HiUowcd a certain number for ^$ &£. 

COimmiON, a warf ant for an of- 
faer pWe; a charge to buy or to do 
•rsftior anocbar. 
COMMISSION , commimon-moQey , 
t^nfBs or reward of a fafior. 
CQfMMlTUENT C^^^ commttre, F. 
**ittrry L} a being ccimnxtted ox or- 
^^ » prifi^o i aUb the doing an unde- 

I c« or Ulcgal aftioii. 

f- COMMiix Icommxtus, Xj mixed 

I tojccoer. 

^ CO'MMODATB, is a kind of a loan, 

kFj.n^reoc from a loan In that things 

i ]^iAcccibiae b^ ufe or time cannot be 

hftokyBasoft commodate, but of a/mk, 

M <k« taey any be icturn*d ta kind, f ho* 


COMRQDATB [CivU Lam] tbe loan 
J'teooAoei&on of anjr tbtng moreable 
^Jeaw sibte for a limited time, on 

' S^^.'*^^'* tbefime individual at 

' ^5^*^*" ^ ^*>»« time, 

rCOjuyoipUSLY [eammodimimt F. 

^^^^^ ^] tdfaaiageoufly, cooveni- 

^^0^aiOH [cmmiuu, X.] tbarwhich 
^^•» ell atikei own*d or allow'd by 
^^eec aiEBded to this more than char. 
Jgni O N [vitb Graamariaiu'J that 
^^ot oouBB that is e lually appliciiUe 
k^nts, male and female. 

W [Ia Qeumetry] u tppJy'4 to 


is tngte line or ihe like, wblcb belongi 
equally to two fingers, or makes a neciL 
fary pirr o^ both. 

COMMON faccording to tbe Law De* 
finitim] that fort of water, the ufe of 
'^'hich is common to a pirticaUr town or 
1 ^rdfhip ; alfo as common of pafture fnr 
feeding of cattle ; ^ownioe offi/lKng Jjrc 
commm oftnrhary, i. e, a liberty of dig« 
gin^ curt. 

COMMON [in gro/sj a liberty to have 
commons alone, that is, without any land 
or tenement in another man's land, to 
himfeUtor life, or to him and his heirs. 

Un Cbymi' ^^ ^^ ^^ i^S* 
cal ffriters] U exprefled by theft cbara- 

COMMON OfMRC/i [ in LmtUm Iwif 
firit confticuted in the reign of king 7o^ | 
who ordained that 35 of the mott fub-* 
ftantial citizens fliould be cbofeo, and b^ 
alfo gave che city liberty to cbufe a new 
mayor and flierifFs every ^ear. wbich ho^ 
fore held their places during life. 

COMMON appendant f ft liberty o£ 

COMMON affurtenant | common ap* 
pertaininj5 10, or depending on fuch a free- 
hold) which common moft be taken wicli 
beafts commonable, as botfes^ oxen, ^«« 
and not of goatt^ geefi and iogt. 

COMMON Lam [ot England} bad ice 
original frcm Edward the confeifor, who 
out of the Daniflh Saxon and Utercian laws, 
colle&ed one univerfal aid general Uw, 
about the year 1045. ^ 

COMMON Piacei [among Ehetorici- 
ans ] are general advertifements, which 
help chofe that confult them to remember 
all the ways by which a fubje^b miy b« 
confidered. Tho* there are many mora 
ways by which a thing may be confidered » 
yet the authors of topicks have (ettled fix- 
teen common places ; wbich are, the Ge- 
nus, the Difirence the Definition^ tb* 
Div^ion or Difirihutm, thr Etymolngw^ 
che Conjugation, che iistdtitudis, the Dif- 
fimiiitudes, the Contraries f the Oppafitei, 
the C^omarifin^ the AntecedqUsy tbe Ad- 
jmOfs, the Confe^fuents, tbe jJlfM, and the 
Giii/e. Thefe are fufficienc to furniA 
with ample matter for a difcourfe, and to 
make cheiDvencioo of a barren underftand- 
ing froicfiil. 

, COMMON £^ [in (^icks] U a rigbc 
line drawn from the potnc of concourfe of 
the two opucalaxes, rhro' tbe middle of 
the right line, which pafies by the centra 
of the apple of the eye. 

CO'MMONALTY [in Lam] are che 

middle fort or king's fub/e^s, fuch of the 

comffioof, wbo i^ing rai^ above th« 


Digitized by VjOOQ [ ^ 

IM^&nriy «rriv6 it having tbe managammit 
of offices, and are oae degree inferior to 

COMMOKlTlONj An admontcioa or 
warning • an •dveriifement. 

COMMORIENTS [emmorierUei.Lj 
perfoDs dying cogecher, ac chefame lime. 

COMMU'NIA placita non, ^c. a writ 
^ireSed to the rrealurer and barons of the 
Excbe^tur^ forbidding thfrm to hold plea 
^tween two common perfonf in that 
courts wlwr* tekher of chem belong 
to ic» 

COMMU'NIBUS 4fwii, £giifies tlie 
fame thii^ in regard to time, as cmrnnu' 
Mihuiloeis does to places, ukiog the years 
one wicb another. 

COMMUNIBUS locis, a term 0^00 
iis*d by pyriters for feme medium or mean 
pelation between feveral places, as uki.g 
one place with another. 

COMMU'NICABLENESS lofcomnuiftt- 
€abilitf X.} eafinels to be communicated 
or to communicate. 

ficlts] U when one being nay paitake ol 

COMMUNICATION, the aa of com- 
municating, inrercourfe, coitverfe, con- 
icrence j alfo the aft of impartiug a thing 
to another^ or making him a. iharer 

COMMUNICATION [with Rbetorid- 
«Ki1 is when the orft tor argues with hi 1 
audircry. and demands their opinion, as 
GentUmsn^ fitppoje yourfehes in the fame 
cafe^ what meafures would you have tdktn 
iut tl^fe that I took 7 what would you krve 
4me upon the tile occafion > 

COMMUNICATION of Idiams [vrhh 
VivineH figoifies the communication oi 
the attributes of one nature inChr/Ji Jefus 
CO that of another. 

weative^ F- of X.] apcnefs to communi- 

COMMU'NITAS Regm [Old Records] 
j. e. the community ot the kingdom, and 
Unified the barons and tenants in capites 
•r military men, who were anciently com- 
prehended folely under that title. L* 

COMMU'NITY [in law) fomettmes 
fignifies the joint property in effe£l$ be- 
tween a huslnnd and wite. 

Tach COMMUNITY, a communirycon- 
tra&ed between a man and a woman by 
the mere mingling of their e6ne£t5, provi- 
ded they have lived together the fpace of 
% year and a day. 

COMMUNITY continued^ is that ^hich 
ftibiifts between two perfons joined in mar* 
riage» and the minor children of that mar- 
fiage, whan the (iuviror has net made 


any lavtntory of the tSk&M in poffeffio* 
during marriage. 

COMMUTABLB [cDiaaroteti^*^, £.} 
that may be e^fily altered or dialed. 

COMMUTATION [tn Afironon^] ths 
aqgic of commuration is the be» 
tween the fun's true plare, feen from tho 
eaath, andtheplaceof apUnet redacedto 
tha eclipcick. 

COMMUTATIVB 7f(/9icr, rsrhatjuC 
tice that ouaht to be obferved and done hk 
buying and felling, borrowing and lending » 
performing covenants, ]gfc. 

COMMUTATIYELY [of cemmtftfr^ 
F, off,.] by way of exchange. 

COMPA'CTILE [compMtit^ JU] that 
may be fet together. 

COMPA'CTiON.acompaaingor join. 

ing together. 

COMPA'CTNEgC[oTc«ii^i9r', K coei- 

paBut, Z.] clofenefs together. 

, COMPA'CTURE, a dofe joining toee< 


COviPA'NIONo/ tibrGtfr/er, a knight 
of that noble- order. 

COMPA'NIONSHIP [oicompagnon.F.'} 
accompanying with, the beuig of tlie famo 

Bideptndent CO'MPAN% a company of 
hot 'or croop of hojfe not embodied in « 

CO'mPARABLENESS lt^am^dfiUs9 
£• and nefs ) the being com**arable to. 

COMPA'RATIVE jhM^my, ia that 
branch of it that coofiders the fane parts 
of different animals with relation to the 
different ftruAura and formation whidi is 
mofl iurred to the manner of living, end 
the neceffities of tivtrj cTt%Tate, 

COMPA'RISON ofldeas^ is an ad ol 
the mind by which it compirea its idess 
one with another, as to eatenr, degrefty 
time, place, and ocher circamftances.- 

COMPARISON [with RhetwridiauJ 
comparifons differ from fimiliradea on^ ifi 
ibis, that comparifons are the more wanh 
of the two. Note, that in coinparifona 
it isneceffary that there be an extfd agree* 
nnenc between all the parrs of a compa« 
ri/bn and the fobjeft that is rreared of-] 
forfevtral things are taken in ibrno othe^ 
reafon but to render the coroparif6n nore 

COMPARISON Jwtrdir^l, the rtHtha 
of two perfons or things confidered asd^ 
pofed or fet before each other in order ttt 
find out wherein they agree or dlff^. 

COmPA'RTIMENT \[iJardm^^^ i 

COMPARTMENT f bed, bor£^ oi 
knot ; a defigo compofed of leveral rflfte- 
rent figures difpos'd with fymmetry to ail- 
orn a parterre, plarfond, JjPC. 

COMPAIITMBNTS [In Heratdtf} «n 

Digitized by VnOOg IC 


as ^Uo qmneringt 6f tiM cr- 
o, according to the aamberof cotft 
tern so be io is, or the fevera) di? Ifi- 
•atw^in It, mtten the srini of fey^ral 
Wia «re bcum aUogetlier bf one« either 
Oft McaaBc o^ mania&es or ochervifb. 

• ^fftMrrkaJ dirpoficioo ot S%9ng ro td- 
«*pRMi»9 %^. the i^iurtt of a cieliDg^ 

COMPARTIlffiNT •/filri, uiimnge- 
■ear&t «hic« aad red nitt varniflied tor 
*idM»i«tioo of ifae coveting oi t roof. 

COMPAKimON [ In ^^c^viKfare ] 
tkc ifainl enAgiecefol diftribntioo of the 
vWe grootid-ploc oi a baildinf , tflco 
»Mi ei reoepciett o' cmeruunnkenu of. 

^ &w OO'MPASSBS, e amhemitical 
hAnmtK made o£ wood or hriTsf with 
fi«a| rackets* ro carry leveral ftifcing 
foiaaj in order to draw cirdcf with rery 
iagai/f, of u/e in larg^ pro)eAiont» and 
iv drsiTTag the famicnre onwalUdialt. 

COUfASS il^aiperi Twith Ommtrs} h 
la r Anaeiit for dfijparting a piece of or- 
dawe. ic reicmblet two femidrdas, 
M:9ahanJle and a joint like a pair ot 
9n^mt ; but (he poiaca are bliinc, and 
■7 be opened atpleafure. 
COMPASS, or 1 2s aa loftramenc 

Jbriacrj COMPASS r q£ great nie in 
ftrf^t. iiMiJpidfMiy Smvtynigt >Bd let e- 
ni erkcr paers of the suthemattcks. Ic 
AflUot a circle drawn on a roond piece 
^J^tilntuA^ which it called the dy; 
tka oKie is divided into four quadrsnrt 
*ttA rcprciesc th» four principal points 
«c»dioal winds, E^^ mfi, Hmb and 
tel, and each of che(e qnadrants or ^ar- 
iteare agaio fubdiiided into eight other 
^v] f>irsa» which in all make ^a points 
•tdttcooi^afs, called roaibc This card 

* pitehord haaga horiaootaUy on a pfn 
«ipv%hr, and nnder it is feed a needle 
« ilea wise^ coQch*d with a loadftone, 
vkich feaepa the Ay or point of the north* 
fBk afar^ towaids the north, and by 
«Wc mmm dircAs ihe AeerCnaa how to 
^^tW ftipin hercourfe. 

ifendiMud COMPASS^ Is the common 
•oeipifc before defcribed. 

ArtCOMPASS, u the fame as the o 
l^r i bK that the fly has the points 
with Wack and white, without a- 


rep, (o that When Ihat the potnrt obff 

^ochv coleerst and is To called becaufe 
fit ceovwaent tor ftenios by candle- 

9ir COMPASSES, cempafles To con- 
td^M <^ the iofide tt co cake an extent 
V a hair's breadth. 

Cmam COMPASSES, thofe whofe legs 
ftia iiolsbeas eotwardi lowardi (be 

Spring COMPASSES, are dividers mads 
ef hardened fteel, the head arcbed, which 
hf its fpring opens ihe compa&s, tb9 
opening being dire£^ed by a circolar 
Tcrew, faflened to one leg and let tbroogh 
tbe other worked with a nut. 

TriJfeSing COMPASSES, compafTesfor 
the trtHefttng of angles geometricaHy. 

Draugbi COMPASSES, a pair of com^ 
PS0SS yfUh feveraf moveable points uM 
in making fine draughts or maps, charts, 
l^c. alTo in Architedlure, Dialling, For* 

fifcf tke COMPASS, is the rotmd 
piece of pafteboard (call'd itfo the cardi 
on WMch the points of the compafs are 

Variation COMPASS, is a compafs the 
ufe oi which is to fhew bow mncfa the 
ccMomon compafs varies from ine exaA 
points of north tnAfimtb. 

fiOHt F; of Z.] fellow-feeling, Utc. 

COMPA'TlBLBNfiSS Icompmibiiit^, A] 
agreeablenefs,, that may be forced. 

COMPBNDIA'RIOUS IcompendJariut^ 
L.J brief, (hort, ahridg'd. 

COMPENDIO'SITY [ cmpendU^Uas. 
1*1 compendioufnefs. 

fBttivus-t 1>0 fitnefs 6r readlnefs to msk« 
amends, }ac, 

COMPBRfi'NDlNOas [cmpetendinug^ 
X.] prolonged, deferred. 

CO'MPETBNCE \ [ empetentia^ 1.] 

CO'MPETENCYJ a fufficienc eftate« 
ftock of learning, ^, 

CO'MPfiTENTNfiSS [of ampetenua^ 
L."] fufficiemners, yte. 

COMPE'TIBLENESS [of coM^efif,JL.l 
fivtablenefs, Ufc, 

COMPlTALinriA, feafls held among 
tbe ancients in honour of the Lares* 

COMPLA'CENTNESS [oi compUcea* 
tia^ £.7 a being pleafed with. 

COMPLAISA'NTNESS, the fame as 

COMPLEMENT [in Heraldry] figni* 
fies the full moon. 

COMPLEMENT [with Affronomert ] 
tbe diftance of a ftar from the zonich, 
or the arch that is comprehended be«- 
tween the place of « ftar above the ho* 
tizon and the zenith. 

MENTS [ in a 
Paratlekgram J 
are the a leffer 
A ttdTB. which 





Digitized by VnOOQlC 


tre fnade by drawing two tighc Iijim 
paiftUel CO each 6de ot the figure ihro* a 
givds point ia ctae ^iigooal. See cbe fi- 

COMPI.EME'NTAL [of cmnpUmmtm^ 
^J of or peicaining to complemeni. 

CCyMPLEX Diftafes^ diftempcrs that 
cannot be feparaied, a< a pieurify and 

A COMPLEX Propofuion f with Uti- 
•4idnj^ U chat which hvf at ieaft one of 
its teiiBS complex, or fuch an one bs 
contains feveial ciembeiSy as caufal pro- 

COMPLE'XNESS [ of complexus^ L. ] 
m being compounded o( diveis chinas. 

COMPLE'X lO 1 [with kbetmaans] 

COMPLICATION a rhecorical 6- 
gure, which is the fane as Simpl.ce^ 
which fee. i.. 

COMPi E'XURB, a joining together 

To CO'MPLICATB (complicatum^ JL'J 
to fold or wrap ^ip logether. 

CO'MPLlCATEUNESSCof complicatio, 
%.] a being folded together. 

COMPLO'SION, aOrikiog er Cbaking 

CO'ttPONH llnHenOdrf) 
lignifies compounded, and is 
alfo called Gohonc: See the 


COMPO'NENT lemponens, 1 ] com- 
pofing, making up, cooftituting, as cow 
poneiu parti, pa"« ^bac maito up the 
whole. . . 

7> he COMPOS Mentis^ In a nght 
Ynind, having a found mind aud not de- 

COMPOSED B^tw pn Rrtification^ 
is when the two lidcs ot the inner po- 
lygon are very uneqeal, which makes the 
gorges alfo vtry unequal. 

COMPO'SEDNESS [ of compofer, F.] 
flutetnefs oi miod» Jyc 

COMPO'SITES I in Pharmacy 3 medv 
ctnes compounded ot fevetal fimple ones 3 
as eleauarics, ointmcnis, opiates, fyrups, 

COMPOSITION fin Mctapbyftch^ h 
an uniry thac is divifTble. 

COMPOSITE Number f with Aritbrne- 
ticians'] a compound number, or * num- 
ber which may be divided by^ fome num- 
ber lefs than the com^'ofiie it iclf, but 
greater than unity; as 4, 6, 8, 9 10, 

COMPOSITION of Proportion [with 
Mfath.} is the comparing the fum of the 
antecedent ani confcquent, with thccon- 
fequent in two eq'ial rario's, as if you 
fuppofe 4, 8 : : 3, 6, which is expicf- 
fed by compoiiioQ of propoitioa l^ U 
to 8 •* : at 9 to 6. 


COMPOSITION Etttltauve [with StB^oi 

men] is between ttiii:^s ot the fame o«- 
ture, #. g. two or more drops ot ^n^ater 

COMiOSITION Bifaitial\vfhhS9b09l 
men\ is whtn things 01 d.iferent kii*c5i 
are join^d^ and t. us coaiiitote new chingi 
Or eflenires, diiferent hrom any of cli4 
pans 3 and thus thsy fay from the m&c- 
ter and the torm if v^ood arifes wood, 
whofe efience is very difSercnt frotn d.-^ 
ther of thefe ingredients taken fep«« 

COMPOSITION [with Orators 2 « 
the proper order of the parts of the diP 
couife adhering to eich 0ther. 

COMPOSITION [with L^iinmu\ U 
a method of reafon<ng« where ui a per. 
Ton proceeda from Tome general fclt-evi^ 
dent truth top«rtfcuhr ^l\'^ fmgu ar oises^ 

COMPOSITION [with Crammarian^J 
the joining ot, ft words together, or the 
prefixing a psrcicle to another word, to 
augment,' diminiih of change itk iignI-<> 

COMPOSSIBI'LITY, capaWcne.sof e*- 
lAing together. 

COMPO'SSIBLE [of con and pojfibiiis^ 
I..3 capable of sxifting together. 

COMPO'OND Icamp^^tiu^ X] thae 
which is made up or compofed o£ dil-<« 
ter en t pans. 

COMPOUND ^ttanthies [in At^chra\ 
are fuih as are joiiied together by the 
(igns-i-aod — t and are either exprefie<f 
by the fime letters unequally repeated, 
or by more letters than one, as b d^-^ 
ani a—b^-^ are compound quantictra, 

A COMPOUND Leaf [with Beir.J as 
divided into feverai parts, each of which 
refembles a fingle leaf. 

COMPOU'NDABLB ,that may becon»- 

COMPRERE'NSION of at idea [a- 
mong ta^ic'ums] is the cpmpiehenlioa of 
the attributes it contains in it felf, and 
which cannot be taken away withotic 
deftroying it, as the comprehenfion ot the 
idea of a triangle includes exienfion, fi-. 
gure, 3 lilies and 3 angles, IgfC* 

COMPREHENSION [in AfetaphjfichsJ 
is an a6l of the mind, whereby it ap» 
pre'. ends or knows any obje& which is 
prefented to h on all fiHes, on which it 
is capable of being apprehended or kpown. 

COMPREHENSION [with Rbetori-^ 
c'lans] a trope or figure whereby the name 
cf a whole it put for part, or that of 
a part for the whole ; or a definite nD«&« 
ber ot a thing tor an in'iefinite. 

COMPRfiHE'NSIVENBSS, aprnefs ce 
comprehend, or to be comprehended. 

KJ cAjpableaeTs to be preued ^ofe. 

Digitized by VnOOglC 


[ti COMPa^OMISE £in a 'fptrmiM 
7iD ftu 10 (be harsrd of bcug ceo 

[cOlffTNESS [of coi^fOUy Z*3 oeatnefi, 

roOMPirtSIYE, of a reftf iintng na- 

aMcriSITENESS [of am^u^» 
|L]c«eKiag ^oaUty. 

I CQUniTABL£[coni|7Xcfj^ilri« LJihat 
aff^ coamcd or red<.ODed. 
COlffOTATION [m Common him] 
kAi Ik (toe aQ4 indifferent cooftruc- 
n « dne, fo chac nelUier pany Aall 
»iog|thc otber, or chat tbe decenoinv- 
mtioae referred to iball r«iiber be 
bknihi one way or the or her; but 
fttilkcQopQted tccording co tbeceo> 
CO'MDS [iffiCN^ the 4K<Vitf^] the 

CONAtUS, to enaeavour. JL 
CQKATDS TXidmdi sb axe motus 
ftfd fiiiofophtrs] is a term in Me- 
tysb, wkick implies the endeavour 
Mid aj Dtturtl body that moves dr- 
oMft fan to fly of or recede from 
Ik nil or (xmtt of its motion, i. 

CONATOS [io t Body of Motion] if 
(kt %6{u» or tpdcttde to gb on in 
Vak Uae» if not prevented by other 
i ytk is the fame as attraSion or 
^MttB, ID matter without morion, 
; .OMCALEFA'CTORT icoacalefuSo- 
Rtt, LI betttag much. 
WJCAMERATION, a vauldsg or 

CgCATHNAnflON o/" C^« [with 
'■■Wfcrjl a term nftd to exprefs 
tt«««fca IS (he refult of a long 
^rfcmfci linked ' 

•>i?ot soother 


. CONCBA^LBDNESS [of t^eUn, t] 

CONCBITBDNBS^ Tol cot^pettt I.] 
s being felt-epiniooatM. 

CONCEIT ABtfiNfiSS, etfineft to bo 

CONCfil^KO [with tpgidojuj ik 
the fimple view chat we have of the 
thiiws which prelent thcmfelvet totfao 
mind; u if we imaiine the fun, a tree^ 
A flobe, a fquare, a thought, a beings 
Without forming any particular judgment. 
This is the firft of the four praicipel 

CO, or depending 

1^^- -L~— » -L.] hollow on 

lye « vtnked Hke in oven § alfo 
J*»ii. f. the infide of a holiow 
^4j«*y if It be circular. 
^^**»B Glij)ii, are fuch as ar* 
fjl Wow, tod are ufually of a 
jfjjpw rotmd figure ; though they 
^2iiS ^^"'» "B parabolical, fere. 
A^yjNESS [concavitoi, i.]the 

^gpjftheiofideot a roood Lody. 
iyffQTO-CONCAVB, concave on 

J^^f^CkVU concave on the one 

|JJ*»0<ewfx» concave on one 
\XJ[*JJ» On the Other. 
bJ^NCAVE, es when the one 
^««tt ttti^ is a portion of a 

operations of the mind 

CONCENTRATION [with i«tf«rrf- 
li/ts2 the higheft degree of miitcurey at 
when % or more p^) nicies or acoma 
of the mixtore touch, bv receiving an! 
thruftttig one into the other, or by tt£^ 
eeptim tMiHtrnfm one into the other | 
and this Dr. Grrv takes to be the cafQ 
of all fixed bodies, which are without 
Ufte or fnell, whole conftitution is fo 
firm, till that the particles are as it wer« 
tafrimed from each other, they cinnot 
w€t either of thofe fen(es. 

CONCE'PTACIB [ctmceptacuhmi^ £.J 
any hollow thing that is fitted to receiva 
or contain another. 

CONCE'PTIO [with Oram.] a figure, 
otherwife called' SjUetfii. JL 

CONC£'PTION [with IciiciauJ is 
ai 8^ of the miad or (he pT>.d\.6t of 
it, as thc^ughc, notion^ or principle s |:he 
fimple idea or appreheofion that a per- 
Ton has of any thing without proceed* 
ing to affirm or deny any matter or poioc 
relating to it. 

/jfimiscu2(i/e CONCE'PTION oftbobo* 
ly Virgjtn [with Komai CatboUcks] > ^^^ft 
held OD the 8c h of December^ in regard 
to; the Virgin Mfaiy'i being conceived and 
born immaculate. 

CONCfi'RT, agreement between per* 

lis ia a£^Ion, Ufc 

COSCWKrATiyhlconcertatfvUf, I..] 

CONCfi'SSlO [wach Rbet*]^ figure chtf 
fame as Sjmcbor^, X. 

CONCE^SSlONAar [of cone^/fiott, R 
of I.] by wsy of granc or allowance. 

CO'l^CHA IwyxK Gr.] » ihell.fift, 
with t tticils, as a IchUop, an oyller, 

CONCHl'US, the fame as conchoi<f; 

CONCHITes [of «<>x«. Gr- a *el^- 
^1 a Hoae refembllng a /hell-fiih- 

CONCHOl'D [of «>;t«> Or. a fhelli. 
fiai is Che name of a cuive line invent* 
ed by l^cbomedet : it is a curVe which 
always approaches nearer to a ftrait Iine« 
to which It inclioes; but never meets ii' 
ic is deicribed ihuSf 
1 A a Praw 

fons ia a£^Ion, \gfc> 



Digitized by VnOOglC 

c o 

Draw tlie right 
line (^ <^. and 
mother perpen^ 
dicular to ic in 
£ ; draw the 
ri^t lines G M* 
G M, cutting (^ 
O, and 'make Q 

5: EE» the curves 
wherein the 
•oims M M are 
IS the firft con- 
rhoid, and thofe where the points N N are 
found, the fecond conchoid* 

lo CONCl'LlATE [CGnc'iliare^ X.] to 
rcconrile; alfo to procure. 

CONCILIA'TIO. a figure inKhetorick, 
the fame as SytiAiecfts, X* 

CONCl'LIATOKY IconciUMmut^ l^} 
•f reconciliation. 

CONCI'NNATENESS Iconcitmitas, 1.J 
decency, Htnefs, Iffc, 

CONCI'NNOUS Icmic'tmuts, 1.] fit, 
flgreeible, Iffc, 

CONCINNOUS Mervdls [in Mi4icV] 
are fuch as are fit for mufick, next to and 
in combination with concords. 

CONCl'SENBSS [of concis^ F. conci- 
fiut £•] briefneTs. 

CONCITATION, • provoking, ftir- 
ring uD or pricking forward. X. 

CO'NCLAVB, a clofet or inner room, 
chat (huts up under lock and kty, X. 

CONCLU'SION [in Oratory] confifts 
of two parts, the Recapituiatm er Enit- 
meration and r he P^ffhns. 

CONCLU'SIVBNESS [of concU^nmt, 
XO the drawing of confequences. 

CON' O'CTION, aboiiing together. X. 

CONCO'MITANCY, an accompanying 
together with. 

CO'NCORD [in Gram.'] that part of 
Syntax or conftruftion, whereby the words 
of a fentence agree among themfelves, 
whereby verbs are put in the fame num- 
ber and perfon with nounii Isf^' 

Simple CONCORDS, are thofe whofe 
extremes are at a diftance, lels than the 
fum of any other X concords. 

Perfea CONCORDS, are the 5th and 
the 8th, with «tl cheir odaves. 

Compound CONCORDS, are equal co 
any 2 or more concords. 

JmpcrfeS CONCORDS, are the 3d and 
8th with -1 1! their odaves. 

CONCO'RDANCY [concordamiai X.] 

CONCO'RDANT Verfes, fuch as have 
in ib^m feveral worths in common, but by 
cbendricion of other wcrrdt have a ^aite 
diflercm meaning; a<j 

C O 

CONCO'RDAT [in the Canon hm] 
covenant or agreement infome beneficial 
matter i as relating to a refignation, fc^ 
mutation, or other ecclefiaftical cauie. 

CONCO'RDITY [concorditajy X.] coi 

CGNCO'RPORAL tconcorporatij, L 
of the fame body or company* 

CONCREMA'TIO, a burnlog toM 
Cher. i.. 

Natwral CONCRETE fwith Fto/j 
pben] as antimony is a natural concrca 
which has been compounded in the bow 
elf of the earth. 

FaSitious CONCRETE [with ffo/o/i 
pber*) a concrete compounded by art, 1 
foap IS a foBhious Concrete^ or a bod 
mixed together by art. 

CONCRE'TENESS [of concrefim.L 
being grown together, Iffc. 

CO'NCUBINE, is fometimes ufed fo 
a real, legitimate and only wiie, and dl 
tinguiflied by no other circumttaoce hi 
I difpariiy of birth and condition to he 

readxnefs to delire or be defired earoe^ 

CONCU'RRBNTNESS [of concurrem 
X.] agreeablenefs to or wi tb fome othei 

CONCU'SSION, a pubUck extonioB 
when any officer or magiftrate pillages th 
people by threats, or pretence of aiitiM 
rjty. X. 

CONCO'SSIONARY [of concigkt^ L 
of or pertaining to fliaking together* 

CONCU'SSIVH [of cottcuffus, L] fla 
king or jumbling together. 

be condemned. 

CONDENSA'NTIA [with Pb^fiaam 
medicines that are of a coadeafii^ 
thickening ouality. X. 

To CONDE'NSATB [with PbS^ 
fbers') is to bring the parts of a naton 
body into lefs compafs ; th^ term oppofit 
to condcnfatey is to rarefy. 

CONDENSATION IwithPhihfiphm 
IS when a natural body cakes up lefs fptN 
or is confined within leis dimeofiomite 
it had before. 

CONDE'NSER, a poeumatlck eappi^ 
whereby an unufual quantity of aixoityh 
crowded into a given /pace. 

COHDE'NSENESS t^condet^ksitt^ 
thickednefs, clofenefs, hardne/s. 

CO'NDERS [of a Mp] thofe vl; 
cind or give direSiou tp the Seerfinaala 
guidii^ or governing of a fl>ip. 


Digitized by VjOOQ IC 


OMH'CNBSS [of Mi^/, I.] ehe 
kiflgKcordioftcJ merit. 

CONDISCITLE [cottdiJ^iptAu, L,] t 
ftboMhv, a fellow.lhideQC. 

CXmm [cxmditust X.] feafoded, 

CQNDmON [in t Legal S^fe J • 
Mf or reftnioc annexed to a tbiogy fo 
^i ij (lie «oo-pef formaoce of ir» the 
^ii^receiTeprejadice and lofs > but 
tfiiKifonBaiice, benefirand advantaee. 

CONDITION [in DeedJ is chat which 
ib kit lad amKxed by exprefs words to 
tkMfflcm.deed or grant either in wri. 

CONDITION impiied, is when A man 

; pttatoaBOcberaoofficeof bailiff, ftew. 

t>^ticcb08^ there be no condition in 

^P^'Jf' tb« Uw makes one covertly. 

tWmOj&if qua nott [in Ffe'Aj/b- 

/^ I ann tiiea in fpeaking of feme ac- 

w«rdrcainftance, which isnoceden- 

ittitoikchisg, but yet is neceflary to 

; *ep*3ion of ii. 

|^2|n)l^0NAL Tropeft'vmt [with 

I giMw] trepfopo<icions chat comft of 

I JJ^ '•^ io'oed together by the parti- 

; je if, of which the firft propofition, that 

; ^^ihc condition, is called the ante- 

•■J lie ohcr the confequent. Thus 

f * Wf of fl MA te material f it is mor^ 

J^*^ ii « continual piopohcion, in 

•Jljte clanfe. if the My of a man Be 

Wilistbf oir^fd^f, and the other 

ZSA}* ^'** confequent: 

^Wn'nONA! fihSSX^fcoHditionali' 
I^TIONA'LITY f tas, X.J the 
■Jlj"' m'onal. 

OHDOlEMfiNT [of £<mdolere, JLJ 
J^y^^on or iee'.ing a fympattay at the 

•^OUaiJE UBotafn-} wild fuc- 

2!©RI'LW>N f cory, dandelion. 

JJJORMA'NTES (of con together 

2J**rr, I, to fleep] a religious fed 

', fo ailed of dieir lying all to- 

■w tad women, young and old. 

}fin ?0m in America] a 
ftrange and monftrons 
ofwhiwh are faid to be c or 6 
wOn one end of the wing To the 
"1 baw Very hard and fharp 
'rfll pierce a hWe, and a of 
vUan^deTOor tf bulls Their 
2^«ck «nd wblie like a mag- 
T » Creft CO tlie head In the 
**«>'. 1 1 is a trdr y furious bird, 
^drdihave been killed by 
*' tndent tittivei arc faid to 
; . id this bird ts one of their 
l^n theft Mrdt «y, tbey make 

CT$, iewin or stKt^ri (o 


convey iway the fuillage of t bovfe. 

CONDUPLICATION, a doubling, 4 
folding rof ether. 1.' 

CONDY'LUS r«otJ^t/X^, Cr,] a Joint, 
a little round eminence, orprocttberaDCtt 
at the extremity of a bone. 

GrJ] a ge 
arife froir 

growing narrower 
end in a point at d 

refily over the ceo . 

bafe. The manner of producing this fi- 
gure may be imagined by the turning the 
plane of a right Uned mangle, round tl^e 
perpendicular leg or Axisy fo that if the 
leg be equal to the bafe, the folid pro« 
duced will be a right Qme ; if it be lefs, 
it will be an atutea^hd Cone i and if 
greater, an obtufe-angUd Omei as in the 

Higbt CONB [with Geo.] a cone is 
(aid fo CO be,^ with refpeft to the pofition 
of f rs axis. i. e» when it is not perpendi- 
cular to the horizon, h h called an eb* 
lique cone. 


h when one iide of 
it n longer than the 
other, at in the &• 

CONE of Jtffi fin Oftieks] are all 
thofe rays whicb ial> rrom any -point, 
as fuppolb A in any objeA on the fnr- 
face of any glafs, aa K, C, D, having 
the vertex in A, and the glais for tea 
bafe, fiich is the cone B, C, D, A. 

CONB f with B<^anifti\ fignifiei not 
only fuch dry, fjuammous fruits as are pro- 
perly of a conick figure, as the fir and 
pioe^fruiTS s but alfo an^ fruit compofej 
of feveral pans of a Iignous fubftance, 
adhering together, and iep.aratiDg whea 
ripe, as. the cyprefs. 
CONB 1 cone, Sdx. J an account 
COLNE j colne. Son. X or reckon- 

Iing When a young woman, at the age of 
14 or 15, 18 in law accounted to be of « 
competent age* to l^fep Con^ and ttey of a 
bouflg^ r. e. to take upon her Ihe manage- 
meat of houihold afEuif. 


CONFA'BULATORY [of tmfdttibm, 
£.1 pertaiDing to tiUdu^ cogethtr. 

CONFARKEA^ION famoog the Ho- 
fHtfuJ A cierciBODy nfed in the nArriage of 
thofe peiioDS whole children were deftin* 
cd to the honour of the priellhood. This 
wts the moft iicred of the B maonors of 
contrading marriage amongft them, f he 
ceremony of which was this, the Tcmiftx 
maodmus and Flamen diaUs joined and 
contra'(fted the man and woman by making 
them eat o^ the fame cake of fait bread. 

CONFE'CTION. SeeOm/eflf. 

CONFB^RVA, th^ herb Spurge of the 
Ei^er. 1, 

CONFB'SSION [with RbeiorklansJ is 
a figare by which the perfon acknowledges 
his fiiult, to engage him whom he addref- 
ies to pardon him. 

CONFE'SSIONAL, a pUce in churches 
under the main altar, where they ancient- 
ly depofited the bodies of deceaftd fainis, 
martyrs and confeflbrs. 

CO'NFIDENTNESS [cottfdemia, JL. J 

CONFl'NITY IcmfUtitas, X.] nearncfs 
of place. 

CONFIRMATION (vfhh Ubetorici- 
aiu] isrlhe third part of au oration, where* 
in ih^' oiVor undertakes to prove by 
reafons, authorities, laws, iffc. the truth 
of rfae propoficion advanced in his oration. 

CONFISGATION, a forfeiting of, or 
a legal adjudicaiion, or taking the for- 
feitures of goods, iff^, to the fife or trea- 
fury, or the king's ufc. X- 

CONFLA'GRANT [canfid^rans^ £. ] 
burning or being in a blate together* MHi. 

CONFLATiaB [eatfiatiiis^ X.J caft or 
molten. . 

CONFLATION, a cafting or melting 
of metaf. X. 

CONFLE'XURE Icottfiexura, X.] a 
bendii^ together. 

CONFLI'CTmO, ftruggUng, engaghig» 
fighting with. Jl^ltotL 

CONFLU'XIRLBNBSS, aptoeis to flow 


CONFO'RMNESS ^ f r/, R coufin- 
Ifutai^ X.] agreeablenefs in form. 

CONFORMATIO Mm^Gorto* [with 
Jtbetoriciani] U when thbgs, to which 
nature has ^ny'd fpeech, are brought io 
fpeflkinK. X. 

CONFORMATION, the (hapus, fa. 
Ibloning, or ordering of a thing \ al& the 
particuhir texture and confidence of the 
parts of a body, and their difpofition to 
make a whole. 

CONFORMATION fin the Art (fpby- 
J^f *J ^ clTena*! property ef health or fitk- 

c o 

CONFO'RMNESS [of emfini$, V 

conformity, agreeahleoeis. 

CONFORTAp'VA It. e. fim^ihemi 
things ] medicines that comfort aai 
ftrengtben the heart. JL 

CONFOU'NDED IconfMu, F. ] p> 
into confufion, Utc* 

CONFOU'NDEDNESS, coniiifedoefi 
the being in confufion. 

CONFRAl'RY ^q. cmfratria^ X.] i 
fraternity, brotherhood, or focletv nnixa 
together, efpecially i^on a religious ac 

CONFRONTATION, the adioa • 
fetting two people in oppofition to eacl 
other, to difcover the truth of ibne iai 
which they relate differently. 

CONFRO'NTfi [in Bera(drj\^V>^ 
facing or fronting one another. 

To CONFU'SE [c<mfiirimh Sa^ofcm 
funderey X.] to mingle, perplex, or pti 

CONFU'SEDNESS [coff/idEoR, AofX; 
a being in confufion. 

CONFU'SION [in a iMf/^^j^c»/feofe 
is oppofed to order, is a perturbation « 
which confyfion confifts, ex, gr* whi 
things prior in nature do not precede, o 
pofteriordo n:>t follow. 

CONFUSION [with L)gicidns'] h of 
pofed to diftindoefs or pierijpicuity. 

