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CONCORD N. C. NOV. 19, 1921, 

NO. 3 

A Reflection. 

"With harrowing memories of more than ten million 
men who laid down their lives in the awful holocaust 
from which we have just emerged; of countless homes 
bearing burdens of anguish and suffering; of the desola- 
tion and pestilence that have sprung from the war, and 
still ravage whole peoples; and most of all, of the after- 
math of bitterness, suspicion and hate, which prevade 
all lands; let us insist far more vigorously than ever be- 
fore, that war is an unmitigated curse to humanity, and 
a denial of the Christian gosp'el. Let us declare plainly 
that in every war the Son of Man is put to shame anew, 
and that every battle-field is a Calvary on which Christ 
is Crucified afresh. 

Let us not shrink from proclaiming unequivocally that 
war is not a necessity; that the pacific settlement of ev- 
ery international question is possible; that a warless 
world can really be achieved. Let our witness be un- 
mistakable that force is not the final arbiter among the 
nations, but that justice, reason and good-will can con- 
trol the life of nations, as well as the life of individual 
men. To continue to point to the mailed fist as our ul- 
timate reliance, and to' carry on a program of mutual 
distrust and fea.-, is to undermine the very foundation 
of our Christian faith," 




Bj'fMi mm 

Between the South and Washington and New York 




No. 36 

12.00Ni £ hi 
g 11.45AM 
1.05 PM 
1.30 PM 

No. 138 

11.40 AM 
4.50 PM 

8.05 PM 


12.30 noor 
12.40 PM 
5.50 PM 

No. 38 


Iv Terminal Station (Cent. Tin 
Iv | Peachtree Station (Cent. Tin 
ax GREENVILLE, S.C. (East. Tin 
ar High Point, N. C. 

No. 37 


5.50 PM 
5.30 PM 
1.00 PM 
9.20 AM 

No. 137 

4.30 PM 
1. 00 PM 
II. 52AM 

No. 35 

9.05 PM 
7.45 PM 


9.. I.AM 



WinEton-Salem, N. C. 

6.50 PM 

5.30 AM 



Raleigh, N. C. 




Norfolk. Va. 






nd, Va, 

3.45 PM 



11.00 PM 



12.20 PM 
12.35 PM 
2.40 PM 

2.00 PM 
4.05 PM 

BALTMORE, MD., Penna. Sya. 
NEW YORK, Penna. System 

9.00 PM 
3.30 PM 
1.53 PM 
11.38 AM 


3. OS AM 
5.47 PM 


i, Washington and Naw York. 


No*. 37 and 13. NEW YORK & NEW ORLEANS LIMITED. Solid Pullman train. Drawing room 
New Orleans, Montgomery. Atlanta, Washington and Now York. Sleeping car northbound between Atlai 
Club car. Libra ry-Obiervat ion car. No coaches. 

Nas. 137 & 138. ATLANTA SPECIAL. Drawing room sleeping car* between Macon, Columbui, Atl 
Washington-Son Francisco tourist sleeping car southbound. Dining car. Coaches. 

Noa. 29 & 30. BIRMINGHAM SPECIAL. Drawing room sleeping car* between Birmingham, Atlanta, ' 
San Francisco- Washington touriat sleeping car northbound. Sleeping car between Richmond and Atlanta sin 
Dining car. Coaches. 

Noa. 35 & 35. NEW YORK, WASHINGTON, ATLANTA & NEW ORLEANS EXPRESS. Drawing room sleeping cars between New 
Orleans. Montgomery, Birmingham, Atlanta and Washington and New York. Dining car. Coaches. 

Note: Nos. 23 and 30 use Peachtree Street Station only at Atlanta. 

Note: Train No. 133 connects at Washington with "COLONIAL EXPRESS," through train to Boston via Hall Gate Bridge Route, 
leaving Washington 8.15 A. M. via Penna. System. 


^§S?Uj«/ The Double Tracked Trunk Line Between Atlanta, Co. and Washington, D. C. ^^ 


The Uplift r zoj 



The Authority of the Stonewall Jackson Manual Training and Industrial School. 
Type-Setting by the Boys' Printing Class. Subscription Two Dollars the Year in 

JAMES P. COOK, Editor. 

JESSE C. FISHER, Director Printing Department 

Entered as second-class matter Dec. 4, 1920, at the Post Office at Concord, N 
C, under the Act of March 3, 1879. 


God of our fathers, known of old- 
Lord of our far-flung battle line — 
Beneath whose awful hand we hold 
Dominion o'er palm and pine- 
Lord God of Hosts, be with us yet, 
Lest we forget— lest we forget! 

The tumult and the shouting dies — 
The Captains and the Kings depart- 
Still stands Thine ancient sacrifice, 
An humble and a contrite heart. 
Lord God of Hosts, be with us yet, 
Lest we forget — lest we forget! 



You must give if you expect to receive— give happiness, friendship, love, 
joy, and you will find them floating back to you. Sometimes you will give 
more that you receive. We all do that in some of our relations, but it as 
true a pleasure often to give without return as life can afford us. We 


must not make bargains with the heart, as we would with the butcher 
for his meat. Our business is to give— what we can get to give. The re- 
turn we have nothing to do with. It will all come in due time— in this 

world or another. Samuel Bowles. 



The Uplift has received the Annual Report of the Public Schools of 
Wilkes county. It is a pamphlet of fifty-two pages, telling the story of all 
school activities *in the county during the year ending July, 1921. 

No such a report would have occasion to appear in a county other than one 
directed by a real, live school man. Though Wilkes county is geographically 
nearly twice as large as Cabarrus, mountainous and offering many difficult- 
ties not experienced in many other counties, this man C. C. Wright, the 
superintendent for years, has made of it one of the most advanced edu- 
cationally in the State. With vision, indominatable energy and marked abil- 
ity, he has gone about his problems, heroically with the proud result that 
foe pushes his work rather than let the work push him. 

When the time for the opening of the schools arrives, he's ready. He be- 
gins to plan for the next before present schools close. He has his teachers 
in line; he keeps in touch with them— he knows them and they know him. 

Mr. Wright's Board backs him up in all his enterprising and progressive 
efforts. Under the head of "Standard of Excellence" he publishes in his 
annual report the 47 schools that met the conditions; the honor-roll for 
teachers carries the names of 49 teachers (white) and 7 (colored); pub- 
lishes the names of thirty-three children in the county that made a contin- 
uous seven years' perfect attendance; and three, who made perfect at- 
tendance for eleven years; he also publishes the names of those children 
during the past year that made a perfect attendance record— the number 
is inspiring; there appear 239 names representing those in the public 
schools that did not miss a word in the spelling lessons of the entire school. 

In 1900 the per cent of illiteracy was 13— to-day it is just one per cent. 
This tells in part the great work Prof. Wright has accomplished with a hard 
educational problem, under most adverse conditions. It is an object lesson 
for those who are waiting for something to happen, 



The semi-annual meeting of the Board of Trustees of the Jackson Train- 


ing School was held in Directors' Room, in the school building, at 2:30 on 
the afternoon of the 8th. There was in attendence Mesdames Burgwyn, 
Bickett, Coble, Cooper and Miss Shaw, and Messrs Coltrane, Blair, Wharton, 
Cone, and Cook. Superintendent Boger attending the meeting by invitation. 

The biennial election of officers of the Board took place, resulting in the 
unanimous re-election of the old officers as following: Mr. J. P. Cook, 
chairman; Mrs. W. H. S. Burgywn, Vice-chairman; Mr. J. J. Blair, secre- 
tray; and Mr. D. B. Coltrane, Treasurer. The Executive Committee is 
composed, by the constitution, of the chairman, treasurer and the superin- 

Ttie Board expressed its pleasure over the development of the plant 
since its last meeting in May. The new Latham Pavilion came in for mark- 
ed and complimentary appreciation. The Memorial Bridge and the new 
art glass in the windows of the chapel were much admired. All these are 
additions, by friends, entailing no cost whatever to the treasury of the 

Superintendent Boger made his report and a few recommendations, a- 
mong them the employment of a nurse. The absence of sickness made 
the request rather peculiar, but when an exhibit of how many toes became 
stumped, fingers scratched, boils developing and other little things that 
happen to growing boys, the services of some one is needed nearly every 
day. There is, after all, more in prevention than in cure; and since our 
enrollment is nearing two hundred and will soon go beyond, it seemed 
wise to authorize the taking on of some one who can fill the place of a 

The Board found occasion to commend the management, expressing 
its pleasure of the prosperous condition and appearance of the whole 
plant. Adjournment was taken to the second Tuesday in May, 1922, the 
regular time for meeting. 




Mr. B. Clegg Ashcraft, the editor of the Monroe Enquirer for twenty- 
eight years, died on the 10th, after several weeks' illness. Several 
years ago he suffered a severe attack of the flue, during which illness his 
heart became involved. 

Mr. Ashcraft was a man of high integrity; he had positive views about 
things, and fearlessly and forcibly stood by them; he was a loyal friend and 
wielded a wide influence, personally and through his paper. He was the 



first student to enter the A. &M. College, when its doors were first thrown 

From his own paper, The Enquirer, in whose conduct he had the loyal 
association of his brother, we quote his last words: 

"If this be death tell the people I meet it unafraid." 
"Duty! The greatest word in the English language," 
"We have worked together for many years. We have always tried to 
do our duty." 



Plummer Stewart, Esq., of Charlotte, is a lawyer. He is a mixer and a 
believer in causes that affect the great common, or so-called middle class. 
He does not despise the rich— in fact he is very fond of them and loves to 
represent them professionally—but his heart prompts him to serve the 
average folks in their struggles for education and material progress. 

For quite a period he served as the chairman of the Board of School 
Commissioners of Charlotte. In the language of the street, he made good. 
But at the last election, it became necessary to retire him to make room 
for a lady member. But Stewart did not remain out of the educational 
harness very long. Recently they drafted him to fill a vacancy on the 
County Board of Education, making him chairman. To that position he 
brings a broad experience, faithfulness and wisdom. 

Goose Creek township of Union county has been put on the map by 
producing such men as Stewart, McCall, Cy Long and others who have 
been heard of in no small way in the Queen City. 


The two buildings, which have been under construction for the past eight 
weeks, and which are to house our bakery, laundry, ice plant, cold storage 
equipment and a general supply storage, are nearing completion. These 
buildings are fire-proof The machinery will be installed at an early day, 
and instead of buying much bread we will make it ourselves and train 
many boys in the business of baking. And it will be a happy change from 
the open at the spring to the laundry. And the Rockingham Cottage 
which contractor Query is building, is taking on fine form. It will be un- 
der roof before real winter sets in. 


We are beholden to Mr. H. V. Rose, county Superintedent of Welfare of 


Johnson county, writing from Smithfield:"I regard The Uplift as one of 
the very best papers that come into my hands. After reading each issue, 
put it on file to hand to the teachers of the county or others who would 
appreciate it. It is worthy of a great success and a wide circulation." 
The great majority of the county welfare workers are now subscribers to 
our paper, and if what Mr. Rose and others say, it is not clear why all of 
these important workers should not find it worth-while in their work. 
Ours is a kindred work and spirit. 


Under date of November 10th, Hon. Heriot Clarkson, one of the leading 
members of the Charlotte bar, and a conspicuously active and valuable 
force in state affairs, writes: "Please find enclosed check for ten dollars. 
Send me The Uplift for the coming year. You can send the other copies 
to any friends you desire. It is a great pleasure to know of the great 
work the school is doing. Kind regards, &c, &c.'' It will be our pleasure 
to comply with this order. Next. 


A prominent Albemarle lady, refusing to accept The Uplift at its adver- 
tised subscripton price, which is two dollars, sends her check for five dollars. 
These things and these acts seem to make the Linotype produce finer music; 
and Master Faucette, our institutional reporter, who is also one of the 
printer boys, comments "it is very cheap at five." 


The number of automobile licenses, including permits for Fords, has 
passed 131,000. Secretary of State Grimes has already made the order for 
the license tags for the year 1921 — 1922. The tags cost the state seven 
and one-eighth cents apiece. 177,000 have been ordered. 


Governor Morrison has called an extra session of the General Assembly 
to meet on December 6th. The chief business occasioning this meeting 
are the municipial acts and the cause of education — both badly balled up. 

• ***•• * 

The Deaf Carolinian, a strictly institutional paper issued by The School 
for The North Carolina Deaf, has adopted the weekly appearance rather 
than twice-a-month. Throughout its columns it breathes life and hope,) 


"So near, yet so far," was completely realized last week by Hon. W. N. 
Everett, of Rockingham. Mr. Everett had been invited to deliver an ad- 
dress upon the occasion of the presentation of the Memorial Bridge. He 
started in his car through the country, but got swamped in a Cabarrus 
County detour road causing him a delay of such length within three miles 
of the Jackson Training School that he missed the appointment. There 
was keen regret on the part of The King's Daughters and the School that 
they were deprived of the presence of thiselegent gentleman and prominent 
leader in North Carolina affairs. 


Once upon a time there was a Miser who used to hide his gold at 
the foot of a tree in his garden; but every week he used to go and 
dig it up and gloat over his gains. A robber, who had noticed this, 
went and dug up the gold and decamped with it. When the Miser 
next came to gloat over his treasures, he found nothing but the 
empty hole. He tore his hair, and raised such an outcry that all of 
the neighbors came around him, and he told them how he used to 
come and visit his gold. "Did you ever take any of it out?" asked 
one of them. 

"Nay," said he, "I only came to look at it." 

Then come again and look at the hole," said a neighbor; it wiil do 
you just as much good." 



There's Place In Life For the Anecdote. 

FITZ HUGH LEE: A certain Confederate colonel was making a political 
speech in a Virginia court house. "Talk about my war record," he said, 
"why, my war record is a part of the State's history. Why, gentlemen, 
I carried the last Confederate flag through this very town." 

"Yes," replied Fitz Hugh Lee, 
"for I was here at the time." ' ' Thank 
you for your fortunate recollection," 
gratefully exclaimed the colonel. 
"It is pleasant to know that there 
still live some men who move aside 
envy and testify to the courage of 
their fellow beings. As I say, gen 
tlemen, my war record is a part of 
the State's history, for the gentle- 
man here will tell you that I carried 
the last Confederate flag through 
this town." 

"That's a fact," said Fitz Hugh. 
"I saw him do it. He carried the 
Confederate flag through this town, 
but Kilpatrick and Ellsworth were 
after him, and he carried it so blame 
fast you couldn't have told whether 
it was a Confederate flag or a small- 
pox warning." 

charged with great egotism. When 
his work, "Tnirty Years in the Unit- 
ed States Senate, was ready for press, 
the publishers sent a messenger to 
ascertain how many copies he desir- 
ed. He answered: "Sir, they can 
ascertain from the last census how 
many persons there are in the Unit- 
ed States who can read, sir." 

A short time after Calhoun's death, 
a friend said to Benton,, "I suppose, 
Colonel, you won't persue Calhoun 
beyond J;he grave?" to which he re- 


"No, sir. When God 
lays his hand upon a man, 
mine off, sir." 

sir, I take 

A Formor Citizen Dead. 

Older residents of Concord will recall 
Mr. Ruply Schseffer, son of Rev. Dr. G. 
F. Schasffer, formerly president of North 
Carolina College and also of the Semi- 
nary, at Mt. Pleasant. Young Mr. Schaef- 
fer was in business in Concord for a 
period, and removing from here later to 
Johnstown. Pennsylvania. While there 
he was a victim of the flood, which de- 
stroyed so much praperty and so many 
lives. Young Schaeffer was caught in 
the flood, and suffered from several days 
exposure before being rescued. 

Later on, seeking a restoration of his 
health, he went to Colarado. His life 
may have been prolonged by the move, 
but finally he fell a victim of the fright- 
ful desease. Only one of this prominent 
and cultured family remain, this being 
Mr. Samuel S. Schaeffer, a resident of 
Geongia, who left Concord a mere boy- 
but the fact that he had a son across 
the seas, fighting for his country, re- 
minds Us how rapidly time travels. 

Lies often bring on apoplexy, ac- 
cording to Dr. H. S. Langford, not- 
ed English psychologist, who explains 
that exhaustive tests show that the 
blood pressure rises when a person 
tells an untruth. He says this pe- 
culiarity is more marked among wo- 
men than men, and it accounts for 
their habit of blushing when corner- 
ed in a fib. 




Gastonia, N. C. 



Joseph H. Separk. 

Industrialist, Churchman, Financier. 
(By C. W. Hunt.) 

The idea of former editor R. R. Clark, in his story in The Uplift of a 
man he calls "Greatheart," appeals to me in that we can do good to the 
living instead of memorializing the dead. Throwing flowers (of good words) 
at the living that they may know what people think of them, in what esti- 
mation they are held. It is not giv- 
en for all men to become great, but 
opportunity knocks at least once at 
every man's door, and at many doors 
many times; and on our ability to 
recognize opportunity and take hold 
hangs the matter of success or fail- 
ure in life's work. Often the de- 
cision made in a day spells destiny. 
But if I were asked what will help 
men most in knowing opportunity I 
would say education, preparation 
for a life work. Note the part edu- 
cation played in the almost incredi- 
ble advance made by Joseph H. Se- 
park, of Gastonia. 

Born May 21st 1871, of a good 
parentage, in the city of Raleigh, 
and grew up in that place as a real 
boy. Not the pampered house-plant, 
but a real boy. We will not say he 
was ever a "rag-a-muffin;" he was 
not that. Perhaps "street urchin" 
is a better name in that he was "on 
to" most things boys find; from 
reaching an apple, growing too near 
the side walk, to organizing a secret 
society for the initiation of other 
boys into the realm of wisdom (?) 
His father was Jos. H. Separk, his 
mother Mary Ingram Separk, both 
of whom must have left an imprint. 
He had seven years in Raleigh city 
schools, then three years as clerk in a 
dry goods store. From there he went 
under the tutorage of Morson & Den- 

son in their academy, and was prepar- 
ed for college, entering Trinity at old 
Trinity in Randolph, where he spent 
his freshman year. Just at this time 
that wonderful educator Dr. John 
Franklin Crowell was successful in 
his fight to move Trinity to Durham, 
and this young man spent the next 
two years there. At the end of the 
junior year he went to Albemarle as 
Headmaster of Albemarle Academy, 
but returned to Trinity and gradu- 
ated with an A. B. degree in June 
1896. This made it possible for him 
to be trained under both the Cro- 
well and the Kilgo regimes, and he 
came on the scene of action with 
such men as Revs. Plato T. Durham, 
Thos A. Smoot, J. A. Baldwin and 
others, who have become known. 
Both these great educators turned 
out men, real men from Trinity, and 
there are only three: Pegram, Cran- 
ford and Flowers now in the faculty 
that were in it when this young 
man was graduated. 

About one month before commen- 
cement, 1896, he was elected Head- 
master of Burlington Academy, Bur- 
lington, N. C, by Trustees of Trinity 
College, Burlington Academy then 
being one of the affiliated schools of 
Trinity college. The next year he be- 
came assistant Superintendent Char- 
lotte Military Institute, Charlotte, 
N. C. Went to Gastonia in June 1898 



as principal of Oakland High School. 
Conducted this school until the close 
of the scholastic year June 1901, thus 
making three years. Entered bus- 
iness, going into the office of Loray 
Mills October 1901, remaining with 
the Loray Mills until the spring of 
1903. In the spring of 1903 there 
was organized by the late George A. 
Gray, and others, Gray Manufac- 
turing Company, Separk being one 
of the incorporators; on the organi- 
zation was elected secretary of the 
corporation. On May 23, 1900, 
married Miss May Gray, eldest 
daughter of the late George A. Gray. 
On the death of George A. Gray, 
in 1912 he became secretary and 
treasurer of Gray Manufacturing 
Company, which position he now 
holds with this corporation. In 1915, 
with associates, orgaized Parkdale 
Mills, Inc., becoming secretary and 
treasurer; in 1918 organized Arrow 
Mills, Inc,, becoming secretary and 
treasurer; in 1918, with associates, 
purchased controlling interest in 
Arlington Cotton Mills, and became 
secretary and treasurer. In the 
spring of 1918 became secretary and 
treasurer of Flint Manufacturing 

In 1918 organized the Myrtle 
Mills, Inc., becoming secretary and 
treasurer. In 1908 there was or- 
ganized in Gaston County, the Gas- 
ton County Textile Manufacturing 
Association. On its organization 
was elected secretary and treasurer, 
which office he now holds. G6ing 
to Gastonia in 1898 there were 
twenty-two hundred (2200) people. 
This population has now grown to 
nearly 20,000. During this period 
he served four (4) years as member 
of City School Board; following this, 
four (4) years as member of City 

Council. Was one of the incorpor- 
ators of the Gastonia Commercial 
Club, serving as President one year, 
and Director three years. Was one 
of the incorporators of the Gastonia 
Chamber of commerce, serving as 
Director four years and President 
one year. At present, President of 
Gastonia Rotary Club, Trustee Trin- 
ity College and director in the fol- 
lowing corporations: 

Gray Manufacturing Company; 
Parkdale Mills, Inc.; Arrow Mills, 
Inc; Flint Manufacturing Coumpany; 
Arlington Cotton Mills; Myrtle Mills, 
Inc.; Arkray Mills, Inc.; First Nat- 
ionalBank; Piedmont & Northern 
Railway Lines; Gaston Club, Inc.; 
Gastonia Country Club; Gastonia, 
Golf Club; and member of the Board 
of Governors of the American Cot- 
ton Manufacturers Assocation. 

For the past fifteen years he has 
been a Stewart Main Steet Methodist 
Episcopal Church, South, Gastonia, 
during which time he served five 
years as Chairman of Board; and 
superintendent of Sunday School 
M. E. Church, South, for the past 
fifteen years. 

There are seven (7) mills in the 
group of mills known as the Gray- 
Separk chain of mills and have per- 
haps a larger production of fine com- 
bed yarns than any other group of 
millsin the South. This is interesting 
for another reason, namely, that 
they are in Gastonia, North Caro- 

If there is another man, fifty /ears 
of age that has as much fastened on 
to him in the space of 20 years the 
writer does not recall that man. 
And in spite of it all he still has time 
to play. While what follows was in 
no way responsible for the rise of 
Joseph^H. Separk, it is a co-incident 



that we were at Burlington together, 
he lived at my house when in Char- 
llotte, and it was on my front porch 
that he received the "bid'' to Gas- 
tonia that took him there against 
my judgment; but it was that very 
day that "opportunity knocked at 
Joe Separks door" and he answered 
the call: answered the call prepared 

by education and training: a substan- 
tial education. And back, awajr 
back of it all was the free street 
training, under parental care; the 
coming in contact with life as it was 
that made him practical from the 
start. None of the "greenness" of 
the college graduate ever enveloped 
Joe Separk. , 

The trouble about a skeleton in a closet is that it does not have enough 
sense to stay there.— Charleston Gazette. 

"Next Time, By Gunner, You Stick To Yo Text." 


Should one applaud in a church house? Clap hands, stamp feet, is some- 
thing in the proceedings meets approval 1 More strictly speaking, if a service 
or a meeting other than the regular church service, and not strictly a religious 
service, is in progress in the meeting house and there is something particularly 
pleasing and appealing, is it permissible to manifest approval by a demon- 
stration 1 

I am asking the question, not an- 
swering. My understanding is that 
applauding even the preacher's ser- 
mons, when he niaies a hit, is not un- 
common in some sections of the coun- 
try; but applause of any character, 
any demonstration other than of a 
strictly religious nature, or what is 
supposed to be that, is so uncommon in 
a church building in this territory 
that it is a matter for comment. 

I attended an Armistice Day ser- 
vict in a church. It was not a strictly 
religious service. Aside from one 
prayer and the National Hymn, which 
I believe is in most of the Church 
Hymnals, the features would not be 
called strictly religious. The service 
was in the church probably for conven- 
ience. It was beautiful, appropriate, 

impressive, touching; and so far as 
I could judge there was absolutely 
nothing in it that made it in any re- 
spect improper for a church. But 
after some of the numbers on the 
programme there was applause — 

The applause — and that feature 
only — set me to thinking about ap- 
plauding in church buildings, the pro- 
priety and the possibilities. I may 
be far behind, but I can recall but 
three occasions when I heard applaud- 
ing at any sort of gathering in a 
church building. Many years ago a 
class of orphans from the Oxford or- 
phanage came to town. A church 
was the only suitable auditorium and 
they gave their concert in the church 
building. After the lirst number 



there was a ripple of applause. In- 
stantly the pastor was on his feet, 
and he said quietly that applause 
would not be expected. At the close 
of the second number the applause 
was more distinct. The pastor re- 
peated his statement, with dignity 
and composure but in a manner that 
could not be misunderstood; and there 
was no more applause. 

