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UNIVERSITY 
OF FLORIDA 
LIBRARY 




^University J^rcfiives 

George A. Smalhers Libraries 
University of Rorida 



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University Record 



Vol. XIV 



MAY, 1919 



No. 1 



Pablished qiiarterly by the University of Florida 
Gainesville, Florida 



University of Florida 

GAINESVILLE, FLORIDA 



t3B^^ 



Y 




Catalog 1918-19 

Announcements 1919-20 



KQtered September 6, 1906, at the PostoSice at GainesTiUe, Florida, as Beeond-claaa mall 
mattflri under Act of CongreSBi July 10, 1894 



University of Florida 

GAINESVILLE, FLORIDA 




Catalog 1918-19 

Announcements 1919-20 



CONTENTS 



Page 

UNIVERSITY CALENDAR 3 

ADMINISTRATIVE AND EXECUTIVE BOARDS 4 

OFFICERS OF THE UNIVERSITY 5 

STANDING COMMITTEES OF THE FACULTY 11 

MILITARY ORGANIZATION 12 

GENERAL INFORMATION - '. 13 

Recent Gifts 13 

History 14 

Location 17 

Income 17 

Equipment 18 

Government 25 

Honors 30 

Expenses 31 

Fellowships, Scholarships, and Loan Fund 33 

Alumni Association 35 

Student Organizations and Publications 35 

Admission 36 

ORGANIZATION 43 

GRADUATE SCHOOL 44 

COLLEGE OF ARTS AND SCIENCES 46 

COLLEGE OF AGRICULTURE 73 

College 73 

Experiment Station 95 

Division of University Extension 97 

COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING 109 

College 109 

Army Training School 124 

COLLEGE OF LAW 126 

TEACHERS COLLEGE AND NORMAL SCHOOL 138 

College 139 

Normal School 148 

Practice High School 155 

State High School Inspection 157 

Teachers' Employment Bureau 157 

Correspondence School 157 

University Summer School 158 

REGISTER 161 

Degrees and Honors 161 

Roll of Students 163 

Summary 183 

INDEX 18& 



^ 



UNIVERSITY CALENDAR 

1919-1920 

1919 — June 16, Monday Summer School begins. 

August 1, Friday Summer School ends. 

September 22, Monday Summer Recess ends. 

Examination for Admission. 
\ Registration of Students. 

I I September 23, Tuesday First Semester begins. 

ji| September 30, Tuesday Stockmen's Institute begins. 

October 4, Saturday, 1:30 p. m Re-examinations. 

2:30 p. m Meeting of General Faculty. 

October 6, Monday School for County Demon- 
stration Agents begins. 

October 14, Tuesday Citrus Seminar begins. 

November 27, Thursday Thanksgiving Holiday. 

December 1, Monday Boys' Club Week begins. 

December 19, Friday, 11 :30 a. m Christmas Recess begins. 

"i^ 1920 — January 3, Saturday Christmas Recess ends. 

"N January 5, Monday, 8:00 a. m Resumption of Classes. 

-X Review Courses for Teachers 

begin. 

January 6, Tuesday Ten-Day Courses for Farm- 

-j ers begin. 

\ February 7, Saturday First Semester ends. 

^ February 9, Monday Second Semester begins. 

February 21, Saturday, 2:30 p. m Meeting of General Faculty. 

March 6, Saturday, 1:30 p. m Re-examinations. 

June 5, Saturday, 2:30 p. m Meeting of General Faculty. 

June 6 to 8 Commencement Exercises. 

^ June 6, Sunday Baccalaureate Sermon. 

^^ ^ June 7, Monday Oratorical Contests. 

Annual Alumni Meeting. 
^* Class-Day Exercises. 

• June 8, Tuesday Graduating Day. 

^ June 9, Wednesday Summer Recess begins. 

June 14, Monday Summer School begins. 



fc^ 



VW'*:r\ 



UNIVERSITY OF FLORIDA 



BOARD OF CONTROL 

J. L. Earman, Chairman Editor, Palm Beach Post, West Palm Beack 

T. B. King President, First National Bank, Arcadia 

E. L, Wartmann .Planter and Stock Raiser, Citra 

J. B. Hodges Attorney-at-Law, Lake City 

J. T. Diamond Prin. Dist. Ag^r. School, Gonzalez 

Bryan Mack, Secretary to the Board Tallahassee 



STATE BOARD OF EDUCATION 

SYDNEY J. Catts, Chairman Governor 

H. Clay Crawford Secretary of Stat* 

J. C. LUNING State Treasurer 

Van C. Swearingen Attorney-General 

W. N. Sheats, Secretary State Superintendent of Public Instruction 



UNIVERSITY COUNCIL 

Albert A. Murphree, LL. D President of the University 

Jas. M, Farr, Ph.D. Vice-President of the University 

Jas. N. Anderson, Ph.D Dean of the College of Arts and Sciences 

P. H. Rolfs, M.S Dean of the College of Agriculture 

J. R. Benton, Ph.D Dean of the College of Engineering 

Harry R. Trusler, LL.B Dean of the College of Law 

Harvey W. Cox, Ph.D Dean of the Teachers College 



SUMMER SCHOOL BOARD 

W. N. Sheats, LL.D State Superintendent of Public Instruction 

A. A, Murphree, LL.D President University of Florida 

Edward Conradi, Ph.D President State College for Women 






OFFICERS OF THE UNIVERSITY 



OFFICERS OF THE UNIVERSITY 



ALBERT ALEXANDER MURPHREE, A.M., LL.D.,* 
President. 

JAMES MARION FARR, A.M., Ph.D. (Johns Hopkins), 
Professor of English Language and Literature. 

JOHN ROBERT BENTON, B.A., Ph.D. (Gottingen), 
Professor of Physics and Electrical Engineering. 

JAMES NESBITT ANDERSON, M.A., Ph.D. (Johns Hopkins),* 
Professor of Ancient Languages. 

CHARLES LANGLEY CROW, M. A., Ph.D. (Gottingen),* 
Professor of Modern Languages and Secretary of the General Faculty. 

PETER HENRY ROLFS, M.S., 
Director of the Experiment Station and Division of University Extension. 

WILBUR LEONIDAS FLOYD, B.S., M.S.,* 
Assistant Dean of the College of Agriculture and Professor of Botany 

and Horticulture. 

HERBERT GOVERT KEPPEL, A.B., Ph.D. (Clark) ,t 
Professor of Mathematics and Astronomy. 

JOHN MARCUS SCOTT, B.S., 
Vice-Director and Animal Industrialist to the Experiment Station. 

HERBERT SPENCER DAVIS, Ph.D. (Harvard), 
Professor of Zoology and Bacteriology. 

COLONEL EDGAR SMITH WALKER, U. S. A. (Retired), 
Commandant of Cadets and Professor of Military Science and Tactics. 

BAYARD FRANKLIN FLOYD, A.M., 
Plant Physiologist to the Experiment Station. 

. HARRY RAYMOND TRUSLER, A.M., LL.B., 
Professor of Law. 

JOSEPH RALPH WATSON, A.M., 

Entomologist to the Experiment Station. 

HARVEY WARREN COX, A.M., Ph.D. (Harvard),* 
Professor of Philosophy and Education. 



♦Also Summer Session 1918. fDied Oct. 5, 1918. 



6 UNIVERSITY OF FLORIDA 

HAROLD EDWIN STEVENS, M.S., 
Plant Pathologist to the Experiment Station. 

STANLEY E. COLLISON, M.S., 
Chemist to the Experiment Station. 

ROBERT WILLIAM THOROUGHGOOD, C.E. (Lehigh), 
Professor of Civil Engineering. 

CLAUDE HOUSTON WILLOUGHBY, B.Agr., 

Professor of Animal Husbandry and Dairying. 

CLIFFORD WALDORF CRANDALL, B.S., LL.B., 

Professor of Law. 

LUDWIG WILHELM BUCHHOLZ, A.M.,* 
Professor of Education and School Management. 

CHARLES KENNEDY McQUARRIE, 

State Agent in Charge of Farmers' Cooperative Demonstration Work 

and Farmers' Institutes. 

ARTHUR PERCEVAL SPENCER, M.S., 
Assistant Director of the Extension Division. 

RICHARD EDWARD CHANDLER, M.E., M.M.E. (Cornell), 
Professor of Mechanical Engineering and Draiving. 

NEWELL LeROY SIMS, A.M., Ph.D. (Columbia), 
Professor of Sociology and Political Science. 

JOHN EDWIN TURLINGTON, B.Agr., M.S., Ph.D. (CorneU), 
Professor of Agronomy. 

WILLLA.M STANMORE CAWTHON, A.M.,* 
Professor of Secondary Education and State High School Inspector. 

OTTO CLIFFORD AULT, A.B.,t 
Professor of History and Economics. 

JAMES MADISON CHAPMAN, D.O.,* 
Professor of Oratory and Public Speaking. 

JAMES WILLIAM NORMAN, A.B., A.M. (Harvard) ,t 
Professor of Education. 

EARL CASPAR ARNOLD, A.B., LL.B., 
Professor of Law. 

JOSEPH LLEWELLYN McGHEE, A.B., Ph.D. (Johns Hopkins),* 

Professor of Chemistry. 



*Also Summer Session 1918. f Absent on leave. 



OFFICERS OF THE UNIVERSITY 7 

ALFRED LEO BUSER, B.S.A., 
Professor of Physical Education and Director of Athletics. 

JOSEPH RICHARD FULK, A.M., Ph.D. (Nebraska),* 
Professor of Education and Supervisor of Practice Teaching. 

THOMAS MARSHALL SIMPSON, M.A., Ph.D. (Wisconsin), 
Professor of Mathematics. 

ALFRED D. St. AMANT, B.S., M.A., 
Acting Professor of History and Economics. 

JOHN SPENCER, D.V.S., 
Professor of Veterinary Science. 

FRAZIER ROGERS, B.S.A., 
Professor of Soils and Fertilizers. 

PERRY WILBUR FATTIG, B.S. in Ed., M.S.,* 
Professor of Agricultural Education. 

THOMAS QUIGLEY, 
Professor of Trade and Industrial Education. 

HENRY STORRS WEBB, M.S., 
Acting Professor of Electrical Engineering. 

WILLIAM SANFORD PERRY, A.B., M.S., 
Assistant Professor of Physics and Electrical Engineering. 

JAY JOHN GRIMM, B.S., 
Assistant Professor of Botany and Bacteriology. 

MISS IDA MAI LEE, A.B., 

Assistant Professor of Chemistry. 

GARVIN LEON HERRINGTON, B.S., 
State Agent for Boys' Clubs. 

EDWARD WALKER JENKINS, B. Pkd., 
District Agent for Farmers' Cooperative Demonstration Work in Centrai 

Florida. 

STEPHEN W. HIATT, 
District Agent for Farmers' Cooperative Demonstration Work in WeH 

Florida. 

MISS SADIE LEE VINSON, 

Editor of Agricultural News Service and Instructor in Charge of 

Correspondence Courses and Agricultural Journalism, 



*AIao Summer Session 1918. 



8 UNIVERSITY OF FLORIDA 

THOMAS DAEMON SMITH, B.S., 
Aasistant Professor of Civil Engineering. 

CHARLES R. CROSSETT, 1st Lieut., U. S. A., 
Assistant Professor of Military Science and Tactics. 

ALBERT H. LOGAN, V.S., 
Veterinary Inspector for the Extension Division. 

NATHAN W. SANBORN, M.D., 
Poultry Extension Specialist. 

LeROY HIGHFILL, 
Assistant Agent for Boys' Clubs. 

RAYMOND W. BLACKLOCK, 

Assistant Agent for Boys' Clubs. 

JOHN BERT THOMPSON, B.S., 
Specialist in Forage Crop Investigations for the Experiment Station. 

WILLIAM H. BLACK, B.S., 
Specialist in Beef Cattle Investigations for the Experiment Station. 

JOHN OMAR TRAXLER, 
Farm Help Specialist for the Extension Division. 

WILLIAM GOMME, 
District Agent for Farmers' Cooperative Demonstration Work in South 

Florida. 

EVELYN OSBORN, M.A., 
Assistant Entomologist to the Experiment Station. 

WILLLA.M BYRON HATHAWAY, A.B., B.D., M.A.,* 
Instructor in English, Latin and Spanish. 

MARTIN LYNN THORNBURG, B.S.M.E., 
Instructor in Mechanical Engineering. 

:,.._. AMERIGO RAFFAELE MARCHIO, 

Instructor in Wind and String Instruments and Director of Cadet Band. 

CHARLES ARCHIBALD ROBERTSON, A.B., 
•. ..•>;.• Instructor in English. 

THOMAS CRADDOCK FRYE, B.Ped., 
Fellow and Assistant in Education. 

LeROY D. HOUSEHOLDER, A.B., 

Fellow and Assistant in Education: 



*AIso Summer Session 1918. 



OFFICERS OF THE UNIVERSITY 

HENRY CECIL JOHNSON, 

Student Assistant in Mathematics. 

PAUL DOUGLAS CAMP, 
Student Assistant in Dairying. 

LOWELL MASON HODGES, 
Student Assistant in Agricultural Correspondence Court**. 

EARL BARBOUR PAXTON, 
Student Assistant in Physics. 

JOHN NASH WHITFIELD, 
Student Assistant in Electrical Engineering. 

HARRY REGINALD DeSILVA, 

Student Laboratory Assistant in Psychology. 

FRANK D. MILES, 
Student Laboratory Assistant in Psychology. 

WILLIAM VICTOR DeFLORIN 

Student Laboratory Assistant in Chemistry. 

ABRAHAM MAURICE WOLFSON, 
Student Laboratory Assistant in Chemistry. 

E. C. BECK, A.M.,* 
English Language and Literature. 

MRS. M. MAY BECK,* 
Story Telling and Child Literature. 

F. W. BUCHHOLZ, A.B.,* 

Latin. 

MISS MARGARET BURNEY, A.M.,* 
Mathematics and Methods. 

T. T. LINDSAY,* 

Manual Arts. 

W. B. JONES, A.M.,* 
English. 

MISS FRANCES KITTRELL,* 
Industrial Arts and Public School MvMc. 

B. B. LANE, A.M.,* 
History. 

MISS KATHERINE McCORMICK, A.B.,* 
Physical Education and Recreation. 



♦Summer Session 1918. 



10 UNIVERSITY OF FLORIDA 

MISS LAURA Mckenzie,* 

Primary Methods. 

MISS ISABEL MAYS,* 
Mathematics and Hygiene. 

THOS. S. STAPLES, A.M.,* 
Economics and History, 

EUGENE SWOPE, Ph.D.,* 
Bird Study. 

Wm. TYLER, B.C.S.,* 
Commercial Courses and Penmanship. 

F. G. WETZEL,* 
Biology and Physics. 



KLEIN H. GRAHAM, 
Auditor and Purchasing Agent. 

MISS CORA MILTIMORE, B.S., 
LibraT^n. 

THOMPSON VAN HYNING, 
Curator of Museum and Librarian to the Experiment Station. 

MRS. AGATHA WALSH, 
Librarian to the Law College. 

MISS WILLIE B. ELLIS, A.B., 
Registrar. 

MRS. S. J. SWANSON, 
Matron. 

MISS MARY McROBBIE, 
Graduate Nurse in Charge of the Infirmary. 

MRS. MARGARET PEELER, 
Housekeeper. 

MISS ELEANOR G. SHAW, 
Secretary to the Experiment Station. 

MISS LENA R. HUNTER, 
Assistant to the Auditor. 

HERBERT M. WILLLAMS, 
Bookkeeper and Caahisr. 



•Summer Se^ion 1918. 



STANDING COMMITTEES 11 



STANDING COMMITTEES OF THE FACULTY 

The President of the University is ex officio a member of all Standing 

Committees. 

ADMISSION 

Professors Farr, Cawthon, Davis, Ault, Crandall, and Simpson. 

ALUMNI 

Professors Cawthon, Anderson, Floyd, Arnold, and Smith. 

ATHLETICS 
Professor Grimm, Buser, Cox, Ault, Thoroughgood, and Thomburg. 

DISCIPLINE 

Professors Crandall, Walker, Cawthon, McGhee, and Spencer. 

GRADUATE WORK 

Professors Anderson, Farr, Rolfs, Benton, Trusler, and Cox. 

LIBRARY 

Professors Sims, Farr, Chandler, Fulk, and Simpson. 

PUBLICITY 

Professors Willoughby, Arnold, Hathaway, Fattig, and Thomburg. 

SCHEDULE 

Professors Thoroughgood, Turlington, McGhee, Norman, and Perry. 

PUBLIC FUNCTIONS 
Professors Davis, Walker, Grimm, Spencer, and Rogers. 

SELF-HELP 
Professors Floyd, Buchholz, Chandler, Arnold, and Turlington, 

STUDENT ORGANIZATIONS 

Professors Buchholz, Willoughby, Sims, Fulk, and Perry. 

STUDENT PUBLICATIONS 

Professors Trusler, Benton, Crow, and Farr. 

UNIVERSITY PUBLICATIONS 
Professors Crow, Norman, Hathaway, Fattig, and Thomburg. 



12 



UNIVERSITY OF FLORIDA 



MILITARY ORGANIZATION 

Colonel E. S. Walker, U. S. Army, Retired, 
Professor of Military Science and Tactics. 

First Lieutenant Chas. R. Crossett, U. S. Army, 
Asst. Professor of Military Science and Tactics and A. Q. M. 

FIELD, STAFF, AND NON-COMMISSIONED STAFF 

S. A. B. Wilkinson Major 

J. A. Franklin First Lieutenant and Adjutant 

B, F. Whitner First Lieutenant and Quartermaster 

H. R. DeSilva. Sergeant Major 

H. H. Bushnell Quartermaster Sergeant 

E. B. Paxton Color Sergeant 

Company "A" Company "B" 

Captains: Ralph A. Stoutamire H. R. Stringfellow 

First Lieutenants: W. W. Gunn C. J. Hardee 

Second Lieutenants: M. N. Yancey H. C. Warner 

Additional Lieutenants : P. D, Camp, Instructor R. E. Nolan, 

Rifle Practice Asst. Instructor 

First Sergeants: E. H. Hurlebaus T. D. Williams 

Sergeants: H. F. Bache J. N. Ticknor 

S. G. Kent A. K. Bishop 

C. S. Thomas S. C. Hansen 

S. W. Hollinrake C. W. Bartlett, Jr. 

J. B. Booth J. D. Almond 

C. L. DeVane W. R. Catlow 

Corporals: W. V. DeFlorin L. J. Tatom 

M. Hubbard J. G. Clemons 

G. W. Hartmann D. G. Meighen 

W. L. Gleason C. C. Coxe 

C. A. Clutz W. a. McKey 

W. G. Wells B. E. Archer 

J. W. Bryce C. E. Duncan 

H. C. Johnson D. B. Knight 

H. O'Bryant R. H. Hughes 

Field M-usic: A. E. Schneider P. W. Stinson 



BAND 

A. R. Marchio, Leader, W, H. Zeder, Assistant Leader. 

W. S. Fuller, First Sergeant and Drum Major. 

Sergeants — W. D. Hartt, L. B. Pratt. 

Corporals — W. H. Glass, N. B. Bartlett, J. H. McDonald. 

Musicians — W. E. Blount, F. P. Cooper, P. A. Graham, P. G. Gregory, 

W. T. Hendry, C. D. Johnson, R. P. Redman, G. B. Sessions, 

J. D. SuNDY, C. L. Walker. 



RECENT GIFTS 18 



GENERAL INFORMATION 



RECENT GIFTS 

Many of the state educational institutions of the South 
— ^among them those of Florida — have in recent years received 
substantial gifts. The University feels confident that its 
friends will continue to help in its upbuilding. All gifts, of 
whatever nature or value, will be gratefully acknowledged. 

Chair of Secondary Education. — This opportunity is taken 
of acknowledging the annual gift by the General Education 
Board, of New York, of seventeen hundred and fifty dollars 
($1,750) toward the establishment and maintenance of a Pro- 
fessorship of Secondary Education. 

Instructorship of Spanish and South American Affairs. — 
The University gratefully acknowledges the gift from the Car- 
negie Foundation for International Peace of twelve hundred 
dollars ($1,200), used in securing the services of a teacher of 
Spanish and of "South American Affairs" in the 1915-1918 
sessions of the Summer School. 

Instructorship of Bird-Study. — Thanks are tendered the 
National Association of Audubon Societies for the courses in 
Bird-Study offered thru its instrumentality during the past 
four summers. 

Scholarships. — No method of contributing to the spread of 
higher education is more beneficent than to make it possible 
for a worthy but poor young man to attend his state univer- 
sity. The establishment of several scholarships is gratefully 
acknowledged — see pages 34 and 77. 

The University here renders reverent and grateful homage 
to the memory of a former student, Arthur Ellis Ham, who 
left his studies to enter the first Officers' Training Camp. 
From this he was graduated with the rank of captain. After 
months of gallant service "Somewhere in France", he fell in 
battle at St. Mihiel on Sept. 14, 1918. 

His will provided that one half of his military insurance 
should go to Smith College, of which his widow, Mrs. Eliza- 
beth C. Ham, is a graduate, and the other half to the Univer- 
sity, to be used in establishing at each of these institutions "a 



14 UNIVERSITY OF FLORIDA 

scholarship for the annual benefit of some needy and deserving 
student". Mrs. Ham at once generously sent checks for the 
full amount, five thousand dollars ($5,000) each, to Smith and 
to Florida. The Board of Control gratefully accepted the 
bequest, and the Faculty, in its resolutions of sympathy and 
thanks, added that the scholarship should be known as the 
"Arthur Ellis Ham Memorial Scholarship". 

Willoughby Memorial Scholarship. — The parents of Paul 
Lanius Willoughby, a Junior student in the Science course, 
who died of pneumonia at the University on Dec. 2, 1918, 
while serving in the Student Army Training Corps, offer for 
the session of 1919-20 in memory of their son, a scholarship of 
$150.00, payable in equal installments during the College year, 
to the most deserving advanced student specializing in Chem- 
istry, to be selected by the Professor of Chemistry and the 
President of the University. Further details of this scholar- 
ship and application blanks for same may be obtained from 
the President or Registrar. 

The University tenders its sympathy to Mrs. Bruce B. 
Munsell in the death of her husband. Dr. Warren A. Munsell, 
of Green Cove Springs, and at the same time expresses thanks 
for her gift to the University of his library. 

HISTORY 

Florida has always manifested interest in higher education, 
and with this in mind has formulated many plans and estab- 
lished many institutions. As early as 1824 the foundation of 
a university was discussed by the Legislative Council. In 1836 
trustees for a proposed university were named, but apparently 
accomplished nothing. (Memoirs of Florida, 1,168.) 

Upon its admission to the Union in 1845, the State was 
granted by the general government nearly a hundred thou- 
sand acres of land, the proceeds from which were to be used 
to establish two seminaries, one east and one west of the 
Suwannee River. This led to the foundation, at Ocala, in 1852 
of the East Florida Seminary and of the West Florida Semi- 
nary, at Tallahassee, in 1856. The former of these institutions 
was, however, removed in 1866 to Gainesville. The State 
Constitution of 1868 contained provisions for establishing and 
maintaining a university (Art. VIII, Sec. 2), pursuant to 
which the Legislature passed the next year "An Act to Estab- 



HISTORY 16 

lish a Uniform System of Common Schools and a University". 
Other attempts to establish a university were made in 1883 by 
the State Board of Education and in 1885 by the Legislature. 
Furthermore, the State Constitution, adopted later in the year 
1885, expressly permitted special legislation with regard to a 
university. 

Meanwhile, in 1870, the Legislature had, in accordance 
with the terms of the "Land-Grant College" Act of Congress 
of 1862, passed "An Act to Establish the Florida Agricul- 
tural College". An Act supplementary to this being passed in 
1872, the State received from the general government ninety 
thousand acres of land in support of the proposed college. A 
site for the institution was selected in 1873 and again in 1875. 
No educational work having been accomplished in the "tempo- 
rary college edifice" at its second location, the trustees ap- 
pointed a committee in 1878 to decide upon a more suitable 
situation. Not until 1883 was the third site selected — this 
time, Lake City. Here in the autumn of 1884 the work of 
instruction was finally begun. An attempt was made in 1886 by 
this institution to have its name changed to the "University of 
Florida", a title it finally secured by the Legislative Act of 
1903. Before this, in 1887, the Florida Agricultural Experi- 
ment Station had, in accordance with the terms of the Hatch 
Act, been established as one of its departments and three years 
later the provisions of the Morrill Act provided a substantial 
increase in its annual income. 

During these years, in addition to the three mentioned, 
three other institutions of higher education, all depending 
upon the State for support, had come into existence. These 
were the Normal School, at DeFuniak Springs, the South 
Florida College, at Bartow, and the Agricultural Institute, in 
Osceola County. In 1905, however, inasmuch as these six 
institutions had failed to make satisfactory differentiation 
among themselves and to separate their work sufficiently 
from that of the high schools of the State, and inasmuch as the 
cost of maintaining all seemed disproportionate to the results 
obtained, the Legislature passed the "Buckman Act", the 
practical effect of which was to merge the six into the "Florida 
Female College" and the "University of the State of Florida". 
In 1909 an Act of the Legislature changed the name of the 



16 UNIVERSITY OF FLORIDA 

one to the "Florida State College for Women", of the other to 
the "University of Florida". 

During the first session of the University a distinct Nor- 
mal School, which included two years of Sub-Freshman grade, 
was maintained. In addition to this, instruction was given 
in agriculture and in engineering, as well as in the usual col- 
legiate branches. Candidates for admission to the Freshman 
class must have finished the eleventh grade of a high school. 
The Agricultural Experiment Station was a separate division, 
altho members of its Staff gave instruction to the students 
and the President of the University acted as its Director. The 
next year the Staff of the Agricultural Experiment Station 
were required to devote their time exclusively to Station 
activities, and Mr. P. H. Rolfs was elected Director. The Nor- 
mal School was abolished and instruction in pedagogy was 
transferred to the University proper. Two years of Sub- 
Freshman work were, however, still offered. 

Upon the election in 1909 of Dr. A. A. Murphree to the 
presidency, steps were taken to reorganize the University. 
The present organization dates from 1910. The College of 
Law was added in 1909 and the departments offering instruc- 
tion mainly to normal students were organized into a college 
in 1912. In 1913 the present entrance requirements went 
into effect. The same year a Summer School was established 
at the University by Act of the Legislature and the Farmers' 
Institute Work of the University and the Cooperative Demon- 
stration Work for Florida of the United States Department 
of Agriculture were combined. On July 1, 1915, all the agri- 
cultural activities of the University were placed under the 
direction of the Dean of the College of Agriculture. 

Immediately after the United States entered the World 
War the entire equipment of the University was placed at the 
disposal of the Government. The ranks of the students were 
depleted because of the large number who volunteered for 
service. During the summer of 1918 the College of Engineer- 
ing was operated as the "University of Florida Army School", 
for the vocational training of successive detachments of sol- 
diers. At the opening of the session of 1918-1919 all the 
regular activities of the University were subordinated to the 
task of training men for the armed forces of the United States. 
Besides two companies in the "Vocational Unit", there were 



INCOME 17 

a naval division and two full infantry companies of the Stu- 
dent Army Training Corps. On Dec. 14, 1918, upon the 
mustering out of the S. A. T. C, the University again took up 
its regular work, altho it made liberal allowance in credits to 
students for the interruption of their studies caused by mili- 
tary service. During the whole period of the war many of 
the Faculty were individually active in Government work or in 
the various Red Cross, United War Work, and like campaigns. 

LOCATION 

On the 6th day of July, 1905, acting under powers con- 
ferred by the Buckman Act, the State Board of Education and 
the Board of Control, in joint session, selected Gainesville as 
the location for the University. During the scholastic year 
of 1905-06, it was found necessary to carry on the work of 
the University at Lake City. Since the summer of 1906 the 
institution has occupied its present site. 

The advantages that Gainesville presents as the seat of 
the University are numerous. It is centrally located and easy 
of access. It has well-paved, lighted, and shaded streets, an 
exceptionally pure water supply, and a good sewerage system. 
The citizens are energetic, progressive, and hospitable. The 
moral atmosphere is wholesome and for years the sale of 
intoxicants has been prohibited by law. The leading religious 
denominations have attractive places of worship. 

INCOME 

The annual income of the University, apart from Legisla- 
tive appropriations, is derived principally from the following 
Federal grants: (a) The "East Florida Seminary Fund", 
amounting to about two thousand dollars ($2,000) ; (b) the 
"Agricultural College Fund" bonds, yielding about seventy- 
seven hundred dollars ($7,700) ; (c) one-half of the "Morrill 
Fund", amounting to twelve thousand five hundred dollars 
($12,500) ; (d) one-half of the "Nelson Fund", yielding twelve 
thousand five hundred dollars ($12,500). The total income 
thus derived amounts to thirty-four thousand seven hundred 
dollars ($34,700). 

For the support of the Agricultural Experiment Station 
the Federal government makes two annual grants: (a) the 



18 UNIVERSITY OF FLORIDA 

"Hatch Fund" and (b) the "Adams Fund". Each of these 
amounts to fifteen thousand dollars ($15,000) . 

See also Recent Gifts, Fellowships and Scholarships, Loan 
Fund, and Division of University Extension. 

EQUIPMENT 
GROUNDS AND BUILDINGS 

The University occupies a tract of six hundred and four 
acres, situated in the western extremity of Gainesville. Ninety 
acres of this tract are devoted to campus, drill-grounds, and 
athletic fields; the remainder is used by the College of Agri- 
culture. 

The University is one of the few institutions in the United 
States that made plans before laying the foundation of a single 
building for all future development of the campus, as far as 
this could be foreseen. Consequently the campus presents an 
harmonious appearance. The liberality of the State has per- 
mitted the erection of buildings as fast as they were needed. 
They are lighted with electricity, supplied with city water, and 
furnished with modern improvements. These buildings are: 

The two Dormitories, Thomas Hall and Buckman Hall, 
brick and concrete structures, three stories in height, sixty feet 
in width and three hundred and two hundred and forty feet, 
respectively, in length. They are built in fireproof sections, 
each containing twelve suites of dormitory-rooms and on each 
floor of each section a shower-bath, lavatory, and toilet. 

The Mechanic Ar'ts Shop, a one-story brick building, sixty 
feet long and thirty feet wide, with a wing thirty feet long 
and twenty feet wide. It is used at present as woodshop, black- 
smith-shop, and foundry. 

Science Hall, a brick and concrete building of two stories 
and a finished basement, one hundred and thirty-five feet long 
and sixty-six feet wide. It contains the classrooms and labora- 
tories of the Departments of Chemistry and of Biology and 
Geology. 

The Agricultural Experimerit Station Building, a brick and 
concrete structure of three stories and a finished basement, one 
hundred and twenty-five feet long and sixty feet wide. It con- 
tains the offices and laboratories of the Station. 

Engineering Hall, a brick and terra-cotta structure, three 
stories high, one hundred and twenty-two feet long and sev- 



EQUIPMENT 19 

enty-three feet wide, with two one-story wings. One wing is 
used for boilers and machine-shop, the other (one hundred and 
eighty feet long by forty feet wide) is designed for woodshop, 
blacksmith-shop, and foundry. Engineering Hall provides 
offices, classrooms, laboratories, and drafting-rooms for the 
Departments of Civil, of Electrical, and of Mechanical En- 
gineering, and of Physics, and of Mechanic Arts. 

The Agricultural College Building, a brick and concrete 
structure, three stories high, one hundred and fifteen feet long 
and sixty-five feet wide. It provides for classrooms, labora- 
tories, and offices for the College, and for Extension Work. 

The University Commons, a brick building of one story and 
basement, one hundred and fourteen feet long and forty-two 
feet wide, with a wing forty-nine feet long and twenty-seven 
feet wide. It provides a large dining-hall and kitchen. A 
wooden annex, one hundred and twenty feet long by sixty feet 
wide, was added, during the existence of the S. A. T. C, for 
the accommodation of the Vocational Unit. 

Language Hall, a brick and stone structure of three stories, 
one hundred and thirty-five feet long and sixty-six feet wide. 
It is the home of the College of Arts and Sciences and provides 
classrooms and offices for the Departments of Languages, His- 
tory and Economics, Mathematics, and Sociology and Political 
Science, together with the administrative offices of the Uni- 
rersity. In the basement are the book stores and the offices 
and presses of the Alligator. 

George Peabody Hall, erected at a cost of forty thousand 
dollars ($40,000), the gift of the Peabody Board of Trust. 
It is a brick building, three stories high, one hundred and 
thirty-five feet long and seventy-two feet wide. It provides 
for the Departments of Education and Philosophy and for 
Teacher Training Work. The general library of the Univer- 
sity is at present in this building. 

The College of Law Building, a brick and stone structure 
of two stories, one hundred and twenty feet long and seventy 
feet wide. It contains an auditorium, model court-room, lec- 
ture-rooms and offices, library, reading and consultation 
rooms, cataloguing room, and quarters for the Marshall Debat- 
ing Society. 

Auditorium and Gymnasium, a brick and stone structure 
of two stories (one of which is mezzanine) and basement, one 



20 UNIVERSITY OF FLORIDA 

hundred and six feet long and fifty-three feet wide. It is 
heated by steam, is fully supplied with hot water, and is well 
lighted and ventilated. The main floor is used as an auditorium 
and gymnasium. A gallery extending around the whole room 
provides space for the spectators at gymnastic exhibitions. 
The basement contains a director's room, rooms for both the 
University and visiting teams, locker-rooms, shower-baths 
and toilets. Adjacent is a swimming pool, thirty-six feet long, 
twenty-four feet wide, and from four and a half to seven feet 
deep. 

During the existence of the S. A. T. C, the Vocational 
Unit erected some wooden buildings, the most important of 
which are : 

Two Barracks, each of two stories, sixty feet long and 
forty feet wide, and each accommodating sixty-six men. In 
close proximity are shower-baths and latrines. 

A Garage, one hundred and twenty feet long, and well ar- 
ranged for repair work. 

Value. — The value of the property used for the work of 
the University is about $700,000. 

LIBRARY 

The general Library contains about 20,000 volumes. Ad- 
ditional books are purchased as fast as funds are available. 
An effort is being made to place on the shelves all books ex- 
tant relating to Florida history. 

The books are catalogued and shelved according to the 
Dewey system, making them readily available for reference. 
Students are encouraged to use the card catalogs, which are 
arranged alphabetically, both according to authors and to 
subjects, and by free access to the stacks to become familiar 
with the books themselves. The librarian or an assistant 
is in attendance to explain the arrangement of books and 
to aid in reference work. A taste for literature and informa- 
tion is being developed in many students who, before entering 
the University, have not had access to a good library. 

As a designated depository of Federal documents, the 
Library receives each year several hundred volumes of valu- 
able government publications. Files are kept of all Florida 
State publications and of the bulletins and reports of the 
Agricultural Experiment Stations thruout the Union. 



EQUIPMENT 21 

In the reading-room are one hundred and thirty of the best 
general and technical periodicals. The back numbers of these 
are bound and kept on file and the early volumes purchased 
whenever they can be obtained and funds permit. Here also 
are received the leading newspapers of the State. County 
papers are added to the list at the request of students. 

The technical departments possess special libraries, housed 
in their respective buildings, but accessible to all members of 
the University. 

MUSEUM 

The University Museum occupies rooms in Science Hall. 
Its functions are to embody the material of a State museum ; 
to collect and preserve a complete representation of the his- 
tory of the State of Florida, both natural and civil : the natural 
history to be represented by collections of the minerals, the 
flora, and the fauna; the civil by material illustrating the 
advancement of civilization in the State, together with the 
economic natural resources. 

The collections include more than two hundred and fifty 
mounted birds, six hundred bird skins, about one hundred bird 
nests, and nearly eight hundred sets of bird eggs, nearly five 
hundred snakes and lizards, about seventeen thousand shells, 
ten thousand prehistoric Indian relics, several thousand fos- 
sils, about one hundred casts of rare fossils, about one hundred 
minerals, more than two thousand insects, and a number of 
historic relics. 

The Museum is open to students and the public every week- 
day afternoon from one-thirty to five, during which hours the 
curator will be pleased to meet and assist visitors. 

LABORATORIES 

The following laboratories are maintained by the Univer- 
sity: 

The Agricultural Laboratories and the other agricultural 
equipment will be found fully described under the General 
Statement of the College of Agriculture. 

The Botanical Laboratory contains enough dissecting mi- 
croscopes and instruments and Bausch and Lomb compound 
microscopes, magnifying from 80 to 465 diameters, for the 
individual use of the students ; a Zeiss binocular microscope ; a 
large compound miscroscope of very high power; two demon- 



22 UNIVERSITY OF FLORIDA 

stration microscopes; and a Mcintosh stereopticon, with pro- 
jection microscope attachment. For work in histology there 
are hand microtomes, section knives, a sliding microtome. 
Miller's paraffin bath, and a supply of reagents, stains, and 
mounts ; for studies in physiology there are germination boxes, 
nutrient jars, an osmometer, a clinostat, etc. An herbarium 
has been started, to which students each year add specimens, 
which they collect, identify, and mount. A case of reference 
books and periodicals is in the laboratory within easy reach. 

The Chemical Laboratory is equipped with the apparatus 
and material necessary for instruction in general inorganic 
and organic, analytical and industrial chemistry, as well as 
for advanced work. It contains two delicate balances, a latest 
model polariscope, microscope and spectroscope, ample plat- 
inum ware (crucible dishes, electrodes, wire, and foil) and 
many special pieces of apparatus for illustrating, upon the lec- 
ture table, chemical principles. The equipment is modem in 
every respect and can be used to the best advantage. 

The Dynamo Laboratory, providing for practical instruc- 
tion on electrical machinery, occupies a portion of Engineering 
Hall. The principal machines are a 10-KW Type ACS General 
Electric synchronous converter, a 25-KW General Electric 
Type IB direct current generator, a 1-HP Westinghouse Type 
R motor, a 1-KW synchronous motor, and two 2-KW Westing- 
house Type S dynamos, designed to be used either as genera- 
tors or as motors. The switchboard panel for each machine is 
placed near it, but is connected to terminals on a main distri- 
bution board for the whole laboratory. Power is supplied by 
a 10-HP single phase Wagner induction motor, connected vidth 
the city alternating current supply and driving the main shaft 
of the laboratory. The various machines are driven from this 
shaft, and can be thrown in or out by friction clutches. 

The laboratory is also supplied with transformers, several 
types of arc lamps, and numerous measuring instruments of 
different ranges, chiefly of Weston make. 

The Geological Laboratory contains the U. S. Geological 
Survey Educational Series of rocks. Students of historical 
geology are provided with a collection of fossils illustrating 
the distribution and development of organisms. For the study 
of mineralogy there is a blowpipe collection of one hundred 
selected mineral species, an accessory blowpipe collection of 



EQUIPMENT 23 

miscellaneous minerals, a collection of fifty natural crystals, 
and a reference collection of choice mineral specimens. 

The Physical Laboratory is well equipt with apparatus 
and meets the needs of such undergraduate work in physics as 
is usually carried on in the best American colleges. 

The entire third story of Engineering Hall is devoted to 
the department of physics, as well as a lecture-room on the 
second story, seating 147, and provided with projection lan- 
tern. The quarters on the third story include a main laborar 
tory, 53 by 27 feet ; an electrical laboratory, 42 by 26 feet ; an 
optical room, 22 by 15 feet, arranged so as to be effectively 
darkened; an office and private laboratory, 26 by 19 feet; a 
workshop and apparatus room, 42 by 19 feet; a classroom, 
24 by 22 feet ; and a number of storerooms. Water, gas, and 
several electrical circuits are led to all of the rooms. 

The Psychological Laboratory occupies six rooms on the 
first floor of Peabody Hall and is well equipt for class dem- 
onstrations, and for carrying on experimental and research 
work. As demand arises new equipment will be added. In 
addition to the apparatus for the regular experimental work, 
the laboratory is equipt for carrying on mental and physical 
tests in connection with the work in educational psychology 
offered by the Teachers College. 

The Zoological and Bacteriological Laboratories are well 
equipt for the work of instruction. In addition to the neces- 
sary glassware and reagents, there are a number of high-grade 
microscopes ; dissecting microscopes ; two microtomes, one for 
celloidin, the other for parafl[in sectioning ; paraffin bath ; ster- 
ilizers, both wet and dry; warm and cool incubators; dark- 
ground illuminator ; balances ; centrifuge ; breeding cages ; an- 
atomical preparations and models ; a number of the Leukart- 
Chun zoological wall charts ; one Leitz large compound micro- 
scope with mechanical stage and a full set of apochromatic ob- 
jectives; and one Bausch and Lomb projecting lantern with 
accessories. The departmental library contains a number of 
the current periodicals, as well as the more important text- 
books and reference works. 

ENGINEERING 

The Mechanical Engineering Laboratory has a large and a 
small vertical steam engine, a pressure blower, a fan blower, 
a boiler feed pump, indicators, steam gauge testers, and ther- 



24 UNIVERSITY OF FLORIDA 

mometer testers. The large water tube boilers installed for 
the heating plant are also available for testing purposes. 

The Testing Laboratory has a 50,000-pound Riehle machine 
for testing the tensile, compressive, and transverse strength 
of materials, and a cement testing-machine with the necessary 
accessories. These machines are useful for testing materials 
used in road construction. 

The Computing-Room is furnished with all necessary 
tables and a library of about two hundred reference books for 
use in connection with the work of the mechanical laboratories 
and drafting-room. 

The Drafting-Room is equipt with substantial oak desks 
and possesses the necessary minor equipment to accommodate 
classes of twenty-four students. It has been carefully de- 
signed for its purpose and is a model of its kind. 

Surveying Instruments. — These consist of three survey- 
or's compasses; three wye and two dummy levels, and one 
precision level; two plain and four stadia transits, of which 
three are equipt with attachments for solar and star obser- 
vations; one complete plane-table; and the necessary rods, 
chain, tapes, and minor apparatus. 

Shops. — The Wood Shop is provided with lockers, equipt 
with a full set of tools for bench work, such as chisels, squares, 
saws, gauges, etc. The wood-working machinery consists of 
nine wood-turning lathes, a planer, a rip-saw, band-saw, and 
trimmer. 

The Machine Shop is equipt with an 18-inch Cady lathe, 
a 11-inch Seneca Falls lathe, a drill press, a Gray planer, a 
No. 1 Brown & Sharpe Universal milling machine, a Spring- 
field shaper, a small Barnes lathe, a 16-inch Reed lathe, three 
emery wheels, grindstone, vises, and tools. 

The Forge Shop is equipt with six power-blast forges, one 
hand forge, six anvils, and a large supply of tools. 

ATHLETIC 

The institution has provided a hard-surfaced athletic field, 
including football gridiron, baseball diamond, with grand- 
stand and enclosed field, and ample tennis-court facilities. A 
basket-ball court and concrete swimming-pool are also located 
on the campus. 



GOVERNMENT 25 

GOVERNMENT 

ADMINISTRATION 

Board of Control. — The general government of the Uni- 
versity is vested by law in a Board of Control consisting of 
five members from various parts of the State, appointed, each 
for a term of four years, by the Governor of Florida. 

The Board of Control appoints the President and, upon his 
nomination, elects members of the Faculties, directs the gen- 
eral policies of the University, and supervises the expenditure 
of its funds. The Board also prescribes the requirements for 
admission, with the advice of the President and Faculties, and 
upon their recommendation confers degrees. 

President. — The direct administration of all affairs of the 
University is in the hands of the President. 

Deans. — As executive head each coydge of the Univer- 
sity has a Dean, appointed f rofn the Faculty of tliat college. 
These officers are responsible: t6' the President. . .' 

University CouNCK..--Th'e President and the yice-Pres>,> 
dent of the University; '^iid the Dqans^cf thcseVerai colleges 
form a council of administration, with the following functions : 
To lay out new lines of work, inaugurate new enterprises in 
general, and to prepare the annual budget; and to act as the 
judicial body of the General Faculty on cases of general dis- 
cipline not under the authority of the colleges, on new courses 
of study and changes in existing courses, bringing these mat- 
ters before the Board of Control, and on questions of college 
action referred to it by any member of the General Faculty. 

Faculties. — The General Faculty includes all persons en- 
gaged in the work of instruction in the University, except labo- 
ratory and undergraduate assistants. Under the leadership of 
the President, it forms the governing body in all general mat- 
ters of instruction and discipline. 

The Faculty of a college consists of those members of the 
General Faculty who give instruction in it. Under the leader- 
ship of its Dean, it forms the governing body in matters of 
instruction and discipline in its college. 

regulations 

Supervision. — An Officer in Charge, occupying quarters 
in one of the dormitories, has immediate supervision of the 
general life of the student-body. 



28 UNIVERSITY OF FLORIDA 

Offenses Against Good Conduct. — Any offense against 
good conduct, in the ordinary meaning of the word, renders 
a student liable to discipline, whether or not a formal rule 
against the offense has been published. 

The following offenses will be treated with special sever- 
ity: Disrespect to an officer of the University; wanton de- 
struction of property ; gambling ; drunkenness ; having intoxi- 
cating liquors or revolvers in possession on the University 
grounds. 

The use of intoxicating liquors at student functions of any 
kind, by student groups, or by individual students, either on 
or off the campus, is strictly forbidden. 

Hazing. — No form of hazing will be tolerated in the Uni- 
versity and no student will be assigned to a room in a dormi- 
tory until he has been matriculated and has signed the fol- 
lowing, pledge: • ,, ,i .' ^ ,, 

, "I hereby promise upijin npy- .y)ord of honor, without any 
Mcntted reservation whatsoever,. iu refrain from all forms of 
'hazing vihile,,! am connected with tU§ University of Florida** 

Absewce5.-!-tA $>^.ud«3ut who accun^iilates ten unexcused ab- 
sences from classes, or three unexcused absences from drill, 
will be given a severe reprimand and parent or guardian will 
be notified. Two additional unexcused absences will cause the 
student to be dismissed from the University. Ten unexcused 
absences from Chapel will subject all students, except Seniors 
and those in the College of Law, to the same penalty. 

Attendance Upon Duties. — A student who, without good 
cause, persistently absents himself from his University duties, 
is, after due warning, dishonorably dismissed for the re- 
mainder of the academic year. A student who, by reason of ill 
health or outside demands upon his time, finds it impossible to 
give regular attention to his University duties, is requested to 
withdraw ; but such request does not in any way reflect upon 
his good standing. 

Delinquencies in University duties are reported to the 
Registrar, who brings them to the attention of the students 
concerned and requires a prompt explanation to be made. 
Careful records of all delinquencies are kept. 

STUDIES 

Assignment to Classes. — Every student must appear b^ 
fore the Dean of his college at the beginning of each academic 



GOVERNMENT 27 

year for assignment to classes. No instructor has, except as 
authorized by the Dean of his college, authority to enroll a 
student in any course. 

Choice of Studies. — The choice as to which one of the 
various curricula is to be pursued rests with the individual 
student, subject to considerations of proper preparation ; but 
the group of studies selected must be that belonging to one of 
the regular years in the chosen curriculum exactly as an- 
nounced in the catalog, unless special reasons exist for de- 
viating from this arrangement. A student will, however, be 
held to the requirements of the catalog under which he en- 
tered. 

Conditions. — A student who is prepared to take up most 
of the studies of a certain year in a regular curriculum, but 
who is deficient in some studies, will be permitted to proceed 
with the work of that year subject to the condition that he 
make up the studies in which the deficiency occurs. Provi- 
sion for all of the lower studies must be made before any of 
the higher may be taken; in the event of conflicts in the 
schedule or of excessive quantity of work, higher studies must 
give way to lower. 

Quantity of Work. — A minimum and maximum num- 
ber of recitation hours (or equivalent time in laboratory 
courses) per week are prescribed in each college and no 
student may take fewer than the minimum or more than the 
maximum, except by special permission of the Faculty of his 
college. Not counting Military Science, these numbers are: 
In the College of Arts and Sciences and in the College of Law, 
15 and 18; in the College of Agriculture, 16 and 23; in the 
College of Engineering, 16 and 21; and in the Teachers Col- 
lege, 15 and 19. 

Two hours of laboratory work are considered equivalent to 
one hour of recitation. 

Extra Studies. — Students may be allowed, under certain 
conditions, to take more hours of work than are prescribed. 
The regulations governing this vary in the different colleges ; 
in every case special permission must be secured from the 
Dean of the college in which the student is registered. 

Changes in Studies. — After a student is registered, he 
is not permitted to discontinue any class or to begin any 
additional one, without written permission from the Dean of 



28 UNIVERSITY OF FLORIDA 

his college, which must be shown to the instructor involved. 
If the student has been registered for two weeks, he will not 
be permitted to make any such change, except at the be- 
ginning of the second semester, without the payment of a 
fee of two dollars ($2.00). 

Grades and Reports. — Each instructor keeps a record of 
the quality of work done in his classes and monthly assigns 
each student a grade, on the scale of 100. This grade is 
reported to the Registrar for permanent record and for entry 
upon a monthly report to the student's parent or guardian. 

If the monthly grades of a student are unsatisfactory, he 
may be required to drop some of his studies and substitute 
those of a lower class, or he may be required to withdraw from 
the University. 

Examinations.— Examinations on the ground covered are 
held at the end of each semester. 

Failure in Studies. — A final grade for each semester's 
work is assigned, based upon the examination and the monthly 
grades. If this grade falls below 75, the student is considered 
to have failed and may proceed only subject to a condition in 
the study in which failure has occurred. 

Re-examinations. — A student who has failed in the work 
of a semester is allowed, in case his grade does not fall below 
60, to make up the condition by re-examination, on the first 
Saturday of March or the first Saturday of October. Only 
one re-examination in any subject is allowed ; in case of failure 
to pass this, the student must repeat the semester's work in 
that subject. 

Degrees. — The special requirements for the various de- 
grees offered by the University will be found under the Gen- 
eral Statement of the Graduate School and of each of the five 
colleges. The following regulations apply to all colleges: 

While pursuing studies leading to a degree a student must 
be registered in the college offering that degree. 

Two degrees of the same rank, as, e.g., B.S.C.E. and 
B.S.E.E., will not be conferred upon the same individual, un- 
less the second degree to be conferred represents at least fif- 
teen hours of additional work. 

Special Students. — Students desiring to take special 
courses will be allowed to take those classes for which they 
may be prepared. Such students are subject to all the laws 



GOVERNMENT 29 

and regulations of the University. Special courses do not 
lead to a degree. 

The University permits special courses to be taken solely 
in order to provide for the occasional exceptional requirements 
of individual students. Abuse of this privilege, for the sake 
of avoiding regular studies that may be distasteful, cannot be 
tolerated. Accordingly, no minor is permitted to enter as a 
special student except upon written request of his parent or 
guardian. Minor special students must, except as provided 
for in the College of Agriculture, offer fourteen units for 
admission. 

Adult Specials. — Persons 21 years of age or over who 
cannot offer all the entrance requirements, but give evidence 
of serious purpose and of ability to profit by the courses they 
may take, may, under exceptional circumstances, be admitted 
as "Adult Specials". Such students appear before the Com- 
mittee on Admission for enrollment and are not excused from 
military duty; altho, if more than twenty-three years of age, 
they may, under certain conditions, secure exemption (see 
Department of Military Science and Tactics, College of Arts 
and Sciences) . 

When Special Students make up their deficiencies they 
may become regular students and candidates for a degree. 

Classification of Irregular Students. — A student is 
deemed to belong to that class in which the majority of his 
hours of work lies. But a special student is not considered as 
belonging to any of the regular classes. 

ATHLETIC TEAMS, MUSICAL AND OTHER CLUBS 

Absences on Account of Athletics, etc. — The members 
of regular athletic teams, of musical and of other student 
organizations, together with necessary substitutes and man- 
agers, are permitted to be absent from their University duties 
for such time, not to exceed nine days per semester, as may 
be necessary to take part in games, concerts, etc., away from 
Gainesville. All class-work missed on account of such trips 
must be made up, as promptly as possible, at such hours as 
may be arranged by the various professors. 

Schedules. — Schedules of games, concerts, etc., must be 
arranged so as to interfere as little as possible with Uni- 
versity duties. Schedules of games must receive the approval 



30 UNIVERSITY OF FLORIDA 

of the Committee on Athletics ; schedules of concerts, of dra- 
matic entertainments, etc., the approval of the Committee on 
Student Organizations. 

All regular games will be played under the rules of the 
Southern Intercollegiate Athletic Association. 

Eligibility to Athletic Teams, Musical Clubs, etc.— 
Any team or club representing the University must be com- 
posed exclusively of students in good standing, altho the Com- 
mittee on Student Organizations has the power to waive this 
regulation in the case of dramatic and musical organizations. 
Negligence of duties, or failure in studies, excludes a student 
from membership in all such organizations. 

No minor student is permitted to play on any regular ath- 
letic team, if his parent or guardian objects. A list of players 
and substitutes must be submitted to the Committee on Ath- 
letics before each game and must receive its approval. 

Finances. — The general Faculty has made the following 
rules : 

All student organizations desiring to collect funds for any purpose 
whatsoever on the campus must, unless such organizations be under 
other Faculty control, first secure written permission from the Committee 
on Student Organizations. 

No profits are to be taken by the officers of any student organiza- 
tion that makes its appeal for funds on the basis of its being a University 
enterprise. 

At least once a year student organizations engaging in financial 
operations must have their accounts audited by the Committee on 
Student Organizations and must publish in the Alligator a statement 
of their receipts and expenditures. 

HONORS 

Phi Kappa Phi.— A chapter of the Society of Phi Kappa 
Phi was established at the University during the spring of 
1912. To be eligible for membership a student must have 
been in attendance at the University for at least three sem- 
esters, have been guilty of no serious breaches of discipline, 
have had at least three years of collegiate training, be within 
one year of finishing a course leading to a degree, and stand 
among the first fourth of the Senior class of the University, 
The numerical grade which must be attained is based on all 
college work, whether done here or elsewhere, for which the 
student receives credit towards a degree. 

Medals. — Medals are offered (1) to the best declaimer in 
the Freshman and Sophomore classes and for the best orig- 



EXPENSES 31 

inal orations delivered (2) by a member of the Junior, and by a 
member of the Senior class. The contests are settled in public 
competition at Commencement. The speakers are limited to 
four from each class and are selected by the Faculty. 

EXPENSES 

University Charges. — Tuition. — A tuition fee of forty 
dollars ($40.00) per year is charged every student registered 
in the College of Law. In the other colleges a student whose 
legal residence is in Florida is subject to no charge for tuition ; 
a student who is not a legal resident of the State is required 
to pay a tuition fee of twenty dollars ($20.00) per year. 

Registration and Contingent Fee. — This fee of ten dol- 
lars ($10.00) per year is charged all students, except one 
scholarship student from each county in Florida and all gradu- 
ate students pursuing work leading to a higher degree than 
that of Bachelor. These two classes of students are charged 
five dollars ($5.00). 

The scholarships referred to are to be obtained from 
County Superintendents of Public Instruction and must be 
filed with the auditor on the day of registration. 

An additional fee of two dollars ($2.00) is required of 
students who enter after the day scheduled for registration. 

Damage and Laboratory Fee. — In order to secure the Uni- 
versity against damage, and to pay for materials used by stu- 
dents in laboratory courses, the sum of five dollars ($5.00) is 
charged. No part of this fee will be refunded to students 
taking laboratory courses. 

Damage known to have been done by any student will be 
charged to his individual account. 

Infirmary Fee. — A student whose parent or guardian does 
not reside in Gainesville, is charged an infirmary fee of three 
dollars ($3.00) . This secures for the student, in case of illness, 
the privilege of a bed in the infirmary, necessary medicines, 
and the services of the resident nurse. 

Board and Lodging. — Board, lodging, and janitor service 
will be furnished by the University at a cost of seventy dol- 
lars ($70.00) for the first semester, not including the Christ- 
mas vacation, and seventy-five dollars ($75.00) for the second 
semester.* To get advantage of this rate, payment must bo 



♦Subject to change, if the high prices of food and labor continue. 



32 UNIVERSITY OF FLORIDA 

made at the beginning of each semester. In very exceptional 
cases arrangements may be made to pay in three equal instal- 
ments. No refund will be made for less than a month's absence. 
Board and lodging when not engaged by the semester will be 
furnished at twenty dollars ($20.00) per month. 

Under Board and Lodging are included meals in the com- 
mons and room (with heat, light, janitor service, and access 
to a bathroom) , furnished as stated below. The doors of the 
rooms are provided with Yale locks. A deposit of 50 cents is 
required for each key, which will be returned when the key 
is surrendered. Janitor service includes the care of rooms by 
maids, under the supervision of a competent housekeeper. 

Board without Lodging. — Board without lodging will be 
furnished at the rate of $16.00 per calendar month, payable 
in advance. No part of this sum will be refunded. 

Furniture. — All rooms are partly furnished and adjoin 
bathrooms equipt with marble basin and shower with both 
hot and cold water. The furniture consists of two iron bed- 
steads and mattresses, chiffonier or bureau, table, wash-stand, 
and chairs. The students are required to provide pillows, bed- 
ding, half-curtains, and mosquito-bar. 

Uniform. — Students in the military department are re- 
quired to provide themselves with the prescribed uniform, 
which is furnished under contract. This uniform may be worn 
at all times. The total cost is about $31.00. 

Books. — The cost of books depends largely upon the course 
taken, but is, in no case, a large item of expense, tho in the 
higher classes the student is encouraged to acquire a few 
works of permanent value. 

Summary. — The following statement summarizes the min- 
imum expenses of a Florida student registered in any college 
save in that of Law : 

Tuition $000.00 

Registration and Contingent Fee 10.00 

Damage and Laboratory Fee 5.00 

Infirmary Fee 3.00 

Board and Lodging 145.00 

Uniform (about) 31.00 

Books (about) 10.00 

Incidentals (laundry, athletic, literary society, 

etc., dues), about 20.00 

$224.00 



FELLOWSHIPS S8 

Students who are exempt from buying uniforms will de- 
duct $31.00 from the above table; those from other States will 
add a tuition fee of $20.00 ; those enrolled in the R. O. T. C. 
will receive from the Government : 

Commutation of Subsistence, Clothing, etc. — See Depart- 
ment of Military Science and Tactics, College of Arts and 
Sciences. 

Remittances. — All remittances should be mude to th» 
Auditor, University of Florida, Gainesville, Fla. 

Opportunities for Earning Expenses. — It is often pos- 
sible for a student to earn a part of his expenses by working 
during hours not required for his University duties. 

A few students are employed as waiters in the commons, 
as janitors, and in some other capacities. Such employment 
is not, as a rule, given to a student unless he is otherwise 
financially unable to attend the University, nor is it given to 
one who fails in any study. 

While the employment of students is designed to assist 
those in need of funds, the payment for their services is in 
no sense a charity. The rate of remuneration is no higher 
and the standard of service demanded is no lower than would 
be the case if the work were done by others than students. If a 
student employee fails to give satisfaction, he is promptly dis- 
charged. Otherwise he is continued in his position as long 
as he cares to hold it, provided it is not found to interfere with 
reasonable success in his studies and provided he does not com- 
mit any breach of good conduct. 

Great credit is due those willing to make the necessary 
sacrifices, nevertheless students are advised not to undertake 
to earn money while pursuing their studies, unless such action 
is unavoidable. Proper attention to studies makes sufficient 
demand upon the time and energy of a student, without the 
burden of outside duties; such time as the studies leave free 
can be spent more profitably in recreation. 

FELLOWSHIPS, SCHOLARSHIPS, AND LOAN FUND 

Fellowships. — In order to encourage young teachers to 
prepare themselves further for their work by taking graduate 
courses in Education, three Teaching Fellowships, each paying 
$200.00 annually, have been established. 

Application for a fellowship must be made in writing to 

8 



34 UNIVERSITY OF FLORIDA 

the Dean of the Teachers College or to the President of the 
University. It must show that the applicant is a college 
graduate and has ability to profit by the work offered, and 
must be accompanied by testimonials as to his character. 

A Fellow must devote himself to studies leading to the 
Master's degree in Education. He will be expected to teach 
four or five hours per week in the Practice High School, under 
the direction and supervision of the Teachers College, for 
which he will receive two hours' credit. He may be called upon 
for minor services, such as conducting examinations and teach- 
ing review classes, but not for anything that would interfere 
with his graduate work. 

Scholarships. — Thru the generosity of friends, the Uni- 
versity is able to offer five scholarships (see also College of 
Agriculture) . Application for a scholarship should be made to 
the President of the University and should be accompanied by 
a record of the student's work, statement of his need, and 
testimonials as to his character. To secure a scholarship : 

(a) The student must actually need this financial help to enable 
him to attend the University. 

(b) He must be of good character and habits and sufficiently far 
advanced to enter not lower than the Freshman class. 

1. Children of the Confederacy Scholarship. — Established 
and maintained by the Florida Branch of the Children of the 
Confederacy. For the grandson of a Confederate soldier. 
Value, $132.00. 

2. United Daughters of the Confederacy Scholarship. — 
Established and maintained by the U. D. C. of the State at 
large. For the grandson of a Confederate soldier. Value 
$132.00. 

3. Knight and Wall Scholarship.* — Established and main- 
tained by the Knight and Wall Company, hardware dealers, 
of Tampa. Value, $200.00. 

4. Willoughby Memorial Scholarship. — See Recent Gifts, 
page 14. 

5. Arthur Ellis Ham Memorial Scholarship. — See Recent 
Gifts, page 13. "For the annual aid of some needy and de- 
serving student." 

Loan Fund. — William Wilson Finley Foundation. — As a 
memorial to the late President Finley and in recognition of 



*For particulars, address the Superintendent of Public Instruction, Hills- 
boro County, Tampa, Fla. 



STUDENT ORGANIZATIONS 35 

his interest in agricultural education, the Southern Railway 
Company has donated to the University the sum of one thou- 
sand dollars ($1,000), to be used as a loan fund. Students 
benefiting by this fund must enter the College of Agriculture. 
For particulars address the Dean of the College of Agri- 
culture. 

ALUMNI ASSOCIATION 

At the close of the Commencement exercises in 1906 the 
graduates of the year organized an Alumni Association. All 
graduates of the University and the graduates of the former 
institutions who have had their diplo7nas confirmed by the 
University are eligible for membership. 

Further information concerning the Association may be 
had by addressing any one of the officers: President, B. R. 
Colson ; Vice-President, L. P. Hardee ; Secretary and Treasurer, 
W. L. Floyd— all of Gainesville, Fla. 

STUDENT ORGANIZATIONS AND PUBLICATIONS 

Y. M. C. A.— The Y. M. C. A. seeks to promote the ideal of 
the University, that every man should have a strong body, a 
trained mind, and a Christian experience in order that he may 
go forth prepared to meet the problems of life. 

Clean wholesome athletics are fostered. Efficiency in the 
classroom is urged, and systematic Bible study is promoted 
thruout the University. Under the leadership of the General 
Secretary the best available ministers and laymen are brought 
before the student-body to the end that they may become 
acquainted with the problems of today. 

The Y. M. C. A., in carrying forward this work, deserves 
the support of every student, alumnus, and parent. 

Literary and Scientific Societies. — See General State- 
ment of each of the five colleges of the University. 

Orchestra. — The orchestra plays for Chapel exercises and 
furnishes special music on Fridays. It also accompanies the 
University Minstrels on its annual tour. 

Glee and Mandolin Clubs. — The Glee Club develops 
ability in part-singing and gives much pleasure by adding 
variety to the Friday morning exercises. The Mandolin Club, 
composed of mandolins, guitars, and similar instruments, while 
complete in itself, joins the Glee Club in its annual tour. 

Military Band. — The Military Band adds much to the 



S6 UNIVERSITY OF FLORIDA 

effectiveness of parades. It makes several excursions during 
the year to neighboring towns, and has an annual trip of 
nearly a week with the University Minstrels. 

Publications. — Beginning with the session of 1909-10 each 
Senior class has published an illustrated annual, known as 
the "Seminole". 

The "Florida Alligator" is a weekly newspaper owned and 
controlled by the student-body. Its editorial articles discuss 
University problems from the viewpoint of the undergradu- 
ates. It seeks the support of the alumni, who find in it the 
best means of keeping in touch with the University. 

ADMISSION 

Terms. — ^A candidate for admission must present, along 
with his scholastic record, a certificate of good moral character, 
and, if he be from another college or university, the certificate 
must show that he was honorably discharged. 

No candidate under 16 (18 in the College of Law) years of 
age will be admitted. 

Methods. — There are two methods of gaining admission: 

(1) By Certificate. — The University will accept certifi- 
cates from the approved Senior high schools of Florida ; from 
accredited academies and preparatory schools of the State ; and 
from any secondary school of another state which is accredited 
by its state university. 

The certificate must be officially signed by the principal of 
the school attended. It must state in detail the work of 
preparation and, in the case of Florida high schools, that the 
course thru the twelfth grade has been satisfactorily completed. 

Blank certificates, conveniently arranged for the desired 
data, will be sent to all high-school principals and, upon 
application, to prospective students. 

(2) By Examination. — Candidates not admitted by cer- 
tificate will be required to stand written examinations upon 
the entrance subjects. For dates of these examinations, see 
University Calendar, page 3. 

Requirements. — "Entrance Units." — The requirements 
for admission are measured in "Entrance Units", based upon 
the curriculum of the high schools of Florida. A unit repre- 
sents a course of study pursued thruout the school year with 
five recitation periods (two laboratory periods being counted 



ADMISSION 37 

as one recitation period) of at least forty-five minutes each 
per week, four courses being taken during each of the four 
years. Thus the curriculum of the standard Senior high 
school of Florida is equivalent to sixteen units. 

Number of Units. — Admission to the Freshman class will 
be granted to candidates who present credentials showing that 
they have been graduated from a standard Senior high school 
with a four-year curriculum based upon an eight-year gram- 
mar-school course, or who present evidence of having com- 
pleted courses amounting to sixteen units of preparatory work. 

In no case will credit for more than sixteen units be given 
for work done at a high school. 

These requirements are equal to fifteen "Carnegie Founda- 
tion" or "National Educational Association" units. 

Distribution of Units. — Of the units required for admission, 
ten (eight in the College of Law) are specified and six (eight 
in the College of Law) are elective. Eight of the specified 
units are required in common by all the colleges of the Uni- 
versity, while the remaining two vary. 

UNIVERSITY REQUIREMENT 

English 3 units 

Mathematics 3 units 

History 1 unit 

Science 1 unit 

COLLEGE OF ARTS AND SCIENCES 

COLLEGE OF AGRICULTURE* 

TEACHERS COLLEGE 

A, B. Curriculum 
Latin „ 2 units 

B. S. Curriculum 
One Foreign Language 

or I 
History I ^ 2 units 

and I 

Science ) 

COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING 



Mathematics 1 unit 

History 1 

or > „ 1 unit 

Science ) 



*A3. Curriculum not offered in College of Agriculture. 



38 UNIVERSITY OF FLORIDA 

LIST OF ELECTIVE SUBJECTS 

Botany % or 1 unit 

Chemistry 1 unit 

**Engineering Practice 4 units 

English 1 unit 

Latin 4 units 

History 2 units 

Mathematics 1 unit 

Modern Languages — French or Spanish 2 units 

Physical Geography 1 unit 

Physics 1 unit 

Zoology % or 1 unit 

Elective Units. — These are to be chosen from the list of 
electives given below and from other subjects regularly taught 
in a standard high school. Not more than four of these units 
will be accepted in vocational subjects — agriculture, mechanic 
arts, stenography, typewriting, etc. 

Deficiencies. — A deficiency of two units will be allowed a 
candidate, but must be removed by the end of the first year 
after admission. 

Students who have registered for a University study will 
not be allowed to make up an entrance condition by examina- 
tion in this subject, unless the examination be taken at the 
time of re-examinations in October of the same school-year. 
The University credit may, however, be used as a substitute 
for entrance credit. 

DESCRIPTION OF UNIT COURSES 

English. — Four units. — The required work in English is 
designed to cover three years. It is urged that the exercises in 
Composition and the use of the Classics be continued thruout 
this time. No candidate will be accepted whose work is 
notably defective in spelling, punctuation, idiom, or division 
into paragraphs. 

(1) Grammar. — A thoro knowledge of English Gram- 
mar, both in its technical aspects and in its bearings i»ipon 
speech and writing. 

(2) Composition and Rhetoric. — The fundamental prin- 
ciples of Rhetoric as given in any standard high-school text; 
and practice in Composition, oral and written, during the 
whole period of preparation. 

(3) Classics. — The English Classics generally adopted by 
schools and colleges. The work includes: 



** 



Only for admission to the College of Engineering. 



