(navigation image)
Home American Libraries | Canadian Libraries | Universal Library | Community Texts | Project Gutenberg | Children's Library | Biodiversity Heritage Library | Additional Collections
Search: Advanced Search
Anonymous User (login or join us)
Upload
See other formats

Full text of "University of Toronto monthly"




THE KEY. JOHN M'CAUL, LL.D. 

First President of University College Born March, 1807 
Died April, 1887. 




UNIVERSITY OF TOROHTO MONTHLY 



VOL. II. 



OCTOBER, 1901. 



No. 1. 



TABLE OF CONTENTS. 



PAGE 

Editorial 1 

The Rev. John McCaul, LL. D. By 
Wm. Wedd. M.A. - - - 2 

University Endowments. By Thomas 
Hodgins, M.A. - - - - 6 

The King and the University. By 
J. A. Cooper, B.A., LL.B. - - 11 

The Royal Visit. By Professor Ram- 
say Wright 14 



A Legal Reminiscence. S. G. 
LL B - 


PAGE 

Wood, 
1Q 


Announcement - 
Torontonensia 
Athletics 
Campus and Corridor 
Deaths - 
Marriages 
Personals - 


- 21 
22 
- 24 
22 
- 28 
26 
- 25 



EDITORIAL. 

In accordance with, the resolution passed by the Alumni 
Association at the Annual Meeting in June, a guarantee fund 
is being subscribed to meet the deficit caused last year by the 
loss in publishing the" MONTHLY. 

During the coming year the Editorial Committee will effect 
a considerable reduction in the cost of the MONTHLY and if 
the members of the Association assist the Committee by promptly 
paying their fees, there will be a large surplus instead of a 
deficit. 

In the meantime the existing indebtedness is being earned 
by the Bank on the guarantee of several of the alumni. To 
relieve these guarantors, and to finally clear off whatever deficit 
there may be at the end of the year, a pro rata levy will be made 
upon the subscribers to the guarantee fund, authorized by the 
Association, and hence subscribers will understand that the 
amount subscribed will be called on only to the extent required 
to clear off the indebtedness existing at the close of this fiscal 
year. 

Ycur attention is called to the subscription form upon page 
ii., which kindly sign and return to the Secretary of the Associa- 
tion, Dean's House, University of Toronto. 



UNIVERSITY OF TORONTO MONTHLY 

The biographical sketch of the late Dr. McCaul by William 
Wedd, M.A., which appears in this issue, is the first of a series 
of illustrated articles on historic personages of the University 
which will be published in the MONTHLY during the present 
year. 



THE REV. JOHN McCAUL, LL.D. 

BY W. WBDD, M.A. 

DR. McCAUL was born at Dublin on March 7th, 1807; and 
was only in his fourteenth year, when, in 1820, he 
matriculated at the University of Trinity College, Dublin. 

Mathematics particularly engaged his attention for the first 
three years of his undergraduate course, and it was in that subject 
that his first college prize was gained, Dr. Sanders, who in later 
years was Bishop of C'ashel, being his mathematical tutor. 
Classics claimed his especial devotion during his fourth year, and 
at this period of his career he obtained several important prizes 
and a scholarship, tenable for five years, of the annual value of 
20. The scholarship also carried with, it free rooms and fur- 
nished meals in residence. 

He graduated with the highest honours, having won the gold 
medal for classics and the Berkeley Greek medal. Among his 
competitors for these distinctions, it is stated, were the late Dr. 
Greig, Bishop of Cork, and the late Dr. Hamilton Verschoyles, 
Bishop of Killaloe, both of whom are mentioned as being then, 
and afterwards continuing to be, his warm and life-long personal 
friends. 

Between the degree of B.A. and that of M.A. (in 1828), he 
spent a considerable portion of his time in preparing pupils for 
University examinations, and with such remarkable results, that, 
when he took the latter degree, he was appointed University 
Examiner in Classics. 

He still continued to live in residence, and employed most of 
his time in classical studies. During this period he published 
lectures on Homer, Virgil, and the Dublin University classical 
course; also a series of works on the metres of Horace, Terence, 
and the Greek tragedians. These latter works were, for many 
years, the only text-books used at the Dublin University, and 
are still highly prized by classical scholars. After this appeared 
his editions of Lon^inus, Thucydides, and the Satires and Epis- 
tles of Horace. The Grammar Schools of Ireland at once 
adopted this last-mentioned work as their standard text-book. 



THE EEV. JOHN McCAUL, LL.D. 3 

He was admitted to Holy Orders to the Diaeonate in 1831, 
and to the Priesthood in 1833; and was frequently called upon to 
officiate in chapel and elsewhere. 

In 1835 his University conferred on him the degrees of LL.B. 
and LL.D. These were no mere honourary degrees, but to obtain 
them he underwent the prescribed tests of merit. The fees 
usually exacted for them were, by a special and very rare com- 
pliment, remitted in his case. 

Dr. McCaul came to this country to occupy the position of 
Principal of Upper Canada College, which had become vacant 
by the resignation of Principal Harris '.taking effect on April 1st, 
1838. The post was rightly deemed a most important one, and 
a considerable delay occurred in filling the vacancy. Dr. McCaul 
was appointed by Her Majesty Queen Victoria on the selection 
of His Grace the Archbishop of Canterbury, to whom the matter 
had been referred at the desire of the Canadian Government. 

Dr. McCaul arrived here on the evening of January 25th, 1839, 
and on the day following His Excellency the Lieutenant-Gov- 
ernor sent a communication to the President and Council of 
King's College announcing the appointment. Dr. McCaul 
entered upon the duties of Principal of Upper Canada College, 
as it stands recorded in his own handwriting in one of the 
registers, on Tuesday, January 29th, 1839. < 

In the October of the same year he married Emily, the second 
daughter of the Honourable Mr. Justice Jones; and, speaking 
of my own personal knowledge and from all that I have heard, 
I consider that the Doctor, in the matter of wife and children, 
had abundant reason to be thankful to the Great Giver of all 
good. 

Having in 1842 been appointed Vice-President and Pro Vice- 
chancellor of the University of King's College, Toronto, and 
Professor therein of Classical Literature, Logic, Rhetoric, and 
Belles Lettres, he, on the 20th of March, 1843, retired from the 
Principalship of Upper Canada College. 

When that Honourable and Right Reverend Lord Bishop, 
who admittedly was a mighty power in the land, and whose 
memory was and is very precious to many a dweller in ' Toronto 
of Old ' and Toronto of Now, withdrew from King's College, Dr. 
McCaul succeeded him in the office of President and Vice- 
Chancellor. 

In the year 1843, temporary accommodation having been 
provided in the old Parliament Buildings on Front Street, the 
University of King's College first went into actual operation. 
The first matriculation of students having previously taken place, 



4 UNIVERSITY OF TORONTO MONTHLY 

the inaugural addresses and lectures were delivered on the 8th 
and 9th of June. 

From this time onward until his retirement in 1880, Dr. 
McCaul was the leading authority and guide in all academic 
functions. He was of course thoroughly versed in all the usages 
of Dublin University; but in addition to this he was well 
acquainted with the customs of the other great Universities of 
the mother country notably of Oxford. As he once mentioned, 
in conversation with the writer, that in early life he had derived 
great benefit from having an Oxford tutor, that circumstance 
probably accounts for this. 

The able and energetic manner in which the Doctor discharged 
his various duties, first as Vice-President, then President, and 
also as Professor in the University, is so well known arid appre- 
ciated in this fair Canada of ours, that it would be quite super- 
fluous for me to attempt to portray it. There are however a 
few points on! which I desire to dwell, as far as limited time and 
space permit. 

And here I would premise that his dignified bearing and 
invariably kind and courteous manner endeared him to one and 
all of those who had the great privilege of hearing his instruc- 
tions; while his human sympathy and wise advice in every diffi- 
culty enshrined him in the hearts of those under his charge. 

It was however at the open Convocations for the conferring of 
degrees and the distribution of honours, medals, and prizes, that 
the Doctor, so far as the general public was concerned, appeared 
to the greatest advantage. His eloquence was such as to 
entrance the whole audience. I remember well, how on one of 
these occasions, as he was alluding to the persistent attacks which 
were being made on the then present status of the University, 
and was exhorting every one who was satisfied with matters as 
they were to make a courageous fight of it, he electrified us by 
the vigourous way in which he concluded with the apt quotation, 
of that line of Virgil Tu ne cede malis\ sed contra audentior 
ito. And this is no solitary instance of the oratorical skill with 
which he made use of his wondrous acquaintance with the Greek 
and Eoman classics. 

The Doctor was also especially happy in devising Academic 
documents, and in the selection or invention of appropriate 
mottoes. E.g. the Latin certificates of Honours at graduation 
the parchment is surrounded by beautiful scroll-work, and at 
the ftop appears a regal crown encircled by a band bearing the 
inscription COLL-BEG'APVD-CA^ADENSES. Again, the 
Latin labels in the prize books are ornamented in a similar way, 



THE EEV. JOHN McCAUL, LL.D. 5 

only instead of the crown, etc. (which are stamped on the outside 
covers), is seen a laurel wreath of victory containing within it, 
by a clever adaptation by the omission of a single letter, an 
expression used more than once by Euripides, MH AH TO I 
21 E<t>ANOT2A. This last legend, accompanying a beautifully 
executed representation of the goddess of Victory, who holds in 
her extended right hand a crown of laurel and in her left a palm 
branch, occurs also on the medals. t These may appear to some 
to be small matters to speak about, but they do indicate schol- 
arly ability. With regard to the APVD'CAXADENSES, I 
find that it has since become APVD'TORONTONENSES. 
Dr. McCaul is responsible for both. I have an idea that the 
astute Doctor wanted to make as big a thing as possible of our 
nascent University, and it must also be borne in mind that 
Toronto was not then the magnificent city that it is now. 

Be that as it may, the points just mentioned form a very 
natural introduction to what I am about to state in conclusion. 
The Doctor, during the faithful discharge of his arduous duties 
as President and Professor, yet found time to compose and pub- 
lish two great works, which became soon and widely celebrated, 
especially among archaeological and theological scholars. These 
were severally entitled Britanno-Roman Inscriptions and Chris- 
tian Epitaphs of the First Six Centuries. 

Epigraphy seems to have been a favourite pursuit of the Doc- 
tor's, and we have close at hand two examples of how proficient he 
himself became in it. I allude first to the large and beautiful tab- 
let in the University commemorating the completion of its present 
stately abode. This tablet was considerably damaged by the dis- 
astrous fire of some years ago, but has since been restored under 
the supervision of Professor Hutton, now Principal of University 
College. My second reference is to the words sculptured on the 
stone pedestals of the two large siege guns, which were taken at 
the capture of Sebastopol by the allied armies of Great Britain 
and France, and presented by Queen Victoria to the citizens of 
Toronto. All these three inscriptions were the work of Dr. 
McCaul. I have lately studied them with ever-fresh delight, 
and I assert, without the slightest fear of contradiction, that 
they are masterpieces of inscriptional composition. 

Dr. McCaul died in April, 1887, and was buried in St. James' 
Cemetery, his very large funeral, at once of an academic and 
public character, bearing testimony to the high esteem in which 
he and his were held. 



UNIVERSITY OF TORONTO MONTHLY 



UNIVERSITY ENDO \YAIKXTS IN THE UNITED 

STATES. 

BY THOMAS HODGINS, M.A. 

IT has been truly said that education, is not a money-making 
business; it is either a benevolence, or a public defence. 
There is not an institution of advanced learning that can pay its 
way by tuition. 1 

Therefore in the establishment of institutions, for what is 
called higher education, there must be a sacrifice, or a benevo- 
lence in the shape of voluntary gifts of money, or land or other 
property, either by the community at large through its legisla- 
ture, or by private individuals who desire to perpetuate their 
names as benefactors, or by religious associations for the perpetu- 
ation of their faith and the better instruction of their pastors 
and teachers. No community, private individual or religious 
association, has ever contributed to the establishment of a col- 
lege or university with the expectation of making a financial 
profit or deriving income therefrom, such as the shareholders of 
a trading corporation anticipate in the shape of dividends. 

During the early American colonial times, the first schools 
and colleges, which were established on this continent, were 
modelled after the grammar schools, and old classical public 
schools of England. The colonists brought with them the belief 
that culture and learning were essential for the proper govern- 
ment and well-being of the community. 

The relations of the religious bodies and the civil authorities 
in the matter of education, were very close in those early days, 
and both often combined to prescribe, minutely and drastically 
the duties of the individual in the relations of civil life. 

In the matter of schools, the leading churches with the tacit 
or expressed assent of the political government, assumed the 
education of youth, and the schools were generally maintained 
by the benevolence of the religious denominations, often assisted 
by public grants and private enterprise. 

The early colonial governments made provision for the pro- 
motion of education, either through the grant of chartered rights 
and privileges to religious or local applicants, or by establishing 
schools and colleges, by legislative enactment, and sustaining 
them by taxation or by grants of money and lands. 

1 History of Federal and State Aid to Higher Education, by Prank 
A. Blackman, Ph.D., Washington, 1890, p. 27. 



UNIVERSITY ENDOWMENTS 7 

The methods adopted in the several colonies for aiding higher 
education, were in harmony with the primitive habits and policy 
of the colonial communities. The teachers who presided over 
the schools were generally the pastors or preachers of the locality, 
or their assistants. 

Harvard College at Cambridge got a legislative grant of 400, 
which amounted to a tax of about half a dollar per head of the 
population. The earliest direct tax imposed by the legislature for 
the support of the college, was one peck of corn, or its equivalent 
(12d.), to be paid by each family in the colony. 

Yale College, Connecticut, commenced with a legislative 
appropriation of 120 a year, and a first grant of 100, and 
some land, subsequently supplemented by other grants. 

In some cases the colonial legislature considered lotteries 
to be a proper means of providing endowments, and, Columbia 
College (orginally King's College), N~ew Y r ork, was founded 
under an act for raising 2,260 by a public lottery, which realized 
3,282, and subsequently the legislature levied an excise duty 
on liquors for its maintenance, and made further appropriations 
of money and land. 

William and Mary College, Virginia, obtained a large endow- 
ment from England, and from local sources, and also legislative 
aid in the shape of a tax on skins and furs " carried out of this 
their Majesty's domain," which was afterwards supplemented by 
a grant of 200 per annum, out of an excise duty of " One penny 
a gallon, of wine, rum, brandy and other distilled spirits," and 
also by a " duty of one penny per pound of tobacco, exported 
into ]STorth Carolina from Virginia." 

The University of Pennsylvania became the successor of 
Penn's Grammar School, Friend's Public School, and Pennsyl- 
vania Academy. By Dr. Franklin's efforts 2,000 was sub- 
scribed, which was supplemented by a grant of 300 from Phila- 
delphia. The local legislature also authorized it on several occa- 
sions to raise money by lotteries, from which it realized, about 
6,000. Other donations of money and land followed. 

When the several colonies became independent of Great Bri- 
tain, and undertook the responsibilities of independent sover- 
eignties, some of them incorporated into their constitutions 
provisions for the establishment and maintenance of universities. 
The constitution of Massachusetts, after reciting that wisdom, 
knowledge and virtue are necessary for the preservation of the 
rights and liberties of the people, declared it to be the duty of 
the legislature, in all future periods " To cherish the interests 
of literature and the sciences, and all seminaries of them, espe- 



8 UNIVERSITY OF TORONTO MONTHLY 

cially the University at Cambridge." In that of Georgia it was 
provided that " The arts and sciences shall bo promoted in one 
or more seminaries of learning, and the legislature shall, as soon 
as conveniently may be, give such further donations and privi- 
leges to those already established, as may be necessary to secure 
the objects of their institution." Other constitutions direct the 
legislatures to take measures for the improvement of lands 
granted by the United States for a seminary of learning, and 
declare that the moneys raised from such lands "shall be and 
remain a fund for the exclusive support of a State university, 
for the promotion of the arts, literature and the sciences." 

The later history of university education in the United States 
discloses a gradual separation of the early alliance between 
church and state, and a cessation of state aid to church and pri- 
vate institutions, in harmony with the modern principles of 
political government. After the independence of the United 
States, the adoption of this policy was recognized as absolutely 
imperative in the establishment of a state system of public or 
common school education; and as a necessary sequence, it grad- 
ually extended to the institutions for higher education. 

In harmony with this political policy of the public educational 
system, state universities have been established and endowed, but 
not under any church, or denominational control. The colleges 
of colonial times were after the resolution confirmed in their 
chartered rights and privileges. 

The first grant of lands by the Federal Government for the 
establishment of colleges and universities was made in 1787, 
and the new Territories and States were prematurely induced to 
estaWish universities, in what was then aptly termed " The 
wildernesses of the West," under the mistaken idea that a uni- 
versity was necessary for the proper support of the primary and 
secondary public schools, an inversion of the true and more prac- 
tical and modern educational policy. These universities had to 
pass through many years of inactivity and meagre support, and 
in some cases they had to submit to losses from mismanagement 
and bad investments. While these Western States increased in 
population some of their colleges and universities became unable 
from these causes to furnish the liberal education required, and 
few of them were able to come up to the standard of collegiate 
education, or to give instruction in the subjects promised in their 
calendars. In a few of these states the legislature supplemented 
the original endowment with liberal aid, and thereby enabled 
the universities to come up to a fair collegiate standard. 

The rapid and marvellous evolution of the physical sciences, 



UNIVEBSITY ENDOWMENTS 9 

and of the industrial and mechanical arts, has commanded the 
attention of philosophic and practical educationists, and has 
resulted in a fuller recognition of the necessity of providing 
enlarged facilities and better equipment for scientific study and 
experiments, and of incorporating those sciences and arts as parts 
of and essential to, a proper and efficient system of university 
education. 

This enlargement of the sphere of university education neces- 
sarily involves a consideration of the financial resources of the 
universities. For it must be conceded that a university endow- 
ment sufficient for the instruction of students in the old depart- 
ments of classics and mathematics, could not efficiently provide 
for these necessary extensions of its modern departments of study, 
nor provide appropriate means of instruction, nor facilities for 
the experiments and investigations which they demand, and 
therefore, many of the universities desirous of keeping abreast 
of the times, are compelled to plead that, from poverty of means, 
or limited endowments, they are unable to provide for the press- 
ing modern demands made upon them to give the instruction 
and provide proper facilities for the necessary investigations; 
in short, they plead the pressing want of better educational equip- 
ment for the rapidly advancing scientific and intellectual neces- 
sities of the age. 

The more enlightened people in the United States are begin- 
ning to realize the functions and duties of the universities, 
and the necessity of ample financial endowments. The duty 
of private benevolence, which, in less enlightened days, was 
so beneficiently exemplified in the endowments given to the 
ancient universities of Oxford and Cambridge, has induced some 
of the more wealthy to follow the example these set, and to revive 
in modern days the characteristics of the beneficient founders 
and benefactors of earlier times. 

Benefactions to universities, in the colonial days, were of small 
amounts as compared with the more modern ones. The gift of 
his library and one-half his estate, which realized only 395 3s., 
by John Harvard in 1638, was acknowledged by perpetuating 
his name in the historical Harvard College. The donation of 
400 to the College of Connecticut caused the colonial legisla- 
ture to order that the college should be thereafter known as 
Yale College, in honour of its generous benefactor. 

But the most important stimulus to private benevolence and 
colonial and state liberality to university education was the appro- 
priation of Federal lands by the Act of Congress, ch. 130, 1862, 
by which each of the States became entitled to a grant of public 



10 UNIVERSITY OF TOBONTO MONTHLY 

lands in the ratio of 30,000 acres for each senator and repre- 
sentative of the State in Congress for the endowment, support 
and maintenance of at least one college in the State. Where the 
leading object should be (without excluding scientific and classi- 
cal studies, and military tactics), to teach such branches of 
learning as are related to agriculture, and the mechanic arts, in 
order to promote the liberal and practical education of the indus- 
trial classes in the several pursuits and professions in life. 

The act provides that there be granted to the several States, 
for the purposes hereinafter mentioned, an amount of public 
land ; a quantity to be apportioned to each State, equal to 30,000 
acres for each senator and representative in Congress to which 
the States are respectively entitled by the apportionment under 
the census of 1860. 

" Whenever there are public lands in a State subject to sale 
at $1.25 per acre, the quantity to which said State shall be 
entitled shall be selected from such lands within the limits of 
such State. And the Secretary of the Interior is hereby directed 
to issue to each of the States in which there is not the quantity 
of public lands subject to sale at $1.25 per acre, to which said 
State may be entitled under the provisions of this Act, land 
scrip to the amount in acres for the deficiency of its distributive 
share, Said scrip to be sold by the said States, and the proceeds 
thereof applied to the uses and purposes prescribed in this Act, 
and for no other use or purpose whatsoever, provided that in no 
case shall any State to which land scrip may thus be issued, be 
allowed to locate the same within the limits of any other State, 
or of any Territory of the United States, but their assignee may 
thus locate said land scrip upon any of the unappropriated lands 
of the United States, subject to sale at $1.25 or less, per acre. 

" When lands shall be selected from those which have bean 
raised to double the minimum price, in consequence of railroad 
grants, they shall be computed to the States at the maximum 
price, and the number of acres proportionally diminished. 

"That all moneys derived from the sale of the lands afore- 
said by the States to which the lands are apportioned, and from 
the sale of land scrip hereinbefore provided for, shall be invested 
nr stocks of the United States, or of the States, or some other 
safe stocks yielding not less than 5 per cent, upon the par value 
said stocks, and that the moneys so invested shall constitute 
i perpetual fund, the capital of which shall remain forever 
undimimshed." 

The following list of University endowments in the. United 
btates is interesting : Leland Stanford, $25,000,000; Columbia, 



UNIVEKSITY ENDOWMENTS 11 

$13,000,000 ; Harvard, $11,000,000 ; Yale, $10,000,000 ; 
Cornell, $9,000,000; California State, 1 $7,000,000; 'Chicago, 
$6,000,000; Texas, $6,000,000; Pennsylvania, $4,500,000; 
Johns Hopkins, $3,000,000; Mississippi, $3,000,000; Ann 
Arbor 2 , $2,500,000; Vermont, $2,500,000; Ohio, 3 $2,000,000. 
It should be recognized and enforced as a political axiom that 
a properly equipped university, in which the modern sciences 
and industries are as necessary parts of academic instruction, 
as the ordinary literary and scientific subjects, is not only help- 
ful to the professional, commercial, and mechanical activities 
and enterprises of the community, but also to the development 
of the latent mental forces, which guide the inventive and con- 
structive faculties of those whose inventions and constructions 
contribute to the mental wealth of the nation. 



THE KING AND THE UNIVEESITY. 

BY JOHN A. COOPER, B.A., LL.B. 

A unique honour falls to the University of Toronto in that at 
is the only university in Canada which had the distinction 
of having on its undergraduate roll the name of the present 
King of England and on its graduate roll the name:' of the present 
heir-apparent to the British throne. The latter part of the honour 
is shared by other Canadian institutions, but the former part is 
one of the sentimental glories which Varsity shares with none 
of her contemporaries. 

Tuesday, September llth, 1860, Albert Edward, Heir Appar- 
ent to the British Throne, and now r Edward VII., spent a busy 
day in the city of Toronto. He attended a regatta on Toronto 
Bay and laid a pedestal for a statue of ^the Queen in Queen's 
Park. This latter event was really a University function, for 
on that day the University authorities inaugurated and opened 
the park to the public. On arriving: at the grounds, His Royal 
Highness was met by a reception committee consisting of the 
Rev. Dr. McCaul and* Messrs. Cumberland, Brunot, Morrison 
and Patterson. Dr. McCaul read an address to the Prince as 
follows : 

(1) Also a State tax of 1/10 mill on the Dollar. 

(2) Also a State tax of 1/6 mill on the Dollar, and $550,000 from the 
United States land grant of 1862. 

(3) Also $90.000 a year from a State tax of 1/20 mill on the Dollar, 
and $18,000 a year from the United States land grant of 1862. 



12 UNIVERSITY OF TORONTO MONTHLY 

May it Please Jour Royal Highness: 

As Chairman of the Committee on Programme and Arrangement, I 
am deputed, on behalf of the citizens of Toronto, to request that your 
Royal Highness will be graciously pleased to lay the foundation-stone of 
the pedestal of a statue of the Queen. Our object in erecting the statue 
is, that there may be a permanent manifestation of our grateful sense of 
the manifold blessings which we enjoy under Her Majesty's benignant 
rule. I am deputed further to request that Your Royal Highness will be 
graciously pleased to inaugurate that portion of the University Park, 
which has been set apart for the use of the citizens; and I feel assured 
that I speak the sentiments of every member of the community, when I 
give utterance to the confident hope, that this and succeeding genera- 
tions, whilst availing themselves of the opportunities which this place 
of public resort presents for healthful recreation, will ever associate 
their enjoyment of these advantages, with the reign of a Sovereign, to 
whose throne and person the citizens of Toronto are devoutly attached, 
and with the visit of a Prince, whose presence amongst us is welcomed 
with enthusiastic joy. 

The Prince deposited the memorial bottle in the cavity of the 
stone, which was then lowered into place. Dr. McCaul declared 
the park open, and the people cheered enthusiastically in spite 
of the rain which fell so generously. 

Then followed a review of the troops and a visit to the Univer- 
sity. The main building had just been opened in the previous 
year, and the authorities were proud to show His Royal High- 
ness what was then and is still the most handsome building in 
Canada, The Prince was met at the entrance by the Chancellor 
(Hon. Mr. Justice Burns), the Vice-Chancellor (J. Langton, 
Auditor-General) ; the President of University College (Rev. Dr. 
McCaul) and the President of the University Association (Hon. 
James Patton). They conducted His Royal Highness to the 
Convocation Hall that handsome room which was afterwards 
to inspire respect and awe in the hearts of many undergraduates 
until the disastrous fire swept it away in 1890. Through a lane 
of graduates and students, the Prince passed to the dias, on which 
was a throne surmounted by the royal arms in gold. The motto 
of the occasion was "Imperil Spem Spes Provinciae Salutat." 

The Chancellor then read the following address: 

May it Please Jour Royal Highness: We, the Chancellor, Vice-Chan- 
cellor, Senate, and Graduates of the University of Toronto, and the 
President, Council, and Members of University College, desire to 
welcome your Royal Highness with loyal and dutiful respect on your 
visit to the capital of Upper Canada; and gladly avail ourselves of the 
auspicious occasion to renew the assurance of our devoted loyalty to 
the Queen, and to express our grateful appreciation of the manifold 
blessings which we enjoy under Her Majesty's benign sway. 

Fresh from the advantages of England's most ancient University, 
your Royal Highness now honours with your presence the Academic 
Halls of this younger Province. The pleasures and the profit united 
in pursuit of collegiate studies have already been enjoyed by you; 
and we doubt not that our efforts to extend the same educational 
privileges among our Canadian youth will command your sympathy; 



THE KING AND THE UNIVERSITY 13 

framed as our system is upon the model of the institutions of our 
mother country, while adapted in its details to the special wants of 
this portion of the Empire. 

To this great work, which involves the intellectual advancement 
of Canada, our best energies have been directed. By its means the 
great advantages of liberal culture and academic honours and rewards 
are placed within the reach of all who are prepared to avail them- 
selves of their untrammelled facilities; and under the divine blessing 
our exertions have already been crowned with such success as 
encourages us to anticipate a noble future for our Provincial Uni- 
versity and College. 

The high gratification which we feel on welcoming, in the heir 
of the British Crown, the lineal descendant of our royal founder, is 
specially enhanced to us by the consideration that alike by study and 
travel your Royal Highness is being trained for the duties of the 
exalted position you are destined to occupy. In these halls, devoted 
to the training of the youth on whom the future hopes of Canada rest, 
we welcome you as the hope of this great Empire. We rejoice to 
recognize in our Prince the promise of qualities which will render him 
worthy to be the successor of our beloved Queen, whose virtues are 
associated with the glories of her throne, and whose sceptre is the 
guarantee of equal liberties enjoyed in this as every Province of Her 
world wide dominions. 

To this His Royal Highness made the following reply : 

GENTLEMEN, I rejoice to receive the assurance of your loyalty to 
the Queen, and your appreciation of the blessings enjoyed under Her 
sway by every portion of the Empire of Great Britain. I am at this 
moment a member of a more ancient University; but I am not on that 
account the less inclined to respect and honour those efforts as 
directed to the spread of knowledge and learning in a young country. 
I sympathize heartily with the efforts which you are making on behalf 
of science and literature. I believe that much depends on your exer- 
tions; and I earnestly hope that the best evidence of the successful 
exertions of the University of Toronto may hereafter be found in the 
progress and prosperity of Canada. 

The Vice-Chancellor moved, and the President seconded, that 
the Prince having expressed his willingness to become a student 
of the college, he be admitted as one of the second year. This 
was carried amid enthusiastic cheers. Registrar Moss then pre- 
sented the roll and His Royal Highness signed it, even as his 
son signed it the other day. 

It must have been a pleasant occasion for the prince. Scarcely 
nineteen years of age, he could appreciate meeting a body of 
young men about his own age, enthusiastic laughing students 
full of life and ambition. Among the undergraduates who were 
at that time in attendance were many who afterwards became 
well-known throughout the country the earliest of that long- 
line of earnest graduates which our University has given to 
Canada and to the world. Among others, there were: 

Rev. J". Munro Gibson, M.A., London, Eng.; James Loudon, 
LL.D., President of the University of Toronto; J. A. McLellan, 
M.A., LL.D., Principal of Ontario Normal College, Hamilton, 
Ont. ; Dr. R. A. Reeve, Dean of the University of Toronto 



14 CNIVERSITY OF TORONTO MONTHLY 

Medical Faculty; Hugh I. Strang, B.A., Principal of the 
Collegiate Institute, Goderich, Ont.; William Tytler, B.A., 
School Inspector, Guelph, Ont.; Professor E. Erisbv, M.A., 
Washington, U.S.; Hon. J. M. Gibson, K.C., M.A., LL.R, Attor- 
ney-General of Ontario; William D. LeSueur, B.A., Ottawa; 
Hon. William Mulock, K.C., M.A., LL.D., Postmaster-General 
of Canada; William B. McMurrich, K.C., M.A., Toronto; Dr. 
W. Oldright, M.A., Toronto; Rev. William H. Withrow, M.A., 
editor "Methodist Magazine," Toronto; Professor T. W. Wright, 
M.A., Professor of Mathematics, Union College, Schenect- 
ady, !N".Y.; John King, K.C., M.A., Toronto; John MacMillan, 
B.A., Principal of the Collegiate Institute, Ottawa, Ont.; 
Thomas C. Patteson, B.A., postmaster, Toronto; Julius Rossin, 
M.A., Hamburg, Germany; John Seath, B.A., High School 
Inspector, Toronto; H. B. Spotton, M.A., Principal of Harbord 
St. Collegiate Institute, Toronto; W. H. vanderSmissen, M.A., 
Professor of German, University College, Toronto. 



THE ROYAL VISIT. 

BY PROFESSOR RAMSAY WRIGHT. 

SOME forty years have elapsed since King Edward distin- 
guished our University by accepting admission as an Under- 
graduate ad eundem statum, and now his son has just left us after 
receiving the highest honour which we can bestow. Reminis- 
cences of the former Royal visit must be furnished by ^n older 
member of the University than myself; in my day only the scroll 
on the south wall of the Convocation Hall " IMPERII SPEM 
SPES PROVINCIAL SALUTAT," the Prince's chair and the 
Prince's prize remained as constant reminders of it, and of these 
the Eire left us only the last aes 7 it is to be hoped, perennium. 

I suppose Dr. McCaul was the author of the motto almost 
prophetic in those days when as yet Imperial Eederation was 
unheard of, and in these most apt in its appropriateness. It 
may be said that " spes provinciae " is ambiguous, but whether 
we interpret it as the University itself or as the band of young 
undergraduates welcoming the Prince, every Toronto man will 
acknowledge the motto to be happy in its ambiguity. So the 
scroll was reproduced and greeted the Duke of York in the East 
Hall the old Library, as it, had done his father in the old 
Convocation Hall. 

Perhaps never in recent times have we felt more acutely the 
want of a suitable Theatre for University functions than on this 



THE EOYAL VISIT 15 

occasion. Only a hundred and twenty students could be invited 
to represent the undergraduate body in the gallery specially 
erected for their accommodation, whereas the occasion was 
eminently one on which it should have been possible for every 
member of the University to show his loyalty by his presence. 
It is true that with such a Theatre we should have had to sacrifice 
one of the most picturesque features of the function, the greet- 
ing of the Duke and Duchess by the students who lined the 
approaches from College Street to the doors 01 the Hall. 
But the Royal party had already learned on their arrival how 
Toronto students can cheer, "We had never heard since leav- 
ing England such hearty British cheering " was the verdict 
which came to my ears. Here perhaps, I may interpolate a 
less complimentary estimate of the tin-trumpet as an instrument 
for the expression of joyful emotions, " Our hearts sank when 
for the first time on our tour we heard those discordant sounds 
we thought we were being ' boo'd ' on the road to the Review, 
until we were otherwise assured." May our young Canadians 
generally return to the British cheer as a more expressive, even 
if more fatiguing method of venting enthusiam. 

The committee in charge of the arrangements had a difficult 
and thankless task to discharge in drawing up the list of invita- 
tions, for the accomodation in the East Hall was soon exhausted 
after provision had been made for those connected with the 
Senate, the Trustees and the various Faculties of the University, 
for the members of government, a few other officials representa- 
tive of the City and Province and for our short list of benefactors. 
There was again demonstrated that one of the most pressing 
needs of the University is a large Convocation Hall. However, 
in spite of our inadequate space being used to the utmost, there 
was no crowding within the building, and, thanks to Col. 
Grasett's arrangements, the utmost order prevailed among the 
crowds outside. 

Although the Royal party reached Toronto on October 10th 
in. weather the reverse of promising, fortunately the next day, 
Friday, the morning of which was reserved for the great Review 
and the afternoon for the University Convocation, turned out 
a perfect day, and the grounds were consequently thronged 
with people before four o'clock, for which hour the ceremony 
had been fixed. No attempt had been made to decorate the 
Main Building, but the students, marshalled by Professor C. H. 
C. Wright of the School of Science, made a brave display of 
their colours along the route, while the smart University 
Engineer Corps under Captain Lang, acting as a Guard of 



16 UNIVERSITY OF TOEONTO MONTHLY 

Honour, made a bright spot with their scarlet tunics in front 
of the main entrance. Within, the simple but effective decora- 
tions of the East Hall and its approaches bore evidence of the 
great care which had been bestowed upon them by the Chan- 
cellor and Vice-Chancellor in common with the President, not 
the least attractive of the interior decorations being due to 
Principal Hutton's happy suggestion that the women-students 
should line the route to the Hall within the Building as the men 
did outside. 

A dais had been erected in the Hall with five imposing chairs 
borrowed for the occasion from Osgoode Hall, as was the Royal 
coat of arms -above them. Otherwise only standing room was 
arranged for the members of Senate and others invited to the 
platform. 

Something more than the usual amount of ceremony seemed 
appropriate to the occasion, and regrets were heard that the 
Chancellor's robe, which by the way had not been used since 
Mr. Justice Morrison's time, had been destroyed in the 
Fire. But no one in the present state of our finances had the 
temerity to suggest the replacing of the robe out of University 
funds, fearful perhaps of those accusations of extravagance 
which Mr. Langton recounts in the amusing " Tale of a Gown " 
contained in his biographical notice of Sir Daniel Wilson. 
However, Dr. Hoskin came to the rescue and a handsome robe 
was imported from Oxford for the occasion. I wish I could 
remember the almost loving terms in which the tailor described 
this work of art in his bill almost enough to justify the big 
figures at the bottom of it "Richest black brocaded satin 
specially woven for the purpose " " Ornaments of finest oak- 
leaf gold lace on the wings," etc., etc. Suffice it to say that 
we were all proud of the imposing appearance of our Chan- 
cellor at Convocation. The Duke wore a new doctor's gown 
and the Governor-General one which has already seen service in 
the University when worn by our past Vice-Chancellor, Dr. 
Larratt Smith, and all three had gold-tassels to their caps, that 
outward and visible sign of nobility, which has enriched our 
vocabulary with the word "tuft-hunter." Messrs. C. A. Moss 
and Eric Armour acted as Esquire Bedels and robed our guests 
before attending the Royal party to the Hall. 

The Senate had already left the Senate-room for the Hall 
preceded by the Bedel with the mace and the Registrar with the 
Liber Aureus, while the ; Chancellor, Vice-Chancellor and Presi- 
dent were engaged in receiving at the Main Entrance our Royal 
and Vice-Regal guests. The Chancellor entrusted to me the 



THE EOYAL VISIT 17 

marshalling of these into a procession, which piesently made its 
way to the Hall under the guidance of one of the Esquire 
Bedels. Following the Lieutenant-Governor's party and the 
ladies and gentlemen in attendance on Their Excellencies and 
Their Royal Highnesses came the Lady-in-Waiting, Lady Mary 
Lygon, escorted by Premier Ross, Miss Mowat by Lord Wen- 
lock, and last of all the Duke and Duchess and the Goveoior- 
General and Lady Minto escorted by the Chancellor, Vice- 
Chancellor, the President and myself. 

A short pause was made in the 1 atrium which I refuse to 
call "rotunda," to enable the Duchess to receive a beautiful 
bouquet of the White Roses of York, gracefully presented 011 
behalf of the women-students by the President of their Literary 
Society and graciously accepted by Her Royal Highness. Soon 
the audience was standing to !the strains of "God Save the King" 
coming from the students in the gallery, who, by the way, had 
been selected partly for their musical ability, and, under the 
direction of Mr. Abbott, discharged their function nobly of 
varying the proceedings with patriotic songs. 

After the Chancellor, Their Royal Highnesses, and Their 
Excellencies had taken their seats, the ceremony was opened 
by the conferring of the degree of LL.D. on the Duke of York. 

A special compliment was paid to His Excellency by selecting 
him, our most recent Doctor, to present the Duke for the same 
degree. This he did addressing the Chancellor as follows: 

Insignissime Cancellarie et tota Academia praesento vobis 
egregium hunc virum Georgium, Cornubiae et Eboraci Ducem alumni 
nostri dilectissimi Regis fllium nutritum faustis sub penetralibus 
Victoriae Reginae et Imperatricis excellentissiinae aemuluin virtutum 
illius ut habeat gradum Doctoris in Legibus honoris causa. 

Thereupon the Chancellor rising offered the Diploma and the 
right hand of fellowship to His Royal Highness with the follow- 
ing words: 

Illustrissime Princeps, Ego, auctoritate mea et totius Universitatis, 
admitto te ad gradum Doctoris in Legibus honoris causa, et te, 
Imperil spem, accipio in corpus nostrum. 

The Diploma had been specially engrossed for the occasion, 
and embodied as usual some words explanatory of the reason for 
the University conferring an honorary degree on the recipient. 
In this case thev were as follows: 

Quumque Georgius, Dux Cornubiae et Eboraci, vir amplissimus et 
ornatissimus sit atque summo honore et amore dignus et propter 
Patrem, Regem nostrum, et propter ipsum, quippe qui et heres et 
summa spes sit Imperil Britannic!. 

Needless to say that Professor ^Fletcher was, as usual, respon- 
sible for the graceful form in which these sentiments are couched. 



18 UNIVEESITY OF TORONTO MONTHLY 

After the Duke had signed his name in the Liber Aureus, 
the Chancellor read the following address, which was illuminated 
on vellum, and bound in book-form in blue and white morocco, 
with the ever-useful motto stamped in gold thereon: 

MAY IT PLEASE YOUR ROYAL HIGHNESS: We, the Chancellor, Vice- 
Chancellor and Senate of the University of Toronto, desire to welcome 
with loyal and dutiful respect Your Royal Highness and Her Royal 
Highness, the Duchess of Cornwall and York, to the Province of Ontario 
and to this the provincial seat of learning. We avail ourselves of this 
favorable opportunity to renew our devoted allegiance to your 
illustrious father our Sovereign King Edward the Seventh. 

More than forty years have passed since this University upon an 
occasion like the present had the honour of receiving His Majesty, 
then Prince of Wales, and of placing his name upon the roll of its 
undergraduates. The superscription " Imperil Spem Spes Provincial 
Salutat," which rose against the vaulted roof of Convocation Hall, the 
scene of that first royal visit, was reduced to ashes in our disastrous 
fire. But its memory remains and its double hope is being fulfilled. 
In welcoming therefore Your Royal Highness we beg leave to repeat 
our scroll and apply it to your gracious visit of to-day: " Imperil Spem 
Spes Provincise Salutat." Since that time far-reaching changes have 
taken place in this country and in this University. The scattered 
provinces of this loved Britain beyond the seas have been welded into 
one vast Dominion, whose deepest wish is closer union with that 
Kingdom and Empire of which Your Royal Highness is now the stead- 
fast hope. Through all these years our University has kept pace with 
the march of mind. Its courts have widened, its paths have lengthened, 
and like a wide-spread tree its refreshing shade extends over a sister 
University, several Colleges and various other institutions. Your 
illustrious father on that memorable occasion expressed the hope that 
the best evidence of the successful exertions of the University of 
Toronto might thereafter be found in the progress and prosperity of 
Canada. We venture to believe that the many signs of active progress 
and material prosperity which Your Royal Highness has observed are 
attributable in no small degree to that liberal culture in Arts and 
Science which the University of Toronto has placed within the reach 
of all. 

And we venture also to entertain the well founded hop that from 
these halls of learning there will issue generations of ripe scholars to 
develop the intellectual and material resources of this Province. 

The deep pleasure we feel on receiving the heir of the British 
Crown, the destined successor of our most distinguished under- 
graduate, is enhanced by the consideration that Your Royal Highness 
is obtaining practical knowledge of the countries and peoples you will 
one day be called upon to rule. With all due respect we express the 
hope that when under Divine Providence this shall come to pass the 
glorious sceptre of Great Britain will in the hands of Your Royal 
Highness preserve the brilliancy, the freedom and the gentleness of 
the Victorian Era. 

The following is the text of the Duke's reply, which was 
delivered in a voice audible throughout the Hall, and elicited 
hearty applause by its appropriateness. 

MB. CHANCELLOR AND GENTLEMEN, We thank you for the kind 
welcome to this Province which you offer us in the name of the 
University of Toronto, and I shall have much pleasure in conveying the 
renewal of your allegiance to His Majesty the King. 



THE EOYAL VISIT 19 

Looking at this handsome pile of buildings and its ample equip- 
ment, we feel that you and the Government of the Province are to be 
congratulated upon the courage and energy with which you have faced 
the task of re-erecting your University after the disastrous fire to 
which you refer, and upon the success that has crowned your efforts. 
You have earned the gratitude of all Canadians for the speedy advance 
of your steps with the onward march of mind, throwing wide your 
doors to welcome whatever may conduce toward the increase of 
intellectual culture and scientific development. It is a fitting crown 
to the admirable and complete system of education pf which Ontario 
justly boasts. 

I deeply appreciate the high honour of a degree in your distin- 
guished University, which you have just conferred upon me. At the same 
time you have reminded me that the undergraduate's roll bears the 
name of my dear father, and I further notice he has remained in that 
position more than forty years. 

The Duchess joins with me in wishing that, as years roll on, the 
University of Toronto may continue to send forth from its halls, not 
only men of cultured minds but leaders in thought and in action, to 
take part in guiding the destinies of this Province and of the great 
Dominion. 

Convocation was then dismissed by the Chancellor,, and the 
Koyal party left; the Hall to the strains of " Alma Mater " 
with the Chancellor and the Duke at their head, and thus ter- 
minated a University function, which I have been repeatedly 
informed impressed all our guests by its simplicity and dignity. 



A LEGAL REMINISCENCE OE THE UNIVERSITY, 
A.D. 1860. 

BY S. G. WOOD, LL.B. 

THOSE members of the Bar of Ontario whose legal memories 
run back to the middle decades of the just expired century, 
and who underwent the annual examinations at the University of 
Toronto prescribed for the obtaining of the degree of LL.B., 
entertain, or ought to entertain, a lively sense of gratitude to 
their Alma Mater. If they do not, they are open to the reproach 
of thankless children of a beneficent mother, for at that period 
no other adequate method or hardly any was open for the 
attainment of professional knowledge of the law by means of a 
systematic course of study. Few, if any, legal practitioners 
troubled themselves with regard to the studies of their clerks 
(and here it may be parenthetically remarked that nowadays 
there are no clerks). Every aspirant to the law seems to scorn the 
designation of anything less than student. If the word is a 
true indication of the fact, so much the better. No doubt at the 
time referred to the industrious and aspiring ones did read, but 
so far as the Law Society was concerned, no regular course of 



20 UNIVERSITY OF TORONTO , MONTHLY 

reading was ordered or suggested, and no special or pressing incen- 
tive to study existed except the prospect of the final examina- 
tion for admission to practise and call to the* bar. The tempta- 
tion to postpone work, and to cram during the closing months 
of apprenticeship, must have been, and no doubt in many 
instances was, irresistible. The only pabulum prescribed or fur- 
nished by the Law Society was the attendance of students at 
the Sittings of tne Courts held during the terms of Hilary, Easter, 
Trinity and Michaelmas now names of the past, relics of 
antiquity voces et prceterea nihil and attendance at lectures 
delivered during the same periods of the year by certain senior 
members of the profession, generally benchers, on such legal 
subjects as they might select. Each student during his appren- 
ticeship was thus obliged to keep at least four terms. The excel- 
lent intention was that they, by listening to the learned arguments 
in the then Courts of Queen's Bench and Common Pleas, on 
general or special demurrers, or on motions in arrest of judgment 
or for judgment non obstante veredicto, and the like, should 
acquire a knowledge of the niceties of the law and the practice 
of the Courts. But alas, this admirable purpose was to a large 
extent defeated by the persistent practice of the average aspirant 
to legal lore, who after daily registering his name in the books 
provided for that purpose, forthwith took his departure with- 
out allowing his brain to be unduly exercised by following the 
knotty points under discussion between the Bench and the Bar. 
The morning lectures delivered in the west wing of Osgoode 
Hall, sometimes in the old Queen's Bench Court Room, and at 
others in the old Chancery Court, by such men as S. H. Strong, 
P. W. Vankoughnet, J. T. Anderson and D. B. Read, could not 
fail to be useful and instructive, as far as they went; but four 
courses of a fortnight each of lectures lasting an hour each, 
during a period of five or even three years, went but a short way 
towards furnishing legal equipment to a student and turning 
him into a counsel learned in the law. Occasionally the absence 
or delay in the arrival of the lecturer of the day led to the old 
Court Rooms becoming the scenes of fun and frolic not alto- 
gether in keeping with the dignity of the place. Not uncommon 
were races and leap-frog round and amid the benches, and the 
flight of missiles through the air. On one occasion, during a course 
of lectures on Remedial Equity, the learned lecturer happened 
to arrive somewhat behind time and began to offer some explana- 
tion for his delay, whereupon one student had the temerity to 
inquire whether it was caused by " Accident " or " Mistake'" 
I do not think that the third ground for invoking the aid of the 



A LEGAL KEMINISCENCE OF THE UNIVERSITY 21 

Court was named but anyhow, the unhappy wight was visited 
by so stormy a rebuke from the indignant preceptor as probably 
deterred him ever afterwards from asking ill-timed questions of 
a personal nature, even in jest. 

Such was the condition of legal education when the University 
proposed a systematic course of reading, and provided for annual 
examinations thereon, with the prospect' of an honourable degree, 
thus furnishing a motive for industrious study, the fruit of 
which, under such examiners as Adam Crooks of happy memory, 
and W. P. R. Street of present worth, could not fail to be of 
great value. 

In 1860 a number of law students whjo had passed their 
examination for the degree of LL.B. (of whom the writer of these 
reminiscences was one) had especial cause of gratitude to the 
authorities of the University. By leave of the Senate, a special 
convocation was held in order that the graduates of that year 
having received their degrees, might be entitled to go up for 
admission and call at an earlier term than otherwise would have 
been allowable. And so, on the day appointed, they were 
presented to and knelt before that kindly old gentleman and 
excellent Judge, Robert Eaton Burns, the then Chancellor, and 
were each pronounced by him to be in Legibus Baccalaureus. 
They then, in accordance with the fashion of the day, "did" King 
Street in the now almost disused and discarded glory of cap and 
gown. 



ANNOUNCEMENT. 

Alumni of the University of Toronto, who are not already sub- 
scribers to the UNIVERSITY OF TORONTO MONTHLY or who have not paid 
their annual fee to the Alumni Association, should send one dollar to 
the Secretary at once. This will insure the receipt of all publications 
issued by the Association during the present year. The presence of the 
word " Paid " in red ink on the wrapper of this issue shows that the 
receiver's fee for the current year has been paid. 

UNIVERSITY OF TORONTO MONTHLY is published during the college year 
in nine monthly issues. The subscription price is ONE DOLLAR per year, 
single copies TEN CENTS. 

All communications should be addressed to the Secretary of the 
University of Toronto Alumni Association, Dean's House, University 
of Toronto. 



22 



IMVERSITY OF TORONTO MONTHLY 



TORONTONENSIA 



UNIVERSITY OF TORONTO 
MONTHLY. 

ADDRESS ALL COMMUNICATIONS FOR 
PUBLICATION TO THE SECRETARY, UNI- 
VERSITY OF TORONTO. 

Published monthly, October June. 
Subscription $1.00 a year. 

EDITORIAL BOARD. 

I. H. CAMERON, M.B., Chairman. 

J. C. MC-LKNXAN, Ph.D., Secretary. 

J. FLETCHER, M.A., L.L.D.; A. R. 
BAIN, M.A., LL.D.; A. B. MACALLUM, 
M.B., Ph. D.; J. A. COOPER, B.A., 
LL.B.; L. E. EMBREE, M.A.; HON. S. C. 
BIGGS, B.A.; T. A. RUSSELL, B.A.; GEO. 
WILKIE, B.A.; S. J. ROBERTSON, B.A., 
Managing Editor. 



THE UNIVERSITY OF TORONTO ALUMNI. 

ASSOCIATION: LOCAL ORGANIZATIONS 
DIRECTORY. 

GENERAL ASSOCIATION. President, 
DR. R. A. REEVE, Toronto. Secretary, 
J. C. MCLENNAN, Ph. D., Dean's House, 
University of Toronto. 

ALGOMA, DISTRICT OF. President, 
REV. J. ALLAN, B.A., Sault Ste. Marie, 
Ont.; Secretary-Treasurer, LESLIE A. 
GREEN, B.A., Sault Ste. Marie, Ont. 

BARRIE. President, DONALD Ross, 
B.A., LL.B., Secretary-Treasurer, A. F. 
HUNTER, M.A. 

BRITISH COLUMBIA. President, REV. 
R. WHITTINGTON, M.A., B.Sc., Vancou- 
ver, B.C. Secretary-Treasurer, ALFRED 
HALL, B.A., LL.B., B.C.L., Vancouver. 

ELGIN COUNTY, ONT. President, D. 
MCLARTY, M.D., St. Thomas. Secretary, 
S. SILCOX, B.A., B. Paed., St. Thomas. 

GREY AND BRUCE. President, A. G. 
MCKAY, B.A., Owen Sound, Ont. 
Secretary, W. D. FERRIS, M.B., Shallow 
Lake, Ont. 

HASTINGS COUNTY. President, LT.- 
COL. W. N. PONTON, M.A., Belleville. 
Secretary, J. T. LUTON, B.A., Belleville. 

HURON COUNTY. President, WM. 
GUNN, M.D, Clinton, Ont. Secretary- 
Treasurer, CHAS. GARROW, B.A., LL.B., 
Goderich, Ont. 

LENNOX AND ADDINGTON COUNTIES. 
President, H. M. DEROCHE, B.A., K.C., 
Napanee. Secretary-Treasurer, U. J. 
FLACK, M.A., Napanee. 



LINCOLN COUNTY. President, JOHN 
HENDERSON, M.A., St. Catharines. 
Secretary-Treasurer, G. B. BURSON, 
B.A., St. Catharines. 

MIDDLESEX COUNTY. President, TAL- 
BOT MACBETH, B.A., K.C., London. 
Secretary-Treasurer, F. E. PERRIN, B.A., 
London. 

OTTAWA. President, E. R. CAMERON, 
M.A., Ottawa. Secretary-Treasurer, H. 
A. HARPER, M.A., Ottawa. 

PERTH COUNTY, ONT. President, C. J. 
MCGREGOR, M.A., Stratford, Ont. 
Secretary-Treasurer, C. A. MAYBERRY, 
B.A., LL.B., Stratford, Ont. 

PETERBOROUGH COUNTY. President, 
E. B. EDWARDS, B.A., LL.B., K.C., 
Peterborough. Secretary-Treasurer, D. 
WALKER, B.A., Peterborough. 

PRINCE EDWARD COUNTY. President, 
M. CURRIE, B.A., M.B., Picton. Secre- 
tary-Treasurer, A. W. HENDRICK, B.A., 
Picton. 

VICTORIA COUNTY. President, J. C. 
HARSTONE, B.A., Lindsay, Ont. Secre- 
tary-Treasurer, Miss E. G. FLAVELLE, 
B.A., Lindsay, Ont. 

WATERLOO COUNTY. President, His 
HONOUR JUDGE CHISHOLM, Berlin, Ont. 
Secretary-Treasurer, REV. W. A. BRAD- 
LEY, B.A., Berlin, Ont. 

WELLINGTON COUNTY, ONT. Presi- 
dent, WM. TYTLER, B.A., Guelph, Ont. ' 
Secretary-Treasurer, R. L. McKiNNON, 
B.A., LL.B., Guelph, Ont. 

WENTWORTH COUNTY GRADUATES 
ASSOCIATION. President, J. CHISHOLM, 
B.A., Hamilton, Ont. Secretary- 
Treasurer, J. T. CRAWFORD, B.A., Ham- 
ilton, Ont. 



Campus and Corridor. 

Commercial studies may be denned 
as those to which representative 
business men attach importance. 
The University of Toronto is the first 
amongst Canadian Universities to 
organize a course embracing such 
work. The large number of letters of 
enquiry as to its scope coming from 
all parts of the Province seem to 
indicate already a lively interest 
in it. A number of students have 
been enrolled for it, and the Toronto 
Board of Trade has generously pro- 
vided an annual grant of $250 by way 



TORONTONEXSIA 



of prizes for those taking the 
highest standings. In the present 
issue of the MONTHLY only a general 
reference can be made to the studies. 
The course covers two years and 
leads to a Diploma in Commerce. 
The entrance standing required is 
that of junior matriculation in 
the following subjects: English, 
Modern History and Geography, 
Mathematics, and any two modern 
languages. Any student may enter, 
and if successful in passing the 
first year, continue. The curriculum 
comprises: First year English, any 
two of the four modern languages, 
viz.: French, German, Italian, Spanish, 
Application of Mathematics to Com- 
merce, Elementary Organic Chemistry, 
and Elementary Physics, of the first 
year; Honour Elementary Economics 
of the Second year. Second year 
English, any two modern languages of 
the Second year, with exercises in 
commercial literature; Economics, () 
Economic Geography, Economic His- 
tory, (&) Banking, Public Finance, (c) 
Transportation, Commercial' Law. In 
the First year Drawing may be taken 
as an optional subject; and in the 
Second year a choice is given of one 
of the following subjects: Geology or 
Mineralogy of the Second year, 
Applied Chemistry, History and 
Principles of Architecture, Electricity 
with laboratory work, or Mechanical 
Drawing. 

The Harmonic Club of the Univer- 
sity of Toronto now includes all the 
musical organizations of the male 
students, formerly known as the Glee 
Club and the Banjo and Guitar Club. 
At present the included organizations 
are the Glee Club, the Banjo, Mandolin 
and Guitar Club, and the recently 
formed Orchestra. Their prospects for 
the present year are very bright. The 
Glee Club has been fortunate in 
securing the leadership of Mr. A. T. 
Cringan, Mus. Bac. At the first prac- 
tice between thirty and forty men 
were present, and all evinced an ex- 
ceptionally hearty interest in the work 
of the club. The music taken up will 
consist largely of selections from the 
excellent collection in the new Uni- 
versity of Toronto Song Book. It is 
the purpose of the club to arrange for 
a tour before Christmas. The orchestra 
is under the leadership of Mr. F. 



Andersen, a gentleman who has had 
a great deal of experience in conduct- 
ing. At the first practice there were 
twelve players, and the orchestra 
would be nicely balanced if one or two 
'cello players were added. It is ex- 
pected that there will be eighteen 
members in the orchestra. The out- 
come of this new musical venture will 
be watched with interest, as it is the 
first of its kind in the history of the 
University. The Banjo, Mandolin and 
Guitar Club will have the advantage 
of the leadership of Mr. George Smed- 
ley, and the Club hopes to have a 
successful season, as has been its ex- 
perience for the past four years. 
Mr. C. Lesslie Wilson, '02 is President, 
and Mr. A. H. Abbott, B.A., Honorary 
President of the Harmonic Club. 

An important meeting took place in 
the rooms of The Canadian Manufac- 
turers' Association on the 23rd inst., 
for the purpose of forming a 
Canadian branch of the Society of 
Chemical Industry. This society has 
an active membership of over 3,500 in 
Great Britain, the United States, and 
Canada. Its membership is composed 
largely of practical chemists, engaged 
in active manufacturing, although a 
considerable number of members of 
the teaching staff of the various 
colleges are also members. It has a 
number of branches in different manu- 
facturing centres, at which papers are 
read and subjects of chemical in- 
terest discussed, these papers and 
important points of discussion being 
afterwards reproduced in the monthly 
journal issued by the Society. The 
question of forming a Canadian branch 
was first brought into prominence by 
Prof. Lang, of the University of 
Toronto, at a dinner given by The 
Canadian Manufacturers' Association, 
and his efforts, together with that of 
Mr. H. Van der Linde of The Gutta 
Percha & Rubber Company, Toronto, 
have largely been responsible for the 
meeting at which it was resolved to 
form a Canadian section, and at 
which a sufficient number of members 
was obtained to commence work 
immediately. The society will prove 
of great benefit in bringing together 
those who are interested in chemistry, 
both from an academic standpoint and 
from that of the practical manu- 
facturer. 



UNIVERSITY OF TORONTO MONTHLY 



The Royal College of Dental Sur- 
geons opened on Oct. 1st. The Register 
for the Session closed Oct. 5th, with 
184 students registered, an increase 
over last year of 37, principally in the 
senior year. The students of this 
affiliated college are taking a larger 
part in matters in which the whole 
student body is interested. Almost the 
whole class joined in the students' 
welcome to the royal party. At the 
recent inter-collegiate games there 
were said to be present more students 
from the dental college than from any 
of the other colleges. 

An entirely new feature in the life 
of the undergraduate is the University 
of Toronto Union. The need of such 
an organization had been felt for some 
time; but it was not until last fall 
that the matter took definite shape. In 
December a meeting of the students 
was called, at which speeches were 
delivered by President Loudon, Dr. 
Reeve, Hon. S. H. Blake, Mr. Goldwin 
Smith, Rev. Prof. Cody, Mr. J. W. 
Flavelle, and Mr. T. A. Russell, en- 
dorsing the scheme. The meeting de- 
cided to go on with the formation of 
a Union, the object of which should 
be to afford a social meeting place for 
the members of the staffs, graduates, 
and undergraduates of the various 
federated and affiliated colleges com- 
posing the University of Toronto. Sub- 
scription lists were circulated, and 
the sum of three thousand, four hun- 
dred dollars realized, which, was spent 
in renovating and fitting up the third 
house of Residence as a Union. On 
the ground floor there is a reception 
room, a cloak room, and secretary's 
office; on the first floor a reading 
room, a writing room, and a smoking 
room; on the second floor a billiard 
room and two checker and chess 
rooms. Saturday evening has been 
chosen as Union night. Periodical 
receptions will be held from time 
to time during the winter. The 
Union is the home of the Univer- 
sity Of Toronto Chess Club, and the 
Intercollege Club. College Topics has 
been made the official organ of the 
Union. Up to the present the member- 
ship this year numbers about 300 
ordinary *and seventy-five life mem- 
bers. The prospects of success are the 
brightest. 



The University of Toronto Faculty 
Union is a new departure in university 
affairs. A social organization has been 
formed among the members of the 
various faculties of the University, 
and a number of rooms in the Dean's 
House have been secured for its use. 
Reading, dining and other rooms 
have been comfortably fitted up, and 
the common meeting ground thus 
afforded the staffs of the different 
faculties is proving a valuable factor 
in promoting friendship among the 
members of the University. 

When it was found necessary to 
close the Residence, where lodging 
accommodation had been provided for, 
at the best, some forty students only, 
it was felt that the Dining-Hall with 
its pantries and kitchen, which had 
been designed by the architect of the 
University on a liberal scale, should 
be turned to account. In October of 
last year the Dining-Hall was opened 
as a restaurant for the use of 
graduates and students, under the 
management of a committee composed 
of President Loudon, Dr. Reeve, 
Professors Ramsay Wright, Hutton, 
Squair, Fletcher, Dr. Wickett, Mr. J. 
R. Bell and Dr. J. C. McLennan. The 
first year was highly successful, over 
one hundred students taking their 
meals daily in the Hall, and a large 
number coming in for luncheon. The 
committee were able to report that 
the year had been a success finan- 
cially, as the books were closed with 
a small balance to the credit of the 
committee. On the first of October 
the Dining-Hall was reopened for the 
present year, and so far has met with 
the hearty support of the students, 
who appreciate it, not only as a means 
of cheaply supplying their wants in 
the immediate neighbourhood of their 
classes, but also as a centre for the 
development of that college spirit and 
enthusiasm, which is so necessary to 
the success of a great institution. 

Athletics. 

There is more interest taken in 
athletics at the University of Toronto 
than ever before. To realize this one 
need only pay a visit to the campus 
any afternoon about half-past four or 
five o'clock, where will be found 
sixty or seventy athletes, playing 



TORONTONENSIA 



25 



rugby or association football or 
training for the track events. Never 
before has tnere been such a large 
number of Varsity men in training 
at the same time. 

Rugby football is pre-eminent 
among autumn sports, and at present 
the omens are favourable to a success- 
ful season. Although one can speak 
with little certainty so early in the 
season still the form already exhibited 
by the team justifies the belief that 
the University of Toronto will once 
more gain the coveted distinction of 
the Intercollegiate Championship. 
They have decisively beaten McGill, 
and followed this with a severe defeat 
administered to Queen's at Kingston. 
The reverse suffered at the hands of 
the Argonauts has resulted in a re- 
arrangement of the team which has 
materially strengthened it. The wing 
line is strong, probably stronger than 
it has been for years, and the back 
division also compares very favourably 
with its predecessors. The scrimmage 
at present is the weak spot, but one or 
two changes which are being made will 
probably improve it considerably. The 
feature of the team's play so far has 
been the tackling which has been 
splendid. The second team is in- 
finitely stronger than it was last year, 
and it will be a great disappointment 
if they do not secure, the Intermediate 
Championship. It cannot be denied 
that it was a sadly crippled team 
which lost the final game to Queens II. 
last year, and unless the latter team 
has improved wonderfully since then 
they will certainly be the losers. 

The Varsity III. team were beaten 
by Toronto II. in the first round of the 
Junior O. R. F. U. series. It is a 
question whether the better team won, 
and moreover a suspicion that some 
of the Toronto players are over the age 
limit has caused a protest to be 
entered by the college team. 

Association football is very popular 
this season. In the senior series for the 
Faculty Cup there are seven teams, 
and in the intermediate series ten. 
There is a match almost every day on 
the campus, and already some very fine 
exhibitions of this interesting game 
have been given. The senior series 
will end on Nov. 22nd, while the last 
intermediate game is scheduled for 
Nov. 18th. 



Up to the present year the University 
of Toronto had not been very success- 
ful in track athletics, and McGill has 
captured nearly all the events in the 
annual inter-college meets. A different 
state of affairs prevails, however, this 
year. At the Varsity meet this year 
the entry list was larger than ever be- 
fore, and although the weather was 
very unfavourable the competitors 
acquitted themselves very creditably. 
A new record was established in the 
pole-vault, Haydon, of McMaster, and 
Dalgleish, of Victoria and formerly of 
McGill, boih beating the old record 
by four inches, and tying for first 
place. The Ontario Agricultural 
College sent down four representatives, 
one of whom, Hallman, won the mile; 
while the School of Science was repre- 
sented by Worthington, a splendid all 
round athlete, who won the champion- 
ship. 



Personals. 

Every alumnus of the University of Toronto is in 
vited to pend to the Editor items of interest for 
insertion iu this deportment. News of a personal 
nature about any alumnus will be gladly received. 

E. G. Robb, B.A. '99, M.A. '00, is in 
Cascade, B.C. 

H. W. Brown, B.A. '94, is teaching 
in Seaforth, Ont. 

Miss M. E. Hunter, B.A. '98, has 
gone to New York. 

Miss M. M. Hawkins, B.A. '98, is 
teaching at Weston, Ont. 

E. H. Cooper, B.A. '00, is in Montreal 
in the employ of the McLean Publish- 
ing Company. 

R. G. Martin, B.A. '94, M.A. '98, B.D. 
(Vic.), is a Methodist minister at Mel- 
fort, Sask., N. W. T. 

We understand that Miss H. V. 
Rumball, B.A. '98, has taken up 
literary work in New York city. 

Miss M. Landon Wright, B.A. '00, 
has been appointed teacher of Classics 
in St. Margaret's College, Toronto. 

S. J. Saunders, B.A. '88, M.A. '94, 
Ph. D. '98 (Johns Hopkins), is in- 
structor in Physics in Hamilton 
College, Clinton, N.Y. 

Miss L. R. Laird, B.A. '96, has re- 
ceived an appointment in the Depart- 
ment of Physics at Mount Holyoke 
College, South Hadley, Mass. 

W. H. Metzler, B.A. '88, Ph. D. '92 
(Clark.), is professor of Mathematics 
and head of the department,' In 
Syracuse University, Syracuse, N.Y. 



UNIVERSITY OF TORONTO MONTHLY 



Rev. J. A. Mustard, B.A. '89, who 
has been a Presbyterian minister at 
Erie, Colorado, for some time has 
removed to Las Cruces, New Mexico. 
G. C. F. Pringle, B.A. '98, is a Pres- 
byterian missionary at Gold Bottom, 
Yukon Territory. Gold Bottom is the 
most northerly station yet established. 
J. R. Street, B.A. '84, M.A. '88 (Vie,), 
Ph.D. '98 (Clark.), is entering on his 
second year's work as professor of 
Pedagogy in Syracuse University, 
Syracuse, N.Y. 

J. Cleland Hamilton, LL.B. '66, read 
a paper on " The Pleiades in the 
Classics and Mythology," at the first 
meeting for this season of the Toronto 
Astronomical Society. 

Miss M. C. St. George Yarwood, B.A. 
'00, has been appointed teacher of 
English and History in Waterman 
Hall, Sycamore, 111., the Chicago 
Diocesan School for girls. 

G. F. N. Atkinson, B.A. '01; D. J. 
Davidson, B.A. '01; G. Eadie, B.A. '01; 
Geo. Hackney, B.A. '01; A. Kerr, B.A. 
'01; W. M. McLaren, B.A. '01; and J. 
A. Miller, B.A. '01, have entered Knox 
College. 

Robert K. Duncan, B.A. '92, instruc- 
tor in Physics and Chemistry, Hill 
School, Pottstown, Pa., has been elected 
nrofessor of Chemistry in the Wash- 
ington and Jefferson College, Rich- 
mond, Va. 

Rev. Dyson Hague, B.A. '80, M.A. 
'81, is resigning the professorship of 
Liturgies, Homiletics and Pastoral 
Theology in Wycliffe College, to be- 
come assistant rector of St. George's 
Church. Montreal. 

Frank C. Macdonald, B.A. '97, M.B. 
'00, who returned from South Africa a 
short time ago, is now practising in 
Midland. Dr. Macdonald is a brother 
of Rev. J. A. Macdonald, Toronto 
editor of the Westminster. 

We regret to chronicle the death of 
Dr. Rudolph Koenig, the celebrated 
Physicist, of Paris, France, which 
took place Oct. 2nd. Some reminis- 
cences of him will be contributed to 
next issue of the MONTHLY by Presi- 
dent Loudon. 

After spending a short time in 
journalism and the practice of law 
Rev. D. C. Hossack, B.A. (Vic.) '83, 
M.A. '86, LL.B. '88. who was pastor of 
the Dunn Avenue Presbyterian Church, 
Parkdale, Toronto, for several years,' 



has been inducted into the charge of 
the Deer Park, Ont., congregation. 

The Rev. Robert Cameron, B.A. '68, 
M.A. '69, D.D., who spent the past sum- 
mer in Muskoka, was for a number of 
years pastor of Park Baptist Church, 
Brantford, Ont., and then went to Den- 
ver, Colorado, as pastor of the First 
Baptist Church of that city. While there 
he founded Colorado Woman's College. 
. He is now pastor of Fourth Baptist 
Church, Providence, R.I., and editor 
of Watchword and Truth. 

The Western University, London, 
has appointed to its staff W. F. T. 
Tamblyn, B.A. '95, Ph. D., late of 
Harriston High School. He is a 
brilliant graduate of the University 
of Toronto, and a post-graduate of 
Columbia University. He will have 
charge of the History and English 
Department of the University. He is 
the eldest son of W. W. Tamblyn, 
B.A. '65, M.A. '66, of Bowmanville. 

George C. Sellery, B.A. '97, has 
received the degree of Doctor of 
Philosophy at the University of 
Chicago, summa cum laude, which is the 
first so granted from the department 
of history in that university. During 
his course at the University of To- 
ronto Dr. Sellery won several scholar- 
ships, and on graduation was appoint- 
ed Mackenzie fellow in Political 
Science. During the last three years 
he has held the appointment of 
fellow in history in the University of 
Chicago. Dr. Sellery has been appoint- 
ed instructor in history in the Univer- 
sity of Wisconsin. 



Marriages. 

Allison-Dawson In London, Eng- 
land, W. T. Allison, B.A. '99, to Miss A. 
J. C. Dawson, B.A. '98, M.A. '00. 

Anderson-Wilson At the residence 
of the bride's father, Sept. 3rd, by 
Rev. C. Fletcher, M.A., Exeter, Miss 
Margaret, second daughter of D. D. 
Wilson, Seaforth, Ont., was married to 
Geo. R. Anderson, B.A. '93, Toronto. 

Armstrong-Banwell At Windsor, 
Sept. 24th, Miss Figes, daughter of 
Augustus Banwell, to Rev. Egerton F. 
Armstrong, B.A. '98, pastor of Metho- 
dist Church, Tupperville, Ont. 

Buchanan-Black On the 19th Sept., 
at St. Catharines, by the Rev. George 
H. Smith, D.D., assisted by the Rev. J. 
H. Ratcliffe, Miss Edith M., daughter 



TORONTONENSIA 



of J. K. Black, to W. Buchanan, D.D.S., 
of St. Catharines. 

Corneille-Davison On September 
4th, 1901, in Toronto, by Rev. C. W. 
Brown, B.A., B.D., of Exeter, Ont, Miss 
Dora, daughter of the late Myers 
Davison, M.D., to Rev. C. G. Cor- 
neille, B.A. '97, B.D., of Maidstone, 
Ont. 

Cram-Conklin Gordon La Fayette 
Cram, B.A. '94, of Poughkeepsie, N.Y., 
was married June 19th in Pougkeepsie 
to Miss Elizabeth M. Conklin. 

Craw-Plewes At Nelson, B.C., on 
August 6th, by Rev. E. White, M.A., 
Miss Ethel Demeau Plewes, B.A. '99, 
late of Halifax Ladies' College, 
daughter of David Plewes, Toronto, to 
Rev. Robert Wilson Craw, B.A. '98, of 
Columbia, B,C. 

Dandy-ParKer. At Cayuga, Ont., 
July 17th, by the Rev. James Black, 
assisted by the Rev. James Brown, 
B.A., and by the Rev. J. D. Edgar, B.A., 
Miss Annie Bethune, daughter of the 
late Wm. Parker, Registrar of the 
County of Haldimand, to Wm. P. 
Dandy, B.A. '96, of Morrisburg, Ont. 

Garrow-Shepard On Sept. 5th, in St. 
George's Church, Goderich, Charles 
Garrow, B.A. '96, LL.B. '97, son of Hon. 
J. T. Garrow, to Miss Elizabeth Marion 
Shepard, of Goderich. . 

Gilroy-McKichan In Hamilton, July 
9th, Rev. W. E. Gilroy, B.A. '97, pas- 
tor of Broadview Avenue Congrega- 
tional Church, Toronto, was married to 
Miss Annie McKichan, daughter of J. 
R. McKichan, by Rev. J. K. Unsworth. 

Gourlay-Eastwood At Whitby, Ont., 
July 9th, by the Rev. James Broughall, 
curate of St. Stephen's Church, 
Toronto, Richard Gourlay, B.A. '86, 
was married to Miss Ida G. Eastwood, 
B.A. '88, second daughter of W. O. 
Eastwood, B.A. '49, M.D. '53, Whitby. 

Griffith-Rogers On May 7th, 1901, at 
Holy Trinity Cathedral, Shanghai, by 
Rev. H. C. Hodges, M.A., Rev. John 
Griffith, B.A. '95, of the Canadian 
Presbyterian Mission, Honan, China, 
to Miss Marguerite A., daughter of 
Thomas Rogers, Spadina Avenue, 
Toronto. 

Horne-Ecclestone At Toronto, on 
September 26th, by the Rev. W. A. J. 
Martin, of Brantford, assisted by the 
Rev. H. R. Home, of Elora, brother of 
the groom. Rev. Edward B. Home, 
B.A. '93, M.A. '95, of Watford, to Miss 



Abbie, daughter of the late W. T. 
Ecclestone, of Hamilton, Ont. 

Hunt-Harmer On July 31st, by the 
Rev. W. H. Hincks, assisted by Rev. 
Wm. Clark, D.D., Theodore Hunt, B.A. 
'95, of Winnipeg, to Miss Edith Clara 
Harmer, eldest daughter of Robert 
Harmer, of Toronto. 

Kingstone - Parmenter At St. 
Thomas' Church, Toronto, 28th 
September, by the Ven. Archdeacon 
Worrell, assisted by the Rev. F. G. 
Plummer, Arthur Courtney Kingstone, 
B.A. '96, of St. Catharines, barrister- 
at-law, son of F. W. Kingstone, of 
Toronto, barrister-at-law, to Miss 
Marion de Prendergast, daughter of the 
late Charles L. Parmenter. 

Langley-Porter On July 17th, at the 
home of G. D. Porter, M.B. '94, To- 
ronto, by the Rev. W. H; Porter, father 
of the bride, Miss C. F. Porter, to 
Prof. E. F. Langley, B.A. '94, of Dart- 
mouth College, New Hampshire. 

Macdonald-Fleming On Oct. 23rd, 
at Markham, Ont, by the Rev. E. L. 
Pidgeon, Miss M. I. Fleming, B.A. '00, 
to J. A. Macdonald, M.B. '00. 

MacLaren-Maconchy At Barrie Ont., 
on Sept. llth, by Rev. D. D. McLeod, 
D.D., assisted by Rev. Alex. MacLaren, 
of Hamilton, father of the groom, 
Georgina Maconcny, daughter of the 
late Thomas Maconchy, of Gilford, 
Ont., to W. Douglas MacLaren, D.D.S., 
of Barrie. 

MacNichol - Clark At Harriston, 
Ont., on October 2nd, 1901, by the Rev. 
T. D. McCulloch, B.A., Miss M. L. A. 
MacNichol, eldest daughter of Wm. 
MacNichol, to Herbert A. Clark, B.A. 
'95, of Toronto, barrister-at-law. 

MacVannell-Lindsay At St. Mary's, 
Ont, on June 27th, 1901, by Rev. J. W. 
Henderson, John A. MacVanneu, B.A. 
'93, Ph.D., lecturer in Columbia Uni- 
versity, New York, to Miss Adeline 
Lindsay, B.A. '93. 

McCrea-O'Neil On July 17th, by the 
Rev. R. J. Ross, of Rutherford, Ont, 
assisted by the Rev. H. J. Pritchard, 
of Brantford, Ont., Rev. James McCrea, 
B.A. '97, pastor of the Presbyterian 
Church. Minto, Man., to Miss Susan, 
eldest daughter of the late Wm. O'Neil 
of Dawn, Ont. 

McDougall-Kenney In Ottawa, July 
9th, J. Lome McDougall, B.A. '93, 
barrister, son of the Auditor-General, 
J. Lome McDougall, B.A. '59, M.A. '82, 



28 



VMVEESITY OF TORONTO MONTHLY 



was married to Miss Gertrude Kenney, 
B.A. '93, daughter of Thos. Kenney, 
manager of the W. C. Edwards Co. 

Mitchel-Armour At St. Michael's 
Church, Cobourg, October 2nd, by the 
Rev. Father Murray, P.P., Marie 
Louise, daughter of the late Capt. 0. 
M. Mitchel, U.S.A., and stepdaughter 
of James Hoban, Esq., Washington, 
B.C., to Donald John Armour, B.A. '91, 
M.B. '94, F.R.C.S., of London, Eng- 
land, son of the Hon. the Chief 
Justice of Ontario. 

Mitchell-Morris At Blenheim, Ont., 
on August 28th, Miss Hester, daughter 
of J. K. Morris, to D. McKinley 
Mitchell, D.D.S., of Fort William. 

Mitchell-Stanton On August 29th, 
at St. Catharines, Ont., by the Rev. G. 
A. Mitchell, B.A., Waterloo, father of 
the groom, Miss Myra Ethlyn, only 
daughter of John H. Stanton, to 
Charles Hamilton Mitchell, B.A. Sc., 
C.E., of Niagara Falls, Ont. 

Norman-HealDaniel Norman, B.A. 
'96, Methodist missionary in Japan, 
was married on July 9th, to Miss 
Catharine Heal, B.A. '96. 

Odell-Dewar J. W. Odell, B.A. '92, 
mathematical master in the Cobourg, 
Ont., Collegiate Institute, was married, 
in July, to Miss Jessie M. Dewar, in 
Cobourg at the home of Albert Odell, 
Inspector of Public Schools in North- 
umberland County. 

O'Higgins - Williams Harvey J. 
O'Higgins of the class of '98, of 
New York, formerly of Toronto, 
was married in Grace Church, 
New York, July 12th, 1901, to Miss 
Anna Goff Williams, of the class of 
'99, daughter of J. S. Williams, 
Toronto. 

Shotwell-Hawey J. T. Shotwell, 
B.A. '98, lecturer in Columbia Univer- 
sity, New York, was married to Miss 
Margaret Hawey, B.A. '97. 

Sissons-Kerr At Ottawa, September 
25th, by Rev. Thome Bailey, Henry J. 
F. Sissons, B.A. '94, of Fort Frances, 
Ont., barrister-at-law, to Miss Annie 
Constance Kerr, daughter of the late 
W. H. C. Kerr, barrister, of Toronto. 

Smale-Petch On September 25th, in 
the chapel of Victoria College, by the 
Rev. Prof. Reynar, and assisted by 
Rev. P. Addison, Miss Helen Maud 
Petch, daughter of the late Prof. J. 
Petch, of Victoria University, to 
Frederick J. Smale, B.A. '92, Ph.D., of 
Toronto. 



Stanbury - Eastwood At Whitby, 
Ont, on October 9th, by the Rev. A. 
H. Wright, Miss M. O. Eastwood, B.A. 
'97, youngest daughter of Dr. W. O. 
Eastwood, to J. G. S. Stanbury, B.A. 
'9,6, barrister, Exeter, Ont. 

Tasker-Mills In Hamilton, by the 
Rev. W. F. Wilson, Lawrence H. 
Tasker, B.A. '97, M.A. '98, principal of 
Almonte High School, to Miss Hattie 
B. Mills, B.A. '97, M.A. '99, of 
Hamilton. 

Watson-Ackerman On August llth, 
1901, at Medicine Hat, George Watson, 
Esq., of East End, Maple Creek, Assa., 
to Miss E. M. Ackerman, B.A. '96. 

Westman-Pugsley On Sept. 17th, in 
Toronto, S. H. Westman, M.B. '96, 
was married to Miss E. M. Pugsley of 
Toronto. 

White-Squire In Ilion, N.Y., August 
28th, by the Rev. M. G. Seymour, Miss 
Aidine, elder daughter of the Hon. 
Watson C. Squire, to Arthur Veitch 
White, S. P. S. '92, of London, Eng- 
land, eldest son of James White, Esq., 
of Woodstock, Ont. 

Williams-Galbraith At the residence 
of Dr. D. -Galbraith, Dresden, Ont, his 
daughter was married to J. P. F. 
Williams, M.B. '00, of Georgetown, 
Ont, by the Rev. Jos. Galloway, 
July 9th. 



Deaths. 

Brown Miss Jessie Bell Brown 
B.A. '97. 

H . J. Cosgrove, B.A. '84, of 
pneumonia, at his home in Chicago 

Francis At Gore Bay, on the 16th 
October, Wm. Totten Francis, B.A. '51, 
M.A. '58, M.B. '59, in the 68th year of 
his age. 

Hutcheson At Grace Hospital, To- 
ronto, July 14th, 1901, Beatrice Cross, 
B.A. '94, dearly beloved wife of John 
Hutcheson. 

James At Bowmanville, Ont., July 
31st, Wesley E. James, B.A. '94, 
professor in Manitoba College. 

McNaughton At Newcastle, Ont, 
Sept. 4th, John McNaughton, MD 
'76 (Vic.), aged 71 years. 

Thorn Suddenly, Sept. 14th, at 
Woodbridge, J. C. Thorn, M.B. '64 
M.D. '66, in his 64th year. 

Richardson Edward Richardson, L. 
D.S., formerly of Goderich, Ont in 
his forty-fourth year. 



THE CARSWELL COMPANY, LIMITED, PRINTERS. 




Pen and Ink Sketch by A. Dickaon Patterson, R.C.A. 

HENRY HOLMES CROFT, D.C.L. 

First Professor of Chemistry in the University of Toronto. 
Born, 1820; died, 1883. 



THE 

UNIVERSITY OF TORONTO MONTHLY 

VOL. II. NOVEMBER, 1901. No. 2. 

TABLE OF CONTENTS. 

PAGE PAGE 

Henry Holmes Croft, D.C.L. Bn The Political Science Club - - 47 

Professor Ellis - - - 29 Athletics - - 48 

Symposium : The New Science Build- Hallowe'en 49 

ing - - 32 Women's Residence - - - 49 

Shelley and Keats as Nature Poets. Campus and Corridor - - -'50 

By Professor Ed<iar - 36 Graduates of the School of Practi- 

Rudolph Koenig. />'// President cal Science 51 

London - 41 Graduates in Medicine - 51 

Announcement 45 Graduates in Arts 52 

Torontonensia : Faculty Changes - - . 54 

Library Endowment -'6 Personal - 56 

The Yale Celebration 47 Marriages 58 



ILHNEY HOLMES CEOFT, D.C.L. 

BY W. HODGSON ELLIS, M.A., M.B. 

"VTOT far from the south- west corner of the University build- 
8 *** ing there is a tree which may serve as a fitting emblem of 
the University itself. The gardener who planted it meant that 
it should be a European maple, a shoot of which he had grafted 
on a vigorous stock of the native tree. For the first year all 
the leaves were exotic. Then a bud developed from the stem 
just below the graft; and a branch bearing the leaves of the 
native species made its appearance. This branch throve exceed- 
ingly. It overtook and passed the older branches; and now the 
tree is a Canadian maple, with one small foreign branch. 

The graft may stand for King's College; the tree for the 
University of Toronto. 

The founders of King's College thought to plant, in the 
middle of the nineteenth century, and on the soil of Upper 
Canada, a mediaeval university; but soil and season were alike 
adverse. For twenty years the puny sapling struggled against 
the storms of opposition, and the frosts of indifference, until, 
at last, the strong vitality of the stock was able to develop itself 
in its own way, and after its own fashion, and it stood, as it 
stands to-day, with roots deep and branches wide velut nrlwr 

(VVO. 



I 
30 rXlYEKSITY OF TORONTO MONTHLY 

The struggle was a bitter one both inside and outside the 
college. 

Inside, the leader of the conservative party was the first Presi- 
dent, u that Honourable and Right Reverend Bishop, whose 
memory is very precious" to all those who love strength and 
courage and loyalty whether to friend or foe. In the van of 
reform, and, at first, almost if not quite alone among his col- 
leagues, w r as Henry Holmes Croft. 

Professor Croft was born in 1820. His father was Deputy- 
Pay master General of Ordnance; and he himself began life as a 
clerk in the Ordnance Department. As a boy at school and 
as an occasional student at University College, London, he had 
acquired a taste for chemistry; and on the advice of Faraday, 
who was then lecturer on chemistry in the Royal Military Aca- 
demy at Woolwich, he abandoned his prospects in the civil 
service and went to Berlin to study chemistry under Mitscher- 
lich, the discoverer of the law of isomorphism. This remark- 
able man had been in his youth an ardent student of Oriental 
philology and history and. was in Paris, expecting an appoint- 
ment on an embassy which. Napoleon was about to send to 
Persia, when the disasters of 1814 put an end to his hopes. 
Nothing daunted, he determined to study medicine in order to 
go to the East as a physician, and to that end became a student 
at Goettingeii. Here chemistry claimed him as her own 3 
although not until he had written and published a treatise on 
Oriental History. He worked for two years in the laboratory of 
Berzelius, and at his recommendation was appointed to succeed 
Klaproth in the chair of chemistry at Berlin. Croft brought 
from Faraday a letter of introduction to Mitscherlich, and 
Mitscherlich's influence on his character and pursuits was very 
marked. He was induced to add to the study of chemistry a 
general course in the Natural Sciences. Botany and Ento- 
mology and, in fact, all branches of "Natural History" had 
throughout his life a great charm for Croft, as he was by taste 
and inclination rather a naturalist than a philosopher. He was 
a sound chemist, thoroughly grounded in the principles of the 
science and widely read in its literature. But it was in the 
practice of analytical chemistry, in the search for new sub- 
stances and in the investigation of their properties and reactions, 
rather than in the abstractions of Chemical theory that he found 
his most congenial employment. 

In December, 1842, he was appointed to the chair of Chemis- 
try at Toronto. At his inaugural lecture, the Bishop of Toronto, 
as President of the College, was sitting, in his episcopal robes, 



HENEY HOLMES CROFT, D.C.L 31 

immediately in front of the lecturer. Croft, in his usual brilliant 
style, was demonstrating the ignition of potassium in contact with 
water. By the burlesque of chance, a fragment of the burning 
metal splashed upon the Bishop's lawn sleeve and set it on fire 
an incident too typical of what were shortly to be the relations 
"between the President and the Professor, to be easily forgotten. 

Into the struggle then raging, which resulted in 1849, in the 
complete emancipation of the University from denominational 
control, Croft threw himself heart and soul as a fearless and 
outspoken champion of reform. When the new University of 
Toronto was constituted he received the honorary degree of 
D.C.L. and took his seat in the Senate as first Vice-Chancellor. 

The years that followed were years of earnest work and 
increasing usefulness. He was one of the founders of the 
Canadian Institute of which he was twice elected president. 
The Journal of the Institute contains several papers written by 
him. The titles of some of them are " !N"ew Salts of Cadmium/ 7 
"A Hydrate of Hydrosulphuric Acid,' 7 "Report on Copper 
Instruments found near Brockville," on "Oxalate of Manganese" 
and on "Oxalate of Iron." 

Perhaps his most important work was on the double salts of 
cadmium. His first paper on this subject was read before the 
Chemical Society of London in 1842; and after he had removed, 
to Toronto he continued the study of the subject with marked 
success. 

In 1861 the Trent affair gave rise to the formation, all over 
Canada, of corps of volunteer militia, and in this movement 
Professor Croft took an active part. As captain of the Uni- 
versity Rifles he became personally known to hundreds with 
whom he would otherwise have had but slight dealings; and 
every recruit became a friend. Singularly unsoldierly in appear- 
ance, with spectacles and lone; hair and beard that were the dis- 
pair of the adjutant, he was nevertheless a first rate officer. He 
had the happy 'ift of making his men eager to do his bidding, 
and the company was never more efficient or more popular than 
under his captaincy. 

To the general public, he was perhaps best known as an expert 
in forensic chemistry. In this branch of his profession he was 
unsurpassed. His clear intelligence, his wide knowledge, his 
careful attention to details, and his absolute devotion to truth, 
were shewn equally in the laboratory and in the witness box. 

He inspired, in those students who were privileged to work 
with him, not only respect for the master and enthusiasm for 
the work, but also and chiefly, love for the man. He was a 



' 
rXIYKh'SITY OF TOEOXTO MONTHLY 

delight fill companion, steeped with the love of nature, full 
of dry humour, thinking- strongly and speaking fearlessly, but 
brim n ling over with, kindness. 

He was a constant and conscientious worker, and he delighted 
in his work; but no one enjoyed better an occasional holiday, 
which generally took the shape of a long ramble in search of 
plants or insects. He was also very fond of gardening. His 
garden was filled with curious and rare plants. There wild 
flowers, the roots of which had been brought back in triumph 
after a long tramp to some distant locality, flourished with a 
luxuriance unknown in their native wilds. 

There, too, on a warm Sunday afternoon he would sit and 
smoke his great meerschaum, and welcome his friends, enter- 
taining them with a world of quaint fancy and genial anecdote. 
He was a lover of music, and was himself a performer of no 
mean order, although in the later years of his life lie gave up 
playing. 

He married a daughter of Captain Alexander Shaw, whose 
father, Major-General the Honourable Aeneas Shaw, was Adju- 
tant-General of Canadian Militia during the war of 1812. They 
had a number of children,, to all of whom he was tenderly 
attached. The death of several of these children in rapid suc- 
cession was a terrible blow to him, and one from which he never 
recovered. His health was so much shattered that the strain 
of teaching became too severe for his strength, and the result was 
a complete break down, which compelled his retirement from 
the University in 1879. Shortly afterwards he removed with 
his family to Texas, and there at Las Hermanitas, near San 
Diego, he died on March 1st, 1883. 

A Protestant Episcopal Church, completed a year ago last 
summer, has been built in San Diego by his children in honour 
of his memory and that of their mother. 

NOTE. For valuable information respecting the early life of Professor Croft 
I am indebted to an interesting sketch by Mr. John King, M. A., published in 
Varsity, vol. 1, pages 87 and 122. 



SYMPOSIUM: THE XEAV SCIENCE BUILDING. 

PRESIDENT LOUDON'S VIEWS. 

MY views with regard to the site and character of the new 
Science building may be briefly summed up as follows: 
The building, it may be explained, is intended for the Depart- 
partments of Mineralogy, Geology, Metallurgy, and Applied 



THE KEW SCTEXCE BUILDIXG 33 

Chemistry, and will thus be used in common by Professors in 
the Faculties of Arts and Applied Science. The only land 
available as a site is situated on College Street, opposite the 
head of McCaul Street, containing about 140,000 square feet. 

The first question to be settled is: Shall the building monopo- 
lize the whole of this lot, with the front facing south, or shall 
it be restricted to the western half, with the front facing west? 
My reasons for favouring the latter plan are based on the follow- 
ing considerations: 

First. There are various other important buildings projected 
for Avhich the land in question might furnish very appropriate 
sites, and it would seem the part of wisdom to provide for one 
or more of these, if the requirements of the Science building 
can, at the same time, be fully met. Amongst these projects 
may be mentioned a Convocation Hall and a Medical School; 
whilst an Art Museum and a Public Reference Library have 
been suggested as very appropriate institutions for such a site. 
The fact that the Science building can be amply accommodated 
on the west half of the block would seem to me sufficient to 
settle the question. If any additional reason for adopting this 
latter plan were needed it is to be found in the fact that the 
proposed building would then front on a wide street, which will 
ultimately be the chief avenue to the main university building. 

As to the building itself, I am, of course, an advocate, in the 
first place, of planning the interior solely with a view to meeting 
the requirements of the Departments concerned. Externally 
the building can and should be made an ornament. With the 
main university building visible from the foot of the new 
avenue,, it would be unfortunate if the Science building were 
not worthy of such a splendid site. It can only be so, in my 
opinion, if its front and ends are faced with grey stone, har- 
monizing with the Main Building. 

PRESIDENT MILLS' VIEWS. 

ALL classes of people throughout the Province were gratified 
when the Government, supported by both sides of the 
House, finally decided last spring to erect a suitable building 
for instruction and practical training in the important subjects 
of Geology and Mineralogy in our Provincial University. 

Our young country, with its vast and varied mineral resources, 
has been calling loudly, and is now calling, for able, well 
equipped, and thoroughly reliable geologists, mineralogists, and 
mining engineers, not men who have taken a few lectures 
on geology and mineralogy, but men who have read and studied 




34 UNIVERSITY OF TORONTO MONTHLY 

widely and have had the broadest and most thorough practical 
training in the laboratory, the field, and the mine. 

On the farms and elsewhere in this Province are to be found 
in abundance the raw materials for the production of such 
engineers as we need, any number of young men, with the 
requisite brains and physical strength, as good as can be found 
anywhere in the world; but, mirabile dictu, this Province has 
not yet provided the means necessary to convert these raw 
materials into the desired form, to make competent miners 
and engineers of our Canadian boys, however able and ambi- 
tious they may be. This strikes one as very strange, in a country 
with oil, salt^ natural gas, gold, silver, iron, copper, lead, nickel, 
sulphur, phosphorous, plumbago, asbestos, corundum, and what 
not? beneath its feet. 

The University of Toronto, grand institution that it is, is 
noted all over this Continent and elsewhere for the thorough- 
ness of its training and the high standard of scholarship which 
it has maintained in the ordinary arts course. In Mathematics,. 
Classics, English, and Moderns,, it has sent forth specialists^ 
many of whom would be a credit to any university, but not 
many distinguished geologists, mineralogists, or mining engi- 
neers. How could it, with a single professor and the paltry 
equipment it has had, and still has. 

We congratulate the Government and the Legislature on 
having at last waked up to something like a proper sense of 
their duty in regard to this very important department of our 
provincial system of education; and we sincerely hope that there 
may be no delay in the erection and thorough equipment of 
the proposed new building for this department We are waiting 
the Province is waiting and expecting to see the new build- 
ing up and ready for use at the earliest practicable date. 

We are hopeful on this point, and hopeful also that the man 
or men to be appointed to positions in this department will be 
men of commanding ability and undoubted scholarship, with a 
large share of energv, push, and enthusiasm. 

MR. JAMES BAIN'S VIEWS. 

IT may be within the recollection of some of the graduates 
that the late Chancellor, Mr. Edward Blake, on the occasion 
of the opening of the south wing of the School of Practical 
Science some years ago, said that in the University building 
the students in Architecture had one of the finest examples, and, 
in the building in which thev pursued their studies, one of the 
worst. The scarcasm may have been rather severe, but the- 



THE NEW SCIENCE BUILDING 35- 

applause of his audience showed that this opinion met with gen- 
eral acceptance. 

The opportunity of trying again is seldom given to individuals,, 
and still less frequently to governments,, but the unexpected 
has happened, and the authorities charged with the duty of pro- 
viding accommodation for the increasing numbers of students- 
are again obliged to build. Only one site is possible that 
lying between the present School and College Street, 

In the days when the earlier portion of the present building 
was erected, College Street was on the outskirts of the city, and 
almost any kind of building could be erected in the University 
grounds without public notice. But now the situation is- 
changed. v The growth of the city towards the north and north- 
west is rapidly making College Street the main thoroughfare 
between east and west. The majority of the fine residences 
are situated immediately to the north, converting the surround- 
ings of the Park into a West End, while the small Colleges are 
commencing to line the street itself. The selection of a <site 
in the Park for the Parliament Buildings, moreover, shows 
where the legislators expected the future centre of the city to 
be, and their erection in this locality has contributed much 
towards this movement. 

The site upon which the new Science building is to be placed 
is the only large space remaining unoccupied. It forms the 
approach to the University buildings, so that, whatever the 
appearance of the new structure, it will stand as a screen to the 
Main Building, shutting off the prospect from the passer-by, 
and itself occupying the best position in the city of Toronto. 
Every graduate who takes pleasure in the beauty of the Main 
Building, and every citizen of Toronto who is interested in 
increasing the attractiveness of the city, is deeply interested in 
the proposed plans. 

To erect another factory like the present School of Practical 
Science building would be an everlasting disgrace, while a build- 
ing worthy of the site would furnish an object-lesson in architec- 
tural beauty, which would influence the lives of the graduates, and 
leaven the artistic taste of the whole city. The government archi- 
tect, upon whom rests the responsibility of creating the design, 
must have his hands full of work of a different character, and can 
hardly give the care and thought requisite to develop such art 
elevation as is required. Is it practicable for him to call in the 
assistance of some one of our city architects, who, in recent work 
have shown that they are able, by simplicity and beauty of line r 
to render even the most prosaic structure a joy forever? Mr. 



;io rxivERsiTY or TORONTO MONTHLY 

] Irakrs deserve* every credit, but the occasion is so important, 
that professional etiquette might, for once, be laid aside and 
the opportunity made use of for obtaining- the best ideas of the 

1 



best men. 



SIIELLEiY AKD KEATS AS NATURE POETS. 

BY PBLHAM EDGAR, PH. D. 

Til K present paper was written as one of a series designed to 
illustrate Shelley's position as a poet of Nature, by way of 
contrast or comparison with the nature poetry of his most note- 
worthy contemporaries. The study as a whole therefore com- 
prises an investigation of the poetry of Shelley, Keats, Byron, 
Scott, Coleridge and Wordsworth. In this place it will be 
possible for me to present only an abstract of the results obtained 
from a comparison of the nature poetry of Keats and Shelley. 

Shelley afforded points of contrast with almost every variety 
of nature poetry in Keats and Coleridge, Scott and Byron, and 
when the sum of their contributions to nature poetry is added 
it will be found that he possessed besides many qualities of 
imaginative description of which their poetry bears no trace. 
However Scott, and in a lesser degree Byron, stand apart on the 
historical side of description; Keats had gained the mastery 
before he died of a mediaeval mysticism which was ever alien to 
Shelley's genius, and for the magic weirdness of Coleridge there 
is no counterpart in Shelley. Wordsworth of course posssesses 
many thoroughly individual qualities, which refuse to be brought 
into harmony, or almost at times into relation with the nature 
work of other poets, so characteristic is his touch. It is chiefly 
therefore in connection with Wordsworth as the most important 
of the group that I have developed Shelley's philosophical ideas 
on nature in its relation to human thought. 

And first with regard to Keats, whose nature poetry upon its 
philosophical side need concern us very briefly. No poet ever 
cherished higher ideals of his art, yet at the same time no poet 
has ever been more devoid of philosophical or didactic intention. 
Keats's method of regarding nature is frankly sensuous and 
pairan. Of spiritual significance in his marvellous descriptive 
pn-saors there is no trace. He finds in nature merely a treasure- 
house for beautiful forms and colours, and the beauty of nature 
Wfls for him like some mighty and irresistible harmony playing 
upon sensation, lulling it now into a luxurious narcotic pain,, 
itself delightful, or stimulating it in moments of occasional 



SIIKLLKY AXD KEATS 37 

ardour beyond the bounds of languorous repose. The deepest 
chords in Keats's poetry vibrate to sensuous rather than to intel- 
lectual emotion; and so tenacious are its purely physical quali- 
ties that the grosser sensations of taste and touch enter repeatedly 
into, and are an inseparable portion of his finer poetic effects. 
In the complete study these 'Statements are substantiated by 
quotation. They are borne out by' numerous passages that are 
familiar to you, as for example the well-known lines in the 
" Nightingale " beginning: 

" O for a draught of vintage that hath been 
Cooled a long age in the deep-delved earth, 
Tasting of Flora and the country green, etc." 

I have also culled other less familiar passages as the follow- 
ing from " Endymion " : 

" Now he is sitting by a shady spring. 
And elbow-deep with feverish fingering 
Stems the upbursting cold." 

Shelley's poetry on the other hand, more spiritual in its 
inspiration, is less penetrated by these lower physical sensations. 
He is rarely contented, with Keats, to luxuriate in pure feel- 
ing for its own sake; and whereas the culminating mood of the 
younger poet is one of meditative languour, Shelley's highest 
flights throb with the very intensity of their aspiration. He 
would clasp if he might the vanishing robe of beauty as it 
passes, or as in the " Ode to the West Wind," seek to share the 
very life, the motion, and the speed of nature. He never 
pauses long enough in his rapt pursuit of beauty to admit of 
the meditative brooding upon the luxury of pure sensation, 
which makes Keats's poetry like a fragrant honeycomb stored 
with richness in every cell. Shelley was moved by other springs- 
of sensation, and loved to take his pleasure on the wing, not 
hovering with suspended flight above the richest flowers, but 
speeding restlessly after some fugitive vision of loveliness that 
seemed to touch the earth and vanish. 

Therefore his descriptions do not satisfy us with that concrete 
completeness which we enjoy in Keats. His visions have a bor- 
rowed splendour from the reflected loveliness which earth's forms 
cannot contain, nor earth's language express. And if sometimes 
the passion of love inspired him to emotional utterances of a 
thoroughly human kind, as in the sixth canto of the " Laon and 
Cythna," and in certain passages of the " Epipsychidion," it is 
still and ever true that the higher beauty is for Shelley an intang- 
ible essence which the visible beauty of the world only faintly 



38 I XIVERSITY OF TORONTO MONTHLY 

shadows forth. This accounts for the phantasmagoric splendour 
of his dissolving landscapes, and in a still more significant 
fashion explains the unimpeded flow of imagery, whereby his 
imagination seeks to bridge the chasm between the seen and the 
unseen, between the visible and the moral world. 

The fertility, the scope, and the intrinsic beauty of Shelley's 
imagery have secured to him his assured rank among our Eng- 
lish poets. The range of his similes especially is no less remark- 
able than their intellectual significance. That critical view 
must be emphatically contested which regards them as the mere 
undisciplined outpourings of a youthful mind which moved with 
wonder amid a world of strange and beautifu] appearances. 
Added years might have brought with, them a more perfect 
artistic reserve. Indeed in " The Cenci " the paucity of imagery 
showed that he already could impose a restraint upon his natural 
profuseness when the subject seemed to demand it. But I still 
venture to doubt that the progress of his undramatic poetry 
would have been in the direction of artistic restraint. His last 
great fragment, " The Triumph of Life," is one continuous vein 
of imagery, a veritable network of interwoven similes. We are 
forced therefore to the conclusion that these similes subserve 
more than a mere artistic purpose. Their value as elements of 
beauty in Shelley's poetry, and as revealing his delicate powers 
of observation cannot be here discussed. We must also recog- 
nize in them perhaps a higher and mystical value. They are not 
idle fancies or careless improvisations; but are part of a noble- 
effort to kindle our imaginations to the realisation of a beauty 
that lies deeper than the mere revelation of outward form. Their 
significance is therefore more than one of mere aesthetic value; 
it is also moral and intellectual. 

Keats, endowed with a less mystical insight into the affinities 
of the human and natural world, which stimulated Shelley's 
mind to such activity, seemed to attach a slenderer value to 
simile and metaphor as a medium of poetic expression. It is 
nevertheless his increased power of imagery which marks the 
wonderful advance in his career. If you examine the " Endy- 
mion " for example, you will find that out of the mere score 
of similes which the poem contains there is only one (the cele- 
brated wave simile in the second book) of more than average 
poetic power; ^indeed, they almost all are slight and trivial in 
character. Still the poem amid all its inequalities abounds in 
admirable description, which leads us to the conclusion at which 
[ wished ^ to arrive, namely, that Keats was a master of pure 
unfigurative description, in part from his ability to reproduce- 



SHELLEY AND KEATS 



39 



the form and colour and physical aspect of things as they actu- 
ally exist to sense perception, but in part also because he lacked 
the mystical insight of Shelley, and was not haunted as Shelley 
was, by the desire to " express the inexpressible/' nor to attain 
the unattainable. 

I have said however that the figurative element did by degrees 
enter more markedly into the poetry of Keats, with an accom- 
panying artistic gain which is not to be disputed. He never 
attained to anything approaching the range and variety of 
Shelley, for even in maturity his similes are almost confined to 
flower imagery. Yet he did awake at last to the artistic value 
of the siniile, and nothing more forcibly attests the actual poetic 
capacity of Keats than his final mastery of a form orginally alien 
to his genius, ^o simile in Shelley is perhaps so finely wrought 
and artistically restrained as the famous passage in the opening 
pages of "Hyperion." Thea has just concluded her solemn 
words to Saturn. 

"As when, upon a tranced summer night, 
Those green-robed senators of mighty woods, 
Tall oaks, branch-charmed by the earnest stars, 
Dream, and so dream all night without a stir, 
Save from one gradual solitary gust 
Which comes upon the silence, and dies off, 
As if the ebbing air had but one wave ; 
So came these words and went." 

As colourists Shelley and Keats are pre-eminent among the 
early century poets, and since their careers were closed no poet 
has appeared, save Tennyson alone, who can justly be assigned a 
place beside them in this artistic field. 

The critical opinion is frequently expressed that Keats here 
surpasses Shelley if not in volume and variety, still in strength 
and purity of colour. The assertion merits examination, and 
if it cannot be supported by a consistent exposition of the facts, 
we may abandon it without prejudice to the undiminished reputa- 
tion of Keats. And truly when we come to a consideration of 
details there is no longer room for hesitancy or doubt. 

Let us first enquire what passages there are in all the range 
of Keats's poetry where the colour element is supreme. They 
are few indeed. The introduction of colour in the description 
of fish (Endymion II. 106f) is interesting only, without being 
especially fine. The subtleness of the description lies in the 
two-line study of the subdued light which slants through the 
water to the fountain-bed. Passing consecutively through the 
poems no other colour effect is reached before the description of 




40 IMVKKSiTY UK TORONTO MONTHLY 

the flowers which overhang Adonis's couch. But here their is 
positively no approach to the rich glow of colour which we find 
in Shelley's flower studies. The first part of the "Senshlvo 
J'laiit -. " contains several that are too well known to mention; 
but one of Shelley's less familiar poems " The Question" is more 
intense still, and richer in its colour effects. 

There are four passages in Keats which are especially remark- 
able for intensity of colour. These describe the blazing light 
which flashes through Neptune's palace beneath the sea (Einlij- 
mion III.); the portentous rays with which Hyperion in his 
wrath smites the world before the real dawn; and the t dazzling 
appearance of Lamia while yet in her serpent shape, and during 
her transformation. 

All these passages are a distinct gain to English poetry; but 
where Keats produces one, Shelley produces twenty of equal 
intensity and truth. 

There remains the celebrated description of Madeline's cham- 
ber in the " Eve of St. Agnes.' 7 Xothing that I know in Shelley 
excels this in warmth and purity of colour. 

If we except the mere touches of colour scattered through the 
poems I have already in this brief reference to definite passages 
exhausted Keats's claims, and lofty ones they are, to take rank 
as a colourist in English poetry. But Shelley's feeling for colour 
was so much broader and so much keener, that we might admire 
almost innumerable passages in his poetry, and be at a loss 
to think of anything which at all compared with them 
in the poetry of Keats. Where, we might ask, could we find 
in Keats those subtle studies of transmitted or reflected light 
which Shelley's poetry abounds in; where seek for the sky 
pictures of cloud and mist, at sunset or at dawn, which ,Shelley 
alone of English poets is bold enough to paint, and able alone 
of English poets faithfully to pourtray line by line and moment 
by moment in all the subtle processes of growth and change? 

Xo one can read Shelley's poetry with care, and remain indif- 
ferent to this great gift of his, which completes as it were his 
vision of the beauty of natural objects. Other poets, and Keats 
among them, have had a firmer gracp of the form and contour 
of outward things. Wordsworth possessed a more sober and a 
serener philosophy of life and nature, and as intimate a love of 
nature in a few of her many aspects. But Shelley, with suffi- 
cient sense of form, and with still a genuine though shadowy 
philosophy of beauty, possessed also in fuller measure than his 
contemporaries certain qualities of genius which give him a place 



SHELLEY AND KEATS 11 

apart among the English poets of nature. The breadth and inten- 
sity of his colour sense is shared by none of his contemporaries. 
Again he surpasses even Wordsworth in his insight into the 
unresting variety of nature's changes, an insight which 
yielded him his sunsets and his storms, and his unrivalled studies 
of mist and cloud. And finally not even Wordsworth shared 
in an equal measure Shelley's power at one time to conceive of 
nature in absolute objectivity apart from all contact with the 
human world, and again in another class of poems the power 
to read himself so passionately into the life of nature whether 
in her hours of repose, or in her moments of stormy power. 

This ability to dissociate humanity from nature, and view her 
in her isolation is revealed in the many beautiful nature myths 
scattered through the poems, and in such a poem as "The Cloud." 
The altogether contrarv power of abandoning himself to nature, 
and of sharing in her stern or peaceful power is sufficiently 
revealed by the "Ode. to the West Wind." 



M 



EUt)OLPH KOENIG. 

BY PRESIDENT LOUDON. 

Y acquaintance with the great Physicist, Rudolph Koenig, 

whose loss the scientific world now .deplores, began in 

1876, at the meeting of the American Association for the 
Advancement of Science, held that year at Buffalo. As it was 
the year of the Centennial Exhibition, many foreigners were 
present, and amongst them Koenig, who addressed Section 
B in German, speaking with great animation, and receiving a 
most enthusiastic reception. The casual acquaintance thus 
begun was renewed in Paris in 1878, and he visited me in 
Toronto in 1882, when we jointly gave a course of lectures at 
the Canadian Institute. I subsequently saw much of him in Paris 
in 1887 and 1901. 

It is not my purpose here to give an account of Koenig s 
scientific work^ as that has recently been done in "Mature " and 
in " Science," but rather to record a few reminiscences of the 
genial, kindly gentleman who gave a hearty welcome to all who 
came to him in the name of Science. 

Rudolph Koenig was bom November 26th, 1832, at Koenigs- 
berg, East Prussia,, where his father was a professor of Mathe- 
matics in the Gymnasium, and where his sister, the wife of 
Geheimrath Professor Ernst Neumann, the celebrated path- 
ologist, still lives. On leaving the Gymnasium, Koenig attended 



42 i:\IVERSITY OF TORONTO MONTHLY 

lectures on Art at the University, and at the age of nineteen, 
went to Paris to learn violin-making under the celebrated Yuil- 
laume. It was here that he first manifested an interest in 
acoustical problems, an interest so keen that, on Yuillaume's 
advice, he abandoned violin-making, at which he had become an 
expert, for the work of an acoustician. Koenig, however, never 
lost his interest in the violin. His recollections of the great 
violin-maker, who subsequently became a millionaire, were so 
interesting and entertaining, that I more than once urged him 
to write a memoir of him. One of his stories concerning him 
is worth repeating, even though it lacks 1 in telling the inimitable 
charm of the original. 

One of Yuillaume's achievements, it appears, was the discovery 
of a special varnish, applied only by himself in his " varnishirig- 
room," a room which no one else was allowed to enter. In time 
this room came to serve another useful purpose. By Yuillaume's 
orders unwelcome visitors were always told that he could not be 
seen, as he was busy in his varnishing-room. On one notable 
occasion, callers suspected that Yuillaume had become insane, 
so prolonged was the varnishing. News had privately reached 
him that a noted collector of violins in Italy had died. Yuil- 
laume suddenly disappeared, leaving instructions to his trusty 
employees to say to all inquirers that he was at work in his 
varnishing-room. After an absence of many weeks, he as sud- 
denly appeared on the scene, on this occasion, however, with 
the great Italian collection of violins in his possession, to the 
great discomfiture of all his rivals. 

Long after Koenig left Yuillaume, his judgment was fre- 
quently sought as to the genuineness of an alleged Stradivarius, 
or other old master. On one of such occasions his opinion must 
have been somewhat of a surprise. Having been asked by the 
intending purchaser if he recognized the alleged old master, 
" Oh yes," he replied, " I made it myself." On my inquiring 
how he recognized his handiwork, he explained that a glance at 
the tail-piece sufficed, as every violin-maker had his own style 
in making that particular part. 

Amongst Koenig's earliest achievements in acoustics was the 
preparation of an album containing the actual tracings, obtained 
by the graphical method, of the vibrations of sounding bodies. 
Many of these tracings have been reproduced in treatises on 
physics, no doubt from the copies to be found in Koenig's Cata- 
logue of 1865, but the original source has not been mentioned. 
Ihis album, with its beautiful phonograms, he would never part 
with. When I last saw him he laughingly told me of an appeal 
made to him by a clerical friend for the coveted treasure the 



KUDOLPH KOENIG- 43 

prayers of the whole order, on Koenig' s behalf, being offered in 
compensation. 

Koenig's discovery of the method of manometric flames, in 
the early sixties, attracted the attention of Regnault, whose 
lectures he had attended, with the result that Koenig's assistance 
was sought in the long series of underground experiments under- 
taken by Regnault to determine the velocity of sound, experi- 
ments which were conducted in the sewers of Paris. I remem- 
ber Koenig pointing out to me the door by which he used nightly 
to enter the sewers to make his solitary way through the swarm- 
ing rats to the place of experiment. 