My second experience was only a 
few years ago. I dropped in at a 
church, as a spectator, during a dis- 
turbance about the acceptance or re- 
jection of the pastor's resignation. 
There was a good deal of feeling (us- 
ually there is more hell in a church 
row than in any other place outside 
the real place,) but the preacher's 
crowd was so overwhelmingly in the 
majority that the opposition didn't 
black the board; and when the vote 
was announced there was vigorous 
hand-clapping. This was new to me, 
and it didn't impress me then and 
doesn't yet, as a proper exhibition 
of Christian spirit in that particular 
case, or one calculated to promote 
brotherly love. But it was none of 
my business and it is mentioned now 
only as pertaining to the subject un- 
der consideration. 

Of these three instances mentioned, 
which constitute my experience with 
applause in church buildings, only one 
— voting on the pastor's resignation 
— could be strictly classed as a church 
meeting. The others were separate 
affairs but such as, in my opinion, 
were entirely proper in church build- 
ings. Let me say here that I am not 
of those who think it sin for any use 
to be made of a church building ex- 
cept for regular services or for meet- 
ings in behalf of some branch of 

church work. There are many ob- 
jects not distinctly religious in char- 
acter which the church should and 
does encourage, for the promotion of 
which meetings could, I think, be held 
in church buildings with all propriety. 
But that is always a matter for indivi- 
dual congregations to decide. 

My Armistice Day experience set 
me to wondering whether meetings 
other than of a strictly religious 
character would not be held in church 
buildings more frequently hereafter; 
and if the applause at such meetings 
should become a custom as is prob- 
able, would it not gradually be- 
come a practice to applaud on occa- 
sions at regular church services? If 
there is a concert or an entertain- 
ment of some sort in the churcTi 
house and we applaud the musicians, 
the readers and the speakers, as we 
will by and by if we are not doing it 
now; and then at Sunday morning 
service there is a vocal number that 
is particularly pleasing or the organ- 
ist does particularly fine work, why 
not give them a ' ' hand ? ' ' And if the 
preacher's sermon> is particularly 
good, why not cheer him a bit? It 
might put more heart into him and en- 
courage him to greater effort. 

Hold your fire, please. I'm not 
suggesting that this be done. I'm 
simply asking, in view of the trend, 
if it isn't likely to become custom. 
We can all see that it could be over- 
done and lead to embarrassment at 
times. But so could other things, for 
that matter. If it became a custom 
to applaud the preacher, for instance, 
when he was lambasting "Old Jones", 
we might be permitted to register dis- 
approval if he got on subjects that we 
might prefer, for personal and pri- 



yate reasons, be not mentioned. 

In the old and sinful days, when the 
use of strong water was the rule ra- 
ther than the exception, it is related 
that a certain citizen of this county 
(Iredell) was usually comfortably 
full. On one occasion he attended 
church services and the preacher, 
knowing his habits and surmising 
that he probably had a quart under 
his shirt right then, proceeded to say 
very embarrassing things about those 
who looked upon the wine when it was 
red, and all drunkards were promised 
their part in that place where the 
worm dieth not and the fire is not 
quenched. The embarrassing part 
was that everybody present knew 
whom the preacher was talking at, 
and nobody knew it better than the 
old man himself, for he was by no 
means so full that he didn't know 
what was going on and what it was 
about. At .last the preacher's fire got 
too hot for him, and rising to his feet 
to get away the old man shot back 
at the preacher, "Next time, by gun- 
ner, you stick to yo ' text. ' ' 

Maybe if it becomes the custom to 
applaud the preacher we may also 
take the privilege of inviting him to 

stick to his text if he manifested a 
disposition to talk about things we 
don't care to hear. 

Speaking of applauses in church, 
one denomination that I wot of used 
to have a regular system of cheering 
on the preachers but they didn't call 
it applause. If a sentence in a sermon, 
a prayer or an exhortation appealed, 
anybody was priviledged to break in 
with "Amen," "God grant it." 
Sometimes in periods of religious ex- 
citement the " Aniens" were many 
and loud and there was hand-clapping, 
too. But that has passed. Not long 
ago an old-time Methodist was telling 
me that he hadn't heard an "Amen" 
during a service in so long that he 
thought he would try it out on his 
preacher, a young man. And so, 
when the preacher made a point he 
thought he should be applauded, he 
shouted "Amen". The breaking in 
so startled the preacher that he almost 
lost the thread of his discourse and 
the modern congregation elevated its 
eyebrows. Altogether the old-timer's 
applause was so coolly received that 
he subsided and kept his "Aniens" to 
himself after that. 

Apparently Japan's chief grievance is that Western nations will not 
let it wrest peacefully.— Norfolk Virginian-Pilot. 



O. Max Gardner's Eloquent Tribute. 

On the 10th impressive ceremonies in the laying of the corner-stone of the 
tower, which is being erected at the A. & E. College, Raleigh, N. C, were held. 
The speaker was ex-Lieutenant Gov. 0. Max Gardner. His address, a tribute 
to the soldiers furnished in the great War by this college, was enthusiastically 
received. It was in part : 

"We are met here today to honor 
the men who fought an honorable war 
and gained an enduring peace. No 
people can have a great future who 
forget a great past. For many years 
we have been wont to thank God for 
fields that have ripened, for the song 
of the harvest which has swept across 
the continent like an antiponal corns, 
state answering to state from sea to 
sea. In our ease we have been prone 
to thank God for the prosperities of 
vine and meadow, for shop and ship, 
and for the things which make life soft 
and comfortable, rather than for those 
divine happenings which make life 
difficult and great. With the utmost 
effort have we perceived that 
we are specially and divinely fortu- 
nate, not when our conditions are 
easy, but when they evoke the best 
that is in us, when they provoke us to 
noblen ss and sting us into strength. 
This year and the last our fields have 
failed us in their prodigal response 
to a world's demand; but our harvest 
of manhood has become white in the 
unseen fields where all that is noblest 
in a people's life goes to flower and 

"The best monuments in mens lives 
are often the hardest and most peri- 
lous; but when the bugle calls across 
the fields, the deadly line of fire that 
must be crossed is forgotten in the 
responses to the duty which beckons 
from the height above. Happy are 

them to whom life brings, not ease 
and physical comfort, but great 
chances of heroism, sacrifice and ser- 
vice. The great ages have never been 
comfortable ages; they have deman- 
ded too much and given too much. 
The comfortable ages are those which 
neither urge a man to leave his fire- 
side, nor offer him great rewards if he 
does ; so the great ages are those which 
will not let a man rest for the multi- 
tudes of chances of work and perils 
which they offer hirn. The men 
whom we today honor lived in an age 
when the whole world was in travail, 
and one who truly knows how to be 
thankful would burst into a song of 
praise for the chance of these boys 
and their immortal prototype, Fran- 
cis Drake, to die sword in hand, fac- 
ing their foes half a world from home; 
for Sidney 's opportunity to pass on the 
cup to another dying more rapidly 
because he had less to assuage his 
thirst; for Livingston's noble home- 
coming, borne in sorrow and silence 
out of the heart of the dark continent 
on the shoulders of men who could 
not measure his greatness, but who 
recovered his spirit. 

"We who remained at home feel 
something of that insufficiency in 
measuring the spirit of our own he- 
roes. But today we look briefly back 
and thank God that in a great crisis 
the children whom this state and this 
college nurtured in peace and prosper- 



ity suddenly showed the stuff of he- 
roes. They were not afraid to dare 
and die. Whenever and wherever du- 
ty called thern, they answered with 
their lives. Let us all thank God that 
this State still breeds and this college 
still teaches men who make life great 
by service and sacrifice, that time and 
work and pleasure and wealth have 
not sapped the source of our inward 
strength; that our men still know 
how to dare all and do all in that hour 
•when manhood alone counts and a- 

Let this shaft rise and point to- 
ward the Great God whose will our 
soldiers did and in finding whom they 
found themselves. Let it look to the 
stars which in their courses fought 
against the last of the Siseras. And 
let it bless the dead whose dying 
made life beautiful and great. 

"Think of it— Forth Carolina furn- 
ished to the army and navy of the na- 
tion around fifty thousand white men, 
and of these fifty thouosand, State 
College contributed more than two 
thousand; that is to say, out of every 
twenty-five men who offered their 
lives for North Carolina, every twenty- 
fifth was a product of this college. 
This magnificant record of patrotic 
service shall forever stand, and shall 
forever thrill us with a perpetual 
pride for those noble sons of this col- 
lege who held aloft the honored tra- 
ditions of their native State, and ad- 
ded a new luster to its crown of glory. 
The most glorious pages of this insti- 
tution's history will bear the names 
of those great-souled heroes who laid 
their lives, rich with promises, and 
bright with hope, upon the altar of 

Methodist salaries have been reduced but the ministers have not set a 
date for a strike vote.— Omaha Herald. 


Five of the American colonies — Connecticut, Massachusetts, Rhode Island, 
New York, and Virginia — were settled under charter grants made direct to 
the colonist by the king of England. These charters set forth the rights and 
liberties of the colonists, and so were worth a great deal to them. Without 
theij charters they might be treated unfairly by the English king across the 

In the year 1686 the king appointed 
Sir Edmund Andros governor-general 
of all the New England colonies. The 
new governor-general soon demanded 
their charters. The people of Con- 
necticut refused. A copy of their 
charter was made in June, 1687, but 
the original document was carefully 
guarded and kept under lock and key 

at Hartford. 

Since he was unable otherwise to 
secure that which he demanded, An- 
dros finally decided to go in person to 
Hartford and take the charter in de- 
fiance of the people's wishes. 

A session of the Colonial Assembly 
was being held at the time in the meet- 
ing house. Andros, with a company 



of soldiers at his back, appeared be- 
fore them and co mm anded them to de- 
liver the charter into his hands. For 
some time the representatives of the 
colony discussed the matter with him. 
The meeting was purposely prolonged 
until twilight, or as people then said 
"early candle light." Candles were 
then lighted, and the charter was 
brought out. It was placed on a ta- 
ble in the center of the room. There 
Andros saw it for the first and last 

As the governor put out his hand to 
sieze the precious document, all the 
candles in the meeting-house were 
suddenly "snuffed out." Outside many 
people were waiting. They began to 
shout loudly, and several entered the 
room where the meeting was being 
held. Among them was Capt. Joseph 
Wadsworth, a brave and clever man. 
In the darkness and confusion he 
picked up the charter unseen, carried 
it away, and hid it in the hollow trunk 
of an old oak in the out-skirts of the 

In the meeting house the candles 
were presently lighted again, and all 

looked about him. There was no 
charter to be seen. He demanded 
that it be given up to him at once. 
But no one there could, or would, tell 
of its hiding place. The angry gov- 
ernor was finally obliged to leave 
without it. 

Long before this, the same oak had 
been the Peace Tree of the Suckiaug 
Indians. The acorns were the sacred 
totem, and under this tree they held 
their councils. At the foot of the 
tree their war hatchets were buried. 
Under its branches they smoked the 
pipe of peace. 

This giant of the forest was fully 
twenty-five feet in circumference. 
At the time of the charter incident 
the hollow in its great trunk was large 
enough to hold a child. From the 
summer of 1687 to the spring of 1689 
it safely kept the charter of Connecti- 
cut. Eight years later the opening 
closed completely. The Charter Oak 
lived on from year to year, a sturdy 
relic of the past, until, on the night of 
August twenty-second, 1856, there 
came a great storm, during which the 
old tree was blown to the ground. 

The magazine writer who says a dog fills an empty space in a 
man's life must have been referring to a hot dog.— Greenville Piedmont. 

A Leader That Earns His Salary And Praises 

There is ample excuse for the publication of "Progress in Education in 
Wilkes County" in the pamphlet, which Mr. C. C. Wright, the county 
superintendent for over twenty years of said county, has issued for the in- 
formation and benefit of his people and which, by virtue of the progress 
it shows, is an inspiration for greater effort. All other counties that can 
show a record of progress for twenty years, or ten years or even three 
years, would find the issuing of an annual, printed exhibit of great in- 


fluence in educational matters. 

Mr. Wright earns his salary of $2,500,00 and the whole county applauds 

him as a faithful and efficient servant. Here is a comparison between 

years of 1900 and 1921: 

1900 1921 

Rural Libraries 150 

Supplementary Libraries 280 

Second Original Libraries --0 32 

Local Tax Schools 35 

Value of School Property $6580 $213441 

Frame School Houses 64 148 

Log School Houses 34 „ 1 

Districts with no House 33 

Painted School Houses 1 95 

Houses with Bells 8 121 

Houses with Desks 14 .. 143 

Teachers Employed 130 300 

Schools with Assistant Teachers __3 104 

Schools Teaching High School Subjects 4 58 

Schools with Three or More Teachers 0^ 30 

Monthly Salary of White Teachers $20 $70 

Teachers with Normal Training 6 61 

Illiteracy 13 percent 1 

Enrollment 6233 10181 

Attendance 2312 6880 

School Census 10054 11397 

Members of Teachers Association 30 314 

Graduation Class, County Commencem't 205 

Raised by Local Taxation $14261 

Enrollment in Daily Attendance (per cent) .37 68 

Certificates of Merit Awarded 698 

Perfect Spellers for Term ,__ 239 

Debates 278 

Entertainments 192 

Spelling Matches 1247 

Per cent of School Census Enrolled 62 89 

Per cent of Census in Average Attendance_23 60 

Library Certificates Awarded ..0 47 

Medals for 7 Years Perfect Attendance 35 


Teachers on Honor Roll 57 

Districts Attaining Standard of Excellence ..0 47 

Parents' Meetings „ 185 

Medals for 11 Years Perfect Attendance 3 

Number of Homes with Telephones 972 

Number of Homes Taking Daily Newspaper 363 

Number of Homes Taking Agricultural Papers 1045 

Number of Homes Taking Religious Papers 473 

Number of Homes Taking County Paper 2062 

Number of Homes with Running Water 86 

Number of Homes with Lights 219 

Number of Homes Screened form Flies 887 

Number of Families that Raise Own meat and Bread 2581 

Number of owning Automobiles 368 

Whole Number of Families in County 5334 

Population 32000 

Church Members 8327 

Number of Churches 144 

Number of Sunday Schools 117 

Numbei of Miles of Improved Roads 295 

Number of Districts where Parents Visit School _96 

Number of Districts where Committee Visit Schocl 99 

Number of Families Engaged in Farming 4961 

Number of Families Engaged in Other Vocations 373 

The World Neglects the Country Children 

(Community Progress) 

The following instances of neglected country schools and country child- 
ren are taken from a personal letter to the writer and doubtless could have 
been multiplied by the author a hundred times. No mention is made as 
to the locality from which these examples are taken,but it is safe to as- 
sume that they could be duplicated in almost any state in the Union. Cer- 
tainly many similar situations exist througout the South and not a few of 

them are to be found in North Caro- other state. The best way out of the 

lina. According to the statistics cellar of malnutriton is for the state 

gathered by the Federal draft board?, to feed its people from a home-made 

North Carolina's population is more food supply and the only hope for 

poorly nourished than that of any that is to first produce a good crop 



of farmers. That will never be done 
so long as such conditions as these 

"The G family has five child- 
ren of school age. The parents own 
200 acres of good land, a comfort- 
able home and stock. Not one of 
the children enrolled this year and 
have gone very little before that, 
though they lived only three-quar- 
ter of a mile from the school house. 
The mother was absolutely indiffer- 
ent, saying: 'My husband don't be- 
lieve in school and the teacher don't 
learn 'em nothing' nowhow. No not 
a soul cum near. Guess nobody car- 
ed.' Both parents are illiterate." 

"In one county seven schools have 
not been in session for seven years 
and others for two years, because of 
Jack of funds, but that county voted 
$70,000 for a soldiers' memorial." 

"The teachers of one school said 
that they had been able to do noth- 
ing about school attendance because 
the attendance officer didn't believe 
in compulsory education." 

"Many schools are a decided men- 
ace to children's health. In all the 
schools visited in 17 counties, only 
two had toilets which could be 
classed as sanitary. Indifference to 

the first rules of cleanliness is gen- 

"The school epuipment would 
make a city teacher's heart ache. 
In 52 school there were no maps, 
globes, charts, no special equipment 
for hand work or for primary work, 
no good pictures." 

"Considerably less than one-third 
of all the teachers had had the equiv- 
alent of a high school course. The 
trained teachers 'do not get off the 
hard roads.' One teacher said he 
'attended two terms, or eight 
months, of free school in Ole Virginie 
over 20 years ago.' He had never 
taught before and was getting 
$125.00 per month." 

"Only half a dozen schools had 
even a semblence of playground 
equipment — provision for a whole- 
some recreation is seldom considered 
a function of the rural school." 

"Even now I have told you no- 
thing about the child labor there. 
The rural child lobor problem can- 
not be approached directly. It must 
be solved through better schools, 
better attendance laws— and an a- 
wakened consciousness of the needs 
of children among farmers them- 

Reinterment Alter A Period Oi 104 Years. 

Rev. S. T. Hallman, D. D., formerly pastor of St. James' Church, of Con- 
cord, and was the pastor during the erection of the present building, is 
now living in Spartanburg, S. C. Dr. Hallman, a veteran of the War'Be- 
tween the States, as well as a yeteran in the Christian ministry, furnishes 

to the Spartanburg Hearld an ac- Dr. Hallman in his early ministry 

count of the reburial of Rev. Fred- was the pastor of the church, which, 

erick J. Wallern, after his remains was served by Wallern in the early 

had been in the original grave for days. The body was reported in ex- 

104 years. cellent condition. But here is Dr. 



Hallman's statement, which appear- 
ed in the Spartanburg Hearld: 

As far back as 1750 there were a 
few German Lutheran churches in 
this state, among which was the old 
St. John's Lutheran Church in New- 
berry County. The land on which 
the building stood was held under a 
grant from George III, King of Eng- 

"These immigrants who had come 
here to escape the religious perse- 
cutions of the old country found it 
very difficult to get a pastor from 
their Fatherland. There was then 
in the community of St. John's 
Church a German school teacher by 
the name of Frederich Joseph Wal- 
lern--a learned man, but not then 
an ordained preacher. This the 
writer was told by the very old peo- 
ple of the section when, years ago, 
he was pastor there. 

"The people, in their hunger for 
preached word, and for the sacra- 
ments of the Church, naturally tur- 
ned to their scholarly teacher and 
plead with him to fill that sacred of- 
fice. He finally consented, and be- 
came pastor of that church. History 
has not recorded the duration of his 
pastoral labors, but he died in 1816, 

and had begun his services there 
some time in 1787. He was buried 
in a wooded section near his home. 
There his body reposed for one hun- 
dred and four years, a suitable in- 
scribed stone markings his place of 

"Then the pastor of St. Paul's 
Church nearby (the Rev. S- P. Koon) 
and officers and friends, decided to 
remove his remains to the church 
cemetery, where his grave would be 
carefully kept- When his body was 
taken up the skeleton of the man 
was there in its entirety, the teeth 
showing the dental woik of long 
ago, and the arm ligaments so firm 
that a physician who was present 
could not pull the fore-arm from 
the elbow; nor were the bones de- 
cayed. Parts of the lining of the 
walnut coffin remained, with the 
tacks which were used. 

"A strange fact remains to be 
told: The root of a tree had made 
its way down on one side of his cof- 
fin bed, passed around his feet, and 
up on the other side, and 
then twining about his head, as 
though intended to hold the precious 
remains together." 

Presentation And Acceptance of Memorial Bridge. 

On the 9th, leaving the Chapel where the King's Daughters witnessed 
the dedication of the memorial windows, the services being conducted by 
Rev. G. A. Martin, of Concord, and Dr. W. A. Barber, of Raleigh, the 
assembly passed on the bridge. There the 'presentation and acceptance of 
this gift, a memorial to the N. C. Soldiers of the World War, took place. 

The following is Mrs. Cooper's Training School: It is a great priv- 
presentation speech: ilege to be here on this occasion and 

Friends, the King's Daughters and to have the honor of presenting this 
Sons, Boys of the Stonewall Jackson beautiful Bridge. It is a gift of love 



from the N. C. Branch of the King's 
Daughters and Sons, a memorial to 
our own North Carolina men who 
gave their lives for their country 
and humanity's sake. The first two 
who were to lay down their lives 
from North Carolina were from this 
school: Daniel Poplin and George 
Holden, killed in action. 

Is it not wonderful to know that 
two of your companions who walked 
and talked with you were willing to 
go to foreign fields to fight and there 
gave up their young and strong lives 
for you and me? Whenever we cross 
this Bridge let us remember them, 
feeling they have passed over the 
Bridge of human desires and aspira- 
tions on the highway of life and en- 
tered, we trust and believe, into the 
beautiful fields of paradise. Do you 
boys know who first suggested to the 
King's Daughters taking up this 
grand Stonewall Jackson School and 
who by her efforts and prayers made 
it possible? Mrs. W. H. S. Burgwyn 
President of the N. C. Branch of The 
King's Daughters and sons. She has 
worked and prayed over it for many 
years. The King's Daughters built 
the first cottage then the Margaret 
Burgwyn Chapel and this Bridge, 
which links the two. The first condi- 
tion of human goodness is something 
to love, the second, somefhing to 
reverence, so dear boys, love each oth- 
er and your teachers, reverence God 
and His house. 

In presenting this Bridge from the 
King's Daughters and Sons to Mr. 
Cook for the Stonewall Jackson Train- 
ing School, let me add a word of 
praise and gratitude to Mr. Cook, 
Mr. Coltrane, Mr. Boger and their 
associates for the grand and unsel- 
fish works they have done and are 
doing making useful men for the 

good of the State and the world. 

God's blessings will surely rest 
upon them for He says, "In as much 
as ye did it unto one of the least of 
these my brethren, ye have done it 
unto Me." 

Mr. J. P. Cook, chairman of the 
Board, in accepting the Memorial 
Bridge said in part: 

"As an official of the Board of 
Trustees of the Jackson Training 
School, it is my proud privilege and 
honor to acknowledge this most 
splendid gift and to express our 
gratitude for the beautiful and sin- 
cere words with which you, Mrs. 
Cooper, representing The King's 
Daughters, find it agreeable and ap- 
propriate to employ. 

In this act, the like of which have 
occurred throughout the ages, since 
that awful event in the world's hig- 
tory but which gave to a dying 
world reasons for hope, is establish- 
ed again the truth and accuracy of 
that declaration' "Woman first at 
the Cross, last at the grave." Well 
do I recall the serious time when 
our Board was commanded to go 
out somewhere in the Common- 
wealth and establish the very first 
activity on the part of the state in 
taking care of the by-products 
amongst its citizenship, to give a 
helping hand to unfortunate child- 
hood, troubled, deseased, abandon- 
ed—and to do this with a credit of 
just ten thousand dollars and that 
spread out through a period of two 

The lamented Walter Thompson, 
our first superintendent, whose un- 
timely death we mourn this very 
day, and I counseled and planned. 
Growing out of this conference he 
was sent to meet with the North 
Carolina Branch of The King's 



Daughters, then (1908) in annual 
session in the city of Releigh, to 
throw ourselves at your feet, 
begging aid. Generously and un- 
hesitatingly you guaranteed one cot- 
tage—yonder it stands in the glory 
of the great good it has already ac- 
complished, with years and years of 
hope ahead. Did that manifest ex- 
pression of interest and love wane 
through the years?" How could it? 
Once a man deeply interested stood 
watching a woman, unmindful of his 
presence, who was putting into ex- 
istance a picture from somewhere 
out of her beautiful soul and mak- 
ing it visible upon delicate china. 
By and by the picture developed. 
Spoke the man: 1 have noticed your 
intense interest; I have watched 
your great care and grace in mani- 
pulation of the brush in the proper 
paints and I note the time you have 
contributed to the creation of that 
beautiful painting but. my dear lady, 
I can take a finger and with one care- 
less, indiffernt stroke blot out all 
that you have spent hours in bring- 
ing into life." "Ah, yes," replied 
the artist, "that is true but another 
process follows— it will BE BURN- 
ED IN." 

The King's Daughters did not 
mistake enthusiasm for a deed, nor 
did they permit one act to become 
the full measure of their endeavor — 
their interest and love for the cause 
was "BURNED IN," and no care- 
less or ruthless hand can mar the 
lasting expression of their deeds or 
stay its purpose in well doing. Look 
yonder— the beautiful chapel, which 
Editor Harris calls the "the beauti- 
ful chapel on the rock"--that's your 
gift to our plant. This is not all. 
This structure, the subject of our 
present meeting —this Memorial 

Bridge— connecting our main cam- 
pus with the chapel grounds, across 
this National Highway, speaks elo- 
quently not only of your devotion 
to a cause, but in loving remem- 
brance of the heroism of the brave 
soldiers North Carolina furnished to 
the United States in its contest in 
the World War for democracy, and 
among them were twenty-eight 
Training School boys, two of whom 
made the supreme sacrifice. 