ADMISSION 8» 

I. Study and Practice. — This presupposes the thoro study 
of the works selected. The examination will be upon subject- 
matter, form, and structure. The candidate may be required 
to answer questions involving the essentials of grammar and 
the leading facts in the periods of English history to which 
the prescribed texts belong. 

II. Reading.— A number of books will be assigned for 
reading (see list subjoined). The candidate will be required 
to write a paragraph or two on each of several topics to be 
chosen from a considerable number — perhaps ten or fifteen- 
set before him in the examination paper. This is designed to 
test the candidate's power of clear and accurate expression 
and will call for only a general knowledge of the substance of 
the books. The candidate must also be prepared to answer 
simple questions on the lives of the authors. 

Study. — One book to be selected from each of the four 
groups. 

I. Shakespeare. — Julius Caesar. Macbeth. Hamlet. 

II. Milton: L'AUegro, II Penseroso, and either Comus or Lycidaa. 
Tennyson: The Coming of Arthur, The Passing of Arthur, and The 
Holy Grail. Selections from Wordsworth, Keats, and Shelley, in Book 
IV of Palgrave's Golden Treasury (First Series). 

III. Burke: Speech on Conciliation with the Colonies. Macaulays 
Speech on Copyright; and Lincoln: Cooper Union Address. Washington: 
Farewell Address; and Webster: Bunker Hill Oration. 

IV. Carlyle: Essay on Burns; and Selections from Bums' Poems. 
Macaulay: Life of Johnson. Emerson: Essay on Manners. 

Reading. — At least two books to be selected from each of 
the five groups, except as otherwise provided under Group I. 

I. The Old Testament (comprising at least the chief narrative epi- 
sodes in Genesis, Exodus, Joshua, Judges, Samuel, Kings, and Daniel, to- 
gether with the books of Ruth and Esther). The Odyssey (with the 
omission, if desired, of Books I, II, III, IV, V, XV, XVI, XVII). The 
Iliad (with the omission, if desired, of Books XI, XIII, XIV, XV, XVII, 
XXI). The Aeneid. 

For any selection from Group I a selection from any other group may 
be substituted. The Odyssey, Iliad, and Aeneid should be read in English 
translations of recognized literary merit. 

II. Shakespeare. — A Midsummer Night's Dream. The Merchant of 
Venice. As You Like It. Twelfth Night. The Tempest. Romeo and 
Juliet. King John. Richard the Second. Richard the Third. Henry the 
Fifth. Coriolanus. *Julius Caesar. *Macbeth. *Hamlet. 

(*If not chosen for study.) 

III. Malory: Morte d' Arthur (about 100 pages). Bunyan: Pil- 
grim's Progress, Part I. Swift: Gulliver's Voyages to Lilliput and to 
Brobdingnag. Defoe: Robinson Crusoe, Part I. Goldsmith: Vicar of 
Wakefield. Scott: Any one novel. Jane Austen: Any one novel. Maria 
Edgeworth: Castle Rackrent, or The Absentee. Francis Burney (Ma- 
dame d'Arblay): Evelina. Dickens: Any one novel. Thackeray: Any 
one novel. George Eliot: Any one novel. Mrs. Gaskell: Cranford. 



40 UNIVERSITY OF FLORIDA 

Kingslcy: Westward Ho! or Hereward the Wake. Reader The Cloister 
and the Hearth. Blackmore: Loma Doone. Hughes: Tom Brown's 
School Days. Stevenson: Any one of the novels out of copyright. 
Cooper: Any one novel. Poe: Selected Tales. Hawthorne: Any one of 
the novels out of copyright. 

IV. Addison and Steele: The Sir Roger de Coverly Papers; or Se- 
lections from The Tatler and The Spectator. Boswell: Selections from 
the Life of Johnson (about 200 pages). Franklin: Autobiography. Irv- 
ing: Selections from The Sketch Book (about 200 pages); or the L'fe of 
Goldsmith. Southey: Life of Nelson. Lamb: Selections from the Essays 
of Elia (about 100 pages). Lockhart: Selections from the Life of 
Scott (about 200 pages). Thackeray: Lectures on Swift, Addison, and 
Steele in The English Humorists. Macaulay: One of the following 
essays: Lord Clive, Warren Hastings, Milton, Addison, Goldsmith, Fred- 
eric the Great, Madame d'Arblay. Trevelyan: Selections from Life of 
Macaulay (about 200 pages). Ruskin: Sesame and Lilies; or Selections 
(about 150 pages). Dana: Two Years Before the Mast. Lincoln: Se- 
lections. Parkman: The Oregon Trail. Thoreau: Walden. Lowell: 
Selected Essays (about 150 pages). Holmes: The Autocrat of the 
Breakfast Table. Stevenson: Inland Voyage, and Travels with a Don- 
key. Huxley: Autobiography and Selections from Lay Sermons (in- 
cluding the addresses on Improving Natural Knowledge, A Liberal Edu- 
cation, and a Piece of Chalk). 

V. Palgrave: Golden Treasury (First Series), Books II and III, 
with special attention to Dryden, Gray, Cowper, Burns, and Collins; Book 
IV, with special attention to Wadsworth, Keats, and Shelley (if not 
chosen for study). Goldsmith: The Traveller, and The Deserted Vil- 
lage. Pope: The Rape of the Lock. A Collection of English and Scot- 
tish Ballads (as, for example, Robin Hood Ballads, The Battle of Otter- 
bume, King Estmere, Young Beichan, Bewich and Grahame, Sir Patrick 
Spens, and a selection from later ballads). Coleridge: The Ancient Mari- 
ner, Christabel, and Kubla Khan. Byron: Childe Harold, Canto III or 
IV; and The Prisoner of Chillon. Scott: The Lady of the Lake or 
Marmion. Macaulay: The Lays of Ancient Rome; The Battle of Naseby; 
The Armada; Ivry. Tennyson: The Princess; or Gareth and Ljmette, 
Lancelot and Elaine, The Passing of Arthur. Browning: Cavalier Tunes, 
The Lost Leader, How They Brought the Good News from Ghent to Aix, 
Home Thoughts from Abroad, Home Thoughts from the Sea, Incident of 
the French Camp, Herve Riel, Pheidipp'des, My Last Duchess, Up at a 
Villa— Down in the City, The Italian in England, The Patriot, "De Gusti- 
bus". The Pied Piper, Instans Tyrannus. Arnold: Sohrab and Rustum, 
and The Forsaken Merman. Selections from American Poetry, with 
special attention to Poe, Lowell, Longfellow, and Whittier. 

(4) Histm-y of American Literature; History of English 
Literature. — One unit, elective. — The fourth year of the high- 
school course in English usually covers the above subjects. 

MATHEMATICS. — Four units. — 

(1) Algebra. — First Year. — One unit. — The elementary 
operations, factoring, highest common factor, least common 
multiple, fractions, simple equations, inequalities, involution, 
evolution, and numerical quadratics. This is supposed to rep- 
resent the work of one year in the high school. 

(2) Algebra. — Second Year. — One unit.* — Quadratic 



*This represents only on© half -unit on the Camegie-tmit scale. 



ADMISSION 41 

equations, ratio and proportion, the progressions, imaginary 
quantities, the binomial theorem, logarithms, and graphic 
algebra. This is supposed to represent the work of the second 
year in algebra in the high school. 

(3) Pla7ie Geometry. — One unit. 

(4) Solid Geometry. — One-half unit. 

(5) Plane Trigonometry. — One-half unit 
History. — Four units. 

(1) Ancient History, with particular reference 

to Greece and Rome 1 unit 

(2) European History since Charlemagne 1 unit 

(3) English History 1 unit 

(4) American History 1 unit 

A year's work based on a good textbook of at least 300 or 
400 pages is required in the case of each of the above divi- 
sions. The student should know something of the author of 
the textbook used and give evidence of having consulted some 
works of reference. 

Latin. — Four units. — At least four years' work in this 
study is required to cover the four units. The minimum for 
each year is as follows : 

(1) First Year. — One unit. — A first year Latin book, 
such as Collar & Daniell's First Year Latin or Potter's Ele- 
mentary Latin Course. 

(2) Second Year. — One unit. — Four books of Caesar's 
Gallic War, with grammar and prose composition thruout the 
year. 

(3) Third Year. — One unit. — Six of Cicero's Orations, 
with grammar and prose composition thruout the year, 

(4) Fourth Year. — One unit. — The first six books of the 
Aeneid and as much prosody as relates to accent, versification 
in general, and to dactylic hexameter. 

Modern Languages. — Two units. If only one unit is 
offered, the student must study the language a second year 
in the University. 

French. — First Year. — One unit. — (1) Pronunciation; (2) 
grammar, including the elementary rules of syntax; (3) abun- 
dant easy exercises; (4) from 100 to 175 duodecimo pages of 
graduated texts, with practice in translating into French easy 
variations of the sentences read (the teacher giving the Eng- 
lish) and in reproducing from memory sentences previously 
read; (5) dictation. 



42 UNIVERSITY OF FLORIDA 

French.— Second Year. — One unit. — (1) From 250 to 400 
pages of easy prose; (2) translation into French of variations 
upon the texts read; (3) abstracts, sometimes oral and some- 
times written, of portions of the text already read; (4) dicta- 
tion; (5) grammar, including forms and syntax, with applica- 
tion in the construction of sentences; (6) memorizing of short 
poems. 

Spanish. — Requirements similar to those for French. 

Physical Geography. — One unit. — Study of a modern 
textbook, together with laboratory and field course, covering 
the following subjects : (1) The earth as a globe : shape, how 
proved; size, how measured; motions, how determined; map 
making; modes of projection. (2) The ocean: forms and 
divisions ; depth, density, temperature ; movements, waves and 
currents ; character of floor ; life ; tides, character and causes ; 
shore lines. (3) The atmosphere: chemical composition and 
pressure, how determined; circulation, character and cause; 
storms, classification and cause. (4) Land: amount and dis- 
tribution ; topographic charts ; plains and plateaus, kinds and 
development ; volcanos, distribution and character ; rivers, life- 
history ; glaciers, kinds and characteristics. 

Botany. — One-half or one unit. — Anatomy and morphol- 
ogy ; physiology ; ecology ; natural history and classification of 
the plant groups. At least twice as much time should be 
given by the student to laboratory work as to recitation. 

Zoology. — One-half or one unit. — Study of a standard 
high-school text and dissection of at least ten specimens. Note- 
books with drawings, showing the character of the work com- 
pleted, must be presented on entrance to the University. 

Physics. — One unit. — Study of a standard high-school 
text ; lecture-table demonstrations ; individual laboratory work, 
comprising at least thirty exercises from a recognized manual. 

Chemistry. — One unit. — Individual laboratory work, 
comprising at least thirty exercises from a recognized manual ; 
lecture-table demonstrations ; study of a standard textbook. 

ADVANCED STANDING 

Advanced standing will be granted only upon recommen- 
dation of the heads of the departments concerned. Fitness for 
advanced work may be determined by examination or by trial. 
Students from other institutions of like standing will ordinar- 
ily be classed according to the ground already covered. 



ORGANIZATION 43 



ORGANIZATION 

1. The Graduate School. 

11. The College of Arts and Sciences. 

(a) A Curriculum leading to the A. B. degree. 

(b) A Curriculum leading to the B. S. degree. 

(c) A Pre-Medical Course. 

m. The College op Agriculture. 
Instructional Division. 

(a) A Curriculum leading to the B. S. degree in Agriculture. 

(b) A Curriculum leading to the title Graduate in Farmine. 

(c) A Two- Year Course. 

(d) A One- Year Course. 

(e) A Four-Months' Course. 
Experiment Station Division. 
Extension Division: 

(a) Farmers' Cooperative Demonstration Work. 

(b) Farmers' Institutes. 

(c) Boys' and Girls' Clubs. 

(d) Correspondence Courses. 

(e) Publications. 

rv, The College of Engineering. 

(a) A Curriculum leading to the B. S. degree in Civil Engineer- 
ing. 

(b) A Curriculum leading to the B. S. degree in Electrical En- 
gineering. 

(c) A Curriculum leading to the B. S. degree in Mechanical En- 
gineering. 

(d) A Curriculum leading to the B. S. degree in Chemical En- 
gineering. 

V. The College op Law. 

A Curriculum leading to the LL.B. or J. D. degree, 

VI, The Teachers College and Normal School. 

(a) A Curriculum leading to the A. B. degree in Education. 

(b) A Curriculum leading to the B. S. degree in Education. 

(c) A Normal Course leading to a Diploma. 

(d) Correspondence School. 

(e) The University Summer School. 



44 UNIVERSITY OF FLORIDA 



GRADUATE SCHOOL 

Organization.— This School is under the direction of the 
Committee on Graduate Studies, which consists of Professors 
Anderson, Farr, Rolfs, Benton, Trusler, and Cox. 

Graduate students should register with the Chairman of 
this Committee. 

Degrees Offered.- — The University is not in a position at 
present to lay any great stress upon graduate work. Its 
courses are mainly of college grade and will doubtless remain 
so for many years to come. For the benefit, however, of those 
who wish to carry their studies further, courses are offered 
leading to the degrees of Master of Arts, Master of Arts in 
Education, Master of Science, Master of Science in Agricul- 
ture, and Master of Science in Education. 

Prerequisite Degrees.— Candidates for the Master's de- 
gree must possess the Bachelor's degree of this institution or 
of one of like standing. 

Applications. — Candidates for the Master's degree must 
present to the Chairman of the Committee on Graduate Studies 
a written application for the degree not later than the first of 
November of the scholastic year in which the degree is de- 
sired. This application must name the major or minor sub- 
jects ofl^ered for the degree and must contain the signed ap- 
proval of the heads of the departments concerned. 

When a candidate offers as a part of his work any course 
not sufficiently described in the catalog, he must include in his 
application an outline or description of that course. 

Time Required. — ^The student must spend at least one en- 
tire academic year in residence at the University as a graduate 
student, devoting his full time to the pursuit of his studies. 

Work Required. — The work is twelve hours per week. Six 
hours of this work must be in one subject (the major) and of a 
higher grade than any course offered for undergraduate stu- 
dents in that subject. The other six hours (the minor or 
minors) are to be determined and distributed by the professor 
in charge of the department in which the major subject is 
selected. No course designed primarily for students of a lower 
grade than the Junior class will be acceptable as a minor. 



GRADUATE SCHOOL 45 

While the major course is six hours, these hours are not the 
same as in undergraduate work, for in general the major work 
will require at least two-thirds of the student's time. 

To obtain credit for a minor the student must attain a 
grade of not less than eighty-five per cent. 

Dissertation. — It is customary to require a dissertation 
showing original research and independent thinking on some 
subject accepted by the professor under whom the major work 
is taken, but this requirement may be waived at the option of 
the professor, subject to the approval of the Committee on 
Graduate Studies. If the requirement be not waived, the 
dissertation must be in the hands of the committee not later 
than two weeks before Commencement Day. 



46 UNIVERSITY OF FLORIDA 



COLLEGE OF ARTS AND SCIENCES 

JAS. N. Anderson, Dean 

Faculty. — Jas. N. Anderson, O. C. Ault, J. R. Benton, L. 
W. Buchholz, H. W. Cox, C. L. Crow, H. S. Davis, J. M. Farr, 
W. L. Floyd, J. J. Grimm, *H. G. Keppel, I. M. Lee, J. L. 
McGhee, W. S. Perry, A. D. St. Amant, T. M. Simpson, N. L. 
Sims, E. S. Walker. 

Teaching Fellow. — C. A. Robertson. 

GENERAL STATEMENT 

Aim and Scope. — The tendency of universities at the pres- 
ent time seems to be to reach out their arms farther and 
farther into the domain of knowledge and to become more and 
more places where the student may expect to be able to acquire 
any form of useful knowledge in which he may be interested. 
In the center, however, there is still found the College of Arts 
and Sciences, the pulsating heart, as it were, sending its 
vivifying streams to the outermost tips of the institution. 

The aim of the college is to prepare for life, it is true, but 
not so directly and immediately as do the professional schools. 
It is a longer, but a better road, for those who are able to travel 
it, to distinction and ultimate success in almost any calling. 
Especially in the case of the learned professions, it is becom- 
ing clearer that a man must first get a liberal education, if 
possible, before entering upon his professional studies. 

The purpose and aim of the College of Arts and Sciences is 
to impart culture and refinement, to train the mind and 
strengthen the intellect, to build up ideals and establish the 
character, to enlarge the vision, to ennoble the thoughts, to 
increase the appreciation of the beautiful and the true, to add 
charm to life and piquancy to companionship, to make the man 
a decent fellow, a useful citizen, an influential member of 
society in whatever community he may be thrown, in whatever 
field his life-course may be run. 

But if the student wishes to examine the practical side 
exclusively, he will find that there is also something practical 
in all these courses. For instance, they are all valuable for him 
who wishes to learn to teach those subjects. Moreover, the 



♦Died Oct. 5, 1918. 



COLLEGE OF ARTS AND SCIENCES 47 

use of electives gives the student an opportunity to specialize 
in some branch according to his inclination and in furtherance 
of his plans. 

Admission. — For full description of requirements for ad- 
mission and of unit courses, see pages 36 to 42, inclusive. 

Literary Societies. — The Literary Societies are valuable 
adjuncts to the educational work of the College. They are con- 
ducted entirely by the students and maintain a high level of 
endeavor. The members obtain much practical experience in 
the conduct of public assemblies. They assimilate knowledge 
of parliamentary law, acquire ease and grace of delivery, learn 
to argue with coolness of thought and courtesy of manner, and 
are trained in thinking and in presenting their thoughts clearly 
and effectively while facing an audience. All students are 
earnestly advised to connect themselves with one of these 
societies and to take a constant and active part in its work. 

Degrees. — The College of Arts and Sciences offers courses 
leading to the degrees of Bachelor of Arts (A.B.) and Bachelor 
of Science (B.S.). 

Subjects of Study. — The subjects of study leading to- 
wards the degrees offered by the College of Arts and Sciences 
are divided into the following four groups: 



I. II. 


III. 


IV. 


Military Science French, 


Bible, 


Agriculture, 


I and II. Greek, 


Economics, 


Astronomy, 


Latin, 


Education, 


Bacteriology, 


Rhetoric and 


English Litera- 


Biology, 


English Lan- 


ture, 


Botany, 


guage, 


History, 


Chemistry, 


Spanish. 


Philosophy, 


Drawing, 




Political Science, 


Descriptive 




Psychology, 


Geometry, 




Sociology. 


Geology, 
Mathematics, 
Mechanics, 
Military Science 

III and IV, 
Physics, 
Physiology, 
Surveying, 
Zoology. 



Requirements for Degrees. — For each of the degrees of- 
fered, A.B. and B.S., a total of sixty-four hours must be taken, 
of which two must be in Group I. The courses taken must 
include English II and Philosophy I. 

For the A.B. degree fifteen hours must be taken in each of 
Groups II and III and twelve hours from Group IV; three 



48 UNIVERSITY OF FLORIDA 

hours may be chosen from any group ; the remaining seventeen 
hours (including the "major") must be chosen from Groups 
II, III, and (pure) Mathematics, altho twelve of these seven- 
teen hours may be taken from the first year of the course in the 
College of Law. 

For the degree of B.S. twelve hours must be taken from 
each of Groups II and III, twenty-four (including the "major" 
and, in every case, Chemistry I) from Group IV, leaving 
fourteen hours to be chosen from the subjects mentioned 
above, altho twelve of these fourteen may be taken from the 
first year of the course in the College of Law. 

The "major" must consist of nine hours in one department 
(not counting the Freshman work) and must be approved by 
the head of the department chosen. The choice of electives 
must meet with the approval of the Dean. 

The Bachelor's degree in Arts or Sciences will not bo 
conferred upon a candidate offering twelve hours in Law until 
he has satisfactorily completed the second year of the course in 
the College of Law. 

Pre-Medical Course. — Students intending to study medi- 
cine are advised to take the regular B.S. course. Inasmuch, 
however, as many students are unable to spend four years on 
a non-professional course, the University offers a Two- Year 
Pre-Medical Course. 

CURRICULUM 

Leading to the Degree of Bachelor of Arts 

Freshman Year 

Names of Courses Nature of Work Hours per Week 

English I Rhetoric 8 

Foreign Language French, Greek, Latin, or Spanish 3 

History I Modern European History 3 

Mathematics I Plane Analytic Geometry, College Algebra 3 

Military Science I Regulations 1 

*Physics V General Physics 4 

J7 

Sophomore Year 

Group II 3 

Group III 3 

Group IV 3 

Military Science II 1 

Group II or III or in both <J 

16 

*Greek may be substituted, in which case Physics must be taken in the 
Sophomore year. 



COLLEGE OF ARTS AND SCIENCES 49 

CURRICULUM 

Leading to the Degree of Bachelor of Science 
Freshman Year 

Names of Courses Nature of Work Hours per Week 

Chemistry I General Chemistry 4 

English I Rhetoric 3 

Foreign Language French, Greek, Latin, or Spanish 3 

Mathematics I Plane Analytic Geometry, College Algebra 3 

Military Science I Regulations 1 

Physics V General Physics 4 

18 



Sophomo7-e Year 



Group II 3 

Group III 3 

Group IV 9 

Military Science II 1 



16 



In the Junior and Senior years candidates for either of the 
degrees offered must choose their studies so as to conform to 
the general "Requirements for Degrees" of this College. 

CURRICULUM 

TWO-YEAR PRE-MEDICAL COURSE 

First Year 

Names of Courses Nature of Work Hours per Week 



Biology la and III& General Course 4 

Chemistry I General Chemistry..... 4 

English I Rhetoric 3 

French A Elementary Course 3 

Physics V General Physics 4 

18 

Second Year 

Biology V Vertebrate Anatomy 3 

Biology XIa General Bacteriology 1 % 

Chemistry III Qualitative Analysis 2% 

Chemistry V Organic Chemistry 4 

French I Intermediate Course 3 

Elective from Group III 3 

18 



60 UNIVERSITY OF FLORIDA 



DEPARTMENTS OF INSTRUCTION 

ANCIENT LANGUAGES 

Professor Anderson 

The study of the classics contributes largely to general 
culture. In addition to the recognized and peculiar disciplinary 
value of such studies and their conspicuous service in cultivat- 
ing the literary sense and developing literary taste, they have 
a more immediate value and office as aids to the comprehension 
and interpretation of modern languages and literatures. A 
thoro study and a full understanding of the modern languages, 
especially the Romance languages and our own tongue, de- 
mand a considerable preliminary acquaintance with Latin and 
Greek. Thus from two points of view, that of their own 
intrinsic beauty and value as culture studies and that of aids 
to the study of other languages, Latin and Greek command 
our attention and call for a large place in any curriculum 
which proposes to issue in a liberal education. 

Courses A, B, and C, if not used for entrance units, may 
be taken for college credit. 

LATIN 

Latin A. — First Year Latin, based on a book for beginners. 
(3 hours.) 

Latin B. — Second Year Latin, based on Caesar, with gram- 
mar and prose composition. (3 hours.) 

Latin C. — Third Year Latin, based on Cicero and Virgil, 
with grammar and prose composition. (3 hours.) 

Latin I. — Ovid, about 2,000 verses selected from his vari- 
ous works, but mainly from the Metamorphoses ; Versification, 
with especial reference to the Dactylic Hexameter and Pen- 
tameter ; Cicero's De Senectute and De Amicitia. (3 hours.) 

Latin II. — Selections from the Roman Historians, espe- 
cially Livy and Sallust, and from the Satires, Epistles, Odes, 
and Epodes of Horace, with a study of the Horatian Metres. 
(3 hours.) 

Latin III. — Juvenal's Satires, with some omissions; Taci- 
tus, parts of the Histories or Annals ; selections from Catullus, 
Tibullus, Propertius, and Ovid. (3 hours.) 



COLLEGE OF ARTS AND SCIENCES 61 

Latin IV. — Several plays of Platus and Terence ; Tacitus, 
Germania and Agricola; selections from Seneca, Gellius, and 
Quintilian. (3 hours.) 

Latin V6.— History of Roman Literature, preceded by a 
short study of Roman Life and Customs. (Second semester; 
3 hours.) 

Latin VI. — Grammar and Prose Composition: an inter- 
mediate course in Prose Composition adapted to the needs of 
students taking Latin I or II and consisting of weekly written 
exercises and some oral work; in connection with this there 
will be a general review of Latin Grammar with some more 
advanced work, both in forms and syntax. (2 hours.) 

Latin VII.— Advanced Prose Composition : a continuation 
of Latin VI, open only to those students who have completed 
Latin VI or equivalent. (2 hours.) 

GREEK 

Greek A.— The forms and most important principles of 
the syntax; numerous exercises, partly oral, partly written, 
and some practice in conversation and sight reading. One 
book of Xenephon's Anabasis, with exercises in Prose Com- 
position and study of the Grammar. (3 hours.) 

Greek I. — Xenephon's Anabasis, Books II, III and IV, 
selections from Lucian and the easier dialogues of Plato ; sight 
translation; Prose Composition; Grammar. (3 hours.) 

Greek II. — Select orations of Lysias or other Attic orators, 
with informal talks on Athenian Laws and Customs; parts 
of the Iliad and Odyssey of Homer ; Prosody. (3 hours.) 

Greek III. — Selections from the Greek historians, espe- 
cially Herodotus and Thucydides ; from the Greek dramatists, 
especially Euripides and Sophocles ; from the lyric fragments 
of Alcaeus, Sappho, etc. (3 hours.) 

Greek IV. — History of Greek Literature, preceded by a 
short study of Greek Life and Customs. A knowledge of the 
Greek language is highly desirable, but is not required for 
this course. (First semester, 3 hours.) 

Greek V. — Grammar and Prose Composition: an inter- 
mediate course in Prose Composition adapted to the needs of 
students taking Greek III or IV and consisting of weekly 
written exercises and some oral work ; in connection with this 



52 UNIVERSITY OF FLORIDA 

there will be a general review of Greek Grammar with some 
more advanced work, both in forms and syntax. (2 hours.) 

Greek VI. — Selections from the Septuagint and from the 
New Testament; class and parallel translations; vocabulary, 
grammar, and stylistic features stressed. (3 hours.) 

BIBLICAL INSTRUCTION 

Professor Buchholz 

The following courses are offered to Juniors and Seniors, 
embracing such aspects of Biblical study as the University is 
prepared to give, with a view to providing a major subject in 
the Bachelor of Arts curriculum that will permit students to 
begin preparation for work as secretary or physical director 
of the Y. M. C. A., for welfare work in mills or social settle- 
ments, or for the ministry. The courses offered will be con- 
ducted by the instructors in the departments under which 
the various aspects of the subject naturally fall and will be 
given in a spirit free from sectarianism. 

Bible I. — Old Testament History. — The history of the 
Israelitish nation as narrated in the books of the Old Testa- 
ment; the connections between sacred and profane history. 
The aim is to give the student some conception of the develop- 
ment of the cultural, ethical, and spiritual life of the nation. 
(3 hours. Professor Buchholz.) 

Bible II. — New Testament History. — ^The period from 
Herod the Great to the death of John the Evangelist, with 
special attention to the life of Christ and the development of 
the early church. Lectures, Bible readings, textbook. (3 
hours. Professor Buchholz.) 

Bible III. — The English Bible as Literature. — Literary 
types found in the Bible and the excellence of the work as 
compared with other great examples of literature. The diction 
of the 1611 version will be contrasted with that of other 
translations and its effect upon English literature will be 
demonstrated. (3 hours. Professor Farr.) 

Bible IV. — Old and New Testament Greek. — See Greek 
VII. (3 hours. Professor Anderson.) 

Bible V. — The Bible as an Ethical and Religious Guide. — 
Those parts of the Old and New Testament which bring out 
most vividly and directly the moral and religious elements will 
receive most attention. The aim is to give the student a 



COLLEGE OF ARTS AND SCIENCES 53 

keen appreciation of the Bible as the best guide for human 
conduct. Lectures, Bible readings, studies of great sermons, 
textbook on Evidences of Christianity. (3 hours. Professor 
Cox.) 

BIOLOGY AND GEOLOGY 

Professor Davis Asst. Professor Grimm 

For a description of the laboratories and collections of the 
department, see pages 22 and 23. 

All the courses offered will not be given in any one year, 
the selection of those taught being determined by the demand. 

BIOLOGY 

Biology la. — General Biology. — The fundamental proper- 
ties of living organisms, their structure, activities, develop- 
ment and life-histories. Prerequisite to all other courses in 
biology. (2 class and 2 laboratory periods per week; k hours.) 

Biology 116. — General Botany. — The vegetative functions, 
structure and life-histories of plants. (2 class and 2 laboratory 
periods per week; .4 hours.) 

Biology III6. — General Zoology. — A general survey of the 
more important facts relating to the chief groups of animals. 
Representative forms of the different groups are studied in 
the laboratory. (2 class and 2 laboratory periods per week; 
U hours.) 

Biology IV6. — Physiology and Hygiene. — The elements of 
human physiology, hygiene and sanitation. Intended primarily 
for students who elect only one year's work in biology. (3 
hours.) 

Biology V.- — Vertebrate Anatomy. — Recitations and lec- 
tures on the comparative anatomy of vertebrates, accompa- 
nied by laboratory work on representatives of the principal 
groups. (1 class and 2 laboratory periods per week; 3 hours. 
Prerequisite: Biology Illb.) 

Biology VI. — Economic Zoology. — This course, designed 
primarily for agricultural students, is devoted chiefly to the 
study of insects and related forms, special attention being 
given to those of economic importance. This is followed by a 
brief consideration of the principal groups of vertebrates in 
their relation to agriculture. (2 class periods and 1 laboratory 
period per week; 3 hours.) 



54 UNIVERSITY OF FLORIDA 

Biology Vila. — Histology and Cytology.— A study of the 
protoplasm, cells, and tissues of the animal body, special at- 
tention being given to the development of the germ-cells. 
(2 class and 2 laboratory periods per week; ^ hours. Pre- 
requisite: Biology 1 1 lb.) 

Biology Yllb. — Vertebrate Embryology. — Recitations and 
lectures on the development of vertebrates with special ref- 
erence to the chick. (2 class and 2 laboratory periods per 
week; 4 hours. Prerequisite: Biology Vila.) 

Biology Villa. — Genetics. — A study of the laws of varia- 
tion and inheritance of morphological and physiological char- 
acters of animals and plants. (2 hours.) 

Biology VIII&. — Evolution. — Organic evolution and the 
development of adaptations. (2 hours.) 

Biology IXa. — Plant Physiology. — The fundamental life- 
processes, including digestion, assimilation, growth, respira- 
tion, reproduction, etc. (2 cUiss periods and 1 laboratory 
period per week; 3 hours. Prerequisite: Biology lib.) 

Biology IX&. — Plant Histology and Anatomy. — The study 
of plant tissues and the technic of fixing, sectioning, staining, 
etc. (1 cUiss period and 2 laboratory periods per week; 3 
hours. Prerequisite: Biology IXa.) 

Biology Xa. — Plant Pathology. — The causal agents, symp- 
toms, diagnosis, and treatment of truck and citrus diseases. 
(1 class period and 2 laboratory periods per week; 3 hours. 
Prerequisite : Biology IXa.) 

Biology XIa. — General Bacteriology. — The morphology, 
physiology, and cultivation of bacteria and related micro- 
organisms. (2 class and 2 laboratory periods per week; ^ 
hours. Prerequisite: Chemistry I.) 

Biology Xllb. — Agricultural Bacteriology. — Soil bacteria 
and their influence on soil fertility, and bacteria in relation to 
milk and its products. (1 class period and 2 laboratory periods 
per week; 3 hours. Prerequisite: Biology XIa.) 

Biology XIII6. — Sanitary Bacteriology.— The principles 
of water supply, sewage disposal, disinfection, and the control 
of contagious diseases. (1 class period and 2 laboratory 
periods per week; 3 hours. Prerequisite: Biology XIa.) 

GEOLOGY 

Geology la. — Physical Geology. — Designed as an introduc- 
tion to dynamical and structural geology. (3 hours.) 



COLLEGE OF ARTS AND SCIENCES 56 

Geology 16. — Historical Geology.— A study of the geologi- 
cal history of the earth and its inhabitants, (3 hours. Pre^ 
requisites: Geology la and Biology 1 1 lb.) 

CHEMISTRY 

Professor McGhee Asst. Professor Lee 

This department is intended to meet the requirements of 
liberal culture and to prepare students for work in the various 
fields of applied chemistry and research. 

Never before have chemists been in such demand; never 
before have the demands upon them been so great. 

The department is supplied with equipment for instruction 
in general, organic, anal3ii;ical, and industrial chemistry. See 
page 22. 

Chemistry I. — General Chemistry. — First year college 
chemistry. Special effort is made to combine in due propor- 
tion the experimental and tke theoretical phases of the subject. 
Emphasis is placed upon the intelligent writing of reactions. 
No previous knowledge of chemistry is required, but high- 
school physics is desirable. (3 hours and 2 laboratory periods 
per week.) 

Chemistry Ilia. — Qualitative Analysis. — Mainly labora- 
tory work, with class hour for theory, reports and tests by 
arrangement during the laboratory time. (First semester; 
5 hours.) 

Chemistry IV. — Agricultural Chemistry. — For first sem- 
ester, see Chemistry V ; second semester : three lectures a week 
without laboratory. (Open only to agricultural students; 4 
hours.) 

Chemistry V. — Organic Chemistry. — Lectures, recitations, 
and laboratory work, planned for pre-medical and agricultural 
students and others who intend to pursue organic phenomena. 
(3 hours class and 2 laboratory periods per week; 5 hours.) 

Chemistry VI. — Industrial Chemistry. — See Chemical En- 
gineering. 

Chemistry VII&. — Quantitative Analysis. — Gravimetric 
analysis of simple compounds. (Second semester; 2 three- 
hour laboratory periods per week. Prerequisite: Chemistry 
III.) 

Chemistry VIIo. — Quantitative Analysis. — Sequel to 
Chemistry VII6, Volumetric methods in acidimetry and alka- 



66 UNIVERSITY OF FLORIDA 

limetry. (First semester; 3 hours. Prerequisite: Chemistry 
VII6.; 

Chemistry 1X6. — Laboratory and assigned readings, 
adapted, as far as practicable, to the needs of students in 
agriculture and in other specialized lines. Prerequisites or 
corequisites are Chemistry V and Chemistry Vila and b, tho 
the latter may be adapted to some extent to the needs of 
students in special lines. (Second semester; 3 hours.) 

Chemistry X. — See Chemical Engineering. 

Chemistry XI. — Physical Chemistry. — An introductory 
course, with some experimental work. (3 hours.) 

ENGLISH LANGUAGE AND LITERATURE 

Professor Farr Mr. Robertson 

The work is designed to meet the requirements for a prac- 
tical and liberal education, and is regarded both as a necessary 
auxiliary to the training in the technical courses and as an 
important factor among the liberalizing studies. The three 
sides of the subject, Rhetoric, Linguistics, and Literature, are 
presented as fully as time will permit. Rhetoric and compo- 
sition are stressed in the lower classes, literary studies and 
linguistic work in electives ; nevertheless the attempt is made 
to keep the three viewpoints before all classes as necessary to 
a mastery of their native language. 

English I. — Advanced College Rhetoric. — Designed to 
train students in methods of clear and forceful expression. 
Instruction is carried on simultaneously in formal rhetoric, in 
rhetorical analysis, and in theme writing, the constant corre- 
lation of the three as methods of approach to the desired goal 
being kept in view. In addition a reading course is assigned 
each student. (Required of all Freshmen; 3 hours.) 

English Ila. — Development of English Prose. — This will 
follow the method of Minto's Manual in tracing historically 
the growth of English prose literature; supplemented by col- 
lateral readings and by essays. (First semester; 3 hours.) 

English lib. — Development of English Poetry. — A con- 
tinuation of English Ila, applying the method outlined above 
to the study of English poetry. (Second semester; 3 hours.) 

English Ilia. — Milton and the Epic. — A study of Para- 
dise Lost, around which are grouped studies in the Age of 
Milton and in the Epic as a type of Comparative Literature. 



COLLEGE OF ARTS AND SCIENCES 57 

The first four books of the poem are read in class. Written 
reviews on the remaining books alternate each week with 
essays from the student and lectures by the instructor. Read- 
ings in the minor poets of the age and in the English transla- 
tions of the great epics are assigned. (First semester; 3 
hours.) 

English III6. — Shakespeare and the Drama. — Three 
Shakesperian plays are read in class. On eight others a written 
review is held each fortnight, and on the alternate week essays 
are written by the students and lectures are given by the 
instructor. Readings in the English drama from the Cycle 
plays to contemporary production are assigned. (Second 
semester; S hours.) 

English IVa. — American Poetry. — A rapid survey of the 
development of poetry in the United States ; critical study of 
a few of the more important authors (Bryant, Whittier, Long- 
fellow, Emerson, Lowell, Poe). (First semester; 3 hours.) 

English IV6. — Southern Literature. — A detailed study of 
the literature of the South ; extensive reading and essay work ; 
examination of the claims of Florida authors. (Second semes- 
ter; 3 hours.) 

English V. — The English Novel. — The chronological 
development and technic of the novel. The student reads a 
list of novels chosen to illustrate chronology and variety of 
species, analyzes minutely one novel from the technical side, 
masters the entire work and life of one novelist, and compares 
closely a novel and a dramatized version of it. It is hoped 
the student may be so grounded in the classics and his taste 
and judgment so trained that his reading of novels may not 
become mere intellectual dissipation. (3 hours.) 

English VL — The Romantic Revival. — A study in liter- 
ary movement: the causes and forces which underlie the 
movement, its phenomena and the authors and works which 
exhibit them, and a comparison with other movements in 
literature. The work of Prof. Beers will be used as a basis 
and the student will be led, by means of extensive reading, 
by investigation and essays, and by lectures, to realize the 
truth of his statements. (3 hours.) 

English VIL — Anglo-Saxon Grammar and Reading. — 
Drill in the forms of the early language and an elementary 
view of its relations to the other members of the Aryan fam- 



58 UN'IVERSITY OF FLORIDA 

ily and of its development into Modern English. The texta 
in Bright's Anglo-Saxon Reader are studied, and Cook's edition 
of Judith is read. (3 hours.) 

English VIII. — Chaucer and Middle English Grammar. — 
During the first semester the works of Chaucer are read in 
and out of class. Pronunciation, forms, scansion, condition of 
text, analogs, and sources are examined. During the second 
semester, Morris and Skeats' Specimens, Part II, is studied 
in connection with informal lectures on Middle English viewed 
as developing from Anglo-Saxon into Modern English. (Pre- 
requisite: English VII; 3 hours.) 

English IX. — Engineering Exposition. — An attempt to 
give special training to Engineering students in the prepara- 
tion of the various kinds of writing they will be called upon 
to do in the pursuit of their profession. It will consist largely 
of the writing of papers (upon subjects assigned by the 
departments in the College of Engineering), which will be 
criticised and revised. (Engineering Seniors; 1 hour.) 

EXPRESSION AND PUBLIC SPEAKING 

Mr. Chapman 

Expression and Public Speaking. — Particular attention 
is given to establishing a correct method of breathing, to 
correcting faulty articulation, and to teaching the principles 
of interpretation by voice, gesture, and facial expression. 

A small tuition fee is charged. 

HISTORY AND ECONOMICS 

Professor Ault 

The aim of this department is to train students to use 
historical and economic material with discrimination; to de- 
velop a general knowledge of European, English, and Ameri- 
can History; to furnish students with a survey of economic 
life and thought ; and to explain the economic principles lying 
back of our present day wealth-getting and wealth-dispensing 
activities. 

Those entering the University for the first time, who have 
not had satisfactory courses in European or American History, 
are advised to include these subjects among their studies as 
a general cultural foundation for their other work. To these 



COLLEGE OF ARTS AND SCIENCES 59 

should be added Economics I, which is a prerequisite to the 
other courses offered in Economics. 

With the exceptions of History I and II and of Economics 
I, all the courses listed below will not be offered each year. 

HISTORY 

History la and 16. — European History. — A survey of the 
growth of civilization in Europe from the earliest times to 
the present. (S hours.) 

History Ha. — The American Colonies to 1763. — European 
background of colonial history; discovery and settlement of 
America; development of the social, economic, and political 
life of the colonies ; growth of American institutions. (First 
semester; 3 hours.) 

History 116. — Early History of the United States, 1763- 
1850. — Causes of the Revolution; struggle for independence; 
formation of the government ; its early operation ; origin and 
growth of political parties ; development of the nation. (Sec- 
ond semester; 3 hours.) 

History Ilia. — Recent History of the United States, 1850- 
1919. — The slavery conflict; War between the States; recon- 
struction ; industrial expansion ; rise of political issues ; United 
States as a world power, (First semester; 3 hours.) 

History III6. — European History, 1815-191^. — Recon- 
struction of Europe after the overthrow of Napoleon; indus- 
trial revolution and social conditions; revolutions of 1830 
and 1848; unification of Italy and of Germany; commercial 
and industrial growth of Germany and of Great Britain; 
awakening of Russia ; Near-Eastern question ; European colo- 
nial possessions in Africa; intellectual and cultural progress 
during the century. (Second semester; 3 hours.) 

History IV. ■ — English History. — An outline course : the 
struggle for constitutional government; the international 
struggle for commercial and colonial supremacy; the indus- 
trial revolution ; social and political reforms. (3 hours.) 

History V. — The World War and Reconstruction. — Semi- 
nar course for Seniors and Graduate Students. (2 hours.) 

ECONOMICS 

Economics I. — Principles of Economics. — Business, money, 
banking, industrial organization, labor, taxation, tariffs, and 
governmental regulation. (3 hours.) 



60 UNIVERSITY OF FLORIDA 

9 

Economics Ila. — Moyiey and Banking. — A brief historical 
treatment of banks and banking, together with the principles 
which underlie the successful operation of these institutions. 
(First semester; 3 hours.) 

Economics 116. — Corporation Finance. — The rise, growth, 
and development of large business organizations ; pools, trusts, 
corporation, and holding companies; the rights of "vested 
interests" ; monopolistic tendencies ; governmental regulation, 
etc. (Second semester; 3 hours.) 

Economics Ilia. — Public Finance and Taxation. — Reve- 
nues and expenditures of public bodies, federal, state, and 
local; the problems of budgetary reform and taxation; the 
leading features of European systems of finance; proposals 
for reform. (First semester; 3 hours.) 

Economics III6. — Transportation. — The problems of 
transportation; public and private interests involved; the 
principles of regulation; and the judicial control of common 
carriers. (Second semester; 3 hours.) 

Economics IVa. — Economic History of the United States. 
— A general but comprehensive study of the growth of 
American industry and commerce, with the social and eco- 
nomic problems involved. (First semester; 3 hours.) 

Economics IV6.^ — Labor Problems. — A brief history of 
industrial labor problems in Europe and America; trade 
unions; employers' asociations; and social reforms. (Second 
semester; 3 hours.) 

Economics V. — Research Problems. — Devoted particularly 
to the State of Florida. Seminar course for Seniors and Gradu- 
ate Students. (2 hours.) 

MATHEMATICS 

Professor Simpson 

MATHEMATICS 

The work in the Department of Mathematics is planned 
with a threefold purpose in view: 

1. For those who intend to specialize in Mathematics it 
provides" the preparation for more advanced work. Several 
advanced courses are offered such students. 

2. To those who need Mathematics as an instrument it 
offers opportunities to become familiar with this instrument. 
The application of Calculus not only to Physics, Chemistry, 



COLLEGE OF ARTS AND SCIENCES 61 

and Engineering, but even to such seemingly remote realms 
as Psychology and Political Economy, makes it advisable that 
this class should continue the study of Mathematics at least 
so far as to include Calculus. 

3. To others it gives logical training in Analysis and 
Proof, introduces them to that scientific method par excel- 
lence of the Hypothesis, and develops the idea of a deductive 
system in its classical form. 

The following courses are offered each year : 

Mathematics A. — Solid Geometry. (2 hours.) 

Mathematics B. — Plane Trigonometry and Logarithms. 
(2 hours.) 

Mathematics I. — Plane Analytic Geometry and College 
Algebra. (3 hours.) 

Mathematics II. — Spherical Trigonometry and College 
Algebra. (1 hour.) 

Mathematics III. — Differential and Integral Calculus. 
(3 hours.) 

Mathematics IV. — Solid Analytic Geometry and Calcu- 
lus. (2 hours.) 

Mathematics V. — Advanced Calculus and Differential 
Equations. (3 hours.) 

The following advanced courses are offered for 1919-20 : 

Mathematics VI. — Theory of Equations, Complex Num- 
bers, and Determinants. (3 hours.) 

Mathematics VII. — Modern Projective Geometry. (3 
hours.) 

military science and tactics 

Colonel Walker Lieutenant Crossett 

Military instruction is not optional, but is required by law 
—by the law of the United States and by the law of Florida. 

Excused from Military Duty. — Graduate and Law stu- 
dents, Seniors, Juniors in the Teachers College, and the phys- 
ically disqualified are excused from military duty. Those who 
have served three years in the National Guard may be excused 
from drills, and also, provided they pass an examination under 
the Professor of Military Science and Tactics, from theoretical 
work. Those taking the One-Year Course in Agriculture will be 
excused from the theoretical, but not from the practical part of 
the course. Credit, year for year, will be given, furthermore, 



62 UNIVERSITY OF FLORIDA 

for work done at other military schools having army officers 
as instructors. See also General Information, under Adult 
Specials. 

All applications to be excused from military duty for other 
reasons must be submitted to the Professor of Military Science 
and Tactics, and all who are required to take military work 
must report to him within five days after registering at the 
University. 

Faculty Rulings.— The General Faculty has enacted the 
following : 

1. The physically disqualified must submit a certificate to that 
effect from a reputable physician and must also, prior to graduation, make 
up an equivalent amount of work in this or some other department. 

2. Two (2) credit hours shall be the equivalent of three hours of 
drill. 

3. Students from other institutions entering the Junior or Senior 
class without having had the requisite amount of physical instruction, 
shall, unless physically disqualified, be required to take military science 
and drill for two (2) years, or one (1) year, respectively, excepting that 
in the Senior year a study equivalent may be submitted for drill. 

4. Pupils entering the eleventh or twelfth grade of the Practice 
High School shall be excused after drilling three (3) years here. 

R. 0. T. C— The National Defense Act of June 3, 1916, 
authorizes the organization of an Officers' Reserve Corps. 
One method of securing members for this is by utilizing the 
voluntary services of graduates of universities and colleges 
that maintain a course of military instruction, hence the Act 
authorizes the President to establish and maintain at such 
institutions a Reserve Officers' Training Corps (R. 0. T. C). 

The R. O. T. C. is composed of a senior and of a junior 
division, the former of which is maintained at institutions 
having a four-year course leading to a degree. Each division 
consists of units— infantry units, artillery units, etc. Mem- 
bership is restricted to physically fit students over fourteen 
years of age who are citizens of the United States, but who 
are not members of the U. S. Army, Navy, or Marine Corps, 
or of the National Guard or Naval Militia. 

University of Florida Unit. — Upon the application of 
the President of the University, approved by the Board of 
Control, an Infantry Unit, Senior Division, R. 0. T. C, has 
been established at the University. 

Course of Instruction. — Under the provisions of the Act 
of June 3, the Secretary of War has prescribed a standard 
course of instruction covering four years. The first two-year's 



COLLEGE OF ARTS AND SCIENCES 63 

course is compulsory and its successful completion necessary 
for graduation. The second two-year's course is optional. 
Having once entered upon the course, however, the student 
must, in order to secure the benefits accruing, carry it to 
completion, and must, to secure the credits necessary for 
graduation, make up time lost. 

Commutation of Subsistence, Uniform, etc. — § 50, Act 
of June 3, reads : 

"When any member of the Senior division of the Reserve Officers' 
Training Corps has completed two academic years of service in that 
division, and has been selected for further training by the president of 
the institution, and by its professor of military science and tactics, and 
has agreed in writing to continue in the Reserve Officers' Training 
Corps for the remainder of his course in the institution, devoting five 
hours per week to the military training prescribed by the Secretary 
of War, and has agreed in writing to pursue the courses in camp training 
prescribed by the Secretary of War, he may be furnished, at the expense 
of the United States, with commutation of subsistence at such rate, 
not exceeding the cost of the garrison ration prescribed for the Army, 
as may be fixed by the Secretary of War, during the remainder of his 
service in the Reserve Officers' Training Corps," 

The commutation of subsistence is at the rate of 40 cents 
per day for two years, or 590 days, and will therefore amount 
during the whole course to $236.00. In adition each man may 
receive subsistence in kind (not paid in cash) while in camp, 
three summers, or 135 days ; estimated at the same rate, this 
totals $54.00. 

Allowance for transportation to and from the summer 
camps at the rate of 4 cents per mile. 

Every member of the R. 0. T. C. will receive each year 
property valued at $41.83 (actual cost value), or in four 
years, $167.32 ; for each summer camp attended he will receive 
in addition property valued at $14.67, or $44.01 in three 
summers. The articles furnished are: 

Value Additional for those attending 

1 coat, wool, 0. D $ 9.72 summer camps: 

1 breeches, wool, 0. D 6.32 

1 shoes, russet or marching 4.65 Value 

1 shirt, wool, O. D. 3.50 2 breeches, cotton, O. D $ 3.38 

1 overcoat, O. D., short 13.56 1 shoes, russet or marching.... 4.65 

1 leggins, pair, canvas 1.05 1 shirt, wool, O. D 3.50 

1 hat, service 2.00 1 leggins, pair, canvas 1.05 

2 collar ornaments 07 1 hat additional 2.00 

I hat cord 09 1 hat cord 09 

1 belt 23 

chevrons 57 



Per year $41.83 $14,67 



64 UNIVERSITY OF FLORIDA 

Besides the items mentioned above, the equipment issued 
for each student amounts to at least $50.00. The students 
have, moreover, the privilege of buying extra uniforms, or 
parts thereof, at the above mentioned prices, which will have 
an additional saving value to those who take advantage of it. 
The members of the R. O. T. C. may also secure special tech- 
nical training in various fields without any tuition charges. 

From investigations made by the Government it seems that 
in most cases the work of the R. 0. T. C. does not seriously 
interfere with a student's chances of earning money outside 
of class hours, and that the amount actually gained by mem- 
bership exceeds the average sum earned by students working 
their way thru school. 

In addition to what has been said above, arrangements may 
be made to secure from the Committee on Education and 
Special Training moving-picture films, slides, etc., that will 
aid in the work of training officers. 

Presidential Appointments. — The President of the 
United States is authorized: 

(1) To appoint in the Officers' Reserve Corps any graduate of the 
Senior Division of the R. O. T. C. who shall have satisfactorily com- 
pleted the prescribed course of military training, including the practical 
instruction subsequent to graduation, who shall have arrived at twenty- 
one years of age, and who shall agree, under oath in writing, to serve the 
United States in the capacity of a reserve officer. Graduates pursuing a 
further course of study are not eligible, but may receive an appointment 
later. 

(2) To appoint and commission as a temporary second lieutenant in 
the Regular Army, in time of peace and for the purposes of instruction, 
for a period not exceeding six months, with allowances for that grade, but 
with pay at the rate of $100.00 per month, any reserve officer appointed 
as above described. Upon the expiration of this service with the Regular 
Army such officer shall revert to his status as a reserve officer. 

The appointment and assignment to duty referred to above 
may immediately follow graduation, in which case the final 
course oi the training camp will be omitted. 

COURSE OF TRAINING FOR INFANTRY UNITS OF THE SENIOR 

DIVISION* 

Nos. 1 and 2 of the courses outlined below are required of 
Freshmen, 3 and 4 of Sophomores; 5 and 6 are for Juniors 
who sign, and 7 and 8 for Seniors who have signed, the agree- 



*Subject to change by Government regulations. 



COLLEGE OF ARTS AND SCIENCES 65 

ment to remain in the R. 0. T. C. during the remainder of their 
stay at the University. 

For use in military records, "units" and "weights" are 
assigned as follows: 1, 2, 3, and 4 come three times per 
week and count 14 units each; 5, 6, 7, and 8 come five times 
per week and count 24 units each. In each of 1, 2, 3, and 4, 

(a) has a weight of 10, (b) a weight of 4; in each of 5, 6, 
7, and 8, (a) has a weight of 13, (b) a weight of 11. 

University credits are shown in semester hours. 

Military Science I. — 1. Military Art: (a) Practical 
(Drills), (b) Theoretical (Classroom). (1 Semester hour.) 

2. Military Art: (a) Practical, (b) Theoretical. (J 
Semester hour.) 

Military Science II.— 3. Military Art: (a) Practical 

(b) Theoretical. (1 Semester hour.) 

4. Military Art: (a) Practical, (b) Theoretical. (1 
Semester hour.) 

Military Science III. — 5. Military Art: (a) Practical 
(b) Theoretical. (2 Semester hours.) 

6. Military Art: (a) Practical, (b) Theoretical. (2 
Semester hours.) 

Military Science IV.— 7. Military Art: (a) Practical 
(b) Theoretical. (2 Semester hours.) 

8. Military Art: (a) Practical (b) Theoretical (2 
Semester hours.) 

MODERN LANGUAGES 

Professor Crow 

Extensive courses of reading, in and out of class, frequent 
exercises, oral and written, and studies in literature and 
language form the chief feature of instruction. 

Authors and textbooks vary from year to year. Tho the 
classics are not neglected, special attention is paid to the 
literatures of the Nineteenth Century. 

All the courses offered will not be given in any one year. 

FRENCH 

French A. — Elementary Course. — Pronunciation, forms, 
elementary syntax, dictation, written exercises, memorizing of 
vocabularies and short poems, translation. (3 hours.) 

French I. — Intermediate Course. — Work of elementary 



e6 UNIVERSITY OF FLORIDA 

course continued, advanced grammar, including syntax, prose 
composition, translation of intermediate and advanced texts, 
sight reading, parallel. (3 hours.) 

French II. — Advanced Courses. — Syntax, stylistic, com- 
position, history of French literature, selections from the dram- 
atists or novelists, as class may decide. (3 hours.) 

French III. — Romance Philology. — (Prerequisites: French 
II and Latin II; 3 hours.) 

SPANISH 

Spanish A. — Elementary Course. — Pronunciation, forms, 
elementary syntax, dictation, written exercises, memorizing of 
vocabularies and short poems, translation. (3 hours.) 

Spanish I. — Intermediate Course. — Work of elementary 
course continued, advanced grammar, including syntax, prose 
composition, translation, parallel. (3 hours.) 

Spanish II. — Commercial Correspondence. — (Optional, 
subject to instructor's permission; hours to be arranged.) 

MUSIC 

Mr, Chapman Mr. Marchio 

This department aims to foster a love for good music and 
to encourage students to use their musical abilities and train- 
ing for the benefit of themselves and others. It trains and 
directs the student chorus, the chapel choir, the Glee and Man- 
dolin and Guitar Clubs, the Orchestra, and the University 
Band, and offers private instruction in voice and in violin and 
other instruments. It seeks to cooperate with the musical 
organizations of Gainesville and in conjunction with them to 
give several public entertainments during the year. 

Owing to the lack of funds for the department, a small 
tuition fee is charged for private instruction. 

PHILOSOPHY 

Professor Cox 

The primary aim of this department is to give the student 
a broad outlook upon life in general, as well as a better 
understanding of his own life from psychological, ethical, and 
metaphysical viewpoints. Philosophy lies nearer today than 
ever before to the various sciences on the one hand and to the 
demands of practical life on the other. 



COLLEGE OF ARTS AND SCIENCES 67 

Another very important aim is to aid in the professional 
training of teachers. For description of the equipment for 
carrying on mental and physical tests, see page 23. 

Students may begin with Course la, Ila, or Ilia. Juniors 
and Seniors may begin also with Course Vila. 

Philosophy la.—Genei^al Psychology. — Facts and theories 
current in general psychological discussion: the sensations, 
the sense organs, and the functions of the brain; the higher 
mental functions, such as attention, perception, memory, feel- 
ing, emotion, volition, the self ; and like topics. (First semes- 
ter; 3 hours.) 

Philosophy 16. — Logic, Inductive and Deductive. — The 
use of syllogisms, inductive methods, logical analysis, and 
criticisms of fallacies. (First semester; 3 hours.) 

Philosophy Ila. — E'iMcs.— Principles of Ethics: study of 
such topics as goodness, happiness, virtue, duty, freedom, civi- 
lization, and progress ; history of the various Ethical Systems. 
(First semester; 3 hours.) 

Philosophy 116. — Practical Ethics. — The moral problems 
of the individual and of social life. (Second semester; 3 
hours.) 

Philosophy Ilia. — The Philosophical Poets. — Philosophi- 
cal problems and their solution as given by the world's greatest 
poets. Such problems as Creation, Nature, Life, Freedom, 
and Conduct will be given special attention. (Second semester; 
8 hours.) 

Philosophy III6. — Experimental Psychology. — Mainly 
laboratory work with standard apparatus on the current prob- 
lems in Experimental Psychology. Special attention given to 
methods of psychological investigation and the collection and 
treatment of data. (Second semester, 3 hours.) 

Philosophy IVa. — Social Psychology. — Influences of so- 
cial environment upon the mental and moral development of 
the individual. (First semester; 3 hours.) 

Philosophy IV6. — Abnormal Psychology. — Abnormal 
phases of mental life: dreams, illusions, hallucinations, sug- 
gestions, hypnotism, hysteria, diseases of the memory, diseases 
of the will, etc. Special attention given to mental hygiene. 
(Second semester; 3 hours.) 

Philosophy Ya.,— Genetic Psychology.— The course of de- 



68 UNIVERSITY OF FLORIDA 

velopment in the child from birth to adolescence. (First sem- 
ester; 3 hours.) 

Philosophy V6. — Genetic Psychology. — Animal instincts 
and intelligence. (Second semester; 3 hours.) 

Philosophy Via. — Philosophy of Conduct. — The problems 
of conduct and of religion in the light of contemporary dis- 
cussion: the problems of philosophy from the standpoint of 
practical every-day life. (First semester; 3 hours.) 

Philosophy VI6. — Philosophy of Nature. — Man's relation 
to and his place in Nature ; the various philosophical doctrines : 
Animism, Pantheism, Materialism, Realism, Agnosticism, 
Humanism, Idealism, etc. (Second semester; 3 hours.) 

Philosophy Vila. — History of Ancient Philosophy. — The 
development of philosophic thought from its appearance among 
the Ionic Greeks to the time of Descartes. Special attention 
will be given to the philosophy of Plato and Aristotle. (First 
semester; 3 hours.) 

Philosophy VII6. — History of Modem Philosophy. — A 
continuation of Vila. Special attention will be given to the 
works of Descartes, Spinoza, Leibnitz, Kant, Hume, etc. (Sec- 
ond semester; 3 hours.) 

Philosophy Villa. — Advanced Psychology. — The theoret- 
ical problems in the field of modern psychology ; the practical 
aspects of psychology as applied to Business, Law, Medicine, 
Education, etc. (First semester; 3 hours.) 

Philosophy VIII6. — Advanced Psychology. — Continuation 
of Villa. (Second semester; 3 hours.) 

PHYSICAL EDUCATION 

Professor Buser 

This department has jurisdiction over all athletic, aquatic, 
and gymnastic activities. It seeks: (1) To develop health, 
vigor, and good physical habits; (2) to provide an incentive 
and an opportunity for every student to secure at least one 
hour's physical activity daily as a balance to the sedentary 
demands of university life; (3) to conserve the social and 
moral values of games and sports; (4) to encourage and 
develop intramural sports; and (5) to make athletic sports 
an essential factor in military training. 

Students will not be excused from the prescribed training 



COLLEGE OF ARTS AND SCIENCES 69 

during the first two years unless they substitute a satisfactory 
equivalent. They are supposed to be able to swim a distance 
of fifty yards by the end of the Sophomore year. No student 
will be permitted, however, to participate in intercollegiate or 
intramural competitive games or to become a candidate for 
football or other team, until he has secured, after examination, 
the written permission of a competent physician. 

All activities will be conducted out of doors in so far as 
the weather will permit. The regulation suit consists of white 
sleeveless shirt, running pants, supporter, and rubber-soled 
shoes. 

When needed, special coaches are engaged to assist the 
director. 

I. Development Exercise. — (Required of Freshmen and 
delinquent Sophomores; credit, 1 hour; 2 actual hours.) 

II. Advanced Exercises. — All phases of athletic activi- 
ties. (Required of Sophomores; credit, 1 hour; 2 actuxd 
hours.) 

III. First Aid to Injured. — (Elective for Freshmen and 
Sophomores; credit, 1 hour; 2 actual hours.) 

PHYSICS 

Professor Benton Asst. Professor Perry 

The work of this department is intended to meet the needs, 
on the one hand, of those who study physics as a part of a 
liberal education and, on the other hand, of those who will 
have to apply physics as one of the sciences fundamental to 
engineering, or to medicine. 

Instruction is given by (1) recitations based upon lessons 
assigned in textbooks; (2) laboratory work, in which the 
student uses his own direct observation to gain knowledge of 
the subject; (3) lectures, in which experimental demonstra- 
tions of the principles under discussion are given; and (4) 
seminar work in the advanced courses, in which the various 
members of the class take up special problems requiring 
extended study or investigation and report upon them. 

The physical laboratory (see page 23) is well equipt for 
the experiments usually required in undergraduate laboratory 
work in the best colleges. The equipment has been greatly 
increased in the last few years and additions are made to it 
from year to year. 



70 UNIVERSITY OF FLORIDA 

Physics 1. — General physics, including mechanics, heat, 
acoustics, and optics, but not electricity and magnetism. Text- 
book used in 1918-1919 : Spinney's Textbook of Physics. (Pre- 
requisite, Plane Trigonometry; 1 lecture and 2 recitations per 
week.) 

Physics II. — General laboratory physics, to accompany 
Physics I. (2 exercises of 2 hours each per vjeek. Prerequi- 
site: Plane Trigonometry.) 

Physics III. — General electricity and magnetism, being a 
continuation of Physics I. Textbook used in 1918-1919: Spin- 
ney's Textbook of Physics. (2 recitations and one 2-hour 
laboratory exercise per week.) 

Physics V. — General physics, including mechanics, heat, 
sound, light, electricity, and magnetism. Designed to meet 
the needs of the general student, and of those taking the Pre- 
Medical Course. Textbook used in 1918-1919 : Carhart's College 
Physics. (3 recitations and one 2-hour laboratory period per 
iveek.) 

Advanced Course in Physics. — Six advanced courses in 
physics, as electives for Juniors, Seniors, and Graduate Stu- 
dents, have been planned: Advanced Experimental Physics, 
General Mathematical Physics, Mechanics and Acoustics, 
Heat, Optics, Theoretical Electricity. Each course is arranged 
to extend thru two semesters and to require three hours per 
week of classroom work, or equivalent time in the laboratory. 
Any one will be given when elected by three or more students. 

SOCIOLOGY AND POLITICAL SCIENCE 

Professor Sims 
All the courses offered will not be given in any one year. 

SOCIOLOGY 

Sociology I. — Principles of Sociology.— A fundamental 
course dealing with society as to its origin, its relation to the 
environment, its composition, organization, control, mind, 
types of association, institutions, evolution, and progress. (.3 
hours.) 

Sociology Ha. — Social Evolution. — The doctrine of evolu- 
tion applied to society, human origin, forms of association, and 
types of civilization. (Prerequisite, Sociology I; first semes- 
ter; 3 hours.) 



COLLEGE OF ARTS AND SCIENCES 71 

Sociology lib. — Progress and Reform. — The rise of the 
concept of progress; various theories of progress; factor of 
progress; reform proposals — ethical, economic, and biological. 
(Prerequisites, Sociology I and lla; second semester; 3 hours.) 

Sociology III. — Rural Sociology and Economics. — Tho 
rural problem — present status, population movements, types 
of communities, the rural mind, economic conditions, farm 
labor, rural improvement — health, sanitation, morality; in- 
stitutions — school, church, farmers' organizations, home-life, 
fairs; government; cooperation; socialization; progress. (3 
hours.) 

Sociology IVa. — Social Psychology. — The social mind- 
general view; the mind of primitive and of modern man; 
mental types; the role of instinct, feeling, and intellect in 
society — mobs; folkways and mores; change and revolution. 
(First semester; 3 hours.) 

Sociology V6. — Race Problems. — The negro problem ia 
its anthropological, social, political, and economic aspects, etc. 
(Second semester; 3 hours.) 

Sociology VI6. — Modern Social Theories.— Lectures and 
readings on the social theories of Comte, Mill, Spencer, Gum- 
plowicz, Tarde, Ward, Cooley, Ross, Giddings, and other.q. 
(For graduate and advanced students; second semester; S 
hours.) 

Sociology VII. — Seminar. — Problems in statistical meth- 
od, etc. (For graduate and advanced students; hours to be 
arranged.) 

POLITICAL SCIENCE 

Political Science I. — American Government. — Historical 
review; federal, state, and local government; administrative, 
legislative, and judicial aspects of government in operation; 
political parties and problems. (3 hours.) 

Political Science I la or b. — Municipal Government. — 
Municipal organization and administration in the United 
States and Europe. (Either semester; 3 hours.) 

Political Science Ilia or b. — Democracy. — Primitive, an- 
cient, modern, and ultimate democracy; democratic and anti- 
democratic forces. Special reference to American society. 
(Either semester; 3 hours.) 

Political Science llla or b.— Principles of Political Sci- 



72 UNIVERSITY OF FLORIDA 

ence. — Theory and practice of government in general. (Either 
semester; 3 hours.) 

Political Science IVa or h. — International Law and Di- 
plomacy. — Arbitration, courts, diplomacy, world organization. 
(Either semester; 3 hours; by special arrangement.) 



COLLEGE OF AGRICULTURE 73 

COLLEGE OF AGRICULTURE 

P. H. Rolfs, Dean 

GENERAL STATEMENT 

The College of Agriculture has three divisions : 

1. The College. 

2. The Agricultural Experiment Station. 

3. The Agricultural Extension Division. 

THE COLLEGE 

Faculty.—P. H. Rolfs, E. C. Arnold, L. W. Buchholz, H. 
W. Cox, H. S. Davis, J. M. Farr, W. L. Floyd, Wm. Gomme, 
J. J. Grimm, G. L. Herrington, S. W. Hiatt, E. W. Jenkins, C. 
Miltimore, J. L. McGhee, C. K. McQuarrie, F. Rogers, N. L. 
Sims, A. P. Spencer, J. Spencer, T. M. Simpson, J. E. Turling- 
ton, S. L. Vinson, E. S. Walker, C. H. Willoughby. 

Special Lecturers for 1918-1919 

Dr, E. W. Berger, Entomologist, State Plant Board. 

Dr. W. F. Blackman, President State Livestock Association, 

Dr. J. W. DeMilly, Acting State Veterinarian. 

Prof. H. Harold Hume, President State Horticultural Society, 

Dr. A. H. Logan, Field Agent, U. S. D. A., Bureau of Aninud 

Industry. 
Hon. W. A. McRae, Commissio7ier of Agriculture. 
Wilmon Newell, State Plant Commissioner. 
F. M. O'Byrne, State Nursery Inspector. 
L. M. Rhodes, Commissioner, State Marketing Bureau. 
Capt. R. E. Rose, State Chemist. 
Dr. E. H. Sellards, State Geologist. 
Frank Stirling, General Inspector, State Plant Board, 
R. W. Storrs, Member State Livestock Sanitary Board. 

Aim and Scope. — The College was established under the 
Acts of Congress creating and endowing institutions for the 
liberal and practical education of the industrial classes. 
Recognition of agriculture as a branch of collegiate instruction 
is a distinctive feature of schools thus founded. 



74 UNIVERSITY OF FLORIDA 

The aim of the College is to afford young men the best 
possible opportunity for gaining technical knowledge and 
training in the art and science of agriculture. About one-third 
of the student's time is devoted to technical studies and the 
other two-thirds to basic sciences and cultural studies, A broad 
foundation is thus laid which will enable graduates to become 
leaders in educational work or effective producing agricul- 
turists. 

Equipment. — Agricultural Hall provides space for offices; 
for classrooms in agronomy, animal husbandry, agricultural 
engineering, and horticulture; for laboratories in soils and 
fertilizers, crops and grain judging, farm machinery, farm 
power, milk testing, dairy manufactures, and horticulture. 

Libraries. — A large number of works on agriculture and 
horticulture have recently been added to the general library, 
A trained librarian aids students in getting quickly the refer- 
ences needed. Each department has, furthermore, a small 
collection of well-selected volumes, which are always accessible 
to students. The Experiment Station library, which is open 
every forenoon, contains a very complete set of bulletins from 
the experiment stations of the world and from the U. S. 
Department of Agriculture. These bulletins are fully indexed 
and carefully filed. 

