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THE 
UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZIiNE 



THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO PRESS 
CHICAGO, ILLINOIS 



AgrntB 
THE CAMBRIDGE UNIVERSITY PRESS 

LONDON AND EDINBURGH 

THE MARUZEN-KABUSHIKI-KAISHA 

TOKYO, OSAKA, KYOTO 

KARL W. HIERSEMANN 

LEIPZIG ' 

THE BAKER & TAYLOR COMPANY 

NEW YORK 



Ci 



The University of Chicago 
Magazine ^^^ 



EDITED BV 

Cyrus Leroy Baldridge, 'i i Frank W. Dignan, '97 

Harry Arthur Hansen, '09 David A. Robertson, '02 / 

James Weber Linn, '97 

AND 

Horace Spencer Fiske 



VOLUME V 

November, 1912-JuLY, 1913 

Continuing The University Record, Volume XIII, and The Chicago 
Alumni Magazine, Volume II 





THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO PRESS 
CHICAGO, ILLINOIS 



V 



^ ^ * ^ /,/ 



Published November, 191 2 
January, February, March, April, May, June, and July, 1913 



Composed and Printed By 

The University of Chicajfo Press 

Chicago, Illinois, U.S.A. 



32 > 




CAPTAIN CARPENTER 
NELSON H. NORGREN, Half-back 

THE NEW STANDS ON OCTOBER 25 



NORMAN PAINE, Quarter-back 



3, 



The University of Chicago 
Magazine 



Volume V NOVEMBER; I9I2 Number i 



EVENTS AND DISCUSSION 

Elsewhere we print the letter of Mr. Julius Rosenwald to the Board 
of Trustees, in which he oflFers for the building fund a quarter of a 
million dollars. In June the Board of trustees set aside 
I^® .^^ $200,000 for the permanent improvement of Marshall 

Field, a work which is now going steadily forward. Mr. 
Rosenwald's gift, which was altogether unsolicited, looks toward the 
raising of half a million more for other buildings including the three 
most urgently needed, namely, a woman's gymnasium (possibly includ- 
ing a club-house), a building for the departments of Geology and Geog- 
raphy, and a building for the classics. Work on all three will be begun 
within two years. We shall give in the next issue an account of the 
recent large addition to Ryerson, which is now steadily in use. Harper 
Memorial Library, dedicated last June, is also now in use, for its primary 
service as a home of books, for administrative purposes, and for class- 
rooms. It focuses upon itself the whole south view of the quadrangles, 
and completely alters the old aspect of things. When the work upon 
Marshall Field is done, the north view will be equally changed. Within 
two years the alumni of 1906 who have not since returned will find it 
hard to visualize the quadrangles at all. We advise them to come 
back and take a look. 

Meanwhile, let us forgive a little disturbance. Such rapid growth 
means, necessarily, some temporary chaos. Some books are inaccessible; 
many are hard to find; and as for the appearance of Marshall Field, the 
less said the better at present. It is very doubtful whether either the fence 
or the grandstands are completed by the time of the Minnesota game. 
But there are, and will be, accommodations of a sort-;—" Yea, room for all 

3 



4 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE 

who come," as the poet has it. And next spring, and afterward, the 
very look of the old field will draw crowds. Marshall Field will be 
surpassed in size by other athletic grounds, but in beauty by none, 
certainly, in the West. Can you believe it ? It is true. 

The College of Commerce and Administration has been in existence 

since 1898. In the last year, however, since the results of Dean 

Marshall's three months' trip of investigation and his 

e ege g^ecutive application of his ideas have begun to show, it 
Commerce and , ^ ..... 

Administration "^^ come to occupy a position of much greater importance 

to the undergraduates. All students having 9 or more 

majors, who register in this college, come under Dean Marshall's direct 

personal supervision. The work of the college is graded as follows: 

I. The Trade and Industry Division, where the courses are arranged with reference 
to the needs of those who expect to engage in the various business pursuits such 
as accountancy, banking, brokerage, foreign trade, insurance, etc. 
II. The Secretarial Division. 

III. The Commercial Teaching Division. 

IV. The Charitable and Philanthropic Service Division, for those expecting to serve 
in charitable organizations, playground work, settlement work, child-welfare 
agencies, civic organizations, social research, etc. 

V. The Public Service Division, for those expecting to serve as staff members in 
bureaus of labor, in tax commissions, in public utility commissions; statisticians; 
workers in efficiency bureaus; factory inspectors; investigators for special 
inquiries under federal, state, municipal; or private authority, etc. 

The degree in Commerce and Administration requires not only 
special sequences of courses, but a high standard of performance. 
"Their interest in their work is professional in character and accordingly 
they should be judged by professional standards." It is too soon now 
to speak of results. Perhaps in an article on the College, soon to be 
published. Dean Marshall will venture upon prophecy. At present 
seventy students are enrolled in Commerce and Administration. 

The total registration of students for the Summer Quarter of 191 2 

was 3,531, of which number 1,762 were men and 1,769 were women. 

This is an increase of 282 over the summer registration 
Attendance . 

for 191 1. The largest increase was in the Graduate 

Schools. The total number of different students for the year from July 

I, 1911, to July I, 1912, was 6,506. 

The figures for the autumn quarter are not yet finally compiled. 

Up to October 21 they were as follows: 



EVENTS AND DISCUSSION 





Men 


Women 


Total 
1912 


Total 
191 1 


.S 


J 


P 




I. The Departments of Arts, 
Literature, and Science — 
I. The Graduate Schools: 

Arts and Literature 


^35 


144 
48 


279 
203 


286 
202 


I 


7 






Science. 






. 






Total 


290 

238 

603 

34 


192 

237 
429 

50 


482 

475 
1,032 
' 84 


488 

460 
976 
158 


6 


2. The Colleges: 

Senior. 


IS 

56 








Junior. 








Unclassified 


74 










Total 


87s 


716 


1,591 


1,594 


z 












Total Arts, Literature, and 
Science 


1,16s 

87 
II 

IS 


908 

9 
8 


2,073 

96 
19 
15 


2,082 

102 
16 

35* 








9 


II. The Professional Schools — 
I. The Divinity School: 

Graduate 








Unclassified 










Dano- Norwegian 










Swedish 










English Theological 
















42 






Total 


"3 

28 

54 
22 

2 
II 


17 

8 

I 

I 


130 

36 
55 
22 

3 
II 


172 

S3 
42 
25 
II 
6 




2. The Courses in Medicine: 

Graduate. 




Senior 










Junior 










Unclassified ; . . . 










Medical 














10 






Total 


117 

100 
41 

25 

3 


10 

3 

I 
I 


127 

103 

41 
26 

4 


137 

120 

57 

35 

4 




3. The Law School: 

Graduate 




Senior 










Candidates for LL.B 










Unclassified 












48 


42 






Total 


169 
20 


5 
237 


174 
257 


216 
209 




4. The College of Education 










Total Professional 


419 

1,584 

150 


269 

1,177 

13 


688 

2,761 

163 


734 

2,816 

201 


16 


Total University 








55 


Deduct for Duplication 


















Net Totals 


1,434 


1,164 


2,598 


2,615 








T7 













* The Swedish Divinity School having been discontinued, the comparative table should show a net 
gain of 18. 



6 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE 

To these should be added the figures for University Colleges which 
are 

Men Women Total 191 1 

117 623 740 688 

This makes a grand total on October 21 of 3,338, as compared with 
3,285 last year at the end of the quarter. The loss in the Law School 
is in p9.rt the ordinary year-by-year fluctuation ; in part the fact that 
prosperity has made business attractive to an unusual number of 191 2 
graduates everywhere. It is interesting to note that the Harvard Law 
School shows a similar but much larger falling-off . On the whole, con- 
sidering the steady upward trend of our scholarship requirements, the 
figures are entirely satisfactory. 

At this time of writing the eleven has played three games and won 

them all — Indiana, 13-0; Iowa, 34-14, and Purdue, 7-0. The test of the 

_ , „ season, the Wisconsin game, is still in the future, and 

Football 1 1 1 • /m • 1 

prophecy would be unwise. 1 he practice season opened 

September 20 with all the Conference- colleges. Of last year's team 
Captain Rademacher, Sauer, and Kassulker had played out their 
string. Whiting and Scruby had left college, and Goettler was 
ineligible. This left, except for Captain Carpenter at tackle, a new 
line to be developed. Sellers, Canning, Freeman, and Harris of last 
year's substitutes were available, however, and Whiteside of the 1910 
team, who was out of college teaching in 191 1. Of the Freshman squad 
there were available for the line Des Jardiens at center. Miller and 
Scanlan guards, and Vruwink, Huntington, Skinner, and Baumgartner 
ends. Behind the line were Paine, Norgren, Kennedy, and Pierce of 
last year's regulars, and Lawler of the substitutes ; to whom were added 
Marston Smith, Coutchie, Gray, Bennett, and Parker from the Fresh- 
man squad. It looked from the start as if the line would be weak and 
the back field satisfactory, and such has proved to be the case. Des 
Jardiens has well filled Whiting's place at center, and Vruwink and 
Huntington are better than any combination of ends of last year. But 
Whiteside cannot quite take Scruby's place, and Sellers is too light. 
Freeman too slow, and Scanlan too lazy to be acceptable substitutes 
for Rademacher. On the whole, the line is not strong. Bennett has 
been played at tackle as well as full-back, but though strong, iast, and 
willing, knows too little about the game to be first class. He should be 
a star next year if he is kept in the tackle position. In the backfield 
Paine at quarter is better than before — a good field general, a hard 



EVENTS AND DISCUSSION 7 

tackier, intelligent, and endowed with the spirit that always does a shade 
more than is humanly possible. Norgren, too, is better than last year; 
his punting has been especially fine, and he has a happy faculty of escap- 
ing injury in spite of his terrifically hard playing. Kennedy, by contrast, 
has been hurt all the time. He is heavier, stronger, and faster than 
Norgren, but has not been able to show what he can really do. Pierce, 
too, has been handicapped by a stiff leg, in which he caught cold the first 
week. Nevertheless, he has played splendidly. In the Iowa game at 
the end of the third quarter the score was 14-13 in favor of Iowa. Pierce, 
who had been saved, went in at full-back, and made three touchdowns in 
fifteen minutes. Of the new men, Gray's eligibility has hung in the 
balance, and in consequence he has not been played. He is almost, if not 
quite, first class — a strong, fast runner, a beautiful dodger, and as good a 
punter as Norgren. Coutchie and Smith are acceptable, but no more, so 
far. Bennett was a disappointment in the Iowa game. 

The new game has proved interesting as Mr. Stagg has the men play 
it, but on the whole a retrogression to the old line-smashing type. 
The forward passes have been numerous and well executed; "Paine to 
Vruwink" is almost as effective a transfer as "Tinker to Evers to 
Chance." There is almost no end-running; some center-bucking, but 
not a play through the guards; and slide-plays off tackle innumerable. 
To make and to meet such plays big strong tackles are required ; Chicago 
has one in Captain Carpenter, but so far lacks the other. 

Emil Goettsch, '03, has been made head resident physician of the 
Peter Bent Brigham hospital, in Boston, which upon its completion this 
fall will surpass in general design and facilities any 
_, ' other general hospital in existence. ^ The result of the 

$5,000,000 bequest of Peter Bent Brigham, it will be the 
research hospital of the Harvard Medical School, directly across the 
way from which it is situated. Dr. Goettsch was the valedictorian of 
his class in Davenport (Iowa) High School in 1899, and S.B., University 
of Chicago, 1903, with election to both Phi Beta Kappa and Sigma Xi. 
He was Senior College Scholar in Anatomy, 1903; Fellow, 1904-5; 
Assistant, 1906-7; Ph.D. in Anatomy, 1906, his thesis being a study of 
the glands of the aesophagus in representatives of the different mam- 
malian orders. In 1907-9 he was a student of medicine at Johns Hopkins, 
from which in 1909 he received his M.D. From 1909 he was assistant in 
surgery and in charge of the Hunterian laboratory at Johns Hopkins Uni- 
versity ; in 191 1 he was made assistant resident surgeon at Johns Hopkins 
Hospital. His advanced work at Chicago was under the direction of 



8 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE 

Dr. R. R. Bensley, who first stirred his enthusiasm for research. Since 
going to Johns Hopkins he has worked principally with Dr. Harvey 
Gushing, now of the Harvard Medical School, and has dealt with the 
anatomy, histology, function, and pathology of the pituitary body. 
He has published articles in the American Journal of Physiology and the 
Johns Hopkins Hospital Bulletin (with Dr. Gushing), and in the American 
Journal of Anatomy (with Dr. W. E. Dandy). Dr. Goettsch intended, 
as a high-school boy, to go to the University of Iowa and study law. 
By accident he met Gaptain Walter Kennedy, 'oo, who preached Ghicago 
so eloquently that he came here instead, shifted from law to medicine, 
and at 29 holds one of the most desirable positions for medical research 
in the world. 

A change, small in itself but likely to have important results, has been 

made in the arrangement of the Alumni Office at the University. This 

is the introduction of a salaried clerk who will give her 

Ai «. • r\ai entire time to the Alumni work. Heretofore the office 
Alumni Umce 

has had to depend upon student assistance. To the vari- 
ous students who at different times have devoted their efforts to the 
keeping of records and the other alumni work, the gratitude of all alumni 
is due. They gave generously of their time and energy, and the future 
work of the office will be based largely on the results of their labors. But 
the time has come when the undivided attention of a trained worker was 
needed. , The records are becoming more elaborate every year and more 
difficult to control. The change was imperative, and it has been made. 

The work of preparing a new Alumni Directory is now in progress 
and will be pushed forward as rapidly as possible during the winter. It 
is planned to have the volume ready for distribution in October, 1913. 
Question blanks will be sent out to all alumni, but in the meantime the 
work will be greatly facilitated if all readers of these pages will send in 
as soon as possible corrections and alterations to be made in the Direc- 
tory of 1910. Especially all changes in address since that book was issued 
should be sent in at once to the Alumni Secretary. The chief difficulty 
in work of this character is to find the graduates of whom the institu- 
tion has lost track. No greater service could be performed by alumni 
than the sending in of their own addresses and those of their classmates 
early in the year. 

Nearly one thousand alumni were on the membership roll when the 
school year closed in June. Some of these memberships have now 
expired, but they are being rapidly renewed, and it is certain that the 
membership for the coming year will greatly surpass all previous records. 



NEW MEMBERS OF THE FACULTY 

ERNEST HATCH WILKINS, PH.D., Associate Professor of 
Romance Languages, took his A.B. degree at Amherst College in 
1901, his A.M. at the same institution in 1903, and his Doctorate at 
Harvard University in 1910. From 1900 until 1904 Mr. Wilkins was 
instructor in Romance Languages in Amherst College; from 1901 to 
1904 he was also instructor in Latin. His interest shifted to Italian 
Art and then to Italian. In 1906-7 he was instructor in Italian and 
Spanish in Harvard University. From 1907 until his appointment to 
an associate professorship in the University of Chicago he was instructor 
in Romance Languages at Harvard. In addition to his valuable experi- 
ence as a teacher, Mr. Wilkins has gained some knowledge of the joys 
and trials of authorship as the author of Articles on Boccaccio and the 
joint author of the Dante Concordance. He is also a member of the 
committee appointed to settle Grammatical Nomenclature. Professor 
Wilkins is a member of the Delta Kappa Epsilon Fraternity. 

Dr. William D. Harkins comes to the University as Assistant Pro- 
fessor of Chemistry from the University of Montana where he was 
head of the Department of Chemistry from 1901 until called to this 
University. In 1907 Dr. Harkins took his Doctor of Philosophy in 
chemistry at Leland Stanford Junior University. His work and career 
have been characterized above all else by his ability as a teacher and his 
intense interest in research. During his stay in Montana he was the 
expert consultant for the Farmers' Association in the big lawsuit against 
the smelters, resulting from the damage lo farm lands from the arsenic 
in the smoke emitted from the smelteries. Dr. Harkins treated the prob- 
lem involved from an original scientific point of view and made his first 
record as investigator by this work. Subsequently he spent a year in the 
research laboratory at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology and 
worked on questions of solubilities of salts. His work in this field has 
led to the discovery of important new truths primarily connected with 
salts of the type of sulphates, lead salts, etc. In 1909 Dr. Harkins spent 
a half-year at the Institute for Physical Chemistry at Carlsruhe, Ger- 
many, working under Professor Haber, one of the most eminent German 
physical chemists, who has since been called to the directorship of the 

9 



lO 



THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE 




NEW MEMBERS OFTHE FACULTY II 

Kaiser Wilhelm Institute in Berlin, a foundation for research in chemistry 
analogous to the Pasteur Institute's field in biology. When Dr. Harkins 
accepted the call of the University of Chicago he refused a much more 
remunerative call on the part of the United States government, basing 
his decision on the opportunities for research and advanced work which 
this University offers to men of his stamp. His success as a teacher and 
his standing in research promise great success. He can present elemen- 
tary chemistry in a clear way, emphasizing the problems of the day and 
of the future and thereby stimulating his classes as well as instructing 
them. His main work will be in general chemfstry and inorganic 
research. 

Dr. Josephine Young studied science at the Northwestern University 
from 1890 to 1892. In that year she entered the Women's Medical 
College of the same University to study medicine and took her M.D. 
degree in 1896. In 1896 Dr. Young became an interne at Cook County 
Hospital and remained there until 1897, when she accepted the position 
of Assistant Professor of Medicine in the Women's Medical College — a 
position which she held until 1900. From 1901 to 1903 she was instructor 
of Gynecology at the College of Physicians and Surgeons. From 1903 
to 191 1 she was Assistant Professor in Pediatrics and from 191 1 until 
called to the University of Chicago as Medical Adviser to Women 
Dr. Young has worked with defective children in the Department of 
Neurology at Rush Medical College. While engaged in the above work, 
Dr. Young found time to act as lecturer to the Social Hygienic Com- 
mittee of a women's club, as examiner and lecturer for the operators 
of the Chicago Telephone Company, as one of the medical examiners 
for the Board of Education of Chicago, and as one of the medical instruc- 
tors of the Chicago Board of Health. 



THE IMPROVEMENTS ON MARSHALL 

FIELD 

As was announced in the July number of the Magazine, the Trustees 
in June appropriated two hundred thousand dollars for the im- 
provement of Marshall Field, by the building of a new grandstand and 
a cement fence. The demolition of the old fence was begun on July i. 
It had stood since 1893, when it was erected, in part, at least, by the 
students of the University, led by Mr. Stagg. The new wall will be of 
reinforced concrete. It is to have a general height of 15^ feet; 14 feet 
at Ellis Ave., and 17 feet at Lexington Ave., so as to be adapted to the 
grade of 57th St. Every 18 feet buttresses relieve it, each with a socket 
for a 15-foot flag pole. The ticket booths will be set into the wall at 
the different entrances, at the corner of 57th St. and Lexington Ave., 
57th St. and Ellis Ave., 57th St. and Greenwood Ave., 56th St. and Ellis 
Ave., and 56th St. and Greenwood Ave. The new grandstand stretches 
466 feet along Ellis Ave. It is 86 feet, 2 inches wide, and 57 feet high 
at its highest point. In all there are twelve sections, each of which has 
two entrance wells. The total seating capacity will be 8,250. At the 
extreme north and south ends of the stand are circular towers, having 
a diameter of 28 feet. The first floors of these towers are to be used as 
team rooms, the second floors as ladies' toilet and rest rooms, fitted with 
rocking chairs and every other possible convenience. Toilet rooms and 
lavatories for men will be placed at both the north and south ends of the 
stand. The main room underneath the stand will ultimately be fitted 
out for handball and racquet courts. The space under the front of the 
stand will be used as a tool-room and workshop. Here will be stored all 
the paraphernalia for the up-keep of the field. On the face of the stand 
will be 96 sockets for removable electric light poles, giving opportunity 
for illumination for evening entertainments. 

The main entrance to the stand is on Ellis Ave. between 56th and 57th 
Streets where there is a large vaulted vestibule with ticket cages on either 
side. At the east end of this vestibule are four entrance turnstiles and 
two exit turnstiles. A short flight of steps beyond the turnstiles leads 
up to the center section of the stand, and a corridor leads away in either 
direction to the more distant sections. Those who have seats more 
than a third of the way up the stand ascend the stairway to an upper 



IMPROVEMENTS ON MARSHALL FIELD 13 

corridor leading to the middle section. From this corridor another flight 
of steps leads to the promenade deck at the extreme top. The seats 
are arranged in a parabolic curve, and each step has a slight tilt to the 
front, so that all dust and dirt can be washed down by Opening the 
flushing pipes at the top of the stand. The seats themselves are planks 
raised four inches from the cement. Ash will be used, and the many 
thousand people who have in the past suffered from a too close attach- 
ment to their seats on a hot day are expected to give thanks. 

Extra seats to the number of almost four thousand can be placed in 
front of the stand. The bleachers on the east side of the field will seat 
more than six thousand more, so that without temporary stands at the 
end, eighteen thousand people will be able to see the games. It is 
planned ultimately to replace the bleachers on the east side by a portable 
steel structure, which can be moved back and forth, and so give room 
for the baseball diamond, as in the past. This steel bleacher, however, 
is not likely to be built in the near future. 



THE CONTRIBUTION OF MODERN 

SCIENCE TO THE IDEAL 

INTERESTS^ 

BY HENRY CHURCHILL KING, D.D., LL.D., Sc.D. 
President of Oberlin College 



Men have had much to say in the 
years past of "the conflict of science and 
religion"; but speaking now, even from 
the standpoint, not of the scientist, but 
of the philosopher and theologian, can 
we see that modem science has a great 
and genuine contribution to make to the 
ideal interests? 

We may well take as our starting 
point Herrmann's definition of the moral 
law: "Mental and spiritual fellowship 
among men, mental and spiritual inde- 
pendence on the part of the individual: 
that is what we can ourselves recognize 
to be prescribed to us by the moral law." 
So Herrmann gives an idealist's defini- 
tion of the ideal; and may be said, at 
the same time, to express the essence of 
the scientific method and spirit. So 
close are the ideal and the scientific. 

There are always two problems con- 
cerning any phenomenon: What is its 
mechanical explanation? What is its 
ideal interpretation? How did it come 
to pass? What does it mean? Both 
are absolutely essential, as means and 
ends; and yet they are often thought to 
be necessarily antagonistic. But we 
may even see that they are not only 
supplemental, but that scientific explana- 
tion in its development has a great con- 
tribution to make to the ideal interests 
themselves, both in the means afforded 
and in the spirit required. 

Or if one looks at the matter from a 
slightly different angle, one may see that 
the two great inner characteristics of our 
time are the scientific spirit and method, 
and the social consciousness — represent- 
ing here conspicuously the ideal interests; 
and the hope of the age lies in the thor- 
ough and persistent interpenetration of 
the two — ^the scientific spirit and method, 



and the social consciousness. Now in 
this essential interworking, what has 
modem science especially to contribute 
to the ideal interests? 

1. First of all, modem science has 
enormously increased the resources avail- 
able for ideal interests. Through sci- 
ence's progressive conquest of the for- 
ces of nature, and the pressing forward 
of scientific investigation, the power, the 
wealth, and the knowledge of the modem 
world have registered a stupendous 
advance. Men have come to believe 
that, because of these enormously in- 
creased resources of power and wealth 
and knowledge, hopeless drudgery, in- 
evitable deficit, and paralyzing ignorance 
are not a necessary portion of man's lot. 
Possibilities for the race are now reason- 
ably within reach in all these directions, 
hardly dreamed of earlier. But they 
are, nevertheless, only possibilities. 

2. Modem science, thus, in the second 
place, brings to the ideal interests a great 
challenge. In these tremendous resources 
made available, it is virtually saying to 
the ideal interests: Can you rise to these 
possibilities? Are you training men 
worthy of these resources, and capable 
of mastering them? Or have these 
resources come too soon? An especial 
challenge is thus brought to all educa- 
tional forces: Are you training men and 
women to own their possessions, and 
not to be owned by them? Are you 
disciplining a generation to be capable of 
pre-eminent self-control? and to this 
end, are you permeating their whole 
beings with interests great enough and 
ideal enough to dominate all these 
material resources? Are you making it 
certain that the men and women who 
go out from college and university are 



' Summary of an address delivered on the occasion of the Eighty-fourth Convocation of 
the University, held in the Leon Mandel Assembly Hall, August 30, 1912. 

14 



MODERN SCIENCE AND THE IDEAL INTERESTS 15 




HENRY CHURCHILL KING 
President of Oberlin College 

C<H>vocation Orator, August 30, igis 



i6 



THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE 



to be able to rise above the peril of the 
lower attainment, the enthralment of the 
lesser good? Are you making goodness 
interesting ? 

3. Modern science has, also, given to 
the ideal interests, vision of a far larger 
and more significant world. Because, 
especially, of what modem science has 
achieved, we live consciously in a world 
enormously enlarged to our conception; 
more and more markedly unified; not 
static but everywhere dynamic, and in 
process of evolution; and at all stages 
of the evolution, law-abiding. No one 
can thoughtfully enter into this convic- 
tion of an enlarged, unified, evolving, 
law-abiding world, without the recogni- 
tion that here, too, modern science is 
bringing to the ideal interests the neces- 
sity of training men to enter intelli- 
gently and unselfishly into a world life, 
and into the all-embracing plans of God. 
The very end of education, as Huxley 
pointed out, is intellectual discernment 
of the laws of life, coupled with the 
steady fashioning of the will and affec- 
tions into obedience to these laws. 

4. This would mean, in the fourth 
place, that modern science is bringing 
to the ideal interests the one great method 
of scientific mastery in all realms, and so 
gives hope of large achievement. The 
discernment of law, we have come to see, 
means insight into the secrets of the 
universe, into the abiding ways of God, 
and points the way to that intelligent 
co-operation with him, that gives assur- 
ance of mighty achievement; for now 
"the universe is on the side of the will." 
Here lie the significance and the hope of 
our great modem social "surveys." For 
here the scientific spirit and the social 
passion are notably interpenetrating. 

5. But, perhaps, the very best gift of 
modern science to ideal interests is the 
gift of the scientific spirit itself. It means 
vastly more than moral and religious 
workers for the most part seem yet to 



have conceived, that in this whole great, 
powerful department of human endeavor, 
a spirit, in its very essence moral, should 
be imperatively demanded, and proving 
itself out, as it were, by the laboratory 
method. For the scientific spirit de- 
mands that a man should face the fact 
with complete open-mindedness — should 
see straight; should report exactly; 
should give in the outcome an absolutely 
honest reaction upon the situation in 
which he finds himself. Here are hum- 
ble open-mindedness — the quality of the 
first Beatitude, intellectual integrity, the 
passion for reality. One is reminded 
inevitably of the insistent demand of 
Jesus for utter inner integrity of spirit. 
And the whole prodigious achievement 
of modem science is a demonstration of 
the fundamental principles of the teach- 
ing of Jesus. For he demands perpetu- 
ally that a man shall see for himself, 
shall choose for himself, shall come into 
a truth and a life that are genuinely his 
own. Herrmann thus only reproduces 
Christ's thought when he inasts that the 
moral law prescribes not only "mental 
and spiritual fellowship with men" but 
also "mental and spiritual independence 
on the part of the individual." Or, as 
he puts it, in the religious realm: "Re- 
ligious tradition is indispensable for us. 
But it helps us, only if it leads us on to 
listen to what God says to ourselves. 
Real faith consists in obeying this word 
of God." Every ideal interest has both 
the right and the duty to rejoice in the 
widespread demand for the scientific 
spirit. For this marks one of the world's 
great moral — and even religious — 'achieve- 
ments. 

In the recognition of this significant 
fivefold gift of modem science to the 
ideal interests, there is a heartening 
promise of an increasing unification of 
the intellectual and spiritual endeavor 
of mankind. 



THE UNIVERSITY RECORD 



The President's Convocation Statements 
— ^The various reports for the University 
year closing June 30, 19 12, have been 
completed during the past two months. 
It will be noted that this is the twentieth 
full year of university work since the 
opening, October i, 1892. The reports 
show the year on the whole to have been 
the most successful in the twenty years' 
history of the University. The total 
number of different students on the rolls 
for the year was 6,506, as against 6,007 
in the previous year. It may be of inter- 
est to know that the total number of 
students for the year 1892-93 was 540. 
Of course these totals for the past two 
years include students who have been in 
residence during the Summer Quarter 
only. The total number of students in 
the graduate and graduate-professional 
schools holding college degrees for the 
year was 1,941. The total number of 
alumni for the twenty-year period is 
6,970. 

The finance reports for the year 191 1- 
12 are equally encouraging. The total 
expenditures on the annual budget were 
5i>Si7.775-38. With this large expendi- 
ture the receipts, nevertheless, were com- 
mensurate, and yielded a small balance on 
the right side of the account. Of course 
it is not the purpose of the University 
to accumulate large surpluses, as the 
funds should be in use for the educational 
and scientific purposes for which they 
were given, but it is the policy of the 
University never to expend money which 
it has not, and therefore never to have 
even a small deficit. It is interesting 
to note that tuition fees paid by students 
provide a little less than 39 per cent of 
the expenditures of the University. It is 
not always realized that a large part of 
the cost of the University is provided 
by the endowment funds, and therefore 
that only a small part — less than 40 
per cent — of what is received by the 
students from the University is repaid by 

' Presented on the occasion of the Eighty- 
fourth Convocation of the University, held in 
the Leon Mandel Assembly Hall, August 30, 
1913. 



students to the University in the form of 
tuition fees. 

The Summer Quarter which closes 
today may also be said to be the most 
successful in the history of the University. 
The total number of different students 
enrolled during the two terms is 3,531, 
as against 3,249 in 191 1, a gain of 282. 
Of the 3,531 students, 1,424, or nearly 
one-half, have college degrees and are 
enrolled in the graduate' or graduate- 
professional schools. The reports from 
instructors also, I may say, uniformly 
si>eak of the high quality of the students, 
and the excellence of the work done. 
While, as is well known, the quarter has 
two terms, and students may attend 
either, at the same time it is interesting to 
know that 1,804 students have been in 
residence throughout the entire quarter, 
which indicates the seriousness and 
solidity of the work done. 

At the Convocation in June, notice was 
given to the University that the Board 
of Trustees regarded it as especially 
important to undertake at an early date 
and to complete within the coming two 
years four building projects. These 
were the gymnasium for women, the 
building for the departments of Geology 
and Geography, the Classical Building, 
and the improvement of Marshall Field. 
Progress has been made in realizing these 
plans already. The improvement of 
Marshall Field is under way now, and 
the new stands will be in condition to use 
in the autumn. It proves imperative to 
undertake this improvement first for the 
reason that the old stands are no longer 
usable, indeed having been very properly 
condemned by the Building Department 
of the city. The new stands will be of 
reinforced concrete, and a wall of the 
same material will inclose the field. 
The various buttresses will have flag- 
staffs, and the entire improvement will 
change the most distressing eye-sore 
which we at present have into one of our 
most beautiful and attractive features. 
In the second place, during the current 
month the Board of Trustees received 
a communication frofn one of its members, 



17 



i8 



THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE 



an eminent citizen of Chicago, Mr. Julius 
Rosenwald. This communication con- 
tained a gift to the University of $250,000 
toward the building fund. This gift is 
very properly and wisely conditioned on 
securing at least $500,000 more, in order 
that the three buildings remaining be 
provided for in full. This very generous 
gift by Mr. Rosenwald, it may be added, 
was unsolicited and entirely spontaneous 
on his part, which renders it all the more 
grateful. The Board confidently expects 
that with this encouraging beginning 
the entire building fund will soon be pro- 
vided, and that all the buildings in ques- 
tion will be under way at an early date. 

The Eighty-Fourth Convocation. — ^The 
University at its eighty-fourth Convo- 
cation on August 30, 1912, conferred 
one hundred and eighty-eight degrees, 
titles, and certificates. Of the one hun- 
dred and fifty degrees conferred, seven- 
teen were given to students in the College 
of Education. In the Senior Colleges 
seven students received the degree of 
Bachelor of Arts, thirty-six that of 
Bachelor of Philosophy, and eighteen 
that of Bachelor of Science. In the 
Divinity School there were seven Masters 
of Arts, one Bachelor of Divinity, and 
three Doctors of Philosophy. In the 
Law School four students received the 
degree of Bachelor of Law and eight that 
of Doctor of Law (J.D.). In the 
Graduate School there were thirty-two 
Masters of Arts, six Masters of Science, 
and nine Doctors of Philosophy. The 
convocation address was given by Presi- 
dent Henry Churchill King, D.D., 
LL.D., Sc.D., of Oberlin College, his 
subject being "The Contribution of 
Modem Science to Ideal Interests." A 
summary of the address appears else- 
where. 

The Convocation reception in Hutchin- 
son Hall on the evening of August 29 
was largely attended. In the reception 
line were President Harry Pratt Judson 
and Mrs. Judson; the Convocation ora- 
tor. President King; and Director 
Charles Hubbard Judd, of the School 
of Education, and Mrs. Judd. 

The Annual Faculty Dinner. — ^At the 
annual dinner of the Faculties of the 
University of Chicago, held in Hutchin- 
son Hall on October 7, 191 2, more than 
one hundred of the members of the Uni- 
versity were in attendance. President 



Harry Pratt Judson, who recently re- 
turned from the International Congress 
of Chambers of Commerce held in 
Boston, presided and introduced the 
following speakers: Ernest Hatch Wil- 
kins. Associate Professor of Romance 
Languages, formerly of Harvard Uni- 
versity; William Darnall MacClintock, 
of the Department of English, who 
recently made his second visit to the 
Philippine Islands as a lecturer before 
the Teachers' Assembly, and who also 
spent considerable time in China and 
Japan; Gordon Jennings Laing, Asso- 
ciate Professor of Latin, who spent the 
past year in Rome as Professor in the 
American School of Classical Studies and 
visited archaeological excavations in 
North Africa; Eliakim Hastings Moore, 
head of the Department of Mathematics, 
who attended in August the Interna- 
tional Congress of Mathematicians held 
in Cambridge, England; and Charles J, 
Chamberlain, Associate Professor of 
Botany, who recently returned from 
Australia and South Africa, where he 
made a field study of oriental cycads and 
collected material for the Hull Botani- 
cal Laboratory. Others present at the 
dinner were William Draper Harkins, 
Assistant Professor of Chemistry, former- 
ly of the University of Montana; Albert 
C. Whi taker, Professor of Economics in 
Leland Stanford Junior University, who 
will be connected with the Department 
of Political Economy during the academic 
year of 1912-13; and Dr. Josephine 
Young, the new Medical Adviser for 
Women in the Colleges and the School 
of Education, who was recently Assistant 
Professor of Medicine in Rush Medical 
College. 

Instructors on leave of absence. — The 
following instructors are on leave of 
absence for all or a part of the current 
year: 

Professor Charles R. Henderson, Head 
of the Department of Practical Sociology, 
who, during the next six months, will 
act as Barrows Lecturer in India, on the 
foundation established by Mrs. Caroline 
E. Haskell. 

Professor J. Laurence Laughlin, who 
will continue his chairmanship of the 
Executive Committee of the National 
Citizens' League. 

Professor RoUin D. Salisbury, who is 
spending the autumn quarter in scientific 
investigations in South America. Pro- 



THE UNIVERSITY RECORD 



19 



fessor Salisbury sailed from New York in 
August for Panama, crossed the Isthmus, 
and went down the west coast of South 
America as far as Valparaiso. He will 
camp in Patagonia, and on his return 
will investigate the iron deposits of 
Brazil. He resumes his work at the 
University in the Winter Quarter. 

Professor R. F. Harper, who will spend 
the coming year in London in the prepara- 
tion of the publication of the next two 
voumes of his Assyrian and Babylonian 
Letters. 

Associate Professor H. L. Willett, who 
sailed from San Francisco, September 
27, with a p>arty of fifteen persons who 
will study under him in Japan, China, 
and India, and will later tour through 
Egypt, Palestine, Turkey, and Greece 
until May, 1913. 

Associate Professor Chester W. Wright, 
who will sf>end the autumn quarter in an 
investigation on the subject of industrial 
combinations. 

President Harry Pratt Judson was one 
of the speakers at the opening of the new 
Rice Institute at Houston, Texas, on 
October 10, 11, and 12. Other speakers 
were Henry van Dyke, Professor Emile 
Borel of Paris, Sir William Ramsay of 
London, President Sidney Mezes of the 
University of Texas, and Doctor Edgar 
Odell Lovett, the president of the new 
institution. The Rice Institution is 
endowed with property amounting to 
about ten million dollars, which is held 
for endowment, the income only to be 
used for building and op)erating expenses. 

Lectures on the Modem City. — "Prob- 
lems of the Modem City" is the subject 
of a series of lectures which is being 
given by present and former professors 
of the University of Chicago in Fullerton 
Hall of the Art Institute, Chicago, begin- 
ning October 15 and ending December 17. 
The course was opened by J. Paul Goode, 
Associate Professor of Geography, who 
spoke on "The Dynamics of the City: 
Its Geography and Transportation." 
Robert Franklin Hoxie, Associate Pro- 
fessor in the Department of Political 
Economy, followed with a lecture Octo- 
ber 27 on "The Development of Industry 
and the Social Problems of a City." 
"The Health of the City" was the sub- 
ject of a lecture by Edward Oakes Jordan, 
Professor of Bacteriology, on October 29. 
The first lecture in November was on 



"Political Parties and the City," by 
Andrew Cunningham McLaughlin, head 
of the Department of History, who will 
be followed by Charles Edward Merriam, 
Professor of Political Science, in a lecture 
on "The Cost of Governing the City." 
Sophonisba P. Breckinridge, Assistant 
Professor of Social Economy, will speak 
upon "The Child in the City," on 
November 19. "Education in the City" 
will be the topic discussed by George 
Herbert Mead, Professor of Philosophy. 
On December 3, Roscoe Pound, formerly 
Professor of Law at the University of 
Chicago, but now a member of the faculty 
of the Harvard Law School, will lecture 
on "The Administration of Justice in 
the Modem City." "The City and 
Human Values" is the title of a lecture 
given by James Hayden Tufts, head of the 
Department of Philosophy. The series 
will dose December 17, when George 
Edgar Vincent, formerly Professor of 
Sociology in the University of Chicago but 
now President of the University of 
Minnesota, will discuss the subject of 
"Group Rivalry in City Life." The 
proceeds from the lectures will go toward 
the work of the University of Chicago 
Settlement in the Stockyards district. 
The whole series is similar in purpose 
to that of last year's course on "The 
Frontier Line of Modem Science," and 
is an effort on the part of the University 
of Chicago to contribute to the progres- 
sive life of the city of Chicago. 

Professor Charles E. Merriam, of the 
Department of Political Science, was the 
temporary chairman of the State Pro- 
gressive convention of Illinois and made 
the opening speech at Orchestra Hall, 
Chicago, August 3, 191 2. Mr. Merriam 
was also a member of the resolutions 
committee of the National Progressive 
convention which met in Chicago from 
August 5 to 7. 

Dr. Charles P. Small, who has been 
the University Physician since the found- 
ing of the University of Chicago, has 
resigned to devote his entire time to 
private practice. Dr. Small has been 
for the last three years head of Hitch- 
cock Hall. He is succeeded in this posi- 
tion by Assistant Professor David A. 
Robertson, of the Department of English. 
Mr. Robertson was formerly head of 
Snell Hall and assistant head of Hitch- 
cock Hall, and has been secretary to the 
President of the University since 1906. 
Assistant Professor James A. Field and 



20 



THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE 



Rev. Charles W. Gilkey are the assistant 
heads of the hall. 

Professor Thomas C. Chamberlin, 
head of the Department of Geology, is a 
member of the Commission of the Illinois 
Geological Survey, which recently met at 
Springfield to authorize the drafting of 
engineering, geological, and reclamation 
maps for the state of Illinois. President 
Edmund J. James, of the University of 
Illinois, and the governor of the state are 
also members of the commission. 

Associate Professor Frank M. Leavitt, 
of the Department of Education, was one 
of the speakers at the conference called 
in Springfield by the Illinois Bankers' 
Association for August 14, to discuss a 
prop)Osed state law making provision 
for " practical " studies in all state schools. 
The proposed courses are in agriculture, 
domestic science, and industrial education. 
Professor Leavitt was made a member 
of the committee to draft the bill, other 
members being Francis G. Blair, State 
Superintendent of Public Instruction of 
Illinois, and Edwin G. Cooley, former 
superintendent of the Chicago schools. 

At the Fifth International Congress 
' of Mathematicians held in August at 
Cambridge, England, the University 
was represented by four members: Pro- 
fessor Eliakim H. Moore and Associate 
Professor Gilbert A. Bliss in the section 
of analysis. Professor Forest R. Moulton 
in the section on mechanics, and Associ- 
ate Professor J. W. A. Young in the 
section on philosophy and pedagogy 
of mathematics. Messrs. Moore, Bliss, 
and Moulton also attended the Dundee 
meeting of the British Association for 
the Advancement of Science, and Mr, 
Moore the Miinster meeting of the 
Deutsche Mathematiker-Vereinigung. At 
the Cambridge meeting 700 members 
were in attendance, Great Britain and 
Ireland leading with 230 and the United 
States following with 90. 

Beginning with the Autumn Quarter, 
the Ryder Divinity School (Universalist) , 
formerly at Galesburg, 111., has been con- 
ducted in Chicago under an arrangement 
of co-operation with the University of 
Chicago. The Divinity School is organ- 
ized as a Divinity House of the University 
with the usual privileges of attendance 
in University classes. It is believed by 
the authorities of the University and 
of the school that the work will be more 
effective if conducted in connection 
with the advantages of a university 



than if conducted in an isolated position. 
The Rev. Dr. Lewis B. Fisher, who was 
president of the school, continues as Dean 
and Head of the House, and gives instruc- 
tion in the particular tenets of the Uni- 
versalist Church. 

The University was visited on Sep- 
tember 30 by about seventy members 
of the Fourteenth German Medical 
Research Tour. This party included 
physicians, surgeons, scientists, com- 
mercial men, representatives of the army 
and navy, health officers, and govern- 
ment representatives. At a banquet 
given in the Hotel La Salle to the visit- 
ing physicians Dean Angell was one of 
the speakers. 

Members of the Fifth International 
Congress of Chambers of Commerce 
visited the grounds of the University of 
Chicago on October 6, and in company 
with President Harry Pratt Judson, who 
was a delegate to the Boston meeting 
of the congress, attended the Indiana 
game on Marshall Field. On the even- 
ing of October 7 a dinner was given to 
members of the congress at the South 
Shore Country Club, where Professor 
Nathaniel Butler, of the Department of 
Education, was one of the speakers. 
More than four hundred delegates were 
in attendance on the congress. 

A new portrait of Leon Mandel, donor 
of the Leon Mandel Assembly Hall, 
has recently been hung in Hutchinson 
Hall, the artist being Ralph Clarkson, a 
member of the faculty of the Art Insti- 
tute of Chicago. Other portraits of 
donors in Hutchinson Hall are those of 
Mr. Martin A. Ryerson, who gave the 
Ryerson Physical Laboratory and its 
new addition; Mr. Charles A. Hutchin- 
son, donor of Hutchinson Hall; and Mr. 
A. C. Bartlett, donor of the Frank Dick- 
inson Bartlett Gymnasium, whose por- 
trait was also the work of Mr. Clarkson. 

The Department of Chemistry has 
had this year an unusually large number 
of requests for chemists from universities, 
the government, technical estabUsh- 
ments, colleges, and schools, the total 
amount of salaries involved reaching some- 
thing like $145,000. Its list of available 
candidates for advanced positions was 
exhausted by the beginning of the 
Summer Quarter, 191 2. 

Mr. William P. Gorsuch, of the Depart- 
ment of Public Speaking, recently 
returned from a trip around the world, 
which he took in connection with his 



THE UNIVERSITY RECORD 



21 



work as a lecturer in general literature be- 
before the annual Teachers' Assembly 
of the Philippine Islands, held in Baguio, 
the summer capital. The attendance 
at the assembly included about three 
hundred and fifty teachers, most of 
whom were Ameridins. The work of 
general education in the Philippines is 
directed by Frank R. White, a graduate 
of the University of Chicago. Professor 
William D. MacClintock, of the Depart- 
ment of English, was also a lecturer 
before the assembly, this being his second 
visit to the islands for that purpose. 

Director A. A. Stagg, of the Depart- 
ment of Physical Culture and Athletics, 
was nominated as a presidential elector 
at the State Progressive convention of 
Illinois held in Chicago on August 3. 
Mr. Stagg was nominated from the 
second congressional district of the state. 

Dr. George E. Shambaugh, of the 
Department of Anatomy, was awarded 
the International Lenval prize at the 
meeting of the International Otological 
Congress which convened in Boston the 
second week of August. This is the 
first time the award has come to an 
American. Dr. Shambaugh has been 
Instructor in Anatomy in the University 
for ten years, and is also Assistant Pro- 
fessor of Otology in Rush Medical College. 

The Courts, Ike Constitution, and 
Parties is the title of a volume recently 
issued by the University of Chicago 
Press, the author being Professor Andrew 
C. McLaughlin, head of the Depart- 
ment of History. It contains a series 
of studies in constitutional history and 
politics, intended for the general public, 
but even students of American history 
will find them full of information. The 
titles of the essays are "The Power of 
a Court to Declare a Law Unconstitu- 
tional," "The Significance of Political 
Parties," "Political Parties and Popular 
Government," "Social Compact and 
Constitutional Construction," and "A 
Written Constitution in Some of Its 
Historical Aspects." 

Associate Professor Allan Hoben, of 
the Department of Practical Theology, 
is the author of a volume entitled The 
Minister and the Boy, which appears 
on the new autumn list of the University 
of Chicago Press. The book is the 
outgrowth of Professor Hoben 's success- 
ful experience in connection with neigh- 
borhood clubs and settlement work in 



Chicago and is practical and concrete 
in its treatment of the subject. 

Index Apologeticus is the title of a vol- 
ume recently issued from Leipzig, the 
work of Associate Professor Edgar J. 
Goodspeed, of the Department of Biblical 
and Patristic Greek. With his earlier 
Index Patristicus, it practically com- 
pletes the concordancing of pre-Catholic 
Christian Greek literature. The volume 
is dedicated to President Judson "in 
acknowledgment of a generous interest 
shown through twenty years." Pro- 
fessor Goodspeed is also publishing 
at Gottingen an edition of the Greek te.xts 
of these pre-Catholic apwlogists, as a 
companion volume to this. 

The libraries of the University of 
Chicago during the Spring and Summer 
Quarters of 191 2 received accessions of 
10,610 volumes. Of these, 6,723 volumes 
were added by purchase, 2,655 by gift, 
and 1,232 by exchange. Among the 
gifts received were a Japanese collection 
of thirty-six volumes from President 
Frank W. Gunsaulus, of the Armour 
Institute of Technology, twenty volumes 
from the Bunker Hill Monument Associa- 
tion, and six volumes in English of the 
works of Count LUtzow. 



Recent contributions by members of 
the Faculties to the journals published 
by the University of Chicago Press: 

Atwood, Associate Professor Wallace 
W. (with K. F. Mather): "The Evidence 
of Three Distinct Glacial Epochs in the 
Pleistocene History of the San Juan 
Mountains, Colorado" (with four figures) 
Journal of Geology, July-August. 

Barnard, Professor Edward E.: "Pho- 
tographic Observations of Cornet 191 1 
c (Book)" (with seven plates), Astro- 
physical Journal, July. 

Bonner, Associate Professor Robert 
J.: "Evidence in the Areopagus," 
Classical Philology, October. 

Breslich, Ernst R.: "Teaching High- 
School Pupils How to Study," School 
Review, October. 

Chamberlain, Associate Professor 
Charles J.: "Edward Strasburger," 
Botanical Gazette, July. 

Freeman, Dr. Frank N.: "Current 
Methods of Teaching Handwriting," III, 
Elementary School Teacher, September. 

Henderson, Professor Charles R.: 
"Applied Sociology (or Social Tech- 
nology)," American Journal of Sociology, 
September. 



22 



THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE 



Hoxie, Associate Professor Robert F.: 
"The Socialist Party and American Con- 
vention Methods," Journal of Political 
Economy, July. 

Judson, President Harry Pratt: 
"Waste in Educational Curricula," 
School Review, September. 

Leavitt, Associate Professor Frank 
M.: "The Need, Purpose, and Possi- 
bilities of Industrial Education in the 
Elementary School," Elementary School 
Teacher, October. 

Parkhurst, Assistant Professor John A. : 
"Yerkes Actinometry" (with fourteen 
figures), Astrophysical Journal, October. 

Pietsch, Professor Karl: "Zur spani- 
schen Grammatik," Modern Philology, 

July. 

Small, Professor Albion W.: "General 
Sociology," American Journal of Soci- 
ology, September. 

Smith, Associate Professor Gerald B.: 
"Theology and Religious Experience," 
Biblical World, August; "Theology and 
the History of Religion," ibid., Septem- 
ber; "Theology and Scientific Method," 
ibid., October. 

Soares, Professor Theodore G. ; " Practi- 
cal Theology and Ministerial Efficiency," 
American Journal of Theology, July. 

Thompson, Associate Professor James 
W.: "The Alleged Persecution of the 
Christians at Lyons in 177," American 
Journal of Theology, July. 

Wood, Associate Professor Francis A.: 
"Notes on Latin Etymologies," Classical 
Philology, July. 

Recent addresses by members of the 
Faculties include: 

Carlson, Associate Professor Anton 



J.: "Movements of the Stomach in Its 
Relation to Hunger," Scandinavian- 
American Medical Society, twenty-fifth 
annual convention, Chicago, October 10. 

Clark, Associate Professor S. H.: 
"Maeterlinck," Drama League of Ameri- 
ca, Lyric Theater, Chicago, October 4. 

Goode, Associate Professor J. Paul: 
"Industrial Japan," Arch6 Club, Chicago, 
October 11; "Japan as a World Power," 
West End Woman's Club, Chicago, 
October 12. 

Judson, President Harry Pratt: Ad- 
dress before the Illinois Society of the 
Sons of the American Revolution, in 
celebration of Yorktown Day, October 19. 

Leavitt, Associate Professor Frank M. : 
"Organization of High Schools the 
Better to Meet Industrial Conditions," 
Military Tract Teachers Association, 
Galesburg, 111., October 18. 

McLaughlin, Professor Andrew C: 
Address before Political Science De- 
partment of Chicago Woman's Club, 
October 28. 

Merriam, Professor Charles E.: "Poli- 
tics in the Humanitarian Institutions 
of Cook County," Chicago Woman's 
Club, October 16. 

Shepardson, Associate Professor Fran- 
cis W.: Address at centennial of Fort 
Dearborn massacre, Chicago, October 15. 

Wallace, Assistant Professor Eliza- 
beth: "Recent Experiences in Spain," 
Chicago Association of Collegiate Alum- 
nae, October 19. 

Yamanouchi, Dr. Shigeo: Address 
at services in memory of the late Mikado, 
Abraham Lincoln Center, Chicago, Sep- 
tember 13. 



THE BOARD OF TRUSTEES 



Meeting of August 14, IQ12. — The 
following letter from Mr. Julius Rosen- 
wald was submitted by Mr. Ryerson: 

"August 12, igi2 
To the Board of Trustees of the University of 

Chicago: 
- Gentlemen: On this, my fiftieth birthday, 
I take great pleasure in offering you the sum 
of Two Hundred Fifty Thousand Dollars 
($250,000) upon the following conditions 
and for the following purposes: 

The most pressing building requirements 
of the University at this time seem to be (i) A 
Woman's Gymnasium (including possibly a 
Club House); (2) A building for the Geologi- 
cal and Geographic Departments; (3) A 
building for the Classical Departments, the 
total cost of which is estimated at from 
$750,000 to $800,000. 

In order to enable you the better to secure 



all of these buildings, each of which seems 
to be almost equally necessary, my gift is 
conditioned as follows: 

Whenever two-thirds (f) of the sum neces- 
sary to completely and adequately erect and 
equip any one or more of these buildings be 
secured from other sources, the other one- 
third (i) shall then be payable by me. If, 
however, more or less than two-thirds (§) 
of the sum for any building be secured from 
other sources, the other part shall be payable 
by me, the intention being that my total gift 
of Two Hundred Fifty Thousand Dollars 
($250,000), together with what may be 
secured from other sources, will enable you 
to erect and equip these three buildings. 

Whatever part of said sum of Two Hun- 
dred Fifty Thousand Dollars ($250,000) will 
not be needed for these three buildings on 
account of funds that may be secured from 
other sources, shall be at your disposal to be 



THE UNIVERSITY RECORD 



23 



used by you for such other building or build- 
ings as you deem best. 

The amount to be contributed by me, in 
accordance with the above conditions, shall 
be paid in cash as soon as you shall have 
secured gifts either in cash or in pledges, 
satisfactory to me or to my executors, for 
the additional amounts respectively required. 
(Signed) "Julius Rosenwald" 

The following committee was ap- 
pointed to raise the additional money 
required for the buildings: Mr. Martin 
A. Ryerson; Mr. T. E. Donnelley; Mr. 
Harold F. McCormlck; Judge F. A. 
Smith; President Harry Pratt Judson. 

The Committee on Buildings and 
Groimds was authorized to prepare and 
submit plans for the Classical Building. 

Appointments 191 2. — William D. 
Harkins, Professor of Chemistry in the 
University of Montana, to an assistant 
professorship of Chemistry, for four 
years, from October i, 191 2. 

John E. Stout as Instructor' in the 
History of Education, to give one major 
course during the Autumn, Winter, and 
Spring Quarters. 

Agnes K. Hanna as Instructor in 
Household Art for one year, from Octo- 
ber I, 1912. 

Dr. Frank W. Gunsaulus as Profes- 
sorial Lecturer in the Divinity School, 
for one year, from July i, 191 2. 

Raleigh Schorling to an Assodiateship 
in Mathematics, for one year, from 
October i, 1912. 

W. Phillips Comstock to an Associate- 
ship in Mathematics, for one year, from 
October i, 1912. 

Ernest H. Wilkins to an Associate 
Professorship in the Department of 
Romance Languages and Literatures, 
from October i, 191 2. 

Samuel A. Mitchell, Ph.D., Adjunct 
Professor of Astronomy at Columbia 
University, as Research Assistant Pro- 
fessor of Astrophysics, for one year, from 
July I, 1912. 

F. W. Upson, Ph.D., Instructor in 
Chemistry, for three years, from Octo- 
ber I, 1912. 

Arthur G. Bovee to an Instructorship 
in French, for one year, from October i, 
1912. 

John Charles Cone as Instructor in 
English in the University High School, 
for one year, from October i, 1912. 

Professor Albert C. Whi taker, of 
Leland Stanford Junior University, to a 
professorship in the Department of 



Political Economy, for one year, from 
October i, 1912. 

Frank Kaiser Bartlett, M.D., as 
Associate in Pathology for one year, from 
October i, 1912. 

Josephine Young, M.D., Assistant 
Professor of Medicine in Rush Medical 
College, as Medical Adviser for Women 
in the Colleges and in the School of 
Education, for one year, from October i, 
1912. 

A. D. Brokaw to an Instructorship in 
the Department of Geology, for one year, 
from October i, 19 12. 



September meeting, 191 2. — Action of the 
Board of Trustees of the Baptist Theo- 
logical Union was reported, discontinu- 
ing, under its auspices, the Swedish 
Theological Seminary at Morgan Park 
on and after September 30, 191 2, and 
the Danish-Norwegian Theological Semi- 
nary on and after June 30, 1913. The 
Swedish Seminary is to continue its work 
at Morgan Park under the direction of the 
Swedish Baptist Conference of America. 

President Judson submitted a com- 
munication from the trustees of the 
Educational Fund established by the 
late General Henry Strong, announcing 
"our design and purpose to appropriate 
from the funds available the sum of 
One Thousand Dollars, for the establish- 
ment and maintenance of two or more 
scholarships in The University of Chicago 
to be denominated 'The Henry Strong 
Scholarships.' .... It is our hope that 
the sum allotted may prove sufficient 

for at least, four scholarships 

This appropriation can be made only 
from year to year It is our inten- 
tion, however, .... to continue it 
from year to year. In the selection of 
candidates, we believe that the spirit of 
the testator's provision requires that 
consideration be given to character and 
the promise of its development even 
more than to scholarship. The inclina- 
tion and ability to mingle with and know 
one's fellows and the possession of traits 
tending to leadership among them were 
as highly valued by the testator as zeal 
in the pursuit of knowledge. When 
nominations are made it will be presumed 
that these various considerations have 
been given due weight, and that the 
candidates are, in the judgment of the 
President of the University or the com- 
mittee charged with selection, those most 
deserving of aid and from whom the 



24 



THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE 



best return may be anticipated in char- 
acter and scholarship." 

This very generous proposal was signed 
by General Strong's children, who are 
the trustees of the fund: Ella Strong 
Denison, Mary Strong Sheldon, Janet 
Strong Jameson, and Gordon Strong. 

The following resignations were regret- 
fully accepted: 

Dr. Charles P. Small as University 
Physician and Head of Hitchcock House. 

William A. Bragdon of the College of 
Education. 

W. A. Richards, of the University High 
School. 



The following new appointments were 
made: 

Assistant Professor David A. Robert- 
son, Head of Hitchcock House. 

The following promotions were made: 

Dr. E. V. L. Brown, Assistant Pro- 
fessor in Pathology. 

Harvey B. Lemon, Associate in 
Physics. 

Frederick G. Koch, Instructor in 
Physiological Chemistry. 

Mathilda Koch, Research Assistant in 
Physiological Chemistry. 



FROM THE LETTER-BOX 



To the Editor: 

I have just finished reading the June 
number of the Magazine, and, particu- 
larly, Mr. Richberg's article. I notice 
that you seem to think the revolt among 
the alumni, which he believes exists, a 
thing of negligible dimensions. Possi- 
bly you may underestimate it. In the 
course of my work and play, here just 
outside of Chicago, I meet a number of 
the men who have been out from five 
to ten years, and I am struck often by the 
realization of how little the University 
means to them and of how little they care 
to know what is going on there. 1 admit 
that my own guilt on this count is con- 
siderable. There is a revolt, but it is 
largely a passive revolt, a revolt of indif- 
ference. 

To find an explanation of this has been 
a matter of some thought with me, and 
also of some investigation. It has been 
illuminating to find the real opinion of 
University life held by the alumni that I 
know. Analysis of their replies to ques- 
tions casually put leads me to believe 
that the trouble is just this: they believe 
that while they were in the University 
no one cared much about them. They 
feel that they were people who went to 
Chicago, not people who were of Chicago. 

Looking back on my own undergradu- 
ate days, after the brief half-decade which 
has intervened, I find that I can remem- 
ber with vividness only two of the faculty 
as having had any appreciable influence 
upon the formation of real love for 
Chicago. One was in the English de- 
partment; the other taught mathematics. 
The essential thing, however, is not that 
they taught these subjects; it is that they 
taught me. They seemed to care enough 
about me in those, my very callow days, 
to try to know me, my aims, my thoughts, 
and to lead me, as an individual, and not 
merely as a stereotyped thing called an 
"undergraduate," into the beauties of 
what they had to teach. 

Other memories are not so sweet. 
There is the crusty professor who told 
his class that he did not care to know 
socially those whom he had in his classes. 
And there are the ones who lectured to 



their classes with no apparent knowl- 
edge of those classes as other than a mass 
of p>eople who had paid their fees. And 
there is the one who told me, when I 
asked for a thesis back, after laboring 
for weeks upon it, that he had such large 
classes that he never read the theses 
but destroyed them untouched. I re- 
member the dean who used to spend as 
much as two minutes guiding my un- 
practiced mind in the choice of electives. 
1 do not blame him, poor fellow. He had, 
1 believe, some two hundred callow 
youths to minister to. 

Because the classes were such cut-and- 
dried, "business-like" affairs, there was, 
all through the course, very little of that 
earnest, informal, heart-to-heart discus- 
sion which I have since found in many 
other institutions of learning which I 
have visited. We students did not know 
each other well enough to open our hearts 
and minds and wrestle with one another 
about the problems introduced to us in 
our lecture-rooms and laboratories. Our 
work was a dry, routine matter, nearly 
unrelated to our own innermost thoughts 
and affections. Naturally we did it as 
quickly and easily as we could, and turned 
our attention to other things. 

We were after things real, things 
interesting. We were seeking comrade- 
ship, the virile reaUty of friendship — 
and self-expression. Some of us went 
in for athletics. Some of us became 
engrossed in the social side of things, open 
to us by virtue of our city residence or 
our city acquaintanceships. Some of 
us specialized in so-called student 
activities. Personally, the last was my 
path toward realities. I notice there is 
another correspondent in your issue 
before me who attacks the Blackfriars. 
The attack is in large measure justified. 
Four years in the plays and a share in 
writing one of them make me know some 
of the evils as well as or better than he 
does. But I also know why I went into 
those things. I did not know it then. 
What I was really seeking was comrade- 
ship and also a chance for self-expression 
under the guidance of someone who was 
interested. We had a coach in those 



25 



26 



THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE 



days, a man who since has gotten rather 
far ahead in the professional producers' 
ranks. He used to swear at us. No 
professor ever did that to us. He called 
us names and vihfied us. Professors 
were always pohte. But he was our 
friend, and we instinctively felt that he 
was interested in us and in our work. 
And we could not say that of most of our 
official guides. I know that I learned as 
much from him, of that sort of knowledge 
which imparts self-development rather 
than the imparting of information, as I 
did from most of my work. 

I am still in touch with things under- 
graduate in a quiet and unofficial way. 
And I find that the old conditions still 
continue, much the same as five years 
ago. Some few break through the crust 
and manage to find reahty, but most 
of the rank and file are stumbling along 
the same old path. They do not work 
any more than they have to. Increased 
faculty strictness squeezes a little more 
reluctant proficiency from them. But 
they do not love it, any more than we 
did. They magnify the importance of 
sports and comic operas, and all the rest 
of it. Their hearts are in the wrong place. 
Of course in all this I am speaking of the 
ordinary, healthy man, not of the warped 
book- worm. 

This I find to be about the complamt 
of nine out of ten of the graduates I 
meet. After they get out their interests 
grow. The trivial things they loved in 
college lose their interest. And the 
interest in, and love for, the reahties of 
learning have never been aroused withm 
them. Naturally they drift into the 
ranks of the indifferent. They aid the 
passive revolt. 

In my profession, that of priest, we 
have a moral maxim, for use in advising 
penitents, that a sin is best overcome by 
a distraction of attention from it, and 
that distraction is to be attained by an 
emphasis upon something good which is 
more fascinating. If the officials of the 
University want — and who doubts that 
they do want— to really adjust the values 
of the University so as to stop overdevo- 
tion to nonessential things like athletics 
and operas and so on, what they must 
do is devise some method of so interesting 
the students in the deUghts of learning 
that they will forget the lesser dehghts 
of these things. And the only way it 
can ever be done is by devising some 
means for the faculty and the student 
body to know one another. Meanwhile, 



until the rulers find a good way to do 
this, it might help if the instructors of 
that strange animal, the undergraduate, 
would remember that in handling him 
and developing him into what he may, 
possibly, become, what is needed is less 
learning and more love. 

Bernard Iddings Bell, '07 

October 15, 1912 
Editor of U. of C. Magazine: 

We little thought, when you stated 
in the June number that Honolulu- 
Chicago goers expected to get together, 
that we would so soon record the most 
brilliant gathering of Chicagoans ever 
assembled in the Pacific Ocean, or any- 
where else outside of the states. 

R. H. Allen, '05, editor of the Honolulu 
Star-Bulletin, has given you details of our 
meeting of October 3, when Professor 
Willett's round-the-world class of ten 
joined with a similar number of Chica- 
goans here in a lunch at the University 
Club. 

Not the least important member was 
Dean R. Wickes, '05, Ph.D. '12, who 
arrived here on Professor Willett s 
steamer. He and his bride, Fanny 
Sweeny Wickes, are remaining here a 
couple of weeks, receiving commission 
as missionaries of the Central Union 
Church here, to the North China Mission 
of the A.B.C.F.M. The meeting em- 
phasized a point which I hope will reach 
the eye of every Chicagoan likely to 
wander this way, namely, that every 
instructor or student of the University 
coming here ought to feel in duty bound 
to make himself known to some of us, 
that we may gather some new rays_ of 
light from the center of wisdom, or sing 
a hymn over him, or ride him on a surf- 
board or something. Let him not do 
as one of our learned friends of the Faculty 
once did, who was incognito trying to 
join the Lotus-eaters here when he was 
discovered by one of his former students, 
too late to gather the faithful around him. 
Kamehameha I didn't make any more 
noise shoving his enemies over a 1,000- 
foot cliff in the battle of Nuuanu than 
the Chicago crowd did giving the Chicago 
yell at the same spot on October 3. I 
may add without blushing that since then 
—the battle I mean— this has become the 
loveliest of all climates and the centerjof 
hospitality, so let us hear from you in 
advance, all Chicago visitors. 

S. D. Barnes, '94 



ALUMNI AFFAIRS 



The Alumni Council. — A meeting of 
the Alumni Council was held in Ellis 
Hall on the evening of October 22, 191 2. 
After the reading of the minutes and 
reports from the secretary and treasurer, 
the annual election of officers was held. 
Ralph Hammill, '99, was unanimously 
elected chairman, and the secretary was 
instructed to cast the ballot of the society 
for the re-election of Frank. W. Dignan , '97, 
as secretary, and Rudolph Schreiber, '06, 
as treasurer. The following were elected 
chairmen of committees: Publications — 
James W. Linn; Finance — Herbert E. 
Slaught; Alumni Clubs — Frank VV. Dig- 
nan; Athletics — Donald Richberg. 

News from the Classes. — 
1867 

C. Carrothers is living on Lopez 
Island in the San Juan Archipelago on 
the coast of Washington. Most of his 
time since his graduation has been s{)ent 
as teacher in the service of the Japanese 
Educational Department. 
1896 

Miss Caroline Breyfogle has been 
made dean of women in the Ohio State 
University at Columbus. 

1897 

Wallace W. Atwood, Associate Pro- 
fessor of Physiography, spent the month 
of September in the San Juan Mountains 
in southwestern Colorado with a party 
of advanced students. The party made 
a systematic survey of 250 square miles. 
Professor Atwood has recently invented 
a sidereal sphere, a large apparatus to 
assist in instructional work in descriptive 
astronomy. One of these spheres will 
soon be installed in the Academy of 
Sciences in Lincoln Park, Chicago, of 
which institution he is secretary. 

Grace E. Bird published through the 
Macmillan Company, in July, Historical 
Plays, famous stories from history put 
in dramatic form for reading or acting for 
intermediate or higher grades. Miss 
Bird is a teacher at the State Normal 
School at Plymouth, N.H. 
1900 

Mary K. Synon has recently returned 
from Ireland, where she was investigating 



Irish life of the present day for the 
Chicago Daily Journal. 

Of the twelve women who received 
honorary Doctor's degrees at the recent 
anniversary exercises of Mount Holyoke 
College, three had received advanced 
degrees from the Unrv-ersity of Chicago, 
i.e., Katherine Bement Davis, Ph.D., 
'00; Caroline Ransom, Ph.D., '05, and 
Vivian Small, M.A., '05. 



Donald Richberg has recently pub- 
lished through Forbes & Company his 
second novel. In the Dark. It is a story 
of contemporary life in Chicago. Inci- 
dentally he finds room for some discussion 
of certain not very uncommon but rather 
puzzling phases of modem married life. 
It is written with rapidity and spirit, and 
seems likely to have a large sale. 

1903 

Dr. Rollin T. Chamberlin, of the 
Department of Geology, recently re- 
turned from a year of special investiga- 
tion in South America, where he went as 
a geologist of the Brazilian Iron and 
Steel Company to examine the recently 
recognized iron ore deposits in the state of 
Minas Geraes. Mr. Chamberlin's special 
work was to locate the most promising 
ore masses in the district, make geologic 
and topographic surveys, and estimate 
the quantity and value of the ore. The 
surveys were much hindered by the 
necessity of cutting trails through the 
tropical jungle. Travel was largely 
by mulebatfk. In order to get a general 
view of the geology of the South American 
continent Mr. Chamberlin, after finish- 
ing his work in Minas Geraes, traveled 
southward through Brazil and Uruguay 
to Buenos Aires and returned to the 
United States by way of the Straits of 
Magellan, Chile, Bolivia, Peru, and 
Panama. 

1 90s 

Riley Harris Allen is editor of the 
Honolulu Star-Bulletin. Mr. .Mien was 
formerly city editor of the Bulletin. 
When the two papers combined on July i, 
he was promoted to be editor-in-chief of 
both. 



27 



28 



THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE 



1906 
Marie Ortmayer is attending the 
Massachusetts Institute of Technology. 
"Chemistry," she writes, "interspersed 
with morals, I find very exciting." 

1907 
Bernice Benson was married on Sep- 
tember 8, 1909, to C. T. Talcott, and 
now makes her home in Webb City, Mo. 

1908 

Mrs. Paul Henning Willis (Ivy H. 
Dodge) has recently moved to Arka- 
delphia, Ark., where Mr. Willis has the 
chair of biblical literature and theology 
in Henderson-Brown College. 
1910 

Ching Tow is commissioner of public 
works at Kwan-tung. Among other 
former University of Chicago students 
who are part of the administrative 
affairs of Kwan-tung, the largest prov- 
ince in China, is Chien Shi-Fung, com- 
missioner of home administration, and 
Dr. Pan H. Lo, '11, who is commissioner 
of foreign affairs. 

George K. K. Link, adjunct professor 
of agricultural botany at the University 
of Nebraska, devotes his time to the 
investigation of potato diseases, especially 
the so-called "dry rot" and "little 
potato." 

1911 ■ 

Robert L. Allison is in business at 
Coming, N.Y. 

Hilmar R. Baukhage has been study- 
ing at Kiel and Jena universities, Ger- 
many, during the summer. 

Walter Phillips Comstock is teaching 
in the University High School this year. 

Mitchell Dawson has returned from a 
six months' tour of Europe and is 
registered in the third year of the Law 
School. 

Hargrave A. Long is connected with the 
sales department of the Service Recorder 
Company of Cleveland, Ohio. 

J. Arthur Miller is registered in the 
third-year class of the Law School. 

Gertrude E. Nelson is with the United 
Charities of Rochester, N.Y., and is 
living at home in Victor, N.Y. 

Nathaniel Pfeffer has resigned his 
position with the Chicago Evening Post 
and is now on the staff of the Chicago 
Daily Press. 

Richard Y. Rowe, ex, is taking law 
work at the University of Illinois. 

Calvin O. Smith has a position with the 



bond house of Cooke, Holtz & Co., 39 
La Salle Street. 

Edith I. Hemingway is supervisor of 
music in the public schools of Nobles- 
ville, Ind> 

1912 

George M. Potter, a student at Chicago 
in the past year, has been elected presi- 
dent of Shurtleff College, in Upper Alton, 
111. 

Gertrude Emerson sailed August 17 
for a year's stay in Japan. 

Frank EversuU has been made business 
agent of the Fullerton Avenue Presby- 
terian Church. He has an office in the 
church building, and it will be his duty 
to care for the business interests of the 
church. He is, so far as known, the first 
person to be appointed to such a position. 

Ruth C. Russell is teaching biology in 
the high school at Gwinn, Mich. 

Floy McMillen has been appointed 
seed inspector in the Albert Dickinson 
Seed Company of Chicago. 

Hazel Brodbeck is teaching biology 
and physiography at the Robinson, 111., 
High School. 

Engagements. — 

'06. Miss Ruth Marie Reddy, and 
William Jennings O'Neill. The marriage 
is set for November 28. 

'07. Miss Frances Montgomery to 
George Thomas Shay. The date of the 
marriage is set for September 10. Mr. 
Shay is a member of the Beta Theta 
Fraternity. 

'10. Miss Helen Lorene Barker and 
William Magee Maignel, of Philadelphia. 
The marriage is set for some time in 
September. 

'10. Walter Dalton Freyburger, and 
Miss Mabel Orris Farrar. The marriage 
is set for August 20. Mr. Freyburger is a 
graduate of the Decatur High School, of 
the University of Michigan, and of the law 
school of the University of Chicago. He 
is a member of the Delta Chi, a law 
fraternity. He is a member of the firm of 
Morse, McKinney & Mcllvane, Chicago. 



Marriages. — 

'00. Rev. John W. Beardslee, to 
Frances Eunice Davis, '09, on August 8, 
191 2, at Holland, Mich. Their address 
will be Holland, Mich. 

'02. Dr. Edward V. L. Brown to 
Frieda Kirchhoff, August 10, 191 2. Miss 
Kirchhoff was a student at the Uni- 



ALUMNI AFFAIRS 



29 



versity of Chicago for a time in 1900- 
1901. 

'05. Hollis Elmer Potter to Blanche 
Morse, daughter of Mr. and Mrs. Justine 
Edward Morse, of Dillon, Mont., on 
July 24, 191 2. Dr. Potter has offices in 
the Peoples Gas Building. 

'05. Dean Rockwell Wickes of Chicago, 
to Fanny Rollinson Sweeny on August 
24, 191 2, at Poughkeepsie, N.Y. They 
will be at home in Peking, China, 
after December i. Mrs. Wickes was 
graduated from Vassar in 1907, and 
assisted in the economic department for 
three years. Last year she studied 
at the University of Chicago. Mr. and 
Mrs. Wickes exp>ect to work under the 
American Board of Missions in Timg 
Chow College, Peking. 

'07. William A. McDermid to Marian 
V. Lusk of Troy, N.Y., September 19, 
at Troy. McDermid was one of the early 
members of the Daily Maroon staff and 
is a member of Phi Gamma Delta. Mrs. 
McDermid is a graduate of Syracuse 
University and a member of Kappa 
Gamma Gamma Sorority. 

'09. Edward Leydon McBride, to 
Mary Elizabeth Archer, daughter of 
Mr. and Mrs. D. Webster Archer, 
Chicago, on September 18, 191 2. At 
home after November 15 at 5418 Wood- 
lawn Ave. 

'09. Daniel J. Glomset to Anna 
Theodora Asbjorg, on June 20, 1912, 
at Buffalo, N.Y. At home after October 
I, Des Moines, la. 

'09. Benjamin Harrison Badenoch to 
Nena Wilson, '11, at Washington, la. 
They will be at home at 7129 Normal 
Avenue. Mr. Badenoch was a member 
of Psi Upsilon, and Mrs. Badenoch was 
a Mortarboard. 

'09. Harry J. Schott to Helen Holman, 
at Sargent's Bluff, la. Mr. and Mrs. 
Schott will live in Sioux City, la. 

'12. Benton L. Moyer to Charlotte 
Boyle, September, at San Benito, Tex. 

'12. H. Russell Stapp to Eva Loreme 
Thompson, on July 20, 191 2, at Rock- 
ford, 111. Mr. and Mrs. Stapp will live 
in Chicago. 

'12. Charles Burt Gentry, to Kathleen 
Moore, at Kansas City, Mo., August 8, 
1 9 1 2 . At home after October i , Conway, 
Ark. 



'12. Miriam Julia Cole, ex, to John 
Wendall Hall, on July 31, in Chicago. 
Their address is Keokuk, la. 

'12. Warder Clyde Allee, Ph.D., '12, to 
Marjorie June Hill, '11, September 2, 
at Carthage, Ind. Mr. Allee is instruc- 
tor at the University of Illinois. 

'12. Suzanne Pauline Denise Morin, 
to Raymond Edwards Swing, on Tues- 
day. July 9, at London. 

'12. Carleton W. Washbume, ex, to 
Heloise Chandler, daughter of Mrs. 
Julia Davis Chandler, of Philadelphia, 
on September 15, 191 2, at Los .\ngeles, 
Cal. Mr. Washbume is a nephew of 
Mrs. Edith Flint of the Department of 
English. 

Deaths.— 

O. O. Whited died on August 6, at 
Minneapolis, of hydrophobia. Mr. 
Whited was bitten in the nose and face 
by a pet coach dog on July 7. The dog 
died a few days later of pronounced 
rabies. Mr. Whited at once took the 
Pasteur treatment at the University of 
Minnesota, but the infection was too 
severe, and a month later he died. He 
was bom January 20, 1854, in Ohio, 
and removed to Minnesota in 1864. He 
had been a resident of Minneapolis for 
22 years. Two sons, O. O. Whited, 
Jr., '05, and C. V. Whited, survive 
him. Mr. Whited had been particularly 
interested in the coming of President 
Vincent to the University of Minnesota 
and he sent to the Magazine at that time 
an account of the welcome which was 
given to President Vincent by the .\lumni 
Association of Minneapolis. 

Charles B. Franklin, / '12, died at his 
home, 1244 Humboldt St., Denver, Colo- 
rado, on October 3. The cause of death 
was acute tonsilitis. Mr. Franklin was 
graduated in 1906 from the East Denver 
High School, and in 1910 from the 
University of Michigan, where he received 
the degree of B.A. He was a member 
of Sigma Alpha Epsilon and of Phi 
Beta Kappa at Michigan. He had 
intended to practice law with his father 
in Denver, but on the day following his 
arrival after his graduation, he was taken 
ill with the disease which three months 
later caused his death. 



■ / 



30 



THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE 



THE ASSOCIATION OF DOCTORS OF PHILOSOPHY 



A misunderstanding which was re- 
vealed in the replies received from many 
of the Doctors to the circular letter by 
President Flickinger should be corrected. 
It is not generally known that those 
who have left the University and are 
holding positions are still eligible to 
recommendation through the Board at 
the University, the impression being 
that after once placing its Doctors the 
University is no longer specially con- 
cerned for their promotion and advance- 
ment. The Secretary is glad to correct 
this misunderstanding in the minds of 
any who may have held it. It is the 
belief and practice of most of the depart- 
ments that the University has no more 
important function than to assist its 
worthy graduates to better and better 
places as opportunity oflfers. 

H. W. Moody, '12, is a member of the 
staff in the department of physics in 
Lafayette College, Easton, Pa. 

J. H. Clo, '11, is professor of physics 
at the Tulane University, New Orleans, 
La. 

J. F. Garber, '03, is head of the depart- 
ment of botany and physiology in Yeat- 
man High School, St. Louis, Mo. 

Armin H. Koller, '11, is instructor in 
the department of German at the Uni- 
versity of Illinois. 

George F. Reynolds, '05, professor of 
English at the University of Montana, 
was married to Miss Mabel Smith, of 
Toledo, la., on August 30, 1912. 

Egbert J. Miles, '10, instructor in 
mathematics at Yale University, was 
married on June 27, i9i2,to Miss Helen 
T. Henson, of Olean, N.Y. 

S. B. Sinclair, '01, is in charge of the 
School for Teachers of MacDonald Col- 
lege, Quebec, Canada. 

John L. Tilton, '10, is professor of 
geology and physics at Simpson College, 
Indianola, la. He is active in research 
and publication, especially concerning 
the geology of various counties in Iowa. 
Some of these articles are as follows: 
" Geological Section along Middle River in 
Central Iowa," Iowa Geological Survey; 
"The Geology of Warren County, 
Iowa," Iowa Geological Survey; Part 
of "The Geology of Madison County, 
Iowa," Iowa Geological Survey; "The 
Switchboard and Arrangement of Stor- 
age Battery at Simpson College," Iowa 
Academy of Sciences; "A Problem in 



Municipal Waterworks for a Small 
City," Iowa Academy of Sciences; "The 
Pleistocene Deposits of Warren County, 
Iowa," the University of Chicago Press. 

E. A. Balch, '98, is professor of history, 
political economy, and political science 
at Kalamazoo College. 

W. A. Chamberlin, '10, professor of 
German at Denison University, spent 
the summer vacation in Germany, with 
side trips up the Rhine and through the 
Black Forest, returning by way of Paris 
and London. 

Miss Isabelle Stone, '97, who for a 
number of years has been in charge of 
the American School for Girls at Rome, 
Italy, was in Chicago during the summer, 
being called home on account of the 
illness of her mother. 

Fred T. Kelly, '01, is a member of the 
department of Hebrew and Hellenistic 
Greek at the University of Wisconsin, and 
his address is 224 N. Brooks St., Madison, 
Wis. 

William H. Allison, '05, is meeting with 
great success as dean of the Theological 
Seminary at Colgate University, Hamil- 
ton, N.Y. 

Luther L. Bernard, '10, is professor of 
history and the social sciences at the 
University of Florida. Mrs. Bernard 
was Miss Frances Fenton, ' 10. Professor 
Bernard is vice-president of the Florida 
Conference of Charities and Correction, 
and a member of the executive board 
of the Southern Sociological Congress. 
He recently read an article on "Educa- 
tion for Sociological Work" before the 
Conference of Charities and Correction. 
Mrs. Bernard has an article on "The 
Press and Crimes against the Person" in 
the October number of the Bulletin of 
the American Academy of Medicine. 

Ivan Lee Holt, '09, is pastor of the 
Centenary Methodist Church at Cape 
Girardeau, Mo. He is in great demand 
for addresses at educational institutions 
throughout the year, especially at com- 
mencement time, and on this account 
was unable to attend the annual meeting 
in June. 

Jasper C. Barnes, '11, of the depart- 
ment of psychology in Maryville College, 
Maryville, Tenn., was engaged in insti- 
tute work in eastern Tennessee and 
southern Kentucky during the summer. 

On October 19, 191 2, at the annual 
meeting of the Keystone State Library 



ALUMNI AFFAIRS 



31 



Association, Frank Grant Lewis, librarian 
of Crozer Theological Seminary, Chester, 
Pa., read a paper on "Some Elements of 



Efficiency in an Academic Library," and 
was elected vice-president of the asso- 
ciation for the coming year. 



THE DIVINITY ALUMNI ASSOCIATION 



Henry Coe Culbertson, '01, is president 
of the College of Emporia, Emporia, Kan, 

Clifton D. Gray, Ph.D. '00, has just 
entered upon his new field of work in 
Chicago as one of the editors of The 
Standard. He spent four years in the 
pastorate at Port Huron, Mich., and 
seven years at Stoughton Street Church, 
Boston. Mr. Gray is receiving congratu- 
lations from all parts of the country. 
His many friends feel that he is admir- 
ably adapted to the new type of work. 

W. S. Abemethy has begun work as 
pastor of the First Church, Kansas City, 
Mo. 

W. P. Behan, '07, of Morgan Park, 
spent the month of August camping 
near Marquette, Mich., and supplying 
the pulpit of the First Church of that 
city on Sundays. 

Carlos M. Dinsmore, pastor of the 
First Baptist Church, Anderson, Ind., 
was recently elected president of the 
Indiana State Convention. Twenty- 
four men attended the "Chicago" 
banquet held in connection with the 
convention, 

A, F. Vuriass, '04, of Elgin, III., gave 



an address upon the "Significance of the 
Individual" before the Chicago Baptist 
Ministers' Meeting in September. 

Dr. A. R. E. Wyant, '97, of Englewood, 
still takes time off for an occasional 
football game. He was an excited wit- 
ness on (or around) the "C" bench at the 
Iowa game recently. - 

P. M. Vaughn, '98, has recently been 
elected to the chair of Christian Theology 
at the Newton Theological Institution, 
Boston, Mass. 

F. T. Galpin, '04, has left Detroit for 
work in the First Baptist Church at 
Pittsburgh. 

C. H. Snashall is with the First Baptist 
Church, Fort Wayne, Ind. 

One hundred and forty Divinity 
School alumni attended the annual 
banquet at the Northern Baptist Con- 
vention held in Des Moines last May. 

The summer attendance at the Divinity 
School was about two hundred. 

All alumni news notes should be sent 
to Box 93, Faculty Exchange. This is 
"everyman's" column, 

Fred Merkitield, '01 
Secretary- Treasurer 



UNDERGRADUATE AFFAIRS 



Football Scores 

Oct. 5- Chicago 13; Indiana o 

Oct. 12. Chicago 34; Iowa 14 

Oct. 26. Chicago 7; Purdue o 

Nov. 2. Chicago 12; Wisconsin 30 
Nov. 9. Chicago 3; Northwestern o 

Nov. 16, Illinois at Champaign; Nov. 23, 
Minnesota. 

The annual commemorative chapel 
exercises were held on Tuesday, October 
I. The hymns, responses, and the selec- 
tion from the Bible were those used at 
the first chapel exercises at the beginning 

of the University in 1892 Alumni, 

former members of the Dramatic Club, 
gave a vaudeville performance in Mandel 
Hall on October 12. Those on the bill 
included A. G. Bovee, '08; W. W. 
Atwood, '97; Albert Henderson, '08; 
Frank Parker, '12; B. I. Bell, '07; H. D. 
Sulcer, '06; J. V. Hickey, '06; Frieda 
Kirchhoff Brown, ex-'o3; Ralph Benzies, 
'11; Lander MacClintock, '11; Phoebe 
Bell Terry, '08; and Agnes Wayman, '03. 
.... Four hundred and fifty women were 
present at the Freshman frolic in Mandel 
on October 4. As It Might Be, a play 
by Alice Lee Herrick, was presented. 
The Freshman stag party was held in 
Reynolds Club on the same evening. 
.... The regular season of the Uni- 
versity Orchestral Association began 
November 5. Concerts will take place 
monthly, on December 10, January 6, 
February 4, February 25, and April 8. 
In addition, on November 26, will appear 
Rudolph Ganz, pianist; on January 21, 
Eugene Ysaye, and on March 11, Alice 

Neilsen Season tickets admitting 

the bearer to all athletic events during 
the year, and to the use of the tennis 
courts, are being sold to all members 
of the University for $5.00 each. They 



are non-transferable. It is calculated 
that the price of admission for all 
games individually will amount to $20. 
.... Captain Laurence Dunlap of 
the cross country team resigned at 
the opening of the Autumn Quarter on 
account of heart trouble. John Bishop 
was elected to succeed him. W. P. 
Comstock, captain in 1910, is coaching 

the men Soccer football has been 

given up as a University sport. The 
Athletic Department has no funds to 
spare, and undergraduate support of the 

game has always been weak 

Norman Paine, quarter-back on the 
football team and captain of the basket- 
ball team, was elected president of the 
Undergraduate Council on Monday, 

October 7 Preliminary try-outs 

for the University debating team were 
held on October 25. H. G. Moulton is 
the coach. The debate will be held the 

third week of January The Cap 

and Gown this year will be in charge of 
William Lyman and John Perlee, mana- 
ging editors, W. P. Dickerson and Thomas 
E. Coleman, business managers, and 

Ralph Stansbury, literary editor 

The Daily Maroon this quarter is in 
charge of Hiram Kennicott, managing 
editor, Leon Stolz, news editor, and 

Burdette Mast, business manager 

The Reynolds Club announces a mem- 
bership for the Autumn Quarter of 516, 
the largest in the history of the club. 
.... One hundred and thirty-eight 
Freshmen were pledged to sixteen fra- 
ternities in October. Phi Delta Theta has 
not yet announced its pledges. Last year 

134 men were pledged The Three 

Quarters Club has this year been enlarged 
to admit three members from each fra- 
ternity, and two non-fraternity men. 



32 



^-^ 




RYERSON PHYSICAL LABORATORY ANNEX 



The University of Chicago 
Magazine 



Volume V DECEMBER, I9I2 Number 2 



EVENTS AND DISCUSSION 

Nothing which the Magazine could print would be quite so interesting 

as news of our alumni — is it necessary to say, including the alumnae ? 

Yet the provision for securing this information is most 

Wews o e unsatisfactory. The absence of class interest at Chicago 
Alumni • • 1 !• 

is desirable from various pomts of view, but it results dis- 
astrously in this connection. For only through class secretaries, up to 
now, has any institution ever succeeded in getting a steady flow of 
information about graduates. We who are trying to conduct the Uni- 
versity of Chicago Magazine depend on Mr. Slaught for news of the 
Doctors of Philosophy, Mr. Merrifield for news of the divines, and they 
work faithfully; but concerning those who have been mere undergradu- 
ates we depend upon most uncertain sources — press clippings, letters in 
renewal of subscription, and the friendly notes of the few inspired souls 
who are really eager for the comradeship of the alumni. These things 
being so, will not you who read this feel a personal responsibility in 
co-operation ? Send us any news you have of anyone who has ever 
attended the University. Others, interested in it, will in turn send us 
news of somebody whom you may have loved long since and lost awhile. 
The secretaries of the various associations can be of particular service. 
But so can you. 

Solicitude on the part of the municipal authorities has resulted in the 

establishment of a fire drill, which is to be carried out monthly by all 

classes in Cobb Hall. On the sounding of the gong, the 

. ^ 1.^ ^ students rise and stand at attention. The instructor pre- 
in Cobb 

ceding, all then, row by row in order, march down the 

hall to the fire escape at the rear end. Here the instructor in his turn 

35 



36 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE 

stands at attention while the students file past back to the classroom; 
the drill not as yet requiring the actual descent of the fire escape. Fire 
marshals are situated at the head of the stairs on each floor at the time 
of the drills to urge on recalcitrant instructors and to inform them of 
certain finer details of the evolutions. At the first drill, on November 
27, the gong was sounded at 12:05, and all classes had filed past the 
escapes and returned to their respective rooms by 12:09. Some time 
was consumed in the return; it is estimated therefore that the hall can 
be emptied by this system, in about three minutes. 

A movement of considerable interest in November was the forma- 
tion of the University Grand Opera Association, for the purpose of 
The Grand enabling its members to attend more performances of 
Opera the opera than the regular prices would permit to most of 

Association us at the University. At a meeting in Kent theater on 
November 6, at which 250 were present, it was decided to issue blanks 
to be signed by all those who wished to become members of such an 
organization, with a statement appended of the number of performances 
each signer would attend. Up to November 26, the opening date of 
Grand Opera, more than 400 students and members of the faculty had 
signed, with a promise to attend about 2,200 performances. The Grand 
Opera management in turn agreed to reduce prices to members of the 
University Association as follows: $3 seats reduced to $2; $2.50 seats 
to $1 . 50; $1 . 50 seats to 75 cents. Membership in the Association is 
50 cents; it is open to all students and members of the faculty and their 
wives. It entitles the holder to one seat for any performance at the 
reduced rate. This seat can be applied for only at the office of the 
Association. Notice of application is then sent to the Auditorium office, 
and the ticket may be secured by the applicant at any time after seven 
o'clock on the evening of the performance. The preliminary arrange- 
ments have been in the hands of an organization committee consisting 
of Dean Lovett, Assistant Professor Field, and D. A. Robertson, '02, 
secretary to the President. 

Still further reduction of prices is offered next year, perhaps even this 
year, by a system of endowment. Common friends of the University^ 
and of Grand Opera have already given sums aggregating $600 to be 
applied toward such reduction. If a permanent fund of $10,000 or more 
can be raised, as seems likely, some 400 students would be enabled to 
attend five performances each, in balcony seats, for 25 cents an evening. 
Detai s of the permanent organization are now being worked out, and 



EVENTS AND DISCUSSION 37 

will be announced later. The Association is unfortunately not open to 
alumni. 

Wisconsin is the football champion of the Conference, and receives 
our hearty congratulations. A championship was about due at Madison; 
though we cannot quite agree, nor do we suppose Wis- 
consin herself believes, that the team was a great 
one, it was a good one, and deserves its honor. To Minnesota also 
congratulations are due. The day is past when aspersions may be 
offered upon the amateur character of her men. To construct a 
wholly new eleven and fit it for such encounters as those with Wisconsin 
and Chicago was not a small feat; nor could it have been easy to visit 
justice in the height of the season upon so valuable a player as ToUefson. 
Finally we congratulate ourselves. As last year, our team finally found 
itself. Without strikingly brilliant players, but with a great willingness 
to work, steady courage, and absolutely perfect harmony, they went 
forward to better and better deeds. Second place in the Conference is 
nothing to be depressed over. 

Congratulations, in particular, to one man — Joseph Lawler, '13. 
Lawler entered the University from Hyde Park High School, in the fall 
of 1909. On his Freshman team he was called "a plucky 
little end, but too light." In 1910 he tried for end on the 
Varsity — vainly. But he never missed a practice. In 191 1 he tried 
again — this time for quarter. He got into a game or two, and was 
given a C at the end of the season. That was encouragement. This 
fall he was almost the first man out for practice. It was his last chance; 
he takes his degree in December. Paine was regular quarter; Smith was 
second choice; what hope for Lawler? He did the best he knew. At 
Madison Paine was hurt. Against Northwestern Smith and Lawler 
played alternate quarters. Lawler showed the better. He got his 
chance against Illinois, and played his head of! — fast, steady, judg- 
matical. Came the last game against Minnesota; Lawler running the 
team. He tries a forward pass, and it works. He shoots play after 
play, fast as the men can recover, straight into the line, running down 
to within two yards of the goal. One down left, for the first victory in 
four years over Minnesota. Not through the center this time, but 
swinging around the end — absolutely first-rate judgment just when it 
was needed — and off the field goes Lawler, football hero in the second 
half of the final game of the last quarter of his last year as an under- 
graduate. Is there any lesson here in perseverance ? Good luck in the 
law school, and afterward, to Lawler, '13! 



38 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE 

The annual agitation regarding the return of Michigan to the Con- 
ference was more animated this year than usual, but ended in the con- 
ventional way. Rumors were thick that at the meeting 
, „ , on November 29 and 30 a representative of Michigan 

would ask to have her case reviewed. Nothing of the 
sort happened, however; and the Conference adjourned after voting, 6 
to 3, not to permit a student in law or medicine to compete after taking 
his undergraduate degree. Professor Albion W. Small is now Chicago's 
representative. 

Another meeting, however, held also on November 30, was slightly 
more promising. The editors of various student newspapers came 
together, formed an association called "The Alliance of Western College 
Dailies," and as their first action passed the very interesting resolutions 
which follow: 

1. Competition between Michigan and the Conference colleges is desired 
by the students and alumni of the Conference colleges as well as by Michigan. 

2. After reviewing conditions at the several colleges we have decided that 
the points at issue are: 

A) Faculty control of athletics. 

B) Training table. 

3. The faculty control. — Conference rules provide for "full and complete 
faculty control of athletics." But, in at least one Conference college, Minne- 
sota, students are in virtual control. At Minnesota the board of control con- 
sists of two faculty men appointed by the Faculty senate, two alumni, and 
eight students elected by popular vote. The only power held by the faculty 
is that of veto and not of legislation. 

At Michigan we find the following situation: The Board consists of four 
faculty men chosen by the Faculty senate, the graduate director of athletics, 
three alumni chosen by the board of regents of the university, and but three 
students appointed by the student "board of directors" which is composed 
of the graduate director of athletics and of the 'varsity team managers who are 
elected by the student body. Further, the board of regents, a body appointed 
by the governor of the state, has final authority. 

We believe that this system is the same in spirit and practice, although not 
identical in form, as at the Conference colleges. We believe then that this 
difference is a matter of mere technicality and that the real point at issue lies 
in the matter of the training table. 

4. The training table. — The training table system at Michigan is as follows: 
A private individual runs the table for profit, charging each member of the 
'Varsity Squad, assigned to the table by the coach, four dollars per week for 
two meals a day. Whatever deficit arises is made up by the Athletic associa- 
tion, this deficit being about $800 for the past year. In at least two Confer- 



EVENTS AND DISCUSSION 39 

ence colleges a so-called training table exists where team members eat together 
but pay the full amount of the board. It is generally conceded, and we believe 
that these tables conducted in this fashion are in accord with the spirit and 
letter of the Conference rules. Hence: 

5. The actual difference between Michigan and the Conference lies in the 

fact that the Michigan Athletic association contributes partially to the support 

of the training table. If this feature can be eliminated there remains no logical 

ground for the further separation of Michigan and the Conference colleges. 

President A. H. Ogle, Daily Illini 

Secretary C. F, G. Wernicke, Jr., 

Wisconsin Daily News 
Member^: H. J. Doermann, Minnesota Daily 
C. B. Conrad, Daily Illini 
P. H. Walsh and H. L. Wilson, 

Daily Northwestern 
F. W. Pennell and K. B. Matthews, 

Michigan Daily 
H. L. Kennicott, Leon Stolz, and 

B. W. ViNissKY, Daily Maroon 

The Alliance, by the way, is to be not for the year only but for the 
future, and is not to confine itself to co-operation in athletics. 

Donald Breed, '13, and Roderick Peattie, '13, in collaboration, won 
the annual play contest of the Order of the Blackfriars, according to the 
decision of the judges, announced November 26. Seven 
The Next plays were submitted for this year's contest, but the 

judges, who included four members of the Department of 
English at the University, Henry D. Sulcer, '06, and 
Richard Henry Little, dramatic critic of the Chicago Examiner, unani- 
mously selected the play of Breed and Peattie. The play was announced 
under the title of The Frolic of the Friars, but the authors say that this 
title is only temporary. The play, which is not local in its situations, 
was said by the judges to be fully equal in spirit, development, and 
characterization to arty which had previously been given by the Black- 
friars. Of the authors, Breed is from Freeport, 111., where he led his 
class in high school. He is manager of the Dramatic Club, and was 
president last year of the Junior class. Peattie is a son of Mr. and Mrs. 
Robert (Mrs. Elia) Peattie, of Chicago. Both Breed and Peattie are 
members of Alpha Delta Phi. The play will be given early in May, and 
will be managed by Howell Murray, '14, who was appointed on Novem- 
ber 20. Other appointrnents to the executive staff of the Blackfriars 



40 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE 

include Harold Wright, general costumer; Thomas Hollingsworth, 
property man; John Baker, chorus master. Murray was property man 
last year, and Wright was assistant costumer. The Blackfriars, as usual, 
expect to spend from $2,500 to $3,000 upon their production. 

President Edmund J. James, of the University of Illinois, who is 

chairman of the committee of selection of a Rhodes scholar for the state 

of Illinois, has just received word from Oxford, England, 

Rhodes ^ jj^ regard to the Rhodes Scholarship examinations held in 

_ . .• Chicago in October. Robert Valentine Merrill, Univer- 

Exanunations . ° . . . ' 

sity of Chicago, '14, passed the examinations in mathe- 
matics, Latin, and Greek, and Charles Conger Stewart, '14, passed the 
examinations in Latin and mathematics. Merrill is the captain of the 
fencing team and Stewart of the tennis team, and a member of Phi Beta 
Kappa. They were the only Illinois students to qualify. A successful 
examination does not insure the appointment of a candidate to a scholar- 
ship, inasmuch as only one scholar is selected in any one year. The state 
committee of selection will meet early in December to select a candidate. 
At that time the candidates who have passed the Oxford examinations 
this year, and those who have passed in previous years and are still 
eligible — ten men in all — will appear before the committee. The scholar 
chosen will begin work at Oxford in October, 19 13. 



THE NEW RYERSON LABORATORY 

When the Ryerson Physical Laboratory was built in 1893, it was 
hoped that at some future time a building might be added on the north 
for the machine shop. This hope has now been realized in a very satis- 
factory way. The addition which has just been completed, and con- 
nected with the main building by a corridor on the main floor, is sixty 
feet square and three stories high — a building which would make a fair 
physical laboratory in itself. Moreover, improvements are by no means 
confined to the addition. The first floor and basement of the old build- 
ing have been rebuilt to meet the increased demands of research. Not 
only the machine shop, but all of the heavy dynamos and motors, the 
liquid-air machine, etc., have been transferred to the new building, so 
that the main building is now practically free from all vibratory dis- 
turbances caused by the presence of heavy machinery — a matter of very 
great importance in nearly all lines of delicate research. 

The top floor of the addition is devoted to the laboratory work in 
elementary physics under Professor Mann. This floor occupies only the 
north half of the building, in order not to interfere with the lighting of 
the old building. 

On the second floor are a large laboratory thirty by sixty feet, for 
electrical testing, a small lecture room, a dark room, and the storage- 
battery room, in which two new sets of Edison storage batteries have 
been installed. Each set is composed of 108 cells, one of forty and the 
other of fifteen ampere capacity. The old set of zinc accumulators has 
been moved to this room. 

On the main floor are the students' workshop, the laboratory machine 
and instrument shop with stock rooms, the dynamo and motor room, the 
switchboard room, and a small electrical laboratory. All of the larger 
dynamos and motors of the laboratory have been placed in one room, 
and are connected on a large switchboard seven feet high and fifteen 
feet long, which has sixteen permanently mounted instruments, volt 
meters, ammeters, etc. The main switchboard room, immediately 
adjoining, contains two large boards with six additional instruments. 
By means of the main switchboard, seven feet high and sixteen feet long, 
any desired current may be sent either from the machines in the dynamo 
room or from the storage batteries on the second floor, to any room in 

41 



42 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE 

either building. The distributing board was designed by Professor 
Kinsley. 

In the basement of the annex a new ventilating system has been 
installed which supplies fresh air to all the rooms in both buildings. A 
large laboratory for general work, a high-temperature room and a low- 
temperature room, the carpenter shop, the liquid-air plant, and the 
carbon-dioxide cooling plant occupy the rest of the basement. The chief 
function of the cooling plant will be to control the temperature in two of 
the rooms in the basement of the old building. 

The changes in the old building have been extensive. The entire 
interior has been freshly painted, and rewired throughout, both for 
electric light and power circuits. An automatic freight elevator running 
from basement to attic is now in operation. An automatic telephone 
system connects all the rooms in both buildings. The basement floor 
has been lowered a foot and a half, and thus twelve new research rooms 
have been secured. These rooms are especially useful on account of 
their constancy of temperature and great stability. Three of the rooms 
have been lined on walls, floor, and ceiling with four inches of cork and 
provided with ice-box doors. They can be maintained at practically 
perfectly uniform temperature for an indefinite length of time. One of 
these rooms, at the west end of the basement, is kept at ordinary tem- 
peratures, and contains Professor Michelson's machines for the ruling of 
diffraction gratings. The other two are low-temperature rooms, to be 
kept, one at o° Fahrenheit and the other at o° Centigrade, by the carbon- 
dioxide cooling plant, and will be especially useful for some of Professor 
Millikan's work which requires not only constancy of temperature but 
air of extreme dryness. 

The rooms at the east end of the building, formerly occupied by the 
shop, the liquid-air plant, dynamos, etc., have been rebuilt and are now 
available for spectroscopic work. The concave grating, formerly on the 
third floor, has been installed there. To insure fire protection and 
increased stability the eighteen rooms of the first floor were rebuilt, the 
old wooden flooring was removed, and new maple floors laid on rein- 
forced concrete. 

By the remodeling of the basement and the addition of the new 
building the space available for research work has been approximately 
trebled. Relief from the crowded condition of the laboratory was 
imperative as research work was being seriously impeded. By the 
removal of the mathematics and astronomy library to the fourth floor, 
the large lecture room on the third floor, formerly occupied by the 



THE NEW RYERSON LABORATORY 43 

library, has been left free for classroom work. This room had become 
much too small for the departmental libraries, and the need of it as a 
lecture room has been urgent for several years. The new quarters 
should be of ample size to accommodate the library for years to come. 
Opening from it are two new offices for instructors in the Department 
of Mathematics. 

Although the Ryerson Laboratory, even with the addition, is not so 
large as the laboratories at some institutions where large numbers of 
engineering students receive instruction in elementary physics, it is safe 
to say that it is not excelled at any university, either in this country or 
abroad in the number and desirability of the rooms now available for 

physical research. 

Henry G. Gale '96 



A REVIEW OF THE FOOTBALL SEASON 



Oct. s 

Oct. 12 

Oct. 26 
Nov. 2 
Nov. 9 
Nov. 16 
Nov. 23 



Games won, 6, lost i, 



GAMES PLAYED 

Chicago, 13; Indiana, o 

Chicago, 34; Iowa, 14 

Chicago, 7; Purdue, o 

Chicago, 12; Wisconsin, 30 

Chicago, 3; Northwestern, o 

Chicago, 10; Illinois, o 

Chicago, 7; Minnesota, o 



Total points scored, Chicago 88, opponents 
44. Touchdowns, Chicago 12, opponents 6. Goals from field, Chicago 
2, opponents i. 

The following men received C's for their work: Re-enacted, Captain 
Carpenter, Canning, Fitzpatrick, Freeman, Kennedy, Lawler, Norgren, 
Paine, Pierce, Sellers, and Whiteside. New men, Coutchie, Des Jardiens, 
Gray, Harris, Huntington, Scanlan, Skinner, Smith, Vruwink. 

The Captain for 1913 is Nelson H. Norgren. 

The football season of 191 2 ends with the Conference ranking as 
follows: Wisconsin, Chicago, Minnesota, Purdue, Northwestern, 
Illinois, Iowa, Indiana. It has been on the whole a successful year, 
for Wisconsin, Purdue, and Northwestern ; a disappointment to Illinois, 
Iowa, and Indiana, and about what was expected for Chicago and 
Minnesota. 

On September 20, when practice began, Chicago depended on 
twelve veterans, including Captain Carpenter, Paine, Whiteside, Sellers, 
Freeman, Canning, and Lawler, who were playing their last season, 
and Norgren, Pierce, Harris, Kennedy, and Fitzpatrick in their second. 
The new men of most promise were Des Jardiens, Vruwink, Bennett, 
Smith, Scanlan, Skinner, Coutchie, Huntington, Baumgartner, Parker, 
and Gray. 

From the beginning of the practice four positions were practically 
decided — Captain Carpenter at tackle, Des Jardiens at center, Vruwink 
at end, and Norgren at halfback. Both guards, one tackle, and one end 
were wholly open to competition. Behind the line Paine had the lead 
for quarter, but Smith was expected to run him very close. Kennedy, 
Gray, and Coutchie were all men of whom much was hoped in the half- 
back positions, and Bennett was supposed to lead Pierce a trifle in the 
race for the fullback's place. 

44 



A REVIEW OF THE FOOTBALL SEASON 



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46 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE 

The first upset came in Bennett's withdrawal from college on the 
opening day, on account of parental objections to football; the second 
when Gray was discovered to be ineligible by reason of being upon 
probation. Bennett returned with his father's consent to play, a week 
later, but Gray was not removed from probation until after the four- 
week reports were in. To Bennett's absence that first week, in large 
part, may be ascribed the slow development of the eleven. For Mr. 
Stagg had made up his mind that Bennett was a very able player; 
when he came back on October 7, Mr. Stagg promptly shifted the whole 
back field to make room for him, though this shift necessitated doing 
a week's work all over again. Bennett, partly because of ignorance of 
the game, partly because of injury, played in the Iowa game in a most 
disappointing fashion. In the next week he was hurt once more, so 
severely that he could not again be used. Again, therefore, the back 
field had to be shifted, and more valuable time lost. As a result the 
team was nowhere near ready for Wisconsin, which was met so early 
as November 2. 

The first game of the year was with Indiana, on October 5. Chicago's 
lineup was as follows: left end, Vru wink; left tackle. Sellers ; left guard, 
Whiteside; center, Des Jardiens; right guard, Harris; right tackle, 
Carpenter; right end. Skinner; quarter, Paine; left half. Smith; right 
half, Norgren; full. Pierce. Skinner went in for Huntington ; Freeman 
for Harris; Scanlan for Sellers; Lawler for Paine; Fitzpatrick for Smith 
and then for Pierce, and Kennedy for Fitzpatrick. 

The game was a scramble, with the line playing weakly, and the 
back field uncertainly. Des Jardiens showed his ability to follow the 
ball and back up the line, and Norgren gave evidence of unusual power 
as a punter; otherwise the game was not notable. 

Iowa was defeated on the following^ Saturday, October 12. 

The line up was: left end, Vr^wink; left tackle. Sellers; left guard, 
Whiteside; center, Des Jardiens; righ: guard. Freeman; right tackle. 
Carpenter; right end, Hiintington; quarter, Paine; left half, Coutchie; 
right half, Norgren; fullback, Bennett. Skinner went in for Hunting- 
ton; Harris for Freeman ; Scanlan for Harris ; Fitzpatrick for Coutchie; 
Kennedy for Fitzpatrick; Pierce for Bennett. 

Chicago scored 13 points in the first quarter, and then proceeded 
to slump. On wide swinging end runs the Iowa halves gained almost 
at will for a time, and at the end of the third quarter Iowa led 14 to 13. 
At this point Pierce was substituted for Bennett, who had been doing 
nothing of importance, and the veteran promptly carried the ball for 



A REVIEW OF THE FOOTBALL SEASON 47 

three touchdowns in fifteen minutes. But again the general raggedness 
of Chicago's ofifense and the spasmodic nature of her defense were too 
plain. 

Purdue followed two weeks later, much heralded. Chicago lined 
up as follows: left end, Vruwink; left tackle, Sellers; left guard, White- 
side; center, Desjardiens; right guard, Harris; right tackle, Carpenter; 
right end, Huntington; quarter, Paine; left half, Coutchie; right half, 
Norgren; fullback, Pierce. Smith went in for Coutchie; Fitzpatrick 
for Smith, and Scanlan for Harris. 

Five minutes after the game began Vruwink blocked one of Purdue's 
punts, and fell on the ball so near Purdue's goal that a touchdown was 
easy. Sellers kicked the goal, and the crowd settled down in anticipa- 
tion of a big score. Thereafter for 55 minutes Purdue kept Chicago on 
the defensive, crowding her ever more closely, and when the final whistle 
blew, the Purdue men were prancing with eagerness on Chicago's eight 
yard line, a first down, and forty yards of steady gain behind them. 
Purdue might not have scored, but you will get few of her alumni to 
believe it. Clearly, though Chicago had won her first three games, she 
had not yet found herself. 