Beautiful, strong and serviceable, 
this Memorial Bridge is. It stands 
out the connecting link bstween the 
three great forces that enter into 
the making of manhood and high 
character— the home, you built; pat- 
riotism, respecting the State flag 
and old glory flung daily to the 
breeze, leading in safety and securi- 
ty these boys to the highest act of 
man, a devout recognition and wor- 
ship of the Great Builder in yon 
chapel. Home, patriotism and wor- 
ship of the Master — these be they 
which produce manhood and good 

Thirteen years ago these grounds 
were an old worn-out cotton farm. 
A dilapidated farm-house and an old 
barn covered all the conveniences. 
On that rock yonder, as a legend has 
it since the days of the Indian, was 
until recently the big foot-print of 
the devil, and over yonder where the 
Latham Pavilion is coming into its 
beautiful shape is said to have been 
another foot-print of his satanic 
majesty— he was making long strides, 
headed northward (Rev. Dr. Barber, 
of Raleigh, interjected "may, he 
never return") and these eyesores 
forever obliterated,, this magnificent 
plant for a glorious and responsible 
duty has come into existence. Right 
well it is discharging its obligations 



to the unfortunate and bringing 
hope into lives otherwise hopeless. 
It is all the outcome of a vision, 
of strenuous effort, and of love, in 
which your organization, Mrs. Coop- 
er, played no mean part. 

Speaking for our Board, I beg 
you to make known to your noble 
order our great appreciation of 
your generosity and the assurances 
of our deep and abiding respect for 
the ennobling purposes and aims of 
your fine body, which faithfully la- 
bors at all times IN HIS NAME." 


Eternal God, whose goodness 
reacheth unto the world's end, we 
reverently place here this memorial 
of thine abundant kindness to us as 
a nation and people. Thou didst 
give us victory over those who threat- 
ened the very foundations of our 
Christian civilization. 

Accept and bless this bridge as a 
memoriol of the valor and patriotism 
of our soldiers and fellow-citizens-- 
those who made the supreme sacri- 
fice and those who are still with us 
in the flesh. 

We pray that it may also be a 
memorial of abiding per.ce in our 
own land and throughout the world. 
And may it be a constant reminder 
to all the ejrthly pilgrims who shall 
pass over it, of the narrow stream 
that separates us from the loved ones 
gone before. 

Help us ali, we beseech Thee, to 
be faithful soldiers of the great Cap- 
tain of our salvation unto cur life's 
end; that we may come to those 
unspeakable joys which Thou hast 
prepared for those who unfeignedly 
love Thee; through Jesvs Christ our 
Lord, Who art with Thee; in the un- 

ity of the Holy Ghost, One God, 
world without end. Amen. 

Ducks In C jina 
There are more ducks in China 
than in all the rest of the world. 
Their voices are a familiar sound in 
every town and country spot of the 
seacoast. and the interior of the vast 
empire. Even jn the large cities 
ducks abound. They dodge between 
the coolies legs. Ihey flit, squawk- 
ing out of the way of horses. Their 
indignant quack will not unseldom 
drown the roar of urban commerce. 
Children herd ducks on every road, 
on every pond, on every farm, 'on 
every lake, on every river. There 
is no back yard without its duck 
quarters. All over the land there 
are great duck--hatching establish- 
ments, many of them of capacity 
huge enough to produce fifty thous- 
and young ducks every year. Duck 
among the Chinese is a staple de- 
licacy. It is salted and smoked like 
ham or beef. It is served as a delic- 
acy prepared in many ways, and a 
number of travelers declare only the 
Chinese know how to cook and serve 
a nice, fat duck. 

In royal households, and among the 
very wealthy, the duck is served in 
a particular style in honor of any 
distinguished guest, and those fortu- 
nate enough to have eaten say it is 
far beyond anything they get else- 
where in the way of prepared fowl. 
Many ducks are exported from 
China, and it promises to be a grow- 
ing industry. The climate, as well 
as the care of the fowls, is said to 
produce the most excellent flesh. 
— From the Watchman. d 




R. in N C. Bulletin 

The word "burial" is applied to the prevailing method among all civilized 
nations of disposing of the dead by hiding them in the earth. The usual 
method of mankind has been to bury the dead out of sight of the living; 
and various ways have been the methods of accomplishing this purpose. 
These methods of burying the dead may be put into three great classifica- 

(1) The closing up of the body in 
wood, stone or metal. 

(21 The burning of the body and 
preserving the ashes by putting them 
in a tomb, and 

(3) The embalming of the body. 
The first of these methods seems to 
be the earliest form of which we 
have any record and it is the form 
most commonly used by the civilized 
world to-day. It is the method 
referred to in the earliest Scriptures; 
and all are familiar with the touch- 
ing scene in which Abraham buried 
Syrah in the cave of Machpelah in 
the land of Canaan which belonged 
to Ephron, but was later secured by 
Abraham as a place to bury all of 
his dead. The first account of get- 
ting a burial permit is the permit 
given Abraham for burying Sarah 
by Ephron the Hittite. 

There are frequent allusions in 
the Scriptures to embalming the 
body. Bury is spoken of eighteen 
times in the Bible. 

Probably the Egyptians knew 
more about the art of embalming 
than any people before or since their 
day. There are to-day Egyptian 
mummies thousands of y^ars old in 
numbers of museums throughout the 
world. These corpses of Egyptians 
are as inoffensive as any article of 
wood or stone and are as well pre- 

served as they were the day they 
were embalmed. 

Some of the grandest buildings in 
the world have been tombs— such as 
the pyramids of Egypt, the Castle 
of St. Angelo, the Mausoleum at 
Halicarnassus, Westminister Abbey, 
and many temples scattered through- 
out the world. 

Now that the World War is over 
innumerable beautiful buildings will 
be dedicated to our dead heroes. 

Thus the respect paid by the liv- 
ing to the dead has preserved and 
will preserve for the world many 
magnificent fruits of architectural 
gems and labor. In 1913 North 
Carolina made a great stride for 
ward in preserving the memory of_ 
the dead by enacting the Vital Sta- 
tistics Law. This law does not stop 
at preserving the memory of the 
dead— no matter haw rich or poor, 
whether of high or low estate, the 
memory of the deceased is preserved, 
---and more than this the cause of 
death is recorded so that health au- 
thorities may be able to know the 
number of deaths from certain dis- 
eases that are known to be prevent- 
able. They are thereby enabled to 
concentrate their efforts on certain 
diseases in certain localities. 

Because this information is so 
valuable the law makers 'n their 


2 7 

wisdom put a severe penalty on 
burying the dead without making 
out a certificate of death, giving all 
particulars of family history over 
the signature of some one familiar 
with this personal history, and cause 
of death over the signature of the 
attending physician, and filing same 

with local register and obtaining in 
exchange a permit to bury the de- 
ceased. It is to be hoped no one in 
Nort Carolina will be so foolhardy 
as to bury a body withont complying 
with the present reasonable law.™ 
F. M. R. 

Unsightly Little Town 

Greensboro has an ordinance requiring the occupants of lots abutting pav- 
ed sidewalks to keep the adjoining grass plots neatly mowed, and to have 
snow, ice, and other obstructions removed by 10 o'clock of every day; it also 
requires all property owners to keep their sidewalks clean and free from 
weeds. This ordinance is strictly enforced, says the city manager. It meets 
with very litile opposition and ter— fifty-two times better. 

manifestly it contributes to the trim 
appearance of the city. 

A similar and greatly needed ordi- 
nance would require all vacant town- 
lot owners to keep such lots clear of 
weeds and unsightly trash. This 
ordinance is hardly less necessary 
than the other. If ordiances of 
this sort were faithf uly enforced the 
appearance of the 413 little towns 
of North Carolina would be improv- 
ed a thousands percent almost over- 

The weedy, trashy, unkept con- 
dition of sidewalks and streetfronts 
in Chapel Hill, for instance, never 
can be cured by any street force 
that the town is likely to be able to 
support upon the taxes paid. What 
would cost many thousand dollars in 
taxes for street cleaning is a very 
small matter when every property 
owner and the occupant of every 
dwelling or business tidies up the 
space immediatly around him. The 
once-a-year clean-up day is good. 
A once-a-week clean-up day is bet- 

The street-cleaning force of a lit- 
tle town is doing very well to clean 
the ditches and cut the weeds and 
grass in the street along the side- 
walk edges and street fronts once 
or twice a year. Property owners or 
occupants could attend to tnis mat- 
ter of appearance every week or 
every few days. 

Trashy, weedy, vacant lots and 
backyard lots disfigure the appear- 
ance of little towns the whole coun- 
try over— except perhaps in New 
England and the Pacific coast states 
where sheer persona! pride in the 
look of the home town takes the 
place of ordinances and police in- 

A good many towns in Ncrth 
Carolina have ordinance requiring 
owners and occupants to keep weeds 
down on their property or in front 
of their property on all lots either 
vacant or occupied as for instance 

However nothing will take the 
place of pride when it comes to 



small town prinking. All the little 
towns the country over, could easily 
look as lovely to the e3 7 eas the little 
college town of Amherst in Massa- 
chusetts and the little towns of 
Southern California. In this matter 
Oxford leads the way in North Caro- 
lina. It is charming to the eye and 
it has been made so by the civic ac- 
tivities of the women of that town. 
The women of our little fowns in 
North Carolina could work a similar 
miracle of transformation, and if 
the women do not do it, we venture 
to say it will not likely be done in 
long years to come. — The News Let- 

Some of this love of cleanliness 
and civic righteousness could with 

great profit be manifest in appear- 
ance along important roads. Especi- 
ally along the National Highway. 
Thousand and thousands of people 
from many sections, pass during a 
year, and the advertisement of some 
places is not calculated to do justice 
to our sense of cleanliness and order- 
liness. The presence of a hog-pen 
by the road-side is a fearful thing, 
yet people who know better often 
times adopt the road-side for 
such unsightly necessities. The 
State Highway Commission ought, 
if it has the right under the law, to 
order hog-pens removed form along 
the highway. Let's have a law 
against hog-pens along the roads. 

Thirty-Second Annual Meeting. 

The Thirty-second Annual Convention of the N. C. Branch of The King's 
Daughters was held in the Auditorium of the Jackson Training School on 
the 8th and 9th. 

At the first meeting, Rev. T. N. Lawrence conducted the religious ser- 
vices. Supt. Boger, on behalf of the School, gave a happy address of wel- 

were opened with religious services 
by Rev. M. A. Barber, of Raleigh. 
Following this the various officers 
and committees made their reports, 
all of which were interesting and 
showed a good year's work. 

Mrs. T. J. Manning, of Hender- 
son, member of the Central Council, 
made an interesting report of the 
progress and work of the National 

The Wednesday afternoon session 
was opened by prayer by the devout 
and consecrated Mrs. J. B. Cherry, 
of Greenville. Following this, the 
annual election of officers occured, 
all the old officers being re-elected as 

come, Mrs. R. M. King gracefully 
and cordially extended the greetings 
of the local circle. To these words 
of welcome. Mrs. M. H. Stacy, of 
Chapel Hill, made a brilliant re- 

Following this came the Annual 
Message of the president, Mrs. Bur- 
gwyn, a pleasing and profitable fea- 
ture of the Convention for nineteen 

Hon. E. R. Prestion of Charlotte, 
the speaker of the evening deliver- 
ed a forceful and edifying address 
using this text "Progress of Hu- 

The Wednesday morning exercises 




Mrs. W. H. S. Burgwyn, Raleigh, 

Miss Easdale Shaw, Rockingham, 
Vice President. 

Mrs. Richard Wiilams, Greenville, 
Recording Secretary. 

Miss Margie McEachern, Concord, 

Mrs. T. J. Manning, Henderson, mem- 
ber of Central Council. 


Mrs. J. A. Cannon, Concord. 
Mrs. O. Clarke, Greenville. 
Mrs. J. H. Rutledge, Kannapolis. 
Mrs. M. H. Stacy, Chapel Hill. 
Mrs. R. G. Kizer, Salisbury. 


The convention and the student 
body meet in the Chapel. Rev. G. A. 
Martin conducted the opening ser- 
vices, appropiate to the dedication 
of the art windows which had been 
recently installed in the Margaret 
Burgwyn Chapel— nine of the win- 
dows are memorials. The dedicatory 
was conducted by Rev. Barber. 

Concluding the exercise the audi- 
ence, led by the boys singing "On- 
ward Christian Soldiers," marched 
to the Memorial Bridge (account of 
this elsewhere.) 


Wednesday evening the closing 
session of the convention was given 
over to a evening of story telling, 
presided over by Miss Shaw, of 
Rockingham, who did brilliantly the, 
part of toast-mistress. 

Rev. J. Frank Armstrong con- 
ducted the religious services. Those 
on the progamme, and who delight- 
ed the boys and the large audience, 
were Mrs. T. W. Bickett, of Raleigh; 
Mrs. L. P. Russell, of Rockingham, 
Mrs. Kelloway, of Wilimington, 
Mrs. L. D, Coltrane, Sr. of Concord, 

Master Sam Taylor, of the School, 
and Mrs. J. B. Cherry, of Greenville. 

The Silver Offering amounted to 
over one hundred dollars. All of the 
exercises were interspersed by de- 
lightful singing in which the boys 

The convention adjourned to 
meet next year-with the Greenville 
Circle in Pitt County. 


The King's Daughters occupied 
one of the new cottages. From all 
reports they had a jolly time. Mrs. 
A. C. Wolfe, representing the local 
circle, acted as house-hostess. She 
made it pleasant for them; and they 
in turn, making themselves thor- 
oughly at home, when off duty — 
these serious-minded women — had 
all kinds of frolics and sports and 
made for themselves a fine picnic 
outing. The Uplift, rejoicing in 
the pleasure of these folks, in a 
measure our guests, can not refrain 
from making note of certain echoes 
from a house that contained forty 
or more lone women from as many 
quarters of the state: 

A Junior: "My, I did not sleep 
much last night." "Oh, I am so 
sorry. Why?" asked the house-hos- 
tess. "The older women held reg- 
ular old-time pillow fights and kept 
us juniors awake." 

"Oh," said one of the Durham 
delegates, much amused, "don't 
you kno w Mrs. So and So, of Green- 
ville, said very softly in her sleep, 
'no, I thank you, I'll not take any 
more.' " Only dreams the evening 
after Supt. Boger's barbecue. 

In a most forlorn way a Salisbury 
delegate declared that she just could 



not sleep in so large a room as the 
dormitory. The two ladies, who oc- 
cupied the "Jug," which is a small 
room to which in time past it was 
jocularly given such name, gracious- 
ly offered to exchange places. The 
Salisbury delegate, declining the of- 
fer, was later seen, not in an isolat- 
ed corner alone, but in the midst of 
the crowd engaged in a pillow con- 
test with the spirit of a youth. 

The lights in the building are con- 
trolled by a master switch. This 
secret the guest failed to learn. The 
lights are up on the overhead ceil- 
ing; but one of the braver delegates, 
from down East, took a searching 
spell and finally found the switch on 
the first floor, and then "felt" (the 
way they say down east) her way 
back to the dormitory. Everthing 
was quiet until 5 o'clock next morn- 
ing when suddenly the lights came 
on. This was excitement — all kinds 
of things were about to happen. The 
night watchman, on his job, forgot 
that the women occupied that cot- 
tage and through force of habit flash- 
ed the lights on to see "if all was 

One delegate asked: "Mrs. Wolfe, 
do you have any absorbent cotton," 
"No," replied the hostess, all excit- 
ed, "is there any one hurt?" "Oh, 
no, only I want to stuff my ears 
to-night for some of the women snore 
fiercely and I cannot sleep." 

There are many other echoes, but 
we must refrain. No delegation 
ever had a jollier occasion, and ev- 
ery member indicated her regret ov- 
er its conclusion. 

Institutional Notes. 

(Henry B. Faucette, Reporter.) 

Roby Moore was the only boy to 

receive a visit from home"^ folks 

Two or three car-loads of coal 
have been received at the school be- 
cause of the fact that our supply is 

The friends and relatives of Miss 
Latimer will be sorry to hear that 
she is now sick in bed. It is thought 
that she will soon recover. 

Because of some unknown delay 
our pavilion was not finished the 
date agreed upon, but now all it 

lacks is the inside furnishings. 

We were pleased to have Profs. 
Webb and Williams and also a student 
from the Universisy of North Caro- 
lina. We hope they will come again. 

Rev. T. N. Lawrence, of Concord,, 
filled the pulpit Sunday. He didn't 
only fiil the pulpit, but filled the 
hearts of the listeners with an in- 
teresting sermon. 

There has been some recent 
troubles with the pump necessitating- 
boys to watch it. This duty is very 
agreeable to the boy who has the 
job because he is free to play any 
self-amusing games, or he may 
catch rabbits. 

Because of the fine barbecue they 
made possible for us. I, as spokesman 
of the boys, desire to say that no 
words can express our gratitude to 
the King's Daughters. When boys 
have such a hearty support from such 
good people as these, how can they 
go wrong? 

Mr. Brown, of Raleigh, Supt. of 
Public Welfare, aecompained by 
two boys who were admitted to the 
school, l.was a visitor at the schooi 


last week. While here, Mr. Brown 
looked over our plant and expressed 
himself delighted with the work that 
is going on at the school. 

Last Friday we were surprised, 
but it was an ageeable one, to play 
the part of host to the Sunderland 
Hall School for girls. They invaded 
the campus and quite filled the 
Printing Office in their eagerness to 
see the school and its work. We are 
glad to have any one look over the 
plant, and especially so in the case 
of these girls. 

The well digger that the boys mov- 
ed from its previous location near 
the well, has been placed near where 
is being constructed the laundry, 
bakery and ice plant. This is a very 
desirable place because of course, the 
need of water is plain in the case of 
the laundry and the ice plant. This 
situation is also convenient for the 
water boys and also as soon as the 
water becomes plentiful with two 
pumps in operation the Six and 
Seventh cottage will be opened as 
this is the only thing that holds them 

Just before the arrival of the 
King's Daughters the memorial win- 
dows were put in place of the plain 
ones, so the Daughters of the King 
had the pleasure of seeing their lat- 

est gift installed. This gift though 
small covers a long felt need and the 
boys think that their place of wor- 
ship Is now, indeed, a real church. 
This is just one of the innumerable 
gifts of the King's Daughters and 
no matter how much we try we can- 
not show our appreciation and grati- 
tude. Let us enumerate, just to see 
how much the King's Daughters 
have done for us. 

(1) The Chapel. This gift is more 
important than any other, because 
what should we place more value 
upon than a place in which to wor- 
ship Him? 

(2) The 1st or King's Daughters 
Cottage. This is the first cottage 
to be erected showing the early be- 
lief the Daughters had in this insti- 

(3) Memorial Bridge. This is the 
connection between the grounds of 
the Chapel on one side of the high- 
way and the other grounds. 

(4) The Memorial Windows. These 
have already been discussed. 

(5) The Band Instruments. These 
Conn instruments are a necessity as 
well as luxury. Who knows of an 
institution without a good band. 
This by the local circle. 

(6) The Kings Daughters also put 
the beautiful little cross on our 

, : 1 !'.-■ 



/ssuerf Weekb— Subscription $2.00 

,J b ; J 



VOL. X CONCORD N. C. JAN. 7, 1922, 

MO. 9 

Ich Dien— I Serve. 

Tt/o -men "were 'coming away from a big city chuich, 
where the eloquent and famous preacher had delighted 
his congregation by an unusually fine sermon. "It doe3 
one good to hear a man like that," said the elder man. 
**No wonder he 13 such a success. I would go and hear 
him overy Sunday if 1 liv^d here." "So would I," said 
the younger, "and I would not care what sort of a ser- 
monha preached, either. That isn't the be3t of him. 
Xliat isn't his real power at all, though it make3 one feel 
proud of him." "Why, what do you mean?" asked the 
other. "If his eloquence isn't the power, what is?" "I'll 
tell you," said the young man. "I never was in his con- 
gregation, either here or during his pastorate in our lit- 
tle town. But he knew our family and what a time 
mother had educating and bringing up us hoys. He had 
left our town for this big church five years ago, but 
when mother died, last year, the very first letter that 
reached me was from him, and it was a letter I'll never 
forget. And I have since learned that over and over 
again, on the anniversary of a bereavement, a3 well as 
just after it, that busy man, rushed with a thousand du- 
ties, sends thi3 or that man or woman a letter of remem- 
brance and comfort, just as he did to me. And they 
don't forget it, any more than I do. His life i3 full of 
just such things, and that's why he's such a power 
wherever he goes. It isn't just the sermon — it'3 what 
lies behind the sermon." — Forward. 


•W WW" 






r A;S M 





Between' the Sou'di and Washington and New York 





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Terminal Station (Cent- Tin 
| P^chtrce Station (Cent. Tin 
CREENVILLE, S. C. (Eaat.Tir 
Hi^h Point. N. C. 

No. 29 

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p. ,M 



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Raleigh, N.C. 


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BALTMORE. MD.. Penna. Sj«. 
NEW YORK, Ptnns. Sy.tem 


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ind Richmond. Dininj 

kinjton , n dN«»V 


Noa. J7 and 33. NEW YORK 4 NEW ORLEANS LIMI1ED. Sold Pullman Drawing rt-in 
N*« Orlein., MonleoT.ery. Atlanta. Wa.hirtglon and Naw York. Sleeping car nerthbounJ balween Atli 
Club tar. Librjry-Obier„sl, r,csr. No coaches. 

N 3 .. 137 & 1 13. ATLANTA SPECIAL. Ou*in, room .I« pi ni cars batmen Macon. Columbui, Atlanta, ffi 
Wathm^lcn-San FfaRCtaco tournl ilcepinf car aoulhbound. Dinin. car. Coachea. 

Noa. 23 4 30. BIRMINGHAM SPECIAL. Drawn, room ilcepinf car. bctwnn tlirminiham. Atlanta, Waah>n;ton and N.w York. 
S~n Frinci-to-Wiihin jton tourut lUeping tar northbound. Slupin, tar b=l«ta Richmond and Atlanta southbound. Observation cm. 
Dininj car. Ouches. 

Noa. 3S A 3E. NEW YORK. WASHINGTON. ATLANTA & NEW ORLEANS EXPRESS. Dra-in, room .leaping- car. bet««n Ni* 
Ortaan.. Montgomery. Birmingham, Atlanta and W.,hmfIon and Na. York. Dinin, car. Coaeha*. 

Nolo: Nn. 2H and 33 UM PeachtrM Strwl Station only n Atlanta. 

Note: Train No. I3S connect. . I Wa,hin,ion »Uh ''COLONIAL EXPRESS," throujS tnin to Eoslca rU Hell Gala Bride. Rouli, 

IVaihincton 8.15 A. M. I 

i Pr.-ina. Sy.Ui 


The Double Tracked Trunk Ur,z Bettvten Atlanta, Ga. and Washington, D. C. 




The Authority of the Stonewall Jackson Manual Training and Industrial School. 
Typc-Seiting by the Boys' Printing Clas3. Subscription Two Dollars the Year in 

JAMES P. COOK, Editor. 

JESSE C. FISHER, Director Printing Department 

Entered as second-cla;s matter Dec. 4, 192), at the Post O.Tice at Concord, N 
C, under the Act of March 3, 1879. 


"Look not mournfully into the past, it conies not back again, 

Wisely improve the present, it is thine; 

Go forth to meet the shadowy future without fear 

And with a manly heart." 


Ex. Gov. Thomas Walter Bickett, beloved by his state, suddenly stricken 
on the evening of the 27th with apoplexy, passed away the ■:>'.'-"' vi. no morn- 
ing at 9:15. Though just in his 53rd year, he had crow^e r \::' irjihat short 
life the deeds and achievements of a statesman and a pL; n ^ ,, Few men, 
if any, in the history of Nonh Carolina have wrought as'^ii'ooiy. He has 
left an impress upon the public consciousness that can never die. The 
whole state mourns his passing. 

The Uplift joins the thousands, who know her intimately and appreci- 
atively, in sympathy for the widow who is passing- through this greatest of 
sorrows. The unassumed and unaffected "devotion of this couple, Mr. and 

Mrs. Bickett, was a most' beautiful picture, an inspiration to all. 