In 1868 Koenig was honored for his discoveries by the uni- 
versity of his native town with the degree of Ph. D. The 
attitude of some members of that ancient seat of learning towards 
science is amusingly brought out in the story he told me of how 
Liszt obtained his doctorate. Liszt, it seems, had created so great 
a furore by his playing at the University of Koenigsberg, that 
some members of the Faculty declared that he should at once be 
made a doctor of philosophy honoris causa. Unfortunately for 
the proposal, it was necessary that the Faculty should be unani- 
mous, and it was said that a certain philologist could never be 
got to consent. "When the old man was finally approached and 
asked if Liszt should not receive the degree, he replied: "Why 
not? You gave it a short time ago to a chemist.' 7 

The outbreak of the Franco-Prussian war in 1870 was fatal 
to all the pleasant relations which had subsisted hitherto between 
Koenig and his scientific friends in France. The war, in fact, 
proved to be the tragedy of his life, resulting as it did in his 
almost complete isolation during the thirty years that followed. 
Having 'been expelled on the outbreak of the war, he went to 
Switzerland and afterwards to Germany. On his return after 
the war he found his property untouched, thanks to the fidelity 
of his workmen; but the old social amenities were at an end. 
An absurd charge of having served as an officer in the Prussian 
artillery was brought against him, in alluding to which he laugh- 
ingly remarked that it would have been lucky for some French- 
man if the charge had been true, the fact being that he was dis- 
qualified for military service owing to defective eyesight. Under 
such circumstances it is not extraordinary that Koenig's life 
became uncomfortable in Paris, and, in times of great political 
excitement, not altogether safe. In the face of all annoyances, 
however, he continued to live and work in the city of his adop- 
tion, replying to friends who urged a change, that he would 
rather live in Paris amongst his enemies, than in any other city 
in the world amongst his friends. He loved Paris not wisely, 



44 UNIVERSITY OF TORONTO MONTHLY 

but too well, as the sequel proved; for though his subsequent 
scientific achievements increased in number and importance, he 
lacked the sympathy and interest of Parisian savants. Regnault 
he saw no more. His work was done, for he was heart-broken 
of the loss of his son Henri, the painter, killed during the siege. 
Other Parisian friends fell away with few exceptions, amongst 
whom may be mentioned Professor Marey, who kept up his 
friendship to the end. 

On the other hand, Koenig had many friends abroad, and for 
these he was always ready with the warmest of welcomes when 
they happened to visit Paris. The time came, however, when 
he lost through death the most valued of these foreign friends, 
Professor Pisko of Vienna, Spottiswoode, President of the .Royal 
Society, London, and Professor A. M. Mayer of ISTew York, the 
loss of all of whom he felt most keenly. I recall the circum- 
stance of his lamenting to my wife and myself the loss of one of 
those named, who, he told us, used so often to come to Paris 
and spend the whole of Sunday with him in experimenting. 
' 'You surely did not experiment on Sunday," remarked my wife. 
"Why not?" was the ready reply, " le bon Dieu He loves a 
good experiment." So, too, did Koenig, for scientific visitors 
always found him ready, not only to give expert advice freely, 
but delighted to exhibit new experiments. Amongst the not- 
able gatherings at his rooms for this purpose was one which 
took place the year of the Electrical Congress. On that occa- 
sion there were assembled there Helmholtz, Kirchhof, Du Bois 
Raymond, Clausius, Mach, Kundt, Hittorf, Sir Wm. Thomson 
(now Lord Kelvin), and others. 

With Helmholtz, as is well known, Koenig had an endless dis- 
pute over the questions of the sounds of beats arid of timbre. 
It may not be known, however, that Koenig began his experi- 
mental researches on these questions with the object of sup- 
porting Helmholtz's theories, with the result, however, that he 
was led eventually to oppose them. 

Perhaps the crowning achievement of Koenig's life was the 
construction of his great tonometer, consisting of forks giving 
vibrations ranging from 32 to 180,000 per second. The method 
of constructing the very high forks, it may be mentioned, was 
among his most recent discoveries. This tonometer he finished 
three or four years ago, after working on it for nearly twenty 
years. It remained in his possession until his death, and is still 
undisposed of. As a standard of pitch it is unique, and it is to 
be hoped that it wil soon find an aupropriate home, either in the 
Paris Conservatory of Music, or in the physical laboratory of 
some great university. 



EUDOLPH KOENIG 45 

I should not omit to mention those accomplishments, outside 
of science, which made Koenig, in his early days, the associate of 
artists and musicians, and which rendered him at all times a most 
charming companion. Not only was he learned in music, but 
his knowledge of art was extensive, and his artistic taste most 
correct. He was, moreover, as ready to discuss literature as 
science. Heine's poems he knew by heart ; they were always open 
before him, he told me, as he worked in his early days at Vuil- 
laume's. Goethe and Schiller and Shakespeare were his favourites. 
It was, indeed, with a view to reading Shakespeare in the original 
that he first learned English. 

During the last three years of his life Koenig suffered greatly 
from a complication of diseases. His last days were, indeed, 
not unlike Heine's, in that he was confined to his room, and 
suffered untold pain with infinite patience and courage. When 
at last work, which for years had been his only solace, became 
impossible for him., he was anxious that the end should come. 
Last spring he wrote me that I should not defer my promised 
visit to Paris any longer if I wished to see him alive. On arriv- 
ing there in July I saw him daily, morning and evening, during 
several weeks. The pain from which he had suffered had some- 
what abated, but was succeeded by a feeling of great oppression. 
But his mind was as bright and keen as ever, and, whilst occa- 
sionally he spoke calmly of his approaching end, he talked much 
with his old time vivacity. A few weeks later I received in Lon- 
don a letter, in which he referred to his physicians having ordered 
a change in treatment, but that the effect was doubtful. He added, 
" II faut done prendre patience et attendre." He had not long to 
wait, for the end cam on the second of October. By his death 
a gap has been left in the ranks of science which it may be 
impossible to fill, while those who had the honour of his friend- 
ship will ever remember him with affection for those qualities 
of heart, which were scarcely less prominent than his intellectual 

gifts. 

ANNOUNCEMENT. 

Alumni of the University of Toronto, who are not already sub- 
scribers to the UNIVERSITY OF -TORONTO MONTHLY or who have not paid 
their annual fee to the Alumni Association, should send one dollar to 
the Secretary at once. This will insure the receipt of all publications 
issued by the Association during the present year. The presence of the 
word " Paid " in red ink on the wrapper of this issue shows that the 
receiver's fee for the current year has been paid. 

UNIVERSITY OF TORONTO MONTHLY is published during the college year 
in nine monthly issues. The subscription price is ONE DOLLAR per year, 
single copies TEN CENTS. 

All communications should be addressed to the Secretary of the 
University of Toronto Alumni Association, Dean's House. University 
of Toronto. 



UNIVEKSITY OF TOKONTO MONTHLY 



TOKONTONENSIA 



UNIVERSITY OF TORONTO 
MONTHLY. 

ADDRESS ALL COMMUNICATIONS FOB 
PUBLICATION TO THE SECRETARY, UNI- 
VERSITY OF TORONTO. 

Published monthly, October June. 
Subscription $1.00 a year. 

EDITORIAL BOARD. 

I. H. CAMERON, M.B., Chairman. 

J. C. MCLENNAN, Ph.D., Secretary. 

J. FLETCHER, M.A., LL.D.; A. R. 
BAIN, M.A., LL.D.; A. B. MACALLUM, 
M.B., Ph. D.; J. A. COOPER, B.A., 
LL.B.; L; E. EMBREE, M.A.; HON. S. C. 
BIGGS, B.A.; T. A. RUSSELL, B.A.; GEO. 
WILKIE, B.A.; S. J. ROBERTSON, B.A., 
Managing Editor. 

THE UNIVERSITY OF TORONTO ALUMNI 

ASSOCIATION: LOCAL ORGANIZATIONS 
DIRECTORY. 

GENERAL ASSOCIATION. President, 
DR. R. A. REEVE, Toronto. Secretary, 
J. C. MCLENNAN, Ph. D., Dean's House, 
University of Toronto. 

ALGOMA, DISTRICT OF. President, 
REV. J. ALLAN, B.A., Sault Ste. Marie, 
Ont.; Secretary-Treasurer, LESLIE A. 
GREEN, B.A., Sault Ste. Marie, Ont. 

BARRIE. President, DONALD Ross, 
B.A., LL.B., Secretary-Treasurer, A. F. 
HUNTER, M.A. 

BRITISH COLUMBIA. President, REV. 
R. WHITTINGTON, M.A., B.Sc., Vancou- 
ver, B.C. Secretary-Treasurer, ALFRED 
HALL, B.A., LL.B., B.C.L., Vancouver. 

ELGIN COUNTY, ONT. President, D. 
MCLARTY, M.D., St. Thomas. Secretary, 
S. SILCOX, B.A., B. Paed., St. Thomas. 

GREY AND BRUCE. President, A. G. 
MCKAY, B.A., Owen Sound, Ont. 
Secretary, W. D. FERRIS, M.B., Shallow 
Lake, Ont. 

HASTINGS COUNTY. President, LT.- 
COL. W. N. PONTON, M.A., Belleville. 
Secretary, J. T. LUTON, B.A., Belleville. 

HURON COUNTY. President, WM. 
GUNN, M.D, Clinton, Ont. Secretary- 
Treasurer, CHAS. GARROW, B.A., LL.B., 
Goderich, Ont. 

LENNOX AND ADDINGTON COUNTIES. 
President, H. M. DEROCHE, B.A., K.C., 
Napanee. Secretary-Treasurer, U. J. 
FLACK, M.A., Napanee. 



LINCOLN COUNTY. President, JOHN 
HENDERSON, M.A., St. Catharines. 
Secretary-Treasurer, G. B. BURSON, 
B.A., St. Catharines. 

MIDDLESEX COUNTY. President, TAL- 
BOT MACBETH, B.A., K.C., London. 
Secretary-Treasurer, F. E. PERRIN, B.A., 
London. 

OTTAWA. President, E. R. CAMERON, 
M.A., Ottawa. Secretary-Treasurer, H. 
A. HARPER, M.A., Ottawa. 

PERTH COUNTY, ONT. President, C. J. 
MCGREGOR, M.A., Stratford, Ont. 
Secretary-Treasurer, C. A. MAYBERRY, 
B.A., LL.B., Stratford, Ont. 

PETERBOROUGH COUNTY. President, 
E. B. EDWARDS, B.A., LL.B., K.C., 
Peterborough. Secretary-Treasurer, D. 
WALKER, B.A., Peterborough. 

PRINCE EDWARD COUNTY. President, 
M. CURRIE, B.A., M.B., Picton. Secre- 
tary-Treasurer, A. W. HENDRICK, B.A., 
Picton. 

VICTORIA COUNTY. President, J. C. 
HARSTONE, B.A., Lindsay, Ont. Secre- 
tary-Treasurer, Miss E. G. FLAVELLE, 
B.A., Lindsay, Ont. 

WATERLOO COUNTY. President, His 
HONOUR JUDGE CHISHOLM, Berlin, Ont. 
Secretary-Treasurer, REV. W. A. BRAD- 
LEY, B.A., Berlin, Ont. 

WELLINGTON COUNTY, ONT. Presi- 
dent, WM. TYTLER, B.A., Guelph, Ont. 
Secretary-Treasurer, R. L. McKiNNON, 
B.A., LL.B., Guelph, Ont. 

WENTWORTH COUNTY GRADUATES 
ASSOCIATION. President, J. CHISHOLM, 
B.A., Hamilton, Ont. Secretary- 
Treasurer, J. T. CRAWFORD, B.A., Ham- 
ilton, Ont. 



Library Endowment. 
It is with very great pleasure that 
we call the attention of the Alumni 
to the recent gift to the University of 
$10,000 by Professor Goldwin Smith 
and Mrs. Goldwin Smith. We under- 
stand that the money will be used to 
endow a department of the Library 
so that the distinguished name of 
Goldwin Smith may be permanently 
associated with that branch of the 
University's equipment. The Univer- 
sity is indeed to be congratulated in 
connection with this liberal gift. It 
has not been the good fortune of the 



TOKONTONENSIA 



University to receive many large 
benefactions, but it has had substan- 
tial gifts and sometimes from very 
distinguished sources. The applica- 
tion of the sum to the endowment of 
the Library is a further cause for 
congratulation, and let us hope that it 
is an action which will be imitated 
by many future benefactors. No 
object, surely, could appeal more 
strongly to the cultured 'and philo- 
sophic mind than the furnishing* of a 
great storehouse of learning. It is 
something that rises so far above all 
that is personal, trivial, and ephe- 
meral! But the chief cause of con- 
gratulation is that the University of 
Toronto can reckon amongst its true 
friends a personality of such distinc- 
tion as Professor Goldwin Smith. May 
the kind donors live long to enjoy 
the gratitude of those whom they have 
laid under obligation, and may their 
generous action be an inspiration to 
all those who are benefitted by it. 



The Yale Celebration. 

Professor Ramsay Wright repre- 
sented the University of Toronto at 
Yale on the occasion of its two 
hundredth anniversary, and presented 
the Latin address written for the 
occasion by Professor Fletcher. No 
arrangement was made for the public 
presentation of this and similar 
addresses they were on exhibition in 
the University Library but, instead, 
speakers were selected to represent 
the graduates, the city, state and 
nation, the Universities of the British 
Empire, those of Continental Europe 
and those of the Southern, Western 
and Eastern States. Unfortunately 
Goldwin Smith, to whom it would 
have fallen, as representative of the 
oldest British University, to speak for 
the Empire, was unable to be present, 
another Oxonian replaced him, but the 
laurels of the day went elsewhere. In 
acknowledgment of th'e various con- 
gratulatory messages, each Institution 
received a medal struck in honour of 
the occasion, our copy of which will 
be preserved in the University Library. 
Professor Ramsay Wright was chiefly 
impressed by the transformation of 
the Campus effected in the past few 
years, by the removal of the old and 
by the erection of handsome new 



structures, not only round the Campus, 
but on the adjacent squares. Many 
of these are residences, for almost 
all the Yale students live in residence, 
and this must be accounted as an 
important factor in the building up of 
that " Yale spirit " of which much was 
heard and seen. Because the Yale 
spirit evidences itself in deeds as well 
as in words; the graduates flock 
annually to Commencement, they 
"processed" in thousands at the 
recent festival, and they build build- 
ings. One of these, the Memorial Hall 
in course of erection, will accommo- 
date 4,000 at Convocation. Their 
Battell chapel, which seemed to offer 
almost everything we could desire for 
our ceremonies, was envied. Another 
building just completed is the Dining 
Hall, in which there are seats for over 
1,000 students. 

But Yale also shares in New Haven's 
prosperity, witness for example, the 
fine Engineering Building, which 
attests to the success of Winchester 
rifles, as does the Fellowship in the 
School of the Fine Arts. This School 
as well as the School of Music are 
thriving Faculties in Yale. While they 
are still in the future with the 
University of Toronto. Both of them 
added much to the enjoyment of the 
recent festival, the Art School by its 
fine galleries and collections, the Music 
School by the excellent performance 
of the " Hora Novisslma " of the 
talented Professor of the Theory of 
Music and of his setting of a Greek 
Festival Hymn, written for the occa- 
sion by Professor Goodell. 



The Political Science Club. 

The Political Science Club held a 
dinner on Nov. 14th, in the Dining 
Hall. Besides the students of the 
course there were present: President 
Loudon, the members of the faculty 
in the Department, and Messrs. E. B. 
Osier, M.P., J. W. Flavelle, J. D. Allan, 
C. C. James, B.A., P. W. Ellis, and T. 
A. Russell, B.A. 

The president of the club, Dr. 
Wickett, in introducing the speakers 
noted that the occasion was the club's 
tenth anniversary. 

Mr. E. B. Osier made a lasting 
impression by the sincerity and 
thoughtfulness of his remarks. It was 



48 



I M\ KUS1TY OF TORONTO MONTHLY 



acknowledged, he said, that in the 
future the New World would be the 
centre of industry, commerce, and 
progress. Canada possesses magnificent 
resources for every branch of industry 
and commerce and upon the young 
men of to-day depend the develop- 
ment of tlKse and the position thai 
Canada will hold in the future. Young 
men found a common difficulty in 
deciding what occupation to follow. 
If possible one should follow his own 
bent, but in any case he should 
develop the invaluable habit of think- 
ing while he worked, thus putting his 
brains into all his efforts. Good men 
are scarce and their services always 
at a premium. Manufacturers and 
corporations are always looking for 
men who will put their whole soul 
into their work. A business man 
should broaden himself by cultivating 
some interest outside of his daily 
work. Every man owes a duty to his 
country as well as to himself, and 
every educated man should try to 
impress the municipal politics of his 
locality by taking an active part in 
them. The address closed with an 
earnest appeal to the young men 
present to fulfil their duties and 
obligations to themselves and to their 
country. 

Messrs. Flavelle, James, Ellis and 
Allan, gave short addresses in which 
they laid stress on the importance of 
character, on the necessity of pre- 
paring for vacancies beforehand, on 
the great influence which educated 
men exert in agricultural communities 
and in municipal politics, and of the 
need of willingness to begin at the 
beginning in any business. Education 
they said was bound to tell in time 
and to aid a man to success. 



Athletics. 

The University has been successful 
this year in Athletics. Our Rugby 
Club has secured both the Senior and 
Intermediate Championships in the 
C.I.R.F.U. and the Junior Champion- 
ship in the O.R.P.U. The Track Club 
made a splendid showing against 
McGill being beaten by but a few 
points, and the Association series has 
proved most successful. The gymna- 
sium is crowded and its classes are 
already the largest in its history. 



The Rugby Club was fortunate in 
having for its captain a hard worker, 
who was a greater believer in fast 
clean football than in signal work. 
He realized that with so little of last 
year's material in the team, it was 
necessary to teach his men the game 
by stand-up practices. There were 
only seven men in the team who had 
played with the seniors before, and 
five for whom this was the first year 
on any University team. Upper 
Canada College contributed two good 
men in Beatty and Jermyn; and the 
Royal Military College sent us Mc- 
Lennan. The material was good, but 
it was the hard, constant practices 
under a captain who was respected 
that won the championship. To 
Ballard, captain of the second team, 
much credit is due for training such 
a strong team. He showed himself to 
be a thinking captain. Behind the 
scenes lies the work of the managers. 
Hoyles, of the senior team, was a 
careful manager, constantly looking 
out for the welfare of his team. 
McGee did equally good work for the 
intermediates. The thirds were 
fortunate in securing Irving for their 
manager. The finances of a club like 
this are an important matter, and 
praise must be given to Elwell for his 
care, ability and foresight. In him the 
Rugby Club has had a successful 
secretary-treasurer. 

The Track Club has developed 
greatly during the past year and will 
no doubt continue to do so. The 
system of weekly handicaps instituted 
by the Club will certainly bring out 
much good material; they will 
probably be carried on also during the 
spring. It was against all precedent 
when the Track Club chose its secre- 
tary-treasurer from among the fresh- 
men, and still more when the particular 
freshman was in Dentistry, but the 
splendid work done by Wood has more 
than justified the selection. Only 
about $500 is needed to build a track. 
It would be a pleasant reminder if 
some old time athletes would present 
this to the Club. 

The Mulock Cup series has already 
begun and we have had some chance 
to see what kind of football the 
Burnside rules would produce. The 
general trend of opinion is not favour- 
able, for while a good game for the 



TOEONTONENSIA 



spectators, being more open and 
spectacular, it has the disadvantage 
of being, like the American game, 
very wearing on many of the players, 
especially those of the forward-line. 
It gives the backs a great chance to 
do spectacular work, but to play it 
well it would require teams well- 
drilled in signal and tactical work. 
The successful captain would in all 
cases be the strategist. 

Back of all the clubs, stands the 
Athletic Association, representing and 
guiding all. Its board of directors is 
presided over by President London. 
V. E. Henderson, B.A., is Vice- 
President. R. M. Millman, B.A., is 
secretary-treasurer. He has charge of 
the finances of the clubs, sanctioning 
their expenditures and paying their 
accounts. This board small in num- 
bers, and consisting of faculty (3). 
graduates (1), and students (5), is 
chiefly judicial and advisory in 
capacity. At present the annual dance 
of the Association, on Dec. 3rd, and 
the annual meeting in the same month 
are being arranged for. 

The Annual Meeting of the Univer- 
sity of Toronto Lacrosse Club was 
held November 20th in the Under- 
graduate Union. The manager oi 
the team, Mr. G. F. McFarland, '02, 
reported that during the season, 
games had been played with the 
following clubs: Orioles of Toronto; 
St. Catharines; Hobart College, two 
games; Cornell University; Stevens' 
Institute (Hoboken, N.J.); Crescent 
Atheletic Club (Brooklyn, N.Y.), two 
games; and Lehigh University, all of 
which were won except the two games 
in Brooklyn. The following officers 
were elected for the coming season: 
honourary president, President London; 
president, W. J. Hanley, B.A.; captain, 
P. A. Greig, B.A.; manager and sec- 
retary-treasurer, M. McFarland. 

Hallowe'en. 

The Hallowe'en demonstration of 
this year while lacking the old time 
rowdyism, was none the less enthusi- 
astic and enjoyable. True the Tele- 
phone Girl was not as good as 
Willard's performance would have 
been, but for our loss in this regard 
we are not indebted to the present 
generation of students, but to our 



predecessors. Mr. Willard has a 
memory for events as well as for 
lines, and we can but deplore the fact 
that his recollection of a former 
" night out " led to his decision to 
decline the pleasure of our company 
on this occasion. Of the decision 
itself we cannot complain. 

The students of University College, 
the School of Practical Science, and 
the Dental College, lined up on the 
lawn and marcned to " The Grand." 
The tin horn was conspicuously 
absent, and in its place bugles from 
the S. P. S. supplied warlike strains. 
At the theatre the numbers were in- 
creased by students from the Central 
Business College. The best of feeling 
prevailed, and the programme of 
songs, conducted by Mr. Abbott of the 
Psychological Department, was car- 
ried out to the general satisfaction of 
both students and public. 

The play was listened to with as 
much appreciation as was possible, 
and fhe leading ladies went home 
bearing the colours of the colleges re- 
presented, together with a generous 
supply of flowers, while the male 
members of the company were 
supplied with vegetables and greens. 
After the play, the usual procession 
was somewhat broken up on account 
of the fact that the third year Arts 
students had arranged to take supper 
at the University Dining Hall, while 
the fourth year Arts students proceed- 
ed to Webb's. 

The only reminder which might 
serve to indicate that formerly the 
students did deeds of valor for the 
cause of aesthetics by the removal 
of objectionable decorations, was the 
presence of a tew policemen, who were 
passive amid the college yells and the 
general enthusiasm of the procession. 

Much credit is due to the central 
committee, which consisted of Messrs. 
J. W. Cunningham, '02, of University 
College, H. G. Barber, of the S. P. S., 
and A. G. Fraser of the Dental 
College, and to every student who 
helped to make the celebration a 
success. 

Women's Residence. 

The Women's Residence Association 
of University College held its annual 
meeting Nov. 13th. After the presen- 



50 



UNIVERSITY OF TORONTO MONTHLY 



tatiou of the nominating committee's 
report the election was held resulting 
as follows: Honourary President, Mrs. 
Loudon; President, Miss. L. M. 
Hamilton, B.A.; Vice-Presidents, Mrs. 
Ramsay Wright, Mrs. Hutton, Mrs. 
Fletcher and Miss Wright, B.A.; 
Secretary, Miss Salter; Treasurer, 
Mrs. Torrington; Councillors, Mrs. 
Cameron, Mrs. Squair, Mrs. Jeffrey, 
Miss Cole, B.A., and Miss Benson, 
B.A. The secretary's and treasurer's 
reports were then read and adopted, 
the latter showing a balance in the 
bank of $3,206.41. The business meet- 
ing concluded, Principal Hutton took 
the chair, and after announcing 
that Sir Wm. Meredith was unable to 
be present owing to judicial duties, 
called upon President Loudon for an 
address. The President, who has 
always been a staunch supporter of 
the movement, responded in a brief 
but encouraging speech. As the 
University's vacant land is being 
rapidly appropriated, he advised tho 
association to secure its site without 
delay, even though the building 
should not be erected for some time. 
Persevering effort must ultimately 
result in success, and once established 
the residence could probably pay its 
own way. Such had been found to be 
the case elsewhere. Princeton, for 
instance, considers its dormitories the 
best of its investments. 

At the conclusion of President 
London's speech, Principal Hutton 
addressed the meeting. In pointing 
out to the graduates and under- 
graduates present the duty devolving 
upon them of doing their utmost to 
secure for their successors the advan- 
tages which they themselves lacked, 
the Principal touched upon the vital 
benefits accruing to the student from 
a life in residence. It is the only 
condition under which esprit de corps 
is possible; it encourages as nothing 
could the formation of lasting friend- 
ships and the development of that 
inner creed which the student learns 
to live at college. These things are 
the vital part of an education. 



Campus and Corridor. 

The Canadian Manufacturers' Asso- 
ciation held its annual meeting this 
year at Montreal. Among the features 



of the occasion were the addresses of 
the retiring President, Mr. P. W. Ellis, 
and the speeches delivered at the 
banquet by the Dominion Premier and 
his colleagues, all of whom toucned 
upon the question of the tariff. The 
toast of Technical Education was pro- 
posed by Mr. Monk and replied to 
briefly by President Loudon and 
Principal Peterson. 

In referring to the development of 
Technical Education, President Loudon 
stated that the manufacturers of 
Germany employ at present 4,500 
chemists. It was, he said, owing to 
the employment of these scientific 
experts that Germany now controls 
the chemical trade of the world. It 
was owing to neglect on the part of 
British manufacturers to do likewise 
that Britain had lost the trade. Presi- 
dent Loudon also insisted on the 
importance of combining technical 
skill with capital and enterprise in 
developing the manufacturing and 
mining interests of Canada, and 
emphasized the fact that the most 
valuable part of a system of technical 
education is that which furnishes 
experts of the highest scientific attain- 
ments. A reference was also made by 
him to the importance of higher 
Commercial Education, courses in 
which have recently been established 
in the University of Toronto. 

A correspondent has called our 
attention to an omission in the article 
on the King's visit to the University, 
by John A. Cooper, B.A., LL.B., which 
appeared in the October issue of the 
MONTHLY, and reminds us of the fact, 
noted^in the records of the day, that 
the procession through the building 
was headed by two , Esquire Bedels, 
viz., J. A. Boyd, B.A., and J. T. 
Fraser, B.A., the two most distin- 
guished graduates of the previous 
year. The first named is now Sir 
John A. Boyd, K.C.M.G., Chancellor of 
Ontario and a member of the Senate 
of the University. The records of the 
day also note that the Registrar, Mr. 
Thomas Moss, was specially presented 
by the Governor-General to the Prince 
as the most distinguished alumnus of 
the University. He afterwards became 
Chief Justice of Ontario, and was, for 
several years before his death in 
1881, the Vice-Chancellor of the 
University. 



TO&ONTONENSIA 



51 



NEWS FROM THE CLASSES. 

The personal news is compiled from information 
furnished by the Secretary of the University of Toronto 
Alumni Association, arid by the Secretaries of local 
organizations, and from other reliable sources. The 
value of this department might be greatly enhanced 
if University of Toronto men everywhere would con- 
tribute to it. The correction of any error will be 
gratefully received by the Secretary' of the Alumni 
Association. 

Graduates of the S. P. S. 1881. 

J. L. Morris, C.E., O.L.S., is an 
engineer and surveyor, Pembroke, 
Ont. 

S. P. S. 1882. 

D. Jeffrey Is a contractor, Delmar, 

Iowa. J. H. Kennedy, C.E., O.L.S., 

is chief engineer of the Vancouver, 
Victoria & Eastern Ry., Vancouver, 

B.C. J. McAree, B.A.Sc., D.T.S., is 

chief engineer of the Pritchard Har- 
bour Copper Mining & Development 
Co., Rat Portage, Ont. 

S. P. S. 1883. 

D. Burns, O.L.S., A. M. Can. Soc. C. 
E., is with the Keystone Bridge Co., 

Pittsburg, Pa. G. H. Duggan, M. 

Can. Soc. C. E., is chief engineer of 
the Dominion Bridge Co., Montreal, 

Que. J. W. Tyrrell, C.E., D.L.S. is 

on the surveying staff of the Dept. of 
Interior, Ottawa, Ont. 

S. P. S. 1884. 

W. C. Kirkland is asst. engineer to 
the Drainage Commission of New 

Orleans, New Orleans, La. J. Mc- 

Dougall, B.A., A. M. Inst. C. E., is 
York County engineer, Court House, 

Toronto, Ont. A. R. Raymer is chief 

engineer of the Pe~nn.~& L. E. Ry., 

Pittsburg, Pa. James Robertson. 

O.L.S., is an engineer and surveyor, 

Glencoe, Ont. E. W. Stern is chief 

engineer of the Jackson Architectural 
Iron Works, 315 E 28th St., New York. 

S. P. S. 1885. 

P. W. Bleakley is a civil engineer, 

Sullivan Block, Seattle, Wash. H. J. 

Bowman, D. & O.L.S. M. Can. Soc. C. 
E., is consulting engineer at Berlin, 

Ont. E. E. Henderson, O.L.S., is a 

civil engineer at" Henderson P.O., 

Piscatiquois, Me. B. A. Ludgate, 

O.L.S., is on the engineering staff of 
the Union Pacific R'y., Omaha, Neb. 

O. McKay, O.L.S., is chief engineer 



of the Lake Erie and Detroit River 
Ry., Walkerville, Ont. 

Graduates in Medicine, 1844. 
H. Boys, M.D. (Ob). 



1845. 

L. O'Brien, M.D. 
Hodder, C.M. (Ob). 

1848. 



(Ob). E. M. 



J. H. Richardson, M.D., is a 
physician, 36 St. Joseph Street, 
Toronto. J. Bovell, M.D. (Ob). 

1850. 

W. B. Nichol, M.D. (Ob). J. N. 

McCrae, M.D. (Ob) W. Beaumont, 

M.D. (Ob). 

1851. 

C. S. Eastwood, M.D. (Ob). W. C. 

Chewett, M.D. (Ob). 

1853. 

M. B. MacKenzie, M.D. (Ob). W. 

O. Eastwood, M.D., is a physician in 

Whitby, Ont. W. Boyd, M.D., is a 

physician in Forest, Ont. 

1854. 
G. Herrick, M.D. (Ob). 

1855. 

H. H. Wright, M.D. (Ob). J. W. 

Rosebrough, M.D. (Ob). Hon. J. 

Rolph, M.D. (Ob). U. Ogden, M.D., 

is a physician, 18 Carlton St., Toronto. 

E. J. Ogden, M.D., is a physician, 

1636 Michigan Ave., Chicago, 111., 

U.S.A. E. W. Gustin, M.D., is a 

physician in St. Thomas, Ont. A. 

E. Ford, M.D., is a physician in 

Denver, Col., U.S.A. E. Bull, M.D. 

(Ob). M. Barrett, M.D. (Ob). 

The addresses of the following 
graduates in medicine are unknown: 

D. B. Alexander, M.D. '91; R. H. 
Alford, M.D. '62; R. Allan, M.D. '69; 
W. Anderson, M.D. '58; J. D. Ander- 
son, M.B. >79; J. Armstrong, M.D. '67; 
A. C. Aylesworth, M.B. '90; T. M. 
Bailey, M.D. '57; J. Bain, M.D. '60; 
T. S. Barclay, M.D. '72; S. Bates, 
M.D. '89; C. Bass, M.D. '53; T. Beatty, 
M.D. '56; W. C. Bell. M.D.. C.M. '92: G. 
Benham, M.D. '64; J. Bently, M.D. '55; 



UNIVERSITY OF TORONTO MONTHLY 



C. V. Berriman, M.D. '57; B. 0. 
Bingham, M.D., C.M. '92; G. W. 
Bingham M.D. '55; W. H. Blake, M.D. 
'61; B. Bowman, M.D. '61; 1. Bowman, 
M.D. '61; J. D. Bowman, M.D. '65; A. 
Broadfoot, M.D. '84; B. P. Brown, 
M.D. '62; E. T. Brown, M.D. ^7; J. 
Brown, M.D. '64; J. V. Bryning, 
M.D. '63; I. Bridgman, M.D. '67. 

Graduates in Arts, 1895. 

A. H. Abbott, B.A., is Instructor in 
Philosophy in the University of 

Toronto. H. S. Albarus, B.A., is a 

school-teacher in Morrisburg, Ont. 

H. O. E. Asman, B.A., is a teacher in 
the Hamilton Collegiate Institute, 

Hamilton, Ont. J. Bailey, B.A., is 

a Presbyterian minister in Shrigley, 
Ont. J. W. Baird, B.A., is a Metho- 
dist minister in Glencoe, Ont. J. 

Barber, B.A., is a Presbyterian minis- 
ter in Forest, Ont. J. Barnes, B.A., 

is a Methodist minister in Mountain 

Grove, Ont. M. W. Beach, B.A., is 

a manufacturer in Iroquois, Ont. B. 

C. Bell, B.A., is a physician, Brant- 
ford, Ont. R. H. Bell, B.A., is a 

Methodist minister in Stromness, Ont. 
Miss M. Bowes, B.A., is a school- 
teacher in Brantford, Ont. D. S. 

Bowlby, B.A., is a barrister in Berlin, 

Ont. H. M. Bowman, B.A., Berlin, 

Ont. J. F. W. Boyce, B.A., Calgary, 

N.W.T. W. A. Braun, B.A., is a 

lecturer in Columbia University, New 

York, U.S.A. C. H. Brown, B.A., is 

a physician in Carleton Place, Ont. 

L. Brown, B.A., is a school-teacher 

in Aylmer, Ont. W. C. Brown, B.A., 

is a barrister in Tilsonburg, Ont. 
H. A. Burbidge, B.A., is a barrister in 

Ottawa, Ont. Miss H. K. Burns, 

B.A., is a nurse, New York, N.Y., U.S. 

W. E. Burns, B.A., is a barrister 

in Toronto. L. Caesar, B.A., is a 

school-teacher in Kemptville, Ont. 

D. A. Campbell, B.A., is a school- 
teacher, Ottawa. L. C. Campbell, 

B.A., Vancouver, B.C. W. A. Camp- 
bell, B.A., is a Presbyterian minister 

in Cloverdale, B.C. W. S. Carroll, 

B.A., is a barrister in Erie, Pa., U.S.A. 

C. Chaisgreen, B.A., is on the 
Mexican International R.R., Durango, 

Mexico. W. A. McK. Chant, B.A., is 

a Methodist minister in Newburgh, 

Ont. M. R. Chapman, B.A., is a 

Methodist minister in Korah, Ont. 
R. W. Chase, B.A., is a Presbyterian 



missionary in Indore, India. A. M. 

Chisholm, B.A., is a barrister in 

Ottawa, Ont. H. A. Clark, B.A., is a 

barrister, Toronto. W. G. Clarke, 

B.A., is a Methodist minister in 

Honeoye Falls, N.Y. J. O. Clubine, 

B.A., who was a Methodist minister in 

Day Mills, Ont, is dead. Miss Mary 

Cockburn, B.A., is in Toronto. H. 

Conn, B.A.. is a ^school-teacher in 

Strathroy, Ont. W. J. Conoly, B.A., 

is a Methodist minister in Escott, Ont. 
J. S. Cowan, B.A., is an editor in 

Toronto. A. W. Crawford B.A., is a 

Methodist minister in Gait, Ont. 
W. H. Cronyn, B.A., M.B., is in Lon- 
don, Ont. C. W. Cross, B.A., is a 

barrister in Edmonton, Alta. W. 

S. Crysler, B.A. (Ob). O. E. Culbert, 

B.A., is a barrister, Ottawa. Miss L. 

D. Cummings, B.A., Hamilton, Ont. 
Mrs. A. W. Henshaw, B.A. (Miss J. 
Darling), is living in Schenectady, 
N.Y. G. H. Davy, B.A., is a bar- 
rister in Iroquois, Ont. F. W. 

Delmage, B.A., St. Mary's, Ont. 

Miss G. K. Dingle, B.A., is a school- 
teacher in Oshawa, Ont. Miss J. 

Dowd, B.A., is a teacher in the high 

school, Toledo, O., U.S. J. M. Field, 

B.A., is a school-teacher in Goderich, 

Ont. W. A. Findlay, B.A., is a 

teacher in St. Andrew's College, 

Toronto. J. P. Fitzgerald, B.A., 

Toronto. J. W. Forbes, B.A., is a 

school-teacher in Weston, Ont. C. 

H. Fowler, B.A., is a journalist em- 
ployed on the Telegram, Toronto. 

D. A. Fowlie, B.A., is a Presbyterian 

minister in Davisburg, N.W.T. Miss 

M. E. N. Fraser, B.A., is a professor 
in Elmira College, Elmira, N.Y. 

E. Gillis, M.A., is a barrister, Toronto. 

Mrs. J. J. Ross, B.A. (Miss G. 

Graham), is living in Chatham, Ont. 
Miss L. Grant, B.A., is in Brant- 
ford, Ont. L. A. Green, B.A., Sault 

Ste. Marie, Ont. T. H. Greenwood, 

B.A., is a barrister, London, Eng. 
J. Griffith, B.A., is a Presbyterian 

minister, Honan, China. A. Hall, 

B.A., is a barrister, Vancouver, B.C. 

A. R. Hamilton, B.A., is a 

barrister in Palmerston, Ont. J. J. 

Hannahson, B.A. (Ob). Mrs. P. D. 

Harris (Miss N. M. Harding), is 

living in Virden, Man. A. C. W. 

Hardy, B.A., is a barrister in Brant- 
ford, Ont. H. G. Hargrave, B.A., 

is in Toronto. H. A. Harper, B.A., 



TOKONTONENSIA 



is living in 
Harris, B.A., 
Selkirk, Man. 
a Methodist 



Ottawa, Ont. - P. D. 

is a school-teacher in 

G. N. Hazen, B.A., is 

minister in Wyoming, 



Ont. 



W. 



B. Hendry, B.A., is in 
Toronto. - T. H. Hilliar, B.A., is a 
barrister, Osgoode Hall, Toronto. - 
Miss J. S. Hillock, B.A., is living in 
Toronto. - C. E. Hollinrake, B.A., is 
a barrister in Milton West, Ont. 
Miss C. I. Horning, B.A., is a teacher 
Ontario Ladies College, Whitby, Ont. 

Mrs. L. E. Horning, B.A., Toronto. 

T. A. Hunt, B.A., is a barrister, 
Winnipeg, Man. - 1. L. Hyland, B.A., 
is a barrister, Seattle, Wash., U.S. - 
T. J. Ivey, B.A., is a school-teacher 
in Madoc, Ont. - G. M. James, B.A., 
Gait, Ont. - G. M. Jones, B.A., is a 
school-teacher in Whitby, Ont. -- 
Miss A. K. Kerr is a journalist, 
Woodstock, Ont. - W. L. MacK. King, 
B.A., is Deputy Minister of Labour and 
editor of " Labour Gazette," Ottawa, 
Ont. - H. G. Kingstone, B.A., LL.B., 
is a barrister, Toronto. - W. A. Kirk- 
wood, B.A., is a teacher in Ridley 
College, St. Catharines, Ont. - A. A. 
Laing, B.A., is a Presbyterian minis- 
ter in Ridgetown, Ont. - Miss L. A. 
Laing, B.A., is living in Dundas, Ont. 

- J. S. Lane, B.A., is a school- 
teacher in Chatham, Ont. - E. E. 
Law, B.A., is editor of Progress, 
Qu'Appelle Station, Assa. - C. J. 
Lynde.. B.A., Madoc, Ont. -- Miss R. E. 
C. Mason, B.A., is a school-teacher in 
Wellsville, O., U.S.A. - C. P. Megan, 
B.A., is a teacher in the High School, 
S. Side, Chicago, 111. - W. A. Merkley, 
B.A., is a physician in Toronto. 
Miss M. G. Millar, B.A., is living in 
Pembroke, Ont. - G. K. Mills, B.A., 
is a school-teacher in Collingwood, Ont. 

- J. A. Moir, B.A., is a Presbyterian 
minister in Manotick, Ont. - J. 
Montgomery, B.A., is a barrister, 
Toronto, Ont. - W. Mow.bray, B.A., is 
a school-teacher in Chatham, Ont. - 
Mrs. D. G. Revell, B.A. (Miss Helena 
R. Murray), is living in Paris, Ont. 

J. L. Murray, B.A., is a Presby- 
terian minister in St. Catharines, Ont. 

N. J. McArthur, B.A., Minneapolis, 
Minn, U.S. - J. McCool. M.A., is a 
school-teacher in London, Ont. - H. 
McCulloch, B.A., is a Presbyterian 
minister in Tavistock, Ont. - D. B. 
Macdonald, M.A., Is Principal of St. 
Andrew's College Toronto. - W. J. 



Macdonald, B.A., Ottawa, Ont. J. K. 
McDonald, B.A., Armour Institute, 
Chicago, 111., U.S.A. N. A. Mc- 
Donald, B.A., is a Presbyterian minis- 
ter in Cedarville, Ont. Miss I. J. 

MacDougall, B.A., is a teacher in 
the Presbyterian Ladies' College, 

Toronto. M. W. McEwen, B.A.. 

is a barrister in Brantford, Ont. 

Miss M. C. McGregor, B.A., is 

living in Toronto. W. A. McKim, 

B.A., is a school-teacher in Prescott, 

Ont. R. L. McKinnon, B.A., LL.B., 

is a barrister, Guelph, Ont. A. D. 

McKittrick, B.A., Orangeville, Ont. 

C. W. McLeay, B.A., Watford, Ont. 

W. McLeod, B.A., is a school- 
teacher in Chicago, 111. H. S. Mac- 

millan, B.A., is a school-teacher in 

Ottawa, Ont. T. I. McNeece, B.A., is 

a teacher in Toronto. J. McNiece. 

B.A., is a school-teacher in Welland, 

Ont. Miss P. Northrup, B.A., is 

living in Aylmer, Ont. Miss M. A. 

Northwood, B.A., is living in Ottawa, 

Ont. F. J. V. O'Brien, B.A., is living 

in Rochester, N.Y., U.S.A. Miss 

Mary O'Rourke, B.A., is living in 

Toronto. J. L. Paterson, B.A., is a 

barrister in Ingersoll, Ont. L. W. 

Patmore, B.A., Elora, Ont. A. Pear- 
son, B.A., is a school-teacher in Mount 

Forest, Ont. F. L. Pearson, B.A., 

Ripley, Ont. W. H. Piersol, B.A., is 

a physician, Toronto. W. G. Rich- 
ardson, B.A., is a Presbyterian 

minister in Wyoming, Out. W. A. 

Robertson, B.A., Rothsay, N.S. S. 

H. B. Robinson, B.A., is a barrister in 

Orillia, Ont. T. R. Robinson, B.A., 

is a Presbyterian minister in St. 

David's, Ont. Miss Alice Rosebrugh, 

B.A., is living in Toronto. Miss 

Alice Rowsom, B.A., is a school- 
teacher in Fergus, Ont. W. J. Rusk, 

M.A., is in Clifford, Ont. G. E. 

Russell, B.A., Sarnia, Ont. F. A. 

Saunders, B.A., is a lecturer in Haver- 
ford College, Haverford, Pa. P. 

Scott, B.A., Knox College, Toronto. 

W. A. Scott, B.A., is a physician in 

Courtwright, Out. W. D. Scott, B.A., 

is a musician in Ridgetown, Ont. 

H. R. Scovell, B.A., is a school- 
teacher in Norwood, Ont. H. A. 

Semple, B.A. (Ob). C. W. Service, 

B.A., is a medical missionary in Aults- 

ville, Ont. S. Shannon, B.A., 

Atwood. Ont. S. S. Sharpe, B.A., is 

a barrister in Uxbridge, Ont. C. E. 



54 



UNIVERSITY OF TORONTO MONTHLY 



Shearer, B.A., Simcoe, Ont. R. A. 

A. Shore, B.A., Toronto. W. L. 

Silverthorne, B.A., is an insurance 

agent in Brantford, Ont. W. C. 

Simmons, B.A., is a barrister in Card- 
stone, Alberta, N.W.T. P. F. Sin- 
clair, B.A., is a clergyman in Sonya, 

Ont. Rev. W. J. Sipprell, B.A., is 

Principal of C. M. College, New West- 
minster, B.C. J. C. Smith, B.A., is 

a Presbyterian minister in Rathburn, 
Ont. J. J. Smith, B.A., is a school- 
teacher in Lebret, Assa. P. R. 

Soanes, B.A., is an Anglican clergy- 
man in Liscombe, N.S. F. Spence, 

B.A. (Ob.) H. S. Spence, B.A., Rob- 

lin, Ont. G. M. Standing, B.A., 

Burford, Ont'. C. A. Steen, B.A., 

Montreal, Que. L. F. Stephens, 

B.A., is a barrister in Hamilton, Ont. 

Mrs. E. C. Jeffrey, B.A. (Miss J. A. 

Street), is living in Toronto. S. J. 

Stubbs, B.A., is a school-teacher in 

Smith's Falls, Ont. Miss M. H. 

Sutherland, B.A., Toronto. W. T. 

F. Tamblyn, B.A., is an instructor in 
the University of Colorado, Boulder, 

Col. A. J. Terrill, B.A., is a 

Methodist minister in Trenton, Ont. 

W. Tier, M.A., is a school-teacher 

in Lucan, Ont. A. J. Toye, B.A., is 

a Methodist minister in Collingwood, 

Ont. F. W. Varley, B.A., is a 

Methodist minister in Priceville, Ont. 

H. B. Warren, M.A., is a Methodist 

minister in Hintonburg, Ont. Miss 

L. L. Watson, B.A., is living in 

Toronto. D. L. L. A. Welwood, 

B.A., Watseka, 111., U.S.A. Mrs. 

Wells, B.A. (Miss Anna Werrett), is 

living in Delhi, Ont. F. W. White, 

B.A., is a Methodist minister in 

Eldorado, Ont. W. T. White, B.A., 

is manager of the National Trust 

Company, Toronto. E. A. Wicher, 

M.A., is a clergyman in Claude, 
Ont. A. E. Wickens, B.A., is a phy- 
sician, Brantford, Ont. The addresses 
of the following are unknown: H. E. 
Ford, B.A.; J. W. Hewson, B.A.; W. 
E. Stevenson, B.A~. 



Faculty Changes. 

By virtue of the University Act of 
1901 certain new offices pertaining to 
the academic management of the 
University have been created and 
filled as follows: 



John Galbraith, M.A., C.E., Pro- 
fessor of Engineering and Principal 
of the School of Practical Science has 
been made Dean of the Faculty of 
Applied Science and Engineering. 

Maurice Hutton, M.A., Professor of 
Greek in University College has been 
made Principal of University College. 

R. A. Reeve, B.A., M.D., Professor 
of Ophthalmology and Otology, has 
been made Dean of the Faculty of 
Medicine. 

R. Ramsay Wright, M.A., B.Sc., 
Professor of Biology has been made 
Dean of the Faculty of Arts and also 
Vice-President of the University of 
Toronto. 

A. P. Coleman, M.A., Ph.D., Acting 
Professor of Mineralogy and Geology 
in the University of Toronto, and 
Professor of Assaying and Metallurgy 
in the School of Practical Science, has 
been appointed Professor of Geology, 
including Economic Geology, in the 
University of Toronto. 

W. H. Fraser, M.A., formerly 
Associate-Professor has been made 
Professor of Italian and Spanish in 
the University of Toronto. 

A. B. Macallum, M.A., M.B., Ph.D., 
formerly Associate-Professor, has been 
made Professor of Physiology in the 
University of Toronto. 

J. Squair, B.A., formerly Associate - 
Professor has been made Professor of 
French in University College. 

W. H. vanderSmissen, M.A., for- 
merly Associate-Professor has been 
made Professor of German in Univer- 
sity College. 

The newly established chair of 
Mineralogy and Petrography in the 
University of Toronto has been filled 
by the appointment of Dr. T. L. 
Walker, who is a Canadian by birth. 
Professor Walker graduated from 
Queen's College, Kingston, as M.A., 
with honours and medal in Chemistry 
and Mineralogy in 1890. He after- 
wards proceeded to Leipzig, where he 
studied under Professors Zirkel, 
Wislicenus and Credner, graduating in 
1896 from the University of Leipzig as 
Ph. D., magna cum laude. In 1897 he 
was appointed by the Secretary of 
State for India to the staff of the 
Geological Survey of India as an 
Assistant Superintendent where he has 



TORONTONENSIA 



55 






been up to the present, engaged in the 
study of the crystalline rocks of 
peninsular India and in a geological 
tour across the higher Himalayas into 
Thibet. Prior to his departure from 
Canada Professor Walker had filled 
positions on the Geological Survey of 
Canada, and in connection with the 
mines at Sudbury, Ont. In addi- 
tion to his experience in field work he 
has been demonstrator in Chemistry 
in the School of Mines, Kingston, 
Ont., examiner in the University of 
Calcutta and lecturer on Geology in 
Presidency College, University of Cal- 
cutta. Professor Walker's contribu- 
tions to the literature of his depart- 
ment of knowledge have been 
frequent and important. He has 
published: in 1894, " Notes on Nickeli- 
ferous Pyrite from Murray Mine, Sud- 
bury, Ontario " (American Journal of 
Science), in 1895, "Diabase Dykes in 
the Sudbury Mining Region " (Read 
before the Ontario Mining Institute), 
in 1896 " Beitrag zur Kenntniss des 
Sperrylithis " (Zeitschrift fur Krystallo- 
graphie), in 1896 also, "Notes on 
Sperrylite " and " Observations on 
Percussion Figures on Cleavage 
Plates of Mica" (American Journal of 
Science), in 1897 " Geological and 
Petrological Studies of the Sudbury 
Nickel District, Canada," (Quarterly 
Journal of the Geological Society of 
London), in 1897 also "Percussion 
Figures on Micas " (Records of the 
Geological Survey of India), in 1898 
"The Crystal Symmetry of Torber- 
nite " (American Journal of Science) , in 
1898 also, " Causes of Variation in the 
Composition of Igneous Rocks '> 
(American Journal of Science), in 1899 
" The Crystal Symmetry of the 
Minerals of the Mica Group " (Ameri- 
can Journal of Science), and in 1900 "A 
Geological Sketch of the Central 
Portion of Jeypore Zemindari in Viza- 
gapatam District" (Annual Report, 
Geological Survey of India). 

The following changes in the 
Faculty of Knox College have occurred 
since last session: The Rev. Dr. 
Proudfoot has resigned his position as 
Lecturer in Homiletics, etc. Mr. Find- 
ley has ceased to teach Latin and 
Greek, the preparatory course being 
abolished. The Rev. A. Halliday Doug- 
las, M.A., has been appointed Professor 
of Apologetics, Homiletics and Pas- 



toral Theology. Church Government 
has been added to the Chair of Church 
History, which is occupied by Pro- 
fessor Ballantyne, who does not now 
teach Apologetics. 

The University of Toronto Medical 
Faculty has recently appointed the 
following Demonstrators in the De- 
partment of Anatomy: A. C. Hend- 
rick, B.A. '97, M.B. '00; A. J. Mc- 
Kenzie, B.A. '96, M.B. '00; Donald Mc- 
Gillivray, M.B. '97; and in the Depart- 
ment of Pathology, T. D. Archibald, 
B.A., M.B. '99, and M. M. Crawford, 
M.B. '98, have been appointed Assist- 
ant Demonstrators. 

In St. Michael's College Rev. F. 
Forster, C.S.B., has been appointed 
Professor of Belles Lettres, and Rev. 
E. J. O'Neil, C.S.B., Rev. J. A. 
Sullivan, C.S.B., and Rev. R. Burke, 
C.S.B., have been appointed to the 
University class, the Third year and 
Second year Latin classes respectively. 

The following changes have been 
made in the Faculty of the School of 
Practical Science: L. B. Stewart, 
O.L.S., D.T.S., formerly Lecturer in 
Surveying and Secretary of the School 
has been appointed Professor of 
Surveying and Geodesy and also 
Bursar. 

C. H. C. Wright, B.A.Sc., and Mem. 
O. A. A., formerly Lecturer, has been 
appointed to the Professorship of 
Architecture. 

T. R. Rosebrugh, M.A., formerly 
Lecturer, has been appointed Pro- 
fessor of Electrical Engineering. 

R. W. Angus, B.A.Sc., formerly 
Fellow, has been appointed Lecturer 
in Mechanical Engineering. 

A. T. Laing, B.A.Sc., formerly 
Fellow in Mechanical Engineering, 
has been appointed Demonstrator of 
Surveying and also Secretary. 

W. Monds, B.A. Sc., formerly Fellow, 
has been appointed Demonstrator in 
Mechanical Engineering. 

J. A. Craig, B.A.Sc., has been 
appointed Fellow in Mechanical 
Engineering; A. H. A. Robinson, B.A. 
Sc., in Mining Engineering; E. G. R. 
Ardagh, B.A. Sc. in Chemistry; W. G. 
Chace, Grad. S. P. S. in Electrical 
Engineering; J. T. M. Burnside, B.A. 
Sc. in Drawing; and J. A. DeCew, 
Grad. S. P. S., Lecture- Assistant in 
Chemistry. 



UNIVERSITY OF TORONTO MONTHLY 



Rev. H. P. Plumptre has been 
appointed Professor of Apologetics 
and Lecturer in Old Testament His- 
tory in Wycliffe College, also Dean. 
Mr. Plumptre was educated at the 
famous Harrow School, where he was 
a scholar from 1884 to 1889. He then 
entered Trinity College, Oxford, where 
he resided from 1899 to 1893, when 
he took the degree of B.A., with 
honours in Classics and Theology. 
During his final year he obtained the 
Theological Exhibition in a competi- 
tion open to the whole College. He 
proceeded to his M.A. in 1895. After 
his ordination in 1895 he held a curacy 
until in 1897 he was appointed to 
Wycliffe Hall, Oxford, where he was 
Vice-Principal under Dr. Chevasse, 
now Bishop of Liverpool. This 
position he resigned last spring to 
accept the present position in Wycliffe 
College. 

No changes have been made in the 
Faculties of Victoria University, the 
Royal College of Dental Surgeons, and 
the College of Pharmacy since last 
year. 



Personals. 

Every alumnus of the University of Toronto is in- 
vited to pend to the Editor items of interest for 
insertion in this department News of a personal 
nature about any alumnus will be gladly received. 

Miss A. B. Tucker, B.A. '96, is in 
New York. 

E. T. White, B.A. '99, is teaching in 
Dutton, Ont. 

R. J. Sprott, B.A. '00, is teaching at 
Oshawa, Ont. 

Arthur Smith, B.A. '00, is teaching 
in Essex, Ont. 

D. McDougall, B.A. '99, is teaching 
at Dutton, Ont. 

G. W. Umphrey, B.A. '99, is teaching 
at Whitby, Ont. 

W. G. Anderson, B.A. '00, is teaching 
at Iroquois, Ont. 

G. S. Bale, B.A. '97, is teaching in 
Kincardine, Ont. 

S. W. Perry, B.A. '81, is teaching in 
Kincardine, Ont. 

T. E. Elliott, B.A. '87, is teaching 
at Wardsville, Ont. 

G. E. Will, B.A. '99, is teaching in 
Niagara Falls, Ont. 

G. McDougall, B.A. '99, is teaching 
at Kemptville, Ont. 

Wallace Elmslie, B.A. '00, is teach- 
ing in Arthur, Ont. 



A. W. Keith, B.A. '00, is teaching 
in Leamington, Ont. 

W. H. Thompson, B.A. '00, is teach- 
ing in Goderich, Ont. 

Miss E. J. Guest, B.A. '99, is teach- 
ing in Parkhill, Ont. 

Miss M. A. Smith, B.A. '99, is teach- 
ing at Wardsville, Ont. 

A. H. Gibbard, B.A. '87, is teaching 
at Niagara Falls, South. 

G. A. Kingston, B.A. '99, is teach- 
ing in Campbellford, Ont. 

David L. Walmsley, M.D. '66, is 
practising medicine in Detroit. 

Miss C. S. Wegg, B.A. '00, is teach- 
ing in the State of Kentucky. 

Richard Carney, M.B. '69, is prac- 
tising medicine in Windsor, Ont. 

Miss H. B. Alexander, B.A. '99, of 
Gait, is teaching in Elora, Ont. 

Miss E. M. Sealey, B.A. '99, is teach- 
ing in the Model School, Toronto. 

Miss A. M. Morrison, B.A. '99, is 
teaching at Niagara Falls South, Ont. 

Frank H. Wood, B.A. '01, is on the 
staff of the Auditor-General, Ottawa. 

F. G. Wait, B.A. '87, M.A. '89, is 
practising medicine in Windsor, Ont. 

Miss A. C. Macdonald, B.A. '01, is 
secretary of the Y.W.C.A. in Ottawa. 

N. E. Hinch, B.A. '98, who was teach- 
ing in Kingston, has gone to Barrie, 
Ont. 

Miss J. E. Macdonald, B.A. '01, is 
teaching at St. Margaret's College, 
Toronto. 

M. L. Rush, B.A. '96, who was teach- 
ing in Chesley, Ont., has removed to 
Paris, Ont. 

H. R. Carveth, B.A. '96, is instructor 
in Physical Chemistry at Cornell 
University. 

Miss E. J. Taylor, B.A. '99, who was 
teaching in Comber, has removed to 
Dutton, Ont. 

Miss Weaver, B.A. '00, is teaching 
in Bishop Strachan's School, College 
St., Toronto. 

Professor Chapman is living in 
England at " The Pines,'' Hampton- 
wick, Surrey. 

Jas. M. McKinlay, B.A. '98, who has 
been teaching in Parkhill, has re- 
moved to Forest, Ont. 

W. B. Weidenhammer, B.A. '96, who 
was teaching in Wardsville, Ont., has 
removed to Berlin, Ont. 

Miss Alice Willson, B.A. '94, has left 
Havergal Hall and is living on 
Parliament St., Toronto. 



TORONTONENSIA 



5T 



R. H. A. Haslam, B.A. '99, is an 
Anglican clergyman stationed at St. 
John, N.B. 

Rev. Solomon Cleaver, B.A. '79, D.D., 
is the new pastor of Sherbourne Street 
Methodist Church, Toronto. 

R. N. Merritt, B.A. '98, who was 
teaching in Norwood, Ont., has re- 
moved to Markham, Ont. 

J. W. Baird, B.A. '97, has a fellow- 
ship at Cornell University in the 
Department of Psychology. 

A. M. Burnham, B.A. '98, who was 
teaching in Lucan High School, has 
removed to Collingwood, Ont. 

G. V. Maclean, B.A. '93, M.A. '96, who 
has been te'aching at Markham, Ont., 
has removed to Harriston, Ont. 

Graeme M. Stewart, B.A. '00, is a 
geologist in the employ of P. H. 
Clergue at Sault Ste. Marie, Ont. 

B. K. Sandwell, B.A. '97, late editor 
of the Hamilton Post, is now on the 
editorial staff of the Montreal Herald. 

Percy C. Dobson, B.A. '00, of Cale- 
donia, has been appointed first assist- 
ant master in the Caledonia, Ont., 
high school. 

W. A. Hare, B.A.Sc., is on the 
Mechanical Engineering staff of the 
Lackawana Iron & Steel Co., Buffalo, 
N.Y. 

A. T. Steele, M.B. '01, of Orangeville, 
has been appointed to the staff of St. 
Joseph's Hospital, Paterson, New 
Jersey. 

L. R. Whiteley, B.A. '00, of Clinton, 
Ont., has been appointed junior Eng- 
lish master in the Collegiate Institute, 
St. Thomas, Ont 

Miss Grace Hunter, B.A. '98, is in- 
structor in English at the School of 
Elocution, in connection with the 
Conservatory of Music. 

J. H. Lemon, B.A. '98, a recent 
graduate of Knox College, has 
accepted a call to Laskay and West 
King, Ont., and was inducted Nov. 21st. 

E. D. Carder, B.A. '96, M.B. '00, who 
was last year on tfie staff of the 
Toronto General Hospital, is now 
stlrgeon on the C.P.R. steamer Tartar. 

A. H. R. Fairchild, B.A. '00, who 
held a scholarship at the University 
of Wisconsin last year, has received a 
scholarship in the University of Yale. 



Rev. F. D. Roxburgh, B.A. '94, M.A. 
'97, of Norwood, was on Sept. 3rd, 
1901, inducted into the pastoral charge 
of Smithville by the Hamilton Pres- 
bytery. 

J. R. Stanley, M.B. '99, who has been 
in charge of the Railroad Hospital at 
Fort Francis, Ont., for the past nine 
months, has commenced practice in St. 
Mary's, Ont. 

J. S. Wren, B.A. '99, of the Lucan 
High School staft has been appointed 
first assistant mathematical and com- 
mercial master of the Dundas, Ont.. 
High School. 

The Alumnae of the University of 
Toronto in New York, numbering 
eighteen, have decided to form a 
branch of the Alumnae Association 
in that city. 

M. A. Shaw, B.A. '96, M.A., who was 
last year fellow in Psychology at the 
University of Wisconsin, has received 
a scholarship at Harvard University, 
Cambridge, Mass. 

A. H. Montgomery, B.A. '98, M.B. '01, 
and B. A. Cohoe, B.A. '98, M.B. '01, are 
assistant demonstrators in the Depart- 
ment of Anatomy in Cornell Univer- 
sity Medical College. 

W. D. Love, B.A. '98, is secretary- 
treasurer, and Alex. H. Smith, S. P. S., 
is mining engineer, of the Los Reyes 
Gold Mining and Milling Co., at San 
Miguel Peras, Mexico. 

G. K. Mills, B.A. '95, has been ap- 
pointed to the principalship of 
Collingwood, Ont., Collegiate Institute, 
from which W. Williams retired after 
nearly thirty years' service. 

The Toronto Astronomical Society 
announces that A. T. Delury, B.A., 
Lecturer in Mathematics, University 
of Toronto, will deliver a course of 
lectures under its auspices in elemen- 
tary astronomy, which will be open to 
the public. 

The Collegiate Board, of Woodstock, 
Ont, has filled the two vacancies on 
the staff, appointing Miss Annie Ash- 
well. B.A. '98, now of Kincardine; and 
E. H. A. Watson, B.A. '00, of Bradford. 

A. W. Crawford, B.A. '95, is taking 
post-graduate work in the Department 
of Philosophy, at Cornell University, 
and is assistant editor of the 
Philosophical Review, which is edited 
by President J. G. Schurman, who 
is also a Canadian. 



58 



UNIVERSITY OF TORONTO MONTHLY 



A. F. Aylesworth, B.A. '01; E. P. 
Brown, B.A. '01; G. M. Clark, B.A. '01; 
J. B. Coyne, B.A. '01; H. M. P. 
Deroche, B.A. '01; H. W. Greene, B.A. 
'01; F. D. Hogg, B.A. '01; J. J. 
Mulcahy, B.A. '01; H. L. Lazier, B.A. 
'01, and J. E. Robertson, B.A. '01, 
have entered the Law School at 
Osgoode Hall. 

Alex. Skinner, B.A. '83, who prac- 
tised law at Meaford and Thornbury, 
Ont., for some years, and more 
recently at Edmonton, N.W.T., is 
reported as having died from wounds, 
near Vryburg in South Africa, on the 
12th inst. While at the University 
Mr. Skinner was a member of the 
Queen's Own Rifles. 

The head office of the Berlin Fire 
Insurance Company having been 
recently removed from Berlin to 
Toronto, F. Clement Brown, B.A. '92, 
M.A. '94, Managing Director of the 
company is now living in Toronto. 
Mr. Brown was appointed to his 
present position in '98, and in the 
same year he married Miss M. G. 
Evans of Picton, Ont. 

The following school-teachers having 
attended the Royal School of Infan- 
try at Toronto, and having passed 
the required examination, have been 
awarded certificates as instructors in 
squad and company drill, and the 
manual and firing exercises for the 
Lee-Enfield rifle: A. Pearson, B.A. '95; 
H. R. Scovell, B.A. '95; G. W. Keith, 
B.A. '97; C. E. Race, B.A. '97; M. R. 
Reid, B.A. '95; E. H. A. Watson, B.A. 
'00; J. S. Wren, B.A. '99; R. Wight- 
man, B.A. '97; L. J. Clark, B.A. '82. 

In a recent letter to a friend in 
Toronto, B. "A. Cohoe, B.A., M.B., 
who is an assistant in the Department 
of Anatomy in Cornell University 
Medical College, .speaks of the high 
regard in which anatomists, trained 
in the University of Toronto are held 
throughout the United States, and says 
that there will soon be two vacancies 
in Cornell University in the Depart- 
ment of Anatomy. A new Medical 
building is in course of construction 
at Cornell, which when completed will 
afford ideal conditions for work. 



George H. Locke, B.A. '93, M.A. 
'96, B. Paed. '96, professor of Education 
in the University of Chicago, spent 
some time in Toronto last summer. 
Prof. Locke delivered one of the 
addresses at the summer convocation 
of the University of the State of New 
York, held in the Senate chamber, 
Capitol building, Albany, and later 
took part in the National Educational 
Association convention in Detroit. 

John McKay, B.A. '99, who has been 
studying in Glasgow for the past two 
years, spent part of last summer with 
Professor George Adam Smith, 
travelling in Palestine, and is now 
writing an account of the tour. In a 
recent letter to a friend in Toronto 
Mr. McKay writes: " I am finding out 
every day how much I owe the Depart- 
ment of Psychology in the University 
of Toronto. The University of Toronto 
is far in advance of anything in 
Scotch Universities in Philosophy, so 
far as I know. Psychology they have 
none." 

Another young Canadian, J. H. 
Cornyn, B.A. '93, is now known as a 
writer of stories of Mexico and Mexi- 
can life. Of two volumes now in 
press one is a collection of short 
stories of the Mexican people, and the 
other of Mexican fairy tales. These 
stories, or fairy tales, are all based 
upon the early Aztec history, which 
is full of the marvellous. Prof. 
Cornyn is an honour graduate of the 
University in Modern Languages, and 
is now director of the American 
College in Mexico, and editor of the 
Tierra de Mexico, a paper published 
in Spanish. 



Marriages. 

Browne - Carlyle W. Graham 
Browne, B.A. '98, was married to Miss 
Edna B. Carlyle, in Toronto, on the 
14th inst. 

Hough-Turville F. A. Hough, bar- 
rister, Amherstburg, Ont., son of Dr. 
Hough of Toronto, was married Oct. 
23rd to Miss S. T. Turville, of 
Amherstburg. 



THE CARSWELL, COMPANY, LIMITED, PRINTERS. 




GEORGE PAXTON YOUNG, L.L.D. 

Professor of Logic, Metaphysics and Ethics in University College, 

1871-1889. 
Born, 1819; died, February 26th, 1889. 



THE 



UNIVERSITY OF TORONTO MONTHLY 



VOL. II. 



DECEMBER, 1901. 



No. 3. 



TABLE OF CONTENTS. 



,' 



PAGE 

George Paxton Young, LL.D. By 
JohnMacDonaldDuncan,B. D.,B.A. 

Professor Young in the Lecture 
Room. By W. H. Blake, B.A 

The New Science Building. By Prof- 
essor Coleman .... 

Dr. McCurdy's Recent Book. By 
Professor John E. McFadyen - 

Huxley and Tyndall and the Univer- 
sity of .Toronto. By Professor A . 
E. Macallum 

Torontonensia : 

Reunion of the Class of 1881 - 



G9 



Knox College Alumni 

Athletics 

News from the Classes 

Campus and Corridor 

Personals 

Marriages 

Deaths 

Kent County Alumni 

Medioal Dinner 

University College Dinner 

Recent Faculty Publication 



PAGE 

79 

- 82 
85 

- 84 
87 

- 88 
88 

- 86 
80 

- 80 
82 



77 



EDITOEIAL. 

The thirty-six page supplement, "Early Days of the Univer- 
sity," by His Honour Judge Boys, Senior County Judge of the 
County of Simcoe, sent with this issue of the University 
of Toronto MONTHLY, to members of the Alumni Association 
whose fees are not more than six months overdue, is pubished by 
the kindness of Dr. Reeve, President of the Alumni Association, 
and Mr. I. H. Cameron, Chairman of the Editorial Committee. 

Biographical sketches of the late Professor George Paxton 
Young, with portrait, appear in this issue, and will be fol- 
lowed by one of the late H. H. Wright, M.D., the first Pro- 
fessor of Medicine in the University of Toronto, in January; and 
of the late President, Sir Daniel "Wilson, in February. The por- 
traits of Dr. McCaul and Professor Croft have already been pub- 
lished. 

New subscribers sending in their names before January 15th 
will receive copies of the MONTHLY containing portraits already 
published. 



GO IXIVERSITY OF TOBONTO MONTHLY. 

GEORGE PAXTON YOUNG, LL.D. 

BY JOHN MACDONALD DUNCAN, B.D., B.A. 

THE subject of this brief sketch was the son of a clergyman of 
the Presbyterian Church; and was born in the year 1811) 
at Berwick-upon-Tweed, where he pursued his studies at the 
High School, preparatory to entering the University of Edin- 
burgh. Among his school-mates was William kelson, the emi- 
nent Scottish publisher, who was the classical gold-medallist of 
the High School and passed into the University to become his 
most successful rival, especially in Latin Prose composition. 
In 1847 Professor Young came to Canada, and in 1850 became 
the minister of Knox Church, Hamilton, where he remained 
until 1853. During the next eleven years he filled in succes- 
sion various professorial chairs in Knox College, Toronto. His 
great versatility was shown by his lecturing in almost every 
department of study pursued in the college. The high place 
which he holds in the memory of those connected with 
this institution was shown in 1894, when an oil portrait 
was unveiled in its Convocation Hall by the late Professor R. Y. 
Thompson, and presented to the College, to take its place 
among the excellent collection which adorns its walls. In 1864 
he retired from his professorship, but subsequently took for a 
time the chief charge of the preparatory department of the same 
institution. 

After the final severance of his connection with Knox Col- 
lege, his services were secured by the Education Department of 
Ontario. To him was assigned by Dr. Ryerson, the Chief Super- 
intendent of Education, the difficult and delicate task of reorgan- 
izing the Grammar Schools of the Province, a task which he 
performed with admirable tact and skill. In one capacity or 
another he retained his connection with the Department of 
Education, under Dr. Ryerson and two successive Ministers, 
until his death. In 1871 he was appointed to .succeed Dr. 
Beaven in the Chair of Logic, Metaphysics, and Ethics of Uni- 
versity College. This position he held uutil he died, on the 
26th of February, 1889. 

The varied range of Professor Young's attainments was the 
admiration and astonishment of all who knew him. One of 
his most distinguished pupils characterized him as "one of the 
most widely learned men of his age." It was literally true of 
him that he might have filled .the Chair of Mathematics or that 
of Classics, or that of Oriental Languages as efficiently as he 
filled the Chair* of Philosophy. His published papers on mathe- 
matical subjects, relating chiefly to the Theory of Equations, 



GEORGE PAXTOX YOUNG, LL.D. 61 

and especially his researches in connection with Quintic Equa- 
tions, entitle him to a high place among mathematicians. He 
arrived at results by methods wholly his own. Indeed, lie was 
accustomed to say that his work had to be original because he 
was unacquainted with the usual processes of other mathemati- 
cians. The publication of these results in the American Journal 
of Mathematics excited great interest in mathematical circles in 
Europe, as well as on this Continent. The originality of his 
mind showed itself to the very last in arriving, by methods of 
his own, at results which he did not know had already been 
reached by others. In this way, for example, he discovered for 
himself the essential principles of Quaternions. In Philosophy 
his independence was equally remarkable. At a comparatively 
late period in life he became acquainted with the works of T. H. 
Green. For years previously, however, he had been teaching 
to his classes views identical with those of the great Oxford 
philosopher. From mathematics to poetry is a far cry, but his 
wide knowledge and discriminating judgment of the latter were 
as evident as his mastery of the former. His mathematical 
colleague, Professor Cherriman, pronounced him the most re- 
markable mathematician that ever lived. His colleague 
in English literature, Sir Daniel Wilson, said that his 
critical appreciation of the poets surprised those who had 
fancied him a mere metaphysician. No one who has heard 
him will forget the keen enjoyment with which he would repeat, 
while lecturing on Plato's theory concerning the pre-existence 
of the soul, Wordsworth's exquisite lines commencing, "Our 
birth is but a sleep and a forgetting." In the realm of philoso- 
phy his penetrating insight, his matchless power of exposition, 
and his critical acumen found their noblest sphere. President 
F. L. Patton, of Princeton, declared him to be "the greatest 
dialectician of the nineteenth century." His exposition of the 
doctrine of sensitive perception by Sir William Hamilton, in his 
edition of Reid's works, is unsurpassed for clearness and thor- 
oughness. His lecture on "Freedom and Necessity," in which 
lie dwelt with the theories of Jonathan Edwards, John Locke, 
and John Stuart Mill, and assailed the "Liberty of Indiffer- 
ence," was characterized by Calderwood as "a fine example 
of clear definition, critical acumen, and true appreciation of the 
difficulties besetting the problem." His demonstration that 
materialism is '"unproved, improvable, and absurd," established 
on a firm and immovable foundation the belief of many a stu- 
dent in spiritual reality. Those who sat at his feet caught the- 
tilow of his intense enthusiasm for the right. 



62 UNIVERSITY OF TORONTO MONTHLY. 

Professor Young was a prince among teachers. There are 
scores who owe to him their intellectual life. He taught men 
to think. He educated in the highest sense by drawing out of 
his students, with consummate skill, the things which he wished 
them to see. Perhaps there is no better evidence of Professor 
Young's greatness as a teacher than his ability to place himself 
in the intellectual position of those with whom he had to deal. 
A most competent witness said of him that he was equally con- 
versant with the manner of thought of the honour student in 
metaphysics and of the child grappling with an Entrance exam- 
ination poper, that he seemed to comprehend instinctively the 
mental attitude of the High School pupil, as* well as of the first- 
class teacher. In his reply to an address presented to him by 
his students on the seventieth anniversary of his birth, he said: 
"The address has spoken of me as a truth-seeker, and such I 
am. I have sought with all the earnestness of my nature to find 
truth for your sake and my own. I have had no other purpose 
but to know the truth and make it known." His lectures were 
never mere stale repetition of ideas, which had lost for himself 
their freshness and power. It was only a little while before his 
death that he was lecturing to his class on the philosophy of 
Locke, Berkeley, and Hume, and showed to the writer an en- 
tirely new method of dealing with the opinions of this school. 

Greater even than the influence of Professor Young's intellec- 
tual powers on those who came into contact with him was that 
of the thorough transparency and child-like simplicity of his 
character. One of his favorite poems was Whittier's " Eternal 
Goodness," and those who heard him read it could not fail to real- 
ize that in the words of the poet he found the expression of his 
own deepest feelings and firmest convictions. 

Few teachers have enjoyed the personal affection of their 
pupils to the same extent as Professor Young. For years 1 he was 
to many a graduate the strongest tie that bound him to his 
Alma-Mater. There are many who can bear testimony to his 
personal kindness and readiness to give practical help. In his 
reply to the address of students, already noticed, he said : "I 
wish that you may all meet with success, both in college life and 
afterwards, and that it may be your aim to live noble, God-fear- 
ing lives, and that old age may find you famed, honoured and 
beloved." Many lives are richer to-day through the memory of 
his kindly interest, and 'though his voice has long been stilled, 
many hearts will thrill with the inspiration of the love for the 
true and good that came to them through the example of his pure 
life, even more powerfully than through his peerless intellect. 



GEOEGE PAXTON YOUNG, LL.D. 



G3 



Professor Young was once compared to Wordsworth's "Happy 
Warrior." I 

" Who not content that former worth stand fast, 
Looks forward, persevering to the last 
From well to better, daily self surpassed." 

The comparison was prophetic. Up to even a few days be- 
fore his death he met his classes and conducted his work with 
unflagging zeal and unfailing interest. I shall never forget 
the chill .February day, when, on going to the College, I was 
informed that Professor Young was ill and had just entered a 
carriage to be driven to his home. I hastened to the carriage 
to see if I could be of any service, but, without speaking, the 
Professor declined the offer with a motion of the hand. The 
next time I saw that face was in Convocation Hall, where the 
great teacher lay still and cold in death. I cannot forbear quot- 
ing the words spoken by one who knew him intimately and loved 
him well, and who, like myself, was an earnest seeker after truth. 
The late Eev. D. J. Macdonell said: "I could not help feeling, 
.as 'I looked at the body robed in the academic gown which he 
had worn in the class-room, and sa,w the cap laid on the coffin- 
lid, as if some great military hero were being laid to rest. And 
had he not been a true soldier, inspiring men and leading them 
on in the battle of truth against falsehood, of reality against 
shams and hypocrisies, of God and immortality against all that 
would degrade and belittle humanity?" 



PROFESSOR YOUNG IN HIS LECTURE-ROOM. 

BY W. H. BLAKE, B.A. 

T O teacher held more firmly that "man is endogenous and edu- 
cation is his unfolding" than George Paxton Young, and 
none applied the principle more consistently. He set little 
store upon the heaping of fact on fact., of opinion on opinion, 
but welcomed any sign of mental life in those before him. In 
a paper of his on u Moral Philosophy, 7> among half a dozen 
questions one was based on Cousin's book. To this question 
one of the examined devoted the whole allotted time, and more- 
over wrote his answer in French. The Professor gave him his 
honours, and complimented him in class on the manner in which 
he had dealt with the subject, and on his excellent French style. 
Alone (I think) among the Lecturers of his time he kept no 
record of the attendance of his students, nor indeed was there 



64 UNIVERSITY OF TORONTO MONTHLY. 

need to. No member of his class was willingly absent, and 
frequently others attended for the rare pleasure of hearing him 
lecture. 

Metaphysics was to him a present training for the mind, rather 
than a subject to be pursued in after life as a study or recreation. 
It was as a means and not as an end, I believe, that he regarded 
it. He told us that if we had learned to read a book and had 
learned nothing more at the end of our second year, yet our time 
had been excellently well spent. 

Can any one forget the first reading of Locke under the 
guidance of that powerful and acute mind, and the radical 
change of point of view which went with it? After labouring* 
through those appalling pages. of Kant where he expounds the 
"'synthetical unity of the manifold in intuition which antecedes 
a priori all determinate thought 77 till the brain was dizzy, and 
the words had lost their meaning, how the light streamed in 
when "Paxy" stood before the board! What magic it was! 
That never-to-be-forgotten ribbon, red at one end and blue at the 
other; those strange little diagrams; the alephs and beths and 
gimels and daleths; the little round-headed arrows! Surely 
never was simpler equipment to convey and explain involved 
thought. 

The Professor's voice was unmusical, discordant even, yet 
he quoted the Bible and Shakespeare with rare impressiveness. 
There was understanding, sympathy, and the earnest wish to 
arouse in other minds the series of images so vividly pictured in 
his own. 

Such questions as the freedom of the will involved in their 
consideration the removal of so many landmarks that the theo- 
logical landscape lost its familiar features. I recollect a per- 
plexed and distressed Divinity student breaking in upon a lec- 
ture to suggest that such and such a line of reasoning would 
lead at the last to atheism. Young pushed his spectacles up on 
that majestic dome of a forehead, looked at him in silence for a 
moment, then stood to his full height while his chest swelled out, 
and with extended hand and closed eyes he gave this confession 
of faith: 

" I believe in God, the Father Almighty, the Maker of Heaven 
and Earth." 

Slowly the hand dropped, the eyes opened, the spectacles 
were replaced, and he turned to the blackboard, perhaps not 
wotting that in the instant he had for one at least formulated 
a creed. Though without doubt a profoundly religious man, I 



PROFESSOE YOUXG IN HIS LECTURE ROOM. 65 

know of no other occasion upon which he made reference to his 
beliefs. 

The Professor had a gentle and kindly humour, and the 
Scotchman's quick and keen appreciation of a joke. (The 
Scotchman sees a joke and does not laugh at it; the Englishman 
laughs and does not see the joke). A member of his class was 
much companioned by a small dog who came to be a regular 
attendant at the morning lectures, but, it was imagined, with- 
out the Professor's knowledge. The dog's master being some- 
what late one morning and the dog himself being detained 
by affairs of his own, they arrived separately, and the clog found 
the familiar door closed. It was not his way to wait in patience, 
and -he began to scratch and whine in a very genteel but per- 
fectly audible fashion, to the great distress of mind of his master 
within. The Professor's eyes twinkled as he glanced towards 
the door and then towards the owner of the dog. "I think, 
Mr. - , that you had better let the Cynic philosopher in." 

Gone and forgotten are 

" The Generations of Devout and Learned." 

" Barbara celarent darii ferioque prioris " 

has become a meaningless jingle, bill for us still lives in the 
memory of George Paxton Young so much of wisdom and of 
goodness as one is not like to meet in mortal man again. 



THE NEW SCIENCE BUILDING. 

BY A. P. COLEMAN, M.A., PH.D. 

THE symposium on the new Science building in the last num- 
ber of the University of Toronto MONTHLY shows the gen- 
eral good-will of the writers toward the long-neglected Geological 
Department of the University of Toronto, and gives useful sug- 
gestions regarding the planning of the building; but, uninten- 
tionally, a false impression of the actual condition of the present 
teaching of Mineralogy and Geology in the University is con- 
veyed in the article by President Mills. While it is true that 
the department has been starved as to equipment and left with- 
out proper rooms and with an absurdly small staff; yet it is only 
fair to say that in spite of these hampering conditions the work 
done has been respectable, and has steadily advanced in character 
during the past few years. Xo important side of Mineralogy 
or Geology has been neglected, and the honour students of the 
Department have gone out fairly trained for field work. That 



66 UNIVERSITY OF TORONTO MONTHLY. 

this is true is shown by the fact that the recent honour gradu- 
ates have had no trouble in securing positions as field geologists 
and are now engaged in that capacity. That the work done has 
reached so good a level in spite of adverse circumstances is 
largely due to the industry and energy of Dr. Parks, who has 
taken charge of most of the laboratory work. 

As to the statement that not many distinguished geologists 
or mineralogists have been turned out, this is naturally true 
of our younger graduates, who have not yet had time to show 
their mettle; but considering the small number of the older 
graduates of the Department, who obtained their training under 
Professor Chapman, the number who have won distinction is 
decidedly creditable. Among them are Dr. Andrew C. Law- 
son, one of the most prominent geologists in the Western States 
and head of the geological department of California State 
University, Mr. J. B. Tyrrell^ who has done admirable work as 
field geologist in the Canadian survey, and Professors Mont- 
gomery of Trinity and Miller of .Queen's University ; all men of 
whom we have reason to be proud. 

Thus far reference has been made to the geological work in 
the Arts side of the University; but from the suggestion made 
that Toronto has not done its duty in training mining engineers, 
it is evident that the position of the School of Practical Science 
as the Applied Science Department of the University has been 
misapprehended. It should be clearly understood that however 
the Arts side of the work has been starved, the engineering 
side has been kept well up to the mark, and does not suffer by 
comparison (with that of other Canadian universities. In the 
early days of the School the course in Mining Engineering was 
not separated from that in Civil 'Engineering, the two covering 
in many respects the same ground, so that the number of gradu- 
ates who had taken up Mining /Engineering is somewhat 
uncertain. I 

It is known, however, that at least twenty-one of the older 
engineers are at work at mining or metallurgy, most of them in 
Canada, but some in South Africa and other countries. Some 
of them have been very successful. In 1893 the Department 
of Mining Engineering was separated from that of Civil Engi- 
neering, so that from this time definite statistics are available. 

The first diplomas in the'-Department were given in 1896, and 
the total number granted up to the present is twenty-eight, so 
that all told at least forty-nine mining engineers have received 
their training in Toronto. Since the separation of the Depart- 



THE NEW SCIENCE BUILDING. 67 

ments the Mining Engineering students have averaged one-fourth 
of the whole number in the School of Practical Science, and at 
present, out of a total of two .'hundred and ninety in attendance, 
seventy are in the mining course. It is an encouraging fact, 
showing how mining is advancing in Canada, that for the last 
year or two there have been more applications for men than 
there have been graduates to fill the positions. It will be under- 
stood, of course, that the present article is not intended to show 
that Mineralogy, Geology, and Mining Engineering are as well 
provided for as they should be in the University of Toronto. 
On the contrary, the Geological Department has been shame- 
fully neglected, as President Mills says in language none too 
strong. And it may be added that the Mining and Metallurgical 
Department of the School of Practical Science has completely 
-outgrown its cramped quarters. 

That fair work has been done in Mineralogy and Geology 
under circumstances of exceptional difficulty and by men who 
have received only pittances for their persevering labour is a 
powerful argument for putting things on a proper basis; and 
we have every right to rejoice that at last the Government is 
preparing to house Mineralogy, Geology, and Mining Engineer- 
ing in a suitable building with proper equipment and museums, 
and to provide a reasonable increase of the staff to take care of 
subjects so important to the growth of Ontario and of the 
Dominion. 



DE. McCUKDY'S RECENT BOOK* 

BY JOHN B. McPADYEN, M.A., B.A. (OxON.) 

THIS work is the only attempt yet made to narrate in connect- 
ed form the ancient history of Western Asia. The main pur- 
pose is to tell the story of Israel, as determined by external as well 
as internal factors or forces. The people who chiefly moulded the 
character of Israel and influenced its career were the Babylon- 
ians and Assyrians, the Aramaeans of Syria, the communities 
of Palestine proper, and the Egyptians. 

The historical development of these peoples is traced as they 
bore their parts severally in preparing the way for Israel, in 

* History, Prophecy, and the Monuments, or Israel and the Nations, 
"by James Frederick McCurdy, Ph.D., L.L.D., Professor of Oriental 
Languages in University College, Toronto. 1901. \ 



OS CXIYERSITY OF TOKOXTO MONTHLY. 

shaping its career in Palestine and in contributing to its down- 
fall as a nation. Before the appearance of Israel in history, 
a comparatively recent event, some of these peoples, especially 
the Babylonians and the Egyptians, had run a long career of 
their own, and this is given in outline because it was, in a very 
important sense, a preparation for Israel, which, although one 
of the smallest of Asiatic nations, had a history more tragic and 
fascinating than any other, and more influential in the educa- 
tion of the world. The story of the nations during the later 
period is interwoven with that of Israel in accordance with the 
complicated course of the history of the time, until the end of 
the exile in Babylonia, after which Israel became a church rather 
than a nation. 

All available sources are drawn upon for the narrative and 
for the reconstruction of the history according to the laws of 
historical progress. A special distinction of the work is the 
amount of essential material as well as of illustration drawn from 
the cuneiform inscriptions, and the monuments of Oriental 
antiquity which have come to light during the last half century. 

At the same time, the inner development of Israel is traced 
as a matter of equal and co-ordinate importance. A main fea- 
ture here is the part played by Hebrew prophecy as the saving* 
and potential factor in the life of the people. Its relation to 
the social progress and political fortunes of Israel, and, indirectly, 
its significance for the whole future of mankind, are constantly 
kept in view. As of secondary, but still great importance, the 
influence of the priesthood is historically considered. Am elabo- 
rate treatment is also accorded to the constitution of the Hebrew 
government in its various stages, and to the life of the people 
in its sociological and moral aspects. 

The book is an original and fascinating interpretation of the 
political, social, and religious life that beats behind the bald 
facts offered by the histories and the monuments. The sections 
dealing with the Hebrew prophets are particularly fine examples 
of interpretative insight. 



HUXLEY AXD TYXDALL AXD THE UXTVERSITY OF 

TORONTO. 

BY A. B. MACALLUM, B.A., M.D., PH. D. 

THAT Huxley and Tyndall were applicants on one occasion 
for professorships in the University of Toronto is of course 
known to every graduate of the University for the last genera- 



HUXLEY AND TYNDALL. 



69 



tion; but when they applied or for what chairs was not equally 
widely or definitely known; nor was any information ever offered 
as to why such candidates were rejected and others appointed. 
This situation was due in a large part, not to any lack of interest 
or curiosity on such a matter, but to the circumstances that a 
good part of the desired information was locked up in official 
documents, some of which, kept in the University Kegistrar's 
office, were destroyed in the fire of 1890, while others, perhaps of 
less value and interest because of their merely formal character, 
are inaccessible in the Departments at Ottawa. Further, beyond 
some passing references to the fact that they both had been 
candidates for Toronto professorships and were rejected, neither 
Huxley nor Tyndall ever made any public statement which gave 
information from their side. 

As the promised "Life" of Tyndall, who died in 1893, has 
not yet appeared, and the short account given by his wife in 
the Dictionary of IsTational Biography contains only a brief 
allusion to the application for the Toronto post, we shall have 
to wait for a while in order to gain a clear view of the factors 
which caused the rejection of his application. In regard, 
however, to Huxley's candidature, the "Life and Letters" by 
his son, Leonard Huxley, published last year,* contain a number 
of references to the Toronto episode which,, when put beside 
the records of the University Senate for 1851 and 1852, make it 
possible, except on certain points, to understand what took place. 
These records are now about fifty years old and on the principle 
that rules in the publication of historical archives, I may be 
allowed to bring some extracts from these old documents to 
liirht, and to show that in this matter of University appoint- 
ments it is not true that "the former times were better than 
these." 

In 1849, by what is known as the Baldwin University Act, 
the University of King's College was converted into the Uni- 
versity of Toronto. That Act provided that the Senate of the 
University should determine the number of professorships in 
each faculty and should also, to a certain extent, Lave a voice 
in the choice of the occupants of the varies Chairs. For this 
purpose the Caput or Council, consisting of five members, four 
of whom were to be the President of the University and the 

* Life and Letters of Tlwmas Henry Huxley. By his son, Leonard 
Huxley. Macmillan & Co., London. D. Appleton & Co., New York. The 
sketch accompanying this paper is reproduced with th'e special per- 
mission of Messrs. Appleton & Co., the American Copyright publish- 
ers.) 



* 
70 UNIVERSITY OF TOKONTO MONTHLY. 

Deans of the three Faculties of Law, Medicine and Arts, were 
to advertise for applications for the vacant professorships, and 
on a fixed date after the receipt of these, to examine them and 
to report them to the Senate with such recommendations as 
appeared proper. The Senate then were to consider this report 
and to select from the list of candidates for each vacancy the 
names of three for submission in the order of qualification and 
merit to the Governor-General, who was to make the appointment 
from the names so submitted and from these alone. 

In 1850 an Act amending the Act of 1849 in certain respects 
was passed, one clause of which will be found referred to in 
the minutes of the Senate quoted below, and known as section 
4, of 13 & 14 Vic., chap. 49, and which empowered the Caput 
to go outside the list of those applying for a vacant Chair, and 
report "the names of any men of distinguished literary or 
scientific reputation, whose accession to such Chair would, in 
their opinion, be an acquisition to the public character of the 
University as a seat of learning, and who they may have ascer- 
tained, or have reason to believe, would accept of such if offered 
to them/' and if the Senate should agree to this report the names 
thus reported were to be added. to the three selected from the 
regular applicants, for submission to the Governor-General who 
was to select from the names so submitted. 

Early in 1851 the Senate of the University by statute created 
five separate chairs in History and English Literature, Modern 
Languages, Natural Philosophy, Natural History, Geology and 
Mineralogy, and Civil Engineering, and in July of that year 
advertised in the Athenaeum for applications, to be made 
on or before November 19th of the same year, for the vacant 
professorships, the salary of each of which, except that of Civil 
Engineering, was to be 350 Halifax currency ($1,400), with 
.the probable addition of fees. 

There were not a few applicants for each post if the news- 
papers of the day are correct, but a complete list of those who 
applied for any one chair iis not obtainable. Only a few of 
them are named in the Senate records, which do not mention 
TyndalFs application, or even refer to him. Amongst those 
who were applicants for the Chair of Natural History were 
Huxley, then a surgeon in the, Admiralty service, and Professor 
William Hincks, of Queen's College, Cork, and brother of the 
late Sir Francis Hincks who in 1850-51 was a member of the 
University Senate, and from 1851 to 1854 Prime Minister of 
Canada. 



HUXLEY AND TYNDALL. 



71 



Huxley at the time of his application was in his twenty- 
seventh year, but had already accomplished as an investigator 
what would have sufficed to distinguish a veteran in science. 
He had after graduation from the University ,of London as 
M.B. in 1845 received the appointment of assistant surgeon 
to H.M.S. Rattlesnake, >a frigate detailed by the Admiralty 
to make an exploring expedition to New Guinea, which took 
four years and ended in 1850. How he spent his time may be 
inferred from the facts that before he returned to England the 
Royal and Zoological Societies published several very important 
papers by him, and that in 1850 and 1851 eleven memoirs 
appeared under his name, all based on material which he had 
prepared during the cruise. What he brought back was indeed 
so abundant that it took six years of unremitting labour to 
get all of it ready for publication. Some of the memoirs were 
of surpassing interest, and one is to-day regarded as a classic 
by morphologists. The extremely favourable reception with 
which his investigations met brought him at once on his return 
into prominence in the scientific world, and he was elected a 
Fellow of the Royal Society in the spring of 1851, and in 1852 
the Society awarded him the Royal Medal for having published 
the most valuable paper which had appeared in the three preced- 
ing years in the Philosophical Transactions. He was in the 
same year elected a member ;of the Council of the Society. 

Huxley's application for the Toronto Chair is dated October 
17th, 1851, and is very brief, running thus: 

" Gentlemen, As a candidate for the vacant Chair of Natural His- 
tory at the University of Toronto, I beg to submit the following testi- 
monials for your consideration. I have the honour to be, gentlemen, 
your obedient servant, Thomas H. Huxley, F.R.S. To the Caput and 
Senate of the University of Toronto." 

Then follow sixteen testimonials from Charles Darwin, 
Professors Owen, Allman, Edward Forbes, Wharton Jones, 
Sharpey, Milne-Edwards (of the University of France) and 
others who are not only now justly and greatly famed, but who 
were then on every hand regarded as leaders of the scientific 
world. All speak in the most eulogistic terms of Huxley's 
work as well as of himself personally, and they predict a great 
future for him. Several refer to his precision of language 
and clearness of exposition, and Professor Forbes testifies that 
Huxley "possesses in a remarkable degree the power a very 
essential one for the holder of a professorship of expounding 
his views orally, with perspicuity, readiness and eloquence." 
The unanimous testimony of those who sat under Professor 



72 UNIVERSITY OF TORONTO MONTHLY; 

Jluxlcy is that he was the clearest, the most forcible and most 
interesting lecturer they ever heard. 

In the " Life and Letters " we learn of the circumstances 
\\-liicli induced him to apply for the Chair. His salary as 
surgeon in the navy was small and the post itself, if he were 
called on for active sendee, excluded scientific work. Further 
he wished to be in a position to marry, his engagement to Miss 
Jlcathorn, who subsequently became his wife, having been made 
three years earlier. In the "Life and Letters" we further 
find the progress of his views regarding the Toronto Chair 
recorded in the letters to Mies Hea thorn and others which are 
therefore, of interest here. 

On July 29 [1851] he writes to Professor Henfrey: " What do you 
think of my looking out for a Professorship of Natural History at 
Toronto? Pay "350, with chances of extra fees. I think that out there 
one might live comfortably on that sum possibly even do the dome's- 
tic and cultivate the Loves and Graces as well as the Muses. 




Seriously, however, I should like to know what you think of it 
The chance of getting anything over here without devoting one's sel i 
of waning SeemS t0 me V6ry Sma11 ' At least U ^voives years 

tJf** 1 * n0t * V61 T mU . Ch Ut f the way ' and the ' P a y is Decent and 
would enable me to devote myself wholly to my favourite Diirmiif^ 
Were it in England I could wish nothing better; and" is TtMnk 
it would answer my purpose very well, for some years at any rate. 



HUXLEY AXD TYNDALL 73 

If they go fairly to work I think I shall have a very good chance 
of being elected; but I a"m told that these matters are often determined 
by petty intrigues." 

He finally decided to send in his application for the Toronto 
post, and in communicating his decision in a letter to his future 
wife he says: 

" There are, I learn, several other candidates, but no one I fear 
at all, if they only have fair play. There is no one of the others who 
can command anything like the scientific influence which is being 
exercised for me, whatever private influence they may have." 

In a later letter: 

" When I have once sent away my testimonials and done all that is 
to be done, I shall banish the subject from my mind and make myself 
quite easy as to results. For the present I confess to being somewhat 
anxious." 

He had learned that his newly-made friend, Tyndall, was a 
candidate for the Chair of Natural Philosophy in Toronto, and 
in a letter to him he makes a passing reference to the subject. 
" As to Toronto, I confess I am not very anxious about it. Sydney 
would have been far more' to my taste, and I confess I envy you what, 
as I hear, is the very good chance you have of going there." 

And again on May 7th of the next year: 

" I have heard nothing of Toronto, and I begin to think that the 
whole affair, University and all, is a myth." 

In a letter of May 3rd, 1852, to his sister: 

" Science in England does everything but pay. You may earn praise 
but not pudding. I have helping hands held out to me on all sides, 
but there is nothing to help me 1 to. Last year I became a candidate for 
a Professorship at Toronto. I took an infinity of trouble over the thing 
and got together a mass of testimonials and recommendations, much 
better than I had a right to expect. From that time to this I have 1 
heard nothing of the business a result for which I care the less, as 
I believe the Chair will be given to a brother of one of the members 
of the Canadian Ministry, who is, I hear, a candidate. Such a qualifi- 
cation as that is, of course, better than all the testimonials in the 
world. 5 ' 

What in detail was the reception which his application met 
with? On this point our only accessible source of information 
is the minutes of the Senate for 1852. The reports of the Caput 
which are referred to in these minutes were not made part of 
the latter. They probably perished in the University fire of 
1 890. In the minutes of the Senate meeting held on March 6th, 
1852, the report of the Caput on the Chairs of Natural History, 
Mineralogy and Geology, is recorded as received and read. A 
consideration of this report was postponed from meeting to 
meeting till August 3rd of the same year, when, as regards the 
Chair of Natural History, it was disposed of in the following 
minute : 

" Mr. Morrison, seconded by Dr. Hayes, move'd that the following 
candidates, viz.: Professor Hincks, Mr. Huxley and Dr. Ayres be selected 



74 VMVEKS1TY OF TOliONTO MONTHLY 

from the names reported by the Caput and be transmitted to his Excel- 
lency the Governor-General as the candidates under the 24th section 
12 Vic., ch. 82, and that the name of Dr. Knox be transmitted tinder 
the 4th' section 13 and 14 Vic. ch. 49, as the persons best qualified to fill 
the Chair of Natural History with advantage to the University. Which 
motion was carried." 

It will be observed that Huxley was ranked second after 
Professor Hincks, and according to "section 4, 13 & 14 Yic. 
chap. 49," Dr. Knox, though not an applicant, was regarded 
by the Senate as a man of distinguished literary or scientific 
reputation whose accession to the Chair of Natural History in 
the University of Toronto " would in their opinion be an acqui- 
sition to the public character of the University as a seat of learn- 
ing." Who Dr. Knox was I do not know, and I can obtain no 
information whatever concerning him. The same remark I 
may make about Dr. Ayres. 

On November 20th, 1852, the report of the Caput on the 
Chairs of Natural Philosophy, Modern Languages and History 
and English Literature was read: 

"The President, seconded by O. Mowat, Esq., moved: That the 
testimonials of Mr. Smith and Mr. Blythe be read. Which" motion was 
carried. The testimonials of these gentlemen were then read. Where- 
upon it was moved by the Rev. Dr. Jennings, seconded by the Rev. 
A. Lillie: That the Senate most respectfully depart from the report 
of the Caput relative to the candidates for the Chair of Natural Philos- 
ophy in the following respect, viz. : That the name of Mr. Blythe should 
upon investigation of all circumstances be placed as next after that of 
Mr. North 'for the following reason, the fact of his being a successful 
teacher in Mill Hill Grammar School, near London, for a period of more 
than five years, such experience as a teacher, in the opinion of the 
Senate, entitling Mr. Blythe in connection with the high order of his 
testimonials, to be so placed, and that the names of Mr. Cherriman, Mr. 
North and Mr. Blythe, be' selected as the three candidates for the 
Chair of Natural Philosophy and that such names be reported to His 
Excellency the Governor-General under the 4th clause 13 and 14 Vic. 
ch. 49 and that a copy of this resolution be transmitted to the Pro- 
vincial Secretary. Which motion was carried. Yeas: Professor Buck- 
land, Oliver Mowat, Esq., Joseph C. Morrison, Esq., the Rev. J. Jen- 
nings, the Rev. D. Willis, the Rev. Dr. Ryerson, and the Rev. A. 
Lillie. 7. Nays: The President, and Professors King, Beaumont, 
O'Brien and Connors." 

Who were Mr. Blythe and Mr. North? They are unknown 
in the scientific world. As the Caput must have reported three 
names, two of which seem to have been those of Messrs. Cherri- 
man and North, what was the third which, according to the 
the minute just quoted, was removed, and for which that of Mr. 
Blythe was substituted? "Was it John Tyndall? Or was Tyn- 
dall mentioned at all in the original report? No answer can as 
yet be given. 



HUXLEY AND TYNDALL 75 

In July, 1853, the Government appointed Professors Hincks 
and Cherriman to the respective Chairs of Natural History and 
Natural Philosophy. 

It is to be noted that Tyndall was in his thirty-second year 
when he applied, that in 1852 his researches had won him the 
F.R.S., and that in 1853 he was appointed a Professor of the 
Royal Institution, and therefore a colleague of the great Fara- 
day, whom he succeeded on the latter' s death as Director of the 
Royal Institution. 

It has sometimes been alleged that Huxley was rejected be- 
cause of his religious disbelief, but this is incorrect, since he 
had advanced neither in public, in his letters, nor in his writings, 
any views on religious questions before 1858. Further, he had 
not developed any such views when he was an applicant for the 
Toronto post. 

One considers "what might have been." Would Huxley have 
occupied the Toronto professorship long if he had received the 
appointment? In any case he certainly would have thrown an 
extraordinary amount of energy into the work of his depart- 
ment, and he would have become in Toronto as he did in London 
one of the few great Comparative Anatomists. He would have 
formed at Toronto perhaps the same views on ethical and religious 
questions, and perhaps, also, the University, because of this, would 
have been accused of encouraging religious disbelief or atheism. 
But it did not escape that accusation after all, for in the fifties 
and sixties it was not unfrequently charged that the University 
was a godless one and taught atheism, in proof whereof, amongst 
other things, it was pointed out that Professor Hincks, w r ho held 
the Chair of Natural History, was a clergyman of the Unitarian 
denomination! A member of the Legislature even went so far 
in his denunciation of the University as to compare it to the 
infamous Empress Messalina. 

Had Huxley and Tyndall received the appointments to the 
Toronto Chairs, their genius, their enthusiasm, and their high 
ideals regarding science, however short their stay in Toronto 
would have been, would have made them powerful agents in 
transforming the University in the fifties and sixties, a trans- 
formation which has taken place only in the last ten years. The 
"dry rot" which, in the opinion of earnest, influential friends of 
the institution, affected University College in the late sixties 
would have been averted and Toronto, as a seat of learning, to- 
day would more than rival the leading universities of this Con- 
tinent. 



7G UNIVERSITY OF TORONTO MONTHLY 

In recognizing all this, however, one must not severely judge 
the Caput arid Senate of 1852. Professors Hincks and C hern- 
man were scholars and gentlemen, and no criticism of their ap- 
pointment would ever have been made if Huxley and Tyndall 
had not been pitted against them as candidates for the Chairs. 
Wherein the Caput and Senate failed was in their ideal of a 
University, an ideal which comprehended something higher 
than the "Mill Hill Grammar School/' but, after all, only a 
"glorified High School/' And their ideal was the ideal of their 
generation. Evidence of this is to be found in the fact that in 
1853 and 1854 Huxley was rejected for Queen's College, Cork, 
Aberdeen, and King's College, London. It may be said also 
that no organization, no safeguard of Caput or Senate, could 
have stood the strain of political pressure that the Government 
of the day exerted, or could exert. It would be different to-day. 
That a safeguard was necessary to prevent the determination of 
University appointments by political considerations was the 
opinion of the Hon. Robert Baldwin. What he did not foresee 
was that the creation of a Caput as a safeguard against politics 
is useless, unless public opinion is educated and alert- 

Huxley's opinion of the Government control of University 
appointments is crisp and clear. In discussing the German 
University system of appointment, in a letter to the Times in 
1892, he observed : "In holding up the University of Berlin as 
our model, I think you fail to attach sufficient weight to the 
considerations that there is no Minister of Public Instruction 
in these realms; that a great many of us would rather have no 
University at all than one under the control of such a Minister, 
and whose highest representatives might come to be, not the 
fittest men, but those who stood foremost in the good graces of 
the powers, that be, whether Demos, Ministry, or Sovereign." 

How little he was in love with' Professorial control of appoint- 
ments may be gathered from another extract from the same 
letter: "As for a government of professors only, the fact of 
their being specialists is against them. Most of them are broad- 
minded, practical men ; some are good administrators. But, unfor- 
tunately, there is among them, as in other professions, a fair 
sprinkling of one-idea'd fanatics, ignorant of the commonest 
conventions of official relation, and content with nothing if they 
cannot get everything their own way. It is these persons who, 
with the very highest and purest intentions, would ruin any ad- 
ministrative body unless they were counterpoised by non-profes- 
sional, common-sense members of recognized weight and author- 
ity in the conduct of affairs." True, every word of it! 



TORONTOKBNSIA 



77 



TORONTONENSIA 



UNIVERSITY OF TORONTO 
MONTHLY. 

ADDRESS ALL COMMUNICATIONS FOR 
PUBLICATION TO THE SECRETARY, UNI- 
VERSITY OF TORONTO. 



Published monthly, October June. 
Subscription $1.00 a year. 

EDITORIAL BOARD. 

I. H. CAMERON, M.B., Chairman. 

J. C. MCLENNAN, Ph.D., Secretary. 

J. FLETCHER, M.A., LL.D.; A. R. 
BAIN, M.A., LL.D.; A. B. MACALLUM, 
M.B., Ph. D.; J. A. COOPER, B.A., 
LL.B.; L. E. EMBREE, M.A.; HON. S. C. 
BIGGS, B.A.; T. A. RUSSELL, B.A.; GEO. 
WILKIE, B.A. ; S. J. ROBERTSON, B.A., 
Managing Editor. 

THE UNIVERSITY OF TORONTO ALUMNI 

ASSOCIATION: LOCAL ORGANIZATIONS 
DIRECTORY. 

GENERAL ASSOCIATION. President, 
DR. R. A. REEVE, Toronto. Secretary, 
J. C. MCLENNAN, Ph. D., Dean's House, 
University of Toronto. 

ALGOMA, DISTRICT OF. President, 
REV. J. ALLAN, B.A., Sault Ste. Marie, 
Ont.; Secretary-Treasurer, LESLIE A. 
GREEN, B.A., Sault Ste. Marie, Ont. 

BARRIE. President, DONALD Ross, 
B.A., LL.B., Secretary-Treasurer, A. F. 
HUNTER, M.A. 

BRITISH COLUMBIA. President, REV. 
R. WHITTINGTON, M.A., B.Sc., Vancou- 
ver, B.C. Secretary-Treasurer, ALFRED 
HALL, B.A., LL.B., B.C.L., Vancouver. 

ELGIN COUNTY, ONT. President, D. 
MCLARTY, M.D., St. Thomas. Secretary, 
S. SILCOX, B.A., B. Psed., St. Thomas. 

GREY AND BRUCE. President, A. G. 
MCKAY, B.A., Owen Sound, Ont. 
Secretary, W. D. FERRIS, M.B., Shallow 
Lake, Ont. 

HASTINGS COUNTY. President, LT.- 
COL. W. N. PONTON, M.A., Belleville. 
Secretary, J. T. LUTON, B.A., Belleville. 

HURON COUNTY. President, WM. 
GUNN, M.D, Clinton, Ont. Secretary- 
Treasurer, CHAS. GARROW, B.A., LL.B., 
Goderich, Ont. 

KENT COUNTY President, D. S. 
PATERSON, B.A.. Chatham, Ont. Sec- 
retary, Miss GRACE MCDONALD, B.A., 
Chatham, Ont. 



LENNOX AND ADDINGTON COUNTIES. 
President, H. M. DEROCHE, B.A., K.C., 
Napanee. Secretary-Treasurer, U. J. 
FLACK, M.A., Napanee. 

LINCOLN COUNTY. President, JOHN 
HENDERSON, M.A., St. Catharines. 
Secretary-Treasurer, G. B. BURSON, 
B.A., St. Catharines. 

MIDDLESEX COUNTY. President, TAL- 
BOT MACBETH, B.A., K.C., London. 
Secretary-Treasurer, F. E. PERRIN, B.A., 
London. 

OTTAWA. President, E. R. CAMERON, 
M.A., Ottawa. Secretary-Treasurer, H. 
A. HARPER, M.A., Ottawa. 

PERTH COUNTY, ONT. President, C. J. 
MCGREGOR, M.A., Stratford, Ont. 
Secretary-Treasurer, C. A. MAYBERRY, 
B.A., LL.B., Stratford, Ont. 

PETERBOROUGH COUNTY. President, 
E. B. EDWARDS, B.A., LL.B., K.C., 
Peterborough. Secretary-Treasurer, D. 
WALKER, B.A., Peterborough. 

PRINCE EDWARD COUNTY. President, 
M. CURRIE, B.A., M.B., Picton. Secre- 
tary-Treasurer, A. W. HENDRICK, B.A., 
Picton. 

VICTORIA COUNTY. President, J. C. 
HARSTONE, B.A., Lindsay, Ont. Secre- 
tary-Treasurer, Miss E. G. FLAVELLE, 
B.A., Lindsay, Ont. 

WATERLOO COUNTY. President, His 
HONOUR JUDGE CHISHOLM, Berlin, Ont. 
Secretary-Treasurer, REV. W. A. BRAD- 
LEY, B.A., Berlin, Ont. 

WELLINGTON COUNTY, ONT. Presi- 
dent, WM. TYTLER, B.A., Guelph, Ont. 
Secretary-Treasurer, R. L. McKiNNON, 
B.A., LL.B., Guelph, Ont. 

WENTWORTH COUNTY GRADUATES 
ASSOCIATION. President, J. CHISHOLM, 
B.A., Hamilton, Ont. Secretary- 
Treasurer, J. T. CRAWFORD, B.A., Ham- 
ilton, Ont. 



REUNION OF THE CLASS QF 1881.* 

Contributed by W. D. Gicynne, B.A. 

On the evening of Thanksgiving 

Day there gathered at dinner in the 

rooms of the Faculty Union, better 

known as the Dean's House, eighteen 

men of the graduating year of 1881, 

and one 1 other who matriculated with 



* Owing to the difficulty in securing a complete 
set of photographs of the class it has been found im- 
possible to illustrate this article. 



78 



UNIVERSITY OF TORONTO MONTHLY 



them but took his degree the follow- 
ing year. The summons, beauti- 
fully worded by Mr. Milner, was as 
follows: 

O Socii, qui olim una e gremio almae 
matris profecti estis, nonne decebit 
nunc 'demum nos in lautioribus epulis 
accubantes commemorare quid per hos 
viginti annos profecerimus, quid 
honorum, auctoritatis, opum assecuti, 
quaeve mala laboresque perpessi 
simus, quid egerimus ad communem 
sortem- levandam, quatenus vel in 
rebus domi angustis vel regali luxu 
nos pro virili parte gesserimus? Juva- 
bit profecto repetere praeterita ilia 
studia, praesidente JOHANNE Mc- 
CAUL, amicitiasque, nee non simul- 
tates, cum solidum diem persaepe 
ludendo noctemve colloquio discept- 
andoque frangeremus. Erunt quoque 
undecim quos fraterno animo com- 
plorare oportebit. 

Nobis igitur qui commorati sumus 
apud Torontonenses Universitatemque 
visum est a. d. IV. Kal. Dec. consti- 
tuere quo die simul coenaremus, alma 
matre domum praebente, quam Pear- 
mannus Decanus quondam habitabat. 
Vos navate operam ut adsitis omnes. 

This was their first reunion since 
they parted twenty years ago. Long 
had the event been in preparation, 
great was the expectation, and real 
and deep pleasure the fulfilment. Mr. 
W. S. Milner, lecturer in Latin, to 
whose efforts the event was due and 
its success owing, presided. From New 
York came the Rev. Walter Laidlaw, 
the enthusiastic secretary of the 
" Federation of Churches and Chris- 
tian Workers." Montreal sent Dr. R. 

F. Ruttan, Professor of Chemistry in 
McGill University. Brantford was 
represented in the person of the 
classical master of the Collegiate 
Institute, Mr. F. S. Passmore; the 
legal profession " appeared by " 
Messrs. T-. J. Blain, Brampton; A. G. 
Campbell, Harriston; J. Mason, Wes- 
ton; Jas. Douglas, A. G. F. Lawrence, 

G. G. S. Lindsay, J. A. McAndrew and 
W. D. Gwynne, Toronto. 

From Port Hope came the Rev. P. 
K. Dayfoot, and from Burlington Mr. 
A. W. Peart and five physicians made 
up the remainder of the party. Doc- 
tors G. H. Carveth, Toronto; Levi 
Lapp, Pontypool; J. W. MacCallum, 



and Thos. McKenzie, and S. Stewart. 
The interest of the scene, which was 
maintained throughout, commenced 
with the arrival of the guests. Some 
who had changed but little were re- 
cognized at once, but the character- 
istic meeting was a grasp of the hand, 
followed by a searching and puzzled 
look, then perhaps a smile; the voice 
or the mention of a name recalled the 
forgotten face while a shout of joy 
and a long wringing of the hands 
showed the genuine gladness of the 
meeting. 

A ramble of the whole party through 
the well remembered but now unfami- 
liar residence, recalling at every step, 
some vivid scene of undergraduate and 
unregenerate days, was a fitting pre- 
paration for the flow of reminiscences 
which made the table ring with hilar- 
ity. Few were the toasts, and with 
the exception of that of the King, and 
the silent remembrance of the dead, 
these were as befitted the occasion, 
informal. 

Out of a class of fifty_six death has 
claimed twelve. T. B. Bunting, C. 
Donovan, J. H. Doolittle, F. W. Hill, 
W. H. Housson, J. S. McKay, John 
McBride, A. W. Reid, W. G. Shepherd, 
and H. C. Sells. Sorrow for a while 
filled the minds of all, and chilled 
the mirth as the names were read, 
and here and there an exclamation of 
surprise showed that to some the 
death of their former classmates was 
unknown. But the toast to Alma 
Mater, proposed by the chairman, and 
replied to by Professor Ruttan at once 
banished sadness and brought out one 
of the most interesting features of the 
gathering I mean the unanimous de- 
sire of those present to see the Uni- 
versity freed from political control 
and the Residence restored: the latter 
desire was the more surprising, inas- 
much as many present had not lived 
in residence and probably, as under- 
graduates, looked at it askance; but 
with a larger experience of life the 
need seems to have been realized and 
the benfits of residence admitted. 