In the week that followed before the crucial game with Wisconsin, 
the drill was long and hard, and the men learned a good deal; but 
most of the work had to be on the attack, which had showed itself 
frightfully undeveloped. As a consequence, defense suffered. On 
November 2, the eleven went up to Madison, still inchoate. Gray was 
eligible, and all the others except Kennedy in good condition, however; 
so there was hope, in spite of Wisconsin's known strength. Chicago 
lined up: left end, Vruwink; left tackle. Sellers; left guard, Whiteside; 
center, Des Jardiens; right guard, Scanlan; right tackle. Carpenter; 
right end, Huntington; quarter, Paine; left half. Gray; right half, 
Norgren; fullback. Pierce. In the second half. Skinner went in for 
Huntington; Canning for Scanlan; Freeman for Canning; Smith for 
Paine, and Fitzpatrick for Norgren. 

The game was a nightmare to Chicago men. In the first half 
Wisconsin scored once, but the play was very even, and Chicago was 
learning Wisconsin's plays rapidly. Between halves Mr. Stagg was 
fairly confident that victory might perch upon the Maroon banners. 
But five minutes after the half began, while all was going well, Butler 
of Wisconsin, who throughout had played in a fashion to do no credit 
to the ethical standards of his Alma Mater, for the third time kicked 
Norgren viciously as they lay together on the ground. Norgren, 



48 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE 

(very naturally) struck at him, and was (very properly) disqualified, 
and Wisconsin given half the distance to the goal-line. Almost simul- 
taneously Vruwink, who had been playing an excellent game, suffered 
a double fracture of his jaw. He concealed the fact and played on, 
but much less effectively. These two misfortunes turned the scale. 
Chicago's defense, shaken and overanxious, became demoralized, and 
Wisconsin ran up a total of thirty points. The Chicago offense, Gray 
leading, succeeded in scoring twice, but the end was a severe defeat. 

As in the week following the Minnesota defeat last year, Chicago 
slumped again before the Northwestern game, which came upon Novem- 
ber 9. It was a tea-party. The line up for Chicago was: left end. 
Skinner; left tackle. Sellers; left guard, Harris; center, Des Jardiens; 
right guard, Scanlan; right tackle. Carpenter; right end, Huntington; 
quarter, Lawler; left half. Gray; right half, Norgren; fullback. Pierce, 
Smith alternated at quarter with Lawler. In second half Whiteside 
went in for Harris; in last quarter Fitzpatrick went in for Norgren. 

Paine's knee was hurt at Madison, and he was unable to hobble. 
Neither Smith nor Lawler showed much football sense, though Lawler 
ran back punts very well. The Chicago attack was absolutely futile; 
Norgren only showed any spirit. On one occasion, having the ball one 
yard from the goal-line on a touchdown, Lawler waited so long before 
deciding on the proper play that the referee penalized the team five 
yards. Gray being then given the ball gained four yards, but of course 
the ball was lost on downs, and Northwestern's goal was never sub- 
sequently threatened. Sellers however, came into the limelight by 
kicking a goal from placement prettily. 

Followers of the eleven would by this time have become completely 
discouraged but for one thing — the recollection of last season. It will 
-be remembered that after the crushing defeat by Minnesota, North- 
western completely outplayed Chicago, being defeated only by good 
luck, but that subsequently the team found itself, defeated Cornell — 
Wisconsin in successive games, and ended in a blare of trumpets; why 
not again, the University reasoned? All the next week rumors of 
effective practice were common; and when on Saturday the men faced 
Illinois at Champaign, a good game was looked for. Expectations 
were realized. The line up was: left end, Huntington; left tackle, 
Sellers; left guard, Whiteside; center, Des Jardiens; right guard, 
Scanlan; right tackle. Carpenter; right end. Skinner; quarter, Lawler; 
left half. Gray; right half, Norgren; fullback, Kennedy. At beginning 
of second half, Vruwink went in for Huntington; Pierce for Kennedy; 
in fourth quarter. Freeman went in for Sellers. 



A REVIEW OF THE FOOTBALL SEASON 49 

Right from the start Chicago played first-rate football. Lawler 
ran the team, in the first quarter, faster than any Chicago team has 
been run since 1905. He slowed a bit later, but the attack continued 
fine. Kennedy, who played through the first half, was a power. The 
defense was beautiful. Scanlan from guard and Skinner from end 
covered every one of Norgren's long punts to the complete discom- 
fiture of Silkman, the Illinois quarter, who had to catch them; and 
Norgren's tackling was the best the writer has seen by a Chicago player. 
The game was won by a long run by Norgren, and a succession of savage 
bucks by Kennedy. Later a long forward pass, Norgren to Vruwink, 
put the ball in position for a place kick, which Sellers neatly accom- 
plished. Illinois was never nearer than forty yards to Chicago's goal. 

Minnesota remained to be faced in the final game. She had beaten 
Iowa 54 to 6 and Illinois 13 to o, and lost to Wisconsin 14 to o. On 
comparative scores, therefore, she was superior. Moreover she was 
able to use Solem at tackle and Erdahl at half, who had been incapacitated 
at the time of the Wisconsin game. At the last moment, too, Paine, 
who had been saved for this his final contest, hurt his knee again, and 
could not play, and Sellers likewise was too lame to be used. Never- 
theless Chicago was confident. She was " coming." The result justified 
her confidence. The line up: left end, Vruwink; left tackle, Scanlan; 
left guard, Whiteside; center, Des Jardiens; right guard, Harris; 
right tackle. Carpenter; right end. Skinner; quarter, Lawler; left 
half, Gray; right half, Norgren; fullback, Kennedy. At end of first 
quarter Pierce went in for Kennedy. At beginning of second half, 
Harris and Whiteside changed places. 

The first half was absolutely barren of result, the ball resting both 
at the end of the quarter and at the end of the half, exactly in the middle 
of the field. Both teams gained well by hard complicated running 
plays; the forward pass being used only twice by each team, every 
time unsuccessfully. But Norgren was outpunting Shaughnessy ; and 
Chicago was playing fast and hard. At the beginning of the second 
half Norgren ran the kick-off back to the center of the field, and from 
that time till the end of the game, Minnesota never once had the ball 
in her possession in Chicago territory. Ten minutes after the start of 
the half Norgren dropped back and sent a 40-yard pass to Skinner, who 
went on to the Minnesota 25-yard line. Seven plays took the ball to 
the 2-yard line, fourth down. The Minnesota secondary defense 
gathered close for a buck. Fatal error ! Lawler shot Gray away round 
the end over the line; Des Jardiens and Harris broke through to inter- 
fere, and Gray swept back behind the posts again ; Lawler kicked an 



50 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE 

easy goal; the game was won, and again the season ended with a triumph. 
This was the first victory over Minnesota in four years, a college genera- 
tion, and was an especial satisfaction to Captain Carpenter and the 
other men who were playing their final game. 

Honors of the season go to the following men, and their number shows 
what an even team Chicago had: Carpenter, Scanlan, Sellers, Harris, 
Vruwink, Des Jardiens, and Skinner in the line; Norgren, Pierce, Paine, 
Gray, Kennedy, and Lawler behind it. Whiteside, considering every- 
thing, was not quite up to the form expected of him. Captain Carpenter 
was a disappointment up to the Illinois game; thence on he played 
beautifully. Sellers won the Northwestern game by his place kick. 
Scanlan played better and better; in the Illinois game he was the star 
of both lines, not excepting Des Jardiens. Harris came into his own 
in the Minnesota game; he shone there almost as brilliantly as Scanlan 
the week before, upsetting his men with consummate ease and following 
the ball everywhere. Skinner was hardly considered at the beginning, 
but both against Illinois and Minnesota he was the most useful end on 
the field — fast, stubborn, and cautious. But the greatest honors 
among the linemen go to Des Jardiens and Vruwink; Des Jardiens by 
far the best center in the west, and Vruwink, the headiest and nerviest 
end. To play twenty-five minutes with a fractured jaw without fear 
or hesitation, may be foolish, but is certainly notable, and John Vruwink's 
name is likely to be remembered for some years. 

Behind the line Paine in his final season, showed the same qualities 
that have always marked him. Off the field, boyish, humorous, a high- 
stand student; on the field, fierce, clever, eager — it was a bitter dis- 
appointment to him and his many friends that injuries should keep 
him out of the last two games for which he was eligible. Kennedy 
knows little football; on account of injuries, he has been in only eight 
scrimmages and part of five games in his two whole seasons. But he 
has one idea — to hit what he hits, hard. And when he hits, something 
generally gives away. Pierce is absolutely dependable, and on defense 
far better than Kennedy. Gray, in his first season, was the nearest 
to brilliance of any back field man; his writhing, sliding runs were very 
fine. Lawler is commented on elsewhere. Norgren, for his punting, 
his bucking, his forward passing, and his steady powerful defense was, 
with the possible exception of Des Jardiens, probably the most valuable 
man in the team. 

What of next year? There remain, in the line, Des Jardiens for 
center; Harris for guard; Scanlan, for tackle, and Vruwink, Skinner 



A REVIEW OF THE FOOTBALL SEASON $1 

and Huntington for ends. Behind the line are Norgren, Pierce, Kennedy, 
and Gray. Besides these, of this year's squad, Baumgartner, Smith, 
Coutchie, and Fitzpatrick are all valuable men; Bennett, who should 
be a wonder, may find himself, and Weil, two years fullback at Amherst, 
will be available. Of the freshmen, Hardinger, Presnell, ShuU, Schively, 
and Whiting in the line, and Russell, Moulton, Foote, and Acker behind 
it are good enough to push the 'varsity men very hard; not to mention 
Captain Stegeman, who is heavy enough for a tackle and fast enough 
for a half. Coach Page told the writer he would not trade the Freshman 
line this fall, even, for the 'varsity. That makes the outlook bright. 
On the other hand, except Norgren and Harris of the veterans, Coutchie, 
Baumgartner. and Fitzpatrick of the second string, and Weil of the 
new men, every one might get into trouble with his studies. So no 
man can tell what a year may bring forth. There is, however, no 
import duty on hope. 



THE UNIVERSITY RECORD 



The Orator for the December Convoca- 
Hon. — At the Eighty-fifth Convocation 
of the University, which will be held on 
Tuesday, December 17, in the Leon 
Mandel Assembly Hall, the Convocation 
orator will be Edwin Erie Sparks, Ph.D., 
LL.D., President of Pennsylvania State 
College . President Sparks was for twelve 
years a member of the Department of 
History at the University of Chicago 
and one of the most successful lecturers 
in the Extension Division of the Uni- 
versity. He is an alumnus of the Ohio 
State University, was a graduate student 
at Harvard, and received the degree of 
Doctor of Philosophy from the IJniver- 
sity of Chicago in 1900. He is the au- 
thor of Expansion of the American 
People, The Men Who Made the Na- 
tion, and Foundations of National Devel- 
opment. 

The University Orchestral Association. — 
The fourth season of the University 
Orchestral Association opened on Novem- 
ber 5, with a concert by the Theodore 
Thomas Orchestra, the program including 
Beethoven's Fourth Symphony, a violin- 
cello obligato by Bruno Steindel, a 
symphonic sketch by Director Frederick 
Stock, and the Mephisto Waltz by Listz. 
On October 29 the University organist, 
Mr. Robert W. Stevens, gave a lecture 
recital on the first concert program. 
Similar recitals will be given in advance 
of each concert. Full program notices 
also are published in the Daily Maroon 
on the Friday preceding each orchestral 
concert, the writer being Mr. Felix 
Borowski, the musical critic of the 
Record-Herald. Rudolph Ganz, the 
famous Swiss pianist, gave the first 
artist recital in the series of concerts 
on November 27. The audience was 
large and showed its appreciation by 
recalUng the artist six times after his 
interpretation of Chopin's Polonnaise. 
Schumann, Beethoven, and Listz were 
also represented on the program, and Mr. 
Ganz played two of his own compositions. 
The third concert of the series was given 
by the Theodore Thomas Orchestra on 
December 10. On January 21 Eugene 



Ysaye will give a violin recital and on 
March 11 Alice Nielsen will give a song 
recital. Although the concerts are main- 
tained primarily for the students of the 
University there is a growing demand 
from the general public for tickets. So 
far more than a thousand season tickets 
have been sold, and in addition about 
one hundred and fifty special admissions 
were sold for the Ganz recital, fifty of the 
seats being on the stage. 

Change in editorship of "The Biblical 
World." — Dean Shailer Mathews, of 
the Divinity School, who was for eight 
years editor of the World To-day, assumes 
the editorial management of the Biblical 
World with the issue of January, 1913. 
Professor Ernest D. Burton, head of the 
Department of Biblical and Patristic 
Greek, has been the editor-in-chief 
since the death of Professor William R. 
Harper, who founded the magazine. 
For thirty years the Biblical World 
has been the exponent of progressive 
religious thought, and in the announce- 
ment for the ensuing year the new editor 
says that the magazine will stand for the 
church at work quite as much as the 
church at study and for contemporary 
religious interests as well as for biblical 
study. One of the special series for the 
new year is in preparation by Professor 
Charles R. Henderson, now in India as 
the Barrows lecturer for the University 
of Chicago; and Professor Mathews him- 
self will contribute a series on "The Con- 
test between the Natural and the 
Spiritual Worlds as Seen in the Fourth 
Gospel." Special editors will present 
each month the most important current 
work in religious education, in social 
settlements, mission fields, and biblical 
science. 

President Harry Pratt Judson attended 
the recent meeting of the General Educa- 
tion Board in New York City, when con- 
ditional appropriations of $455,000 were 
made by the Board to the following 
institutions: Baker University, Kansas; 
Central College, Missouri; Lawrence 
College, Wisconsin; Mississippi College; 



52 



THE UNIVERSITY RECORD 



53 



University of Denver; and Penn School, 
South Carolina. At the celebration 
of Yorktown Day at the Hotel La Salle, 
Chicago, by the Sons of the American 
Revolution, President Judson discussed 
the subject of "The United States and 
Foreign Relations," and on November 
22 he spoke at the Grand Pacific Hotel 
before the University of Wisconsin 
Alumni Club on the subject, "Are There 
Too Many Universities?" 

Professor Paul Shorey, head of the 
Department of Greek, began a series of 
lectures on November 14 before the 
Washington University Association in 
St. Louis, the subjects of the lectures 
being "The Case of Euripides," "Aris- 
tophanes," and "Athens Fin de SiScle." 
Other lecturers in the course are Pro- 
fessor Nathaniel Schmidt, of Cornell 
University, and Professor George Burton 
Adams, of Yale University. 

In a recent address before the Minne- 
sota Pathological Society Professor Lud- 
wig Hektoen, head of the Department 
of Pathology and Bacteriology, dis- 
cussed the epidemics traceable to con- 
tamination of milk with streptococci, 
particularly the epidemic of sore throat 
m Chicago last winter which involved not 
less than 10,000 cases and was traced to 
contamination of a definite milk supply. 
Dr. Hektoen's conclusion was that the 
only safeguard against contamination 
of milk with streptococci and other dis- 
ease-producing bacteria is pasteurization 
according to approved methods. 

Professor Robert A. Millikan, of the 
Department of Physics, who recently 
presented papers before the Deutsche 
Physikalische Gesellschaft in Berlin and 
the Dundee meeting of the British Associ- 
ation for the Advancement of Science, 
gave the annual Sigma Xi address at the 
University of Kansas in November and 
also an address before the Kansas State 
Teachers Association in Topeka on the 
subject of " Recent Discoveries in Physics 
and Chemistry." 

The Department of Philosophy, after 
eight years in the Law Building in con- 
nection with the history and social 
science departments, is now permanently 
established on the fifth floor of the West 
Tower of the Harper Memorial Library. 
The new quarters include three offices 



for the staff, a seminar room which can 
be used as a conversation room when 
not needed for the meeting of the seminar, 
and an especially attractive graduate 
reading and study room. The books of 
the department are now all shelved in this 
room, and for the first time the depart- 
ment feels itself adequately housed. 

In the Department of Geology Albert 
Dudley Brokaw has been made an 
Instructor in Mineralogy and Economic 
Geology; Associate- Professor Stuart 
Weller has recently been doing field- 
work for the Illinois Geological Survey; 
Assistant Professor Albert Johannsen is 
completing a textbook on Petrographic 
Method; and Mr. Leonard G. Donnelly 
is finishing a report on the physiography 
of the lower Kaskaskia Valley to be 
published as an educational bulletin by 
the Illinois Geographical Survey. 

The Reynolds Club has enrolled for the 
Autumn Quarter of 191 2 the largest 
membership in its history — 559 regular 
members and 198 associate members, a 
total of 757. The club is under the con- 
trol of an executive council of five 
officers elected annually by the active 
members, and two members of the 
Faculty appointed by the University 
Board of Student Organizations. Any 
officer of the University, or former mem- 
ber thereof, is eligible to associate 
membership in the club. 

At a recent meeting of the Blackfriars 
a new departure was made by electing 
to membership three of the Faculty, in 
recognition of what they have done for 
several years in promoting the success 
of the organization. The new faculty 
members are Associate Professor James 
W. Linn, and Assistant Professors David 
A. Robertson, and Percy H. Boynton, 
who are all connected with the Depart- 
ment of English and have given long 
service as judges and critics of new plays. 
They were among the judges that passed 
on the six comic operas recently sub- 
mitted in competition. 

Graduate students in the Department 
of Botany have received the following 
appointments from other institutions for 
the present year: Joseph S. Caldwell, 
Fellow in the Department, to be professor 
of botany at the Alabama Polytech- 
nic Institute; Charles A. ShuU, to be 



54 



THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE 



assistant professor of plant physiology 
at the University of Kansas; Ansel F. 
Hemenway, to be professor of biology 
at Transylvania University, Kentucky; 
Claude W. Allee, to be instructor in plant 
physiology at the University of Illinois; 
Norma E. Pfeiffer, to be instructor in 
botany at the University of North 
Dakota; and Rachel E. Hoffstadt, to be 
instructor in charge of biology at Marshall 
College, West Virginia. 

Zonia Baber, Associate Professor of 
the Teaching of Geography and Geology, 
advocated at a recent meeting of the 
Chicago Geographical Society, the per- 
manent reservation of four notable 
physical formations in the immediate 
vicinity of Chicago — Stony Island, a 
ravine on the North Shore, Rock Canyon 
at the Sag, and the dunes at Dune Park, 
Indiana. 

A new appointment in the Department 
of Pathology and Bacteriology is that 
of Dr. Frank K. Bartlett, who is a gradu- 
ate of Rush Medical College and also of 
the University of Chicago. The chief 
work of investigation in the Department 
is now being conducted by members of 
the Sprague Memorial Institute staff, 
who are also members of the Depart- 
ment, and concerns the chemical phases 
of tuberculosis. 

The gold bar of Menes, stolen from the 
Haskell Oriental Museum last February, 
has been recovered through a private 
detective, by whom it is reported to have 
been discovered buried on Fifty-sixth 
Street, just north of Marshall Field. 
Menes was the first Pharaoh of United 
Egypt and began to reign about 3400 B.C. 
The bar bore the name of Menes beauti- 
fully engraved in clear-cut hieroglyphics, 
although as an ornament its exact purpose 
is unknown. When returned to the 
University, the inscription had been com- 
pletely hacked out, largely destroying 
the value of the ancient relic. It was 
the oldest piece of dated and inscribed 
jewelry in the world. The thief was 
convicted on finger-print evidence. 

John Merle Coulter, head of the 
Department of Botany, recently gave 
the annual college-day address at the 
Western College for Women in Oxford, 
Ohio, and assisted at the laying of the 
cornerstone of the new gymnasium. Pro- 



fessor Coulter also is giving before the 
College Endowment Association in Mil- 
waukee, Wis., a series of scientific 
lectures, the subject of the first being 
"The Evolution of Sex." 

During the month of October James 
Henry Breasted, Professor of Egyp- 
tology and Oriental History, continued 
his series of lectures on the new founda- 
tion in the history of art established at 
Brown University by General Rush C. 
Hawkins. Professor Breasted had opened 
this new lectureship last March and will 
further continue it next March. In con- 
nection with the eastern trip recently 
completed, he also lectured at Vassar on 
the University of Chicago Expedition to 
the Soudan, and at Wells College on the 
"Origin of Religious Ritual." 

Professor Israel Abrahams, of Cam- 
bridge University, England, gave at 
the University in November a series 
of lectures on the subject of "Talmudic 
Material on the New Testament." 
Professor Abrahams is a reader of 
Rabbinics at Cambridge and is regarded 
as an authority in that field of scholar- 
ship. He is the author of Jewish Life in 
the Middle Ages and also of Chapters 
on Jewish Literature. Receptions were 
given in his honor by Mr. Julius Rosen- 
wald, a trustee of the University, and 
by the Divinity Conference at the 
Quadrangle Club. 

Charles Scribner's Sons announce for 
publication in the near future a com- 
panion volume to "The Essentials of 
English Composition," by Associate 
Professor James W. Linn of the Depart- 
ment of English. The new volume will 
consist of selections from English and 
American literature designed to illus- 
trate the four chief forms of prose — 
description, narration, exposition, and 
argument. 

Professor John M. Manly, head of 
the Department of English, has recently 
contributed a biographical introduction 
to the two volumes of Poems and Plays 
by William Vaughn Moody, published 
by the Houghton Mifflin Company. 
Mr. Moody, author of The Great Divide 
and The Faith Healer, was formerly 
Assistant Professor of English at the 
University of Chicago. 



THE UNIVERSITY RECORD 



55 



Recent contributions by members of 
the Faculties to the journals published 
by the University of Chicago Press: 

Atwood, Associate Professor Wallace 
W.: "Some Triassic Fossils from South- 
eastern Alaska," Journal of Geology, 
October-November. 

Baskervill, Assistant Professor Charles 
R.: "Sidney's Arcadia and The Tryall of 
Chevalry, Modern Philology, October. 

Chamberlain, Associate Professor 
Charles J.: "Two Species of Bowenia" 
(contributions from the Hull Botanical 
Laboratory 162), with four figures, 
Botanical Gazette, November. 

Dargan, Assistant Professor E. Pres- 
ton: "Shakespeare and Ducis," Modcrw 
Philology, October. 

Fuller, George D.: "Evaporation and 
the Stratification of Vegetation," Botani- 
cal Gazette, November. 

Judd, Professor Charles H.: Studies in 
Principles of Education, VI. "Initiative 
or the Discovery of Problems," Eie- 
mentary School Teacher, November. 

Leavitt,. Associate Professor Frank 
M.: "Some Sociological Phases of the 
Movement for Industrial Education," 
American Journal of Sociology, November. 

Mathews, Professor Shailer: "The 
Social Origin of Theology," American 
Journal of Sociology, November. 

Slocum, Assistant Professor Frederick: 
"The Attraction of Sun-Spots for Promi- 
nences " (with three plates) , A strophysical 
Journal, November. 

Smith, Associate Professor Gerald B.: 
"The Function of a Critical Theology," 
Biblical World, November. 

Recent addresses by members of the 
Faculties include: 

Atwood, Associate Professor Wallace 
W.: "Alaska and Its People," meeting 
of public school teachers, Lake Forest, 
111., November 6. 

Boynton, Assistant Professor Percy H.: 
"What Literature Ofifers to the General 



Reader," Chicago Hebrew Institute, 
November 20. 

Butler, Professor Nathaniel: Address 
before the Logan County (111.) Teachers' 
Association, November 29; "Aims and 
Methods in the Study of Literature," 
Chicago Hebrew Institute, November i. 

Coulter, Professor John M.: "Plant 
Breeding," Fullerton Hall, Art Institute, 
Chicago, November 9. 

David, Assistant Professor Henri C. E. : 
"Victor Hugo et les Enfants," address at 
formal opening of -the French Club of 
Evanston, October 14. 

Goode, Associate Professor J. Paul: 
"America in the Philippines," West 
End Woman's Club, November 9. 

Judd, Professor Charles H. : " Develop- 
ment of Initiative in the Child," Teachers 
Federation, South Bend, Ind., November 
21. 

Leavitt, Associate Professor Frank 
M.: "Vocational Training in the Public 
Schools," High School Conference, 
Urbana, 111., November 21. 

Linn, Associate Professor James W.: 
"Heroes, Heroines, and Marriage," 
Chicago Hebrew Institute, November 13. 

Moulton, Professor Forest R.: "The 
Starry Heavens," City Club, Chicago, 
November 13; "The Solar System," 
Evansville, Ind., November 22. 

Moulton, Professor Richard G.: "The 
Book of Job," Temple Emanuel, Chi- 
cago, November 27. 

Shepardson, Associate Professor Fran- 
cis W.: "The Challenge of the City," 
South Side Business Men's Association, 
Chicago, November 21. 

Scares, Professor Theodore G.: 
"Young People's Contribution to Civic 
Welfare," City Welfare Exhibit, John 
Marshall High School, Chicago, Novem- 
ber 21. 

Terry, Professor Benjamin: "The 
Educated Man and Business," Associa- 
tion of Commerce, Grand Rapids, Mich., 
November 20. 



FROM THE LETTER-BOX 



To the Editor: 

It begins to look from this distance as 
if the alumni were really getting a jump 
on themselves, and I am for giving them 
a boost. Please ask the authors of 
the addresses and "contributions to 
knowledge," who have been crowding 
the Magazine heretofore,' to get their 
articles printed separately if they desire 
the alumni to have them. I believe all 
the fellows would like what I want in 
the Magazine — a sort of chatty, newsy 
write-up of what is going on at the Uni- 
versity, as well as more of the personal 
paragraphs so we can know what other 
fellows are doing around the country. 
If you can line up this sort of thing for 
us we will rise up and call you blessed, 
and send in more subscriptions, and 
spread the glad tidings to the other fellows 
who think the Magazine is still running 
in the old rut. But if you do not, we 
shall likely take a run into Chicago and 
call you damned, and stop the paper. 

I started this for a formal letter telling 
you to put me on the subscription list, 
and I find that it has become a sort of 
regulation kick from the old subscriber. 
That is not what it is meant to be. I am 
just trying feebly to point out that what 
we fellows away from the U want is to 
know what you fellows at the U are talking 
about and laughing about and swearing 
about. We want a campus reporter who 
will tell us the "inside" news about who 
is the "goat" and who is the "Prominent 
Citizen" when the Magazine gets into 
print each month. 

Regards to all, dear editor, from Prex 
to the slave you announce you have in 
your office, and best wishes for a bully 
result. Do not, by the way, overlook 
that idea of President Judson's for 
another reunion for the twenty-fifth 
anniversary. We all had a good time 
at Brent Vaughan's Party, and we want 
another, and you can bet that the next 
one will be bigger than his, because the 
fellows who did not go are swearing at 
their luck. i 

Sincerely, 
Henry M. Adkinson, '96 



To the Editor: 

May a pious lay brother raise his voice 
in defense against the profane words 
hurled against the Cloister of the Black- 
friars? Perhaps the writer is too far 
away to judge first hand and again per- 
haps he has too recently doffed the cowl 
to be unprejudiced. At least let him 
venture an opinion. 

I am no skilled disputer to answer 
point for point Mr. Pfeffer's attack and 
if I be fair I must admit that something 
of the world has entered the sacred por- 
tals — a specialization that looks a bit 
away from the amateur and seeks for 
an unholy perfectness. But let me say 
that this is but a reflection from the 
tendency of the age and will destroy 
itself in the heat of its own fire. I cannot 
defend it but I think I can ignore it. 

Says the Reformer: ". . . . the 
grueling, nerve-straining work [of re- 
hearsal] interferes with the legitimate 
business of the college student." I would 
answer this by saying from experience 
that as hard as the work is, it is not harm- 
ful and that the eligibility rule takes 
care of the studies. Further might I 
mention a certain congenial minimum 
that remains a constant quantity in the 
student's book work. This congenial 
minimum is a sum of required plus de- 
sired. The desired is proportional to 
the amount of personal interest awakened 
by subject and professor. When the 
desired passes a certain point it auto- 
matically excludes the Blackfriars, foot- 
ball, and other harmless joys — valuable 
joys. 

Why valuable? Oh, because. Look 
here, Mr. Reformer. You know the 
Blackfriars and the Settlement dance 
are the two best single institutions in the 
University, because they teach you the 
fact that you are a brother, with a 
brother's love, in a family, with a family's 
responsibilities, and not a selfish "I," or 
worse, a conceited "we." And, too, the 
man who earns his way to Friarhood 
with hand or foot is no honor-grabber. 
They take easier ways. He's there for 
the game and he's bound to learn. 



56 



FROM THE LETTER-BOX 



57 



Also. From what police-suppressed 
literature did you conjure up that ugly 
illusion regarding men in women's dress ? 
Honi soil in the first place and then re- 
member that a healthy mind won't be 
affected any more by a braided wig than 
a healthy rib by three nights in a tight 
corset. Granting the worst, fellows are 
the harshest judges of fellows and the 
campus atmosphere is a pretty clean 
filter — in America at least. 

The characterization of the shows 
themselves, "that Cohan stuff," was a 
little rough. I am prejudiced of course, 
but you, Mr. Alumnus-who-knows, don't 
you think the Reformer got his "dope" 
from the La Salle instead of Mandel ? 

And you, who have danced or type- 
written your way into membership, with 
me, haven't you gathered some memo- 
ries, didn't you make some friends that 
you couldn't have made on the "C" 
bench or at the Score Club, and all in 
all didn't you have a dam good time 
and no hang-over? 

Pfeffer, you led a wild life yourself in 
college. How many times have you 
refused to have an ice-cream soda and 
a pretzel with me after rehearsal because 
you were chained to a galley? And we 
are both living. 

No. Let the Holy Brothers go their 
way. If they reward honest effort and 
use the blue pencil a little, the deans will 
do the rest and the neophytes will come 
out at worst with a few sore toes and a 
lot of healthy fellowship. Prosit! 

A Blackfriar AirraoE 

To the Editor: 

The letter of B. I. Bell, '07, in the 
November issue of the Magazine will, 
I hope, raise up defenders of Alma Mater. 
For my part, I want merely to match 
up Mr. Bell's experience with my own 
from two points of view; as an Alumna 
and as a teacher. 

First, whether or not Mr. Bell's feel- 
ings and statements represent truly the 
attitude of the men toward the Uni- 
versity, I may say that from my own 
observations they do not represent the 
attitude of the women. But I do not 
believe Mr. Bell does justice to "nine out 
of ten of the graduates" of all sorts and 
conditions, men and women; at least his 
ten and mine do not overlap. 

As an alumna, I feel that at two points 
Mr. Bell's generalizations are unfair to 
the student body as a whole: in his in- 



sistence on their sense of the undue 
indifference of the faculty to the indi- 
vidual student, and in his assertion that 
in general the students are unduly 
indifferent to their work — that "their 
hearts are in the wrong place." 

Mr. Bell admits that he himself found 
two of the faculty discriminating enough 
to teach him. Many of us are grateful 
for the genial genius of that "one in 
the English department" or "the other 
who taught mathematics"; but I believe 
that in other cases, students, discerning 
enough to choose individual instructors, 
"not merely stereotyped things" called 
members of the faculty, usually dis- 
covered in their work something more 
than "a dry routine matter, nearly 
unrelated to their own innermost thoughts 
and feelings." .^s to the instructors who 
lectured to classes as to " a mass of people 
who paid fees," my own recollection of 
the tone and make-up of certain required 
courses goes far to justify such an analy- 
sis on the part of the instructor. .And 
the dean, with his "two hundred callow 
youths to minister to" — Mr. Bell him- 
self is moved to pity his intolerable 
plight! 

Furthermore, as we balance the value 
we have received from the University of 
Chicago with the indebtedness others 
acknowledge to other institutions, many 
of us realize that though we have not had 
the benefit of the ultra-paternalism — or 
maternalism — characteristic of the so- 
licitous guidance of smaller institutions, 
yet we have learned to stand upon our 
own feet, to expect judgment upon 
results and not upon intentions; in 
other words, to live the life of the world 
and accustom ourselves to its criteria, 
and not to prepare to live through a 
period of idealistic isolation from real 
life. 

Mr. Bell must admit that in all pro- 
fessions there is diversity of gifts; in 
the ministry he must find that the 
genius of the preacher and the genius of 
the pastor are rarely united in one man. 
So in the teaching profession, we do not 
often find together the zeal of the mis- 
sionary and the erudition of the scholar. 
The man combining the two is one of 
the great teachers of the time, we are 
lucky if we meet one or two such and 
should be thankful. But many students, 
asking less than perfection in an in- 
structor, value the ?eal when they find 
it, and yet profit by the erudition also. 



58 



THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE 



Not all would accept the definition 
Mr. Bell implies of the "Things real, 
Things interesting " for which collegians 
strove. A large number of students can 
become interested in beauties of matter 
and method though presented by the 
most impersonal of scholars, and can 
go on to follow up pleasantly by them- 
selves interests started in the classroom. 
But possibly such students fall into the 
subnormal class which Mr. Bell charac- 
terizes as "warped bookworms"! 

Finally, as a teacher, I cannot refrain 
from one more suggestion: that the 
position of an instructor as a conspicuous 
object for attack by an army of young 
egoists — for every student is inevitably 
an egoist, be he a high-school Freshman 
or a prospective Ph.D. — certainly justifies 
a resort at times to desperate measures 
of self-defense. The story of the head 
of a department who was refused admis- 
sion at the door of a new colleague by a 
vigilant maid with the statement that 

"Professor • is not at home to 

students" is not necessarily indicative 
of a hostile, snobbish attitude on the 
part of the faculty toward the students; 



rather it might suggest the weary despera- 
tion of a man forearmed only after 
suffering many unmitigated assaults 
from a persistent opponent. 

As a mathematical proposition, how 
much time can an instructor give to 
each of one hundred and fifty students 
when he teaches eight or ten hours a 
week, serves as dean, acts on various 
committees, takes part in civic and 
social activities in the town, and devotes 
adequate time to professional study? 
Time and strength are both limited, and 
only one who has known what it often 
means to be cornered in a quiet retreat 
in the library to be detained in the book- 
store, to be waylaid in the hall, to be 
called to the door or telephone from the 
dinner-table, to be buttonholed at the 
intermission of a concert, by voracious 
students, frequently demanding not so 
much information as personal favors, 
can understand the desperate satiation 
which drives an instructor to retreat to 
the last ditches of indifference, and to 
throw up impenetrable earthworks of 
impersonality. 

Helen Sard Hughes, 'io 



ALUMNI AFFAIRS 



The Chicago Alumni Club. — The annual 
football dinner of the club was held at 
the University Club on the evening of 
Wednesday, November 20. About 125 
were present, including Mr. Stagg and 
the football squad. The speaking was 
begun by Brent Vaughan, '97, who, big 
with epigram, could not wait to be intro- 
duced before delivering himself of the 
statement that in his judgment Mr. Stagg 
was the gentleman who had kicked the 
stern from Northwestern and the noise 
out of Illinois, and had, moreover, put the 
go in Chicago. Amid ironical cheers he 
sat down, and President Richberg then 
brought the speakers of the evening to 
the attention of the diners. J. W. Linn, 
'97, read a hopelessly original poem, 
beginning as follows: 
When I read the announcement sent out for 

this dinner 
I chortled with joy; 'twould be doubtless a 

winner 
That moment ecstatic, when old stars now 

rheumatic, 
No longer dynamic, round-bellied and static. 
Lived over the days of their former achieve- 
ments. 
Resulting so often in mournful bereavements 
Of excellent families whose scions they 

hurled 
With a crash to the gridiron, dead, dead to the 

world! 
We'd badger the Badgers, and go for the 

Gophers. 
These boys of the present would seem like 

mere loafers 
Compared with the players who once tied the 

can 
So often and firmly on dear Michigan! 
Phil Allen would tell of the moment historic 
When, filled with caloric, as bold as a Warwick 
He blocked with his face the fierce punt of 

Van Doozer 
That Evanston bruiser, whose sinews and 

thews were 
The object of awe all along the northshore. 
And fell on the ball for a touchdown, begorl 

At this point it wandered into the 
quicksands of reminiscence, and was 
lost. The real business of the evening 
followed — "Famous Moments of For- 
gotten Games," by Hamill, '98, Gale, 
'96, Speed, '00, Norman Anderson, '02, 
Herschberger, '98, and Phil Allen, '95. 
All were interesting, but that lineal 



descendant of Sapphira, Dr. Allen, 
carried off the honors with a tale of how 
in the Western Reserv^e game at Cleve- 
land he swam over the goal-line carrying 
the ball in his teeth. Following the 
reminiscences, the squad were introduced 
one by one to the alumni, and Mr. Stagg 
then spoke briefly, hinting at an occa- 
sional mood of discouragement, but say- 
ing emphatically that he had no intention 
of dropping his work. The feature of 
the dinner was as usual the "Yearly 
Buffoon" — this time an "election extra" 
with a list of candidates recommended 
for various offices, and their advertise- 
ments. As examples of these "recom- 
mendations" the following may be noted: 

Our Campaign Motto: "Let the 
people drool." 

Vote for Charles F. Roby for Surveyor, 
"One of the best linemen Chicago ever 
had. He laid out lots on Marshall Field 
way back in 1895." 

"Dotty Doc Hamill for Coroner. 
Formerly a resident of Dunning and 
highly spoken of by those who knew 
him there." 

"For Assessors, Harold H. Swift and 
Percy B. Eckhart. Every Reginald and 
Aubrey in the community should vote 
for Harold and Percy." 

The Chicago Alumnae Club. — Chicago 
is about to have an employment bureau 
for college women. It should be of 
especial interest to University of Chicago 
women. New York, Philadelphia, and 
Boston have somewhat similar bureaus 
but the local plan is being worked out 
independently. The name is the Chicago 
Collegiate Bureau of Occupations. 

The immediate purpose of this bureau 
is to secure remunerative employment 
for college-trained women — particularly 
in non- teaching lines. Its more general 
and its real purpose is to investigate and 
to develop opportunities for trained 
women, to broaden the field of remunera- 
tive employment for them, and to in- 
crease their efficiency in such employment. 
It is planned to use the accomplish- 
ment of the immediate purpose as the 
tool for the accomplishment of the more 
general one; to learn what particular 



59 



6o 



THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE 



training and what particular ability is 
especially needful in each kind of work; to 
learn of the opportunity for advancement 
or promotion and what work leads well 
to what other; to consider carefully the 
training and the ability of each woman 
to be placed in a position and the progress 
of each one already put at work and 
always to select very carefully the work 
for the woman and the woman for the 
work; further to advise with college 
students and others concerning the facts 
learned and the conclusions drawn. 
This is very close to the work which 
social workers have been doing for the 
boy and the girl leaving grade school 
and which they have called vocational 
counseling. The college women are 
putting into practice for themselves the 
principles which they have been preach- 
ing for others. 

The organization which is to accom- 
plish these results consists of represen- 
tatives from each of the alumnae clubs 
in the city of Chicago. Thus a local 
group of women from each college bears 
a share of the responsibility. It is hoped 
ultimately to make the bureau pay for 
itself and no more, but the work is begun 
upon donated money, raised by these 
co-operating organizations, as they are 
called, and for all time the services of 
everyone except the members of the office 
force are to be voluntary. Women from 
nine co-operating organizations have 
been working for some time and at 
present other organizations also are 
planning to help. The Chicago Alumnae 
Club of the University of Chicago has 
been actively interested from the begin- 
ning. It feels that it should bear an 
especial share of the burden, because 
women from our university must by 
mere force of geography be the especial 
beneficiaries. 

The local alumnae club wishes all of 
the graduates of the University to know 
of its new work. It sincerely hopes and 
believes that it is rendering a permanent 
service to the alumnae and to the Uni- 
versity as well and it earnestly asks the 
interest and the assistance of the whole 
past and present University. 

Shirley Faer, '04 
Alice Greenacre, '08 

Des Moines Alumni Club. — The Club 
on November 18 entertained at dinner, 
Miss Ella Flagg Young, '00, superin- 
tendent of schools of Chicago, who made 



the principal address on the dedication 
of the East High School building. An 
account of the dinner will appear in the 
next issue of the Magazine. 

News from the Classes. — 



J. E. Raycroft published on October 30 
in the Princeton Alumni Weekly, an 
article concerning the Department of 
Hygienic and Physical Education, of 
which he has been in charge at Princeton 
for two years. Among other things, he 
has abolished fees for the use of tennis 
courts! 

ex- I 896 

Mrs. Slawka Grouitch (Mabel G. 
Dun lop), wife of the Servian minister to 
England, has been put in charge of the 
American headquarters of the Servian 
Red Cross Society. She is endeavoring 
to raise a fund of $100,000 for the relief 
of the Servian wounded. 



John F. Hagey of the First National 
Bank of Chicago, urged upon the Chicago 
Association of Commerce at its annual 
meeting, the passage of a Federal law to 
safeguard the securities now offered for 
loans by railroad bills of lading. 

1903 

J. A. Gladstone Dowie was ordained 
on November 3, as a deacon of the 
Episcopal Church. He will assist Rev. 
Herman Page of St. Paul's Church in 
Kenwood. 

1908 

Miss A. Evelyn Newman continues as 
graduate secretary of the Studio Club, 
35 East 62d St., New York City. 

1909 
S. S. Visher has collaborated with 
Professor E. C. Perisho, '95, S.M., in a 
Geography of South Dakota, published by 
Rand, McNally & Co. Both are mem- 
bers of the department of geology of the 
University of South Dakota. Professor 
Perisho has been dean of the college of 
arts and sciences and state geologist for 
some years. Mr. Visher became an 
instructor in the University of South 
Dakota in 1910 and has been most of 
four summers in fieldwork in all parts 
of South Dakota for the State Survey. 
He expects to return to the university 
for further graduate work. 



ALUMNI AFFAIRS 



6i 



1910 

Francesco Ventresca is assistant pro- 
fessor of modern languages at the State 
College of Washington, Pulhnan, Wash. 

1911 

Henry T. Louthan, A.M., is professor 
and head of the department of history, 
in Mercer University, Macon, Ga. 

Myra G. Reed is on the editorial staff 
of McCaWs Magazine. Her address is 
257 West Eighty-sixth Street, New York 
City. 

Marriages. — 

'o3-'o5. Hay ward Dare Warner to 
Grace Kendall McKibben, '05, on October 
22, 191 2, in Seattle, Wash. Mr. Warner 
is a member of Beta Theta Pi fraternity, 
and a former University Marshal. He 
is now in business in Denver as an assayer 
and chemist. Mr. and Mrs. Warner 
will make their home at 1347 Steele St., 
Denver, Colo. 

'05. Clara L. Primm to George 
Douglas Byers of the American Presby- 
terian Mission in Haiuan, on July 16, at 
Shanghai. Their address will be Kiung- 
chow. Island of Haiuan, China. 

'07-' 10. Sanford .\. Lyon to Helen 
Peck, '10, in December last, at Lake 
Forest, 111. Mr. and Mrs. Lyon's address 
is 200 Colman Bldg., Seattle, Wash. 

'08. Robert Lincoln Kelley, to Leona 
Blanche Raser of Chicago, November 6. 
At home, Pierre, S.D. 

'10. Charles William Barton to Violet 
Hullinger, on Nov. 27. Their address 
will be 6607 Randolph St., Oak Park, 



111. Barton is a member of Alpha Delta 
Phi. 

Members of the University have 
received announcements of the marriage 
on November 4, of Dr. Ernest W. 
Parsons, Ph.D. '12, to Miss Frances 
Lyda Paisey of Burlington, Ontaria. 
Dr. Parsons, who received the degree 
of Ph.D. summa cum laude in the Uni- 
versity last June, was the third to receive 
that honor in the Divinity School. He 
has recently accepted the pastorate of 
the First Baptist Church of Saskatoon, 
Saskatchewan. While in residence at 
the University the last four years he 
took active part in the work of the 
Divinity School, and served as secretary 
of the New Testament Club last year. 

'12. John Henry McLean, to Ida E. A. 
Waitt of Dorchester, Mass., September 19. 



Deaths. — 

'02. Wilbur Condit Gross, died on 
November 30, after a lingering illness of 
many months. 

Wilbur Gross was born in Chicago 
January 18, 1879 and graduated from the 
Englewood High School in 1897. The 
following year he entered the University 
of Michigan where he continued for two 
years until 1900, when he entered the 
University of Chicago. In 1902 he was 
graduated with the degree of A.B. and 
has been until recently associated with 
his father in the wall safe business. 
Wilbur Gross was a member of Beta 
Theta Pi Fraternity. He was a brother 
of Florence and Helen Gross. He is 
survived by a wife (Morgia Stough, '08) 
and one child, Peter, three years of age. 



THE ASSOCIATION OF DOCTORS OF PHILOSOPHY 



C. A. Shull, '04, has been appointed 
to professorship in plant physiology 
in the University of Kansas. 

C. W. Allee, '12, has been appointed 
to an instructorship in plant physiology 
in the University of Illinois. 

At Ohio State University numerous 
promotions have recently been made 
including that of R. F. Earhart, '00, to 
a full professorship in physics. 

Why Go to College? is the title of an 
exceedingly neat little pamphlet of 
75 pages, compiled by G. F. Reynolds, 
'05, professor of English and rhetoric at 
the University of Montana. 

Mary P. Blount, '08, has resigned her 



position at the University High School 
to take an instructorship in science in 
the Chicago Teachers College. 

Orie L. Hatcher, '03, has been pro- 
moted to an associate professorship in 
comparative and Elizabethan literatures 
at Bryn Mawr College. 

Caroline L. Ransom, '05, who is 
assistant curator of Egyptian antiquities 
at the Metropolitan Museum, New 
York, is spending a vacation in Germany 
and expects to return to this country in 
February. 

"The Influence of Local Theatrical 
Conditions upon the Drama of the 
Greeks" is the title df an article by Roy 



62 



THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE 



C. Flickinger, which has been reprinted 
for private circulation by the Classical 
Journal. 

John L. Tilton, 'lo, is professor of 
geology and physics at Simpson College, 
Indianola, Iowa. 

"Determination of the Constants in 
Euler's Problem Concerning the Mini- 
mum Area between a Curve and Its 
Evolute" is the title of an article by E. J. 
Miles, 'lo, in the Annals of Mathematics 
for September, 1912. He also has an 
article on " Surfaces of Minimum Resist- 
ance" in the Bulletin of the American 
Mathematical Society for November, 
191 2. Dr. Miles is instructor in mathe- 
matics at Yale University. 

The Doctor's dissertation of H. F. 
MacNeish, '09, on Linear Polars of the 
k-Hedron in n-Space, has recently been 
published by the Univei;sity of Chicago 
Press. Dr. MacNeish is instructor in 
mathematics at Yale University. 

H. W. Hill, '11, is professor of English 
in the University of Nevada, Reno, 
Nev. 

M. A. Chrysler, '04, is professor of 
biology at the University of Maine. 

Frank H. Fowler, '96, has received an 
appointment on the classical staff at the 
University of Utah. 

Anna W. Starr, '11, is professor of 
botany in Mt. Holyoke College. 

The president of the Eastern Alumni 
Association is E. E. Slosson, '03, literary 
editor of the Independent, He has 



recently been on a scientific trip to 
Australia at the invitation of the Victo- 
rian government. 

Ernest Emerson, '09, who was formerly 
research instructor at the University 
of Chicago has recently been appointed 
to an assistant professorship in chemistry 
at Amherst Agricultural College. 

A. W. C. Menzies, '10, formerly 
instructor at the University of Chicago, 
has been appointed to the professorship 
and head of the department of chemistry 
at Oberlin College. 

Wm. F. Luebke, '11, is a member of 
the stafif in the Germanic department at 
the State University of Iowa. 

C. J. Bushnell, '01, is professor of 
sociology and politics at Lawrence 
College, Appleton, Wis. 

G. F. McKibben, '05, is professor of 
romance languages at Denison University, 
Granville, Ohio. 

Allen D. Hole, '10, is head of the 
department of geology at Earlham 
College, Richmond, Ind. 

Letitia M. Snow, '04, has been pro- 
moted to an associate professorship in 
botany at Wellesley College. 

C. Everett Conant, '11, has been 
elected a corresponding member of the 
Academic Malgache, of Tananariva, 
Madagascar, in recognition of his re- 
searches in Indonesian (Malayo-Poly- 
nesian) philology. He is professor and 
head of the department of modern 
languages in the University of Chatta- 
nooga, Tenn. 



THE DIVINITY ALUMNI ASSOCIATION 



Changed addresses. — Dr. H. C. Mabie, 
'75, and wife may be addressed at 55 
Earl's Court Road, Kensington W., 
London. Their second son and his wife 
are to be in London for quite a season, he 
pursuing his art studies in the Kensington 
School of Design. 

Rev. W. H. Garfield, '04, closed his 
pastorate at Ottawa, III., Nov. i. 

Dr. Alfred W. Wishart, pastor of the 
Fountain St. Church, Grand Rapids, 
Mich., Is preaching a series of morning 



sermons on "A Constructive View of 
Orthodoxy," including the following 
themes: "The Catholicity of the 
Church"; "Christ the Divine Man"; 
"Salvation through the Cross"; "The 
Forgiveness of Sins"; "The Inspiration 
of the Bible"; "Heaven and Hell." In 
the evening a series is in progress on 
"Old Parables and Their Modern Mes- 



sages. 



Fred Merrifield, '01 

Secretary-Treasurer 



o 




O i" 







a 

CO 

o 

.a 



UNDERGRADUATE AFFAIRS 



General. — The Henry Strong scholar- 
ships were awarded this fall to Miss 
Martha Green, Donald Breed, Leroy 
Campbell, Robert Presnell, and William 
A. Shirley. Each scholarship carries 

$200 Eleven candidates out of 

seventy-five were chosen for membership 
in the University Dramatic Club on 
October 29. The Club appeared in its 
regular autumn quarter performance on 
Friday, November 22, in the Reynolds' 
Club Theater. More than 200 were 
turned away after the hall was filled. 
The plays given were Ryland, The Greek 
Vase, Op-'o-me Thumb, and Mrs. Ford's 
Face, the latter by Donald Breed, '13. 
F. H. O'Hara, '15, and Winnifred Cut- 
ting, '13, carried off the honors of the 

evening In the straw vote for 

president, concluded on November i, 
Roosevelt won with 407 votes; Wilson 
was second with 356; Taft third with 70; 
Debs fourth with 19, and Chafin last 

with 4 The annual Settlement 

dance was held in Bartlett on the evening 
of December 7. The chairmen of the 
committees were R. D. Matthews, Re- 
ception; Donald Hollingsworth, Finance; 
Bernard Vinissky, Publicity; William 
Hefferan, Decoration; Erling Lunde, Re- 
freshments; Howard Keefe, Printing; 
George Leisure, Music; and Dorothy 
Fox, Entertainment". One hundred and 
fifty students made up the committees. 
.... The first number of a new maga- 
zine to be called The University of Chicago 
Literary Monthly will appear in January. 
.... At the class elections on Novem- 
ber 15, the following were elected: 
Upper Seniors: Class President, George 
Kuh; Vice-President, Mary A. Whitely; 
Secretary, Dorothy Fox; and Treasurer, 
William Hefferan. Lower Seniors: Presi- 
dent, Ernest Reichmann; Vice-president, 
Suzanne Fisher; Secretary, Arline Brown; 
Treasurer, Harvey Harris. Upper Jun- 
iors: President, Donald Delaney; Vice- 
president, Katharine Covert; Secretary, 
Mabel Becker; Treasurer, S. Baum- 
gartner. Lower Juniors: President, Wil- 
liam Ewart; Vice-president, Frederick 
Burky; Secretary, Dorothy Vanderpool; 
Treasurer, Joseph Gary. Eight hundred 
and fifty-two votes were cast in the elec- 
tions. Kuh, the new president of the 
upper seniors is also captain of the track 
team. He is a member of Washington 

House Robert AUais, ' 1 5 , won the 

lower junior extemporary speaking contest 



on November 19 Forty-nine men 

were initiated into the Three-quarters 
Club on November 26, the largest number 

in the history of the Club The 

debating squad for the intercollegiate de- 
bates to be held in January was selected 
on November 18. The men chosen were 
Conrad, Cook, Hammond, Hunt, Peters, 
and Soble. 

Athletics. — C. C. Stewart, '13, was 
elected Captain of the tennis team on 
November 2. He is a member of Phi 

Beta Kappa Two swimming meets, 

the first held on November 15, and the 
second on November 22, indicate better 
prospects for the swimming team than 
for the last two or three years. In both 
meets the 'Varsity defeated the Freshmen, 
although the star of both was Ray White, 
of the Freshman team. Of the upper 
classmen, Moore, Neff, and Donald Hol- 
lingsworth showed to best advantage, and 
of the freshmen, Ray White and Pavlicek. 
In the relay race, the men averaged a 
trifle less than 23 seconds for the forty 
yards. Ray White won the 2 : 20 in the 
first meet in 2:55 and in the second meet 

in 2:56 The cross-country team 

finished last in the Conference race on 
November 23; 66 in all started, and 
Captain Bishop, the first Chicago man to 
finish came in 27th. Byerly, second man 
for Chicago, was 49th Twenty- 
one Freshmen were awarded "1916" 
numerals in football by Coach Page, four 
more received the 19 16 reserve honors, 
while five more were given squad jerseys. 
The men awarded the numerals were. 
Captain Stegeman, Moulton, Russell, 
Boyd, Shull, Whiting, Redmon, Acker, 
Foote, Kendall, Matson, Sparks, Shively, 
Gordon, Sellers, Beckwith, Cole, Hard- 
inger, Presnell, and Petrich. The reserve 
awards were made to Hawley, Stewart, 
Hatcher, and O'Connor, while jerseys 
were given to Hirsch, Stout, Olmstead, 

Anderman, and Taylor Nelson 

Henry Norgren, '14, was elected captain 
of the football team for 19 13, on Novem- 
ber 25. The only other candidate was 
Stanley R. Pierce, fullback. Norgren is 
one of two men in the history of the Uni- 
versity to win four major C's — ^his being 
in football, baseball, basket-ball, and 
track, all gained in his Sophomore year. 
Norgren is just twenty-one,- lives in Chi- 
cago, and prepared at R. A. Waller High. 
He is a member of Phi Kappa Psi. 



64 



^fl- 




THOMAS WAKEFIELD GOODSPEED 



41 



The University of Chicago 
Magazine 



Volume V JANUARY I9I3 Number 3 



EVENTS AND DISCUSSION 

A circular letter sent out to the alumni on December 4 by the secre- 
tary of the Association, and perhaps in part also the comment in the 
Alumni News ^^^^ember Magazine, has brought the editor more news of 
the alumni than many previous months have produced. 
Letters, announcements, even anonymous postcards have come with 
information. The most interesting compendium is The Eleven* the 
semiannual publication of the class of 191 1, a copy of which was sent 
the Magazine by Leroy Baldridge, editor-in-chief. It shows the class in 
sound financial condition, harmonious, enthusiastic, and progressive. 
The " idiotorials " are pungent, and the news of the class, much of which 
is translated into English elsewhere in this issue of the Magazine, is 
very good reading in the original. The best of it is, the members of 
the class all understand the language in which Editor Baldridge writes. 
One prophesies that 'Eleven will go on and increase in valor, wisdom, 
and delight. 

On January 18, probably before this issue of the Magazine appears, 
will be held the annual dinner of the Minnesota Alumni Club, at the 

Leamington Hotel, in Minneapolis. President Vincent 
Alumni Associ- ^^ Minnesota will be toastmaster, and among the speakers 
ation Dinner ^^^ ^^ President Judson and President-Emeritus of 

Minnesota, Cyrus Northrup. Others who will go from 
Chicago are Mrs. Judson, James Weber Linn, '97, and David Allan 
Robertson, '01. The arrangements, which are elaborate, have been in 
charge of Harvey B. Fuller, '08, and Ernest W. Kohlsaat, '02. 

67 



68 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE 

The President's quarterly statement calls attention to the fact that 
an arrangement has been made between the University and the Depart- 
ment of Education and Fine Arts in Paris for an exchange 
Professors ^^ professors in alternate years, beginning with the autumn 
with France °^ ^^^^ V^^^ (1913)- The first appointee will be a professor 
designated from one of the French universities by the 
Department of Education. The system of exchange professorships 
is no longer an experiment. Harvard and Columbia employ it more 
largely than any other universities; but Chicago has already tried it 
often, usually with much success. The extension of it here foreshadowed 
is a matter for congratulation. 

The President's statement also points out a gain of 43 on the quad- 
rangles and 86 in University College, for the Autumn Quarter compared 

.^^ , with the Autumn Quarter of 1012. The new entrance 

Attendance . ... 

requirements, which insist upon much higher standing 

for admission than is demanded for graduation from preparatory schools, 
were expected to diminish the attendance for a time. Inasmuch as they 
were not enforced last fall with absolute rigidity, various applicants 
being admitted on probation, it is hard to say just what effect they will 
have. Two years ago entrance was made much easier, by the readjust- 
ment of subjects required for admission; no very large increase in the 
Freshman class was noted. Last year entrance was made harder again, 
by the just-mentioned demand for higher grades in preparatory schools; 
and no special change in the number entering was observable. If any- 
body cares to take the gun of prophecy, he is welcome; the editor of 
the Magazine declines to shoot. 

In a carefully detailed report for 191 1-12, recently issued, the Bureau 

of Student Employment gives some interesting figures: 816 men and 

82 women, 896 in all, were given 1,085 positions, in which 

® "fc"^^ ° ^^^^ earned $137,137.40, or an average of $152.71 per 

Employment student; 970 were part-time positions, yielding an average 

of $105.20 per student; 52 were permanent positions 

(averaging ten months' duration) and yielding an average of $86 per 

month; 63 were vacation positions, averaging in duration 14I weeks, 

and in pay $1 1 . 44 per week. By far the largest amount earned was by 

waiters, $16,325.40. The next largest was by salesmen in stores, 

$8,831.50, and the third by houseworkers and cooks, $7,953.85. 

Then follow in order stenographers and typewriters, $7,383.10; tutors 



EVENTS AND DISCUSSION 69 

and governesses, $6,816; and janitors, $4,414. There are 37 classi- 
fications in all, including chauffeurs, conductors of services in a syna- 
gogue, stereopticon operators, show-card writers, actors and supers, 
patrolmen and detectives, and political canvassers. The actors 
averaged $1.19 an hour; the patrolmen and detectives only 40 cents. 
The highest average pay per hour was $1.56, gained by the referees 
of basket-ball games and the conductors of gymnasium classes; the 
lowest, 25 cents, which rewarded the waiters for board and room, and 
(oddly enough) the cashiers. Almost a third of all the students in resi- 
dence, except in the Summer Quarter, and more than a third of all the 
men, were helped by the Bureau, which placed an average of well over 
three students every day of the year. The Bureau is in general charge 
of Alfred C. Kelly, Jr. Its headquarters have been removed from Cobb 
to the Press Building. 

Announcement was recently made of the selection as Cecil Rhodes 

scholar from Illinois of Robert Valentine Merrill, a student in the Senior 

• Colleges of the University. Mr. Merrill has attended the 
The New 

. _ , . University for three years and has won distinction in 

from Chicago academic work, as well as in various forms of athletics. 
He has specialized in the classics and philosophy, and 
is captain of the University fencing team and a member of the swimming 
team. He is the son of Professor Elmer T. Merrill, of the Department 
of Latin. His work as a Rhodes scholar will begin at Oxford in the 
autumn of 1913, where he will remain for four years. Among the com- 
mittee on selection of the Rhodes scholar for Illinois were President 
Edmund J. James, of the University of Illinois, and President Harry 
Pratt Judson. 

The Daily Maroon recently printed the list of the thirteen editors 

who had managed its fortunes in the ten years of its existence. Herbert 

E. Fleming, the first managing editor, 1902-3, is now 

anagmg secretary of the Civil Service Reform Association, 140 S. 

"Maroon" Dearborn St., Chicago; Robert L. Henry, the first 

Rhodes scholar from Illinois, managing editor in the 

summer of 1903, is now dean of the Law School of the University of 

North Dakota, Grand Forks, N.D.; Oliver B. Wyman, managing editor 

from 1903-4, is in the law oflSces of Harlan and McCandless, Marque.tte 

Building, Chicago; Harry W. Ford, 1904-5, is assistant general manager 

of the Chalmers Motor company; Walter L. Gregory, 1905-6, is with 



70 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE 

the American Tin Can and Plate Company, Pittsburgh, Pa. William 
M. McDermid, October, 1906 to December, 1906, is advertising manager 
of the Recorder Service Co., Cleveland, Ohio; R. Eddy Mathews, 
January, 1907 to June, 1907, is political editor of the Chicago Daily 
Press; Luther D. Fernald, 1907-8, is in the advertising department of 
Collier's Weekly and is located in Chicago; Preston F. Gass, 1908-9, is 
the "star" reporter of the Chicago Evening Post, and a correspondent 
for the New York Sun; A. Leo Fridstein, 1909-10, is with the Water- 
proof Engineering Co., First National Bank Building, Chicago; Nathan- 
iel Pfeffer, 1910-11 is with the Associated Press in Chicago; Walter J, 
Foute, 1911-12, was graduated in December; and Hiram Kennicott, 
'13, is at present in charge. 

The first of January marks the retirement from active service of one 
of the oldest and most valued members of the administrative force 

of the University — Dr. Thomas W^akefield Goodspeed, 
r. 00 p Registrar and Secretary of the Board of Trustees. In a 

score of ways Df . Goodspeed has impressed himself upon 
the life of the University, and he dwells in the memory of thousands of 
her graduates. His services are spoken of at greater length in the article 
printed elsewhere in the Magazine. Perhaps the most striking was his 
successful effort to raise the fund for the Harper Memorial Library. 
But it is rather as a figure in the daily life of the institution that most 
will recollect him; they will recall the eager enthusiasm that animated 
him, the spirit of loyalty and comradeship that the snows of seventy 
winters, though they might whiten his hair, could never chill. After 
all, he is still to be with us; possibly he may work a little less arduously, 
but he will continue to work for Chicago; for to him life without loyal 
service would be almost as empty as life without the religion of which 
he has been to so many the exemplar. 

After three months' time, the omission of the old "ten- thirty half- 
hour" has been found unsatisfactory to the student body; and following 
the receipt of a petition signed by a large percentage of 
e orning ^^^ undergraduates a free period has been reincorporated 
Restored ^ ^^^ morning program. The hours are now as follows: 

8:i5-9:i5;9:i5-io:i5; 10:15-10:45; 10:45-11:45; 11:45 
-1 2 : 45 ; in the afternoon, i : 30-2 : 30 ; 2 : 30-3 : 30 ; 3 : 30-4 : 30. This gives, 
as last quarter, seven recitation periods a day. It shortens the luncheon 
period by 15 minutes; but as chapel and other college assemblies have 



EVENTS AND DISCUSSION 71 

again been put in the free morning period, this shortening involves no 
hardship. So loud were the complaints last quarter that it is hardly 
likely the experiment of omitting the morning recess will again be at- 
tempted. 

Last fall the men of the Senior class decided upon a series of weekly 

meetings, with no object other than the cultivation of acquaintance and 

good fellowship. The first question was, where should they 

^^S * ^^ s" ^^^^ ^ ^^^y ^^"^^ "°^ ^^^ ^^^ Commons after half-past 
Meet? seven, nor unless they ordered dinner; and to the general 

surprise of the University, they found that they could 
not use the Reynolds Club, unless they excluded non-members of that 
organization; even in such a case, they could not eat and drink there. 
Nor was there any reputable place in Hyde Park, outside of the Uni- 
versity, where they might assemble. The back room of a saloon- 
restaurant on Lake Avenue offered the only haven of refuge. Not 
unnaturally they considered meeting there. When the disadvantages 
connected with such a meeting-place were, however, put forcibly by 
various members of the class, that idea was discarded; and no other 
spot being discovered, the plan was abandoned. Rather a pity, it seems. 
Even the dean of the faculties has been heard to ask since, what is the 
Reynolds Club for, if not in part for such desirable assemblies as those 
of the Senior class ? 

Mr. Bell's letter in the November Magazine, concerning the relation- 
ship of students to faculty, has stirred comment. Elsewhere is printed 

a letter in answer. One even more striking answer, perhaps, 
. was the dinner of students and faculty, held in Hutchinson 

Commons on the evening of Tuesday, January 7. It was 
organized by the Undergraduate Council,. and was attended by fifty 
of the members of the faculty and by nearly five hundred under- 
graduates. Norman Paine, '13, president of the Council, presided; 
and the speakers were Chester Bell, '13, for the students, Donald Rich- 
berg, '01 for the alumni, and Dean Angell, Professor F. W. Shepardson, 
and President Judson. It was the most successful dinner held in the 
Commons for a long time. The note struck and held was that of 
friendliness and mutual respect between instructors and instructed. In 
this is nothing strange; but in the enthusiastic manifestations of the 
dinner there was the best of evidence that the feeling was shared by 
everybody present. 



72 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE 

The f-Club, as usual, attracted a good deal of unfavorable attention 
in the Autumn Quarter. In the past this attention has centered chiefly 
_, I c\ \i upon the frequent silliness of the performances required 
of the candidates for membership, and upon the distraction 
from their studies which the club involved. But last quarter a new point 
came up for criticism. Some of the neophytes were beaten with such 
extreme cruelty as to raise protest, even among the members of the 
club. One athletic Sophomore boasted that in his hands no barrel-stave 
lasted for more than three blows. Nobody was actually maimed, but 
a number came near real injury. The almost universal testimony of 
the Freshmen seems to be that the club as at present conducted is not 
worth their while. ''Fraternity loyalty," eagerly invoked, carries them 
through the month of initiation, and the next year the desire is to 
"get even." That the club might be made worth while, nobody denies; 
that it has been so this year, nobody believes. There was even an 
incipient scandal concerning the conduct of its finances. 

The daily newspapers have given wide publicity to the fact that 
for the second successive year. Coach Stagg has been forced to leave the 
University for the Winter Quarter, in search of health. 
TT * ith Some years ago, one unusually rainy autumn, Mr. Stagg 

developed sciatica, and spent some time at a sanitarium in 
recuperation. The trouble last year, and now, however, is not sciatic 
but nervous. The strain of making bricks without straw every fall, 
combined with the responsibility of the general management of athletics 
throughout the rest of the year, is wearing upon him. To put it bluntly, 
after the football season is over he cannot sleep. If a problem is pre- 
sented to him, he cannot stop thinking about it. So for two years he 
has gone South to live an outdoor life and regain his strength. Last 
year he spent most of his vacation at Pinehurst. This year he went 
first to Jacksonville, Florida, whence he will slowly work north, probably 
again to Pinehurst. Mr. Stagg is now fifty years old. He has given 
twenty of the best years of his life to the incessant service of the Uni- 
versity. His accomplishments in athletics speak for themselves. For 
all the slendemess of our material and the strictness of our scholastic 
requirements, Chicago is usually the team which must be beaten if the 
championship is to be won. The West is pretty unanimous in the opinion 
that as a football coach Mr. Stagg is the best ever known. But his 
value to Chicago is not measurable in terms of athletics. As a moral 
force he is extraordinary. The moral evils of athletic competition, of 



EVENTS AND DISCUSSION 73 

which we hear so much from Dean Briggs and others, simply do not 
exist under his supervision. Rough play, rough speech, a lack of 
sportsmanship, he will not tolerate; and they are eliminated, not by 
his exhortation, but because they die in the shadow of his personality. 
Isn't it about time that he formally relieved himself, or was relieved, of 
all duties except football coaching and the general supervision of other 
branches of athletics? Mr, Dinsmore has taken over almost all the 
care of advertising, ticket selling, and mechanical supervision. Basket- 
ball and swimming Mr. Stagg leaves to others. Are there not younger 
men to whom the active coaching of the track and baseball squads can 
safely be intrusted ; so that when the football season is over, instead of 
feeling that his work is just begun, Mr. Stagg may lay aside the responsi- 
bility, the sense of which has for two years embittered and to some extent 
enforced his vacation ? 

At last accounts all records had been broken by the probation list 
in the Junior Colleges for the Winter Quarter, and the Senior Colleges 
I li *bl ! "^^^^ not without representation thereupon. The little 
cloud, no larger than a man's hand, of the four-week 
notice, spread in almost literally hundreds of cases to cov^er the horizon 
at the end of the quarter. Only nine students actually dismissed, but 
think of nine whose records averaged below D ! Amid the storm, how- 
ever, the crop of athletes maintained itself fairly well. The track team 
loses Bishop, Breathed, and Chandler, all middle and long-distance men. 
The basket-ball squad remains so far intact. The baseball team is 
the hardest hit. Block, the Sophomore pitcher; Mann, the catcher; 
Libonati, outfielder; and Captain Freeman are all hors de combat. 
Fortunately a quarter intervenes between them and actual play, and they 
may regain their standing. To mention the names of Freshman athletes 
who were unsuccessful in their class work would be hardly fair. But 
such there are. 

Is there anything good to be said of the "snap" course — the course 
which is sought by the lazy, or by the man who is greatly occupied in 
"Snao" Cotirses ^^"^^"^ affairs, athletic, social, or political ? There are 
such courses in all universities, the mere mention of 
which arouses derisive laughter, or at best a defensive deprecatory grin. 
No effort of thought is required in them, no accumulation of fact, scarcely 
even any regularity of attendance. The student wishing to register for 
one such lays down his card defiantly or apologetically, as the case may 



74 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE 

be; he is either at bay, or hidden in a cloud of explanation and excuse. 
He is expecting to go abroad, and a knowledge of the institutions of the 
Low Countries will be most valuable to him. He is particularly and 
above all things a humanist; he thinks nothing human alien to him; 
therefore, surely a knowledge of the bases of society is desirable. He 
is in helpless earnest to know the best which has been thought and said 
in other tongues than English, but alas, his eyes are too weak to permit 
of the study of foreign languages, and he must secure his knowledge 
therefore through the medium of translations. Or else he declares, 
boldly and baldly, "Dean, I need the grade points; mayn't I register 
for so-and-so, or such and such?" For the student of the latter sort 
let it not be said that "at least he is honest." Oftener he is merely 
exercising his blunt undergraduate diplomacy. But for him and his 
less direct fellows, for the snap course itself, is there nothing to be said ? 
Shall the undergraduate never loaf and invite his soul? Is he not to 
be permitted to relax ? Driven upon a strenuous way by the coach or 
the stage manager or the dire necessities of political maneuvering, may 
he never find relief in the shelter of a kindly professorial personality? 
Exhausted by "rushing" and dances, may he not recreate himself in 
the loud somnolence of the classroom? Disturbed and made fretful 
by the insistence of clamorous disciplinarians who believe in study for 
its own sake, may he not wisely retreat to the haven prepared for him 
by the friendly soul who "stimulates" but never asks for written work? 
"Surely," said R.L.S., "we should be a good deal idle in youth." And 
where can idleness be pursued more profitably than in the snap course ? 
About what do the recollections of your own college days cling most 
fondly — the chemistry laboratory, or the room in which you laughed 
and dreamed the hours away, while the instructor amused you with his 
ever fresh eccentricities, and from which you emerged with the sincere 
encomium upon your lips, "By George, he's better than vaudeville!" 
But one wonders, too, whether in the silent watches of the night the 
"stimulating" instructor never reflects a little sadly upon the precise 
shading of his popularity. 




The Social Science lediaeval, and Modem History 

of colleg<8 or Introduction to 

ip below. 



Foundation, covering i^ college. This work includes 

a certain minimi^^ or Biological Sciences; 

(4) the Socjleast one as a tool). 



ND 



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which 

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Law o( Business and Social Relatioi 



Appropriate courses in Mathematics a prerequisite. 



74 

be; he h 
He is exf 
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shading oi 



THE COLLEGE OF COMMERCE AND 
ADMINISTRATION 

Since the beginning of the University of Chicago the need has been 
recognized of a school, or college, or separate group of courses, which 
should train students for a business life. Professor J. Laurence Laughlin 
presented to the senate a careful plan for a "school of commerce and 
industry" on February 3, 1894. His scheme called for an annual 
expenditure of $38,500. Two years later, March 14, 1896, it was voted 
that $5,800 was the minimum necessary to start the work. Observe 
the difference; but there is no record that even the $5,800 was ever voted. 
Certain existing courses in the University were grouped, and in the 
Register for 1898-99 the "College of Commerce and Politics" was set 
forth parallel with the Colleges of Art, Literature, and Science, but no 
dean or special faculty was given. March 15, 1902, the Senate adopted 
a report providing for a separate technical school, the College of Com- 
merce and Administration, with its own faculty and administrative 
officers. This faculty met from April 26, 1902, until May 22, 1905. 
Thereafter the college led a casual and inadvertent life. In 1910-11 it 
had 261 registrations, but it exercised no discoverable function or control. 
The history is so far a sad one, to which the proverb seems applicable: 
great cry and little wool. The lack, however, was not of interest, but 
of money. 

In 1910, Mr. Rockefeller made his final gift of ten million dollars. 
Some time afterward, Dean L. C. Marshall was sent to study American 
schools of commerce and of civics, bureaus of municipal research, and 
similar agencies. Upon his return a plan was drawn up which met the 
approval of the administration, and which has been since put into action. 

The general plan of the reorganization of the work in the College of 
Commerce and Administration may be seen by the diagram facing this 
page. 

Following the preliminary work of the high school and of the Junior 
Colleges comes the division of the students into three groups : the business 
group, the civic group, and the charitable and philanthropic group. 
After this, and usually in the Senior year, come the specialized courses 
for a particular occupation, whether it be railroading, or a private 
secretaryship, or statistical investigation, or the bond business. These 

75 



76 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE 

courses may very well be carried on into the graduate schools; ''as good 
food is prepared the students will remain longer at the feast"; but it is 
expected that for several years to come the great majority of the students 
will discontinue at the end of the four-year course. 

The thirty-six majors of that four-year course, however, will be 
absolutely at the disposal of the Dean. The student must expect to see 
them all employed to a definite end. Those who enter college badly 
prepared — who bring for example no modern language — and those who 
enter with advanced standing from some other institution, or transfer 
late in their course from some other division of the University, must often 
expect to take more than 36 majors for graduation. The course of the 
student in Commerce and Administration, in other words, is in no sense 
elective. Registering in that College, he declares his confidence in the 
Dean's judgment, and his own fixity of purpose. His attitude (though 
not his course) is from the beginning as professional as that of the 
student in law or medicine. The prescription of courses is to a high 
degree individual, but it is none the less rigid. He (or she) is not 
admitted except after long personal consultation with the Dean, and 
with a full understanding of the conditions. He may not remain in the 
College unless he maintains both his general standing and his willingness 
to co-operate. It may be noted in passing that of the 140 who sought 
to register in Commerce and Administration at the beginning, 67 were 
either refused permission to do so, or voluntarily sought another haven 
after they had discovered the strength of the wind. 

Specifically, (a) whiat courses will a student take who is planning, for 
instance, to become a bond salesman; and (b) what does he gain in 
return for the surrender of his power of election ? 

(a) He will, of course, take English; and he will take two years' 
work in one modern language, unless when he comes to the University he 
has the power to read it easily and intelligently. He will take a year of 
history. He will take political science, sociology, psychology, ethics and 
as a matter of course introductory economics. These he will follow with 
intermediate courses in the economic history of the United States, in 
economic organization, and in money and banking; and these again with 
advanced work in banking practice, in crises, in corporation finance, in 
industrial and commercial organizations, and so on. These courses will 
be conducted, as the courses in the Law School are, as problem courses; 
and they will be supplemented by at least one quarter of "field-work" in 
actual practice, and by a minimum of actual research into some economic 
question. What other courses he takes will depend upon the judgment 



THE COLLEGE OF COMMERCE AND ADMINISTRATION 77 

of the Dean. A man ignorant of physical science would be introduced 
to chemistry and geology. One case may be cited in which a student in- 
tending to be a newspaper woman was urged to continue with her Greek. 

And this last case may lead us to (b), what does the student get in 
return for the surrender of his power of election ? 

In the first place of course, the statement put in this form becomes 
a bit of caricature; one imagines a ferocious, possibly bewhiskered 
gentleman thundering his commands to a timid and reluctant young man 
or woman deprived alike of the power of answer and the power of choice. 
Nothing very like this occurs. The student retains his individuality; 
indeed the possession and development of ah individuality is intended to 
be a sine qua non. He (or she) and the Dean consult, discuss; but the 
final decision lies mith the Dean. And precisely for this reason, the 
student gains whatever advantage may lie in a careful, friendly study by 
a trained official of the student's powers and limitations. For the value 
of this new (or newly reorganized) college must lie wholly in the value 
of its graduates; if their quality is in the long run no better than that of 
the average, less closely supervised student, the plan will have failed to 
justify itself. Since this is so, the individual suggestions must be based 
by the Dean on fairly complete information and reasonably clear under- 
standing. The information must come in part from the student himself; 
it will be supplemented by careful further inquiry. The following card 
is sent out each quarter to each instructor in any of whose classes a student 
in the College of Commerce and Administration is registered : 



To the lastructor: Please state yoitf 
estimate of the Qualities of this stu- 
dent and return tne card to the Dean 
of the College of Commerce and Ad- 
ministration. The information will 
be regarded as confidential. For con- 
venience, let A=Excellent; B = Good; 
C-Fair; D=Poor; E=VeryPoor. 



Name of student 

No. Dept. Title 

Course 

Taken Quarter, 191 .. . 

Ability to grasp general prindples Thorough- 
ness Alertness, Keenness Ability to 

master details Open-mindedness Order- 
liness, System Ability to express thoughts Reliability Balance and 

Judgment Independence, Self-reliance, Initiative Industry Square- 
ness and Honesty Ability to deal with people Promptness Poise and 

Manner General Comment : 

Instructor 



If this plan to secure information works, and if the advice which the 
Dean gives is sound, the student in Commerce and Administration ought 
to get not only definite training but wise training. At all events he enters 
upon his course with his eyes open; he knows what is being asked of 
him, as, too often the average undergraduate does not. 

The purpose of the College of Commerce and Administration is 



78 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE 

fundamentally to train men and women not only to make money but to 
promote the welfare of society. 

Our medical schools are demanded not primarily that physicians may command 
good fees but that society may be served. Our law schools may aid in making lawyers 
who will be wealthy, but the mere fact that we impose a bar examination shows that 
the interest of society, not that of individual, is dominant. So our schools of com- 
merce, of civics, of philanthropy will miss their purpose if, either by intention or 
through neglect, the individual, money-making side is permitted to have the ruling 
hand. 

The danger of the development of an anti-social, or at best a non-social attitude 
is particularly great in a college of commerce. Its professional attitude is constantly 
in the way of temptation of becoming merely a money-making attitude. The "mere 
grind of the machinery" will tend to bring about such a result. This tendency can 
be offset in part by eternal vigilance upon the part of the administration, but it should 
aid greatly to have the work in commerce closely bound up, in at least its earlier 
stages, with work in preparation for social and pohtical service. The "grind of the 
machinery" in these latter fields will be distinctly pro-social. 

But the interest of the College in research is equally clear. 

It conceives that very considerable stores of scientific information exist in the 
fields of philosophy, psychology, sociology, political science, and economics which 
should be made more accessible for the furthering of the progress of the community. 
The college will assume some responsibility for this task, and, through painstaking 
research and investigation, it will seek to open up and make accessible new stores of 
scientific data. In rendering this service the college has a duty to more than one 
section of the community. It hopes to serve by aiding commercial and industrial 
development; it hopes equally to serve by assisting in the solution of our pressing 
political and social problems. It believes that there is sufficient unity and coherence 
in the social sciences to justify an attempt to advance all along the line and it has 
accordingly placed under one organization the functions which in some institutions are 
performed by schools or colleges of commerce, the functions which in other institutions 
are performed by schools of social workers, and the functions which, in still other 
institutions, are given over to bureaus of municipal research. Research activities of 
the students will have some importance . Far more important will be the investigations 
by the instructors in the specialized or professional courses. In this formative period 
of such education, it is clear that the college must expect to carry, as one of its most 
important functions, its research division. 

Such briefly is the history, organization, and purpose of the College 

of Commerce and Organization. There are at present no instructors 

who teach exclusively in the College; even the Dean is dean also of the 

Senior Colleges. On the other hand, Freshmen and Sophomores who are 

registered in Commerce and Administration are no longer in the charge 

of the deans of the Junior Colleges. At present free transference is 

permitted; that is to say, a Junior College student may decide to 

register in Commerce and Administration, and at a later time may return 

to the Junior College administration. Whether this will be long allowed 

is doubtful; it has its obvious disadvantages. The new college is 

avowedly an experiment; it appears likely to succeed. 

Note. — For the substance of this article and the quotations, the Magazine is 
indebted to a paper read by Dean Marshall before the deans of the University, which 
is to appear in the February number of the Journal of Political Economy. 



THOMAS W. GOODSPEED 

Thomas Wakefield Goodspeed was born at Glenns Falls, N.Y., 
September 4, 1842, He studied at Knox College, Galesburg,> Illinois, 
and was present when Lincoln and Douglas met in debate on the Knox 
College campus, on October 7, 1858. In 1859 he became a member 
of the first Freshman class in the old University of Chicago, where he 
continued his studies until 1862. Here he participated actively in the 
college sports, being most proficient in baseball and wrestling. As 
orderly of the Student Military Company he led that body when in June 
of 1861 it acted as guard of honor at the burial of Senator Douglas, the 
founder of the institution. In 1862 he entered the University of Rochester 
as a Senior and was graduated with the degree of A.B. in 1863. At 
Rochester he became a member of the Alpha Delta Phi fraternity. Being 
resolved to enter the ministry, Mr. Goodspeed took up theological work 
at once in the Rochester Theological Seminary, under President E. G. 
Robinson, Dr. George W. Northrup, and Dr. A. C. Kendrick. He 
was ordained to the Baptist ministry in 1865, and was graduated from 
Rochester Seminary in 1866. On September 4 of that year he married 
Miss Mary Ellen Ten Broeke, daughter of Rev. James Ten Broeke, of 
Panton, Vt. The same autumn, Mr. Goodspeed became pastor of the 
Vermont Street Baptist Church of Quincy, Illinois. In 1872 he became 
the associate of his brother, Rev. Edgar J. Goodspeed, in the pastorate 
of the Second Baptist Church, Chicago. In 1876, Mr. Goodspeed 
resigned to undertake the financial secretaryship of the Baptist Union 
Theological Seminary, then in great financial straits, and removing from 
Chicago to Morgan Park. It was not his intention to leave the ministry 
for educational work, but the task of putting the seminary upon a sound 
financial basis proved a much larger one than had been supposed, and 
occupied the energies of Mr. Goodspeed and President Northrup for a 
dozen years. In this work they had occasion to approach Mr. Rocke- 
feller, who came to take a large interest in the Seminary. In 1879 Dr. 
Harper, a young man of twenty-two, came to Morgan Park as instructor 
in Hebrew and Old Testament, and in 188 1 Dr. Hulbert came as professor 
of church history, and lifelong friendships were formed. In 1877 Mr. 
Goodspeed helped in organizing the Morgan Park Baptist Church and 
along with his other work he served as its pastor until 1880. 

After the collapse of the Old University in 1886, Dr. Goodspeed 
shared somewhat actively in the counsels looking to a new and broader 

79 



8o THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE 




DR. GOODSPEED IN 1889 WHEN HE BEGAN HIS 
WORK FOR THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO 



THOMAS W. GOODSPEED 8i 

educational foundation in Chicago. Upon Mr. Rockefeller's offer on May 
15, 1889, of $600,000 conditioned upon the securing of $400,000 more 
within a year, Dr. Goodspeed proposed the organization of the College 
Committee of Thirty-six to undertake the raising of the fund. Of this 
committee he became the Secretary, and with Frederick T. Gates of the 
American Baptist Education Society, undertook the campaign. The 
unfortunate business record of the Old University made this doubly 
diflficult, but it was proved more than successful, for in addition to the 
proposed sum the nucleus of the present site was secured, and friends 
were made for the new enterprise who have since become its leading sup- 
porters. On June 18, 1890, Dr. Goodspeed with Mr. Rockefeller, Mr. 
Field, Mr. F. E. Hinckley, Mr. E. Nelson Blake, and Mr. Gates signed 
the certificate of incorporation of the University, naming the first board 
of trustees, and at the first meeting of the Board on July 9, 1890, he was 
appointed financial secretary. At a later meeting he was made record- 
ing secretary of the Board. 

In 1897 he undertook in addition the duties of University Registrar. 
After twenty-two years in the active service of the University, he retired 
from these positions January i, 1913, with the title of corresponding 
secretary. It is thirty-six years since he left the ministry, temporarily, 
as he thought, to help the Seminary over a crisis, and all of this time has 
been spent in the service of the Divinity School or the University. 

Dr. Goodspeed has on several occasions served as trustee of the 
University, and of the Divinity School. Since 1898 he has been secre- 
tary of the Board of Trustees of Rush Medical College. For twenty 
years he has been very active in the work of the Hyde Park Baptist 
Church, of which he is a member. 

In the autumn of 1890, while on a visit to New Haven, Dr. Goodspeed 
was with some difliculty persuaded to attend a football game between 
Yale and Pennsylvania. As it progressed his disfavor changed to interest 
and finally to enthusiasm. When in 1893 his office was transferred 
from downtown to Cobb Hall, and he was brought into somewhat 
close relations with the student body, they found him to be in whole- 
hearted sympathy with student athletics and student life. Dr. Good- 
speed's annual vacation month he has spent for the past thirty years 
among the woods and lakes of northern Wisconsin. In 1894 he found 
his way to the shores of Plum Lake, and there in the following summer 
in company with his nephew, began with his own hands to build a log 
house upon a wooded island. To this island Dr. Goodspeed has ever 
since gone for his vacation, and on it and on the lakes and trails of that 
region he has spent some of his happiest hours. 



LEARNING TO LIVE 



BY EDWIN ERLE SPARKS, PH.D., LL.D. 
President of Pennsylvania State College 



On an occasion like the present, in 
which I am honored, my former chief, 
some time colleagues, graduates, and 
friends, by an invitation to speak before 
you, a topic lying along educational lines 
may seem in accord with the spirit of 
the hour although the topic lies outside 
the lines of instruction in this university. 

Expansion of the field of work and 
enlargement of the curriculum are natural 
results of growth and development. 
The average course of study in the aver- 
age college of today forms a strange 
contrast with that of even fifty years 
ago. The significant difference lies in 
the increase of the practical and the 
decrease of the purely cultural and orna- 
mental. Preparation for the vocational 
in general has become preparation for 
the vocational specifically. 

The response of education to popular 
demand was illustrated nearly fifty years 
ago when, at the dawn of the industrial 
period, the federal and state govern- 
ments established and have since main- 
tained in the several states the so-called 
state colleges and universities, which 
now number 67 and have a total enrol- 
ment of nearly 100,000 students. These 
institutions were intended, according 
to the act of Congress to educate "the 
industrial classes in the several pursuits 
and professions of life," especially in 
the two great branches of agriculture and 
the mechanic arts (engineering). In 
the astonishing development of manu- 
facturing, mining, and transportation 
which followed and which still claims 
our national activity, these colleges 
were called upon to produce engineers, 
chemists, architects, draughtsmen, con- 
sulting specialists, and leaders in every 
phase of nature-conquest and fortune- 
building. Right worthily did they res- 
pond. 

The demand for men trained in these 
mechanic arts attracted students, provided 

' Delivered on the occasion of the Eighty- 
fifth Convocation of the University, held in 
the Leon Mandel Assembly Hall, December 
17, xgi3. 



instructors, and constructed classrooms, 
shops, and laboratories. Agriculture, the 
twin-sister, was relegated to the r61e of 
Cinderella. In 1900, nearly forty years 
after the enabling act wjis passed, there 
were only 6,250 students enrolled in 
agriculture in the various institutions as 
against 8,341 in engineering courses. 

Within the past ten years, however, 
the tide has turned and is now setting 
in toward the agricultural courses with 
ever-increasing strength and velocity. 
Last year the number of students pur- 
suing courses along agricultural lines 
increased nearly 40 per cent, while the 
number in mechanic arts decreased nearly 
I o per cent . This right-about-face brings 
me to the topic I wish to present for 
your consideration — the present interest 
in agrarian life and pursuits. 

"Take no thought for your life," says 
the Holy Scripture, .... what ye 
shall eat, or what ye shall drink." 
Contrary to this injunction, our principal 
concern at the present time seems to be 
with those grosser or material things of 
life. We need only a reincarnate Dr. 
Malthus to bring a panic and to picture 
future generations fighting like ship- 
wrecked passengers for a share of the 
inadequate food supply of the world. 
Long we have followed the motto, 
"Live and learn"; now we are expending 
vast sums and untold energy in learning 
to live. 

I shall not exhaust your patience and 
consume your time by attempting to 
find the causes of this revival of the 
primitive art of tilling the soil. In brief, 
I attribute it to the fact that the vast 
heritage of public lands lying always to 
the west of the advancing population is 
now well-nigh brought under cultivation 
and no longer supplies a refuge for rest- 
less spirits. The "Go west young 
man," of the sage of Chappaqua has 
now become "Go down into the soil 
young scientist." Intensive rather than 
extensive cultivation is necessary. A 
second cause may be found in a reaction 
from the movement toward the cities, 



82 



LEARNING TO LIVE 



83 




EDWIN ERLE SPARKS 

President of Pennsylvania State College 

Convocation Orator, December 17, igii 



84 



THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE 



which movement prevailed for a century, 
and which raised the proportion of urban 
dwellers from 3 per cent to 35 per cent of 
the total population. This reaction has 
already provided the trolley and motor 
car to transport us to and from business; 
has resurrected the country tavern to 
feed us; has restored the country gentle- 
man's estate for those of us who can 
afford it and has furnished golf links for 
our recreation. 

Still another reason for the return to 
agriculture is seen in the prevalent alarm 
at the abuse and possible exhaustion 
of our national resources. Railway 
companies have been sufficiently far- 
sighted to discern that lumbering is 
well-nigh exhausted except in remote 
regions; that mineral resources must in 
time diminish and that only one depend- 
able source of producing freight for 
transportation remains, viz., the pro- 
ducts of the soil. In consequence, the 
transportation companies are expending 
large sums in educating the farmer to 
raise larger crops and to produce a sur- 
plus for transportation. Educational 
trains are run, lectures given, seed dis- 
tributed, prizes offered, breeding animals 
imported, and trained experts placed 
at the dispoasl of farmers residing along 
the railway lines. 

The examination into the increased cost 
of living during which the ultimate con- 
sumer has placed the blame upon every 
possible cause except his own extrava- 
gance, is no doubt another reason for the 
renaissance of agriculture. When a home- 
made egg costs more than an imported 
orange, the plain hen assumes a new im- 
portance as a source of possible wealth, 
especially with her climatic adaptability. 
When the despised potato retails for a 
dollar a bushel, Mr. Common People 
must have a little garden to circumvent 
the rapacious middle-man produce dealer. 
Under this pressure of terminal finance — 
that is, making both ends meet — Adam 
has returned to his delving and Eve may 
yet go back to her spinning — if Mrs. 
Horatius will consent to hold the bridge 
in her stead. 

May I add still another less evident 
and more problematical cause of this 
reversal of public interest. Is it not 
possible that the manufacturing era 
which has absorbed our activity, utilized 
our capital and made our fortunes during 
the past forty years is losing its hold, 
has, perhaps, satisfied a demand, and 



that national energy, in seeking new lines 
of development, has returned to its old 
occupation. Perhaps we are entering 
upon an agricultural era which may 
supplement or even supplant the age 
of manufacture. May it not also be 
true that some of this "back-to-the- 
farm" movement is a direct result of 
the manufacturing period which built 
fortunes in cities and supplied means 
to go back to the farm by proxy if not in 
reality. 

Contemplating these would-be farmers, 
it may be said that agriculture is the 
most popular diversion in the minds of 
the American public today. The million- 
aire freely spends his surplus on his farm, 
importing fancy breeding animals at 
fabulous prices, employing college-trained 
scientists at compensations which play 
havoc with college salary scales, and 
demanding no accounting of profit and 
loss from superintendents providing 
the deficit on the farm does not reach 
five figures. These" fancy agriculturists 
in some cases buy up large tracts of land 
and turn them into non-productive parks 
for boastful purposes, bidding fair to 
make us rival Ireland in a system of 
absent landlordism. They point with 
pride to their exemplification of Dean 
Swift's aphorism of making two blades 
of grass grow where one grew before — 
and they are able to do it because they 
have means to procure fertilizers of the 
right quality and quantity. 

A more numerous and more-to-be- 
pitied class is found in persons of various 
professions and occupations who aspire 
to become farmers. Story papers print 
fascinating articles about the down-and- 
out man, who having failed in his pro- 
fession in the city, sets forth with a brave 
wife by his side and finds a deserted 
cottage on an abandoned farm which 
is bought for a song. There under God's 
clear sky, surrounded by heavenly ozone, 
cultivating a sun-kissed hillside slope, 
the couple plant a new Eden and live 
happily forevermore. It is an alluring 
bit of fiction — but it is fiction and the 
facts are found to be far otherwise by 
most of those who try the change. 

Few of these adventurers into the 
primitive art of husbandry really do set 
a hen upon an eggplant in order to secure 
an eventual broiler; few purchase a cocoa- 
nut in order to supply material for mak- 
ing a cup of cocoa; fewer still purchase 
a book on pharmacy as a guide to sue- 



LEARNING TO UVE 



85 



cessful farming — these be stories emanat- 
ing from the seat of the scornful. But 
many unsuccessful ventures, loss of 
capital, and blasted hopes must follow in 
the wake of this movement to rehabilitate 
the farm. 

Land companies put forth attractive 
advertisements as sails in the favoring 
breeze. One is now appearing which 
portrays a heart-sick and despondent 
workman gazing from the reeking air 
of a tenement window, with an arm sup- 
porting a sick wife and child and letting 
his tired eyes rest upon a mirage in the 
distance. In this mirage arises the ideal 
country cottage, with brilliant roses 
clambering over the walls, and well- 
kept flower-beds dotting the closely 
shorn lawn, while at the door stands 
Annie in a simple Marshall Field creation 
with little Lord Fauntleroy at her side 
to welcome her hero returning in his 
Sunday clothes from his daily task in the 
fields. Below is the mischief-making 
legend, "Why die in the city when you 
can live in the country?" 

If farming is so easy, how mistaken 
must those be who would apply science to 
the art . May not our colonist fathers have 
been within the bounds of truth when in 
describing the fertility of the soil, they 
averred that it was only necessary to 
tickle the ground to have it laugh the crops 
up into your face. 

The restless toiler and the discontented 
urban dweller are met on all sides by 
opportunity to become scientific farmers. 
Correspondence schools if sufficiently 
urged will supply the means. One 
advertisement displayed in prominent 
type this line: "Learn to raise ducks by 
correspondence!" However, it is prob- 
able that those who enroll and pay the 
prescribed fee will find the duck not so 
closely related to the art espitolary as 
this juxtaposition would indicate. 

A more serious asf>ect of this present 
fancy is seen in the public interest in rural 
life. Commissions for studying country 
conditions are formed both by national 
and state governments. Various de- 
nominations are making rural surveys 
especially of their churches and congre- 
gations. Rural conditions in European 
countries are studied and accommoda- 
tions have already been secured on a 
steamship line for a vast commission 
consisting of five members to be 
appointed from each state in the Union 
under legislative appropriations to study 



rural banking and co-operative farming 
in various European countries. This 
has been undertaken in all seriousness and 
the time of saiHng set for the last of May. 

Our well-intentioned effort of making 
the many as happy as the few has long 
been directed toward the city slums. 
Under the present reaction, we are 
turning our investigations toward rural 
communities and declaring that in some 
respects they are worse than the cities. 
One community, thoroughly aroused by 
a rural conference held in its midst set 
about to ameliorate the conditions of its 
f>oor but unfortunately could find only 
one family falling within that class. 
Eleemosynary attention being thus con- 
centrated on this one family, its members 
were soon elevated to a pitiable con- 
dition of dyspepsia through a surfeit of 
unaccustomed food. 

But I fear I have fallen below tlie 
limit of dignity prescribed for a Convoca- 
tion address, and I return to my thesis 
that education has readily accommodated 
itself to the new order of things. Men- 
tion has already been made of the sur- 
prising reversal of college enrolment as 
between the engineering and the agri- 
cultural courses. The latter after nearly 
fifty years of comparative inactivity 
seem to be attaining the prominence and 
serving the purpose the founders hoped 
for them. Formerly there was but one 
course offered, known as plain "agri- 
culture," and it was presumably the 
recourse of those who were unable scholas- 
tically to complete the engineering or the 
general courses. Indeed, due allowance 
was made in the entrance examination 
for the poorly qualified agricultural 
students. 

Conditions are now changed. En- 
trance to the agricultural courses is as 
severe as to the other courses of the col- 
lege and the curriculum is as stiff. No 
longer is the "Short Ag," or the "Long 
Ag," for that matter, made the butt of 
ridicule. "Clodhopper" has disappeared 
from the college vocabulary. It is 
sufficient to note that of the two hundred 
boys from the city of Philadelphia now 
attending the State College of Pennsyl- 
vania, nine-tenths are enrolled in the 
School of Agriculture. Perhaps on the 
principal of exchanging known for un- 
known hardships, the farmer's son desires 
to become an engineer or a chemist, while 
the banker's lad and the merchant's boy 
wish to be farmers. 



86 



THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE 



Agricultural courses have multiplied 
in the resulting differentiation. A stu- 
dent no longer pursues a plain agri- 
cultural course but may specialize in 
forestry, agronomy, animal husbandry, 
dairy husbandry, poultry, commercial 
gardening, fruit growing, landscape gar- 
dening, or farm management. The old 
professorships of ancient languages, 
English, mathematics, and the like are 
replaced by chairs of pomology, den- 
drology, rural sociology, clericulture, 
thremmatology, ecology and zootechnics. 
While salaries attached to the old style 
professorships remain generally sta- 
tionary, compensation for these agri- 
cultural specialists has advanced in 
accord with the large demand and the 
limited supply. In the scale of salaries, 
the one begins where the other leaves 
off; that is, the highest professorship 
in the liberal arts carries a salary about 
equal to the lowest professorship in 
agriculture. Divergence between these 
salaries is further increased by the fact 
that instructors in the practical lines 
are in constant demand by commercial 
firms and by the federal and state 
governments. Perhaps the government 
has been employing a large number of 
specialists in Greek, history, or mathe- 
matics; but if so, the fact has escaped 
my attention. On the other hand, 
entire graduating classes in agronomy, 
forestry, and the like are admitted to 
large stipends through the wide-open 
door of a civil service examination — 
wide open in the sense of a large demand 
and a limited supply. 

Eventually this condition of affairs 
must change, for the supply will meet the 
demand through the large number of 
agricultural students enrolled and to be 
graduated. The output at present is 
nearly 10,000 annually and steadily 
increasing. It is to be noted that these 
67 state colleges have property valued 
at one hundred twenty five million dollars; 
that they have 7,342 teachers and enrol 
92,000 students. To them the federal 
government gives outright twenty million 
dollars annually in addition to the original 
land grant of eighteen million dollars. 
Their growth in appropriation, numbers 
and influence, will be the marked feature 
when the educational history of the pres- 
ent era is written. 

But not alone in intra-mural instruc- 
tion is education meeting the demand 
for improved rural conditions. On a 



similar foundation of state and national 
support, 50 agricultural experiment 
stations are maintained at an annual cost 
of three and one-half million dollars, 
having 1,600 employees, and sending 
out 500 separate reports to over a million 
addresses. The scientific projects under- 
taken in these stations cover the entire 
field of husbandry and household econ- 
omy. Some require years oi patient 
investigation to bring dependable results. 
Plots of land have, in some stations, 
been under fixed experiments for thirty 
years. Some old and supposedly well- 
established principles of economics, the 
diminishing return of the soil, for 
example, have been refuted by results 
obtained in these stations. All this 
expenditure of time, money, and energy 
has for its sole purpose the securing of 
improved methods and better results 
for the farmer. 

The difficult task has been to convey 
this information to the farmer, to win 
his confidence and to persuade him to 
change his inherited conservative ways of 
doing things for new and more scientific 
methods. The pamphlet or bulletin has 
been the chief means of conveying this 
information to the people; but only too 
frequently it was looked upon as 
furnishing a supply of shaving paper 
and candle lighters rather than a source 
of available information. Next came the 
Farmers' Institute which by lectures and 
occasional demonstrations supplied sci- 
entific knowledge, but it was given at 
a time of year when it could be least 
utilized and never exemplified. The 
agricultural railway train fitted out with 
lecture-rooms and exhibits, stopping at 
each station on scheduled time, was found 
to be a successful variation of the insti- 
tute. This so-called "extension work" 
of the agricultural colleges, which en- 
deavors to convey to the people the 
results of the experiments made at the 
stations, last year cost more than a 
million dollars, and reached an estimated 
number of 1,800,000 persons. 

The latest plan is that of a resident 
expert in every county of every state 
in the Union, whose services shall be at 
the disposal of the farmers for advice on 
any phase of crop or animal cultivation. 
The expense will be shared by the federal 
government, the state colleges and the 
farmers to be benefited. When one con- 
siders the number of counties in the 
United States, one is impressed by the 



LEARNING TO UVE 



87 



magnitude of the enterprise and its cost, 
as well as by the benefits to follow. 

To finance this and similar projects 
of agricultural and household extension 
work, a bill was passed the House of 
Representatives and is now pending in 
the Senate, which gives outright to 
every state $10,000 the first year and 
an annual increase according to the per- 
centage of rural population until in 1923, 
the total will not be far short of eighty 
million dollars annually. Another bill 
proposes to introduce a new principle 
of federal activity, viz., national appro- 
priations to state public schools and to 
provide an agricultural high school and 
experiment station in every congressional 
district in the United States. Strange 
to say, these propositions peacefully to 
invade the several sovereign states find 
no serious opposition, perhaps because 
the purse is mightier than the sword. 
Havmg the powerful support of many 
railways and various leagues of bankers 
and others, there is likelihood that one or 
both bills may be enacted into laws and 
add another to the many national bene- 
factions. 

Manufacturers and dealers whose 
wares are associated with the farm have 
been quick to seize the present opportun- 
ity. A Chicago mail-order house is said 
to have placed a million dollars at the 
disposal of the United States Depart- 
ment of Agriculture for securing better 
farm supervision. A combination of 
fertilizer manufacturers announces that 
its force of chemists will analyze without 
charge any specimens of soil sent to them 
and will describe the proper kind of 
fertilizer to be employed for that par- 
ticular ground. The harvester manu- 
facturers have set aside a million dollars 
for a service bureau to benefit the farmer 
and have placed at its head a famous 
corn expert from Iowa. The Illinois 
State Bankers' Association maintains a 
special department for co-operation and 
aid to the farmers of the state. Busi- 
ness manifestly recognizes its ultimate 
dependence upon the soil and sees the 
necessity for an increased production. 
Economists freely predict that unless 
conditions can be changed, the United 
States will be transformed within ten 
years from a food-exporting to a food- 
importing nation. 

Many in the audience who are residents 
of the city of Chicago are annual bene- 
ficiaries of the paternalistic hand of the 



federal government in fostering the art 
of agriculture. I retain a most lively 
recollection of the receipt annually of a 
package bearing upon the outside the 
warning statement, " Fifty dollars penalty 
for private use," but accompanied with 
the reassuring words, "United States 
Department of Agriculture, Washing- 
ton, D.C." and the frank of the 
congressmen. With lively anticipations 
of a Santa Claus out of season, the 
package is opened and found to contain 
pumpkin seeds — of a variety presumably 
adapted to the needs of a husbandman 
residing in the third story of a flat 
building. Upon the principle of the 
survival of the fittest and of the adapta- 
bility to environment, the pumpkins 
should be of the climbing variety if 
intrusted to mother earth below or of a 
hardy nature for high altitudes if placed 
in a window box on the family level. 

But the benevolent government does 
not confine its activities to the annual 
distribution of 600 tons of seeds. Last 
year the Department of Agriculture 
expended no less than $23,000,000, 
for the public good, in addition to the 
sums expended by similar departments 
in the several states. Among the budget 
items were the suppression of the cattle 
tick, eradication of the cotton boll wevil, 
suppression of forest fires, experiments 
in converting the cactus into stock food, 
discovery and introduction of new forms 
of food-producing plants and animals, 
soil surveys, prevention of food adultera- 
tion, war against epidemics, care of the 
pubhc health, and fighting fruit and 
vegetable pests. Among the items in 
the budget of the average state depart- 
ment of agriculture will be found a 
bureau of vital statistics, inspection of 
soils, analysis of fertilizers, feed stuffs, 
Paris green, and linseed-oil, inspection 
of orchards, fighting San Jose scale, 
payment for condemned animals, a state 
fair, and encouragement of horticulture, 
live stock, beekeeping, and dairying. 
The government must protect the farmer 
by law against the adulteration of the 
food purchased by him for himself, 
his family, his stock, and his soil. It 
must also defend his crops against the 
many blights, rust, insects, and germs 
to which they are subject, an estimate of 
whose ravages occasionally appear in the 
public press. No statistician could add 
these estimated losses and place them 
against the total crop values without 



88 



TEE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE 



being convinced that Uncle Sam faces a 
hopless annual deficit and that much 
more is destroyed than could possibly be 
raised on all the available soil in the 
United States. 

To describe the extent and variety of 
the assistance rendered and the bene- 
fits resulting from this activity would 
prolong this paper beyond your limit 
of patience. Soil survey maps have been 
made of many of the states, showing at a 
glance the kind of soil predominating in 
any place, and, by a little reading, the 
crops for which it is adapted and the 
kind of treatment it needs. Specialists 
in crops, pests, soils, farm machinery, 
cattle or poultry diseases, and the like 
are at the service of any locality making 
a proper request. Since the natural 
channel of request is the congressman of 
the district, one may immediately see 
why it is said in Washington that the 
agricultural interests are able to get 
whatever they wish. It must also be 
observed that no interests of the United 
States are better organized and prepared 
to contest their rights than are the 
agrarian interests, unless it be possibly 
the labor interests. 

In dwelling upon the magnitude of the 
sums expended upon agriculture, both 
in the classroom and in the field, I am 
endeavoring not to criticize the action but 
to emphasize the importance of food pro- 
duction and to show the trend of the 
present movement. While it is unlikely 
that any material reduction in the cost 
of living will follow so long as the style of 
living remains unchanged, nor are we 
assured that the establishment of rural 
credit banks will prove a panacea for the 
financial burdens of the husbandman; 
nevertheless there are several results 
which may be expected to follow this re- 
vived interest in the art of agriculture: 

The unintentional butchery of the soil, 
which has characterized much of our 
so-called farming, will be greatly reduced 
if not eliminated by the introduction of 
better methods. Unclaimed, unused and 
abandoned land will be brought under 
cultivation and will add to the sources 
of food. The New York State Bankers' 
Association claims that ten million acres 
of land in that state alone could be added 
to the tillable tracts by redeeming high- 
lands and swamps. 

Increased attention to agricxilture will 
bring to bear the inventive genius of 
man upon the problems of production 



and will result in additional labor-saving 
machinery and devices. 

As manufacturing plants are removed 
to the country and as population follows, 
the congested, food-consuming centers 
will diminish and the danger of food 
panics through war or pestilence will 
be reduced. 

The conservation of our national re- 
sources, and of life, both animal and 
human, will be served by an awakened 
conscience, less wasteful methods, an 
environment more favorable to health 
and by protection against unscrupulous 
and dishonest manufacturers of food. 

A rural environment will also conduce 
to a larger degree of public happiness, 
an enlarged appetence for the beautiful 
and a more joyful outlook upon life. 

The new education particularly belongs 
to democracy. The demand for agricul- 
tural instruction came from the people 
and not from any favored class. It 
seeks to serve the people and it will be 
employed by the people. 

The governmental aid has enlarged the 
powers and scope of government; has 
finally established the principle of federal 
aid to higher education; and has renewed 
the allegiance of the people to their gov- 
ernment through benefits conferred. The 
appropriations made by the states have 
likewise established the principle of state- 
aid to higher education and research. 

Thousands of young men, whether 
in the service of the nation, the state, or 
the county, have received a new vision 
of public service; have enlarged their 
capacity for serving their fellow-men 
along practical lines; and, by becoming 
a part of the governmental power, will 
help to breed a class of devoted and con- 
scientious public servants such as Eng- 
land has long enjoyed. 

The introduction of these scientific 
studies has HberaUzed the college curricu- 
lum and has opened new outlets for indi- 
vidual aptitude. 

Above all, this renaissance of the art 
of agriculture has stimulated research 
and investigation. It has called to its 
aid the discovered truths of chemistry, 
physics, entomology, and the like. It 
has vastly enriched and enlarged the 
capacity for human knowledge. And it 
has raised and will raise man nearer to 
the ultimate goal where the finite 
approximates the infinite through the 
great laws of human understanding. 
For "the truth shall make you free." 



THE UNIVERSITY RECORD 



The President's Convocation State- 
ments — Under the operation of the Uni- 
versity system providing for retiring 
allowances Dr. Thomas W. Goodspeed, 
secretary of the Board of Trustees and 
University Registrar, retires January i, 
1913, having been an officer of the Uni- 
versity since 1889. The Board of 
Trustees has appointed Dr. Goodspeed 
to the position of Corresponding Secre- 
tary, the duties of which position it is 
believed will be of great value to the 
University and such as he is especially 
qualified to fill, while at the same time 
not involving the detail of the position 
which he has so long honorably filled, 
and from which he retires. The good- 
will of every member of the University 
accompanies Dr. Goodspeed under his 
new relations. 