..■***«.» 4 # • * 

The late Governor Bickett, who was sometimes criticised for his pardon- 
ing record, rejoiced in the possession of a human kindness that office could 
not destroy, drone occasion a certain lawyer, defending a youthful 


•client, succeeded in getting the presiding judge co commit the boy to the 
Jackson Training School. In less than a month, the very same lawyer invok- 
ed his friendly relations with Gov. Bickett, seeking the pardon— a foolish 
procedure— of his client. Gov. Bickett, having business in Concord, 
visited the Jackson Training School, went through all departments, made a 
complete survey of the work, then told of the pressure brought to bear on 
him in this one particular case. Summing up his impressions, he looked the 
superintendent square in the face and said: "I've never worried the 
School with pardoning boys. I know I have the power and right to pardon 
a person from punishment, but have I the right to say when a boy's train- 
ing shall cease? If I hav? that right, I've never cared to exercise it." He 
knew his duty, and fearlessly met it. 

3 * 3 * 3 * » » 


Cabarrus county rejoices with Miss May Stockton, our whole-time public 
health nurse, in the recovery of her aged mother from a serious attack of 
pneumonia, at her home in Greensboro. Miss Stockton was with her mother, 
and, while desperately sick, the aged lady thought of the welfare of others 
and when the election for a County Sanitorium came on she insisted on ex- 
ercising her franchise via the ab;ent-voter-plan. 

Miss Stockton has returned to her duties. Finding her desk piled up 
"with Calls for service, she philosophically, faithfully and happily said: "Oh, 
I like to work --it means so much." This splendid young woman, by her 
capability, tness and sincerity, has unconsciously wormed herself in- 

to the hear! V.arrus people. She is most valuable. To her, along 

.with Miss Wil ■ i, the Home Demonstrator; Mr. Goodman, the County 
Farm Demonstrator; and the superintendents of County Welfare, of all the 
counties in the state, here's hoping for health, support and sympathy. 
These be high callings among progressive and aggressive peoples. 

• »*»»»*•. 

Down at Elon College there is a member of the faculty that has been 
and is yet classed as a most remarkable man. Dr. J. W. Wellons is his 
name. He's lived a beautiful life, full of love for his fellow-man, and 
thoroughly upright in all his relations of life. 

Dr. Wellons was ninety-six years of age on New Year's Day. He wa3 
invited to preach in the College Chapel, and, never having learned in his 


long life to side-step a duty and a service, he accepted the invitation. Dr. 
Wellons is a native of Eastern Virginia, but coming to the fine climate and 
the invigorating environment which North Carolina revels in, the good old 
doctor has guaranteed long so-journ in the world, and there is no reason 
in the world why he should not preach a birth-day sermon in Elon College 
Chapel on New Year's Day of 1926. '1 he correspondent, reporting this 
particular service, says: 

The morning preaching service in the college chapel was very 
beautiful this morning, being conducted by Dr. J. W. Wellons, bet- 
ter known as "Uncle Wellons." Today being his 96th birthday, made 
it more interesting. He is active considering his age, and. while he 
had to give his sermon sitting down, he could be heard e'early, and 
his text for the morning was taken from 1st Corinthians, ]5th chapter, 
b8th verse: Therefore, my beloved brethren, be ye steadfast, unmove- 
able, always abounding in the work of the Lord, forasmuch as ye 
know that your labor is not vain in the Lord. 

He dwelt on the great theme of salvation and spoke of his sermon 
as being an expository one. His remarks were very touching, beauti- 
ful and displayed his wonderful faith and trust. He is perhaps the 
oldest minister living, and is the oldest of the Christian denomination 

<* ft ft ft ft 9 ft * 

The editor has received a pleasing letter from Mr. Milton Wicker, chair- 
man of the Junior Class of the Greensboro High School. This is what he 
writes: "As a Christmas gift to the boys of the Guilford Cottage at the 
Jackson Training School the Juniors of the Green=boro High School have 
subscribed to two magazines, "The American Boy" and "Popular 
Science." They will begin with the January issue and continue for one 
year. Hoping that these publications will delight the boys, I remain." 
Young Mr. Wicker will please make known to his class that their act is 
highly appreciated, and rest assured the Guilford boys will profit by 
their thougbtfulness both in the reading of this high class literature and 
especially the consciousness of this demonstration of a worthwhile fellow- 
ship and interest. 

• ••••••.• 

Our fifty-thousand gallon water-tank is gradually filling up, in face of a 
constant use of the supply throughout the cottages and the grounds, from 
a recently punched well at a spot pointed out by the "forked peach limb." 
Though laughed at by a prominent geologist, who declared that in the pe- 
culiar formation of the rock on this ridge, no water could be found, cer- 


tainly not at a depth over 200 feet/' The well is just 300 feet deep and 
is giving- up per minute in the neighborhood of twenty gallons and the 
water-mark in the well is not lowered after a pumping period of ten hours. 
It is a risky thing to poke fun at the forked peach limb and the didoes of; 
the signs of the moon. Later: L'he tank is full. 


There was nothing else for the special session of the General Assembly 
to do than to provide for the school deficit of $710,000. The State does 
not repudiate honest obligations, whether they arise from carelessness, in- 
competency or miscalculations. The claim that a state officer drove to 
cover such able, honest gentleman like Dough ton, Varser, Everette and 
others, making them do his bidding is die veriest rot. This deficit grew 
out of a fundamentally wrong and unnatural law, which the said State of- 
ficer really inspired and engineered through the General Assembly. The 
State may well be congratulated if next year's operation of the miserable 
school law, now doing business in North Carolina, does not leave a greater 
deficit. Thf wisest act of the special session of the General Assembly was 
the appointment of a commission to make a business-like educational sur- 

Speaking the appreciation and gratitude of this institution The Up- 
lift acknowledges the receipt of a generous check from Mr. W. J. Swink, 
of China Grove. Coming on New Year's Day, it gives the machine' y an 
easy start-off. Mr. Swink's contribution shall be devoted to a fine purpose, ' 
a purpose that will figure fir years in the problem which concerns this 
institution. Some of these days, a central library must be started; and 
this voluntary gift from a fine citizen and a devoted friend will fit in as 
a nucleus around which we may build our fond hopes. 

In this issue we have an article showing the devious route, by which our 
present calender has come down to us. It is an interesting ami instructive, 
article. The students of the high schools, along with the students of the 
world, can find in this article the ans.ver of questions that no doubt have 
exercised them at some time. ! '. 

The boys of the' Jackson Training S.'hool hi i fcha biggest aad the fullest : 

Christmas in the. history of the School. This was made possible by the gen- 

■ •• -■ . . ....;■':.. •! , i '. ■ . ;\v> 


erosity of good friends, "who contributed to the Christmas fund. The joy 
was so great and complete that it made the olilcials just as happy as the 
youngsters. *' .. '.';'.' ";■ ' ; 


lA Waggoner was once driving along a very muddy road. At last 
ht! came to a part of the road where the wheels sank half-way into 
the mire, and the more the horses pulled, the deeper sank the wheels. 
Si the Waggoner threw down his whip, and knelt down and prayed 
to! Hercules the Strong. "0 Hercules, help me in this my hour of 
distress," quoth he. But Hurcules appeared to him, and said: 
"Tut, man, don't sprawl there. Get up and put your shoulder to 
the wheel." 



Etoneville, N. C. 
(In our -next i sue will be found the picture of the m. gmiiccnt school building 
which he inspired, and which is his living monument.) 



The effort to achieve distinction is one of the motive powers of civilization. 
Especially is it a characteristic of American Youth. Here, where the doors 
•of opportunity swing wide to merit and worth, here where striving against odds 
is constant incentive and almost certain attainment for honest effort. This 
is shown by the career of young U. Leland Stanford of Stoneville, North Caro- 
lina, and others like him. His life and success are at once an inspiration and a 

promise. Hopeful indeed does it ap- 
pear to all those who, like him, are 
poor but who aspire; hopeful for all 
those who do not expect the help of 
others, but who must depend on their 
own unaided efforts; hopeful for all 
those who have only industry, energy, 
ambition, and honest purpose to speed 
them in the race of life. 

Young Stanford was born in Stone- 
ville, X. C. July 15, 1892, and a few- 
years ago he married Miss Rosa Mae 
James of Forsyth County. Today he 
is the only lawyer in Rockingham 
County that is practicing law in the 
town in which he was born. Stanford 
accepted life as he found it, and tak- 
ing hold of his environments lie made 
"the most of every opportunity as pre- 
sented, and to him obstacles were but 
invitations to greater effort while 
"stumbling blocks" were used as 
stepping stones as patiently, sincerely, 
and determinedly he moved on and 
over them steadily upward. Farm 
toy, newspaper editor, lawyer — these 
Are the steps that mark his progress. 

Years ago he plowed the corn and 
tilled the soil right where the Stone- 
ville High School building, the hand- 
somest in the county, now stands in 
its imposing beauty. As young Stan- 
ford worked day by day the aspira- 
tion filled his heart and the high hope 
flooded his soul that some day he 
might see on that site a modern, up-to- 
date, handsome High School building. 

As the years went by this young man 
made his plans and waited for the time 
when the opportunity should arrive 
to make his dream a reality. The 
hour struck and he put his tireless 
energy, unbounded enthusiasm and un- 
conquerable will into the High School 
movement, and laughing at every ob- 
stacle, scorning opposition he con- 
quered all hindrances and crowned 
effort with victory the 14th day of last 
September, when Xorth Carolina ed- 
ucators of note went to Stoneville and 
dedicated that beautiful temple of 
learning to the eternal interest of the 
human mind. Young Stanford is the 
efficient and active Secretary of the 
School Board that erected the build- 
ing, and every dollar of the nearly 
ninety thousand dollars passed 
through his hands and all of his re- 
ports rendered to the Board of Educa- 
tion have been complete and accurate. 
In all movements to uplift and bet- 
ter the mental, moral and physical 
condition of humanity he takes a deep 
and abiding interest, and his recent 
speech before the County Commissi- 
oners of this County pleading for the 
erection of a Rockingham building at 
the Jackson Training School, aided in 
securing the building while Stanford 
gave another example of striving un- 
selfishly for the betterment of man- 
kind. When we know his strong, 
clean, manly character we are im- 
pressed with what great good ambiti- 


tious youth may do when lie decimates emphasized and .so docs the career of 

his life to progress, honor, truth, and 0. Leland Stanford though scarce be- 

service to others. Selfish interest in gun, teach us that common honesty, 

this great age must he placed aside. civic pride and tireless energy mark 

Serving and helping others must he the pathway to t he goal. 

Foolish Utterance: Several gentlemen sitting around the stove in a pub- 
lic place, discussing business ami the temper of the times. One man . 
remarked, "if I can do half as v/ell throughout the year as I have done to- 
day (January 2, 1922.) it will he glorious." Another said: "It looks 
very encouraging to me." These were industrious men and active in their 
line of business.. .A glassy-eyed loafer, who has never struck a real worth- 
while lick at any job that contributes to the betterment of mankind, butted 
in: "You men don't know what you are talking about; we are on the verge 
of the greatest slump in the history of the world; and by the middle of 
February the whole bottom will drop out." This pessimist was unknown 
to the gentlemen, and his self-assurance and self-centerism had an effect 
on them like a dull thud. This is the way trouble starts — by some insig- 
nificent, doless thing. Taking stock of the situation, we dismiss the 
whole thing by observing that if every body was as sorry as this pessimist, 
the world, including business, commercial, industrial, social and political, 
would have to liquidate — and ought to. 


-••"< ' " By Jim Eiddick. 

The other night I sat in the House of Representatives Chamber, at Raleigh, 
looking, into the faces of representative gentlemen from every quarter of the 
State. There had been deaths of prominent men and women of the state re- 
ported in the press. Though a Christmas season, when all seemed in joy to be 
barkening back more than nineteen hundred years in" a celebrating memory of 
the one great birth, which brought peace and hope into the world, not a per- 
son iu that audience Of fine men but who felt keenly that- lie was in the 
presence of death. •■ -■':■ 

Ex-Governor Bickett,. the golden- —but he still lived; and he will-live 

■ hearted -North Carolinian, Rising from for his preachments, his golden words 

a small beginning to a proud position of wisdom and his patriotism, ex- 

into the hearts oFiiUm and women of pressed in deeds and acts, for ages to 

•North Carolina, 'hacV jiis't died.' In come. Doesn't matter that he did 

"loving memory tender' words were not pile up worldly wealth, for he 

officially spoken- and a'ia'rge purse for ' didn't,^his fortune" was built in the 

a flora] offering 'was_yoluntarily" and -'hearts of living beings, winning for 

quicklv assembled. Biekett was dead him a glorious reward in that golden 



land whore fortunes consist alone in 
goodness, song, peace, happiness and 
an unending glory, none of which lil- 
thy lucre can purchase. 

There was another event at that 
meeting that abides with me. I am 
constrained in this presence to ask the 
question: "How long will a man 
live in the memory of men, who has 
rendered a loving service to humanity 
and unselfishly aided in building up 
agencies looking to the relief and ben- 
efit of others.'" I shall answer my 
own question — it is, and ought to be, 
FOREVER. Rack yonder in Octob- 
er, 1920, at a railroad crossing below 
Charlotte, Edgar Love, of Lincolnton, 
in the twinkling of an eye was dashed 
into fragments, in tragic death. He 
was not a governor. He had been 
a business man, a cotton-mill builder, 
a promoter, and the highest he ever 
reached in the political life of his 
state was mayor of his town and a 
.representative of his people in the 
lower house of the General Assembly. 
In both of these positions he was true 
to the common good of all — these po- 
sitions were treated as sacred trusts. 
There is to be expended in Lincoln- 
ton soon $250,000.00 for a modern 
and splendidly equipped Sebool Build- 
ing. It is to be called the "Edgar 
Love School. ' ' I wondered why. 
There is usually a good and suf- 
ficient reason when the public, which 
unerringly takes the measure sooner 
or later of every man, decides to per- 
petuate in the lives of the rising 
generation a loving memorial to the 

honor of an individual. The reason 
was revealed that night. When a mo- 
tion had been offered to select a suc- 
cessor of Edgar Love on the Stale 
Executive Committee, Will Graham, 
a fellow-townsman, arose to second 
the motion and asked the privilege 
to say out of the fullness of his heart 
some things about the late Mr. Love; 
When Edgar Love lay a corpse in 
Lincolnton, hundreds and hundreds of 
his former associates, friends and ac- 
quaintances called. It is said that no 
less than one hundred strong men, 
breaking under their sadness over his 
untimely death, audibly remarked: 
"He was my best friend;" "he help- 
ed me get my home;" "the average, 
poor man will miss;" "old Lincolnton 
has been hard-hit;" "he has helped 
more widows and children than any 
man I ever knew;" and other expres- 
sions that indicate what Edgar Love 
had been in life. 

These constitute the estimate of the 
man; his living has answered the 
question "how long shall a m-vi be 
remembered." The kindly deeds Ed- 
gar Love did live in the lives and the 
bettered conditions of hundreds of 
people and, like the ripple started 
by a pebble thrown into a lake which 
only spent its self when reaching 
the other shore, will touch some- 
where, somehow, silently but surely, 
throughout eternity. 

Death brings out the good and the 
bad that men do in life. The g.merous 
and thoughtful live on; the selfish 
perish and are forgotten. 

There is one thing hetter than the pursuit of money, or the habit of 
•having one's own way— those I take to be the two great errors of life 
in our own day— and that is a human home. It is the hest thing there 
is in the worlrf.— Elisabeth Stuart Phelps. 



There's Place 


Life For 

The Anecdote. 

CYRUS B. WATSON: Few North Carolinians ever told richer stories than 
the late Cyrus B. Watson, of Winston-Salem, and the writer is indebted to the 
late Judge W. J. Montgomery, of Concord for this one, as it was at his sug- 
gestion that Mr. Watson told it to the writer. 

It happened while Judge Montgo- son leaned over and said: "if you had 
mery was judge of the Superior Court, said you were afraid of 'tumble bugs,' 

and the scene was at Yadkinvillc. A 
white man, who for a better name 
we will call Mose, was indicted for 
stealing blockade whiskey, which the 
blockaders had hidden in the woods to 
keep the revenue officers from finding 
it. Mose came into court without 
a lawyer, but employed Mr. Watson 
to defend him, who took the case with- 
out any chance to know its merits. 
The State proved that the whiskey 
was hauled away on an old ricket wa- 
gon making a track resembling a worm 
fence; that Mose had such a wagon, 
and that Mose and that Mose had run 
away from the neighborhood. 

Mr. Watson put Mose on the stand, 
and he denied any knowledge of the 
liquor, and that he went to his uncle's 
in Iredell county of his own free will. 
Mr. Watson thought he at least had 
a fighting chance to this time,' but 
Mose was to be cross examined, and 
the solicitor drew it out of Mose 
that he did not stop at the home of 
his uncle on arriving in Iredell coun- 
ty, but that he was found in a barn, 
two miles away from here at seven 
o'clock the next morning, asleep; and 
on being asked why he did not go to 
his uncles as he was supposed to have 
done, said: "there was report of mad 
dogs, and I was afraid of mad dogs." 
Mr. Watson called Mose ■ from the 
stand in disgust, the judge noting Mr. 
Watsons discomfiture. Mose took his 
seat behind his counsel, when Mr. Wa- 

instcad of mad dogs you would have 
had some chance, but as it is you are a 
'goner;' and submitted the case oa 
his honors charge. Mose was found 
guilty, and' was sentenced to the pea 
for a term of years. Up to this time 
the joke was on Mose. 

A few days later the sheriff took 
Mose, with three negroes on a forty 
mile drive to Winston to take the 
train for Raleigh, and it was on this 
trip down that the second part took 
place. One of the negroes who was 
satisfied and talkative proposed that 
in as "much as we all is dun fer, that 
we have a sperienee meetin' and all 
of us tell what brought us here." 
With that Sam called on Alex who 
said: "dey swo lies on him, else he 
would now be at his home." John on 
being called said "Dey would not low 
him a chantz to git eny witnesses, 
else I would a cum cler. " Then Sam 
said: "I am here cause I am guilty ob 
stealing dat man's meat, dats how I 
cum here." Mose the white man not 
volunteering anything, Sam said: 
"Mr. Moses, you'is er white man, but 
bein as we all is told how we cum 
here, we would like to know how youse 
was sent wid us?" 

Mose did not so much as lift his 
eyes, but drawled out : "It is doad 
easy how I come here, I had a fool for 
a lawyer." 

Mr. Watson had a great store of 
personal jokes, but perhaps there was 


none that be enjoyed telling more titan this one. — Contributed. 

I was riding down the main street of an important town on Monday 
after Christmas. I passed a limousine car, bearing two young women 
and two young men. Both girls were deeply concerned about their ap- 
pearance. Each were headed for an afternoon dance in a public place. 
The girls were using each a lip-stick. I knew the mother of one of the 
girls — she takes in sewing for aliving (a perfectly honorable occupation) 
and does her own cooking and house-keeping. Has she the faintest idea 
what her daughter aspires to? 


(Anonymous) ] . 

Mr. Balfour was a busy man, too busy to look up any one in need of a kind 
deed, but ever ready to help those who asked it, and at times went out of bis 
way to do some one a favor. For some time he had been heavily occupied with 
work needed to be done, when on a certain Friday evening an old decrept 
black mammy living near hobbled up to bis home saying: "Ml". Balfour, 
I want to ask a favor of you; I want to ask you to get mo in the county home. 
You knowhow I am situated, how my daughter-in-law does not like me, and 

makes it unpleasant for me, and they Monday morning came, and dressed 

tell me there is a good place at the 
county home." He was at once in- 

"Grandma Jane?" said Mr. Bal- 
four, "you know I will accommodate 
you if I can; I know how you are 
situated, and I will go before the 
County Commissioners Monday morn- 
ing and state the case. I am afraid 
I will have trouble getting you in, as 
they may ask if your son is not able 
/to take care of you, and after telling 
them bow old you are and unable to 
work, I will have to plead the way 
you are being treated, as the excuse 
for the request." 

"I thank you Mr. Balfour," said 
Grandma Jane, "I think the weather 
will fall soon, and I want to get where 
I will be warm and "comfortable" be- 
fore the weather sets in." 

in a nice new suit, Mr. Balfour layed 
aside his work day clothes, and went 
early to the court house. He seldom 
went there except on business and 
generally in a hurry, but this good 
morning, on mercy bent, he was in no 
hurry, in fact had to wait some time, 
and this morning it seemed that every 
one be met was his friend, and each 
vied with the other to see which could 
be the gladcst to see Mr. Bel four. One 
officer called him in to give him a pa- 
per he had been keeping for him and 
to thank him for a favor done. Anoth- 
er friend shook more heartily and 
wanted to know why he so seldom 
saw Mr. B.J a nicely dressed lady 
wanted to be shown the sheriff's of- 
fice, and was profuse in her thauks 
for kindness done. Another friend 
introduced Mr. Belfour to the wife of 


a mutual friend ho had known many with "Grandma Jane" and her son 
years, and she was very gracious, say- and before two o'clock in the af tar- 
ing: "Mr. Belfour, I am delighted to noon "Grandma Jane" and her be- 
kuow you; my husband and his broth- longings were in Mr. Balfour's car 

er so often speak of you, I know all and speeding north to the county 

you.' relatives in , many home; "Grandma Jane" saying ever 

of whom I love as my own folks, and and anon, "I think the weather will 

all these years we have never chanced fall soon, ami I want to get to a place 

to meet." At every turn he met .1 can keep warm." In half an hour 

some one with a glad hand, a kind the good old black mammy was un- 

■\70rd. loaded and in a large brick room, 

doing into the Commissioners room heated by a stove in keeping with the 
Mr. Belfour found a most elegantly size of the room, and seated by this 
dressed lady addressing the Board in stove was telling the six old women- 
reference to the comfort and prive- of her age and color how glad she was 
leges of prisoners in jail. She was to be there, and how good Mr. Balfour 
eloquent, pointed, poised, a splendid had always been to her and her son. 
speaked, who when she had finished Being assured by the woman in charge 
was informed that what she was ask- of these seven old decrepits that they 
ing for was already on the way but were and would be well treated, and 
that did not lessen the beauty or the that they had "nothing in God's 
talk or the aim thai guided her and world to do but eat, sleep, keep warm 
her associates, some of whom were Mr. and behave themselves, with even a 
Balfour's friends and came forward to man to make the fires." Mr. Balfour 
speak to him. looked into the shining face of 

Hanging his hat and over-coat on a "Grandma Jane" and saw that look 

convenient nail and taking a seat, the of appreciation, and heard her telling 

Chairman of the Hoard came forward the others how good he had been to 

to speak and ask what he could do, Iter, and saw how happy she was; and 

and being told he kindly advanced Mr. took this message to her people: 

Balfour above some others waiting, "Tell and that I 

and standing before the Commission- am sitting by a big warm stove with 

crs lie staled the case of "Grandma plenty to eat and a good place to sleep, 

Jane" just, as it was, and without and no one to fuss at me," he felt he 

having thought of it before, found was well repaid for that part of the 

a champion of his case in one of his day. 

friends on the board, and in less time Soon' he was speeding homeward 

than it takes to say so, the order was over a paved road in a splendidly 

made, the clerk Idled the necessary working automobile, every throb of the 

papers, and .Mr. Balfour thanking the motor seemed in unison with the 

Board was soon on his way home. kindly feeling in Mr. B.'s heart. And 

The Chairman having told him (hat as he recounted the many kindnesses 

he would have to carry his charge done, of the responsive chords of syni- 

to the home. pathy and good will that seemed to 

At home he discussed the matter prevade in all he met on his errand of 


merey; and when all had been accom- just;" sound and sweet; happy at 

plished and Mr. Balfour was safely in having taken a day to do a kind deed, 

the precincts of his comfortable home, and having been rewarded for the 

and the deeds of kindness to him and same by the kindness of his friends, 

' those he' had done Were recounted to not one of whom had the least idea 

his good wife, he seemed intoxicated of what had brought Mr. Balfour to 

in the joys of serving and being kindly the court house, except the County 

served by those he had met that day; Board. 

and for two hours he lay sleepless on MORAL: There is more real joy 

his bed before the relaxation of the in serving than in being served, 
nerves invited sleep; the "sleep of the 


"Love thyself last: cherish those hearts that hate thee; 
Be just, and fear not: 

Let all the ends thou -urn'st at be thy country's, 
Thy God's and truth's."— Henry VIII 

"Above all: to thine ownself be true 

And it must follow, as the night the day, 

Thou canst not then be false to any man."— Hamlet 

"The Successful Man is the one 

"Who does what he ought to do, 

Whether he wants to do it or not. 

