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To IS/ly Fellow V/or\ers in the Endowment 
Fund Campaign 


(7^ O you of the Campaign Organization 
y^ who so effectively, loyally and unsel^ 
fishly have given and are giving of 
your time,' of your energy and of your sub- 
stance to ma\e a' great and worthy effort a 
success, 1 extend my gratitude and ivarmest 

^ In to}{en of these sensibilities I as}{ you 
to accept this small souvenir. 



General Campaign Committee 

The Unwersity of Western Ontario 

Endowment Fund Campaign 

April l6th, 192S. 

The University of V/estern Ontario 


1 878 endowment fund ] 928 



Their Excellenxies, The \'iscou.nt and 
The \'iscountess Willingdox 


The Hon. G. Howard p-ERr.usoN, 

Prime Minister and Minister of Education 

of the Province of Ontario 

Hon. Lincoln Goldie, Provincial 

Rt. Rev. David Wili.i.ams, Lord Bishop 
of Huron 

Rev. S. F. O'Kell. D.D., :Moderator. 
London Presbytery 

His Honour T. C. Sutherland, Surrogate 
Judge, Owen Sound 

Dr. J. C. Wilson, M.L.A., London 
Rev. Mother M. Immaculate, B..\., 

Dean, Ursuline College, London 
Rev. Charles Cameron Waller. D.D., 

Principal, Huron College, London 
Edmond G. Odette, M.P., Tilbury 
Paul Poisson, M.D., M.L..V., Tecumseh 
W. S. Haney, M.L.A., Sarnia 
M. F. Hepburn, M.P., St. Thomas 
Brig. -General C. J. Armstrong, C.B., 

C.M.G., V.D., Officer Commanding 

M.D. No. 1 
Rev. W. H. Langton, D.D., First Baptist 

Church, Brantford 
C. S. Robertson, M.L.A., Goderich 
Robert E. Ryerson, M.P., Brantford 
W. G. Medd, M.L.-A., Exeter 
His Worship George A. Wenige, Mayor, 

City of London 

Hon. J. D. Monteith, M.D., CM., Pro 

vincial Treasurer 
Rt. Rev. M. F. Fallon, D.D., Bishop 

of London 
Senator E. S. Little, London 
Rev. Robert Hicks, D.D., President of 

tlie London Conference 
His Honour E. J. He.\rn, Surrogate 

Judge, Kitchener 
John S. Martin, M.L.A., Port Dover 
Very Rev. D. L. Dillon, B.A., Principal. 

Assumption College, Windsor 
Rev. Perry S. Dobson, D.D., Principal- 

.Alma College, St. Thomas 
Jas. W. Rutherford, M.P., Chatham 
Charles G. Fletcher, M.L..A.. Leam- 
Karl K. Homuth. M.L.A., Preston 
Alfred Comfort, Warden. Middlesex 

J. Percy Moore, K.C, M.L..\., London 
Rev. a. O. Potter, Ph.D., Dean, Waterloo 

J. I'". White, M.P., London 
J. F. Reid, M.L.A.. Windsor 
His Worship William Stokes, Mayor, St. 

George Spotton, M.P., Wingham 




Chancellor President and Vice-Chancellor. 

Chairman Board of Governors 








HoNOURARY Chairman Honourary Treasurer 



Honourary Vice-Chairmen 


Vice-Chairman General Campaign Chairman Vice-Chairman 



Chairman Chairman 



Chairman Vice-Chairman 




Chairman Chairman 



A. McPHERSON, Chairman GEO. C. GUNN, Chairman E. V. BUCHANAN, Chairm.\n 


JOHN J. McHALE, Ch.mrman W. R. GRANT, Chairman LT.-COL. G. W. LITTLE, 

M.V.O., M.C., Chairm\n 



Chairman Chairman Chairman 


133 DuNDAS Street, London 


Campaign Director 


Publicity Manager Secretary 



Crouch, R. E. 
Curie, D. H. 
Curran, F. H. 
Currie, Harold 
Currie, R. J. 
Dampier, L. H. 
Darragh, R. 
Davidson, \V. 
Davis, Geo. H. 
Davis, L. 
Dearij Harold 
Dearie, Prof. R. C. 
Detwiler, Dr. E. S. 
Diamond, \'erne 

Adams, G. M. 
Allan, T. P. 
Ambrose, W. J. 
.Ameio, S. 
.\mos, Oliver 
Anderson, J. A. 
.\nderson, W. J. 
Atkins, C. J. 
.Auden, Prof. H. \\ . 
.A.ylsworth, Morley 
Bainard, F. D. 
Baker, Dr. F. I-. 
Baker, S. 
Baldwin, W. 
Barager, W. L. 
Barr, John 
Barrett, Fred 
Bartlett, W. T. 
Bassett, Prof. M. K. 
Baalch, B. L. 
Beal, H. B. 
Beaton, W. 

Beattie, Miss Elizabeth 
Beattie, Colonel Wm. 
Bell, H. T. 
Bell, James 
Bending, W. C. 
Bennett, H. J. 
Benson, T. C. 
Blackie, \V. J. 
Blackmore, W. P. 
Blake, R. J. 
Brickenden, G. A. 
Bridgeman, Gordon 
Brine, C. E. 
Brock, Milton 
Brown, Dr. Claude 
Brown, Ethol 
Brown, Colonel Walter J 
Buchanan, E. V. 
Buchanan, J. A. 
Buchner, U. A. 
Burke, Miss Mar 
Burnett, Eula 
Burns, R. M. 
Burrows, Gertrude L. 
Cairncross, A. Roy 
Calvert, D. W. 
Cameron, J. H. 
Cameron, K. B. 
Campbell, Bryden N. 
Carling, Col. J. Innes 
Carrothers, C. C. 
Casselman, K. W. 
Chalk, Dr. S. G. 
Chapman, Rev. J. F. 
Chapman, J. H. 
Childs, Herbert J. 
Childs, H. H. 
Clarke, C. J. 
Coates, Frederick H. 
Coates, Robert, Jr. 
Coates, R. D. 
Comfort, .•\lfred 
Connor, W. J. 
Copeland, Geo. F. 
Cottrell, J. 
Cottrell, Ronald 
Cousins. John 
Cowley, T. W,, B.A. 
Crane, Dr. J. W. 
Cronvn, Major Hume 
Cronyn, V. P. 
Crozier, H. Gordon 

Dicks, Geo. 
Dixon, J. Sinclair 
Doan, Dr. Warren 
Doig, Paul 
Donaghy, R. J. 
Donohue, Martin J. 
Dorland, Prof. A. G. 
Douglas, George 
Dowler, R. H. 
Dromgole, E. R. 
Duplan, Harold 
Dyer, J. J. 
Eadie, O. 
Edens, Frank A. 
Edwards, G. N. 
Edy, C. L. 
Farley, M. W. 
Ferguson, Dr. John 
Ferguson, Archie 
Finney, C. B. 
Fisher, Giant 
Fitzgerald, C. J. S. 
Ford, Arthur R. 
F~orristal, M. F. 
Foucar, Dr. H. O. 
Fowler, R. G. 
Fox, Miss Emma 
Febres', Isabel A. 
Fox, W. Sherwood, Ph.D. 
Franks, H. R.^ 
Freeborn, J. \y. 
Freeman, Prof. R. E. 
French, Colin N. 
Fuller. Dr. E. W. 
Fuller, W. J. 
Gairns, E. W. 
Galpin, F. H. 
Gartshore, Col. W. M. 
Geoghegan, E. L. 
Gidley, Miss Mary 
Gidley, O. H. 
Giffin, Dr. J. F. 
Gillanders, J. G. 
Gillies, L. H. 
Givens, J. V. 
Gladman, F. W. 
Gladman, M. F. 
Glass, Aid. D. F. 
Goldman, Max. 
Goldenberg, W. 
Good, Jas. D. 
Gordon, W. C. 
Grafstein, M. W. 
Graham, T. S. H. 
Grant, Dr. A. J. 
Grant, W. R. 
Gray, Leslie 
Gray, Frank 
Green, W. 

Greenslade, A. W. 
Grierson, John H. 
Griffin, G. L. 
Gunn, Geo. C. 
Gunton, Prof. J. 
Hair, Geo. T. 
Hall, Carl H. 
Hall, E. O. 
Halls, Fred 
Hamlyn, F. J. 
Hammond, Keith 
Hannah, E. X. 
Hare, P. 
Harley, F. E. 
Harlev, G°o. 
Harley, R. H. 
Harris, S. C. 
Harrison, J. E. 
Hart, Prof. N. C. 
Hartry, Howard 

Hawkins, Edwin 

Hawkins, W. H. 

Hay, J. B. 

Hayden, Edmund E. 

Henry, C. 

Hess, F. E. 

Hickey, Jos. F. 

Hill. Clarence 

Hind, R. 

Hobart, G. M . 

Hockin, Lloyd 

Holmes, Wendfll 

Hooper, H. R 

Houghtbv. C. .\. 

Howe, A. W. 

Howell, Wm. 

Hungerford, W. F. 

Hunt, Clifford 

Hunt, E. S. 

Hunt, J. M. 

Hunter, John 

Hunter, Rev. Major B. 

Ingram, Major Gordon J. 

Ingram, Kenneth 

Irvine. A. C. 

Irving, H. B. 

Ivey, R. G. 

Jackson, Victor 

Jarrott, G. C. 

Jenkins, Ed. 

Johnson, .Al 

Johnson, Gordon H. 

Johnson, W^ C. 

Johnston, J. E. 

Jones, J. A. 

Jones, Norval 

Jones, S. 

Keene, N. H. 

Keenlevside, G. S. 

Kelly, Rev. J. C. 

Kennedy, Dr. S. M. 

Kenny, Roy T. 

Kershaw, B. H. 

Kilbourne, F. B. 

Kingston, Prof. R. H. 

Kippen, Lt.-Col. W. H. 

Landon, Prof. Fred 

Lang, J. G. 

Langford, Harry 

Laughton, John H. 
Laurie, N. M. 
Lawless, Lt.-Col. W. T. 
Lawson, Ray 

Lawson, Ruth 
LeBoldus, J. M. 
Lt-rner, Max 
Lewis, K. \V. D. 
Litnon, D. Archie 
Linton, E. B. 
Little, Artlmr T. 
Little, Senator K. S. 
Little, Lt.-Col. Geo. W. 
Little, Dr. H. 
Logan, Everett 
LoughUn, Dr E. I. 
Loveday, Wm. 
Lovell, Stanley 
Lumsden, Wm. 
Luney, Dr. Fred 
Macallum, Dr. .A.. Bruce 
MacGregor, Rev. D. C. 
MacKnight, R. C. 
MacMillan, Jas. 
McAlister, Fred 
McConnell, J. E. 
McCormick, C. G. 
McDermid, Duncan H. 
McDonald, T. C. 
McDonald, j. V. 
McDougall, Allan 
McFadden, Dr. H. M. 
McGoun, C. M. 
McGugan, D. S. 
McHaffie, D. S. 
McHale, J. J. 
McHardy-Smith, F. A. 
Mcintosh, Rev. W. R. 
McKay, R. J. 
McKegney, Rev. S. E. 
McKenzie, Jas. 
McKone, E. H. 
McLachlin, F. D. 
McLean, Frank 
McLeish, A. 
McNaughton, D. C. 
McNeill, Dr. George 
McPherson, A. 
McPherson, .'VUan 
McRoberts, C. W. 
McWilliams, W. A. 
Mabee, O. H. 
Magee, G. R. 
Magee, J. E. 
Magee, Russell 
Maine, Prof. Floyd 
Maine, J. F. 
Mainguy, P. N. 
Mann, C. A. 
Mandus, P. P. 
Mannesp, W. E. 
Manuel, C. S. 
Marley, Ed. 
Marshall, F. 
Martin, Chas. 
May, ('larence 
Mellett, Walter 
Messer, W. M. 
Miller, E. A. 
Miller, Prof. F. R. 
Miller, Miss Olga 
Mitchell, W. A. 
Moore, John M. 
Moore, J. Percv, K.C., 

Moore, John S. 
Morgan, W. H. 