During the current quarter an arrange- 
ment has been made between the Uni- 
versity of Chicago and the Department 
of Education and the Fine Arts in Paris 
whereby beginning with the year 1913-14 
an exchange of professors is provided. 
The exchange will take place in alternate 
years, and the first appointee will be a 
French professor designated from one of 
the universities of France by the Depart- 
ment of Education, who will probably 
be in Chicago in the autumn next year. 
It is believed that this arrangement will 
be a very convenient one, and will 
facilitate that closer acquaintance with 
the institutions and especially with the 
educational life of the two countries 
which is so necessary to a sound national 
understanding. 

The attendance for the Autumn 
Quarter shows a total of 2,650 in the 
quadrangles, as against 2,607 a year 
ago, and 756 in University College, as 
against 670 in 191 1. It should be noted 
that the discontinuance of the Swedish 
Divinity School results in a diminution 
of 35 in attendance. In the Colleges it 
was expected on account of the new 
requirements for admission that there 

■ Presented on the occasion of the Eighty- 
fifth Convocation of the University, held in 
the Leon Mandel Assembly Hall, December 
17, 1912. 



would be no gain, and quite possibly a 
slight falling off as compared with last 
year. It will be remembered that 
students are not admitted who in their 
high-school course show a record so low 
as to warrant the probability of their 
being dismissed during the first year. 
There is in fact a gain of 50 in the Senior 
Colleges, and of 13 in the Junior Colleges. 
The list of unclassified students has been 
steadily shrinking for years past, and 
during the current quarter was only 84, 
as against 151 last year. This is not 
regarded as unwholesome. 

The Autumn Quarter of 191 2 takes 
us back in thought twenty years ago to 
the first quarter of the University work. 
The first Convocation of the University 
was held in the evening of January 7, 
in Central Music Hall, and was largely 
attended by faculty, students, trustees, 
and friends of the University. The Con- 
vocation address was given by Professor 
Hermann Eduard von Hoist, who spoke 
on the "Need of Universities in the 
United States." The final paragraphs 
of President Harper's statement on the 
condition of the University are herewith 
quoted: 

"A year ago the foundations of the 
first buildings had just been placed. 
Only two buildings had at that time 
been provided for — a dormitory and a 
lecture hall. 

"A year ago the funds included the 
first great gift of Mr. Rockefeller, $600,- 
000, the $400,000 of general subscription, 
the gift of land by Mr. Field, Mr. Rocke- 
feller's second gift of $1,000,000, the 
property and endowment coming to the 
University in its union with the Theo- 
logical Seminary; in all about $3,000,000. 

*' A year ago only two men had received 
appointments in the faculty, and in all 
not ten men had indicated their consent 
to serve the University as instructors. 
As we look upon the situation we see 
that a beginning had been made, but 
only a beginning. What is tonight the 
condition of the University ? 

"The dormitory for men has been 
completed and ever>' room in it occupied. 
The lecture hall is finished and crowded 



89 



90 



THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE 



to overflowing with instructors and 
students. Temporary buildings have 
been erected for the library and for the 
work of physical culture. A chemical 
laboratory is almost ready for the 
roof. A museum is under way. Dor- 
mitory buildings for women are rapidly 
approaching completion. A new dormi- 
tory for men is under roof. Within a 
few months buildings to cost at least a 
million and a half will be completed. 

"Within the year gifts have been 
made exceeding $4,000,000. The finan- 
cial progress has been great, but in 
other respects the advance has been 
still greater. Instead of the two men 
of a year ago there are today at work 
120. The total enrolment of students 
has been 594; of these 166 are pursuing 
'studies for the advanced degrees in the 
Graduate School, 182 are in the Divinity 
School, and 276 are doing undergraduate 
work. These have come to us from 
ninety institutions. Thirty-three states 
and thirteen foreign countries are 
represented. Five per cent come from 
foreign countries. Of the total enrol- 
ment 235 per cent are women." 

The Eighty-fifth Convocation. — At the 
eighty-fifth Convocation of the Univer- 
sity, held in the Leon Mandel Assembly 
Hall on December 17, the Convocation 
orator, President Edwin Erie Sparks, 
Ph.D., LL.D., of Pennsylvania State 
College, spoke on the subject of "Learn- 
ing to Live." Professor Sparks was for 
twelve years a member of the Depart- 
ment of History at the University of 
Chicago and a widely known lecturer in 
the Extension Division of the University. 
He received the degree of Doctor of 
Philosophy from the University in 1900. 
His Convocation address appears else- 
where in this number. 

One hundred and eighteen degrees 
and titles were conferred at the Convo- 
cation, sixty-four candidates receiving 
the title of associate, five the degree of 
Bachelor of Philosophy in Education, 
and thirty-nine the degree of Bachelor 
of Arts, in Philosophy or Science. There 
was one Master of Arts in the Divinity 
School and one in the Graduate Schools. 
Seven candidates received the degree of 
Doctor of Philosophy, among these being 
a_ Japanese student who had also taken 
his Bachelor's degree at the University. 

On the evening of December 10 at the 
Convocation reception held in Hutchin- 



son Hall, President Harry Pratt Judson 
and Mrs. Judson had as special guests of 
honor President and Mrs. Sparks, 
Mr. and Mrs. Julius Rosenwald, Mr. and 
Mrs. Charles R. Holden, and, Mr. and 
Mrs. Robert L. Scott. Messrs. Rosen- 
wald, Holden, and Scott are the recently 
appointed trustees of the university. 

The Convocation orator for June. — The 
Convocation orator for next June will 
be His Excellency Doctor Jonkeer John 
Loudon, Minister Plenipotentiary and 
Envoy Extraordinary of the Netherlands 
to the United States. Doctor Loudon, 
after securing his education at the Uni- 
versity of Leyden, entered in 1891 the 
diplomatic service of the Netherlands. 
In 1905 he was Envoy Extraordinary 
and Minister Plenipotentiary to Japan, 
and since 1908 he has served in the 
same capacity to the United States and 
to the RepubHc of Mexico. 

A new honor for Dean Mathews. — Pro- 
fessor Shailer Mathews, Dean of the 
Divinity School and Head of the Depart- 
ment of Systematic Theology, was 
elected president of the Federal Council 
of the Churches of Christ in America at 
its session in Chicago on December 5. 
The Council embraces in its member- 
ship about thirty denominations and 
17,000,000 church communicants. Dean 
Mathews succeeds in the presidency 
Bishop E. R. Hendrix, of the Methodist 
Episcopal Church South, his term of 
office being four years. Professor 
Mathews is an associate editor of The 
Dictionary of the Bible and the American 
Journal of Theology, and assumes with 
the January number the editorship of 
the Biblical World. For eight years 
Mr. Mathews was editor-in-chief of the 
World To-Day. He is widely known 
as the author of a number of books, 
chief among which are The Church and 
the Changing Order and The Gospel and 
the Modern Man. Professor Mathews is 
also president of the Western Economic 
Society, the fourth conference of which 
has just been held in Chicago. 

The American Psychological Associa- 
tion. — ^There was a large representation 
of members of the University, doctors of 
philosophy, or candidates for the doc- 
torate, at the twenty-first annual meeting 
of the American Psychological Associa- 
tion held at Western Reserve University, 



THE UNIVERSITY RECORD 



91 



Cleveland, Ohio, from December 30, 
1912, to January i, 1913. Professor 
James R. Angell, head of the Depart- 
ment of Psychology and former presi- 
dent of the Association, presented a 
paper and also introduced another by 
Stella B. Vincent, a graduate student 
in psychology. Professor George H. 
Mead, of the Department of Philosophy, 
Dr. Frank N. Freeman, of the School of 
Education, and ten doctors of the Uni- 
versity were also on the program. On 
December 30 about twenty doctors of 
philosophy of the University of Chicago 
met at dinner with Professor Angell, 
under whom they had done graduate 
work in psychology. They included 
Henry F. Adams of the University of 
Michigan, Walter S. Hunter of the 
University of Texas, Joseph Peterson of 
the University of Utah, and Walter V. 
Bingham of Dartmouth College, who is 
secretary of the Association. 

The Western Economic Society. — The 
University was largely represented at 
the fourth conference of the Western 
Economic Society, held in the Hotel 
Sherman, Chicago, December 6 and 7, 
the general subject of discussion being 
"Commercial and Industrial Educa- 
tion." Professor J. Laurence Laughlin, 
Head of the Department of Political 
Economy, presided at the first session 
of the conference, when the work of the 
eastern colleges of commerce was con- 
sidered. At the second session Professor 
Leon C. Marshall, Dean of the College 
of Commerce and Administration, pre- 
sented an account of the work of this 
college, and Professor Shailer Mathews, 
of the Divinity School, presided over 
the section devoted to commercial and 
industrial education. Professor Mathews 
also presided at the conference dinner, 
at which President Harry Pratt Judson 
spoke on the subject of " Collegiate Com- 
mercial Education" and Director Charles 
H. Judd, of the School of Education, 
discussed the question of "The General 
Reorganization of the Elementary School 
to Meet Vocational Demands." At the 
session devoted to the teaching of eco-" 
nomics Professor Marshall discussed the 
subject of "Sequence in Economic 
Courses at the University of Chicago." 
The next conference, which will be held 
in February, 1913, will consider the 
subject of "Scientific Management." 
The president of the society is Professor 



Shailer Mathews and the secretary is 
Professor Leon C. Marshall. 

The American Historical Association. — 
A number of representatives of the 
University faculty attended the annual 
meeting of the American Historical 
Association held in Boston and Cam- 
bridge from December 27 to 31. James 
Henry Breasted, Professor of Egyptology 
and Oriental History, led in the discus- 
sion of the subject of "Greco-Roman 
History as a Field of Investigation"; 
James Westfall Thompson, Associate 
Professor of European History, presented 
a paper on "Profitable Fields of Investi- 
gation in Mediaeval History"; and 
William E. Dodd, Professor of American 
Histor>', considered "Profitable Subjects 
for Investigation in American History, 
1815-1860." Professor Albion W. Small, 
head of the Department of Sociology and 
Anthropology, gave on December 27 his 
presidential address as head of the 
American Sociological Society, which met 
in conjunction with the Historical 
Association. Professor Andrew C. Mc- 
Laughlin, head of the Department of 
History, is one of the vice-presidents of 
the association. 

Vocational Education. — President Harry 
Pratt Judson, Professor George H. Mead, 
of the Department of Philosophy, and 
Director Charles H. Judd jjind Associate 
Professor Frank M. Leavitt, of the 
School of Education, have recently made 
contributions to the series of articles 
appearing in the Chicago Tribune on 
the question of "Vocational Education" 
and the various bills on the subject to 
be proposed to the Illinois legislature. 
Professor Leavitt is chairman of the 
committee of the IlHnois State Teachers 
Association co-operating with the Illinois 
Bankers Association in the preparation 
of a bill, and is also a member of a special 
committee of the National Society for 
the Promotion of Education to formulate 
a statement with reference to state-aided 
vocational education. 

Associate Professor Frederick Starr, 
of the Department of Sociology and 
Anthropology, returned at the end of 
November from a six months' expedi- 
tion to Liberia, the purpose of which was 
to investigate the social and economic 
conditions of that region. He was 
accompanied by Mr. Campbell Marvin, 
a graduate student of the University. 



92 



THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE 



Professor Starr made a walking trip 
of 150 miles into the interior after visit- 
ing the Liberian city of Monrovia. 
Mr. Starr was able to make many inter- 
esting observations on native life and 
to bring back numerous collections of 
photographs and objects of anthro- 
pological interest. 

James Hayden Tufts, head of the 
Department of Philosophy, gave on 
December 10 the tenth lecture in the 
series on "Problems of the Modern 
City" given in FuUerton Hall of the 
Art Institute, Chicago. His subject was 
"The City and Human Values." Among 
the preceding speakers from the Uni- 
versity were Professors Edwin O. Jordan, 
George H. Mead, Andrew C. McLaughhn, 
Charles E. Merriam, and Sophonisba P. 
Breckinridge. The course, which was 
for the benefit of the University of 
Chicago Settlement, was closed on De- 
cember 17 by President George E. 
Vincent, of the University of Minnesota, 
with an address on "Group Rivalry in 
City Life." 

Professor Andrew C. McLaughlin, 
head of the Department of History, has 
been granted leave of absence by the 
University trustees until the opening of 
the Autumn Quarter in 1913. He will 
spend much of the time in Germany. 
Professor McLaughlin's latest book, The 
Courts, the Constitution, and Parties, was 
recently published by The University of 
Chicago Press. 

Professor William Gardner Hale, head 
of the Department of Latin, is a member 
of the advisory board, having a general 
supervision of the Loeb Classical Library 
now being issued by the Macmillan 
Company. The series will comprise 
about 200 volumes, covering the period 
from Homer to the fall of Constantinople. 
Thirty volumes have already appeared. 
A bill providing for a federal immigrant 
station in Chicago was recently drawn 
by Professor Ernst Freund, of the Law 
School, and has been introduced in the 
House of Representatives at Washington. 
The provisions of the bill were recently 
discussed at the Union League Club, 
Chicago, by representatives of the Com- 
mercial Club, the Immigrants' Protective 
League, and Illinois Congressmen. 

Professor Paul Shorey, head of the 
Department of Greek, recently gave an 
address before the St. Louis Society of 
the Archaeological Institute of America, 
the subject of the address being "The 



Pace that Killed Athens." He also gave 
several lectures on classical subjects 
before the Washington University Asso- 
ciation in St. Louis, and on December 19 
addressed the Contemporary Club of 
that city on "Some Modernisms of the 
Ancients." 

The University of Chicago was 
represented at the Woman's Vocational 
Conference, held at the University of 
Wisconsin, January 15-17, by Elizabeth 
E. Langley, Instructor in Manual Train- 
ing in the School of Education. Miss 
Langley discussed the subject of "In- 
terior Decoration as a Profession." 
The purpose of the conference was to 
show women students the many possi- 
bilities of work open to them. Other 
speakers were Miss Edna Ferber and 
Miss Frances Gumming of the vocational 
bureau of New York. 

Professor John M. Coulter, head of 
the Department of Botany, was one of 
the speakers before the alumni of Wabash 
College at the Hamilton Club, Chicago, 
on December 8, when Vice-President 
.Elect Thomas R. Marshall was the 
guest of honor. Professor Coulter was 
formerly connected with Wabash College 
as professor of biology. 

At the conclusion of a recent series 
of dramatic recitals in Elgin, 111., by 
Associate Professor S. H. Clark, of the 
Department of Public Speaking, there 
was formed a new club for literary and 
artistic study. Mr. Clark's recitals in 
Elgin have been supported by the mem- 
bers of nine local organizations. He 
has also recently finished a series of 
dramatic interpretations at Racine, Wis. 

" Education in the Time of Shakspere" 
was the subject of an address at the 
University on November 23 by Mr. 
George Arthur Plimpton, of New York. 
The interest of the lecture was greatly 
increased by an exhibit of school books 
which were in use in Shakspere's time 
and some of which Shakspere himself 
probably studied. Mr. Plimpton's Col- 
lection of school books is said to be the 
finest in the United States and the 
largest in the world. Mr. Plimpton is 
a member of the publishing firm of 
Ginn & Company and a trustee of Am- 
herst and Barnard colleges. 

Professor Robert A. Millikan, of the 
Department of Physics, gave an address 
as the retiring vice-president of the 
section of physics at the sixty-fourth 
meeting of the American Association 



WE UNIVERSITY RECORD 



93 



for the Advancement of Science held in 
Cleveland, Ohio, from December 30, 
191 2, to January 4, 1913. The address 
was on the subject of "Unitary Theories 
in Physics." 

Samuel Wendell Williston, Professor 
of Paleontology, recently spoke before 
the Sigma Xi Society of Washington 
University on the subject of "The 
Evolution and Distribution of Early 
Land Animals in America." He later 
addressed the same society at the Uni- 
versity of Kansas on the "Early Animals 
of North America," and gave a second 
address on "Some Laws of Evolution of 
the Vertebrates." Professor WiUiston was 
formerly connected with the University of 
Kansas as professor of the history of geol- 
ogy and dean of the medical school. 

James Henry Breasted, Professor of 
Egyptology and Oriental History, is to 
give a series of special lectures in the 
Art Institute of Chicago on the recent 
acquisitions to the Egyptian collections 
of that institution. Professor Breasted 
gave on December 28 in Boston an 
address before the American Historical 
Association. 

Recent contributions by the members 
of the Faculties to the journals published 
by the University of Chicago Press: 

Burton, Professor Ernest D.: "Some 
Implications of Paulinism," Biblical 
World, December. 

Chamberlin, Dr. Rollin T.: "The 
Physical Setting of the Chilean Borate 
Deposits" (with two figures). Journal 
of Geology, November-December. 

Smith, Associate Professor Gerald B.: 
"Christianity and Critical Theology," 
Biblical World, December. 

Yamanouchi, Dr. Shigdo: "The Life 
History of Cutleria" (contributions 
from the Hull Botanical Laboratory 163), 
with fifteen figures and nine plates. 
Botanical Gazette, December. 

Recent addresses by members of the 
Faculties include: 

Butler, Professor Nathaniel: "The 
Need of Vocational Schools in Illinois," 
Hamilton Club, Chicago, December 3. 

Clark, Associate Professor S. H.: 
Interpretation of Galsworthy's "Silver 
Box," Bradley Polytechnic Institute, 
Peoria, 111., December 13. 

Foster, Professor George B.: "The 
Religion of Zola," Society of Ethics, 
Milwaukee, Wis., December 15. 



Goode, Associate Professor J. Paul: 
"Hawaii: A Geographical Interpreta- 
tion" (illustrated), Chicago chapter, 
American Institute of Banking, North- 
western University Building, December 
10; "America in the Philippines," 
Berwyn, 111., December 17. 

Hoben, Associate Professor Allan: 
"The Psychology of the Home," Fifth 
annual dinner of the Chicago Association 
of Commerce to sons of members. Hotel 
LaSalle, December 26. 

Judd, Professor Charles H.: Address 
before the Indiana State Teachers 
Association, Indianapolis, December 27. 

Leavitt, Associate Professor Frank M. : 
"Vocational Schools," Chicago School- 
masters' Club and the High School 
Teachers' Club, December 13; "Pro- 
posed Bills for Industrial Education," 
Chicago Association of Collegiate Alum- 
nae, Fine Arts Building, December 21. 

Linn, Associate Professor James W.: 
"What ShaU the Children Read?" 
Library Hall, Mayweed, 111., December 

17- 

Mathews, Professor Shailer: "Work 
of the Federated Churches." Chicago 
Culture Club, Hotel LaSalle, December 9. 

Mead, Professor George H.: "Voca- 
tional Training," Committee of Chicago 
Chamber of Commerce, December 6; 
"Proposed Legislation on Vocational 
Education," Ella Flagg Young Club, 
Hotel LaSalle, December 14. 

Merriam, Professor Charles E.: Ad- 
dress before the American Political 
Science Association, Boston, Decem- 
ber 28. 

Moulton, Professor Forest R.: "The 
Sun and the Comets," High School 
Teachers, Evansville, Ind., December 6. 

Small, Professor Albion W.: Presi- 
dential address as head of the American 
Sociological Society, Boston, December 
27; University Preacher, Harvard Uni- 
versity, December 29. 

Tower, Assistant Professor Walter S.: 
"A Journey through Argentina" (illus- 
trated). Geographical Society of Chicago, 
Art Institute, December 13. 

Woodhead, Dr. Howard: "Housing 
Reform," City Club, Chicago, December 
14. 

The Board of Trustees. — October meet- 
ing: The following appointments were 
made: Juhus Stieglitz, Director of the 
University Laboratories; Norman J. 
Ware, Head of South Divinity House; 



94 



THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE 



Herbert Kimmel, Instructor in Mathe- 
matics, High School; H. N. Sollenberger 
and Ruth D. Jeffrey, Instructors in 
Physical Education, School of Education. 
President Judson reported a gift of 268 
lantern slides, showing views of Japan, 
China, and the Far East, from Dr. T. 
lyenaga. 

November meeting: The publication 
of the triennial Alumni Directory in 19 13 
was authorized. 

Dr. T. W. Goodspeed, Secretary of the 
Board of Trustees and Registrar of the 
University, having passed his seventieth 
year, was retired from and after January 
I, 1913. The office of Corresponding 
Secretary was established, the incumbent 
to perform such duties, consistent with 
the title, as the Board may determine, 
and Dr. Goodspeed was appointed to the 
office from January i, 19 13. 

O. W. Caldwell, Associate Professor 
of Botany in the School of Education, 
was appointed Associate Professor also 
in the department of botany in the 
University. 

E. R. Downing, Assistant Professor 
of Natural Science in the College of 
Education, was appointed also to an 
assistant professorship in the department 
of zoology. 



The Board approved uniting with 
Northwestern University in cooperation 
with the Alliance Frangaise for lecture 
work in Chicago. 

Approval was voted of the plan for an 
exchange of professors between the 
University of Chicago and French 
universities. The basis of the exchange 
as approved by the French Ministry of 
Public Instruction and the Fine Arts 
is as follows: 

1. That the professor suggested by the 
authorities in France should be approved 
by the University of Chicago, and, in 
like manner, that the professor suggested 
by the University of Chicago be approved 
by the French educational authorities. 

2. That the exchange should take 
place every second year. 

3. That three or four months should be 
covered by the period of the lectureship. 

4. That the incumbent be paid by 
the University to which he belongs. 

At a special meeting held in December, 
it having been announced that Charles 
M. Sharpe, Dean of the Columbia Bible 
College, Columbia, Mo., had been 
appointed by the Disciples' Divinity 
House assistant professor of theology 
in the House, the appointment was 
approved. 



For the benefit of the University of Chicago Settlement 



FRANK DICKINSON BARTLETT GYMNASIUM 

TUESDAY, FEBRUARY 11 
AT HALF- PAST EIGHT 



The most elaborate spectacle 
ever given at the University 



THE ALUMNI ARE PARTICULARLY INVITED 



FROM THE LETTER-BOX 



To the Editor: 

In his letter, published in the Novem- 
ber number of the Magazine, Mr. Bell 
refers to the "revolt among the alumni — 
a passive revolt, a revolt of indifference"; 
one that finds expression in their lack of 
interest in what is going on at the Uni- 
versity and in their lack of affection and 
loyalty for it. He substantiates his 
position in a general way by citing the 
responses to inquiries he casually put 
to a number of alumni, but gives his 
letter more interest by illustrating his 
points with allusions to his own personal 
experience while in college. 

The root of the trouble, which in later 
alumni days develops into this apathetic 
attitude toward our Alma Mater, is, 
as Mr. Bell sees it, that "while they were 
in college no one cared much about 
them" — referring to the attitude of the 
faculty toward undergraduates. On the 
question how serious or how negligible 
may be the "revolt" among the alumni I 
shall not dwell; but T should like to offer 
a suggestion on the relation between 
students and their instructors. It strikes 
me that the aloofness between under- 
graduates and faculty is not to be solely 
ascribed to the impersonal, institutional, 
disinterested attitude on the part of the 
latter. What about the students them- 
selves? What part of the desired 
entente cordiale should they provide? 
Are they not, after all, partly responsible 
for the condition which Mr. Bell deplores 
and for which he so unconditionally 
blames the faculty ? 

Now I feel sure that a surprisingly 
large percentage of the student body 
proceeds on an a-priori conclusion that 
instructors as a species are devoid of 
human kindness and sympathy. As 
Freshmen they enter college with this 
notion, which is perhaps in part a hang- 
over from high-school days. The know- 
ledge on the part of the instructors that 
this spirit is entertained naturally reacts 
on their feeling toward those in their 
classes. Coral-like, this spirit has built 
up a reef of tradition and prejudice which 
forms a barrier to any free flow of the 
waters of friendship. The student senti- 
ment in the matter is bandied about the 
campus in a rather flippant, insincere man- 
ner which only aggravates the condition. 



Many students, again, do not "warm 
up" to their instructors because they are 
conscious of doing poorer work in their 
studies than they should and could do; 
they are backward about meeting "face 
to face" those to whom they are resjjon- 
sible. The accusing finger within makes 
them uncomfortable. "Thus conscience 
doth make cowards of us all." Good 
scholarship is a foot-path to mutual 
regard between instructor and student! 

With a certain proportion of under- 
graduates, genuine diffidence and timidity 
undoubtedly serves as an obstacle to 
meeting instructors on easy ground. 
But on the other hand a considerable 
number have not the difficulty of shyness 
to overcome: those who participate with 
much zeal in athletics, campus politics, 
theatrical productions, social diversions. 
Mr. Bell intimates that these individuals, 
at a loss to gain bosom comrades among 
the faculty, seek realities and hope to 
find media for self-expression in student 
goings-on. Tis a pretty thought! But 
I warrant that nine out of every ten of 
these "lime-light lurers" are wrapped 
up in student activities simply for the 
love of them. I feel pretty sure that they 
would not trade the recognition, adula- 
tion, and laurels accorded by campus 
admirers for a dozen intimate friendships 
with instructors. The high road to fame 
has preference over the less thrilling 
adventures in the simple green meadows 
of friendship. Believe me, it is not my 
idea to deprecate red-blooded participa- 
tion in student affairs of the campus; 
I know well enough how much it supple- 
ments the value of classroom studies; 
but I do think the instances are too 
frequent where students enter into these 
activities so disproportionately as to 
sacrifice not only good scholarship but 
other things of real worth. 

One's general ideas on a subject of this 
kind I suppose are inevitably prejudiced 
by his personal experience; and it is 
well that both Mr. Bell's letter and mine 
should palpably disclose that fact. For 
my part, my contact with the faculty 
when an undergraduate leads me to a 
conclusion that does not coincide with 
Mr. Bell's. I entered the University 
with no friends on the faculty; yet 
before the end of my Freshman year I 



95 



96 



THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE 



made the fairly close acquaintance of 
several. I did not find them unapproach- 
able and incHned to stand me off. I 
remember well the delightful visits in 
the room of my French instructor in 
Hitchcock Hall; and I have a pleasant 
memory of a Saturday afternoon bicycle 
excursion to South Chicago, with a 
dean and his wife, and of dinner at their 
home afterward. As time went on 
such friendships and associations in- 
creased and served in their informal way 
to enhance immeasurably my college life. 
I know from conversations I have had 
with faculty members that they like to 
form student associations and regret 
that the opportunities are not greater. 

Nor need friendships between faculty 
and students be a matter of under- 
graduate days only. A few weeks ago 
I made a business trip to Chicago which 
kept me there three weeks. I had not 
been in the city for a year and a half. 
Proceeding on the relations I had borne 
as a student toward a number of faculty 
people I made a point of seeing them. 
Their cordiality was conclusive testimony 
of the permanence of the friendships I had 
formed in college days. Among the pres- 
ent student body my acquaintance is prac- 
tically nil, and had it not been for my visits 
among the less transient faculty I should 
have had a dull time; as it was, my visit 
was a tonic experience, full of immediacy 
as well as of reminiscence. 

The thought of my dispensing sage 
advice to the rising generation may pro- 
voke a smile; even so, were my counsel 
solicited, I should rise to the occasion 
and say something like this to my young 
friend about to enter the University: 
"Do not abide by preconceived ideas as 
to the frigidity and aloofness of instruc- 
tors; if there is any gap between you 
and the faculty, remember that most 
bridges are built from either side of a 
ravine and that their two incomplete 
parts come together half way from the 
opposite crests. Do not be too ready to 
accept Tom, Dick, or Harry's estimate 
of Professor So-and-So; rely on your 
own direct impressions and reactions. 
Do not go about in a critical spirit, on 
the lookout for offending incidents; bear 
toward your instructor an open hand 
and heart. Regard him as one whose 
feelings and impulses are strictly human 
like your own, and whose idea of the 
undergraduate is not necessarily that 
he is an inconsequential nonentity. 
Remember that his being wants and must 



have friendships, and that perhaps 
you are the very one to help satisfy that 
demand. Supplement that attitude 
toward your instructor by doing the 
best work of which you are capable in 
his classes. Follow any natural responses 
and desires that lead you in the direction 
of making overtures of friendship. Your 
disappointments in this course will 
be small in proportion to your pleasures 
and enduring satisfactions." 

Harvey B. Fuller, Jr., 'o8 

St. Paul, Minn. 

January 2, 1913 

To the Editor: 

We are gratified to learn from the De- 
cember issue of the University of Chicago 
Magazine that arrangements have been 
made with the Chicago Opera Company 
whereby the students and members of 
the faculty of the University of Chicago 
receive reduced rates to the opera. 

The German and French students — the 
only two countries with whose student life 
the writer is personally acquainted — have 
been enjoying such privileges for many, 
many years. The students receive re- 
duced rates in all places of amusement, 
whether it be the opera, theater, variety 
show, dance hall, etc. Yes, even more. 
Many of the business establishments, such 
as department stores, tailor shops, etc., 
allow the students a considerable discount. 
This is especially true of Germany. 

Considering the fact that a much larger 
number of students in American uni- 
versities are self-supporting than in the 
countries mentioned, it is even more 
desirable that similar facilities be secured 
for our students. 

No one will deny the fact that the stage 
is a great cultural and educational factor, 
and it should therefore be made acces- 
sible, especially to our college youth. Let 
us hope, therefore, that the committee 
who has the matter referred to in charge 
will succeed in securing further reductions 
for the men and women of the University 
of Chicago. 

We wish to add that the alumni would 
no doubt greatly appreciate it if they 
could be included in this arrangement. 
Indirectly it would also help to bring the 
alumni a little closer together and in more 
close contact with their Alma Mater. 
Very truly yours, 

J. Pedott 
[One wishes fervently that the Alumni 
might be included, but the Opera Com- 
pany could not be persuaded. — Editor] 



ALUMNI AFFAIRS 



The Rocky Mountain Alumni Club. — 
The sixth annual dinner and reunion of 
the Rocky Mountain Club of the Uni- 
versity of Chicago Alumni Association 
occurred in Denver on the evening of 
November 25, 191 2 at the Hotel Metro- 
pole and proved an excellent feast and a 
pleasant and enthusiastic gathering of 
those who have not forgotten old Chicago. 
There were 17 present, a number of them 
from other cities in the state having come 
in for the meetings of the State Teachers' 
Association. Those who have attended 
the dinners for several years have become 
well acquainted, and a stronger feeling 
of unity is apparent each year. 

There were interesting talks by Dr. 
Irving E. Miller on "The Harper 
Memorial Library" and by Dr. Loran 
D. Osbom on "Beginnings at the Uni- 
versity,' ' which were followed by a num- 
ber of informal reminiscences and a clever 
toast by Miss Cowperthwaite to the 
newly-wed secretary and his wife. Since 
our new library was one of the subjects 
discussed, some of the reminiscences 
dealt with the trials and tribulations of 
the pioneers who used the first general 
library in the days when its building 
looked like a boiler shop, as one of the 
speakers expressed it. 

On the menu cards an effective use 
was made of the new coat-of-arms of the 
University, prints of which were secured 
from the secretary of the Alumni Council. 

The following officers were elected for 
1913: President, Irving E. Miller, Ph.D. 
'04, Greeley, Colo.; First Vice-President, 
Miss Cora D. Cowperthwaite, Ph.B. '08, 
Denver; Second Vice-President, Thos. 
M. Netherton, A.B. '99, Fort Collins, 
Colo.; Third Vice-President, Loran D. 
Osbom, Ph.D., '00, Boulder, Colo.; 
Secretary-Treasurer, Hayward D. War- 
ner, S.B. '03, Denver. 

There was some good music during the 
evening, with Miss Hilda Smith at the 
piano, and the reunion closed with a 
Chicago sing. The Denver contingent 
are planning to get together again in the 
near future at the home of one of the 
members for an informal social time 
and an evening of music. 



Any alumni or former students of the 
University coming to Colorado to reside 
should send their names and addresses 
to the secretary at 924 Eighteenth St., 
Denver. 

Hayward D. Warner, Sec.-Treas. 

Sioux City Alumni Club. — ^The annual 
meeting and dinner were held at the 
West Hotel, Sioux City, on Saturday, 
November 23, at half-past six. Thirty- 
seven were present. Toasts were given 
as follows: Cobb Hall, Miss Mabel 
Murray; The Law Building, De Los P. 
ShuU; Haskell Museum, Rev. R. D. 
EchUn; Harper Memorial Library, Miss 
Jimmie Vance. 

OflBcers for the year were elected as 
follows: President, A. C. McGill; 
Vice-President, Dr. Harry J. Schott; 
Secretary-Treasurer, W. E. Beck. 

W. E. Beck 
1 2 19 Nebraska St. 
Siotjx City, Iowa 

Treasurer's Report, Class of 19 12. — 
The following final report of the treasurer 
of the class of 191 2 has been submitted: 

Receipts — 

123 Class dues (of $5.00 each) 

fully paid $615.00 

4 Class dues, partly paid 9.17 

Surplus (balance) from Senior 

Promenade 66 . 51 

Total $690.68 

Disbursements — 

Fall Quarter class expense $ 24 . 65 

Winter Quarter class expense ... . 44-45 

Spring Quarter class expense 30. 24 

Class gift (to Trevor Amett, in 

trust) 500 . 00 

To treasury (balance) 91 • 34 

Total $690.68 

Receipts itemized — 

Fall Quarter $ 63 . 67 

Winter Quarter 340. 50 

Spring Quarter 286.51 

Total ( $690.68 

W. C. Rogers, Treasurer 
2858 Warren Ave. 
Chicago 



97 



98 



THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE 



News from the Classes. — 
1896 

Charles A. Pike resigned some time 
ago as Connecticut sales manager of the 
Burroughs Adding Machine Company, 
and after a tour in Europe returned to 
take up his work as secretary of the 
Halliday Box Company, Fort & Brush 
streets, Detroit, Mich. 

1897 ■ 
Waldo P. Breeden is a lawyer, 418 
Berger Building, Pittsburgh, Pa. He 
was one of the original Snell gang in 
water-fight days. 

1898 

Susan Harding (Mrs. William) Rumm- 
ler is living at Shermerville, Illinois. 
She has three children, of whom Mada- 
lene, the youngest, was born in March, 
1912. 

1899 

Arthur Tabor Jones is doing graduate 
work at Clark University. His address 
is 9 Ripley Street, Worcester, Mass. 

1902 

Samuel N. Harper is Lecturer in 
Russian History in the University of 
Liverpool, and Assistant Secretary of the 
School of Russian studies in that uni- 
versity. He is also an editor of the 
"Russian Review," a quarterly devoted 
to Russian history, politics, and econom- 
ics, and published by the University. 
He spends half each year in Russia, 
sending occasional correspondence to 
English newspapers. He will be in 
Chicago until April, with his mother, at 
5728 Woodlawn Avenue. 

Margaret Van Wyck is teaching at 
Tongaloo University, Tongaloo, Miss. 

T. G. McCleary has been since May, 
191 1, superintendent of schools at 
Washington, Pa. 

Myrtle G. (Mrs. J. A.) Mansfield has 
written an introduction for and assisted 
in the publication of a very pleasant 
little pamphlet on Charles Dickens, by 
Ethel A. Taber. 

1903 

W. H. Head, once "mayor" of "the 
City Council" of the University, made a 
trip to the Pacific Coast last summer 
where he gave dramatic readings of 
Biblical and other literature before some 
of the largest church gatherings and 
conventions in that section. He is now 



touring Indiana, Michigan, and Ohio on 
the Lyceum platform. Mr. Head will be 
remembered as "old Man Rogers" in 
"Esmeralda" which the Dramatic Club 
gave some years ago. He is professor of 
Sacred Oratory in the Western Theologi- 
cal Seminary, Chicago, and his address 
is 721 E. 40th St. 

1905 

Paul Van Cleef is in the painter's 
supply business at 771 1 Woodlawn 
Avenue, Chicago. 

Newman E. Fitzhenry is in the lumber 
business at Eugene, Ore. 

1906 

Mr. and Mrs. Stephen Reid Capps, 
Jr. (Isabelle Webster) are living at 
2518 17th Street N.W., Washington, 
D.C. 

John W. Davis is superintendent of 
public schools at Menominee, Mich. 

Dorothea Visher is teaching at the 
Hillside Home School, Hillside, Wis. 

1907 

Miss Ora F. Proctor is living at home. 
Bay Minette, Ala., not far from Mobile. 

Faith Hunter Dodge is professor of 
Romance languages and literature at 
James Millikin University, at Decatur, 
111. After a vivid experience of failure 
to receive the Magazine in past years, 
she is still willing to trust in Providence 
and the new business manager. 

Joseph Pedott, superintendent of the 
Chicago Hebrew Institute, presented to 
Mayor Harrison on December 6 a protest 
against any reduction in the appropria- 
tion of the City Health Department. 
Dr. Pedott represented the City Club. 

Thyrza Barton is living at the Chicago 
Commons, 953 Grand Avenue, and is 
working for the United Charities. 

Miss Helen Hendricks, 5310 Cornell 
Avenue, is assistant organist at St. Paul's 
Episcopal Church, and is a member of 
the Apollo Club. 

Jessica Foster lives at 843 East 53d 
Street. She is a truant officer. 



Ruth Porter has just left for Berkeley, 
California, where she will teach for the 
remainder of the year. 

Mrs. Richard A. Frank (Gertrude 
Greenbaum) has moved to 4443 Michi- 
gan Avenue, Chicago. Mrs. Frank has 
two daughters, Eleanor and Marie. 



ALVMNI AFFAIRS 



99 



• Mary Morton is studying at the 
Chicago School of Applied and Normal 
Art. 

Paul V. Harper has completed at 
Chicago the course in law which he began 
at Harvard. He starts in February for a 
trip around the world on the steamship 
Cleveland, returning to Chicago in the 
summer to begin the practice of law. 

Mrs. Harold A. Miller (Frances 
Novak) has moved to 215 Midland Ave., 
Wayne, Pa. 

Max Rohde is interne at the City 
Hospital, Kansas City, Mo. 

1909 

J. P. Francis, after a course in mining 
engineering at Houghton, Michigan, is 
now at the Creighton Mine, Ontario, 
Canada. 

Ethel E. Hanks is deputy State Fac- 
tory Inspector for Illinois, a position 
gained through civil service examination. 
Her address is The Chicago Commons, 
Grand Avenue & Morgan Street. 

Mildred Scott, who married Ray 
Dickinson Welch in Paris in August, 
191 1, spent last winter in Berlin, but is 
now living in Ann Arbor, Mich. 

Caroline Dickey is engaged in social 
work in Kansas city. Her address is 
Y.W.C.A., nth and Troost streets. , 

1910 
Martha I. Grant is a special teacher 
in the Peoria High School. Her address 
is 615 N. Jefferson Avenue, Peoria, 111. 

1911 

Eugene Cohn, M. E. Robinson, Jr., 
Nathan Tatarsky, M.B. Levitan, Harry 
Markheim, Edward Seegers, and Roy 
Harmon are in the Law School at Chi- 
cago; Vallee Appel, class president, in the 
Harvard Law School; Calvin O. Smith 
has given up the study of law and is in 
business in Chicago. Ralph H. Kuhns 
is secretary of the Senior class at Rush; 
Lyman K. Gould, Elwood Buckman, 
B. J. Callantine and Edmund Burke are 
also Seniors at Rush. Mary Staley, 
Edith Hemingway, Hazel Martin, Kath- 
erine Singleton and Hazel Stillman are 
teaching. 

Dorothy Miller is teaching in the high 
school in her home town, Washington, 
la. 

Alfred H. Swan, who last year took a 
six months' camping trip in New Mexico, 
sailed August 3, for Shanghai, China, 



to take up the work of physical director 
of the Y.M.C.A. there. 

Bemice McClaire is teaching at Dav- 
enport, la. 

Harry Benner has left the Harris 
Trust Company. 

Frances M. Berry is kindergartner 
and training teacher in the Michigan 
State Normal School. 

Florence Sweat is assistant principal 
of the Clarkston (Michigan) High School. 

Edith Love is an assistant in the chem- 
istry department of the Bradley Poly- 
technic Institute in Peoria. 

June Emry has been principal of the 
Paonia (Colorado) High School since 
graduation. 

James Morrison acts for the Vitagraph 
Company of New York. 

Florence Ames is- director of domestic 
science in the Platteville State Normal 
School. 

Mary Chaney is instructor in domestic 
science at Sweet Briar College, Virginia. 

Irene Hastings is teaching in the 
Du Quoin (111.) Township High School. 

Helen Ingham is teaching in the Fort 
Wayne High School. 

Mitchell Dawson has been touring in 
Europe. 

Lewis Smith is with Hibbard, Spencer, 
Bartlett & Co. 

AUys Boyle is studying voice and com- 
position at the American Conservatory 
of Music. 

Edith Fenton is teaching English in 
the Wisconsin State Normal School at 
Platteville, Wis. 

Morris Briggs is with the Bell Tele- 
phone Company of Los Angeles, Cal. 

Elizabeth Farwell is secretary to Miss 
Anna Morgan in the Fine Arts Building. 
They teach voice and physical culture, 
literature, dramatic art, and kindred 
subjects. 

Aleck Whitfield is with the Excelsior 
Motor Cycle Co. 

Florence Hunn is studying and teach- 
ing at the local Art Institute. 

John Sinclair is assistant in zoology 
at the University. 

S. E. Earle is now treasurer of the 
Northern Bank Note Co. of Chicago. 

Leonard W. Coulson is in the adver- 
tising department of Deere & Company 
Plow Works, Moline, 111. 

Pearl Daniels has been teaching Latin 
and German in Plymouth, Ind. 

Famsley Reddick is with the Goodyear 
Tire and Rubber Co., of Akron, Ohio. 



lOO 



THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE 



Frank A. Paul is now assistant cashier 
of The Panhandle Bank in Texas. 

Harold Earle is a lumberman near 
Hermansville, Mich. 

Harrison Biller is finishing his work 
by correspondence. 

Marguerite Swawite is studying at the 
University for an A.M. in English. 

Frances Meigs is at home in Keokuk, 
la. 

Margaret Hackett occupies the posi- 
tion of secretary to the principal of the 
Healy School. 

Mary Phister is at the School of 
Domestic Arts and Science. 

Edith Coonley is studying stenography 
to prepare herself further for secretarial 
work. 

Nathaniel Pfeffer has left the Chicago 
Evening Post and is now with the Asso- 
ciated Press, in Chicago. 

Walter Simpson (ex) is with R. R. 
Donnelley & Sons, printers. 

Arthur Wheeler and J. R. Benzies are 
both withTobey & Co., furniture dealers. 

R. E. Myers is with the Plow Candy 
Company. 

Gertrude Perry recently took a promi- 
nent part in the burlesque Omelet and 
Oatmelia. 

Leroy Baldridge has issued a little 
book of drawings, called Round the Other 
University, and devoted to scenes near 
the Settlement, "back of the yards." 
The editor of the Magazine rejoices in a 
copy. 

Margaret MacCracken is teaching at 
the Illinois Industrial School for Girls. 

Jane Graff is studying at the Normal 
School of this city. 

Hargrave A. Long is in the sales depart- 
ment of the Service Recorder Co., of 
Cleveland, Ohio, manufacturers of a 
distance-recording device for automo- 
biles. He has recently assumed charge 
of the exchange department of the Phi 
Gamma Delta Magazine. 

Edith Prindeville is an assistant of Dr. 
Jordan of the Bacteriology Department 
of the University. 

Margaret Bell (ex) is instructor of 
girls' athletics at Englewood High 
School. 

1912 

Georgia Moon is spending the winter 
in Seattle, Washington. Her address 
is 1434 Warner Avenue. 

G. H. Jamison is associate professor 
of mathematics in the Kirksville Normal 
School, Kirksville, Mo. 



Edwin R. Miles has formed a partner- 
ship with George W. Edgington, as Miles 
and Edgington, at Idaho" Falls, Idaho. 

W. F. Doughty, superintendent of 
schools in Marlin, Tex., has been elected 
president of the Texas State Teachers' 
association. 

Howard Harper McKee, S.M., sailed 
for Venezuela, December 4, to do geologi- 
cal reconnaissance work for the Caribbean 
Petroleum Company, a subsidiary of the 
General Asphalt Company of Phila- 
delphia. His work will be chiefly around 
Lake Maricaibo in northwestern Vene- 
zuela. He expects to remain in Vene- 
zuela at least one year. He resigned his 
position as instructor in geology in 
Drury College, Springfield, Missouri, to 
take up this work. 

Ex-1912 

Paul F. O'Dea has been appointed 
Assistant County Attorney of Green 
County, Mo. O'Dea was an intercol- 
legiate debater while at Chicago. He 
has recently been interested in the forma- 
tion of a University Club at Springfield, 
Mo. 

William F. Merrill was in December 
awarded a Jonathan W. Bright scholar- 
ship at Harvard, where he has been 
studying dramatic technique since Octo- 
ber, 1911. 

Elliott Dunlap Smith, who spent his 
Freshman year at the University of 
Chicago, in December was awarded a 
John Harvard Scholarship at Harvard 
for excellence in work of the previous 
year. The John Harvard Scholarship is 
the highest academic distinction a 
Harvard undergraduate can attain. 
Smith stood sixth in his Freshman year 
at Chicago. He was on the Freshman 
track team, winning the mile at Illinois, 
and also placing in the half, in which he 
has since beaten two minutes at Harvard. 
He is a son of Mrs. Dunlap Smith of 
2636 Lakeview Avenue, Chicago. 

Charlotte Foss is studying at the 
Chicago School of Applied and Normal 
Art. 

Ex-1913 

Lawrence H. Whiting, who was 
chosen captain of the 19 12 football 
team, but who left college last spring 
and went into the insurance business, 
has just been appointed assistant 
manager of the Chicago Agency of the 



ALVMNI AFFAIRS 



lOI 



Illinois Life Insurance Company. Whit- 
ing is not yet 22 years old. 

Ex-1914 

Charles B. Goes is with the Goes 
Lithographing Company with a down- 
town oflSce at 175 West Jackson Boule- 
vard. 

Engagements. — 

Ex-'os. Florence Speakman to 
Leverett P. Cady, of Chicago. The 
wedding will take place in June. 

'08. Eleanor Chapman Day (class 
secretary) to John David Jones, Jr., of 
Racine, Wisconsin. The marriage will 
take place early in the winter. 

'08. Miss Davis Kendricks to Thur- 
low Gault Essington, '08. They will 
be married within the year, and will 
live at Streator, 111. 

Ex-'o8. Paul WhJttier Pinkerton to 
Estelle Foute, daughter of Mr. and Mrs. 
David C. Foute of Chicago. Miss 
Foute is a sister of Walter J. Foute, '13. 
Mr. Pinkerton is a member of the 
American Society of Engineering Con- 
tractors, deputy county surveyor of 
Montrose County, Colo., and a member 
of the Montrose Chamber of Commerce. 
The date of the wedding has not been 
announced. 

'09. Thomas A. Miller to Elizabeth 
Louise Thielens, also '09. Mr. Miller is 
a member of Alpha Delta Phi, and Miss 
Thielens a Quadrangler. 

'12. Clara Allen, daughter of Dr. and 
Mrs. T. G. Allen, 5721 Monroe Ave., to 
Gerald Rahill, of Peoria, Illinois. Miss 
Allen is a member of Phi Beta Kappa 
and of the Esoterics, and was one of the 
best known and best liked young women 
in the University. No date has been 
announced for the wedding. 



Marriages. — 

'96. On December 7, at Mattoon, 111., 
John F. Voight to Florence Edna Bell, of 
Mattoon. Mr. and Mrs. Voight will 
live at 6853 Jeflery Ave., Chicago. 

Ex-'oo. On October 15, at Madrid, 
Spain, Marian Farwell Tooker to Dr. 
Luis Hernandez, Jr. Miss Tooker was 
a member of the Quadranglers. She is 
a sister of Dr. Robert N. Tooker, '97, 
who has been for the past ten years in 
practice at Spokane, Washington. 

'04. On December 3, 191 2, at Mohne, 
111., Harry W. Getz, Jr., to Carolyn D. 



Ainsworth of Moline. Mr. Getz was a 
member of Beta Theta Pi. Mr. and 
Mrs. Getz will live near Holland, Mich., 
where Mr. Getz has a large farm. 

'06. On December 18, 191 2, in 
Chicago, Edward H. Ahrens ta Pauline 
Forsyth. 

'07. In September, at Fifield, Wis., 
Edith Baldwin Terry, secretary of the 
class, to Harry Mortimer Bremer. Miss 
Terry is a daughter of Prof. Benjamin S. 
Terry of the Department of History, 
and a sister of Schuyler B. Terry, '06, 
and of Ethel Terry, '07. Mr. and Mrs. 
Bremer are living at 416 W. i22d Street, 
New York City. 

'09. On January 7, 1913, in Chicago, 
Daniel W. Ferguson to Alice Heath, 
Ex-' 14, daughter of Mr. and Mrs. Charles 
A. Heath, 444 E. 42d Street. Ferguson 
is a member of Delta Tau Delta. His 
wife is a sister of Albert G. Heath, '12, 
for some time a student of sociology. 
Among the attendants were Mr. Heath, 
C. G. Gushing, Jr., C. C. D^enhardt, 
William Ray Carney, and Greorge A. 
Garrett, formerly Chicago students. 

Ex-'io. On October 5, 191 2, Julia 
Street to George A. ^Vheeler, of Michigan 
City, Ind. 

'10. On January i, 1913, Walter P. 
Stefifen to Pearl Foster, daughter of Mr. 
and Mrs. George D. Foster, 2052 Lin- 
coln Avenue, at Kalamazoo, Mich. 
Steffen is a member of the Phi Delta 
Theta. He was one of the best known 
athletes who ever attended the Uni- 
versity. He was quarterback of the 
eleven in 1907, 1908, and 1909, being 
captain in his final season. He took the 
combined six-year law course, graduating 
with J.D. in June, 1912. Since that 
time he has been practicing in South 
Chicago until December, when he was 
appointed assistant in the office of Fed- 
eral District Attorney Wilkerson. His 
engagement to Miss Foster was of long 
standing. They had been schoolmates 
at the old North Division High School. 

'II. On December 20, 191 2, Maurice 
G. Mehl to Lucy Hull, daughter of Mr. 
and Mrs. Harrison G. Hull, 5491 Green- 
wood Avenue. Mehl is a charter mem- 
ber of the Chicago Chapter of Delta 
Sigma Phi. He was known as a basket- 
ball player as an undergraduate. He is 
at present assistant in paleontology at 
the University. The address of Mr. 
and Mrs. Mehl will be for the present 
5491 Greenwood Avenue. 



- I02 



THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE 



'ii. On December 19, 1912, Olive F. 
Bickell to C. Noel Griffis, son of Mr. and 
Mrs. William Griffis, of 3355 Walnut 
Street. They will live at Lima, Peru, 
where Mr. Griffis is manager of a news- 
paper. 

Ex-' 1 1 . Ralph Lidster to Edith Young 
also ex-'ii. Their address is 729 West 
71st Street. 

Ex-'ii. On October 12, 191 2, Helen 
Jeannette Thielens to Theodore C. 
Phillips, a graduate of the University of 
Illinois, 1900. Mr. and Mrs. . Phillips 
are living at 671 1 Stewart Avenue. 



'12. On November 30, 1912, in Kansas 
City, Mo., Paul Edgerton Gardner to 
Ruby Sewall. Gardner is the oldest 
son of J. P. Gardner, '81 and Ruth May 
Edgerton Gardner, '81. While in college 
he was captain of the tennis team. He 
is a member of Delta Kappa Epsilon. 

'13. On January i, 1913, Horace E. 
Whiteside to Esther Vesey, '14, at 1444 
Plaisance Court, Chicago. Mr. White- 
side played guard on the football teams 
of 1 9 10 and 191 2. The permanent 
address, of Mr. and Mrs. Whiteside has 
not yet been announced. 



THE DIVINITY ALUMNI ASSOCIATION 



To the Alumni of the Baptist Union 

Theological Seminary, Morgan Park, 

III.: 

Twenty years have elapsed since the 
merger of the old Seminary and the new 
University of Chicago, and the removal 
of the school to the present campus. 
Changes in the personnel of the merged 
institution since that day have been 
many and startling. The old faces have 
nearly all passed away. Dr. James R. 
Boise, emeritus professor of New Testa- 
ment Greek, died February 5, 1895; Dr. 
Geo. W. Northrup, professor of Sys- 
tem,atic Theology, died December 30, 
1900; Dr. William R. Harper, President, 
and professor of Semitic Languages and 
Literature, died January 10, 1906; Dr. 
E. B. Hulbert, dean and professor of 
Church History, died February 17, 1907; 
Dr. Galusha Anderson, professor of 
Homiletics, was relieved at the age limit 
in 1904, and is now in good health and 
pursuing literary work at Newton Center, 
Mass. The writer is the only member of 
the old Seminary faculty now in active 
practice. 

Naturally there is also a diminution of 
the alumni of those early days, though it 
is not so great as one would expect. The 
first class was graduated in 1867, 45 
years ago last spring, and many of the 
older alumni are still in active service, 
though a few have retired. If there is 
an expressed desire that some facts be 
given, they will appear in this column. 
One case, however, must be noted here: 
Professor Charles R. Henderson, class of 
1873, chaplain of the University of 
Chicago, is now on a trip around the 



world as Barrows lecturer in India and 
other foreign lands. 

Ira M. Price, [82 
President Divinity Alumni Association 

Dr. F. P. Haggard, '89, has an able 
article in The Standard of December 21, 
explaining and defending the business 
policies of the foreign mission Boards 
during the past decade. 

E. M. Lake, '97, has left his pastorate at 
Lawrence, Mass., to act as Superintendent 
of Missions for the Baptists of Michigan. 

L. T. Foreman, '01, has resigned from 
church work at Osage, la., and will move 
to Chicago to take up literary work. 

R. G. Pierson, ex-'o7, of South Mil- 
waukee, is carrying on aggressive, 
practical work among the cosmopolitan 
groups which make up his community. 

E. A. Hanley, president of Franklin 
College, has recently secured Dr. E. M. 
Wood of Columbus and Dr. Rebecca R. 
George of Indianapolis to address the 
students upon the subject of personal 
hygiene. This is but a small beginning 
in a great work. Dr. Hanley beUeves in 
training young people for the respon- 
sibilities of parenthood. 

Reports from India tell of the fine, in- 
spiring addresses recently given by Dr. C. 
R. Henderson, '73, upon the social inter- 
pretation of Christianity. A profound 
impression was made upon the large 
audiences that attended the lectures. 

Henry Topping, '92, reports great 
eagerness for Christian teaching among 
the villages around Morioka, Japan. 

Guy C. Crippen, '12, is now pastor of 
the First Baptist Church, FHnt, Mich. 



UNDERGRADUATE AFFAIRS 



ATHLETICS 



Basket-ball. — The basket-ball schedule 
is as follows: 

Iowa at Chicago, January 17 

Northwestern " Evanston, " 21 

Wisconsin " Madison, " 25 

Purdue " Chicago, February i 

Ohio State " " " 8 

Minnesota " " " 14 

Purdue " Lafayette " 21 

Ohio State " Columbus " 22 

Illinois " Urbana " 26 

Minnesota " Minneapolis March i 

Wisconsin " Chicago " 7 

Illinois " " " 14 

Games of importance already played 
have been: 

December 15 Chicago 32 vs. Lake Forest 27 
December 30 " 23 vs. Detroit 

Y.M.C.A. 18 
January 4 " 28 vs. Beloit 13 

January 8 " vs. Evanston Reds 16 

Detroit Y.M.C.A. defeated Chicago 
last year, the same five playing both 
years for Detroit. Lake Forest has 
beaten Northwestern, and Beloit has 
been defeated by Wisconsin, at Madison, 
33-10. Besides these games a wonder- 
ful affair was staged in December be- 
tween the alumni (including Page, Schom- 
mer, Harris) and the 'varsity, in which 
by really good playing the alumni won, 

13-7- 

The line-up so far has included Nor- 
gren, Vruwink, and Stevenson, forwards; 
Des Jardien, center; Bell, Molander, and 
Baumgardner, guards; and Kennedy and 
Gorgas, substitutes. Captain Paine's 
knee has not yet become strong enough 
to permit of his playing, but he has 
scrimmaged, and may be in condition 
even by the first conference game. 

The team is strong at center and for- 
ward. Des Jardien, Norgren, and Vru- 
wink are quite equal to any trio in the 
Conference, and Stevenson, though small, 
is brilliant at times. The guards are 
not so good, though both Bell and 
Molander are very steady, and Molander 
is particularly valuable for his free 
throwing. Baumgardner, as in football, 
keeps knocking at the door; he will 
get in before long. So far the team has 



shown no special faults or virtues. Weak 
at first defensively, the men have con- 
siderably improved. At times they 
get together as a team and play a fine 
scoring game; oftdner they do not. 

The schedule, of twelve games, in- 
cludes every team in the conference 
except Indiana. Ohio State is a new- 
comer. The championship is expected 
to fall to Wisconsin, Illinois, or Chicago, 
with the odds now favoring Wisconsin. 
Chicago will have a better team than 
last season. 

Track. — Of the indoor track team 
prospects little that is encouraging can 
be said. Captain Kuh and Ward, a 
Sophomore, are good in the hurdles, 
Matthews in the sprints, Cox in the 
high-jump, and Thomas in the pole 
vault, but none are really first-rate. 
In the longer runs, the loss of Davenport 
and the disqualification of Bishop are 
irreparable. Campbell, however, former- 
ly of University High, promises well; 
and Donovan, who has returned to his 
old prep, school form after a most dis- 
astrous University career, may do some- 
thing. Cox will do about 5 ft. 9 in. 
in the high-jump, and Norgren about 
40 ft. in the shot. Those who will 
fill in are Vruwink, Coutchie, and 
Duncan, in the dashes, R. W. Miller and 
Parker in the hurdles, Bohnen, Byerly, 
and Stains in the longer runs. Heller in 
the vault, Des Jardien and Gorgas in 
the high-jump, and Des Jardien in the 
shot. But blessed is he that expecteth 
little. The schedule follows: ' 

January 24-25 First Regiment meet 
February 15 Illinois at Illinois 
February 28 Northwestern at Chicago 
March 8 " " Evanston 

March 29 Indoor conference meet at 
Evanston 

Of the Freshmen good things are said. 
Barancik of Bowen, Boyd of Langdon, 
N.D., Davidson of Walworth, and Russell 
of Oak Park in the dashes and broad jump; 
Riedel of Oak Park and Darrenougue of 
Beloit, in the hurdles; Stegeman in the 



103 



I04 



THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE 



longer runs; and Hardinger of Mattoon, 
ShuU of Sioux City, Moulton of Wendell 
Phillips, and Whiting of Hyde Park in the 
field events seem the most promising. 
Other candidates are in plenty, however. 
Philip Comstock, 'lo, is assisting in the 
training of both the 'varsity and Fresh- 
man squads. 

Swimming. — The schedule for the 
winter is: 

Two preliminary meets with the Cen- 
tral Y.M.C.A. — dates not yet arranged. 

February 15, Wisconsin at Chicago 
" 22, Northwestern at Chicago 

March i, Illinois at Urbana 

" 14, Northwestern at Evanston 

" 28, Conference at Evanston 

• Captain Thomas E. Scofield swims 
the dashes and relay. Goodman in the 
220 yds. is perhaps the best man on the 
team. Others are Donald and Thomas 
Hollingsworth, Howard Keefe, and 
Parkinson, who is the only man in the 



plunge. The team is without a star, 
and one star generally makes a summer 
in the swimming game. 

General. — ^A plan to interest every 
man in the University in middle and 
long-distance running has been decided 
upon. Mile and two-mile races will be 
held, eight of each: two for the classes 
in graded gymnastics, two for the classes 
in swimming, two for Freshman and 
'varsity track classes, one for basket- 
ball men, and one for wrestlers and 
fencers. The mile races will take place 
on Friday, January 24, and the two-mile 
on Saturday morning, February i or 8. 
Competition is open to all men in good 
scholastic standing, who have not won a 
C in middle- or long-distances running; 
and cups will be awarded the winners of 
first, second, and third places in each race. 
It is years since Chicago has produced 
a really good long-distance runner; 
this plan it is hoped may bring to light 
hitherto unexpected material. 



for the benefit of 

THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO SETTLEMENT 

Frank Dickinson Bartlett Gymnasium 

Tuesday, February 11 
at half-past eight 



The most elaborate spectacle ever given 
at the University 

THE ALUMNI ARE PARTICULARLY INVITED 



/oi 




D. B. BUTLER 
HENRY C. MABIE 



H. A. GARDNER 
E. O. TAYLOR 
E. P. SAVAGE 



C. E. MUELLER 
C. A. AUSTIN 



A GROUP OF FRESHMEN IN 1864 



The University of Chicago 
Magazine 



Volume V FEBRUARY I9I3 Number 4 



EVENTS AND DISCUSSION 

The group which make up the frontispiece of this issue were 
graduated from the academy in connection with the old University of 

Chicago, in 1864, and entered the University that fall. 
F ti * ce Austin did not graduate. The others received the A.B. 

in 1868, and Mabie, Savage, and Taylor subsequently re- 
ceived the B.D. also. Digby Bell Butler is in the real estate and lumber 
business in Frankfort, Mich. Henry Alansin Gardner died in 191 1 
after an honorable career as a lawyer. His daughter, Mary Gardner, 
married William France Anderson, '99. Henry Clay Mabie is a minister 
in Boston. Charles Emil Richard Mueller became a teacher of music; 
his address is at present unknown to the Alumni secretary. Edward 
Payson Savage is director of the Children's Homefinding Association, 
Minneapolis. Elbert Ozial Taylor is a minister and lecturer in Boston. 
The picture was very kindly lent the Magazine by Rev. Mr. Savage. 

A summary of the President's annual Report, just issued, heads the 
" University Record" in this issue. Two or three matters in it may call 

for special comment. The total receipts of the Uni- 
The President's 
Report: Finance ^^^^^^y ^^'^ ^9ii-i2 were $i,535,04S-67, an increase 

of $72,386.72 over the year previous. The surplus was 
$3,220 . 40. The fees of all sorts from students amount to 42 . 8 per cent 
of the total; in other words, a student who pays full tuition pays for 
about two-fifths of what he gets. . The Hebrew Institute, on the West 
Side, may be used for comparison. It is frequently referred to as a 
"noble charity," but it is 33 per cent self-supporting; ih other words, the 
student at the Hebrew Institute pays for one-third of what he gets. If 
one is a charity, why not the other ? Gifts paid in to the University 

107 



Io8 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE 

since the foundation amount to $33,784,523.81.- In regard to the 
financial poHcy of the University, the statement of President Judson is 
as follows : 

It is the established policy of the Board of Trustees to incur no financial obligation 
for which resources are not in hand, or which will not be certainly available by the time 
expenditures must be made. This of course is for the purpose of insuring the close of 
the financial year without a deficit. It is of course well understood as a distinct policy 
of some educational institutions to spend what is necessary regardless of resources, 
depending upon alumni and friends of the institution to provide the resulting deficit. 
It is not the belief of the University of Chicago that deficit financing is safe from any 
point of view. If expansion is needed in any line, the funds to provide for that should 
be obtained before the expansion is authorized. The administration of the University 
is carried on strictly in accordance with these views of the Board. 

The report calls attention to the fact that much if not all of the 
Freshman work in college is of the same elementary nature as the work 
., , in high school. This the president believes to be a serious 
Report: Rela- mistake, principally because as things are at present, 
tion of School when a student — a young man or woman seventeen or eighteen years 
and College qJ^j — enters college he finds that there is not a more intellectual 
"° atmosphere; he finds himself doing the same sort of things in essen- 

tially the same sort of way, perhaps in fact not quite so well, as was the case in the school 
from which he comes. How can we expect under these circumstances that the student 
shall get any new intellectual eagerness ? . . . . How can we expect that he should 
not find far more interest and value in the multiform activities which beset the student 
on his entering college ? 

The work now done in the Freshman year could be as well taught in the 
high schools; and, this section of the Report concludes, 
The best thing to do with the Freshman year is to abolish it. 

In this connection an article by Dean Angell in the January School 
Review is of great interest. Called '' The DupHcation of School Work by 
Dean Angell ^^^ College," it declares that such duplication exists in 
on the many subjects, of which modern languages, including 

Same Subject English^ are singled out for special discussion. ''To 
get rid of this burden of teaching this rudimentary material to class 
after class of college students would be a boon which every college 
department of modern languages would appreciate to the full." But 
this duplication of work Dean Angell deplores not chiefly because it 
hampers the college, but because it involves so much waste of the energies 
of the student. "The history of the child who was confronted with the 
bfeauties of ' Evangeline ' at six different points in his school and college 
training is typical of the kind of mal-co-ordination which still, to a 
considerable extent, characterizes the relations of our English instruction 



EVENTS AND DISCUSSION 109 

in the schools and colleges." A similar condition of affairs exists, it 
is said, in history, political economy, civics, commercial geography, 
physiography, zoology, botany, physiology. "The college accepts the 
high-school credentials in these topics as valid for entrance and then 
permits or requires the student to start at the beginning once again if he 
wishes to pursue these subjects in college." " It appears," Dean Angell's 
article concludes, " to be reasonably certain that the college could employ 
to better advantage for all concerned some of its resources which are 
now devoted to teaching subjects that can unquestionably be best pre- 
sented in the high school." 

The coincidence of the remarks on this topic in the President's Report 
and by Dean Angell is not indicative of anything except the harmony of 
their scholastic ideals, but it is profoundly interesting. 

Professor Slaught's report, as secretary of the Board of Recommenda- 
tions, shows that 733 applied for positions or service in the school year 
The President's 1911-12, and 557 were appointed as teachers, 487 directly 
Report: Board through the University and 70 through teachers' agencies, 
of Recommen- There were also 50 appointments for private instruction, 
* °"^ and 27 to business positions. The calls for men exceeded 

the number registered, the number of women registered exceeded the 
calls. Men who can coach the athletic teams are in the greatest demand 
in the high schools. For men who can combine coaching with the teach- 
ing of history or science, there are on an average fifteen calls for every 
candidate. The average of all salaries for the 557 appointed was $1,008; 
the 248 men appointed averaged $1,158, the 309 women averaged $883. 
The highest average salary, in both high school and college, and for both 
men and women, was for teachers of geology. Apparently the connection 
between asking for bread and giving a stone is as close now as it was in 
New Testament days. 

The financial statement concerning athletics for the year 1911-12 
shows that the division of physical culture and athletics went from a 
The President's deficit of $3,795.51 on June 30, 1911, to a surplus of 
Report: $641.83 on June 30, 1912. The receipts were $67,026, 

Athletics q£ ^hich football furnished no less than 86 per cent! 

University football brought $52,304.38, and high-school football 
(including the receipts of games played on the field), $5,677.65. The 
football expenditures were $25,346.33 for university football, and 
$4,730.36 for high-school football. Other leading sports were financed 
as follows: track receipts $1,065.78, expenditures $3,274.46; base- 



no THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE 

ball receipts $2,737.50, expenditures $3,289.22;. basket-ball receipts 
$2,744.40, expenditures $3,268.57. From this it would appear that, 
financially speaking, basket-ball ranks as a major sport next to football. 
The 1912 Inter-scholastic brought in $544.25 and cost $1,477.53, ^ i^^t 
cost of $933 . 28. Thirty-six former University of Chicago athletes were 
coaching in 1911-12, of whom many were giving instruction also in other 
lines. 

As might be inferred from one statement in the foregoing report, 
basket-ball is flourishing at Chicago. Two defeats so far mar our record, 
one at the hands of Wisconsin, which has not lost a game 
_ - in two years — but have patience. Badgers, we hope to 

accommodate you in the return game in Bartlett on 
March 7, to which all alumni in Chicago who like hard, clean, friendly, 
scientific sport are urged to come. The track men are limbering up, and 
the baseball men will soon hear the call, though there is nothing to report 
as yet. The best thing in athletics this winter has been the successful 
effort of the Department to interest more men in the games. The inter- 
class-and-department basket-ball series has been admirable, the games 
vigorous and well attended. The series of mile and two-mile races too, 
for the different gymnasium classes, have done a good deal to stir up the 
apparently sluggish blood of our long-distance possibilities. 

As for the Conference, rumors are abroad that something startling is 
to be done this spring, but no information has leaked out. Michigan 
undergraduates seem inclined to seek a return. Captain Thomson of 
the football team, addressing a smoker in Detroit, concluded, "Until 
Michigan rejoins the Western Conference, Michigan football, baseball, 
and track teams will be a minus quantity — both in the East and West." 
On the other hand the Michigan Athletic Association has taken no steps 
toward a return. There can be no doubt that warm as the feeling of 
the Conference colleges has been for Michigan, it is heartier now than 
it has ever been. It is not that the members of the Conference need 
more games or harder competition. Illinois undoubtedly would enjoy an 
annual series of baseball games with such a worthy foe as Michigan has 
always been; Chicago men look back with pleasure to the old struggles 
with Michigan, such as no series of the present day perhaps quite gives; 
and the Conference track meet without Michigan has lost a Uttle of its 
savor. But these things are really immaterial. There are fighters 
enough bom every year so that Achilles, sulking in his tent, may be 
dispensed with as a combatant. It is as an associate that we especially 
desire the old warrior. We want him out in the open, with the sun 



EVENTS AND DISCUSSION ill 

shining on his armor as it used to shine, for our admiration; not lurking 
in the shadow, pretending to an anger over that lost Briseis, the 
training-table, which he no longer feels. 

Meanwhile one A. A. Stagg continues to play astonishing golf in 
Florida, qualifying in first flights. As one correspondent put it: "If 
Mr. Stagg is sick, as they say, then I have myself been dead for some 
years." 

Following a petition signed by i,ioo business men of the Seventh 
Ward, Professor Charles E. Merriam recently announced himself as an 

independent candidate for alderman from that ward. 
Politics It is not believed he will have any serious opposition. 

The movement for non-partisanship in municipal elections 
is rapidly increasing in strength in Chicago, and Professor Merriam's 
candidacy is sure to strengthen it still further. Two alumni of the 
University who have taken a prominent part in progressive (with and 
without the capital) politics, are H. L. Ickes, '98, who is county chairman 
of the Progressive party, and Donald R. Richberg, '01, who is counsel for 
the state legislative committee of the Progressives. 

In consequence of the unreliability of the information published in 
the daily papers relative to the recent outbreak of scarlet fever in Green- 
Scarlet Fever wood Hall, Assistant Professor Harris, secretary of the 
in Greenwood Committee on Sanitation and Hygiene in the University, 
*^ has, at the request of the editor, made the following suc- 

cinct report on the situation : 

Only two cases of scarlet fever developed in Greenwood Hall; the one, that of a 
student, Miss Mabel De La Mater, on January 15; the other, that of a maid, on the 
2 2d. Prompt measures of isolation and quarantine were undertaken by the Depart- 
ment of Health of the City of Chicago with the co-op>eration of the physicians in attend- 
ance and the University authorities; and what at first threatened to become a serious 
situation was quickly and thoroughly checkmated. In neither instance of the disease 
could the source of infection be positively ascertained, inasmuch as scarlet fever was 
widespread in the city at the time, and the points of contact were doubtless many. 

It is gratifying and important to note the lessened case-incidence in the University 
community (including the pupils of the High and Elementary schools who are at the 
most susceptible age), as compared with that of either Wards 6 or 7, in which the 
University community is most largely domiciled, and that of the whole population of 
Chicago. 

For the week ending January 17: University, i in 3,330; Ward 6, i in 1,015; 
Ward 7, I in 2,102; City, i in 1,387. For the week ending January 24: University, 
I in 1,665; Ward 6, i in 988; Ward 7, i in 1,706; City, i in 1,232. 

Seven students were quarantined in the Hall for one week; the 



112 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE 

others were allowed to go home. Arrangements were made by the Dean 
for making up the lost classwork, and all students, except Miss De La 
Mater, were back at work before the end of January. 

The Magazine was honored last month by editorial or news comment 
in the Daily Maroon on many of the points the Magazine had discussed. 
The DaUy Ma- ^^^ Maroon in general was kindly, but on "snap" courses 
roon on "Snap it differed so sharply that its words deserve reprinting 
Courses" ^ere. They were: 

It is seldom that the Daily Maroon prints editorial opinion in a news column. 
It does so in the present instance only because it is felt that at the time the foregoing 
editorial is reviewed, it is just that some answer should be made to the opinions voiced 
by the writer. It is to be hoped that no student will think the less of the splendid influ- 
ence and work of the instructor to whom most pointed inferences are directed. No 
student who ever had work with him will be influenced in the least, by the disparaging 
tone of the references made to him. Students are as good judges of men as anyone 
could be. They are quick, almost intuitively, to recognize sincerity. In answer to 
the statement that students leave "strict disciplinarians who believe in study for its 
own sake" to "retreat to the haven prepared by the friendly soul who 'stimulates,'" 
let it be said that four years of high school give any young man all the disciplining 
he needs, and that he is ready for stimulation. Furthermore, the "study for study's 
sake" palm might better be given to the "culture" course instructor who is too inter- 
ested in his subject to waste time bickering over marks and administering puerile 
rebukes and chastisements. It is certainly to be deplored that courses on the Uni- 
versity curriculum should be held up to scorn in the pages of a public magazine pub- 
lished at the University. But the occasion is a happy one in the sense that it allows 
the student daily to give what the editors know to be the opinion of the average under- 
graduate — that he gets many good things from the "culture" courses, not the smallest 
of them being association with such inspiring ("stimulating," if you will) men as the 
one who teaches "knowledge of the institutions of the Low Countries" and the one 
who is "better than vaudeville." 

It might be said that the Maroon seems unwilling to distinguish 
between "snap" courses and "culture" courses. Certainly to prefer 
an instructor who really stimulates to intellectual striving, over an 
instructor who "wastes time administering puerile rebukes and chastise- 
ments," is desirable. But the Magazine cannot see that this distinction 
has any more to do with its remarks on "snap" courses than — ^let us say 
— a comparison of the personal pulchritude of instructors would have. 
A "snap" course is one for which the student registers that he may loaf; 
if in it he is also amused, well and good. A "culture" course is one for 
which he registers that he may be aroused to ideals and fine feelings. 
Such a course may be, for instance, in political economy, and require the 
hardest kind of intelligent work; or it may be in the fine arts, and 
require the closest kind of intelligent observation; or it may be in 



EVENTS AND DISCUSSION 113 

sociology, and require the widest range of social speculation. But if 
the student has to exercise in it his faculties and employ his judgment, it 
is not a "snap" course; and if he does not, it is a "snap" course. And 
the Magazine is sure that the Maroon editor, who is a high-stand student, 
agrees perfectly with this view. 

To strengthen the connection between the University and the 
secondary schools affiliated with it, a faculty committee composed of 
Strengthening Dean Angel 1, Mr. Payne, the University Examiner, and 
the Bond of Professors Butler, Miller, Slaught, and Tufts was recently 
Affihation appointed. Four hundred high schools and academies 

throughout the country hold such affiliation. The graduates of those 
schools are accepted without entrance examinations; the teachers are 
privileged to receive instruction in the Summer Quarter for half the 
regular tuition ; and the schools may be represented in the annual joint 
conference held at the University. Three hundred letters have so 
far been sent out asking whether the schools wish actively to continue 
this co-operation, to which 250 have already replied in the affirmative. 

Few occasions could show more clearly the value to an alumni group 
of individual effort, than the dinner at Minneapolis on January 18. 
Twin City An account of it is published elsewhere; but that account 

Alumni Club rhodestly leaves out the chief figure, H. B. Fuller, Jr., '08. 
Dinner 'p^ secure an attendance of 86 out of not more than 120 

eligible in the whole state of Minnesota may be regarded as a feat. The 
86 were rewarded by the brilliance of the toastmaster. President Vincent 
being in his best vein, and by the happy reminiscence and suggestions of 
President Judson. The other speakers did their best to support the two 
presidents, and may be said to have succeeded amply. The group which 
went up from Chicago hugely enjoyed itself, both at the dinner (all the 
men spoke) and before and after, when they were entertained by Presi- 
dent and Mrs. Vincent. It seems to this editor extremely doubtful 
whether a better organized, heartier Chicago alumni dinner has ever 
been carried through than that at Minneapolis. It may be interesting 
to note, in this connection, that not only are the President and the Dean 
of the Faculties of the University of Chicago former professors at Minne- 
sota, and the president of Minnesota the holder of a degree and formerly 
a professor here; but also that there are at present, at the University of 
Minnesota, 30 people connected with the faculty, who have either studied 
or taught here. The bond between Chicago and Minnesota, it would 
seem, ought to be fairly firm. 



DEBATING IN THE UNIVERSITY 

BY H. G. MOULTON 
Instructor in Political Economy 

A triple tie was the outcome of this year's contests in the Central 
Debating League, the affirmative team winning in each case. This 
result was somewhat unexpected, as the negative seemed to be the better 
side of the question, the Aldrich banking plan. Chicago scored a 
decisive victory over Northwestern in Mandel Hall on January 17, 
excelling from every standpoint. The team work of our men was 
extremely good; at no time was the result of the contest in doubt. The 
work of Mr. Arnold Baar, who opened the debate for Chicago, was most 
satisfactory; he handled a technical dry-as-dust banking question in a 
way that could be understood by everyone Mr. Lorin Peters succeeded 
almost as well, and made "elasticity of the currency" a very simple 
proposition. Mr. D. G. Hunt, however, was the star of the evening. 
When he had finished, Northwestern was without a leg to stand on. 
Mr. Hunt cleverly showed that her first and third speakers had flatly 
contradicted each other. 

At Michigan, according to the report of Mr. J. W. Hoover, '09, who 
accompanied the Chicago team, the contest was extremely close. One 
judge afterward said that he did not know which was the better team; 
his final markings showed Michigan with 280 points and Chicago with 
279. One judge said that Mr. Wilbur Hamman was the most finished 
speaker of the six; another, that Mr. Conrad did the best all-around 
work of any man on either team. Mr. Cook, the only Sophomore to 
make our team since the organization of the Central League, acquitted 
himself with great credit. Chicago evidently excelled Michigan in pres- 
entation, something quite unusual. All the judges agreed that it was 
not until the final rebuttal that the tide was turned in favor of Michigan. 

Chicago's history in debating, although not what it might be, is very 
creditable in view of the handicaps under which we have always labored. 
For several years Chicago was a member of a debating league composed 
of Michigan, Northwestern, Minnesota, and Chicago. Under this 
arrangement the first debate each year \yas held in January. At this 
time two schools were eliminated; and the victorious teams then met in 
April to debate a new question for the championship. Under this scheme 
each school had but one team, and these three men, if successful, had to 

114 




ARNOLD P. BAAR, 1. D. G. HUNT, '13 LORIN PETERS, 1. 

AFFIRMATIVE TEAM, NORTHWESTERN 




^ 




B3 



HAROLD G. MOULTON, Coach 



r 




Il6 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE 

spend about seven months of the year working on debates. They were 
amply rewarded, however, each member receiving a year's tuition, $50 
in cash, and a medal — gold for the championship, silver for second place, 
bronze in case of defeat. This league was dissolved in 1906; at this 
time Chicago held the championship. The following year a triangular 
league was formed, which left Minnesota out. Each school in the new 
league chooses an affirmative and a negative team. The first year the 
Chicago affirmative team met Northwestern's negative team at Chicago; 
the Northwestern affirmative team met Michigan's negative team at 
Evanston; and the Michigan affirmative team met Chicago's negative 
at Ann Arbor. The affirmative teams always remain at home, meeting 
the opposing schools in alternate years. Thus three debates are held 
simultaneously. To win, a school must gain the decision on both sides 
of the question. The scholarships at Chicago were now reduced to two 
quarters' tuition; no cash prizes or medals were given. In the seven 
years since the organization was formed Chicago has won four and lost 
three debates with Northwestern, and won two and lost five with 
Michigan. Twice we have lost both debates; once we have won both; 
and four times there has been a triple tie. Our record, therefore, is 
creditable; our chief regret lies in our failure to defeat Michigan more 
frequently. 

It has long been a matter of common knowledge that there is little 
interest in debating at Chicago. A mere handful of undergraduates is 
all that ever attends a debate; the largest total attendance recorded is 
under 300. Very few of the faculty find time to be present, and the 
bulk of the audience usually comes from off the campus. While a 
thousand students will attend a football mass meeting to hear their 
classmates tell how they hope "to bring back the bacon," a bare score 
will attend the one debate of the year. This is really a reflection on the 
ideals of the University. While we pat ourselves on the back over the 
high standards we are setting up at Chicago, congratulating one another 
on the fact that this is not an institution for loafers, but one that trains 
for citizenship, the one activity that comes nearest to the problems of the 
day and to citizenship, at least economic and political citizenship, is 
almost ignored by faculty and students. The test political polls taken 
on the campus during the past year recorded a surprising amount of 
Progressivism here. A large part of the faculty and student body 
evidently believes in the initiative, referendum, and recall and in the 
ability of the people to decide wisely the great and complicated questions 
of the day. The equal suffrage movement is also strong here, and the 
young women believe that they should help to settle the vexing problems 



DEBATING IN THE UNIVERSITY 1 17 

of. the time. It is interesting, therefore, to observe how consistently all 
these avoid the debates in which such questions are discussed. The 
writer talked with a considerable number of Progressives during the past 
fall, urging them to help stimulate interest in debating in the University, 
at least by attending the contest on January 17. When told that the 
question was the reform of our banking system, these individuals in 
nearly every case replied that they found such questions uninteresting; 
that they could not understand the debate if they went; and that con- 
sequently they preferred to go to a dance or a basket-ball game, or to 
stay at home. Now, if progressive principles triumph, the direct vote 
of the people will solve most of our great problems, at least so far as their 
larger aspects are concerned. If it really be true that a University 
audience cannot understand the banking, the tariff, or the trust problems, 
the recall of judicial decisions, or the commission form of government 
for cities when these questions are discussed by men who have worked 
for months on the preparation of speeches which must be presented as 
clearly and logically as possible, then it seems to me that our faith in the 
popular saying that "the cure for democracy is more democracy" is 
sadly misplaced indeed. 

The ray of hope in the situation lies in the fact that the lack of 
interest in debating is not due to especial shallowness on the part of 
Chicago students. Students who enter Chicago are not made of poorer 
stuff than those of other institutions. The relative lack of interest in 
debating here is largely due to conditions on the campus. To command 
the support of any student body, an activity must be made to appear 
relatively important, and this can be done only by persistent organiza- 
tion and publicity. In schools where the debaters are equal in impor- 
tance with the football heroes, fifty or sixty men will try for places on the 
teams. The writer has known this to be true where the total student 
body numbered less than 400. Out of our several thousand students 
we had eleven candidates for the teams this year. At the University 
of Iowa 600 students will attend a debating mass meeting. We had 
sixteen, most of whom had peculiarly personal reasons for being present. 
The institutions that make a success of debating build from the ground 
up. Is it possible for Chicago to do this ? 

About five years ago a systematic plan of campaign was organized 
by our chapter of the national debating fraternity. Delta Sigma Rho. 
The first step was to bring debaters to the University. Delta Sigma 
Rho undertook to furnish from its membership judges for the debates 
held each year in the high schools of Chicago and vicinity, and to interest 
the high-school debaters in coming to the University. This part of the 



Ii8 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE 

program has been excellently carried out and it has actually borne fruit 
in the bringing of many good debaters to Chicago. 

The second step was to give Freshmen a chance to debate. The 
Pow-wow Debating Club was accordingly started, and it has done some 
fairly good work. Two debates for Freshmen were provided for: one 
with the Sophomore class and a second with the Freshmen of North- 
western. Thus up to the Sophomore year the plan may be said to have 
worked, but beyond that it has been a failure. Not one of the debaters 
brought through the Freshman year has ever represented us on the Uni- 
versity teams. For several reasons they lose interest after the first year. 

In the first place, there are here no literary societies worthy of the 
name. Chicago is almost unique in this respect. At most institutions 
the debaters are developed in the debating and literary societies. Year 
after year most of Michigan's representatives have come up out of her 
literary societies, experienced men who have participated in scores of seri- 
ous contests. We have tried to establish debating societies at Chicago, 
but without much success. The Pow-wow, as stated, does fair work; 
but the Fencibles has never been much more than an honorary society, 
its chief function being to add another item to the members' honor 
list in the Cap and Gown. The Stump, organized in 1905, as a Senior 
college and graduate society, accomplished a little for about two years, 
then died for lack of members. 

The great handicap to literary societies seems to be the fact that 
so many of our students live in the city and go home at night. The 
Pow-wow has to hold its meetings in the afternoon. They last not over 
an hour and a half, and comparatively little society spirit is generated. 
To be successful, literary societies must devote evenings to their meet- 
ings. In the second place, there are no society rooms available, and the 
clubs have to meet in classrooms. At institutions where literary- 
societies are important, they have permanent clubrooms which foster 
a sort of fraternal spirit. In the third place, there are many counter- 
attractions in connection with a metropolitan university. Friday and 
Saturday nights, set aside in so many places for literary societies, are 
here the time for theater, opera, and social functions on and off the 
campus. These factors combined seem to make effective literary societies 
impossible. As a result, if interest in debating is to be maintained after 
the Freshman year, it must be by other agencies than the debating 
societies. 

One Sophomore debate is held each year — that with the Freshmen; 
but there is no intercollegiate Sophomore contest, the only kind that 



DEBATING IN THE UNIVERSITY 119 

brings incentive to work. Sophomores are indeed eligible to the Uni- 
versity teams, but inasmuch as they have to meet here the competition 
of the graduate and law schools, the chance of making the team seems 
so slight that few try for places. They settle down to wait until they 
are Seniors or until they enter the law school. But in the meantime 
they lose their zeal. In the whirl of student activities during the Sopho- 
more and Junior years, debating is lost sight of. A large majority of 
those entering college with the hope of participating in forensics, after 
acquiring Sophomoric or Senior college wisdom, know that debating is 
not worth while. They prefer to participate in the things that count 
in college life. Dramatics give them adequate outlet for their histrionic 
propensities, and the rigor of the new curriculum furnishes the necessary 
mental pabulum. If there chances to be now and then a student who 
does not lose his perspective, who still cherishes the idea that he would 
like to debate during his undergraduate days, he deplores his choice of 
an Alma Mater and possibly pulls up stakes and goes to more promising 
pastures. Last year a fine fellow, an unusually able debater, decided to 
go to Michigan for the rest of his course because Chicago offered so 
little incentive to debating. 

Graduate and law school competition has much to do with this lack 
of interest on the part of the undergraduates. The Junior or the 
Senior would still try for the debating teams if his classmates should 
honor his achievement in representing the University in this field. But 
he sees that they do not attend debates and apparently do not care who 
represents Chicago on the platform. The reasons for this have already 
been indicated in part, but it is probable that this apathy is to some 
extent due to the fact that the members of the teams are almost unknown 
to the undergraduate body. Seldom more than one and often none of 
our six representatives is an undergraduate, the other five being in the 
law or divinity schools. Of these five, one perhaps is an alumnus of 
Chicago, while the other four were undergraduates elsewhere and are 
in reality representatives of other schools where they debated before 
coming here. Debating, therefore, does not appeal to our students as 
really one of their activities. If our six representatives were all well- 
known Seniors the various undergraduate organizations would bring 
pressure to bear to get out a crowd. The "right thing to do" would 
be to go to the debate and support the team. It is a serious question 
whether we ought not to make debating a strictly undergraduate 
activity, or at least to differentiate and have distinct undergraduate 
teams and professional school teams. 



THE FRATERNITIES AND 
SCHOLARSHIP 

In the March, 191 2, issue of the Magazine was published an analysis 
of the scholarship of the seventeen fraternities in the University for the 
Autumn Quarter, 191 1. Figures are now available for the Autumn 
Quarter, 191 2, and are published herewith. The rank of the various 
fraternities for the same quarter the year before is added for the purpose 
of comparison. 

FRATERNITIES IN THE ORDER OF THEIR RANK IN SCHOLARSHIP, 
AUTUMN QUARTER, 191 2 

(The grand totals on which the rank is based include all the undergraduate mem- 
bers of each chapter in the Autumn Quarter, and all the men pledged.) 





Rank 


Rank 


Autumn 




1911 


I 


10 


2 


6 


3 


13 


4 


15 


.") 


12 


6 


4 


7 


9 


8 


14 


9 


I 


10 


3 


II 


7 


13 


5 


13 


16 


14 


2 


15 


17 


16 


II 


17 


8 



Fraternity 



Percent- 
age of 
Grade 
Points 


Percent- 
age of 
Mem- 
bers 
Only 


Percent- 
age of 

Pledges 
Only 


No. 

Mem- 
bers 


No. 
Pledges 


3-15 


2.8s 


3-53 


12 


9 


2.70 


2.88 


2.46 


10 


8 


2.49 


2.74 


2.00 


16 


8 


2.48 


2.03 


2.90 


II 


13 


2.40 


2.50 


2.26 


7 


5 


2.38 


2.89 


1.87 


8 


8 


2.30 


2-53 


1-93 


17 


10 


2.25 


2.07 


2.81 


22 


7 


2.00 


2.08 


1-93 


10 


10 


1.99 


2.73 


1.44 


9 


12 


1.98 


1.90 


2.09 


14 


II 


1.90 


1.46 


1.96 


3 


8 


1.80 


1-35 


2.53 


16 


10 


1.78 


2.35 


I. II 


10 


8 


I-S2 


1.52 


I-S2 


10 


7 


1.48 


1.47 


1.50 


II 


6 


1.23 


1.25 


1.20 


9 


7 



Pledges 
Elirible 
at End 

of 
Quarter 



Beta Theta Pi 

Alpha Tau Omega. . . 

Delta Upsilon 

Psi Upsilon 

Phi Kappa Sigma . . . 

Sigma Chi 

Sigma Alpha Epsilon 

Alpha Delta Phi 

Delta Tau Delta . . . 
Delta Sigma Phi .... 
Phi Gamma Delta. . . 

Phi Delta Theta 

Delta Kappa Epsilon 

Sigma Nu 

Phi Kappa Psi 

Chi Psi 

Kappa Sigma 



all 

7 

6 

12 

4 
6 
6 
all 
6 
9 
7 
S 
9 
4 
3 
3 
4 



(Note. — The figures of this table are changed from those which were sent out to 
the various chapters late in January, and the ranks have shifted accordingly. The 
ranks at that time were based on the standing of the men in the fraternity only; and 
there were, moreover, certain errors in the calculation of percentages which have 
since been corrected.) 

The grand total averages are, for all, 2 . 10 grade points; for members, 
2.15 grade points; for pledges, 2.06 grade points. There were 194 
members, 146 pledges, of whom 40, or nearly 30 per cent, gained less 



THE FRATERNITIES AND SCHOLARSHIP 1 21 

than three majors and three grade points, and so were ineligible for 
initiation. 

Analyzing these figures a little, what do we find ? In the autumn 
quarter, the fraternity men averaged one-tenth of a grade point above 
C. What is C ? The minimum grade which permits of regular progress 
toward a degree. Counting members and pledges together eight 
chapters actually averaged below this minimum; the members of six 
chapters averaged below it, and the pledges of nine! Nearly 30 per cent 
of the pledges were ineligible for initiation, and of those eligible, more 
than 25 per cent were so low in standing that their chances of remaining 
in the University more than a quarter or two are very poor. That sort 
of thing is what smashes a fraternity. Of course the autumn quarter is 
the worst for scholarship among the fraternity men. "Rushing" plays 
havoc with study. But how long will it be before various chapters 
realize that their present course is simply suicide ? 

It need not be so. Take the case of Beta Theta Pi. In the year 
1910-1 1, Beta Theta Pi ranked fourteenth in scholarship. In the autumn 
of 191 2 she rose to tenth. Last autumn she came out first, with a grand 
average of better than B— , and with an average among her nine pledges 
of close to B. There was no accident about it; the members made up 
their minds to work, as well as take an interest in general activities. It 
may be put down almost as an axiom that a chapter whose pledges 
average below C, or which pledges men 25 per cent of whom are ineligible 
for initiation at the end of three months, is losing the respect of its 
alumni, and failing in its duty to itself. 



THE UNIVERSITY RECORD 



The President's Annual Report. — The 
new President's Report, showing the con- 
dition and progress of the University for 
the year ending June 30,1912, isa volume 
of nearly 250 pages. It opens with the 
personal report of President Harry Pratt 
Judson, covering the subjects of finance, 
immediate needs of the University, col- 
lege problems, the University libraries, 
Ryerson Physical Laboratory, the degree 
of doctor of philosophy, and the Univer- 
sity's coat-of-arms. Under "Finance" 
are included the budget, the Press, and 
journals, University College, and gifts; 
and under "College Problems" are dis- 
cussed the subject of shortening school 
and college curricula and the subject of 
student social life. 

The Auditor's report, which follows, 
covers twenty-one pages and includes 
thirteen statistical tables. 

The report of the Dean of the Faculties 
of Arts, Literature, and Science is pre- 
sented under the following heads: At- 
tendance, Legislation, Instruction, Ad- 
ministration, and Scholarship. Under 
"Legislation" reference is made to the 
advance in entrance requirements for the 
Junior Colleges whereby entering stu- 
dents must have sustained an average in 
their high-school course materially above 
the passing mark . Under ' ' Instruction ' ' 
attention is called to the report of the 
Dean of the College of Commerce and 
Administration and the systematic effort 
to develop effective curricula in these 
courses; under "Administration" is 
noted the wisdom of assigning to the 
Examiner's office a man free from in- 
structional duties, and the advantage of 
inviting teachers from co-operating 
schools to visit the classes of the Univer- 
sity; and under "Scholarship" is con- 
sidered the administration of scholarships 
in connection with the Library. 

The report of the Dean of the Gradu- 
ate School of Arts and Literature dis- 
cusses the present value and significance 
of the Master's degree and comments 
favorably on the situation with regard to 
the Doctor's degree. 

In the report of the Dean of the Divin- 
ity School a detailed vocational curricu- 



lum is included. The reports of the Dean 
of the Law School, the Dean of the Medi- 
cal Courses, and the Director of the 
School of Education (including the Col- 
lege and High School), the Deans of the 
Senior Colleges, the College of Commerce 
and Administration, University College, 
the Junior Colleges, and of the Dean of 
Women cover eighteen pages of the 
Report. 

The Secretary of the Correspondence- 
Study Department, the Director of Co- 
operation with Secondary Schools, the 
University Examiner, the Directors of the 
Libraries, the Press, and of Physical Cul- 
ture and Athletics make contributions to 
the Report, and the work of the Board of 
Recommendations for the year and of the 
Religious Agencies is described. Ten 
pages are given to the reports of the 
Counsel and Business Manager and the 
Registrar. 

Reports of Research in Progress include 
those from twenty-four departments and 
cover eighteen pages. The list of pub- 
lications by members of the Faculties 
covers twenty-three pages and includes 
the titles of forty-two books issued during 
the year. The volume concludes with 
fifty-three pages of statistical tables giv- 
ing summaries for the University, the 
Schools and Colleges of Arts, Literature, 
and Science, the Professional Schools, the 
Correspondence-Study Department, and 
the work of the University Examiner. 

The twentieth anniversary^ of the first 
Convocation. — On the twentieth anniver- 
sary of the first Convocation, which was 
held on January 7, 1893, five hundred 
students and alumni of the University 
and 86 members of the faculty attended 
a dinner in Hutchinson Hall for the pur- 
pose of promoting closer social relations. 
President Harry Pratt Judson, Professor 
James R. Angell, Dean of the Faculties, 
Dr. Thomas W. Goodspeed, Secretary of 
the Board of Trustees, Professor Frank B. 
Tarbell, of the Department of the History 
of Art, and Associate Professor Francis 
W. Shepardson, of the Department of 
History, spoke for the faculty, Mr. 
Donald Richberg, '01, spoke for the 



THE UNIVERSITY RECORD 



123 



alumni, and Mr. Chester Bell represented 
the student body. Mr. Norman Paine, 
president of the Undergraduate Council, 
was the toastmaster. Tables were re- 
served according to departments. The 
music for the occasion was furnished by 
the University Band and the University 
Glee Club. 

The American Philological Association 
and related societies. — Professor William 
Gardner Hale, head of the Department of 
Latin, Professor Elmer T. Merrill, Asso- 
ciate Professor Gordon J. Laing, and Dr. 
Susan H. Ballou, of the same department; 
Professor Ira M. Price, of the Department 
of Semitics, and Associate Professor Edgar 
J. Goodspeed, of the Department of Bib- 
lical and Patristic Greek, were represen- 
tatives of the University at the joint ses- 
sions of the Archaeological Institute of 
America, the American Philological Asso- 
ciation, and the Society of Biblical Litera- 
ture and Exegesis, held in Washington, 
D.C., at the end of December. Messrs. 
Hale, Merrill, Laing, and Goodspeed pre- 
sented papers, and Professor Carl D. 
Buck, head of the Department of San- 
skrit and Indo-European Comparative 
Philology, was elected a vice-president of 
the American Philological Association. 

Eugene Ysaye at the University. — The 
great Belgian violinist gave a recital in 
the Leon Mandel Assembly Hall on the 
afternoon of January 21 before an audi- 
ence that occupied even the stage. The 
classic program was drawn from Brahms, 
Viotti, Vitali, and Vieuxtemps, and the 
artist played two of his own compositions, 
"Reve d'enfant" and "Old Mute." The 
audience was especially impressed by the 
interpretation of Vitall's " Chaconne," in 
which were strikingly illustrated the 
artist's remarkable technique and beauty 
of tone. The audience was enthusiastic 
throughout the program, and at the close 
the artist gave an encore from the 
Meistersinger. His accompanist was 
Camille Decrus, whose playing was 
charmingly in sympathy with that of the 
violinist. 

On February 4 the Theodore Thomas 
Orchestra, under the direction of Frederick 
Stock, gave a concert made up of com- 
positions from Beethoven, Schubert, 
Weingartner, MacDowell, and Dvo?d.k, 
and the Orchestra will also play on Feb- 
ruary 25 and April 8. On March 11 
Alice Nielsen will give a song recital. 



The whole series is proving to be the most 
successful given at the University. 

New relations between the Universities of 
Chicago attd Cambridge. — The arrange- 
ment between the University of Chicago 
and the University of Cambridge, by 
which the latter is given the exclusive 
agency in the British Empire for the 
former's publications, is now being sup- 
plemented by a reciprocal agreement, the 
Chicago institution taking over the 
American agency for a number of the 
Cambridge publications. An arrange- 
ment has already been concluded for the 
Cambridge journals, and the following 
periodicals in the future will be issued in 
America under joint imprint : Biometrika; 
Parasitology; Journal of Genetics; The 
Journal of Hygiene; The Modern Lan- 
guage Review; The British Journal of 
Psychology, The Journal of Agricultural 
Science. 

Several new books from the Cambridge 
list are also to be taken over at once and 
published in this country under joint 
auspices. The list includes The Life and 
Letters of Lord Hardwicke, by M. Philip 
Chesney Yorke; The Duab of Turkestan, 
by W. Rickmer Rickmcrs; The History of 
Romanesque and Byzantine Architecture, 
by Thomas Graham Jackson; and The 
Genus Iris, by WilUam Rickatson Dykes. 
The publications selected all embody the 
results of research. This movement 
toward a closer co-operation between the 
two universities is a matter of special 
interest to all who are concerned with the 
advancement of scientific and scholarly 
research and the preservation of its 
results. The difficulties involved in the 
publication of such material are too 
obvious to need comment, and it is hoped 
that an arrangement that promises so 
much aid in this direction may be further 
extended. 

The University Preachers. — Dr. Samuel 
McChord Crothers, D.D., Litt.D., the 
widely known essayist and contributor to 
the Atlantic Monthly, was the University 
Preacher on February 9 and 16. Dr. 
Crothers has previously served in the 
same capacity at the University. He is 
minister of the First Parish Church in 
Cambridge, Mass. Dr. WiUiam C. 
Bitting, of St. Louis, is to be the Univer- 
sity Preacher on the last Sunday in Feb- 
ruary and the first Sunday in March, and 
on March 9 and 16 (Convocation Sun- 



124 



THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE 



day) Dr. Charles Reynolds Brown, Dean 
of the Yale Divinity School, is to be the 
Preacher. 

The Florentine Feie. — The "Florentine 
Carnival," which was given on the even- 
ing of February ii for the benefit of the 
University of Chicago Settlement, was 
one of the most elaborate and artistic 
entertainments ever given at the Univer- 
sity. The Frank Dickinson Bartlett 
Gymnasium where the fete was held was 
decorated to suggest a piazetta of Flor- 
ence in the fifteenth century — an arched 
gateway, an arcade entirely surrounding 
the court and heraldic shields and banners 
presenting a distinctly mediaeval effect. 
The participants in the carnival appeared 
in costume and masks and portrayed 
well-known literary and historical char- 
acters native to the Italian Renaissance. 
The carnival was introduced by a masque 
adapted from Milton's U Allegro, which 
was effectively recited by Dr. Edwin 
Herbert Lewis, an alumnus of the 
University. The cast of characters was 
composed of members of the University, 
and the successive parts of the poem were 
distinguished by interpretive country and 
court dances. Serpentine, confetti, and 
carnival souvenirs were sold in booths, 
and refreshments were served in the 
faculty room of the gymnasium, which 
was transformed into the formal court of 
an Italian palace. There was a great 
audience, all the boxes being sold long in 
advance. The carnival was given under 
the auspices of the University of Chicago 
Settlement League. 

President Harry Pratt Judson is named 
among the incorporators of the Rocke- 
feller Foundation, a bill for the incorpora- 
tion of which recently passed the House 
of Representatives at Washington. The 
bill requires that the election of trustees 
shall be subject to the approval of the 
presidents of Harvard, Yale, Columbia, 
Johns Hopkins, and the University of 
Chicago. President Judson attended the 
meeting of the General Education Board 
in New York on January 24, and on the 
evening of January 25 he addressed the 
Eastern Alumni Club on the progress of 
the University. 

Professor James Hayden Tufts, head of 
the Department of Philosophy, was re- 
cently made chairman of the Illinois 
Committee on Social Legislation. Other 
members of the Committee, which has 



been incorporated, are Mrs. Arthur Aldis, 
president of the Visiting Nurse Associa- 
tion, Mr. Eugene T. Lies, general super- 
intendent of the United Charities of 
Chicago, Miss Jane Addams, head of 
Hull House, and Mr. Rudolph Matz, of 
the Legal Aid Society. More than 
twenty-five charitable and philanthropic 
organizations are represented on the 
committee. 

Professor Albion W. Small, Dean of the 
Graduate School of Arts and Literature, 
was the University Preacher at Harvard 
University on December 29. Dean 
Small also gave the presidential address 
as head of the American Sociological 
Society at its annual meeting in Boston, 
and made the opening address at a ban- 
quet to the visiting members of that 
society and the American Historical 
Association. 

Assistant Professor Chester W. Wright, 
of the Department of Political Economy, 
resumed his work at the University with 
the opening of the Winter Quarter. The 
Autumn Quarter he spent in the East in 
the investigation of the trust problem. 
Before returning Professor Wright gave 
before the American Economic Associa- 
tion at its annual meeting in Boston a 
paper discussing the question of "The 
Economics of Government Price Regu- 
lation." 

Professor Robert Herrick, of the De- 
partment of English, has just completed 
a new novel, to be published by the Mac- 
millan Company under the title of One 
Woman's Life. 

The History of Egypt (Scribner's), by 
James Henry Breasted, Professor of 
Egyptology and Oriental History, has 
now been translated into German, 
Italian, Russian, and Arabic, and a 
special edition has been made in England 
for the use of the blind. His latest book. 
Development of Religion and Thought in 
Ancient Egypt, by the same publishers, 
is soon to appear in a German edition. 

Dean Shailer Mathews, of the Divinity 
School, will give in March at the Pacific 
Theological Seminary at Berkeley, Cal., 
a series of six addresses on the general 
subject of "Social Aspects of Christian 
Doctrine." Dean Mathews recently at- 
tended the meeting in New York of the 
general committee of the Federal Council 
of Churches of Christ in America, of 
which he was elected president in Decem- 
ber. While in the East he also spoke at 
Vassar College and at the Hotel Astor in 



THE UNIVERSITY RECORD 



125 



New York before the meeting of the 
mission boards of all denominations. 

Professor James R. Angell, Dean of the 
Faculties of Arts, Literature, and Science, 
represented the University at the twenty- 
first annual banquet of the Amherst Club 
held at the University Club of Chicago, 
January 23, the subject of his address 
being "The University and the College." 
Assistant Professor Percy H. Boynton, of 
the Department of English, who is a 
graduate of Amherst, was the toast- 
master. President Meiklejohn, of Am- 
herst, was the guest at luncheon of Pro- 
fessor Boynton and other members of the 
faculty who are Amherst graduates. 

A joint session of the Bibliographical 
Society of America and of the College and 
University Librarians was held in the 
Harper Memorial Library early in Janu- 
ary, the session being preceded by a 
dinner given to the visiting members of 
the two organizations by the University 
librarians, Director Ernest D. Burton and 
Associate Director J. C. M. Hanson. 

Professor J. Laurence Laughlin, head 
of the Department of Political Economy, 
appeared before the subcommittee of the 
House banking and currency committee 
at Washington on January 8 to discuss 
proposed features in banking and cur- 
rency reform. 

Assistant Professor William J. G. Land, 
of the Department of Botany, returned 
for regular work in the University at the 
opening of the Winter Quarter after an 
absence of four months in botanical in- 
vestigations in Australia and the Samoan 
Islands. He spent two months in the 
island of Tutuila in the collection and 
study of plants, and was especially im- 
pressed by the remarkable growth and 
variety of the island ferns. Dr. Land 
also made observations in and around the 
crater of Kilauea in the Hawaiian Islands. 
He brought back a large amount of 
material for use by the Hull Botanical 
Laboratory. 

William Pierce Gorsuch, of the Depart- 
ment of Public Speaking, has been elected 
president of the Chicago Dramatic So- 
ciety, which has for its purpose the study 
of the best English, American, and trans- 
lated plays, and stage interpretations of 
good plays as a means of studying them. 
Assistant Professor Henri C. E. David, 
of the Department of Romance, has been 
one of the lecturers before the society. 

The Bengal poet, Rabindranath Ta- 
gore, gave an address at the University 



on January 23, his subject being "Ideals 
of Indian Civilization." The address at- 
tracted a large audience of students and 
faculty and was delivered with great 
effect, part of which was due to the 
speaker's remarkable mastery of English, 
A number of Dr. Tagore's poems have 
recently been translated by himself into 
English and set to music of his own com- 
position. A son of Dr. Tagore is a gradu- 
ate student at the University of Illinois. 

Associate Professor S. Chester Parker, 
Dean of the College of Education, has 
recently completed an illustrated volume 
of 500 pages under the title of History of 
Modern Elementary Education. The book 
deals primarily with typical movements, 
and outlines for the student the chief ele- 
mentary school problems from the Middle 
Ages to the present time. 

At the meeting of the Sigma Xi Society 
of the University, held in the Quadrangle 
Club on January 7, Dr. Aaron .\aronsohn, 
director of the Jewish agricultural e.\peri- 
ment station at Haifa, Palestine, gave an 
address on the possibilities of increasing 
the world's wheat supply by the intro- 
duction of wild wheat from Palestine, 
which is especially adapted to growth in 
arid regions. Mr. Julius Rosen wald, of 
the University Board of Trustees, is presi- 
dent of the experiment station, and Pro- 
fessor Julian W. Mack, of the Law 
School, is one of the trustees. 

The intercollegiate convention of the 
Menorah Society was held at the Univer- 
sity in January. The convention was 
welcomed to the University by Professor 
James R. Angell, Dean of the Faculties, 
at a dinner given by the society. The 
purposes of this society arc largely cul- 
tural. Officers of the national associa- 
tion were elected, representing Harvard, 
Minnesota, Northwestern, and Pennsyl- 
vania. 

Associate Professor S. H. Clark, of the 
Department of Public Speaking, gave 
during this month a series of seven 
dramatic interpretations at Colorado 
College, the repertoire including Riders 
to the Sea and The Workhouse Ward, 
Galsworthy's Pigeon, Vanity Fair, and 
The Melting Pot. 

Professor William Gardner Hale, head 
of the Department of Latin, gave the 
salutation at the formal opening of the 
Thomas Arnold School in Chicago on 
January 22. President Abram W. Har- 
ris, of Sforthwestern University, was also 
a speaker. 



126 



THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE 



Professor T. Atkinson Jenkins, of the 
Department of Romance Languages and 
Literatures, was elected chairman of the 
Central Division of the Modern Lan- 
guage Association of America for the 
ensuing year at its recent meeting in 
Indianapolis. 

Associate Professor Henry Chandler 
Cowles, of the Department of Botany, 
who is president of the Geographic 
Society of Chicago, made the presenta- 
tion of the new gold medal of the society 
to Captain Roald Amundsen in Orchestra 
Hall, Chicago, on February 3, when the 
latter lectured on his discovery of the 
south pole. 

Associate Professor Martin Schiitze, of 
the Department of German, has prepared 
an annotated edition for college students 
of Grillparzer's drama, Des Meeres und 
der Liebe Wellen, a German version of the 
Hero and Leander legend, and has also 
written for the book a comprehensive 
introduction on Grillparzer's art as a 
dramatist. Mr. Schiitze is the author of 
an English verse tragedy on the same 
theme as the German play. 