CONFUSION [in a /^^^renfejiH 
fort of union or mixture by mere coscf- 
guity, as that between fluids of a coatrt* 
ry nature, as oil, vinegar, kfc* 

CQNFUTATIO [with Aiwfof.] a pn 
of a narration, wheiein the orator ie 
conds his own arguments, and ftrengthM 
his cauTe by retelling and deftroying tbt 
oppofite arguments of hia antagooiiu 

CO'NGB [with ArcbiteSs] a raoaldifl| 
either in form of a 4]uarter round or of i 
cavetto, which ferves to ieparata nN 
members from one another* 

CO'NGES [with Arcbite9sJ the rt4gi 
or fierrels anciently ufed about the eodi 
of woodea pillars to keep them from Ipfit 
ting, and afterwards imitated in ftooe 

X>] the being of the fame kind. "^ 

CONGE'NERATED lcaj^eaeratHS,J4 
begotten together. 

CONGB'NERS [cviigetures, X.}«f*« 
f9me genera rion or kind. 
: CONGE'NIALNESS, the liheaeb o| 
one kind to or with another. 

CONGB'NITURB { cctigemturd, U] 
the birth of thii^s at the /a me tioie. 

CO'NGERl [QfcoKinu, L.J a fode^ 

CO'NGRB f of bookfellers, to the an* 
ber of ro or more, who onite into a ^ 
of company^ or comiibute a joint ioA 

Digitized by vjC — j. ' "^ 


fvtit priDODg of books ; f« ctHed, be- 
ou6 II 1 Urge conger eel is USd to do- 
me de tasU fry, lb this united body 
iMp9M» young todfiog^e iradeis, who 
km DBckr U> mucli money to fupport 
i)Md«|e, aor fo muted on tnteres to 
iSffka bookt printed s tlio' (aocordiqg 
tt tn&ioB} the toiegoiog was che ori- 
psiJ of the osme cai^«r» yet to be t 
lakaKecompUi&nt, you msy derive it 
timpme^ L i. e . to agree together s or 
^kakfiiw magnis fxmflis iKi, of 
0^^ t coogrels. Vtrumhonm mavis 


IGTOBU [of €oi^Kfiio, JL} 
Ak M| be hesped ap or gotten toge. 

CONCnnOM, & heapiag or gscber- 
iB|nprier. f. of JL 

CO^NGLOBATEDI Iconglobatiu, 1.] 

CONGLO'BED | heaped or gz- 
fht^nmi together. 

, CONGLO'BATELY [pfcMgUtothJ^^ 
k I tm4 mift or lnmp» ^c, 

CONGLOTmATlON [with Pibyiici. 
e>] I jtting of bodies by means of their 
^tmj rad climmy parts. 

CONGLDTlNATlVB [of cooglHtM- 
rr, L] gloiogy ftiddog or faflening to* 

OC^lATULAirr [cm^attOans^ £.] 
Mtmrinii^, MiltmL 

CONCRA'TUiATORY loi cmgratw- 
W, L] of coogiatolation. 
^WGRBGAtlON [with fome Pbi- 
•Vf^i] the lesft degree of mixture in 
'JgAc parts of the mix'd body are in- 
^"^t or do not adhere to or touch 
•* «ltt hot in a point? which pro- 
2^7* dMy fay, at pecaliar to the parti- 
*«'«iierandall other fluids. 

CONGRESS, an aflembly, or the 
^jwg tofiBther of tbe deputies or pie- 
JjK«iina of leveral prmces to treat 
g>» P«ce or any other afiair of im- 

^QRESS [ea^egiis^ I.] ta efiay 
f>Mt Bade by oppointmeat of a 
2* the prdence of forgeons end 
?^ to pfo?e whether • man be 
JJ2» « not, in order to dUTolye a 

P^*»w, conformity, iuicableoefs ; 
mPJ^^J Cud of a theme or difconrft 
?*««cktreia BO faolt committed con- 
;fjf» ifct rales of grammar* 
bgya tyiTY l^hSchooimtnl Is a 
^M or relation between things 
^7 *'' coBM to s fcnowledl^ of 
^10 cone to pafa therein. 
^^^K^iUUTY [widi O^fmmiinmu] Is 

\ eppfy'd to figures, linee, 
which ezAdly a 

a term 

^ . . ktc. 

y correfpond wiien laid over 
one another, a« having the fame terme 
or botmds. 

CO'NGROOUSNfiSS {congmtf, F. cm- 
gndtat^ 1.] agreeabtenefs, j^ 

Ca'NlC Sealon^ is a figure which it 
made by the (bltdii y of a cone, being Aip-, 
pofed lo be cut by a plane* 

If the fedion be made by the Act/, or 
thro* the vertex^ the figure arifing it % 
triMgle* If the (e^oo be made by « 
phin parallel to the bafe of the corner^ 
or fuccencivarily pofited, the figure prodo* 
ced U a circle. 

If tbe ieaioo be made parallel to ofi» 
fide of tbe cone, it will be an Eliiffis, 

If tbe fe&ioa be made thro' one bde o£ 
the cone, thro' tbe bafe, end not parallel 
to the other fide of the cone» it wiil ba 
in BjfperMa, 

CO'NICALNESS [o( conicus. X.] th« 
being in form of a conOr 

CONJE'CTURABLB [of foii>ffftro, LJ 
that may be conjeAured or gueft'd. 

CONIFEROUS, a, urn fin Bttamek 
IVriters] coniierout , i. e. which beurs ite 
feedt inclofed in a hard fcaly fruit, of t, 
conical figure, that is broker at thtt 
bottom,! and narrower at the top, ae 
the pine-tree, tbe fir-tree, the alder 'tree, 
\0C. L, 

To CONJO'BBLE, to chat together, 

CONJorNT Degrees [in JK^ek] ar« 
two notes which immediately follow eacli 
other in the order of the fcale, asUt 
and Re» 

CONJOINT Tetracbordf [in Mb^ckJ 
are x tecrachords, where the fiimechoi^ 
is the higheft of the one, and the loweft 
of tbe other. 

CONJOi'NTLY [of eo^tmu, R cm- 
junSe, X*] unitedly. 

CO'NJUGALLY [of caei'itf df, F. of cm 
with end jtigum a yoke, I.j after the 
manner of man and wife. 

CO'NJUGATBD Iconpe^tus^ £.] cout 
pled or yoked together. 

CONJUGAnriON [with jHOtm^ftsJ 
h ttnderih>od of a pair of nerves, or 
two nerves arifing together and fervirg: 
for the iame operation, fenfation or mo*> 
tion. I. 

COmUNCTI^A tmika pn Anatm^i 
tbe firft coat or membrane of the eye, 
fo named becaufe it inclofes all^ tbe 
refl, or becan^ it fafteos the eye in ice 

CONJU'KCTIYBNESS, the beieg of e 
Joining quality. 

CONJU'NCTNBSS [of cmj/mOHm, F, 
of X.^ Che being dofe joiae^* 

Digitized by VjOO^C 


C<WliaRATlON, ft plot Of eonfpira- 
tff fecrec ctbtl r leag'>e to do any 
fNiblick harm, as to fubvert tlie go- 
TemmeoCv attempt the life of the priDce, 

COKJURATION [in Ctmnmi Ltm} 
if in a more cfpecial maoner taken co 
ioteod a perfonal conference with the de 
vil Of' evil fpiriu, fiihcr co compafs fome 
^6gn» or to attain the knowleage of 
fome fecret } mtgiclr words, ch«ra&en or 
ceremonies, whereby evil ipirits,iempefts, 
fffC* are foppofed to be raifcd and driven 

To CONJUllB [cottjur^e^ ^.J to 
charge vpaq. the ffcrednefs ot an oath ; 
to defirf eameftly. to intreat with the 
greated importufluy} alfo to conTpire or 
plot togerher. 

To CCNJURE Iconjurer, F.of L.] to 
vradire conjuration or the raifiog, Jafc. 

A CONN, « blow with the fia duccfa- 

CONHA'SC^NCB [of cm and fuf- 
cens. JL.J the being botn together with 

CONNATUKAaTTY, a being of the 
Ame nature with fome or her. 

CONNI'YENCB [ coanivmia^ <• ] • 
feigning not to lee, a winking ac a fault, 
a palling it by without pumlhmeni. 

CQNNOISBU^R [of cannot tre, F. to 
know] a perfon well skilled in any thii^. 

CONOI'D EUiftical [in Geometry^ is 
« iolid figure, made trom the plain of c 
ieml-elliplis turned aKout one of its axes. 

CONOID Tmrabolical [ in Geometry ] 
IS a folid made by the turning of a pa- 
tabola about its axis. 

CONOI'DBS r ^ith Anatomifit 1 « 
particular glund or kernel in the brain, 
the fame with Conarium or Giandula ?i 

CO'NQIJBRABLB [ofcm^ermt, F.] 
(bar may be conquered* 

CONSANOUI'NOUS [of canfaagmte' 
us^ 1.1 a-kiii by blood. 

COlifSCIENCB [e<mfaentia, I..] a fe 
cret tefiimony or judgment ct the foul, 
whereby it gives approbation to things 
at docs that are naturally good, and re- 
proaches itfelf for thofe that are evil. 

CONSCIfi'NTlOUSNBSS ( of con/ci 
mtieUMf R J the having a good confci- 

iia, l.J knowing within one's felf. 

CONSBCRA^ION of Emperors, took 
lis original from the deification of Jto 
!»^» whick Herodian defctibes ts fol- 

The emperorsy who leave either foas 

c o 

or defigned fncceffors ac their death, u 
coafecrated after this manner, and ar 
faid to be enrol I'a among the number c 
the gods. On this oocafioo the whole d 
ty maintains a publick grief mixed u i 
were with the folemnity of a teftin 
The true body is buried so averyfao 
ptuous funeral according to the ordiiiii 
method. But they take care to have i 
image of the emperor made in wax doo 
to the life, and this they expoTetopufa 
lick view, juft at the entrance of th^ pi 
lace gate, on a fUtely bed o: ivory, co 
ver'd with rich garmets of embroider' 
work and cloth ot gold. The image lie 
there ail pale, as if under a da. ^eroi 
indifpoficion, the whole fenate dreu'd i 
black fie the greatett part of tue da 
round the bed on the left hand, and th 
aged matrons, who either on accoont c 
their parents or husbands are reputed no 
ble, on the right hand. They wear o 
Jewels, or pold, or other ornaments i bo 
are attired in dofe white vefts. Tbi 
ceremony continues feveii days togetha 
the Pbfjicians being admitted every dt 
to the bed-fide, and dedariiig the psiiei 
continually to grow worfe and worte. i 
lafl, when they fuppofe him to be AtU 
a fole€t company of^ young gentlemen < 
the fenatorian order take up the bedupo 
their ihoulders, and carry it throu|i(h tk 
via /acra, or the holy way, into thed 
forum, the place where the Eoman ea 
fiiftrates are us*d to lay down tlieir ol 
Sees. On both fides there are raifedg^ 
lentB with feats one above anotheir 09 
i'tde being fiU*d with boys nob'y dcfcea^ 
ed, and of the moft eminent patride 
families ; the other with z like let of It 
dies of quality I who both together lq| 
hymns and Paeans composed in very mootQ 
ful and paffionare airs, to the priUe t 
the deceafed. When thefe are over, dm 
take op the bed again tod carry it m 
the Campvs Martiiu, where in the wtdd 
part of the field is ere^d a four>i«ar 
pile, intirely compoied of large planbl 
Ihepe of a pavilion, mod exadly regoll 
and equal in dimenfiom. This in the q 
fide is filled with dry chips, bet wirim 
is adorned with coverlids of cloth ofM 
and beautified with pi£bres and caHil 
figures in ivory. Above this is {WJ 
another frtme of wood, lefs^ btB ^4 
with the like ornaments with IWe |Wt 
tico's. Over this is placed a OM «hi 
fourth pile, each lefs than that ^berea 
it ftaods s end fo others perhaps till m 
come to the leaft of all» which foil 
the top. The figure of toe ftiuAveti 
ken all together may be conpared 1 
rthofe watch-towers, which are co beiei 

Digitized by VjOOQ i ^ 


^]«*«»of i»tt, and by the fire on 

gv Np £re& tkn coiirie of ibipft into 
va< Afiar this, hoifting up the 
btt ik (ecood trame o{ building, 
l^ccteiJier a vaft quamicy of all 
Rc(i«eet odours aod per nines, 
0^ fruits, herbs or guros^ and 
Ivan b heapi all aboiu it : chore 
V^Hauioo, aiy, or indeed aoy emi- 
^M, »bd do not rival one aooiher 
Ipifikfc laft ptefeptt to their prince. 
2*«^u q[uce filled with a bof^e 
IWjtt^ind dmgs, the whole order 
zJf^ riie ia a ToleinD procefCon 
p^ Iroanre, and imitate the mo- 
p" ike lyrHc dance. Chariots too 
{j*°T «i«»r tod decent manner are 
PJwwd tbs pile, the drhrers being 
J5*»P?^C| wd bearing ibe intages 
fttiteiljftriom Rmuau, renowned 
2* s> thdr cooncils, or adminillra- 
~f^ ^tt, or their memorable ac> 

tJLT^ " ^*'« "The pomp being 
■■Ji tie faeceflbr takes a torch in 
■ '^ ""^.Ptttt it to the frame, and 
* « 6ae tiflK the whole company af- 
■■*«| it io fereral places i when 
M n^ea tke chipi and drugs catching 
Mewtole pile is quickly coofuoied. 
r!^^ hiaheft and fmallefl frame 
J2*«3 eagle ulctloofe, which, af- 
Ijgyyfc the flames towards the sky, 
j^JaW (0 carry the prince's foul to 

gHffi'CTARY [ugfeaarhim,L.l that 
J?"^ npoo the demooilration of 
^g»ti acottfequence drawn from a 
rajftjhat went before i alfo sn 
J"S flteencc or deduaioo, and n 
5*« n corollary. 

g'^ARY [ii G««i»fft] is Tome 
FIj* mith which is gained Jrom 

"^UTIYEIT [in School Pbilo- 

» a tero nled in oppofition to 

I aad femetimes ejfMvely or 

Br*J«fc?htogether/ '^' 

jg««T[,fcflta9] is Che mutual 
Bl? "f 'e^P*ndcnce between the 

J* » Jfeaed vtth the hurt that Is re- 

SJJjtkjr,«^hen the inHam- 

^^rkwait commonicated to 

mtmJ,^*^ Jtor4fi/?i] if our 

Bl\£ ^' "" ^«^'^ • »"<* t«»ole 
K"*"*ywc placed within our 

^«l. ailed Siidii and M/er4rii 


CONSENT [with rt]0U:idns]U tha 
dependuu ot ono diftemper upon another, 
as a difficulty of breathing is iaid to pro. 
ceed by content from a pleurify; and 
when lOy it ceafes immediately upon the 
removal of the difeafes on which it de- 

CONSENTA'flEOUSNESS, agreeable- 
nefs, foicablenefs. 

CC^NSEQUENT of a hit'to [with Jfa. 
themjt.'} is Che latter of the two terms 
of proportion or the term between 
which and the antecedent the compari- 
f :n is made, as in the leafon of propor* 
cion of the number 4 to 6, 6 h the con« 
fequonc with which the amecedeoc 4 is 
compared^ or if the proportion were % 
magnitude ok qmntiiy, as B to C, C is 
faid to be the confequent. 
CO'NSEQUENTtY 1 Tconfiaum' 
CONSEC^UE'NTlALLYf Wnt/.cett- 
fequenter, L] by confeq'icnce, 

qmntia^ X. | the following by way of con* 
iequence, or the being g? confequence. 

CONSBRYA'TOR, a keeper or main-i 
catner, a proteil or defender, an officer 
eftablilhed for the iecuriry and prefer* 
varioo of the privileges granted fomo 
cities, bodies, communities^ \ffc^ 

CONSERTATOK [in JUnrJ an umpiro 
cboien or appointed co compofis d^e« 
rences between two parties. 

of a preferving quality. 

CONCE'SSOR, one that fits with o. 
thers. X. 

CONSIDERABLBnESS [ of coi4aera^, 
hUy f. j the deferring notice, a*c. 

CONSl'DBKATENESS [ca^eratim, 
F. of 1.J deliberacioov comiderace tern* 

CONSIDER ATENBSS, confideriag eod 
deliberating faculty. 

CONSIGNMENT [in t lego! SenfiJ 
is the putting a fmn of money, j^c. in* 
to fure hands until the dedfion of a con* * 
croverfy or law^fuit that hinders the de * 
livery of the ft id truft. 

CONSI'GNATURB lomfiffuturd, X.J 
a iealiog together. 


by tokens or with fome other thing, i.. 

CONSl'STENCE [in pbyf] is that 

date of a body wherein its componeoc 

particles are fo conneded or. entai^^led 

among themfelves fo as not to feparato 

or recede irom each other. 

CONSrSTENTNBSS) [of eonfifkncf^ 


X.] agreeablenefs, Jjre. 

COMSO'CIATBD f<mi/«eifmx,X.]i>ia. 
ed together in mutual ibclety. 


Digitized by VjOOQIC 


CONSOaABlENESp [of confilahiliS, 
i,,! capaMcnefs of being comforted. 

CONSOLATION [with Rhetor,'] one 
of the placts whereby the orator en- 
^eayours co temper and afiTwege the grief 
end concern of another. 

CO'NSOLATORINESS, aptncf« to give 

w^ ^.i^ CONSOT^ [ In Ar- 
^^ — - cbit€8ure2 «n. ornament 
cut opon the key of an 
arch, afore of bracket 
or ihoulder piece, hav- 
ing a projcfture and fcrv- 
ing to fupport a cornice 
and bear up figures, bufis 
end vafes. 

CONSCLIDA [ with Bof<W(/?J ] the 
herb Confound or Comfrey. I. 

To CONSOLIDATE [with Surgeons^ 
a term ufcd concerning broken bones, or 
wounds, as the farts be^into confolidate, 
i, e. to join together m one piece, as 
they %»ere before the fradure^ or the Jo. 
lutien of the continuity' ^ .^ ^ - 

CONSO'Ll DATIVES [with Surgeons} 
healbg medicines to dole up a fear. 

CONSO'IIDATURB [ confolidotura, 
i."] a confolidaiion. 

CO'NSONANTBSS [of confonance, F, 
£onfonaUia, 1.] conformity, agrccable- 
atis to or with. * ^ r l 

CO'NSONOUS [confonust I*.] o» the 
fame tune or found, agreeing in found; 
alfo agreeable, very like. 

To CONSO'PIATE [confiptre, L>] to 
taR. into a deep Qeep. . ^ , 

CONSO'RTION, * fellowflitp, aflocia-i 
don, focieiy, jgrc i. 

CONSPfi'CTABLB Iconfpcabtlts, L J 
cafy t© be fcen. . 

CONSPICU'ITY 1 i^JpiCUitas, 

CONSPl'CUOUSNESSf X] plainnefs 
#r eafinefs to be feen. 

CONSPI'RING rovers [in Mecbamcksj 
mre all fuch as z6t in diieaiou not op- 
poiice to one another. 

CONSPURCA'TION, a defiUng or 

pollufvnp. X. 

CO'NSTABLESHIP [of cotitahle, F. or 
gonjiahulus^ 1. indjhip Eng, office] the 
office of a conftable. 

CONSTE'LLATED [o[ conftiUatio, 1] 
formed into a conftellation. 
^ CONSTE'RNATED [ conjiematusj i] 
put into fudden fear. 

To CONSTIPATE [with PhyfUms ] 
to bind or make cofttve. 

CONSTlPAnriON , a crowding or 
thrufHug clcfe copecher. 

CONSTI'TOENCE [of conftituens^ L] 
that of which a thing i^ compofcd. 


CONSTITUTION, the temper of ib 
body or a natural dffpofitioft, the tern 
peramenc of the body, or chat difpofi' 
tion of the whole arifing from the ^a 
lity and proportion of its parrs. 

-<^;^«^w/ CONSTITUTIONS, arc 
colle^ion of regulations attributed to tin 
apoftles, and fuppofed to have been co! 
leded by St. Clement^, whofe name the; 

CONSTITU'TIVENESS, conftiintifi 

nature or quality. 

CONSTRI'CTION, a bindii^ M, a 
tving hard, drawing the parts of a thiRj 
clofer together. £ 

ToCONSTRU'CT [con/JrK&ai. L[ 
CO build, to frame ; ajfb to contrive. 

CONSTRU'CTION [in Geometry'} i 
the drawing fuch lines of' a figure, as an 
necefTary beforehand. In order to rendci 
the demonftraiion more plain and undent 

a thing, as to its capacity of producxog i 

CONSTRU'CTIVE, that tends to coo 
ilru&ion that may be franned or m^de. 

To CO'NSTUPRATB Icorfifprare, t 
to deflower a woman. 

CONSUA'LIA [among the Rmfiu] 
certain teafls and games appointed by^ gi 
mulus^ when he ftole ibe Sabine viriuR 
in honour of Con/us^ the god of counieis 

CONSUBSTANTUaiTY 7 fcoii/i* 

tas, X.] a being of the fame fiibftance. 

fubflantia, 1. J co make of the fame fn^ 

CONSU'ETUDE Iconfuetudo, V] cof 
torn or ufape. 

CONSUETUDO [Old Records} a erf 
tomarv fervice, as a day*s work, to U 
done by the tenant for the lord of ih< 

CONSU'LTER [qui confidte, F CO^vl 
tort L.] one who asks couofel. 

C0NSU'MPTIVENESS7 [of confumf 

CONSU'MTrVENESS J x&, l-lwa* 
ing condition or quality. 

CONSURRE'CTION, a fifing vp 9i 
many together for the fake of tzftttt0t 

CONSUTILE [confutUij, L.] M U 
fowcd lopecher. 

CONSUTURB Iconfutura, L] i low- 
ing ro?erher. 

CONTA'CTION IccmtaSus^ V] % 
touching. . 

CON'TAGIO'SB \[contagiofiu^ L}m 

CONTA'OIOUSf of contagion, wfl 

cious, apt (o in^ft. ^^ 


Digitized by VnOOQlC 


, CWrmoDSNEW lo( contagieHx. 

•fij/w LI mKaiurnefs. 
ItttlTA'MrNATED [amutmaatiu, U] 

COWiiHKATEDfcwtt^ii^rdfw, X.] 

I OjnBfPLA'TlON, an aft of the 
I ■•. 'Aj^cSy it appife. It fejr co confi- 

Mrterri; bemejiurcd oii openly to 

^e;m?ORaRIKES$ fof contm- 

A^*, y ihebt-ne at rhc fame r?me. 


fJ''»W|X.J adrfiaedocft to coD:einp]a- 

<WilPORAL [c(«tff«/»w/ii, X.] 

OWTE'MPORA'NEOUS [caettn^ra- 
■■ i.j Lyng both at the faire time, 

JWbllTlBI'LlTr [contcmptibiti' 
^1^rBLENESS7 [»f c«i/£mi,. 

be defpifedy meaonefs, 

jj^MTUOUSNESS f r£i»^«o 

^'HfiMENT [Old hw2 the 
iiiSfc Ij?***'^ or repu'atioi. a pcrfon 
j^wby reafon of his ree-hold ; 
J^J3R*f&Mi, Ijr. it figniacs what 
jjjryr '*" 'be fupport and maince- 
-j-JJ »ftnccor(!fng ro their fcveral 

^Sw^M <«dsfyft»on of mind. 
^^fcJpnrUL, fuJl of content J alfo 

cSmiSlL^J contentious hurooor. 
^^rtNTLESS, difcomcntcd, unf*- 

rftS»ae country. 

'^db^. — - 

(KJ[> LJ cdntiogeocy. 
k^/jJ^^T, tho aooctof money, 
fe^»«io tsyperioD upoaa divU 


FirfMrtf CONTIKGENT [with Logk'f 
^njj a conditional propolKion that may of 
may not happen according as circumflan. 
ces tall. 

CONTI'NUALNT^SS [of cont'muel^ F. 
continuMS^ L.\ the bei-g conttnuil., 

CONTINUANCE of a IVfh or ASion, 
is hrom one icrnn to another, in a cafe 
where the fherifF hat nor returned or ex* 
ecured a former writ, ifTued out in the 
(aid a£lion. 
CONTINUA'TlVE^caufing continuance. 
CONTINUA'TOR, one who continues 
or ar'iej '^n an alFii . 

CONrrNUED Thorough Bafs [m Mu^ 
ftck] 'schat which continues to phy con- 
:ian::y, both daring the recitatives, and lO 
fuftain the chorus. 

COKTINUBD /^roporffon [jiritbmetickl 
is that where the coi\fequent o\ the firll 
Math iiiht fame with ihetntec^enc of 
the fecond, as 3, 6, 4, 8- 

CONTINU'llAS, the conneaion of fo- 
lid Hodies. X. 

CONTINUITY IMatbematkal^ is 
merely imaginary and fi^itious, lu that 
it fuppofes real or phyfical pares whcro 
there are none. 

CONTINUITY F/Tj/fctf/, is ilriaiy that 
ftate of a or more pans or particles, 
whereby they appear to adhere or conlt - 
tute one uninterrupted quantity or conr/. 

CONTINU'OUS Body, a body whofo 
parts Are no way divided. 
CONTI'NUUM. See Continued quantity. 
COnTO'RE, acouncin^-cable orl^rip- 

CONTO'RTBD lcontortm,L.2 wreath- 

CONTO'RTEDNESS, wreathednefs. 
CONTOU'R , in Arcbitetture'} the out 
line of any member, as that ol a bafe, z 
cornice, jjr. F 

CONTOUR [ in pMnting^ fer. ] the 
out-line or that which terminates and de- 
finea-«k/igure, it makes what we call the 
draught or defien. 

CONTOURNB' [ih Heral- 
dry] fiEiiiBes a beaft ftanding 
or runmng with his face to 
the iinifter fide of the escut- 
cheon ; being always fuppo- 
icd to look to the right s if 
not other wife exprefs'd, at in the cfcuc- 
cheou annexed* 

CONTOU'RNIATBD [with Atttifus- 
riesl a term nfeJ of a fort of mrdalkona 
ftruck with a kinl of hoUownefs all r jund» 
leaving a circle on each fide s the figures 
having icaroe any reliavo, if compared 
with true medaliiont. 
G<wl CO'NTRACT IhxlMm'i « cove- 

Digitized by VjOOQ iC 


hint or a^reenaencwich a lawful ctttre or 
coniideraiion, as when a fumof mODey is 
givCQ for the leafe of a manour, ]<)rc. or 
where one thins, h given for aoocheri 
which 1$ called £uid pro ^uo. 

Bad or nude CONTRACT [lil^] 
where a mau promifes to pay lo tbilli'^gs, 
and flfcerwjirds retufes to do ic, no aSion 
will be a^ainft him to recover ic, bec^u^e 
the promife was no contra6^, but a bare 
promlfe j buc if any chin^, tho' but che va- 
lue of cwo pence, had been given for the 
10 (hi lingS) it had been a good conrraif^. 

CONTRA'CTIBLENESS, a being flior- 
lened, fhortnefs 

F. contradum, IJ capablenefs of being 

CONTR A'CTILE Rfrce, U us'd of fuch a 
body which when extended has a property 
ot drawing (cfelfup agiin to the fame di- 
men&on, chat ic was in before the exier.rion< 

CONTRA'^TION lii^ Pbyficlii] is the 
^iminifliing che extern or dimenfions of a 
body ; or a bringing of its parts clofer to 
each other; upon which ic becomes hea< 
vier, herder, JgV. 

CONTRACTION f in Grammar ] the 
redu£bion of two vowels or I'yllabks into 

CONTRACTION l^atorm] che ftrink- 
i! g up of a fibre or an aflembi ige of fibies, 
when extended. 

CONTRADI'CTION, a fpeciesof di- 
re& nppofition, wherein one thing is di- 
redly oppofed to another. F. of X. 


X,] nptuefs, \ffc, to contradia. 

who has a right to contradiS or gainfay, 

CO'NTRA Harmonical Proportion [in 
Mtifick] I hit relation of three terms, 
wherein the difference of the firft and fe- 
cond h to the difference of the Jecond and 
thirds as tHe third is to the prfi» 

CONTRANl'TRNCY [of contra and 
Isitens^ 1.] a refifting againtl oppoficion. 

CONTRAPOSl'TION, a putting a« 
gainft. JL. 

CONTRAPOSITION [with Logiciani] 
an altering of the whole fubjeft into the 
whole predicate 5 a^d e contra, retaining 
both the fame quinticy and the fame ouair. 
ly I but altering the terms from finite to 
Incite i as every man is an animal i there- 
fore every thing tkat is an animal is not a 

CONTRARI'ETY [ amtrarietat, Z.] 
oppoficion, difagrcement, 

CONTRA'RIES [with Logicians'} is 
when one thing x$ oppofed to another. 
^itgbt to darinefs, fight to blindnefs. 
• CONTI^A'RiNBW IcgrUrarietu F. c^i. 


trarhtas, X/J contrariety. 

CONTRA'RY Icontrarius, I.] opp 
fite things are faid to be contrary, the 1 
, turcs or quiliJes of which areabfolou 
i different^ and which deftroy oneanoth 
i CONTRARY le^'d Hyperhola, < 
I whoie legs are convex towards contri 
P^rts, znd run contrary ways. 

CONTRA'ST Icomrafii, F.] a a 
rence, an oppoGtion. I.. 

CONTRAST [in Paintings fcrc] fig; 
fies an oppofition or difference of pofiiii 
attitude, \ffc, of two or more figu'es 
make a variety in the defign, ss when 
a group of three figures one appears I 
fore, another behind, the other fidewa 

To CONTRAST | with JlrchiteasJ^ 
the avoiding che repetition of the far 
thinp in order to pleafe by variety, 
. ^cll CONTR A'STED Figures [in ?^ 
ing a.d Sculpture] arc fucn as are lin 
a-idexprefs che motion proper to the d 
fign of che whole piecei or of any pan 
c\xUx grouppe. 

CONTRAVE'NTION, a contravenii 
infiingement. Ore a failure in a man 
performing or difcharffing his word, 
ligation, duty or the laws and cuftoms 
the place; fometimes it is ufed to figai 
the non-execution ot an ordinance or 
did, fi ppofed to be only the effe^ of oe 
ligence or ignorance. 

CONTRAYE'RVA, a plant in the »^ 
Indies much ufed with others in cooi>t« 
poifons, and which difkillers with ui i 
in ftrong waters. 

Heraldry] or as ic is mod 
commonly uri:cen counter- 
changed, is ufed when any 
field or charge is divided or 
parted by any line or lines ot partici 
confifting all interchangeably of che iv 
tin£lures» as In the efcutcheon annexiA 

CONTRE-BANDE' [in Heraldrj) I 
French y what we call Bendy oi is] 
Bend tinifter counter-changed. 

with the French the fame as our J 
^i\ti per Bend coun^er-chanfiod. 

/fry] fignifies a flueld parted by foi 
01 partition. F. . 

Heraldry] or ComUer cotn^ 
ne, is when the figure is com* 
pounded in two panes, at in { 
che efcQccheon annexed. 

Heraldry] lignifies contrary 
to ermine, being a black 
field with white fpocs, as er- 
mm h a white 6cid witii 

Digitized by VjOOQ I ^ 


^(fots; tod fome wric«rs call this 

[CWTHB BSCARTBLE' llnHeraldrj} 
Vfts oowMf^wtcred, and denotes 
ketncteODi alter being quartered^ to 
jpt aekqoaner agaia divided into two, 
likKibereaujbe faid (tho' lmp^ope^- 
|)»becigbt qatnera, ordivifiom. K 

^CWTR'ESPAUEK fin B>nkukure} 


(JCOKTIEFACB' [fa HeraUry] figni- 
|b wtatwa call Bmjper Pale counter- 

' CONTU.PAILE' [in HeraUrf] is 
*to R «fcatrb«on ii divided into X2 

K»» p»Rt per Bjfe, the two colours be- 
WBO-changad fo, chat the upper are 
• «<o4Wror mecal, and the lower ci 


pn Heraidjy^ or potent coun- 

t«r. Potent i$ counted a tnrr 

_- - «* *eli as vare and ^min^ S 

^y^ bot coropofed of fuch pieces 

grwrtfattthe tops of crutches called in 

«wpoteoces» and in old Ettglijh ^o- 

nai, t>i fome have called it Vary Cup- 

ff adfay T^^ «i .'n the cfcutcheon. 


Biraldry] U when two chey- 

roaa in one efcutcfaeon meet 

in tbe poincSy the one rifing 

-»^; 41 nfoal from the bafe, and 

w«bir inwricd fetting from the chief, 

wwtiiieyaiie counter or oppoficc one to 

««ter in Che points, as in tbe figure 

2y«ty be alfo counter.poinccd tbe o- 

••jy. i. f. when they are founded 

f ^m fiicsok the (bield, and the points 

tg*y way, which we call counter- 

IJw «n fttff, and the French, contre- 

[l^ a fafce. 

» Klii.': ^ cotater/vailcm-tail, is 
I £?•?* w tbe form of a fingle tenail, 
2^»»4eroexc the place or at the gor^e 

fiaotber. F, 


• mfffotti 


2»ii ifcehead or towards the country ; 
2* **« it ii contrary co the /wallow- 
2* ya«e iTbironde^ this laft being 
SSiLfbc head. f. ^ 

I raUry] U reprefented as in 
the aoucheon annexed. 

RlBUlnONSHIP. tbe rr>ciety 
iwri; alfo cbe contribution it 

RI'BUTOR [contrihuant^ F.] 
■I ^Tesor does cowards the doing 

^nrOTORT Itpdcontrihuin F. 
*"<fi JUJ MOpglxig CO contsi* 


CONTRITENESS, a true and fincere 
forrow for fuiy proceeding from love co 
God more than lear of puniihment* F. 
of X. 

CONTRI'VEMBNT, device, ingenuity 
10 contriving. F. 

To CONTRO'L [coutrolkr, F.] to ex- 
amine an account, to overlook, to dii^ 
prove, to cenAire to 6ttl fault with. 

CONTRCytLER General, an officer be. 
longing to the artillery. 

CONTRO'LLERSHlP, the office of a 

CONTRO'LMBNT [of CMtrolla, F] 

ed nature or circumfl mces. 

CONTTROVE'RSIOUS Icontroverfiofus, 
X.] full of controverfy. 

F. contumaciam X.] ftubbomnefs. 

liofuSf X.] reproach tulnefs. 

CONTU'SED [of contufiu, X.] bruifed. 

CONVALE'SCENT [convaltjccns, X.] 
recovering, amending. 

CONVB'NIENTNESS [ convenientia^ 
X. ] convenience. 

CO'NVENTICLE [conventiculm, X.] 
a little private aflfembly for religious ex' 
ercifes, a name firft given to the meet> 
ings ot John Iflclif more than 500 years 
ago, but fiiKe to tie meetings of the Aim- 

CONVE'NTION, « treaty, contraA or 
agreement between two or more parties* 

CONVE'RGENT*> [cww^r^^w, X. J 

CONVE'RGINC j bowing or bending 

CONVERGENT Lines lin Geometry^ 
are fuch as continuiUy approirimaie, or 
whofe diftances become lefs and le/s. 

CONVfi'RGiNO Jfrtyi 1 [ in Qfticls ] 

CONVE'RGBNT lLr|r/| are thofe rays 
that iflue from a ^ 

divers points of ^- ^ 

an obje^, and in- ^>^ ^^^ 

cilne towards one ^^sJ^t/^^ 
another, till tt ^'^>\^ 

lafl they meet ^^^^^^ 

ind crofs, and ^^^ ^^^ 

then become di- (JT ^^ 

verging rays, as [g T\ 

the rays AM BM^^ ' '^^ 

are converging to the point M, and then 
diverge and run off from each other in the 
lines MC M D. 

CONVERGING f^perhota \_Matbim.1 
is one xiuhofe concave legs bend ir to- 
ward* one another, and run both the famo 

CONVERGING Series [with Mathe* 

matich'} % method of approximation ftU 

9b « mearer 

Digitized by VjOOQL^ 

c o 

of any number or equarion , even 
it be impolTible to Rnd out any fuch 

nearer tnj nearer rowards tbe truft toot- 



roots in numbers. 

CONVH'RSABLBNESS [ of Cfmverfer, 
F. c^nverfari, L.] caiinefs of being con- 
verie^ • ith, I'o.t^iolei efs. 

CO'N VERSE [in Geometry'} a pro- 
po(i:ion is faid to be the converfe of 
another, when after di awing a conclu- 
fion horn fomething fint iuppofed, we 
proceed to fnpuofe what had been be- 
fore copchided, and to draw fromic what 
bad be'^n /'uppofec'. 

CONVfi'RSION f in Milit. Afjuri] is 
when foldiers lie ordered CO prelent their 
arms to me enemy, who attack them 
in flanir, whereas they are fuppofed 
to be beiore in the front. 

CONVERSION of Equations fwith 
Algebraifit^ a particular nfiamier of chang. 
ing an equition, which is common'y 
done with the quantity fought or any 
member or degree oi it is a ira£^ion j 
the manner or doing it is by multiply- | 
ing the whole nuoiber by the deiomi- 
nator of the frg&ional parr, and then omit> 
ting the denominacorsithe equation iscoQ<> 
tiuued io the numerators oclyi at fuppofe 

d ' ' 

tiply all by d and if will (land thus 

CONVERSION of Ratio's [with A- 
titkmcticians] is the comparing the an- 
tecedent with the difference o; the an- 
tecedent and confequent in two equal 
j-aiio'j or propofitins. As ii there be 
the fime ratio of 9 to 4 3$ of 9 ro 12, 
it is cor. eluded, 'here is the fame ratio 
of S to ^, as of g to 6. 

CONVERSION [ with Rbitoricians ] 
a figure the fame as Apofiropbe t^r tbe 
changing the (ubjc£l into the place ok 
the p'edtcaie, and e contra \ but always 
retaining the fame q'lantiry of propo> 
iiiions, as every living creature is an pni- 
maly et'ery animal ii a living crtature. 

CONVH'RSIVE, foclablc, Wc, 
CONVE'RSLY [in MatbematicHj] trind. 
lativelyi as whe;i two right lines are 
fuppofed to be parallel and anotbei cru0es 
them, it may he dem.nftrated that the 
aheniate angles are equal i snd fo it 
is equally true convcrfely, that 't the al- 
ter 1 .a* e angles are equ.J, the which 
mre crofTed, muft be parallel. 

CONVB'RTIBtENESSl (o^ conver 

CONVERTIBI'LITY f tible. Rem- 
vertibi^s, JLJ poflibJity, fee. of being 
^^ngcd or turned. ' ^ . © 


C O I 

CO'NVBX Gi:<!(pr, are fuch at treop^ 
pofice to Concave f thicker in the iniddl% 
than at the edges ; or, properly fpealtiogJL 
when their furfacc riles up regularly aboni 
the plain o( the bale, and e Contra* Tho^^ 
glaifes are faid to be concave, when ill 
fur^c.: Gnksdown regularly, or with ar 
guUr crookednefs below it^fo that tbefaa 
glafs or other thing is cftentimes coa%* 
vex 3n f.he on fide ar^l concafe within. ' 
CONVEX i/Ri, is either coives m 
both fides, and called Cosv£xp-Cc«wx,oC 
it is. plain on one fide, and .cnvex qm 
the other, and is cal ed plano-convex* T 
CONVE'XITY C COHvexitas, JU ] ihiC 
exterior firtace of a convex i i.e* %gib4i 
bous an: globular thing, in opp^^brioa «f ' 
concavity or the inner furface, which i||' 
hollow or depreflTe'), 

CONVE'XNESS Iconvexe', P. convem 
tasy L 1 convexity. 