-'■'Many happy New Years. Unbroken 

Friendships, great accumulations 

■■- •■ Of cheerful recollections and affections 

On earth and Heaven for us all." — Dickens 

January first, 1922. Sincerely j-our friend, ' • * 

Durham - ' ... v ,. -■="• - "'••-- * 





V, i 


. ' li 

■i ■ 



Swift Island Bridge 

. L. Craven 


ap, Showing the 
New Raleigh-Con- 

cord-Charlotte Route 



Courtsy Raleigh News & Observer 



By Ben Dixon MacNeill, in News & Observer 

They may have been speaking the same language on both sides of the Pte 
Dee river down in the hinterland of the Sandhill country, but' they didn't learn 
it, these two neighborhoods didn't, from each other. Stanly county was as 
far from Montgomery county as Murphy is from Manteo, had about as little 
in common as have a Roanoke Island fisherman and a Cherokee lumberman. 
The river ran wide and deep between them. 

It is no uncommon story. Down move the two cities nearer yet. Xo 

no uncommon 
on the lower reaches of the Cape 
Fear the sluggish waters of that 
river, uuhridged anywhere from 
Fayetteville to Wilmington, people 
have lived for a generation within a 
quarter of a mile of one another 
without knowing whose chimney 
smoke they saw curling up of an even- 
ing, or whose calf they heard lowing 
across the river. Rivers just don't 
make for neighborliness, and this 
Pee Dee river that skirts the lower 
rim of the foothills is swifter and 
sometimes madder than the Cape Fear. 

But the Pee Dee has been tamed, 
bridged over and made harmless and 
gentle. Montgomerians can cross ov- 
er it now and visit with their neigh- 
bors in. Stanly. They can go to the 
same church if they want to, the far- 
mers can swap pigs, and the women 
folks can take their darning and go 
and spend the afternoon with the wo- 
men folks over in Stanly and find 
out what's been going on over th°re 
all these years. And Stanly can come 
over to Montgomery and get a "bait," 
as they say down in the .Cape Fear 
country, of Montgomery peaches. 

The bridge is a great thing, no 1 , 
just for Stanly and Montgomery. By 
its building- Charlotte - has been sor: ' 
of annexed to the State Capital. If 
not actually annexed, brought 3G miles 
nearer, and may be something will 

more going around the Rockingham or 
(lie Greensboro elbows to get from 
Raleigh to Charlotte, when one just 
cut across the country over as go hI a 
road as the commonwealth can boast 
of and save 30 miles ami two hours' 
driving time. It can be done now in 
live hours and still give no lurking 
speed regulator a joyful thrill. 

Swift Island is the name of the 
bridge. It is eight miles sjuth of 
i'.adin and the greatest aluminum 
plant in the world; not "ar from 
what used to be the biggest gold 
mine in America before the mad days 
of '49 and California; eight miles 
east of Albemarle, the county seat of 
Stanly; 17 miles west of Troy, like 
honored in Montgomery; eight miles 
north of Mount Gilcad, Montgomery '3 
principal town. It is just about half 
way from. Tennessee to the Atlantic 
ocean", and' connecting roads give on 
almost every, highway in the St ate. 

It is a picturesque country. Y. r est- 
boumF^tralfic gets, its first view of 
mountains there. Xqt much moun- 
tains, to be sure^ compared with what 
they' will begin to see up Bridge- 
water, the easterner, mountains 
that appear almost as grand-, as tho 
Alps of the picture books. The 
Uwharrie mountains, they are called, 
and in them was found the first gold 
in America. Dotted all over that 



country arc abandoned shafts that 
•ceased to be paying mines when gold 
got so plentiful in California. They 
still find occasional nuggets down 

Ba'diri is built where the Pee Dee 
cuts through the [Twharrie moun- 
tains. Few people in the State have 
ever seen that monster power u-jcesop- 
ment, the concrete dam 210 feet high, 
.and the lake that has SO riiilea of 
shore line. The water that 'io\7s 
through there develops 120,000 elec- 
trical horsepower. It is tha fi'.vst 
natural site for a dam in all the Stale. 
The Hadin daia is less than l,5lHi feet 
long, and juts right up into the rock 
precipices in the Uwharrie wherj the 
Pee Dee cuts through. 

Swift Island bridge is 1,090 feet and 
9 inches long. Contract for its con- 
struction was let by State Highway 
Commissioner Frank Page on October 
18, 1920, to Cornell-Young & Co., of 
Macon, Ua., for $199,300. Workmen 
threw the lirst shovel of dirt sixteen 
days later, and the job was turned o\ • 
er completed the middle of Decem- 
ber, 1921, some time ahead of the 
contracted time. 

Into the bridge were built 244 ear- 
loads of material. In it are 22 car- 
loads of cement, ()0 carloads of sand, 
.100 carloads of stone and 10 carloads 
of structural steel. Timbers and 
-other material make up the rest of 
the total cars of stuff that went into 
it. The bridge weighs .17,772,000 

Three main spans, each 127 feet 
long, make up the bridge proper as 

it crosses the actual width of the 
river, and 12 approach spans are 
used. It is the biggest bridge that 
has yet been built by the State 
High way Commission. The AVilliani- 
ston bridge is somewhat bigger, and 
will cost about 50 per cent more. 
Federal roads bureau engineers pro- 
nounce it one of the finest pieces 
of concrete work in the United 
States, and the design of the bridge 
without better anywhere. 

Plans for the bridge were drawn 
here in Raleigh by a man that the 
city sees on the streets sometimes, 
but a man whom few recognizes. He 
is William L. Craven, often spoken 
of as the best concrete bridge de- 
signer iu the L'nited States. He has 
offices in the Highway Commission 
building, and almost any hour of 
the day, and often at night, he can 
be found there, drawing away. He 
has a passion for bridges. 

C. S. Currier, now district en- 
gineer for the Highway Commission 
in the Seventh District, started out 
as resident engineer on the job, and 
stayed by until he was promoted. 
Looking around for a successor to 
him, Commissioner Page picked a 
young engineer, W. S. Morrison, who 
had been a draftsman in the bridge 
department. It was he who trans- 
ferred Mr. Craven's design to 
blue print, and it was he who Mr. 
Page sent out to see the job through. 
He lived night and day on the job, 
and his brodge is as good as the 



Number (V) Dirtdaubers and Wasps. 

Dirtdaubers and Wasps are as perservering and patient as any of the insect 
family. The former seems to perish with each season, leaving its young in mud 
cells to do its work the next year, while the wasp seeks shelter in hollows, in 
any warm crevice and lives over the winter to begin again the work of rearing 
young. In all the years on the farm as we boys grew to manhood there were 
few if any insects that were of more interest. And few things gave the boys 
any livelier time than a well stocked wasp nest, 

Both these insects belong to the 
stinger family, but the dirtdauber nev- 
er stings unless handled, saving its en- 
ergy in that line for the spiders it 
catches by the score. The dirtdauber 
family I divided into four sections. 
A jet black one, a reddish brown and 
two others that do not build mud cells, 
but bore holes in the ground, catch a 
worm, sting it, put an egg into its 
body and cover it tightly in the hole. 
There were two of these, one much 
larger than any other of the family, 
the second about the size of the first 
two, with a blue wing. The two first 
mentioned are the main ones, and of 
which I desire to 1x11 this, mainly. 
They come as soon as warm weather 
dawns, (from the mud cells) and be- 
gin a new set of nests or mud cells, 
selecting a place out of the way of 
storms; an out house is preferable. 
Then a place is found where water and 
clay are handy. This they roll into a 
ball the size of an ordinary pea, which 
they carry in their mouths and paste 
into a semi-circle ridge on the board 
and hurry for another turn, which is 
placed on the first shaping into a tun- 
nel, and the work goes on from day 
to day; they making a noise like the 
contact points of an electric battery, 
as they deposite the clay. The black 
dauber builds a cell about an inch and 

a naif long and about three-eighths 
of an inch in diameter inside. This 
finished it begins to fill the cell with 
spiders, first laying an egg in the lower 
end of the cell. When full of spiders 
it seals the cell up with mud, and at 
once begins work of building another 
cell beside and attached to the first. 
This is repeated from four to six 
times, each time filling with spiders 
on the eggs. 

The larger or brownish dauber 
builds of the same material in the 
same protected places, but builds one 
long cell sometimes two, as long as six 
inches, and about half an inch inside. 
This is filled with a larger spider, as a 
rule, than the double cells contain, 
and the egg deposited the same way. 
When all are filled they proceed to 
build another and another until the 
season is over. Then they coat all ov- 
er with a heavier coat of mud to pro- 
tect the young grub from the cold of 

The spiders you find in these cells 
are varied in color and you wonder 
where they came from, but they are 
there. These insects are evidently 
provided with a substance like ether, 
which is also a preservative. The 
spiders keep as if in alcohol, and as 
soon as the grub hatches it begins 
to feed on these spiders, and by this. 



time of the year they are mostly eaten 
and the young grub, that will next 
year be a dauber, is inclosed in a 
brown chrysalis, and about as long as 
the cell. It will from now until spring 
be in the transition stage; passing 
from a smooth worm into the shape 
of a dirt dauber. Later it turns its 
natural color and gains strength to 
cut out, a full fledged flyer. The 
ground family are doing the same 
thing, and will come out in spring 
ready to make a summer of toil to 
propagate its kind. A dauber is sel- 
dom killed by a spider, but occasional- 
ly it gets tangled in a web and dies. 
The wasp family I divide into three 
species : the large red, the small brown 
and the ground or "guinea" which 
is striped with yellow. The first two 
build nests identical and up off the 
ground in a house or under an cave or 
(most generally) in the hedges by the 
fields. The ground or "guinea" 
builds in a sunken place in the ground 
slightly below the level, and attached 
to something, and one never sees the 
nest until he has stepped on it and is 
being chased by the owners, which 
are bad stingers. All three build nests 
of fibre from decaying timbers, such 
as fences and dead trees, which is no 
doubt made adhesive from a substance 
furnished from the mouth of the 
wasp. First it builds a strong stem, 
fastened tightly to a limb or board, 
if in the house. If in the field they al- 
ways set near the ground, and face 
downward to shed water. Upon this 
stem they begin to enlarge and shape 
the fibre cells like the bee makes honey 
cells. As soon as a few cells are start- 
ed they begin depositing an egg in 
each, and as the egg .hatches and be- 
gins to grow the cell is built higher 

and other cells are coming on all 
around this one, so that by the timer 
the first grubs get their size there are 
other cells in all stages, from those an 
inch high to those just starting and 
each cell has its grub in all stages of 
growth. Some are bringing fibre, 
others busy bringing small worms and 
other soft insects which are fed hour 
by hour to the grubs. As soon as the 
grub reaches a certain size it is cap- 
ped over with same material and it 
begins to transform into the shape of 
a wasp. Later it grows legs and 
wings and turns brown, and finally 
cuts out, a grown wasp. Thus the 
work proceeds all summer, and cool 
weather always catches them with 
some cells started that they never fin- 
ish, the little grubs perishing. If you 
will find a nest, at this season, and 
examine it you will find it as I have 
told here, and you can also tell which 
of the cells were finished and wasps 
hatched from. The stingers are now 
in winter quarters. 

Properly speaking the wasp and the 
dauber are useful insects. The dau- 
ber catching poison spiders, the wasp 
feeding its young on small worms and 
aphides and other sucking insects, that 
are injurious to plants; but in spite of 
that it is a stinger, a fighter, and the 
large nests being so often hidden 
where they are not seen until the plow 
animal or the man is into the nest and: 
being stung, men have always fought 
the wasp. Nothing gave the bojs on 
the farm a hotter time than the find- 
ing and beating down a wasp nest. 
When all the stingers were run away 
or killed we would get the nest and 
spend lots of interesting time feed- 
ing the larger grubs in the cells with 
the smaller grubs. In fact they seem- 


•cd to eat anything they could swallow, as was mentioned in the story of 
All you had to do was to put the end "Worms and Butterflies." In worrn- 
•of the small grub in the mouth of the ing the tobacco we would find a hole 
larger and down it went little at the in a leaf and the young worm gone; 
time. I never filled one. These young and often would see the wasp carrying 
grubs made a very high grade of fish it off. 
bait for sun-perch and such, it being 
ivhite and easily seen in the water. 

The wasp would feed the young 
*rubs on young "horn-worms," such 

white and easily seen in the water. The next number will be about 

lie wasp would feed the young Birds and Animals. 

We are but organs mute, till a master touches the keys — 
Verily, vessels of earth into which God poureth the wine; 

Harps are we, silent harps that have hung on the willow trees, 
Dumb till our heartstrings swell and break with a pulse divine. 

• — Anon. 


Friends in Raleigh, the city of Dr. Michael Hoke's birth, will be interested 
and glad to learn that he has recently been highly honored by the Chamber of 
Commerce of Atlanta, Dr. Hoke's present home, by having been awarded a 
certificate of distinguished achievement. The award, which was the second 
given by the Atlanta chamber, was made to Dr. Hoke on account of his great 
.work as an orthopedic surgeon. 

The idea of presenting certificates Robert F. fluke of Raleigh, and a 

^attesting their beneficial service to the In-other of Mrs. Alex Webb, of this 

city, the State and the world at-large city. General Hoke was one of the 

upon two Atlantans each year was greatest of the Confederate leaders. 

'adopted at the last 1920 session of the It is said (hat General Lee had chosen 

board of directors of the Atlanta him to succeed him in command of the 

Chamber of Commerce, and the first Confederate forces, should he be 

■awards were made last week. The killed. 

other recipient was a woman, .Mrs Dr. Hoke was captain of the fa- 
Samuel Lumpkin. The certificates to mous football team of 1892 at the 
Dr. Hoke and Mrs. Lumpkin were in University of North Carolina. Fol- 
the form of citations and the vote for lowing the game in Atlanta when 
their presentation was unanimous. the Tar Heels licked the University 

Dr. "Mike" Hoke is one of the of Virginia 2(3 to 0, a Confederate 

most distinguished of North Caro- veteran stopped Captain Hoke as 

lina's sons. His remarkable success he left the field, muddy and bloody 

dn the field of orthopedic surgery has from the fray. • ■ 

given him a nation wide reputation. ■ "What's 'vour name?" asked the 

Dr. Hoke is a son of the late General veteran. 



•Hoke" replied the victorious cap- 


"Any kin to General IlokeV" 

"Yes, sir; his son.'' 

"Well, you go back and tell your 

pa that I've seen the finest lighting- 
today that I've seen since Chati- 
cellorsville, " said the veteran!— News 
& Observer. 

"To work, to help and to be helped, to learn sympathy through suffer- 
ing, to learn faith by perplexity, to reach truth through wonder; behold! 
this is what it is to prosper, this is what it is to live." 


By Erfv/in Tarisse. 

Measurements of time based on the phenomena of nature were naturally re- 
garded as peculiarly sacred by those ancients who worshipped the heavenly 
bodies. They venerated even the motion of the stars. This is not surprising* 
to the open mind. Partial knowledge made them attentive to conspicuous 
rather than to less observed, though more significant phenomena. It was na- 
tural that they should be impressed by sudden and brief, but overwhelming, 
exhibitions more than by changes that occupied long periods and made slow 
progress, requiring extended, systematic observation. 

The calendars of the ancient world and the ancients did not even know 

were based on the diurnal revolution 
of the earth; on the phenomena of 
sunrise, noonday and sunset, the peri- 
odic phases of the moon, its division 
into four quarters; on the four sea- 
sons with their wonderful variations 
of temperature and storms, thunder 
and dew, seed-time and harvest, and 
on all the multitudinous phenomena 
of the skies. 

If we should suppose, however, that 
the primitive races were without 
knowledge as the results of observa- 
tion, or devoid of interest in science, 
we should be in error: They may have 
been quite as* Scientific' in spirit as 
ourselves, though they had fewer in- 
struments 'for scientific p"itrsuit. They 
were'il'ot'e'qiiippe'd as we'are. The solar 
year ' wlis not' 1 accurately' 'determined 
' unf 11 the sixt'ee'ilth Christian century, 
~'y .Jiia-.;'i lilr'r i ',.'s ■•'lO'-.'^'KJ- ■ 

that the earth had a motion round the 
sun; yet the Egyptians of four thou- 
sand years ago had fixed the year as 
a period of three hundred and sixty- 
live days, divided so accurately and 
wisely that it was copied by the French 
Commune a little over a century ago- 
as being the perfection of year di- 
visions, and the Chaldeans had a year 
of twelve months two thousands years- 
before that. 

The day was the simplest of all ca- 
lendar periods. Some of the most 
civilized nations of antiquity had no 
hours, but only such divisions as were 
understood by the terms, "dawn," 
"forenoon," "afternoon," "twi- 
light," "evening," and the foirr 
watches'' of the night. The ancient 
Greeks' divided the day and the night 
each into twelve equal parts, and, a's 



the parts were variable in duration, 
.'according to the season of the year, 
they were called temporary hours, 
summer hours, winter hours, etc. The 
Jews had hour divisions for the day, 
but many of the ancients had none. 

The origin of the week is obscure. 
We cannot find any account of its be- 
ginning. It was probably, at first, 
regarded as a quarter of the moon and 
there is little doubt that this was its 
origin. Its motions were regarded as 
sacred, its phases were observed by 
everybody. Naturally, one way of de- 
scribing them was by stating what 
fraction of the disk was illuminated 
or any particular night. They did 
not understand the progressive in- 
crease and decrease of the moon's 
bright face, and had not, like the 
moderns, lost their interest in lunar 

Many of the ancients had no week 
in their calendar. The Greeks, for 
instance, had none, nor the Romans, 
until after the reign of Theodosius. 
In fact, our own forefathers borrowed 
the week from the daj-s of the month 
backward from Orientals, and gave 
its days the names of their own de- 
ities. The people of the . . ast num- 
bered the days of the week. The Ro- 
mans, who had no week, numbered the 
•calends, the nones and the ides. 

The beginning of the day has va- 
ried with different peoples. The Chal- 
deans reckoned their day from sunrise, 
the Egyptians and Greeks from mid- 
night, and we follow the example of 
the Greeks in this matter. The be- 
ginning of the week has also varied. 
'The Egyptian week began with Sat- 
urday, the Hebrew week with Sunday. 
:Arc -we sure that the Jews in chang- 
ing the beginning of the day and the 

beginning of the week did not also 
change the identity of some of the 
days ? Is our first day of the week 
in this twentieth century the same 
day as was accounted the first of the 
week by Hammurabi, King of ancient 
Babylon, or by Moses when he kept 
the flocks of Jethro on the pastures 
of Horeb? Is it the same as the first 
day of the Egyptian week known to 
Rameses II in Heliopolis and Thebes? 
Romulus established a year of ten 
months, following, it is said, the an- 
cient Alban year. Each of these 
months was of the duration of a 
moon's age, so that, if we omit the 
added days, which were outside the 
ten months, the year of Romulus 
would be less than three hundred days 
in length. Did these added days have 
names when the other days of the year 
had none? It is not likely. The Ro- 
mans had no week and no week days. 
There could be no names for days if 
there were no months in these added 
days of the early Roman calendar. 
This seems to be an interesting field 
investigation. It is well known that 
the Chaldeans (Accadians) had the 
week in their system 3800 B. C.J that 
the Egyptians had it 2000 B. C. ; that 
the Hebrews had it 1300 B. C; yet 
the Romans had no week whose days 
correspond with the days of the mod- 
ern Jewish week. How did it come 
about that our first day of the week 
is the same as that of the Jews? The 
strong probability is that the Jews got 
their week from the Babylonians or 
the Egyptians, and, no doubt, we got 
it in turn from them. The only doubt 
arises in the question as to whether 
the Hebrews would not purposely 
■change the days of their hated cap- 
tors and oppressors, as they changed 



the first day of the week from Satur- 
day to Sunday, and the beginning of 
the day from midnight to sunset. 

The year has been a more difficult 
problem than any of the periods here- 
tofore named. This is because of its 
natural division into a fractional 
number of days and moon revolutions. 
The celestial wheels have no cogs. 
The earth travels a little too slowly 
for the convenience of the makers of 
calendars. If it completed its solar 
revolution in 3G1 days instead of in a 
little over 3G5 days — apparently an 
easy task — we should have a year 
consisting of exactly fifty-two seven- 
day weeks, and Xew Year's Day would 
no longer be a vagrant through the 
week, as it is at present. 

The Jewish year has always been, 
like that of the Babylonians, one of 
twelve lunar months and one inter- 
calary month added, when necessary, 
to keep the year in proper relation 
with the seasons. At first the em- 
bolisniic year was added once in 
about every three years. In later 
times seven months were introduced 
in the course of every nineteen years. 

The ancient Arabian calendar was 
purely lunar. Its year consisted of 
twelve lunar months, with no interca- 
lation to keep them in constant seaso- 
nal relation. Their year retrogressed 
through the four seasons in about 
thirty-two and a half years. Arabian 
or Mohammedan years are arranged 
in cycles of thirty, ninety-one of which 
are common years of three hundred 
and fifty-four days each, and eleven 
are intercalary years with an ad- 
ditional day appended to the last 
month. This brings the average du- 
ration of the Mohammedan month to 
within 2.8 seconds of an astronomical 

mean lunation, an error which would! 
amount to a day in about 2,400 years. 
China, like nearly all the Eastern 
nations, has a lunar calendar. The 
months are alternately twenty-nine 
and thirty-days in duration, and be- 
gin when the moon is between the sun 
and the earth. The }*ear begins and 
ends when these three bodies are in 
the same relation. The Chinese add 
a thirteenth month to the year after 
every thirty lunations. Such a plan 
does not keep the year in consonance 
with the seasons. Therefore instruc- 
tions have to be issued relating to 
planting, reaping, fishing, and hunting. 
This accounts for the great bulk of 
the Chinese almanac, which is said to 
have the largest circulation of any 
book in the world. • The common 
twelve-month year contains necessari- 
ly three hundred and fifty-four days. 
In ancient times the Chinese years 
were named after certain animals. 
Even the hours were so named. A 
Chinaman will sometimes even yet tell 
you he was born in the dragon year or 
in the dog year. Clocks are still 
running which strike the hours of the 
rat or the horse. Expressions such as 
"before horse" or "after horse," 
meaning before or after noon, were in 
use. Noon was "full horse" in the old 

A few words as to our own calendar. 
Our day names were derived from the 
Scandinavians. The week came to us 
from the Jews, the month and the year 
from the Romans. Xo institution was 
ever more subject to whim and caprice 
than the Roman calendar. The ten 
months of Romulus became twelve un- 
der. Xuma, who added January and 
February. The year was now one of 
three hundred and lifty-four days,- 



ftaving twelve months of twenty-nine 
and thirty days alternately. Then a 
•clay was added to make the number 
odd because odd numbers were ac- 
counted more propitious. A mouth 
of "twenty-two and twenty-three days 
alternately was intercalated between 
the 23d and the 24th of February in 
every second year. The average num- 
ber of days in the year was now 366%. 
Later the intercalary month was omit- 
ted in every twenty-four year. The 
transaction made the year aver- 
age almost solar. 

Alter this the priests seem to have 
had power to increase or diminish the 
days of any year at will under any 
plausible pretext. Their plan was 
to postpone an event or hasten it with- 
out changing its date. They inter- 
calated days at will. No one knew 
just when a year would begin or end. 
This continued until Julius Ciesar 
found the year A. U. C. 707 so disor- 
dered that it was necessary to add two 
months, though it was already a year 
of thirteen mouths. He thus made it 
a year of fifteen months, being 455 

The average year was now fixed at 
SGSVi days by giving the odd months 
31 days and the even ones 30. The 
exceptions to this rule were the com- 
mon years when February had only 
twenty-nine days. Even now the 
priests seemed not to have had enough 
intelligence to carry out Caesar's or- 
ders, and their mistakes had to be 
corrected in the next reign. But Aug- 
ustus, wishing to be accounted a pa- 
tron of science, imitated Julius Ciesar 
by having August named in his honor, 
as July had been named after his pre- 

But August had only thirty days, 

and July had thirty-one. AVhy should 
file month of August tie briefer than 
the month of Julius? This was an 
indignity not to be suffered, so another 
day was taken from the already long- 
suffering February and added to Aug- 
ust. Then, that there should not be 
three thirty-ono-days in one quarter, 
one day of September was pushed on 
into October, and the 31st of Novem- 
ber was pushed on into December, 
and lo,! we had our calendar. It has 
always been called the Julian cal- 
endar, but if the great Ciesar had 
known what anomalies his sueeesor 
had introduced, he would have dis- 
owned it, and the least the world 
should have done was to have restored 
the Julian calendar to the state in 
which Julius Ciesar intended it to re- 
main. This should be done now, some 
scientists contend, and without the 
least delay. The Julian calendar is 
clumsy enough with all the improve- 
ments of the Gregorian reforms, with- 
out the silly meddlings which have 
made it a curio for all time. 