Farms. — The College farm, used for instruction and for 
growing crops with which to feed the instruction herds, con- 
sists of 225 acres : 10 acres for trucking, 100 acres for pasture 
and field crops, 5 acres for orchard, 15 acres for soiling pur- 
poses and stock lots, and 5 acres for buildings and grounds. 
The equipment includes a hay and storage barn, a farm fore- 
man's house, a dairy barn, a machinery shed and corn crib, a 
potting house, and several irrigation systems. The Experi- 
ment Station farm and farm buildings are easily accessible to 
students. 

AGRONOMY DEPARTMENT 

The Agronomy Department occupies four rooms — a large, 
well-lighted and equipt soil laboratory, with adjoining storage 
and work room, an office, and a classroom. 

The soil laboratory is equipt with microscopes, sampling 
augers, tubes, and carriers ; balances, ovens, soil thermometers, 
packers, cylinders, and tubes; moisture absorption box with 
trays; percolation, capillary, and evaporation apparatus; 



COLLEGE OF AGRICULTURE 75 

sieves, shaker, etc. This equipment is of the best type and is 
fully adequate for giving thoro courses. There are three large 
stone-top desks with individual lockers for seventy-two stu- 
dents. The storage room is provided with soil bins, packer, 
cases, and shelving in abundance. 

For Agricultural Engineering work there are two labora- 
tories — the one for farm motors and iron work, the other for 
farm machinery and wood work. They are equipt with a 
large collection of labor-saving machinery: gasoline engines, 
windmills, feed grinders, stalk cutter, walking and riding 
plows, various types of harrows, walking and riding culti- 
vators, seeders, one- and two-horse corn planters, manure 
spreader, surveying implements, etc. Stress is laid upon in- 
struction in farm machinery, because labor-saving appliances 
have not yet come into general use in Florida, 

HORTICULTURAL DEPARTMENT 

In addition to classrooms and laboratories, ample provi- 
sion is made for practical work outdoors. A propagating 
house and nursery on the farm are used in carrying on strati- 
fication, layerage, cuttage, budding, grafting, and other meth- 
ods of plant propagation ; trees of different kinds are growing 
in the orchard, which, tho still small, is being gradually 
enlarged ; hot beds and cold frames are provided for starting 
young plants; an irrigation plant has been installed with 
Skinner, Campbell, Skinner-Stephens, Florida Favorite, and 
modified Skinner sprinkling devices and a surface furrow 
system; and large canvas-covered frames for growing crops 
to maturity in winter have been constructed. 

ANIMAL HUSBANDRY DEPARTMENT 

The Animul Husbandry Department is provided with a 
lecture-room containing seats for sixty students and a pad- 
dock, 12x24 feet in size, with concrete floor and iron railing, 
for exhibiting animals. The equipment includes a two-ton 
Fairbanks platform scale, tape lines, measuring standards, 
and projectors. In the dairy barn a stock-judging arena, 
30x40 feet, has been provided for practice in scoring animals. 

For work in Dairying the College has a large, well-lighted 
laboratory, equipt with several makes of hand-power cream 
separators, churns, and butter workers; milk cooler, gravity 



76 UNIVERSITY OF FLORIDA 

creamer, vats for cream ripening and cheese making; scales, 
wash sinks, sterilizer, and minor apparatus. 

The milk-testing laboratory contains working desks and 
machinery for all modern tests of daiiy products. The equip- 
ment includes Babcock testers of different sizes, cream scales, 
lactometers, acidmeters, butter-moisture tests, and the neces- 
sary glassware, reagents, etc. 

The equipment for Poultry Instruction includes incubator, 
brooders, and various poultry-yard appliances. Poultry breed- 
ers of the vicinity aid in the work by lending selected fowls 
for judging purposes. 

The Barns and Livestock include: A barn for the horses 
and mules used on the farm and campus; a large dairy barn 
of modern sanitary construction, provided with concrete floors 
and silos, steel stanchions and fittings, for the herd of high- 
grade and registered Jerseys belonging to the Experiment 
Station; a number of pens and grazing-yards with modern 
shelters and equipment, containing small breeding herds of 
Berkshire, Poland China, Duroc Jersey, Tamworth, and Ches- 
ter White hogs. Other breeds and classes of animals are being 
added from year to year. A concrete dipping-vat, built in 
cooperation with the Florida State Board of Health, is used 
for demonstrations of cattle-tick eradication. 

The County and State Fairs of Florida provide excellent 
practice each year in showing and in judging animals. Stu- 
dents are encouraged to take part in judging contests and to 
aid in show-ring work whenever practicable. The Southeast- 
ern Fair, Atlanta, Ga., offers prizes and medals to competing 
teams from all southern agricultural colleges. The Alachua 
County Fair, at Gainesville, and the Florida State Fair, at 
Jacksonville, offer special cash prizes and diplomas to stu- 
dents making the best records in stock judging. Several large 
herds of cattle and hogs within a few miles of the University, 
in Alachua and Marion Counties, are constantly available for 
inspection and judging purposes. The meat-packing houses 
and dairy plants of Jacksonville and vicinity are freely offered 
for study, and trips for this purpose under the guidance of 
instructors are arranged each year. 

VETERINARY DEPARTMENT 

The scope of instruction in Veterinary Science, up to 
1918 given by the professor of Animal Husbandry, will at 



COLLEGE OF AGRICULTURE 77 

once be widely extended, now that it has been made a separate 
department of the College. 

The equipment, which will be increased as rapidly as 
possible, already includes a mounted skeleton of a horse and 
of an ox, an asortment of charts, surgical instruments, 
numerous specimens of diseased tissue and of parasites, a 
well-equipt bacteriological laboratory, a good library, etc. 

The Agricultural Club. — The purpose of the Agricul- 
tural Club is to train the student in public speaking and in 
preparing for leadership. It also gives an opportunity for 
gaining a greater familiarity with the general trend of agri- 
culture. Every student is urged to become a member. 

Scholarships and Loan Funds.— Available during 1918- 
1919 were : 

William Wilson Finley Foundation, $1,000 Loan Fund. 

Bankers* Loan Fund. — The State Bankers' Association at 
their annual meeting in St. Augustine, 1917, voted a Loan 
Fund of One Thousand Dollars to students in agriculture. 
Those eligible to the loan must be recommended by the Presi- 
dent and the Auditor of the University. 

Corn Club Scholarships. — Bankers' Prize of $200. 

County Scholarships. — One scholarship from each county 
in the State, provided for by the following Legislative Act : 

CHAPTER 6837 (NO. 31) 

Be It Enacted by the Legislature of the State of Florida: 

Section 1. That the Board of County Commissioners of each county 
in this State is hereby authorized to offer and create one scholarship to 
the Agricultural Department of the University of Florida at Gainesville, 

Sec. 2. The said scholarship shall be awarded by competitive ex- 
amination under the rules and authority prescribed by the said Board of 
County Commissioners and shall entitle the holder thereof to a full 
course of instruction at the University of Florida and shall subject the 
holder thereof to the same rules and regulations as other students at the 
University of Florida. 

Sec. 3. All applicants for the said scholarship shall be eligible for 
admission to the University of Florida and anyone so appointed shall sign 
a certificate agreeing, if capable and otherwise qualified, to engage in 
agricultural pursuits in this State. Nothing in this Act shall be con- 
strued to interfere with their receiving compensation for services ren- 
dered while engaged in such pursuits. 

Sec. 4. That for the purpose of maintaining such scholarships the 
Board of County Commissioners of each county in this State is hereby 
authorized to appropriate from any funds at their disposal a sum suffi- 
cient to pay the board of the person receiving the said scholarship. 

Sec. 5. The term board herein named shall be construed to mean 
the regular dormitory rate and shall be paid monthly while the holder 
of the said scholarship is in attendance at the University of Florida. 



78 UNIVERSITY OF FLORIDA 

Sec. 6. All laws and parts of laws in conflict with this Act are 
hereby repealed. 

Sec. 7. This Act shall take effect upon its passage and approval. 
Approved June 5, 1915. 

Donations and Loans. — The laboratories have been sup- 
plied with much of their farm machinery for the purpose of 
instruction thru the generosity of the following manufac- 
turers : 

Stover Manufacturing Company, Freeport, 111. 

Wilder-Strong Implement Company, Monroe, Mich. 

Bean Spray Pump Company, Lansing, Mich. 

The Deming Co., Salem, Ohio. 

E. C. Brown Co., Rochester, N. Y. 

Courses. — The following courses are offer^'. 

1. A Four- Year Course. 

2. A Middle Course of Two Years. 

3. A One-Year Course. 

4. Two Four-Month Courses. 

5. A Ten-Day Course for Farmers. 

6. Fourteen Correspondence Courses. 

FOUR- YEAR COURSE 

Entrance Requirements. — See pages 36 to 42. 

Amount of Work. — Students must, before graduation^ 
satisfactorily complete sixty-six (66) year-hours and fulfil 
the requirements for practical farm work. All are required 
to take the same studies in the Freshman year ; and Agronomy 
II, III, and IV, Chemistry I, and Military Science II, in the 
Sophomore year. 

At the beginning of the Sophomore year the student selects 
Agronomy, Animal Husbandry, Horticulture, or Agricultural- 
Chemistry as his major subject, in which he must take at 
least nine hours above Freshman grade; he also selects nine 
additional hours, with the advice and consent of the head of 
the department in which the major is chosen, in other agri- 
culiural subjects. Three hours may be credited for supervised 
summer work. 

Eighteen hours must be selected from the following list: 
Bacteriology, Botany, Chemistry, Economics, Entomology, 
Geology, Mechanics, Plant Pathology, Plant Physiology, So- 
ciology, Surveying, and Zoology. 

The remaining hours may, on approval of the Dean, be 
selected in the College of Agriculture or from any other 



COLLEGE OF AGRICULTURE 79 

courses offered in the University that the student is prepared 
to pursue. 

No student will be allowed to take more than eighteen 
hours in any year, unless his general average during the 
previous year was at least 87 with no failure in any study ; or 
more than twenty hours, unless the previous year's average 
was at least 90 with no failure. 

Credits for Practical Work. — Students who, by agree- 
ment with the head of a department and the Dean, do practi- 
cal work, during their course of study, in any recognized agri- 
cultural pursuit, and who render competent and faithful serv- 
ice, will, on their return to College and on the presentation of 
a written report of their observations and experience, be en- 
titled to one semester-hour credit for each month of such work. 
Such credit shall not total more than six semester-hours in 
the Two- Year and Four- Year courses. 

Farm Experience Required. — At least three months of 
practical work is required before graduation, but credit for 
this will be given only as stated above. 

Degree. — The work outlined above, whatever the major 
subject, leads to the degree of Bachelor of Science in Agri- 
culture (B. S. A.). 

Remunerative and Instructive Labor. — Opportunities 
frequently occur for students to work in the fields and truck 
gardens, about the barns, in the buildings, and at the Agricul- 
tural Experiment Station. The compensation ranges from 
ten to twenty cents per hour, according to the experience of 
the student and the nature of the work. Those who, during 
vacation periods, find employment in agricultural pursuits will 
be markedly benefited and after graduation will command 
more desirable positions or find their efforts on the farm more 
effective. [See also Opportunities for Earning Expenses, 
page 33.] 



80 UNIVERSITY OF FLORIDA 



DEPARTMENTS OF INSTRUCTION 



AGRONOMY AND AGRICULTURAL ENGINEERING 

Professor Turlington Asst. Professor Rogers 

AGRONOMY 

The laboratory work and field observation aim to fix the 
principles learned in the classroom and to give them practical 
application. 

Agronomy Aa. — Elements of Agronomy. — The soil as re- 
lated to plant growth and the principles governing the produc- 
tion of the field and forage crops of Florida. (Short Courses 
and Practice High School; 3 hours.) 

Agronomy B&. — Fertilizers. — An elementary study of fer- 
tilizers, their nature and reaction on the soil and crop ; fertil- 
izer formulas and home mixing. A thoroly practical course, 
dealing with Florida conditions. (Short Courses and Practice 
High School; 3 hours.) 

Agronomy la. — Elementary Soils. — The origin, formation, 
and classification of soils ; general methods of soil management 
and the adaptation of soils to the requirements of plants. 
(Freshman year; 2 hours.) 

Agronomy 16. — Elementary Crops. — The origin, classifi- 
cation, and use of crop plants ; and the fundamental processes 
related to plant growth and reproduction. (Freshman year; 
2 hours.) 

Agronomy Ila. — Field Crops. — The various grain, fiber, 
and sugar crops with respect to their habits of growth, soil 
adaptations, fertilizer requirements, general methods of tillage 
and harvesting, and the most profitable forms in which to 
market them. Special attention will be given to corn, cotton, 
and sugar cane. (Sophomore year; class 2 hours, laboratory 2 
hours; credit 3 hours.) 

Agronomy 1116. — Forage Crops; Legumes, Grasses, etc.— 
Legumes, grasses, and miscellaneous forage plants, and their 
adaptability to the various Florida soils, seeding and cul- 
tural methods, harvesting and storing, composition and use, 
illustrated by specimens brought before the students and by 
field observations. This course includes one hour per week of 



COLLEGE OF AGRICULTURE 81 

work in the botany of grasses, given by the botanist. (Sopho- 
mcyre year; 3 hours.) 

Agronomy IV6. — Fertilizers. — The nature, composition, 
and sources of fertilizers and their reaction on soils and crops. 
Fertilizer formulas and home-mixing. The making and eco- 
nomical use of farm manures. Fertilizer requirements for 
various crops and other related topics. (Sophomore year; S 
hours.) 

Agronomy V. — Soil Technology. — The physical, chemical, 
and biological properties of soil as related to soil fertility and 
crop production ; soil management and drainage. (Junior year; 
recitations 2 hours, laboratory 2 hours; credit 3 hours.) 

Agronomy Via. — Farm Management. — The factors of pro- 
duction; systems of farming; their distribution and adapta- 
tion; farm accounts; problems of labor, machinery, storing, 
marketing, laying out farms, and planning rotation systems. 
(Senior year; 3 hours.) 

Agronomy VII&. — Advanced Course in Farm Manage- 
ment. — Special stress given to laying out and locating various 
buildings, lots, fields, and crops; cropping systems; surveys 
made in other states. (Senior year; 3 hours.) 

Agronomy VIII6. — Soil Management. — Factors in crop 
production, loss of plant food, methods and results obtained by 
investigators ; laboratory and field experiments. (Elective for 
Seniors; 3 hours.) 

Agronomy 1X6. — Rural Law. — Classification of property, 
boundaries, fences, stock laws, rents, contracts, deeds, mort- 
gages, taxes, laws governing shipping, etc. (Elective, Junior 
or Senior year; 2 hours.) 

Agronomy Xa or h. — Special Courses. — Special courses 
will be offered at the option of the instructors, on approval of 
the Dean. 

AGRICULTURAL ENGINEERING 

Mr. Rogers 

Agricultural Engineering la. — Farm Machinery. — 
Designed to give the student a thoro knowledge of the con- 
struction, selection, and operation of seeding, tilling, and 
harvesting machinery. (Freshman year; recitations 2 hours, 
laboratory U hours.) 

Agricultural Engineering Ila. — Farm Motors. — A study 



82 UNIVERSITY OF FLORIDA 

of the sources of power on the farm: windmill, gasoline and 
kerosene engines; special attention given to farm tractors. 
(Sophomore year; recitations 2 hours, laboratory ^ hours.) 

Agricultural Engineering III&. — Drainage and Irriga- 
tion, — Study of farm surveying, drainage and irrigation sys- 
tems; practice in making surveys of parts of farm and in 
designing systems. (Junior year; recitations 2 hours, labora- 
tory U hours.) 

Agricultural Engineering IV6. — Farm Buildings.— 
Study of farm buildings — ventilation, sanitation, construc- 
tion, cost, management; laboratory work in designing and 
drawing plans. (Junior or Senior year; recitations 2 hours, 
laboratory U hours.) 

AGRICULTURAL EDUCATION 

Professor Turlington Miss C. Miltimore 

Agricultural Education la. — Library Work. — Instruc- 
tion in use of card catalog, readers' guides, agricultural in- 
dexes, and reference books ; practice in collecting and making 
notes on assigned subjects. (Freshman year; 1 hour.) 

Agricultural Education lib. — Agricultural Organiza- 
tions. — The organization and proceedings of agricultural so- 
cieties. (Freshman year; 1 hour.) 

Agricultural Education Ilia. — Methods of Teaching Ag- 
riculture. — Instruction and practice in methods of presenting 
agricultural subjects ; materials and laboratory Hsage. (Senior 
year; 1 hour.) 

Agricultural Education IV6. — History of Agriculture. — 
Lectures and library work on the history and development of 
agricultural education. (Senior year; 2 hours.) 

animal husbandry and dairying 

Professor Will'oughby Asst. Professor 

ANIMAL HUSBANDRY 

The livestock industry holds an important place in Florida, 
as it commands a steady income and is a valuable aid in 
maintaining soil fertility. The basic principles taught in the 
College are applicable to all parts of America, altho special 
instruction is given for Florida conditions. 

Animal Husbandry Aa. — Elements of Animal Husbandry. 



COLLEGE OF AGRICULTURE 83 

— Types and breeds of farm animals, with some judging prac- 
tice; principles of breeding, feeding and management of live- 
stock. (Short Courses and Practice High School; 3 hours.) 

Animal Husbandry B&. — Elements of Dairying. — The 
dairy industry, including the production and handling of milk, 
buttermaking on the farm, composition and testing of dairy 
products, with laboratory practice. (Short Cowses and Prac- 
tice High School; 3 hours.) 

Animal Husbandry 16. — Tyves and Breeds of Animals. — 
Types and classes of farm animals ; leading breeds of horses, 
mules, cattle, sheep, and swine; practice in score-card and 
comparative judging. Animals owned by the College will be 
studied, and occasional trips made to nearby stock farms and 
stables. (Freshman year; k hours.) 

Animal Husbandry lla. — Animal Feeding. — Composition 
of plants and animals; digestion and assimilation; feeding 
standards and balanced rations. Feeding practice for differ- 
ent classes of animals. (Sophomore year; 2 hours.) 

Animal Husbandry ni6. — Animal Breeding. — Principles 
underlying the breeding of animals, including heredity, varia- 
tion, selection, environment; foundation and management of 
a breeding business. (Sophomore year; 2 hours.) 

Animal Husbandry IVa. — Beef Production. — Practical 
methods in beef production, including selection of feeders, 
feeding and management of beef cattle, finishing and market- 
ing, slaughter and packing-house methods. Consideration of 
same subjects in mutton production. (Junior year; 2 hours.) 

Animal Husbandry V&. — Swine Production. — Location 
and equipment of a hog farm, breeds of swine suited to the 
South ; growing feeds for grazing and fattening ; feeding and 
managing the herd ; marketing and slaughtering, curing meats 
on the farm. (Junior year; 2 hours.) 

Animal Husbandry Via. — Breeding History. — Advanced 
work in history of breeds, tabulation of pedigrees, and mathe- 
matical principles of thremmatology. (Elective; 2 hours.) 

Animal Husbandry VII6. — Animal Nutrition. — Review 
of latest books on nutrition of animals, by Armsby, Henry, 
Kellner, and others. (Elective; 2 hours.) 

Animal Husbandry VHIa. — Animal Conformation. — De- 
tailed study and measurement of market types of animals ; ad- 



84 UNIVERSITY OF FLORIDA 

vanced stock judging and show-ring practice at county and 
state fairs. (Elective; 2 hours.) 

Animal Husbandry 1X6. — Animal Industry Seminar. — 
Review and history of the livestock industry and its relation 
to agriculture; preparation of articles on local problems; 
reports on current literature and market quotations. (Elec- 
tive; 2 hours.) 

DAIRYING 

Dairying la. — Dairy Products. — Secretion, composition, 
properties of milk; testing milk and its products; methods 
of creaming; use of cream separators; manufacturing butter, 
cheese, etc. (Sophomore year; 3 hours.) 

Dairying life. — Dairy Farming. — Locations suitable for 
dairy farming; construction of sanitary barns, dairy houses, 
silos; selection of breeds, feeding and management of herd, 
testing and herd records; pastures, soiling crops, silage; 
marketing products. (Sophomore or Junior year; 3 hours.) 

Dairying III6. — Milk Inspection. — Methods of producing 
sanitary milk, city milk inspection ; Pasteurization and care of 
milk in the home ; score card for dairy herds and milk depots ; 
milk and cream contests. (Elective; 3 hours.) 

Dairying IV. — Dairy Manufactures. — Advanced work in 
making butter, cottage and Cheddar cheese, fermented milks, 
ice-cream and various market products ; creamery management 
and accounting. (Elective; 2 hours. Not offered during 
1919-1920.) 

POULTRY HUSBANDRY 

Poultry Husbandry Aa. — Farm Poultry. — Selection and 
handling, standard breeds, Q^g and meat production, incuba- 
tion and rearing of chicks, marketing products. (Short Course 
and Practice High School; 3 hours.) 

Poultry Husbandry la. — Poultry Culture. — Location and 
construction of poultry houses; principal breeds and score- 
card practice ; feeding for egg and meat production ; marketing 
and storing products. (Junior year; 3 hours.) 

Poultry Husbandry lib. — Poultry Management. — Breed- 
ing, care and management of the flock ; incubation and brood- 
ing ; embryology of the chick, anatomy and physiology of the 
fowl; records and accounts; treatment of diseases and para- 
sites. (Elective; 3 hours.) 



COLLEGE OF AGRICULTURE 85 

VETERINARY SCIENCE 

Professor Spencer 

The aim of this department is to equip students for life- 
work in stockraising or for entering the profession of veteri- 
nary medicine and surgery. The instruction given is of such 
a nature as to be immediately available for use. The diag- 
nosis and treatment of diseases and ailments of animals 
brought to the clinics form a valuable part of the course. 

Veterinary Science Aa. — Veterinary Elements. — Anato- 
my of skeleton: conformation and soundness; diseases con- 
stituting unsoundness pointed out on skeleton; examination 
for soundness ; practice in dentistry, wound management, hog 
vaccination, and minor surgery. (Short Courses; 3 hours.) 

Veterinary Science 16. — Veterinary Elements. — ^Anato- 
my and physiology of internal organs; common diseases of 
farm animals : nature, causes, symptoms, treatments ; practice 
in methods of administering medicines, action, uses, and doses 
of drugs employed; description and life-history of animal 
parasites and means of eradication. (3 hours.) 

Veterinary Science Ila. — Disease and Treatment. — De- 
signed for students wishing to engage in livestock manage- 
ment or as preparatory course for those desiring to enter 
the veterinary profession. Anatomy and physiology ; diseases 
of farm animals : causes, symptoms, prevention, management ; 
action, uses, and doses of drugs employed. (3 hours.) 

Veterinary Science III6. — Contagious and Parasitic Dis- 
eases. — Communicable diseases of livestock under Florida con- 
ditions : nature of infection, means of communication, animals 
susceptible, period of latency, symptoms, prevention, post- 
mortems, disposal of carcasses. Life-history of parasites and 
parasitic diseases ; means of eradication, illustrated with lan- 
tern slides, natural specimens, etc. (3 hours.) 

Veterinary Science la and 116. — Practical Course. — Ar- 
rangements have been made for holding clinics one afternoon a 
week. Students are required to attend and take part. (Labo- 
ratory, 3 hours.) 

agricultural journalism 

Miss Vinson 

Agrictdtural Journalism. — Lectures on the principles of 
agricultural journalism; laboratory work in gathering and 



86 UNIVERSITY OF FLORIDA 

writing news, copy reading. Students prepare copy for agri- 
cultural press. (Junior or Senior year; 3 hours.) 

HORTICULTURE AND ECONOMIC BOTANY 

Professor Floyd Asst. Professor 



In a subtropical climate unusual opportunities for the 
study of horticulture are presented. The wonderful variety 
of plants, the peculiar problems involved in their growth and 
development, and the accomplishments of those who have 
given time and labor to the solution of those problems, offer 
inviting fields for study and experiment. Both the practical 
and the esthetic tendencies may be cultivated. 

The department with its orchard, garden, laboratory, and 
library, offers fine opportunity for instruction, experiment, and 
research. 

Horticulture Ah. — Elements of Horticulture. — Varieties 
and culture requirements of our principal fruits and vege- 
tables; location of orchards and gardens with reference to 
soils, climate, and markets; protection from insects and dis- 
eases; harvesting and marketing; styles of decorative plant- 
ing adapted to home and school. (Eleventh Grade, Practice 
High School; 3 hours.) 

Horticulture I. — Plant Propagation. — Propagation by 
means of division, cutting, layering, budding, and grafting; 
seed selection, storing, and testing; and the fundamental 
physiological processes; practice in propagating common 
fruits, flowers, and shrubs. (Freshman year; 2 hours.) 

Horticulture II. — Trucking. — Vegetables adapted to 
Florida, seasons in which they are grown, cultural methods, 
fertilizing, irrigating, packing, and marketing. (Sophomore 
year; 2 hours.) 

Horticulture III6. — Floriculture. — The growing of flow- 
ers upon the home grounds, pot plants, greenhouse crops and 
their cultural requirements, including ventilation, watering, 
and heating. (Sophomore year; 2 hours.) 

Horticulture IVa. — Citrus Culture. — Soils suitable for 
citrus groves, their preparation, planting, cultivation, fertil- 
ization, selection of varieties, and the use of cover crops. (Ju- 
nior year; 3 hours.) 

Horticulture V&. — Citrus Harvesting, Marketing and 
Judging. — Methods of picking, handling, washing, drying, 



COLLEGE OF AGRICULTURE 87 

packing, and shipping citrus fruits ; identification of the lead- 
ing commercial varieties and score-card judging. (Junior 
year; 2 hours.) 

Horticulture Via. — Insects and Diseases of Citrus Fruits. 
' — Injurious insects and important physiological and fungus 
diseases and their treatment. (Prerequisite or corequisite, 
IVa; Senior year; 3 hours.) 

Horticulture Vila. — Deciduous and Subtropical Fruits. 
— Peaches, pears, persimmons, grapes, pecans, guavas, avoca- 
dos, mangoes, etc. ; varieties adapted to the State, their plant- 
ing, cultivation, diseases, insect enemies. (Junior year; 3 
hours.) 

Horticulture VIII6. — Plant Breeding. — Cross pollination 
and hybridization of plants, improvement by selection, breed- 
ing for special qualities, methods of successful breeders ; field 
work. (Prerequisites: la and Botany I; Junior year; 3 hours.) 

Horticulture 1X6. — Landscape Gardening. — The princi- 
ples of landscape gardening, plants suitable for planting, im- 
provement of home, school, and public grounds, etc. (Senior 
year; 2 hours.) 

Horticulture Xa. — General Forestry. — The principles of 
forestry, forest cropping, protecting the home wood lot, use 
of Florida woods, varieties of timber trees, and the influences 
of the forests on other industries of the State. (Junior or 
Senior year; 3 hours.) 

Horticulture XI6. — Forest Mensuration. — The determi- 
nation of the age and volume of trees and stands. Estimating 
standing timber by the hypsometer, dendrometer, and other 
instruments. Principles of volume and yield; tables and log 
rules. (Prerequisite: IXa; Junior or Senior year; 3 hours.) 

Horticulture Xlla. — The Evolution of Cultivated Plants. 
— Evolution as applied to the modification of cultivated plants, 
particularly the fruits. (Prerequisite: VI I lb; Senior year; 
2 hours.) 

Botany lb. — Economic Botany. — A study of the relation- 
ship, habits, characteristics, and environmental relations of 
the important crop plants, with laboratory study of important 
types. (Sophomore year; recitations 2 hours, laboratory 2 
hours.) 

Botany Ila. — Grasses and Weeds. — A study of the rela- 
tionships of grasses and weeds, their characteristics, and 



88 UNIVERSITY OF FLORIDA 

economic importance. Methods of introduction of weeds, and 
how to combat them ; a study of their seeds, so that they may 
be recognized. (Junior year; recitations 2 hours, laboratory 
2 hours.) 

Botany III6. — Morphology of Thallophytes. — Designed for 
students desiring advanced work on algae and fungi — with 
reference to classification, differentiation, and morphology. 
Fresh-water algae will be studied from living specimens in 
the laboratory, and students will make permanent microscopic 
slides of the species studied. Many of the marine algae will 
be studied from preserved specimens. The study of the fungi 
prepares for Plant Pathology. The field work will consist of 
collecting and identifying the fungus flora of the vicinity. 
(Junior year; recitations 1 hour, laboratory U hours.) 

Botany IVa. — Morphology of the Higher Plants. — A study 
of the Bryophytes, Pteridophytes, and Spermatophytes, with 
reference to classification, morphology, and differentiation. In 
the field and in the laboratory the student will learn to recog- 
nize all the common liverworts, mosses, ferns, fern allies and 
conifers, and the more important groups of the Monocotyle- 
dons and Dicotyledons, especially those of economic im- 
portance. (Senior year; recitation 1 hour, laboratory U hours.) 

OTHER DEPARTMENTS 

Descriptions of electives and other subjects that may be 
taken by students in the College of Agriculture can be found 
by reference to the Index. 

MIDDLE COURSE IN AGRICULTURE 

For those who cannot meet the requirements for entrance 
to the Freshman class, or who may not wish to pursue the 
Four- Year Course and yet desire training in agriculture, a 
two-year course is offered. This course is not designed to 
supplant or in any way to be a substitute for the college course 
outlined above. 

Entrance Requirements.— To be admitted, students must 
be at least sixteen years of age. The scholastic requirements, 
which are equivalent to the work completed in the tenth grade 
or Junior high schools, are : 



COLLEGE OF AGRICULTURE 89 

English 2 units 

Mathematics 2 units 

History 1 unit 

Elective 3 units 

8 units 

Title. — The title of Graduate in Farming (G.F.) is con- 
ferred upon students who satisfy the entrance requirements 
and complete the Middle Course. 

Certificate. — Those who cannot satisfy the entrance 
requirements may be admitted to the Middle Course upon 
showing a knowledge of the common-school branches, and 
will be awarded a certificate for the work done. 

MIDDLE COURSE 

Leading to the Title of Graduate in Farming 

First Year 

Names of Courses Nature of Work * Hours per Week 

Required Work: 

Agricultural Education I Library Work 1 

Agricultural Education II Agricultural Oi-ganizations 1 

Agricultural Engineering I.. ..Farm Machinery 4 

Agronomy I Elements of Agronomy 2 2 

Animal Husbandry I Types and Breeds of Animals 4 

Biology la General Biology 3 

Biology 116 General Botany 3 

Horticulture I Plant Propagation 2 2 

Military Science 1 1 1 

Elective 5 5 

18 18 

Second Year 

Required work: 

Agronomy B Fertilizers 3 

Agronomy II Field Crops 3 

Agronomy III Forage Crops and Grasses 3 

Animal Husbandry II Animal Feeding 2 

Horticulture II Trucking 2 2 

Military Science II 1 1 

Biology VI Economic Zoology 3 3 

Elective : 7 6 

18 18 

*The first column gives the hours per week for the first semester, the 
second column the hours per week for the second semester. 



00 UNIVERSITY OF FLORIDA 



Names of Courses Nature of Work Hours per Week 

Elective Studies: 

(First Semester) 

Agric'l Engineering II Farm Motors 4 

Agronomy V Soil Technology 3 

Agronomy VI Farm Management 3 

Animal Husbandry IV Beef Production 2 

Animal Husbandry VI Breeding History 2 

Biology XIa General Bacteriology 8 

Chemistry I . General Chemistry 5 

Dairying I Dairy Products 2 

Horticulture IV Citrus Culture 3 

Horticulture VI Insects and Diseases of Citrus Fruits 8 

Horticulture VII Deciduous and Subtropical Fruits 3 

Horticulture X Forestry 3 

Poultry Husbandry A Farm Poultry 3 

Poultry Husbandry I Poultry Culture 8 

Veterinary Science I Veterinary Elements 3 

Veterinary Science II Veterinary Physiology 3 

(Second Semester) 

Agricultural Education IV Extension Teaching 2 

Agricultural Journalism 3 

Agric'l Engineering III Drainage and Irrigation 4 

Agric'l Engineering IV Farm Buildings 4 

Agronomy IV Fertilizers 3 

Agronomy V Soil Technology 3 

Agronomy VII Farm Management .«. 3 

Agronomy IX Rural Law 2 

Animal Husbandry III Animal Breeding 2 

Animal Husbandry V Swine Production 2 

Animal Husbandry VII Animal Nutrition 2 

Biology XII6 ..Agricultural Bacteriology 3 

Chemistry I General Chemistry 5 

Horticulture III Floriculture 2 

Horticulture V Citrus Harvesting and Marketing 2 

Horticulture VIII Plant Breeding 2 

Horticulture IX Landscape Gardening 2 

Poultry Husbandry II Poultry Management 3 

Veterinary Science III Animal Diseases 3 

Note — This course may, with the approval of the Dean and the consent 
of the instructors, be altered to suit the needs of individual students. 
Students shall choose from the elective studies, from other courses, 
or from the Practice High School of the Teachers College, a suffi- 
cient number to make a total of not less than eighteen nor more than 
twenty-three hours per week. All choice of electives must, further- 
more, ke submitted to the Dean. 



COLLEGE OF AGRICULTURE 91 

ONE- YEAR COURSE IN AGRICULTURE 

This course will meet the needs of those who can spend 
only one year at school. The only requirement for admission 
is a knowledge of the common school branches. Certificates 
will be granted to those who complete the course. 

Names of Courses Nature of Work Hours per Week 

(First Semester) 

Agricultural Education I Library Work 1 

Agricultural Engineering I....Farm Machinery 4 

Agricultural Engineering IL.Farm Motors 4 

Agronomy I Elements of Agronomy 2 

Agronomy II Field Crops 3 

Agronomy VI Farm Management 3 

Animal Husbandry A Elements of Animal Husbandry 3 

Animal Husbandry II J^nimal Feeding 2 

Animal Husbandry IV Beef Production 2 

Dairying I Dairy Products 3 

Horticulture I Plant Propagation 2 

Horticulture II Trucking 2 

Horticulture IV Citrus Culture 3 

Horticulture VI Insects and Diseases of Citrus Fruits 3 

Horticulture VII Deciduous and Subtropical Fruits 3 

Horticulture X Forestry 3 

*Military Drill R 

Poultry Husbandry A Farm Poultry 3 

Poultry Husbandry I Poultry Culture 3 

Veterinary Science I Veterinary Elements 3 

Veterinary Science II Veterinary Physiology 3 

(Second Semester) 

Agricultural Education II Agricultural Organizations 1 

Agronomy I Elements of Agronomy 2 

Agronomy II Fertilizers 3 

Agronomy III Forage Crops and Grasses 3 

Agronomy IV Fertilizers 3 

Agronomy VII Farm Management 3 

Agric'l Engineering III Drainage and Irrigation 4 

Agric'l Engineering IV Farm Buildings 4 

Animal Husbandry I Types and Breeds of Animals 4 

Animal Husbandry III Animal Breeding 3 

Animal Husbandry V Swine Production 2 

Dairying II Dairy Farming 3 

Horticulture A Elements of Horticulture 3 

Horticulture I Plant Propagation 2 

Horticulture II Trucking 2 

Horticulture III Floriculture 2 

Horticulture V Citrus Harvesting, Markets, Judging 2 

Horticulture IX Landscape Gardening 2 

♦Military Drill R 

Poultry Husbandry II Poultry Management 3 

Veterinary Science III Animal Diseases 3 

Note — Students shall select not less than eighteen nor more than twenty- 
three hours per week, except on approval of the Dean, to whom all 
choice of studies must be submitted. 

♦Attendance upon Military Drill is required. 



92 UNIVERSITY OF FLORIDA 

FOUR-MONTH COURSE IN AGRICULTURE 

The work of each semester of the One- Year Course out- 
lined above has been so planned as to form of itself a well 
rounded course of study which can be pursued to advantage 
by those unable to spend more than four months at the Uni- 
versity. Each of these Four-Month Short Courses, one of 
which begins on September 23, 1919, and the other on Febru- 
ary 9, 1920, should appeal to farmers who wish to increase 
their productive power, to young men who expect to become 
farmers, and to those who are turning from other lines of 
work in order to obtain the advantages of countiy life. 

Military Drill is not required of those who take only one of 
these courses, but is required of those who take both during 
the same scholastic year. 

TEN-DAY COURSES FOR FARMERS 

Beginning January 6th, 1920, and ending January 16, 1920. 
The Farmers* Ten-Day Courses are especially suited to the 
needs of the following classes: Farmers of all ages who 
recognize their need for some training in scientific agriculture 
in order to render more etfective the practical knowledge they 
have already gained; young men who are compelled to drop 
out of school and yet desire to devote a short time to special 
preparation for work upon the farm; city students who wish 
to fit themselves for farm life ; colonists who wish information 
regarding Florida conditions and methods. 

The laboratory equipment, the purebred livestock, and the 
farms will be available for instruction; the Agricultural Ex- 
periment Station will afford opportunity for observation and 
inquiry. Care has been taken to meet the needs of practical 
farmers. The courses will consist of lectures, laboratory 
work, and field observations and demonstrations in general 
field crops, soils, horticulture, animal husbandry, dairying, 
poultry, veterinary science, and agricultural engineering. 

There are no age limits and no educational requirements 
for admission. 

Expenses. — The necessary expenses for those who board at 
the University are : 

Board, room, heat, light for eleven days $11.00 

Laundry and incidentals (estimated) 1.00 

Total $12.00 



COLLEGE OF AGRICULTURE 93 

CORRESPONDENCE COURSES 

Dean Rolfa Miss Vinson 

The modern university does not limit its services to those 
that come to study on the campus, the number of whom is 
necessarily small, but seeks to extend its benefits to every 
community in its state. Hence the College of Agriculture 
endeavors, thru its Extension Division and its Correspondence 
Courses, to reach and to help every rural district in Florida. 
The Legislature of 1909, it is true, authorized instruction in 
agriculture in the public schools ; nevertheless, there are many 
on the farm who still feel the need of agricultural training. 
It is for these, for teachers, for prospective farmers, and for 
new settlers unacquainted with Florida conditions, that cor- 
respondence courses are offered. 

It is not expected that these courses can be as effective as 
resident study, wherein the student has the advantages of 
laboratory equipment and of personal contact with competent 
instructors. But those who cannot attend the University will 
find the courses profitable and instructive. Their effective- 
ness is limited only by the initiative and diligence of the 
student. 

Fourteen courses, organized according to recognized stand- 
ards, are offered. Others will be added as rapidly as demands 
justify. For the convenience of persons who wish to specialize 
in some branch of agriculture, the courses given are grouped 
into five divisions. Any one or all of the courses may be taken. 
It is best, however, to pursue them in some logical order. 

(A) For Farmers, — The following courses are offered: 

Elementary Agriculture Breeds of Livestock, Feeds and 

Soils Feeding 

Tillage Dairy Production 

Drainage and Irrigation Swine Production 

Manures and Fertilizers Poultry Production 

Fertilizers and Crops (advanced Citrus Fruits and Citrus Culture 

course) Trucking 

Field Crops Cooperation in Agriculture 

These are grouped under the heads: Animal Husbandry, 
Dairying, Agronomy, Citrus Culture, and Trucking. Element- 
ary Agriculture stands first in each group and will be found 
invaluable as a basis for practical farming and further study. 

The agronomy group is of special interest to those living in 
the northern and western parts of the State, the citrus and 



94 UNIVERSITY OF FLORIDA 

trucking groups to those in the southern and central portions, 
dairying and animal husbandry to those living anywhere in 
Florida. Those wishing to specialize in some branch of agri- 
culture will find the groups in trucking, citrus, poultry, and 
dairying valuable. The general farmer will be interested in 
animal husbandry, agronomy, and perhaps, dairying. 

(B) For Teachers. — Only Elementary Agriculture is 
necessary for teachers preparing for examination for a cer- 
tificate, nevertheless they would find all the courses offered 
above helpful, as they cannot hope to render the best service 
without additional knowledge of agriculture. 

To cover office expenses a registration fee of $1.00 is 
charged for each course. Florida students pay no tuition fee ; 
others are charged a nominal sum, the amount of which de- 
pends upon the course. Students must buy textbooks and 
pay postage on manuscripts to and from the University. Regis- 
tration may be made at any time during the year. Both men 
and women are eligible. Negroes are referred to the Agricul- 
tural and Mechanical College for Negroes, at Tallahassee. For 
further information apply to the Dean ®f the College of Ag- 
riculture. 

AGRICULTURAL MEETINGS 

A large number of people interested in agriculture meet 
annually at the University. These find excellent accommoda- 
tions and facilities better for their purposes than anywhere 
else in the State. Laboratories, classrooms, and exhibits, as 
well as the growing crops, barns, and other equipment, are 
placed freely at their service. 

The following meetings were held during the past year : 

1. Ninth Annual Citrus Seminar, September 24-27. 

2. Live-Stock Round Up, September 24-27. 

8. Tractor and Farm Machinery Exhibit, September 
24-27. 

4. County Demonstration Agents, September 30-October 4. 

5. Boys' Short Course in Agriculture, December 10-14. 



AGRICULTURAL EXPERIMENT STATION 96 

AGRICULTURAL EXPERIMENT STATION 

P. H. Rolfs, Director 

Staff.— P. H. Rolfs, S. E. Collison, B. F. Floyd, J. M. 
Scott, C. D. Sherbakoff, H. E. Stevens, J. B. Thompson, J. E. 
Turlington, G. Umlauf, T. Van Hyning, S. L. Vinson, J. R. 
Watson. 

Aim and Scope. — Agricultural experiment stations are 
institutions, founded by Congressional act, the purpose of 
which is to acquire and diffuse agricultural knowledge. From 
the enacting clause it is evident that Congress intended to 
establish with every college and university receiving the 
benefits of the original "Land-Grant Act" an institution for 
purely investigational work. The Florida Agricultural Ex- 
periment Station was founded in 1888 and has continued 
without interruption. Inasmuch as its funds are received 
from Federal sources, it must comply with the requirements 
of the Federal law. Its income must be used for the purpose 
of acquiring new and important knowledge in regard to crops 
and soils and no part can be expended, directly or indirectly, 
for teaching purposes or for holding Farmers* Institutes, and 
only five per cent for building or making repairs. In order 
to receive the benefits of the Adams fund, the Station must 
submit plans for proposed experiments to the U. S. Department 
of Agriculture for approval before any of the moneys are 
spent in investigation. 

Advantages of Location. — The advantages of having 
the Agricultural Experiment Station at the University are 
obvious. At frequent intervals the investigators deliver pop- 
ular and technical lectures, either to the student-body as a 
whole or to special clubs and local organizations. As the 
fields and orchards of the Station are used solely for experi- 
mental purposes and as its laboratories are planned and con- 
ducted for research work, they contribute to the opportunities 
of the students for studying methods of scientific investiga- 
tion. Some of those with special aptitude have an opportunity 
of assisting the specialists in charge. 

Minor positions, such as those of laboratory assistant, are 
occasionally open and, whenever practicable, are given to 
graduates of the University. Such assistants are paid a small 



96 UNIVERSITY OF FLORIDA 

salary for half of their time and during the other half are 
free to take studies leading to higher degrees. 

Building. — See page 18. 

Lines of Investigation. — The lines of investigation car- 
ried on fall naturally into several departments: Horticulture, 
including the introduction, breeding, and propagation of 
plants ; Animal Industry, including the study of feed crops, the 
effect of feeding certain crops to cattle and hogs and the 
growing of feed and forage crops; Agronomy, including the 
breeding of cotton, corn, and other farm crops; Plant Path- 
ology, including the study of plant diseases produced by fungi 
and bacteria; Plant Physiology, including the study of plants 
as affected by fertilizer and soil conditions; Chemistry, in- 
cluding the study of fertilizers and soils, especially as to their 
effects on plants ; Entomology, including the study of insecti- 
cides and insects and their parasites. The work of the Station 
is, however, not sharply divided among these different depart- 
ments. The Staff formulate what are known as projects, the 
work on which is continued regardless as to whether its rami- 
fications take it into one or another department, and not infre- 
quently two or more departments are engaged in the solution 
of the same project — in other words, the work is limited only 
by the abilities of the Staff and the resources of the institution. 

Projects. — Some of the more important projects are : 

1. The study of soils and fertilizers in their relation to plant growth 
and development. 

2. The study of certain citrus diseases, such as Gumming, Mela- 
nose, Canker, Anthracnose, Blight, and Stem-End Decay. 

3. The study of vegetable diseases — cantaloupe blight, bacterial 
diseases of cucumbers and other vegetables and seed bed diseases affect- 
ing Lettuce, Celery, Eggplant, and Tomatoes. 

4. The study of a disease (hitherto unstudied) of the pecan virhich is 
affecting this crop in different localities. 

5. The study of Pineapple wilts. 

6. The study of Velvet Bean caterpillar. 

7. The control of Root-knot. 

8. The control of Camphor and other thrips, and scale insects. 

9. Studies in the effect upon citrus trees of different quantities and 
combinations of the nutrient elements. 

10. Experiments in milk, pork, and beef production to determine 
the most economical feeds. 

11. The trying out of different forage crops for all kinds of live 
stock. 

12. Experiments with different kinds of silage with the view to 
determining the best for the use of the Florida stock raiser. 

13. Studies in the effect of different fertilizing material on the 
production of Irish potatoes. 



UNIVERSITY EXTENSION 97 

14. Cooperative experiments with farmers in various sections of 
the State, to ascertain the value of different new forage crops. 

15. Study of diseases and insects of truck crops. 

16. Study of diseases of the cotton crop. 

Publications. — Compilations and information of a gen- 
oral nature cannot be printed from Federal funds, hence the 
publications of the Experiment Station are limited to reports 
of work done by members of its Staff. The publications per- 
missible fall into three classes : Bulletins, Press Bulletins, and 
Annual Reports. The Bulletins contain the more or less com- 
plete results of some particular investigation. At least four 
are issued anually; one hundred and fifty-one have appeared. 
The Press Bulletins are prepared in order to bring to the 
citizens of Florida information connected with the investiga- 
tions that are being carried on, before all the work necessary 
for the publishing of a Bulletin has been completed. They are 
issued at short intervals, three hundred and eight having 
already appeared. The Annual Reports contain a brief state- 
ment of the work done, as well as of the expenditure of funds. 
Twenty-eight have been published. 

All of these publications are distributed free upon request. 

DIVISION OF UNIVERSITY EXTENSION 

P. H. Rolfs, Director 

Staff.— P. H. Rolfs, W. H. Black, R. W. Blacklock, S. E. 
Collison, H. W. Cox, B. F. Floyd, Miss Minnie Floyd, W, L. 
Floyd, Wm. Gomme, Miss Agnes Ellen Harris, G. L. Herring- 
ton, S. W. Hiatt, L. Highfill, E. W. Jenkins, Miss Harriett B. 
Layton, A. H. Logan, C. K. McQuarrie, Miss May Morse, Miss 
Sarah W. Partridge, F. Rogers, N. W. Sanborn, J. M. Scott, 
C. D. Sherbakoff, A. P. Spencer, J. Spencer, H. E. Stevens, 
J. B. Thompson, J. O. Traxler, J. E. Turlington, S. L. Vinson, 
J. R. Watson, C. H. Willoughby. 

COUNTY DEMONSTRATION AGENTS 

County Agent Address 

Alachua C. D. Gunn Gainesville 

Baker J. S. Johns ..Macclenny 

Bay .....Panama City 

Bradford Starke 

Brevard C. D. Kime Titusville 

Broward ..Ft. Lauderdale 



98 UNIVERSITY OF FLORIDA 

County Agent Address 

Calhoun ......J. E. Yon Blountstown 

Citrus J. E. King Lecanto 

Clay W. T. Nettles Green Cove Springs 

Columbia S. S. Smith Jennings 

Dade J. S. Rainey Miami 

DeSoto W. A. Sessoms Arcadia 

Duval W. L. Watson Jacksonville 

Escambia C. W. Burnett Pensacola 

Flagler W. H. Deen Bunnell 

Franklin Apalachicola 

Gadsden M. N. Smith River Junction 

Hamilton ....S. S. Smith Jennings 

Hernando Jas. Mountain Brooksville 

Hillsboro R. T. Kelley Plant City 

Holmes J. J. Sechrest Bonifay 

Jackson L. J. Thompson Marianna 

Jefferson Monticello 

Lafayette J. L. Poore Mayo 

Lake ..Tavares 

Lee J. M. Boring Ft. Myers 

Leon R. I. Matthews Tallahassee 

Levy Bronson 

Liberty H. G. McDonald Bristol 

Madison C. E. Matthews ....Madison 

Manatee O. W. Caswell Bradentown 

Marion H. Blackburn Ocala 

Nassau W. W. Ward Boulogne 

Okaloosa R. J. Hart Laurel Hill 

Okeechobee L. E. Davis Okeechobee 

Orange ..E. F. DeBusk Orlando 

Osceola M. M. Javens Kissimmee 

Palm Beach R. A. Conkling West Palm Beach 

Pasco R. T. Weaver Dade City 

Pinellas J. H. Jefferies Clearwater 

Polk Kathleen 

Putnam L. Cantrell Palatka 

St. Johns K. W. Lord St. Augustine 

St. Lucie Alfred Warren Ft. Pierce 

Santa Rosa ..R. T. Oglesby Milton 

Seminole C. M. Berry Sanford 

Sumter M. S. Hill Coleman 

Suwannee D. A. Armstrong Live Oak 

Taylor L. R. Moore Perry 

Volusia R. E. Lenfest DeLand 

Wakulla W. T. Green Arran 

Walton J. W. Mathison DeFuniak Springa 

Washington Geo. E. Mead Chipley 



UNIVERSITY EXTENSION 99 

COUNTY HOME DEMONSTRATION AGENTS 
County Agent Address 

Baker Miss Harriett Hawthorn Macclenny 

Bay Mrs. Laura F. Look Panama City 

Bradford Mrs. Emma K. Calhoun. .Starke 

Brevard Miss Cornelia Smith Titusville 

Calhoun Mrs. Grace F. Warren... .Blountstown 

Citrus Miss Martha Williamson Inverness 

Clay Mrs. W. T. Nettles Green Cove Springs 

Dade Mrs. Lileon Brady Miami 

Dade, Ass't Mrs. Nellie A. Bush Goulds 

DeSoto .Mrs. Ann J. Campbell ....Arcadia 

DeSoto, Ass't Miss Catherine Banks....Arcadia 

Duval .......„......„.Mrs. Effie Wellington 2939 Liberty St., 

Jacksonville 

Escambia ..Miss Myrtle Floyd ..Pensacola 

Gadsden Miss Ruby McDavid Hinson 

Hernando .Mrs. Etta Matthews Brooksville 

Hillsboro Miss Janie Stroud Plant City 

Hillsboro, Ass't ..Miss Edith Cole Young..City Hall, Tampa 

Jackson .Mrs. Ivie Turnbull Marianna 

Jefferson Mrs. Jennie C. Duncum..MonticelIo 

Lafayette Miss Flora Clower Mayo 

Lake ..Miss Catherine Hoyt Tavares 

Lee Mrs. May Gordon Curtis Ft. Myers 

Leon Miss Lura Dyer Tallahassee 

Madison ..Miss Edna Smith Madison 

Manatee .Miss Eloise McGriff Bradentown 

Marion Mrs. Caroline Moorhead Ocala 

Okaloosa Miss Margaret Cobb Crestview 

Orange Mrs. Nellie Taylor Orlando 

Osceola Miss Albina Smith Kissimmee 

Palm Beach Miss Elizabeth Hopkins.. West Palm Beach 

Pinellas Miss Hazel Carter Largo 

Polk Miss Lois Godbey Bartow 

Putnam Miss Josephine SipprelL.Palatka 

St. Johns Miss Anna E. Heist St. Augustine 

St. Lucie .....Miss Grace Holt Ft. Pierce 

Santa Rosa Miss Winnie Warren Milton 

Suwannee Miss Alice Dorsett ..Branford 

Taylor Miss E. H. Roberts Perry 

Volusia .....Mrs. Willa Steed DeLand 

Walton Miss Grace E. Kent DeFuniak Springs 

Washington Mrs, Susie Sapp Crofton Chipley 

Washington Mrs. Anna B. Fielder Chipley 

CITY AGENTS 

Key West Miss Dorothy Neibert 

Miami Miss Lucy Caroline Cushman 

Tampa Miss Flora Herold 



100 UNIVERSITY OF FLORIDA 

GENERAL STATEMENT 

The Agricultural Extension Division, having in view the 
welfare of the farm family as a whole, supports a system of 
practical education. It teaches the results of scientific experi- 
ments in farm crops and livestock, in orchards and gardens, 
as well as gives practical information gained by experience. 
It offers farm women instruction in home economics — prac- 
tical instruction in the home or at a community center; 
scientific instruction thru special courses at the State College 
for Women. It trains the boys and girls of farm homes thru 
corn, pig, canning, and preserving clubs and thru short courses 
at the University or the State College. 

The plan includdih# *^ ^" ^ - . 

[ I. Cooperative Demonstrati5n'work: 

(a) Demonstration Agents:"* 

(->)?■ r;Scho9Js for Agents. 
(2)- -Gr"iup Meetings. 

(b) Boys' Work: 

(1) Corn Clubs. 
- (2) Pig .Clubs. 

(3) Peanut fl«b*.;i..-; 

(c) Women's W6i*k:- ; • •. " - 

( 1 ) Girrs' Canning Cluba. 

(2) Girls' Poultry Clubs. 

(3) Work in Homes. 

(4) Farm Butter Making. 

(d) Boys' and Girls' Club Contests. 

II. Institutes: 

(a) Farmers' Institutes. 

(b) Women's Institutes. 

(c) Field Meetings. 

III. Cooperation with Bureaus of U. S. Department of Agriculture: 

(a) Hog-Cholera Control. 

(b) Extension work in 

(1) Beef and Mutton Production. 

(2) Truck Insects. 

(3) Insects of Stored Grains. 

(4) Sweet Potato Storage. 

(5) Farm-Labor Distribution, 

(6) Better Poultry. 

(7) Plant Pathology. 

(8) Forage Crops. 

COOPERATIVE DEMONSTRATION WORK 

County Cooperative Demonstration Work was started by 
the late Dr. Seaman A. Knapp, who had in view the improve- 
ment of rural conditions in the South. The Southern Educa- 
tion Board bore the entire expense until 1910 and a part of 
the expense until 1913. The advent and spread of the Texas 




UNIVERSITY EXTENSION 101 

cotton boll-weevil proved so threatening to the agricultural 
interests of Florida that in 1911 the State Legislature made 
an annual appropriation of $5000 to offset Federal funds 
already appropriated by Congress. The good accomplished 
and the increasing need led in 1914 to the passage by Congress 
of the Smith-Lever Bill. 

The State Legislature has enacted laws enabling Florida 
to secure all the benefits of the Smith-Lever Act and of other 
appropriations of Congress. Hence, at the beginning of the 
calendar year of 1919, the State has the services of specialists 
for the promotion of its livestock, dairying, fruit, and trucking 
interests, as well as its proportionate part of th| 
gency Appropriation of 191 8 #y:^^ti^£Aj«Kict 
ers; and eveiy county ilKl^ Jt^JliJCIb^^r^ffufSrand 
Home Demonstration Agpfairfoaevelop its permanent agricul- 
tural interests and, as a war measure Jj^jliaaMbM and conserve 
the food crop. ^' x*-» 

Until 1913 the Demonstration Work-Jss^s conducted inde- 
pendently of the College Jf A|rjcultur«jThe Sgiitlrt|«yei* 
however, requires that ^1 ^HCWMfff^Pf) P^PJ 
the U. S. Department of UfiiABfeStblfhy ktati 
to a plan to be agreed upon by the ChiOT of the Office of the 
Farmers' Cooperative Extension Work, representing the De- 
partment of Agriculture, and by the Director of the Agricul- 
tural Extension Division, representing the College of Agri- 
culture of the University. Because of the close relationship 
existing between the College and the farming interests of the 
State, the wisdom of these provisions is self-evident. 

Smith-Lever Act. — Thru this Act of Congress, which 
went into effect on July 1, 1914, the College receives $10,000 
annually, to be expended for Cooperative Demonstration Work 
in Agriculture and Home Economics. An additional sum, 
increasing annually, also becomes available, provided the State 
appropriates an equal amount. Each succeeding Legislature 
has met this requirement. The total amount from these 
sources for the fiscal year of 1918-1919 is $55,408.62. 

The purpose of the Act may be seen from the followino^ 
quotation : 

"That cooperative agricultural extension work shall consist of the 
giving of instruction and practical demonstrations in agriculture and 
home economics to persons not attending or resident in said colleges in 
the several communities, and imparting to such persons information on 




102 UNIVERSITY OF FLORIDA 

said subjects through field demonstrations, publications, and otherwise; 
and this work shall be carried on in such a manner as may be mutually 
agreed upon by the Secretary of Agriculture and the State agricultural 
college or colleges receiving the benefits of this act." 

Organization. — The organization for Florida consists of: 

The Director, the chief executive in shaping and directing 
policies. 

The Assistant Director, who supervises the work carried 
on at headquarters and aids in directing that done in the field. 
He is charged with the direction of cooperative specialists. 

The State Agent, with direct supervision of County 
Agents. His duties are outlined by the Chief of the Farmers* 
Cooperative Work, Washington, D. C, and the Director of the 
Agricultural Extension Division. 

The State Home Demonstration Agent, who has general 
supervision of the women's and girls' work carried on by 
the County Home Demonstration Agents. 

District Agents, who visit regularly the County Agents, 
advising them and planning their work. For the men's work 
the State is divided into three districts of eighteen counties 
each: (1) North and East Florida, (2) West Florida, and (3) 
Central and South Florida. The women's work is supervised 
by two District Agents, working under the State Agent — one 
in charge of West, North, and East Florida; the other of 
Central and South Florida. 

There are also four Assistant District Agents. 

Boys' Agricultural Club Agents, who have general charge 
of the Corn, Pig, and Peanut Clubs organized by County 
Agents with the cooperation of teachers and superintendents 
of public schools. 

The Poultry Club Agent, in charge of the Women's and 
Girls* Poultry Clubs organized by County Home Demonstra- 
tion Agents. 

The Home Dairying Agent, who seeks by stimulating the 
production of sanitary milk and good butter and by teaching 
the proper dietary use of dairy products to advance the dairy- 
ing interests of the State. 

Specialists from the Bureaus of the U. S. Department of 
Agriculture, assigned to work with the Extension Division. 
They are now engaged in studying the subjects mentioned in 
the General Statement under § IH. 

County Agents, who visit farms and homes to enlist co- 



UNIVERSITY EXTENSION 103 

operation and to help in carrying out better methods of farm- 
ing, or of home economics, that may serve as a demonstration 
to the community, organize Farmers' Cooperative Associa- 
tions and Agricultural Clubs, and work to upbuild agricultural 
interests by stimulating the production of crops and livestock. 
Each County Agent has a centrally located office, usually at 
the county seat, where supplies, records, and a liberal supply 
of the best agricultural literature are kept and where he 
spends one day each week for consultations. All agents are 
required to file weekly, monthly, and yearly reports. 

County Agents are selected, on recommendation of the 
State Agent and his assistants, because of educational quali- 
fications and of training for work peculiar to the conditions 
of the county to which they are assigned. 

Counties desiring to cooperate are required to defray a 
part of the expenses incurred by the employment of County 
Agents — a minimum of $600 for a County Demonstration 
Agent and from $300 to $400 for a Home Demonstration 
Agent. 

For the fiscal year ending June 30, 1918, fifty-one countiea 
made appropriations for the employment of County Demon- 
stration Agents and forty-two for the employment of Home 
Demonstration Agents. Counties not making appropriations 
will be supplied with both County and Home Demonstration 
Agents until June 30, 1919, from Federal Emergency Funds. 

Schools for Demonstration Agents. — The Farm Agents 
are assembled annually for instruction at the University, the 
Home Agents at the State College for Women. The programs 
consist of lectures by the professors of the College of Agricul- 
ture and the members of the Experiment Station Staff, and of 
papers by County and State Agents and successful farmers. 
Plans for the year's work are discussed from every angle, so 
that the greatest amount of work can be accomplished with 
the agencies at hand. 

Group Meetings. — County Agents are assembled in groups 
of five or six on well-managed farms to observe the best 
practices and to secure information from the managers. 

BOYS' WORK 

Corn Clubs. — The following summary of the work accom- 
plished in 1918 shows what progress the Corn Club idea has 
made in Florida: 



104 UNIVERSITY OF FLORIDA 

Total number of boys enrolled 1333 

Total number of boys reporting 292 

Average number of bushels per acre 37.7 

Average cost per bushel $0.50 

Total number of bushels reported 11,019.1 

Value at $1.75 per bushel $19,283.42 

Total cost of production $5,509.55 

Net profit $13,773.87 

The highest yield — 115 bushels at a cost of $0.12 per bushel — was 
reported by Lawton Martin, of Marion county. 

Peanut Clubs. — The peanut clubs have made excellent 
progress. Three hundred and thirty-three boys grew an acre 
each of peanuts. Some used these crops for feed without har- 
vesting them. Those who harvested secured profitable yields. 
The highest — 111 bushels per acre at a cost of $0.20 per 
bushel, being reported by John Bernath, of Santa Rosa County. 

Pig Clubs. — These clubs had in 1918 a total membership 
of 1496, distributed thruout counties having Agents. The 
breeds represented were: Duroc Jersey, 920; Poland China, 
375 ; Hampshire, 130 ; Berkshire, 71. Two hundred and twenty- 
five boys reported weights and costs of feed. A summary of 
their reports follows : 

No. hogs entered for county contests.... ,. 225 

Average weight at beginning....... ....39.8 lbs. 

Average weight at date of contest 185.2 lbs. 

Average net gain 145.4 lbs. 

Average length of feeding period 147.3 days 

Average daily gain 99 lbs= 

Average cost per lb. gain $0.06 

Average price paid for pigs $15.00 

Average cost of feed.......... $9.10 

Average value of hogs at contest $75.00 

Average profit per hog - $50.90 

Total profit ....„ $11,452.60 

WOMEN'S WORK 

Girls' Canning Clubs. — Girls between the ages of ten 
and eighteen are eligible for membership. Each member is 
required to grow at least one-tenth of an acre of vegetables 
under the supervision of the County Home Demonstration 
Agent. At the close of the year's work, prizes are awarded 
on the basis of the yield, profit, quality of product, and record. 
Prizes consist of money, household appliances, and scholar- 
ships to the Short Course offered by the State College for 
Women at Tallahassee. 

Girls' Poultry Clubs. — These are organized by the 



UNIVERSITY EXTENSION 105 

County Home Demonstration Agents. Girls between the ages 
of twelve and eighteen who have been successful in their 
canning-club work are enrolled, and are urged to secure the 
same breed of poultry, to give proper food and care, and to 
study standards of perfection and marketing methods. 

Work in Homes. — The work in rural homes, which is 
usually taken up in families represented in a Canning Club, 
looks forward to screening the house, to introducing labor- 
saving conveniences, to providing an economical water supply, 
to disposing properly of sewage, to economising thru the 
preservation of waste vegetables and fruits, and to studying 
food conservation. 

The work in city homes is under the direction of the State 
Agent for Home Demonstration Work and is provided for by 
War Emergency funds. Specialists in Home Economics are 
teaching, in nine of the larger cities and towns of the State, 
food and fuel conservation, the use of substitutes for wheat, 
meat, and for animal fats, and are encouraging city gardening. 

BOYS' AND GIRLS' CLUB CONTESTS 

Contests are held in each county at the close of the club 
year. The County Agents arrange a program in which par- 
ents of club members take active part. The boys are required 
to bring ten ears of corn — ^the girls, samples of their canned 
products — and a record of labor and cost of production. 

INSTITUTES 

Farmers* Institutes. — Agricultural Extension work in 
Florida began with Farmers' Institutes, as it is more practical 
and economical for farmers to meet at a central point for 
instruction and have their problems discussed by students of 
agriculture than to have each individual travel to the College 
for the same information. Without a systematic arrangement 
to meet demands for Institutes, unnecessary travel and ex- 
pense would be incurred, and without knowledge of the farm- 
ing needs, the greatest help to the greatest number could not be 
given; hence, when Institutes are desired, applications are to 
be filed with the Director of the Agricultural Extension 
Division and arrangements are to be made with the County 
Agents, who know local conditions. 

It is proposed to organize Farmers' Associations in com* 



106 UNIVERSITY OF FLORIDA 

munity centers in every county in order to secure farm loan.i, 
cooperative marketing, school and social advantages, and a 
larger production of farm crops. 

Women's Institutes. — Applications for Women's Insti- 
tutes are to be made to the State Home Demonstration Agent, 
Tallahassee, Florida. Arrangements are completed by the 
District and County Home Demonstration Agents. These in- 
stitutes are sometimes held independently of Farmers' Insti- 
tutes, but more frequently at the same time and place. 
They are usually most effective in the communities where 
Canning and Rural Betterment clubs have been organized and 
where the fundamentals of preserving have been taught to 
the girls. Demonstrations in canning, preserving, handling 
milk and other dairy products and fresh meats, use of house- 
hold conveniences — such as the iceless refrigerator and fireless 
cooker — are given wherever possible. Women's Institutes 
look toward the organization of Home Improvement Clubs 
and provide a working plan for them. 

Field Meetings. — Field meetings are arranged by County 
Agents, and are usually held on the farm of a demonstrator 
who is carrying out their instructions. Neighboring farmers 
assemble to discuss the crops and methods of culture. A 
demonstration with hog-cholera serum or in spraying fruit 
trees or a cattle-dipping frequently takes place. 

Results. — The upward tendency of the agricultural in- 
terests of Florida dates from the beginning of systematic In- 
stitutes. Before this many counties produced very little either 
in crops or in improved livestock ; today practically all produce 
a fair amount of corn, hay, and other staple crops, silos and 
dipping vats have come into general use, and farmers are 
breeding purebred stock and buying from other states. 

The total production of corn has increased from 6,584,000 
bushels in 1908 to 15,073,000 bushels in 1918. The increase 
during this ten-year period was 8,489,000 bushels, or 129 
per cent. The average yield per acre in 1908 was 10.5 bushels, 
in 1918 14 bushels. The reason the yield per acre has not 
increased in proportion to the total production is that more 
farmers have adopted the plan of growing peanuts or velvet 
beans with their corn, thereby getting two good crops grown 
on the same land at the same time. 



UNIVERSITY EXTENSION 107 

The production of other staple crops shows a similar im- 
provement. 

Summary. — An idea of the work accomplished may be 
gained from the following summary: 

Number of sessions 611 

Attendance 47,891 

Average attendance per session. 78 

Number of addresses delivered 514 

Speakers. — From Agricultural Extension Division: 

A. A. Murphree, P. H. Rolfs, W. E. Allen, C. H. Baker, Mrs. Dora 
Barnes, R. W. Blacklock, L. Cantrell, Miss Jennie Carter, 0. W. Caswell, 
J. E. Cheatham, H. G. Clayton, D. P. Coffin, S. E. Collison, H. W. Cox, 
J. T. Daniel, W. A. Dopson, B. E. Evans, Mrs. H. Felkel, B. F. Floyd, Miss 
Minnie Floyd, W. L. Floyd, C. A. Fulford, Mrs. W. W. Gay, Miss Lois 
Godbey, W. Gomme, C. D. Gunn, Miss A. E. Harris, E. S. Haskell, G. L. 
Herrington, S. W. Hiatt, E. W. Jenkins, R. T. Kelley, H. C. Lavi^ton, Miss 
H. B, Layton, R. E. Lenfest, A. A. Lewis, A. H. Logan, Miss E. McGriif, 
F. J. McKinley, H. S. McLendon, C. K. McQuarrie, E. M. Manning, R. I. 
Matthews, A. R. Nielson, E. S. Pace, Miss S. W. Partridge, F. M. Rast, 
Mrs, W. Roberts, J. M. Scott, J. Shaw, C. D. Sherbakoff, Miss A. Smith, 
Miss E. Smith, A. P. Spencer, H. E. Stevens, Miss L Story, Miss J. 
Stroud, J. E. Turlington, Mrs. G. Warren, Miss W. Warren, R. J. Weaver, 
C. L. Willoughby, R. N. Wilson, J. E. Yon. 