Some striking comparisons cited by 
Mr. Mflner may prove of interest. 
In 1881 there were fifty-six graduates 
and 347 students attending lectures in 
all the years; in 1901, 110 graduates, 
and 862 students in attendance, or in- 
cluding the faculties of Medicine and 



TORONTONENSIA 



79 



Applied Science since 1881, a total of 
1,249. The staff has risen from 14 to 
55, exclusive of Victoria College. In 
1881 there were but two buildings, the 
Main building and the School of Prac- 
tical Science; since then the Library, 
Gymnasium and the Chemical build- 
ing have been added. Besides this 
the needs of the Department of 
Physics have caused unholy hands to 
be laid on the Residence. And finally 
if Residence has departed, is it a com- 
pensation that women students nave 
now appeared on the scene? 

Some interesting data in regard to 
the class of 1881 were also given: Of 
the forty-four survivors twenty are 
lawyers, nine are clergymen, eight lec- 
turers and teachers, five doctors and 
one or possibly two farmers. 

After dinner adjournment was made 
to the reading room, in which the 
writer's last experience was the pur- 
chase of an easy chair at the sale of 
Mr. Pearman's furniture. It still 
stands in my library and snugly en- 
sconced in it I " see 

" Through floating vapours interspersed 

with light 
Shapes indeterminate, that gleam 

and fade 
As shadows passing into deeper shade 

Sink and elude the sight." 

A happy thought provided enter- 
tainment for the rest of the evening. 
The idea uppermost in the minds of 
all was, what have all these men been 
doing for the past twenty years, and 
so it was suggested that each in turn 
should get upon his feet and give an 
account of himself. Nothing could 
exceed the interest of these simple 
details fraught as they were with the 
touches which make the whole world 
kin. One told how three penniless 
students clubbed together to buy a 
pair of rubbers and then cast lots as 
to which should wear them. Another 
showed that he was not above taking 
his Arts degree back to the farm and 
applying his wider knowledge to im- 
proved methods, a third gave advice 
on bringing up children. And so, on 
into the night, the tales were told, 
and the laugh went round and the 
jokes were made, a flow of soul, a 
mingled stream of sadness and mirth, 
of wit and wisdom, of fun and non- 
. sense, hopes and fears, tales of the 



triumph of high endeavour and of the 
willing acceptance of the humbler 
lot. But through the experience of all 
there seemed to breathe the same in- 
spiring spirit of high ideals grounded 
in faith and courage. There is not 
much to be feared for the " godless 
university >' which produces sons like 
these! And yet withal what meant 
that undertone of disappointment? 
Was it because only the few had suc- 
ceeded in attaining that which the 
world regards as the only success, the 
making of money or a name? 

It was three o'clock in the morning 
when the tail of tales was completed, 
and the' time came to part; but before 
breaking up it was resolved that a 
similar reunion should be held in 
1906. And so the remnant of 1881 
parted. Eheu! fugaces anni labuntur! 

The following morning a committee 
waited on the President to congratu- 
late him on the great advance made 
by the University since 1881. 

The Alumni Conference at Knox 
College. 

During the first week of December 
the annual conference of the alumni 
of Knox College was the occasion of 
a large gathering. The younger gen- 
eration predominated, but there were 
veterans whose memory went back 
to the days of Dr. Willis and Dr. 
Burns. In the programme there were 
two lines of study one on Old Testa- 
ment prophecy; and one in New Tes- 
tament theology, The conference was 
this year characterized by increased 
attendance and sustained interest dur- 
ing the conference. The programme 
was well managed. Those who took 
part were chiefly Knox men, but there 
was a judicious mixture from other 
(colleges. The papers were chiefly theo- 
logical, but there were' subjects that 
went wide afield at times, and upon 
these there was usually a keen and 
intelligent discussion. A remarkable 
feature of this meeting of old grad- 
uates was the enthusiasm with which 
the name' of the Principal was re- 
ceived. During the conference every 
appearance of the Principal was the 
signal for a spontaneous and hearty 
cheer. This tribute reached its climax 
on the night of the annual meeting of 
the alumni. 



80 



UNIVERSITY OF TORONTO MONTHLY 



For some time there has been an 
agitation to have a suitable library 
and museum built for Knox College, 
which has assumed more definite 
shape during the last few months. 
The project was brought to the notice 
of the alumni at the annual business 
meeting, when it was endorsed, and 
the alumni decided to ask the Board 
of the College to call the new building 
the William Caven Library. 

The alumni elected the following offi- 
cers for the ensuing year: Honorary 
president, Rev. Robert H. Warden, 
D.D., Moderator of the General As- 
sembly; president, Rev. J. Macdonald 
Duncan, B.A., B.D., Woodvllle, Ont; 
vice-president, Rev. J. W. Clark, Lon- 
don, Ont.; secretary and treasurer, 
Rev. R. Campbell Tibb, B.A., Toronto; 
committee, Rev. J. W. MacMillan B.A., 
Lindsay; Rev. Robert Martin, Hamil- 
ton; Rev. W. G. Wallace, M.A., B.D., 
Toronto; Rev. R. D. Fraser, M.A., 
Toronto; Rev. Thomas Eakin, B.A., 
Guelph. 

The interest in the programme cul- 
minated in the paper on Thursday 
morning, read by Professor McComb 
of Queen's University. It was an ex- 
position and criticism of Dr. Harnack's 
recent book . . . "Das Wesen des 
CJiristenthums," and was followed with 
the closest attention and interest. 

On the evening of the 5th, an oil 
portrait of the Rev. Wm. MacLaren, 
D.D., by J. L. Forster, was unveiled 
and presented to the Board of the Col- 
lege by the alumni. In the absence 
of Wm. Mortimer Clark, Esq., chair- 
man of the board, the Rev. Principal 
Caven received the portrait on behalf 
of the Board. Dr. MacLaren has 
entered upon his twenty-ninth year in 
the chair of Systematic Theology in 
Knox College. The conference closed 
with the annual "at home" on the 
evening of the 6th, which was very 
successful. 

Two features of this conference 
merit special mention. There was an 
excellent College spirit. From first to 
last there was the warmest interest 
in all that concerned the welfare of 
Knox. There was less disposition to 
dwell upon the features that are lack- 
ing in her administration, and an evi- 
dent desire to make the most of, and 
to improve upon it. Another feature 



was the levelopment of the social side- 
of the conference. Formerly this had 
been sought in one elaborate dinner, 
and the thing was too formal and cold. 
This year the men met at noonday 
luncheon, chatted over their coffee, 
retold old tales with the freedom of 
student days, and got closer to one 
another than had been possible since 
the days of graduation. The effect was 
evident in tne unanimous demand that 
this feature of the conference be con- 
tinued. 



University College Dinner. 

The University College dinner on 
Dec. 10th, was a successful gathering 
of undergraduates and members of the 
faculty. Prof. Baker presided, hav- 
ing on his right Hon. Richard Har- 
court Minister of Education, and on 
his left President Loudon. 

Professor Lang proposed the toast 
"The Empire," and Lieut.-Col. Deni- 
son replied. In replying to the toast 
or Alma Mater proposed by Mr. John 
Young, President Loudon said he had 
proposed the same toast 43 years ago 
in the same hall, standing almost in 
the same spot as Mr. Young. Toronto 
was doing as much as any university 
in the world, he thought, considering 
her circumstances. Foreign universi- 
ties judged Toronto by the scientific 
work it did, and whether right or not, 
that was the test they applied. 

Principal Hutton also responded in 
a speech of great literary beauty. 

Dr. Thompson proposed " Our 
Guests/' coupled with the names of 
Mr. J. J. Foy, Mr. W. K. George, and 
Mr. F. C. Wade, B.A. '82, Crown prose- 
cutor in the Yukon. 

Medical Dinner. 

The annual dinner of the University 
of Toronto Medical Faculty was held 
in. the University Gynasium, Dec. 2nd, 
when over 400 were present. The 
speeches called forth by the toast list 
were of great interest, and were 
heartily received by the large gather- 
ing or guests, members of the Faculty 
and students. The latter were in 
attendance almost to a man, for where 
in the University is support given more 
fully by college men to college inter- 
ests than in the Medical Department^ 



TORONTONENSIA 



Among the guests of the evening were: 
Viee-Chancellor Moss, Dr. R. G. Par- 
kin, C.M.G., Senator Landerkin, Rev. 
J. Potts, D.D., Mr. A. B. Ames, Canon 
Welch, Mr. Byron B. Walker, Presi- 
dent Loudon, " the members of the 
Faculty and many prominent members 
of the profession. 

The toast of " The King " proposed 
by A. B. Archer, president of the 
dinner committee, was loyally honour- 
ed. Professor Ramsay Wright pro- 
posed the toast of " Canada and the 
Empire," referring briefly to the im- 
perialistic movement sweeping over 
the empire, and saying that men were 
none the worse Canadians for being 
imperialists. 

Hon. Geo. Landerkin, M.D. '62, was 
received with cheers, and after some 
playful remarks about the profession 
and other topics eulogized Canada and 
her public men, and closed with a 
reference to the prosperous condition 
of the country. 

Mr. A. E. Ames, who followed, after 
a reference to the population of Can- 
ada and to the tariff, said that he did 
not wish to be ac-eused of false patriot- 
ism, but he did feel that it was time 1 
for Canada to drop the blouse and 
knickerbockers of the boy and to don 
the garb of the man. Formerly Cana- 
dians had been content to be the 
premier colony of the Empire, but that 
was not a big enough future, and it 
was for the statesmen of the country 
to be the pathfinders, and to lead the 
way for Canada to take its part in the 
British Empire. 

The toast of " The University and 
the Faculty of Medicine," was pro- 
posed by Dr. Parkin, who said that the 
Universities of to-day were face to 
face with a new set of problems, as 
great as those which confronted their 
earliest predecessors. 

Pfesfdent Loudon, in referring to 
the wording of the toast said, that the 
Faculty of Medicine was just as much 
a part of the University as the Faculty 
of Arts, and defended the Faculty 
from the charge that had been made 
that no research work had been par- 
ried on in connection with the Faculty. 
Continuing he said that the Medical 
Faculty would have a new building in 
the University grounds within twelve 
months in which the work of the dif- 



ferent Departments of the Faculty 
would be carried on. 

He asked the students if they wished 
to aid the University to follow in the 
footsteps of those who had brought 
honour to the University. He would 
rather nave one scientific discovery 
made in the University than a great 
bequest made to it. The President in 
closing said, that he hoped that the 
policy of half measures and slow 
relief would cease, and that prompt 
and adequate support would be given 
the University. 

The Dean of the Medical Faculty, 
Dr. R. A. Reeve, referred to the fact 
that in the course of the next few 
weeks arrangements would be eom- 
plete'd for the erection of a new build- 
ing for the Medical Faculty. This 
building has been rendered absolutely- 
necessary on account of the large 
increase in the number of students 
and it is proposed that it should be 
erected in the 1 Queen's Park upon Uni- 
versity ground. The Dean referred 
to the fact that the trustees of the 
University had shown the greatest 
possible interest in the financial aspect 
of the undertaking, and they have now 
reached a conclusion upon this matter 
which has placed it upon a sound fin- 
ancial basis, thoroughly satisfactory 
to the University of Toronto ana to 
the Medical Faculty thereof. 

Mr. Byron E. Walker, speaking as a 
trustee, said that in making provision 
for a new building for the Medical 
Faculty the trustees believed that the 
success which this branch woula 
achieve would be reflected upon the 
entire institution. 

Dr. Peters also replied in a vigor- 
ous speech. He defended the Faculty 
against the charge which had recently 
been made that research work was not 
done in this University. He pointed 
out that a very large amount of re- 
search work has been done by the 
members of the Medical Faculty, work 
which has been recognized not only 
locally but abroad, not only through- 
out the British Empire but in 
foreign countries, and that the Medi- 
cal Faculty of the University of To- 
ronto would in this respect compare 
favourably with any institution on this 
continent. Nevertheless he pointed 
out that their main function here was 
to teach, and he called attention to- 



UNIVERSITY OF TORONTO MONTHLY 



the fact that as a teaching Faculty 
they had attained remarkable success 
as was evidenced by the increasing 
number of students presenting them- 
selves from year to year. 

Dr. Britton proposed the toast of 
other professions, to whiich Rev. John 
Potts, Professor McGregor Young and 
Dr. P. H. Bryce, replied. 

Dr. Rudolf proposed " The Hospi- 
tals," and Dr. Charles O'Reilly replied 
upon behalf of the General Hospital 
and Dr. R. J. Dwyer upon behalf of St. 
Michael's Hospital. 

Athletics. 

At the annual meeting of the Uni- 
versity of Toronto Hockey Club, W. J. 
Hanley, B.A., was in the chair. The 
secretary-treasurer in his report stated 
that the season last year had been 
very successful, and that in spite of 
the heavy expenses connected with 
the visits of the club to Buffalo, N.Y., 
and Sault Ste. Marie, Ont., the yeai 
had ended with a merely nominal 
deficit. It was decided that the club 
would enter three teams this winter in 
the Ontario Hockey Association. 

The following officers were elected: 
Honorary president, W. T. Jennings, 
C.E.; honorary vice-president, W. J. 
Hanley, B.A.; president, A. J. Isbester; 
vice-president, J. R. Parry; secretary - 
treasurer, S. Trees; manager of the 
first team, Allan Magee; manager of 
the second team, H. C. Moore; dele- 
gate to O. H. A., H. J. Symington. 



Recent Faculty Publications. 

A. H. Abbott, B.A., University of 
Toronto, " Experimental Psychology 
and the Psychological Laboratory in 
the University of Toronto," in the 
" University of Toronto Monthly," 
Dec., 1900. 

" Problems and a Student's 
Attitude to Them," in " Acta Vic- 
toriana," May, 1900. 

W. J. Alexander, Ph.D., University 
College (Editor), " A School Anthology 
of English Poetry," with an Introduc- 
tion and Notes. Toronto: The Copp, 
Clark Company, 1901. 

F. B. Allan, M.A., Ph.D., University 
of Toronto, " The Basic Nitrates of 
Bismuth," in the " American Chemical 
Journal," Vol. XXV. 



Alfred Baker, M.A., University of 
Toronto, " The Principle at the Base 
of Quaternion Analysis," in " Proceed- 
ings of the Royal Society of Canada," 
1901. 

R. R. Bensley, B.A., M.B., University 
of Chicago (late* of University of 
Toronto), " The Oesophageal Glands of 
Urodela," in the " Biological Bulletin," 
Dec., 1900. 

H. P. Biggar, B.A., B.Litt., Univer- 
sity of Toronto, " The Early Trading 
Companies of New France, a contri- 
bution to the History of Commerice and 
Discovery in North America." To- 
ronto, the 1 University Library. 1901, 
(University of Toronto Studies in 
History, edited by G. M. Wrong, 
M.A.), Dec., 1900. 

A. P. Coleman, M.A., Ph.D., Univer- 
sity of Toronto, " Glacial and Inter- 
glacial Beds near Toronto," in 
" Journal of Geology," Vol. IX., No. 4. 

" Marine and Freshwater 

Beaches of Ontario/' in " Bulletin, 
Geol. Soc. Am.," Vol. XII. 

" The Vermilion River 
Placers," " Iron Ranges of the Lower 
Huronian," " Sea Beaches of Eastern 
Ontario," " Petrographical and Strati- 
graphical Notes," " Notes on the 
Pleistocene of Ontario," in the 10th 
Report, Ontario Bureau of Mines. 

W. H. Fraser, M.A., University of 
Toronto, in collaboration with J. 
Squair, B.A., Univefsity College, 
" High School French Grammar and 
Reader." The Copp, Clark Co., 
Toronto, 1900, and D. C. Heath and Co., 
Boston, 1901. 

" Modern Languages Abroad," 

in the " Proceedings of the Ontario 
Educational Association," 1901. 

R. E. Hooper, B.A., M.B., University 
of Toronto, " A Comparison of Anti- 
septics, 5 ' in the " Canadian Practi- 
tioner and Review," April, 1901. 

J. G. Hume, Ph.D., University of 
Toronto, " Prohibition as a Problem 
of Individual and Social Reform," 
Toronto, "Acta Victoriana," 1900. 

E. C. Jeffrey, B.A., Ph.D., Univer- 
sity of Toronto, " Infranodal Organs 
in Calamites and Dicotyledons," in 
" Annals of Botany," University Press, 
Oxford. 



TORONTONENSIA 



83 



E. C. Jeffrey, B.A., Ph.D., Univer- 
sity of Toronto. " The Structure 
and Development of the Stem in the 
Pteridophyta and Gymnosperms," in 
" Philosophical Transactions of the 
Royal Society of London." 

" The Morphology of Seed- 
plants," a text-book for Universities 
and Colleges. D. Appleton Co. New 
York. (In colloboration with John M. 
Coulter, Head-Professor of Botany, 
University of Chicago.) 

- " Tlie" Anatomy and Develop- 
ment of the Osimindacae," by J. H. 
Faull, B.A., Fellow in Botany, Harvard 
University. ("Prepared under the direc- 
tion of E. C. Jeffrey, B.A., Ph.D.), in 
" Botanical Gazette," Chicago, and in 
" University of Toronto Studies," Bio- 
logical Series, No. 3. 

G. W. Johnston, Ph.D., University 
College. " The Querolus, a Syntactical 
and Stylistic Study. Toronto, The 
Publishers' Syndicate, 1900. 

F. B. Kenrick, M.A., Ph.D., Univer- 
sity of Toronto. " Reversible Chemical 
Reactions," in the " Journal of the 
American Chemical Society," No. 
XXII. . 291. 

- " Quantitative Lecture Ex- 
periments on Electro-Chemistry," in 
the " Journal of Physical Chemistry," 
No. IV., 599. 

" The Identification of Basi<c 
Salts," in the "Proceedings of the 
Royal Society of Canada," 1901. (The 
above in conjunction with Dr. W. Lash 
Miller.) 

A. Kirschman, M.A., Ph.D., Univer- 
sity of Toronto, " Nature and Miracle," 
in " Acta Victoriana/' Dec., 1900. 

- " The Fundamental Problems 
of Suggestion," in " Hypnotism and 
Hypnotic Suggestion." New York 
State Publishing Co., Rochester, N.Y. 

W. R. Lang, D.Sc., University of To- 
ronto. " A Century of Chemical Pro- 
gress," in the 1 University of Toronto 
Monthly." 

- " Chemistry in Relation to the 
Arts and Manufactures," in " Indus- 
trial Canada." 

H. H. Langton, B.A., University of 
Toronto Library, " Sir Daniel Wilson," 
a biographical sketch with biblio- 
graphy of his writings, in " review of 
Historical Publications relating to 
Canada." Vol. V. editor (in con- 
junction with G. M. Wrong, M.A.) of 
Vol. V. of this review. Toronto. 
'The University Library, 1901. 



James Loudon, M.A., LL.D., Presi- 
dent of the University of Toronto, " A 
Century of Progress in Acoustics," Pre- 
sidential address to Section III., of the 
Royal Sqciety of Canada, May, 1901, 
in " The Proceedings of the Society," 
and in " Science.'' 

A. B. Macallum, M.A., M.B., Ph.D., 
Universty of Toronto. " The Micro- 
chemistry of the Cell," in the " British 
Association Report," Dec., 1900. 

The Micro-chemistry of the 
Cell," in the "British Association 
Report," Dec., 1901. 

J. F. McCurdy, Ph.D., LL.D., Uni- 
versity College, "History Prophecy 
and the Monuments," 3 vols. New 
York and London. The MacMillaii 
Company, 1894, 1896, 1901. 

Twenty-eight articles (' ; Aaron, 
Abel," etc.), in Vol. I. of " The Jewish 
Encyclopedia." New York, Funk & 
Wagnalls, 1901. 

John E. McFadyen, M.A., B.A. 
(Oxon.), Knox College, " The Message 
of the Priestly and Prophetic His- 
torians," in the series " The Messages 
of the Books," New York, Charles 
Scribners' Sons, 1901. 

- " The Divine Pursuit," To- 
ronto, The Westminster Co., 1901. 

J. C. McLennan, B.A., Ph.D., Univer- 
sity of Toronto. " Elektrische Leit- 
fahigkeit in Gasen, die von Kathoden- 
strahlen durchsetzt sind," reprinted in 
the " Zeitschrift fiir physikalische 
Chemie," Aug. 1901, from the " Trans- 
actions of the Royal Society of 
London." 

" Ueber eine gewissen Salzen 

durch Kathodenstrahlen erteilte Rad- 
ioaktivitat," an original contribution 
on induced radioactivity in the " Phy- 
sikalische Zeitschrifht," Sept., 1901. 

W. Lash Miller, B.A., Ph. D., Uni- 
versity of Toronto. "Reversible Chem- 
ical Reactions," in the " Journal of the 
American Chemical Society, 7 ' No. xxii., 
291. 

"Quantitative Lecture Experi- 
ments on Electro-Chemistry," in the 
" Journal of Physical Chemistry," No. 
IV., 599. 

" The Indentification of Basic 

Salts," in " Proceedings of the Royal 
Society of Canada," 1901. 

(The above in conjunction with Dr. 
Kenrick). 



84 



UNIVERSITY OF TORONTO MONTHLY 



R. G. Murison, M.A., B.D., Univer- 
sity College. " Totemism in fne Old 
Testament," in " The Biblical World." 
University of Chicago, Sept., 1901. 

W. A. Parks, B.A., Ph.D., University 
of Toronto. " Summary Report on the 
Geology of Muskoka," in the " Report 
of the Geologijcal Survey of Canada," 
1901. 

" Huronian of the Moose 

River Basin/' in the " University of 
Toronto Studies." 

J. Squair, B.A., University College 
(Editor). " La Joie fait Peur," by 
Madame Emile de Giradin, with Bio- 
graphical Notice, Notes and Com- 
position Exercises. Toronto, W. J. 
Gage & Company, 1901. 

F. Tracy, B.A., Ph.D., University of 
Toronto. " Psychology of Childhood," 
fifth edition, revised and enlarged by 
the addition of a new chapter on the 
" Aesthetic, Moral and Religious 
aspects of Mind Development." D. C. 
Heath & Co., Boston, Mass., 1901. 

A review of Herman Schwarz' 

"Psychologic des Willens, zur Grundle- 
gung der Ethik," in the " American 
Journal of Theology," October, 1901. 

A review of WilHelm Mengel's 

" Kants Begrundung der Religion," in 
the " American Journal of Theology," 
October, 1901. 

S. M. Wickett, B.A., Ph.D., Univer- 
sity of Toronto. " Industrial Canada." 
Published by the Canadian Manufac- 
turers' Association. 

- A translation of Biicher's "In- 
dustrial Evolution," with a new intro- 
duction. New York, Henry Holt & Co., 
1901. (In the work of translating Dr. 
Wickett was assisted by Dr. G H 
Needier). 

- " Commercial Education at 
Universities," in the " Canadian Maga- 
zine." October, 1901. 

" City Government in Canada," 

in the " Canadian Magazine." Novem- 
ber, 1901. 

George M. Wrong, M.A., University 
of Toronto (editor). " Review of His- 
torical Publications relating to Can- 
ada.'' Vol. V. Publications of the 
year 1900. Toronto. The University 
Library. 1901. (The above in conjunc- 
tion with Mr. H. H. Langton). Editor 
also of Biggar's Early Trading Com- 



panies of New France, published in 
the University of Toronto Studies iit 
History. 



Campus and Corridor. 

The Faculty and students of the 
Royal College of Dental Surgeons held 
their sixth annual " at home " in the 
college building, Dec. 5th. There were 
about 200 guests present. The com- 
mittee, of which A. D. A. Mason was 
chairman, J. McD. Sharp, secretary, 
and C. H. Wickwire, treasurer, made 
all arrangements, which were very suc- 
cessfully carried out. 

The regular monthly meeting of the 
Philosophical Society was held in the 
University dining hall, November 25th, 
in order to afford an opportunity for 
the members of the Faculty and the 
men of the upper years to become bet- 
ter acquainted with the large Second 
year class, which numbers this ses- 
sion 34. After dinner Professor E. I. 
Badgley delivered a lecture on the 
problem of conscience under the title 
of "The Ring of Gyges." 

The University of Toronto Mathe- 
matical and Physical Society held an 
open meeting in the main building, 
Dec. 5th. The chair was taken by 
A. T. DeLury, B.A., president of the 
Society. There was a large attendance 
which included the members of the 
Astronomical Society of Toronto. C. 
A. Chant, Ph.D., lectured on "Diffrac- 
tion and Diffraction Gratings," using 
models to illustrate his remarks. Lan- 
tern illustrations by J. S. Plaskett, 
B.A., representing colour in mono- 
chrome and photography in natural 
colours, proved interesting. Musical 
selections were given by the Banjo, 
Mandolin and Guitar Club, and vocal 
selections by Messrs. Lucas, Abbott, 
Klotz, Smith and Matheson. 

At a recent meeting of the Council 
of Wycliffe College the treasurer 
reported that with the closing of the 
financial year in May, they had re- 
ceived Ithe sum of $15,000 for the 
endowment fund of the College. The 
Council unanimously adopted the re- 
port of the Executive Committee upon 
the building of a convocation hall and 
other additions and improvements in 
library and lecture room accommoda- 
tion. It was resolved that the work 
be proceeded with at once. Three 



TOBONTONENSIA 



85 



members of the Council subscribed 
$5.000 on condition that the balance of 
the $15,000 required be given at once. 
A committee on ways and means and a 
building comm/ittee were appointed. 
These are now at work. 

The second year class in Metallurgy 
in the School of Practical Science 
examined the plants of the Hamilton 
Steel and Iron Co., and the Hamilton 
Bridge Works Co., recently. The party 
was accompanied by G. R. Mickle, 
B.A., Lecturer in Mining. 

The medals and prizes awarded in 
Victoria University upon the result of 
the May examination were not distri- 
buted this year on Charter Day, Oct. 
12, as is the custom, on account of the 
visit of the Duke of Cornwall and 
York. The distribution took place on 
Nov. 15th instead. Among the donors 
of these medals, prizes and scholar- 
ships we notice the names of Messrs. 
E. Wilson, S. H. Janes, J. J. McLaren, 
G. A. Cox, E. J. Sanford, Chown, Ames, 
J. C. Robertson, J. W. Flavelle, W. J. 
Robertson, Hodgins, Webster, John- 
ston, and Mrs. Whitwam and Professor 
Bell. Special interest was lent to the 
occasion by the unveiling of the 
marble busts of Dr. E. Ryerson and 
Dr. S. S. Nelles. Chancellor Burwash 
presided and read a letter from J. G. 
Hodgins, LL.D., who was unable to 
be present. The Hon. G. W. Ross, in 
speaking of Dr. Ryerson's life, dwelt 
chiefly upon his work in founding the 
Dublic school system of Ontario. At 
the conclusion of his address the; Pre- 
mier unveiled the bust of Dr. Ryerson. 
Rev. J. Potts, D.D.,- spoke on Dr. Ryer- 
son's work in freeing education in On- 
tario from church control, and in 
abolishing religious tests. A. H. Rey- 
nar, LL.D., spoke eloquently of Dr. 
Nelles, in a polished discourse, and 
Dr. H. F. Biggar, of Cleveland, 
Ohio, discussed Dr. Nelles' character 
and his influence on student life, and 
at the close of the' address unveiled 
the bust of Dr. Nelles. Dr. Carman 
spoke on education generally, with 
special reference to the influence of 
these two educators in moulding the 
character of many men now promin- 
ent in both church and state. 

The Womens' Residence which is 
now being built "for Victoria University 
-will be of red brick with grey ston? 



facings, and will have three stories and 
a basement. From north to south the 
length will be 160 ft., and the building 
will be 80 ft. wide, and the 1 wing lying 
across the north end will ,be 136 ft. 
long. The front of the building is 
pleasingly broken by the portico in 
the centre of the west front, the pro- 
jection of the north wing, the tower 
and a wide bay. The basement will 
contain gymnasium, shower baths, 
dressing rooms, trunk rooms, store 
rooms, furnace, etc. The main hall will 
be 15 x 100 ft., and there will open 
from it reception rooms, library, music 
rooms, rooms for the lady principal 
and matron, an assembly room, dining 
room, to seat 80 students and business 
offices. The kitchen will occupy the 
north-east corner of the building. A 
handsome staircase and an elevator 
will give access to the upper floors, 
on the first of which there will be 25 
rooms for students, and bath-rooms, 
and in the wing, rooms for the matron 
and housemaids. The top floor will 
have 23 students' rooms, and the wing 
will contain a small but complete hos- 
pital having sick room, convalescent 
room, nurses' rooms, and every requi- 
site for the proper care of the students. 



NEWS FROM THE CLASSES. 
The personal news is compiled from information 
furnished by the Secretary of the University of Toronto 
Alumni Association, and by the Secretaries of local 
organizations, and from other reliable sources. The 
value of this department might be greatly enhanced 
if University of Toronto men everywhere would con- 
tribute to it. The correction of any error will be 
gratefully received by the Secretary of the Alumni 
Association. 

Graduates of the.S. P. S. 1886. 
A. M. Bowman, D.L.S., is assistant 
engineer on the Ohio River Improve- 
ment, Bellevue, Pa. E. B. Hermon, 

D. & O. L. S., is "a member of the firm 
of Gordon, Hermon & Bur well, 
engineers and surveyors, Vancouver, 
B.C. Robert Laird, O.L.S., is a con- 
Suiting and mining engineer, Rat 
Portage, Ont. T. Kennard Thom- 
son, C. E., M. Am. Soc. C. E., is a 
consulting engineer, 13 Park Row, 

New York. H. G. Tyrrell, C. E., A. 

M. Can. Soc. C. E., is asst. engineer to 
the Boston Bridge Works, 70 Kilby St., 
Boston, Mass. 

S. P. S. 1887. 

J. C. Burns (Ob). A. E. Lott is a 

consulting railway engineer. Mexico, 



86 



UNIVERSITY OF TORONTO MONTHLY 



Mexico. A. L. McCulloch, O.L.S., A. 

M. Can. Soc. C. E., is city engineer of 

Nelson, B.C. F. Martin, M.B., O.L.S., 

is a physician at Dundalk, Ont. C. 

H Pinhey, D. & O.L.S., is an engineer 
on the Soulanges Canal, Coteau Land- 
ing. j. Rogers, O.L.S., is town 

engineer, Mitchell, Ont. 

The addresses of the following 
graduates are unknown: 

1856. 
R. Matheson, B.A. 

1871. 
S. Hickey, B.A., M.D. 

1874. 
J. W. Corman, M.B. 

1877. 
J. J. Esmond, M.B. 

1880. 
N. MicKechnie, M.D. 

1881. 
H. R. Elliot, M.D. 

1882. 
J. A. Munroe, B.A. 

1888. 
J. A. Cross, M.D. D. H. Piper, M.D. 

1890. 

H. E. Bayley, B.A. Thos. Russell, 

M.B. 

1892. 

Wm. Glutton, B.A. H. A. Mc- 

Cullough, B.A., M.B. 

1893. 
R. S. Shaw, B.S.A. 

1894. 
Mrs. Hogg, B.A. (Miss I. M. Barber). 

1895. 

A. A. King, B.S.A. W. J. Kirk- 
land, Phm. B. Miss F. Northrup, B.A. 

.1898. 

J. A. Roberts, M.B. J. H. Alex- 
ander, B.A. 

1899. 
R. K. Steele, B.A. 



Kent County Almuni. 

The graduates of the University of 
Toronto in the County of Kent have 
organized themselves into a body to 
advance the interest of their Univer- 
sity. On the evening of Friday 
December 13th, a number met and 
formed themselves into " The Univer- 
sity of Toronto Alumni Association 
for the County of Kent." The usual 
constitution was adopted. Dr. J. C. 
McLennan was present and addressed 
the meeting. He traced briefly the 
development of the University and 
its expansion in recent years. It was 
this expansion without an accompany- 
ing increase in the endowment, he 
said, that occasioned the lamentable 
deficits. Last year's deficit was gener- 
ously assumed by the Provincial 
Government, but as the University 
grows deficits will inevitably arise. 
He spoke of the need of a close union 
between the Canadian manufacturers 
and the Canadian universities. Such 
a union has been fostered in Germany 
with the result that German industries 
have been revolutionized. By influenc- 
ing public opinion and the Govern- 
ment in favour of the University, as 
well as by strengthening the bond 
between it and the graduates, the 
Alumni Association could promote the 
welfare of the University. 

The following officers were elected: 
Honorary president, Wm. Douglas, 
LL.B. '61, K.C., Chatham; president, 
D. S. Paterson, B.A. '76, Chatham; 
vice-presidents, R. M. Thompson, 
B.A.. '91, Blenheim; J. G. Little, B.A. 
'84, Ridgetown; John Coutts, B.A. '84, 
Thamesville; secretary, Miss Grace Mc- 
Donald. B.A. '00, Chatham; treasurer, 
Rev. J. H. Osterhout, B.A. '00, 
Jeannettes Creek; councillors, A. B. 
Carscallen, B.A. '90, Wallaceburg; A. 
W. Thornton, B.D.S. '90, Chatham; 
Rev. J. F. Johnson, M.A., Tilbury; 
W. H. Willson, Phm.B. '97, Dresden. 

W. J. J. Twohey, B.A. '84, W, 
Taylor,. B.A. '92, and Dr. Musson, 
M.B. '95, were elected a commfttee to 
draft a memorial to the Government 
expressing appreciation of its gener- 
osity to the University last spring, and 
expressing also the hope that there 
will be no delay in erecting the new 
Science Building. 



TORONTONENSIA 



Personals. 

Every alumnus of the University of Toronto is in- 
cited to eend to the Editor items of interest for 
insertion iu this department. News of a personal 
nature about any alumnus will be gladly received. 

W. Harley Smith, B.A. '84, M.B. '88, 
has been appointed Italian Consul ot 
Toronto. 

A. W. Anderson, B.A. '98, is a part, 
ner in the firm of Simpson & Rowland, 
barristers, Sault Ste. Marie, Ont. 

J. McCaig, B.A. '94, M.A. '97, has 
been principal of the high and public 
schools at Lethbridge, Alta., for the 
last two years. 

G. A. Putnam, B.S.A. '00, formerly 
private secretary to President Mills 
of the Ontario Agricultural College, is 
now manager of the City Dairy Com- 
pany, Toronto. 

J. W. Trounce, who entered with the 
class of >94, is now car accountant in 
the Buffalo and Susquehanna Railroad 
Co., Buffalo, N.Y. 

P. E. S. MacKenzie, B.A. '93, LL.B. 
'95, is practising law in partnership 
with W. J. Moran, B.A. '91, LL.B. '92, 
in Rat Portage, Ont. 

W. A. Cerswell, M.B. '01, who was 
third silver medallist at graduation, 
has gone to London to continue his 
studies in the hospitals there. 

G. E. R. McCartney, M.B. '01, has 
taken an appointment as house sur- 
geon in the New York City Hospital. 
The position is tenable for two years. 

W. M. McKay, B.A. '88, who is prac- 
tising law in Dawson, Y.T., is spend- 
ing the winter travelling in Europe, 
und will return to the Yukon in the 
spring. 

W. H. Groves, M.D. '89, has been 
appointed surgeon on R.M.S. "Sekondi" 
of the African Steamship Co., sailing 
between Liverpool and the west coast 
of Africa. 

J. F. Snell, B.A. '94, Ph.D. (Cornell) 
has gone from Wesleyan University, 
Middleton, Conn., to the University of 
Cincinnati as instructor in the Depart- 
ment of Chemistry. 

W. A. Duff, S.P.S. '91, is on the en- 
gineering staff of the Vancouver, Vic- 
toria, and Eastern Railway and Navi- 
gation Company, and is now employed 
on the location of a line between 
Phcenix and Midway, B.C. 



Geo. H. Ling, B.A. '93, Ph.D., is in- 
structor in the Department of Mathe- 
matics in Columbia University, New 
York. He was for some time an 
instructor in the same department in 
Wesleyan University, Middleton, Conn. 

F. G. Wait, B.A. '87, M.A. >89, who 
was Fellow in Geology for three years 
in the University of Toronto after 
graduation, has since been on the staff 
of the Geological Survey, Ottawa, as 
assistant to Dr. Hoffman in the Chemi- 
cal Department. 

W. W. Tamblyn, B.A. '65, M.A. '66, 
modern language master in the high 
school, Bowmanville, retires from 
active service as a teacher at the end 
of the year. Mr. Tamblyn has spent 
35 years in the schools of Newcastle, 
Oshaw, Bowmanville, and Whitby, 
and is one of the oldest and best- 
known educationists in Ontario. 

M. F. Libby, B.A. '90, Ph.D. (Clark) 
'01, has entered upon his duties as 
professor of Philosophy in the Univer- 
sity of Colorado. Mr. Libby will be 
remembered as an enthusiastic and 
successful teacher of English in 
various collegiate institutes in Ontario, 
and in particular an an expounder of 
Shakespeare. Resigning from Jame- 
son Avenue School in 1896, he spent 
five years in study, three of them in 
Germany at Goettingen ,and Berlin, 
and finally took his Doctor's degree 
from Clark University at Worcester, 
Mass. Dr. Libby is joint author with 
Professor Alexander of the 1 well-known 
text-book " Composition from Models," 
and has published several articles on 
literature and philosophy. Those who 
knew him best anticipate most from 
him in his career as professor. 

Upon all sides are heard expressions 
of heartfelt sorrow for the death of 
Henry Albert Harper, B.A. '95, M.A. 
'96, which took place by drowning on 
the afternoon of December 6th. He 
gave his life in an heroic, but un- 
fortunately ifrudtless, effort to save 
Miss Blair, who, with a companion, 
had skated into open water in the Ot- 
tawa river. The rare courage shown 
in this act will long influence the lives 
of those who were his friends or 
acquaintances either in early life, in 
the University, or in his business and 
professional career, which looked so 



UNIVERSITY OF TORONTO MONTHLY 



promising. To preserve the memory 
of his brave deed and make its influ- 
ence permanent, there will be some 
memorial of Mr. Harper in Ottawa, 
where a public meeting attended by 
the chief citizens has resolved to erect 
a monument, and the Executive com- 
mittee of the Alumni Association, ol 
which Mr. Harper was a member, as 
secretary- treasurer of the University 
of Toronto Graduates Club of Ottawa, 
has resolved to arrange for the set- 
ting up of a bronze tablet. 

We learn the following facts about 
Hev. A. Haliday Douglas, D.D., whose 
appointment as professor of Apologe- 
tics, Homiletics and Pastoral Theology, 
was mentioned in the last number of 
the MONTHLY, from the Cambridge 
" Independent Press," which express 
the regard in which he was held in 
Cambridge. Dr. Douglas is the second 
son of Dr. A. H. Douglas, late president 
of the Royal College of Physicians, 
Edinburgh; and is the brother of Dr. 
C. M. Douglas, M.P. for the N. W. Divi- 
sion of Lanarkshire. He was educated 
at Edinburgh Academy and Edinburgn 
University. When he received his 
degree of M.A. in 1883, he was First 
English Essayist and was Medallist in 
the Advanced Metaphysics class in 
1884. In the New College, where he 
studied Theology, he was president of 
the Missionary Society, and at the end 
of his course was elected to the First 
Cunningham Fellowship, in 1888. In 
1893 he became pastor of St. Colum- 
ba's, Cambridge. He joined the Uni- 
versity as an advanced student of 
Moral Science and a Fellow Commoner 



of St. John's College. He took his B.A. 
degree in 1898, with the Certificate of 
Research for a disseration on the 
" Psychology of Pomponatius," the 
study of Mediaeval Scholastic Philo- 
sophy. He proceeded to the degree of 
M.A. in 1901. Recently the Theolo- 
gical College of the Presbyterian 
Church of England has been removed 
to Cambridge, and Dr. Douglas was a 
member of the College Council until 
he removed to Canada last summer. 

Marriages. 

McGahey-Davis On Nov. 18th, 1901, 
at St. Michael's Cathedral, R. J. 
McGahey, D.D.S. '97, was married to 
Miss Kate Davis, of Toronto. 

Smith-Stephenson At Omemee, Ont. 
Nov. 28th, D. C. Smith-, D.D.S. '92, of 
Uxbridge, Ont., was married to Miss 
Daisy "Stephenson, of Omemee. 

Stenhouse-Shortreed In Toronto, by 
the Rev. G. M. Milligan D.D., Miss Mar- 
garet Alice, daughter of the late 
Thomas Shortreed, was married to 
John Stenhouse, B.Sc. (Edin.) M.B. 
'94, Toronto. 

Deaths. 

Harper H. A. Harper, B.A. '95, M.A. 
'96, drowned in the Ottawa river, Dec. 
6th. 

O'Meara James Dallas O'Meara, B. 
A. '70, M.A. '74, (Rev. Canon) died at 
Winnipeg, Man. Dec. 6th. 

Sweetnam Leslie Matthew Sweet- 
nam, M.B..' M.D. '81, died at Johns 
Hopkins' Hospital, Baltimore, Md. 
Dec., llth. 



ANNOUNCEMENT. 

Alumni of the University of Toronto, who are not already sub- 
scribers to the UNIVERSITY OF TORONTO MONTHLY or who have not paid 
their annual fee to the Alumni Association, should send one dollar to 
the Secretary at once. This will insure the receipt of all publications 
issued by the Association during the present year. The presence of the 
word " Paid " in red ink on the wrapper of this issue shows that the 
receiver's fee for the current year has been paid. 

UNIVERSITY OF TORONTO MONTHLY is published during the college year 
in nine monthly issues. The subscription price is ONE DOLLAR per year, 
single copies FIFTEEN CENTS. 

All communications should be addressed to the Secretary of the 
University of Toronto Alumni Association, Dean's House, University 
of Toronto. 



THE CABSWELL COMPANY, LIMITED, PRINTERS. 



EARLY DAYS OF THE UNIVERSITY 

BY 

WM: F. A. BOYS, LL.B. 
Senior County Judge of the County of Simcoe. 



SUPPLEMENT TO THE 
UNIVERSITY OF TORONTO MONTHLY 



DECEMBER, 



EAELY DAYS OF THE UNIVERSITY. 

BY WM. F. A. BOYS, LL.B. 

T^HE recollections of one who saw the laying of the founda- 
tion stone of the proposed university buildings at the head 
of University Avenue, on April 2 3rd, 1842, who was present at 
the opening of the University of King's College, now the Uni- 
versity of Toronto, on June 8th, 1843, and heard some, if not 
all, of the inaugural lectures delivered on that occasion, may 
interest University men of a younger generation. The writer's 
father, who succeeded the Honourable Joseph Wells as Bursar 
of King's College, had his office in the centre one of the three 
buildings which then composed the Parliament Buildings, and 
with his family had rooms assigned to him under the same roof 
as his office. The library, chapel and dining-hall were also in 
that building, while the lecture rooms were in the wing. Being 
thus at the centre of university life exceptional opportunities 
were afforded of hearing and seeing all that went on. 



Before stating events within my own recollection, I will 
remind the reader that the institution came into existence by a 
Royal Charter, or Letters Patent, dated March 15th, 1827, of 
King George IV., which after reciting: "Whereas the estab- 
lishment of a college within our Province of Upper Canada in 
North America for the education of youth in the principles of 
the Christian religion, and for their instruction in the various 
branches of Science and Literature, which are taught in our 
universities in this Kingdom; would greatly conduce to the wel- 
fare of our said Province," ordained., that there should be estab- 
lished at or near the town of York in the Province of LTpper 
Canada, one college with the style and privileges of an univer- 
sity, for the education of youth and students in Arts and Facul- 
ties, to be continued forever to be called King's College, of 
which the Right Rev. Father in God, Charles James, Bishop 
of the Diocese of Quebec; or the bishop for the time being of 
the diocese in which the said town of York might be situated on 
any future division, or alteration, of the diocese of Quebec, 
should be visitor; and Sir Peregrine Maitland, Lt. -Governor 
of Quebec, or the Governor, Lt.-Governor, or person administer- 



4: UNIVERSITY OF TORONTO MONTHLY 

ing the government of that Province for the time being, should 
be the Chancellor. And that at all times there should be a 
President of the College, who was to be a clergyman of the 
United Church of England and Ireland; and also such, and so 
many, Professors in different Arts and Faculties in the said 
College, as from time to time should be deemed necessary, or 
expedient, a& should be appointed by the Crown, or by the 
Chancellor of the College in the King's behalf, and during His 
Majesty's pleasure. 

The charter ordained also that the Kev. John Strachan, D.D., 
then Archdeacon of York, should be the first President of the 
College; and that the Archdeacon of York for the time being 
should, by virtue of his office, be at all times the President 
thereof. The charter further appointed a council to be called 
" The College Council,' 7 consisting of the Chancellor and Presi- 
dent for the time being, and of seven of the Professors in Arts 
and Faculties of the College; who were to be members of the 
Church of England and Ireland; and before their admission into 
the College Council, were to sign and subscribe the Thirty-nine 
Articles of Religion as set forth in the Book of Common Prayer; 
and if at any time there should not be within the College seven 
professors, members of the Established Church, the College 
Council was to be filled up to the required number of seven, 
exclusive of the Chancellor and President, by graduates of the 
College of the Established Church, who were to subscribe the 
Thirty-nine Articles before admission to the council. 

ANNUAL FEE FROM GRADUATES. 

Provision was also made by the charter, for the council carry- 
ing on the affairs of the university for the conferring of the 
degrees of Bachelor, Master and Doctor, in the several Arts and 
Faculties, etc., and it ordained that no religious test should be 
required of any persons admitted as scholars, or to any degree, 
except in Divinity. The charter further ordained that all per- 
sons admitted to the degree of Master of Arts, or any degree in 
Divinity, Law or Medicine, should be deemed members of the 
Convocation of the University, and pay an annual fee of twenty 
shillings sterling toward the support of the College. This provi- 
sion, I fancy, has long since ceased to be observed, but contains 
a hint which might be turned to a useful account in these days 
of university starvation. A small sum levied annually to qualify 
graduates as Members of Convocation, might now produce a 
considerable amount in aid of the university funds. Still there 



EARLY DAYS OF THE UNIVERSITY 5 

are two sides to such a question, and levying a tax of this kind, 
might now prove a drawback to the success of Convocation, and 
in that way be undesirable. At all events, the alumni associa- 
tions might well consider if they could not materially help the 
University by instituting an annual voluntary payment by each 
member of some contribution in aid of the University. 

ENDOWMENT. 

King George IV., also by patent, dated January 3rd, 1828, 
endowed the University with 225,944 acres of land, and on 
March 4th, 1837, the charter was amended by 7th William IV. 
c. 16, whereby the judges of the Court of King's Bench for and 
on behalf of the King, became visitors of the College in place of 
the Bishop of Quebec, and the President of the University on 
any future vacancy, was to be appointed by the Government 
without requiring that he should be the incumbent of any ecclesi- 
astical office; and the College Council was to consist of twelve 
in number, of whom the Speaker of the two Houses of the 
Legislature of the Province, and the Attorney, and Solicitor- 
General, for the time being, were to be four, and the remainder 
should consist of the five senior professors of the College, and 
the Principal of the "Minor or Upper Canada College," The 
other two members were to be the Chancellor and President. 
It was further provided by this amending Act, that no member 
of the College Council, or any professor need be a member of 
the Church of England, or subscribe to any articles of religion 
other than a declaration that he believed in the authenticity, 
and divine inspiration, of the Old and E"ew Testaments, and in 
the. doctrine of the Trinity; and further that no religious test 
should be required, or appointed for any person admitted, or 
matriculated, as scholars within the College, or for persons 
admitted to any degree, or faculty, therein. 

UNIVERSITY CONTROL OF UPPER CANADA COLLEGE. 

By this statute also it was recited: "That it is expedient 
that the Minor or Upper Canada College lately erected in the 
city of Toronto, should be incorporated with, and form an 
appendage of, the University of King's College," and it was 
so enacted with the addition that it should be subject to the 
jurisdiction and control of the University of King's College; 
and the Principal of Upper Canada College was to be appointed 
by the King during pleasure, while the vice-principal :and 
tutors should be nominated by the Chancellor of King's College, 



6 UNIVEBSITY OF TOEOXTO MONTH J A' 

subject to the approval of the College Council. The Chancellor 
was also given power to suspend or remove the vice-principal 
or tutors of Upper Canada College, provided such suspension, 
or removal, was recommended by the Council of the University. 
These patents and statutes are referred to in order to give the 
reader a sketch of the early history of the University, and to 
enable him to understand the changes made in its name and 
constitution in later times. 

LAYING THE FOUNDATION STONE. 

Little actual work in connection with the University was per- 
formed until the 23rd of April, 1842, when the foundation stone 
of a building in University Park at the head of College Avenue, 
which was intended to be the home of the University, was laid. 
A portion of this building was erected, but the whole of it, as 
designed by MY. Thomas Young, the architect, was never fin- 
ished. Even the part completed was never occupied as a Uni- 
versity, but it was at one time used as a female lunatic asylum, 
and was finally demolished to make way for the new Parliament 
Buildings, which now adorn its site. I was present when this 
foundation stone w r as laid by Sir Charles Bagot, the then Gover- 
nor-General of British North America, and as the ceremony was 
of an imposing character, a few words in relation to it may be of 
interest, my memory being assisted by documents published at 
the time. 

April 23rd was of course the anniversary of England's Patron 
Saint, and St. George's Society, with the sister societies of St. 
Andrew and St. Patrick, first attended a service at the Cathedral 
of St. James, where the Rev. Henrv Scadding, M.A. (who" so 
recently died in Toronto), the chaplain of the first-named society, 
preached the sermon. At the conclusion of this service the 
societies marched to the grounds of Upper Canada College, 
and joined in a procession made up as follows: Escort of 1st 
Incorporated Dragoons; Pupils of the Home District Grammar 
School; Head Master and Assistant of Home District Grammar 
School; Porters of King's College and Upper Canada College; 
Superintendent of Grounds, Contractor, Superintendent of Build- 
ings'; Clerks of King's College office; Pupils of Upper Canada 
College; Junior Master of Upper Canada College; Members of 
the Faculties of Arts, Medicine, I>aw, Divinity; Architect, Bur- 
sar, Solicitor; Senior Masters of Upper Canada College; Council 
of King's College; Visitors of King's College; Bedels and Verger; 
Esquire Bedel; Senior Visitor of King's College; Chancellor; 



EAKLY DAYS OF THE UNIVERSITY 7 

President of King's College; His Excellency the Governor- 
General's suite; Officers of the Navy and Army; Executive 
Councillors; Legislative Councillors; Members of the House of 
Assembly; Bailiffs; Mayor and Corporation of the City; Judge, 
Sheriff and Wardens of the Home District; Magistrates of the 
Home District; Band; Societies of St. George, St. Patrick and 
St. Andrew; Masonic Society; Mechanics' Institute; Fire, Hook 
and Ladder Companies; Gentry; Escort of 1st Incorporated 
Dragoons. 

At one o'cock His Excellency, the Chancellor, arrived at 
Upper Canada College in an open carriage and four, escorted 
by a party of the 1st Incorporated Dragoons, and was duly 
received, and conducted to a chair of state placed on a platform 
at the front door of the College, and shaded by a canopy deco- 
rated with evergreen. An address in Latin was then read by 
the Eev. Dr. McCaul, expressing joy at the honour conferred 
upon the city by His Excellency's visit and gratitude for it, and 
commending the College to his favour and protection, and 
requesting him to accept the office of patron. The addresses 
also congratulated the Province upon the birthday of the Uni- 
versity, etc. His Excellency replied, also in Latin, expressing 
pleasure at receiving the cordial congratulations, and stating 
-that Upper Canada College should have his support; and that 
the day would ever be remembered by him; and he hoped ever 
regarded by the inhabitants of Canada as a most auspicious and 
memorable anniversary. 

The College bell then tolled the signal for the procession to 
move to the site of the proposed University buildings. The day 
was one of brilliant sunshine, and the imposing procession 
started, with the sound of military music, between two lines of 
soldiers of the 93rd Kegiment, and with the sidewalks crowded 
by people estimated to exceed ten thousand in number a remark- 
able gathering for those days. As the procession came near the 
site of the proposed buildings the way was lined by the 43rd 
Kegiment, while the Highlanders (the 93rd), mixed with the 
crowd here and there adding to the brilliancy of the scene. 
Seats in tiers had been provided at the site for about fifteen 
hundred persons, and these were filled with ladies whose dif- 
ferent coloured garments added another pleasing feature 
to the scene. 

The foundation stone to be laid was placed at the north-east 
corner of the foundation, and here His Excellency took his stand, 
and Dr. Strachan, who had then become the Lord Bishop of 



8 UNIVERSITY OF TORONTO MONTHLY 

Toronto, read to him an appropriate address, which was followed 
by prayer, offered by the Rev. Dr. Me Caul and the Rev. H. 
J. Grasett. A piece of sacred musito followed, and Judge 
Sherwood presented to His Excellency gold and silver coins, 
and a bottle in which to place them. The. Hon. W. Allan 
presented a copy of the charters and other papers, which were 
also placed in the bottle. Mr. John Beckett, a well-known 
chemist of Toronto, then corked, and tied down, and covered 
with wax and tinfoil the mouth of the bottle; and His Excel- 
lency placed it in a cavity of the stone prepared for it. This 
cavity was covered with a brass plate suitably inscribed, and 
captain, the Hon. J. S. Macaulay, presented to the Governor a 
silver trowel with an ivory handle tipped with the acorn and 
oak-leaf in silver. His Excellency then duly laid the stone, a 
salute of nineteen guns was fired by the artillery, and the band 
played God Save the Queen. Bishop Strachan finally closed the 
ceremony with prayer, and. the usual blessing. The great 
assembly of people testified their approval of the proceedings 
by giving three cheers for Her Majesty, three cheers for Sir 
Charles Bagot, and three more each for the Lord Bishop and 
the Chief Justice. George Grrnett, Esquire, a prominent 
official of the city, acted as marshal of the day, and maintained 
perfect order. In the bottle placed in the cavity of the founda- 
tion stone were deposited twenty-five coins of gold, silver, brass 
and copper; ranging in value from a Jacobus, worth twenty- 
five shillings, and a sovereign and guinea, down to a halfpenny^ 
and dating from the reign of James I. down through all the 
reigns to the second year of Queen Victoria's reign; and there 
was a single note a one dollar bill of the Bank of Upper 
Canada. In addition! to these there were deposited a Hebrew, a 
Greek and an English Testament, the amended charter of the 
University, No. 42, Vol. V. of The Church newspaper, dated 
23rd April, 1842, issued that day, and the Upper Canada College 
Register of 1839 and 1840. What has become of these coins,, 
etc., I do not know, but if they are not re-deposited in the founda- 
tion of the new University building, or in the University 
Museum, I think the alumni of the University will say they 
should have been. 

When this ceremony was over the procession returned to- 
Upper Canada College, where His Excellency entered the 
Principal's house amidst the cheers of all present. Shortly 
afterwards the Vice-regal party repaired to the College Assembly 
Hall as the guests of the Principal and masters. Here they r 



EAELY DAYS OF THE UNIVEESITY 9 

and other guests, to the number of about fifty, together with the 
college boys, sat down to a cold collation. Latin graces were 
pronounced by Arthur Wickson and Sidney Cosens, second and 
first King's College exhibitioners. Dr. McCaul, the Principal, 
who was a fine speaker, presided and introduced the toasts. 
"The Queen/ 7 of course, was the first one. Its proposal was 
received by a storm of cheers "regulated" by the Hon. "W. H, 
Draper, afterwards Chief Justice Draper, "giving the word," 
as it was then called. This old custom has gone out of fashion, 
but it gave a sort of rhythm to the cheers which was agreeable, 
although to modern ears it would likely take away from the 
applause somewhat of its spontaneity, and seem too formal. 
The next toast was that of " Sir Charles Bagot, Chancellor of 
the University." After expressing his thanks for what His 
Excellency was pleased to call " the very flattering compliment " 
paid him, the Governor-General . congratulated those present, 
and the whole Province of Canada upon the event of the day, 
and added: "Brought up myself in the University of Oxford, 
I feel that I am not altogether an incompetent judge of the 
extensive, and endless, blessings which flow from institutions 
similar to this. I have ever considered the two Universities of 
Oxford and Cambridge as the breasts of the mother country. 
From them has been derived, through a succession of ages, that 
wholesome, and invigorating, nutriment which has led to her 
gigantic growth. From them have been derived all the comforts 
of pure and social .religion, all that is useful and beneficial in 
science, all that is graceful and ornamental in literature. These 
same blessings, gentlemen, unless I greatly deceive myself, we 
have, under Providence, this day transplanted into these mighty 
regions. There may they continue from generation to genera- 
tion! There may they serve to instruct, enlighten and adorn 
your children's children, through ages yet unborn as they have 
for ages past the children of our parent state ! That they will do 
so I entertain no doubt. From the pure flame which burns upon 
the holy altars of those venerable establishments, we have this 
day brought a spark which will rapidly spread itself with equal 
purity, and, I trust, with equal splendour, over our Western 
world. ' 

After the Governor's speech a Latin ode was recited by "W. 
G. Draper, of the 7th Form, Upper Canada College, and some 
Greek Anacreontics were recited by jSTorman Bethune, also 
of the 7th Form. These recitations were no doubt composed by 
Dr. McCaul, who was recognized as one of the finest classics of 



10 UXIVEKSITY OF TORONTO MONTHLY 

his time. They both referred to the events of the day, and to 
His Excellency, in happy terms. 

The health of Bishop Strachan, the President of the Univer- 
sity, was then proposed. The establishment of a University in 
Toronto had been for years the desire of his heart, and he 
naturally looked upon the events of that day with great pride, 
and as a consummation of his efforts in that direction. When 
he rose to reply he was evidently deeply moved, and spoke with 
strong emotion, to which his Scotch accent rather gave an addi- 
tional feeling of sincerity than otherwise. He stated that he 
had looked for that day for forty years, and that the present 
was the happiest moment of his existence. As a report of the 
proceedings published at the time stated : " His feelings were 
evidently too strong for him, and he spoke with an eloquence 
far beyond that of words." 

The next day being Sunday, His Excellency attended Divine 
Service in the Cathedral, where the Rev. H. J. Grasett, subse- 
quently better known as Dean Grasett. preached a sermon, of 
which a newspaper of that time remarked: "We scarcely ever 
heard, either in England or on this Continent, so perfect a 
specimen of pulpit eloquence." In this sermon some appro- 
priate references were made to the proceedings of the day before. 

On Monday His Excellency left Toronto for Kingston, the 
then seat of Government, embarking in the Traveller steam- 
boat, which vessel some old people may still remember. Re- 
turning to the seat of Government in those days by railway was 
impossible, as there was no railway. 

IN THE PARLIAMENT BUILDINGS. 

The completion of the ceremony of laying the corner-stone 
of a building for the University still left the want of a home 
for the present time unprovided for, and in order that the actual 
educational work might be proceeded with at once, it became 
necessary to obtain suitable apartments for a chapel, lecture- 
rooms, etc. The Parliament Buildings on the bay shore, 
or Front Street, naturally presented themselves as the best avail- 
able ones in the city, for they contained two large rooms, a 
smaller one that would serve as a library, and numerous other 
looms suitable for offices and lecture-rooms. Application was 
therefore made to the Governor-General and the Executive 
Council for permission to occupy these buildings. The per- 
mission was given, and on June 'sth, 1843 the first matricula- 
tion of students took place. This event was appropriately com- 
menced in the chapel, that is, the chamber on the ground floor 



KAKIA DAYS OF THK UNIVERSITY 11 

of the west side of the centre building, and which was the one 
formerly occupied as the Legislative Council Chamber of Upper 
Canada. It was fitted up as a chapel by the best workmen in 
the city, the stalls for the professors, the seats for the students 
and the pews for the officials connected with the business depart- 
ments of the University, were all made of solid walnut, dressed 
with oil. The fitting up of these buildings was said to have 
cost -1,831 4s. 2d., the principal part of that sum having been 
laid out on the chapel. The Rev. Dr. Beaven, Professor of 
Divinity, officiated, the lessons being read by Mr. Barron, one 
of the masters, and afterwards the Principal of Upper Canada 
College. The service at an end, the members of the congrega- 
tion and others who had tickets of admission, proceeded to the 
hall on the other side of the building, formerly used by the 
Legislative Assembly of Upper Canada. 

The Mayor and Corporation of the City had been invited to 
be present, and had accepted the invitation by a formal resolu- 
tion, stating it would afford them the highest gratification to 
witness an event which they deemed not only so auspicious to 
their fellow-citizens, but as tending to promote the most happy 
results, and lasting benefits, to the entire Province; and they 
ordered that the note of invitation should be entered upon their 
journals, with the resolution; and no doubt the entry may still 
be found there, under the date of June 5th, 1843. When the 
Mayor and Corporation arrived at the Hall, they were received 
in due form by the Rev. Dr. McCaul, Yice-President of the 
University, who conducted them to their seats. The procession 
then entered in the following order: 

Section I. Upper Canada College Pupils, Ex-Pupils there- 
of; Porters; Masters. 

Section II. -University of King's College: Porters; Stu- 
dents; Bursar and Curator; Professors; Verger; Bedel; Presi- 
dent ; Yice-President. 

Section III. Graduates not members of the University; 
Doctors of Divinity; Doctors of Law; Doctors of Medicine; 
Bachelors of Divinity; Masters of Arts; Bachelors of Law; Bach- 
elors of Medicine; Bachelors of Arts. 

The officers of the University and College, and the graduates, 
were in academic costume, and took their seats on a carpeted 
dais on the east side of the hall, and 011 a raised platform a chair 
was placed for the Chancellor, His Excellency the Governor, but 
it was vacant throughout the ceremony, owing to the pressure 
of public business preventing Sir Charles Metcalfe's attendance. 



12 UNIVERSITY OF TORONTO MONTHLY 

Bishop Strachan, the President, acted as Presiding Officer in 
the absence of the Chancellor. On his right and left were stalls 
for the following Professors of the University : The Rev. John 
McCaul, LL.D., Professor of Classical Literature, Belles Lettres, 
Rhetoric and Logic; the Rev. James Beaven, D.D.. Professor 
of Divinity, Metaphysics and Moral Philosophy ; Richard Potter, 
Esq., M.A., Professor of Mathematics and Natural Philosophy; 
Henry H. Croft, Esq., Professor of Chemistry and Experimental 
Philosophy; "William C. Gwynne, Esq., M.B., Professor of 
Anatomy and Physioloy; John King, Esq., M.D., Professor of 
Theory and Practice of Medicine; William H. Blake, Esq., 
B.A., Professor of Law; William Beaumont, Esq., M.R.C.S., 
Professor of Principles of Practice of Surgery. 

Behind these Professors sat the graduates and the masters of 
Upper Canada College, and a number of clergymen, in their 
robes. Under the gallery at the west side sat the pupils and ex- 
pupils of Upper Canada College. 

Upon all present being seated, Henry Boys, Esq., M.D., F. 
L.S. (the Bursar), called up the students to subscribe the de- 
claration of obedience to the Statutes, Rules and Ordinances, a 
declaration readily taken, and, I fear, in. some respects as readily 
broken. The students before taking their seats retired and as- 
sumed the academic costume, consisting of the undergraduate's 
black gown, as worn by the Pensioners of Clare Hall, Cam- 
bridge, of which the Rev. Dr. Harries, the first Principal of Up- 
per Canada College, had been a member. Twenty-six students 
were enrolled. A large proportion of these became distin- 
guished men in the professions, and in other walks of lif e the 
legal profession being then, as now, the most attractive, for fully 
half of the twenty-six became law r yers. The Church appears to 
have won but four out the whole number, as far as I can remem- 
ber. The names of all on the first roll of students are interest- 
ing, as being names closely connected through the students that 
bore them, or through their parents, or other members of their 
families, with the history of the country. I think the reader 
will require no apology from me for giving them all. They 
were: Frederick W. Barren, Edmund Baldwin, Norman 
Bethune, Charles K Boulton, Henry J. Boulton, Joseph A. 
Cathcart, George Crookshank, W. G. Draper, Elliott Grasett, 
James T. Hagerman, John Helliwell, William P. Jarvis, Henry 
B. Jessop, Edward C. Jones, William M. Lyons, John J. Macau- 
lay, Samuel S. Macdonell, Thomas A. McLean, Arthur D. Maule, 
James Patton, John Roaf, Christopher Robinson, Alfred 
Sharpe, Larratt W. Smith, James Stanton and Walter Stennett. 



EARLY DAYS OF THE UNIVERSITY 13 

After the admission of these gentlemen as students of the 
University, interesting and able speeches were delivered by the 
Hon. and Right Rev. Bishop Strachan, the President of the Uni- 
versity; the Rev. Dr. Me Caul, the Vice-President; the Hon. 
Chief Justice Robinson, and the Hon. Mr. Justice Hagerman. 
These speeches, as reported at the time, were too long to be here 
given in full, but were too historical and important to be entirely 
passed over; some extracts must suffice. The Bishop's speech 
was particularly interesting, as his Lordship gave therein a resume 
of the early efforts of the inhabitants of Upper Canada to obtain 
educational facilities for their children, from the time when 
England recognized the independence of the United States down 
to the establishment of Upper Canada College, and the opening 
of the University. 

The President commenced by saying: "We are assembled 
to celebrate the opening of the University of King's College 
an event to which many have been looking forward nearly 
half a century. It is a consummation of the greatest importance 
to the well-being of this great Colony, and the proceedings with 
which it is attended will henceforth become matter of history. 
I can, therefore, in no better way commence the business of the 
day, than by giving a brief narrative of its rise and progress from 
its dawning to the present hour. The time will come when every 
the smallest particular respecting the origin of this institution 
the delays it had to suffer, and the obstacles it had to surmount 
will become matter of the deepest interest to its many sons." 

The President then referred to the Province having become 
the asylum of many loyal subjects of the Crown who left the 
United States when peace was declared at the conclusion of the 
Revolutionary War, and mentioned the fact that in a little more 
than five years after their first settlement, they memorialized the 
Governor-General of British North America on the subject of 
education, asking for the establishment of a seminary at King- 
ston, the then principal town in the Province, Lord Dor- 
chester, the Governor-General, the Bishop said, at once gave 
directions to the Surveyor-General to set apart eligible portions 
of land for the future support of schools in all the new settle- 
ments. Before any substantial benefit could be derived from 
such reservations, the Constitutional Act was passed, dividing 
the Province of Quebec into Upper and Lower Canada, with a 
District Government for each. 

Soon after the passing of this Act, General Simcoe was ap- 
pointed Governor, and he applied himself earnestly to the religi- 
ous and secular education of the people; but, through his removal 



14 UNIVERSITY OF TOKCLNTO MONTHLY 

to another Government, he was unable to complete the establish- 
ment of a seminary of learning adequate to the requirements of 
the Colony, and it was not till the session of 1797 that the Legis- 
lature took up the subject- of public instruction, and an address i<> 
the Imperial Government was agreed to, imploring the King to 
direct the proper authorities in the Province to appropriate a por- 
tion of the waste lands of the Crown for the purpose of educa- 
tion. The address asked that the lands so appropriated should 
be sold in order to produce a sufficient fund for the purpose of 
erecting and endowing a respectable grammar school in each Dis- 
trict, and also a college, or university, for the instruction of the 
youth of the whole Province in the different branches of liberal 
knowledge. "This/ 7 said the President, "was the first time 
that a university was publicly mentioned as necessary for the 
Colony, and it has never, from that time to this, the day of its 
happy consummation been forgotten." 

This address was complied with and orders were sent to the 
Hon. Peter Russell, then at the head of the Government, to con- 
sult with the Colonial officials, and call upon them to report 
in what manner, and to what extent, a portion of the Crown 
Lands might be appropriated for such important purposes. 
These gentlemen in their report recommended that as soon as 
the sale of the lands was possible, four grammar schools should 
be established one for each of the districts into which Canada 
West was at that time divided. The report also recommended 
the founding of a university at Toronto (then York) whenever 
the Province should require such an institution, and that one- 
half at least of the lands set apart be reserved for this purpose. 
Continuing, the President stated that owing to the small value 
of land, it was soon discovered that the sum required would far 
exceed any fund that could be expected from the appropriation 
that in fact the whole of it, consisting of more than half a mil- 
lion of acres, would scarcely suffice for a single grammar school. 
All further proceedings were therefore postponed till the in- 
crease of population, and growing settlements, made the lands 
more valuable. This project, however, was so distant that the 
Legislature began to feel it necessary to do something effectual 
towards the promotion of education. A law was accordingly 
passed in 1807, establishing a grammar school in every district, 
and thus was made a commencement of education of great im- 
portance to the country. i 

Though necessarily delayed, the prospect of establishing the 
University was never lost sight of, for in 1810, when a statute 
was passed to increase the representation in the Commons House 



EARLY DAYS OF THE UNIVERSITY 15 

of Assembly, it was among other things provided, that whenever 
the University was established, it should be represented by one 
member. 

In 1822 leave to establish a board for the general superin- 
tendence of education in the Province was obtained. The 
rapid increase in the wealth and population of the Colony caused 
the want of a university to be more and more felt, while so long- 
as the Government made gratuitous grants to settlers, there 
were few purchasers of the lands set apart for educational pur- 
poses, and therefore inadequate endowment for the University. 

Yet the cry for the University became daily more urgent, 
and in 1823 a method of securing an available endowment was 
happily discovered. From the first settlement of the Province, 
two-sevenths of all the lands in the settled townships had been 
reserved one for the maintenance of a Protestant clergy, called 
"Clergy Reserves," the other still remained for special purposes 
at the disposal of the Government, and were called "Crown Re- 
serves." Some of these latter had become very valuable, and 
it was proposed to exchange part of the school lands for a like 
quantity of Crown Reserves, and thus secure an immediate en- 
dowment of the University. The Governor, .Sir Peregrine 
Maitland, approved of the proposal, and submitted it to the 
Home Government, together with an application for a Royal 
Charter for establishing the University. The President, contin- 
uing his speech, .said : "As local inf ormation, and many explan- 
ations, might be required, instead of confining himself to writing 
on the subject, His Excellency committed the duty to me of 
soliciting in person such Royal Charter and endowment." 

The President said he left Toronto (then York) on the 16th 
of March, 1826, and reached London on the 27th of April, and 
lost no time in bringing the objects of his journey under the 
notice of His Majesty's Government. Getting the charter was 
even a more tedious business than making the journey to Lon- 
don, for the President stated in his address: "The charter of 
the University of King's College was not hastily settled. It 
was nearly a year under serious deliberation. It was repeat- 
edly referred to the Archbishop of Canterbury, the Most Rev. 
Dr. Manners, who doubted the propriety of assenting to an in- 
strument so free and comprehensive in its provisions. It was 
considered not only the most open charter for a university that 
had ever been granted, but the most liberal that could be framed 
on constitutional principles, and His Majesty's Government de- 
clared that in passing it they had gone to the utmost limit of 



concession." 



16 UNIVERSITY OF TORONTO MONTHLY 

On His Lordship's return to the Province with the charter 
and authority for the endowment, the Chancellor, Sir Peregrine 
Maitlandf lost no time in forming the College Council, and sche- 
dules of the lands were prepared and were secured by patent to 
the University. 

\Yhen the Legislature met on the 15th January, 1828, the 
Governor announced to the House the issue of letters patent 
establishing in the Province a College, with the style and privi- 
leges of a university, to be called' "King's College." In acknow- 
ledging this communication the Legislative Council expressed 
their grateful feelings for so valuable a boon, but the President 
stated: "The House of Assembly returned thanks in very 
measured terms." The fact was the religious tests, and the 
establishment of a Professorship in Theology for the Church of 
England alone, were* not acceptable to the members of other 
churches. Petitions from the people to the Assembly were got 
up against the charter, resulting in the House requesting from 
the Lieutenant-Governor a copy of the charter, information 
respecting endowment, and other matters connected with the 
institution. These were supplied, and in less than a month 
thereafter an address to His Majesty was agreed upon by the 
House of Assembly, "in which," the President stated, "objec- 
tions were urged against the charter of the University, as being 
of a nature too exclusive." 

~No doubt the terms of the charter, from an English stand- 
point, where the Church of England was an established church, 
and also from the standpoint of the members of that Church in 
Canada, were reasonable enough; but from a general Canadian 
view, where ail churches were upon the same footing, and the 
population was, as now, in religious matters, very much divided, 
the charter was not considered suitable. The matter was taken 
up by a select committee of the House of Commons in England, 
and a change in the constitution of the College Council was 
recommended, and also that no religious test should be required, 
and that a Theological Professor of the Church of Scotland 
should be appointed as well as one of the Church of England. 

Continuing his speech the President stated: "In the mean- 
time a minute and accurate inspection of every lot of the endow- 
ment was obtained, so that the College Council might do justice 
to the important trust committed to them, and at the same time* 
act fairly by individuals. The Lieutenant-Governor also ob- 
tained an annuity of one thousand pounds sterling out of the 
proceeds of lands sold to the Canada Company, towards erecting 



EARLY DAYS OF THE UNIVERSITY 



17 



the necessary buildings for the University. A site, the most eligi- 
ble that could ^ be procured, was selected for these buildings; 
plans and specifications on a respectable scale were under con- 
sideration, and everything portended the speedy commencement 
of the institution, when its great promoter and patron, Sir Pere- 
grine Maitland, was removed to a better Government. A very 
few days after Sir John Colborne (Lord Seaton) assumed the ad- 
ministration of the Colony. He convened the College Council, 
and acting as it was supposed under special instructions, stated 
that no further steps should be taken towards bringing the Uni- 
versity into operation. "His Excellency s communication," the 
President said, "was made in terms the most positive; for he de- 
clared that one stone should not be put upon another until cer- 
tain alterations had been made in the charter; and he utterly 
refused, as -Chancellor, to concur in any measures having for 
their object the progress of the institution." The President 
continued: "Under the circumstances thus announced in a 
manner altogether unusual and not likely to be forgotten, the 
College Council could but submit, in the earnest hope that a 
more correct consideration of the subject would lead to a removal 
of a prohibition for which there was not, in my judgment, and I 
believe in that of any member at that time, adequate cause." 

His Excellency, after exciting the indignation of the Presi- 
dent by his stand against proceeding with the University, seems 
to have greatly mollified him by his future conduct, for he 
stated further on that the new Lieutenant-Governor "Must not 
be deemed an enemy to education; for he urged the propriety 
of enlarging the foundation of the Royal Grammar School, in 
order that it might better serve asi a preparatory seminary to the 
University, when established. To this the College Council 
readily gave their consent,, and to so great an extent, as to incur 
a very heavy responsibility in advancing to build Upper Can- 
ada College, large sums out of the endowment of the University, 
and it is only justice to remark that the institution has well an- 
swered the purposes for which it was erected." 

On March 20th, 1829, the Legislature passed various resolu- 
tions modifying the charter, to which the Lieutenant-Governor 
promised his ready attention. No further proceedings appear 
to have been had regarding the University till the session of 
1831 and 1832, when another address to the King was adopted, 
praying that the charter of King's College might be cancelled 
on account of its exclusiveness, and another granted more open 
in its provisions. 



18 UNIVERSITY OF TORONTO MONTHLY 

This, perhaps, was the most critical period in the history of the 
University, for the address to the King was followed by a de- 
spatch from the Home Government proposing to the members of 
the College Council to surrender the charter, together with the 
endowment, on the assurance from the Secretary of State that 
no part of the endowment should ever be diverted from the edu- 
cation of youth. The College Council, "in an able report/" as 
the President went on to say, "stated their reasons for refusing 
compliance with this extraordinary request, and that they did not 
think it right to concur in surrendering the charter of King's 
College, or its endowment; that they did not feel, or profess to 
feel, a sufficient assurance, that after they had consented to 
destroy a college founded by their Sovereign, under as unre- 
stricted, and open, a charter as had ever passed the Great Seal 
of England for a similar purpose, the different branches of the 
Legislature would be able to concur in establishing another that 
would equally secure to the inhabitants of this Colony, through 
successive generations, the possession of a seat of learning in 
which sound religious instruction should be dispensed, and in 
which care should be taken to guard against those occasions of 
instability, dissension and confusion, the foresight of which had 
led, in our parent state, to the making an uniformity of religion 
in each University throughout the Empire, an indispensable fea- 
ture in its constitution." 

The stand thus taken by the College Council saved the charter 
in its original form for the rest of Sir John Colborne's time as 
Lieutenant-Governor, but during the reign of his successor, Sir 
Francis Bond Head, the College Council had to submit to some 
changes made by the Legislature in the charter, and they then 
adopted the. measures necessary for bringing it into operation. 
"But, said the Bishop, "just as the preliminary steps were 
arranged contracts' for the buildings ready to be signed, and 
professors and teachers about to be appointed the rebellion 
of 1837 broke out, and for a time suspended this, and many 
other excellent measures." 

During the remainder of Sir Francis Bond Head's regime, 
and the two following short administrations, no proceedings 
of much importance were had respecting the University. 
The President continued: "The short interval which inter- 
vened between the lamented death of Lord Sydenham, and the 
arrival of Sir Charles Bagot, was a blank in the history of the 
University, but no sooner had Sir Charles Bagot assumed the 
government, than King's College engaged his particular atten- 
tion. Being himself a scholar, and a university man, he saw at 



EAKLY DAYS OF THE UNIVERSITY 19 

once the vast importance of such a seminary in a rising country, 
and lie set his heart upon its immediate establishment. In 
accordance with his ardent desires on this subject, the first dis- 
tinguished step of his administration was to come to Toronto 
and to lay the foundation stone. It is a day ever to be had in 
remembrance, and only second to this on which the business 
of the institution begins." 

After referring to various colleges and universities in Eng- 
land, Scotland, the United States and Lower Canada, and the 
alliance therein between religion and secular learning, and stat- 
ing that their respective governors would not admit any other 
denomination to interfere in any part of their management, or 
modes of instruction, and that they bore no unequivocal char- 
acter, and did not emit any uncertain sound; he declared that 
the original charter of the University of King's College was 
neither exclusive nor restrictive, when compared with colleges 
of reputation in Europe and America. He further said 
the same consideration also convinced him that had the Uni- 
versity been permitted to proceed under the Royal charter with- 
out alteration, it would have been far more efficient for all the 
purposes intended, than in its present form. But so much 
evil and inconvenience had arisen from continued disputes and 
delay, that the College Council thought it expedient in 1837, 
to concur in some modifications, such as the removing of tests 
and qualifications, except a declaration of belief in the authen- 
ticity and divine inspiration of the Old and Xew Testaments, 
and in the doctrine of the Holy Trinity. 

The President also stated that no step would be permitted 
that was not in accordance with the provisions and intentions 
of the amended charter that parents not of the Church of 
England, had a right to expect that their children, who came 
for instruction at the University, should not be tampered with 
in matters of religion, and that such a right would be conscienti- 
ously respected. Dispensations would be given from attending 
chapel to all those pupils whose parents and guardians required 
them. 

Then after mentioning that the aid and protection of estab- 
lished seats of learning are required, to give, as it were, a lasting 
basis to useful knowledge, and insure its gradual accumulation; 
and that the universities of Europe, and more especially of 
Great Britain, in these respects, had nobly discharged their 
duty; his Lordship stated: "And the time will come, when we, 
too, can look back to our own line of celebrated men brought 
up at this seminary, whose character and attainments shall cast 



20 UNIVERSITY OF TORONTO MONTHLY 

a glory around it, and become, as it were, the genius of the 
institution." 

The President ended his powerful and eloquent address, of 
which but a portion has been given, or referred to, in these 
pages, with the following sentences: "We need not fear any 
deficiency in the cultivation of such arts as lead to the gratifica- 
tion of luxury and refinement, to the accumulation of wealth, 
and the establishment of power. All feel that the demands 
made by the senses are so constant and imperious that they 
require little or no special encouragement. But in this institu- 
tion, our chief care will, it is hoped, ever be to cherish and 
strengthen in our youth those principles and affections, which 
give our finite being wings to soar above this transitory scene, 
and energy to that mental vision which shall enable them to 
look with confidence on the glories of the spiritual, when this, 
our material world, is vanishing rapidly away." 

The other speakers who delivered addresses at the opening 
of King's College, were the Rev. Dr. McCaul, the Vice-Presi- 
dent, the Hon. Chief Justice Robinson, and the Hon. Mr. 
Justice Hagerman. Dr. McCaul, after congratulating the 
students on their admission to the University, offered for their 
guidance some observations of a practical tendency. He 
impressed upon them the importance of duly estimating the 
position in which they stood, pointing out that their exertions 
would be proportionate to their sense of their responsibilities. 
That their boyhood had passed, giddy thoughtlessness was to be 
exchanged for sober reflection that attention to their interests 
was to give place to that zealous and steady industry, which 
prudent regard to their future welfare enforces as a duty that 
they were to think, and act, as youths entering on a new and 
most important epoch of existence an epoch in which that 
information was to bo collected, from whose stores they were to 
draw when engaged in the active duties of those stations in which 
it might please Providence to place them those habits were to 
be formed on which their future success would mainly depend 
that reputation was to be acquired which was to recommend 
them in their debut on the stage of life those principles were 
-to be established by which they were to shape their course 
amidst the. trials and difficulties of busy and anxious manhood. 

The Vice-President then invited the students' attention to a 
rapid survey of the topics which he had just mentioned as the 
prominent characteristics of the career on which they were then 
entering. He glanced at the different subjects of study from which 
it would be alike their duty and their privilege to collect the 



EARLY DAYS OF THE UNIVERSITY 2J 

information that would be useful to them thereafter. The 
speaker then dwelt in detail upon the advantages to be derived 
from the study of classical literature and the kindred pursuits 
of logic, rhetoric and belles lettres of mathematical science 
of the sciences comprised under natural and experimental phil- 
osophy, mechanical science metaphysical and moral science. 

"But/' Dr. McCaul said, "we should form a most incorrect 
estimate of the advantages to be derived from university educa- 
tion, if w r e were to limit them to the benefits of the knowledge 
which is thus acquired. Important as these are, they are not 
superior in value to the habits which are formed habits which 
I would almost say, are more practically useful, than even the 
information which is amassed." He then referred to the habits 
of industry and perseverance of laborious and patient research 
the powers of concentration, and of readiness in the application 
of knowledge of doing well whatever was to be done of unit- 
ing to perfect acquaintance with the subject, exactness and preci- 
sion in the use of language. Then after referring to the mani- 
fest benefits of a system which requires punctuality and order, 
and enforces subordination and deference to authority, he called 
attention to the advantages which a university affords as the 
transition state in which youth, passing from the tender and 
anxious care of fond relatives, is prepared for the roughness of 
life, and trained to dependence on its own resources, and to 
those manners which become and adorn the gentleman, teaching 
to combine with self-respect, punctilious regard to the feelings 
of others, and inspiring a taste for those amenities which give 
to society its most attractive charms. He mentioned, also, the 
advantages arising from the reputation which students in the 
university have the opportunity of acquiring the reputation 
conferred by academic distinctions, which is the best introduction 
to be obtained on entrance into life as it produces a prestige 
in favour of those who have won them. And he called atten- 
tion to the important fact that the influence of an honourable 
university career was not merely felt by others, as the acquisi- 
tion of such honours produces a most powerful and beneficial 
effect on those who have obtained them. " The memory,'' he 
said, "of their well-earned distinctions inspires an animating 
confidence in their strength for the conflict in which they are 
engaged when struggling for eminence on the arena of life 
they remember that when they entered the lists before, they 
bore away the prize they feel that the result in this case too, 
must be the same if they but apply similar power they have 
conquered before on another field, they are persuaded that on 



. 
22 UNIVERSITY OF TORONTO MONTHLY 

this, too, the wreath of victory will encircle their brow 'possunt 
'(/u/ti posse videnfur.' Nerve yourselves then, my young friends, 
for the ennobling competition in which oft-times even defeat 
is honourable. If your exertions should not be rewarded with 
the branch, yet you cannot fail to obtain the fruit. Persevere 

be steady desultory efforts are of no avail, or when they do 
succeed, success is frequently dearly purchased by a shattered 
constitution. To the struggle you are incited by that gener- 
ous desire of distinction which the Almighty seems to have 
implanted in the human breast, as an incentive to exertions 
which may yield benefit to ourselves and to our fellow-creatures 

to the struggle you are incited by the prospect of future con- 
tests, in which nobler prizes are to be obtained, and on which 
you will enter with more sure dependence on yourselves, if you 
are supported by the confidence of past success; and with warmer 
interests of others in your behalf; if you bear the insignia of 
academic honour. Rest not satisfied with the mere distinction 
of titles, which however high, prove no more than that you 
have attained the minimum of requirement for the degree, 
the University invites you to her highest honours, nor does she 
draw any line of separation amongst her alumni, her invitation 
to all is 

' Cuncti adsint meritaeque expectent prsemia palmse.' 

" But I should indeed mislead you, my young friends, if I did 
not point out to you a motive for diligent attention to your 
studies, even nobler than those which I have now placed before 
you as incentives to exertion. The sense of duty should ever 
be uppermost in your minds, and with it for your guiding prin- 
ciple, even if you should not obtain the honours of the Univer- 
sity? you will undoubtedly secure the solid and substantial 
advantages of an university education. 

" The last subject to which I purposed diverting your atten- 
tion is the principles, which should be established, during your 
university career. Think not that because you are not yet' to 
enter on the business of life, you will be exempt here from temp- 
tations which will try the strength of your moral and religious 
principles. Be watchful then as to the habits which you form 
-be cautious as to the companions whom you select habit 
will render you indifferent to vices to which you were at first 
averse ' primo invisa postremo amantur ' and bad company 
will confirm that vitiated taste. Ever bear in mind that intel- 
lectual cultivation will be but a frail defence against the seduc- 
tive influences which will assail you, and that learning without 



EARLY DAYS OF THE UNIVERSITY 23 

sound principle, is but as a goodly ship deprived of her rudder. 
Human science will not be a safeguard amidst the perilous trials 
of your age no, nor can philosophy forge arms which can 
protect you the heart must be right as well as the head pro- 
found scholarship is as nothing without fervent Christianity, 
and love of God is stronger than all the moral principles which 
ancient or modern ethics ever taught/' 

The eloquent speaker concluded his admirable address to the 
students by impressing upon them the importance of remember- 
ing the period of life at which they had the opportunity of enjoy- 
ing the advantages to which he had adverted, and asked them 
to remember that opportunities once lost, can never be recalled; 
and that neglect, and indolence, in youth, are ever the certain 
precursors of mortifying disappointment in manhood, of bitter 
and unavailing regret in old age. 

Chief Justice Eobinson then followed with an address in which 
he congratulated the President on the success of his persevering 
efforts to establish the University, and said: "That persever- 
ance surmounts all difficulties has not often been more strikingly, 
or more happily, evinced. The suggestions which before this 
century began, your Lordship, from your intimate friendly rela- 
tion with a much honoured member of the Government, had an 
opportunity of urging, are now at length about to take the shape 
of measures, but not until the century has nearly half elapsed; 
and yet by the care of a kind Providence, your Lordship, is 
spared to witness the consummation of hopes that have been 
dearly cherished through so many years of delays and difficulties. 
That you should have the distinguished honour of having your 
name go down to posterity as the first President of the Univer- 
sity of King's College, is but the legitimate reward of years of 
faithful, and most useful service in the cause of education, and 
of a devotion to its interests so comprehensive in its character, 
and so unremitting, that there is no gradition, or department, 
of instruction which has not in its turn received your anxious 
care. In laying the foundation of the system of common schools 
twenty-seven years ago, your Lordship, it is well known, took a 
prominent part; and at a little earlier period, as I well remem- 
ber, it was at the suggestion, and upon the earnest insistance of 
your Lordship, that the statute was procured to which we are 
indebted for the District Grammar Schools throughout Upper 
Canada; in which schools alone, for more than twenty years, 
the means of obtaining a liberal education were to be found, 
and which, throughout that period, and to this moment, have 
conferred upon the country advantages beyond our power to 



24 UNIVERSITY OF TORONTO MONTHLY 

estimate. I refer to these district schools, my .Lord, with pecu- 
liar pleasure, for it was at one of these schools, conducted by 
yourself, that I received the instruction without which I can- 
not but feel that my career in life must have been one of a very 
different description, and which, if that opportunity had not 
been considerately extended to me as it was by your Lordship's 
kindness, I could assuredly not have obtained. I refer to them 
also with pleasure, my Lord, because I know that it enhances the 
gratification which your Lordship receives from this day's pro- 
ceedings, that among those connected with this University, 
are three gentlemen who, with me, were educated under your 
Lordship's care at one of those district schools, and who were 
entrusted by the Legislature with the office of Visitors of King's 
College, in consequence of their elevation to the highest seat 
of justice in the colony. Your Lordship may be assured that 
it is to them, and to me, a source of particular satisfaction, that 
we have lived to see you enjoy the fulfilment of a hope so long 
indulged, and that if, at last, your Lordship is not to take that 
active direction in the internal government of the University 
which the Royal charter provides for, it is only because you 
have been raised to a station of which the duties are even higher,, 
and more sacred. Upon you, Mr. Vice-President, the gratifying 
honour has been conferred of selecting you to discharge those 
offices of internal government and actual superintendence of 
the instruction to be dispensed within these walls, which, from 
the elevation of the Right Reverend President to the Episcopal 
Bench, it has been found necessary to place in other hands 
than his." 

The Chief Justice then congratulated the country upon the 
singular advantages the Vice-President possessed for the per- 
formance of the duties he had undertaken, and referred to the 
advantages to be derived from a university, and concluded with 
some remarks upon the controversy over the original charter of 
King's College. 

The last speaker was the Hon. Mr. Justice Hagerman, who 
offered some reflections upon the influence which King's College 
was destined to produce on the state of society generally, and 
upon the learned professions particularly, throughout the Prov- 
ince; and recalled the small beginning of the two greatest uni- 
versities in the world. He contrasted the darkness of that gloomy 
period with the glorious light which those great literary lumin- 
aries had diffused and were still diffusing, throughout the world. 
He contended that the pages of history showed that the most 
illustrious men of modern times received their instruction at 
the British Universities. And he dwelt upon the advantages 



EARLY DAYS OF THE UNIVERSITY 25 

a university offered to the professions of Law, Medicine and 
Divinity, and to society generally. 

These speeches concluded the opening of the University on 
June 8th, 1843. 

Besides the professors, for whom stalls were provided in the 
hall where the opening ceremonies took place, were several 
others; and these may be mentioned, together Avith all the other 
officials appointed up to- that time, in the order of their respec- 
tive appointments. I think our Magazine should contain in its- 
first volume a record of this kind, and that an effort should be 
made to continue the list of appointments down to the present 
day, and from time to time hereafter as other appointments 
are made. 

LIST OF THE UNIVERSITY OFFICERS, FROM 1828 TO 1843. 
KING'S COLLEGE. 

Chancellors. Sir Peregrine Maitland, K.C.B. 1828; Sir John Col- 
borne, K.C.B. 1829; Sir Francis Bond Head, K.C.H. 1836; Sir George 
Arthur, K.C.H. 1838; Right Hon. Charles Poulett Thompson, 1840; 
Right Hon. Sir Charles Bagot, G.C.B. 1842; Right Hon. Sir Charles 
T. Metcalf, Bart. G.C.B. 1843. 

Visitors. The Right Rev. the Lord Bishop of Quebec, 1828; The 
Right Rev. the Lord Bishop of Montreal, 1836; The Hon. J. B. Robin- 
son, 1837; The Hon. L. P. Sherwood, 1837; The Hon. J. B. Macaulay, 
1837; The Hon. Jonas Jones, 1837: The Hon. A. McLean, 1837; The Hon. 
C. A. Hagerman, 1837. 

President. The Hon. and Venerable John Strachan, D.D., LL.D., 
Archdeacon of York, 1828, afterwards the first Lord Bishop of Toronto. 

Council. Besides the Chancellors and the President above men- 
tioned, the following members of Council were appointed: The Hon 
Sir W. Campbell, Chief Justice of Upper Canada, 1828; The Hon. 
Thomas Ridout, Surveyor-General, 1828; The Rev. Thomas Phillips, 
D.D., Head Master of Upper Canada College, 1828; John B. Robinson, 
Esq., Attorney-General of Upper Canada, 1828, afterwards Chief Jus- 
tice; Henry John Boulton, Esq., Solicitor-General of Upper Canada, 
1828, afterwards Attorney-General; Grant Powell, Esq., 1828; Chris- 
topher Widmer, Esq., 1829; The Rev. J. H. Harris, D.D., Principal of 
Upper Canada College, 1830; R. S. Jameson, Esq., Attorney-General 
of Upper Canada, 1834, afterwards Vice-Chancellor of the Court of 
Chancery; The Hon. Sir A. N. MacNab, 1837; The Hon. A. Cavillier, 
1841; The Hon. W. H. Draper, 1840, Attorney-General U.C., afterwards 
Chief Justice; The Hon. Robert Baldwin, 1842, Attorney-General U.C.; 
The Hon. J. E. Small, 1842; The Rev. James Beaven, D.D.; Richard 
Potter, Esq.. M.A.; Henry H. Croft, Esq.; Wm. C. Gwynne, Esq., M.B., 
1843; The Hon. R. B. Sullivan, 1837; The Hon. W. Allan, 1837; The 
Rev. H. J. Grasett, B.A. 1842; Christopher Widmer, Esq., 1842. 

Bursar. The Hon. Jos_eph Wells, 1828. 

Registrars. James Givens, Esq., 1828; The Hon. George Mark- 
land, 1828. 

Bursars and Registrars The Hon. Joseph Wells, 1833; Henry Boys, 
Esq., M.D., P.L.S.. 1839. 

Professors. The Rev. John McCaul, LL.D., Professor of Classics, 
Rhetoric, Belles Lettres and Logic; The Rev. James Beaven, D.D., 
Professor of Divinity, Metaphysics and Moral Philosophy; Richard 
Potter, Esq., M.A., Professor of Mathematics and Natural Philosophy; 



26 r.NLYKRSLTY OF TORONTO MONTHLY 

Henry H. Croft, Esq., Professor of Chemistry and Experimental Phil- 
osophy; Wm. C. Gwynne, Esq., M.B., Professor of Anatomy and Physio- 
logy; John King, Esq., M.D., Professor of Theory and Practice of Medi- 
cine; Wm. H. Blake, Esq., B.A., Professor of Law and Jurisprudence; 
Wm. Beaumont, Esq., M.R.C.S.L., Professor of Principles and Practice 
of Surgery; George Herrick, Esq., M.D., Professor of Midwifery and 
Diseases of Women and Children; Wm. B. Nicol, Esq., M.D., Profes- 
sor of Maleria Medeica, Pharmacy and Botany; Henry B. Sullivan, 
Esq., M.R.C.S.L., Professor of Practical Anatomy, and Curator of the 
Anatomical and Pathological Museum. All these original Professors 
of the University were appointed in 1843. Rev. Robt. Murray, Pro- 
fessor of Mathematics and Natural Philosophy, 1844; Lucius O'Brien, 
M.D., Professor of Medical Jurisprudence, 1845; J. M. Herschf elder, 
Professor of Hebrew Language and Literature, 1845; Skeffington Con- 
nor, LL.D., Professor of Law and Jurisprudence, 1848. 

Esquire Bedel. Wm. Cayley, Esq., M.A. 

Solicitor. The Hon. J. E. Small, Solicitor-General of Upper Canada. 

Architect. Mr. Young. 

Bursar's Clerks. Mr. Hawkins, Mr. Cochrane, Mr. Tincombe. 

Yeoman Bedel. Daniel Orris. 

Superintendent of Grounds. John Wedd. 

Attendant on Professor of Natural Philosophy. James Patterson. 

Attendant on Professor of Chemistry. P. Marling. 

Attendant on Curator of Museum. James Cody. 

Messenger. Wm. Morrow. 

Porters. JEneas Bell, Wm. Davidson. 

THE CHANGES OF 1849. 

From the opening of the College in 1843 complaints grew 
louder and louder that it was a Church of England College and 
had obtained its funds, not from the members of that church, 
but from the public lands! and the public chest. This and other 
matters caused what were known as sectarian controversies. The 
two most prominent figures in these were Bishop Strachan and 
the Hon. Robert Baldwin. The Bishop of course advocated the 
cause of the college and of the English clergy, and Mr. Bald- 
win championed the party desiring to see the College entirely 
separated from the Church of England, and the Clergy Re- 
serves secularized. After several abortive attempts on the part 
of Mr. Baldwin and his political friends, the Bishop was beaten, 
and in 1849 the Royal Charter of the College was cancelled 
and the institution re-incorporated, not as King's College, but as 
the University of Toronto, with all traces of religious domina- 
tion removed ,and its control placed in the hands of the Govern- 
ment of the Province. 

The Bishop, who may fairly be considered the father of the 
University, proposed at first to make it a Church of England 
College, and would never have worked for it as he did with 
any other understanding, but from time to time he had given 
way to adverse pressure, and allowed the religious aspect of the 
institution to be modified until at the opening ceremonies he 



EAELY DAYS OF THE UNIVERSITY 27 

stond as it were in the last ditch. His disappointment was 
groat when amidst the turmoil of religious and political differ- 
ences he found, in only six years' time, the charter of the Univer- 
sity, which had cost him so much work, was practically swept 
away with its provisions for religious teaching, and a new 
charter substituted without any Divinitv Chair, or other pro- 
vision for religious teaching. 

The statute of 1849 provided there should be no Faculty of 
Divinity in the University, nor any Professorship, Lectureship 
or Teachership of Divinity; that the Chancellor should not be 
a minister, ecclesiastic or teacher under or according to any 
form or profession of religious faith or worship whatsoever; that 
no person should be qualified to be appointed by the Crown to 
any seat in the Senate of the University Avho was a minister, 
ecclesiastic, or teacher under or according to any form or profes- 
sion of religious faith or worship whatsoever; that the Univer- 
sity should have no power to confer any degree in Divinity; that 
no religious test or qualification should be required of or ap- 
pointed for any person admitted or matriculated as a member of 
the University whether as a scholar, student, fellow, or other- 
wise, or of or for any person admitted to any degree in any Art 
or Faculty in the University, or of or for any person appointed 
to any office, professorship, mastership, tutorship, or other 
place or employment whatsoever in the same, nor should such 
religious observance according to the forms of any particular 
religious denomination be imposed upon the members or officers 
of the University, or any of them; that the then present Profes- 
sors, except the Professor of Divinity, were to remain until re- 
moved; and, finally, the Theological books presented by the 
Society for the P. C. K. to the University Library, were to be 
transferred at the request of the society to some other institu- 
tion, or otherwise disposed of. 

It was a clean sweep, and a heavy blow T to Bishop Strachan, 
who had worked for forty years with indomitable energy and 
perseverance to get the University established, and to retain in its 
constitution as much religious instruction as possible. It was 
too much for him, and he declared it had become a Godless 
University, and he washed his hands of the whole business, but 
to him it was like shutting the door forever on a beloved child 
whose profligacy could no longer be endured. He was beaten, 
but not cast down, although at the time he had already suffered 
another blow through the destruction by fire, for the second 
time, of his Cathedral. He at once commenced a canvass for 
another University, and in his seventy-second year, and in less 



28 UNIVERSITY OF TORONTO MONTHLY 

than four months after the new charter came into force, he pro- 
ceeded to England again, where he spent a year obtaining sub- 
scriptions and a charter for what is now the University of Trinity 
College, Toronto. Between the old country and Canada he 
procured a considerable endowment for the new University 
himself heading the list of subscribers with no less a sum than 
$5,000.00 of our present money. His success was no doubt 
greatly owing to his own energy and perseverance, but I fear 
party spirit may have had something to do with it. These were 
the days of what was known as the '"Family Compact," and 
politics ran high, and there was room for a suspicion that some 
subscriptions for the new University were given, or enlarged, as 
much from the warmth of political feeling as from any other 
cause. With the Divinity Faculty the chapel services also 
disappeared. 

It may not be generally known that by the same statute 
which made such changes in the University charter, it was pro- 
vided that a copy of every book published in the Province had 
to be presented to the College Library, and also a copy of any 
further editions. 

In 1853, by 16 Vic. c. 89, the Professorships of Law and 
Medicine in the University were abolished, and the functions of 
the University were separated from those of University College, 
making the latter a distinct collegiate institution, and so adapt- 
ing the constitution of the University to a system of affiliated 
colleges. The medical teaching faculty was restored in 1887. 

Immediately after the sweeping away by statute of all trace 
of distinctive religious teaching in the University, a pretty loud 
cry arose that, in the words of the Bishop, it had become a 
"Godless" institution, and the Government became alarmed. 
To stay this cry against them at the following session of Parlia- 
ment an Act was passed (13 and 14 Vic., c. 49), "to remove cer- 
tain doubts respecting the intention of the Act of the last session" 
(12 Vic., c. 82), and reciting that: "Notwithstanding the dis- 
tinct avowal of the principles on which the said Act was passed, 
doubts have been raised as to the Christian character of the 
said institution, and of the powers of the University, by statute 
or otherwise, to make the necessary regulations for insuring to 
its members the opportunities of religious instruction and attend- 
ance upon public worship by their respective ministers, and ac- 
cording to their respective " forms of religious faith. And, 
whereas, for the satisfaction of all whose minds Save been dis- 
turbed by such doubts, it is desirable to declare that it hath 

been, and^at all times hereafter shall be, fully competent to and 
for the said University to make any regulations that may 



EARLY DAYS OF THE UNIVERSITY M 

be deemed expedient for the undergraduates and students at- 
tending lectures in the said University, attending upon public 
worship, and receiving religious instruction from their respec- 
tive ministers, and according to their respective forms of religi- 
ous faith; and not only shall every facility be afforded by the 
authorities of the said University for such attendance on religious 
worship, and such acquirement of religious knowledge, but that 
no candidate for matriculation, or for any degree, who shall at 
the time of his application be a student in any of the different 
colleges which shall be so far affiliated to the said University, as 
to be entitled to appoint a member to the Senate thereof, shall 
be received as a student, or admitted to a degree in the said Uni- 
versity, without possessing such religious requisites as may be 
prescribed by the constituted authorities of the affiliated College 
to which he belongs, and which according to his standing in such 
affiliated College, he shall by the rules and statutes thereof be 
required to possess." 

"We can, at this distant period, take a calmer view of the 
stand adopted by Bishop Strachan than was taken by either side 
then struggling for the mastery, and it seems to me we can now 
see pretty clearly where the right policy was to be found. The 
Bishop having emigrated from the Old Country, where his 
Church, the Church of England, was a national Church, would 
naturally take the stand he did; at the same time the people of 
Upper Canada, who did not belong to the Church of England, 
would just as naturally feel that the public lands, and the public 
money, should not be given to support a University that taught 
a religion they did not believe in. Education generally they 
might bo willing to support, but education in the hands of mem- 
bers of the Church of England alone, they might reasonably 
refuse to have anything to do with. And although I am a mem- 
ber of the Church of England, I venture to think they were 
right, and that the Bishop was mistaken, in expecting the Par- 
liament to adopt as a public institution, supported by public 
revenues, a University which practically shut its doors against 
large sections of the people of the Province. 

RECOLLECTIONS. 

Having put on record the foregoing general facts relating 
to the University and Upper Canada College, incorporated with 
it, and made an appendage thereto, for which facts I am indebted 
to records and statutes of the time, and to my own memory, 
which I may say goes back in these matters with tolerable clear- 
ness almost to'l840; I will now relate some particular facts 



30 TXIYEKSITY OF TOHOSTO MONTHLY 

and anecdotes in connection with the early days of the Uni- 
versity perhaps not so widely known to-day. 

I have already said the College chapel was in the west hall 
on the ground floor of the centre building of the three houses 
which then constituted the Parliament Buildings. Here morn- 
ing prayers were read daily, at which all the students not speci- 
ally exempted from attending under the charter, w r ere expected 
to be present, and the usual scuffling which was common in all 
universities in those days, took place after a student had got 
into the chapel and had his name recorded, to get himself out 
again forthwith without being noticed, for " chapels " counted 
as well as lectures. The week-day services were of course of 
short duration, but on Sundays the morning and evening prayers 
of the Church of England were read, followed by - a sermon. 
The Rev. Dr. Beaven, the Divinity Professor, usually officiated. 
The students wore surplices, and the lessons of the day were read 
by students. On Sundays there was a respectable amount of 
singing from the students, and such other members of the con- 
gregation as could join with them. Dr. McCaul and Dr. Beaven 
were both very musical, and took some pains with chapel music. 
As far as I can remember the "'pitch" was given at first by means 
of the old-fashioned pitch-pipe, but afterwards ai harmonium was 
introduced, and the hymns and anthems were accompanied 
thereon by " Jack Beaven," the eldest son of Dr. Beaven, who 
inherited his father's musical abilities. Besides some of the 
professors and the students, the congregation was increased by 
the families of officials connected with the University, to whose 
use pews at the sides of the room were allotted. All the centre 
was arranged in amphitheatre form facing the south end, where 
was the chancel; the students' seats rising from the floor in 
three or four tiers, with stalls for the professors. Dr. McCaul 
was an inveterate snuff-taker, and the floor of his stall was/ a 
"sight to be seen." Fortunately for the caretaker it had a 
false bottom which could be taken out and replaced after each 
service. Occasionally upon the arrival of a clerical " Big Gun " 
in the city, the visitor was invited to preach the sermon. 

If I remember correctly gas was a partial means of lighting 
the city at that time, but from its high price, or from not being 
laid on near enough to the Parliament buildings to make it 
available, or perhaps from the learned President of the College 
thinking the "midnight oil" was the proper illuminant for a 
college chapel, at the evening services in King's College chapel, 
oil was used. Xot coal oil, for that refined article w r as then 
unknown, but a much thicker and more dirty article, A num- 
ber of lamps of course were necessary, and it was no very uncom- 



EARLY DAYS OF THE UXIVEKSITI' 31 

mon event to have one of these lamps take fire and fill the chapel 
with a strong, offensive smell and. irritating smoke, which con- 
tinued until a bedel was aroused and the offending lamp dis- 
lodged from its pedestal and carried out leaving a stream 
behind it like a small locomotive, and affording to the bad boys 
among the students, an opportunity too good to be lost, of sneez- 
ing and coughing' and choking with impunity. 

Dr. McCaul's love for music induced him to get up some fine 
concerts in connection with the University. They were given 
in the east hall of the centre building, and took place when some 
musical celebrity happened to be available, and were quite the 
fashionable musical events of the city. I remember at one of 
them a lady vocalist with a beautiful voice sang the now well- 
known sacred song or anthem "Consider the Lilies how they 
Grow." Among the instrumental performers were, if I mistake 
not, Mr. O'Hara, son of Col. O'Hara, who lived on the road to 
the Humber River, and Mr. Dixon, a brother of the Yen. Arch- 
deacon Dixon. 

Up stairs in this centre building there was the library, the 
only room on that floor devoted to the University proper. The 
other rooms, with some more in the basement, were occupied by 
my father and his family. The stairs were common to the library 
and our private rooms, and I daily met thereon some of the 
students and professors, and it was amusing to observe the dif- 
ferent natures as exhibited in some of them by their manner of 
going up and down. Dr. McCaul was always brisk and active, 
and showed that characteristic on the stairs. Most of the stu- 
dents went up and down with a rush, and Dr. Beaven, who was 
a deep thinker, and rather deliberate in all his movements, and 
more or less absent-minded, I have passed on the landing at the 
turn of the stairs as he stood as still as a statue, apparently oblivi- 
ous to the world and all his surroundings. 

In the library there was a pretty fair collection of books for 
those days, and two fairly powerful telescopes. With one of 
these I used to declare I could see ducks in the bay at the Island 
point wink their eyes! What a change has come over that point 
and indeed, the whole Island, in half a century ! From the end 
of the Queen's wharf one can now almost throw a stone across to 
Hanlan's Point, and at the other end, where I have walked dry- 
shod, there is now a gap through which large steamers daily 
pass. In 1850, when I left Toronto, the gap was just beginning: 
to form. The whole Island has wonderfully changed. Preva's 
Hotel with its bowling alley, its strawberries and cream, and 
well, I won't say what else is now wasted away, and it seems 
to me all along the Island the dry land is greatly reduced in 
breadth. Mr. Tincomb, a clerk in the office of the Bursar of 



32 UNIVERSITY OF TORONTO MONTHLY 

the University, was a fair amateur water-colour painter, and 
was fond of sailing in his boat called the White Squall. Natur- 
ally he sometimes 1 painted this boat as she sailed in the Bay, and 
in the background appeared the Island. I saw one of his pictures 
not long ago, and can bear witness to its correct representation 
of what the Island was over fifty years ago. If any of these pic- 
tures could be secured as University, or city property, they would 
be interesting to future generations when still greater changes 
will most likely have taken place in the Island and harbour. 

During these early days of King's College, the institution had 
no general museum worth mentioning. I believe the medical 
department had an apology for one appertaining to that faculty, 
but I can only recall seeing one or two skulls, a few bones and 
a skeleton or two. My father took great pains to preserve all 
butterflies and insects lie could procure, and when he left 
Toronto, he handed over the entire collection, consisting of four 
or five large glass cases, to the University. As a boy I was 
always charged when out hunting, or boating, to have an eye 
for good specimens for this collection, and if it escaped the fire 
of 1890, I may claim that some of the creatures therein possess- 
ing six legs or more, fell victims to my youthful hats and caps. 

At the time I am now writing about, table-turning and spooks 
of various kinds had their innings from time to time as they do 
now, and this seat of learning was not entirelv neglected in this 
respect. The form of manifestation assumed, was that of bell- 
ringing. In the west building was an ordinary door-bell, which 
would keep ringing from time to time, without anyone pulling 
the wire in the usual way. This bell was in the hall close to the 
door of Professor Croft's room, and its repeated ringing, with- 
out any apparent cause, annoyed the professor wonderfully. 
"Whether his being the Professor of Chemistry made him think 
that his not being able to stop, or explain the cause of this occult 
ringing, was a reflection on himself and his science, or not, I can- 
not say, but he made it his business to worry over it a good 
deal, still the bell would ring and ring. Nothing saved the 
building from being declared haunted but the discovery at last 
that a young girl, who had the run of the building, was at the 
bottom of the whole affair. How she accomplished the trick 
so cleverly I never knew. 

This west building had, and still has, a small frame addition 
which was the dissecting-room for the Medical Faculty, a 
mysterious looking building with few windows, the blinds of 
which were always down, and at the top there was, and is, a 
glass erection for lighting purposes. The tales we heard of the 
goings on within its walls, were quite enough to explain to my 



EARLY DAYS OF THE UNIVERSITY 33 

young imagination the doings of any number of spooks in all 
parts of the building. 

In connection with the opening ceremonies of the University 
there were public inaugural lectures given in the east hall of 
the middle building by several, if not all, of the professors. 
Ihese were spread over two days June 8th and 9th, 1843, and 
I no doubt heard several of them, but only two have left any 
impression on my memory those by Prof. Potter and Prof. 
Croft. Both were illustrated by experiments and scientific 
apparatus, and the fact of portions of them still remaining in 
my ^collection, when the other lectures, not so illustrated, have 
entirely passed away from me, is a pretty strong testimony to 
the importance of teachers giving their pupils something to see, 
as well as something to hear. Thei eyes are better aids to mem- 
ory than the ears, for I think most men remember what they 
have seen better than what they have heard. I am not so sure 
about this as regards women. When, however, both the ears 
and eyes are together appealed to, the memory is as well aided 
as it can be. 

Some portions of Prof. Croft's lecture were very amusing, 
particularly his illustrations of the effect of nitrous oxide, or 
laughing-gas. Several of the students offered themselves as 
subjects for experiment with this gas, and as the polka was at 
the time a new and fashionable dance in Canada, and was the 
subject of general conversation among young and old persons, 
it was natural enough that the minds of some of these subjects 
while under the influence of this gas, should run upon the new 
accomplishment, with the result that they unwittingly gave the 
audience an exhibition of their skill in this dance. To see a 
demure and studious young man suddenly start off on a public 
platform with the toe-and-heel step, which was then the princi- 
pal step in the polka, had a most ludicrous effect, and fully jus- 
tified the statement that has been made to the effect that nitrous 
oxide " has well earned for itself the name of laughing-gas, not 
so much perhaps from the effects it produces on the patient, as 
from the roars of laughter elicited from those who witness its 
inhalation." 

Among the institutions of King's College in the early days 
of its existence were dinners. Besides keeping his chapels and 
lectures, the student had then to eat his dinners. .As to these 
latter qualifications for his degree, there were not so many 
manoeuvres to escape them as there were to dodge the chapels. 
Every evening the east hall of the centre building was turned 
into a dining-room. At its east side there was a raised platform, 
or dais, with dinner thereon for one, who was always one of the 



34 UNIVEKSITY OF TORONTO MONTHLY 

professors, and on the floor below it, were long tables set out 
for the students. These tables formed a sort of aisle up which 
the professor in cap, gown, and hood marched to his own table, 
the students in their black gowns, at theirs, all standing. A Latin 
grace was then read by one of the students, after which the dinner 
began. In those times of no railways, and in winters when the 
water communications were frozen up, and there were little or 
no canned goods, a variety of diet was difficult to obtain. Day 
after day the same pies and puddings made their appearance 
apple pies being the great stand-by. Repeated mutterings of 
dissent at last would arise from the students' tables, and on one 
occcaion the inevitable apple-pie from one of them was sent out 
of the room untouched, with a small stick in the middle of it 
bearing a paper with the words : " The table don't eat apple- 
pie." The table got a respite as regarded apple-pie after that. 