Recufant trONVl'CT, one who hti. 
been legaMy piefented, inJi&ed andcoo- 
vi&ed for refuting or not coming to church,. 
I to hear the coinmon prayer, accorJii^; 
tofeveral itatu-es^ a term generally ap? 
ply*d to Several pipills in England, 
CONVI'CTION, full proof, R of U. 
CONyi'NCINGNESSf [oUww/aatf,' 
CONVI'CTlVENfiSS f X.] convin- 
cing or condemning quality. 

To CO'NVOCATE [ convocare, U 
to call together. 

To CONVO'LVB Icottvolvere^ I.] to 
roll round abouc, to roll round toge- 

CONU'NDKUM, a quJiit, hufflorooi 
cxprertion, phrase or fentenc6. 

CO'NUS tx».»J^, Gr.j the fruit of the 
cyprefs-tree, a' pine-appie, Jg^c JL. 

CO'NUS [with Geometrickans ^ afoM 
figure broad and round at bottom with 
a (harp cop like a fu£ar4aaf. X. 

CONU'SANCE, rognifan' e, knowledge. 
CONVULSED [cotrvulfiq, X.] diawo 
or puUed together. 

CONVU'LSIVE Icammifivtu, X.] per- 
taining (O ci^nvulfioQs'; a term appllefl 
by phyficians to thofe motions, which 
naturally fliould depend on t^e will ; bac 
which become umroluntary by fonc exter- 
nal caufe. 

CONVULSIVE Motions fwith PM- 
ans] are fudden and fwlft convulKOS 
and fliakings, that ceafe and f^turo •{«■ 
by turns. 

CONVU'LSlQNj a pulling or ditw* 
ing to;eiher} alfo a diftortion, X* 

CONVULSION [ with rkjfiam ] 
an it) voluntary contradion or mot«0B9 
whereby the nerves, mofdes, and fliei&* 
bers are conrraded and drawn together a* 
j^atoft or without the will j as ioil^e cr«n^ 

Digitized by VjOOQ IC 



COOKS, were Incor- 

1 pofaied in the y««r i48i» 

I and confirn'd by ^uce , 
I Elitai>etb, and atcer- 
ward$ ^ by king James 
II. Their a* m : 1 ial euG^ns 
are, argint a chcTiun 
iiigrayrd fabe between 
3 columbines, the crelt 
a pheafant ftanding on a 
heimet and cor(e) the 
back and doe, each 
WMjvitk in arrow ali proper. Tho 
»», rafcfjrx son t/iff/. 

TJi^f hal is on ihe e4^ fiJe of XW«r/- 
K^^at, iKir UttU-B itain. 
COOlNESS [ccalbncr, &fx.] cool 

To COOP «^ [ofcoja; ^;r.] to put 

CjmATIVE r of cooperari, X,] 
»«n|r3pth€r with. 

COOPERS were in- 


worlJy wherein the fuQ is fuppofed %t 
reft, and the planet t with the eaxch i^ 
dercribe ellipfes roun4 binu The hea*^ 
vens anJ ftars are here fuppofed ac reft ; 
and thac diurnal motion they fecm co Yuivm 
from Eajl to IV(^ is reputed co be the 
earth's mocion (torn iVcA lO £<|^» U 
u defcribed chus. 

«he i6th ot }h.nrj VII, 
, ^jfj hY the name of jM^^f r 
ti W axid fVardeMs or Aef^^^rj 
^SX of the commonality of 
the freemen of the my 
ftcry of Coopers t in Lm- 
don and the luburbs of 
the fame city, their arms 
^^TPW pale GuUs, and or a chcv- 
Tter^*^ 3 hoops in a chief aijre. 
J*7^rter« two camels, their creft 

^^TAIriON, an eleaion or choof- 

jj^lNA^nON [in Pbyficls^ in 
22"*/*»^ci, as an ord. r of caufes 
JJ^ WTCil of Che fame kind, or- 
! j^^ «adet\cy concur to che produc- 

beginning of a name 
figoifies a cop of an biU, as 

a fore of 
urpeocioe trom 

l^^j^TNERSHlP [of con and par- 
Tl**J|abe'ng partner* topcrhcr. 
5,1 « the " * 

' T^ dlftiis iike lUi 

^•\t/ee in BrafU, 
j[tQ Doomjdof BoohJ an 'bill. 
kiJl^, &x.] a tribute paid to 
L^ ^ of the lead mines ia JViciJ* 

IJJPNICAN Sfflm [fo celled of 

JrCi^fnicja ihe inventor or fra- 

"^ ei tcj be fyftem of che 

The fun being found co be a bodf 
more than 300 times bigger than 9ur 
eirtb, it (eemed prepofterous that fp 
mighty a body of (ire fliould whirl 
round fo large a cirrle is this fphere,) ac- 
cording ro the Ptolemaick fyftem in fo 
(boic a cime as 24 hours (whenyaccord* 
ing CO its computed diftance, he muft move 
7570 miles in a minute ) It was chere- 
u re morereafonable to believe that tho 
earth was feated in che fphere thac pto- 
Umf had placed the fun in, and chat the 
fun was placed in .che center ( for 
by that means, if che earth but turn 
round upon its own axis in %.\ hours, 
every fide of it is turned co the fun, 
and coniequcnly a day and a nighc is at* 
torded to all its inhabitants, without che 
neceilliy of the fu./s or eirth's making 
fo vail a journey as the circle of tia 
fphere requires. He therefore placed che 
fun in che center, with no other motion 
then turning round upoo its own. axis 
which ic performs in 27 days and e half. 
He alfo fuppofes the fun to be fjrround- 
ed with a vaft fpacc ot JEtber of many 
millions of miles exrent, which Is callek 
its vortexy which Mtber U carried round 
with che fun ; and becaufe che plaeeca 
float in it, they alfo are carried in « 
continual circuit from IVift^ co £4^ round 
the fun in cercain periodical^ times, ac • 
cording co their oearnefs or diftance from 
the fun. The earth is one of thefo planers 
end has e«0(hcc attending her, viz. che 


Digitized by Cj-OOQ I ^ 


moon; for that planet belongi to us only^ 
bei .g 10 a cominual circuic round this 
earthy and with ic carried on in cbe an- 
nual circuic c at the earth makes round 
the fun* The ufe of ic being to xeBeSt 
the fu .-beams to us at fuch times as he 
is gone irom us. The other planets have 
the like concomitancs. Jupiter has tour, 
and Saturn five, as is fuppnied ^r the 
fame leafon ; and becaufe chofe planeu 
are fo much farther diftant from the fun 
than we are, they have ot con.equence 
oc^afioQ for more moons than we 
It if certain, by ocular demonflracion. 
that there aie tour little pU e s, called 
Satelliteiy wl>ich aie in continual circuit 
round about Jupiter^ that are ^ regu> 
lar in their motions that the enipfes of 
them are calculated, and thereby a gre^i 
help foond cut to the corri&ing of the 
naps. See the above fcheme. 
CO'PrA, plenty, abundance* JL 
CO'PINO [in ArcbheSure] the top 
of a building or the brow oi a wall made 
Hoping to carry off the wet. 

COPIO'SITY Zcoptofitdt, £. pisnty. 
CCPIOUSNESS [of copimxt F. copi 
efuSy X.] fie timl-e's. 

CO'PPBR [cuprwHy 1. topper. On.} a 
rei metal, the fpecifick gravisy of cop 
per comes next to that of filver ; being 
to that of gold as 8 to 19, to that ot 
varer «s 8 to i, and to thai of filvct 
«fi 8 to 10. Ic is the moft elailick and 
ibnorr>us ot all metals. 

COPPER [in Chjmica ff'rititigs'} 
U expieisd by this chara£ler. 
Bu ttt COPPERf in Cby Q 
micai iVri tings] is exprcl- qr 
kd ^y r^?s hara(9cr. 

COPUOCRITICA fofxiT^ff dung and 

fecretus 01 fccemo^ X.J mediuiiies which 

purge away the excrement of the guts. 

COPROPHORl'A [xsrejfoe^'*, Gr.'\ 

purgari'^n or purging. 

CO'PTIC Laaguage^ the ancient lan- 
guage of (he Egyptians, mtx'dwtih much 
Creek, and i-: the Greek chancers. 

To CO'POLATE Icopulare.L.} to join 

CCPUL ATIVENESS, coupling or join- 
ing qnality. 

TO COQUEt {cf>tfuct€rj F.] to be a 
coquet or general lover. 

CG'RA [«i/>a. Gr,^ the apple, fight or 
^ack of the eye. 

%tA bfacbium, X. an srmj a mufcle ari- 
fio^ from the end of the Ttoc^gki cotm^ 
emdet of the ifaou!der-bla(fe, and is in- 
serted to the middle pitt of the Os bu- 
*•*"• This mufde moves the arm up- 
wards and (uins ic fomrwhat obliquely 


CORACOBO'TANH £of xo^tf a raw! 
and /^TAfhy Gr, an herb^ the thrub Bat- 

CORACOHYOlOJE'aS [with Auio 
mifls of x«e^^ and ^/t^, Gr, form] nd 
cles which cake their rife irom the pro 
cefs of the flioulder-blade, called Coraca 
dcSf and go as far as the bones Hj/aidei 
the ufe or them is to move obliqacl 

CORACOl'DES fof itSePt? Md Ai& 
Gr, fo c;:ie.! trom its refembliuga crow' 
beakj the ihoulder- blade. 

CO'RAL [coralium, L. of «o^Ki»,Gf. 
a rhoot from a rock, that receives tli 
form of a pUot, it grows under dee 
hollow rocks in many places in the A^ 
diterranean fea and eliewhere, and it 
while growing, of /cveral colonrs, « 
white, red, black and sky-blue ; mDdfon 
is oi tvio colours, red and Mack. 

CO'RAL-WORT [of coralium, I.] i 

CORALACHATES [of Jco^tXisr at 
dyjlrns^ Gr ] a kind of agate- ftonei d 
fpocs of which are like coral. 

CORA'LLIS, a piecions ftooe like! 
noper or red lead. 

CO'RBEILS [in Fortification] fmallbt 
kets filled with earch,^ and placed uP 
r he parapets, )^C. having port- holes k 
between to fire upon the enemy on* 

CORBEI'L [in Arcbiteaure'] tflwM 
derin^ piece or jutting out in a watti 
bear up a poft, fummer, fc^c 

CORBEI'LLES [in ArcbiteSurel a pt« 
|(-f carv'd work in toim of a biskec fi 
I of flowers and fruks for finifliing fome c 

CO'RCHORUJ litiBotanyl the he 
Pimpernel or Cnickweed. 

CORDEAU' [in Fbrtification] I fi 
divided into lathoms, fee*, i^» for maf 
ing of outworks upon the gronnd, 

CO'RDED [in Heraldry] 
as a crofs-corded, ts a cro/s 
wound about wi^h cords, 
but yet fo that the cords do 
not hide all the crols^ as in 
the figure annexed. 

A COTlDlAt [of cor, t. the ken 
a medicinal drink to comfott the hem 
COKDlAtlA [with Fbjficia»j] wH 
ctnes which arc commonly fuffoM 
ftrengthen the heart $ tho* they only { 
the Uood into a fine fermentation wb' 
corroborates and facilita:es the moi 
of the beart. 

CCRDOVAN Uatbet [fo called 
Cordova in ^ain] a foK of leather ■ 


Digitized by VnOOQlC 



ICvrdomiers, F. ^hiih 
Mgna^ius dcTivcs of Cor- 
douan a kind of leather 
brought from Cordoua or 
Cardk-a in Spain^ of 
which rhey formerly 
made Che upper leather 

of ;hir ftoos* 
lie RmcA workmen, who prepare chc 

kekr tie called CardoitanmerS' 

Tien lit ia fdrii pwo focieiies, who 
kvik ride 0/ frer« ^ordoamen, Bro- 
teiShoomakert; eflab ifhed by auiho- 
vr ^^ the middle of the XVIIth 
cotgry, (be one uodcr the protection oi 
fc O^a, tud ihe other oi St. Crifpanta, 
m iuaii who had formeily honoured 

Ttef life in communJry, under the dt- 
nSIa of ix'd ^ acmes and officers, the 
p9iiatdibt fhoos they make goes in - 
B ie coamoQ ftock to furnift neccfla- 
Jfafortbeir fupporr, and the furpiufage 
HBrobe :iftr:botcd among the poor. 

COti'NTHrAN Order [in Arcb'it€aJ] 
£»ail^becaufe columns weie firft made 
ct tbr proporrioi at C'orintb, It is the 
»«el,iioa delicate and rich of all o- 
ttev Its apiiil is adorned with two 
mt « IciTcs, between which arifc lit 
rie lalbor cdtdicoles^ whcieof the vo- 
htti art formed cha; fuppori the ataciu, 
^ vtkh are in i.umbcr fixicen, the 
^ ofijis pDIars contains nine ot their 

COTUONl r«e*f. Gr.] the herb S. 

.OnilS j JMs-vfort or Ground- 

COtKEA Imm, a tough taflelefs mzfi, 
«!*ft Kke horn, made by pouring f?i- 
«'« fait or ftrong brine of fait and wa 
* oa cryftals of filvcr prepared, or by 
^Tii»| 61vcr iu a^ua fortu or fplrit 
■ Btre. 

CO&NEA ccidi ttauca [with Jaato 

fthe fccond coat of the eye, other- 
ailed ScUroUt and Tunica dura, 
proceeds irom a merr.b.incof skin 
•fc brain, called dura mehinv^ being 
W|irew forward, in order to fend forrh 
f^iStk Specieit and coocalning the a 
1^ homour. L. 
«CDRN, rofeafonwith falUighily. 
I COlmD Jljecopacto, Sax.} ieafcn- 

Mwvi kit. 
Y CfftSlQt the cornelian-ftone.- 
Lr CO'aNEK Ffrti^ [of a HorfeJ are the 
L 4^ik which are placed between the 
E $^H ttech and the tufhes 1 bein^ z 
pm aod t below on each file the jaw, 
I ^ put forth when a hotfc is 4 years 
I ^iiloUold. 


COKNER-wytf [of cojiiel, Brit.] bf 
way of cort-.ers. 

CO'RNET [with Ciymifis'} a paper ' 
head in form oi a cone co coYor a chy- 
mical veiTel. 

CORNET [of Paper'] a ^ece of paper 
wound about in the It ape ot a horn, fuch 
as grocers, )cfr. wrap up fmalJ quantitiea 
of wares in. 

CO'RNICB [with ArMeas] thccrcft 
or fljuriUiiog works at the upper end \ 
of a pillar, which differs according co 
the feveril orders. 

CO'RNlCfi [with Jtyners] an orna- 
ment fee round rhe top ok a room, ]^c* 

Architrave CORNICE [ Arcbiteaure J 
is that immediately contiguous to the ar- 
chitrave, lih frize being retrenched. 

Cw'mg CO H NICE, one which has a 
prear cafemaie or ho'lowinit; common- 
ly lath*d and pliiflcr'd upon compala 
fprOckets or bmcker]^ 

Cantaliver CORNICE, one chat has 
canralivers underneath it. 

Modiiion CORNICE, a cornice wicii 
modilions under ir. 

Mutilated CORNICE, is one whoOs 
projefture is cut or interrupted, to ,tho 
right of the larmier, or reduced into « 
platband with a cimaife. 

CORNI'CULATB [comtciOMuj, X.] 
horned or having horns. 

CORNI'FICK [cormficu4, X.] caufmg 
or making horns. 

CORNI'GBNODS [comigenus, X.] of 
that kind that has horns. 

CORNICHO'NS [in French HeraUry] 
are rhe branches of ftegs horns. F. 

COHNOCE'RASUM, a wild hard cher- 
ry. X. 

CO'RNU AmmmVh^ an extraordinarf 
kind of fto7ie yihich in vinegar, juice of 
lemons, ^c» has a motion like that of 
an animal. X 

CORNUCOPIA [i> the plentiful homj 
a horn out of which (as the poets fei^n) 
proceeded all things that could be wish- 
ed for in abundance, by a privilege that 
7tt;>/rfr cranied his nurie, who thsyfup- 
pjfed to be the goat Amaltbea- 

Some interpret the moral of the fable 
to be, a little territory not unlike ft 
bull's hoi n, exceeding fruitful, which king 
Ammon gave to his daughter Amaltbea* 

CORNUCOPIA [in Painting, bri?. ] 
•s reprcfenced by the figure of a larg* 
horn, or a woman holding it, our of the 
wide end of which iffuc out flowers, 
tjuits. ItfC. 

COHNU'TE [wirh Cbym^/ist a ftill or 
lu.ed mattiafs, hiVinc a crooked neck 
« overed wirh car'h or loam an ii>ch thick, 
to which la joined a receiver, fee in wa* 


Digitized by VjOOQ IC 


t*r, to dnttp fpfriti or oi!s out of wootJs, 
min«rals, and other things whic : require. 
a ftrunfz hear* 

CO'RODIES, allowances froih iomt 
monafteries tobtffiops. 

CO'ROLLARY [wirh Matkematkianj] 
Is an ufdul covfe uanfc drav n tV >m iomc- 
th«ng that has been advaiice<l b.fore* s 
viz. chit 4 triangle that has 3 fides equal, 
has alfo % angles rqml -, and this confe- 
quence Ihould be iniei'e , that a triangle 
m whofe ) fides dre e^ual, has alfo its 
3 aaglts e^nuU* 

CORO'NA, ortbefiatCTom fmArcbi- 
teSure^ a menber in a Dorici gate, 
made by lo extraorrvnary an eutat^emen: 
of the drip f r larniiers that it h-^s 6 times 
more breadth thm rhr projtllhire. 

CORONA Boreatis [with /{fironomersj 
M northern coufteliaiion co»fifHng ot ab. uc 
2oft«vs« L* 

CORONA Meridimialit [with Aftrcmo- 
mers] afouthem contlellation oi i) ftjis. 

CORONA [on Globes i rhts is faid to 
ht Ariadne'i crovtn, which Bacchus placed 
Among the ft'<rsy when the go'^s cdlebra- 
ted hu marringe to the tfland Dia For 
the new bride was crowned wtto ih>s firft> 
having been presented by the Hours and 
Venus* It was the work of Vtflcant made 
of moft fine gold, and jewels or India -, 
and had fo great a lu^re, that by the 
help of It Tbefeus is faid to have been deli- 
vered out ct the labyrinth.' This crown 
has 9 ftarsin the circuit, of which 3 are 
bright, placed ac the ierpent's head nejl- 
the bears. 

CORONA'RB fJ/w fthc ancient vil- 
lous were forbidden Cormare fitioSy i, e. 
to let cheir fons receive the Etii prepara- 
tory tonfure^ or to begin to be ordained 
prieftsij becaufe that afterwards they 
vrere freemen, and could not any longer 
be claimed by their lords, as iiervams in 

CORO'NAL, belonging to a crown. 

CORONA'LE [with Anatomiffs'] the 
eoronal bone or forehead-bone. Z.. 

CO'RONAR Y Garden^ a flower-garden. 

CORONEO'LA, t!e musk rofe, or can- 
ker rofe that flowers in Autumn. 

CO'RONET ef a horfc. See Comet, 

CORO'NIS [in ArcbiteSure^ the cor* 
nice or top ornament of a pillar or other 
member of a building. 

CORONO'PUS [*»ef»«ir«, Gr."] the 
herb Bucks-hoin, bog's - toocb, or 
. Swioe-crefTes. 

CO'RPORA Cavernofa Penis [with A- 
Jhonomers'} are two capfulas or iftile long 


erild*of tlie OspiSis or fttre-bontf^ m 
are j ^ inert one to the other by a feptMMtm i 
termediumt which, the nearer it appxoac 
es to the glanJs j'ro.*s the Icfler- X— 

CORPORA Qlandulofa [wkb ^wtoA 
mi/is'] are two gl.ndulcs or ^erzi0 
wh:ch lie under the f mtpal bladdc r &» nc 
to che co-^-.mon pafT-ge o: the lesix^o m 
'ifinc. Their ufe IS c^^ lubricate ar»d nn«1 
them flippery, ad afford a kiodof' ve£ 
cle to rhc feminal matter. 

CO'RPORAL of a Ship, its ofEtc 
whofe bufincfsic is :o look to all tbe £ina 
<hot and arnns, to keep them cleao inrii 
due proportions of matcn, l*fc, ajid 1 
exeic'feihe musketeers on fliip-t>o«r<f» 

CO'RPORALNESS > [corporaOir^ 


CORPO'REALNESS3 bodily fubftafic< 

company or men united and joined coge 
ther into one le'.IowAip, of which one r 
the head, a'^d the reft are theb'^dy, ha 
ying a charter from the king, empowrer 
irg rhem to have a commoi> feal, uod ti 
be ab'e by their common confent lo gran 
or receive in law any tlung within xh» 
corapafs of their charter. 

CORPORATION 5j|?ir/tiMl, and ef dead 
Ferfons in La»y was a corporaiioa efla- 
bliir.ed by the king and pope, coiiCi&.iog 
of an abbot and convei^.t. 

CORPO'REOUS [corpareus, X.] that 
is of or belonging to jl bodily fuSftance. 

CORPORIFICA'TION, a making into 
1 body. 

CORPS [with ArcbiteSs] a teritt %• 
nilying any part that proje& or advances 
beyond the naked of a wall, and which 
fei ves as a ground for Ibme decoracioo. 

CO'RPULENCY 1 Icorpulmtta^ 

CO'RPULENTNESS J L.] bigncfs, 
bulkinefs or grofTnefs of body. 

CO'RPUS [i^. d, corruptusy becaufe it 
is ruhjedl to corruption] the bulk or ma- 
terial part of animals, vegetables, ]^ 

CO'RPUSCLES [with Natural rbilo-^ 
fopbersl thofe minute parts or particles,* 
or phyiical atoms of a body, by which it 
is not meant the elementary parts, nor 
thofe principles, which chymiRs caUi|« 
pqfiatica ; butfuch panicles, whether of a 
fimple or compounded nature, the ^ns of. 
which wi!l not be diflfolved, disjoined ot 
diffip^fed by ordinary degrees ot hear. 

CORPU'SCULAR Pbilofopby, t method 
of philofophiiing, that claims the gic^t- 
cft antiquity, which attempts to explaia 
things, and give an account of the Pbd- 
nomiTia and appearances of nature by the . 

the outfidewith a thick skin. Theyaiife 

bags in the yard, defended on all pans of figure, fiiuaiion, motion, reft, JjfC. of the 

corpufcles or Very fmall particles of oiar- 

with two diftliid originals from the low- |ter^ according to ,the principles of t)ie 

I philofopheiSi 

Digitized by VnOOQlC 


tFDS07LA'RlAM» cmewboh&lds 

pw nia principle*. 
COtrasCOLA^RITT lolcorpttfaOum, 
£.1 mpvfeviUr qoalirj. 
Oatl'GO, the hexbCotageorBog- 

m%ve, ivbcn ch« orator uniays wh&c 
br bi airet^7 fUd, mod fays fomechiog 
■Msfe IT Che Head o£ iu The faniQ ts 

COMEfCTNESSCofcWwaw, I-]tiic 

CCHUU'CTOR, one who correds or 

COU£CT(yRlUM [id th« Mediemta 
Jlf%\ »f daig that ferres to correft or 

COtlEXATIVBNESS [of correlativat 
UJ <*» Jttvis^ tt matual reUcioo ooe to 

OOUE^PTIO [in Oram.'] % 6gorc, the 

C] ab-'Urtg a rru'ual iDtelitgCDre, conn- 
acre iM tafliiU*ruy with \ alfo ao an- 
fvcriii, frcri«, •g ««"•?» or the propor- 
tiaa» ooe -.^iji^ with anofher. 

COt%£SPO'ND£NTNESS , fiiiuble 

*^ilOBORA'NTIA ['•"^ Thpci- 
m»\ nesidaej which ftrCDgiben aodcon- 

COtub'SIBLENiSS [in Chfmiflry] the 
fac^^ iab^enefs or bcio^ corr ded. 

CmO'SlON [i^ Medicim'\ aneatinf 
9«*y ky aoy fi^lc humotir or corrofive ine- 

OoiRCysrVBNESS, i qwtUty that 
iiM £qoors, called Me^^niiflMi, have ot 
da^>hn^ bodies. 

COKRU'OA, the b«rb Wild-fperage. X. 

COHRUGANT [coirrng«M,l.Jwriok- 

COILKOCATED [conugatut^ L.] 

CCHltUPTlBiaiTY 1 [in B^tdpfy- 

Uffifc *o be corruptea , ; p >wer not to be. 

CQUOPTIBILITY from wthifu is 
wkia • chiAg contains within it lelf, the 
wamn^Ati ^^ u% nmn deftriaion 

COKlOrnBlLlTY ftvm mtbom, is 
whet* t 'hiog is liable to b« deftroy'd by 
Ume errcrD«t principle. 

€ORKirPTlBl.BNBS$ reorrufi'iBiW^ 
tmnwPul^UitaM L.] corruptibUicy. 

CStRUFTl^COLA, a fed of here- 
dte» who hold chat th« body of Jtfia 
C^was cormpcible. 


«n Infedlon that happeoi to tfat Blood ^^ 
ifTue aod eftate of a man attainted of trea** 
Tod ard felony, whereby he forfeits aU to 
the king or other )ord of the fee, and 
both he and his children are rendered ig- 
Bobie \ apd befidesy his ilTae canoot bo 
heir to hiin, or to any other aoceftor of 
Whom he mif ht have claimed by him* 

CORRU'PTNESS, badnefs, naughcioers^ 

CO'RSA fin^cibitffiiir^] a plat-baod* 

CORSOI'DE^ [jiS^#Mi/ifC, Gr.J acer« 
tain ftoDC in colour ot (be whiteoefsof aa 
old man's bait. 

CcyRTBSy the ftates or tht aiTeiiibly 
of the ftites in Madrid. 

CO'RTEX iTaUerunuu, ajcindof cto* 
narooD fir ft brought from the Jhdtf« by on* 
capta'n fVmter* 

CO^TiCAL part of tbo brain [with 
Anatomifisi the external fa«rky fubftanco 
of (he brain full of turnings and uindtni^f 
on the oot6de, it is covered with a thia 
skia of an aOi and gr'ily colour. The u(o 
of ir IS thought to be to breed the ani- 
mal r>irics, and mloy aoatomifts do ther# 
pla-e the fear of memory and deep, 

CO'RTICATBD [ cirtic^fiM, X. J ha- 
ving the bark, pulled off, 

CORtlCO'SB iC9ni€9fiu^ Xij fiiU ot 
thi( k of bark. 

CCyRTICOUSNESS [oi carticofut, XJ 
tuin^fs oig or like^ efs, ^c, to bark. 

CO'RVETS [in Hi/rfimanjtip'i areleapa 
of an tndifFerenc height, made by a horle 
in raifing firft his fore-legs in the air, and 
nakbg the hinder feet follow with aa 
equal cadency, fo that his haunches go 
down togerher» after tho fore^feet have 
touched the etrth in coQcimial and regular 

COROSCATIONS Icorufiathnes, o€ 
cotu/care^JL to lighten, }ffc,j Ralhes thac ^ 
may be caufed by an exhalation fpread un-^ 
der one cloud only, which by motion, run« 
ning downwards, is fet on are, and fiifli-* 
•th much after the lame manner as a torch 
newly put out, and yet Hn6afcio«, which 
' s by fome ▼iolence.and f ttddeo motion ^aia 

The CORYBA'NTBS lofuMfifslmt^Or* 
to wag the bead in dancing, or q. s^'Caf- 
rne o\ Mff/irJm^ Qr, to hide, of the found" 
ing che tympany to-drown the noife of Jtt* 
piter*s crying being heard by his father S4H 
tmmj the priefls of (yBele were Ftrjgi^ 
anst *od being mott of them eunuchs, wer.o 
therefore caUsd Semivirit Pbryges theur 
chief prieft was coli^d Arcbi-gaUiu, who 
Was likcwife an eunuch. , . 

They performed their folemnitiel with 
a furious noife of drums, trumpets, boat* 
isOL on brafs and mufical ioftruineou. 

Digitized by VjOOQ IC 



^ecmA they brought him ap. For Titan i tng fuTpended, the diriner rehearfed ^ 
the eldeft fon of CoeAu, haviog refigned 1 mula ot words, and then caking it ber^ 
*'^*" * ' * ^^ ^.. two fingert only, repeated the name of* 

parties fufpeaed^ and when at tbe nl 
tion of any name the fieye tarns, xn 

the kingdom of the world to Saturn hit 
jounger brother, to hold the fcenfer for 
life, upon condition that he ftouid never 
fofier iny male child reo to live, that the 
empire ibould after his deceafe return to 
Tttan^t pofterity, Saturn was ufed to de- 
Tour s)l his m^e children as foon as they 
were bornj but his wife Cyhele being 
brought to bed of twins, Jupiter and Ju- 
no, (be caufed little Jupiter to be convey- 
ed away and put into the hands of the Co- 
rjibantet to be brought up, and let Saturn 
lier husband know of none but Juno. The 
CoryBantes, to prevent the difcovery oi 
yu^ter by his crying, invented a new 
iport, which was to leap and beat the 
ground in a certain meafure called dac- 
iyie. And holding in their hands ltc:Ie 
brafs bucklers, and in their dancing, when 
they met one another, they ftruck on 
chem in a certain order } the ix>ife of 
which drowned the crying oi Jupiter , fo 
that It could not be beard by Saturn, 

CO'RYLUS, the haiel-tree. JL 

CORY'MBIA, climbing ivy. L, 

CORY'MBFATED Icorymhiatus, X.] 
fet about with berries. 

CORY'MBIFER, a, urn [with Bota- 
niclt iVriteri] corymbiterous, is applied 
CO fuch d if cold plants > whole feeds are not 
downed, as the Sun-jUmef, Ctryfantbe- 
mus, Com-marygoldj \ffc, L. 

CORY'MBUS [wiih Botanifts] is the 
extremity ot a ftalkor branch, divided in- 
to feveral pedicles, in fuch manner as to 
form a fpherical figure, as in rhe garden 
Angelica ; or it is ufed to fignify a com- 
pound dilcous flower, tbe feeds of which 
are not pappous, or do not fly away in 
down, as Corn^ Marigoid, Daifiest iffc. 

CORY'MBUS [in ancient Botanicl 
Writers ] was ufed for clutters of ivy 

CORY'MBUS [by others] is ufed for 
mmBtiUat which is the name tor the top of 
fuch plants whofe branches and flowers 
fpread round in the form of an tanhreUa 
worn by women. 

CORYPH/E'US [xo^i/^aii^, Gr,^ the 
Chiel leader ot the company or cho/us in 
the ancient tragedy. 

CORYPHE' [xo^c^i, Gr,1 the very top 
of the head where the hair turns. 

COSCI'NOM ANCY 1 [MTKin'xxrreicL, 

COSKl'NOMANCY I Cr. oiHSo-xinr a 
fieve and /JutfrtiM. divination] divination 
by a fieve, to find out peifons unknown, 
•od alfo to difcover the fecrecs of thofe 
who were known. The manner of per- 
fprpuog it waj as foUowi* The fiero be- 

blesor (bakes, that per fon is fufpcAd 
guilty of tbe evil, concerning whicli' 
enquiry is made. Tr.e fieve was 
fometimes fufpended by a rhread, or i 
to^tbe points ol a pair of ftears, ba 
room left to turn, and then tbe naonei 
perfons fufpeded were rehearfed. A 
(his manner it is ftill pra&ifed In i^t 
parts of England, 

To CO'SEN. CO defraud, to cheat. 

CO'SENAGB, chearing, defrmudiDCi 

COSMO'CONY [MTfA9ytfiA of jH 
ftQ' the world and ^ina, Gr. general 
onj thecrcaiionor oiiginai of the wofj 

COSMOLA'BB [of hU/m^ and KitCi 
Gr. to cake J an ancient mathematical H 
itrumenc for meafuring dittances botb . 
heaven ard earth. 

COSMOPOaiTAN [of aoV/*^ m 
^r^i'Ttie, Gr. a citiien] a citizen of t| 
world; ona who has no fixed Kvic^ 4 
place of abode. 

CCysSE 1 as C<^k Hkmbers. rh 

CO'SSICKJ was the old name of d 
an of Aigeha, and is derived from cafi. 
Ital, for r«'ior the root^ for the JteUiam 
called Atgehta^ ZegtOa Rei ]<r ^^na/ir^, i. 4 
the rule or the root and the fquare. 

CO'SSICK Ifumters [with fome Ail^t 
hraifts] are the powers of numbers^ a 
the roots, che fquare, the cube, )^c. 

CO'SSET, « lamb, colt, calf, Jyc. fa\ 
len and brought op by hand wichouc cbi 

To COST [anfiaret JL] to be purclia- 
fed for a price. 

C<yST^, the ribs, or thofe bone) 
which with other bones make the tboroz 
orcheft, being joined backwards wit h ih\ 
verteMs of the back, and forward wtcl 
the cartilages or grifttes of che fierntmi \ 
they are za in number on each fide. 

CO'STAL [of cq^A, 1.] belonging t« 
the Cofi£, 

COSTE'RA \pid UecordsJ a coafl 01 
fea- craft. 

CO'STIVENESS. a being bonxki in thi 

CO'STLY, of great price. 

CO'STLINESS, cofting a great price, 

CO'STMARY, an herb. 

CO'STONS, chards of arcichokts. 

CO'STUS, a certain (hrub, whofe root 
has a very pleafant, fptcy fmell^ growinfl 
in Sjfria and Arabia, X. 

C05TUS [ with BoCM(/?i 3 the herb 
Coftmary. £ 

COSTUS Imhik rbjficum2 tnJWM 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 


feof which there tre two fbrct^ the 
ted the biuer. X« 
CQfT *} fo/co'lc. Sax, « licrle houfe, 
con I cocca^ or bat] ad(ied co the 
HBi oiE a place, iaumate tbac the place 
■HdiiiiHUii lied £rom fuch a thing as Cote-' 
is; l^fmold ID Gloucffteibire^ ^c 
00*1 AGE. See Co«l<^f . 
COrE'MPORAIlY [ot COB and tempo- 
'*^~ , JL j oiy hcioi^tnf (o, or being at 

5X>TEJtEaLI [(Mi Xrcordij flraggling 
Aicfcs a.^ plunderers, like the mofi- 
t fjy^i on the borders of Scotlmd* 

OOTO'N£A [with Botaoifts i the 
^COTOnrB £u] BeraldryJ figoifies cor- 

COnETHLA [Old Bgcordsl a coc- 
ftnii^ L e» % little manlioDx to which a 
fcgS fan belongt. 

COrSETHLUS fO/i Sf^erdi] « cot- 
o^x oae who holds a cottage, who 
w« teaod to woifc for hU lord 1^ tier- 

COTTXA [with Bntamfis] an herb, 
etber«i£s called Peony- wort, Motfaer- 
^<oic, I>og-|c«3nel, May-weed and Cover* 
faw. Z, 

COnr^LEDON [in .^l^tftomir] the ca- 
t^ai toe bockJe-booe, that is appoioced 
to rtmre the heed of the thigh.booe. 

COTYIE'DONES rjnatonyj certain 
l ^—rfTiici that ore in ioine creatorct, but 
■ot ia wo meu • they are di4>ofed up and 
dovather^orioB or omermoft memhranes 
^rttcb cover ihefietui ; their u/e la co fe- 
pvist the natridoua joica Jrom the 
^fimd for the oouriibment of the fietus. 
Taef aie called Cctyledtmes from the re* 
fcwfeiecf they bear to the leaves of the 
herb called Cot^ or Peony- wort ; ajfo 
Ihegapug meetings of the veins in the 

COTTTTIA [aoT»T7i«, Cr.2 t noAur- 
ttfjdtival celebrated in honour of Co^^re 
ibefoddefi of wantonneis. It was cele- 
mel by che Grecians with fuch rices as 
were moft eeo^cahle to the goddefs, who 
wastl«iiglit to be delighted with nothing 
te Bach es lewdneis anddebaochary. 

To COUCH [with IVriteri, Jyc.J to 
ctmipTebeod ox compriie* 

COOCH [with Famters] a ]ty or im- 
frelSoe ei cotoxu, whether in oil or wa- 
ter, wherewith the painter covers his 
Oerufi or It ti the ground-bed or bafis 
^ wb-ch any colour lies. 

' COU^CHANT IBeradty] 

figoifies Wing down, couch- 
ing, or along i but with the 
hMd lifted np i (pokeo of a 


and the holding up the head diftiDguIibec 
a bead couchanc from dormant, u in the 
efcuccheon annexed. F. 

COUCUE' {in Heraldry] denotes any 
thing lying along as a cbevrm comcImi fig- 
nifies a cBevron lying fideways, with che 
cwo ends on one iidc of che (hield which 
would properly reft on the bafc. 

COU'CHED io{coucber, f.] comprifcd 
or concealed in. 

COUDEE'S [in Fortification] are lines 
chat return back from che end of che cren- 
ches, and run almoft parallel with the 
place attacked. F. 

COVB, a fmall creek. 

CO'VBING [in ArcbiteBure] t terra 
ufed of houfes chat are built projefliiM; 
forth over the ground- plor, and chat is 
turned with a quadrant of a circle (or fe- 
mi-arch) of timber, which is lathed and 
plaiftered under which people may walk 

^ COVENANT [Inlinr] is chat the law 
intends to be made tho* it be not expref- 
fed in words. 

COVENANT [in ¥i»a] is that which 
if ezprefsly agreed on between che par- 

COVENANT, the name of a writ that 
lies for che breach of coveoancs. 

COVENANT per/bnal, is where a man 
agrees with another to do him fome work 
or fervice, Jjfc. 

COVENANT realj is that by which a 
man obliges or cies himfelf co pafs a ching 
that is real, as lands or cenemencs, to levy 
a fine, ^c, 

CO'VENT [in lotf] the fociety or 
members of an abbey or priory. 

CO'VENTRY Bells [with Florifts] a 
kind of flower. 

CO'VBRLICT Icouverlia, F.] a cover- 
ing for a bed. 

CO'VBRT [among Hiwtferi] a chicket 
or fliady place for deer or other beafts i 
a ibelrer or biding place. 

CO'VERTNESS [of coMert^ F.] hid- 

COU'NCIL [ in Cburcb Hiflory ] is c 
fynod or aflembly of prelaces and doAors 
met for the regulating of matters relating 
CO che do^rine or difcipline of che church. 

A provincial COUNCIL, is an aflcm- 
bly of the prelaces of a province, under 
thf metropolitan. 

A National COUNCIL, is an aflcmbly 
of the prelates of a nation under their 
primace or patriarch. 

An OfCMiififw/ COUNCIL 1 is an af- 
A General COUNCIL f ftmbly of 
all the prelaces in chriftcndom. 