Associate Professor Herbert E. Slaught, 
of the Department of Mathematics, has 
given editorial supervision to a new text- 
book in mathematics entitled A Source 
Book of Problems for Geometry, by Mabel 
Sykes, of the Bowen High School, Chi- 
cago. The book is based upon industrial 
design and architectural ornament. 

Recent contributions by the members 
of the Faculties to the journals published 
by the University of Chicago Press: 

Angell, Professor James R.: "The 
Duplication of School Work by the Col- 
lege," School Review, January. 

Burton, Professor Ernest D.: "The 
Expansion of Christianity in the Twen- 
tieth Century," I, Biblical World, Feb- 
ruary. 

Case, Assistant Professor Shirley J.: 
"The Nature of Primitive Christianity," 
American Journal of Theology, January; 
"The Rehabihtation of Pharisaism," 
Biblical World, February. 

Coulter, Professor John M.: "The Re- 
ligion of a Scientist," Biblical World, 
February. 

Gates, Dr. Errett: "Another Case of 
Discipline in the Prussian Church," 
American Journal of Theology, January. 

Heinzelmann, Dr. Jacob H.: "Pope in 
Germany in the Eighteenth Century," 
Modern Philology, January. 



Hulbert, Dr. James R. : " Chaucer and 
the Earl of Oxford," Modern Philology, 
January. 

Johnson, Principal Franklin W.: "The 
Hillegas-Thomdike Scale for Measure- 
ment of Quality in English Composition 
by Young People," School Review, 
January. 

Judd, Professor Charles H.: "The 
Meaning of Secondary Education," 
School Review, January. 

Marshall, Professor Leon C: "Se- 
quence in Economic Courses at the Uni- 
versity of Chicago," Journal of Political 
Economy, January. 

Mathews, Professor Shailer: "The 
New Catholic Unity," Biblical World, 
January. 

Merrill, Professor Elmer T.: "On 
Cicero to Basilus {Fam. VI. 15)," Classi- 
cal Philology, January. 

Parker, Associate Professor S. Chester: 
"Bibliographies, Briefs, and Oral Expo- 
sition in Normal Schools," Elementary 
School Teacher, January. 

Prescott, Professor Henry W,: "The 
Amphitruo of Plautus," Classical Phil- 
ology, January. 

Small, Professor Albion W.: "The 
Present Outlook of Social Science," 
American Journal of Sociology, January. 

Yamanouchi, Dr. Shig6o: "Hydrodic- 
tyon Africanum, a New Species" (con- 
tributions from the Hull Botanical 
Laboratory 166), with six figures. 
Botanical Gazette, January. 

Recent addresses by members of the 
Faculties include: 

Boynton, Assistant Professor Percy H. : 
Address at the Franklin anniversary ban- 
quet of the Chicago Typothetae, January 
10. 

Breckinridge, Assistant Professor 
Sophonisba P.: "The Woman's City 
Club," Chicago College Club, January 4; 
"Child Labor," Kent Theater, Univer- 
sity of Chicago, January 27. 

Butler, Professor Nathaniel: "Voca- 
tional Training," Leon Mandel Assembly 
Hall, University of Chicago, January 15; 
"The Relation of Business to Education," 
Business Science Club, Winnipeg, Can- 
ada, January 17. 

Chamberlin, Dr. RoUin T.: "A Visit to 
Brazil" (illustrated). Geographic Society 
of Chicago, Art Institute, January. 34. 

Coulter, Professor John M.: "Piant 
Relations," Ridge Woman's Club, Ridge 
Park, III., February 3. 



THE UNIVERSITY RECORD 



127 



'Dodd, Professor William E.: "Shall 
Lee Have a Biography ? " Chicago chap- 
ter of the Daughters of the Confederacy, 
January 20. 

Foster, Professor George B.: "The 
Future of Religion and the Religion of the 
Future," Peoria, 111., January 12; "The 
Idea of Authority," Society of Anthro- 
pology, Chicago, February 2. 

Freund, Professor Ernst: "Social 
Legislation," The Forum, Caxton Club, 
Chicago, January 5. 

Goode, Associate Professor J. Paul: 
Address before the Chicago Association 
of Commerce, Congress Hotel, January 
30; "The Great Seaports of Europe," 
Maywood, 111., February 11. 

Hoben, Associate Professor Allan: 
"The Modem Menace to the Home," 
Englewood Woman's Club, Chicago, 
January 6; "The Story and Character 
Development," Chicago branch of the 
National Story Tellers' League, Handel 
Hall, February 4. 

Leavitt, Associate Professor Frank M. : 
"Vocational Training," Leon Mandel 
Assembly Hall, University of Chicago, 
January 15. 

Linn, Associate Professor James W.: 
"Literature and Daily Life," Isaiah 
Temple, Chicago, February 5; "How to 
Read a Novel," February 5; "How to 



Read a Play," February 19, Chicago 
Hebrew Institute. 

Mead, Professor George H.: "Occupa- 
tions Open to the College Trained 
Woman," Chicago School of Civics and 
Philanthropy, January 18. 

MilUkan, Professor Robert A.: "The 
Elementary Electrical Charge and Exten- 
sion of the Bro\vnian Movement," meet- 
ing of Iowa college scientists, Iowa City, 
Iowa, January 25. 

Sargent, Professor Walter: "The De- 
velopment of Landscape Painting in 
America," Columbian Club, Dallas, Tex., 
January 20. 

Small, Professor Albion W.: "Political 
Modernism," Chicago Woman's Club, 
January 15; "The Academic Factor in 
American Life," seventeenth annual ban- 
quet of the Chicago Association of Credit 
Men, Hotel La Salle, January 27. 

Starr, Associate Professor Frederick: 
"Recent Travels in Africa," Fortnightly 
Club of Englewood, Chicago, January 14. 

Tufts, Professor James H. : " The Pres- 
ent Task of Ethical Theory," The Forum, 
Chicago, January 19. 

Wallace, Assistant Professor Elizabeth : 
"The Spanish Theater of Today," Chi- 
cago College Club, Fine Arts Building, 
February 8. 



FROM THE LETTER-BOX 



To the Editor: 

In connection with the coming of Dr. 
C. R. Henderson to Tokyo about the first 
of March, we are hoping to hold a Uni- 
versity of Chicago Club banquet. I trust 
that the Magazine will get here in time for 
that meeting. I would like also to receive 
some of the latest circulars of the Univer- 
sity, including courses of study, an- 
nouncements, illustrated folders, etc.; in 
fact anything that will bring up happy 
memories or inform us as to the present 
situation will be welcome. As you 
know, most of our members are Japanese, 
and have less opportunity than we 
foreigners of keeping in touch with the 
University. We try to make our annual 
banquet a time of instruction as well as 
fellowship, and if. you would kindly help 
us to make this year's affair a success by 
complying with the above request we 
shall all be greatly obliged. 

We are especially delighted to have the 
privilege of having Dr. Henderson with 
us, and we hope that we shall be able to 
boom Chicago while he is here. 

H. B. Benninghoff 
Tokyo, Japan 

January lo, 1913 

To the Editor: 

Alumni Clubs have shown some inter- 
est in the collection of slides in the Presi- 
dent's office. About 60 slides are 
available for use at alumni meetings. 
These are arranged so that beginning 
with a view of the old University and a 
map of the present campus the alumnus 
who acts as lecturer can proceed from 
Cobb Hall around the campus. The 
slides are as follows: 

1. The Old University of Chicago. 

2. The Douglas Tablet. 

3. The New University. 

4. William Rainey Harper. 

5. Lake Michigan. 

6. Mr. D. H. Burnham's Sketch of the 
Midway. 

7. Bird's-Eye View of the University 
Today from the Southwest. 

8. The North Campus from the Smoke- 
stack of the Power House. 



9. The South Quadrangle from the 
Smokestack of the Power House. 

10. Cobb Hall and Divinity Dormi- 
tories from the Northeast. 

11. A View of the Campus in 1892. 

12. Ryerson Physical Laboratory. 

13. Kent Chemical Laboratory. 

14. Snell Hall and Charles Hitchcock 
Hall. 

15. A View of Snell Hall Eastward 
toward the Tower. 

16. The Library of Hitchcock Hall. 

17. Ryerson Physical Laboratory from 
Hull Court. 

18. Ryerson from Hull Court. 

19. The Anatomy Building from Hull 
Court. 

20. Hull Court from Hull Gate. 

21. The Mitchell Tower and Hutchin- 
son Hall from Hull Court. 

22. Hull Court. 

23. The Interior of Hutchinson Hall. 

24. The Stairway in the Reynolds Club. 

25. The Billiard Room in the Re5Tiolds 
Club. 

26. The Reception Room in the 
Reynolds Club. 

27. Interior of the Leon Mandel 
Assembly Hall. 

28. Cast of a Comic Opera Produced 
by the Blackfriars. 

29. Miss King and Miss Baird as Celia 
and Rosalind m As You Like It. 

30. Mr. W. J. Cuppy as "Premiere 
Danseuse" for a Comic Opera. 

31. The Cloister with Mandel Hall in 
the Distance. 

32. The Tower Group from the North. 
2iZ- Frank Dickinson Bartlett Gym- 
nasium. 

34. Swimming Pool in the Gymnasium. 

35. Exercising in the Gymnasium, 
Showing the Ball Cage in Position. 

36. The Washington Promenade in the 
Gymnasium. 

37. Marshall Field during a Big Game. 

38. A Cheer Leader. 

39. The Martyn Family, Including the 
Dog. 

40. The Modern Discus Thrower. 

41. The Start of a Cross-Country Run. 

42. The Women's Halls from the 



128 



FROM THE LETTER-BOX 



129 



Midway, Showing Foster, Green, and 
Beecher. Kelly Hall is Concealed by 
Foster. 

43. The Campus in April. 

44. Interior of the Nancy Foster Hall. 

45. Emmons Blaine Hall. 

46. The Law Building from the 
Midway. 

47. Stairway in the Law Building. 

48. Reading Room in the Law Building. 

49. Haskell Oriental Museum. 

50. Residence of Harry Pratt Judson. 

51. The First Day of Spring at the 
"C" Bench. 

52. The Democracy of the " C " Bench. 

53. The Daily Maroon O&ce. 

54. The Beginning of Class Day 1902 
— the Raising of the Class Flag. 

55. The Senior Flag. 

56. The Senior Bench. 

57. The Site of William Rainey Harper 
Memorial Library. 

58. The Campus in Winter. 

59. The Law Building at Night. 

60. The Mitchell Tower. 

To bring this collection up to date it is 
the intention to secure, as soon as the 
weather is favorable, good photographs of 
the Marshall Field fence and new grand- 



stand as well as photographs of the 
Harper Memorial Library. Some alumni 
have already suggested additional slides. 
Mr. E. E. Slosson, for instance, of the 
Independent has suggested slides bearing 
the "Alma Mater" and other University 
songs. These mil be provided. - Another 
addition which will make the collection 
more interesting next winter will be a 
series of moving-picture films. For 
instance the Convocation procession in 
June, the conferring of degrees in 
Hutchinson Court, the Spring Festival, 
Marshall Field on the day of a big game, 
the Maypole Dance on Junior College 
day — all these will lend themselves well to 
moving-picture record. In bringing your 
attention to the list of slides above and 
the proposed moving-picture records I am 
seeking the co-operation of all alumni 
and students who possess negatives or 
prints of buildings or people interesting 
in the history of the University. Even if 
alumni are unable to send photographs, 
they will greatly assist by sending sug- 
gestions as to the kind of picture most 
interesting from their own point of view 
and from the point of view of those likely 
to become interested in the University. 
David A. Robertson, '03 



ALUMNI AFFAIRS 



Twin Cities Alumni Club. — "Why, I 
didn't realize there were so many Uni- 
versity of Chicago people around here!" 

This expression of surprise was heard 
on all sides at the Chicago Dinner held 
at the Leamington Hotel, in Minneapolis, 
Saturday, January i8. At this first 
gathering of alumni, former students, and 
one-time instructors of Chicago located in 
the Twin Cities there was a most gratify- 
ing attendance, numbering 86, a good 
proportion being women. To the pres- 
ence of two university presidents was 
due a large measure of the success of the 
meeting. A delegation from the quad- 
rangles headed by President Harry Pratt 
Judson went up especially for the occasion ; 
and President George E. Vincent of 
Minnesota presided as toastmaster. 

Those accompanying Dr. Judson were 
Mrs. Judson, Mr. and Mrs. David Allan 
Robertson, Mr. and Mrs. Wallace Heck- 
man, Miss Jessie Heckman, and Dean 
James Weber Linn. They reached Min- 
neapolis early on the i8th, were met at the . 
depot by Dr. Vincent, and escorted to his 
home, where he and Mrs. Vincent were 
hosts at a delightful breakfast party. 
Included among the breakfast guests were 
Professor and Mrs. A. L. Underbill, 
the latter being a sister of Mrs. Judson 
and Mr. Underbill a Chicago graduate. 
The Judsons, the Robertsons, and Mr. 
Linn were guests of the Vincents over 
Sunday. 

When President Vincent began the 
after-dinner program with so many 
familiar faces before him, it was natural 
that he should be inspired to say, 

"Backward, turn backward, O Time, in 
your flight, 
And make me a Dean again just for 
tonight." 

Those who responded to toasts did so in a 
manner that conjured up much merri- 
ment as well as "local color" from the 
quadrangle. Following is a list of the 
topics from which the speakers diverged : 
"University Migration," Professor An- 
thony L. Underbill; "New Buildings at 
Chicago," Mr. Wallace Heckman; "The 
Phoenix and the Book," Mr. David A. 



Robertson; "Alumni," Professor Albert 
E. Jenks; "Former Students," Superin- 
tendent Milton C. Potter; "There's a 
Reason," Harvey B. Fuller, Jr.; "The 
University," President Harry Pratt 
Judson; "Greetings," from President- 
Emeritus Cyrus Northrop; "The Old 
Chicago University," Rev. E. P. Savage; 
"Touche!" Dean James W. Linn. 

Throughout the entire evening it was 
evident that the spirit of loyalty and 
enthusiasm for the University, which 
certainly had been cherished by each 
individual, was finding expression in a 
"group spirit." The real purpose of 
the gathering, aside from the pleasure the 
evening afforded, was to crystallize this 
Chicago spirit into definite, permanent 
form. A committee was appointed with 
power to adopt a constitution and elect 
officers for a University of Chicago Alumni 
Club of Minnesota, the action of this 
committee to be subject to ratification at 
the next general meeting to be held dur- 
ing the spring quarter. It is proposed 
that all alumni, former students, and one- 
time instructors of Chicago residing in 
the state of Minnesota shall be eligible 
to membership. Communications in 
regard to the organization of the Club 
should be addressed to Harvey B. Fuller, 
Jr., 186-90 West Third St., St. Paul, 
Minn. 

Those present at the dinner included, 
besides the group from Chicago, the 
following: H. A. Abernethy, '99, L. K. 
Adkins ,'12, Helen Bally, '07, Harold M. 
Barnes, Ex-'o4, W. H. Bussey, '04, N. E. 
Chapman, '85, Hardin Craig, S. N. Dein- 
hard, '09, Emily E. Dobbin, '03, Agnes 
Doherty, Ex-'oy, J. F, Ebersole, '08, W. 
H. Emmons, Ph.D., '04, Florence A. 
Fonda, Ex-' 12, W. W. Frost, '02, Harvey 
B. Fuller, Jr., '08, C. H. Gingrich, Ph.D. 
'12, Fred Hall, Ex-'o2, Bertha S. lies, 
Ex-'oo, Albert E. Jenks, '97, Howard S. 
Johnson, Ex-'o6, Charles B. Jordan, '08, 
Arthur L. Keith, Ph.D. '10, Alfred E. 
Koenig, Ex-'o6, Ernest W. Kohlsaat, 
Jr., '02, Martha F. Laiblin, Ex-'io, 
Benjamin Lee, Ex-'98, Lillian Lindholm, 
'05, Edward M. Lehnerts, Ex-'97, Floyd 
Lyle, Ex-' 10, Dr. A. J. Lynt, Victoria 



130 



ALUMNI AFFAIRS 



131 



McAlmon, '12, Roy W. Memfield, '06, 
Leon Metzinger, '08, Belle K. Middle- 
kauff, Ex-'o7, Thomas W, Mitchell, 
Mary E. Mortenson, Ex-00*, Amy M. 
Mothershead, Ex-'qs, J. Anna Norris, 
Ex-'og, John J. O'Connor, Ex- '05, Luther 
W. Parker, Ex- '07, Clarence N. Patterson, 
'79, Mrs. Eugene Patterson (Elizabeth 
McWilliams), '96, Chauncey J. V. Petti- 
bone, '07, Earle V. Pierce, '94, Edward 
R. Pope, Milton C. Potter, '04, N. J. 
Quickstad, Ex-'og, Carl L. Rahn, '07, 
Ph.D. '12, S. N. Reep, '11, H. C. Richard- 
son, Ex- '04, E. V. Robinson, Edward P. 
Savage, '68, Theophilus H. Schroedel, 
Ex-'o5, Renslow P. Sherer, '09, Royal R. 
Shumway, Marion D. Shutter, '81, 
Edward T. Stoner, H. B. Street, '02, 
C. E. Tingley, Ex- '98, Anthony L. Under- 
bill, Ph.D. '06, Victor N. Valgren, Ex- '04, 
Richard Wischkaemper, Ex-'i2, Jeremiah 
S. Young, Ph.D. '02. 

H. B. Fuller, Jr., Secretary 

Spelman House Scholarship. — The 
alumnae chapter of Spelman house 
Mnshes to announce a scholarship consist- 
ing of one year's free tuition in the Uni- 
versity and $120 in cash, to be awarded 
to any graduate woman of the Univer- 
sity who wishes to specialize in social 
work. Applicants should address Anne 
S. Davis, 6 1 10 Kimbark Ave. 

News from the classes. — 
1868 

Rev. E. P. Savage is manager of the 
Children's Home Society, 31 Nourse St., 
St. Anthony Park, St. Paul, Minn. 

1879 

Clarence N. Patterson is Minneapolis 
manager of the Union Central Life Insur- 
ance Co., of Cincinnati, 704 Metropolitan 
Bldg. 

1896 

Elizabeth McWilliams (Mrs. Eugene 
L. Patterson) has moved to 744 Osceola 
Ave., St. Paul, Minn. 

Harry A. Lipsky, who is general man- 
ager of the Daily Jewish Courier, is now 
Chairman of the Committee on Leases of 
the Board of Education of Chicago, to 
which he was appointed in July, 191 1. 
He is a member also of the committees on 
School Management, and Social Centers. 

1899 
Herbert A. Abernethy is a lawyer with 
oflSce at 1601 Pioneer Building, St. Paul. 



Abernethy was the thinnest man in college 
in his day, but his figure has improved 
since then. 

Ex-1900 

Bertha S. lies is teaching at Stanley 
Hall, Minneapolis. 

1902 

Arthur L. Keith is an instructor in 
Carlton College, Northfield, Minnesota. 

Ex-1902 

Fred Hall, the first man among the 
western colleges to run the two-mile 
under ten minutes, is a member of The 
Bruce-Hall Company, 41 Scandinavian 
Bank Building, St. Paul. 

1904 

An interesting exp>eriment has recently 
been undertaken by Murray Schloss. 
Mr. Schloss believes that the field is open 
for what he calls "personal magazines," 
magazines which shall reflect a particular 
theory or personality; like, for instance, 
the "House Beautiful" or the "Philis- 
tine." He is now making arrangements 
to permit the inexpensive publication of 
such magazines by a central co-operating 
plant, probably to be located in Chicago. 
Any alumni or alumnae who are inter- 
ested may address him in care of the 
National Arts Club, Gramerc>' Park, 
New York City. Mr. Schloss ran for 
Congress on the Third New Jersey Dis- 
trict last November. As he was on the 
Socialist ticket, he failed of election, but 
he received a vote proportionately about 
200 per cent greater than any other Social- 
ist candidate in the state. 

Ex- 1 904 

Warren D. Foster has just published 
through Sturgis and Walton, "Heroines 
of Modem Progress," devoted to the 
history of women of the 19th century 
celebrated for scholarship and philan- 
thropy. 

Harold M. Barnes is general advertis- 
ing manager for the Russell-Miller Milling 
Company of St. Paul. 

1 90s 

James E. Bell is a graduate student and 
assistant in chemistry at the University 
of Illinois. 

Milton C. Potter is superintendent of 
schools in St. Paul. His address is 482 
Ashland Ave. 



132 



THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE 



1906 

Martin E. Anderson is pastor of the 
IMcKinley Memorial Church at Urbana, 
Illinois. The church was opened this 
j'ear by the Presbyterian Synod of Illinois 
and is for the benefit of those who are in 
Champaign and Urbana by reason of the 
University's presence. Its membership, 
which is strictly affiliate, is intended 
primarily for Presbyterians but includes 
also those who are not connected with any 
church in town. It is open only during 
the school year. The membership at 
present is near 200 and is very largely 
interdenominational. There is no other 
similarly organized church in Illinois. 

Mrs. Ralph W. Pool (Lillian Heck- 
man) has recently moved to Bassano, 
Alberta, Canada. 

Roy Merrifield is doing social work at 
St. Cloud, Minnesota, where his address 
is 611, 5th Avenue. 

Ex- 1 906 

Howard S. Johnson is with the Ameri- 
can Hoist and Derrick Company, St. 
Paul. 

1907 

On December 28, Miss Faith Dodge, 
Professor of Romance Languages in Milli- 
kan University, addressed the modern 
language teachers of the Arkansas State 
Teachers' Association in Little Rock, 
Ark., on more efficient methods in 
modem language teaching. 

Clyde Bain has left Wyoming and is 
running a fruit ranch in Texas. 

Lee W. Maxwell has gone to New York 
City as assistant general manager of the 
Associated Sunday Magazines. It is 
really hard to say whether Lee Maxwell 
is better as business man, golfer, or 
general good fellow. 

Carl L. Rahn is an instructor in psy- 
chology in the University of Minnesota. 

R. Eddy Matthews is now engaged as 
news editor of the Chicago Daily Press. 
His house address is 208 East 45th St. 

1908 

Harold G. Lawrence is head of the 
department of English and dean of the 
College of Liberal Arts at Winona Col- 
lege, Winona Lake, Indiana. 

Renslow Sherer is selling bonds for 
N. W. Harris & Co. His headquarters 
are the Hotel St. Paul, St. Paul, Minn. 

Charles B. Jordan's business address 
is 200 Third Ave., North, Minneapolis, 
Minn. 



Leon Metzinger is an instructor at 
the University of Minnesota. 

Ex-1908 
J. Franklin Ebersole is an instructor 
at the University of Minnesota. 

1910, 1895 

S. S. Visher,'io is the author of the parts 
dealing with geography and biology of 
South-Central South Dakota, and the 
collaborator with the state geologist, 
E. C. Perisho, '95, in the geological section 
of the volume which is the recently issued 
Bulletin 5 of the South Dakota Geological 
and Biological Survey. 

1910 

Arthur Hoffman has been re-engaged 
to coach the Tulane University eleven in 
1913- 

(Mrs.) Eleanor Karstens is Lecturer 
in the Library Schools and Secretary to 
the Librarian at the University of Illinois. 
Her address is 906 W. California Ave., 
Urbana. 

Ex-1910 

Floyd Lyle is secretary to President 
Vincent of the University of Minnesota. 

1911, 1910 

Chung Hsuan Tang, '11, is Director 
of Schools and Colleges in the Province 
of Kwang-tung, the largest province of 
China. The China National Remew 
of July 30, 191 2, has an elaborate article 
dealing with the progress of reform in 
Kwang-tung province. Other graduates, 
or former students of the University 
associated with the Kwang-tung admin- 
istration are Chien Shih-fan, ex-'io, 
commissioner of civil affairs, and Dr. 
Pan H. Lo, '11, commissioner of foreign 
affairs. Ching Tin-Tow, '10, former 
commissioner of public works, has retired 
from office. 

1911 

William A. Warriner, Jr., is with the 
Cement Stave Silo Company, De Kalb, 
111. 

OUveBickell (Mrs. C. N. Griffis) may 
be addressed care of West Coast Pub- 
lishing Co., Casilla 1265, Lima, Peru. 

1912 

Clarence A. Wood may be addressed 
care of Court of Appeals, Albany, New 
York. 

Frank A. Gilbert, who is teaching at 
the Chicago Latin School, will this 



ALUMNI AFFAIRS 



133 



summer take abroad a group of six 
boys from Chicago preparatory schools. 
With similar groups from other cities 
they will visit the leading English prepara- 
tory schools, at the invitation of the 
masters of English schools. 

Faith Carroll is teaching iil the Chicago 
public schools. Her address is 857 Bel- 
den Ave. 

Albert H. Dekker is with Reid, 
Murdock and Co., wholesale grocers. 
His address is 1063 S. Wabash Ave. 

Abigail McElroy is teaching biology 
in the Topeka (Kan.) high school, her 
address being 1274 Garfield Ave. 

Joseph D. Oliver, Jr., is with the Oliver 
Chilled Plow Company at South Bend, 
Indiana. 

Harriet Hamilton, Annette Hampsher, 
Lucile Heskett, Margaret Magrady, 
Ella Monihan, and Winifred Munroe are 
studying at the Chicago Normal School. 

Pearl McGimsie is teaching at Chis- 
holm, Minnesota. 

Laone Lumbard is studying music at 
her home, Lombard, Illinois. 

Charlotte O'Brien is teaching at Nor- 
way, Michigan. 

Ella Spiering is teaching mathematics 
and German in the Sparta (Mich.) high 
school. 

Mabel and Barbara West are at home, 
Creston, Iowa. 

Anna J. Melka is teaching at Audubon, 
Iowa. 



Kathrine Mayer is teaching physics 
and chemistry at the college of St. 
Katherine, St. Paul, Minnesota. 

1912-L 

Gustave A. Kramer, recently associ- 
ated with Hebel & Haft, attorneys, 
Chicago, has taken a position as associate 
lawyer with LeForge, Vail & Miller of 
Decatur, III. 

Ex-1912 

Charles G. MacArthur is instructor in 
Physiological Chemistry at the Uni- 
versity of Illinois, his address being 610 
Indiana Ave., Urbana. 



Marriages. — 

'12, '13. Alice M. Schilling to Rev. 
Clifton N. Hurst, on September 4, 191 2, 
at LaGrange Park, III. Mr. and Mrs. 
Hurst are now at Laurel, Montana. 

Ex- '05, '11. C. R. Lammert to Margaret 
Alice King, on December 17, 191 2, 
at Toledo, Ohio. They will live at 30 
York Terrace, New Brighton, Staten 
Island, New York. 

'12. Adelaide E. Roe to George W. 
Polk, on December 28, 191 2, at Fort 
Worth, Texas. Miss Roe is a sister of 
Mary Roe, who last year married H. F. 
Scruby. She is a member of the Mortar- 
board. 



THE ASSOCIATION OF DOCTORS OF PHILOSOPHY 



E. E. Slosson, '02, of the editorial 
stafiE of the Independent, has been ap- 
pointed as a member of the faculty in 
the School of Journalism of Columbia 
University. 

John F. Norton, 'ir, is director of 
sanitary chemistry at the Massachusetts 
Institute of Technology, Boston, Massa- 
chusetts. 

A. H. Bernhard, '94, is professor of 
science at the La Crosse, Wisconsin, 
State Normal School. 

Frank L. West, '11, is professor of 
physics and chemistry at the Utah Agri- 
cultural College, Logan, Utah. 

Reinhardt Thiessen, '07, is connected 
with the Bureau of Mines, and is located 
at Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. 

William P. Blair, who took his doctor's 
degree in the Department of Physics 
and has been connected with the United 
States Weather Bureau, has recently 



been promoted to the position of Resi- 
dent Director and Executive Officer, 
located at Mt. Weather, Virginia. 

Rev. Wm. C. Gordon, '99, is pastor 
of the First Presbyterian Church of 
Aubumdale, Massachusetts. 

W. D. Ferguson, '06, is located at 
Albany College, .\lbany, Oregon. 

Isabelle Bronk, '00, is professor of 
French Language and Literature at 
Swarthmore College. 

Henry B. Kiimmel, '95, is State Geolo- 
gist of New Jersey and is located at 
Trenton, New Jersey. 

H. F. Allen, '05, is professor of Greek 
at Washington and Jefferson University, 
Washington, Pennsylvania. 

L. Estelle Appleton, '09, is special lec- 
turer in the Kindergarten Training School 
at Grand Rapids, Michigan, her subjects 
being Child Study, Psychology, History 
of Education, and Primary Methods. 



134 



THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE 



At the meeting of the Classical Associa- 
tion of the Northwest in November, 191 2, 
the following Chicago Doctors were on 
the program: Evan T. Sage, '08, of the 
University of Washington read a paper 
on the " Tribunate of Tiberius Gracchus." 
He was also re-elected secretary for the 
year 191 2-13. At the same meeting 
Kelley Rees, '06, of Reed College, was 
chairman of the local committee. 

At the meeting of the Washington 
State Philological Society in Seattle in 
December, 1912, T. S. Graves, '12, of the 
University of Washington, read a paper 
on "Night Scenes in the Elizabethan 
Theater," and Dr. Evan T. Sage pre- 
sented a paper, "The Christian Attitude 
toward Pagan Rhetoric: with Examples 
from Ambrosius and Hieronymus." 

T. K. Sidey, '00, of the University of 
Washington is on leave of absence this 
year and is working in Rome. 

"Necessary and Sufficient Conditions 
for the Interchange of Limit and Summa- 
tion in the Case of Sequences of Infinite 
Series of a Certain Type" is the title of a 
paper by T. H. Hildebrandt, '10, which 
appeared in Annals of Mathematics 
for December, 191 2. 

At some of the recent scientific meet- 
ings it has been the custom for Doctors 
of the University of Chicago to get 
together at either a dinner or smoker. 
In some cases arrangements for such a 
gathering have been made through some 
member of the faculty in a given depart- 
ment who is also a Doctor of the Univer- 
sity. Some of these meetings have been 
most enjoyable and successful, the result 
being that Doctors whose work should 
naturally draw them together are 
getting better acquainted with each other. 
This feature has an important bearing 
on the report of the committee appointed 



at the last annual meeting concerning 
better methods for promoting the inter- 
ests of the Doctors. This report will 
soon be published through the tlniversity 
Magazine, and a communication will be 
sent to all Doctors concerning it. 

In connection with the desirability 
of attendance upon scientific meetings, 
if for no other reason than for the pro- 
motion of acquaintance and good fellow- 
ship, a recent action of Oberlin College 
raises an interesting question which 
might well come up in any institution. 
The action referred to was the inclusion 
in the regular budget of a special appro- 
priation to be used in defraying the 
expenses of administrative officers, pro- 
fessors, and associate professors who wish 
to attend meetings of scientific societies 
and other gatherings of a professional 
nature. The faculty is divided into ten 
groups, and each has a proportionate 
share in the general fund. 

The total number of Doctors including 
the December, 191 2, Convocation is now 
713, of whom about 700 are living. Re- 
cently some figures were compiled with 
respect to 692 Doctors, including the 
June, 191 2, Convocation. Of this num- 
ber 561 were engaged in teaching, 506 
being in colleges and universities, 26 in 
normal schools, and 29 in secondary 
schools. Of the remaining Doctors 14 
were engaged in social research work, 28 
in government service, 25 in business, 
23 in the ministry, 14 are women who are 
married, 10 are engaged in social service, 
27 in miscellaneous activities, and 27 
unknown. These figures include 16 
that belong to more than one group; for 
instance, some are in government service 
and also teaching and some women who 
are married are also teaching. 



UNDERGRADUATE AFFAIRS 



General. — At the Washington Prome- 
nade, to be held in Bartlett Gymnasium 
on February 2 1 , the general chairman will 
be Hiram L. Kennicott, '13, and chair- 
man of the Finance Committee, Donald 
Breed, '13. Kennicott is editor of the 
Daily Maroon, and was one of the authors 
of the Blackf riars play last year. He is a 
member of Chi Psi. Breed was president 
of the Junior class, managing editor of 
the Cap and Gown, and business manager 
of the Dramatic Club last year; he is one 
of the authors of this year's Blackfriars 
play. He is a member of Alpha Delta 
Phi. Other committee chairmen are: 
Arrangements, W. V. Bowers; Recep- 
tion; Florence Rothermel; Decoration, 
Sanford Sellers, Jr.; and Printing, Fred 
Steinbrecher. 

The first issue of the Chicago Literary 
Monthly, an undergraduate magazine, 
will appear, it is expected, some time in 
March. The editors are Donald Breed, 
'13, Myra Reynolds, '13, Roderick Peat- 
tie, '14, and Frank O'Hara, '15. The 
business staflf includes William Hefferan 
as manager and William H. Lyman as 
assistant. 

Delta Sigma Phi, which has just com- 
pleted its second year of existence at 
Chicago, was on January 28 admitted to 
membership in the Interfratemity Coun- 
cil. All of the 17 fraternities at Chicago 
are now represented in the Council. 

Eight undergraduates were elected to 
associate membership in the University 
Dramatic Club on January 28. Full 
membership will follow their appearance 
in a public performance. Those elected 
were Lucile English, Marian Jarvis, 
Ellen Peterson, Margaret Rhodes, Iris 
Spohn, James Dyrenforth, Joseph Geary, 
and Charles Oppenheim. 

The Dramatic Club will give Rudolph 
Besier's Don at Mandel Hall on February 
28 and March i. The cast has been 
selected as follows: 

Canon Bonington Dudley Dunn 

Mrs. Bonington Martha Green 

Stephen Bonington, alias Don.. Donald Breed 

General Sinclair Henry Shull 

Mrs. Sinclair Emma Clark 

Ann Sinclair Effie Hewitt 

Albert Thompsett Ben Goodman 

Elizabeth Thompsett Beryl Gilbert 

Fanny Thompsett Harriet Tuthill 



Don was presented in Chicago, by Mrs. 
Fiske four years ago. 

At the elections to the University 
Council, held on February 14, Miss 
Ruth Hough, Roderick Peattie, and 
Erling H. Lunde were chosen from the 
Lower Seniors, Clyde Watkins and Miss 
Dorothy Llewellyn from the Upper 
Juniors, and Miss Dorothy Farwell from 
the Lower Juniors. There was a total 
vote of 1,088, 31 more than last year, and 
very large considering that it represented 
only three-fourths of the actual under- 
graduate body. 

A plan has been proposed, and will 
be voted upon as an amendment to the 
Reynolds Club constitution, whereby 
the dues are reduced to one dollar a 
quarter, and are payable as part of the 
regular tuition bill of every undergradu- 
ate. In other words, membership in the 
Reynolds Club becomes automatic. The 
new plan would increase the club's 
income about $100 a quarter, but would 
of course increase the expenses also. 
If adopted it must secure the approval 
of the university administration. 

The following musical numbers were 
passed upon and accepted by the Black- 
friars Committee for this year's play. 
In every case the words are by Breed and 
Peattie, the authors of the show. 

Act I 

Overture Richard Meyers, '11 

Opening Chorus William Achi 

Entrance of Wilhelmina Lewis Fuiks 

Crime, Crime, Crime Lewis Fuiks 

It's Very, Very Funny Lewis Fuiks 

Finale Richard Meyers, '11 

Act II 

A Serenade Lewis Fuiks 

A Barcarolle Henry Barton 

I'm Afraid of a Buccaneer Lewis Fuiks 

Wilhelmina Henry Bosworth 

Grape Festival John Rhodes, ex-' 10 

Gypsy Dance John Rhodes, ex-' 10 

The music for six other songs, including 
the finale of the second act, has not been 
decided upon. It is probable that the 
play will be called The Pranks of Paprika, 
but this too has not been definitely 
settled. 

The bronze aluminum memorial tablet 
of the class of 191 1 has been set in place 
in the floor of the lower corridor of 

13s 



13.6 



THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE 



Mitchell tower. The delay in placing 
the tablet has been due to the fact that 
the official seal and motto of the Uni- 
versity had not been adopted at the time 
the class voted the tablet. 

A series of clubs for Freshman women 
has been planned and partly organized 
by members of Kalailu. The clubs 
already in being are Dramatic and 
Musical, Athletic, and Modern Fiction. 
Arts and Crafts and Social Service 
Clubs will be added later. The object 
of the clubs is to bring together in groups 
like-minded young women who might 
otherwise miss each other. 

The Fine Arts Theater has agreed 
to sell tickets to students of the Uni- 
versity at a reduction of 20 per cent. 

Permission has been given by the 
Board of Student Organizations for a 
Glee Club trip to the Pacific Coast, at 
the end of March. The trip, which will 
occupy two weeks, will be under the 
management of the Atchison, Topeka 
& Santa Fe Railroad. Musical Director 
Stevens, and one other member of the 
faculty, who has not yet been fixed upon, 
will accompany the club. The men leave 
on Friday, March 2 1 . Examinations will 
be given en route, under Mr. Stevens' 
supervision. 

An interesting departure from the 
general run of questions for intercollegiate 
debates is the one chosen for the Fresh- 
man debate between Chicago and North- 
western, to be held in Mandel Hall April 
18. The question, selected by Chicago, 
is "Resolved, that Conference baseball 
players should be permitted to play sum- 
mer baseball for pay without forfeiting 
their eligibility for competition in Con- 
ference contests." Northwestern has 
chosen to defend the negative. 

Athletics. — The games of the basket- 
ball team so far have been : 

Jan. 14 Armour S3-1S 

17 Iowa 28- 8 

21 Northwestern. 28-25 (At Evanston) 
25 Wisconsin. . . . 18-31 (At Madison) 

Feb. I Purdue 39-25 

4 Armour 30- 2 

9 Ohio State . . . 20-29 
14 Minnesota 23- 9 

The games lost have been to Wisconsin 
and Ohio State. Against Wisconsin 
Chicago really never had a chance. The 
Ohio State game however was a hard pill 
to swallow. Individually the Chicago 
men played well enough, except Vruwink, 
who exhibited an astonishing reversal of 



form. But as a team they showed 
nothing. Ohio State had been strength- 
ened by the addition of Cherry, a former 
Hyde Park High School star, and gradu- 
ally growing confident as the game pro- 
gressed, ended by playing rings around 
the 'varsity. The Chicago tossing and 
guarding was about equally poor. A 
week later against Minnesota, the story 
was reversed. Minnesota could not 
get near the basket, and Chicago could 
not be kept away from it. 

The standing of the leading teams on 
February 15 was as foUows: 

Won Lost Per cent 

Wisconsin 7 o i .000 

Illinois 4 I . 800 

Chicago 4 2 .667 

Northwestern 3 2 . 600 

Ohio State 2 3 .400 

Wisconsin is very strong; Illinois, 
Northwestern, and Chicago are about 
even; Iowa, Indiana, and Purdue are 
rather weak. For Chicago, Captain 
Paine has so far been able to play only a 
few minutes of the time, but his leg 
continues to improve. In the Armour 
game February 4 Vruwink was shifted 
to center and Desjardien to guard. The 
shift seemed to work, and was tried again 
with Ohio State; after which it was 
quickly discarded. Against Minnesota 
Desjardien played beautifully at center. 
Chicago's game is one of long passes and 
long tries for the basket. Against a 
quick-shooting, short-passing team, the 
eastern style, it often looks foolish; but 
Coach Page declares it is a better game in 
the long run. So much of the schedule 
is still to be played that prediction is 
dangerous. 

A most interesting development of the 
winter has been the intramural basket- 
ball series. Seven teams are entered, and 
twenty-one games were scheduled in 
January, of which but two were post- 
poned. The Sophomores had a clean 
slate in January, their victories being as 
follows: 

Sophomores — Freshmen 25-17 

Sophomores — Seniors 33~27 

Sophomores — Laws 23-10 

Sophomores — ^Juniors 30"io 

Sophomores — Medics 26- 6 

The Seniors lost only to the Sopho- 
mores and Juniors, their other games 
resulting : 

Seniors — Laws 32-18 

Seniors — Freshmen 30-14 

Seniors — Divinity 62-29 

Seniors — Medics 22-18 



IV 




WALLACE WALTER ATWOOD, '97 



n<j 



The University of Chicago 
Magazine 



Volume V MARCH I9I3 Number 5 



EVENTS AND DISCUSSION 

Those who read the Magazine are aware that this autumn will be 
published a further edition of the Alumni Directory, containing the 
names of all those who have received degrees from the 
old Chicago University, and from the University of 
Chicago up to July i of this year. In preparation for this Directory 
letters have been sent out to all alumnae and alumni whose addresses 
the association has. Many of these addresses are incorrect; and in con- 
sequence many letters have been returned. The Magazine begins the 
publication, in this issue, of the names of those whose correct address is 
not in the possession of the secretary. Will the readers of the Magazine 
help out by sending in at once any information they may possess about 
anyone in the lists ? The alumnae are in one list and the alumni in the 
other. The married name of an alumna, when known, is added in 
parentheses after her own name. Please address all information to 
Frank W. Dignan, Secretary, the Alumni Office, University of Chicago. 

A letter from Dr. Henderson in this issue on the relation of the Uni- 
versity to affairs in China seems to show that Chicago has contributed 
in a very definite fashion to the cause of progress in that 
d Chna country. In the past the eastern colleges, particularly 
Harvard, Yale, Amherst, and Dartmouth, have done 
most in this country for the education of Chinese men of affairs. Is this 
distinction passing ? The interest of Chinese students in this country 
is to a considerable extent in technical education, engineering, forestry, 
and the like ; and upon this field the University of Chicago does not enter. 
But that interest is largely also in pure science, economics, and sociology; 
and in these the University is particularly strong. The group of Chinese 

139 



140 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE 

here is always of some size and likewise of high quality. That we may 
have among our alumni in the future some forward-minded Li Hung 
Chang is not only possible but probable. One may with interest call 
attention to the increasing influence in public business of Dr. Pan 
H. Lo, 'ii. 

On February 28 and March i, the Dramatic Club gave in Leon 
Mandel Assembly Hall performances of Rudolph Besier's Don, which 

marked certainly the highest attainment in the club's 
D f Cl h ^^^^^^- Actors and actresses of promise and performance 

have not been few in the past; one remembers Milton 
Sills, '03, now playing the lead in The Governor's Lady, and Miss Vida 
Sutton, '03, best known for her work with the New Theater Company. 
But as well thought-out and well acted a show as Don has never before 
been given by undergraduates here. The Blackfriars are a vigorous and 
valuable company, but the real encouragement of the University should 
go, it would seem, not to musical comedy, but to the furtherance of 
sincere dramatic effort. Partly on account of that old handicap, the 
near neighborhood of the downtown theaters, and partly from lack of 
tradition, the play this spring was not as largely attended as it should 
have been. Another performance will, it is hoped, be staged in April, 
and if so the Chicago alumni may attend without fear that they need 
make allowances for the youth of the actors. 

Two matters of interest to the fraternities are now up for discussion. 
The first concerns a possible refusal to admit to their membership any 
men who have been members of fraternities in high schools, 
on ernmg Action to this effect has already been taken by Phi Delta 
Theta, and Beta Theta Pi will take similar action this year. 
Not one college man in ten believes that membership even in a recog- 
nized high-school fraternity is productive of anything but harm — harm 
to the boy as an individual and harm to him in his relations with his 
college fraternity. Inasmuch as membership at present in a fraternity 
in any of the Chicago high schools means deceit and defiance of regula- 
tions, it seems still more desirable for the University to draw the line 
against it. 

The second point concerns the pledging of any men whatever until 
they have actually been in attendance at the University. At present 
no rule exists in this matter. Two fraternities have for some years 
preserved a joint agreement to pledge no one until the end of his third 
week of residence. The other fifteen pledge when they please, and 
men in their second year in high school are in some instances already 



EVENTS AND DISCUSSION 141 

pledged. The trend of opinion in the colleges is strongly against this 
practice. The University of Wisconsin has this year adopted a regula- 
tion which forbids pledging until the end of the first semester. At that 
time every fraternity which wishes to pledge a man sends him, in care 
of the director of fraternities, a letter containing the bid. The director 
takes these letters (in some cases there may be four or five for one 
student) and reincloses them to the man concerned, who is then supposed 
to accept or decline within twenty-four hours. How the plan will work 
cannot yet be told, as it has only this winter gone into effect. 

Whether so radical an innovation would find favor here, with 
either faculty or fraternities, is an unsettled question. But a plan which 
forbade pledging at least until the various fraternities had an opportunity 
to view a man in residence would seem possible. The objection has been 
offered that fraternities might pledge in secret. But secret pledging 
cannot be made to hold, and would moreover result in the discrediting 
of a fraternity that practiced it. 

A note to the Magazine calls attention to the Christian Science 
Society, organized in the autumn of 191 1, and similar to the societies in 

Harvard, Columbia, Cornell, Smith, Minnesota, Illinois, 
g . c q • ty Kansas, California, and Michigan universities. The 

meetings are held on the first and third Tuesdays of each 
month and one lecture a year is given by a member of the Christian 
Science Board of Lectureship of Boston, Mass. Both graduates and 
undergraduates are eligible as members of this society and the secre- 
tary, Miss Marcia Wilbur, 5757 Woodlawn Ave., will be glad to com- 
municate with graduate students who would care to become members. 

Elsewhere in this issue is printed the introduction to Miss McDowell's 
annual report of the University of Chicago Settlement. Miss Mc- 
Dowell's interest is perhaps chiefly in what the Settlement 

Back of the 

Yards" ^^^ ^^ ^^^ ^^^ people who surround it. What it does for 

the University man and woman is hardly of less impor- 
tance. Year by year the number grows of those who take an active 
interest in furthering the Settlement's work. Boys from the Settle- 
ment classes become University undergraduates; many a University 
graduate takes up his home at the Settlement, not with the idea of 
"doing good," but because, understanding the vigorous and eager if 
uninformed people who live in that section, he enjoys living among them. 
The spirit of brotherhood and sisterhood is the true spirit of culture; 
and perhaps the Settlement is the truest "culture course" offered in the 
University, though it be not a " snap." 



WALLACE WALTER ATWOOD 

Wallace Walter Atwood, B.S. '97, Ph.D. '03, has accepted the 
position of professor of physiography at Harvard, to succeed Professor 
William M. Davis, retired. Professor Atwood was instructor at Lewis 
Institute from 1891 to 1899; at Chicago Institute (with Col. Francis W. 
Parker) from 1899 to 1900, and Director in Geology in 1900; connected 
with the University of Chicago successively as assistant, associate, 
instructor, and assistant professor from 1900 to 1910; and associate 
professor since 1910. From 1901 to 1909 he was also assistant geologist 
with the U.S. Geological Survey, and since 1909, geologist. Since 1908 
he has been secretary of the Chicago Academy of Sciences, and since 191 1 
in charge of the Museum of the Academy. 

As an undergraduate Atwood was a member of the dramatic club, on 
the staff of the University of Chicago Weekly, and business manager of the 
1896 Cap and Gown. He is a member of Delta Kappa Epsilon. His 
first interest after leaving college was, under the influence of Dr. John 
Dewey and Col. Parker, in the pedagogy of geology and physiography, 
and he has written various articles on this subject. But his principal 
interest has been in, and therefore his principal publications have 
connected themselves with, the general problems of geological research. 
As U.S. geologist he has for several years spent many months in Alaska, 
sometimes in the most distant and nearly inaccessible regions, exploring, 
mapping, and mineralogizing. The Geology and Mineral Resources of the 
Alaska Peninsula, and The Coal Resources in Parts of Alaska are the 
fruits of years of hard and interesting work. It is not too much to say 
that Atwood is the highest authority on that question of tremendous 
social and political interest, Alaskan resources and their conservation. 
Other publications— "The Glaciation of the Wasatch and Uinta Moun- 
tains"; "The Geographic Study of the Mesa Verde"; "Physiographic 
Studies in the San Juan Mountains"; "Evidence of Three Glacial 
Epochs in the San Juan Mountains of Colorado" (with K. F. Mather); 
and "The Physical Geography of the Devil's Lake Region, Wisconsin" 
(with Professor Salisbury) — show the extent and variety of his explora- 
tions. Atwood's "Summer Classes" — in Wisconsin, in Colorado, and 
elsewhere — have been equally the joy and the inspiration of the under- 
graduates lucky enough to get a place in them. As young as the 
youngest, Atwood always led the party as well as directed it. 

142 



WALLACE WALTER ATWOOD 143 

Of late years he has been particularly interested in the development 
of the Academy of Sciences. He has carried out plans for "museum 
extension," particularly to the public schools, arranged for loan collec- 
tions, loan exhibitions, lantern-slide exhibitions, and free illustrated 
lectures, all directly connected with the nature-study work in the 
schools. The Museum itself, in Lincoln Park, has been developed under 
his direction as a museum of local natural history. The material at the 
doors of Chicago has been installed in habitat groups — exhibits of the 
insects, the birds, the mammals, the flora, and the geology of the Chicago 
region. A special feature of the museum which is soon to be on view to 
the public is a large sphere in which the observer may see the fixed stars, 
the sun, the moon, and the planets represented. The sphere is so 
constructed that each of the heavenly bodies is placed with great accuracy 
in its appropriate position, and by electrical control the sphere, which is 
independent of the observer's platform, may be rotated so that the 
apparent motion of the stars is shown. It is also possible to set the 
sphere so that the stars appear just as they do in the latitude of Chicago 
at any hour on a given night. On this unique device Atwood has 
received a basic patent. It is partly to complete work which he has 
planned for the Academy of Sciences that Atwood intends to remain 
in Chicago until February i, 1914, not until which time does he take up 
his work at Harvard. 

He leaves the University with the warmest good wishes of both 
faculty and students. Rigorous but kindly, accurate but interest- 
ing, he has had crowded classes always, and the members of his own 
department are his warmest personal friends; his oldest son is named for 
Professor Salisbury. "It is with great regret," he said in an interview in 
the Daily Maroon, " that I leave Chicago and the University. I have full 
confidence in the continuation of the remarkable growth which has 
characterized this University, and I have the most cordial feeling for 
all associated with Chicago. I shall look with pride and unusual interest 
upon all that is accomplished here. I look forward to an intimate 
professional fellowship with members of this University while I am 
working at another institution." 



CHANGES IN THE PRESS BUILDING 

When the building originally intended for housing the University of 
Chicago Press was completed in 1903, it was found necessary, through 
lack of other suitable quarters, to devote a large portion of its space to 
the General Library. The reading-room and offices were placed on the 
second floor, which they occupied almost entirely, and a considerable 
portion of the third floor was taken up with library stacks. At the same 
time, a number of the business offices of the University — those of the 
Auditor, Registrar, and Business Manager — were placed in the building. 
This resulted in a crowded condition throughout the building, which was 
felt by all the occupants, and the completion of the new Harper Memorial 
Library was looked forward to by all as promising a needed relief. Now 
the library has moved into its new quarters, and all who remained behind 
have shared in the division of the additional space. 

The visitor who enters the building at the present time will find many 
changes in the arrangement of offices and departments. The University 
cashier's office in the northeast corner, first floor, has been extended back 
to take in the whole north wing, and the University employment bureau 
has been placed in the same room. The Department of Buildings and 
Grounds, with the Business Manager's local representatives, has been 
brought from the building at Ellis and Fifty-seventh Street, and these are 
now in the room formerly occupied by the Press offices; in close connec- 
tion is the University telephone switchboard, formerly in Cobb Hall. 

The front part of the second floor, formerly occupied by the Library 
reading-room, has been made into a single large office, jointly occupied 
by the administrative departments of the Press and the University 
Auditor. Small private offices for the Director of the Press and the 
Auditor have been partitioned off at the north end, but otherwise, the 
place is left as one large room extending across the entire front of the 
building, and with retreating wings at the north and south ends. On 
this same floor are now placed the book stockroom and the shipping 
department, in close proximity to the mailing department in the south- 
west corner of the building. 

On the third floor, two large rooms have been set aside for the use 
of Press employees as rest and recreation rooms, a need for which has 
long been felt. The remainder of the space has been allotted to the 

144 



IH-^ 



/ 




GENERAL OFFICES 




CIRCULATION DEPARTMENT 
THE UNIVERSITY PRESS 




JOB BINDERY 




PAMPHLET AND EDITION BINDERY 
THE UNIVERSITY PRESS 



CHANGES IN THE PRESS BUILDING 147 

bindery, which has been more crowded than any other department in 
the Press. Its capacity is now greatly increased by added equipment 
and working-room. 

The removal of the shipping department and the book storeroom 
from the basement to the second floor has provided more space' for the 
storage of paper stock and relieved the congestion in the cylinder press- 
room. It has also provided space for the storage of the back files of the 
University journals, formerly kept in the basement of Cobb Hall. 

These changes have occupied several months and are only just com- 
pleted. Only those familiar with the conditions that formerly prevailed 
in the Press building can realize how great is the advantage to all the 
departments housed therein. The steady growth of the University's 
activities is nowhere more evident than in the Press, and its constantly 
increasing business had rendered additional space an imperative neces- 
sity. The business offices of the University also will derive great 
advantage from their added facilities and from being housed together 
under one roof. 



THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO 
SETTLEMENT 

BY MARY E. McDOWELL 
Head Resident, University of Chicago Settlement 

One who sees the Settlement life for a short time, who touches its 
activities only on the surface, or one who comes into the neighborhood 
on an excursion, is likely to get a distorted or one-sided view of the 
Settlement's function. The occasional visitor who is searching for "the 
jungle" is disappointed, or the visitor with one special interest may feel 
that the Settlement does not fill the great and paramount need as the 
specialist sees it. There are times when even the residents are downcast 
over their inability to cover the needs as they present themselves. No 
matter how much a settlement does for boys, there appears much that 
is left undone or that cannot be done. If the Settlement had persons and 
money, and had the power of the Piper to attract the children and the 
boys and girls into its house as the Piper did, it would still find that the 
Burgomeister and the Alderman must be dealt with if the children are to 
be to the city an asset rather than a deficit. The Settlement finds that 
it must serve the community if it is to serve the individual or a class of 
individuals. It cannot even consider the Twenty-ninth Ward as a 
bailiwick apart from the municipality as a whole. It cannot have even 
little children as its pets. It must make the city as a whole feel a sense 
of responsibility toward every little life. 

The Settlement is not an opportunity for any one class of the com- 
munity. It is for and with the whole community. It is not a woman's 
clubhouse, though it has four organizations of women with a membership 
of over 200. Neither is it a clubhouse alone for boys and girls, though 
it has over 150 girls and young women in eight groups, and about 225 
boys and young men in twelve organizations. Neither is it a kinder- 
garten, as it was called in the early days, because it has 475 children 
under fourteen years coming every week, including 40 little ones in the 
kindergarten under five years of age. During July and August a visitor 
might easily conclude that the Settlement was built and run in the 
interest of babies, when they hear that 271 sick babies were registered 
at the tent in our little back yard. 

One might easily jump to the conclusion that it is worth while 
centering on the work of saving the lives of babies, when the effect of a 

148 



THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO SETTLEMENT 149 

three years' co-operative effort reduced the death-rate of babies under 
two years of age from one out of three to one out of five. It is a sig- 
nificant fact that of the thirty babies who died last summer all except 
two were from outside of the immediate neighborhood covered by our 
two nurses who had been giving instruction to the mothers for the entire 
year. The death-rate of babies means a citizenship that is not socially 
conscious, and for that reason the city has a health department that has 
not been able to live up to its own standards, a sanitary department 
without power to stop the overcrowding in the tenements, and a building 
department that either cannot or does not enforce its own code. The 
observer who stays long enough to know the meaning of this change in 
the death-rate of babies in this district will be able to understand why it 
is valuable to have a group of persons who believe in serving the whole 
community, and who have for years focused attention on the conditions 
of the stockyards district until the authorities have begun to act, because 
the citizenship of the whole city has demanded a change. The death-rate 
of babies in the Twenty-ninth Ward means simply that the city of 
Chicago has not had the standards of cleanliness that are expected of a 
respectable individual, and that it has not been able to see itself as others 
see it. A city that for twenty years has permitted one ward to suffer as 
a relief to the others, that has permitted a great industry to pollute the 
air of the whole city, and never considered Bubbly Creek a disgrace until 
the city was talking about it, is surely a city without well-developed 
sense of civic pride or a sense of social obligation. But the Twenty- 
ninth Ward worm turned at last and aroused the city, and at present no 
garbage is dumped into the clay hole. But, alas, refuse is allowed and 
is often part animal and vegetable stuff that does ferment. The daily 
procession of disgusting garbage wagons passes through the ward on the 
way to the reduction plant, showing that the worm must keep on turning 
from the Twenty-ninth Ward to the city as a whole, until the scientific 
system of caring for the city's waste is accomplished. 

This one illustration from the experience of the Settlement life shows 
simply that this group of people living in the University of Chicago 
Settlement House expresses a modem method of neighborliness adapted 
to the new and complex city conditions. This new kind of neighbor 
gossips in statistics gathered by trained sociologists and uses as a basis 
for helping the neighbors facts of wages and housing conditions. One 
of these neighbors who knows five hundred girls between fourteen 
and sixteen years of age who have conferred with her about going to 
work for wages has a basis for future helpfulness for such a condition 



150 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE 

that no one outside can have. In a sense the Settlement was an old- 
fashioned neighbor when the sixty-four burned-out families were offered 
hospitality, but became the modem neighbor when this experience was 
made an argument for an enlightened tenement house that would not 
only set a new standard in the stockyards district, but would be a stimulus 
as well to the other industrial communities. When the Settlement House 
is hospitable to its neighbors who are trying by collective bargaining to 
hold on to an American standard of living, it is not far from the old 
village neighborliness that collectively helped each other in time of need. 

New conditions demand new methods. When nearly 4,000 people 
live in one precinct of two blocks, when there are 75 babies in one of 
these blocks, when the Twenty-ninth Ward doubles its population in ten 
years and changes its nationality in fifteen years, neighbors cannot 
show a really sympathetic interest in the human beings living close to 
them, unless they are intelligent as well as warm hearted. This new kind 
of organized neighborliness must be personal and individual as well as 
general. The residents, through personal friendship and as leaders of 
clubs or teachers of classes, make the connection between the individual 
and the community. Canon Bamett, the founder of Toynbee Hall in 
East London, has constantly warned American settlements not to rest 
satisfied because of their many activities, for fear that they may be but 
"deadly doings." I think that those who have lived for some time in 
the centers of these many activities feel the danger of which this Father 
of Settlements warns us. It seems well for us to look backward at least 
once a year. The significant phrases heard in the earlier days were 
"sharing the life of the poor," "throwing in one's life with the com- 
munity," "burning your bridges behind you," "getting the point of view 
of those in need," and in America one heard that settlements were trying 
to realize the ideals of our forefathers — an effort toward social democracy, 
"harking back to the people," etc. — all of these phrases seem to suggest 
that there was a need of getting closer to the real life of those in the 
sordid struggle for existence, especially in the great cities, and that only 
in this way was there hope of getting at the facts for making up our 
moral judgments. 

The English settlements were a direct protest against the mechanical 
charities that had grown so powerful in England. They insisted that 
the poor were members of the same family, and could not be dealt with 
in the mass by committees or by paid agents, but that what was needed 
was hand-to-hand helpfulness, a new kind of neighborship. A social 
settlement is not a school or a handicraft shop. It is not a number of 



THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO SETTLEMENT 151 

boys' or girls' clubs or classes or sewing-schools. The public school or 
any organization may do all of these things better than a settlement. 
But no doings can supply what is given by a group of people living their 
own lives in the neighborhood because they find it interesting and in 
accord with their faith — that all are brothers, and all are citizens, and 
that the things that are common to all are stronger than the things that 
are different in all. This seems to many of us a natural relationship, 
such as was common in the days of smaller communities. In this day of 
investigation and research, when we are wanting to know all about our 
neighbors in every part of the universe, is there not a danger that too 
many of us may become statistical machines, forgetting that only by 
keeping alive the consciousness of kinship can we be sure even of securing 
the facts wanted ? 



THE MIDWAY AT DAWN 

A sky that gleams 

Through latticed boughs 
And close-set, quiet leaves; 

A pale gold light 

That filters through, 
Then spreads in shining leaves. 

A spire — a tower 

Atop the bulk 
Of massive piles of stone, 

Unreal and dim 

Through drifting veils 
Of mist like wind-blown foam. 

A silence deep 

Made musical 
By piping throats of birds, 

A-tilting high 

On top-most bough — 
Ah, beauty not in words! 

— Ida Carothers Merriam, '04 



WILLIAM VAUGHN MOODY: POET 
AND DRAMATIST 

In the early nineties a group of four young Harvard men, Robert 
Herrick, '90, Robert Morss Lovett, '92, William Vaughn Moody, '93, 
and Lindsay Todd Damon, '94, came to the new University of Chicago 
as teachers of English composition and literature. Trained in what 
were then known as the "Harvard methods" in English composition, 
by Professor A. S. Hill, Barrett Wendell, and (later) George R. Car- 
penter, they were called by President Harper to pioneer in the western 
wilderness. One would search long to find any similar group of their 
generation who have done more for the teaching of English, or for 
American literature itself. Professor Damon is now head of the depart- 
ment of English in Brown University; Professor Herrick and Professor 
Lovett, now Dean of the Junior Colleges, are still at the University of 
Chicago. As teachers, not only by the influence of their personality, 
but through their books, they have had the widest effect. Every high- 
school teacher is acquainted with Herrick and Damon's English Compo- 
sition, and Moody and Lovett's English Literature. As writers they are 
equally well known. Mr. Herrick's reputation as a novelist needs no 
comment. Although he has published nothing for some years, Mr. 
Lovett's Richard Gresham and A Winged Victory are read and re-read 
by lovers of fine work. And Mr. Moody, before his death in 1910, had 
attained the front rank among American poets. Shall we who were 
privileged to study with those men in the years when they were finding 
themselves ever forget the delight of that association ? The crisp and 
direct comment of Mr. Herrick, which never descended to sarcasm, and 
needed not the aid of sarcasm to pierce through to the sensibility of the 
most pachydermatous ? The gaily cynical, endlessly kind criticism, the 
rocking, youthful, half-embarrassed figure of Mr. Lovett ? The steady, 
systematic, constructive work required of every student by Mr. Damon ? 
Or the dreamy aloofness, the habit of slow, impersonal, vivid epigram 
which we associated with Mr. Moody ? Eight courses in all the writer 
had with one or another of that group; nor is the memory of these 
courses one which he would readily relinquish. 

A short time ago the poems, poetic dramas, and prose plays of Mr. 
Moody were issued, complete in two volumes.^ The first volume con- 

' The Poems and Plays of William Vaughn Moody, Houghton Mifflin Co. 

152 



WILLIAM VAUGHN MOODY: POET AND DRAMATIST 153 

tains also an introduction by Professor John M. Manly. As the volumes 
were brought out, moreover, under the constant personal supervision 
of Professor Ferdinand Schevdll, they have an association, from every 
point of view, with members of the University which makes some 
extended notice of them particularly fitting in this Magazine, even 
though it is true that the connection of Mr. Moody with the University 
ended in 1903, seven years before his death. The volumes offer, to one 
who has cared to read Moody, little that is new — only twelve new short 
poems, some of which have already seen publication in magazine form, 
and a fragment from an uncompleted drama in verse, The Death of Eve. 
But to have all Moody's work in this convenient form is much. When 
the promised volume of his letters is added, we shall be still more grateful. 

William Vaughn (Stoy) Moody was bom at Spencer, Ind., on July 8, 
1869. Two years later the family moved to New Albany, Ohio, and 
there the mother died in 1884, and the father in 1886. After his father's 
death Moody taught a country school till 1888, when he went to Riverside 
Academy, New York, where he helped with the teaching to put himself 
through. He entered Harvard in 1889, finished the course in three 
years, spent a year abroad tutoring, and took an A. B. in 1893. In 1894 
he took a Master's degree and was made assistant in the department of 
English. The next year he came to the University of Chicago, where 
he remained until 1903. Unwilling longer to carry through the drudgery 
of teaching, he resigned in 1903, to the great regret of Dr. Harper, and 
from that time on devoted himself to his writing. In 1909 he was struck 
down by a sudden illness from which he never recovered; in October, 
1910, a little more than a year later, in Colorado, where he had been 
taken in the struggle against his disease, he died. 

The interest in his work, for most readers, lies in his prose plays and 
in his lyric poetry. His dramas in verse. The Masque of Judgment, The 
Fire-Bringer, and the fragment The Death of Eve constitute an interesting 
trilogy; had he lived to complete the third of the group, they might have 
taken as a whole a high place in his work. Whether they would ever 
have greatly appealed to the general reader, however, is doubtful. They 
are in large measure symbolic, not subject to the laws of dramatic speech 
and action. Their larger meaning is difficult to follow. Many lyrical 
and even dramatic passages in all three are of great beauty, but the form 
of the whole is too complicated to be understood without the closest 
study. One realizes that the same may be said with equal truth of 
Shelley's Prometheus Unbound, which these dramas in other ways sug- 
gest. And had Moody left uncultivated his purely lyric gift, the high 



154 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE 

quality of these longer poems must have made his reputation. But most 
readers find in his lyrics the same fineness and beauty of expression, the 
same molten imagery, and, along with these, ideas far more easily com- 
prehended, and to the lyrics therefore they turn for their chief delight 
in Moody, 

A few words, however, about the two prose plays must precede com- 
ment upon the lyrics. Moody is probably the most widely read Ameri- 
can poet of his generation. This is because a great public which other- 
wise never would have known of him had its attention called by his plays, 
or to speak more accurately his first play. The Great Divide. In the 
spring of 1905, with Dr. Schevill, Moody spent some time in Arizona, and 
while there planned a drama which he wrote out soon after his return, 
under the title of The Sabine Woman. He read it to Miss Margaret 
Anglin, who was playing at the Garrick in Chicago. She was so attracted 
by it that she interrupted the run of her own piece to put on three special 
performances of Mr. Moody's. Unfortunately she undertook to produce 
it without time enough for rehearsal, and how that first night lagged! 
For reasons variously exploited, the delay was so great between acts that 
midnight saw the loyal audience still in the theater. But no delay nor 
makeshift scenery could conceal the attractiveness of the play. Con- 
tracts were signed that night; next season The Great Divide was the 
biggest success in the country; and its popularity still endures. This 
popularity, without much question, is due to the rapid and thrilling 
action of the first act, in which, as everybody knows, Ruth Jordan, 
attacked in her Arizona cabin, offers herself to half-drunken Stephen 
Ghent to save herself from ravishment by even worse men ; he buys off 
one brute, shoots another, and carries her oflf into the desert. But the 
second and third acts, in which the situation works itself out to the final 
cry of Ruth to Stephen, "You have taken the good of our life and grown 
strong. I have taken the evil and grown weak, weak unto death. 
Teach me to live as you do!" — these are the acts which make the play 
unusual. About the accuracy of Mr. Moody's psychological analysis 
there may be some question. In the first complete draft of the drama, 
one may note, Philip Jordan, Ruth's brother, was made to shoot Stephen 
to avenge his sister. But about the interest of this analysis there can 
be no two opinions. Ruth, in her ancestry and bringing up, is a Puritan 
of the Puritans. "Tell me," she cries, "you know that when I tore down 
with bleeding fingers the life you were trying to build for us, I did it — 
only because I loved you! .... You found me a woman in whose ears 
rang night and day the cry of an angry Heaven to us both, 'Cleanse 



WILLIAM VAUGHN MOODY: POET AND DRAMATIST 155 

yourselves!' And I went about doing it in the only way I knew — the 
only way my fathers knew — by wretchedness, by self- torture, by trying 
blindly to pierce your careless heart with pain. And all the while you — 
O, as I lay there and listened to you I realized it for the first time — you 
had risen, in one hour, to a wholly new existence, which flooded the 
present and the future with brightness, yes, and reached back into our 
past, and made of it — made of all of it — something to cherish." In this 
speech of Ruth, we have perhaps some hint of struggle in the heart of the 
poet and dramatist himself. "A pure pagan in his sensitiveness to 
beauty of all kinds .... temperamentally a mystic .... he was born 
and brought up a Puritan," so writes Professor Manly in his introduc- 
tion. " His task, as poet, was either to reject one or more of these ele- 
ments or to unify them; but he could not reject any of them, and his 
whole nature called for the unification of them .... so he ... . 
recharactered his God, as so many of us have done, and achieved a poetic 
solution of the universe." 

The Faith Healer, in composition, followed The Great Divide, although 
it had been planned years before. It was not a popular success, nor may 
one blame the audiences, for the story is very slender, and the outcome 
quite undramatic in effect. It has, however, many passages of great 
beauty; and as a reading play many prefer it to its predecessor. 

But it is to Mr. Moody's lyrics that one turns for his final word. 
Year after year it has been the privilege of some of us to read aloud to 
successive classes of Freshmen and Sophomores "Gloucester Moors," 
"The Menagerie," "An Ode in Time of Hesitation," "On a Soldier 
Fallen in the Philippines," "A Road-Hymn for the Start," "The Ride 
Back" — how the names call up images of beauty! — and the boys who 
yawn over Wordsworth, and the girls who weary of exposition rise in a 
moment to the splendor of the lines, and listen with the eagerness of the 
heart of youth to the beating of the poet's heart. 

For the lines are splendid. No other American poet, dead or living, 
has ever achieved melody as Moody has achieved it. Or is "achieved" 
entirely the wrong word ? Some of his lines, many perhaps, are beauti- 
fully but curiously wrought, worked out into their perfection: 

" The doll-face, waxen-white, 
Flowered out a living dimness." 

"Another night bke this would change my blood 
To human: the soft tumult of the sea 
Under the moon, the panting of the stars. 
The notes of querulous love from pool and clod, 



I $6 THE, UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE 

In earth and air the dreamy under-hum 

Of hived hearts swarming — such another night 

Would quite unsphere me from my angel-hood!" 

But many more seem to have sprung at once, unerring, to their loveliness: 

"Leave the forms of sons and fathers trudging through 
the misty ways, 
Leave the sounds of mothers taking up their sweet 
laborious days." 

"The proud republic hath not stooped to cheat 
And scramble in the market place of war; 
Her forehead weareth yet its solemn star." 

"To pluck the mountain laurel when she blows 
Sweet by the southern sea, 
And heart with crumbled heart climbs in the rose." 

" Give him his soldier's crown. 
The grists of trade can wait 
Their grinding at the mill 
But he cannot wait for his honor, now the 

trumpet has been blown. 
Wreathe pride now for his granite brow, 

lay love on his breast of stone." 

And their imagery equals their melody in charm. Occasionally it 
becomes too much elaborated: 

"Soon the stars failed; the late moon faded too; 
I think my heart had sucked their beams from them 
To build more blue amid the murky night 
Its own miraculous day." 

Indeed, little of his imagery may really be called simple. "The 
mai'ching sun and the talking sea," "Young incredibly, younger than 
spring" — such phrases as these are comparatively rare. But for all 
their elaboration his figures are stirring: 

"And through our hearts swept ghostly pain 
To see the shards of day sweep past. 
Broken, and none might mend again." 

"When he rode past the pallid lake 
The withered yellow stems of flags 
Stood breast high for his horse to break; 
Lewd as the pallid lips of hags 
The petals in the moon did shake." 

Rightly to estimate the value of Moody's lyric verse by such frag- 
ments, however, would be quite impossible; for every one of his poems, 



WILLIAM VAUGHN MOODY: POET AND DRAMATIST 157 

long or short, involved or simple, is possessed of an astonishing unity 
of thought. One stanza leads to another, one figure to the next. 
"Gloucester Moors" is direct, almost literal; he who runs may read. 
"The Brute" and "The Quarry" are complicated, wholly symbolic; 
they have left many a careless reader groping for their real meaning. 
But "Gloucester Moors" and "The Brute" are alike in this: no stanza, 
hardly a line, may be omitted from either without sensibly marring the 
organization of the whole. This solidity of construction is rare in 
American verse, which from Lowell the New Englander to Lanier the 
Georgian has been in structure most casual. Moody has as sure a sense 
of form as Poe. 

No other poet of his generation, one thinks, had quite so intelligent 
a comprehension of his time as Moody. He writes occasionally upon 
incidental themes — "How the Mead Slave Was Set Free," "The Ride 
Back," or, more broad in scope, "A Road-Hymn for the Start." But 
almost always his subjects are identified with a larger life than the 
individual. One wearies now and then of the brilliant subtlety of 
Browning, it remains so endlessly, eccentrically, personal. One wearies 
of Tennyson for an opposite reason: he relates his feelings to national 
thought with such elaborate and painful care. But the interpretation 
of social emotion was with Moody spontaneous. He is at his best when 
he is broadest. In "Good Friday Night" and "Second Coming" he 
utters that religious wonder, neither belief nor disbelief, nor surely the 
colorless "faint trust" of Tennyson — a sense of wondering brotherhood 
in accordance with which, as Mr. Manly says, so many of us have 
recharactered our God. "Gloucester Moors" is as passionately social 
as "The Cry of the Children" or "The Song of the Shirt," and how much 
wider and finer! "An Ode in Time of Hesitation" is slow-moving, 
stately, beautiful ; yet for all this, as a political protest it rings with the 
moral indignation of Whittier himself — these are not words but flames. 
And with the lines which end it let this sketch be closed. 

Oh, by the sweet blood and young 

Shed on the awful hill slope at San Juan, 

By the unforgotten names of eager boys 

Who might have tasted girl's love and been stung 

With the old mystic joys 

And starry griefs, now the spring nights come on. 

But that the heart of youth is generous — , 

We charge you, ye who lead us. 

Breathe on their chivalry no hint of stain! 

Turn not their new-world victories to gain! 



158 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE 

One least leaf plucked for chaffer from the bays 

Of their dear praise, 

One jot of their pure conquest put to hire 

The implacable republic will require; 

With clamor, in the glare and gaze of noon. 

Or subtly, coming as a thief at night 

But surely, very surely, slow or soon. 

That insult deep we deeply will requite! 

Tempt not our weakness, our cupidity, 

For save we let the island men go free. 

Those baffled and dislaureled ghosts 

Will curse us from the lamentable coasts 

Where walk the frustrate dead. 

The cup of trembling shall be drained quite, 

Eaten the sour bread of astonishment. 

With ashes of the hearth shall be made white 

Our hair, and wailing shall be in the tent; 

Then on your guiltier head 

Shall our intolerable self-disdain 

Wreak suddenly its anger and its pain; 

For manifest in that disastrous light 

We shall discern the right 

And do it tardily — O ye who read. 

Take heed! 

Blindness we may forgive, but baseness we will smite. 



THE UNIVERSITY RECORD 



The orator at the Eighty-sixth Con- 
vocation. — James Hayden Tufts, Ph.D., 
LL.D., head of the Department of Phi- 
losophy, will be the Convocation orator 
at the Eighty-sixth Convocation of the 
University on March i8, the subject of 
his address being "The University and 
the Advance of Justice." Professor 
Tufts has been connected with the Uni- 
versity of Chicago for twenty-one years, 
having been promoted during that time 
from an assistant professorship of phi- 
losophy to the headship of the department 
and having also been for six years Dean 
of the Senior Colleges. He is a graduate 
of Amherst College and the Yale Divinity 
School, and has received the degree of 
Director of Philosophy from the Uni- 
versity of Freiburg. He has also received 
from his alma mater the honorary degree 
of Doctor of Laws. He is the joint author 
with Professor John Dewey, of Columbia, 
of a widely known volume on Ethics, 
and is the translator of Windelbrand's 
History of Philosophy. Professor Tufts 
has been president of the Western 
Philosophical Association and is now 
chairman of the Illinois Committee on 
Social Legislation, which represents 
twenty-five charitable and philanthropic 
organizations. 

A visit of inspection to the Tuskegee 
Institute. — ^President Harry Pratt Judson 
and Professor James Rowland Angell, 
Dean of the Faculties, were the guests of 
Mr. Julius Rosenwald, a trustee of the 
University, on a visit of inspection to the 
Tuskegee Institute, Alabama, during 
the week ending February 1 3 . The party 
included also Mrs. Ella Flagg Young, 
superintendent of the Chicago schools; 
Dean Thomas F. Holgate, of Northwest- 
em University; several members of the 
Chicago school board, and other citizens 
prominent in the educational and civic 
life of Chicago. They were met at 
Tuskegee by a party of well-known men 
and women from the East, including 
Seth Low, former mayor of New York, 
who is chairman of the board of trustees 
of the Institute. The results of the 
vocational training given the Negro 
students at Tuskegee under the direction 



of Booker T. Washington, the -head of 
the school, made a great impression on 
the visitors, who regard it as one of the 
most practicable and successful attempts 
to solve the Negro problem in the South. 

President Judson's views on degrees and 
curricula. — In discussing the question 
of degrees in his new annual report 
President Judson says: "The question 
arises whether it is not better to differ- 
entiate in some way between the doc- 
torate of philosophy as a degree for those 
who are especially interested in research 
and who are likely to make original 
investigation a large function, on the one 
hand, and on the other hand, a suitable 
degree for those who are studying to 
become primarily teachers, who have no 
particular qualifications for research, 
and who are not likely to engage in such 
investigations. This would increase the 
value of the doctorate as a research 
degree pure and simple, and would at 
the same time make it possible to pro\-ide 
a teaching degree which might perhaps 
be of more value to those who are seeking 
the teaching profession only." 

Professors from other institutions for the 
Summer Quarter. — Among the professors 
from other institutions already engaged 
for the Summer Quarter at the University 
are Henry A. Sill, Professor of Ancient 
History in Cornell University; John B. 
Watson, Professor of Psychology in 
Johns Hopkins University; James F. 
McCurdy, Professor of Oriental History 
in th§ University of Toronto; John J. L. 
Borgerhoff, Professor of French in 
Western Reserve University; John H. 
Latane, Professor of American History 
in Washington and Lee University; 
and Oskar Bolza, Honorary Professor 
of Mathematics in the University of 
Freiburg, who was for eighteen years 
actively associated with the Department 
of Mathematics in the University of 
Chicago and who is still Non-resident 
Professor in that department. 

Lectures before the Divinity School by 
President Gunsaulus. — President Frank 
W. Gunsaulus, of the Armour Institute of 



159 



i6o 



THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE 



Technology, who is Professional Lecturer 
on Practical Theology in the University, 
gave this month before the Divinity School 
three lectures on the fine arts. The 
first lecture (March 3) was on "Paint- 
ing," illustrated by stereopticon views 
of Rembrandt's paintings; the second 
lecture (March 10), on "Aesthetics and 
Ethics," was illustrated by twelve songs 
by the Central Church quartet; and on 
March 17 the subject was "Japanese 
Glyptic Work," illustrated by views of 
sword furniture in the Harper Memorial 
Library collections. 

Return of the Barrows Lecturer from 
India. — Professor Charles Richmond 
Henderson, head of the Department of 
Practical Sociology, who has been lec- 
turing for six months in the chief cities 
of India, China, and Japan, will resume 
his usual work at the University near 
the opening of the Spring Quarter, his 
classes being conducted for the first 
week by Dean Shailer Mathews. Profes- 
sor Henderson's lectures were on the 
subject of " Social Programs of the West," 
and they will be published soon by the 
University of Chicago Press. The Bar- 
rows lectureship, which was established 
by Mrs. Caroline E. Haskell, provides 
for a series of lectures in the Orient every 
three years on the general subject of the 
relations of Christianity to other religions. 
Professor Henderson's lectures in India 
were received with cordial appreciation 
and approval, and while in China he 
was called into conference with Chinese 
officials for his views on prison condi- 
tions in that country and suggestions for 
their improvement. Dr. Henderson was 
the United States commissioner on the 
International Prison Commission in 1909, 
and was president of the International 
Prison Congress in 1910. He is the 
author of an In Introduction to a Study 
of Dependent, Defective, and Delinquent 
Classes and also the editor of Modern 
Prison Systems. He was recently elected 
to membership in the Academy of the 
American Institute of Criminal Law 
Criminology. 

Appointment to a national commission. 
— Professor Edwin Oakes Jordan, of 
the Department of Pathology and Bac- 
teriology, accepted in February an invi- 
tation from Secretary Franklin Mac- 
Veagh of the Treasury Department to 
become a member of the National Com- 
mission for the Determination of a Stand- 



ard of Purity for Drinking Water. This 
commission has been formed in connec- 
tion with the enforcement of regulations 
relative to pure drinking water, and its 
object is to establish a federal standard 
which shall be generally applicable. 
Professor Jordan presented before the 
Illinois Water Supply Association which 
met at the University of Illinois on March 
II and 12 a paper on the subject of 
"Bacterial Examination of the Chicago 
Water Supply"; and he also gave an 
address at the ninth conference of the 
American Medical Association held in 
Chicago on February 24 and 25, the 
subject of his discussion being "Munici- 
pal Regulation of the Milk Supply." 
Dr. Jordan, with Dr. Ludvig Hektoen, is 
editor of the Journal of Infectious Diseases. 

A prize contest for Jewish students. — 
Members of the Menorah Society, an 
organization of Jewish students at the 
University, are preparing papers in a 
prize contest to be closed on March 26. 
The subjects include "The Jew in China," 
"Advantages of Studying Hebrew," 
"Psychology of the Jew," and "Jews 
and College Circles." Professor Ernst 
Freund, of the Law School faculty, 
recently addressed the club on the subject 
of "Jews in America." On March 12, 
Dr. Paul H. Phillipson, of the Depart- 
ment of German, gave an address before 
the society, and on March 28, Professor 
Albion W. Small, Dean of the Graduate 
School of Arts and Literature, will be 
the speaker. 

Lectures on ancient oriental art. — Pro- 
fessor Karl Bezold, of the University of 
Heidelberg, will lecture before the Uni- 
versity on April 17, 18, and 22. He is 
one of the leading orientalists of Germany 
and well known to oriental scholars of the 
United States. He spent over ten years 
in London preparing his oriental cata- 
logue of the famous Assyrian library in 
the British Museum, which was published 
by the trustees of the museum. Profes- 
sor Bezold speaks English as fluently as 
his native language. The lectures before 
the University will be illustrated and will 
bear on ancient oriental art, especially 
the art of Egypt, Babylon, Assyria, 
Venetia, Judea, and Persia. 

The Western Economic Society. — The 
Western Economic Society, of which 
Dean Shailer Mathews of the Divinity 
School is president, held on March 14 



THE UNIVERSITY RECORD 



l6i 



and 15 at the Hotel Sherman in Chicago 
a conference on the subject of "Scientific 
Management." Among the topics con- 
sidered were "The Spirit of Scientific 
Management," "Scientific Management 
from the Manufacturer's Point of View," 
"Scientific Management and the La- 
borer," and "The Taylor System." On the 
last subject Mr. Frederick A. Taylor, 
the founder of the system, who is a con- 
sulting engineer and the author of The 
Principles of Scientific Management, con- 
ducted a summary and questionnaire. 
Recent conferences on Scientific Manage- 
ment have been held by the Efficiency 
Society of New York, the American 
Society of Mechanical Engineers, and 
Dartmouth College. At the last men- 
tioned conference 400 business men of 
New York, Boston, and Philadelphia 
attended all the sessions. Many promi- 
nent engineers and experts accepted 
invitations to present papers at the con- 
ference in Chicago, which proved to be 
one of special significance. Professor 
Leon C. Marshall, Dean of the College 
of Commerce and Administration, is 
secretary of the society. 

President Harry Pratt Judson pre- 
sided at the tenth annual meeting of the 
Religious Education Association held in 
Cleveland from March 10 to 14. The 
general subject of the meeting was 
"Religious Education and Civic Prog- 
ress." President Judson gave an ad- 
dress before the American Medical 
Association at its ninth annual confer- 
ence in Chicago on February 24, his 
subject being 'The Need of Readjust- 
ment of Preliminary and Collegiate 
Education." On February 15, also, he 
addressed the Hamilton Club of Chicago 
on "The Higher Education and Research." 

Samuel Wendell Williston, Piofessor 
of Paleontology, will attend as delegate- 
at-large of the American Zoological 
Society, the Ninth International Con- 
gress of Zoology to be held at Monaco, 
France, from March 25 to 29. Professor 
Williston will also represent the Uni- 
versity of Chicago and will present a 
paper at the congress. Before returning 
he will spend two months in various 
museums in Germany, Belgium, and 
Paris. Dr. Williston's assistants, Mr. 
Paul C. Miller and Mr. Mauiice G. Mehl, 
will leave the latter part ot March on 
a paleontological expedition to northern 
Texas. 



The University of Chicago will be 
represented at the annual meeting of 
the Classical Association ol the Middle 
West and South, to be held in Indian- 
apolis on April 11 and 12, by Professor 
William Gardner Hale, head of the 
Department of Latin, and ifesociate 
Professor Gordon J. Laing, of the same 
department. The former will present a 
paper on "The Participation of the 
Student in the Study of Beginning Latin," 
and the latter will give an illustrated 
address on " Recent Excavations in Rome 
and Pompeii." Professor Laing lec- 
tured during the last two weeks in Janu- 
ary before the eastern societies of the 
Archaeological Institute of America, his 
subject being "Roman Africa." 

Professor Ernst Freund, of the Law 
School, is a member of the Illinois divi- 
sion of the National Divorce Commission 
and has recently drafted a bill containing 
new provisions regarding the legal aspects 
of marriage and divorce, for presentation 
to the Illinois legislature. 

Professor Shailer Mathews, Dean of 
the Divinity School, was one of the 
speakers at a dinner given in Lexington 
Hall in February to raise funds for send- 
ing Miss Margery Melcher as a repre- 
sentative of the women of the University 
to the college women of Calcutta. More 
than four hundred dollars was con- 
tributed. Miss Anna Brown, traveling 
secretary of the Student Volunteer 
Movement, was also one of the speakers. 

Professor Robert Francis Harper, of 
the Department of Semitics, has recently 
completed Volume XII of his Assyrian 
and Babylonian Letters. It will be pub- 
lished soon by the University of Chicago 
Press, and like other publications of 
that press will be handled in the British 
Empire by the press of Cambridge 
University. During the year Professor 
Harper has been assisted in his work in 
the British Museum by Mr. Leroy Water- 
man, who received the Doctor's degree 
from the University in 191 2. Dr. 
Waterman will contribute to the April 
number of the American Journal of 
Semitic Languages and Literatures an 
account of the research work being done 
in connection with the oriental inscrip- 
tions of the museum, and the account will 
be illustrated by sixty plates. Professor 
Harper returns to his regular work in 
the University at the opening of the 
Autumn Quarter. 

Professor Paul Shorey, head of the 



l62 



THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE 



Department of Greek, has accepted an 
invitation to deliver the Phi Beta Kappa 
address at the University of Missouri on 
June lo. 

Rear Admiral Charles Herbert Stock- 
ton, of the United States Navy, retired, 
gave an address before the Faculty and 
students of the University on February 
27, his subject being "A Strong Navy 
Essential to the United States." Ad- 
miral Stockton was elected president of 
George Washington University in 191 1. 

Illustrative Examples of English Com- 
position is the title of a new textbook, 
by Associate Professor James Weber 
Linn of the Department of English, which 
is published by Charles Scribner's Sons. 
It is a companion volume to the author's 
Essentials of English Composition and is 
intended to illustrate the four chief 
literary forms — exposition, argumenta- 
tion, description, and narration. Many 
of the selections in the new volume are 
drawn from living writers, including 
Galsworthy, Barrie, Bennett, John T. 
Fox, Jr., and Hamlin Garland. 

Associate Professor Herbert E. Slaught, 
of the Department of Mathematics, has 
recently become the managing editor of 
the American Mathematical Monthly — a 
journal for teachers of mathematics in 
the collegiate and advanced secondary 
fields. The journal is under the control 
of an editorial board representing eleven 
institutions, which include the Univer- 
sities of Chicago, Michigan, and Illinois. 

The University Dramatic Club suc- 
cessfully presented on the evenings of 
February 28 and March i Rudolph 
Besier's three-act play entitled Don, 
with a cast of five women and four men. 
Special scenery for the play was secured 
from the Marlowe Theater of Chicago, 
and music for the performances was 
furnished by the University Orchestra 
under the leadership of Director Robert 
W. Stevens. Through the generosity 
of the University a meeting place for 
the Dramatic Club has been provided 
in the basement of Haskell Museum, the 
entrance being on Harper Court. The 
clubroom will accommodate about 200 
people and will be equipped with a stage 
and scenery. 

Wallace W. At wood. Associate Pro- 
fessor of Physiography and General 
Geology, has accepted an appointment 
to succeed William M. Davis, of Harvard 
University, as Professor of Physiography. 
Dr. Atwood is a graduate of the Uni- 



versity of Chicago, from which he also 
received the degree of Doctor of Phi- 
losophy in 1903. He has been associated 
as geologist with both the Illinois 
Geological Survey and the United States 
Geological Survey, in the latter capacity 
doing special work for two seasons in the 
survey of the Alaska coal fields. He is 
also secretary and director of the Chicago 
Academy of Sciences. On account of 
work already in progress at Chicago, 
Professor Atwood will probably not as- 
sume the duties of his new position until 
the second semester of the next academic 
year. 

The annual competition for the 
Howard T. Ricketts prize concludes on 
April 15. The prize is awarded to any 
student in the Department of Pathology 
and Bacteriology who produces the best 
piece of original work. The prize is the 
income from a gift of $5,000 presented 
to the University by Mrs. Ricketts in 
memory of her husband, who died in 
Mexico in 19 10 of typhus fever while 
engaged in scientific investigation of the 
disease. 

A member of the Board of Trustees of 
the University, Mr. Harold F. McCor- 
mick, has provided for the interior of the 
new concrete grandstand on Marshall 
Field a racquets court, which will prob- 
ably be ready for use by the Spring 
Quarter. The cost of the new court is 
estimated at about $8,000. The walls 
are of triple thickness, the inner one 
being a fourteen-inch brick wall faced 
with special concrete which is guaran- 
teed against cracking. Mr. McCormick 
lost the national championship contest 
at racquets, at Tuxedo Park, N.Y., in 
the final round. 

The Lake Forest Players gave a bene- 
fit performance in the Leon Mandel 
Assembly Hall for the Suffrage League 
of the University on the evening of 
March 15, when By-Products, by Joseph 
Medill Patterson, The Second Story Man, 
by Upton Sinclair, and Pierrot of the 
Minute, by Ernest Dowson, were suc- 
cessfully presented. 

At the meeting of the National Council 
of Education in Philadelphia at the end 
of February, Director Charles H. Judd, 
of the School of Education, was made a 
member of a committee to decide upon 
standards and tests of educational 
eflficiency. The committee consists of 
fifteen members, Professor George D. 
Strayer, of Columbia University, being 



THE UNIVERSITY RECORD 



163 



the' chairman. Professor Judd gave 
an address at the Philadelphia meeting 
on the subject of "Developing the Co- 
operation and the Initiative of Teachers" 
and also presented before the Society 
of College Teachers of Education, which 
met wiUi the Department of Superin- 
tendence, a paper on "Some Psycho- 
logical Characteristics of the Inter- 
mediate Grades of the Elementary 
School." Among the reports of com- 
mittees on education was one by Profes- 
sor Judd on A Seven- Year Elementary 
School and Related Economies, and one 
by Professor William Gardner Hale, 
head of the Department of Latin, on 
Grammatical Terminology. In connec- 
tion with this meeting there was a dinner 
of the former students and graduates 
of the University of Chicago. 

Recent contributions by the members 
of the Faculties to the journals published 
by the University of Chicago Press: 

Burton, Professor Ernest D. (with 
A. K. Parker): "The Expansion of 
Christianity in the Twentieth Century," 
II, Bihlicd World, March. 

Chamberlain, Associate Professor 
Charles J.: "Macrozamia Moorei, a 
Connecting Link between Living and 
Fossil Cycads" (contributions from the 
Hull Botanical Laboratory 168), with 
twelve figures. Botanical Gazette, Febru- 
ary. 

Hoben, Associate Professor Allan: 
"The Church and Child Protection," 
Biblical World, March. 

Johannsen, Assistant Professor Albert: 
"An Accessory Lens for Observing Inter- 
ference Figures of Small Mineral Grains," 
Journal of Geology, January-February. 

Marshall, Professor Leon C: "The 
College of Commerce and Administra- 
tion of the University of Chicago," 
Journal of Political Economy, February. 

OflScers of the School of Education: 
"A Seven- Year Elementary School," 
Elementary School Teacher, February. 

Parker, Dr. Alonzo K. (with E. D. 
Burton): "The Expansion of Chris- 
tianity in the Twentieth Century," 
II, Biblical World, March. 

Recent addresses by members of the 
Faculties include: 

Atwood, Associate Professor Wallace 
W.: "Chicago Academy of Sciences, 
An Educational Force in the Com- 
munity" (illustrated), Illinois Academy 
of Science, Peoria, 111., February 21. 



Barnard, Professor Edward E.: "Some 
Late Results in Astronomical Photog- 
raphy" (illustrated), Illinois Academy of 
Science, Peoria, III., February 21. 

Breasted, Professor James H.: "Camp 
and Caravan in Ancient Ethiopia" 
(illustrated), University Congregational 
Church, Chicago, March 17. 

Butler, Professor Nathaniel: "The 
Business Man and Education," Lincoln 
Day dinner, Omaha, Neb., February 12; 
Address before Lake County Teachers* 
Association, Highland Park, III., Febru- 
ary 21. 

Clark, Associate Professor S. H.: 
Dramatic interpretation of Maeter- 
linck's Blue Bird, Oklahoma City, Okla., 
February 8; Lohengrin, Colorado Col- 
lege, Colorado Springs, February 18. 

Coulter, Professor John M. : " Botany," 
Illinois Academy of Science, Peoria, III., 
February 21; "Some Lessons from 
Heredity," Grand Rapids, Mich., Febru- 
ary 25; "Civic Righteousness," Asso- 
ciation of Commerce, ibid., February 
25; Address, Central High School, 
ibid., February 26; "Contributions of 
Science to the Food Supply," Committee 
of One Hundred, Association of Com- 
merce, ibid., February 26; "Plant Rela- 
tions," Ridge Woman's Club, Ridge 
Park, III., March 3. 

Cutting, Professor SUrr W.: "An 
American Estimate of Salient Features 
of Modem German Civilization," Ger- 
manistic Society, Fullerton Hall, Art 
Institute, Chicago, February 10. 

David, Assistant Professor H. C. E.: 
"Two Aspects of the French Contempo- 
rary Mind," Chicago South Side Club, 
February 11; "Modem French Drama," 
Chicago Dramatic Society, February 28. 

Downing, Assistant Professor Elliot 
R.: "The Disappearance of the Beaver," 
Illinois Academy of Science, Peoria, 111., 
February 21. 

Foster, Professor George B.: Address 
at fiftieth anniversary of the emancipa- 
tion of the slaves. Orchestra Hall, 
Chicago, February 12. 

Fuller, George D.: "Reproduction by 
Layering in the Black Spruce," Illinois 
Academy of Science, Peoria, 111., Febru- 
ary 21; "Studies of Evaporation and 
Soil Moisture in the Prairie of Illinois" 
(with E. M. Harvey), ibid., February 21. 

Goode, Associate Professor J. Paul: 
"Japan," Highland Park Club, Highland 
Park, 111., February 18. 

Heinemann, Dr. Paul G.: "Sanitary 



164 



THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE 



Aspect of Milk Supply," Illinois Academy 
of Science, Peoria, 111., February 21. 

Hoben, Associate Professor Allan: 
"Chicago's Treatment of Her Children," 
Juvenile Protective Association, West 
End Woman's Club, Chicago, February 

IS- 

Jordan, Professor Edwin O.: "Causes 
and Remedies for Infant Mortality," 
Illinois State i\s£Ociation of Nurses, 
Auditorium Hotel, Chicago, February 
12. 

Judd, Professor Charles H.: 'Changes 
in the Course of Study of the Elementary 
School to Meet the Demand for Voca- 
tional Training," City Club, St. Louis, 
February 15; Addresses, High School 
Building, Wheeling, W.Va., February 21. 

Leavitt, Associate Professor Frank M. : 
"Manual Training," South Bend, Ind., 
February 21. 

Linn, Associate Professor James W.: 
"Common Sense English," Chicago 
Press Writers' Club, John Crerar Library, 
February 28. 

Mathews, Professor Shailer: "Abra- 
ham Lincoln," Hull House, Chicago, 
February 12; "Christianity and the 
Industrial Problem," Grand Rapids, 
Mich., February 16; "The Spiritual 
Crisis in Civilization," ibid., February 
16. 

Mead, Professor George H. : "Voca- 
tional Education," Chicago Association 
of Commerce, February 19; "Democracy 
and Equal Suffrage," Equal Suffrage 
Association, Galesburg, 111., February 21. 

Moulton, Professor Forest R.: "Won- 
ders of the Heavens" (illustrated). Teach- 



ers' Federation, South Bend, Ind., 
March 4. 

Read, Assistant Professor Conyers: 
"The Civil War in England," All Saints 
School, Sioux Falls, S.D., February 15; 
"Oliver Cromwell," ibid., February 15. 

Salisbury, Professor Rollin D.: Pres- 
entation of Culver Medal to Professor 
William M. Davis, Chicago Geographic 
Society, February 19; "A Look into 
South America" (illustrated), Fuller ton 
Hall, Art Institute, Chicago, March i. 

Schevill, Professor Ferdinand: "Re- 
lations of Italy and Austria," Lovers of 
Italy, Chicago, February 26. 

Shepardson, Associate Professor Fran- 
cis W.: "Lincoln," Men's League, City 
Club, Chicago, February 12; Address, 
Chicago Hebrew Institute, February 12. 

Soares, Professor Theodore G.: 
"Necessary Adaptation of the Seminary 
Curriculum," Religious Education Asso- 
ciation, Cleveland, March 10. 

Starr, Associate Professor Frederick: 
"Liberia and the West Coast of Africa," 
Union League Club, Chicago, February 

13- 

Talbot, Professor Marion: "Housing 
in Relation to Health," Illinois Academy 
of Science, Peoria, 111., February 21. 

Weller, Associate Professor Stuart: 
"The Stratigraphy of the Chester 
Group in Southern Illinois," Illinois 
Academy of Science, Peoria, 111., Febru- 
ary 21. 

Wells, Associate Professor H. Gideon: 
"New Researches in Tuberculosis," 
Chicago Tuberculosis Institute, City 
Club, February 11. 



FROM THE LETTER-BOX 



A LETTER FROM DR. HENDERSON 

Hongkong, January 14, 1913 
Dear President Judson: 

Out of my numerous delightful experi- 
ences I must take time to recite what hap- 
pened today during my visit in Canton. 
I had already given an address to the 
students of Canton Christian College and 
then had met Mr. Chung Wong Kwong, 
commissioner of education of Kwangtung 
Province. Today several students of the 
University of Chicago invited me to a 
luncheon in the Yamen (public offices) 
of the province, when I met Mr. Wu 
How-man, governor-general of the prov- 
ince; Mr. Peter Hing, A.M. (Columbia 
University), chief justice of the province; 
Mr. Hin Wong, B.S., D.J., former student 
in the universities of Missouri, Yale, and 
Columbia, now honorary inspector of 
prisons and a journalist highly esteemed; 
Mr. Lin Bang, manager of the Bank of 
Vancouver; Mr. Frank W. Lee, C.C., 
New York City University and Crozer; 
Mr. F. O. Leiser, of the University of 
Wisconsin and one quarter at the Uni- 
versity of Chicago; and Mr. Chung Wong 
Kwon. The former students of our own 
University who gave me this delightful 
Chinese "tiffin" were: Mr. Peky T. 
Cheng, Ph.B. (class of 1910), now com- 
missioner of public works of Kwangtung 
Province; Mr. C. T. Tang, M.A. (191 1), 
president of the Provincial Normal Col- 
lege; Mr. P. H. Lo, A.M., J.D. (191 1), 
commissioner of foreign affairs of the 
province; Mr. Chien Shu-fan (Law 
School, 1910-11), commissioner of the 
interior of the province; Mr. Ching Yue, 
Ph.D., 1908, professor in the provincial 
normal college. 

After a long interview with these 
gentlemen I came away proud that 
American universities have already had 
an honorable share in helping the new 
republic to start with educated modem 
leadership; and that our own University 
is so worthily represented in the inspiring 
movement. These gentlemen are eager 



to move forward as rapidly as -possible 
and they are fully conscious of the 
immensity of the task which lies before 
them; but they are self-possessed, they 
treat the experienced men of the old 
r6gime with respect, they give great 
credit to their predecessors in office, 
they intend to offend rooted national 
sentiment as little as possible. They are 
aware that even a good innovation cannot 
be successfully introduced without a 
transformation of public opinion, and 
they are putting forth all their energies 
to promote popular intelligence. When 
public funds are scant, and while they 
are reorganizing their financial system, 
they are making an appeal to generous 
citizens for voluntary contributions, and 
large sums are being offered for the 
cause. 

It is true that a brief visit cannot 
enable one to go very far into so vast and 
complicated a problem; but this inter- 
view with a group of alert, earnest, 
patriotic, educated young leaders has 
stirred the hope that our American influ- 
ence is being felt and appreciated in this 
vast country. No man can look far into 
the future, but there are found in such 
young men reasonable promises of a 
brighter future for this great people who 
so sorely need economic, educational, 
sanitary, and spiritual progress. Our 
American representatives are in sym- 
pathy with all that is best, and are 
themselves quietly hop>eful of success 
in the new path. Certainly we can 
assure them that in this effort they have 
our best wishes for prosperity. 

They desired me to send their grate- 
ful remembrances to the President of the 
University, to their instructors in the 
Faculty of Law, and others, and they 
voiced this request in such a sincere and 
heartfelt manner that I send it forward 
to you at once, while their greetings and 
handclasps are fresh in my own thought 
and feeling. 

Yours sincerely, 

Charles R. Henderson 



i6s 



ALUMNI AFFAIRS 



Reunion of students of the old Univer- 
sity. — The Annual Reunion and Wash- 
ington Supper of the graduates and 
students of the old University of Chicago 
was held on the evening of February 2 2 in 
the banquet room of the Palmer House. 
Seventy-six of the old-time students, 
many accompanied by their wives, 
assembled in the parlors of the hotel, and 
at 6 : 45 o'clock grouped around the tables 
in the banquet haU, and called to mind 
the many similar gatherings they were 
wont to attend in the same hall away 
back in the seventies and early eighties. 

Dr. Galusha Anderson, president of the 
old University in the last years of its 
existence, came from Boston, and with 
Dr. Nathaniel Butler of the old Faculty, 
and representing the new University as 
well, were the honored guests of the 
evening. 

Not the least prominent among the 
groups gathered about the tables was the 
one made up of members of the oldest 
living class, the class of '62, and other 
classes of the '6o's. At this table sat Rev. 
James Goodman, '62, who acted as toast- 
master, in his usual happy vein, the 
youngest of them all; with him were 
George W. Thomas, '62, remembered by 
many as "Tute" Thomas, Judge Chris- 
tian C. Kohlsaat, ex-'62, of the United 
States Circuit Court, O. B. Taft, ex-'62, 
of the Pearson and Taft Land and Loan 
Co., George A. Gindele, ex-'62, president 
of the Geroge A. Gindele Building Co., 
Judge Dorrance Dibell, ex-'65, of the 
Circuit Court of Will County, Joliet, 
Judge Frederick A. Smith, '66, of the 
Appellate Court, Rev. Henry C. First, 
'66, Rock Island, George B. Woodworth, 
'69, of the Engineering Department of 
the Chicago, Milwaukee & St. Paul R.R. 

The principal address of the evening 
was by Dr. Anderson, and short talks, 
largely reminiscent of coUege days, were 
listened to from Dr. Butler, Florence 
Holbrook, '79, Grace Reed, '84, Elizabeth 
Faulkner, '85, Judges Kohlsaat and 
Dibell, George W. Thomas, John C. 
Hopkins, '82, and C. W. Naylor, ex-'8i. 
Letters were read from Professor Lewis 
Stuart, now in Rome, Joshua Pike, '65, 
and others. 



The arrangements were in the hands of 
a Committee, made up of A. J. Licht- 
stern, ex-'82, Herbert E. Goodman, 
ex-'8s, Frank J. Walsh, '86, William L. 
Burnap, '86, and E. A. Buzzell, '86. In 
addition to Dr. and Mrs. Anderson and 
Dr. and Mrs. Butler and those mentioned 
of the classes from '62 to '69 there were 
present: Mr. and Mrs. William L. 
Burnap, '86, E. A. Buzzell, '86, Dr. F. S. 
Cheney, ex-'8s, J. M. Doud, ex-'88, 
James P. Gardner, '81, O. D. Grover, 
ex-'8i, F. W. Jaros, ex-'89, A. J. Licht- 
stern, ex-'82, A. E. Mabie, ex-'87, J. 
Gorton Marsh, ex-'88. Dr. John Ridlon, 
'75, L. T. Sherman, ex-'84, W. G. Sherer, 
ex-'82, R. B. Twiss, '75, F. J. Walsh, '86, 
T. R. Weddell, '86; Mesdames EUa F. 
Googins, '83, Daisy M. IngaUs, '85, 
Edson S. Bastin Hill, Ph.D., '09; Misses 
Susan Bradley, Lydia A. Dexter Doud,'84, 
Elizabeth Faulkner, '85, Fannie B. Hart, 
ex- '87, Florence Holbrook, '79, Laura B. 
Loomis, ex-'88, Grace Reed, 84; Messrs. 
Dr. Luther G. Bass, '77, John E. Cornell, 
ex-'83, Eli H. Doud, ex-'86, John C. 
Everett, ex-'84, Charles Goodman, '97, 
George W. Hall, '81, T. M. Hammond, 
'85, Frank G. Hanchett, '82, Frank A. 
Helmer, '78, John C. Hopkins, '81, James 
Langland, '77, S. O. Levinson, ex-'87, C. 
W. Naylor, ex-'8i, Dr. John E. Rhodes, 
'76, Wandell Topping, ex-'89, George W. 
Walsh, ex-'84, S. J. Winegar, '79, George 
R. Wright, ex-'82. 

News from the Classes. — 

1896 
John Hulsart has been appointed 
cashier of the Manasquan National Bank, 
Manasquan, N.J. 

1897 

Wilbur Bassett is practicing law in Los 
Angeles, with offices at 446 Title Insur- 
ance Building. 

Frances White is teaching mathe- 
matics in the State Normal School at 
San Marco, Tex. 

William R. Bishop has left the Idaho 
State Normal School, and is now principal 
of the College Pieparatory Department 
of the Portland, Ore., Y.M.C.A. 



166 



ALUMNI AFFAIRS 



167 



1898 
Dr. Robert E. Graves has moved his 
offices to the Eagle Building, 737 Sheri- 
dan Road, Chicago. 

Ex-1899 
Olive Warner (Mrs. Alec Barnwell) is 
living in Rye, N.Y. She is in business 
on 41st St., New York City. 

TQOO 

Mathilda Castro (Ph.D. '07) has 
resigned as head of the department of 
psychology at Rockford College, to be- 
come head of the Phoebe Anna Thome 
Model School for the Investigation of 
Methods ot Teaching. The school is 
connected with Bryn Mawr College. 
Miss Castro has just left for Europe on 
a six months' visit of observation among 
the schools of France, Germany, and Italy. 

1905 
Fred Speik, for some years assistant 
to Dr. B. W. Sippy of Chicago, has gone 
to Pasadena, Cal., where he is practicing 
medicine, with an office in the Temple 
Auditoiium Building, on 5th and Olive 
streets, Los Angeles. W alter J. Schmahl, 
1901, who immediately preceded Speik 
as end on the football team, is also in 
business in Los Angeles. 

1906 

B. G. Brawley is in his first year of 
service as dean of Atlanta Baptist Col- 
lege. Mr. Brawley issues this month 
(March) through the Macmillan Com- 
pany A Short History of the American 
Negro. He was married last summer to 
Miss Hilda D. Prowd, of Kingston, 
Jamaica, B.W.I. 

1907 

Harold L. Axtell and Mrs. Axtell, 
(Gertrude Bouton, '07) are at Moscow, 
Idaho, where Mr. Axtell is professor of 
classical languages in the University of 
Idaho. 

Suzanne C. Haskell (Mrs. Harvey 
Davis) is living at 8 Ash St. Place, 
Cambridge, Mass. 

Ralph W. Bailey, '07, and Mrs. 
Bailey (Katharine Sturges Simmons, '06) 
have moved from Racine to Waupaca, 
Wis. 

1908 

Mary O'Malley is living at 5^53 Lake- 
wood Ave., Chicago. 

J. S. Abbott is now commissioner of 
the Food and Drug Department of 



the state of Texas, with his offices at 
Austin. 

1909 

Raymond D. Penny has resigned as 
instructor in English in the Michigan 
Agricultural College, and is now, after 
a brief experience as reporter- on the 
Chicago Morning World, the editor of 
Farm Life and Agricultural Epitomist, 
issued at Spencer, Ind. 

Arma A. Chenot is living at 277 Cres- 
cent St., Northampton, Mass. 

Rev. John Bradford Pengelly, is rector 
of St. Edmund's Episcopal Church, 
S8th St. and Indiana Ave. William L. 
Chenery had a long article recently in the 
Chicago Evening Post praising the social 
and civic activities ot the church under 
Mr. Pengelly. 

1912 

Horace Whiteside has taken a position 
as instructor in physics and director of 
physical training in the East High School 
of Waterloo, la. 

William P. Harms has taken the posi- 
tion of general secretary of the Infant 
Welfare Society of Chicago. The work 
of the society is both educative and 
preventive. It holds conferences at 
twelve different stations to which mothers 
bring their children to be examined by 
the physician in charge. At each station 
a nurse is employed who gives her entire 
time to the work of the society. Mr. 
Harms's address is 5522 Madison Ave. 