Partial List of Other Speakers 

C. K. Allen, Sopchoppy; A, P. Anthony, Jacksonville; C. F. Barber, 
Macclenny; Dr. J. M. Baxter, Marianna; E. S. Burleigh, Tavares; Dr. W. 
F. Blackman, Winter Park; Sister E. Carlotta, St. Augustine; W. D. Cam, 
Ocala; Gov. S. J. Catts, Tallahassee; H. J. Dame, Inverness; J. D. Duggar, 
Macclenny; Dr. J. G. Dupuis, Lemon City; Dr. J. A. Genung, Gainesville; 
R. L. Goodwin, Ft. Pierce; R. E. Hall, Miami; B. F. Hamner, Norfolk, Va.; 
K. Hawkins, Washington, D. C; H. H. Hume, Glen Saint Mary; L. R. 
Hodges, Jacksonville; A. S. Houchin, Washington, D. C; Mrs. L. L. 
Howard, Gainesville; J. E. Ingraham, St. Augustine; Wm. James, Pensa- 
«ola; W. B. Jennings, Jacksonville; Mrs. W. S. Jennings, Jacksonville; 
Dr. B. Knapp, Washington, D. C; Capt. G. M. Lynch, Arcadia; W. A. 
McRae, Tallahassee; Dr. E. M. Nighbert, Jacksonville; Dr. E. C. Pace, 
Marianna; J. W. Pennington, Gainesville; Dr. J. Y. Porter, Jacksonville; 
Karl Robinson, Montverde; L. M. Rhodes, Jacksonville; Capt. R. E. Rose, 
Tallahassee; Dr. J. Rosenbaum, Washington; Dr. J. H. Ross, Tampa; 
H. H. Simmons, Jacksonville; J. B. Simonton, Micanopy; R. W. Storrs, 
DeFuniak Springs; S. E. Strode, Green Cove Springs; L. Tenny, Miami; 
W. M. Traer, Jacksonville; Dr. H. F. Walker, Ocala; S. W. Westbrook, 
Pensacola; C, W. Wing, Jacksonville. 

HOG-CHOLERA CONTROL 

The Bureau of Animal Industry, U. S. D. A., has assigned 
to the College of Agriculture a specialist to assist County 
Agents in waging a spirited campaign against hog cholera and 
other hog diseases. Farmers are instructed how to prevent 



108 UNIVERSITY OF FLORIDA 

infection of their herds and how to check an incipient out- 
break; demonstrations with hog-cholera serum are given on 
farms where hog cholera is present. The work is planned so 
that as many farmers as possible may profit by the instruction 
and demonstrations. 

PUBLICATIONS 

Extension Bulletin No. 12, Peanuts for Oil Production. 
Extension Bulletin No. 13, Hog Cholera. 
Annual Report for the fiscal year ending Jvaae 30, 1917. 
Circulars and Posters. 



COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING 109 

COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING 

J. R. Benton, Dean 

Faculty.— J. R. Benton, R. E. Chandler, C. L. Crow, H. S. 
Davis, J. N. Drew§, J. M. Farr, H. B. Foster*, H. G. Keppel**, 
I. M. Lee, J. L. McGhee, W. S. Perry, A. D. St. Amant, T. M. 
Simpson, T. D. Smith, A. J. Strongf, M. L. ThornburgJ, R, W. 
Tkoroughgood, E. S. Walker, H. S. Webb. 

GENERAL STATEMENT 

Aim and Scope. — ^It is the aim of the College of Engi- 
neering to furnish such training as will be useful to its 
graduates in the profession of engineering. Its courses of 
instruction are similar to those of other American engineer- 
ing schools of college grade; its graduates are prepared to 
fill such positions as are usually allotted to young engineers. 

Scholastic training alone cannot make a competent en- 
gineer, any more than it can make a competent physician or 
lawyer. It can, however, fit a man to enter the profession of 
engineering; and it is an important element in ultimate suc- 
cess in that profession. 

The work of the College is divided among courses of study 
of the following types: (1) Courses in the sciences funda- 
mental to the practice of engineering, of which mathematics, 
chemistry, and physics are the most important; (2) courses in 
various branches of engineering practice in which those 
sciences are applied, such as structural engineering, steam and 
gas engineering, or electrical engineering; (3) courses in 
practical work, such as mechanic arts, drafting, or surveying ; 
and (4) courses contributing primarily to general culture, 
such as those in English and in Spanish. 

Buildings and Equipment. — The headquarters and prin- 
cipal building of the College is Engineering Hall, which is 
described on page 18. A description of the engineering equip- 
ment is to be found on page 23. 

Provision is made for shop work in a large wing to En- 



§During the S. A. T. C. *Till Dec. 13, 1918. ♦*Died Oct. 5, 1918. 
tTUl Dec 11, 1918. JAfter Dec. 11, 1918. 



110 UNIVERSITY OF FLORIDA 

gineering Hall, as well as by temporary use of a separate build- 
ing. (See page 18.) 

Part of the work of the College of Engineering coincides 
with that of the other colleges of the University ; for such work 
the same classrooms and laboratories are utilized. 

Admission. — See pages 36 to 42, inclusive. 

Benton Engineering Society. — ^Weekly meetings of this 
society are held, at which each member in turn presents a 
paper on some topic of interest to engineering students. Mem- 
bership is strongly urged upon every student in the College. 

Expenses. — See page 31. 

Curricula and Degrees. — Four curricula, each requiring 
four years, are offered. They lead to the degrees of Bach- 
elor of Science in Civil Engineering (B.S.C.E.), in Electrical 
Engineering (B.S.E.E.), in Mechanical Engineering (B.S.M. 
E.), and in Chemical Engineering (B.S.Ch.E.), respectively. 

The Freshman year is the same for all engineering stu- 
dents; the Sophomore year for electrical and mechanical en- 
gineering students. The work in English, Spanish, mathe- 
matics, mechanics, and physics is the same thruout the cur- 
riculum, for all engineering students, and in part coincides 
with that provided for students in the College of Arts and 
Sciences. All engineering students take some work in chem- 
istry, drafting, and shop practice, but the time devoted to 
these subjects varies in the different curricula. 

The degree C.E., Ch.E., E.E., or M.E., may be granted to 
a graduate of the College upon recommendation of the head of 
the department in which it is sought, and with the concurrence 
of the Faculty of the College, provided the candidate submits 
evidence that he has had, susequent to graduation, from two 
to five years of successful and responsible engineering practice. 
The length of time demanded will depend on the character of 
the professional experience, and on the average grade which 
the candidate obtained while an undergraduate, which must 
be 90 or more in order to obtain the degree in two years. By 
"responsible" experience is meant work in which the candi- 
date has to use his own initiative, as distinguished from the 
mere rendering of routine assistance. 

The Bachelor degree (B.S.C.E., B.S.Ch.E., B.S.E.E., or B.S. 
M.E.) indicates merely the completion of a course of study in 
the theory of engineering; while the later degree (C.E,, Ch.E.^ 



COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING 111 

E.E., or M.E.) indicates demonstrated proficiency in the prac- 
tice of some branch of engineering. Every student of engi- 
neering should look forward to obtaining one of these degrees 
eventually. 

To obtain one of these degrees application should be made 
to the Dean of the College not later than April 1st preceding 
the Commencement at which the degree may be awarded. 

Army Training School. — At the request of the War De- 
partment, the College undertook the vocational instruction of 
about three hundred enlisted men. This work was begun on 
June 15, 1918, and continued until November 30, 1918. See 
page 124. 

ENGINEERING CURRICULUM 

FOR ALL ENGINEERING STUDENTS 

Freshman Year 

Names of Courses Nature of Work * Hours per Week 

Descriptive Geometry 2 2 

Descriptive Geometry Problems 1 1 

English I „ Composition and Rhetoric 3 3 

Mathematics I Higher Algebra, Analj^ic Geom- 
etry 3 3 

Mathematics II Spherical Trigonometry, Calculus 1 1 

Mechanical Drawing Drawing and Lettering 2 2 

Military Science I — .^fantry Drill Regulations, Small- 
arms Firing Regulations 2 

Physics I Mechanics, Heat, Acoustics, Op- 
tics 3 3 

Physics II Laboratory work to accompany 

Physics 1 2 2 

Wood Working. Carpentry, Wood Turning, Wood 

Carving, Furniture Construc- 
tion 3 3 

22 20 

♦The first column gives the hours per week for the first semester, the 
second column those for the second semester. In counting hoars, 
each actual hour of laboratory, drafting, shop or field work is counted 
as one-half hour. 



112 UNIVERSITY OF FLORIDA 

CIVIL ENGINEERING CURRICULUM 

Leading to the degree of Bachelor of Science in Civil Engineering 

Sophomore Year 

Names of Courses N ature of Work * Hours per Week 

Chemistry I .....General Chemistry, Lectures and 

Laboratory 5 5 

Mathematics III Differential and Integral Cal- 
culus 3 3 

Military Science II...............=..Field Service Regulations; Man- 
ual of Guard Duty 2 

Physics III................. ..........Electricity and Magnetism 3 3 

Spanish A ......Elementary Course 3 8 

Surveying I .......Elementary Surveying 3% SVz 

19M! n^ 
Junior Year 

Contracts and Specifications _ 2 

Electrical Engineering la...... Elementary General Course 3 

Graphic Statics I Elementary Graphics; Roofs 2% 

Highway Engineering Roads and Pavements 2 

Mathematics IV Solid Analytical Geometry and 

Calculus 2 2 

Mechanics I Analytic Mechanics 4 

Railroads Curves and Earthwork; Prelim- 
inary and Final Location 3 3 

Spanish I 3 8 

Strength of Materials 4 

Surveying II Higher Surveying 2% 1% 

19% 18 



Senior Year 



English IX Technical Essays 1 1 

Graphic Statics II Girders and Bridges 2% 

Highway Engineering Testing Road Materials 1 

Hydaulics I Elements of Hydraulics 3 

Hydraulics II.... Applications of Hydraulics 2 

Mechanics II Analytic Mechanics 4 

Municipal Engineering I........ Disposal of Wastes 3 

Municipal Engineering II Water Supply; Concrete, Plain 

and Reinforced 5 

Structural Engineering Theory and Design of Bridges 

and Buildings 4% 4% 

Biology XIa.. ) General Bacteriology , 4 

or V 

Geology la... ) Physical Geology 3 

Elective 3 

19 V^ 22 

♦The first column gives the hours per week for the first semester, the 
second column those for the second semester. In counting hours, 
each actual hour of laboratory, drafting, shop or field work is counted 
88 one-half hour. 



COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING 118 

ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING CURRICULUM 

Leading to the degree of Bachelor of Science in Electrical Engineering 

Sophomore Year 

Names of Courses Nature of Work * Hours per Week 

Chemistry I General Chemistry, Lectures and 

Laboratory 5 5 

Forge la and Foundry 16 1% 1% 

Machine Drawing 1% 1V6 

Mathematics III Differential and Integral Cal- 
culus 8 8 

Mechanical Technology..., Lectures on Forge and Foundry 

practice 1 

Military Science.............. Field-service Regulations; Man- 
ual of Guard Duty 2 

Physics III... .....Electricity and Magnetism 3 3 

Spanish A Elementary Course 3 3 

19 18 
Junior Year 



Contracts and Specifications 2 

Electrical Engineering la Elementary General Course 3 

Electrical Engineering 16 Direct Current Machinery 8 

Machine Shop 1 3 

Mathematics IV......... Solid Analytic Geometry and 

Calculus 2 2 

Mechanics I Analytic Mechanics 4 

Mechanism Kinematics of Machinery 2 2 

Pattern Making.... 3 

Spanish 1 3 3 

Strength of Materials 4 

17 19 



Senior Year 



Electrical Engineering II Alternating Currents; Transmis- 
sion; Electric Lighting 3 8 

Electrical Engineering III Telegraph and Telephone 2 2 

Electrical Engineering IV..... Dynamo Laboratory 1% 8 

English IX Technical Essays 1 1 

Heat Engines 8 3 

Hydraulics I Elements of Hydraulics 3 

Machine Design 2 4 

Mechanics II Analytic Mechanics 4 

Steam Laboratory. 2 

19% 18 

♦The first column gives the hours per week for the first semester, the 
second column those for the second semester. In counting hours, 
each actual hour of laboratory, drafting, shop or field work is counted 
as one-half hour. 



114 UNIVERSITY OF FLORIDA 

MECHANICAL ENGINEERING CURRICULUM 

Leading to the degree of Bachelor of Science in Mechanical Engineering 

Sophomore Year 

Names of Courses Nature of Work * Hours per Week 

Chemistry I General Chemistry, Lectures and 

Laboratory 5 5 

Forge la and Foundry 16 1% 1% 

Machine Drawing 1% 1% 

Mathematics III DiflFerential and Integral Cal- 
culus 3 3 

Mechanical Technology. Lectures on Forge and Foundry 

practice 1 

Military Science Field-service Regulations; Man- 
ual of Guard Duty 2 

Physics III Electricity and Magnetism 3 3 

Spanish A Elementary Course 3 3 

19 18 



Junior Year 



Contracts and Specifications 2 

Electrical Engineering la Elementary General Course 3 

Graphic Statics I Elementary Graphics; Roofs 2% 

Machine Shop 1 3 

Mathematics IV Solid Analytic Geometry and 

Calculus 2 2 

Mechanics I Analytic Mechanics 4 

Mechanism Kinematics of Machinery 2 2 

Pattern Making 3 

Spanish 1 3 3 

Strength of Materials 4 



17 18Vi 



Senior Year 



English IX Technical Essays 1 1 

Electrical Engineering V Dynamo Laboratory 8 

Gas Engines 2 

Heat Engines „ - 3 8 

Hydraulics I Elements of Hydraulics 3 

Machine Design 2 4 

Machine Shop II 3 

Mechanics II Analytic Mechanics 4 

Steam Laboratory 2 

Valve Gears 1 

Electives 3 8 



19 19 



♦The first column gives the hours per week for the first semester, the 
second column those for the second semester. In counting hnurs, 
each actual hour of laboratory, drafting, shop or field work is counted 
as one-half hour. 



COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING 115 

CHEMICAL ENGINEERING CURRICULUM 

Leading to the degree of Bachelor of Science in Chemical Engineering 

Sophomore Year 

Names of Courses Nature of Work * Hours per Week 

Chemistry I . General Chemistry, Lectures and 

Laboratory 5 5 

Forge la and Foundry 16 1% 1% 

Machine Drawing 1% 1% 

Mathematics III Differential and Integral Cal- 
culus 3 3 

Mechanical Technology Lectures on Forge and Foundry 

practice 1 

Military Science II Field-service Regulations; Man- 
ual of Guard Duty 2 

Physics III Electricity and Magnetism 3 3 

Spanish A Elementary Course 3 3 

19 18 

Junior Year 

Chemistry Ilia Qualitative Analysis 5 

Chemistry V Organic Chemistry 5 5 

Chemistry VII& „ ^Quantitative Analysis 3 

Contracts and Specifications 2 

Mathematics IV Solid Analytic Geometry and 

Calculus 2 2 

Mechanics I „ Analytic Mechanics 4 

Spanish 1 3 3 

Strength of Materials 4 

19 19 



Senior Year 



Chemistry VI Industrial Chemistry 3 8 

Chemistry Vila Quantitative Analysis 3 

Chemistry X6 .^. Engineering Chemistry; Analysis 

of Cements, Oils, Road Mate- 
rials, etc 6 

Chemistry XI Physical Chemistry 3 3 

English IX Technical Essays 1 1 

Hydraulics I ^Elements of Hydraulics 3 

Mechanics II Analytic Mechanics 4 

Elective 3 



17 16 



*The first column gives the hours per week for the first semester, the 
second column those for the second semester. In counting hours, 
each actual hour of laboratory, drafting, shop or field work is counted 
as one-half hour. 



116 UNIVERSITY OF FLORIDA 



DEPARTMENTS OF INSTRUCTION 

CIVIL ENGINEERING 

Professor Thoroughgood Asst. Prof. Smith 

The courses in this department are designed to give the 
student a comprehensive grasp of the principles underlying 
the practice of Civil Engineering, so that on graduation he 
will be fitted to enter at once upon field or office work in his 
profession. 

The work of instruction is carried on by means of as- 
signed recitations from standard textbooks, combined with 
laboratory, field, and drawing-room exercises for the purpose 
of emphasizing the practical side of the subject. 

For equipment, see page 24. 

A cement and concrete laboratory has recently been in- 
stalled for the testing of cement and concrete. This labora- 
tory is of late design and is a substantial addition to the other 
laboratory facilities of the department. 

In addition to the facilities afforded directly for the study 
of Civil Engineering, there will be found in the general library 
a considerable literature on this and allied subjects: more ex- 
haustive treatises, as well as the current literature from which 
the student may keep abreast of up-to-date practice. 

Surveying I. — ^Recitations on the use of the chain, com- 
pass, transit, and level; determinations of areas, and instru- 
mental adjustments. Field work in chaining, leveling, com- 
pass, and transit surveys; and in tests and adjustments of 
instruments. Drawing-room work in calculating areas, let- 
tering, and map drawing. (Recitations, 2 hours a week; field 
and drawing-room work, 1 three-hour period a week. Pre- 
requisite: Mathematics II.) 

Surveying II. — Recitations on the use of the plane table, 
stadia, sextant, and aneroid. Field problems in the use of 
the stadia and plane table; a complete stadia traverse and 
plot. Recitations on precision leveling, baseline measure- 
ments, and determination of meridian, latitude, and time. 
Field work in precision leveling, baseline work, and meridian 
and latitude observations. (First semester: recitations, 1 



COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING 117 

hour; field ivork, 1 three-hour period a week. Second semester: 
recitations and field work, 3 hours a week.) 

Railroads. — Recitations on simple, compound, reversed, 
vertical, and transition curves, and earthwork. Field prob- 
lems in curve layout. Drawing-room work in the paper layout 
of a railroad. Field and drawing-room work in the preliminary 
and final location of a railroad; plotting of line and profile, 
earthwork computations. Theory of mass diagram. (First 
semester: recitations, 2 hours; field and draiving-room work, 
1 two-hour period a week. Second semester: field and drawing- 
room work, 2 three-hour periods a week. Prerequisite: Sur- 
veying I.) 

Graphic Statics I. — Recitation and drawing-room exer- 
cises in the computation of forces, the plotting of diagrams in 
elementary graphics and roofs. (Recitations, 1 hour a iveek; 
drafting, 1 three-hour period a week. Prerequisite: Mathe- 
matics II.) 

Graphic Statics II. — Recitations and drawing-room work 
in the graphic analysis of girders and bridges. (Recitations, 
1 hour a week; drafting, 1 three-hour period a week.) 

Hydraulics I.^ — Recitations and laboratory work on the 
elements of hydraulics, dealing with the physical properties 
of water, head, loss of weight, centre of pressure, dams, flow 
from orifices, jets, instruments of measurement, pressure, 
gages, meters, weirs. (Recitations, 2 hours a week; laboratory, 
1 two-hour period a week. Prerequisite: Physics I and 11, 
Mathematics III.) 

Hydraulics II. — Recitations on the short tube and other 
tubes, flow through pipes, piezometer, hydraulic gradient, noz- 
zles, conduits, sewers, flow in streams, water power, turbines 
and wheels, stability of ships, and pumps. (Recitations, 2 
hours a tveek.) 

Municipal Engineering I. — Recitations on the design and 
construction of separate and combined sewerage systems: 
sewage disposal and treatment. Drawing-room work in the 
design of domestic and storm sewers, together with estimates 
of cost. (Recitations, 2 hours a week; drawing-room work, 
t two-hour period a week.) 

Municipal Engineering II. — Recitations on the sources 
of water supply, purification of supply, filters, pumps, sys- 
tems of supply, and fire supply. Drawing-room work in the 



118 UNIVERSITY OF FLORIDA 

design of a system. Recitations on the theory and design of 
plain and reinforced concrete structures. Office and labora- 
tory work. (Recitations, ^ hours a week; drawing-room or 
laboratory, 1 two-hour period a iveek.) 

Highway Engineering I.^ — Recitations on the economics 
of location and construction of highways ; drainage ; different 
types of road construction; road materials; legislation; state 
and national aid; pavements and streets. (First semester; 
recitations, 2 hours a week.) 

Highway Engineering II. — Laboratory work in testing 
stone, brick, and other road materials. Laboratory tests of 
cement, sand, and concrete. (Second semester; laboratory, 
1 two-hour period a week.) 

Contracts and Specifications.— The contract in its re- 
lation to the engineer. Specifications. (Recitations, 2 hours 
a week; second semester.) 

Structural Engineering.— Theory and computations of 
stresses in various types of bridges and buildings. Theory 
and design of highway and railroad bridges. Theory of canti- 
lever and continuous bridges. Drawing-room design. (Reci- 
tations, 3 hours a week; designing and drawing, 1 three-hour 
period a week. Prerequisite: Mechanics I amd Strength of 
Materials.) 

ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING 

Professor Benton* Acting Prof. Webb Asst Prof. Perry 

Instruction in this department is planned to lay equal stress 
on classroom work, of theoretical nature, and on laboratory 
work, of practical nature. For the latter, a well-equipt dyna- 
mo laboratory is provided, which is described on page 22. 

Electrical Engineering la. — A short elementary course 
in general electrical engineering. Textbook used in 1918-1919 : 
Franklin's Elements of Electrical Engineering. (First se- 
mester; 2 recitations and 1 two-hour laboratory exercise per 
week.) 

Electrical Engineering lb. — Direct current machinery 
and applications. Textbook used in 1918-19: Langsdorfs 
Principles of Direct Current Machines. (Required of Juniors 
in the electrical engineering course; second semester; 2 reci- 
tations and 1 two-hour laboratory exercise per week.) 



*Not acting in this department in 1918-1919. 



COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING 119 

Electrical Engineering II. — Alternating current ma- 
chinery and applications; electric power transmission, and 
electric lighting. Textbook used in 1918-1919 : Franklin and 
Esty's Elements of Electrical Engineering. (Required of 
Seniors in the electrical engineering course; 3 recitations per 
week.) 

Electrical Engineering III. — Telegraph and telephone 
engineering. (Required of Seniors in the electrical engineer- 
ing course; 1 recitation and 1 two-hour laboratory exercise per 
week.) 

Electrical Engineering IV. — Dynamo laboratory work 
to accompany Electrical Engineering II, and testing of elec- 
trical machinery. (Required of Seniors in the electrical en- 
gineering course; 1 three-hour laboratory period the first 
semester, and 2 the second semester, per week.) 

Electrical Engineering V. — Dynamo laboratory work, 
and electrical engineering problems. (Required of Seniors in 
the mechanical engineering course; second semester; 2 three- 
hour laboratory periods per week.) 

Electrical Engineering VI6. — Wireless Telegraphy. — 
Designed to prepare the student for service in the Signal 
Corps of the Army, and based on the syllabus of instruction 
recommended by the Signal Corps. The course is an alter- 
nate for Electrical Engineering II and Electrical Engineering 
IV for the second semester. Textbook used in 1918-1919: 
Mills, Radio-Communication. (Prerequisite: Electrical En- 
gineering la.) 

MECHANICAL ENGINEERING, DRAWING AND MECHANIC ARTS 

Professor Chandler Mr. Strong* 

Mr. Thornburgf Mr. FosterJ 

The instruction in this department follows theoretical and 
practical lines. In the drafting-room and various shops, the 
best practical methods are always kept in mind. System, ac- 
curacy, and neatness are insisted upon. Engineering maga- 
zines and catalogs of the best machinery are accessible to the 
students, who are encouraged to read them. While acquaint- 
ing students with practical methods, the aim is to produce 
engineers of independent thought and original power. In all 
possible ways the student is encouraged to think for himself — 



*TiU Dec. 11, 1918. fAfter Dec. 11, 1918, tTill Dec. 13, 1918. 



120 UNIVERSITY OF FLORIDA 

to make improvements wherever possible and thus to keep 
abreast with the progress of the times. 

MECHANICAL ENGINEERING 

Mechanism. — The Kinematics of Machinery. — Investiga= 
tion of link work, construction of gears and cams, belt and 
pulley drive, trains of mechanism, the velocity ratio, and 
directional relation of the moving parts of various machines, 
etc. The text is supplemented by drawing exercises in the 
construction of gear teeth, cams, and motion diagrams. (Re- 
quired of electrical and mechanical engineering students; 
Junior year; 2 hours.) 

Mechanics la. — Analytic and Applied Mechanics. — The 
laws of force, friction, equilibrium of fluid pressure, inertia, 
centrifugal force, kinetic and potential energy, etc. Problems 
illustrating the practical application of these laws to cranes, 
derricks, pumps, boilers, engines, dynamos, etc. (Required of 
all engineering students; first semester; Junior year; U hours. 
Prerequisite: Mathematics III.) 

Mechanics Ila. — Analytic and Applied Mechanics.— A 
continuation of Mechanics la. (Required of all engineering 
students; first semester; Senior year; U hours.) 

Strength of Materials. — Investigation of the strength 
of materials used in the construction of machinery and en- 
gineering structures; analysis of stresses in bridges, roof 
trusses, and machinery ; study of the mechanical properties of 
iron, steel, timber, cement, etc. The text is supplemented by 
laboratory tests on specimens of the various materials. (Re- 
quired of all engineering students; second semester; Junior 
year; ^ hours. Prerequisite: Mechanics la.) 

Heat Engines. — The steam engine and the laws of ther- 
modynamics; the indicator card; and the losses involved in 
the conversion of one form of energy into another. (Required 
of mechanical and electrical engineering students; Senior year; 
3 hours. Prerequisites: Mathematics III, Physics III, and 
Chemistry I.) 

Gas Engines. — The modem internal combustion engine, 
gas producers, and the utilization in them of liquid fuels. 
(Required of mechanical engineering students; second semes-- 
ter; Senior year; 2 hours. Prerequisite: Heat Engines.) 

Valve Gears. — Graphical study of the different types of 



COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING 121 

steam engine valve gears by means of the Zeuner and other 
diagrams; valve setting and steam distribution obtained by 
the usual types. (Requwed of mechanical engineering stu- 
dents; second semester; Senior year; 2 actual hours. Pre- 
requisite: Heat Engines.) 

Steam Laboratory. — Valve setting ; tests of steam gauges, 
thermometers, engines, and boilers; use of the steam engine 
indicator, absorption and transmission dynamometers. (Second 
semester; Senior year; A actual hours.) 

DRAWING 

Descriptive Geometry. — Projections. — Methods of rep- 
resenting points, lines, surfaces, and solids in space by their 
projections; their intersections with each other; the careful 
solution of many original problems on the drawing-board. 
(Freshman year; 2 hours.) 

Descriptive Geometry Problems. — A companion course 
to Descriptive Geometry. — Free-hand drawings and further 
drill in making neat, accurate drawings, mechanically. The 
latter deals exclusively with the solution of numerous prob- 
lems of the intersection of lines, planes, and solids and is 
taught with special reference to developing originality in 
thinking and reasoning. (Freshman year; 2 actual hours. 
Prerequisite: Descriptive Geometry.) 

Mechanical Drawing. — The use of ordinary drawing 
instruments ; the solution of geometrical problems ; lettering ; 
perspective, isometric, and some mechanical drawing from 
machine parts. (Freshman year; U actuxil hours.) 

Machine Drawing. — Interpreting and Reading Drawings. 
— The student is required to make true working drawings, 
showing all the necessary dimensions and the delineation of 
the parts to a proper scale. He is given a set of detailed 
drawings from which to make an assembly drawing or vice 
versa. A number of tracings and blueprints are also required. 
(Required of chemical, electrical, and mechanical engineering 
students; Sophomore year; 3 actual hours.) 

Machine Design. — The design and proportioning of ma- 
chine parts — bolts, riveted joints, keys and gibs, toothed gear- 
ing, belt transmission, shafts, journals, bearings; the design 
of machines or parts of machines to perform certain functions. 
From a set of specifications and a manufacturers* catalog, 



Ifi2 UNIVERSITY OF FLORIDA 

plans must be drawn up for the installation of machines. A 
certain amount of structural drawing, relative to power plant 
installations, is also tak.en up. (Required of mechanical 
engineeHng students; Senior year; 2 hours recitation, first 
semester; 8 actuxtl hours, second semester.) 

MECHANIC ARTS 

Wood Working. — (a) — Carpentry and Wood Turning. — 
An elementary course in laying out work and in the use of 
ordinary hand tools — saws, chisels, planes ; the use of the turn- 
ing lathe, the student being required to turn a series of exer- 
cises ; the care and use of wood-working machinery— rip-saw, 
cut-off saw, band-saw, planer. 

(b) — Elementary Wood Carving and Furniture Construc- 
tion.- — Herein is applied the skill, knowledge, and experience 
obtained in the first semester. Each student will be required 
to design and construct a piece of furniture, or other approved 
article, involving carving, turning, or joinery, as a passing 
piece. (Freshman year; 6 actual hours.) 

Forge la. — Practice work to develop proficiency in the 
use of the hammer: the student makes articles of intrinsic 
value — foundry tools, hammers, cold chisels, lathe tools, turn- 
ing chisels, drawknives, screwdrivers; and acquires skill in 
forging, welding, dressing, tempering, and annealing. (Re- 
quired of chemical, electrical, and mechanical engineering stu- 
dents; first semester; Sophomore year; 3 actual hours.) 

Foundry 16. — Instruction in foundry practice by means 
of textbook, lectures, and demonstrations. (Second semester; 
Sophomore year; 3 actual hours.) 

Patternmaking. — Glueing up work, finishing smoothly 
with the necessary draft, allowing for shrinkage, and similar 
details of the patternmaker's craft. The student makes small 
patterns and core boxes from a system of carefully arranged 
and progressive exercises, and constructs patterns for such 
small machines as are designed in the drafting-room for con- 
struction in the shops, at least as far as the development of 
the work will permit. (Required of electrical and mechanical 
engineering students; second semester; Junior year; 6 actuul 
hours. Prerequisites: Machine Draiving and Foundry lb.) 

Machine Shop I. — The student is drilled in the practical. 
Simple tasks in turning, boring, grinding, planing, and mill- 



COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING 128 

ing are first given, followed by more difficult ones. (Required 
of electrical and mechanical engineering students; first semes- 
ter; Junior year; 6 actual hours.) 

Machine Shop lla. — A continuation of the shop work of 
the previous year, altho more intricate and difficult. The work 
is on actual machinery, or parts thereof, and is of intrinsic 
value. (Required of mechanical engineering students; first 
semester; Senior year; 6 actual hours.) 

Mechanical Technology. — Lectures in Mechanical Tech- 
nology to accompany Forge la and Foundry 16. (Required of 
chemical, electrical, and mechanical engineering students; 
Sophomore year; 1 hour.) 

CHEMICAL ENGINEERING 

Professor McGhee Asst. Professor Lee 

Chemistry VI. — Chemical Technology.— GonsidiQYSLtion of 
chemical principles involved in manufacturing and refining 
products of commercial importance : Fuels, sulphuric acid, the 
soda and chlorine industries, fertilizers, cements, glass, pig- 
ments, coal tar, mineral oils, soap, starch, sugar, fermentation 
industries, explosives, textiles, paper, leather, etc. Visits are 
made to such factories and chemical plants as may be acces- 
sible. (S hours.) 

Chemistry X6. — Engineering Chemistry. — Analysis of 
materials connected with engineering: Fuels, boiler waters, 
gas, iron and steel, cements, road materials, lubricating oils, 
and paints. (Second semester; 6 hours.) 

Chemistry XI. — Physical Chemistry. — See page 56. 

OTHER DEPARTMENTS 

Descriptions of the other subjects that are taken by stu- 
dents in the College of Engineering may be found by reference 
to the Index. 



124 UNIVERSITY OF FLORIDA 



ARMY TRAINING SCHOOL 

J. R. Benton, Educational Supervisor 
R. E. Chandler, Associate Supervisor 

GENERAL STATEMENT 

Under arrangement with the Committee on Education and 
Special Training of the U. S. War Department, vocational 
instruction was given to enlisted men in various specific trades 
useful in the Army. The men were under regular army dis- 
cipline and while here, in addition to vocational training, re- 
ceived military training under the following officers: 

Alfred S. Knight, Captain, Inf. U. S. A., Commanding 
Officer. 

Hugh B. Mahood, Captain, Medical Corps U. S. A. 

Robert K. Osborne, 1st Lieut. Inf. U. S. A. 

Charles R. Crossett, 1st Lieut. Inf. U. S. A. 

Donald R. Morrison, 1st Lieut. Dental Corps U. S. A, 

Joseph V. McKenna, 2nd Lieut. Inf. U. S. A. 

Raymond W. Hogan, 2nd Lieut. Q. M. Corps U. S. A. 

The first detachment (275 men, all from Florida) arrived 
on June 15 and left on August 13. The occupations for which 
these men were trained are listed below, together with the 
number of men in each, and the names of the instructors : 

Bench Woodworkers, 20 ; H. B. Foster. 

Carpenters, 23; F. H. Winston. 

Chauffeurs (Army truck drivers), 100; E. D. Hulbert, 
assisted by E. C. Wilson, J. W. Chapman, E, B, Paxton, W. 
H, Howell. 

Electricians, 20; L. E, Means, Jr. 

Machinists, 12; A. J. Strong. 

Radio Operators, 100; J. L. McGhee, assisted by Ac P 
Fowler, E. S. Traxler, T. J. Swearingen, Jr., W. S. Perry. 

The second detachment (330 men, 150 from Florida, 180 
from Georgia) arrived on August 15 and left on October 13, 
having received instruction as follows: 

Auto Mechanics, 80 ; E. D. Hulbert, assisted by E. C. Wil- 
son, W. M. Howell. 

Carpenters, 20; F. H. Winston. 

Chauffeurs (Army truck drivers), 40; J. W, Chapman, 



ARMY TRAINING SCHOOL 126 

Electricians, 20 ; L. E. Means, Jr. 

Machinists, 10; H. B. Foster. 

Radio Electricians, 40 ; T. J. Swearingen, Jr. 

Radio Operators, 100; supervisor, J. L. McGhee; E. S. 
Traxler, assisted by E. L. Williams, T. J. Barns. 

Telegraphers (Morse), 20; A. P. Fowler. 

The numbers of men given above are those called for by 
contract and differed slightly from the actual number in at- 
tendance, which was usually greater at the beginning of the 
period of instruction and, owing to discharges, less at the end. 

The contract between the War Department and the Uni- 
versity called for the instruction of four additional detach- 
ments of enlisted men of 270 men each, to arrive on October 
15, 1918; December 15, 1918; February 15, 1919; and April 
15, 1919. The occupations to be taught and the number of 
men called for in each by the contract are shown below, to- 
gether with the instructors appointed : 

Horseshoers, 20 ; L. T. Roux. 

Machinists, 15 ; H. B. Foster, 

Motorcycle Mechanics, 80 ; E. D. Hulbert, assisted by J. Wc 
Chapman, E. C. Wilson, 

Pipe Fitters, 15 ; R. T. Irving. 

Radio Operators, 100; supervisor, J. L. McGhee; E. S. 
Traxler, assisted by T, J. Swearingen, E. L. Williams, A. P. 
Fowler. 

Surveyors, 20 ; H, L» Thompson. 

Telephone Linemen, 20; L. E. Means, Jr. 

With the arrival of peace, the need for further vocational 
training of soldiers ceased, consequently the War Department 
did not send the men for whom it had contracted after October 
15. The staff of the Army Training School was disbanded on 
December 13. 



126 UNIVERSITY OF FLORIDA 

COLLEGE OF LAW 

Harry R. Trusler, Dean 

Faculty.— H. R. Trusler, E. C. Arnold, C. W. Crandall, 

* ♦ 



GENERAL STATEMENT 

Aim and Scope.- — In 1891, the American Bar Association 
declared that in its opinion it was a part of the highest duty 
and interest of every civilized state to make provision, when 
necessary, for maintaining schools of law and for the thoro 
legal education of all who are licensed to practice law. Rec- 
ognizing the soundness of this doctrine and desiring to dis- 
charge this duty on the part of Florida, the State Board of 
Education and the Board of Control provided for the opening 
of the College of Law in the University in September, 1909. 
The advantages to accrue to the State from having, as a part 
of its educational system, a thoro and systematic course of 
instruction in the common law, with special consideration of 
the peculiarities and exceptions applicable in Florida, are many 
and evident. 

It was the purpose of the Board of Control to establish 
a law school which, by the quality of its work and char- 
acter of its equipment, would merit and command the con- 
fidence and support of the bench and bar. That the hopes 
of accomplishing these results were well founded and that 
gratifying progress towards these ends has been made, are 
shown by the number and character of those who have availed 
themselves of the advantages offered. 

Requirements for Admission. — See pages 36 to 42, in- 
clusive. 

Special Students. — See "Adult Specials", page 29. If 
entrance conditions are removed not later than the opening of 
the Senior year, such students may become regular students 
and candidates for a degree. 

Advanced Standing. — No work in law done in other in- 
stitutions will be accepted towards a degree, unless the appli- 
cant passes satisfactorily the examinations held in the sub- 



*To be elected. 



COLLEGE OF LAW 127 

jects in question in this College, or unless, by special vote of 
the Faculty, credit is given without examination. In no case 
will credit be given for work not done in residence at an ap- 
proved law school. 

Examinations. — The last wgsk of each semester is de- 
voted to examinations covering the work of the semester. 
These examinations are in writing and are rigid and search- 
ing, but are not necessarily final. 

University Practice Courts. — Thoroly organized prac- 
tice courts are regular features of the course of instruction in 
the third year. The object is to give the student practical 
instruction in pleading and practice at law and in equity, and 
experience in the preparation and trial of cases. The work 
is arranged as follows : 

First. — Cases arising upon prepared statements of fact are 
assigned, upon which the students are to determine what pro- 
ceedings to bring and how to bring them, issue, serve, and 
return process, prepare the pleadings and bring the case to an 
issue on a question of law. The case is heard on the sufficiency 
of the form and the structure of the pleadings ; when these are 
approved the issue of law is argued and decided, the students 
acting as attorneys drawing the order, judgment, or decree 
to which they deem themselves entitled. 

SecoTid. — In the second class of cases, actual controversies 
are arranged and assigned for trial in the Circuit Court as 
issues of fact. After determining what action to bring, the 
students assigned to the case are required to issue the proper 
process and prepare and file the necessary pleadings, subpoena 
the witnesses, select the jury, examine and cross-examine the 
witnesses, and argutf the case to the jury. Each student is 
required to participate in the trial of at least one common-law, 
one equity, and one criminal case and is instructed in appellate 
procedure. 

Library. — The Law Library contains : 

Three sets of Florida Reports with Wurts* Digest and Supplement; 
Shepard's Florida Citations; The Session Laws of Florida from 1822 to 
1915, except from 1828 to 1834; McClellan's Digest and Duval's Com- 
pilation of the Laws of Florida; Revised Statutes of 1898; three sets of 
the General Statutes of 1906; two sets of Florida Compiled Laws of 
1914; Federal Statutes Annotated; Thorpe's American Charters, Con- 
stitutions and Organic Laws; Hinds' Pi'ecedents of the House of Repre- 
sentatives; the Northwestern, Southwestern, Northeastern, Southeastern, 
Atlantic, Pacific, and Southern Reporters; the American Decisions, 
American Reports, and American State Reports, with digests; the Amer^ 



128 UNIVERSITY OF FLORIDA 

ican Annotated Cases, with digests; the American and English Annotated 
Cases, with digests; the Lawyers' Reports annotated, old and new series, 
with digests; the United States Supreme Court Reports, with digests; 
Rose's Notes; Federal Cases; Federal Reporter; Stimson's American 
Statute Law; the State Reports to the Reporters of Alabama, Arkansas, 
Connecticut, Delaware, Georgia, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kentucky, Louisi- 
ana, Maine, Maryland, Massachusetts, Michigan, Minnesota, Mississippi, 
Missouri, Nebraska, New Jersey, North Carolina, Ohio, Pennsylvania, 
Rhode Island, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Vermont, Virginia, 
West Virginia, and Wisconsin; the New York Court of Appeals Reports; 
the New York Common Law and Chancery Reports, with digests; the 
Pacific States Reports, with digests, which include the California Re- 
ports, the Colorado Supreme Reports, the Colorado Appeals, the Idaho 
Reports, the Kansas Reports, the Montana Reports, the Nevada Reports, 
the New Mexico Reports, the Oregon Reports, the Utah Reports, the 
Washington Reports, and the Wyoming Reports to the Reporters; the 
Reprint of the English Reports; the English Law Reports; the British 
Ruling Cases; Mew's English Digest; Halsbury's Laws of England; the 
Century, the Decennial, the Second Decennial, and the Key Number 
Digests; the Encyclopedia of Law and Procedure; Corpus Juris; the 
Encyclopedia of Forms; the Standard Encyclopedia of Procedure; two 
sets of Ruling Case Law; the Harvard Law Review; more than one 
hundred selected volumes for the class in Brief Making and the Use of 
Law Books; and more than two hundred of the leading textbooks and 
books of reference. 

A course of instruction is given in legal bibliography and 
the use of law books. Every facility, also, is offered law stu- 
dents to make use of the General Library, in which are included 
works of interest and information to the lawyer. 

Both the Law and General Libraries are open during the 
academic year on every secular day between the hours of 8 :00 
a. m. and 10 :00 p. m., and are in charge of trained librarians, 
who will render needed aid to the students. 

Marshall Debating Society. — Early in the first year of 
the College the students organized a society that would secure 
to its members practice in debating and public speaking and 
experience in arguing legal questions, as well as drill in parlia- 
mentary law. The society was fittingly named "The Marshall 
Debating Society", in honor of the memory of the distinguished 
Southern jurist, John Marshall. Membership and work in 
the society are limited to students in the College of Law, but 
the Faculty give all possible assistance and encouragement. 

University PRiviLEGES.~The advantages of the other col- 
leges of the University are open to such students in the Col- 
lege of Law as desire and are able to accept them. Courses 
in Constitutional and Political History, International Law, 
Political Economy, Logic, Rhetoric, and English Composition 
are particularly recommended. No extra charge will be made 



COLLEGE OF LAW 129 

for such courses, but they can be taken only with the consent 
of the Law Faculty and of the professors concerned. 

Degrees. — The degree of Bachelor of Laws (LL.B.) is con- 
ferred upon those who satisfactorily complete the courses of 
study. Students admitted to advanced standing may, if they 
do satisfactorily the work prescribed, receive the degree after 
one year's residence, but in no case will the degree be granted 
unless the candidate is in actual residence during all of the 
third year. 

Students who have complied with all the requirements for 
the degree of Bachelor of Laws (LL.B.), who have maintained 
an average standing in their law studies 10% above the passing 
mark, and who have obtained the degree of A.B., or an equiva- 
lent degree, from an approved college or university, or who 
secure such degree the same year they complete their law 
course, will be awarded the degree of Juris Doctor (J.D.) . 

Combined Academic and Law Course. — By pursuing an 
approved course of collegiate and law studies, a student may 
earn both the academic and the legal degree in six years. 
(See page 47.) 

Expenses. — A tuition fee of $20.00 per semester, payable 
in advance, is charged all law students, except those taking 
less than eleven hours of work, who are charged a propor- 
tional part of the full tuition. For the first two years of the 
course the required law books new will cost about $41.00 
each year; and for the Senior year, about $51.00. Students 
also are urged to provide themselves with the statutes of their 
own state and a law dictionary. Many of these books, how- 
ever, will form a nucleus of the student's future library ; and 
by the purchase of second-hand books the cost may be ma- 
terially reduced. (See also page 31.) 

Admission to the Bar. — Upon presenting their diplomas, 
duly issued by the proper authorities, and upon furnishing 
satisfactory evidence that they are twenty-one years of age 
and of good moral character, the graduates of the College are 
licensed by the Supreme Court, without examination, to prac- 
tice in the Courts of Florida. They also are admitted without 
examination to the United States District Court for the North- 
ern District of Florida. 



180 UNIVERSITY OF FLORIDA 

COURSE OF INSTRUCTION 

The course of instruction extends thru three years of 
thirty-five weeks each, exclusive of vacations. The academic 
year is divided into two semesters, the first having eighteen 
weeks and the second seventeen. 

The method of instruction combines the use of textbooks, 
court rules, statutes, and selected cases. Each case is care- 
fully studied by the student, and in the classroom he is re- 
quired to analyze it, giving in his own language a clear and 
concise statement of the essential facts, the issues involved in 
the case, the law governing it, and the reasoning of the court 
for the conclusion reached. This practice tends to thoroness 
in reading, care in reasoning, and accuracy on the part of the 
student in the art of expression. 

In connection with this case work, the student studies a 
well- written textbook on the subject under consideration. This 
gives him a systematic summary of the same, more detailed 
information concerning the application of the law in particu- 
lar instances, and an outline of the exceptions to and limita- 
tions upon the general principles considered in the cases. 

Particular stress is placed upon the statutory modifications 
of the common law and the recent decisions of the courts. This 
is true in every subject in the curriculum ; but it is especially 
emphasized in Pleading, Practice, and Evidence, as the course 
of study is designed to instruct the student thoroly in the pe- 
culiarities of procedure, so that he will be able understandingly 
to enter upon the practice of law. Students are offered the 
option of intensive training under either the code or the com- 
mon law. 

With these ends in view, the following course of study 
has been prepared : 

FIRST YEAR 

FIRST SEMESTER 

Torts. — History and definitions; elements of torts; con- 
flicting rights ; mental anguish ; parties to tort actions ; reme- 
dies; damages; conflict of laws; methods of discharge; ex- 
haustive study of particular torts — false imprisonment; ma- 
licious prosecution ; abuse of process ; conspiracy ; slander and 
libel; trespass; conversion; deceit; nuisance; negligence; and 



COLLEGE OF LAW 131 

others. Textbooks : Burdick on Torts and Burdick's Cases on 
Torts, 3rd edition. (5 hours. Dean Trusler.) 

Contracts I. — Formation of contract; offer and accept- 
ance ; form and consideration ; reality of consent ; legality of 
object ; operation of contract ; limits of the contract obligation ; 
assignment of contract; joint obligations; interpretation of 
contract. Textbooks: Anson's Law of Contract, Huff cut's 
Edition ; Huff cut and Woodruff's Cases on Contract. (4 hours. 
Professor .*) 

Criminal Law. — Sources of criminal law ; nature and 
elements of crime; criminal intent; insanity; intoxication; 
duress; mistake of fact or law; justification; parties in crime; 
offenses against the person, habitation, property, public health 
and morals, public justice and authority, government, and 
the law of nations. Textbook : Clark on Criminal Law ; selected 
cases. (2 hours. Professor .*) 

Criminal Procedure. — Jurisdiction; arrest; preliminary 
examination and bail; grand jury, indictment and informa- 
tion and their sufficiency in form and substance; arraign- 
ment, pleas, and motions ; nolle prosequi and motions to quash ; 
jeopardy; presence of defendant at the trial; verdict; new 
trial ; arrest of judgment ; judgment, sentence, and execution. 
Textbook: Clark's Criminal Procedure; selected cases. (2 
hours. Professor .*) 

Property L — Personal property ; possession and rights 
based thereon ; acquisition of title ; liens and pledges ; conver- 
sion. Textbook : Warren's Cases on Property. (2 hours. 
Professor Arnold.) 

SECOND SEMESTER 

Equity Jurisprudence. — History and definition ; jurisdic- 
tion; maxims; accident, mistake, fraud; penalties and for- 
feitures ; priorities and notice ; bona fide purchasers ; estoppel ; 
election; satisfaction and performance; conversion; equitable 
estates, interest, primary rights; trusts; powers, duties, and 
liabilities of trustees ; mortgages ; equitable liens ; assignments ; 
specific performance; injunction; reformation; cancellation; 
cloud on titles; ancillary remedies. Textbook: Eaton on 
Equity; selected cases. (5 hours. Dean Trusler.) 

Contracts II and Quasi Contracts. — Rules relating to 



*To be elected. 



132 UNIVERSITY OF FLORIDA 

evidence and construction ; discharge of contract. Origin and 
nature of quasi contract; benefits conferred in misreliance on 
rights or duty, from mistake of law, and on invalid, unenforce- 
able, illegal, or impossible contract; benefits conferred thru 
dutiful intervention in another's affairs; benefits conferred 
under constraint; action for restitution as alternative remedy 
for breach of contract and for tort. Textbooks : Anson's Law 
of Contract, Huffcut's Edition; Huffcut and Woodruff's Cases 

on Quasi Contracts. (3 hours. Professor *) 

( Marriage and Divorce. — Marriage in general; nature of 
the relation; capacity of parties; annulment; divorce; suit, 
jurisdiction, grounds; defenses; alimony; effect on property 
rights ; custody and support of children ; agreements of sepa- 
ration. Textbook: Vernier's Cases on Marriage and Divorce. 
(1 hour. Professor .*) 

Common Law Pleading. — History and development of the 
personal actions at common law; theory of pleading and its 
peculiar features as developed by the jury trial ; demurrers, 
general and special ; pleas in discharge, in excuse, and by way 
of traverse ; replication de injuria; duplicity ; departure ; new 
assignment; motions based on pleadings; general rules of 
pleading. Textbook: Andrews' Stephen's Common Law 
Pleading. (3 hours. Professor Crandall.) 

Sales. — Sale and contract to sell; statute of frauds; ille- 
gality; conditions and warranties; delivery; acceptance and 
receipt; vendor's lien; stoppage in transitu; bills of lading; 
remedies of seller and buyer. Textbook: Burdick on Sales; 
selected cases. (1 hour. Professor .*) 

Property IL — Introduction to the law of conveyancing; 
rights incident to the ownership of land, and estates therein, 
including the land itself, air, water, fixtures, emblements, 
waste; profits; easements; licenses; covenants running with 
the land. Textbook : Warren's Cases on Property. (2 hours. 
Professor Arnold.) 

SECOND YEAR 

FIRST SEMESTER 

United States Constitutional Law. — General prin- 
ciples; distribution of governmental powers; congress; the 
chief executive ; the judiciary; police powers; eminent domain; 



*To be elected. 



COLLEGE OF LAW 133 

checks and balances; guarantee of republican government; 
civil rights; political privileges; guarantee in criminal cases; 
impairment of contractual obligations. Textbook: Hall's 
Cases on Constitutional Law, American Casebook Series. (U 
hours. Professor Crandall.) 

Agency. — Nature of the relation; purposes and manner 
of creation ; who may be principal or agent ; ratification ; dele- 
gation of authority; general and special agents; rights and 
duties of agents;, termination, nature, extent, construction, 
and execution of authority of agents ; rights, duties, and liabili- 
ties of agents; principal and third persons inter se; particular 
classes of agents. Textbooks: Mechem's Outlines of Agency 
and Mechem's Cases on Agency. (2 hours. Professor .*) 

Equity Pleading. — Nature and object of pleadings in 
equity; parties to a suit in equity; proceedings in a suit in 
equity; bills in equity; disclaimer; demurrers and pleas; 
answer and replication ; preparation of bills, demurrers, pleas, 
answers. Textbooks: Fletcher's Equity Pleading and Prac- 
tice ; Rules of the Circuit Court in Chancery in Florida ; Rules 
of the Federal Court ; Statutes of Florida. (3 hours. Professor 
Arnold.) 

Brief Making and the Use of Law Books. — ^Where to 
find the law; how to use statutes and decisions; how to find 
the law; the trial brief; the brief on appeal and its prepara- 
tion. Textbook: Cooley's Brief Making and the Use of Law 
Books. (1 hour. Professor Crandall.) 

Property III. — Titles and conveyancing, including acqui- 
sition of titles by possession, modes of conveyance at common 
law, under the statute of uses, and by statutory grant; the 
execution of deeds ; estates created ; covenants for titles ; estop- 
pel by deed ; priorities among titles. Textbook : Aigler's Cases 
on Property. (3 hours. Professor Arnold.) 

Florida Constitutional Law.** — Declaration of rights; 
departments of government; suffrage and eligibility; census 
and apportionment ; counties and cities ; taxation and finance ; 
homestead and exemption; married women's property; edu- 
cation; public institutions; miscellaneous provisions. Text- 
books : Constitution, statutes, and judicial decisions of Florida. 
(2 hours. Dean Trusler.) 

Code Pleading.** — Changes introduced by the codes; 

*To be elected. 

**Students may elect either Florida Constitutional Law or Code Pleading. 



134 UNIVERSITY OF FLORIDA 

forms of action ; necessary allegations ; the complaint ; prayer 
for relief ; answers, including general and special denials ; new 
matter; equitable defenses; counter claims; pleading several 
defenses; replies and demurrers. Textbook: Pomeroy's Code 
Remedies. (2 hours. Professor .*) 

SECOND SEMESTER 

Evidence. — Judicial notice; kinds of evidence; burden of 
proof; presumptions of law and fact; judge and jury; best 
evidence rule; hearsay rule and its exceptions; admissions; 
confessions; exclusions based on public policy and privilege; 
corroboration; parol evidence rule; witnesses; attendance in 
court ; examination, cross examination, privilege ; public docu- 
ments ; records and judicial writings ; private writings. Text- 
book : Greenleaf on Evidence, 16th edition, vol. 1 ; selected 
cases. (4 hours. Professor Crandall.) 

Private Corporations. — Nature ; creation and citizenship ; 
defective organization ; promotors ; powers and liabilities ; cor- 
porations and the State; dissolution; membership; manage- 
ment; creditors; foreign corporations; practice in forming 
corporations, preparing by-laws, electing officers, and in con- 
ducting corporate business. Textbooks : Clark on Private Cor- 
porations, and Wormser's Cases on Corporations. (J^ hours. 
Professor .*) 

Legal Ethics. — Admission of attorneys to practice; tax- 
ation ; privileges and exemptions ; authority ; liability to clients 
and third parties; compensation; liens; suspension and dis- 
barment; duties to clients; courts; professional brethren and 
society. Textbooks: Attorneys at Law in Ruling Case Law 
and the Code of Ethics adopted by the American Bar Associa- 
tion. (1 hour. Dean Truster.) 

Property IV. — History of the law of wills and testaments ; 
testamentary capacity and intent; kind of wills and testa- 
ments; execution, revocation, republication, revival of wills; 
descent; probate of wills and the administration of estates. 
Textbook: Costigan's Cases on Wills. (3 hours. Professor 
Arnold.) 

Florida Civil Practice.** — Organization of courts; 
parties ; joinder and consolidation of actions ; issuance, service. 



*To be elected. 

**For students intending to practice in Florida. 



COLLEGE OF LAW 135 

and return of process ; appearance ; trial ; verdict ; proceedings 
after verdict ; appellate proceedings ; peculiar characteristics of 
the common law actions ; special proceedings including certio- 
rari, mandamus, prohibition, quo warranto, habeas corpus, 
attachment, garnishment, statutory liens, forcible entry and 
detainer, landlord and tenant. Textbook: Crandall's Florida 
Civil Practice. (3 hours. Professor Crandall.) 

General Civil Procedure.** — The court; parties; forms 
of action; the trial; selection of jury and procedure in jury 
trial; judgment; execution; appeal and error. Textbook: 
Loyd's Cases on Civil Procedure. (3 hours. Professor 

.*; 

THIRD YEAR 

FIRST SEMESTER 

Insurance. — Theory, history, significance; insurable in- 
terest ; concealment, representations, warranties ; subrogation ; 
waiver and estoppel; assignees; beneficiaries; creditors; fire, 
life, marine, accident, guarantee, liability insurance. Text- 
books: Humble's Law of Insurance and Humble's Cases on 
Insurance. (1 hour. Dean Truster.) 

Public Service Corporations. — Nature of public utilities ; 
railroads and other common carriers of goods and passengers ; 
telegraphs and telephones; light and water companies; inns; 
warehouses ; elevators ; stockyards ; methods of incorporation ; 
public control; rights and obligations at common law and 
under federal and state statutes. Textbook: Wyman's Cases 
on Public Service Companies. (2 hours. Professor .*) 

Federal Procedure and Bankruptcy. — System of courts 
created under the authority of the United States, jurisdiction 
of the several courts and procedure therein ; Federal and state 
bankruptcy legislation; who may become bankrupt; prerequi- 
sites to adjudication; receivers; trustees; provable claims; 
exemptions; composition; discharge. Textbooks: Hughes on 
Federal Procedure, and Remington on Bankruptcy, Students* 
Edition. (3 hours. Professor Crandall.) 

Partnership. — Creation, nature, characteristics of a part- 
nership; nature of a partner's interest; nature, extent, dura- 



♦To be elected. 

**For students not intending to practice in Florida. 



136 UNIVERSITY OF FLORIDA 

tion of the partnership liability ; powers of partners ; rights, 
duties, remedies of partners inter se; rights and remedies of 
creditors ; termination of partnership. Textbook : Burdick on 
Partnership. (2 hours. Professor *) 

International Law. — Nature, subjects, and objects of in- 
ternational law; intercourse of states; settlement of interna- 
tional differences ; law of war ; law of neutrality. Textbook : 
Hershey's Essentials of International Public Law; selected 
readings. (1 hour. Professor .^) 

Admiralty. — Jurisdiction; contracts, torts, crimes; mari- 
time liens, ex contractu, ex delicto, priorities, discharge; bot- 
tomry and respondentia obligations ; salvage ; general average. 
Textbook: Hughes on Admiralty. (1 hour. Professor Cran- 
dall.) 

Judgments. — Nature and essentials; kinds; record; vaca- 
tion ; amendment ; modification ; satisfaction. Textbooks ; Rood 
on Judgments and Rood's Cases on Judgments. (2 hours. 
Professor Arnold.) 

Trusts. — The Anglo-American system of uses and trusts; 
creation, transfer, extinguishment of trust interests; priori- 
ties between competing equities; construction of trust dispo- 
sitions; charitable trusts. Textbook: Kenneson's Cases on 
Trusts. (2 hours. Professor .*) 

Practice Court. — (l hour. Professor Crandall.) 

SECOND SEMESTER 

Damages. — General principles ; nominal ; compensatory ; 
exemplary; liquidated; direct and consequential; proximate 
and remote; general and special; measure in contract and 
tort actions ; entire damages in one action ; mental suffering ; 
avoidable consequences; value; interest; lateral support; 
counsel fees and expenses of litigation ; injuries to real proper- 
ty and limited interests; death by wrongful act; breaches of 
warranty. Textbook : Rogers* Law of Damages ; selected cases. 
(2 hours. Dean Trusler.) 

Municipal Corporations. — Creation of cities and towns ; 
powers of a municipality, including public powers, power of 
taxation, power over streets and alleys, etc.; obligations and 
liabilities of municipal corporations ; powers and liabilities of 

■•To be elected. 



COLLEGE OF LAW 13T 

officers. Textbook: Cooley on Municipal Corporations. (2 
hours. Professor .*) 

Suretyship. — Nature of the contract; statute of frauds; 
surety's defenses against the creditor ; surety's rights, subro- 
gation, indemnity, contribution, exoneration ; creditor's rights 
to surety's securities. Textbook: Spencer on Suretyship. (2 
hours. Professor .*) 

Negotiable Instruments. — Law merchant ; definitions 
and general doctrines ; contract of the maker, acceptor, certi- 
fier, drawer, indorser, vendor, accommodater, assurer; pro- 
ceedings before and after dishonor of negotiable instruments ; 
absolute defenses ; equities ; payments ; conflict of laws. Text- 
book: Biglow on Bills, Notes and Cheques. (2 hours. Pro- 
fessor .*) 

Conflict of Laws. — Jurisdiction; sources of law and 
comity; territorial jurisdiction; jurisdiction in rem and in 
personam; remedies, rights of action, procedure; creation of 
rights; property rights; personal rights; inheritance; obliga- 
tions ex delicto and ex contractu ; recognition and enforcement 
of rights; personal relations; property; inheritance; admin- 
istration of estates; judgments and obligations. Textbook: 
Minor on the Conflict of Laws. (2 hours. Professor 

Property V. — Conditional estates; licenses and waivers; 
reversions and remainders ; rule in Shelley's Case ; future uses ; 
future interests; executory devises and bequests; vesting of 
legacies; cross limitations; gifts; failure of issue; determina- 
tion of classes; powers; rule against perpetuities; restraints 
on alienation. Textbook: Kales* Cases on Future Interests. 
(3 hours. Professor Arnold.) 

Jurisprudence. — Nature, meaning, subject matter of law ; 
justice; divisions of law; persons; relation of persons to 
things; claims of persons on persons; legal authorities and 
their use ; customs ; law reports ; case-law ; ancient and modem 
statutes. Textbook: Keener's Selections on Jurisprudence. 
(1 hour. Professor Arnold.) 

Practice Court. — (l hour. Professor Arnold.) 



*To be elected. 



138 UNIVERSITY OF FLORIDA 



TEACHERS COLLEGE AND NORMAL SCHOOL 

Faculty.— H. W. Cox, J. N. Anderson, 0. C. Ault, J. R. 
Benton, L. W. Buchholz, W. S. Cawthon, C. L. Crow, J. M. 
Farr, P. W. Fattig, W. B. Hathaway, J. R. Fulk, J. L. McGhee, 
J. W. Norman, T. H. Quigley, T. M. Simpson, A. J. Strong, 
J. E. Turlington. 

Teaching Fellows. — J. C. Frye, L. L. Householder. 

GENERAL STATEMENT 

The Teachers College and Normal School is a professional 
school, the main purpose of which is to train young men for 
positions in the public-school system of the State as teachers, 
principals, supervisors, or as county or city superintendents 
of public instruction. Its Review Courses are intended to 
prepare for the examinations for County and State Certifi- 
cates. For those not wishing to become teachers it offers 
courses giving the information about and the insight into 
modern educational problems that every intelligent citizen 
should possess. 

Vocational Education. — By Act of the Legislature of 
1917 the University was designed as the institution, under 
the Smith-Hughes Act, for training teachers for Agriculture 
and for Trades and Industries. Tentative curricula for Agri- 
cultural Education and for the Trades and Industries have 
been outlined. It is hoped that a large number of students will 
register for these courses. Many teachers of these subjects 
will be needed and good salaries will be paid. 

The University will secure for students positions during 
vacations enabling them to gain the practical experience re- 
quired of those taking courses in Vocational Education. 

Peabody Hall. — A description of Peabody Hall, the home 
of the College, is to be found on page 19. 

Library. — The pedagogical library receives many of the 
best educational journals and contains the standard books on 
educational theory, general and special methods, the history 
of education, psychology and philosophy. Additions are made 
every year. 



TEACHERS COLLEGE 139 

Psychological Laboratory. — The Psychological Labora- 
tory (see page 23) affords an excellent opportunity to investi- 
gate the laws of the mind. To know these thru experiment 
will give the teacher greater power to direct their develop- 
ment in the child. 

Peabody Club. — This Club meets once a week to discuss 
educational problems, especially those that confront the young 
teacher. It also brings out the advantages of holding teachers' 
meetings and conferences. All students of the College are 
urged to become members of the Club and to take an active 
part in its work. 

Organization. — The Teachers College and Normal School 
has the following divisions: 

(1) Teachers College. 

(2) Normal School. 

(3) Practice High School. 

(4) Teachers' Employment Bureau. 

(5) State High School Inspection. 

(6) Correspondence School. 

(7) University Summer School. 

State Certificates. — Graduates of the Teachers College 
and of the Normal School are granted State Certificates with- 
out further examination — provided that one-fifth of their 
work has been devoted to professional training and provided 
that during each of the last two years of their course they 
make a general average of eighty-five on all subjects and do 
not fall below sixty in any subject. These State Certificates 
are converted into Life Certificates in the usual way. 

TEACHERS COLLEGE 

Admission. — See pages 36 to 42, inclusive. 

Teaching Fellowships. — See page 33. 

Degrees. — Courses are offered leading to the degrees of 
Bachelor of Arts in Education and Bachelor of Science in 
Education. 

Electives. — In order that graduates may be well prepared 
to teach two or three high-school subjects, much freedom in 
the choice of electives is permitted. It is assumed that the 
student will elect the subjects which he hopes to teach and 
will take advantage of his freedom of choice to become 
especially proficient in these. For a list of Elective Groups see 



140 UNIVERSITY OF FLORIDA 

page 47. For the A.B. degree the major elective work must 
be chosen in Groups II and III, or Group II or III; for the 
B.S. degree, from Group IV. The choice of electives must be 
approved by the Dean and no more than the required number 
shall be chosen without his consent. 

CURRICULUM 

Leading to the Degree of Bachelor of Arts or Bachelor of Science in 

Education 
Freshman Year 

Names of Courses Nature of Work Hours per Week 

Education la Psychology 1 3 

Education I& Methods of Study J 

English I Rhetoric and Composition 3 

Foreign Language French, Latin, or Spanish 3 

Agronomy I General Agriculture 

Biology la and II& 

Chemistry I General Chemistry 

Foreign Language French, Latin, or Spanish 

History I Modern European 

Mathematics 

Physics I General Physics 

Military Science 1 1 

1& 

Sophomore Year 

Education II Reviews and Methods of Teaching Arith- 
metic and Grammar, Reading, Geog- 
raphy, and History 3 

Education III Public-School Administration 3 

Military Science II 1 

♦Group II 3 

♦Group III 3 

♦Group IV 3 



16 



Junior Year 



Education IVa History of Education ] 8 

Education IV6 Secondary Education J 

Philosophy I General Psychology 3 

Electives 9 



15 



Senior Year 



Education V Principles and Philosophy of Education.. 3 

Education Via Child Study ] 3 

Education VI6 Practice Teaching J 

Education VII High-School Problems 1 

Electives 9 

16 

♦See page 47. 



TEACHERS COLLEGE 141 

CURRICULUM, AGRICULTURAL EDUCATION COURSE 

Leading to the degree of Bachelor of Science in Education 

Freshman Year 
Names of Courses Nature of Work * Hours per Week 

Agricultural Education B Rural Problems 3 

Agricultural Engineering Ia..Machinery and Motors 4 

Agronomy I Soils and Crops 2 2 

Animal Husbandry 16 Types and Breeds of Animals 4 

Chemistry I General Chemistry 4 4 

English I Composition and Rhetoric 3 3 

Horticulture I ._ „ Plant Propagation 2 2 

Mathematics la Higher Algebra, Analytic 

Geometry 3 



18 18 



Sophomore Year 



Agronomy Ila Field Crops 3 

Agronomy III6 Forage Crops 3 

Biology la and 116 4 4 

Dairying la Dairy Products 3 

Education I Psychology and Methods 3 3 

Horticulture II Trucking 2 2 

Biology III6 General Zoology 4 

Electives 3 2 



18 18 



Junior Year 



Agronomy IV6 Fertilizers 3 

Animal Husbandry V6 Swine Production 2 

Education III Public-School Administration 3 3 

Education VIII Methods in Agricultural Educa- 
tion 3 3 

History II ] 

or [33 

Sociology III Rural Sociology J 

Horticulture Xa General Forestry 3 4 

Poultry Husbandry la Poultry Culture 3 

Electives 3 



18 18 



Senior Year 



Agronomy Via and VII6 Farm Management 3 3 

Biology XIa and XI6 4 3 

or 

Chemistry IV Agricultural Chemistry 5 3 

Education IV6 Secondary Education 3 

Education VI Practice Teaching 2 2 

Education IXa Vocational Education 3 

Electives ? 6 



19 17 



♦The first column gives the hours per week for the first semester, the 
second column those for the second semester. 



142 UNIVERSITY OF FLORIDA 

VOCATIONAL EDUCATION— TRADES AND INDUSTRIES 

CURRICULUM FOR TEACHERS OF RELATED SUBJECTS 

Leading to the Degree of B, S. in Education 

Subjects of Study * Hours per Week 

Freshman Year 

Advanced Algebra, Trigonometry and Analjrtical Geometry.... .0 3 

Descriptive Geometry 3 3 

Elementary Woodworking 3 3 

English 3 3 

Mechanical Drawing 2 2 

Military Science 2 

Physics I 3 3 

Physics II 2 2 

Sophomore Year 

Carpentry 6 

Chemistry I 4 4 

Forge Shop 1% 

Foundry 1% 

Machine Drawing 1% 1% 

Masonry and Concrete 3 

Mechanical Technology 1 

Military Science 2 

Physics III 3 3 

Plumbing 3 

Psychology 3 

Principles of Teaching 3^ 

Junior Year 

Analytical Mechanics 4 

Architectural Drawing 3 3 

Economics 3 

Electrical Engineering la 3 

Graphic Statics 2% 

History of Vocational Education 3 

Kinematics of Machinery 2 2 

Machine Shop 3 

Pattern Making 3 

Sheet Metal 3 3 

Strength of Materials 4 

Senior Year 

Electrical Engineering V 3 

Gas Engines 2 

Gas Engines, Laboratory 2 

Machine Design 2 4 

Machine Shop 3 

Organization, Surveys, and Vocational Guidance 3 

Practice-Teaching 6 6 

Steam Engines 3 

Steam Engines, Laboratory 2 

Vocational Methods 3 0^ 

*The first column gives the hours per week for the first semester; the 
second, those for the second semester. 