When the dinner was over a Latin grace was again read by a 
student, the rest all standing until the presiding professor 
marched in the aisle between their tables out of the hall. If 
the professor was a man with whom any liberties at all could 
be taken, during; his retirement between the rows of students, 
the benches thev had been using were occasionally upset by 
what the boys call " an accident done on purpose," and the 
activity exhibited by the professor in getting his toes out of the 
way of being crushed, was the occasion of much suppressed 
merriment. Sometimes, however, the students " tried it on " 
with the wrong man, and he turned upon them with an order to 
"pick up that bench," in obeying which their merry faces would 
assume a sheepish look expressive of a conviction that the laugh 
was on the wrong side. 

Like students of most colleges, those of King's College had 
their songs, but I can recall no more than a couplet from one 
chorus. The subject of this was one of the professors who suc- 
ceeded Prof. Potter in the chair of mathematics. Prof. Potter 
was an able mathematician, a good lecturer, and an all round 
good man for the position, and it is. without desiring to cast, 
and it is not casting, any reflection upon those who succeeded 
him, if I say they were not considered quite his equal. Com- 
parisons are proverbially odious, and the students did not fail 
in their musical compositions to make one in this instance. 
The couplet I can now recall was: 

" Here's to the professor of dull mathematics, 
He knows more about steaks than he does about statics." 

I am not sure I spell the word " steaks " correctly, not know- 
ing whether the author meant to imply the professor was a better 



EAKLY DAYS OF THE UNIVERSITY 35 

hand at a porterhouse steak, or at a stake on a game of whist, 
or on a favourite horse, than he was at mathematics. 

I have now stated all I can think of in connection with the 
very early history of the College, which may have some interest 
for the readers of the UNIVERSITY OF TORONTO MONTHLY, but 
before closing I may be allowed to state a few words in connec- 
tion with its history down to the changes that were made in 1849. 

Before closing these reminiscences, as Bishop Strachan was 
so closely connected with the establishment of King's College, I 
will add an anecdote or two relating to his Lordship. He was 
a man of strong character, and at the same time his disposition 
though tenacious was mild and kindly. His stature was short, 
and his figure was inclined to be stout. Ho walked with a black 
stick, apparently of ebony, silver-knobbed, and tasselled. The 
top of this he would swing out as he walked, in a semi-circle, 
which gave him a somewhat pompous, or airish appearance: 
and he invariably when on the street, had his mouth puckered 
up as if he was indulging in a quiet whistle. Indeed it was 
popularly stated the Bishop was always whistling, even when 
attending funerals. As to this I am sceptical, for I have passed 
him many times, arid cannot say I ever actually heard a whistle 
from his pursed up lips. He had a kindly habit of carrying 
bright sixpences in his pocket which he distributed to young 
fellows he met and knew something about. On one occasion 
two companions and I, were playing on the road leading from 
the street to the Parliament Buildings, and suddenly we noticed 
the Bishop close at hand. My companions immediately made 
off, and I would willingly have followed them, but my sense of 
propriety overcame my courage, or want of courage, and I stood 
my ground, and took off my cap to his Lordship, who patted me 
on the head, and the interview ended in his handing me one of 
his bright sixpences. When my companions rejoined me full 
of curiosity about the interview, I had a great laugh at them 
over the sixpence I had got by not running away from the 
Bishop. I may add that sixpence is still in my possession 
a cherished memento of Bishop Strachan. It enables me to 
say that from childhood to old age I have never been " without 
a sixpence. 7 ' I fear however I cannot say the same as regards 
a dollar. 

I fear this is wandering from the subject I was to write about. 
Still let me venture upon one more incident illustrative of his 
Lordship's characteristics. He was a practical man and by no 
means resourceless upon emergencies. I was witness of a 
trying accident that happened to him which might well have 
daunted for a time a less capable man. It occurred at what I 



36 UNIVEKSITY OF TOKONTO MONTHLY 

believe was the first confirmation ever held in Holy Trinity 
Church, Toronto. Dr. Scadding was the first rector, and he 
had prepared for confirmation a class of boys from Upper Canada 
College where he was a classical master, and of this class I was a 
member. After the ceremony was over we remained to partake 
of the sacrament. Most of the communion tables, as they were 
generally called, were actual tables, and the one at Holy Trinity 
I suppose was not considered, to be high enough, and had been 
raised by a block under each leg. Besides the Bishop there 
were in the chancel Dr. Scadding, and I think the Rev. Walter 
Stemiett, and perhaps the Bishop's chaplain; and in moving 
some one of them must have knocked out one of the blocks. 
The table tilted over, the cup full of wine fell on its side sending 
a broad red stream down the white linen cloth in front, and 
the pieces of bread were scattered over the floor. Dr. Scadding 
stood motionless and aghast, looking as if he despaired of finding 
any rubric that would point out what was to be done under such 
circumstances. The other clergymen were equally dumb- 
founded and motionless, but the Bishop no sooner saw what 
had happened than he quietly stooped down and commenced 
gathering up the scattered bread in a most business-like manner. 
The others seeing this, also began to bestir themselves, and the 
rite was proceeded with without anv further mishap. 

As I write, the funeral knell of Dr. Scadding is almost still 
ringing, and an old pupil of his may be pardoned here recording 
a further reference to him. He was the only master at Upper 
Canada College who ever inflicted the punishment of " bench- 
ing" upon me. This he did once and only once, not that I 
only deserved it once, but he was a long-suffering man. The 
details of that kind of punishment I need not mention, but they 
were degrading and humiliating as well as of a painful nature. 
When the performance was concluded poor Dr. Scadding seemed 
as much hurt as I was. He was of a gentle nature, and as I 
knew him half a century ago the expression of his face was a 
living and perpetual sermon calling to shun the wrong and 
cleave to the right. If his gentle spirit is not now among the 
blessed, there is a poor chance for any of us. Eequiescat in pace. 

On October the 25th, 1849, His Excellency the Right Hon- 
ourable the Earl of Elgin and Kincardine, K.T., M.A., Gover- 
nor-General of British North America, presided as Chancellor 
at the last commencement of King's College. The new Act 
changing its designation to the University of Toronto came into 
force on January 1st, 1850. 

Barrie, September 13th, 1901. 





HENRY HOVER WRIGHT, M.D. 

Born, 1817 j died, 1899. 
FIRST PROFESSOR OF MEDICINE IN THE UNIVERSITY OF TORONTO. 



THE 



UNIVERSITY OF TORONTO MONTHLY 



VOL. II. 



JANUARY, 1902. 



No. 4. 



TABLE OF CONTENTS. 



Dr. H. H. Wright, By Uzziel Ogden, 
M.D. - 89 

A University Training as a Prepa- 
ration for the Medical Profession. 
By Professor I. H. Cameron. - 92 

The Beginnings of Poetry. By Pro- 
fessor Alexander - - 96 

Business or a Profession for the 
Graduate. ByOordonWaldron,B.A. 101 

Torontonensia : 

Recent Faculty Publications - 105 

Harmonic Club 106 

. Campus and Corridor - 106 



PAGE 

J. W. Connor, B.A. - - 106 

Women's Residence - - - 107 

News from the Classes - - 107 

Graduates in Arts 1878. 107 

" " 1898. - - 108 

" Medicines 1856 - 110 

1S66 - 110 

Graduates of the School of Practical 

Science '88, '89. '90, '91 - 111 

Graduates in Law - - - 112 

Personals .... 113 

Marriages 116 

Deaths 116 



DE. H. H. WEIGHT. 

BY UZZIEL OGDEN, M.D. 

PEOFES.SOE HENEY HOVEE ,WEIGHT was a man of 
marked and peculiar characteristics. He was of United 
Empire Loyalist extraction, and was a son of the Eev. David 
Wright, a prominent minister of the Methodist church in the 
early days of Canadian Methodism. Born in the countv of 
Prince Edward in the year 1817, he received a liberal educa- 
tion for that time, and began the study of medicine with the 
late Dr. John Eolph in 1832. His studies were interrupted in 
the winter of 1837 bv political disturbances which forced Dr. 
Eolph to leave the country for a time. In a few months young 
Wright followed Dr. Eolph to Eoch ester, where he continued 
his medical studies until 1839, when he returned to Canada and 
obtained his license to .practise. 

He first settled in Dundas, but in" a short time removed to 
Markham, where he soon acquired a large practice and formed 
many warm and lasting friendships. During the disturbed 
period of 1836-37, owing to his intimate relations with Dr. 
Eolph, he was brought in contact with many of the leading 



90 UNIVERSITY OF TORONTO MONTHLY 

spirits of that drama, and became intimately acquainted with 
most of the intrigues connected with it. He knew more of the 
secret history of that event, and the parts played by its chief 
actors than perhaps) any other person not actually taking part in 
it. His knowledge of all the negotiations preceding the outbreak 
was very clear and distinct, and no history of the period yet 
published has equalled in any degree the graphic descriptions I 
have heard him give of the exciting occurrences witnessed by 
himself. It is greatly to be regretted that he never gave them 
for publication. It was chiefly through his warning that ".Dr. 
Rolph was enabled to leave the city just in time to avoid arrest, 
and the fate which would certainly have followed. 

When Dr. Rolph returned to the city and established the 
Toronto School of Medicine he urged Dr. Wright, who w r as an 
excellent anatomist, to come and take part in the school, but he 
only gave a few lectures each session (always however with 
great satisfaction to the students) until 18.52, when the school 
became incorporated with Dr. Wright as one of the charter 
members. He was appointed Professor of Practice of Medicine, 
and entered upon his duties at once with that zeal and ability 
characteristic of his life. He continued to fill this position with 
much acceptance, and profit to the class, until the Toronto School 
was absorbed by the University of Toronto in 1887. As soon 
as the new faculty was organized he was appointed Professor 
of Medicine by the Ontario Government, and retained this posi- 
tion until his health. forced him to retire five years later. His 
lectures were clear and pointed, always abreast of the time. 

As a practitioner he had few equals either in diagnosis or 
treatment. Always thorough, and very gentle in examining 
patients, he could not tolerate rudeness or harshness on the part 
of others. He was equally tender with rich and poor, old and 
young. When he came to the city in 1853 he was a very active, 
strong, energetic man, of fine presence, thoughtful, attractive 
countenance, and a great lover of children, very quickly gain- 
ing their confidence by his winsome manner. Up to the age of 
60 or 65 years he was never ill, could undergo any amount of 
labour day or night without fatigue, and always lectured at 
eight o'clock in the morning without regard to weather. He 
enjoyed lecturing at that early hour a great deal more than the 
students did attending. He was reckless in exposing himself 
to the inclemencv of the seasons, but always maintained it did 
him no harm. I never knew him. to carry an umbrella in the 
heaviest rainstorms. 



DR. H. H. WEIGHT 01 

lie was a most devoted and kind husband and father, and 
never complained of any seivice, however severe and fatiguing, 
rendered to those who secured his regard or required his medical 
attention. To the writer, who enjoyed his intimate friendship 
and confidence for nearly fifty years, he always appeared the 
embodiment of kindness and chivalry. He was a man of strong 
likes and dislikes, and in later years when health had failed, his 
manner became rather brusque, and sometimes left a wrong 
impression on the minds of strangers. He was a diligent 
student all his life and possessed the most retentive memory I 
ever knew. His colleagues always recognized his authority on 
disputed points. Being endowed with fine perceptive faculties 
and much dry humour, with good conversational powers, he was 
a most genial and lovable companion. 

The Faculty meetings of the Toronto School of Medicine, 
where he was always present, are among the most pleasant 
memories of the -past, and much could be said of the enjoyable 
interchange of sentiment that took place among the members of 
the school at such times if space would permit. 

About twenty years before his death he suffered from blood- 
poisoning, which left him crippled and in great pain to the end 
of his life. Shortly after his illness, he was greatly depressed 
by the death of his eldest son, a physician of much promise. A 
few years later the lamented death of his wifei was another great 
shock, from which he had not recovered when his second and 
last son, an enterprising man of business, was also taken. After 
much suffering and great feebleness of body he himself passed 
away in 1899 at the age of 82 years, leaving two daughters, 
one the wife of Mr. I. H. Cameron, the other unmarried. 

Dr. H. H. Wright did much to elevate the standard of medi- 
cal education, and the writer knows that the first Act incorporat- 
ing the profession and establishing the Ontario Medical Council 
was obtained chiefly through his exertions and influence, in 
conjunction with the late Dr. W. T. Aikins, and he always 
advocated the adoption, of the B.A. degree as the qualification 
for matriculation in medicine. 

He was a member of the old Provincial Medical Board, where 
he exerted a good influence over that portal to the profession 
for several years, until it was superseded by the Medical Coun- 
cil. He was immediately elected by his colleagues as their 
representative on that body, where he served faithfully for 
several years. 

The degree of M.D. honoris causa was conferred on him by 
Victoria University in 1855. 



92 UNIVERSITY OF TOKONTO MONTHLY 

lie was all his life a liberal in politics, took a deep interest 
in public affairs, and more than once declined a parliamentary 
nomination. He allowed himself to be elected to the Public 
School Board of Toronto for several terms but took no part in 
his own elections. In ,this position he did good work for the 
people, both as a member of important committees and as chair- 
man of the board. 

As a member of the acting staff of the General Hospital, his 
advice and assistance to the Door were invaluable. He was also 
on the staff of the Hospital for Sick Children from its inception, 
and as Secretary-Treasurer of the Toronto School of Medicine 
he did much to place that institution in the high position it 
occupied in the estimation of the profession. 

Professor Wright was a man of sterling integrity and great 
plainness of speech, despising duplicity in every form. He did 
much to build up an honest, manly character in the large number 
of young men who attended his classes. He was most scrupulous 
in the observance of medical ethics, and often intentionally 
appeared to disadvantage while attending the practice of a 
confrere, lest he should by word or deed weaken the patient's 
confidence in his absent friend. 

His devotion to duty was extreme, his friends could never 
induce him to take a vacation, although he freely admitted that 
he ought to do so. 

One of his peculiarities was to go out at night wearing slippers 
even in cold weather, and a story is told that on one occasion 
when going to see a patient he was met by a policeman, who 
noticing his noiseless steps and his scrutiny of several houses, 
followed him, and just as he entered the vestibule of the house 
he was in search of, laid his hand upon his shoulder saying, "Ah ! 
my man, I've caught you this time." It is said the doctor's 
explanation was so direct and forcible that he was paroled at once. 



A UNIVERSITY TRAINING AS A PREPARATION FOR 
THE MEDICAL PROFESSION. 

BY IRVING HEWARD CAMERON, M.B., F.R.C.S. 

I~F physician were synonymous with doctor, as the public gen- 
erally seem to think, the proposition that everyone entering 
the profession of medicine should have a university education, 
would be so self -evident as to exempt this thesis from the neces- 
sity of defence. Unfortunately, however, both terms have been 



UNIVERSITY TRAINING 93 

so far sophisticated that the one no longer implies a natural phil- 
osopher and the other is not necessarily teacher or even taught. 
Gellius, the .grammarian, and Suetonius, the historian, tell 
us that in the second century a seiolistic individual, semi-liter- 
atux, arose for whom it was expedient to coin the designation 
literator; let us hope that the historian of the early days of the 
20th century may record that at this time, the ancient name of 
doctor, having lost its sinister homonomy, once more "became syn- 
onymous with doctus. To this end, then, let us enquire why 
all who seek to enter on the medical curriculum should be 
required to furnish proof of such culture and attainment as are 
implied in the term a university education and the training and 
development which it connotes. 

Imprimis, the science of medicine is one to which almost 
all other sciences and departments of knowledge are, or may b 
made, ancillary; so that the true physician involuntarily assumes 
the reaping, if not the cultivation, of that wide expanse which 
Bacon so easily appropriated as his province the sum of know- 
ledge and becomes successful in the attainment of his high 
ideals in proportion to the width of the swath which his scythe 
can cut. "Where els3 than in a university, in which the various 
avenues of knowledge are focussed to a common centre, and. the 
acquisitions and experience of all made accessible to the one, can 
his mind and ye and arm be trained to this task of might ? 

Hence, accordingly, the nature of a medical man's studies 
makes it necessary that they should be pursued in places where 
all forms of learning and discovery, research and invention, are 
turned into one common stock of knowledge a university. 

Let us glance, for a moment, at the character of the material 
upon which he will have to exercise his calling, and see how it 
should affect the mode and place of his preparation. The ma- 
terial is twofold, or has a double aspect. On the one hand he 
has a patient to care for, and, on the other, a disease to cure. 

]$Tow, disease is a departure from a state of ease or comfort 
or well-being, which is the corollary of the condition of in- 
tegrity, wholeness or health. This implies that the medical 
man must know and understand the anatomy or morphology, the 
embryology, the physiology, and bacteriology (human ancl com- 
parative), the chemistry and physics of the animal body, and 
psychology in their normal relations in the first place, and after- 
wards the mutations and alterations effected therein by varying 
evironmerut and; meteorological conditions 1 , changes of food 5 
pathogenic bacterial invasion, poisons, injuries, and inherent 



94 UNIVERSITY OF TORONTO MONTHLY 

degenerations, atavistic reversions, the influence of the mind 
upon the body, and the like. Where else than in a university 
can this investigation be properly or efficiently carried on? I 
assume, of course, that the object is to turn out a philosophic 
physician (a natural philosopher), a priest of nature, and not a 
rule of thumb practitioner of the healing art, an artizan or 
handicraftsman. But the accomplished diagnostician and 
therapeutist has to compass much more than I have indicated > 
and even then he may know nothing of the obverse of the shield, 
the patient to be cared for in addition to, and sometimes apart 
from, the disease he manifests. 

That the proper study of medical mankind is man, no one 
will deny. But where can man be studied in his individual and 
collective capacities, their iiiterdependencies and interactions, so 
well as in the microcosm of the university where all sorts and 
conditions of men are gathered together from far and near, in 
intimate and daily contact, with different interests and origins,, 
varying hopes and fears, divergent ambitions and resolves, in- 
stincts and desires alien each to each, but with one common 
purpose, the acquisition of learning, the diffusion of information, 
the increase of knowledge? 

Oftentimes it happens that the knowledge of the homo thus 
acquired outweighs, in the given instance, the physician's pro- 
foundest acquaintance with disease. Oftentimes the treatment 
of the patient is all that is required, the disease being safely 
and best abandoned to the vis medicatrix Naturae, or, as old Dr. 
Graves quaintly put it, 'the good providence of God.' 

As to the practitioner himself, what is required of him in 
addition to technical skill and knowledge? John Brown in his 
"Horae Subsecivae" and that he must be capax, perspicax, sagax 
et efficax. Can any other place be found so well calculated to 
develop these qualities as the hive of industry and erudition which 
a university ought to be the anthill evolving wisdom for the 
sluggard, the crucible in which are commingled theory and 
experience, speculation and ascertained fact, experiment and 
dogmatism, and all " the stir of the forces whence issued the 
world"? 

Bacon has told us "they be the best chirurgeons who, being 
learned, incline to the traditions of experience, or, who being 
empirics, incline to the methods of learning;" and later experi- 
ence has amply confirmed the truth of his dictum. It is the 
function of the university to illustrate and embody both. 

In addition to Dr. Brown's quadrivium, a medical man has 
much need of culture, for this alone will enable him to appear 



UNIVERSITY TRAINING 95 

to advantage in the highest circles of society, and will never be 
out of place even in the lowliest walks of life, and of him, as of 
his pale archenemy, it may be said ,. 

aequo pulsat pede pauper urn tabernas 
Regumquc turres. 

(Hor. Cann. I. 4. 13), 

and this generally in advance, and sometimes to the long delay, 
of the more unwelcome guest. 

All are not born amidst surroundings which conduce to cul- 
ture, but intimate association with men of learning and politeness 
insensibly evolves the germ of gentle manners. 

Doctrina sed vim promovet insitam, 
Rectique cultus pectora roborant: 

(Hor. Cann. IY. 4. 33). 

Then, again, the age at which a boy leaves school is too early 
for him to enter upon thel subjects of the medical curriculum with 
propriety and advantage. In the bye-gone days of the apprentice- 
ship when a lad entered upon his medical career as upon a trade 
or handicraft, the attainment of "years of discretion" was hardly 
regarded as an essential prerequisite, and "a bedside "manner" 
was an object of ambition; but to-day we must turn out a 
medical philosopher, a man of science, of literary training, of 
culture, of affairs, and for this a long and varied prodromal 
course io absolutely necessary. Moreover, even if from unusual 
natural ability and adaptability, a man of twenty-one sue-' 
ceeds in entering, fairlv qualified technically, upon his profes- 
sion, it will generally be found that his mind is not widened to 
the grasp of the complex problems he will be called upon to 
solve, his shoulders not broadened to the burden of responsi- 
bility, it will be his inevitable lot to bear. . The time of the 
arts course should be the years' of plenty in which to garner pro- 
visions against the evil days to come. 

It will be /conceded generally, I trust, that an arts course is a 
desirable preparation for the medical curriculum; but it will 
readily be conceived that opinions may differ widely as to its 
most appropriate form and scope. There is at present before 
the Senate a notice of a Bill to amend the Statutes and Cur- 
ricula so as to enable students, in certain courses, to graduate in 
arts and medicine, both within six years. The details. have not 
yet been divulged. Tor myself, I do not believe it would be 
wise to shorten the course unduly, or to lay too much stress 
upon the natural sciences as a preparation for medical study. I 
am fain to confess a weakness for the old literae Jiumaniores in 
the education of a physician, as of every other gentleman, whose 



96 UNIVERSITY OF TORONTO MONTHLY 

experience will be concerned with the gentler and the nobler, 
the less strenuous and more human side of life. As Ovid truly 
said Emollit mores nee sinit esse feros. The step proposed, 
however, is one in the right direction, and I trust that the scheme 
will be so carefully considered, so diligently elaborated and 
so wisely consummated as to prove a never failing cruse of oil 
to the lamp of science which has been burning with ever increas- 
ing brilliancy for fifty years in "this gorgeous temple of infi- 
delity," which mingled with the darkness and was not compre- 
hended of it, but which sufficed to illuminate the smithy in 
which was forged a yearly "link betwixt us and the crowning 
race of those who eye to eye shall look on knowledge, and in 
whose hand is Nature like an open book/' a book wherein " the 
anointed eye may trace" not "a dead soul's epitaph," but the 
unending upward progress of the human race. 



THE BEGINNINGS OF POETEY. 

BY W. J. ALEXANDER, PH. D. 

PROFESSOE GUMMEEE, known to many by his Hand- 
book of Poetics, and to some by his Old English Ballads 
in the Athenaeum Press Series, has recently published a valuable 
and suggestive book on the origin of poetry. * This is not an at- 
tempt to determine the psychological sources of poetry, the pecu- 
liarities of our mental constitution which give it existence and 
shape, but to throw light upon the nature of the earliest products 
from which our modem poetry has been evolved. Of what these 
were, there, of course, remains no record. Behind the earliest 
poetry that survives, must lie a long series of developments. It has, 
indeed, been common to accept as examples of the beginnings of 
the poet's art, work which implies maturity and skill very unlike 
the awkward first efforts of human power in other directions; it 
would in very truth be inspiration which should enable Homer 
to produce an Iliad without the help and experience of many 
predecessors. Simple and crude must have been the results of 
the earliest gropings of primitive man after what we call poetic 
expression. Yet, although these actual results are lost in pre- 
historic darkness, it may be possible, as Professor Gummere 
thinks, to arrive at some conclusions as to their nature through 
evidence made available by researches of vaVious modern sciences. 
Indications may be gathered, for example, from psychology, 
ethnology, anthropolgy, from observations of tendencies in 

* The Beginnings of Poetry, by Francis B. Gummere : New York. Mac- 
imllan & Co. Ltd. : 1901. Pp. x. + 483. 



THE BEGINNINGS OF POETRY <)7 

children and even in lower animals. Such evidence must be care- 
fully scrutinized; for children and the barbarous tribes which we 
can now study, are evidently subject to influences that never acted 
upon our remote ancestors ; the retrograde or stationary barbarian 
found in the modern world can only partially represent 
vanished stages in the vigorous infancy of civilized peoples. 
Of greater import still is the evidence afforded by the compara- 
tive study of various national literatures, for the purpose of dis- 
covering tendencies and peculiarities prominent in more primitive 
stages which gradually vanish or weaken as we pass to later times. 
By continuing the curves (as it were), indicated by the examina- 
tion of the growth or disappearance of these elements, backward 
into the unknown and prehistoric, we may be able, with the addi- 
tional help of the other species of evidence just indicated, to 
infer with some degree of certainty what was the character of 
the earliest poetic products. 

Making use of such sources of evidence as these, Professor 
Gummere arrives at the conclusion that the fundamental char- 
acteristic of poetry is rhythm. The feeling for complicated 
metrical effects comes, it is true, with culture and intellectual 
development; but the sense for simple and exact rhythms 
seems to be ascribed to savages almost universally by ethnologi- 
cal evidence, as it certainly belongs to children. Further, it 
may be safely affirmed that song and dancing are, in early stages, 
always combined. Now, the earliest individual dancing and 
singing might conceivably be unrhythmic; but rhythm must be 
the bond of union between the members of a throng dancing 
together. "A bird's song or a man's cry is merely vent for 
emotion; but when several persons sing together, there is more 
than emotion, there' is consent, and consent means that they must 
observe, group, and order their tones." Primitive dancing was 
probably not unlike that practised among the Yeddahs of Cey- 
lon. "A spear is struck into ihe ground to serve as) a centre for 
the ring of dancers, who move with swaying: arms and legs to 
the cadence of their own singing call it rather shouting while 
they keep exact time by slapping the naked stomach." In such 
shouting we have the germ of poetry. A slightly more 
advanced stage of poetic development is suggested, by the fol- 
lowing account of the Botocudos, a South American tribe, very 
low in the social scale: 

" The Botocudos are little better than a leaderless horde, and pay 
scant heed to their chieftain; they live only for their immediate bodil 
needs, and take small thought for the morrow, still less thought fc 
the past. No traditions, no legends, are abroad to tell them o 
forbears. They still use gestures to express feelings and ideas; wiii 



S8 UNIVERSITY OF TORONTO MONTHLY 

the number of words which imitate a given sound is extraordinarily 
great. An action or an object is named by imitating the sound pecu- 
liar to it; and sounds are doubled to express greater intensity and 
repetition. And now for their aesthetic life, their song, dance poetry, 
as described by this accurate observer: ' On festal occasions the whole 
horde meets by night round the camp fire for a dance. Men and women 
alternating . . . form a circle; each dancer lays his arms about 
the necks of his two neighbours, and the entire! ring begins to turn to 
the right or to the left, while all the dancers stamp strongly and in 
rhythm the foot that is advanced, and drag after it the other foot. Now 
with drooping heads they press closer and closer together; now they 
widen the circle. Throughout the dance resounds a monotonous song 
to the time of which they stamp their feet. Often one can hear nothing 
but a continually repeated Ealani alia! . . . again, however, short 
improvised songs in which we are told the doings of the .day, the reasons 
for rejoicing, what not, as " Good hunting or " Now we have some- 
thing to eat " or " Brandy is good." Now and then, too, an individual 
begins a song, and is answered by the' rest in chorus. They never sing 
without dancing, and have but one word to express both song and 
dance.' " 

The point to be specially noted is that poetry begins not with 
an individual poet and in solitude , l>ut with the throng and in 
a chorus. " The circle, the close clasp, the rhythmic consent of 
stops and voice ; here are the social foundation and the communal 
beginnings of art." 

The importance of singing and dancing among primitive 
peoples like the North- American Indians, for example, is well 
known; these indeed constitute almost the whole of social life. 
But there were some other occasions which drew men together; 
there was the gathering for war and the march. Here we have 
similar conditions, a throng dominated by a common emotion; 
and so, again, we have the rhythmic shouting or singing in 
unison with movements of the limbs. Another and similar 
source of poetry are forms of labour in which many individuals 
share and which require regular movements. 

" Fatigue, which besets all work felt as work by reason of its con- 
tinued application of purpose; vanished from primitive man, as it 
vanishes now from children, if the work was once freed from this stress 
of application and so turned to a kind of play. The dance itself is really 
hard work, exacting and violent; what makes it a favourite with sav- 
ages and with children? Simply its automatic, regular, rhythmic char- 
acter, the due repetition of familiar movement which allows the mind 
to relax its attitude of constant purpose. The purpose and plan of 
work involve external sources and external ends; rhythm is instructive, 
and springs from the organic nature of man; it is no invention. The 
song that one sings while at work is not something fitted, to the work, 
but comes from movements of the body in the specific acts of labour; 
and this applies not only to the rhythm, but even to the words. So 
it was in the festal dance. That primitive man was less impeded in 
bodily movements than is now the case, and that these movements 
were more marked; that the rigorously exact movement begat a rigor- 
ously exact rhythm, to which at first half meaningless sounds and then 
words were joined^ often lingering in later days as a refrain of field 
or spinning room ... these are conclusions for which Bwcher Lin 
his Arbeit and Rhythmus] offers ample and convincing evidence." 



THE BEGINNINGS OF POETKY 99 

In simple and secluded societies the survivals of these labour 
songs long maintained themselves; most of us have heard the 
sailors' chorus as they hoist the sails; Dr. Johnson heard such a 
song in the Highlands. "The women reaped the corn," he says, 
^and the men bound up the sheaves. The strokes of the sickle 
were timed by modulations of the harvest-song in which all their 
voices were united. They accompany in the Highlands every 
action which can be done in equal 'time with an appropriate 
strain, which has, they say, not much meaning; but its effects 
are regularity and cheerfulness." 

If this be a true view ofi the beginnings of poetic art, great is 
the contrast between the conditions of primitive and present-day 
poetry, and widely different will many of their characteristics be. 
The former was made in, by and for the throng; it was sung and 
heard; it was improvised, naive, emotional and almost without 
thought. The latter is made by the individual in solitude, and, 
in general, for the individual in solitude; it is written to be read; 
it is conscious, elaborated, even its feeling dominated and 
shaped by thought. 

The fundamental change from primitive to modern poetry, is 
the growth of individualism ; the steps, by which this began may 
easily be traced. They may be illustrated, for instance, in the 
dirge for the dead, an important phase, as may well be under- 
stood, of earlier poetry. Abundant evidence derived from the 
study of barbarous societies shows that here again the choral 
cry, and not the individual lament, is the starting point. "Wail- 
ings, cries now articulate and now inarticulate, but wrought by 
repetition, by the cadence of rocking bodies, or of measured 
steps, by the spasmodic utterance of extreme emotion, into a 
choral consent which is not harmony, perhaps, to modern, ears, 
but which has a rhythm of its own, these are the raw material 
of the poetry of grief." Compare accounts of Irish wakes with 
such reiterated cries as "Oh, why did he die?" In early levels 
of culture the clan is above the kin; it is only later that the tie 
of relationship becomes more important than that of clanship. 
But when this change takes place, the relative is distinguished 
from the throng of mourners; and hence the relative's lament is 
separated from the choral wail. "With new domestic ties of 
blood, in which of course the mother and sister are supreme, 
these two stand out as singers of the solitary lament to which 
the crowd makes answer in refrain. The inevitable sundering of 
individual and chorus now makes headway: the former passing 
into literature, the latter, dropping its concomitant dance and 
surviving as refrain, dies slowly out in all save a few isloated 



100 UNIVERSITY OF TORONTO MONTHLY 

communities, and in all recorded verse except here and there a 
chanted dirge." So it was with other species of poetry; the 
development towards modern conditions began when, from one 
cause or another, an individual, in the singing and dancing, was 
sundered from the throng. This was not, at first, because he was 
more gifted, in these matters, than his fellows; the conception 
of the poet, the specially gifted and inspired individual, comes 
later; and, indeed, commonly in, this primitive singing, the vari- 
ous members of the throng took their part indifferently by turns. 
In the inspiration they all shared; this inspiration was the excite- 
ment, the emotion, the singing of the whole mass the sort of 
feeling that is still felt on a Pretoria day or at a religious revival. 
Yet the parallelism is not probably complete. " Men move in 
masses, true; but it is less and less the herd instinct, and more 
and more the voluntary coherence of thinking minds." 

We can now understand why the chorus or refrain is so com- 
mon an element in all popular forms of poetry. From the mod- 
ern point of view, the refrain seems a mere addition, an ornament, 
an almost negligible element in the main body of the poem ; but 
historically the refrain is the centre or germ; the rest of the poem 
is but an accretion whose growing importance in the march of 
modern as opposed to primitive literary tendencies. The like is 
true, as has been long recognized, of the Greek drama. To the 
chorus sung and danced about the altar of Dionysus, a dialogue 
was in time added ; and even in the short series of tragedians from 
Aeschylus to Euripides, we can see how the later growth thrusts 
1he earlier chorus into a subsidiary and secondary place. 

Repetition is found not merely in chorus or refrain; it must 
inevitably be a main element in poetry produced under com- 
munal conditions. "Iteration is the spontaneous expression of 
emotion, and begins in the throng; it lies at the root of all 
rhythm cadence, and consent; variation is the assertion of art, 
of progress, of the individual." The first step from the monot- 
onous iteration of a phrase as the expression of a felt emotion, 
to such broad treatment of a theme as we find in later poetry, is 
made through repetition with variation, such as we still find in 
negro hymns. Col. Higginson describes Hold Your Light, the 
favourite song of his negro regiment, " sung with no other 
accompaniment but the measured clapping of hands and the 
clatter of many feet." 

" Hold your light, Brudder Robert, 

Hold your light, 
Hold your light on Canaan's shore . . ." 

For " Robert " another name would be given and then another, 
and so on for half an hour. 



THE BEGINNINGS OF POETRY 101 

Repetition of epithets, phrases, lines, refrains are character- 
istic of the ballad, admittedly one of the most popular forms 
of poetry where primitive tendencies have best survived. Here 
we find accordingly other characteristics which must inevitably 
follow from communal conditions: a dictum "spontaneous, 
simple, objective, and close to actual life," the absence of figures 
and tropes, of the subjective, the reflective and the sentimental. 
The ballad, the narrative song, must have originated like other 
poetry, in the choral expression of emotion about an event or 
fact actually happening, or at least present and dominant in the 
minds of all. If the event were past, some description or indica- 
tion of the facts might b introduced. Here memory, delibera- 
tive arrangement are needed, and the artist comes to the fore; 
by degrees the function of the throng becomes secondary and 
consists in the mere answering refrain ; finally this too is dropped 
and we have the minstrel reciting, a ballad to the listening 
crowd. Nor does the change end here. With the increase of 
material comforts, glazing, artificial lighting, etc., the home, 
instead of being a place to be shunned, becomes the centre of life; 
the may-pole with its communal dances, the village green as a 
centre of social life grow obsolescent; literature is read not heard; 
the sense of personal property in literature, which the minstrels 
never had, and which was not fully developed even among the 
Elizabethan dramatists, grows apace; the practical homogeneity 
of society passes away; education and refinement separate class 
from class, and the development of intellectual culture divides in- 
dividual from individual; the emotion which appeals to all must 
still lie beneath poetry, but a poem conies to be valued mainly for 
the personal and distinctive impress which is given to this by the 
individual poet; the poem becomes a personal communication 
from author to reader, a thing for private delight; it waxes more 
intellectual, elaborate, self-conscious; its style is more and more 
differentiated from that of ordinary life; it is a work of craft and 
special skill; it is sentimental and subjective. In short modern 
poetry, as so much else in modern life, is the triumph of individ- 
ualism. 



BUSINESS OK A PROFESSION TOE THE GRADUATE. 

BY GORDON WALDRON, B.A. 

OUGHT a graduate to choose business or a profession as a 
career in life? If we could measure the graduate's fitness 
for the one career or the other as we could sort out horses 



102 UNIVERSITY OF TORONTO MONTHLY 

for the plow or the race-track, mistakes; of calling might be few. 
If the University certified by means of some sort of Bertilloii 
system the special fitness of each alumnus, as it does the fact 
that he has read the course laid down for the bachelor's degree, 
this question would need no answer. But youth is confident 
and seldom ready to listen to intimate counsels of fitness. Nor 
W>uld it, likely, be more attentive if there were in fact a chair 
of practical life or a Bertillon system of this kind. An adviser 
cannot perhaps do more than grant that all graduates, like all 
men, are equal, and try to measure the attractions of these fields - 
of action. 

Graduates, it is said, still call teaching, law, medicine, and the 
church alone the professions. The church sometimes makes 
higher pretensions; and journalism, which ought to be a noble 
profession, must Dress its claims to recognition. Leaving out 
the church, as (we must courteously do in an inquiry into the 
chances of commercial success, the only professions open to the 
graduate's choice are teaching, medicine, journalism and law. 

The rewards of teaching in Canada are small and its prizes 
few'. There are in this Province probably not half a dozen 
teachers outside the colleges who are paid more than two thou- 
sand dollars' a year. Because it promises at once a settled income 
and the means to marry early, this profession will always be 
crowded. Its drawbacks are the tyranny of school-boards, exclu- 
sion from public life and affairs, lack of provision for an old age 
bound to be brought on early, or, at all events, to be early dis- 
covered by vigilant ratepayers, and the inability which it seems 
unfortunately to beget in the teacher to turn his hand to any- 
thing else in case of misfortune. 

The physician in jthe cities must needs wait years for a paying 
practice. In the country moderate success may come sooner. 
In any case, the prizes are not large, and (Competition is ever 
increasing. Specializing has hitherto paid well; but competition 
is certain to bring it shortly to the general level. If the phy- 
sician stays in Canada, jealous class legislation confines him to 
Ontario where ^population grows very slowly. Fortunately for 
him, the great field of the United States is still largely open, 
and draws ofi each year a large number of the new men, whose 
competition would otherwise be very keen. If he be adventurous, 
he may go still farther afield to Central and South America, 
where many Canadian doctors have already done well. At 
home public life is wide open to -him with the prospect of falling 
into a shrievalty, registrarship or the like. L^nlike the teacher, 
he readily turns to business and may have wide activities. 



UNIVERSITY OF TORONTO 
MONTHLY. 



ADDRESS ALL COMMUNICATIONS FOR 
PUBLICATION TO THE SECRETARY, UNI- 
VERSITY OF TORONTO. 

Published monthly, October June. 

Subscription $1.00 a year, single copies 

15 cts. 

EDITORIAL BOARD. 

I. H. CAMERON, M.B., Chairman. 

J. C. MCLENNAN, Ph.D., Secretary. 

J. FLETCHER, M.A., LL.D.; A. R. 
BAIN, M.A., LL.D.; A. B. MACALLUM, 
M.B., Ph. D.; J. A. COOPER, B.A., 
LL.B.; L. E. EMBREE, M.A.; HON. S. C. 

(BIGGS, B.A.; T. A. RUSSELL, B.A.; GEO. 
WILKIE, B.A.; S. J. ROBERTSON, B.A., 
Managing Editor. 

THE UNIVERSITY OF TORONTO ALUMNI 

ASSOCIATION: LOCAL ORGANIZATIONS 
DIRECTORY. 

GENERAL ASSOCIATION. President, 
DR. R. A. REEVE, Toronto. Secretary, 
J. C. MCLENNAN, Ph. D., Dean's House, 
University of Toronto. 

ALGOMA, DISTRICT OF. President, 
REV. J. ALLAN, B.A., Sault Ste. Marie, 
Ont. ; Secretary-Treasurer, LESLIE A. 
GREEN, B.A., Sault Ste. Marie, Ont. 

BARRIE. President, DONALD Ross, 
B.A., LL.B., Secretary-Treasurer, A. F. 
HUNTER, M.A. 

BRITISH COLUMBIA. President, REV. 
R. WHITTINGTON, M.A., B.Sc., Vancou- 
ver, B.C. Secretary-Treasurer, ALFRED 
HALL, B.A., LL.B., B.C.L., Vancouver. 

ELGIN COUNTY, ONT. President, D. 
MCLARTY, M.D., St. Thomas. Secretary, 
S. SILCOX, B.A., B. Paed., St. Thomas. 

GREY AND BRUCE. President, A. G. 
MCKAY, B.A., Owen Sound, Ont. 
Secretary, W. D. FERRIS, M.B., Shallow 
Lake, Ont. 

HASTINGS COUNTY. President, LT.- 
COL. W. N. PONTON, M.A., Belleville. 

(Secretary, J. T. LUTON, B.A., Belleville. 
HURON COUNTY. President, WM. 
GUNN, M.D, Clinton, Ont. Secretary- 
Treasurer, CHAS. GARROW, B.A., LL.B., 
Goderich, Ont. 

KENT COUNTY President, D. S. 
PATERSON, B.A., Chatham, Ont. Sec- 
retary, Miss GRACE MCDONALD, B.A., 
Chatham, Ont. 



TORONTONENSIA 



TORONTONENSIA 



105 



LENNOX AND ADDINGTON COUNTIES. 
President, H. M. DEROCHE, B.A., K.C., 
Napanee. Secretary-Treasurer, U. J. 
FLACK, M.A., Napanee. 

LINCOLN COUNTY. President, JOHN 
HENDERSON, M.A., St. Catharines. 
Secretary-Treasurer, G. B. BURSON 
B.A., St. Catharines. 

MIDDLESEX COUNTY. President, TAL- 
BOT MACBETH, B.A., K.C., London. 
Secretary-Treasurer, F. E. PERRIN, B.A., 
London. 

OTTAWA. President, E. R. CAMERON, 
M.A., Ottawa. Secretary-Treasurer, H. 
A. HARPER, M.A., Ottawa. 

PERTH COUNTY, ONT. President, C. J. 
MCGREGOR, M.A., Stratford, Ont. 
Secretary-Treasurer, C. A. MAYBERRY 
B.A., LL.B., Stratford, Ont. 

PETERBOROUGH COUNTY. President, 
E. B. EDWARDS, B.A., LL.B., K.C., 
Peterborough. Secretary-Treasurer, D. 
WALKER, B.A., Peterborough. 

PRINCE EDWARD COUNTY. President, 
M. CURRIE, B.A., M.B., Picton. Secre- 
tary-Treasurer, A. W. HENDRICK, B.A., 
Picton. 

VICTORIA COUNTY. President, J. C. 
HARSTONE, B.A., Lindsay, Ont. Secre- 
tary-Treasurer, Miss E. G. FLAVELLE, 
B.A., Lindsay, Ont. 

WATERLOO COUNTY. President, His 
HONOUR JUDGE CHISHOLM, Berlin, Ont. 
Secretary-Treasurer, REV. W. A. BRAD- 
LEY, B.A., Berlin, Ont. 

WELLINGTON COUNTY, ONT. Presi- 
dent, WM. TYTLER, B.A., Guelph, Ont. 
Secretary-Treasurer, R. L. McKiNNON, 
B.A., LL.B., Guelph, Ont. 

WENTWORTH COUNTY GRADUATES 
ASSOCIATION. President, J. CHISHOLM, 
B.A., Hamilton, Ont. Secretary- 
Treasurer, J 4 . T. CRAWFORD, B.A., Ham- 
ilton, Ont. 

Recent Faculty Publications. 

J. Home* Cameron, M.A., University 
College^, " The Elements of French 
Composition." New York, Henry, 
Holt & Co., 1901. 

Ross G. Murison, M.A., B.D., Uni- 
versity College. "Babylonia and As- 
syria, a sketch of their history." Ed- 
inburgh, T. & T. Clark.. 1901. 

A. Carruthers, M.A., University Col- 
lege! (in collaboration with J. C. Rob- 



106 



UNIVERSITY OF TORONTO MONTHLY 



ertson B.A. of Victoria College). "The 
New Primary Latin Book for Ele- 
mentary and Advanced Classes in 
High Schools." William Briggs, To- 
ronto, 1900. 

Harmonic Club. 

The concert of the University of 
Toronto Harmonic Club was well at- 
tended at the Pavilion, January $ 
The musical portion of the programme 
was a fine display of undergraduate 
talent. The Glee Club, under Mr. A. 
T. Cringan, gave six numbers in a 
finished manner. Especially pleasing 
were the selections of the instrumental 
sextette, comprising Messrs. E. C. 
Lucas and A. H. Rolph, violins; H. M. 
Darling, viola; H. L. Wagner, 'cello; 
A. H. Abbott, B.A., flute, and W. C. 
Klotz, piano. The vocal soloist of 
the evening was Mr. Charles E. 
Clarke, '03, who has a fine baritone 
voice, which he uses with much 
expression. The combined clubs of 
the University and College of Music, 
banjos, mandolins and guitars, under 
Mr. G. F. Smedley, most effectively 
rounded out the musical part. H. N. 
Shaw, B.A., gave 1 Rossetti's " The 
White Ship," following this with two 
humorous selections. F. E. Brophey, 
B.A., supplied three or four comic 
recitations, which displayed very con- 
siderable talent. 

After the concert in Toronto, the 
Club went to Peterborough on the 
22nd, Lindsay on the 23rd, and Ottawa 
on the 24th. Thirty-five men were 
taken on the tour, of this number 
about 25 were singers. Chas. E. 
Clarke, '03, is the soloist, and F. E. 
Brophy, '05, the elocutionist. In ad- 
dition to those, Mr. H. N. Shaw, B.A., 
of the College of Music, accompanied 
the club as reader. The String Quin- 
tette adds much to the musical tone 
of the concerts this year, and Mr. 
Geo. Smedley's mandolin and guitar 
solos are attractive. The club has 
warked hard this year to make a suc- 
cess of its work, both from a musical 
and a financial point of view, and it is 
to be hoped that they will be amply 
rewarded by success. 



The Literary Society of the Ontario 
Agricultural College has received a 
splendid offer from G. C. Creelman, 
B.S.A. '88, and the other graduates of 
his year. For the development of the 
oratorical and public speaking capa- 
cities of the students of their col- 
lege, they propose to give a substan- 
tial prize each year to the member of 
:he Literary Society who prepares 
and delivers the best, oration. 

The fourth International Conven- 
tion of the Student Volunteer Move- 
ment will meet in Toronto, Canada 
February 26 to March 2. The previ- 
ous Conventions were held at Cleve- 
land in 1891, in Detroit in 1894, and 
in Cleveland in 1898, and were the 
largest meetings of students ever held. 
The last one was attended by over 
2,200 delegates. Students will be sent 
as delegates from the institutions ol 
higher learning from all sections of 
the United States and Canada. The 
programme will consist of addresses 
during the morning and evening ses- 
sions, and section meetings for the 
consideration of missions from the 
standpoint of phases of work, the dif- 
ferent missionary lands and of the 
denominations which are represented. 

The Saturday lectures this year are 
given in aid of the Convocation Hall 
Fund. The six lectures in the course 
are: January 18th, Readings from 
" Johnnie Courteau " and " The Habi- 
tant," Dr. W. H. Drummond; January 
25th, " The Growth of the Klondyke 
A Four Years' Retrospect" (with lan- 
tern illustrations), F. Wade, Esq.; 
February 1st, " The Tooth of Time," 
Professor A. P. Coleman ; February 
8th, " Some University Ideals," Rev. 
Professor Halliday Douglas; February 
15th, " Reminiscences of Cambridge," 
Rev. Provost Macklem; February 22nd, 
" The Monroe Doctrine," Professor 
McGregor Young. 



Campus and Corridor. 

There are 67 students in attendance 
at Knox College this session. 



J. W. Connor, B.A. 

An honour, which we are pleased to 
record, has fallen to one of our vet- 
eran alumni, Mr. J. W. Connor, B.A. 
'64. Mr. Connor, wo has been princi- 
pal of the high school at Berlin, 
Ont., for thirty years, resigned that 
position last summer on account of 
partial deafness. Moved by this _re- 
grettable circumstance 1 , the ex-pupils 



TORONTONENSIA 



107 



of the school arranged a re-union for 
the Christmas holidays, in connection 
with which they presented the retir- 
ing principal with the handsome testi- 
monial of $1,000. 

None who has been so fortunate as 
to come into contact -with Mr. Connor 
will feel otherwise than that this 
distinction has fallen where it is 
due. His primary instruction he re- 




ceived at the Earl Fitzwilliam School 
in Carnew, Ireland. He completed his 
education, on the removal of his fam- 
ily to Canada, at the Niagara Gram- 
mar School and at the University of 
Toronto, where he graduated, the med- 
I alist of his year in Classics, in 18(54, 
After graduation, Mr. Connor taught 
for several years in the Grammar 
Schools at Vienna and Renfrew, Ont. 
in 1871, he became principal at Berlin, 
where he has since been continuously 
engaged. 

Mr. Connor's attainments, essentially 
a native product, are a credit to 
Canadian scholarship. A familiar 
student of the classics, he is equally 
at home in the kindred branch of 
| comparative philology. His knowledge 
of Sanskrit is unusual in this country. 
His name is also well and favourably 
known in the educational circles of 
Ontario by his contributions, inde- 



pendently and in connection with 
others, to educational works on Eng- 



Women's Residence. 
The following donations have been 
received by the treasurer of the Wo- 
men's University College Residence 
Association and are gratefully ac- 
knowledged: Dr. and Mrs. Barbour 
Edinburgh, 100; Miss Wilson Edin- 
burgh, $25; Dr. Osier, Baltimore, $25' 
Professor Ramsay Wright (first in- 
stalment of $100), $25; Mrs. J. Ross 
Robertson, $25; Mrs. E. B. Osier, $50"' 
Mrs. Edward Jones, $8; Mrs. Sweny 
$20; Mrs. A. H. Campbell, $25. 

Mrs. Barbour, daughter of the late 
Hon. Geo. Brown, was one of the 
earliest women graduates of the Uni- 
versity of Toronto. This generous 
subscription from her and her hus- 
band, Dr. Barbour, of Edinburgh, in- 
dicates an enduring interest that is 
most encouraging. The gift from Miss 
Wilson, daughter of the late Presi- 
dent, Sir Daniel Wilson, also shows 
this. The committee is happy to ac- 
knowledge also pledges of subscription 
from Miss Greenshields, $100; Profes- 
sor Fletcher, $25; Mr. J. H. Coyne, 
$25. 

The following ladies have 1 consented 
to have their names added to the list 
of honorary directresses: Miss 
Mowat, Mrs. Chas. Moss, Mrs. John 
Hoskin, Mrs. Richard Harcourt. 



NEWS FROM THE CLASSES. 
The personal news is compiled from information 
furnished by the Secretary of the University of Toronto 
Alumni Association, arid by the Secretaries of local 
organizations, and from other reliable sources. The 
value of this department might be greatly enhanced 
if University of Toronto men everywhere would con- 
tribute to it. The correction of any error will be 
gratefully received by the Secretary of the Alumni 
Association . 

Graduates in Arts, 1878. 

S. S. Bates, B.A., is a Bapti't 

clergyman in Toronto. A. J. Bell, 

B.A., Ph.D., is a professor in Victoria 
University, Toronto. G. W. Beynon, 
B.A., is district registrar in Portage la 

Prairie, Man. C. Bitzer, B.A., is a 

barrister .in Berlin, Ont. J. H. M. 

Campbell, M.A., is a lumber merchant 

in Toronto. W. H. P. Clement, B.A., 

LL.B., is a barrister in Grand Forks, 
B.C. J. L. Cox, B.A., is a teacher 



108 



UNIVERSITY OF TORONTO MONTHLY 



in Harbord St. Collegiate Institute, 

Toronto. R. B. Cummings, B.A., is 

a physician in Wayne, Mich., U.S. 
S. J. Duff, B.A. (Ob). J. H. Farmer, 
B.A., is a professor in McMaster Uni- 
versity, Toronto. J. Farquharson, 

B.A., is a Presbyterian clergyman in 

Pilot Mound, Man. W. Fitzsimmons, 

B.A. (Ob). F. B. Hayter, B.A., is on 

the staff of the Auditor-General, 
Ottawa. D. R. Keys, M.A., is Lec- 
turer in English in the University ot 

Toronto. J. Morgan, M.A., B.Paed., 

is a teacher in Walkerton, Ont. D. 

McColl, B.A. (Ob). P. A. McEwen, 

B.A., is a Baptist clergyman in Ber- 
lin, Ont. M. McGregor, M.A., is a 

journalist on the staff of the " West- 
minster," Toronto. H. Nason, B.A., 

LL.B., is a barrister in Winnipeg, 

Man. T. A. O'Rourke, B.A., is a 

barrister in Trenton, Ont. E. R. C. 

Proctor, B.A. (Ob). J. Russell, B.A., 

is manager of the Winnipeg General 

Trusts Company, Winnipeg, Man. 

S. C. Smoke, B.A., is a barrister in 

Toronto. D. Stalker, B.A., is a 

Presbyterian clergyman in Calumet, 

Mich., U.S. J. A. Turnbull, B.A., 

LL.B., is a Presbyterian clergyman 
in Toronto. R. Ramsay Wright, M.A., 
B.Sc., is Professor of Biology in the 
University of Toronto. The addresses 
of the following are unknown: J. E. 
Pollock, B.A.; J. W. Russell, M.A.; 
J. S. Smith, B.A.; J. B. Wilson, B.A. 

1898. 

J. H. Alexander, B.A., is at the 
School of Practical Science, Toronto. 

C. D. Allin, B.A., is instructor in 

Political Science at Leland Stanford 
University, Cal., U.S.A. Miss E. Allin, 

B.A., is a teacher in Glencoe, Ont. 

A. W. Anderson, B.A., is a law student 

in Toronto. E. F. Armstrong, B.A., is 

a Methodist clergyman in Tupperville, 

Ont. Miss A. E. Ashwell, 'B.A., is a 

teacher in Woodstock, Ont. C. Auld, 

B.A.. is a teacher in Strathroy, Ont. 

G. H. Balls, B.A., is a teacher in 

Wardsville, Ont. T. F. Battle, B.A., 

is living in Toronto. H. R. Bean, 

B.A., is living in Galveston, Ind., U.S. 

A. E. W. Beatty, B.A., is living in 

Toronto. Miss M. H. Beatty, B.A., 

is living in Toronto. G. Black, B.A., 

is a teacher in the State Normal 

School, Cheney, Wash., U.S.A. O. M. 

Biggar, B.A., is living in Toronto. 



S. E. Bolton, B.A., is a barrister in Gan-; 

anoque, Ont. Miss E. Bowes, 'B.A., is 

a teacher in Brantford, Ont. W. Q. ', 

Browne, B.A., is a clerk in the) 
Canadian Bank of Commerce, New ! 

York, U.S.A. T. L. Buckton, B.A., is 

a teacher in Phoenix, B.C. Miss A.j 

Burbank, B.A., is living in Hamilton, 'j 

Ont. A. M. Burnham, B.A., is a 

teacher in Collingwood, Ont. F. A.3 

Carman, B.A., is a journalist in To- ' 

ronto. W. F. Carpenter, B.A., is an* 

Anglican clergyman in Pickering, Ont. . 
C. M. Carson, B.A., is a Lecturer inl 
Chemistry in the University of To- 
ronto. J. O. Carss, B.A., is a law' 

student in Smith's Falls, Ont. wj 

B. C. Caswell, B.A., is living in Grims-J 

by, Ont. R. M. Chase, B.A., is a! 

teacher in Prescott, Ont. G. M. 

Clark, M.A., LL.B. (ob.) R. J.j 

Clark, B.A., is a clerk in the Ntfl 
tional Trust Company, Montreal, Que. ' 

F. A. Cleland, B.A., M.B., is a house 

surgeon in the Toronto General Hos-J 

pital B. A. Cohoe, B.A., M.B., is as_;' 

sistant in the department of Anatomy, 
in Cornell University, Ithaca, U. S. 

A. T. A. Colclough, B.A., is a law' 

student in Toronto. G. Cooper, B.A.Jj 

is a teacher in the collegiate institutJ 
in Goderich, Ont. Mrs. R. M. Benl 
nett, B.A. (Miss M. C. Cooper), is liv-i 
ing in Grenfell, Assa. Miss C. C*| 
Crane, B.A., is living in Toronto. 
R. W. Craw, B.A., is a Presbyterian* 

clergyman in Columbia, B.C. C. T.] 

Currelley, M.A., is a Methodist clergyJ 

man in Toronto. A. T. Gushing,: 

B.A., is a theological student in 

Winnipeg, Man. Miss F. A. Danard^ 

B.A., is a- teacher in the Voluntary 
School, Avenue Road, Toronto. 
J. H. Davidson, B.A., is a teacher itiB 

Bath, Ont. Mrs. W. T. Allison, M.A. 

(Miss A. J. C. Dawson), is living at 
Acton Hill, W., London, England. 
H. J. Dawson, M.A., is a lec- 
turer in Mathematics in the 1 Royal 
Military College, Kingston, Ont. 
Mrs. J. J. Carrick, B.A., (Miss 
M. J. Day), is living in Sault Ste. 

Marie, Ont, Miss F. E. Deacon, 

B.A., is a public school teacher i 

Milton West, Ont. Miss E. J 

Deroche, B.A.. is living in Nap- 
anee, Ont. W. J. Elder, B.A., is a 

teacher in Arthur, Ont. J. H. Faull, 

B.A.. is at the University of Toronto.! 
Miss M. H. A. Fife, B.A., is aj 



TORONTONENSIA 



109 



teacher in Peterborough, Ont Miss 
E. G. Flavelle, B.A., is living in Lind- 
say, Ont. C. M. Fraser, B.A., is a 

teacher in Toronto. B. Gahan, B.A., 

is living in London, Ont. Miss E. 

M. Gibbs, B.A., is living in Port Ar- 
thur, Ont. Miss V. Gilfillan, B.A., 

is general secretary of the Y. W. C. 

A. in Hamilton, Ont. V. J. Gilpin, 

B.A., is a Methodist clergyman aft 

Dyer's Bay, Ont. Miss M. M. 

Graham, B.A., is living in Toronto. 

R. H. Greer, B.A., is living in Toronto, 

Ont. H. W. Gundy, B.A., is a 

teacher in the Jarvis Street Collegiate 

Institute, Toronto. J. McK. Gunn, 

B.A., is living in London, Ont. F. 

C. Harper, B.A., is studying in Edin- 
burgh, Scotland. Miss M. A. Harvey, 

B.A., is a teacher in Alma Ladies Col- 
lege, St. Thomas, Ont. Miss M. M. 

Hawkins, B.A., is a high-school teacher 

in Weston, Ont. Miss A. K. Healy, 

B.A., is a teacher in Brooklyn, N.Y., 

U.S.A. Miss E. M. Henry, B.A., is a 

teacher in Lanark, Ont. H. P. Hill, 

B.A., is a house master in St. Andrew's 

College, Toronto. Miss E. M. Hinch, 

B.A., is living in Carman, Man. N. 

E. Hinch, B.A., is a teacher in Kings- 
ton, Ont. J. W. Hobbs, B.A., is liv- 
ing in London, Ont. J. R. Howitt, 

B.A., is living in Guelph, Ont. A. W. 

Hunter, B.A., is a law student in To- 
ronto. Miss G. H. Hunter, B.A., is 

a teacher in Toronto. Miss M. E. 

Hunter, M.A., is in New York, U.S.A. 
Miss A. Hurlburt, B.A., is living in 

Mitchell, Ont. Miss M. Hutton, 

B.A., is living in Forest, Ont. A.. 

M. Irwin, B.A., is a Methodist 

clergyman in Dalrymple, Ont. 

E. E. Irwin, B.A., is living in Mark- 
dale, Ont. A. E. I. Jackson, B.A., 

is in the! 4th Street Bank, Phila- 
delphia, Penn., U.S.A. J. A. Jack- 
son, B.A., is a lawyer in Gananoque, 

Ont. Miss R. E. Jackson, B.A., is 

living in Toronto. Miss H. John- 
ston, B.A., is a teacher in Peekskill 
Ladies' College, Peekskill, N. Y., 
U.S.A. C. G. Jones, B.A., is liv- 
ing in Toronto. Mrs. W. R. P. 

Parker, B.A. (Miss I. M. Kerr), is 
living in Toronto. Miss F. E. Kirk- 
wood, B.A., is a teacher in Sea- 

forth, Ont. V. Kitto, B.A., is 

living in Brampton, Ont. - - T. 
Laidlaw, M.A., is living in Mayfield, 
Ont. Miss N. J. Lament, B.A., is a 



teacher in Flushing, N.Y., U.S.A. 
J. H. Lemon, B.A., is living in To- 
ronto. Miss M. Lick, B.A., is living 

in Oshawa, Ont. W. D. Love, B.A., 

is living in Oaxaca, Mexico. Mrs. 

F. P. Hobson, B.A. (Miss E. Lynde), 
is living in Edmonton, Alta. 
W. M. Martin, B.A., is a teacher 

in Exeter, Ont. Mrs. R. W. Angus, 

B.A. (Miss M. L. Menhennick), is 

living in Toronto. R. N. Merritt, 

B.A., is a teacher in Markham, Ont. 

R. H. Mode, M.A., is living in To- 
ronto. A. H. Montgomery, B.A, is 

living in Brantford, Ont. Miss I. 

Montgomery, B.A., is living in To- 
ronto. Miss E. M. D. Moore, B.A. 

(Ob.). J. G. Muir, B.A., is living at 

Swansea. Ont. Miss E. W. Muir- 

head, B.A., is living in Toronto. 

Miss K. L. Mullins, B.A., is a teacher 

in New York, U. S. A. H. Mun- 

roe 1 , B.A., is living in Woodstock, Ont. 

D. E. McCracken, B.A., is living in 

St. Mary's Ont. G. M. Murray, B.A., 

is living in Port Arthur, Ont. C. S. 

Macdonald, M.A., is living in Toronto. 

Miss H. S. G. Macdonald, B.A., is 
a teacher in Bishop Strachan's School, 

Toronto. Mrs. S. J. McLean, B. A. 

(Miss H. B. McDougall), is living in 

Fayetteville, Ark., U.S.A. A. E. 

McFarlane, B.A., is a journalist in 

New York, N.Y., U.S.A. A. Mac- 

Gregor, B.A., LL.B., is a law student 

in Toronto. M. D. McKichan, B.A., 

M.B., is living in Hamilton, Ont. 
J. M. McKinley, B.A., is a teacher in 

Forest, Ont. J. C. MacMurchy, B.A., 

is living in Toronto. H. H. Narra- 

way, B.A., is living in Vancouver, B.C. 

G. W. K. Noble, B.A., is living in 

Toronto. Miss M. I. Northway, B.A., 

is living in Toronto. H. L. Part- 
ridge, B.A., is a Methodist clergyman in 

Cooksville, Ont. Miss J. M. Pearce, 

B.A., is a teacher in Caldwell, N.J., U. 

S.A. R. J. M. Perkins, M.A., is at 

Ridley Hall, Cambridge, England. 

G. C. F. Pringle, B.A., is a Presbyter- 
ian Missionary at Gold Bottom, Yukon, 

Territory. J. D. Richardson, B.A., is 

a Methodist clergyman in Sweaburg, 

Ont. L. F. Robertson, B.A., is living 

in Stratford, Ont. D. A. Ross, B.A., 

is with the McKenzie, Mann Co., Win- 
nipeg, Man. Miss B. Rosenstadt, 

B.A., is living in Hamilton, Ont. 

Miss M. C. Rowell, B.A., is a teacher 
in Alma Ladies' College, St. Thomas, 



110 



UNIVERSITY OF TORONTO MONTHLY 



Ont. R. H. Rowland, B.A., is living 

in Toronto. Miss H. Rumball, B.A., 

is a reader in the McMillan Co., New 

York, U. S. A. P. W. Saunders, 

B.A., is living in Toronto. J. T. 

Shotwell, B.A., is at Columbia Uni- 
versity, New York, J. W. Sifton, 

B.A., is a teacher in Uxbridge, Ont. 
N. R. D. Sinclair, M.A., is living 
in Whitby, Ont. Miss M. H. Skin- 
ner, B.A., is living in Toronto. W. 

E. A. Slaght, B.A., is living in To- 
ronto. Miss M. M. Slater, B.A., is 

living at Niagara Falls, Out. VV. G. 

Smeaton is in Leipzig, Ger. A. W. 

Smith, B.A., is a teacher in Kempt- 

ville, Ont. J. J. Sparling, B.A., is 

a Methodist clergyman in Euphr- 

asia. Ont. A. B. Steer, B.A., is a 

teacher in Markham, Ont. R. Stod- 

dart, B.A., is a teacher in Listowel, 

Ont. Miss M. M. Stovel, B.A., is a 

journalist employed on the 1 Detroit 

Journal. Detroit, Mich. Miss E. G. 

Swanzey, B.A., is living in Regina, 

N.W.T. F. W. Thompson, B.A., is 

a .Methodist clergyman in Arthur, 
Ont. S. T. Tucker, B.A., is a Metho- 
dist clergyman in Wilberforce, Ont. 
G. L. Wagar, B.A., is employed by the 
Eastern Audit Company, Boston, 

Mass. Miss F. M. Webb, B.A., is 

living in New York, N.Y. D. B. White, 
B.A., is a teacher at Niagara Falls! 

Ont. Miss G. A. Wilson, B.A., is 

living in Whitevale, Ont. J. A. 

Wilson, B.A., is living in Mildmay 

Ont. M. J. Wilson, B.A., is a 

Methodist clergyman in Nile. - 
Mrs. W. Leisenring, B. A. (Miss W. 
Wilson), is living in Irwin, Pa., U.S.A. 
F. D. Woodworth, B.A., is assist- 
ant editor of the Mail and Empire, 
Toronto. 

The addresses of the following are 
unknown: W. D. Caskey, B.A.; A. 
A. E. Fisher, B.A.; A. J. Goodall, B.A.; 
W. F. Hansford, B.A.; J. V. Hender- 
son, B.A.; W. H. C. Leech, B.A.; Miss 
E. G. Moore, B.A.; Miss A. M. Nichol- 
son, B.A.; D. N. Reid, B.A.; M. W. 
Shepherd, B.A.; J. T. A. Smithson, 
B.A.; J. M. Stevens, B.A.; G. F Swin- 
nerton, B.A. 



in Medicine, 1856. 
T. J. York, M.D. (Ob) 
Woodruff M.D., is a physician 
Queens Ave., London, Ont. - J. 



w 
in 



R. Williams, M.D., is a physician in 

Cardinal, Ont. J. Walrath, M.D. 

(Ob). S. Secord, M.D., is a phy- 
sician in Kincardine, Ont. T. W. 

Poole, M.D., is a physician in Lindsay, 
Ont. C. T. Noble, M.D., is a physi- 
cian in Sutton West, Ont. N. Mc- 

Garvin, M.D., is a physician in Butte 

City, Montana, U.S.A. C. E. Martin, 

M.D., is a physician, 110 Carlton St., 

Toronto. A. Imeson, M.D. (Ob). 

C. W. Flock, M.D. (Ob). P. V. B 

Dorland, M.D. (Ob). J. Carberti 

M.D., is a physician in Orangeville 
Ont. 

1866. 

E. L. Atkinson, M.D., is a physician 

in Gananoque, Ont. J. Barr, M.D., is 

a physician in Shelburne, Ont. -E. 

J. Barrick, M.D., is a physician in To- 
ronto. A. Beith, M.B., is a physi- 
cian in Bowmanville, Ont. E. Ben- 
son, M.D., is a physician in Winnipeg, 
Man. R. H. Biggar, M.D., is a physi- 
cian in Indianapolis, Ind. C. E. 

Bonnell, M.D., is a physician hi 

Bobcaygeon, Ont. T. R. Buckham, 

M.D. (Ob). J. H. Burns, M.D. (Ob). 

W. S. Christoe, M.D., is a physi- 
cian in Flesherton, Ont. J. Coventry, 
M.D., is a physician in Windsor, Ont. 
S. Cowan, M.B., is a physician 

in Harriston, Ont. J. A. Devlin, 

M.D., is a physician in Stratford, Ont. 

M. J. Hanavan, M.B. (Ob). B 

Harley, M.D., (Ob). J. H. Hughes,' 

M.B. (Ob). A. G. Jackes, M.B., is a 

physician in Winnipeg, Man. T. 

Jacques, M.B. (Ob). C. A. Jones, 

M.D., is a physician in Mount Forest, 
On t- T. D. Keffer, M.D., is a Physi- 
cian in Toronto. J. E. Kennedy, 

M.B. (Ob). J. A. Langrill, M.B.. is a 

physician in Hamilton, Ont. G. W. 

Ling, M.D., is a physician in Wallace- 

town, Ont. W. J. Mickle, M.D., is a 

physician in Grove Hall, Bow E., Lon- 
don, England. W. H. Miller, M.D., 

is a physician in Brownstown, 

Jamaica, W. I. W. Morton, M.B. 

(Ob). N. Mulloy, M.D., is a physi- 
cian in Preston, Ont. P. J. Muter, 

M.D. (Ob). G. A. MacCallum, M.D., 

is a physician in Dunnville, Ont. 

J. McCullough, M.D., is a physician in 

Toronto. J. McCully, M.D., is a 

physician in Cedar Springs, Ont. P, 

McDiarmid, M.D., is a physician in 
Malvern, Ont. A McKay, M.D. (Ob). 



TOEONTONENS1A 



111 



J. McKeown, M.D., is a physician 

IP Detroit. Mich. J. McMahon, 

M.D., is a physician in Toronto. 

E. Oliver, M.D., is a physi- 
cian in Sarnia Ont. W. H. Oliver, 

M.D., is a physician in Chicago, 111. 

Oronhyatekha, M.D., is a physician in 

Toronto. W. F. Savage, M.D., is a 

physician in Guelph, Ont. J. Sin- 
clair, M.B., is a physician in St. 

Thomas, Dak. D. Smith, M.D., 

is a physician in Hamilton, Ont. 

J. W. Smith, M.D. (Ob). J. 

Stubbs, M.B. (Ob). H. H. Sutton, 

M.B., is a physician in Madoc, Ont. 
C. N. Trewe, M.D., is a physician in 

New Westminster, B.C. T. W. Var- 

den, M.D., is a physician in Gait, Ont. 

H. E. Vaux, M.D., is a physician 

in Brockville, Ont. J. Wallace, M.D., 

is a physician in Alma, Ont. D. L. 

Walmsley, M.D., is a physician in 

Detroit, Mich". J. Watson, M.D., 

is a physician in Unionville, Out. 

G.Wilkins, M.D., is a physician in 

Montreal, Que. R. W. Williams, 

M.B., is a physician in Allenford, Ont. 

T. Wylie, M.D., is a physician in 

Toronto. M. Youmans, M.D. (Ob). 

The addresses of the following are 
doubtful: R. B. Clark, M.D., Belle- 
ville, Ont. R. Gowan, M.D., Toronto. 

J. B. Mills, M.D., Springfield, Ont. 

S. Moore, M.D., Nilestown. N. 

Mclntyre, M.B., Phoenix, Arizona. 

D. MacMurchy, M.D., Smithville, 
Ont. J. F. Orr, M.D., Chicago, 111. 

J. W. Rolph, M.D., Brantford, Ont. 
The addresses of the following are 
unknown: J. S. Douglass, M.D.; R. 
Edmondson, M.D.; E. H. Gates, M.D.; 
S. L. Hughes, M.D.; J. B. Johnson, 
M.D.; J. Manson. M.D.: S. MacDonald, 
M.D.; J. McGregor, M.D. 



S. P. S. 1888. 

J. F. Apsey, O.L.S., is with the 
James River Construction Co., 115 
East Franklin St., Richmond, Va. 

S. P. S. 1889. 

Brock Carey is in Toronto W. J. 

Chalmers is assistant engineer to 
the Ohio River Improvement, Vanport, 

Pa. W. A. Clement, A.M. Can. Soc. 

C.E., is roadways engineer, City En- 
gineer's Office, Toronto, Ont. G. F. 

Hanning is on the engineering staff of 
the Ontario & Rainy River Ry., Port 



Arthur, Ont. H. E. T. Haultain, 

C.E., is a mining engineer, Nelson, 

B - c - J. Irvine, is a civil engineer 

Harriston, Ont. D. D. James, B.A., 

B.A.Sc., O.L.S., is on the engineering 
staff of the Algoma Central Ry., Michi- 

picoten Harbor, Ont. F. X. Mill 

(Ob.) H. K. Moberly is with the 

Quebec Fire Assurance Co., Innisfail, 

Alberta. T. R. Rosebrugh, M.A., is 

Professor in Electrical Engineering, 
School of Practical Science, Toronto. 

T. Wickett, M.D., is a physician 

in Watford, Ont. 

S. P. S. 1890. 

W. E. Boustead (Ob). F. M. Bow- 
man, C.L.S., C.E., is chief engineer, 
for Riter & Conley, Alleghany, Pa. 

M. A. Bucke, M.E. (Ob). G. D. Cor- 

rigan (Ob). J. A. Duff, B.A., A.M. 

Can. Soc. C.E., is Lecturer in Applied 
Mechanics, School of Practical Science, 
Toronto. A. B. English is in To- 
ronto N. L. Garland is in the 

Garland Manufacturing Co., 76 Bay St., 
Toronto S. Hutcheson. O.L.S.. is 

city engineer, Guelph, Ont. W. L. 

Innes, O.L.S., C.E., is manager of the 
Simcoe Canning Co., Simcoe, Ont- 
E. B. Merrill, B.A., B.A.Sc., is an elec- 
trical engineer, Picton, Ont. J. R. 

Pedder (Ob). R. A. Ross, E.E., is a 

consulting electrical and mechanical 

engineer, 17 St. John St., Montreal. 

T. H. Wiggins, O.L.S., is drainage 

engineer, Finch, Ont. W. J. With- 

row is with the Luxfer Prism Co., 
Toronto. 

S. P. S. 1891. 

H. J. Beatty, O.L.S. is a surveyor, 

at Eganville, Ont. T. R. Deacon, 

O.L.S. , is managing director of the 
Mikado Gold Mining Co., Rat Portage, 

Ont. C. W. Dill is a contracting 

engineer, Bracebridge, Ont. O. S. 

James, B.A.Sc., is an analytical chemist 
and assayer, 17 Richmond St., East, 
Toronto. A. Lane is a civil engin- 
eer, Barstow, Texas. J. E. McAllis- 
ter, B.A.Sc.. is with the Hamilton 

Bridge Works Co.. Hamilton, Ont. 

J. E. A. Moore, C.E., is erecting enein- 
eer, for the Willman Seaver Co.. Cleve- 
land, O. W. Newman, O.L.S.. A.M. 

Can. Soc. C.E., is city engineer, Wind- 
sor, Ont. J. K. Robinson (Ob). - 

W. B. Russel is a member of the firm 
of Russel, Poulin & Co., contractors, 



112 



UNIVERSITY OF TORONTO MONTHLY 



Pembroke, Ont. G. E. Silvester, 

O.L.S., is a member of the firm of De- 
Morest & Silvester, civil and mining 

engineers,. Sudbury, Ont. H. D. 

Symmes is manager of the Sturgeon 
Lake Mining Co., Niagara Falls, Ont. 

The following have received the 
degree of LL.D. from the University 
of Toronto: 

George, p. (Hon.) LL.D. '01. Jas. 

C. Aikins. LL.D. (Hon.) '92, Toronto. 
-Wm. T. Aikens, M.D., LL.D. 

(Hon.) '89 (Ob). Jas. A. Allan, 

LL.D. '85, Perth, Ont. David 

Allison, LL.D. '74, Sackville, N.B. 

Isaac B. Ayjesworth, LL.D. '78, Kin- 
tore, Ont. Sir Geo. Baden-Powell, 

LL.D. (Hon.) '92, London, Eng. E. 

I. Badgley, LL.D. '78, Toronto. N. 

G. Bigelow, LL.D. (Hon.) >92 (Ob). 

David Blain, LL.D. '70, Toronto. 

Edward Blake, M.A. '58, LL.D. (Hon.) 

'89, London, Eng. Sir John A. Boyd, 

M.A. '61, LL.D. (Hon.) '89, Toronto. 

Geo. Bryce, M.A. '68, LL.D. '84, 

Winnipeg. S. B. Burdette, LL.D. 

'79 (Ob). Rev. Alex. Burns, LL.D. 

'78 (Ob). Nathaniel Burwash, LL.D. 

(Hon.) "92, Toronto. Rev. John 

Campbell, M.A. '66, LL.D. (Hon.) '89, 

Presbyt'ian College, Montreal. Wm. 

Caven, LL.D. (Hon.) '96, Toronto. 

Sam'l. H. Cochrane, LL.D. '70 (Ob). 

B. Cocker, LL.D. '74 (Ob). John B. 

Crozier, MB. '72, LL.D. (Hon.) '99, 

London, Eng. W. H. Dallinger, 

LL.D. '84, London, Eng. Geo. M. 

Dawson, LL.D. (Hon.) '99 (Ob). 

Wm. W. Dean, LL.D. (Hon.) >92, 

Lindsay Jas. C. Donaldson, LL.D. 

'82 (Ob). The Right Honourable 

Gilbert John Elliott, Earl of Minto, 

LL.D. (Hon.) '99. Sir John Evans, 

LL.D. (Hon.) '97, London, Eng. 

Louis H. Frechette, LL.D. (Hon.) '99, 

Montreal. The Hon. John Campbell 

Hamilton Gordon, Earl of Aberdeen, 

LL.D. (Hon.) '94. G. M. Grant, 

LL.D. (Hon.) '99, Kingston. A. S. 

Hardy, LL.D. (Hon.) '97 (Ob). E. 

P. Harris, LL.D. (Hon.) '90, Amherst, 

Mass. A. S. HiTI, LL.D. (Hon.) '92, 

London, Eng.- Sir Wm. H. Kingston, 

LL.D. '91, Montreal. J. G. Hodgins, 

LL.D. '70, Toronto. John Hoskin, 

LL.D. (Hon.) '89, Toronto. Henry 

Hough, LL.D. (Hon.) '91, Toronto. 

J. B. Hurlburt, B.A. '48, LL.D. '56 
(Ob). Wm. Kerr, LL.D '87 



Cobourg. G. Kennedy, M.A. '60, 

LL.D. '77, Toronto. Sir Geo. A. 

Kirkpatrick, LL.D. (Hon.) '94 (Ob). 
J. Landauer, LL.D. (Hon.) '92, 

Braunsclnveig, Ger. Dr. Lavell, 

LL.D. (Hon.) '92, Kingston. Sir 

Wilfrid Laurier LL.D. (Hon.) '97, 

Ottawa. Lord Lister, LL.D. (Hon.) 

'97, London, Eng. J. Loudon, M.A. 

'64, LL.D. (Hon.) '94, Toronto. 
Sir W. R. Meredith, LL.D. (Hon.) '89, 

Toronto. Jas. Mills, LL.D. (Hon.) 

'92, Guelph. Chas. Moss, LL.D. 

(Hon.) '00, Toronto. Sir Oliver 

Mowat, LL.D. (Hon) '89, Toronto. 

Wm. Mulock, M.A. '71, LL.D. (Hon.) 

'94, Toronto. A. Murdock, M.A. '69, 

LL.D. '84, Springford, Ont. Sir John 

Murray, LL.D. (Hon.) '99, Edinburgh. 

Sir John A. Macdonald, LL.D. 

(Hon.) '89 (Ob). S. S. Macdonell, 

M.A. '49, LL.D. '58, Windsor. J. 

McKercher, LL.D. '92, Montreal. J. 

J. McLaren, LL.D. '88, Toronto. J. 

A. McLellan, M.A. >63, LL.D. '73, 

Hamilton. D. McMichael, M.A. '60, 

LL.D. '60 (Ob). N. MacNish, M.A. 

'64, LL.D. '74, Cornwall. S. S. 

Nelles, LL.D. '72 (Ob). S. Newcomb, 

LL.D. (Hon.) '99, Washington, D.C. 

T. Nichol, LL.D. '81 (Ob). Win. 

Ormiston, LL.D. '82 (Ob). T. D. 

d'Orsonnones, LL.D. '83 (Ob). Wm. 

Osier, LL.D. (Hoff.) '99, Baltimore, Md. 
F. L. Paton, LL.D. (Hon.) '94, 

Princetown, N.J. J. Patton, LL.D. 

'58. (Ob). Wm. Punshon, LL.D. '72 

(Ob). A. Purslow, LL.D. '81, Port 

Hope. Lord Rayleigh, LL.D. (Hon.) 

'97, London, Eng. A. H. Reynar, 

LL.D. (Hon.) '89, Toronto. Jno. 

Rolph, LL.D. (Hon.) '59 (Ob). J. E. 

Rose, LL.D. '85 (Ob). G. W. Ross, 

LL.D. (Hon.) >94, Toronto. A. W. 

Ryan, LL.D. '92, Duluth, Minn. E. 

'61 (Ob). J. P. 

(Hon.) '96, Toronto. 



LL.D. 
LL.D. 



Ryerson, 
Sheraton, 

D. A. Smith (Hon.) '88, Sackville, 

N.B. E. H. Smythe, M.A. '71, 

LL.D. '81, Kingston. R. Snelling, 

LL.D. '73 (Ob). T. H. Spencer, 

LL.D. '70 (Ob). E. A. Stafford, LL.D. 

'89 (Ob). A. A. Stockton, LL.D. '87, 

St. John, N.B.- C. A. Stockton, 

LL.D. '87, St. John, N.B. A. W. 

Strongman, LL.D. '90, Goderich. J. 

R. Teefy, M.A. '94, LL.D. (Hon.) '96. 

Toronto. Lord Kelvin, LL.D. (Hon.) 

'97, Glasgow. D. Waters, M.A. '60, 

LL.D. '70 (Ob). J. Wilson, LL.D. '72, 



TORONTONENSIA 



113 



Cobourg. The addresses of the follow- 
ing are unknown: H. ^Taylor, LL.D. 

'74. L. D. Watson, LL.D. '78. A. 

Wickson, M.A. '50, LL.D. '60, London, 
Eng. , 

Personals. 

Every alumnus of the University o Toronto is in. 
filed to eend to the Editor items of interest for 
insertion in this department News of a personal 
nature about any alumnus will be gladly received. 

Wm. Begg, B.A. '90, is in Reef, Ari- 
zona. 

W. J. Mill, B.A. '91, is living in Lon- 
don, Ont. 

R. A. Paterson, B.A. '86, is in Inger- 
soll, Ont. 

W. G. Clarke, B.A. '95, is at Honeoye 
Falls, N.Y. 

Rev. J. R. Mann, B.A. '00, is in Balti- 
more, Ont. 

H. S. Cayley, B.A. '81, is at Grand 
Forks, B.C. 

P. M. Barker, B.A. '66, is in Edmon- 
ton, N.W.T. 

Rev. John Stuart, B.A. 'SO, is in 
Monon, Ind. 

Rev. J. Drummond, B.A. '87, is in 
Big Run, Pa. 

R. M. Pascoe, B.A. '84, M.A. '87, is 
in Avoca, Pa. 

A. Mowat, B.A. '91, is a teacher in 
Brockville, Ont. 

B. A. Simpson, B.A. '00, is in Sault 
Ste. Marie, Ont. 

D. L. L. A. Welwood, B.A. '95, is in 
Shiperlay, Man. 

J. F. Hutchison, B.A. '96, is teaching 
in Oxbow, Assa. 

A. W. Peart, B.A. '81, is living at 
Burlington, Ont. 

Miss E. Dennis, B.A. '99, is teaching 
at Samokin, Pa. 

A. M. Maxwell, B.A. '97, is living in 
Wellington, B.C. 

W. E. Burns, B.A. '95, is a barrister 
in Victoria, B.C. 

J. D. D. Sully, B.A. '67, is living in 
Rochester, N. Y. 

A. C. Gait, B.A. '73, is a barrister 
in Rossland, B.C. 

A. G. Smith, B.A. '87, is a barrister 
at Dawson, Y. T. 

A. R. McRitchie, B.A. '90, has re- 
moved to Morpeth, Ont. 

John W. McBean, B.A. '00, is living 
in Brantford, Ont. 

H. Turnbull, B.A. '81, is a barrister 
in Winnipeg, Man. 

A. I. Fisher, B.A. '01, Is in the Civil 
Service, at Ottawa. 



Carl Engler, B.A. ;oi, is in the Civil 
Service, at Ottawa. 

T. E. Elliott, B.A. '87, is a teacher 
in Wardsville, Ont. 

G. D. Stanley, M.B. '01, is ranching 
at High River, Alta. 

Wm. Scott, B.A. '83, is a physician 
in Peterborough, Ont. 

W. W. A. Trench, B.A. '99 is teach- 
ing at Unionville, Ont. 

C. T. Glass, B.A. '82, is an insurance 
agent in London, Ont. 

Dugald Stewart, B.A. '72, is a physi- 
cian at Teeswater, Ont. 

Alfred Hector, B.A. '63, is at 143 
W. 116th St., New York. 

C. D. Ferguson, M.B. '01, is a physi- 
cian at Cameron, Texas. 

R. W. Smith, B.A. '86, M.A. '87, is 
living in Trenton, Ont. 

W. A. Bain, B.A. '99, is living at 145 
Gerrard St. E., Toronto. 

F. S. Selwood, B.A. '97, is a law 
student in Boston, Mass. 

A. Williams, B.A. '66, K.C., is a bar- 
rister in Vancouver, B.C. 

Fergus Black, B.A. '73, is a physi- 
cian at Port Colborne, Ont. 

J. B. Jackson, B.A. '81, K.C., is a 
barrister in Ingersoll, Ont. 

T. H. Scott, B.A. '63, M.A. '68, is liv- 
ing in Port Dalhousie, Ont. 

Miss M. E. Craig, B.A. '97, is at 161 
West 106th St., New York. 

Miss M. B. Bald, B.A. '85, is an in- 
structor in Hartford, Conn. 

H. H. Ross, B.A. '69, M.A. '71, is a 
merchant in Iroquois, Ont. 

Wm. McKay, M.B. '63, is living at 
282 St. George St., Toronto. 

Thomas B. Futcher, M.B. '93, is a 
physician in Baltimore, Md. 

R. A. Barren, B.A. '81, is a teacher 
at Niagara-on-the-Lake, Ont. 

B. A. Elzas, B.A. '93, is living in 
Charleston, South Carolina. 

Mrs. Hogg (Miss I. M. Barber), B.A. 
'94, is living at Preston, Ont. 

W. A. Merkley, B.A. '95, is an osteo- 
pathic physician in Toronto. 

C. G. Jones, B.A. '98, has removed 
from Paris, Ont., to Toronto. 

J. N. Robertson, B.A. '97, is living 
at 219 Bleecker St. Toronto. 

C. H. Brown, B.A. '95, M.D. (McGill), 
is a physician in Ottawa, Ont. 

J. F. Mills, B.A. '90. is a Baptist 
clergyman, Grand Forks, N.D. 

W. C. Weir, B.A. '84, is a Baptist 
clergyman, Carleton Place, Ont. 



114 



UNIVERSITY OF TORONTO MONTHLY 



J. L. Campbell, 'B.A. '83, is a Baptist 
clergyman in New York city, N.Y. 

j B. Reid, M.B. '99, has removed 
from St. George to Demorestville, Ont. 

H H. Smith, B.A. '00, is a teacher 
in the Orangeville, Ont., high school. 

J. W. Crewson, B.A. '88, is a teacher 
in the public school in Cornwall, Ont. 

H R Trumpour, B.A. '00, is teach- 
ing at Rothsay College, Rothsay, N.B. 

Miss Alice M. Wilson, B.A. '94, is 
taking a course in the Sorbonne. Paris. 

J. N. Elliott, B.A. '89, is a Presby- 
terian clergyman in Muscatine, Iowa. 

W. B. Willoughby, B.A. '83, LL.B. 
'88 is a barrister in Moose Jaw, Assa. 

F. W. Webber, B.A. '81, M.A. '83, is 
an Anglican clergyman, in Syracuse, 
N.Y. 

J. D. Graham, B.A. '88, M.A. '91, is 
superintendent of schools, Pasadena, 
Cal. 

J. A. McDonald, Phm.B. '98, of 
Guelph, Ont., has removed to Sonora, 
Cal. 

D. G. Mcllwraith, M.B. '01, is on the 
staff of the City Hospital, Hamilton, 
Ont. 

Rev. J. J. Ferguson, B.A. '90, is a 
Methodist clergyman in Willowdale, 
Ont. 

W. A. McKim, B.A. '95, is a teacher 
in the collegiate institute at Perth, 
Ont. 

G. W. Ogilvie Dowsley, M.B. '99, is 
a physician at Michipicoten Harbour, 
Ont. 

Miss A. Caroline Macdonald, B.A. 
'01, is general secretary of the Young 
Women's Christian Association, Ot- 
tawa. 

Miss E. C. Weaver, B.A. '00, is a 
teacher in Bishop Strachan School, To- 
ronto. 

W. T. Allison, B.A. '99, is a journa- 
list and is on the staff of the " News," 
Toronto. 

J. W. Henderson, B.A. '89. is a bar- 
rister at 855 Market St., San Fran- 
cisco, Cal. 

H. A. Dwyer, B.A. '90, LL.B. '92. is a 
clergyman, 24 Boscastle Road, Lon- 
don, Ener. 

F. A. Ballachey, D.D.S. '99, has re- 
moved from Brantford, Ont., to Buf- 
falo, N.Y. 

Christopher Robinson, B.A. '46, K.C.. 
has been elected chancellor of Trinity 
University. 



G. V. Maclean, B.A. '93, M.A. '96, is 
principal of the high school at Har- 
riston, Ont. 

W. J. Motz, B.A, '93, is the pro- 
prietor of the " Berliner Journal," 
Berlin, Ont. 

F. W. Shipley, B.A. '92, is professor 
of Latin in .Washington University, 
St. Louis, Mo. 

Miss K. McCallum, B.A. '00, is as- 
sistant principal in Tottenham, Ont., 
public school. 

Daniel Hull, B.A. '89, is a teacher 
in the East Division High School, Mil- 
waukee, U.S. 

W. E. Ledyard, B.A. '67, M.B. '70, 
has removed from San Francisco to 
Berkeley, Cal. 

G. L. Wagar, B.A. '98, is with the 
Eastern Audit Company, 53 State St., 
Boston, Mass. 

R. H. Mode, B.A. '98, M.A. '99, is a 
divinity student in McMaster Univer- 
sity, Toronto. 

Geo. Young, B.A. '96, is classical 
master in the collegiate institute, 
Brandon, Man. 

Miss J. 0. White, B.A. '96, of Wood- 
stock, Ont., is living at Dob's Ferry- 
on-the-Hudson. 

C. W. Service, B.A. '95, is a medical 
missionary among the Indians at 
Clayoquot, B.C. 

A. W. Milden, B.A. '88, has a pro- 
fessorship in Emory and Henry Col- 
leee, Emory, Va. 

W. B. L. Donald, M.B. '00, has re- 
moved from St. George, Ont., to San 
Barnardino, Cal. 

W. D. Foss, B.A. '71, has retired 
from the practice of law and is living 
in Norwich, Ont. 

T. M. Wilson, B.A. '96, who has been 
teaching in Paris has removed to 
Vankleek Hill, Ont. 

James Short, B.A. '85, is a member 
of the firm of Sifton & Short, barris- 
ters, Calgary, Alta. 

J. Arthur Jackson, B.A. '98, and S. 
E. Bolton, B.A. '98, are practising law 
in Gananoque, Ont. 

Mrs. D. G. Revell (Miss H. R. Mur- 
ray), B.A. '95, has removed from Paris, 
Ont, to Chicago, 111. 

C. D. Allan, B.A. '98, is an instructor 
in Political Science at Leland Stan- 
ford University, Cal. 

H. B. Powell, M.D., C.M., (Vic.), '92 
proprietor of the Ocean Springs Hotel, 
Ocean Springs, Miss. 



TOEONTONENSIA 



115 



Miss J. K. Lawson, B.A. >99, has a 
position in the library in Columbia 
University, New York. 

N. B. Gwyn, M.B. '96. is instructor 
in Medicine in the University of Penn- 
sylvania, Philadelphia. 

W. A. McK. Chant, B.A. '95, is a 
writer of advertising, and lives at 188 
Ossington Ave., Toronto. 

Robt. Cameron, B.A. '68, M.A. '69, is 
editor of " Watchword and Truth," 27 
State St., Boston, Mass. 

W. B. Scott, B.A. '97, is a member 
of the firm of McKissock & Scott, 
barristers, Gore Bay, Ont. 

Claude G. Bryan, B.A. '96, secretary 
of Mr. Gilbert Parker, M.P., is visiting 
his relatives in Toronto. 

W. H. Cline, B.A. '83, who is a Bap- 
tist clergyman, has removed from 
Paris to Owen Sound, Ont. 

Rev. James Roy, B.A. '68, M.A. '71, 
LL.B. (McGill) is a Methodist clergy- 
man in Niagara Falls, N.Y. 

C. Chaisgreen, B.A. '95, is in the 
employ of the Mexican International 
Railroad, Durango, Mexico. 

W. A. MacKinnon, B.A. '97, is chief 
of the fruit division of the Depart- 
ment of Agriculture, Ottawa. 

T. S. McCall, B.A. '83, M.A. '84, is a 
clergyman and is president of Owens- 
boro' College, Owensboro', Ky. 

R. M. Hamilton, B.A. '87, who is a 
Presbyterian clergyman, has removed 
from Brantford to Weston, Ont. 

W. B. Smith, B.A. '00, who is a 
Methodist clergyman, has removed 
from Cainsville to Ponthill, Ont. 

W. D. Corson, Phm.B. '97, and H. E. 
Hawkins, Phm.B. '97, have removed 
from Brantford, Ont., to Toronto. 

B. D. Harison, M.B. '82, M.D. '01, has 
practised medicine for the past fifteen 
years in Sault Ste. Marie, Mich. 

Rev. R. J. Murphy, B.A. '93, is an 
Anglican clergyman and has lately re- 
moved from Essex, to Eastwood, Ont. 

W. N. Bell, B.A. '94, is principal of 
the high school at Paris, Ont., and M. 
L. Rush, B.A. '96, is Science master. 

W. L. Silverthorne, B.A. '95, is em- 
ployed in the office of the Farmers' 
Co-operative Packing Co., Brantford, 
Ont. 

Miss H. V. Rumball, B.A. '98, is a 
reader on the staff of MacMillan & Co., 
publishers, 50 West 17th St., New 
York. 



H. P. Hill, B.A. '98, F. J. Birchard, 
B.A. '01, Grant Cooper, B.A. '98, are 
teaching in St. Andrew's College 
Toronto. 

J. G. Brown, B.A. '89, is secretary of 
the Baptist Foreign Mission Board, 
and is living at 523 Euclid Ave., 
Toronto. 

A. A. Lawson, Ph.D. (Chicago), for- 
merly of the class of '91, is an instruc- 
tor in Botany at Leland Stanford 
University, Cal. 

W. A. R. Kerr, B.A. '99, M.A. '01, 
who is taking a post-graduate course 
at Harvard, is living at Perkins Hall, 
Cambridge, Mass. 

H. E. Ford, B.A '95, M.A. '00, is 
professor of Romance Languages at 
Washington and Jefferson College, 
Washington, Pa. 

J. F. Snell, B.A. '94, Ph. D. (Cornell), 
instructor in Chemistry in the Uni- 
versity of Cincinnati, is living at 103 
St. Clair St., Cincinnati, O. 

A. W. Stratton, B.A. '87, Ph.D. 
(Chicago) is registrar of the Punjab 
University and principal of the Orien- 
tal College, Lahore, India. 

Miss F. B. Forbes, B.A. '97, after 
travelling for her health in Europe 
for a year, has returned to Toronto, 
and is living at 14 Shannon St. 

W. J. Moran, B.A. '91, LL.B. '92, of 
Rat Portage, Ont., has been appointed 
District Crown Attorney for the dis- 
trict of Rainy River, in the stead of 
the late 1 Henry Langford. 

Dr. K. C. Mcllwraith of the Univer- 
sity of Toronto Medical Faculty, was 
elected a Fellow of the Obstetrical 
Society of Edinburgh at its last meet- 
ing. 

R. Wightman. B.A. '97, is Mathe- 
matical master in the high school at 
Paris, Ont.,' which position he ac- 
cepted on leaving the Collegiate Insti- 
tute! at St. Mary's, a year ago. 

F D. Fry, B.A/94, who hasi been Eng- 
lish master in the Mitchell, Ont., high 
school, has accepted a scholarship in 
the University of Pennsylvania, where 
he will take a post-graduate course. 

J. R. Wightman, B.A. '71, M.A. '72, 
professor ctf Romance Languages, 
Oberlin College, Oberlin, O.. is enjoy- 
ing a year's vacation and will spend 
i.he rest of the winter in southern 
Europe. 



116 



UNIVERSITY OF TORONTO MONTHLY 



R. D. Sproat, M.B. '01, and A. J. G. 
Macdougall, M.B. '00, have been ap- 
pointed Civil Surgeons attached for 
duty to the Royal Army Medical 
Corps. Their work is among the Boer 
prisoners in Bermuda. 

In connection with the supplement 
to the December number, "The Early 
Days of the University," we referred 
to Judge Boys as senior County Judge 
of the County of Simcoe, which was 
incorrect, as he is junior County 
Judge. 

C. J. MacGregor, B.A. '55, M.A. '57, 
collector of customs, Stratford, Ont., 
writes that he 1 finds the historical 
sketches recently published in the 
.VMvrm.Y of great interest. Mr. Mac- 
Gregor was an occasional student in 
Professor Croft's laboratory in 1849 
and matriculated in 1851. 

The following Alumni have been 
elected mayors of their respective 
towns: E. C. S. Huycke, LL.B. '87, 
Cobourg, Ont; J. A. C. Brant, B.A. '89, 
Gravenhurst, Ont.; J. W. Hart, M.D. 
'92, Huntsvillef, Ont.; Peter White, Jr., 
B.A. '93, LL.B. '97, Pembroke, Ont.; 
J. M. Balderson, B.A. '84, Perth, Ont. 

The following Alumni are now resi- 
dents of Sault Ste. Marie, Ont.: Rev. 
J. Allan, B.A. '75, M.A. '80, Methodist 
clergyman; Professor A. B. Willmott, 
B.A. '87, B.Sc.; A. S. McCaig, M.B. '96, 
who is a physician; J. L. O'Flynn, 
B.A. '97, who is a barrister; J. L. R. 
Parsons, B.A. '97, who is on the staff 
of the Algoma Commercial Co.; J. A. 
Shannon, D.D.S. '90, and L. A. Green, 
B.A. '95. 

Rev. J. McDonald Duncan, B.A. '86, 
B.D. '99, of Woodville, Ont, has been 
appointed associate editor of the Sab- 
bath School publications of the Pres- 
byterian Church in Canada, whose 
offices are in the Confederation Life 
Buildings, Toronto, and of which Rev. 
R. Douglas Fraser, B.A. '70, M.A. '71, 
Is editor and business manager. Mr. 
Duncan was Fellow in University Col- 
lege in his department in 1888-9, and 
Lecturer in Apologetics in Knox Col- 
lege In 1894-95 and 1895-96. He is 
now President of the Knox College 
Alumni Association. 

W. J. Abbott, B.A. '97, M.B. '01, has 
been appointed assistant in the De- 
partment of Anatomy at Cornell Uni- 
versity. Mr. Abbott was doing post- 



graduate work in London, England, 
when this position was offered to him, 
and he returns to America to begin 
work at Cornell about February 1st 
He is the third Toronto graduate who 
has been appointed an assistant in An- 
atomy at Cornell within a year. B. A. 
Cohoe, B.A. '98, M.B. '01, and A. H. 
Montgomery, B.A. '98, M.B. '01, have 
been there since October, and the fact 
that a third Toronto man has now 
been appointed speaks well for the 
work which these men have done, and 
a great deal for the recognised worth 
of the training which our Medical 
Faculty is giving in the University. 



Marriages. 

Bailey-Cruickshank On December 
25th, 1901, at Weston, Louis G. Bai- 
ley, M.D., Superintendent of the Gen- 
eral Hospital in Stonega, Va., was 
married to Miss Jean Cruickshank, 
M.B. '98, Registrar of the Women's 
Medical College. 

Parks-McLennan At Stratford, Ont., 
on December 31st, 1901, W. Arthur 
Parks, B.A. '92, Ph.D. of the 1 Univer- 
sity of Toronto, was married to Miss 
Jean McLennan, of Stratford, Ont. 

Putnam-Shuttlcworth At Guelph, 
George A. Putnam, B.S.A. '00, was 
married to Miss Catherine Shuttle- 
worth, sister of Professor Shuttle- 
worth of Ontario Agricultural College, 
Guelph, Ont. 

Rush-Burdick At Aylmer, Ont, on 
Christmas Day, 1901, M. L. Rush, B.A. 
'96, was married to Miss May Burdick 
of Aylmer. 

Vivian-Brodie On December 24th. 
1901, at Port Hope, Reginald Percy 
Vivian, M.B. '99, of Barrie, was mar- 
ried to Miss Annie 1 May Brodie, of 
Port Hope. 



Deaths. 

Clark At Toronto, Jan. 20th, Gor- 
don Mortimer Clark, B.A. '98, M.A. '00, 
LL.B. '01, Barrister-at-Law, only son 
of William Mortimer Clark, K.C. 

Marquis At Brantford, on Sunday, 
December 8th, after a very brief ill- 
ness, Robert Arnold Marquis, eldest 
son of the late Duncan Marquis, M.D. 
'67. 

Robertson Rev. James Robertson, 
D.D., of the class of '67, died at his 
home in Toronto, January 4th. 



THE CARS WELL COMPANY, LIMITED, PHINTEBS 



BUSINESS OR A PROFESSION 103 

Journalism would seem to be a promising field. In fact it is not. 
Many graduates take a turn at reporting and leave it in a' f \v 
months. In Toronto perhaps half a dozen graduates have settled 
down to journalism. In Toronto or Montreal fifteen hundred 
to two thousand dollars a year is about the limit of an editorial 
writer's dream. There are not in all Canada a dozen positions 
worth more than that of a good bookkeeper, and few of them are 
held by university men. In the country, journalism, if a profes- 
sion, is also a business. Though its rewards are not large, it 
lias a bright side. It gives ready entrance into public life, and 
holds forth the prospect of public office. Again, the United 
States with all its prizes is open, though the overflow from 
journalism is not so marked as it is from medicine. 

Law has most prizes and most attractions. The legal profes- 
sion furnishes all the judges and judicial officers, and from its 
ranks must be drawn many administrative officers. Its alliance 
with business is very close. Lawyers organize and promote com- 
panies, become company directors and often successful business 
men. They learn, the law and habits of finance, and so enter 
that enticing field where skill more than capital is the essential 
of success. If it were clear that Canada is on the eve of a great 
commercial development, law would be the most promissing 
profession. As to that, the graduate had better not trust either 
his own judgment or the statements of politicians. The attrac- 
tions of law which determine youth are its publicity, its political 
opportunities and its forensic shows. These will not cease to keep 
the profession overcrowded, as it now is. The late Mr. D'Alton 
McCarthy used to say that, twenty-five or thirty years ago, a 
young lawyer could settle anywhere in the country and make two 
thousand dollars in the fir&t year. That was in the days of line- 
1 fence disputes. To-day the young lawyer will do extremely 
well if he gets so far on in ten years. About one-fourth of the 
lawyers of Ontario practise in Toronto. The rest, scattered 
throughout the small towns and villages, suffer keenly from the 
competition of unlicensed conveyancers. Relief by exit to the 
United States, as 1 in the case of the other professions, is of neces- 
sity practically .shut out. Although the lawyer is much seen 
on the stump, it would seem from a study of the membership 
of the Legislature and ,the House of Commons that graduate 
lawyers, or indeed graduates of any kind, would be more likely 
to get into parliament if they became drovers, auctioneers or 
pumpmakers. Lawyers do go into parliament; but graduates of 
any kind seldom. The ^graduate about to choose a profes- 
sion and every other thoughful person might well think over 
this fact. 



104 UNIVERSITY OF TOKONTO MONTHLY 

Business may mean anything from market-gardening to 
niruing " the stock-market. The graduate w ho has wealth, or 
wli< comes of a family in business, ought not, as things now are, 
to turn lightly to the professions, unless it be to law for a time. 
As to the value of legal training to a business man there can b 
no doubt. Usually it needs money to go into business, and it is 
safe to say that nine-tenths of the graduates of all the universities 
of Ontario have no money to go into business. From Chaucer's 
time "clerkes" have been proverbially poor. The special train- 
ing of a graduate in science is, or ought to be, a business capital 
which he may use at once to lay the foundation of a business 
career. The graduate in the humanities . can only take a clerk- 
ship. From that he might make his way it is not likely that 
he would. He would cling to his tastes, and we should find 
him, as we do now and then, writing in the press or speaking at 
literary or collegiate gatherings, always a little beside the ques- 
tion, but always lugging in his well-worn Latin. 

Where the question narrows to one of means there is no need 
of discussion. It is well, perhaps, to add that these lines are not 
meant for the truth-seeker or the inspired. May there be many 
such among the sons of the University. 



ANNOUNCEMENT. 

Alumni of the University of Toronto, who are not already sub- 
scribers to the UNIVERSITY OF TORONTO MONTHLY or who have not paid 
their annual fee to the Alumni Association, should send one dollar to 
the Secretary at once. This will insure the receipt of all publications 
issued by the Association during the present year. The presence of the 
word " Paid " in red ink on the wrapper of this issue shows that the 
receiver's fee for the current year has been paid. 

UNIVERSITY or TORONTO MONTHLY is published during the college year 
in nine monthly issues. The subscription price is ONE DOLLAR per year, 
single copies FIFTEEN CENTS. 

All communications should be addressed to the Secretary of the 
University of Toronto Alumni Association, Dean's House University 
of Toronto. 




SIR DANIEL WILSON. 

LATE PRESIDENT OF THE UNIVERSITY OF TORONTO AND 
UNIVERSITY COLLEGE. 



THE 



UNIVERSITY OF TORONTO MONTHLY 



VOL. II. 



FEBRUARY, 1902. 



TABLE OF CONTENTS. 



Sir Daniel Wilson, By H. R. Fair- 
dough, M. A., Ph. D. - 118 

The Proposed Convocation Hall, By 
Sir William Meredith - 121 

The New Medical Buildiner, By Pro- 
fessor Mackenzie' - - - - 122 

What is a Tragedy? By W. S. Milner, 
M. A. - 124 

The Mystery of the Medals, By James 
H. Richardson, M. D. - - - 130 

Torontonensia : 
Campus and Corridor - - - 136 



PAGE 

The Conversazione - - - 137 

Class of '92. - ... 138 

Harmonic Club Tour. - 138 

Recent Alumni Publications - 139 

The Wellington County Alumni - 139 

News from the Classes - - - 141 

Graduates in Arts -. - - 141 

" Medicines - - 142 
Graduates of the School of Practical 

Science ----- 143 

Personals 143 

Marriages 144 

Deaths - - 144 



EDITOBIAL. 

The attention of the Alumni is called -to the article on page 121 
on the proposed Convocation Hall, by the Chancellor, Sir 
William Meredith. 

An error was made in stating in our last issue that Dr. H. H. 
"Wright was the first Professor of Medicine in the University of 
Toronto. The Professors in the Medical Faculty of the Univer- 
sity of Toronto, during its first session in 1850, were: 
W. B. Mcol, Professor of Materia Medica and Botany; K C. 
Grwynne, M.B., Anatomy and Physiology; John King, M.D., 
Theory and Practice of Medicine ; 'H. H. Croft, D.C.L., Chem- 
istry and Experimental Philosophy; W. Beaumont, F.R.C.S., 
Principles and Practice of Surgery and Clinical Surgery; Geo. 
Herrick, M.D., Obstetrics and Diseases of Women and 
Children; Lucius O'Brien, Medical Jurisprudence; James IT. 
Pichardson, Practical Anatomy. 



118 UNIVERSITY OF TORONTO MONTHLY 

SIR DANIEL WILSON. 

BY H. R. FAIRCLOUGH, M.A., PH.D. 

FOR the main facts * in the life of Sir Daniel Wilson, one may 
turn to the Dictionary of National Biography, or, better 
still" to Mr. H. H. Langton's sympathetic sketch in vol. 5 of the 
Review of Historical Publications relating to Canada. To those 
who have read the latter article, it may seem almost presumptu- 
ous to attempt, in a few short pages, to handle afresh a subject 
which has been treated so recently and in so admirable a man- 
ner. I take it, however, that what is expected of me is not a 
detailed account of Sir Daniel's distinguished career, but rather 
a portrayal of the most striking features of his character, as seen 
by one who was fortunate enough to enjoy a somewhat intimate 
acquaintance with him. And perhaps I may be pardoned if, in 
giving this sketch, I repeat some of thr words I used in The 
Varsity nearly ten years ago, written shortly after our Presi- 
dent's death. 

Sir Daniel's career was a fitting exemplar for the youth of the 
country in which the best days of his life were spent. Very 
delicate as a bov, he yet succeeded, by careful attention to the 
laws of physical health, in developing a remarkably vigorous and 
healthy manhood, and in passing beyond the Psalmist's limit 
of threescore years and ten. Lone: walks were his favourite 
and daily recreation, and mountain-climbing, whether in his 
loved Highlands of Scotland, or amid the beautiful retreats of 
New Hampshire, was his chief holiday delight. 

But hard exercise was to him but the handmaid of hard work. 
It may safelv be said that in the whole University no one worked 
harder and more faithfullv than the President. Even after the 
great disaster of the fire of 1890, when his heavv correspondence 
was increased tenfold, not a single letter was left unanswered, 
but rising as was his custom at early dawn, the President had 

* These may be summarized as follows: Born in Edinburgh, 1816; 
educated at the Edinburgh High School and University; engaged in 
literary life in London, 1837; married, 1840; returned to Edinburgh, 
1842; appointed Hon. Sec. of Scottish Society of Antiquaries, 1845; pub- 
lished Memorials of Edinburgh, 1848; Archaeology of Scotland, 1851: 
appointed Professor of History and English Literature, University 
College, 1853; Prehistoric Man, 1862; awarded medal of Natural History 
Society for . original research, 1863; Chatterton, 1869; Caliban, 187?; 
Spring Wild-Flowers, 1875; Reminiscences of Old Edinburgh, 1878; 
appointed President of University of Toronto, 1881; knighted. 1888; pre- 
sented with the freedom of Edinburgh, 1891; The Right Hand, Left- 
lIundrdHrss, 1891; The Lost Atlantis, 1892; died In Toronto,, August 6th, 
1892. 






SIR DANIEL WILSON 119 

accomplished nearly half a day's work before many of his 
younger colleagues had entered, their studies. And hard work 
was characteristic of. Sir Daniel all his life long. Thrown as a 
lad upon his own resources, he toiled unceasingly with his brush 
or his pen; and even after winning repute and a competency he 
never relaxed his labours. 

One secret of this capacity for work was his heartiness, his 
never-flagging vivacity. Sir Daniel was never bored with his 
manifold duties. Whatever he did, he did with his might. Such 
a man always has more to do than others, and much of the Presi- 
dent's work was self-imposed. How he found time for half of 
what he accomplished was a marvel to his friends, even though 
they knew he was unhappy only when idle. " Only idlers go to 
the theatre/ 7 was the sternest reproof he could administer to one 
who admired the art of Roscius. 

A cheerful and radiant disposition and an unfailing good 
temper characterized Sir Daniel's dailv life, brightening the dul- 
ness and relieving the monotony of drudging toil. Care rested 
lightly on his shoulders. Such a disaster as that of the memorable 
fourteenth of February would have killed manv a man of his age. 
But not* for one moment on that trying night did his spirit quail. 
" Don't be disheartened, Mr. President," said a professor, when 
the fiery fiend was doing his worst. "Disheartened, man!' 7 
replied Sir Daniel, " why, we'll have a finer building than ever 
before I go." Early the next morning the President was on 
the move, and before many hours went by plans for reconstruc- 
tion were entered upon and arrangements made for continuing 
lectures without a single omission. And Sir Daniel lived to see 
his dearest wish fulfilled. "Mine has been a singularly happy 
life," he often said in his last hours. 

But if cheerfulness and enthusiasm were characteristic of the 
man-, no less so was the variety of his intellectual interests. 
Artist, litterateur and scientist, he won pronounced success in 
many fields and took an active interest in all spheres of mental 
r.otivity. His Memorials of Edinburgh in the Olden Time, of 
which a new and handsome edition appeared in 1891, is beauti- 
fully illustrated from his own sketches, and indeed he could 
have made a good living in the old world with his brush. Prob- 
ably his main interest lay in science. In ethnology and arch- 
aeology his work is original and of great importance. Keen, 
too, was the delight Sir Daniel took in pure literature. "No man 
in Canada knew his Shakespeare better than he, and those who 
had the ,erood fortune to hear his public lectures on the bard of 
Avon will remember how marvellously comprehensive and rich 




120 UNIVERSITY OF TORONTO MONTHLY 

in illustration were, those eloquent discourses. Sir Daniel's 
iiit'ts ;is n poet were not inconsiderable, and his "Spring AVild- 
nowcrs" contain manv a gem. In biography, his studv of 
Chattel-ton is widely and favourably known, and the memoir, 
William Nelson, is a most interesting account of the life of an 
old Edinburgh friend. 

Other striking: traits in Sir Daniel's character were his gen- 
ero-ity, simplicity, puritv, lofty sense of honour and fervent 
piety. At a time when a harsh materialistic philosophy prevails, 
casting its blighting influence over the minds of men and chill- 
ing their noblest aspirations, such lives as Sir Daniel's are rare 
and conspicuous in their beauty. An earnest Christian, he 
carried his religion into his daily life, and sought in all things 
to follow humbly the divine Master whom he served. A man 
in his position must often have disagreeable duties to perform, 
but Sir Daniel faced all with a fearless conscientiousness which 
even those who may have felt aggrieved could not but respect. 
The childlike purity of his mind, his sweet simplicity and un- 
worldliness, enhanced the charm of his noble character, even as 
a delicate aroma enriches the beauty of the rose. His generosity 
found expression in many ways. His philanthropic, schemes 
were numerous, and the charitable societies of Toronto lost in 
him one of their warmest supporters. The ragged newsboys 
looked upon him as their especial friend. His warm sympathy 
with those in trouble, his readv assistance in cases of distress, 
his unfailing kindness to dependents and employees all this 
deserves to be remembered, the more so as such acts were always 
unostentatious, and known to few besides those concerned. Only 
a short time before his death, learning that a college servant had 
illness in his family, and that the doctor in attendance had 
recommended some expensive sanitary improvements, Sir Daniel 
sent for the man and pressed upon him a cheque for one hun- 
dred dollars, which he was to return only in the event of his 
being able to afford it. Remarkable was the affection enter- 
tained for him by the veteran college bedel. It is literally true 
that Sir Daniel's death killed our good old Robert McKim. 