Morris, D. P. 
Morrison, A. A. 
.Morrison, Alex. 
Morrison, J. A. 
Morrison, R. S. 
Morrow, Prof. E. H. 
Morrow, Frank C. 
Mountain, H. E. 
Murphy, Albert H. 
Murphy, Col. T. J. 
Murray, K. D. 
Murray . W. G. 
Nash, John A. 
Near, Percv 
Nelles, E. H. 
Nethercott, T. P. S. 
Neville, K. P. R., Ph.D. 
Nicholls, C. W. 
Nugent, Harold 
Omond, A. J. 
Orr, Robert T. 
Parnell, Ed. 
Parsons, Herbert 
Parsons, W. F. 
Pearson, Rev. E. .A. 
Pearson, G. F. 
Peirce, E. L. 
Pemberton, R. E. K. 
Perrin, F. E. 
Petrie, H. L. 
Pocock, Philip, Jr. 
Pocock, Philip 
Pocock, Jos. 
Pratten, Dr. F. H. 
Pringle, John 
Purdom, W. W. 
Ramsay, Dr. George 
Ranahan, Harry 
Raymond, Stanley 
Reid, Dr. A. J. 
Reid, Art 
Reid, B. E. 
Reid, E. E. 
Reid, Col. E. G. 
Reid, Gordon 
Reilly, Prof. E. E. 
Reilly, Lloyd 
Rennie, H. H. 
Revcraft, Richard 
Richardson, W. B. 
Richter, J. G. 
Rickard, Ruth 
Robinson, W. E. 
Robinson, B. C. 
Roche, Gordon 
Rose, C. .\. 
Ross, William 
Rossie, U. W. 
Routlev, F. 
Russell, Prof. J .W. 
Ryckman, .Alton 
Savage, H. L. 
Scandrett, L. H. 
Scott, Dr. .Andrew 
Scott, B. S. 
Seybold, J. C. 
Sharpe, J. E. 
Shaw, Ernest A. 
Shaw. S. Jas. 
Shuttleworth, E. H. 
Silver wood, .A. E. 
Simpson, W. P. 
Sippi, A. S. 

Slack, Dr. A. J. 
Smith, A. J. 
Smith, J. Bernie 
Smith, Edwin S. 
Smitli, F. L. 
Smith, Fletcher 
Smith, Harold I. 
Smith, W. K. V. 
Somer\'ille, C. R., LL.D. 
Spearman, W. H. 
Spenceley. Prof. James A. 
Spencer, J. C. 
Spittal, Herbert 
Spry, G. Lome 
Squire, W. J. 
Stalford. S.. Jr. 
Stanley, Geo. A. 
Stevens, H. A. 
Stewart, C. N. 
Stratton, R. L. 
Stuart, John 
Sykes, Dr. H. R. 
Taylor, A. G. 
Tennent, G. H. 
Tew, Dr. W. P. 
Thomas, Cyril 
Thompson. W. .\. 
Thorpe, W. E. 
Torney, Wm. A. 
Tretheway, R. ]. 
Turnbull, P. 
Turnbull, Wm. 
Turner, A. E. 
Turner, Miss M. C. 
Turville, Dr. Dorothy 
Udy, A. N. 
Lfren, Rev. H. J. 
Walker, Fred J. 
Wallace, Rev. T. G. 
Ward. A. L. 
Warner, Rev. G. Q. 
Watson, L. 
Watt, Jack 
Watt, Robert 
Watterworth, Isaac 
Weldon, Douglas B. 
Wells. Carlton 
Wcnige, Mayor Geo. .\. 
Wesley, George 
West, R. C. 
Wheable. G. F. 
White, Arthur W. 
Wilde, H. 
Wilkes, .Arthur 
Will, C. R. 
Williams, Dr. Hadlev 
Wilson, D. T. 
Wilson, Robert 
Wilson, W. M. 
Windsor, Dr. Clement 
Winegarden, J. F. 
Weinstock. J. 
Wolfe, D. 
Wrav, H. 
Wright. Geo. E. 
Wright, Dr. J. .\. 
Wright, R. 
Wyatt, G. K. 
Wvatt, Wm. S. 
Vendall, W. R. 
Young, W. E. 
Vull, Cieorge 
Vull. T. H. 

Knowledge is Power ! 

For the Information of Speakers, Canvassers and All 
Others Interested and Co'Operatinginthe Caynpaign 

^. Is education an asset? 

A. Education is the most valuable form of reserve wealth a people can 
have. To quote an outstanding authority: "Upon the extent to which a 
country develops and uses the innate abilities of its citizens, its future prosperity 
and permanence depend." 

^. What sort of education leads to tlie highest form of cmzenship and to 
the greatest degree of usefulness? 

A. University education. The demands of public service, and of science 
and industry, for university'trained men and wom;n is today greater by far 
than ever before in the history ot civilization. 

^. Economically and culturally, how does Western Ontario compare with 
other communities? 

A. Western Ontario is one of the most prosperous and most enlightened 
communities in the world today. 

^. In what respect does Western Ontario rank, high economically? 
A. In respect of its enormous agricultural wealth and its great and grow- 
ing industrial development. 
^. Culturally? 

A. Largely because of the development of its school system, for one-third 
of the Collegiate Institutes, High Schools, and Continuation Schools in the entire 
Province are situated in the fourteen counties of Western Ontario; also because 
its young men and young women are able to obtain a university education at 
reasonably low cost. 

^. At what University? 
A. At the University of Western Ontario. 
^. Where? 

A. At London; logically, in the very centre of the community it serves, 
namely: Brant, Bruce, Elgin, Essex, Grey, Huron, Kent, Lambton, Middlesex, 
Norfolk, Oxford, Perth, Waterloo, Wellington Counties. 

^. What advantages other than reasonably low tuition present themselves 
at the University of Western Ontario? 

A. In London, students from Western Ontario are within short distances 
of their homes, a fact of much importance to parents. Moreover, they can 
travel to and from the University at relatively little expense. As London is 
not a large city in the ordinary sense, it is free from the many distractions of a 
great metropolis. In London the cost of living, especially for students, is much 
lower than it is in the large university centres. 

^. When was the University of Western Ontario established.'' 
A. In 1878. It is now in its fiftieth year of service. 
SI- Is the University a sectarian institution? 

A. No. It is entirely non-denominational and co-edacational. Its doors 
are open to all, irrespective of nationality or creed. 


^. Has the University any affiliated colleges? 

A. Yes. Huron College, in Divinity; Alma, Assumption, Ursuline and 
Waterloo Colleges, in Arts. 

^. What does afilidtion signify? 

A. The courses and examinations in Arts are those prescribed by the 
University. The degrees in all cases are conferred by the University. 
^. By whom are its affairs administered? 

A. By a Board of Governors composed of four m:mbjrs appaintej by 
the Provincial Governmjnt, four by th; City of London, thes: eight appointing 
four more. Th; Chancellor, th: President ani Vc-Ciancellor, th; Miyor 
of the City of London, and the Warden of the Gaunty ot Middieies are members 

^. Who is responsible for the educational policy of the Unirersitvr 
A. The Senate is responsible. 
^. How is the Senate elected? 

A. The Senate consists of representatives of the Faculties, affiliated 
Colleges, Boards of Education and Secondary Schools of Western Ontario, while 
each of the fourteen Counties and each chartered City in Western Ontario 
appoints a representative to the Senate. 

^. Who are the ad^nmistratiiie ojjicers? 

A. Visitor: His Honour W. D. Ross, the Lieutenant-Governor of Ontario. 
Chancellor: The Hon. W. J. Roche, M.D., LL.D., Chairman of the Civil Service 
Commission, Ottawa. Chairman of the Board of Governors: Mr. Arthur T. 
Little. President and Vice-Chancellor: W. Sherwood Fox. Ph.D., D. Litt., 
F.R.S.C. Executive Secretary: Col. Walter James Brown, B.S.A., LL.M., 

^. Hoif many Faculties are there in the University 
A. Three: Medicine, Arts and Natural Sciences, and Public Health. 
^. What other Departments of the Univ'ersit> perform invaluable service 
to the community at large? 

A. The Summer School and Extramural Department and the Department 
of Extension and Adult Education. 

^. How do they perform this service? 

A. (a) Many people, especially teachers, can begin regular university 
work in the Summer Sessions and continue it extramurally by correspondence 
during the other seasons. 

(b) Lectures under the Extension Department give regular weekly 
courses or occasional lectures in many places in Western Ontario. This is a 
very significant phase of modern university activity, in that it enables many 
people, prevented by circumstances from attending university, to have a measure 
of university privileges. 

^. Is it fiossible to give personal instruction in this way? 
A. The studies and progress of students enrolled in regular courses in 
all these departments come under the close supervision of members of the Uni- 
versity Staff. 

^. Who benefit b)i this service? 

A. Teachers, largely, but many others as well. 

§_. Does "Western" not unnecessarily duplicate the wor\ of other universities 

in the Province.' ■ j • 

A. No. The University of Western O.itano is a large factor in reducing 
excessive registrations in other universities. Tnis is one reason why the tJovern- 
ment of the Province grants "Western" such generous bnancial aid. Further- 


more, the regional university is now recognized by governments and authorities 
on higher education as a necessary institution. 

^. Why is the University of Western Ontario now appealing for funds! 
A. Because its total estimated income from all sources, including Provin- 
cial and Municipal grants, students' fees, and minor investments, amounts to 
approximately $390,000 a year, while its total estimated expenditures, without 
allowing for any general developments in buildings, etc., amount to approximately 
$470,000, which creates an annual deficit of $80,000. 

Si. What factors are involved in the present annual deficit of $80,000? 
A. Necessary expenditures for maintenance, due to the phenomenal 
increase in attendance during the past few years, the consequent necessary 
augmentation of the teaching staff and the necessary development of hbrary 
and laboratory faciUties. A University must keep pace with new developments 
in science and industry. To do so is the very essence of its being. Changes in 
methods and mechanisms are constantly occurring. To fulfil its purpose and 
maintain necessary high standards the University must efficiently interpret these 
developments to its students. 