J COU'NCIL oflTar, is an aflemblf 

of lue principal officers of an army or 

Cca Acei, 

Digitized by VnOOQlC 


Ite^tf occtfioDslly calted by tlie gmttrtf 
pr admiral to coofider of the prefenc ftara 
of chingt and coocerc msifaret tor their 
coDdti&, wxcfa Ttipedt CO fieges, recreftct, 
engagements* ^c* 

COUNSEL [among Matai^s'] It when 
% nuin endeavours by realbns t^ken from 
the nicure of a thing to induce another 
•erfon to fome performance or omiffion, 
having, at leaft as to rhe prefent bufinefs, 
no power over that peHon, fo that he 
can 'lay do direft obligarion on him i but 
inuii leave it to his pleafure and choice, 
whether he will do it ois not. 

COUNTEE' [Old iMw} a count or earl, 
whicn beiore the time ot JViUiam the Cm* 
fueror y/zs che higheft title next to a 
iluke, the countee had -he charge of the 
county, and is now fucceeded in that of- 
fice by the iherifF. 

COU'NTHR [0/4 Horfe] is iharpart 
of the fore-hand of a horfe, that lies 
between the flionlder and um^er the neck. 

COUNTBR.limr [with Horfemen] is 
the defence or rehftance of a horfe, that 
interrupcf his cadence and the meafure 
d his manage. 

COUSTBKmarked [with Hor/emm} is 
when the teeth of a horfe are m<de fol- 
low artihcinily by a graver in imitstlon 
of the eye oi a bean, in order to make 
the hoife appeal not to be above 6 years 

COUNTER-ifurib cfa Medal, is a mark 
•dded to it a coniidctable time aiter U had 
been ftruck. 

; To COUNTER-DK A W [wTih Paitttefs'] 
as to copy a dehgn by the help ot an oiled 
paper, vr any tranfpireot m^tt er, by tra- 
cing the ftiokes appearLsg through with 
k p«?'.cif. 

COUNTER-Pwf ^with RoUing'prefs 
Tr'mters'] a print taken from anorher juft 
printed, whi h pafa'd through the pie^s 
9nd gives the figure inverted. 

To COUNTER prove [at che JRjoUing- 
prefi] h to pafs a detien m black lead 
or red chalk thro' the prieis after ihey have 
been firft moiiien'd with a fpunge, both 
that and the paper on which the counter- 
Droof is to be taken. 

COUNTER^,^^ [with Arcbitean a 
light oppoTitB to any thing which makes 
it appear to a difa^^ntagc. 

COVHTEK'diftinaim, a diftindion 
With refpea to the oppofice fide. 

COUNTBR-cKwrenerf [in HerMry'] t 
ibield Cbevromy, or parted by fbme line 
*f partition, 

COUNTER Campoiy 
[in thraldry^ is when a bor- 
der is cospounded of two 



ranks of ptnea % or rows of check 
different colours fet checfcerwifr^. 

COUNTER*B«Tji [mHeratdn 
ufeH ^y the Praub tor what we calj 
dy fimfier per Bend cotmUrcbarged. 

COUNTEK.^red [in Heraldry^ I 
when ewe chevrons in one efcoicheon aei 
in the points. 

COUNTER.^Mdrtfr^i [in Heraldry 
denotes the efcuccheon being quartered 
to have each quarter again divided inn 

COUNTER-IATH [with Builders^ t 
Itth that is laid in Length between thi 

Heraldry] is f%id when there 
are two lions or other beatts 
on che fame efcutcheon, che 
one pafling or walking o:;e 
way, and the other ano:her. 
To that they bok the dire£^ oppofcc 
ways. ■ 

COONTER-^rnc* [in F&rtif] a tread 
made iif>aiiift the beliegers and whicii c| 
coniequence has its parapet turned to< 
wards I hem* 

COUNTER-^i^e Tin Carpentjy'} i 
method uied in meaforing the joinfs, I9 
transferring the breadth of a mortoiletfl 
the pla.e in che timber where the cenel 
U to be, in order to make them fie te* 

COUNTER-wtf/l^ioii [in fbrfi/i] t 
counter-line ort.itvh m^de round a pltci 
befieged, to prevent the falUes and e» of ihe e^rrtfon. 

COU'NTERPOISE [with Harfimm) 
is rhe balance' of <be body or the fi> 
berry of the a£lion and feat of a horfe- 
man, acquit ed by pradifing in the mir 
rage, fo ibu in all ttie motions the hflift 
makes, the norfeman does not inclti>ehif 
b.dy mo'e to oi.e fide than the other, 
but con inues in the middle of the faddi^ 
bear'ng equally on the fttrrops, in onder 
to give the horfe the feafonable and pro- 
per aids. ^ 

COUNTER /£i(^, a falling out ol 
friends one t( ich another i alfo a ictiffls 
among prifoners in the connrer. 

COU'NTING-Aoj(/J, an apartmeat JJ 
dofct where merchar ts enter dows n 
keep their accounts. 

COU'NTLESS, numberUrs^imaemdU^ 

COU'PBD \ [in Hpwldry J U ihB ly>- 

COUPEE*! nonrabic partition which 
we call Parq per fvlJe, or a line drawflf 
acrofs the efcutcheon from fide to fide n 
right angles, by fonae fitppofed lo deooiet 
belt ; by others a cut received in faacdl 
acrois the fliield* F* 


Digitized by VjOOQIC 



COaPHfttwidrf] from'dttogtwtor eommiiEonef i are tppolatrf 

^fftnebC^upe cut. figni- ^ ^^^^ti^ commiffi n «o (k w ih« 

. '^ „ e _r co^ft oichmceryot clew e»c, u.onan 

«ppoal made lo it. Thii w grin red m 

■ tfct jrrw:^ Cm^ cut, figni* 
6e» the head or anf Hnab of 
IB aoimai cut oflF from che 
trvOr, fmootk, diftnii^uift- 
« ing it from that which is 

^0tfdt ihar it, forcibly torn off^ 
larfctectore is ragged and uneven, as 

.€0O?EI>^ alfo denoces crofles, bars, 
Imi chmooi, ^. at do not conch che 
iid of die eicutcbeoa, bac are as it 
MncK off fran theiii* 
; COun&^ria Omto^] a motion where- 
acie kg is a Hcde beoc, and fufpended 
iniL ^ grooDd, and chft other makes a 
■ o^abf wudt. 

<Mfn£T, a dirifioii of an hymn, 
^%)sr& wherein an aqtial nam- 
^ tr 10 e^ neafure of verfei are 
^»«tch part. 

OOORA^BOUSNESS {oi cwrsgeuxy 

CaI COURA'NT [in tttral 
ir irj] rmriiigy as a buck coi>- 
Mts^ itm fignifies a buck in a run- 
^"^ niog pofture, as in che fi- 
"-v-^ {ore annexed j and cbe like 
tfi^wber animal. 
tOOtANT, a lanB tded to expreft 
*Nw tine, at the year 1730 is the 
^irtf, the ioth comant is the vnh 
^ ffm mmb mm rumung* 
, fna COU&ANT rf anjf mercbaidife, 
* % bovD and common price given 

CQIIRANT Com, common and pafla- 

fpDKONB' [in HerOdry] crowned. F. 

WHSfi [with Arc^uBs] a conti- 
2*[ in|e ot bricks or ftones of the 
^teight chrooghoat the length of the 

^lilefnmbs [in Mafinry^ h 
J^wiwaiy o< a plinth ef ttone, JgfC. 
•*.ftce of « buiidinK* 
WCOURSB, che mlleaioa of the 
2" ***« compilol by order of jftrfU" 

J5^ COURSE, the colteaion of 
"|2fl^nide by GfifMoa. 

"JJSB, ft often nfcd for the time 
?**% ^E in learning a fidence, as 
1^ oT audies, anatomy, philofo- 

A»«6r «^ ef COURSES [Sea 
W it when a ihip fails under che 
f^tod fare-fail, without lacing 

J^SfiX [in ft «40t7] a fpace or 

or cop«» 

[in a €^aw>j _ . 
Mbou a iboc and a half broad, on 
T*^ of which flavei are placed, 
^^'^ cf Dtlig4t€s, ft court where 

thiee cafes; fi^fi, when the rcntence i» 
given by the archbifliopor his uthruUa 
an ecclefitftical caufc j ficmdbf whe • a 
fentcoce is given in an ecclciialU'^al caufa 
io places exempt: ti:iTdtfyVt\itnitmei\c^ 
given is ii\che admiralty court, in fnits d# 
vil or marine* by order of the civil law. 
COURTAU'D, a (horr, ihi Jt-fet man, 
a dui-geon, a liorc-afs F. 

COURTAUD [with Horfem n] a crop 
or cfoppcd horfc, a bo'j- ai'- 

COURTAUD [with Muficimu] tfhott 
baff»on. , ^ 

COURTAUD [with Gwm^i] a ftort 
kind o^ ordinance ufed at fea. 

COU'RTBOUSNIiSS Icmirtoifie^ F.J 
courteous behaviour. 

COU'KTLINESS [of ceir, F. cmia, t* 
a court I coun-like behaviour. 

To COU'SBN [wHffewr, F.] to defraud 
or cheat. ^, 

COUSINBT [with Xrcl>i>f&] acuftioa 
it the lloi.e which crowns a piedroit or 
pier, or that lies immediately over cha 
capital of che impott, and under cha 
(weep } alfo the ornament in the IbwJ 
capital between the Abacus and Ecbiaus^ 
or quarcer-roiindf ferving to form the 

COU'SIN, a title of honour which 
the kii^ licftowa to peers or nobles, 
foreign princes of the blood, IgfC. 

Paternal COUSINS, are ftich as iliucd 
from relations on the tacher's fide, 

Afownwl COUSINS, thole ifluing from 
the mother's fide. 

COU'SINHT [in Mafimf^ fee] tho 
firft ftone, whence a vault or arch com* 

COUSU [in Bhraldry'i it the fame as 
Aemplh and fignifies a piece of another 
colouK or metal placed on the ordinary, 
at it were fewed on. This ii generally 
of colour upon colour, or metal upon 
metal, concrary to the general rule of 
heraldry s andj cherefore this word is 
ufed, according to che figoificacion of tho 
Ftench word, co difWnguifli that the 
piece is not properly upon the field, bac 
in the nature ot a thing fewed on. R 
COU'VERT linBeraldry] denotes fome- 
thing like a piece of hanging, or piv 
lion falling over che top of a chief '0» 
other ordinary, fo as not co hide, hue 
only to be a covering to it. 

COW-qUARE [of cow/, Efix^ • tub] 
a fore of brewing. velTcU a 0. 
COW'ARPUNE;S$[of <•!)• tnd actlf, 


Digitized by VjOOQ IC 


ttitore. Tent, or Cowardifey Fj want of 

COW'ARDOUS, cowardl/. 

COX-BONES 7 a vulgar and odd un- 

COXNOONSf imcHig^ble oath- 

Mj^i] the fame as coxa osy 1^) called, be 
caufe itconcrtint the gui Ilium,' JL 

COX-CO'MICAL [ probably oi the 
Comb or Creft of a cock.J cooceired. 

COXE'NDIX [with j4natomiftj] is the 
fame with Cbxtf and oj JJcbium, and is 
Che third and lower ot the namelefs bones 
called Cf0a innomitutta, and has a large ca* 
vit^ or hollow called Acetabulum Coxat- 
diets, that receives the head of the thigh 
bone: The circumference of this hollow 
being tipped with t grlftle called its 
/uperciliwiu £• 

COY'NBSS Jflot improbably of quoi^ F. 
irhyl ftiinefs, fceming modefty. 

CRAB [cjiabba. Sax. iubbe, Dan.] 
« Tea flielUhiii ; alfo a wild apple. 

A CRAB F</b [in Hiercglypbicks] was 
ufed by the E^ptians, to fignify holy 
myfteries that were brought co light, 
becaufe ic lives, in boles unJer the 
locks I and alfo it wis the fyxnbol of 
•n unconftaot perfon, becaufe it does 
not always go in the fame manner, but 
Sometimes forwards and fometimes back* 

To Be CRAB, to be crofc-grained, four 

Or furly, 

CRAB [with Sbipfnigbtsi an engine 
with 3 claws for Uunchiog of fliipa, or 
beaving chem into the dock. 

CRA'BBBDNESS [probably of cjiibba, 
Sax. a wild apple] fournefs either oi uHe 
or countenance j alfo difficuUnefs. 

CRACK. BRAlTMBD [ oi craquet, F, 
to (rack, and Brain] diforderedin the head* 

To CRA'CKLB [of crj^fr, F. of fctar* 
Clfcen, Out.} to make a crackling noife. 

CR ACKT boiling of Sugar [with fCon- 
fifSionersJ a boiling of uigar to fuch a 
clcgree, that if you dip the tip of your 
finger into cold water, and thruft it in- 
to the boiling fugar, and then imme- 
diately into the water again, rubbing 
the fu^ar off with the other fingers, it 
jvill break, making a crackling noile. 

CRA'DLE [of a Loljler^ the belly. 

CRA'DLB (Scytbe with Hksbandmtn] 
s fey the with a wooden frame fixt to it 
for Aoving com» and the better layii^ 
ft in order. 

CRA'FTIKESS [ctefTt, Brit. cji«>?C, 
Sax.'] cunningncfs. 

CRAIERA lOld «.] a yelTel of bur- 
•*">»hoy or fmack. 

CRA'GOEDNESS 7 [probably of litaiff , 
CRA'GGIWKJ r W, 5bC cop ?/ 

C R 

a rock] fulnefs of crags. 

CRAMA '1 [with pb^OHsJ amu 

CHRAMA f* ture of any ibin^, whf 

CR (> MA 3 thcr medicines or demem 

CRA'MBLING Rocl£t [with Gardi 
tiers'] / (')Ti oi herN. 

CRAMP [with Falcmitrt'l a difeafe ba{ 
penin^^ to hawks in their foarage, it Ui 
in their wings, and proceeds from cok 

CRAMP lot%tumjft,Dan.tb€Qtmf, 

dry] as a crols Crampomue fo 
caDpd, has a cramp at each 
end, or fquare piece coming 
from i t J that from the arm 
in chief towards the finifter 
angle, that from the arm onthac fidi 
downwards, that from the arm ia W 
towards the dextar fide, and chat fm 
the dexter arm upwards, as in the d 

CRANE [itair, Teut. cn«n. Sax.] t 
fowl with a long neck, bill and leg*. 

A CRANfi [ill yiercghpbicks] repr« 
fen IS democraiy. It is fatd of them* Chi 
when any of their company fall imon ob« 
as the mob are apt to do in nauoos,^ 
they will ftriva to injura him, wb 
has^ the unhappineCs to have an ill repon 
It is faid. that when cranes fly togethai 
thejr reprsfent the Greel A ; and froai tJu 
their form of flight in company, PalamtdA 
took the letter A. 

CRANE [in America] a fowl of oahi 
dcous form, having a bag under the oeck; 
which will contain 2 gallons of watei 

A CRANK [in Miecbamckr] a ai 
chine refemblins an elbow, exceptjaf 
that it is in a fqnare form, projmtBl 
out of an axis or fpindle, which of i^i 
rotation ferves co raife or lower chi 
piflons of engines for raifing water. 

CRANK-iSd^ [Sea teraa] a Ihip « 
faid CO be crank-fided when flie cimo 
bear her fails, or can bear bat aiinal 
fail, for fear of being over-fee. 

CRA'NKNESS, briskne&, UveUods. 

CRATULBNCE IcrapuUt^ L] foifcit 
ing by over-eating. 

CRASH, a great notfes alfo a qoMt^ 
a fcuffle. 

CRASIS [inFJutf/Mucy] aconTeidaatflnK' 
ture of qualities, either fmpU or am* 
pound i fimpie when one qualicp ezoeadi 
the reft, as bot, coid^ niifi^ in, ^ 

A CRASSAMfi'NTUM [with Umn A 
nakowfis] the cruor or 6!oo4, or thM 
part which upon ftandtag to cool m 
feparate, forms the coagulumt in oppofi 
tion to xht fermn In which ic fwiais* 
CRA'SSITY icTiffitas, I.] haK&, cMck 
nofi^i groflhcft. Im 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 


OiSSDS, «, m [with Botdmck VTn- 


CSA'SSULA minor [Boiatf] th« herb 
ft-btif, or orpine, or l«ve»Iong. X. 

CIA'SSULA mmr iBatanj} the berb 
Hdt-aduD| Wormgrtfs or Scone- 

CUmNATlON, 8 deferring or de- 

C1AT£'G0N0N r«ae^ai>«raN Gr.^ 
Ai fteib ArfeioMrci culnge or wild 

OATiECXNUN [0ol»9] the herb 

MI'TEK, t cop or bowl, ft goblet 3 
V t i6a{hera conftellftdou confifting of 

mTETlITES [of tief^ri^, GrJ] a 
?*«»iloae bccweeD the chryroitce tnd 

. CXin'COLA[«uh C%Ma(!i] an iron 
ciiaRK afed in nuking fires to keep 
•f '^ coak. 

.CIA'VINGNESS, anetrneft or eager 

To CRAWL, to creep alonjr flowly. 

CJlllNESS fprob. of xpdttit, Gr.J 
MkBcii, iTHJifpobtioD of body or mind. 

ClATrON, t (xiia!l pencil ot any fort 
«u«hBg rtnff made up in pafte ai)d 
*"*> » be ofed for d -awing and paim- 
H^^ colour*, either upon paper or 

anBLB [crwtiiii, JL] that may 
k otared. 

^•CEEAM,toskim oflF cream. 
Jtti'MY [of cr*iw, i.] hating or 

jJJiA'NSODR, a Creditor^ one whe 
••« joothcr, either with money or 

Wat [ with £fcr/^««i ] tn nflier 
!»in&j ffltftert or gentleman educa- 
|»J la icademy of borfemanjhip, with 
I J* to ^ifyhimfelf lor tegctiing the 

I^'TABLE, capable of being crt- 

^^llATEDf cd, made, framed, form- 

»J??*»*' "" l"^^^^ Boamck ITri- 
SiSJ^ opo" Che ftaJk. 

™^»rroDfi r 

I fjj7f flhmefs. 

[crtbritudo^ JLJ fre- 

iig?tttENESS Tcrfditoitf, F.1 pro- 
|TSS» 'ieliliood 5 alfo rcputablenrfs. 
[l^^ABiH [cr^yMe, Kj true ; 

wXT £ia Tm^'] t aUttiMl loan 


of merchandizeia ijgrc* on the reputation 
of tbe honefty and folyability of the per- 
fon negotiating; alfo the conrfe which 
papers or bills, J^c. of commerce have in 
negodating tbe a£^iona of a company, 
as the Bakkt Soidb'Sea, ^c. which is faid 
to rife when they are received and fold ac 
prices above par, or the ftandard of their 
firft appointment. 

CREDIT [in jtaciefU ff^UersJ a righi 
which lords had over their vaflals, to ob- 
lige them to lend money for a certain 

Letters <f CREDIT [b Commerce'] ar» 
letters g ven by a merchant, ^c. to foch 
perfons as be can truft to cake money of 
his cnrrefpondent. 

CRB'DITIVES, credentials. 

CRH'DULOUSNESS [creduHtas, X.] 
ttptneis, eafinefs or readinefs to believe. 

To CREEK Cprob. of fc^t^get. Bom.'] 
CO make a noife as a door does when ica 
hinges are rntty. 

CRBME'NTUM comif^fmr [I«v term] 
(be improvement of tbe king's rents, above 
the viamtiel rents $ for which improve* 
mems the flieriff anfwered by crementum 

CREMESI'KUS, tf, wn Ivriiii BoUuucM 
ffrhi rsj of a crimfon colour. 

CRH'MNOS MfM^, Gr. a precipics 
or flielving place J is ufed by jinatomifis 
for Che lip of the pudrndummuliebrei alfo 
the lip of an ulcer* 

CRENELLE' [in Heraldry] 
or emltatfled in English, from 
the F)rencb word CYen, figni- 
iying a notch or interval, is 
ufed when any honourable 
ordinary is drawn like tbe 
battlements on a wall co defend men from 
the ejemies Ibot ; chat is, the wall rifing 
at fmall intervals. To aa to cover them, 
and lower at thofe intervals s and the ufi^ 
of ic it taken Irom fucb walls, either 
for having been che 6rfl ac mounting cbera, 
or che cbiefeft in defending thems as ici 
che figure. 

To CRE'PITATE Icrepitatum, I.] cf 
make a noife ofien, to crack. 

CRE'PITUS, a fart, X. alfo a Srerraia 
deity worfliipped oy the Egyptians under 
an obfcene figurei whi<?h Is co he feen ia 
fome curious collcftions of antiquity. 

CitB'PITUS Lupi iBotanjf] a kind of 
fungus, commonly called puff-ball. 

CRE'SCENT [in Herat- 
dry] is the half moon, with 
che horns turned upwards. 
It is ufed eicber ss an honour- 
able bearing, or a difference ^ 

to diiUnguiOi be tweet) cldtr apd younge* 

Digitized by VjOOQ IC 


famtltet; this being generally tiCgned to 
the fec^ni' fon, at d en chofe chac deicend 
from See the Figure. 

CRBSt-MA'RlNE Imth Botmifis'] the 
herb R . k-ftmphire. 
■ CRESTS [in Heraldry'] feem to take 
their • «me oi Cr^a, ihecomb or tuft on 
the head of a c< ck, pe«c«ck, heath-cock, 
IcfC. and as ihefc occupy the higheft ptn 
ofti.e hc'dsot birds, fo do thefc cogni- 
ftnces. Creftf are i ".ted upon the moft 
eminent pare of the aelmet i but yec {\) 
that they admit an intcrpoAtion ot fome 
«fcrol, wreath, chapeao, crown, }ffc 
Heralds fay, they were taken from great 
Men and prime commaaders in former 
times wear'ng on the top of their helmets 
the Hgures of animals or other things, as 
well CO appear formidable to their ene- 
mies, or to be known by their own fol- 
diers, that they might ftick to them in bat. 
cle, and rally about them, it difperfed- 

It appears that cretts were very anci- 
•nt, Alexmider the Great wore a ram's 
head for his creft, and Julius C^far a 
fiar, and the chrTftians in their firft religi- 
ous wars were wont to wear a crofs, dart, 
ing forth rays for their crefl. 

Thofe former crefts were made of either 
leather ftiffened, or of paftc- board painted 
and varnifted, to be proof againft rain ; 
and fometimcs of thin iron. 

Thofc ircftswcre taken for fOme par- 
ticular caufe and motive, and accordingly 
they had fome myflerious fignJfScation to 
exprefs fome remarkable tL^tiou or other 
notable thing, appertaining to their fami- 
ly or country, ai Juiius C£/ar^* ftar, to 
denote that he defcended from Venus* 

Efquires who had no notable command, 
were nor permitted to wear fuch crefts on 
their helmets 5 hue only a tteel creft, from 
-which hung down feathers or fcrols upon 
their armrur. 

CRETA'CEOUS f^cretaceus^ L] of or 
hclongirg to chalk. 

CRETA'TED Icretatus. 1.] chalked. 

CRETO'SE [cretofm, JU] full of chalk, 

CRETO'SITY [cretofitas, I.] chalki- 

CREUX [in Sculpture'] a hollow cavi 
cy, out of which lomething haa been 
icooped or dieg«d. 

CRI'ANCEI [with Fafconers'] a line 

CRrANTSjof fine ftrong even pack- 
thread fattened to the leaOi ot a hawk 
when he is firft lured. F. 

CRI'BROSUM Os [Anatomiftsi a bone 
of the nofc refiemblintt a fieve. L, 

CRI'BRUM BenedtBum [with Anato- 
wfis] i. f . the bicjfed fieve > a membrane 
^ Gfiftw ihlO: u.m iul) o( (n^^l Mcs 


liks a fieve, which (as the ancienrsli 
a notion) was in the reins, and ihioi^ 
which thty fancied the ferum was ttttia- 
ed into Che ureter ; leaving the 2ooi 
blood behind for the nouriflimeot ot thi 

a ring, dpt/m to drink, or Jju*rhc a fm 
of cup to drink out of, and et^Q' feim 
ctrtab mufcles which arife from checaiP 
cilage called Cricoi^fe^, and are infenedfli 
to the Arytsmoidet^ which while the) 
draw fide ways and outwardly, the Sia» 
la of the Larynx is wider d. 

CRI'MINALNESS [of crimhul,R Cn- 
nunalis, JL] guiltinefs of a crime. 

CRIMINATION, a blaming or acci' 
finp. X. 

CRI'MINATORY [crnwiMtor/«i, L ] 
full of accusations or crimen. 

CRIMINO'SE icr'tmmofus,L.} ready (( 
"blame or accufe. 

CRIMNOI'DES 7 [with rtjjiams 

CRIMNO'DES 1 urine with Oad 
fediments at the bottom like bran. 

CRI'MPLING [probably q. crif^, 
as to go crimplii^, f. e. as if tHe fcq 
were • render. 

CRIMP. ^ dealer in coals. 

C R I N A'NTHfeMUM fjte^ffltFSf/rt^ Gr-i 
the wild tily. 

CRl'NATED[cr;»tft«/,l..] havioglofll 

CRINI'GEROUS [crimger, 1.] wW' 
ing hair or long locks. 

CRINO'SE Icrinofiu, 1.] having ■«* 
or long hair. 

CRINO^ITY rcrmoftassl^i hdriaea 

CRINlTA Stella, a comet orblsxia( 
ftar. 1. 

CRINO'NES tof crim/, L- ^1* 
fort of, worms fometimes found undor w 
skin in children, refembling ihon chid 
hairs or brlflles. 

Jmperfca CRl'SIS for the Better [wM 
Fhficians] is a cnfia which does w 
quire take away the difeafe, but eoaMn 
the patient to bear it better. 

IrnperfeM CRl'SIS fir the 9arfe [will 
Fbyficiausl h when the difcafe htwM 
more violent and dangerous. 

CRl'SPED lcrifi>atus, 1.] corWj * 
fo made triable or brittle. 

CRI'SPNESS, brittlenels, aptneft «i 
crumble or break. ., 

CRISPl'NA [with Botamfit] dici*** 
tree. L, « , 

CRISPISU'LCANT fcr^/Js/rfW;. *j 
coming down wrinkled i fpoken ot h|pB 
ning. ,. 

CRI'SPITUDB Icrlfpitudo.l'} cnrW 
nefs. .^. 

Digitized by VjOOQ IC 

I eorflerce fn the middle of the fpfbe 
(de oflisplice. 

rsTATED icriftdtuh i] l>«^»ng a 

» comb. 

U^TJE [witfc Pbjficiais'] excrefc^n- 
I of left (rowios abom the foDdainenc, 
iTOoti of which are often cfaapt and 

tilTHi [vkh Fbjfickmsl « little 
psft or fwellang growing to rhe 
»«^ where the hstrt are, to called 
usrdemWi'^ a btrley-com. 

C8inrHMUMT[[«pld^/Mr. Gr.'] fea- 

CRlTHMUS J tenrel or famphire. 

arTHOMANCY [of Jte^-ai barley, 
ttijuatuM,^ Gr. divination] a kind of 
mdon performed by confidering the 
^k V mnttr of the cakes offered in 
fKn&ct, ui metl ftrewed over the Yic- 
nairtatweretobe killed. 

OmCklVl [encritiqmantt F. criti- 
<* «r, L} like a ciitick ; aUb in the 
WJiiek 01 lime. 

CtiTICALNESS, an aprneft to jadge 
tticei^ oeos i^onty words or wii- 

S Teroceuty I. a/^ai^, 


aaCEUS, tf, MM [ with B»/i»i/ci 
itaw] Of! feffron colosr. X. 
"QOCITA'nON, the croaking or 
igji of crows, JjfC. X- 
CKrClUUl the collation or dtTpofal 
OtfClJE i ofbiftiopricksandabbics 
fAetiTini o» aftaff. 
^WCODIIB [«ef«/»^®-. <5r.J a 
^"ttoaibeift ibaped like a lizard, being 
•j^kibioas creitere, living both on 
*■•* in the water, very frequent in 
* nter Kffc and elfewhcre, ^ which 
*> cot prodigious file, fometiinet to 
kigth of ao or 30 foot. 
^OCODILB [of »^ju>/«ix®*, of 
'Uirov, and ittkmf tearing] the 
BU voiAipped God under the form 
ooQodilei becaofe it ia a creature 
' ii (aid to be the only one without 
i ud fb they imagined It hitro. 
" to represent God, beholding 
.. xh In heaven and earth wito 

2^I1-B> hmmg mtbehcMd the 
"^f albii [Hierogtypbiealfyl teore- 
* i^^ tonui becaufe the Vird 
'JJkiiBohtTe a foeiet power oa the 
J»^^ that if the body of this fer. 
■•mLed with it, tho' it be in its 
M nd rapacious, it lofoth its 
iV^ioDs, and booomts extitme 
[25^ i^lefor atime. 
"lU'NB rcrecodilMMr, l.of 
\ Gr.] like % ^ocodiil^) 4^- 


CKOCODIUTES [with Itthttmkms] 

a captious and fophiffctcal kind of argu- 
mentation^ fo ordered as to fednre the 
unwary, uid draw them fpecioufly into a 

CROCOME'RTON r«0>«o/ufe^or, 0?."] 
the herb Great Sanicle or LionVpaw. X. 

CRCycUS iHarth [in Cbf- jfs ^ 
mica WriUTs ' is expreflcd ^ r\ 
byrhefc cbara^lers. ^^ ^^ 

CROCUS o/CoJtfr [in (^- / f\ ^\ 
micai Writers^ is ezprefled by \\j ^j 
this ch^rader. 

CKO^T,a flip of groord adjoining to an 
faoofe, which is called toft i fo lormerly 
they bfod this faying of a very poor man, 
behadne toft ne crofts ucbibad neitbtr 
houfe nor land. 

CROI'SADE, a name given to a Chrif.* 
tian etpeditioo agafnft Jiifiielf, for con^ 
quaring rheH^iyXiSiid) becaufe cbofe that 
engaged in the expedition were a crofs on 
their bofoms, and bore a crofs in their 
landards. There were at feveral timet 
8 croifades, the firfl was begun at 'he fo- 
licitation of the patriarch ot Jgrufalem^ 
in the fe«rxo95; the xd in 11 44 under 
Urns VU i the 3d in zx88 by Henry \U 
or S^Umd^ and Tbiiip Augnfiia cf France ; 
che4tbin 1195 ^f P^P^ CeUft'm III. and 
the emperor Henry VI } the 5th and 6:ii 
was publiAed in 1x98 and 12x3 by pope 
Jnmcent 111 ; the 7ch was undertaken by 
St.Xowi about the year 1245} and the 
laft was in the year ia58. 

CROasiERS, a reiigiooa order, or a 
congregation of regular canons. 

CRO'ISIER i [of croixy F.] a (hep- 

CRCyiZIBR f herd's crook, a fymbol 
of paftoral authority i being a ftaff of gold 
or filver, crooked ac the top, earned be- 
fore biflK>ps and abbots, and held in the 
haad when they give benediaions. 

CRO'ISSANTE [in Henddry^ "^ 
enix Cf^frnte, F. is a crofs crefcented, 
i. e. having a crefcent or half-moon fixe 
at either end. ' 

CRCyNBl. <> is the iron at the etui 

CRO'NBT f of a tilting fpear, ha- 

C(yROMET ^ viflg a focket for ths 
end of the ftaff to go into, and termioa- 
cing in three polois. 

CROCyKBDNBSS [of |m!^» a curl oC 
the hair] bendingnefs. 

CRC^-SICK, fick at tbeftomach. 

CRO'SLBTCinArHrdry] KT^ 
OS a Orofi Crofh*^ h a crofs fB Snt 
croffed again at a fmall dif- L _. jg. j 
tance from each of the endi) llH ^» 
as in the figure. ^kbL/^»^ 

CROSS Icrux, !• crewr, K] a gibbec 
on which the ancients ufod to hang their 
(UyM god malet^OHfiy whs) WW •»ber 

Digitized by VnOOQlC 


tied cbereto with ropes or nailed wich 
BaiUt who having their bones broken 
CO difpacch them the foonery always died 
upon it. 

/_^ A CROSS [wuh Heralis^ 
HH m it an ordinary com^ofed oi 
r™ || 4 iinei, two of which are 

^m m^ perpendicular, and tke other 
HijP two traoTverreyChat meet by 
^^^'^ couples in 4 right angles, and 
ton tains one fiich ot the Ibield, as in the 
fgure. Crofltfs are of yaiious forts. 

To make a CROSS in Corvets 1 [with 

Tomdke a CROSS in B^Ootades } Morfe- 
jMo] is to make a fort of leap or air with 
one breath forwards and backwards, as 
In the figure of • crois. 

CROSS.TR£E jtfrd [in ft Ship] U a 
yard ftandins Iquare juft under the mil- 
jbcn-topy and is fafiened beiow to fit the 

CROTA'PHIUM [with ?bficlans^% 
ptin in that part of the head* 

CROUCHING [ptirocber, F.] bow- 
ing down, ftoopiqg. 

CROUPA'DES [with HorfemenJ are 
leaps oi a horfe that are higher than 
cofvets, which keep the fore and hind 

rrcers of an horfe in an equal height, 
that he trufles his hind leg under 
his keily without yerking or (bewiqg his 

n £41*0 the CROUPB [ in Borfiman-- 
flup] IS ooe hoifeman's making a demi- 
coor upon another* in order to take him 
upon the croup. 

H^itiMU flipf^tig the CROUP [in 
Hptjenmffnp} a term^hich fignifies with- 
ma tran/verltngt without letting the 
croup go out of the volte or the tread 
of the gallop. 

A CROW [cjiape, Sax'2 a bird well 

A CROW ItitgroglyphlctOlyi reprefeots 
a footh&yer, becaule it h dedicated to 
ApoUo the god of foothfayiog and pro- 
phecy. When crows are put together 
they figntfied difcord and war. 

Two CROWS imerogl^bicaUyi being 
put together, figoified ducord and war, 
and were generally accounted unhappy 
birds, and the foretellers of misfortunes. 
This bird was dedicated to Apoiio^ rhe 
god of prophecy and foothfaying, and (o 
it was the fymbol of a foothfayer, and 
«s fodW fay in lator times of an impo. 
fior s becaufe tbofe that pretend to fore, 
tel future events by foch means, an& 
pky the tmpoHor. 

CROWSS fin HenOdn'i boras were 
- the original of crowns, the ancients, both 
^Jt9s and Gentiletf look'd upon horns as 
4 Mkca of fupremc power , uitA we iio 



in the facred fcripture the horn menttoi 
ed as a token ot royal dignity, and tl 
Hebrew word {"^p, fignified both a hoi 
and a crown. ' 

The more ancient kmghts and warrie 
wore horns for their crefts ; but in pn 
cefs ot time, the horns being made 1 
reprefent cuckolds, great men left thei 
ott, and wore crowns inftead of tbea 

The moft ancient kihgs wore on 
wreaths of white and purple in the for 
of Turii/h turban ts, as the token of regal 
ty, or elfe circles or gold with points rifix 
from them, like fome of our prefentcon 
nets. The firli Roman emperors wore no < 
ther than crowns and garlands of laure 
which betokened vi£lory, becaufe tl 
people of Romt: abhorred all figna < 
regality. Domitian was the ErR thi 
wore a creft of gold, and that as pn 
tending to be a god. We are told I 
Aureltus ViSor that the emperor jIuTi 
lion made himfelf an imperial crowi 
adorned with jewels of great value, an 
was followed therein by all his fuccel 

Ac this time there are not only crowi 
for kings or emperors's but coronets fc 
princes, duic es, marquiiTes, 
earJs, vifcounts, barons, 
which fee under their 
proper articles, che£;^- 
lUh crown is in the form 
reprefenced in the ef- 

The Engli/h CROWN is adorr/d wit 
4 crofles in the manner of thofe of M 
ta between which are Flomer-de-U/s^ i 
is cover'd with 4 diadems whicn mM 
a t a little globe fupporting a crois. 

Papal CROWN is compofed of a 7i 
ara, and a triple crown encompsffin; 
the Tiora having 1 pendants, like th 
mitres of bifliops. The(e three crowi 
reprefent the pretended triple capacit 
01 the pope, viz* as high prieR, fuprcm 
;udge and fole legiHator of the cfari 

Imperial CROWN, is a Bonnet orH 
ara with a femi-circie of goid» fuppon 
iog a globe with a crofs at top. 

The Ptencb CROWN is a circle of 
FtameT'de-lis'it encompafs'd wich 6 dii 
dems, bearing at top a double Flawti 
de-lisy which is the creft of Ftance» 

The Stan^ CROWN is adom'd wit 
large indented leaves covered with dis 
dems bordering on a globe fumounie 
with a cro/s. ^ 

CROWN [in n ftguratwe fffrfi]^ 
fies kingdom, empire or dominion. 

CROWN Jhlfiie [ with BoUmifisI 
plaa( (4^64 f mf'i <;r9wo-(hiRl«' . 

Digitized by VjOOQ IC 


fmui «0*Nf It points , 

fmki 7 crowns with 

INmtf CROWNS V pearli or 

aoVN [witb Getmetridms] a plane 
IrW berveen cwo parallel or excen- 
iBifcrineters of circles that are une- 
fi^fCBerated by ihe motioD of fome 
|K or a rigbt fine roimd a cent re, the 
ftB*k| pin Qoc being contiguous to the 


aoWKD [in Barfenmfhip] t horfe 
Itids be crovni'dyWbeQ he is fo hun 
• vended in the knee by a fall or any 
^eriedieac, that the hair ibeds and 
W« dF vhKoQt growing again. 

aOWWNG [with ^cferfJ^] «ny 
<«f rbt lernioates or finiflies a de-o- 
ai:i af irduicftare •, as a comifli , a pe- 
fct, saxcria, Ufc. 

.C40WNS ofcalmtrr [with Afitf*«roto- 
Abjornai-' coloured rings which ap-. 
pBK like Btio*s hot of the colours ot 
ik afr<bov, and at a left diftance than 
'^tommo&BaUfs about the bodies of 
■ *• acrf maoo. 

WtfAlAcijioii Lwiih Cbirurgemi} 
jPhaor cui in fome flcfty parts 
■•Jbfn of a croft. 

•OAnTA Gl^tf [Fo^] /inooth 

OtoaATA Bir&ttf, rongh or hairy 
wawn. L 

iniT7 CRUCIBLE [in Ctywi- 
m Y A otf H^rir.] is cxprefs'd by 
*^ J thefe charaAert. 

aua'CEROUS Icrucker, I.] b^ar- 

aUDE[cnidiif, L-] raw, indigefted, 
wbu aoihad the degree of coSion, 
J* fc«t reqirifite to prepare it for cat- 
V fome other porpofe. 
i^BE OflMifri [in rbsficlfl sire fuc*^ 
■■Bin as want that preparation and c- 
""^(^ which they oidi&arUy receive 

^ODBlITY fcrnifXrttf/,!.] cruelty. 

ClUDENESSf [cruditf, Rcruditas, 

^^TT J I.] rawneft. 