In his social life Sir Daniel was one of the most charming of 
men. Given to hospitality, he delighted to see round his board 
and in his home-circle men of various walks in life. He was 
always a genial and kindlv companion, brimful of humour, and 
ever ready with interesting stories of the distinguished men 
whom he had known here and in the old land. The students 
found him easy of access and were always welcome at his house. 
lo the young instructor he was prompt to give encouragement 






SIE DANIEL WILSON 121 

and helpful advice. He hated sham, wire-pulling, and every- 
thing of that ilk, but the honest scholar and investigator knew 
that nowhere could he find a truer friend arid better guide. 

As an administrator, Sir Daniel was one of the ablest presi- 
dents Toronto is ever likelv to have. The ideal university head 
combines hi^h scholarship and culture with great business capa- 
city, and Sir, Daniel exhibited many of the qualities which have 
made Scotchmen lead in commercial activity in every corner of 
the British Empire. Moreover, as a man of striking and even 
picturesque appearance, with his tall, erect figure, crowned with 
snowy locks, he was usually the centre of attraction in any public 
gathering, and when he rose to speak, he at once drew the atten- 
tion of all by his chaste and copious! language, his dry, sparkling 
wit, and his thoroughly practical, common-sense view of the 
question at issue, 

Toronto Alumni must never be allowed to forget that to Sir 
Daniel's ready pen and eloquent tongue are due in a large 
measure both the present greatness and even the present exist- 
ence of their University. " I have resolutely battled," he once 
said, "for the maintenance of a national system of university 
education in opposition to sectarian or denominational colleges. 
In this I have been successful, and I regard it as the great work 
of my life." I i 



THE PROPOSED CONVOCATION HALL. 

BY SIR WILLIAjM MEREDITH, CHANCELLOR OF THE UNIVER- 
SITY OF TORONTO. 

A MOVEMENT has been recently organized by the Alumni 
" Association to provide the University with a hall suffi- 
ciently large to afford accommodation for the annual commence- 
ment exercises, and for the various other meetings of an academic 
or social character which are held from time to time in connec- 
tion with the work of the institution. The advantages of possess- 
ing such a building are obvious, and the necessity for making 
some adequate provision for these larger meetings is now felt 
with increasing force, on account of the great expansion of the 
University in recent years. 

In the 'reconstruction of the buildings after the fire of 18! 
the authorities found that the state of the finances did not war- 
rant the restoration of the old Convocation Hall. Since that 
time the claims of the teaching departments have been so urgent 
as to tax to the utmost the resources of the University, and M.o 



122 UNIVEKSITY OF TORONTO MONTHLY 

authorities see no immediate prospect of providing a public hall 
out of the endowments or revenues. It would appear that, if 
such a building is to be erected in the near future, it must be 
done through private benefaction. 

The Alumni Association has issued an appeal to the graduates, 
undergraduates and friends of the University to provide the 
necessary funds by subscription, and I take the liberty of warmly 
commending the project to your favourable consideration, and 
of urging you to aid in its realization bv your personal contribu- 
tions as well as by enlisting the interest and liberality of friends 
of the University. 

It is a project in which the graduates 1 of all faculties are inter- 
ested, and with a united effort on the part of all it should not 
be difficult to collect the sum required, which has been esti- 
mated at $50,000. I understand that the graduate members 
of the faculties have already subscribed $6,000 of this amount, 
and I venture to hot>e that the generosity and self-sacrifice repre- 
sented by this subscription will be appreciated .and imitated by 
the graduates in general. I 

I trust that the movement may be crowned with abundant 
success, and that we may have, as its result, an edifice which will 
not only serve a most useful purpose, but will also stand as a 
monument to the loyalty and affection of our graduates. 



w 



THE NEW MEDICAL BUILDING. 
BY j. j. MACKENZIE, B.A., M.B. 

E present in this issue a drawing of the newTmedical 
building which it is expected will shortly be begun in 
the space between the West Wing of the Biological Depart- 
ment and the Library. 

It will be seen that the Architect has been successful in com- 
bining utility with architectural beauty, so that the building 
will be a decided ornament to the University lawn, which it will 
face. 

The interior construction is based on what has been called the 
unit system, a system of laboratory construction which has been 
worked out by Professor Sedgewick Minot of Harvard and his 
colleagues for the new Medical Buildings of Harvard Univer- 
sity.^ The unit adopted here is 30 feet by 23 feet, and each unit 
has its long wall practically filled by two large windows, thus 
ensuring splendid lighting for the units. The adoption of the 
unit system simplifies materially the problems of construction, 






THE NEW MEDICAL BUILDING 



123 




124 UNIVERSITY OF TORONTO MONTHLY 

as the partitions may be put in independent of the _ unit lines, or 
may be altered at any time, in a few hours and with very little 
expense. The presence of the units with their enormous window 
space has rendered somewhat difficult the problem of giving to 
the west facade the architectural beauty necessary to a building 
in the position which this one will occupy, but the architect has 
succeeded admirably by balancing the large glass area by the 
solid masonry of the ventilating towers and flanking lecture 
rooms. 

The western portion will be two stories in height, and the two 
wings which run east into the ravine on account of the inequality 
of the ground, will have four stories. 

The Arts Department of Physiology will occupy the southern 
portion, whilst the work of the Medical Department will be 
carried on in the northern portion of the building. 



WHAT IS A TRAGEDY? 

BY W. S. MILNER, M.A. 

THIS question was asked some years ago of pupils applying 
for entrance to our high schools, and I thought it was high 
time that I knew myself. Now, the world moves so fast in these 
latter days that older graduates may welcome an attempt to bring 
them up to the plane on which their sous and daughters move, 
or. at least, they may take heart when they see the condition 
of mind in which the writer was left after grappling with this 
apparently innocent question. 

Repairing to the " father of those who know," we are told by 
Aristotle that tragedy is a presentation of a serious action 
" through pity and fear effecting the proper purgation of these 
emotions." If this definition does not bring us far on our way 
to learning what tragedy is, it at least tells us, if we can inter- 
pret Aristotle's words, what tragedy does. Eager in our quest, 
we find that these words have been mistranslated and misunder- 
stood in all possible ways. " The purgation of these emotions " 
might, as far as the Greek goes, mean either " the purifying of 
the emotions," or, "the purifying effect upon us as a 
result of the awakening of these emotions within us," or " the 
freeing us from these emotions themselves." Aristotle was 
an acute enough observer of human nature to know that the fre- 
quent spectacle of misery, unassisted on our part, dulls the 
instinct of pity; and until the present moment there have always 
been those who adopt this cynical interpretation of the. words. 



WHAT IS A TRAGEDY? 



125 



The cultured classes in his ideal State will have their "good life " 
disturbed by the ever present sie;ht of human misery art provides 
a means of extinguishing unwelcome emotion. But the majority 
have always believed in some intrinsic, purifying eifect upon 
ourselves of the spectacle of human disaster on the stage. Now 
that great tragedy does exert some such effect upon the spectator, 
who has not been conscious? Still, a moral purpose is not the 
intention of these words. The clue was discovered by looking 
carefully into the metaphor involved in the word "purgation." 
It is borrowed from a sort of homeopathic medical treatment. 
The Greek temperament was particularly liable to a form of 
religious ecstasy (they give us the word itself). Persons affected 
in this way were restored to their self control by playing to them 
wild, tumultuous music. The diseased emotions were thus still 
further excited, but as the music died away the patient fell 
back into his proper self. If this were the full content of the 
words, they would then mean that there is "perilous stuff" in 
the bosoms of us all, which is the better for having a safe outlet. 
In short, that dramatic art provides a proper satisfaction for our 
'* natural hunger for tears," as Plato would say, our " amour 
propre de souff ranee," or, on the contrary, compels a noble sym- 
pathy from the hard of heart and unimaginative. There is a 
deep truth in this, but more is intended by the words. In the 
Greek " these emotions " is really " such emotions." Now the 
emotions of pity and terror excited on the stage are not the emo- 
tions of actual life. No one enjoys the spectacle of actual dis- 
aster in life. Something has disappeared when the scene is pro- 
perly presented in the drama the self -regarding quality. Herein 
lies the magic of the tragedian's art. The egoistic taint is purged 
taway, so that the full content of these words contains both the 
second and third possible interpretations. 

For let us look more closely at the words pity and terror. 
They are correlative terms in Aristotle's psychology. Hobbes' 
famous definition of pity as " fear that the like may befall our- 
selves" is essentially Aristotle's conception. We pity when we 
should fear if the' disaster threatened ourselves, Now Aristotle 
insists upon both pity and fear. Yet the disaster befalling the 
hero of the play does not actually threaten us. The fear therefore 
is not the fear of real life. But as the tragic spectacle moves be- 
fore us on the staere, we are lifted out of ourselves and filled with 
an elevated sense of the mystery of existence. This enlarged 
sympathv with the human lot, then, is the source of dramatic 
pleasure, and the function of the drama, The fear mentioned, 
therefore, is the reflex of the pity. Pity alone would be mere 



126 UNIVERSITY OF TORONTO MONTHLY 



Fear, in excess, would cut the strings of human 
effort. How shall the balance be maintained? How shall the 
proper purgation (purgation has the article in Greek) be effected? 
We are ready to take another step in our search for the mean- 
ing of tragedy. And Aristotle presently goes on to describe the 
ideal hero for tragedy. He passes in review three possible 
heroes. (1) The truly good man falling into disaster. (2) The 
bad man moving from disaster to prosperity. (3) The bad man 
crushed. The good man advancing from disaster to prosperity 
he omits, clearly because, while pity and terror would be excited 
early in the play, vet the final effect of the play would not be 
tragic. All three possible heroes are then dismissed, the first 
1>: raiise the feelings excited could not be pity or terror. We 
should simply be " shocked." Now the spectacle of the defeat of 
perfect innocence or puritv of purpose is at least very rare on the 
stage. We think at once of Antigone in the Greek drama. But 
what real Greek feeling was toward Antigone is perhaps doubt- 
ful. And after all is not the critical moment in the play the 
lament of Creon over the ruin about him as it were, "O 
Haemon, my son, my son, would God I had died for thee!"? 
Creon it is who errs, and falls, and ini his fall involves the inno- 
cent. Equally rare is the hero perishing- in a forlorn hope. Yet 
both are true to the essential facts of life. There must, there- 
fore, be some deeper reason involved than that covered by Aris- 
totle's word ''shocking," and somewhere here hovers the essential 
idea of tragedy. 

The second alternative is dismissed because the feeling excited 
is indignation. Doubtless here we all agree. That the wicked 
do flourish, however, is known to more than the Psalmist. Here 
again the very meaning of traeredy is at stake. Lastly, he rejects 
the bad man overthrown. Again the history of the drama bears 
him out. A Richard III. is almost unique in modern, and un- 
known in ancient tragedy. But he has been made possible. It 
was left to modern drama to discover dramatic motives unknown 
to antiquitv. There remains then, he concludes, the man like 
ourselves, not eminently good or bad, "whose misfortune is 
brought about not by vice or depravity, but by some error." 
" Error " translates " hamartia " in the Greek, which may mean 
either an^error due to ignorance, culpable or not; or the hasty act 
of a passionate moment; or a weak strain in the character.' In 
anv case it is the error of a moment, or the sudden snapping of 
the weakest link in the chain of character. For the real distinc- 
tion Between the Greek and the Shakesperian drama lies in this 
tragic instant. In the error of a moment lie the issues of life, 
whereas, in the Shakesperian drama, "our pleasant vices" groiv, 



WHAT IS A TEAGEDY? 127 

until they culminate in disaster. But both types of motive are 
true to the facts of life. In its infancy, drama, like history, 
loves to bring tremendous issues out of small beginnings. His- 
tory, at least, has gone to the other extreme to-clav. But nihil 
per saltum is not always the method of nature. The contrast of 
motive between the drama of Shakespeare and that of Aeschylus 
and Sophocles is not that of character and fate. " Myself am 
Fate " was the fundamental chord in Aeschylus, in his indict- 
ment of popular theology. Sophocles saw further into the 
problem of human misery: "Sin and sorrow" is not the ex- 
planation of all human woe. But as little of Sophocles as the 
writer of Job is it true that fate is the disposer of our lot. 

Let us now pause a moment to combine Aristotle's examina- 
lion of the hero with his first definition of tragedy. We may 
journey further and fare worse. Is not the essence of tragedy 
this: Through a moment's error, or the long development of a 
single flaw in a character, a mortal >man comes into conflict 
with eternal law and falls, but the spectators consent? As the 
centuries go by new ways are "found of beginning this conflict, 
and eternal law displavs an ever vaster content. Love, honour, 
ambition, jealousv, a puzzled will have been added to the 
dramatic "errors" bv Shakespeare, Our own time has seen the 
addition of hereditv and environment to our conception of the 
universal plan of things. A mortal man, then, is brought into 
conflict with immortal law, he falls and the spectators consent. 

Now I sav the audience consents, because this consent is in- 
volved in a proper conception of these words, " through pity and 
fear." The proper balance must be maintained. This wav lie 
sentimentalism and weak melancholy, that way lies despair. 
All great drama has instinctively avoided Little Nells and Paul 
Dombeys. The conflict of the drama is not for the weak and 
helpless things of this world. But the drama of Ibsen surely 
errs in the other direction. His theme is not the mystery of human 
existence, but its irony defeated ambitions, broken ideals are his 
stock in trade. His heroes and heroines, in short, fail "to realize 
their lives." This is to sap our strength for life, to lower the 
world's vitalitv. And the normally constituted audience will 
not consent. I say normally constituted, for the pleasure given 
by such tragedy one can illustrate in no better way than by 
quoting the remark of a lady who had just come from a house of 
mourning "I never enjoyed a corpse so much." 

No, the dramatist must reconcile us to eternal law this is 
the ultimate content of that " proper purgation of the feelings of 
pitv and terror" the true dramatic pleasure. The dramatist is 



128 UNIVERSITY OF TORONTO MONTHLY 

not writing with a moral purpose but under a moral necessity. 
In their intuitive way, these purveyors of lii^h ennobling plea- 
sure strive from age to age to bring order into the moral worjd, 
as the physical investigator into the material. In periods of 
LIT* -at, national development, when the nation's pulse runs high, 
and the human spirit is liberated "like a long-cramped scroll" we 
have high drama. On the morrow we find Melpomene frequent- 
ing life's blind alleys. She still givea pleasure, but it is not the 
true dramatic pleasure ther "proper purgation." 

Finally, Aristotle concludes his analysis of the ideal hero with 
a striking addition : "He must be one who is highly renowned 
and prosperous." Here, too, we find Shakespeare in agreement. 
Is this agreement the intuitive instinct of the artist? I hereby 
placard this new path of enquiry as "dangerous." One pursues 
it but a short distance when he descries all the signs of a great 
conflict. Euripides was assailed in his time for bringing rags 
and tatters upon the stage. Now does this canon of Aristotle 
belong simply to the aristocratic structure of Greek society and 
social ideals? Must tragedy in its perfect form be ever " the fall 
of something great," or can we take our heroes from below? 
Mr. Seton Thompson's delightful books suggest possibilities even 
in the animal world. All situations it would seem are in a true 
sense tragic when they suddenly bring us close to the solemn 
mystery of the human struggle and of immutable law, and more 
or less so as they evoke high sympathy. But once more we are 
driven back to the fundamental issue the " proper purgation " of 
the feelings of pitv and terror. Are the pity and terror in the 
equipoise required for noble human pleasure? Some see no more 
in the Greek and Shakesperian choice of hero than the vicarious 
pleasure of assisting at scenes in a life out of the range of our 
experience. The tragedy for princes then would be drawn' from 
the submerged ranks of the social order. And princes have 
had a taste, it is said, for "slumming." But surely more is 
involved. On the other hand, the great in station or character are 
better able to buffet destinv. We thus avoid excess in pity. On 
the other hand, a certain distance seems necessary. The acutest 
sorrows of life were strangely softened and tender hues through 
the haze^of memory. This distance may or may not be secured 
by a social remove, but it appears to me that, as in the past so 
in the future, the highest form of dramatic pleasure requires that 
the characters, while men like ourselves, shall yet be endowed 
i higher powers for good or evil, for joy or buffering. The 
na^-H- power of the drama thus lifts us for the moment out of 
above ourselves, frees us from the bitter self-regarding 



WHAT IS A TRAGEDY? 129 

taint of the pity and terror of actual life, and deepens in us a 
sense of its pathetic and solemn issues. 

But again I find myself harking back to that type of hero 
whom Aristotle dismisses, the good man overthrown. Helpless 
innocence we have ourselves put aside, but the man of strength 
and purity of purpose the hero of a lost cause or, to con- 
dense the issue, the play of Oberammergau have we here the 
impossible for tragedy? Aristotle's word "shocking 7 ' does not 
appear to cover the difficulty. Some would say "such a hero 
brings the action to a standstill by not 'striking back'.' 7 

But Browning has shown the possibilities of the hero over- 
thrown in a struggle for great ends. He would almost appear to 
have taken up the challenge of the great Italian patriot Mazzini, 
who conceived of a newer tragedy, in which man should co- 
operate with the divine purpose, and no longer fling himself 
against the eternal order of things. It has, indeed, been acutely 
urged that, with such a motive, the tragic pity and terror are 
overborne by our admiration for the hero. Yet, is this the case 
with Browning's Luria? After all do we not confess ourselves 
to have at times cherished a feeling that there is subtle opposition 
between all the noblest tragedy of the past and the Christian 
ideal? But this type of hero, this is a counsel of remote perfec- 
tion. It is the mission of inspired tragic genius to work in its 
own intuitive fashion upon the great problems of evil and 
human suffering and to harmonise life's mystery. Sunt 
lacrimae rerum. Great tragedy plays upon this cosmic melan- 
choly and turns it to nobler ends; the weak and morbid it lifts 
out of and above themselves, and from the strong and unim- 
aginative compels high symp'athy and awe, while from all alike 
it evokes a momentary acquiescence in the insoluble mystery of 
existence. But it is disheartening to see the wonderful power of 
Stephen Phillips fall back in his first effort, Paolo and 
Francesca, upon the motive of mere fate. The audience and 
play managers will have Romeo and Juliet end similarly with 
the death of the lovers. Yet it is to be noted that this is not 
Shakespeare's ending of the play, and clearly it was not his idea 
that life was thus well lost. 

In Paolo and Francesca, as indeed in Herod and Mariamne, 
Mr. Phillips errs on the side of pity. We have the protesting, 
lyric cry of individual agony, but not the tragic diapason. To 
my mind ' The Second Mrs, Tanqueray ' of Mr. Pinero is a 
failure even greater. In all alike there is lacking the sane, com- 
pelling master-touch to effect the proper purgation. 



130 UNIVERSITY OF TORONTO MONTHLY 

THE MYSTERY OF THE MEDALS. 

BY JAMES H. RICHARDSON, M.D. 

IN December. 1812, during the war between Great Britain and 
the United States, there was formed in York (Toronto), a 
Society called the Loyal and Patriotic Society, whose object, as 
stated in the Constitution, was to afford aid and relief to such 
militiamen of the Province of Upper Canada as might be 
wounded or otherwise disabled, and also to their families, and 
"to award merit, excite emulation, and commemorate glorious 
exploits by bestowing medals, or other honorary marks of public 
approbation and distinction, for extraordinary instances of per- 
sonal courage, or fidelity in defence of the Province," Presi- 
dent, Chief Justice Scott; Sec., Hon. Alex. Wood; Treasurer, 
Hon. Eev. Dr. Strachan.* 

The contributions from this Province, Montreal and Quebec, 
Jamaica, and London, England, were very large, and the Society 
showed great zeal in carrying out its purpose. 

After giving $800f of its funds to a Society "for the relief 
of strangers in distress," it closed its operations in 1817, giving 
the balance of its funds, $48.25, to the same Society. 

It was generally known, at that time, that a large portion of 
its funds had been appropriated to procure medals, and that they 
had been received, but that none had ever been distributed. 
What had become -of them was a mystery. 

TAventy-three years elapsed and all persons interested had re- 
linquished, all hope of learning: what had been done with them, 
when the matter was brought before the House of Assembly and 
a Committee, with David Thorburn as Chairman, was appointed 
to inquire and report , 

( The Hon. Messrs. Allan, Wood, Cruikshanks, and Kev. Dr. 
strachan, all directors of the Society, were summoned to give 
evidence. 

From a voluminous report of the operations of the Society 
landed in by Mr. Wood, it appeared that when the Society closed 
its operations in 1817, "there was at the disposal of the Society 

a v i?T. K n $1 >' rSO - 25 > besides medals of gold and silver, for 
which $5,500 had been appropriated.'^ 

* The. facts stated here are derived from the proceedings of the 
ie of Assembly and appendix, 1840, and from Explanations of the 
roceedmgs of the Loyal and Patriotic Society." 

t Amounts are given in dollars instead of . s. d,. as they appear 
in the records. 

$ See appendix to Proceedings of House of Assembly, No. 5. 



THE MYSTERY OF THE MEDALS. 13 1 

Mr. Wood, having informed the Committee of the House of 
Assembly that he still considered himself the Secretary, "was 
desired to inform himself whether it was the intention of the 
Society to carry out the objects for which it was formed. Mr. 
Wood replied that " he did not consider the House of Assembly 
had anything to do with the operations of the Society, being 
wholly of a private nature. 77 

The Committee, however, " did not coincide with Mr. Wood's 
objection, 77 and summoned Mr. Thos. G-. Bidout, cashier of the 
Bank of Upper Canada. " He informed the Committee that, in 
the autumn of 1822, a box was brought to the Bank of Upper 
Canada, with a key, by a -person who was apparently a servant- 
man, which he opened, and found to contain a quantity of medals, 
apparently some of gold, the greater part of silver; that the box 
had not been opened since and still remained in the vaults of the 
Bank. 77 

The Committee ascertained that "there was another box con- 
taining forty-eight medals, in the possession of Mr. Allan, which 
was found among the effects of the late Chief Justice Scott, but 
whether these two boxes contained all the medals that were 
ordered your Committee have not ascertained. 77 

The Hon. Rev. Dr. Strachan was then examined, but no in- 
formation of any consequence was elicited from him. 

In closing their report, the Committee recommended the fol- 
lowing resolution, which was passed by the House: " Resolved, 
that this House is of the opinion that it is most desirable that 
the medals referred to should be distributed according to the 
original intention, among the militia entitled to them, who are 
now living, and among the children of such as are dead, that 
they may be retained as a distinguished memorial of the gallantry 
and loyalty, of the brave and patriotic men for whom they were 
designed. 77 

This action of the House of Assembly raised a storm of 
virtuous indignation, and was resented by the Loval and Patri- 
otic Society. The Committee of the House was denounced as 
an " inquisition "f and the Society declared that " they could not 
see, and did not acknowledge the propriety, of the interference of 
a body which had not manifested, while the Society was in the 
most active operations, the slightest interest in their affairs. 77 ^ 

t Explanation, pp. 14, 15. 
t Explanation, pp. 19, 20. 



132 UNIVEESITY OF TOKONTO MONTHLY 

A meeting of the Loyal and Patriotic Society was summoned 
and held 011 July 7th, 1840, the record of which reads like a 
burlesque. 

"It was submitted by the Hon. Mr. Allan that a disposition 
had lately been shown to interfere in the disposal of medals, 
which had been procured many years ago, ... and it is 
therefore necessary that the surviving members of the Society 
should in the execution of the trust committed to them, take 
measures for carrying into effect the resolution which was deliber- 
ately entered into at a former meeting " (twenty years before). 

Accordingly it was resolved that we " do unanimously concur 
in the (6 in number) propriety of carrying into effect the resolu- 
tion of the meeting of February 22nd,' 1820." 

" Resolved, that Messrs. Allan and Wood do accordingly, with- 
out delay, dispose of the medals for the best vrice that can be 
obtained for them, and vest the amount in the Bank of Upper 
Canada for the use of the General Hospital, upon the same terms 
as the residue of the funds were paid over for the like purpose." 

This reference to "terms," "residue of funds," "and like pur- 
poses," introduces us to another chapter of this Loyal and Patri- 
otic Society. ; 

Two years after the Society's operations had been closed, i.e., 
in 1819, the sum of $20,000 was received from English con- 
tributors. This was a windfall. The Secretary immediately 
wrote to London "that, as the accounts of the Society were closed, 
and no application has been recently made for pecuniary 
relief, it was proposed to apply the sum towards the creation of a 
General Hospital," and asked whether "such an application would 
fully meet the inclinations of the subscribers in England." 

JSTo intimation was given of the need of funds to supply medals 
the poor militia men, but it was plausibly stated that "in it (the 
hospital) such objects of the original charity as may remain 
could seek an asylum." - 

How many such "objects" there could be to seek the "asylum" 

be inferred from the facts that five years had elapsed 

since the conclusion of the war, that for two years there had 

been no application for relief, that in 1817 the Society had given 

to a .society for the relief of strangers, and that the little 

balance on hand of $48.25 was given to the same Society, not 

leaving one penny for future relief. 

In their ignorance as to the affairs of the Society, and on 
the condition that interest on the $20,000 was to be paid to 



THE MYSTERY OF THE MEDALS. 133 

the Treasurer of the Society, if he should ask for it, the London 
Committee acquiesced in the proposal.* 

To return to the medals, Messrs. Allan and Wood at once, 
"without delay, engaged the services of a well-known blacksmith, 
Paul Bishop, and his two apprentices, in order to deface the 
medals. Bishop has told me, and one of his assistants, Hamilton, 
has corroborated Bishop's statement, that he set up an anvil in 
the garden at the back of Mr. Wood's house, that the medals 
were brought in successive trayfuls, and were, one by one, 
smashed on the anvil with a large hammer, the face of which had 
been roughened for the purpose; the rings and chipped edges 
flying off among the vegetables. 

The mangled medals were sold to two watchmakers of the 
city, and realized after deducting expenses, which included 
$5 to P. Bishop and two assistants $1,575. There were 61 
gold medals which were taken from the box in the vault, 500 
silver from the box in the vault, and 48 from the box in Mr. 
Allan's possession. It will be noted that the amount appro- 
priated for the medals was $5,500,f and that all the medals that 
were brought to light realized only $1,575. 

This balance is so large that it is impossible that it was expend- 
ed in the manufacture and transport, and it is impossible to avoid 
the conclusion that there must have been manv other medals 
than those contained in the two boxes. What became of them 
is a mystery. 

As to the non-distribution, two reasons were given. Mr. Allan 
told the Committee of the House, " I perfectly recollect the cause 
assigned formerly for these medals not having been distributed 
soon after they came to hand, which must have been in 1818. I 
think it was found too late, as no previous means had been taken 
to ascertain who were the persons most entitled to receive them, 
and the difficultv that appeared to occur in making a distribution 
without causing jealousy and discontent, were, as 1 far as I know, 
the reason whv it was not done." 

Unfortunately, the facts are not in accordance with Mr. 
Allan's "perfect recollection." 

The records show that as early as 1813 "medals were received, 
but did not correspond with the design of the device." 

In the report of a meeting of the Society held- May 1st, 1815, 
it is stated that $33,328, with growing interest, was at the dis- 
posal of the Society. The report of the Committee on the 

*Explanation, p. 24. 

f The published accounts of the Loyal and Patriotic Society of Upper 
Canada, Sept. 1st, 1815, show that while 1,000 was appropriated, only 
750 was expended. An earlier appropriation of 100 was expended 
(apparently) in dies, etc. ED. 




134 UNIVERSITY OF TORONTO MONTHLY 

return of persons supposed to be entitled to marks of distinction 
from the Society was read, and adopted unanimously, " Resolved, 
that the medals received from Lieutenant-Governor Gore be 
reserved for non-commissioned officers, and to order 500 of an 
inferior size for privates, 50 old medals, for the present, for 
general and field officers, of the value of three guineas each, and 
twelve large medals of the value of five guineas each, and to 
cover the expense of all, $5,000 were appropriated." 

Dr. Strachan in his evidence, assigned as a reason for the non- 
distribution that "it was next to impossible for the directors to 
decide upon the number who should obtain medals, when the per- 
sons so returned and supposed worthy far exceeded the means 
of thus awarding distinctions to the meritorious." How can 
this be reconciled with the following facts ? 

On May 1st, the Society had on hand no less a sum than 
$33,328 and a quantity of medals. The lists were made out 
and approved, and more medals were ordered, as related already. 

In 1817, it had money enough to give $848.25 to a society for 
the relief of strangers. In 1819, it received $20,000 more, and 
yet the Society had not enough means to reward the poor militia- 
men, and to redeem its pledge. Will any one doubt that if the 
London subscribers had known that not a single militia-man had 
received a medal, they would have said, "Reward the militia 
with the promised medals, and if anything is over you. may give 
that to the Hospital?" 

Not enough means! Why if the $848.25 given to charity 
had been added to the $5,500 already appropriated, there would 
have been money enough to give every one of the militia* of the 
Province engaged in the war a silver medal of the same value as 
those defaced, and 90 officers a gold medal of the value of three 
guineas each, and still leave a balance for manufacture and 
transport. 

The author of "explanations," in his anxiety to find reasons, 
hits upon another one, which had never suggested itself from 
1812 to 1840: 'It belongs to the Sovereign to confer that mark 
of honour for military services," and yet we find H. R. H. the 
Duke of Kent patronizing a society whose object, as stated in 
the constitution, was to do that very thing. 

Only one reason can be found for defacing. The "explana- 
tion" says, "that alone could ensure their not falling into un- 

* According to Coffin there were only 1800 militia-men in the Province 
then. 



THE MYSTERY OF THE MEDALS, 135 

worthy hands." Would this result not have been secured if 
Messrs. Sewell and Stennett, who bought them, had given guar- 
antees, or even bonds, that they would not allow them to go out 
of their hands in their original condition? To my mind, the 
reason for defacing " without delay " arose from the fear that if 
they were not defaced and rendered useless, there was a possi- 
bility that the poor militia-men might after all get them, and 
the Hospital be so much the loser. The Hospital was a most 
worthy object of support, but it was a grievous wrong to appro- 
priate the funds which were subscribed for an entirely different 
purpose, and so defraud the gallant militia-men of their well- 
earned " marks of public approbation and distinction." 



ANNOUNCEMENT. 

Alumni of the University of Toronto, who are not already sub- 
scribers to the UNIVERSITY OF TORONTO MONTHLY or who have not paid 
their annual fee to the Alumni Association, should send one dollar to 
the Secretary at once. This will insure the receipt of all publications 
issued by the Association during the present year. The presence of the 
word " Paid " in red ink on the wrapper of this issue shows that the 
receiver's fee for the current year has been paid. 

UNIVERSITY OF TORONTO MONTHLY is published during the college year 
in nine monthly issues. The subscription price is ONE DOLLAR per year, 
single copies' FIFTEEN CENTS. AH subscriptions are credited, October- 
June. 

All communications should be addressed to the Secretary of the 
University of Toronto Alumni Association, Dean's House, University 
of Toronto. 



136 



UNIVERSITY OF TORONTO MONTHLY 



TORONTONENSIA 



UNIVERSITY OF TORONTO 
MONTHLY. 

ADDBESS ALL COMMUNICATIONS FOB 
PUBLICATION TO THE SECBETABY, UNI- 
VEBSITY OF TOBONTO. 

Pullished monthly, October June. 
Subscription $1.00 a year, single copies 

15 cts. 

All subscriptions are credited, October- 
June. 

EDITOBIAL BOABD. 

I. H. CAMEBON, M.B., Chairman. 

J. C. MCLENNAN, Ph.D., Secretary. 

J. FLETCHEB, M.A., LL.D.; A. R. 
BAIN, M.A., LL.D.; A. B. MACALLUM, 
M.B., Ph. D.; J. A. COOPEB, B.A., 
LL.B.; L. E. EMBBEE, M.A.; HON. S. C. 
BIGGS, B.A.; T. A. RUSSELL, B.A.; GEO. 
WILKIE, B.A.; S. J. ROBEBTSON, B.A., 
Managing Editor. 

THE UNIVEBSITY OF TOBONTO ALUMNI 

ASSOCIATION: LOCAL OBGANIZATIONS 
DIBECTOBY. 

GENEBAL ASSOCIATION. President, 
DB. R. A. REEVE, Toronto. Secretary, 
J. C. MCLENNAN, Ph. D., Dean's House, 
University of Toronto. 

ALGOMA, DISTBICT OF. President, 
REV. J. ALLAN, B.A., Sault Ste. Marie, 
Ont.; Secretary-Treasurer, LESLIE A. 
GBEEN, B.A., Sault Ste. Marie, Ont. 

BABBIE. President, DONALD Ross, 
B.A., LL.B., Secretary-Treasurer, A. F. 
HUNTEB, M.A. 

BBANT COUNTY. President, A. J. 
WILKES, LL.B. K.C., Secretary, M. J. 
KEANE, M.B. 

BBITISH COLUMBIA. President, REV. 
R. WHITTINGTON, M.A., B.Sc., Vancou- 
ver, B.C. Secretary-Treasurer, ALFBED 
HALL, B.A., LL.B., B.C.L., Vancouver. 

ELGIN COUNTY, ONT. President, D. 
MCLABTY, M.D., St. Thomas. Secretary, 
S. SILCOX, B.A., B. Paed., St. Thomas. 

OBEY AND BBUCE. President, A. G. 
McKAY, B.A., Owen Sound, Ont. 
Secretary, W. D. FEBBIS, M.B., Shallow 
Lake, Ont. 

HASTINGS COUNTY. President, LT.- 
COL. W. N. PONTON, M.A., Belleville. 
Secretary, J. T. LUTON, B.A., Belleville. 



HUBON COUNTY. President, WM. 
GUNN, M.D, Clinton, Ont. Secretary- 
Treasurer, CHAS. GABBOW, B.A., LL.B., 
Goderich, Ont. 

KENT COUNTY President, D. S. 
PATEBSON, B.A., Chatham, Ont. Sec- 
retary, Miss GBACE MCDONALD, B.A., 
Chatham, Ont. 

LENNOX AND ADDINGTON COUNTIES. 
President, H. M. DEBOCHE, B.A., K.C., 
Napanee. Secretary-Treasurer, U. J. 
FLACK, M.A., Napanee. 

LINCOLN COUNTY. President, JOHN 
HENDEBSON, M.A., St. Catharines. 
Secretary-Treasurer, G. B. BUBSON, 
B.A., St. Catharines. 

MIDDLESEX COUNTY. President, TAL- 
BOT MACBETH, B.A., K.C., London. 
Secretary-Treasurer, F. E. PEBBIN, B.A., 
London. 

OTTAWA. President, E. R. CAMEBON, 
M.A., Ottawa. Secretary-Treasurer, H. 
A.BUBBBIDGE, B.A., Ottawa. 

PEBTH COUNTY, ONT. President, C. J. 
McGBEGOB, M.A., Stratford, Ont. 
Secretary-Treasurer, C. A. MAYBEBBY, 
B.A., LL.B., Stratford, Ont. 

PETEBBOBOUGH COUNTY. President, 
E. B. EDWABDS, B.A., LL.B., K.C., 
Peterborough. Secretary-Treasurer, D. 
WALKEB, B.A., Peterborough. 

PBINCE EDWABD COUNTY. President, 
M. CUEBIE, B.A., M.B., Picton. Secre- 
tary-Treasurer, A. W. HENDBICK, B.A., 
Picton. 

VICTOBIA COUNTY. President, J. C. 
HABSTONE, B.A., Lindsay, Ont. Secre- 
tary-Treasurer, Miss E. G. FLAVELLE, 
B.A., Lindsay, Ont. 

WATEBLOO COUNTY. President, His 
HONOUB JUDGE CHISHOLM, Berlin, Ont. 
Secretary-Treasurer, REV. W. A. BBAD- 
LEY, B.A., Berlin, Ont. 

WELLINGTON COUNTY, ONT. Presi- 
dent, WM. TYTLEB, B.A., Guelph, Ont. 
Secretary-Treasurer, R. L. McKiNNON, 
B.A., LL.B., Guelph, Ont. 

WENTWOBTH COUNTY GBADUATES' 
ASSOCIATION. President, J. CHISHOLM, 
B.A., Hamilton, Ont. Secretary- 
Treasurer, J. T. CBAWFOBD, B.A., Ham- 
ilton, Ont. 

Campus, and Corridor. 
The bust of the 1 Hon. George Brown, 
presented to the University last sum- 
mer by the Dean of the Medical 



TORONTONENSIA 



137 






Faculty, has been placed in position on 
the north wall of the upper hallway 
in the library. 

The annual at-home of the students 
and Council of Wycliffe College was 
held January 24th, when some three 
hundred guests were entertained. 

The Class of '95 has organized a de- 
hating society. The inaugural meet- 
ing was held recently in the Students' 
Union, when the Honorary President, 
Professor Alexander, addressed the so- 
ciety on " The Preparation of a 
Speech." Principal Hutton spoke on 
" Don'ts in public speaking." 

The Dance given by the Engineer- 
ing Corps in the Gymnasium building 
on the 7th, though rather sparsely at- 
tended, was socially a very enjoyable 
entertainment. 

The Women's Literary Society of 
Victoria College held an oratorical 
contest on Jan. 27th. The prize', $15.00, 
was won by Miss E. A. McLean; the 
judges were John Millar, M.A., Pro- 
fessor Alexander of University College 
and Professor McLay of MacMaster 
University. 

The Natural Science Association 
gave a dinner recently in the Univer- 
sity Dining Hall, in honor of those' 
who have lectured before the Asso- 
ciation this year. The guests were: 
Professor Harrison of the Ontario 
Agricultural College; C. C. James, 
M.A., Deputy (Minister of Agriculture; 
Dr. Primrose, and F. J. Smale, Ph.D. 
Professor Lang, the President of the 
Association, was in the chair, and 
among the speakers ' Were: Profes- 
sors Coleman, Macallum, Walker and 
Lash Miller, and Dr. Jeffrey and Dr. 
Parks. 



The Conversazione. 

The Annual Conversazione of the 
University College Literary and Scien- 
tific Society took place on the bin 
inst., and while the attendance was 
not so great as in former years, those 
who were present found that a pro- 
gramme of unusual interest had been 
prepared. The earlier part of the 
evening was taken up by a series of 
lectures and exhibitions by the var- 
ious departments of the University, 
and this was followed by dancing in 
the East and West Halls. The pro- 
gramme was: 

Department of Physics Exhibit, at 
8.30 p.m.: (A) In Electrical Labora- 



toryI. X Rays; 2. Wireless Tele- 
graphy; 3. Displays in Electric Pheno- 
mena. Exhibitor, J. C. McLennan, 
Ph.D., assisted by Messrs. W. R. Carr, 
B.A., R. J. Hamilton, and E. Simpson. 
(B) In Room 161. General Illustra- 
tions of Wave Motion; 2. Sound 
Waves beating forks, etc.; 3. Light 
Waves reflection, refraction, etc. ; 
4. Polarization of light by various 
means; 5. Colour effects produced by 
polarized light passing through 
quartz, mica and other crystals. "Ex- 
hibitor, Mr. G. R. An'derson, M.A. 

Department of Chemistry Exhibit. 
1. The Manufacture and Blowing of 
Glass, with practical demonstrations 
and lantern illustrations. By F. D. 
KenrTck, Ph.D., at 9 o'clock: 2. Ex- 
hibition of, and Experiments with 
Liquid Carbon Dioxide. 3. Miscellan- 
eous Chemical Exhibits, such as: 
Rare Chemical Crystals. Products of 
Distillation of Shales. 4. British 
Chemical Products. 

The Natural Science Association Ex- 
hibit. Botany. 1. Students'. Collections 
of Mushrooms and Dried Plants. 2. 
Specimens of Woods of the various 
Forest Trees, and their structure as 
seen by the Microscope. Zoology. 1. 
Animal and Plant Life under the Mic- 
roscope. 2. The Microtome, and its 
uses in preparing thin slices of tis- 
sues. 3. Demonstrations of method of 
studying the development of the 
Chicle. 4. Method of preparing en- 
larged wax models of microscopic ani- 
mals. 5. Specimens from University 
(Museum. Geology. 1. Thin sections 
of rocks seen by the Polariscope 
Physiology. 1. Sphymograph arid Re- 
spirometer. 

Illustrated Lectures and Lantern 
Views at 8.30 p.m. 1. Church Archi- 
tecture in Northern France. (Room 
4, East Wing). Professor Squair. 2. 
Ancient Greek Sculpture. (Room 16, 
West Wing). Mr. A. Carruthers, M.A. 
3. Ancient Babylonia and Assyria. 
(Room 6, East Wing) . Mr. R. G. Muri- 
son, M.A. 4. Colour in Monochrome, 
and Photography in Natural Colours. 
(Room 3, East Wing). Mr. J. S. Plas- 
kett, B.A. 5. The English Pre- 
Raphaelite Painters. (Room_2, Main 
Corridor). Mr. J. H. Cameron, M.A. 

Department of Psychology Exhibit. 
West Wing, up stairs.' 1. Experiments 
to show stereoscopic vision through 
the application of the complementary 



138 



UNIVERSITY OF TORONTO MONTHLY 



relation of odours. 2. Geometric Opti- 
cal Illusions. Exhibitor, jMr. A. H. 
Abbott, B.A. 

Oriental Department Exhibit. Room 
6, East Wing. 1. Copy of Babylonian 
Deluge Tablet. 2. Series of Plates of 
Ancient Monuments. 3. Series of 
Plates of Ancient Inscriptions. 4. 
Facsimiles of Ancient Manuscripts. 
5. Polyglot and Polychrome Bittles. 6. 
Copies of the Koran. 

The Committee whose efforts re- 
sulted in this interesting programme 
were: President, W. P. Thompson, 
B.A., M.D.; Treasurer. R. J. Younge; 
Secretary, H. T. Wallace. Programme: 
R. W. Woodroofe. Printing: G. S. 
Hodgson. Refreshments, F. H. Honey- 
well. Reception: T. N. Phelan. De- 
coration, F. A. McDiarmid. Invita- 
tion. W. A. Craik. 



Class of '92. 

At a meeting of the Executive Com- 
mittee of the Class of '92, held in the 
Dean's House, University of Toronto, 
February 17th, it was decided to carry 
out the intention expressed by the 
class at graduation, of holding a re- 
union in 1902. The gathering will take 1 
place on or about Convocation Day, 
and will give the members of the class 
an opportunity not only of meeting 
each other and renewing old memories 
and friendships 1 , but of taking part in 
the various functions which have be- 
come recognized as forming part of the 
Convocation proceedings. The mem- 
bers of the class are urged to com- 
municate to the Secretary, as soon as 
possible, their intention to be present 
at the re-union. 
(Signed) G. F. HULL, 

President. 
Dartmouth College, 

Hanover, N. H., U.S.A. 
W. O. MCTAGGART, 

Secretary. 
25 King St. W., Toronto. 

Harmonic Club Tour. 

The tour of the Harmonic Club be- 
gan under circumstances which were 
not the most auspicious. On account 
of the snow storm of January 22nd, 
the Club did not arrive at the Peter- 
boro' Opera House until 10 o'clock. 
The audience, however, had been con- 
siderate enough to await the arrival of 



the Club, and the concert was given. 
Although the members of the Club 
had but a few hours in Peterboro' they 
were able to make the acquaintance 
of Mr. R. F. McWilliams, B.A., and 
Mr. E. B. Edwards, M.A., LL.B., who 
both tendered any kindness which 
they were able to show, in the most 
hearty way. At Lindsay the Club was 
well received by the Alumni and the 
townspeople. Messrs. E. A. Hardy, 
B.A., J. C. Harstone, B.A., and W. H. 
Stevens, B.A. (of McGill), all of the 
Collegiate Institute staff, were exceed- 
ingly kind in their attentions. The 
best homes of Lindsay had been 
opened to the members of the Club 
and ample arrangements made for 
entertaining them. The home of Dr. 
and (Mrs. Allan was thrown open to 
the Club after the concert, and a re- 
ception and dance held. At Ottawa 
the heartiness of the_citizens who at- 
tended the concert and especially the 
members of the University of Toronto 
Club, which is so well known, left 
nothing to be desired. The Bank 
Street Church Young People's Asso- 
ciation under the presidency of Mr. W. 
H. T. Megill, B.A., had provided bil- 
lets for the entire Club, and everyone 
was delighted with the hospitality 
shown. After the concert many of 
the Alumni remained to welcome the 
men individually, and these, with the 
others, devoted Saturday afternoon to 
the entertainment of the Club. Messrs. 
E. R. Cameron, M.A., President of the 
Alumni Association there; Dr. Klotz, 
W. H. T. Megill, A. J. Fisher, P. A. 
Carson and others accompanied the 
Club on the street car ride which the 
Association had provided, and were 
indefatigable 1 in pointing out the 
"sights" of the Capital City. The 
Chaudiere Falls, the city of Hull, Sir 
Wilfrid Laurier's 1 residence, were 
visited, and sufficient time taken at 
each to satisfy the ardour of the men. 
While Sir Wilfrid was being serenaded 
in true University style our recent 
Vice-Chancellor, Hon. William Mulock, 
M.A., happened to pass, and was at 
once recognized, receiving also a 
hearty ovation. The Association had 
reserved the treat of the day for the 
last, and everybody was delighted 
with* the kindness of the reception 
at Rideau Hall. The Governor-Gen- 
eral and Lady Minto had through the 
Alumni Association graciously inviteft 



TOKONTONENSIA 



139 



the Club to a skating and toboggan 
party, which they were giving that 
afternoon. 

When the members of the Club 
reached the station at 11 o'clock on 
Saturday night to take the train for 
Toronto, they were surprised and 
pleased to find half a dozen of 
the Alumni there to say " Good-bye.' 
It was pleasant to meet them again, 
and to receive a word of apprecia- 
tion from Alumni who had been close- 
ly identified with the Glee Club in 
their undergraduate days. Mr. J. T. 
Blythe, B.A., well known in Glee Club 
circles in its most prosperous days 
in '93, '94, was particularly encour- 
aging in his advice and commend- 
ation. 

Recent Alumni Publications. 

Jas. Algie, M.D., Alton, Ont. (Wal- 
lace Lloyd), " Houses of Glass." To- 
ronto. The W. J. Gage 1 Co., Limited. 

" Bergen Worth," Langton & 

Hall. Toronto, 1901. 

H. R. Fairclough, M.A., Ph.D., 
Leland Stanford University, Califor- 
nia, " The Connection between Music 
and Poetry in Greek Literature," in 
" Proceedings of the American Philo- 
logical Association," vol. xxxi. (1900). 
" On Theocritus and Homer," 
in " The Classical Review," London, 
Nov., 1900. 

" P. Terenti Afri Andria," 
with introduction, notes and critical 
appendix. Boston, Allyn & Bacon, 
1901, pp. Ixxxi., 186. 

- " At Home in the High Ser- 
ras," (illustrated) in " The Overland 
Monthly," December, 1901, 

B. D. Harison, M.D. Sault Ste. Marie, 
Mich., " Medical Registration in Michi- 
gan," in " The Medical Age," Nov. 
19th, 1901. 

J. H. McDonald, B.A., Ph.D., "On 
the System of a Binary Cubic and 
Quadratic and the Reduction of I*y- 
perelliptic Integrals' by a Transforma- 
tion of the Fourth OrHf-r." in the 
" Transactions of the American Mathe- 
matical Society," Vol. 2, No. 4, Oct., 
1901. 



The Wellington County Alumni. 

The annual dinner of the Welling- 
ton County Alumni Association was 
held in Guelph, January 24th. About 
one hundred graduates representing 



the faculties of Arts, Law, Medicine, 
Dentistry, Agriculture, Music and 
Pharmacy were present, as also a 
number of gentlemen prominent in 
the mercantile and financial life of 
the city. The Chancellor, Sir William 
Meredith, and Principal Hutton of 
University College, were also guests of 
the Association. Professor J. B. Rey- 
nolds took the chair in the absence of 
the President, Wm. Tytler, B.A., and 
proposed the toast of the " King." 
The " Provincial Legislature " was 
proposed by Mr. H. Guthrie, M.P., of 
Guelph, who referred to the need of 
the University for further aid, which 
must come from the Legislature. In 
^responding, Mr. H. J. Pettypiece, 
"M.L.A., said there was 1 no doubt about 
the liberality of the Legislature to 
Agriculture or to Public Schools. Last 
year $25,000 had been given to the 
University. The reason that more 
liberality was not shewn was, it was 
said, that there was a feeling in the 
country against government provi- 
sion for professional education, but 
he thought higher education along 
technical lines must be provided for. 
The sum of $150,000 should be given 
yearly to technical education. By giv- 
ing that education they could help ta 
raise the social standard of the artisan 
as that of the farmer had b'een raised 
by training in Agriculture. 

Sir Wm. Meredith, on rising to re- 
ply to the toast " Alma Mater," was 
received with cheers. It was the 
first opportunity, he said, since his 
re-election as Chancellor, of meeting 
any body of graduates of the Univer- 
sity of Toronto, and he availed himself 
of the opportunity to return to thii 
Alumni his thanks for his re-election. 
He felt that he had been honoured be- 
yond his deserts on previous occasions, 
but no honour had ever been con- 
ferred upon him that he appreciated 
more highly than his unanimous re- 
election to the Chancellorship of the 
University of Toronto. He also desired 
to return thanks to the Alumni Asso- 
ciations for the great assistance they 
had rendered in a time of trial in 
securing assistance from the Govern- 
ment in support of the University. 
About a year ago the University was 
confronted with a most serious diffi- 
culty. A large deficit had to be faced, 
and if it had not been for the efforts of 
the Alumni Associations throughout 



140 



UNIVERSITY OF TORONTO MONTHLY 



the country, in arousing public senti- 
ment and urging on the Government 
the needs of the University, the 
measure of last session affording it 
aid might not have been passed. 

Mr. Guthrie and |Mr. Pettypiece had 
referred to a difference of opinion 
among the people with regard to how 
far the Government should go in aid- 
ing higher education. It seemed to 
him there 'could be no question that 
it was the absolute duty of the state 
to provide for the efficiency of the 
University of Toronto, which was the 
foundation stone of our educational 
system. He denied that it was the 
school of the classes; it was preemin- 
ently the school of the middle class 
and of the humble. Look over the 
roll of the University, and see the 
names of the men who but for the 
course being practically free 1 to them, 
could not have taken the high posi- 
tions they now fill in the country. He 
should feel ashamed of the premier 
Province of Ontario were she not 
ready to take her part with the other 
nations of the world in promoting 
the advancement of science and learn- 
ing in all directions. 

The Chancellor did not believe that 
the people were not ready to support 
the University, and he thought if the 
Legislature and Government last ses- 
sion had known and had recognized 
the feeling of the people, they would 
have given more liberally than they 
gave on that occasion. What did 
it all amount to out of the great re- 
sources of this Province? But a pal- 
try $30,000 or $40,000 annually devoted 
to higher education. Half a century 
ago the men who came to this coun- 
try when it was a wilderness saw 
the case better and half a million 
acres were set apart for the endow- 
ment of the University owing to 
their exertions. They rose to the 
occasion in those days. Should 
their successors, with the widespread 
weafth of this country, be unworthy 
of them and decline to do what was 
necessary in the cause of higher edu- 
cation? He advised the Alumni to 
take the people into their confidence, 
show them the needs of the Univer- 
sity, and he ventured to say they 
would be found ready to respond lib- 
erally. 

Was not the University of Toronto 
doing its duty? He ventured to 'say 



the resources were carefully^ hus- 
banded; that there was no unneces- 
sary expenditure in carrying on its 
affairs. The teaching staff as a whole 
was an excellent one, and the best 
test they could apply in determining 
this was found in the class of men it 
was turning out. Look over the names 
of the great men in this country and 
in other countries who have gone out 
into the world, having received in- 
struction at tEe University of Toronto. 
He thought they might confidently go 
to the people and say, " You have no 
reason to be ashamed of the product 
of our , work." 

Universities were undergoing a 
change. They could no longer con- 
fine the course to the teaching of 
languages and a few other subjects, 
as was the case 40 or 50 years ago. 
If we were to keep abreast of the 
times in the Province of Ontario we 
must do our part in giving a scien- 
tific education to our sons. He had 
heard it asked, what was the neces- 
sity of providing for research work 
were there not universities in the Uni- 
ted States and other places where our 
young men could receive scientific in- 
struction? Surely the men who asked 
such a question must be in a minority. 
He did not think there were many in 
this Province who would say our sons 
should go to a foreign country for 
their education. Look at it from a 
dollars and cents standpoint, and 
would it pay to send 'the brightest 
intellects of Ontario to other coun- 
tries to live? What better advertise- 
ment could this Province have than 
in educating them at home? 

The speaker- asked what are we 
doing in the way of meeting this 
want? They had established a Medi- 
cal Faculty second to none on th'e 
continent The Medical Faculty was 
anxious for the erection of a new 
building on the University grounds 
and was willing to pay a reasonable 
rental for it. The Medical Faculty did 
not draw one dollar out of the public 
purse or from the endowment toward 
its maintenance. He hoped when the 
new Science Building was erected, to 
fee a new Department of Mineralosrv. 
He hoped Mr. Pettypiece would be able 
to induce the Legislature to erect such 
a building as would be a credit to the, 
Province. Another thing they had 
complained of was that they had no 



TOKONTONENSIA 



141 



room in which to hold convocation, 
but had to borrow one in the upper 
part of the gymnasium. This was 
not creditable to the Province, and 
he hoped a generous response would 
be made to the appeal to supply this 
need. He thougni the Government 
had made a mistake last year, wnen 
they had a unanimous House, thai 
they did not trust the people, and 
go the whole length of wnat was 
needed to remove the question of 
finances from public discussion for 
many years to come. Without dis- 
paraging the work of any sisier in- 
stitution, and fully recognizing that 
Queen's and other universities were 
doing a great work in the cause of 
education, he at the same time held 
that it ought to be a fundamental 
principle that no institution outside 01 
the Provincial university should be 
entitled to knock at the door of the 
State and demand assistance until all 
the needs of the Provincial institu- 
tion should have been supplied. 

The speaker next referred to the 
good work which had been accom- 
plished during the past ten or twelve 
years in uniting different institutions 
in federation with the University of 
Toronto. He hoped they would yet 
have Trinity, and, if Professor Dale 
would pardon him, also McMaster, that 
sturdy defender of the principle of no 
State aid for denominational colleges. 
While he was in favour of federation, 
he yet felt it to be his duty to point 
cut that it placed an additional finan- 
cial burden on the University. What 
he asked was that the members of the 
Association would continue to press 
upon public attention the needs of 
the University; would continue to edu- 
cate the people as to the duty of 
the State toward it; and. If this were 
thoroughly done, such a case could be 
made to the Government as to lead 
it to provide all that was reasonably 
needed. He rather discredited the 
idea of moneyed men withholding gifts 
because it was a State institution. Be- 
cause it was "a State institution was 
just the reason why they should give 
to it. The position of the University 
was yet critical. But for an unex- 
pected payment received on account of 
some land there' would have been a 
very considerable deficit on this year's 
operations. There was absolute need 
that the Government should add to 



the sum which was granted last ses- 
sion. 

In conclusion, he referred with plea- 
sure to the fact that they had present 
at the banquet the' first graduate who 
passed through the University of To- 
ronto after the old order of things 
had been done away with at the time 
of the abolition of King's College- 
Mr. C. J. McGregor, M.A., son of the 
late Rev. Dr. McGregor, at one time 
Principal of the old Elora grammar 
school. 

Principal Hutton also responded to 
the toast of " Alma [Mater." " The 
Graduates of the Various Faculties '" 
was proposed by Mr. A. M. Fisher. 
Dr. McKinnon responded on behalf ot 
the Medical Faculty. Rev. R. J. M. 
Glassford and Mr. W. E. Buckingham, 
B.A., LL.B., who were to respond for 
Theology and Law, were not able to 
be present. Mr. Jos. Coghlan, D.D.S., 
responded for Dentistry, and Mr. M. 
Gumming, O.A.C. responded for Agri- 
culture. Mr. H. W. Peterson, K.C., 
proposed the toast to the teaching 
profession, which was responded to 
by Mr. Hill. " Sister Organizations " 
was proposed by H. E. Wilson, B.A., 
and was responded to by Mr. J. H. 
Coyne, B.A., on behalf of the. Elgin 
County Association; Professor Dale 
on behalf of the Perth County Asso- 
ciation; jMr. W. C. Chisholm, B.A., on 
behalf of the Wentworth County Asso- 
ciation; Mr. J. M. McEvoy, B.A., LL.B., 
on behalf of the Middlesex County 
Association, and J. W. Connor, B.A., 
on behalf of the Waterloo County 
Association. 

The Dinner Committee were: Messrs. 
J. B. Reynolds, B.A., J. R. Dryden, 
M.D., D. Foster, L.D.S., H. E. Wilson, 
B.A., and R. L. McKinnon, B.A., LL.B. 

NEWS FROM THE CLASSES. 
The personal news is compiled from information 
furnished by the Secretary of the University of Toronto 
Alumni Association, and by the Secretaries of local 
organizations, and from other reliable sources. The 
value of this department might be greatly enhanced 
if University of Toronto men everywhere would con- 
tribute to it. The correction of any error will be 
gratefully receivtd by the Secretary of the Alumni 
Association 

Graduates in Arts, 1883. 
L. H. Alexander, M.A., is a teacher 

in Ottawa. R. Balmer, B.A., is a 

manufacturer in London, Eng. F. 

Boultbee, B.A., is a lawyer in New 

York, U.S.A. E. J. Bristol, B.A., Is 

a barrister in Toronto. J. H. Burn- 
ham, B.A., is a barrister in Peterbor- 



1-42 



UNIVERSITY OF TORONTO MONTHLY 



ough, Ont. A. B. Cameron, B.A., is 

a barrister in Toronto. D. O. Cam- 
eron, B.A., is a barrister in Oakville, 

Ont. A. U. Campbell, B.A., is a 

Presbyterian clergyman in Uxbridge, 

Ont. A. H. Campbell, B.A., is prjssi- 

dent of the Canada Loan & Investment 

Co., Toronto. J. L. Campbell, B.A., 

is a Baptist clergyman in New York, 

U.S.A. J. L. Campbell, B.A., Is a 

Presbyterian clergyman in Chicoutimi, 

4ue. J. S. Campbell, B.A., is a bar- 

rister in St. Catharines. H. T. Can- 

niff, B.A., is a barrister in Toronto. 
W. H. Cline, B.A., is a Baptist 

clergyman in Owen Sound, Ont. \V. 

S. Cody, B.A., is a teacher in Windsor, 
Ont. MX L. Crassweller, B.A., is a 

teacher in Essex, Ont. A. D. Crea- 

sor, B.A., is a barrister in Owen Sound, 
Ont. A. Crichton, B.A., is a physi- 
cian in Castleton, Ont. J. A. David- 
son, B.A., is a barrister in Stratford, 

Ont. A. DeGuerre, B.A., is a teacher 

in Gait, Ont. A. McN. Denovan, 

B.A., is a barrister in Toronto. H. 

H. Dewart, B.A., is County Crown At- 
torney in Toronto. R. C. Donald, 

B.A., is a barrister in Toronto. H. 

R. Fairclough, M.A., is a professor in 
" Le~iand Stanford University," Cali- 
fornia, U.S.A. W. Farquharson, B. 

A., is a Presbyterian clergyman in 

Durham, Ont. J. T. Fotheringham, 

B.A., M.B., is a physician in Toronto. 
A. Fraser, B.A., is a barrister at 

Niagara Falls, Ont- C. W. G"ordon, 

B.A., is a Presbyterian clergyman in 

Winnipeg, Man. D. G. Gordon, B.A., 

Is a physician in Toronto, Ont. D. 

M. Grant, B.A., is a teacher in Sarnia, 

Ont. A. E. K. Greer, B.A., is a 

barrfster in Toronto, Ont. E. W. 

Hagarty, B.A., is a teacher in 

Toronto. A. M. Haig, B.A., is a 

Presbyterian clergyman in Smith- 

ville, Ont. A. B. Hudson, B.A., is 

in the 1 Auditor General's Office, Ot- 
tawa, Ont. N. C. James, B.A., is a 

professor in the Western University, 

London, Ont. W. W. Jardine, B.A., 

is a teacher in Omemee, Ont. A. S. 

Johnson. B.A., is editor of " Current 

History," in Boston, Mass. G. H. 

Kilmer, B.A., is a barrister in Toronto. 

H. H. Langton, B.A., is librarian 

of the University of Toronto, Toronto. 

A. C. Lawson, M.A., is associate 

professor in Mineralogy, in the Uni- 
versity of California, Berkeley, Cal. 
L. Lee, B.A., is a barrister in Ham- 
ilton, Ont. A. F. Lobb, B.A., is a 



barrister in Toronto. T. S. McCall, 

M.A., is a clergyman and president of 
the Owensboro' College, Owensboro', 

Ky., U.S.A. D. J. McGillivray, B.A. 

(Ob). E. J. Mclntyre, B.A., is an 

agriculturist, at Niagara-on-the-Lake, 
Ont. A. G. McKay, B.A., is a bar- 
rister in Owen Sound, Ont. J. Mac- 

kay, B.A. (Ob). R. U. McPherson, 

B.A., LL.B., is a barrister in Toronto. 

F. E. O'Flynn, B.A., is a barrister 

in Belleville, Ont. A. E. O'Meara, 

B.A., is a barrister in Toronto. W. 

S. Ormiston, B.A., LL.B., is a barrister 

in Uxbridge, Ont. H. S. Osier, B.A., 

is a barrister in Toronto. H. G. 

Park, B.A., is a teacher in Uxbridge, 

Ont. ^J. W. Reid, B.A., is in the 

Auditor General's office, in Ottawa, 

Ont. G. I. Riddell, B.A., is an agent 

of the Imperial Life Insurance Co., 

Toronto. J. C. Robertson, B.A., is 

a professor in Greek Philosophy in 

Victoria College, Toronto. G. Ross, 

B.A., is a barrister in Toronto. W. 

Scott, B.A., is a physician in Peter- 
boro'. C. P. Smith, B.A., is a bar- 
rister in Toronto. J. Squair, B.A., 

is professor in French in Univer- 
sity College, Toronto. A. Steven- 
son, B.A., is a teacher in Stratford, 
Ont. J. R. Stillwell, B.A., is a Bap- 
tist Missionary in Vuyyuvu, India. 

J. Stoddart, B.A., is a physician in 

Buffalo, N.Y. Rev. R. C. Tibb, B.A., 

is a Presbyterian clergyman in To- 
ronto. J. Watt, B.A., is a manufac- 
turer in Hamilton, Ont. O. Weld, 

B.A., M.B., is a physician in Vancou- 
ver, B.C. G. S. Wilgress, B.A., is a 

barrister in Huntsville, Ont. W. B. 

Willoughby, B.A., LL.B., is a barrister 
in Moose Jaw, N.W.T. A. W. Wright, 

B.A., is a teacher in Gait, Ont. G. 

McK. Wrong, M.A., is Professor of 
History and Ethnology in the Univer- 
sity of Toronto, Toronto. 
The addresses of the following are 

unknown: T. G. Campbell, B.A. 

A. Carswell, B.A. D. Francis, B.A. 

F. N. Raines, M.A. John Ross, 

B.A. D. S. Skinner, B.A. W. Smith, 

B.A. W. E. Thompson, B.A. J. 

J. Walsh, B.A. 



Graduates in Medicine, 1876. 

R. I. Bentley, M.B., is a physician in 

New Westminster, B. C. A. C. 

Bowerman, M.B., is a physician in 

Bloomfield, Ont. J. W. Byam, M.B., 

(Ob.) -E. Jessop, M.B., is a physi- 



TORONTONENS1A 



143 



cian in St. Catharines, Ont. H. G. 

Lackner, M.B., is a physician in 

Berlin, Ont. J. M. Mackie, M.D., 

is a physician in Portage la Prairie, 

Man. G. R. McDonagh, M.D., is a 

physician, 140 Carlton St., Toronto. 

J. McNaughton, M.D., (Ob.) A. 

McPhedran, M.B., is a physician, 151 

Bloor St. W., Toronto. J. W. Smith, 

M.B., is a physician in Dundas, Ont. 

R. S. Tyrrell, M.B., is a physician, 

182 Dovercourt Road, Toronto. W. 

J. Wilson, M.D., is a physician, 159 
College St., Toronto. 

The addresses of the following are 

unknown: J. Clark, M f .D. -A. R. 

Kennedy, M.D. W. R. Knowles, M. 

B. J. Langstaff, M.D. A Sander- 
son, M.B. 

Graduates of the School of Practical 

Science, 1892. 

J. R. Allen, O.L.S., is a surveyor and 
engineer, Renfrew, Ont. T. H. Ali- 
son, B.A.Sc., C.E., is chief engineer 
for Augustes, Smith & Co., 39-41 Cort- 

landt St., New York, N.Y. A. G. 

Anderson is with the Niagara Falls 

Power Co., Niagara Falls, N.Y. 

C. Fairchild, D. and O. L. S., is on the 
surveying staff of the Department of 
the Interior, Ottawa, Ont. J. B. 
Goodwin, B.A.Sc., is assistant engin- 
eer of the Niagara Falls Power Co.. 

Niagara Falls', N.Y. C. E. Langley 

is with Eangley & Langley, Architects, 

Canada Life Bldg., Toronto. A. T. 

Laing, B.A.Sc., is Demonstrator in Sur- 
veying, School of Practical Science, 
Toronto. E. J. Laschinger, B.A.Sc., 
is 1 asst. engineer of the General Water 
System Consolidated Gold Fields of 
South Africa, Johannesburg, Trans- 
vaal, South Africa. W. Lawson, B. 

A.Sc., is Asst. Supt. for the Alameda 

Sugar Co., Alvarado. Cal. W. A. 

Lea, B.A.Sc., is mechanical engineer 
on the Mexico Street Railway, Mexico, 
Mexico. B. McEntee, B.A.Sc., is liv- 
ing at 28 Queen St. East, Toronto. 

C. G. Milne, B.A.Sc., is chief draughts- 
man for the Hamilton Bridge Works, 

Hamilton, Ont. Charles H. Mitchell, 

B.A.Sc., C.E., A.M. Can. Soc. C.E. is a 
hydraulic engineer at Niagara Falls, 
Ont. N. L. Playfair, is superintend- 
ent of the Playfair Lumber Co., Mid- 
land, Ont. J. M. Prentice (Ob.) 

J. A. Ross is chief draughtsman, L. S 

& M. S. Ry., Cleveland, O. Albert 

N. Smith is with the Keystone Bridge 



Co., Pittsburg, Pa. R. W. Thomson, 

B.A.Sc., is a consulting mining en- 
gineer, Johannesburg, Transvaal 

South Africa. A. V. White, M.E., is 

Managing Director of the Spoke and 
Specialty Mfg. Co., 24-30 Great Eastern 
St., London, E.G., England. 



Personals. 

Every alumnus of the University of Toronto is in- 
vited to pend to the Editor items of interest for 
insertion in this department News of a personal 
nature about any alumnus will be gladly received. 

G. W. Dickson, S.P.S. '00, is at the 
Grace Mine, Michipicoten Harbor, Ont. 

S. L. Miller, B.A. '00, is a master in 
Trinity College School, Port Hope, 
Ont. 

W. F. Mayburry, B.A. '94, M.B. '97, 
is a physician at 199 Rideau St., Ot- 
tawa, Ont. 

Miss G. E. M. Miller, B.A. '99, is 
teaching in the 1 public school in Mid- 
land, Ont. 

A. S. H. Pope, S.P.S. '99, is with the 
Canadian General Electric Co., Peter- 
borough, Ont. 

W. C. Good, B.A. '00, is a teacher 
in the Ontario Agricultural College, 
Guelph, Ont. 

Alfred Hall, M.A. '96, LL.B. '96, bar- 
rister, has removed from Vancouver, 
B.C., to Toronto. 

A. J. Mackenzie, B.A. '96, M.B. '00, 
is a resident master in Upper Canada 
College, Toronto. 

J. A. Johnston, S.P.S. '00, is taking 
a post-graduate courses in the School 
of Practical Science. 

Miss A. B. Tucker, B.A. '96, M.A. '01, 
is a teacher in Fiske Hall, Barnard 
College 1 , New York. 

W. H. K. Anderson, B.A. '93, M.B. 
'97, is a physician in the quarantine 
station, Vancouver, B.C. 

Rev. Frederic J. Steen, M.A. '90, has 
been appointed vicar of Christ 
Church Cathedral, Montreal. 

Robert Ironsides Warner, B.A. '77, 
M.A. '83, is principal of the Alma 
Ladies' College, St. Thomas, Ont. 

Miss Alice Rowsom, B.A. '95, is lib- 
rarian and a lecturer in the Ontario 
Agricultural College, Guelph, Ont. 

T. Kennard Thomson, M. Am. Soc. 
C.E., is practising as a consulting en- 
gineer at 13 Park Row, New York. 

R. J. Clark, B.A. '98, has removed 
from the Montreal to the Toronto 
Office of the National Trust Co., 
Limited. 



144 



UNIVERSITY OF TORONTO MONTHLY 



D. Burns, O.L.S., A.M. Can. Soc. C.E., 
is on the staff of the American Bridge 
Co., Keystone Branch, Pittsburgh, Pa. 

J. H. McDonald, B.A. '95, Ph.D. 
(Chicago) is lecturer in Mathematics 
at the University of California, Ber- 
keley, Cal. 

Wilfrid G. Harrison, B.A. '00, fs 
private secretary to the Hon. Jas. H. 
Ross, Governor of the Yukon Terri- 
tory, and is living in Dawson City. 

W. H. Jenkins, M.A. '90, head mas- 
ter of the Owen Sound Collegiate In- 
stitute, has been appointed registrar 
of the Education Department, Toronto. 

Geo. H. Richardson, S.P.S. '88, at 
present resident engineer of the Gran- 
brook Division of the C. P. R., has 
been appointed assistant city engineer 
of Ottawa, Ont 

W. Pakenham, B.A. '92, D. Paed. '00, 
who has been employed for some years 
as registrar of the Education Depart- 
ment, has been appointed principal of 
the Technical School, Toronto. 

S! J. McLean, B.A. '94, LL.B. '95, 
professor of Political Economy at the 
University of Arkansas, has been 
offered and has accepted the position 
of professor of Economics at Leland 
Stanford University, Cal. 

The following have received the de- 
gree of M.B. as a result of the supple- 
mental examinations, in September, 
1901: R. W. Leader, Ohsweken, Ont.; 
C. A. A. Warren, Acton, Ont.; H. A. 
Christie, 270 Westmoreland Ave., To- 
ronto. 

R. H. Coats, B.A. '96, who has re- 
cently been private "secretary to Mr. 
J. S. Willlson, managing editor of the 
" Globe," has been appointed assistant 
to the Deputy Minister of Labour, at 
Ottawa, the position held by the late 
H. A. Harper, B.A. Previous to leav- 
ing Toronto a presentation was made 
to tMr. Coats by Mr. Willison, on be- 
half of the " Globe " staff. 

The recent unveiling of the portrait 
of Archibald MacMurchy, M.A., was 
the occasion of a large gathering of 
former pupils of the Toronto Gram- 
mar School, among whom the alumni 
present were: E. H. Adams, M.D. '90: 
Professor Alfred Baker, M.A. '78; John 
Caven, M.D. '86; C. R. Cuthbertson. 
M.D. '86; L. E. Embree, M.A. '89; A 
Fraser. B.A. '83; R. A. Gray. B.A. '84; 
A. T. Hunter, LL.B. '90, R. McKay 
B.A. '88, LL.B. '89; A. Mc>Murchy. B.A 
'82; G. S. Macdonald, B.A. '82; W. 



jMichell, B.A. '90; F. J. Roche, M.A. 
'87; H. B. Spotton, M.A. '65. 

The following have received the de- 
gree of B.A. as a result of the supple- 
mental examinations, in September, 
1901.: Miss C. I. Barr, Normal College, 
Hamilton, Ont., J. B. Coyne, law stu- 
dent, Osgoode Hall, Toronto ; H. L. 
Lazier, law student, Osgoode Hall, To- 
ronto; Miss J. E. Macdonald, 403 Bloor 
St. West, Toronto; A. I. Terryberry, 
Methodist clergyman, Port Rowan, 
Ont; Miss B. B. White, 7 Queen's 
Park, Toronto. January, 1902: W. j. 
Mortimore, Methodist missionary, 
China; W. E. Stafford, Methodist 
clergyman, St. Catharines, Ont.; G. 
A. McPherson, No'rmal College, Ham- 
ilton; B. A. Kinder, Strathroy, Ont; 
R. A. Facey, New Hamburg, Ont. 

Edgar Frisby, B.A. '63, M.A. '64, 
Washington, D.C., was a distinguished 
student of mathematics during his 
undergraduate course. After teach- 
ing for a short time in High Schools 
in Ontario, his exceptional abilities 
as a mathematician obtained him a 
position in the United States Naval 
Observatory at Washington, where he 
soon rose to the rank of professor. 
He is now upon the retired list after 
thirty-five years of service. Professor 
Frisby occupies a high place 1 among 
the mathematicians of the United 
States, and was active in the organiza- 
tion of the Astrophysical and Astro- 
nomical Society in 1898. He also took 
part in the observations on the total 
eclir.ee of the sun in May, 1900, as a 
member of the commission appointed 
by Government for that purpose. 



Marriages. 

Aletfander-Ryckman At Cornwall, 
Ont, Jan. 29th, 1902, Wm. W. Alex- 
ander, M.D., to Miss Emmaline E. 
Ryckman, B.A. '96. 

Codd-Bonis At Christ Church, Van- 
couver, B.C., July 15th, 1901, Miss 
Sara Bonis, B.A. '96, to Robt. L. Codd, 
Port Hammond, B.C. 

Henry-Pickett At Deer Park, Jan. 
29th, 1902, Geo. S. Henry, B.A. '96, 
LL.B. '97, of Lansing, Ont., to Miss 
Anna K. Pickett. 



Deaths. 

Perry On Feb. 2nd, 1902, James 
Roy Perry, B.A. '96, eldest son of Jas. 
B. Perry, at 13 Bedford Road, Toronto. 



THE CAKSWELL COMPANY, LIMITED, PRINTEBS 




From a portrait by J. W. L. FORSTER. 

THE REV- SAMUEL S. NELLES, LL. D., 
Late Chancellor of Victoria University. 



THE 



UNIVERSITY OF TORONTO MONTHLY 



VOL. II. 



MARCH, 1902. 



No. 6. 



TABLE OF CONTENTS. 



PAGE 

Samuel S. Nelles,D. D., By Professor 
Reynar - - - - - 146 

The Relation of the University to In- 
dustrial Development, Bn P. H. 
Bryce, M. A., M. D. - - 150 



Latin 



155 



Translation into Greek and 

verse, By Principal Hittton 
Local Examinations in Music, By Geo. 

Dfckson, B. A. - - - 157 
Domestic Science in the University, 

By Edith M. Curzon, B. A. - 159 



PAGE 
Torontonensia : 

Campus and Corridor - - 165 
Re-union of the Class of '82 - 166 
Brant County Alumni Association 166 
Elgin County Alumni Association 166 
Lectures on the History of Art 168 
Graduates in Arts - - - 168 
Medicine - - 170 
' ' of the School of Practi- 
cal Science - 171 
Personals .... 171 
Deaths - - 172 



EDITORIAL. 

TFlHE Johns Hopkins University, on the 21st and 22nd of last 
month, celebrated the completion of its twenty-fifth year, 
the University having been formally founded on February 
22nd, 1876. The celebration was made the occasion also of 
the inauguration of Professor Remsen as President of the 
University, in succession to Doctor Oilman, who has accepted the 
appointment of Trustee for the Carnegie Institution for America. 
There were present a large number of graduates, visitors, dele- 
gates and representatives of American and Canadian universities, 
upon some of whom honorary degrees were conferred. President 
Loudon was made a Doctor of Laws, honoris causa, this being 
the sixth occasion of such a compliment, as he had previously 
received the same degree from the Universities of Toronto, New 
Brunswick, Princeton, and Olasgow, and Queen'sUniversity. The 
friends of Johns Hopkins are endeavouring to raise $1,000,000 
as an addition to the endowment, and have already secured 
about $700,000. 



146 UNIVERSITY OF TORONTO MONTHLY 

Doctor F. N. C. Starr will contribute a biographical sketch of 
Doctor W. T. Aikins, late Professor of Surgery and Dean of the 
Faculty of Medicine, to the April number of the MONTHLY ; and 
Professor A. B. Macallum, who accompanied President Loudon 
on his recent visit to Baltimore, will contribute an article on the 
relation of Johns Hopkins University to the development of 
research work in American universities. 

Doctor Oldright will contribute a biographical sketch of the 
late Professor Forneri of the Modern Language Department, to 
the May number. 



SAMUEL S, KELLES, D.D. 

BY ALFRED H. REYNAR, M.A., LL.D. 

SAMUEL S. NELLES was born at Mount Pleasant, near 
Brantford, Ont, on the 17th of October, 1823. His par- 
ents were born in the United States, his father, William Nelles, 
in K"ew York, and his mother, MaiJy Hardy, in Pennsylvania; 
both had German 1 blood in their veins. The early settlers, with 
few exceptions, were tillers of the ground. It was so with the 
Nelles family; but they were given to the cultivation of the 
mind as well as of the soil. The whole family had a taste for 
learning and literature, but some of them suspected Samuel 
of a tendency to literary dissipation, for he was often found 
absorbed in reading when they thought he should have been at 
the plough. 

At the age of sixteen the future Chancellor had to go 
abroad for such advantages of schooling as are now within easy 
reach of most Canadian boys. He; went first to the Lewiston 
Academy in the State of New York. At this academy he 
was a pupil of the American poet and humourist, John G. Saxe. 
It is perhaps something more than a coincidence that the pupil 
of such a man should have been marked throughout his life by a 
love of poetry and a faculty for wit and humour. In 1840 
Samuel Nelles went to the! academy at Fredonia, and thence 
later to the Genesee Wesleyan Seminary at Lima, KY. It was 
when aj student at Lima in 1841, that the great moral crisis of 
his life was passed, and his life lifted above the mistrule of way- 
ward and selfish impulse and dedicated to God and duty. 

About this time, 1841, the Upper Canada Academy at Co- 
bourg received university powers and] was named Victoria Col- 
lege. ^ The late Rev. Egerton Ryerson, D.D., was appointed 
Principal of the College, and on the opening of the session of 



SAMUEL S. NELLES, D.D. 147 

1842, S. S. Nelles entered Victoria as one of the first matricu- 
lated students. , After two years study at Cobourg and a year at 
the homestead in Mount Pleasant, he proceeded to the Wesleyan 
University at Middletown, Conn., where) he graduated in 1846. 

The years of preparation were now over and the young gradu- 
ate of twenty-three years of a#e began the work of life. For 
the first year he was Principal of the Academy at Newburg, 
near Napanee, but the nexlj year, 1847, he entered the ministry 
of the Methodist Church. The first year of his pastoral work 
was* spent at Port Hope, the second and third in Toronto. Hav- 
ing passed satisfactorily the three years of probation required, 
he was in 1850 regularly ordained to the office and work of the 
ministry. He was then appointed to a charge in) London, Ont., 
but after three months of pastoral work he was made principal 
of Victoria College and removed to Cobourg. 

The appointment to the principalship of] Victoria College at 
that particular time may indeed be considered a distinguished 
honour, but the honour was like that conferred upon a young 
soldier when he is chosen to lead a forlorn hope. For some five 
or six! years the college had passed from under the able adminis- 
tration of Dr. Ryerson, and it had just come through a time of 
storm and stress that had /left it but little better than a wreck. 
The students and professors were for the most part scattered, 
the financial situation was bad, and the building out of repair. 
But with the coming of the young principal began a new era of 
prosperity. He brought a dauntless courage, 1 , an untiring 
energy, a sleepless watchfulness, and an almost unerring tact 
to the critical charge committed to him. The distress and seem- 
ing helplessness of the situation sometimes brought merriment 
from him instead of moans. One of his early experiences in 
his new position may serve to illustrate the gaiety: of spirits with 
which he struggled with difficulties and overcame! them. Soon 
after he had entered his quarters in the residence, the rain from 
a heavy storm penetrated the leaky roof and began to drip into 
his apartments. He and his young wife spent much 1 of the night 
in trying to protect themselves and their goods from the invad- 
ing storm. The next day, in reply to letters from friends who 
asked how they were getting on, he 1 wrote that they were getting 
on swimmingly. As then, so at other times, the sense! of 
humour oame to his relief when more 1 serious thought would 
only have added to the distress. "A merry heart doeth) good 
like a medicine; but a broken spirit drieth the bones." 

The new president soon gathered about him professors and 
students' in ever increasing numbers. In this paper it may be 



148 UNIVERSITY OF TORONTO MONTHLY 



sufficient to mention some of the important events that mark 
the constant growth of the University of Victoria College under 
the administration of President Nelles. For four years after 
his appointment the work of the college was wholly in the 
Faculty of Arts. In 1854 the Faculty of Medicine was added, 
and in 1860 the! Faculty of Law. In 1871 the Department of 
Theology was started under the able direction of the present 
Chancellor of Victoria: University. About the same time and 
with the powerful aid of the Kev. Wm. Morley Punshon, the 
endowment of the University was undertaken. Dr. Nelles and 
Dr. Punshon set out with the 1 task of raising $100,000, but ere 
they ceased their efforts the subscription amounted to $150,000. 
Since that time we have become familiar with larger figures in 
college matters, as well as in matters of church and state; but 
up to that time it was the most successful effort at endowment 
made in this young country. In 1876 a new impetus was given 
to the study of physical science by the building and equipment 
of Faraday Hall. The facilities there offered for the study of 
physical science under the enthusiastic direction of Professor 
Eugene Haanel, were, to say the least, second to none in this 
country at that time. 

Besides the general oversight of the college, Dr. belles had 
for many years as his special charge the instruction in Mental 
Philosophy, Logic, Ethics, and the Evidences of Religion. In 
his later years,' when the faculty was enlarged, he confined his 
lectures to Moral Philosophy and the Evidences of Religion. 
Of his qualities as a lecturer it need only be said that, as with 
many of the best teachers, his power lay in inspiration even 
more than iri information. Information up to and even beyond 
the measure of their capacity his students might have found in 
books. But the book-learning was to the culture gained from 
their professor as the dry rod to Aaron's rod that budded. And 
with the living interest of the study, the student was ever led 
to a sincere desire for the truth, and a frank trust in all truth 
as come from God and leading up to God again. Another les- 
son he did not fail to teach, was that our powers of knowing in 
this life are limited, that here we see through a glass darkly. 
The truth is always larger than we can fully comprehend, deeper 
than we can fullv fathom, and higher than we can grasp, but, 
at the same time, the true dignity and worth of human life, and 
its great aim is to be surely found not in knowing all truth, but 
in doing the good we know, in loyalty to love and duty. 



SAMUEL S. NELLES, D.D. 149 

Reference has already been made to the frequent and 
irrepressible sallies of wit and humour that glowed and sparkled 
in his speech. Unhappily the gift of wit is too often exercised 
in sarcasm, and in what Hooker calls disdainful sharpness. 
But no one ever knew the extraordinary wit of Chancellor 
belles to be used in wounding his friends, or even his adversaries. 
In spite, too, of the frequent playfulness of his manner, those 
who knew him but for an hour could scarcely fail to learn that 
under the sparkling surface there was a great depth of earnest 
thought and tender feeling. An aged brother minister, per- 
haps the most noted in the church for austerity of thought and 
manner, would yet speak of him impulsively as "that man of 
God." His godliness was not of the kind so strongly condemned 
by John Wesley as sour godliness. 

The part taken by Dr. Nelles in the movement for university 
federation was one of great importance. At first he was an 
ardent supporter of the movement and gained for it the support 
of many friends of Victoria University. His ideal was a fed- 
eration of all the universities of the province, Toronto, Victoria, 
Queen's, Trinity, and McMaster, and, looking to that ideal, he 
threw himself ardently into the advocacy of the scheme. But 
when he saw no hope of realizing that ideal, when Trinity and 
Queen's refused to enter into federation, and McMaster with- 
drew from her affiliation with the University of Toronto and 
entered upon an independent university career, and when as 
yet no sufficient financial support for Victoria under federation 
had been offered, Dr. belles lost heart in the enterprise and 
endeavoured to dissuade his Victoria friends from making any 
further advance toward federation for the time at least. In this 
he was not successful, and in the contention that followed and 
the failure of his effort he was sorely disappointed. It is still 
the hope of the supporters of Victoria, and present indications 
strongly encourage the hope, that the scheme for which he 
planned and worked may yet be fully realized, and a grand 
Provincial University be formed in which all the educational 
forces and resources of the country will be happily combined. 

Early in October, 1887, Dr. Nelles was prostrated by an 
attack of typhoid fever, and on the 17th of the month, his sixty- 
iourth birthday, he passed away, breathing peace and good will, 
and expressing a humble but sure and certain hope of an abun- 
dant entrance into the everlasting habitations. 



150 UNIVEESITy OF TOKONTO MONTHLY 

RELATION OF THE UNIVERSITY TO INDUSTRIAL 
DEVELOPMENT. 

BY P. H. BRYCE, M.A., M.D. 

THE history of a country which, like the Province of Ontario, 
has grown up within a hundred years, gives many oppor- 
tunities for observing the influences which affect the evolution 
of society, whether from the commercial, social or educational 
standpoint. To obtain anything like a correct perspective of the 
influence of the Provincial University upon the development 
of Ontario, one must go back to the time when that wise gov- 
ernor, Sir John Graves Simcoe, provided legislation, introduced 
by his locum tenens, the Honourable Peter Russell, wherebv 
500,000 acres of the wild lands of Upper Canada were set apart 
in 17" 9 7 for the purposes of education, with 225,944 acres of this 
original endowment devoted to the purposes of higher institutions 
of learning. Of the beginnings of the development of this work 
in 1829 in the establishment of the Royal Grammar School 
(Upper Canada College), of the laying of the foundations in 
1841 of King's College by Sir Charles Bagot, and of its conver- 
sion into the University of Toronto in 1849, one need not speak, 
except to observe that the changes were the natural outgrowth 
of the conditions in a Province which, in 1840, liad but 400,000 
of a population, and a revenue of 60,000, and had so rapidly 
developed that in 1861 it had a population of 1,396,091, or 
almost a million of an increase in twenty years, composed largely 
of people who had left the British Isles/ imbued with the ideas 
of personal libertv and individual rights, begotten of the agita- 
tion for legislative reforms crystallized in the Reform Bill of 
This marvellous development of a Province whose muni- 
cipal system was completed in 1849, which established a non- 
sectarian^ University by abolishing the divinity course of King's 
College in 1849, had its natural outcome in the erection of a 
structure which confers undying honour upon those who planned 
it, and upon the wise legislation which made it a possibility. That 
$2,049,527.48 had been expended on the University up to the 
31st of December, 1859, may seem, if viewed from the stand- 
point of 1840, with a governmental revenue of but 60,000, to 
be an act of irresponsible extravagance, but when we find that 
the sale of University lands had netted in 1860, $1,322,375, 
owing to the demands of a million settlers during the preceding 
) years, and who, in. 1861, wrested from the virgin soils of 



UNIVERSITY AND INDUSTRIAL DEVELOPMENT. 151 

the Province 24,620,000 bushels of wheat, 45,000,000 bushels 
of other agricultural produce, and had a revenue of $12,000,000, 
we cannot but sympathize with the sentiment of the men of the 
time who felt that in a Province where Nature was so lavish in 
her bounty, the people of Upper Canada were only recognizing 
their obligations in erecting to Minerva a temple worthy of her 
who had taught them to make proper use of the prodigal gifts 
of Cores and Pan. 

Thus was our Alma Mater seated in affluence, the professors 

in the Universitv receiving in 1859, $3,210, and those of the 

University College $29,184 in salaries.* Surely our motto, 

" Velut arbor gevo," could then be said with truth of our College, 

An examination of the curriculum for 1861 gives an interest- 
ing picture of what constituted a complete Arts course in those 
halcyon days. There was one professor of Classics, one of 
Mathematics, one of Orientals, a lecturer in Moderns, a professor 
of History, a professor of Philosophy, one of Chemistry, one of 
Geology, one of Meteorology, and one of Agriculture. They had 
sent out as alumni, 26 B.A/s, 27 M.A.'s, 3 M.B.'s, and 1 M.D., 
and in 1861 there were 80 undergraduates, 39 students taking 
several courses, and 69 occasional students taking one course 
of lectures. 

Perhaps the most interesting note in the Calendar of 1861 is 
taken from the syallabus of the lectures on Agriculture. It 
reads, "Kelations of Political Economy to Rural Affairs, Agri- 
culture as a pursuit; economic importance of its place in a sys- 
tem of general education, tendency to foster feelings of patriot- 
ism," etc., with the following note: "N.B. Instructions are 
regularly given on the experimental grounds attached to the 
College, illustrating the principles of practice and science* " 
Would not students of 1902 have revelled in Dr. Buckland's 
melon-patch? How professois, students and the whole people 
rejoiced in those days of plenty, is revealed even in their poetry, 
for the subject of the year upon which competition in the arena 
was to take place, was in Latin verse. 

"Aurea fruges 
"Jam Canadae pleno defundit copia cornu." 

In 1871, the curriculum had remained practically unaltered, 
four tutors, however, having been added, three of whom are 
to-day professors, one being our worthy President. The course 

* The payments by the University to professors were probably for work 
in examining. 



152 UNIVERSITY OF TORONTO MONTHLY 

in Agriculture, in spite of the attractions of the Experimental 
Farm, had one matriculant, and in 1873 the writer had the 
honour of being prizeman because he had no competition. 
There were, however, many more students than in 1861, 241 being- 
examined and 50 entering in the matriculating class of 1872. In 
1881 the curriculum is found still almost unaltered, some of the 
professors have changed, but only three additional tutors having 
been added. It was in the decade 1871-1881 that several develop- 
ments began to take place, which were to have very marked 
effects on education in the Province and upon our University. 
In 1871 an extended report was made to the then Provincial 
S-< retary, the Honourable Peter Gow, upon Agricultural Educa- 
tion. It relates and commends the action taken by the Ameri- 
can Congress in making a grant of 360,000 acres of wild lands 
to each State for establishing, as the preamble of the Bill states, 
"at least one college in each State, upon a sure and perpetual 
foundation acceptable to all, but especially the sons of the soil; 
where all the needful sciences for the practical vocations of life 
shall be taught, where neither the high graces of classical 
studies nor the military drill our country so highly appreciates, 
will be ignored." Basing its actions on the recommendations 
of the report, the Government ultimately, in 1873, established 
the Agricultural College at Guelph, in which graduates of our 
Alma Mater were first to illustrate as professors the immediate 
dependence of advanced agriculture upon the pure sciences of 
which, up to this time, the Provincial University had been the 
coryphaeus in Upper Canada, 

In 1878, another step in advance was made when the School 
of Technology was brought to the Park and became the School 
of Practical Science. The writer well remembers how, after 
being attached two years to the Guelph College, he happened to 
call on the late Prof. G. Paxton Young, and the conversation 
turned upon the new School of Science. Educated in the school 
of the Humanities, the good old man stoutly opposed the idea that 
it was the duty of the State to spend money on an institution in- 
tended to train students in the business of life. On my part it 
was urged that much as it might be desired that all should get 
culture first, it was a prime necessity, if men were to be trained 
for developing the industries of the Province, as agriculture, 
mining and so on, that the students be given opportunities com- 
mensurate with their means and that the University even should 
give students such training in chemistry, mineralogy and other 
sciences, as would enable them to undertake practical work 
after graduation. It has taken twenty years to make the 



UNIVERSITY AND INDUSTRIAL DEVELOPMENT. 153 

country realize that what might have been adequate in theory 
for Great Britain, is not enough for a country with millions of 
acres whose resources are undeveloped; and it must be apparent 
to every University man to-day, that it is largely in consequence 
of these beliefs of the school-men of those early days that our 
Alma Mater has till recently failed in the realization of her full 
functions and duties, and that in this very fact has lain the fons 
et origo mali, which for the moment she suffers from so greatly, 
and a remedy for which she seeks. 

In 1876, the politicians in the Legislature spoke with bated 
breath of the Agricultural College as an unpopular experiment; 
but by 1879, owing to the executive abilitv and indomitable 
energy of the then Principal, the late William Johnston, an 
alumnus of our University, the institution had begun to find 
favour with the people. The legislator in those days saw, and 
gees still more to-day, that devoting money to educational ends 
of an immediately practical character was popular, and hence we 
find that, though in 1881 the Legislature had even begun to be 
liberal to agriculture, its grants for various purposes amount- 
ing to $90,000. Yet it was only a beginning, since, in 1901, its 
various expenditures on agriculture amounted to $209,855. 
The same story 'is to be told of the School of Practical Science. 
In 1881, the grant for its maintenance was $5,750; in 1901 
it was $28,367.86, of which $12,356.50 was repaid to the Gov- 
ernment in the fees paid by the students. 

If now we compare these figures with those of the University, 
whose nurslings both of these institutions are, we find that the 
receipts of the University, in 1861, were $131,531.10, while in 
a statement published in 1900, the average income of the Uni- 
versity for 1896-1900 was but $121,500, made up of endowment 
$63,300, fees $43,500 and rentals $14,700. 

The subjects of the curriculum, the staff and number of 
students in 1871 have been given; in 1901 with curriculum 
extended the students in Arts had increased to 794, and had 
the services of 39 professors, lecturers and fellows for the Uni- 
versity, 16 for the University College and 12 for Victoria. 
Incidentally it may be mentioned that the revenues of Ontario, 
in 1871, were $2,659,746.69. In 1901 they were $5,507,- 
327.48. 

This brief svnopsis of the history of especially the last thirty 
years, during which the population of the Province has ceased 
to grow, even in proportion to its natural increase, in which 
period the natural fertility of the soils has yearly tended to 



154 UNIVEESITY OF TOKONTO MONTHLY 

decrease, while the prices of grain, through the enormous pro- 
duction of the prairies, were rapidly declining, and the changes 
to other methods of farming and the introduction of the indus- 
tries were slow, teaches its lessons; while University men who 
have lived like the settlers, so to speak, on the virgin soil, have 
been slow to realize the truth of the. proverb, Tempora mutan- 
tur et nos mutamur in illis. How is the University to make 
her soil again produce abundantly, and how obtain more? 

Apparently it must be along the same lines as those which 
have brought funds to her two nurslings. As pure science is 
the mother of agriculture and of engineering, so is she the 
mother of other applied sciences. In 1861, there was but 17.5 
of the population of Ontario non-agricultural, and to-day 42.5 
per cent, is urban. Manufactures in almost every branch of 
industry are being rapidly developed; chemists are demanded in 
most of them. Large canning industries, cement, pulp and 
chemical works, the many products of petroleum, and of other 
minerals, methods for improving the transportation of perishable 
products, and a dozen other lines of industry are all demanding 
expert scientific knowledge. If we are to develop these along 
productive lines, science must be applied. .Quality at a mini- 
mum of cost is the only basis of modern commercial success. 
Germany, which has led the world in all these matters, has only 
done it along the lines of applied science, and so only shall wa in 
Canada. 

From the standpoint of one who for twenty* years 1 has had per- 
haps exceptional opportunities for observing these things, it may 
be said that as the Agricultural College only became a pronounced 
success when it brought its work into touch with the people by 
its Farmers' Institutes, its Experimental Union, its Travelling 
Dairy and so on, so University men may rest assured that they 
must work along similar lines; that cloisters no longer are the 
necessary fields for the cultivation either of the sciences or of the 
arts, and that not until those to whom we have entrusted the 
welfare of Alma .Mater shall have brought before the busy 
manufacturers and capitalists of our cities and towns, the place 
which applied science holds in relation to their interests, and 
shall have obtained their interest and co-operation by organizing 
scholarships to enable students to work along these many 
lines of research, can we in this practical age expect 
to keep the people in sympathy with our ideals. To climb 
Parnassus and dwell in its sublime ether, may very pro- 
perly be the dream of all of us; but we must not forget that the 
Castalian font springs forth lower down the hillside, and that 
the oracles dwell in the valley below. 



THE QUEEN'S PASSING. 155 



THE QUEEN'S PASSING. 

She will not see Tier armies come 

Home from her last and sternest war. 

The lean brown regiments must be dumb 
Whose heart thrilled to her from afar : 

Or utter for another's ear 

Their long-delayed victorious cheer. 

But where, in that mysterious place, 

The spirits of her soldiers dead, 
Who died before they saw her face, 

Day after day were gathered, 
Those awed expectant ranks between 
The whisper ran: "The Queen! The Queen!" 

E. B. P.,* in the London 
Spectator, Feby. 15th. 



IDEM LATINE REDDITUM. 

Deerit extremi durique ante omnia belli 
Fine, revertentes Ilia videre suos: 

Tuque, macer miles, tu, sole peruste, tacebis 
Quod tibi semper Herse nomen in ore fuit 

Alteriusque nee illius elamabis ad aures 

" Serus, opinantes ante, Triumphus adit." 

At parte ex alia quo cogebantur in unum 
Inviti Manes ad loca pallidula : 

Nostrorum quota pars infecto marte, relicta 
Pone domo, invisa miles obibat Hera : 

Mussat ili mirans erecta per agmina murmur 
" En Regina suis advenit ipsa comes." 

* Ed ward Baden-Powell, no doubt. 



156 UNIVERSITY OF TORONTO MONTHLY 



IDEM IONICE. 

v i'n arparor oi/:srai 
LGrdrov dXylffrov r' oindd j a 

& dv ueivrfS arepecoraroi iax vGl 
ffiyy duovGovTai npiv y j a\akaCo}A 
ei tie nporos x Sl P ( & v > srtpov y TtpSs oora 
i'^erai dyyfXXoov oijnov r}^ 



ds TOTtcp, VSKLGOV a^vr^va naprjva 
ffvvspxo^fVGov ijiAap en j ijfjap i(jav } 

OffffOl fXTTO TTToXlOZ T8 K<Xl OIHOV K(Xl 

airi ev 

ava T<xeiS edpafte (prf 
dvdpl 6' I'qiaffHZv avrjp 'rj BaffiXzia napa? 



IDEM ATTICE. 

lVr) fAlV OVHtT* OUXtT 7 Otf:erai 



OLVOJJ? avTTjS iffx^oS rfi 
5 6iy J OTrA/TT/b 6t^erai 7 xpOTGov TO ttpiv. 



ap f&ffiv, euqjpavovv d<pi& 



Gvv 



rov siaai^o ov ronov 
vtxpGov rf^pa Ttap 7 rfnepav, 
offos TtOvrfxs yf/s re A^Gnoivrj^ r ano 
xdi TGOV eavrov x<&piois dhXorpioiS, 

tvaS noSco 
, 77 



MAURICE BUTTON. 



LOCAL EXAMINATIONS IN MUSIC. 15? 

LOCAL EXAMINATIONS IN MUSIC. 

BY GEO. DICKSON, B.A. 

IN undertaking to conduct local examinations in music the 
University is following the example of the leading univer- 
sities of England and America, the conditions in each country, 
however, deciding the nature and extent of the movement. 
The great universities in England, Oxford and Cambridge, do not 
teach music systematically, nor do they concern themselves 
about where the student of music gains his knowledge and skill, 
but they always have musicians of recognized standing as ex- 
aminers, and their examinations are thorough and severe. In 
the United States considerable progress has been made in this 
direction. Harvard University has always shown an interest 
in music. Thirty years ago it was established as an elective 
study, and it is now included among those subjects in which 
honours are given at graduation. Yale, Columbia, Michigan, 
Brown and several others, each in its own way, recognizes 
music as an important department of university work. 

"With the exception of elementary instruction in the high 
and public schools, nothing in a national or provincial way has 
been done for music in Ontario, and yet a universal interest in 
the study exists among the people. This has 1 been attained 
through the musical taste of the people themselves, stimulated 
and guided by musicians and teachers in scattered districts 
throughout the country, each musician, however, working inde- 
pendently. There has hitherto been no general standard set for 
the guidance of teachers and students. It seems therefore fitting 
that the University should at least give direction and character 
to musical education by means of the proposed practical exam- 
inations. 

According to representations made to the Uni versity in a peti- 
tion signed by the leading musicians of Ontario, including the 
heads of the Conservatories and Colleges of Music, there are 
more than 75,000 students of music in the Province of Ontario, 
scattered throughout the country in every city, town, village and 
even in remote townships, thus making interest in the art prac- 
tically universal. As music is a force that tends in a high 
degree to elevate the lives and characters of a people, it is of 
great importance that something should be done to bring our 
students of music into sympathy with higher musical standards. 
The following paragraphs, which are from a circular issued bv 
the University, state its attitude in regard to the question. 




158 UNIVERSITY OF TORONTO MONTHLY 

Although the examinations are arranged somewhat late for this 
year, the prospects are promising for ultimate success. 

For many years past the University of Toronto has provided 
in its curriculum a course of musical study, both theoretical and 
practical, leading to the degree of Bachelor of Music. The ex- 
aminations in this course are open to all students of music who 
pass the prescribed matriculation examination, whether they 
have attended any training institution or not. 

Three years ago the "Associated Musicians of Ontario," on 
their own initiative, requested the Senate of the University to 
establish " Examinations in Practical Music " of a more ele- 
mentary character, and appointed a committee to draft a course 
of study to serve as a basis for such examinations. After careful 
deliberation and protracted negotiation, a scheme of examina- 
tion to be held at outside centres, as well as at Toronto, was 
formulated, and the first examination in theory under it will 
take place about the 15th of June, 1902. 

In entering on this undertaking, the Senate has acted entirely 
at the instance of an overwhelming majority of the leading 
musicians of Canada, but the undertaking itself is perfectly 
legitimate from an academic point of view, and is in harmony 
with the 'function of a national university. It is unnecessary to 
insist on the importance of music as a culture subject, or to call 
attention to the fact that it is widely studied as such all over 
the Dominion. The amount of money expended annually on 
the musical education of the young is enormous, and though 
much good has been accomplished, much of the effort has in the 
past been misdirected. The University will endeavour by means 
of its local examinations to ' remedy defects in the training of 
pupils, to guarantee to parents more satisfactory results for the 
expense incurred, and to provide for teachers satisfactory tests as 
to the progress of their pupils. ! 

The plan adopted by the Senate of the University is of the 
simplest character. It appoints yearly a standing committee of 
its members to look especially after these examinations; it pub- 
lishes a thoroughly graded and amply varied course of study, 
including both theory and practice, which has been prepared 
and will be revised from time to time by musicians of the 
highest standing;. It appoints as examiners musical artists of 
established reputation. It offers to hold examinations at all 
places where a sufficient number of candidates are secured to 
meet the expenditure incurred, the aim being not to make profit 
out of these examinations, but to promote and maintain a high 



UNIVERSITY AND INDUSTRIAL DEVELOPMENT. 159 

standard of musical culture For the examination of 1902 the 
minimum number of candidates in each subject for which a 
local centre will be established has been fixed at five. The 
Senate appoints at each local centre a well-known resident repre- 
sentative to supervise the arrangements for the examination and 
to protect the interests of all concerned the University, the 
candidates, the teachers, and the examiners. The work done 
and the standing obtained in the various grades and subjects of 
the examination will be attested by certificates. 

The course of study, published in detail, may be obtained on 
application to the Registrar of the University, or to the local 
representative at any examination centre. 



DOMESTIC SCIENCE IN" THE UNIVERSITY. 

BY EDITH M. CURZON, B.A. 

FROM the beginning of the world human beings have 
known that in order to maintain life it is necessary to 
eat, drink, sleep and breathe. Yet, curiously enough, a serious 
study of the conditions under which these processes may be 
carried on, so as to produce the best results, has been undertaken 
(with one exception, where God gave laws to the Israelites,) 
only in recent vears. This no doubt has been due to public 
education having been promoted only within the past few de- 
cades, as well as to former ignorance of the sciences bearing on 
the question. 

The utter disregard of laws relating to health during the first 
part of the last century, in even the wealthiest and most popu- 
lated towns, where Isuch knowledge is most needed, is familiar 
even to the general reader who is acquainted with Kingsley, 
Sidney Smith, John Howard, "Walter Besant, DeFoe or any 
other public-spirited writer. The condition of eastern and 
southern countries in the past and present is well known to all. 
During the latter part of the century, however, sanitation made 
vast strides among western nations, and the past few years have 
shown that knowledge of it is no longer confined to the medical 
man, the social reformer, or the philanthropist. It now receives 
serious consideration from the majority of intelligent people, 
and is being gradually made a subject, in a limited way, of 
compulsory education. I 

The study of health, conditions of life and environment is 
known by various names, as Domestic Science, Home Econ- 



160 UNIVERSITY OF TORONTO MONTHLY 

mines and similar titles. These terms, which appear to be some- 
what indefinite to most people, or to have a very restricted 
meaning, are intended to cover a knowledge of the laws which 
affect the health and welfare of the nation, the community, the 
family and the individual. The breadth of the subject is appar- 
ent, but it is only possible here to deal with those conditions 
which bear directly on health and welfare and to group them 
into classes according to the number of people they affect. 
What laws deal with the people as a whole and so indirectly con- 
cern the individual? 

The Nation. The health of the people must be preserved, 
therefore the nation, through the Dominion Government, makes 
quarantine laws to keep out disease, regulates marriage and 
makes other social laws to keep the people free from crime; 
advances means of transport to keep the people fed; controls 
imports, exports, and manufactures, the mines, forest and seas, 
to give the people a means of earning a livelihood, and so avoid 
the ill health of poverty. 

The Community. The crowding of people together gives rise 
to conditions which lead to ill health, discomfort and crime. 
The business of communities, both collectively as a province 
and separatelv as a town, is to overcome these conditions and 
maintain the population in health, comfort and godliness. As 
this state is desired by all, yet means to attain it sought by few, 
it is found necessary to appoint certain members of the com- 
munity to look after the whole welfare of the whole, and the 
Province therefore sees to cases of infectious diseases which 
arise within its borders, to the water supply, to the relations 
between workmen and employers, to the sanitary state of fac- 
tories or other places where large numbers are employed, to the 
control of various dangerous industries, to the punishment of 
criminals. Where any of these duties are undertaken by the 
towns or cities, the province assumes the attitude of critic and 
arbiter. 

These smaller or individual communities look more particu- 
larly to conditions of health which affect neighbourhoods, under- 
take the disposal of refuse, the supplv of water, the inspection 
of food, to see that it is free from putrefaction or disease, to 
provide for comfortable progress in streets, to light these, to 
keep order, and in fact as far as possible, to control the welfare 
of families. ! 

The ^Family. The community is made up of small groups of 
individuals, but over the health and welfare of these, so far as 



DOMESTIC SCIENCE IN THE UNIVERSITY. 1(51 

other families are not greatly affected by them, no one has any 
power. Though elementary education is compulsory, there are 
many who cannot read or write, and what child who leaves 
school at thirteen but is ignorant of the laws of health, and 
means of retaining health? 

The Individual. The individual should know how to keep 
premises clean and be convinced of tiie necessity of doing it, 
yet the inspection of many yards about the city, and in the 
country also, reveals a most objectionable state. Among the 
shiftless well-to-do, as well as poor, repairs that might be done 
by some member of the family are neglected, ventilation is dis- 
regarded, foo-d is badly prepared, mucn waste of land, building 
and food is permitted. All this results mainly from laziness, 
often from ignorance, seldom from poverty. Laziness and 
ignorance, with their consequent evils to the community, are 
preventible rather than curable. The prevention of these forms 
which concern more particularly the health and welfare of the 
nation is what Home Economics, let us rather call it Public 
Health, aims' at. Literary education alone does not accomplish 
this, chough without it no education, technical or scientific, is 
po&ible, and knowing the tendency of all new studies to crowd 
out the old, one must guard particularly against allowing tech- 
nical education to infringe on the territory of the literary. If 
it shows more clearly the loss to the nation that the neglect of 
Greek and Latin has entailed, it will indirectly accomplish a 
great mission. But this is a digression. To resume the argument. 
We can teach in the junior grade of the schools to the child- 
ren of the nation, cleanliness, methods of preparing food, sew- 
ing and carpentry. In so doing we also teach them habits of 
industry and accuracy, the relation of hand, eye and thought, 
and also we develop their powers of observation. Thus the 
whole nation will be stimulated and be better able to deal with 
public questions. Those who attend the higher grades learn, 
and have minds mature enough to understand scientific princi- 
ples by the study of chemistry, biology, physiology and hygiene. 
Will the reader call to mind the place these take in curricula to- 
day compared with twenty years ago? And history and geo- 
graphy are no less necessary that youth may learn of other 
nations, countries and climates, for no nation lives unto itself. 
These studies of animate and inanimate bodies are absolutely 
necessary for the advancement of life and industry, -as has been 
shown by the increase of manufactures and healthier conditions 
of life now prevailing. 



162 UNIVERSITY OF TORONTO MONTHLY 

But beyond this, there should be a course for mature minds 
which will embrace the whole subject in its national aspect, and 
this can only be carried out at a university where most of the 
subjects are taught in various departments. But not as applied 
to this particular question. 

The relation of nations, commerce and similar subjects relat- 
ing to the national welfare are studied as Political Science, but 
the particular branches bearing on its welfare and health are 
not studied in this connection. 

The Medical Faculty deals mainly and minutely with cure 
of disease. The study of crime is left to the Faculty of Laws, 
which very properly considers the relations of human beings to 
the minutest detail, but does not consider particularly the sub- 
ject of national health as affected by the concourse of human 
beings. 

But in order to educate the nation to advance its physical and 
industrial condition, some of its members should be trained 
specially in the main features which bear upon these. Thev 
should have a summary, as it were, of various sciences which 
have done so much to advance the welfare of the world. But do 
not misunderstand either the subject or the amount of the study. 
It is not that the student will make researches in bacteriology 
or replace the engineer and architect and inspector, but that he or 
she will learn the relation of all such branches of studv to 
public health and educate -public opinion, and especially direct 
those studies which will most quicklv and effectively teach the 
younger generation, bearing in mind that national knowledge and 
intelligence is only the sum of individual knowledge and intelli- 
gence. 

For such a course the following subjects will be necessary, the 
details and related subjects being left to the more minute con- 
sideration of the matter at some other time. 

The student should have so much literary education as will 
characterize him or her as well educated in the accepted sense 
of the term. Such a knowledge of mathematics as the study of 
physics and chemistry requires; so much of these as are necessary 
to study the constitution of matter and laws governing the same, 
with more particular knowledge of food and substances in com- 
mon use; such a knowledge of morphology, physiology, the 
embryology of animals and plants, as are necessary to under- 
stand the laws of life; such a knowledge governing food supply, 
means of transport of the same, and relation of nations as is 
necessary to judge of the condition of the people and their 
prospects in dearth or war. As the subject to which all these tend, 



DOMESTIC SCIENCE IN THE UNIVERSITY. 168 

the final study would be specially devoted to sanitary science in all 
the branches and to the legislation bearing directly on the health 
of the people the sanitary legislation of Dominion, Province, 
and municipality, the intelligent study of these laws being de- 
pendent on the previous training. There is, I believe, no special 
training given in Board of Health work and this would be an 
approach to it, and were the public brought under the influence 
of the people so trained the Board of Health work would be 
greatly facilitated. For while such graduates need not be 
teachers in institutions any more than those from other sources, 
yet the education of the lower grades would be directed and 
influenced as a result of this course, and not only the children 
in the public schools work toward definite lines, but eventually 
the work would tend toward specific instruction of all classes, 
inspectors connected with health work, factory, building and the 
numerous classes of inspectors necessary to make people do 
their duty by their neighbours. 

Will the kind reader bear in mind that this attempt is like 
the essay of old time which aimed rather to suggest thought 
than exhaustively discuss a subject? i 



ANNOUNCEMENT. 

Alumni of the University of Toronto, who are not already sub- 
scribers to the UNIVERSITY OF TORONTO MONTHLY or who have not paid 
their annual fee to the Alumni Association, should send one dollar to 
the Secretary at once. This will insure the receipt of all publications 
issued by the Association during the present year. The presence of the 
word " Paid " in red ink on the wrapper of this issue shows that the 
receiver's fee for the current year has been paid. 

UNIVERSITY OF TORONTO MONTHLY is published during the college year 
in nine monthly issues. The subscription price is ONE DOLLAR per year. 
single copies' FIFTEEN CENTS. All subscriptions are credited, October- 
June. 

All communications should be addressed to the Secretary of the 
University of Toronto Alumni Association, Dean's House, University 
of Toronto. 



164 



UNIVERSITY OF TORONTO MONTHLY 



TORONTONENSIA 



UNIVERSITY OF TORONTO 
MONTHLY. 

ADDRESS ALL COMMUNICATIONS FOR 
PUBLICATION TO THE SECRETARY, UNI- 
VERSITY OF TORONTO. 

Published monthly, October June. 
Subscription $1.00 a year, single copies 

15 ets. 

All subscriptions are credited, October- 
June. 

EDITORIAL BOARD. 

I. H. CAMERON, M.B., Chairman. 

J. C. MCLENNAN, Ph.D., Secretary. 

J. FLETCHER, M.A., LL.D.; A. R. 
BAIN, M.A., LL.D.; A. B. MACALLUM, 
M.B., Ph. D.; J. A. COOPER, B.A., 
LL.B.; L. E. EMBREE, M.A.; HON. S. C. 
BIGGS, B.A.; T. A. RUSSELL, B.A.; GEO. 
WILKIE, B.A.; S. J. ROBERTSON, B.A., 
Managing Editor. 

THE UNIVERSITY OF TORONTO ALUMNI 

ASSOCIATION: LOCAL ORGANIZATIONS 

DIRECTORY. 

GENERAL ASSOCIATION. President, 
DR. R. A. REEVE, Toronto. Secretary, 
J. C. MCLENNAN, Ph. D., Dean's House, 
University of Toronto. 