^. How will the fund for which the University is appealing he employed 
to remedy this situation? i t. • 

A. It will constitute a permanent Endowment Fund, only the income 
from which will be used. 

^. Has the University an Endowment Fund at present? 
A. No. The University of Western Ontario is one of the few institu- 
tions of its kind and importance on this continent without such a fund. 
^. Why are increases in Staff necessary? 

A. Such increases are inevitable because of the increase in student enroll- 
ment and are directly proportionate to this increase. 

^. To what extent has the student enrollment at Western increased in 


A. The increase has been phenomenal in the history of Canadian univer- 
sities. In ten years the enrollment has increased more than 700 per cent, and 
in five years it has doubled. 

^. Have facilities for instruction and research, and have the administrative 
and teaching staffs been increased to the point of meeting efficiently this enlarged 
demand upon the University? 

A. No. Such increases have been effected only where absolutely essential, 
and these at the cost of dangerous economies in other directions. Increased 
income alone can enable the University to meet the most urgent present require - 
ments and to anticipate others. 

SI. What districts are represented in the growing student enrollment at the 
University of Western Ontario? 

A Nearly ninety per cent, of the students at the University come from 
homes within the Fourteen Counties of Western Ontario. The remainder come 
from other sections of the Province and the Dominion, and a few from the United 
States and abroad. 

^. What relation does the students fee hear to the actual cost oj providing 

tuition? ^ • 

A. The Arts student of the University of Western Ontario pays approxi- 
mately one-third of the actual cost of his tuition, while the student m Medicine 
pays only one-seventh. This ratio is common to practically all Canadian uni- 


^. Could nut the tuition fees be increased in order thus to offset a large 
part of the present difference between University income and expenditure? 

A. No. To do so at the present time would deprive many worthy and 
briUiant young people in Western Ontario of a university education. It would 
curtail the demand for higher education and thus deal a serious blow to com- 
munity progress. 

^. If the proceeds of the present appeal are to provide only for permanent 
maintenance, is it not, then, the purpose of the University to erect additional 

A. Additional buildings are needed, but obviously the University cannot 
advance in that respect until its future maintenance is assured. 

SI- What additional buildings are required? 

A. The urgent needs are a Gymnasium, Dormitories for men and women, 
a Library building, additional facilities for the departments in Natural Sciences 
and in Medicine, with a Students' Union and a Stadium. 

^. Is the need of these buildings an issue in this campaign? 

A. Only so far as the Board of Governors cannot possibly consider ways 
and means of providing them until, as previously stated, the problem of main- 
tenance is solved by the existence of an Endowment Fund. 

^. Is the Government of Ontario recognizing in a tangible way the present 
needs of the University? 

A. Yes. The Provincial Government has made possible the funding 
of the existing indebtedness of the University and is increasing its annual grant 
for the next two years. 

^. How is the cost of the Endowment Campaign being provided? 

A. The Board of Governors have already made complete provision for 
the Campaign Expenses. Every subscription made to the Endowment Fund 
will therefore be directly applied to the development and strengthening of the 

^. What is the objective of the Endoi^ment Fund Campaign? 







Two Million Dollars, productive of an annual income of $100,000. 
How much of this amount are the people of London expected to con' 

One Million Dollars, or one-half of the objective. 
How much are the Fourteen Counties e,vfiected to subscribe.' 
One Million Dollars, or one-half of the objective. 
What is the fieriod of the campaign? 

Throughout the year 1928 — the University's Golden Jubilee Year. 
When will the active canvass ta}{e place m the City of London'? 
During the ten days from April I6th to April 25th. inclusive, pre- 
ceded by an educational and publicity campaign commencing January 2nd, 
and by a canvass of "Special Names" prospects commencing March 19th. 
§_. Who are identified with the Campaign Organization? 
A. The Campaign is being carried forward under the distinguished 
patronage of Their Excellencies, the Viscount and the Viscountess WiUingdon. 
The Hon. G. Howard Ferguson, Prime Minister and Minister of Educa- 
tion in the Government of Ontario, heads the list of honorary patrons. 

Mr. Hume Cronyn is Honorary Chairman of the General Campaign Com- 
mittee, Col. W. M. Gartshore, J. G. Richter, Mr. Ray Lawson and Hadley 
Williams, M.D., F.R.C.S., are Honorary Vice-Chairmen. Mr. G. F. Pearson 
is Honorary Treasurer. 


Mr. Arthur W. White is Chairman of the General Campaign Committee 
with Mr. Gordon J. Ingram and Prof. Fred Landon, M.A., as Vice'Chairmen. 

Mr. Morley Aylsworth is Chairman of the Lists and Names Committee. 
Mr. John S. Moore is Chairman of the Special Names Committee, with Mr. 
E. E. Reid, as vice-chairman. Mr. J. E. McConnell is Chairman of the Publicity 
Committee. Dr. Alfred J. Grant is Chairman of the Speakers Committee. 
Colonel Walter J. Brown is Chairman of the Faculty and Students' Committee. 

The Chairmen of Divisions are: Mr. A^ McPherson, Finance; Mr. Geo. 
C. Gunn, Insurance; Mr. E. V. Buchanan, Unclassified Firms; Mr. John J. 
McHale, Industrial; Mr. W. R. Grant, Residential Canvass; Lieut. Col. G. W. 
Little, M.V.O., M.C., Mercantile; A. R. Cairncross, Professional; Col. E. G. 
Reid, D.S.O., Government; Mr. A. E. Silverwood, Organizations. 

Other leading citizens, realizing the high importance of the University of 
Western Ontario to the people of London, both as an educational centre and as 
an industrial asset, are offering their unstinted cO'Operation in the campaign as 
County and District chairmen, vice-chairmen and members of numerous sub- 
sidiary groups. 

The total number of persons engaged in the London effort will be 350. 

^. How is It proposed to carry out the Campaign in the Counties? 

A. The County of Middlesex will be organized during the London effort 
and will be canvassed immediately following the solicitation in London, between 
April 30th and May 31st. 

The remaining thirteen Counties will be organized and canvassed success- 
ively, commencing June 1st and ending December 15th, the effort in each case 
being directed from local headquarters established in the County town. Local 
committees will canvass selected prospects listed in communities of 1,000 popu- 
lation and over. 

Leading citizens of the Fourteen Counties, realizing what the University 
of Western Ontario means to their large urban and rural populations are likewise 
coming forward, many in contemplation of personal sacrifices of time and money, 
to pledge their active help in the Endowment Fund Campaign. 

SI- Why should I be as\ed to help the University of Western Ontario? 

A. (1) If you are a graduate or a former student of the University, you 
ought to come to her assistance at the present time regarding as an unescapable 
debt the difference between what you actually paid for your education and what 
it cost the community to give it to you. This difference must be worth to you 
much more than its mere measure in dollars and cents indicates. 

(2) If you are still a student of the University, you are now incurring an 
obligation you should make an effort to meet. 

(3) If you are a citizen of London or of elsewhere in Western Ontario, 
you owe it to yourself, to your personal welfare and pride, to strengthen the 
community in which you live, by helping to provide the means for the best 
development of its youth. By this act you would aid in improving standards 
of knowledge, citizenship, and efficiency, in enhancing the country's natural 
wealth, in broadening the people's vision and culture and in increasing their 
happiness and prosperity. 

^. In addition to making my own contribution, how can I help m the 

A. (1) If you are a graduate or a former student of the University, by 
acting as a canvasser on one of the divisional committees, and, through your 
familiarity with the University's needs, conveying to others a knowledge of the 


situation and developing a community spirit that will ensure the success of the 

(2j If you are now a student of the University, by placing the issue 
before your relatives and friends, through letters and in conversation, in an 
effort to procure their contributions. If you do not know all there is to know 
about the University requirements and the reasons for the Campaign, you may 
obtain complete information at Campaign Headquarters, 133 Dundas Street. 

(3) If you are a citizen, by familiarizing yourself with the financial posi' 
tion of the University, with the urgent needs of its several Faculties and numer- 
ous departments, and then by giving whole-heartedly your moral and material 

^. Am I expected to give the whole amount of my subscription now? 

A. No. The amount ot your contribution may be payable during a period 
of five years, in annual instalments. In this way you are enabled to give a larger 
total amount than otherwise might be the case. 

^. What portion of my contribution is desired now, in cash? 

A. It will be gratifying if you will arrange to pay one-fifth at the time 
you make your subscription. 

Si- To whom shall I ma}{e my cheque payable? 

A. The University of Western Ontario Endowment Fund. 

""It dil't 

the gu'is iinr armament, nor jundi 

thit th?v can pd\. 

But the 

clo<.e cO'Opzr.nim th:it ma\es th'.m 
win thi d IV. 

It aint 

thz individual, nor the army as a 

But th; 

everlastin' teamwork of every bloom- 

i'l' soul." 





ONTA RIO has endeavored to relate itself to 
the life and the problems of the people in its 
district. It is providing higher education for the 
greatest number possible and at the least possible 
cost. The Prime Minister, who has been generous 
toward the University, declares he will continue 
to do his share if we will do our's. The time has 
now come for us to accept the challenge, to show 
that we believe in the University's future, and to 
demonstrate our readiness as people of Western 
Ontario to support our own institution. 


Chairman of the Board of Governors 
of the University of Western Ontario. 

A Portal to Opportunity 

By W. Sherwood Fox, Ph. D., D.Litt., F.R.S.C. 

President and Vice-Chancellor 

The University of Western Ontario 

EW opportunities come to a young man or to a 
young woman more important than the oppor- 
tunity to secure a university education. Not to 
all is this privilege given, and one of the tragedies 
is that sometimes it is denied to the most deserving. Yet 
the tendency in our day is to make it possible for any 
worthy young man or woman of ability who aspires to do 
so to pursue a university course. To this end students' 
fees are kept as low as possible (seldom are they more than 
a third of the actual cost), scholarships are awarded, op- 
portunities for self-help provided, and the public itself, 
in one way or another, takes upon its shoulders the greater 
part of the costs involved. 

The fact that civilized nations have for centuries past 
paid this cost of building up and maintaining their uni- 
versities is an indication of a high idealism. It is also a 
recurring challenge to the youth of the land to take up the 
torch of learning which has come to us from the past and 
to carry it, rekindled and yet brighter, into the future. 
The words are attributed to Jacques Loeb, the great 
scientist, that "without the learning of the past there can 

be no future." Increasingly it becomes the contribution 
of the universities to help insure a future, and one way in 
which that contribution is made is by training the youth 
of the land. 

Very early in the history of this country and in the 
face of greater difficulties than exist to-day, stalwart men 
who believed that education was vital to growth and pro- 
gress laid the foundations of our universities. These uni- 
versities, through generations past, have been sending out 
the men and the women who have largely made our country 
what it has come to be among the nations and who have 
given us as a people many of those characteristics which, 
in greater or less degree, distinguish us. 

To-day, we are living in a world which, in less than a 
generation has been changed more than it was changed by 
centuries in the past. The times are confused and un- 
settled. Men everywhere are seeking a way out of new 
difficulties. In some lands the people have grasped at the 
doctrines of charlatans and we see them paying a terrible 
price as a result. Never was there a time in world history 
when wisdom was more above rubies in value and when 
true knowledge was more needed to mark the path which 
men should tread. 