CKCDtTY [with fA^JiW] »• when 

, P "N is not duly fiBrmenicd and 

I {•'^kjDa right coiififten:cj or it may 

I ■ wnei to be that eftate of a difeafc, 

■ •tfck the morHfick matter is of fuch 

2J» %«re, cohefioa, mobility or inatti- 

^lJ^ create or incrtafe the diiMf«. 

„WEINB$S [crudektas, L. cruauti, 

gjtUfOofaefs, ficrceMfs, hard-hearc- 

1*71 21 obge, rigour» uninerdfal tern- 


bruftd, or befpibkled, or hedawhed wit^ 

CRUB'NTOUS[fr««tfMi, 1.] bloody, 
ffcained, )gic. with blood. 

CRu'MBLlNGNESS [ of accjiumian, 
.Su;] tptneis to crum^ble. 

CRU'MMY [of cj^uma. Sax, ] Toft u 
bread i alfo full of crumbs* 

CRU'MPLED [of cpump, &x.] full of 
crumples or creaJes. 

CRU'RA [with A»at(nmJis] the two 
heads or begiomngs of. the marrowy fub« 
ftance of the brain. X. 

CRU'RA Cittoridis [in Atatamji] a mem« 
branous partition that runs down between . 
the Corpora nervo/a from the glaods of ic 
to its divarication, at the Ot puBit» di- 
viding the Clitoris into two parts.) 

CRURiEUS [in Anatomy] a mufcle of 
the leg^fituaie on the bone uf the thigh, ic 
is continued from between the greater* 
and the lefs Trochanter forwards to ita 
lowed part» and is infer ted to a promi- 
nence at the upper and forepart of th« 
bone Tibia. 1. 

CRUSE [crucbet F. |cu^, Diu] a phial 
for oil or vinegar. 

CRU'STA nUofa [ with Anatomifit ] 
the fourth tunic or coac of the fto* 
mach. £,. 

CRUST A'CEOUS ^f7/-ii/Ki«/, atefiibes 
covered with fltel Is, which are made up 
of feveral joints, fuch as lobfters, crabs, 
cray-fifli, Jyc. , 

CRUSTA'CEOUS Shells^ are genfr«- 
ly fofter than teftaceous ones, whr** •'0 
intirely of one piece, and are ^mur-^ a *" 
der, thicker and ftronger chao 'niftacc- 
ous ones, as fcallops, oyftera cockles^ 

^RUSTA'CBOUSNESS n:n</?tf 1 \ « 
fteJ, courteuz, F,] hardi^w, like, or be- 
ing covered with a fteU, as fljell-nib. 

CRUSTI'FICK IcTHflifictu^ X. ] that 
bringeth a cruft or skin. 

CRU'STINBSS [of crmiUuxt K crij^d- 
y«j, L.] hardnela of breads ^Xio pettiih-: 
ncfs of "temper. 

CRY 4e Guerre^ a gcotral cry through- 
out an army, upon its approach to battle, 
with which the aflailanti animate their 
fiiendf, and endeavour to difcour'ge their 
enemies > the true cry of war was ori- 
ginally no other thanconfuied (houtsmad© 
by the ioldiers to exprefs their alacrity 
and readincfs to engage. ^ _.•,..■* 

When the chriftian leligton prevail d^ 
the European nations having chofcn a tu- 
telar Saint, made Mm their j:ry of war, 
thus the Eng^ anciently us d to caU ij»^ 
on St. Geofge as their patron 'wntt.^'*'* 
being now lookM upon as fuperftitioos, 
it is at pccfcut Wducc4 ?nJytP fbiXt^u 

Digitized by VjOOQ IC 


*f ho Cry of Wtance is Monjojie St^Deivfu or 

as others fay Moult Joye St. Denys^ he be- 
jng chofen ior the patron lainc of Ffance^ 
which was firft taken up by Clovis the 
firft Chriftiau kJ')g o<" Prance. The cry of 
the Sp<miardj h Santiago, i, e> St. y4ififi 
the purr ..^ ^iir.f of ^jpdin. This Cry de 
CuerreU not uied it the firft engaging 
o^ armies s biu when they hav^e been bro- 
ken and difperfed, in order to their know- 
ing where the remains of their party are in 


Or^er ro their rallying again. 

CRYMO'DB? [with rh^ims] a cold 
ftivering fever, but frequently accompani- 
ed with an Inflammation of the inner 

CRYPHAGE'NITUS lufu^ or */»(/- 
^«tyriTtc, Gt. fecretly born] was a god 
of Tbebes in VhrWA% whom they account - 
edinMQortal. ^roJofffi relates, that the 
Thebaas were the only people in all Egypt 
that refufed to admit the extravagant m- 
perditions of other cities, and that they 
woiild never give divine honour to mor- 
tal gods. It is probible, that this fingu- 
gularity might proceed from fome impref- 
bons the ifiaeUtes had left among them, 
For the city of Thehes was Dcxt neighbour 
to I he land of G^Jhfn, 

CRYPSO'RCHIS [of */>t/;r7a» to hide, 
tnd $p;^ic the teilicle] a difeafe when the 
^efticles are hid in the belly. 

CHYTTICK [cryptlcus^ X. of Kfuirli- 
\Uy GtJ] hidden, fecret, hid under ground. 

CRYPTOPO'RTICUS [of */»</J«, Gr. 
J® ^de, and porticus, X. porch, ^c] a 
fecrctyiralk or vault ui»der ground or tu 
fome K:v place ; a gallery clofe4 on aH 
^^''l '° ^ cool in lummer ; a ^ror. a 
cloifter. X. 

CRY'STV, [tn Cbymcid mitivgs'\ Is 
•xprefled by fMscharaacr, T. * "' 

CRYSTAL nlmerdl^ is falt-pctre pre. 
P«red with fulphur the faU-petre befnc 
put m tt crucible and fet in a furnace, and 
yhen ic is in fu6oii, a fmall quantity of 
flower of fulphur it added at feveral times 
the quar^ity of two drains of fulphur to 
caght ounces of faU»petre. 

aDd/*^irT,/* Gr.] a fort o? divination or 
foretelling fotare events by means of a 
mirror or Jooking-gUfs. 

- CRY'STALSo/<b/^[withCtoi»i3 
IS a fojutiop of copper in fplrfc of nitre, 
evaporated and cryftalliied to gain the 

ki* •n^'IV^y^^ *'• "^^ Mcaufticks, 
>it will diflblve if cxpofed to the air. 

CRYSTALS of Kfliii [with ^j^i] 
common verdegrea/e diflblved in diftillcd 

^aitS? ""^ ^" *° • ^'^^^ p^^^® ^° ""^y- 

CflYSTALSc/^fww, isallompufifi 

flrcr dormitory. 

'UBB, h a figure compre- y* ' ' 

ded under (ix equal fities, f / 

\ being a geometrical I I 

ire, the fame as a die, I \j 

in the figure. r 1/ 

ed tod reduced iaco cryftals In the ian 
manner as tartar; the cryftals ar^ qa 
drangular and brilliant like diamonds. 

CRYSTALS of Tartar y is lanarpui 
fied and diiTolved, and again coagul^^ed 
rorm of cryftals. To do this, ihcy fat 
the tartar in water, skim it and ftraiai 
a dwhen it isc^ol, iittl% white, fluoii 
cryftil^ are formed at the edges, and al 
a pellicle or cream fwimming at the to 
CRYSTALS of Tartar cb^beated, 
when t\tt tartar is impregnated with d 
moft d'flbluble pars of iron. 
. CRYSTALS of Tartar emetickfUMihi 
It IS charged with the fulphureous par 
of antimony to make it vomitiye. 
^ CRYSTALS of Mars, is iron rcduc< 
into f^lrs by an acii liquor. 

CU'BA [amorig the Romans'i a deii 

fuppos'd to rock infants in their cradles. 

CU'iJATORY Icuhatorium, JL] a doi 

miter cr dormitory. 

CUBE, is a figure compre- 
hended ■ ' ' ' ' 


as in the figure. 

CX3BB Square [in Geome^ry^ is thebi 
quadrate or 4th power, which rsprodi 
ced bv the root or fide being thrice ma 
tipl-ed into itfelf j thus taking 3 for ti 
fide, 9 is the fquare, 27 the cube-fOTU 
or biquadrate. 

^ CU'BIC [uuCiKit, Gr.;i of or pernio 
ing to or having the figure of a cube. 
CU'BTCAL Artety [with Astewi^j] 
branch of the axillary artery. 

CUBICAL Paraboloii, a parabola ( 
the higher kind, uaz xszy^^ W, 

CU'BEDCUBB [wi[hJI£itJvii^i^. 
is the 6fh power of any number orqoar 
tity, fo 729 is a cubed cube raifed from ihi 
root 3 times $ multiplied into itfelf. 

CUBIT^'dS extenuu [iaAKatam} 
mufcle arifing from the outward knob c 
the OS humeri, and is infer ted to the of 
per and outward part oi the os metacat 
pi of the little finger j its ufe is to exici^ 
the wnft. 

CUBIT/EUS mtemus [in Amn^] > 
mufcle fpringing from the inward knob 
the flioulder-bone, whence ic paflea alooj 
the tUi^ and comes to its implantatioa ii 
the fourth bone of the corpus^ and cAsoi 
metaci^pi of the little finger. It helps tc 
bend the wrift. 

CU'BUS CUBT, the 9th powv, ot 1 
number multiplied 8 times into itfelf. 

CUBOl'DES [with Anatq/ntAs^l the 7*] 
b^ne of the tarflu of the foot $ whtch i 
joined behind to the or calcLt s befora 
to the outer bones of the metatdo-fiu -, an 
■on the infidc, 10 the »^ cimeiforme. 


Digitized by LnOOglC 


"oiCHFRIIS lOU hm Mgccrds'J t 
0BEker« imer or fettiog doo. 

COCULLA'AIS, alfo abtd Trapetius 
Mk M^omUls^ u a maicle of the fboul- 
mAhiit or fc^mU, which arifet from 
Ac tg c^itfM, Lhe 4(4Mraliai coffi. and 
iht Of of cheijpine of the Uft vertdra of 
thiflck s anJ alio from (ho eifthc uppar 
caei af (be cfaell, and h tnferted to the 
ff a arrfi i and x!hm fyimd fcapMU i it iscaU 
kd cttalUris of cmcuUa a monk's-hood 
or covl, bocanle this together with i(f 
ftfloirlears a lofemblaace to it, corerinc 
Utokaek. £. 

COCOOX ATED TcHoiUtut. JL] hood- 

CtrcOIUS fwich Boiaaifisl the herb 
iQgN^ide. x: 

COarRBlTA, a gourd. £. 

COCmtBlTA 1 a capiiii^.gUrs 

COCUKSinraLA f or hollow vaflel 
■ifc or tiD, Igrc. nled commonly in ba* 
fiioV. ift^ <Fpl/ it to the body etcher 
*i:k or withoat Icarification, to diTen 
or 4m the blood into Tome other part ; 
V if tc bo oorropt, to eracuace it or lec 
ic oar. 


Mt fcwiftracion, and is commonly appii- 
odarlKoo to the mofi fleifay parts, where 
f^^ h w> danger of hurting the large 
vcftin^Bcrrcs. Z 
•\ ^ ^ CUCU'RBIT [in Ciy 

ffL II mical IVntings) it ex- 
a^ C3 pre^fi ^ K'^^ charae- 

ACUCU'RBITE [with Cby, 
mifisj a veflel of glafs, Iffc. 
for diftillatioos and redi&ca- 
tioot, ofiially by them called 
a body, ID this form. 
CUCOaBITA'CfiOUS PLpUi, fuch as 
■fevUo o goard. 

COCORBm'NB IcucurBkimu, X.] of 
or Bwtt gjMinMu 
COD- WEBD 1 [with Botmifts^ ^ P^^nc 
ClJD*WO&T| whoie leaTcs are made 
afe of iaftcad of cotton, and thence it is 
CiUod ooctoo-weed. 
COL DB LAMP lArdfiteaureJ feveral 
in mafonry, Iffc* in vaults and 
finilh the bottom of works, 
wrea(h6d in the manner of 
aieCado. R 

COL DB FOUR iMapmyl a fort of 
W Ipboiical vault like an oven. K 

CDL PB FOUR cf a ^che IMa/on-- 
^cho otdked vault of o niche on a plto 
H is cimdar. 

CDLDEB'Si m fed of religious people, 
<Kif«l7ia Scone in ScctUadf Jgrc. fo cal- 
^ o cwiaida 1>mm^ u e* Irom their 
W*iW««B Ood. 

}a cupping vcf- 
fel ufed with- 


COaWARY Rn [accordJnjf to Bdor- 
have] a portion of pure elementary or 
folar firoy atrraded by .oily or folphureout 
parts of the fuel, with fuch velocity chac 
It moves the fame, agitates and whirls 
them violently about, and by degrees 
breaks and attenuates them, renders them 
volatile, and difperfes them into air. 
CU'LLBNDBR. Stt Colander. 
CU'LLIAGEI acuaom ot the lords ly. 
CU'LLAGB I ing the firft night with 
their va/Tars bridest 
CUTLOT, a cu/hion for riding pofL 
CULMI'FEROUS [of culmus ^xti firo^ 
Z.} bearing fteqis and ftalks. 

CU'LMINANT JctOmhkau, X.] rifiaf 
up to the top or height, culmination. 
, CaLMlNATlON, an afconding or com- 
iog to tho top. 

CU'LMUS [with Boton^s] properif 
Che ftem or ftalk of corn or grais, dittin* 
gui(bed from that of all other plaois, 
which is termed cauUs. X. 
CuaPABLBNESS irculpaiiiUoi, 1.1 
CULPABiaiTY I blame-worchiners, 
guiltiuefs, faultineis. 

CULPA'TION, a blaming, a finding 
fault. Z. 

CULRA'GB, the herb Arfe-fmarr. 
, CU'LVBNAGB,fa{nt'heartedoeisstur» 
ing tail CO run away. 

CU'LVBRIN [couieutfrlney R of coin- 
her, Z. a fnake J a piece of ordnance of 
(cieral dzes. 

CU'LVERIN of the U^fi fixe [with 
Guaiert] a piece of ordnance of ^ inches 
diameter at the bore, weight about 4009 
pound) carries a ball of 4 inches 3 quar» 
cers diameter, and 14 pound weight, and 
requires a chtrge of 10 pound of powder. 
CU'LVERIN Ordinary [with Gamer/] 
is a larger gun of about 45000 pound 
weight, is 5 inches x quarter diameter ac 
the bore, carries a ball of 17 pound % 
ounces weight, and 5 inches diameter, 
and requires a charge of xx pound 6 oun- 
ces of powder. 

CULVERIN Eztraordinary [withGwi- 
ners] a large piece ot ordnance in length 
about X 3 foot, weighing 48000 pound, the 
diameter at the bore Ming 5 inches and a 
hall, carries a fliot of 5 inches t quarter 
dianoecer, and lo pound weight, and re- 
quires a charge ot 1% pounds and a half 
of powder. 

CU'LVBR-TAILING [with Ship- 
wrigbu 1 h Che fattening or letting on« 
timber into another, fo ihoc they cannot 
flip out, as the carliogs into the beams o£ 

CU'LVBRTAGB [in the Narmrn law} 
the ofcbeat or forfeiture of thelaods of a 
vaflal CO the lord of the fee. 


Digitized by VjOOQ IC 


CQ'MBRANCES. xncumbrflnceg. 
f CU'MBROUS, cumbeifom. Miiion. 

CU'MBERSOMNBSS f prob. of cumu" 
|iri, X. an heap or kummetll, Teut.} un- 

CU'MMIN iKu'fAim, Gr>3 an herb like 
Fennel, but lefs 5 the feed of which is 
^ood in col^cksy yc, 

CUMUIO'SE Icumdofus^ X.l full of 

CUNCTIVOTENT [etinaipoteiu^ 1.1 
mil powerful. 

CUNCTl'TENENT [cunaitenens, I.] 
koldinK or poffeffinji all things. 

CU'NEAL [cwiealh, 1.] in the form 
ot & wedge. 

CO'NBATED [ciaieatust X.] made in 
form of a wedge. 

CU^NEUS, a wedge, one of the 6 prin- 
ciples in mechanicks. i. 

CUNEUS [in Ancient Deeds'] a mint or 
place wherr money is co^>ed. 

. CONICULO'SE Icmktdofiis, I.] fuU 
of coneys or coney burroughs. 

CUNILA \^BotMj] Savoury, Marjoram 
with the ijsiall leaf, and Penny- royal with 
Ihe broad-leaf. X. 

CUNILA'GO iBotmy'] the herb Flea- 
bane or Moth- mullein, or a kind of Sa- 
voury or origanum. X. 
• CO'NINA, a deity. See CtAa, 

CU'NNINGI [&tf term] direding, es 

CO'NDING I the cunning of a fliip U 
the dire&ing 'the perfon at helm how to 
^er her. 

CU'NNINONESS [ cunningnej-p , 
^ax, j crattine^s, ^C^ 

CU'NNUS [of Y.vm, Gr. to bring foribj 
clie pudendum muliehre, 

CU'PiD [cupido^ X] the fabulous god 
of love ;. painters, \ffc. reprefem him like 
» bo^ niked, and having wirgs, carrying 
• quiver on his flioulder, and holding a 
torch id one hand, and a bow with darrs 
In the other, to give defperate wounds 
CO the hearts of lovers; but with a veil 
caft over his eyes to intimate that love 
is blind. 

Ai there were two Venut's^ to there 
were two Cupids^ the firft named EKOS^ 
the fon of /uf iter ^nd Venus y the encou- 
iager of a ctleftial loyc, which iroprinrs 
that fpirit in nature itfclf, from whence 
arifes the harmony of the elements, and 
the copulation of animals: the other Cu- 
pid was named ANTEROS, the fon ol Ve 
nus and Mars, a vulgar deity, whofe fol> 
lowers are drunkennefs, forrow and con- 
tention: He is like wife the deity that 
levenges flighted love. 

They are both of them reprefented as 
boys, naked, winged and blinded, arm'd 
with a bow, arrows and 4 toich ; ihcy 


have two darts of different natrfres^ ot 
golden whicli procures love and the oth< 
leaden which caufes hatred. 

Ci^id is alfo painted crown'd wii 
rofes, holding a rofe in one hand and 
dolphin in the other : fometimes ftanc 
ing dofe by fortune j fomecimea be twee 
Hercules and Mercury^ to intimate cfaa 
love is moft prevalent when ir i* actenc 
ed on by eloquence ai;d valour. 

CU'PULO [in Arcbiteaure2 an arche 
room or turret, (landing on the very to 
of a dome or great building in form eithc 
of a circle or polygon j othcrwife calle 
a lanthom, 

CU'RABLBNESS [of curare^ Z. tt 
heal and nefi] capablenefs of cure. 

CDRA'TOR ICivUlav] a pcrfon re 
gularly appointed to take care of ano- 
ther. X. 

To give a leap upon the curb f witl 
Hor/emen] is to Ihorten the curb by lay- 
ing one of cbe mails or S like joints o; 
the chain over the reft. 

A CDRB [with Farriers] is ahardani 
callous tumour running on the infide Oil 
a horfe's hoof, 1. e> on that part of the 
hoof cha^ h oppofite to the leg of cbQ 
fame fide. 

CURE [with Falconers'^ a remedy which 
they give their. hawks m lorm ot little 
balls or pellets of hemp, cotton or fca- 
chersy to imbibe or drink up their phlegm. 

CURETESy are faid to be defcended 
of the Daffyliy who were priefU of the 
goddefs V^. They firft taogh t men how 
to manage flocks of fbeep, and to Uise 
and breed up herds of other cattle, to ga» 
ther honey, to live in focieties to huoc, 
caft darts, ufe fwords, targets and helmeta, 
of which they were faid to be the in- 

To thefe Curetes Jthea h faid to have 
committed the care of Jupiter* To pre- 
fer ve him from his fzthcr Saturn ; ind they 
by dancing in armour and claOiing their 
weapons to the found of pipes, drama 
and cymbals, made fuch a noUe as lirowD* 
ed the cry of this infant god. 

CURIA Cattonicorum, the conrt-locjge 
or manour-houfi! in a lordifaipi pertainii^ 
to fome religious order. X> 

CURIA Domini^ the honfe, hall or 
court of the lord, where all the tenants 
are bound to give their attendance if need 
re<]uire, every 3 weeks, but more efpeci- 
ally on Ladj-dajf and JAcbaelmas'-da§ \ a 
court anciently held at CariikraokrC^lef 
in the ifle oflf^ight. X. 

CURIA Perfons, the parronage or ptr» 
Ton's manfion-houie. X. 

CURI£ Generates [m CommoH Xdv] 
thofe general aud folema couruj which 

Ci ' ^^^ 

Digitized by VJ<U --^ -- - 



VCrtkUbf tlielorJo£tlie mteour twice | equtcion of «q indecermfnace degree ; kit 
It yoTi sis- 00 the annaDciiiioo of the I ditfcfenrly according to the diveriity of 
jfiipi Aty And Sc. MicimVi dxj. \ their kind 

(MIA Mv€tiau^ the dacy of comiog 
■ pijffiiit lad leivice to fucha Lord. X* 

CDXrO'SITr l [cur/o/fM/,!-] over- 

CrWOUSNESS I much care ; a p«f- 
fioBCidebe of feeing or knowing } alfo 
delhxrclsor niceDersi a railcy or cu- 
rioB rkiif. 

COlaENTNESS [of cunenty !•] cur- 
Vcjr, btnog a tires courfe. 

CatlENTS [with NaulgatoTs] are 
^eaaoi ouxions of the waters, which 
ii ceniin adtodes run and iet on par- 
flbir points ot the compars: and ofu. 
^ ibeir (ofce is coo/ormahle to the 
noM of ibe iBocn« fo as Ap he more 
n^ oilroDS when the is ac the change 
Grtd,ad the weaker when ihe is in 

CU'RRIERS were in- 
corporated anno 14B8, in 
the lach of K. Benry I. 
and hear for their armo- 
rial enfigns; fitle^ a 

il'd c 

tween 4 pair of fliares 
in faltire argent. The 
cieft 2 arms, the hands 
holding a ihave, ihe Tap- 

porant hick «r and a goat argent, 

Tkeaoao, Sfes ntSra Deut, 
ndf ban If fiiuace near the iVefl-txid 

WMllSH[oflin«ll» Teut. to grin] 
nr-ii^ dqggift, churliUij furly, ill-oa- 

CrUlSHNBSS [probably of CUr, a 
■*<"*^] doggifhncfs, fnarb'ng. 

CCISEDNESS [of cujiye, Afar.] the 
ittifWiBrnog of a curfc, vilenefs, Jjf^. 
^CClSOR, a little brafs ruler, reprefent- 
^ the korii'>n ; a roler or label. JL 

WESORINESS fof curforius, X.] ha- 
■^ romiBg oTcr flightly. 

OUTATE 0(^i«ce [with Afironmers] 
htkfiboce of a planet's place from 
•i m reduced to the ecliptick. 

5JTE$Y of EaeUtnd. See reifltipj^. 

CCtTILAGB [in lam] a piece of 
gfa p^ or firoand, Igfc. or yard pcr- 
™i| » or lying near an houfe, 

COtTLASS [q. d. Curtailed or curt axe] 
I Bon fiwid, a kind or a hanger. 
. hSfobm ef a CURVE, is the find- 
%vt a rtjht line equal to a curve. 
^^^ve of a CURVE, i$ the find- 
■I* of the area or ipace included by 
^*n$ or the affigning of a »quadran- 
'•••N to a cutviHneal fpace. 

Jp <f CURVES, an a0cmblage or 

jgw* of ievertl curves of diwrent 

1^4 which ata defined hy U|p (ame 

CUSCUTA") [Botairf] the herb dod- 
CASSU'TA I dcr or withwind. X. 
CUSTIDATED Hyperbola [vf'nh Matb.J 
a kind of liyperhola^ whole 4 parts con-* 
cur and rerroinaie in the an}>Ie ofconraA. 
CUSTODES I'lbertatis Angli£ autbori- 
tate parliamenth ^^^ ^^f ^^^^ wnere- 
in (Le writs and other judicial proceedings 
did run during the time of ihe behead- 
ing king Charles I* till Crompell took 
upon him to be proce£lor. I* 

CU'STOM, was firft paid in Englandin 
the reign of Henry VI. when the par- 
liament fettled a duty in the year 1425 
of iz</. in itit pound upon all merchar.« 
dizes in^ported or exported^ ihU cuftom 
was f.'ttled but for 3 y,*ars« and in the 
a£t was a ptt^vif),' chat the king ihould 
not make a grant to any perfon, nor thac 
it Ihould be any prefident ioi the like ta 
be done 1 but yet all the kii^ (tnce hij 
time have had it for liie. 

Generai CUSTOM [in Im] Is a cu- 
ftom which is allowed throughout th« 
whole kingdom of England, 

Particular CUSTOM [in law'] is thac 
which belongs 10 this or chat particular 
as gavel-hnd to Kent^ or fuch as thae 
of a lordOiip, city or town. 

CUSTOM [with Trade/me^] the prac- 
tice Or bufinefs of a (hop. 

CU'STOMABLENISSl [of coutwne 
marinefs, liablenefs to pay cuftom. 

CU'STOS Placitorum Corona [ Old 
Ric] feems to be the fame g with Ctifioi 
Rotulorum, L. 

^ CUSTOS fpititudtium^ one who exerl 
cifcs fpiritual or ecclefiaftical jurifdi&ioa 
during the vacancy of a biibop's fee. X. 
CUSTOS temporaUumt one to whofe 
suftody a vacant fee was committed hf 
the king, who as a fteward was to |;iv9 
an account of the goods and profits into 
the Efcheater^ and he into (he Excke^ 
quet. Z. 

CUSTOM A'RIUS [OW Rec,] an in'c- 
rior tenant in foccage or villenage, who 
by cuftom is oblig'd to pay (uch and fuck 
fervice of work for his lord. 

To CUT the SoundX [ in Horfirrum* 
To CUT the Volte f Jhip ] is to 
change the hand, when a horle works 
upon volts of one tread > fo that dividing 
the volt in two, he turns and ptm up- 
on a rijzht line to recommence anotbervolr. 
CUT and LONG-TAIL, all logethec 
univer Tally. 

CVTh I acutus, L] (hiTj^, 9uick-wit- 


Digitized by VnOOQlC 


CUTIS [fn Anatcmy] the Inner Ain, 
which lies under the cmicle or fcarl 
skin, is thickiih, alfo full of pores* It 
coniifts o{ feveral filaments of the veins, 
aneries, nerves «nd fibres, interwoven 
one with anorher «Qd lull of glandules, 
lymphedof^s, ^^C. 

CUTTING lvfithPainters'\ is thclay- 
in^ one ftrong lively colour oti another 
without any lliade or foftcnin?. 

CUTTING [with Horjemen] is when 
• the leet of a horfe interfere } or when 
he beats off the sjcin ofthepaftern joint 
of one foot with another. 

CUTTLB f/jfe, afea fifli, which throw, 
ingouta black juice like ink, lies hid in 
the water in that obfcurity, andfo efcapes 
the filher. 

CUTLERS were firE 
incorporated .^^Airo 141 3 
by Henry VI. confirin'd 
by ievtral of our kings 
fmce, and by K. James ^ 
I. Their arms are Gttifi 
6> daggers in 9 faltire 
croiles ardent, handled 
and hiked or pointing 
towards the chief. The 
fupponers 2 elephants argent, the creft 
a third, with a caftle 00 his back or. 

Their hall is on the fiidb fide of doie" 

CUZ, a name or title among Trinters, 
given to one who fnbmics to the per- 
iormance of fome jocular ceremonies; 
after which, and a drinking bout, he is 
intitled to fome peculiar privileges in 
the cbapel or priniing'houfe. 

CYA'MUS [xv«/u©*« ^'••] the bean, a 
fort of pulfc, 

CY'ANUS [xu</n®-, Gr, a kind of jaf 
per-fiore of an azure colour. 

CYANUS [with Botamfis J a flower 
called blue-bottle. 

CYATI'SCUS [of xu'aB^, Gr, a cup] 
an inftruinent to pour any thing into a 

CY'BELE [according to the Tagan The' 
clogy] was the wife of Saturn, She was 
alto called Py/id/m^^n^, Berecyntbia and the 
grand-mother ; not only, becaufe (he was 
the mother of the gods, bur becaufe (he 
was the goddefs of the earth. And for 
that «reafon the Latins called her 0/>/, 
and the GreeJts Rbea^ fiie was alfo called 
Vefla, She is fomecimes taken lor fire, 
and fometimes for the earth.' 

She was alfo called ^ia Dea, becaufe 
Ae was born in Syria, 

She was reprefcm ed with towers on her 
head, fitting in a chariot drawn by Iior.s,and 
a great number of trees and animals lound 
about her. Her folemn feftivals were cal- 
ico Megakfia, and were hpld e^ery fourck 


.moDtb, Her priefts were called GtiU 
us or Gallic and the chief of 'em Arc,M 
luSt becaufe they were chofen out 
Gaiio GreciXy a province of 4fia Mho, 
joining to Ptrygia i they were alfo a 
led Cotybantest and in their celebiatn 
of her rites a6ted the part of wiadm 
with their drums, trumpets, and fuch < 
ther inftruments, firgings, howiings, cu 
ting themfelves d^perately and all th 
they met. 

Thofe Gouts that bad planted then 
felves in rhygia, in thefe Megalefut rm 
ed themieves to fuch a pitch of lury b 
the forementioned inftruments, ^. thj 
they became really mad, and io wamoi 
neis often wounded one another wit 
fwords and other weapons, and at tt 
condufion walhed their bodies and wouni 
in fome river dedicated to this goddefs. 

C^le was the daughter of Menoe^^taa^ 
of rbfygia, and upon fome di&aSJte tha 
her iamer had taken agatnft her mother 
was thrown ino a wood to bedevoore 
by the wild beafts. But being happili 
found by a Aepherd, he brought bei 
home, and bred her up as his own. 

She was cxtraprdinary beautiful, ta 
as fhe grew to years of underftandiq 
became very famous for her skill in mu 
fick, and curing the difeafes of infants 
fo that the king acknowledgd her foi 
hiS daughter, and granted her a train ac 
cording to her quality. 

She afterwards fell in love with • ^unj 
man named Aiys ; but he not obtaining 
liberty to marry her, (he wjas got with 
child by him, for which Atys was con. 
demned to dye, which caufed her to run 
mad fori grief, and leaviiig her fcithcr*i 
court, flie ran up and down the coon- 
try with a pipe and drum in her hand. 

Alter her death the Pbrjgians^ being 
dffiifted with fcarcity of corn and diven 
difeafes, upon confulting the oracle, they 
were advis'd to worlhip Cj^Uf as a god- 
defs, in order to get themfelves extri- 
cated out of thofe calamities* 

The Romans had no great knowledge 
of this goddels till Hamubal with his ar- 
my was in the bowels of Jtalf, ind ibc 
Icnate of Rome being terrified with (tft- 
ral prodigious accidents that happened 
at that time, they fent to confult the 
books of the Sibyls^ and being ioformed 
that the Cartbagtnians might be expcU'd 
Italy^ if the Mater Um came to Rmei 
they fent ambafTadors to AttaUs king ot 
Pbrygia, to intreat him to fend them the 
ftone flatue of this goddefs, which vti 
'- the town Fi^RHn/^. ' It being brought 

Roifff , all the dames in the dry went 

; to meet and welcome it as ixt •* 

Digitized by LnOOQlC 

C T 

M BOoth of the rirer TtUf I ia! the 
■s far tbe7 ereded a temple for her. 

Tte pioe-cree aod the box were con- 
fanoed 10 this goddefs. 

aaA'MEN(»vsMi<«»^> Cr.] Sow- 

CTtLOlD [in Gti/meiry] " « curve 
tt BCD^fcribed by the point tf =n the 
poipkeno^ adrek* while ?he circle rolls 
tlo^ I right line; as BD fr m the poioc 
Iwbweilic conre beRi s. ro the point 
vbere it ends : this is alTo call'd a 

CfaOflON [of ai/aXlai to far- 
f0^jad*4 (be eye Jche white of the eye. 

CTCL0f5 [iftxXi^f f- ^* haring a 
fle«dc7«,Grn the firft inbabicants of 
$€i^i neo 01 a gigantick fize, as ap- 
y»ie4 ii7 bones fcimd in feveraJ combs, 
ihey vete rery fa?age, and frequented 
cUnf DC neighboarbood of mount Mt- 
•<• vheice the poe^s cook occafion to 
xcerdbs tbem as Vukdnt workmen, 
wiQi be employed to make thanderbolis 

CrCLUS [«/*X^, Gt:] a circle or 
.-B^i t cfck, as of the fun, moon^ 

CTaus?tf/c^/, acycle to find out 
the ttlTil ot Ecfin, L. 
CTIK/NIA Mdto, quinces.' 
CT PyNlOM, q^iddany, conferve or 
WKmhk of quinces. L. 
'CT*CNO$, a fwan. The poe^ tell 
g^ tfat 7'^^''' 10"'*^ Ifemfis under that 
■i» (br flic inrn'd herfelf into all forms 
^*K fte might prefcnre her virginity) 
M hft of til into the form of a fwan. 
took upon him the 
and flew to Rbamnus 
^^—j — "f-rc trod Nemtfiu She 
55?^* from irhencc Helena was pro- 
22^* fl* poet relates. Moreover Ju- 
Pf^i^teak he di4 not put off the form 
•^*»fcta, but flew hack to heaven 
"'Aw form, made the form of a 
iMBg the ftars, that he had tf- 
»*en be flew. 
DEK [with Swgemut }ffc.'] a 

RICALNESS [of girmire, F. 
i. ot wUfJ'fQ', Gr.] the be* 
"^lindrical form. 
KO-MBTKIC ScaUt <n in- 
fer mcaforing of cylindrical di- 

gJJtfoftUinto I 
■JkcwpoQ 7tipiur 
5* of ckii bird, an 
» JBicf, tnd there 

C Y 

CYLI'NDRUS r with PiyfiCiMs ] * 
plaifter made oblong, which ibme phy- 
ficians call Magdaleo. 

CY'LLUM [or Ju;AAo», Gr,^ to make 
lame, alaxation of the leg. 

CY'LLOSIS7 [ with Surgeons] a lejt 

CY'LLUM i put out oi joints aUo 
one lame and crooked. F 

CYMATiUM [«//*a7<#», Gr.2 a little 

CYMATIUM [with Arcbiteas;} a mem- 
ber or moulding of the cornice, whbfe 
profile is waved, i. e. concave at the top^ 
and convex at the bottom. 

Doric CYMATIUM [Arcb'tteaure] Is a 
cave ( , or a cavity lefs than a femicircle, 
h^vin:^ '>isprojedure fubduple its height. 

Lfifc^ CYMATIUM, is a concave- 
convex member, having its projeftur^ 
fubiupleits height. 

Tufcan C Y M ATIOM, conGfts of an ovo- 
lo or quarter-round. 

CYMBALA'RIA, the herb Penny-roy* 
al. i. 

CY'MBIFORMB 0/ [of cymBa, Z. a 
boat] the fame as Oi tJOvicularey i. e* the 
third bone in each foot, in that part ofic 
wh*ch immediately fucceeds the leg. L. 

CY'MINUM [*i*/u<MT, Gr.J the herb 

CYNA'NCHE [»wT*>;c"» of^'^adof, 
and A>;t" P"*"» ^^^ afquinancy or quin- 
fey, an inflammation of the inner mufcles 
ot the throat, attended with a difficulty 
of breaching and a continual fever ; a dif* 
eafe chat dogs are frequently troubled with. 

CYNA'NTHBMIS fof «i>^ and Ar- 
3^, Gr. a f!o*erJ May- weed or Stink- 
ing- chamomil. 

CYNA'K A [**r«^/*, Or.] the artichoke^ 
a plant. 1. 

CY'NCHRAMUS [auVxW^^N Or.'] € 
bird fomethbg larger than a crcfted lark, 
and arcounted a great delicacy in lUUy. 

CY'NIC ALNESS [o\ c^nique^ F. cyni- 
Ctu^ 1. of auwf , Gr* a dog] churliflinefs, 
morofenefs. ^ , , . 

CY'NICUS SPASMUS [with rbyfici- 
ansj the dog- cramp 5 i* a convulfion ot 
the mufclesof the mouth, which draws ic 
fo awry, that it refembles the grinning 

of a dog. , r , . y. f 

CYNOBO'TANB [of aiJvof and ;g«T«rt, 

Gr] the hc'.b (linking Mayweed. 

CYNOCE'PHALE [of at/W and m^aXi 

the head, Gr.] an herb bearing a flowec 

refcmbHng a dog's head. 

CYNOCE'PHALIS 1 [ »i/fo«r#*X^» 
CYNOCETHALUS f a kind of ape 

with a head like a dog j the dog-headed 

baboon or monkey, r , ,-:^-^i 

the dog-headed ape or monkey* 



Digitized by VjjOOQIC 

C Y 

A CYNOCE'PHALUS iHieroglypbicah 
Jh"] wa« by the ancienc l^ptiaiu ufed co 
reprefcnc the moon, gnd ^nlfyM the dif- 
ferent mouons of that plinet by the diffe- 
rent pofturc ot that animal. To fignity 
the filing aiidiacicAfc of the moon, ihey 
painied it (landing upright upon his hinder- 
• mo/l tcet, and to fliew the decreafe of it, 
/ it was rcpre/ented lying upon its back as 
dead. ^ And Naturalijis have made this ob- 
fcrvation, ihac apes do fyispithJze with 
the moon, and on thfs account fomc ot 
them were nourifhed by the learned E^p- 
tianSi in order to difcover more Cifily 
and fully the myiteries reining to the 
moon at the rime of its conjunoion with 
and oppofltion ro tl:e fun. 

A CYNOCEPHALUS riding upon a 
fiflj in a rivfr, did hieroglyphically repre- 
fent a prieft, or a man whofe office ob« 
I'ged him to aitendance on the fcrvice of 
the gods. The Egyptian pricfts abftain'd 
from eaiing all k njs of fi ^, and then c 
fomeareof opinion that this hieroglyphick 
imimatcd abftlnence, which is therefore 
recommc; ded to piiefts, ^:, but others 
rather that tne river is a fymbol of the 
foul and plealares of the body, which 
cught to be opncs'd and overcome by thofe 
Who would offer acceptable facrifice to 
Almi^hry God, and be worthy of thacdi> 
vine office of the priefthood. 

CYNOCRA'MBE, ihe herb Dog's Mcr 
cury. i. of Gr^ 

CYNO'DES Orexis [witl^ Pbyfic'tans] a 
dog-like appetite orexcr^jiie hunger, a:- 
leuded with a vomiting ^t" a loofenefs. 

CYNODO'NTES [of xc/«k a dog, and 
c<r«, Gt. a tooth] do^Vteeth. 

CYNO'GLOSSUS [ju,yi>,\»<r«F, Gr.l 
the herb Hoimd's-trn^uc. JL 

CYNOMO'RION [ *c/w/x^e<eT, Gr. 7 

the wild ro'e, or fwcei-briar rofe. 