Ex-1912 
Harold B. Graves disappeared from 
the home of his brother, in Boston, at 
the end of January, and has not yet been 
found. It is feared that he may have 
betn temporarily mentally deranged. 
Graves came to Chicago from Cornell 
University, where he had studied engi- 
neering. His father and mother live in 
Milwaukee. 



Engagements. — 

Ex-1907 

The engagement is announced of Miss 
Florence Elizabeth Butler, daughter of 
Mr. and Mrs. J. F. Butler of Oak Park, 
III., to Martin Arthur Flavin, ex- '07, of 
Joliet, III. Mr. Flavin is secretary of 
the Star-Peerless Wall Paper Mills of 
Joliet. The marriage will take place in 
the autumn of this year. 

The engagement is announced of 
Albert N. Butler to Miss Maida Eloise 



i68 



THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE 



Searles, daughter of Mr. and Mrs. 
Lawrence Searles of 13 15 E. 5 2d St. 
Mr. Butler is a son of Professor Nathaniel 
Butler of the University. He is a mem- 
ber of Delta Kappa Epsilon.- The 
marriage will take place on April 12. 

Ex-1911 
The engagement is announced of 
Wilbur Hattery, Jr., ex-'ii, to Miss 
Ruth Adolphus, daughter of Mr. and 
Mr.=. Wolff Adolphus of 5554 Sheridan 
Road. Miss Adolphus is a graduate of 
Smith College. No date has been set 
for the wedding. 

1912 
The engagement is announced of Eliza- 
beth Burke, '12, daughter of Mrs. 
Katherine Sheiidan Burke, 6235 Ingle- 
side Avenue, to Philip Chapin Jones, a 
graduate of Massachusetts Institute of 
Technology, and now interested in the 
building of electric railways in Brazil. 
Miss Burke was twice the composer of 
the Woman's Athletic Association's 
annual musical show, and has taken an 
active part in the University Woman's 
Suffrage Association. The marriage will 
probably take place in June, and Mr. and 
Mrs. Jones will live in Sao Paulo, Brazil. 



Marriages. — 



1902 



Clara Lillian Johnston, '02, on January 
9, 1913, married Franklin H. Hitt. Mr. 
and Mrs. Hitt are living at Elko, S.C. 

1907 
Florence D. Sheetz, '07, in January, 
191 2, married Arthur Robert Eitzen, 
University of Missouri, '04, and now 
assistant bridge manager of the Kansas 
City Terminal Railroad Co. Mr. and 
Mrs. Eitzen live at 217 W. 37th St., Kan- 
sas City. 

1908 
Sarah Davie Hendricks, '08, and Ther- 
low Ganet Essington, '08, were married 
on February 26, in Madisonville, Ky. 
They will be at home in Streator, 111., 
after May I. 



Deaths. — 



1873 



Edgar Levi Jayne, A.B., 1873, died 
on July 20, 1910, at his home, 5414 Madi- 
son St., Chicago. 

1897 
Clarence E. Fish, Ph.B., '97, died on 
January i, 1913, at his home in Chicago. 



1897 

Giace Darling died on February i6, 
19 13. The following account of her and 
her work was written for the Maeazine: 

By the death of Grace Darling, on 
February 16, 1913, the University has 
lost a graduate whose life could ill be 
spared. She received the degree of Ph.B. 
in June, 1897, with Phi Beta Kappa 
honors and in 1902 took a Master's 
degree in English. She was an active mem- 
ber of Kelly House and later of Green 
House and showed deep interest in the 
more vital social activities of student life. 

From September, 1897, until a few 
months before her death Miss Darling 
was a teacher in the James H. Bowen 
High School in Chicago. Her work 
in this school led her to study the needs 
of the community in which it is situated 
and in 1901 she decided to make her 
home near the school. The home which 
she established soon became organized 
with neighborhood help as a social settle- 
ment and was known as South End 
Center. A woman's club, a choral 
society, and evening clubs for boys 
and girls were started. Within three 
years the settlement was moved to a 
larger building and a day nursery was 
opened. A visiting nurse, a school pro- 
bation officer, and other social workers 
joined the settlement household and the 
place soon became a center of wise charity 
and civic betterment. Through its 
early years of poverty and struggle, 
Miss Darling was the guiding spirit of 
the settlement, giving unstintingly of her 
time and strength and often assuming 
heavy financial responsibilities. Her 
courage never faltered. In the suffering 
and weakness of her last days it was an 
unfailing joy to her to know that South 
End Center is an established power for 
good and that its usefulness will continue 
in ever-widening blessing to the residents 
of South Chicago. It is a noble monu- 
ment to Miss Darling's foresight and 
unselfish devotion. 

Miss Darling had a rare gift for friend- 
ship. To the thousands of pupils who 
knew her in the Bowen High School she 
was a steadfast and inspiring friend. 
Always generous in her judgment, she 
sought and received the best her students 
had to give. Her sweetness of disposition 
never failed under the cares and annoy- 
ances of the schoolroom. Her belief 
in the young people with whom she 
worked was expressed in the financial 



ALUMNI AFFAIRS 



169 



aid which enabled not a few of them to 
complete high-school, college, and pro- 
fessional courses of study. 

Miss Darling was a member of St. 
Paul's Episcopal Church. Her religious 
life was deep and sincere. Her gospel 
was one of devoted service and she asked 
from others only friendship. To those 
who knew her well, her memory is an 
abiding benediction. 

1901 
Adella Nelson Todd, S.M. 1901, died 
in Leadville, Colo., on January 17, 1913. 
She had been for some years supervisor 
of the primary grades in the Leadville 
public schools. 



1903 
The death is announced of Rev. Henry 
Menke, D.B. '03, formerly pastor of the 
Congregational Church of Cassopolis, Mo. 

190S 

William Avery Butcher, Ph.B. '05, 
died on November 24, 191 1. He was, at 
the time of his death, assistant business 
manager of the Central Y.M.C.A. in 
Chicago. 

1910 

Archer Clinton Bowen, S.B. '10, died on 
January 19, 191 2, at his home in North 
Adams, Mass., of cerebral meningitis. 
Mr. Bowen was a teacher in the State 
Normal School. 



THE ASSOCIATION OF DOCTORS OF PHILOSOPHY 



So far as the facts are known those who 
have taken the Doctorate within the 
last four or five quarters are located 
as follows: 

Warder C. Allee, '12, instructor in 
biology at the University of Illinois, 
Urbana, 111. 

Harriett M. Allen, '11, instructor in 
zoology at Vassar College, Poughkeef)sie, 
N.Y. 

Dice R. Anderson. '12, professor of 
history and political science at Richmond 
College, Virginia. 

Luther L. Barnard, 'to, professor 
of history and social science, University 
of Florida, Gainesville, Fla. 

Ethel E. Beers, '12, teacher of ancient 
history at the Medill High School, Chi- 
cago, 111. 

Frank A. Bernstorflf, '11, instructor in 
German, Northwestern University, Evan- 
ston, 111. 

Edwin S. Bishop, '11, instructor in 
physics, School of Education, University 
of Chicago. 

Emory S. Bogardus. '11, assistant pro- 
fessor of sociology and economics. Uni- 
versity of Southern California, Los 
Angeles, Cal. 

Malvin A. Brannan, '12, professor 
of biology. University of North Dakota, 
Orand Forks, N.D. 

Caroline M. Bieyfogle, '12, dean of 
women, Ohio State University, Columbus, 
Ohio. 

Charles B. Campbell, '12, Areola, 111. 

Harry J. Corper, '11, physician in 
Sprague Memorial Institute, Chicago. 

Willis A. Chamberlin, '09, professor 



of German, Denison University, Gran- 
ville, Ohio. 

Edward W. Chittendon, '12, instructor 
Urbana, III. 

Harold C. Cooke, '12, Geological Sur- 
vey of Canada, Ottawa, Canada. 

Edmund V. Cowdry, '12, research 
work, Department of Anatomy, Uni- 
versity of Chicago. 

Sophia H. Eckerson, '11, assistant in 
plant physiology, University of Chicago. 

James B. Eskridge, '12, president Okla- 
homa College for Women, Chickasha, Okla. 

Charles A. Fischer, '12, Columbia 
University, N.Y. 

Laura C. Gano, '12, Richmond, Ind. 

Curvin H. Ginzrich, '12, associate 
professor of astronomy and mathematics, 
Carlton College, Northfield, Minn. 

Thornton S. Graves, '12, University 
of Washington, Seattle, Wash. 

Mason D. Gray, '12, head of classical 
department. East High School, Roches- 
ter, N.Y. 

Arthur J. Hall, '11, teacher in educa- 
tion, Richardsville, Va. 

Joseph W. Hayes, '11, instructor in 
psychology, University of Chicago. 

Stella U. Hayne, '12, Urbana, 111. 

Annette B. Hopkins, '12, Goucher Col- 
lege, Baltimore, Ohio. 

Julius T. House, '12, head of the De- 
partment of English and Sociology, 
Nebraska State Normal, Wayne, Neb. 

James R. Hulbeft, '12, instructor in 
English, University of Chicago. 

Walter S. Hunter, '12, instructor in 
philosophy, University of Texas, Austin. 
Tex. 



lyo 



THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE 



Thomas A, Knott, '12, assistant pro- 
fessor in English, University of Chicago. 

F. G. Koch, '12, 1419 Garfield Blvd., 
Chicago, 111. 

Harvey B. Lemon, '12, assistant. 
Department of Physics, University of 
Chicago. 

Arno B. Luckhardt, '11, assistant in 
physiology, University of Chicago. 

Robert A. MacLean, '12, Smith's 
Falls, Ontario, Canada. 

Isaac G. Mathews, '12, professor of 
Old Testament language and literature 
in McMaster University, Toronto, Can- 
ada. 

Alan W. Menzies, '10, professor of 
chemistry, Oberlin College, Oberlin, 
Ohio. 

Howard W. Moody, '12, department of 
physics, Lafayette College, Easton, Pa. 

Ernst W. Parsons, '12, 152 Bartlett 
Ave., Toronto, Canaida. 

Paul H. Phillipson, '11, instructor in 
German, University of Chicago. 

Paul D. Potter, '12, 5731 Monroe Ave., 
Chicago, 

Carl L. Rahn, '12, University of Minne- 
sota, Minneapolis, Minn. 

Homer B. Reed, '12, 878 Erie St., Ham- 
mond, Ind. 

Samuel N. Reep, 'it, assistant pro- 
fessor of sociology. University of Minne- 
sota, Minneapolis, Minn. 

Frank E. Robbins, '11, University of 
Chicago. 

Henry B. Robins, '12, professor in 
Theological Seminary, Berkeley, Cal. 

Draper T. Schoonover, '07, associate 
professor of Latin and Dean of Marietta 
College, Marietta, Ohio. 



Charles M. Sharpe, '12, assistant pro- 
fessor of systematic theology, University 
of Chicago. 

Ralph E. Sheldon, '08, University of 
Pittsburgh, Medical School, Pittsburgh, 
Pa. 

Alonzo R. Stark, '11, minister, Frank- 
fort, Ind. 

Shiro Tashiro, '12, School of Education, 
University of Chicago. 

Schuyler B. Terry, '10, bond salesman, 
1464 Hyde Park Blvd., Chicago. 

Guy A. Thompson, '12, professor of 
English, University of Maine, Orono, Me. 

Benjamin W. Van Riper, '12, assistant 
professor of philosophy, Boston Univer- 
sity, Boston, Mass. 

Charles H. Vail, '12, Department of 
Chemistry, University of Cincinnati, 
Cincinnati, Ohio. 

Leroy Waterman, '12, at work in 
British Museum with Professor R. F. 
Harper. 

Leroy S. Weatherby, '11, assistant 
professor of chemistry, University of 
Southern California, Los Angeles, Cal. 

Charles E. Whitter, '12, 6141 Berlin 
Ave., St. Louis, Mo. 

Dean R. Wickes, '12, Tung Chow 
College, Pekin, China. 

Russell M. Wilder, '12, 5718 Monroe 
Ave., Chicago, 111. 

Albert H. Wilson, '11, associate pro- 
fessor of mathematics at Haverford 
College, Haverford, Pa. 

Carrie Wright, '12, social service, 562 
Oakwood Blvd., Chicago, 111. 

James R. Wright, '11, University of 
the Philippines, College of Liberal Arts, 
Manila, P.I. 



THE DIVINITY ALUMNI ASSOCIATION 



New addresses. — 

G. W. Chessman, Ottawa, 111. 

Mr. Ilsley, Capital Hill, Denver, Colo. 

Mr. Martinsen, Marquette, Mich. 

Mr. G. Crippen, Flint, Mich. 

A. S. Cross, Oshkosh, Wis. 

J. H. McLean, Port Huron, Mich. 

Henry Barton Robison, 1907, is now 
Dean of the Bible department and pro- 
fessor of New Testament interpretation 
in the Christian University at Canton, 
Mo. 

H, M. Garn, '08, is vice-president and 



professor of the old Testament also in 
the above-mentioned university. 

John C. Granbery, '10, is pastor of 
the Southern M.E. church and principal 
of the Sandy Valley Seminary at Paints- 
ville, Ky. 

Franklyn Cole Sherman, pastor of 
the Church of the Epiphany of Chicago, 
has been called to the pastorate of St. 
George's Episcopal Church of Kansas 
City. Rev. Dr. Cyrus Townsend Brady, 
the present pastor of St. George's church, 
has resigned. 



UNDERGRADUATE AFFAIRS 

Athletics. — Basketball: The Conference in the 40-yard dash and first in the 40- 

games for the season were as follows: yard hurdles, and won the relay. Chicago 

Jan. 17 Iowa 28- 8 did better in the field evepts, winning first 

" 21 Northwestern 28-25 (at Evanston) and second in the high jump and the 

" 25 Wisconsin 18-31 (at Madison) shotput, and second in the pole-vault. 

.. ' ^^•'^"cf;-. ^^^^ On February 28, Chicago won from 

" 14 MinneSte' ' ' ' IVl Northwestern by almost as large a score, 

" 21 Purdue. ...:;: 19-28 (at Lafayette) 55 to 31. Chicago won all the places in 

" 22 Ohio State 21-24 (at Columbus) the 40-yard dash, the shot-put, and the 

" 26 Illinois 19-12 (at Urbana) high jump; the relay; first and second in 

Mar. I Minnesota 20-16 (at Minne- the hurdles; first and third in the pole 

apolis) vault; first in the 440; second in the mile; 

.. ^ Wisconsin. . . . 23-10 and third in the half. 

IS Uinois 21x6 The team at present consists practically 

The standing of the Conference teams of Captain Kuh in the hurdles, Ward in 

at that time was as follows: the hurdles and dash. Knight in the dash. 

Won Lost Pctge- Matthews in the dash and the 440, 

Wisconsin 11 i .916 Campbell in the mile, Thomas in the 

Northwestern 7 2 .777 vault, Norgren in the shot, and the high 

Chicago 8 4 .667 jump, Des Jardien in the high jump and 

^"T^"V: 6 5 .545 shot, and Parker in the dash, high jump, 

Illinois t 6 IT^ and shot. Staines, Duncan, and Goodwin 

Minnesota...... 2 7 [222 ^^^ '"• Matthews ran better against 

Iowa I 4 [200 Northwestern than he has ever done 

Indiana i 5 .167 before, and may do fairly well out-doors. 

Much the most brilliant game of the ^^'^""^ '» a good man, quite as good as 

season was the victory over Wisconsin on f*-""- ^"o ran out-doors in sixteen flat 

March 7— the first defeat for Wisconsin '^.st year. Campbell is good also; he 

in 28 straight games, running over three should run close to 4:30 out-doors, 

seasons. The game was won largely by Norgren is doing a little over forty feet 

eCfective guarding. In the first half ^'th the shot, Thomas about 1 1-6 in the 

Wisconsin had no shot at the basket from ^^^'^ and Cox 5-8 in the high jump, 

nearer than thirty feet, the half ending ^"^ the team as a whole is weak, and in 

13-1 in Chicago's favor. In the second \^f distance runs, except for Campbell, 

half Wisconsin's three goals were due to a '*• '^ ^^T weak, 
very natural let-up on Chicago's part, the 

game having been put out of danger. Swimmms.— Chicago has been twice 
Baumgardner, of whom good things were defeated in swimming this winter, by 
prophesied in the January issue, played Wisconsin, 45-13, on February 15, and 
his first full game, and better guarding oy Northwestern on February 22. A 
than his has seldom been seen. Molander '"^t has been arranged with Yale on 
played the only really good game he has March 21. As Yale is the eastern inter- 
put up this year. Des Jardiens, Vru- collegiate champion, Chicago's chances of 
wink, and Norgren as usual outplayed winning may be adequately expressed by 
their opponents. the minus sign. If the back and breast 

stroke events are included in the program, 

Track. — Illinois defeated Chicago in however, Chicago may make some 

the meet at Urbana on February 15, by showing, as the Yale men lack practice in 

the huge score of 59 to 27. Campbell those types of swimming, 
was second in the mile, and but for an 

accident would probably have won. General. — Thirty-five members of the 

Aside from this Illinois secured every Glee Club with Director Stevens and 

point in all the runs from the 440 to the Harold G. Moulton, instructor in political 

two-mile. She took also first and second economy, left on March 14 for a trip to 

171 



172 



THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE 



the Pacific Coast. Examinations for the 
winter quarter were given the men en 
route. The club will return the day 
before the opening of the spring quarter. 

At the annual election of the Reynolds 
Club, held on March 7, George D. 
Parkinson was elected president over 
William H. Lyman, the vote being 379 
to 107. Parkinson opposed the plan to 
reduce dues to $1 . 00 a quarter, by making 
the dues a part of the university bills for 
all undergraduate men each quarter, and 
so practically making membership in the 
Club compulsory. This was the most 
definite issue that has come before the 
Club in years, and the fight at election 
was very warm. Other officers chosen 
were as follows : 

Vice-president, Milton Morse 
Secretary, Samuel E. Wells 
Treasurer, Robert Miller 
Librarian, Cowan Stephenson 



The first issue of the Chicago Literary 
Monthly, the undergraduate literary 
magazine, appeared on March 15. 
Donald Breed, '13, is managing editor, 
Myra Reynolds, '13, Roderick Peattie, 
'14, and Frank O'Hara, '15, are assistant 
editors. The business manager is 
William Hefiferan, '14, and his assistant 
William H. Lyman, '14. Contributors to 
the first issue included Donald Breed, 
'13, Elizabeth Jenkins, '12, Barrett 
Clark, '12, Myra Reynolds, '13, Samuel 
Kaplan, '14, Stevens Tolman, '14, and 
Sanford Griffith, '14. The magazine at 
present consists of 32 pages, and is 
published at Freeport, 111. 

The annual play of the Women's 
Athletic Association was given to a 
packed house in Mandel Hall on Satur- 
day, March 8 — Campus Follies. It was 
a vaudeville of eight numbers, mostly 
burlesques; as usual, written, acted, and 
managed entirely by women. 



ADDRESSES WANTED 



Information should be sent to Frank W. Dignan, Secretary. See page 139 of 
this issue. 



ALUMNI 

1866 
William W. Paris 

1867 
Henry W. Martin 

1868 
Charles Emil Richard Mueller 
William E. Parsons 
Joseph P. Phillips 
John Fisher Wilson 

1869 
Charles S. Moss 

1870 
Cyrus A. Barker 

1871 
Ellis S. Chesbrough 

1872 
Clarence Albert Beverly 
Henry Franklin Gilbert 
Edward F. Smith 

1873 
Cornelius Wm. Gregory 
Oliver Clinton Weller 
Newton Calvin Wheeler 

187s 
B. Boganan 
Jonathan Staley 

1877 
Perry Edw. Baird 
William Wallace Cole, Jr. 

1878 
Cyrus Benj. Allen, Jr. 
John R. Windes 

1879 
William Harvey Adams 
Edward Benj. Esher 

1882 
James Vincent Coombs 
Andrew Malmsten 
Robert Charles Roy 

1884 
Saum Song'Bo 

1886 
August G. Anderson 
Leonard R. Banks 
Geo. F. Holloway 



ALUMNAE 

1880 
Lucy Waite (Mrs. Byron Robinson) 

1882 
Alice Mary Northrup (Mrs. Benj. F. 
Simpson) 

1893 
Rizpah Margaret Gilbert (Mrs. R. M. G. 
Smith) 

1894 
Mary Lucretia Daniels 
Lulu McCafferty 
Elizabeth Porter 

1895 

Lucy Celeste Daniles (Mrs. J. David 
Thompson) 

1896 

Edith M. Brace 

Edith Earle 

Mabel Earle 

Frances Inez Hopkins (Mrs. Jos. R. 
Downey) 

Mary Laura Hubbard 

Mary D. Maynard (Mrs. W. E. Chal- 
mers) 

1897 
Hannah Matilda Anderson 
Agnes May Browne 
Marion Vernon Cosgrove (Mrs. Thos. E. 

Wilson) 
Vinnie Crandall (Mrs. Hervay B. Hicks) 
Marietta Josephine Edmand (Mrs. 

Fred'k P. Noble) 
Carolyn Ladd Moss (Mrs. Jos. Reed) 
Alice Robson 

1898 
Etta Fulcomer Beach (Mrs. F. B. 

Winter) 
Louisa Carpenter De Cew 
Lillian Rosaline Goldsmith 
Mary Louise Hannan 
Mary Fiske Heap 
Rose MacNeal 
Sarah Nicoll Osborne' 
Catherine Dix Paddock (Mrs. Wm. Flint 

Baker) 
Nelette Elida Pettet (Mrs. D. W. 

Howard) 



173 



174 



THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE 



ALUMNI — Continued 

1893 
Carl Hasselblad 
John Heden 
Ove Laurits Horen 
Louis Bogart Joralman - 
Herbert Manchester 

1894 
Philip Jackson Dickerson 
George Home 
Charles Sproull Thompson 

1895 
John Benj. Dorman 
Herbert Wright Fox 
Thomas William Moran 
Frederich Oscar Schnelle 
John William Williams 

1896 
William Eugene Bosworth 
Arthur D. Dunn 
Roy Cyrus Garver 
Frederick W. C. Hayes 
Adrian Carr Honore 
Gustave Henry Lowenstein 

1897 
John Tyler Campbell 
Julius Curtis Greenbaum 
Elmer Ellsworth Hatch 
Herbert Ray Jordan 
John Howard Moore 
Frederick Day Nichols 
James Edward Tuthill 
John Franklin Zimmerman 

1898 
Horace Butterworth 
Knight French Flanders 
Charles Albert Frederick 
Frank Henry Harms 
Charles Leo Hunley 
Isaac Barney Hyman 
John Harris Kelley 
Henry Lavergne McGee 
Ivan Calvin Waterbury 
Hartwell William Webb 
Charles Alexander Young 

1899 
Abraham Alcon Ettleson 
Oscar Geo. Fischer 
William Henry Glascock 
Victor E. Hedberg 
Henry Ward Hoover 
Gordon Beverly Moore 
Sidney Carleton Newson 
Van Sumner Pearce 
Frederick Bradley Thomas 
Charles Francis Yoder 



ALUMNAE— C<Jw^w?<erf 
1899 
Edna Bevans (Mrs. Fred R. Tracy) 
Roberta Ironie Bortherton (Mrs. R. M. 

Young) 
Helen Rowe Colman 
Charlotte Aurie Farnham 
Jessamine Blanche Hutchinson (Mrs. 

Wm. C. Beer) 
Lillian Jane Leech 
Minnie Lester (Mrs. O. F. Braums) 
Cornelia Stewart Osborne 
Martha Binford Railsback (Mrs. Jas. E, 

Warner) 
Mary Blanche Simmons 

1900 
Lillian Carroll Banks 
Anna Poole Beardsley 
Lucy Eleanor Chambers 
Josephine Catherine Doniat 
Dora Johnson 
Sarah Frances Lindsay 
Mary Chapman Moore (Mrs. John Paul 

Ritchey) 
Myra Hartshorn Strawn 
Katharine A. Waugh (Mrs. Cloyd Moore) 
Clara Morton Welch (Mrs. Wm. Green) 

1901 
Helen Emily Adams 
Nellie May Griggs (Mrs. W. D. Van 

Voorhis) 
Annebelle Ross 
Ruth Vail 

1902 

Mrs. Allen 

Bijou Babb (Mrs. Fred T. Parker) 

Rae Casena Baldwin 

Ola Bowman (Mrs. N. M. Raymond) 

Grace Jean Clifford (Mrs. Smith) 

Abigail Wells Cowley 

Hilda Mildred French (Mrs. Herrick) 

Annie Mcintosh Hardie 

Aurelia Koch 

Genevieve Antoinnette Monsch 

Mildred Blanche Richardson (Mrs. 

Beale) 
Edith Shaffer (Mrs. Frederick Lass) 
Marcia Olive Smith 
Josephine Frances Stone 
Mary E. Tierney (Mrs. John Kinsey) 

1903 
Winifred Mayer Ashby 
Edith Ella Bickell (Mrs. - 
Ella M. Donnely (Mrs. John T. Bunting, 

Jr.) 
Anne Elizabeth Floyd (Mrs. Channing 

W. Gilson) 
Jennie E. Hall (Mrs. Harold M. Barnes) 



-) 



ADDRESSES WANTED 



175 



ALVMNl— Continued 

1900 
Lindley Willett Allen 
Samuel C. Clark 
Aaron Cohn 
Frank Cobum Dickey 
Charles Henry Hurd 
John Paul Ritchey 
Charles Byron Williams 

1901 
Frank Perkins Barker 
Horace Vanden Bogert 
John Raymond Carr 
Forest Simpson Cartwright 
Henry John Jokisch 
Euphan Washington Macrae 
Ward Magoon Mills 
Arthur Hornbrook Reynolds 

1902 
Henry William Beifield 
Joseph Beifus 
Alonzo Hertzel Brown 
Norman Moore Chi vers 
Cad John Emil Eckcrman 
Elbert Alpheus Harvey 
Lewis Ransom Meadows 
Aubrey Percy Nelson 
Carl Dean Thompson 

1903 
Jesse Anderson 
Emil Gideon Benlall 
Maurice Buchsbaum 
George Cleaver 
David Corbin 
Harry Albert Evans 
William Haines Fielding 
Walter Edw. Francis 
William Herman Haas 
Frithiof Vilhelm Hcdeen 
Matthew Karasek 
John Samuel Kenyon 
John Maclear 
John Woods Marchildren 
Ira David Steele 
Edwin Elbert Thompson 
Clinton Benj. Whitmoyer 

1904 
Lloyd Clark Ayres 
Ernest Everett Ball 
Joseph Stuart Caldwell 
Benjamin Franklin Condray 
Eyer Absalom Cornelius 
Albert Averell English 
John Ross Garger 
Eugene Lawrence Hartigan 
William Henry Hatfield, Jr. 
Frank Bradshawe Hitchinson, Jr. 
Gustave Adolph Johnson 



ALUMNAE— Continued 

Julia Elizabeth Loring 
Nancy Marie Miller 
Mary Mabel Pain 
Harriet Gertrude Pierce 
Beulah May Reed 
Launa Darnell Rice (Mrs.) 
Flounce Belle Shields 
Helen Gertrude Shields 
1904 
Margaret Reardon Bacon (Mrs.) 
Caroline Elizabeth Blanchard (Mrs. 

Lewis Fuldner) 
Mary Cornell Bristol 
Jessie Lincoln Brumsey 
Catharine Clifford 
P'rancesca Beatrice Colby (Mrs. John 

LeMoyn Stafford) 
Fannie Fisch 
Pearl Leroy Foucht 
Mary Richards Gray 
Ethel Jaynes 
Mary Patricia McEvoy 
Winifred McGugin 
Haltie May Palmer 
Ethel Claire Randall 
Genevieve Sis.son 
Frieda Viola Solomon 
Josctte Eugenic S|)ink 
Mary Virginia Stanford (Mrs. (i. 

Stanforcl) 
Ethel Walmslcy 

1 90s 
Florence Nettie Beers (Mrs. Normal 

Palmer) 
Rose Amelia Buhlig 
Beulah Emeline Church 
Edwina Louella Dorland (Mrs. Edmund 

Pearsons Cobb) 
Evaline Pearl Dowling 
Abbie Naomi Fletcher 
Wilhelmine Joehnkc 
Edna Lisle Martin (Mrs. Thos. D. 

Coppenk) 
Cecile Morse Palmer 
Bertha Eliz. Pierce 
Rosalie Stern 

1906 
Lucy Anne Arthur 
Florence May Bush (Mrs. Walter Gore 

Mitchell) 
Frances Carver 
Emily Bancroft Cox 
Carrie Pierpont Curtens (Mrs. J. Napier 

Wallace) 
Katherine Marie Fennessy 
Alice Janet Frank 
Gladys Eliz. Gaylord 
Laura Evelyn Gibbons 



176 



THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE 



ALUMNI — Continued 

Albert Lincoln Jones 
James Garfield Lemon 
William Woodrow Martin 
Thomas Jones Meek 
Fred Paige Pritchard 
Louis William Rapeer 
Harry Fletcher Scott 

1905 
Joseph Bailey Campbell 
Arthur Wesley Crane 
Robert Emmett Doherty 
Leonard Ephriam Gyllenhaal 
Harry Booth Hazen 
Herman Gustavus Heil 
Erik Johan Helstrom 
Ivar Hatias Hokland 
Frederick Homstein 
Allen Perry Johnston 
Charles A. Kirtley 
Shirley Stevens McDonald 
Charles Morgan McKenna 
Adolph John Olson 
Andrew Peter Peterson 
Edmund Lennon Quinn 
Edward Daniel Roseen 
David Rosenbaum 
Henry Gerald Steans 

1906 
James Mace Andress 
Benj. Spafford Barnes 
Robert Fry Clark 
Roy Francis Beaty Davis 
Louis Harry Frank 
Alfred William Garner 
John Wesley Henninger 
Magnus Berntsen Holmes 
John Hamilton Korns 
Louis Friberg Levenson 
Meyer Mitchnick 
Albertus B. Pope 
Edw. Palmer Pillans 
Theoron Torrance Phelps 
Waldemar Edw. Paulsen 
Randall Adams Rowley 
Orlando Franke Scott 
Otto William Staib 
Forbes Bagley Wiley 
Rollin Turner Woodyatt 
Lagene Lavassa Wright 
Orie Chris Yoder 
Joachim Phineus Eelitch Yousephoff 

1907 
Henry Eastman Bennett 
William Edington Boyd 
George Rex Clarke 
George Bernard Cohen 
George Mellville Crabb 



k'LVM.'i^AE— Continued 

Ada Hawes 

Emily Belle Johnston 

Marion Ruth Kellogg 

Catherine Mary Kelly 

Mary Margaret Lee 

Mary Luella Lowrey 

Clara Shaw Martin (Mrs.) 

Eliz. Watson McClure 

Meta Mierswa 

Jeannette Brown Obenchain 

Muriel Schenkenberg (Mrs. Frank W. 

Allen) 
Clara Shaw 

Edith Mary Wilcox (Mrs. Spaulding) 

Maude Josephine Wilcox 
Margaret Hoyt Young 

1907 
Ruth Bergmann 
Eliz. Shelley Bogan 
Mary Madeline Carlock 
Bessie Marie Carroll (Mrs. S. A. Winsor) 
Anna Lou Chamberlain 
Mary Stevens Compton (Mrs.) 
Margaret Eliz. Durward 
Anna Ford 
Jessica Foster 
May Eliz. Fralick 
Bertha Heimer Gelders (Mrs. Von 

Marie) 
Vernette Lois Gibbons 
Clara Beatrice Jophes 
Jean Edith MacKellar 
Meta Clementine Mannhardt 
Helen Dorothea Miller 
Lenerl Pansie Morehouse (Mrs. Arthur D. 

Howard) 
Lila Kemble Morris 
Daisy May Mosher 
Frances Montgomery (Mrs. Geo. Thos. 

Shay) 
Katherine Alice Nichols 
Tetta Scheftel 

Caroline Pauline Barbara Schoch 
Beatrice Shaffner 
Ethel May Shandrew 
Alice Harriet Smith 
Agnes Rodatz Snitjer (Mrs. Michael 

Albertus Snitjer) 
Lilian Olive Sprague 
Rosamond Mayo Tower 
Alice Eliz. Vincent 
Bernice May Warren 

1908 
Stella Austrip Anderson (Mrs. John H. 

Hill) 
Jessie Eliz. Black 
Mary Eleanor Carr 
Beatrice Cochrane 



n^ 



The University of Chicago 
Magazine 



Volume V APRIL IQIS Number 6 



EVENTS AND DISCUSSION 

In December, 191 1, when the present board took charge of the 
alumni Magazine, the first editorial comment expressed the feeling of 
many alumni that we should have representation on the 
th u ■ tv ^o^""^ ^^ Trustees. That feeling grows stronger and 
stronger, and arguments against it more and more rapidly 
lose their force. Such representation is not needed by the alumni: it is 
needed by the University. No one doubts that the present Board of 
Trustees is conducting the affairs of the University, commonly speaking, 
exactly as they should be conducted. The members of the Board every 
one are men of judgment and devotion, who undertake the task laid upon 
them in a spirit of loyalty to the highest ideals. Whether any alumnus 
could as an individual add strength to the Board is not the question. 
Whether even his knowledge of conditions, gained through four years of 
experience, could serve the Board, is not the question. The question is: 
Can the University afford not to recognize formally and make use of the 
devotion and judgment, whatever they may be, of its alumni ? The theory 
of a democracy is that responsibility develops power. The University 
has never thrown any responsibility upon its alumni. It gives, gives; it 
never has asked, except for money: even that it has looked for only to 
individuals. One solitary alumnus, save those on the faculty and in the 
offices, is serving the University in any advisory capacity. One: count 
him : one. What, for instance, do our young doctors know about the situ- 
ation here in medicine ? when have they been called in to consult upon 
it ? Behind the letters printed in the Magazine recently, on the lack of 
cordial fellowship between students and instructors here, is really another 
feeling — that of a lack of fellowship between the University as a whole 
and its alumni. The individual hand-clasp is warm, but, so the alumni 

179 



l8o THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE 

feel, the corporate eye is cold and averted. Of the subscribers to the 
Magazine a considerably larger number proportionately are Doctors of 
Philosophy than Bachelors. What does that mean — that the Doctors 
of Philosophy tak6 a heartier interest in the University than the under- 
graduates do ? Or that the Bachelors feel somehow, instinctively, that a 
greater interest is felt by the University as a corporate body in the 
Doctors of Philosophy than in them ? Anyone who feels this is wrong ; 
we here in the quadrangles know he is wrong; but how is he to know 
he is wrong ? Why should he accept our statements ? What he sees is 
this: a university completing twenty-one years of active life, and in an 
advisory capacity employing one of its graduates. Count him: one. 

The Spring Convocation has become the family convocation — the 

occasion upon which one of our own faculty speaks to us. This year the 

speaker was Professor James Hayden Tufts, of whom the 
The Orator . in-, 

. Annual Register says: 

Spring ^•^- Amherst, 1884; D.B. Yale, 1889; Instructor in mathe- 

Convocation matics, Amherst, 1885-7; A.M. Amherst, 1890; Instructor in philos- 
ophy, University of Michigan, 1889-91; Ph.D. Freiburg, 1892 
Assistant professor of philosophy, Chicago, 1892-94; Associate professor, 1894-1900 
LL.D. Amherst, 1904; Dean of the Senior Colleges, Chicago, 1899-1904, 1907-8 
Professor of philosophy, 1900^; Head of the Department of Philosophy, 1905 — 
President Western Philosophical Association, 1906. 

So much for the cold type, but who that has, as the phrase goes, "sat 
under" Professor Tufts at any time in his twenty years of service here 
can think it does him justice ? It leaves out his smile, like Browning's 
sun over the headland, with its need of a world of men; it leaves out his 
rumbling, apologetic laugh; it only hints at the fineness of his mind, not 
like a razor sharp for division but like a field wonderful for growth; it 
does not even hint at the quality of his friendliness to all the good in man- 
kind. That his address, elsewhere published in this issue, should be on 
the advance of justice, is not strange. Dewey and Tufts' Ethics was the 
first textbook in the subject to discuss with any fulness social ethics, as 
a part of individual ethics. But personally we have always associated 
Professor Tufts less with justice, perhaps, than with mercy. There is a 
sentence by Mr. Howells in A Boy's Town, which Brand Whitlock has 
recently quoted in the American Magazine, but which we long ago read, 
and thought of Mr. Tufts' course in ethics while we read it: 

In fact, it seems best to be very careful how we try to do justice in this world, and 
mostly to leave retribution to God, who really knows about things; and content 
ourselves as much as possible with mercy, whose mistakes are not so irreparable. 



EVENTS AND DISCUSSION i8i 

The news has been widely spread by the daily papers that Michigan 
has applied for membership once more in the Conference. This is 

hardly accurate. It is true that at a meeting on March 22 
the Co f e c ^^ ^^^ Board in Control of Athletics, that board by a vote 

of 6 to 5 recommended action by the Board of Regents 
which would result in greater faculty control of athletics, and that, 
following such action, application for membership in the Conference was 
recommended, provided the boycott rule be repealed. As yet the Board of 
Regents has not acted. If it sustains the vote of the Board in Control, 
Michigan's application will come before the Conference at its June 
meeting. If it does so come, what will happen ? 

What is this "boycott rule" which must first be rescinded by the 
Conference before Michigan will apply for membership ? 

No member of the Conference shall maintain athletic relations with an institution 
which has been a member of the Conference and has withdrawn therefrom, or being 
now or hereafter a member shall withdraw therefrom, until such institution has 
been reinstated. 

In other words, no member of the Conference shall maintain athletic 
relationship with an institution which for reasons which may seem good 
to it shall refuse to abide by rules which it has once accepted, or which 
the body which it has chosen to belong to shall adopt. Rescind this 
rule, and if Chicago decides to make laws of her own which conflict with 
Conference regulations, she can do so without penalty; so can Purdue; 
so can Michigan. But why was the Conference formed? To keep 
western athletics in a healthy condition. It adopts no regulations save 
to that end. And if its regulations may be defied by influential insti- 
tutions without penalty, where is its influence ? This is as plain as — it 
was to whomever proposed that particular rider to the resolution adopted 
by Michigan's Board. There can be little doubt that the resolution of 
March 22 was never really meant for final action. It is hardly even a 
feeler. It is for alumni consumption; it is only a political concession. 
The pressure which has been put upon the Board in Control by alumni, 
even by students, to rejoin the Conference, has been great. Read their 
letters and speeches in the Michigan Alumnus! But there is a certain 
strong group among the alumni which objects to Conference regulations. 
It is this group which approaches the Conference with the recent singular 
resolution. One wonders what the regents, faculty, alumni of Michigan 
think of the extraordinary role which that university has now been 
suddenly asked to play — the Tony Lumpkin of an athletic farce ! 



i82 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE 

Meanwhile, what of athletics at Chicago ? The most important 

matter in this connection is Mr. Stagg's decision not to return for the 

Spring Quarter. After three months in the South he 

r, ' f came back to Chicago late in March, brown and appar- 

Remain Away . ^^ j ff 

ently vigorous, but not yet free from the nervous diffi- 
culties that had driven him away. Consultation with physicians 
determined him to give up three months more to outdoor life; by that 
time he expects to be entirely recovered. He has gone to Colorado, 
where he will ride horseback and climb mountains. The scornful news- 
paper correspondents who in February informed this Magazine of its 
profound ignorance concerning the state of Mr. Stagg's health are 
invited to take notice of this turn of affairs. Meanwhile the baseball and 
track teams will be in charge of Mr. Page, assisted by Mr. Comstock ; to 
both of whom the alumni extend their heartiest good wishes. 

Among those from other institutions who will offer courses this 
summer at Chicago are the following : Oskar Bolza, professor of mathe- 
matics at Chicago from 1892 to 190 1, since then honorary 

_ professor of mathematics at Freiburg, Germany; J. F. 

Royster, Ph.D. '07, now professor of English in the 
University of North Carolina; John Broadus Watson, Ph.D. '03, now 
professor of psychology in Johns Hopkins University; Milton A. 
Buchanan, Ph.D. '06, now associate professor of Spanish and Italian in 
the University of Toronto; Roy C. Flickinger, Ph.D. '04, now associate 
professor of Greek in Northwestern University; and Harry Alvin Millis, 
Ph.D. '99, now associate professor of economics in Leland Stanford 
Junior University. Others are Professor Sill of Cornell, Professor Carl 
Becker of Kansas, and Professor Labane of Washington and Lee 
(history); Professor Bergerhoff of Western Reserve (French), Professor 
Fletcher of Brigham Young University and Professor Newland F. 
Smith of Central University of Kentucky (physics) ; Professor McCurdy 
of Toronto (oriental literature) ; Professor Trever of Lawrence (Greek) ; 
Associate Professor Carl Young of Wisconsin (English), and Associate 
Professor Zorn of Amherst and Assistant Professor Burkhead of Min- 
nesota (German). 

Attractive courses among the hundreds announced are too numerous 
even for mention. In Philosophy, Professor Moore on "Philosophical 
Aspects of Evolution " and Professor Tufts on the " Evolution of Justice " 
(a phase of which is discussed in his Convocation address in this issue) ; 
in Psychology, Professor Angell on "The Psychology of Volition"; in 



EVENTS AND DISCUSSION 183 

Pblitical Economy, Mr. Field on "Population, The Standard of Living, 
and Eugenics"; in History, Professor Labane on "The Growth of the 
United States as a World Power"; in Household Administration, Miss 
Breckinridge on "The Child and the State"; in Italian, Associate Pro- 
fessor Wilkins on "Dante's Inferno"; in German, Professor Zorn on 
"The History of the German Drama in the Nineteenth Century"; in 
English, Professor Lovett on "Milton"; and in Physical Culture, Mr. 
Page on " Baseball ; Methods of Coaching Illustrated by Practice and 
Match Games" — these, outside of the technical courses in the sciences, 
catch the eye of the editor as he runs over the long program. But why 
attempt to specify ? The quarter opens on June 17; the first term ends 
July 23, and the quarter, August 29. 

The University Opera Association was formed in December, IQ12, in 
order to take advantage of special rates which were offered by the 

Chicago Grand Opera Company. These rates repre- 
University sented a reduction in price of $3.00 to $2.00, $2.50 to 
. . ^ Si. 50, and $1.50 to $0.75. That the generosity of the 

Chicago Grand Opera Company was appreciated is shown 
by the fact that at the close of the season the Association had 532 mem- 
bers. The total number of coup>ons issued were as follows: 908 at 
75 cents, ?3o at $1.50, and 194 at $2.00, a total of 1,332. Of these, 
181 were redeemed by the Association. The most popular opera with 
the University public was Lucia, for which 116 tickets were sold for one 
performance. The next in popularity was Tristan and Isolde, with 105 
tickets for one performance; third, La Traviata with 82 for one per- 
formance; fourth. Die Walkure with 132 for three performances; fifth, 
Rigoletto with 82 for two performances. 

The plan of issuing tickets presented by the Chicago Grand Opera 
Company involved considerable inconvenience to the University public, 
inasmuch as holders of coupons, giving the right to reduced rates, were 
obliged to make a special trip to the city to turn such coupons in at the box 
office. In many cases it appeared that the block of seats to which the 
reduction applied had been sold out. Moreover, the management of 
the box office at the Auditorium Theater was apparently not in complete 
sympathy with the attitude of the Chicago Grand Opera Company 
toward the University public, and for performances for which the house 
would naturally be sold out, holders were sometimes refused tickets. 
The plan for next year includes the issuing of season tickets to members 
of the Association, and also contemplates the placing of limited blocks 



1 84 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE 

of seats for each performance in the hands of the Association. This 
plan will make it possible for members to obtain tickets without the 
journey to the city. On the other hand, it is obvious that the Association 
will not be able to provide the full number of seats desired for the most 
popular performances. 

During the year the Association collected from the sale of coupons 
and membership fees the sum of $1,501.75. After the payment of all 
expenses, a balance of $174.71 remains in the treasury. 

When the present writer, nineteen years ago this week, asked the 
conductor of the Fifty-fifth Street cable-car, as it swung round from 
. . Cottage Grove Avenue, where the University of Chicago 

Men with was, the official replied that he had never heard of it; but 

Municipal a kindly passenger said, as we approached Ellis Avenue, 

Interests "There it is," and pointed out the Home for Incurables. 

That veteran jest has seen much service since; but even the 
street-car conductors know where the University is now. Looking over 
the latest list of committees of the City Club, one is both surprised and 
pleased to see how^ this University, with its comparatively brief list of 
alumni, is finding expression of its social ideals through the interest of 
its graduates. 

On the 15th of March appeared the first number of the Chicago 
Literary Monthly. The salutatory editorial declares, in part: 

The material which [the Literary Monthly] will print will be 
An Undergrad- entirely by Chicago students. It will deal, in many cases, with 
uate Literary Chicago scenes and Chicago life. It had long been felt that a certain 
Magazine type of writing is being done by the Chicago undergraduates, which 

should be sharply differentiated from the creative work done at the 
American colleges. There is less of the "flowers, the birds, and the running brooks." 
There is more of the "stern realities of life," and particularly of cosmopolitan city life. 

And as an example of this characteristic work is given "A Study in 
Gray," by Samuel Kaplan, '14— a bit from the daily routine of Mrs. 
Lefkowitz, overworked Jewish wife and mother. Myra Reynolds, '13, 
niece of Professor Myra Reynolds, has a story entitled "Unto the Third 
and Fourth Generation" — a study of grim lives that end in madness. 
Donald Breed, '13, the editor-in-chief, contributes "The Stranger" — a 
fantasy containing both realism and mysticism, a type of which Mr. 
Breed is very fond, and which is otherwise illustrated by his " Pageant of 
Progress," printed in the June issue of the alumni Magazine last year. 



EVENTS AND DISCUSSION 185 

Other articles are critical: "The Plays of the Season, " by Barrett Clark, 
'12, and "The Extremists in Modern Art," by Sanford Griffith, '14 — 
both excellent. 

Not since the merger of the University of Chicago Weekly with the 
Daily Maroon, eight years ago, has there been any publication at the 
University which gave opportunity to undergraduates who wished to 
express themselves in pure literature. The present magazine is unpre- 
tentious, but earnest. May it succeed! The subscription price is one 
dollar a year. Subscriptions should be sent to William Hefferan, 
Faculty Exchange, University of Chicago. 

The arrangements for Alumni Day this year are in the hands of the 
College Alumni Association, and the responsibility for the preparations 
has been divided among various individual members as 
Alumni follows: Ralph C. Hamill, Chairman; John F. Moulds, 

Arrangements; Hugo M. Friend, Finance; John F. 
Dille, Publicity; Charles W. Paltzer, Vaudeville; and William P. 
MacCracken, Jr., Sing. 

A circular communication will be sent out shortly to alumni and an 
account of the plans for the day will be printed in the next number of 
the Magazine. All alumni are earnestly urged to give their support in 
this matter. There is no more important element in the building up 
of a strong alumni sentiment than this annual gathering of former 
students at the close of the academic year. 



THE UNIVERSITY AND THE 
ADVANCE OF JUSTICE' 

BY JAMES HAYDEN TUFTS 
Professor and Head of the Department of Philosophy 

Five thousand years ago, we are informed by our colleague who is 
learned in all the wisdom of the Egyptians, the word for truth, right, 
justice emerged. It was the earliest abstract term discernible in the 
ancient world. Its earlier occurrence is largely in claims for merit before 
the gods. But a thousand years later, the same shift in emphasis had 
taken place which marks our century as compared with the Middle Ages. 
The demand was then to reform conditions rather than to justify the soul. 
The appeal of the wronged peasant comes down to us as the first of many 
rising through the ages, invoking a higher power when in the cor- 
rupted currents of this world offense's gilded hand has shoved by 
justice. "Do justice," cries the wronged peasant, "for the sake of 
the lord of justice. For justice is for eternity." 

It may be doubted whether any of the words since framed to express 
human values takes so strong a hold as "justice." It embodies the claim 
of personality, of the aspirations and expanding life of the human spirit. 
In disclosing the rights of each as the concern of all it bears constant 
testimony to the essentially social nature of man's higher development. 
Denial of justice stings because it is virtually a denial of humanity. He 
who has no rights is not a person but a thing. The history of justice is 
then the history of the emerging one by one of higher and more social 
powers — Ufe, property, liberty of thought and speech, education — and of 
the recognition and protection of these by society. It is the history of 
various standards or balances for measuring these claims — custom, the 
decrees of rulers and assembUes, the will of God, the rule of reason. It 
is the history of various agencies for holding the balances — religion, 
philosophy, government, and, I venture to add, the university. 

Did time permit, it would be instructive to trace in outHne the 
successive types which have stood out in the more direct lines of our own 
spiritual ancestry. We should see the justice of the kinship group 
insuring every member his share of food, allotting him his wife and his 

' Delivered on the occasion of the Eighty-sixth Convocation of the University, 
held in the Leon Mandel Assembly Hall, March i8, 1913. 

186 



THE UNIVERSITY AND THE ADVANCE OF JUSTICE 187 

place by the hearth, protecting him against violence by its law of blood- 
revenge, measuring its dooms by ancient custom, enforcing its most 
sacred interests by taboos. In transfigured form this tribal justice pleads 
the cause of the poor through Israel's prophets; through the symbol of 
the next-of-kin or Redeemer it appears in the divine judge wha is also 
the protector, and thus passes over into the conceptions of Christendom. 

We should see again the justice of the city, based not on unity of kin 
but on the class groups of citizens, traders or artisans, and slaves. 
Justice will first of all mean giving each class its place. Industry and 
commerce have made possible greater wealth; private property gains 
larger recognition and protection. Household and family are more 
firmly organized; they Ukewise gain new powers and obligations. The 
measure of justice changes from custom and taboo to the will of the ruler 
or the decision of the assembly, and although this latter may condemn a 
Socrates it means, on the whole, discussion and advance. When indeed 
the clash of private interests and the tyranny of the one or the few or the 
many become too great for easy endurance, the search for a deeper basis 
leads to two conceptions which have proved a possession forever of our 
civilization. On the one hand rises Plato's vision of a city where classes 
shall at least be based on merit, where intelligence shall rule, and the 
larger public good dominate all priv^ate interests in a harmonious order. 
On the other rises the conception of claims so deeply rooted in human 
nature, yes even in the order of the universe itself, as to deserve the claim 
of laws of nature. These are found not in the urge of passion or desire, 
nor yet in blind habit or tradition, but rather in the reflective search of 
reason for principles of order and right living, for what is equitable and 
good. If the vision of Plato has taken its place with that of the prophets 
of Israel as the inspiration of those who have repeatedly challenged the 
existing order, the standard of Aristotle and the Stoics has proved its 
mastery in successive legal systems, from that of Rome to that of the 
United States. Especially when the city-state of Rome expanded to an 
empire did this conception of a law of nature evince its fitness to widen 
the law of a city to the law of a world. The idea of a justice uni\ersal 
in its principles and its sway came to clearer consciousness. If slavery 
was justified by the law of reason, it was none the less true that the same 
law would one day be invoked to resist the monarch and defend the 
liberties of the subject. 

Our first glimpses of justice in the land where our institutions were 
built are once more of a world of customs and blood-revenge. The sword 
of justice is raised above its scales. Our forefathers, British, English, or 



l88 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE 

Norse, had their virtues, but a modern observer of one of their courts, 
says the learned historian of Enghsh law, might " think that for a long 
time before and some time after the Norman conquest our ancestors 
occupied such leisure as they had in cattle-steaHng by night and man- 
slaughter and perjury by day." Piracy, tempered by the slave trade, 
was a common pursuit. In heaven, likewise, the divine sovereign sat 
to rule a world of largely hostile subjects, and conducted a vast assize 
in which the great mass were to be found guilty and condemned. The 
first business of justice was then to put down violence and maintain order. 

But when order had been established and the modern world gradually 
found itself, it saw a new unfolding of individual powers and a higher 
worth given to individual claims than the ancient world allowed. Com- 
merce, invention, and discovery gave new opportunity. Art and letters 
reflected the new spirit and in turn gave it imagery and power. A more 
inward and personal religion demanded liberty in what had of old been 
fixed by birth or state. The subject who had been given protection for 
life and property against all but the government gradually won the 
guaranties of civil liberty. The common law established by a Henry 
proved a defense against a Stuart. As a witty historian has recently 
said, its valiant champion. Sir Edward Coke, even invented Magna 
Carta in this cause. And finally the right of men, not merely to pro- 
tection against the government, but themselves to choose and depose 
their rulers and even to make their laws, was achieved. 

It was not strange that, as the result of these centuries of develop- 
ment and struggle, liberty and equahty were the notes that sounded 
deepest in the chord of justice. To these, men were ready to pledge their 
lives, their fortunes, and their sacred honor. These rights they believed 
to be "natural" and God-given, based deeper and sanctioned by higher 
authority than any human powers or statutes. Due process of law was 
the agency for their defense. 

Even so hasty a glance has at least shown that justice takes many 
forms, ranging from the emphasis upon social classes to the insistence 
upon equality, from the conception of a harmonious city life as para- 
mount, to the doctrine that governments exist to protect private liberty 
and private property. It has shown custom give place to decrees of 
rulers and these to acts of popular assemblies as standards. Even the 
rule of reason, which, to philosophers at least, has often seemed changeless 
and eternal, we should find, could we examine it in detail, varying with 
the habits of thought, the philosophies, and the prejudices of the times, 
and beset by the idols of the tribe, the den, the market, and the theater. 



THE UNIVERSITY AND THE ADVANCE OF JUSTICE 189 

• We are prepared, then, to find the conditions of the present disclosing 
to us new human values and calling for new agencies to aid in their 
measuring and protection. The external conditions are famiUar — the 
machine in industry, the collective and impersonal organization of 
capital and labor, the change to city life. Under all these, only half 
realized as yet, is the closer interweaving of all our interests, the deepen- 
ing interdependence of all our lives. 

As we become more and more aware of this, as our means for com- 
munication increase, as public opinion and public sentiment become 
greater powers, we are forming a social consciousness. We are seeking, 
even if somewhat blindly and uncertainly, a "social" justice. No one 
can pretend to state as yet just what the standards and demands of this 
new justice are. One characteristic is that it is open, experimental. 
Like the old justice, it must protect all members of society — even the 
least — from violence and fraud, but it seeks to distribute more fairly the 
burdens and gains; it would keep open the way of opportunity. But 
above all perhaps is its conviction that society by taking thought can 
move on to a new level; that no longer living from hand to mouth, no 
longer groping, or blundering by trial and error, men may through the 
new science and the new spirit achieve what has been impractical before. 
All these demands of the time indicate, I believe, the need of the univer- 
sity as an agency of justice — a need to which it is already beginning in 
numerous ways to respond. 

Let us begin with our attitude toward the old dangers which threaten 
the old familiar values — that is, the crimes against person and projierty. 
I do not intend to repeat indictments against the criminal procedure of 
the courts, or against our penal institutions. These criticisms usually 
assume the necessity and adequacy of these institutions if efficiently 
carried on. A more fundamental question is persistently forcing itself 
upon us : Is our whole machinery of criminal justice anything more than 
a superficial effort to deal with certain symptoms ? Even if it does not 
— as some believe — make more criminals than it reforms, so much at least 
is evident: it does not stop the supply; crime continues with little if any 
decrease. This certainly compels the query whether something more 
adequate cannot be provided. Our ideas and agencies of criminal 
procedure derive mainly from the primitive days. Reliance was long 
almost wholly upon terror. More than two hundred varieties of crime, 
we are told, came to bear the death penalty. So helpless was the pro- 
fessional mind of a century ago to conceive any better form of security, 
that when it was proposed to abolish the death penalty for thefts of 



IQO THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE 

articles exceeding in value forty shillings, Chief Justice Ellenborough 
declared: "The learned judges are unanimous^ in their opinion that 
justice and the public safety require that the death penalty should not 

be remitted If we suffer this bill to pass we shall not know where 

we are, and whether we are standing on our heads or our heels." Nor 
has the humaner treatment which the last century demanded gone far 
beneath the surface. The present demand is that we find out causes. 
Of course older thought had its theory of causes. On the one hand, 
general depravity made us all evil-disposed ; on the other, free will made 
us all responsible. These theories fitted excellently into a scheme of 
divine justice which consistently condemned all alike. But human 
justice never has meted out such equal sentence. It has dealt with 
specific offenses, and now we seek to know likewise specific causes. We 
recognize that freedom is a matter of degrees, not of yes or no. And 
even if we are all sinners we don't all take the same forms for our offend- 
ing. We want to know specifically just why this boy steals and that girl 
goes wrong. If it is heredity, we want to know it; if it is home condi- 
tions, if it is city life, if it is our method of dealing with first offenders, 
we want to know it. The old justice began too late when it waited until 
the evil had been done. It must be supplemented by a new justice 
which begins earlier. 

This is a task which calls for all the agencies and methods of the 
university. It means study of heredity and growth. It calls for new 
developments of physiology and psychology. It means knowledge of 
economic and social conditions. It means justice as much more adequate 
than that of the present as ours is above that of the savage in the kinship 
group. 

But in our day the great dangers, even to person and property, are 
not from criminals or from foreign invader. The great dangers to life 
are from the machine. The dangers to security of goods are from the 
industrial or commercial process. Murders occupy large space in the 
press but they are trivial as sources of sorrow and misery compared with 
the fatalities from mine, and mill, and railroad; thirty-five thousand 
killed and half a million injured annually is a record which it is difficult 
for an academic audience to appreciate. If we add the occupational 
diseases, the lead poisoning, the tuberculosis in dust-producing industries, 
and the numerous by-products of our factory system, we have perils 
which as yet are not accurately known, but which dwarf into insignifi- 
cance the dangers from violence. Here, then, is a new demand upon 
the justice of the state. It must in some manner protect its members, 
or confess impotence and injustice. 



THE UNIVERSITY AND THE ADVANCE OF JUSTICE 191 

Closely connected with the problem of protecting life is that of 
carrying the heavy burden of economic loss which follows industrial 
accidents. This was at first piled almost entirely upon those least able 
to bear it, the wives and children of men earning small wages. The 
courts sought a partial remedy by developing the doctrine of individual 
responsibility. The employer was held liable for death or injury if he 
was unquestionably and solely to blame. The attempt was doubtless 
well intentioned but it has proved so futile either to protect life or to 
distribute the burden, and in general so much more like a lottery than a 
just process, that at last we are giving up in such cases the method of 
litigation. We are seeing the folly of trying to deal with a machine as 
though it were a person. It is better to control it than to sue it at law. 
Hence on the one hand the public requires safeguards for the machines, 
and on the other hand the public requires compensation for the families, 
ceasing in some degree to visit the misfortunes of the fathers upon 
the children. 

This specific case is but one illustration of a general tendency to meet 
our new and complex life by public instead of private law. We might 
take similar illustrations from commercial life. In dealing with railroads, 
or other public service corporations, individual effort to prevent unfair 
rates or secure redress has proved futile. As against the twentietji- 
century devices for disguising nature's defects the individual food-buyer 
is helpless. In the commercial world the individual is as helpless to 
avert the loss of all his goods in the event of a panic. Society steps in 
and substitutes its own action to protect life and health, to make fair 
rates and fair burdens. Administrative law gains over litigation. 
Expert commissions are employed. And as this method must not 
merely decide particular cases but rather formulate standards for state- 
and nation-wide application, the necessity for scientific procedure is 
increasingly felt. The important commissions have made large use of 
university men, and their methods are essentially university methods. 
We might indeed almost say that while the courts represent the deductive 
aspect of logic, and legislatures find their task in framing major premises, 
often on very hasty induction, the commission at its best represents the 
scientific union of the two in the working hypothesis. Commissions 
make a large use of the familiar standard of "reason." Rates must be 
reasonable. Machinery must be made reasonably safe. But instead of 
the judgment of the common man on the one hand, or the "artificial 
reason" of the law on the other, a scientific conception based on thorough 
and expert investigation is gradually being worked out. 

But the service of the university to the older agencies of justice is no 



192 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE 

less important. Those of us whose memory reaches back a quarter of a 
century may recall that the public mind was then deeply stirred upon a 
question of justice. An important religious body was nearly torn apart 
upon the question of divine justice to the heathen, but decisions of state 
and federal courts attracted little attention. When this university 
opened, he would have been a bold man who said that these decisions 
would ever rouse so earnest a controversy as the higher criticism of the 
Scriptures. Today, however, no aspect of justice stirs feelings so 
strongly as the instances of opposition between the law as interpreted by 
the courts and the law as made by the people in legislatures. Besides 
the strain between a written constitution and the voice of a majority, is 
the deeper issue which our former colleague. Professor Pound, pointed 
out in an address in this place — the vmsettled question as to which is the 
supreme authority, on the one hand reason as interpreted by the courts, 
on the other the will of the people. It is easy to say that reason ought to 
mean, not merely consistency, but a consideration of all relevant facts, 
and a scientific method of dealing with them; that it should mean, not 
merely the principles recognized in the seventeenth and eighteenth 
centuries, but the emerging principles of the twentieth. The question is 
how it shall come to mean these new things. It is easy to say, on the 
other hand, that the will of the people ought to be reasonable and its 
legislation intelligent and deliberate. The question is how it can 
become so. In solving each of these problems the university is able 
to render aid. 

The shortcomings of the courts have been set forth so diligently of 
late that it may be well to notice, first, some of the defects of legislative 
methods, even when no special interest has secured public favor for 
private ends. These methods. Professor Freund has pointed out,^ "are 
perhaps the natural result of leaving the entire work of legislation to 
a large body constituted primarily for purposes of policy and not of 
justice." They show such inherited faults as : ''no definite responsibihty 
for the introduction of bills; no thorough preliminary investigation of 
the conditions to be remedied; no adequate public discussion of the 
terms of a proposed measure, and involved if not faulty phraseology of 
statutes," often, no previous hearing of interests affected. In order to 
get action, public interest must be aroused, but this necessity often works 
against due consideration of means and measures. We lack statistics 
in many fields. We need a history of legislation and a history of the 

' "Jurisprudence and Legislation," Congress of Arts and Science, St. Louis, 1904, 
VII, 628 if. 



THE UNIVERSITY AND THE ADVANCE OF JUSTICE 193 

operation of statutes. Our legislation as compared with the common 
law is comparable to experiments in justice. But experiments without 
records and without comparison are not calculated to make sure progress. 
They resemble more the trial-and-error method of the squirrel in the 
psychologist's maze. They explain in part the indifferent if not hostile 
attitude of the courts, noticed by legal writers. 

These defects are evidently of just the sort which the university might 
be expected to remedy, and the legislative reference bureau, founded 
under university influence in Wisconsin, is the pioneer in what promises 
soon to be a general movement. It places information and expert aid at 
the service of the lawmaker. Its fitness is so evident that we wonder 
why it has not come before. It brings into the service of the public 
resources which in the past have too often been available for special 
interests only. And it is distinctly a university contribution to the 
advance of justice. 

If we turn now to the difficulties of the common law and the courts, 
we are told that the first of them is that we no longer have a common law. 
Instead, we have fifty more or less divergent systems, and this is not 
merely an inconvenience for the lawyer but a serious burden upon the 
process of justice. Under present conditions of short tenure and crowded 
dockets, judges, we are told, are no longer able to do the work of organiz- 
ing the law. The task is passing to the law teacher and the law writer' 
— that is, is becoming essentially a university duty. 

The task of bringing the new economic and social science into legal 
doctrines is quite as evidently laid in large measure upon the university, 
which will thus follow in the line of the church, the customs of merchants, 
and the legislation of the last century as liberalizing agencies for the 
common law. And another influence may be expected to flow from 
university contacts. One source of strain in the accommodation of law 
to present needs, we are told, is that lawyers on the whole still appear 
to hold, consciously or subconsciously, that "the principles of law are 
absolute, eternal, and of universal validity." Philosophers have fre- 
quently held the same thing about morals. But the spirit of a modern 
university, quick with inquiry, seeking the origins of suns and atoms and 
organic life, of language, customs, government, morals, and religions — 
this spirit must prepare the future lawyer and jurist to say with Kohler: 
" There is no eternal law. Law must adapt itself to constantly advancing 
civiUzation. This civilization it must aid, not hinder or repress."* 

'Roscoe Pound, "Taught Law," an address before the Association of American 
Law Schools, 191 2. 

^ Rechlsphilo Sophie, p. 6. 



194 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE 

In venturing to bring before you these features of the university's 
service to justice I have transgressed, I fear, the first principle of univer- 
sity life. For I speak with only the layman's claim of an interest in the 
subject. But there is one aspect of justice which we cannot, if we would, 
leave entirely to courts and legislatures. Great as are other agencies of 
justice, public sentiment is ultimately the most powerful. From it 
springs legislation. By it judicial opinion is insensibly but inevitably 
affected. Many questions do not require coercion by law if public 
sentiment is clear and positive. Now, however, more than ever before, 
public sentiment is confronted with tasks for which it needs expert 
guidance if it is to meet its responsibilities and do justice. Among the 
numerous problems of this sort I select one. 

In our present process wealth is produced by the most intricate sub- 
division and co-operation. What share ought each contributor to have ? 
Put in this general form the question is doubtless futile and negligible. 
But in one of its aspects it is more and more taking a specific form. 
What is a fair wage? Under older conditions this was largely an 
individual matter. At present, wages are settled for large groups and 
the public is tacitly if not openly appealed to for its opinion as to what is 
just. Two recent cases bring out alike the public interest and the 
magnitude of the problem. A year ago two strikes were threatened, one 
in the anthracite coal mines, the other by the locomotive engineers. In 
the one case, an increase of four millions of wages was granted, in the 
other, thirty thousand men asked for an increase of seven millions of 
dollars, which in the judgment of the railroad officials would suggest 
proportionate increases among other employees, amounting to sixty 
millions more. The interest of the public in the first case is indicated 
by the recent government report that to pay the four millions increase in 
wages the public contributed thirteen millions through the higher prices 
of coal. The interest of the public in preventing a strike in the latter case 
is forcibly presented by the commission constituted to arbitrate the 
issues. A strike by the locomotive- engineers of all the eastern roads, the 
commission declares, would largely shut off food supplies from the great 
cities of the East and practically paralyze industry in that region. "If 
a strike .... lasted only a single week the suffering would have been 
beyond our power of description, and if it had continued a month the 
loss not only in property but in life would have been enormous." For the 
public simply to form a ring and let the parties fight it out is obviously 
to abandon justice and revert to barbarism. Both sides wish to con- 
ciliate public opinion. The arbiters, of whom the president of the 



THE UNIVERSITY AND THE ADVANCE OF JUSTICE 195 

University of Wisconsin was chairman, seek to discover "the basis of a 
fair wage." The eminent commission finds this task highly difficult w4th 
the inadequate data available. How impossible for the general public to 
frame a just opinion ! It is only by continuous investigations and expert 
judgment that a more adequate basis can be laid. It is only by univer- 
sity methods that public opinion can find guidance. 

It may appear to some that it is exaggeration to treat this just- 
settled controversy of the engineers, or the pending controversy of the 
firemen, as typical. Unskilled labor is the larger factor and this is 
unorganized. Society, it may be said, need fear no concerted strikes 
from this labor, and hence is not compelled to form judgments, or 
intervene. But society is not so interpreting its duty. Quite apart 
from such possibilities of sudden fusion as the Lawrence strike revealed 
is the feeling that the ignorant and less successful who fill the ranks of 
the unskilled need the protection and aid of society if they cannot act 
collectively. A minimum-wage law for women, enacted in one state and 
proposed in others, whether economically sound or not, is evidence of 
the conviction that the wage of women is as vitally "affected with a 
public interest" as the charges of warehouses or the fares on railways. 
There is no question but that society will take a position on the question 
of fair wage for men likewise, though it may not attempt to put this into 
law. The only question is : How can this position be made as intelligent 
as possible ? 

In seeking some principle on which to form a judgment it is note- 
worthy that the tendency is to abandon the older tests of merit, "How 
much does the man earn ? " or of market price, "How much does unskilled 
labor command ?" The first test is too difficult for public opinion unless 
one can use the market price as a measure, and in proportion as we 
approach monopoly conditions the market price seems to be more than 
dubious as a moral standard. Instead, the conception of a "living 
wage," "a standard of living," is advanced as the test. At some future 
time this may be so defined as to take its place, along with property, as 
a value which law will protect. It stands for many of the same ends 
which property has served — food, shelter, security, permanence, decency, 
education of children, and some degree of comfort. But it seems to 
suggest also a share in the ideals of the time, as well as in its material 
resources. Its claim doubtless rests upon the beUef that if one of the 
members of society sinks or degenerates, all are sooner or later bound to 
suffer with it. But just because it is really far more complex than older 
."natural rights" it needs and is beginning to receive increasingly the 



196 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE 

most careful scientific study. Surveys and investigations — one of the 
most thorough made by our own University Settlement — are preparing 
the way for translating the figure of wages into terms of actual living 
and making possible a use of the scales of justice. 

In recounting the service of the university to this task of forming an 
intelligent public sentiment it would be impossible to leave out the work 
of the social settlements. Founded and largely developed under univer- 
sity influence and by university men and women, they have been seeking 
underlying social causes, as well as the more external facts which can be 
enumerated for the census. But they have contributed especially to the 
common understanding which is the first requisite for justice. If I am 
to be fair to the other man I must first of all be able to see things from 
his point of view, even if it is not my point of view. For the justice of 
today, which must reside so largely in public sentiment, common under- 
standing is as essential as was for earlier justice the common law. 

But I should be willing to waive all that has gone before if I might 
yet justly claim for the university a share in this which follows. To one 
who compares the attitude of society today toward the problems of 
justice with that of even a quarter-century ago, one general character 
stands out which is more significant than any detail. This may be 
called the creative and constructive attitude. The American has never 
lacked courage and constructiveness in business enterprise. The spirit 
of the founders and of the frontier was creative along the lines of political 
and educational institutions. But a quarter of a century ago we were 
not creative in problems of political and social life. We accepted many 
evils as inevitable. To say that a proposed measure involved some 
change in human nature was to condemn it. Economic laws appeared 
to many to be sentences of fate, rather than instrumentalities by which 
man could intelligently master conditions. Poverty, crime, vice, 
disease, ignorance, were facts to be accepted. Religion, philanthropy, 
law, sought to save individual souls or to remedy individual ills or wrongs. 
But there was no large constructive policy. The day of conservation, of 
city planning, of municipal efficiency, of such sanitation as that on 
Panama, of expert aid to agriculture, had not dawned. Now we are 
facing world-old evils as well as new dangers, with a new spirit. We are 
taking a larger view. No longer frightened by the plea, " Such is human 
nature," we are beginning to realize that human nature itself, as we kown 
it, is mainly an artificial product. We are looking farther back, and 
taking courage as we see how much has been done. We are beginning to 
conceive faintly how much may be done in the future if we plan largely 
for our cities, our resources, our citizens, instead of dealing one at a time 



THE UNIVERSITY AND THE ADVANCE OF JUSTICE 197 

with results of failure to plan. Is not this creative, confident spirit due 
in large measure to the work of the university ? For by its discoveries 
and its organization of methods there has come for the first time a con- 
fidence based on knowledge as well as on faith. 

Visions of a juster order have come to seers and philosophers many 
times since the Egyptian of four thousand years ago described his ideal 
kingdom. Oftenest perhaps religion has embodied this ideal in its future. 
But with all its power to lift the imagination and stir the longing for a 
reign of right, religion has lacked ability to organize our present society. 
Philosophers since Plato's paradox have more than once been kings, and 
yet have failed to give his royal city to the light of day. The university 
spirit of today is not visionary, but it has a right to believe that many 
things impossible for prophet or individual philosopher are possible by 
the patient and courageous work of the great force of university men 
working with scientific methods. 

If the university is to do the work which society is asking from it, 
and is certain to ask increasingly as need increases and scientific methods 
develop, it is evident that large additions will be necessary to its resources 
in certain lines. The natural sciences developed earlier, and properly 
received at first the larger equipment. The task of the social sciences 
needs, and we may believe will find, larger equipment than heretofore, 
not in laboratories — these are in the cities and the shops, the legislatures, 
courts, and schools — but in the men to observe, to interpret, and to plan 
constructively in the cause of justice. 

It may have occurred to someone to ask: "Why do you speak of the 
university and the advance of justice ?" Is it not rather the scientific 
spirit and method which have been shown to be our need and hope ? In 
part these are the same. Investigation is mainly carried on in univer- 
sities. And on the other hand, nothing is so characteristic of the modern 
university as the zeal for original inquiry. But great as is the scientific 
spirit, for purposes of justice the university is more than science. Its 
task is not only to professionalize a part of society but to socialize the 
professions. It stands for the spirit to use science for human advance- 
ment, rather than for private ends. It stands for the enrichment and 
socializing of human life by interpretation and appreciation of art and 
letters as well as of institutions, religion, and philosophy. It stands for 
the kindling of generous impulses, for the enthusiasms and challenge 
of youth not yet so accustomed to unjust usages as to accept them, or 
so cautious as to be overtimid. It stands not only for the forces of 
ideas but also for the interaction of men in democratic association. 

In the thought of the ancient Egyptian, Truth and Justice were not 



igS THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE 

distinguished. As civilization advanced society found for them different 
words and intrusted these two great values to different institutions. 
Universities have been founded to seek for truth ; governments and courts 
to do justice. But with all the gain of specialization, has there not also 
been somewhat of loss ? Some truth pursued by universities has been 
so abstract as to lose even the value of being true. Some justice exercised 
by rulers and courts has failed to be just. Society today is finding that 
justice needs truth for its method and that truth needs justice to make it 
vital. The universities are increasingly conceiving the business which 
is in hand not as "an opinion to be held, but as a work to be done"; and 
an increasing share of this work not only lays "the foundation of human 
utility and power" but contributes to the deeper, finer values which 
emerge as utility is justly measured, and power is justly used. Those 
who are today passing here from the smaller division of our univer- 
sity to the larger, and are to be enrolled among the alumni, are to be 
welcomed to fuller co-operation in this task. 

You may find many ways of making your contribution. So young a 
university as ours cherishes examples which range from the devotion of 
a Ricketts to the sympathy of a Gloucester Moors; it includes among its 
living members in Chicago and wherever its alumni are found those who 
are serving human weal in ways more numerous than I could recount. 
To have some part however small in the advancement of justice is the 
privilege of all members of the modern university — of this university. 



SORTING COLLEGE FRESHMEN' 

The question of establishing a fair measure of the entering college 
student's ability to write English has been perhaps greater than the 
difficulty of rating him in any other so-called entrance subject, and the 
importance of arriving at some fair test and of bringing deficient students 
up to the minimum requirement is, of course, emphasized by the necessity 
of his representing his knowledge of subjects in all departments through 
written ••minations and reports. Realizing the peculiarity of the 
English situation, the faculty of the University of Chicago have for 
many years dealt with this as a separate problem.^ 

The basic assumption has been made that the proof of a student's 
ability to write rested on the average of his written work at any given 
time and not on entrance credentials or college credits. At the request 
of the English department, members of all other departments in the Uni- 
versity are urged to report students whose work in English is markedly 
defective. If the case is flagrant enough, a student's credit for a course 
in English may be withdrawn, and he may be compelled to pass it again 
before his diploma is granted. Matters of internal administration in a 
college are, however, relatively uninteresting to the school man. But 
the application of this same assumption to the entering student is more 
interesting, as it bears directly on his status and involves a regular 
procedure which demands extra instruction and an enlarged faculty. 
This is the procedure which has given to this article the title, "Sorting 
College Freshmen." 

English I is required of every Freshman student entering the Uni- 
versity as one of the three courses in his first twelve weeks or quarter. 
In the autumn when the largest number enter, new students are con- 
vened on their first day, and among other important announcements, 
information is given to them that all must register in English i, but for 
the first week merely on probation. During this trial period an amount 
of writing is exacted from the Freshman which would be unreasonable 
were he required to do as much in each week of the course. Each 

' Reprinted from the English Journal, February, 19 13. 

' This is, of course, not a unique arrangement at Chicago. Similar systems are 
m operation at Madison, Ann Arbor, and elsewhere. A comparative study of all 
these would be interesting and profitable, particularly with reference to what consti- 
tutes eligibility to the required Freshman English course. 

199 



20D THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE 

student prepares outside of class two themes which, in the average 
case, aggregate i,ooo to 1,500 words, and, in addition, writes one exercise 
in class and takes a written examination. The subjects for assigned 
papers are naturally simple and concrete, but so varied from year to 
year that they cannot be anticipated and prepared for.' At the end 
of the trial period, those students whose work has shown either a notable 
inability to think, to construct, or to write simple sentences without 
error are rejected from English i and passed back into English o. 

A word is in place as to the method of determining a student's 
fitness or unfitness to carry the regular work. A copy of the English 
Journal for the spring contained a letter from a teacher who was frankly 
indignant at the methods employed and evidently certain that the basis 
of rejection of students was arbitrary and unjustifiable. From the 
address given at the head of the letter, it was possible to run down the 
case of the students concerned, and see what sort of English they had 
presented in their test papers. It was no worse than the following. 
It is impossible to give copious illustrations, but here are sentences 
from students diverted from English i to English o in October, 191 2: 

"Altho I am at present independent of my upkeep I realized that at an institu- 
tion where so many positions were open to those who needed them, an air of business 
would be entertained that might not be found in other places." 

"Also in social life in a town such as Lincoln the lines are more closey drown that 
is one must either take an active part or be to quite an extent an outcast, where here 
one can live as they please or as conditions allow them." 

"When asked why he is at any college or university, frequently one's mind is a 
perfect blank. But. however, after considerable thought on that subject one is quite 
convinced why he is there." 

"In Chicago besides the different people are fine parks, museums and other 
educating things which every one should have a good idea of before entering lives 
work." 

"The University of Chicago, an institution of learning located in the city of 
Chicago offers many more opportunities than does many other schools and colleges 
of the same purpose." 

"The number of instructors employed in the school I do not know but if I may 
say what I have herd graduates of the University of Chicago say and also graduates 
of other large institution say that the teachers here where the best money could hire." 

The course known as English o, designed for the edification of 
students who write like this, is conducted under the roof of the Uni- 
versity High School by two of the ablest Senior instructors in the English 

' The exercise in class for the present year was in the nature of a report on exposi- 
tory prose read aloud by the instructor, and the examination involved the definition 
of one or two rhetorical terms, the planning of a hypothetical theme, the correcting 
of a few defective sentences, and the writing of a paragraph of exposition. 



SORTING COLLEGE FRESHMEN 20l 

department there. It is given at the two hours coinciding with the 
hours in which the fourteen present divisions of English i are conducted, 
and it involves no extra payment of student fees. There is no necessary 
ignominy in being enrolled in English o, nor is there necessarily a per- 
manent penalty for being placed in this division. 

The possibilities for the student sent to English o are four: 

a) If he is so hopelessly deficient that the instructor in English o 
sees no chance of preparing him for English i during the course of 
the next six months, he is given a failure and the burden of prepara- 
tion in English for college work is laid upon his individual shoulders. 

b) If he does fairly well so that it would be safe to admit him to 
English I at the beginning of the ensuing quarter, he is passed into 
it, and then if he passes English i , he has at the end of his first six months 
secured credit for five courses instead of the six secured by the normal 
student. 

c) If he shows distinct progress in the elementary matters of pro- 
nunciation, grammar, and syntax, to which the English i instructor 
cannot give the chief emphasis, he may be passed out of English o to 
English 2. This is an extra course without fee, supplementary to 
English I, running during the Winter and Spring quarters, into which 
delinquents in English i, as well as advanced students in English o, 
are passed. They are held here under an indeterminate sentence, and 
if the results justify it, are sooner or later given credit for English i.' 

d) In exceptional cases, the student rejected from English i and 
put in English o may even, on recommendation of the instructor in 
English o, be given credit for English i during his first quarter's residence. 
It will thus be seen that the whole system is as far as possible so arranged 
as to take account of the individual equipment and ability of the student, 
and so as to avoid at any place catching him in the cog-wheels of the 
machinery with the result that the possibly mistaken judgment of a 
single instructor will permanently embarrass him. 

With these statements as a background, some figures relative to 
the developments during the last seven years in which this system has 
been in operation may be pertinent and intelligible. Table I shows 
the number of students who in the last seven years have been rejected 
from English i and put into English o, and the subsequent fates of 

■ Thus, the student dropped from English i into English o, and passed from o to 
2 and then out of 2, secures his major's credit as quickly as students who have been 
held in i and detained in 2 for extra practice; and English 2, since it is an added late 
afternoon course, does not prevent a student from registering in three regular courses, 
and so from securing credit for six majors during the first two quarters. 



202 



THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE 



these students — those who failed in English o, those who dropped the 
course, those who were passed directly into English 2, from which it 
was possible for them to get credit for English i before the end of the 
Winter Quarter, and the small minority who received credit for English i 
at the same time with the students who had not been rejected. Exami- 
nation of the table shows that during the first three years there were 
rather wade fluctuations, due probably to the experimental nature of 
the course in these years, but that in the last four completed autumns 
English o has definitely settled down and shown definite tendencies. 

TABLE I 

The Course in English o 



Quarter 


No. 

in Class 


Failed 


Dropped 


To 
English 2 


To 
English I 


Credit for 
English I 


Autumn, 1905 

Autumn, 1906 

Autumn, 1907 

Autumn, 1908 

Autumn, 1909 

Autumn, 1910 

Autumn, 191 1 


89 
30 
57 
78 
69 
53 
46 


8* 

15 
16 

32 
24 

13 
10 


I 

2 

4 
2 




24 

3 
II 
21 
18 
18 
20 


54 
12 
27 
24 
23 
14 
15 


2 


I 

7 
2 
8 

I 



♦One suspended. 

a) The number of students sent into this class, the number who 
have failed in it, and the number who have been advanced from it 
into English i, have all decreased in like proportion. 

h) The number passed into English 2 has remained about constant, 
a fact which means that the proportion has somewhat increased. 

c) The very small number who have received direct credit for 
English I is too low to justify any deductions. 

A second table is also interesting with reference not merely to the 
matter of English o, but to the entire method of "sorting Freshmen" 
in connection with which English o is the most striking feature. This 
shows that in general the number of registrations in English i has 
remained within reaching distance of 400 in the last seven years, the 
average being 382, but that the number of sections in English i has 
steadily increased, with the result that the average number of students 
in a section, which in 1905 was a shade over 50, had fallen in 191 1 to 
about 27.' This increase in the number of sections and instructors 

' In order to determine the average number of students per section the number 
sent to English o must be subtracted from the total before dividing by the number of 
sections. 



SORTING COLLEGE FRESHMEN 



203 



has, of course, made possible a- more effective treatment of the indi- 
vidual student. With this slight fluctuation in the number of registra- 
tions, it is apparent also that the number sent to English o has been 
slowly decreasing, as has already been stated, but that the number sent 
to English 2 has remained relatively constant; furthermore, that the 
number of failures in English i has been decreasing, particularly in 
the last three years, when the smaller sections have prevailed. 

TABLE II 
The Course in English i 





Number of 


No. of Reg- 


No. Sent to 


No. Sent to 


Number 


Number of 




Sections 


istrations 


English 


English i 


Dropped 


1 Failures 


Autumn, 1905 


6 


392 


89 


61 


10 


i 18 


Autumn, 1906 


6 


341 


30 


58 


11 


1 16 


Autumn, IQ07 


8 


389 


57 


60 


7 


1 ^^ 


Autumn, 1908 


10 


356 


78 


52 


5 


26 


Autumn, 1909 


12 


377 


69 


55 


6 


4 


Autumn, 1910 


12 


392 


Si 


50 


II 


2 


Autumn, 1911 


14 


430 


46 


51 


S 


1 4 


Average 


9? 


382? 


6o| 


S5f 


7? 


1 12^ 



Enough has been said about English 2 to make some further descrip- 
tion of this course, the final stage of the procedure, necessary. It 
would be obviously absurd in a course in English composition based 
upon theme-writing to enable a student to make up his deficiency 
through the passing of a single examination. English 2, known to the 
students as the "trailer," has, therefore, e.xisted for many years, and 
has been conducted during the Winter and Spring quarters for the 
purpose of giving additional practice in writing to students who do not 
deserve credit for English i , but who should be conditioned in the course. 

The course in the Winter Quarter, when it always is largest, furnishes 
the most convenient object for study. It is recruited roughly from 
three sources: first, the overwhelming majority sent from English i, 
a rather constant number fluctuating in seven years only between 50 
and 64; second, the number sent up from English o, usually in the 
neighborhood of 20 per year; and third, a few pickups from previous 
quarters who through illness or absence have not yet completed the 
English ordeal. 

The fates of these students are very different. Most of them pass 
within two months, after the writing of six to eight themes. A few 
still fail to satisfy University standards at the end of the three months' 
period and are held in for another period of drill. These are only a 



204 



THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE 



handful, but they should be noted in any study of the efficiency or 
thoroughness of the method. Finally, in checking up totals, a small 
number, only once more than lo in the last six years, are either dropped 
from the course or more frequently do not report. 



TABLE III 

Report of English 2 



Number 


Number 


Reported 


Passed in 


Failed in 


Sent from 


Sent from 


from Previ- 


Three or 


Three or 


English I 


English 


ous Quarters 


Six Months 


Six Months 


64 


24 


I 


55 


17 


58 


3 


4 


57 


I 


60 


II 





56 





52 


21 





63 


5 


55 


18 


5 


64 


8 


50 


18 





51 


7 


51 


20 





63 


4 



Dropped 

or Did Not 

Report 



Winter, 1906, 
Winter, 1907, 
Winter, 1908, 
Winter, 1909, 
Winter, 1910, 
Winter, 191 1. 
Winter, 191 2, 



13 
7 

IS 
5 
6 

10 
4 



In general, if we consider that the judgment of the University 
instructors has been in any degree sound and in any degree constant, 
certain deductions seem reasonable. The first is that, in spite of the 
best efforts of preparatory-school instructors, certain students are able 
to slip through who really have no place in college divisions of English, 
whatever their other entrance qualifications may be. Further, from 
the decreasing number of students set back from English i, it seems that 
the average of English efficiency at college entrance is steadily increasing. 
Finally, as an examination of Table IV, the general summary, will 
show, the course as now conducted with all its complexities has much 
to be said in its defense. 

TABLE IV 
General Summary 





Total No. 
Students 


No. Passed 

via 
EngUsh I 


No. Passed 

via 

and 2 

or I and 2 


No. Passed 
via and i 
(estimated) 


Total 
Passed 


Total 
Failed or 
Dropped 


Autumn, 1905 

Autumn, 1906 

Autumn, 1907 

Autumn, 1908 

Autumn, 1909 

Autumn, 1910 

Autumn, 1911 

wm 


392 
341 
389 
356 
377 
392 
430 


214 
226 
248 
195 
243 
276 

324 


55 
57 
56 
63 
64 
51 
63 


56 
8 
28 
21 
20 
22 
16 


325 
291 

332 
279 

327 
349 
403 


67 
50 
57 
77 
50 
43 
27 



I understand all too well that no report covering the cases of almost 
2,700 students and no set of tabulations can possibly give more than 



SORTING COLLEGE FRESHMEN 205 

an approximation of what is being accomplished. I might divide and 
subdivide and still discover in the final analysis that I had failed to 
make allowance for the case of the woman student whose credit in English 
2 was to be withheld until she had brought in a certificate of vaccination. 
In the main, however, the concluding table shows what, to the 
University instructors, cannot be anything but gratifying data. This 
table, which, with the exception of one column, is a mere restatement 
of data already provided, shows the total number of students registered 
in English and the numbers who have received credit for English i 
either by directly taking this course or by taking English o plus English 
2 or by taking English o plus English i. It has shown, as the other 
tables have, that since this system has been in effect there were two 
or three years of comparative fluctuation, but in the last four years of 
full operation the total number of registrations has increased, the total 
passing the regular course has increased, the total number saved by 
means of the special methods herein described has slightly decreased 
(owing to the decreased burdens laid on these courses), and that the 
total number of students lost through failure to pass English i in its 
various forms, or through dropping out of college has steadily been 
reduced. Although the entrance efficiency of the student is doubtless 
somewhat higher than it has been in the past, it is no less clear that the 
teaching efficiency in the handling of this course has risen greatly since 
the adoption of the present system. 

Percy H. Boynton 



THE UNIVERSITY RECORD 



The Eighty-sixth Convocation. — At the 
Eighty-sixth Convocation of the Univer- 
sity, which was held on March i8 in the 
Leon Mandel Assembly Hall, there were 
one hundred and twenty-one candidates 
for titles and degrees. Of these, fifty- 
four were candidates for the title of 
Associate. Thirty-six Bachelors of Arts, 
Philosophy, or Science, including three 
Bachelors in Education, were graduated; 
two Bachelors of Divinity; one Bachelor 
of Laws; sixteen Masters of Arts or 
Science; seven Doctors of Law (J.D.); 
and five Doctors of Philosophy. Of 
those taking higher degrees, ten took 
their Bachelor's degree at the University 
of Chicago. One of the Associates was 
a Japanese, and one of those receiving 
the degree of Doctor of Law (J.D.) was 
Mr. Paul Vincent Harper, a son of the 
late President William Rainey Harper. 

The Convocation orator was Professor 
James Hayden Tufts, Ph.D., LL.D., 
head of the Department of Philosophy, 
his subject being "The University and 
the Advance of Justice." The address, 
which met with many expressions of 
praise, appears elsewhere in this number 
of the Magazine. 

Professor Tufts and Mrs. Tufts were 
the guests of honor at the Convocation 
reception in Hutchinson Hall on the 
evening of March 17, when they received 
with President Harry Pratt Juflson and 
Mrs. Judson, and Mr. Lorado Taft, 
Professorial Lecturer on the History of 
Art, and Mrs. Taft. 

Presentation of the portrait of Professor 
von Hoist. — At the presentation to the 
University, on the occasion of the Con- 
vocation reception, March 17, of the 
portrait of Hermann Eduard von Hoist, 
the distinguished scholar and first head 
of the Department of History, Professor 
J. Laurence Laughlin, head of the Depart- 
ment of Political Economy, made a brief 
address as the representative of Professor 
von Hoist's former colleagues, and Presi- 
dent Harry Pratt Judson accepted the 
portrait on behalf of the University. 
Both speakers expressed admiration and 
a sincere feeling of regard for the famous 
scholar who made so striking a figure in 



the life of the University during its first 
ten years. Mr. Hermann von Hoist, 
son of Professor von Hoist, who is him- 
self a graduate of the University and a 
well-known architect of Chicago, unveiled 
the portrait of his father. The painting, 
which is the work of John C. Johansen, 
a New York artist, has been hung at the 
east end of Hutchinson Hall, taking the 
place of the older portrait, which has been 
placed in the historical seminar room of 
the Harper Memorial Library. 

A new member of the Law School 
Faculty. — Edward Wilcox Hinton, Dean 
of the University of Missouri Law School, 
has been appointed Professor of Law in 
the University of Chicago Law School, 
his appointment to begin with the 
Autumn Quarter. Mr. Hinton is a 
graduate of the University of Missouri 
and of the Columbia Law School. After 
an experience of twelve years in the 
general practice of law he became Pro- 
fessor of Pleading and Practice in the 
University of Missouri Law School in 
1903, at the same time continuing his 
practice. He has been markedly success- 
ful in developing instruction in Practice, 
a branch of law-school work that until 
recently has been either neglected or 
dealt with very indifferently by the lead- 
ing law schools of the country. In 1906 
Mr. Hinton published his Cases on Code 
Pleading, and in 191 2 he became Dean of 
the Missouri Law School. At Chicago 
he will have entire charge of the work 
in Practice and Evidence, and will 
reorganize and make more efficient the 
Practice courses offered in the School. 

State conference of the American 
Chemical Society. — Two hundred dele- 
gates from all parts of the state attended 
the annual conference of the Illinois 
section of the American Chemical Society 
which met at the University the middle 
of March. Among the speakers was 
Dr. Rollin T. Chamberlin, of the Depart- 
ment of Geology, who gave an illustrated 
lecture on the subject of "Some Ore and 
Mineral Deposits in South America." 
Dr. Chamberlin recently returned from 
a year of special investigations in South 
America. Professor William A. Noyes, 



206 



THE UNIVERSITY RECORD 



207 



of the University of Illinois, widely 
known for his research work in chemistry, 
gave a significant address on "The 
Electron Theory." Professor Julius 
Stieglitz, Director of Analytical Chemis- 
try, was in charge of the arrangements 
for the conference. 

Chicago meeting of the American 
Mathematical Society. — The Chicago sec- 
tion of the American Mathematical 
Society held its semi-annual meeting 
at the University of Chicago on March 21 
and 22. The University was largely 
represented on the program, among the 
papers presented being those by Pro- 
fessor Eliakim H. Moore, Head of the 
Department of Mathematics; Professor 
Leonard E. Dickson and Assistant- 
Professor Arthur C. Lunn, of the same 
department; Professor Forest R. Moul- 
ton and Associate Professor Kurt Laves, 
of the Department of Astronomy and 
Astrophysics; and two Fellows in 
mathematics. A dinner for the members 
was given at the Quadrangle Club on 
the evening of March 21. .\ssociate 
Professor Herbert E. Slaught, secretary 
of the Chicago section of the society, 
had general claarge of the arrangements 
for the meeting, which had an attendance 
of over fifty members and thirty visitors. 

Religions Education Association. — The 
University of Chicago was represented 
at the tenth annual convention of the 
Religious Education Association, held 
in Cleveland from March 10 to 14, by 
President Harry Pratt Jud.son, who 
presided over the convention and gave 
the president's annual address; Dean 
Shailer Mathews, of the Divinity School; 
Professor John M. Coulter, of the Depart- 
ment of Botany; Professor Theodore G. 
Soares, Head of the Department of 
Practical Theology, and Associate Pro- 
fessor Allan Hoben, of the same depart- 
ment; Professor Nathaniel Butler, of 
the Department of Education; Associate 
Professor Clyde VV. Votaw, of the Depart- 
ment of Biblical and Patristic Greek; 
Professor Ira M. Price, of the Depart- 
ment of Semitics; Principal Franklin W. 
Johnson, of the University High School; 
and Director Charles H. Judd, of the 
School of Education. The general sub- 
ject for discussion was "Religious Educa- 
tion and Civic Progress." 

The University Orchestral Association. — 
In the series of concerts provided by the 
University Orchestral Association the 



eighth was given on March 1 1 , the soloist 
being Alice Nielsen, of the Metropolitan 
and Boston Opera companies. She 
sang two groups of songs in English, one 
group in Italian, one in German, and 
one in French, and also at the close of 
the concert a number from Madame 
Butterfly. The audience, which occupied 
even the stage, was enthusiastic, espe- 
cially over the English songs, and de- 
manded many encores during the pro- 
gram. The other soloists in the series 
have been Rudolph Ganz, the Swiss 
pianist, and Eugene Ysaye, the Belgian 
violinist. The ninth and closing concert 
was given on April 8 by the Chicago 
Symphony Orchestra under the direction 
of Frederick Stock. During the season 
the Orchestra has presented among other 
compositions, symphonies by Beethoven, 
Mozart, Raff, and Brahms. 

As in the two preceding years, the 
season ticket sale practically exhausted 
the seating capacity of the Leon Mandel 
Assembly Hall, there being but thirty 
tickets available for single admission 
sale. In response to the demand for 
single admissions to the special artist 
recitals a large number of seats were 
placed on the stage and sold to students 
at reduced rates. Nearly three hundred 
students in the University took advantage 
of the low rate offered to them for the 
purchase of tickets for the season. 

The annual meeting of the members of 
the University Orchestral Association 
was held on .\pril 14, at which time 
officers for the next year were elected. 
These officers will decide upon the 
programs to be given in 1913-14. 

University Preachers for the Spring 
Quarter. — President Albert Parker Fitch, 
of Andover Theological Seminary, was 
the University Preacher on .\pril 6 
and 13. On April 20 and 27 Dr. Cor- 
nelius Wolfkin, of the Fifth Avenue 
Baptist Church, New York City, will 
be the preacher, and on May 4 Professor 
Hugh Black, of Union Theological 
Seminary. Dr. A. White Vernon, of 
the Harvard Church, Brookline, Mass., 
and Dean Lewis B. Fisher, of the Ryder 
(Universalist) Divinity House of the 
University of Chicago, will also preach 
in May; and Professor Charles R. 
Henderson, head of the Department of 
Practical Sociology, who recently re- 
turned from giving the Barrows lectures 
in the Orient, is to be the Convocation 
preacher on June 8. 



2o8 



THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE 



The Twenty-fifth Educational Conference 
at the University. — The twenty-fifth Edu- 
cational Conference of the academies and 
high schools in relations with the Uni- 
versity of Chicago will be held at the 
University on April i8 and 19. The 
departmental conferences have for their 
general topic "Economy in Education." 
The chairmen of the various conferences 
include Associate Professor Otis W. 
Caldwell, in biology; Professor Rollin D. 
Salisbury, in earth science; Professor 
William A. Nitze, in French; Associate 
Professor Robert J. Bonner, in Greek 
and Latin; Assistant Professor Marcus 
W. Jernegan, in history; Professor 
Marion Talbot, in home economics; 
Associate Professor Frank M. Leavitt, in 
manual arts; Associate Professor Herbert 
E. Slaught, in mathematics; and Asso- 
ciate Professor Charles R. Mann, in 
physics and chemistry. Among the 
papers to be presented are those by 
Associate Professors Wallace W. Atwood 
and Harlan H. Barrows, Assistant 
Professors Earle B. Babcock, Charles 
Goettsch, and Hermann I. Schlesinger, 
and various members of the School of 
Education. At the general session in 
Leon Mandel Assembly Hall on the even- 
ing of April 18 President Harry Pratt 
Judson will give an address on the sub- 
I'ect of "Economy in Education" and 
Dean James R. Angell will speak of 
"The Details Bearing on the Duplica- 
tion of School and College Work." The 
fifteenth annual contest in declamation 
between representatives of the schools 
in relations with the University will be 
held in Kent Theater on the evening of 
April 18, and there will be the usual 
written examination of contestants for 
the prizes in English, German, mathe- 
matics, and physics. President Judson 
will preside at the luncheon for adminis- 
trative officers, which precedes a general 
discussion of the "Administrative Phases 
of the Problem of Economy in Educa- 
tion," in which Director Charles H. Judd, 
of the School of Education, will be one 
of the speakers. 

Professor Thomas C. Chamberlin, 
head of the Department of Geology, and 
Professor Forest R. Moulton, of the 
Department of Astronomy and Astro- 
physics, are members of a special com- 
mittee of the Illinois Academy of Science 
appointed to recommend a revision of 
the present Julian calendar. 

James Westfall Thompson, Associate 



Professor of European History, has been 
granted leave of absence by the Uni- 
versity Board of Trustees for the Spring 
and Summer Quarters. He will spend 
the time in study in Germany. Pro- 
fessor Thompson was appointed by the 
President and Senate of the University 
as a delegate to attend the meeting in 
London on April 4-9 of the International 
Historical Congress. 

Dean Shailer Mathews, of the Divinity 
School, has been made a member of the 
editorial board of the new Constructive 
Quarterly, the first issue of which appeared 
in March. The quarterly, which is de- 
voted to the work and thought of 
Christendom, is published in New 
York City, and among its other editors 
are Professor Henry van Dyke, of Prince- 
ton, and President Robert A. Falconer, of 
the University of Toronto. 

On account of the continued illness of 
Professor Clarke B. Whittier, of the 
Law School faculty, Professor William 
U. Moore, of the University of Wisconsin 
Law School, is giving the course on 
Suretyship during the Spring Quarter. 
Professor Moore lectures in Chicago 
two days a week. 

Ferdinand Schevill, Professor of 
Modern History, has been made one 
of the board of editors of the new dra- 
matic publication. The Play-Book, of 
which the editor is Professor Thomas H. 
Dickinson, of the University of Wiscon- 
sin. Professor Robert M. Lovett, of 
the Department of English, and Asso- 
ciate Professor Martin Schiitze, of the 
Department of German, are on the staff 
of regular contributors to the new period- 
ical. Mr. Lovett has recently edited 
the play of Julius Caesar, a volume in 
"The Tudor Shakespeare" published 
by the Macmillan Co. There are to 
be forty volumes in the series. 

A. C. McClurg & Co. announce the 
publication of Mark Twain and the 
Happy Island, a new book by Assistant 
Professor Elizabeth Wallace, of the 
Department of Romance Languages 
and Literatures. The volume gives 
an intimate account of Mr. Clemens' 
life in Bermuda. Miss Wallace's last 
book, A Garden of Paris, which has gone 
to a second edition, was also published by 
McClurg. 

At the Eighty-sixth Convocation of 
the University on March 18 announce- 
ment was made of the election of thirty- 
five students as members of Sigma Xi 
for evidence of ability in research work 



THE UNIVERSITY RECORD 



209 



in stience. Six of these were women. 
Two students also were elected to the 
Beta of Illinois chapter of Phi Beta 
Kappa for especial distinction in general 
scholarship in the University. Both 
of these were women. 

Professor Walter Sargent, of the 
School of Education, is the author of a 
new volume published by Ginn & Co. 
under the title of Fine and Indus- 
trial Arts in Elementary Schools. The 
first chapter discusses the educational 
and practical values of the fine arts and 
industrial arts, and the following chapters 
explain the work suitable for each grade. 
The book is illustrated by examples of 
work already done in this field of educa- 
tion. 

A new organization to be known as the 
Political Science Club has been formed 
at the University, with a membership 
limited to students in the Senior Colleges 
and Graduate Schools. The club meets 
monthly and its first debate was held on 
April 2, when the subject was the ques- 
tion of the Panama Canal tolls. The 
club already has a membership of forty. 

Thirty-six members of the University 
Glee Club left the middle of March for 
a concert trip through the western states, 
the itinerary including cities in Kansas, 
Oklahoma, Texas, New Mexico, Arizona, 
and California. The tour was under 
the auspices of the Atchison, Topeka 
& Santa Fe Railroad, and the club gave 
concerts before a number of the organiza- 
tions of the railway's employees. On 
account of leaving before the regular 
quarterly examinations of the Uni- 
versity the members of the Glee Club 
took their examinations en route, under 
the supervision of Mr. Harold G.Moulton, 
of the Department of Political Economy. 
Mr. Robert VV. Stevens, the musical 
director, also accompanied the club. 

"Nietzsche's Ethical, Social, and Reli- 
gious Views," is the general subject of a 
series of University public lectures 
which are being given in the Harper 
Memorial Library, by Mr. William M. 
Salter. The lecturer traces Nietzsche's 
criticism of morality, of current social 
and political conceptions and institutions, 
and of religion, particularly Christianity. 

At the last meeting of the American 
Association for the Advancement of 
Science Professor Forest R. Moulton, 
of the Department of Astronomy and 
Astrophysics, was elected secretary of 
Section A (mathematics and astronomy), 
to succeed Professor George A. Miller, 



of the University of Illinois, who had 
held the position for five years. 

Recent contributions by the members 
of the Faculties to the journals published 
by the University of Chicago Press: 

Cooper, William S.: "The Climax 
Forest of Isle Royale, Lake Superior, 
and Its Development." Ill (Contribu- 
tions from the Hull Botanical Laboratory 
165), with twenty-five figures, Botanical 
Gazette, March. 

Mehl, Maurice G.: " Angistorhinus, 
A New Genus of Phytosauria from the 
'Trias of Wyoming," Journal of Geology, 
February' -March . 

Merriam, Professor Charles E.: "Out- 
look for Social Politics in the United 
States," American Journal of Sociology, 
March. 

Recent addresses by members of the 
Faculties include: 

Breckinridge, Assistant Professor 
Sophonisba P.: "In Darker Chicago," 
Housing Exhibition, City Club of 
Chicago, March 17. 

Butler, Professor Nathaniel: "Voca- 
tional Education," Normal University, 
Bloomington, 111., March 5. 

Caldwell, Associate Professor Otis W.: 
"Home Gardening" (illustrated), 
Housing Exhibition, City Club of 
Chicago, March 26. 

Clark, Associate Professor S. H.: Dra- 
matic interpretation, Galsworthy's The 
Pigeon, Salt Lake City, Utah, Feb- 
ruary 26; Zangwill's The Melting Pot, 
ibid., February 28. 

Coulter, Professor John M.: "Eugenics 
and Heredity," Child Welfare study 
class of Woman's City Club, Chicago, 
Kenwood Institute, March 17. 

Foster, Professor George B.: "fimile 
Zola's Religion," Chicago Hebrew 
Institute, March 26. 

Goode, Associate Professor J. Paul : "Our 
National Resources: Their Economic 
Significance," three illustrated lectures, 
Goodwyn Institute, Memphis, Tenn., 
March 5, 6, 7; "The Philippines: 
The Land and the People," Grand 
Rapids, Mich., March 18. 

Gorsuch, William P.: "Moliere and His 
Comedies," Chicago Dramatic Society, 
March 14. 

Hoben, Associate Professor Allan: 
"Work among the Children," North 
Shore Juvenile Protective Association, 
Highland Park, 111., March 16. 

Jordan, Professor Edwin O.: "Vanishing 



2IO 



THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE 



Diseases," University Club, Chicago, 
March 22. 

Judd, Professor Charles H.: "The 
Relation of the High School to the 
Elementary School and to College," 
High School, Evanston, 111., March 6; 
Address, Northwestern Iowa Teachers' 
Association, Fort Dodge, Iowa, March 
14. 

Judson, President Harry Pratt: Address 
at fifty-fifth anniversary dinner. Young 
Men's Christian Association of Chi- 
cago, Auditorium Hotel, April i. 

Laughlin, Professor J. Laurence: "The 
Monopoly of Labor," Citizens' In- 
dustrial Association, St. Louis, March 
25; "Democracy and Business," City 
Club, St. Louis, March 25. 

Leavitt, Associate Professor Frank M.: 
"Vocational Training," Parents and 
Teachers' Association, Haven School, 
Evanston, 111., March 11; "Early 
Selection of a Vocation," eighteenth 
annual meeting of the North Central 
Association of Colleges and Second- 
ary Schools, Hotel La Salle, Chicago, 
March 22. 

Moulton, Professor Forest R.: "The 
Wonderful Heavens" (illustrated), 



Hawkeye Fellowship Club, Auditorium 
Hotel, Chicago, March 25. 

Newman, Associate Professor Horatio H. : 
"Heredity and Environment in Eu- 
genics," Child Welfare study class, 
Woman's City Club, Chicago, Ken- 
wood Institute, March 31. 

Salisbury, Professor Rollin D.: "Travels 
and Recent Experiences in Argentine," 
University of Wisconsin Club, Chicago, 
March 28. 

Slaught, Associate Professor Herbert E.: 
"The Final Report of the National 
Committee of Fifteen on a Geometry 
Syllabus," Association of Ohio Teach- 
ers of Mathematics and Science, 
Ohio State University, Columbus, 
Ohio, March 29. 

Smith, Associate Professor Gerald B.: 
"The Moral Challenge of the Modern 
World," Ninth Annual Institute of 
Religious Education, Lawrence, Kan., 
March 19; "Answer of Christianity 
to the Modern Challenge," ibid., 
March 20. 

Starr, Professor Frederick: "Liberia the 
Hope of the Dark Continent," Abra- 
ham Lincoln Center, Chicago, March 9. 



FROM THE LETTER-BOX 



To the Editor: 

Bureaucracy gone mad! On Sunday 
the Harper Memorial Library has a 
Keeper-of-the-Door. No one is admitted 
save bearers of Special Permits. Pro- 
fessors having offices in the building are 
not admitted — as individuals — only as 
bearers of Letters of Marque from the 
Second Deputy Satrap to the Keeper- 
of-the-Door commanding him to admit — 
not a mere Professor — but the Bearer 
of Documents of State. 

Heads of Departments, well-known 
to all on the campus, may not enter on 
mere reputation. For want of the 
Document of State they shall be turned 
from the door. Such is the law; and 
the law is enforced! 

No favored Licensee can bring with 
him a mere student or other guest. 
Only his Card is admitted. The Card 
does not guarantee the bearer's character. 
Such is the law. 

Recently a mere Professor who brought 
in a student was severely reprimanded 
and the Keeper-of-the-Door threatened 
with discharge. 



Recently the undersigned (admittedly 
a person of no official standing on the 
campus save as a alumnus and a member 
of an administrative board) applied to 
the Keeper-of-the-Door for the privilege 
of accompanying not simply a Professor 
but a genuine Licensee to his office in 
the Library. The Keeper was courteous 
but the great Edict of the Second Deputy 
Satrap is graven on tablets of Brass. 
No admission! 

What is the Library for ? Did friends 
of the University and alumni contribute 
to its erection as a Mosque for the 
Favored of Earth or as a House of The 
Word to be open to all? What are the 
offices of the faculty for? If the build- 
ing must be closed to the public on 
Sunday (for which economy seems the 
only justification), are not at least 
members of the faculty and those for 
whom they vouch entitled to entrance? 

Children "play house" in a corner 
of the room and bar out their elders with 
amusing little regulations. The Uni- 
versity really should not "play house" 
with the Harper Library, but speedily 



FROM THE LETTER-BOX 



211 



and apologetically should "have done 
with childish ways." 

Nineteen-One 

[Note. — As a result of the incident 
herein mentioned, instructors are now 
permitted to take friends into the library 
on Sunday. — Ed.] 