The Gregorian amendments to the 
calendar are described in a thousand 
books, almanacs and encyclopaedias, 
and though a worthy and helpful re- 
form, need not be explained here. 
Just this observation, however may be 
made. We speak of the Julian and 
Gregorian calendars. Ciesar and Greg- 
ory were the instruments by which 
these were adopted and . are to be 
commended. Perhaps it is well to re- 
member, however, that the astronomer 
Sosigenes was the author of the Julian 
calendar, and that the Italian phy- 
sician Aloysius Lilus, devised 'the 
Gregorian reform, but died before its 
















God may not notice when a king 
Ascends a throne or lies in state; 
He may not watch when couriers bring 
The news that seals a nation's fate, 
But he who rules the cloud and wave 
And sets the stars in place beholds 
Ands sheds His grace upon the brave 
Who bears the lost lambs to the folds. 

It matters little when the proud 
Have reason to forget their pride, 
But when the roaring storm is loud 
It matters much to turn aside 
And lift the fallen and the weak, 
To shield the crippled from distress, 
To cheer the hungry and to seek 
The lost lambs in the wilderness. 

The days are brief, the nights are long, 
And tearful children ask for bread, 
But if the grasp of Greed is strong, 
Good Will and Kindness are not dead! 
The rich forget a while to care 
Too much for power or pride or gold, 
And, here and there, have time 'to bear 
A lost lamb gently to the fold. 

— New York Sunday American 


















Ever Mating And Creating. 

By Robert Loticman 

God toss'd the stars away 

Then made another day; 

And tiring of the light 

He rears another night; 

He speeds the untamed comets on 

Beyond the purple dusk and dawn, 

New orbs he whirls 

Like lustrous pearls 

Down the byways of the highways of the skyways; 

Ever mating and creating; 

Content a moment with a firmament, 

Then fair and rare, up poised in air, 

He makes anew drenched in dew 

A fresh and fragrant rose-world, 

Ocean girdled, cloud encurled; 

He mingles loves and woes and spheres, 

Joy, hope and hate, immortal fears; 

Ever mating and creating; 

So it hath been and so shall be, 

Through infinite eternity. 






(Henry B. Faucette, Reporter.) 

Mr. D. H. Pitts, formerly an offi- 
cer here, came back to spend the 
Christmas holidays with us. 

Miss Mary H. Latimer, matron, 
at third cottage, has returned after 
a very much enjoyed short stay wi'h 
her friends and relatives in South 

The societies have now re-opened 
with renewed vigor for the next 
year's work. From the present out- 
look of things somethihg must be 
accomplished within the next twelve 
months with all the enthusiasm that 
the boys are putting into it. 

Every chance we get, the force 
goes out to work on the terraces on 
our farm. This work has been bad- 
ly needed here. We make some each 
year and by this means, it will not 
be long before our whole farm will 
be pretty well terraced. 

The New-Year has begun with 
much activity in all department. It 
seems as though, every one has made 
a new resolution to accomplish more 
good this year than in any previous 
year in the history of the Jackson 
Training School. It is hoped that 
the spirit may be carried through 
the entire year at it has begun. 

From the number of boxes of can- 
ned goods that have been placed in 
the store room, we have nr> fears 
of going hungry during the winter. 
"With peanuts as a special — white 

beans, pork and beans, limas, hominy, 
etc., make up the substantials. We 
will rest easy during the winter re- 
gardless of the weather. 

Victor High, George Howard, 
Waldo Shinn, William Chalk, Car- 
lyle Hardie, Lambert Cavenaugh, 
John Edwards, Swift Davis, Clyde 
Willard, Jackson McLellf.n, Ernest 
Allen, Malcolm Holman, Doyle Jack- 
son, Columbus Meade, and Edward 
Cleaver, Chas. Mayo, were very 
much pleased to receive visits from 
home folks Wednesday. 

Rev. Mr. Myers, of Concord, 
came out and held services for us 
Sunday. He preached an excellent 
sermon and chose for his text: "For 
ye know the grace of our Lord Je- 
sus Christ, that, though He was rich, 
yet for your sakes He became poor, 
that _ve through His poverty might 
be rich." The feature of the ser- 
vice was the singing of some girls 
from Concord. We are always glad 
to have anybody come out and help 
us in our religious worship. 

January is here again. Well, what 
of it? It is a joy to those who have 
followed the straight and narrow 
path. Jarvis Quinn, of Bessemer 
City, left a few days ago with an 
honorable parole in his pocket. 
While at the school, he made a re- 
cord that anyone would be proud of; 
though, at times he would take a 
dislike toward the school and would 
leave the campus for a while, but 
he would always return. Master 
Quinn left the school with the high- 
est honors and it is hoped he will 
continue to live the life he has start- 
ed. He has the best wishes of suc- 
cess and happiness from the boys of 
the Jackson Training School. 

3 o 


Christmas at the J. T. S. 

By Swift Davis. 

Usually upon telling of a Christ- 
mas celebration it is best to begin 
a few days before that time. I start 
at the time when all of the boys 
wrote home. Each of the boys ex- 
pressed his personal desire in his 
letter to his home folks. Some were 
for money to use in buying presents; 
others were gifts of various practical 

A few days after this time boxes 
of every description began to arrive. 
The vehicle in which the postman 
brings our mail fairly groaned with 
the weight of different articles. As 
days passed, each boy's eager expec- 
tancy was gratified. The boys were 
told of the arrival of their boxes 
and they were asked if they wanted 
to open it then or save it until Christ- 
mas. Some were opened, somp were 
saved, but on Christmas day the boys 
were too---yes, "full" is what the 
boys say---to open their boxes until 
after Christmas. 

After much tedious waiting Xmas 
Eve finally arrived. On that .night 
we had our entertainment and these 
boys did themselves so much honor 
they deserve to be mentioned; Lon- 
nie Walker, Vass Fields, Everett 
Goodrich, Dudley Spangle, James 
Alexander, Victor High, Carlyle 
Bardie and the last being Sam Tay- 
lor whose oratorial abilities have 
been mucu spoken of before in this 

Carlyle Hardieone of the smallest 
boys at the school made the biggest 
"hit" of the night in his speech of 
"Is Santa Married?'' He said Santa, 
was' married t'o Mary. Mary who?. 
Mary (Merry)' Christmas. 

The boys each received a bag of 

candy and other various sweet meats- 
appealing to their palates. There 
was a sample tube of Colgate's Dent- 
al Cream in the bag and a card re- 
questing the signatures and promises, 
of the boys to keep their teeth clean, 
by washing them daily. I am glad 
to say the majority of the boys 
signed this pledge and are keeping- 
tbeir teeth clean, because this is an- 
essential of health. The boys went 
to bed that night in a very happy 
frame of mind. Why shouldn't they 

As most writers say, Xmas dawn- 
ed bright and cheerful. So it was 
the case this lime. After breakfast 
the boys whose boxes still remained 
unopened now had the pleasure of 
opening theirs. Exclamations of 
delight came from every corner of 
the room as here and tl ere a useful' 
present was disclosed to view. As 
this day was Sunday quiet and order- 
ruled supreme. After Sunday School 
we had dinner. Such a dinner most 
boys bad never seen before. Tabels 
were laden with all sorts of good 
eats, there is no use of naming al! of 
the good and delicious edibles for it 
wouldgtake up to much room, suffice 
to say the boys left the dining room 
feeling as though they could eat no 
more for a week. Church was on 
the program for the evening. 

Supt. Boger very generously al- 
lowed the boys three holidays in 
which thev delighted, 'the Junior 
Circle of the King's Daughters paid 
us a visit Monday and brought gifts 
of candy. Vass Fields one of our 
reliable speakers delivered a very 
creditable vote of thanks to them 
for all tbeir past kindnesses: • t 

Tuesday the boys had a big bon-, 
fire in an open place in the Woods, 
especially selected for this purpose. 


3 1 

The boys all feel that Christmas 
is a fine time not only for the pur- 
pose of having good things but be- 
cause their Ideal, the most perfect 
man ever known or ever will be 
known, Jesus Christ, was born on 
that day. ~sl 

The boys retired Wednesday 
night, ready to do their full duty 
the following m >rning and so ended 
the best time of the year. 


Month ending Dec. 31st, 1921. 

There apoears below something 
that will make the fathers and 
mothers of the boys whose names 
appear feel good. The honor roll is 
kept and published every month. 
The Class "A" are those whose con- 
duct has been such that their names 
are worthy to be enrolled. The Class 
'B" are those who have made just 
one slip during the month. 

Henry B. Faucette, Sam A. Taylor, 
Swift B. Davis, James W. Gray, 
Bertram Hart, Robert Pool, Eldert 
Perdue, Victor R. High, William F. 
Gregory, James Honeycutt, Jarvis 
Quinn, Jack McLeland, Doyle Jack- 
son, Muriy Evans. Clyde Willard, 
Alley Williams, Edward Cleaver, 
Harry Sims, Dudley Pangle, Chas. 
Mayo, Floyd Huggins, Arthur Mont- 
gomery, Fitzhue Miller, John 
Moose, Vass Fields, Herbert Orr, 
Ernest Carver, Autry Wilkerson, 
Dohme Manning, Jake Willard, 
Rufus Wrenn, Everett Goodrich, 
Oscar Johnson. 

William Chalk, Magnus Wheeler, 
Walter Brockwell, Marion Butler, 
Ellis Nance, Malcom Holman, Hoyle 
Faulkner, Walter Shepherd, VVeldon 
Creasman, Roy Baker, Woodard 
Edmunson, John Wright, Fred Blue, 
Waido Sliinn, Edward Thomas, 
Howard Gilbert, Anderson Hart. Joe 
Kennon, Julian Piver, Albert Keever, 
Willie Morris, Charlie Bishop, Ralph 
Goins, John EJwards, Lonnie Walk- 
er, GLrnn Reddick, Marshal Will- 
iams, James Suther, Hubert Yar- 
boro, Henry Reece, Grover Cook, 
Raymond Scott, Joseph Pope, Sid- 
ney Cook. 

Death >f Mrs. W. D. Anthony. 

Mrs. Sallie Miller Anthony, one of 
Concord's most estimable aad elder- 
ly ladies, died early Tuesday morn- 
ing. Had she lived until the 9th of 
this month she would have reached 
her 77th birthday. She leaves no 
brother nor sister, her husband died 
years ago and about seven years ago 
her only child, Mrs. J. A. Rennet, 
passed away. 

Mrs. Anthony, a great lover of 
flowers, having in her own yards 
the largest variety of flowers in this 
entire section, a few weeks ago fell 
--fell amongst these flowers she 
loved so well and tenderly, struck 
down by paralysis. This was the be- 
gining of the end of a beautiful life 
of service, faith and friendship. Her 
love for a gojd cause, for a friend--- 
the intensest loyalty---among her 
other many ennobling qualities, 
marked her as a superior being. 






/sstW Weekb— Subscription $2.00 

U 1 
I I 

CCNCORD N. C. JAN. 14, 1922, 

NO. 10 

I The Still Small Voice 

=: A boy four year* old saw a little spotted tortoise sun- 

•I ning himself in the shallow water. He lifted I the .tack ,n 

> hi. hand to strike at the tortek., Just „ he had seen 

I other boys, out of sport, kill squirrels. Bat all at once 

jt something checked his little arm, and a vo.ce errand 

* distinct within him said, "It is wronj!" Th ? boy h, Id 

* his uplifted stick in wonder at the n,w emot.on, till the 
X tortoise vanished from sight. Then hastening home, he 

* told the tale to his mother, and askad waat ,t was that 
% made him know it wa, wrong to k 11 the The 
% mother took him in her arm, and said, aom. cal l.t 

* conscience, but I prefer to call it the vo.c, of God .n the 
t soul of man. If you listen and obey it, then ,» wrfl speak 
$ clearer and clearer, and always you ar.ght; but f 

* you turn a deaf ear or disobey, then ,t wdl fade out lit- 

* tie by little, and leave you all in the dark w.thout a 
% Your life depends on heeding this little -Lyman 
% Abbott. 

* .,,.,.. fa fa, ♦.**.♦« &*&*•&*< 

»■--• v .——PUBLISHED BY 

L raariHa class or the stonewall jackson manual 



BGESE r-rrrv T -'. " . ' ". ~ " ~~ ' ^~ : r^'^ ~ ~~ 'r rr^ ~ ~~ 




% JMmWM mmmw 

Between the South and Washington and New York 




9.35 I'M 


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Hicjh Point. N. C 


Wins tor 

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Raleich, N. C. 



10 s:i "■:.!' 

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..H, Va. 

BALTMORE, MD . Pcnna. 
NEW YORK, Permn. Syite. 

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N-j. 37 


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2.25 PM 
9.00 AM 
6.05 AM 

■Lhbound between AtlaM 
Macon. Cotumbui, Attar 

and Richmond. 
1, Waahlnetoa ■ 

Not. 37 and 33- NEW YORK & NEW ORLEANS LIMITED. Solid Pullman train. Drawinf room itttinwm .leepinr ear* b»lw« 
New Orl»m, Monlenniery, Atlanta, W.,l,i, 1|£lt .n and New Yofk. Llcrp.n. car nt ' ' 
Club tar. ion ear. No toa<he». 

N01. 137 4 138. ATLANTA SPECIAL Dr.winj room .lerpinj car. bet««r 

Waihinjtan-San Francilco touriit ,'cr- in( car asuthbound. Dininj car. Ccael 

Not. 2$ A 30. BIRMINGHAM SPECIAL Orawi„ K tcr ,m ,Ucp.n e tP n bet 

San Francito-Watbinilon tourtit ateepin,- car northbound. Sle«pin( til b*tw<x 

DinLrif car. Coackr*. 

Orleans Montgomery. Birminrham. Atlanta and WaBninglon and New Yo.V. Di. 
Not* 1 Noa. » and 10 uaa P«»<htr co Strrsi Station only at Atlanta. 

n No. 138 connnti al Wa.hinaton with "COLONIAL EXPP.ES5." (hroujb trait, to B-=»«on <na H*ll Cat. Bndia Rout., I 
ton A. IS A. M. lia Pinna. Syitam. 

inj room iJeeping can bctuNii Na* 



The- Double Tracked Trunk Line Between Atlanta, Ca. and Washington, D. C. 



The Authority of the Stonewall Jackson Manual Training and Industrial School. 
Type-Setting by the Boys' Printing Glass. Subscription Two Dollars the Year in 

JAMES P. COOK, Editor. 

JESSE C. FISKER, Director Printing Department 

Entered as second-class matter Dec. 4, 1920, at the Post Office at Concord, N 
C, under the Act of March 3, 1879. 


A campaign is on to raise a million dollar fund in America to be known 
as "The Woodrow Wilson Foundation." The income from the million 
securely invested will be used annually in awarding a prize or prizes to an 
individual or group that has rendered meritorious service to democracy, 
public welfare, liberal thought or peace through justice. 

The amount expected of North Carolina is §35,000.00, and Mrs. Josephus 
Daniels, of Raleigh, has been chosen chairman to direct the campaign in 
this state. Already she has received encouraging amounts, and yet the 
campaign is set to formally begin on the 16th. This is a most worthy un- 
dertaking, recognizing as it does the patriotic services of Woodrow Wilson, 
twice president of the United States. 


Governor Morrison is credited in the public press as having declared, 
"that too many people in North Carolina are still living on white side meat, 
poor grade molasses and corn bread." And, accordingly, he announces a 
home garden campaign to be conducted in the State by the State Depart- 
ment of Agriculture and extension workers. 1 he Governor is eternally right- 
there are "John Smiths" in a section quite familiar to us that do not have 
in any appreciable quantities the trio— the white side meat is absent nirie- 
tenths of the meals. Any kind of molasses and all kinds of corn-bread would 
sooner oi later kill a billy-goat. • 

Anticipating this garden campaign, Hickory folks are exhibiting a peck- 


size turnip and singing- the praises of the producer, J. W. Starnes. It i.-? 
claimed that his turnip, weighing nine pounds less an ounce, fills a peck 
measure. Shucks! Within a hundred yards of this print-shop our young- 
sters have a patch of turnips where you can find seven or eight turnips 
that would fill a peek measure. 

If Governor Morrison's campaign results in causing the "John Smiths" 
to keep a cow, a hog, a garden and to continuously swat the fly and use 
lots of pure, clean water, he will have accomplished a monumental tasK 
and rendered an undying service to his state. Ihis can only be accomplish- 
ed by giving more substantial support to the Home and Farm Demonstra- 
tors and to the unceasing encouragement of All-Time health nurses and 
County Welfare Woikers. They are the ones to carry the message and to 
fight ignorance and indifference. 

The light of truth and knowledge must be made !o shine brightly. 


The Uplift has a cordial invitation from Supt. Reap, of the public schools 
of Stanly county, to join him and the patrons on the 16th on occasion of 
the opening of Fair View School, located by Millingport on the Concord- 
Albemarle road, seven or eight miles beyond Mt. Pleasant. "This is the 
first," writes Mr. Reap, "of our consolidated school buildings of the larg- 
er type to be completed and we are planning a brief but attractive pro- 
gramme. We shall have one large truck and five teachers working in the 
school the remainder of the year." All this progress and activity going 
on around Cabarrus, makes one feel as if he's missed the train. Give it 
to old Stanly---her strides the past ten years are strides, such as live men 


Clarence Poe, of the Progressive Farmer, issues a statement carrying ten 
points of Agricultural and Rural Freedom. Read them, and honestly go 
to thinking just how far the rural sections are now removed from the 
possibility ot enjoying the benefits of a single one of them. 

There are rare exceptions in certain communities where a part of these 
blessings touch, but not in such a way as to enhance the desire to remain in 
the country. Nearly everything put into the hands of the average school 
child emphasizes the beauty and advantages of town living or the worship 


of myths, and he is left to his own ingenuity and skill to find out the 
beauties and joys cf rural life. The subject matter of the readers which 
he is enforced to use, must give the average country child a queer 
feeling, if not confound him. But listen to Poe: 

1. The farmer is entitled to just as good wages for his labor as 
others get. 

2. He isentitled to just as good livhg c mditions for himself and his 
family as others enjoy. 

3. His children are entitled to just as good educational advantages 
as other children have. 

5. He is entitled to just as much liberty of action in organizing 1 
for selling his products and for regulating production to meet market 
demands a-r other classes exercise. 

6. He is entitled to just as efficient and adaptable service from 
the country's banking and financial institutions as other classes get. 

7. He is entitled to taxation, tariff:', and transportation policies which 
will deal just as fairly with agriculture as with any other business and 

9. He is entitle to a civilization, culture, educational system, litera- 
ture, art, drama, etc., which] will recognize, reflect and utilize the 
cultural influences of country life and i^s environment in the same 
degree in which present day culture recognizes and reflects the influ- 
ences of urban life. 


The Uplift goes to quite a number of friends and acquaintances, with 
this issue, thoughout the S h .ate. It is a polite invitation to all, who receive 
it, to become a subscriber during the coming year. This support will mean 
<mcouragment to the printer boys, tc the institution which it represents, 
and master Faucette, who reports the institutional items, insists that The 
Uplift going to anyone address every week for a whole year is a bargain 
at two dollars and, therefore, a fine in/estment. In this, he has the en- 
dorsement of the other printer boys and , oh, well, just send in your 

subscription to The Uplift, Concord, N. C. f and try out this statement. 

"Where North Carolina sits" is surely at the head of the table. Little 
by little the findings of the census ofjl920 are coming out, and in every de- 
partment of human endeavor the good old state has passed by others and 
gone higher. In her resources she has long been a marvel. Add another to 
the long list of her natural resources. Elsewhere in The Uplift is a story 


of the establishment of the fact that there is in the slate tin ore of sur- 
passing quality and in seemingly inexhaustible quantities. The Carolina 
Tin Company, organized and financed by practical and successful business- 
men, has done North Carolina a great service. 

* * » » 

The Uplift is never happier than when it can present to its readers the 
faces and stories of North Carolina fulks, who are playing important parts 
in the affairs of the state. We asked Miss Coltrane to give us an Appre- 
ciation of Mrs. W. N. Reynolds, Winston-Salem, one of North Carolina's 
most superior women, who never loses an opportunity to render wise ser- 
vice in solving the many problems that cancern the betterment of the 
commonwealth. Miss Coltrane has done The UPLIFT and its readers a very 
happy service. 

Mr. Rowland F. Beasley, formerly State Welfare Commissioner, and Mr. 
R. E. Powell, formerly Raleigh correspondent of the Charlotte Observer 
and other papers, will at an early day begin the publication of a daily morn- 
ing newspaper in Coldsboro. Capable and brilliant men, both of them, un- 
derstand the game and will doubtless give Goldsboro and Eastern North 
Carolina just what it wants and needs. 

The Hon. T. D. Warren, of New Bern, having resigned the important 
position of Chairman of the State Democratic Executive Committee, the 
said Committee met in Raleigh, on the evening of the 28th, and elected to 
succeed him Mr. J. David Norwood, of Salisbury. Mr. Norwood is a bank- 
er, manufacturer, farmer and a very high-class citizen in every respect. 

To the city of Concord, congratulations. You have a Board of Aldermen 
that openly recognizes a competent and just Recorder; and the city has a 
chief of police, seeing his duty, performs it. These are two elementary 
forces that spell for law and order. 

It would be interesting to know how many real, good folks firmly believe 
that the first twelve days in January are prophetic of the seasons in the 
twelve months. Sunday was an icey day, and if there be virtue in the fore- 

joing belief, look out for a cold August. 

Just imagine what the result would have been had the Department, keep- 
ing its nerve, pressing and securing the" enactment of the bill calling for 
only A. M. degree men for the position of County Superintendents! 



A Horse and an Ass were traveling together, the Horse pranc- 
ing along in its fine trappings, the Ass carrying with difficulty the 
heavy weight in its panniers. "I wish I were you,'' sighed the Ass; 
"nothing to do and well fed, and all that fine harness upon you." 
Next day, however, there was a great battle, and the Horse 
wounded to death in the final charge of the day. His friend, the 
Ass, happened to pass by shortly afterwards and found him on 
the point of death. "I was wrong, said the Ass: 


.A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A i 
V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V* V V V *■ 







Charlotte, N. C. 



Contend -what you may, there is a definite time and place when every man 
snakes a decision that shapes his life in the business and social life of tho 
■world. There is a certain Gum Tree, about one mile out from the little town 
of Conover, Catawba county, where a vital decision was made by Thomas 
McKindree Shelton, the guiding genius of the important firm of Ed Mellon 
Company, of Charlotte, X. C. 

Tom Shelton has that gum tree just 
as vividly fixed in his mind as a wit- 
ness of a decision as any little punish- 
ment that came his way when he de- 
served it while yet under the parental 
roof. There are men, who remember 
the very identical spot where they 
used their first "bad word," and these 
are the ones that sooner or later re- 
member the very time and spot where 
they decided that "bad words" ac- 
complished nothing and get you no- 
where. It is, though, a far cry from 
a twenty year-old young man under a 
Catawba county gum tree to the proud 
position of directing a business that 
reaches annually three-quarters of a 
million dollars. But that trip was 
made in thirty-three years. 

Here's how it all came about. 
Young Shelton grew tired of the drud- 
gery on the farm, as they used to farm 
in Catawba county, before they learn- 
ed how to make big money on sweet 
potatoes and stocked their farms with 
pedigreed stock and learned rotation 
of crops. Lost his father when young 
Shelton was but sixteen years old, 
and more and heavier duties fell upon 
his young shoulders. He attended 
the free schools. When he reached 
twenty, he figured by comparison that 
he could go to College and prepare 
himself for a larger sphere of ser- 
vice, so he went to Conover College 
in August 1889. In his quiet and de- 
liberate manner he begun to figure a 

little, and being a country boy he al- 
ways, when he wanted to do some real 
fancy thinking, broke for the opening 
and this is how the Gum Tree and he 
became such fast and everlasting 
friends. Finally one day, while 
sprawling under that Gum Tree, he 
made a calculation in this wise: "if I 
get to be a doctor, a lawyer or a 
preacher, it means four or five years 
or more spent in an educational en- 
deavor, and I just can't provide the 
means for it. I'll go to Charlotte 
and try for a job." 