TEACHERS COLLEGE 143 

TWO-YEAR COURSE FOR TEACHERS OF RELATED SUBJECTS 

This course presupposes on the part of the student considerable practical 

experience. 

Subjects of Study * Hours per Week 

First Year 
Elective Shop Work, Drawing, etc. (supplementing practical 

experience) 5 5 

Elective Mathematics and Science 5 5 

Elective English, Civics, Economics, Sociology, etc 5 5 

Elementary Psychology 5 

Principles of Teaching 8^ 

Second Year 

History of Vocational Education 3 

Vocational Methods 3 

Practice Teaching 4 4 

Organization, Surveys, and Vocational Guidance 3 

Elective Shop, Drawing, or Applied Science 13 10 

*The first column gives the hours per week for the first semester; the 
second, those for the second semester. 



144 UNIVERSITY OF FLORIDA 



DEPARTMENTS OF INSTRUCTION 



EDUCATION 

Professor Cox Professor Norman 

Professor Buchholz Professor Fattig 

Professor Fulk Professor Quigley 

Education la. — Psychology. — Designed to set forth the 
main phenomena of mental life, to furnish the student with 
the concepts and terms which will constantly recur in his 
further study and to prepare candidates for the examination 
on psychology for the State Certificate. The textbook pre- 
scribed by the State Superintendent of Public Instruction will 
be used in connection with lectures and much reference work 
to standard American writers. (Required of Freshmen; first 
semester; S hours.) 

Education lb. — General Methods. — The application of the 
laws of psychology, as learned in Education la, to the general 
methods of study and of teaching. The student will be shown 
the best methods of study that psychological laws indicate 
and he will be urged to pattern his own habits of study 
accordingly. General principles and methods of teaching will 
be stressed. (Required of Freshmen; second semester; 3 
hours.) 

Education Ila. — Reviews and Methods of Teaching Arith- 
metic and Grammar. — A review of arithmetic and grammar 
in order to acquaint the student with the fundamental prin- 
ciples of the subject before the methods, which immediately 
follow, are given. (Required of Sophomores; first semester; 3 
hours.) 

Education lib. — Reviews and Methods of Teaching Read- 
ing, Geography, and History. — Mastery of each subject from 
the teacher's point of view followed immediately by the best 
methods of teaching the subject. (Required of Sophomores; 
second semester; 3 hours.) 

Education III. — Public School Administration. — Designed 
to meet the needs of school principals, superintendents, and 
supervising officers. The course will attempt to present the 
essential principles governing proper educational control for 
all types of public-school work, city, county, and state. (Re- 
quired of Sophomores; 3 hours.) 



TEACHERS COLLEGE 145 

Education IVa. — History of Education. — This course has 
two main purposes: first, to lead the student to appreciate 
the present educational situation in the light of the past; 
second, to acquaint him with the educational influence of the 
great educational leaders since the time of Rousseau. (Re- 
quired of Juniors; first semester; 3 hours.) 

Education IV&. — Secondary Education. — Designed to give 
insight into the problems of secondary schools. Many prob- 
lems relating to the high schools in this and other Southern 
states are gone over for the purpose of understanding the 
present situation and of planning for better things. The fol- 
lowing special topics may be mentioned : History of Secondary 
Education, Comparative Study of Secondary Education in 
Different Countries, The Junior High-School Movement, The 
High School as a Factor in Community Uplift, Economy in 
Secondary Schools, Adolescence. Lectures and reference work 
supplement the reading of several texts. (Required of Juniors; 
second semester; 3 hours.) 

Education V. — The Principles and Philosophy of Educa- 
tion. — Principles underlying high-school curricula, culture, the 
new humanities, the relation of education to the state, democ- 
racy and education, interest and effort, the social, moral, and 
religious aspects of education. The purpose is to give a broad, 
sound philosophy upon which the teacher may base his practice 
in the school-room. (Required of Seniors; 3 hours.) 

Education Vila. — Child Study. — This course aims to give 
the student an insight into the physical development and 
growth of the child, the meaning of protracted infancy, the 
origin and development of instincts, the development of intel- 
lect, heredity, individuality, abnormalities, and the applica- 
tion of facts learned to school work, etc. (Required of 
Seniors; first semester; 3 hours.) 

Education VI6.* — Practice Teaching. — Knowledge of the 
principles, theory, and history of education will better fit any 
teacher for his work, but these without concrete experiences 
and practice under direction will not give the best results. 
This course is planned to give the student practice in con- 
ducting recitations under close supervision. Lesson plans will 
be required for all recitations, and the manner of teaching 



♦Students preparing to teach agriculture, must do their practice teaching 
in that subject, and four (4) hours will be required. 

10 



146 UNIVERSITY OF FLORIDA 

will be subject to criticism. (Required of Seniors; second 
semester; 3 hours.) 

Education VII. — High-School Problems. — Planned prin- 
cipally for high-school teachers, special attention being given 
to practical problems they will have to solve in the actual 
work of their profession. (Required of Seniors; 1 hour.) 

Education VIII. — Methods of Teaching Agriculture. — 
Methods in selecting material for agricultural instruction, or- 
ganizing courses of study, and in presenting the subjects to 
pupils. (Junior year; 3 hours.) 

Education IXa. — Vocational Education. — Development 
and principles of vocational education with special reference 
to vocational opportunities in Florida; prevocational educa- 
tion and vocational guidance. (First semester; 3 hours.) 

Education X. — Educational Hygiene. — Conditions and 
forces that affect the physical and mental vigor of children 
and teachers, and relate the school to the health of the home 
and the community. Location and sanitation of school build- 
ings; hygienic furniture, etc.; diseases and physical defects; 
medical inspection; hygiene of instruction; teacher's health; 
play and recreation; teaching of hygiene. (Juniors and 
Seniors; second semester; 3 hours.) 

Education XL — Educational Diagnosis. — The making of 
school surveys; the use of scales for measuring educational 
products; educational stock-taking. How to determine what 
kind of school a community needs, and what progress pupils 
are making, etc. (Elective for Graduate Students.) 

Education XII. — Current Educational Problems. — Prob- 
lems vitally important to the success of the teacher. Various 
phases of school life and activities will be discussed and some 
attention will be given to educational administration and 
school law as they affect the teacher. (Elective for Graduate 
Students; 3 or more hours.) 

ITINERANT PLAN OF TRAINING INDUSTRIAL TEACHERS 

Under the Smith-Hughes Act there are two types of 
teachers of trade and industrial education : the shop teacher, 
who gives instruction in the actual shop or trade manipulative 
subjects — carpentry, machine shop, blacksmithing, printing, 
etc.; the related-subject teacher, who teaches the technical 
branches relating to the trade — drawing, related mathematics 
or science. 



TEACHERS COLLEGE 147 

In cooperation with the State Board for Vocational Edu- 
cation, the University is securing as many as possible related- 
subject teachers from the industries of the State, altho a few 
may be obtained from among the members of the teaching pro- 
fession. All of the shop teachers will be obtained from the 
industries. Prospective trade and industrial teachers are 
selected because of their industrial experience, education, 
moral and civic ideals, and potential teaching ability, which 
qualifications are determined mainly by personal interview 
and by careful inquiry of fellow-workmen and employers. 
Once selected, these prospective teachers, obviously varying 
greatly in preparation, are grouped in evening classes in their 
home cities and trained by a representative of the University 
in the art of teaching, altho as much as possible of the work 
in Practice-Teaching is done in Part Time classes. 

As demand arises, those who have successfully completed 
the course are, with the approval of the State Board for Voca- 
tional Education, put into service by local boards. Fifteen 
men have up to the present time been thus trained and im- 
mediately afterwards placed in teaching positions. 

The subjects taught are divided into four groups, each 
usually requiring thirty hours for completion. If possible, 
however, much more than thirty hours will be devoted to the 
Practice-Teaching, especially as thru this most of the Obser- 
vation will also be accomplished. 

The course will in general be as follows: 

A. — History and Development of the Vocational Education 
Movement; Mechanics of Teaching; Shop Organization; Edu- 
cational Law (State and National) ; Trade Analysis for Edu- 
cational Purposes. 

B. — Applied Science ; Shop Mathematics ; Mechanical 
Drawing and Design ; Industrial Methods. 

C. — Practice-Teaching. 

D. — Practice-Teaching; Observation; Making Up Deficien- 
cies in Trade or General Education and in Trade Experience. 

OTHER DEPARTMENTS 

Descriptions of the other subjects that may be taken by 
students in the Teachers College can be found by reference 
to the Index. 



148 UNIVERSITY OF FLORIDA 

NORMAL SCHOOL 

COURSES AND REQUIREMENTS 

The Normal School offers four courses: 

Course I. — Review Course. — This covers both the contents 
and the methods of teaching the subjects required for County 
and State Certificates and is designed for those engaged in 
teaching from four to six months in the year and desirous 
of renewing or advancing the grade of their certificates. 

A registration fee of one dollar ($1.00) is charged. 

Course II. — One-Year Course. — This covers the same work 
as Course I, but is gone over more slowly and may be entered 
upon at any time during the year. Hours and classes are 
arranged to suit the special needs of students. 

There are no requirements for admission to either Course 
I or II and all teachers who can profit by either are wel- 
comed. The character of the work leading to State and 
Special Certificates is described under Course IV; an outline 
of the work leading to a County Certificate is given below. 
The books adopted by the State Text Book Commission will be 
used as the basis of instruction. 

CURRICULUM 

Leading to County Certificates 

Names of Courses Nature of Work Hours per Week 

Agriculture 2 

Algebra 4 

Arithmetic 3 

Civil Government 2 

English Composition 2 

English Grammar 2 

Hygiene 2 

Orthography 2 

Pedagogy 2 

Physical Geography 3 

Political Geography 2 

Reading 1 

United States and Florida History 3 

DESCRIPTION OF COURSES OF STUDY 

Agriculture R. — Soils, plants and their common diseases, 
insects, farm crops, domestic animals, etc. Textbooks, labora- 
tory, and field work. Methods of teaching agriculture in rural 
schools stressed. (2 hours.) 

Algebra R. — Fundamental operations, simple and simul- 



NORMAL SCHOOL 149 

taneous equations, factoring, fractions, involution and evolu- 
tion, quadratic equations, progressions, ratio and proportion. 
Closely correlated with arithmetic. (4- hours.) 

Arithmetic R. — Review, from both the teacher's and the 
child's point of view, of subjects covered by the textbook adopt- 
ed by the State. Principles and methods of teaching arith- 
metic. (S hours.) 

Civil Government R. — Local, town and city, county. State, 
and national governments; methods of teaching the subject. 
(2 hours.) 

English Composition R. — Words, sentences, paragraphs, 
whole compositions; narration, description, exposition, argu- 
ment; much practice in writing. Punctuation and spelling. 
Letter-writing. (2 hours.) 

English Grammar R. — Parts of speech; inflection; syn- 
tax, structure, and analysis of sentences ; principles and meth- 
ods of teaching grammar. (2 hours.) 

Hygiene R. — The body; functions and use of the organs. 
The importance of hygiene and sanitation, how to keep well 
and physically efficient. (2 hours.) 

Orthography R. — The spelling of common words and best 
methods of teaching spelling. Correct spelling in all written 
work demanded. (2 hours.) 

Pedagogy R. — School management, general and special 
methods of teaching, elementary principles of child nature, 
school hygiene and sanitation, personality of teacher, relation 
of school and community, etc. (2 hours.) 

Physical Geography R. — The main topics found in the 
ordinary textbooks. Stress placed on the effects that physical 
features have on man, commerce, and society. Closely corre- 
lated with agriculture. (3 hours.) 

Political Geography R. — Review of the geography of 
the United States and the world. Special attention to Florida 
and its relation to other states. Instruction in the use of 
textbooks, maps, globes, industrial products, stereoscope, post- 
cards, and newspapers. (2 hours.) 

Reading R. — Practice in reading to the end that teachers 
may be able to read well to their classes. Story-telling. 
Methods of teaching the subject. (1 hour.) 

United States and Florida History R. — Review of U. S. 
and Florida history; their correlation with geography and 



150 UNIVERSITY OF FLORIDA 

literature; methods of teaching the subject. Special attention 
given to biography and the topic method. (3 hours.) 

Course III. — ^Two-Year Elementary Professional Course. — 

This course includes all subjects taught in the elementary 
and rural schools. It gives special attention to methods, 
management, rural problems, and such other professional sub- 
jects as will make rural- and grammar-school teachers more 
efficient. Applicants who hold teachers' certificates, or who 
have finished the eighth grade of a grammar school, will be 
admitted to the first year. On the completion of Course III, 
students will be admitted to the first year of the Four-Year 
Normal Course. 

CURRICULUM, TWO-YEAR ELEMENTARY PROFESSIONAL 

COURSE 

First Year 

Names of Courses Nature of Work Hours per Week 

Education 2-Yr. I Reviews and Methods of Teaching U. S. 

and Florida History, Reading, and 

Political Geography 4 

English 2-Yr. I Grammar, Composition, and Classics 4 

History 2-Yr. I Ancient History 4 

Mathematics 2-Yr. I Algebra 4 

Science 2-Yr. I Physical Geography and Physiology 4 

Secovd Year 

Education 2-Yr. II Reviews and Methods of Teaching Arith- 
metic and English Language 4 

Education 2-Yr. Ill School Management and Rural Problems 4 

English 2-Yr. II Composition and Classics 4 

Mathematics 2-Yr. II Algebra 4 

Science 2-Yr. II Agronomy and Horticulture 3 



DESCRIPTION OF COURSES OF STUDY 

Education 2-yr. I. — Reviews and Methods of Teaching U. 
S. and Florida Histo7"y, Reading, and Political Geography. 
— The work is broader and more advanced than that of the 
eighth grade and is looked at from both the teacher's and 
pupil's point of view. History is studied in the fall, reading in 
the winter, and geography in the spring, the subject-matter 
being first given and then the methods of presenting it to a 
class. (4 hours.) 

Education 2-yr. II. — Reviews and Methods of Teaching 
Arithmetic and the English Language. — Thoro reviews are 



NORMAL SCHOOL 161 

made and difficult parts explained. Methods of teaching are 
given after the reviews are completed. (4- hours.) 

Education 2-yr. III. — School Management and Rural 
Problems. — School organization, classification, discipline; 
school hygiene, recess, play; one- and two-teacher rural 
schools ; grading rural schools ; rural boys and girls ; relation 
of teacher to child, home, and community, etc. ("^ hours.) 

English 2-yr. I. — Grammar, Composition, and Classics. — 
Advanced grammar (twice per week). Composition, oral and 
written; at least one written per week. Narration stressed. 
Spelling and letter-writing. Classics, College Entrance Re- 
quirements and those suited for the upper grades of the gram- 
mar school and the ninth grade of the high school. (4 hours.) 

English 2-yr. II. — Composition and Classics. — A text- 
book in composition used as guide (twice per week). De- 
scription and narration stressed. Oral and written composi- 
tion; one written each week. Spelling and letter- writing. 
Classics (twice per week) suited to grade and high-school 
work. (4- hours.) 

History 2-yr. I. — Ancient History. — History of Greece 
and Rome stressed. Special note of hero stories, biography, 
mythology, and that which appeals to the child in the grades. 
Reference reading required. (4 hours.) 

Mathematics 2-yr. I. — Algebra. — A beginner's course 
covering the work thru elementary quadratics. (4- hours.) 

Mathematics 2-yr. II. — Algebra. — Review of algebra to 
quadratics, then quadratics and the remaining part of an ordi- 
nary second-year algebra. (4^ hours.) 

Science 2-yr. I. — Physical Geography and Physiology. — 
The work in physical geography will be about as outlined in 
the newer secondary school geographies. The proper corre- 
lation of physical with political and commercial geographies 
— especially necessary for teachers. Laboratory and field 
work with notes on all observations and experiments. (First 
semester.) Physiology, sanitation, and hygiene. Laboratory 
work with notes required. (Second semester; U hours.) 

Science 2-yr. II. — Agronomy and Horticulture. — Soils 
and soil fertility in relation to plant growth and the principles 
governing production of field and forage crops. (First semes- 
ter.) Varieties and culture requirements of our principal 
fruits and vegetables; location of orchards and gardens with 



152 UNIVERSITY OF FLORIDA 

reference to soils, climate, and markets; protection from in- 
sects and diseases ; harvesting and marketing ; styles of decor- 
ative planting adapted to home and school. (Second semes- 
ter; 3 hours,) 

Course IV. — Four- Year Normal Course. — This course is 
similar to that of the standard normal schools of this coun- 
try. Applicants who have finished the first two years of a 
high school will be admitted to the first year of this course. 
High-school graduates will be allowed to enter the third year. 
Graduates of the Normal School will be admitted to the Junior 
class of the Teachers College and will be granted a State Cer- 
tificate, provided they make an average of eighty per cent in 
all subjects during the Junior and Senior years. 

CURRICULUM, FOUR-YEAR NORMAL COURSE 

First Year 

Names of Courses Nature of Work Hours per Week 

English NI Rhetoric, Composition, and Classics 4 

History NI Medieval and Modern History 4 

Mathematics NI Plane Geometry 4 

Take from 4 to 8 hours of the following: 

Agriculture NI Elements of Agronomy and Horticulture 3 

French NI Beginner's Course 4 

Latin NI Beginner's Course 4 

Mechanic Arts NIa and NII6 Wood Work 3 

Science NI Biology 4 

Science Nil Chemistry 4 

Spanish NI Beginner's Course 4 

Required 16 to 20 

Second Year 

English Nil American and English Literature and 

Composition 4 

History Nil American History and Civics 4 

Take from 8 to 12^ hours of the following: 

Agriculture Nil Elements of Animal Husbandry and 

Agricultural Engineering 3 

French Nil Second Year Course 4 

Latin Nil Caesar (4 books) and Composition 4 

Mathematics Nil Plane Trigonometry and Solid Geom- 
etry 4 

Mechanic Arts Nllla and 

NIV6 Forge and Foundry Work 4% 

Science NIII Physics 4 

Spanish Nil Second Year Course 4 



Required 16 to 20% 

The third and fourth years are the same as the Freshman 
and Sophomore years, respectively, of the A.B. or B.S. course 



NORMAL SCHOOL 158 

of the Teachers College (see pages 140 to 142), except that 
the foreign language courses are elective and that in the 
fourth year Education IVa and VI6 are required. 

DEPARTMENTS OF INSTRUCTION 

AGRICULTURE 

Agriculture NI. — See Agronomy Aa and Horticulture A^, 
College of Agriculture. 

Agriculture Nil. — See Animal Husbandry Aa and Agri- 
cultural Engineering Ab, College of Agriculture. 

EDUCATION 

Professor Buchholz 

Education NI. — General Pedagogy, Reviews, and Meth- 
ods. — Elementary principles of school control. Review of 
subjects to be taught, methods of teaching. (4^ hours.) 

Education NIL — School Management and Methods. — Spe- 
cial attention given to the management of rural schools. 
Methods of study and teaching. C^ hours.) 

ENGLISH 

Mr. Hathaway 

English NI. — Composition and Classics. — The elements 
of composition emphasized; grammar reviewed. Much writ- 
ten work required. Carefully selected list of Classics pre- 
scribed for reading and study. (First year; U hours.) 

English Nil. — Composition, Rhetoric, and Classics. — 
Broader and of higher grade than English NI, which is pre- 
supposed. The structure of the sentence, the paragraph, and 
the connected paragraph stressed. (Second year; U hours.) 

FRENCH 

Mr. Hathaway 

French NI. — First Year. — Pronunciation, reading aloud, 
dictation, conversation, forms, simple constructions, reading of 
easy selections. (First year; U hours.) 

French NIL — Second Year. — Work of first year con- 
tinued. Grammar, elements of syntax, exercises, dictation, 
conversation, reading of selections. (Second year; U hours.) 



164 UNIVERSITY OF FLORIDA 

HISTORY 

Mr. Frye 

History NI. — Medieval and Modern History. — The Age 
of Charlemagne down to the present time. Medieval history 
touched lightly, stress placed upon English history. Text- 
book and reference reading. (First year; U hours.) 

History NH. — American History and Civics. — Early dis- 
coveries to the present time. Civics in connection with the 
history. Stress laid upon local history, geography, and indus- 
tries ; transportation and communication ; organized communi- 
ty life and public health; local, State, and national govern- 
ments. Textbook and reference reading. (Second year; U 
hours.) 

LATIN 

Mr. Hathaway 

Latin NI. — Beginner's Latin. — A good first-year book will 
be completed. (First, second, or third year; U hours.) 

Latin NIL — Caesar, Composition, and Grammar. — Four 
books of Caesar. Prose composition and grammar once a 
week. (Second, third, or fourth year; U hours.) 

Latin NHL — Cicero, Composition, and Grammar. — Six 
orations of Cicero. Prose composition and grammar once a 
week. (Third or fourth year; 4 hours.) 

Latin NIV. — Virgil, Composition, and Grammar. — Six 
books of Virgil. Prose composition and grammar once a week. 
(Fourth year; U hours.) 

manual training 

Mr. Strong 

Mechanic Arts NIa. — See Carpentry and Wood Turning, 
College of Engineering. 

Mechanic Arts Nil 6. — See Wood Carving and Furniture 
Construction, College of Engineering. 

Mechanic Arts NIIIo. — See Forge la, College of Engi- 
neering. 

Mechanic Arts NIV6.— See Foundry \h, College of En- 
gineering. 

MATHEMATICS 

Mr. Frye 

Mathematics NI. — Plane Geometry. — First five books in 
plane geometry. (First year; U hours.) 



PRACTICE HIGH SCHOOL 155 

Mathematics NIL — Solid Geometry and Plane Trigonom- 
etry. — Study of the topics covered by standard high schools. 
(Second year; 2 hours each.) 

SCIENCE 

Mr, Householder 

Science NI. — Biology. — Essentials of plant, animal, and 
human biology ; textbook and laboratory work. Carefully kept 
notebooks required. (First year; U hours.) 

Science NIL — Chemistry. — Elementary principles of 
chemistry; textbook and laboratory work. Carefully kept 
notebooks required. (First year; 4 hours.) 

Science NIIL — Physics. — Elements of physics; textbook 
and laboratory work. Carefully kept notebooks required. 
(Second year; U hours.) 

SPANISH 

Mr. Hathaway 

Spanish NI. — First Year. — Pronunciation and reading 
aloud, dictation, conversation, forms, simple constructions, 
reading of easy selections. (First year; U hours.) 

Spanish NIL — Second Year. — Work of first year contin- 
ued. Grammar, elements of syntax, exercises, dictation, con- 
versation, reading of selections. (Second year; 4. hours.) 

PRACTICE HIGH SCHOOL 

The former Sub-Collegiate division of the University has 
been so widened as to make it a practice and model school for 
the students of education. Here student-teachers will have 
opportunity to observe the methods of skilled instructors, as 
well as to practice teaching, under guidance, the high-school 
subjects in which they are most interested. 

Admission. — Only graduates of Junior high schools, or 
pupils who have finished work equal to that of the tenth 
grade, will be admitted. No pupil will be enrolled who has not 
completed the course offered by the high school at his home, ex- 
cept upon the written application of parent or guardian, ac- 
companied by the endorsement of his high-school principaL 
The number admitted to either grade will be limited to twenty- 
five. 

Restrictions. — The pupils of the Practice High School 



156 UNIVERSITY OF FLORIDA 

are considered boys and are not permitted to join any class, 
society, fraternity, athletic team, or other organization con- 
ducted for or by the University students. A pupil violating 
this regulation will be required to withdraw immediately from 
the High School. Pledging one's self to join in subsequent 
years a fraternity is considered a flagrant violation of the 
regulation. 

Studies. — The work is that of the eleventh and twelfth 
grades of the standard high schools of Florida. Not less than 
sixteen nor more than twenty hours may be taken in any one 
year except by special permission ; all choice is subject to the 
approval of the Dean of the Teachers College. 

HIGH SCHOOL CURRICULUM 

Third Year or Eleventh Grade 

Names of Courses Nature of Work Hours per Week 

♦English Rhetoric, Composition and Classics 4 

♦Mathematics Plane Geometry 4 

Take from 8 to 12 hours of the following: 

Agriculture Elements of Agronomy and Horticulture 3 

French Elementary Course 4 

History Medieval and Modem 4 

Latin Beginner's, Caesar, or Cicero and Com- 
position 4 

Manual Training Wood Work 3 

Science Physics 4 

Spanish Elementary Course 4 



Required 


16 to 20 


Fourth Year or Twelfth Grade 


Names of Courses Nature of Work 


Hours per Week 



♦English American and English Literature and 

Composition 4 

♦History American History and Civics 4 

Take from 8 to 12 hours of the following: 

Agriculture Elements of Animal Husbandry and 

Agricultural Engineering 3 

French Intermediate Course 4 

Latin Caesar, Cicero, or Virgil and Compo- 
sition 4 

Manual Training Forge and Foundry Work 1^ 

Mathematics Solid Geometry and Plane Trigonom- 
etry 4 

Science Biology, Chemistry each 4 

Spanish Intermediate Course 4 

Required 16 to 20 

♦Required of all pupils. 



CORRESPONDENCE SCHOOL 157 

STATE HIGH SCHOOL INSPECTION 

This division of the College was made possible thru the 
liberality of the General Education Board of New York. (See 
page 13.) 

Professor W. S. Cawthon will visit and inspect the high 
schools of the State, and promote in every way possible their 
development. He will give what aid he can toward estab- 
lishing high schools where they do not exist. Whenever re- 
quested, he will gladly discuss with school officials or private 
citizens any educational matter that may tend toward the 
welfare and improvement of those already established. 

TEACHERS' EMPLOYMENT BUREAU 

This Bureau was instituted to assist teachers who had at- 
tended the University in securing positions and to furnish 
schools with efficient instructors. At the request of many 
school officials, and because of the difficulty, due to the scarcity 
of trained teachers, that county superintendents and high- 
school principals often encounter in filling vacancies, the serv- 
ices of the Bureau have been placed at the disposal of every 
good teacher in the State. The cooperation of superintendents, 
principals, and teachers is invited. Officials needing trained 
men or women, and teachers desiring promotion or change, 
are asked to call upon the Bureau for its aid. No charges are 
made for services. 

CORRESPONDENCE SCHOOL 

Harvey W. Cox, Director 

Faculty.— H. W. Cox, O. C. Ault, L. W. Buchholz, W. S. 
Cawthon, C. L. Crow, J. M. Farr, T. C. Frye, J. R. Fulk, W. 
B. Hathaway, J. W. Norman. 

GENERAL STATEMENT 

Because of the demand for instruction on the part of 
those unable to attend an institution of learning, several cor- 
respondence courses are offered. These may be begun at any 
time during the regular session of the University and will, if 
successfully completed, entitle the student to a certificate or to 
credit towards a degree or diploma from the Teachers College 
and Normal School. 



168 UNIVERSITY OF FLORIDA 

No minor, unless he is teaching, will be registered for a 
course that can be taken in a high school in his county, ex- 
cept upon the recommendation of the high-school principal. 
A registration fee of $5.00 is charged for each course. ^ 
For further information or for registration blanks, apply- 
to the Dean of the Teachers College and Normal School. 

UNIVERSITY SUMMER SCHOOL 

(CO-EDUCATIONAL) 

June 17— August 9, 1918 
June 16— August 1, 1919 

Faculty (1918).— H. W. Cox, J. N. Anderson, E. C. Beck, 
Mrs. M. May Beck, F. W. Buchholz, L. W. Buchholz, Miss 
Margaret Burney, W. S. Cawthon, J. M. Chapman, C. L. Crow, 
P. W. Fattig, W. L. Floyd, Joseph R. Fulk, W. B. Hathaway, 
W. B. Jones, Miss Frances Kittrell, B. B. Lane, T. T. Lindsey, 
Miss Katherine McCormick, J. L. McGhee, Miss Laura Mc- 
Kenzie, Miss Isabel Mays, Thomas S. Staples, Eugene Swope, 
Wm. Tyler, F. S. Wetzel. 

GENERAL STATEMENT 

The University Summer School was provided for by the 
"Summer School Act" passed by the Legislature of 1913. 

The entire equipment of the University is at the service of 
the faculty and students. Ample provision is made for in- 
tellectual recreation and physical exercise. The Peabody Lit- 
erary Society meets weekly; lectures or concerts are given 
frequently ; the gymnasium, swimming-pool, baseball grounds, 
and tennis courts are at the disposition of the students and an 
instructor is at hand to direct athletic activities. 

Regulations. — To fulfill its highest mission the Summer 
School should not be utilized merely for the purpose of "cram- 
ming" for examinations. It is therefore hoped that all teach- 
ers will recognize the wisdom of the Summer School Board in 
establishing the following regulations: 

1. No teacher shall be allowed to take more than twenty hours per 
week of purely academic subjects. 

2. No teacher shall take less than five hours per week of professional 
work. 

3. The maximum number of hours per week, including professional,, 
vocational, and academic subjects, shall, in no case, exceed twenty-seven. 
Two laboratory hours shall count as one hour of academic work. 



UNIVERSITY SUMMER SCHOOL 159 

Credit for Work. — Attention is directed to the following 
sections of the "Summer School Act" : 

CREDIT TOWARDS NORMAL SCHOOL AND COLLEGE DEGREES 

Sec. 5. — "All work conducted at the said Summer Schools shall be of 
such character as to entitle the students doing the same to collegiate, 
normal, or professional credit therefor, and may be applied towards 
making a degree." 

In order to carry out the spirit of this provision, the Uni- 
versity allows, under restrictions, a maximum of four and a 
half credit hours for work done at any one session of the Sum- 
mer School and recognizes attendance at three sessions as 
satisfying the residence requirements for securing a Normal 
School Certificate or a degree from the Teachers College. By 
combining credits gained at the Summer School with those 
gained in the Correspondence School, it is possible for a teacher 
to secure a certificate or a degree without losing a prohibitive 
amount of time from his work. Certificates and degrees se- 
cured in this way are awarded, when so desired, on the last 
day of a session of the Summer School. 

Sec. 6. "All teachers attending any of the Summer Schools herein 
created and whose work entitles them to credit therefor, upon making 
proof of the same to the State Superintendent of Public Instruction, are 
hereby entitled to one year's extension on any Florida teacher's certificate 
they may hold and which has not fully expired, and such certificate 
may be extended one year for each succeeding session attended by the 
said teacher." 

Certificates of credit making proof of the work done will 
be granted by the State Superintendent only to those teachers 
who attend the full term and whose work is satisfactory. 

Expenses. — There is no charge for tuition. Board and 
lodging (including lights) will be offered at $5.00 per week, 
or $35.00 for the entire session of eight weeks, payable in 
either case in advance. Those occupying dormitory rooms 
must, however, furnish their own pillows, bed linen, and 
towels. 

COURSES OF STUDY 

Inasmuch as the courses given during the session of 1918 
were fully described in the Summer School Bulletin of that 
year and were, furthermore, for the most part very similar 
in character to the corresponding ones of the Teachers College 
and Normal School and inasmuch as a detailed program for the 
session of 1919 will, as soon as it is ready, be published sep- 



160 UNIVERSITY OF FLORIDA 

arately, it is thought unnecessary here to make more than mere 
mention of them. 

The subjects taught fell into the following groups : 

Group I. — Subjects required for County Certificates: Ag- 
riculture, Algebra, Arithmetic, Civil Government, English 
Composition, English Grammar, Hygiene, Orthography, Peda- 
gogy, Physical Geography, Political Geography, Reading, 
United States and Florida History. 

Group II. — Subjects required for State Certificates: Bot- 
any, English Literature, General History, Geometry, Latin 
(Beginner's, Caesar, Virgil, Prose Composition), Physics, 
Psychology, Rhetoric, Trigonometry, Zoology. 

The textbooks used w^ere those prescribed by the State. The 
methods employed and the ground covered were as far as pos- 
sible the same as those in the Normal School, from which upon 
successful completion of any course the student was entitled 
to credit towards a diploma. 

Group III. — Subjects leading to special State Certificates 
or to a college degree: Agriculture, Business, Child Study, 
Drawing, Economics, Education, English, German, History, 
Horticulture, Hygiene, Latin, Manual Training, Mathematics 
(Advanced Algebra, Plane Analytical Geometry, Trigonom- 
etry, Pedagogy of Mathematics), Penmanship, Philosophy, 
Primary Methods, Psychology, South American Affairs, So- 
ciology, Spanish, Zoology. 

Owing to the greater number of hours per week and the 
greater intensity of effort than is usual during the regular 
college year more ground was covered than is ordinarily done 
in the same time. 

Group IV. — Subjects of general interest not included under 
Group III : Bird-study, Expression and Public Speaking, Gym- 
nastics, Music, Plays and Games, Story Telling, Swimming. 

For further information or for reservations of rooms in 
the dormitories, address Dean H. W. Cox, University of 
Florida, Gainesville, Fla. 



REGISTER 161 



REGISTER 



DEGREES AND HONORS 
1917-1918 



DEGREES IN COURSE 

Master of Arts 
Hathaway, William Byron, A.B. (Rollins College) ....Gainesville, Fla. 

Master of Science 
Maloney, Clarence B., B.S. (Michigan Agr. Col.) Kalamazoo, Mich. 

Bachelor of Arts 

Bailey, George Raney Monticello, Fla. 

Hitchcock, Kenneth Clark GlencOe, Fla. 

Ogilvie, Claude St. Clair Gainesville, Fla. 

Stein, Samuel Tampa, Fla. 

Bachelor of Laws 

Benz, John Samuel, A.B. (Indiana) Lebanon, Ind. 

Beville, Ulmont U Ft. Myers, Fla. 

Brown, Marcus Frederick, A.B Lawtey, Fla. 

Carter, Dickson Pensacola, Fla. 

Gibbons, Melville Gunby, B.S. (Spring Hill Col., Ala.) Tampa, Fla. 

Green, Alfred Anderson Ocala, Fla. 

Hall, Elwood Overton Quincy, Fla. 

Harrell, Jonas Henry Quincy, Fla. 

McElya, Norris, A.B Gasparilla, Fla. 

Mahon, William Lacy Jacksonville, Fla. 

Moore, Walter Tayloi, Jr Tallahassee, Fla. 

Rouse, Detor Vernon Dover, Fla. 

Walker, George Edwin Bartow, Fla. 

Wilson, Erasmus Kirven St. Augustine, Fla. 

Bachelor of Science 
Jernigan, William Persons Glen St. Mary, Fla. 

Bachelor of Science in Agriculture 

Edwards, Francis Rees Jacksonville, Fla. 

Hayman, William Paul Punta Gorda, Fla. 

Manecke, Otto Brooklyn, N. Y . 

Merrin, Frank Garner Plant City, Fla. 

Musser, Albert Myers Gainesville, Fla. 

Stone, William Ernest Winter Park, Fla. 

Bachelor of Science in Education 
Wilkinson, Samuel Aaron Burr. Gainesville, Fla. 

Bachelor of Science in Electrical EngineeHng 

WyckofF, John Stothoff, Jr Citra, Fla. J 

11 



162 UNIVERSITY OF FLORIDA 

CERTIFICATES 

Two-Year Course in Agriculture 
Stears, Joseph Merle Lake Worth, Fla. 

One-Year Course in Agriculture 
Wittenstein, Solomon Orlando, Fla. 

PHI KAPPA PHI 

1919 

Hodges, L. M - Agriculture 

Palmer, T. M -• Arts and Sciences 

Smith, C. F., Jr Arts and Sciences 

Whitfield, J. N Engineering 

Whitner, B. F., Jr Agriculture 

MEDALS AND PRIZES 

Declaimer's Medal L. L. O'Berry 

•Junior Oratorical Medal 

♦Senior Oratorical Medal 

Barrett Company Prize L. M. Hodges 

American Law Book Company Prize W. T. Moore, Jr. 

Bancroft- Whitney Company Prize D. A. Dye 

Callaghan and Company Prize J. S. Benz 

Farr Loving Cup John Marshall 

Debating Society 

♦All possible contestants absent on Government service. 



REGISTER 163 

ROLL OF STUDENTS 

1918-1919 

The abbreviations used are : A. & S., College of Arts and Sciences ; Adv. S. A. T. C, 
Advanced Student Army Training Corps (20 years of age or older) ; Ag., College of 
Agriculture ; Ag. 2-Yr., Two-Year Course in Agriculture ; Eng., College of Engineering ; 
Fed. Voc, Federal Vocation ; Grad., Graduate Student ; Grad. Ed., Graduate Student in 
Education ; L., College of Law ; Nor., Normal School ; P. H. S., Practice High School ; 
Pre-Med., Pre-Medical Course ; R., Reserves ; Sp., Special Student ; T., Teachers College. 

The numerals indicate the class (1, Freshman; 2, Sophomore; 3, Junior; 4, Senior) 
except after L., where it denotes the number of years the student has been enrolled in the 
College of Law. 

Name Clasification Postoffice County or State 

Adams, A. L „ „ L. 1 DeFuniak Springs Walton 

Adams. C. R _ Naval R Jacksonville Duval 

Adams, P. G Adv. S. A. T. C Westville Holmes 

Airth, W. S .A. & S. 1 Live Oak _ Suwannee 

Albright, G. W „ Ag. 2-Yr Clarksburg _...West Virginia 

Alderman, J. M L. 1 Bradentown Manatee 

Alexander, J. B Naval R Hampton Bradford 

Alger, Francis Eng. 1 Eustis Lake 

Alman, W. E Eng. 1 Tampa Hilkboro 

Almond, J. D - Eng, 2 Ft. Pierce St. Lucie 

Anderson, C. P Ag. 2 Ben Avon _ _ Pennsylvania 

Anderson, D. W A. & S. 1 Tampa Hillsboro 

Anderson, E. O Eng. 1 Pensacola _ Escambia 

Anderson, R. B _ Ag. 2-Yr Greenwood „ Jackson 

Anderson, W. B Ag. 2 Greenwood Jackson 

Andrews, P. R Ag. Sp „Sanford Seminole 

Archer, B. E A. ft S. 2, L. 1 Key West Monroe 

Archer, E. B _ „ Eng. 1 Key West „ Monroe 

Arnold, W. H Eng. 1 Kissimmee Osceola 

Ash, W. F Ag. Sp Vero St. Lucie 

Auld, J. E Eng. 1, Ag. 1 Buena Vista Dade 

Avrach, J. A Pre-Med. 2 Brooklyn New York 

Bache, H. F A. & S. 3 Chattahoochee Gadsden 

Bailey, E. W., Jr Nor Fernandina „ Nassau 

Bailey. H. S L. 2 Lynn Haven Polk 

Baker, D. L Eng. Sp ..Wildwood Sumter 

Baker, M. A _Ag. 2-Yr O'Brien „ Suwannee 

Ball, L. H A. & S. 1 Tampa Hillsboro 

Barco, C. J Eng. 1 Gainesville Alachua 

Barker, S. E „ A. & S. 1 Plant City _ JHillsboro 

Barns, P. D L, 2 Plant City _ „ „.HillBboro 

Bartlett, C. W., Jr Pre-Med. 2 Tampa _ Hillsboro 

Bartlett, N. B Nor St. Cloud „ Osceola 

Barwick, L. H Eng. 1 Delray Palm Beach 

Batchclor, R. M _ Eng. 1 Winter Park . Orange 

Battle, G. C, Jr. Eng. 1 Sorrento _ Lake 

Baxley, J. C .Eng. 1 Inverness _ Citrus 

Beach, Hubert „ Nor Groveland „ Lake 

Beasley, E. L .Eng. Sp Jacksonville _ Duval 

Beggs, E. D L. 2 Pavo Georgia 

Bennett, W. L A. & Sb 2 Jacksonville _ Duval 

Beovich, F. D Eng. 1 Pensacola Escambia 

Binford, R. C _ A, & S. 1 Tampa Hillsboro 

Binnicker, C. M „ L. 1 Fernandina _ Nassau 

Bishop, A. K _ Ag. 8 Eustis _ Lake 

Bivens, W. J _ L. 1 .Tampa Jiillsboro 

Blaekwell, P. K _ „.^..JiTig. 2 J^isBimmee .. Oeceola 



164 UNIVERSITY OF FLORIDA 

Name Clasification Postoffice County or State 

BHtch, L ™ _ Naval R Ocala Marion 

Blount. W. E As. 1 Ft. Myers Le« 

Blume, .J. V _ Ag. 1 Live Oak _ „ Suwannee 

Booth, J. B., Jr....„ „ A. & S. 3 Tavares „ Lake 

Boring, R. M Naval R, Pre-Med. 1 Gainesville Alachua 

Bostick W. A _ Pre-Med. 2 Camilla „ Georgia 

Boswell, E. R Eng. 1 Inverness „ Citrus 

Bowen, E. C A. & S. 1 JTacksonville „ Duval 

Braddock, R „ _ P. H. S Miami _ „ Dade 

Bradley, R Ag. 1 Tallahassee „ Leon 

Brantley, C. W Nor Jacksonville Duval 

Brewer, E. D A. & S. 1 Aberdeen _ South Dakota 

Brewton, J. E „ A. & S. 1 Andalusia „ Alabama 

Bridges, R. L _ —L. 1 Ocala Marion 

Briggs, C. M _ P. H. S Arcadia DeSoto 

Britton. F. W _ L. 1 Detroit „ Michigan 

Brooks, J. O _ Eng. 1 Jacksonville Duval 

Bryce, J. W - Eng. 2 Jacksonville _ Duval 

Burden, R. M Pre-Med. 1 Miami „ _ Dade 

Burgess. T. S., _ Eng. 1 Bartow _ Polk 

Burke, H. G._ ~ -Adv. S. A. T. C Tampa ^....Hillsboro 

Burleson, E. B P. H. S Citra .T. Marion 

Burr, C. D A. & S. 1 Tallahassee „ „ Leon 

Bushnell, H. H _ ~ Eng. 3 Pensacola _.Escambia 

Calkins, F. S Eng. 2 Kissimmee _ _ Osceola 

Camargo, F. C -Ag. Sp Piracibo _ Brazil 

Camp, P. D - Ag. 4 White Springs „ Hamilton 

Campbell, J. F _ — Eng. 1 Sutherland ~ Pinellas 

Campbell, R. S Eng. 1 Sutherland Pinellas 

Canova, F. A -. ~-Ag. 1 Starke Bradford 

Canova, W. F - J^aval R Lake City Columbia 

Caro, Forsyth _ A. & S. 1 Pensacola „ _ Escambia 

Carpenter, A. E A. & S. 3 Orlando Orange 

Caruso, J. J - L. 2 Wilmington Delaware 

Caruthers, L. R A. & S. 2 Webster _ _ Sumter 

Carvalho, R. S Ag. Sp Rio Brazil 

easier, E. B J^aval R., Eng. 2 Jacksonville _ Duval 

Caswell, W. D _ A. & S. 1 -St. Petersburg Pinellas 

Catlow. W. R., Jr „ Eng. 2 Miami „ Dade 

Chatham, R. F - - Ag. 3 Arcadia ...._ _ DeSoto 

Childs, C. A » A. & S. 1 St. Petersburg Pinellas 

Christiance, D. L Ag. 2 Cocoanut Grove Dade 

Clark, W. H _....Ag. 2 Wall Springs _ ~ Pinellas 

demons, J. G Ag. 2 Plant City Hillsboro 

Clutz, C. A - A. & S. 2 Ft. Myers _ ~ Lee 

Cochran, J. B A. & S. 1 Perry Taylor 

Coleman, R. V - — Nor Plant City Hillsboro 

Collins, M. C Adv. S. A. T. C -Titusville Brevard 

Combs, W. H - A. & S. 1 -Miami _ - Dade 

Connell, H. R...._ _ - - Eng. 1 Orlando Orange 

Connell, R. E _ _ Eng. 1 Inverness Citrus 

Cooper, F. P Eng. 2 Tampa _ Hillsboro 

Cooper, R. F Ag. 1 Mars Hill North Carolina 

Cox, R. A -A. & S. 1 Gainesville . — _ - Alachua 

Cox, W. T - Eng. 1 Miami ~ - - Dade 

Coxe, C. C A. & S. 2 St. Augustine _ St. Johns 

Cranford, J. A., Jr _ A. & S. 1 Jacksonville - _ Duval 

Crews, S. L Ag- Fed. Voc Lake Butler Bradford 

Crosby, A. B JEng. 4 San Mateo - - Putnam 

Crosby, Ralph - — Ag. 4 San Mateo _ _ „..Putnam^ 



REGISTER 165 

Name Clasification Postoffice County or State 

Curtis, Gilbert ....Eng. 1 Tampa Hillsboro 

Dalton, J. W _ A. & S. Sp Tampa Hillsboro 

Daniell, W. E A. & S. 3, L. I Pensacola Escambia 

Davis, N. B _ A. & S. 3 Palatka Putnam 

Davis, R. F Eng. 1 Gainesville ...Alachua 

Dean, J. M.„ A. & S. 1 Miami „ Dade 

DeFlorin, W. V._ Eng. 3 Jacksonville Duval 

DelgaHo, U. J A. & S. 1 Key West _ Monroe 

Demeritl, F. R _ _ Pre-Med. 2 Key West Monroe 

DeSilvii, H. R T. 3 Pensacola Escambia 

DeVane, C. L „ Ag. 2 Plant City Hillsboro 

De"Vane, F. M _ L. 2 Plant City Hillsboro 

DeWoIf, A. B Eng. 1 Crescent City Putnam 

Diamoi'd, E. G T. 4 JTay Santa Rosa 

Dickie, G. H A. & S. 3 Palmetto Manatee 

DiCorte, R. V „Pre-Med. 1 Tampa Hillsboro 

Dodd, F. T. Eng. 1 Tallahassee Leon 

Dodd, G. A _ A. & S. 1 Apalachicola Franklin 

Donaldson, J. T A. & S. 1 Pittsburg Pennsylvania 

Dorman. J. A _ „ Eng. 2 Gainesville Alachua 

Douglas, G. R Eng. 1 Dunedin Pinellas 

Douglas, Z. H _ L. 1 Gainesville Alachua 

Driggers, L. H Adv. S. A. T. C Ft. Green DeSoto 

Driggers, R. L Ag. 1 Ft. Green DeSoto 

Driver. J. P A. & S. 3 Citra Marion 

Duckvyorth, R. E „ Eng. 1 Orlando Orange 

Duncan, C. E A. & S. 2 Tavares Lake 

Duncan, K. G _ A. & S. 1 Lake Butler _ Bradford 

Dunk, T R _ A. & S. Sp Jacksonville Duval 

Dye, D. A L. 2 Bradentown _ Manatee 

Dyer, W. J — _ Ag. 1 West Palm Beach Palm Beach 

Ebinger, R. J „ Nor Tampa Hillsboro 

Edenfield, L. E P. H. S Grand Ridge Jackson 

Edgren, F. S „ Eng. 1 Pensacola Escambia 

Edrehi, J. M L. 1 Gainesville Alachua 

Elarbee, J. H _ A. & S. 1 Tampa _ Hillsboro 

Ellsworth, L. H _ Ag. 1 Dade City Pasco 

Evans, C. C „ A. & S. 1 Tampa Hillsboro 

Evans, L. B _ A. & S. 1 Tallahassee Leon 

Fain, H. H „ A. & S. 1 Tallahassee Leon 

Farley, W. B.. Jr Eng. 1 Marianna Jackson 

Faulkner, W Ag. Sp Lake Wales Polk 

Feaster, B. L Eng. 2 Micanopy Alachua 

Feltham, Geo Eng. 1 St. Petersburg Pinellas 

Ferguson, T. S A. & S. 1 White Springs Hamilton 

Ferlita, S. A „ Pre-Med. 1 Tampa Hillsboro 

Fielding, W. S L. 1 Belleview Marion 

Flansburg, W. C Eng. 1 Fniitland Park Lake 

Fleming, E. E L. 1 Milton Santa Rosa 

Ford, W. H L. 1 Cleveland Ohio 

Fowler, A. P L. Sp Gainesville Alachua 

Franklin, J. A _ L. 1 Jacksonville Duval 

Franklin, P. G Eng. 2 Ft. Myers Lee 

Fredrickson, C P. H. S Jensen St. Lucie 

Friedlander, H. M Pre-Med. 1 Indian Rocks Pinellas 

Fry, O. P Nor St. Petersburg Pinellas 

Fryar, J. S Ag. 2-Yr Hawthorn Alachua 

Frye, T. C Grad. Ed Gainesville Alachua 

Fuller, W. S A. & S. Sp Nichols Polk 

Fuquay, O. T „ _.. Adv. S. A. T. C Miami Dade 



166 UNIVERSITY OF FLORIDA 

Name Clasification Postoffice County or State 

Futch, D. J Kng. 1 Lake City Columbia 

Futch, M. D Ag. 2 Lake City „ Columbia 

Gait, R. H _ Ag. 2 Winter Park Orange 

Garner, H. C Adv. S. A. T. C Lansing „ DeSoto 

Garnett, I. B Eng. 1 Hypoluxo Palm Beach 

Gentile, G. J Adv. S. A. T. C Cincinnati Ohio 

Getzen, S. W L. 2 Webster Sumter 

Gill, B. D Eng. 1 Jacksonville Duval 

Gillen, P. H A. & S. 1 Ocala Marion 

Glass, W. H Pre-Med. 2 Gainesville .♦. Alachua 

Gleason, C. I P. H. S St. Augustine St. Johns 

Gleason, W. L A. & S. Sp., L. 1 Eau Gallie Brevard 

Good, J. M Nor Williston Levy 

Goodwin, E. C _ A. & S. 1 Webster Sumter 

Gordon, Harry Eng. 1 Tampa Hillsboro 

Gordon, H. C, Jr A. & S. 4, L. 2 Tampa Hillsboro 

Gordon, R. H „ A. & S. 1 Tampa Hillsboro 

Graham, P. H Nor Piedmont West Virginia 

Graham, P. S Eng. 1 Jasper Hamilton 

Cranberry, E. P A. & S. 4 Jacksonville Duval 

Gregory, B. G Ag. 2-Yr Lansing Michigan 

Gregory, E. A Eng. 1 Winter Garden .Orange 

Griner, R. M Naval R Nashville ..._ Georgia 

Gunn, W. W Eng. 3 Marianna Jackson 

Hackney, C. J Naval R Lake City Columbia 

Haimovitz, F. S Eng. 1 „Tampa Hillsboro 

Halt, K. B A. & S. 1 Lynn Haven Bay 

Hall, C. S., Jr Eng. 1 Miami Dade 

Hall, H. T., Jr Adv. S. A. T. C Lowell Marion 

Hall, R. L Nor Citra Marion 

Hall, R. S., Jr .Nor Ocala „ Marion 

Hamilton, G. C T. 2 Pace „ Santa Rosa 

Hampton, E. B A. & S. 4, L. 2 Gainesville „ Alachua 

Hand, L. C A. & S. Sp Delray „ Palm Beach 

Hansen, S. C Ag. 8 Charleston South Carolina 

Hardee, C. J L. 1 Madison _ Madison 

Hargrave, R. T Eng. 4 St. Petersburg Pinellas 

Harris, H. L Eng. 1 Jacksonville Duval 

Harrison, W. M .Eng. 2 Miami Dade 

Hartms n, G. W Eng. 2 Pensacola Escambia 

Hartt, W. D A. & S. 2 Tallahassee Leon 

Haymans, L A. & S. 1 Gainesville Alachua 

Hearn, J. M ™ Ag. 1 Homestead Dade 

Heller, Morris JEng. 4 Havana Cuba 

Henderson, G. L A. & S. 1 Tallahassee Leon 

Hendry, W. T L. 1 Ft. Myers Lee 

Henley, T. D A. & S. 1 Inverness CitruB 

Herrington, G. L Grad Gainesville _ Alachua 

Herzberg, Harold Eng. 1 Kissimmee Osceola 

Hettesheimer, C. A Adv. S. A. T. C _Brooklyn New York 

Hiatt, C. R „ Ag. 2-Yr. Gainesville Alachua 

Hill, J. H A. & S. 4 Maitland Orange 

Hill, S. B.. Jr L. 1 Maitland Orange 

Hilliard, C. B _ Eng. 1 West Palm Beach Palm Beach 

Hinton A. K „ Adv. S. A. T. C Avon Park DeSoto 

Hirschberg, M. R Adv. S. A. T. C Jacksonville Duval 

Hodges, L. M „ Ag. 4 Greenwood . J'aaksoa 

Hogarth, L. A Eng. 1 Stuart Palm Beach 

Holden, Geo Eng. 1 So. Jacksonville Duval 

Holley, F. N., Jr A. & S. 1 J^palachicola Franklin 



REGISTER 167 

Name Clasification Postoffice County or State 

Hollinrake, S. W A. & S. 8 Ocala „ _ Mario« 

Holloway, L. C. — Pre-Med. 1 .Tallahassee , .Leon 

Holton. L. P — Ag. 1 Jacksonville J>aval 

Holtzendorflf, R. L P. H. S „Arcadia „ „DeSoto 

Houghtaling, T. D _Agr. 1 Miami „ „ _ Dade 

Householder, L. D Grad. Ed Gainesville Alachua 

Howard, F. J Pre-Med. 1 Ft. Lauderdale Broward 

Howard, R. M Ag. 1 .Tallahassee Leon 

Hubbard, McCoy Eng. 2 Terra Ceia _ _ Manatee 

Huber, G. B „ _ Ag. 1 Webster „ „ Sumter 

Huflf, V. E — „.Eng. Sp Miami ...„ „ JDade 

Hughes, R. H „ A. & S. 1 Ponce de Leon _ -.Holmes 

Hume, E. R _ A. & S. 1 St. Petersburg „ Pinellas 

Hunter, F. R _ A. & S. 1 Ft. Myers _ Lee 

Hunter, R. B _ „ Eng. 1 Tampa _ Hillsboro 

HurlebRUs, E. H Ag. 3 Harrisburg -.Pennsylvania 

Hurst, J. B A. & S. 1 Miami ._ _ Dade 

Icenhour, J. E _ Eng. 1 Jacksonville Dtival 

Ingram, F. P _ _ L. 2 Tampa _ Hillsboro 

Ingram, W. M A. & S. 2 Winter Park Orange 

Inman, J. C, Jr „ A. & S. 1 Greensboro Gadsden 

Ito, R A. & S. Sp Miyagi J^apan 

Jackson, J. H Ag. 1 Largo ..._ Pinellas 

Jarrell, A. B „ Ag. 2 Williston „ Levy 

Jeacle, Wm _ A. & S. 1 Mandarin Duval 

Jeremiassen, H. K Eng. 1 Miami Dade 

Johnson, C. D „ A. & S. 2 Clearwater _ Pinellas 

Johnson, C. M _ Ag. 4 Jacksonville „ Duval 

Johnson, H. A „ JJaval R., Eng. 1 Delray „ Palm Beach 

Johnson, H. C „ .T. 1 Holt _ Okaloosa 

Johnson, R. G.. Jr _ Nor -Tallahassee „ „ Leon 

Jones, L. B., Jr _ _A. & S. 1 Jacksonville Duval 

Kao, Ying „ _ Ag. 2 Foochow _ „ _ China 

Keen, A. A „ „Adv. S. A. T. C Ft. Meade „ Polk 

Keen, D. W _ Eng. 1 Jacksonville DuvaJ 

Keen, L. M _A.dv. S. A. T. C Bradley Junction Polk 

Keen, S. W _ _ Eng. 1 Ft. Meade Polk 

Keller, F. M _ _ Eng. 1 Ft. Meade „ Polk 

Kent, S. G „ Eng. 3 Cocoanut Grove „ Dade 

Kercheval, C. W _ Ag. 3 Elkton „ St. Johns 

Kercheval, J. H Eng. l.„ Elkton St. Johns 

Kerlin, E. L „ _Eng. 1 -Minneola Lake 

Klock, J. H „ A. & S. 1 -Ocala „ Marion 

Knarr, H. M _ „ A. & S. 1 St. Petersburg _ Pinellas 

Knight, D. B _ Eng. 2 Dupont „ St. Johns 

Knight, E. K „ L. 2 Bradentown Manatee 

Knight, R. E A. & S. 1 Tampa Hillsboro 

Knight, R. W P. H. S Quitman „ Georgia 

Knott, J. C P. H. S Philadelphia Pennsylvania 

Knowlos, F. L Eng. Sp Key West Monroe 

Krakeur, R. W JJaval R., L. 1 New York „ New York 

Kromer, H. A....„ Eng. Fed. Voc Sulphur Springs Hillsboro 

Lauphit, Tse Grad Gainesville Alachua 

Law, T. W — A.. & S. 1 .Brooksville _ _ .Hernando 

Leahy, E. L Eng, 1 Jacksonville ....„ „ Duval 

Leeks, F. H Naval R., Eng. 2 Palatka Putnam 

L'Engle, J. B __L. 1 Jacksonville Duval 

Lesley. J. L L. 1 Tampa „ Hillsboro 

Liddon, J. W L. 1 Marianna Jackson 

Lindgren, C. J A. & S. 1 Homestead „J)ade 



168 UNIVERSITY OF FLORIDA 

Name Clasification Postoffice County or State 

Link, C. T Ag. 1 Orlando Orange 

Linton, G. T A. & S. 1 Monticello Jefferson 

Logie, M. B P. H. S Tampa Hillsboro 

Lowe, W. J Ag. 1-Yr. Bedford Indiana 

Lowry, W. A Ag. 1 Plant City Hillsboro 

Lyman, C. D Eng. Sp West Palm Beach Palm Beach 

Lyman, R. T A. & S. 1 West Palm Beach Palm Beach 

McAlexander, W. L Eng. 1 Sanford Seminole 

McCallum, H. H Eng. 4 Jacksonville Duval 

McCullers, A. C -Ag. 1 Live Oak Suwannee 

McCulley, C. A Eng. 1 Ocala _ Marion 

McDonald, J. H ^ng. 1 Stuart Palm Beach 

McGriff, G. O P. H. S West Palm Beach Palm Beach 

McKean, E. S A. & S. 1 Delray Palm Beach 

McKey, W. A Eng. 2 Plant City Hillsboro 

McKisson, E. L Eng. 1 Jacksonville _ Duval 

McLeod, E. M _Adv. S. A. T. C Tampa Hillsboro 

McLeod, J. R „ A. & S. 1 Tampa Hillsboro 

McMullen, D. N _ A. & S. 1 Largo Pinellas 

McRainey, G. H A. & S. 1 Gainesville Alachua 

Madison, W. M _ L. 1 Jacksonville Duval 

Mahoney, W. H Ag. 2 Leesburg Lake 

Maines, J. E Pre-Med. 1 Lake Butler Bradford 

Markwood, F. E A. & S. 1 Oakland Orange 

Marshall, S. A A. & S. Sp Jacksonville Duval 

Martin, T. Z Naval R Madison Madison 

Massaro, A. F _ Pre-Med. 2._ Tampa Hillsboro 

Massey, H. S A. & S. 1 Dade City Pasco 

Masters, R. M A. & S. 3 Bonifay Holmes 

Mayes, H. L P. H. S., Ag. Sp Pensacola Escambia 

Meffert, R. H „ Ag. 2-Yr Ocala Marion 

Meighen, D. G Pre-Med. 2 Tampa Hillsboro 

Mellor, F. H „ L. 1 Pensacola Escambia 

Melton, G P. H. S Citra _....Marion 

Merchant, H. M Pre-Med. 2 Gainesville „ Alachua 

Merck, C. T P. H. S Eustis Lake 

Merritt, Ray „ Ag. 1 Argyle Walton 

Middleton, E. L Pre-Med. 1_ Hamilton Bradford 

Miles, F. D T. 4 Darlington Walton 

Miller, G. H A. & S. 1 Dukes Bradford 

Miller, J. C Nor Haines City Polk 

Miller, P. A P. H. S Leesburg Lake 

Miller, R. N _ Naval R., L. 1 Lake City Columbia 

Miller, R. T. Nor Lake City „ Columbia 

Miller, W. C Eng. 1 Crystal River Citrus 

Millican, E. W., Jr Ag. 1 Waldo Alachua 

Mitchell, J. N. A Eng. 1 St. Petersburg _ Pinellas 

Morgan, F. C Eng. 1 Arcadia DeSoto 

Morgan, L. Z L. 2 Jacksonville Duval 

Morrow, J. M Naval R Madison Madison 

Moseley, A. I Eng. Sp Gainesville Alachua 

Moser, I. E Pre-Med. 1 Homestead Dade 

Moses, R. L A. & S. 1 St. Petersburg Pinellas 

Moyer, M. H T. 2 Ft. White Columbia 

Mularkey, D. P., Jr P. H. S Fernandina „ Nassau 

Murray, F. W A. & S. 1 Hawks Park ....„ Volusia 

Nash, C. T _ A. & S. 1 Palmetto „ „ Manatee 

Nash, L. D A. & S. 1 Tampa _ Jlillsboro 

Neet, H. M _....A. & S. l.„ St. Petersburg Pinellas 

Neet, W. C A. & S. 1 St. Petersburg -.Pinellas 



REGISTER 169 

Name Clasification Postoffice County or State 

Nelson, C. W Adv. S. A. T. C Wilson Brevard 

Nessmith. J. E Naval R Alapaha Georgia 

Nichols, C. H Ag. 1 Pinellas Park Pinellas 

Nolen, R. E Ag. 3 Chicago Illinois 

Northrup, R. T Adv. S. A. T. C St. Petersburg Pinellas 

Norton, O. H L. 1 Tampa Hillsboro 

O'Berry, L. L A. & S. 1 Tampa Hillsboro 

O'Bryant, Horace T. 1 Oxford Sumter 

Ogilvie, W. R A. & S. 1 Gainesville Alachua 

O'Neal, M. F A. & S. 1 Dade City Pasco 

O'Neill, H. A Eng. 1 Gainesville Alachua 

O'ReiUey, G. J L. 1 Miami Dade 

Palmer, T. M A. & S. 4 Tallahassee Leon 

Parrish, S. V P. H. S Parrish Manatee 

Parrott, J. R Naval R Darlington South Carolina 

Patterson, V. P Pre-Med. 1 Ft. Meade Polk 

Patton, W. Y L. Sp Gainesville Alachua 

Paxton, E. B Eng. 3 Sanford Seminole 

Pearson, M. L P. H. S St. Petersburg Pinellas 

Pemberton, H. O Eng. 1 Tampa Hillsboro 

Pender, L. S Adv. S. A. T. C Greenwood Jackson 

Pender, M. S Pre-Med. 1 Sneads Jackson 

Percival, L. B Eng. 3 Dade City Pasco 

Perry, T. A A. & S. 1 Miami Dade 

Perry, W. F L. 3 Fruitland Park Lake 

Perryman, E. K L. 2 Starke Bradford 

Pierce, J. L Pre-Med. 1 Marianna Jackson 

Pinto, D. O Eng. 4 S. Paulo Brazil 

Pitts, C. A Pre-Med. 1 Tampa Hillsboro 

Pitts, T. R Eng. 2 Key West Monroe 

Pope, L. A „ Naval R Hapeville Georgia 

Powell, J. M A. & S. 2, L. 1 Gainesville Alachua 

Pratt, A. B _ JVg. 2-Yr Ortega Duval 

Pratt, L. B Eng. 3 Ortega Duval 

Quigley, E. E „ Eng. 1 Pensacola Escambia 

Quinan, E. B L. 1 Key West _ Monroe 

Raa, B. N A. & S. 3 Tallahassee Leon 

Rachelson, D Pre-Med. 1 Tampa Hillsboro 

Ramsey, J. P Ag. 1 Micanopy Alachua 

Redman, R. P Eng. 1 Ft. Lauderdale Broward 

Reed, C. E „ Adv. S. A. T. C Indianola Brevard 

Register, F. B _ Naval R Jasper Hamilton 

Register, L. B Pre-Med. 1 Jasper _ Hamilton 

Renfroe, H. A., Jr Adv. S. A. T. C Jacksonville _ Duval 

Rhea, I. J Eng. Sp Ft. Pierce St. Lucie 

Ribeiro, M. G Eng. 4 Alagoas Maceio Brazil 

Richbourg, L. C Ag. 1 Crestview Okaloosa 

Rider, A. L _ T. 4 Tallahassee . Leon 

Ringel, P. S „ Naval R., L. 1 Georgetown South Carolina 

Rivers, L. B „ -A. & S. 1 Gainesville Alachua 

Rivers, W. C _ „ Eng. 1 Lake Butler Bradford 

Roberts, C. S A. & S. 2 Key West „ Monroe 

Roberts, E. A _ L. 1 Key West Monroe 

Roberts, S. D „ P. H. S Trenton _ Alachua 

Robertson, C. A „ Grad Tallahassee „ Leon 

Rogero, C. J „ A. & S. 1 Kissimmee „ _ Osceola 

Rogers, C, P Adv. S. A. T. C Arcadia „....DeSoto 

Rogers, M. S Eng. 1 Jacksonville „ J)uval 

Rosborough, A. B A. & S. 1 Jacksonville Duval 

Ro8B, E. A „ Adv. S. A. T. C Carberry _ Canada 



170 UNIVERSITY OF FLORIDA 

Name Clasification Postoffice County or State 

Rungp, W. F _ ^ng. 1 Sanford Seminole 

Sale, D. B „Pre-Med. 1 Southport _ Bay 

Sale, T. D A. & S. 1 Southport ...„ Bay 

Sampaio, Jose de._ Eng. Sp S. Paulo „ Brazil 

Savage, C A _ _ „ L. 1 Ocala „.Mariom 

Schabinger, E. M „ Nor _Delray _ Palm Beaah 

Schneider, A. E Ag. 2-Yr De Leon Springs _ Volusia 

Schwartz, E. W „Ag. 1 Jliami _ Dade 

Scofield, J. W Ag. 2 Inverness _ Citrus 

Scott, I. W Eng. 1„ Dunkirk New York 

Scott, W. A JJnsr. 1, A. & S. 1 Starke . — Bradford 

Scruggs, S. L L. 1 Aucilla — Jefferson 

Sealey, E. R „_L. 1 Bowling Green DeSoto 

Seckinger, L. H P. H. S Martel — _ „ Marion 

Sensebaugh, R. L. Ag. 8 Winter Haren _ Polk 

Sessions, G. B _ Ag. 1 Tampa -....Hillsboro 

Sewell, J. J..„ L. 1 Miami Dade 

Sheen, W. F P. H. S West Palm Beach Palm Beach 

Sherman, J. S Ag. 1 Miami Dade 

Shippey, E. F Nor Wewahitchka Calhoun 

Simmons, A. C _ Eng. 1 Jacksonville Duval 

Sistrunk, C, G _ Naval R., Pre-Med. 1 Live Oak Suwannee 

Skene, Lyle „ Jl. & S. 1 Tampa ...- _ Hillsboro 

Skinner, L. H -A. & S. 4 Alachua - Alachua 

Slappey, U. P.._ _....Adv. S. A. T. C Quincy Gadsden 

Sloan, T. T _ Eng. 1 Monticello ...„ _ Jefferson 

Smart. A. A...._ „ Eng. 1 Arcadia DeSoto 

Smith, A. F _ „ Eng. 1 ^ay Harbor Bay 

Smith, A. G „....P. H. S Wauchula „ ~ DeSoto 

Smith, A. Y _ Eng. 1 Miami _ _ _ Dad* 

Smith, Barney Ag. 1 Webster Sumter 

Smith, Chas. E „ Eng. 1 Plant City „ Hillsboro 

Smith, Corbett E _ Ag. 1 DeFuniak Springs — — Walton 

Smith, C. F.. Jr „ A. & S. 4 Gainesville Alachua 

Smith, H. P „.. _ Ag. 2 DeFuniak Springs Walton 

Smith. J. M „ Eng. 1 Clearwater Pinellas 

Smith, L. H A. & S. 1 Metcalfe Georgia 

Smith. T. L Naval R Cheraw South Carolina 

Smoke, W. H Eng. 1 Moore Haven DeSoto 

Snyder, M. C A. & S. 1 Jacksonville Duval 

Sobol, M P. H. S Gainesville Alachua 

Sollee. A. N „ Eng. 1 So. Jacksonville _ — Duval 

Spancer. G. W., Jr Nor Sanford ...Seminole 

Spivey. J. H Ag. 1 Inverness Citrus 

Spoto, John....„ P. H. S Tampa Hillsbore 

Stall, F. W Ag. 2-Yr Tampa Hillsboro 

Stalnaker, W. E A. & S. 1 Tampa Hillsboro 

Stanley, O. C Eng. 1 Bartow Polk 

Stansfield, H. C Eng. 1 Bradentown Manatee 

Stapleton, H. V A. & S. 3 Arcadia DeSoto 

Steed, M. R L. 1 Tampa ~ Hillsboro 

Stein, M A. & S. 1 Tampa Hillsboro 

Stevens, H. Q A. & S. 1 St. Augustine St. Johns 

Stinson, P. W Eng. 2 .Tarpon Springs _ Pinellas 

Stone, A. L A. & S. 1, L. 1 Maitland _ Orange 

Stoutamire, R Ag. 4 Tallahassee Leon 

Stringfellow, H. R...._ Eng. 3 Gainesville Alachua 

Sundy, B. F _.....Adv. S. A. T. C Delray Palm Beach 

Sundy. J. D __ Eng. 3 Delray — Palm Beach 

Surrency. M. B Adv. S. A, T. C Bowling Green ~ DeSoto 



REGISTER 171 

Name Clasification Postoffice County or State 

Swinney, C. L A. & S. 1 Hastings St. Johns 

Tatom, L. J Eng. 2 Pensacola Escambia 

Tatum, C. C....„ Eng. 1 Starke Bradford 

Theed, C. L -.A. & S. 2 Miami Dade 

Thetford, A. L. 2 Jacksonville Duval 

Thomas, A. M L. 1 .Thonotosassa _ Hillsboro 

Thomas, C. S Eng. 3 Gainesville Alachua 

Thomasson, F. W A. & S. 1 St. Petersburg Pinellas 

Thompson, H. L L. 4 Gainesville Alachua 

Thompson, L. L „ Eng. 1 Tarpon Springs Pinellas 

Thrasher, R. M Eng. 1 Micanopy „ Alachua 

Ticknor, J. N Ag. 8 Zephyrhills Paaco 

Todd, Leonard A. & S. 1 Ocala Marion 

Townsend, V. D P. H. S West Palm Beach Palm Beach 

Townsend, W. F Adv. S. A. T. C Lake Butler Bradford 

Traxler, B. D A. & S. 1 Alachua Alachua 

Traxler, J. G Ag. 2-Yr Gainesville Alachua 

Treadv^ell, J. K A. & S. 1, L. I Arcadia _ DeSoto 

Tucker, D. A _ A. & S. 2 Gainesville ...„ Alachua 

Tucker, J. R Eng. 1 Winter Park Orange 

Ulmer, H. D _ „.A. & S. 1 Largo „ Pinellas 

Upchurch, G. L Ag. Sp Meredith _ Levy 

Van Eepoel, A., Jr Ag. 1 Tampa ..._ _ „..Hillsboro 

Varnadore, C. H A. & S. 1 Jacksonville „ Duval 

Veloso, J. A _ L. 3 Carcas Province Cebu Philippines 

Vickery, J. C Ag. 1 Marianna „ Jackson 

Vigil, Julio „ Eng. 2 Mexico City Mexico 

Vining, E. C _ L. 1 Wildvsrood Sumter 

Wade, L. N „ _ P. H. S Palmette ...„ _ Manatee 

Wakefield, G. N A. & S. 1 Apalachicola _ Franklin 

Walker, C. L _ Ag. 1 Washington District of Columbia 

Walker, J. B Nor Baker _ Okaloosa 

Wallace, J. G Nor Williston „ _ Levy 

Walsh, J. E Nor Gainesville . Alachua 

Waltmire, J Eng. 1 Punta Gorda _ Pinellas 

Walton, T. L Naval R Boston Georgia 

Wang, C. W Ag. 4 JHonan China 

Ward, E. B _ Eng. 1 Miami Dade 

Ward, F. H _ A. & S. 1 Winter Park Orange 

Ward, H. F „ Eng. 1 Miami _ _ Dade 

Ward, R. F _ _ .Nor Atmore „ _ Alabama 

Warner, H. C ™ Eng. 3 Tampa _...Hillsboro 

Watkins, J. N. Eng. 2 Key West Monroe 

Weaver, M. B.. _.Nor St. Petersburg Pinellas 

Webb, R. S „Nor White Springs Hamilton 

Weedon, F. R A. & S. Sp Tampa „ _ „..Hillsboro 

Wells, B. H _ Eng. 1 Kissimmee . „ Osceola 

Wells, W. G ~ Ag. 2 City Point _ Brevard 

West, T. F.. Jr A. & S. 1 Tallahassee ._ Leon 

Westmoreland, R. L Ag. 3 Live Oak Suwannee 

Wever, F. K P. H. S Arcadia _ DeSoto 

Wey, J. E _. Nor Arcadia _ DeSoto 

Whalton, S. F Eng. 1 Key West „ Monroe 

White, R. G Eng. 1 Live Oak „ Suvsrannee 

Whitehurst, J. A JJaval R Sparks Georgia 

Whitfield, J. N. Eng. 4 Tallahassee „ Leon 

Whitner, B. F., Jr Ag. 4 Sanford Seminole 

Wiester, C. M JJng. 1 ^Dade City Pasco 

Wilkinson, S. A. B .T. Sp Gainesville Alachua 

WUliams. D. B .T. 2 Williston Levy 



172 UNIVERSITY OF FLORIDA 

Name Clasification Postoffice County or State 

Williams, J. F., Jr Ag. 1 Monticello Jeflferson 

Williams, J. F P. H. S Citra _ Marion 

Williams, L. D Ag. 1 Evansville Indiana 

Williams, S. B..._ Adv. S. A. T. C Ft. Meade _ _ Polk 

Williams, T. D A. & S. 3 Jacksonville Duval 

Willis, B. R Ag. 2-Yr Greenwood Jackson 

Willoughby, P. L A. & S. 3 Gainesville Alachua 

Willson, E. B., Jr P. H. S St. Petersburg Pinellas 

Wilson, E. L Nor Jacksonville Duval 

Wilson, F. W. S Eng. 1 New Smyrna Volusia 

Wilson, J. N., Jr _ Pre-Med. 1 Sneads Jackson 

Wilson, L. H Ag. 3 Bartow Polk 

Wilson, S. F L. 1 Ocala Marion 

Wimberly, W. M Eng. Fed. Voc Highland Clay 

Winter, T. P A. & S. 1 .Oakland Orange 

Winter, W. R „ Eng. 1 Oakland Orange 

Wolf, J. L L. 1 Tampa Hillsboro 

Wolfson, A. M A. & S. 2 Tampa Hillsboro 

Work, A. L Ag. 1 DeFuniak Springs Walton 

Wuthrich, E. B Eng. 1 Brewster _ Polk 

Wyman. J. F Naval R Estill South Carolina 

Yaeger, H. J A. & S. 1 Tallahassee Leon 

Yancey, M. N Eng. 3 Plant City Hillsbora 

Yates, W. S .T. 3 Plant City Hillsboro 

Yeats, M. L Eng. 1 Bartow Polk 

Youngblood, T. J P. H. S Parrish Manatee 

Zeder, H. H Eng. 3 Delray Palm Beach 

Zetrouer, A. R Ag. Sp Micanopy Alachua 

UNIVERSITY SUMMER SCHOOL, 1918 (CO-EDUCATIONAL) 