To the Editor: 

I read with very great interest, in the 
University of Chicago Magazine, the study 
of scholarship standing among the several 
fraternities at the University. Of course 
I was particularly gratified with the 
showing made by Beta Theta Pi and with 
your comment thereon. The raising of 
rank from a relatively low position to 
the first place was not a matter of chance, 
but was the result of earnest and delib- 
erate effort on the part of the members 
of the chapter, encouraged by their 
alumni and faculty counselor and the 
general officers of the fraternity. 

Beta Theta Pi has been trying for 
several years, by continued stimulus, to 
arouse its individual members to the need 
of improving scholarship rank. The 
Chicago chapter has done what many 
others have been doing. Whenever the 
faculty adviser has made a rejjort of 
standing the list has been read in chapter 
meetings. Each member, therefore, has 
known exactly how every other member 
was standing in his classroom work. 
Each one knew whether he was helping 
or hindering the plan for improvement. 
The effect of this publicity was good, as 
the results show, each of those with 
good marks being encouraged to continue 
hard work and those with the poorer 
ratings being stimulated to increased 
endeavor lest they be responsible for the 
failure of the chapter to attain its 
desired general average. 

You may be interested to know also 
that the same plan for stimulating 
scholarship is being favored by the 
Inter-Fraternity Conference, which is 
made up of some twenty-eight frater- 
nities. It goes without saying that 
there is not a group of men in the Uni- 
versity who may not accomplish what 
the Chicago chapter of Beta Theta Pi 
has done if it will make this as much a 
matter of united effort as has been done 
in the case calling forth your favorable 
editorial comment. 

Yours very truly, 
Francis W. Shepardson 
General Secretary of Beta Theta Pi 



To the Editor: 

Is it true that on the occasion of alumni 
banquets the men and women dine in 
separate places? I feel quite sure that 
many women alumnae like myself, who 
belonged to the early days of the Uni- 
versity and who would not have attended 
any institution where there was segrega- 
tion, would not have any desire to attend 
a banquet if such is the case. 

Some of us are in the habit of attending 
with our husbands alumni affairs of the 
colleges to which our husbands belong, 
and we should enjoy having them join 
us in our college celebrations. Mr. 
Rummler, for instance, is an Ann Arbor 
man, and we enjoy together their annual 
outing for men and women. 

This letter may give a hint, if there is 
lack of interest in alumni affairs. 
Yours very truly, 
Susan Harding Rummler, '98 



Occidental College, 

Los Angeles, Cal. 

March 23, 19 13 
To the Editor: 

I am pleased to state that a Los 
Angeles chapter of the alumni of the 
University of Chicago is being organized. 
The movement was started last night at 
a banquet given by half a hundred of us 
in honor of Dr. Shailer Mathews, who 
is now on the coast for the purpose of 
delivering a series of lectures at the 
University of California, and who has 
been favoring the colleges of Southern 
California with a touch of the spirit of 
our Alma Mater. 

Our students have tended to go to 
either Berkeley or Stanford or have 
jumped from the Pacific to the Atlantic 
and overlooked the university on the 
shores of Lake Michigan. This, however, 
will not always be, for the increasing 
number of teachers in the high schools 
and colleges hailing from Chicago will 
some time divert the stream that way. 
By such an offering of students well 
equipped for the serious work of the 
University we yet hope to pay our own 
debt. For this purpose the local chapter 
has been organized and to this end we 
will work under the spell of the Chicago 
spirit. 

Yours truly, 

E. E. Chandler 
Secretary of Chapter 



ALUMNI AFFAIRS 



Chicago Alumnae Club. — On Saturday, 
April 12, the club gave a dramatic 
and musical program called "Spring 
Revels" at the Whitney Opera House. 
"L'AUegro," the dance which was the 
chief feature of the Florentine Carnival 
on February ii, was reproduced. There 
were various other musical and dramatic 
numbers, including Shaw's How She 
Lied to Her Husband; J. V. Hickey, 
Alice Lee Herrick, Frank Parker, and 
others took part. The performance 
was for the benefit jointly of the Uni- 
versity Settlement and the Chicago 
Collegiate Bureau of Occupations, con- 
cerning which a statement was published 
in the December Magazine. The Settle- 
ment will help maintain the work of 
Miss Louise Montgomery in giving 
vocational guidance to the children of 
the stockyards neighborhood and in 
finding suitable work for those who must 
leave school. The Revels were in 
charge of Alice Greenacre, general chair- 
man, and Marie Ortmayer, president 
of the Alumnae Club. 

Minnesota Alumni Club. — The com- 
mittee appointed by President George E. 
Vincent at the Chicago dinner in Minne- 
apolis, January i8, met at Mr. Vincent's 
home on March fourteenth. In accord- 
ance with the authority with which it 
was vested, this committee adopted a 
constitution and elected officers for a 
permanent organization to be known as 
the Minnesota Alumni Club of the Uni- 
versity of Chicago. All alumni, former 
students, postgraduate students, and 
one-time instructors residing in Minne- 
sota are eligible to membership. 

The following officers were elected: 
President, Anthony Lispenard Underhill, 
Ph.D. '06; Vice-President, Roy W. 
Merrifield, '03; Secretary, Harvey B. 
Fuller, Jr., '08; Treasurer, Renslow P. 
Sherer, '09. These officers together with 
the following members comprise the 
Executive Committee: J. Anna Norris, 
ex-'o9; Agnes Doherty, ex-'oy; Chauncy 
J. V. Pettibone, '07. 

The action taken in adopting a con- 
stitution and electing officers is subject 
to ratification at the next general meeting, 



which will be held in May. Tentative 
plans were proposed to have this meeting 
in the nature of an outing excursion. 
Harvey B. Fuller, Jr., Secretary 

News from the Classes. — 



James J. Burtch is agent for the Aetna 
Insurance Company. 

1884 
By a typographical error in the March 
Magazine, in the account of the reunion 
of alumni of the old Chicago University 
the name of Miss Lydia A. Dexter was 
made to read Dexter-Doud. 

1893 
Hermann von Hoist has just published, 
through the American School of Corre- 
spondence, Modern Homes, a practical 
book on architecture. 



Miss Mary L. Marot will in October 
of this year open as joint principal a 
boarding-school for girls, in Thompson, 
Conn., the institution to be called 
Miss Howe and Miss Marot's School. 
Miss Marot has been a teacher at Miss 
Porter's School at Farmington, Conn., 
and at Elmira College. 

189s 

Bell Eugene Looney is superintendent 
of the Polytechnic High School at Fort 
Worth, Tex. He was a guard on the 
1894 eleven. 

Cornelius J. Hoebeke is now with 
Atkinson, Mentzer & Co., publishers, 
in Chicago. 

1896 

Cyrus F. Tolman is territorial geologist 
of Arizona, and associate professor of 
economic geology in Leland Stanford 
Junior University. 

James Primrose White is manager for 
Swift & Co., at Wilmington, N.C. 

1897 
Scott Brown is now general counsel 
and secretary of the Studebaker Corpora- 
tion at South Bend, Ind. 



ALUMNI AFFAIRS 



213 



1898 

Former students of the University who 
are now living in Southern California 
gave an informal dinner on March 22 at 
the Federation Club in Los Angeles, 
with Professor Shailer Mathews as guest 
of honor. Arrangements were in charge 
of F. G. Cressey, B.D. '98, Ph.D. '04, 
who is principal of the Los Angeles 
Academy. 

Angeline Loesch (Mrs. R. E. Graves) 
is associate editor of The Public. Her 
home address is 4249 Hazel Ave., 
Chicago. 

George S. White is superintendent of 
the American Baptist Publishing Society 
in Portland, Ore., with offices in the 
Y.M.C.A. building. 

1899 

W. P. Lovett, once editor of the Uni- 
versity of Chicago Weekly, is now in 
charge of the religious and philanthropic 
news and editorial departments of the 
Grattd Rapids (Mich.) Press. 

M. B. Wells is vice-president and 
cashier of the Home Savings Bank, 
Milwaukee, Wis. 

Josephine T. AUin has been made 
dean of girls in Englewood High School. 
The position has just been created by 
Superintendent Young. As implied, 
Miss Allin will have general charge of 
the welfare of the girls in the high school. 

1900 

Albert A. Russell is vice-president and 
general manager of the Alabama Central 
Railroad, with headquarters at Jasper, 
Ala. 

Howard Woodhead, of the University 
of Chicago, has become director of the 
department of municipal administration 
in the Chicago School of Civics and 
Philanthropy. 

Miss Annie Marion MacLean has been 
ill at the Presbyterian Hospital, but is 
now recovering. 

1 901 

Amelia E. Lacey is an assistant in the 
department of English in the High School 
of Oklahoma City, Okla. 

Virgil M. Gantz is a sales-agent for 
Ginn & Co. 

Clara Walker is teaching in the Chicago 
Normal College. 

Perry J. Payne is practicing medicine 
in Portland, Ore., his address being 1629 
Sandy Boulevard. 

Paul MacQuiston has left New Orleans 



and is in Dallas, Tex., where he is depart- 
ment manager for Sears, Roebuck & Co. 

1902 

Alexander P. Thoms is general foreman 
of the cable division of the Common- 
wealth Edison Co. in Chicago. . 

Ernest E. ("Whoa-back") Perkins is 
vice-principal of the Tacoma High School, 
Tacoma, Wash. 

Zellmer R. Pettet is fruit-farming 
near Albany, Ga. 

Jesse Harper has recently been made 
managing director and coach of athletics 
at Notre Dame. He had phenomenal 
success as coach at Wabash College for 
some years, Wabash in football, baseball, 
and basket-ball always being in the run- 
ning for the state championship. At 
Notre Dame, Harper will have sole 
charge, even to making out the schedules, 
etc. 

Miss Mattie Duncan is dean of the 
Negro department of the American 
Technical College, of Nashville, Tenn. 

1903 

Thomas J. Hair is assistant treasurer 
of the Acme Steel Goods Co. of Chicago. 

H. C. Cobb (ex) is salesman for the 
Meilicke Calculator Co., with offices in 
the People's Gas Building. He is married 
and has two sons. 

1904 

Ovid R. Sellers is studying theology 
in McCormick Seminary in Chicago. 

Charles M. Barber is now district 
manager for the Marion Motor Car Co. 
of Indianapolis. His home address is 
411 Michigan Ave. West, Lansing, Mich. 

1905 

George Schobinger is living in Yuma, 
Ariz., where he is assistant engineer in 
the U.S. Reclamation Service. 

James S. Riley is secretary and 
treasurer of Perrin, Drake & Riley, Inc., 
dealers in investment securities, their 
office being at 210 W. 7th St., Los 
Angeles, Cal. 

William A. McKeever, author of books 
on various aspects of pedagogy, has just 
published through the Macmillan Co. 
Training the Boy. Dr. McKeever is pro- 
fessor of philosophy in Kansas State 
Agricultural College. 

1906 
Sherman N. Kilgore is farming near 
Springwater, Ore., on the Hood View 
Ranch. 



214 



THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE 



O. O. White is principal of schools in 
Aurora, 111. 

Herman A. Spoehr is working at 
Tucson, Ariz., in the Desert Laboratory 
of the Carnegie Institute. 

Arnold Dresden is assistant professor 
of mathematics in the University of 
Wisconsin. 

Albert W. Sherer is with the advertising 
department of the Associated Sunday 
Magazines, 309 Record-Herald Building, 
Chicago. 

1908 

William E. Wrather is a mining geolo- 
gist with the Gulf Pipe Line Co. of 
Beaumont, Tex. 

T. S. Miller has formed a company 
for the purpose of doing business in 
farm mortgages, under the name of 
T. S. Miller & Co., at 750 First National 
Bank Building, Chicago. 

Clarence G. Pool is practicing medicine, 
and is athletic director of the high school 
at Natchitoches, La. 

Arthur Church (ex), formerly of 
Denver, is now treasurer of the Onion 
Salt Company, with offices in the Otis 
building, Chicago. 

Arthur G. Bovee has resigned his 
instructorship in the University to take 
the position of head of the Department 
of French in the University High School. 
He will spend the next six months in 
Paris, and take up his work at the High 
School in October. 

1909 

Irene Kawin is a probation officer on 
the staff of the Juvenile Court in Chicago, 
and Ethel Kawin (191 1) is with the 
Chicago School of Civics and Philan- 
thropy. 

Dean M. Kennedy is in Los Angeles, 
where he is connected with the traffic 
department of the Pacific Telephone 
and Telegraph Co. 

1910 

Cole Y. Rowe is secretary of the Clover 
Leaf Casualty Co., 407 Otis Building, 
Chicago. 

Harry O. Latham is manager of the 
New York branch of the Latham Ma- 
chinery Co., with offices at 124 White 
St. He writes: "It is surprising the 
number of university people one finds 
in and around New York. Joe Sunder- 
land, who has been for a year with the 
Acme Steel Goods Co., is now traveling 
out of their New York office. Barrett 
Andrews, ex-'o6, and Arthur Johnson, 



ex-'o6, have been living for some years 
in Bronxville, where Lee Maxwell has 
just moved. Andrews is advertising 
manager of Vogue, and he and Mrs. 
Andrews are going abroad this summer to 
study the fashions. Sunday, March 16, 
Edith Wiles, '04 (Mrs. Bird), Wayland 
Magee, '05, Mr. and Mrs. Andrews, 
and I all foregathered at Johnson's — a 
regular reunion, not on such a small scale 
either. Winston Henry, '10, of Tulsa, 
Okla., has been here for a week, and it 
was a pleasure to show him to the great 
city. H. H. Chandler, Jr., '08, is with 
the Munsey publications." 

Helen Sard Hughes, who is teaching 
English in Wellesley College, has an 
article in the April North American 
Review on "The Privilege of Realists." 

1911 

L. G. Schussmann since last fall has 
been principal of the Outagamie County 
(Wis.) Training School for Teachers, 
with headquarters at South Kaukauna, 
Wis. 

Laura Hatch is a Fellow in geology, 
at Bryn Mawr. Next year she expects 
to return to the University of Chicago 
for further graduate study. 

Myra K. Perry is head of the depart- 
ment of English of the Columbia (S.C.) 
College for Women. 

Marie G. Rogers, now teaching in the 
Academy of Our Lady of Lourdes, 
Rochester, Minn., expects to study voice 
culture next year in Europe. 

1912 
Late in March was published the first 
edition of the Midnight Special, of the 
class of 191 2 (Midnight — twelve — catch 
it ?), with R. J. Daly, Isabel Jarvis, Ruth 
Reticker, Alice Lee Herrick, Margaret 
Sullivan, Hazel Hoff, and WiUiam 
Thomas in general charge. It is a pub- 
lication of eight long if narrow columns, 
in fine type, which gives the campus 
news, and recent information of all but 
thirty-three men and four women who 
are members of the class. The informa- 
tion is written up in a vivid and friendly 
fashion, and (incidentally) the proof- 
reading is extraordinarily good. It is 
hard to imagine a member or ex-member 
of the class reading the special without 
delight; nothing has done the editor 
of the Magazine so much good since he 
perused The Eleven last fall. If this 
sort of news collection and distribution 
continues, as there is every reason to 



ALUMNI AFFAIRS 



215 



suppose it will, the "solidarity of the 
classes" concerning which the Magazine 
has wasted so much ink will accomplish 
itself automatically. The items that 
follow concern members of the class not 
mentioned in the Midnight Special. 

Rebekah Lesem is teaching English 
in the Milwaukee State Normal School. 
Her address is 900 Downer Ave., Mil- 
waukee, Wis. 

Clifton M. Keeler has taken the 
examination for assistant geologist with 
the U.S. Geological Survey, and expects 
to go to work in Washington shortly. 
His present address is P.O. Box 546, 
San Antonio, Texas. 

Henry Burke Robins, Ph.D. '12, who 
has been professor in the Pacific Coast 
Baptist Theological Seminary, at Berke- 
ley, Cal., has accepted a similar position 
in the Rochester Theological Seminary, 
Rochester, N.Y. Mr. Robins will take 
up the active studies of his new position 
September next. 

H. Glenn Kinsley is practicing law in 
Sheridan, Wyo. 



Engagements. — 

1898 

Mary Reddy to Paul Doty, general 
manager of the Gas Light Co., of St. 
Paul, Minn. The marriage is set for this 
month. 

1908 

Agnes Janet Kendrick to William R. 
Brough. The marriage will take place 
on June 14. 

Marriages. — 

(The announcements of marriages and 
deaths in this issue include many which 
took place some time since, but of which 
news has only of late been furnished the 
Secretary.) 

1895 

Anna Sophia Packer, '95, to Albert E. 
Fish. Address: Wakeman, Ohio. 

1899 
Fanny Crawford Burling to Stephen 
Davies. Address: 135 North 3d Ave., 
Omaha, Neb. 

1900 

John Walter Beardslee, Jr., to Frances 
Eunice Davis, '09. Mr. Beardslee is 
Professor of Latin at Hope College, 
Holland, Mich. 



Mabel Avery Kells to Horace Franklin 
Alden. Address: Cottage Grove, Ore. 

1 901 
Henrietta Helen Chase to Edgar Neels 
Carter. Address: Bullochville, Ga. 

1902 

Helen Augusta Dow to W. K. Whitaker. 
Address: Tracyton, Wash. 

Eva Twombly to Clyde W. Jeflfries. 
Address: 2635 2d Ave., S., Minneapolis, 
Minn. 

1904 

Clara Ann Leslie to Kilner Fox 
Thomas. Address: 555 Barry Ave., 
Chicago. 

Mary Evelyn Thompson to Matson 
Bradley Hill. Address: 4923 Sheridan 
Road, Chicago. 

1 90s 

Harriet Louise Hughes to Charles 
Donald Dallas. Address: 5126 Lexing- 
ton Ave., Chicago. 

Theodora Leigh Richards, '05, to 
Dr. Clyde Leroy Ellsworth. Mr. and 
Mrs. Ellsworth's address is 1492 Locust 
St., Dubuque, la. 

Cora Leadbetter, '05, to Alfred Howe 
Davis. They are living at Tere Chabom, 
Bakersfield, Cal. 

Mary Ellen Wilcoxson to Frank S. 
Baker. .\ddress: 6049 Ellis Ave., 
Chicago. 

1906 

James Madison Hill to Margret Persis 
Brown, '07. Mr. Hill is with the United 
States Geological Survey and their 
address is 2518 17th St., N.W., Washing- 
ton. D.C. 

Grace .\nna Radzinski to Isadore M. 
Portis. Address: 621 1 Drexel .\ve., 
Chicago. 

Ruth Marie Reddy, to William 
Jennings O'Neill. Address: 3913 Grand 
Blvd., Chicago. 

James H. Gagnier, '08, to Cleora 
Emery Davis, '06. Mr. and Mrs. Davis' 
address is 201 N. Division St., Beaver 
Dam, Wis. 

Mary Elizabeth Bradley, '06, to 
Charles R. Keyes. Mr. and Mrs. 
Keyes are living at Wagon Mound, 
N.M. 

Ruth Wheaton, '07, to Bernard Lyman 
Johnson, '06. Address: 5422 Ridge- 
wood Court, Chicago. 

Zella Isabel Perkins to Anfin Egdahl. 
Address : Menominee, Wis. 



2l6 



THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE 



1907 

Jessie Brown Hayne, '07, to Dr. R. B. 
Howard. Their address is Box 67, 
Three Oaks, Mich. 

Edna C. Yondorf, '08, to Simon 
Lazarus. Their address is 49 N. Cham- 
pion Ave., Columbus, Ohio. 

Mildred Hatton to Earle Corliss Bryan. 
Address: 185 Mt. Vernon St., Oshkosh, 
Wis. Mr. Bryan is special agent of the 
Northwestern Mutual Life Insurance Co. 

Arlisle Esther Mather to Bruce Brown. 
Address: 910 Laurel Ave., Austin, 
Chicago. 

1908 

Eleanor Chapman Day to John David 
Jones, Jr. Address: Racine, Wis. 

Elizabeth Rey Durley to Walter A. 
Boyle. Address: McNabb, 111. 

Wellington Downing Jones to Harriet 
Agnes Harding, '09, on March 8, 191 3, 
in Chicago. 

Mabel Emma Lee to Oliver L. Messer. 
Address: 1130 Ringwood Place, Clinton, 
Iowa. 

1909 

Ethel May Girdwood to Frank B. 
Bachelor. Address: 321 E. Ann St., 
Ann Arbor, Mich. 

Margarete Lonie Stein to A. Went- 
worth Conway. Address: Salem, Vir- 
ginia. 

1910 

Clara Louise Pinske to Charles B. 
John. Address: 1627 State St., Mil- 
waukee, Wis. 

Grace Elvina Hadley to Thomas Henry 
Billings. Address: Wesley College, Win- 
nipeg, Manitoba. 

Margaret Alice King to P. Roy Lam- 
mert, ex-. Address: 123 ist St., New 
Brighton, L.I., New York. 



Deaths. 



1878 



John Barr, A.B. '76, D.B. '78, retired 
Baptist minister, died at his home 1609 
Josephine St., Berkeley, Cal., on Feb- 
ruary 10, 1913. 

1896 

George Pierce Garrison, Ph.D. '96, 
professor of history. University of Texas, 
died in Austin, Tex., July 3, 1910. 

1900 

Alice Duval Robertson, Ph.B. '00 
(Mrs. Frank W. Griffith), died April 6, 
191 2, at Fort Dodge, Iowa. 

H. M. Burchard, Ph.D., '00, died in 
August, 1911. He had been for twelve 
years at Syracuse University, N.Y. 

1902 
Edith Huguenin, Ph.B. 1902, died 
April 30, 191 2. 

1903 
Joseph Edward Hora, S.B. '04. Mr. 
Hora was instructor in chemistry at 
Lewis Institute, Chicago. 

1904- 
Caroline E. Blanchard, '04 (Mrs. 
Lewis Fuldner). 

1905 
Wade Hampton Powell, S.B. '05, at 
Cuero, Texas. 

1907 
Warren John Smith, A.B. '05, D.B. '07. 
Mr. Smith was pastor at large of Baptists 
in Iowa. 

1908 
Eloise Lockhart, S.B. '08, died January 
19, 191 2. Miss Lockhart was a teacher 
of physics and mathematics in the Ken- 
wood High School, Chicago. 



THE DIVINITY ALUMNI ASSOCIATION 



W. J. Watson, D.B. '82, died at Villisca 
Iowa, December 10, 191 2, at the age of 
sixty-eight. He attended the Morgan 
Park Theological Seminary from 1879 
to 1882, and later held pastorates at 
Kenosha, Wis., Monmouth, 111., and 
Malvern and Villisca, Iowa. 

E. L. Killam, ex-'o8, of Grand Rapids, 
Mich., is considering a call from a church 
in California. His work among boys 
has been of a very high order. 

J. T. Proctor, D.B. '97, of Shanghai, 
China, is heading an interdenominational 
movement to effect a union of the Chris- 
tian schools in East China and to create. 



ultimately, a strong union Christian 
university. 

Franklin D. Elme, '98, is in charge of 
the First Baptist Church of Pough- 
kccDsic N'.Y, 

A. e! Patch, D.B., '03, has left Port- 
land, Ore., for his new pastorate at 
Salinas, Cal. 

P. C. Wright, '02, after eleven years' 
service at Norwich, Conn., is moving to a 
new field at Philadelphia. 

Charles W. Fletcher, '13, is pastor of 
the First Baptist Church of Watertown, 
N.Y. 

Fred Merrifield, '01, Secretary 



UNDERGRADUATE AFFAIRS 



ATHLETICS 



Baskel-ball. — The 1913 season ended 
with Wisconsin champion for the third 
time; but Chicago's showing was at 
least not unsuccessful. Two games were 
lost to Ohio State, one to Purdue, and 
one to Wisconsin; Purdue, Wisconsin, 
Northwestern, Iowa, Minnesota (twice), 
and Illinois (twice) were defeated. 
Technically, Northwestern takes second 
place, on percentages; but as Chicago 
beat Northwestern in the only game the 
two played, it is fair to question whether 
Northwestern was the better team. As 
is so often the case, Chicago finished very 
strong. Why our teams should begin 
so slowly is hard to say. In football, 
both in 191 1 and in X912, the reason for 
this slow development and triumphant 
conclusion was plain — a lack of material 
which made slow development inevitable. 
But why should the basket-ball five take 
months to find its capabilities? The 
coach had the fire, but there was no real 
union in the team until late in February. 
John Vruwink, '14, has been elected 
captain for next year. He prepared at 
Hope College, Holland, Mich., and is a 
pre-medical student. He was end on 
the football team last fall, and forward 
on the basket-ball team. There is some 
doubt of his eligibility for another year 
of competition — not because of his 
participation in athletics at Hope 
College, but because he will have by 
January, 1914, majors enough to graduate 
him from the University. 

Baseball. — The baseball team has 
played one or two of its early games, and 
some judgment of its capabilities may 
be formed. 

Mann, who caught most of the games 
last year, will again be the only catcher 
of class. Mann is steady, and a fair 
hitter, but not brilliant. The pitchers 
will be Carpenter and Baumgardner, 
and whomever else Page can find for 
occasional use — probably Des Jardiens. 
Carpenter is strong, but very slow for a 
baseball man. He pitched much better 
last year than ever before, and is likely 
to do well again. Baumgardner is a 



Sophomore, and on his ability to fulfil 
his promise much of the success of the 
season may depend. In form, Baum- 
gardner is, in the writer's opinion, the 
best pitcher in the Conference. He is 
big and powerful, has splendid speed, 
and according to Archer, the Cub catcher 
who worked out with the men in late 
March, could find a place today in the 
big leagues. Block, the other Sophomore 
pitcher of whom much was expected, 
has left college. Baumgardner is for- 
tunately a high-stand student, so that 
no worry will be necessary over his 
eligibility. 

At first-base are Norgren, Captain 
Freeman, and Des Jardiens. No one 
need be surprised if Des Jardiens is 
given the position, and Norgren, who 
played it last year, is used in the out- 
field. Des Jardiens is the better fielder, 
and with his tremendous reach should 
be particularly valuable at first. Free- 
man is too slow for the place. Second- 
base lies between Volini, a Sophomore, 
and Kearney, a Junior, with V'olini 
having the call. He is a first-rate fielder 
and a fair hitter, but slow on the bases. 
Shortstop will probably fall to either 
Scofield, who substituted last year, or 
Leonard, a Junior. Scofield is occasionally 
brilliant and is very fast, but is erratic 
and does not hit. Leonard is almost 
untried; he was out last year, but had 
no chance. Third-base will be taken 
care of by either Cummins, a Sophomore, 
or Harger, a Junior. Harger promised 
well as a Freshman, but showed little 
last season. Cummins is light for college 
baseball, but hit well as a Freshman. 
Neither is better than a fair fielder. 

For the outfield are Catron, Norgren, 
Captain Freeman, Libonati, and Kul- 
vinsky. Catron is good, in fact he would 
be quite first rate if he could overcome 
a tendency to lose his head in a crisis, 
but he shows no signs of improvement in 
that respect, and is moreover a bit 
careless in training. Freeman is a heavy 
hitter of the "fence-busting" variety; 
as was said of him last year, he swings 
and runs like a drawbridge. Norgren 



217 



2l8 



THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE 



is good anywhere. Libonati is eager, 
but light and unsteady. Kulvinsky as a 
ball-player is second rate. On the whole, 
the best plan for the outfield seems to be, 
when Carpenter is pitching, to put 
Baumgardner in right field. The team 
is not, man by man, a good one; compare 
the infield with that seasoned group of 
last year, and the drop is visible enough. 
But the battery looks better than fair, 
and if Coach Page will hire good pitchers 
and let the men practice day after day 
against all varieties of delivery, the nine 
may have a successful season. 

Track. — The Conference indoor track 
championships, held at Northwestern on 
March 29, showed just about what 
Chicago may expect in the way of track 
and field accomplishment this year. 
Wisconsin won with 335 points (her 
third championship this season) ; Illinois 
was second with 33, Chicago third with 
i8f. Northwestern fourth with i6f, 
Iowa fifth with 6, and Purdue last with 
I J. Minnesota, Indiana, and Ohio 
State failed to send representatives. 
Five Conference indoor records were 
broken, the hurdles, half-mile, pole 
vault, high jump, and relay. For 
Chicago, Knight was third in the dash, 
Ward and Kuh second and third in the 
hurdles, Stains fourth in the quarter, 
Campbell second in the half, Thomas 
third in the vault, Norgren third in the 
shot, Gorgas in a quadruple tie for third 
in the high-jump. Chicago also took 



second in the relay, Parker, Breathed, 
Kuh, and Matthews running. Matthews 
and Parker, Chicago, also showed in the 
preliminaries. In the mile and two mile 
Chicago was not visible to the naked 
eye. On the whole, Chicago's showing 
was distinctly better than had been 
expected. Outdoors Captain Kuh and 
Ward will do about 16 seconds apiece 
in the high hurdles, and Ward 25 seconds 
in the low. Stains, Matthews, and Paine 
(who will try for the relay team) will run 
the quarter in from 51 to 53 seconds; 
Ward could do as well if he wished to 
spoil himself for the hurdles. Campbell 
can run the half in two minutes or the 
mile in 4:30, whichever he is used for. 
Norgren can put the shot forty to forty- 
one feet. Thomas can vault 11 feet 
six inches. Canning will throw the 
hammer 130 feet, and one of our various 
high jumpers will usually clear 5 feet 
9 inches. In the broad jump Ward 
again may do 22 feet, possibly more. 
It is a better team than anyone expected, 
and does credit both to the men, who have 
worked so hard and intelligently, and to 
the coaches. 

At this writing the various schedules 
have not yet been approved by the Board 
of Physical Culture and Athletics. The 
football schedule, with a slight change 
of dates, is exactly the same as last year. 
The baseball schedule and track schedules 
involve no novelties, but are slightly 
heavier than last year. 



UNDERGRADUATE AFFAIRS 



219 




ADDRESSES WANTED 

Information should be sent to Frank W. Dignan, Secretary 



ALUMNI 

1907 
Guy Roger Clements 
Ivan Doseff 

Augustus William Gidart 
Paul Rowley Gray 
Robert Houston Hamilton 
Johnson Francis Hammond 
Michael A. Lane 
William Vernon Lovitt 
Henry Mendelsohn 
Richard Clyde McCloskey 
Vincent Collins Poor 
William James Puffer 
Edmund Daugherty Watkins 
Thurston William Weum 
F>vin Paul Zeisler 

1908 
Charles Laurence Baker 
Albert Francis Bassford 
Judson Gerald Bennett 
Floyd Erwin Bernard 
August Bogard 
Irwin Wright Cotton 
Charles Elijah Decker 
Frederick Howard Falls • 
Homer L. Cleckler 
Bruno Abraham Goldberger 
Henry Rowland Halsey 
Harry Richard Hoffman 
Jacob Martin Johlin 
Michael Israel Meyer 
Walter Thomas McAvoy 
Elton James Moulton 
Elmore Waite Phelps 
Earl Chester Steffa 
John Elbert Stout 
William Riggs Trowbridge 
Davis Duke Todd 
Francis Enos Tinker 
Eugene Van Cleef 
Charles Frances Watson 
Walter Leonard Wentzel 
James Walter Wheeler 
Paul Spencer Wood 
Carter Godwin Woodson 

1909 
John Vincent Barrow 
Lawrence Palmer B riggs 






Esther D. Hunt 



Kate Waters 



ALUMNAE 

1895 



1897 



1899 
Helen Whitney Backus 
Lola Marie Harmon 
Bertha Vernon Stiles 



1900 



1901 



Helen Grant 

Sarah J. Harper 
Emily Miladofsky 
Marietta Norton 
Althea Somerville 
Ruth Vail 



1902 
Mrs. Antonie Krejsa Kendrick 
Louise Lydia Scrimger 
Nellie Lillis Smith 
Ana Louise Thomas 
Ruth Terry (Mrs. Virgil (Mdberg) 
Deo Elisabeth Whittlesey 

1903 
Mary Meroe Conlan 
Margaret Cameron Davis 
Julia Coburn Hobbs 
Lilian Anna Maria Elizabeth Steichen 



1904 
Edna T. Cook 
Elizabeth Walker Branberry 
Eva Rebecca Price 
Katherine Julia Elizabeth Vaughan 

1905 
Lottie Agnes Graber 
Loretta Toner (Mrs. Bradshawe Hutchin- 
son) 
Helen May Weldon 

1906 
Blanche Rose Cox Hogan 
Edith Charlotte Lawton 
Lucille Rochlitz 



ADDRESSES WANTED 



221 



ALVMNl— Continued 

Festus Newell Cofiell 
Herman Max Cohen 
Charles Clarence Danforth 
John Dayhuff Ellis 
Allen Wescott Field, Jr. 
Harry Burton Fuller 
Samuel M. Hartzman 
Martin Emil Henriksen 
Philip Hofmann 
Raymond Francis Holden 
Warren Ingold 
Joseph Oliver Johnson 
Don Clyde Kite 
Delbert Harrison Laird 
Herbert Otto Lussky 
Philip Lewinsky 
Fountain Pierce Leigh 
Murrey Kerr Martin 
Curtis Eugene Mason 
Ira Benton Meyer 
Samuel Mordecai Morwitz 
Beveridge Harshaw Moore 
Archibald Dean Polley 
Roswell Talmadge Pettit 
Fleming Allen Clay Perrin 
Frederick Emmanuel Roberg 
Walter Frederick Sanders 
Randolph Eugene Scott 
Fred Smith 
John Joseph Sprafka 
Everett Beech Spraker 
George Frederick Tanner 
William Claude Vogt 
Frank Slusser Wetzel 
Paul Williams 



1910 

Henry Foster Adams 

John Solon Bridges 

Mat Bloomfield 

Walter Clemens Campbell 

Pekao Tientou Cheng (Tow Ching) 

John Samuel Collier 

Thomas Henry Cornish 

Charles William Finley 

Mortimer Stanfield Gardner 

Floyd Smith Hayden 

Nils Hansen Heiberg 

James Arthur Miller 

Edison Ellsworth Oberholtzer 

Otto Edward Peterson 

James Thomas Rooks 

Charles Albert Rouse 

James Blaine Shouse 

Chester Ray Swackhamer 

Leland Rutherford Thompson 

Karl William Wahlberg 

Yiuchang Tsenshan Wang 



ALUWbiAE—Contimted 

Beatrice Chandler Patton (Mrs. Arnold 

L. Gesell) 
Susan Ella Smith 
Louise Stanley 

1907 

Frances Chandler (Mrs. Louis Win 

Rapeer) 
Evalyn Sarah Cornelius *(Mrs. Ozro C. 

Gould) 

Mae Ethel Ingalls (Mrs. Gray) 

Marietta Wright Neff 
Maude Sparkman 
Eleanor Elizabeth Whipple 

1908 

Mildred Adelaide Coffman 

Anna Evelyn Culver 

Louise Henrietta Eismann 

Florence Cornelia Fox 

Alta Kathryn Green 

Gudrun Cornelia Gundersen 

Usta Caroline A. Hagen 

Esther Hampton 

Nellie lone Isbell 

Florence May Parker 

Juanita Carol Howard 

Adelaide Sypes Kibbey 

Lida Meredith Layton 

Josephine Lesem 

June McCarthy 

Florence Howland Mills 

Edith Moore 

Bessie .\nthony O'Connell 

Agnes Jane O'Grady 

Mary Frances O'Malley 

Viola Isabel Paradise 

Mabel Raichlen 

Georgia May Rose 

Theodore Jeannette Scherz 

Emma Schrader 

Many Zachary Shapiro 

Loretta Smith 

Julia Kate Sommer 

Nellie G. Spence (Mrs. Robert Hughes) 

Inca Lucile Stebbins 

Annie Katherine Stock 

Geneva Swinford (Mrs. W. L. English) 

Grace Trovinger 

Edith Luella Walworth 

1909 

Sarah Angela Smyth 

Blanche Morton Butler 

Jean Compton (Mrs. Jas. Chaffee) 

Minnie Anna Darst (Mrs. E. W. Darst) 

Helen Judson Dye 

Harriet Ferrill 

Edna Helen Gould 



222 



THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE 



ALUMNI — Conlinued 
1911 
Leonard Ward Coulson 
Thomas Byard Collins 
Paul Carl Haeseler 
Richard Fleetwood Herndon 
Herbert Groff Hopkins 
Isadore Isaacson 
Ira Elden Johnston 
William Heinen Krauser 
William George Kierstead 
William Miller Ruffcorn 
Merrill Isaac Schnebly 
Nicholas Alexander Sankowsky 
Yorke Breckenridge Sutch 

1912 
Glenn Vernon Burroughs 
Ludwig Augustus Emge 
Fred Leib Glascock 
Robert Raymond Glynn 
Solomon Alonzo Hayworth 
Thure Johannes Hedman 
Harry Kruskal Herintz 
David Levinson 
Wallace Carl Murphy 
Walter Marion Smith 
Jacob Frederick Zimmerman 

1869 
Frank J. Kline 

1872 
John Milton Daniel 



William Arthur Gardner 

1882 
John Milne Russell 

1895 
William Fletcher Harding 

1896 
William Clark Logan 

1897 
Maurice J. Rugh 

1898 
Swen Benjamin Anderson 
Frederick Wilson Eastman 



ALUMNA Y.— Continued 

Edna Clare Irvin 
Hallie Nathan Kinney 
Anna Pearl Kohler 
Mary Anna Nicholas 
Irene Frances C. O'Brien 
Mary Degnan Rogers 
Viola Alice Steele 
Mary Ella Todd 
Callie Amelia Weinberg 

1910 
Helen Lorene Barker 
Elizabeth Connor 

Stella Gardner Dodge (Mrs. Dodge) 

Flavia May Doty 
Mabel Eliz. Dryer 
Jeanette Eliz. Graham 
Lillian May Hawkins 
Laura Fowler Hayes 
Minnie Pearl Higley 
Nellie Eliza Mills 
Mary Lemmon Philips 
Emily Amanda Schmidt 
Mrs. Lena Beerman Shepherd 
Emma Harriet Sidenberg 
Elsie Frances Weil 
Ina Belle Wolcott. 

1911 
Bessie Leola Ashton 
Margaret Louise Campbell 
Margaret Jane Foglesong 
Eliz. Halsey 
Grace Ellerton Hannan 
Martha Frances Hargis 
Elsie Irene Henzel 
Erma Marguerite Kellogg 
Martha Fanny Laiblin 
Ethel May Maclear 
Hazel Louise Martin 

1912 
Mina Vera De Vries 
Ella Irene Lightfoot 
Christena Maclntyre 
Mary Martin 
Caroline Irene Townsend 
Jimmie Belle Vance 



Jerome Benjamin Harrington 
Johannes Benoni Eduard Jonas 
Henry Francis Perry 
Joseph Cecil Stone 

1900 
Frank Alexander La Motte 
Robert Morris Rabb 
Walter Joseph Schmahl 



ADDRESSES WANTED 



223 



ALUMNI— Continued 



1901 
Jesse Franklin Brumbaugh 
Elbridge Lyonal Heath 
Willis Henry Linsley 
John Cadd Paltridge 
Arthur Gaylord Slocum, Jr. 

1902 
George Senn 
Henry Ernest Smith 
Warren Brownell Smith 
Charles Allan Wright 

1903 
Walter England Galley 
Luther Lycurgus Kirtley 
John Allen Moore 
Percy Scott Rawls 



John Joseph VoUertsen 
Harry Jacob Wertman 

1904 
Frank G. Burrows 
Elbert Admirel Cummings 
Francis Squire Parks 
John Griffin Thompson 
Paul Leroy Vogt 
Thomas Matheson Wilson 

1905 
Alfred Jackson Bunts 
Guy Edward Killie 
Julius Wm. A. Kuhne 

1906 
James Reid Robertson 
Herbert Edward WTieeler 



ALUMNI OF DIVINITY SCHOOL 



1870 
John J. Howard 
Alfred Roberts 

1871 
Washington Chester 
Henry Bethel Davis 

1872 
Norman Fox Hoyt 
Andrew Lafayette Jordan 

1874 
Edward Armstrong Ince 

187s 
Malcom Wood 

1876 

Charles Harding DeWolf 
Benjamin Robert Womack 

1877 
Charles Henry Day Fisher 
Francis M. Williams 

1879 
George Berkeley Davis 
Jacob Schultz 
John Kitteridge Wheeler 

1880 
William Griffith Evans 
Joseph Alfred Fisher 
Rinaldo Lawson Olds 
William Leonard Wolfe 

1881 
Gulian Lansing Morrill 



Harvey Bartlett Foskett 
Oliver Brown Kinney 

1883 
Edward Hammond Brooks 
Richard Lenox Halsey 

1884 
Hugh David Morwood 
Aaron W. Snider 
Alfred Mundy Wilson 

1885 
Luther L. Cloyd 
Thomas Stephenson 

1886 
Carey Joseph Pope 

1887 
Charles Nelson Brodholm 



1888 



Eli Packer 
Thor Olsen Wold 



Horatio Seymour Cooper 
Simon Sylvester Hageman 
Theodore Hyatt 
William Arbuckle Nelson 
Rodie M. Roderick 
John Stafford 

1890 
Wilhelm August Peterson 
John George Schliemann 



224 



THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE 



ALUMNI OF DIVINITY SCKOOL— Continued 



John Conrad Hughes 
Stanislas John Shoomkoff 
Lee Rue Thomas 



Alfred Ernest Chandler 
Elmer Kendall Reynolds 
Sanford Romanzo Walker 

1893 
William Lewis Blanchard 
James Wallace Cabeen 
James Washington Falls 
Joseph Hadden Girdwood 
John Freeman Mills 

1894 
James William Ashly 



189s 



Henry Alfred Fisk 
John Elijah Ford 



Walter Gustavus Carlson 

1897 
Edmund Godwin 
Alfred Ebenezer Goodman 
Ralph Waller Hobbs 



Frederick William Bateson 

1899 
William Wallace Reed 
Henry Messick Shouse 

1900 
John Chandler 
Friend Taylor Dye 
Clarence Mason Gallup 
Theron Winifred Mortimer 

1901 
Frank Leonard Anderson 
Jacob Nelson Anderson 
Marcus Dods 
Howard Brown Woolston 



1902 
Irwin Hoch DeLong 
Austin Hunter 
John August Kjellin 
Frank Leonard Jewett 
Everett Joseph Parsons 

1903 
Andrew Freeman Anderson 
Walter Scott Hayden, Jr. 
Thomas Harvey Kuhn 
John Peter Myers 
Herbert Finley Rudd 
Richard Edward Sayles 

1904 
Julian Foster Blodgett » 
Eugene Forester Judson 
William Theodore Paullin, Jr. 
James Allan Price 
Amos Henry Schattuck 
Julius Christian Zeller 

1905 
John Edward Ayshe 
Harry Foster Burns 
Edwin William Gray 

1906 
James Pleasant McCabe, Jr. 
William Henry Beynon 
Joseph Franklin Findlay 

1907 
Arthur Henry Hirsch 
Walter Leroy Runyan 
William Edmund Ward Seller 

1908 
George Washington Cheesman 

1909 
Edwin Herbert Lyle 

1910 
Eli Jacob Arnot 
Clarence Elmer Campbell 
Norman Joseph Ware 

1911 
John Clifford 
Ernest Neville Armstrong 




ROBERT ANDREWS MILLIKAN 



The University of Chicago 
Magazine 



Volume V MAY I9I3 Number 7 



EVENTS ANfD DISCUSSION 

In recent meetings of the Alumni Council and of the College Alumni 
Association there has been much discussion of the proper date for Alumni 

Day. The difficulty has been that Convocation Week is 
Th' Y ^^ crowded with events that it has been found practically 

impossible to fix on a day in which the alumni exercises 
will not conflict with other things. It was announced some time ago that 
for this year the exercises would be held on the Saturday before Convoca- 
tion, that is on June 7. It is now found that this gives rise to several 
serious conflicts, particularly with the undergraduate festival and with 
the Interscholastic Day. At a meeting of the College Association held 
April 24, it was decided, in view of all the circumstances, to hold the 
alumni exercises this year on Convocation Day, June 10. This was 
found to work satisfactorily last year, and seems to be the best arrange- 
ment possible for the present year. How^ever, a committee of the 
College Association has the general question in hand, and it is hoped 
that before long a readjustment may be made which will give the alumni 
a day to themselves. 

The discussion of the proper day for the June meeting of the College 
Alumni Association has been more vigorous this spring than ever before. 
, There is a widespread belief that one day should be set 
the Future aside for the alumni only. The plan suggested by the 
Council was this: to put Convocation on Friday, the last 
day of examinations, instead of Tuesday; and to give the next day, 
Saturday, over to the alumni. The objections raised to this plan were 
first that it would compel those taking degrees to remain three days 
longer than had hitherto been required and second, that it would conflict 

227 



228 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE 

with the beginning of work in the Summer Quarter. It was then sug- 
gested that the alumni should meet on the Saturday before Convocation; 
but after a long correspondence this was found impracticable because 
it would interfere with the arrangements for the Interscholastic meet, 
Marshall Field and Mandel Hall both being in use for Interscholastic 
purposes. At present, unless the matter is pushed, the same situation 
seems likely to confront the Association next year. Mr. Stagg finds no 
date except the first Saturday in June available for the Interscholastic; 
the University finds no date except a Tuesday available for Convocation; 
and the alumni more or less drop between. 

A beginning has been made in what may ultimately prove the 
salvation of our June alumni meetings, namely class reunions. The 

classes which would ordinarily come together this year 
„ . are those of 1898, 1903, 1908, 1910, and 191 2. Up to 

the present time practically no effort has ever been made 
to bring together classes as such in June. Of course the class system 
does not (officially) exist at Chicago, and even the students often deter- 
mine with difficulty, from the maze of majors and quarters, just when 
they will emerge. But, particularly of late years, class organizations of 
a sort have developed, and even developed solidly; and some alumni 
think the time has come to utilize them, as similar organizations are 
utilized nearly everywhere else. Various members of the reunion classes 
therefore have been asked to act as chairmen, to suggest and put in 
effect plans for calling together the graduates of their respective years. 
For 1898, F. E. Vaughan has been appointed; for 1903, Thomas J. Hair- 
But the classes of 1908 and 19 10 have developed much more elaborate 
machinery. An executive committee of nine men from 1908 has been 
hard at work. It includes Arthur AUyn, Paul Buhlig, L. D. Fernald, 
Arthur Goes, WiUiam F. Hewitt, Alvin Kramer, Max Richards, Frank 
Templeton, and Arthur Vail. Arrangements for the girls of the class 
are in the hands of Helen T. Sunny, The plans include a class dinner 
and a separate reception. 1910 has also its executive committee, includ- 
ing J. J. Pegues, A. L. Fridstein, Bradford Gill, Frank M. Orchard, 
and Harlan O. Page. Its plans have not been announced, but will also 
include a separate class dinner. 

One of the great defects of most of our present alumni organizations 

is their failure to provide a place for the man or woman who attended 

the University but took no degree. Some of the strongest 

and most loyal adherents of Chicago are among this 

group. Those who have attended for only one or two quarters, unless 



EVENTS AND DISCUSSION 229 

they happen to live in Chicago and have seen something of the University 
since they left it, are not usually much interested; but those who have 
spent a year or more here, and then have been forced by circumstances 
to withdraw, are often as eagerly interested in Chicago's welfare as the 
actual graduates. Yet our Directory does not include them, our notices 
miss them, our meetings, they sometimes feel, are not meant for them. 
Some arrangement ought speedily to be made whereby they might be 
regularly reached, and the tremendous potential capital of their loyalty 
conserved to the University's, and to their own, advantage. 

In this connection, however, a point made by Professor Lovett in 
his talk at the meeting of the Alumni Club seemed to many present very 

interesting. The standard of undergraduate scholarship 

^ At^ ^ ^^ Chicago, he pointed out, has risen steadily in the last 

Alumni ^^^ years. He agrees with Dean Angell that it is now, 

on the whole, as high as can fairly be expected; but he 
insisted that in raising it everyone concerned had been benefited — the 
student, the University, and particularly the body of alumni. A degree 
from the University of Chicago represents, in by far the greater number 
of cases, hard and intelligent work. The casual drifter, the man without 
a purpose, finds his troubles multiply so rapidly that he is soon unable 
to force a way farther through them. But on the other hand the clear- 
headed healthy young man (or woman) who does go on to the conclusion 
of his work for a degree acquires equal respect for himself and affection 
for the institution which assumes him ambitious and demands his best; 
and after graduation he finds his affection growing as he realizes more and 
more clearly the good sense of hard training. The classes of '96 to '99 
have a feeling for the University that no others, perhaps, can quite share. 
In their day Chicago was an experiment ; they were pioneers, educational 
"forty-niners"; years only brighten the lusterof their scholastic adventure. 
But since then, what alumni are the most eager in their loyalty ? The 
last five classes, without much question ; the men and women who saw 
the incidental displaced by the systematic, snap judgment by rigid require- 
ment, academic entertainment by training. Professor Lovett is right; the 
proudest alumni are, as a rule, those who take their University seriously. 

The date of the annual Spring Festival has been changed from late 
May to early June — June 6, to be exact. Originally the Spring Festival 

was the plan of Mr. Stagg, who hoped to crystallize general 
F sti al undergraduate enthusiasm into pageantry and procession. 

It has always been an interesting occasion ; but last year, 
so the Undergraduate Council seems to feel, it was overshadowed by the 



230 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE 

athletic events which accompanied it. This spring, therefore, after 
much debate, a new scheme has been adopted. The old features — the 
class floats, the dancing, and the ball game — will be retained, but 
the floats and the dancing will be considerably elaborated. The proces- 
sion will center round "The Spirit of Chicago," a float to represent all 
the classes as one; and in addition the four classes, the graduate school, 
and various organizations, such as the combined dramatic clubs, will 
have floats. An interfraternity relay, and other athletic diversions, 
including a game of push-ball, will be added. At bottom, the plan is 
an attempt to consolidate near the end of the quarter the various large 
affairs which have hitherto spread out over several weeks and to widen 
interest in the festival. The schedule as planned is as follows: 

June 5, W. A. A. Banquet. Interclass Hop. 

June 6, Spring Festival. Holiday. Interfraternity Sing. 

June 7, Interscholastic Meet. 

An interesting feature of the Spring Quarter has been the very 
successful publication, on alternate Wednesdays, of a supplement to the 
Chicago Evening Post, by the women of the University. 
omen an rpj^^ Tgi[Q.n originally suggested by the Post was to have a 
-n»- . supplement brought out one week by Chicago women, 

the next by Northwestern women, and so on. The 
Northwestern authorities preferred to employ both men and women for 
their issues; but the women of Chicago have been contented to run 
alone. Their efforts — superintended by Nathaniel Pfeffer, '11, formerly 
editor of the Maroon, now with the Post — have been strikingly successful. 
Articles on Alice Freeman Palmer, by Ruth Reticker, '12; Dean Talbot, 
by Martha Green, '13; and Hindle Wakes, by Augusta Swawite, '10, 
were of a high type of excellence. The poetry and the editorial com- 
ment have been equally effective. In fact, by their dignity, their suavity, 
their humor, and their good sense the women have done much to show 
to the general public the best side of the undergraduate here. 

The ninth annual production of the Blackfriars, The Pranks of 
Paprika, was given at Mandel Hall on Friday and Saturday evenings, 

May 2 and -k, q and 10. The book and lyrics were by 
"The Pranks . . 

, _, ., „ Donald Breed, '13, and Roderick Peattie, '14. Breed is 
of Papnka" , [ 7 . - 

from Freeport (111.) High School; was managmg editor of 

the 191 2 Cap and Gown, president of the Junior class, president of the 
dramatic club, editor of the Literary Monthly, and a University marshal. 
Peattie is a Junior, a son of Mrs. Robert (Elia) Peattie. Both Breed and 



EVENTS AND DISCUSSION 231 

Peattie are members of Alpha Delta Phi. The music of the production 
was chiefly by Lewis Fuiks, '16; R. E. Myers, '11, John Rhodes, '10, 
William Achi, '14, W. B. Bosworth, '14, and Henry Barton, '15, also 
contributed. The cast included the following: 

Billy Henderson, Robert Tuttle, '13; Pimiento, Milton Morse, '14; 
Pancho, Roland George, '16; Don Miguel, Henry Shull, '14; Wilhelmina, 
Harry Bogg, '15; Paprika, James Dyrenforth, '16; Rosa, Harold 
Terwilligar, '15; Marie, George Dorsey, '16; Maid to Paprika, Ralph 
Comwell, '16; Oswald, Craig Redmon, '16; Troubadour, L. P. Payne, 
'13; Smith, Harold Goettler, '14. The cast was remarkable for the 
fact that six out of thirteen were Freshmen, The performance was 
on much the same level as in former years; if anything superior. The 
dancing of Rogers, '12, and Parker, '12, was missed; but the acting of 
the cast as a whole was perhaps better than ever before. Thirty-eight 
men were in the chorus. 

On April 30, one day before it had been announced to come out, 

appeared the 19 13 annual, the Cap and Gown. It is a volume of 500 

pages, in solid binding, and better printed than usual. 
The Cap . . . 

. g „ It contains also six successful color-inserts, the work of 

Professor Sargent's pupils in the College of Education. 
The book as a whole is admirably planned and edited. The managing 
editors were William H. Lyman and John B. Perlee, the business mana- 
gers Thomas E. Coleman and W. P. Dickerson. The literary editor was 
Ralph W. Stansbury, and the art editor George S. Lyman. All are 
Juniors e.xcept G. S. Lyman, who is a Sophomore. The Lyman brothers 
are members of Beta Theta Pi; Perlee of Phi Gamma Delta; Coleman 
of Chi Psi; Dickerson of Alpha Delta Phi; and Stansbury of Sigma Chi. 
The managing editors for next year are Clyde E. Watkins and Haskell 
Rhett, the business managers (a competitive position) will be Frederick 
W. Byerly and Donald S. Delany. 

An interesting class reunion occurred in the Quadrangles on April 23. 

The members of the class of 1862 of the first University of Chicago 

took luncheon together, at the Quadrangle Club, fiftv- 

♦62 Reunion r^ ^l • j ^- rr-i. 1 , , 

one years after their graduation . The class was the second 

one graduated from the old University, entering in 1858, the year 

after the institution opened. There were only three members — John 

Saxton Mabie, George Washington Thomas, and James Goodman. The 

latter two are residents of Chicago. Mr. Mabie has made his home in 

California for the last twenty years. He has been a Bible student and 

teacher, and having reached the age of seventy-six, concluded to make 



232 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE 

a little trip of nine months and visit Palestine, " the land of the Book," 
and incidentally see Egypt, Asia Minor, Greece, Italy, Germany, France, 
Switzerland, and the British Islands. Mr. Mabie wrote Secretary Good- 
speed of his plans and the reunion of the class was arranged. There were 
several remarkable things about this reunion. All the original members 
are still living fifty-one years after their graduation. All of them 
are still in vigorous health after passing their seventy-second birthdays, 
one of them having reached seventy-six. They have always been warm 




THE CLASS OF '62 

personal friends. And all were present at this fifty-first celebration. It 
was a class reunion somewhat difficult to duplicate. 

The class spent about five hours together with much delight. They 
finally stood up before the camera, and Messrs. Thomas and Goodman, 
the young men of the trio, bade Mabie, the old man, bon voyage as he 
started at the age of seventy-six for the other side of the world. 

The University has just purchased the Durrett collection of Ameri- 
cana — a library of thirty to forty thousand volumes of books, of an 

equal number of pamphlets, and of a great mass of rare 
The Durrett 1 . . . • n r 1 

_ .. ^ and important manuscripts treating especially of the 

development of the Southwest and the Ohio Valley to 

the close of reconstruction times. The books bear upon the history of 



EVENTS AND DISCUSSION 233 

most of the border states rather fully, while every volume ever pub- 
lished in or about Kentucky is said to be in the collection. Some of the 
works on Virginia, Tennessee, and Kentucky, such as John Smith's 
History, first edition, Haywood's Tennessee, and Filson's manuscript 
History of Kentucky, are estimated to be worth from two to three hundred 
dollars a volume. 

But the library is particularly prized by the Department of History 
as a help in writing the history of the old South and the early West. 
From this point of view it is not surpassed by any private or public 
collection in the Middle West, with one possible exception. The manu- 
scripts bearing on the relations of the United States and Spain during 
the formative period of the national life make an absolutely unique 
treasure; the same may be said of the Haldimand transcripts which 
cover the same period. Of journals and diaries of the western pioneers 
and state builders there are many of the greatest importance, such, for 
example, as the autobiography of George Rogers Clarke and the journal 
of Thomas Walker, the first Englishman to explore the Mississippi 
Valley. 

Of no less value to historians is the large list of ante-bellum news- 
papers, covering pretty closely the period of 1798 to i860. Some of 
these are of especial importance — those which describe the maneuvers 
of Aaron Burr during the years 1805-7 when he was trying to build for 
himself a state in the West. One of the papers is the file of the Whig 
organ, published under the aegis of Henry Clay at Maysville, Ky., 
during a long period. With the exception of the Vincennes Sun, now 
in the Indiana State Library, there is no more important newspaper file 
in this section of the country. 

In bringing this material to Chicago the University has sought to 
advance the cause of historical investigation, not only among its own 
professors and students, but also in the city as well, for it is well known 
that, because of the great fire, our libraries are weak in materials on the 
early national development. It may also be said that in gathering such 
rare documents here in fireproof buildings the University is trying to 
preserve the sources of our history which are so likely to be consumed 
in the many fires which we have the habit of tolerating in all parts of 
the country. Members of the Department of History are enthusiastic 
about their new accession, and they greatly appreciate the action of 
the President and Trustees in making the large appropriation necessary 
for the purchase. 



SCHOLARSHIP OF FRATERNITIES IN 
WINTER QUARTER 

The following table shows the comparative standing in scholarship 
of the various fraternities at the University for the Winter Quarter: 



Fraternity- 
Alpha Tau Omega . . 

Delta Upsilon 

Alpha Delta Phi 

Beta Theta Pi 

Sigma Alpha Epsilon 
Phi Kappa Sigma. . . 
Phi Delta Theta. .'. . 
Phi Gamma Delta . . 

ChiPsi 

Sigma Chi 

Kappa Sigma 

Delta Sigma Phi . . . . 

Sigma Nu 

Delta Kappa Epsilon 

Delta Tau Delta 

Psi Upsilon 

Phi Kappa Psi 

Grand total .... 



Rank in 
Winter 



Rank in 
Autumn 



Percentage 
in Winter 



Percentage 
in Autumn 



Number in 
Chapter 



2 
3 
4 
5 
6 

7 
8 

9 

lO 

II 

12 
13 
14 
15 
16 

17 



7 

5 

12 

II 

16 

6 

17 
10 

14 

13 

9 

4 

15 



3 30 

3.02 

2.96 

2.70 

2.62 

2.45 

2.37 

2.36 

2.32 + 

2.32 

2.31 + 

2.31 

2. 12 

2.08 

2.01 

1.98 

1.83 



2.70 
2.49 
2.25 

3--^5 
2.30 
2.40 
1 .90 
1.98 
1.48 
2.38 
1.23 
1.99 
1.78 
1.80 
2.00 
2.48 
1.52 



16 
21 
25 
17 
26 

14 
II 

23 
18 

13 
14 
16 

15 
24 
17 
27 
18 



2-39 



315 



From this table it is plain that the general scholarship of the 
fraternities is much higher in the Winter Quarter than in the Autumn. 
The difference is probably due almost entirely to two things: rushing, 
and the Three-Quarters Club. The general testimony is, however, that 
studying is easier in winter than at any other season of the year. 

The table includes among the fraternities all pledged men. It 
excludes law men (whose grades are not available) and graduate students. 
It shows that the most marked advance is in the case of Kappa Sigma 
(from an average of i . 23 grade points to 2.31), Chi Psi (from an average 
of 1.48 to 2.32), Delta Upsilon (from an average of 2.49 to 3.02), and 
Alpha Delta Phi (from an average of 2.25 to 2 . 96). The only marked 
decline is in the case of Psi Upsilon (from 2 . 48 to i . 98) and Beta Theta 
Pi (from 3 . 15 to 2 . 70). The rank is really of little value in many cases; 
between 6th place and 12th, one man often determines the position. 
Again, Delta Kappa Epsilon, which made an average gain of . 28 grade 
points, actually sank from 13th place to 14th. But the rise or fall in 

234 



HONORING PROFESSOR MILLIKAN 235 

general percentage is of considerable interest. A study of the individual 
chapters seems to show conclusively that the present standard of eligi- 
bility for initiation (three majors, with an average of C— for every 
major taken) is too low. Very few men who are admitted to fraternities 
on such an average remain more than one year, some not even for the 
entire year; their efifect is consequently one of demoralization. 



HONORING PROFESSOR MILLIKAN 

Robert Andrews Millikan, Professor of Physics, was on April 23 given 
the Comstock Prize of fifteen hundred dollars, for his researches in 
electricity, magnetism, and radiant energy. The formal presentation 
was made at Washington by President Woodrow Wilson, following the 
award of the prize by the National Academy of Science. In announcing 
the award, R. S. Woodward, president of the Carnegie Institution, said: 

Our late colleague in the Academy, General Cyrus Buel Comstock, member of the 
Corps of Engineers of the U.S. Army, won distinction as chief engineer on the staff of 
General Grant during the great civil conflict. But in the pursuit of his arduous 
vocation he found time also for the cultivation of science and he is not less distinguished 
for his contributions to geodesy than for his services in the evolution of our common- 
wealth. His devotion to physical science is witnessed in his last will and testament, by 
which he conveyed to the Academy a fund whose income may be used for the promotion 
of researches in electricity, magnetism, and radiant energy. Under the terms and 
conditions of this fund the Academy now makes its first award, under the designation 
"Comstock Prize," of the sum of fifteen hundred dollars, to Professor Robert 
Andrews Millikan of the University of Chicago. 

It is a far cry from the adumbrations of Democritus and Lucretius to the modem 
doctrine of atomicity. But the demonstration of this doctrine, dimly foreseen more 
than twenty centuries ago, is the greatest achievement in physical science of the past 
two decades, and one of the greatest in the history of science. It is now proved not 
only that what we call gross matter is atomic, but that what we call electricity has also 
a granular or atomic structure. With rare acumen and with rare experimental skill 
Professor Millikan has furnished the most direct and the most convincing proof of the 
existence of electric atoms or elements. He has shown how to count these elements in 
any small electrical charge; he has rendered them almost tangible by showing in the 
clearest manner their visible effects; he has determined with superior precision the 
fundamental constant represented in the electrical charge of these atoms; he has 
demonstrated the equality in electrical charge of the positive and the negative ions in 
ionized gases; and he has made important additions to our knowledge of the molecular 
constitution and the kinetic phenomena of gases. For these contributions to knowl- 
edge and for the original and refined methods of research he has developed and so 
successfully applied, the Academy honors him with this first recognition of superior 
merit as provided by the founder of the Comstock Fund. 



236 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE 

Professor Millikan is a graduate of Oberlin, of 1891, and received the 
degree of Doctor of Philosophy from Columbia in 1895. Oberlin honored 
him with the degree of Doctor of Science in 191 1. He came to Chicago 
as a student and presently as assistant in physics in 1896, and after 
promotion through the various intermediate grades was made professor 
in 1910, He is a member of the Executive Council of the American 
Physical Society, and advisory editor of the Physical Review. With 
Associate Professor Henry G. Gale, '96, he is author of a high-school 
textbook which has had an unprecedented and remarkable success, being 
now in use in more than half of the high schools and academies in which 
physics is taught in the United States. He married, in 1903, Miss Greta 
Blanchard, Chicago, and has two sons. He is a member of the Phi 
Kappa Sigma fraternity, for the local chapter of which he acts as 
counselor. 

At the same meeting of the Academy of Science Professor Leonard 
E. Dickson of the Department of Mathematics was elected to member- 
ship in the Academy — the eighth of the University faculty to be so 
honored. Professor Dickson was graduated from the University of Texas 
in 1893, and was given the degree of Doctor of Philosophy by Chicago 
just three years later. He returned here as Assistant Professor of 
Mathematics in 1900, became Associate Professor in 1907, and Professor 
in 1910. 



THE EARLY HISTORY OF THE 
"DAILY MAROON" 

"The Daily Maroon, Founded October i, 1902." 

These words, standing at the head of the editorial column in the Uni- 
versity of Chicago newspaper which has been pubUshed every University 
day since the opening of that Autumn Quarter, record the inauguration 
of a student activity which is quite generally considered to be of all the 
most universal in interest. The Daily Maroon came as the result of a 
demand felt and expressed with growing force ever since the founding of 
the University. This is the need for some medium through which the 
varied interests in the institution may find expression and the many 
groups within the Quadrangle community be brought together in a 
common feeling of University solidarity. 

Three attempts to meet this demand were made in early years. The 
first daily, named the University News, appeared October 17, 1893. 
The second effort was undertaken by means of a tri-weekly. In adopting 
the University color as the name for that paper — the Maroon — the 
publishers made a contribution which has come down to the publications 
of the present day. The first appearance of the tri-weekly took place on 
May 15, 1895, and the last on March 20, 1896. The third endeavor was 
made in the spring of 1900, when a newspaper called the Daily Maroon 
was published from May 7 to 9; suspended by the Faculty Board of 
Student Organizations; resumed publication May 21 and discontinued 
June 19. 

During that spring most of the men who shared in establishing the 
Daily Maroon of today were in college, and the first managing editor and 
one of the associate editors were appointees on the reportorial stafif of the 
attempted publication. Consequently the experiences in connection 
with that endeavor proved to be valuable lessons. The paper, edited and 
owned by Earl D. Howard, '02, was so popular that the universality of 
the demand for a daily was emphasized. The temporary suspension, 
justified because the editors were duped into printing a supposed scandal, 
fixed for University of Chicago student-publishers a principle which 
assures daily loyalty to the best interests of their Alma Mater. 

All three of the attempts enforced the vital point that, to live, the 
daily must be thoroughly organized on a business basis and as a student 
activity. 

237 



238 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE 

The immediate movement which resulted in the present Daily Maroon 
originated during the Autumn Quarter of 1901. At that time Herbert E. 
Fleming, '02, University correspondent for one of the city papers, and 
managing editor of the University Weekly for that quarter, proposed to 
Byron C. Moon, fcusiness manager and owner of the Weekly, that some 
plan be devised for developing the Weekly into a daily newspaper and a 
monthly literary magazine. They prepared some documents containing 
suggestions and submitted them to President Harper. Both stated that 
some scheme of business management which would insure stability was 
the imperative requirement. The managing editor suggested official 
University business management, such as is carried out successfully in 
student athletics. The business manager proposed that the University 
grant a subsidy. 

These proposals were sent by the President to the Board of Student 
Organizations. A thorough faculty discussion followed. Professors who 
had been editors of student papers at Yale, Harvard, and other institu- 
tions gave many valuable suggestions. The result of the discussion was 
a definite expression of the sentiment that the University must never 
officially subsidize the organ for student opinion nor exercise a censorship 
over it. The papers were withdrawn and the movement was apparently 
dropped. 

Toward the close of the Winter Quarter in that year, however, ten 
men, on invitation of Mr. Fleming, joined in a determination to under- 
take the financial and editorial responsibility for publishing a daily 
newspaper during the next college year providea the student body would 
give them authority to do so. These men were: Herbert E. Fleming, '02 ; 
Robert L. Henry, Jr., '02; Charles W. Collins, '03; Walker G. McLaury, 
'03; Harry W. Ford, '04; Oliver B. Wyman, '04; Frank McNair, '03; 
Francis F. Tische, '03; JohnF. Adams, Medic; Adelbert T. Stewart, '04. 

They posted notices calling a mass meeting to be held May 15, "for 
the organization of a new student activity." The object of the proposed 
mass meeting was explained to the Seniors by Mr. Fleming, the class 
president, and the '02 's were the first to go on record for the project. 
They unanimously adopted a resolution to attend the mass meeting as 
a class. The notice aroused considerable curiosity as the day for the 
meeting approached. 

In the meantime Mr. Moon had been working individually on plans. 
He had associated with himself Piatt M. Conrad, '03, and Julian L. 
Brode, '05, in a stock company organized for the purpose of expanding the 



THE EARLY HISTORY OF THE "DAILY MAROON " 239 

Weekly into a daily and monthly. Hence there were two movements on 
foot simultaneously, but without avowed antagonism. 

From time to time, President Harper had shown great interest in, 
suggestions for a daily. He had promised to attend the mass meeting 
and had been announced as one of the speakers. On the day before the 
meeting he invited Mr. Fleming and Mr. Moon to his office and pointed 
out the evident advantages of combination. 

The obstacle to be overcome lay in the fact that the ownership of the 
Weekly was vested in Mr, Moon, who had a considerable sum of capital 
involved. In the early days of the University, it had been found 
advisable to permit the system of private ownership for the Weekly. 
The ten men working for the establishment of a daily held that the 
student body as a whole should own its publications; and they were 
unwilling to buy the Weekly. But it was known to them that for some 
time Mayo Fesler, '97, then secretary of the Alumni association, had 
thought of proposing Alumni responsibility for a daily. He was appealed 
to as the man holding the key to the situation. Mr. Fesler expressed the 
belief that the Alumni association would purchase the Weekly from 
Mr. Moon. 

The mass meeting was held the next day, May 15, as announced. 
The students filled Kent theater to the doors. They adopted a resolution 
offered by Allan Burns, the cheerleader. By this resolution, the student 
body requested the Alumni association to purchase the Weekly; gave the 
ten men who had called the meeting and Roy D. Keehn, '02, and Eli P. 
Gale, '03, whose names had been added to the list, authority to become 
the board of editors for the publication during one year and to select their 
successors on the merit basis; and recommended that the Alumni 
association name Mr. Moon as business manager. 

This plan did not meet with favor among the alumni, but its tentative 
consideration served as the means for progress in the movement. On 
Alumni Day, a committee of fifteen was appointed by the association to 
consider the plan. Toward the end of the Summer Quarter, after many 
meetings, this committee was about to send out to the alumni member- 
ship an adverse recommendation. Mr. Moon thereupon withdrew his 
proposition to the association and made a generous offer to the board of 
editors; in his proposal he assumed the risk of regaining his invested 
capital from possible net profits to be earned by the proposed publications 
during the first two years. 

On July 31, with Henry Gale, '96, of the aliunni committee acting as 
adviser, Mr. Moon and Mr. Fleming, representing the editors, framed and 



24© THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE 

signed an agreement which is the working basis for the Daily Maroon. 
This provides that the pubUcation is the property of the student body, 
held in trust by the combined board of editors and the business manager. 
The financial responsibility is equally divided between the business 
manager and the board. The agreement provides explicitly that future 
boards of editors shall be selected on the merit basis, after competition 
open to all students in the University. This board, through an auditing 
committee, has access to the books; and elects the business manager, the 
retiring business manager nominating. With the execution of this 
agreement the Daily Maroon is a self-supporting student activity. 

The first election was held and a general plan of editorial organization 
adopted at a meeting of the board, June 13. Mr. Keehn and Mr. Collins 
were elected executive editors for the Monthly, severing connection with 
the Daily. The first executive editors elected for the Daily Maroon were : 
Herbert E. Fleming, managing editor; Harry W. Ford, news editor; Eli 
P. Gale, athletic editor. It was provided that the other members should 
be associate editors. The first seven associate editors were : Robert L. 
Henry, Jr., Walker G. McLaury, Oliver B. Wyman, Frank McNair, 
Francis F. Tische, Adelbert T. Stewart, and John F. Adams. 

In September Mr. Ford resigned to accept a professional editorial 
position. Mr. Wyman was elected news editor and Frank R. Adams, '04, 
was elected to the board as associate editor. Mr. Gale resigned as 
athletic editor but continued as associate editor. Mr. Henry was elected 
athletic editor. Mr. John F. Adams resigned and Austin A. Hay den, '02, 
and a Junior at Rush Medical college, was elected as associate editor to 
fill the vacancy. As authorized in the mass meeting, the board provided 
for representing the women students. Miss Cornelia S. Smith, '03, and 
Miss Julia M. Hobbs, '03, were elected as the first women editors. 
During the year several changes took place in the personnel of the board. 
At the opening of the Winter Quarter, to fill vacancies caused by the 
resignation of Mr. McLaury and Miss Hobbs, Walter L. Gregory, '05, 
was elected an associate editor and Miss Agnes Wayman, '03, to be one 
of the women editors. 

Vol. I, No. I, of the Daily Maroon came from the pressroom of the 
new building of the University of Chicago Press at 4 o'clock, October i. 
The typesetting and printing were done by the University Press all year. 
Until March i, a force of twelve compositors on the fourth floor was ready 
to drop all other work and set type for the Daily Maroon. That spring 
a linotype and an additional printing press were added to the equipment 
of the Press to facilitate publishing the paper. From the first issue the 



THE EARLY HISTORY OF THE "DAILY MAROON" 241 

typographical appearance of the paper attracted very favorable atten- 
tion. In fact the Daily Maroon has been printed in much better than 
newspaper style. The arrangements between the Maroon and the 
University Press were on a strictly business basis; and the fine printing 
made the expense of publishing the Daily Maroon greater than that of 
any other students' newspaper in America. The University gave the 
Maroon, as a student enterprise, an office in Room 7 on the main floor 
of the Press building; and this greatly facilitated editorial work. The 
University has patronized the paper as an advertiser at regular rates; 
but has not exercised a censorship over it either directly or indirectly. 

The plan of editorial management has been to adapt the system of 
metropolitan dailies as far as possible to the conditions in the University 
field. The general principle has been to have as large a number of 
workers as possible with a minute division of labor every day. This is 
urgent, because the editors found that all other considerations must give 
way to the necessity of rushing the copy. The news editor makes the 
assignments for general university news-gathering and edits manuscript; 
the athletic editor does the same for his field and writes editorialized 
critiques on the athletic situation ; the associate editors divide the work 
of copy-reading — that is, editing manuscript — writing editorials, and 
conducting departments. The managing editor's duty is to co-ordinate 
these efforts. 

Special departments have served to give variety to the paper. At 
first " Gargoylettes," an editorial page section containing a daily grist of 
jokes, attracted a large part of the Maroon's constituency and compared 
favorably with the best humorous column in the city papers. Mr. 
Adams edited this department and contributed the larger part of the 
"Gargoylettes." Mr. Tische edited "The News from the Universities," 
a department which has kept Chicago students in touch with American 
college life. He also did the proofreading. Mr. Hayden edited "The 
Rush Medical Notes," sending news from the West Side so toned as to 
aid in the incorporation of Rush Medical College student life into that of 
the University. Mr. Gregory, besides editing manuscript, directed the 
makeup. Associate Editors Gale, Stewart, and McNair wrote editorials 
and edited copy. Miss Smith was the society editor and Miss Wayman 
edited the women's athletic news. 

The members of the first board united in an endeavor to lay a firm 
foundation for building up the Daily Maroon as an ihstitution. To this 
end they held weekly board meetings Tuesday afternoons. At these 
councils each member reported criticisms he had heard from subscribers 



242 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE 

and made suggestions. The board's actions on all questions of policy 
in reference to news and editorials were binding on the executive editors. 
In order that future boards might have whatever permanent benefit these 
discussions afforded, a book of records was kept. 

Competition for membership on the staff of reporters and the board 
of editors began with the first day of news-gathering. To increase the 
interest in this competition the editorial board invented the Maroon star, 
a small five-pointed button finished in maroon enamel with gold border- 
ing and backing. 

The rule adopted was that any student making the staff of reporters 
might wear the star during his term as a reporter and that a reporter 
winning a place on the board might keep his star. During the Autumn 
Quarter of 1902 there were twenty candidates whom the editors called 
Hustlers, working to win the star. The staff for each quarter is of twelve 
reporters, at least two of whom shall be women students. Those who 
won places on the first staff were formally presented their stars at a 
Maroon Smoker, held in the Chi Psi lodge, January 10, the first Saturday 
in the Winter Quarter. At that time the upper classmen on the staff 
made speeches declaring their determination to continue in the work so 
that the Daily Maroon should live. 

The business manager and his assistants found the business men in 
a well-worked advertising field appreciative of the Daily Maroon as a 
medium for reaching the students in the University of Chicago world. 
" The Maroon Daily World" was a name proposed for the journal of today 
at the time of the sanctioning mass meeting. On further consideration, 
however, the editors and business manager concluded that they had no 
fear of the name developed in the experiments of the past. As the paper 
went on in its growth toward the completion of Vol. I they often expressed 
the conviction that the Daily Maroon would continue to be "Published 
Afternoons by the Students of the University of Chicago during the 
Four Quarters of the University Year," as long as there are University 
days and University years. 

[Note. — ^The foregoing article was published, with slight differences, in the 1903 
Cap and Gown. It was anonymous, but is supposed to have been written by H. E. 
Fleming, '02. The Maroon is no longer published by the University Press, and is now 
not continued in the Summer Quarter. In every other respect it is carried along 
exactly the lines laid down eleven years ago.] 



THE UNIVERSITY RECORD 



Instructors from other institutions for 
the Summer Quarter. — At the coming 
Summer Quarter of the University- 
courses will be offered by thirty-six 
instructors from other institutions, in- 
cluding representatives from the faculties 
of Harvard and Johns Hopkins universi- 
ties in the East, Leland Stanford and the 
University of Washington in the West, 
the University of Toronto in Canada, 
and Tulane University and the Univer- 
sity of Texas in the South. Of the total 
number from other university faculties 
twenty-seven have the rank of full 
professor, seven that of associate pro- 
fessor, and two that of assistant professor. 

In the professional schools of the Uni- 
versity instruction will be given during 
the Summer Quarter by the following 
professors from other institutions: 

The Law School — William Perry 
Rogers, Dean of the University of Cin- 
cinnati Law School; Eugene Allen Gil- 
more, Acting Dean of the University of 
Wisconsin Law School; Dudley Odell 
McGovney, of Tulane University; and 
Austin Wakeman Scott, of the Harvard 
University Law School. 

The Divinity School — James Frederick 
McCurdy, Professor of Oriental Litera- 
ture in the University of Toronto. 

The School of Education — Frank 
Pierrepont Graves, Professor of Educa- 
tion in Ohio State University; Walter 
Albert Jessup, Professor of Education 
in the State University of Iowa; and 
Frederick Elmer Bolton, Professor of 
Education in the University of Wash- 
ington. 

Courses offered in the Summer Quarter. — 
More than four hundred and fifty courses 
will be offered at the University during 
the Summer Quarter, which extends from 
June 1 6 to August 29. Of these about 
three hundred will be given in the Schools 
and Colleges of Arts, Literature, and 
Science, forty-two in the Divinity School, 
nine in the Law School, and ninety-six 
in the School of Education. During the 
last Summer Quarter 424 different 
courses were given, as follows: In the 
Junior Colleges, 49; Senior Colleges 
and Graduate Schools, 100; Graduate 



Schools exclusively, 115; Divinity School 
40; Law School, 10; Medical Courses, 
25; College of Education, 85. 

The courses for the Summer Quarter 
of 19 1 3 will be given by over two hundred 
instructors, including seventy full pro- 
fessors, forty-four associate professors, 
and thirty-six assistant professors. 

A distinguished honor for a Chicago 
physicist. — At the semi-centennial cele- 
bration of the National Academy of 
Sciences held in Washington during the 
week of April 21-26 the first award of 
the Comstock Prize, of the value of 
$1500, was made to Robert Andrews 
Millikan, Professor of Physics in the 
University of Chicago. 

The University of Chicago is repre- 
sented in the National Academy of 
Sciences by nine members, including 
the two who were in attendance at the 
recent meeting — Professor Julius Stieg- 
litz, of the Department of Chenustry, 
and Professor Forest Ray Moulton, of 
the Department of Astronomy and 
Astrophysics. The other members from 
the University are Albert A. Michelson, 
head of the Department of Physics; 
Thomas C. Chamberlin, head of the 
Department of Geology; John Ulric 
Nef, head of the Department of Chemis- 
try; Eliakim Hastings Moore, head of 
the Department of Mathematics; John 
Merle Coulter, head of the Department 
of Botany; Edwin Brant Frost, Director 
of the Yerkes Observatory; and Leonard 
Eugene Dickson, of the Department of 
Mathematics, who was made a member 
at the last meeting. 

Success of the twenty-fifth Educational 
Conference. — The twenty-fifth annual 
Conference of the University with 
related secondary schools was held on 
April 18 and 19. Reports from those 
who were intimately related to its 
various departments of activity give the 
impression that this was the most success- 
ful meeting of the kind in the history 
of the University. The main features 
of the Conference as a whole consisted 
of (i) the departmental conferences, 
(2) the honor examinations of high-school 



243 



244 



THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE 



students, (3) the contests for high-school 
students in reading and in effective 
speaking, (4) the general session of the 
Conference, and (5) the Conference 
luncheon for executive officers of the 
University and secondary schools. To 
these features should be added the 
luncheon given by the University to 
the visiting high-school pupils and officers 
in the Hutchinson Commons, the supper 
for high-school girls at Lexington, for 
the boys at Hutchinson, and for high- 
school officers at Emmons Blaine Hall. 
The number of high-school pupils pres- 
ent at the Friday luncheon exceeded 
the attendance of last year by more 
than 125, and as these were present to 
attend the contests and examinations, 
it is obvious what this meant in the way 
of numbers and interest for the afternoon 
and evening occasions. 

The departmental conferences occupied 
many of the class rooms and auditoriums 
on the quadrangles, and nearly every 
conference reported unprecedented at- 
tendance. The general subject for all 
the meetings was "Economy in Educa- 
tion," and the discussions both in the 
departmental conferences and in the 
more general public sessions were re- 
garded as making distinct contributions 
to the solution of certain questions now 
uppermost in the minds of college and 
secondary school leaders. President 
Harry Pratt Judson and Professor James 
R. Angell, Dean of the Faculties, were 
both speakers at the conference. 

Examinations were held in German, 
American History, French, Mathematics, 
Physics, English, and Latin. To these 
examinations only students from the 
current senior classes of co-operating 
high schools were admitted. To the 
winner of each examination is awarded 
a scholarship in the University amounting 
to full tuition for the next college year. 
The total number of students competing 
in the examinations was 251 — 39 in 
German, 25 in American History, 11 in 
French, 61 in Mathematics, 14 in Physics, 
64 in English, and 37 in Latin. Like- 
wise two scholarships were awarded on 
the basis of contests conducted by the 
Department of Public Speaking. One 
was a reading contest in which there 
were entered 29 students, the other a 
contest in effective speaking in which 
44 students competed, a total of 73. In 
the effective speaking contest each school 
was represented by a team of two. 



Preliminary tryouts were held during 
the afternoon and the final contests 
were held in the evening. The scholar- 
ship in the reading contest was won by 
Sol Gluckstone, of the East Division 
High School, Milwaukee, and the scholar- 
ship in the effective speaking contest was 
won by Mediard Welsh, of the Lane 
Technical High School, Chicago. 

Eighteen of the high schools in Chicago 
entered representatives in the examina- 
tions and reading contests and thirty- 
two schools outside of Chicago, a total 
of fifty schools, with 324 representatives 
as compared with 188 representatives in 
191 2 and 242 in the preceding year. 

Election of Professor Merriam to the 
Chicago City Council. — Charles Edward 
Merriam, Professor of Political Science in 
the University, was elected to the City 
Council of Chicago in April. He was a 
nonpartisan candidate from the seventh 
ward, which he had previously repre- 
sented in the Council. During his 
former term he won distinction by 
serving as the head of the Merriam 
commission on city expenditures, and in 
his campaign for the mayoralty of 
Chicago in 191 1 he was strongly sup- 
ported by many of the best elements in 
the city. He is the author of a book 
on Municipal Revenues of Chicago and 
one on Primary Elections, as well as of 
A History of American Political Theories. 
Professor Merriam is a graduate of the 
State University of Iowa and received 
the degree of Doctor of Philosophy from 
Columbia University in 1900, spending 
a year also as a student in Berlin and 
Paris. He began as a Docent in political 
science at the University of Chicago in 
1900 and was made a full professor in 
1911. 

New books by members of the University. 
— ^The University of Chicago Press an- 
nounces for publication several new books 
by members of the Faculties, including 
a volume on London in English Literature, 
by Assistant Professor Percy Holmes 
Boynton, of the Department of English. 
Mr. Boynton recently contributed a 
series of articles on the same subject to 
the Chautauquan The twelfth and 
thiiteentn parts of Assyrian atid Baby- 
lonian Letters Belonging to the Kouyunjik 
Collections of the British Museum, the 
series which is being edited by Robert 
Francis Harper, Professor of the Semitic 



THE VNIVERSITY RECORD 



245 



Languages and Literatures, are ready 
for early publication; and the Barrows 
lectures, recently given in India by 
Professor Charles Richmond Henderson, 
head of the Department of Practical 
Sociology, will soon be published by 
both the Macmillan Company in India 
and the University of Chicago Press, 
under the title of Social Programs of 
the West. A book by Dr. Victor Ernest 
Shelford, of the Department of Zoology, 
will also be published soon under the 
title of Animal Communities in Temperate 
America as Illustrated in the Chicago 
Region. 

A prize competition in economics. — 
Professor J. Laurence Laughlin, head 
of the Department of Political Economy, 
is chairman of the committee in charge 
of the contest among students of eco- 
nomics for four prizes ranging from $1000 
to $200 offered for the best essays pro- 
duced on the following subjects before 
June, 1914: "The Competitive Rela- 
tions of the Suez and Panama Canals," 
"Price Regulation by Governmental 
Authority," "A Theory of Public 
Expenditures," and "A Study on the 
Changes of Modem Standards of Living." 
A competitor is not limited to the sub- 
jects mentioned. The prizes are given 
by Hart, Schaffner & Marx, of Chiciago. 
Representatives from Columbia, Mich- 
igan, and Harvard are on the com- 
mittee of award. 

The Middle West Society for Physical 
Education and Hygiene. — The second 
annual conference of the Middle West 
Society for Physical Education and 
Hygiene was held at the University on 
April 25 and 26, with an attendance of 
two hundred and fifty members. The 
main conference was held in Kent 
Theater, the general subject discussed 
being "Professional Training of Physical 
Educators," and demonstrations of phys- 
ical activities were given in Bartlett 
Gymnasium. Well known educators and 
physical instructors were among the 
speakers, who included Director Charles 
H. Judd, of the School of Education; 
President Ella L. Sabin, of Milwaukee- 
Downer College; Dean Thomas F. 
Holgate, of Northwestern University; 
Henry Sudor, physical director of the 
Chicago public schools; George Ehler, 
director of physical education at the 
University of Wisconsin; and Miss 
Amy Homan, director of athletics at 



WeUesley College. Assistant Professor 
Gertrude Dudley, of the Department 
of Physical Culture, is a member of the 
executive committee of the organization 
and Assistant Professor Dudley B. Reed 
is chairman of the committee on speakers 
and place of meeting. 

Assignment of fellowships for the ytar 
igij-14. — One hundred and ten appoint- 
ments to fellowships in the University 
of Chicago for the year 1913-14 were 
annoimced at the end of April. Of 
these, nineteen were assigned to women. 
Of the total number of fellowships 
twenty-nine were given to students who 
have received degrees from the Uni- 
versity of Chicago, other institutions 
represented in the distribution being 
Harvard, Leland Stanford, Vassar, Bryn 
Mawr, Williams, Columbia. Texas, Min- 
nesota, Illinois, California, Radcliffe, 
Washington, Cornell, and Manitoba. 
The fellowships range in value from $120 
to $520. 

Musicales during the Spring Quarter. 
— A series of musicales to be given 
at the University during the Spring 
Quarter has been arranged by Director 
Robert W^ Stevens, the first concert 
in the series being that by the A 
Capella choir of Northwestern Uni- 
versity — a mLxed choir of twenty- 
seven voices under the direction of 
Peter C. Lutkin. The first part of the 
program consisted of mediaeval church 
hymns sung in Latin, selections from 
Bach, and from the best of present-day 
church hymns; and the second part was 
devoted to part-songs, folk-songs, and 
solo numbers. The audience was espe- 
cially enthusiastic over a Welsh folk- 
song and a composition, "Cargoes," 
by the director of the choir. On April 
25 the University of Chicago Orchestra 
and the Women's Glee Club gave a return 
concert at Northwestern University. 
The second concert in the series was 
given at Leon Mandel Assembly Hall 
on April 22 by a string quartet 
composed of members of the Chicago 
Symphony Orchestra, the selectioifs 
being from Beethoven and Tschaikow- 
sky. There was an enthusiastic audience 
of five hundred. The concerts are open 
to the students and their friends. 

Professor J. Laurence Laughlin, head 
of the Department of Political Economy, 
was recently in Washington to invite 



246 



THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE 



President Wilson to address the conven- 
tion of the Western Economic Society, 
which meets this month in Chicago to 
consider "The Economic Phases of the 
Panama Canal." Professor Laughlin 
also held conferences in Washington 
with Representative Underwood, chair- 
man of the ways and means committee 
of the House, and with Representative 
Glass, chairman of the committee on 
banking and currency, with reference 
to proposed currency legislation. Mr. 
Laughlin is chairman of the National 
Citizens' League, the purpose of which 
is to bring about improvements in the 
government's financial system. 

Director Charles H. Judd, of the School 
of Education, will be one of the special 
lecturers at the sxmimer session of the 
University of Wisconsin. 

The Making of Tomorrow is the title 
of a volume published last month in 
New York, the author being Dean 
Shailer Mathews, of the Divinity School. 
The four main divisions of the book deal 
with social and religious questions under 
the heads of "The Common Lot," 
"The Church and Society," "The Mak- 
ing of Tomorrow," and "The Extension 
of Democracy." Dean Mathews recent- 
ly returned from three weeks of lecturing 
on the Pacific Coast, where he spoke at 
the University of California, Throop 
Institute at Pasadena, and Occidental 
College at Los Angeles. He also gave at 
Berkeley the annual Earle lectures at the 
Pacific Theological Seminary, the general 
subject of the series being "Social 
Aspects of Christian Doctrine." 

Professor Walter W. Cook, of the Law 
School, and Associate Professor Frank 
M. Leavitt, of the School of Education, 
represented the University at the annual 
meeting of the Illinois division of the 
American Institute of Criminal Law and 
Criminology held in Springfield, 111., on 
April 8 and 9. "Criminal Procedure" 
was the subject of a report by Professor 
Cook, and Professor Leavitt spoke on 
"Industrial Education for Juveniles." 
Mr. Cook was re-elected treasurer of the 
Illinois branch of the Institute. 

His Great Adventure, a serial story by 
Professor Robert Herrick, of the Depart- 
ment of English, was completed in the 
April number of Munsey's Magazine. 
Mr. Herrick's last novel. One Woman's 
Life, published by the MacmiUan Com- 
pany, has attracted wide attention. The 
same publishers announce a new edition 



of The Common Lot for their "Modem 
Fiction Library." 

In a recent series of lectures given in 
the Leon Mandel Assembly Hall under 
the auspices of the Christian Union, 
Professor Charles Richmond Henderson, 
head of the Department of Practical 
Sociology, gave some of his impressions 
during the last six months in the Orient, 
where he delivered the Barrows lectures 
as the representative of the University. 
Dr. Henderson said that the friendly 
relations between America and the 
Chinese go far to make the position of 
Americans desirable in the new republic 
and he emphasized the need of practical 
workers in the missionary field, particu- 
larly the opportunity offered to physi- 
cians and directors of athletics to assist 
in the development of the new national 
life and further the ideals and religion of 
the Occident. 

At the annual meeting of the Uni- 
versity Orchestral Association held in 
the Haskell Assembly Room on April 
16 the following officers were elected: 
President, James Henry Breasted; vice- 
president, Mrs. Harry Pratt Judson; 
secretary-treasurer, David Allan Robert- 
son; directors, James A. Field, Frank R. 
Lillie, Wallace Heckman, and Lorado 
Taft. It was practically decided to 
have for the season of 1913-14 the same 
number of concerts as for the season just 
closed — six orchestral concerts and three 
artists recitals. The series of concerts 
for I gi 2-13, including six by the Chicago 
Symphony Orchestra and recitals by 
Rudolph Ganz, Eugene Ysaye, and Alice 
Nielsen, proved to be the most popular 
and successful in the history of the 
association, nearly three hundred stu- 
dents having purchased tickets for the 
whole series. 

Associate Professor Francis W. Shep- 
ardson, of the Department of History, 
has accepted an invitation to give the 
commencement address at the University 
of Idaho on June 11. Mr. Shepardson 
made an address before the students of 
Iowa State College on April 27. 

Under the general title of Lessons in 
English, D. C. Heath & Co. have pub- 
lished two textbooks by Professor John 
M. Manly, head of the Department of 
English, and Miss Eliza R. Bailey, the 
first book, of about 300 pages, being 
entitled Language Lessons, and the 
second, of 350 pages. Composition and 
Grammar. Both volumes are illustrated. 



THE UNIVERSITY RECORD 



247 



Professor Ernst Freund, of the Law 
School, recently appeared before a com- 
mittee ol the Illinois legislature in favor 
oi a marriage bill drawr up by the con- 
ference of Commissioners on Uniform 
State Laws and approved by the Chicago 
Bar Association. The bill seeks to guard 
more closely the marriage contract. 

Professor Erick Marcks, of the Colonial 
Institute of Hamburg, Germany , gave at 
the University the second week in April 
a series of lectures in German on "Bis- 
marck and the German Empire." The 
first lecture discussed the subject of 
"Bismarck und das alte Deutschland," 
the second "Bismarck und die Gruend- 
ing des Reichs," and the last "Bis- 
marck und das neue Deutschland." 
Professor Marcks. who is the authorized 
biographer of Bismarck and a noted 
historian and educator, recently lectured 
before the leading universities of the East, 
and went from Chicago to the University 
of Wisconsin. 

Associate Professor Allan Hoben, of 
the Department of Practical Theology, 
recently gave the annual Hazlett lectures 
at Wesley College and the University of 
North Dakota, the general subject of the 
series being "The Religious Education 
of Boys." One of the results of a lecture 
in the law school of the latter institution 
on "The Organization of the Chicago 
Juvenile Court' was the formation of a 
society similar to the Juvenile Protective 
Association in ChicagD, of which Mr. 
Hoben is the field secretary. Professor 
Hoben is the author of the book pub- 
lished by the University of Chicago 
Press under the title of The Minister 
and the Boy. 

"A Revision of Social Psychology" 
was the subject of a University public 
lecture in the Harper Memorial Library 
on April 28 by Professor William Mc- 
Dougall. of Oxford University. 

Dr. James B. Herrick, of the Clinical 
Faculty of Rush Medical College, gave 
on April 29 the fifth of a series of lectures 
by members of that faculty before the 
medical students of the University, his 
subject being " Uses of the X-Ray in 
Diagnosis of Diseases of the Heart and 
Lungs." 

Recent contributions by the members 
of the Faculties to the journals published 
by the University of Chicago Press: 

Bu:k, Professor Carl D.: "The Inter- 
state Use cf the Greek Dialects," Clas- 
sical Philology, April. 



Burton, Professor Ernest D. (with 
A. K. Parker): "The Expansion of 
Christianity in the Twentieth Century," 
III, Biblical World, April. 

Coulter, Professor John M.: "What 
Biology Has Contributed to Religion," 
Biblical World, April. 

Eckerson, Sophia: "A Physiological 
and Chemical Study of After-Ripening" 
(contributions from the Hull Botanical 
Laboratory 170), with five tables. 
Botanical Gazette, April. 

Goodspeed, Associate Professor Edgar 
J.: "The Washington Manuscript of 
the Gospels," American Journal of 
Theology, April. 

Michelson, Professor A. A.: "Effect 
of Reflection from a Moving Mirror on 
the Velocity of Light," Astrophysical 
Journal, April. 

Parker,. Dr. Alonzo K. (with E. D. 
Burton) : "The Expansion of Christianity 
in the Twentieth Century," III, Biblical 
World, April. 

Thompson, Associate Professor James 
W.: "The Alleged Persecution of the 
Christians at Lyons in 177," American 
Journal of Theology, April. 

Recent addresses by members of the 
Faculties include: 

Ames, Assistant Professor Edward S.: 
"The Mysticism of Maeterlinck," 
Woman's Club, Wilmette, III.. April 16. 

Boynton, Assistant Professor Percy H.: 
Address on "The Lawyer," banquet of 
Chicago Bar Association, Hotel La Salle, 
April 16. 

Breckinridge, Assistant Professor 
Sophonisba P.: "Woman's Opportunity 
in the Modem City," Woodlawn 
Woman's Club, Chicago, April 8. 

Butler, Professor Nathaniel: "Voca- 
tional Education," Woman's Party of 
Cook County, Hotel La Salle, Chicago, 
April 4; "The School and the Com- 
munity," Parents and Teachers' Club, 
Wendell Phillips High School, Chicago, 
April 8. 

Chamberlain, Associate Professor 
Charles J.: "Scenes from Southern 
Mexico," Trumbull School, Chicago, 
April 18. 

Clark, Associate Professor S. H.: 
Silas Marner, Rock Island, III., April 11; 
"The Spirit of Literature," Moline, 111., 
April 11; "Interpretative Reading," 
Teachers' Federation, South Bend, Ind., 
April 21; Maeterlinck's Blue Bird, ibid., 
April 21. 

David, Assistant Professor H. C. E.: 



248 



THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE 



"Caracteres realistes du theatre du 
XVIIIeme siecle," Alliance Frangaise, 
Fxillerton Hall, Art Institute, Chicago, 
March 7; "Le degre de M. A., degre du 
professeur de frangais," Convention of 
Professors of French, College of the City 
of New York, March 28. 

Foster, Professor George B.: "The 
Philosophy of Nietzsche," Rockford, 
111., April 13. 

Hektoen, Professor Ludwig: "Some 
Phases of Immunity, with Special Refer- 
ence to Tuberciilosis," City Club, 
Chicago, April 16. 

Henderson, Professor Charles R.: 
"Social Conditions in India," Chicago 
Woman's Club, Fine Arts Building, 
April 16. 

Hoben, Associate Professor Allan: 
"Some City Conditions Unfavorable to 
Boys and Girls," City Welfare Exhibit, 
Austin High School, Chicago, April 17. 

Judd, Professor Charles H.: "Voca- 
tional Training in the Schools," Southern 
Illinois Teachers' Association, Centralia, 
111., April 4; Addresses, Carleton College, 
April 11,12. 

Judson, President Harry Pratt: Ad- 
dress at Farm Credits Conference, 
Chicago, April 10. 

Laughlin, Professor J. Laurence : " Mo- 
nopoly of Labor," Harper Memorial 



Library, University of Chicago, April 

Leavitt, Associate Professor Frank M.: 
"Vocational Guidance and the Manual 
Arts," meeting of Association of Teachers 
of Manual Arts, Kenosha, Wis., April 12. 

Marshall, Professor Leon C.: "The 
Relation of a School of Commerce to 
the Practical Problems of Business," 
dedication of Commerce Building at the 
University of Illinois, April 17. 

Millikan, Professor Robert A.: "Theo- 
ries of Electro-magnetic Radiation," 
Electric Club, Chicago, Hotel Sherman, 
April 17. 

Salisbury, Professor Rollin D.: "In 
and about Patagonia," Geographic So- 
ciety of Chicago, April 11. 

Sargent, Professor Walter: "The 
Cubist and the Post-Impressionist," 
Art Students' Club, Emmons Blaine 
Hall, University of Chicago, April 16. 

Starr, Associate Professor Frederick: 
"Liberia," Current Events Class, Con- 
gregational Church, Evanston, 111., April 6. 

Tarbell, Professor Frank B.: "Roman 
Portrait Statues," Mount Holyoke Col- 
lege, April 16. 

Tower, Associate Professor William 
L.: Address before the Pacific Associa- 
tion of Scientific Societies, San Francisco, 
Cal., April 12. 



ALUMNI AFFAIRS 



Chicago Alumni Club. — Eighty men 
attended the semiannual dinner of the 
Club, held in the ballroom of the Hotel 
LaSalle on Thursday, May i. The 
change from the University Club was 
made at the invitation of Harry J. 
Stone, '96, the manager of the LaSalle. 
Dinner was a buffet aflFair, eaten at 
small tables seating four and six. The 
baseball and track teams were guests of 
the Club. 

Speakers were the captains of the 
teams (Clarence Freeman, baseball; 
George Kuh, track; Norman Paine, 
basket-ball); John Schommer for the 
alumni; Deans Marshall and Lovett, 
and President Judson. The President 
discussed the various activities of the 
University as a whole. Plans for the 
new classical building, he said, had been 
approved by the Board of Trustees, and 
work would be commenced by July i. 
Sketch plans for the Geology building, 
and for the Women's Building, had been 
presented to the Board, and work upon 
these was expected to begin before snow 
flies. He spoke also of the purchase of 
the Louisville collection of historical 
documents, and of the experiments of 
the Department of Physics in determina- 
tion of the rigidity of the earth — experi- 
ments which include somewhat elaborate 
excavation near the Yerkes Observa- 
tory. Dean Marshall in a rapid and 
vigorous fashion outlined the work of 
the College of Commerce and Adminis- 
tration, and spoke briefly of its aims 
and hopes. Dean Lovett declared that 
the constant policy of the University 
to make the training of its students less 
casual, and the application of its require- 
ments equal, must result in stimulating 
the alumni to greater and finer loyalty. 

The evening was enlivened by solo and 
duet singing, the principal performers 
being Miss Vera Stanley of the LaSalle 
cabaret, assisted by R. C. Hamill, '99, 
and others. In the absence of President 
Richberg, a letter from whom was read, 
Vice-President Arthur Goes took charge, 
and announced the election of the fol- 
lowing officers for the ensuing year: 
President, Charles S. Winston, '96; 
Vice-President, Arthur Goes, '09; Secre- 
tary, Alvin Kramer, '08. 



Chicago Alumnae Club. — No one who 
heard "Spring Revels" suggested so 
casually at the February meeting of the 
Alumnae Club as the trade-name of its 
proposed elevated vaudeville could have 
foreseen how apt this name was to prove. 
The Spring Revels were revels indeed, and 
not the only revelers were the singers and 
dancers on the too-little stage of the 
Whitney. The spirit of the players — the 
good fun of the ballad singers and the 
chorus girls, the co-operation on stage 
and behind, when "lines" went wild, 
all this "esprit de corps" got across the 
footlights. Back to the actors flew the 
message that the audience was enjoying 
itself and the reunion occasion. When 
Edna of 1908 met Hazel of 1909, whom 
she had not seen since Convocation, who 
cared that it took Frank Parker and 
Alice Lee Herrick half an hour to drop 
back from Shaw to Milton? At night 
between the acts, the Women's Glee Club 
sang Chicago songs, while the baseball 
team, eighteen strong, manfully occupied 
boxes, but yelled not one yell at "that 
woman's show." At the close of the 
pro^m, all Chicago sang "Alma Mater" 
agamst an orchestra that could not 
catch the tune. 

Out in the box office, the Finance 
Committee had cause to revel — almost 
$600 cause, and no one can tell how 
many stock-yards district little girls or 
college big girls will revel in the right 
job found for them by the Vocational 
Guide of the University Settlement or 
the Chicago Collegiate Bureau of Occupa- 
tions, the beneficiaries of the Alumnae 
Club. 

The mere program would have gratified 
an audience which was not content to 
revel in each other — would justify the 
conventional superlatives of the home 
talent report. " Up Troublesome Creek " 
which opened the program set no troubled 
note. The act was a series of traditional 
Kentucky ballads staged at the Hawkins 
family reunion over the precarious return 
of the boys from the county jail. There 
they had learned some new ballads, some 
that Mother knew long ago, and the family 
sang the old-time songs with an abandon 
that gave no indication that the boys 
might be recaptured at any moment. 



249 



250 



THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE 



The songs were winning then, but it is 
only as the weeks go by, and one finds 
oneself whistling Fair Florilla, or patching 
together verses of the plaintive story 
of Lord Randal, that one realizes how 
charming the ballads are. " Loughbrowgh 
az Kanby" was perhaps as low brow as 
Margaret Rogers and Phoebe Bell Terry 
can be, but who dare call their "Recol- 
lections of the Future" low brow? 
Certainly the distortedly gowned Mrs. 
Terry on her futurist screen background, 
singing a cubist air to a post-impressionist 
accompaniment, was the most timely bit 
of the day. "How He Lied to Her 
Husband," reaUy much decenter (don't 
you know) than How She Lied, as it was 
advertised, is a typical Bernard Shaw 
bit of life, with a delightful crisis in which 
the Poet, having lied to her husband, 
suddenly lies at her husband's feet, 
that Shaw husband who resents the 
youth's denial that Mrs. Bumpus has 
inspired his verses to Aurora. The 
masque, L'Allegro, carried to the city an 
organized campus act — it had been the 
leading feature of the Florentine Carnival 
in February — and ended the afternoon in 
the spirit of the revels, the 

Haste thee, Nymph, and bring with thee 
Jest and Youthful Jollity" 

spirit of the poem we have all chanted. 

At the time when this issue of the 
Magazine goes to press it is still impossible 
to give a complete financial report upon 
the Spring Revels. The following state- 
ment however includes all of the chief 
items and is nearly enough complete to 
be of interest. The total expenses so 
far known amount to $461.60. The 
gross income to date is $1,091.90. It 
is probable that the bills will increase 
more than the item of income. But it 
may be safely said that the profits on the 
Spring Revels will be not less than $500 
and probably not more than $600. This 
statement ignores entirely the program, 
which contained sufficient advertising 
matter to pay for itself and produce a 
creditable profit for the Club. It is 
ignored here because the money due upon 
it has not all been collected, nor has 
the program itself been paid for. In the 
profit as set forth here is $70.15 gained 
from the candy sale. This was possible 
because the candy was a donation, which 
amounted to about $40. 

Ruth Reticker, '12 



Minnesota Alumni Club. — An informal 
outdoor meeting of the Club will be held 
Saturday afternoon and evening, May 24, 
at the home of President and Mrs. 
George E. Vincent, 1005 Fifth St. S.E., 
Minneapolis. The picnic spirit will 
prevail. Those attending will bring 
their own basket lunches. Games, con- 
tests, singing, and other open air diver- 
sions will be enjoyed. The Vincent 
residence, near the Campus of the Uni- 
versity of Minnesota, provides a most 
attractive setting for such an occasion. 
The house is large and inviting; the 
spacious yard which surrounds it, 
occupying almost an entire block and 
filled with tall trees, is a veritable park. 
Harvey B. Fuller, Jr., Secretary 

Japan Alumni Club. — 

H. B. Benninghoff writes from Waseda 
University, Ushigome, Tokyo, on March 
22, 1913: 

"The University of Chicago Club of 
the Empire of Japan, which usually holds 
its annual meeting on Washington's 
birthday, met this year on the 8th of 
March, in order to have the pleasure 
of meeting Dr. Henderson, who was at 
that time in Tokyo. It was an occasion 
of unusual good fellowship, in which 
twenty-five former students of the 
University met to honor the visiting 
professor, and renew our friendship for 
each other in talking over the good old 
days. The president of the Club, 
Dr. Asada, is, I believe, the first Doctor 
of Philosophy ever graduated from the 
University. The great majority of 
alumni are Japanese who occupy various 
educational and ecclesiastical positions 
in Tokyo and other centers. Wherever 
they are, they are a credit to our Alma 
Mater, living epistles of the Chicago 
school, which in these parts means a 
school of a distinctive type as well as 
place. 

"One of the features of the evening 
was a University exhibit, which consisted 
of circulars, books, photographs, pen- 
nants, badges, and announcements. 
Three of the members are from the Old 
University, and some of their pictures 
and reminiscences formed an interesting 
part of the program. 

"During the year we have had the 
pleasure of meeting Dr. H. L. Willett 
as he passed through Japan. Chicago 
guests are always welcome, and if they 



ALUMNI AFFAIRS 



251 



let us know that they are on their way 
around we try to show them a good 
time." 

News from the Classes. — 

1879 
Clarence N. Patterson is superin- 
tendent of agents for the Union Central 
Life Insurance Co. of Cincinnati, in 
Minneapolis, where his address is now 
the McKnight Building. 

1896 

A. E. McKinley, after graduation at 
Chicago, received a Doctor's degree in 
history from Pennsylvania in iqoo. 
Since that time he has been professor 
of history in Temple University, and since 
1904 dean. He is editor of the History 
Teacher's Magazine, president of the 
Association of History Teachers of the 
Middle States and Maryland, and mem- 
ber of many historical societies. He is 
the author of Suffrage Franchise in Eng- 
lish Colonies; Insular Possessions of the 
United Slates, and other volumes on 
historical and p>olitical science subjects. 
He is married and has four children. 
His address is 6901 German town Ave., 
Philadelphia. 

1897 

Evelyn M. Lovejoy, as historian of 
the Royal ton Historical Association, 
South Royalton, Vt., has issued a remark- 
able History of Royalton containing 1,168 
pages, and profusely illustrated. It has 
been called "the most complete and 
satisfactory town history ever published 
in America." 

Robert N. Tooker has left Spokane 
and has gone to Wilbur, Wash., where 
he will continue the practice of medicine. 

A Texas Steer, given by the ladies of 
the Fortnightly Club, under the direction 
of Miss Susan Bell, Saturday Evening, 
April 19, 1913, At Segerberg's Opera 
House, Telluride, Colorado. Cast: 
Maverick Brander, a Texas cattle king, 
Mr. Adkinson. 

This is "Ad." He writes: "The 
professionals had nothing on me as an 
actor." The last time he acted here, 
in The Deceitful Dean, he had very little 
on himself as an actor. 