The Canadian people in this last decade have more 
and more indicated their faith in school and university 
education as one factor making for a more assured future. 
Never has there been greater interest in elementary and 
secondary education. Never has there been such an 

page Iwo 

enrolment in our universities. Never have so many ques- 
tions of vital importance to national welfare been submitted 
to our universities and to our experts in all branches of 
knowledge. These new and increased responsibilities to- 
wards the youth of the country and towards the problems 
of the country have placed a strain on the resources of 
every institution of higher learning in Canada. The re- 
sources of the past, generous as they may have seemed, 
have proved inadequate for this new day. An income that 
met requirements a decade ago does not provide for the 
needs of to-day. Shall further advance be halted by in- 
adequate support, or shall the university meet the future 
with new resources, renewed interest and renewed en- 

The University of Western Ontario has had an enrol- 
ment during this past year of over 950 students, ninety per 
cent, of whom came from London and the fourteen counties 
of Western Ontario. This is double the number who were 
enrolled five years ago and three times the number who 
were enrolled ten years ago. No argument is needed to 
prove that resources which were strained five years ago, 
and which have been only slightly increased in the period 
since, cannot be expected to meet the demands of to-day. 
Despite the most rigid economy, an economy at times near 
the danger point, it has been impossible to make income 
cover expenditure and in the last two or three years the 
annual deficit has been around $80,000. This situation 
can not continue and more adequate support has had to be 

page three 

The University, in its crisis, naturally turns to those 
whom it may properly regard as its friends, namely, its 
graduates, the citizens of London and the people of Wes- 
tern Ontario whom it is endeavoring to serve. It puts this 
very plain question: Do you believe it is worth while to 
provide such resources that this university, with its past 
record of usefulness and with its halls to-day filled with 
young men and women preparing for their future work, 
may carry on with its high standards maintained and may 
yet further link itself with the life and activities of this 
western part of the province? If you do believe this, we 
appeal, in the campaign now being inaugurated for ade- 
quate endowment, to your interest and to your generosity. 

The University of Western Ontario is doing a work 
that is distinctive. Its effort is not limited to the more 
than nine hundred students who are in its classes. Through 
it> Summer School and extramural instruction, through its 
extension lectures and study groups, it is opening a door 
of opportunity to many who cannot take advantage of its 
regular work. Nor is this all. From the laboratories of 
its medical school and its institute of public health light is 
being thrown upon the problems of disease and the depart- 
ments of natural science are giving valuable assistance to 
agriculture and industry. The department of commerce 
is relating itself closely to the problems of Canadian busi- 
ness, while from other departments come many contribu- 
tions to knowledge in the fields of Economics, Political 
Science, History, etc. Thus the wisdom of the past is not 

page four 

only being conserved but is being added to and reinter- 
preted to a new day. 

Shall the University be given yet wider opportunity, 
both in the education of the youth of Western Ontario and 
in meeting and dealing with the problems of this great com- 
munity of people? The University of Western Ontario 
stands to-day at one of the crises in its history. With 
adequate support it can go on to greater measure of use- 
fulness and service. To the young men and women of 
Western Ontario will be afforded yet finer provision for 
higher education. To the public at large will come, in 
increased measure, those cultural returns which have al- 
ways been recognized as flowing out from universities as 
centres of intellectual activity. 

To the people of London and Western Ontario the 
central idea of this campaign may well be expressed as 
"Our University, our responsibility, our opportunity". 

page five 







ife is shorty and the Art long; 
the occasion fleeting; experi- 
ence fallacious ^ and judgment diffi- 
cult. The physician must not only 
be prepared to do zvhat is right by 
himself, but also to make the patient, 
the attendants, and externals co- 

— Hippocrates: 450 B. C. 

The Teaching of 

Medicine and Surgery 

at the University of Western Ontario 
By A. Bruce Macallum, M.D., Ph.D., 


^^^HE Medical Faculty of the University of Western Ontario 
■ l^ was organized by twelve of the leading physicians resident 
V^ in London at the time the University received its charter 
in 1878. Courses of instruction were begun in 1881, and have 
been carried on without interruption. Indeed, the Faculty of 
Medicine was largely instrumental in keeping alive the charter 
of the University when the Faculty of Arts ceased to function 
for a period of ten years, 1885 to 1895. 

The first home of the Faculty was in a cottage at the corner 
of Hellmuth Avenue and St. James Street. Later the School was 
housed in a building at the corner 
of York and Waterloo Streets, 
erected with funds subscribed by 
the members of the Faculty. Un- 
til about 1908 the members of the 
Faculty personally shouldered the 
responsibility of financing the 
operations of the institution. The 
present building was occupied in 

Steady growth of the student 
body has marked the history of the 
School from the beginning, and the 
Faculty has been fortunate in 
always having a group of clinical 
instructors who have been out- 
standing both in respect of their 
teaching capacity and profes- 
sional attainments. Many of 
the graduates of the School 


have reached professional eminence and are holding major 
positions in other institutions, in England and in the United 
States. Some of them have reputations of an international 

The policy of the institution always has been directed 
toward quality rather than quantity, and the results are evident 
in the high standing of the graduating classes as indicated in 
the licensing examinations, where in recent years they have 
displayed a grade of scholarship equal and sometimes superior 
to that of the other first-class Canadian medical schools. 

The institution is officially rated as a "Class A" medical 
school by the Council on Medical Education of the American 
Medical Association, thus ranking it with the medical faculties 
of the principal universities of America. 

The present building of the Faculty of Medicine was erected 
and equipped in 1921 for the relatively small number of students 
then in attendance. But the increased number of students — 
there are now 134 — and the rapid advances made in methods of 
instruction have developed the need of additional laboratory 
accommodation, laboratory equipment and personnel. 

The need for space is most evident in the Library, where 
the shelf room has reached the saturation point of the floor 
space. Only a fraction of the present student body can be 
accommodated at any one time in the reading room. Normal 
increase in the number of books and journals will require space 
which is not now available. The laboratories, in manv instances, 


are being used by several shifts of students and, in even these 
circumstances, are taxed to their limit. 

The apparatus installed when the building was first opened 
was supplied in quantities necessary for the immediate need 
of the relatively small number of students then enrolled. The 
classes have since practically doubled in size. Apparatus in- 
tended to supply the needs of half the present number of students 
is called upon to do double duty. Further, the annual appropri- 
ations allow for depreciation only and do not anticipate 
obsolescence. It is self-evident that provision must be made 
to bring the supply of equipment up to the level imposed by 
the larger requirements, and to enable the school to acquire 
new material of proven merit developed by the more recent 
advances in medical science. 

The Library is probably the most important single unit in 
the institution, but, owing to the necessity for radical economy, 
purchases of journals and other standard medical literature 
have had to be very carefully scrutinized, and only a portion of 
those required could be bought. In several cases, sub- 
scriptions to current journals have had to be cancelled. Since 
the Library serves not only the staff and students, but also is 
accessible to the medical profession in Western Ontario, con- 
tinuation of the policy of strict retrenchment must impair its 


On the side of personnel, there is need tor immediate 
increase. The clinical staff now numbers fifty-three, and the 
full - time staff consists of twenty professors and instructors. 
But with the present student registration the staff of clinical 
instructors is not sufficient. Classes are unwieldy in size. The 
policy of individual instruction is adhered to with dangerous 
difficulty. Immediate increase in the number of instructors 
teaching practical aspects of medicine and surgery must be 
pro\'ided for in order to maintain the efficiency of the school at 
"Grade A" standards. 

In research, the activities of the Faculty have produced 
and are producing more to advance the reputation of the 
institution than any other single feature of its work. The 

accomplishments of various 
members of the staff are of 
a fundamental character, and 
have on various occasions 
drawn favorable comment 
from the leading medical 
journals. The more recent 
developments in research 
have brought about fresh 
requirements of apparatus, 
but the progress of the work 

f.M.K roiR 

in hand has had to be materially slowed down, and in some 
cases entirely deferred, through lack of equipment, due to 
inadequac>- of maintenance funds. Provision must be made 
to continne this essential service, if the enviable position of 
the Faculty in the realm of productive science and medical 
progress is to be maintained. 

Needless to say, the presence of the Medical School in 
Western Ontario has been and is of inestimable value to the 
public at large. It has stimulated the members of the profes- 
sion engaged in teaching to set high professional standards 
for themselves. In its services to the profession outside its 
own personnel, it has con- 
tributed much toward dis- 
semination of new knowl- 
edge and improved effi- 

By helping to support 
such an institution, the 
people of London and of 
Western Ontario are doing 
much to assure for them- 
selves a medical service of 
incalculable benefit. 

JpeTadincf S ui'fe Ui'"t 



iKS^ fiffiodl 


THE sure foundations of the State are laid in 
knowledge, not in ignorance; and every sneer 
at education, at culture, at book learning, 
which is the recorded wisdom of the experience of 
mankind, is the demagogue's sneer at intelligent 
liberty, inviting national degeneracy and ruin. 

— George William Curtis 

Arts and Natural Sciences 

By K.P.R. Neville, Ph.D., F.A.G.S. 

Dean of the Faculty of Arts and Registrar 
of The University of Western Ontario 

Tp T has been said that some of the primary objects of 
i going to college should be to secure worthwhile 
information that will enable men and women to 
make the most of their lives, to create worthy 
citizenship, and through the realization of these two aims 
to perpetuate all that is most vital and valuable in our 

Experience proves that the 
student body of every institu- 
tion comes mainly from its im- 
mediate environs ; that every 
institution is primarily a re- 
gional institution. It owes its 
first duty to its region, and its 
first duty is to send back into 
its community men and women 
who, after four years' pursuit 
of the ideal objectives men- 
tioned above, can and will serve 
the community for its ultimate 
good. They must be community 
assets satisfying Icommunity 

calls. How does the University of Western Ontario, and 
how does University College, measure up to these demands? 

At the present moment there is machinery in motion 
to provide training for many of the types of interest that 
centre in Western Ontario. The student who seeks a 
purely cultural development can find a liberal array of 
courses subject to his option. The future teacher, man 
or woman, is offered the opportunity of securing the 
academic training that leads to the specialist rating of the 
Department of Education of Ontario. The lawyer of the 
future can get his preparation in the honor course in 
Economic and Political Science. The preacher, of no 
matter what cast of creed, can get his academic prelim- 
inaries in some of the affiliated theological colleges. The 
science courses train men in pure and applied science for 
research and institutional work. The future business man 
can, through the course in Business Administration or 
through the various combinations of Business and Science, fit 
himself in a general way for the commercial and industrial 
life of our country, especially for Accounting, Salesmanship, 
Finance, Industrial and Factory Organization and Man- 

The University of Western Ontario is coeducational 
and has always, since it fust opened its doors, had a high 
percentage of women in attendance. For them, besides 
the cultural and teachers' courses, there was for many 
years nothing to choose. But the University saw that 
many of the young women who wanted through college 
training an entrance to practical life did not wish to 

page two 

teach. There was organized, therefore, a course in Secre- 
tarial Science, which combines, with a hberal prescription 
of cultural subjects, practical training in shorthand, type- 
writing and general office and business practice. 