So on October 17th, 1S89, just two 
days before he reached his twentieth 
birthday, he paid proper respects to the 
authorities of Conover College and 
struck out for Charlotte. A country 
boy in those days had more trouble in 
securing a city job than is the case 
to-day. Merchants always have their 
eyes open for a choice country-boy 
these days and times, boys that have 
not yet learned the art of eternally 
watching the clock, looking for pay- 
day, frequenting moving picture shows 
and constant patrons of the soft-drink 
stands, and boys who know how to 
use their hands. After considerable 
effort young Shelton secured a posi- 
tion with the late firm of C. A. Dixon 
& Co., on East Trade street, on tenns 
entirely agreeable to him. From Oc- 
tober 19, 1889 to January 1, 1S90, 
young Shelton worked simply for his 
board. Fine! That was an oppor- 


tunity to demonstrate his capacity, bis 
energy, his good common sense, his 
character and his line fibre of which 
he is made. The new firm of Leslie 
& Rogers took over the business of C. 
A. Dixon & Co., and with this new 
firm young Shelton remained for live 
years, grew into the business and -with 
the business, made friends of every 
one who met him — and bis star began 
to rise. 

September 1, 1S9(J, Mr. Shelton and 
the late Ed Mellon organized the 
clothing firm of Ed Mellon Company, 
which has grown into one of the lar- 
gest gentlemen and ladies' furnishing 
houses in the whole state. They 
started with a capitalization quite 
small, but the success of the business 
has been so phenominal that the cap- 
ital today is ^50,000.00, with a surplus 
of over .{;200,000.00. 

Xov. 14th, 1895, Mr. Shelton mar- 
ried Miss Julia Craig, of Gastonia, and 
they have been blessed with six child- 
ren, four girls and two boys. A de- 
lightful family, which enjoys a wide 
and deserved popularity throughout 

Mr. Shelton, individually' and per- 
sonally, is a most pleasing character. 
He has cordial greetings for all; con- 
siderate of every one's feelings; faith- 
ful to every trust; careful and pains- 
taking with every detail of business; 
and leads a clean and dignified life 
among his fellow men. Enjoying 
the confidence of the public, not only 

for his moral worth in the community 
but also on account of his safe and 
judicious business qualification, Ml". 
Shelton is president of the Morris 
Plan Bank, and director in the Ameri- 
can Trust Co., Chamber of Commerce, 
and the Merchants' Association; and 
no man believes more in the safety and 
the benefits of the B. & L. associations, 
as town and home builders. 

Like the needle true to its course, 
this man, Shelton, attributes much of 
his successful life to the precept and 
example of a Christian mother, who 
held up always the necessity of thrift, 
economy and the practice of common 
sense. Tom Shelton, with an exper- 
ience of thirty-odd years in a city 
and there respected and honored by 
his fellow man, could go back to 
Mountain Creek Township, Catawba 
county, where on October 19th, 1869, 
he first saw the light, and be just as 
natural, cordial and delightful in his 
splendid manners and demeanor as he 
exercises in Charlotte, whether in his 
store or in the Eirst Presbyterian 
church — he doesn't know how to put 
on airs. 

Tom Shelton could have deserted 
his decision arrived at under the Cum 
Tree, near Conover College, and be- 
come a professional man, but it is in- 
finitely better to be a first-class and 
useful business man than a quickly 
prepared, ordinary doctor, lawyer or 

We die hut once and we die without distinction if we are not willing 
to die the death of sacrifice. Do you covet honor? You will never get it 
by serving yourself. Do you covet distinction? You will get it only 
as a servant of mankind. — "Woodrow Wilson. 




Added to the many natural resources abounding: in North Carolina, it is now 
entirely safe to add another and a very important one. When we stop to think 
how largely tin enters into the affairs of life, in finishing cutlery, making vessels 



x i 


Lincolnton, N. C. 
President, The Carolina Tin Company, and a large cotton mill owner and in- 
dustrial developer. 

and cups and containers — in fact, one-half of a first-class grocery store is one 
kiud of tin receptacle after another. Without tin, the canning business would 
have to suspend; and the packing of most things that enter into the furnishing 
of pantries must depend upon tin; and titute. 
builders would have to resort to a sub- A very common thing, tin; but up to 



this date it lias been found in paying 
quantities at but few places. Pure 
tin is an elementary metal, as much so 
as lead, iron, silver, or gold. The prin- 
cipal tin-producing country is Eng- 
land. The Phoenicians traded with 
England for tin 1,100 years before the 
Christian era. There is reason to be- 
lieve that they also got tin from 
Spain; but England was depended up- 
on for nearly all the tin used in Eu- 
rope until this ore was discovered in 
Germany in 1240. It was discovered 
in Northern Africa in Barbary States 
in Kill), in India in 1740, in New 
Spain in 17S2. Tin was mined in 
Mexico before the Spanish conquest, 
and used in T shaped pieces for nion- 
ey, and in a bronze composition for 
sharp tools, the principal mines being 
at Tasco. Peru has valuable mines of 
this metal, so have Australia and 
Malacca in the Malay peninsula. Tin 
lias been discovered previously to this 
time in several of the American 
states, but not in quantities to tempt 
capital to engage in mining it except 
in Dakota; and now North Carolina 
has a proposition in a well-developed 
tin deposit that is creating consider- 
able interest among capitalists. 

For several years mining engineers 
having heard of deposits of tin in a 
section of Lincoln county, have pros- 
pected but capital was wanting to 
make a thorough and complete in- 
vestigation as to the extent of the 
vein and its quality. About twelve 
months ago, quietly but determinedly, 
a party of gentlemen of affairs, nerve 
and hope, joined in the business of 
testing out the claims of a tin deposit 
in paying quantities and qualities in a 
section of Lincoln county near the C. 
& X. W. railroad. Options were se- 

cured for the property, and practical 
work in opening and tracing the vein, 
was begun. Recently, since a thorough 
survey has been elf eel ed, a company, 
with a capital of $300,000.00, has been 
organized to bring about an active 
operation of the mines and throw the 
product on t he market. 

General Hoke's Discovery. 

Some years ago the late General 
Robt. E. Hoke, in taking over what 
is known as the Lincoln Lithia Springs 
property, and making excavations for 
the hotel and the water tank struck 
a peculiar formation which he after- 
wards learned was tin ore. The vein 
is positively marked; and the good 
old general much of a miner himself, 
was certain tin existed in that section 
in large quantities and awaited devel- 
opment. From this very point (proper- 
ty now owned by Mr D. E. Rhyne, a 
most successful and far-visioned capi- 
talist of Lincoln county) decided and 
positive evidences of the presence of 
tin have been traced the entire way to 
the chief veins of tin which recent 
operations have uncovered. General 
Hoke used to say that he had no 
doubt that sooner or later tin would 
be discovered near the Lincoln Lithia 
Springs in such quantities as would 
attract capitalists, who would in turn 
operate the property on a large scale. 

What General Hoke firmly believed, 
and with fine reason, has come about. 
The Carolina Tin Company, recently 
chartered with a capital of three 
hundred thousand dollars, with offices 
at Cherryville, is officered as follows: 

D. E. Rhyne, Lincolnton, President, 

M. L. Mauncy, Cherryville, Vice- 

David Rudisill, Cherryville, Secre- 



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John J. George, Ckerryvillc, Treas- 

■who, •with Jacob Johnston, D. R. 
Maimey, and J. H. Rudisill, compose 
the Board of Directors. Mr. Johnston, 
■who makes his home at the mines, 
near Southside on the C. & X. W. 
railroad, hard by the South Fork Ca- 
tawba river, is a practical mining' en- 
gineer with a long and successful ex- 
perience in delving into the earth, 
following a lead for various- precious 
metals. A recent visit to the property 
by the writer disclosed what has been 
done in a practical and substantial 
manner to reveal the true character of 
the tin deposits. 

Noshing Taken For Granted. 

The practical business men, of large 
affairs, composing the company, wan- 
ted to know, the real facts, the char- 
acter of tlie ore, the size of the veins, 
the ultimate quantity, and the feasi- 
bility of win-king the property as a 
commercial proposition. These they 
have ascertained; and no sooner than 
these facts were established,. the com- 
pany began to close its options and to 
secure fee-simple deeds for the prop- 
erty which is in the neighborhood of 
live hundred acres. 

The Method Invoked. 

To open up the veins was by means 
of a hydraulic plant, located on the 
South Fork Catawba, which included 
three pumps of 1000 gallon capacity, 
each per minute, with a discharge of 
six inches each, making a volume of 
■water equal to 18 inches being played 
on the crude s >il, with the result of 
leaving the veins of tin exposed. At 
convenient distances, necessary in 

forming a proper estimate of the size 
and character of the ore, these veins 
were subjected to cross cuts. There 
are nine separate veins, averaging 
in width from 50 to ISO feet. A num- 
ber of shafts from 25 to 160 feet 
have been driven, and at each there is 
a cross tunnel. In addition to this 
extensive investigation, leaving noth- 
ing undone to ascertain the true facts, 
at several points on the veins they have 
reached with a Keystone drill, one and 
half inch in diameter, as deep as 900 
feet, and the character of the tin ore 
proved even more satisfactory than 
that nearer the surface. "With the 
hydraulic system in use the company 
has been able to remove 2000 tons of 
crude stuff per day. 

An Inexhaustible Supply. 

Is evident, for having made certain 
of a depth of 000 feet, and the veins 
traced for more than three miles 
and a half there is no room for doubt- 
ing the quantity. When asked what 
the output of tin ore from a ton is, Mr. 
Johnston said: "it will average twen- 
ty pounds of tin to a ton of crude 
dirt." Entirely ignorant of what is 
considered as rich or poor tin ore, 
and showing some surprise that only 
20 pounds may be secured from a ton 
of crude dirt, Mr. Johnston remarked: 
"At the Cornwall mines in England, 
which now furnishes more tin than all 
other tin-producing countries, the av- 
erage is just one-half pound to the ton, 
and the operation is regarded profit- 
able. ' ' 

Various tests have been made and 
there is absolutely no_ room Tor. doubt- 
ing the richness of the ores of the 
Carolina Tin Company. These tests 
show that the concentrates carry 71 





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; 3 ; 


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per cent ol! metallic tin. 

On this property there is an inex- 
haustible quantity of kaolin, which 
is chiefly used in making crockery. 
Mining kaolin in the extreme western 
part of North Carolina is carried on 
in a large way, and is a very impor- 
tant industrial and commercial activ- 


There is Pride. 

In the fact that these gentlemen, 
none of whom have any special train- 
ing in tin mining, though Mr. Johnston 
has a long experience in gold mining, 
were willing to spend their money to 
ascertain the truth of so many be- 
liefs and conjectures that the hills 
of Southern Lincoln were full of prec- 
ious metals and that tin surely existed 
in paying quantities. They have ren- 
dered a service to the state; and by 
faith and enterprise, they have dem- 
onstrated that there is one more im- 
portant source of natural wealth in 
the good old state, already standing 
at the head of the list in natural 

This writer understands "that Dr. 
Pratt, the Chapel Hill geologist, has 
investigated this company's property 
and was surprised to find the line 
quality of the ore and the apparent 
inexhaustible supply. Wouldn't it be 
a fine thing for North Carolina if some 
practical tin mins operator, with 
long experience in the handling of all 
the details incident to tin-mining:, 

could, get hold of this property and 
work it to its fullest capacity, thus 
placing North Carolina among the 
leaders of tin production ? For years 
Lincoln county furnished the State 
with all its iron; and were there ne- 
cessity for it Lincoln county today 
could furnish iron ore in quantities 
sufficient to supply the state's needs. 

The phenominally successful and in- 
tensely wise man who is at the head 
of The Carolina Tin Company, Mr. 
Rhyne, does not do things for fun or 
for gamble. If he and his associates 
made up their minds to install suffi- 
cient machinery and equipment to 
work the undoubtedly rich mine on a 
commercial scale and throw its pro- 
duct on the market, there seems no 
doubt of the result. They move, how- 
ever, along another line — their busi- 
ness is primarily cotton mill business, 
in which they have extensive hold- 
ings. But whether they operate the 
mines themselves or turn the operation 
over to others, these gentlemen have 
rendered North Carolina a great ser- 
vice in reducing to a CERTAINTY 
what for years old General Hoke be- 
lieved with his wholeheart that Lin- 
coln county at this particular section 
was full of tin. 

In this issue of THE UPLIFT, on 
other pages, there are pictures show- 
ing the beginning of the practical in- 
vestigation and tests in searching for 
the truth, inaugurated by the Carolina 
Tin Company. 

There is one consolation tie poor man has as his steps begin to falter; 
he can take just as much with him to the grave as the other fellow. All 
are born with nothing and all leave with nothing. The path of glory 
leads also to t..e grave.— Hickory Record. 





Number (VI)— Birds. 

If tlicre is anything in nature, to a boy or girl, in tlic cities or in the country, 
that has more charm than a nesting bird, I cannot recall it now. There is 
something that thrills at finding a bird's nest; the more especially if that nest 
happens to be low enough to be reached. It was so with me, it is so with my 
grandchild. The birds I knew and watched from a child to young manhood 
cn my fathers farm as I can name them off hand,, 'were as follows: Sparrows, 

two kinds, song and swamp; robin, reddish yellow and the male th-3 deep- 
blue bird, red bird a summer migrator est red, so unlike the male oi>3 would 

and the tufted cardinal; mocking bird, 
tomtit, tee-tat, swamp-robin, wren, 
house and woods; cat bird, brown 
thrush, dove, quail or partridge, 'wood- 
cock, snipe, a summer blue bird, yel- 
low throated warbler, snow-bird, lark, 
black-bird two varities; jay, lettuce 
bird, bee-martin, martin, swallow, 
-chimney sweep, kildee or kildeer, king- 
fisher, bull-bat, whippoor-will, heron, 
crow and six species of woodpeckers. 

Birds of pray: Hawks, four vari- 
ties; owls three species. To this 
should be added the buzzard and the 
carrion crow. We never saw i( in 
action, but the crow is also a bird 
of prey under certain conditions. 

The little song sparrow was al- 
ways with us, while the swamp spar- 
row went to a colder clime in summer, 
as did the snow bird, and we never 
saw them nest. However the snow 
bird nests in the Blueridge moun- 
tains of this state. The robin was 
very plentiful and made more noise 
about its nest and young than all oth- 
ers, and the young robins' weakness 
was leaving the nest bei'oie it could 
fly. Their nests were lined with mud, 
as smooth as if stamped w ; ,l> a halt' 
bail of iron. The summer red-bird 
was double colored, the female b-.vng 

take them for different species. The 
cardinal is at home all the year and 
very quiet at nesting time. The cat 
bird and brown thrush both left- us as 
cold came as did the yellow throated 
warbler, the lettuce bird, bee-martin, 
the martin, the swallow and the chim- 
ney-sweep. The cat-bird, thrush, 
mocking bird build nests almost iden- 
tical, a nest nnlined, as are many 
others. Wood-cock, snipe and 
quail all lay on the ground. The- 
swamp robin makes a nest, as a rul<5, 
so low that it can be reached. Tile 
jay is a high builder, is fussy, and one 
of the few that is accused of robbing 
other birds to feed its own' young. 
The bee-martin we found the hardest 
fighter, fur its nest, of all the birds, 
being almost fearless. The swallow 
builds in holes in banks of streams, 
the chimney sweeps in the chimney, 
glueing its nest to a smutty chimney 
wall, and sometimes they fall down in 
the cool fireplace. The lark and black- 
birds are ground builders, preferring 
meadow or boggy land. The kingfish- 
er lives on fish and it and the heron 
we never saw nesting. The first of all 
birds to nest is the common blue bird, 
which likes a hollow tree best of all, 
and a deep hollow. They are called 



"harbingers of Spring," coming and 
singing at the first warm days of 
February, and if a warm spell of any 
length come they would nest in Feb- 
ruary. Once I saw their eggs freeze, 
and they had to try it again. They 
were all killed in this section in 1891), 
by freezing and was several years be- 
fore they were able to migrate and 
raise more. They cannot stand hard 
cold, and zero weather fixed them. I 
have found a dozen in a hollow log 
in a barn on stinging cold nights, as 
they crowded in there to keep wine. 
JMany of the above built nests chat 
man would have been unable to build 
Perhaps the yellow throated warbler 
makes as ingenious a nest as any, as 
it swings down in forks of two limbs, 
and is- laced to the limbs with bark 
interwoven as though sewed bv the 
hand of man, and no kind of a storm 
can upset it or toss its young out. No 
bird makes a neater or cleaner nest 
than the song sparrow, it being lined 
with the long tail hairs of the horse 
and cow, and always set low in weeds 
and briars, as does the summer blue- 
bird of a very deep blue color, and 
very shy. The mocker, cat, thrush, 
swamp robin, cardinal were fine sing- 
ers. The robin and blue bird sang 

The wood-pecker family I divided 
into six sections, and the tomtit ought 
to come here, but it is different in 
shape but builds in a small hole it 
makes itself. There is a wood-pecker 
little larger than the tomtit, one a size, 
larger then a good sized one, all three 
being most identical in color. The'. - , 
comes the redhead with white and 
black that lives in town and country 
and can carry off as many May cher- 
ries as a good sized boy, the yellow- 

hammer or flicker and the log-eock; as 
large as a small duck and very shy> 
prefering the deep woods. All of 
these dig holes in soft rotten wood 
and nest there away from the reach 
of most of its enemies. All live off 
tree or bark insects. 

The birds of prey are harder to 
find nesting than the other birds, and 
are enemies to all other birds and tbi 
small animals. The smallest of the 
hawk, tribe is the reddish blue and 
brown sparrow hawk that generally 
takes the hole of a larger wood-pecker 
for its home and raises its young 
there. They eat more insects and 
lizzards and mice than anything else, 
and while about the weight of a fat 
robin they can swallow a lizzard 
whole. I had a pair of tame ones 
once, and fed them on everything that 
moved that I or they could catch. 
They learned to follow and beg for 
food, and when you turned over a 
plank or rock they would catch every 
bug and carefully eat it. It kept 
us busy feeding them. Finally we left 
them for a day with no food and not 
being able to fly, we found them eat- 
ing a small chicken when we came 
home. The next two sizes of hawks 
are great chicken eaters, and the large 
gauze hawk feeds more on rabbits 
and rats, things it finds Hying slowly 
just above the ground, but it is not 
above taking a hen if convenient. The 
owl family was the screech owl that 
raises boys hair at night by their 
wails, the night hawk a size larger 
and the great hooting owl that werc- 
bad about robbing hen roosts. TheL* 
cry of Hoo-hoo-hoo-hoo! always mado 
a boy feel like seeking shelter at 
night. We saw many of them killed 
in the hen house trying to get a he'll 



in dead hours of the night. All the 
owl family neat in hollow trees in the 
woods and feed the young on such as 
they can pick up. Uniting owls 
catch as large animals as rabbits and 
the smaller ones get mice and insects. 
None of them can see well in day thro, 
as the pupils of their eyes are too 
large for daylight, hence they can see 
by night, which accounts, too, for the 
size of the eye. All this owl and hawk 
family pass only iluid through then 1 . 
The feathers, bones and such as will 
not dissolve are thrown back by the 
mouth in balls. This we found by 
having tame sparrow hawks. 

Once we boys had contracted the 
itch at school and the home remedies 
they washed us with at night were 
rougher than the itch; so to dodge this 

bath one autumn night, we decided to 
sleep in the pines on a pine straw-bed 
rather than take the bath. We fitted 
the bed up and went to it soon after 
slipper, but had been there less than 
half an hour before one of those large 
hooting owls lighted right near us and 
set up its call to its mate: hoo-hoo- 
hoo-ar-00 ? We did not stay to tell 
him, deciding very quickly that any 
kind of a. bath was preferable to that 

It was intended to make this story 
of both birds and animals, but we 
Hnd that birds alone have made it long 
enough; so animals will have to have 
a chapter to themselves. 

The next number will be about 
Snakes and Lizzards. 

There s Place In Life Fcr 1 lie Anerdote. 

ANGEL GABRIEL: At those rather infrequent intervals when we feel that 
to shuffle off this mortal coil would be more or less of a relief, we are re- 
minded of the old negro man who continually expressed himself as being 
weary of life. The burden of his conversation was that he was tired of this 
vale of tears, as he was "poly" at best and wushed dat de good Lord would 

sen' de Angel Gabriel to carry Amos 
home to his Ole Marster." 

So familiar did this dolorous refrain 
become to those who knew the old 
fellow, that two of his white acquaint- 
ances decided to try out his sincerity. 
Wrapped in a sheet and with an old 
cavalry sabre clanking as he walked, 
one of them advanced through the 
night and knocked at the door of the 
old man's shack, while, the othe/r 
watched developments from the 

"Who dat?" came in slartled re- 
sponse to the knock. 

Silence, and then another impres- 
sive knocking with the sabre hilt. 

"Who dat?" again in a voice be- 
traying increasing perturbation. 

"I am the Angel Gabriel sent to 
carry Amos home to his Old Marster, " 
in sepulchral tones. 

"Law, Marse Gabriel" cried a 
trembling voice, "Ole man Amos done 
move 'way from dis heah house two 
year ago." — Xell Rattle Lewis. 

It is only the great-hearted who can be true friends; the mean and 
cowardly can never know what true friendship means. — Kingsley. 



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* " &^ 









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.- _ _ .. ■ . - ■■-■-■-! 


Winston-Salem, N. C. 


rs. William N. Reynolds. 

By MIfs Jenn Winslow Coltrane. 

Patriotic and justly proud North Carolinians have many things in which 
we excel, many things about which our undaunted pride will not permit us 
to remain silent. And although a state is justifiable in praise of her in- 
dustrial attainments, her agricultural wealth, her natural beauty and envi- 
ronments it takes real men and real women to make a state great. And 
truly North Carolina can boast of her products in this respect. 

It is only a pity that we as indivi- who suffer are not alone in being 
duals do not have the privilege of see- remembered by her, for she revels 

in reminding others of her joy in 
their joys. When disagreeable things 
are repeated to her or slanderous 
gossip, she usually says, "We must 
be sure not to repeat that." Gen- 
erous at all times, but she does not 
like to have her generosity herald- 
ed, an understanding heart which is 
rilled with appreciation; fun loving, 
vivacious and most pleasing in her 
impersonation of old-time darkey 

Mrs. Reynolds is a true lover of 
home. Those, who know her, know 
that her first thoughts always are of 
him, who has shared her most inti- 
mate life--an example to all women 
of.the inspiration cf life a woman has 
from the love of the one man, who 
to her is greatest. She is often heard 
to exclaim '"But to spend one's life 
with Mr. Reynolds is such a rare 
privilege, his disposition, his ways 
of thinking---why, he himself makes 
life a real joy." One often- wishes, 
after being with her that all women 
felt the same way about their hus- 

Although Mrs. Reynolds has no- 
children she has reared seven, and 
many boys and girls in the state 
are obligated to their "unknown 
friends" for their education. When 
North Carolina undertook to train 

ing into the rare natures of all who 
are our own. Tn our journey through 
life ve can only know a few, even 
though we count them as many, 
and we count it a rare privilege to 
try to give you an interpretation of 
one, whom all North Carolinians are 
proud to claim. No one can kno .v Mrs. 
William N. Reynolds, of Winston- 
Salem, without knowing she is from 
North Carolina, for it is one of the 
first things she tells a stranger. I 
say stranger, and yet those who meet 
her almost at once become her friend 
because of the whole-hearted, gen- 
uine welcome all receive who are 
fortunate to gain her acquaintance. 
One of her most frequent sayings is, 
"What would this world be without 
our friends; we can never have too 
many, and never a one to spare." 