ALGOMA, DISTRICT OF. President, 
REV. J. ALLAN, B.A., Sault Ste. Marie, 
Ont; Secretary-Treasurer, LESLIE A. 
GREEN, B.A., Sault Ste. Marie, Ont. 

BRANT COUNTY. President, A. J. 
WILKES, LL.B. K.C. Secretary, M. J. 
KEANE, M.B. 

BRITISH COLUMBIA. President, REV. 
R. WHITTINGTON, M.A., B.Sc., Vancou- 
ver, B.C. Secretary-Treasurer, ALFRED 
HALL, B.A., LL.B., B.C.L., Vancouver. 

ELGIN COUNTY, ONT. President, REV. 
CANON HILL, St. Thomas. Secretary, 
S. SILCOX, B.A., B. Pasd., St. Thomas. 

GREY AND BRUCE. President, A. G. 
MCKAY, B.A., Owen Sound, Ont. 
Secretary, W. D. FERRIS, M.B., Shallow 
Lake, Ont. 

HASTINGS COUNTY. President, LT.- 
COL. W. N. PONTON, M.A., Belleville. 
Beoretary, J. T. LUTON, B.A., Belleville. 



HURON COUNTY. President, WM. 
GUNN, M.D, Clinton, Ont. Secretary- 
Treasurer, CHAS. GARROW, B.A., LL.B., 
Goderich, Ont. 

KENT COUNTY Presiden t, D. S. 
PATERSON, B.A., Chatham, Ont. Sec- 
retary, Miss GRACE MCDONALD, B.A., 
Chatham, Ont. 

LENNOX AND ADDINGTON COUNTIES. 
President, H. M. DEROCHE, B.A., K.C., 
Napanee. Secretary-Treasurer, U. J. 
FLACK, M.A., Napanee. 

LINCOLN COUNTY. President, JOHN 
HENDERSON, M.A., St. Catharines. 
Secretary-Treasurer, G. B. BURSON, 
B.A., St. Catharines. 

MIDDLESEX COUNTY. President, TAL- 
BOT MACBETH, B.A., K.C., London. 
Secretary-Treasurer, F. E. PERRIN, B.A., 
London. 

OTTAWA. President, E. R. CAMERON, 
M.A., Ottawa. Secretary-Treasurer, H. 
A.BURBRIDGE, B.A., Ottawa. 

PERTH COUNTY, ONT. President, C. J. 
MCGREGOR, M.A., Stratford, Ont. 
Secretary-Treasurer, C. A. MAYBERRY, 
B.A., LL.B., Stratford, Ont. 

PETERBOROUGH COUNTY. President, 
E. B. EDWARDS, B.A., LL.B., K.C., 
Peterborough. Secretary-Treasurer, D. 
WALKER, B.A., Peterborough. 

PRINCE EDWARD COUNTY. President, 
M. CURRIE, B.A., M.B., Picton. Secre- 
tary-Treasurer, A. W. HENDRICK, B.A., 
Picton. 

SIMCOE COUNTY. President, DONALD 
Ross, B.A., LL.B. Secretary-Treasurer, 
A. F. HUNTER, M.A. 

VICTORIA COUNTY. President, J. C. 
HARSTONE, B.A., Lindsay, Ont. Secre- 
tary-Treasurer, Miss E. G. FLAVELLE, 
B.A., Lindsay, Ont. 

WATERLOO COUNTY. President, His 
HONOUR JUDGE CHISHOLM, Berlin, Ont. 
Secretary-Treasurer, REV. W. A. BRAD- 
LEY, B.A., Berlin, Ont. 

WELLINGTON COUNTY, ONT. Presi- 
dent, WM. TYTLER, B.A., Guelph, Ont. 
Secretary-Treasurer, R. L. McKiNNON, 
B.A., LL.B., Guelph, Ont. 

WENTWORTH COUNTY GRADUATES' 
ASSOCIATION. President, J. CHISHOLM, 
B.A., Hamilton, Ont. Secretary- 
Treasurer, J. T. CRAWFORD, B.A., Ham- 
ilton, Ont. 



TOBONTONENSIA 



165 



Campus and Corridor. 

At the last meeting of the Senate of 
the University of Toronto, a statute 
was passed, under the terms of which 
it will be possible hereafter for a can- 
didate to secure the degree of Bache- 
lor of Arts, at the end of his fourth 
year, and the degree" of Bachelor of 
Medicine at the end of his sixth year. 
It is proposed to introduce anatomy 
as an option in the third and fourth 
years, and in this way to enable a 
student, at the end of the fourth 
year in arts, to proceed directly to 
the third year in medicine. 

S. B. Sinclair, B.A. '89, of the Nor- 
mal School, Ottawa, has very gener- 
ously offered an annual scholarship 
of $25.00 for five years, to be awarded 
in the Department of Philosophy. 

W. J. Chisholm, B.A. '85, principal 
of the Model School in Walkerton, 
Ont, has been appointed public school 
inspector for West Bruce. 

An ex-president of the literary and 
scientific society writes: "I was much 
surprised that neither the faculty nor 
the students wore academic dress at 
the conversazione. They are not as 
proud of their uniform as the sol- 
diers are. I hope they are not 
ashamed of it. It might have been 
worn up to the time of dancing at 
least." 

E. C. Jeffrey, B.A. '88, Ph.D., and 
Professor Primrose gave short lec- 
tures before the Natural Science Asso- 
ciation at its open meeting on Feb. 
26th. Dr. Jeffrey's subject was 
" Woods," and Professor Primrose's 
"Palmistry." Both lectures were 
profusely illustrated and were most 
instructive and entertaining. 

Richard Unsworth, B.A. '56, has 
presented to the Unfversity a lamp 
which was once the property of Pro- 
fessor W. H. Balmain, and a com- 
plete English dispensary of over a 
century ago. The latter is interest- 
ing as it shows the remedies which 
were in use at that time. 

The annual meeting of the Alumnae 
Association of University College is 
to be held on Easter Monclay, 31st 
of March, in the University Y. M. C. 
A. building. The afternoon business 
meeting at 3 o'clock will be' devoted 
to reports of committees, elections and 
general business. The evening meet- 
ing will be strictly social; music, a 



chafing dish supper, with the re- 
newing of old and the making of new 
acquaintances, will be the attractive 
features. Graduates, whether mem- 
bers or not, are expected to attend, 
without any formal invitation. No- 
tices of the meeting have been sent 
out to those whose addresses the so- 
ciety had, but it is feared that some 
of these may not be the present ad- 
dresses of the graduates, and that 
they may fail to receive their notices. 
Members will kindly pay their mem- 
bership fee, one dollar, to Miss G. 
Hunter, 82 St. jMary St., before the 
Easter meeting. 

The honorary President of the Har- 
monic Club, Mr. A. H. Abbott, B.A., 
has written to Dr. J. C. McLennan, 
secretary of the Alumni Association, 
making the very generous donation on 
behalf of the Club", of $50.00, which the 
Alumni Association is asked to accept 
as an indication of the Club's interest 
in the Convocation Hall, which the 
association is desirous of erecting. It 
is the desire of the Club that this 
amount be used as the nucleus of a 
fund for placing an organ or other 
musical equipment in the Hall, and 
the members promise to aid the asso- 
ciation in any way which may seem 
desirable in carrying out the sugges- 
tion. While the money is voted by the 
executive committee of the Club for 
the specific purpose of providing 
musical equipment, there are no hard 
or fast conditions attached to the gift. 
This gift is rendered possible by the 
successful year which the club has had. 
A hearty welcome has been given to 
the members of the Club by the 
Alumni Associations of the Univer- 
sity wherever concerts have been 
given, and already, Mr. Abbott states, 
a sufficient number of invitations have 
been received for next year to war- 
rant the expectation of greater success 
in the future. 

In many ways Mr. P. W. Ellis has 
evinced his interest in the University 
of Toronto, and the cause of higher 
education generally. As President of 
the Manufacturers' Association he and 
his associates ably seconded the move- 
ment to secure more financial support 
for the University. Recently, Mr. Ellis 
has shown his particular interest in 
Political Science by offering to donate 
three medals annually, gold, silver and 
bronze. The bronze has been fixed for 



166 



UNIVEKSITY OF TOKONTO MONTHLY 



the highest standing in the second 
year on the new course in Commerce; 
the silver for the best summer essay, 
embodying the results of original re- 
search by any undergraduate member 
of the Political Science Club; the gold, 
for the first man in the first year of 
the Political Science course. 



Reunion of the Class of '82. 

The following summons has been 
sent out to the class of '82 bv the 
acting secretary, Dr. D. J. Gibb Wisn- 
art. 

" Come, dear old comrade, you and I 
Will steal an Jiour from days finne by, 

The lusty days of long ago, 

When you were Bill and 1 was Joe." 

As Graduates in Arts of 1882, we 
celebrated the evening of our Gradu- 
ation Day by a dinner in the Resi- 
dence 1 Dining Hall, at which we agreed 
to similarly celebrate every tenth an- 
niversary. The Second Class Dinner 
was held in 1892, and it is proposed 
to hold the Third, marking the 
twentieth anniversary of our gradu- 
ation, on the 12th of June next, the 
day preceding the Annual University 
Convocation. You are cordially in- 
vited to be present, and to help in 
making a memorable success of the 
gathering. Will you kindly fill in tne 
enclosed slip, and return it at once. 

D. J. GIBB WISHAUT 

Acting Secretary. 
February 25th, 1902. 

Brant County Alumni Association. 

An enthusiastic gathering of the 
University of Toronto Alumni of Brant 
County was held in Brantford on 
Feb. 22nd. The meeting, which was 
thoroughly representative, had been 
called together by Dr. Keane. Mr. A. 
J. Wilkes, K.C., was voted to the 
chair, and the University of Toronto 
Alumni Association of Brant County 
was organized, and a constitution 
adopted. 

Mr. J. C. McLennan, Ph.D., and Dr. 
,H. W. Aikens. of Toronto, represented 
the central Alumni Association and 
made interesting addresses on the need 
for more liberal support for 'the Uni- 
versity, and especially for a new Con- 
vocation Hall and Residence. The 



President and Secretary were appoint- 
ed a committee to draft a memorial to 
the Provincial Government, setting 
forth the urgent needs of the Univer- 
sity and the duty of Ihe Government 
to put its finances on a more substan- 
tial basis. 

The election of officers resulr<-i as 
follows: Honorary President, Dr. M. 
J. Kelly, LL.B., '66; President, A. J. 
Wilkes, K.C., LL.B., ,'72; Vice-presi- 
dents, Principal W. N. Bell, B A., '94, 
Paris; Rev. D. Y. Ross, M.A., '76, St. 
George; Secretary, M. J. Keane, M.B., 
'87, Brantford; Treasurer, Miss E. M. 
Bunnell, B.A., '91, Brantford; Council- 
lors, Rev. B. Cockburn, M.A., '72, 
Paris; A. C. W. Hardy, B.A., '95, 
LL.B., '96; S. F. Passmore, M.A., '84; 
Sheriff Watt, B.A., '66, LL.B., 73; and 
R. H. Squire, B.A.Sc., '94, Brantford; 
W. W. Patterson, D.D'.S., Paris; E. E. 
Kitchen, ,M.B., '65, St. George. 



Elgin County Alumni. 

The Elgin County Alumni Asso- 
ciation held its annual dinner in St. 
Thomas, Feb. 28th. The Rev. Canon 
Hill, M.A., president of the 1 Associa- 
tion, was in the chair. At his right 
were Sir William Meredith, Chan- 
cellor of the University, and Prin- 
cipal Hutton of University College, 
and on his left Honourable Mr. Justice 
Moss, Vice-Chancellor of the Univer- 
sity, and Dr. J. C. McLennan, secre- 
tary of the General Association. The 
vice-chairs were occupied by T. W. 
Crothers, B.A., and the* Rev. W. I. 
Warner, B.A. About one hundred of 
the Alumni and their friends were 
present. 

In opening the toast list the chair- 
man said that the graduates of the 
University had banded themselves to- 
gether to keep alive recollections of 
their Alma Mater and to advance 
education. " The King " was then 
drunk. " The Legislature of Ontario " 
was proposed by Judge Ermatinger, 
who commended the course of the 
Legislature in establishing educa- 
tional and scientific institutions. The 
toast was coupled with the names of 
Dr. Wilson and F. G. Macdiarmid, 
M.L.A. 

Mr. Macdiarmid expressed his 
pleasure at being present. He said 
he believed that the Ontario Legisla- 
ture rose above party politics and 



TORONTONENSIA 



167 



discussed eaucational matters on 
their merits. He paid a tribute to 
former leaders in the House, includ- 
ing the Chancellor, Sir William 
Meredith. In replying Dr. J. H. 
Wilson congratulated the chairman 
upon the success of the Association. 
" The University of Toronto " was 
proposed by Mr. J. H. Coyne. The 
chairman, in making the announce- 
ment, said that the success of the 
banquet was due almost entirely to 
Mr. Coyne's efforts. Mr. Coyne, in 
proposing the toast, thanked the asso- 
ciation for re-nominating him for the 
Senate of the University, and thanked 
them and others throughout the Pro- 
vince for re-electing him. 

Sir William Meredith, on rising 
to reply, congratulated the 1 Elgin 
Alumni Association upon the magni- 
ficent gathering. He had been re- 
cently at a similar gathering in 
Guelph, and if the alumni and 
alumnae over the Province did as 
Wellington and Elgin were doing 
there was no doubt what the Legisla- 
ture would do. There could not, he 
said, be too much education. There 
could be no better investment than in 
providing a good solid education. We 
too often forget the struggles that 
brought us the University of Toronto, 
a non-sectarian educational institu- 
tion. The endowment of the Univer- 
sity did not produce sufficient to pay 
its expenses. He had been criticized 
for finding fault with the Legislature 
for not putting the University on the 
basis which the growth and extent of 
the province demand. He believed 
the government were in favour of 
doing this, but feared the people 
would not support them. He, how- 
ever, believed that any government 
which would take such a course would 
receive the support of the people. 
He did not believe tEere would be a 
murmur if everything necessary was 
done for the University. Educational 
questions were not fought in the 
political arena, and what he desired 
was that Alumni Associations bring 
pressure to bear upon the representa- 
tives and the needs of the University 
would be attended to. We were going 
to spend two million dollars in build- 
ing a railway to open up Ontario, and 
the people of the province 1 would not, 
he thought, refuse to spend two mil- 
lion dollars to place a University on 



a sound basis to educate its citizens. 
An effort may be made in the future 
to cut off University College, and the 
result would be that the higher educa- 
tion now given would not be main- 
tained. The University question was 
an important one, not only for to-day 
but for the future. The struggle in 
trade that is going on all over the 
world makes it necessary that every 
nation should do its part in fitting 
its sons for doing their part in the 
battles of the world. In concluding, 
he expressed his pleasure at being 
present, and urged all to continue 
their efforts until the University was 
placed in proper position. 

Mr. Justice Moss, Vice-Chancellor 
of the University, had witnessed an 
enthusiasm for the University, he 
said, that augured well for its future 
prosperity. What the future of the 
University would be depended upon 
its Alumni. The University must go 
forward, and to do this she must have 
means. He hoped the Legislature would 
not allow this greiat educational in- 
stitution to go to ,the wall for the 
want of support. It was the duty of 
the Legislature to support the Uni- 
versity to its utmost. It was consider- 
ed a reproach because the University 
always wanted more money. He 
would consider it a reproach if the 
University did not^ always want more 
money. The Alumni Associations 
and friends of the University could 
raise moneys which could be expend- 
ed in useful ways, but in ways which 
they could not well ask the' 'Legisla- 
ture to provide for. The University 
required a building for an assembly 
hall which would accommodate all 
the students and their friends and the 
friends of the University. 

In replying to the toast of " Univer- 
sity College," proposed by W. A. 
Wilson, B.A., LL.B., Principal Hutton 
made a happy and eloquent speech, in 
which he discussed the future of Uni- 
versity College. "The Alumni Associa- 
tion and Branches" was responded to 
by Dr. J. C. McLennan for the General 
Association, and C. J. McGregor, M. 
A., for the Perth County Association. 

The " Affiliated Institutions " was 
proposed by Rev. Dr. Young in a 
witty and happy speech, and was ably 
responded to by Rev. R. I. Warner, 
B.A. W. L. Wickett, B.A., proposed 



168 



UNIVERSITY OF TORONTO MONTHLY 



the toast to " The Ladies," and a 
most successful reunion ended. 

The committee in charge of the 
arrangements were James H. Coyne, 
B.A. (chairman), Rev. Canon Hill, 
M.A., Miss ,M. A. Harvey, B.A., T. \v. 
Crothers, B.A., E. W. Housinger, D. 
D.S., and S. Silcox, B.A. 

Lectures on the History of Art. 

A lecture on Raphael, under the 
auspices of the Modern Language 
Club, and open to the public, was de- 
livered by Professor W. H. Fraser 
before a large audience, in the Chemi- 
cal Building, on the evening of the 
10th inst. The development of 
Raphael's genius was treated historic- 
ally, and considerable attention was 
devoted to the earlier stages of reli- 
gious painting in Italy. Representative 
pictures from the various epochs, as 
far back as the fourth century, were 
shown, and their significance ex- 
plained. The naturalistic revolution 
inaugurated by Giotto was referred to; 
the various stages of progress between 
his times and the end of the 15th cen- 
tury were indicated. Typical works by 
painters who immediately preceded 
Raphael, or were contemporaneous 
with him, were next dealt with, and 
their influence, respectively, on the 
formation of his style was demon- 
strated. Reference was also made at 
length to the political and literary 
conditions of the Renaissance period, 
and much interesting information was 
given regarding Raphael's relations 
to the reigning popes and to contem- 
porary celebrities in art and literature. 
The concluding part of the lecture 
consisted of an exhibition of the 
artists' masterpieces, selected from his 
Umbrian, Florentine and Roman peri- 
ods. Upwards of a hundred lantern 
slides were used in illustration, many 
of them being of great beauty and 
rarity. 

The relations existing between 
French painting and sculpture on the 
one hand and French literature on the 
other, particularly during the nine- 
teenth century, were the subject of two 
illustrated lectures by Professor Squair 
on March 14th and March 21st. The 
lectures form part of the regular 
course in French literature to students 
of the fourth year in Arts, but they 



were open to the general body of 
students and to the public as well, and 
fairly large audiences were present on 
each occasion. 

The lecturer began with the earliest 
known specimens of French painting 
and sculpture belonging to the Middle 1 
Ages. Representations of the mural 
paintings of the church of St. Savin 
in Poitou, as well as sculpture from 
the cathedrals of Chartres and Amiens, 
showed French art in its beginnings. 
It was then traced down through the 
stained glass windows and illuminated 
manuscripts of the later Middle Ages 
to the paintings and sculpture of the 
Renaissance, the work of such men as 
the Clouets and Jean Goujon. Then 
followed an outline of the Classical 
period, illustrated by the works of 
Poussin, Claude, Le Brun and 
Coysevox. The dainty landscapes and 
sentimental figure paintings of 
Watteau, Pater, Greuze, etc., in their 
relations to the writers of the time, 
such as Marivaux, Florian, Diderot, 
etc., were next treated. The important 
groups of the nineteenth century also 
received attention: the Classical school 
of David; the group of Romantics, such 
as Gericault, Delacroix and Rude; the 
Realists, such as Courbet and Barye; 
and the less easily characterized 
successors of these, such as Manet, 
Monet, Puvis del Chavannes, Rodin, 
etc., in their relations to writers 
like Delille, Hugo, Flaubert, Zola, 
Leconte de Lisle, etc. 

NEWS FROM THE CLASSES. 
The personal news is compiled from information 
furnished by the Secretary of the University of Toronto 
Alumni Association, and by the Secretaries of local 
organizations, and from other reliable sources. The 
value of this department might be greatly enhanced 
if University of Toronto men everywhere would con- 
tribute to it. The correction of any error will be 
gratefully received by the Secretary of the Alumni 
Association 

Graduates in Arts, 1893. 
F. B. Allan, jM.A., Ph.D., is Demon- 
strator in Chemistry in the University 
of Toronto, Toronto. G. R. Anderson, 
M.A., is Lecture- Assistant in Physics 
in the University of Toronto, Toronto. 
Wm. H. K. Anderson, B.A., M.B., is 
a physician in the Quarantine office in 

Vancouver, B.C. W. G. Armstrong, 

M.A., is a teachet in Hamilton. Ont. 

Miss Jeanie Balmer, B.A. (Ob). 

A. Beatty, B.A., is a lecturer in the 
University of Wisconsin, Madison, 
Wis., U.S.A. A. G. Bell, B.A., is in 



T01IONTONENS1A 



169 



Balmoral, Man. Rev. T. A. Bell, 

B.A., is a Presbyterian clergyman in 
Napier, Ont. -A. T. Boles, B.A., is 
a barrister in Leamington, Ont; j. 

C. Breckenridge, B.A., is a book-keeper 

in Toronto. A. H Brown, B.A., ia 

a Methodist clergyman in Belgrave, 
Ont. A. L. Budge, M.A., is a Pres- 
byterian clergyman in Mandamin, Ont. 

A. H. Burns, B.A. (Ob). E. S. 

Burton, B.A., is a secretary in Toronto. 

A. W. Connor, B.A., is a drafts- 
man in Hamilton, Ont. J. H. 

Ccrnyn, B.A., is a teacher in Mexico 

J. A. Cranston, M.A., is a Pres- 
byterian clergyman in Rockwood, Ont. 

W. McC. Davidson, B.A., is a re- 
porter for the'" Star " in Toronto. 
R. M. P. Davies, B.A., is an Anglican 
clergyman in Ingoldesthorpe, Brom- 
ley, Kent, Eng. D. R. Dobie, B.A., 

is living in Owen Sound, Ont. J. A. 

Dow, B.A., is a Presbyterian clergy- 
man in Gravenhurst, Ont. H. L. 

Dundas, B.A., is living in Deer Park, 
Toronto. B. A. Elzas, B.A., is liv- 
ing in Charleston, South Carolina, U. 
S.A. J. F. Evans, B.A., is a Pres- 
byterian clergyman at Knox College, 

Toronto. G. S. Faircloth, B.A., is a 

Methodist clergyman in Michipicoten, 

Ont. Miss E. C. Fleming is a teacher 

at Niagara Falls, Ont. D. E. Gal- 

braith, B.A., is living in St. Thomas, 
Ont. W. Gillespie, B.A., is instruc- 
tor in Mathematics in Princeton, N.J., 

U.S.A. J. M. H. Gillies, B.A., M.B., 

is a physician in Teeswater, Ont. 

D. A. Glassey, B.A., is a teacher in 

St. Mary's Ont. M. M. Hart, M.A., 

is a teacher in Dickinson Seminary, 

Williamsport, Pa., U.S.A. F. B. R. 

Hellems, B.A., is a lecturer in the 
University of Colorado, Boulder, Col., 
U.S.A. E. A. Henry, B.A., is a Pres- 
byterian clergyman in Brandon, Man. 

E. B. Home, M.A., is a Presbyter- 
ian clergyman in Brantford, Ont. 

J. L. Island, B.A., is a barrister in 

Orangeville, Ont. R. S. Jenkins, M. 

A., is a teacher in Collingwood, Ont. 

Miss Mary Johnston. M.A., is a 

teacher in New York. W. W. Jones, 

B.A., M.B., is a physician in Birming- 
ham, England. H. R. H. Kenner, B.A., 

is a teacher in Peterborough, Ont. 

J. F. Kilgour, B.A.. is a barrister in 

Brandon. Man. W. B. Lane 1 , M.A., 

is professor of Philosophy in Mount 
Union College, Alliance, Ohio. E. F. 



Lazier, B.A., is a barrister in Hamil- 
ton, Ont. Mrs. J. A. MacVannel, 

B.A. (Miss A. Lindsay), is living 

in Brooklyn, N.Y. G. H. Ling, 

B.A., is in the department of 
Mathematics in the Columbia Uni- 
versity, New York City.; G. K 

Mabee, B.A., is a teacher in Roswell, 

New Mexico. W. i. .Montgomery, 

B.A. (Ob). H. A. Moore, B.A., is 

in the employ of the Canadian Gen- 
eral Electric Company, Toronto, ^nt. 
I. E. Moore, B.A., is a teacher in 

Rothesay, N.B. L. A. Moore, B.A. 

(Ob). G. More, M.A., is a physician 

in Hawkesville, ,Ont J. D. Mor- 
rison, B.A., is a Presbyterian clergy- 
man in Bristol, Que. J. D. Morrow, 

B.A., is a teacher in Glencoe, Ont. 

W. J. Motz, B.A., is proprietor of the 

" Berliner Journal," Berlin, Ont. 

R. G. Murison, M.A., is Lecturer on 
Oriental Literature in University 

College, Toronto. R. J. Murphy, 

B.A., is an Anglican clergyman in 

Eastwood, Ont. J. L. McDougall, 

B.A.', is a barrister in Ottawa, Ont. 

Neil McDougall, B.A., is a teacher in 

Parkhill, Ont. H. S. McKellar, B.A., 

is a teacher in Owen Sound, Ont. P. 

E. S. Mackenzie, B.A., LL.B., is a bar- 
rister in Rat Portage, Ont. G. V. 

Maclean, M.A., is a teacher in Harris- 
ton, Ont. S. F. MacLennon, B.A., is 
lecturer on Psychology in Oberlin Col- 
lege, Oberlin, U.S.A. J. A. MacVan- 

nel, M.A., is a professor of Philosophy 
at the Columbia University, New York, 

U.S.A. J. T. O'Brien, B.A. (Ob). 

L. V. O'Connor, B.A., is a barrister in 

Lindsay, Ont. G. W. Orton, B.A., is 

a lecturer in Eastbourne Academy, 

Philadelphia, Pa. W. R. P. Parker, 

B.A., is a barrister in Toronto. 

Miss Ruth Patterson is a teacher 

in Gravenhurst, Ont. P. J. Pett- 

inger, B.A., is a Presbyterian clergy- 
man at Princeton, Ont. C. B. 

Pratt, B.A., is a barrister in Ottawa, 

Ont. R. Reid, B.A., is a teachei 

in Ridgetown, Ont J. B. Reynolds, 

B.A., is professor of Physics in 
the " O. A. C.," Guelph, Ont. 
S. J. Robertson, B.A., is an editor, 

University of Toronto, Toronto. 

H. S. Rosenear, B.A., A.M., is a 
teacher in Perth, Ont. H. E. Samp- 
son, B.A., LL.B., is a barrister in Owen 

Sound, Ont J. A. Scellen, B.A., 

LL.B., is a barrister in Berlin, Ont 



170 



UNIVERSITY OF TORONTO MONTHLY 



J. D. Shaw, B.A., is a barrister In 

Rodney, Ont. S. S. Silcox, B.A., B. 

Paed., is a teacher in St. Thomas, Ont. 

Miss C. Smith, B.A., is a teacher 

in Toronto. O. J. Stevenson, M.A., 

is a teacher in St. Thomas, Ont. R. 

S. Strath, B.A., is a teacher in Toronto. 

F. A. Stuart, B.A., is a teacher in 

Lucan, Ont. Mrs. J. McGillivray, 

B.A. (Miss N. S. Telfer), is living in 
Toronto.- T J. M. Warren, B.A., is a 

teacher in Brampton, Ont. W. J. 

West, M.A.. is a Presbyterian clergy- 
man in Bluevale, Ont. S. Whaley, 

B.A., is a Presbyterian clergyman 

in St. Helen's, Ont. P. White, B.A., 

is a barrister in Pembroke, Ont. 

Mrs. W. S. Pearcy, B.A. (Miss W. 

Wickham), is living in Nelson, B.C. 
P. B. Wilson, B.A., LLB., is a bar- 
rister in Nelson, B.C. 

The addresses of the following are 

unknown: L. F. Anderson, B.A. 

A. B. Gushing, B.A. John Douglas, 

B^A. J. Green, B.A. Miss B. A. 

Hill, B.A. G. Leach, B.A. G. E. 

Lougheed, B.A. K. W. Mackenzie, 

B.A. Miss L. D. Parkinson, B.A. 

R. H. Walks, B.A. C. R. Wil- 
liamson, B.A. 

Graduates in Medicine, 1886. 

R. M. Bateman, M.D., Is a physician 

in dickering, Ont. G. M. Brodie, M. 

D., is a physician in Claremont, Ont. 

E. Bromley, M.D., is a physician 

in Bright, Ont. J. F. Campbell, M. 

D., is a physician in Chicago, HI. 

J. A. Carbert, M.D., is a physician in 

Grand Rapids, Mich. U.S.A. J. C. 

Carlyle, M.B., is a physician, 235 Sea- 
ton St., Toronto. J. Caven, M.D., is 

a physician, 34 Carlton St., Toronto. 

W. P. Caven, M.B., is a physician, 

70 Gerrard St., E., Toronto. G. R. 

Cruickshank, M.D., is a physician in 

Windsor, Ont. C. R. Cuthbertsson, 

M.D., is a physician, 24 Wilton Cres., 
Toronto. W. Dow, M.D., is a physi- 
cian in La Junta, Col., U.S.A. W. G. 

Dow, M.D., is a physician in Owen 

Sound, Ont. H. E. Drummond, M.B. 

(Ob.) D. Dunton, M.D., is a physi- 
cian in Paris, Ont. W. M. English, 

M.D., is a physician 688 Dundas St., 
London, Ont. E. C. Eschelby, M.D., 
is a physician in St. Paul, Minn., U. 
S.A. J. M. Forster, M.D., is a physi- 
cian in Kingston, Ont. 0. I. Grain, 

M.D., is a physician in Selkirk, Man. 



W. D. Green, M.D., is a physician 

in Los Angeles, Cal., U.S.A. J. A. 
Harvie, M.D., is a physician in Cold- 
water, Ont. A. O. Hastings, M.D., 

is a physician, 594 Sherbourne St., 

Toronto. W. C. Heggie, M.D., is a 

physician, llt> Dovercourt Road, To- 
ronto. R. Hilliar, M.D., is a physi- 
cian in Leamington, Ont. C. A. 

Hodgetts, M.D., is a physician, 189 
College St., Toronto. W. B. Hopkins. 
MD., is a physician in Marshville, 

Ont. G. Hunt, M.D., is a physician 

in New Lowell, Ont. D. R. John- 
ston, M.B. TOb.) S. J. Jones, M.D., 

is a physician in Mount Hope, Ont. 

A. P. Knight, M.D., is professor in 
Biology in Queen's University, Kings- 
ton, Ont. J. Leeming, M.D., is a 

physician, Indiana Ave., Chicago, 111., 
U.S.A. W. J. Logie, M.D., is a phy- 
sician in Paris, Ont. J. Macoun, 

M.B., is a physician in Campbellford, 

Ont. J. W. Mustard, B.A., M.B., is 

a physician in Cleveland, O., U.S.A. 

J. M. McCallum, B.A., M.D., C.M., is a 
physician, 13 Bloor St. W., Toronto. 

D. McKenzie, M.B., is a physician 

in Dromore, Ont. J. M. Nairn, 

M.D., is a physician in Elora, 
Ont. C. T. Noecker, M.B., is a physi- 
cian in Waterloo, Ont. S. G. Par- 
ker, M.B., is a physician, 539 Sher- 
bourne St., Toronto. J. W. Peaker, 

M.B., is a physician, 157 Bal:hurst St., 

Toronto. G. A. Peters, M.B., is a 

physician, 102 College St., Toronto 

J. Rae, M.D. (Ob). W. A. Richard- 
son, M.B., is' a physician in Kamloops, 
B.C. A. B. Riddell, M.D., Is a phy- 
sician in Bayham. Ont. G. Sanson f 

M.D.. is a physician in Clinton, B.C. 

W. B. Thistle, M.D., is a physician, 

171 College St., Toronto. A. It: 

Tracy, M.D., is a physician in Holy- 

oke. Mass. W. R. Watson, M.D., is 

a physician in Burgessville, Ont. O. 

Weld, B.A., M.B., is a physician in 

Vancouver, B.C. S. West, M.D., is 

a physician in Angus, Ont. R. J. 

Wilson, M.D., is a physician, 20 Bloor 

St. W., Toronto. R. J. Wood, M.D., 

COM. W. A. Young, M.D., is a phy- 
sician, 145 College St., Toronto. 

The addresses of the following are 
unknown: Nathaniel Aikens, M.D. 

W. H. Fox, M.D. W. J. Fox, M.D. 

G. McDiarmid, M.D. T. J. Mc- 
Donald, M.D. T. McEwen, M.D. 

A. S. Thompson, M.B. 



TORONTONENS1A 



171 



Graduates of School of Practical 
Science, 1893. 

A. G. Ardagh is on the staff of Divi- 
sion Engineers, C.P.R., at Toronto, 

Ont. H. F. Ballantyne, B.A.Sc., is 

with Ballantyne & Evans, engineers 
and architects, 20 Nassau St., New 

York, N.Y. G. L. Brown, O.L.b., is 

County engineer for Dundas, Stor- 
mont and Glengarry, Morrisburg, Ont. 

L. C. Charlesworth is Government 

Agent of Mining Lands, Rat Portage, 
Ont. T. H. Dunn is a Civil Engin- 
eer at Fresno, Cal. J. M. R. Fair- 
burn, O.L.S., is assistant engineer on 
the Trent Valley Canal, Beaverton, 

Ont. W. Fingland is an architect, 

residing at 39 Caryl Ave., Yonkers, 

N.Y. C. Forester is residing in 

Toronto, Ont. W. J. Francis, A.iM. 

Can. Soc. C.E., is division engineer 
on the Trent Canal, Peterboro, Ont. 

A. R. Goldie is manager of 

the Goldie & McCulloch Engine 

Works, Gait, Ont. S. C. Hanly is a 

mechanical engineer at Midland, Ont. 
J. Keele, B.A.Sc., is 1 with the Geo- 
logical Survey, Ottawa, Ont. J. T. 

Laidlaw, B.A.Sc., M.E., is a con- 
sulting mining engineer at Fort Steele, 
B.C. F. L. Lash is an electrical en- 
gineer at Batavia, Java. A. L. Mc- 
Allister, B.A.Sc., is with the New Jer- 
sey Steel & Iron Co., Trenton, N.J. 
T. J. McFarlen is chief chemist of 
the Nova Scotia Steel Co., Ferrona, 

N.S. A. J. McPherson, B.A.Sc., 

D.L.S., is town engineer of Brockville, 

Ont. A. F. Macallum, B.A.Sc., is 

engineer for the Hamilton, Grimsby 
and Beamsville Ry., 367 Wellesley St., 
Toronto. W. T. Main is a civil en- 
gineer, Brampton, Ont. V. G. Mar- 

ani is assistant engineer for the Cleve- 
land Gas, Light and Coke Co., Cleve- 
land, O., U.S.A. W. Mines, B.A.Sc., 
is with the Brown Hoisting Co., Cleve- 
land, O. J. M. Robertson is engin- 
eer for the Chambly Electric Works, 
Chambly, P.Q. R. Russel is con- 
tractor's engineer on 'the Inverness & 

Richmond Ry., Port Hood, N.S. F. 

N Speller, B.A.Sc., is mining engineer 
in charge of the Ontario Mining Ex- 
hibit, Pan-American Exposition, Buf- 
falo, N.Y.; his address is cf. Bureau 

of Mines, Toronto. R. H. Squire, B. 

A.Sc., O.L.S., is an engineer and sur- 
veyor, Brant Chambers, Brantford, 
Ont. W. V. Taylor is on the engin- 



eer's staff C.P.R., Winnipeg, Man. 

R. B. Watson is a mining engineer 
at Dawson, Y.T. 

Personals. 

Every alumnus of the University of Toronto is in- 
vited to send to the Editor items of interest for 
insertion in this department News of a personal 
nature about any alumnus will be gladly received. 

A. L. McCredie, B.A. '01, is in busi- 
ness in Glasgow, Scotland. 

G. I. Riddell, B.A. '83, is living at 
74 St. George St., Toronto. 

W. T. Francis, B.A. '57, M.A. '58, 
M.15. '59, of Gore Bay, Ont., is dead. 

Gordon Hunter, B.A. '85, has been 
made Chief Justice of the Supreme 
Court of British Columbia. 

D. Whyte, B.A. '99, has been ap- 
pointed science master in the col- 
legiate institute, Owen Sound, Ont. 

W. W. Jones, B.A. '93, M.B. '96, is 
studying in the London hospitals. 
His address is, 17 Torrington Sq., 
London, Eng. 

R. J. Wilson, B.A. '00, M.A. '01, 
Knox College, will' occupy the pulpit 
of Knox Church, Woodstock, Ont., 
during the summer. 

H. T. J. Coleman, B.A. '01, is princi- 
pal of the high school in Spokane, 
Wash. Norman F. Coleman, B.A. '00, 
is also on the staff. 

The Rev. M. McGregor, B.A. '78, M.A. 
'81, lias "removed from Toronto to 
Winnipeg, where he is in charge of the 
branch office of the " Westminster." 

H. F. Ballantyne, B.A.Sc. '93, is now" 
a director and treasurer of the well 
known publishing house of D. Apple- 
ton & Co., 72 5th Avenue, New York. 

J. R. Lancaster, M.B. '95, who has 
been practising in Tflsonburg, Ont., 
is now on the resident staff of the 
Grace Hospital for Sick Children. To- 
ronto. 

W. A. MacKinnon, B.A. '97, of the 
Agricultural Department, Ottawa, has 
pone to England to represent the 
Department as inspector of Canadian 
Fruits. 

A. E. Kemp, M.P., has been elected 
to fill the vacancy in the Board of 
Regents of Victoria University, caused 
>>v the death of the late James H. 
Beatty. 

H. F. Brethour, M.B. '99, is practis- 
ing in Hamilton, Montana, where he 
is physician to the county, to the 
local railway and to an important 
corporation. 



172 



UNIVERSITY OF TORONTO MONTHLY 



T. A. Russell, B.A. '99, has resigned 
the position of secretary of the Cana- 
dian Manufacturers' Association to 
become manager of the Canadian 
uycie and Motor Company. 

Angus MacMurchy, B.A. '82, solici- 
tor in Toronto for the Canadian Paci- 
fic Railway, recently delivered a lec- 
ture before the Engineering Society 
of the School of Practical Science on 
Engineering Law. 

L. Woolverton, B.A. '69, M.A. '70, is 
editor of the Canadian Horticulturist, 
and lives at Grimsby, Ont. He is 
also secretary of the Ontario Fruit 
Experimental Stations, wnich are con- 
ducted by the Ontario Department of 
Agriculture. 

L. H. Tasker, B.A. '97, M.A. ,'98, 
LL.B., principal of the high school at 
Almonte, Ont., has been appointed to 
a position in the DeWitt Clinton hign 
school, New York. Mr. Tasker form- 
erly taught in the high schools at Til- 
sonburg and Niagara Falls. 

The address of J. Campbell, B.A. 
'49, is unknown. He was practising 
as .a civil engineer and went to Cen- 
tral America in* connection with the 
building of the Panama Railway in 
1849; he afterwards went to Austra- 
lia and to New Zealand. 

A correspondent in the State of 
Washington writes of the progress 
which is being made by the univer- 
sity of Idaho, at Lewiston, Id., under 
the presidency of J. A. McLean, B.A. 
5 92. A united governing body, and a 
harmonious and active faculty char- 
acterize the new administration. 

J. L. McPherson, B.A. '01, who 
has been General Secretary of the 
University College Y. M. C. A., during 
the past year, has been appointed by 
the Provincial Y. ,M. C. A. commit- 
tee as College Secretary for Ontario 
and Quebec, and travelling Secretary 
of the Canadian Colleges' Missions. 

W. Smith, B.A. '83, who has re- 
cently been appointed secretary to 
the Postmaster-General, has been en- 
gaged since July last in re-organiz- 
ing the mail route system of New- 
foundland, the Dominion Government 
having placed his services at the dis- 
posal of the Government of New- 
foundland for this purpose. 

The American jMedico-Psychological 
Association will hold its fifty-eighth 
annual meeting in Montreal on the 



17th, 18th, 19th, and" 20th of June, 
the headquarters of the association 
being the Windsor Hotel. The chair- 
man of the Committee of Arrange- 
ments is T. J. W. Burgess, M.B. '70, 
Superintendent of the Protestant 
Hospital for the Insane, Montreal. 

J. A. McLellan, B.A. '62, M.A. '63, 
LL.D., principal of the Normal Col- 
lege, Hamilton, Ont, and Mrs. McLel- 
lan, recently celebrated the fiftieth 
anniversary of their marriage. Pre- 
sent and former students of the Nor- 
mal College presented Dr. McLellan 
with a purse of gold. A very large 
number of gifts were also received by 
Dr. and Mrs. McLellan from their 
many friends. 

Louis J. A. Macdonell, B.A. '92, 
died in Aguas Calientes, Mexico, on 
Dec. 1st, 1901. Shortly after gradu- 
ating he sought the mild climate of 
Mexico, and spent a year in Chihua- 
hua. He then settled in Aguas 
Calientes, where he remained till his 
death. He taught Moderns and Clas- 
sics in Aguas Calientes, and greatly 
endeared himself to every one, as is 
shown by the erection of a beautiful' 
monument over his grave by the citf- 
zens of the town. 

David Bemis, B.A. '65, M.A. '66, died 
very suddenly at his ranch near Spo- 
kane, Wash., Feb. 17th, 1902. He was 
one of the leaders in educational work 
in the Western States, and since 1889 
had been superintendent of schools in 
Spokane. After graduation, he spent 
four years in Clinton, Mich., as super- 
intendent of schools, and after teach- 
ing a short time in Birmingham, 
Mich., he became superintendent of 
schools in Coldwater, Mich., and later 
occupied, the same position in Mams- 
tee, Mich., and Fort Scott, Kan., from 
which last position he went to Spo- 
kane. He was president of the 
Teachers' Association for the State of 
Washington. 



Deaths. 

D. Bemis, B.A. '65, M.A. '66, died 
suddenly at Spokane, Washington, 
Feb. 17th, 1902. 

Louis J. A. MacdoneR, B.A. '92, died 
of pneumonia, at Aguas Calientes, 
Mexico, Dec. 1st, 1902. 

J. A. Fife, B.A. '86, M.D. '68, died 
in Peterborough, where he had been 
practising for many years, on Feb. 
12th, 1902. 



THE CABSWKLL COMPANY, LIMITED, PRINTERS 




WILLIAM THOMAS AIK1NS, M.D., LL.D. 
Late Professor of Surgery in the University of Toronto, 



THE 



UNIVERSITY OF TORONTO MONTHLY 



VOL. II. 



APRIL, 1902. 



TABLE OF CONTENTS. 



.NO. 7, 



? W. T. Aikins, M.D., LL.D., By Dr 

F. N. G. Starr . 173 
The Johns Hopkins University Cele- 
bration, By Professor Macallum ]76 
C Sir Daniel Wilson as an Artist, By 

W. A . Langton, Esq. - - 180 

O Hellenism, By Principal Hutton - 183 
Torontonensia : 

Alumni Dinner - - 192 

Engineering Society 192 

Athletics - - 192 
University of Toronto Union 

Annual Meeting - - - 192 

Memorial Tablet - - - 193 

Recent Faculty Publications - 193 



PAGR 

Recent Alumni Publications - 193 
Examinations in Music - - 191 
The Alumnae Association - 194 
Brant County Alumni Associa- 
tion 194 

Kent County Alumni Associa- 
tion - ' - - - 194 
Graduates in Medicine, 1896 - 195 

of the School of Practi- 
cal Science, 1894-5 - 195 
Reunion of the Class of '87 196 
Personals ... 196 
Honorary Degrees - - 200 
Marriages 200 
Deaths - 200 



DK. WILLIAM THOMAS AIKINS. 

BY F. N. G. STARR, M.B. 

WILLIAM THOMAS AIKINS, M.D., LL.D., the father 
of Dr. H. Wilberforce Aikins, Associate-Professor of 
Anatomy in the University of Toronto, was born at Burnham- 
thorpe, Ontario, in 1827. He pursued his Medical course at 
Jefferson Medical College, Philadelphia, where he graduated with 
high honours. Beginning practice in Toronto, he became a 
lecturer in the Rolph School of Medicine in 1850, and in 
the Toronto School of Medicine, in 1856. For twenty 
years he was the esteemed president of that School, and when, in 
1887, the University of Toronto absoibed its members in the 
new Medical Faculty, he was made Dean, and deservedly so, for he 
had entered heart and soul into the negotiations, believing that 
while the absorption of the School meant a financial loss to him- 
self, it promised much for the progress of Medicine in the Pro- 
vince of Ontario. I may say his most sanguine hopes have been 
realized, and were he living to-day it would be gratifying to him to 
know that * v 's Faculty is now one of the most progressive on the 



174 UNIVERSITY OF TORONTO MONTHLY 

continent, and that because of its advance, Medicine is better 
taught in other institutions than it would have been without this 
stimulus. 

Both in the Toronto School of Medicine and in the University 
of Toronto he held the position of Professor of Surgery, and for 
many years he was looked upon as one of the ablest surgeons on 
the continent. As a teacher of the practice of Surgery he, had no 
superior; his style was impressive, his advice good, and his methods 
of demonstration were always practical. 

As a clinical teacher Professor Aikins was unequalled in this 
country, deserving to be ranked in the same class with Hughes- 
Bennett and Murchison. As a juris consult he was concerned in 
nearly all the important medico-legal cases of his day, in whch his 
wide knowledge of medicine and of human nature always showed 
to advantage. His manner in the witness box was calm and 
judicial, and his opinion always commanded the attention, con- 
fidence and respect alike of judge and jury. 

Dr. Aikins maintained his flexibility and adaptability until late 
in life, and, although for so many years an able exponent of the 
older Surgery, he became, soon after the introduction of "Lis- 
terism," an ardent and zealous advocate of the new, whereby his 
former wide experience was so much enlarged. Despite the fact 
that medical literature was never enriched by contributions from 
his pen, he, though dead, yet speaketh to us, in the proper practice 
of his pupils, and in the treasured traditions of those he taught. 
\ ^ Associated with him as I was for nearly two years as a student 
\in his office and " soop " at the old School, I learned to love him as 
1 would a father, and to respect greatly his ability as a surgeon, 
\id as thei years rolled on this respect grew ever more. As I 
re-member him he was thoughtful and generous, high-minded and 
noble, kind and unselfish. Many were the things done for the poor 
and the afflicted about which nobody knew. One of the things 
that pleased him most was to hear of one of his boys having done 
some new and difficult operation as many were then doing for 
antiseptic surgery was yet in its infancy and great things were 
happening daily. 

He devised and used the hoop-iron splint for fractures of the 

umerus. He invented an excellent fracture bed; he devised the 

use of rubber tubing for the continuous application of cold 

lany years before Leiter described it; in operations necessitating 

the loss of a large amount of blood he used circular tourniquets on 

the extremities as "blood savers "; he never wearied of advo- 



DR. WILLIAM THOMAS AIKINS. 175 

\ 

eating " elevation " in the treatment of hemorrhage and of in- 
flammation, and was an ardent advocate of a plentiful supply of 
fresh air in the treatment of all cases, and the local application of 
sunlight, which has developed into modern phototherapy. Many 
years ago now, he saw a case of consumption with a former pupil, 
the late Dr. Sweetnam, and walking to the window he looked out 
upon the flat roof and suggested the erection of a tent there for 
the patient to occupy for the rest of the winter. The friends of 
the patient afterward confidentially asked Dr. Sweetnam if Aikins 
was " all there," This will readily demonstrate how far in 
advance of his time he was, for now the tent and open air treat- 
ment is recognized as being the only safe plan in such cases, and 
phototherapy is working wonders. He performed osteoplastic 
amputation at the knee-joint- some years before Gritti in 1858 
described it, and was the first man in Canada to adopt Lister's views 
and practice antiseptic surgery. In the carrying out of antiseptic 
methods, as one may imagine, he met with much opposition and 
even with dishonest and underhand treatment, in so far that one 
man who shall be nameless and may he rest in nameless grave 
would go to his cases after their removal to the ward and infect 
the clean wounds with pus taken from other cases. 

He took an active part in the formation of the Ontario Medical 
Council, and was its treasurer from the time of its organization 
until his death. He attended the inaugural meeting of the 
Canadian Medical Association in 1867. From 1850 to 1880 he 
was Surgeon to the Toronto General Hospital; for many years he 
was Surgeon to the Central Prison, where when making his daily 
rounds he dropped here and there a kindly word or a thoughtful 
suggestion which I have no doubt would often sink deep into the 
roind of the convict and make it easier for him to lead a better life. 
] have known these people to call upon him when their time ex- 
pired, and he would help them to a fresh start in life. 

In politics he was a Liberal of the old School not one of the 
new kind about which we hear now-a-days. In religion he was a 
Methodist, and for many years was a large contributor to the 
various connectional funds of that body through the Metropolitan 
Church, Toronto. 

After a lingering illness he passed away on May 24th, 1897. 

Dr. Aikins was twice married, and was survived by Mrs. Aikins 
and seven children, four sons and three daughters; of these three 
of the sons are graduates of the University, as well as Dr. Will, who 
died some years before his father. 



176 UNIVERSITY OF TORONTO MONTHLY 

THE JOHNS HOPKINS UNIVERSITY CELEBRATION. 

BY A. B. MACALLUM, M.A., M.B., PH. D. 

THIS is the day of jubilees, centenaries, duo-centenaries, tercen- 
tenaries and even of a millenary, to mark time in the history 
of a seat of learning, a dynasty or a kingdom. Each means a pause to 
view the past in perspective, to add reflection to tradition and ex- 
perience, and also, and chiefly, to rekindle ardour and enthusiasm, 
to promote higher ideals and to stimulate more vigorous and 
sustained efforts for them in the years to come. This is the justifi- 
cation of an historic "celebration," which is too often looked on 
only as a species of self-glorification, while the deeper meaning of 
the occasion, which may be a powerful factor in human progress, 
may not be comprehended at all by the onlooker and critic. 

This also is the justification for the latest celebration which was 
held in Baltimore on the 21st and 22nd day of February last. 
On that occasion the Johns Hopkins University took stock of its 
past and endeavoured to scan its future. 

The event was certainly more than of ordinary interest even for 
University celebration. The institution had, it is true, only just 
reached the semi- jubilee stage of its history. It had therefore no 
past behind it like Bologna, Oxford, Harvard or Yale. It had 
none of those traditions which always bring veneration in their 
train. It could boast of no associations with kings, princes, knights 
or dames, nor could it trace its origin to any spiritual power. 
Its founder was a simple citizen of Baltimore, wealthy indeed, but 
scarcely known outside of that city, except, perhaps, for his wealth, 
whose will at his death in 1873 was found to contain a clause 
enjoining the establishment of a University and a Hospital, both to 
be associated together for the good of mankind. That was its 
origin, and it could not be simpler or more prosaic. Further, 
its twenty-five years of existence were but a span as placed against 
the seven centuries of Oxford. It almost seems absurd to make 
the comparison. But what the Johns Hopkins University lacked 
ir age it made up in service to American scholarship and higher 
education. ^ In those few years it completely reformed American 
university ideals, and it developed the higher university work on 
this continent to a degree that no other university succeeded in 
doing. If Johns Hopkins were now to cease to exist it would be 
recalled for centuries as a university of a day that had performed 
the work of an age. 

It is interesting to go back to the foundation of the University. 
There was a tradition current when I was a student at Johns 
Hopkins that the trustees had in view the establishment of a large 



JOHNS HOPKINS UNIVERSITY CELEBRATION. 177 

boys' school, and that Dr. Oilman, who was selected as President, 
persuaded them otherwise. In Dr. Oilman's valedictory this tradi- 
tion was disposed of. It would appear that the trustees who had 
been nameid in the founder's will went deliberately about their 
duties, and, as we now must concede, with rare wisdom and discre- 
tion. What they did we are told by President Oilman. They held 
lengthy consultations with President Eliot of Harvard, President 
Andrew D. White of Cornell, now American Ambassador in 
Berlin, and President Angell of the University of Michigan. 
They went on journeys to Harvard, /Yale, Cornell, Ajin Arbor, to 
learn for themselves, at first hand, what the University question 
then was, and having appreciated it they looked about for an ex- 
ponent of their views in the office of President of the University 
to be. Their choice, perhaps directed by the advice of the three 
Presidents named, fell on Dr. Oilman, who was then President of 
the University of California, and who assumed the duties of the 
office in 1875. The inauguration day was in the next year, and on 
February 22nd, Washington's birthday, when public announce- 
ment of the foundation of the University was made in the 
address of the President, The proper work of the University began 
on September 12th of that year. The opening ceremony was sim- 
plicity itself, and included only an address by Huxley. 

The University thus simply inaugurated went on its course just 
as simply. Eschewing mound-building, the authorities converted 
dwelling houses into lecture rooms and laboratories, until the needs 
of the various classes rendered the erection of more suitable build- 
ings necessary. The physical laboratory was at first in the kitchen 
of a dwelling house, while the bedrooms of the same building 
served as the biological laboratory. The organization of the staff 
was completed only after the most careful consideration of avail- 
able men for the various posts. The best men were in every case 
sppointed. They were then perhaps not the most widely known or 
regarded as the leading exponents of their subjects, but on look- 
ing back on the last twenty-five years of the University's history it 
T/ould be difficult to indicate any particular department and say: 
"Here better could have been done." President Oilman has 
shown a wonderful c'apacity in the selection of his staff. Many of 
those appointed were young men who were "discovered." Row- 
land, whose name is a household word in Physics, was an assistant 
instructor in the Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute when Dr. Oil- 
man interviewed him on the question of appointment to the Johns 
Hopkins University. Martin, who gave such an impetus to the 
study of Biology in America, was a teacher and examiner in the 
South Kensington Science Department, and was recommended for 



178 UNIVERSITY OF TORONTO MONTHLY 

the post by Huxley. These, with Gildersleeve, Morris, Sylvester, 
snd Kemsen, constituted a staff that would have made any univer- 
sity in the world famous. Later came Adams, Haupt, Newcombe, 
Stanley Hall and Brooks, all illustrious because of the services 
they have rendered to their departments of knowledge. Other 
leaders in their field of thought and work were secured for courses 
of lectures at various times, and among these were Kelvin, Cayley, 
Von Holtz, Freeman and James Kussel Lowell. 

In order to give the University work a start and to attract 
brilliant students to Baltimore, a system of fellowships was in- 
stituted which, awarded for scholarship and attainments, enabled 
the recipients to pursue the study or investigation of their subjects 
on the most favourable conditions. Within four years after the 
inauguration of the University there were in every department a 
chosen and select band of students who, filled with enthusiasm and 
stimulated by inspiring teachers, began the work of research which 
the great majority of them still carry on in the spirit they then 
acquired. 

Ill these and others who were not holders of fellowships and 
scholarships were students in the post-graduate courses, and the 
majority of them were proceeding to the higher Uni- 
versity degree, the Doctorate of Philosophy. These courses 
were new, at least, for America. In 1876 there were 
but a few institutions on this continent offering post- 
graduate courses of instruction, and these did not call for re- 
search, but merely for study of the " book knowledge " variety of 
a slightly more advanced character than that required for the 
Bachelor of Arts degree. Harvard had, indeed, a few years earlier 
laid down courses of study for the higher degree, but they remained 
a dead letter, and it was only in 188 6- 7 that that University, 
"shown the way" by the Johns Hopkins University, as President 
Eliot put it, reorganized those courses and entered definitely on the 
higher University work, about sixty years after Professor Ticknor 
had pointed out that this was its proper sphere of action. In 1875 
there were only about 400 post-graduates students in all the 
Universities of the United States, and less than 200 American 
students in the German Universities. The work that Johns 
Hopkins has done in the last twenty-five years may be estimated 
by the fact that there are to-day over 6,000 students in the post- 
graduate courses in the Universities of the United States. There 
are forty-five institutions in the Union which are to-day giving 
post-graduate courses, requiring research, for the degree of Doctor 
of Philosophy, and all this also is due to the example of Johns 
Hopkins. 



JOHNS HOPKINS UNIVERSITY CELEBRATION. 179 

It was not only in the ranks of the students that the new idea 
of a university was fostered. The rostrum had to be inspired by it. 
The very care in the selection of the teachers that they should be 
men of research, leaders in their own department, advancing know- 
ledge by observation, experiment and critical study, provided 
securely that the staff should be in every case constantly engaged 
in the advancement of knowledge. That also was a new feature. 
The appointments to professorships in the various American univer- 
sities before 1880, as they are still very largely in Canadian insti- 
tutions, were dictated by other considerations than learning or the 
capacity to add to knowledge. The church, social standing, 
and political influence were the determining factors, and they 
operated often in bringing about the appointment of men who 
were so unqualified that they were able to perform their duties 
only after prolonged study in a European university. In one 
particular case of which I know, the appointee, on receiving noti- 
fication of his election to a chair, was made aware for the first time 
that there was such a subject as that which his chair comprehended. 
That system has been all changed. This reform also is due to 
Johns Hopkins. It was absurd to appoint poorly qualified meji to 
university posts when good men, who had shown themselves 
worthy, could be readily had, and eventually the graduates of 
Johns Hopkins were given the preference, with the result that all 
university appointments in the Union are now made on a totally 
different basis from that adopted a quarter of a century back. A 
little leaven leaveneth the whole lump! 

There is no doubt that the usefulness of a university to a com- 
munity depends on the ideal, and the ideal depends on the staff. 
If a low ideal is adopted and followed, then the university may be 
of service, but it falls very far short of its best effect. It may even 
be a cumberer of the ground. Everything depends on the staff. 
What the staff, therefore, should be is not a matter of question, 
at least, for those who have studied the university problem, and it 
is, therefore, important to clarify ideas on the point. For this pur- 
pose I think it well to quote from President Remsen's inaugural 
address a passage which indicates very distinctly what the univer- 
sity professor, in addition to being a large-minded man of the 
world, should be, and it is well for us in Canada to con carefully 
these words in order to be prepared to set our own house in order 
lor the day of reform which must come as inevitably as to-morrow 
will dawn: 

"The development of universities in this country has created 
a demand for a kind of professor somewhat different from that 
d emanded by the college. It would not be difficult to describe 



180 UNIVERSITY OF TORONTO MONTHLY 

the ideal university professor, but we should gain little in this 
way. I shall assume that he has the personal traits that are of 
such importance in those who are called upon to teach. A man 
of bad or questionable character, or of weak character, is no more 
fit to be a university professor than to be a college professor or a 
teacher in a school. That is self-evident. At least it seems so to 
me. Leaving these personal matters out of consideration, the first 
thing that is essential in a university professor is a thorough 
knowledge of the subject he teaches and of the methods of investi- 
gation applicable to that subject; the second is the ability to 
apply these methods to the enlargement of the field of knowledge; 
and the third is the ability to train others in the use of these 
methods. But a knowledge of the methods, the ability to apply 
them, and the ability to train others in their use, will not suffice. 
The Professor, if he is to do his duty, must actually be engaged 
in carrying on investigations both on his own account and with the 
co-operation of his most advanced students. This is fundamental." 
. . . . "Of so-called research work there are all grades. A 
man may reveal his intellectual power as well as his mental defects 
by his investigations. But it remains true that the university 
professor must be carrying on research work, or he is failing to do 
what he ought to do. It is part of his stock in trade. He can- 
not properly train his students without doing such work, and 
without helping his students to do such work. One of the best 
results of carrying on this research work is the necessary adoption 
of world standards. A man may teach his class year after year and 
gradually lose touch with others working in the same branch. 
Nothing is better calculated to keep him alive than the carrying 
on of a piece of work, and the publication of the results in some 
well-known journal. This stimulates him to his best efforts, and it 
subjects him to the criticism of those who know. He may deceive 
his students and himself no doubt he often does but he cannot 
deceive the world very long. The professor who does not show 
what he can do in the way of adding to the knowledge of the 
world, is almost sure to become provincial when he gets away from 
the influence of his leaders." 



SIR DANIEL WILSON AS AN ARTIST. 

BY W. A. LANGTON. 

SIR DANIEL WILSON was not known to many people as an 
artist, yet he was probably the most skilful amateur in Can- 
ada. The same readiness and decision in taking a full view of 



SIR DANIEL WILSON AS AN ARTIST. 181 

affairs, which distinguished him in public matters, made him a 
bold and effective sketcher, with a grasp of the composition of a 
scene that raised him head and shoulders above the ordinary ama- 
teur, and indeed above many artists. Perhaps, as the amateur sports- 
man who once competes for money, henceforth becomes profes- 
sional, Sir Daniel Wilson must be ruled out of the list of amateurs, 
inasmuch as, when he was young, supporting himself in London in 
any way that he could make his talents serve, he tried his. hand at 
engraving. The evidence of this, which may be seen hanging in the 
Librarian's room in the University Library, is a large steel engraving 
of one of Turner's paintings. Of this engraving, a copy of which 
hung in his own drawing room, Sir Daniel Wilson said it was the 
object of his ambition to engrave a Turner, and, having accomplished 
this, he stopped. He seems to have been devoted to engraving rather 
in an experimental manner than with determination to make it a 
profession, and the fact that the publishers were already supplied 
with perfect engravings of Turner, combined with the fact that 
this engraving is not so perfect, suggests the idea that his engrav- 
ings, or at any rate some of them, were undertaken as a private 
venture, produced to find a market rather than as a commission from 
the publishers. This would be quite in accordance with his energy 
and the advice he gave to an artist in his old age that it does not 
matter much what one works at so long as he is working. 

I fancy Sir Daniel Wilson's training for art was chiefly practice. 
He had the advantage of spending his youth in Edinburgh, where 
there is plenty of encitement to sketch; particularly as the old 
houses on Castle Hill were then beginning to be pulled down, and to 
their picturesque interest was added the motive, strong for a young 
man of antiquarian tastes, of preserving a record of those which 
disappeared. He sketched in many cases to get ahead of the work- 
men, and one drawing that he had of a portion of a ceiling was 
made, he said, lying on his back on a scaffold with the workmen 
at work all around him. 

His manner of rendering at this period was that of the old- 
fashioned " water-colour drawing." After the outline was made the 
shades and shadows were laid in rather dark with a neutral tint com- 
posed of French blue and brown madder, inclining to the warm side, 
and the local colour laid over this in pure washes. A reed pen put 
in the markings on this with a " crumbling " touch and the thing 
was done. It is a good rapid mode of execution, affecting general 
truths rather than particular, and well suited to the broad masses 
of buildings; but when Sir Daniel Wilson came to this country of 
diffused light and squandered masses, that are so trying to artists, he 
found it necessary to acquire a new method. After a season or so 



182 UNIVEKSITY OF TOEONTO MONTHLY 

of muzzy trees, with neutral tint " grinning through " the green, 
he gave up his old-fashioned work and adopted a new style to suit a 
new country. Here he showed power as an artist even more than in 
the beautiful drawings of Edinburgh; for he had to invent a 
method for himself. The delicate old water-colour school fur- 
nished no model for application to the garish lighting and uncom- 
posed landscapes that have broken the spirit of so many artists in 
this country. But Sir Daniel Wilson contrived to get hold of what 
there is in the landscape. There was always composition in his 
sketches, and the veritable character of the country; yet what they 
were chiefly remarkable for was what he did not have in them. 
The original paper, with a toning wash over it, would do duty for 
a whole sunlighted hillside. It was not flat; it was not bare; but, 
when one came to look into it, a few twists of the brush to mark 
the shady side of a boulder or so, a touch of white where the 
sun caught them, a delicate variation in the tone, hardly discernible 
at close quarters, were all that went to make a modelled hillside. 
Beyond a mass of trees in shadow of an undaunted depth, a distant 
valley, a cloud, and the sketch was done; a full account of the 
scene; the points all in, the twaddle all out. His methods were 
vigorous tinted paper, Chinese white, washing, scraping, a dry 
brush, a quill pen, the granulated appearance given to colour by the 
impression of the human thumb, were all recognized aids. He had 
no preciosity, but it must not be supposed that his work was there- 
fore coarse. His scale was large and his handling broad; but being 
broad it could not be coarse, for the essence of breadth is delicacy. 
These sketches were made almost entirely during the excur- 
sions of his summer vacation. Belonging to that enviable class of 
men who find refreshment in change of occupation, he always came 
back with a large collection. On his very last vacation, if I am not 
mistaken, he came back with eighty large sketches; and when his 
family came down to breakfast on the first morning alter the 
return they found the whole set mounted and put away in a port- 
folio. 

Though he cleared away the art of the vacation before be- 
ginning university work, he did not absolutely deny art in term 
time. For several winters after he became President of the Univer- 
sity, and was busiest with its affairs, a sketching club met at his 
house once a week during the winter. He was himself the shining 
light of the club, and any member of it will, in thinking of the 
club, remember chiefly the dexterous drawings he used to make 
with his left hand, and the stump of a pencil, upon tinted paper 
touched up with Chinese white. 

It was natural that one so interested in art should take an 
interest in the building of the University; but Sir Daniel Wilson 



SIR DANIEL WILSON AS AN ARTIST. 183 

brought to this not only the vague influence of artistic taste, "but 
knowledge also. His studies in architecture in Scotland were not 
confined to sketching the old wooden buildings of Edinburgh. He 
published a monograph on a Norman ecclesiastical building remain- 
ing in Edinburgh, and had many drawings of architectural detail. 
He told me himself of three points in which he had taken a hand 
in the designing of the University building. The freedom and 
vigour of the grotesque corbels and gargoyles was quite in his line, 
and he said that he made many sketches of these for the carver. 
The emphasized corners of the main tower were due to his sugges- 
tion. The top had originally a straight parapet. This is an immense 
improvement to the tower, and the bold and simple manner in which 
it has been carried out is very characteristic of the suggester. He 
also said that he had designed the large window on the front. I 
understand by this the window in the tower over the entrance. 

When as, in Sir Daniel Wilson's case, there is more than one 
man so definitely bound up in the same body, one feels the pity of 
the shortness of human life. A great architect probably, and cer- 
tainly a marvellous etcher were there; and yet he was known to 
most men only as the president of a university. 



HELLENISM. 

BY MAURICE HUTTON, M.A. 

HELLENISM is a name significant first and foremost of one 
civilization and one race; significant in a secondary and ana- 
logical sense 1 , of other civilizations and other races, if others there 
be, but probably only of other families and other individuals, such 
as are intrinsically and essentially akin in character to the genuine 
and original Hellenic type. 

Hellenism being then a matter of race and temperament rather 
than of mere conditions and environment, let us attempt to see what 
it implies. First, in politics what is Hellenism in politics ? 
Broadly, it is individualism, the championship of the rights of the 
individual against the majority, and of the rights of the individual 
community, city, or petty state, against the claims of the nation. 
Even the " collectivism " of the Greek city-state was only a civic 
individualism, with the city instead of the man for the unit, all 
other units being too small to survive in the struggle for existence. 
Even the socialism of Plato and Aristotle is not inconsistent with 
this view, for, in the first place, the state to Plato and still more 
to Aristotle, is valuable only as the medium in which to develop 
individual perfection; and, in \ the second place, their socialism is 
the reaction against Athenian practice. Philosophers illustrate their 



I 

184 UNIVERSITY OF TORONTO MONTHLY 

age by antagonizing more than by echoing it. Lycophron was the 
typical Athenian thinker, with his doctrine of luisser-faire and 
liberty. 

It follows that Hellenism often means "Little Englandism," 
non-interference with other states for your own sake as well as 
for theirs; escape from their broils and difficulties as well as re- 
nunciation of rights over them; a policy of "magnanimity," and 
"non-intervention." " dvSpayaBla nal anpay^o^v^^ 

Hellenism championed the city-states against Alexander; it 
championed the picturesqueness, the diversity and the artistic super- 
iority of the "little-state" system against the monotonous uni- 
formity of the Koman Empire. Even when beaten, it was still, 
like Christianity, the bearer of a gospel of freedom to an enslaved 
world; it was still the poor apostle who made many rich, the slave 
who made many free; for it delivered men from the monotony and 
dullness of Roman secularism by revealing to them an individual 
soul, and an inner world of thought and speculation which Roman 
gold and power could not corrupt, where Roman thieves could 
j-i.ot break through nor steal. 

It is natural that historians should often dwell on the weak 
side of this Individualism, on the incoherence and the Ishmaelite 
selfishness of Greek life, on its want of political sagacity, on its 
incapacity for political co-operation, for generous patriotism, for 
a broad nationalism. It is natural that historians, who see strongly 
the best side of Imperialism, should compare Greece to Ireland 
in her suicidal political incapacity and her love of "ructions." 
Athens was the Ireland of the classical world. Demosthenes had 
hardly the right to complain when he was foiled by a pro-Macedon- 
ian party in his own city; he was "hoist with his own petard." 
Athens stood for Individualism, and Individualism permitted the 
individual Athenian to side against the majority of his country- 
men; he took the liberty to do so and enjoyed it. The most 
crotchetty, the most corrupt and the most high-minded of our 
own Pro-Boers have each their parallels in Athens, in men like 
Theramenes, Aeschines and Phocion. 

The same Individualism made the Greek colony what it was, 
not a military post for extending the mother country's influence, 
like a Roman colony, but a band of adventurers seeking a freer 
and less trammeled life, desiring to be unmuzzled, yielding to the 
mother country at the best a sentimental recognition of suzerainty; 
at the worst, like other Greek children, disobedient and disre- 
spectful to its parents. The same Individualism, I think, marks 
Greek commerce. The Greeks have always been of some emin- 
ence in commerce; Solon, the typical Athenian, was merchant as 



i HELLENISM. 185 

well as poet, philosopher and statesman. And yet Athenian com- 
merce, like Athenian politics, was always on a small and individual 
scale; vast organizations, trusts, combines were beyond the reach 
of the Greek merchant; he had neither the political sagacity, nor 
what is the same thing, the instinctive honesty necessary for com- 
merce on a large scale. H never discarded the higgling and huck- 
stering of the petty dealer, who has only a local market; he never 
emerged from the condition of a Highland cattle drover. 

The commercial dishonesty of the Greek derive, I presume, 
from that which is the glory as well as the shame of Grek ethics, 
from their consciously-reasoned character. All Greek virtues 
were based on thought, not on instinct; on conscious reasoning, 
not on unconscious impulse, with the result, naturally, that the 
reasoning often had to stop short at superficial conclusions, and be 
content with the sophistries of enlightened self-interest in place 
of the felt but undemonstrable convictions which elude logic and 
reasoning. So the enlightened self-interest, on which the Greeks 
were content, because it seemed demonstrable, to base their ethics, 
was often a very short-sighted and narrow selfishness. Even Plato 
is led by the scientific impulse of the Greek mind to put the car- 
penter above the artist, because the former knows what he is about 
while the poet and the artist are the mouthpiece of the in- 
spiiation which bloweth whither it listeth; no man knows, least 
of all its mouthpiece, when it comes or goes. Even Plato has a 
hatred of all mysticism (except his own). 

Akin to this commercial dishonesty is that political " finesse " 
and " adroitness/' " slimness," which may be described as " Hellen- 
ism " in character. No better instance can be found than 
Themistocles, justified to himself, and, in part, to posterity by the 
fundamental patriotism and good sense of the ends originally sought 
by him, but tarnished as often by the tortuous twists, by the 
arriere-pensee which regularly accompanied his quest of those 
ends, especially when, his first end becoming impracticable, he was 
forced to compromise upon a second less blameless. Themistocles 
seems always to have revenged himself upon fortune for driving 
him to his second string, by pulling this to personal ends. He would 
be honest if he could have exactly what was best; if any sacrifice 
of this were asked of him, he would answer no longer for his own 
honesty; let nature take the consequences of baulking his first 
and best thoughts. And so he spent a long life imposing upon 
every one ; finally, so far as mortal can, even upon Death, by accept- 
ing it at the moment most convenient for himself. H died an 
exile, suspected alike by Athens and by Persia of treachery; "and 
so," writes Thucydides, covering a tragedy with a dry and brief 
comment, as is his wont, " so ended Pausanias, the Lacedaemonian, 



. 
186 UNIVERSITY OP TORONTO MONTHLY 

and Themistocles, the Athenian, the two most brilliant men of 
their time/' This is Hellenism in character, adroitness, readiness 
of speech and wit; amazing natural gifts, unbalanced either by the 
laborious taking of pains which dull men and duller nations have 
pronounced to be genius, or by the sterling principles which redeem 
the intellectual stupidity of less brilliant men and peoples. Our 
race has a prejudice against adroit men; it has a liking for "the 
uew diplomacy/ 7 which is not diplomacy but frankness; possibly 
that is our limitation. Themistocles was the typical Greek, who 
appears at his worst in the dark days of that Roman rule, which 
turned him into a courtier, sycophant and domestic chaplain, facile 
minister to the wants of his stupid but strong-willed master; but 
who, at his best, was a sort of butterfly, or bird of paradise, preening 
the glorious wings of his soul in the sun of prosperity. "Half 
that man's virtue," sings Homer, who knew his countryman. 
" Half that man's virtue Zeus doth take away 
Whom he hath humbled unto slavery's day." 

Greeks were at their best in prosperity, at their worst in adversity, 
as Rome was the opposite. 

Perhaps the aphorism of Horace "Walpole, that life is a tragedy 
to those who feel, a comedy to those who think, may be amplified 
with the corollary that life ought to be a comedy to thinkers and 
a tragedy to the passionate, if each is to be at his best; for, when 
the thinker's life becomes tragic beneath a frowning fate, and the 
life of the passionate a comedy, by reason of prosperity's smiles, 
then each is seen at his worst; the butterfly needs the sun that he 
may play his part in the economy of nature, no less than for his 
own happiness; even as the plainer domestic animals need the 
winter's harshness to become hardy and serve their humdrum and 
useful purposes to advantage. They do not gain by becoming 
household pets and pampered lap-dogs and tame trencher-cats; but 
the mor ornamental creature is only an ornament and a pleasure 
at the best and a parasite at the worst. 

Hellenism in character then seems to hinge upon the char- 
acteristically Hellenic paradox, "virtue is knowledge, vice is 
ignorance." The same paradox brings us to the characteristic 
features of Hellenism in thought and literature. 

The importance of this same knowledge is the ever-recurring 
moral of the Greek tragedians; be cautious,be prudent, be thoughtful 
one virtue under many names, ev/3oMa, G<v (frpoevvrj, (jypovrjGiS 
preached by prophets (like Teiresias), by princes (like Haemon), 
by the chorus, that is, by the voice of impartial and impersonal 
reason. 

"Prudence is the better part of happiness, 
A lesson men shall learn when they be old," 



HELLENISM. 



187 



but which, the Greek, if he listened to his literature, would learn 
even in his nurse's arms, at his first visit to the tragic theatre. 

The poet, in fact, does not seem to recognize more than does 
Plato the deficiencies of self-conscious life; he does not seem to 
admit that the man who should begin life by doubting himself and 
nature and life, and by groping a cautious path at a snail's pace 
through the snares of life, might perhaps escape unhappiness in 
its form of tragic misery, but has certainly cut the tree of life 
at its very root in his effort more securely to gather its fruit. 
Plato's paradox, indeed, " virtue is knowledge," seems more appro- 
priate to Sophocles' lips than to Socrates'. The moralist cannot, 
to our minds, fancy that knowledge is everything in morals; but 
the poet, who is describing the tragedies of life, the storms of error, 
misfortune and sorrow, may be pardoned for insisting at great 
length on the necessity of prudence and self-knowledge. 

The same " pale cast of thought sicklies over " all the virtues 
to the Greek; resignation, humility, reverence, truthfulness, all 
are recognized as virtues, but only in their intellectual form, in 
the sense, that is, that it is a virtue to recognize accomplished facts, 
tc recognize man's weakness against Nature, his difficulty in reach- 
ing the Truth, his liability to be deceived. The resignation of 
the will, the humility of the will, moral' reverence, as, e.g., for 
the innocence of childhood, moral truthfulness, that is, truth speak- 
ing, are not recognized in the same degree, are either ignored or 
deprecated or minimized. Patriotism again is recognized, and 
piety, but both are disfigured into " transactions," bargains between 
the patriot and his state, the votary and his god. The most pat- 
riotic and the most pious of states was also the most selfish Sparta, 
because self-interest was, in theory at least, the basis of piety and 
patriotism; they were often, of course, much nobler than this in 
practice. 

Another illustration of Hellenism in thought and literature 
is the amazing extension of ideas of art to life generally. 

Plato is continually assuming that life is a mere collection 
of the arts, that the man, the poet, for example, knows nothing, 
who contributes nothing to politics, medicine, seamanship or the 
other arts. Cleon, in like manner, describes the Athenians as con- 
noisseurs of life, treating it as an art, always experimenting, tast- 
ing and trying, with no mental horizon, with no finality in their 
thought, with no fixed habits and principles impressionists, first, 
last and always. Herodotus attributes a similar criticism to their 
disparagement and to the advantage of Sparta, to the Scythian 
traveller, Anacharsis. 

The typical Greek, in fact, was of the same mind as the late 
Mr. Pater, when, in his callow irresponsible youth, he wrote his 



188 UNIVERSITY OF TORONTO MONTHLY 

whimsical book on the Renaissance, as a protest against the form- 
ation of habits, and the ruinous force of the will, and as an eulogy 
of openness of mind, of the fluidity and receptivity of soul which 
sees something in everything (and, therefore, nothing in anything). 

But if life be an art rather than a battle, it can hardly fail 
to turn upon opportunism and diplomacy, upon some form of 
ingenious self-seeking, rather than upon stubborn patience, dogged 
endurance and painfully organized habits and virtues. The sol- 
dier who fights a battle need not fight for his own hand; cannot 
lawfully, after a point soon reached, so fight, and be a good soldier. 
But the artist is more individualistic than the soldier; his object 
i* in a greater degree to achieve his own personal success in art. 
And again, the art of life, like other arts, will demand some com- 
pleteness of result, something notable to show for all the pains 
expended. Self-culture, in a word, is the ideal of the artists and 
connoisseurs of life, whether they be Greeks of Greece, or a Greek 
of Germany, like Goethe; a sort of refined selfishness becomes not 
permissible so much as imperative. The one-sided, seemingly wasted 
life of the inartistic man, who has never found leisure to do more 
tli an one thing, and that perhaps a small thing, or who has passed 
from one small thing to another, because no one else seemed ready 
to do them, and yet they had to be done: such a life has an in- 
coherence and an incompleteness only justifiable by the reflection 
that it never claimed to be coherent or complete, that it was 
frankly the life of a drudge or a grammarian, doing with all his 
might that which his hand found to do. There is no idea of art 
in such a life. There may be a very present idea of battle; and 
battle, if it ought to involve more art than it is apt to do with our 
race, involves a great deal more than art. 

It is difficult to disentangle and separate these two root-ideas 
cf the Greek mind, the intellectual and the artistic. For example, 
the^ Greek law of moderation '^ijdev ayav, surf out point de zele, 
which kept the Greek from all fanaticism, not less than from all 
enthusiasm, shall we call it the philosopher's instinct or the artist's? 
Whichever it be, it conflicts with another instinct of the Greek 
mind, the love of logic, uniformity and consistency, which easily 
passes into the fanaticism of the doctrinaire and breeds us sea- 
green Eobespierres. So one Greek tendency balanced another, and 
the nation who were an obstacle to the Christian apostles, because 
they despised as foolishness the enthusiasm of the gospel, never- 
theless failed politically, because they were the victims of a cer- 
tain cold, intellectual enthusiasm for logic and theory; while the 
Eomans, with moral enthusiasm to spare, escaped the foibles of the 
logician and intellectual enthusiast, and succeeded in politics by 
their robust contempt for logic, by their instinct for compromise, 
their common sense, their intellectual apathy. 






HELLENISM. 180 

Nevertheless, it seems strange that intellectual enthusiasm 
bhould so often with the Greeks, in spite of th obvious complexity 
of this world, have taken the form of a narrow logic, instead of the 
form of a large-minded moderation. 

It becomes only more difficult to analyze these qualities of 
the Greek mind when we find the French artist, Mons. Violet-le- 
Duc, ascribing the success of Greece in art to that same narrow 
logic which was her curse in politics, and thus identifying the 
spring of her art and of her logic. It would seem easier to associate 
with her artistic impulse that distinctively feminine element in the 
Greek character, which is as conspicuous as it is in Frenchmen and 
in Irishmen. 

It is a safer proposition, however, to assume, whatever be 
the solution of niceties such as these, that Hellenism in literature 
ifr the protest of thought against action, of reflection against activity, 
of the student, thinker and theorist against the practical man of 
affairs ; ffxohrf leisure is the demand of the Greek philosopher 
for himself no less than for the State: rtpdy^a action, politics, is 
a weariness, a vanity, a bore: ncros labor, is TCOVOS sorrow; dpaffavn 
TtaOsiv is the national motto in its fullest sense ; act at your peril; 
\a6e fiiocxicxs, "Slip through life unnoticed" said the typical 
philosopher of Athens. Pericles, for a short time, seemed to lift 
Athens into a keener and more wholesomely active life; but Demos- 
thenes' Athenians, hair-splitting, jesting, criticising, show the 
permanent type to which Athens reverted; or rather, from which, 
a? appears from the negative, cross^questioning, inquisitive and 
contradictive life of Socrates and many of his followers, she was 
never wholly detached. The fate of Cassandra was also the fate 
of Athens, to know and to be helpless : noXXa (fipovkovffa fArfdevos 
Hparhiv : anav ffvrerr) eni nav apyos, knowing everything, doing 
nothing; light without leading. 

There is another feature of Greek literature closely connected 
with this supremacy of thought over action, which is not so easy 
to gauge. It is tempting to unite the characteristic humanity 
and humanitarianism of Athens, the magnanimity and scruples 
against bloodshed already noted, with a quality, at first sight 
perhaps, contradictory; the callousness of Greek thought even in 
Plato and Aristotle about slavery, infanticide, abortion and other 
horrors; things still very prevalent in the world, but no longer 
generally defended by philosophers and reformers. 

It is tempting to unite these qualites and argue that Greek 
humanity shrank from the aimless and brutal bloodshed of a 
battle-field, but calmly accepted with philosophic sang-froid the 
loss of life and the loss of happiness 1 involved, as the philosophers 
said, in the very scheme of Nature and in that competition which 
is Nature's first law. From this point of view, the positive side of 



190 UNIVERSITY OF TORONTO MONTHLY 

cruelty, violence, offended the gentle Athenian; the negative side, 
the passive cruelty of Nature, offended him not; he had the mixed 
qualities of the scientific mind, which is gentle but pitiless. It is our 
tendency, on the contrary, to think that the battle-field is more 
tolerable than many ancient and less violent iniquities of Nature. 

A similar combination of humanity and inhumanity, a simi- 
lar inhuman humanitarianism appears in some other arrangements 
of Plato's Republic, the reflection of a philosopher's dreams, at 
once benevolent and ' cold-blooded. The scientific stirpiculture, 
e.g., has its modern analogies evidently in the quasi-scientific experi- 
ments of certain eccentric societies flourishing in that hot-bed of 
eccentricity (as well as hot-bed of Philistinism), the United States. 
In these societies, as in Plato's state, there is very little room left 
for human nature or human life; but what remains of each (unlike 
the informer in Aristophanes), is to be very good. It is clear 
that the humanitarianism of such societies is a very negative 
quality, and, unlike the quality of true mercy, is very narrowly 
strained ; as no doubt the quality of human mercy will be strained 
again, should Christianity and the Sermon on the Mount be eclipsed 
some day by scientific materialism. A final illustration of the 
predominance of thought over action is found in the opening pages 
of Aristotle's Politics: he is analyzing the Greek claim to mastery 
over the barbarian, and he finds that mastery depends on character, 
not on any mere art of government or political science; but when 
he proceeds to analyze character, he reduces it to intellect and in- 
telligence, the salient qualities of the Greek character, but the 
very reason why the Greeks were never masters, except to some 
degree in the East where they met races even more amiable, 
reflective, unpractical and dreamy than themselves. Mastery is 
character, but character in the sense in which the Romans 
possessed character and the Athenians lacked it ; will-power 
rather than intelligence and intellect. The Roman to adopt a 
criticism of Napoleon's upon his own countrymen and Englishmen 
the Roman took his own life with less irresolution, indecision and 
debate, than the Athenian found necessary when he was choosing 
to which of two performances at a theatre he should give the 
preference. 

The only mastery which Greece did not lose was that mastery 
which is compatible with dependence, the mastery over the 
spirit which may be possessed by a gifted inferior. Greece became 
a slave to Rome, and her only 'mastery was this, that, by her in- 
tellectual vitality, her superabundant youthfulness of spirit, gaiety 
and vivacity, she became, like the Christian church, with its moral 
and intellectual vitality, a reviving force, recreating an ancient 
and worn-out society, a force making all things new 



TOKONTONENSIA 



191 



TOKONTONENSIA 



UNIVERSITY OP TORONTO 
MONTHLY. 

ADDRESS ALL COMMUNICATIONS FOB 
PUBLICATION TO THE SECRETARY, UNI- 
VERSITY OF TORONTO. 

Published monthly, October June. 
Subscription $1.00 a year, single copies 

15 cts. 

All subscriptions are credited, October- 
June. 

EDITORIAL BOARD. 

I. H. CAMERON, M.B., Chairman. 

J. C. MCLENNAN, Ph.D., Secretary. 

J. FLETCHER, M.A., LL.D.; A. R. 
BAIN, M.A., LL.D.; A. B. MACALLUM, 
M.B., Ph. D.; J. A. COOPER, B.A., 
LL.B.; L. E. EMBREE, M.A.; HON. S. C. 
BIGGS, B.A.; T. A. RUSSELL, B.A.; GEO. 
WILKIE, B.A.; S. J. ROBERTSON, B.A., 
Managing Editor. 

THE UNIVERSITY OF TORONTO ALUMNI 

ASSOCIATION: LOCAL ORGANIZATIONS 

DIRECTORY. 

GENERAL ASSOCIATION. President, 
DR. R. A. REEVE, Toronto. Secretary, 
J. C. MCLENNAN, Ph. D., Dean's House, 
University of Toronto. 

ALGOMA, DISTRICT OF. President, 
REV. J. ALLAN, B.A., Sault Ste. Marie, 
Ont.; Secretary-Treasurer, LESLIE A. 
GREEN, B.A., Sault Ste. Marie, Ont. 

BRANT COUNTY. President, A. J. 
WILKES, LL.B., K.C., Brantford, Ont.; 
Secretary, M. J. KEANE, M.B., Brant- 
ford, Ont. 

BRITISH COLUMBIA. President, REV. 
R. WIIITTINGTON, M.A., B.Sc., Vancou- 
ver, B.C. 

ELGIN COUNTY, ONT. President, REV. 
CANON HILL, St. Thomas. Secretary, 
S. SILCOX, B.A., B. Psed., St. Thomas. 

GREY AND BRUCE. President, A. G. 
MCKAY, B.A., Owen Sound, Ont. 
Secretary, W. D. FERRIS, M.B., Shallow 
Lake, Ont. 

HASTINGS COUNTY. President, LT.- 
COL. W. N. PONTON, M.A., Belleville. 
Becretary, J. T. LUTON, B.A., Belleville. 



HURON COUNTY. President, WM. 
GUNN, M.D, Clinton, Ont. Secretary- 
Treasurer, CHAS. GARROW, B.A., LL.B., 
Goderich, Ont. 

KENT COUNTY President, D. S. 
PATERSON, B.A., Chatham, Ont. Sec- 
retary, Miss GRACE MCDONALD, B.A., 
Chatham, Ont. 

LENNOX AND ADDINGTON COUNTIES. 
President, H. M. DEROCIIE, B.A., K.C., 
Napanee. Secretary-Treasurer, U. J. 
FLACK. M.A.. Napanee. 

LINCOLN COUNTY. President, JOHN 
HENDERSON, M.A., St. Catharines. 
Secretary-Treasurer, G. B. BURSON, 
B.A., St. Catharines. 

MIDDLESEX COUNTY. President, TAL- 
BOT MACBETH, B.A., K.C., London. 
Secretary-Treasurer, F. E. PERRIN, B.A., 
London. 

OTTAWA. Presides t, E. R. CAMERON, 
M.A., Ottawa. Secretary-Treasurer, H. 
A . BURBRIDGE, B.A., Ottawa. 

PERTH COUNTY, ONT. President, C. J. 
MCGREGOR, M.A., Stratford, Ont. 
Secretary-Treasurer, C. A. MAYBERRY, 
B.A., LL.B., Stratford, Ont. 

PETERBOROUGH COUNTY. President, 
E. B. EDWARDS, B.A., LL.B., K.C., 
Peterborough. Secretary-Treasurer, D. 
WALKER, B.A., Peterborough. 

PRINCE EDWARD COUNTY. President, 
M. CURRIE, B.A., M.B., Picton. Secr&> 
turn-Treasurer, A. W. HENDRICK, B.A., 
Picton. 

SIMCOE COUNTY. President, DONALD 
Ross, B.A., LL.B., Barrie, Ont; 
Secretary-Treasurer, A. F. HUNTEB, 
M.A., B irrie, Out 

VICTORIA COUNTY. President, J. C. 
HARSTONE, B.A., Lindsay, Ont. Secre- 
tary-Treasurer, Miss E. G. FLAVELLE, 
B.A., Lindsay, Ont. 

WATERLOO COUNTY. President, His 
HONOUR JUDGE CHISHOLM, Berlin, Ont, 
Secretary-Treasurer, REV. W. A. BRAD- 
LEY, B.A., Berlin, Ont. 

WELLINGTON COUNTY, ONT. Presi- 
dent, WM. TYTLER, B.A., Guelph, Ont 
Secretary-Treasurer, R. L. McKiNNON, 
B.A., LL.B., Guelph, Ont. 

WENTWORTH COUNTY GBADUATMT 
ASSOCIATION. President, J. CHISHOLM, 
B.A., Hamilton, Ont Secretary- 
Treasurer, J. T. CRAWFORD, B.A., Ham- 
ilton, Ont 



192 



UNIVERSITY OF TORONTO MONTHLY 



Alumni Dinner. 

The annual dinner of the Alumni 
Association this year promises to 
surpass in attendance and enthusiasm 
those already held. The past few 
years have been marked by many 
advances in the University, and in 
addition to the new buildings now in 
course of erection, there is much to 
awaken the interest which every 
graduate should feel in his Alma 
Mater. 

The committee in charge of the 
dinner is sparing no pains to eusure a 
large attendance, and prepare an 
unusually attractive programme. 
Graduates in every district are asked 
to remember the date Friday, June 
13th and to make this the occasion 
of a visit to Toronto, and an old-time 
re-union. 

A fuller announcement will be 
made in the next issue of the 
" Monthly." 

Engineering Society. 

The annual election of officers for 
the Engineering Society of the School 
of Practical Science resulted as fol- 
lows: President, D. Sinclair; vice- 
president, B. A. James; recording 
secretary, T. C. Irving; treasurer, F. 
N. Rutherford; corresponding secre- 
tary, D. H. Pinkney; librarian, F. A. 
Gaby; assistant librarian, P. C. Coates; 
graduates' representative, A. A. Wan- 
less; fourth year representative, J. P. 
S. Madden; third year representative, 
H. F. White; second year representa- 
tive, J. M. Wilson. 

Athletics. 

The lacrosse team of this year will, 
it is thought, be one of the strongest 
that has ever represented the Uni- 
versity of Toronto. There are over 
forty men in training, among whom 
are many who have earned enviable 
reputations by their work in the differ- 
ent C. L. A. series. Mr. Harold Camp- 
bell, formerly of the Dufferin Lacrosse 
Club of Orangeville, Ont., has been 
appointed captain, which means that 
the team will be well drilled and 
well trained. The out of town games 
thus far arranged include two against 
Varsity's old rivals', the Crescents ol 
Brooklyn, at their Club House on Long 
Island, and one each against Hobart 



College, Geneva, N.Y., and Steven's In- 
stitute, Hoboken, N.J. It is altogether 
likely that the University of Toronto 
lacrosse team and the Swathmore Col- 
lege team will play for the intercolle- 
giate championship in New York early 
in June. In the home games Varsity 
will play the Orioles, Young Torontos 
and the Tecumsehs. 

University of Toronto Union, 
Annual Meeting. 

The '-first annual meeting of the 
University of Toronto Union, held in 
the Students' Union on Friday even- 
ing, jMarch 21st, brought together a 
large gathering of students from the 
various colleges in the University. 
The president, Professor W. B. Lang, 
occupied the chair. The secretary- 
treasurer, Mr. R. W. Woodroofe, laid 
before the meeting the executive com- 
mittee's report of the business trans- 
acted during the year. Although 
some difficulties had been encountered 
because of its having been the first 
year of the Union's existence, yet these 
had been surmounted, and the Union 
was reported to be in a prosperous 
condition. 

The financial statement showed a 
substantial balance in the treasury 
in spite of the heavy expenses of the 
year. 

Mr. E. M. Wilcox, B.A. '01, to whose 
exertions the Union owes its existence, 
was made a life member on recom- 
mendation of the executive commit- 
tee, and those gentlemen who had ren- 
dered financial assistance to the ex- 
tent of $25.00, or over, were made 
honorary members. 

The amalgamation of Varsity and 
College Topics was discussed and fin- 
ally agreed upon, and a constitution 
for the paper presented to the meet- 
ing by the executive was adopted. 

The Union then recognized in a tan- 
gible way its appreciation of Mr. 
Woodroofe's services as secretary- 
treasurer by voting him a sum of 
money. 

The election of officers for next year 
resulted as follows: Honorary pre- 
sident, Dr. R. A, Reeve; president, 
Professor McGregor Young; 1st vice- 
president, H. L. Hoyles; 2nd vice- 
president, W. G. Wood; secretary- 
treasurer, S. B. Chadsey; University 
College representative, L. Gilchrist; 



TORONTONENSIA 



193 



JL'90 



T 

Y 



''Hero-worship exists, has existed, 
and will forever exist, universally 
among mankind," says Carlyle. 

It is the recognition of the highest 
type of manhood, especially when the 
sense of duty bursts all barriers of 
calm reason and deliberation, and im- 
pels, oblivious of danger, the rescue 
of life. 

Old graduates have not forgotten 
the three names that were, before the 
fire, on the window in Convocation 
Hall. And now we add two more uames 
of men heroic and brave: Henry Rich- 
mond Moore and Henry Albert Har- 



per, worthy sons of Alma Mater, 
beloved in life, remembered in death. 

To be the mother of heroes' is even 
better than to be the mother of 
scholars, and it is well to know that 
the associations of Alma Mater do not 
tend to decrease the latent heroism 
of the race. 

We may say with Whittier: 
" Dream not helm and harness 1 , 

The sign of valor true, 

Peace hath higher tests of manhood 

Than battle ever knew." 

Otto J. Klotz. 



Victoria College representative, E. H. 
Joliffe; Wycliffe College representa- 
tive, R. M. Millman, B.A.; Knox Col- 
lege representative, W. L. Nichol; re- 
presentative of the School of Practical 
Science, D. H. Pinkney; Medical Col- 
lege representative, F. J. Buller; Den- 
tal representative; Mr. Slade, 

Recent Faculty Publications. 

J. G. Hume, M.A., Ph.D., University 
of Toronto, " Schopenhauer," Introduc- 
tion to publication of his writings. 
M. Walter Dunne Co., New York, 1901. 

S. Morley Wickett, B.A., Ph.D., Uni- 
versity of Toronto, " City Government 
in Canada"; "Municipal Government 
in Toronto," and " Appendix: Biblio- 
graphy," in " University of Toronto 
Studies, History and Economics," Vol. 
II., No. 1. 



George M. Wrong, M.A., University 
of Toronto (editor, in conjunction with 
H. H. Langton, B.A.), " Review of His- 
torical Publications relating to Can- 
ada," Vol. VI., Publications of the 
year 1901, Toronto. The University 
Library, 1902. 



Recent Alumni Publications. 

A. H. Young, M.A., Trinity Univer- 
sity, Toronto, " What a Pupil has a 
Right to Expect as a Result of his 
High School Training in French and 
German," reprint from the " Report of 
the Dominion Educational Association, 
1901." 

Wm. McQueen, B.A., Rossland, B.C., 
" Report of the City Treasurer, Ross- 
land, B.C." 



UNIVERSITY OF TOHONTO MONTHLY 



194 



Arthur B. McFarlane, B.A., "Tales 
of a Deep Sea Diver," in the " Youths 
Companion," New York. 

Examinations in Music. 

At the March meeting of the Sen- 
ate of the University, the committee 
on local examinations in music pre- 
sented the following list of local repre- 
sentatives, which will be added to. 

J C. Morgan. M.A., Barrie; W. N. 
Ponton, M.A., Belleville; Wm. Watt, 
B.A. LL.B., Brantford; A. Mowat, B.A., 
Broc'kville; J. B. Rankin, B.A., Chat- 
ham; W. Williams, B.A,, Collingwood; 
Rev Dr. McNish, M.A., Cornwall; H. 
I. Strang, B.A., Goderich; W. Tytler, 
BA. Guelph; W. H. Ballard, M.A., 
Hamilton; W. B. Ellis, B.A., King- 
ston; J. C. Harstone, B.A, Lindsay; 
Rev. A. H. MacGillivray, M.A., New- 
market; A. Steele, B.A., Orangeville; 
J. E. Dickson, B.A., Orillia; O. J. Klotz, 
Ottawa; J. Creasor, Owen Sound; W. 
Hardy, B.A., Perth; E. B. Edwards, 
M.A., Peterborough; Rev. W. R. 
Young, St. Thomas; L. A. Green, B.A., 
Sault Ste. Marie; J. A. Houston, B.A., 
Smith's Falls; Wm. McGregor, Wind- 
sor; A. B. Watt, B.A., Woodstock. 

The examiners for the local examin- 
ations in music in June next .are as 
fellows: 

Harmony and History W. E. Faii- 
clough, Dr. Ham, C. L. M. Harris. 

Organ J. E. P. Aldous, A. S. Vogt. 

Piano Mr. Hyttenrauch, T. Martin, 
Mr. Puddicombe, J. D. A. Tripp, A. S. 
Vogt, F. S. Welsman, W. O. Forsyth. 

Singing Dr. C. B. Saunders, B. W. 
Schuch, R. Tandy. 

Violin Mrs. Adamson, Mr. Bau- 
mann, Mr. Klingenfeld, Mr. Pocock. 

Violoncello Mr. H. S. Saunders. 



The Alumnae Association. 

The annual meetings of the Alumnae 
Association of University College 
were held on Easter Monday afternoon 
and evening, in the Y. M. C. A. rooms. 
In opening the meeting, the President, 
Miss Curzon, gave a short address re- 
viewing the objects of the Association, 
and touching upon many important 
topics which gave rise, later in the 
evening, to much discussion. The regu- 
lar business of the day was begun by 
the reading of the annual reports by 
officers and conveners of committees. 



An especially interesting paper had 
been prepared by Miss Julia Cowan 
on Domestic Science and Manual 
Training in the London, England, 
schools. A vote of thanks was passed, 
and is to be sent to the writer. A few 
necessary changes 1 were then made in 
the constitution. 

The election of officers took place 
>in the evening with the following 
results: President, Mrs. Jeffrey, B.A. 
'95; 1st Vice-President, Mrs. Briggs, 
B.A. '99; 2nd Vice-President, Miss F, 
E. Kirkwood, B.A. '98; 3rd Vice-Pre- 
sident, Miss B. Bunnell, B.A. '91; Trea- 
surer, Mrs. Hall, B.A. '00; Recording 
Secretary, jMiss E. R. McMichael, B.A. 
'97; Historian, Miss A. W. Patterson, 
B.A. '99. 

Over a communication suggesting a 
federation of all Alumnae Associations 
there was some debate, which ended in 
a committee being appointed. This 
was followed by a paper on Domestic 
Science, written by Miss Curzon, and 
listened to with great interest. 

The social features of the evening 
then attracted the attention of the 
rti embers, and the musical programme 
and chafing dish supper were enjoyed 
by all. 

E. M. LAWSON, B.A. '94, 

Historian. 



Brant County Alumni Association. 

The Brant County Alumni Associa- 
tion has arranged for a course of lec- 
tures in Brantford. The committee in 
charge of the course are: A. J. Wilkes, 
K.C., President; Dr. Keane, Secretary; 
Messrs. A. W. Burt, S. F. Passmore, 
Rev. Dr. Ross and Miss E. Bunnell. 
The committee has invited Professor 
McGregor Young, Principal Hutton, 
Professor W. H. Fraser and Professor 
James ,Mavor to deliver lectures. The 
first lecture, by Professor McGregor 
Young on the Munroe Doctrine, will be 
given on April 25th There will be a 
meeting of the Association before th& 
lecture. 



Kent County Alumni Association. 

At the annual meeting of the Kent 
County Alumni Association last 
year's officers were re-elected. The 
death of William Douglas, LL.B. '61, 
K.C., has since, however, left the 
office of honorary president vacant. 



TOBONTONENSIA 



Recently Professor Ramsay Wright 
delivered a lecture on " Malaria and 
the Mosquito," before the members of 
the Kent County Alumni Association 
and their friends. The lecture was very 
largely attendprl, and, at the close of the 
meeting, Dr. T. K. Holmes, M,D. '67, 
moved a vote of thanks to the 
lecturer, which was seconded by Rev. 
J. H. Osterhout, B.A. '00. 

NEWS FROM THE CLASSES. 
The personal news is compiled from information 
furnished by the Secretary of the University of Toronto 
Alumni Association, and by the Secretaries of local 
organizations, and from other reliable sources. The 
value of this department might be greatly enhanced 
if University of Toronto men everywhere 'would con- 
tribute to it. The correction of any error will be 
gratefully received by the Secretary of the Alumni 
Association 

Graduates in (Medicine, 1896. 

E. H. Arkell, M.B., is a physician in 

Belmont, Ont. W. J. Beasley, M.B., 

is a physician in Beachville, Out. 
T. C. D. Bedell, M.B., is a physician in 

Merrickville, Ont. T. H. Bier, M.B., 

is a physician in Brantford, Ont. J. 

F. Boyle, M.B., is a physician in Price- 

ville 1 , Ont. D. Buchanan, M.B., is a 

physician in Gait, Ont. G. S. Burt, 

M.B., is a physician, Care' Can. Gov. 
Office, 17 Victoria St., London, Eng- 
land. B. G. Connolly, M.B., is a 

physician in Renfrew, Ont. D. T. 

Crawford, M.B., is a physician in 

Sombra, Ont. F. A. Dales, M.B., is 

a physician at Myrtle Station, Ont. 
G. A. Elliott, M.B., is a physician 

in Kansas City, Mo. W. F. Gallow, 

M.B., is a physician in Goderich, Ont. 

Wm. Goldie, M.B., is a physician 

at 84 College St., Toronto, Ont. C. 

Graef, M.B., is a physician at 301 Dun- 
das St., Toronto Ont. A. Gray, M.B., 

Is a physician in Chippewa, Ont. 

N. B. Gwyn, M.B., Is Instructor In 
medicine in the University of Pennsyl- 
vania, Philadelphia, Pa. W. J. Hen- 
derson, M.B., is 1 a physician in Can- 

nington, Ont. E. S. Hicks, M.B., is 

a physician at Deseronto, Ont. A. 

G. Hodgins, M.B.. is a physician in 

Honolulu. F. W. Hodgins, ;M.B., is 

a physician at Inwood, Ont. E. M. 

Hooper, M.B., is a physician in 

Merritton, Ont. W. W. Jones. B.A., 

M.B., is a physician at 17 Torrington 

Sq., London, W.C., England. A. 

H. Macklin, M.B., is a physician 

in Mildmay. Ont. W. J. O. Malloch, 

B.A., M.B., is a physician in Toronto, 
Ont. J. A. Marquis, M.B., is a phy- 



sician in Brantford, Ont. R. H. 

Mason, M.B., is a physician in Salt- 
coats, N.W.T. R. Moore, ,M.B. is a 

physician at Fort Francis, Ont. G 

More, B.A., M.B., is a physician in 

Hawkesville, Ont. J. S. Morris, 

M.B., is a physician in Oshawa, OnL 

A. S. McCaig, M.B., is a physician 

at Sault Ste. Marie, Ont. D. Mc- 

Callum, M.B., is a physician in Crest- 
line, Ohio. C. S. McKee, M.B., is a 

physician in Baillieboro', Ont. D. 

C. McKenzfe, M.B., is a physician in 

Durham, Ont. W. H. Nicfiol, M.B., 

is a physician in Glanworth, Ont. 

A. W. Partridge, M.B., is a physician 

in Burk's Falls, Ont. N. W. Price, 

M.B., is a physician in Jamesville, N.Y. 

J. A. Rannie, ,M.B., is a physician 

in Florence, Ont. J. H. Rivers, M.B., 

is a physician in Crediton, Ont. > 

E. L. Roberts, M.B., is a physician 

in Simcoe, Ont. E. L. Robinson 

M.B. (Ob.) H. H. Ross, M.B., is a 

physician in Auburn, Ont. E. J. 

Rothwell, M.B., is a physician in Trail 
B.C. W. L. Silcox, M.B., is a phy- 
sician in Delhi, Ont. Mrs. A. H. 

Macklin, M.B. (Miss C. Sinclair), is 
living in Mildmay, Ont. L. C. Sin- 
clair, .M.B., is a physician in Tilson- 

burg, Ont. Miss E. L. Skinner, M.B., 

is a physician at 492 Yonge St., To- 
ronto, Ont. D. K. Smith, ,M.B., is a 

physician at 311 Jarvis St., Toronto, 
Ont. 1. G. Smith, M.B., is a physi- 
cian in Hintonburg, Ont. R. H. 

Somers, M.B., is a physician in Le 

Mors, Iowa. C. G. Thomson, M.B., is 

a physician .in Fingal, N. Dakota. 

W. J. Weaver, M.B., is engaged in the 
" Deep Sea Mission," Newfoundland. 

S. H. Westman, M.B., is a 

Lecturer in the University of Toronto. 

The addresses of the following are 

unknown: G. E. Cook", )M.B. J. S. 

Thorne, M.B. E. B. White, M.B. 

J. M. McCarter, M.B. 

Graduates of School of Practical 
Science, 1894. 

R. W. Angus, B.A.Sc., is lecturer in 
Mechanical Engineering, School of 

Practical Science, Toronto. H. F. 

Barker is living in Halifax, N.S. 

A. T. Beauragard, B.A.Sc., Is 

witpi the United Gas Improvement 

Co., Philadelphia, Pa,. A. E. Ber- 

gey is with Riter and Cauley, Alle- 
ghany, Pa. D. G. Boyd is Inspector 



196 



UNIVERSITY OF TORONTO MONTHLY 



of Mines at Michipicoten, Ont. W. 

A. Bucke is with the Canadian General 

Electric Co., Toronto. J. Chalmers 

is asst. engineer of the Ontario and 
Rainy River Ry., Fort Arthur, Ont 

J. A. Ewart, B.A.Sc., is with 

Arnoldi & Ewart, architects, Ottawa, 

Ont. W. J. Herald, B.A.Sc., is with 

the Cambria Steel Works, Johnstown, 

Pa. H. E. Job, B.A.Sc., is manager 

of the Toronto & Hamilton Electric 

Co., Hamilton, Ont. A. C. Johnston, 

B.A.Sc., mechanical engineer, Lorain 

Steel Co., Lorain, 0. S. M. Johnston, 

B.A.Sc., P.L.S., engineer and surveyor, 

Greenwood, B.C. J. E. Jones, with 

the Carnegie Steel Co., Pitts-burg, Pa. 

N. M. Lash, is asst. engineer of the 

Bell Telephone Co., Montreal, P.Q. 

A. L. McTaggart, B.A.Sc., is with the 
Lackawanna Iron & Steel Co., Scran- 
ton, Pa. W. Minty, B.A.Sc., is assis- 
tant engineer for Hicks, Hargreaves & 
o., Ltd., Bolton, Lanes., England. 

C. J. Nicholson is at Preston, Ont. 

H. Rolph is a mining engineer at 

Dawson City, Y.T. J. D. Shields, 

B.A.Sc., is a mining engineer at Rat 

Portage, Ont. A. K. Spotton is 

on the engineering staff of the Goldie & 

McCulloch C.o., Gait, Ont. Angus 

Smith, O.L.S., is city engineer, Strat- 
ford, Ont. R. T. Wright, is with the 

Goldie & McCulloch Co., Gait, Ont. 

1895. 

J. Armstrong, B.A.Sc., is on ihe en- 
gineer's staff of the Can. Northern 

Ry. Co., Swan River, Man. A. E. 

Blackwood is manager of the New 
York office of the Sullivan Machinery 

Co., 71 Broadway, New York. E. J. 

Boswell, O.L.S., is assistant engineer, 
Crows' Nest Pass Ry., Lethbridge, 

B.C. G. Brebner, is employed by 

the General Electric Co., Schenectady, 

N.Y. W. M. Brodie, B.A.Sc., is 

manager for Pendrith & Co., Toronto, 

Ont. L. L. Brown is employed by 

the Engineering Contract Co., 71 

Broadway, New York, N.Y. R. J. 

Campbell is an artist for the Chicago 
Tribune, Chicago, 111. A. W. Con- 
nor, B.A., C.E., is with the Hamilton 

Bridge Works ; Hamilton, Ont. J. 

S. Dobie, B.A.Sc., is a mining engi- 
neer, Port Arthur, * Ont. F. W. 

Gurnsey is engineer for the Neepawa 

Gold Mining Co., Wabigoon, Ont. 

A. H. Harkness, B.A.Sc., is fellow in 
Applied Mechanics, School of Practical 



Science;, Toronto, Ont. H. S. Hull, 

B.A.Sc., is with the Frick Co., Ice and 
Refrigerating Machinery, Waynes- 
boro', Pa., U.S.A.^J. McGowan, B.A., 
B.A.Sc.. is a lecturer in Toronto Tech- 
nical School, Toronto, Ont. W. N. 

McKay is with the Snider-Hughes Co., 

Cleveland, O., U.S.A. H. L. McKin- 

non, B.A.Sc., is with the Snider- 
Hughes Co., Cleveland, O., U.S.A. 

W. W. Meadows, O.L.S., is an 

engineer and surveyor, Rat Portage, 

Ont. F. J. Robinson, D. & 0. L. S., 

is assistant engineer of the Trent 

Valley Canal, Kirkfield, Ont. F. T. 

Stocking is with Pike's Peak Power 

Co., Victor, Col., U.S.A. -K. C. C. 

Tremaine, B.A.Sc., is manager of the 
Exeter Electric Light and Power Co., 
Exeter, Ont. 

Reunion of the Class of '87. 

Professor A. H. Young, B.A. '87, 
Trinity University, Toronto, has sent 
out a letter to the class of '87, calling 
it together for a dinner on the even- 
ing of Convocation Day. A very 
successful re-union is anticipated. 



I Personals. 

Every alumnus of the University of Toronto is in- 
cited to eend to the Editor items of interest for 
insertion in this department News of a personal 
nature about any alumnus will be gladly received. 

C. J. Hardie, B.A. '87, is dead. 

W. I. Montgomery, B.A. '93, is dead. 

C. McDonald, M.B. '80, M.D. '80, is 
dead. 

J. M. Mackie, M.B. '76, M.D. '87, is 
dead. 

J. G. McMillan, S.P.S. '00, is in Sud- 
bury, Ont. 

H. A. Dixon, S.P.S. '00, is in Smith's 
Falls, Ont. 

J. A. Morgan, M.B. '97, is at Bridge- 
north, Ont. 

H. C. Wales, M.B. '99, is now In 
London, Eng. 

J. J. Smith, B.A. '95, is teaching at 
Lebret, N.W.T. 

F. E. Nelles, B.A. '81, is a barrister 
in Tilbury, Ont. 

R. E. Hawken, M.B. '99, is practising 
at Carney, Mich. 

R. E. McKibbon, M.B. '97, is now in 
Loleta, California. 

Alfred Fisher, M.D. '80, Amherst- 
burg, Ont. is dead. 

T. F. Lyall, B.A. '81, M.A. '83, Ham- 
ilton, Ont, is dead. 



TORONTONENS1A 



197 



Rev. John Laing, B.A. '71, M.A. '74, 
D.D., is dead. 

M. P. Bridgland, B.A. '01, is living in 
Calgary, Alta. 

H. T. Kerr, B.A. '94, M.A. '95, is liv- 
ing in Alleghany, Pa. 

H. W. Saunders, B. A. Sc. '00, is 
living in Petrolea, Ont. 

W. B. Stevenson, B.A. '95, is teach- 
ing at Balcarres, N.W.T. 

Miss B. C. Oliver, M.B. '00, has gone 
as a missionary to India. 

A. A. Bond, B.A. '94, is a barrister, 
practising in Orillia, Ont. 

Miss H. E. Wigg, B.A. '01, is at Den- 
bigh Hall, Bryn Mawr, Pa. 

J. E. Wallbridge, B.A. '97, is a bar- 
rister in Rat Portage, Ont. 

Wm. Cowie, B.A. '92, M.D., is prac- 
tising in Guildford, Maine. 

C. H. Brown, B.A. '95, M.D. (McGill) 
is a physician in Ottawa. 

Miss Mabel A. Smith, B.A. '99, is 
now living at Wardsville, Ont. 

J. H. Brown, B.A. '81, is in the Land 
Titles' office, Winnipeg, Man. 

A. W. Marling, B.A. '79, died in 
South Africa several years ago. 

G. C. Chandler, B.A. '90, is a Baptist 
clergyman at Elwood, Ind., U.S. 

R. V. Clement, B.A. '86, LL.B. '91, 
is a barrister at Calgary, Alta. 

H. P. Barker, S.P.S. '94, has re- 
moved from Toronto to Halifax. 

W. A. Robertson, B.A. '95, is living 
at 668 East 168 St.. New York. 

Geo. D. Porter, M.B. '94, is practising 
In Toronto, at 341 Bloor St. W. 

A. Smith, B.A. '00, is Science master 
in the high school at Essex, Ont. 

>. F. King, S.P.S. '97, is on the staff 
of the Geological Survey, Ottawa. 