From these statements it might seem that every kind of 
academic training that can logically be expected from an 
Arts and Science college can be obtained from the courses 
already provided. Unfortunately this is far from being 
the case. There is one very important phase of the 
regional life of Southwestern Ontario for which we make 
practically no provision. We are in the centre of the 
richest agricultural area of the Dominion of Canada and 
should therefore be the first institution to provide the 
means for training men for research in the problems of ap- 
plied agricultural biology. This 
does not impinge on the field of 
the Ontario Agricultural Col- 
lege at all. Their training is 
indispensable, but leans more 
to the practical than the ex- 
perimental and must in the 
nature of things cover the 
whole province, where our con- 
tribution must be to a more 
specialized, restricted area. 
Nothing but scientific research 
in applied agriculture is going 
to enable the rural communi- 
ties to produce enough to 

page three 

supply the demands of the ever-increasing urban population 
and we should be ready to make our contribution. 

Further, it must not be taken for granted that all the 
women who go to college are going to find their ultimate 
berth in either the school room or the office. There is still 
a large section of the world that believes "a woman's 
place is in the home", and for this section provision 
should and must be made. There should be no coedu- 
cational university without its department of Domestic 
Science through which a woman can get such practical 
training as will meet her needs if she chooses to use her 
education in her own or some other person's home. 

In the purely cultural field we have one department 
where we have been forced to depend on the assistance of 
local lecturers giving but a few hours each per week to the 
University, viz., Philosophy. Valuable as this service has 
been, and grateful as the University must be to men who 
have thus sacrificed themselves in her behalf, the time 
has surely arrived when this department should grow to 
the status of the rest of the curriculum and be manned by 
at least one full time instructor. He should be, preferably, 
an experimental psychologist first, and a mental and moral 
philosopher second. Even equipped with such a professor 
and a minimum psychological laboratory we should not be 
able to offer a course sufficiently comprehensive and 
intensive to warrant giving an honor degree in the subject 
as do some of our affiliated colleges. That would require at 
least two men, a psychologist and a philosopher. 

There is another angle from which we must view this 
staff question. It is generally conceded, and can be taken 
as proved till adequate evidence is forthcoming to refute 

page four 

it, that the small group can be taught with far better 
results than the large, unwieldy group. The attempt to 
restrict the number of students in a section especially in 
the first two years has been a cardinal feature of the 
pedagogic policy at Western. The concrete ideal has been 
set at 25; no alarm has been felt if the sections were kept 
below 30. But with the growth of the institution and the 
increase in the attendance it has been found impossible to 
avoid passing this maximum. There are six sections of 
second year English where there should be eight; there 
are two sections of first year Latin where there should be 
three; almost every department of general course work 
has the same story to tell 
— French, Mathematics, 
History, Economics, 
Business Administra- 
tion, Botany, Zoology, 
Physics, Chemistry. If 
the University of West- 
ern Ontario is not to 
prove a traitor to its con- 
viction it needs addition- 
al staffing in each of 
these departments at 
once. The condition right 
now is critical because 
staff expansion has lag- 
ged so far behind student 
expansion. The present 

page Jive 

staff cannot possibly assume any heavier duties because 
each one of them is lecturing what seems to be a full teach- 
ing load. Further, if standards are to be maintained the 
new staff members secured must be well trained, and 
well-trained men and women in higher educational work, as 
in every other field of endeavour, demand and receive a 
higher stipend than their less adequately prepared rivals. 

To meet the calls legitimately made, as we see it, on a 
college of Arts situated in Western Ontario we need now 
in old and new departments at least 12 more full time 
professors and instructors of such high quality that we 
could not expect to secure them for less than $30,000 per 
annum. The laboratories to be added in the suggested 
new departments would cause an increased annual expen- 
diture of approximately $5,000. 

The fact must not be overlooked that our present 
staff is working on a lower salary scale than that obtaining 
in our sister institutions, which can, therefore, by reason 
of their higher remuneration, attract from us the good men 
whose retention here is vital to the future of our own 
University. To cope with this situation would require an 
additional outlay of between $5,000 and $10,000 per year. 

To sum up in a word, between $40,000 and $45,000 
is needed at once to add to the present salary and 
equipment outlay if University College of Arts is to be put 
where it will be reasonably sure of answering ade- 
quately the call of the basic industries and professions 
of Western Ontario. That means the net revenue from a 
capital close to One MiUion Dollars. 



r^OLD that buys health 
can never he ill spent. 

-John Webster 


Public Health 

By A. J. SLACK. Ph.C, M.D., D.P.H. 

Acting Dean and Director of the Faculty and Institute of Public Health, 
The University of Western Ontario 

CTT-I HE Institute of Public Health, in London, was opened in 
I 1 1912, in a building erected and equipped by the Ontario 
Government and turned over to the University of West- 
ern Ontario with the object of aiding medical education and 
promoting instructional and practical work in Public Health in this 
section of the Province. 

Instructional work in Public Health was started almost im- 
mediately. Many addresses on popular public health subjects 
were given to lay audiences and systematic courses of instruction 
in Public Health were started for students in other Faculties of 
the University and for the undergraduate nurses in London 
hospitals. The professional staff of the Institute was placed in 
charge of the corresponding depart- 
ments in the Medical Faculty and did 
much to aid in the re-organization of 
that Faculty. Teaching laboratories 
were established in the Institute build- 
ing and for several years the didactic 
and laboratory courses in Chemistry, 
Physics, Bacteriology, Pathology and 
Public Health for students in the Medi- 
cal Faculty of the University were 
conducted by the Institute staff. At 
this time no sciences were being taught 
in the Faculty of Arts of the Univer- 
sity and for several years the Division 
ofChemistry of the Institute conducted 

{ Page One 

all Chemistry courses for the University, 
lectures in Public Health for Arts students 
the Institute. 

Later a course of 
vas established by 

The earliest connection with an official Public Health organi' 
ziation was with the Department of Health of Ontario, the Institute 
undertaking to make free examinations on all types of specimens 
which were examined free by the Central Laboratory of the Pro- 
vincial Board at Toronto. This connection with the Provincial 
Department of Health has now been maintained for more than 
fifteen years. The early history of the Institute was one of build' 
ing up the Provincial laboratory work and of developing satisfac' 
tory science courses in the Medical and Arts Departments of the 
University. Rapid development of the Arts and Medical Facul' 
ties eventually made it necessary for them to seek more adequate 
quarters and provision was finally made by each Faculty to con- 
duct its own teaching, leaving the Institute staff free to begin the 
work for which it was established. 

Courses in Public Health for graduate physicians and for grad- 
uate nurses were outlined and have been carried on since 1920. 
Courses are offered for graduate physicians leading to the Diploma 
of Public Health and the degree of Doctor of Public Health and for 
graduate nurses leading to the Certificate of Public Health Nurse, 

Page Two I 

the Certificate of Instructor in Nursing, the Certificate of Hospital 
Administrator, and the degree of Bachelor of Science in Nursing. 
Since these Public Health courses were started Diplomas have been 
granted to seven physicians. Certificates to 48 nurses and the 
Bachelor of Science in Nursing degree has been granted to one 
candidate. For the session 1927-28 twelve nurses are enrolled in 
the graduate Public Health courses, 138 students of the Arts and 
Medical Faculties are receiving instruction in Public Health and 
more than 200 undergraduate nurses in London hospitals are 
receiving instruction in Bacteriology, Chemistry, Preventable 
Diseases and Public Health. 

The laboratories provide a means by which physicians may 
rapidly obtain diagnoses on all of the communicable diseases. 
Before the Institute was established it was necessary to send all 
specimens to Toronto for diagnosis, with the consequent loss of 
much valuable time. No effort has been spared to make this 
service of real practical value to the 180 or more municipalities 
which take advantage of the facilities provided to obtain free 
examinations on specimens having to do with the Public Health. 
Many of these communities have their water and milk supplies 
checked up at regular frequent intervals. The Provincial Depart- 
ment of Health requires that the water supply of every public 
school in Ontario must be examined at least once each year and 

f Page Three 

all specimens collected in the fourteen counties of south'western 
Ontario are examined by the Institute. In the case of any out- 
breaks of communicable diseases specimens are sent to the labor- 
atory for diagnosis and because the Institute is located in the 
geographical centre of the district which it serves it is possible to 
make reports on these specimens with a minimum of delay. 

Public Health laboratory service in order to be of the greatest 
value must be rapid. Quick reports on bacteriological diagnosis 
insure proper treatment at the earliest possible moment and prompt 
service with regard to administration of antitoxins frequently 
result in the saving of life. The Institute at all times carries a 
large supply of the free biological products, like antitoxins, 
serums, vaccines and insulin, for the prevention of diseases, 
supplied by the Provincial Board of Health. Many thousand 
packages of these free products are supplied to physicians each 
year and emergency requests for biological products are met 
immediately whether the call is received by day or night. 

Steady increase year by year in the number of specimens re- 
ceived for examination indicates that there is a real need 

Page Four ] 

for service of this character. The following table will indicate 
the increase in the amount of practical laboratory work : 

Year Total Examinations 

1914 1,472 

1918 10,372 

1922 14,658 

1926 29,433 

During the year 1927 the Institute staff examined and reported 
upon 31,876 free specimens and the total number of specimens 
examined during this year would total nearly 35,000. This 
service is of incalculable value to the physician and must result 
in better medical service to the pubUc. Clinical laboratory service 
is also maintained and specimens not included amongst the free 
examinations are examined for the physicians for a small fee, 
proceeds from such examinations being added to the funds of the 
Institute. This of course meets only a small fraction of the expense 
of maintaining the Institute but is a convenience to the physician 
and owing to the moderate fees charged a saving to the public. 
The Institute gives service to its constituency 365 days of the 
year, the character of the work being such that one or more mem' 
bers of the staff must be on duty for a portion at least of every day. 

In order that the Institute of Public Health may develop and 
increase its usefulness to its constituency certain outstanding 
needs of the Institution must receive consideration. The Institute 
is at present hampered by being greatly under 'Staffed. During 
the fifteen years of its existence the staff has at no time been 
greater than was actually necessary to carry on the routine work. 
Increase in public demand for the services provided must automati' 
cally result in an increased staff to take care of the additional work. 
The staff should be increased sufficiently to relieve the Depart' 
ment Heads from continuous routine and allow them to devote 
a definite proportion of their time to the study of new Public 
Health problems which are continually developing. 

One of the most important functions of the Institute of Public 
Health is the training of post graduate students in Public Health 
work. Public Health nurses employed by the Provincial Depart- 
ment of Health of Ontario are now required to be Public Health 

2e Five 

graduates. The time is not far distant when every municipality 
will employ one or more full time Public Health nurses. Teaching 
in the graduate Public Health course is hampered through lack 
of facilities for students. Although a small library is maintained 
containing several hundred volumes and files of Public Health 
literature, the library, owing to lack of space, is located in an in- 
accessible, uncomfortable and inadequately lighted room in the 
basement. The library should be readily accessible and should be 
large enough to permit reading and study tables. A rest room 
should also be provided for students in our graduate nurses' 
course. The only rooms now available for students are the two 
rooms used for lecture purposes. In order to encourage registra- 
tion in Public Health courses student facilities on a par with 
those supplied by other Universities teaching the same courses 
should be provided. 