CYNO'SBATOS f jti/yfi^^rt-rof , Gr.] 
eplmtiue or fwcec-briar j alfo the capcr- 
bum, *^ 

CYPARi'SSJE iKt/vAfiara-iti, Gr,"] cer- 
tain fiery meteors or vapours that appear 
ID the airarnigbt. 

CyPARrSSl'AS rxc/a-Agi^W^f, Gr.l 
rhe largeft kind of Ipurge. 

CYPA'RiSSUS [»i/a-«e^,7r®-. Grl the 
cyprefs tree. X. ^ » J 

CY PHONISM, a tort of torture or 
puni/?)ment ufed by the ancients, which 
lomc fuppofc to be the fmearing the body 
over with honey, and cxpofing the per- 
ion bo'md to flies, wafps, ^c, 

CY'PRESS [cupreffiis, L. *i/T«/)/V(r(^, 
wr.j 4 tfgj which ihc ancicDU accounting 

an emblem of death, u/ed co adorn tM 
fepulchres with it. 

CYPRESS [fo called from the iflandsc 
Cyprus^ from whence they were firl 
brought] a fort of ftuff, partly filk, an 
partly hair, with which formerly hoo« 
and other TeSments for women wer 

CYTRUS [with Botaniftsl a (t.ruh o 
bufhmuch like privet with the ilowerso 
which the inhabitants of the ifle of Ci 
pTus ufed CO make fweet-oil) alfo lia 
drug called camphire. Z. 

CYRENl'ACl [Uom AriftippusQiCyrt 
ne'] a (eSk of philofophers who held tha 
man was bom for pleafures, and that vir 
tue was only fo far laudable as it conducti 

CY'RTOSIS [xiifTairity Gr.} a tumoi 
in any part of the body. 

CY'SSAROS [xfcVo-afOf, of xi/a-.?^, Gt 
the breech] the gut ca.led Re&um, liu 
lowermoft of til ; alfo the fundamenr.. 

CY'STICA IvfUhPbyficians] mcdicioe 
good for difeafes in the bladder. 

CY'STICK [Ktfrtc, GrJ a bladder, cf 
pecially that out of whicn the urioc ant 
gall comes. 

CY'STIS rxv'fic, Gr.} a bladder. 

CY'STIS [with ^fwr^^wi/] abagorskij 
which contains the matter of an impoft 

CYZICE'NES [of the ifland Cjzico. 
mapniHcent banqueting houfes among th< 
GreeltSj always expoftd to the north, and 
commonly opeoiog upod gaideoa. 


Dd Roman, D d Italick, X> ) ExEJlf^, 
D to Saxon, A <t Greelty 1 Hebrevr, 
aie the fourth letters of their refpcflm 

D, is pronounced in mofl or all E^^ 
words except JVednefiiajf* 

D in Latin numbers hgnifies 5ocb and i 
dafl) oyer it as D, 5000. 

D. D ■ [in Jn/criptiont} frequently ftauA 
for Dedicavit Deo, /'. e, he has dedicated 
to Cod, or for Dono Dedlt^ i- e, he pre* 
fcnted Z. 

D. D.D. [in Ihfcrtptians) ftandiofcea 
for Dignum Deo Donwndedtt^ i. e. he of. 
fered an acceptable prefcnt to God. 1. 

D. D. D. Q. [ iu Injcripthns ] ftandi 
for Dat, dicat^ dedkatque^ i. c he gi^eSj 
fets apart, and dedicates. JL* 

p. D. Q. S.. [in Infcriptions} ftands for 
DJis Deabufque Sacrum^ i.e. confecratei 
to die gods and goddefles. X. 

V.ti. N, N» Jia JafcTiptiom} Hands for 

Digitized by VnOOglC 


iMif Hfitt, I. tf. of oar lord. I. 
Pi'BiTIS [with leghuans} ooe of chc 

K^snf r/logifffis. 

DA'BSLER [of T>MtXt1U Du.'} one 
ikatfplilbes or ELin water about i tifo 
OK (Hthcly fjrniihed with aa arc, iffc, as 
iWfVrtPotfiicir, ^jr. 

DACn'LlON [/4«TvXifr, CrJ the 
krbSinuBOnjr. L. 

^DICTY'LIOMANCY [of /-.JiJxwff a 
ragi lad /iiiT(/«^ Gr- divinationj cl.ey 
hU I ri:^ furpeoded by a fine thread 
«er a ntud table oo the edge of which 
*iimd« dirirs marks with the twenty 
fc kjtcn of Che alphabet. The ring 
si sr'br»:ioa (lopping at certain letters, 
tbcy };iQ;r« tkefe together, compofed the 
i^wer fcr vhac they foug&t for. But 
ita ofertcion was picceded by a great 
way I's^ftitious ceremonies. 

DiCmO'NOKfY £ of /«'«TwX®* a 
fc?cr ad »f/u^ law, Gr.J the art ot 
jo^tnag oa the fingers : the rule is this j 
«>2c:)iumb is reckoned i, the index i, 
*>J^ QQ 10 the right chunb which Is the 
^K taj denoted by the cypher o. 

l^^ 1 ftJH, C. Br. daddd, /mZ.] 

DaDDA f a name by which yooog 
"wren call their fathers. 
^iMJCHIfof/aV anunSuousandre- 
Bssvood Of which the ancienis maxfe 
y^ tod lj(tt to hold or have] torch- 
J*««j piiefts oiO^feie^ who ran about 
««aplewith lighted torches iaiheir 

,D«)AluS [/a/J'tfAO', I. *. Wtifi. 
o»*i rf Ti /«i|/i£^jOMr to do artifidally, 
^«/«i« (okoowl an Athenian artificer, 
« *» of Kfcioii, faid to have lived 
** 1874. about the time that Gideon 
iWJif^^'^o him is attributed the ia- 
!*•<* of the f*w and ax, the plummer, 
IJI** t^3e, and cement s and he is faid 
jj^hts miie ftatues with machinery 
*c^ eyes would move as t ho* living. 
•tonfei for the death of Perdiz, his 
*i ke fied into f r^fe, and there 
ilibfrinth for Minoi, into which 
"Jjjw hia and his fon Earus, as the 
r^jfi for making a cow ol wood, 
~L J*^ f^pbde otvD% pur, was lain 
^ fcf* Villi Tee F4ftrl;rfft The grounds 
« »4jih f^blc IS, Dtdalus was privy to 
« ii^ of F4i;>£we the wife of Jli- 
2^ .-'^ fervant TSiurii/. They tell 
SS^i ' ^***^ ''^^R prifoner in the 
Bpt'i Ae dcfired to have feathers and 
?*♦ worker to make a curious prefent 
ff **j*i but with them made wings 
K/'Wttand his fon Icarui, and flew 
[WWiofpfiJoD, and Roi away by ftip 
WCrtt to Stfrdini/t, and from thence to 
1^ tfcere he boUt « wmplc for JpoUo 5 



but his foQ Iparus foared To high, that th« 
beams of the fun melted the wax, and fo 
he fiel] into the Icarian fe2. The moral 
of which is, that he efcaped with fome 
di/concented perfonsfrom Crete in f^ips, 
and Minos purfuing them hard, Icarus*t 
ihip was fplit upou a rock, but Djcda/ui 
oyerfailed the king, and arnved fafe iu 
Sicily, failing fwitter becaufe he had then 
invented fail. doihs, whereas none before 
him knew any fpeedier way of failing than 
by the help of oars. 
I The poets tell us, that D£da!us made 
walking ftatues; but the truth of the 
fable 28f the carvers and flacuaries 
of that time made their ftatues with 
their feet in a ftaniing pofture ; but D.** 
dalus made his ftatues with one of the 
feet extended and bcfure the other, as io 
a walking pofture. 

D^DA'LEAN iDjtdaJeur, L. of J'ai^ 
^d(X^, of /ati/«Wai, I do artiHci^lly, Gr.J 
cunnine, witty, arilEcial, ingenious. 

D^'MON [/«i>«», either oUAti^i&xt 
to admtnifter 9 becaufe fuppofed to attend 
on, and to minillei' to men ; or, as others 
ffty* of /fltiMr, i. e» kaIuv, becaufe or aa 
xthereal fubftance 3 or of J'stitm to know, 
Gr.] a dcv'U a fpirit cither good or bad j 
fome Heathen writers ufe it to fignify the 
devil or an evil fplric 

A DJEMO'NIACK Id^nmiacui^ Z. of 
i'a,tfAViA»if, Gr*] one polTefled with a 
devil, furious, mad. 

DA'GON my] of jn, Heb. a fiffi] 
an idol of the* TbUifiines that upwards 
was of a human fliape, but downwards re« 
fembled that of a n(h» having fcales anJ a 
finoy tail turning upwards. Some imagine 
it to have been the image of Neptune or 
a Triton. 

DA'CJUS [of dapis a cloth wherewith 
the tables of kings were anctemly cover- 
ed] the chief or upper moft table in a 

DAI'DALA [of /*j/*K*, Gr.'] certain 
ftatues, made as follows : The Ptateans, 
^c. having afterabled in a grove, ex- 
pofed pieces of fodden flefh to the opei| 
air, and carefully ohfjrving whether the 
crows that prey'd upon them dixe£bed 
their flighr, hewed^ down all thofe trees, 
and formed them into ftatues. 

DAI^ALA, a feftlval of the Grecians^ 
whereiii a ftatue adorned in woman's ap« 
parel was accompanied by a woman i<i ha- 
bit of a bride-mtid, followed by a long 
train of ^df/^nx to the top of mount Citbe-^ 
ron, upoTi which was a wooien alrar ereft- 
ed, fur nilhedi with ^ V^^ ^^^^ ^^ ^^i"' 
buftibie matter, they offered on it a bull, 
to Jupiter^ and sA\ the Daidalas weie 
I thrown into it and confuined together 
» Be* ^ ,Th« 

Digitized by VnOOglC 


The original of chU cuftom was this, 
Jupiter and Juno haTing had « quarrel, 
ihe p. I ted from him into fufroEtf, whence 
7upiter^ by all his arcs ao4 perruaii3i]8 not 
being aWe to engage her to return to 
him, dre0ed up a ftacpe, in woman's 
apparel, and placing ic in a charioc, gave 
it oot that it was PUttea, to whom he 
was contra^d in order to marriage . Ju- 
no hearing this, pofted in all hifle to 
meet the charioc, and being we'l pleafed 
at the coninvance, became reconciled to 
her hnsband. 

DAi'LY [batjplice, Ate.] every day, 
day by day. 

DAI'NTINESS [of datn^ obf. K] deli- 
cacy, nicene<s in eating, \ffC 

DAI'RY [of dayeria of djy, or ba:^, 
&1X. which at firlt fignified the daily yield 

ofmilch-covvs, or proEc madeof them, or 
others of ^erriere, F. behind, q. a houfe 
backwardsj a place where niiik and milk- 
nieacs are made and kept. 

DA'MAGBS [in Common Law] the hin- 
drances that the plaintiff or demandant 
hath fuficred by means ol- the wrong done 
to him by the defendant- 

To DAMAGE [dommager, F. J to do 
hurt, CO prejudice. 

DAMAGE cleof [XdV term] a duty 
formerly paid to the prothonocaries and 
other detks, being a third, fixch or tenth 
part of the damage recovered, upon a tri 
al in any court of joftice i but was difan- 
Bulledche i7[b of cbarUs U* 

DAMAGE Feafant ff . d. doing hurt or 
mifchief J a term uied when the beaih 
of a firaoger get into another man*s 
ground, and feed there, fpoiling gra6 or 
torn, in which cafe the owner of the 
grouiui may diftrain or impound them, as 
well m the night as in the day. 

DA'MAGEABLB IdommageabUt F.J 
prejudicial, hurtful. 

DAMASKEEfNING [fo called of Dd- 
niafcus In Syri^ the art of adorning fteel, 
iron, l^c. hy making iociiions in them, 
and fining them vp with wire of gold or 
filver, a^in fword.blades, locks of piftols, 

DAMNABl'Lirr Idomahilitas, X.] 
damnablenefs, ^capablenefs of coodemoa* 

DA'MNATORY IdamnatoriuSf X-j con- 
demning. Or that is condemned. 

DAMNI'FICK [ damiuficuj, I. ] that 
bringech damage or hurt, endamaging. 

DAMNO'SITY Idamttcfitas^ X.] hurt, 

DAMNO'SE Idamnefui, X.]hmcfu], 

pyMNABLBNESS [damdfk, F. dam- 
f^'^» X.J 4anuiing unpiet/i horrible. 


DA'MPISH [of Htmp, Daiu] fottm 
thing dtmp, moiftorwet. 

DA'MPISHNBSS l,^;ft,^r. w««««J 

DAMPS [in Minesl are noxious exld 
lations, which fometimes fuffocate thd 
that work in them, and are otherwf 
prejudicial, they are diftfnguiflied ioco j 

J. The Peas-Bloom DAMP [at the mioi 
at'thePe^ InDerbyflnre] this dantp j 
fuppofed to proceed from the multin]4 
of the red trefoil flowers, called hoiie| 
fuckles, with which the Itme-ftone iii«| 
dows do there abound. It takes itsna«i 
from the likenefs to the imeU of peas blo^ 
foms. Ic is fit id always to come in ck 
fummer-ttme, bat is not mortal. 

a. The fulmmat'aig DAMPS, thefe mi 
found ireenuently in coie-mines, but vet 
feldom, if at all« in lead-mines. If di 
vapour of thefe fort ok damps is coucIm 
by theflimeofa candle, it immediate! 
catches fire, and has all the effe£ks < 
lightening or fired gun-powder. 

3. The Cbmmoii DAMPS, aSeft perfof 
with Aorcnels of breath and difficulty < 
breathing ; but are ieldom injurious an 
farther, it the perfons affe6fced with ic d 
not fwoon, which if they do, thoug 
tkey are not quire fuffocaced^ are yet toi 
mented with ^try violent convnlfioas o 
their recovery. The coming of thefe foi 
of damps is known by the flame of ch 
candles becomios round, and growing le: 
fer and lefler till it go quite out. ^Tli 
method of curing thofe that fwoon, is h 
laying them on their bellies with chei 
mouth to a hole dug in the ground » au 
if that does not recover them, they fi' 
them full of ale, and i^ that (ails, tbe 
look upon their cafe defperate. 

4* ne Gloh DAMP, this by miners 
fuppofed to gather from the ft ream < 
tbe body and the candles, which afcendfc 
up into the higheft part of the vault, do< 
there condenfe, and in time a film grow 
over it, which corrupts and becomes pe: 
L.lencial. It appears of a round fori 
about the bignelt of a foot-ball, bangln 
in the higheft part of the roof, of foe 
paflages of the mine, as branch out froi 
the main grove. Ic is covered wicb 
skin about the thicknels of a cobweb* 
chis skin be broken by a fplincer or an 
other accident, the damp ptefently fii< 
out and fulFocates all that are near it, tl 
workmen have a way of breaking it ac 
diflance by the help of a flick and a lor 
rope, which being done, they aiierwari 
purify the place with fire* 

DA'MSEL, a fort of utenfil put tni 
beds CO warm che feet of old men. 

...^ , ^^^, ^.-^.^ 


DlNiODES [io thcandcttt M^iMigyl 
tk kofjutn o£ Daum the ninth king 
tf AjM and brother of .^p/iw. They 
•w JO io number, and eJpoug'd to the 
J» fom of their unkle J^jpp^Mi, Z>««iw«a 
tenia die accomplifliinenc of an oracle 
viKfa bit foretold rhac he ibould be ex- 
KTi his kiogdom by a fon-in-law, per- 
itticd bis daughters to murder each ot 
watkcir hwbtods on the wedding nighr, 
wikkihefpertormei all but Hfpermnef- 
lu, vko ^ared her husband Lynceus. In 
iBgpaoce tor this crime of the 49 Da- 
ttia ibe poets have conderonM them 
w Wl, to be continually employed in fil- 
&f a cask bored m!l of holes ac the 
bouom. The Danaides are alfo forae- 
dnet ctl*d Betides from their grand- 

DANCETTE [in Heral 
^ dry] a term ufed, when the 
1 OQt-line of any bordure or or- 
dinary is notched in and out 
very largely, and ia the fame 
I as indented s only that it is 
deeper and wider. There is 
a^^o a bend called a Double DanceUe, as 
he heirs axure^ a bend^ double daucette- 
See Ae elbtcheon. 

, Oi'MCHB [in HerMfy] «!»« <«»« «« 

I^ANE-UGB [Dane-lea^, Sax.] the 
k»i that were in force in England^ du- 
i«l the time of the Danijh government, 
^ took place chiefly in 15 counties, 
^Dffh, thttmibam,Middlefex, Nor 
fd^.tmndge and Huntington^ Leicefier, 
i«*, Ndrtbamiitau, Hertford, EJJex, 
H^. Cmtridg^hire and Huntingdon, 
DA*NGER i s payment ot money 
DANGE'RIOMI anciently made by 
t^^eftHenanu to their lords, that chey 
■>Shi have leave to plow and fow in the 
liae of paonaie or maft-feeding, tc is 
«*tt»ife called Uef or Uf-filver. 
BA'NCEROUSNESS loi daagereux.F,'] 

. l^i'NGLlNG [^. d. down and hang 
»l]hii(iog down, pendulous* 

^ DANK, the moifiure or feat of 
**■* or wetnefs. 
WNliSH, a little molft or wet. 
^AlflUSHNESS, moi/lnefs. 
i>iWTaLE' [in Heraldry] in Engtjh 
•■«»/; call'd Dancettet i« only a larger 
m of indenting than tbac which we call 
f *at oame. 

J^'PHmBON [of A*^ri,Gr.] ibe plca- 
■Jift of Uurel- 
I^APHNEPHORl'A [A4^ii#oe/*» <5»"- 
*[*nl obferved every 9 y«'»'S ^Y }^^ 
f*"'» on account of a viaory obtain 'd 
'f^ni of j^olh .- Che maouer of the 

D A 

feftival was thus, a beautiful boy havirg 
a crown of gold on his head, Jyc. fum- 
ptuoufly apparelled, carried an olive- 
bough adorned with garlands of laurel 
and various forts of flowers, on the top 
of which was a gl-^be or brafs, from 
which hung other Icflcr globes j abouc 
the middle was a purple crown, and a 
fmaller globe and other or. amcnis. Tne 
upper globe was an embkm of the fun, 
by whom they meant Ap^U^ I the IclTer 
globes the ft^rs ; and 365 crowns in 
number rcprefentcd the days in a year. 
This boy was followed by a choir of v'r^ 
g'ns with branches in their hands to Apol^ 
lo's temple, where they fu^ig hymns to 
the god. 

DAPHNO'PHAGI [of /ct^iT/c and 
f*yti¥, Gr- to eat] certain prophets or 
civiuers in ancient times, that pretend- 
ed to be infpired after the eating ol bay 

DAPHNI'TIS [UfHTtc, Gr.] the lau- 
rel of Alexandria or tongue-laurel. 

DAPHNOl'DES [J'ttpjotittU » GrJ] the 
herb Loril or Laurilj alfo the herb pe- 
riwinkle. ^ ^ , n 
DA'PPLED Bay Horfe^ is a bay horfe 
that has marks ot a dark bay. 

DAPPLED Black Horfe, is a black 
horfe that in his black skin or hair hat 
fpots or marks, which are yet blacker • 
and more Ihining than the reft of the 
skin. ^ 

DARDANA'RIUS; an uturer, a mono- 
polift, fuchas caus'd a fcarcicy and dear- 
nefs ot provifiODS, and particularly of 
corns by buying them up and hoarding 
chem, to raife their value in order to fell 
them at an extravagant price. 

DA'RINGNESS [beapjrcippeof beap- 
nin. Sax.'] advcnturoufncfs, boldnefs. 

DARK Tent^ a portable camera obfcu- 
ra, made not unlike to a desk, and fit- 
ted with optick glaflfes, to take pro- 
fpe£ls oi landskips, buildings, fortificati- 
ons. IffC* ^ _ 

DA'RKNESS [b8ojicnejrjre,5ifa:.J want 
of light, obfcutity, hiddennefs. 

DA'RKLING, obfcoring, making dark. 
Milton. ^ . ^ 

DA'RKSOMNESS, obrcurenefs, darkiOi- 

To DARN [probably of byjinan. Sax, 
to hidc3 to few crofs-wife in imitation 
df what is woven, 
DARREIN loi dtrnier^ F. laftj ^ Lam 

term. „ r • . 

DA'STARDLY, cowardly, fciat-hear- 

DA'STARDY, cowardlincri. 
DASY'MMA UatiI.u/xa of idruf, Gr* 
rough] a lupcrfcial inc«iuali:y ot the in- 

Digitized by VjOOQ l^ 


wiird ptrt of th« eye-lids accompanied 
Vfiih n rcdnc's. 

DA'TtD [datt, F. ddtus, i. given or 
fencj having the day oi the roouch and 
ye«r, l<^c. 

DA'flVfi Tutelage [Chil Lam'} a tmc- 
Uge o^ a minor appoiiued by a magiT- 

^^/^DAUBE' ICooiery'] a pirticular 
way ot drefliiig a l^g ot vcnU F. 

DAVlD'i Adjf [with A5n'/^tf;or/] an 
trftrumcnt confifting cf two triangles 
joined together, each having its bafe 
arch'd, and coiuainirg a quaaranc of go 
deprer.s between theiA in the circle oi 
ihctr bafrs. 

DA'VIDISTS [fo called of one David 
Cor^^e, a glaiier or panucr of Ghent'} to 
heietical icSk about the year 1555, who 
wete his adherents. He dediired that 
he himfclf wss the true Meffiab, and 
chat he WJS fent to earth to hll heaven, 
^vhich was quite empty for want of peo- 
ple. He icjc£led marriage, denied the 
re.nire£lion, and hugh'd at fclf-denial, 
and 1 rid divers other errors. 

DAU'NTLD ldomi,F. domitus,L. ti- 
C'lCJ] d'flicanened. 

DAU'N TLESS, rndauntcd. 
DAlTNTLESNESS, a beiig without 
fczT or <ii'ccuragetpent. 

DAU'PHIN, the next heir to the crown 
of France, which is fuppofcd 10 have pro- 
ceeded iiom the name, the Daupbht of 
Vicnnois^ who were foveraigns of i\.t 
province oi Vautb'me in France^ having 
ttkcn the Dolphin for their arms; the 
lafl of rhofe prmces having no iiTue, pave 
his d'*m'nioi'S to the crown of France^ 
upon condition that the heir of the crown 
fliould be called Daupbm% aad ever bear 
a dolp'iin for his arms* 

DAWNING, the beginning of ihe day. 
DAY, as ca the beginning of the day, 
we in England be^in the natural day at 
12 a clock at n'ghr, which cuftom we 
f:em to h«»ve borrowed from the Egyp- 
tiaTis, or Romans, who began it at 'hat 
line. The yevit tbaldeans and Bahypj- 
rtii/fis bet;in their TeUgious natural day at 
i'ir'-fer, anH thus do (he Italians^ Bobcmi- 
rnis ^n^i polanders. The JopJj Cbaldeans 
and Batylou'ians began their day at fun- 
rJfinf , and lo do the Perfians i buc the 
/4rii!uans from n^on. 

Naiurat DAY, is the fpace of 24 hours 
rakcn up by the fun in going round the, or by the earth in going round 
the fun. 

An'tficial DAY, is the fpace of t'me 
irjrn the rifing to the fetting of the fun, 
in cppoficion to night, which is the fpace j 
cf liiiic th*t the fua U under the hori- 
&>n. I 


Civil DAT, didders from t^ie ndtuf^^ 
Only in its bcginairg, which U various ac- 
cording ro the cullom of nations. The 
Jewi and Albenians begin their day at fun- 
feitinp, and the Italians begin their fisft 
hour at fun-fer, the Babylonians at fuo- 
rifing, the Vmhri at noon^ and the F^yp* 
tians ar midnight. 

DAY Civil or Political, is divided iato 
the following parts, i. After midotgbt* 
1. The cock's crow. 3. The fpac« be- 
tween the fit ft code's crow and break oi 
day. 4. The dawn of the morning. 5, 
Morning. 6. N^on or mid-day. 7. The 
af^ternoon. 8. Sun-fet. 9. Twilight. 10. 
The evening, ix. CanJc--timc. 12. Bed- 
time. 13. The dead ot the night. 

To hi.' di/tnijjld witlout DAY [LtOf tern] 
is to be abfoliitcly diioharged the court. 

To bAve a DAY by tbe Roll Itaw rerm] 
to h;.ve a day of appearance aiHgn'd. 

Day JVcrg of Land [am-i^ the A- 
cients] as much laud 9s could be plough'd 
up in oTiiS day's work ; or, as it is ftill 
called by farmers, one journey* 

DEA'CINATED [deacinatuf, L ] dean- 
fed ficm the kernels. 

DEA'CONSHIP [of diacmsts, L. and 
Jhip an Fnglijh termin;ition for officej the 
oai.c or dignity of a d«acon. 

To DEA'DEN£ofbeat),A«a:.] totak^ 
away horn the force of a weight, DI9V9 

DEAD If'-ater [wiih Mariners'] U the 
ef!^Ay warer that is next behind the Hem 
of the (bip, which is (b termed, becaufe 
it does not pafs away To fwiftly, asthat 
water does thn runs by her fides ; fo that 
v^hen a (Up has a great eddy foIlowiQg 
her ftern, they fay Ihe makes much dead 

DEA'DLY [.of beaX)lL, Sax.] cau&ng 

To DEA'FEN [bea pian.^tfjr.] to make 

DEATISH, fomething hard oi hear- 

DEA'FNESS [bea^rneyye, &rx ] hatd- 
nefs or want of the fenle of hearing. 

DEA'LING ['oxIing;,iy^j^.]tradiiigs al- 
fo diftriH'ir'np. 

DEA'LER [of bxlan, Aij:. to dividej t 
trader, buyrr or fcMer. 

A DEA'MBULAIORY { detaJbtdA^p- 
um^ -L] a pallery or place ro walk&i. 

charpeab e or moveable. 

DEAME'NA [with the Honunil a 
goddefs fuppofed to prefide over ineoarUr 
ous women. 

DEAR [beoji, Sax-I coftiag a great 
price \ alfo iodeared. 


Digitized by VnOOQlC 

Ki'RKESS £of beojiDoyjre, 5tt.] 
•tteU, lye. 

WARTlCUlATfON. S^t Diarthrcfis 
JTo DEA'RTUATE Idcartuaium, L.] to 
•loir-t, ^ojner or cit in pieces ; to dil- 

IHATH ftoc«?S, Sdx.'] c privation o- 
ii*, wtirh i» cofiiidercd in the feparati- 
OB or •fc'- fowl tr'>in the bojy, 

l>UrH- WATCH, a (rv^W -nfea. 

Mr. vitflK, in cbc Fbilofopbical Trmf- 
^*f, rc!«te*, chat it is a I mall infeft ur 
kBet,e ^ i6chs ot an inch long^ ot a dark 
bjma colour fjpottcd ^ having pellucid 
*tt|s under The tfM^hiMg a lar^e cap or hcl- 
■e: on :he head an;i two AntiwiA procccd- 
nRtTCmbcnra'h c be eyes, and doing the 
«»» ci frfJhopiidts. The part it beais 
wiik»l, as he obfervd, was the extreme 
•^ ot Ike tare, which he calls the iip- 
V^ %, the moo'h being proiraOed by 
«*whoaypart, and lying underneath out 
•* nrw. Mr. Her ham confirms th's ac- 
*c»r ; !«; 'hat infteid of tickinf; with the 
f??er Gp. he obferr'd the infeft to draw 
>° awh back and beat wich i» fore- 
head. He had two, s male and a fe- 
■■fc, whxn he kept alive in a box fe- 
•*n5 aas-Khs, and could bring one ot ihem 
*• ^ai whea he would, by imitating its 
^H * *y bJ« linking noife, he could 
**?«sx!y ii.vtic the m^lc to get upon the 
^^ :a way of coition, and thence he 
c^Iodes that tickinff or pulfacion to be 
c^^aycha: thefe inlaws woo one another. 
^ Tkevc is alfj another of thefe ticking 
tfc&j ciSerent from the firtt, which 
•it bear fome hours together without in- 
tena-3-^^ and his ftrokes are more Ici- 
^w.'y xxA like thofe of a watch « whcre- 
««tAc Cxmer only bca s 6 or 8 ftrokes 
M iearea olF. This latter {% a fmaU 
pay ia^6, omch like a loufe, and is ve- 
'7C3ai.<iion in all parts of the houfe in 
f» fcnuncr months. It is very nimble 
as maine to fhelter, and (hy of beating 
%fa» diflorbV. The ticking of this as 
*ci; as the other he judges to be the 

DEATH [with fbficiaiM] U defined a 
tota! ftcppftge of the circulation ot' the 
biood, ud che cefTitio^ of the animal 
tai «:a! fra^ions, wH'ch follow ihcre- 
■f»3, z\ r^pirautM^ fcnfat'ion^ Jjrc. 

DFAtHLESS (tjca^eajr, A<i.r.] im- 

bEATTHtESNBSS £ teea'^Ieajrnejrf , 
Xat] immorrility. 

WBACCHATION, a raging cr mad- 

DEBAltBED [defarhatiu, I.J havirg 
Mibftrd nt: or pulled oC 

OiBA'llRKD (ol <^<^«rr/, ICJ hinder- 
0i m ke^ iioau 

D E 

DEBA'^MBNT lata'Jfement, F,} a be- 
ing biout;hc low. 

DEBATABLE £ot ife^tf/^, F.] that may 
-be citpj'cd. 

To DEBATE rdf^i«r^,#:3 to di.putc, 
to «r^ue deiiberaicly on a mactcr. 

DEHA'TFFIJL, contemious, Iffc, 

DEBAU'CHED [debauctt, F.] Jewd» 

A DEBAUCHE'B [«« deBauc!.e\ F.J a 
riotous perfon. 

DEBE'NTORE fin the Exchequer and 
K'tn^*4 houfe'] a writing given to the fer- 
VAj.cs for thepaymant of the'r w;ig*s, hfc, 

DEBI'IE fdff/7//, X.] weak, leeh'c. 

EOentlal DEBl'LlTIES of a Planet [ii» 
Aftrology} is when a planet is iu its de- 
nimen:, ta'l or peregrine. 

Accidtjital DEBILITIES of 4 Tldtiet 
[with j9jtfologirs] i% when a planet is 
in the 6cbf 8ih or izih houses \ cr coni- 
bufl, Iffc. fo chat by each of thefe dr- 
cumftances it is faid to be more or leTs 
afRi£le), and /a have fo many or fo fc9 

DEBI'LITUDH [ddilitudo, L ] debili- 
ty, weaknefs. 

DEBI LITY [with TbyfictMs'] a weak- 
nefs that proceeds from fwoontng, fiini- 
I'ng, hunger, or fomtt other indirpufuion 4 
or it is a relaxation of the folids, which 
induces we^knefs and fainting. 

DEBOrstNBSS, debauchcdnefs, l^c, 

DEBONf^AI'RITY 1 lde/>onna!rete\ 

DEBONNAl'RNESS f F.] good hu, 
mour, courteoufnefs, afFibiiity, ^c. 

Cbirographarj DEBT, is a debt due by . 
virtue of a noie or writing under one's 
hand, and not prov'd 10 a court cf juJi- 

H)botbecary DEBT, a debt which is 
due by virtue of fome contrail or coo- 

Predicatory DEBT, is a debt which a- 
rifes from alienation of lands, }ffc* the 
whole purchafc of which has not been 

Privileged DEBT, is a debt that muft 
be farisitJd before all others, as a king's 
tax, ^c. 

DEBULLI'TION, a bubbling or boiU 
in? over. £. 

DECACU'MINATED [decacummatus^ 
1^] having the tops lopped off. 

DE'CAGON [i'lKdyu^^ of/i«tiea 
and >fl»r/*, Gr, a comer.! 

RiguldT DECAGON [in Fortificatim] 
a fortified town that has ten fides and as 
many anj.'lcs, or ten baftions ; the an§Ies 
oi which are al cqnal one to another. 

DECA'MERTS [of /•«« icn and /ug^r, 
Gr* part] a tern b part. 


Digitized by VjOOQ \:^ 


DECATILLATBD [decapilUuf, I.] 
baving the hair pulled or fallen oflf. 

VBCAVITE^ [Heraldry J fignifics that 
tbe bealt has the head cue oS imooth, 
and is different irom erizcd, which is 
when the head 's as it wer« torn off, 
leav'ng the veck ragged. F. 

To DECA'PULATfi [decapuJatum, L.J 
to empcy or pour out of one thing into 

DECa'STYLK [d^c^ylust L"] of /i- 
tietrtjh^t Gr. I f hac has cen pillars. 

DECATO'RTHOMA [wlh rb^cuau] 
a medicine mac'e of i^p iDgrediencs. 

A DEC E A 'SB [decejlus^ I. j a natural 

DECEA'SEP [decedf, F. decejfus, X.J 

DECEDENT [decedaUf JL.] departing. 
Coing Tway. 

DEChiyFUL [of decipere,L. ^ndfull] 
nor accordii)|< to appearance. 

DECEl'TFULNBSS [ol deCepth, L.] 
lalfe dealing, deceiving, Iffc 

DECEI'V ABLENESS [pf dectptitUisM 
decet iul Quality. 

DECErVED [with Hmrfemen] a horfe 
is faid to be deceived upon a demivolt 
of one or two treads i when working, as 
for ii.ftance, to the right, and not having 
yet furnilhed above half the demivolc, 
he is prefs'd one tine or motion for- 
wards with t.>-e inner leg, and then h put 
to 1 reprife upon the leftf in tbe fame 

DECE'MBER [BeroglfpbicdUy] was 
reprefeuted by a man with a horrid af- 
pd^, clad in a fhagged rug ; with three 
or four night-caps upon his head, and 
over them a Tkrii/b turban t ; his do.'c 
red, and beard hung with icicles ; at 
hit back a bundle of hoUy and ivy, hold- 
ing in hfrred mi t tins a goat. 

DECE'MVIRAL La^s, the laws of the 
tft tables. 

DECE'MVIRI [ among tbe Rmans ] 
ten magiftrntes ele6^ed to govern the 
commonweal.h, inftead of confufs ; the/e 
had an abfoLute power ; but abufmg it, 
they were baoifhed, and their eitates 
confiirarrd. JL 

DECENNA'LIA Tcfia, feftivals which 
I be Roman emperors held every tenth 
vearot their reign, with f.crificss, games, 
fargeflTes f^ tbe people, Jjrc. 

DECENNOVA'LU circulus. Sec Cycle. 

DE'CENTNESSI [dccence, F d^cen- 

DE'CENCY I /w,i.] comchijcfs. 

DECE'PTIBLE [decepttlis, iS] ea^y to 
be dtct*\'r6. 

DECE'PTIVE [deciptivm^ Vl decei- 
ving, deceit luL 


DECH'PTORy Ideceptoriui, L.J 6 


DECE'PTCRB [decefturd, JLJ firau. 

DECrRPTIBLE [ot decerpert^ 1 
that may be cropped off", 
^ DBCE'SSION [dec^^ U] a depar 
ing or going away. 

DECI'DUOUSNESS [oi dectdtius^ X 
aptnefs to f^H. 

^ DECIMA'TION [in the time of the c 
vil wars in Ei^land] the fe^ueftrisg U 
tenth part ol a m^n's eftimation. 

DECIRCINA'TION [of decircimar 
L.2 a drawing a circle with a pair < 

DECISIVENESS [oi deciff^ F.J deci 
five property. 

Ha// DECK fin a great Skip'] a dec 
which reaches from the main maft to cfa 

Smarter DECK, reaches from the flee 
rage aloft to the mailer's round- honle. 

iJjfwfTf DECK [in a Ship] ii the op 
permoft deck of all that lies between to 
msin mail a'^d the miflen ) and it all 
called the Or lope. 

To raife a DECK [Sea term] is ro pv 
it up higher. 

to fink a DECK [Sea term] ia to la; 
it lower. 

DECLARABLE [declarabiUs, I..J th« 
m^y be declared. 

Ikrtk or South DECLINATION c 
nny Star or Point of Heaven [with jfftr^ 
ttomersj is the diftance ot the ftar, }0t 
trom the equator, accordingly aa ic de 
clines northwards or fouthwards. 

TYue or Real DECLINATION of 
Planet [with Jftronomers] i% tbe diftaoc 
of its iruf place from the equator. 

drcU cf DECLINATION lA^rouomy 
a great circle ot the fpbere, pai&ng thit 
the poles of the world. 

Parallax of tbe DECLINATION [41 
tronomy] is an arch of tbe circle of De 
clination, whereby the parallax of tbe al 
titude increafes or dimioilhes the decli 
nation of the ftar. 

Refraaion of tbe DECLINATION lAf 
tronomyj an acch ot'the circle of the IV 
clhiationy whereby the Declination of : 
Aar is increafed or dimiuifli'd by mean 
of the fefraftion. 

DECLINING [declinans, 1.] leanii^ 
or bowing d^iwnwar.'s, or moving from 

DFCLI'VIS Mufculus[wUh jMOtomifis, 
a large mufcle ot the belly, which take 
its rife from the lower edge of tbe 6th 
7'h and 8c h ribs, IffC, and defcends ob 
liqucly from the ferratus inferior fofiicHM 
and is inferted fn^o the lined dildf ani 
the Ot pubit, or Sbare-b<me» 


Digitized by VnOOg IC 




DFCO'CT rdecoauHh I"] to feecb or 
kil veil. 

iobe((x!den or boiled. 

KCO'CTIVB IdecoBrvtti^ L.'] eaiily 

DECCCTUPH [decolura^ 1.] « de- 
ttAioQ, tbroih or W^or wherein things 
fevebeen boiled. 

DECOLORATION, t ftaining or mar- 
mi the colour. L» 

DECOMPO'SITE'I TdccompofituM, L. 

Dfc'COMPOUND f un decompofi, F.J 
i vjrd coiapofed of more than iwo words, 
a infifpofidon. 

DECOMPOSITION rwith Afotbeca- 
^^] « 4e redudi n of a body tnco the 
ptmcTpriadples thftLU b compofed or 

DECOIIAMENT [decormmwn^ Ij 
fi oraameni, in adorning. 

DFCORATID Idecorattu, X. decori, 
f] ^>tm\ie6^ a^^orned. 

MCORAnnONS [wfth ArehiuBs] or- 
■■•ar* in churches ox other "publick edi- 
fcfti O f chofe thinps thac inrich a building' 
ohaf^at irch, \ffc. 

DECOROUS I , decorofus, Z.] fair aiui 

DICORO'SEJ bvcly, b«auiLuI,gracc- 
™, c nely. 