J. G. Robinson, B.A. '71, M.A. '73, 
is living at 11 Wood St., Toronto. 

L. J. Clarke, B.A. '82, is clerk of the' 
Supreme Court, Calgary, Alberta. 

T. M. Talbot, B.A. '87, has removed 
from Carberry to Griswold, Man. 

J. A. Ayearst, B.A. '94, is a Metho- 
dist minister at Courtright, Ont. 

G. W. Beynon, B.A. '78, is district 
registrar, Portage la Prairie, Man. 

W. Fred. Mackay, B.A. '99, is living 
at 507 Prospect St., Cleveland, 0. 

S. H. B. Robinson, B.A. '95, LL.B. 
'96. is a barrister in Minnedosa, Man. 

H. G. Martyn, B.A. '01, has removed 
from Welcome to Hamilton, Ont. 

C. B. Bell, D.D.S. '99, has removed 
from Paris to Wallaceburgh, Ont. 

F. W. McConnell, B.A. '89, is a manu- 
facturer at Richmond Hill, N.Y. 



P. L. Scott, M.B. '00, is on the staff 
the Emergency Hospital, Toronto. 

J. J. Baker, B.A. '81, M.A. '82, is a 
Baptist clergyman in London, Ont. 

John McColl, B.A. '70, is a Presby- 
terian clergyman at Brighton, N.Y. 

Jas. McCrea, B.A. '97, is a Presby- 
terian clergyman in Margaret, Man. 

W. F. Robinson, B.A. >87, is a bar- 
rister, and is living in Denver, Col. 

W. J. Macdonald, B.A. '95, is a Pres- 
byterian minister in Boston, Mass. 

J. H. Barley, S.P.S. >00, is with the 
General Electric Co., Schenectady, N.Y. 

Mrs. D. McKerroll, B.A. '99 (Miss M. 
C. McBain), is living in Sutton, Out. 

Neil Morrison, B.A. '90, is a Presby- 
terian minister at North Portal, Assa. 

E. B. Merrill, B.A. '92, is now at 
747 Hill St., Station D., Pittsburg, Pa. 

W. E. Struthers, M.B. '97, has re- 
moved from Huntsville to Lanark, Ont. 

A. G. Murray, LL.B. '99, has re- 
moved from Toronto to Gore Bay, Ont. 

H. H. Narraway, B.A. '98, has been 
admitted to the bar of British Colum- 
bia. 

F. H. Barren, B.A. '97, B.D., is at 
the Reid Memorial Church, Baltimore, 
Md. 

Miss K. L. Mullins, B.A. '98, is liv- 
ing at 135 East 17th St., New York, 
N.Y. 

C. A. Stuart, B.A. '91, is a barrister 
in Calgary, and is prominent in public 
life. 

Miss M. N. Trenaman, B.A. '99, is a 
teacher in the high school, Aurora, 
Ont. 

Miss Ella D. Bowes, B.A. '98, has re- 
moved from Wiarton to Brantford, 
Ont. 

G. A. Cornish, B.A. '00, is teaching 
in the high school, Niagara Falls, 
Ont. I i < 

Geo. R. N. Head, B.A. '92. is a farmer 
in Eramosa Township, near Gueiph, 
Ont. 

R. E. Spence, B.A. '97, M.A. '98, is a 
Methodist > clergyman at Glenboro, 
Man. 

G. F. Swinnerton, B.A. '98, is a 
Methodist clergyman at St. Vincent, 
Minn. 

Rev. H. J. Pritchard, B.A. '97, has 
removed from Fergus, Ont., to Brant- 
ford. 

Rev. Geo. Logie, B.A. '91, has re- 
moved from Toronto to Flagstaff, Ari- 



zona. 



U8 



UNIVBKSITY OF TORONTO MONTHLY 



W. E. A. Slaght, B.A. '98, is study- 
jng Theology in the Yale Divinity 
School. 

J. L. Hogg, B.A. '99, holds a scholar- 
ship in Mathematics at Harvard Uni- 
versity. 

T. H. Lawrence, M.B. '98, is physi- 
cian to a mining camp at Mapinl, 
Mexico. 

J. E. Brown, M.D. '92, formerly of 
St. Mary's is now living in Dawson 
City, Yk. 

A. W. Connor, B.A. '93, is on the 
staff of the Hamilton Bridge Works 
Company. 

G. A. Elliott, M.B. '96, is a physician 
at 905 Washington Avenue, Kansas 
City, Mo. 

jMiss A. T. Dunn, B.A. '99, is a 
teacher in the public school at Blen- 
heim, Ont. 

William Gillespie, B.A. '93, is in- 
structor in Mathematics at Princeton 
University. 

Rev. John McNicol, B.A. '91, B.D., 
has removed from Aylmer, Que., to 
Ottawa, Ont. 

Rev. J. McCoy, B.A. '75, M.A. '76, 
has removed from Cascade City, B.C., 
to Vernon, B.C. 

Rev. Donald McKerroll, B.A. '99, 
has removed from Hoath Head, Ont., 
to Sutton West. 

J. H. Faull, B.A. '98, is a post-grad- 
uate student at Harvard University, 
Cambridge, Mass. 

Miss Alice Rosebrugh, B.A". '95, is 
teaching in the high school at Car- 
thage, New York. 

The Rev. W. G. Watson, B.A. '91, 
B.D., has removed from Streetsville 
to Thessalon, Ont. 

D. B. White, B.A. '98, is a member 
of the firm of Gross & White, Barris- 
ters, Welland, Ont. 

Rev. R. J. McAlpine, B.A. '99, M.A. 
'00, formerly of Woodstock, Ont., is 
now in Owen Sound. 

Rev. J. C. Smith, B.A. '95, has re- 
moved from Rathburn, Ont, to a 
charge in Lucan, Ont. 

Rev. J. G. Shearer, B.A. '89, has 
removed from Sherbourne St., to 4 
Division St., Toronto. 

D. J. Armour, B.A. '91, M.B. '94, is 
in University College Hospital Medical 
School, London, Eng. 

A. B. Steer, B.A. '98, is an instructor 
in Science in the University of Vir- 
ginia, Richmond, Va. 



A. W. Ryan, M.A. '91, LL.B. '85, 
LL.D. '92, is rector of St. Paul's 
Church, Duluth, Minn. 

John Crawford, >M.B. '94, who has 
until recently practised in Dakota, ib 
now in Everett, Wash. 

Miss E. S. Baker, B.A. '99, is vice- 
principal of Mount Allison Ladies' 
College, Sackville, N.B. 

G. J. Blewett, B.A. '97, Ph.D., is lec- 
turer in French and German at Wesley 
College, Winnipeg, Man. 

E. G. Smith, M.B. '92, is at present 
at Yellamancheli, India, but will re- 
turn to Canada in May. 

Rev. J. M. McLaren, B.A. '87, form- 
erly of Blenheim, Ont., now has a 
charge in Lachute, Que. 

A. W. Reaveley,, B.A. '75, has re- 
moved from St. "Catharines to 423 
Baynes St., Buffalo, N."Y. 

Rev. D. Junor, B.A. '66, M.A. '69, 
formerly of Berlin, Wis., is now 
preaching in Brooklyn, N.Y. 

J. F. McKee, M.B. '94, of Petrolea, 
Ont, has removed to 1906, North Il- 
linois St., Indianapolis, Ind. 

J. G. Douglass, M.D. '63, has removed 
from Southampton, Ont., to 7525 
Eggleston Ave., Chicago, 111. 

J. H. McDonald, B.A. '95, Ph. D. 
(Chicago) '00, is now at the University 
of California, Berkeley, Cal. 

W. G. Smeaton, B.A. '98, formerly of 
Picton, Ont, is living at Carolinen 
Strasse 13, Leipzig, Germany. 

Miss B. M. Jamieson, B.A. '99, for- 
merly of Ottawa, is in Massachusetts 
General Hospital, Boston, Mass. 

W. C. P. Bremner, B.A. '90, M.A. 
'93, M.D. '99, is living at 12 Lower 
Clapton Road, London, England. 

C. G. .Milne, B.A.Sc. '93, is chief 
engineer of the Hamilton Bridge 
Works Company, Hamilton, Ont. 

Thos. B. Futcher, M.B. '93, is asso- 
ciate professor of Medicine in Johns 
Hopkins University, Baltimore, Md. 

J. F. W. Howitt, M.D. '81, is living 
in England. His address is 778 Rom- 
ford Road, Manor Park, London, E. 

E. B. Hutcherson, B7A. '93. has re- 
cently been appointee! head" master 
of the high school at Regina, Assa. 

A. Shiel, B.A. '92, who has been with, 
the Westinghouse Company, Pittsburg, 
PP.. has removed to Phoenix, Arizona. 
W. D. Le 1 Sueur, B.A. '63, is living 
in Montreal this 1 winter; he will re- 
turn to Ottawa in the early summer. 



TOIIONTONENSJA 



199 



D. Thomson, B.A. '92, formerly of 
5628 Ellis Avenue, has removed to 
5804 Jackson Avenue, Hyde Park, Chi- 
cago. 

T. L. Buckton, B.A. '98, formerly a 
teacher in Phcenix, B.C., is now on 
the staff of the Granby Mining Com- 
pany. 

A. S. Hurst, B.A. '99, has removed 
from Peekskill, N.Y., and is on the 
staff of the high school, Bridgeport, 
Conn. 

C. V. Dyment, B.A. '00, is living In 
Walla Walla, Wash. He is on the 
staff of the Spokane Spokesman Re- 
view. 

P. N. Raines, B.A. '83, M.A. '84, 
who has practised law in Uxbridge 
until recently, is now living in To- 
ronto. 

J. F. Howard, B.A. '91, is head of 
the scholastic department! of the West 
Texas Military Academy, San Antonio, 
Texas'. 

S. H. McCoy, M.B. '92, of St. Cath- 
arines, Oht., is now in England. His 
address is 17 Torrington Square, Lon- 
don, W.C. 

Miss Mary Johnston, B.A. '93, M.A. 
'97, is on the staff of the Peter Cooper 
High School, 173rd St. and 3rd Ave., 
New York. 

A. S. Johnson, B.A. '83, formerly 
editor of "Current History," Boston, 
Mass., is now on the staff of the " Chi- 
cago Journal." 

C. D. Paul, B.A. '58, |M.A. '59, is 
secretary of the Orange Heights Land 
Company. His address is 181 Broad- 
way, New York. 

Miss Alice Hurlburt, B.A. '98, is 
teaching in Saint Helen's Hall, a very 
large day and boarding school for girls 
in Portland, Oregon. 

Rev. A. A. Laing, B.A. '95, is Pres- 
byterian minister to Copleston, Ont. 
His charge is Marshalville and St. 
John's, Enniskillen. 

R. M. Huston, B.A. '92, is member 
of the firm of Huston Bros., surgical 
and dental instrument dealers, 113 
Adam St., Chicago. 

David Burns, S.P.S. '83, O.L.S., A. 
M. Can. Soc. C.E., is with the Amer- 
ican BrMge Company, Keystone 
Branch, Pittsburgh, Pa. 

H. M. Little, B.A. '97, is taking post- 
graduate work at Johns Hopkins 
University. His address is 3105 Mary- 
land Ave., Baltimore, Md. 

Rev. W. L. H. Rowand, B.A. '82, 
of Fort William, Ont., is on sick 



leave in California, but expects to re- 
turn shortly to Fort William. 

A. G. Anderson, S.P.S. '92, formerly 
on the staff of the Niagara Falls 
Power Company, Niagara Falls, N.Y., 
has removed to Port Dover, Ont. 

H. H. McPherson, B.A. '71, M.A. '72, 
formerly Assistant to Rev. Donald 
Tait, B.A., Chalmer's Church, Quebec, 
Que., is at present living in Oakville, 
Ont. 

D. P. McColl, B.A. '92,, who was 
formerly superintendent of the city 
schools of Calgary, is now inspector 
of schools in the district of Calgary, 
Alta. 

H. W. Spence, M.B. '98, has gone to 
Natal, South Africa, .upon appoint- 
ment by the British Government as 
civil surgeon to one of the concentra- 
tion camps. 

R. E. McArthur, S.P.S. '00, is an 
engineer on the Vancouver, Victoria 
and Eastern Railway, in the neigh- 
oorhood of Fernie, B.C. His address 
is Elko, B.C. 

B. Gahan, B.A. '98, has gone to 
Sydney, Australia, to take charge of 
an advertising agency for Fulford & 
Co., patent mefdicine manufacturers, 
Brockville, Ont, 

Dr. M. J. Kelly, LL.B., President of 
the Brant County Alumni Association, 
has resigned the position of Inspec- 
tor of Schools in Brant County, after 
thirty years of service. 

D. Whyte, B.A. '99, who has been on 
the staff of the high school at Nia- 
gara Falls, Ont., has removed to Owen 
Sound, where he is Science master in 
the collegiate institute. 

W. A. Hare, B.A.Sc. '99, formerly 
with the Lackawana Iron and Steel 
Co., Buffalo, N.Y., is now on the' en- 
gineering staff of Rhodes, Curry & 
Co., Ltd., Amherst, N.S. 

Peter White, jr., B.A. '93, LL.B. '97, 
barrister-at-law, Pembroke, Ont., has 
received the Conservative nomination 
for the riding of North Renfrew, and 
will contest the seat in the approach- 
ing Provincial elections. 

John A Cooper, B.A. '92, LL.B. '93, 
editor of the "Canadian Magazine," has 
been elected vice-president of the 
Canadian Press Association, of which 
he was secretary for eight years. He 
has recently been elected a member of 
the Incorporated Society of Authors 
of London, England, and re-elected 
treasurer of the Canadian Society of. 
Authors. 



200 



UNIVERSITY OF TORONTO MONTHLY 



F S Wrinch B.A. '96, M.A. '97, has 
received the degree of Ph.D. magna 
cum In tide, from the University of 
Wiirzburg. Mr. Wrinch held the 
George Paxton Young scholarship in 
'01-'02, and was Assistant in Psycho- 
logy and Philosophy in the Universit> 
of Toronto. 

The article on Johns Hopkins Uni- 
versity in this issue of the " Monthly " 
will interest the very large number of 
alumni who have taken post graduate 
courses there. They will also notice 
with pleasure the name of President 
Remsen among those upon whom the 
honorary degree of LL.D. is to be con- 
ferred at the June Convocation. 



Honorary Degrees. 

At the June Convocation the Senate 
of the University of Toronto will con- 
fer the degree of LL.D. upon the 
following gentlemen: i he Honorable 
John Douglas Armour, Chief Justice of 
Ontario; W.H.Drummond, M.D., Mont- 
real ; Rev. J. Munro Gibson, D.D., Lon- 
don, Eng.; the. Honorable J. M. Gibson, 
K.U., Attorney- General of Ontario ; the 
Honorable Richard Harcourt, K.C., Min- 
ister of Education of Ontario; James P. 
Whitney, K.C.; James J. Foy. K.C.; Ira 
Ramsen, President of Johns Hopkins 
University; Christopher Robinson,K.C., 
Chancellor of Trinity University ; 
Maurice Hutton, Principal of Univer- 
sity College ; R. Ramsay Wright, Dean 
of the Faculty of Arts ; John Galbraith, 
Dean of the Faculty of Applied Science 
and Engineering ; R. A. Reeve, Dean of 
the Faculty of Medicine. The degree 
of doctor of music will be conferred 
upon Mr. F. H. Torrington. 



Marriages. 

Brennen-Stout H. S. Brennen, B.A. 
'80, M.A. '87, Hamilton, Ont., was mar- 
ried April 12th, to Miss L. B. Stout 
of Toronto. 

Eccles-Dusty F. R. Eccles, M.D. '68, 
London, Ont., was married on April 
7th, to Miss Jessie, daughter of Sam- 
uel Dusty, of St. Marys, Ont. 

Hellems-Whitely At * Boulder, Col., 
on Easter Sunday, March 30th, F. B. 
Hellems, B.A. '93; was married to 
Miss Margaret Hortense Whitely of 
Boulder, Col. 

Jones-Horning Geo. M. Jones, B.A. 
'95, Hagersville, Ont., was married re- 
cently to Miss Clara J. Horning, B.A. 
'95, Brantford, Ont. 

McKay-Drew T. W. G. McKay, M.D. 
'96, Oshawa, Ont., was married in To- . 
ronto, on April 4th, to ,Miss Alice A. 
Drew of Oshawa. 

McLean-Cheney. Norman T. Mc- 
Lean, Phm. B. '93, M.D., Boston, 
Mass., formerly of Chatham, Ont., 
was married on April llth to Miss 
B. Cheney, Worcester, Mass. 
Deaths. 

Douglas Wm. Douglas, LL.B. '61, 
K.C., Clerk of the Peace, and Crown 
Attorney for the County of Kent, died 
in Chatham, Ont, on March 28th. 

Gordon Edward Payson Gordon, 
M.D. '90, died March 30th, at San 
Francisco, Cal. 

Lindsay Wm. Lyon Mackenzie Lind- 
say, formerly of the class of '85, bar- 
rister-at-law, of Osgoode Hall, To- 
ronto, died very suddenly on March 
23rd, in Mexico. 

Wardell Very suddenly on April 
7th, at the General Hospital, Hamil- 
ton, Ont, T. A. Wardell, M.L.A., for- 
merly of the class of '86, in the 37th 
year of his age. 



ANNOUNCEMENT. 

Alumni of the University of Toronto, who are not already sub 
scribers to the UNIVERSITY OF TORONTO MONTHLY or who have not paid 
their annual fee to the Alumni Association, should send one dollar to 
the Secretary at once. This will insure the receipt of all publications 
issued by the Association during the present year. The presence of the 
word " Paid " in red ink on the wrapper of this issue shows that the 
receiver's fee for the current year has been paid. 

UNIVERSITY OF TORONTO MONTHLY is published during the college year 
in nine monthly issues. The subscription price is ONE DOTT.AT* r*r ^~iv. 
single copies FIFTEEN CENTS. All subscriptions are credited, October- 
June. 

All communications should be addressed to the Secretary of the 
University of Toronto Alumni Association, Dean's House, University 
of Toronto. 

THE CARSWELL COMPANY, LIMITED, PRIMERS 




JAMES FORNERI, LL.D. 

PROFESSOR OF MODERN LANGUAGES IN UNIVERSITY COLLEGE, 
1853-1865. 



THE 

UNIVERSITY OF TORONTO MONTHLY 

VOL. II. MAY, 1902. No. 8. 

TABLE OF CONTENTS. 

PAGE PAGE 

O Professor .James Forneri, LL.D., By Torontonensia : 

Wrn. Uldriyht, M.A., M.D., 201 Alumni Dinner, Third Annual 221 

Bird Life, By T. Otway Payc, B. A. 203 Engineers in Camp. - - 222 

Professor Corson's Attitude towards Recent Alumni Publications - 222 

Literature, ]>y Arnold Uaultuht, Correspondence : 

M.A. - - 211 Examinations in Music - 222 

La Conference de M. Hugues Leroux, J'o*t-Graduate Work 223 

By M. St. Elruc dt Champ, B. es L. 214 News from the Classes : 

JN'ew Medical Faculty Building Graduates in Arts, 1890. - 223 

21(i, 217, 221 Metlicine, 1887. 225 

New Building for Mineralogy, " of the School of 

Geology and Chemistry. 218, 221 Practical Science, 1890-7. 225, 226 

Residence for Women Students' Personals 226 

Victoria College - 219, 221 Marriages ... 228 

Deaths 228 



PROFESSOR JAMES FORMER!, LL.D. 

BY WM. OLDRIGHT, M.A., M.D. 

OF the freshmen who entered the University when the portals of 
the Main Building were first thrown open for the reception 
of students in October, 1859, the honour men in Modern Lan- 
guages were, in alphabetical order: Geo. Corbett, J. M. Gibson, 
W. B. McMurrich, W. G. McWilliams, W. Mulock, W. Oldright, 
T. H. Scott, J. Shaw, and (at matriculation) Geo. Wilkins. 
Of our seniors then taking Modern Languages, J. A. Boyd was 
facile princeps, he and J. T. Fraser being the candidates for 
"B.A." In the third year came A. Hector, R. McGee, David 
Grmiston and J. Turnbull; and in the second, J. M. Buchan, 
"W. J. Crawford, J. Monroe Gibson and S. "Woods. There are two 
or three of our juniors who, by reason of subsequent close associa- 
tion with the department, are needed to complete the picture 
of Professor Forneri's little academic household. J. S. Wilson, 
the prizeman of the succeeding year, and ~VY. H. Yander Smissen 
and W. G. Falconbridge, who afterwards took portions of the late 
professor's work. Our lecture room looked out on the eastern 



202 UNIVERSITY o TORONTO MONTHLY 

- 

slope and drive. Professor Forneri's private room was on the 
opposite side of the corridor. And now we must introduce the 
central figure. The Professor was under the average height, with 
a ruddy face, high forehead and grey hair; his manner was genial, 
kindly and pleasant. In looking back one is reminded by him of 
the popular descriptions of "Little Bobs." Both were military men 
and both were loved by their followers. The personal resemblance 
was greater than that shown by the portrait at the commencement 
of this article, which was taken many years later. At this time 
he was bright and cheerful, and did an amount of work which was 
far in excess of the work of the average professor. 

In the preparation of this sketch we have the assistance of a 
short and modest autobiography. His ancestors were originally 
Frenchmen of Paris; and the family name of Desfourneris fre- 
quently occurs amongst the judges, lawyers, senators, doctors and 
pielates, both before and after their emigration to Italy, shortly 
before the massacre of St. Bartholomew. The name went through 
the transitions "Desfourneris/ 7 "De Forneris," "De Forneri, v 
and finally the aristocratic prefix of the semi-noble family was 
thrown away by the disgusted young patriot of our narrative. 
His father, David Emanuel De Forneri, a prominent lawyer at 
Rome, married Margaret de Gorresio, the eldest daughter an I 
heiress of a wealthy physician of Ceva in Piedmont. Amongst 
the property thus inherited was the estate " II Macagno," in Rac- 
coniggi, near Turin, and here Giacomo De Forneri in our English 
tongue, James Forneri was born in June or July of one of the 
early years of the French Revolution, or shortly before it, 

His father and grandfather died whilst he was an infant, their 
deaths being hastened by the persecution of the transalp : ne 
sans-culottes, and his family were frequently laid under contribu- 
tion until Bonaparte restored order. James and his elder brother 
were placed under tutors to be prepared for the Church and the 
Law respectively; the latter proceeding to the University of Turin 
and the former to the Ecclesiastical Seminario Romano, in Rome, 
but, at the end of the third year in Divinity, his brother having 
died he took up the Law, and proceeded to the degree of LL.D. in 
the Universita della Sapienza in Rome. 

Signora De Forneri having given up her establishment in Rome, 
lived alternately in Turin and Racconiggi. " My mother stood in 
need of my assistance," says our professor, " and I left Rome for- 
ever. After having completed the three years of practice and 
passed the examinations presented by Law, I was finally admitted 
to the Bar of Turin, where I intended to take up my residence. 



PROFESSOR JAMES FORNERI, LL.D. 203 

But 'Man proposes, and God disposes/ and now begins my ad- 
venturous life." 

When preparing for his grand invasion of Russia, 1812, Na- 
poleon imitated the old Roman policy, and obliged a number of 
young men of distinguished families to form an aristocratic corps 
of hussars called " Garde d'honneur." De Forneri' s regiment, 
the 4th, was detached from the main army at Mainz and so es- 
caped the horrors of Moscow. It rejoined the main army, now 
retreating after the defeat of Leipsic, at Hannau, where Marshall 
Wrede held Napoleon three days to give time for the arrival of 
the allied army. The "Garde d'honneur" being brought up, cut 
their way through the enemy, with great loss. De Forneri escaped 
with a pistol wound grazing his right index finger. Napoleon 
and his army now crossed the Rhine at Mainz and the advanced 
posts of the two armies were stationed along the opposite banks of 
the Rhine. Th fourth regiment was now sent down the river 
between Bonn and Coblentz to watch the enemy. On a foggy 
night, 3rd or 4th of January, 1814, De Forneri was sent with a 
troop to reconnoitre, and they were made prisoners by a band of 
irregular Cossacks, were stripped of all valuables, and sent to 
Rastadt to be handed over to Prince Wittgenstein, general-in-chief 
of the Russian army. On the way they were transferred by the 
Cossacks to the Russian regulars and had to march on foot. Arriv- 
ing at Rastadt they were brought before the governor and De 
Forneri was apparently recognized by an officer, who after asking 
some personal questions returned in about an hour with a paper 
to the governor, who said, " You are set free by order of Prince 
Wittgenstein" a most agreeable diversion from Siberia, It 
turned out that the officer was Count de Meister, formerly a 
Savoyard, nobleman, and now the Prince's aide-de-camp. Ho 
Lad known Senator De Forneri (grandfather) in Rome, and his 
father had had a case in the court where the Senator was relatore. 
Prince Wittgenstein expressed a desire to see the ex-captive the 
next morning at 10 a.m. The professor describes his walking over 
with the Count and how, notwithstanding the assurances of his 
new-made friend, "an inward trepidation crept all over him." 
His description of Wittgenstein is too valuable to be omitted: "I 
met a venerable, middle-sized, plain old man, between 60 and 70, 
\vh< se smiling countenance and benevo'ent looks dispelled at once 
rny fears and restored me to myself. The Prince was at breakfast; 
he did not rise, but slightly bowed, and with a complaisant air, 
pointed to two seats at his table." He would not accept their ex- 
cuses of having breakfasted, but with a witty repartee said: 
" n'importe, on se vient toujours plus severe sur deux pieds, 



'204 UNIVERSITY OF TORONTO MONTHLY 

que sur un seul!" The Prince offered De Forneri a captaincy, 
and later the privilege of following the army as a non-combatant, 
Lnt respected his expressed desire to return as rapidly as possible 
to his mother and sisters, who needed his presence and perhaps 
had not heard of him for two years. This was facilitated in every 
possible way: a feiulle de route, with orders for conveyance and 
maintenance suitable to a " captain, a released prisoner of war, ' 
and the aide added an outfit and purse of gold. The old gentle- 
man, in writing his autobiography fifty years later, refers' in touch- 
ing terms to the Count's answer to his enquiries regarding the 
channel of repayment: "We shall see each other in Turin." They 
I'ever did, but the Prince and his aide had the life-long gratitude 
of our professor. 

At Tubingen he had a narrow escape from fire in the night 
fi an inn and jumped from a window. On arriving at Trent he 
learned that the hostile lines still barred his way through northern 
Italy, and disappointed he went with enforced leisure first to 
Traviso, where a coarse governor offered him the alternative of 
sendee in a regiment of renegades or imprisonment, but was 
forced to give him his visa to Trieste under fear of the wrath of 
Wittgenstein. At Trieste a moment of forgetfulness got him into 
a hand to hand encounter with an Austrian sentry and he was 
glad to get off to the other side of the Adriatic, visiting Padua and 
Vicenza. Here he arrived in time to witness the festivities over 
the capitulation of Paris (31st March, 1815), and finally arrived 
in Turin and Racconiggi, and relieved his mother and sisters from 
their long anxiety. 

He entered into partnership with Avocat Cuechi and intended 
to spend the rest of his life practising his profession in Piedmont; 
but joining in the patriotic movement for the restoration of Italy 
under a constitutional Italian sovereign, a premature discovery 
oi the Carbonari movement obliged him and other young patriots 
to make their way to Genoa and take ship to Barcelona. Hence 
some passed over to England and some to America; but he remained 
with those who wanted to be nearer home, awaiting their chances 
of returning to, it might be of freeing, their native land. Mean- 
while they took sendee in the Cncciatori Italian!, nnd afterwards 
the Foreign Legion. In this latter body some English officers took 
service, including the Colonel of the regiment in which the writer's 
father afterwards held a commission. The object was to uphold the 
lately established constitutional monarchical government against 
the absolutism which the King and beneficed orders were attempt- 
ing to re-impose. After numerous skirmishes extending over a 






PROFESSOR JAMES FORNERI, LL.D. 205 

period of more than two years, De Forneri's military career in Spain 
was wound up in a cavalry charge near Saragossa. His little horse, 
"Moschito," fell wounded in a ravine, with his rider under him; 
on top came more horses, daylight was shut out, but he heard 
pistol shots, clashing of steel, screams, groans and curses, galloping 
of horses and finally the blare of trumpets near and beating of 
drums afar, then a sudden hush. On emerging from the melee he 
found hi in self a prisoiu r of the rear ^uard of the French. He 
and his companions were now taken to Saragossa and after a short- 
time to Agen, in the south of France, where the prisoners were 
"billeted and well treated. After some months' detention there 
he was ordered to leave France for any place except Switzerland. 
He chose England. On the day after his arrival in London, 27th 
May, 1824, he was accosted by a gentleman who was attracted to 
him by his appearance as a stranger and foreigner, and through 
him he made, or renewed, acquaintance with many Italian and 
Spanish refugees who used to frequent a coffee-house near 
Leicester Square. 

He now devoted himself arduously to the mastery of the Eng- 
lish language and became a teacher of modern languages. He 
succeeded in interchanging one or two letters with his mother, and 
in 1829 he received word through a cousin that she had 
died leaving him messages of love, her blessing and a share of her 
fortune, which he was never permitted to enjoy. Through his 
friends he became teacher of Italian in a boarding school near 
London. In 1826, at the request of the late Sir Daniel Sykes, 
M.P., he removed to Hull. After nine or ten years he 
went back to London. Here he met Miss Elizabeth Susannah 
"Wells, a young lady of sixteen, the daughter of a London merchant, 
to whom he was married the 13th March, 1836. He refers in the 
happiest terms to their wedded life. He had heard shortly before 
their marriage that there was a vacancy in the Belfast Royal Aca- 
demical Institution, and they at once left for Belfast. He secured 
a great many pupils amongst the best families in the city and 
neighbouring counties, and soon obtained the head-mastership of 
modern languages already referred to. 

After residing in Belfast for fifteen years he received a letter 
from Nova Scotia offering him a permanent position as teacher 
of Modern Languages in Windsor Collegiate Academy, at a good 
salary, with a free passage for himself and family. He ac- 
cepted, but to his surprise and chagrin, after a few months he 
was informed by the Principal, upon whom the Board of Governors 
cast the responsibility, that after the end of the year his services 



206 UNIVERSITY OF TORONTO MONTHLY 

would no longer be wanted, as there were no more funds to pay his 
salary. Shortly afterwards he heard that some college or university 
in Upper Canada had advertised for a professor of Modern Lan- 
guages. At first he took no action, intending either to return to Bel- 
fast or join his brother-in-law, a school inspector in Sydney, Austra- 
lia. He later wrote to the Provincial Secretary of Upper Canada 
asking about the vacancy, and whether he was too late. He received 
a reply from Dr. McCaul asking him to send his testimonials. So 
little expectation, however, had he, and so uncertain were his 
views and prospects, that he took pas -age for Boston, intending 
to stay there a few days and proceed to New York and take ship 
for Australia. On the way to Boston his wife and one of his 
children became seriously ill, and the dates of sailing for Australia 
were rather too soon, for their recovery, or too far distant to make 
it advisable for him to remain in Boston at a hotel with the ex- 
pense of a large family. In the meantime there was forwarded 
to him a letter from the Rev. Mr. Irvine, a Presbyterian minister 
in Toronto, and formerly one of his Belfast pupils, urging him 
to come to Toronto, where the writer had no doubt he would suc- 
ceed as a teacher of modern languages, and offering the utmost 
assistance to himself and friends. He took this advice. On his 
arrival in Toronto (May, 1853), Mr. Irvine gave him hopeful 
news of his candidature, and told him that the Provincial Secre- 
tary, Mr. afterwards Sir Francis Hincks, was a son of the Rev. 
L'r. Hincks of Belfast. He then sent in a testimonial from the 
latter gentleman which he had with him, and shortly after 
received a favourable reply, and a little later the notice of his 
appointment. 

His life now appears to have passed evenly and without any 
remarkable incident until 1862. when an event occurred which 
cannot be told better than in his own sid words: "August the 
20th, 1862. As it has pleased God to remove my wife to far 
happier regions on the 18th August (this month) at 'half-past two 
o'clock p.m., I have not the heart to proceed further with my 
narration for the present, the blow which Providence has dealt 
me being too severe for me to sustain without repining. I shall 
therefore leave this for some future occasion if the Almighty grant 
ir,e life until then. . . . Now I must occupy my mind with 
more serious and important affairs." 

^The manuscript was not resumed. Although he continued at 
his post until the close of the Michaelmas term, 1865, and was 
married again, this blow appears to have been the commencement 
of that decline which terminated in his death on the 5th Septem- 
ber, 1869. He was buried in St. James 7 Cemetery. 



PROFESSOR JAMES FORNERI, LL.D. 207 

He lost his two infant children in 1857. Of those of our 
time there still survive: Mrs. Reed, a widow lady, of 
Madoc, and two other daughters married respectively to Eev. 
Albert Green of Belleville and to Mr. Frank Wooten of Toronto, 
proprietor of the " Canadian Churchman," also Mr. Henry D. 
Forneri, Civil Engineer, of St. Paul, Minn., and Rev. Richard 
Sykes Forneri, M.A., B.D., of Merrickville. James Ford Forneri, 
B.A., of Trinity College, Toronto, died in New York in 1875; 
Cosford Chalmers Forneri, one of our fellow students, at Rat 
Portage in 1880, and Mrs. Sutton, wife of our fellow student, Dr. 
Henry Sutton of Madoc, in 1892. 

The house in which Professor Forneri lived in our student days 
is still existing as No. 285 Sherbourne Street, a few doors south 
of Gerrard Street. It was then near the head of the residential 
portion of the street, which north of this was mostly wooded. 

Of Dr. Forneri's works, amongst the greatest must be reckoned 
his efforts in the cause of liberty, and the education of the num- 
bers of students of various grades who passed through his hands. 
But he has left some productions of his pen,* amongst which may 
be mentioned two political pamphlets, Remarques sur V Italie, 
and Strenna e capo d'anno al popolo Italiano; dialog o politico sur 
a Im tra Pasquino e Marjario ; also La Lenta e la Calatta 
and some other poems; also some educational works. The writer 
has still in his possession a compact little "Grammar of the Ger- 
man Language/' published in Belfast, which has been of good 
service to many a student of our University and College. 

He also constructed literally a monument of art: during his 
residence in Belfast he and Mrs. Forneri mada -a model in alto 
relievo of modern Rome, "such that the smallest object could be 
seen with the naked eye." In size it was 21 by 28 ft. It was 
too late to be placed in the great Exhibition in 1851, but was 
exhibited at lectures given by Dr. Forneri in Belfast, Liverpool 
and Manchester, and was sold to the Mechanics' Institute of Hull. 

Even the reader who was not personally acquainted with Dr. 
J'orneri will no doubt have been struck with his great versatility. 
As we have looked back upon student days and reviewed them in 
the light of more mature life, we are struck by the accuracy which 
emphasized this. He was always equally ready in French, Ger- 
man or Spanish, as in his native tongue, to give us the grammatical 
rule. In his set lectures in the larger classes he would write out 
these rules illustrated by examples, filling one or two large black- 
boards, and in the senior years would give them to us in his own 

^Enumerated in an article by John King, M.A., K C., published in 
VARSITY in 1881. 



208 UNIVERSITY OF TORONTO MONTHLY 

handwriting on foolscap paper. When he concluded his remarks 
on any subject and sealed them with his, and afterwards our, pet 
expression, "That it is, you see/' we made up .our minds that it was 
all right, and we have never yet found that w were mis-taken. 

Laborious in our interest, scrupulously punctual, truthful and 
the soul of honour, kind-hearted, affable and confidingly com- 
panionable, the veteran soldier and teacher secured a warm place 
in the hearts of his students, and memory would fondly recall 
the days when we could have addressed him in the words of his 
own favourite poet, uttered when looking back to a much more 
distant past: 

" Tu duca? tu signore, e tu maestro" 



BIKD LIFE. 

BY T. OTWAY PAGE, B.A. 



T^IFTY years ago, on fair day in spring, a pair of eagles 
ascended the heavens, as was their custom, a mile more or 
less distant from Point Abino Bay. In their rapid ascent they 
described a series of horizontal arcs and beautiful upward 
curves, the latter being made with motionless wings. A boy of 
twelve, at work in a field near by, watched them until they dis- 
appeared, and wondered why they went up so high. About th* 
same time, as was their custom also, some fish-hawks were flying 
slowly over Point Abino Bay, fifty feet above its surface. Sud- 
denly there was a splash, and for a few seconds a struggle; then one 
of the expert fishers, though not a, water bird, rose from the water 
holding in her talons a three-pound fish admirably adjusted for 
easy portage. Drawing up her feet,' the claws of which grasped 
the backbone of the fish, she set out for home. Would she reach 

t with her prize? Some four or five minutes after the fisher 
started for home, the boy who had watched the eagles ascend above 
the field where he was working, heard cries of distress, and look- 
ing upward to ascertain the cause, discovered that they were made 
by an osprey carrying a fish almost as long as hrself ; and high 
up in the air, perhaps a mile away, he observed a bald eagle com- 
ing down upon her with a speed beyond th power of any other 
nying creature to equal. With the energy of despair, the osprey, 
1 clinging to her well-deserved prize, continued th struggle 
to save it from the merciless enemy, until the latter was only 
two or three hundred feet distant, when she quickly disengaged 
her talons and dropped her precious burden. It was not a 
moment too soon. The delay of even a second would have been 



BIRD LIFE. 209 

fatal. The .imperial robber saw her action, and with consum- 
mate ease made the fish his own before it had fallen twenty feet, 

Does not this scene suggest why the eagles made their sublime 
flight earlier in the day? They were experts at the business of 
robbing. In fact their nest was less than a mile away, and had 
been there for a generation. They well knew that it was useless 
to sit in a tree-top near the lake-shore, watching for old fish-hawks 
to come their way with fish; for they had of ten -tried that method 
in their younger days, just as others of their tribe were then doing, 
and had at last to content themselves with such stale fish as they 
could pick up along the shore. Their later method enabled them 
to scan the lake-shore for miles from a position not only unseen 
by their intended victim, but most suitable for judging the proper 
moiront of attack. 

Other members of the Falconidae, notably the smaller hawks, 
are almost as well endowed with the acute vision and swift loco- 
motion, as well as with the faculty of correctly estimating 
distance and velocity, which have just been exemplified, and they 
also become wiser by experience. This ability of birds to profit 
by experience may be further illustrated by a description of the 
habits of pigeons, as observed by the writer more than fifty years 
ago. Such bird life will never again be seen, at least not in 
Canada. 

Pigeons were accustomed to fly northward over the township 
of Bertie about the first of April. The exact clay for the main 
flight Jasted less than a day depended on the advancement of 
the season, though a few flocks might be seen following the main 
bcdy for two or three days. The flocks were always narrow, 
usually five or six pigeons deep, but varied in length from a few 
feet to three or four miles, the moving line being perpendicular- 
to the line of progress. Often before die spring sowing was 
finished nearly as many went south as had gone north a few weeks 
previously. When these pigeons reached the lake on their jour- 
ney southward, they continued their flight across it without change^ 
if the weather was calm, but, if at all windy, they formed them- 
selves into massive bodies before attempting to pass over, several 
f.ocks often uniting for this purpose. If a very high wind pre- 
vailed, they waited until it became calmer, even if obliged to 
v/ait all night, which they did upon one occasion observed by the 
writer. During that night the woods on, and in the vicinity of, 
Point Abino, for three miles along the shore and two miles inland, 
were so crowded with pigeons that throughout the whole night 
ttere was to be heard a dull mighty roar, caused by the murmur of 
the pigeons disturbed by others falling upon them, or flying against 



210 UNIVERSIffY OF TORONTO MONTHLY 

them, through, the giving away of the overloaded branches. Dur- 
ing these migrations a few thousand always stopped over with us 
for some weeks to feed upon the stubble-fields in their old haunts, 
and a still smaller number stayed, throughout the season, in the 
neighbouring swamps. Doubtless there were similar occurrences 
in various other districts throughout Ontario. 

It is the habit of pigeons to go in search of food in the early 
morning and evening, and to feed in large flocks when this is pos- 
sible; also to confine themselves to one sort of food until the 
supply is exhausted, except in the case of fruit-eating, for in- 
stance, during the whortleberry harvest. When the feeding is 
about to begin a small flock first appears in some tree near the 
feeding-grounds. This flock is quickly joined by others, and this 
continues until all the expected guests have arrived. Then all 
but the few which remain in the trees as sentinels take their place 
on the ground and move along side by side, straight forward, half 
as fast as a man usually walks. The rear ranks, evidently find- 
ing too few grains to suit them, fly to the front, so that in the 
case of a large flock there is apparently a rolling motion forward, 
reminding the observer of a white-capped wave. A large flock 
r.ever feeds long before rising in a body to return to the trees 
in which the sentinels are stationed. Again and again, if not 
disturbed, the birds descend to feed and return to the trees until 
F.11 have become satisfied, and doubtless a change of sentinels 
t'tkes place at each descent If at any time the sentinels leave 
the trees, immediately all take to flight, perhaps to return after 
circling over the fields for a few minutes. When the feeding 
is ended they break up into small flocks and fly away to different 
parts of the woods, where they sit motionless for hours, unless 
disturbed. If one of them discovers a person approaching, it rises 
to its feet and nods in a curious way, evidently undecided whether 
to go or stay. Their summoning call sounds like ' eet/ pro- 
nounced rapidly six or eight times. 

That the wild pigeon is passing off the stage of action without 
reaching a high state of bird civilization is evident to all observers. 
Let us look for the causes, and we shall find the most potent, 
v/ithin the control of the bird itself, to be its conduct in relation 
to its home. Its nest closely resembles that of the black-billed 
cuckoo, being- a shapeless platform of sticks, unsightly, uncom- 
fortable, and unsafe, but unlike the black-bill, it never takes the 
trouble to find a secluded place in which to build it. This the 
black-bill has learned to do as effectually as any other bird, and 
this acquisition will probably save it from extinction. Neither 
ot these birds ever attempts to defend its home. The engrossing 



BIRD LIFE. 211 

thought of the pigeon seems to be to provide for its personal 
safety, and it invariably does this by flying away from its enemies, 
not by fighting them. The result of the habit is seen in the weak 
bill, and the incomparable flying machinery of this bird. A few 
of the hawks, for a short distance, can fly faster than the pigeon, 
but none can change the direction of its flight so sharply and so 
quickly. The possession of a tail of peculiar shape and length, 
and doubtless also of great power, gives the pigeon its superior 
d edging ability, and enables it when on the wing, and not ham- 
pered by too many companions, to baffle the fiercest and swiftest 
07 its winged enemies. But superior ability as a flying-machine 
crnnot compensate for a wretched home and neglected offspring, 
more especially when to these defects must be added a tendency 
to form into flocks to seek food or safety. In the one case this 
greatly increases the difficulty of the food question; in the other 
it renders the bird an easy prey to its enemies. However, the 
fecundity of the pigeon proved sufficient to repair all losses before 
tie coming of man with his axe and gun. Near this new enemy 
she struggled for a time to live, admirably exemplifying the 
doctrine of non-resistance, until at last she discovered her danger- 
ous situation, and, true to her strongest impulse, flew far away, 
to starve. 



PROFESSOR CORSON'S ATTITUDE TOWARDS 
LITERATURE. 

BY ARNOLD HAULTAIN, M.A. -<, 

IT is not often that two famous and septuagenarian professors 
of a foreign university appear on a platform in Toronto to- 
gether. This happened last month, when Mr. Goldwin Smith, 
Emeritus Professor of Cornell, introduced Dr. Corson, for thirty 
years the sole Professor of English Literature at that university. 
The credit for extending the invitation so graciously accepted 
by Professor Corson is due to that circle of enterprising young 
ladies known, under the principalship of Miss Maude Masson, as 
"The Round Table"* not to be confounded with institutions 
of similar name but sedater hue. To them our thanks are duly 
and cordially given. 

* Though an outsider, even when armed with the Round Table [Soil. 
Annual], Vol. i., No. 1, 1901, may perhaps be pardoned if he is somewhat 
puzzled by the multiformity of such appellations as " The Conservatory of 
Music," "The Conservatory School of Literature and Expression," "The 
Conservatory School of Elocution," " The Conservatory Club of Oratory and 
Debate," and "The Round Table." 



212 UKLVEHSI/JPY OF TOKONTO MONTHLY 

Dr. Corso-n deserved ampler audiences than lie gained, though, 
those audiences were earnest and sympathetic. His delightful 
little works on " The Aims of Literary Study/' and " The Voice 
and Spiritual Education/' his Introductions to Shakespeare and 
Milton and Browning and Chaucer, and his " Primer of English 
Versification " were, to all conversant with these, proof enough 
that we should meet an interesting personality, a beautiful mind, 
ar.d an original teacher. Our expectations were more than fui- 
f'lled. But it is not for a junior to laud his elders. 

The present writer once put to a circle of educated and cultured 
friends the question: "Is it possible to determine what it is that, 
at. bottom, makes a work of art permanently popular?" He got 
no definite answer. Xow, that is the very question to which Dr. 
Corson's lecture did give a definite answer, and in no uncertain 
scund was it given. With Dr. Corson the value and the perman- 
ence of a great work of art depend upon its spiritual significance. 
Homer, Chaucer, Shakespeare, Dante, Milton, live because they 
are spiritually significant. Beneath the body of thought, beneath 
the intellectual insight, beneath the beauty of form, beneath the 
truth to fact, there is embodied in the work of the great artist 
a great spirituality. 

Dr. Corson is not at pains to define strictly what he means by 
spirituality. Nor do we ask it of him. That would be to attempt 
to reduce to exact articulate expression a thing which is, 
assumedly, above and beyond exact articulate expression. A 
purely abstract intellectual proposition, as he showed us, could be 
so reduced; but the artist deals with things far more subtle than 
abstract intellectual propositions. "By the spiritual I mean,"' 
Professor Corson says in one of his prefaces, "man's essential, 
absolute being; and I include in the term the emotional, the sus- 
ceptible or impressible, the sympathetic, the instinctive, the in- 
tuitive, in short, the whole domain of the non-intellectual, the 
non-discursive." Elsewhere he speaks of the spiritual, in Brown- 
ing's phrase, as the "What Is" in man. 

The manifestation of this spirituality will always take on form. 
In fact it is by and through form alone that spirit manifests 
itself as needs must be; though the psychology of that fact is 
a deep and an interesting problem. The "What Is" in man can 
at present communicate with its fellows, so it seems, only through 
form. It is through Eye-gate and Ear-gate that the city of Man- 
soul is assailed. 

It will be seen that there is a high and refreshing mysticism in 
Dr. Corson's attitude towards literature. Not that he would for 
a moment permit the adoption of that word: never once did he 



DR. CORSON'S ATTITUDE TOWARDS LITERS TU.lt:. 213 

make use of it himself. NOY need we be surprised. In a material- 
istic day, and to the unmystical, a mystic is supposedly akin to 
jm alchemist: a searcher after impossible realities and for results 
palpably absurd the philosopher's stone, the elixir of life; <i 
dealer in magic and spells. And yet we may very truly say that 
there is in this attitude of mind towards literature a high and 
laudable mysticism ; a mysticism that declines to admit that vortex- 
rings, or atoms and molecules, or even that ions and electrons, 
explain everything; a mysticism that, in Wordsworth's phrase, 
tries to see beyond these "into the life of things;" a mysticism 
that is assured that there is 

" A motion and a spirit, that impels 

All thinking things, all objects of all thought, 

And rolls through all things;" 

A mysticism that regards all Life as a huge and endless Lam- 
padedromian race, and all individual beings as carriers and handers- 
on of the Torch. Some such mysticism was in Plato (though, as 
Professor Hutton acutely remarks, Plato probably had " a hatred 
of all mysticism except his own "), was in Wordsworth, was in 
Carlyle, was in Shelley. 

That mysticism of this high sort can and does go hand in hand 
with the strictest and most modern scientific spirit, the works of 
M. Maurice Maeterlinck show. He is an evolutionist of the 
evolutionists, is Mons. Maeterlinck; and yet alike in his dramas, 
iii his prose essays, and his latest and wonderful book " La Vie des 
AbeiHes," we find him searching for that invisible, inscrutable, 
immaterial, yet essential medium between mind and mind, or as 
he would say, between soul and soul, which we feel he truly 
believes to exist, and which, such is his faith, he makes us truly 
believe to exist. "There is a moment/' says AUamore to Asto- 
lane, "when souls touch each other." 

And may not this belief with which Maeterlinck imbues us be 
a strictly scientific belief? The channels by which soul knows 
and is known are supposed now to be, in man, I believe, six in 
number. Ages ago they were fewer; ages hence there may be 
more. What if some, day we possess six hundred senses! What 
if some day the wall of sense be completely razed, and the 
scul of man and the soul of the universe be found contiguous and 
conterminous ! 

Between Dr. Corson and M. Maeterlinck, divergent as their 
lines of thought and work are, a certain kinship is discernible. 
Both believe in a noumenal beneath the phaenomenal ; both seek 
the lasting beneath the fleeting; to both matter is a mode of 
spirit; and both strive to discern the spiritual under the material. 



214 UNIVERSITY OF TORONTO MONTHLY 

It is refreshing, it is revivifying to see an earnest and zealous, 
though septuagenarian, student and teacher of all that is best in 
English literature, so free from the pedagogy of the schools, so 
insistent on the nobler significance of poetry and art, so persistent 
in preaching the necessity of forsaking the mere anatomical dis- 
section of a poet's work, so strenuous in impressing upon us the 
a]] -import ant educative value of getting beneath the dry details 
of technique, and historical sources, and environment, and ex- 
ternal influences, and what not, and of imbibing, or of learning to 
imbibe so far as in us lies, the very soul and spirit of the great 
artist, the great man. By those who heard them, Dr. Corson's 
two lectures in Toronto will not soon be forgotten. 

LA CONFERENCE DE M. HUGUES LEROUX. 

BY M. ST. ELME DE CHAMP, B. 6s L. 

A ceux qui nieraient 1'immense influence de la langue et de 
la litterature franchises, que d'aucuns pretendent en decadence, 
sur le monde moderne, il sumrait de citer la tentative faite par 
M. Hyde, de New York, pour reduire a neant leurs preventions. 

M. Hyde, qui est un fervent admirateur de tout ce qui est 
francais, a eu la genereuse ide'e de fonder a I'Umversite Harvard 
un " Cercle Francais," et d'y amener chaque annee un des maitres 
de la litterature contemporaine pour y donner une serie de 
conferences. 

Le succes obtenu par le premier confe'rencier, M. Brunetiere, 
a ete tel qu'un grand nombre d'universites ont demande a avoir, 
apres Harvard, le benefice de sa parole. Et les orateurs des 
ann^es suivantes, M.M. Doumic, de Regnier et Gaston Deschamps, 
se sont vus obliges de demeurer trois mois en Ame'rique pour 
repondre aux demandes, sans cesse augmentant, des centres 
d'education des tats -Urns et du Canada. 

Jusqu'a cette ann^e, nous avions eu le regret de voir tous ces 
hommes d'universelle renommee traverser Toronto sans s'y 
arreter. Oet hiver, pourtant, le d^partement francais a paye 
d'audace et pris la responsibility d'arreter au passage 1'orateur de 
1'annee. 

Ce n'est pas ici le lieu d'exposer a quelles series de tracas, 
d'inquietudes et de tourinents, une pareille initiative a soumis les 
infortunes qui 1'avaient prise. C'est fini, Dieu merci ! Et puisque 
audaces fortuna juvat et que finis coronal opus, nous nous 
frottons actaellement les mains du resultat obtenu. 

C'esfc a M. Hugues Leroux qu'etait e'chue la tache de traverser 
1'Atlantique en 1902 et de nous apporter la bonne parole du 
*' cerveau du monde." 



LA CONFERENCE DE M. HUGUES LEROUX. 215 

Je ne referai pas, tous les journaux en ayant donne un court 
apergu, la biographie de 1'illustre romancier, auteur dramatique, 
diplomate, explorateur, etc., etc., elle est merveilleuse, unique. 

II me suffira de dire que le cinqavril cet Eminent conferencier 
a ten'u une heure durant son auditoire sous le charme de sa parole. 
Le theme choisi etait ce!ui-ci : " Le Roman Contemporain est-il 
une peinture exacte de la Societe Franchise ? " 

Certes, c'est un sujet sur lequel tout Frangais est pret a 
soutenir la negative, et, a defaut d eloquence, son coeur de patriote 
et d'honnete homme lui fournit, a foison, les arguments necessaires 
pour sortir victorieux du debat. 

Les arguments employe's par M. Leroux, ce sont les memes 
que tout Fran^ais habitant 1'Ame'rique a eu cent fois 1'occasion de 
jeter a la figure de ses adversaires. Oui ! ce sont les memes, car 
ces arguments sont la verite, et la ve'rite ne change pas, quant au 
fond, qu'elle sorte timide de la bouche inexperimentee des humbles 
ou qu'elle s'elance fulgurante des levres de 1'orateur de ge'nie. 

Mais la forme ! Qui a jamais revetu si magnifiquement cette 
verite que ne 1'a fait M. Leroux ? Oh ! ces expressions exactes, 
ces mots justes, tantot mordants, amers un peu, tantot tendres, 
conciliants, calins; ces images d'une nettete et d'une justesse 
inouie ; ces phrases souples, harmonieuses, ondoyantes, s'unissant 
ies unes aux autres sans a-coups, sans arrets, en une symphonic 
d'une infinie douceur ou revient en leit-motiv, ici a peine susurre, 
la eclatant en fanfare, le mot " France " ; cette diction, ce debit 
semblable a une longue caresse, a 1'allure charmeuse, enveloppante, 
feline ou feminine, on ne sait au juste, mais qui convainc; tout 
cela constitue la personnalite unique qui a nom Hugues Leroux 
que certains denomment le roi des conferenciers, et dont un 
critique parisien tres en vue, disait : " Je ne connais pas de 
causeurs plus captivants, je n'en ai jamais rencontre de plus 
redotutables ; il parle d'or." 



ANNOUNCEMENT. 

Alumni of the University of Toronto, who are not already sub 
scribers to the UNIVERSITY OF TORONTO MONTHLY or who have not paid 
their annual fee to the Alumni Association, should send one dollar to 
the Secretary at once. This will insure the receipt of all publications 
issued by the Association during the present year. The presence of the 
word " Paid " in red ink on the wrapper of this issue shows that the 
receiver's fee for the current year has been paid. 

UNIVERSITY OF TORONTO MONTHLY is published during the college year 
In nine monthly issues. The subscription price is ONE DOLLAR per year, 
single copies? FIFTEEN CENTS. All subscriptions are credited, October- 
June. 

All communications should be addressed to the Secretary of the 
University of Toronto Alumni Association, Dean's House, University 
of Toronto. 





1 

\\ 


'] 


I 






220 



UNIVERSITY OF TORONTO MONTHLY 



TORONTONENSIA 



UNIVERSITY OF TORONTO 
MONTHLY. 

ADDRESS ALL COMMUNICATIONS FOB 
PUBLICATION TO THE SECRETARY, UNI- 
VERSITY OF TORONTO. 

Published monthly, October June. 
Subscription $1.00 a year, single copies 

15 cts. 

All subscriptions are credited, October- 
June. 

EDITORIAL BOARD. 

I. H. CAMERON, M.B., Chairman. 

J. C. MCLENNAN, Ph.D., Secretary. 

J. FLETCHER, M.A., LL.D.; A. R. 
BAIN, M.A., LL.D.; A. B. MACALLUM, 
M.B., Ph. D.; J. A. COOPER, B.A., 
LL.B.; L. E. EMBREE, M.A.; HON. S. C. 
BIGGS, B.A.; T. A. RUSSELL, B.A.; GEO. 
WILKIE, B.A.; S. J. ROBERTSON, B.A., 
Managing Editor. 

THE UNIVERSITY OF TORONTO ALUMNI 

ASSOCIATION: LOCAL ORGANIZATIONS 

DIRECTORY. 

GENERAL ASSOCIATION. President, 
DR. R. A. REEVE, Toronto. Secretary, 
J. C. MCLENNAN, Ph. D., Dean's House, 
University of Toronto. 

ALGOMA, DISTRICT OF. President, 
REV. J. ALLAN, B.A., Sault Ste. Marie, 
Ont; Secretary-Treasurer, LESLIE A. 
GREEN, B.A., Sault Ste. Marie, Ont. 

BRANT COUNTY. President, A. J. 
WILKES, LL.B., K.C., Brantford, Ont.; 
Secretary, M. J. KEANE, M.B., Brant- 
ford, Ont. 

BRITISH COLUMBIA. Presi den t, REV. 
R. WHITTINGTON, M.A., B.Sc., Vancou- 
ver, B.C. 

ELGIN COUNTY, ONT. President, REV. 
CANON HILL, St. Thomas. Secretary, 
S. SILCOX, B.A., B. Psed., St. Thomas. 

GREY AND BRUCE. President, A. G. 
MCKAY, B.A., Owen Sound, Ont. 
Secretary, W. D. FERRIS, M.B., Shallow 
Lake, Ont. 

HASTINGS COUNTY. -President, LT.- 
COL. W. N. PONTON, M.A., Belleville. 
Secretary, J. T. LUTON, B.A., Belleville. 



HURON COUNTY. President, WM. 
GUNN, M.D, Clinton, Ont. Secretary- 
Treasurer, CHAS. GARROW, B.A., LL.B., 
Goderich, Ont. 

KENT COUNTY President, D. S. 
PATERSON, B.A., Chatham, Ont. Sec- 
retary, Miss GRACE MCDONALD, B.A., 
Chatham, Ont. 

LENNOX AND ADDINGTON COUNTIES. 
President, H. M. DEROCHE, B.A., K.C., 
Napanee. Secretary-Treasurer, U. J. 
FLACK, M.A., Napanee. 

LINCOLN COUNTY. President, JOHN 
HENDERSON, M.A., St. Catharines. 
Secretary-Treasurer, G. B. BURSON, 
B.A., St. Catharines. 

MIDDLESEX COUNTY. President, TAL- 
BOT MACBETH, B.A., K.C., London. 
Secretary-Treasurer, F. E. PERRIN, B.A., 
London. 

OTTAWA. President, E. R. CAMERON, 
M.A., Ottawa. Secretary-Treasurer, H. 
A.BURTSRIDGE, B.A., Ottawa. 

PERTH COUNTY, ONT. President, C. J. 
MCGREGOR, M.A., Stratford, Ont. 
Secretary-Treasurer, C. A. MAYBERRY, 
B.A., LL.B., Stratford, Ont. 

PETERBOROUGH COUNTY. President, 
E. B. EDWARDS, B.A., LL.B., K.C., 
Peterborough. Secretary-Treasurer, D. 
WALKER, B.A., Peterborough. 

PRINCE EDWARD COUNTY. President, 
M. CURRIE, B.A., M.B., Picton. Secre- 
tary-Treasurer, A. W. HENDRICK, B.A., 
Picton. 

SIMCOE COUNTY. President, DONALD 
Ross, B.A., LL.B., Barrie, Ont.; 
Secretary-Treasurer, A. F. HUNTER, 
M.A., Barrie, Ont. 

VICTORIA COUNTY. President, J. C. 
HARSTONE, B.A., Lindsay, Ont. Secre- 
tary-Treasurer, Miss E. G. FLAVELLE, 
B.A., Lindsay, Ont. 

WATERLOO COUNTY. President, His 
HONOUR JUDGE CHISHOLM, Berlin, Ont. 
Secretary-Treasurer, REV. W. A. BRAD- 
LEY, B.A., Berlin, Ont. 

WELLINGTON COUNTY, ONT. Presi- 
dent, WM. TYTLER, B.A., Guelph, Ont. 
Secretary-Treasurer, R. L. McKiNNON, 
B.A., LL.B., Guelph, Ont. 

WENTWORTII COUNTY GRADUATES ' 
ASSOCIATION. President, J. CHISHOLM, 
B.A., Hamilton, Ont. Secretary- 
Treasurer, J. T. CRAWFORD, B.A., Ham- 
ilton, Ont. 



221 



Third Annual Dinner of the Uni- 
versity of Toronto Alumni 
Association. 

The annual Convocation and closing 
exercises, of the University of Toronto will 
bring graduates from all directions to 
Toronto on June 13th'. The class of 1902 
will receive their parchments and honor- 
ary degrees will be conferred on a number 
of distinguished men in the afternoon. 

The third annual dinner of the Alumni 
will be held at 7.30 in ihe evening in the^ 
Gymnasium, when many leading graduates 
will make short speeches and the old-time 
college songs and glees will be sung. Dr. 
Osier and President Remsen of Johns 
Hopkins will be among the guests. 

Reduced rates will be secured on all 
railways, and graduates wishing to avail 
themselves of these will be careful to ask 
for standard railway certificates from the 
local agent when purchasing their single 
fare tickets to Toronto- These certificates 
will be countersigned by the Secretary of 
the Alumni Association and return tickets 
at reduced rates will be issued. 

Full particulars of th^ dates and dura 
tion of tickets and the programme of the 
dinner will appear in the daily papers. 



Mineralogy, Geology and Chemistry 
Building. 

On page 218 is a view of the main facade 
of the Mineralogy, Geology and Chemistry 
Building to be erected for the School cf 
Practical Science by the Ontario Govern- 
ment. The style is, Italian Renaissance. 
The main facade will be towards Col- 
lege Street, having a frontage of 260 
feet, With wings extending northerly on 
the east end for 104 feet, and on the west 
end 132 feet. The boiler room, power 
room and milling building are located in 
the rear of the centre, extending about 150 
feet. The building will be four stories in 
height, of 16 feet in each story; the two 
lower stories being in brown stone and the 
two upper stories of brick, with stone 
architraves, etc., to the windows, the 
architrave of the main cornice being also 
of stone. Three gables stand out from tte 
main structure, supported by Doric 
columns of stone, with carved capitals. 
The east, west and northern facades are in 
keeping with the main front. The main 
entrance is approached by a flignt of stone 
steps, with entrances underneath on each 
side to the basement. The centre gable is 
surmounted by a circular dome about 35 
feet in diameter, into which will be con- 
ducted the various ventilating pipes. The 



west wing will be-principally used for 
chemistry. Mining and geology will oc- 
cupy most of the central portion of the 
building on the basement, ground and first 
floors, and the whole of tiie east wing on 
the upper floor. The two lower floors of 
the east wing being in one large compart- 
ment will be used as a museum. Provision 
has been made so that these wings can be 
extended if required. 

The New Medical Faculty Building. 

Two illustrations of the new University 
Medical Building appear on pages 216 anil 
217. The elevation is that which is to 
face the \vest, and looks upon the Uni- 
versity lawn. The ground floor plan indi- 
cates the distribution and arrangement of 
the rooms on the unit principle, each 
laboratory unit having the dimensions of 
23x30 feet, and accommodating twenty- 
four students. The first and second floors 
of the building are almost wholly given up 
to such laboratories of the unit size. 

The erection will be commenced imme 
djately^nd it is expected that the building 
will be ready for occupation by the begin- 
ning of 1903. When completed," the Medical 
Faculty and the Physiological Department, 
so far a* accommodation is concerned, will 
have laboratories and lecture rooms of the 
most modern and approved type. 



The Victoria Women's Residence. 

On page 219 we present an illustra- 
tion of the residence for women 
students now being erected for Vic- 
toria College. This will supply at 
least in part a long felt want in our 
university system and possibly be the 
beginning of a new departure in the 
university education of the women of 
the Province. The residential College 
can, it is claimed, offer advantages to 
women students which it is impossible 
for them to secure in any other way. 

The new building is of pressed brick 
and stone. The basement, besides 
storerooms, laundry and furnace, will 
contain a large trunk-room, a gym- 
nasium, 25 x 70, and shower baths and 
dressing-rooms. On the ground floor 
there will be a reception room, 
library, musifC-room, offices for the 
principal, the matron and the instruc- 
tor in physical culture, a cloak-room, 
an assembly room to seat 150 persons, 
which can by folding doors be en- 
larged to seat 250; a dining-room to 



UXJLVERSll Y OF TORONTO MONTHLY 



s^at eiyl.tv 7 . vvliicb can be opened into 
the assembly-room so as to seat 150; 
and a wide hall, 15 x 100, with large 
vestibule and broad staircase amend- 
ing to the upper flats. The kitchen 
has been designed under the supervi- 
sion of tne Principal of the Lillian 
Massey Normal Training School of 
Household Science, and will embody 
the most modern ideas. The first and 
second floors are occupied by dormi- 
tories, about fifty in number, eight or 
ten of which will accommodate two 
students each. On each flat is a wide 
hall corresponding to that on the 
ground floor. In addition to the wide 
double staircase and the back stairs 
for the servants apartments, au elo- 
vator connects all the flats of the 
building. In the wing above the 
kitchen and servants' apartments is 
placed a most complete infirmary 
thoroughly isolated, consisting of a 
sick ward,, convalescent rooms, nurse's 
room and pantry and bath-room. 
These rooms are constructed so as to 
be capable of perfejct disinfection and 
are provided with open fire-place and 
ventilating flues and are beautifully 
lighted from east and south. 

Each floor communicates with bal- 
conies on three sides of the building, 
and the flooring, wainscotting and 
woodwork throughout are intended to 
be fire-proofed wood, making this the 
safest educational building in the 
country. The heating is by steam, 
with ventilating flues worked by a fan. 

At the laying of the corner stone 
which took place April 29th, a most 
representative assembly gathered and 
addresses were delivered by Dr. Car- 
man, Dr. Potts and the Honourable 
the Minister of Education. 

Engineers in Camp. 

The Toronto Field Company of En- 
gineers, 50 strong, under Captain W. 
R. Lang, Lieutenants J. T. M. Burn- 
side, B.A., Sc., and A. C. McDougall, 
went into camp on Garrison Commons 
on May 1st, and spent the next twelve 
days in the routine of soldier life. 

Reveille sounded at 6.30, and, after 
a cup of coffee and a biscuit the com- 
pauy paraded for company drill, while 
Sergeant Gzowski drilled the recruits. 
After an 8 o'clock breakfast the en- 
gineers paraded in their canvas overalls 
at 9.80, and engaged in field works 



and building bridges. The mounted 
section drilled daily, and signalling 
also was practised. 

While in icamp the engineers were 
inspected by Colonel Otter, D.O.C., 
and by Captain C. B. O. Syinons, R.E., 
who expressed themselves as greatly 
pleased with the work of the corps. 
The earth-works constructed during 
the camp were blown up after the in- 
suection, which took place on the 10th. 
After spending Saturday at the Long 
Branch ranges and having a church 
parade on Sunday, camp was struck 
on (Monday. 

The men of the Company all ex- 
pressed appreciation of the hearty 
manner in which Captain Lang took 
part in the work of the icamp, and 
the kindly interest he displayed in 
the comfort of the men and the suc- 
cess of the outing. 



Recent Alumni Publications. 



. B.A.. '83. M. 
A., '85, Ph. D., Leland Stanford Uni- 
versity Cal., " The Antigone of So- 
phocles," translated in conjunction 
with A. W. Murray. 

John McKay, B.A., '99, Toronto, 
" Summer Days in the Holy Laud." 

Correspondence. 

Examinations in Music 
Editor of the 

UNIVERSITY MONTHLY: 

Dear Sir, In view of the establish- 
ment of examinations in practical 
music by the University of Toronto, 
and seeing that the time is approach- 
ing when the scheme will be put to 
its initial test, and must show its 
efficiency or the reverse, I venture, as 
an outsider, that is, one who is non- 
resident in Toronto, an(f is free from 
all local influence, to offer a few 
thoughts on the scheme, which may 
strengthen the support of those who 
are already in its favour, or may turn 
some who are wavering to see a real 
value in something which they think 
perhaps at present is visionary. 

The action of the University in com- 
mencing these examinations is, I be- 
lieve, the result of an appeal from the 
" Associated Musicians of Ontario," 
that examinations should be held by 
the Universit/ as 1 a guarantee that 
they will be entirely free from the 
influence of any of the local teaching 



TOHONTOXENS1A 



223 






institutions. To desire such examina- 
tions to be free from such influence 
is not necessarily to belittle the ex- 
aminations held by the College or the 
Conservatory, or any other teaching 
institution; but it is only reasonable 
to ask that the standard of practical 
musi|c to which the music students 
are asked to apply themselves all 
over the Province should not be set 
by one of several separate, uncon- 
nected, and often hostile institutions, 
but should be set by an institution 
that is of a national 'Character, that 
the tests may be uniform from one 
end of the Province to the other, and 
that so the candidates may know ex- 
actly how they stand with regard to 
each other. 

It was undoubtedly this view that 
led the two great English music 
schools, the Royal Academy of Music 
and the Royal College of (Music, to 
join amicable hands and form an 
" Associated Board " wh:'|ch offers one 
standard of examinations throughout 
the whole empire. The best musi- 
cians in England are their examinerr, 
and their examinations are very 
searching. I speak of what I know, 
for I have been present on several 
occasions at the examinations, and 
have seen candidates ruthlessly 
plucked who would have successfully 
passed many a local examination. It 
i=5 well known that the standard of an 
examination is not the syllabus as 
drawn up on paper, but the excellence 
of the performance required by the 
examiner. An elaborate prospectus 
looks very imposing; but passing can- 
didates at a low percentage destroys 
the value of the examination. 

If the examinations held under the 
auspices of the University are to take 
their place as the Ontario Music 
Standard, as I believe they will, it 
must bs established from the outset 
that the candidates will be expected 
to present a finished performance of 
whatever they undertake, rather than 
a crude performance of something 
quite beyond them. 

In the hope and belief that this 
movement is one that will conduce to 
a higher standard and a healthier tone 
in the music work of Ontario, and 
thanking you for your space, 
I am, dear sir, 

Yours faithful 1 ^. 

J. E. P. ALDOUS, 

Hamilton, April 21st, 1902. 



Post Graduate Work. 

A graduate of the class of '99, who 
has taken post-graduate work in some 
leading universities of the United 
States, writes : " I rind the MONTHLY 
very interesting, but I think something 
ought to be said to urge on the growth 
or expansion of the University. I 
think the MONTHLY is not sufficiently 
strong in urging the development of 
the post-graduate department. '1 he Uni- 
versity of Toronto is very weak in this 
respect, and it ought to be stronger. 
In its undergiaduate work it has no 
equal on this continent, unless it be 
Yale. I doubt if the great mass of 
graduates of our University have any 
.idea of the superior position Toronto 
holdwhpn compared with even Harvard 
cr Yale in undergradute work. Could 
there not be some means taken to 
show this, that the graduates throughout 
^the United States and Canada would 
have a better knowledge of the great- 
ness of their Alma Mater? 

I do not think I am too emphatic, 
for I have* met students from many 
col eges and universities, most of them 
with a year or two of graduate work 
in addition to their A.B. degree, and 
none of them, it seemed to me, show 
sush careful preparation m their spe- 
niql work as the average graduate of 
Toronto. 

You are well aware of the opinion 
Harvard professors have of our gradu- 
ates'. I think this all goes to shew the 
superior undergraduate work done at 
Toronto. But do our graduates know 
that? It may be out of place for a 
great institution of learning to adver- 
tise itself in this way, but I believe, 
if some means were taken to put this 
fact before the people, it would do 
something more than create an intense 
spirit of pride in our University, which 
ol itself would be worth the lai oar. 



NEWS FROM THE CLASSED. 
The personal news is compiled from information 
furnished by the Secretary of the University of Toi on to 
Alumni Association, and by the Secretaries of local 
organizations, and from other reliable sources. The 
value of this department might be greatly enhanced 
if University of Toronto men everywhere would con- 
tribute to it. The correction of' any error will be 
gratefully received by the Secretary of the Alumni 
Association 

Graduates in Arts, 1890. 
Wm. Begg. B.A., is living in Reef, 
Arizona. R. J. Bonner, B.A., is pro- 
fessor in Arts and Law, J. B. Stetson 

University, De Land, Fla. W. C. P. 

Bremner, M.A., M.B., is a physician at 



224 



UNIVERSITY'OF TORONTO MONTHLY 



12 Lower Clapton Road, London, Eng- 

lan( j wm. Brydone, B.A.. LL.B., is 

a barrister in Clinton, Ont. D. A. 

Burgess, M.A., (Ob.) Miss M. A. 

Cameron, B.A.. is living in Oakville, 

Ont. -J. G. Caven, B.A., M.B., is a 

physician at 29 Carlton St., Toronto. 

-Rev. G. C. Chandler, B.A., is a 

Baptist clergyman in Elwood, Ind. 
C. A. Chant, M.A., is a Lecturer in 

Physijcs, University of Toronto. 

Jas. Colling, B.A., is a teacher in 

Lindsay, Ont. J. L. Crawford, B.A., 

is a barrister in Tilsonburg, Ont. 

F. J. A. Davidson, M.A., is associate- 
professor in French, University of 

Cincinnati, Cincinnati, Ohio. Rev. 

J. S. Davidson, B.A., is a Presbyterian 

clergyman in Blantyre, Ont. A. T. 

DeLury, B.A., is Lecturer in Mathe- 
matics, University of Toronto. Rev. 

H. A. Dwyer, B.A., LL.B., is an Angli- 
can clergyman, 24 Boscastle Road, 
London, England. Rev. G. R. Fas- 
ken. R. A., is a Presbvterian clergy- 
man, 60 Howland Ave., Toronto. 

Rev. J. J. Ferguson, B.A., is a Metho- 
dist clergyman in Willowdale, Ont. 

Rev. W. G. W. Fortune, B.A., is a 

Presbyterian clergyman in Cranbfobk, 

B.C. H. B. Fraser, B.A., is living in 

Montreal, Que. W. A. Graham, B.A., 
is a teacher, 657 King St., Ottawa, Ont. 

W. H. Graham, B.A., is a teacher 

in Bishop Ridley College, St. Cath- 
arines, Ont. W. C. Hall, B.A., is a 

barrister, 94 Maitland St., Toronto. 

R. S. Hamilton, B.A., is a teacher 

in Gait, Ont. Rev. A. E. Hannah- 
son, B.A., is a Presbyterian clergyman 

in Arkona, Ont. Rev. H. R. Home, 

B.A., LL.B., is a Presbyterian clergy- 
man in Elora, Ont. W. H. Jenkins, 

B.A., is registrar, Education Depart- 
ment, Normal School, Toronto. 

Rev. W. H. Johnston, B.A., is a Pres- 
byterian clergyman in Chesterfield, 

Ont. J. H. Kerr, B.A., is a teacher 

in Vancouver, B.C. W. D. Kerswell, 

B.A., is at Lincoln University, Ches- 
ter, Pa. F. W. Laing, B.A., is a 

barrister in Nelson, B.C. Miss G. 

Lawler, M.A., is a teacher and lives 

at 435 Jarvis St., Toronto. J. W. 

Mallon, B.A., LL.B., is a barrister at 

1499 King St. W., Toronto. W. C. 

Michell, B.A., is a teaicher in Jarvis 

St. Collegiate Institute, Toronto. 

W. G. Miller, M.A., is professor of 
Geology in the School of Mining, 

Kingston, Ont. Rev. J. F. Mills, B. 

A., is a Baptist clergyman in Grand 



Forks, N. D. Rev. T. H. Mitchell, 

B.A., is a Presbyterian clergyman in 

Barre, Vt. H. R. Moore, B.A., (Ob.) 

Rev. N. Morrison, B.A., is a Pres- 
byterian clergyman at North Portal, 

Assa. Mrs. V. Brown, B.A. (Miss C. 

A. Moss), is living at 52 Huntley St., 

Toronto. A. L. McCrimmon, M.A., 

is principal of Woodstock College, 

Woodstock, Ont. A. A. Macdonald, 

M.A., is a teacher in Upper Canada 

College, Toronto. P. McEachern, B. 

A., is living at 327 Carlton St.. To- 
ronto. J. M. McEvoy, B.A., LL.B V 

is a barrister at 403 Ridout St., Lon- 
don, Ont. A. N. McKay, B.A., is a 

barrister at Salt Lake, Utah. J. A. 

MicKay, M.A., LL.B., is living in Sag- 
maw, Mich. Rev. T. McLachlan, B. 

A., is a Presbyterian clergyman in 

Bolton, Ont. D. H. McLean, B.A., 

is a barrister in Ottawa, Ont. N. 

MacMurchy, B.A., is a teacher in 

Elora, Ont. Rev. H. McQuarrie, B. 

A., is a Baptist clergyman in Tiver- 

ton, Ont. A. R. McRitchie, B.A., 

is a teacher in Morpeth, Ont. Mrs. 

Soames, B.A. (Miss M. Naismith), is 
living in Nassau, Bahama . Islands. 
A. H. Nichol, B.A., M.B., is a phy- 
sician in Listowel, Ont. D. P. 

O'Connell, B.A., is a barrister in 

Peterborough, Ont. G. F. Peterson, 

B.A., is a barrister in St. Catharines, 

Ont. J. H. A. Proctor, B.A., (Ob.) 

W. R. Rutherford, M. A., is a 

teaicher in Sterling, Ont. Mrs. F. H. 

Sykes B.A. (Miss L. L. Ryckman), is 
living at 3729 Locust St., Philadelphia, 
Pa. A. P. Saunders, B.A., is a lec- 
turer in Hamilton College, Clinton, 

N.Y. F. L. Sawyer, B.A., is a tutor 

living at 422 Church St., Toronto. 

Mrs. Brock, B.A. (Miss J. T. Scott), 

is living in Lion's Head, Ont. Rev. 

J. L. Scully, M.A., is an Anglican 

clergyman in Savannah, Ga. A. H. 

Sinclair, M.A., is a barrisler, 46 King 

St. W., Toronto. J. Sinclair, B.A., 

is a teacher in Jameson Ave. Col- 
legiate Institute, Toronto. Rev. C. 

S. Smith, M.A., is 1 a clergyman in Ber- 
lin, Ont. Rev. D. Spear, B.A., is a 

Presbyterian clergyman in Pipestone, 

Man. J. Stafford, B.A., is Fellow in 

Biology, University of Toronto. 

Mrs. E. L. Hills, B.A. (Miss J. Stork), 

is living in Guelph, Ont. A. T. 

Thompson, B.A., LL.B., is a barrister 

in Cayuga, Ont. W. P. Thomson, B. 

A., is a florist, 624 Dovercourt Road, 
Toronto. W. M. Weir, B.A., is liv- 



TOKONTONENSIA 



225 



ing at 108 Carlton St., Toronto. T. 

H. Whitelaw. B.A. M.B., is a phy- 
sician in Edmonton, Alta. W. B. 

Wilkinson, B.A., is a barrister in 

Waterford, Ont. Mrs. R. J. Bon- 

ner, B.A. (Miss A. . Willson), is living 

in Deland Fla. Rev. (Jr. A. Wilson, 

B.A., is a Presbyterian iclergyman in 

Vancouver, B.C. W. A, Wils>n, B. 

A., LL.B., is a barrister in St. Thomas, 

Ont. Rev. W. A Wyllie, B.A., is a 

Presbyterian clergyman in Waubau- 
shene, Ont. 

The addresses of the following are 
unknown: \Vni. Black, b.A. J. C. 

Campbell, B..A J. A. Croll, B.A. 

W. J. Healy, B.A. T. P. Kelso, B.A. 

Wm. McCormack, M.A. A. E. 

Segsworth, B.A. W. F. Seymour, B. 

A. W. E. Woodruff, B.A., LL.B. 



Graduates in Medicine, 1887. 
Geo. Acheson, B.A., '80, M.A., '83, M. 

B., is a physician in Gait, Ont. Jas. 

Applebie, M.D., is a physician in 

Parry Sound, Ont. W. Armstrong, 

M.D., is a physician in Zephyr, Ont. 

O. R. Avison, M.D., is a physician 

in Seoul, Corea. A. D. Barnett, M.B., 

is a physician in St. Paul, Minn. 

S. G. T. Barton, M.D., is a physician 

at 327 Clinton St., Toronto. Jas. 

Bell, M.D., is a physician in Chicago, 
111. J. J. Brown, M.D., is a phy- 
sician in Owen Sound, Ont. J. M. 

Cameron, M.D., is a physician in Gait, 
Ont. Ed. Campbell, M.D., is a phy- 
sician in St. Ignace, Mich. C. T. 
Carle, M.D., is a physician at 381 vVey- 

bosset St., Providence R. I. C. R. 

Charteris, M.D., is a physician in 

Chatham, Ont. W. H. Clapp, M.D., 

is ?. physician in Woburn, Ont. 
W. H. Clarke, M.B., is a physician in 

Lindsay, Ont. A. E. Collins, M.D., 

is a physician at 441 Dearborn St., 

Buffalo, N. Y. D. A. Dobie, M.D., 

is a physician in New York, N.Y. 
C. F. Durand, B.A., '84, M.B., is a phy- 
sician, Erie Co. Bank Bldg., Buffalo, 

N.Y. J. H. Eastwood. M.B., is a 

physician in Peterborough, Ont. A. 

Ego, M.B., is a physician in Markdale, 

Ont E. J. Free, M.D., is a physician 

in Warkworth, Ont. H. P. H. Gallo- 
way, .M.D., is a physician at 12 Bloor 

St. E., Toronto. W. R. Gillespie, 

M.D., is a physician in Toronto Junc- 
tion, Ont. W. J. Glassford, M.D., 

(Ob.) H. S. Griffin, M.D., is a phy- 
sician in Hamilton, Ont. O. Groves, 

M.D., is a physician at 17 Central 



Park, Rochester, N.Y. J. Guinane, 

M.B., is a physician at 104 Wilton 

Ave., Toronto. T. H. Halstead, M. 

D., is a physician in Syracuse, N.Y. 

H. R. Hay, M.D., is a physician in 

Elmira, Ont. A. J. Hunter, M.D., is 

a physician in Orangeville, Ont. D. 

Johnston, M.B., is a physician in Iro- 

quois, Ont. ; M. J. Keane, M.B., is a 

physician at 30 William St., Brant- 
ford, Ont. A. E. Lackner, M.B., is a 

physitcian at 9 Cannon St. W., Hamil- 
ton, Ont. C. F. Moore, M.D., is a 

physician, Bellevue Ave., Toronto. 
M. J. Mullock, M.D., is a physician in 

Binbrook, Ont. H. A. Macallum, M. 

D., is a physician on Queen's Ave., 

London, Ont. J. H. ,McCasey, M.D., 

is a physician in Dayton, Ohio. A. 

M. McFaul, M.D., is a physician in 

Stayner, Ont. A. E. MacKay, M.B., 

is a physician in Portland, Oregon. 

T. McKenzie, B.A., '81, M.A., '87, 

M.B., is a physician at 10 O'Hara Ave., 

Toronto. J. A. McMahon, M.B., is 

a physician in Canton, Dak. 1. 

Olmsted, M.B., is a physician at 159 

King St. W,, Hamilton,. Ont. J. A. 

Palmer, M.D., is a physician in Ross- 

ville,' 111. A. E. A. N. Perfect, M.D., 

is a physician at West Toronto Junc- 
tion, Ont. A. R. Pyne, M.B., is a 

physician at 261 Gerrard St. E., To- 
ronto. J. B. Reid, M.B., is a phy- 
sician at Tilsonburg, Ont. J. R. 

Shannon, M.B., (Ob.) G. H. Shaver, 

M.D., (Ob.) W. R Shaw, M.D., (Ob.) 

-D. Sinclair, M.D., is a physician at 

Tonawanda, N.Y. J. C. Smith, ( M,D., 

is a physician in Drayton, Dak. 0. 

Taylor, M.D., is a physician in Prince- 
ton, Ont. J. D. Thorburn, M.D.. is 

a physician at 329 Bloor St. W., To- 
ronto. M. Tovell, M.D., is a phy- 
sician in Sydenham, Ont. J. P. 

Vrooman, M.D., is a physician in 

Napanee, Ont. W. R. Walters, MB., 

is a physician in East Toronto, Ont. 

W. J. Walsh, M.D., is a physician 

in Guelph, Ont. 

The addresses of the following are 

unknown: G. F. Dryden. M.B. G. 

Stewart, B.A., M.D. J. Campbell. M. 

D. A. Kennedy. M.D. P. J. Rice, 

M.D. G. S. Stockton, M.D. H. 

Westlake, B.A., M.D. 

Graduates of School of Practical 

Science, 1896. 

J. W. Bain, B.A.Sc., is Demonstra- 
tor in Analytical Chemistry, School 
of Practical Science, Toronto. L. T. 



226 



UN1VEKS1TY OF TORONTO MONTHLY 



Burwash is mining recorder, timber 
and Crown Lands Agent, Stewart 

River, P.O., Yukon. G. M. Campbell 

is w.th the Westinghouse Electric and 

M'f'g Co., Pittsburg, Pa. J. A. De 

Cew i;* Lecture Assistant in Chemistry m 
the School of Practical Science, To- 
ronto. H. P. Elliott, B.A.Sc., is with 

We^tinghouse Electric and Mfg. Co., 

Pittsburg, Pa. W. C. Gurney is 

chief engineer of the steam and hot 
water heating department, Gurney 

Foundry Co., Toronto. H. V. 

Haight, B.A.Sc., is engineer, Canadian 

.Hand Drill Co.. Sliprtroke, Que 

W. F. Laing is on the engineer's 
staff, Algoma Central Ry., Sault Ste. 

Marie, Ont. R. R. Lawrie, (Ob.) 

C. MacBeth, B.A.Sc., is on the engin- 
eer's staff, Michigan Central Railroad, 

Detroit, Mich. J. A. McMurchy is 

with the Westinghouse Machine Co., 

Fittsburg, Pa. T. Martin, B.A.Sc., 

is on the engineer's staff, Ont. Rainy 

River Ry., Port Arthur, Ont. R. R. 

Shipe is employed by the Toronto 
Engraving Co., Toronto. 

S. P. S., 1$97. 

E. Andrewes, B.Sc., is manager of 
lar^e Hate onnr *'< at Cnvton Villn, 

Portmadoc, N. Wales. J. A. Bow 

is employed as an explorer by the 
Lake Superior Power Co., Sault Ste. 

Marie, Ont. H. S. Carpenter, B.A. 

Sc., O.L.S., is on the staff of the Trent 

Canal, Peterboro', Ont. H. W. 

Charlton, B.A.Sc., is assistant analyst 
at the Experimental Farm, Ottawa, 

Ont. E. A. Forward, A.M. Can. Sep. 

C.E., is assistant engineer of Cornwall 
Canal, Dickinson's Landing, Ont. 
A. T. Gray, B.A.Sc., is with the Gen- 
eral Electric Co., Schenectady, N.Y. 

W. A. B. Hicks is with the Snow 

Pump Co., Buffalo, N.Y. C. F. King 

is on the Geological Survey, Ottawa, 

Ont. H. W. Proudfoot is with the 

Jack Lake Mining Co., jMatawin, Ont. 

A. H. A. Robinson, B.A.Sc., is Fel- 
low in Chemistry, School of Practical 

Science, Toronto. "Vv. F. Scott is 

an architect, McKinnon Bldg., To- 
ronto. R. W. Smiley, B.A.Sc., is 

with the Shelby Steel Tube Co., Cleveland, 

oviio. w. w.stuii R.A..SR., or.?.. i 

with DeMorest & Silvester, engineers 

and surveyors, Sudbury, Ont. M. B. 

Weekes, B.A.Sc.. is Fellow in Mining 
Engineering, School of Practical Sci- 
ence, Toronto. E. A. Weldon is on 

the engineering staff, Ont. and Rainy 
River Ry., Port Arthur, Ont. 



Convocation Hall. 

There has been a steady growth in the 
fund being raised to build a Convocation 
Hall. The weekly reports given out by 
the Secretary through the daily papers 
have shown an increase of about $1,000 
per week. 

The contributions received from the 
various years in Arts and Medic. ne are as 
follows : 

1854, $25; 1857, $150; 1861, $55; 1862, 
$500; 1863, $270; 1865,' $20; 1866, $300; 
1868, $60; 1872, $100; 1873, $100; 1874, 
$250; 1875, $25; 1876, $470: 1877, $75; 
1878, $1,100; 1879, $175; 1880, $350; 1881, 
$240; 1882,$500; 1883. $330; 188], $75; 
1885, $50; 1886, $575; 1887, $175; 1888, 
$.95; 1889, $76; 1890, $25; 1891, $222.50; 
1892, $250; 1893, $215; Ib9i, $60; 1895, 
$85; 1896, $120; 1897, $95; 1898, $52; 1899, 
$60; 1900, $82; 190., $12; 1902, $30. 

In addition to these amounts, $2,460 has 
aUo been subscribed by members of other 
faculties, and by friend? of the University 
other than graduate. 3 , making a total of 
$10,109.60. 

I Personals. 

Every alumnus of the University of Toronto is in- 
vited to feud to the Editor items of interest for 
insertion in this department News of a personal 
nature about any alumnus will Le gladly received. 

Murray S. Fuller, S.P.S., '01, is re- 
siding at 125 East 83rd St., New York, 
N.Y. 

Cecil H. Clegg, B.A., '97, is at pres- 
ent in the gold fields of Nome City, 
Alaska. 

T. W. Standing, B.A., '91, has re- 
moved from Pembroke to Carleton 
Place, Ont. 

Wm. Mills, D.D.S., '90, has removed 
from St. Catharines to 32 1-2 Colborne 
St., Toronto, Ont. 

W. H. Anger, B.A., '79, has removed 
from St. Catharines to 252 Palmerston 
Ave., Toronto, Ont. 

D. C. Brown, B.A., '92, who is study- 
in^ r edif^'ip i* 1 Chwago, is living at 
775 Polk St., Chicago. 

G. F. Kay, B.A., '00, is a geologist in 
the employ of the Algoma Commercial 
Company, Sudbury, Ont. 

Frank K. Johnston, B.A., 96, M.A., '97, 
has removed his law offices to 99 Nassau 
St.. New Yo-k. 

Miss J. M. Pearce, B.A., '98, is teach- 
ing Mathematics and History in the 
Hien School, Caldwell, N.J. 

Harvey J. O'Higgins, formerly of the 
class of '93, is contributing short 
stories to some New York magazines. 



TOKONTONENS1A 



227 



The degree of Ph. D. has been con- 
f-rredupon B. A. Bensley. B. A.. '96. by 
the University of Columbia. New York, 
N.Y. 

Miss J. M. Johnston, B.A., '99, has 
organize I a tennis and haeket-ball 
team in the high school, Stamford, 
Conn. 

|Miss E. McNeely, B.A., '98, is teach- 
ing History in Miss Spence's School 
for Young Ladies, Fifth Ave.. New 
York City, N.Y. 

Dr. J. T. Shotwell, B.A., '98, has been 
appointed lecturer in History at the 
Columbia University summer school, 
New York, N.Y. 

L. F. Anderson. B.A., '93, is profes- 
sor of Psychology and Education at 
the Northern State .Normal School, 
Marquette, Mich. 

Dr. H. A. Beatty, M.B., '97, M.R.C.S., 
nas been offered the position of surgi- 
cal registrar of the Westminster Hos- 
pital, Lo.idon. Kng. 

H. M. Little, B.A., '97, has gone 
from Johns Hopkin- University, Bain- 
more, Md., to Germany, where he will 
continue Jus post-graduate work. 

Rev. Hugh Johnston, B..\.,'65,M;\.,*69, 
lias removed from Washington D.C., and 
is now pastor of the First Methodist 
Episcopal Church, Baltimore, Md. 

W. A. B. Hicks, S.P.S. '97, formerly 
with the Northey Mfg. Co., Toronto, 
has removed to Buffalo, N.Y., where 
he is now with the Snow Pump Co. 

A. N. Smith, S.P.S. '92, formerly 
with the Keystone Bridge Co., Pitts-- 
burgh, Pa., is now on the staff of 
Julian Kennedy, M.E., Pittsburgh, Pa. 

Professor and Mrs. J. A. Macvan- 
nel, of the class of '93, have removed 
from 395 Ocean Ave., Brooklyn, to 
2441 Seventh Ave., New York City, 
N.Y. 

E. F. Clarke, S.P.S., has been made 
captain of C Company in the Halifax 
Garrison Contingent. He is said to 
be the youngest captain in the imperial 
>ervice. 

J. O. Quantz, B.A. '94, Ph.D. '97 
(University of Wisconsin), is at pre- 
sent professor of Psychology and 
Pedagogy at the Wisconsin State Nor- 
mal College, Oshkosh, Wis. 

W. B. Lane, B.A. '93, M.A. '94, Ph.D. 
(University of Wisconsin), is at 
present professor of Philosophy and 
Psychology in Randolph Macon 
Woman's College, Lynchburg, Va. 



J. E. McAllister, B.A.Sc. '91, former- 
ly with the Hamilton Bridge Works 
Co., Hamilton, Out., is now chief 
metallurgist for the Tennessee Copper 
Company, Copper Hill, Polk County, 
Tenn. 

George W. Umphrey, B.A. '99, is 
teaching at Whitby, Ont. Mr. Umphrey 
spent the academic year, 'ill-'Oa, in 
post-graduate work at Harvard Uni- 
versity, receiving the degree of A.M. 
last year. 

A meeting of the Toronto Univer- 
sity Alumnae now resident in New 
York is to be held during the present 
month at Whittier Hall, corner of 
120th St. and Amsterdam Ave., New 
York, N.Y. 

Geo. E. McCraney, B.A. '92, LL.B. 
'95, has removed from Milton, Ont., 
to Rosthern, Sask. A complimentary 
dinner was tendered Mr. McCraney 
by the chief citizens of Milton before 
his departure. 

Vincent J. Hughes, B.A. '94, LL.b. 
'95, barrister-at-law, late of the firm 
of Millar, Ferguson & Hughes, of To- 
ronto, has been appointed secretary 
at the Montreal office of the National 
Trust Company. 

J. Cassie Hatton, B.A. '61, M.A. 
'63, LL.B. '72, formerly of Montreal, 
is now in England. His address is: 
Employers' Liability Assurance Cor- 
poration, Hamilton House, Victoria 
Embankment, London, E.G. 

Frank McTavish, M.B. '99, after 
having spent a year in practising at 
Barrie, and one y.ear In post graduate 
work at Edinburgh and London, is 
now engaged as civil surgeon with the 
British troops in South Africa. 

W. A. Duff, S.P.S. '01, who has 
been on the engineering staff of the 
Vancouver, Victoria and Eastern 
Railway since graduation, is now 
assistant to the Grand Trunk Rail- 
way engineer at Hamilton, Ont. 

D. J. Armour, B.A. '91, M.B. '94, 
has been appointed senior assistant 
surgeon in Belgrade Hospital for Chil- 
dren, London. Eng. Dr. Armour con- 
tinues his duties as senior demonstra- 
tor in the University College. London. 

Alexander Taylor, S.P.S. '00, recently 
passed his examination as P.L.S., 
Manitoba. He is now at Nelson, B.C., 
having been appointed District A'gent 
for British Columbia of the C. P. R. 
Land Department. 



228 



UNIVERSITY" OF TORONTO MONTHLY 



We learn that Neil McKechnie, M.B. 
'80, M.D. '80, died some time ago at his 
home in Holdredge, Nebraska, where 
he had practised medicine for about 
ten years. Previous to 1886 Dr. Mc- 
Kechnie had practised in Thorndale, 
Ont, and later in Iowa. 

Wm. H. Metzler, B.A., '88, professor 
of Mathematics in the University of 
Syracuse, Syracuse, N. Y., has been 
elected a fellow of the Royal Society 
of Edinburgh A short time a<?o Pro- 
fessor Metzler was elected a fellow of 
the Royal Society of Canada. 

,Miss Mabel K. Mason, B.A. '98, is 
Modern Language instructor in the 
high school at Gouverneur, N.Y. Miss 
Mason spent the year 1898-1899 study- 
ing at the University of Berlin, and 
at the Sorbonne, Paris, France. She 
received her M.A.- degree from Colum- 
bia University last June. 

Rev. Donald McGillivray, B.A. '82, 
M.A. '83, formerly of Honan, China, 
has for the past three years been liv- 
ing in Shanghai, where he has been 
engaged in a very important work of 
translation. Mr. McGillivray, who was 
gold medalist in Classics in his year, 
is a distinguished Chinese scholar. 

At the annual meeting of the Can- 
adian Institute, Toronto, the following 
offices were filled by members of the 
University staff: President, Professor 
A. P. Coleman, M.A., Ph. D.; vice- 
president, Professor A. J. Bell, M.A., 
Ph.D.; secretary, Professor J. J. Mac- 
Kenzie; librarian, Professor A. B. 
Macallum, B.A., M.B., Ph. D. 

There are a number of alumni on 
the staff of St. Margaret's College, 
TortniG. Miss Louise D. Gummings, 
B.A., and Miss Thyrza W cosier, 
B. A., teach Mathematics; Miss Flor- 
ence Neelands, B:A., and Miss Bessie 
Lawson, B.A., teach- Moderns; Miss J. 
E. Macdonald, B.A., English and Litei- 
ature, and Miss Landon Wright, B.A., 
Classics. 

Mr. H. P. Dwight, of the Great 
North -Western Telegraph Co., sent an 
old friend '(a member of the Univer- 
sity of Toronto), his annual pass, and 
received the -'following -acknowledg- 
ment: ' 
Another "pass "! the thought I hate^- 

Must come at last! 
We too have learned to conjugate 
Pass passing past! 



J. E. Lehmann, M.B. '93, M.R.C.S., 
after practising a number of years in 
Ontario went abroad, and spent three 
very successful years in the hospitals 
of Leipzig, Berlin, Vienna and Lon- 
don, where he devoted himself almost 
exclusively to surgery. He now fills 
the much coveted positi6n of first 
assistant surgeon in the German Hos- 
pital, London, Eng. His address is, 
No. 3 Queen's Grove Rd., Chingford, 
Essex County, Eng. . 

The late Hon. R. M. Wells, B.A., '54, 
whose death is referred to in another 
column, was the son of the late Sheriff 
Wells of Prescott and Russell, and was 
born in the county of Prescott in 1835. 
At graduation he was awarded the gold 
medal in History and silver medal in 
Mathematics. He was called to the 
Bar in 1857, and was for some time in 
partnership with the Hon. Edward 
Blake, LL.D. He was appointed County 
Crown Attorney of York in 1872, but 
resigned in order to enter the Legis- 
lative Assembly as representative of 
South Bruce. He was Speaker of the 
Assembly from 1873 to 13801 In 1882 
he was elected to the Dominion House 
of Commons and sat until 1887, when 
he retired from politics. He was a 
partner in the firm of Wells and Mac- 
Murchy of Toronto, solicitors for the 
Canadian Pacific Railway. 



Marriages. 

Mackinnon-Sampson W. A. Mackin- 
non. B.A., '97, who represents the 
Fruit Division of the Dominion Agri- 
cultural Department in Great Britain, 
was married on the 21st ult. to Miss 
Bertha Sampson of Toronto. 

Rohb-Grant The Eev. E. G. Robb, 
B.A., '99, M.A., '00, of Sandon, ( B.C., was 
married on April 30th in Cascade, B.C., to 
Miss Mary A. Grant, daughter of the late 
John Grant of Pembroke^ Ont., 



Deaths. 

Boyd Major Alexander Royd, formerly- 
of- the class of- '84, died of. enteric fever 
at the military hospital,- Pretoria, S.A., on 
April 20th, 1902. 

Langford William Langford, for- 
merlv of the class of '94. died, alter a long 
illness, at his home in Owen Sound. 

Wells R. M. Wells. B.A., "54, K.C., 
after a' short illness, died on May llth 
at his honfe in Toronto. 



TUB CAREWELL COMPANY, LIMITED, PRINTERS 




From a painting by A. Dickson Patterson, ft.C.A. 



EDWARD JOHN CHAPMAN, PH.D., LL.D. 

PROFESSOR OF MINERALOGY AND GEOLOGY IN THE UNIVERSITY 
OF TORONTO, 1853-1895. 



THE 



UNIVERSITY OF TORONTO MONTHLY 



VOL. II. 



JUNE, 1902. 



No. 9. 



TABLE OF CONTENTS. 



PAGB 

Edward John Chapman, Ph.D.,LL.D., 

By Professor Ellis 229 

The Kev. Wm. Hincks, M.A., By C. 

R. W. Biggar, M.A., K.G. 232 

Epigram after Phocylides, By Princi- 
pal Hutton - - 233 
La Reine, La Reine, By Louis Fre- 
chette, C.M.G., LL.D. - 233 
The University in relation to Research, 

By President London - - 234 

The Annual Meeting : 

Afternoon Session - - 244 

Unveiling of the Memorial Tablet . 249 

Evenir.g Session - - - 251 

Conv cation 253 

Garden Party - . - 257 

Third Annual Alumni Dinner - 257 



Torontonensia : 
Campus and Corridor 
Alumnse Association 
Faculty Changes 
The Royal Society 
Class of '82 Reunion 
Class of '92 Reunion 
The Class of '97, Medicine 
Class of 1902, Arts - 
Class of 1902, Medicine 
The Lacrosse Team 
News from the Classes : 

Graduates in Arts, 1880 

" of the School 

Practical Science, 1898 
Personals - 
Marriages 



PAGE 

264 
264 
264 
264 
265 
266 
266 
267 



of 



269 



270 

272 



EDWARD JOHN CHAPMAN, PH.D., LL.D. 

BY W. HODGSON ELLIS, M.A., M.B. 

7^ IGHT Y-ONE years ago, towards the commencement of 
1 1821, a post-chaise was hastening across the still wintry 
country between the seaport of Dover and the western suburbs of 
London. This post-chaise there were no railways, even in Eng- 
land, in those days held a gentleman with his wife and the 
tatter's maid, all of whom had landed at Dover, from France, the 
same morning. Their object was to reach their home near London 
as soon as possible, but adverse fate compelled a pro- 
longed halt to be made at a village inn on the bor- 
ders of Kent and Surrey/ where the subject of this 
memoir made his entry into this busy world: February 22, 1821. 
Two years later his father died. 

After a few years of private instruction, the boy was sent at an 
early age into France, and there (with some brief intervals in 
Germany) he was principally educated. At Paris, he attended 
regularly the old College of Henri-Quatre; and subsequently, also, 
he followed some courses of lectures in the Sprbonne. These 
studies probably influenced his future career. 



230 UNIVEKSITY OF TORONTO MONTHLY 

Continuing to reside in France, lie gradually drifted, with some 
of his comrades of the Quartier Latin, into the French Province of 
Algeria, acquired by France some years previously, but held at 
that time only by constant fighting. There he entered the army 
of occupation, and, after a brief delay in the vicinity of Algiers, 
he was drafted into the Province of Constantine, where he took 
part in many a toilsome march and in several skirmishes and en- 
counters that followed the second storming of the rocky fortress 
and city of Constantine. Later on, he was present at the hotly- 
contested passage of the Chiffa, a river which flows through a deep 
gorge in the Atlas Mountains. At this period, Marshal Yalee, 
associated with the Duke of Orleans, was in chief command; and 
the Duke de Nemours was a general of division. 

Soon after this, our future professor found himself the inmate 
of a hospital, from whence he was bought out by a relative, and 
so returned to England. Here he took up the study of civil engi- 
neering, and worked subsequently under I. K. Brunei, the con- 
structor of the Great Western Railway and the Great Eastern 
steamship, the largest vessel then afloat. His immediate chief, 
under Sir Isambard Brunei, in Devon and Somerset, was "William 
Froude, a younger brother of Froude, the well-known historian. 
Many of Professor Chapman's friends, here, may still remember 
his graphic account of some amusing incidents in which he took 
part during his . engineering days. After a year or two, profes- 
sional work falling slack, he applied for the vacant chair of Min- 
eralogy in University College, London. This he obtained, after 
two of the professors one of whom was the great comparative 
anatomist, Dr. Robert Grant, and the other a well-known meta- 
physician, Dr. Hoppus had reported favourably of a preliminary 
course of lectures that he was called upon to give. At this time 
he published a small work on Determinative Mineralogy, and 
many scientific papers in the Phil. Mag. and Chemical News. 
Curiously enough, one of the editors of the latter journal was the 
late Professor Croft, with whom Prof. Chapman was afterwards 
to be associated in our University. 

But the turning-point in Professor Chapman's career had now 
arrived. He relinquished his post in University College, London, 
on being appointed to the new chair of Mineralogy and Geology 
in University College, Toronto. He arrived here in October, 1853, 
after a long and somewhat dangerous voyage of nearly a month's 
duration, in one of the earliest Canadian steamships, the " Sarah 
Sands." This vessel was lost, a year or two after, when serving 
as a troop-ship in the Mediterranean. 

Professor Chapman was then 32 years of age. He continued 
to hold his chair (afterwards transferred from the College to. the 



EDWARD JOHN CHAPMAN, PH.D., LL.D. 231 

University) until 1895, a periqd of 42 years, when his earlier 
colleagues Dr. McCaul, Dr. Bevan, Professor Croft, Sir Daniel 
Wilson, Prof. Hincks, Prof. Young, and Dr. Forneri had one 
and all passed away. 

During the occupancy of his chair, Professor Chapman issued 
four or five text-books (published by the Copp, Clark Co., Toronto) 
on the Minerals and Geology of Canada, Blowpipe Practice, As- 
saying, etc., all of which, we believe, have reached a second edition, 
together with a considerable number of original papers on these 
and kindred subjects, in the Canadian Journal) the Transactions 
of the Royal Society of Canada (of which he was one of the ori- 
ginal 80 members), and in some foreign scientific journals.* He 
also published some thirty or forty printed reports on mineral 
lands in localities as widely separated as Colorado, Lake Superior, 
Algoma, North Hastings, Lake Chaudiere, the Bay of Fundy, and 
Cape Breton. 

In 1862 the University of Goettingen, in Hanover, conferred 
upon him the degree of Doctor of Philosophy (Ph.D.); and the 
degree of LL.D. was bestowed upon him in 1867 by the Senate of 
Queen's University, Kingston Professor Mowat. the then secre- 
tary, stating that only four of these degrees had been granted by 
the University during the preceding twenty-one years. 

Professor Chapman has been twice married: first to a daughter 
of Colonel Cogan, by whom he had a son (since dead); and, 
secondly, to Frances, daughter of the late Captain Sutherland. 
Mrs. Chapman was born at Sidney, Cape Breton, where her father 
at the time was commandant. A three-quarter length portrait in 
oils of Professor Chapman, from her brush, now hangs in the 
library of our University. 

He retired in 1895, and has since resided near Hampton Court, 
on the Thames, where he is always pleased to see any Canadian 
friends. During his period of retirement, he published, in 1899, a 
new volume of poems his first poetic venture, " A Song of Char- 
ity," having been published in Canada about 1857. The new 
volume (published by Kegan, Paul & Co., London) contains two 
long poems, " A Drama of Two Lives " and " The Snake-Witch," 
with several shorter pieces, among others a revision of his " Cana- 
dian Summer Night," published in Canada many years ago, and 
inserted by Dr. McCaul, about I860, in one of our "National 
Headers." His many friends were sorry to hear that Professor 
Chapman met with a severe accident last December, which con- 
fined him to his room for several months; but are glad to learn 
that he is now himself again. 

* See list of these in the Bibliography of the Royal Society, by Sir John 
George Bourinot, 1894. 



232 UNIVERSITY OF TOEONTO MONTHLY 

THE REVEREND WILLIAM HINCKS, M.A. 

BY C. R. W. BIGGAR. M.A.. K.C. 

" These molluscs properly prepared and served form a delicious dish." 
NY member of the Natural Science Classes in the University 



A 



of Toronto from 1866 to 1871 will recognize these, words 
as characteristic of a professor whose lecture room, situated on the 
left-hand side of the western stair, was one of the most enjoyable 
places in the University. 

A big, florid, white-haired man, sitting at a desk at the foot of 
the semi-circular rows of seats, is lecturing. His ideas are anti- 
quated; his methods are by no means up to date, but his perfect 
manners make up for much. In those days they appointed pro- 
fessors on the principle upon which Lord Thurlow appointed 
judges, viz., "Get a gentleman; and if he knows a little law it 
may be none the worse." The Rev. William Hincks was a gentle- 
man. His methods of teaching left much to be desired. He 
adopted in its entirety Swainson's Quinary System, which was, 
even then, out of date; and we learned long lists in which every 
division of the animal and vegetable kingdoms was reduced to a 
series of fives set in a circle. It was simply an effort of memory, 
and the man who could repeat the longest list of brachiopoda, 
coleoptera, etc., and could write the longest examination paper, 
was sure to come out first. We learned to know his ways, and 
to make our papers suit his peculiar taste. We learned also to 
love the man, though we were not always kind to him. I shall 
never forget how we spent two whole nights in trying to bore a 
hole in the wall of the main building opposite his private roojn, 
in order to introduce therein the pipe of a retort charged with 
selenide of hydrogen. We failed, because the wall was eighteen 
inches thick, but we succeeded afterwards in making a small orifice 
into that same room from the Residence, where the wall was not 
of the same thickness, and we applied the retort about the hour 
when Dr. Hincks was expected to arrive. He came into the lecture 
room with a large red bandana handkerchief at his nose, and said: 
" Gentlemen, I am unable to lecture this morning; something has 
happened to my room which makes it intolerable, and has caused 
me to feel quite ill. There will, therefore, be no lecture this 
morning." 

He was born in Cork, in May, 1794, and was a Presbyterian 
minister at Cork and Exeter from 1815 to 1827. After that he 
was Professor of Natural Philosophy at Manchester College, York, 



THE REVEREND WILLIAM HINCKS, M.A. 233 

for twelve years, and at Queen's College, Cork, from 1849 to 
1853. Then he came to University College, where he held the 
chair of Natural History from 1853 to 1871, and among all the 
distinguished men who then occupied chairs' in Toronto University, 
none was more beloved than he. I examined for him for several 
years, and among my most valued possessions are the books which 
he presented to me in return for this unpaid work. 

The Hinckses were a distinguished family, his brother, Sir 
Francis, having been one of the best Finance Ministers Canada 
ever had. ~No young Canadian should fail to> read his book 
" Recollections of My Life " and his articles on the early history 
of railway development in Canada. 



ON, HONOR, HONEST. 

(After PJiocylides). 

"Get on," the world cries: "first of all get on:" 
"And next get honor, if it come your way:" 

" And last, if time and strength be not all gone," 
" Get honest also, when you've had your day." 

Maurice Hutton. 



LA REINE ! LA REINE ! 

(Traduction.) 

Ses yeux ne verront point, e'tendards de'ployes, 
Ses fideles soldats rentrant dans leurs foyers, 
Apres cette campagne aux rigueurs sans pareilles. 
Les une, tombe's la-bas, sont muets pour toujours ; 
Les autres, de leur cri triomphal des grands jours, 
Rejouiront d'autres oreilles. 

Mais dans L'ombre, au sejour morne et mysterieux, 
Ou, tour a tour, chacun de ces morts glorieux, 
Sans avoir jamais vu sa face souveraine, 
Sont alles ou vont tons, les petits et les grands, 
Un solennel murraure a couru dans les rangs : 
"La Reine ! la Reine ! la Reine !" 

Louis Frechette. 



234 UNIVERSITY OF TORONTO MONTHLY 

THE UNIVERSITIES IN RELATION TO RESEARCH.* 

BY PRESIDENT LOUDOX. 

IT is now many years since I came to the conclusion that the 
provision of adequate facilities for research is one of the prime 
necessities of university education in Canada; and it is with the 
object of accelerating the movement which has already begun in 
this direction that I have selected the relation of the universities 
to research as the topic of my remarks on this occasion. 

It will perhaps be expedient for me at the outset to say that I 
propose to use the word research in its widest meaning, i.e., as 
indicating those efforts of the human . mind which result in the 
extension of knowledge, whether such efforts are exerted in the 
field of literature, of science, or of art. It is a common mistake 
to apply the term research to what we somewhat erroneously 
denominate as " science/' meaning thereby the physical and 
natural' sciences. This limitation is comparatively modern, and 
science so defined is after all only a part of human knowledge. 

The limits of research in its wider sense are coterminous with 
the knowable, and research itself is of very ancient date. The 
fund of knowledge accumulated even before the Christian era 
was enormous. This great fund ' however remained stationary, 
or nearly so, throughout the Dark and Middle Ages. During 
this period of mental stagnation, authority was the watchword of 
the learned. All knowledge was supposed to have been already 
discovered, and the efforts of the schoolmen were devoted to the 
application of this body of truth to life and conduct. This me- 
diaeval point of view has been quaintly and aptly put by Chaucer: 
Out of olde feldies, as man saieth, 
Comith all this newe corne from yere to yearn ; 
And out of olde bokis, in good faithe, 
Comith all this newe science that menne learn, 

With the Renaissance began a new epoch, an epoch in the midst 
of which we are still living. It marked, as has been well said, 
" the liberation of the reason from a dungeon, the double discovery 
of the outer and inner world." The study of the humanities, 
which was an incident of the Renaissance, rendered available to 
modem men the wisdom of the ancients. But much of the old 
knowledge was found to be spurious when examined with the new 
light, and even the authority of Aristotle, the demigod of the 
scholastics, was discredited. Nothing henceforth was to be ac- 
cepted on trust, and the injunction to "prove all things " became 
the watchword of the intellectual world. 



meeting " * ^ R yaS ciet y of Canada at the Toronto 



UNIVERSITIES IN RELATION TO RESEARCH. 235 

Although the Renaissance marked the regeneration of philo- 
sophy,, of criticism, and in general of the whole process of thought, 
it especially denoted the birth of the physical and natural sciences, 
and hence their rise and progress may be taken as best illustrating 
the working of the new spirit of research. Roger Bacon in the 
thirteenth century protested vainly against the despotism of Aris- 
totle, and advocated a new and fruitful learning which should be 
based upon experience. In the two centuries which followed, those 
scholars described by Whewell as the "Practical Reformers," 
working in their primitive laboratories, established a sound basis 
for a future natural philosophy. One of these, Leonardo da 
Vinci (1452-1519), both a practical and theoretical philosopher, 
anticipated modern science in his remark: "The interpreter of 
the artifices of nature is experience, who is never deceived. "We 
must begin from experiment and try to discover the reason." 
Telesio (1508-1588), called by Francis Bacon "primus hominum 
novoruro," said : " The construction of the world and the magni- 
tude and nature of the bodies in it are not to be investigated by 
reasoning, as was done by the ancients; but they are to be ap- 
prehended, by the sense and collected from the things themselves." 
These were some, but not nearly all of the forerunners of Francis 
Bacon (1561-1626), who by his writings, and especially by his 
"Novum Organum," elaborated in detail a method of research, 
the principles of which had been laid down by his predecessors. 