1900 
Edwin D. Solenberger, secretary of the 
Philadelphia Alumni Club, is general 



secretary of the Children's Aid Society 
of Pennsylvania, with offices in the 
Charities Building, 419 S. 15th St., 
Philadelphia. Mr. Solenberger is also 
a lecturer in the Philadelphia Training 
School for Social Work; is treasurer of 
the Pennsylvania Conference of Charities 
and Correction, and a member of the 
Philadelphia Housing Commission. 

1902 

Grace Johnson (Mrs. Burton E. 
Livingston) is living at 2753 Marj'land 
Ave., Baltimore. She will sail for Eurojje 
in June to spend the summer. 

Mary Ethel Remick (Mrs. Irvin 
McDowell) is living at 7347 Harvard 
Ave., Chicago. 

W. Henry Elfreth, president of the 
Philadelphia Alumni Club, has recently 
opened law offices at 291 Broadway, 
New York City, in addition to his Phila- 
delphia offices in the Stephen Girard 
building, Philadelphia. 

George A. Young, '02, is selling bonds 
with R. L. Day & Co., Wall St., New 
York City. His home address is 95 
Columbia Heights, Brooklyn, N.Y. 

Frank B. Jewett, who was transmission 
and protection engineer in the American 
Telephone and Telegraph Co., was 
recently appointed assistant chief engin- 
eer of the Western Electric Co. 

Jldwin E. Slosson, office editor of the 
Independent, is a member of the Com- 
mittee of Arrangements of the Inter- 
national Civic Bureau. This bureau, 
which arranges European tours for 
civic studies, has for its purpose the 
closer union of civic and social studies 
between American and foreign countries 

1903 

Florence U. Jones has become joint 
proprietor, and manager, of the Bayou 
Inn,' at Griswolda, on Upper Hamlin 
Lake, near Ludington, Mich. 

Edwin B. Landis is pastor of the 
Presbyterian church of Dan vers. 111. 

Leon Pattison Lewis, '03 and '05 
(law), is engaged in the practice of law 
in Louisville, Ky. His office address 
is 417-18 Louisville Trust Building. 
He lives at the Chesterfield, 429 West 
Broadway. 

Donald R. Richberg has taken the 
position of general adviser of the legisla- 
tive Committee of the Progressive party, 



252 



THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE 



and will spend most of his time in Wash- 
ington and New York for the next year 
or two. He will not however give up 
the practice of law in Chicago. 

1904 

Charles D. Barta is with the banking 
house of Harris Forbes & Co., Pine and 
William St., New York. 

John A. Liggett is employed in the 
Bureau of Plant Industry, Department 
of Agriculture, Washington, D.C. He 
lives at 1444 West St., N.W. 

1905 
Miss Isabel Simerals is teaching in 
Barnard College. 

1906 

E. George Payne is professor of educa- 
tional psychology at the Teachers College 
of St. Louis. Since graduation he has 
spent much time abroad studying German 
schools. He has published System in 
German Schools, and An Experiment in 
Alien Labor, the last through the Uni- 
versity of Chicago Press. 

Harry L. James, ex-'o6, is a physician 
at 1203 S. 8th St., Springfield, 111. 

Elizabeth A. Young is teaching geog- 
raphy and history in Winona College at 
Winona Lake, Ind. 

Louise Cottrell, who has had charge 
of the Kenosha office of the United Chari- 
ties, recently resigned this position and 
is now living at the home of her sister 
in Maywood, 111. 

Emily Cox, now Mrs. George Northrup 
of Toronto, with her two-year-old son 
spent some weeks in Chicago at the home 
of Mrs. Northrup. They have again 
joined Mr. Northrup in Canada. Before 
taking this present position at the Uni- 
versity of Toronto, Mr. Northrup (Ph.D. 
'07) was instructor at Princeton Uni- 
versity. Address: 211 Cottingham St., 
Toronto, Canada. 

1907 

John W. Thomson, who received his 
medical degree in '09, is a physician in 
Garrett, Ind. His address is 116 W. 
King St. 

Charles D. Enfield is engaged in the 
practice of medicine in Jefferson, la. He 
is married and has one son. 

George W. Graves is in the surveying 
business in Spokane, Wash. 

William A. McDermid has found a 
congenial life-work in the advertising 



business. He is employed by the Service 
Recording Co., losth St. and Nickelplate 
Railroad, Cleveland, Ohio. 

Clara Boeke of Wyoming will sail for 
Europe in June, to be gone for six months. 

Frances Chandler (Mrs. L. W. Rogers) 
is living at 416 W. i22d St., New York. 
Mr. Rogers is studying for a Doctor's 
degree at Columbia. 

Edith Terry (Mrs. Bremmer) is assist- 
ing in settlement work in New York. 
Her address is also 416 W. 12 2d St. 

Meyer Mitchnick is now at 1520 S. 
Brown St., Dayton, Ohio. 

Edna V. Schmidt, who has been head 
of the chemistry department for the 
past year at the Superior, Wis., High 
School, will not return to Chicago. 
Mrs. Schmidt will join her daughter to 
establish their home in Superior. Present 
address: 15 11 N. 19th St. 

1908 

Inca Stebbins is doing the stenographic 
work at her father's insurance-law office 
in this city. 

Elsie Schobinger is an instructor in 
French at the Harvard School for boys 
in Chicago. 

Wilson A. Austin is in the shoe manu- 
facturing business in Omaha, Nebraska. 
His address is 131 S. 39th St. He is the 
inventor of several devices for improving 
the machinery used in the leather trade 
and in other fields. 

1909 

Alva W. Henderson, ex- '09, is secretary 
of the Chamber of Commerce, Colorado 
Springs, Colo. 

Harold J. Iddings, ex-'o9, is director of 
atheltics at Simpson College, Indianola, 
la. His home is in Merrillville, Ind. 

1910 

Lomira Perry is teaching at Kankakee 
High School. 

1911 

Hargrave A. Long is now secretary 
of the North Raymond Co., North 
Raymond, Me. 

Elizabeth Titzell, until recently secre- 
ary for the Little Theater Society, has 
left Chicago because of ill-health, to 
visit relatives in Pittsburgh. 

Charles Lee Sullivan, ex-'ii, is a sales- 
man for the Thresher Varnish Co. of 
Dayton, Ohio. He was recently married 
to Miss Fay Hopkins, a sister of Herbert 
G. Hopkins of the class of '12. 



ALUMNI AFFAIRS 



253 



1912 

Robert W. Baird is employed by the 
lumber department of the Anaconda 
Copper Mining Co., Bonner, Mont. 

John Elmer Thomas, ex-'i2, is em- 
ployed by the American Smelting and 
Refining Company, Sierra Mojada, Coa- 
huila, Mexico. His home address is 
403 Winthrop Ave., Toledo, Ohio. 

Emma May Miller is living at 5725 
Jackson Ave. She is engaged in the 
work of kindergarten directing and 
supervising. 

R. M. Mountcastle is practicing law 
at Fort Gibson, Okla. The firm name 
is Ortman & Mountcastle. 



Engagements. — 

1908 

The engagement is announced of 
Leo De Tray, '08, to Edna Weldon, '08. 
daughter of Mrs. John Weldon, 6025 
Jefferson Ave. The marriage will take 
place on June 28. 



Marriages. — 



1907 



Francis C. Pinkham, '07, was married 
on May 2 to Katherine Norton Brown, 
daughter of Mr. and Mrs. Alfred H. 



Brown of New York City. They will 
be at home after September i at 575 
Riverside Drive, New York. 

1908 
Helen McKee, '08, was married in 
August. 191 2, to Kennicott Brentoh, who 
is in charge of the "Homeless Men" 
department of the United Charities. 

1909 

Carl H. Lambach, '09, was married on 

April 18 to Louise Marie Thomsen, of 

Davenport, la. Mr. and Mrs. Lambach 

will live at 1910 Ripley St., Davenport. 



Deaths.— 



1907 



Mrs. J. W. Countermine (.\nna May 
Godley, '07) died in Des Moines, la., on 
April 6, 19 10. She was graduated from 
Albert Lea College in 1891; taught for 
four years in Buena Vista College, Storm 
Lake, la.; attended the University of 
Chicago in 1896 and 1897, and received 
the degree of Ph.B. in the latter year. 
In 1902 she married Rev. Dr. J. W. 
Countermine, then Presbyterian minister 
of Sac City, la. She is survived by her 
husband and one daughter, Ruth. 



THE ASSOCIATION OF DOCTORS OF PHILOSOPHY 



The report of the Committee of the 
Doctors' Association on greater co-opera- 
tion among the Doctors with respect to 
promotion to better positions has created 
a most cordial response from a large 
number of the members. Some of these 
responses will be incorporated in a general 
report on the subject to be presented at 
the annual meeting in June, and it is 
hoped that a somewhat extensive dis- 
cussion of the subject may be forthcoming 
at that time. If possible, the Secretary 
will have the proposed blank form for 
special registration of Doctors ready 
before then, so that they may be mailed 
to members in advance of the meeting. 
It is very evident that the members as a 
whole believe in the propositions set 
forth by the Committee and that much 
may be done by co-operation along the 
lines suggested. 

C. Everett Conant, '11, head of the 
Department of Modern Languages at 
the University of Chattanooga, read a 
paper entitled "Auxiliary Words in 
Emphatic Negation" at the annual 



meeting of the Tennessee Philological 
Association held at Murfreesboro, Tennes- 
see, February 21 and 22, 1913. 

Dr. L. L. Bernard, '10, of the Depart- 
ment of History and Social Science in the 
University of Florida published in the 
February Forum an article entitled "The 
Higher Criticism of Karl Marx," and 
at the request of the editor, Mr. Geoffrey 
Rhodes, wrote the final chapter in a book 
on Psychology to be published shortly 
in London. The chapter is entitled 
"The Application of Psychology to 
Social Problems." Dr. Bernard has 
recently been elected treasurer of the 
Florida Conference of Charities and 
Corrections for the ensuing year and has 
been appointed instructor in Sociology 
for the current year. 

Dr. Irving King, '96, of the Depart- 
ment of Education of the Iowa State 
University has in press a new book 
entitled "Education in Social Efficiency" 
to be published by D. Appleton & Co. 

S. B. Sinclair, Ph.D., '01, is dean of the 
School for Teachers at MacDonald 



2 54 



THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE 



College. He has originated this year an 
excellent plan for increasing the number 
of rural school teachers in the Province 
of Quebec, as follows: MacDonald 
CoUege is comprised of three schools, 
a School for Teachers, a School of 
Household Science, and a School of 
Agriculture. Dean Sinclair's plan is to 
give rural school certificates good for 
life to graduates of the School of Agri- 
culture who take loo hours pedagogical 
training; to students in the School of 
Agriculture who have completed two 
years of work and who take 200 hours 
pedagogical training; and to students 
of the School of Household Science who 
have completed the two years' course and 
who take 200 hours pedagogical training. 

C. J. Lynde, Ph.D., '05, professor of 
Physics at MacDonald College, P.Q., 
Canada, has this year published two 
papers on "Osmosis in Soil." The 
work described shows, (i) that clay 
soils act as semi-permeable membranes, 
(2) that water is moved through clay 
soils by osmotic pressure. 

The MacMillan Company during the 
month of February published a text on 
Household Bacteriology, written by 
Estella D. Buchanan and R. E. Buchanan 



'08. Dr. Buchanan is assistant pro- 
fessor of Bacteriology at Iowa State 
College, Ames, la. 

Dr. C. H. Gordon, '95, has organized 
a university club comprising university 
members from the faculty of the Univer- 
sity of Tennessee and other college men 
of the city of Nashville. Dr. Gordon 
is the president of the club. He is also 
director of the National Conservation 
Exposition to be held in NashviUe in the 
coming autumn and is chairman of the 
Department of Mines and Minerals. 
This exposition is designed to have a 
high educational value in the way of 
directing attention toward the conserva- 
tion of natural and human resources. 

Dr. H. E. Buchanan, '09, is professor 
of Mathematics in the University of 
Tennessee, Knoxville, Tenn. 

Dr. Edmund C. Buckley, '94, has 
just concluded a tour of the world as 
conductor of an educational party whose 
chief interest was the study of art. This 
is Dr. Buckley's second tour of the world 
and his fourth over Europe on such a 
mission. He has been greatly impressed 
with the art, architecture, and natural 
scenery of Asia as compared with those 
of Europe. 



UNDERGRADUATE AFFAIRS 



ATHLETICS 



Baseball. — ^The baseball season began 
conspicuously with three successive 
victories, over Iowa on April i6 (12-7), 
Northwestern on April 19 (13-1), and 
Indiana April 26 (5-1). Defeat by- 
Minnesota on April 28 (3-7) was unex- 
pected, but a 6-4 victory over North- 
western on May 10 still leaves Chicago in 
the lead in the Conference at the present 
writing, May 12. The remainder of the 
schedule follows: 
May 14, Purdue at Chicago. 

" 17, Illinois at Champaign. 

" 21, Wisconsin at Madison. 

" 24, Illinois at Chicago. 

" 31, Wisconsin at Chicago. 
June 3, Purdue at Lafayette. 

For the April games the team was made 
up as follows: Baumgardner, Carpenter, 
and Kixmiller, pitchers; Mann, catcher; 
Norgren, first base; Scofield, second base; 
Catron, short stop; Des Jardien, third 
base; Gray, Stains, Harger, and Bohncn, 
outfielders. Capt. Freeman has been 
declared ineligible by the faculty, on 
account of trouble with his studies; 
Libonati and Cummins also. Carpenter, 
Mann, Norgren, Scofield, Catron, and 
Harger are veterans of last year; the 
others are from last year's Freshmen 
team. Gray is the football man who 
made his reputation at Madison. 

Baumgardner has done all that was 
expected of him in the box. With Iowa 
he went in with the score 7-3 against 
Chicago, and held the lowans down hit- 
less and runless for the remainder of the 
game. Northwestern and Indiana got a 
run apiece from him, both on errors. 
Kixmiller, another Sophomore, shows 
some promise. For seven innings he 
blocked Minnesota's attack, then weak- 
ened. Baiungardner went in cold, hit 
the first batsman, allowed two singles, 
and so lost the game. The fault, how- 
ever, was not either his or Kixmiller's so 
much as the team's. Eight errors were 
made, enough to throw 3way any ball- 
game. Baumgardner is big and strong, 
can pitch three times a week and be at 
his best, and should do better and better 
as the season goes on. Mann catches 
only fairly well and throws wretchedly. 



His arm seems almost dead. Des 
Jardien has been practiced behind the 
bat and will probably be used in some of 
the later games. He throws like a bullet 
but is inexperienced and therefore slow. 
Norgren is doing only fairly well at first; 
in the Iowa game his work was ridiculous 
but he is improving. Scofield at second 
is better than he was last year, when he 
was tried at short. Catron can be 
counted on for at least one error per 
game; against Minnesota he made three. 
If he could overcome his habit of throw- 
ing the ball before he has stopped it he 
would do better. Des Jardien at third 
base fields well, and adds strength by his 
spirit. All in all, the tall young man is 
one of the most excellent athletes Chicago 
has had in years. Gray and Stains are 
very fast, and fairly sure; Bohnen and 
Harger are slower, but not slow, and they 
hit hard. The team as a whole is much 
better in the box and in the outfield than 
last year, about the same at first and 
third, and weaker at second, short, and 
behind the bat. Mr. Page's coaching is 
excellent. Games are played almost 
every day with semi-professional teams, 
and the experience thus gained is valu- 
able. The outlook for the season is fair. 
There is not a first-rate team in the Con- 
ference this year, and victories and 
defeats are likely to be common to all. 

Track. — The track schedule began on 
April 19 with the races at DesMoines, in 
which Chicago (Parker, Breathed, 
Matthews, Kuh) captured first in the 
mile relay in 3 : 27I. Illinois did not send 
a team. At Philadelphia, April 26, the 
same four finished fourth in the mile relay. 
Illinois winning in 3:22?, Pennsylvania 
being second, and Dartmouth third. 
Thomas vaulted 11-6, but did not place. 
Ward qualified in the 100-yard dash, 
winning his heat in loj seconds. But 
finished fifth in the final. The schedule is 
as follows: 
May 10, Northwestern at Chicago. 

" 24, Illinois at Chicago. 
June 7, Conference Meet at Madison. 

The Interclass meet will be held on 
Friday, June 6, and the Interscholastic on 



25s 



UNDERGRADUATE AFFAIRS 



257 



Saturday, June 7, the day of the Con- 
ference meet. The team is in general 
charge of Phihp Comstock, '11; Dr. W. J. 
Monilaw is looking after the weight men. 
Tryouts were held on Saturday, May 3. 

Tennis. — ^The tennis schedule follows: 

May 13, Northwestern at Evanston. 

" 16, East End Tennis Club at Cleveland. 

" 17, Oberlin at Oberlin. 

" ig, Ohio State at Columbus. 

" 20, Ohio Wesleyan at Delaware. 

" 29, Conference at Chicago. 
June 6, Ohio State at Chicago. 

The captain is C. C. Stewart, '13. 
Squair, '14, and Green, '14, are, with 
Stewart, the backbone of the team. 
Sellers, '13, Coulter, '15, Baker, '15, and 
Tolman, '15, are the other leading can- 
didates. Bohnen, '15, who played last 
year, is on the baseball nine, and Paul 



Hunter, '14, is ineligible. The Conference 
championship is practically a certainty, 
as Armstrong of Minnesota, the usual 
stumbling block, has entered Harvard. 

Football. — ^The schedule for 1913 is as 
follows: 

Oct. 4, Indiana at Chicago. 

" 18, Iowa at Chicago. 

" 25, Purdue at Chicago. 
Nov. I, Illinois at Chicago. 

" 8, Northwestern at Evanston. 

" 15, Minnesota at Minneapolis. 

" 22, Wisconsin at Chicago. 

This includes the same opponents as last 
year. In arrangement, however, it is 
better, and indeed ideal. Only one game 
is played at a distance, and the Wisconsin 
game, which should be the hardest, comes 
last, and at Chicago. No spring practice 
will be held. 



GENERAL 



Arthur Goodman, '14, has been elected 
captain of the swimming team. The 
gymnastic team, under Capt. Parkinson, 
had an excellent season, defeating Illinois 
in a dual meet and taking second in the 
Conference meet. Merrill, Rhodes 
scholar next year, lost in fencing to the 
Wisconsin representative. This was his 
last appearance for Chicago, and his first 
defeat. 

The spring quarter on the quadrangles 
has been so far an interesting one. The 
various classes are all meeting once a 
week for class luncheons, with large 
attendances and great enthusiasm. The 
Undergraduate Council is actively in- 
vestigating the "point system" of dis- 
tributing undergraduate officers, with a 
view to putting it into practice at the 
University. The Dramatic Club re- 
peated, on April 19, its performance of 
Don to an appreciative but again a small 



audience. The Club has in the past year 
done the best work of its existence. The 
Blackfriar performance, The Pranks of 
Paprika, was staged May 2 and 3, 9 and 
10, to large houses. The Literary 
Monthly issued on .April 30 a second 
successful number. The campus ath- 
letics have included an interfratemity 
baseball series, a faculty-University ten- 
nis match; and a series of faculty- 
Senior baseball games not yet con- 
cluded. Unusually pleasant weather 
has contributed to the pleasure of the 
season. 

The Senior Class propose as their gift 
to the University a relief map, in brass 
on cement, of the grounds and buildings 
of the University. The map, if given, 
will be placed in Harf>er Court. It should 
constitute perhaps the most individual 
gift yet made by a class, and one of the 
most useful. 



ADDRESSES WANTED 



Information should be sent 
ALUMNI 



1871 
Ellis S. Chesbrough 

1872 
James Paul Thoms 

1893 
Clarence Hubert Woods 

1895 
Herman Charles Henderson 

1896 
Franklin Johnson Jr. 



to Frank W. Dignan, Secretary 
ALUMNAE 

1880 
Julia Hawley Coon 

1894 
Florence Marcy Walker 



189s 



Aletheia Hamilton 



Marion Vernon Cosgrove (Mrs. Thomas 

E. Wilson) 
Theodosia Kane (Mrs. Merle F. Esh- 

bough) 



Harold Ernest Anderson 



Harry Riggs Wolcott 

1900 
Aaron B. Cohn 
James Hannan Jr. 
Albert Luther Ward 

1901 
Alden Henry Hadley 

1902 
John Raymond Carr 
Merton Maugha Mann 

1903 
John Joseph Vollertsen 

1904 
William Henry Bryan 
Edwin Elbert Thompson 

1905 
Robert Young Jones 

1906 
John Colwell Paine 
John Wesley Henninger 

1907 
Robert Bain Hasner 
Ralph Bernard Henley 
Ralph Howard Mowbray 



Delia Austrian 

N. Blanche Lenington 



Edna Bevans (Mrs. Fred R. Tracy) 
Jessamine Blanche Hutchinson (Mrs. 
(Mrs. W. C. Beer) 

1900 
Laura Estelle Watson Benedict 
Otie Eleanor Betts (Mrs. Mortimer B. 
Parker) 

1902 
Bijou Babb (Mrs. Fred T. Parker) 
Ruth E. Moore 

1903 
Sarah Pamelia Allis (Mrs. Enos A. 

DeWaters) 
Ella M. Donnehy (Mrs. John T. Bunting) 
Alice Mabel Gray 
Renata Shull 
Elizabeth Sophia Weirick 

1904 
Mary Virginia Garner 
Georgia Etherton Hopper 
Bertha Bradford McCloud (Mrs. Albert 

Carter) 
Caroline C. Lamont 

1905 
Cecil Seldie Clark 
Ruth Eleanor Graves 



258 



ADDRESSES WANTED 



259 



ALUMNI — Continued 

1909 
Archibald Mowbray Burnham 
Herbert Kimmel 
Aram Serkis Yeretzian 

1910 
Harry Huntington Bamum 
Ezra Casper Bostick 
William Henry Jamieson 
Robert Lewis Irvine Smith 

1911 
Robert William Flack 

1912 
Jesse Beers 

Henry Albert Foster 
Clarence Edward Johnson 
Arthur Manford Nichelson 
Thorlief Wathne 



ALUMNAE— Co»//h tied 

Violet Millis 

Alma Genevieve Beemer 

1906 
Florence May Bush (Mrs. Walter Gore 

Mitchell) 
Carrie Pierpont Currens (Mrs. J. Napier 

Wallace) 
Olga Maude Jacobson 
Bertha Elizabeth Pierce 
Muriel Schenkenburg (Mrs. Frank W. 

AUen) 

1907 
Ivy Irene Brown (Mrs. Guy C. Kinna- 

man) 
Bessie Marie Carroll (Mrs. S. A. Winsor) 

1908 
Jean Standish Barnes 
Mary Paulding Bamett 
Sarah Lincoln Doubt 
Mary Fiske Heap 
Grace Mills 
Edith Moore 
Bemice May Warren 

1909 
Virginia Harrington .\dmiral 
Mrs. Minnie Mars .Arnold 
Elizabeth Emily Erickson 
Mrs. Marcia Stewart Hargis Janson 
Ruth Elizabeth Wilson 



1910 
Geneva Katie Bateman 
Hattie Marie Fisch 
Emma Harriet Sidenburg 
Mary Margaret Tibbets 

1911 
Olive Louise Hagley 
Juliet Hammond 

1912 
Ida Dorothy Pritchett 



LAW 



1906 
Charles Edward Gallup 



Roy H. Hunter 



Virgil A. Crum 



Ezra L. Baker 



1907 



1908 



1909 



Evans Paul Barnes 
James Pickney Pope 

1910 
Fleming Dillard Hedges 
James Albert Knowlton 



Tsung Hua Chow 



1912 



1913 



Phares Gross Hess 



26o 



THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE 
DIVINITY 



1890 
Thomas Rowland (re-enacted 1898) 



Edward Rufus Curry 
1892 

Delno Chauncey Henshaw 
1900 

Luther Parker Russell 



1901 
Frederich Almon Beyl 

1904 
Julian Foster B lodge tt 

1913 
Charles Francis Yoder 



DOCTORS OF PHILOSOPHY 



Fulton Johnson Coffin 
Wallace Apple ton Beatty 

1905 
Edwin DeForest Butterfield 
Etoile Bessie Simons 

1906 
Edith Abbott 

1909 

Marion Lee Taylor 



1910 
Ivan Lee Holt 
Arthur Howard Sutherland 

1911 
Frances Fenton 
Mary Holmes Stevens Hayes 

1912 
Charles Herman Viol. 



>^/ 




HARRY PRATT JUDSON 
President 



%i.2 



The University of Chicago 
Magazine 



Volume V 



JUNE 1913 



Number 8 



OF AGE IN SERVICE 

EDITORIAL NOTE 

This special number of the Magazine explains itself. The July issues will contain, 
besides the usual departments, a review of Spring Athletics, an account of the Eighty- 
seventh Convocation, and the Convocation address. — Editor. 



The University opened its doors to students on October i, 1892. 
Of the members of the faculty who offered courses that autumn, thirty- 
seven are now completing their twenty-first year of active service. They 
have come of age in the University. The list, in alphabetical order, 
follows: 



Francis A. Blackburn 
Carl D. Buck 
Ernest D. Burton 
Clarence F. Castle 
Thomas C. Chamberlin 
Charles Chandler 
Solomon H. Clark 
Starr W. Cutting 
William G. Hale 
Robert F. Harper 
Charles R. Henderson 
Emil G. Hirsch 
George C. Howland 



Edwin O. Jordan 
Harry P. Judson 
J. Laurence Laughlin 
David J. Lingle 
William D.MacClintock 
Albert A. Michelson 
Frank J. Miller 
Eliakim H. Moore 
Richard G. Moulton 
John U. Nef 
Ira M. Price 
RoUin D. Salisbury 
Ferdinand Schevill 



Francis W. Shepardson 
Paul Shorey 
Albion W. Small 
\. Alonzo Stagg 
Frederick Starr 
Julius Stieglitz 
Marion Talbot 
Benjamin S. Terry 
James H. Tufts 
Clyde W. Votaw 
Jacob W. A. Young 



Others now connected with the University were present in the autumn 
of 1892; but either they were students, like H. G. Gale, '96, or Associate 
Professor J. W. Thompson; or else, like Professor Nathaniel Butler, 
their service here has been interrupted by work in other institutions. 

263 



264 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE 

Concerning each of the thirty-seven now completing their twenty-first 
year of teaching at Chicago, a brief statement follows. In some cases 
it is accompanied by a bit of reminiscence. As before, the alphabetical 
order is preserved, save in the case of President Judson. 

Of these thirty-seven original appointees who are still in service, three 
came as readers, two as docents, two as associates, three as instructors, 
eleven as assistant professors, three as associate professors, seven as full 
professors, and six as professors and heads of a department. Four began 
their teaching career here — Jordan, Schevill, Stieglitz, and Votaw; and 
Young had taught but one year, in an academy. The others came from 
fifteen different institutions, and five of them direct from graduate 
study here or abroad. Five were ministers, two of whom. Dr. Henderson 
and Dr. Hirsch, were actively preaching at the time they were called. 
Chamberlin was president of Wisconsin, and Small of Colby. Michelson 
and Nef came from Clark, and by their recommendation Jordan, 
Stieglitz, and Young, all Clark graduate students. Moulton, Clark, 
Starr, and MacClintock Dr. Harper had met through Chautauqua; 
Chandler, Castle, Miller, and Shepardson he knew of through his asso- 
ciations with Denison; Buck, R. F. Harper, Stagg, and Schevill were 
Yale men. Of the group, five are foreign-born, including Miss Talbot, 
whose parents, however, were American. Thirty-three are married. 
Their average age on appointment was thirty-four; the oldest — Profes- 
sor Chamberlin — was forty-nine, and the youngest. Dr. Schevill, was 
twenty-four. Ten were over forty, seventeen between thirty and forty, 
ten under thirty. Three of the thirty-seven were appointed in Semitics> 
three in Latin, three in history, three in sociology, three in English, two 
in Greek, two in philosophy, two in mathematics, two in chemistry, two 
in geology, two in New Testament literature, and one each in science 
political economy, domestic science, oriental languages, German, French, 
general literature, bacteriology, physiology, public speaking, and athletics. 
No appointees of 1892 appear in tjie departments of psychology, educa- 
tion, history of art, comparative religion, astronomy, zoology, anatomy, 
paleontology, or botany; but some of these have been created since. 
Of the group all except Dr. Hirsch, Dr. Lingle, Mr. Michelson, Mr. 
Salisbury, and Mr. Tufts were present at the first chapel service, held 
in the east end of Cobb, in the room now remodeled into offices, on 
October i, 1892. 

Harry Pratt Judson was born in Jamestown, N.Y., December 20, 
1849; received an A.B. from Williams College in 1870; and came to 
the University as Professor of Political Science, from the University of 



^ift Bntbecsits of €l)tcaBO. 



THE GRADUATE SCHOOL AND THE COLLEGES. 



TIME SCHEDULE 

FOR THE AUTUMN QUARTER. 1892. 



The floon of Cobb Lecture Halt are lettered, beginHing Kith the ground floor oa A. The r.Miiii are nHmberrit 



Rr.MARKS.— 1. Counes in bracketa are for the Academic Collat*. 2. The followini; Couraes will be 
arranged privately in conference with the atudenU: 7. 16. 17. 29. 33, 5t-«6. 80, 61. 7^ 76. IB lOJ. 100-11.% 118- 
130. 122. 126-128, 1.30. 1.32, 133, and in general, the laboratory work in Biology. Instructors are requested to 
report the arrangement of these Courses to the Recorder by October 5th. .3. No change may bo made in this 
Schedule by an instructor without the perniiasion at tbe University Council. 





• 39 


9 3» 


10^30 


II. 3D 


ia:3» 


»3» 


3:3» 


1 Philosopbr. 

01,10-12 




1.4a 


2 


4b 


n 

* 

I 

7 


3 


5,0 


■1. Political Economr. 
C.iJ9 


l»l 


121) 




8 


10 


9 


1. Political Scieac*. 

C5-9 






14. 15 


13 


11.12 




1 History. C3-8 


19,24.25.26 


20. 22a. 23a 




19. 24 


27.28 


122. 231 


j. Social Scicoc*. 

Ci-8 


31 


38 


.34 


Xt 


30 




6. Comparative Relic- 
ion. 














7 Semitic. 13-17 


43, 44. 4G, 47. 

SO 


42.45 


48.49 


X. .37. 1.% 44. 
46. 47. 50. 51 


.19, 40. 41 


.18. .-». to 


<* Biblical Greek. 1 
D10 12 1 


SS 










■J, Comparative Philol- 
ogy. U2 8 


r.3 (Minor) 


1 

1 


Witnimilie 

Wuilrr Wu«r 

Irr 1 






10. Creek. B2 8 


11.21 


.-,7 


58 


|l.*l 


SO 




11. Latin. B'iS 


l«l 


,:i •..-., 


C3.04 


02.05 

l«.T| 


|3.«.0) 




t2..Roaunc«. B 12-16 


[H 71. 72 


t)8 


00.70 


|9. 81. 71. 72 


00 


in 


1.3. Germanic. B 12-16 


|10| 


("1 


|l:l| 


jiaui 


74 


1121.75 


It. English. B9-11 


8:1.84 


77. *>»»,. 
•81b 


82.»H0b. 
•81b 


8:U81 


|I5|.|10.P8 


ItlOb). 7;> 


l.j. Biblical Literaturt. 
DIO 12 


00 


|17|.85. 87 


80 


90 


88.89 


(IK. I9| 


10. Mathematics. 

C 1.3-17 


91.92 




in, 94 


95 


124. 251 




17 Astronomy. 

Oliservatory 




o<; 






97 




!•< Physics. 

Science Hall 


1 


|2C, 27| 


|30| 


128. 29) 




l'.>. Chemistry. 

Science Hall 


Iftj 




(.311.104.108 


l.iu 101. loa 

107. 1U8 


131 1. lat. Ill) 

106. 107. 1(H 


20. Geology. 

Science Hall 




|.32| 


114 


115 


116 




21. Biology. 

Science Hall 


121. 123 


129. 1.34. 1.35 






125.131 


|331 


22. tPhysical Culture. 
Dl 














23. Elocution. Dl 










§134) 





^ hra. a wcrk. Duublr Hit 



Mr. Suscsnd Mis* Foator will be in tlinir office from 9: 30 to 11:30. Special arraosameaU witi he mrnic for work. 



1 Mr. Susi 
I AU ituda 



leaU ia the aecood year of the .Vcadeitiic College will report to Mr. Clark 



266 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE 

Minnesota. He received the degree of A.M. from Williams in 1883, and 
of LL.D. from Williams in 1893, Queens University of Ontario in 1903, 
State University of Iowa and Washington University in 1907, Western 
Reserve and Harvard in 1909, and the University of Michigan in 191 1. 
He was made Head of the Department of Political Science and Dean 
of the Faculties in 1894, Acting President in 1906, and President in 
1907. He was married, January 14, 1879, to Rebecca A. Gilbert, and 
has one daughter, Alice Cleveland (Mrs. Gordon J. Laing). He lived 
during his first year of residence here principally at hotels; subsequently 
for a number of years at 5801 Washington Avenue. His present address 
is The President's House, 1146 E. 59th Street. 

"As I was engaged for four months (June, July, August, September) with Dr. 
Harper in trying to get the new University organized, my first impression can hardly 
be identified. Oui* offices that summer were at 121 2 Chamber of Commerce. We 
were extremely busy, as we were anxious that the opening day, October i, 1892, 
should find the organization so complete that there would be no confusion, and that 
■matters should move on as quietly and smoothly as if the institution had been in 
operation for ten years. These plans were carried out successfully. On that opening 
day students had been registered, classes formed, lessons assigned, instructors were 
in their places, and no one from the quiet procedure would have realized that it was a 
new university which was just beginning. At noon trustees, faculty, and students 
met in Cobb chapel for a simple rehgious service — there were no speeches." 

Francis Adelbert Blackburn was born in 1846; received an 
A.B. from the University of Michigan in 1868; and came to the Uni- 
versity from the University of Leipzig, Germany, where he took the 
degree of Ph.D. in 1892. From 1892 to 1896 he was Assistant Professor 
in the English Language; since 1896, Associate Professor. He has 
published, besides many articles in philological journals, an edition of 
the Old English poems "Exodus" and "Daniel." Professor Blackburn 
retires at the end of the current quarter — the only one of the thirty- 
seven to be lost to the University. Professor Blackburn has been 
married twice. His first wife died July 8, 1900. On June 19, 1902, 
he married Harriet R. Blackburn. He has two sons, John Francis and 
Herbert. The first year he lived at 5521 Madison Avenue. His present 
address is 1228 E. Fifty-sixth Street. 

"The only impression of the first year that remains with me is that of the closer 
intimacy and more close relations with my colleagues in the Faculty and with the 
general body of students. This was the result in part, no doubt, of the smaller number 
of members of the University; in part, perhaps, of the pressure of the World's Fair, 
which compelled us to find food and lodging wherever we could and furnished a bond 
of sympathy like that of soldiers in the field." 



OF AGE IN SERVICE 267 

Carl Darling Buck was born in Orland, Me., October 2, 1866; 
received from Yale an A.B. in 1886, and a Ph.D. in 1889; came to 
Chicago direct from study in Germany, as Assistant Professor of San- 
skrit and Indo-European Comparative Philology, was made Associate 
Professor in 1894, Professor in 1903, and in the same year Head of his 
Department. He has published Grammars of Oscan and Umbrian; 
An Introduction to the Study of Greek Dialects; Hale and Buck's Latin 
Grammar (with W. G. Hale) ; and a Sketch of Linguistic Conditions in 
Chicago. He was married in 1889 to Miss Clarinda Darling Swazey, 
and has two sons, Carl and Howard, and a daughter, Clarinda. He 
lived, during his first year of residence, at 5481 Kimbark Avenue; but 
his present address is 5733 Lexington Avenue, with a summer home 
at Bucksport, Me. 

" I remember chiefly a spirit of hopefulness and energy amid surroundings of utter 
desolation." 

Ernest DeWitt Burton, born in Granville. Ohio. February 4, 
1856, was graduated A.B. from Denison University in 1876, and from 
Rochester Theological Seminary in 1882. He was given the degree of 
D.D. by Denison in 1897 and by Oberlin in 191 2. He came to Chicago 
from Newton Theological Institution, as Professor and Head of the 
Department of New Testament Literature and Interpretation. Since 
1910 he has been also Director of the University Libraries. On Decem- 
ber 28, 1883, he married Miss Frances Mary Townson, and has one 
daughter, Margaret E. Burton. When he came to Chicago he lived at 
5519 Madison Avenue; but his present address is 5525 Woodlawn 
Avenue. His summer home is at Charlevoix. In 1908-9, he was a 
Commissioner of the University for the Study of Oriental Education. 
He has published: Moods and Tenses in the New Testament in Greek; 
Harmony of the Gospels (with W. A. Stevens); Studies in the Life of 
Christ (with Shailer Mathews); Records and Letters of the Apostolic Age; 
Short Introduction to the Gospels; Principles of Literary Criticism and Their 
Application to the Synoptic Problem; and Studies in the Gospel of Mark. 

"My first sight of the University quadrangles was in January, 1892, when I drove 
out 57th St., through mud half-way to the hubs, and saw the walls of Cobb Hall rising 
above ground. There were hardly more than half a dozen houses at this time in the 
area bounded by Kimbark and Ingleside avenues, 55th and 6ist streets; and these 
on the outer fringe. October i, carpenters were still at work in Cobb Hall, and 
ceased their hammering only long enough to permit the very impressive first chapel 
service to be held in measurable quiet. One of the strong impressions was the youth 
of the faculty. I came from a school in which I was the youngest member of the 
faculty, to find three-fourths of my colleagues here younger than I." 



268 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE 

Clarence Fassett Castle, born in 1859, was graduated A.B. from 
Denison University in 1880, and received the degree of Ph.D. from 
Yale in 1888. From 1888 to 1892 he was professor of Greek in Bucknell 
University. He came to Chicago as Assistant Professor of Greek, and 
was made Associate Professor in 1895. From 1898 to 1905 he was a 
Dean in the Junior Colleges. 

Thomas Chrowder Chamberlin, born at Mattoon, 111., September 
25, 1843, was graduated A.B. from Beloit College in 1866; and received 
the degrees of A.M. from Beloit in 1869, Ph.D. from the Universities of 
Michigan and Wisconsin in 1882, LL.D. from the University of Michi- 
gan, Beloit College, and Columbian University in 1887, and the Univer- 
sity of Wisconsin in 1904; and Sc.D. from Illinois in 1905. He came to 
Chicago from the presidency of the University of Wisconsin, which he 
had held since 1887. He was geologist to the Peary expedition of 1894; 
president at various times of the Chicago Academy of Science, Illinois 
Academy of Science, and the American Association for the Advancement 
of Science; besides consulting geologist of the United States and the 
Wisconsin Geological Surveys, and commissioner of the Illinois Geologi- 
cal Survey. He is a trustee of Beloit College. He has published over 
one hundred volumes and articles, of which may be mentioned Reports 
on the Geology of Wisconsin; Reports to U.S. Geological Survey; Reports 
to Carnegie Institution; Year Books I-XI, including the Planetesimal 
Hj^othesis; a treatise on geology, in three volumes, and a textbook 
in one volume (both with R. D. Salisbury). His residence the first 
year at the University was on Madison Avenue; but for a long time 
he has lived both winter and summer at the Hyde Park Hotel. He 
was married on December 24, 1867, to Miss Alma Isabel Wilson, and 
has one son, RoUin Thomas. 

"I had one strong impression in 1892 — that we were at the beginning of things, 
in many senses, and the outcome would be — what we made it." 

Charles Chandler was born in Pontiac, Mich., January 15, 1850. 
He was graduated A.B. from the University of Michigan in 1871, and 
received an A.M. from the same institution in 1874. From 1876 to 
1 89 1 he was professor of Latin at Denison University, coming to Chicago 
in 1892 as Professor of Latin. He married in 1876 Miss Adelaide 
Isadore Murray, and has one son. 

Solomon Henry Clark was born in New York City July 21, 1861. 
He came to Chicago from Trinity University, where he had been lecturer 
on public speaking, 1888-92. He was Reader in Elocution at Chicago 




G. C. Rowland 
E. D. Burton 



J892 

S. H. Clark 
W. G. Hale 



S. W. Cutting 
T. C. Chamberun 



270 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE 

from 1892 to 1894; Instructor from 1894 to 1897, in which year also he 
was graduated, Ph.B.; Assistant Professor from 1897 to 1901, when he 
was appointed Associate Professor. His home in the first year at Chicago 
was at 4251 Lake Avenue; at present he lives at 5761 Washington Avenue, 
with a summer home at Chautauqua, N.Y. On August 19, 1889, he 
married Miss Annie Maud Fralick, and he has four sons, Barrett Harper, 
Robert Elliott, Coleman Goldsmith, and Harold Richards. He has 
published How to Teach Reading in the Public Schools; Principles of 
Vocal Expression and Literary Interpretation; Practical Public Speaking; 
and a Handbook of the Best Readings. 

Starr Willard Cutting, born in West Brattleboro, Vt., October 14, 
1858, came to Chicago from Earlham College, Ind., where he was 
acting professor of French and German. He had been graduated A.B. 
from Williams College in 1881; received an M.A. in 1882, and from 
Johns Hopkins the degree of Ph.D. in 1892. Assistant Professor of 
German here from 1892 to 1894, he was made Associate Professor in 
1894, Professor in 1900, and Head of the Department in 1906. His 
principal publications include: Neidhart von Reuenthal and Berthold 
Steinmar von Klingnau; Faust's First Monologue and the Earth-Spirit 
Scene in the Light of Recent Criticism; A Critical Study of Lessing's 
Theory of the Drama; The Modern German Relatives Das and Was; Con- 
cerning Schiller's Treatment of Fate and Dramatic Guilt in His ^'Braut 
von Messina"; Robert Wesselhoeft, a Biography. Professor Cutting 
married in September, 1889, Miss Mary Edith Derby, and has three 
children, Winifred, Edith, and Clifton Derby. He lived, in his first 
year of residence, at 5606 Ellis Avenue. His present home is at 5423 
Greenwood Avenue; his summer residence, at Brattleboro, Vt. 

"I was chiefly impressed by the wide discrepancy between the scant physical 
equipment of the University in 1892 and the sincerity and manifest earnestness of both 
students and faculty in the work of the first Quarter. This was all the more impressive 
because of the quiet, matter-of-fact swing of all this new activity, as if the launching 
of a university were but a minor item of Chicago's program, in a year that witnessed 
all the important preparations for the World's Fair of 1893." 

William Gardner Hale, born in Savannah, Ga., February 9, 1849, 
was graduated A.B. from Harvard in 1870, and received the degree of 
LL.D. from Union College in 1895, Princeton in 1896, Aberdeen and 
St. Andrews in 1907. He came to Chicago as Professor and Head of the 
Department of Latin from Cornell University, where for twelve years 
he had been professor of Latin. In his first year at Chicago he lived at 






1913 




S. W. Cutting 


T. C. Chamberlin 


G. C. Rowland 


E. D. Burton 


W. G. Hale 


S. H. Clark 



272 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE 

5833 Monroe Avenue; subsequently on Lexington Avenue; his home 
for some time has been at 5749 Kimbark Avenue. His summer 
home is Aguiden Lodge, Moosehead Lake, Me. On June 13, 1883, 
he married Miss Harriet Knowles Swinburne; they have four chil- 
dren, Swinburne, Virginia, Margaret, and Gardner. Professor Hale's 
principal publications include the following: On the History of Syntax: 
A Century of Metaphysical Syntax; The Heritage of Unreason in Syntacti- 
cal Method; Comparative Syntax: Leading Mood-Forces in the Indo- 
European Parent Speech; Leading Case-Forces in the Indo-European 
Parent Speech; The Anticipatory Subjunctive in Greek and Latin; The 
Origin of Subjunctive and Optative Conditions in Greek and Latin; The 
Harmonizing of Grammatical Nomenclature, with Especial Reference to 
Mood-Syntax (with a new system for Germanic and Romance); Latin 
Syntax: The Sequence of Tenses in Latin; The "Cum' ^-Constructions: 
Their History and Functions; The Genitive and Ablative of Description; 
Pronunciation in Latin Prose and Verse: Did Verse-Ictus Destroy Word- 
Accent in Roman Poetry? Syllabification in Roman Speech; The Quanti- 
tative Pronunciation of Latin, and Its Meaning for Latin Versification; 
Catullus: The Manuscripts of Catullus; Pedagogical: The Art of Read- 
ing Latin: How to Teach It. Hale-Buck Latin Grammar (with C. D. 
Buck); Latin Composition (with Beeson and Carr); General: The 
Practical Value of Humanistic Studies. 

Professor Hale was chairman of the committee which in 1894 raised 
the money for the American School of Classical Studies in Rome, and 
first director of the School. He is chairman of a Committee of the 
Modern Language Association to propose a system of nomenclature for 
English, German, and Romance Languages; chairman of the Joint 
Committee of the National Education Association, the Modern Lan- 
guage Association, and the American Philological Association, on Gram- 
matical Nomenclature; American Adviser for Latin of the ''Loeb 
Library"; and associate editor of both the Classical Review and the 
Classical Quarterly. Professor Hale was the first Convocation orator 
of the University. His speech was delivered at the Third Convocation, 
only President Harper speaking at the first two. It was in this address 
that Professor Hale made the comparison between the City White of 
the World's Fair, and the City Grey of the University, which was 
subsequently embodied by Dr. E. H. Lewis in the "Alma Mater." 

"It is perhaps my best distinction that I was the first among the men first 
approached for a head professorship, to foresee that a great university could be built 
up in Chicago, and to accept a formal nomination. The actual call came some time 



OF AGE IN SERVICE 273 

before that nomination was made. Meanwhile, President Harper had come to know 
Professor Laughlin, and we were actually formally appointed simultaneously. 

"My first impressions were really rather of the city and of its general temper 
than of the University. I spent nearly two weeks here before accepting an appoint- 
ment, making up my mind as to what the promise of success was. I talked with many 
people and visited a number of high schools. I felt the vigor and hopefulness of 
Chicago life, and cast in my fortunes with it. 

"When I first saw the grounds of the University, there was as yet no street in its 
neighborhood, except the native sand, and no building in the blocks near the Midway 
between Monroe Avenue and Washington Park. When- 1 first came, the foundations 
of the first building, Cobb Hall, had not yet come out of the ground. 

"My first impression of my colleagues was of a body mostly composed of very 
able men, with very distinct ideas of their own, and of course with widely varying 
traditions of university experience They seemed to me full of life and full of the 
spirit of fellowship and mutual helpfulness. It yvas this which eased our way through 
the tumult of opinions. 

"The early years were very difficult. The regulations of the University had 
been made in advance, and of course could not be perfect at every point. Some were 
unworkable, and were given up after strenuous discussion. Many new schemes were 
also devised, and it was a common saying that we expected every day to find new 
instructions in our mail box. This was natural under the circumstances, and a har- 
monious system was worked out before our patience was exhausted. 

"My present impressions, which are not asked for, are that the University has 
fulfilled its promise. The rest of the country doesn't know how good it is. Europe 
knows far better." 

Robert Francis Harper, born in Marietta, Ohio, January 26, 
1862, was one of the three of the group under consideration to be gradu- 
ated from the old University of Chicago, receiving the A.B. in 1883. 
Three years later he was given the degree of Ph.D. by Leipzig. In 
191 2 Muskingum College gave him the LL.D. Coming as Associate 
Professor to the University of Chicago from Yale, where he had been 
instructor in Semitics, he was made Professor in 1900. He has published 
widely in the field of Semitics, and is Editor of the American Journal 
of Semitic Languages and Literatures. He is unmarried, and when in 
Chicago makes his home at the Quadrangle Club, of which he was one 
of the founders. At present he is on leave of absence, working in the 
British Museum. 

Charles Richmond Henderson, born at Covington, Ind., Decem- 
ber 17, 1849, is the second member of the group to have been graduated 
from the old University, from which he received the A.B. in 1870, and 
the A.M. three years later. In the same year, 1873, he was made B.D. 
by the Baptist Union Theological Seminary. He had the degree of 
Ph.D. from Leipzig in 1901; and D.D. was conferred upon him by the 



274 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE 

Baptist Union Seminary in 1883. He came to Chicago from Detroit, 
where he had been for ten years pastor of the First Baptist Church. 
At first Assistant Professor of Sociology, and Recorder, he was made 
Associate Professor in 1894, Professor in 1897, and Head of the Depart- 
ment of Practical Sociology in 1904. From the beginning to the present 
he has been the University Chaplain. He married in 1876 Miss Eleanor 
Levering Henderson; they have no children. Dr. Henderson lives at 
5724 Washington Avenue. 

Emil Gustav Hirsch, born at Luxembourg, in the Grand Duchy, 
May 22, 1852, has been since 1892 Professor of Rabbinical Literature and 
Philosophy, though at the same time, and indeed since 1880, minister 
of Sinai Congregation, Chicago. He was graduated A.B. from Pennsyl- 
vania in 1872; and received the A.M. from Pennsylvania in 1873, 
LL.D. from Austin College in 1896, Litt.D. from Western University of 
Pennsylvania, 1900, D.D. from Hebrew Union College, 1901, and D.C.L. 
from The Temple University of Philadelphia in 1908. He has been 
editor of the Zeitgeist, The Reformer, The Reform Advocate, and the 
Biblical Department of the Jewish Encyclopedia. Dr. Hirsch lives at 
3612 Grand Boulevard. 

George Carter Howland, born in 1864, was graduated from 
Amherst in 1885, and received the degree of A.M. from the same college 
in 1888. After some years of. teaching in Chicago high schools, he 
came to the University in 1892 as Instructor in Romance Languages. 
In 1895 he was made Assistant Professor and Junior College Examiner; 
and from 1898-1900 he was Dean of University College. In 191 1 he 
became Assistant Professor of the History of Literature. Among his 
publications are an edition of the Spanish play, Zaragueta, and many 
editorials and articles, chiefly in the Chicago Tribune. He married 
March 20, 1895, Miss Cora E. Roche, and has three children, Cora 
Virginia, John Roche, and George Felix. In his first year of residence 
his home was at 5735 Washington Avenue; then for some years at 5733 
Woodlawn Avenue. His present address is 4605 Drexel Boulevard. 

" I think I was most struck by the newness of the buildings and the oldness of the 
students, as compared with those of my own Alma Mater." 

Edwin Oakes Jordan, born at Thomaston, Me., July 28, 1866, 
was graduated A.B, from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology in 
1888, and four years later received the degree of Ph.D. from Clark 
University, from which he came directly to the University of Chicago as 




E. O. Jordan 

R. G. MOULTON 



1892 

E. H. Moore 

J. U. Nef 

W. D. M'acClintock 



I. M. Price 
R. D. Sausbury 



276 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE 

an Associate in Anatomy. In 1893 he was made Instructor; in 1895, 
Assistant Professor of Bacteriology; in 1900 Associate Professor; and 
in 1907 Professor. Since 1904 he has been editor of the Journal of 
Infectious Diseases, and since 1905 Chief of the Serum Division of the 
Memorial Institute for Infectious Diseases. His publications include 
a textbook of General Bacteriology, and many special articles on water- 
supply, typhoid fever, bacterial variation, etc. He lived during his 
first year of residence at 5481 Kimbark Avenue; his present address is 
5702 Washington Avenue, and his summer home is at Barrington, 111. 
In 1893 he married Miss Elsie Fay Pratt, and they have three children, 
Henry Donaldson, Edwin Oakes, Jr., and Lucia Elizabeth. 

"One building (Cobb Hall) nearly finished, partly surrounded by swamps, and 
unpaved, unlighted streets; a few sidewalks parading on stilts in inaccessible places; 
Professor Laughlin's house alone in the block east surveying the vacant campus 
coolly but hopefully; good collecting grounds for biologists, especially a pond north 
of present site of Haskell thickly populated with frogs and amebae; Columbian 
Exposition buildings in Jackson Park and on the Midway in all stages of construction; 
an atmosphere of intense activity; President Harper knowing everybody and interested 
in everything from the kind of furniture to the next new department; very earnest 
students but very inadequate facilities; no equipment; no books; above all a feeling 
of great hopefulness and of consuming interest in the educational experiments on foot 
and talked about — it was stimulating if not comfortable." 

James Laurence Laughlin, born at Deerfield, Ohio, April 2, 1850, 
was graduated from Harvard A.B. in 1873, and received from the same 
institution the A.M. and the Ph.D. in 1876. He came to Chicago as 
Head of the Department of Political Economy from Cornell, where 
for two years he had been professor of political economy and finance. 
He is editor of the Journal of Political Economy, member of many scien- 
tific bodies, and has published largely. In 1906 he was Exchange 
Professor at Berlin; in 1908, delegate to the Pan-American Scientific 
Congress at Santiago; and from 191 1 to 1913, chairman of the Execu- 
tive Committee of the National Citizens League for the promotion of a 
sound banking system. Professor Laughlin is married and has one 
son. In 1892 he lived in the "Beatrice," 57th Street and Monroe 
Avenue; but his home for many years has been at 5747 Lexington 
Avenue, and his summer home at Jafifrey, N.H. 

"I saw the University first with F. F. Abbott in December of 1891, when there 
were eight feet of green water in the basement of Cobb and Graduate Halls, which 
then did not show above ground. There was no passage across 57th Street, east or 
west, nor any across the campus. The present site of Haskell was a swamp. Later, 
in June, 1892, I saw Cobb with President Harper when lightning had knocked down 
the north end." 



OF AGE IN SERVICE 277 

David Judson Lingle is the third member of this group to have 
received his Bachelor's degree from the old University. Born in Rock 
Island, 111., June 6, 1863, he gained the S.B. in 1885. Seven years later 
he received his Ph.D. in biology from Johns Hopkins, and came directly 
to Chicago as Reader in Geology; was made Assistant in the next year, 
Instructor the year following, and Assistant Professor in 1904. April 
21, 1898, he married Miss Helen Hitchcock. He is a member of Phi 
Beta Kappa, Sigma Xi, and Phi Kappa Psi. His home is at 1017 E. 
54th Place. 

William Darn all MacClintock, born at Elizabeth, Ky., July 
28, 1858, graduated B.A. at Kentucky Wesleyan College in 1878, and 
received the A.M. from the same institution in 1882. He came to 
Chicago from Wells College, as Assistant Professor of English Litera- 
ture; was made Associate Professor and Dean in the Junior Colleges in 
1894; and Professor in 1900. He has served also as Dean of University 
College, and from 1905 to 19 10 as Dean of the College of Philosophy 
(women). On July 7, 1886, he married Lucia Porter Lander, and has 
four children, Lander, Paul, Hilda, and Elizabeth. He lived during his 
first year of residence at 5535 Monroe Avenue; but for years his home 
has been at 5629 Lexington Avenue, and in the summer at Lakeside, 
Mich. 

" I recall the tremendous enthusiam created by Dr. Harper over the plans of the 
University, especially among younger men. I spent the summer of i8qo with him at 
Chautauqua when he was full of his dreams. He told me then that if he came to 
Chicago, I was to come with him. My official notification of appointment dates 
May, 1 89 1. I especially recall his enthusiam over the great graduate school we were 
to create here — a new and greater Johns Hopkins in the West. I recall during that 
and the next year the famous and inspiring Bulletins issued frequently, giving plans, 
calling for criticisms and suggestions. 

"Cobb and the Divinity Halls were all the buildings ready in October, 1892, 
and we climbed over ditches and under scaffolding the days just preceding the opening. 
The grounds were a chaos of sand, swamp, and dwarf oaks. Nothing but wooden 
pavements in the neighborhood, which soon began to furnish bonfires for all student 
celebrations. I recall the tremendous hurry to get Cobb Hall ready; the afternoon 
and evening before I worked with others of the force getting chairs and tables ready 
for the opening day. Dr. Harper worked at it till after midnight. 

" But I recall that next day there was order — the schedule of hours and rooms was 
entirely ready and things went off smoothly. I recall that at the first meeting of the 
faculty the President began deliberations by laying before us the regulations, announce- 
ments of classes, hour and room schedules, etc., saying that he had thought it well to 
start things in this complete though arbitrary manner, but that all was new, subject 
to the action of the faculty. Then began at once that "taking up and putting down 
of permanents" which has seemed an essential part of the genius of the plan. 



278 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE 

"We had then an elaborate system of registration cards and devices, and I remem- 
ber students exclaiming over our surprising "system," how promptly they were 
handled. 

"I recall with intense pleasure, yet with memories of my trepidation, my first 
graduate class in 'The Beginnings of the English Romantic Movement.' No better 
group of students was ever gathered at the University — for among the twenty 
members were Edwin H. Lewis, Myra Reynolds, and Frederic I. Carpenter, all of 
whom became highly honored members of our faculty. 

"I attended the first Chapel Assembly and recall the thrill of our first officers' 
procession in the new official cap and gown. I remember President Harper's wish 
to make our first public assembly as quiet and simple and religious as possible. 

"There was an immediate demand from Chicago and the Middle West for* 
lectures from our faculty — for literary clubs, educational meetings, etc. I was very 
busy from the outset in such extra-mural teaching. Dr. Harper encouraged it heartily 
as a means of establishing the University in the hearts of the people of the West. 

"Snell Hall was built during the winter of 1892, and I can remember the wild 
confusion and jolly complaint when the women students moved into the unfinished 
Snell from the "Beatrice." During the first year Professor Laughlin built his house, 
and I remember that from the Ferris Wheel it and its grounds were the only finished 
things in sight about the Midway. 

"As I look back now, it seems to me the most striking characteristic of our early 
year was the romantic enthusiam and hope, the expectation of great things to be 
accomplished, the feeling of splendid, new, large schemes which filled the minds of our 
faculty, students, and well-wishers in Chicago." 

Albert Abraham Michelson, born at Strelno, Germany, Decem- 
ber 19, 1852, was graduated from the United States Naval Academy in 
1873. The list of degrees he has received since then includes the 
Ph.D. (honorary) from Western Reserve in 1886; Stevens Institute, 
1887; Leipzig, 1909; Georg- August University, Gottingen, and Royal 
Frederick University, Christiania, 191 1; Sc.D. from Cambridge in 1899; 
and the LL.D. from Yale in 1901 and Pennsylvania in 1906. He is a 
member of fifteen scientific societies, including the leading bodies of 
America, England, Ireland, France, Germany, Italy, and Sweden. In 
1907 he received both the Copley medal and the Nobel prize and in 
1912 the Elliot Cresson Medal from Franklin Institute. In 1910 he 
was president of the American Association for the Advancement of 
Science, and in 191 1, Exchange Professor at Gottingen. He came to 
Chicago from Clark University, as Professor and Head of the Depart- 
ment of Physics. He was twice married, to Miss Margaret Heminway 
in 1876, by whom he has one son, Albert Heminway; and to Miss 
Edna Stanton, December 23, 1899. They have three daughters, 
Madeline, Beatrice, and Dorothy; their home is at 5756 Kimbark 
Avenue. Professor Michelson has published a very large number of 




R. G. MOULTON 

W. D. MacClintock 



1913 

E. H, Moore 

J. U. Nef 



E. O. Jordan 
I. M. Price 



28o THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE 

scientific articles, mostly concerning his researches in light, in which 
field he is the foremost authority. 

Frank Justus Miller, born at Clinton, Tenn., November 26, 
1858, was graduated A.B. from Denison in 1879, and received the 
A.M. in 1882, and the LL.D. in 1909, from the same university; in 
1892 he gained the Ph.D. from Yale, whence he came directly to Chicago 
as Instructor in Latin, and Assistant Examiner. In 1894 he became 
Assistant Professor, in 1901 Associate Professor, and Professor in 1909. 
From 1904 to 191 1 he was Examiner, and since that time Dean in the 
Junior Colleges. He is the managing editor of the Classical Journal, 
and his publications include editions of Virgil and Ovid, and Studies in 
Roman Poetry; Two Dramatizations from Virgil, and Tragedies of Seneca 
in English Verse. He is a member of Phi Beta Kappa. On July 10, 
1883, he married Miss Lida Willett, and their children are Winifred 
Fiske and Raymond Philbrick. Their home was during the first year 
at 5410 Madison Avenue, but has been for some time at 1222 E. 56th 
Street. 

"My first impressions of the University were of incompleteness, confusion, noise. 
Newly arrived as I was in Chicago, having come on two weeks before the University 
opened in order to hold our first entrance examinations, the locality was all new to me. 
And it was a far different locality from the present handsome residence district. The 
streets were ill-paved or unpaved, the sidewalks were of boards badly laid, beneath 
which rats held undisputed sway; waist-high weeds filled the parkways and dusted 
their yellow pollen on you as you passed. Great blocks of empty land, unsightly and 
unkempt, stretched away from the campus on all sides. Furthermore, the Midway and 
Jackson Park were one huge stretch of digging and building in preparation for the 
World's Fair, which opened in May of the following year. With the Ferris Wheel 
building almost directly opposite the present site of Foster Hall, and the whole length 
of the Midway one bustle of preparation to receive its population of the barbaric 
fakers of the world, you can well believe that this was not exactly that quiet, sylvan 
retreat which is supposed to be most conducive to philosophic meditation. 

"After wading shoe-top deep in sand across the wide stretch of campus, I found 
Cobb Hall in those last stages of completion where the end seems still remote. Car- 
penters and finishers of all kinds were still in possession, and noise, dust, and confusion 
reigned — but not supreme. For in his office in the southeast corner of the first floor 
of Cobb was to be found a man who, in spite of all this chaos of preparation, was 
holding steadily on his way toward the fulfilment of the University's promise to open 
its doors to the students of the world on the first of October, 1892. It was under these 
most difficult and distracting circumstances that President Harper and his first faculty 
began their labors. They had come from every hand, from many states as well as 
foreign lands; they had had scant time to house their families; they had yet to learn 
each others' names, and to make those thousand and one adjustments necessary to 
the most effective work. In entire default of traditions and perspective, the array of 



OF AGE IN SERVICE 281 

problems was truly formidable. They had the educational conditions of Chicago and 
the Middle West yet to learn, the value of the schools as sources of college preparation 
yet to determine, the acquaintance and friendship of the collegiate and secondary 
educational leaders yet to win. 

"And yet, as we look back to those beginning years, our first impression of 
unpreparedness and confusion fades away. The noise of completing buildings was 
not distracting but inspiring, because it was but the noise of our advance; the empty 
and unkempt campus and surrounding neighborhood were but an invitation to come 
in and possess the land; the formidable array of difficulties and problems, taken one 
by one and that by men who, while new to the present situation, were by no means new 
to educational administration, in due time disappeared; and we have come into our 
present state of comparative preparedness by stages so gradual that we can with 
difficulty realize the growth that we have made except as we think upon that twenty- 
year long journey we have come and contrast its beginning and its end. 

"And we did open in full force and on time at 8:30 A.M., October first, 1892!" 

Eliakim Hastings Moore, born at Marietta, Ohio, January 26, 
1862, was graduated A.B. from Yale in 1883, and made Ph.D. in 1885. 
He has received also the honorary A.M^and Ph.D. from Gottingen in 
1909; LL.D. from Wisconsin in 1904; Sc.D. from Yale, and Math.D. 
from Clark University in 1909. He came to Chicago as Professor of 
Mathematics from Northwestern, where he had been assistant professor; 
in 1896 he was made Head of the Department here. He is a member of 
the National Academy of Sciences, Associate Fellow of the American 
Academy, and president of the American Mathematical Society; editor 
of the Transactions of that society from 1899 to 1907; and since 1908 
editor of the Rendiconti del Circolo Matematico di Palermo. He was 
vice-president of the Fifth International Congress of Mathematicians 
at Cambridge, England, in 191 2, and is an honorary corresponding 
member of the British Association for the Advancement of Science. 
His publications include Introduction to a Form of General Analysis, and 
other memoirs on general analysis. On June 21, 1892, he married Miss 
Martha Morris Young, and they have one son, Eliakim Hastings 3d. 
Professor Moore lived in his first year at Chicago, at 53 11 Washington 
Avenue; his present home is at 5607 Monroe Avenue, and his summer 
home is in Northern Wisconsin. 

Richard Green Moulton, born at Preston, England, on May 5, 
1849, was graduated A.B. from London University in 1869, and from 
Cambridge in 1874. There have been conferred on him also the degrees 
of A.M. by Cambridge in 1877, and Ph.D. by Pennsylvania in 1891. 
He came to Chicago as Professor of Literature in English, and in 1901 
was made Head of the Department of General Literatures in English. 



282 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE 

His principal publications are : The Modern Reader's Bible; Shakespeare 
as a Dramatic Artist; Shakespeare as a Dramatic Thinker; Ancient 
Classical Drama; and World Literature. He married August 13, 1896, 
Miss Alice Maud Cole, of Sheffield, England. They live throughout 
the University year at the Hotel Windermere, but their summer home 
is Hallamleigh, Tunbridge Wells, England. 

"I was most struck by the contrast to the system of the English universities, 
where the common examinations have the effect of reducing the freedom of the teacher, 
and so the interest of the teaching, to a minimum. I believe as much as ever in the 
superiority of the American system." 

John Ulric Nef, born at Herizau in Switzerland on June 14, 1862, 
was graduated A.B. at Harvard in 1884, and received his Ph.D. from 
Munich two years later. He came to Chicago from Clark University, 
as Professor of Chemistry, and in 1896 was made Head of the Depart- 
ment. In his first year of residence he lived at 4712 Lake Avenue; his 
present home throughout the academic year is at the Del Prado, but 
in summer, in Switzerland. He was married on May 17, 1898, to Miss 
Louise Bates Comstock, who died March 20, 190Q. He has one son, 
John Ulric, Jr. Professor Nef's publications have been principally in 
Liebig's Annalen der Chemie. He is a fellow of the American Academy 
of Arts and Sciences, and a member of the National Academy of Sciences, 
and of the Royal Society of Sciences of Upsala. 

"I remember being doubtful whether the new University was destined to become 
a pedagogical institute or an establishment fostering scholarship and research." 

Ira Maurice Price, born near Newark, Ohio, April 29, 1856, was 
graduated A.B. from Denison in 1879, and made A.M. in 1882, in the 
same year receiving also the B.D. from the Baptist Union Theological 
Seminary; in 1886 he was given both the A.M. and the Ph.D. by 
Leipzig; and in 1903 was made LL.D., again by Denison. He came to 
Chicago, as Associate Professor of Semitic Languages and Literatures, 
from the Baptist Union; in 1900 he was made Professor. Since 1908 
he has been secretary of the International Sunday School Lesson Com- 
mittees. His principal publications include The Great Cylinder (A and 
B) Inscriptions of Gtidea, Part I ; The Monuments and the Old Testament; 
and The Ancestry of the English Bible. On June 13, 1882, he married 
Miss Jennie Rhoads; she died September 23, 1905, leaving four chil- 
dren, Charles Royal, Grace Marie, Maurice Thomas, and Genevieve. 
In his first year of residence Professor Price lived at Morgan Park; 
his present address is 6043 Ellis Avenue. 




J. H. Tufts 
Miss Talbot 



1892 

J. Stieglitz 

F. Starr 
A. A. Stagg 



A. W. Small 

B. S. Terry 



284 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE 

"A hearty lusty youngster I thought the University, with high ambitions, and 
rather crude exterior which was rapidly polished down by continuous and unrelenting 
hard work on the part of faculty and students. Everyone showed the same brand of 
ambition and was willing to put the shoulder to the wheel to make the machine go, 
and it went." 

RoLLiN D. Salisbury, born at Spring Prairie, Wis., not far from 
Lake Geneva, August 17, 1859, was graduated Ph.B. from Beloit Col- 
lege in 1881, and received the A.M. in 1884, and the LL.D. in 1904, from 
the same institution. He came to Chicago as Professor of Geographic 
Geology, from Wisconsin; was made Dean of the Ogden Graduate 
School of Science in 1899, and Head of the Department of Geography 
in 1903. His principal publications include: Geologic Processes; Earth 
History; College Geography (with T. C. Chamberlin) ; Advanced, Briefer, 
and Elementary Courses in Physiography; and Elements of Geography 
(with H. H. Barrows and W. S. Tower). He has been geologist with 
the New Jersey, the Illinois, and the United States Surveys. He is 
not married. In his first year of residence his home was at 4540 
Monroe Avenue; it is now at 5730 Woodlawn Avenue. He is a member 
of Beta Theta Pi. 

Ferdinand Schevill, born November 12, 1868 at Cincinnati, 
Ohio, was graduated A.B. from Yale in 1889, and Ph.D. from Freiburg 
three years later, whence he came to Chicago as Assistant in History and 
German. In 1893 he was made Associate in History; in 1895, 
Instructor; in 1899, Assistant Professor; in 1904, Associate Professor; 
and in 1909, Professor. His principal publications include Siena: The 
Story of a Mediaeval Commune; and A Political History of Modern 
Europe. He lived during his first year of residence at 5828 Madison 
Avenue; then for most of his period of service, in North and Hitchcock 
Halls. He married March 16 of the present year Miss Clara Edna 
Meier of New York, and is now living at 5407 Greenwood Avenue. He 
is a member of Alpha Delta Phi. 

" My first impression of the University is closely associated with my first impres- 
sion of the city of Chicago. I landed at the Pennsylvania Station, and got myself 
at last with many alarms to the Cottage Grove cars. A native catching my provincial 
notes proudly called my attention to the fact that these superb vehicles were operated 
in the latest fashion, viz., by cable. Then the journey began. At 39th Street we had 
passed the outer limit of what could by any interpretation be called civilization, 
and beyond stretched an indefinable desolation of mud streets, board walks, and 
occasional house rows. I despaired of finding the new home of the arts and sciences 
in this environment; but the conductor knew his business, and refused to let me leap 



OF AGE IN SERVICE 285 

ofif till we had reached the scratched furrows in the outlying prairie which he identified 
as 58th Street. Sure enough, there was a tall red-roofed structure not far away, pro- 
claiming in its towering mass that man had once more taken up the war with chaos. 
Over high, stilted walks and finally through accumulated building litter I made my 
way to the door of Cobb Hall, where an immense press of carpenters, stjidents, 
plumbers, mothers with young hopefuls, informed me, dazed but game, that I had 
reached the University of Chicago." 

Francis Wayland Shepardson, born near Cincinnati, Ohio, Octo- 
ber 15, 1862, received an A.B. from Denison in 1882, and from Brown 
in 1883; A.M. from Denison in 1886; Ph.D. from Yale, 1892; and LL.D. 
from Denison in 1906. He came to Chicago as Docent in History in 
1892, after a career which had included teaching in a young ladies' 
seminary, and editing a country newspaper; was made Instructor, and 
Secretary of the Correspondence-Study Department in 1895; Assistant 
Professor, Acting Recorder, and Secretary to the President, in 1897; 
Associate Professor in 1901; and Dean of the Senior Colleges, from 1904 
to 1907. He has been since 1908 President of the Illinois Society, 
Sons of the Revolution. He married, September 3, 1884, Miss Cora 
Whitcomb, and has one son, John Whitcomb. He is a member of Phi 
Beta Kappa and of Beta Theta Pi, of which he has been general secre- 
tary since 1907. In 1892 he lived at 5475 Kimbark Avenue; his present 
address is 5568 Kimbark Avenue. 

"I began work for the University on September 15, 1892, as Librar)' Secretary 
in the University Extension Division, the offices then being located in the apartment 
building at the northeast comer of Fifty-fifth and Woodlawn. The 'impression' 
which remains most firmly fixed in my mind is that of intense eagerness on the part 
of all to get to work, of belief that a great institution was to begin, of conscious pride 
in having a part in the enterprise, and of devotion to the President of the University, 
whose enthusiasm and activity were stimulating to all. I recall dodging under a 
scaffolding in front of the entrance to Cobb in order to get into the building, the work- 
men above being engaged in chipping away upon the words 'Cobb Lecture Hall.' 
Another impression from which escape is impossible is that a mighty transformation 
has been worked in the University and in the region round about it, since those first 
days. The physical changes that have taken place seem almost beyond belief. No 
part of the city building which has made Chicago great is more deserving of note than 
that connected with the neighborhood of the University of Chicago." 

Paul Shore y, born in Davenport, Iowa, August 3, 1857, was 
graduated A.B. from Harvard in 1878, and after being admitted to 
the Illinois bar in 1880, studied at Leipzig, Bonn, and Athens, finally 
receiving the degree of Ph.D. from Munich in 1884. Iowa College 
conferred upon him the degree of LL.D. in 1905, and Wisconsin Litt.D. 



286 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE 

in 191 1. From Bryn Mawr, where he had been professor of Greek for 
seven years, he came to Chicago as Professor of Greek, and in 1896 was 
made Head of the Department. He was president of the American 
Philological Association in 19 10, Turnbull lecturer on poetry at Johns 
Hopkins, and Harvard lecturer on classical subjects, both in 191 2; for 
the coming year he is Roosevelt professor at Berlin. He is managing 
editor of Classical Philology, and his principal publications include: 
editions of the Odes and Epodes of Horace, and of Pope's Homer; De 
Platonis Idearum Doctrina; The Idea of Good in Plato's Republic; The 
Unity of Plato's Thought, and many special articles. In June, 1895, 
he married Miss Emma Large Gilbert. He has kept throughout his 
entire term of service the one address, 5516 Woodlawn Avenue, the only 
member of the original faculty to accomplish this particular feat. 
" 'I saw this road before it was made.' " 

Albion Woodbury Small, born at Buckfield, Me., May 11, 1854, 
received the A.B. from Colby College, Maine, in 1876 and the A.M. 
three years later. In 1889 he was made Ph.D. by Johns Hopkins, and 
LL.D. by Colby in 1900. President of Colby from 1889 to 1892, in the 
latter year he came to Chicago as Professor and Head,,©! the Depart- 
ment of Sociology; in 1905 he was made Dean of the Graduate School 
of Arts and Literature. His publications since 1905 include besides 
many articles: General Sociology; Adam Smith and Modern Sociology; 
The Cameralists; The Meaning of Social Science; Between Eras; he is 
also editor of the American Journal of Sociology. June 20, 1881, he 
married Fraulein Valeria von Mossow, of Berlin; they have one 
daughter, Lina (Mrs. Hayden B. Harris). In 1892 he lived at 5524 
Madison Avenue; his present home is at 5731 Washington Avenue, 
and in summer at Bretton Woods, N.H. 

"A reduced-dimension reproduction of the Creative Week. The earth not void 
but surely without form. Darkness not yet fully yielding to primal light. Land and 
water disputing possession. Desolations of giant herbs uncanny with cattle and 
creeping things and beasts after their kind. Seemingly extemporized men and women 
hurrying together from all the regions beyond. The mien of each a transparency 
displaying the same sustaining faith, viz., 'Something is going on which it would be a 
pity to miss. But what a foredoomed failure the whole mad venture would have been 
if its lucky stars had not sent it deponent's help!'" 

Amos Alonzo Stagg, born in Orange, N.J., 1863, was graduated 
A.B. from Yale in 1888, after four years of the most strikingly successful 
athletic service to his Alma Mater; acted one year as athletic director 






1913 




B. S. Terry 


A. W. Small 


J. Stieglitz 


F. Starr 


Miss Talbot 


A. A. Stagg 



288 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE 

at Springfield, Mass., and then came to Chicago as Associate Professor 
and Director of the Division of Physical Culture. In 1900 he was made 
Professor. Since 1904 he has been a member of the Football Rules 
Committee; he was a member of the American Committee for the 
Olympic Games at Athens in 1896, London, 1908, Stockholm, 191 2; 
president of the Society of Directors of Physical Education in Colleges, 
in 19 10, and chairman of the Track and Field Rules Committee of the 
National Collegiate Athletic Association, in 191 1. He has published 
(with H. L. Williams) a Treatise on American Football. By common 
consent Mr. Stagg is the leading football coach in the West. September 
10, 1894, he married Miss Stella Robertson, and they have three children, 
Amos Alonzo, Jr., Ruth and Paul. In 1892 he made his home at the 
Hotel Monroe, Monroe Avenue and 55th Street. Since his marriage 
he has lived at 5704 Jackson Avenue. 

Frederick Starr, born at Auburn, N.Y., September 2, 1858, was 
graduated B.S. from Lafayette College in 1882; from Lafayette also 
he received in 1885 the degrees A.M. and Ph.D., and in 1907, Sc.D. He 
came as Assistant Professor of Anthropology, from a position in charge 
of the Department of Ethnology in the American Museum of Natural 
History. In 1895 he was made Associate Professor. Among his 
publications are: Some First Steps in Human Progress; Congo Natives; 
Indians of Southern Mexico; Notes on Ethnography of Southern Mexico; 
The Truth about the Congo; The Ainu Group; In Indian Mexico. He is 
a corresponding member of too many societies to list, and an honorary 
member of the Folklore Society, London; the Royal Anthropological 
Institute of Great Britain and Ireland; the Congreso Indianista, Mexico; 
the Davenport Academy of Sciences. He was given in 1900 the 
Service Medal (Museum Service) Nederlands, Queen Wilhelmina; made 
in 1907 officer of the Order of Leopold II, Congo, Leopold II; given in 
1908 Palm of Officer of Public Instruction, France; made in 191 1 
chevalier of the Crown of Italy, Italy, by Victor Emanuel III; and in 
191 1, commander of the Order of Leopold II, Belgium, by Albert I. He 
is unmarried; he lived in 1892 at 5800 Jackson Avenue, but has his 
home now at 5541 Drexel Boulevard. 

Julius Stieglitz, born at Hoboken, N.J., May 27, 1867, after a 
course in the Real gymnasium of Karlsruhe, Germany, received his A.M. 
and Ph.D. from the University of Berlin in 1889; went later into com- 
mercial chemistry, and in 1892 came to Chicago as docent. In 1893 



OF AGE IN SERVICE 289 

he -y^^as made Assistant; in 1894, Instructor; in 1897, Assistant Professor; 
in 1902, Associate Professor; and Professor in 1905. Clark University 
made him Sc.D. in 1909. He was Hitchcock lecturer at California in 
1909; is a member of the National Academy of Sciences, and associate 
editor of the Journal of the American Chemical Society. He is a member 
also of the Council on Chemistry and Pharmacy of the American Medi- 
cal Association, and of the International Commission on Annual Tables 
of Constants. His principal publications are reports on investigations 
in chemistry, which have appeared in various chemical journals. On 
August 27, 1891, he married Fraulein Anna StiefiFel, of Karlsruhe, 
Germany, and they have two children, Hedwig Jacobina and Edward 
Julius. In his first year of residence he lived at 5440 Monroe Avenue; 
his present home is at 6026 Monroe Avenue, and in summer at Lake 
George, N.Y. 

"My first and lasting impression was that of a University of first rank, springing 
into being in one act. This impression was due to the splendid staff of professors 
in all the main departments which the University had from the outset, and to the 
high standards of scholarship which it had consciously set itself to live up to." 

Marion Talbot, bom of American parents at Thun, Switzerland, 
July 31, 1858, was graduated A.B. at Boston University in 1880, and 
received the A.M. two years later; graduated S.B. from Massachusetts 
Institute of Technology in 1888, and was given the degree of LL.D. by 
Cornell College in 1904. From an instructorship in Wellesley she came 
to Chicago as Assistant Professor of Sanitary Science; was made Asso- 
ciate Professor in 1895, and Professor (of Household Administration) 
in 1894. Since the beginning she has been Dean of Women, and in 
that capacity has chosen always to live in one of the women's dormitories 
— the "Beatrice," and Snell, which was temporarilly used for women, 
in 1892; then Kelly; and now Green. Her summer address is Pine 
Eyrie, Holderness, N.H. She is a Fellow of the American Association 
for the Advancement of Science, a member of the American Chemical 
Society, and many other societies; was president, and for thirteen years 
secretary, of the Association of Collegiate Alumnae. She has published 
House Sanitation (with E. H. Richards), The Education of Women, The 
Modern Household (with S. P. Breckinridge). 

Benjamin Stuytes Terry, bom at St. Paul, April 9, 1857, was in 
1878 graduated A.B. from Colgate, from which institution also he 
received the A.M. in 1881 and LL.D. in 1903; in 1892, the degree of 



290 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE 

Ph.D. was conferred upon him by Freiburg. After training in theologi- 
cal study and two pastorates, he became professor of history at Colgate, 
whence he came to Chicago as Professor of English History. He has 
published A History of England from the Earliest Times to the Death of 
Victoria, and A History of England for Schools. He is a member of 
various historical societies. June i, 1881, he married Miss May Bald- 
win, and they have three children, Schuyler Baldwin, Edith (Mrs. 
Brewer), and Ethel Mary. In his first year of residence he lived at 
5535 Monroe Avenue, at the Hotel Howard, and in Morgan Park; but 
his present address is 6042 Ingleside Avenue. His summer home is 
''The Owl's Nest," Fifield, Wis. 

"I thought in those first days that the University was a marvelous possibility, 
and — much of it — probability." 

James Hayden Tufts, born at Monson, Mass., July 9, 1862, received 
the A.B. degree from Amherst in 1884, the A.M. in 1890, and LL.D. 
in 1904; having meanwhile taken the Ph.D. at Freiburg in 1892. He 
has taught both mathematics and philosophy; he came to Chicago 
from Freiburg as Assistant Professor of Philosophy; was made Associate 
Professor in 1894, Professor in 1900, and Head of the Department of 
Philosophy in 1905. From 1899 to 1904, and again in 1907, he was 
Dean of the Senior Colleges. He is a member of various philosophical 
societies, and in 1906 was president of the Western Philosophical Asso- 
ciation. His publications include, besides many articles and transla- 
tions, Ethics (with John Dewey); he was also co-editor of Studies in 
Philosophy and Psychology, and a memorial volume to Charles Edward 
Garman. August 25, 1891, he married Miss Cynthia Hobart Whit aker, 
and they have two children, Irene and James Warren. In his first year 
of residence he lived in Frederick Court, between Monroe Avenue and 
Kimbark; his present address is 5551 Lexington Avenue, and his sum- 
mer home at his birthplace in Monson, Mass. 

"(i) The youth of the faculty and trustees, and the age of some of the students, 
seemed to me amazing. (2) I had known Dr. Harper before, so I was not surprised 
by his extraordinary energy. (3) The rapid emergence of certain of the faculty as 
leaders. Some had positive, well-formed views on all the questions which at first 
confronted the University, while most of us who were not so clear, listened and were 
rapidly educated. The theories of the East and of the West were often contrasted. 
(4) The rapidity with which we became acquainted socially. - President and Mrs. 
Harper made great efforts to bring the members of the faculty together, and we all 
attended faculty meetings to find out who was who, as speakers were recognized by 
the chair. (5) The heterogeneity of the students. I had been accustomed to the 




F. J. Miller 
C. F. Castle 



1913 

F. SCHEVILL 

F. A. Blackburn 
J. L. Laughlin 



C. R. Henderson 
P. Shorey 



292 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE 

more uniform appearance and training 'classes.' Here were no classes, only indi- 
viduals, it seemed. (6) The general eagerness of everyone. It seemed as though 
anything might be expected at any minute, and it frequently occurred. We were all 
ambitious and buoyant." 

Clyde Weber Votaw, born at Wheaton, 111., February 6, 1864, was 
graduated A.B. from Amherst in 1888, and received the A.M. from 
Amherst and the B.D. from Yale both in 1891; in 1896 he was granted 
the degree of Ph.D. by the University of Chicago. He came to Chicago 
directly from the Yale Graduate School, as Reader in Biblical Literatures; 
was made Associate in 1894, and Instructor (in New Testament Litera- 
ture) in 1896; Assistant Professor in 1900, and Associate Professor in 
1907. He is associate editor of the Biblical World and the American 
Journal of Theology, and was for two years editorial secretary of the 
Religious Educational Association. His publications include: Inductive 
Studies in the Founding of the Christian Church; The Use of the Infinitive 
in Biblical Greek; The Primitive Era of Christianity, and The Sermon on 
The Mount. He was married November 24, 1892, to Miss Cora Whit- 
more, and has two daughters, Claire and Miriam. In 1892 he lived at 
5410 Madison Avenue; his present address is 5515 Woodlawn Avenue, 
and his summer home is on Sycamore Road, DeKalb, 111. 

"Coming directly from the Yale Graduate School, I was keenly interested to be 
in at the founding of a university. There was supreme confidence in President Harper 
as the man of all men to inaugurate the new institution. Everyone shared his earnest 
purpose and his enthusiasm. The sense of a common, worthy undertaking united the 
faculty, and the students with the faculty, in a solidarity that may be counted historic." 

Jacob William Albert Young, born at York, Pa., December 28, 
1865, was graduated A.B. at Bucknell University in 1887, received the 
A.M. from Bucknell in 1890 and the Ph.D. from Clark in 1892, and came 
directly to Chicago as Associate in Mathematics. He was made Instruc- 
tor in 1894, Assistant Professor in 1897, and after extensive study into 
educational methods of Europe, Associate Professor of the Pedagogy of 
Mathematics in 1908. He is a joint author of many mathematical 
textbooks, and a contributor to mathematical journals. In 1896 he 
married Miss Dora Louise Schafer; they have no children. His home 
is at 5422 Washington Avenue. 




ON CONVOCATION DAY 

The Quadrangle from Harper Memorial Library 



1<(S' 



The University of Chicago 
Magazine 



Volume V JULY I9I3 Number 9 



EVENTS AND DISCUSSION 

The President's Convocation statement, elsewhere printed, gives in 
detail the story of the gift by Mr. La Verne W. Noyes of Chicago of 

$300,000 for a Woman's Building — club house and gym- 
„ . ^ nasium. "Come, long-sought!" as Shelley says. It is 

certain that no other single gift could meet so many needs 
and have been greeted by such universal approbation. What Bartlett 
and the Reynolds Club are for the men, Ida Noyes Hall will be for the 
women — a center of activity and good fellowship. It is an earnest of the 
honor and affection in which the University holds its women students. 
The gift is in memory of Mrs. Noyes. Ida E. S. Noyes was born in 
New York, but removed to Iowa, and was graduated from Iowa State 
College, at Grinnell, of which Mr. Noyes is also an alumnus. She was in 
the earlier days of her married life practically her husband's partner in 
his business ventures. Later she filled many offices, in the Woman's 
Club, the Woman's Athletic Club, the North Side Art Club, and the 
D.A.R. She was particularly and generously interested in the education 
of the southern mountaineers, and in organizations for children. 

The new president of the Alumni Association of the University of 

Chicago, chosen in the closest election ever held, 226 to 224, is Agnes R. 

Wayman, '03. For the first time in its existence the 

., . association is headed by a woman. Fortunately the 

Alumni .... . , . 

Illinois legislature, apprised of the situation, made her a 

\'oter, and so testified to the world at large of her capacity for affairs. 

Those who know her, however, do not need testimony. Into whatever 

29s 



296 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE 

she has undertaken — her work as undergraduate, in philanthrophy, in 
instruction — she has put the same enthusiasm and executive ability, and 
there is every reason to believe that the affairs of the association will 
brighten visibly under her direction. The full ticket as elected follows: 

President — ^Agnes R. Wayman, '03 
First Vice-President — Frederick A. Smith, '66 
Second Vice-President — Demia Butler Gorell, '98 
Third Vice-President — ^William P. MacCracken, '09 
Secretary — Frank W. Dignan, '97 

Members of the Executive Committee — Davida Harper Eaton, '00; Harold H. 
Swift, '07; Helen T. Sunny, '08. 

if that group does not make the association hum, no group could. 
Associating with them Alvin Kramer, '08, secretary of the Chicago 
Alumni Club, they are as picked a set of hard-working and really enthu- 
siastic alumni as could be found anywhere; and in the mere contempla- 
tion of their possibilities the Magazine finds itself a helpless optimist. 



Optimism is needed, too, as a tonic. The management of the 
reunion in June was for some reason ineffective. It is unfair to blame 

- -, . President Hamill, who throughout the year showed his 
June Reunion . . . 

faithful energy by attending every meeting of the associa- 
tion, at a very considerable cost of time and the most acute inconvenience. 
Blame, in fact, rests on no one in particular, but on our lack of system. 
Nobody was really responsible and a lot of the finest kind of energy was 
therefore wasted. The notices of the dinner and other events were sent 
out very late, so late that the response was inevitably limited. The 
unfortunate confusion which is suggested in the letter elsewhere printed, 
from the Chicago Alumnae Club, should have been preventable. The 
vaudeville committee in its zeal provided much too long a program ; and 
then had to stand aghast waiting, while the "sing" continued, till it was 
half -past nine before their audience collected! Already, however, plans 
for next year which will obviate all these difficulties have been set on 
foot. It is suggested that the alumni celebration be spread, as elsewhere, 
over three days; that the fraternities be requested to close their dining- 
rooms on the night of the dinner; and that the " sing " be held on another 
evening from the dinner and vaudeville. These changes, or others 
similar, will do much. But the gradual development of the loyalty 
which shines through even such confusion as showed itself on June 10, 
will do more. 



EVENTS AND DISCUSSION 297 

The fraternity sing is one of the most effective exhibitions of a fine 
side of college life that the university offers. The crowd on the night of 
_^ „. June 10 was very large — it was estimated at from three to 

five thousand. The singing was in the main good^ the 
honors being easily carried off by Psi Upsilon; the enthusiasm following 
the solo of Lindquist, ex-'i5, amounting to an ovation. The thrill of 
the whole evening's performance was delightful. And yet something 
should be done to develop the idea. As it stands, there are too many 
songs too much alike. It is not altogether fair to the newer fraternities, 
who must wait their turn till the crowd is weary. The introduction of 
stunts, begun this year, such as the Alpha Delt torch-parade, is desirable; 
they should be continued. Why not costumes, such as at Yale ? The 
sing is so excellent an idea, we should make out of it the very most there 
is to be made. 

The communication which follows from the members of the Owl and 

Serpent, should be of great interest to Alumni. It was originally printed 

in the Daily Maroon of June 6, but by request of the Chvl 

_ and Serpent is reprinted here. It needs no comment; but a 

Democracy ft- j 

little history of the events which led up to its publication 
in June may be desirable. Certain members of the Junior class, includ- 
ing all but one of those who were thought likely to be elected to Owl and 
Serpent, early in May met and decided not to accept election if it were 
offered. Their reasons as they gave them were two: first, the Owl and 
Serpent tended to destroy class and University loyalty, to substitute 
loyalty to the organization, and to introduce envy and hard feeling; 
and second, the absolute secrecy of the organization was foolish and out 
of keeping with the spirit of the times. They made no public statement 
of their determination ; but the news of it spread rapidly, and created an 
undergraduate sensation. Sympathy was divided; some thinking that 
the Owl and Serpent had included so many of the most vigorous alumni, 
and had chosen on such broader lines than any fraternity, that it had 
justified its existence on any terms; others, too, while in sympathy with 
the determination of the Juniors, believing that it should have been 
differently made known. Out of the general chaos of gossip emerged 
this statement of the Owl and Serpent, abandoning its practice of 
secrecy, and so far yielding to the views of the Junior class, but other- 
wise declaring with pride its right to existence. The result of the state- 
ment so far cannot be forecast. The society has as yet pledged no men 
for next year. 



298 



THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE 



To ike Members of the University of Chicago: 

The Society of the Owl and Serpent of the University of Chicago was organized in 
1896 by nine men in the Senior class with a purpose stated as follows: 

To furnish an organization election to which shall be deemed an honorary recog- 
nition of a man's ability and loyalty as shown through his University career; to pro- 
mote in the best manner the student interests in the University; to furnish a means for 
strengthening the bonds of fellowship among the leading men of the undergraduate 
body, and to maintain these bonds throughout life. 

Through the seventeen years since its beginning the aim of the Society has been 
to serve the whole University in the best possible way. Its members have no interests 
as individuals which are not subordinated to the general good of the University and 
the student body. It has always endeavored to include in its active membership a 
number of men in the Senior class who have been notably loyal and successful in 
scholarship or in any of the several forms of student activity during their University 
career, in the belief that by the co-operation of the men of high standing in the Senior 
class, men who have attained this standing by several years of creditable University 
life, much may be accomplished for the University. 

The Society has always believed that election to its membership is not so much a 
recognition of what a man has done, as an opportunity for increased loyalty and service. 
In its elections all consideration of any affiliations of those elected or of any qualifica- 
tions other than those of the individual himself have been avoided. Its roll of member- 
ship is its warrant of good faith. 

The time has come when the Society may make this statement of its purposes and 
ideals without presumption and the secrecy which has been practiced from the begin- 
ning as to its aims and membership is therefore now abandoned. To the end of 
making these things known to all the members of the University this statement is made 
and signed by all the members of the Society of the Owl and Serpent now living. 



Joseph Edward Raycroft 
Henry Gordon Gale 
Henry Tefft Clarke, Jr. 
Charles Sumner Pike 
Raymond Carleton Dudley 
Wallace Walter Atwood 
Frederick D. Nichols 
Carr B. Neel 
WiLUAM Scott Bond 
Philip Rand 
Gilbert Ames Bliss 
Donald Shurtleff Trumbull 
William English Walling 
James Scott Brown 
Harry Delmont Abells 
Marcus Peter Frutchey 
Clarence Bert Herschberger 
John Preston Mentzer 
John Franklin Hagey 
Moses Dwight McIntyre 
Franklin Egbert Vaughan 
George Hoyt Sawyer 
Joseph Edwin Freeman 
Arthur Sears Kenning 
William France Anderson 
Maurice Gordon Clarke 



Allen Grey Hoyt 

Charles Verner Drew 

Ralph C. H.'Vmill 

Willoughby George Waluxg 

Walter Joseph Schmahl 

Leroy Tudor Vernon 

Harry Norman Gottlieb 

Carl B. Davis 

Ralph C. Manning 

Kellogg Speed 

Walter L. Hudson 

Herbert P. Zimmerman 

George G. Davis 

CuRTiss R. Manning 

James M. Sheldon 

Edward C. Kohls aat 

James Ronald Henry 

Eugene Harvey Balderston Watson 

Vernon Tiras Ferris 

Turner Burton Smith 

Thomas Johnston Hair 

Walker G. McLaury 

Platt Milk Conrad 

Frank McNair 

Charles Roland Howe 

Charles Murfit Hogeland 



EVENTS AND DISCUSSION 



299 



Alfrjed Chester Ellsworth 
Henry Davis Fellows 
Walter Murray Johnson 
Arthxtr Evarts Lord 
Howard James Sloan 
Adelbert Turner Stewart 
George McHenry 
Oliver Beacon Wyman 
Clyde Amel Blair 
Lee Wilder Maxwell 
Frederick A. Speik 
James Sheldon Riley 
Henry Durham Sulcer 
Albert William Sherer 
Harry Wilkerson Ford 
Hugo Morris Friend 
Ernest Eugene Quantrell 
Charles Ferguson Kennedy 
Burton Pike Gale 
Mark Seavey Catlin 
Charles Arthur Bruce 
Cyrus Logan Garnett 
Frederick Rogers Baird 
William Gorham Matthews 
Feux Turner Hughes 
Hugo Frank Bezdek 
Lagene Lav ass a Wright 
Earl DeWitt Hostetter 
Harold Higgins Swift 
Sanford Avery Lyon 
John Fryer Moulds 
Donald Putman Abbott 
William Francis Hewitt 
R. Eddy Matthews 
Paul Rowley Gray 
Wellington D. Jones 

WiLUAM EmBRY WrATHER 

Norman Barker 
Frank H. Templeton 
Alvin Frederick Kramer 
Luther Dana Fernald 
Charles Butler Jordan 
Clarence W. Russell 
Paul Vincent Harper 
John J. Schommer 
Ned Alvin Merriam 
Fred William Gaarde 
Walter P. Steffen 
W. P. MacCracken, Jr. 
John Flint Dille 
Renslow Parker Sherer 
Winston Patrick Henry 
Fred Mitchell Walker 
Edward Leydon McBride 
Dean Madison Kennedy 



Howard Painter Blackford 
Herschel Gaston Shaw 
Harlan Orville Page 
Harry O. Latham 
JosiAH James Pegues 
Mansfield Ralph Cleary 
Frank J. Collins 
Charles Lee Sullivan, Jr. 
Samuel Edwin Earle 
rufus boynton rogers 
Paul Hazlitt Davis 
Roy Baldridge 
HiLMAR Robert Baukhage 
Richard Edwin Meyers 
Alfred Heckman Straube 
W. Phillips Comstock 
W. L. Crowley 
Vallee Orville .\ppel 
Nathaniel Pfeffer 
Esmond Ray Long 
Paul E. Gardner 
Hargrave a. Long 
Aleck Gordon Whitfield 
Harold Cushman Gifford 
Edward Bernard Hall, Jr. 
Robert Witt Baird 
Maynard Ewing Simond 
W. P. Harms 
C. G. Sauer 
Raymond James Daly 
Richard Fred Teichgraeber 
James Auston Menaul 
Ira Nelson Davenport 
Walter Jefferson Foute 
Ralph James Rosenthal 
Charles Martin Rademacher 
Earl Ralph Hutton 
Chester Sharon Bell 
Hiram Langdon Kennicott 
Norman Carr Paine 
Halstead Marvin Carpenter 
George E. Kuh 
William C. Bickle 
Donald H. Holungsworth 
Sanford Sellers, Jr. 
Harold Ernest Goettler 
Donald Levant Breed 
Clarence P. Freeman 
Thomas E. Schofield 
Howard B. McLane 
Paul M. Hunter 
Kent Chandler 
James A. Donovan 
William Varner Bowers 



A REVIEW OF SPRING ATHLETICS 

The baseball, track, and tennis seasons of 19 13 all redounded greatly 
to the credit of University of Chicago contenders. In baseball and 
tennis intercollegiate championships were won; in track considerably 
more was accomplished than anyone had thought possible. 

The baseball season opened doubtfully. Last year's infield, the best 
in the West and the best Chicago ever had, was gone; and two- thirds of 
the old outfield were either graduated or ineligible. There remained as 
a nucleus only Mann, catcher; Carpenter, pitcher; Norgren, first base; 
Catron, outfielder; and Scofield, Harger, and Leonard, subs. To make 
matters worse, Mann's arm, it was early rumored, had weakened; and the 
rumor was presently confirmed. Finally, and by way of climax, Mr. 
Stagg announced that he could not return to the University in the 
spring, and that the coaching must therefore devolve on others. 

As an offset to these unfavorable conditions, Desjardien, of last 
year's Freshmen, was known to be a good man, and Baumgardner, 
another Sophomore, had shown great promise as a pitcher. The 
coaching, moreover, was to be continued by H. O. Page, '10, whose 
fire and spirit are too well known to need comment. So a few ventured 
to hope for a successful season. But nobody dreamed of a championship. 
It came, however. The percentage of the three leaders in the conference 
was as follows: 

Chicago won 7, lost 2, per cent .777 
Illinois " 8, " 4, " " -667 
Indiana " 6, " 3, " " .667 

The schedule of Chicago's conference games was as follows: 

Chicago, 12, Iowa 7 Chicago 13, Northwestern i 
" S, Indiana i "3; Minnesota 7 

" 6, Northwestern 4 " 8, Illinois 7 

" 2, Illinois I " 6, Wisconsin 2 

" 4, Purdue 7 

What made possible this unusual showing — unusual for Chicago, 
which had not won a clear championship in baseball since 1896 ? Three 
things — the pitching of Baumgardner, the hitting of the whole team, and 
the clever and effective handling of the team by Page. 

Of the fielding, on the whole the less said the better. No catcher 

300 



A REVIEW OF SPRING ATHLETICS 301 

appeared to take part of the burden from Mann's shoulders; Des- 
Jardien was tried for a while, but he was too green at the job, and 
besides could not be spared from third base. So Mann continued to 
catch well and throw miserably; an opponent on first started for -second 
as a matter of course, and generally arrived, though at certain critical 
instances he was put out. Mann was, however, a valuable player; 
he was active, cool, hit harder than anyone else, and steadied his pitcher 
admirably. The infield consisted of Norgren at first, Scofield at second, 
Catron at short, and Desjardien at third. Norgren fielded fairly well; 
Scofield and Catron occasionally made brilliant plays, but averaged two 
errors apiece per game ; Desjardien was awkward but the steadiest man 
of the lot. The outfield was on the whole better. Gray and Stains, 
both Sophomores, were very fast, and Bohnen (a Sophomore) and 
Harger (a Junior) were pretty sure. All four were given their emblems 
at the close of the season. But the fielding as a whole was discreditable. 

The pitching made up. Baumgardner, a six-foot youth from Wendell 
Phillips, forward on the basket-ball team and prospective end on the 
football team, was almost the whole staff. Carpenter started the Iowa 
game, and was knocked out of the box; Kixmiller (a Sophomore) 
suffered the same fate at the hands of Minnesota. Baumgardner 
finished the Iowa game and won it; went in without warming up against 
Minnesota, and failed to stop them; and at the end of the season, having 
strained a muscle in his back, lost to Purdue. All the other games he 
pitched and won; in only one did he allow more than four hits. He 
has been made various offers by the big leagues, but he will finish out his 
course, which should mean two more baseball championships at least. 
There is no college pitcher in the West to compare with him. 

The team's hitting was very hard. The average for the nine con- 
ference games was .273, five men hitting over .300. The average last 
year was 271, in 191 1 (the open team), 267. The averages follow 
on p. 302. 

Finally, the training of the team was clever. Games with semi- 
professional nines were scheduled constantly, sometimes three a week; 
and this developed both the hitting and that judgment which goes 
so far to help a team out. And in games the men were trained to use 
their judgment. There was plenty of advice from the bench, plenty of 
spurring when the spur was needed; but on the field, at bat, and on the 
bases the men had to use their own heads, not that of the coach; and so 
presently responsibility developed them, and they handled themselves 
better in consequence. Mr. Page is entitled to some honest pride in his 



302 



THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE 



achievement. It might be fair to mention here also that the twelve 
who received their emblems stood for the quarter far higher scholastically 
than the average of men in the University, and higher in fact than the 
group who were honored with University marshalships at the Spring 
Convocation; their strenuous training evidently not disturbing their 
intellects. 



Plays 


Pos. 


Games 


A.B. 


Hits 


Runs 


B.B. 
HP. 


S.H. 


S.B. 


Percent- 
age 


Mann 


C 

istB 

SS 

RF 

3dB 

P 
2dB 
CF 
OF 
OF 
Sub. 
P 
P 
Sub. 


9 
9 
9 
9 
9 
9 
9 
8 

S 
6 

2 
I 

I 


36 
39 
3i 
36 

35 
35 
23 
20 

17 

2 

3 


I 


13 

13 

10 

II 

10 

8 

5 

3 

5 

4 

I 

2 






8 

9 
10 

9 

3 

10 

2 

3 
I 
2 






2-1 
3 

1 1-3 
3 

3-1 
3 


0-2 
3 
3 
2 





2 



I 



4 











4 
8 

5 

2 
2 
2 
I 







.361 

■m 
.322 
•336 
•303 
.228 

•143 
.130 
.250 

•23s 
. i;oo 


Norgren 

Catron 


Gray 

Desjardien 

Baumgardner .... 
Scofield 


Stains 


Bohnen 


Harger 


Leonard 


Kixmiller 

Carpenter 

Kulvinsky 


.667 
.000 
.000 








311 


85 


57 


33-7 


7 


24 




Team average .... 


















• 273 



One disagreeable feature of the season was the case of Freeman, who 
had been elected captain. Freeman in the fall was slightly below an 
average of C. Desirous of playing football, for which he was eligible, 
but which the deans considered unwise in his case, he made an agreement 
that he would not play baseball if he failed to average seven and a half 
grade-points in the Autumn and Winter quarters. This he failed to do; 
but inasmuch as he was nevertheless technically quite eligible, the 
deans were vigorously urged to let him play anyway. Their refusal 
was not accepted by either Freeman or the team as final until the day 
before the last game, when Fletcher A. Catron was at length elected in 
Freeman's place. 

The captain for next year is A. Duane Mann, '14, the catcher. Mann 
is from Ottumwa, Iowa. He is a member of Phi Kappa Psi, as is 
Norgren, football captain-elect — a fact which is interesting as showing 
how completely merit and not fraternity politics controls athletics at 
Chicago. The prospects for next season are excellent. Captain Catron, 
Carpenter, and Scofield are lost. To take their places are Cleary, '14, 



A REVIEW OF SPRING ATHLETICS 303 

Kixmiller, '15, and the following Freshmen: Shull, Perry, and Moulton, 
pitchers; McConnell, Willard, George, infielders; Wilson and Ca\in, 
outfielders, all of whom show promise. Here's luck to 1914. 

The track team began the outdoor season auspiciously ,with a 
victory in the mile relay at the Drake University games at Des Moines, 
Iowa, in April. But the time, 3 . 27^ , was not fast enough to augur very 
well for the championships at Pennsylvania; where sure enough Chicago 
finished fourth in the same race, Illinois winning rather easily. Ward 
showed good speed in the hundred, but Thomas was very weak in the 
vault. 

Two dual meets followed, one with Northwestern, which was won 
with unexpected ease, and one with Illinois, which was lost by about 
the anticipated score. The Northwestern meet for sheer lack of interest 
surpassed anything of the sort ev'er seen on Marshall Field. Chicago 
won all the places in the 100 and 220, and first and second in both 
hurdles; Northwestern won all the places in the half, mile, and two-mile. 
Only in the quarter was there the least competition. The Illinois meet 
was a little more spirited, but as here too Chicago had no one in any of 
the longer races who could run fast enough to keep the leaders in sight, 
there was little thrill. 

By the time of the Conference, held this year at Madison, the caliber 
of the team was pretty clear. Campbell, the only man available in the 
longer runs, had hurt his leg early in the year, and was in no sort of form, 
having been able to exercise only three or four times in the whole season. 
In the weight events also, Chicago was worse than mediocre. In fact, 
the team practically consisted of Parker in the dashes, Kuh in the hurdles, 
and Thomas in the vault. These three were supported on the track by 
Wood, Knight, Matthews, and Breathed, and in the weights and jumps 
by Norgren, Desjardien, and Gorgas. Such a team could expect little in 
dual meets, but might hope to do fairly well in the Conference, where 
points are widely scattered. In the outcome Chicago took fourth place 
with 17 points, Illinois winning deservedly, and Wisconsin and Cali- 
fornia following. Parker won the dashes, and Kuh the low hurdles. 

These two men were the sensations of the year. Kuh, who had 
been a steady if not a lucky high hurdler, but had never done much in 
the low, changed both his ambition and his form this year, and became 
unbeatable over the longer distance, twice defeating Case of Illinois, and 
distancing Kirksey of Missouri, who won last year. He ran both in the 
Illinois meet and in the Conference in 25 flat, not remarkable, but 
fast enough to win in the West as a rule. Parker's case was still more 



304 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE 

surprising. He came to Chicago two years ago from Miami, where he 
had done some running, and indoors he showed promise, but was not 
thought to equal Ward. Outdoors he soon proceeded to exhibit his 
class. He has not been beaten in either the loo or the 200 this year 
and has won both of them consistently in even time. 

One lesson of the season is that without some better system Chicago 
will fall hopelessly into the rear in track. Long-distance running must 
be encouraged by every means in the power of the athletic department; 
and the weight men and jumpers should be forced to work more con- 
sistently. Their practice this spring was a sickening farce. For days 
at a time no one appeared at all; spasmodically Norgren, Desjardien, 
Gorgas, or Canning would work half an hour or so, and then call it a 
week's training. With any real practice our weight men could be in 
the front rank in the West; training as they do, it is a wonder Chicago 
ever wins a point. 

The prospects for next season are fair, though both Kuh and Parker 
are lost. Several Freshmen, notably Boyd in the quarter and broad 
jump, Barancik in the dashes, and Stegeman in the half, are almost if 
not quite first class. Campbell should be in form again in the distances; 
Ward will be very good ; and there are a number of others who promise 
well. The captaincy is unsettled. Parker was elected, but under a 
misapprehension; as a matter of fact he has already 36 majors and will 
be ineligible to compete again. 

The tennis season was a series of victories so easy as to be 
monotonous. Neither Green nor Squair lost a match until the finals 
in the intercollegiates, when they met, and to the surprise of nearly 
everybody. Green won in five hard sets. The fact is that Green is a 
much improved player this year; and moreover Squair is a man who 
starts his game slowly in the spring, and is not at his best till July at 
the earliest. Squair was elected captain for next season. He will be 
supported by K. MacNeal, '16, and the championship in both singles 
and doubles is as good as Chicago's already. 



HOW HOLLAND MANAGES HER 
COLONIES^ 

By JONKHEER JOHN LOUDON 

Netherlands' Minister to the United States 



Mr. President, Ladies, and Gentlemen: 

It is indeed a pleasure for me to be with 
you and to address you on this festive 
occasion. Since last night's reception, 
moreover, 1 feel as if I knew most of you 
personally, in particular my fellow- 
candidates for graduation. It pleases 
me above all to see among you so many 
and such charming representatives of the 
fair sex. Perhaps the expression of this 
feeling will not surprise you, coming as it 
does from a Hollander, one who has the 
honor of representing in your country a 
Queen, worshiped by her people, not only 
on account of her personal qualities and 
achievements, but also because she is the 
lineal descendant of a house whose history 
is closely interwoven with the history of 
independence and liberty in the Nether- 
lands, because, in a word, she is the living 
symbol of Holland's unity, Holland's soul, 
and Holland's aims. 