Name Postoffice County or State 

Adams, L. A DeFuniak Springs Walton 

Akard, Florence Blountsville Tennessee 

Alderman, Myra A Ft. Meade Polk 

Allen, Viviene Lake City Columbia 

Altman, Pearl Gainesville Alachua 

Anderson, Ewing Gainesville Alachua 

Anderson, James M., Jr Gainesville Alachua 

Andei-son, Lucretia S Live Oak Suwannee 

Anderson, Pauline E „ Archer Alachua 

Anderson, Philippa Gray Tampa _ Hillsboro 

Ansley, Pearl Aleene Dade City Pasco 

Alonso, Mrs. Kate J Melbourne Brevard 

Arrington, Gertrude Trenton Alachua 

Axelson, John Newton Pensacola Escambia 

Ayers, Alice R Enville Hernando 

Ayers, Dora J Brooksville .Hernando 

Bailey, Mrs. Clarence A St. Cloud Osceola 

Bailey, Mary Trentlen Clearwater Pinellas 

Ballentine, Grace Walker Gainesville Alachua 

Barber, Raleigh T Morriston Levy 

Barwick, Louie H , Delray Palm Beach 

Beck, Earl C Dillon Montana 

Beck, Mrs. Earl C Dillon Montana 

Beeson, Edward Lee Atkins Arkansas 

Blackburn, Maude Bowling Green DeSoto 

Boswell, Fannie A St. Petersburg Pinellas 

Bouchelle, Annie V _ DeLand „ „ Volusia 



REGISTER 



173 



Name Postoffice County or State 

Boulware, Eulee Sarah Island Grove Alachua 

Boyd, Carrie- Benie _ Melbourne „ _Brevard 

Bradford, Bonnie _. Oxford _ Sumter 

Bradshaw, Dwight Moody Delray „ Palm Beach 

Bridges, Robert LeRoy. _ Ocala _ Marion 

Brown, Thelma _ „ Gainesville Alachua 

Brown, Winnie Irene Sanford Seminole 

Browne, Reba „ _ _..Island Grove _Alachua 

Browne, Willie Maree Island Grove Alachua 

Brownlee, Vivian Callahan Nassau 

Bryant, Eula Lee Gainesville Alachua 

Bulford, Amy „ Hilliard Nassau 

Bullock, William Jennings Arcadia DeSoto 

Burke, Mrs. W. H.„ „ Gainesville Alachua 

Burrows, Alice F _ Brooksville Hernando 

Burrows, Mrs. Grace M Brooksville Hernando 

Burrows, Willah M Brooksville Hernando 

Burry, Gladys S Orange Lake Marion 

Bushong, J. T _ _ Plant City Hillsboro 

Butts, Mildred _ Dade City Pasco 

Cade. Mattie C „ Seville „ Volusia 

Caho, Apple Camille _ Newbern JJorth Carolina 

Campbell, Christopher G „ Waldo Alachua 

Cannon, Mary A „ Gainesville _ Alachua 

Cannon, Olin Gainesville Alachua 

Carlisle, Minnie Lee „ Ocala Marion 

Cames, Charles N „ Gainesville „ Alachua 

Carter. Edith E Dade City Pasco 

Chaffer, Herbert J Osteen Volusia 

Chase, Randall Sanford Seminole 

Church, Alice Love „ Eustis _ „ Lake 



Claxon, Grace Gainesville 

Clovel, Frederick E Wauchula 

Coffey, Mrs. Cora N Gainesville „ 

Cogburn, Harry P Cottondale 

Colclough, Lillian C Ft. Myers „ 

Coleman, Mrs. Jewell „..„ _ Newberry 

Collier, Eunice „ Otter Creek „ , 

Collins, Inez.... Irvine _ 

Colson, Charles C...._ Woodrow _ 

Colson, Dorothy .Trenton 

Cox, Anita May „ Alva 

Cox, J. O'Neal Gainesville 

Cox, Richard Augustus Gainesville _ 

Cox, Warren E „ _ Gainesville _ 

Crocker, Florence A Newberry 

Croft, May _»Hernando „ Citrus 

Croft. Wm. D Hernando Citrus 

Curry, Mabel O _ Nakomis Manatee 

Curry, Mary Amelia _ Manatee Manatee 

DaCosta, Annie Gainesville Alachua 

Dale, Lillian Kissimmee Osceola 

Darby, Frances H Green Cove Springs Clay 

Davis, Lois _ „.Doerun Georgia 

Dawson, Theresa C Altoona Lake 

Deal, Mrs. Ruth „ St. Petersburg Pinellas 

DeMaree, Evalyn „ _ _ -Gainesville _ Alachua 

DeMeritt, Fred „ _ _ Key West _ Monroe 

Dent, Thftlma B Umatilla „ _ „ Lake 

Diamond, J. T - Gonzalez _JSseambia 



Alachua 

DeSoto 

Alachua 

Jackson 

Lee 

Alachua 

Levy 

Marion 

Lee 

Alachua 

Lee 

Alachua 

Alachua 

Alachua 

Alachua 



174 



UNIVERSITY OF FLORIDA 



Name 

Dillard, Fay 

Douglas, Zacharia H.. 
Dyckes, Percie.. 



Postoffice County or State 

Ft. Myers _ Lee 

Gainesville _ „ Alachua 

„ _ Alva Lee 

Dudley, Edna Alachua „ Alachua 

Dudley, Winifred Alachua Alachua 

Edwards, Claudia B -Lovett _ Madison 

Edwards, Harry C Brooker _ Bradford 

Egidius, Sister Mary Tampa „ Hillsboro 

Farabee, T. N -Wauchula _ „ DeSoto 

Farnell, Jessie L _ - Ft. White „ Columbia 

Famell, Leila C Ft. White „ Columbia 

Fitch, Emma - Homestead . — _ Dade 

Forbes, Sarah A Anthony Marion 

Fortner, Henry D Bartow Polk 

Friedberg, Ruth V Melrose Alachtia 

Frier, Hilory ~ - Tampa Hillsboro 

Frier, Lenora „ - Lee _ _ Madison 

Fuller, Eugenia F _ - Ocala _ Marion 

Furen, Bessie Sanford „ _ Seminole 

Fussell, Lillie May..._ _ - „....Coleman „ „ Sumter 

Fonts, Buth E _ Gainesville _ Alachua 

Gay, Mrs. Mabel E. P - Melbourne _ Brevard 

Gay Walter W ™ Melbourne _ Brevard 

Geiger, Letitia „ „ Stuart _ Palm Beach 

Ginn, Annie _ _Rodman ....„ „ Putnam 

Glass, Wm. H Gainesville _ Alachua 

Golden, Bessie Enterprise Alabama 

Golden, Maree Enterprise Alabama 

Gordy, Claudia. „ „.Tampa „ Hillsboro 

Gore, Bertie V _ _ _ - Arcadia DeSoto 

Goulding, Alice - Punta Gorda _ DeSot» 

Graham, George R Ft. White Columbia 

Granberry, Annie P Brookhaven Mississippi 

Gray, Henry L Gainesville Alachua 

Green, Lottie E - Branford Suwannee 

Grimm, Margaret A _ _ ~ Gainesville _ _ Alachua 

Grundy, Ruth A •• Kentucky 

Guess, Mary C - Williston - Levy 

Hall, Pauline...„ _ .Oxford „ Sumter 

Hall, Wm. B ~ Gainesville Alachua 

Hamilton. Basil D _ Kissimmee ...._ - Osceola 

Hamilton, Gladys E „ - -....Plant City Hillsboro 

Hampton, Irene Brooksville „ Jlernando 

Hancock, Clara Bowling Green ...DeSoto 

Hancock, Mattie Lake City Columbia 

Hardee, Eva Maude ~ _ Trenton Alachua 

Hardee, Ruby Mae Wauchula DeSoto 

Ham, Julia E Gainesville Alachua 

Harris, Miriam America Sarasota ....„ Manatee 

Harris, Nannie D Winter Park Orange 

Harrison, Katherine J Opelika _ Alabama 

Hathaway, W. B _ Gainesville — Alachua 

Hauser, Charles Roy Jlomestead - Dade 

Hayes, Calvin B _ Brooker Bradford 

Heath, Esther G — - ~ Orlando Orange 

Hemingway, Mrs. L. A. - St. Augustine St. Johns 

Hendrix, Mattie M -.Plant City HiUsboro 

Hensley, Mrs. Hattie S - Brooksville - Hernando 

Hensley, Maree B _ —Brooksville Hernando 

Hepburn, Ellen G - Jupiter J»alm Beaek 



REGISTER 175 

Name Postoffice County or State 

Hepburn, Jeannie...„ _. Jupiter Palm Beach 

Herlong, Clara B _ Lake City „ Columbia 

Herrick, Grace I _ Key "West „ Monroe 

Herrick. Reba B _ _ „ _ Key West _ „ Monroe 

Hicks, Mrs. W. C...._ „ Waldo Alachua 

Hill, Maoma F „ _ Dade City „ Pasco 

Hill, Maude E .'. _ .Tampa „ Hillsboro 

Hodges, Lowell Mason Greenwood „ Jackson 

Holiday, Minnie _ Wekiva Lake 

Holland, Lota A _ _ Bunnell _ _ Flagler 

Holland, Myrtle E „ „ Milton _ _ Santa Rosa 

Hollinger, Ruth _ Altoona Lake 

Holly, Carrie...- Conner _ Marion 

Holt, Laura ™ „ Alton Iowa 

Holton. Mrs. J. C Gainesville _ „ -Alachua 

Honiker, Mrs. Marian Hawthorne _ Alachua 

Hosford, R. L „ Hosford _. Liberty 

Howard, Ola E „ „ _ _Jtfadison _ „ „ Madison 

Hubbell, Julia B _ _ Bradentown Manatee 

Huber, Inez Webster _ _ Sumter 

Huber, Vivian Webster _ Sumter 

Hudgings, Mrs. Florence. Tampa Hillsboro 

Hull, Minnie „ „Plant City _ „ Hillsboro 

Hurlbert, Clara N _ „Jacksonville „ „ Duval 

Hum, Mrs. Elizabeth S _ _ .Tampa ™ Hillsboro 

Ingalls, Flora A _ „ Zephyrhills . _. Pasco 

Ivey, Frederick M „ Homeland _ Polk 

Jarrett, Anna _ „ Umatilla _ Lak« 

Jarrett, Ellen _ „ Umatilla _ _ Lake 

Johnson, Delglazier „ Waldo _ „ Alachua 

Johnson, Leo _ „ Gainesville _A.lachua 

Johnson, Loco „ Raiford Bradford 

Jolly, Sarah S _..Waldo Alachua 

Jones, Ruth _ Brookhaven Mississippi 

Jones, Viola Gainesville _ -Alachua 

Kellum, Daisy M _ Gainesville jVlachua 

Kindred, Ethel R _ Davie „ Broward 

Kiiig. Etta A _ Ft. Myers „ Lee 

Knight, Aileen _ „ Clearwater „ _ Pinellas 

Knott, Mary F _ _ Terra Ceia .._ Manatee 

Knowles, May...„ „ Ybor City _ Hillsboro 

Koehler, William — Mt. Dora _ Lake 

Kramer, Dora „„ „ Leesburg _ „ Lake 

Kramer, Lillie... „ „ Leesburg „ _ Lake 

Lambert. Oni Bunnell J'lagler 

Lamboley, Leone Hawks Park Volusia 

Laurence, Marie C Lake Worth „ Palm Beacfe 

Lee. Bertha Mae Gainesville ..._ _ _ „ Alachua 

Lee. Clara Belle GaineBvilla Alachua 

Lee. Melba _ „ -...Umatilla Lake 

Lewis, Gertrude. Gainesville Alachua 

Link, Carl T. _. ......Orlando -Orange 

Little, Mrs. Clifford H.-.„ - - Madison „ Madison 

Little, Ercel Elizabeth -.Sanford _ Seminole 

Little, Hallie Curtis -....Gainesville - JVlachua 

Little, Lois O „ _ Gainesville _„ -...JVlachua 

Little, Martha G- Sanford „ Seminole 

Lochrie, Annabel Florida City Dade 

Longbottom, Trula .Waldo _ JVlachua 

Love, Bertha „ Trenton - _ Alachua 



176 UNIVERSITY OF FLORIDA 

Name Postoffice County or State 

Love, Lillie - Trenton Alachua 

Lovell, Mary „ - Groveland Lake 

Lowe, Mrs. Harry Davie Broward 

Luter, Leila Wildwood Sumter 

McArthur, Gertrude Gholson Mississippi 

McCann, Maive Punta Gorda _ JJeSoto 

McClean, Annie Archer Alachua 

McCullough, Fay Hastings St. Johns 

McCully, Claude A Ocala „ Marion 

McDonald, Annis W Groveland Lake 

McDonald, Mary _ Groveland Lake 

McEwen, R. O Lochloosa Alachua 

McGhee, Helen Gainesville Alachua 

Mcintosh, Adonis - Brooksville Hernando 

McKay, Florence G Key West ...._ Monroe 

McKay, Glenn E Key West Monroe 

McKay. Mrs. Glenn E ~ Key West ...._ Monroe 

McKinney, Elizabeth D „ _ Micanopy Alachua 

McKinney, Eula Lee .- Micanopy Alachua 

McLaughlin, Wm. A Ft. Recovery Ohio 

McMullen, Mrs. Mabel - Madison „ Madison 

McQuaters, Eva _ Orlando _ Orange 

McRainey. John Angus. Gainesville Alachua 

McSpadden, Mildred Estelle. Ft. Myers ...._ Lee 

Macy, Edwin E Eau Gallie Brevard 

Macy, Mrs. Martha A - Eau Gallie Brevard 

Maddox, Lyda E - Micanopy Alachua 

Malphurs. Josie - Alachua Alachua 

.Malphurs, Ruth Alachua Alachua 

Maney, Almarine ~ Plant City Hillsboro 

Mansell, Clyde Tampa Hillsboro 

Marsh, lola Pinson Tennessee 

Marsh, Sarah A Minneola Lake 

Martin, Helen W....„ Panama Park Duval 

Mason, Robert G _ Gainesville .Alachua 

Masters, Ross Bonifay Holmes 

Matthews, Aldus R Homestead Dade 

Matthews, Janie Elizabeth Micanopy _Alachua 

Mayo, Bessie N „Dade City Pasco 

Mellor, Frederick H _ Pensacola .Escambia 

Merbler, Adam A Pensacola Escambia 

Mercer, L. P Zolfo _ DeSoto 

Mercer, Mrs. L. P « - Zolfo DeSoto 

Merchant, H. M _ Gainesville ....Alachua 

Metcalf, Harry G..„ _ -Live Oak „ Suwannee 

Metcalf, Mrs. Harry G „..Live Oak _ Suwannee 

Miller, Mary Erma Freeport Walton 

Moore, Bernice Emma Groveland Lake 

Moore, D. H Clermont Lake 

Moore, Mrs. D. H _ _ Clermont .„ Lake 

Moore, Mrs. Leila C Tampa _ Hillsboro 

Montgomery, Anne B Dowling Park „ Suwannee 

Montgomery, Mamie Lila Dowling Park Suwannee 

Morgan, Mrs. Harriet Bushnell Tampa ™ „ Hillsboro 

Morrison, Daisy Belle Hastings _. St. Johns 

Morrison, Velma Delores Hastings St. Johns 

Munro, Mollie _ Delray Palm Beach 

Murphree, John A ~ Gainesville _ Alachua 

Murphree, Martha Jane Gainesville . — _ -Alachua 

"Murray, Mrs. Leora. _.Hawks Park Volusia 



REGISTER 177 

Name Postoffice County or State 

Murray, Mrs. Mary Tampa Hillsboro 

Newman, Margaret E Clearwater Pinellas 

Nixon, J. C Gainesville Alachua 

Nolle, Mrs. Maude C Jacksonville Duval 

Nunn, Frank Jennings Hamilton 

Ormond, Daisy B Hawthorne Alachua 

Padrick, Mabel Lakeland Polk 

Palmer, Nell Virginia Tampa Hillsboro 

Parker, Alyne -Bartow Polk 

Parrish, Josie Lake Butler Bradford 

Peacock, Mrs. E. G Mayo Lafayette 

Peeples, Lorace Bowling Green DeSoto 

Peyton, Aileen G DeLand Volusia 

Phillips, Mrs. Carrie J Tampa Hillsboro 

Picon, Dorothy Marguerite Pinellas Park Pinellas 

Pinholster, George D St. Petersburg Pinellas 

Poland, Wm. E West Palm Beach Palm Beach 

Polk, Myrtice Louise Hawthorne Alachua 

Pratt, Nettie Corinne Manatee Manatee 

Pratt, Orrie V Manatee Manatee 

Pressley, Mrs. Eunice Columbia South Carolina 

Pritchard, Rosa V Plant City Hillsboro 

Pugh, Elizabeth Newport Arkansas 

Quattlebaum, May Holly Hill Volusia 

Radford, Edith Lake City Columbia 

Raulerson, Louise Waldo Alachua 

Ray, Marian I Tampa Jlillsboro 

Read, Alice M New Smyrna Volusia 

Reeder, Nellora A Tampa Hillsboro 

Reeves, Wm. H Gainesville Alachua 

Register, Mary O'Brien Suwannee 

Rice, Mrs. Bessie Zephyrhills Pasco 

Richardson, Bertha O'Brien Suwannee 

Richmond, Mrs. F. S Memphis Tennessee 

Ricks, Ruby Lucile Gainesville Alachua 

Ridder, Esther L Arcadia DeSoto 

Rigby, William Clinton Atmore Alabama 

Roberts, Cevie M Ocala Marion 

Roberts, Katherine Elizabeth Bowling Green DeSoto 

Roberts, Mrs. Ruby Mae Ona DeSoto 

Roberts, Verdie R O'Brien Suwannee 

Roberts, Walter Wellborn Suwannee 

Robinson, Edith V Lady Lake Lake 

Robinson, Karl Montverde Lake 

Robinson, Mrs. Karl Montverde Lake 

Robinson, Mamie E .Valrico Hillsboro 

Roney, Mary Beulah Orlando Orange 

Rooks, Earle G Chipley Washington 

Rosenberger, Bertha Micanopy Alachua 

Ross, Daisy C Williston Levy 

Royal, Jeun E Sorrento Lake 

Rowland, Inez Harbor View DeSoto 

Sale, Douglas B Southpoi-t Bay 

Sale, Muriel E Southport Bay 

Sale, Thomas D., Jr Southport Bay 

Sale, Mrs. Thos. D Southport Bay 

Salter, Katherine C Tampa Hillsboro 

Salter, Nellie B Tampa JHillsboro 

Sanchez, Mabel Gainesville Alachua 

Sapp, Agatha Bell Alachua 

12 



178 UNIVERSITY OF FLORIDA 

Name Postoffice County or State 

Sasser, Lula...« _ Brookhaven Mississippi 

Saunders, Maude L „ DeP'uniak Springs Walton 

Scales, Margaret L Daytona Beach Volusia 

Semmes, Sister Catherine Tampa Hillsboro 

Sensabaugh, R. L _ Winter Haven Polk 

Shane, Milton L ~ Brooksville Hernando 

Shannon, Serena A Gainesville Alachua 

Shealey, Una - -.Lowell Marion 

Shumate, Eugenia R — Bartow Polk 

Shumate, Sarah - Bartow Polk 

Siechrest, Robert E ~ -Tampa ..„ Hillsboro 

Sikes, Emma Mae — Bunnell Flagler 

Simms, Chloe E _ ~ Pinetta Madison 

Simpson, Docia Eustis _ Lake 

Slaughter, Myrtle V Bell Alachua 

Smedley, Mayme E _ Santos . _ Marion 

Smith, Al. G Wauchula DeSoto 

Smith, Catherine H _ Gainesville _A.lachua 

Smith, Dorothea H Gainesville „ Alachua 

Smith, Virginia „ Plant City „ Hillsboro 

Stalker, Ethel M _ Lakeland Polk 

Stalsby, Mattie .Jacksonville Duval 

Stalvey, Maggie L „ Trenton Alachua 

Standley, Geneva ™ Waldo Alachua 

Stanton, Edith May Ormond Volusia 

Stirling, Mrs. Frank Gainesville _ Alachua 

Stivender, Mrs. M. D _ —Leesburg Lake 

Stock, Joseph W Interlachen _ Putnam 

Stokes, Jeannette _ Jeffersonville Georgia 

Stoody, Bess L _ _ Orlando Orange 

Straw, Frances W _ —Lakeland Polk 

Sumner, Ruth _ St. Petersburg _ Pinellas 

Sundy, John Dewey Delray Palm Beach 

Sundy, Sadie _ —Delray Palm Beach 

Swartz, Annie Mae. Gainesville Alachua 

Tanner, Marguerite _ _ „Newberry Alachua 

Tatum, Jewel W „.JDeLand Volusia 

Taylor, Eva L — Orlando _ Orange 

Taylor. Martha _ _ ^...Gainesville -Alachua 

Taylor, Olivia Oak Hili Volusia 

Terry, Bessie _ Lawtey Bradford 

Terry, Eva Lois _ Xawtey Bradford 

Tervin, Pearl B „ Bagdad Santa Rosa 

Thomas, Jean Kissimmee ....Osceola 

Thomas, Jessie „ Starke „ Bradford 

ThomjiS, Ruby Mae „ Palatka Putnam 

Tiller, Virginia L „ Kissimmee — Osceola 

Tiller, Wm. T „,.. DeFuniak Springs Walton 

Tolben, H. L Ft. White Columbia 

Tomkits, Kate M „ _ . — Gainesville Alachua 

Tomkies, Mary Christine _ Gainesville Alachua 

Tooke, Carrabelle _ Ft. Myers Lee 

Townsend, Bessie L „ Gainesville Alachua 

Townsend, Catherine Groveland „ Lake 

Tulane. Lyda Zephyrhills Pasco 

Tyler, Dora „ Ocilla Georgia 

Tyler, Mrs. Willie C Coleman Sumter 

Van Hyning, Arthur „ Gainesville _Alachua 

Vause, Ida Irene „ Palatka Putnam 

Vidal, Irma „ Gainesville Alachua 



REGISTER 179 

Name Postoffice County or State 

Videon, Orbia A.„ Newberry Alachua 

Vrooman, Mrs. Effie Gainesville Alachua 

Wade, Lula Myrtle Alva „ Lee 

Walker, Charles H Titusville Brevard 

Walker, Jessie Inez „ Bronson Levy 

Walker, Mrs. Rosa L Titusville Brevard 

Wallace, Julia Wauchula DeSoto 

Wang, Chin Wu Changte China 

Ward, Nan G Gainesville Alachua 

Warren, Ida Ruth Starke Bradford 

Watkin, John E Gainesville ._ Alachua 

Watson, J. W „ Ft. Meade Polk 

Watson, Wilma Ruth Gainesville Alachua 

Watterson, Stella Cozine Ft. Ogden DeSoto 

Weatherbee, Wynona Ocala Marion 

Welch, Laura May Gainesville _ Alachua 

Wellman, Bertha Bronson Levy 

Westbrook, Joey Hernando Citrus 

Wetzel, Mrs. Eva May. _ Jacksonville Duval 

Whidden, Stella V Mulberry Polk 

Whitelaw, lone Floral City Hernando 

Whitelavf, Laura _ Floral City Hernando 

Whitney, Dorothy Tampa Hillsboro 

Whiteworth, Ellie Callahan Nassau 

Wilder, Gladys A „ Knights _ Hillsboro 

Williams, A. D Wauchula DeSoto 

Williams, Mrs. A. D Wauchula DeSoto 

Williams, D. E * „ Williston „ Levy 

Williams, Emily Lorene Red Level Citrus 

Williams, Erma O Wauchula DeSoto 

Williams, lone A _ Gainesville _ _ Alachua 

Williams, Mary Felicia Williston Levy 

Williams, Thomas H Williston Levy 

Williams, Vera Morrison Levy 

Williamson, Bailey Finley, Jr Gainesville Alachua 

Williamson, Madge Wauchula DeSoto 

Willoughby, Alice Gainesville Alachua 

Wilson, Laura Rebecca Hastings St. Johns 

Winchester, Mary DeLeon Springs Volusia 

Windham, Miriam Pensacola Escambia 

Wyllie, Wilhelmina Ormond Volusia 

Wyly, Oma H Wilson Brevard 

Wynns, Willie _.Wildwood Sumter 

Yates, Walter S Plant City Hillsboro 

York, Ira Moore Haven DeSoto 

Zeder, H. H Delray Palm Beach 

Zwiefel, Burlein Ft. Myers Lee 

BOYS' SHORT COURSE, DECEMBER 9-14, 1918 

Baker, Ralph O'Brien Suwannee 

Barker, Jesse Lakeland Polk 

Barrow, Poly _Plant City Hillsboro 

Bernath, John _Mulat Santa Rosa 

Bethea, Leroy Montverde Lake 

Blowers, George „ Ocala Marion 

Camp, John P Okeechobee Okeechobee 

Canova, Harry _Starke Bradford 

Clark, Newman...- Milton Santa Rosa 

Clark, W. Olive _ Bartow Polk 



180 



UNIVERSITY OF FLORIDA 



Name 

Conlev, George 

Crens^iaw, Buren.... 

Crews, Ulphin 

Cullison, Frederick.. 



Postoffice County 

.Starke Bradford 

..Lisbon Lake 

..Lake Butler Baker 

..Ocala Marion 



Dann, Causey Ocoee Orange 

Davis, Arthur Bowling Green DeSoto 

Davis, Julius Smith Blountstown Calhoun 

DeVane, Roy Jennings Hamilton 

DeVore, Elbert Reddick Marion 

Dixon, Thomas J Fellsmere St. Lucie 

Dorsett, Henry P Branford Suwannee 

Downing, Rollo E Parrish Manatee 

Downing, Shelton V Parrish Manatee 

Drigger, Jesse Lee Wimauma Hillsboro 

Ellerbe, Thomas H Wimauma Hillsboro 

English, Dan Alva Lee 

Erickson, Karl Canal Point Palm Beach 

Fouraker, Allen Baldwin Duval 

Fraser, James E Newberry Alachua 

Gayle, Kinsey Greenville Madison 

Glass, Theo Lee Madison 

Griffis, Albert Starke Bradford 

Gustafson, Gunnar Green Cove Springs Clay 

Gwaltney, Harold Lisbon Lake 

Hall, Willie Guy West Tocoi Clay 

Hansen, Homer Espanola Flagler 

Harry, Edward P Pompano Broward 

Haynes, J. E., Jr Pensacola Escambia 

Hickson, Albert Sanford Seminole 

Huskey, Alfred, Jr Pahokee Palm Beach 

Hutto, William J Bushnell Sumter 

Knighton, Leo East Palatka Putnam 

Leivonen, Peter Alachua Alachua 

Leverett, Lloyd Fairfield Marion 

Link, Harold Orlando Orange 

McCullcugh, Orvin Lee Madison 

McElveen, Harry Ellzey Levy 

McGrath, Richard Florahome Putnam 

Maddox, Clarence .Micanopy Alachua 

Maddox, Marshall Micanopy Alachua 

Martin, Lawton _Electra Marion 

Miley, Glenn Plant City Hillsboro 

Morris, Alton Pahokee Palm Beach 

Murphy, Dogal Ponce de Leon ..Holmes 

Neil, Mabery Ocala Marion 

Neil, Vernon Ocala Marion 

Owens, Willard _Monticello Jefferson 

Pickett, Willis .Jacksonville Duval 

Pringle, Gervin Baldwin Duval 

Rainey, Thurston Madison Madison 

Roebuck, Bennie .Theressa Bradford 

Rou, Myron Lowell Marion 

Rowe, Waldo Macclenny Baker 

Saarinen, Albert Alachua Alachua 

Saarinen, Walter Alachua Alachua 

Salmi, Emil Alachua _Alachua 

Shaw, Albert Gainesville Alachua 

Shaw, Reuben Brooker Bradford 

Smith, David .Jennings JIamilton 

Smith, Walter Esto Holmes 



REGISTER 181 

Name Postoffice County 

stone, Henry Sapp Baker 

Swillery, William M Lowell Marion 

Taylor, G. H., Jr Plant City Hillsboro 

Taylor, Powers Plant City Hillsboro 

Thomas, Enoch Aubumdale Polk 

Webb, Luther Plant City Hillsboro 

Webb, Robert Moultrie St. Johns 

Williams, Claude St. Catherine Sumter 

Yates, Curtis Kissimmee Osceola 

Young, Morris Plant City Hillsboro 

Zetrouer, Albert Micanopy Alachua 



FARMERS' TEN-DAY SHORT COURSE, JANUARY 7-17, 1919 

Name Postoffice County or State 

Andrews, P. R Sanford Seminole 

Bean, C. C Zellwood Orange 

Beville, E. M Gainesville Alachua 

Blacklock, Mrs. R. H Gainesville Alachua 

Blake, R. C Oklahoma City Oklahoma 

Borin<^. J. M Ft. Myers Lee 

Brauer, G. A St. Petersburg Pinellas 

Brooks, J. C Brooksville Hernando 

Burleigh, Miss Margaret Tavares Lake 

Chesnut, James Gainesville Alachua 

Clark, D. C Muskegon Michigan 

Coffey, W. P Gainesville Alachua 

Colson, Mrs. J. H Gainesville Alachua 

Cunningham, Louis Rochester New York 

Cunningham, Newton Rochester New^ York 

Day, L. S Bradentown Manatee 

Doran, A. H .Gainesville Alachua 

Dudley, J. E Montverde Lake 

Dyrenforth, W. E Clearwater Pinellas 

Edwards, R. W Jacksonville Duval 

Ellsworth, C. B Blanton Pasco 

English, J. L Astatula Lake 

Favar. E. H Galva Illinois 

Fry, G. D Lutz Hillsboro 

Haile, Mary A Gainesville Alachua 

Hastie, Wm Dade City Pasco 

Hatch, C. E New Smyrna Volusia 

Hatch, F. W New Smyrna Volusia 

Havrthorne, D. E Knights Hillsboro 

Hertel, W. H Gainesville Alachua 

Hill, G. H Havenhill Massachusetts 

Hodges. L. H Astatula Lake 

Hodges, L. M Greenwood Jackson 

Holley, J Arredondo Alachua 

Hopkins, Elizabeth West Palm Beach Palm Beach 

Katz, H. M Kissimmee Osceola 

Lehman, L. W Jacksonville Duval 

Lewis, J. V Ft. Myers Lee 

McCollum, J. N .Tampa Hillsboro 

MacCook, Mrs. E. S Gainesville Alachua 

McDonald, H. E Vero St. Lucie 

McGill. L. B .Waldo Alachua 

McGurgan. Geo. L Jacksonville Duval 

Mack, A. R Tangerin Orange 



182 UNIVERSITY OF FLORIDA 

Name Postoffice County or State 

Mack, Chas _ Mannville „ Putnam 

Mann, H. T Mannville „ Putnam 

Marine, Peter Sneads Island ...„ Manatee 

Maxwell, A. E Gainesville Alachua 

Mountain, E. T Trilby Pasco 

Noble, Adam Inverness Citrus 

Peck. E. J Winterhaven Polk 

Pelman, A. A New York „ _ New York 

Peper, S. D Leesburg Lake 

Peters, H. B Montverde Lake 

Peterson, E. A Orlando Orange 

Prange, Mrs. N. W. G Jacksonville Duval 

Preble, E. C Orange Park Clay 

Railsback, H. D Micanopy Alachua 

Ramsey, F. M -Gainesville ~ Alachua 

Roat, W. H Apalachicola Franklin 

Sanborn, L. L Gainesville Alachua 

Sanborn, N. W Gainesville Alachua 

Sanborn, Mrs. N. W Gainesville _ Alachua 

Sanborn, Ruth Holden Massachusetts 

Scofield, W. H Winterhaven ...._ Polk 

Stedman, E. M Knoxville „ Tennessee 

Stephenson, E. E „ Gainesville Alachua 

Stevenson, R. N Gainesville _ „ Alachua 

Stewart, C. W Tampa „ Hillsboro 

Stone, W. G Jlillsdale Michigan 

Stringfellow, Glenn Gainesville Alachua 

Susemiebel, M _ Houma Florida 

Terwilliger, A. C .Titusville _ Brevard 

Tilgham. W. G Palatka Putnam 

Trough, W. J Dade City Pasco 

Tschapp, W. T Jacksonville Duval 

Turner, J. G Auroria - Illinois 

Tussey, H. H Alva Lee 

Vorman, Carrie E Hawks Park „ Volusia 

Weaver, R. T Dade City Pasco 

Wells, J. H _ Baldwin _ Duval 

Whittington, R. R Chipley Washington 

Williams, J. L „Tifton _ * Georgia 

Williamson, Mrs. B. F Gainesville Alachua 

Wilson, Cazeneuse Jacksonville „ Duval 

Yager, G. L Rockledge Brevard 



REGISTER 183 

SUMMARY 

Graduate School 6 

College of Arts and Sciences 160 

College of Agriculture — 

College 75 

Two-Year Course 12 

One- Year Course 1 

88 

College of Engineering 146 

College of Law 62 

Teachers College and Normal School — 

College 11 

Normal School 23 

Practice High School 30 

Summer School 434 

498 

Advanced S. A. T. C. Course 25 

Naval Reserve 22 

Total Enrollment for 1918-1919 1006 

Counted twice 18 

Net Total 988 

Number attending Boys' Short Course in Agriculture 81 

Number attending Farmers' Ten-Day Short Course 87 

Number attending Army Training School (Page 124) 670 

Grand Total 1826 

SUMMARY BY STATES AND FOREIGN COUNTRIES 

Summer Regular 

Session Session 

1918 1918-19 

Alabama 4 2 

Arkansas 2 

Brazil 5 

Canada 1 

China 1 2 

Cuba 1 

Delaware 1 

District of Columbia 1 

Florida 410 505 

Georgia 3 9 

Illinois 1 

Indiana 2 

Iowa 1 

Japan 1 

Kentucky 1 

Mexico 1 

Michigan 2 

Mississippi 4 

Montana 2 

New York 4 

North Carolina 1 1 

Ohio 1 2 

Pennsylvania 4 

Philippines 1 

South Carolina 1 5 

South Dakota 1 

Tennessee 3 

West Virginia 2 

Total 434 554 

"988 



184 UNIVERSITY OF FLORIDA 

SUMMARY BY COUNTIES 

Summer Regular 

Session Session 

1918 1918-19 

Alachua 103 43 

Bay 4 4 

Bradford 6 12 

Brevard 9 5 

Broward 1 2 

Calhoun 1 

Citrus 4 7 

Clay 1 

Columbia 8 7 

Dade 4 28 

DeSoto 24 18 

Duval 5 42 

Escambia '. 5 12 

Flagler 3 o 

Franklin 3 

Gadsden 3 

Hamilton 1 6 

Hernando 12 1 

Hillsboro 32 59 

Holmes 1 3 

Jackson 2 13 

Jefferson 4 

Lafayette 1 

Lake 25 12 

Lee 10 5 

Leon 18 

Levy 10 5 

Liberty 1 

Madison 6 3 

Manatee 7 10 

Marion '. 12 19 

Monroe 6 11 

Nassau 3 3 

Okaloosa 3 

Orange 7 16 

Osceola 5 7 

Palm Beach 11 I8 

Pasco 8 6 

Pinellas 8 30 

Polk 12 16 

Putnam 4 5 

St. Johns 5 7 

St. Lucie 4 

Santa Rosa 2 3 

Seminole 5 6 

Sumter 8 8 

Suvirannee 10 7 

Taylor 1 

Volusia 14 3 

Walton 4 6 

Washington 1 

Total from fifty-one Florida Counties 410 505 

Total from other States and Foreign Countries 24 49 

Net Total 434 554 

988 



INDEX 185 

INDEX 

Page 

A.B. Curriculum 47, 48 

A.B. in Education, Curriculum 140 

Absences 26, 29 

Academic and Law Degrees, Combined 48, 129 

Administration 25 

Administration, School 144 

Admission 36, 88, 155 

Admission to the Bar 129 

Adult Specials 29 

Advanced Standing 42, 126 

Age (Required for Admission) 36 

Agents, Cooperative Demonstration Work 97, 99, 102, 103 

Agricultural Chemistry 55 

Agricultural Club 77 

Agricultural Education 82, 141 

Agricultural Engineering 75, 81 

Agricultural Journalism 85 

Agricultural Organizations 82 

Agriculture 82, 146, 148, 153 

Agriculture, College of 19, 37, 73 

Agriculture, History of 82 

Agriculture, Middle Course in 88 

Agriculture, Short Courses in 91, 92 

Agronomy 74, 80, 151 

Aid to Injured, First 69 

Algebra 40, 148, 151 

Alligator, Florida 33 

Alumni Association 35 

A.M. (See M. A.) 

American Literature 40, 57 

Anatomy 53, 54 

Ancient Languages 50 

Anglo-Saxon 57 

Animal Husbandry, etc 75, 82, 83 

Appointments to Army, Presidential 64 

Arithmetic 144, 140, 150 

Army Training School 16, 124 

Arts and Sciences, College of 37, 46 

Arts, Mechanic 18, 119, 122 

Assignment to Classes 26 

Athletics (See Physical Education) 24, 29, 30 

Attendance (See also Roll of Students) 26 

Auditorium 19 

B.A. (See A.B.) 

Bacteriology 54 

Band, Military 35 

Banking 60 

Bar, Admission to the 129 

Barns 76 

Beef Production 83 

Biblical Instruction 52 

Biology 53, 155 

Bird Study 13 

Board 31, 32 

Board of Control 4, 17, 25 

Board of Education, State 4, 17 

Board, Summer School 4 

Books 32 



186 UNIVERSITY OF FLORIDA 

Page 

Botany 42, 53, 86, 87 

Boys' Clubs, etc 102, 103, 105, 179 

B.S. Curriculum 49 

B,S. Curriculum in Agriculture 78 

B.S. Curricula in Education 140-142 

B.S. C. E. Curriculum 112 

B.S. Ch. E. Curriculum 115 

B.S. E. E. Curriculum 113 

B.S. M. E. Curriculum 114 

Breeding 83, 87 

Breeds of Animals 83 

Buckman Act 15 

Buildings 18, 82 

Bureau, Teachers' Employment 157 

Cadet Officers 12 

Calendar, University 3 

Canning Clubs 104 

Camps, Summer 63 

Campus 18 

Carpentry 122 

Carving, Wood 122 

C. E 110 

Certificates 36, 89, 148, 152, 159, 160, 162 

Ch. E 110 

Changes in Studies 27 

Charges, University 31 

Chemical Engineering 122 

Chemistry 42, 55, 56, 123, 155 

Child Study 145 

Choice of Studies 27 

Cholera, Hog 107 

Citrus, Culture, etc 86, 87 

City Agents 99 

Civics 154 

Civil Engineering 11 6 

Civil Government 149 

Classes, Assignment to 26 

Classics (See English) 38, 151, 152, 153 

Classification (of Students) 29 

Clinics 85 

Clothing 33, 63 

Clubs 29, 30, 35, 77, 103-105, 110, 128 

Co-educational (See University Summer School.) 

College ofAgriculture 19, 37, 73 

College of Arts and Sciences 37, 46 

College of Engineering 37, 109 

College of Law 19, 37, 126 

College, Teachers 37, 138, 139 

Combined Academic and Law Course 48, 129 

Commercial Correspondence, Spanish 66 

Committees of the Faculty, Standing 11 

Commutation of Subsistence 33, 63 

Composition (See English) 38, 149, 151, 152, 153 

Conditions 27 

Conduct 26, 68 

Contracts 118. 131 

Control, Board of 4, 17, 25 

Cooperative Demonstration, Farmers' 100 

Corn Clubs 103 

Correspondence Courses, etc 93, 157 

Council, University 4, 25 



INDEX 187 

Page 

County Agents 97, 99, 102 

County Certificates, Teachers' 148, 159 

Counties, Attendance by 184 

Courts, Practice 127 

Credit towards Degrees, etc 159 

Credits for Practical Work 79, 138 

Crops 80 

Curricula..47, 49, 78, 89, 91, 110, 111, 124, 130, 140, 147, 148, 150, 152, 156 

Cytology 54 

Dairying 75, 83, 84 

Damage Fee 31 

Deans 4, 25 

Debating Society, Marshall 128 

Deciduous Fruits 87 

Deficiencies 38 

Degrees 28, 44, 47, 48, 78, 110, 129, 139, 161 

Delinquencies 26 

Democracy 71 

Demonstration Agents 97, 99, 102, 103 

Demonstration Work, Cooperative 100 

Descriptive Geometry 121 

Design, Machine 121, 122 

Diagnosis, Educational 143 

Diplomacy 72 

Diseases 85, 87 

Dissertation 45 

Donations (See Gifts) 78 

Dormitories 18 

Drainage 82 

Drawing 119, 121 

Earning Expenses, Opportunities for 33 

Economics 58, 59, 71 

Education 140, 144, 150, 153 

Education, Agricultural 82, 111 

Education, Physical 68 

Education, Secondary 13, 145 

Education, State Board of 4, 17 

Education, Vocational 132, 142, 146 

Educational Diagnosis, etc 146 

E. E 110 

Electives 38, 47, 139 

Electrical Engineering 118 

Eligibility to Athletic Teams, etc 30 

Embryology 54 

Employment Bureau, Teachers' 157 

Engineering, Agricultural 75, 81 

Engineering Chemistry 123 

Engineering, College of 37, 109 

Engineering Exposition 58 

Engineering Society, Benton 110 

Engines 120 

English 38, 149, 150, 151, 153 

English Language and Literature 53 

Entomology 53 

Entrance Requirements (See Admission.) 

Equipment 18, 74, 76 

Ethics 67 

Evolution 54, 70, 87 

Examinations 28, 36, 127 

Excused from Military Duty 61 

Expenses (See Fees) 31, 32, 33, 92, 129, 159 



188 UNIVERSITY OF FLORIDA 

Page 

Experience Required, Practical 79, 139 

Experiment Station, Agricultural 15, 17, 18, 95 

Exposition, Engineering 58 

Expression 58 

Extension of Teachers' Certificates 159 

Extension, University 97 

Extra Studies 27 

Faculty 5, 25, 46, 73, 109, 124, 126, 138, 157, 158 

Failure in Studies 28 

Fairs 7& 

Farm Buildings, etc 79, 82 

Farm Machinery 81 

Farm Management 81 

Farmers' Cooperative Demonstration Work 100 

Farmers' Institutes 105 

Farmers' Ten-Day Courses 92, 181 

Farming, Graduate in 89 

Farms 74 

Feeding, Animal 83 

Fees 27, 31, 58, 66, 92, 94, 148, 158, 159 

Fellowships 33, 138 

Fertilizers 80, 81 

Field Crops 80 

Finance 60 

Finances (Student Organizations) 30 

First Aid to Injured 69 

Floriculture 86 

Florida History 149 

Forage Crops 80 

Foreign Countries, Attendance From 183 

Forestry 87 

Forge 24, 122 

Foundry 122 

French 41, 42, 65, 153 

Fruits 87 

Furniture 32 

Furniture Construction 122 

Gardening, Landscape 87 

Gas Engines 120 

Gears, Valve 120 

Genetics 54, 67 

Geography 42, 144, 149, 151 

Geology 53, 54, 55 

Geometry .41, 121 

German 41, 121 

Gifts 13, 77, 78 

Girls' Clubs 104, 105 

Glee Club 35 

Government 71, 149 

Government of the University 25 

Grades 28 

Graduate in Farming 89 

Graduate School 44 

Grammar 38, 144, 149, 151 

Graphic Statics 117 

Grasses 80, 87 

Greek 51 

Grounds 18 

Groups 47, 16a 

Gymnasium 19 

Gymnastics 68 



INDEX 189 

Page 
Halls (See Buildings.) 

Hazing 26 

Heat Engines 120 

High-School Inspection, State 157 

High-School, Practice 156 

High-School Problems 146 

Highway Engineering 118 

Histology 54 

History 41, 58, 59, 144, 149, 150, 151, 154 

History of Education 145 

History of the University 14 

Hog Cholera 107 

Home Demonstration Agents 99, 102 

Homes, Work in 105 

Honors 30, 162 

Horticulture 75, 86, 151 

Husbandry, Animal 75, 82 

Hydraulics 117 

Hygiene 53, 146, 149 

Income 17 

Industrial Teachers 146 

Industries, Trades and, Curriculum 142 

Infirmary 31 

Injured, First Aid to 69 

Insects, Citrus 87 

Inspection, State High-School 157 

Institutes, Farmers', etc 105, 106 

International Law 72, 136 

Irregular Students 29 

Irrigation 82 

J. D 129 

Journalism, Agricultural 85 

Kinematics of Machinery 120 

Laboratories 21, 74, 76, 139 

Laboratory Fee 31 

Labor Problems 60 

Landscape Gardening 87 

Latin 41, 50, 154 

Law, College of 19, 37, 126 

Law Course, Combined Academic and 48, 129 

Law, International 72, 136 

Law, Rural 81 

Lecturers, Special 73 

Legumes 80 

Library 20, 74, 127, 138 

Library Work 82 

Livestock 76 

Literary Societies 47 

Literature, English 40, 56 

LL.B. Curriculum 129, 130 

Loan Fund 33, 34, 77 

Loans 78 

Location ....14, 17, 95 

Lodging 31, 32 

Logic 67 

M.A. (M.S.) ;..;..;;;. 44 

Machine Design, etc 121, 122 

Machinery, Farm ' 81 

Machinery, Kinematics of 120 

Management, (Farm) 81; (School) IBlj 153 

Mandolin Club (See Music) 29 



190 UNIVERSITY OF FLORIDA 

Paget 

Manual Training (See Mechanic Arts) 154 

Marshall Debating Society 128 

Materials, Strength of 120 

Mathematics 40, 60, 151, 154 

M. E 110 

Mechanic Arts 18, 119, 122 

Mechanical Drawing 121 

Mechanical Engineering 23, 114, 119, 120 

Mechanical Technology 123 

Mechanics 120 

Mechanism 120 

Medals 30, 162 

Medicine (See Pre-Medical Course.) 

Meetings 94, 95, 103, 106 

Methods 82, 144, 146, 153 

Middle Course in Agriculture 88 

Military Organization 12 

Military Science and Tactics 61, 65 

Milk Inspection, etc 76, 84 

Modern Languages 41, 65 

Money 60 

Morphology 88 

Motors, Farm 81 

Municipal Engineering 117 

Museum 21 

Music 29, 66 

Normal School 138, 148 

Nutrition, Animal 83 

Offenses Against Good Conduct 26 

Officer in Charge 25 

Officers, Cadet 12 

Officers of the University 5 

Opportunities for Earning Expenses 33 

Oratory (See Public Speaking). 

Orchestra 35 

Organization 43, 102, 139 

Organizations, Student, etc 35 

Orthography 149 

Pathology, Plant 54 

Patternmaking 122 

Peabody Club 139 

Peanut Clubs 104 

Pedagogy (See Education) 149, 153 

Phi Kappa Phi 30, 162 

Philology 66 

Philosophy 66 

Philosophy of Education 145 

Physical Chemistry 56 

Physical Education 68 

Physics 42, 69, 155 

Physiology 53, 54, 151 

Pig Clubs 104 

Plant Anatomy 54 

Plant Breeding, etc 86, 87 

Plant Pathology, etc 54 

Political Science 70, 71 

Poultry Culture, etc 76, 84, 102, 104 

Practical Work, Credits for 79, 138 

Practice Courts 127 

Practice High School 156 

Practice Teaching 145 



INDEX 191 

Page 

Pre-Medical Course 48, 49 

President 4, 25 

Principles of Education (Instruction) 145 

Prizes (See Honors and Medals) 30, 31 

Professional Course, Teachers College 150 

Projections 121 

Property, Value of University 20 

Psychology 67, 68, 71, 144 

Public Speaking 58 

Publications 35, 36, 97, 108 

Quantity of Work 27 

Race Problems 71 

Railroads 117 

Reading 144, 149, 150 

Re-examinations 28 

Register 161 

Regulations 25, 26, 158 

Related Subjects 142, 143, 146 

Remittances 33 

Remunerative Labor 79, 138 

Reports 28 

Reserve Officers' Training Corps 62 

Resources (See Income.) 

Restrictions (for High-School Pupils) 155 

Review Courses 148 

Reviews and Methods 144, 153 

Rhetoric 38, 56, 153 

Roll of Students 163 

Rural Law, etc 71, 81 

Rural Problems 151 

S. A. T. C 17 

Schedules 29 

Scholarships _. 13, 31, 33, 34, 77 

School Administration 144 

School, Army 16, 124 

School, Correspondence 157 

Schools for Demonstration Agents 103 

School, Graduate 44 

School Management 151, 153 

School, Normal 138, 148 

School, Practice High 156 

School, University Summer 4, 158, 172 

Science 151, 155 

Sciences, College of Arts and 37, 46 

Secondary Education 13, 145 

Seminar 59, 60, 71, 84 

Seminole 36 

Shops 18, 24 

Short Courses in Agriculture 91, 92 

Smith-Lever Act 101 

Social Science 70 

Societies, Student (See Clubs) 47, 110, 128 

Sociology 70 

Soil Technology, etc 74, 80, 81 

South American Affairs 13 

Southern Literature 57 

Spanish 13, 42, 66, 155 

Speakers (at Institutes) 107 

Speaking, Public 58 

Special Students 28, 29, 126 

Specifications US 



192 UNIVERSITY OF FLORIDA 

Page 

Staff 95, 97, 124 

State Board of Education 4, 17 

State Certificates 139, 147, 148, 152, 159 

State High-School Inspection 157 

Station, Agricultural Experiment 15, 17, 18, 95 

Steam Laboratory 121 

Strength of Materials 120 

Structural Engineering 118 

Student Organizations and Publications 30, 35, 110, 128 

Studies, Regulations Concerning 26, 158 

Subjects of Study 38, 47 

Subsistence, Commutation of 33, 63 

Subtropical Fruits 87 

Summary of Roll of Students .^. 124, 183, 184 

Summer Camps 63 

Summer School, University 4, 158, 172 

Supervision 25 

Surveying 24, 116 

Swimming-Pool 20 

Swine Production 83 

Tactics, Military 61 

Taxation 60 

Teachers' Certificates 139, 147, 148, 150, 152, 159 

Teachers' College 37, 138, 139 

Teachers' Employment Bureau - 157 

Teaching, Methods of (See Methods) 82 

Teaching, Practice 145 

Technology 123 

Telegraph and Telephone Engineering 119 

Title 89 

Trades and Industries, Curriculum 142, 143 

Training Corps, Reserve Officers' 62 

Training, Manual (See Mechanic Arts) 118, 119, 122 

Transportation 60 

Trigonometry 41, 155 

Trucking 86 

Tuition Fees 31 

Turning, Wood 24, 122 

Types of Animals 83 

Uniform 32, 63 

Unit Courses 38 

Units, Entrance 36, 37 

Univei'sity Charges 31 

University Council 4, 25 

University Extension : 97 

University, History of 14 

University, Officers of 5 

University of the State of Florida 15 

University Summer School 4, 158, 172 

Value of University Property 20 

Valve Gears 120 

Veterinary Science 76, 85 

Vocational Education 132, 142, 146 

Weeds 87 

Wireless Telegraphy 119 

Women's Institutes, etc 104, 106 

Wood Work, etc 24, 122 

Y. M. C. A 35 

Zoology 42, 53 



BRING THIS BULLETIN WITH YOU, AS IT CON- 
TAINS YOUR DAILY SCHEDULE. 
YOU WILL NEED IT. 

EXTRA NO. 1 

University Record 

Vol. XIV MAY, 1919 , No. 1 



Fabliehed quarterly by the University of Florida 
Gainesville, Florida 



University of Florida 

GAINESVILLE, FLORIDA 






University Summer School 

(Co-Educational) 

Announcement 
June 16- August 8, 1919 



Entered September 6, 1906, at the Postoffice at Gainesville, Florida, as second-class mall 
matter, under Act of Congress, July 16, 1894 



SUMMER SCHOOL CALENDAR 



Saturday, June 14 — D ormitories open. 
Supper served. 

Monday, June 16 — Registration. 

Monday, June 16 — Opening Exercises in 
Chapel. 9 A.M. 

Tuesday, June 17 — Classes begin. 

Saturday, Aug. 9 — Dormitories close for 
Summer. 

Monday, Aug. 11 — Examination for Pri- 
mary, Special and State Certificates. 



Note — Members of Faculty not engaged in the regis- 
tration of pupils, will be in their classrooms to 
enroll students and to make assignments of 
lessons. 



University of Florida 

GAINESVILLE, FLORIDA 



V. it/ 



University Summer School 

(Co-Educational) 

Announcement 
June 16- August 8, 1919 



SUMMER SCHOOL 



SUMMER SCHOOL BOARD 

STATE SUPERINTENDENT W. N. SHEATS, A.M., LL.D. 

PRESIDENT A. A. MURPHREE, A.M., LL.D. 

PRESIDENT EDWARD CONRADI, A.M., Ph.D. 



FACULTY AND OFFICERS 



A. A. MURPHREE, LL.D., President 
Director of Summer School. 

HARVEY W. COX, Ph.D., Dean, 
Educational Psychology. 

J. N. ANDERSON, Ph.D., 
College Latin and French. 

MISS MARIE ANDERSON, 
Primary Methods. 

E. C. BECK, A.M., 
English Language and Literature. 

F. W. BUCHHOLZ, A.B., 

Latin. 

L. W. BUCHHOLZ, A.M., 
Theory and Practice of Teaching. 

MISS MARGARET BURNEY, A.M., 

Mathematics and Methods. 

W. S. CAWTHON, A.M., 
Higher Mathematics. 

J. M. CHAPMAN, D.O., 
Public Speaking. 

C. L. CROW, Ph.D., 

Spanish Language. 

P. W. FATTIG, M.S., 
Agricultural Education. 

C. G. FISHER, Ph.D., 
Bird Study. 

W. L. FLOYD, M.S., 

Science and Agriculture. 

JOSEPH R. FULK, Ph.D., 
Education. 

J. J. GRIMM, B.S., 

Science. 

J. F. HATCHER, B.S.E., 
Geography. 



Summer School 



W. B. HATHAWAY, A.M., 

Rhetoric. 

P. H. HENSLEY, A.M., 

English and American Literature. 

C. F. HODGE, Ph.D., 

Civic Biology and Nature Study. 

W. M. KEMPER, A.M., 
General History. 

MISS FRANCES KITTRELL, 
Industrial Arts and Public School Music. 

R. G. SAWYER, 

Mamml Arts. 

J. L. McGHEE, Ph.D., 

Chemistry. 

E. W. McMULLEN, A.B., 
English Grammar and Composition. 

W. E. SAWYER, A.M., 

Mathematics. 

A. D. St. AMANT, M.A., 

College History and Economics. 

W. M. TYLER, B.C.S., 
Commercial Subjects and Penmanship. 

GEO. E. WHITE, A.B., 
Y. M. C. A. Secretary and Physical Director for Men. 



Y. W. C. A. Secretary and Physical Director for Women. 

S. L. WOODWARD, A.B., 
History and Civics. 



SPECIAL LECTURERS 

HON. W. N. SHEATS, LL.D. 
C. F. HODGE, Ph.D. 
G. C. FISHER, Ph.D. 
A. F. BISHOP, D.D. 



K. H. GRAHAM, Auditor. 
L. W. BUCHHOLZ, Officer in Charge. 

MRS. W. W. GAY, Dean of Women. 

MISS CORA MILTIMORE, Librarian. 

MISS MARY McROBBIE, In Charge of Infirmary. 

MRS. S. J. SWANSON, In Charge of Dining Hall. 

MRS. MARGARET PEELER, Matron. 



*To be supplied. 



4 University of Florida 

LOCATION OF THE UNIVERSITY 

Gainesville, the seat of the University, a town of 10,000 
inhabitants, possesses numerous advantages. It is centrally- 
located and easy of access, being reached by the leading 
railroads of the State. It has well paved, lighted and 
shaded streets, an exceptional pure water supply and a 
good sewerage system. The citizens are energetic, pro- 
gressive and hospitable. The moral atmosphere is whole- 
some, and for many years the sale of intoxicants has been 
prohibited by law. All the leading denominations have 
attractive places of worship. 

GROUNDS AND BUILDINGS 

The University occupies a tract of six hundred and 
thirteen acres, situated in the western extermity of Gaines- 
ville. Ninety acres of this tract are devoted to the campus, 
drill-ground and athletic fields; one hundred and seventeen 
acres are utilized for the farm of the College of Agricul- 
ture ; the remainder is used by the Agricultural Experiment 
Station. 

Twelve buildings have already been erected. These are, 
in the order of construction : Two dormitories, known as 
"Buckman Hall" and "Thomas Hall"; the Mechanic Arts 
Shop, Science Hall, the Agricultural Experiment Station 
Building, Engineering Hall, the Gymnasium, the Agricul- 
tural College Building, the dining hall or "University Com- 
mons", Language Hall, the "George Peabody Hall", the 
home of the Teachers' College and Normal School, and the 
College of Law. They are lighted with electricity, supplied 
with city water and furnished with modern improvements 
and equipments. 

EXPENSES 

Registration Fee. $ 1.00 

Board and Lodging in Dormitory, per week, 

in advance 5.00 

In advance for term 38.00 

Board without Lodging 4.00 

Meals in Dining Hall .35 

Laboratory Fee in Chemistry 2.50 



Summer School 5 

Students taking manual training will have to pay for 
the material they use. This will not amount to more than 
75 cents. 

Rooms. — Dormitory rooms are supplied with two good 
iron bedsteads and mattresses, chiffonier or bureau, a table, 
washstand and chairs. All students are required to pro- 
vide for themselves a pillow, bed linen, towels and such 
other things as they may want for their own special con- 
venience. 

Two additional dormitories have been built which makes 
it possible to accommodate the men on the campus if they 
so desire. 

Good rooms can be obtained adjacent to the campus at 
$1.25 to $1.50 per week. A numbej:- of rooms in the city 
can be obtained at $1.00 per week. Men desiring to have 
their rooms reserved in advance should write at once. 

Peabody Hall. — Peabody Hall, the home of the Teach- 
ers' College, is a magnificent three-story brick and stone 
structure. It is modern in every respect as to equipment 
and arrangements. It contains all the lecture rooms, society 
halls, reading rooms, laboratories and libraries that a mod- 
ern college of this kind needs. With such facilities at its 
command, nothing can hinder the college from realizing its 
aims. 

Library. — The general library of the University con- 
tains about 18,000 volumes of well-selected books to vdiich 
the Summer School students have free access. The Peda- 
gogical library will be of special interest to them, for it 
contains many books on educational theory, general and 
special methods, history of education, psychology and phil- 
osophy. In the reading room are more than a hundred 
of the best general and technical periodicals. Here also 
are received the leading newspapers of the State. 

Psychological Laboratory. — The new Psychological 
Laboratory is placed in the Peabody Hall. This will give 
teachers a wonderful opportunity to investigate at first 
hand the great laws of the mind. To know these through 
experiment will give the teachers a far greater power to 
direct properly their development of the child. The lab- 



6 University of Florida 

oratory will contain all of the appliances and apparatus 
necessary for thorough and efficient work in experimental 
psychology. 

Educational Research Room. — Room 32, Peabody 
Hall, is set apart for special and graduate students in Edu- 
cation. This room contains exhibits of many lines of school 
work; reports and publications of the U. S. Department of 
Education; samples of school texts; Courses of Study; Re- 
ports of Superintendents; Education catalogues of colleges 
and universities; samples of records and reports, and state 
school laws. The room is especially rich in material, method 
and practical operations of mental and educational measure- 
ments. 

Graduate students working on theses will find this room 
especially helpful and convenient. The equipment is at their 
service, and individual tables and chairs will be provided. 

Teachers' Employment Bureau. — It is the purpose 
of this bureau to keep records of all teachers who have 
attended the University who are fitted by their training 
for the profession of teaching and to recommend them to 
school boards who are in need of efficient principals and 
teachers. Already the demand for our graduates and stu- 
dents is greater than we can supply. County superintend- 
ents and school boards are requested to correspond with 
us when in need of well-trained and efficient teachers. 

Federal time will be used as the official time for the 
Summer School. 

After the first day of Summer School, chapel will be 
held each day except Saturday at twelve o'clock. 

FOLLOWING COURSES FOR COUNTY CERTIFICATES 

EXPLANATION OF ABBREVIATIONS 
A. H., Agricultural Hall; S. H., Science Hall; E. H., 
Engineering Hall; P. H., Peabody Hall; L. H., Language 
Hall. Figures denote rooms. 

Agriculture. — A general course in agriculture. This 
will introduce the student to the study of soil, plants, 
common diseases of plants, insects, farm crops, domestic 
animals and such like. Methods of teaching agriculture 




o 



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o 
o 
« 

w 

CM 



Summer School 7 

in the rural schools will be stressed. M. T. 10 :05 A. H. 12. 
Professor Floyd. 

Beginners' Algebra. — Elementary course covering the 
fundamental operations, simple and simultaneous equations, 
factoring and fractions. 

Section 1. M. T. Th. F. 3 :05 L. H. 23. Miss Burney. 

Section 2. M. T. W. F. 9:05 A. H. 13. Professor Mc- 
Mullen. 

Advanced Algebra. — Involution, evolution, quadratic 
equations, progressions, ratio and proportion. 

Section 1. M. T. W. F. 10 :05 P. H. 20. Prof. Sawyer. 

Section 2. M. T. W. F. 4:05 L. H. 23. Miss Burney. 

Arithmetic. — A thoro review of arithmetic is made, 
that the student may view it from both the teacher's and 
child's point of view. Common and decimal fractions, de- 
nominate numbers, percentage, and all other subjects cov- 
ered by the text-books adopted by the State. Principles 
and methods of teaching arithmetic are thoroly gone over. 
Three sections: 

Section 1. M. T. W. F. 10:05 L. H. 23. Miss Burney. 