From the overturning of the authority of Aristotle and the 
laying down of a secure basis for the advancement of knowledge, 
it was but a step to the inauguration of organized research, the 
aspect of the question to which I wish to invite your attention 
somewhat more in detail. 

The chief agencies of modern organized research are (1) the 
learned societies, and (2) the universities. The former receive 
and publish research papers; the latter superintend and direct in- 
vestigators and publish results. To these should properly be 
added the various journals which have been established and carried 
on by private effort. It is a significant fact that the establish- 
ment of modern learned societies coincides^ closely in time with 
the Renaissance movement. Telesio, mentioned above, estab- 
lished one of the earliest mathematico-physical societies the 
Academy of Cosenza, Other Italian societies of similar scope 
were founded in Rome in 1603, in Florence in 1657, and the 
Royal Society of London dates from 1660 or earlier. Organized 
research in universities was of slower growth. In them the 
mediaeval spirit was tenacious of life, and it was only in the nine- 
teenth century, in Germany, at the close of the Napoleonic wars, 



236 UNIVERSITY OE TOKONTO MONTHLY 

that research, not only in natural philosophy, but in the whole 
field of knowledge, became the basis of the German educational 
system, and I might remark, without going into details, that the 
university systems of Erance and the other principal countries of 
Europe, with the exception of Great Britain, are in the main 
parallel with that of Germany, although not so consistently elabo- 
rated. To understand^ then, what organized university re- 
search means in the fullest development which it has hitherto at- 
tained, let us turn our attention a little to Germany, of the educa- 
tional system of which it forms an essential part. 

We are so subject to the authority of words that it is difficult 
for us to realize that the organization called a university in Ger- 
many is almost entirely different in scope and object from the in- 
stitution which we so designate in this country. Hitherto, at 
least in England and Canada, the function of the university has 
mainly been to impart a general and liberal education, continuing 
and completing the beginning already made in the secondary school. 
Speaking generally, I may say that under the German system the 
work of our secondary schools and universities. combined is per- 
formed by the gymnasium, the nine or ten years' training of which 
leaves the young man of nineteen or twenty years of age with a 
much better liberal education than that possessed by the average 
graduate in arts of an English, Canadian or American university. 
How this is accomplished it is not my purpose here to explain. 
There is no doubt, however, as to the fact, which is substantiated 
both by the nature of the curriculum of the gymnasium and by 
the testimony of those familiar with both systems. In this con- 
nection I recall the observation made to me on one occasion by 
a professor here, himself a wrangler of high standing in Cam- 
bridge, who remarked that it was always a mystery to him how 
the German gymnasium attained such extraordinary results, re- 
sults which, he added, it would be hopeless to expect in England, 
while on the other hand, I have more than once heard German 
professors express surprise at the meagre equipment of university 
graduates from America. 

It is upon this substantial preliminary training that the work 
of the German university proper is based. Up to this point the 
young man has been a "learner"; on entering the university he 
becomes a "student." This distinction, expressed by the German 
words "lernen" and " studieren," marks the difference between 
gymnasium and university the acquisition of knowledge under 
the teacher in the one, independent research under the guidance 
of the professor in the other. 



UNIVERSITIES IN RELATION TO RESEARCH. 237 

The typical German university possesses the four faculties of 
theology, law, medicine and philosophy. The scope of the first 
three is evident from their designation, and with them we are not 
at present immediately concerned. The faculty of philosophy 
embraces the subjects which we include as university studies, un- 
der the head of arts and science. It is the most important of the 
four, the professors in it sometimes outnumbering those of all 
other faculties combined. The ultimate object of both professors 
and students is the advancement of knowledge, and the independ- 
ence with which research is conducted is well expressed by the 
two words " Lehrfreiheit ." and " Lernfreiheit " the freedom of 
the professor as to what he teaches and the freedom of the student 
to select his special line of research. Some idea of the extent of 
this work may be formed from the number of universities in Ger- 
many, 21 in all, and from the fact that the aggregate number of 
matriculated students exceeds 12,000, in addition to non-matricu- 
lated students who ara also numbered by thousands, while the 
philosophical faculty at Berlin and Leipzig in 1901-2 numbered 
respectively 207 and 120. To the 21 universities mentioned 
should be added the nine technische hochschulen which have now 
the right to confer the doctor's degree in the applied sciences. 

It is impossible to exaggerate the enthusiasm which prevails 
among both professors and students in their common object, and 
this enthusiasm is increased by legitimate emulation. The repu- 
tation of a university depends upon the progress made by its pro- 
fessors, the reputation of a professor upon the progress made in 
his department. Hence a student may be attracted from one 
university to another which is allowable under the system ma/ 
choose to follow the lectures of the professor, ordinary or extr.v 
ordinary, or even those of the privat-dozent in his own particular 
line of work. Under such a system and under such stimulating 
conditions it is evident that both professors and students must take 
their work seriously, with the result that the combined effort <:/ 
a vast number of the best minds in the country is concentrated on 
the advancement of all the principal branches of knowledge. With 
regard to the research work done by the student and without 
which the degree of Ph.D. is not conferred, it may be objected 
that much of it is not important and sometimes very trivial. It 
may be said, however, that it must all stand the test of publica- 
tion after being approved by the professor, so that its value may 
at once be estimated by the learned world, and the scholastic stand- 
ing of professor and student rated accordingly. 

The place and importance of research in the German system is 
further indicated by the fact that even teachers in the gymnasium 



238 UNIVEKSITY OF TOKONTO MONTHLY 

devote themselves to such work, their papers being published in 
the annual reports of their institutions. With such respect is the 
ability for research regarded that the publication of a paper of 
this kind may lead directly to a professorship in the university, 
as was the case, for instance, in the appointment of Weierstrass, 
the celebrated mathematician. 

Let us now turn our attention for a few moments to the British 
university system. An extended description is unnecessary, since 
we are all familiar with the working of British universities them- 
selves, or with the Canadian or American development of the origi- 
nal British type. Hence it may suffice if I contrast briefly the 
British and German systems in some of their essential features. 

In the organization of the German university research has been 
shown to be a fundamental principle; in the British university it 
is as yet incidental or of sporadic manifestation. I do not, of 
course, ignore the very important contributions which have been 
made by British scholars to the advancement of learning, but it 
is worthy of note that the credit for their splendid achievements 
is rather due to the individuals themselves than to the universities 
with which many of them were connected. The British univer- 
sity is not primarily an institution for research. In its function 
of providing the higher grades of a liberal education the proper 
comparison is with the upper classes of the German gymnasium, 
not with the German university proper. True, we find in some 
of the British universities a specialization in certain subjects, e.g., 
in honor classics and mathematics at Oxford and Cambridge, lead- 
ing to higher work than that attempted in the gymnasium; but 
however advanced the studies may be, there is rarely any attempt 
to guide the English undergraduate in the direction of research. 
Heading and examinations are the academic watchwords, and to 
the great mass of students and tutors the field of research is a 
terra incognita. 

The attitude of the British nation has been hitherto largely that 
of indifference towards organized research, and this has been true 
not only of the general public, but also of those engaged in aca- 
demic administration. There has existed a deep-seated conviction, 
born perhaps of reiterated assertion, that the British university 
system is superior to that of Germany or any other country, and 
as near perfection as may well be. We are not concerned just 
lere with the discussion of the merits of the system, which are 
undoubtedly many and great, but we must admit that the attitude 
self-satisfaction which has prevailed, combined with the ignor- 
ing of other ideals, is at least unphilosophic. In the midst of 



UNIVERSITIES IN RELATION TO RESEARCH. 239 

such an atmosphere it is not surprising that the development of 
a true Renaissance spirit has been somewhat tard/y. 

But the British nation is on the eve of an awakening, an awak- 
ening which has already taken place among certain leaders of 
thought. The fact is dawning upon the British mind that some 
vital connection really does exist between national progress and 
scientific discovery, and that the latter should be fostered in con- 
nection with the higher institutions of learning. Under the con- 
viction that British commercial supremacy will be seriously 
threatened unless foreign, and especially German, scientific 
methods are adopted, universities of more modern type than Ox- 
ford and Cambridge and also technical colleges have been estab- 
lished. Such institutions no doubt fill a long-felt want, but they 
do not go to the root of the matter. On the academic side they 
are but a modification of the older type; on the technical side 
they contemplate, not the discovery of new truth, but the applica- 
tion of what is already known. The spirit of research is lacking, 
and without it no expenditure of money, no raising of examination 
standards for mere acquirement, will actually increase the capital 
account of national knowledge. 

It is perhaps owing in part to the general awakening already 
mentioned that a rudimentary scheme of research has been recently 
introduced in the University of Cambridge, where students pur- 
suing original investigations are placed on the same level as the 
ordinary undergraduate and may obtain the B.A. degree as a re- 
ward for work of this kind. Notwithstanding the lack of more 
substantial encouragement a number of students have entered 
these courses, being attracted by the reputation of certain profes- 
sors who are themselves zealously engaged in the prosecution of 
research. The number of such students, however, is relatively 
small, nor can it be said that the movement has become general, 
although other universities are beginning to do something in this 
direction, but it may perhaps prove to be the germ of a more com- 
plete organization in the future. 

The policy of the universities of the United States regarding 
this matter is in marked contrast with the indecision and conser- 
vatism which prevail in the mother country. The type of mind 
which has been developed in the century and a quarter of separate 
national existence is one of great vigor and originality; but these 
qualities have for the most part been turned aside by the circum- 
stances of a new country from abstract investigations. Research 
after the almighty dollar by the nearest short-cut has been, and 
perhaps still is, regarded as the chief national characteristic of our 
American cousins, and in this pursuit they have displayed a genius- 



240 UNIVERSITY OF TORONTO MONTHLY 

for concrete research in mechanical invention and an ability for 
commercial and industrial enterprise which have been an object 
of wonder, and latterly of anxiety, to other nations. During the 
first hundred years of national existence the university of the 
gymnasium type which has been inherited from England con- 
tinued to develop and expand in the 'United States. Suddenly, 
however, almost exactly twenty-five years ago, a remarkable mocli- 
ficationwas introduced. The year 1877 marks an epoch in the estab- 
lishment of the Johns Hopkins University, with research courses 
leading to the degree of Ph.D. as an addition to the usual under- 
graduate work; in other words, a grafting of the German univer- 
sity system upon the original stock. It is proper to state that even 
before that date research work had been prosecuted incidentally 
in some of the older existing universities. On consideration of 
the circumstances it is not difficult to account for this new depar- 
ture. The movement was undoubtedly due to the influence of 
American students who had gone to Germany for special studies. 
This migration to and fro had been going on for some time before 
the founding of Johns Hopkins and still continues, the number of 
such students gradually increasing from 77 in 1860 to an aver- 
age of about 400 annually during the last decade. The new uni- 
versity experiment was a success from the first. The scheme was 
carried out on such a high plane that large numbers of able and 
zealous students were attracted from all parts of the continent by 
the facilities for higher study and by the scholarships and fellow- 
ships which formed part of the scheme. The appointment of 
graduates' of Johns Hopkins to positions in other universities and 
their success as teachers and investigators have led to a widespread 
demand for professors who have proved their capacity for original 
work. 

Since 1877 many other universities, including the best of those 
already in operation, as well as new foundations, have added a 
graduate department leading to the Ph.D. degree, although none 
of these, with the exception of Clark University, has made the 
prosecution of research the sole business of the university. Some 
idea of the rapid progress of this movement may be gathered from 
the fact that the numbers pursuing graduate studies in the uni- 
versities of the United States have increased from eight, in 1850, 
to 399 in 1875, and to about 6,000 in 1902. We must conclude 
from these figures,, I think, either that the national mind discerns 
some ultimate advantage in the cultivation of abstract science, or 
that for once, it has been mysteriously diverted from the pursuit 
of the main chance.'' It is surely significant that a practical 
philanthropist like Mr. Carnegie has recently bestowed the mao-- 



UNIVERSITIES IX RELATION- TO RESEARCH. 241 

nificent endowment of $10,000,000 for the establishment of an 
institution to be devoted solely to the promotion of research. 

As to the ultimate scientific value of what has been already ac- 
complished in the way of research under the influence of this 
recent movement, there is room for a qualifying remark. It must 
be remembered that much of the graduate work referred to does 
not mean actual research, the course for the Ph.D. in many cases 
being no higher than the honor B.A. course with us. What is 
required to remedy this unsatisfactory condition is that the Ph.D. 
be given only on the German plan, and that the main test there- 
for, a research, bo published. When this condition becomes ab- 
solute there will be material for the world's judgment as to the 
amount and quality of the contribution to the advancement of 
knowledge. 

Organized research in Canadian universities, as a definite sys- 
tem, can scarcely be said to exist as yet, although within the last 
decade certain beginnings have been made which indicate a move- 
ment in that direction. Canada, like the United States, has de- 
rived its university ideals from Great Britain. Some of the origi- 
nal faculties of our universities were a transplantation, so to speak, 
of groups of scholars from Britain, who brought with them intact 
the traditions in which they themselves had been nurtured, so that 
we received by direct importation scarcelv more than fifty years 
ago a system which in the United States had been developing in 
its own way since the founding of Harvard in 1636. I cannot 
better illustrate the attitude towards - research of many of these 
academic pioneers than by quoting the remark made by an Eng- 
lish professor himself a classical scholar on an occasion so com- 
paratively recent as the establishment of the physical laboratory in 
the University of Toronto. "Why go to the expense/' said he, 
" of purchasing this elaborate equipment until the physicists have 
made an end of making discoveries?" 

In the interval the idea of research has made gratifying progress 
among the well-informed. Probably few scholars could now be 
found in Canada who would put their objections so naively as my 
classical friend. This progress has come in part from a natural 
process of evolution within ourselves, and in part also from external 
influences, notably that of Germany and the United States. Many 
of our graduates have pursued courses of study in Germany and 
have brought back with them the German ideal. Besides, such 
is the geographical position of Canada with regard to the United 
States, and such the community of social and intellectual life, that 
the universities of these two countries must inevitably develop 
along parallel lines; and hence, if for no other re-ason, we may look 



. 
242 UNIVERSITY OF TORONTO MONTHLY 

forward to the gradual extension here of the research movement 
which is already so widespread in the neighboring republic. 

That a natural and healthy demand for this kind of work al- 
ready exists may, I think, be inferred from the success which has 
attached to the recent establishment of the doctorate degree in 
certain universities, but still more perhaps from the fact that for 
some years it has been customary in some cases to direct honor 
students in the final year of the B.A. course to the work > of re- 
search. In illustration of what has been accomplished in this 
way I may state that some of the papers presented in Section III. 
at the present meeting have been prepared by undergraduates in 
arts in the University of Toronto. But whatever may be the ulti- 
mate outcome of the research movement with us, permit me to 
repeat what I have already said in another connection, namely, 
that the Ph.D. should not be given without the presentation of a 
satisfactory thesis, and that such research should be published 
before the degree is awarded. 

I have confined my remarks up to this point almost wholly to 
the historical aspect of the question, but it will perhaps not be 
out of place for me to -point out in conclusion some of the advan- 
tages which, in my opinion, are connected with the pursuit of uni- 
versity research. 

Let us consider first the stimulating effect upon the individuals 
and institutions concerned. Among those who are affected by 
this stimulus should first be named the professor. Dr. Samuel 
Johnson was wont to compare accumulated knowledge to a heap 
of ice lying exposed to the summer sun, the bulk of which could 
not be maintained without constant replenishment. Continuing 
the figure, we can readily imagine that the professor's fund of 
knowledge, which is ample enough for the class-room teaching of 
immature minds, might shrink and trickle away until little is left 
but the saw-dust which we usually associate with the preservation 
of that commodity. Under the stimulus of research this is im- 
possible, for research into the new implies a full and minute 
mastery of that branch of knowledge in which the research is 
being conducted. Hence if no other advantage resulted a good 
case might be made out along this line of argument. 

This stimulus to the professor would react with increased force 
upon the student. It was a favorite saying of a certain celebrated 
artist that those who follow after others rarely outstrip them. To 
hold up before the student either by theory or practice 
solely the ideal of acquiring what has. already been 
learned, is mediaevaiism pure and simple ; it is to teach 
him to creep where he might walk upright and alone; 



UNIVERSITIES IN RELATION TO RESEARCH. 243 

it is to rob him in part of that intellectual birthright 
of independent thought which is the inheritance of every 
man, at least since the Renaissance. It is sometimes objected that 
the results attained by research students are often trivial or futile. 
I am disposed, however, to agree with a remark made by one of 
George Eliot's characters: "Failure after long perseverance i> 
much, grander (and I would say parenthetically more useful) than 
never to< have a striving good enough to be called a failure." It 
is sometimes also urged that research in the immature student 
leads to superficiality and conceit. I cannot but think this fear 
ill-grounded. It has been proved on the contrary that nothing 
will so quickly ripen and enlarge preliminary knowledge and so 
effectually extinguish presumption as the hand-to-hand struggle 
with some special problem in the department of study m which 
the student is already proficient. 

Apart from the professor and student, the first effect of the in- 
auguration of research work in our universities, if of the genuine 
stamp, will be felt upon the teaching profession of the country 
as a whole. Assuming an educated and interested public opinion, 
the premium so long placed upon memorized knowledge will dis- 
appear, and a change in the principle of selection of teachers both 
in universities and secondary schools will result. The time will 
have gone by, let us hope, when a Huxley will be passed over, as 
was the case fifty years ago, when his candidature for a chair in 
the Provincial University was unsuccessful. 

We come finally to the effect of research upon the national life. 
Canada, it is true, is barely on the threshold of national existence, 
rich, however, in natural resources, and richer still in the physical, 
moral and intellectual qualities of its people. Its future as a 
nation will depend largely upon the aggregate of intellectual effort 
of its population. In this sense, truly, knowledge is, power. 
The time has surely come when we should cease to 
take all our knowledge at second-hand from abroad, and 
when we should do some original thinking suitable to our own 
circumstances. Under the term original thinking I do not in- 
clude merely the researches of the laboratory, for the spirit of 
research which inspires the chemist or the philologist is one with 
that creative faculty which moves the poet and the novelist, a 
spirit which guides all contemporary movements in literature, 
science and art. For the development of this spirit of originality 
the country must look primarily to its universities, for 011 them 
depends ultimately the whole intellectual life of the people. The 
time is approaching, if indeed it has not already arrived, when the 
research university must be regarded as the only university, and 



244 UNIVERSITY OF TORONTO MONTHLY 

the task is incumbent upon those in authority of elaborating a uni- 
versity system not necessarily in imitation of those of other lands, 
but one which shall have proper regard to the importance of this 
new factor as well as to the past and future of our country. 



ANNUAL MEETING OF THE ALUMNI ASSOCIATION. 

AFTERNOON MEETING. 

THE third annual meeting of the University of Toronto 
Alumni Association was held June 12, 1902, at 3 p.m., 
in the Chemical Laboratory, the President, Dr. R. A. Reeve, being 
in the chair. 

The Secretary presented the annual report of the Execu- 
tive Committee as follows: 

REPORT OF THE EXECUTIVE COMMITTEE. 

1. Progress The growth of the Association since its organiza- 
tion in April, 1900, though not rapid, has been steady. During 
the past year local branches have been established in the counties* of 
Kent and Brant and in the District of Algoma. There are now 
twenty locally organized Associations whose enthusiastic co-opera- 
tion with the General Committee shows that a keen interest in the 
aflairs of the University is becoming general among the alumni 

A very important factor in the life of the local branches has 
been their co-operation with the University authorities in carry inp; 
out the scheme of University extension lectures. Generally, we 
find that these branches are becoming recognized as representing 
the LTniversity of Toronto in all phases of its activity, and the 
local direction of the extension movement is being taken up by 
them. 

Banquets have been held during the year by the Elgin, Welling- 
ton, Ottawa and Perth Associations in St. Thomas, "Guelph, Ot- 
tawa, and Stratford respectively. At St. Thomas the University 
and Alumni Association were represented by the Chancellor, Sir 
Win. Meredith, the Vice-Chancellor, Hon. Mr. Justice Moss, Prin- 
cipal Hutton, and the Secretary of the Association. At Guelph 
the^ representatives were the Chancellor and Principal Hutton, 
while President London represented the two bodies at the Alumni 
Dinner at Ottawa. At Stratford all of these gentlemen were 
present and received a most enthusiastic welcome. At these din- 
ners there was an average attendance of over one hundred, which 
included not only the local alumni and representatives from organ- 
isations in adjacent counties, but also a lar^e number of gentlemen 
prominent in the industrial and commercial life of the locality. 



ANNUAL MEETING OF ALUMNI ASSOCIATION. 245 

Research Scholarship Fund. Owing to the decision of the Ex- 
ecutive Committee to concentrate its energy on the Convocation 
Hall scheme, no effort to augment the Kesearch Scholarship Fund 
has been made, and it remains practically stationary. 

Memorial Window Committee. The Committee who have in 
hand the proposal to restore the memorial window to the 
graduates who fell at Kidgeway have not yet reported the com- 
pletion of their plans to the Executive Committee. 

Harper Memorial Fund. In order to commemorate the 
bravery of the late H. A. Harper, M.A., of Ottawa, the Executive 
Committee instructed the Treasurer to receive subscriptions for a 
memorial. The subscriptions received to date have not been suffi- 
cient to enable this committee to take any definite action in the 
matter! 

Convocation Hall Scheme. Early in the year the Executive 
Committee decided that the need of a Convocation Hall was so 
pressing as to justify them in concentrating their energies on an 
effort to supply the deficiency. A preliminary canvass of the 
members of the various Faculties was made shortly before Christ- 
mas, and the amount then promised, some $6,000, was deemed so 
encouraging that plans for a general canvass were at once made. It 
was decided to approach the graduates through the year organiza- 
tions, and committees were nominated in each year to carry out 
the work. In completing these arrangements, the local branches 
have afforded valuable aid to the central committee by giving 
publicity to the movement and lending it their active and hearty 
support. ' 

It was decided that a suitable hall could not be built for less than 
$50,000, so that subscriptions were received conditional upon the 
$50,000 being subscribed. The result of the canvass of the Facul- 
ties was so favorable that no difficulty was anticipated in raising 
this amount by the first of the present month, and a subscription 
form was distributed for that purpose. 

As the date approached, it was seen that the expectation of the 
Committee could not be fulfilled, and the subscription form was 
changed by removing the time limit. 

The various year committees have reported from time to time 
to the General Secretary, enabling weekly reports of the progress 
of the fund to be published. The report published on Saturday, 
June 7th, showed a total of $12,882.00 subscribed. During the 
piesent week $465.00 have been subscribed, and the total of sub- 
scriptions now stands at $13,347.00. 



246 UNIVERSITY OF TORONTO MONTHLY 

Already $338.50 has been received on account of these sub- 
seriptions. It is anticipated that the interest on the cash receipt* 
v.'ill defray the current expenses of the scheme. 

Guarantee Fund. Pursuant to instructions received at the last 
Annual Meeting, the Executive Committee started the subscrip- 
tion of a Guarantee Fund for the purpose of assisting in paying 
the deficit of last year in connection with the publication of the 
'"University of Toronto Monthly." In the October number a 
.subscription form was published, and the responses to the appeal 
have amounted to $192.00, of which $16.00 has been paid, which 
has been placed on deposit and on which 15 cents interest has 
accrued. ; 

In this connection it may be stated that, in order to carry the 
indebtedness of last year and go on with the publication of the 
u Monthly," it was found necessary to borrow the sum of $1,000, 
which was advanced by the Imperial Bank on the personal guar- 
antee of President Loudon, President R. A. Reeve, President 
Mills, Principal Hutton, Professors Cameron, McPhedran, W. 
Lash Miller, Ramsay, Wright, Squair, Fletcher, Fraser, and 
Messrs. T. A. Russell, and J. C. McLennan. 

Secretary's Office. During the year much has been done in en- 
larging and revising the card catalogue of graduates in the Secre- 
tary's office. As it now stands, it embraces the graduates in Law r 
Medicine and Arts, with the exception of the graduates of Vic- 
toria University prior to confederation. In order to remedy this 
deficiency in the catalogue, the Secretary, together with the Re- 
gistrar of the University, is co-operating with a committee of the 
staff of Victoria College, and a complete and accurate list of all 
the Arts graduates, it is hoped, will be compiled before long. 

Each month lists of graduates have been prepared from the 
Catalogue and published in the "Monthly," and the prompt as- 
sistance of the graduates in correcting errors in these lists, which 
they have observed, has been most helpful in keeping the cata- 
logue up to date. 

It will be seen from the Treasurer's report that $860 was re- 
ceived in membership fees from June 3rd, 1901, to May 31st of 
tl is year, showing an excess of $133 ($860 $727) over last year. 
Since May 31st $81 has been received. The financial state- 
ment shows that one half of the fees collected during the year was 
-t aside for the purposes of the "Monthly." This was done un- 
der a resolution of the Executive Committee (June 28, 1901), 
The expenses of the general association are set forth in the state- 



ANNUAL MEETING OF ALUMNI ASSOCIATION. 247 



uient which is before you, and the profit on the year's 
is, as is there shown, $225.74. 

The collection of fees and of information regarding the <loin-s 
of graduates has entailed a great deal of correspondence, but your 
Committee ventures to hope that much of it has been directly in- 
strumental in uniting the alumni in promoting the interests of 
the University. 

Editorial Committee. A considerable saving has been effected 
in the publication of the " Monthly " this year by a reduction in 
the number of copies printed and in several A other ways, such as 
the employment of mechanical type-setting and cheaper paper. 

While the proceeds of the advertising account are very little 
larger than last year, considerable saving has been made in agents' 
commission. 

The grant from the Association is larger this year, amounting 
to $4.30 as against $372.50 last year. 

The expenses of producing the " Monthly " are set forth in the 
statement before you, and they are, as shown, $112.70 less than 
the receipts, so that, instead of showing a large deficit, as was the 
ease last year, the transactions this year result in, a small profit, 

From the steady increase in the interest taken by the alumni 
in the " Monthly," as expressed in the large number of letters 
T( ceived, the Committee is encouraged to believe that next year's 
progress will be even more marked than that of the present year. 



On motion of the Secretary, seconded by Professor Squair, the 
report, was received and discussed clause by clause. The clauses 
referring to the progress of the Association during the year, the 
research scholarship fund, the memorial window to the heroes 
of Bidgeway, and the Harper memorial fund, were adopted with 
very little discussion. 

In connection with the clause dealing with the Convocation 
Hall project, Dr. Smale expressed his dissent from the methods 
adopted in launching and promoting the scheme. He was of the 
opinion that at least seventy per cent, of the desired total should 
have been subscribed before any publicity was given to the matter. 
Professor Ramsay Wright pointed out that the weekly reports 
issued by the Secretary had been the means of bringing the matter 
to the attention of many graduates who might otherwise not have 
been reached, and Mr. I. H. Cameron remarked that the issuing 
of weekly statements as to the progress of the subscriptions had 
been decided upon by the Executive Committee after considerable 
Deliberation. The clause was then adopted. 



. 
248 UNIVERSITY OF TORONTO MONTHLY 

On motion of Hon. S. C. Biggs, seconded by Mr. Wilkie, after 
the adoption of the remaining clauses, the report as a whole was, 
adopted. 

TREASURER'S REPORT. 

The Treasurer then presented his annual statement, which, 
showed a net gain on this year's transactions of $364.69, thus re- 
ducing the deficit 011 the two years to $544.92. For the informa- 
tion of the members not present, the Treasurer's statement for 
the year 1901-1902 is appended: 

UNIVERSITY OF TORONTO ALUMNI ASSOCIATION. 

Statement of Assets and Liabilities, 31st May, 1902. 
LIABILITIES. ASSETS. 

To Balance $22574 Office equipment 11785 

Convocation Hall 88 11 

Balance in bank 19 78 

"$225 74 $225 74 

PROFIT AND Loss. 

To Deficit last year $ 26 25 By Fees $860 00 

" Postage 66 80 " Typewriting, etc 2 45- 

" Salaries.., 17850 " Grant from University 20000- 

" Expenses 34 57 " Sundry accounts 15 30 

" Commission on one-half 

Fees 15 83 

" Stationery, etc 82 27 

" Travelling expenses 17 35 

" Interest 44 

." Grant to MONTHLY. 430 00 

" Balance.. 225 74 



$1,077 75 $1,077 7 

UNIVERSITY OF TORONTO MONTHLY. 

Statement 31st May, 1902. 
LIABILITIES. ASSETS. 

To Bills Payable $1,000 00 By Personal accounts $396 01 

" Advertising unexpired .. 25500 "Bank 8923- 

" Deficit . 769 76 



$1,255 00 $1,255 00* 

PROFIT AND Loss. 

To Deficit last year 882 46 By Advertisements $1,441 47. 

" Printing $ 925 30 " Pamphlets 15 50 

"Salaries 41085 " Casual sales 300 

" Commission on adv's .... Ill 79 " Grant from Association.. 430 00* 

on one half fees 15 82 " Deficit 769 76- 

" Accounts written off 44 00 

" Interest 47 98 

" Expense 35 83 

" Postage 46 15 

Paid for Association .... 15 30 

" Mailing and delivery 74 26 

"Stationery 4407 

" Engraving 5 92 

$2,659 73 $2,659 7fr 

I hereby certify that I have examined the books and vouchers of the Alumni 
Association of the University of Toronto and the University of Toronto MONTHLY 
and have found them correct. (Sgd.) W. A DOUGLASS B.A., 

Toronto. 6th June, 1902. Auditor. 



ANNUAL MEETING OF ALUMNI ASSOCIATION. 249 

The preceding statements show that the results for the year 
are as follows : 

Abstract Financial Statements, 1901-1902. 

Deficit Alumni Association, June 3rd, 1901 $ 26 25 

Deficit MONTHLY, June 3rd, 1901 882 46 

Total deficit QQQ 71 

Surplus Alumni Association, May 31st, 1902 <$ 251 99 

Surplus MONTHLY, May 31st, 1902 112 70 

Total surplus 354 gg 

Leaving a net indebtedness, May 31st., 1902 $544 Q 2 

(Sgd) W. A. DOUGLASS, B.A., 

Auditor. 



F. J. Smale, Ph.D., moved, seconded by F. B. Allan, Ph.D., 
that, for the future guidance of striking committees, this Associa- 
tion place itself 011 record in favor of the largest possible change 
in the personnel of the Executive Committee at each annual 
meeting, consistent with the best interests of the Association, only 
fcuch. officers as the Secretary and Treasurer, whose duties are, to 
a gfeat extent, continuous, holding office successively for more 
than one year. 

During the discussion the following members of the Association 
spoke: Messrs. Cooper, Douglas, I. H. Cameron, Embree, Biggs, 
Needier, W. H. Fraser, Milner, Keys, Manley, Fletcher. 

The time having arrived for the unveiling of the Memorial 
Tablet to the memory of the late H. A. Harper, M.A., and the 
late H. A. Moore, B.A., the meeting adjourned at 4.45 p.m. to 
enable the members to take part in the ceremony, withcvt the 
conclusion of the discussion or the taking of a vote on the reso^ 
lution. 

THE UNVEILING CEREMONY. 

The Rotunda and adjoining corridors, were thronged with gra- 
duates, who stood bareheaded and in reverent attitude while Dr. 
Iteeve presented the memorial tablet, on behalf of the Ottawa 
Alumni, and President London accepted it for the University. 

Dr. Iieeve said: 

* { In the regretted absence of a member from the Capital, the 
President of the Alnmni Association, on behalf of the Toronto 
L niversity Club, of Ottawa, has been asked to present through yon, 
Mr. President, to the University, this bronze tablet commemorat- 
ing the heroism of two of your graduates, H. A. Moore, B.A., and 
H. A. Harper, M.A. 

One need hardly remind a group of University men that time 
and again the courage and patriotism of our alumni have been 



250 UNIVERSITY OF TORONTO MONTHLY 

put to the test and signally proved. The .Niagara peninsula, tho 
Aorth-West, and South Africa : Ridgeway, Batoche, and Paarde- 
l.erg amply attest the fact that college life and scholarship not- 
only foster and promote the highest citizenship, but develop the 
qualities that produce the best type of soldier. But, sir, the 
alumni whom we laud and deplore to-day did not meet death on 
the field of battle, cheered and animated as they pressed on 
shoulder to shoulder, with hundreds of their compatriots; but 
each lost his life singly, in the brave attempt to save life. On the 
spur of the moment, each showed the instinct and impulse of 
tiue heroism, and, alas! sacrificed his life in vain. Less heroic 
deeds have been the theme of the poet and orator, but these simple 
words must suffice, Mr. President, as I commit to the safe keeping 
of our common alma mater the memorial tablet which we now 
unveil." 

President London spoke as follows: 

" The duty has been assigned to me this afternoon of accepting, 
en behalf of the University, this memorial tablet erected by the 
University graduates resident in Ottawa, in memory of the heroic 
deed and heroic death of two of our alumni. I can assure you 
that I come to the discharge of this duty with feelings of sadness, 
not unmixed, however, with a certain melancholy satisfaction. 
The occasion brings again to my mind in a very vivid way the 
sense of personal loss which I felt on learning of the sudden and 
tragic death of the two noble young men whose names are here 
recorded. To this must be added the sorrow which arises from 
the reflection that by their untimely end two lives of high pro- 
mise have been cut short on the threshold of a career of useful- 
ness. The death of any young man, in the flower of intellectual 
and physical vigor, is in itself inexpressibly sad, but when we 
are called upon to mourn the loss! of high abilities, of finished edu- 
cation, and of exceptional energy, as in the present instance, the 
event must strike everyone as a public calamity. In addition t> 
these personal and general reflections, I must not fail to mention 
the deep sorrow felt by my colleagues on the Faculty, and espe- 
cially by those who in the class-room and elsewhere came into 
more direct personal relations with the deceased as undergraduates. 
It is no more than my duty on this occasion to give public expres- 
sion to this general sentiment of regret. 

It is a common instinct of humanity, in the presence of be- 
reavement, to seek for some consolatory circumstance which may 
serve to mitigate the forc3 of the blow some beaut} 7 or merit in 
the life or death of the one who is mourned for. In this regard 
there is not wanting to us here a consolation of the highest and 



ANNUAL MEETING OF ALUMNI ASSOCIATION. 251 

noblest character. It is set forth in aeueral terms upon the tabbi 
itself. 

"Each drowned in the effort to save the life of another." 

You are all familiar with the details, and 011 these I. do not 
3 eed to dwell, although in themselves they heighten the merit 
<>i the deed. 

To perish on the field of battle is universally and properh: re- 
garded as a noble death, and yet it is questionable whether the 
bravery which animates the soldier, in the heat of action and in 
the midst of his comrades, to" face the grim destroyer, is not 
exceeded by the calm and resolute courage of these heroes, who 
it 1 , one and single-handed, with full knowledge of the danger in- 
curred, went down to almost certain destruction. Such courage is 
rure and admirable in the highest degree, and when we consider the 
motive the effort to save the life of a fellow-being we cannot 
praise too highly their noble though unavailing daring. 

The, alumni of the city of Ottawa, who best knew the deceased 
and were bound to them by ties of friendship, as well as by their 
sentiment of affection towards their alma mater, have considered 
i f appropriate that some lasting and visible memorial should be 
erected to perpetuate their memory and to tell the story of their 
heroic death to all who pass within these walls. To that end they 
have erected this tablet of enduring brass, for which, in the name 
cf the University, I thank them; but our young friends have, by 
their self-sacrificing deeds, upreared in the memory of all those who 
are cognizant of the facts a monumentum aere perennius, and 
their name has been added to the roll of those who are worthy 
of eternal fame." 

EVENING MEETING. 

The second session of the Annual Meeting was called to order 
shortly after 8 o'clock, Dr. R. A. Reeve in the chair. 

In his opening remarks the chairman touched on a number of 
topics of importance to the University and of interest to the 
alumni. He referred with pleasure to the satisfactory progress 
of the " Monthly " and of the Association generally, and spoke 
hopefully of the growth of the Convocation Hall Fund. 

Professors I. H. Cameron, Squair, Ballantyne, Bain, Baker, 
Messrs, Clarke, Biggs, "Wilkie, Embree and W. E. Willmott, who 
had been appointed by the President, under a resolution passed 
at. the last Annual Meeting, to act as a striking committee, then 



25-2 UNIVERSITY OF TORONTO MONTHLY 

reported through the secretary of the committee, Hon. S. C. Biggs, 
the following nominations : 

Hon. President, President London. 

President, Dr. R. A. Eeeve. 

Vice-Presidents E, R, Cameron, M.A., Ottawa; L. E. Embree, M.A., Toronto; 
F. R. Eccles, M.D., London, Ont. 

Secretary and Treasurer, J. C. McLennan, Ph.D. 

Councillors Professors James Ballantyne, H. J. Cody, A. R. Bain, 
J. R. Teefy, John Fletcher, C. H. C. Wright, I. H. Cameron, A. Y. Scott, 
W. E. Willmott, J. MteGregor Young, Dr. F. H. Torrington, Miss E. N. 
Curzon, B.A., Miss M. H. Sutherland, B.A., Messrs. C. C. James, M.A., 
Geo. Wilkie, B.A., J. A. Cooper, B.A., LL.B., J. W. Mallon, B.A., LL,B,, 
S. C. Biggs, B.A., K.C., J. M. Clarke, M.A., LL.B., K.C., T. A. Russell, 
B.A. 

During the consideration of the report the President left the 
chair, Mr. Embree presiding, in order to express his earnest wisii 
to he relieved of the duties of the presidency, which he had dis- 
charged for two years. The meeting, however, was unanimous 
in its desire to retain Dr. Reeve in the office for another year, and 
he was prevailed upon to withdraw his opposition. 

The nominations of the committee for the offices of honorary 
president, president, vice-presidents, secretary and treasurer were 
adopted; but, on motion of Dr. Smale, seconded by Dr. Xeedler, 
it was decided by a large majority of those present that the names 
of the various members of the faculties of the different affiliated 
and confederated colleges on the list of councillors be reconsidered 
by the striking committee, and that the committee be authorized 
to substitute for these the names of other prominent graduates in 
the various colleges. 

Those members of the committee who were present, with the 
exception of Professor I. H. Cameron, who declined to act, then 
withdrew to carry out the instructions of the meeting. 

In their absence the Rev. Dr. Bryce, of Winnipeg, Moderator 
of the General Assembly, addressed the alumni. He was glad> 
he said, to be able to come and see his fellow alumni, to meet <rO 
many of them and have the opportunity of reviving old associa- 
tions which with him dated back to '67. A number of reminis- 
cences were given, which were told with a humor that delighted 
the audience. The speaker stated that the great and rapidly grow- 
ing West made demands upon the time and means of the graduates 
hi. that portion of Canada which prevented their coming actively 
to the aid of the University as yet. They felt that they should 
develop their own educational institutions first, and so provide 
for the instruction of their expanding population, but they all 
were intensely interested in the welfare of the University of To- 
ronto, and the time would come when they would be in a position 



ANNUAL MEETING OF ALUMNI ASSOCIATION. 253 

to aid her. He described in a few words the growth of the Uni- 
versity of Manitoba, and referred to some of the chief difficulties 
that had been overcome in its progress to its present satisfactory 
position. Dr. Bryce made a strong appeal to the alumni to be 
true to the interests of the University to which they owed so 
much, and which he believed was destined to remain the leading 
educational institution of the Dominion. 

On motion of Professor I. H. Cameron, seconded by Professor 
Fletcher, the meeting then extended a hearty vote of thanks to 
Dr. Bryce for his address. 

Short speeches were also made by Rev. Mr. Bradley, of Berlin; 
Professor McCurdy, Mr. Colbeck and Mr. Paterson. 

A resolution congratulating the Executive upon the improved 
financial position of the University of Toronto Monthly, and put- 
ting on record the meeting's appreciation of the great labor they,, 
and in particular the chairman of the Editorial Committee and 
the secretary, have given to the interests of the Association, was 
moved by Mr. Milner and seconded by Dr. Needier. 

On the return of the striking committee it was reported that 
they had been unable to substitute any names for those in the 
original report, and, on motion of Mr. "Wilkie, seconded by Mr. 
Biggs, the clause referred back was carried, as was also the report 
as a whole. 

Professor Squair gave notice of motion to enlarge the Executive 
Committee by increasing the number of elective councillors. 

On motion of Professor I. H. Cameron, seconded by Mr. Biggs ? 
the meeting then adjourned. 

J. C. MCLENNAN, Secretary. 



CONVOCATION. 

BY S. J. ROBERTSON. B. A. 

THE annual Convocation for the conferring of degrees was* 
held in the University gymnasium at 2.30 o'clock p.m., June 
13th. The warmth of the afternoon added to the discomfort of 
the crowd, which filled every available corner of the build- 
ing. For over three, hours a patient and apparently pleased 
audience sat listening to speeches, which were inaudible to all but 
the favored few, owing to the poor acoustic qualities of the 
building. However, we must not complain. As a gymnasium, it 
it almost perfect, and we hope that our Convocation Hall, when 
we get it, may be as admirably adapted to its purpose. 
The Chancellor, Sir William Meredith, presided. 




254 UNIVERSITY OF TORONTO MONTHLY 

A great deal of interest was taken in the unveiling of the por- 
trait of the Honorable William Mulock. The presentation of the 
portrait, painted by J. W. L. Forster, was made by Rev. Principal 
Caven, and it was received by the Vice-chancellor, the Honorable 
Mr. Justice Moss. 

Principal Caven spoke of Mr. Mulock's long connection with 
the University, and dwelt on his activity in connection .with con- 
federation and the bringing in of the Medical Faculty in 1887. 
The Vice-Chancellor, in receiving the portrait on behalf of the 
University, referred to Mr. Mulock's services, both as a statesman 
mid as an alumnus. Mr. Mulock had always kept in mind the one 
great consideration that this University was a University of the 
people, established by the people, maintained by the people, and 
for the people, intended and designed to do its share of the w r ork 
of moulding* and building up the characters and minds of those 
who were in time to come to take their part in the maintaining 
and building up and conducting of the affairs of this great self- 
governing country of ours.. 

The procuring of the portrait, and all the arrangements in con- 
nection with it, were entrusted to a committee of the University 
Senate, composed of the Vice-Chancellor and the heads of Vic- 
toria, Knox, and St. Michael's Colleges, and Sir John Boyd, Prof. 
Baker, J. John King, K.C., Dr. A. H. Wright, and Dr. W. H. 
~B. Aikins. 

N. W. Hoyles, K.C., presented Hon. John Douglas Armour, 
Chief Justice of Ontario, for the degree of LL.D., honoris causa. 
In doing so he reviewed the brilliant university and legal career 
of the Chief Justice. 

In presenting President Ira Remsen, of Johns Hopkins Univer- 
sity, Baltimore, Md., President London said that his name on 
the list indicated that there was reciprocity in academic matters, 
.although not in trade. As a matter of fact, through the migration 
of graduates to and fro, very close relations had been established 
between Johns Hopkins and Toronto, with the result that several 
members of, Toronto's faculty and many graduates were also 
alumni of Johns Hopkins University, some of them being also on 
its staff. The attraction of Johns Hopkins University for Toronto 
graduates lay in the fact that it had been the pioneer in research 
work on this continent. As such for upwards of twenty-five years 
Is had exercised a widespread influence on other universities, and 
created a higher ideal of university education amongst the Eng- 
lish-speaking people. To this splendid result President Remsen 
had in no small measure personally contributed by his labors as 
ii teacher and investigator. 



CONVOCATION. 255 

J. P. Whitney, .K.C., M.L.A., was presented by President 
London, who said it had been the custom of the rniversity in 
granting the degree of LL.D., honoris causa, to recognize not only 
academic standing but public services. The first recipients of this 
distinction were Sir John Macdonald and Sir Oliver Mowat. Mr. 
Whitney had for several years devoted himself to the work of 
legislation in the Province by acting as leader of the Opposition. 
In his manner of doing this he had won the admiration of many 
and the respect of all. In granting this degree, the Senate recog- 
nizes, he said, with especial pleasure the sympathetic and progres- 
sive attitude which Mr. Whitney has adopted in his Parliamentary 
career towards the cause of education, whether in relation to the 
public school, the high school, or the university. 

Mr. Whitney, in replying, expressed the hope that in the future 
the people of the Province and its public men would join together 
ir their appreciation of the great Provincial University, so that 
in the future the way of the University might be made smoother 
and easier than it is to-day. 

The other recipients of the degree were: John Foy, K.C, r 
M.L.A., presented by Rev. Father Teefy; Professor R. Ramsay 
Wright, presented by Chancellor Burwash; Principal Galbraith, 
presented by Mr. I. H. Cameron; Principal Hutton, presented 
1 y Mr. Gold win Smith, and Dr. R. A. Reeve, presented by Princi- 
pal Sheraton. 

On Professor Torrington was conferred the degree of Mus. Doc. 
(honoris causa). He was presented by Professor Baker. 

On Richard Davidson and R. G. Murison was conferred the 
degree of Ph.D. They were presented by Professor McCurdy. 

The following degrees were also conferred : 

M.A. Bollert, Miss M. L.; Cummings, Miss L. D.; Hutton, Miss M.; 
Wigg, Miss H. E.; Anderson, F. W.; Anderson, L. F.; Couch, I 
ningham, J. D.; Dakin, W. S.; DeLury, A. T.; Foucar, W. K.; 
bridge, J. D.; Glanfield, W. J.: Henderson, V. E.; Hutch erson, E. B.; 
Kay, G. F.; Kilgour, D. E.; Lang, A. E.; Langford, A. L.; Libby, W. 
F.; Powell, E. G.; Taylor, C. C.; Taylor, W. E.; Thomson, A. E. M.;. 
Wilson, N. K.; Wilson, W. G. 
M.D. Hicks, Everett Sayers. 

LL.B. Bishop, E. T.; Cleary, E. A.; Fisher, J. H. F.; Halliday, F. 
W.; Turville, W. D. B. 

M.B. Anderson, Miss E.iL.; Connor, Mjiss E. ; MacLaren, -Miss K.; 
Archer, A. E.; Armstrong, G. H. L. ; Atkin, G. M.; Bell, W. G.; Brown. 
A.; Campbell, J, L.; Ghambjepls, W. J.; Dakin, W. S.; Davey, E. J.; Dreas- 
eke, G. C.; EFMott), H. R.; Esler, J.; Fisher, A.; Fletcher, G. W. ; Fraser, 
J. J.; Fry, E. E.; Godfrey, J. E.; Graham, J. E. S.; Gunn, J. N.; Henderson, 
V. E.; Hoidge, E. T.; Huffman, J. L.; Irwin, J. R.; James, E. P.; Ker- 
gin, W. T.; Klotz, O.; Leader, R. W.; Logan, H.; McBane, D.; McCordic_ 



256 UNIVERSITY OF TORONTO MONTHLY 

H N- McEaiehren, A. D.; Maclaurin, N. T.; Mitchell, W. A. R.; Moh% 
A*' Montgomery, C. H.; Montgomery, W. G.; Mullin, R. H.; Murdock, 
A- Roaf H E Rutherford, R. W.; Saunders, R W.; Short, F.; Smith, 
D' ! Snell' A'. E.'; Stauffer, L. L.; Sullivan, H. J.; Wallace, W. T.; With- 
row, 0. C.; Wright, A. B. 

B A Allen Miss A. W.; Amos, Miss F. R.; Archer, Miss jM. A.; Bell, 
Miss J *M Bennett, Miss A. M.; Bibby, Miss M. V.; Cameron, Miss C. 
A.; Campbell, Miss A.; Cunningham, Miss C. G.; Downing,, Miss M.: 
Easson, Miss J. M.; Harris, Miss R. H.; Houston, Miss J.; King, Miss 
B.; Macdonald, Miss M. A.; McKinley, Miss A. R.; McLean, Miss E. 
A.; McMahen, Miss M. M.; Marshall, Miss M. E.; May, Miss A.; Phillips, 
Miss M. M.; Robinson, Miss E. A.; Ross, Miss F. H.; Smith, Miss A. M.; 
Smith, Miss K.; Starr, Miss S. J.; Tapscott, Miss C. L; Ward, Miss A. 
L.; Addison, W. H. F.; Allison, W. L.; Archer, W. R.; Armstrong, A. 
E.; Auger, C. E.; Beer, J. H.; Bell, J. M.; Bell, J. R.; Bingham, C. B.; 
Blackstock, W. G.; Bray, W. C.; Broder, F. H.; Brown, L. E.; Carson, 

E. J.; Chipman, A. L.; Clappison, F. P.; Clarry, J. N.; Cochrane, A. R.; 
Cochrane, R. B.; Coffin, E. A.; Cooper, J. R. R.; Coulter, J.; Craik, W. A.; 
Cranston, D. L.; Crockett, E.; Cunningham, J. W.; Dickinson, R. J.; Dob- 
son, F. H.; Eckardt, L. R.; Fowler, J. H.; Fox, J. F.; Gould, C. L; Grant, 
A. W.; Gray, N. R.; Green, T.; Green, W. T.; Hamilton, A. E.; Hamil- 
ton, R. J.; Homilton, W. H.; Hedley, James W.; Hedley, John W.; Hel- 
gason, Baldwin O. P.; Hodgson, G. S.; Honeywell, F. H.; Ingram, W. H.; 
Isbestor, A. J.; Justice, A, C.; Klotz, W. C.; Lougheed, W. J.; McDairund, 

F. A. ; McFarland, G. F.; McFarlane, W. G.; MacGregor, J. P.; McHugh, 
jM. W.; MacKenzie, E. W.; Mackintosh, J. C.; MacLean, J.; McRae, C. 
A.; Magee, A. A.; Marshall, J. R.; Martin, J. A.; Moore, D. R.; Neville, 
H.; Nichol, W. L.; Oliver, E. H.; Paterson, E. R.; Phelan, T. W.; Phipps, 
F. H.; Roebuck, J. R.; Rogers, W. P.; Rolph, A. H.; Rumble, I. A.; 
Rutherford, W. H.; Simpson, E.; Smillie, R.; Smith, C. C.; Smith, G. 
E.; Soule, J. A.; Stacey, A. G.; Steele, S. G.-; Stjswart, R. M.; Stratton, 
R. D.; Symington, H. J.; Thompson, G. A.; Van Wyck, J. R.; Walker, 
W. O.; Wallace, H. T.; Wilson, C. L.; Woodroofe, R. W.; Younge, R. J. 

M.S. Harris, P. Elliott. 

B. A. Sc. Barrett, R. H.; Boswell, M. E.; Brandon, E. S.; Cockburn, 
J. R.; DeCew, J. A.; Eason, D. E.; Harvey, C.; Johnston, J. H.; McVean, 
H. C.; Price, H. W.; Rust, H. P.; Sauer, M. V.; Smallpeice, F. C.; Steven- 
son, W. H.; Wright, R. T. 

B.S.A. Black, W. J.; Christie, G. L; Jacobs, F. S.; Murray, J.; Car- 
son, W. J; Halliman, E C.; Moorhouse, L. A. 

Phm.B. MacCrimmon, Miss K. H.; Apps, E. O.; Ashton F B 
Beasley, T. S.; Beafftie, W. H.; Becker, W. G.; Bogardus, F. F.; Broad- 
foot'j J. B.; Brogden, A. B.; Campbell, D'Alton; Cantelon, W. P.; 
Cavanagh, J. H. E.; Chisholm, W. A.; Crane, R. E.; Doyle T M Dun- 
lop H. C.; Edmonds, G. W.; Etherington, H. S.; Ferguson, H. W.; Foster, 
E B. K.; Grieve, D. W.; Hamilton, G.; Horey, J. H.; Hunter, H. G.; 
Johnston, S. E.; Kay, A. *C.; Kellock, R. F.; Kestle, L.; Long, F. C. 
Lothian D A.; Mitchell, R. J.; Moore, W. P.; McKay, W. S.; Neve, 
A. J.; Newton, C. R. B.; Parsons, A. W.; Patterson, W. J.; Phelps, W. L.; 

qt^h?; A ; T J* eS> A ' ; Scatter ' J - R - Spearin, H. D.; Squires, C. S.; 
Stephen, A. X; Stevenson, A. W.; Stoddart, C. J.; Terzian S T- Van- 
Valkenburg, W. M.; Whitfc J. S.; Wilson, F. F.; Wilson R. L. 

Mus. Bap. Briggs, Miss A. M.; Wilson, Miss R. E. A. 
B. Psed. Davidson, J. H.; Gill, J.; Moshier, D. D. 



THE GARDEN PARTY. 257 

THE GARDEN. PARTY. 

BY MISS M. LANDOX WRIGHT. B.A. 

THE old saying, "Good wine needs no bush," might well be 
applied to the University garden party, which has now 
become a welcome annual event 011 the afternoon of Convocation. 
The timely occasion and delightful informality of the gathering, 
to say nothing of the loadstone of affection for the alma mater, 
are themselves sufficient to attract the graduates and friends of 
the University back to the old familiar spot. And so it was that, 
on Friday afternoon, the garden party commenced under most 
favorable auspices, which were not proved false in the event. 

The gathering had all the appearance, as well as the reality, of 
being a distinguished one. The weather had become seasonable 
for the occasion, and in the sunshine the rainbow-tinted hoods of 
the learned vied with the Highland costume of the military band, 
even surpassing in brilliancy, if not in elaboration, the gowns of 
those whose privilege it usually has been to bear off the palm for 
warmth of coloring. 

To one who stood apart and looked on, the groups of people ab- 
sorbed in conversation had their interest. The graduating class 
had an opportunity of bidding farewell a very indefinite fare- 
well to one another, while many of the graduates of several 
years' standing, who become scattered over the country on gradua- 
tion, as if propelled by an explosion, had returned again to their 
star nng-point, and were glad to see their old comrades. Besides 
these, there were the honored guests, who had been newly admitted 
into the ranks of the alumni, and were the centre of groups not 
less animated. 

Such evident display of enthusiasm as was shown on that day, 
although so largely of a social character, must suggest to all that, 
in the end, it makes for the unifying principle in college spirit. 



THE THIRD ANNUAL ALUMNI DINNER. 

BY F. F. MANLEY, B A. 

11 HE third annual dinner of the alumni of the University be- 
came a thing of the past at the seasonable hour of 11.30 
p.m. on Friday, June 13th. 

It was once said by a knowing fellow: "If you want to hear 
my opinion of an institution, show me its men at dinner!" "What 
would he have thought of the gathering of the University's men, 
imd a very few of its women, on the night in question? 



*2itt UNIVERSITY OF TORONTO MONTHLY 

A dinner may be analysed under two heads who are there, 
and what did they get! The latter consists of solid food ani 
mental food. As to the company, were it not invidious, it would 
be interesting to point out a few who were not, but who should 
have been there. 

The faculties were fairly well represented, but the attendance 
of the laymen was disappointing. Half a dozen would cover all 
the "grads." up to 1870, and the next ten years were not "in 
evidence" with more than one or two from each. 

It is hard to give a reason for this. It must be remembere I 
that University men, as well as others, go to a dinner to be amused 
as well as instructed, and to the fact that this has not always been 
done in the past may be attributed the small attendance. 

The speeches of the evening were more breezy and much 
shorter than usual, a continuance of which policy will increase 
the number of diners next year. 

Mr. Whitney's speech in response to the toast " The Empire," 
proposed by Mr. T. D. Delamere, K.C., was, perhaps, the 
u piece " of the evening, but even his remarks on political and 
University affairs will be forgotten when his story of " Under the- 
Hay " will be repeated. 

He said the traditional modesty which had always been the 
badge of the legal profession had made him hesitate when asked 
to speak to this toast, and the only thing which had made him 
promise to do so was the intimation that his remarks must be 
brief. Canadians had a right to be proud of their British citizen 
ship. They enjoyed the finest climate under the sun, the freest 
institutions, and a moral standing as high as could be found any- 
where. Every Canadian could paraphrase the old Roman motto,, 
and need only say: "Civis Britannicus Sum" to bring about him 
the power, majesty, and protection of the great British Empire. 
God's blessings had been meted out to us with no niggardly hand, 
and all should appreciate these blessings. It had been said by 
Lord Rosebery of Canada's greatest son that he had recognized 
the British Empire as the greatest secular influence for good in 
the world. Canadians should proudly look forward to becoming 
one of those outlying auxiliary kingdoms which in the future 
would be able to buttress and sustain the great Empire of which 
Canada formed a part. 

He wished to digress from his subject and say something about 
Toronto University. The degree which had been conferred on 
him in the afternoon was, he felt, an honor second to none that 
might come to a citizen of Ontario. He wished to ask of the? 



THE THIRD ANNUAL ALUMNI DINNER. 2 59 

n:en of Toronto University, "What have you been doing in the" 
past twenty years'" He did not wish to blame or to charge any- 
one with negligence, but had the interests, the necessities, an 1. 
the possibilities of the University been laid before the whol- 
people? Was it not true that it had rather received the " go-by "? 
Had the attention of the community been called to its needs in a* 
manner commensurate with the importance of the institution* 
They should see to it in future that the public were given due 
notice of its requirements; that they were made to realize the 
ties which connect with the people, the peculiar claims it had upon 
the people. These matters were a sealed book to the average 
man. Dotted over the province were hundreds of graduates of 
the institution; each might become a nucleus of influence. If 
they availed themselves of their opportunities to influence the 
public mind, public men would be found equal to the occasion 
when the time came. 

It would be hard to say whether it was Mr. Goldwin Smith's 
great name, or his presence, that carried the audience to their 
feet on his rising to propose the toast of " Alma Mater." " Alma 
mater," he said, " is a very sweet title. It is a title fraught with 
pleasant recollections that will endure to the end of life, if the 
University has been indeed an alma mater and the student has 
been a worthy son. Old as I am, and dull as the ear of old age 
is, the chimes in the tower of my old college at Oxford often 
come to me across the sea. Now, the University of Toronto has 
of late been rather buffeted by the waves of misfortune. She has 
had to call, and, I hope, has not called in vain, upon the loyalty 
and the strenuous assistance of her sons; but now a turn of good 
fortune seems to have come. If I may accept as true what I see 
in the public journals, Trinity College is disposed to come into 
confederation. One of the speakers to-day, in convocation, said 
that he did not know where confederation had its birth. I could 
have told him. It had its birth in the halls of Trinity University, 
to which I was invited, soon after I had settled in Canada, to 
speak upon that subject. For many years I tried to bring the 
subject under the attention of the Provost, but without much 
effect, until one afternoon the late Sir Casimir Gzowski and I 
v;ere walking together, and he deplored the want of opportunity 
for education in technical science." 

Mr. Smith proceeded to say that it was then suggested that the 
only way to secure this was to combine the whole resources of 
the Province to build up a really great university. So long as 



200 UfflVEJtelTY OF TUliOATO MONTHLY 



rjsii.'s and mathematics formed the curriculum, two or three pro- 
rs and a few book cases sufficed. Science required large 
funds, and if the Province, would supply these funds the Univer- 
sity would three and four times repay that to the Province. A 
multi-millionaire had said that a university educati n spoiled a 
man for business. For some kinds of business he hoped it did 
but it did not spoil him for that science which commerce and 
business of the higher kinds needed. There had been discussions 
about the proper office of a university, whether it was culture or 
instruction in practical subjects. The tw r o were not mutually 
exclusive; high instruction in practical subjects brought culture 
with it. The proper duty of a university was to teach high sub- 
jects of all kinds, not handicrafts or trades; not brewing, as on,? 
old country university undertook to teach, but high subjects of 
all kinds. This was expensive, and the Government must feel its 
duty to the Provincial University, and not deprive it for denomi- 
national institutions. Mr. Goldwin Smith detailed the circum- 
stances of Trinity's secession, which he regarded as a great 
mistake, and urged the graduates to exert their influence for the 
1'niversity's good. 

Dr. R, A. Reeve, President of the, Alumni Association, 
responded to the toast. The face of alma mater, he said, had 
more than beauty. Her face had character in it and the light 
of perennial youth. They should have a common bond of unity, 
fealty to their alma mater, and desire to advance her interest?. 
He appealed to them to unite their efforts to produce some tangi- 
ble evidence of their love for their alma mater. 

Mr. John A. Paterson, B.A., K.C., also responded to the toast, 
and, by "his flights of pleasant oratory, recalled his rank as prize 
speaker of the "Lit." in his day. He urged the alumnae ana 
alumni to be more independent, and not to rely on the Govern- 
ment for everything. He urged them to make a special effort 
to advance the Convocation Hall project. 

The Chancellor, Sir William Meredith, proposed the toast oi 
u Our Guests." He said he was glad to see that the alma mater 
societies in other cities were taking an active part in University 
affairs, and he was glad to call on Mr. George Wilkes as one of 
those to respond to the toast. He also welcomed President 
Reinsen. He knew that Dr. Remsen would carry back the mes- 
sage that he found here a happy, contented, prosperous people, 
especially satisfied with its form of government, but anxious to 
live in amity and friendly rivalry with the great republic to the 
south. Whoever had read his books had learned to love and 



THE THIRD ANNUAL ALUMNI DINNER 261 

respect Dr. Drummond. Besides givi t 

Mr George Wilkes, of Brantford, President of the Brant 
County Alumni Association, spoke of the usefulness' of the loca 

H?s adUateS " ^ -^ in 



The bright and happy speech of the President of "Johns 
Hopkins as well as his smart story, divested him for the dinne^ 

)ur of his exalted position much to the delight of his hearers 

He was greeted with "Yankee Doodle" and the college yell of 

Hopkins from a group of Toronto men who have studied 

that institution. He spoke of the many bonds of connection 
etweeii the two universities, mentioning by name many Toronto 

.en who have achieved distinction at Johns Hopkins, and manv 
who are members of their staff. "Among all the students who 
come to us," he said, "we always expect the greatest things from 
those who come from Canada. . . . When asked what we 
Lave at Baltimore, I reply that we have Osier." 

He re-echoed what the Chancellor had said about the friendship 
of the two nations, 

Dr. Drummond recited " Johnny Courteau," and was com- 
pelled to give an encore, so enthusiastic were his hearers. 

The toast of the graduating year was proposed by Bev. Father 
Teefy and responded to by A. E. Hamilton, B.A., and Y. E. 
Henderson, M.B. 

President Loudon's surrender of the " chair " to Dr. Beeve, the 
President of the Association, was a nice feature of the evening, 
that was not overlooked by the sharp-eyed "grads.," as was also 
Dr. Bemsen's quick recognition of his University's " call " as it 
burst out from one of the tables at the opening of his speech. 

The "Knights of the Bound Table," under the baton of Mr. 
Parker, dispensed short, smart, and well-timed college airs that 
will bear repetition on every such occasion. 

As to the menu, it was as good as could be expected under the 
circumstances. By a statute of the University, no alcoholic 
beverages are now allowed in the gymnasium, at dinners, or 
other functions, and whether a knowledge of this detracted from 
the attendance "deponent sayeth not!" 



262 UNIVEESITY OF TORONTO MONTHLY 

As the attendance was not up to the guarantee to the caterer,, 
there will be a deficit, which may be gallantly overcome by those 
graduates to whom tickets were sent on approval remitting the 
price, although they did not attend. 

The thanks of the alumni are due to the committee of the Asso- 
ciation which had charge of the dinner. The members of the- 
Dinner Committee were: < 

Geo. Wilkie, B.A. '88, chairman; F. J.Smale, B.A. '92, Ph.D.. secretary; S, 
Casey Wood, B.A. '92 ; J. C. McLennan, B.A. '92, Ph.D. ; W. S. Milner, B.A. '81, 
M.A. ; Professor Alfred Baker, B.A. '69; George Dickson, B.A. '72; Major F. 
F. Manley, B.A. '74; W. G. Eakins, B.A. '76; R. U. McPherson, B.A. '83, LL.B.; 
Professor J. McGregor Young, B. A. '84; J. C. Fields, B.A. '84, Ph.D.; John 
Kyles, B.A. '85; A. D. Crooks, B.A. '86; H. J. Crawford, B.A. '88; F. 
Tracy, B.A. '89, Ph.D.; Rev. G. R. Fasken, B.A. '90; H. M. Ferguson, 
B.A. '91; W. S. McLay, B.A '91; W. R. P. Parker, B.A. '93; S. M, 
Wicketjt, B.A. '94, Ph.D.; Rev. D. Bruice Macdonald, B.A. '95, M.A.; 
Rev. A. F Barr, B.A. '96; J. G. Merrick, B.A. '96; H. L. Jordan, B.A. 
'97; T. A. Russell, B.A. '99 ; G. G. Nasmith, B.A. '00 ; E. F. Burton, B.A. '01; 
E. J. Young, B.A. '02; C. C. Jan.es, B.A. '83, M.A.; D. R. Keys, B.A. '78; 
M.A. ; T.A. Haultain,B.A.'79, M.A. ; A.E. Hamilton, B.A. '02 ; S. B. Chadsey, '03 , 
J. R. L. Starr, B.A. '87; D. J. Gibb Wishart, B.A. '82, M.D.; P. W. 
H. McKeown, B.A. '87, M.D.; A. J. McKenzie, B.A. '96, M.B.; A. R. 
Gordon, ,M.B. '90; D. McGillivray, M.B. '97; F. A. Cleland, B.A. '98, 
M.B.; V. E. Henderson, B.A. '99, M.B.; J. McDougall,* B.A. '80; J. D. 
Shields, B.A. Sc. '94; A. F. Macallum, B.A. Sc. '93 ;~W. E. Willmott, 
D.D.S. '89; C. F. Heebner, Phm.B. '92; Mr. W. K. George; Professor 
J. Ballantyne; Rev. Father Teefy, B.A. '71, LL.D.; Professor H. J, 
Cody, B.A. '89, M.A. 90. 



ANNOUNCEMENT. 

Alumni of the University of Toronto, who are not already sub- 
scribers to the UNIVERSITY OF TORONTO MONTHLY or who have not paid 
their annual fee to the Alumni Association, should send one dollar to 
the Secretary at once. This will insure the receipt of all publications 
issued by the Association during the present year. The presence of the 
word " Paid " in red ink on the wrapper of this issue shows that the 
receiver's fee for the year ending with the present issue has been paid. 

UNIVERSITY OF TORONTO MONTHLY is published during the college year 
in nine monthly issues. The subscription price is ONE DOLLAR per year, 
single copies' FIFTEEN CENTS. All subscriptions are credited, October- 
June. 

All communications should be addressed to the Secretary of the 
University of Toronto Alumni Associate, Dean's House, University 
of Toronto. 



TOKONTONENSIA 



263 



TORONTONENSIA 



UNIVERSITY OP TORONTO 
MONTHLY. 

ADDRESS ALL COMMUNICATIONS FOB 
PUBLICATION TO THE SECRETARY, UNI- 
VERSITY OF TORONTO. 

Published monthly, October June. 
Subscription $1.00 a year, single copies 

15 cts. 

All subscriptions are credited, October- 
June. 

EDITORIAL COMMITTEE. 

I. H. CAMERON, M.B., Chairman. 

J. C. MCLENNAN, Ph.D., Secretary. 

L. E. EMBREE, M.A. ; J. MCGREGOR 
YOUNG, B.A. ; H. J. CODY, M.A. ; J. A. 
COOPER, B.A., LL.B.; C. C. JAMES, M.A.; 
OEO. WILKIE, B.A. ; J. M. CLARK, M.A., 
LL.B., K.C.; J. W. MALLON, B.A., LL.B.; 
Hox. S. C. BIGGS, B.A., K.C. 

THE UNIVERSITY OF TORONTO ALUMNI 

ASSOCIATION: LOCAL ORGANIZATIONS 

DIRECTORY. 

GENERAL ASSOCIATION. President, 
DR. R. A. REEVE, Toronto. Secretary, 
J. C. MCLENNAN, Ph. D., Dean's House, 
University of Toronto. 

ALGOMA, DISTRICT OF. President, 
REV. J. ALLAN, B.A., Sault Ste. Marie, 
Ont.; Secretary-Treasurer, LESLIE A. 
GREEN, B.A., Sault Ste. Marie, Ont. 

BRANT COUNTY. President, A. J. 
WILKES, LL.B., K.C., Brantford, Ont.; 
Secretary, M. J. KEANE, M.B., Brant- 
ford, Ont. 

BRITISH COLUMBIA. President, REV. 
R. WHITTINGTON, M.A., B.Sc., Vancou- 
ver, B.C. 

ELGIN COUNTY, ONT. President, REV. 
-CANON HILL, St. Thomas. Secretary, 
S. SILCOX, B.A., B. Paed., St. Thomas. 

GREY AND BRUCE. President, A. G. 
McKAY, B.A., Owen Sound, Ont. 
Secretary, W. D. FERRIS, M.B., Shallow 
Lake, Ont. 

HASTINGS COUNTY. President, LT.- 
COL. W. N. PONTON, M.A., Belleville. 
-Secretary, J. T. LUTON, B.A., Belleville. 



HURON COUNTY. President, WM. 
GUNN, M.D, Clinton, Ont. Secretary- 
Treasurer, CHAS. GARROW, B.A., LL.B., 
Goderich, Ont. 

KENT COUNTY President, D. S. 
PATERSON, B.A., Chatham, Ont. Sec- 
retary, Miss GRACE MCDONALD, B.A., 
Chatham, Ont. 

LENNOX AND ADDINGTON COUNTIES. 
President, H. M. DEROCHE, B.A., K.C., 
Napanee. Secretary-Treasurer, U. J. 
FLACK, M.A., Napanee. 

LINCOLN COUNTY. President, JOHN 
HENDERSON, M.A., St. Catharines. 
Secretary-Treasurer, G. B. BURSON, 
B.A., St. Catharines. 

MIDDLESEX COUNTY. President, TAL- 
BOT MACBETH, B.A., K.C., London. 
Secretary-Treasurer, F. E. PERRIN, B.A., 
London. 

OTTAWA. President, E. R. CAMERON, 
M.A., Ottawa. Secretary-Treasurer, H. 
A.BURBRIDGE, B.A., Ottawa. 

PERTH COUNTY, ONT. President, C. J. 
MCGREGOR, M.A., Stratford, Ont. 
Secretary-Treasurer, C. A. MAYBERRY, 
B.A., LL.B., Stratford, Ont. 

PETERBOROUGH COUNTY. President, 
E. B. EDWARDS, B.A., LL.B., K.C., 
Peterborough. Secretary-Treasurer, D. 
WALKER, B.A., Peterborough. 

PRINCE EDWARD COUNTY. President, 
M. CURRIE, B.A., M.B., Picton. Secre- 
tary-Treasurer, A. W. HENDRICK, B.A., 
Picton. 

SIMCOE COUNTY. President, DONALD 
Ross, B.A., LL.B., Barrie, Ont; 
Secretary-Treasurer, A. F. HUNTER, 
M.A., Barrie, Ont. 

VICTORIA COUNTY. President, J. C. 
HARSTONE, B.A., Lindsay, Ont. Secre- 
tary-Treasurer, Miss E. G. FLAVELLE, 
B.A., Lindsay, Ont. 

WATERLOO COUNTY. President, His 
HONOUR JUDGE CHISHOLM, Berlin, Ont. 
Secretary-Treasurer, REV. W. A. BRAD- 
LEY, B.A., Berlin, Ont. 

WELLINGTON COUNTY, ONT. Presi- 
dent, WM. TYTLER, B.A., Guelph, Ont. 
Secretary-Treasurer, R. L. McKiNNON, 
B.A., LL.B., Guelph, Ont. 

WENTWORTH COUNTY GRADUATES' 
ASSOCIATION. President, J. CHISHOLM, 
B.A., Hamilton, Ont. Secretary- 
Treasurer, J. T. CRAWFORD, B.A., Ham- 
ilton, Ont. 



264 



UNIVERSITY OF TORONTO MONTHLY 



Campus and Corridor. 

The Vice-Chancellor, the Honorable 
Mr. Justice Moss, entertained the can- 
didates for honorary degrees and a 
number of the chief executive officers 1 
of the University and others at lunch- 
eon in the University dining hall be- 
fore Convocation. About thirty 
guests sat down to a tastefully spread 
table, and a very pleasant hour was 
spent. 

The numerous dinners, suppers, etc., 
during Convocation week, which were 
served from tlie University dining 
hall, reflected great credit upon the 
stewardess. 

The Treasurer of Wycliffe College 
received a short time ago a cheque for 
$3,000 from Jas. P. Robertson, Esq , 
St. John, N.B., for the endowment of 
scholarships, which the College Coun- 
cil has decided to call after the name 
of the generous donor. 

The new Convocation Hall and Li- 
brary building for Wycliffe College is 
now well under way. The estimated 
cost is about $19,000, of which $17,500 
has been subscribed. 

The examinations in music in the 
University began on the 16th June. 
The active co-operation of a very 
large number of the teaching bodies 
in Ontario seems to promise a much 
greater number of candidates next 
year. 



Alumnae Association. 

To the women graduates one of the 
most interesting events during Convo- 
cation week was the reception of the 
Alumnae Association of University 
College for the women of the gradu- 
ating year, in the Faculty Union, 
Dean's House, Thursday, June 12t|h, 
to which the graduates residing in the 
city were also invited. The object of 
holding the reception was to bring 
the graduat/ing class and the alumnae 
together with a view to securing the 
interest of the former in the work of 
the Alumni Association. Owing to 
the illness of the president, Mrs. Jef- 
frey, the guests were received b^ 
the first vice-president, Mrs. Briggs, 
and Miss Salter. The large attfend- 
ance was a source of gratification to 
the committee. Amongst those pre- 
sent were Mrs. Bonner, '90; Mrs. Gour- 
lay, '88; Mrs. Pakenham, '92; Miss 



Hillock, '92; Miss Balmer, '86; Miss 
Hamilton, '94; Miss Hillock, '95; MISS 
McMichael, '97; Miss Lang, '00; Miss 
Hunter, '98; Miss Forbes, '97; Miss- 
Montgomery, '98; Miss Bell, '99; Miss 
Little, '99, and nearly all the mem- 
bers of the graduating class. 

Faculty Changes. 

W. J. Loudon, B.A., formerly Demon- 
strator in Physics in the University of 
Toronto, has been made Associate-Profes- 
sor of Physics. 

J. C. McLennan, B.A., Ph.D., formerly 
Demonstrator in Physics in the University 
of Toronto, has been made Associate-Pro- 
fessor of Physics. 

A. T. De Lurv, B.A., formerly Lecturer 
in Mathematics in the University of To- 
ronto, has been made Associate- Professor 
of Mathematics. 

The Royal Society. 

The recent meeting of the Royal So- 
cietjy of Canada in the University of 
Toronto was very successful. A fea- 
ture of the session, of peculiar interest 
to tjhe people of Toronto, was that 
many of the papers were presented by 
undergraduates of the University, and 
this was particularly the case in the 
Mathematical and Chemical section. 

On Tuesday evening, May 27th, the 
President, Dr. Loudon, delivered the 
Presidential address in the Chemical 
Building, on " The Universities in Re- 
lation to Research," after which" Mrs 1 . 
Loudon gave a reception to the fel- 
lows and delegates at her residence 
on St. George Street. 

Wednesday evening was the " Cana- 
dian Poets' Evening," when, in the- 
University main building, the poets, 
Rev. F. Geo. Scott, W. W. Campbell, 
Charles D. G. Roberts, and Mr. Dun- 
can C. Scott, favored a large and very 
appreciative audience with some of 
their most recent contributions to 
Canadian poetry. After this meeting. 
a reception by the President and 
Faculty of the University was held in 
the faculty Union. During Wed- 
nesday afternoon Dr. Coleman con- 
ducted a number of the Fellows of the 
Geological and Biological Sections to 
the Scarboro' Heights, and there 
showed tpiem some of the more im- 
portant interglacial deposits. The 
cliff formation at Scarboro', although 



TORONTONENSIA 



265 



known to but few residents of Toron- 
to, is among the most remarkable and 
interesting in the Dominion. 

On Thursday evening what is term- 
ed the Popular Science Lecture, and 
whiich is always an important feature 
of t[he Royal Society meetings, Was 
delivered by Dr. E. C. Jeffrey, " On 
the Forest Trees of Canada." The 
Fellows of the Society were unani- 
mous in voicing tfoeir apprecia- 
tion of this most instructive lecture, 
which indicated the thoroughness of 
Dr. Jetirey's investigations and his 
intimate knowledge of the subject. 

On Friday some fifteen or twenty 
members of the Royal Society, accom- 
panied by friends, visited Niagara 
Falls, and while there were the guestfc 
of the Canadian Niagara Power Com- 
pany. The works of tflie company, 
which are under construction, were 
visited, and the party were entertain- 
ed at lunicheon by the company. 

The works of the Niagara Falls 
Power Company were visited in %e 
afternoon. 

Class of '82 Reunion. 

The gathering of the Class of '82, in 
the dining hall of the old residence 
on the evening preceding Convocation, 
will prove in many respects a memor- 
able event. The class assembled in 
the Students' Union at 7.30, with their 
guests, Principal Huston and Profes- 
sors Baker and Ellis, and, after elect- 
ing Dr. Wishart as toast-master, pro- 
ceeded to the dining hall. The menu 
was simple, but t#ie viands were good 
and well served, and the meal was in 
startling contrast to some which 
various of the men present had eaten 
in the same room. 

The tpast list was a short one. 
The King; our Alma plater, Univer- 
sity College, proposed by J. M. Ciarke; 
the Residence, and Our Professors. 

Principal Hutton responded to the 
toast of " University College," in a 
speech full of reminiscences, all of 
which were pleasing, and yet some 
were in the minor key. He spoke of 
the poet of the class, some of the ab- 
sent faces, and the fact that a son of 
the late Mr. Vines was now farming 
in Nova Sicotia. The remaining 
toasts were responded to by Professor 
Baker and Dr. Ellis, just, as of yore. 

The chairman then proceeded with 



the roll-call " of the class, and the 
flowing answered to their names and 
sketched their view of life after twen- 
ty years away from college: J. Baird 
barrister, Toronto; v /. H. Blake' 
K.C., Toronto; J. M. Clarke, KC* 
Toronto; H. L. Dunn, barister To- 
ronto; W. T. Evans, barrister, Ham- 
ilton; Dr. W. J.Greig, Toronto; Major 
J. F. Gnerson, barrister, Oshawa; 
Major E. F. Gunther, barrister, To- 
ronto; Rev. R. Haddow, journalist 
Torontjo; Rev. J. Hamilton, Goderich; 
T. Hepburn, manufacturer, Preston; 
H. W. Mickle, barrister, Toronto- A 
McMurchy, barrister, Toronto; Sur- 
geon-Lieut. A. Y, Scott, Toronto ; 
Rev. T. Trotter, President Acadia 
University, Wolfville, N.S.; Rev. C. B. 
Wiltsie, Toledo, Ohio; Dr. Wishart 
Toronto, and H. Wissler, barrister' 
Blbra. 

As each name was called, in the 
wses of those absent, information was 
given .by the chairman as to their 
whereabouts and occupations, and 
letters were read from the' following: 
A. F. Ames, superintendent of pub- 
lic schools, Riverside, 111.; Rev. A. 
Blair, Nassagaweya; L. C. Corbett 
teacher, Sarnia; E. P. Davis, barrister 
(on dit, that E. P. has twice had the 
refusal of the Chief Justiceship of 
British Columbia); Rev. W. A. Dun- 
can, Sault Ste. Marie; W. Elliot, High 
School, Mitchell; C. T. Glass, agent, 
London; E. G. Grahame, barrister, 
Brampton; J. Grey, teacher, Kincar- 
dine; A. H. Gross, barrister, Chica- 
go; Rev. J. A. Jaffray, McLeod; Dr. 
W. J. Logie, Paris; Rev. D. McGilli- 
vray, Shanghai, China ; J. McGilli- 
vray, professor, Queen's University, 
Kingston; C. A. Mayberry, principal 
Collegiate Institute, Stratford ; Rev. A 
R. McDonald, Springfield ; Rev. E. 
McKmght, Peterborough ; Rev. W. H. 
Eowand, Fort William ; F. C. Wade, 
crown prosecutor, Dawson City ; H. J. 
Wright, barrister, Toronto. 

It is impossible to give 1 any account 
of the reminiscences that were called 
up, but not one name was forgotten, 
and the class lived over again the 
days of the ' Antigone," " K. Com- 
pany," and the " Kingston parade, ' 
" the Holmes, Henderson and Hunter 
trial," with its terrible list} of killed 
and wounded, and its newspaper con- 
troversies." " O'Meara as a recruit," 



266 



UNIVERSITY OF TOKONTO MONTHLY 



" Hayter and Second Year Mechan- 
ics," "how Davis lost his degree, vi- 
cariously suffering for another's sins/' 
"Fred Wade and Litoria," and other 
incidents too numerous to mention. 

Loud and unanimous were the la- 
mentations over the disappearance 
from the college walls of " old 
Grimes " and K. Com., and last^ but 
not least, the residence itself, and 
before the class separated this feel- 
ing crystallized itself into the follow- 
ing motion, which was unanimously 
agreed to:" The class of 1882 are of 
the opinion that the most pressing 
need in University affairs to-day is 
the erection of a well-equipped resi- 
dence for University College, and that 
this resolution be forwarded to all 
the proper authorities." 

The deaths of our college mates, F, 
A. Vines, in California; J. C. Elliott, 
in Mexico; W. F. W. Creelman, in the 
Philippines, and O. L. Schmidt, in On- 
tario, were feelingly mentioned. 

The gathering dispersed shortly 
after midnight, after singing Old 
Grimes and Litoria, and appointing a 
pommittee, consisting of Messrs. 
Wishart, Mickle and Blake, with 
power to add to its number, to ar- 
range if possible for another gather- 
ing in 1907, keep up correspondence 
with all the members, and give effect 
to the resolution above referred to, 
and enlist the support of the Univer- 
sity College men to their college. 
D. J. GIBB WISHAET. 

Glass of '92 Reunion. 

Ten years ago, on a Friday, the 10th 
of June, Convocation was held in the 
old Pavilion in Allan Gardens, and 
the Chancellor, then the Hon. Edward 
Blake, conferred the Bachelor's De- 
gree upon the members of the class of 
'92. -which celebrated its -'tin wpddine" on 
Thursday, June 12th, in the Dean's 
house (old residence). 

Distance and duties had prevented 
the coming of many of the former 
classmates, but from the absent came 
greetings. There were twenty-two who 
sat clown to supper, most of whom 
live in Toronto or in near-by towns. 
One, however, has his home in Me:, 
ico. 

The delightful privilege of unlim- 
ited " shop " and the disproportion ii 



numbers of men and women, com- 
bined with the odor of coffee to call 
up during supper visions of class re- 
ceptions. 

This important function being at an 
end, the party adjourned to another 
room, and proceeded to the " busi- 
ness " meeting. The old minute-book 
of the class society was brought out, 
and the minutes of the last meetina 
discussed. Such a space of time had 
intervened since the last meeting that 
the book seemed a relic of a bygone 
existence, and the minutes ancieiu 
history. No one venturing to dispute, 
the minutes were approved, and the 
society passed on to an attack upon 
the constitution a proceeding which, 
in fidelity to its traditions, '92 could 
not omit. Then followed the election 
of officers whose term of office may 
last ten years, or longer! President, 
F. J. Smale, Ph.D.; sec.-treasurer, J. 
S. Carstair* ; poet, Peter McArthur ; 
historians, Mrs. W. P. Firth and A. E. 
CoombP. 

After this there were speeches con- 
cerning the Convocation Hall project. 
The sum of $350 (already subscribed 
by the year) was, after a few minutes, 
increased to <*7ft5. 

A decennial reunion is naturally a 
time for reminiscence, a time, too, for 
telling of tjhings achieved in the inter- 
val of absence; and, indeed, there was 
much talk of this sort. But '92 has 
scarcely attained those years when 
age Jives again the scenes of youtfb, 
and youthful achievements are glori- 
fied in a long perspective. 



LAURA PAKENHAM. 



The Class of '97 in Medicine. 

The class of '97 in Medicine held 
their reunion dinner Thursday, June 
5th. The vice-president. Dr. J. H. 'El- 
liott, occupied the chair. A pleasant 
evening was spent, recalling incidents 
of University life and relating the 
experiences of the first five years in 
practice. Letters were read from al- 
most all the members of the class who 
were unable to be present. But onef 
death has occurred in the five years 
since graduation, that of Dr. J. J. C. 
Hume, who was president of the class 
association, a man highly esteemed 
and much beloved by all who knew 
him. 



TOKONTONENSIA 



267 



The following are the new officers 
of tjhe class: President, Dr. J. H. 
Elliott, Sanatorium, Gravenhurst; 
vice-president. Dr. J. S. Wright, Lit- 
tle Valley, N.Y.; second vice-president, 
Dr. W. L. Yeomans, Bucyrus, O.; sec- 
ret<ary-treasurer, Dr. H. A. Beatty, 
Simcoe St., Toronto; first assistant, 
Dr. D. McGillivray, Carlton St., To- 
ronto; second assistant, Dr. J. E. 
Lundy, Portage la Prairie, Man. 

The action of the class in reference 
to Convocation Hall scheme was left 
to tjhe committee. 

A booklet is being prepared, with 
items referring to the various move- 
ments of the members of the class 
during the past five years, which will 
also contain their present addresses, 
with a report of the speeches given 
at the dinner, and tjhe letters that 
were read. A full list of the present 
addresses of t(h.e members of the 
class follows: 

A. H. Addy, M.B., is in Binbrook, 
Ont; W. R. Alway, M.B., is in Ev- 
erett. Ont; W. H. K. Anderson, B.A. 
'93, M.B., is on the staff of the Quar- 
antine Office, Vancouver, B.C.; Geo. 
Balmer, M.B. '98, cor. John and Ade- 
laide Sts., Toronto, Ont.; H. A. Beat- 
ty, M.B., 207 Simcoe St., Toronto; J. 
F. Boyce, B.A., Calgary, N.W.T.; A. 
( M. Burgess, M.B. '99, Bala, Ont; Miss 
Katherin Brartehaw, M.B.. 34 Madi- 
son Ave., Toronto; G. I. Campbell, 
M.R., Gmnd Valley. Ont.: W. .T. Clark, 
M.B. '98, Orangeville, Ont.; W. E K. 
Coad, (M.B., Franklin, Man.; J. A. Cor- 
coran, Parkdale, Toronto; R. Culhert- 
son, M.B., Dauphin, Man.; J. A. Cum- 
mings, M.B., Bond Head, Ont.; \V. 
F. Cunningham, M.B., Seattle, Wash.; 
J. H. Elliott, M.B., Superintendent 
Sanatorium, Gravenhurst, Ont.; Wm. 
Elliott, M.B., Escanaba, Mich.; F. 
J. R. Forster, M.B., Caistorville, 
Ont.; J. M. H. Gillies, B.A. '93, M.B., 
Teeswater, Ont.; Jas. Grant, M.B., 
Victoria Road, Ont.; E. A. P. Hardy, 
Spadina Ave., Toronto, Ont.; Basil C. 
H. Harvey, B.A. '94, M.B. '98, Univer- 
sity of Chicago, Chicago, 111.; G. A. 
Hassard, M.B., Harrow, Ont.; Harry 
L. Heath, Ipswich, England; J. J. G. 
Hume, M.B. (Ob.),; G. H. Jackson, 
M.B., Union, Ont; J. E. Klotz, M.B., 
Espanola, New Mexico; J. E. Lundy, 
M.B., Portage i*. Prairie, Man.; G. H. 
Malcolmson. M.B., Pincher Creek, Al- 



ta.; R. J. Matthews, Corinda 
Iowa; W. F. Mayburry, B.A. '94 M B 
199 Rideau SI}., Ottawa, Ont.; J. A. 
Morgan, M.B., Bridgenortjh, Ont.; J. 
P. Morton, M.B., 148 James St. S., 
Hamilton, Ont.; J. H. Mullin, M.B, 
176 James St. N., Hamilton, Ont.; D.' 
McGillivray, M.B., 42 Carlton St., To- 



ronto; W. S. McKay, N.W.T. 
Mclnnes, M.B., Victoria, Ont. 
McKibbon, M.B., Loleta, Cal. 
(McLean, M.B., Chicago, 111. 



N. W. 
R. E. 
A. K. 
A. T. 



McNamara, M.B., Toronto Junction 
Ont. F. P. McNulty, M.B., Peterboro', 
Ont. R. Nichol, B.A. '94, M.B., Corn- 
wall Ont; W. T. Pallister, Bayfield, 
Ont. S. W. Radclifle, M.B., Moosejaw, 
Assa.; J. Reid, M.B. '99, St. George, 
Ont. G. Royice, B.A. '94, M.B., Ottawa, 
Ont. W. E. Struthers, M.B., Lanark, 
Ont. J. J. Waltjers, M.B. '99, New 
Hamburg, Ont; R. F. Webb, M.B., 49- 
50, The Gilbert,, Grand Rapids, Mich.; 
W. J. Wesley, M.B., Mount Albert, 
Ont; J. M. Wilson, M.B., 378 Victoria 
St., Toronto, Ont; J. S. Wright, M.B., 
Little Valley, N.Y.; W. L. Yeomans, 
M.B.. 130 S. Sandusky Ave., Bucyrus, 
Ohio; John McCrae, B.A. '94, M.B. '98, 
McGill University, Montreal, Que.; W. 
J. Ritchie, Wanin, Ohio. 

J. H. ELLIOTT. 
Class of 19O2, Arts. 

This year's graduating class in 
Arts met shortly before the examina- 
tions and formed a permanent class 
society with the two-fold object of pre- 
serving t}he class's identity and keep- 
ing up old associations, on the one 
hand, and of giving organized support 
to the University, on the other. Re- 
unions will be held at intervals the 
first in June. 1905 and a " 1902 Fund 
has been established for the purpose 
of endowing scholarships or otherwise 
assisting Alma Mater as the class 
may from time to time see fit. Np 
special object to which the first con- 
tributions to this fund shall be de- 
voted has yet been decided upon. The 
members of the class are being asked, 
however, to subscribe individually to 
the Convocation Hall Fund. The ex- 
ecutive committee for 1902-1905 is as 
follows: President, A. E. Hamilton ; 
first vice-president, W. H. Hamilton; 
second viice-president Miss F. H. 
Ross; secretary, H. T. Wallace; as- 
sistant secretary, Miss K. Smith; t/rea- 



26S 



UNIVERSITY OF TOEONTO MONTHLY 



surer, A. H. Rolph; historian, C. L. 
Wilson. Members are reminded that 
it is their duty to communicate with 
the secretary before the first of May 
each year, whether they have changed 
their addresses in the meantime or 
not. The secretary's permanent ad- 
dress will be University of Toronto, 
Toronto. 



Class of 1902, Medicine. 

According to time-honored custom, 
the members of the graduating class 
in Medicine held their annual banquet 
on tne evening preceding Convoca- 
tion. At the appointed hour almost 
tjhe entire graduating class had as- 
sembled, together with some of the 
rqcent graduates and a few un- 
dergraduates. The depression na- 
turally consequent upon the severe 
strain of too recent examinations 
seemed to have entirely given place to 
the desire of all to forget the 
past, disregard the future and enjoy 
the present. Needless to say, such 
desire was fulfilled to the utmost, and 
this year's graduates leave their 
Alma Mater wiijn the memory of a 
most pleasant evening of farewell. 

After justice had been done to th f 
menu provided, the remainder of the 
evening was spent in speeches and 
songs. In response to the toast list 
as presented by Chairman Dakin, some 
excellent speeches were made, show- 
ing that medical students may acquire 
during their course some knowledge 
of the art; of public speaking. The 
songs, as well as the speeches, were 
muich enjoyed, and all present agreed 
that one of the most pleasant events 
of their course was the graduating 
banquet. 



The Lacrosse Team. 

For several reasons the lacrosse sea- 
son which has just ended was more 
important than usual. In the first 
place the Varsity team played for, and 
won with comparative ease, the Inter- 
collegiate Championship of America ; 
and in the second place, the team suc- 
ceeded in defeating, for the first! time 
in about! seven years, their old rivals, 
the Crescents of Brooklyn. Several 
games were played in Canada before 
the tour proper commenced, of which 
Varsity won about half. On Wed- 



nesday, May 28th, Messrs. Marttfn 
(captain), MieKinnon, Kearns, Mc- 
Evoy, McHugh, O'Flynn, Gladney, 
Mclntyre, Leacy, McKay, Challies, 
and Wood, in charge of Manager G. 
F. McFarland, left for the trip to the 
United States. Hobart College was 
easily defeated the same afternoon, 
and on the following day the team 
continued the journey to New York. 
On Friday, May 31st, Decoration Day, 
Varsity met the Crescent Athletic 
Club, of Brooklyn, before a crowd of 
about tlhree thousand. The game 
was one of the finest exhibitions of 
our national game that had been 
seen in New York, and the Blue and 
White won a well-merited victory. 
Score, 7 6. On the following day the 
two teams met again, buti the strain of 
two games in succession was too much 
for the young Varsity players, and 
the Crescents were the victors. After 
enjoying the unfailing hospitality of 
the members of the Crescent Athletic 
Club for a couple of days, the team 
returned to Toronto. 

In the meantime, a game had been 
arranged between Johns Hopkins and 
the University of Toronto, to take 1 
place in Baltimore on June llth. The 
former university was generally ac- 
knowledged to have the strongest col- 
lege team in the United States, and 
the game was played to decide tha 
college championship of the continent. 
The, Varsitjy team left Toronto on 
Monday evening, June 9th, and ar- 
rived in Baltimore the following" 
afternoon, to find themselves the" 
" lions of the 1 hour." Advertised as 
" inter-collegiate champions of Can- 
ada, Great Britain, and Ireland," 
" the strongest team in all Canada." 
etc., etc.. it was little wonder if the 
wearers of the blue and white soon 
realized that the reputation of the 
whole British Empire was in their 
keeping. The game was played at 
the American League Baseball park, 
before an audience of some five thou- 
sand people. The Varsity team out- 
played and outstayed their southern 'op- 
ponents. The score at the end of the 
game stood at 6 2 in favor of Toronto. 

On Wednesday evening tlhe members 
of the Varsity team were the guests 
of the Johns Hopkins Club at a most 
enjoyable smoker. On Thursday 
morning the Canadians went to Wash- 



TOBONTOKENSIA 



269 



ingtjon, and spent the day visiting 
the points of interest in that beautiful 
city. The return journey was begiu^ 
on Thursday evening, and the team 
reached Toronto on Friday morning 
in time to attend Convocation. 



NEWS FROM THE CLASSES. 

The personal news is compiled^ from information 
furnished by the Secretary of the University of Toronto 
Alumni Association, and by the Secretaries of local 
organizations, and from other reliable sources. The 
value of this department might be greatly enhanced 
if University of Toronto men everywhere would con- 
tribute to it. The correction of any error will be 
gratefully receivtd by the Secretary of the Alumni 
Association 

Graduates in Arts, 188O. 

G. Acheson, B.A., M.B., '87, is a phy- 
sician in Gait, Ont. J. H. Balder- 
son, B.A., M.A., '89, is living in Perth, 

Ont. Rev. Jas. Ballantyne, B.A., is 

professor of Theology, Knox College, 

Toronto. 1. J. Birchard, B.A., M.A., 

'83, is teacher of Mathematics in 
Jameson Ave. Collegiate Institute, 

Toronto. Rev. Jas. Blatehford, B.A., 

is a [Methodist clergyman in Thames- 

ville, Ont. H. S. Brennan, B.A., is 

a lumber merchant in Hamilton, Ont. 

Rev. Jos. Builder, B.A., (Ob.) 

A. Carruthers, M.A., is a lecturer in 

University College, Toronto. Win. 

Cook, B.A., is a barrister, Freehold 

Loan Bldg., Toronto. Rev. C. H. 

Cooke, B.A., is a Presbyterian clergy- 
man at Smith's Falls, Ont. Rev. A. 

C. Courtice, B.A., is an editor living at 

80 Bedford Road, Toronto. A. B. 

Davidson, B.A., is school inspector in 

Newmarket, Ont. Rev. T. Davidson, 

M.A., is a Presbyterian clergyman in 

Mount Forest, Ont. J. L. Davison, 

B.A., M.D., C.M., is a physician at 20 

Charles St., Toronto. W. H. Doel, 

B.A., is an European exporter living 

at 372 College St., Toronto. F. J. 

Dolsen, B.A., M.B., (Ob.) J. M. 

Duncan, B.A., is a barrister in Allis- 

ton, Ont. H. A. Fairbank, B.A., 

(Ob.) John Ferguson, M.A., (M.D., 

is a physician, College St., Toronto. 

W. H. Fraser, M.A., is Professor 

of Italian and Spanish, University of 

Toronto. T. H. Gilmour, B.A., is a 

barrister in Winnipeg, Man. Rev. 

Dyson Hague, M.A., is assistant rector 
of St. George's Church, Montreal, Que. 

Rev. W. T. Herridge, B.A., Is a 

Presbyterian clergyman, Ottawa, Ont. 

W. H. Hunt, B.A., (Ob.) Geo. 

Inglis, B.A., is an editor at 4844 Pul- 



ask Ave., Germantown, Phil w T 

ameS V^' A " (0b G ' F - Lawson", 

B.A., (Ob.) W. J. London, B.A., is 

Associate-Professor of Physics, University 

of Toronto. A. S. Lown, B.A., is a 

barrister at Drayton, Ont. J M 

Lydgate, M.A., is living in the Sand- 
wich Islands. 1. N. Marshall, B.A 

is a barrister in Brockville, Ont - 

S. H. plight, B.A., is mail clerk at 

Moose Jaw, Assa. A. J. Moore, B.A. 

is a teacher in Goderich, Ont. Rev 

John Mutch, M.A., (Ob.) Rev R' 

H. Myers, B.A., is a Presbyterian 

clergyman in Emerado, Col. A. B. 

MacalJum, H. A., Ph.D., M. B., is' 
Professor of Physiology, Univer- 
sity of Toronto. E. A. Macdonald, 

B.A., is a merchant in Seattle. Jas 

McDougall, B.A., is a icivil engineer 
Court House, Adelaide St., Toronto. 

A. jMcGill, B.A., is an analyst in 

the Inland Revenue, Ottawa, Ont. 

C. F. McGillivray, M.A., M.B., is a 
physician in Whitby, Ont. W. Mac- 
lean, B.A., is editor of the "Toronto 

World," Toronto. W. F. Maclean, 

B.A., M.P.P., is editor of the "Toronto 
World," Toronto. Rev. D. M. Ram- 
say, B.A., is a Presbyterian clergyman 

in Ottawa, Ont. T. H. Redditt, B. 

A., is a teacher in Barrie, Ont. W. 

A. Shortt, M.A., is a barrister at 32 

Broadway, New York, N.Y. W. K. 

T. Smellie, B.A., is a teacher in Deser- 

onto, Ont. W. A. Stratton, B.A.. 

LL.B., is a barrister in Peterborough, 
Ont. Rev. J. Stuart, B.A., is a Pres- 
byterian clergyman in Monon, Ind. 

A Sutherland, B.A., is an hotel 

proprietor, 66 ( Main St., Buffalo, N.Y. 

Rev. R. Y. Thomson, M.A., (Ob.) 

J. B. Tyrrell, M.A., is a civil en- 
gineer in the Yukon, N.W.T. W. C. 

Widdifield, B.A., is a barrister in New- 
market, Ont. 

The address of the following is un- 
known. Peter MacTavish, B.A. 



Graduates of the School of Prac- 
tical Science, 1898. 

W. H. Boyd, B.A.Sc., is in the geo- 
logical survey department. Ottawa, 

Ont. W. E. H. Carter, B.A.Sc., is 

secretary of the Bureau of Mines, 

Toronto, Ont. E. H. Darling is 1 

with the Canadian Bridge Co.. Walk- 

erville, Ont. W. F. Grant, B.A.Sc., 

is with Willis Chipman. Esq., civil 
engineer, 103 Bay St., Toronto, Ont. 
T. S. Kormann, B.A.Sc., is assist- 
ant resident engineer for the G. T. 



270 



UNIVERSITY OF TORONTO MONTHLY 



Ry., Toronto, Ont. J. E. Lavrqck 

is with the Niagara Falls Power Co., 

Niagara Falls, N.Y. D. Mackintosh, 

(address unknown). F. W. Mc- 

Naughton, O.L.S., is town engineer of 

Cornwall, Ont. J. H. Shaw, O.L.S., 

is a surveyor in Pembroke, Ont. 

A. E. Shipley, B.A.Sc., is with the 
United Coke and Gas Co., 277 Broad- 
way, New York, N.Y. F. C. Small- 
piece is Fellow in Electrical Engin- 
eering School of Practical Science, 

Toronto. R. W. Smith, P.L.S.. is a 

surveyor in Rossland. B.C. J. A. 

Stewart, M.A., is with the McClintick- 
Marshall Construction Co., Pittsburg. 
Pa. H. L. Vercoe is on the engin- 
eering staff of the Manitoba and 
Northern Ry.. Swan River, Man. 
T. A. Wilkinson is on the staff of the 
Niagara Falls Power Co., Niagara 

Falls, N.Y. D. A. Williamson, B.A. 

Sc., is on the staff of the iMJeClintick- 
Marshall Construction Co., Pittsburg, 
Pa. 



Personals. 

Every alumnus of the University of Toronto is in- 
cited to pend to the Editor items of interest for 
insertion in this department News of a personal 
nature about any alumnus will be gladly received. 

W. D. Young, B.A, '97, is living in 
Toronto. 

R. R. Bradley, B.A. '97, is living in 
Ottawa, Ont v 

Rev. R. Martin, B.A., is living in 
Hamilton, Ont 

A. W. Smith, B.A., '98, Kemptville, 
Ont., is dead. 

T. B. Benyon, B.A. '80, of Virden, 
Man., is dead. 

Rev. Wm. Dewar, B.A. '86, is now 
In Whitewater, Man. 

G. E. Buchanan, B.A. '97, is living 
in Copper Cliff, Ont. 

E. N. Coutts, M.B., '00, is living in 
Manchester, England. 

R. Y. Parry, B.A. '96, M.B. '00, has 
gone to South Africa. 

C. C. Tatham, M.B. '00, is a physi- 
cian in Pinkerton, Ont. 

Jno. M. Rains, M.D. '70, is a physi- 
cian in Willmar, Minn. 

R. B. Thomson, B.A. '99, is living 
at 34 Henry St., Toronto. 

Rev. A. L. Burch, B.A. '99, has re- 
moved to Winnipeg, Man. 



Rev. George Gerrie, B.A., '92, is liv- 
ing in Claremont, Minn. 

C. G. Cowan, B.A., '99, is living at 
198 Albert St., Ottawa, Ont. 

G. W. McColl, B.A., '88, has removed 
from Oshawa to Odessa, Ont. 

J. F. Dawson, M.B., '88, has removed 
to 490 Spadina Ave., Toronto. 

J. A. Jackson, B.A., '97, has removed 
from Toronto, to Blyth, .Ont. 

W. C. Chafee, M.D., '84, has removed 
to 614 Spadina Ave., Toronto. 

Miss A. T. Dunn, B.A. '99, is living 
at 369 Wilton Ave., Toronto. 

J. S. Thome, M.B. '96, is practising 
medicine in Bobcaygeon, Ont. 

A. W. Anderson, B.A. '98, M.B., is 
living in Sault Ste. Marie, Ont. 

Rev. J. Burnett, B.A., '92, is Presby- 
terian minister at Rosseau, Ont. 

Rev. J. W. Graham, B.A., '92, is liv- 
ing at 205 Mance St., Montreal, 

S. E. Charlton, M.B. '00, is practis- 
ing mediicine in Hespeler, Ont. 

H. LeGear Collins, M.B. '00', is prac- 
tising medicine in Kinloss, Ont. 

J. H. Purdy, D.D.S. '01, has removed 
from Colborne tto Cobourg, Ont. 

G. F. Colling, B.A. '97, has removed 
from Caledonia to Seaforth, Ont. 

J. Jordan, M.B., '00, is on the staff 
of the General Hospital, Toronto. 

W. G. Lumley M.D. '70, has removed 
to 100 Lincoln Ave., Detroit, Mich. 

W. F. Hansford, B.A. '98, has re- 
moved from Toronto to Nelson, B.C. 

W. B. Scott, B.A. '97, has removed 
from Gore Bay tfD Little Current, Ont. 

G. B. Kenwood, B.A. '96, has re- 
mo ved\ from Colborne to Port Hope. 
Ont. 

Miss E. W. Gould, B.A. '99, has re- 
moved from Colborne to Waterford, 
Ont. 

C. A. Campbell, B.A. '97, M.B. '00, 
is practising medicine in Copper Cliff, 
Ont. 

Rev. J. C. Smith, B.A. '95, has re- 
moved from Rathburn to Uptergrove, 
Ont. 

H. Ditftrick, M.B., '00, is on the staff 
of the Lakeside Hospital, Cleveland, 
Ohio. 

A. C. Hendrick, B.A. '97, M.B. '00, 
is a physician on College St., To- 
ronto. 



TORONTONENSIA 



271 



Rev. J. M. Baldwin, B.A. '86, has re- 
moved from Toronto to Toyohoshi, 
Japan. 

J. H. Trout, B.A. '97, M.B. '00, is 
on the staff of the General Hospital, 
Toronto. 

Geo. A. Elliott, M.B. '96, is practis- 
ing medicine at 92 Crystal St., Chi- 
cago, 111. 

J. W. McBean, B.A. '00, is principal 
of the manual training school, Brant- 
ford, Ont. 

Mrs. J. G. Stanbury (Miss M. O. 
Eastwood), B.A. '97, is living in Ex- 
eter, Ont. i 

A. E. Wickens, B.A. '95, M.D., is 
a physician at 136 James St. S., Ham- 
ilton, Ont. 

R. D. Coutfts, B.A. '94, formerly of 
Harriston, is now teaching in George- 
town, Ont. 

Rev. N. A. McDonald, B.A. '95, has 
removed from Cedarville to Lorne- 
ville, Ont. 

Mrs. W. T. Allison (Miss A. J. C. 
Dawson), B.A. '98, M.A. '00, is living 
in Toronto. 

Dr. C. W. McLeay, B.A. '95, former- 
ly of Watford, is now practising in 
London, Ont. 

J. McCool, B.A. '95, M.A. '98, is a 
teacher in the collegiate institute, 
London, Ontl 

Rev. Wm. G. Clarke, B.A. '95, has 
removed from Colborne,, Ont., to Hon- 
eoye Falls, N.Y. 

Miss M. H. Sutherland, B.A. J 95, has 
removed from Church St. to Bloor 
St. W., Toronto. 

O. J. Brown, B.A. '73, M.A. '77, has 
removed from Hamilton, Ont., to 
Woodbury, Tenn. 

,V. H. McWilliams, M.B. '00, is on 
the staff of the Asylum for tjhe In- 
sane, Orillia, Ont. 

Geo. R. Pirie, M.B. '01, is on the 
staff of the St. John's Riverside Hos- 
pitial, Yonkers, N.Y. 

Rev. D. A. Powlie, B.A. '95, has' re- 
moved from Davisburg, N.W.T., to a 
charge in Erin, Ont. 

Miss K. Bradshaw, M.B. '97, nas 
removed from Spadina Ave. to 34 
Madison Ave., Toronto. 

J. H. Elliott, M.B. '97, is superinten- 
dent! of the Muskoka Cottage Sana- 
torium, Gravenhurst, Ont. 



F. A. Cleland, B.A. '98, M.B. '01, 
is at present on the staff of the Em- 
ergency Hospital, Toronto. 

Mrs. L. H. Tasker (Miss H. B. 
Mills), B.A. '97, M.A. '99, has removed 
from Almonte, Ont., to New York. 

Miss E. M. Perrin, B.A. '96, who 
has been teaching in Lindsay, Ont , 
has removed to Edmonton, N.W.T. 

Miss E. Graice Swanzey, B.A. '98, 
has removed from Regina, Assa., to 
Pickering College, Pickering, Ont. 

C. Chaisgreen, B.A. '95, is a clerk in 
the San Antonio office of the San An- 
tonio & Avansas Pass Railway, Texas. 

J. S. McLean, B.A. '96, has removed 
from Port/ Hope, and is now on the 
staff of the Wm. Davies Co., Toronto, 
Ont. 

J. F. Howard, B.A. '91, has lately 
been on tfae staff of the West Texas- 
Military Academy, San Antonio, 
Texas. 

A. H. Smith, B.A. '87, having left 
the 1 teaching profession, is now pub- 
lisher of " The Spectator," in Mooso- 
min, N.W.T. 

Rev. Lawrence E. Skey, B.A. '88,. 
M.A. '91, Merritton, Ont, has been, 
elected to the rectorship of St. Anne's 
Church, Toronto. 

V. E. Henderson, B.A. '99, M.A. '02, 
M.B. '02, has been appointed fellow in 
Physiology in the University of Pennsyl- 
vania, Philadelphia. 

Rev. C. J. James, B.A. '81, M.A. 
'95, of Hamilton, Ont., has been elect- 
ed to the rectorship of the Church of 
the Redeemer, Toront^. 

J. Montgomery, B.A. '95, formerly of 
the firm of Symons & Montgomery, is 
now with Messrs. McPherson, Clark, 
Campbell & Jarvis, Barristers, Toronto. 

Rev. David Junor, B.A. '66, M.A. 
'69, formerly of Berlin, Wis'., has re- 
moved to the Manse Huguenot, Bor- 
ough of Richmond, New York. 

At the recent elections' in the North- 
West' Territories, Wm. Elliott, M.B. 
'93, was elected for the Wolseley Dis- 
trict, Assa., by a very large majority 

D. McGillivray, M.B. '97, is a De- 
monstrator in Anatomy in the Uni- 
versit|y of Toronto Medical Faculty, 
and is living at 42 Carlton St., To- 
ronto. 



272 



UNIVERSITY OF TORONTO MONTHLY 



Wm. Prendergast, B.A. '88, inspec- 
tor of Roman Catholic Separate 
Schools for Toronto, has removed 
from 43 Rowland ave. to 121 Empress 
Crescent, Toronto. 

H. Rushtym Fairclough, B.A '83, 
M.A. '85, Ph.D. (Johns Hopkins), pro- 
fessor of Classical Literature in Stan- 
ford University, has been appointed 
head of the Latin Department in that 
University. 

Wycliffe College is being congratu- 
lated on the winning of the John Mac- 
donald scholarship in Philosophy by 
G. F. B. Doherty, B.A., and the S. B. 
Sinclair prize in Philosophy by E. A. 
Mclntyre, B.A. 

W. J. Abbott, B.A. '97, M.B. '01, and 
B. A. Cohoe, B.A. '98, M.B. '01, who 
have been assistants in Anatomy in 
Cornell University Medical School, 
have been appointed instructors in 
Anatomy, and will remain in Ithaca 
for another year. 

The following graduates of the Uni- 
versity, having passed the necessary 
examinations and having conformed 
to the by-laws, have been admitted 
members of the Royal College of Sur- 
geons of England: G. W. Rowland, 
B.A. '97, M.B. '00, and E. A. Jones, 
M.B. 99. 

J. H. Cornyn, B.A. '93, is at present 
visiting a number of the colleges in 
the Northern States and Canada. Mr. 
Cornyn is director of the Mexico ^-ty 
Grammar School and High School; he 
is also editor and part proprietor of 
" La Tierra De Mexico," which is pub- 
lished in Spanish. 

A. Harp Montgomery, B.A. '98, M.B. 
'01, who has been assistant in Ana- 
tomy in Cornell University Medical 
School, Ithaca, N.Y., has been ap- 
pointed to a similar position in the 
senior branch of the same school in 
New York. He will also open an of- 
fice and practice in New York. 



W. Graham Brown, B.A. '98, who 
was on the staff of the Bank of Com- 
merce while taking his course in Po- 
litical Science at the University, and 
has recently been in the New York 
office of the bank, has been appointed 
manager of the Montreal branch of 
the new Sovereign Bank of Canada. 



Marriages. , 

Gardiner-Whitfield W. J. Gardiner, 
B.A. '81, hardware merchant, Mill- 
brook, Ont., was married recently to 
Miss M. Whitfield, of that village. 

Gilmour-Turner In Hamiton, Ontl, 
June 4th, W. A. Gilmour, B.A. '94, 
LL.B. '95, barrister-at-law, of Osgoode 
Hall, Toronto, and Victoria, B.C., was 
married to ,Miss Agnes Turner, of 
Hamilton. 

Lingelbach-Lane At Bainbridge, 
Indiana, on May 31st, W. B. Linarel 
bach, B.A. '94, was married to Miss 
Anna Lane. 

Roper-Fiske At Coaticooke, Que., 
on June 18th, W. P. Roper, formerly 
of the class of '98, S.P.S., was mar- 
ried to Miss Nina Beatrice Fiske, 
Coaticooke. 

Shepard-Reynar A. A. Shepard, B. 
A. '94, M.B. '98, of Sault Ste. Marie, 
Ont., was married on June 3rd to Miss 
Fanny E. Reynar, daughter of Pro- 
fessor A. H. Reynar, of Victoria Uni- 
versity. 



Present day conditions in business ren 
der modern appliances essential to success* 
The manufacturer could not hope to suc- 
ceed unless he availed himself of the latest 
devices in his department of production. 
Many people, however, fail to recognize 
that labour may be saved in an office and 
business made more profitable by the em- 
ployment of the various filing, cataloguing 
and storing devices which are now to be 
seen in the offices of the most progressive 
business men. 



THE CARSWELL COMPANY, LIMITED, PRINTERS 



BINDING SECT. AUG 1 9 1981 




LE University of Toronto monthly 

3 

T66U57 
v.2 
cop. 2 



y 



PLEASE DO NOT REMOVE 
CARDS OR SLIPS FROM THIS POCKET 

UNIVERSITY OF TORONTO LIBRARY