ToDECO'RTlCATE Ideccmkarg^ Ij] 
• ptti '^r pull off the b^ t k '>t trees. 
j^CXyRUM [in ArchlteBure] U the 
■"^f tad proportioning a. I the parts of 
J^idflf, fo as will beft become the 
■^xj lod defign, i. e. different pro. 
Wn« to be chofen for feveral parts 
• « bttiidicg, according to the natore 
?** place, \gfc, and there mull be dif- 
^^ difpoijtions and proportions for a 
I»tttothaiof a church. 
I WCOOPLE' r in Heraldry ] figniaes 
fiJ2|ed, i, t, parted or fevered, as a 
P*** diCoupUt is a chevron that wants 
■■Kb 31 it towards the point, thar the 
~^<^ ftind at a dift:nce one from 
*J2£,be?»ig parted and uncoupled. F. 

JWORS V r in HeraUry ] See 

•^"SSANT r Decrtment. 

*'eCtIlTlON, a depriving o. being, 

' ""^Jw n of what has been created. 

mXiHENT [in Blajtonry'] is ufed 
7 ("tt wane of the moon, from 
n tiie newf and then faces to 
" of (he eicutcheon. 

B {decrepltus^ Z* decrepit^ 
out witii age^ To as to walk 

- JIT ATE [of de and ae- 
. (0 ledoce CO Powdvr. (hftt 

D E 

MCHl'SSANT? fin Heraldry -^ xU 
©KCREMHNTf wane or .e:it:afc of 
the nioo<. 

DECRE'T.aL, a refcripc. or lerrcrofa 
pope, wbereby Tome p^'irr or qiieltion id 
the ecclefi ftical law, is folved or deter- 
mined. F. 

DECU'MBITURE [of decumhere, L. 
lo lie d wi)] a lying down; a being feiz'd 
with a difeafc, fo as to be forced to tako 
to the bed. 

DECU'RIO [among the R&mifnj] the 
chief or commander of a decury, both in 
the army and in the college, or aflcmbl/ 
of the people. X. 

DBCUATA'TION, the cuciing or ma- 
king fljorr. 

DECUSSA'TION,a cutting a-crofs, or 
in the form of a letter X or ftar-wife. 

DfiCUSSO'RiUM [with iSurgeons] an 
iriftrumens with which the skin called 
Dura Mater being prefs'd upwards is joined 
to the sVuU, fo that the corrupt matter 
gathered between the skull and the Dura 
Mater may be let out at a hole made with 
a trepan, i. 

DEDB'CORATED [dedecoratus, L.J 
di(bonourer?, difgra ced. 

DEDECORO'SE [dedecorofus, Z.] full 
of ihame and diOionefty. 

DEDE'COROUS [dcdecorut, Z.] un- 
comely, unfecmly, dilhor.cft. 

DEDlCA'TIONDtf^, the fcftjval of rhe 
dedication of a church, anciently obfcrvcd 
in every parifli with folemnity and good 
cheer; moft of the ancient - nnual i^irs 
were kept on that day, and firft arofe from 
thecoocourfeof people on the torementi- 
oned o.cafions. 

DE DEGnER ANDO pro ratio portioned 
a writ lying where a man has been di- 
ftraioed for rent, which ought to havQ 
been paid by ochers proportionably. 

DEDirrTlOTJS [dcdititius, i] yield- 
ing or delivering himfelf up into the power 
ot another. 

DEDU'CIBLENESS [of dedmblUs^ 
Z.} capablenefs -i being dcdo&ed. 

DEEDS [in Com. Lav] writ£nj;$ which 
conuin the effe& of a contra£^ or agrce^ 
menr mide between man and man. 

DEED Indented [In La»\ an indenture^ 
a writing cut into denrs or notches on tho 
top or fide, which confifts of two or more 
parts; and in which it is exprefled tbac 
Che parties concerned have inters ha .^e- 
ably or fever ally fee their hands and feals 
to every parr of it- 

DEED poU 1 is a fingle, plain deed 

faffed DEED % unindeated, (hevdnf 

that only one of the parties has put hu 

hand and feal to iC| for thf purpo&s there-, 

io mspuooed. 

- F ( ^ JRW?' 

Digitized by VjOOvT^ 


DBfi'PNBSS [toeopncy/e, Afr.] depth. 
DEB'S IS l(fiwtff Gr.j a befeechiog or 
CI treAci^. 

DEES IS [with Rhetoricians'] a figuro 
frequently ii^cd in oratory or poetry, on 
occafioii either of earn^ft intreaty or olU 
ling CO writneis } at Ljdia^ dic^ per omnes 
te Deos oro, 

DEFAl'T ftn Heraldry] a beaft whofe 
head is cut ctT fmooch. f. 

DEFA'TIG ABLBNESS [oi defatigabilit^ 
X*l apcnefs to be tired. 

To DEFAU'LT [oUefaute, oi faute, 
F.] to render a pefibn liable to fome for- 
ftit, fine, amercemem or puniOkment, by 
omitting to do fcmeching eDJoined, or 
commicting fometbing forbid. 

DEFAULT itn Common hm] ^^ ^^' 
fence in omitting co do what ought to be 

DEFE'CTIVENESS [ot defeBtvus^ X. 
defeSucfiti, F.] iaultinefs, Imperfcftion. 
^ Line of DEFE'NCE Fickant [in Fortify 
is a right liiie drawn from the point or ver- 
tex otthe baftion to the concourfe of the 
oppclite flank with the courcine. 

Line of DEFENCE Rafant { in Fortif.^ 
is the face of the baftion continued to the 

DEFB'NCELESS, not having any de- 

DEFB'NCES [ in Heraldry ] are the 
weapons of any beaft, as the horns of a 
ftas, the paws of a lion, the tusks of a 
wild boar, }ffc. 

To be in a pc^ure of DEFENCE, is to 
be provided and in leadinefs co oppofe an 

DEFE'NDABLE [of defendere, I. de- 
frndre, F.] that may be defended. 

DEFE'NDERS, in ancient times, dig- 
nitaries in churt h and ftace to take care 
of the prefervation of the publick weal, co 
protect the poor and helplefs, and main- 
fain the interefl and caufes of the church. 

DEFE'NSIBLENESS [of defenfiu^ ij 
capablenefs of being defended. 

DEFE'NSlTlVES[withjKr^«)w] ban- 
dages. plafterSy or the like, ufed in curing 
wounds, to moderate the violence of 
rhe pain, impreilion of the external air, 

DEFE'NSIVE 1 [defenfif, F.] that 

DEFE'NSITIVE f which Icrves to de- 
fend, proper fordeie<tce. 

DEFE'NSIVES 7 [ with Thyficianf, 

DEFfi'NSATIVESf Iffc. J ' medicines 
outwtrd'y applied to prevent an inflam- 

DE'FERBNTS [with jtiatomifts-} rhofe 
vefTels of the body appointed for the con- 
veyance of humours from one part co gno- 
ijicr. •.---..- 


DEFFAinr [in maxmay] la o^d to (^ 
nify the head ot a beaft cut offfmooth, U 
fame as Decapite$ which fee. F. 

DEFl'CIENCY 1 fot defkienHa, t 
DEFl'ClENTNESSf def^ comiu 
fliort, want, failinf. 

DBFl'CIBNT Hfperbola^ a cutre ( 
that denomination, havi< g only one a^ym 
pcoce and two hyperbolical less, runnn 
out infinitely towards the fides of tli 
afymptote, out the contrary ways. 

DEFrClENT/«Mi^i fin Aritbmetid 
are numbers, all whofe pans added togc 
ther, amount to lefs than the imcga 
whofe parts they are, as 8, whofe pan 
I, 2 anH 4 make but y, «nd fo the pans ( 
i6make but 15, Syp. 

To DEFl'LB, la to reduce an army r 
afmall front, to march thro* a narrov 

DB'FINITENESS [ofdefinitus^ L.dif 
fii, F.] certainry, limite.ncfs. 

DBFINinriON, a Ihort and plain de 
fcription of a thing, with its nature an 
principal properties ; alfo a decifion or dc 
termination of an affair i or u is an es 
a6fc defcrlpcton, explaining a thing by (pi 
ritual atcriboces. 

Three things are DecefTary to make 
definition good. 

I. It muft be univerfal, i. «. itiml 
contain che whole thiiig defired. 

2» Ic muft be proper, it muft tgn 
with the thing dennee. 

3. Ic muft be clearer than the thing de 
fiaed, i. e. ic ought to render the idea ( 
it more plain and difttnA, and make 1 
(as much as can be) co underftand che « 
ture of ic, and be ferviceable to ds togb 
a reafon of its principal properties. 

DBFINinriON [ with l£^idM ] • 
unfolding theefTence or being ofaiuai 
by its kind and difference. 

DEFrNlTlVENESS[ofrffi^lif, F.dll 
finitivus, L.] decifivenefs, ^c. 

to inkindle and burn off in a cracible| 
mixture of falc or fome mineral body in 
a fulphureous one, in order toporry d 
fah, or to make a Regubu of a mioeraL; 

DWBLZ'XVMldefiexura, X] abeid| 
downwards, a tumix^ aiide or out of 

^*&FLB'CTION [pf the Raft <fli^ 
a bending downwards, a turning fi^* 
property dlflferent both from R/jktmv 
Reframmh che fame which is catted 1 
fieaion by Sir Ifaa: Neman. 

DEFLORA'TION 7 ravtfbing Mhe t 

DEFLO WBRING f kii^ away a al 

man's yirginity i alfo takiqg away i 

beauty and luflreofa thing. 

ranUOUS [,difim^L.J flMrfe 

Digitized by VnOOQlC 

KFUTVIUM, « flowing down I a 
U^goffas bmir, amonlciog. 1^ 

DEFLUTigif [among BoUaifts] a diT. 
tdk is neci^f ^ wherebjr (bey loto their 
bii^ Tikis Hiftfinper proceecb froin a 
ABplomoar^ Utc diflblret the glue, by 
mamoi which the barkU fattened to the 
*^» anrf Ibaeiimea ic u occafioned by 
tPoptzt drought. X. 

DEFCyKMITY XTd^ormtas, L] 

iKK/KMEONfiSS f ugUQefs, iU-fa- 
wiiiiihu % } a diipleafuig or painful idea, 
^bkk ia czciiei to the imod oo account 
«&me Q^eft that wanct thac uniformity 
vhich condiracea beauty. 

DEF&AT'MENT [q[ defrayer, F.J the 
M»^ of 

DFntlCA'TlON, a rubbing. R 

DETTABJDAR, rbe treafurer of the re- 
fttsaei -t tr-e Ttirkjb and Ferfuta empire. 

DfGE'NERATfiD tfpoken of TUmts^ 

pOVB •• li/. 

^ PEG B^ERATEWBSS f <(«g«ifr4^io, X] 
^^paeracy* « being grown wild, out ot 

DEGENEKA'TION, the aft of failing 
or drrpning from a more perfcd or valu- 
s^ kind or condition to a lefs s to deviate 
fco» Ae TTyme of anceitors. 

MGTKBKOUS Idtgeaer, X.] dege- 
■CBkad, baie, vile. 

WOLOflNATED [d^lutimitus^ JL^ 

JLUTITION, a fwallowing down i 
^* in living creatureSa by which 
_i ft cliewV in the mouth, or 
r, d efrendi into the ftomach by 
on and contra^oo of the fibres 
«f ite gullet. 

DTGMOS [of /i^jTVM, Or. to bite] that 
paving at cbe upper orifice of th^ fto- 
mmck, gcaeraUy called the heart^burn^ 

BBCXADA'TION, a degrading, the 
•ttot depriving or ftrlnping a perfon for 
Mr of « dignity or degree of honour, 

DEGRA'DED [in mral- 
drjt oigrddus^ X. a fiepj as 
a crofa degraded is one that 
haa fteps at each end, as in 
the figure* 
To DTGRAVATE {digravatum, X.] 

heavy, to burden. 
OMXEB' (4igT4t P.^ ftep; alfo anv 
ftme or condidon, that u as ic were af- 
cggBaM v* n f dcic fi fHiwjf t 

BKR£B fwich Afirm.'] is the 369ch 
|Hi d cbe ciraimference of any drde ; a 
iqpeeii Stilled into 60 parts called JMif- 
~ Jinuitr into 60 parrs cai* 
:, and lb into 7lvr4#. }gfc. The 
at one degree in the heavens is ac- 
' €0 nfwfr CO io miles oa earth* 


DEGRBB [in fdnlf.'i U a fmaH^iar* 
of an irch of a circle (^he circle contain- 
ing 360 degrees) which ierycs for ihemea* 
Turing the content of the angle, fo an an- 
gle is faid to be of 10, ao, 30, 40, 50 or 
60 degrees, Jw. 

DEGREES of tire [with Cbymifis'} are 
accounted four. The firft is the moft 
gentle heat of all, made only by two or 
three coals i the 2d a degree ot heat joft to 
warm theyeflfel fenfibly, mide by four or 
five coals, and (6 chat a man may endure 
his hand upon it for feme time > the ^d is 
when there is heat fufHcienc to make a 
vefTel containing five or fix quarts of water 
boil; the 4th degree is as great a heat as 
can polfibly be made in a furnace : But 
all ihefe degrees of heat admit of fome 
variations, according to the peculiar cir- 
cumftances of the operations, furnace^ 
ytSkls^ quantity of matter to be heated, 

DEJE'CTEDNBSS 7 [dfjVffio, X.] a 

DfiJE'CTION J caaing down, « 
lowneTs cf fpirits* 

DETECTION [ with il/Jrn/. ] faid of 
the planetSf wnen in their detriment, i e. 
when they have loft their force or influ- 
ence by reafon of being in oppofiiion to 
fome others, which check and cduntet- 
a£fc them. 

DEJECTION [with Phfficiaiu'} the 
art of ejefling or evacuacina the ezcie- 
inents by means of the periftaltick mo- 
tion of the gu(s. 

DEI JUDICIUM [i. e. the judgment 
of Cod, io called, becaufe it was account- 
ed an appeal to God for the jutlice of a 
caufe s anJ that the decifion was accordiag 
to the appointment of divine providence] 
the old &uion manner of trial by Ordeal. 

DEINCLl'NERS [in DiaUwg'i fuch 
dials as both decline and incline, or recline 
ac the fame cime. 

To DEI'NTEGRATB [de'mtegratmn^ 
Li] to fpoil, to take from the whole, to 

DBl^AROUS [deifaruh ^ ofdeus c 
God, and pario co bnng forth, X.] thac 
beareth or bringech forth a god* 

DBI'STICAL [of deifie, F. of detu, X.] 
of deifm or delfts. 

DEI'STICALNESS [of deifie^ F. dcus, 
XiJ deiflical prinOy-^les. 

DE'ISTS lofDeus, X. God ] a fed 
amon^ the chriftians of moft or all deno- 
minations, who believe there is one God» 
a providence, th« imiporraljty of the foul, 
virtue and vice, rewards and punifbmentsi 
but rejea revelation, and beHeve no more 
than what natural light difcovers to them, 
and believe no other article ot the chrif- 
tiaa religion or any 9ther. ^^,^ ^^ . 

J? f a ^ pE'rriES 

Digitized by VjOOQ l^ 

D E 

DE'ITIES [deltas, JU OUrut, Gr.'i o£ 
thcfc rhc Greels had a grcac number,' 
and alfo the Rvmans of gods, goddeflfes. 
anj demi.gods, oven to the number ot 
feveral thoufands, having adetcy Tr tveif 
thing. This multiplicic/ of delcieswas 
for the iaci^faflion of the ign^iant peo- 
ple, who could not comprehend how one 
and the fame deity could be diffufed 
through all the parts of the umverfe y 
and therefore many gods were dcvif- 
cd. The chief of thcfe were Jupiter 
the god of thunder, Juno of richesj Venus 
of beauty. Mars of war, Minerva of wif- 
dom, Apollo of phylick. Mercury of elo- 
quence, Neffiune of the fea, Saturn^ of 
time, Bacchus of wine, "Diana of hunting 
Vtjia o! earth, ViSoria of vi£lory, Cupid 
of love Nemesoi revenge, the FUries of 
punifhment, the Parc^ of deftiny, fortma 
of for rune, the Ihdigetes yHid the Virtues y 
to v/hom they were ere£led teaples, as 
Teace, Concord, fere, the Semones or half 
men, ^c. and each g«d had his particu- 
Ur facri^ce} as the buU to one, the ram 
to another, iffc. to each of thefe was 
aligned his particular biid; as the eagle 
to Jupiter, the raven to Apollo, J<rc. 

They had alfo their particular treesy 
Jupiter had the oak, and ApoUo the 
laurel, ^c. 

They had alfo proper creatures to draw 
their chariots ; as Jupiter^ Sol, Jjpc. 
Iiorfes, Juno peacocks, Jj-c. 

Tbcy had alfo the?r particular armsj 
«s Jupiter had a thunder-bolr, Ma^s a 
fword, Saurn ft fcythe, Minerva her 
lance. Mercury his caduceus, Bacchus his 
thyrfus, Hercules his club, and Vulcan his 

DEIVIRIOLB [among' School Divines'] 
Is a term ufed to figniiy fometh-ng both 
divine and humani of Deus God, and 
X^irl'ts pertaining to man. 

DEJUGATION, an unvoaUng. Z. 

DELACRYMA'TION, falling down of 
the humours, the wateriflinefs of the 
leyes, or a weeping much. Z.. 

DELACTA'TION, a weaning from 
the breaft. X. 

DELA'PSED J^deUpJiu^ Z] Aiding or 
ilidden d- W!i. -2, 

DBLA'SSIBLE Idclajfihilis, L'] that 
may be tired. 

DELASSA'TION, a tiring or weary 
ing. X. 

T)ELE'CTABLENESS, delightfulnefs, 

' DELECTA'NEOUS [deUaaneut, JL ] 
•telighrfome. pleafant. 

BE'I.EGATES, are commiffioncra of 
appeal, appointed by tbekin^ under the 
great Teal in cafes ol appeals iiovg ihf 
^ckfiaftical court, 


To OE'tH \ [oi delete, X.1 to bl< 
ToDELE'TEf o«. 
PELETB'KIUM, [prob* of <fffXl», Cr: 

to hurt] any thing chat is of a deadly poi 
(onouf or mifcbiev^us qnalttr. 

DELF [of teeljpan. Sax* tb delve c 
dig] a mine or quarry. 
DELF r [in Heraldry] 
DELFEj a fquare barn 
in the middle of an efcut* 
cheon fuppofed to reprefenc a 
fquare fod or turf j Ddftett- 
ne an abatemettt of honour 
belonging to one that has 
revok'd his challenge or eaten his wordi 
See the eTcutcheon. 

DE^LIA, certain feftiva's anciently ce 
Icbrared by the Athenians in honour o 
Apollo^ who was fimamed Delitu, 

DEEIASTS, the perfon appointed t< 
perform the ceremonies of thia feftival 
were certain citizens deputed to go oi 
an embaiTy or rather pilgrimage to the 
temple of Apollo^ at Delos. They wer* 
crown'd with laurel, the whole depute* 
tion fet out on J veflTels, carryitie wici 
them all things necelfary for the fo^ft anc 
iacrifices. After the fa :rifice a number oj 
young men and maids djnc'd round the 
altar, a dance in which by their rariona 
motions and dire^lions, they reprefemed 
the turnings and windings of the labyrinth. 
During the time of the performance d 
thefe ceremonies no criminal might be 
executed, and hence by reafon of the ZV- 
lia^ they waited 30 days, to give the 
poifon to Socrates. 

DELI'ACaL Prohlem, a famous problem 
among the ancient mathematicians aboQc 
doubrjjg the cube. 

DE'LIBATED [delibatus, X.] ttfted. 

DELI'BERATIVE Khetorick, is that 
which is employed in proving a thing, or 
C3nvincing an afl*embly of it, in order to 
induce them to put it in execution. 

DELIBRA'TION, a pilling or takti^ 
off the bark. X. 

DE'LICATBNESS [delicsA, deticateffe^ 
K] (^aitxinefs, nicenefs, tendeineft. 

DE'f ICATUDE Ideticatudo, L ] de- 

DELI'CIOUSNESS [of deliciofus, X.] 
fwectne's of tafte, hfc. 


DELICIO'SE [deUuofus, X.] very de- 
licious ^r fwert. 

DEirGHTFULNESS 1 [of deticU, X. 

Y\ilneyY9, Sax.] very pleafant. 
'^Dfill'NEATEP Idelineatus.L'] dttwn 
as with the out lines,. pourtray'd, repre« 
.fcmcd bydraitthc oc pi&ufc* 

Uciqfitar^ I.] dellcf- 

Digitized by LjOOQ IC 


DOnOMBMr [deimmaitm, 1.] a 

WU^^UM MJn, « bincii^ away 
« fvoisaicg. £. 

DEU'RAMENT IdeUrMmmtum Z.] a 
^0090 or doting. 

DELICIOUS f of dHhium, L. deUre, 
ihj doitng or beiog light-headed: 

DELITERER [ot delhrn, F. libera- 
Wf L] one who Irees from. 
^ OELITIGAnriON, « ftriving, a chid- 
iif, a cofi'ending. X. 

DE'LPHIN [id jtfhotumji] t northern 
OBBfblUttoo confiilii>g oi ten flars* 

DELFHI^IDM [/iX^Mor, Gr.] the 
karb Lark-fpor. X* 

0E1.PHOS, a cicy to Bttotia^ which was 
%ooied CO be in che middle of the 
vtK*^ becauie (as it u ftorled) when T^- 
pittr kst torch x eagles at che fame cime, 
tte Me irom che £4! and the other firom 
c^ A^ thqrbocii met ac chat place exadly 

Thoe was cbe moft celebrated and 
SKbeftcemptC in Greece i for all nations 
^i wkb one another in fending ex- 
critfdaary pieienu r hither. Crttfut the 
neh kiag ot l^dia^ gave xooo ingots of 
|eU CO auJc« an alur share and PhaU- 
n$ the ryrtocof .4prii[^fitfiiiiimade a prefenc 
•iakaneo buUj a mafler-piece oi arc. 

Tbaasfvers vhicfa^jM^ gave here were 
"ff^tfi to be receif'd by him from /«- 
pier; they were delivered by a virgin 
^•'*d ^in^t who was plac'd upon a ftool 
•«* 3 ^**4 called Cortina from the skin 
<rf ^itioi^ wiih wbich ic was faid to be 
cowered. See r^/tbia, Tjtbon^ cortiaa and 

DtLTOlDESfof /^ cheGr^a J'ikra, 
■d «/!^ OiapeJ a triangular mufcle ari- 
^itom the ciavlcula, irom the upper 
fcaceb of the fhoulder blade ; as alfo from 
ifce froccis or the fame called /pint forme , 
UdhiaAeu*dto che middle of che (houl- 
^-boae» which it lifts direaiy upwards, 

MVrOTCyS r^tkrmrof, Gr,"} a con- 
^Oacjon or dufter or 6 flars, in form 
nfeailiiagche letter ^, called otherwife 
^mfmfmt JepUtttrionalis. 

X>^LOGb|;<fi7Mvii0R, JL] an inundation 
9t oversowing ot the earth either in 
p«Tt or che whole by water* 

ne/e ire covers deloges Mentioned in 
aocxesx hHorjr, both facredand profane. 

The Dencaiid/nuoA DELUGE, which Is 
itaocs happened in Greece In the year 
hasore Chrift x539> being the third yw 
hrace che comi^ of the IfraeUtes^ 
^ ^ ^^« according to the compu. 
v^ne ot Petm/iutm This dflagc only o- 

JW pptietg DfiLUOB} happ^a'd 300 

I> E 

vean before that of Deucalion^ and 179S 
before the birth of Chrift, according co 
Fetaviut* This only ravaged Attica. 
Thefe are frequently taken notice of by 
Greek authors hy the names of the former 
and laiter Deluge. 

There have been alfo feveral particular 
inundations or deluges' in feveral plices, 
as thofe of the Netherlands, which in 
1227 overwhelm*ct and cover'd wicb lea 
all that part now called the gulph Dot" 
lart in the united provinces. Aad 'm 
1421 all that part between i^rd^tfii/ and 

But tiie moft memorable is chat called 
che^ wdverjal Deluge in N^ab't time, 
which accordrog co the chronologers hap- 
pened anno mtmdi 1656, anfweriog to che 
year before Cbri/if 2293. 

D£LUMBA'TlO!^> a beating a bieak- 
ing of the loins. £• 

DBMAI'N I chat land which a man 

DfiMBAN y holds origijially of him- 

DEMESN > felf, which (he Civi//<zn# 
call Dommicumt and is oppofed to Feodtan 
or fee, which fignifies land held of a fu- 
perlor lord. Indeed (che land of the 
Crown only accepted) there is no land 
that is not held of fome fuperior ; becaufe 
all, either mediately or immediacely, do 
depend on che crown; fo that when e 
man, in pleading, would intimate that 
his land is his own, he pleads that be 
was feixed or poffeffed thereof in bis de» 
mam asef fee\ and by this he means, 
that tho' his land be to him and his 
heirs for ever ; yet Ic is not true demain, 
but depends upon a fuperior lord. 

DEMAND [in horn] a claim or ctll« 
ing upon a perfon for any cbing due. 

DEMANDA'TION, a commiBion or 
commircine; unco* X> 

DEMBMBRBE [in BeraUryJ is when 
an animal it difmembred, i. e* his limbs 
torn ofFfrom his body. 

DEMB'RSED [demerfus^ 1.] plunged, 

VEMlBafiion [in Fcrti^atiaiiJ a baftioa 
that hasortly one face aid one flink. 

DEMI GiDois cf the ledfifiu [with GuH' 
ners'i a ^reac gtin, carrying a ball of 6 
inches diameter, and 30 pound weighty 
requires a charge of 24 poaad of powder, 
and will carry a ball point blank i5^ 
paces; This Vun weighs 5400 pounds s 
is in length from 10 to j x feet, and the 
diameter ac the bore is 6 inches on« 

DEMI Camum Ordhtary [with GuanersJ 
carries a ball 6 Inches x*6ch diameter, 
and 3» pound weight \ requires a charn 
of 17 pound and half of powder, weighs 

5^00 poMDd i tf i» ^V^ '^ ^^°^ > '^* 

Digitized by VjOOQ V^ 


Clftmfter tt th^ bore 4 inches and t half, 
ftDd ctrries a ball i6e paces. 

DEMI Camion Extraordinary [with Gun- 
iirrfj canies a ball o 6 inrhes 5-8ihs dia- 
meter, and 36 pound weight ; requires a 
charee of x8 pound of ponders weighs 
6000 pound; is in length 13 foots me 
diameter at the bore is 6 inches 3 4'hs, 
and carries a b/1' upon ft poijic blank x8o 

DEMI'CO'LVKRINE {ofdem and cow 
hfrrme, F.J a pie e ot ordnance ol feve- 
ral forrs. 

D'^MI-CULVERINB Ordinary [with 
GMDierij is in weight 2^ pound, is 10 
loot long i diameter at the bore 4 inches 
and halt; requires a charge of 7 ]>ound, 
4 ounces of powder ; the ball is 4 inches 
3[-4th diameter, and in weight 10 pound 
XX ounces \ and flioots upon a point blank 
»75 paces 

DBMI CUIVERINB fftbeUtfifize, 
is a piece of ordnance, in weight 3000 
pound ; in length from 9 to XO toot, the 
diameter at the bore 4 inches x*4th ; re- 

Suires a charge of 6 pound x-iLch pow- 
er ; carries a ball of 9 pound weight, 
and 4 inches x 4ch diamerer, will fhooc 
upon a point blnnk 174 paces. ' 

DEMICULVERINB Extraordinary, a 
piece of ordnance of 3000 pound weight,is 
so foot x-3d long ,4 inches 3-4rhs diameter 
at the bore, requires a charge of 8 pound 
and a half of powder, and a ball of 4 in- 
ches and a half diameter, and X2 pound 
II ounces weight, and will Iboot upon a 
poinr blank 178 paces. 

DBMI.DITONE [with Mi^cims} the 
fame as Tierce Minor. 

DEMI GORGE j^in fmtff.] is half the 
gorge or entrance into the baftron, but 
not taken from angle to angle where the 
baftion Joins the courtin, but from the an- 
gle tc the flank to the centre of the bar* 
tion, or the angle that the courtins would 
make, if they were thus lengthened to 
meet in the biaftion. 

DEMI-HAQUE, a fort of gun. See 

l^EMMUNE, a half-moon. K 

DEMLSANG [Lam term] of the half 
blood ; as when a man has iflue by his 
wife, either a fon or daughter, and upon 
the death of his wifie he marries ano. 
ther, and has alfo a fon or daughter by 
her; thefe Tons or daughters are com- 
anonl7 called tajfirotberi^ or kalffifters, 
or of the half Hood, F. 

DBMIU'ROIC idemiurgicus, Z. /a^i- 
utyixoc of i'lijuQ' the publick and Ifyh 
Gr» work] ot or t>ertaining to a creator. 

DEMONS [Aee//u«7di, according to fome 
•f /«^{;«d^ to diftrihiue, to auBuafter, I 


others oUu/Juftfm to make afraid, otfcdit- ; 
of /AcTr, Gr, to know J were certain Spi- 
rits or gemi, who are reported to havo 
appeared to men, either to ferre then 
or do them hurt. The Chaldeans were 
the firft that entertain*d the nottoa o£ ', 
(hem, ^nd from them tc fpread to tfaa 
Other nations, as the Egyptuau, fac. tlis 
firit of whole demens was Mercury or 
Tbeut, THe notion of them was carried 
from Egy^ into Greece by Tytbagoras and • 
Tbale4. And Tlato fallmg la with the 
notion of demons, explain'd it more full7 
and di/lrnaiy than any of the philofophers 
before' him ha^ done. By pem(;ns be udp 
der/lood fpirics infierior to gods, and yec 
fnpcrior to men; which inhabited tb« 
middle region oc the air and kept up die 
communicarion between them,carryiag the 
offerings and prayers ot men to the gods, 
and bringing the will of gods to men f 
bu*- he allow'd of none but good and be- 
neficent ones.^ But his diiciples after- 
wards, not being able to account for or 
give the reafon of evil, adopted another 
fort of Demons, who were maleficent and 
enemies to mankind. The Jfiaelites alfb, 
by their commerce with the CtOddtans^ 
receivM the notion of Demons s bat by 
DentOHk rhey did not underftand the devfl 
or a wicked iWrit, nor was it ufed in 
that Tenfe but by the Evangelifis and fome 
modenr7evi. The P/^^ic/^au call'd theis 
LZ3\yy3 BaaUm, their fuprene BebiK 
was ^ya Baai or ^^Q jMblocK 

DEMO'NSTRABLENESS, plainoefi or 
eafmefs to be demonftraced, capableiiel9> 
of demonftracion. 

pbert] a fyllogifm in form, containing « 
dear end invincible truth of a propoO* 

an argument fo convincing that the coa 
clnfioo muft neceflarily be infallible. 

DEMONSTRATION, is one whicfr 
proceeding by afiirmative and evident 
propofitions, dependent on each other, 
ends in the thing to be demonftrated. 

A negative^ DEMONSTRATION, is 
whereby a thing is fliewn to be fuch &oia 
fome abfurdit^ that would follow^ if ie 
were otberwjfe. 

A DEMONSTRATION a Priore, otm 
whereby an tBeSt U proved from a caufe & 
or a conclufioo by fomething previous, ci^ 
ther a caufe or an antecedent. 

A DEMONSTRATION aFtfierhfre, mm 
one whereby either f caufe is proved 
from an effeft, or a conclufion by fome* 
thing poftejior, eliher ao tS^St or acon^ 

Digitized by VjOOQ IC 



k Ctomitnc4i DEMONSTRATION, 

•or fnined from reaToning drawn from 
(kg clemencs of Euclid. 

Me who4e reafoaingstre drawn fiom rules 
4x BBecvafuC'Ts^ 

DBMONSTRATiON [with Jlfotl»eM4 
6omg1 a chain of argnmanrs depending one 
Md aAocker, and originallv founded on 
n tad felf-erUent principles, or plain 
Pnifa6xioiis railed and proved from (hem ; 
ibtfcat in the condofion ic ends in cbe in- 
^ciUe proof of che chiif to bt demon- 

I>EMO'NSTRATXVB [with ^bttarUi- 
mg\ ooB KA\!^gtmetd or kiodaof elo. 
fKM, xkA in the compofing panegyrickt, 

DCMOioSTkATIVENESS, aptnefs for 

DEMO'NSTRATORT {dmanfirAmmt 
I.J (clooging CO demonftration. 

S, refervednafi^ affefied 

To DEMD'RR Tdemeitrer, F. of dem- 
rmi, Lj to pnc in donbcs or obje&ions 
m % fint 5 to delav or pus ott a fur 
Aer hearing. In chaacery^ a defendant 
dCBEn to a plaintiff's bill, by afiirm- 
iig ikat ic is defe^ve in fnch or fuch 
apoiac, mad demands the judgment of 
ifce coort upon ir» if he ihall be obliged 
m adpB wDf hathu or other anfwer 

mnTRKBR ri4V term] a psufe up- 
OB a point oi difficnhj in an adlon, 
vifch reqniioi fome time to be taken 
Iv ikn oonrt or judf ei to take the mat< 
Mr iao fitrcher coafideration* 


DBMI 7 [in BUnumy] it 
1>BMYf ufied ta ^iy 
one helfg u deasy- Uon. 

DEN £!■ Old Meeardt] t low place, 
waim added to the otmes of feVeral towns 
aad viDagci in cbe fame fenfe^ ai 2hi- 
dgfdm in Kgwi, }ffe. 

DENAnill DB CHARITATB, frhit- 
JB-iaRhiagey an ancient etiftomary obla- 
tioB to the eachedral about Wbttfimiide^ 
wfaea the prieft of the pariA, and many 
of che paiiwooeff went to ?ifit mother 

OfiNA'BinSy a BMMnrihrer coin, mar. 
kei with the letter Xt it being in yalne 
f«, or aboot 7 pence half-penny 

IIUS DEI [ r. e. Go^i Temtf] 
MBift rn^aCT I fs> tenned* kecaufe in an- 
•tavtiBes, the moafj that was laid down 
ftkbdaap bargain or agie0iiieot« wat gi- 


Ten to God| ue* either to the church of 
poor. JL 

DENARIUS Tertlus Conutatus [hm 
term] a third part of the profits, which 
arife from che country courts, which wero 
paid to the earl of the country; the 0- 
ther two pares being referred for cho 
king. L, 

DENARIUS Sanai Petri, tmefcH or 
Peter-pence i which fee. X. 

DENA'ARABLE IdenorrahiUi^} chat 
may be related. 

MNARRATION, a narration. X. 

DENCHEE'l [in Beraidfy} a terra 

DE'NCHEDj applied to the ordina^ 
riea in a fliield when they are edged with 
teeth or indented. 

DENDRITES fof/t'f/e^f.Gr] a fore 
of whitiih or afli-colour*a ftooes, which 
are feen on trees. ibrul», iffc* 

DENDRO'CISSON [/•?/e^«i«-«r.Gr.l 
a fort of iyy that grows without uee ov 
wall i tree or ftandard ivy. £. 
^DENDROl'DES [/fr/ef«K^^ Gr.] • 
kind of ipiirge full of branches i uec« 
fpurge. £• 

DENDROLIBA^US, the herb rofe<^' 
mary« Gr. of X. 

DBNDROMAXACHE t^t9^eff*^>^xJ^ 
Gr,2 the herb trea-maUows. X. 

DE'NDRON [<riF/e^>, Or.] a tree. 

DENDRCPHORI [of /inTe^v a tree 
*^ ^ff Gr* to bear] tree-beareri thof* 
who pertorroed that office in the 

DENDROPHORI'A f AurcTe^*. Or. J 
a ceremony performed in the (kcrifiices of 
Bacchus^ cihele, \0C. of carrying tree* 
through a city* 

The pine-tree which was carried in « 
proceifioQ, was afterwards planted in me- 
mory of that under which Aijs the favou- 
rite of the goddefs Cybele mutilated hinw 
felfs they alfo crowned the branches of 
this tree in imitation of Cybele'% doing 
the fame) and they covered its trunk 
with wool, in imitation of the goddefs'a 
havii^ covered the breaffc of A^ yrulk 
the fame. 

DENEB [with 4^r0n0fiiflri} aftarcal* 
led otherwtie CVuida /uci^itf, orthelionV 

DBNIGRAnruRE Idenigramra, L.J 
a making black. 

OENOMINA'TRIX, fht thst denomi- 
nates or names. X. 

DENS CANINUS [with Botamfls] the 
herb dog's-tooth ; fo called, becaufe tho 
leaves of its flowers refemble a dog'a 
tooth. X> 

DENS LEONIS [with Botaniftjl tho 
herb Dandelion or Xion*s tooth. X. 

DBNSATION, a making thick. 


Digitized by VjOOQ I ^ 



}[denfitaj, I»] a qua 
iity belonging to com- 
fz€k D^dics', (hickneis, a property of bo- 
dies whereby they contain fuch a quanti- 
ty of mart er under fuch a bulk. 
^ DE'NTALS [Dentales, JU] fuch letterf 
xn pionounc ng which the leech are ab> 
folutely neceir«ry, are by Grammarians Co 

DENTA'LIS La^is I in P'umnacy 1 a 
kind of fliell, which being polvdiix'd, is 
vs'd in medicaments as an excelleoc M- 

DBnTA'RPAGA [of dens, X. a tooth, 
tnd tipird^A^ Gr."^ a furgeon's ioftrument 
lor drawing teeth. 

DENTA'TED [dentatus, i.] Baving 

DENTI'CULATED [denticiOatus, ij 
Jiaving teetby.or jagged. 

DENTA'TUS, a, urn 7 p° Bo 

DENTICULA'TUS, 4, MR j^ tamck 
IVritii^i^ fignifies iniieoted on the edges 
with imall teeth. X. 

DB'NTED [of denrniu, X.] Imvii^ 
notches like teeth. 

DBKTIDU'CUM [of dintes and duco, 
X. to lead] an inftrumenc for drawing 

DHNTI'LOQUIST [dentiloquui, X.] one 
that fpeakcth through the lecrh. 

DENTI'LOQUY Ident'iloquiwn^ X.] a 
peaking throuf;h the teeth. 

DENU'DATED [denudatus, X.] made 
aaked or bare. 

DENUMBRA'TION, a prcfent paying 
down of money. 

DENU'NTIATED Idmmnatust X.J 

To DEOBSTRU'CT [with Tbyficians] 
is to remove obftru^^ions or ttoppages s 
CO open the pores of the body. 

DE'ODAND iDeodandiotty q. dandum 
Deo, i. e. to be devoted to God] a thing 
as ic were forteited to God, to atone 
for the violent death of man by mifad- 
venture j as if a man were killed by the 
accidental fall of a tree, or run over by 
a ;cart- wheel ; then the tree or carr- 
wheeli or cart and horfes, is to be fold, 
and the money ro be given to the poor. 

DEOWILATIVES [in Fbarmacy] me- 
dicines which iotten, lefolve and remove 

. JDEPA'SCENT [depafiens^ X.] feeding 

To DEPAU'PERATH [ depauperatum, 
X.] to impovcTi". or make poor. 