Gradual but consistent increase in laboratory work during the 
paist fifteen years has necessitated the purchase of additional appar- 
atus from time to time. This has been selected from the viewpoint 
of both utility and durability with the result that the laboratories 
are well equipped for the type of work conducted and no special 
apparatus is required at the present time. An adequate refriger- 
ating system is the outstanding need so far as equipment is con- 
cerned. The cost of our present system of ice refrigeration is high, 
the storage capacity provided inadequate. An artificial refriger- 
ating system of adequate storage capacity would prove more econo- 
mical in operation than ice. refrigeration. Refrigerating space is 
required for the storage of media used in routine bacteriological 
work and for the storage of biological products provided by the 
Provincial Department of Health for free distribution throughout 
Western Ontario. 

The work of the Faculty and Institute of Public Health is 
closely related to the health and well-being of the entire popula- 
tion of South-western Ontario and should be of serious interest 
to every citizen in that territory. 

Adequate endowment ot the University will insure its 
efficient continuance. 

Page S..V } 

Illlii Ir I " f 


'I STORY /races certain influential nations 
back to a simple progenitor of uniaue 
strength of body and character. Thus 
Abraham., Theseus and Cadmus seem like 
springs feeding great and increasing ?-ivers. 
One wise and original thinker founds a tribe, 
shapes the destiny of nations^ and multiplies 
himself in the lives of future millions. In 
accordance ivith this law, tenacity reappears in 
every Scotchman; wit sparkles in every Irish- 
man; vivacity is in every Frenchman's blood, 
the Saxon is a colonizer and originates insti- 
tutions. . . . "Blood tells," says science. But 
blood is the radical element put out at compound 
interest and handed forward to generations yet 

— Newell Dwight Hill is. 

The Education of Women 

By Ruby C. E. Masox, M.A., 


OR the blood of the settlers of the fourteen counties of 
Western Ontario we of this generation are indeed 
grateful. From it came the pioneers of the great north- 
west, our commanding general in the late war, two of our 
Dominion premiers, premiers of each of the western 
provinces, leaders in government, education, agriculture 
and industry, presidents of great universities and colleges, 
learned doctors, lawyers, preachers and teachers, great 
writers, editors, novelists, historians and poets, and those 
whose discoveries have been of world-wide benefit in 
preserving and prolonging life and in increasing enormously 
our food supply. 

But best of all, from that blood stream came our 
parents, the citizenry of these counties, with their recog- 
nized characteristics of integrity, moral rectitude and 
ability to do things. Out of their wisdom in its recognition 
of the inestimable benefit of sustaining the home influence, 
of maintaining to the utmost the responsibility of parent 
to child and ot child to parent, and of placing higher 
education within the reach of every able and worthy child, 
the University of Western Ontario was organized; and be- 
cause the standard of living of everv communitv is no 


higher than that of its women, it was organized to give 
equal opportunities for development to men and to women. 

There are this year enrolled in the University three 
hundred and thirty-two women, an increase of nearly fifty 
per cent, during the last five years. Women are admitted to 
all classes in all Faculties. Three hundred and six women 
are registered in the Faculty of Arts, which oflFers general 
and honour courses covering a wide range of subjects and 
providing a choice of options. Among others, courses are 
offered in commercial economics, economic and political 
science, government and law, library and secretarial science, 
mathematics, philosophy, public health, physical training, 
chemistry, physics and the languages. There are also 
special combination courses, e. g., mathematics and com- 
merce, chemistry and commerce, physics and commerce. 

Six women are registered in the Faculty of Medicine; 
two have graduated with the Doctor of Medicine degree. 
Twelve women are registered in the Faculty and Institute 


of Public Health. Approximately one hundred and fitty 
nurses-in-training in the London hospitals receive pro- 
fessional and technical instruction from the University 
staff. Of the more than one hundred teachers in Western 
Ontario schools who are taking degree work at the Uni- 
versity Summer School and are completing these courses 
extramurally, about one-half are women. 

The objective in education no longer is one of giving 
to a certain few a mental equipment which should set them 
apart as members of a privileged class, distinguished for 
culture or aptitude tor government or other leadership. 
During the last fifty years there has been slowly evolving 
the idea that the objective in education is lite, and not only 
life, but life more abundant. The best thought of thinking 
people is being exercised in trying to understand life, and 
how best to live it for the common good. The activity ot 
the person is to-day of much more interest to society than 
the person himself. The emphasis has shifted from in- 
struction to research, and a new life has come into the 


process ot education. If the slogan, "No preventable disease, 
no unnecessary poverty, no blinding ignorance upon man- 
kind," is ever to be fulfilled, it must be through research 
laboratories. The search after new truth which seeks to 
learn all the tacts with which life and its activities must 
reckon is the natural endeav^our of youth. The Univ^ersitv 
needs badly scholarships tor research work. A com- 
paratively small amount of money invested in these tresh, 
eager, voung minds under the direction ot scholarlv and 
experienced directors can bring an inestimable good to all 
the people Postgraduate scholarships or fellowships tor 
women are much needed to permit of the exchange ot 
graduate women students between the University of Western 
Ontario and the great universities both in America and 

Women are entering industry in steadily increasing 
numbers, and there is reason to believe that they will 
continue to do so. Since there is a steadily increasing 
participation in control on the part of workers, through 
trade union agreements, shop committees, employed owner- 
ship ot stock, etc., there is a real need tor informed and 
capable leadership amon^; industrial workers. It would 

'^^»f y ^ i p' 

\P/tuS(cal education 


seem that the L^niversitv ot Western Ontario's Summer 
School should be the most disinterestedly interested body 
to give the most helpful, constructive teaching and training 
to a representative group of girls in industry in Western 
Ontario who by their ability, adaptability and ambition bid 
fair to be leaders of their fellows. Six weeks of instruction 
concerning the position and problems of women in industry, 
the wages and hours of labor in different industries and 
localities, the different schemes ot industrial government, 
how and what to speak, to hear and to give heed to, how to 
play and how to rest, ought to prove beneficial to any 
industry to which the selected embryo leader might take 
back the message. 

While many of the women students at "Western" live 
in their own homes, the percentage of those who do not is 
steadily increasing. For these, college residences are de- 
sirable. Residence life develops group loyalty, gives oppor- 
tunity to study human nature and so helps to develop good 
judgment, creates the opportunity to make lasting friend- 
ships, contributes to character building through developing 
capacity for team work, evolves a sense of social responsi- 
bility, directs energies into socially acceptable channels, 
offers recognition for tasks successfully performed, and 
induces lorte for leadership. 

Physical education is another necessary factor in the 
curriculum of the university of to-day; it is as essential as 
mental and moral education; in fact, the one is contributory 
to the other. The facilities at the University of Western 
Ontario for outdoor recreation are excellent, but the indoor 
work in this important department is seriously handicapped 
for want of a suitable gymnasium. 


The needs of the L niv^ersity with regard to its women 
students are: 

1. Funds for research scholarships and increased 
laboratory equipment. 

2. Funds for exchange postgraduate scholarships and 

3. Funds to enable the University in its Summer 
School to give educational assistance to especiallv 
promising girls in industry. 

4. Funds to provide residences for the rapidly increas- 
ing number of women students from out ot town. 

5. Funds to provide for the physical development of 
its women through adequate gymnasium facilities. 

All money expended for the betterment of womanhood 
is expended for the betterment of the race. To see to it 
then, that the women of Western Ontario may continue to 
be mother of a great people, that her children may be 
to-morrow as they are to-day and have been yesterday, 
leaders throughout this broad Dominion, is the great 
opportunity and proud privnlege of every Western Ontario 
citizen. To these an appeal for increased opportunity for 
education of women needs no argument. 




Ilfeii^(om ©Miipg© 

/T is for us to discharge the high duties that de- 
volve on uSf and carry our race onward. To be 
no better, no wiser, no greater than the past is 
to be little and foolish and bad, it is to misapply 
noble means, to sacrifice glorious opportunities for 
the performance of sublime deeds, to become cum- 

berers of the ground. 

— Garrison. 

Summer School 

and Extramural Courses 

By H. R. Kingston, Ph.D., F.R.A.S. 

Director, The Summer School and Extramural Department 
of The University of Western Ontario 

ANY years have passed since the idea of seeking 
further academic training during a portion of the 
summer vacation first led students to "go to 
school" during July and August. 
The demand for summer schools grew out of the 
desire on the part of the more ambitious teachers to seek 
higher standards of academic equipment. To do this 
during the regular university year meant the giving-up of 
salaries and the depletion of scanty reserves, a procedure 
which, in many cases, was almost, if not entirely, impos- 
sible. Then it was that the suggestion was made to have 
the universities offer courses during the summer months. 
The establishing of summer schools has been of great help 
also to those university students in residence during the 
winter, who, because of illness or some other misfortune, 
have been unable to complete the year's work during the 
winter sessions and have used the summer schools to make 
up their deficiencies. 

Further, why should a univer- 
sity plant in which the people 
have such a large investment lie 
practically idle during four whole 
months of the year? 

"Western" early recognized 
the necessity of providing sum- 
mer courses, and in 1918 opened 
her first Summer School. 

During the summers that have followed the interest 
in the Summer School has increased until the attendance 
has for two summers exceeded 100. Entrance is on the 
same basis as entrance to the winter school, that is, by 
junior matriculation. Also, in the case of a teacher, a 
second class certificate admits to the Summer School. 
Further, the summer courses are open to all individuals 
who wish to widen their experience and extend their 
culture, provided that they satisfy the instructors in charge 
that they are qualified to pursue intelligently and profitably 
the courses chosen. 

The work in the Summer School is precisely equivalent 
to the work done in the University during the winter 
term. Courses are given in Astronomy, Botany. Chem- 
istry, Enghsh, French, Geology, German, Greek, History, 
Latin, Library Science, Bacteriology and Public Health, 
Public Speaking, Physics, Mathematics, Nature Study and 
Agriculture, Spanish and Zoology. These courses all lead 
to the General B.A. degree. A number of honor courses 
also are offered leading to the Honor B.A. degree. 

The Summer School students are naturally of a serious 
type, otherwise they would not spend their own funds 
during vacation in pursuing a stiff course of discipline such 
as an Arts Course comprises. They work consistently and 
hard and when they play they play with all their might. 

At the present time a number of recent Summer 
School students are in residence and taking regular work 
at the University. In addition there are now 64 students 
who by correspondence are carrying on work through the 
Extramural Department. 

The Summer School seeks to develop every student 
physically as well as mentally, so that at the close of the 
session each may go back to his constituency refreshed 
and stronger in body as well as in mind. With this end in 
view a systematic program of social and athletic events 

page two 

runs throughout the entire session under the auspices of 
the Summer School Students' Association. 

A discussion of the Summer School is incomplete 
without mention of the work of the Extramural Depart- 
ment with which it is closed allied. As the summer session 
runs for only six weeks few courses can be finished in that 
time. Such courses, begun in the summer in personal 
contact with the instructors, are completed through the 
Extramural Department by means of extramural or cor- 
respondence study during the following winter. The 
extramural work is carried on in a regular, systematic 
manner. Outlines of the courses are sent to the students 
and essays or exercises are assigned to be sent in at regular 
intervals. These are corrected, graded and returned. In 
this way direct help is given to the students. It should 
be added that many courses may be taken extramurally 
which have not been started in the Summer School. The 
amount of work which a student may complete in a year 
varies, of course, with the free time at his disposal. On 
an average, however, from one-half to two-thirds of a 
regular intramural year's work may be taken each year 
in this way. 