Section 2. M. T. W. Th. 8 :05 P. H. 21. Professor L. W. 
Buchholz. 

Section 3. T. W. Th. F. 2:05 P. H. 20. Professor 
Sawyer. 

Civil Government. — Special attention will be given to 
local, town and city, and county governments. That prac- 
tical information that every intelligent citizen should have 
is stressed. How to teach the subject. M. T. Th. 3 :05 L. 
H. 25. Professor Woodward. 

English Composition. — Two sections: 

Section 1. M. W. F. 10:05 P. H. 28. Professor Hath- 
away. 

Section 2. T. Th. 4 :05 A. H. 13. Professor McMullen. 

English Grammar. — Two sections: 

Section 1. M. W. F. 3:05 A. H. 13. Professor Mc- 
Mullen. 

Section 2. T. Th. 11 :05 P. H. 28. Professor Hathaway. 

Hygiene. — Special efforts to impress the teacher with 



8 University of Florida 

the importance of hygiene and sanitation. How to keep 
well and physically efficient is the special aim of this course. 
M. W. F. 9 :05 L. H. 25. Professor Woodward. 

Pedagogy. — School management, general and special 
methods of teaching, elementary principles of child nature, 
school hygiene and sanitation, personality of teacher, rela- 
tion of school and community, and other practical peda- 
gogical questions. M. T. W. F. 11 :05 P. H. 25. Professor 
L. W. Buchholz. 

Physical Geography. — The main features of the ordi- 
nary text-book in physical geography will be studied. Along 
with this stress will be placed upon the effects the physical 
features have on man — his commercial and social life. This 
will be correlated with agriculture. M. W. Th. F. 4:05 
P. H. 31. Professor Hatcher. 

Political Geography. — Special attention will be given 
to Florida and its relation to other states. A thoro review 
of the geography of the United States and the world. In- 
structions will be given in the use of text-books, maps, 
globes, industrial products, etc. M. T. Th. 8 :05 P. H. 31. 
Professor Hatcher. 

Commercial Geography. — This course will include all 
the important features of political geography and in addi- 
tion a careful study will be made of commerce and indus- 
tries in their relation to geography. M. W. F. 9 :05 P. H. 20. 
Professor Hatcher. 

Orthography. — The spelling of common words will be 
stressed. Correct spelling in all forms of written work 
demanded. How best to teach spelling. M. W. 8:05 A. H. 
13. Professor McMullen. 

Reading. — Practice in reading required each week. 
Teachers are so drilled in reading that they will be able to 
read well to their classes. The methods and principles of 
teaching reading are given. T. Th. 3 :05 L. H. 10. Professor 
Hensley. 

U. S. History. — Two sections, each covering thoro re- 
view of State-adopted text-book. 

Section 1. M. T. Th. F. 4 :05 L. H. 25. Professor Wood- 
ward. 



Summer School 9 

Section 2. T. W. Th. F. 11:05 A. H. 13. Professor 
McMullen. 

Florida History. — Adopted book will be covered. W. 
F. 3 :05 L. H. 25. Professor Woodward. 

For the above courses the State-adopted text-books will 
be used. 

These and all other books for the Summer School may 
be obtained at the University Book Store, Language Hall. 

STATE AND SPECIAL CERTIFICATES 

The following courses of study lead to the State and 
special certificates, and to high school, normal and profes- 
sional credits, which may be applied toward a normal school 
diploma. 

Beginners' Plane Geometry.— M. T. W. F. 8 :05 P. H. 
20. Professor Sawyer. 

Plane Geometry. — Review course. M. T. W. F. 8:05 
L. H. 23. Miss Burney. 

Solid Geometry.— T. W. Th. F. 11 :05 P. H. 21. Profes- 
sor F. W. Buchholz. 

Plane Trigonometry.— M. T. Th. F. 3:05 P. H. 20. 
Professor Sawyer. 

General Science. — A course of methods in general 
science designed especially to meet the needs of high school 
teachers. T. Th. 9:05 P. H. 1. Professor Grimm. 

Physics. — A general course such as is usually given in 
standard secondary schools — lectures, recitations, demon- 
strations, and a limited amount of individual laboratory 
work. M. T. W. Th. 10:05. Laboratory, W. F. 4:05-6:00 
P. H. 1. Professor Grimm. 

First Year Latin. — Section 1. Beginners, M. T. W. 
Th. 9:05 P. H. 28. Professor Hathaway. Section 2. Re- 
view, M. T. W. Th. 4 :05 P. H. 21. Professor F. W. Buch- 
holz. 

Caesar. — In this course three books will be thoroly 
studied. Composition. M. T. W. Th. 3 :05 P. H. 21. Pro- 
fessor F. W. Buchholz. 

Virgil. — Three books of Virgil are read and, in addition, 



10 University of Florida 

prose composition will be given. M. W. Th. F. 8:05 P. H. 
17. Professor F. W. Buchholz. 

Rhetoric. — A general course in composition and rheto- 
ric. M. T. Th. F. 4:05 P. H. 28. Professor Hathaway. 

English Literature. — The history of English Litera- 
ture as outlined by Metcalf's English Literature will be 
given. T. W. Th. F. 2:05 L. H. 10. Professor Hensley. 

American Literature. — Study of American Literature 
as outlined in Metcalf's "American Literature". M. W. Th. 
F. 4:05 L. H. 11. Professor Kemper. 

Methods of Teaching the Elementary Branches. — 
In this course emphasis will be placed upon the proper 
presentation of grammar school subjects. M. T. W. Th. F. 
3:05 P. H. 25. Professor L. W. Buchholz. 

Grammar Grade English. — Methods of teaching Eng- 
lish in grammar grades will be stressed in this course. 
Some time will be given to a discussion of the best English 
productions for these grades. T. Th. F. 3:05 L. H. 11. 
Professor Kemper. 

Psychology. — A beginners' course in psychology with 
applications to teaching. M. T. W. Th. 9:05 P. H. 25. 
Professor Cox. 

Zoology. — In connection with the text-book study, 
typical specimens illustrating the different groups, will be 
dissected and studied in the laboratory, to obtain as com- 
prehensive an idea of their structure and physiology as 
possible. M. T. W. Th. 2 :05 S. H. Botany Room. Professor 
Grimm. 

Botany. — In classroom and laboratory the structure, 
morphology, reproduction and classification will be studied. 
After students have been prepared for them, field trips will 
be taken, when representative types of important families 
will be collected and identified. T. W. Th. F. 3:05 S. H. 
Botany Room. Professor Grimm. 

Chemistry. — Elementary principles of chemistry; text- 
book and laboratory work. Carefully kept note-books re- 
quired. M. T. W. Th. F. 8:05 S. H. Professor McGhee. 
Laboratory M. W. or T. Th. 2 :05-4 :00. 



Summer School 11 

History.— Ancient : M. T. Th. F. 10:05 L. H. 11. Pro- 
fessor Kemper. Medieval and Modern : M. T. W. F. 9 :05 
L. H. 11. Professor Kemper. 

CIVIC BIOLOGY AND NATURE STUDY 

Professor Hodge 

Dr. Hodge has taken for his special problem instruction 
in biological subjects in the public grade and high schools. 
His courses deal with selection and treatment of subject 
matter best suited to each grade of instruction. The aim 
thruout is to develop confidence and resourcefulness of 
teachers so that each shall be able to organize into a practi- 
cal course the materials at hand in the environment of his 
school. Our taxes in "H. C. L.", damages and losses running 
into billions of money and hundreds of thousands of lives 
each year, due to ignorance in these matters, are a measure 
of our need for such instruction. 

Course 1. Nature Study in the Grammar Grades. 
Text: "Nature Study and Life" (Ginn & Co.). By Hodge. 
Daily8:05P. H. 25. 

Course 2. Civic Biology and Problems of the High 
School Course. Text: "Civic Biology" (Ginn & Co). By 
Hodge and Dawson. Daily 10:05 P. H. 25. 

Classroom instruction in both courses will be supple- 
mented by such excursions, for bird, insect, plant and gar- 
den studies, and by such special outdoor problem work as it 
may be possible to arrange for. 

These courses may count for college or normal credit. 

BIRD STUDY 

Dr. Fisher 

Bird Study. — A course in Bird Study, to be conducted 
in cooperation with the National Association of Audubon 
Societies. Work to begin June 16th, 1919, and to continue 
four weeks. Designed for those who wish to know the birds 
and for those who are preparing to teach Nature Study. 
Lectures dealing with the relation of birds to man, bird 
protection and the Audubon Societies, feeding and nesting 
habits, songs, classification, theories and facts of migration. 



12 University of Florida 

books on birds and practical suggestions for bird study in 
schools. Field trips, the object of which will be to learn to 
identify by eye and ear the birds to be found in the vicinity 
during July. Students will learn to use the keys in the 
handbooks so that they may continue this study indepen- 
dently. 

As a part of the field work, special attention will be paid 
to the identification of trees and all kinds of plants which 
are concerned with the life of birds. 

Field or opera glasses will be very useful in this course. 

M. T. Th. Sat. 4:05 S. H. Text-book: "The Bird Study 
Book", by T. Gilbert Pearson, Doubleday, Page & Co. 

PRIMARY WORK 

Miss Marie Anderson 

Newer Type of Primary School. — Course will discuss 
some recent departures from the traditional and will con- 
sider causes for these changes. The course will include 
organization of the primary school curriculum, and a dis- 
cussion of the relationship between the kindergarten and 
primary school. It is planned to meet the needs of teachers 
of the first four grades. Daily 10 :05 E. H. 10. 

Traditional Subjects of the Primary School. — Aims 
and Methods — the rapid transformation in methods of 
teaching the traditional studies will be considered. Type 
lessons illustrating the drill lesson, the application of 
the drill lesson and the lesson for appreciation will be given. 
Daily 11:05 E. H. 10. 

Special Subjects of the Primary School. — Course 
will include a discussion of the special primary subjects in 
the order of their importance ; viz.. Handwork, Games and 
Plays, Nature Study, Literature and Music. Their intrinsic 
educational value, and their importance to the regular sub- 
jects as vital supplementary aids will be emphasized. Em- 
phasis will also be placed on the development of these sub- 
jects as a correlated unit as well as on the individual de- 
velopment and type lessons will be given to illustrate the 
most successful methods in the teaching of these special 
subjects to primary grade pupils. Daily 3:05 E. H. 10. 



Summer School 13 

We consider ourselves fortunate in securing Miss An- 
derson for the primary work. Hon. J. L. McBrien, Rural 
School Extension Agent, of the Bureau of Education, Wash- 
ington, D. C, says of her: "If you want an all-round 
teacher whose education, experience and training fit her to 
teach rural teachers how to teach, as well as to teach town 
and city grade teachers how to teach, there is no better 
person than Miss Marie Anderson, Supervisor Primary Ed- 
ucation, Port Arthur, Texas, that I can name for this work 
in the South. She has had experience an an institute 
teacher. She was for six years in the Gary schools under 
the supervision of Superintendent Wirt of Gary fame. Miss 
Anderson has been establishing this system at Port Arthur, 
Texas, for the past three years. She taught one session at 
the University of Pennsylvania." 

PHYSICAL EDUCATION 

Mr. White 



The courses in Physical Education are designed to meet 
the needs of Primary, Grammar and High School teachers 
and physical directors. They will include formal gym- 
nastics, athletics, gymnastic and singing games, track ath- 
letics, military marching and setting up exercises, artistic 
drills, folk, esthetic and classic dancing. 

Physical Education A. — Plays and games on the lawn 
three evenings a week at 7 p. m. Open to all students. No 
registration is necessary for this course. A play hour is 
conducted on the lawn every evening for recreation of the 
students and the instruction in plays and games suitable 
for adult community life, as well as those of the children. 

Physical Education B. — Elementary Physical Educa- 
tion. Open to all students. Includes work for the grades. 
Daily 4:05. 

Physical Education C. — Advanced Physical Education. 
Open to all students. Includes work for High School and 
College. Daily (hours to be arranged) . 

Physical Education D. — Folk and Esthetic Dancing. 



''To be supplied. 



14 University of Florida 

Includes folk, national, esthetic and classic dancing. Daily 
5:05. 

Physical Education E. — Playground Activities. The 
purposes of this course are to give teachers practical train- 
ing in the supervision of school play, and in the equipment 
of playgrounds; and to teach them thru observation and 
participation, playground activities that may be used, with 
small and large groups of children, in all grades of the 
public schools. The attendance of school children from 
Gainesville and vicinity will provide adequate opportunity 
for playing games and to organize various playground activ- 
ities under actual school conditions. 7 :00 p. m. on campus. 

MUSIC 

Miss Kittrell 

Music Methods, Course 1. — It is the object of this 
course to point out the true place and purpose of public 
school music, and to consider the various good methods of 
teaching music to children in the Primary Grades. Daily 
2 :05 Gymnasium. 

Music Methods, Course 2. — A continuation of course 1. 
Material is examined for the Grammar Grades and High 
School. (Hours to be arranged) Gymnasium. 

drawing and industrial arts 

Miss Kittrell 

PUBLIC SCHOOL ART AND METHODS, GRADES I-IV 

Course 1. — This course includes: Elementary water 
color, crayon and pencil from plants, flowers, vegetables 
and fruit; simple design and its application to some prob- 
lem; elementary color theory; paper cutting and construc- 
tion; action lines; pose drawing; lettering; arrangement 
and poster making. Work for first four grades outlined. 
Model lessons given. Cost and selection of materials dis- 
cussed. Wed. and Sat. 9 :05-ll :00 E. H. 12. 

PUBLIC SCHOOL ART AND METHODS, GRADES V-VIII 

Course 2. — This course includes : Water color, pastello, 
tempera and pencil from plants, flowers and still life ob- 
jects, studied with reference to light and shade ; color the- 



Summer School 15 

ory; simple working drawings; lettering; poster making; 
suitability of dress for different occasions and types of 
people ; application of the principles of Art to home decora- 
tion; bookmaking; appreciation of direction, balance, 
rhythm, proportion and values; study of design and its 
application to some practical problem ; paper cutting ; work 
outlined for the school year ; cost and selection of materials 
discussed. Perspective. Tu. and Fri. 10 :05-12 :00 E. H. 12. 

NOTE. — Other courses in Drawing and Industrial Art may be 
given if the demand is sufficient. 

MANUAL TRAINING 

R. G. Sawyer 

This work is planned to include shop work and me- 
chanical drawing courses suitable to the first year of High 
School. 

Shop Work. — The shop course will consist of bench 
work, machine work and turning. At the bench various 
joints will be laid out and constructed and small pieces 
of furniture made. This will give practice in using hand 
tools, glueing, staining, varnishing, etc. As much practice 
as possible will be given on the different machines, and all 
work will be done from drawings. Shops will be open to 
accommodate classes. 

Mechanical Drawing. — In drawing, sketching and 
lettering will be practiced all through the session, and, if 
possible, considerable work will be given in mechanical 
drawing, consisting largely of accurate working drawings 
in both orthographs and isometric projection and practice 
in tracing and printing. Hours to be arranged. E. H. 2. 

FOLLOWING COURSES FOR COLLEGE AND 
GRADUATE STUDENTS 

The following courses will be offered for those who are 
prepared to take them. Four and one-half year hours, or 
eighteen hours per week, will be the maximum of work 
allowed to college students without special permission. 
While a number of courses are outlined which the profes- 
sors are prepared to give, yet in the nature of the case 



16 University of Florida 

only a limited number can be given. The number and kind 
of course will depend upon the demand. 

AGRICULTURE 

Professor Floyd 

Elements of Agronomy. — The origin, formation, and 
classification of soils ; general methods of soil management, 
and the adaptation of soils to the requirements of plants. 
M. T. W. 11:05 A. H. 12, Th. 4:05-6:00 Field. 

Plant Propagation. — Study and practice in propaga- 
tion by means of division cutting, layering, budding and 
grafting, seed selection, storing and testing, and the fun- 
damental physiological processes. Exercises with common 
fruits, flowers, and shrubs will be given. T. Th. F. 8 :05 
A. H. 12, W. 4:05-6:00 Field. 

Vegetable Growing. — Vegetables adapted to Florida, 
the seasons in which they are grown, cultural methods, 
fertilizing, irrigating, troublesome insects and diseases, 
packing and marketing. W. Th. F. 3:05 A. H. 12 M. 4:05- 
6 :00 Field. 

Fruit Growing. — Varieties of fruits adapted to the 
state, their planting, cultivation, pruning, spraying, trouble- 
some insects and diseases. M. Th. F. 9 :05 A. H. 12 T. 4 :05-- 
6 :00 Orchard. 

CHEMISTRY 

Professor McGhee 

General Chemistry. — A course designed for those who 
wish to prepare for science teaching in the High Schools. 
This course can be taken by those who have never taken 
chemistry before or by those who have had a course and 
wish to review it. M. T. W. Th. F. 8:05 Laboratory, M. T. 
W. Th. 2:05-4:00 S. H. 

Qualitative Analysis. — A laboratory course in this 
subject offered to those who have had general chemistry. 
Laboratory, M. T. W. Th. 2 :05-4 :00 S. H. 

Quantitative Analysis. — A laboratory course offered 
to those who have had qualitative analysis. M. T. W. Th. 
2:05-4:00 S. H. 



Summer School 17 

In either qualitative or quantitative analysis a halt 
course may be taken, instead of a whole course. Credit 
to be given when the course is completed. 

EDUCATION 

Professor Fulk 
Professor L. W. Buchholz 

Child Study. — The nature, growth and development of 
the child from birth to adolescence, with special reference to 
the meaning of these processes to the teacher. Emphasis 
given to the effect of child study on the practices of ele- 
mentary and secondary education. M. T. Th. F. 9 :05 P. H. 
23. Professor Fulk. 

Educational Hygiene. — A study of conditions and 
forces that affect the physical and mental vigor of school 
children and teachers. School sanitation ; common diseases 
and defects of children; the teacher as medical inspector; 
the hygiene of instruction ; the teacher's health ; community 
hygiene. A demonstration clinic will be an important fea- 
ture of this course. Students not registered for the course 
may enter for the clinic. See instructor. M. T. W. F. 
3 :05 P. H. 23. Professor Fulk. 

Play and Recreation. — A study of play and recreation 
especially from the standpoint of the public school, with 
some attention to the leisure time problem and avocational 
training. This course supplements either Child Study or 
Educational Hygiene, but may be taken separately, and for 
graduate credit. W. F. 4:05 P. H. 23. Professor Fulk. 

Current Educational Problems. — Vital problems of 
administration and supervision. As far as possible the 
needs of those who take the course will be met. The re- 
organization of the elementary and secondary school, edu- 
cational surveys, educational measurements, extra-curricula 
activities, the adaptation of the school to the community, 
are representative topics from which studies will be se- 
lected. May be counted for graduate credit. T. Th. 11 :05 
P. H. 23. Professor Fulk. 

Philosophy of Education. — A study of the principles 
of all education, and their influence in determining the ma- 



18 University of Florida 

terials and methods of teaching. The purpose of the course 
is to help form a broad, sound philosophy upon which teach- 
ers may base educational practice. May be taken for gradu- 
ate credit. M. W. Th. F. 8 :05 P. H. 23. Professor Fulk. 

History of Education. — This course has two main pur- 
poses: first, to lead the student to appreciate the present 
educational situation in the light of the past; second, to 
acquaint him with the educational influence of the great 
educational leaders since the time of Rousseau. Daily 10 :05 
P. H. 21. Professor L. W. Buchholz. 

AGRICULTURAL EDUCATION 

Professor Fattig 

Methods in Agricultural Education. — A study of the 
selection, organization and presentation of agricultural sub- 
jects in secondary schools. Time will be given to the prepa- 
ration of an agricultural museum. Daily 9 :05 P. H. 31. One 
field trip each week. 

Vocational Education. — History of the development of 
vocational education in the leading countries of the world; 
principles of vocational education; prevocational education 
and vocational guidance. M. T. Th. F. 10 :05 P. H. 31. 

NOTE. — Special courses will be arranged for the Agricultural 
Teachers coming in for four weeks' work. 

ENGLISH 

Professor Beck 
Professor Hensley 

Advanced College Rhetoric. — Designed to train stu- 
dents in methods of clear and forceful expression. Instruc- 
tion is carried on simultaneously in formal rhetoric, in 
rhetorical analysis, and in theme writing, the constant cor- 
relation of the three methods of approach to the desired 
goal being kept in view. In addition a reading course is 
assigned each student. Daily 10:05. L. H. 10. Professor 
Hensley. 

Shakespeare. — Macbeth and Antony and Cleopatra. 
An intensive study of the two dramas. Some time will be 
spent upon the technique of the Shakespearian drama. If 
time permits, a comparative study of some modern play will 



Summer School 19 

be attempted. Daily written exercises. All students. Daily 
8:05 L. H. 26. Professor Beck. 

Teaching of English. — A course for English teachers 
in high schools. Late methods, concrete laboratory mate- 
riel, modern subject matter, plans, dramatization, discus- 
sion and high school classics. Advanced students. Daily 
9 :05 L. H. 26. Professor Beck. 

The Novel. — Primarily a reading course. Diiferent 
types of novels will be read and discussed. Criticisms and 
magazine reviews. Study of Howell's "Criticism and Fic- 
tion". Some written exercises. The works studied may be 
Austin's "Pride and Prejudice", Meredith's "Ordeal of 
Richard Feverel", Hardy's "Return of the Native", Con- 
rad's "Victory", Tolstoi's "Anna Karenina", Ibanze's "Four 
Horsemen of the Apocalypse". Three hours attendance, 
five hours credit. On request. See instructor. Tu. Th. Sat. 
10 :05 L. H. 26. Professor Beck. 

Browning. — Luria and the shorter poems, including 
"My Last Duchess", "Andrea del Sarto", "Rabbi Ben Ezra". 
The Laboratory. Written exercises. Advanced students. 
M. W. F. 11 :05 L. H. 26. Professor Beck. 

Short Story. — A study of the technique and substance 
of American, English, French, and Russian stories. Some 
attention paid to the magazine story of today. Some prac- 
tice. Advanced students. M. W. F. 2 :05 L. H. 26. Profes- 
sor Beck. 

Advanced Short Story. — A course for those having 
completed last summer's course. Some time will be given 
to the history of the short story. More attention will be 
given to the modern magazines and to writing and market- 
ing stories. On request. See instructor. Tu. Th. 2 :05 L. 
H. 26. Professor Beck. 

Reading. — Lecture once each week on grammar grade 
and junior high school reading. A practical course in 
methods looking to more effective and appreciative teach- 
ing. Socialized recitation, supervised study, study-recita- 
tion, sight reading, vocational reading, silent reading. Mon- 
day (Hours to be arranged). L. H. 26. Professor Beck. 



20 University of Florida 

FRENCH 

Professor Anderson 

French Aa. — Elementary French, first semester's 
course ; pronunciation, grammar, prose composition, reader, 
oral practice. Daily 10:05 L. H. 12. Fraser & Squair's 
Shorter French Course; La Belle France. 

French Ab. — Elementary French, second semester's 
course ; continuation of French Aa : grammar, prose com- 
position, reader, oral practice. Daily 11:05. L. H. 12. 
Fraser & Squair's Shorter French Course ; La Belle France. 
Prerequisite; French Aa or equivalent. 

GEOGRAPHY 

Professor Hatcher 

Advanced Geography. — A study of the political divi- 
sions and physical features of the different continents with 
respect to natural productions ; industries and possible com- 
mercial relations. Central and South American countries 
will be given special attention. The geology and geography 
of Florida will also be studied. Daily 2:05 P. H. 1. 

HISTORY AND ECONOMICS 

Professor St. Amant 

American History and Government. — An advanced 
course on the history of the United States and the develop- 
ment of its institutions. Daily 2 :05 L. H. 11. 

European History. — Eighteenth Century Europe, in- 
cluding the French Revolution and the Napoleonic Period. 
M. T. Th. F. 10:05 L. H. 11. 

Methods of Teaching History. — A study in organiz- 
ing and presenting historical material in secondary schools. 
A wide course of reading will be expected to serve as illus- 
trative material. Tu. Thu. Sat. 11:05 L. H. 11. 

Economic Problems. — An advanced course in those 
problems requiring solution in the near future. A con- 
densed review of economic principles will precede or ac- 
company study of problems. Daily 3:05 L. H. 11. 



Summer School 21 

LATIN 

Professor Anderson 

Latin lb. — Cicero's De Senectute and De Amicitia ; 
Terence's Phormio. Daily (hours to be arranged). L. H. 
12. Prerequisite : three years of High School Latin. 

The Teaching of Latin. — Game's "Teaching High 
School Latin" is used as a basis for informal discussion. 
Saturday 9 :05 L. H. 12. 

MATHEMATICS 

Professor Cawthon 

College Algebra. — Selected topics of algebra that lie 
beyond the high school course. Daily 3 :05 P. H. 17. 

Plane Analytical Geometry. Second Semester's 
Work.— Daily 11:05 P. H. 17. 

Elementary Calculus. — Daily (hours to be arranged) 
P. H. 17. 

note. — Those interested in other advanced courses should cor- 
respond with the instructor. 

SPANISH 

Professor Crow 

Spanish Aa. — Pronunciation, grammar, exercises, con- 
versation, reading of an easy text. Daily 11:05 L. H. 9. 

Spanish Ab. — Continuation of elementary Spanish A. 
Daily except Fri. 3:05 L. H. 9. 

Spanish la. — Syntax, exercises, conversation, reading 
of intermediate texts. Daily except Tues. 8 :05 L. H. 9. 

Spanish Commercial Correspondence. — Introduction 
to business Spanish. Hours (three) to be arranged. L. H. 9. 

South American Affairs. — Introduction to South 
American geography, history, politics. Lecture and read- 
ing course, open subject to consent of instructor. Hours 
(two) to be arranged. L. H. 9. 

NOTE. — All classes scheduled will not be given; those selected 
depending upon the demand. 

COMMERCE 

Professor Tyler 

Courses in Bookkeeping, Shorthand, Typewriting, Com- 
mercial Geography, Commercial Law, and Penmanship will 



22 University of Florida 

be offered, as in the past. All the above will be presented 
with special reference to preparation for teaching. Teach- 
ers completing the eight weeks' course in these subjects 
should experience little difficulty in passing the examina- 
tion for teacher's certificate in same. 

Those desiring to pursue the Commercial subjects with 
a view to making preparation for bookkeeping, clerical or 
secretarial work will find the courses admirably suited to 
their needs. 

A fee of Five Dollars will be charged for each of the 
commercial subjects, except Typewriting. For this sub- 
ject a fee of Ten Dollars will be charged, which will cover 
rental of the typewriter for the session. Hours to be ar- 
ranged. P. H. 18. 

PUBLIC SPEAKING 

Professor Chapman 

Expression and Public Speaking. — In the courses 
offered particular attention will be given to establishing a 
correct method of breathing, to correcting faulty articula- 
tion, and to teaching the principles of interpretation by 
voice, gesture, and facial expression. In these studies spe- 
cial attention will be given to preparing teachers for carry- 
ing on this work in the public schools. 

On account of lack of funds, a small tuition fee is 
charged. Those interested see Professor J. M. Chapman. 

HOME SERVICE WORK IN THE AMERICAN RED CROSS 

A class will be organized and a series of lectures will 
be given by competent men and women in the Home Ser- 
vice Work of the American Red Cross. The demand for 
Red Cross service workers is so great at this time that 
it seems necessary that such a course be given, and it is 
hoped that many will take advantage of this course. 

COMMUNITY HYGIENE 

R. H. Hixson, B.A.; Ph.B. 

Health Work Among School Children. — This course 
is intended to present to teachers a hasty review of health 




^ 



o 

o 
U 

w 
Eh 





Thomas and Buckman Halls, Dormicories 



Summer School 23 

conditions, especially in Florida, in their relationship to the 
welfare of the community and the public schools. The 
course is also planned to give teachers some training in the 
Modern Health Crusade Work, which has already been in- 
troduced in a good many of the schools of Florida, and 
will be introduced in a great many more the coming ses- 
sion. The idea of the Modern Health Crusade is to re- 
enforce the hygiene as taught in the public schools and 
develop on the part of school children health habits in addi- 
tion to a knowledge of the body and its habits. 

The following topics will be discussed : Lessons from 
the War, Community Food Supply and Health, Nature and 
Scope of Modern Health Crusade, and Relation of Modern 
Health Crusade to Tuberculosis and Community Organi- 
zation. 

The above will be a four-weeks course, beginning July 
14, and is provided by the State Anti-Tuberculosis Asso- 
ciation. Hours will be arranged to meet the needs of the 
class. 

SPECIAL LECTURES 

Lectures will be given from time to time by different 
members of the faculty on school libraries and the selec- 
tion, use and care of apparatus for science courses in the 
high schools. 

A series of lectures will be given on mental and physical 
hygiene, and sanitation. 

The State High School Inspector will give several lec- 
tures on high school administration, with special reference 
to Florida high schools. 

The State Superintendent has promised to give a series 
of lectures on the Florida school situation. 

Dr. George Clyde Fisher, Associate Curator, American 
Museum of Natural History, will give a series of popular, 
illustrated lectures, among which will be: "Birds in Their 
Relation to Field, Forest and Garden"; "Wild Animals 
Near Home" ; "With John Burroughs at Slabsides" ; "Wild 
Flowers of Summer" ; "Bird Neighbors and Their Homes". 



24 University of Florida 

Dr. C. F. Hodge, the noted Naturalist, will be with us 
for the entire session, and give several popular lectures. 

The University has ample equipment to provide games 
and recreational activities for the whole student body. 
Among the various games will be found : baseball ; indoor 
baseball; basket ball; volley ball; cage-ball; tennis (4 
courts) ; boxing and quoits. In addition to this, the swim- 
ming pool and new gymnasium will be available. 

Miss Kittrell will be with us again to lead our Twilight 
Sings, and we are planning to have a first class story teller 
for the Story Hour. 

The Y. M. C. A. has a fine moving picture machine, and 
a large number of educational and travel films have been 
secured, as well as some of the finest feature films in the 
country. 

REGULATIONS 

When credit or extension certificates is desired the 
following regulations established by the Summer School 
Board must be followed: 

1. No teacher shall be allowed to take more than 
twenty hours per week of purely academic subjects. 

2. No teacher shall take less than five hours per week 
of professional work. 

3. The maximum hours per week, including profes- 
sional, vocational and academic subjects, shall in no case 
exceed twenty-seven hours per week. Two laboratory hours 
to be counted as one hour of academic work. 

4. No teacher shall take less than fifteen hours per 
week without special permission. 

5. An extra fee of one dollar will be charged for any 
change of registration after the first week. 

It is hoped that all teachers will recognize the wisdom 
of the above regulations. To fulfill its highest mission the 
Summer School should not be utilized merely for the pur- 
pose of "cramming" for examinations. 

Attention is directed to the following section of the 
Summer School Act: 



Summer School 25 

extension of teachers' certificates 

Section 6 of a recent Act of the Legislature provides 
that: 

"All teachers attending any of the Summer Schools 
herein created and whose work entitles them to credit 
therefor, upon making proof of the same to the State Super- 
intendent of Public Instruction, are hereby entitled to one 
year's extension on any Florida teacher's certificate they 
may hold and which has not fully expired, and such certifi- 
cate may be extended one year for each succeeding session 
attended by the said teacher." 

Under this section of the law, no certificate of credit 
making proof of the work done will be granted by the State 
Superintendent and the Presidents of the Summer Schools, 
except to those teachers who attend the full term and 
whose work shall be satisfactory to the faculty concerned. 

CREDIT TOWARDS NORMAL SCHOOL AND COLLEGE DEGREES 

Section 5 of Summer School Act is as follows : 
"All work conducted at the said Summer Schools shall 
be of such character as to entitle the students doing the 
same to collegiate, normal or professional credit therefor, 
and may be applied towards making a degree." 

ROOMS 

All who expect to occupy dormitory rooms, which in 
every case are comfortable and commodious, should make 
reservations as soon as possible. 

For room reservations and general information as to 
the Summer School, address 

H. W. Cox, 
Dean of Teachers' College, 

Gainesville, Fla. 



University of Florida 

Gainesville, Florida 



Normal School and Teachers' College 

Review Courses 

A One-Year Course 

A Two- Year Elementary Professional Course 

Regular Four- Year Normal Course 

Course Leading to an A. B. Degree in Education 

Course Leading to a B.S. Degree in Education 

The Summer School 



For information write, 
A. A. MURPHREE, President 
or 
H. W. COX, Dean 



EXTRA NO. 2 

University Record 



Vol. XIV MAY, 1919 No. 1 



Published Quarterly by the University of Florida 
bainesvlUe, Florida 



UNIVERSITY OF FLORIDA 

College of Law 

GAINESVILLE 




ELEVENTH 

ANNUAL ANNOUNCEMENT 

1919-1920 



Entered September 6, 1906, at the PostofEice at Gainesville, Florida, as second 
class mair matter, under Act of Congress, July 16, 1894 



UNIVERSITY OF FLORIDA 

College of Law 



GAINESVILLE 




ELEVENTH 



ANNUAL ANNOUNCEMENT 



1919-1920 



THE 

UNIVERSITY OF FLORIDA 

GAINESVILLE 



Supported by the State and Federal Government for the 
Liberal and Professional Education of Young Men 

A State University of High Standards, Ranking with the Largest 
and Best Universities of the North and East. 

Stands for the Highest Moral, Intellectual, and Physical Development 
of the Nation's Future Citizens. 

ORGANIZATION 

1. The College of Arts and Sciences offers excellent advantages for 
a liberal education and confers the degrees of B.A. and B.S. 

2. The College of Agriculture provides superior advantages for in- 
struction and training in various branches of agriculture, and confers 
the degree of B.S.A. — many short courses offered. 

3. The College of Engineering affords the very best technological 
training in chemical, civil, electrical, and mechanical engineering, leading 
to appropriate Bachelor's degrees in engineering. 

4. The College of haw — the best in the country for future prac- 
titioners of Florida. The degrees of LL.B. and J.D. are conferred. Grad- 
uates are admitted to the bar without further examination. 

5. The Teachers' College confers the degrees of B.S. and B.A. in 
philosophy and education and provides normal training for those desiring 
to enter any department of the public school service. State certificates 
are granted to Normal School and Teachers' College graduates without 
further examination. The leading teachers' college in this territory. 
$40,000 gift from the Peabody Board for the building occupied by this 
college. 

6. The Graduate School offers courses leading to the degrees of 
Master of Arts and Master of Science. 

7. The Agricultural Experiment Station. 

8. The University Extension Division. 

For catalogue or further information address 

A. A. MURPHREE, LL.D., President, 
University of Florida, Gainesville, Fla. 



UNIVERSITY CALENDAR 

1919-1920 

1919 — June 16, Monday Summer School begins. 

August 1, Friday Summer School ends. 

September 22, Monday Summer Recess ends. 

Examination for Admission. 
Registration of Students. 

Septembr 23, Tuesday First Semester begins. 

September 30, Tuesday Stockmen's Institute begins. 

October 4, Saturday, 1 :30 p. m Re-examinations. 

2:30 p. m Meeting of General Faculty. 

October 6, Monday School for County Demon- 
stration Agents begins. 

October 14, Tuesday Citrus Seminar begins. 

November 27, Thursday Thanksgiving Holiday. 

December 1, Monday Boys' Club Week begins. 

December 19, Friday, 11:30 a. m Christmas Recess begins. 

1920 — January 3, Saturday Christmas Recess ends. 

January 5, Monday, 8:00 a. m Resumption of Classes. 

Review Courses for Teachers 
begin. 
January 6, Tuesday Ten-Day Courses for Farm- 
ers begin. 

February 7, Saturday First Semester ends. 

February 9, Monday Second Semester begins. 

February 21, Saturday, 2:30 p. m Meeting of General Faculty. 

March 6, Saturday, 1 :30 p. m Re-examinations. 

June 5, Saturday, 2:30 p. m Meeting of General Faculty. 

June 6 to 8 Commencement Exercises. 

June 6, Sunday Baccalaureate Sermon. 

June 7, Monday .Oratorical Contests. 

Annual Alumni Meeting. 
Class-Day Exercises. 

June 8, Tuesday .Graduating Day. 

June 9, Wednesday Summer Recess begins. 

June 14, Monday Summer School begins. 



University of Florida 



BOARD OF CONTROL 

J. B. Hodges, Chairman Attorney-at-Law, Lake City 

E. L. Wartmann Planter and Stock Raiser, Citra 

J. T. Diamond Prin. Dist. Agr. School, Gonzalez 

J. B. Sutton Attorney-at-Law, Tampa 

H. B. Minium President, U. S. Trust Co., Jacksonville 

Bryan Mack, Secretary to the Board Tallahassee 



STATE BOARD OF EDUCATION 

Sydney J. Catts, Chairman Governor 

H. Clay Crawford Secretary of State 

J. C. LUNING State Treasurer 

Van C. Swearingen Attorney-General 

W. N. Sheats, Secretary State Superintendent of Public Instruction 



UNIVERSITY COUNCIL 

Albert A. Murphree, LL.D President of the University 

Jas. M. Farr, Ph.D Vice-President of the University 

Jas. N. Anderson, Ph.D Dean of the College of Arts and Sciences 

P. H. Rolfs, M.S Dean of the College of Agriculture 

Director of the Agricultural Experiment Station 

J. R. Benton, Ph.D Dean of the College of Engineering 

Harry R. Trusler, LL.B Dean of the College of Law 

Harvey W. Cox, Ph.D Dean of the Teachers College 



SUMMER SCHOOL BOARD 

W. N. Sheats, LL.D State Superintendent of Public Instruction 

A. A. Murphree, LL.D President University of Florida 

Edward Conradi, Ph.D President State College for Women 



College of Law 



RESIDENT FACULTY 

ALBERT ALEXANDER MURPHREE, A.M., LL.D., 

' P7-esident of the University. 

HARRY RAYMOND TRUSLER, A.M., LL.B. (Michigan), 
Dean and Professor of Law. 

CLIFFORD WALDORF CRANDALL, B.S., LL.B. (Michigan), 
Professor of Laiv. 

ROBERT SPRATT COCKRELL, M.A., B.L. (Virginia), 
Professor of Law. 

JOHN HOWARD MOORE, A.B., J.D. (Chicago), 

Professor of Law. 

JAMES MADISON CHAPMAN, D.O., 
Professor of Public Speaking. 

ALFRED LEO BUSER, A.B. (Wisconsin), 
Professor of Physical Education. 

AGATHA FREEMAN WALSH, 
Librarian and Secretary to the Dean. 



University of Florida 



FACULTY ANNOUNCEMENT 

The acceptance by Judge Robert S. Cockrell of appoint- 
ment as a full-time professor of law is an event of great sig- 
nificance to those seeking a legal education or interested in 
the upbuilding of the bench and bar. This distinguished 
jurist needs no introduction to Floridians. He holds the 
degrees of B.A., M.A., and B.L. from the University of Vir- 
ginia, and is a member of the Phi Beta Kappa chapter thereof. 
In 1891 he was admitted to the Florida bar and was engaged 
in active practice in Jacksonville for eleven years. December 
1, 1902, he accepted appointment to the Supreme Bench and 
for fourteen years he has served as a justice of the Supreme 
Court of Florida. He is at present a member of the widely- 
known law firm of Cockrell and Cockrell of Jacksonville, and 
state counsel for the Alien Property Custodian. Judge Cock- 
rell will teach practical subjects, where his extensive experi- 
ence and ripe scholarship will be used most fully in the educa- 
tion of the future lawyers and judges of this and other states. 
The College takes a pardonable pride in availing itself of 
his peculiarly apt and superior abilities. 

VALUE OF LEGAL EDUCATION 

"Three classes of men should read Law," said Blackstone, 
"the lawyer for his profession, the business man for business 
reasons, and every man for increased efficiency and his own 
protection." Viewed either from the standpoint of personal 
culture, business proficiency, preparation for the legal pro- 
fession, or entrance to a public career, the study of law is pro- 
ductive of high returns. 

PURPOSE 

It is the purpose of the College to impart a thoro, scientific, 
and practical knowledge of the law, and thus to equip its 
students to take advantage of the splendid opportunities the 
present readjustments in business and social life are creating. 
It aims to develop keen, efficient lawyers, conversant with the 
ideals and traditions of the profession. Its policy is character- 
ized by the emphasis of practice as well as theory; pleading 
as well as historical perspective ; skill in brief making as well 
as legal information. 



College of Law 7 

EQUIPMENT 

Building. — This splendid structure is one hundred seventy- 
two feet long, seventy feet wide, and two and one-half stories 
high. It contains a large, well-lighted library, furnished with 
bookstacks, library tables, librarian's office, and consultation 
rooms for students and faculty. It has three commodious 
lecture-rooms, together with the offices of administration, and 
the offices of the several resident professors. It contains, 
also, an elegant courtroom and auditorium, handsomely fin- 
ished in panel work. The courtroom has all the usual acces- 
sories, jury box, witness stand, judge's office, and jury room, 
and is connected with the library below by a circular stairway. 
Every interest of the College has been provided for, including 
attractive quarters for the Marshall Debating Society. The 
building is steam-heated, lighted by electricity, and equipped 
thruout with a superior grade of furniture. It is devoted 
exclusively to the uses of the College of Law and furnishes 
accommodations as comfortable and as convenient as can be 
found in the country. 

Library. — The Law Library contains all the published 
reports of the courts of last resort of every State in the Union 
and of the Federal Courts, the full English Reprints, the Eng- 
lish Law Reports, the reports of the Interstate Commerce 
Commission and the Land Decisions of the Department of 
the Interior besides an excellent collection of digests, encyclo- 
pedias, series of selected cases, treatises and text books, both 
English and American. The Library also contains the Stat- 
utes of several of the States besides those of the Federal Gov- 
ernment, and is a subscriber to the leading legal periodicals. 
A course of instruction is given in legal bibliography and the 
use of law books. Every facility also is offered law students 
to make use of the General Library, in which are included 
works of interest and information to the lawyer. 

Both the Law and General Libraries are open during the 
academic year on every secular day between the hours of 8:00 
A. M. and 10 :00 P. M. and are in charge of trained librarians, 
who will render such aid as the students may need in their use 
of the books. 

Gymnasium. — A brick and stone structure of two stories 
and basement, one hundred and six feet long and fifty-three 
wide, built within the last year. It is steam-heated, supplied 



8 University of Florida 

with hot water, and well-lighted and ventilated. A gallery 
around the main floor provides space for spectators at gym- 
nastic exhibitions. The basement contains lockers, shower- 
baths and toilets. Adjacent is a swimming-pool, thirty-six 
feet long and twenty-four feet wide, and from four and one- 
half to seven feet deep. Organized classes are conducted by 
the Professor of Physical Culture. 

Fleming Field. — A large and well-kept athletic field 
equipped for the various outdoor games and sports which in 
this climate are carried on the year round. In 1919 this 
field was used by the New York Giants for their spring 
training. 

ATTENDANCE 

Notwithstanding the fact that the war seriously inter- 
fered last year with the attendance of law students thruout 
the country, causing at least fourteen resident law schools 
to close their doors, this College enrolled sixty-four students. 
Most of them were members of the S. A. T. C. here. The 
superior three-year course of this College, which has been 
approved by the Board of Regents of the University of the 
State of New York, was recognized also by the War Depart- 
ment, which allowed S. A. T. C. students to take eleven hours 
of regular law work here in addition to their prescribed 
military drill and other war studies. 

ADMISSION 

Requirements for Admission. — Graduates and matricu- 
lates of colleges and universities and applicants who have 
completed a high-school course of four years will, upon pre- 
sentation of proper credentials to that effect, be admitted to 
the College as candidates for a degree. Other applicants for 
admission as regular students will be required to pass an 
entrance examination. No applicant under eighteen years of 
age will be admitted. 

The four-year high-school course required for admission 
must consist of sixteen units (fifteen units as defined by the 
Carnegie Foundation or the National Educational Associa- 
tion). A unit represents a course of study pursued thruout 
the school year with five recitation periods of at least forty- 
five minutes each per week, four courses being taken during 
each of the four years. 



College of Law 9 

Eight units are prescribed; viz.: English 3; Mathematics 
3 ; History 1 ; Science 1. The remaining units may be chosen 
from the following electives : Botany 1/2 or 1 ; Chemistry 1 ; 
English 1 ; Latin 4 ; History 2 ; Mathematics 1 ; Modern 
Languages (French, German, or Spanish) 2; Physical Geog- 
raphy 1 ; Physics 1 ; Zoology 14 or 1 1 vocational subjects 
(Typewriting, Stenography, Mechanic Arts, Agriculture, 
etc.) 4. 

Candidates presenting fourteen units will be admitted pro- 
visionally, but the deficiency must be removed by the be- 
ginning of the Senior year. Further particulars, in cases of 
doubt, may be obtained by communicating with the Dean of 
this College. 

Certificates of scholastic record signed by the principal of 
the school attended must be presented by all those who do 
not enter by examination. Blank forms, conveniently ar- 
ranged for the desired data, will be sent upon application. 

Special Students. — Persons over twenty-one years of 
age who are not able to qualify as regular students may be 
admitted as special students upon presenting satisfactory evi- 
dence that they have received such training as will enable 
them to make profitable use of the opportunities offered in 
the College. 

Advanced Standing. — No work in law done in other in- 
stitutions will be accepted towards a degree, unless the appli- 
cant passes satisfactorily the examinations held in the sub- 
jects in question in this College, or unless, by special vote of 
the Faculty, credit is given without examination. In no case 
will credit be given for work not done in residence at an 
approved law school. 

EXPENSES 

A tuition fee of $20.00 per semester, payable in advance, 
is charged all law students, except those taking less than 
eleven hours of work, who are charged a proportional part 
of the full tuition. The actual University charges to a law 
student (including board and lodging, fees and tuition, but 
not including books or damage deposits) are $198.00. The 
damage deposit of $5.00, less whatever may be deducted there- 
from for injuries to University property, is returned at the 
end of the scholastic year. For the first two years of the 



10 University of Florida 

course the required law books new will cost about $41.00 
each year; and for the Senior year, about $51.00. Students 
should also provide themselves with the Statutes of their State 
and a law dictionary. Many of these books, however, will 
form a nucleus for the student's future library; and by the 
purchase of second-hand books their cost may be materially 
reduced. 

UNIVERSITY PRIVILEGES 

Electives in Other Colleges. — The advantages of the 
other colleges of the University are open to such students in 
the College of Law as desire and are able to accept them. 
Courses in Constitutional and Political History, Political 
Economy, Sociology, Psychology, Logic, Rhetoric and English 
Composition are particularly recommended. No extra charge 
will be made for such courses, but they can be taken only with 
the consent of the Law Faculty and of the professors con- 
cerned. 

Military Science and Tactics. — ^The University has an 
Infantry Unit, Senior Division of the Reserve Officers' Train- 
ing Corps, to membership in which law students are eligible. 
They are not required, however, to join this organization or 
to take any other military drill. 

PUBLIC SPEAKING AND DEBATING 

Instruction. — Regular classes in oratory and public 
speaking are organized and conducted by the professor of 
public speaking. A small tuition is charged. 

Marshall Debating Society. — Early in the first year of 
the College the students organized a society that would secure 
to its members practice in debating and public speaking and 
experience in arguing legal questions, as well as drill in parlia- 
mentary law. The society was fittingly named 'The Marshall 
Debating Society", in honor of the distinguished Southern 
jurist, John Marshall. 

DEGREES 

Bachelor of Laws. — The degree of Bachelor of Laws 
(LL.B.) is conferred upon those students who satisfactorily 
complete the courses of study. Students admitted to ad- 
vanced standing may, if they do satisfactorily the work pre- 
scribed, receive the degree after one year's residence, but 



College of Law 11 

in no case will the degree be granted unless the candidate is in 
actual residence during all of the third year. 

Juris Doctor. — Students who have complied with all the 
requirements for the degree of Bachelor of Laws (LL.B.), 
who have maintained an average standing in their law studies 
of 10% above the passing mark, and who have obtained the 
degree of A.B., or an equivalent degree, from an approved 
College or University, or who secure such degree the same 
year they complete their law course, will be awarded the 
degree of Juris Doctor (J.D.). 

Combined Academic and Law Course. — By pursuing an 
approved course of collegiate and law studies a student may 
earn both the academic and the legal degree in six years. 
Candidates for either the A.B. or the B.S. degree may elect 
twelve hours of work from the first year of the course of the 
College of Law and count the same as credits toward the 
aforesaid degrees. Such degrees will not be conferred, how- 
ever, until after the completion of the second year of the law 
work. 

Master of Arts. — Candidates for the degree of Master 
of Arts are permitted to take a portion of their work under the 
Faculty of Law. 

ADMISSION TO THE BAR 

Upon presenting their diplomas, duly issued by the proper 
authorities, and upon furnishing satisfactory evidence that 
they are twenty-one years of age and of good moral character, 
the graduates of the College are licensed by the Supreme 
Court, without examination, to practice in the Courts of Flor- 
ida. They also are admitted without examination to the 
United States District Court for the Northern District of 
Florida. 

EXAMINATIONS 

The last week of each semester is devoted to examinations 
covering the work of the semester. These examinations are 
in writing and are rigid and searching, but are not necessarily 
final. 

One delinquent examination is allowed for the removal of 
conditions. All students, unless excused by the Dean,, must 
present themselves for the regular examination in all the 
subjects for which they are registered. 



12 University of Florida 

LECTURES 

In addition to the courses given by the regular Faculty, 
lectures are given each year by eminent specialists in the 
profession, both at the bar and on the bench. The Justices 
of the Supreme Court of the State especially have been gener- 
ous in giving of their time and services in this way. Both 
Faculty and students feel exceedingly grateful to these lec- 
turers for the kindly interest they have manifested in the Col- 
lege and for the resulting uplift and inspiration. 

PLEADING AND PRACTICE 

Courses. — Differing from some other law schools, this 
College is convinced that an intensive knowledge of pleading 
and practice should be secured by the student, since legal 
rights cannot be well understood without a mastery of the 
rules of pleading whereby they are enforced. As Lord Coke 
declared: "Good pleading is the touchstone of the true sense 
and knowledge of the common law." The development of 
right has depended upon the development of actions ; the rule 
of law was the rule of writs and in large measure remains so 
today. Consequently the College offers thoro courses in Crimi- 
nal Pleading and Procedure, Common Law Pleading, Equity 
Pleading, Code Pleading, Florida Civil Practice, General 
Practice, and Federal Procedure. Thus the student on gradu- 
ation is enabled to enter understandingly upon the practice of 
law ; and to this fact the College attributes much of the rapid 
advancement of its Alumni. 

As young men from all parts of the country in increasing 
numbers are attending the University, combining the ad- 
vantages of travel, new associations, and salubrious climate 
with those of the superior educational facilities here afforded, 
the College has arranged to serve those who intend to practice 
elsewhere as efficiently as those who expect to locate in this 
State. Students preparing for the practice in other states are 
offered Code Pleading and General Practice instead of Florida 
Constitutional Law and Florida Civil Practice, as shown in 
the course of study. Such students also are required to sub- 
mit an acceptable dissertation showing the peculiarities of 
pleading and practice of the State in which they expect to 
locate. 

The Practice Court. — Believing that students obtain in 



College of Law 13 

the Practice Court a better practical knowledge of pleading 
and practice than can be acquired in any other way, aside from 
the trial of actual cases, the Faculty lay special emphasis upon 
this work. Sessions of the Practice Court are held thruout 
the year in an admirably equipped courtroom. A clerk and a 
sheriff are appointed from the Senior class, and regular 
records of the court are kept. Each student is required to 
participate in the trial of at least one common law, one equity, 
and one criminal case, and is instructed in appellate pro- 
cedure. The Practice Court is conducted by Judge Cockrell 
and Professor Crandall. 

CURRICULUM 

Due to the irregularity of students caused by the S. A. 
T. C. last year, the subjects unassigned to professors in the 
following curriculum may not be given during the session of 
1919-20, but will be given the following school year. All 
Seniors will be given the work necessary for their graduation, 
and all others will be assigned full work. The texts an- 
nounced are subject to change; but assurance is given that 
few changes will be made. 

FIRST YEAR 

FIRST SEMESTER 

Torts. — History and definitions; elements of torts; con- 
flicting rights ; mental anguish ; parties to tort actions ; reme- 
dies; damages; conflict of laws; methods of discharge; ex- 
haustive study of particular torts — false imprisonment; ma- 
licious prosecution ; abuse of process ; conspiracy ; slander and 
libel; trespass; conversion; deceit; nuisance; negligence; and 
others. Textbooks : Burdick on Torts and Burdick's Cases on 
Torts, 3rd edition. (5 liours. Dean Trusler.) 

Contracts I. — Formation of contract; offer and accept- 
ance; form and consideration; reality of consent; legality of 
object; operation of contract; limits of the contract obligation; 
assignment of contract; joint obligations; interpretation of 
contract. Textbooks: Anson's Law of Contract, Huff cut's 
Edition ; Huff cut and Woodruff's Cases on Contract. (Jf hojirs. 
Professor Moore.) 



14 University of Florida 

Criminal Law. — Sources of criminal law ; nature and 
elements of crime; criminal intent; insanity; intoxication; 
duress ; mistake of fact or law; justification ; parties in crime ; 
offenses against the person, habitation, property, public health 
and morals, public justice and authority, government, and 
the law of nations. Textbook : Clark on Criminal Law ; selected 
cases. (2 hours. Professor Cockrell.) 

Criminal Procedure. — Jurisdiction; arrest; preliminary 
examination and bail; grand jury, indictment and informa- 
tion and their sufficiency in form and substance; arraign- 
ment, pleas, and motions ; nolle prosequi and motions to quash ; 
jeopardy; presence of defendant at the trial; verdict; new 
trial; arrest of judgment; judgment, sentence, and execution. 
Textbook: Clark's Criminal Procedure; selected cases. (2 
hours. Professor Cockrell.) 

Property L — Personal property ; possession and rights 
based thereon ; acquisition of title ; liens and pledges ; conver- 
sion. Textbook: Warren's Cases on Property. (2 hours. 
Professor Crandall.) 

SECOND SEMESTER 

Equity Jurisprudence. — History and definition; jurisdic- 
tion; maxims; accident, mistake, fraud; penalties and for- 
feitures ; priorities and notice ; bona fide purchasers ; estoppel ; 
election; satisfaction and performance; conversion; equitable 
estates, interest, primary rights; trusts; powers, duties, and 
liabilities of trustees ; mortgages ; equitable liens ; assignments ; 
specific performance; injunction; reformation; cancellation; 
cloud on titles; ancillary remedies. Textbook: Eaton on 
Equity; selected cases. (5 hours. Dean Trusler.) 

Contracts II and Quasi Contracts. — Rules relating to 
evidence and construction ; discharge of contract. Origin and 
nature of quasi contract; benefits conferred in misreliance on 
rights or duty, from mistake of law, and on invalid, unenforce- 
able, illegal, or impossible contract; benefits conferred thru 
dutiful intervention in another's affairs; benefits conferred 
under constraint; action for restitution as alternative remedy 
for breach of contract and for tort. Textbooks : Anson's Law 
of Contract, Huff cut's Edition ; Huffcut and Woodruff's Cases 
on Quasi Contracts. (3 hours. Professor Moore.) 

Marriage and Divorce. — Marriage in general; nature of 



College of Law 15 

the relation; capacity of parties; annulment; divorce; suit, 
jurisdiction, grounds; defenses; alimony; effect on property 
rights; custody and support of children; agreements of sepa- 
ration. Textbook: Vernier's Cases on Marriage and Divorce. 
(1 hour. Professor Cockrell.) 

Common Law Pleading. — History and development of the 
personal actions at common law; theory of pleading and its 
peculiar features as developed by the jury trial; demurrers, 
general and special ; pleas in discharge, in excuse, and by way 
of traverse ; replication de injuria; duplicity ; departure ; new 
assignment; motions based on pleadings; general rules of 
pleading. Textbook: Andrews' Stephen's Common Law 
Pleading. (3 hours. Professor Crandall.) 

Sales. — Sale and contract to sell; statute of frauds; ille- 
gality; conditions and warranties; delivery; acceptance and 
receipt; vendor's lien; stoppage in transitu; bills of lading; 
remedies of seller and buyer. Textbook: Burdick on Sales; 
selected cases. (1 hour. Professor Moore.) 

Property IL — Introduction to the law of conveyancing; 
rights incident to the ownership of land, and estates therein, 
including the land itself, air, water, fixtures, emblements, 
waste; profits; easements; licenses; covenants running with 
the land. Textbook: Warren's Cases on Property. (2 hours. 
Professor Crayidall.) 

SECOND YEAR 

FIRST SEMESTER 

United States Constitutional Law. — General prin- 
ciples; distribution of governmental powers; congress; the 
chief executive ; the judiciary; police powers ; eminent domain ; 
checks and balances; guarantee of republican government; 
civil rights; political privileges; guarantee in criminal cases; 
impairment of contractual obligations. Textbook: Hall's 
Cases on Constitutional Law, American Casebook Series. (4. 
hours. Professor .) 

Agency. — Nature of the relation; purposes and manner 
of creation ; who may be principal or agent ; ratification ; dele- 
gation of authority; general and special agents; rights and 
duties of agents; termination, nature, extent, construction, 
and execution of authority of agents ; rights, duties, and liabili- 
ties of agents; principal and third persons inter se; particular 



16 University of Florida 

classes of agents. Textbooks: Mechem's Outlines of Agency 
and Mechem's Cases on Agency. (2 hours. Professor .) 

Equity Pleading. — Nature and object of pleadings in 
equity; parties to a suit in equity; proceedings in a suit in 
equity; bills in equity; disclaimer; demurrers and pleas; 
answer and replication ; preparation of bills, demurrers, pleas, 
answers. Textbooks: Fletcher's Equity Pleading and Prac- 
tice ; Rules of the Circuit Court in Chancery in Florida ; Rules 
of the Federal Court ; Statutes of Florida. (3 hours. Professor 
Cockrell.) 

Brief Making and the Use of Law Books. — Where to 
find the law; how to use statutes and decisions; how to find 
the law; the trial brief; the brief on appeal and its prepara- 
tion. Textbook: Cooley's Brief Making and the Use of Law 
Books. (1 hour. Professor Crandall.) 

Property IIL — Titles and conveyancing, including acqui- 
sition of titles by possession, modes of conveyance at common 
law, under the statute of uses, and by statutory grant; the 
execution of deeds ; estates created ; covenants for titles ; estop- 
pel by deed ; priorities among titles. Textbook : Aigler's Cases 
on Property. (3 hours. Professor Crayidall.) 

Florida Constitutional Law.* — Declaration of rights; 
departments of government; suffrage and eligibility; census 
and apportionment ; counties and cities ; taxation and finance ; 
homestead and exemption; married women's property; edu- 
cation; public institutions; miscellaneous provisions. Text- 
books: Constitution, statutes, and judicial decisions of Florida. 
(2 hours. Dean Trusler.) 

Code Pleading.** — Changes introduced by the codes; 
forms of action ; necessary allegations ; the complaint ; prayer 
for relief ; answers, including general and special denials ; new 
matter; equitable defenses; counter claims; pleading several 
defenses; replies and demurrers. Textbook: Pomeroy's Code 
Remedies. (2 hours. Professor .) 

SECOND SEMESTER 

Evidence. — Judicial notice; kinds of evidence; burden of 
proof; presumptions of law and fact; judge and jury; best 
evidence rule; hearsay rule and its exceptions; admissions; 

*For students intending to practice in Florida. 
**For students not intending to practice in Florida. 



College of Law 17 

confessions; exclusions based on public policy and privilege; 
corroboration; parol evidence rule; witnesses; attendance in 
court ; examination, cross examination, privilege ; public docu- 
ments; records and judicial writings; private writings. Text- 
book : Greenleaf on Evidence, 16th edition, vol. 1 ; selected 
cases, (U hours. Professor Cockrell.) 

Private Corporations. — Nature ; creation and citizenship ; 
defective organization ; promoters ; powers and liabilities ; cor- 
porations and the State ; dissolution ; membership ; manage- 
ment; creditors; foreign corporations; practice in forming 
corporations, preparing by-laws, electing officers, and in con- 
ducting corporate business. Textbooks : Clark on Private Cor- 
porations, and Wormser's Cases on Corporations. (Ii- hours. 
Professor Moore.) 

Legal Ethics. — Admission of attorneys to practice; tax- 
ation ; privileges and exemptions ; authority ; liability to clients 
and third parties ; compensation ; liens ; suspension and dis- 
barment; duties to clients; courts; professional brethren and 
society. Textbooks: Attorneys at Law in Ruling Case Law 
and the Code of Ethics adopted by the American Bar Associa- 
tion. (1 hour. Dean Trusler.) 

Property IV. — History of the law of wills and testaments ; 
testamentary capacity and intent; kind of wills and testa- 
ments; execution, revocation, republication, revival of wills; 
descent; probate of wills and the administration of estates. 
Textbook: Costigan's Cases on Wills. (3 hours. Professor 
Crandall.) 

Florida Civil Practice.* — Organization of courts; 
parties ; joinder and consolidation of actions ; issuance, service, 
and return of process ; appearance ; trial ; verdict ; proceedings 
after verdict ; appellate proceedings ; peculiar characteristics of 
the common law actions ; special proceedings including certio- 
rari, mandamus, prohibition, quo warranto, habeas corpus, 
attachment, garnishment, statutory liens, forcible entry and 
detainer, landlord and tenant. Textbook: Crandall's Florida 
Civil Practice. (3 hours. Professor Cockrell.) 

General Civil Procedure.**— The court; parties; forms 
of action; the trial; selection of jury and procedure in jury 



*Por students intending to practice in Florida. 
**For students not intending to practice in Florida. 



18 University of Florida 

trial; judgment; execution; appeal and error. Textbook: 
Loyd's Cases on Civil Procedure. (3 hours. Professor 
J 

THIRD YEAR 

FIRST SEMESTER 

Insurance. — Theory, history, significance; insurable in- 
terest ; concealment, representations, warranties ; subrogation ; 
v/aiver and estoppel; assignees; beneficiaries; creditors; fire, 
life, marine, accident, guarantee, liability insurance. Text- 
books: Humble's Law of Insurance and Rumble's Cases on 
Insurance. (1 hour. Dean Trusler.) 

Public Service Corporations. — Nature of public utilities ; 
railroads and other common carriers of goods and passengers ; 
telegraphs and telephones; light and water companies; inns; 
warehouses ; elevators ; stockyards ; methods of incorporation ; 
public control; rights and obligations at common law and 
under federal and state statutes. Textbook: Wyman's Cases 
on Public Service Companies. (2 hours. Professor Moore.) 

Federal Procedure and Bankruptcy. — System of courts 
created under the authority of the United States, jurisdiction 
of the several courts and procedure therein ; Federal and state 
bankruptcy legislation; who may become bankrupt; prerequi- 
sites to adjudication; receivers; trustees; provable claims; 
exemptions; composition; discharge. Textbooks: Hughes on 
Federal Procedure, and Remington on Bankruptcy, Students' 
Edition. (3 hours. Professor Cockrell.) 

Partnership. — Creation, nature, characteristics of a part- 
nership ; nature of a partner's interest ; nature, extent, dura- 
tion of the partnership liability; powers of partners; rights, 
duties, remedies of partners inter se; rights and remedies of 
creditors ; termination of partnership. Textbook : Burdick on 
Partnership. (2 hours. Professor Moore.) 

International Law. — Nature, subjects, and objects of in- 
ternational law; intercourse of states; settlement of interna- 
tional differences; law of war; law of neutrality. Textbook: 
Hershey's Essentials of International Public Law; selected 
readings. (1 hour. Professor .) 

Admiralty. — Jurisdiction; contracts, torts, crimes; mari- 
time liens, ex contractu, ex delicto, priorities, discharge; bot- 



College of Law 19 

tomry and respondentia obligations ; salvage ; general average. 
Textbook: Hughes on Admiralty. (1 hour. Professor Cran- 
dall.) 

Judgments. — Nature and essentials; kinds; record; vaca- 
tion ; amendment ; modification ; satisfaction. Textbooks : Rood 
on Judgments and Rood's Cases on Judgments. (2 hours. 
Professor Crandall.) 

Trusts. — The Anglo-American system of uses and trusts ; 
creation, transfer, extinguishment of trust interests; priori- 
ties between competing equities; construction of trust dispo- 
sitions; charitable trusts. Textbook: Kenneson's Cases on 
Trusts. (2 hours. Professor Moore.) 

Practice Court. — (l hour.) 

SECOND SEMESTER 

Damages. — General principles ; nominal ; compensatory ; 
exemplary; liquidated; direct and consequential; proximate 
and remote; general and special; measure in contract and 
tort actions ; entire damages in one action ; mental suffering ; 
avoidable consequences; value; interest; lateral support; 
counsel fees and expenses of litigation; injuries to real proper- 
ty and limited interests; death by wrongful act; breaches of 
warranty. Textbook : Rogers' Law of Damages ; selected cases. 
(2 hours. Dean Trusler.) 

Municipal Corporations. — Creation of cities and towns; 
powers of a municipality, including public powers, power of 
taxation, power over streets and alleys, etc.; obligations and 
liabilities of municipal corporations ; powers and liabilities of 
officers. Textbook: Cooley on Municipal Corporations. (2 
hou7's. Professor Cockrell.) 

Suretyship. — Nature of the contract; statute of frauds; 
surety's defenses against the creditor; surety's rights, subro- 
gation, indemnity, contribution, exoneration ; creditor's rights 
to surety's securities. Textbook: Spencer on Suretyship. (2 
hours. Professor .) 

Negotiable Instruments. — Law merchant; definitions 
and general doctrines ; contract of the maker, acceptor, certi- 
fier, drawer, indorser, vendor, accommodater, assurer; pro- 
ceedings before and after dishonor of negotiable instruments ; 
absolute defenses ; equities ; payments ; conflict of laws. Text- 



20 University of Florida 

book: Biglow on Bills, Notes and Cheques. (2 hours. Pro- 
fessor .) 

Conflict of Laws. — Jurisdiction; sources of law and 
comity; territorial jurisdiction; jurisdiction in rem and in 
personam; remedies, rights of action, procedure; creation of 
rights; property rights; personal rights; inheritance; obliga- 
tions ex delicto and ex contractu ; recognition and enforcement 
of rights; personal relations; property; inheritance; admin- 
istration of estates; judgments and obligations. Textbook: 
Minor on the Conflict of Laws. (2 hours. Professor 
Moore.) 

Property V. — Conditional estates; licenses and waivers; 
reversions and remainders ; rule in Shelley's Case ; future uses ; 
future interests; executory devises and bequests; vesting of 
legacies; cross limitations; gifts; failure of issue; determina- 
tion of classes; powers; rule against perpetuities; restraints 
on alienation. Textbook: Kales' Cases on Future Interests. 
(3 hours. Professor Crandall.) 

Jurisprudence. — Nature, meaning, subject matter of law ; 
justice; divisions of law; persons; relation of persons to 
things; claims of persons on persons; legal authorities and 
their use ; customs ; law reports ; case-law ; ancient and modern 
statutes. Textbook: Keener's Selections on Jurisprudence. 
(1 hour. Professor Moore.) 

Practice Court. — (i hour.) 



Those who desire further information concerning the Col- 
lege may address letters of inquiry to Professor Harry R. 
Trusler, Dean of the College of Law, Gainesville, Florida. 



University Record 



Vol. XIV November, 1919 No. 3 



Published quarterly by the University of Florida 
Gainesville, Florida 



University of Florida 

GAINESVILLE, FLORIDA 






Memorial Exercises 

in honor of 

Herbert Govert Keppel, Ph. D. 



Entered September 6, 1906, at the Postofflce at Gainesville, Florida, as second- 
class mail matter, under Act of Congress, July 16, 1894. 



Memorial Exercises 

in honor of 

Herbert Govert Keppel, Ph. D. 

Professor of Mathematics 
in 

The University of Florida 
1908 - 1918 



University Chapel 



May the fourth, nineteen hundred and nineteen 
3:00 P. M. 



PRAYER 
Invocation The Reverend J. G. Anderson, D. D. 

HYMN 
"Lead, Kindly Light" 

ADDRESSES 

Dr. Keppel as a Man Dean J. R. Benton, Ph.D. 

Dr. Keppel as a Friend of the Students R. T. Hargrave 

MUSIC 
Schumann's Traumerei University Orchestra 

ADDRESSES 

Dr. Keppel as a Teacher Prof. W. S. Cawthon, A.M. 

Dr. Keppel as a Scholar.Judge Thos. M. Shackleford, LL.D. 