DEPECUI A'TOR, one that robs the 
coromonwcahh i or imbezzles the pub- 
lick trea'.tirc. 

DEPE'NCILLED7 [of de and pene- 

DEPii'^$m,fiO f Qi^iUf i. pcacilj 


defigned or drawn out with a pencif. 

To DEPHLB'GMATfi[in C^m^ftryJ U 
to clear any thin^ from phlegm or vra- 
cer : as a ipiric is faid to be well d«- 
phlegmacedy when it ii made pare by be- 
ing re6lificd and diftiiled over again, and 
either whollv, or as much at may be» 
clearerl of all water and phlegm. 

DBPLO'RABLBNESS, lamencaUeneiatf 

To DEPLCRE [deplorare^ X J to la- 
ment Or bemoan one*s misfortunes. 

DEPLU'MATED Idepltautus, X.] ha* 
ving tbe teatbers taken off, 

DEPLU'MED [depbime, Kj depluott- 

DBPO'RT , deportment » befaavtoor. 

DEPORTAnriON [among the Romams] 
a fort of baniOiment, by which fome tiland 
or other was afUgned lor the baidflied per- 
Ton to alnde in, with a prohibitioD aoc 
to ftir out upon pain of death. X. 

DEPO'ST [dipofitum, X.] the thii^ 
put into the hands of another to keep. 

DEPO'SlT Idepofitum, X. depots F.J a 

DfiPOSI'TIO [with GrammariaosJ tlie 
ending of the dimenfions of a Laiiu or 
Greek verfe s To as to find out, wfaetber 
it be perfeSi redundant or deficient. X. 

DEPO'SITUM, a pledge left in tiie 
hands of another » or in a place ; alio a 
wager. L, 

Simple DEPOSITUM [in Uv] is either 
neceffitry or voluntary ; necelTary as in caie 
of 5re, SbiptPreck, ^c. 

Voltmtary DEPOSITUM, that which la 
committed by choice. 

Judiciary D£PO$iTUM»is when a thit^, 
the righ: of which is contefted between x 
or more perfons, is depofited in the hands 
of a third perfouy by the decree of the 

DEPRECA'TION [in Bhetorick'] a fi- 
gure wliereby the orator invokes the aid 
of fome perfon or thing ; or prays for 
fome evil or punifliment to befall him* 
who fpeaks faifely, either himfelf or hia 

DBPRE'CIATED IdepreciatusO^lcti^A 
down in price or undervalued. 

To DEPREHE'ND [deprebendere^ JLJ 
to catch or feize utiawares, 

DEPR£Hfi'NSIBLEN£SS» capablene/a 
of being caught or understood. 

DE'PRIMENS [with AnatomiJU] Ooci 
of the itiait: mufcles, whicii moves tha 
globe or ball of the eye, which ferves co 
pull ic downwards; ic is alfo called ^la-i 
mUs* X' 

DEPRE'TIATED Idepretiatusy X.] lef- 
fened la ik^ price, luideivalued, vUi-. 

Digitized by VnOOQlC 


DBWTIATION, ao undervaTning, a 
fctojj (keefleem or whie, Jw. xT 

WlirATlON ffD the r^o» tam] 
W^ a civeaing or ttkiog away a fpi- 
OittifiomofK n -^r tSgrity. 

DEPWVATION /AiW/fe/a, « wbtn 
■rfcwgieit crime a aiintfter is whol- 
^fcftier il^rifed of liit benefice or 

.KPRIVATION ah officio, it vhen a 
***"" *• ^ *•* def rived of his or- 

JoDEWrCELATB [rf£.|»iic^fer, K] to 
tww^, to br reave ot viifiinity, 
JWlSOKYldepidfiriHS, L.) putting 

^DEIURATH fA^4tiwi, Z.] to 
r«y, to iep rare the pure from the im- 
F«?in« nothing. 
OtfirilD, porificd. defecated, clear* 

Ditoy fin the fenfe of the laml 
^•teMedifcs any office. Jyc. in the 
^^'"olwrmanj for whofe mifde- 
■*•» ct torteiture, the perfon for 
•jSit^fti" lofehis office. 
J««AI'CNMENT [in lasf} a dcr^ign 

j^AlGNMENT fwiih Ciw/w/i/] a 
^V ot t frofcflion j a term fome- 

j^JiEircT Lmds, fuch Itndi as are 

■Jif ^f die fea. 

"^^XY [derifmuj, I.J.idicu- 

«»»»|fitn he laughed at. 

j^UlUTiON rof de and Wvw, a 

, «ftfeam, I,] property a draining 

*!?;« or tom'nji its courfe. 

«WATOa)ES [of /r>^« the skin, 
J" epithet given to the exterior 
■^■^ that iavefts the brafn, skin- 

^OATI^ (deragativus, Z.] de- 
J^dftiaAing rrom the worch of. 
^O'OATORINiSS, leiKiency to de- 

j^!»»eS f H*.J among the 7l<r*i 
J|^«iii3okiwlioprofeftextrciTje po- 
rjL?* lead a very auftere lite. The 
J2J. oUed alfo Mevilavites, of one 
Jr^ iWr founder, affea a great 
l|/f"Jj^y, fauoiility, patience and 
2i2J always go bare-icgg*d and 
K****» «B<* the better to inure 
S[2 *• ^Pttience, freqoently burn 
ffj|» *iiJi red -hot ir ri. They 
Wj*yf5» on Ili^ifyj and friidyj, at 
FJw fo^rior of their ho'ife is prc- 
W*»kidi meetings one of them pUys 
J^e on a flute (which tnftro- 
^iiy^hly«ft^igii9©o^rated by 

D E 

74C^ and rKe Old Tcftament ffiepherdi 
c^atfung the prailes of Gcd upon U) the 
rctt dance, ti.nting their bod es round 
wirh an incredible Muntft, havirg inu. 
redtheiriAlvfs to iNs exrrcffe rrom their 
youth : Thrs they <!o in memory of the r 
patriarch Meveiava. who, they fay. riirn- 
ed rotrnd cortfr.tiaily forth e ipace ^f four 
<'«y«, without any food or refrefhmenr. 
after which be fell into an extafy, and re- 
ceived wonderful revelations for the efta- 
Miftment of their order. Tm<j greateft 
?*r\of thftfe Dervi/es Ate Cbaldx^ws, who 
vplytl-emrelves to legerdemain poftui^s 
tfc. to amufe the people 5 others prsfti/e 
forcery and magick. and all of them cVink 
Wine, biandy, and other ftrone liquors, 
contrary to the principles of Mahimeii 
and this they do to make them gay, aa 
their order requires. 

DE?AHCINA^10N, a taking oflfbag- 
gage, an unloading, i. 

DESCA'NT [in a Mttapborical SenfeJ 
a continued difcourfe or comment, or hrte 
paraphrafc on any fubjeft. 

DESCENDING [defcendens, JL] fal- 
ling or moving from below dowrnwards. 

DESCENDING Latitude lAflron,] U 
the latitude ot a planet in its retura 
from the nodes to the equator. 

DESCE'NSIONAL Difference [Jfiron.l 
is the difference between the right and 
oblique afrenfion of the fame ftar. 

lineal DESCE'NT, is that which h 
convey d down in a right line from the 
gtandfjther to the father, and from the 
father to the fon, from the fon to the 

Collateral DESCENT, 1$ that which 
fpringsouc ofihe fide of the.lioeor blood, 
as from a man to bis brother, nephew^ 

DESCE'NT r «n Mecbamcls ] Is thft 
motion or tendency ot a body towards 
the center of the earth, either direfily or 
obliqucl y. 

DESCENT info a Moat or Ditch fia 
Fortification'} is a deep digging into iho 
earth 01 tite cover'd way, m the form of 
a trench ; the top of which is covered 
with plarks or wattles bound clofe toge- 
ther, and well loaded with earth, to fe- 
cure the foldiers againil fire, in their paT- 
fape inro the moat or ditch. 

DESCENT [in Blazonry] is a term 
ufed t^ fignify coming down $ as a lion in 
defcetU^ is a lion coming down, i. e* with 
his heels up towards one of the bafo 
points, as tho' he were leaping down from 
fome high place. 

DESCE'NTS [in Fbrnficat,^ the holes, 
vaults, and hollow pi jces which- are made 
by uodermtning the ground,- 

Digitized by VjOOQ IC 



To DESCRIBE Idefcrihere, £. } to 
^riie otir or fee down in wiicing. 

To DESCRIBE [in Jjwgfufge] h co ex- 

To DESCRIBE fin Otaming^ Taiating, 
iffc,'] is CO (iraw the form ot a thing, co 

DESCRl'PnOKf 18 to irs outward ap. 
pearance, refemUes s de&ution, it U a 
ibpei&Jal, inaccttraiedofinicionol a ching, 
|:iving a fore of knowledge thereof, from 
fome accidontt and circunsfiances peculiar 
to ir, wh)ch decermine it enough co give 
an idea, which may dittinguiih it from 
other things, but without explaining its 
nature or eifence. 

DESCRrPTS [wich Botanick miter$] 
fuch plants as are defcrtbed. 

DESECRATION, an unhallowing» a 

A DB'SERT Xjdefertum, L.] a wilder- 

ADB'SARTfrefs, a large wild part 
of a coumry, a folitary lonefome place. 

DE^E'RTtESS. without merit, unde- 

DESHACHE' [in Blaxmry] U a term 
ufed by French heralds, to (tinify that the 
beaft has limUs feparaied from his body, 
infuch manner that they remain upon the 
efcuccheon, wich only a fmall reparation 
from their nacural places. F. 

DESl'CCATIVB JMfdifiintfi, thofe that 
are of a drying qualify. 

A DESI'CCATIVE [with Tbfficians'] 
a drying plafter or ointment. 

To DESl'DB idefidere, i^] to fink or 
fall down. 

DESI'DIOSElf rffMy«i. i] idle, 

EESI'DlOUSf flothlul, laxy, nuggift. 

DBSI'GN, refpeBing Arts and Sciences^ 

denotes the thought, plan^ geometrical 

reprefencacion, Jcfc. 

.> DESIGN [\Ti Painting] the firft draught 
or sketch of a p'£lare or in general, ii 
the thought that the artift had abouc any^ 

{[rcat piece j whether the contours or out- 
inesbe only drawn, or whether the piece 
has the (hadows of the colours ; fo chat 
if there appears much sk-'U or judgroenc, 
it is common co <ay, the Defign is great 
and noble, 

DESIGN fin Painting^ It alfo ufed to 
figuiiy the juft measures, the proportions 
and outward forms, which thofe objefts 
ought to have, which are drawn in imita- 
tion of nature, and may be called a j^f? 
mitation of nature. 

DFSICNA'TION, an anjpointment, de- 

fignment, nomtoacion } alio the marking 

the j^urmentsand boundings of an edace. 

DESI'PIENCE [with Pbyficians] the 

dotage or raving of a fick perlun. 

DESI'PIENX [deBpim, i-J fooliih, 


DBSntABLBNESS,^ worih&ie& to 


DESl'RB [d^, F.dtfidnimm, 3Ll n 
eafioefs of mind on account of th« afifen 
of any thing, the prefent enjoymetit. 
which would afford pleafiire and deligtr 
longing, wiaing; alfo entreaty or reqatf! 

DESl^ROUSNBSS, eameftnefs, deiire 

DE'SMOS [of /!», Ot, to bind] ai 

DB^SOLATBNESS.foUtarinefs, uncoi 
forrablenefs, a lying wafle. 

DE'SOLATENESS, a defolattt ftflte. 

DESCyLATORY [defolatorius^ X. J ms 
king defolate, belongmg to defblacion 

DESPAl'Rf<f<f>}irr^o, t.deJefMr^ F, 
the reflexion of the mind npon the unai 
tainablenefs of fome sood, which is ch 
canfe of different em&s in the sntDds c 
oien, fometimes canling pain or nneftfinefj 
and fometimes unconcernednefs. 

pESPAI'RINGNBSS Idefperatio, L.J 
beit^ without hopes. 

DE'SPERATENESS ^oi defpersre, X. 
hopelefnefss alfodaringnefs, furioufhefs. 

DESPERA^ON, a defpairing or hUm 
into defpair. X. 

DB'SPICABLBNESS, concempcibl«iieii 

DESPI'CIENT [defpiciens^ LJ look 
ing down upon. 

DESPI'CIBNCB Idefpicientia^ Z.J i 
defpifiug or contemning. 

DESPrSABLE IdeJjicabiUs, 2.] ct< 
fame as Defhicable. 

DESPI'SABLENESS [oi defl»cere^ r 
to look down uponj defervingnels co |m 

DESPorNA [of /f#{r6T«, Or, a la^^ 
a TivsM oi Profcrpmey Ibebein^ the qtieeo 
of the dead, who were all faid co be re- 
ceived under her dominion. 

DESPO'NSATBD [defpanfatus, 1.J af, 
fianced, efboufed, betrothed. 

A DESPOTICAL C<wemment, a go- 
vernment when che prince having galff^ 
anabfolute power over his people, is no 
longer guided or controilM by the lawa 
of his country, but governs folel/ by Jitp 
will and pleafttre. 

DESPOTICALNESS, arbitrarinets, 

DE'SPOTI SM . defpotick goveromeoc 

DESPOU'ILLE lioBiaXomyJ » ufed to 
fignify che whole cafe or skin of a beaft, 
with the head, (ect, tail, and all aopur- 
tenauces} fo as being filled up, itiookt 
like the whole creature. F. 

To DE'SPUMATB Idejpiauttm^ £.J 
CO fcum or dariiy liquor. 

DESQUA'MATED Ideffiamatus^ l.J 
fcaled, having the fcales taken off. 

DE^SE'RT £rfcJ^r//, FJ tbclaft courfe 


Digitized by VjOOQ IC 


wttM mi % ienrio» of txaa tsd fweec- 

msmXATlCaf^ m extraaton of the 
JBift iB^bioiii p«rt« wbich tre rttrified inco 
WDqr or fjnc*e, at it were by fire. 

Pg STTHATB J **•] appointed, d«- 
tcnnsed, onUined, condemned to. 

M'STINY [wuhFdf4R Tbihfophers] 
•■• • fecret or tnvifible power or virtue, 
wfaick vtdliiicoinpreheaubie wifdomcoo- 
^■fi* witec CO manldnd appears irregular 
•ad lorrcicousy which ccmes much to the 
&Be, that w^ich m is called Ood, 

DS'STITUTENESS, a being tbriaken 

DESTRl'CTlON, < binding. 1. 

BESTKl'GMKKT id^fir'tgnmhim^ X.] 
(te vkickis icraped or pitBed off any 

DESnuCTIBl'LITY, a captblenefs of 
M^ aeftro7»d. 
DfiSTRO'CTIYBHBSS, deffroyiqg na- 

DESUfDATORT [^difMdatmm, £.j 
as fco;-fa<rn(e or bagnio. 

DESOE'TE {dtfmtms, JL] oat of u(e. 

DESDlTOltBSl perfons of agiliry ot 

I>fiS01.T0'RlI I body, who nfed to 
leo CroB one boHe to another at the 
teife races ID the CfrP«|(Edii gamei. 

OiSUXTORlNfiSS, the skipping from 
" 'ag 00 another. 
laTURE fdefuUurs, X.] a vaidt- 
» one horie to aaocher. 

OETA'CHfiD rieces [in Jbrfi/; ] are 
iiii liiif I, horn-works or crown-works, 
•i^cMo baiUoRi, when feparated, a:id 
K m SSU aot from the body of the place. 

DETBTtGENT Idetergens, JL] wipii^ 
aC demfinir, fcowring. 

DKTEOIGENTS Hx^phfick] fach me- 
dkaety which mundUy, cleanTe and carry 
tf trilcU and gbatinoos humours (hat ad- 
tere CO the body, 

6f bciag det cimined or decided. 

DETE'RMINATENESS, definiieneis, 

DETEtMINA'TION Ha rkjjfich'i the 
^ffijwfrinn or cendeacy p? a body towards 

DETEUINATION f vdh P^i/q/o- 
|lm1 <ht «aioo by which a caufe is li- 
MM or reftxalned to ad, or not to aft, 
iIm Or thac9 or in this or that manner. 
iaiB] is foch as proceeds from an ef«* 
t cai& , as when an artift determines ^ 
I si uua nc to a csrtain adioo, or from 
AiJkrs» as chat dicermiaes the iadiile- 

n te iiffnRMriaii#| 10 baro UcM 



Upon theprefence of external objedi. 

Moral DETERMINATION, is one 
which proceeds from a cau^s which ope. 
rates noraify, i. e, by commanding, per- 
/oadtng, or adviiing (bme eflef^. 

rtyfical DETERMINATION, is an aft 
where God excites and applies afecond 
canfe to aft ancecedently co all the ope- 
rations of the creature. 

To DfiTE'RMINH [ditemittore of de 
«nd terminus, properly to fet or appoint 
boundsj to judge or decide a matter in 
controverfy or queftion $ to put an end to 
a matter s to incline, co difpoie, to re- 
folve, pnrpofe or defiga. 

DBTE^RSIVENESS, cleanfing quality. 

DETE'STABLENBSS, defervingnefs to 
be abhorred. 

jtaion of DETl'NUElLin LsmJ is when 
a man is (ued to deliver up his truft. 

DETO'RTED [dimjut^ Z.J turned a* 
wry. Or away, wriifaen. 

DETRA'CTIVE, apt todetrad. 

DETRA'CTIVBNESS, decrafting quali- 
ty orhnmour. 

DETRA'NCHEB [in B/;«BOfii>] is nfed 
to figntfy a line bend-wife, that comes noc 
from the very angle, but either from 
Tome part of the upper edge^ and £illing 
from thence diagonally cr athwart, or to 
the fame manner from part of the fide s 
bat always from the right fide- F. 

DETRIME'NT ALNESS, prejudicialners. 

DETRIMBNTO'SB \ fdetrimentofui^ 

DBTRIME'NTOUS f X.] caufiog da- 
mage or lofs ; hurtful. 

DETRU'NCATED [ <fetrMifiStii/, X. ] 
cut or ch6pped oflF; beheaded. 

DETURBA'TION, a caftiog or throw, 
ing down from on high i alfo a troubling 
or difturbing. X. 

DSTURPAnriON^ a making filthy, % 
polluting. X. 

DBUCAaiON, the Ton of Prometbiiu^ 
who married fjnba^ the daughter of 
Epimetbem s The poets tell us that while 
he reigned l^Thejfa^^ there happened an 
univerfal flood that drowned all the world 
but only he and his wife, who got ioto a 
fliip, and were carried to the top of mounc 
Pamaffus, and Ray'd there till the dry 
land appeared ; and when the flood wae 
gone, he confiilted the oracle of Thewi^ 
how mankind might be repaired, and was 
anfwered, if he caft his great mother's 
bones behind^is back : whereupon he took 
ftoDCSt cbe bcmes of his great mother the 
earth, and threw them over his flioulders^ 
and they b^eaoM men, and fyrrba, fhecaft 
ftones over her flioulders backwards, and 
they became women. The truth U, this 
deluge came Only in Greeee andRufy, buc 
ch« P9f tl feigned all (hings w kKfc hap^ 
Cg» feaad 


pened afrer Deacal'ton'% flood, ag they did 
a;cer the inundation in the days of Naab. 
Ard as to their being faved on mount Par- 
najfus^ they only climbed to the top of it, 
and w«re there faie above the waters, 
and after the B.^06, taught the people more 
civility th«n they had before; this deluge 
appeoed A. M. 2440, and 784 years after 
that i'* tioah*%x\me» 

DEVE'RGENCB [devergcnt'ta, 1.] a 
devexity or dedivity, by which any thing 
tends or declines downward. 

DEVB'X Idivexus, X.] hoUow like a 
valley ; bowed down, bending. 

DEVE'XION, devexity, bendingnefs or 
ihelvingnefs. JL 

DEVE'XNESS[d«^«tjt4i, L] bending, 
nefs, ftieWing downwards. 

To DE'VIATE [with GfMmmarians] is 
when a word varies from the lenfe ot its 
primitive or original. 

DEVI'CEl [ofr dividere^ L. becaufe it 

DEvrSE I divides or dittinguirhes per- 
fons» ^c] is either a reprefe.itatioo, an 
• emblem or an hieroglyphick, expreffing 
fomething that is to be kept in mind, Aich 
&s the EgybtiMs i.fed inflead of writing, 
which ot late have a motto added to 
them, to explain the fignification, which 
otherwife would be dark or unintelligi- 
ble ; as king Levfis XIV. of France^ had 
for his device, the fun in his glory, with 
this motto, tfec pluriBut impart intima- 
ting, that he was able to cope with ma- 
ny enemies. • 

UEVICE7 in a reftraincd fenfe, is un- 

DEViSE 5 derftood to fignify an em- 
blem, or a rcprerentacioD of fome natural 
body, with a motto or fenteoce applied in 
m figurative fenfe, to the advantage oi. 
fome perfon. 

DE'VIL on the Necl, a kind of rack 
or torturing engine, anciently in ufe a- 
mong the Papijis, to extort a confeiEon 
from Prot^ants or LoUards, This ma- 
chine was made of feveral irons which 
applied to the neck and legs wrung or 
wrenched them together in fo violent a 
maaner, ti)a\ the more the peifonflirred, 
the ftraicer be was preflfed by them, and 
in the rpace of 3 or 4 hours his back and 
body would be baroken in pieces. 

5mD&VIL, a monftrous creature on 
thecoaft oi Amer'iCM^ having black horns 
like a ram, a terrible afpe6b, a bunch on 
the head, refembling m hedge-hog, tuftes 
like a boar, and a forked tail s and the 
£elh of a poifonous quality. 

DBVIL'4 M2(kt an herb, e fort oi 

DE'VILSHIP, the devil's dignity. 
^ DB'VIOUSNESS [of devius^ I.J fwer. 
wngneff , tptDQfs 10 go out of the way. 

DfivraOlNATBD Idevir&tuOw^ Z. J 


DEVI'SCERATED Idevifceratus, i. J 
imboweUed, hav'ngthe bo\\.(is :aic(*n ou*-. 

DBVi'TABLE f^devitabilis, i. j eafy to 
be ihunne^i or avoided. 

To DBVI^IATB [devhiatim, i.] r* 
corrupt or marr; to deflower. 

DEVOCA'TION, a calling down. i. 

DEVOI'D ioide and viade, F.J cmp- 
:y of. 

To DE'VOLATE [devolatum, X-] to 
fly away or dawn. 

DEVORA'TlON, a devouring or coa* 
fuming. X. 

DE VOR ATCRIOUS [ d^orator'tus^ 
L.] devouring or conittiD>ns« 

DEVO'TtD [devotus, JL.] fet apart lor 
holy ufe i arrached, ftrongly inclined to. 

DEVOU'RINGNESS l^i devoratio, JL.J 
devouring narure, Jw. 

DEVOU'TNESS, fulnefs of devotion. 

DEUTSmiON [of ^%Jr%f^, Gr. tbo 
fecond] the fecundinc or after-birth. 

^^ and aarmjwf , Gr»1 a name that fchool 
divines give to certain books of the fa* 
cred fcripture that were added after the 
reft, as the book of Ejlber^ UfC- 

DEVUi'DFR [in Riding Acadimies'] n 
a term that is applied to a horfe, that 
working upon vaults, makes his fhoulders 
go too fail for the croup to follow ; fo 
that inftead of going upon two tieadf, as 
be ought, he eudeavourt to go only upon 

DB'WY, having dew on it, wet with 

DB'XTANS [with the Romans^ ten 
ounces or ten parts of any intire ihii^ thac 
is divided into twelve. 

DE'XTER» right, on the right hand or 
right fide. 1. 

SEXTRA, the right hand. Z. 

DEXTER Bd/e [in Herat* 
dry] is the right fide of the 
bafe, as letter G in the figure. 


DEXTER Chief ph Heral- 
dry] is the angle on the right 
hand of the chief, as letter A 
in the figure* 

DEXTBR Point [with Heraidsj tho 
right fide point in an efcut.beon. 

DE'XTROCHEREl [by HeraUs'i a 

PB'STROCHBRE J term applied CO 
the right arm painted on a fhield. 

DIABO'LICALNfiSS fpfdiabo^au^ Z. 
dioBoliaue, R of /iWCtX^ of /i<tC«\\», 
Gr* CO oiftroy] deviliih saiure* 

d ..Google P^^^r- 


HZiBC/TANUM lof /t£ tnd fitrtCta, 

frr.J a pUftcr mtdc of herbs. 

DUCALAMl'NTHES^a compoUBdme- 
Sdat, wb-'^fe principal iogredienc it Ca- 

DuCAi-ClTEOS [in Surgetyl a ?!•- 
ic; appac4 titer the ampucaiion of a 


t>lkCAf9PAHSS, a medicine whofe 
fd o^al u^re^ient is capers. X* 

PIACAPKE'GIAS, a medicine made of 
flBars dtne. X. 

DUCAllTHAMUM, a medicine fo 
cabM. cue of whoie principal ingredients 
ii CaTth^manu JL. 

DUCA'&YON, e medicine made ol 
the i^c or greea walnotf and honay. £. 

lAiCk'SSU, aaedicioe madeofCaf. 
fa. L 

DliCAST<yRlUM» e medicine made 

« Cartor. JU 

l>lACATU<yLlCON [of /td and x«* 
&tMMc, 0r. muverialj an uiuTerfal ne- 

nACATOTHIA [in the Chil La^i] 
% ttaase or holding of lands by fee-farm. 

I^CHCRESIS [/i«:^»>»rir, Gr.j the 
a&or tacn cy ot foiding excrements. 

DU'CHYLUM^ a kind of pUfter made 
of tha wociiagea or pappy juice of cei- 
CM inacM^ feeds or roots. 

i^UCUY'LON, a kind of moft or fweec 

DlACiNfi'MA [of /iaxjF«», Gr. to 
tt^e ixobJ is ch* receding of a bone a 
Srck frsm IKS place. 

DIACXKNAMO'MOM, a medicine made 
et Gttiamoa. 

DUCnro'NIUM, a medidoe made of 

DU'CLASIS [of /itfaXiOi, Gr. to bretk 
^ I a fra&are. 

DUCO'MCOK [of /i^y^.Gr.} ihe 
Ctta^, (be pUie in or near andenc chur* 
chet, where the veftmcDts and church 
fbae were repofiied. 

DlACOTfi Idi^cofiM, Z. of /Mssjrtfi 
(St. J a catting or dividing afonder. 

0IACOPfi [with Smjeonil a deep 
voaoi; e%ecial)y one made to (h« icuii 
%ith a lane iiillrumenr. 

DlACOPfi [with KbitmcUms] the f^nw 
■ XMlAfltfp. 

OUCOP&JE'GIA. amedidne made of 
^»dD^. X. 

DtACOXA^iaiON, e medicine made 
^kkf of CoraJ. 

IttKxyaou, a medicine made of 

^fiUConUBI, a ncdidiie made of 

AuxrxisiS [/i«^s^rir. Or.] t fepa 
fU^i^ fc?«fip| Off divifiing* 

piACRO'CUMA, e medlcFof Bitd« 
cbieHy of faffron. X. • 

DlACRO'MMYON [of //rf and »^u. 
^w», Gr.J a medicine midc of onions. 

DIACU'MINUM, aconjpolition madt 

of cummin. X. ^^ 

, DIACYDO'NITBS [of ^U ^Stnt^n- 

><•», Gr.J fuch medicines in which quia* 

ces arc wn morodient. 

DIACYDO'NIUM [ /ii^ T^r w^r^r/er 
Gr.J a confe£kion made of the pulp of 
quinojs and fugar, commonly caUed mar* 
malade. X. 

DIADAMASCE'NUM, acompofidoaof 
damaftcns. X. 

. I>iADE'MATED[4/tfd«Mtoi,Xlieear. 

«ng a diadem, crown cr m.banc. 

, DIA'DOCHUS f //i<cr.»©-,Gr.J a pre. 
Clous ftone like a bcril. J * F^«- 

DI^'RESIS [in TrMng] it a vowel 
mark'd with two tictles or points, as oa 
e. i^ or ii, to fignify that ic is founded 
by lefdf, and not joined to another fo at 
to make a diphthong 4 as atra by the 
points over the e is diftingihlhed Irooi 

DIURESIS [with Jnatomifii] it a con- 
fumuig or eating otic the vcflcls, fo that 
f >me certain pafTagcs are mide by fom^ 
fliarp fleecing matter, which naturally 
ftouid not have been ; alfo when fomi 
real cnes arc widcn'd more than ordinary, 
Co that the humours run out which ought ' 
to be contained in the veflels. 

PI^'TA l/UiTA of J'ixrdJ^xt^Gr. 
ro make ufe of a certain order of food! 
dier, food, a particular way or mamier dt 
life, X. 

DliETA [with rbfficiansj refpeftinr 
bealtly pcr/ons, a method ot llvii^ mo- 
derateiy j refpcaing fickperfout^ a reme* 
dy connfting in the right ufe of thiogioe- 
ceffiry for life, ^ 

DIAGALA'NGA, a medicine made o£ 

DIAGLAU'CION [/i*3.?^«/i#, Gr.J 
a medicine for the eyes made of the herG 
Oiaucium, X. 

DIAGLY'PHICB [//*>M/#i«i,Gr.] tha 
art of cutting or making hollow or con- 
cave figures in metal. 

DIAGNO'SIS [of /i«>iw»V»», Gr. ta 
tcDowJ a difcerning or knowing one £rQai 
anot2:er, a judging of. X. 

DI AONO'SIS [with Fbyficianf'} s know 
ledge or pdgmenc of the apparent figna 
of a difiemper, or a skill by which the pre* 
fenc condition of a diftemper it perceived, 
and this is threefold, vht- a riaht Judg- 
ment of the part aiTc5ted i 2« of the dS^ 
eaiiB iiftli i g. of its cauQu 

Digitize by CjOOQI^ 



t fwith 
ey Ceo 


metriciaiuj ft line drawn acro6 
aiiy figure from angle to an- 
gle i lomccimes called the ai- 
ameter diagonal ; and rome- 
tiines it iignifiea a particular 
parallelogiftm, or long f9uare 
that has one common angle and diagonal 
line, with the principal parallelogram. 

DIA'GONAL Scale, and the Plain Scale, 
ferve to rcprefent any numbers and mea. 
fares wbaceYCr^ the parts of which are e* 
^ual CO pne another} thus gunners make 
** vfe of a Ccale, or take the dimenfion of a 
piece of ordnance* Engravers have a fcale 
or rule to make a draught of a fortificaiion 
on paper, ^. 

Dl'AGRAM [in Geometry] a fcheme or 
^gure made with lines or circles, tor the 
laying down an explanation ordemonflra* 
tion of any propofition or figure Or pro- 
perties bcfon|ing thereto. 

DI'AGRAPH Idia^rapbe, X. of //« 
>eff^i, Gr.l defcription. 

DIAGRATHICE [/ia>e^i«a,GrO the 
art of paincinR or carving on box. £. 

DIAGRA'PHICK Art- See Dii^ra- 

DIAGRYDIUM ^Scjmmonjfy or the 
plant or root of fcammony prepared by 
boiling it In a hollowed quince, or 
with the jutce of quince* ox iemon, or 
|>ale rofes. 

DIAHY'SSOPUM» a medicine made up 
of hyflbp. 

DIArRIS, t medicine made of the plant 
Ins. X. 

DIAL PLANES, areplatD boards, plates 
or furfaces on which hour lines are drawn 
10 any latitude, and aie diAinguifhed ac- 
cording to the refpe& they bear to the 
horizon of the place where they are 
made, and are according to their pofition 
^T ficu^ion, parallel, perpendicular or ob- 

Primary DIALS,^ are either borixontal 
'ffials or vertical dials. 

Mooa DIALS, fuch as thew the hoar 
of the night by the means of the light 
or ihadow of the moon proje£led there- 
on by an index. 

Mural DIALS,' fuch as are placed agalnft 

E^uinoSial DIAL, is one delcrfbed on 
the equino6Hal plane, or a plane parallel 
to the horixon. 

Vertical DIAL, is one drawn on the 
plane of a vertical circle. 

Polar DIAL, h one defcrlbed on a 
plane paffing through the poles of the 
wojU and the etft and weft poinw ef the 


DILB'MMA [with Ptjfidans] t fpM 
between :wo fevers*, i. 

DIALEU'CON t//*M^w, Gr.'] « ktud 
of fatFron that is white through the mt^ 

DIA'LEXIS [//rt'xifif, Gr.J a difputa- 

DIALLING [with Mmers'i if cfaeafing 
a compafs and long line to kTK>w which 
way the load or vein of oar irvr lines, 
or where to fink an pir-fliaft. 

DIALLING Jjke 7 graduating lines 

DIALLING Scalei J ?^^<:^ <» ru- 
lers, \ffc, to expedite the making of fun- 

DIALA'CCA, a medicine made of Lac- 
ca or Gum- lac. 

DIALTHE'A [//*\^i*, Gr^l «n un- 
guent, the chiei ingredient of ^artaich is 

DiA'LYSIS [^Uxv^is, Gr.] a figure fn 
Rhetorick when two points placed by 
Grammarians over two voweU in one 
word, which would otherwife make a 
diphthong s but are by this char«^er{ '*) 
pointed into two. 

DfAMASTIG<ySIS l/ixfMfrytiw-tc, of 
fMrtygif, i t. whipping, Gr^l a folcmm- 
ty in honour of Diana, as follows. Cer- 
tain boys were carried to the altar of 
the goddefs, and there fevetely whipped, 
and lefl the offieer ihould out of compaf- 
fion remit any thing of the rigour of It, 
the prieltefs of ' Diana ftood by ail the 
time, holding in her hand the image of 
tb^oddefs, which was cf itfeUvery light) 
but (us they relate; it the boys werelpe. 
red, grew fo weighty, chat the prteAek 
was icarce able to fupport ft $ aarf loft 
the boys fbould faint under the «»rir«dU 
on, or do iny thing unwot-tfay of theX«»^ 
nian education, their parents were prerieot 
to exhort them to undergo it paci'eotlpn 
and with great conftancy $ and To great r^^ 

the bravery and refolutlon of tlie boMU 
that tho' they were ta(hM till the Mcm4 
guOi'd out, and fom^ times to descht pec 
a cry or groan wts feldom or never 
heard t^ proceed from any of them* 
Tfaofe that dyM under the ceremoiiy we«g 
buried with garlands on their benis, ^ 
c6ken of joy or vi^ry, and had eke k^ 
nour of a publick fnneraj. 

DIA'MBTfiR ^ a OfluHUi [is jtfcbi>> 
te^urej ii that taken joft above thg 
DIA'MBTER ^tbe ^eUh^ np ^^ 

hite&nre] is that taken at tke koi^iK ^ 

ne tbiriT from the bafe. 


DiA'METERofrlvPMBNiaM l/tuU' 
teBureJ U chat taken fgom ikorfop otf %im 


Digitized by VjOOQ IC 



mAMBOHICALLr fdiometriauemtm, 
K of /j^^-rMtf, Or J direaiy » u 

IH'AMOND [JilMMf,!. oitUttfAttt^Gr. 
fiflMV, flj ihe hardefty moft fpadcUng, 
nd aioft nlittble oi til pirccious ftones. 
Tte goodccis ot a diamood confifti in 
tfave chinas, x. Itf luftre cr warer. a. 
Ics wctB^c or fa^nefj, 3. Its htrdwr* 
T^ Gr«tf MaCfi of ihi/<x has a diamovl 
dm veigtaB ^69 S'4tbs c«rars, vtiueJ 
•t IX ■uUiooSy 73.3 choufaad, 278 pouuds, 
X4ftiUia|;a and 9 pcnce. 

Ant DIAMOND, ia one cut in faces 
%Kk ac cop and boccom, and whoie table 
or pcadpal place at rop is Aac. 

ft^fSr DIAMOND, is one quite 
fbi tnicnieathi l>ut whofe upper part 
kcBL lA d£fcra> iiccie faces, qfuaily trun- 
dles, tbe t^per pan of which terainatcs 
m ft fobr. 

Ji m^ DIAMOND, is one juft as it 
coao oat of the ruins chat has not yec 

feOi OK* 

y l^ri^ DIAMOND, is one which has 
**i%ye ^<yHre £aoe at the top eocompaiTed 
»ich4 i«Ar. 

JSi^ DIAMONDS [fo caUed of the 
hmfU in Ftfis in Fraacit «vhera they 
■re Bade J are a for c of £i&i(ious diamonds, 
«f aoffcac Talne, btts us*d much ia the 
Mits of the a£bors upon the ftage* 

DlAMCRONt a conieaion made of 

DiAMO'HUU [of ^ti and mth 
aa^ JL a molberryl a medicinal com- 
de of raidberry juiceaod tugar. 
[DIAMOKUM [in Pbarmse^] 
m oaoa of mnlbeiry jotct, Tapa, werjuice 
afsrh mad latfiron. 

OlAMO'SCHUhf, • medicinal powder 
wiafe diief ingcedieoc is musk. 
BiAMOTO'SlS [of /ia' and fiiT^ 
liacy Gr. } the filling axx ulcer 

dlA^A, or the JfMB, was repreienc 
•i witb threo heads, tbe one of a dog, 
ihe faeond of a horfe^ the third of a amo, 
ae ftew the dHfereat atfe^ of the moon, 
■I taraen, oa eanh» and ia hell, or in 
lile bo6aii of ihe earth. 

had three oamea, as lima the 
I ia hi a i cii , Diaui on earth, and Pro- 
' ' ill u Dima the was account- 
leia of woods and mountains, 
iad of haarfiiH n, aad therefore was paint- 
etefOMdwitkbowt tad arrows, actend- 
ai witA is J maids or aympbs ; ihe was 
accaoored alio tbe goddefs of child-bear- 
i%im%jUkf Md dancing. Shewasalfo 
ffBHiA wsflk yeUow hairi a grafa green 
crnnaicd with filter, uifkios of 
t, wliA a ftoldeD bow and quiver of 
' «ol0|ir*> ^(h t creft^Qi ox new 

D I 

moon on her head. She is fometimA 
drawn hunting a ftag, and at ocher timea 
fitting crofs-Ieg^d, denoting her virginity ; 
with her how ajid arrows in a quiver 
of painted colours, in a filver charior, 
drawn by two white ftags, and fomecimes 
by two horles, one black, and tbe other 
white. On her Oioulders wei e two wings* 
to exp.efs her fwifinefs, and in her hands 
weie a lion and a leopard. Tne anci- 
enc Britons ador'd Diana, who is faid to 
have had a temple in the place where St, 
FauTi church now Itaads. She had va- 
rious temple* i but that at Epbefiu was 
accounted one of ihc wonders of the 
world, ft was 200 years in building, 
being 423 foot long, and 22i> broad fup- „ 
ported wicb 127 (>iIUrs of marble 70 foot 
high, 27 of which were curioufly en- 
gruven^ a-nd all the reft of poliihed mar- 

'^yy^i^v, n •>^C and rvipfjui^ Gr.l having two 
feed vefTels containing many leeds. 

DIANAO'ICK Argwnentatim [with le^ 
giclans} a particular me