At present the Summer School and Extramural budget 
permits the offering of only those courses which are directly 
required for the B. A. degree. It is urgently necessary thatthe 
scope of the work be extended to include a greater number 
of degree courses, and, in addition, a variety of "com- 
munity courses" which, while not required for the B.A. 
degree, are needed to help earnest and capable teachers to 
equip themselves more completely for leadership in their 
various constituencies so that they may develop the very 
best in our community life, outside as well as within the 

To make possible these developments, of such potential 
value to the people of Western Ontario, the resources of 
the Department must be strengthened considerably. 

page three 

Extension Courses and Adult Education 

By Col. Walter James Brown, B. S. A., L L. M., F. C. I. S., 

Executive Secretary of the University of Western Ontario 

and Director of the Extension Department 

HE Extension Department of the University of 
Western Ontario was organized in May, 1921. 
Its purpose is to provide educational facilities, 
inspiration and guidance for people at large who 
are not interested in winning for themselves university or 
academic degrees; to promote education for its own sake; 
to make cultural education popular among all classes of 
people irrespective of their previous training; to open the 
doors of the intellectual life to men and women who left 
school at an early age before they had an opportunity to 
obtain a secondary education; to help those who are 
interested to learn more about the world in which they 
live and to become acquainted with its history, its liter- 
ature, its philosophy and its science, to the end that their 
social, intellectual and spiritual lives may be made rich in 
the things worth while and rendered capable of bearing fruit. 
This Department is the public service side of university 
work. It provides a scheme for promoting and a method 
of taking part in the movement for public education. 
Civilization in its upward trend has imposed new and 
burdensome duties and responsibilities on the nation and 
the race. Under these changed conditions the school, the 
college and the university are of supreme importance to 
society. The demand for more and better education is 
imperative. Few thinking people are bold enough to 
place limits on the utility of knowledge or to say what 
class in our social order or even what individual in the 
community does not need or would not profit by an 
education. This we know: the world in which a man 
lives is largely the product of his own mind. The only 

page four 

way to enrich his hfe, to increase his happiness and to 

make his career a success is to feed and develop his mind. 

The work of the Extension Department embraces: 

(a) Topical lectures by members of the University 
Faculties and Staffs of the affiliated colleges. Subjects: 
Literature, history, science, economics, nursing, public 
health, medicine. Biblical literature, archaeology and illus- 
trated travel talks. About 200 lectures are given each year. 

(b) Group lectures. These are given by the Depart- 
mental Staffs and are usually arranged for the benefit of 
reading clubs, literary societies and similar organizations 
where a group of people desire the same lecture series. 
The subjects covered are English literature, Canadian liter- 
ature, Canadian history, public health and natural science. 

(c) Special courses. These have been arranged for 
the benefit of groups of journalists, industrial workers, 
commercial travellers, nurses, etc., who desire either courses 
dealing with particular subjects or refresher courses for 
special purposes. 

(d) Educational assemblies. For several years the 
rural young people of Middlesex County have gathered at 
the University for a few days in June for the purpose of 
receiving lectures by members of the Faculty and getting 
inspiration and guidance in literary and scientific pursuits. 
In 1927, representatives in these groups came from all 
parts of Western Ontario. 

(e) Adult classes. Men and women have been organ- 
ized in groups of from thirty to forty each for the purpose 
of pursuing for one, two and three years, a systematic 
study of English literature, elementary English, economics, 
sociology, parliamentary law, public speaking, Canadian 
history, industrial history, etc. There are at present 
groups in London, Sarnia, Chatham, Ingersoll, Kitchener, 
Gait, Brantford, Preston and Stratford, or between three and 
four hundred men and women identified with this movement. 

page five 

The Extension Department has taken advantage of 
every opportunity available for the purpose of promoting 
pubHc education. It has cooperated with various organ- 
izations in the City of London and in the cities and towns 
of Western Ontario. Its efforts have been coordinated 
with those of the Boards of Education, Library Boards, 
women's clubs, teachers' guilds, farmers' associations and 
women's institutes. It has worked with the press in 
giving radio talks and with the library associations in 
giving encouragement to the reading of good books. At 
the present time suggested reading courses are being 
prepared. It is hoped that the library extension service 
may be so far developed that shortly it will be possible to 
place well selected lists of books and even the books 
themselves in the hands of any person in any part of 
Western Ontario who may desire assistance. 

The foregoing is merely a sketch of the work of the 
Extension Department. Competent investigators have 
stated that this Department stands second in efficiency 
and in development among the universities of Canada. 
It is safe to say that with an adequate budget appropriation 
the Extension Department would be able to do at least 
twelve times its present work. It has an exceptional 
opportunity for service. The people of Western Ontario 
are alive to the benefits of educational facilities and are 
clamoring for university assistance. 

Make brighter the modern lamp of knowledge for all men and all ivomen. 

page six 


TIk© ILfifcdiirfi©! 


fyRING it again to mind 
and consider faithfully 
what ye receive through books, 
and ye will find that books 
are, as it were, the creators 
of your distinction, without 
which other favorers would 
have been wanting. 

— Richard De Bury 


The Libraries 

of The University of Western Ontario 

By Professor Fred Landon, M. A. 

HE heart of a university is its library. The saying 
is old but the truth of it is ever new. Out from 
the world's libraries there flow constantly streams 
of knowledge which, guided by skilful hands, re- 
fresh, renew and give life to all human activities. This is 
particularly true of university libraries whose ideals are set 
forth and outlined in the very word "university" which at 
least suggests, if it does 
not actually mean, whole- 
ness and completeness. 

In the history of the 
University of Western 
Ontario, the develop- 
ment of its library re- 
sources has been one of 
the most striking indi- 
cations of its progress. 
From a collection of but 
a few hundred volumes 
therehas been developed 
in ten years a collection 
now numbering over 

75,000 volumes and in its medical section ranking probably 
third in Canada. Two factors have brought about this 
growth: first, a recognition by the University authorities 
that library expenditure was vital to the work of the in- 
stitution; and second, the numerous gifts of books made 
by friends of the University, the most outstanding being 
the presentation in 1918 by the late John Davis Barnett, 
of Stratford, of his collection of over 40,000 volumes. 

The Library of this University has several distinctions. 
It contains what is probably the best collection of books 

pofir liro 

relating to Shakespeare to be found in Canada. It has a 
most extensive collection of Canadian and American his- 
tory. It numbers among its treasures beautiful examples 
of the work of 15th century printers. It has been made a 
depository for several important collections of documentary 
material, notably the manuscript records of the Society of 
Friends in Canada. It contains hundreds of rare and valu- 
able pamphlets, together with numerous pictures and 

The worth of a library consists not alone in the value 
of its treasures but in the use which is made of its resources. 

page three 

For the five year period 1922-27 the number of books 
loaned from the general Library and from the Library of 
the Medical School is as follows: 


Medical School 

























When this is compared with the growth of the student 
body in the same five year period it will be found to have 
kept full pace. 

It may not be amiss to state the general purposes 
which a university library is designed to meet : 

1. To provide undergraduate students with 
those books which are required for their work in all 

2. To provide the university faculties with 
books and journals relating to their fields of in- 
struction, as well as those which will facilitate re- 

3. To meet the needs of extramural students 
and others, who, often remote from libraries, are 
pursuing definite lines of study. 

4. In the case of this particular University 
Library, to loan books to anyone who is engaged in 
serious study or who desires to read good books. 

The Library of the University of Western Ontario has 
always maintained a liberal policy in the loaning of its 

page four 

books. While keeping foremost the actual needs of Facul- 
ties and students, it has always been ready to assist any 
person following a line of study or who desired to read for 
self-improvement. The increasing emphasis now being 
laid upon adult education will tend to increase the calls 
upon the University from individuals and groups in Wes- 
tern Ontario. 

The promotion and encouragement of scientific re- 
search is not only a legitimate function of a university 
but also has very direct influence upon the character of its 
teaching. To this end it is the policy of the library to 
provide, as conditions permit, for the carrying on of re- 
search. This is particularly the case in the Medical School 
Library and it is of interest to recall that from a volume, 
borrowed from the Library of this University, Dr. Frederick 
G. Banting, gleaned the germ idea which by later de- 
velopment resulted in his discoveries concerning insulin. 

Wliat may we regard as the future needs of this Uni- 
versity with respect to its libraries.*^ 

First and foremost, adequate appropriations 
from year to year for the purchase of new books in 
all fields of knowledge as part of the equipment of 

In the second place, provision for the purchase 
of those books which, though older, form the back- 
ground of study, and for the purchase of complete 
sets of journals, particularly in medicine and the 
natural sciences, in which the research work of the 
past is preserved. 

page five 

Thirdly, the continued training and develop- 
ment of a library staff, well acquainted with the 
Library and able to acquaint others with the riches 
which it offers. 

In the fourth place, the ultimate provision of a 
separate building for the General Library of the 
University, with adequate reading and study 
rooms, generous stack accommodation for books 
and the requisite facilities for making the book 
resources of greatest use. 

The Libraries of the University should attract the 
interest and enlist the aid of many people. The great 
libraries of the world preserve for us the story of man's 
past and of his continual effort to advance. Few losses of 
war have been more lasting than the destruction of libraries 
and few have excited greater condemnation. Louvain's 
destruction illustrated this and its restoration since peace 
came has been viewed as an international duty. The 
intellectual strength of a nation may be measured in a 

degree by its libraries 
and the character of a 
university's work is very 
distinctly related to the 
provision which is made 
t^' i^BIL for bringing together 

and making available 
for study the books of 
the past and the present. 


Physical £du 

/tfil What avail the largest gifts of Heaven, 

■*^ When drooping health and spirits go am iss ? 

How tasteless then whatever can he given ! 

Health is the vital principle of bliss, 

And exercise of health. 

— Thomson : Caslle of Indolence 

Physical Education and Athletics 

at The University of W estern Ontario 

By John Gilbert Lang, B. P. E. 

Director of Physical Education 

^^^I^HE cure of organic disease is no part of the 
W J~ program of the expert in Physical Education. 
^» That is the function of the qualified medical 
practitioner. But there is a broad field between 
the absence of organic disease and the presence of robust 
health. At one of the great Universities on this continent 
it has been shown that, while 95 per cent, of the students 
are organically sound, only a small fraction of that 95 per 
cent, can be considered robust and healthy. Between 
these poles lies the realm of Physical Education: to make 
robust health the possession of all those who are free from 
organic deficiency. Faulty food habits, faulty health 
habits produce over-fatigue, nervous instability, and lack 
of control, which are the most prominent causes of failure 

not only among college students l)ul among men and 
women in the later fields of human activity. These can 
be prevented entirely or corrected before it is too late by 
the proper sort of instruction in health habits. 