Holland's aims: they are not limited to 
that little strip of land bordering the 
North Sea, the land of dykes and canals, 
of meadows and windmills, the land of 
peace that has known so many struggles 
of old, struggles with the elements as well 
as with men. Holland's aims reach far 
beyond the seas, to that East Indian 
archipelago which has been hers for over 
three hundred years. It is of those 
colonies that I wish to speak to you. 

How to manage a colony, or, as I 
should call it in this country, an "insular 
possession," is a question that may well 
interest the rising generation of America, 
since this great Republic assumed, some 
fifteen years ago, the responsibility of 
controlling a large group of islands in 
the tropics, with millions of inhabitants, 
islands that some of you wish you never 
had taken, and therefore are eager to 
relinquish, while to others, perhaps the 
majority, it seems as though it were the 
nation's duty to guard and develop those 
dependencies for years to come. 

We are near neighbors in that part of 
the world, the southwestern section of the 
Pacific. You in the Philippines, we in 



our East Indies, at an arm's length from 
each other, have today the same purpose, 
the uplifting of the native population, 
its moral, intellectual, and economic 
development. We have also similar 
difficulties to contend with. Let me 
then tell you what Holland has done in 
the three centuries of her connection with 
that island empire, and what she ho()es 
to do in the near future. 

In the sixteenth century Holland was 
the great freight carrier of Europe. Spain 
and Portugal had the monopoly of co- 
lonial trade. In the year 1585 Phillip 
the Second, then King of Spain and 
Portugal, whose despotic sway the United 
Provinces under the inspiring leadership 
of the great William of Orange had ab- 
jured, seized our ships in all the Penin- 
sular ports. Our plucky tradesmen 
thereupon resolved to sail to the East 
Indies. This meant trading sword in 
hand. The great risk and expense soon 
made it essential for the various small 
companies to act conjointly, the more 
so as competition between them threat- 
ened to become destructive. Under 
government auspices a trust was then 
formed, March 20, 1602. The "East 
Indian Company," as it was styled, was 
chartered by the States General, with 
extensive rights, also political, as far as 
required for its dealings with the natives. 
Its object was monopoly, its activity was 
decidedly on the lines of "restraint of 
trade," but then — at that ef)och of his- 
tory no "Sherman law" was or could be 
devised ! 

In 1609 the first Governor-General of 
the Company's East Indies was appointed 
by the States General, with, at his side, an 
advisory board, the Council of India. 
The Company had to fight both the Eng- 
lish and the Portuguese. In 16 19 Batavia 
was founded on territory conquered from 
the English. Dissension between the 
native monarchs, for monarchs they were 
(even Marco Polo, in the thirteenth cen- 
tury, mentions them as such), helped the 
company to extend its dominion. 



' Delivered on the occasion of the Eighty-seventh Convocation of the University, 
held in Hutchinson Court, June 10, 1913. 

30s 




JONKHEER JOHN LOUDON 

Netherlands' Minister to the United States 



HOW HOLLAND MANAGES HER COLONIES 



307 



The Company started with the idea of 
buying cheap and selling dear. Dealings 
with the native people, however, were 
unsatisfactory. Therefore, the Governor- 
General made contracts with the rulers, 
often acquiring territorial compensation 
and trading privileges in exchange for 
assistance against other chieftains. In a 
way the Company's rule was a blessing to 
the natives, because it secured peace. 
"The East Indian Company was more 
greedy than cruel," said a Dutch author, 
yet oppression was inevitable. Com- 
pared with the low standard of the primi- 
tive organization, judging also from the 
growth of population, the condition of 
the natives, nevertheless, was prosperous. 
One of our historians justly remarks that 
the history of the Company is one of 
energy, perseverance, and pluck on the 
one hand, of shortsightedness and 
heartlessness on the other. 

Declining trade and wars in Europe 
caused our republican government of 
1798 to put an end to the Company's 
charter and assume direct control over 
the colonies. The Napoleonic wars had 
their echo in East India. Napoleon's 
brother Louis, during four years king of 
Holland, sent a strong autocratic ruler 
to Java, Marshal Daendels. Shortly 
after Daendels had returned to Europe 
the English, at war with Napoleon, took 
possession of the islands, always with the 
intention of ultimately returning them to 
us, the wording of Lord Minto's instruc- 
tion being that the East Indies were 
"not to be permanently occupied." For 
five years Sir Stamford Raffles was 
Lieutenant-Govemor-General of Java, 
and to him we owe much that has bene- 
fited the colonies, much that had been 
recommended already by our clever, 
liberal-minded Dirk Van Hogendorpt who 
had visited Java a few years before. After 
Nap>oleon's fall, England returned the 
whole archipelago to us by virtue of the 
Convention of London, of 18 14. 

In 1815 the Congress of the Powers, 
at Vienna, joined Holland and Belgium 
into a new kingdom. This union was 
and soon proved to be a far too artificial 
one. In 1839, after more than one 
bloody encounter between the North 
and the South, the separation, practically 
brought about eight years before, was 
completed by treaty, the colonies all 
remaining to the North, the present 
kingdom of the Netherlands. 

The actual management of the East 



Indies, as a government dependency, 
began in 1814. At first, and up to 1848, 
the year of the great liberal wave that 
swept over Europe, breaking the reaction 
which had followed upon the French 
revolution and the ensuing Napoleonic 
era, the colonies were considered crown 
dependencies. Our Parliament, the so- 
called States General, had no control 
whatsoever over the Indies. 

During our costly struggle with the 
Belgian provinces, Netherlands India 
was booked by the mother country for a 
debt of 236,000,000 florins, which repre- 
sented an annual revenue to our excheq- 
uer of 10,000,000 florins. Parliament 
then began to raise its voice, but not 
before the revision of our constitution 
in 1848 was the control of the States 
General definitely established. Six years 
later a bill was passed which, up to the 
present date, is regarded as the consti- 
tution of Netherlands India. 

According to that law, the colonies are 
governed as of old, by a Governor- 
General, assisted by a board of five 
advisers, the Council of India, appointed 
by the crown. A colonial budget, to- 
gether with a report on the state of the 
islands, is annually presented to and 
pa,ssed upon by the States General. 

The Grovemor- General is compelled in 
some matters, chiefly legislative, to ask 
the Council's advice; if he dissents he 
must make his reasons known to the 
Colonial Minister. In case of emergency 
he is entirely free to act at his own dis- 
cretion. He has under his orders an 
extensive bureau, the General Secretariat, 
and several departments. Our govern- 
ment being, since 1848, a parliamentary 
one, the ministers are responsible not to 
the crown, but directly to Parliament; 
it follows that, while the Governor- 
General practically wields a great p)ower 
in India, the States General may, at any 
moment, call the Minister of the Colonies 
to account for the Governor-General's 
policies. The result of this supervision 
of Parliament has been to stimulate 
enormous changes within the last fifty 
years. 

The system, is, in fact, a simple one; 
it is the single-headed rule of the King's 
representative, who in turn is represented 
in Java by several so-called Residents, 
presiding over sections of the island, all 
these sections being subdivided into 
smaller districts. In the outlying islands 
either Governor or Residents are the main 



3o8 



THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE 



authority. But the cornerstone of our 
colonial administration lies in the great 
principle that the natives are to be 
governed by their own chiefs, under the 
direct supervision of Dutch officials. As 
Professor Clive Day, of Yale, correctly 
expresses it in his scholarly work. The 
Dutch in Java, we have kept our place, 
not by driving the native rulers out, but 
by co-operating with them; our success 
and failure depended on the use or 
misuse of the opportunities afforded by 
native institutions. 

It would lead me too far to give you 
a detailed description of the system in 
the different islands of our archipelago. 
In some parts we have direct control, 
and in other conditional self-government 
under native rulers. Java is the most 
densely populated, the most completely 
organized, the most civilized of the 
islands. Every Resident in Java has, 
next to him, one or more native Regents, 
always scions of the old reigning families, 
hereditary as far as possible, but specially 
confirmed by our government. The 
Regent forms the link between the 
Dutch and the native government. 
Under the Residents are the Assistant- 
Residents and "Controllers" (Dutch 
officials), under the Regents the native 
"Wedanas" and "Assistant-Wedanas." 
Below these the Village communities have 
always retained their democratic form of 
government, with freely elected village 
chiefs. Aside from the supervision of 
tax gathering, the principal task of the 
"Controllers," in regard to the village 
groups, is to see that the Assistant- 
Wedanas carry out the clause of the 
colonial constitution which provides that 
the natives shall be governed in con- 
formity with their traditional institutions, 
as far as these are not incompatible with 
justice. The Controllers and the We- 
danas are perhaps the most important of 
all our officials. The average Wedana is 
both intelligent and efficient. 

The native chiefs have no legislative 
power whatsoever. Their rank is always 
recognizable by the stripes on their 
"Payung," or official parasol, which, like 
all outward forms, plays an important 
part in the relations between governors 
and governed in that oriental country. 
They use the Dutch flag and are salaried 
by the government, with the exception of 
village chiefs, who are paid by the vil- 
lagers themselves. Raffles sought to 
minimize the position of the Regents. 



We, on the contrary, have strengthened 
it, and in a law of 1820 termed them very 
appropriately "younger brothers" to the 
Residents. It is in a great measure 
owing to this treatment that when in 
1825 Dipo Negoro, Sultan of Jogjakarta, 
rebelled against the Dutch government, 
the Regents, on the contrary, sided with 
us. 

Our success in Java is due to the con- 
fidential relationship between the Dutch 
and the native officials no less than to the 
fact that the Japanese aristocrat is ready 
to follow his Dutch leaders while the 
people follow their native chiefs. 

In a small part of central Java, we 
have maintained as a last vestige of the 
sovereignty of the empire of Mataram, 
subdued by the East Indian Company in 
1755) two nominally independent but 
virtually very dependent Princes, the 
Sultans of Jogjakarta and Surakarta. 
They are salaried by our government 
and may in addition raise certain taxes. 
They live in luxurious courts. Their 
dominions are governed by a sort of 
grand-vizir, appointed "with the advice 
and consent" — as you would say — of the 
Governor-General. Their body-guard is 
Dutch ! In each of their capitals a Dutch 
official resides and has continual dealings 
with them, to say nothing of his entire 
control of the situation. 

The attainments required from our 
European officials to enter the Civil 
Service are very high. The noted 
French author, Chailley-Bert, praises 
them as representing the highest standard 
of efficiency. The judiciary, I am happy 
to say, is of a particularly high standard. 
In the administration of justice, full 
consideration is given to the native 
unwritten laws and customs, called 
"adat," and which, at least in Java, are 
strongly interwoven with Mohammedan 
canonic law. We are at present endeavor- 
ing to form native lawyers by means of a 
school of native law instituted in 1909. 

Our colonial army consists of some 
33,000 men, one-third of whom are white, 
the others colored. The military service 
is voluntary. The officers, all white, 
number about 1,325. 

Since 1854 the currency of Netherlands 
India is based upon the gold standard; 
silver may be coined only by the state. 
The Java Bank, under government 
supervision, issues notes and acts as a 
central bank. 

The tariff is low (6 per cent ad valorem) 



HOW HOLLAND MANAGES HER COLONIES 



309 



and in no manner discriminatory. Our 
policy toward foreign enterprise is that 
of the Open Door. 

The press is free in Netherlands India, 
but the Governor- General may, for the 
sake of public order, enjoin an editor to 
discontinue publishing; he may even go 
so far as to cause the printing office to be 
closed. All editorials have to be signed 
and replies to personal attacks must be 
accepted. 

Political meetings and associations 
that might endanger public peace are 
prohibited. 

As regards landed property the old 
principle that the sovereign is lord of the 
soil still obtains, the State of the Nether- 
lands being successor to the former 
native sovereigns. Landed property was 
in the first 36 years of the nineteenth 
century sold to Europeans; since then 
(excepting in cities) the government 
grants only leases; 75 years is the limit 
for uncultured lands. The tenure of 
land by natives is either individual or 
communal, the latter form being the 
most usual. In the cultivation of his 
soil the native is at the present day 
quite free. On the other hand, in order 
to protect him against usurers, as ex- 
perienced in British India, no transfer 
of native land to non-natives is allowed 
without consent of the government. 

In connection with this and so as to 
give you a correct idea of the remarkable 
change that has of late occurred in regard 
to our conception of the rights and duties 
of the metropolis versus the colonies, I 
must go back to the year 1836, when, in 
view of rendering India more profitable 
to the Home Exchequer, a so-called 
"Culture System" was introduced in 
Java by Governor-General Van den 
Bosch, and gradually applied to a portion 
of the island estimated at about one- 
twentieth of the arable land. This 
system, the only redeeming feature of 
which perhaps was that it made the 
naturally lazy and shiftless native work, 
brought millions to the mother country, 
but when Holland fully realized that 
those millions were in many instances 
bought at the cost of vexation and 
oppression of the natives, a clamor arose 
in Parliament and in the country, which 
led to the gradual abolishment of the 
system. The principle of the forced 
culture system was the following: 

Instead of paying the existing land tax 
in the form of a proportion of the crop, 



the village communities were henceforth 
to place at the government's disposal a 
certain part of their land and a propor- 
tion of their labor; on that part of the 
land, the natives were to raise export 
products such as coffee, sugar; tea, 
indigo, etc., grown under direction of 
govenmient contractors, the product to 
be delivered at a fixed and very low rate. 
The government's profit consisted in ship- 
ping those goods to Europe and selling 
them at from 50 to 100 and in some cases 
even up to 200 per cent of the original 
cost. It is to be observed that forced 
labor had existed in Java for centuries. 

Governor- General Van den Bosch and 
his early successors earnestly believed 
the System would increase prosjierity 
among the natives, and alleviate the 
burthen of the land tax. Prosperity 
seemed so obvious that the system was 
highly praised even by a British-Indian 
official, J. W. B. Money, whose book, 
published in 1 86 1 , was — strange to say — 
far more severely criticized in Holland 
than in England. The spirit of the whole 
system was bad. What it very soon led 
to was the collecting of revenue at any 
cost; commissions were given to the 
Residents, the Regents, the WedanSs, 
in short every intervening official had 
his share of profit of the native's labor. 
Gradually the proportion of land set 
apart for government culture was in- 
creased; instead of one- fifth, as it first 
was, it grew to be one-half of the village 
lands. The great objection for the na- 
tives lay in the enormous distances they 
had to walk in order to work on the 
government land. While profitable to 
the cultivators in some parts, in most 
places the system was intolerable, even 
after the reforms introduced by virtue 
of the new colonial constitution. In 
Holland, at first, no one realized the 
truth. The glowing accounts of the 
colonies' prosperity, the enormous reve- 
nues, hypnotized the public, but mean- 
while a new class of men, liberals opposed 
alike to monopolies and compulsion, had 
entered Parliament. In i860 a yet 
famous book. Max Havelaar, revealing 
some of the abuses of the system, and 
written by an ex-ofiicial of literary 
genius, Douwes Dekker, stirred the public 
sentiment in somewhat the same manner 
as Uncle Tom's Cabin did on this side of 
the Atlantic. The Treasury, however, 
could not do without the funds. In Par- 
liament the fight was a long one. It was 



3IO 



THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE 



not before 1870 that a new land law 
abolished the system, safeguarded native 
rights, and encouraged what was becom- 
ing so necessary, European ijrivate 
enterprise. The remarkable result of 
European enterprise with free labor has 
never proved more striking than of late 
years, in the cultivation of sugar in Java; 
the land on the sugar plantations is 
rented from the native owners, which 
they most readily agree to, because by 
law it must be returned to them after a 
certain time; moreover the period for 
preparing the crop coincides with the 
time when the native rice crop has just 
been gathered. The sugar production 
in Java is carried out on the most scien- 
tific basis. The yields are enormous; 
the benefit to the population at the 
present day is estimated at from fifty 
to sixty million florins a year; in a word, 
the highest mark is reached. This was 
lately confirmed by the impartial report 
of a German investigator. It was also 
confirmed to me by your present Secre- 
tary of Commerce, who has visited our 
colonies a short time ago. 

The Javanese laborer, when not bound 
by contract to a planter, does not work 
for the European market. He has no 
funds, he has no foresight, he is always 
in debt; long before the Dutch came, 
credit bondage existed, and was equal to 
slavery. We have abolished it as well as 
we abolished in i860 what remained of 
slavery among the natives. Of all the 
forced government cultures introduced 
by the System, only that of cofifee has 
been retained to a certain extent in a few 
Residencies of Java, but also this one is 
rapidly decreasing, and most effective 
measures have been taken by the govern- 
ment to prevent all vexation of the native 
laborers. 

Together with the Culture System, 
forced personal service, a remnant of 
former native conditions, is being gradu- 
ally abolished. In most cases it has been 
replaced by a small head tax. In the 
sections of our possessions, where it still 
exists, it is reduced to a limit of from 
forty to eight days labor in the year. 

The tax that proves to be the best and 
least oppressive for the natives is the 
Land Tax. It was introduced by Raffles, 
but completely remodeled by us. The 
Land Tax is paid by the village com- 
munities (Dessas). A mixed European 
and native commission classes the 
Dessas; the village chief makes the 



apportionment under government super- 
vision. 

Since the repeal of the Culture System, 
our colonial policy has for some years 
wavered between what should be done 
in the interest of the mother country and 
in that of the colonies themselves. A 
long and costly, but successfully ended, 
war with the Sultanate of Acheen, in the 
north of Sumatra, has rendered the adop- 
tion of the latter, less egotistic, policy 
difficult until the close of the last century. 
Since then, however, a notable and very 
general change has taken place in public 
opinion, and we have now chosen the 
only path that is worthy of a great 
colonial power; we have realized that our 
rule over India must find its justification 
in the uplift of the natives. Our policy 
at the present day is built up on more 
ethical lines; we seek the economic, 
political, and moral development of our 
millions of colored brethren; we are 
slowly, with foresight and judgment, 
moving toward self-government. The 
material profits to the mother country 
are none the less for being indirect, 
thanks to the energy displayed by private 
enterprise, encouraged as it is by the 
government. Education seems to be 
the watchword, but education above all 
to be led by judgment and going hand in 
hand with the maintenance of order. 

There is no doubt but that Asia is 
awakening. It would be shortsighted, 
self-destructive policy to close our eyes 
to this fact. The awakening has come 
spontaneously, especially in the last 
decade. We must lead it, not check it. 
We have a privileged condition of things 
in our colonies, especially in Java. In 
British India there seems to be a latent 
hostility between the white and the 
colored races. A noted English author, 
H. Fielding Hall, lately observed in the 
Atlantic Monthly that the Indian in the 
British service is regarded as a traitor; 
with us, on the contrary, the ambition of 
the more educated among the natives is 
to become government oflacials. They 
take pride in speaking of our army, our 
navy, our Queen, etc. The expansion is 
not directed against the western suprem- 
acy, its aim is to lower the high wall that 
separates the East from the West, it tends 
toward assimilation and association. Of 
late years the native aristocracy and also 
the middle class seek to have their chil- 
dren educated on Western lines; they 
even send them to Holland and the stay 



HOW HOLLAND MANAGES HER COLONIES 



in Europe has in most cases proved bene- 
ficial. Some Javanese students have 
taken high honors at Ley den University. 
In Java the number of native pupils at 
European schools is increasing rapidly. 
The demand throughout for schools both 
of higher and lower grade is more than 
the Government can satisfy. Private 
schools are continually being established. 
Many natives want Dutch to take the 
place of their own language at school be- 
cause of the inadequacy of their idioms 
in regard to modem civilization. Expe- 
rience has proved the absolute necessity, 
in an aristocratic country like Java, to 
establish separate schools for the children 
of the native chiefs. It is especially the 
Javanese aristocrat who craves for knowl- 
edge. Since 1880, we are gradually es- 
tablishing schools for preparing native 
officials. Private schools are subsidized 
when they fulfil certain conditions. We 
are beginning to have technical schools, 
but need a great many more. A school 
of native law is attracting many pupils, 
and a special agricultural school for 
natives, connected with the famous 
botanical gardens of Buitenzorg, has 
proved a great success. At Batavia we 
have had for several years a school of 
medicine the standard of which comes 
very near to that of our home univer- 
sities; the Javanese have a remarkable 
adaptability for medical science. In 
other parts of our insular dominion, so- 
cieties are being started for promotion of 
agricultural knowledge, etc. 

In 1908 a Young- Java League was 
founded by natives, under the name of 
"Budi Utomi," its aims being in no 
way political, but merely to further the 
intellectual and economic development 
of the native population. At its open- 
ing session, where many addresses were 
delivered, by Javanese, in Dutch, there 
was also a notable number of women. 
In connection, herewith I may state 
that there is a feminist movement in 
Java, a movement among the daughters 
of the Regents to educate and in every 
way develop the native women. Our 
government encourages the creation of 
girls' schools, and in many cases, girls 
attend the schools for boys. Already 
daughters of Regents, who formerly 
might not leave the palace precincts 
without a guard, are seen bicycling on 
the highroads. SufiFragette parades and 
hunger strikes are, I am happy to say, 
not yet discernible in the Javanese 
woman's mind! 



Of late years we have understood that 
more decentralization was necessary, 
especially in the government of cities. 
By virtue of a law of 1905 the govern- 
ment is gradually granting more self- 
government to most of the Residencies 
of Java, by making them juridic persons 
with, to a certain yet limited extent, 
their own finances, and the disposal of 
certain local taxes, the object being to 
leave local matters to be attended to by 
local bodies, consisting of Europeans and 
natives, for both of these should be heard 
in provincial and municipal assemblies. 
The system is as yet in its initial stage. 
More financial independence has proved 
one of its necessary features. 

There is also a strong movement now in 
favor of separation of the finances of the 
mother country and the colonies. There 
is little doubt but that this will be carried 
out in the near future. On the whole we 
no longer regard our East Indies as pos- 
sessions. They form part of the realm, 
and a very important part, which should 
be treated on lines of equality. 

There is one more point to which I 
wish to draw your attention. In the 
Philippines I believe you have not to 
contend as we have in a great part of our 
colonies with that most conservative ele- 
ment, Mohammedanism, which was in- 
troduced in Java in the fifteenth, in 
Sumatra as early as the fourteenth, cen- 
tury. What orientalists term the "Islamic 
system," the religious system that con- 
stituted itself three centuries after 
Mohammed's death, has now stood still 
for upwards of a thousand years. That 
system is not pliable, it is not adaptable 
to modem civilization; it cannot evolve 
to meet present conditions. This has 
been clearly demonstrated by our great 
Orientalist Snouck Hurgronje. Pan- 
islamism has not taken root in our 
colonies, nor is it likely to do so, for the 
spontaneous tendency of the native is to 
adopt our civilization, although adhering 
to the strictly religious side of Mohamme- 
danism. Christian missions do splendid 
work in the East Indies, especially as 
educators and instructors. Among the 
heathen there are numberless conver- 
sions, among the Mohammedans very 
few. Nor should we aim at that. Our 
purpose must be to free them from those 
stringent features of the Islamic system 
only that prevent their general evolution. 
We must impart to them the Christian 
spirit of our civilization more than the 
Christian doctrine. In that line the 



312 



THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE 



education of the native woman will be a 
great assistance to us. Uniformity of 
culture will bring us more and more 
together. It is striking to see, even 
among the Mohammedan literati, num- 
bers of fathers who prefer to have their 
sons educated in European schools than 
in their antiquated Mohammedan schools 
and realize that in doing so they are not 
forsaking their religion. The govern- 
ment in no way prevents the natives from 
going on pilgrimage to Mekka. On the 
contrary we assist them and protect them 
against all possible vexation on the part 
of middlemen and steamship companies; 
our consul at Djeddah is specially 
intrusted with the protection of the eight 
to nine thousand pilgrims that yearly land 
at that port from Netherlands India. 

The Javanese aristocracy is on the 
whole rather indififerent to religious 
matters; their tolerance is perhaps due 
to the fact that for ages they have come 
in contact with people of different 
religions and races. So, for example, the 
Chinese, who for centuries have been the 
middlemen, especially in Java, and whom 
Raffles called the "life and soul of 
commerce." They were and are manu- 
facturers, traders, money lenders; they 
are a very useful element both to us and 
to the natives, though not much liked by 
the latter. The Chinese number some 
560,000, more than half of which are in 
Java alone. We have been strict in re- 



gard to them, compelling them to live in 
certain city quarters, prohibiting them 
from trading in the interior, and forbid- 
ding them to travel without a special pass. 
Of late, however, our policy toward the 
Chinese is growing more liberal; we 
recognize their usefulness and efficiency; 
we have commenced to subsidize their 
schools. 

In the foregoing I have endeavored in 
a very superficial manner to outline to 
you how Holland manages her colonies. 
I have spoken only of the East Indies and 
in particular of Java. I could have 
started with Surinam in South America, 
the colony which we exchanged in 1674 
with England, for, I regret to say, New 
Amsterdam and New Netherlandon the 
Hudson River! I could have mentioned 
Curacao and its surrounding islets. But 
I preferred limiting myself to that group 
of tropical islands near to yours, so dear 
to us that we give them our finest men, 
our best energies, that we, the apostles of 
Peace, are ready to defend them, if need 
be, with a fleet we are purposely enlarging 
and improving. For Holland of today 
realizes how dependent her reputation 
among the civilized and civilizing nations 
of the world is upon the uplift of the 
thirty-nine million natives who form the 
population of that beautiful archipelago, 
so justly described by the author of Max 
Havelaar as "a girdle of emerald swinging 
around the Equator." 



THE UNIVERSITY RECORD 



THE PRESIDENT'S CONVOCATION STATEMENT' 



Exchange of professors with France. — 
The year now closing has been one of 
much interest in the development of the 
University in many ways. A few im- 
portant matters only are selected for 
presentation today. An arrangement 
has been made between the Department 
of Public Instruction and the Fine Arts 
of the French Republic, on the one hand, 
and the University of Chicago, on the 
other, whereby in alternate years a pro- 
fessor from the University of Chicago 
will give lectures in France and a pro- 
fessor from one of the universities of 
France will give lectures in the Univer- 
sity of Chicago. This arrangement, 
officially ratified by the two authorita- 
tive bodies, will go into operation during 
the coming academic year, and can hardly 
fail to lead to an increased knowledge 
among scholars in each country of the 
scholarship of the other. 

The Durrett Collection. — An important 
acquisition made to the University 
Libraries has been the purchase of the 
Durrett Collection, from Louisville, 
Kentucky. This collection, made dur- 
ing a long lifetime by Colonel Reuben 
T. Durrett, comprises some thirty or 
forty thousand bound volumes, perhaps 
an equal number of pamphlets, and 
a large number of important manu- 
scripts treating especially of the develop- 
ment of the Southwest and the Ohio 
Valley. It is especially rich in materials 
relating to Kentucky. There is also an 
important collection of files of newspapers 
preceding the Civil War. This acquisi- 
tion will be an important addition to the 
resources of the Department of History, 
especially in providing the means for 
research on the fields covered. 

Political Science scholarship. — During 
the last four years, by the generosity of 
of Mr. Harold H. Swift, of the class of 
1907, the Department of Political Science 
has given annually a prize of $200 to the 
undergraduate in the first year of his 
college work who under certain condi- 
tions has passed the best examinations 



at the of>ening of the Spring Quarter on 
the subject "Civil Government in the 
United States." This gift Mr. Swift 
has renewed for the five years to come, 
consenting that the $200 should be di- 
vided and given as a first prize of $150 
and a second prize of $50. This renewal 
of Mr. Swift's gift provides a distinct 
incentive toward interest in the study 
of this important subject. 

Plans of the University with reference 
to buildings. — At the June Convocation 
in 191 2 the Harper Memorial Library 
was formally dedicated. This dedica- 
tion completed a building enterprise 
which had covered several years, and the 
magnitude of which we do not yet, per- 
haps, fully realize. The Library cost 
for building and equipment a little over 
$800,000. This represents almost exactly 
the cost of the following buildings com- 
bined: namely, the Bartlett Gymnasium, 
Hitchcock Hall, the Hutchinson Com- 
mons, the Mitchell Tower, the Reynolds 
Club, and Leon Mandel Assembly Hall. 
Besides this the gift to the University 
for the Library includes about $200,000 
for endowment, so that the building, 
equipment, and endowment combined 
represent a cost to the University of 
about a million dollars. 

Attention has already been called to 
the very important addition to the re- 
sources of the University in the com- 
pletion within the year just closing of the 
addition to Ryerson Physical Laboratory, 
and the reconstruction of the older part 
of that building. This work increases 
the resources of the Laboratory for 
research at least threefold, and provides, 
while not the largest, certainly one of the 
best-equipped physical laboratories in 
our country. The cost of this addition 
and reconstruction was about $200,000, 
and was the gift of the president of our 
Board of Trustees, Mr. Martin A. 
Ryerson. 

At the meeting of the Board of Trus- 
tees on June 4, 191 2, the following action 
was taken: 



' Presented on the occasion of the Eighty-seventh Convocation of the University, 
held in Hutchinson Court, June 10, 1913. 

313 



314 



THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE 



"The President was authorized to 
announce at the approaching Convoca- 
tion the intention of the University to 
begin within two years: 

"i. The building of a permanent 
wall around the Athletic Field and of 
permanent grand stands. 

"2. The erection of a building for 
Geology and Geography. 

"3. The erection of a Women's 
Gymnasium. 

"4. The erection of a building for the 
Classical Departments." 

In accordance with this action of the 
Board announcement of the intention 
with regard to these four building plans 
was made at the Convocation held June 
II, 1912. 

Shortly after, the old grandstands on 
the athletic field were condemned by the 
city authorities, and it became impera- 
tive at once to proceed with the new 
grandstand and with the wall around the 
field. In order to do this it was neces- 
sary to take what was needed from the 
general funds of the University which 
could be appropriated for this purpose. 
The cost of the improvement is approxi- 
mately $200,000, and besides providing 
for the suitable conduct of such athletic 
contests as may be held under the direc- 
tion of the department, at the same time 
it converts a very unsightly spot in the 
quadrangles into one of its most beautiful 
places. Under the grandstand there is 
room for a large extension of the resources 
for various forms of physical culture and 
athletic training. In this connection a 
gift of about $10,000 from Mr. Harold 
F. McCormick provides adequately 
within this space for commodious racket 
courts. In the remaining space there 
will be opportunity for other develop- 
ment in similar lines. 

The cost of the remaining three build- 
ings was estimated at approximately 
$750,000. The Board of Trustees was 
unanimous in the feeling that no funds 
for buildings, unless under the spur of 
imperative necessity, should be taken 
from the final gift of the Founder, and 
that in every way it was far preferable 
that provision should be made for these 
purposes by private beneficence. Ac- 
cordingly, before proceeding with the 
adoption of plans for the buildings it was 
decided to give opportunity for friends 
of the University to make this provision. 
Meanwhile it seemed wise to the Board 
that in lieu of building for the women 



simply a gymnasium there should be 
under one roof provision for the social 
as well as for the physical needs of women 
students. 

About midsummer an honored trustee 
of the University, Mr. Julius Rosenwald, 
had a birthday, which I perhaps do not 
violate any confidence in saying involved 
his semi-centennial celebration. This 
celebration on Mr. Rosenwald's part 
took the characteristic form of various 
gifts for purposes which commended 
themselves to his judgment. Among 
these was a conditional gift to the Uni- 
versity of $250,000 toward the building 
fund. This fund was not designated for 
any particular building, but might at the 
discretion of the Board of Trustees be 
applied on any one of the three buildings 
or on all of the three, as circumstances 
might warrant. Thus a very encoura- 
ging beginning toward securing the fund 
was owing to the great generosity of 
Mr. Rosenwald. 

The bequest of the late Mrs. Hiram 
Kelly, now amounting to a little over 
$200,000 and intended for a building, was 
then designated toward the building fund 
with the approval of Mr. Rosenwald. 
This brought the fund up to $450,000. 
I now announce the completion of the 
fund by the gift to the University of 
$300,000 for a Women's Building, by an 
eminent citizen of Chicago, Mr. La Verne 
Noyes. I am sure that it will interest 
all at the Convocation if I read the letter 
of gift from Mr. Noyes and the resolu- 
tions adopted by the Board of Trustees. 



LETTER FROM MR. LA VERNE NOYES TO 
THE PRESIDENT OF THE UNIVERSITY 

[copy] " 1450 Lake Shore Drive 

Chicago, May 31, 19 13 
"Dr. Harry Pratt Jtidson, 

President University of Chicago 
58th Street and Ellis Avenue, Chicago 
Dear Sir : Pursuant to our conversa- 
tion, I write to say that I will pay to the 
University of Chicago, in instalments as 
hereinafter mentioned, a total sum of 
Three Hundred Thousand Dollars ($300,- 
000.00) for the construction, on a site 
to be agreed upon, on the campus of the 
University of Chicago, in this city, of a 
building to be used as a social center and 
gymnasium for the women of the Uni- 
versity. It is understood that this build- 
ing is to be a memorial to my deceased 




LA VERNE NOYES 
GLIMPSES OF THE SPRING CONVOCATION 



3i6 



THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE 



wife, Ida E. S. Noyes, and is to be known 
as the 'Ida Noyes Hall.' .... 

"The character and plans of the 
building and the construction of it I shall 
leave to the discretion of the Trustees of 
the University, but I shall be glad to 
co-operate with them in any way that 
seems desirable. 

Yours very truly, 
[Signed] LaVerne Noyes 

action by the board of trustees 
June 4, 19 13 

"Resolved, That the letter of Mr. La 
Verne Noyes dated May 31, 1913, and 
addressed to the President of the Uni- 
versity, be spread on the minutes. 

"Resolved, That his gift of $300,000 
for a women's building to be erected in the 
quadrangles of the University be accepted 
under the conditions and for the purposes 
contained in the letter aforesaid. 

"Resolved, That the thanks of the 
Board of Trustees of the University of 
Chicago are extended to Mr. Noyes for 
this splendid benefaction to the cause of 
education and especially to the welfare 
of the women students of the University. 

"Resolved, further, That the Board, 
while deeply appreciating the magnitude 
of the gift, feels especially gratified that 
there is to be commemorated in the 
quadrangles of the University the name 
of a gracious and gifted woman whose 
rare qualities are well worthy of admir- 
ation and of emulation by successive 
generations of our young women. 

"Finally, it is the confident expecta- 
tion of the Board that the Ida Noyes Hall 
will be an important addition to the 
University quadrangles, not only as in 
itself a stately structure, but as affording 
opportunities for great service in many 
ways to countless students in the long 
ages to come. 

"The President of the University is 
instructed to convey this action of the 
Board to Mr. Noyes." 

The building fund being completed, 
the Board of Trustees has instructed its 
Committee on Buildings and Grounds to 
proceed at an early date with the plans 
for the three buildings. 

I repeat that on June 4, 191 2, the 
Board of Trustees authorized the Presi- 
dent to announce at the then ensuing 
Convocation the intention of the Uni- 
versity to begin within two years: 

"i. The building of a permanent 



wall around Marshall Field and of per- 
manent grand stands. 

"2. The erection of a building for 
Geology and Geography. 

"3. The erection of a Women's Gym- 
nasium. 

"4. The erection of a building for 
the Classical Departments." 

I now announce that at a meeting of 
the Board of Trustees held on June 4, 
1913, the following action was taken: 

"The President was authorized to 
announce at the approaching Convo- 
cation the intention of the University to 
begin within two years: 

" I. The erection of a building for the 
Departments of the Modern Languages 
and Literatures, to be placed immedi- 
ately adjoining the Harper Memorial 
Library on the west. 

"2. The erection of a building for the 
University High School in the quad- 
rangles of the School of Education. 

"3. The erection of a building as a 
students' observatory for the Depart- 
ment of Astronomy." 

Buildings and their general relation to 
current expenditures. — It often is wise in 
the history of any institution of learn- 
ing to defer the erection of buildings in 
order to provide adequately for salaries 
and other current expenses. The matter 
of providing suitably for the faculty and 
for such expenditures as make it possible 
for the faculty to do their work properly 
is undoubtedly of first importance. It is 
also true, however, that proper buildings 
are an important means by which a 
faculty can better carry on their activi- 
ties. The matter of buildings now pro- 
vided has been for years pressing. The 
matter of buildings yet to be provided is 
equally pressing. The University will 
not be in proper shape to do what it 
ought to do, in other words, until on all 
sides it is adequately housed. At the 
same time, the provision fbr building 
has not subordinated provision for other 
needs of the University. This is per- 
haps sufficiently indicated by the fact 
that in the fiscal year 1905-6, in which the 
first steps were taken toward the erection 
of the Harper Memorial Library, the 
total budget expenditures were $1,198,- 
104; budget expenditures provided for 
the fiscal year 1913-14 are $1,617,330. 
This is an increase of approximately 41 
per cent. The proper balance between 
plant and its cost, on the one hand, and 
current expenses, including proper pro- 



THE UNIVERSITY RECORD 



317 



vision for salaries and research, on the 
other hand, will be maintained by the 
University endowment. 



The Eighty-seventh Convocation. — Five 
hundred and sixty-four degrees and certi- 
ficates were conferred at the Eighty- 
seventh Convocation of the University 
held in Hutchinson Court on June 10. 
Of those receiving degrees, one hundred 
eighty-two were men and one hundred 
and seventy-seven were women. Two 
hundred and forty-three Bachelors of 
Arts, Philosophy, or Science were gradu- 
ated. Of those who received the higher 
degrees, seventy were Masters, twenty- 
three Doctors of Law, and twenty-tjiree 
Doctors of Philosophy. Of the last 
mentioned, three were women. Among 
the students graduating at this Convoca- 
tion were five from the families of Faculty 
members, and foreign countries were 
represented by one Armenian, one China- 
man, and three Japanese. 

The Convocation Orator was His 
Excellency Doctor Jonkheer John Loudon , 
minister plenipotentiary and envoy 
extraordinary of the Netherlands to the 
United States, the subject of whose 
address was "How Holland Manages 
Her Colonies." Following the address 
the honorary degree of Doctor of Laws 
was conferred on His Excellency. Doc- 
tor Loudon, who was educated at the 
University of Leyden, entered the dip- 
lomatic service of the Netherlands in 
1891. In 1905 he was envoy extraordi- 
nary and minister plenipotentiary to 
Japan, and since 1908 he has served in 
the same capacity to the United States 
and to the Republic of Mexico. Doctor 
Loudon was the guest of honor at the 
Convocation reception in Hutchinson 
Hall on the evening of June 9, and 
received with President Harry Pratt 
Judson and Mrs. Judson. 

The Convocation Preacher on June 
8 was Professor Charles Richmond 
Henderson, Head of the Department of 
Practical Sociolog>' in the University, 
who recently gave the Barrows Lectures 
in the Orient. 

The Orator for the A utumn Convocation. 
—John Holladay Latan6. professor of 
history in Washington and Lee University, 
Virginia, will be the Convocation orator 
at the close of the Summer Quarter on 
August 29. Professor Latan^ will give 
two courses at Chicago during the second 



term of the Summer Quarter, the first 
being on "The Growth of the United 
States as a World-Power," and the 
second on the "Diplomacy of the Civil 
War Period." Dr. Latan6 is a graduate 
of Johns Hopkins University, from which 
he received his Doctor's degree in 1895. 
He is associate editor of the American 
Political Science Review, a member of 
the American Society of the International 
Law, and the author of Diplomatic 
Relations of the United States and Spanish 
America, and of America as a World 
Power. 

Registrations for the Summer Quarter. 
— The total registration for the Summer 
Quarter at the University on July 5 
was 3,149 students, of whom 1,572 were 
men and 1,577 were women. The total 
registration a year ago on the same date 
was 3,053. For this quarter the regis- 
tration in the Graduate Schools of Arts, 
Literature, and Science is 1,063; '" the 
Colleges, 1,025; in the Divinity School 
180; in the Courses in Medicine 96; in 
the Law School 132; and in the College 
of Education 754. The total in the 
Professional Schools is 1,162 as compared 
with 1,014 a year ago. 

New appointments and promotions. — 
Among the appointments recently made 
by the University Board of Trustees 
is that of Tom Peete Cross, Ph.D., as 
Associate Professor of English and Celtic 
in the Department of English. Pro- 
fessor Cross comes from the University 
of North Carolina, where for the past 
year he has been professor of English. 
He was formerly instructor in English 
at Harvard University and has received 
from that institution the degrees of A.M. 
and Ph.D. Another recent appointment 
is that of Herman Campbell Stevens to 
an associate professorship of Education 
in the School of Education. Promotions 
recently announced include those of 
Gilbert Ames Bliss and Herbert Ellsworth 
Slaught to professorships in Mathematics; 
Elizabeth Wallace to an associate pro- 
fessorship in Romance; George Carter 
Howland to an associate professorship in 
the History of Literature; and Dudley 
Billings Reed to an associate professor- 
ship in Physical Culture. 

The new Secretary of the Board of 
Trustees. — At the annual meeting of the 
Board of Trustees of the University held 



3i8 



THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE 



June 24, Mr. J. Spencer Dickerson, 
Litt.D., was elected its secretary, suc- 
ceeding Dr. T. W. Goodspeed, retired. 
Mr. Dickerson has been a trustee of the 
University for several years. He has 
been connected with The Standard, of 
Chicago, the leading Baptist newspaper 
in the United States, for many years, 
and at present is its senior editor. While 
assuming his new duties as secretary at 
the University, he still continues his 
relationship to The Standard, and will 
give general editorial supervision to the 
work. Rev. Clifton D. Gray (Ph.D., 
of the University of Chicago, '01), is 
the efficient associate editor of The 
Standard. 

An ecological conference at the Uni- 
versity. — ^An important Ecological Con- 
ference was held this month at the Uni- 
versity, the following series of illustrated 
lectures on "The Relation of Plants and 
Animals to Environment" being given 
in Kent Theater beginning July 16, when 
Associate Professor Henry C. Cowles, of 
the Department of Botany, spoke on 
"Principles and Problems of Ecology as 
Illustrated by Plants." On July 18 Dr. 
Victor E. Shelford, of the Department 
of Zoology, discussed "Principles and 
Problems of Ecology as Illustrated by 
Animals." Lecturers in the conference 
from other institutions included Arthur 
G. Tansley, of Cambridge University, 
who spoke on "British Landscapes"; 
Professor Carl Schroter, of the University 
of Zurich, whose lecture on "The Lake 
Dwellings and Lake Dwellers of Ancient 
Switzerland" was given in Leon Mandel 
Assembly Hall; Professor Stephen A. 
Forbes, of the University of Illinois, 
whose subject was "Fish and Their 
Ecological Relations"; and Professor 
William M. Wheeler, of Harvard Uni- 
versity, who discussed in two lectures 
"The Habits of Ants." 

A new editorship for a Chicago man. — 
Professor Robert R. Bensley, of the 
Department of Anatomy, has just been 
made one of the editors of the Inter- 
nationale Monatsschrift fiir Anatomic und 
Physiologic, published in Leipzig. This 
is one of the leading anatomical journals 
of the world and is noted particularly for 
its remarkable illustrations in color. 
The appointment of an American editor 
is expected to have a marked effect in 
widening the constituency of the journal 



in this country. The American agency is 
in the hands of the University of Chicago 
Press. 

Visit to the University of the Inter- 
national Peace delegates. — Eighteen dele- 
gates to the International Peace Con- 
ference to consider plans for the celebra- 
tion of the hundredth anniversary of the 
Treaty of Ghent visited the University 
on May 16. At the meeting in Leon 
Mandel Assembly Hall, President Harry 
Pratt Judson, who had attended the con- 
ference of peace delegates in New York, 
presided and gave the address of welcome, 
and Sir Arthur Lawley, former lieutenant 
governor of the Transvaal and governor 
of Madras; Mr. T. Kennard Thompson, 
president of the Canadian Club of New 
York: and Dr. E. R. L. Gould, formerly 
of the University of Chicago, made 
addresses. The hall was filled with an 
enthusiastic audience of students. 

New officers of Sigma Xi. — Pro- 
fessor Robert Andrews Millikan, of the 
Department of Physics, who recently 
received the Comstock prize from the 
National Academy of Sciences for re- 
searches in electricity and magnetism, 
was elected on May 23 president of the 
local chapter of Sigma Xi. Associate 
Professor Henry C. Cowles, of the 
Department of Botany, was elected vice- 
president of the chapter, and Dr. Rollin 
T. Chamberlin, of the Department of 
Geology, secretary. 

Acquisitions for the Walker Museum. — • 
For several years the Department of 
Paleontology has been concentrating its 
efforts on the Permian deposits found 
in several of the western and southwestern 
states. These deposits are probably the 
most difficult to work in of all the verte- 
brate-bearing strata, but they are un- 
doubtedly the most interesting, for in 
them are found peculiar amphibians and 
reptiles of primitive structure that come 
close to the beginnings of vertebrate air- 
breathing life. Mr. Paul C. Miller and 
Mr. M. G. Mehl have just returned from 
a two months' expedition in the Red Beds 
of Texas, the fourth expedition into that 
region by the University of Chicago 
paleontological department. Each year 
has added much material new to science, 
so that the Walker Museum now possesses 
the largest and most valuable collection of 
Permian vertebrates in the United States. 



THE UNIVERSITY RECORD 



319 



The cases contain many complete skele- 
tons and skulls of these early animals, 
skilfully prepared and mounted, and 
many of these will probably never be 
duplicated by any other museum in the 
world. The material collected by the 
last expedition has not yet been prepared 
but it is quite certain that some new 
forms will be made known to science, and 
a large amount of duplicate material will 
also be added to the Museum's collec- 
tions. 

Award of prize scholarships. — As the 
result of the scholarship prize examina- 
tions held at the University in which 312 
students from the Senior classes of co- 
operating high schools took part, nine 
University scholarships for next year 
have been assigned to the successful con- 
testants. The value of each scholar- 
ship is $120. Representatives from 
eighteen schools in Chicago and thirty- 
three outside of the city took part in 
the examinations, which included those 
in Latin, physics, English, history, 
German, mathematics, Romance, read- 
ing, and effective speaking. In addition 
to the winners of scholarships, twenty- 
eight students received honorable men- 
tion for their meritorious work in the 
examinations. 

The University Orchestral Association. 
— For the season of IQ13- 14 the Uni- 
versity Orchestral Association has ar- 
ranged a series of nine concerts in the 
Leon Mandel Assembly Hall — six by the 
Chicago Symphony Orchestra under 
the direction of Frederick A. Stock, and 
three special artist recitals by Mme. 
Julia Culp, soprano of the Metropolitan 
Opera Company; Mr. Leo Slezak, tenor 
of the Metropolitan Opera Company; 
and Mr. and Mrs. David Mannes, who 
will give their famous interpretation 
of sonatas on piano and violin. The 
prices for the season to students will 
remain at the remarkably low rate of 
the past season, ranging from $2.25 to 
$6.25 for the whole series. 

Prise contests in Public Speaking and 
Artistic Reading. — The Julius Rosenvvald 
Public Speaking contest and also the 
Florence James Adams contest in Artistic 
Reading were held in the Leon Mandel 
Assembly Hall on the evening of June 3. 
Five men had been chosen to speak in the 
first contest, and four women and one 



man to read in the second. The first 
and second prizes in the first contest, 
$100 and $50, were won respectively by 
Mr. George Jinji Kasai and Mr. Wilbur 
Albert Hamman; and in the second con- 
test the winners of the $75 and ^25 prizes 
were respectively Miss Beryl Vina Gilbert 
and Miss Mona Quayle. The Milo P. 
Jewett prize of fifty dollars for excellence 
in Bible reading was won by Mr. Donald 
Tillinghast Grey. 

Recent accei,sions to the Unirenity 
Library. — In addition to the recent 
acquisition of the Durrett Historical Col- 
lection of Louisville, Ky., which con- 
tains over 30,000 volumes and an equal 
number of pamphlets, as well as a great 
mass of rare and important manuscripts 
treating of the earlier development of 
the Southwest and the Ohio Valley, 
the University added to the resources 
of the Harper Memorial Librar>' during 
the Autumn and Winter quarters 11,222 
volumes. 



Professor William Gardner Hale, 
Head of the Department of Latin, and 
Director Newman Miller of the Univer- 
sity Press, attended this month the ses- 
sions of the National Education .\ss6cia- 
tion in Salt Lake City, Utah. Pro- 
fessor Hale, as chairman of the special 
Committee of Fifteen on Grammatical 
Nomenclature, presented the report of the 
committee, which has been engaged for 
two years in the preparation of its recom- 
mendations. 

Professor Robert Andrews Millikan, 
of the Department of Physics, received 
from Northwestern University at its 
commencement in June the honorary 
degree of Doctor of Science. 

Samuel Wendell Williston, of the 
Department of Paleontology, received 
from Yale University at its commence- 
ment on June 18 the honorary degree of 
Doctor of Science. Professor Williston 
has also received from Yale the degrees 
of M.D. and Ph.D., and for four years 
was professor of anatomy at the same 
institution. He is the author of a recent 
book on American Permian Vertebrates 
published by the University of Chicago 
Press. 

Charles Hubbard Judd, Director of 
the School of Education, was given the 
honorary degree of Doctor of Laws by 
Wesleyan University, Middletown, Conn., 



320 



THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE 



at its commencement on June i8. Pro- 
fessor Judd is a graduate of that institu- 
tion and for two years was an instructor 
in its department of philosophy. Dr. 
Judd has just been appointed one of the 
American delegates to the International 
Conference on Education to be held at 
The Hague in September. 

Professor Paul Shorey, Head of the 
Department of Greek, was the Phi Beta 
Kappa orator at the recent commence- 
ment of the University of Missouri, and 
also received the honorary degree of 
Doctor of Laws from that institution. 

Dr. Thomas Wakefield Goodspeed, 
who has been connected with the Uni- 
versity since its founding, as Secretary 
of its Board of Trustees, was given the 
honorary degree of Doctor of Laws by 
the University of Rochester at its recent 
commencement. This occasion was the 
fiftieth anniversary of Dr. Goodspeed's 
graduation from that institution. Dr. 
Goodspeed received the honorary degree 
of Doctor of Divinity from the old Uni- 
versity of Chicago in 1885. 

Lorado Taft, Professorial Lecturer 
on the History of Art, received the degree 
of Doctor of Humane Letters from 
Northwestern University at its recent 
commencement . 

Professor Ira Maurice Price, of the 
Department of Semitics, was sent to 
London as a delegate to the Conference, 
on July 4 and 5, of the American and 
British sections of the International 
Sunday School Lesson Committee, of 
which he is the secretary. He was also 
a delegate to the seventh World's 
Sunday School Convention in Zurich, 
Switzerland, July 8 to 15. In August 
and part of September Professor Price 
will be occupied in Leipzig seeing through 
the press the second part of his Great 
Cylhider Inscriptions A and B of Gudea, 
King in Logash, 2450 B.C. He will 
return to his regular work in the Univer- 
sity at the opening of the Autumn 
Quarter. 

Professor Charles Richmond Hender- 
son, Head of the Department of Practical 
Sociology, was elected president of the 
United Charities of Chicago at a recent 
meeting of the board of directors. 
Among the directors are Julius Rosen- 
wald, Mrs. Emmons Blaine, and Dr. 
Henry B. Favill. The organization 
collected last year $271,000 at a cost of 
less than 2 per cent, and 76 per cent of the 
revenues went for direct assistance. 



Dean Shailer Mathews, of the 
Divinity School, was a speaker at the 
recent American Peace Congress in St. 
Louis, the subject of his address being 
"'Christianity and World-Peace." Dr. 
Mathews has also been giving addresses 
in the East, among the institutions at 
which he spoke being Ogontz, the Uni- 
versity of Pennsylvania, and Bryn Mawr. 

Professor Forest Ray Moulton, of 
the Department of Astronomy and 
Astrophysics, has recently been notified 
of his election by the council as a corre- 
sponding member of the British Associa- 
tion for the Advancement of Science. 

Between Eras: From Capitalism to De- 
mocracy is the title of a new book by Albion 
Woodbury Small, Head of the Depart- 
ment of Sociology and Anthropology. 
The volume, of four hundred pages, has 
among its chapter headings the follow- 
ing: "The Problem," "The Mediator," 
"The Philanthropist," "The Safe and 
Sane," "The Insurgent," "The Uncon- 
vinced," "The Moralist," "The Rene- 
gade," "The Sentimentalist," "The Soci- 
ologist," "The Illusion of Capitalism," 
"The Fallacy of Distribution," "The 
Superstition of Property," "The Degen- 
erate," and "The Broader Democracy." 

A new book by Dean James Parker 
Hall, of the Law School, is to be issued 
shortly under the title of Cases on Consti- 
tutional Law. The volume, of about 
1,400 pages, includes notes by the 
author. 

The University of Chicago Press an- 
nounces that the authors ot the Outlines 
of Economics Developed in a Series of 
Problems — Professor Leon C. Marshall 
and Associate Professors Chester W. 
Wright and James A. Field — will publish 
in September a source book of selected 
readings and illustrative material which 
they have assembled for the use of their 
classes in elementary economics. The 
book will contain expository passages 
adapted from standard writings on 
economics, but its distinctive feature will 
be found in an abundance of source- 
material, tables, charts, diagrams, etc., 
chosen to illustrate contemporary eco- 
nomic phenomena and the principles 
underlying them. There will be brief 
explanatory notes to guide the student 
in the interpretation of the material. 

Associate Professor Dudley B. Reed, 
of the Department of Physical Culture, 
was elected president of the Middle 



THE UNIVERSITY RECORD 



321 



West Society of Physical Education and 
Hygiene at the recent conference of the 
society held at the University. Director 
Charles H. Judd, of the School of Educa- 
tion, was chairman of the executive 
committee of the conference, which pre- 
sented resolutions calling for a permanent 
committee on standards for the training 
of physical educators. 

Professor Gerald Bimey Smith, of the 
Department of Systematic Theology, is 
the author of a new book issued by the 
Macmillan Company under the title of 
Social Idealism and the Changing Theol- 
ogy. The book contains the Nathaniel 
VVilliam Taylor Lectures delivered before 
the Yale Divinity School in 191 2. 

Announcement was recently made of 
the joint award to Dr. George L. Kite 
and Mr. Esmond R. Long, graduate 
students in the Department of Pathology 
and Bacteriology, of the Howard Taylor 
Ricketts prize of $250 for original 
research in that department. The prize 
was established by the widow of Dr. 
Ricketts, who died in the City of Mexico 
from typhus fever contracted while 
studying the disease. 

Assistant Professor George Breed Zug, 
of the Department of the History of Art, 
has been appointed assistant professor 
of modem art in Dartmouth College, his 
appointment to begin in September. 
Mr. Zug, who is a graduate of Amherst, 
was for five years Instructor in the 
History of Art at Chicago, and in 1908 
was made an Assistant Professor. 

The Senior class that graduated from 
the University on June 10 voted to 
present to the University as their class 
gift a bronze miniature of the campus. 
This is to be mounted on a stone pedestal 
and placed on the lawn in front of Cobb 
Lecture Hall. 

Announcement is made by the trus- 
tees of the University that the offices of 
the University Examiner and the Uni- 
versity Recorder have been consolidated 
and Mr. Walter A. Payne has been 
appointed to the combined positions. 
Mr. Payne has been the University 
Examiner and also Dean of University 
College. He is succeeded in the latter 
position by Associate Professor Otis W. 
Caldwell, of the School of Education. 

Associate Professor Allan Hoben, of 
the Department of Practical Theology, 
was the University Preacher on July 20, 
and on July 27 Bishop William Eraser 
McDowell, of the Methodist Episcopal 



church. During the month of August 
Professor Gerald Bimey Smith, of the 
Department of Systematic Theolog>', 
Dr. William Byron Forbusch, of Detroit, 
Mich., Dr. Howard Agnew Johnson, of 
Stamford, Conn., and Professor Charles 
R. Henderson, Head of the Department 
of Practical Sociolog>', will be the 
preachers. The last mentioned, who was 
this year the Barrows Lecturer in India, 
will be the speaker on Convocation 
Sunday, August 24. 

Percy Holmes Boynton, Assistant 
Professor in the Department of English, 
is the author of a new volume on Lon- 
don in English Literature, published by 
the University of Chicago Press. The 
book, of 350 pages, has four maps and 
forty-three other illustrations. The 
chapters deal with ten consecutive periods, 
characterized in turn by the work and spirit 
of Chaucer, Shakspere, Milton, Drjden, 
.\ddison, Johnson. Lamb, Dickens, and 
by the qualities of V^ictorian and contem- 
ix)rary London. 

"University Night" was marked on 
July 18 by a program in Leon Mandel 
Assembly Hall which included "The 
History of the University in Picture 
Talks and Songs." by Associate Pro- 
fessor Francis W. Shepardson, of the 
Department of History, and Assistant 
Professor David A. Robertson, of the 
Department of English. The music for 
the evening was fumished by the Uni- 
versity Glee Club, and the University 
Band under the leadership of Assistant 
Professor Fredric M. Blanchard, the reg- 
ular conductor. 

The Board of Trustees has abolished 
the position of Registrar in the Univer- 
sity. The duties formerly attached to 
that office will be administered by the 
cashier, Mr. John F. Moulds. Mr. 
Moulds's office is in the Press Building. 
To him may be referred all questions 
which have been referred in the past to 
the Registrar. Mr. Moulds is a graduate 
of the University, class of 1907. 

At the Eighty-seventh Convocation 
of the University on June 10, four stu- 
dents were elected as members of Sigma 
Xi on nomination of the Departments 
of Science for evidence of ability in re- 
search work in science. Twenty-four 
students were elected to membership in 
Phi Beta Kappa on nomination by the 
University for especial distinction in 
general scholarship. Of these, nineteen 
were women. 



322 



THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE 



Recent contributions by the members 
of the Faculties to the journals published 
by the University of Chicago Press: 

Burton, Professor Ernest D. (with 
A. K. Parker): "The Expansion of 
Christianity in the Twentieth Century," 
IV, Biblical World, May; V, ibid., June. 

Butler, Professor Nathaniel : ' ' Report 
of the Twenty-fifth Educational Con- 
ference of the Secondary Schools in 
Relations with the University of 
Chicago," School Review, June. 

Crocker, Assistant Professor William 
(with L. I. Knight): "Toxicity of 
Smoke" (Contributions from the Hull 
Botanical Laboratory 171) (with four 
figures) , Botanical Gazette, May. 

Fuller, George D.: "Reproduction 
by Layering in the Black Spruce" 
(Contributions from the Hull Botanical 
Laboratory 173) (with six figures), 
Botanical Gazette, June. 

Gale. Associate Professor Henry G. 
(with W. S. Adams): "On the Pressure- 
Shift of Iron Lines," Astrophysical 
Journal, June. 

Hale, Professor William G.: "The 
Classification of Sentences and Clauses," 
School Review, June. 

Jenkins, Professor T. Atkinson: 
" French Etymologies," Modern Philology, 
April. 

Knight, Lee I. (with William 
Crocker): "Toxicity of Smoke" (Con- 
tributions from the Hull Botanical Labor- 
atory 171) (with four figures). Botanical 
Gazette, May. 

Land. Assistant Professor W. J. G.: 
"Vegetative Reproduction in an Ephe- 
dra" (with five figures). Botanical 
Gazette, June. 

Mathews, Professor Shailer: "The 
Sufficiency of the Gospel for the Salva- 
tion of Society," Biblical World, May; 
"The Struggle between the Natural and 
Spiritual Orders as Described in the 
Gospel of John," I, ibid., July. 



Recent commencement addresses by 
members of the Faculties include: 

Atwood, Associate Professor Wallace 
W.: Chicago, Farragut School, June 27. 

Boynton, Assistant Professor Percy 
H.: Mt. Morris, 111., College, May 30; 
Rochelle, 111., June 5; Crystal Lake, 111., 
June 6; Indianapolis, Ind., June 11; 
Aurora, 111., East High School, June 19; 
Muskegon, Mich., June 26. 

Butler, Professor Nathaniel: Carroll, 
Iowa, May 21; Coffeyville, Kan., 
May 26; Paris, 111., May 29; Harris- 
burg, 111., May 30; William and Vashti 
College, Aledo, 111., June 5. 

Caldwell, Associate Professor Otis W. : 
Bunker Hill, Ind., May 9; Wilmington, 
111., May 27; Huntington, Ind., May 28; 
Renssalaer, Ind., May 29; Oxford, Ohio, 
June 6; Watseka, 111., June 13; Highland 
Park, 111., June 18. 

Henderson, Professor Charles R.: 
Chicago School of Civics and Philan- 
thropy, June 6. 

Hoben, Associate Professor Allan: 
Kemper Hall, Kenosha, Wis., June 5. 

Judd, Professor Charles H.: Moline, 
111., May 29; Plymouth, Ind., June 3; 
La Salle, 111., June 11; Dundee, 111., 
June 12; Terre Haute, Ind., Normal 
School, June 13; Harvey, 111., June 26. 

MacClintock, Professor William D.: 
Columbia, Mo., May 28; Cincinnati, 
Ohio, June 4; Marquette, Mich., June 18: 
Gwinn, Mich., June 19. 

Mathews, Professor Shailer: Ohio 
State University, May 26; Ottawa, 111., 
June 4; Marshalltown, Iowa, June 13; 
Mt. Pleasant, Mich., State Normal 
School, June 25. 

Miller, Professor Frank J.: Grand 
Rapids, Wis.; Lowell, Mass; Marseilles, 
111. 

Sargent, Professor Walter: Oxford 
College for Women, June 18. 

Small, Professor Albion W. : Michigan 
State Normal School, June 25. 



FROM THE LETTER-BOX 



To the Editor: 

At the meeting of the executive com- 
mittee of the Chicago Alumnae Club of 
the University of Chicago held Friday, 
June 20, 1913, a motion was passed di- 
recting the president of the club to request 
the Magazine's editor to publish the 
following communication to the alumni. 
Ethel R. McDowell 
President, Chicago Alumnae Club, 
University of Chicago 

A STATEMENT TO ALUMNAE AND ALUMNI 

"In order if possible to explain some- 
what the confusion which seems still to 
exist in regard to the women's reunion 
and supper at the University on Alumni 
Day of this year, and particularly in 
regard to the connection with the matter 
of the Chicago Alumnae Club, this club 
wishes to submit the report of its com- 
mittee on Arrangements, which was read 
at that supper: 

'As the card which the Chicago 
Alumnae Club has sent out indicates, 
it considers the invitations to. the Alumni 
Dinner inexcusably late. Since the local 
club seems to be considered responsbile 
to some extent for the supper for all of 
the women of the general Alumni Asso- 
ciation, we, the Committee on Arrange- 
ments from this local club, wish to state 
what we have done and what has been 
our relation with the general association. 

'The president of this club is ex 
officio a member of the Alumni Council; 
the president of the general Alumni 
Association, who is now Dr. Hamill, is 
ex officio president of the Alumni Council. 
This Alumni Council is the body respon- 
sible for the arrangements for Alumni Day 
and this year it gave the matter into the 
charge of the general association. The 
Chicago Alumnae Club received no com- 
munication whatever from the Alumni 
Council or from the general association. 
But because there had been some dis- 
cussion and there was a rumor about 
that the supper of the local club was to 
coincide with a segregated dinner for all 
of the women of the general association, 
and because the local club thought that 
such a joint meeting would be pleasant 



for it, we sought to co-operate with the 
general association, to leam exactly what 
arrangments had been made, and to 
make the notices of the local club corre- 
spond with those which had probably 
been planned for the general association. 
Then we discovered that no plans were 
being made to send any notices to any 
women, except such as the local club 
might itself be planning to send. That 
provided of course for only the members 
of the the local women's club. The plans 
which we found were further for a stag 
dinner and for a vaudeville for men 
and women. Circulars announcing these 
two events for Alumni Day were to be 
sent to the men graduates of the Uni- 
versity, entirely omitting and ignoring 
the women graduates. A charge was to 
be made for the vaudeville in order to pay 
for the cost of these circulars. During 
the week ending May 24, we had a num- 
ber of conferences and individually and 
as members of the general association 
insisted that in the plans for Alumni Day 
the women should receive equal atten- 
tion with the men. Finally on May 23, 
Dr. Hamill on behalf of the general asso- 
ciation agreed to send out a woman's 
letter to be drafted by us, as broadly as 
the men's letter was to go; to take care 
of the list of the Chicago Alumnae Club; 
and to have the letters mailed by Thurs- 
day, May 29. A draft of the women's 
letter was finally sent, was delivered on 
the morning of May 24 to Mr. Dille, 
who had charge of the circularizing work 
for the general association. By Monday, 
June 2, the letters had not been received, 
and on Monday and Tuesday we tried 
to get information from Mr. Dille. On 
Tuesday, admitting that the letters had 
not yet been sent, he said that he would 
not be "nagged" any more, that the 
"girls" had made the trouble and would 
have to stand for it; and seemed to hang 
up his telephone when asked what house 
had charge of the matter for the asso- 
ciation. But in the evening of that 
day. Dr. Hamill reported to the Council 
that he had been told that the letters 
were all mailed at 4 o'clock that after- 
noon. This committee has not sought 
to check up the time of the receipt of 



323 



324 



THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE 



those letters. You can only each of you 
know whether you got your letter at all 
and when; and whether you received 
anything more than the postal card 
which was sent out by the local club 
when it was seen how desperately late 
the letters of the general association were 
surely going to be. 

'It is now agreed that the money 
derived from the vaudeville (after paying 
the expenses of the vaudeville) shaU be 
applied equally to the men's and the 
women's expenses, and that the surplus, 
if any, be preserved as a fund for next 
year's Alumni Day. 

'Further, this committee has several 
times had its attention called somewhat 
forcefully to the fact that among the 



graduates of the University are men and 
women who would like to have their 
wives and husbands join them in their 
alumni suppers. It therefore respect- 
fully suggests and recommends that 
there be planned and provided for next 
year in addition to the stag dinner for 
men only, another dinner, where wives 
and husbands may come. 

Ethel R. McDowell 
Isabel Jarvis 
Florence G. Fanning 

Being the Committee on Arrangements 
for Alumni Day appointed by the 
Chicago Alumnae Club of the Uni- 
versity of Chicago.' " 



ALUMNI AFFAIRS 



Report of the Secretary. — ^The vote this 

year for officers of thC' College Alumni 

Association was as follows: 

For President. — 

Agnes Wayman, '03 226 

Franklin Egbert Vaughan, '98.. . . 224 

For First Vice-President. — 

Frederick A. Smith, '66 246 

Frank A. Helmer, '78 153 

For Second Vice-President. — 

Mrs. Warren Gorrell, '98 212 

(Demia Butler) 

Mrs. Ernest Stevens, '05 194 

(Elizabeth Street) 

For Third Vice-President. — 

William P. MacCracken, '09 236 

Norman Anderson, '99 122 

Moses Dwight Mclntyre,'98 73 

^or Secretary. — 
Frank W. Dignan, '97 422 

For Members of the Executive Com- 
mittee {Three) 

Mrs. Charles S. Eaton, '00 266 

(Davida Harj)er) 

Helen T. Sunny, '08 241 

Harold H. Swift, '07 213 

George G. Davis, '02 173 

Kellogg Speed, '01 132 

Marcus A. Hirschl, '10 112 

Rufus Maynard Reed, '99 80 

Victor J. West, '05 71 

Roy D. Keehn, '02 41 

The Secretary takes pleasure in report- 
ing that the interest of the alumni In 
general, as evidenced by correspondence 
and subscriptions, was never so pro- 
nounced as at present. The member- 
ships, or more properly speaking, the 
subscriptions to the Magazine, now 
number 1,500, but to this should be 
added a considerable proportion of the 
760 who have ordered the Magazine and 
Directory in combination, subscriptions 
to begin with next October, so that we 
are now in touch with approximately 
2,000 alumni. 

The orders for the Directory have sur- 
passed all expectations. .\n estimate of 
the probable sales placed the outer limit 
at 1,400, but at this time, four months 
before its api>earance, we have received 
Q08 paid orders and 760 for payment on 



delivery, making a total of 1,668 orders. 
It is probable that the eventual sales 
will greatly exceed 2,000 copies, neces- 
sitating a much larger edition than was 
contemplated. 

Even more gratifying than this is the 
tone of the letters which come to the 
office. The efforts of the present office 
force have reduced to a minimum the 
errors in the keeping of records and the 
sending-out of the Magazine, which 
formerly brought constant complaints, 
and the letters now show a degree of 
respect and confidence that promises 
well for the future of the Council. 

The Secretary is now negotiating with 
the administration of the University for 
the renewal of the present contract. 
In general the plan of arrangement will 
be similar to that of last year. 

The Secretary hopes that, with the 
completion of the Directory in the fall, 
the office will be able to devote its energies 
to the building-up of the local clubs and 
the many general activities for which 
this year its hands have been too full. 
The possibilities before us are infinite; 
our powers are limited; but with the 
constantly increasing support of the 
alumni, it is hoped that the scope of the 
work may increase from year to year. 
Frakk W. Dignak, Secretary 

Chicago Alumnae Club. — At the annual 
meeting, held .\pril 5. in the Ivory Room 
at Mandel Brothers, the following officers 
were elected: President, Ethel Rcmick 
(Mrs. Irvin) McDowell; Secretary, 
Florence G. Fanning; Directors at Large, 
Marion Fairman, Elizabeth Robertson. 

The following officers hold over until 
1914: Vice-President, Josephine AUin; 
Treasurer, Elizabeth Harris. 

The following chairmen of standing 
committees have been appointed: Mem- 
bership, Isabel Jarvis; Library, Mar- 
guerite Swawite; Press, Hazel StiUman; 
Member Board of Directors of Uni- 
versity of Chicago Settlement, Mrs. 
Irvin McDowell; Members of Collegiate 
Bureau of Occupations, Shirley Farr, 
Alice Greenacre. 

At the meeting held May 17, at the 
School of Domestic .\rts and Science, 



i^S 



326 



THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE 



Miss Alice Greenacre, who was the 
general chairman of the "Spring Revels," 
which was given April 12, at the Whitney 
Opera House, by the Alumnae Club, 
reported that $1,178.90 were realized 
from "Spring Revels." The expenses 
were $541 . 24, so that the club made a 
total profit of over $600. 

As has been the custom of the club in 
the past, it voted to give Miss Louise 
Montgomery $500 to continue her work 
at the University of Chicago Settlement, 
where she is doing a very needful work 
as vocational guide to the girls. 

The club also voted to give $253.40 
to the Collegiate Bureau of Occupations, 
making its total contribution $300, as 
it already had given $46.60. 

Eastern Alumni Association. — The an- 
nual dinner of the association was held 
at the Park Avenue Hotel in New York 
City. Dr. E. E. Slosson, president of 
the association, was toastmaster. The 
chief speaker was President Judson, 
who discussed the policies of the Uni- 
versity, particularly its effort to shorten 
the period of preparation for collegiate 
and professional training. Comment on 
this and other University policies was 
given by Dr. J. Franklin Brown, of the 
educational department of the Mac- 
millan Company, and by Professor Walter 
H. Bingham, of the department of 
philosophy " at Dartmouth. Miss A. 
Evelyn Newman gave an interesting 
account of the movement to provide 
attractive boarding-places for the young 
women who are studying art and music 
in New York. The movement finds its 
center in the Studio Club of 35 E. 62d St. 

A novel and highly enjoyable feature 
of the evening was the impersonations 
given by a friend of Mr. Milton J. 
Davies. Mr. Davies, who has been 
untiring in his efforts to make the Eastern 
Association a success, has very recently 
been placed in charge of an Institute of 
Arts and Science at Columbia and has 
further opportunity to proclaim the 
value of University of Chicago material. 

All the guests joined as demonstrators 
at a lantern show which presented old 
and new buildings of the University, and 
faces both famihar and unknown. With 
a happy rendition of the songs of former 
times in which all joined most heartily 
the dehghtful reunion of 1913 came to 
its close. The officers elected were as 
follows: President, Dr. Edwin E. Slosson, 



130 Fulton St., care of The Independent; 
Vice-President, Mrs. Edith Terry Brem- 
er, 600 Lexington Avenue, New York; 
Secretaries, Miss Annie C. Templeton, 
120 Riverside Drive, New York; E. H. 
Pike, 437 West 59th St., New York; 
Treasurer, W. C. Stephens, 847 West 
End Avenue, New York; Executive 
Committee, Mr. G. A. Young, care of 
R. L. Day, 14 WaU St., New York; 
Mr. Joseph E. Freeman, 117 Wall St., 
New York; Miss Isabel Simeral, 526 W. 
114th St. New York; Miss E. S. Wierick, 
250 Washington Ave., Brooklyn, N.Y.; 
Mr. M. Morgenthau, Jr., 95 Liberty 
St., New York. 

Isabel Simeral 
{For the Association) 

Minnesota Alumni Club. — About sev- 
enty old folks, young folks, and others 
of intermediate years participated in the 
" Gambol on the Green " held at the home 
of President and Mrs. George E. Vincent 
on May 24. This congregation included 
the wives, husbands, and sweethearts of 
a number of members of the club. The 
afternoon's diversion was in the nature 
of a "track meet," races, contests, and 
games providing sufficient exercise to 
"warm" everybody up, physically and 
socially. Individual picnic suppers, to 
which hot coffee was added by the 
Arrangements Committee, were eaten 
outdoors, the gambolers grouping them- 
selves in a large circle, Indian council 
fashion. In the evening the gathering 
adjourned to the hall on the third floor 
of the Vincent house where an approved 
" cabaret show " was presented. Dancing 
concluded the festivities. A letter of 
greeting to the club from President 
Judson was read. Tentative plans were 
suggested in regard to the club's next 
meeting. It is thought that the Chicago- 
Minnesota game, to be played in Min- 
neapolis November 15, will provide an 
appropriate occasion, as the team and 
rooters from Chicago might attend. 

Harvey B. Fuller, Jr., Secretary 

Utah Alumni Club. — The regular an- 
nual banquet of the Utah chapter of the 
University of Chicago Alumni was held 
at the "University Club" in Salt Lake 
City on May 24. A lively and profitable 
reunion was held. Several matters tend- 
ing to the eflSciency of the club were pro- 
posed. It was decided to hold luncheons 
once a month in Salt Lake City. An- 



ALUMNI AFFAIRS 



327 



otter matter discussed was the enter- 
tainment of members of the alumni dur- 
ing the National Education Association 
convention at Salt Lake City, Utah, 
this summer. The following oflScers 
were elected for the ensuing year: Presi- 
dent, W. H. Gregory; Secretary^ J. H. 
Stockman. 

On Monday, June 2, a regular luncheon 
was held at the University Club, at which 
time further arrangements were made 
looking toward the entertainment of 
visiting members of the alumni during 
the National Education Association con- 
vention in July. The committees have 
been appointed and the work sufficiently 
outlined so that the local organization 
will be well prepared to do its part in 
the entertainment of University of 
Chicago alumni. 

Jay H. Stockman, Secretary 

1903 Reunion. — ^The men of the class 
of 1903 met at a decennial reunion and 
dinner on the evening of June 9 in the 
Francis Room at the Hotel Sherman, 
Chicago. Every man was asked to give 
an account of himself, and as some of the 
fellows have really been doing things 
during the past ten years, the "talkfest" 
proved very interesting. Among those 
who attended the dinner were Tom Hair, 
Frank McNair, Walker McLaury, Earl 
Babcock , Don Kennicott , Al Amberg, Fred 
Fischel, Ed. L. Brown, Charley Hogeland, 
Rollin Chamberlain, Carl Grabo, AUie 
Miller, Harold Brubaker, and Charlie 
Collins. 

The suggestion of a permanent class 
organization was enthusiastically received 
and a committee appointed to take this 
matter in charge. It is the intention 
to have the men meet several times dur- 
ing each year and on at least one occasion 
have a larger affair, including the women 
of the class. With this end in view the 
committee is desirous of obtaining as soon 
as possible the correct addresses of all 
the men and women of the class of 1903. 
It will facilitate matters if those members 
of the class who read this notice will 
communicate such information to the 
undersigned member of the committee. 
CM. Hogeland {For the Class) 
i6i W. Harrison Street 
Chicago, Illinois 

IQ08 Reunion. — The fifth anniversary 
and first reunion of the class of 1908 was 
celebrated by a dinner on Monday 



evening, June 9, at the University Club 
for the men of the class and by a 1908 
table for the women, at the dinner of 
the Chicago Alumnae Club on Alumni 
Day at Lexington Hall. About thirty 
members of the class were present at 
each dinner. Arrangements for the 
women were in charge of Helen Sunny, 
Helen Gunsaulus, and Alice Greenacre. 
At this dinner 1908 songs written by 
Eleanor Day and Alvin Kramer were sung 
and a letter, printed below, was read 
from Luther D. Femald, chairman of the 
Class Gift Committee. Among those 
present at the dinner were: Grace Mills, 
Hazel Kelly, Eleanor Hall, Lucy Driscoll 
Gertrude Chalmers, Hortense Bishop 
Stumes, Mary Moynihan, Mary Pitkin, 
Ethel Preston, Elsie Schobinger, Marion 
Simon, Inca Stebbins, Gertrude Dick- 
erman Van Fleet, Eleanor Moore, Mar>' 
Morton, Helen Gunsaulus, Phebe Bell 
Terry, Nathalie Young, Grace Norton, 
Annie Frazeur, Alice Greenacre, Ellen 
C. Sunny, and Helen Sunny. 

The following is a brief report on the 
1908 class gift situation: 

"I took up in April, 1908, with Dr. 
Burton, chairman of the faculty com- 
mittee, the matter of the memorial tablet 
to be the class gift. I got him to recom- 
mend the erection of the memorial tablet 
as a part of the specifications for the 
Memorial Library. By so doing I got 
our gift multiplied by four, as John D. 
Rockefeller gave three dollars for every 
dollar contributed to the Library. 

"Dr. Burton's recommendation to the 
President was approved by the President, 
and also by the Board of Trustees. 

"In April, 1909, the funds were finally 
all in the hands of Treasurer Buhlig, and 
were turned over to the University. The 
amount was $416.60. By the terms of 
our arrangement this gift created a fund 
of $1,666.40, all of which was available 
for the memorial tablet. 

"About this time the Board of Direc- 
tors began periodical action on the matter 
of the tablet. First, location was settled. 
The first idea of closing up the window 
to the left of the President's office and 
placing the tablet there was given up. 
It was finally decided to place it just to 
the left of the door of the President's 
room. 

"The wording of the tablet came up 
at many meetings; finally it was settled, 
and passed on to Mr. Coolidge, the 



328 



THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE 



architect, in Boston. There either Mr. 
Coolidge, Mr. Ryerson, or Mr. Hutchin- 
son, or all of them, saw slight objections 
to the wording, and held it up. That 
was some months ago. Then everybody 
overlooked it until two months ago. 

"Since that time Dr. Burton has been 
arranging a final approval of the design. 
As soon as this is secured (if it has not 
been secured in the last few days), the 
tablet will be made and erected. This 
will take a couple of months. 

"It is unfortunate that it is not com- 
pleted now, but before the first of Sep- 
tember it will be in place, just to the left 
of the President's office — the official 
permanent dedication of the Library to 
the memory of William Rainey Harper, 
and bearing the modest inscription 
'This tablet the gift of the Class of 1908.' 
Luther D. Fernald" 

News from the Classes. — 
1883 
Eugene Parsons has published by 
the A. Flanagan Co. of Chicago, The 
Making of Colorado, a small but beauti- 
fully illustrated history of that state. 

1893 

Warren P. Behan, who has been 
identified with the Association Institute 
and Training School where he occupied 
the chair of Bible teaching, is now pastor 
of the First Baptist Church at Morgan 
Park. 

Jesse D. Burks is now director of the 
Bureau of Municipal Research, having 
oflaces in the Real Estate Trust Building 
Philadelphia, Pa. Mr. Burks is vice- 
president of the Child Hygiene Associa- 
tion of Philadelphia and has taken a 
distinguished and leading part in civic 
and social reform work in Philadelphia. 

1895 
Jane Noble Garrot (Mrs. H. C.) lives 
at 285 Pleasant Ave., St. Paul, Minn. 

1896 

Raymond C. Dudley has been elected 
to the presidency of the Chicago-Cleve- 
land Car Roofing Co., with offices in the 
Peoples' Gas Building. 

Margaret Baker is teaching in the 
Bowen High School, Chicago. At the 
June commencement the Senior class play 
was a translation by her from Moliere 
called The Merchant Gentleman or the 
Would-Be Swell. 



Mrs. John Barber (Jessie L. Nelson) 
is treasurer of the College Woman's Club 
of Washington, D.C. 

Henry Parker Willis (Ph.D. '98) has 
accepted an executive position with the 
New York Journal of Commerce. He is 
also the financial expert of the Com- 
mittee on Banking and Currency of the 
House of Representatives. 

Louise Hannan has recently been 
appointed instructor of music in the Carl 
Schurz High School, Chicago. 

1899 

William Kelley Wright, who taught 
philosophy at the University of Wiscon- 
sin last year, has recently returned from 
the University of Oxford, where he has 
been studying. 

1900 

The first experiment in this country 
in the Montessori method of elementary 
education was tried last winter in the 
home of Ruth Vanderlip Harden, near 
Tarrytown, N.Y. 

William S. Broughton served on the 
committee of three which counted the 
money in the United States Treasury 
amounting to nearly $1,500,000,000. 

1901 

Herman E. Bulkley is manager of 
the Future Sales Department of the 
McNeil & Higgins Co., manufacturers 
and wholesale grocers. They are just 
moving their offices to the northeast 
corner of Michigan Ave. and Lake St., 
which gives them larger and more satis- 
factory quarters. Their factory is still 
to be operated at their old location, 365 to 
465 East Illinois St., where they have 
railroad, river, and tunnel facilities. Mr. 
Bulkley's home is at 2335 Home Ave., 
Berwyn, 111. 

Mrs. Lillian S. Greenleaf, is associate 
principal of Stanley Hall, Minneapolis, a 
school for girls. 

Leroy T. Vernon has just been elected 
a member of the Standing Committee of 
Washington Correspondents which super- 
vises the press galleries of Congress and 
also a member of the Board of Trustees 
of the Ohio Society of Washington, D.C. 

1902 
Mrs. J. A. Mansfield (Myrtle G. 
Mansfield) has moved from Lakefield, 
Minn., to 1050 15th Ave., S.E., Minne- 
apolis. Mr. Mansfield has entered into a 
law partnership with R S. Jones, with 



ALUMNI AFFAIRS 



329 



ofl&ces at 704-s Lumber Exchange 
Building. 

Clarence C. Leffingwell is now with 
the George Batten Co., advertising 
agents, 381 Fourth Ave., New York. 
Mr. Leffingwell resides at 140 Prospect 
Ave., Hackensack, N.J. His wife was 
formerly Miss Marguerite Crofoot, also 
of the class of 1902. 

Homer A. Gluck is publisher of the 
Mining Gazelle, Houghton, Mich. 

1903 

Walker G. McLaury was in March 
elected cashier of the National City Bank 
of Chicago, of which he was first in charge 
of the credit department and later assist- 
ant cashier. 

Frank W. Bennett is instructor in 
Latin and French in the Manual Training 
High School, Peoria, 111. Home address: 
214 N. Glen Oak Ave., Peoria. 

Martha L. Root is society editor of 
the Pittsburgh Post, known as "The 
Only," because it is the only democratic 
paper in Pittsburgh. 

Kate Gordon (Ph.D. '03), who is to 
have charge of the new experimental 
school at Bryn Mawr, is just now abroad 
with Matilde Castro, Ph.B. '00. Ph.D. 
'07, studying educational problems in 
Europe, in preparation for her work here. 

Burton L. French (Ph.M.'oj) is serv- 
ing his fourth term in Congress as a 
representative from Idaho. Mr. French 
was nominated for his first term while a 
student in the university. 

Mildred Chadsey, the only woman 
chief of sanitary police in the United 
States, is the framer of the dance hall 
ordinance which was recently put into 
effect in the city of Cleveland. 

1904 

Allen Frake is buying bonds for 
McNear & Co., Chicago. 

Dr. Arthur Lord is practicing medi- 
cine with his father at his old home, 
Piano, 111. 

Miss Helen Freeman, after two years 
spent with the United Charities, is now 
taking graduate work in sociology at 
the University. 

Don R. Joseph, who has been for 
two years research associate in Rocke- 
feller Institute and spent last summer at 
Heidelberg, was appointed last fall to an 
associate professorship of physiology in 
Bryn Mawr College. 



1905 

Mary Nourse and Alva Nourse,ex-'o8, 
sailed on February first for China. They 
exf)ect to remain for two years. Mary 
Nourse is principal of the Wayland 
Academy in Hangshow. 

Francis J. Neef is now instructor in 
German, at Dartmouth College. 

1906 

Sydney Ethel Bock is a resident 
worker at Pillsbury Settlement House, 
Minneapolis, Minn. 

Carrie Pierpont Currens (Mrs. J. 
Napin Wallace) is living at 15 Hektor- 
strasse, Hallensu, Berlin, Germany. 

Irma Engle may be reached at the 
following address: 46 Lake View Ter- 
race, Racine, Wis. 

Richard J. Davis is connected with 
the advertising department of the Chris- 
tian Science Monitor, of Boston, Mass. 

Bertha M. Scullin is instructor in 
domestic science at Bradley Polytechnic 
Institute. Peoria, 111. Home address: 
408 Barker Ave., Peoria. 

.\lbert B. Enoch (Law '08) has for the 
past three years been in the Chicago 
Office of the Chicago, Rock Island & 
Pacific Railroad Co., law department. 

William G. Mathews is m the adver- 
tising department for this section of the 
Kansas City Star, and lives at the Hyde 
Park Y.M.'C.A. 

Jose W. Hoover (Law '09) for the 
past years associated with Edmund S. 
Cummings, attorney, on Mav i, 1913- 
opened up law offices for the general 
practice of law in Suite 1410, City Hall 
Square Bldg., Chicago. 

Frederick R. Baird is engaged in legal 
business for the P. & O. Plow Co. at 
Canton, III. 

Robert Bain Hasner is a physician 
in Cedar Rapids, la. His office is in the 
Cedar Rapids Savings Bsink Building and 
his home address is 350 South 17th St. 

1907 

William H. Leary (Law '07) is prac- 
ticing law, with offices in Suite 601 New- 
house Building, Salt Lake City, Utah. 
June 19, 191 2, he was married to Marie 
Lynch, Michigan '08, of Sioux City, la. 
Mr. Leary writes that he is the father 
of twins, a boy and a girl. 

Edward W. Allen, ex-, is a lawyer in 
Seattle, Wash. His address is 402 Burke 
Building. 



330 



THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE 



James R. Fahs, ex-, is publisher of the 
Garden City Tribune, Garden City, Kan. 

Claude Scofield, ex-, is credit man for 
J. W. Jenkin's Sons' Music Co., i8^ Park 
Place, Oklahoma City, Okla. 

Walter S. McAvoy is with the firm of 
A. G. Becker & Co., brokers, at loo 
South LaSalle St., Chicago. 

LeRoy Andrew Van Patten, has re- 
signed his position as advertising manager 
of the automobile department of the 
American Locomotive Co., to become 
vice-president and sales manager of the 
company which has taken over the New 
York branch of the Lozier Automobile 
Co. His business headquarters are the 
Lozier Building, s6th St. and Broadway. 

Robert Eddy Matthews is a repre- 
sentative of the Boston Christian Science 
Monitor at Washington, D.C. 

Frances Montgomery (Mrs. George 
Thomas Shay) has returned from her 
wedding trip around the world and is 
living at 5382 Woodlawn Ave., Chicago. 

Charles B. Jordan who was formerly 
with the wholesale grocery firm of 
W. B. & W. G. Jordan, Minneapglis, 
has recently associated himself with 
George R. Newell & Co., ist Ave. and 
3d St. N., also wholesale grocers of 
Minneapolis. 

Laura Osman is teaching cooking. 
Her address is Wilmette, 111. 

Josephine Wilcox is teaching in Wil- 
mette. 

Frances Nowak (Mrs. Harold A. 
Miller) of Wayne, Pa., with her eight- 
months-old son, Frank Rush Miller, is 
visiting her parents at 6564 Yale Ave., 
Chicago. She will remain in Chicago 
until the first of July. 

Irene Anthony, ex- (Mrs. Clarence 
M. Converse of Canton, Ohio), is recover- 
ing from an attack of diphtheria. 

Florence Chaney sailed last August 
for China to become a missionary. 

Mrs. Schuyler Terry (Phebe Bell) 
took the part of the Piper in a presenta- 
tion of Josephine Preston Peabody's 
Piper, at the University of Chicago 
Settlement, on May 24. 

1909 

Leverett S. Lyon has written The 
Elements of Debating, which has been 
accepted for publication by the Univer- 
sity of Chicago Press. Mr. Lyon is an 
instructor in the Joliet High School, of 
which he is also a graduate. 

Sister Mary Joseph Kelly (S.M, '10) 



is a teacher at the College of St. Cather- 
ine, St. Paul, Minn. 

Mrs. Marie Kellogg Miller and 
Florence Tyler are attending the Chicago 
Normal College. 

Paul Buhlig is in the bond depart- 
ment of N. W. Harris & Co., bankers. 

John McVey Montgomery, ex-, is 
a salesman in Wausau, Wis. He lives 
at 612 Franklin St. 

1910 

John L. Cherney has been elected 
superintendent of the Independence 
(Iowa) High School. 

Henry R. Brush (Ph.D. '10), who 
has been for some time head of the de- 
partment of Romance languages at 
Hope College, Holland, Mich., has 
accepted a similar position at the Uni- 
versity of North Dakota, at Grand Forks. 

Sister Mary Clara Graham is teaching 
at the College of St. Catherine, St. Paul, 
Minn. 

Grace E. Hauk has recently resigned 
her position as teacher of public speaking 
in the high school and supervisor of 
reading in the grade schools of Hammond, 
Ind., and is now completing her training 
at the Phillips School of Oratory. 

Cola George ("Squab") Parker (Law 
'12) is practicing law in Chicago. His 
business address is Room 502, 133 West 
Washington St., and his home address is 
6437 Woodlawn Ave. 

1911 

Roy Baldridge has left for the West 
to spend the summer working on a ranch 
near Paducah, Tex. He will return in the 
fall to resume his work as an artist in 
his own studio. 

Alfred H. Straube is now connected 
with R. R. Donnelley & Sons Co., 
printers, in Chicago. 

Vallee O. Appel, who is in the Harvard 
Law School, will return to Chicago for 
the summer. 

John M. Gillette (Ph.D. '11) has 
published through the Sturgis & Walton 
Co. of New York Constructive Rural 
Sociology, addressed to the student of 
farm-life conditions. It is scientific in 
method, simple in statement, and admir- 
ably adapted to its purpose. The volume 
has an introduction by President George 
Vincent of the University of Minnesota. 

J. Harry Clo (Ph.D. '11), formerly 
assistant professor of physics at Tulane 
University has been appointed associate 
professor and head of the department. 



ALUMNI AFFAIRS 



331 



'Conrado Benitez spent a year in the 
Philippine Normal School after his return 
from Chicago, and was then transferred 
to the University of the Philippines as 
instructor in history and economics. 

Katherine M. Mayer, is teaching at 
the College of St. Catherine, St. Paul, 
Minn. 

Melitta A. Margaret teaches Latin 
and German in the high school at Naj)er- 
ville. 111. Address: 57 Brainard St., 
Naperville. 

Andrew William Johnson Q.D. '11), 
formerly located at New Richland, 
Minn., is now practicing law in Minne- 
apolis, Minn. His address is 505 Ply- 
mouth Building. 

Herbert G. Hopkins is a salesman for 
the Thresher Varnish Co., Dayton, Ohio. 
He has recently been engaged in repair- 
ing the damages to the factory and busi- 
ness resulting from the Dayton flood. 

1912 

Shelley R. Meyer is seriously ill with 
nervous prostration. 

Among Chicago women enrolled in 
the Chicago Normal College this year 
are 12 members of 191 2: Alice Byrne, 
Eleanor Byrne, I>oretta Brady, Harriett 
Hamilton, Annette Hampsher, Helen 
Hannan, Alice Lee Herrick, Dorothy 
Hinman, Margaret Magrady, Ella 
Moynihan, Winifred Monroe, and Doro- 
thy Roberts. Principal Owen has so 
arranged their work that the University 
of Chicago Alumnae are taking almost 
all of it in a group by themselves. 

Ruth Abigail Allen is teaching in the 
high school at Chehalis, Wash. She also 
coaches the boys' debating team. 

Susanna J. Botts is enrolled in the 
graduate school of Columbia University. 
Address: 501 W. 120th St., New York 
City. 

Harvey B. Shick, ex-, is a student 
at the School of Mines, Houghton, 
Mich. He lives in LaPorte, Ind. 



Engagements. — 

Herschel G. Shaw, 'og and Miss Lillian 
Linihan of 458 E. 33d St., Chicago. Shaw 
is with the Star-Peerless Wall Paper 
Mills of Joliet, 111. While in college he 
was abbot of the Blackfriars and a 
member of the Sigma Chi Fraternity. 

Mr. and Mrs. Paul Mandeville '99 
of Lake Bluff announce the engagement 



of their daughter Lillian Estelle Barr, 
ex-'i2, to George Lorimer Johnson, son 
of Mr. and Mrs. John Alfred Johnson. 
No date has been set for the wedding. 
Mr. Mandeville wrote the music of the 
"Ahna Mater." 



Marriages - 



1906 



Mabel Ernestine Wilson was married 
at Chicago on September 10, 191 2, to 
Dr. Lloyd E. Bailer, and lives at 2824 
Michigan Ave., Kansas City, Mo. 

Henry Clinton Cummins, was married 
on June 14 to Miss Lucile McGuire, 
daughter of Mr. and Mrs. W. W. Mc- 
Guire of Northfield, Minn. Mr. Cum- 
mins is a son of Mr. and Mrs. James S. 
Cummins of 4932 Lake Ave. 

1909 
Herbert A. Kellar was married at 
Palo Alto, Cal., on September 17, 191 2, 
to Miss Dorothy .\lderton. They live 
at 424 Pickney St., Madison, Wis., 
where Mr. Kellar is instructor in history 
in the university. 

Ex-1907 
Irene Moore was married at Highland 
Park, 111., on May 31 to United States 
Senator James H. Brady of Idaho. 
She was attended by her three sisters, 
all graduates of Chicago. Mrs. William 
R. Jayne, '05, Edith (Mrs. Henry 
Suzzallo), '08, and Georgene Moore, '12. 
Mr. and Mrs. Brady will live at 1700 
Rhode Island Ave., VVashington. 

1908 

Bertha May Henderson was married 
in February, 1913, to Llewellyn Jones, 
and is living at 11919 Pamell Ave., West 
Pullman, 111. 

Portia Games was married on June 25, 
at Chicago to Howard Lane. 

Arthur A. Goes was married on June 
12, in Chicago, to Miss Marah McCarthy. 

Agnes Janet Hendrick was married 
June 14 at Michigan City, Indiana, to 
William R. Brough of Hinsdale, Illinois. 

Ex- 1 908 

Florence Earll Peabody was married 
in Chicago, April 23 to Henry B. Selkirk. 
Mr. and Mrs. Selkirk will be at home after 
0( tober i in Buffalo, N.Y. 

Benjamin C. AUin was married on 
May 24 at Chicago to Miss Dorothy May 
Newell. The ceremony was performed 



332 



THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE 



by Rev. B. I. Bell, also 1908. AUin 
after leaving college spent five years in 
the Orient: he is now with the Illinois 
Steel Company. 

1910 
Gladys Hallam was married at River- 
side on June 7 to Ross O. Hinkle, son 
of Mr. and Mrs. William Hinkle of 
Royal Oak, Mich. They will live in 
New York City. 

- Edna Weldon and Leo C. De Tray 
ex- '08, were married on June 28. 

1911 

G. W. Bartelmez, Ph.D., was married 
on March 30, at Bailey's Bay, Bermuda, 
to Miss Ermine Hallis of Bermuda. 

Eveline Maude Phillips was married 
at the Blackstone Hotel, Chicago, to 
Elmer E. Campbell of Cleveland. They 
will make their home in Cleveland. 

1912 
Paul Hazlitt Davis was married on 
June 24, at Crawfordsville, Ind., to 
Miss Dorothy Milford. They will live 
at 1429 E. 66th St., Chicago. 

1913 
Katherine EUis Coburn, daughter of 
Mr. and Mrs. John Martin Coburn 
of La Grange, 111., was married on June 
14 to George Waring Thompson, at 
Emanuel Church, La Grange. 



Deaths. — 

Rev. John Barr, A.B. '76, D.B. '78, 
died at Berkeley, Cal., late in March. 



Katherine Reynolds, Ph.B. '00, died 
on May 20 at Seattle, Wash. At the 
time she attended the summer sessions 
at the University she was principal of 
West Aurora High School; later she 
became dean of women at Whitworth 
College, Tacoma, Wash., and recently 
she had been employed by the Trustee 
. Company of Seattle. She was fifty 
years old at the time of her death. 

Agatha Draper Hequembourg, S.B., 
'03 (Mrs. Raymond G. Pierson), died in 
Milwaukee on May 28. Her husband, 
also a graduate of the University, is 
minister of the Second Baptist Church 
of Milwaukee, Wis. Mrs. Pierson was 
the mother of four sons, Harry, Ray- 
mond, Robert, and John. 

Mary NicoU, Ph.B. '10 (Mrs. L. 
Kirby Canouse), died suddenly on May 
5, at her home, 519 E. 49th St., Chicago, 
leaving a daughter seven weeks old. 
Mrs. Canouse was the daughter of 
Mr. and Mrs. John NicoU, of 4932 Forest- 
ville Ave., a graduate of Wendell Phillips 
High School, and a member of Deltho. 

George Rice Spraker, Ph.B. '10, died 
in Chicago March 30, at his home, 1153 
E. 6ist St., after an illness of only two 
days, with scarlet fever. At the time 
of his death he was teaching in Hyde 
Park High School. He was born at 
Fort Plain, N.Y., July 14, 1885. After 
graduating from the Canajoharie High 
School he attended Syracuse University 
one year. On Christmas Day, 191 1, 
he married Margaret MacLear, '12. 



3^3 



GENERAL INDEX 



THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO 
MAGAZINE 

Volume V. November, 1912 — July, 19 13 

GENERAL INDEX 

PAGE 

Addresses Wanted 173, 220, 258 

Alumni Affairs (Department) 27,59,97,130,166,212,249,325 

Alumni Association, Report of the Secretary of the 325 

Alumni Clubs — 

Chicago, 59, 249; Des Moines, 60; Eastern, 326; Japan, 250; Minnesota, 
67, 212, 250, 326; Rocky Mountain, 97; Sioux City, 97; Twin Cities, 113, 
130; Utah, 326. 

Alumni Council, The 27 

Alumni and the University, The 1 79 

American Chemical Society, State Conference of 206 

American Historical Association, Meeting of 91 

American Mathematical Society, Chicago Meeting of 207 

American Philological Association and Related Societies, Meeting of 123 

American Psychological Association, Meeting of 90 

Annual Faculty Dinner, The i8 

Athletics — 

Baseball 217, 255 

Basket-ball 103,136,171,217 

Football 6,32,37,257 

General 32,64,104,111,171,300 

Swimming 104, 171 

Tennis 257 

Track 103, 171, 218, 255 

Attendance Statistics 4, 68 

Atwood, Wallace Walter 142 

Blackfriars' Play 39 

Board of Trustees — 

Meeting of 22,23,93 

New Secretary of 317 

Book Reviews and Notices — 

Animal Communities in Temperate America as Illustrated in the Chicago 
Region (Victor Ernest Shelford), 245; Assyrian and Babylonian Letters 
(Robert Francis Harper), 161, 244; Between Eras: From Capitalism to 
Democracy (Albion Woodbury Small), 320; Cases on Constitutional Law 

335 



336 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE 



PAGE 



(James Parker Hall), 320; The Courts, the Constitution, and Parties 
(Andrew C. McLaughlin) 21; The Essentials of English Composition 
(James W. Linn), 54; Fine and Industrial Arts in the Elementary Schools 
(Walter Sargent), 209; His Great Adventure (Robert Herrick), 246; The 
History of Egypt (James Henry Breasted), 124; The History of Modern 
Elementary Education (S. Chester Parker), 125; Illustrative Examples of 
English Composition (James Weber Linn), 162; Index Apologeticus (Edgar 
J. Goodspeed), 21; Lessons in English (John M. Manly and Elizabeth R. 
Bailey), 246; London in English Literature (Percy Holmes Boynton), 244, 
321; The Making of Tomorrow (Shailer Mathews), 246; Mark Twain 
and the Happy Island (Elizabeth Wallace), 208; The Minister and the 
Boy (AUan Hoben), 21; One Woman's Life (Robert Herrick), 124; Out- 
lines of Economics Developed in a Series of Problems (Leon C. Marshall, 
Chester W. Wright, and James A. Field), 320; Social Idealism and the 
Changing Theology (Gerald Bimey Smith), 321; Social Programs of the 
West (Charles Richmond Henderson), 245. 
Bureau of Student Employment, The 68 

Cap and Gown .231 

Change in Editorship of the Biblical World 52 

Changes in the Press Building 144 

Chicago Alumnae Club 59,212,249,325 

Christian Science Society 141 

Class of 62 231 

Class Reunions 228, 231 

College of Commerce and Administration, The 4, 75 

Concerning the Fraternities 140 

Contribution of Modern Science to the Ideal Interests, The — Henry 

Churchill King, D.D., LL.D., ScD. 14 

Convocation and Exercises — 

84th, August 30, 1912 18 

85th, December 17, 1912 90 

86th, March 18, 1913 206 

87th, June 10, 1913 317 

Convocation Orations — 

The Contribution of Modern Science to the Ideal Interests — Henry 

Churchill King, D.D., LL.D., Sc.D 14 

Learning to Live — Edwin Erie Sparks, Ph.D., LL.D 82 

The University and the Advance of Justice — James Hay den Tufts 186 
How Holland Manages Her Colonies — Jonkheer John Loudon . 305 

Debating 136 

Debating in the University — G.H. Moulton 114 

Divinity Alumni Association, The (Department) . . .31,62,102,170,216 
Doctors of Philosophy, The Association of (Department) .30, 61, 133, 169, 253 
Dramatics 39.64,135,140,172,257 



GENERAL INDEX 337 

PAGE 

Durrett Collection, The 230,313 

Dux Femina Alumni 295 

Early History of the Daily Maroon, The 237 

Election of Professor Merriam to City Council 244 

Events and Discussion (Department) 3, 35, 67, 107, 139, 179, 227, 295 
Exchange Professors with France 68,313 

Fellowships for the Year 19 13- 14, Assignment of 245 

Fire Drills in Cobb • . . 35 

Florentine Fdte, The 124 

Fraternities and Scholarship, The 1 20 

From the Alumni Office 8 

From the Letter-Box (Department) .... 25,56,95,128,165,210,323 

Goettsch, Dr. Emil 7 

Goodspeed, Thomas W 7o» 79 

Honoring Professor Millikan 235 

How Holland Manages Her Colonies — Jonkheer John Loudofi 305 

Illustrations — 

Wallace Walter Atwood, 138; F. A. Blackburn, 291; E. D. Burton, 269, 
271; C. F. Castle, 291; T. C. Chamberlin, 269, 271; Class of '62, 232; S. 
H. Clark, 269, 271; S. W. Cutting, 269, 271; Debating Teams — North- 
western and Michigan, 115; George A. Dorsey, '16, as "Marie," 257; 
James D. Dyrenforth, '16, as "Paprika," 257; Glimpses of the Spring Con- 
vocation, 315; Thomas Wakefield Goodsf>eed, 66, 80; A Group of Fresh- 
men in 1864, 106; C. R. Henderson, 291; G. C. Rowland, 269, 271; E. O. 
Jordan, 275, 279; Harry Pratt Judson, 262; Henry Churchill King, 15; 
George Kuh, 63; J. L. Laughlin, 291; Jonkheer John Loudon, 306; W. D. 
MacClintock, 275, 279; F. J. Miller, 291; Robert Andrews Millikan, 226; 
E, H. Moore, 275, 279; Harold G. Moulton, 115; R. G. Moulton, 275, 279; 
J.U.Nef, 27s, 279; The New Stands on October 25 (1912), 2; Nelson Henry 
Norgren, 63; La Verne Noyes, 315; I.M.Price, 275, 279; The Quadrangle 
from Harper Memorial Library, 294; Ryerson Physical Laboratory Annex, 
34; R. D. Salisbury, 275; F. Schevill, 291; P. Shorey, 291; A. W. Small, 
283, 286; Edwin Erie Sparks, 82; A. A. Stagg, 283, 286; F. Starr, 283, 286; 
J. Stieglitz, 283, 286; Miss Talbot, 283, 286; B. S. Terry, 283, 286; J. H. 
Tufts, 178, 283; University of Chicago Basket-ball Squad, 1913, 219; 
University of Chicago Football Squad, 1912, 45; University of Chicago 
Press; Offices and Circulation Department, 145; Binderies, 146; Ernest 
Hatch Wilkins, 10; Dr. Josephine Young, 10. 

Improvements on Marshall Field, The 12 

June Reunion • 296 

Lawler, Joseph 37 

Learning to Live — Edwin Erie Sparks, Ph.D., LL.D 82 



338 THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MAGAZINE 

PAGE 

Lectures before the Divinity School by President Gunsaulus ... .159 

Lectures on Ancient Oriental Art 160 

Lectures on the Modern City 19 

Literary Monthly, The University of Chicago 64, 135, 172, 257 

"Lost" Alumni 139 

Managing Editors of the Maroon 69 

Michigan and the Conference 38, 181 

Middle West Society for Physical Education and Hygiene, Meeting of 245 

Midway at Dawn, The — Ida Caroihers Merriam 151 

Moody, William Vaughn: Poet and Dramatist iSi2 

Morning Recess Restored 70 

New Buildings, The 3 

New Democracy, The 297 

New Honor for Dean Mathews, A 90 

New Members of the Faculty 9 

New Members of Law School Faculty 206 

New Relations between the Universities of Chicago and Cambridge , 123 

Noyes, La Verne, Gift of Woman's Building 295, 314 

Of Age in Service 263 

Harry Pratt Judson, 264; Francis Adalbert Blackburn, 266; Carl Darling 
Buck, 267; Ernest De Witt Burton, 267; Clarence Fassett Castle, 268; 
Thomas Chrowder Chamberlin, 268; Charles Chandler, 268; Solomon 
Henry Clark, 268; Starr Willard Cutting, 270; William Gardner Hall, 270; 
Robert Francis Harper, 273; Charles Richmond Henderson, 273; Emil 
Gustav Hirsch, 274; George Carter Howland, 274; Edwin Oakes Jordan, 
274; James Laurence Laughlin, 276; David Judson Lingle, 277; William 
Darnall MacClintock, 277; Albert Abraham Michelson, 278; Frank Justus 
Miller, 280; Eliakim Hastings Moore, 281; Richard Green Moulton, 281; 
John Ulric Nef, 282; Ira Maurice Price, 282; RoUin D. Salisbury, 284; 
Ferdinand Schevill, 284; Francis Wayland Shepardson, 285; Paul Shorey 
285; Albion Woodbury Small, 286; Amos Alonzo Stagg, 286; Frederick 
Starr, 288; Julius Stieglitz, 288; Marion Talbot, 289; Benjamin Stuytes 
Terry, 289; James Hayden Tufts, 290; Clyde Weber Votaw, 292; Jacob 
William Albert Young, 292. 

Plans of the University with Reference to Buildings 313 

Political Science Scholarship 313 

Politics Ill 

Pranks of Paprika 230 

President's Annual Report, The 107,122 

President's Convocation Statement, The — 

June 30, 1912 17 

December 17, 1912 89 

June 10, 1913 313 



GENERAL INDEX 339 

PAGE 

President Judson's Views on Degrees and Curricula 159 

Prize Contest for Jewish Students, A 160 

Prize Scholarship, Award of ■. 319 

Religious Education Association, Meeting of 207 

Return of the Barrows Lecturer from India ' . 160 

Reunion of Students of the Old University 166 

Review of the Football Season, A 44 

Review of Spring Athletics, A 300 

Rhodes Scholar from Chicago, The New 69 

Rhodes Scholarship Examinations 40 

Ryerson Laboratory, the New — Henry Gordon Gale 41 

Scholarship and the Alumni 229 

Scholarship of Fraternities in Winter Quarter 234 

Scholarships — 

Political Science 313 

Spelman House . . . . " 131 

"Snap" Courses 73>ii2 

Sorting College Freshmen — Percy H. Boynton 199 

Spelman House Scholarship 131 

Strengthening the Bond of Affiliation 113 

Students and Faculty 71 

Three-Quarters Club, The 72 

Twentieth Anniversary of the First Convocation, The 122 

Twenty-fifth Ekiucational Conference, Meeting of 243 

Undergraduate Affairs (Department) . 32,64,103,135,171,217,255 

University and the Advance of Justice, The — James Hayden Tufts 186 

University and China, The 139 

University Men with Municipal Interests 184 

University of Chicago Settlement, The — Mary E. McDowell . 148 

University Orchestral Association, The 52,207,319 

University Opera Association 36, 183 

University Preachers, The 123, 207 

University Record, The (Department) 17, 52, 89, 122, 159, 206, 243, 313 

Visit of Inspection to the Tuskegee Institute, A 159 

Vocational Education 91 

Von Hoist, Presentation of Portrait of Professor 206 

Walker Museum, Acquisitions for 318 

Western Economic Society, Meeting of .- . 91, 160 

Women and Newspaper Work 230 

Ysaye, Eugene, at the University 123