HYMN 
"Oh, Master, Let me walk with Thee" 

BENEDICTION 



INVOCATION 

Rev. John G. Anderson 
Pastor of First Presbyterian Church of Gainesville, Fla. 

O Lord, Thou art God from everlasting to everlasting; 
doing Thy will in the armies of heaven, and amongst the 
inhabitants of the earth. There is none that can stay Thy 
hand, or say unto Thee "What doest Thou?" Our times are 
in Thy hand, and we would wish them there. Thou art 
infinite in power, wisdom, and love. Thou art too wise to 
err, and too loving to do harm. Recognizing our own ig- 
norance and impotence, we bow to Thy will in all things, 
knowing that nothing higher or nobler can be accomplished 
in us or by us than Thy plan for us. 

Thou art revealed to us as a Father, taking minute in- 
terest in all that concerns Thy people. Not a sparrow can 
fall to the ground without Thy notice, and we are of more 
value than many sparrows. Thy ways are inscrutable; 
mystery and wonder characterize Thy dealings. In the 
memorial services that engage us at this hour, we do not 
question Thy wisdom, or impeach Thy sovereign grace. We 
bow in gracious submission to the will of infinite wisdom 
and infinite love. 

We thank Thee for the life amongst us of our beloved 
brother. We thank Thee for the privilege of his memory; 
for his life of intelligence, gentleness, kindness, and tender 
consideration for others ; for the Christian virtues of faith 
and hope and love that made his life a blessed illustration 
of the power of divine grace, and a benediction to his fel- 
lows. 

May we not forget him, but so cherish the true nobility 
of his Christian manhood that it may prove to us an inspi- 
ration to live higher and nobler and purer lives. As this 
occasion reminds us of death, we bless Thee that the Gospel 
speaks to us of life, eternal life. As we think of the grave 
the Gospel speaks to us of the Resurrection. As we think 
of the sorrow of separation the Gospel speaks to us of re- 
union and recognition in the glory everlasting. We pray 
for the lonely and bereaved one far away. Blessed Savior, 
Thou hast a heart of tenderest pity, and an arm of mighty 



4 University of Florida 

power. Reveal Thyself sweetly, graciously to her. May she 
lean her weary head upon Thy gentle bosom and be sus- 
tained by Thy everlasting arm. Thou comforter of God's 
people, speak words such as human lips cannot utter, and 
teach lessons such as human wisdom cannot impart. 

Hear this our prayer in the name of Him who taught us 
to pray — 

Our Father which art in heaven, hallowed be Thy name. 
Thy kingdom come. Thy will be done in earth as it is in 
heaven. Give us this day our daily bread, and forgive us 
our debts as we forgive our debtors. And lead us not 
into temptation, but deliver us from evil ; for Thine is the 
kingdom, and the power, and the glory, forever. Amen. 



DOCTOR KEPPEL AS A MAN 

J. R. Benton 
Professor of Physics and Electrical Engineering, University of Florida 

The remarks I expect to make about the loved friend 
who has departed may well be introduced by a short account 
of his life. 

Herbert Govert Keppel was born in Zeeland, Michigan, 
April 7, 1866, the first child in the family of three brothers 
and three sisters. His father, Govert Keppel, was born in 
Holland,. of a family well known in southern Holland since 
the time of the Crusades, and came to this country with his 
parents at the age of nine years. His mother, Marie De- 
Pree, was also born abroad and came to this country in 
childhood. Her family were French Huguenots who had 
emigrated to Hainault, now a part of Belgium, during the 
persecutions of the seventeenth century. Both parents came 
to this country as members of a Dutch community that 
emigrated in a body and settled in Michigan, not far west 
of Grand Rapids, where the prosperous towns of Holland 
and Zeeland bear witness to their success as colonizers. 

The Dutch community, while loyally accepting American 
institutions, also continued many of the customs of the old 
country and to some extent the use of its language ; and Dr. 
Keppel always retained much of the traditions and senti- 



Keppel Memorial Exercises 5 

ments of his Dutch ancestry. It was in this community — 
industrious, orderly, thrifty, and deeply imbued with 
Christian spirit — that Dr. Keppel spent his childhood, gain- 
ing his early education, and helping his father in his busi- 
ness as miller. It is in this community that his remains now 
rest. 

I had the pleasure of spending a week-end at the Keppel 
homestead in 1911, and well remember the substantial old 
house in its spacious yard, with beautiful lawn shaded by 
ancient apple trees; the neatly-kept streets of the town, 
lined with fine shade trees ; the many well-built and tasteful 
homes, each in an orderly yard without fence ; and spaced at 
such distance from each other and from the street as secured 
comfortable privacy without suggesting exclusiveness ; the 
thrifty and well-kept farms of the surrounding country; 
and the complete absence of disorder or slovenliness in the 
whole vicinity. The whole atmosphere was one of solidity, 
refinement and of wholesome ideals, and no doubt had its 
influence in developing similar qualities in those who grew 
up in it. 

About 1885 Dr. Keppel entered Hope College, at Holland, 
Michigan, an institution founded by people of the Dutch 
community and drawing the majority of its students from 
among them. He also spent one of his college years at 
the University of Michigan, but returned to Hope College 
to be graduated, receiving the degree of A.B. there in 1889. 

The year following his graduation he spent in the national 
capital in clerical employment in the Census Bureau and 
the Pension Bureau. His work in Washington proving 
neither very interesting nor promising of advancement, he 
gave it up to teach mathematics the following year in the 
high school of Orange City, Iowa. This occupation proved 
congenial, and led him to decide upon the study of mathe- 
matics as his life-work. 

He spent the years 1892 to 1895 at Clark University in 
mathematical study under the guidance of Story, Taber, 
and Perott, but did not at that time complete the work for 
the doctor's degree. In the fall of 1895 he went to North- 
western University as instructor in mathematics, remaining 



6 University of Florida 

there till 1898, when the Spanish-American War broke out 
and he volunteered for service as a Y. M. C. A. secretary. 
While on duty in camp he contracted typhoid fever, which 
was the cause of his prematurely gray hair. 

In the autumn of 1900 he returned to Clark University 
and received the degree of Doctor of Philosophy there in 
1901, after which he resumed his former position at North- 
western University. At that distinguished institution, 
located in a suburb of Chicago where many of the leaders 
of that city have their homes, and within easy reach of all 
the intellectual, cultural, and social advantages of a metropo- 
lis. Dr. Keppel found his work and his surroundings very 
much to his liking, and remained there seven years longer. 
I have often heard him speak of one or another of his 
pleasant associates there, especially Prof. Henry S. Crew, 
the physicist, of whom he was very fond, and with whom he 
made a bicycle tour in Europe one summer. 

Thru no fault of Dr. Keppel's, but from the accidental 
circumstance that there were other young and able men 
ahead of him in the line of promotion at Northwestern Uni- 
versity, his position there did not offer him any hope of 
advancement. This situation, together with the fact that a 
southern climate promised relief from a catarrh with which 
he had been suffering, led him to give up his otherwise 
congenial position in 1908, and cast his lot with what then 
appeared an insecure enterprise — the University of Florida. 
This change from an old and well-established institution 
near a great center of intellectual life, to the pioneer con- 
ditions of a newly-founded and not yet firmly established 
institution, remote from the main currents of activity of 
the nation, involved the sacrifice of many of the advantages 
and pleasures which Dr. Keppel had been accustomed to 
enjoy. But while he often spoke of the contrast, I never 
heard him utter a word of complaint, nor do I think that 
he ever felt any sense of complaint. On the contrary, he 
threw himself whole-heartedly into his work, and identi- 
fied himself unhesitatingly with the University of Florida 
and its various interests, sought his friends among those 
who were associated with it, and chose his living quarters 



Keppel Memorial Exercises 7 

near it, altho at that time he could probably have secured 
greater personal comfort by living at a distance. 

Except for the summer vacations, which he invariably 
spent at his old home in Zeeland, Michigan, all the rest of 
his life was spent at the University of Florida. He saw it 
grow from a small and weak institution into its present 
size and scope. As head of the department of mathematics, 
he came into contact with almost every student who at- 
tended the University during his ten years of service. Dur- 
ing these formative years of the growing University, his 
teaching, his services on (faculty) committees, his partici- 
pation in discussions to determine policies, and the influence 
of his wide personal acquaintanceship with faculty and stu- 
dents, had an important share in determining the ideals 
and standards and type of culture for which the University 
of Florida has come to stand. Those of us who came most 
under Dr. Keppel's influence are inclined to value this in- 
tangible service even more highly than that given in his 
routine duties, admirably as they were performed. 

On December 28, 1917, Dr. Keppel was married to Miss 
Anna Kramer of Detroit, daughter of the pastor of the 
church at Zeeland that he used to attend. Their married 
life was very happy. 

In the summer of 1918 Dr. Keppel accepted an invitation 
to serve on a committee of six, appointed by the National 
War Work Council of the Y. M. C. A., to supervise the 
mathematical teaching carried on by the Y. M. C. A. at 
military and naval camps, and was assigned to the sooth- 
eastern part of the country. While on a trip of inspection 
of this work near the end of September he contracted influ- 
enza, had to complete his task and to make a long journey 
while suffering from it, and reached home dangerously ill. 
He died about a week later, on October 5, in the home on 
West University Avenue in which he had so recently begun 
housekeeping after his marriage. His death should be 
counted among those due to the war, since it was a direct 
result of exposure and lack of care while on war duty. 

Dr. Keppel's personality was a many-sided one, and I 
shall not attempt an analysis of it in any systematic manner, 



8 University of Florida 

but merely mention a few of the prominent traits of his 
character. 

The first that comes to my mind is his friendliness and 
breadth of sympathy. He was in no sense a popularity 
seeker — on the contrary his disposition was somewhat re- 
tiring — but friendly overtures to him always met with most 
cordial response. He had a remarkable capacity for sharing 
in the interests of those with whom he was thrown. His 
disposition to find a basis of congeniality with all with 
whom he came into contact was the more easily gratified on 
account of the wide range of his own interests, for, aside 
from the more serious interest in his professional work, he 
had a very active amateur acquaintance' with a great variety 
of matters of general human interest, such as all sorts of 
games, athletic and other; music; travel; art; flowers; 
finance; politics; social problems; business affairs. But 
his friendliness was something deeper than a mere dispo- 
sition toward congenial companionship. I have rarely 
known anyone who could derive more pleasure from doing 
kindnesses for others than he did. He used to delight in 
planning Christmas presents long ahead of Christmas time ; 
and in making friends with little children, with whom he 
was a great favorite. He spent several of his vacations in 
social settlement work in New York and in Chicago. 

Another prominent feature of Dr. Keppel's nature was 
the group of qualities of definiteness, consistency, loyalty, 
and wholeheartedness. It was his habit to take some definite 
position on every question that came before him, rather 
than to remain neutral or vague, or try to be on both sides 
at the same time. He was not quick to form opinions, or 
to change them; and while he was open-minded in the 
highest degree, his opinions when once matured were not 
abandoned without sufficient reason. He was equally con- 
stant in whatever activities he undertook; not assuming 
them hastily, but, when once undertaken, persevering in 
them and giving them whole-hearted attention. When he 
joined any organization his custom was to attend all its 
meetings, be active in its affairs, and fulfill all the obliga- 
tions implied in accepting membership. The same general 



Keppel Memorial Exercises 9 

spirit of whole-heartedness was characteristic of his atti- 
tude to his work, in which his faithfulness and thoroness to 
the last detail were so notable. 

As regards his attitude towards his profession in the 
broader sense, he evidently recognized the obligations 
stated in Bacon's famous words : "I hold every man a debtor 
to his profession ; from the which as men of course do seek 
to receive countenance and profit, so ought they of duty to 
endeavor themselves by way of amends to be a help and 
ornament thereunto". He sincerely sought to be an orna- 
ment to his profession in his conduct of his daily duties, and 
a help to it by sharing in the cooperative efforts to enable 
the profession to perform its functions better and maintain 
its good name and respect among men. His conception of 
the status of the college professor in human society em- 
bodied many of the good features of each of the two some- 
what divergent views of that profession which are held, 
and are sometimes called the university view and the peda- 
gogical view. According to the former, the college profes- 
sor is primarily a man of learning — mathematician, chemist, 
plant pathologist, or what not — and as such makes himself 
useful to society by applying his special knowledge to what- 
ever activities may demand it, of which one, but by no 
means the only one, is the teaching of the elements of his 
specialty, while others are applications to industrial prob- 
lems, original research, writing books and articles, and the 
group of activities which have come to be called extension 
work. According to the latter conception, the function of 
the college professor is primarily to care for the develop- 
ment of the youth receiving his instruction; the subjects 
he teaches are important less for their own sake than as 
a means of promoting mental development in his pupils; 
and outside of classroom duties, his concern is for their de- 
velopment on the moral, physical, or social side rather than 
for non-teaching applications of his subject. To the former 
of these conceptions, Dr. Keppel conformed in the matters 
of his thoro scholarship in his specialty, his habits of study, 
and his generally intellectual attitude and outlook; to the 
latter, in the sincere personal interest he took in each of 



10 University of Florida 

his students, both within and without the classroom, and 
in his conscientiousness down to the last petty detail of his 
teaching duties. 

As regards Dr. Keppel's religious life, he grew up as a 
member of the Dutch Reformed Church. After coming to 
Gainesville, he transferred his membership to the First 
Presbyterian Church, and was a regular attendant at its 
services, and an active supporter of its works. His interest 
in religion was in good works rather than in doctrines, 
altho he gave much thought to the deeper philosophical 
problems of theology. 

In politics he was a republican, and in his earlier years 
had an active part in the republican organization of his 
home county. His general attitude toward political af- 
fairs was conservative, using the term in its correct sense 
as implying caution in making changes, rather than as 
implying inability to see good in any change. 

In social matters, Dr. Keppel cared nothing for formal 
social functions, or the activities of what is called "Society", 
but was very fond of the quiet companionship of his circle 
of friends, which was a large one. He was punctilious in 
etiquette; and his delightful humor as well as his polished 
manners and kindly spirit, made him always a welcome 
guest at the houses of his friends. 

His favorite recreations were travel and playing games — 
tennis for an outdoor game, and whist for indoors. 

In these few inadequate words, I have tried to record 
something of the character and personality which we had 
come to love. Our friend is dead, but his influence is still 
alive, I can wish nothing better for his friends, for this 
institution, and for his profession, than that his influence 
may remain alive for ever and ever. 



Keppel Memorial Exercises 11 

DOCTOR KEPPEL AS A FRIEND OF THE STUDENTS 

Robert T. Hargrave 
Class of 1919, University of Florida 

I can perhaps best pay my poor tribute to a never-to-be- 
forgotten friend by telling simply how I came to know him 
and what as time passed by we all came to think of him and 
of how our friendship grew. For as we students came to 
know Dr. Keppel more intimately it was more than a feel- 
ing of casual interest that we had for him. There may not 
have been any noticeable demonstration on our part or his, 
nevertheless there grew up a feeling that he was truly our 
friend, a friend whose interest did not stop with the end of 
the day's lesson, but one whom we could love and respect 
for the man that he was and for the unfailing good nature 
that he always displayed and the interest he took in all 
things, not only inside but outside the classroom. 

For the first month, possibly for longer, we Freshmen 
were somewhat in awe of him. Analytic Geometry and 
Trigonometry presented to us problems that seemingly had 
neither start nor ending. Yet, as we came into class and he, 
in his serious, careful way, went into the intricacies of that 
problem over which we had worked in vain, it seemed that 
really we had simply magnified a molehill into a mountain. 
His solution seemed so simple and easy. And it was always 
the same, but best of all was his unfailing good nature. 

Altho at times he must have had ample provocation, he 
never showed displeasure nor impatience, but rather a 
sympathetic interest in our difficulties. And he never tired 
of the admonition to "Make a picture of every problem. 
Draw it out." That of course seemed foolish to us, yet, 
when we had tried it, we found that it helped in many 
cases. 

At the end of the first month we learned how absolutely 
just he was with us. We had been painstakingly graded 
every day and no student could complain that his grade 
was other than he deserved. Our grades showed with abso- 
lute truth just what we had done thruout that month and, 
if they were low, we well realized that we had no one to 
blame but ourselves. 



12 University of Florida 

Thus in the first month of our acquaintance with him we 
had come to realize that Dr. Keppel took a sincere interest 
in our work, that when occasion demanded he could clear up 
our difficulties with the utmost ease, and that with all we 
could rely on his absolute fairness. 

And so as the months of that first year rolled by we came 
to know him better, not in a personal way, but as a kindly 
and willing man, liberal to a degree, giving absolute justice 
and requiring that we do the same by our work. 

We learned too that he had a sense of humor and could 
appreciate a little fun, even tho it were in a way at his 
expense. 

I remember one day about the time that we were wrest- 
ling with elipses and hyperbolas that he was explaining to 
us that the hyperbola was an elipse whose major axis ex- 
tended to infinity. He had drawn an hyperbola, extending 
the lines of the figure entirely across the blackboard and, 
stopping at that, was trying to impress us with the infinite 
distance to which we might conceive these lines to have 
extended. As he hesitated for a moment, trying to think 
of sufficiently expressive language with which to portray 
his thought, one of the rogues of the class spoke up, "Per- 
haps to Rochelle, Doctor". A smile spread over Doctor 
Keppel's face as he answered, his eyes twinkling, "Yes, 
those lines might extend as far as Rochelle and then we 
would have only started". 

And thus we came to have a feeling more akin to love for 
the man. Even yet tho we did not seem intimately ac- 
quainted with our professor — it was I might say a passive 
friendship extending outside the classroom, but even then 
not the closer friendship we enjoyed later. 

As Sophomores we came to know Doctor Keppel better. 
Our class was smaller for one thing and for another we had 
gotten into Calculus, a branch of mathematics which was 
perhaps of greater interest to our professor. Certainly 
he seemed to give even more of himself to the work and in 
this way we were accorded a better acquaintance with him. 
With the smaller class we came more intimately into con- 



Keppel Memorial Exercises 13 

tact with him — came to know him not only as a teacher but 
somewhat more as a man. 

As an illustration of this more intimate feeling — the 
feeling that he was more or less one of us — I might mention 
a little pleasantry that occurred one spring morning. As 
we came to our class from the Engineering Building, one of 
the boys, probably with no definite thought in mind, picked 
three or four yellow daisies which he carried up to the class- 
room. In the classroom, of course, some one suggested that 
the bouquet should be given to "Teacher", and as "Teacher" 
had not yet arrived, the flowers were forthwith arranged in 
a cup of water and placed upon the desk to await his arrival. 
As Doctor Keppel came to the desk, he of course noticed 
this roguish offering, but the simplicity, the twinkle in his 
eyes, and the smile as he raised the tin cup of posies to 
smell them ; his bow, and the words of thanks to the donor, 
completely won the class. "Kep" was all right. 

Little things like this were what drew us more closely 
to him. We saw that he had an appreciation of all things 
much as we had. For all his being well past us in years, his 
heart was young and he was in spirit very much a boy. 
That this was so, that he was young at heart, and that he 
was for the boys was strikingly brought out in the last 
speech that I remember he made in chapel. 

It was at the time the question of sending representatives 
to Blue Ridge came up before the student-body. The whole- 
hearted sincerity with which he spoke, unqualifiedly sup- 
porting the Young Men's Christian Association and its 
work, made us realize more than anything else could have 
done, just how deeply he was interested in our welfare. 
And as he sat down after so ably supporting our Young 
Men's Christian Association, the applause that went up 
from the boys showed that he had touched every one of 
them. He had shown himself to be truly our friend, he 
was with us in spirit and at heart. He wanted to help us. 

And so, as we saw more of Doctor Keppel and really came 
to know him, our attitude toward him changed and grew. 
First it was that impersonal interest that the student takes 



14 University of Florida 

in a professor upon whom he knows he can always rely for 
a fair deal and, in time of necessity, for help. 

Next he came to be a passive friend. One whom we met 
of course only in the classroom, but a man whom it was a 
pleasure to greet when we passed him going to or from 
town. 

Later he was our friend in the classroom, a professor 
with whom we might talk of things outside of the day's 
lesson, a man who took an interest in the things that in- 
terested us, and a man who could laugh with us. 

And finally Doctor Keppel showed himself to be deeply 
interested in our activities and to be at heart for us — 
as we liked to think — one of us. He stood for much to us 
boys, just how much it would be hard to say; for those 
things which we feel most are the hardest for us to ex- 
press. We can simply say that we held him in high respect, 
that he was our friend, and that we loved him. 

H. G. KEPPEL AS A TEACHER 

W. S. Cawthon 
Professor of Secondary Education, University of Florida 

Professor Keppel possessed in eminent degree the traits 
of an ideal teacher. His was the rare power of imparting 
a boundless enthusiasm for learning and of appreciating 
the viewpoint of his students. He was a profound scholar 
when he entered the profession of teaching, and his labor 
as a student ended only with life. In his work he was 
content to be overlooked, nay, he was desirous of remaining 
in the background, while the things that he taught were 
manifest in the foreground. 

II 

Professor Keppel believed in his subject so firmly that 
he rarely found it desirable to emphasize the importance 
of the various branches of it. It was not necessary for him 
to defend the presence of mathematics in the curriculum. 
His character as a student and teacher exhibited clearly 
the gains which arise from study. The fullness and ac- 



Keppel Memorial Exercises 15 

curacy of his knowledge, his buoyant attitude even in 
drudgery, acted as compelling forces to draw to him and 
his subjects those destined to enjoy the riches into which 
he had already come. Being a workman who was master 
of his tools, sure of himself, and who knew that he was able, 
he never hurried nor worried, but worked and waited, con- 
fident that the results would take care of themselves. Tho 
far from belonging to the walking-delegate class, he could 
on occasion, set forth the merits of his subject with an 
earnestness and a power that carried conviction. 

Ill 

It is a characteristic of truth that it must be viewed in 
fragments — that it can be comprehended only when pre- 
sented in disjointed portions. No amount of ingenuity can 
relieve knowledge of this unfortunate peculiarity. Because 
of this necessity of seizing truth bit by bit, the young mind 
revolts. The mystery of the science of mathematics consists 
in taking, in a definite order, a series of simple steps, each 
uninviting in itself. The complete structure in all its beauty 
cannot be appreciated by the learner in the early stages. 
Under the guidance of a tyro the student's intellect recoils ; 
a step is missed and disaster follows. The conclusion is 
encouraged that the student has no head for mathematics. 

IV 

Whether there are people who, tho successful in other 
studies, cannot learn mathematics, I say frankly that I do 
not know. I do not believe that our friend worked upon 
any such hypothesis, for the success of such a large per- 
centage of his pupils would have seemed to constitute an 
argument to the contrary. He was so skillful, so systematic 
in his presentation, that the sense of pettiness in the sub- 
ject-matter was overcome, and the students omitted no es- 
sential steps. If a member of a class was absent from one 
or more recitations, upon his return he wrote out an assign- 
ment, carefully prepared with his particular needs in view. 
The systematic, personal attention given him, tho one 
of a class of fifty members, rendered attractive to him a 
subject generally considered dry ; it inspired and invigorated 



16 University of Florida 

his life, to the extent of making him feel that he must not 
fail ; and he usually succeeded. Professor Keppel so taught 
that, on every occasion, every member of the class was 
given an opportunity to find himself out, with respect to 
every important point in the lesson. The attitude of re- 
spectful attention which was ever apparent on the part of 
the students, was due to the pleasure that always springs 
from well ordered activity. It was not due to any artificial 
restraint imposed by an outside authority. 

V 

It is a commonplace that one may know a subject and yet 
be unable to teach it — that the possession of knowledge and 
the impartation of it are two very different things. We 
often hear it said that the subject is so easy for some 
teachers that they cannot see why their students should have 
any difficulties. Apparently such teachers, because of lack 
of imagination, fail to enter into the lives of their students. 
They attribute to the intellect of the learner their own 
modes of thinking and the possession of facts which they 
themselves happen to know. If there is any truth in the 
old adage that "teachers are born, not made", the basis of 
such must be here. The aptitude for adapting oneself to 
the viewpoint of another, certainly grows thru cultivation, 
but how fortunate the teacher who possesses this aptitude 
in large measure when he first enters upon his work ! Pro- 
fessor Keppel seemed to me to be endowed with an imagina- 
tion which enabled him to place himself completely in the 
position of his students. He knew before the class as- 
sembled, how difficult or how easy for each the task would 
be. It was his custom at the beginning of the hour to call 
upon the members of the class in turn for brief oral reports 
concerning their preparation. These reports were rapidly 
tabulated as they were made. There was every incentive 
to show progress and to report correctly. 

VI 

Professor Keppel was a great scholar, not only in his own 
field but also in other fields. Having spent a long period in 
preparation, it did not devolve upon him to teach subjects 



Keppel Memorial Exercises 17 

in which his attainments were not several years ahead of 
those of his students. He did not subscribe to the fallacy 
that one can teach all that he knows. At no time did he 
seem to be teaching right up to the edge of his knowledge ; 
on the other hand he appeared to cover the entire range of 
the subject at will, conscious of no limitations as far as he 
was concerned. He exercised remarkable control over him- 
self, giving just enough information to keep his students at 
work, and leaving them with the impression that back of 
what they had learned lay a wealth of knowledge upon 
which drafts could be made at any time. Much of his suc- 
cess as a teacher lay in his ability to discern when he should 
talk and when he should refrain from talking. As long 
as the boys showed that they could go forward on any black- 
board assignment, nothing was said, but if any considerable 
number of them halted in their work, the class was quickly 
and quietly seated, and the teacher by means of a few well- 
directed remarks, or perhaps a neat diagram made with 
colored crayon, cleared up the difficult point. Work was 
immediately resumed at the board, reducing the loss of 
time to a minimum. 

vn 

His accurate scholarship and his unflagging industry in 
daily preparation were in evidence when he reviewed solu- 
tions upon the blackboard. Standing at some point in the 
room from which he could see all of the boards, he rapidly 
checked the solutions by means of inconspicuous memo- 
randa which he had prepared. By the time that the work 
was completed, comparison had been made, and time gained. 
In fact the classroom procedure was such that there was 
practically no "lost motion". It is unfortunate that the 
same is not true in a majority of classes in mathematics. 

VIII 

When Professor Keppel took charge of the Department 
of Mathematics in 1908, there was little or no equipment 
belonging thereto. During the ten years of his profes- 
sorship, much valuable apparatus was acquired. Some of 
this was purchased, but by far the greater part was made 



18 University of Florida 

on the campus by the professor and his students. To my 
mind, his contribution represents one of the institution's 
most valuable assets, not because of the intrinsic worth of 
the apparatus, considerable as that may be, but because of 
the labor of love for which the equipment will stand in 
future years. 

IX 

The charm of our departed friend's character as a teacher 
was intensified by the fact that he was not a naiTow spe- 
cialist. It was easy for him to converse at length on other 
subjects than those peculiar to his chosen vocation. Poetry, 
philosophy, birds and flowers, often engaged his attention, 
and thoughts of them were unmistakably reflected in his 
teaching; giving to the latter a distinction rarely observed. 
His versatility in discussion at the meetings of the Athe- 
naeum Club, was a matter of remark among his fellow-mem- 
bers. In speaking or writing, in the classroom or out of it, 
his style was a model of logic and brevity. His was the 
proverbial ''last word". 

X 

In these days one hears much of "productive scholar- 
ship". The question is often asked of the candidate for a 
position, "What have you published"? If he has not pub- 
lished anything, he is at a disadvantage, tho he may be 
a successful teacher. I am not informed concerning the 
contributions made by Professor Keppel to the literature of 
mathematics, for he never spoke of them to me ; neither 
has any one else told me of them. I do not know that he was 
productive of books or pamphlets, but I could meet his 
students and see them work, a year or longer after they 
had first entered his classes, and know that he was pro- 
ductive of much that is highest and best in human character. 
It is my preference to be reminded of him in this way. 

XI 

Rarely does one see teaching that can be called excellent. 
Too often is the teacher a hindrance to himself thru his 
desire to keep in the mind of the student. If he is skillful 
he does not like for his class to overlook the fact. Conscious 



Keppel Memorial Exercises 19 

of having presented a subject well, as he thinks, he is 
annoyed upon ascertaining that his class have missed the 
most important things and have grasped only the trivial 
and the incidental. Upon meeting his students years after 
their .schooldays are over, and noting that they barely 
recognize him, he is hurt and feels that they are ungrateful. 
Professor Keppel seemed to be indifferent as to whether or 
not the students thought of him when he was teaching, his 
main concern being to have them comprehend the sub- 
ject. He did not live for himself, but for his students and 
for the truth to be imparted. He was content to be forgot- 
ten, able to rise above any semblance of unthankfulness on 
the part of those that he taught. In all sincerity could he 
have said with David Swing, "The teacher lives in a world 
where those who lay the mighty foundations of a cathedral 
are forgotten, when compared with those who carve its 
columns or stain its colored glass". In the humble opinion 
of one whose privilege it was to call him teacher and friend, 
such was his most noble trait. 

DOCTOR KEPPEL AS A SCHOLAR 

Hon. Thos. M. Shackleford 
Former Chief Justice, Supreme Court of Florida 

In his memorable Phi Beta Kappa oration on "The Amer- 
ican Scholar", delivered at Harvard University in 1837, 
Emerson said that the education of the scholar was three- 
fold, "by Nature, by books, and by action", and declared 
that "the office of the scholar is to cheer, to raise, and to 
guide men by showing them facts amidst appearances". 
Elsewhere he has said that "The scholar is here to fill 
others with love and courage by confirming their trust in 
the love and wisdom which are at the heart of all things ; 
to afhrm noble sentiments; to hear them wherever spoken, 
out of the deeps of ages, out of the obscurities of barbarous 
life, and to republish them ; to untune nobody, but to draw 
all after the truth, and to keep men spiritual and sweet". 

Tested by these sayings of the sage of Concord there can 
be no question that Dr. Keppel was a scholar in the fullest 



20 University of Florida 

sense of the word and that he not only realized the office 
of the scholar and the weighty responsibility which rests 
upon him, but bravely met and discharged them. I im- 
agine that he must have been a student and lover of Nature 
from his early childhood. I know that he had popdered 
over her lessons and that he was a constant worshipper at 
her shrine. I think that this had much to do with his 
sunny nature and in keeping his enthusiasms fresh and 
blooming. I know that he never lost his love for Nature 
and fairly revelled in her beauties — the flowers, the trees, 
the birds. 

That he had been a close student of books was evident 
to all who came in contact with him, and yet there was 
nothing of the pedant about him. Simple and unaffected, 
modest and unassuming to a degree, it was entirely foreign 
to his nature to attempt to make any parade of his erudition. 
Egotism and arrogance had no place in his nature. Of his 
technical knowledge in his chosen field of mathematics I am 
not competent to speak, but the academic degrees which he 
had earned, the chairs which he had filled in several colleges 
and universities, and the papers which he had written bear 
ample testimony to his education by books. 

I must ask your kind permission to be somewhat personal 
in this tribute which I gladly offer to his memory. My 
acquaintance with our dear friend, so lately lost to us, 
began in the spring of 1910, when rather rashly I accepted 
an invitation from this University to deliver some lectures 
treating of the philosophy of William James. I use the 
word "rashly" advisedly, for, if I had given a sober second 
thought to the matter, I should not have had the courage 
to undertake to give lectures before the members of the 
faculty of the University of Florida on the abstruse subject 
of philosophy. I should know better now. In one of my 
early lectures I had occasion to enter the domain of mathe- 
matics in an attempt to show something of the relations 
existing between philosophy and mathematics and the in- 
debtedness of the former to the latter. I remember refer- 
ring to the great Poincare and to some of the other philo- 
sophical mathematicians and quoting some of their rather 



Keppel Memorial Exercises 21 

paradoxical utterances. I observed that Dr. Keppel closely 
followed this lecture, and at the close he came to me and 
said that he would like to have a talk with me. I readily 
assented, but let me confess that I did so with some trepi- 
dation, wondering how a professional mathematician might 
view the intrusion of a layman into so technical a field. 
Imagine my relief and gratification when I found during 
the conversation which we had that afternoon that Dr. 
Keppel was so kind as to approve what I had said and to 
express his pleasure that I had been drawn to Poincare. 
I discovered that he was personally acquainted with him 
and had heard him lecture both in Paris and America. It 
further developed that Dr. Keppel was intensely interested 
in the philosophical side of mathematics and had read widely 
along those lines. He was walking in the full light of the 
subject, while I was stumbling along in semi-darkness. 
Other conversations followed both here and in my own home, 
and I soon found that Dr. Keppel belonged to that, class 
of mathematicians so brilliantly represented by Poincare, 
Bergson, Bertrand, Russell, and Cassius J. Keyser, to men- 
tion only a few. The acquaintance with Dr. Keppel so 
happily begun soon ripened into a firm friendship, and I 
gladly here and now wish to record my great indebtedness 
to him for help and guidance both in the way of inspiring 
conversations and uplifting letters. If I had the privilege 
of bringing to his attention the Hibbert Journal, to which 
he became much attracted, and of certain writings of Prof. 
Keyser concerning mathematics and religion, which greatly 
interested him, he repaid his indebtedness to me, as he 
chose to term it, many times over. I was the pupil, he the 
master. I no longer found it necessary to write to the 
professors of mathematics at Columbia and other universi- 
ties for information, as I had been accustomed to do, but 
submitted all of my problems to Dr. Keppel, who never 
failed to give me light. 

He was no dry-as-dust mathematician, as unhappily 
would seem to be true of so many who fill that chair in our 
institutions of learning, but was interested in the other 
departments of knowledge. The study of mathematics so 



22 University of Florida 

assiduously pursued by him from his student days up to 
the close of his earthly career never had any tendency to 
narrow his interest in human life. He had a vivid imagi- 
nation and fully appreciated what might be aptly termed the 
poetry of mathematics. The speculative side of the science 
appealed to him and he delighted in talking with those who 
were interested concerning non-Euclidian geometry, the 
fourth dimension and celestial mechanics. He was fond of 
music and I shall never forget the information which he 
gave me of the relation which existed between music and 
mathematics. He also had a keen sense of humor, which 
must have added to his attractiveness as a teacher and had 
a tendency to brighten his classroom. I have delightful 
memories of a conversation which we had over one of Sir 
William Hamilton's essays, in which the Edinburgh philo- 
sopher undertook to demonstrate that the study of mathe- 
matics had a tendency to foster credulity and also to lead 
to skepticism. Our friend most emphatically repudiated 
these doctrines of Hamilton and strenuously insisted that 
rightly pursued the study had just the reverse effect. In 
this I fully agreed with him. Most assuredly no such 
effect had been produced upon him. He was a devout man 
and could truly be termed a Christian scholar. He realized 
that the Master had a special message to the scholar, which 
he willingly heard and accepted and exemplified by his life. 
Who can measure the great service which he rendered to the 
church of which he was a member and to the cause of 
religion generally? 

We have now touched upon the education of our friend 
by Nature and by books. It yet remains to speak of his 
education by action. This can be done quite briefly. We 
might well say that his life was given to action, in helping 
those pursuing their studies in his department, the student- 
body generally, his associates in the faculty, and indeed 
all with whom he came in contact, by his words of wisdom, 
by his cheer, and by his counsel. His life may be said to 
have been largely a reaction upon what he had learned 
from Nature and from books. He was indeed "a lover and 
helper of his fellow-men", and in discharging what he con- 



Keppel Memorial Exercises 23 

ceived to be his duty to his fellow-men, his country, and 
his God he came to the end of his earthly pilgrimage. He 
was a "true Knight of learning" and, as our genial Auto- 
crat has beautifully said, 

"The true Knight of learning, the world holds him dear ; 
Love bless him, joy crown him, God speed his career." 

Love had blessed our friend; joy had crowned him; and 
God has sped his career from earth to that realm of eternal 
life. 



University Record 



Vol. XIV 



DECEMBER, 1919 



No. 3 



Published quarterly by the University of Florida 
Gainesville, Florida 

University of Florida 

College of Agriculture 

GAINESVILLE 




Judging a dairy cow at the State College of Agriculture 

FARMERS' 
SHORT COURSES 

JANUARY 6 to 16, 1920 



Entered September 6, 1906, at the Postoffice at Gainesville, Florida, as 
second class mail matter, under Act of Congress, July 16, 1894 



University of Florida 

College of Agriculture 



GAINESVILLE 



BOARD OF CONTROL 

J. B. Hodges, Chairman, Lake City. 

E. L. Wartmann, Citra. 

J. B. Sutton, Tampa. 

J. T. Diamond, Tallahassee. 

H. B. Minium, Jacksonville. 

Bryan Mack, Secretary, Tallahassee. 

J. G. Kellum, Auditor, Tallahassee. 

Officers 

A. A. MURPHREE, President. 

P. H. Rolfs, Dean and Director. 

W. L. Floyd, Assistant Dean. 

J. E. Turlington, Agronomist; in Charge Short Courses. 



INSTRUCTIONAL STAFF 

A. A. MuRPHREE, President. 

P. H. Rolfs, Dean and Director. 

W. L. Floyd, Assistant Dean and Horticulturist. 

J. E. Turlington, in charge of Short Courses; Agronomy. 

C. L. WiLLOUGHBY, Animal Husbandry and Dairying. 

A. L. Shealy, Veterinary Science. 

F. Rogers, Farm Machinery. 

J. M. Scott, Animal Husbandry and Crops. 

H. E. Stevens, Plant Pathology. 

J. R. Watson, Entomology. 

S. E. Collison, Soils. 

A. P. Spencer, Citrus and Vegetable Growing. 

C. K. McQuarrie, Crops. 

H. G. Clayton, Citrus and Vegetable Growing. 

E. W. Jenkins, Crops. 

N. W. Sanborn, Poultry Husbandry. 

R. C. Blake, Poultry Husbandry. 

J. B. Thompson, Forage Crop Specialist. 

G. L. Herrington, Boys' Club Agent. 

R. W. Blacklock, Asst. Boys' Club Agent. 
Miss S. L. Vinson, Editor. 



Special Lecturers 

H. R. Trusler, Rural Law. 
WiLMON Newell, Bee Culture. 
R. E. Chandler, Gas Engines. 

A. H. Logan, Hog Cholera. 
Wm. H. Black, Animal Feeding. 

B. F. Floyd, Citrus. 
Wm. Gomme, Citrus. 
F. M. O'Byrne, Citrus. 
Frank Stirling, Citrus. 
W. W. YoTHERS, Citrus. 
J. R. Winston, Citrus. 

B. C. Riley, University Extension. 

E. W. Berger, Entomology. 

J. H. Montgomery, Plant Quarantine. 

Miss Minnie Floyd, Poultry Husbandry. 

Miss Irene Randall, Poultry. 



Service men and mechanics from the companies furnishing spray- 
ing machinery and tractors for use during the Short Courses will 
assist in giving these courses. These companies are : 

The Bean Spray Pump Company. 

The Hayes Pump and Planter Company. 

Fairbanks, Morse and Company. 

Hardie Manufacturing Company. 

The Deming Company. 

The International Harvester Company. 

The Avery Company. 

L. B. Skinner Manufacturing Company. 

The Cleveland Tractor Company. 

The Moline Plow Company. 

Henry Ford & Son, Inc. 

Turner -Motor Co. 



THE FARMERS' SHORT COURSES 

The purpose of the Short Courses in Agriculture is to 
enable men and women who do not find it possible to attend 
the longer courses to acquire a knowledge of some of the 
fundamental principles of agriculture as applied to Florida 
conditions. Agriculture in the State of Florida is in a 
transition stage from the old to the new. Her rural popula- 
tion is being increased annually by people from other states 
who are not well informed concerning agricultural condi- 
tions here. The College of Agriculture occupies a very im- 
portant position in relation to these people and to the agri- 
cultural development of the state. It is pointing the way 
for the development of a stable agriculture, and helping 
the newcomer to adapt himself to the new conditions in 
which he is placed. 

The Short Courses are planned for the busy man and 
woman who can spend only a short time at the College. 
Four separate courses have been arranged to meet the de- 
mand. These are in Animal Husbandry and General Agri- 
culture, Poultry Husbandry, Citrus Culture and Vegetable 
Growing, and Tractors and General Agriculture. 

An examination of the schedule of studies will show the 
size and nature of the programs that are being offered this 
year. The student is taught by lectures and by practical 
exercises. He is required to do things which will assist 
him in planning his farm work and will make him more 
expert in his work of stock raising, dairying, or fruit grow- 
ing. On account of the extent of the courses it is impossible 
for anyone to take advantage of all of them during one ses- 
sion. The student is urged to pick the course that will be 
of most interest and use to him and to attend the whole of it. 

THE COLLEGE OF AGRICULTURE 

The College of Agriculture is one of the divisions of the 
University of Florida at Gainesville. The University occu- 
pies a tract of six hundred and four acres, of which one 
hundred and thirty-five acres are used for instructional 



6 University of Florida 

work by the College of Agriculture, and three hundred and 
seventy-nine for experimental work by the Agricultural 
Experiment Station, It is located in a progressive agricul- 
tural community. This, in connection with the large variety 
of products grown upon its own farms, affords the student 
an excellent opportunity for observation and study. 

BUILDINGS AND EQUIPMENT 

The College of Agriculture and the Agricultural Ex- 
periment Station occupy separate buildings on the Uni- 
versity campus. The College of Agriculture building was 
planned particularly for instructional work. There are 
large, well-lighted and well-equipt laboratories for the work 
in soils, fertilizers, agronomy, horticulture, veterinary sci- 
ence, farm machinery, and dairying. There is an audito- 
rium specially fitted for stock exhibit and judging work. 

The dairy barn is large, new, and well provided with silos 
and modern equipment. It is one of the best in the state. 
There are over 57 head of cattle in the dairy herd, many of 
which are pure bred Jerseys. The beef herd includes the 
Shorthorn and Angus breeds. 

The hog herd includes representatives of the Chester 
White, Duroc-Jersey, Poland-China, Tamworth, and Berk- 
shire breeds. A number of feeding experiments with these 
are now under way. 

The collection of grasses and legumes in the plant intro- 
duction garden on the Horticultural Grounds includes 
several hundred different species. These afford opportunity 
for study for those who are particularly interested. 

Special equipment is being assembled for the work in 
Poultry Husbandry. There will be representatives of all 
of the chief breeds, and a complete equipment of incubators, 
brooders, and other appliances. There are some nice flocks 
in the community that will be available for observation and 
study. 

The work of the Course in Citrus Culture will be carried 
on in the laboratories of the Experiment Station, which is 
one of the best equipt Stations in the South. The Hayes, 
Bean, Hardie, Deming, and other power sprayers will form 



Farmers' Short Course 7 

a part of the equipment of the Farm Machinery Laboratory 
and will be used for study and practice work. 

The Avery Company, The International Harvester Com- 
pany, The Cleveland Tractor Company, The Southern Mo- 
line Plow Company, The Turner Motor Company, and a 
number of others will supply the tractors to the Farm 
Machinery Department for the Course in Tractors. They 
will also supply charts, parts and accessories for the work, 
and service men to assist in the practice work. 

LIBRARY FACILITIES 

The Library of the Agricultural Experiment Station con- 
tains more than 2,000 volumes along agricultural and allied 
lines. Complete sets of the publications of the different 
state Agricultural Experiment Stations and of the United 
States Department of Agriculture are on file, as well as 
many of the leading American and foreign periodicals. The 
library is open for use of the Short Course students. 

In addition, the University Library, containing more than 
20,000 volumes, is available to the students. While there 
will be little free time on account of the full schedules, some 
will doubtless find opportunity to look for special informa- 
tion which they may desire. 

NUMBER OF COURSES OFFERED 

Four courses, each lasting ten days, are offered from 
January 6 to 16, 1920. They are in Animal Husbandry 
and General Agriculture, Poultry Husbandry, Citrus Cul- 
ture and Vegetable Growing, and Tractors and General Ag- 
riculture. The courses are distinctly different and are 
planned to meet the needs of different groups of people in 
the State. On this account, persons are urged to register 
for one course only. The applications of those desiring to 
take parts of two courses will be granted, provided it does 
not cause any interference. 

ADMISSION 

There are no entrance examinations to the Farmers' 
Short Courses, but applicants should be at least 18 years 



8 University of Florida 

of age. The work has been planned primarily for men and 
women of mature age and with some farm experience. 

EXPENSES 

Tuition and Fees. — No tuition or other fees are charged 
those attending the short courses. 

Rooms and Board. — Owing to the overflow of students at 
the University this year, the dormitories are full, but rooms 
can be had in private homes near the campus or in the down- 
town section. A list of such available rooms will be fur- 
nished the students upon their arrival ; or if preferred, as- 
signments to rooms will be made on request before arrival 
at Gainesville. 

Hotel accommodations can be had with or without board, 
at reasonable prices. 

Board in the University Dining Hall may be had at 85 
■cents per day. Single meals will be furnished at 35 cents 
each. There are several cafes and boarding houses in town. 

Books and Clothing. — Such books, note paper, and pencils 
as are needed can be secured at the University Book Store 
at student rates. Students in the Tractor Course will find 
it desirable to have overalls for working around the ma- 
chinery. 

instructions 

Those coming to the University to take the Short Courses 
will report first to the office of the Dean in the College of 
Agriculture building. They will be registered here, and 
meal tickets provided for those who care to eat in the Uni- 
versity dining room. 

Since it will be helpful to know approximately the ex- 
pected attendance upon the courses before their beginning, 
those proposing to attend are requested to notify the Dean, 
College of Agriculture, Gainesville, as soon as a decision 
is reached. 

Registration should be made at once, specifying the course 
desired. 



Farmers' Short Course 



COURSE IN ANIMAL HUSBANDRY AND GENERAL 
AGRICULTURE 

January 6 to 16, 1920 

Florida is a pioneer state. It is only recently that her 
general agriculture has been put on a stable basis. She is 
just now on the verge of a great development. The razor- 
back hog and the tick-infested range cow can still be seen, 
but they are fast being replaced by the better breeds of 
animals. Fields of cotton are still grown, but they are 
becoming fewer. In the new agriculture, live stock and 
dairying is being made the basis. Fields of corn, velvet 
beans, cane, sorghum, sweet potatoes, and peanuts are tak- 
ing the place of the cotton. Better fences, better homes, 
better credit is evident on every hand. 

Every farmer must take a part in this great change from 
the old to the new. There is no longer any place for the 
razorback hog and the ticky cow ; the boll weevil is making 
cotton growing impossible. To make the change, the farmer 
must have knowledge. This he may obtain by observing 
the work of his more progressive neighbor; by reading 
his agricultural papers and the bulletins of the Experiment 
Station ; by cooperating with his County Agent and by at- 
tending the courses at the Agricultural College. 

The Agricultural College forms a part of the vanguard 
of the agricultural development in every state. The Col- 
lege of Agriculture of the University of Florida is perform- 
ing its part in the development of agriculture in Florida. 
The Short Course in Animal Husbandry and General Agri- 
culture is planned to meet the present needs of the Florida 
farmer. It is arranged to give the greatest amount of 
useful information in the shortest amount of time. 

Soils and Fertilizers. — A knowledge of these subjects is 
important in the new agriculture. The points of greatest 
importance under present conditions will be emphasized. 

Farm Management. — In the old agriculture, not much 
management was required. Cotton followed cotton, year 



10 University of Florida 

after year. The stock ran free on the ranges. The matter 
of building up the soil was given scant consideration. With 
the new agriculture, farm management is all important. 
The farm must be organized; the fields given proper size; 
equipment selected ; crops chosen ; and work planned. These 
matters will be discussed in detail in this course and ex- 
amples shown. 

Field and Forage Crops. — The selection of crops and the 
methods used in growing them are important considera- 
tions. The growing of sorghum, corn, Japanese cane, le- 
gumes, sweet potatoes, peanuts, and other crops and their 
place in Florida agriculture will be studied. 

Animal Husbandry. — The work offered in Animal Hus- 
bandry will include lectures and demonstrations dealing 
with the breeding, feeding, care, management, and judging 
of the various classes of farm animals. Examples of the 
best breeds of hogs and cattle will be available for study. 

Dairying. — Dairy practices for use on the general farm 
will be given special consideration. The Babcock test for 
fat in milk will be taught. Farm separators, the care of 
milk and cream, and other topics of special interest will be 
discussed. 

Veterinary Science. — The work in this subject will in- 
clude the care and treatment of sick animals ; treatment of 
common diseases, and minor operations. Special attention 
will be given to hog cholera, tuberculosis, and the foot and 
mouth disease. Clinics will be held and practice work 
given. 

Fai^m Machinery. — Special study will be made of the 
implements and machinery that may be used to advantage 
on Florida farms. Several companies will have complete 
displays of machinery on hand for study and demonstra- 
tion. A number of gas tractors will be available for study 
and practice work. 



Farmers' Short Course 11 

schedule of course in animal husbandry and 
general agriculture 

January 6 to 16 

Tuesday, January 6 

9:00 — Opening Exercises. 
10:00 — Gas Engines, Principles and Types. 
11:00 — Poultry Keeping in Florida. 

2:00 — The Place of Animals in Agriculture. 

3:00 — Horses and Mules for the Farm. 

4:00 — Judging Horses and Mules. 

Wednesday, January 7 

8:00 — Florida Soils, Their Nature and Uses. 

9:00 — Fruit on the Farm. 
10:00— Breeds of Beef Cattle. 
11:00 — Feeding Test with Beef Cattle. 

2:00 — Importance of Veterinary Science in Florida. 
3 to 5 — Judging Beef Cattle. 

Thursday, January 8 

8:00— Florida Soils: How to Handle Them. 

9:00 — Feeding and Management of Work Animals. 
10:00 — Principles of Animal Breeding. 
11:00— The Silo in Florida. 

2:00 — Common Diseases of Work Animals and Their Treatment. 
3 to 5 — Examination for Soundness. 

Friday, January 9 

8:00 — Forage Grasses for Florida. 

9:00 — Fertilizers, Their Nature and Uses. 
10:00— Breeds of Dairy Cattle. 
11:00 — Common Diseases of Cattle. ■ 

2:00 — Building up Herds and Flocks. 
3 to 5 — Judging Dairy Cattle. 

Saturday, January 10 

8:00 — Leguminous Forage Crops for Florida. 

9:00 — How to Buy Fertilizers. 
10:00 — Breeds of Swine and Sheep. i 

11:00 — Hog Cholera and Diseases Resembling .Same. 

2:00— The Future of the Beef Industry. 
3 to 5 — Vaccination for Hog Cholera. 

Monday, January 12 

8:00 — How to Have a Good Garden on Every Farm. 

9:00 — Benefits of the University Extension to the Florida Farmer.' 
10:00 — Principles of Animal Feeding. 
11:00 — Preventive Measures and Hygiene. 

2:00 — Producing Pork and Lard for the Home. 
3 to 5 — Judging Swine and Sheep. 



12 



University of Florida 




Giving instruction in the vaccination of hogs 



Tuesday, January 13 

8:00 — The Purchase, Use and Care of Farm Machinery. 

9:00 — Profits to be Expected from Livestock and Crops. 
10:00 — Disinfection and Sanitation. 
11:00 — Feeding Test with Hogs. 

2:00 — Dairying in Florida. 
3 to 5 — Feeding and Handling the Dairy Cow. The Babcock Test. 

Wednesday, January lU 

8:00 — Ways of Reducing the E.xpenses Between Producer and Consumer. 

9:00 — How to Obtain Quick Information for Your Farm Troubles. 
10:00 — Tuberculosis and the Tuberculin Test. 
11:00 — Feeding Test with Dairy Cows. 

2:00 — Insect Pests of Farm Crops and How to Control Them. 

3:00 — Controlling Bacteria in the Dairy. 

4:00 — Tick Eradication. 

Thursday, January 15 

8:00— Grain Crops for Florida and Their Utility. 

9:00 — Most Important Factors in Profitable Farm Organization. 
10:00 — Diseases and Treatment of Animals During Pregnancy and Parturition. 
11:00 — Contagious Abortion. 

2:00 — Sugar Making on the Farm. 

3:00 — Butter and Cream in Florida. 

4:00— Butter Making. 

Friday, January 16 

8:00— Boys and Girls' Clubs in Florida, and What They Are Doing. 

9:00 — Florida's Law as It Affects the Farmer. 
10:00 — Parasitic Diseases. 
11:00 — The Plant Board and How It Helps to Control Diseases. 

2:00 — Bee Keeping in Florida. 

3:00— City Milk Inspection. 

4:00 — Scoring Dairies Near University. 



Farmers' Short Course 13 

COURSE IN POULTRY HUSBANDRY 
January 6 to 16, 1920 

The course in Poultry Husbandry should be helpful at 
this time. No other state in the Union is like Florida in its 
climate and its opportunities for profitable poultry keeping. 
With good markets within its borders, green grass ranges 
twelve months in the year, no need for closed and costly 
houses, and feeds to be had for the raising, it is easy to 
understand the demand for this second complete course in 
poultry production. 

The farmers are increasing the size of their flocks and 
adopting better methods of care and feeding. The "back- 
yard campaigns" have stimulated interest in town lot poul- 
try keeping. The newcomers from other states are asking 
for help to meet their needs as they start under our blue 
skies and comfortable all-the-year conditions. 

Florida is the size of all the New England states, with a 
wider range in its advantages for poultry raising. A study 
of these advantages will form a part of the course. Not only 
will the subjects be covered in formal lectures, but the 
round-table plan of discussion will also be followed. 

Florida needs more poultry and eggs to supply present 
needs. This course is part of the plan to stimulate in- 
creased poultry production. There should be good poultry 
on every farm, in every grove and in the backyards of 
every town. 



14 University of Florida 

schedule of course in poultry husbandry 

January 6 to 16, 1920 

Tuesday, January 6 

9:00 — Opening Exercises. 
10:00 — Gas Engines, Principles and Types. 
11:00 — Poultry Keeping in Florida. 

2:00 — The Place of Animals in Agriculture. 

3:00 — Selecting of Breeding Stock. 

4:00 — Eighteen Months' Experience With Trapnests. 

Wednesday, January 7 

8:00 — ^Florida Soils, and Their Nature and Uses. 

9:0.0 — J^ruit on the Farm. 
10:00 — Brooding and Brooders.' 
11:00— The Growing of Profitable Pullets. 

2:00 — Importance of Veterinary Science in Florida. 

3:00 — Florida Feeds and Pastures. 

4:00 — Internal Structure of the Hen in Relation to Production. 

Thursday, January 8 

8:00 — Florida Soils: How to Handle Them. 

9:00 — Feeding and Management of Work Animals. 
10:00— The Farm Flock. 
11:00— Breeds of Poultry. (I.) 

2:00 — Common Diseases of Work Animals and Their Treatment. 

3:00 — Forage Crops for Poultry. 

4:00 — Florida Bugs for Florida Hens. 

Friday, January 9 

8:00 — Forage Grasses for Florida. 

9:00 — Fertilizers, Their Nature and Uses. 
10:00 — Houses, Equipment and Yards. 
11:00 — Beginners' Problems — Round Table. 

2:00 — Building Up Herds and Flocks. 

3:00— Breeds of Poultry. (H.) 

4:00 — Advertising the Farm and Farm Products. 

Saturday, January 10 

8:00 — Leguminous Forage Crops for Florida. 

9:00 — How to Buy Fertilizers. 
10:00— The Backyard Flock. 
11:00 — Poultry Feeds and Feeding. 

2:00 — The Future of -the Beef Industry. 
3 to 5 — Visit to Backyard Poultry Flocks. 

Monday, January 12 

8:00 — How to Have a Good Garden on Every Farm. 

9:00— Benefits of the University Extension to Florida Farmers. 
10:00 — Sanitation in Yards and Houses. 
11:00 — Management of Laying and Breeding Stock. 

2:00 — Producing Pork and Lard for the Home. 

3:00 — Marketing Poultry Products. 

4:00 — The Growing of Better Pullets. 

Tuesday, January 13 
8:00— The Purchase, Use and Care of Farm Machinery. 
9:00 — Profits to Be Expected from Livestock and Crops. 



Farmers' Short Course 



15" 



10:00 — Poultry Paz-asites. 
11:00— Poultry Ailments. 

2:00 — Dairying in Florida. 

3:00 — Natural and Artificial Incubation. 

4:00 — The Home Demonstration Work in Poultry Production. 

Wednesday, January H 
8:00 — Ways of Reducing the E.vpenses Between Producer and Consumer. 

9:00 — How to Obtain Quick Information for Your Farm Troubles. 
10:00— Selecting the Egg Type of Hen Without Trapnests. 
11:00— Grain Crops for Poultry. 

2:00 — Insect Pests of Farm Crops and How to Control Them. 

3:00— Types of Houses for Small Flock. 

4:00 — Egg Circles — Preservation of Eggs. 

Thursday, January 15 

8:00 — Grain Crops for Florida and Their Utility. 

9:00 — ^Most Important Factors in Profitable Farm Organization. 
10:00 — Demonstration in Judging and Candling Eggs. 
11:00 — Fitting, Showing and Judging Poultry. 

2:00 — Sugar Making on the Farm. 

3:00 — Cooking and Canning Poultry. 

4:00— The Farm Woman's Flock. 

Friday, January 16 

8:00 — Boys and Girls' Clubs in Florida, and What They Are Doing. 

9:00 — Florida Law as It Affects the Farmer. 
10:00 — Meeting Florida Poultry Problems. 
11:00 — Killing and Dressing. 

2:00 — Bee Keeping in Florida. 

3:00 — Turkeys, Ducks and Guineas. 

4:00 — Cooperative Plan in Placing Standard Bred Poultry. 




Some of the Students who attended the Short Course in Poultry- 
Husbandry last year 



l6 University of Florida 



COURSE IN CITRUS CULTURE AND VEGETABLE 

GROWING 

January 6 to 16, 1920 

The prospective citrus grower should know the charac- 
teristic of good grove soil, stock and varieties that are 
adapted to different locations, and the fertilizer require- 
ments of young trees. The older growers may need informa- 
tion on cultivation, fertilization, and care of his trees ; and 
aid in identifying the troublesome insects and diseases that 
he may apply the best methods of control at proper time and 
in the most effective way. 

The man who grows and markets first class fruit, need 
have no fear of overproduction. There is no telling how soon 
poor quality fruit may not pay the cost of producing it. It 
is important to know what to do in order to produce good 
fruit and then have the energy and determination to do it. 
The Short Course will aid the grower in knowing what to 
do ; it will be up to him to do it. 

The growing of vegetables for shipment to Northern 
markets is an important industry in Florida. The time of 
growing them and the methods that investigation and ex- 
perience have shown to be the most successful may be 
studied with profit under teachers who have given thought 
and attention to them. 

The home garden should be an aid in reducing the high 
cost of living in every home. The vegetables that may be 
grown during the different seasons, including summer when 
many think there is no use to try to grow them, will be 
studied. The insects and diseases of vegetable crops and 
remedies for them are questions in which all are interested, 
and these will be discussed at the Short Course, 

Altho the annual rainfall is great it is not well distributed 
thruout the year. The conservation of moisture in our 
light sandy soils and the use of irrigation for certain crops 
that are grown during the drier part of the year may make 
the difference between success and failure. These subjects 
will come in for a share on the program. 



Farmers' Short Course 17 

schedule in citrus culture and vegetable growing 

January 6 to 16, 1920 

Tuesday, January 6 
9:00 — Opening Exercises. 
10:00 — Gas Engines, Principles and Types. 
11:00 — Poultry Keeping in Florida. 
2:00 — The Place of Animals in Agriculture. 
3 to 5 — Characteristics of different species of Citrus to be found on the 
Campus. 

Wednesday, January 7 

8:00— Florida Soils, Their Nature and Uses. 
9:00 — Fruit on the Farm. 
10:00 — Soils Adapted to Citrus; Preparation; Cultivation; Cover Crop. 
11:00 — Citrus Varieties; Stock for Different Soils; Age and Size of Trees 
for Planting; Pedigreed Trees. 
2:00 — Importance of Veterinary Science in Florida. 
3 to 5 — Judging Citrus Soils. Score Card Method. Orchard Plans, Laying Out. 

Thursday, January 8 

8:00— Florida Soils; How to Handle Them. 
9:00 — Feeding and Management of Work Animals. 
10:00— Citrus White Flies and Their Control. 
11:00 — Scale Insects and Their Control. 

2:00 — Common Diseases of Work Animals and Their Treatment. 
3 to .5 — Identification of Insects to be Found on the Campus. Study of Pre- 
served Specimens. 

Friday, January 9 

8:00 — Forage Grasses for Florida. 

9:00 — Fertilizers; Their Nature and Uses. 
10:00 — Fertilizers for Growth and Fruit Production. 
11:00 — Mealy Bugs, Mites and Minor Insects of Citrus. 

2:00— Building Up Herds and Flocks. 
3 to 5 — Spray Mixture and Spraying Machinery. 

Saturday, January 10 

8:00 — Leguminous Forage Crops for Florida. 

9:00 — How to Buy Fertilizers. 
10:00 — -Diseases of Citrus: Wither Tip, Gummosis, Foot-Rot. 
11:00 — Diseases of Citrus: Scaly Bark, Melanose, Stem-end Rot, Scab. 

2:00— The Future of the Beef Industry. 

3:00 — Identification of Diseases to be Found on Campus. 

4:00 — Study of Preserved Specimens. 

Monday, January 12 

8:00 — How to Have a Good Garden on Every Farm. 

9:00— Benefit of the University Extension to Florida Farmers. 
10:00 — The Canker Fight; What Has Been Accomplished. 
11:00 — Nursery Ispection and What It Means to the Grower. 

2:00 — Producing Pork and Lard for the Home. 
3 to 5 — Laboratory Study of Diseases. 



18 University of Florida 



Tuesday, January 13 

8:00 — The Purchase, Use and Care of Farm Machinery. 

9:00 — Profits to be Expected from Livestock and Crops. 
10:00 — The Home Vegetable Garden. 
11:00— Seed Beds, Seed Testing, Saving Seed. 

2:00 — Dairying in Florida. 
3 to 5 — Demonsti-B-tion of Implements Used in Seeding and Cultivating. 

Wednesday, January lU 

8:00 — -Ways of Reducing the E.xpenses Between Producer and Consumer. 

9:00 — How to Obtain Quiclv Information for Your Farm Troubles. 
10:00^Irrigation Methods, Manures and Fertilizers. 
11:00 — Preparing the Soil, Planting, and Cultivating the Crop. 

2:00 — Insect Pests of Farm Crops and How to Control Them. 
3 to 5 — Study of Types of Irrigation in Use on the Farm. 

Thursday, January 15 

8:00 — Grain Crops for Florida and Their Utility. 

9:00 — Most Important Factors in Profitable Farm Organization. 
10:00 — Troublesome Insects of Truck Crops and Their Control. 
11:00 — Troublesome Diseases of Truck Crops and Their Control. 

2:00 — Sugar Making on the Farm. 
3 to 5 — Identification of Insects and Diseases to be Found on the Farm. 

Friday, January 16 

8:00— Boys and Girls' Clubs in Florida, and What They Are Doing. 

9:00 — Florida's Law as It Affects the Farmer. 
10:00— Styles of Packages and Method of Shipping. 
11:00— Some Aids in Deciding What is Best to Plant. 

2:00 — Bee Keeping in Florida. 
3 to 5 — Visit to Plant Board and Experiment Station. 



Farmers' Short Course 19 



COURSE IN TRACTORS AND GENERAL 
AGRICULTURE 

January 6 to 16, 1920 

The use of the gas tractor in Florida is being rapidly 
extended, and has occasioned a demand for a short practical 
course in tractor operation and management. It is becom- 
ing recognized that the success of the tractor depends to a 
large extent upon the skill with which it is operated. 

Realizing this, the College of Agriculture has arranged 
to cooperate with a number of manufacturers in giving this 
year a short course in gas tractors. The course will consist 
of lectures and discussions on the subject of gas and oil 
engines, their accessories and equipment, and the application 
of these to farm tractors. 

Enough lectures on soils, fertilizers, crops, and animal 
husbandry will be included in this course to give a man 
valuable information on all phases of farming. 

The practice work will consist of shop work, dismantling, 
adjusting, and repairing tractors, under the direction of 
experienced mechanics. Some field practice will be offered, 
but emphasis will be placed upon instruction planned to 
train the operator to detect mechanical troubles as they 
arise, to make competent inspection of the condition of the 
tractor, and to make necessary adjustments and repairs. 

A number of different tractors will be available for use. 
Each will be in charge of an experienced service man. A 
collection of charts, tractor parts, and accessories will be 
on hand to illustrate and facilitate instruction. The en- 
gineering shops will be available for practice work in me- 
chanics as related to the tractor. Discussions and demon- 
strations of tractor plows and other implements will be a 
feature of the course. 

Besides the instructors of the College and Experiment 
Station, tractor and plow specialists will give lectures and 
aid with the practice work. 



20 



University of Florida 



Opportunity will be given each student to do actual prac- 
tice work as far as possible, some of which work will consist 
of the following exercises, assigned to different groups in 
turn: 



Carburetor adjustment. 
Igniter timing. 
Valve timing. 
Ignition troubles. 
Clutch adjustment. 
Gas-engine testing. 
Inspection and operation 

tractors. 
Babbitting of bearings. 



of 



Pipe fitting. 

Soldering. 

Field practice with tractors, 
plows, and other tillage im- 
plements. 

Forage practice. 

Welding. 

Sharpening of plow shares. 




Demonstration with Tractor Plow 



Farmers' Short Course 21 

tentative schedule of short course in tractors 
and general agriculture 

January 6 to 16, 1920 

Tuesday, January 6 

9:00 — Opening Exercises. 
10:00 — Gas Engine Principles and Types. 
11:00 — Poultry Keeping in Florida. 

2:00 — The Place of Animals in Agriculture. 
3 to 5— Fuels. 

Wednesday, January 7 

8:00— Florida Soils; Their Nature and Uses. 

9:00 — Fruit on the Farm. 
10:00— Carburetors. 
11:00— Practice Work. 

2:00 — Importance of Veterinary Science in Florida. 

3:00— Ignition. 

4:00 — Practice Period. 

Thursday, January 8 

8:00— Florida Soils: How to Handle Them. 

9:00 — Feeding and Management of Work Animals. 
10:00 — Magnetoes. 
11:00 — Practice Period. 

2:00 — Common Diseases of Work Animals and Their Treatment. 

3:00 — Magnetoes. 

4:00 — Practice Period. 

Friday, January 9 

8:00 — Forage Grasses for Florida. 

9:00 — Fertilizers, Their Nature and Uses. 
10:00 — Governing and Cooling Apparatus.- 
11:00 — Practice Period. 

2:00— Building Up Herds and Flocks. 

3:00 — Lubricators and Lubrication. 

4:00 — Practice Period. 

Saturday, January 10 
8:00 — Leguminous Forage Crops for Florida. 

9:00 — How to Buy Fertilizers. 
10:00 — Value of Timing and Adjustment. 
11:00 — Practice Period. 

2:00— The Future of the Beef Industry. 

3:00— Tractor Motor. 

4:00 — Practice Period. 

Monday, January 12 

8:00 — How to Have a Good Garden on Every Farm. 

9:00 — Benefits of the University Extension to Florida Farmers. 
10:00 — Tractor Types, Adaptability, and Construction. 
11:00 — Practice Period. 

2:00 — Producing Pork and Lard for the Home. 

3:00 — Practice Period. 

4:00 — Practice Period. 



22 University of Florida 



Tuesday, January 13 

8:00 — The Purchase, Use and Care of Farm Machinery. 

9:00 — Profits to be Expected from Livestock and Crops. 
10:00 — Tractor Repairing. 
11:00 — Practice Period. 

2:00 — Dairying in Florida. 

3:00 — Tractor Repairing. 4. 

4:00 — Practice Period. 

Wednesday, January H 

8:00 — Ways of Reducing the Expenses Between Producer and Consumer. 

9:00 — How to Obtain Quiclc Information for Your Farm Troubles. 
10:00— Gas Engine Troubles. 
11:00 — Practice Period. 

2:00 — Insect Pests of Farm Crops and How to Control Them. 

3:00 — Tractor Operation. 

4:00 — Practice Period. 

Thursday, January 15 

8:00— Grain Crops for Florida and Their Utility. 

9:00 — Most Important Factors in Profitable Farm Organization. 
10:00 — Plows and Tractor Implements. 
11:00— Practice Period. 

2:00 — Sugar Making on the Farm. 

3:00 — Tractor Operation. 

4:00 — Practice Period. 

Friday, January 16 

8:00 — Boys and Girls' Clubs in Florida, and What They Are Doing. 

9:00 — Florida's Law As It Affects the Farmer. 
10:00— Tillage Methods. 
11:00 — Practice Period. 

2:00— Bee Keeping in Florida. 

3:00— Tractor Operation. 

4:00 — Practice Period. 




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