The science of Physical Education, then, has for its 
objective the attainment through physical activity of 
health and physical efficiency. The processes by which 
this science seeks to attain its objective produce as by- 
products mental alertness, sturdy moral fibre, and, in a 
measure, social graces. None of these major or minor 
products are the gifts of the gods. They are the ultimate 
effects of consciously directed effort. The direction of 
this effort has become an essential factor of modern hifjher 

page two 

education, for a sound body is the recognized foundation 
of a sound mind. The University of Western Ontario 
through its Department of Physical Education seeks to 
the utmost of its abihty, in spite of inadequate faciUties, 
to direct the youth who come to it along the highway to 

The problem is attacked concretely as follows: all 
first and second year students are required to participate 
in at least two hours of regular physical activity each 
week. Each student is examined at the beginning of the 
University year and the form of activity best suited to his 
or her physical condition and personal preference is pre- 
scribed. The curriculum includes gymnastics, boxing, 
wrestling, basketball, volleyball, soccer, track and field 

page three 

work, group games, marching, calisthenics, tennis, folk 
dancing, ice and field hockey, rugby and baseball. It is 
felt that indulgence in these activities under proper auspices 
not only produces health, the principal purpose of the 
Department, but creates and develops an alertness of 
mind, an ability to cooperate, a capacity for leadership, 
and a love of fair play, self-sacrifice, loyalty, perseverance — 
in short everything that is best in the term "sportsmanship." 
The regular student annual program forces on the 
University authorities attention to the physical condition 
of the student. The average course demands of the 
student, if he is conscientious at all, as many as 44 hours 
per week, and several of the courses demand a great deal 

page Jour 

more than this ideal week of the various labor unions. 
The whole of this .44 -hour" program is indoors and the 
most of it sedentary work. ^ That a student under such 
circumstances needs physical activity, properly supervised 
and directed, should be self-evident. 

Competitive athletics are by no means the only impor- 
tant side of the physical activities of an institution of 
learning. But they have the misfortune of attracting the 
greatest amount of public notice, sometimes very much to 
the detriment of the real program of the Physical Education 
Department, which, as has been stated several times 
already, should aim to get all the physically fit into some 
form of activity. No University is strong enough to avoid 
making concessions to popular expectations, and we find 
that as early as 1905 organized athletics made their 
appearance at Western with interfaculty and city com- 
petitions. The war years were a dead time, but since the 
peace rapid development has taken place at Western 
as well as everywhere else. In 1924 the Basketball team 
won an intermediate championship and earned for the 
University admission to senior intercollegiate basketball, a 
recognition that was justified by the winning of the champ- 
ionship in 1927. The 1927 hockey team also reached the 
intermediate intercollegiate finals, only to be defeated by 
one goal in a "sudden death" game with the Royal 
Military College. 

Of all the sports, Rugby has undoubtedly made the 
greatest strides. In 1926 the team reached the inter- 
collegiate intermediate finals and in 1927 won the champ- 
ionship in that division in a most impressive manner, 
without the loss of a single game. 

For many years the girls have participated in contests 
with teams from Macdonald Hall (Guelph,) the University 
of Toronto, and similar institutions. In 1927 they were 
invited to join the women of the University of Toronto, 

page five 

Queen's University, and McCJill University in senior inter- 
collegiate tennis and basketball leagues. 

Obviously, in order that the work of the Department 
of Physical Education may be efficiently carried out, fields 
and buildings readily accessible and adequately equipped 
must be available. As far as the fields go, those at present 
in use on the I niversity campus are ideally situated and 
well-constructed. All that they need is more adequate 
seating accommodation for spectators and a suitable field 
house for the players of home and visiting teams. As 
much cannot be said for the buildings. ' At the present 
time all indoor physical work, with the exception of 
hockey, is carried on at the Y.M.C.A., the Armouries, and 
the Oxford Street Gymnasium. These buildings are froni 
one and one-half to three miles from the campus, and 
some of them (The Armouries and the Oxford Street 
Gymnasium) are not only inadequately equipped but 
entirely unsuitable for physical education work. 

A gymnasium for men and for women, with adequate 
swimming pools, would greatly facilitate the physical 
program and would be of material help towards the 
arrangement of the whole time-table of classes for the 
University College of Arts, because the time that is now 
lost in travelling from one centre of University life to 
another would be saved for active participation in the 
phvsical program features that attract the several groups, 
anil Ihe present staff of the Physical Educatitm Department 
would be enabled to give about twice as much time to 
actual supervision and instruction as they now find possible. 

A generous response to the Endowment Fund appeal 
from the people of Western Ontario, the source of more than 
90 per cent, of the students attending the University, will 
strengthen the Purple and White in its effort to achieve 
essential results in all the leuit imate lieldsof health education. 


®1F . 


HE best system of edu- 
cation is that which 
draws its chief support froyn 
the voluntary effort of the 
community, from the indi- 
vidual efforts of citizens, and 
from those burdens of taxa- 
tion which they voluntarily 
impose upon themselves. 

— Garfield 

The (^ost of education 

By K. P. R. NEVILLE, Ph.D., F.A.G.S. 

Dean of the Faculty of Arts and Registrar, 
The University of Western Ontario 

AOT SO many years ago the minimum of education for the 
man who wished to escape the charge of illiteracy was 
entrance to the High School. A change in the public 
attitude advanced this demand to the point where it was felt 
that a man ceased to be illiterate if he had certificates that showed 
him to have graduated from High School or matriculated to the 
University. The specially gifted in the old days used to go 
beyond High School entrance to take the full High School course, 
but to-day that gives the specially gifted no advantage over the 
average. Superior training now is understood to mean college 

The average development of the citizen demanded by the 
general dictates of the society of the hour must be provided by 
the State. It is universally admitted then to be right that our 
Public and High Schools be maintained not by payment of fees 
on the part of students but by the taxes of the municipality. 
There are those who urge further that also in the case of 

I Page One 

college training the whole of the tuition fees should be assumed by 
the State. This group, where successful, has caused the launching 
and the development of the Universities of the great common' 
wealths of the United States and the Provinces of Canada, where 
generous support for the Universities is given out of State taxa- 
tion and fees are kept at a minimum. 

At the other extreme stand those who insist that higher 
education is purely a luxury for which the students or their 
parents should pay one hundred cents on the dollar of costs. 
Then it is legitimate to charge every cent of disbursement to 
the presence of students to be taught, to the students present to 
be taught; if there were no students there would be no expen- 
diture. Let us see what this latter consideration would have meant 
at the University of Western Ontario during the session of 1926- 
27, the last year for which an audit is available. We find that the 
total operating expenses of the University for that year were 
$441,539.35. This amount would have to be paid by the number 
of students enrolled in University College of Arts, the Faculty 
of Medicine, and the Faculty of Public Health. The registration 

record shows that 
these students for 
the session under dis- 
cussion numbered 
833. They would 
therefore have to 
pay in tuition an 
average of $530.06 
for the year. This 
figure would presum- 
ably be somewhat 
lower in Arts and 
higher in Medicine. 

Stude'it Enrolment at "Western'^ 

























1918 1 f^ 

Bi 1 

?agf. Two I 

It seems to be reasonable to admit that the State has an interest 
in the better trained students from whose ranks largely will be 
recruited the future leaders of the State, and that the State should 
therefore contribute something towards the expenses of every 
institution of higher learning chartered within its boundaries. On 
the other hand, these future leaders of the State are in a position, 
after finishing their round of intramural education, to lay hold of 
the greater rewards of life. So it is a safe presumption that their 
education is a personal as well as a national gain. Some statistician 
has figured that a college education is worth $72,000 to the Uni' 
versity graduate during the years of his power to earn. The State 
then is under no obligation to do more than assume a fraction of 
the cost of this higher education. The question naturally arises, 
"What fraction"? 

If you will grant that it is a reasonable suggestion that the 
State should be responsible for half the funds for the maintenance 
of our institutions of higher learning, this would mean for the 
University of Western Ontario for the session of 1926-27 an aver' 
age fee per student of $265.03. 

If the University of Western Ontario assessed either $530.06 
or $265.03 as the average fee for the average year, one of two things 
would happen : either the student body would be recruited solely 
from those whose parents are wealthy, and some unusually worthy 
students would be denied the privilege of education, or the student 
body would move to the neighboring Universities where fees are 

Up to the present time the University of Western Ontario has 
depended for its annual operating expenses on student fees and 
provincial and municipal grants. There is no active revenue-pro' 
ducing endowment. The assistance from the Public Treasury 
would seem to have been generous both for capital and. 
current expenses. The Government officials say that income 

{ Page Three 

from this source cannot be increased. The fees were raised 
a couple of years ago to the level of the fees imposed at our 
sister Ontario Universities. So it seems impossible to look for a 
great expansion of income from this source. There remains then 
only the income from endowment which it is within the power of 
the University to expand, and that has to be expanded to meet 
the following situation: 

Total current expenses 
Provincial Grant ' ' 
City of London Grant 


' $250,000.00 

Fees paid (tuition, graduation and ex' 
amination fees) 


$386,675.57 386,675.57 

*$ 54,863.78 

A deficit in current expenditure of: ^ ^ ^ 

* This does not include 526,000 interest charges on capital overdraft 

This sum is the interest (at 5 per cent, which we are assured is a 
high return for a safe grade of security over a period of years) on 
$1,097,275.61, in round figures $1,100,000.00. But that cannot for 
an instant be considered an adequate capital endowment. It allows 
for no improvement in plant, no expansion in laboratory equipment, 
no proper extension of Library, no increase in staff, no promotion of 

Pcig; Four ] 

worthy members of the present staff, no superannuation provision 
for men who have worn themselves out in the University's service. 
No institution can live and maintain its independence in such an 
atmosphere. It is due for a stifled growth that will issue in total 

These figures assume that 12.43 per cent, of the operating ex- 
penses of the University will come from endowment. In many of 
the Universities on the continent that by general admission stand 
high in the University world this would be considered an entirely 
too small percentage of current revenue to expect from endow- 
ment. The following table is of interest: 

Income from 





t (current) 










































Montreal - 















Source ot figures: 

'Americin igures from "World Almanic, 1924-25." 

Canadian figures from "Annual Survey of Education in Canada, 1925." 

tAmerican figures from "Index Generalis, 1924-25." 

Canadian figures from "Annual Survey of Education in Canada, 1925." 

Note: — Income from Endowment was based on a 5 per cent, rate throughout. 

{ Page Fwe 

It will be seen from this compilation that in almost half 
the instances the income from endowment is very close to one- 
half the total expenditure of the institution. If these figures point 
in the right direction, we should expect from interest on endow- 
ment practically 50 per cent, of our annual expenditure, i.e. : 
$220,769.68, not simply the portion that is not paid by the provincial 
Government, the municipality of London and student fees, 
VIZ.: $54,863.78. 

What would that mean to "Western'' at the present time? A 
capital endowment fund of $4,415,393.60 now, in 1928, and not 
five, ten or fifteen years from now. 

The future of the University, however, will bring financial 
problems of its own day, without any inheritance of the unsolved 
problems of to-day. 

To-day the University needs the income from an endowment 
fund of at least two million dollars, to enable it simply to operate 
on the safe side. It looks with confidence to the people whom 
it serves to assist in creating that fund. 

Page Six }