Mrs. Kate G. (Bitting) Reynolds 
is typical of the real, true, genuine- 
type of American womanhood that 
is an inspiration to the world. Gen- 
tle in manner, tender of heart, fair 
in decisions always, a woman who is 
even so modest that the praise of 
her friends completely ovei comes 
her, often bringing tears to her 
eyes. Conscious of her obligations, 
fulfilling her engagements with the 
greatest punctuality, forgetful of 
self, thoughtful of others, and those 



her delinquent and misdirected boys 
for service to the state, one of the 
first chosen for the Governing Board 
was Mrs. Reynolds. And she has 
been most active in Orphange work. 
Her duties have been many, and her 
work by no means confined to the 
state. She now is Southern Chair- 
man of The National Civic Federa- 
tion, whose headquarters are in New 
York. She is a member of the Col- 
ony Club in New York, which is the 
most exclusive Club for women in 

the Daughters of the American 
Revolution in North Carolina and 
nationally have been most fortunate 
in having Mrs. Reynolds concentrate 
much of her efforts on their organ- 
ization. She began her D. A. R. 
activities in the General Joseph 
Winston chapter and from there her 
leadership soon placed hei as State 
Regent of North Carolina. Realizing 
the great worth and sterling qual- 
ties of this fine woman, the State 
was not willing for her work to end 
with the expiration of her term of 
office, and even against her protest 
the state D. A. R. placed her candi- 
dacy for Vice-President General of 
theNational Society Daughters of the 
American Revolution. Due to her 
real worth, and popularity although 
she was not tven present at her elec- 
tion, she was elected by a decided 

When her term of office as Vice- 
President General expired in April 
1921, it was with the deepest ex- 
pressed regrets that the Daughters 
of the American Revolution all over 
America saw her go out of office, 
and due to the pressure brought to 
bear by many of these women she 
has consented to aspire for the office 

of President General in 1923. Mrs. 
Reynolds, a home lover, is will- 
ing to enter a public career only to 
work for a greater security to our 
liberty and welfare. She would 
make a truly earnest and worthy 
leader of so great a body of women, 
because she is absolutely conscious 
of the obligations we owe ourselves 
and America. Today she is Chair- 
man of the International Relations 
Committee of the N. S. D. A. R. 
She is a charter member of the 
National Officers Club of the N. S. 
D. A. R. and is a member of the 
Executive Commitee of the Club. 
She stands as one of the great 
women of her day, one who has al- 
ways had the highest respect and 
deepest esteem of all who know hpr, 
a seeker for knowledge--- to ieam to 
be guided---one who has faith in God, 
that faith that knows God is our 
Father. She is a woman who is 
never content to give less than her 
best, whose blameless life is a contin- 
uous record cf patriotism and high 
resolve. She is one who can pass 
unperturbed out of the strenuous 
conflicts that grow out of the ambi- 
tions of others, for she strives for a 
perfect consistency with herself, and 
maintains unswerving and coura- 
geous fidelity to her convictions of 
the right. 

If the Daughter of the American 
Revolution honor her, as well as 
themselves, by electing her Presi- 
dent General they will come to know 
the untiring energy of this splendid 
woman and her efficiency, because 
of her love and devotion for Ameri- 
ca, the outgrowth of hei pure Anglo- 
Saxon origin and from which noth- 
ing but the strongest leadership 




(Stanly News-Herald) 

"Just where does the Yadkin eease to be the Yadkin and become the Pee 
Dee?" asks The Charlotte Observer. That paper then goes on to say that "the 
older people of Stanly hold to the tradition that the point where the Yadkin 
and Uwharrio come together marks the cleavage, but the geographers claim 
that the Yadkin loses its name at the point where Rocky River flows into it. " 

The News-Herald is quite sure that man told of the old town of Heiider- 
it has at hand ample authority to set- son, its size, location, etc., and in so 

tie this disputed question. Tn the 
first place the fact that the older peo- 
ple of this section hold to the tradition 
that the river becomes the Pee Dee 
after the waters of the Uwharrie emp- 
ty into it should be given serious con- 
sideration. Having in the past taken 
some interest in this question the 
News-Herald has asked the opinion 
'of some of the older residents, and 
they invariably have confirmed the 
tradition generally adhered to through- 
out this section. "We recall when a 
boy of having talked with a well- 
informed Stanly County citizen who 
was at that time about ninety-three 
years of age. This Stanly County 
man said at that time that he at- 
tended his first election when a boy 
when William Henry Harrison was 
elected President of the United States 
at the end of the noted "Log Cabin 
and Hard Cider Campaign." The 
voting place where he attended this 
election he said was at "Old Hender- 
son," then the county seat of Mont- 
gomery County. (Montgomery then 
comprised all of the territory now_ 
contained in both Stanly and Mont- 
gomery.) Old Henderson was located 
on the West bank of the Pee Dee at 
the junction of the Yadkin and Uw- 
harrie Rivers. In telling us of this, 
his first election, the old old gentle- 

doing announced this bit of history to 
the writer. Said he, the Yadkin, the 
Uwharrie and the Great Pee Dee Ri- 
vers were all named by the Indians 
who lived in that section. They 
called it the Yadkin down to the point 
where the waters of the Uwharrie 
flowed into it, and then it was called 
by them the Great Pee Dee. 

We have further and still more con- 
vincing proof than this. Shortly 
after the downfall of the Emperor 
Napoleon, a very intelligent French 
physician by the name of Kron came 
to America. Lie rambled up the Sal- 
isbury road from the FayetteviPe 
section until he reached Henderson, 
where was the home of a wealthy 
French landlord, Henri De Lamonthe 
by name, who lived at that town, 
which was then the county seat. Hert 
Dr. Kron met and fell in love with a 
neiee of this wealthy Frenchman and 
married her. t According to his diary, 
which is now in the possession of Tba 
News-Herald, Dr. Kron was professor 
of the chair of French at the L r ni- 
versity of North Carolina from 1S24 
until January, 1827, when he again 
moved to Montgomery County. He 
purchased a large tract of land on the 
Stanly side of the river about two 
miles from the point where the Uw- 
harrie empties into the Yadkin, and? 



remained there the of his life 
time. This brilliant Frenchman was 
a keen student of Indian lore, and his 
diary reads like one of the old master- 
pieces. We now come to the point 
of proving 1 , conclusively that, cor- 
rectly speaking, the Pee Dee commen- 
ces where the Uwharrie empties into 
the Yadkin. On November 25th, 
1835, Dr. Kron wrote in his diary 
among other things as follows: "At 
the landing (speaking of the Ferry- 
boat Landing at Lowder's Ferry) are 
the frames of those houses which 
twenty years back formed the bulk 
of Tindalscille, a town which then 
promised itself great things from a 
contemplated improvement of the nav- 
igation of the Pee Dee River, FOR 
it expected would give it an outlet to 
the sea. On the East Side the Uw- 

•harrie flows in almost at right angles 
at the mouth of the tributary stream. 
The landing on either side is bad, the 
ground being soft and sandy aud rath- 
er steep. For ten cents the ferry- 
man sets you over and tells you funny 
tales on his neighbor. On the East 
side of the Pee Dee is another aban- 
doned town, Henderson, equally for 
once the seat of Montgomery court 
house now the sole property of one 
MeArthur and my wife's uncle, Henri 
De Lamonthe. " 

This should settle this question 
once and for always. While it is true 
that geographers designate the river 
as the Yadkin until the Rocky flows 
into it, yet this is incorrect. The 
Yadkin becomes the Great Pee Dee 
after the waters of the Uwharrie 
flow into it. That is what the In- 
dians said about it, and they named 
all three of the rivers, and they 

We may escape from disagreeable companionship without, but we cannot 
escape from that which is within. No one can run away from himself. — 

Is This Your Home? 

How would ym like to carry 2,000 tons of water 140 feet from the 
pump to the house? i'hat is what a Lawrence county, Ohio, farm woman 
has done during the past 50 years. In making that trip from the house 
to the well and hack she has walked 5,710 miles. Twenty-five dollars spent 
for pipe and a tank in the house would have saved her all that labor. 

Very likely we have many women 
in Illinois who can beat this Ohio 
woman's long-distance water-carry- 
ing record. Figure it out for your- 
self, on your own farm. 

Would you— we're talking to fath- 
er now— svalk 5,710 miles with a pail 

water in each hand for $25? 
Would you carry 2,000 tons of water 
from the well to the house for $25? 

Mother has only one life to live. 
Lee's make it as easy for her as pos- 
sible. Let's make it possible for her 
to have a little time for reading and 


2 > 

recreation, for keeping herself 
young and up-to-date. Let's make it 
possible for her to give more time 
to the children. When the children 
are growir.g up they need th^ care 
and training (hat only a mother can 
give— and mother can't give it when 
she is worn out doing the job of a 
pump and a few feet of iron pipe. 

Next time you go to town, bring 
home some pipe and a tank, and a 
force pump if necessary. You can 
put in the ou'fit yourself, and be- 
tween you and the boys you can keep- 
the tank full. '1 hen mother won't 
have to carry any more water at 
half a cent a mile. --Prairie Farmer. 

Once there was a farmer who believed the place for advertisements was 
in newspapers. His pet aversion was signs nailed on and marring the 
beauty of his trees along the roadside, or painting on his barns and out- 
buildings. One day, however, a patent medicine man came along and 
painted on his garden fence of broad upright palings, a two-food; high 
letter to each plank, BOSTON PILLS. The farmer came home, and of 
course was mad. But a happy thought struck him. He got his hammer 
and knocked oil the planks with the letters on them and re-arranged them 
so they read, FOST NO BILLS!— Monroe Enquirer. 


Nell Battle Lewis, in News & Observer. 

We heard of a new superstition on New Year's Day. On the table was a 
dish of corn-field peas, which hadn't been expected. The cook explained their 
appearance by saying that it was good luck to have them for dinner on New 
Year's. We partook of them heartily as an antidote for the rather dismal hor- 
oscopes for the year 1922 which appeared in the feature pages of various 
Sunday papers. 

How a superstition as absurd as 
that originated it would be interesting 
to trace. A book on the origins of 
superstitions ought to make enter- 
taining reading. One we have heard 
tentatively explained is that of knock- 
ing three times on wood after boost- 
ing. In earlier times when imagina- 
tion peopled the air with evil spirits 
which were ever ready to do hurt, it 
was supposed that any sign connected 
with Christianity would dispel them 
and annul their powers. Hence, the 
the superstitious touched wood in 
symbol of the Cross, and knocked 

three times to invoke the three persons 
of the Trinity. 

The late Hon. Kemp P. Battle of 
Chapel Hill had an ingenious ex- 
planation oft the superstition of good 
luck connected with seeing the new 
moon clear. He held that it origina- 
ted among the farmers, and that the 
industrious, hard-working farmer 
svould be coming home from the fields 
about the time that the new moon 
appeared, and would see it from the 
open, clear of obstructing houses or 
trees, and the industry which put 
him in such a position of advantage 



■would bring him good luck. Where- 
as, the lazy husbandman who sat in- 
dolently on his front porch with his 
feet on the rail, would be move than 
apt to catch a glimpse of the new 
moon through the trees that surround- 
ed his house. And it would be his lazi- 
ness that would bring the bad luck. 

It is rather interesting to discover 
that the famous painter, Leonardo da 
Vinci, seemed to believe in ill luck con- 
nected with an overturned salt cellar. 
Either that, or the superstition start- 
ed from his picture of the Last Sup- 
per. If you will notice in that well- 
known painting, Judas Iscariot has 
overturned the salt cellar with his el- 
bow. There were also thirteen people 
seated around that table. The idea 
of Friday as an unlucky day perhaps 
may have originated with the Cruci- 

An explanation of the bad luck 
brought by a rabbit crossing one's 
path is said to lie in the fact that 
in earlier wilder days a rabbit 
startled appearance from the bushes 

might indicate the approach of ma- 
rauders, ready to fall upon the hap- 
less wayfarer. 

But think of the hundreds of 
superstitions that haven't even such 
a far-fetched explanation as that. 
Why should it be thought unlucky 
to give a friend a knife, or for middle- 
aged people to move into a new house, 
or for a door to be cut? Why should 
good fortune be supposed to attach 
to the bride who wears "something 
old, something new, something bor- 
rowed, something blue, and a piece 
of silver in the heel of her shoe." 
What lively imagination decreed that 
the new year would be fortunate if 
on its eve a man walked through 
the house; and disastrous, if a wo- 
man? What is the origin of the 
charm that a rabbit's foot will work? 
Who made the black eat that "takes 
up" at a house a harbinger of hope? 
What gave-sthe horse-shoe and the 
"wish bone" and the four leaved 
clover such significance. And so on, 
ad inlinitum. 

The truest test of civilization is not the census, not the size of its cities, 
nor the crops, but in the kind of men the country turns out. — Emerson. 

The Mysterious Boomerang. 

"These savages perform feats which science declares impossible." 
That is the report which one scientst made after visiting a Maori camp in 
Australia, and watching the warriors cast their boomerangs. A boom- 
erang is to all appearance simply a thin, flat piece of hardwood, with a 
bend in the middle. This bend varies all the way from a right angle to a 
slight crescent curve. Captain Rob- can perform with this weapon are 

ert Quinton says that this bend is 
always a natural crook of the wood. 
The average length of a boomerang 
is from two to three feet. 

The feats which a black fellow 

astonishing says Captain Quinton. 
One man's very common perform- 
ance consisted in hurling the boom- 
erang in such a way that the under 
side touched the ground lightly a- 



bout forty paces away, rebounded, 
and continued its flight at an angle 
of forty-five degrees until it reached 
a great height, when it suddenly 
curved again and came back in a 
streigh line to the thrower. I have 
seen the same man hurl the same 
boomerang in such a way that it rico- 
cheted along the ground the way a 
flat stone will do on the surface of 
the water. It struck the ground 
and rebounded three times. The third 
time it rose almost streight up in the 
air and hailed back to within a few 
yards of the man who had thrown, 
it, when suddenly it again changed 
its course, rose in a curve over his 
head, and a landed a few feet in 
front of him. 

I have seen a native throw his 
boomerang in such a way that it 
rose streight up into the air to a 
great hight, then it suddenly curve- 

ed inward, sailing straight over his 
head; dropped downward, flew out- 
ward, and began to rise again, twice 
as high as before, made another loop 
rose still higher in the air, and at 
lastdecended in a straight line to the 
thrower's feet. These astonishing; 
stunts are almost endless, and in 
spite of all scientific theories and 
measurements the Australian boom- 
erang remains a fascinating and 
mysterious problem. 

Nevertheless, the Meoris are 
changing with the times, like the 
American Indians. The time is soon 
coming when the boomerang will 
become a curiosity and a tradition, 
like the lndianbow and arrows. Ev- 
en more so, for no one will know 
how to make or cast a boomerang. 
-•■J. Mervin Hull in "Young Peo- 

"Howl if you must, but don't whine. 


By Richard Spillane. 

Philadelphia, Jan. 7. — Just before dinner Mr. Ford said to his wife: "Re- 
member 17 years ago? Seventeen years ago when you and I tramped the- 
streets of Detroit to get a chicken for our Thanksgiving dinner and none of 
.the stores would trust us?" 

Ford was quiet for a moment and 
then said in a semi-undertone: "Sev- 
enteen years ago . . . and I paid 
Uncle Sam $76,000,000 in taxes last 

From Babson's report of his in- 
terview with Henry Ford. 

It used to be common for people to 
refer to John D. Rockfeller as a bil- 
lionaire, but not now. Tie may have 
had that much mono}' at one time but 

it is questionable. At any rate, he has 
disposed of so much of his fortune 
through various channels that it is 
considerably reduced. Nine or ten years 
ago there was a dispute, with the 
authorities of Cleveland as to his tax 
hill. At that time one of the foremost 
statisticians of America was employ- 
ed to investigate and report as to 
Mr. Rockefeller's wealth. His estimate 
was .*600,0u0,000. Since that time Mr. 



Rockefeller has given away a very 
large amount of money. 

In the first year of the war taxa- 
tion it was reported semi-olneially 
that the largest individual tax paid 
that year was somewhat less than 
$36,000,000. The supposition at the 
time was that it referred to Mr. Rock- 
efeller. Possibly it was Henry Ford. 
Is Mr. Ford the richest man in 
America ? Is it possible that a man 
"who couldn't get credit for a chicken 
for his Thanksgiving dinner 17 years 
ago is today America's one billion- 

A tax expert has figured what that 
$76,000,000,000 in taxes paid for 1020 
represents and his finding is that Mr. 
Ford's income for the year in question 
was $103,050,240.10. That would mean 
about $282,329 a day, Sunday and 
holidays included. 

But is Mr. Ford a billionaire? Opin- 
ions differ as to what constitutes a 
billionaire or a millionaire. A man 
with an income of $103,050,240.10 a 
year might be considered a billionaire 
by some persons but after paying 
$76,000,000 out of his income to the 
government he would have only $27,- 
000,000 left and that it is not con- 
sistent with a billionaire income. 

Under the present rate of taxation 
it doesn't seem possible for a man to 
be a billionaire. 

Ford struck the right note in his 
Thanksgiving day reverie. There was 
no suggestion that he grudged the 

paying of the $76,000,000 but rather 
was humbled by the marvel of man 
who 17 years before could not get 
credit in his home town for a Thanks- 
giving day dinner, having come to 
colossal wealth in such a short time. 
That 's the great lesson, the lesson of 
opportunity. America no doubt of- 
fers more of opportunity than any 
other land under the sun but it is 
present in every land and in every 
clime, for those who are fitted to re- 
spond to it when it calls. 

And there is another great lesson 
in Ford's millions. The Niagaras of 
dollars that poured in upon him in 
the last 17 years have been clean 
dollars. They have come from furnish- 
ing the multitude something that has 
added to human progress and human 
betterment. His tremendous wealth re- 
futes the libel that no man can be a 
millionaire and be honest. 

To Henry Ford and not a few other 
men of great wealth money does not 
mean ease or luxury but rather spurs 
them on to higher achievement. Some 
of the very rich men work hardier than 
day laborers. So far as creataire 
comforts are concerned there is no 
difference between $1,000,000 and 

If nothing else Henry Ford's story 
is a classic in the great tale of 
America's self made men, for it is a 
tale of opportunity well used and nev- 
er abused. 

"Woodrow" Wilson was walking with his friend, Joe Kennon once, and 
they passed a jewelry store where there were a lot of precious stones in 
the'window. "Would you not like to have your pick?" asked Woodrow. 
"Not roe pick but me shovel," said Joe.— The Leader. 



Institutional Notes. 

(Henry B. Faucette, Reporter.) 

James Sutter was the only boy to* 
receive visits Wednesday. 

Miss Eve Greenlee, of First Cottage, 
lias taken charge of the new school 
room that was opened Tuesd'iy a 
week. Now we have three rooms 

Rev. T. X Lawrence, of the Episco- 
pal Church, of Concord, p reunited an 

inspiring sermon at the Auditorium 
Sunday afternoon and chose lor his 
his text: "And Christ Increased in 
Widom and Statue, and in Favor 
With God and Man." 

When a person knows a good thing 
or place, how hard it is to keep away 
from it. This must have been the 
case of H. Sarvis, of Bessemer City, 
who was paroled last August and who 
is making good. Mr. Zeb Teeter was 
■also avisitor at the School at the same 
time. He was formerly an officer of 
this School. Of course, they can't 
stay away, so we expect them soon 

Waldo Shinn has left us for Ills 
home, having made a very fine record 
while at the school. He is missed by 
the boys in the cottage as well as 0:1 
the play-ground. His short stay at 
the school was only seventeen mouths, 
but while he was here he made num- 
erous friends among the boys and of- 
ficers. He carried the good wishes 
of all with him and we believe he will 
make his mark in the world some 
time in the future. 

Mr. and Mrs. Cloer, whose arrival 

at the School has already been spoken 
of, are now making head-way fast. 
Mrs. Cloer is matron in Mecklenburg 
Cottage, and Mr. Cloer, being a car- 
penter, is running the wood-shop. He 
and "Red" Harvell have already 
put out several good jobs. All the 
boys admire and respect Mr. Cloer, he 
is not aloof from the boys; he jokes 
and plays with them as if they were 
his own sons. Mrs. Cloer is also 
kind and motherly to the boys. 

Cottage Xo. 6, or Guilford Cottage, 
is now opened. There were 25 boys 
who were proud to feel that their 
conduct has been of such merit that 
they have been placed n this cottage 
as a reward. It is located just below 
the new school building. The boys in 
this cottage will try to their utmost 
to keep it new and clean so that the 
confidence in them will not be mis- 
placed. Two other cottages are lo- 
cated just below this one so of course, 
it won't be lonely or out of place. 
This event has been looked forward to 
by a great many of the boys. 


Several weeks before Christmas 
came, THE UPLIFT modestly in- 
vited any one who felt like it, to aid 
us in giving the boys at the Jackson 
Training School a Christmas com- 
mensurate with their appetites and 
desires. The response accomplished 
the purpose. If all the boys in the 
institution are surfeited as the printer 
boys, candy, nuts and such like would 
hold no charm for them at this time — - 
but how soon youngsters get over 

The complete list is as follows: 


Mr. W. E. Parker, Charlotte,. .$10.00 Baptist church, Greensboro:. 

Col. F B. MeDuwell, Charlotte. .5.00 Showing their appreciation- every 

Mr. J. C. Crowell, Charlotte 5.00 boy at the institution lias written iu- 

Mr. E. I?. Grady, Concord 5.00 to "his little book" the names of all 

Mr. John R. Query, Concord 5.00 these delightful friends. THE UP- 

Col. A. H. Boydeiii, Salisbury "'.DO LIFT rejoices that each one had a 

Mr. R. S. Huntingion, Gre^n-.. full Christmas, and wishes for all 

vjlle, s. C 3.00 these generous and thoughtful friends 

Prof. C'has. L. Coon, Wilson 10.00 a prosperous year. 

Mrs. Edna Yorke, Concord 10.00 

Mr. J. R..Fairehild, New York.. . 10.00 D h f £ Jq - n A Bamhardt . 

Cash Concord 10.00 

Mrs. Myrtle Freeland, North.. On the 7th, in No. 5 township, at the 

Wilkesboro 5.00 a S e °f 83, Esq. John A. Barnhardt, an 

Junior King's Daughters, upright, conscientious and most wor- 

Concord 5.00 thy citizen, passed away, lie was elo- 

Senoir King's Daughters, Con- quent in attending to his own busi- 

eon l 10.00 "ess and perfectly dumb when that 

State King's Daughters, 15.00 of others was involved, lie was, in his 

T. M. Shelton, Charlotte 10.00 day, one of the most practical and- 

Chapel Hill King's Daughters. .10.00 success Oul school-teachers in the whole 

Mr. D. H. Pitts, Concord, 10.00 section. When his pupils closed theii 

T. J. Fet/.er, Wadesboro, 10.00 three-months school term, the teacher 

Mr. G B Caldwell, Monroe, live receiving the munificent salary of 

boxes of oranges. twenty-five dollars per month, they 

Mr. Morris LeftkowiU, Salisbury, knew all the capitols of the states, 

40 ibs. candy. could read intelligently American sto- 

Mr. J. A. Fasnacht, Charlotte, one ries about worthwhile things, could 
pound candy each for every boy. spell splendidly, knew the mult 'plica- 
Concord Steam Bakery, ' 100 lbs. tion tables (up and down), kept their 
cake. books tidy and guarded weli their 

Mr. J. M. Hendrix, Concord, two thick slates (a luxury of the day), put 

boxes apples, two bunches bananas, in never less than six hours at genuine- 

two buckets candy. study, became familiar with the ten 

Mrs. J. P. Allison, box oranges. commandments, heard the scripture* 

Mr. G. L. Patterson, one box oranges read every morning followed by the 

and 250 paper bags. Lord's prayer in which they joined. 

Albemarle Grocery Company two What have we today ? 
boxes of apples. The old man, early in life, had lost 

Box of Christmas, Greenville an eye; but with that one eye always 

King's Daughters. in action and backed by the courage 

Box of Christinas, Durham King's to do his duty, John A. Earnhardt did 

Daughters. much valuable service for his fellow 

A victrola from Col. F. P. Hobgood, man, and left a fine name for the jo? 

Jr's. Sunday School class, First and comfort of a crowd of splendi.l 




Of A Local Nature. 

Concord had a sane and sober 
Chrsitmas. * The Concord National 
Bank holds its 33rd annual stock- 
holders meeting on the 10th.* The 
Citizen Bank & Trust Company is 
having the? old Dove & Bost Store 
room torn down, preparatory for the 
rection of a modern banking house.* 
Ninety teachers attended the Teach- 
ers' meeting on Saturday. * Mr. L\ 
H. Webb entertained officers of the 
local Rotory at a dinner on Monday 
evening. * Dr. VV. H. Wadsworth 
is taking treatment in a Charlotte 
hospital. * Mr. J. F. Goodman, con- 
fined to his home for two weeks by 
illness, is improving. * Ninety teach- 
ers attended the Teachers' meeting 
on Saturday. * The total tax of Ca- 
barrus county, not including the in- 
come tax that goes direct to the 
state, is $123,132,82. * Farm Dem- 
onstrator Goodman is conducting a 
campaign of fruit-tree pruning in 
the county. * 

Judge Bis Ray is holding Cabarrus 
Superior Court. It's a two-weeks 
term. Civil eases deferred to another 
court in order to give time for the 
trial of an unusually heavy criminal 
docket. Dan Y7idenhouse had ti'.lcd 
up the jail with whiskey folks, and 

some of his subjects were out on bond. 
Some of these days the lawless will 
awake to the idea that the law means 
business and fooled with long e- 
noMgh may let loose a real sting Mas- 
ten the day. 


Atlanta, Ga., January — Removal of 
the war taxes of eight percent on pas- 
senger and sleeping car fares and of 
three percent on freight charges 
which became effective at midnight of 
December 31st will mean a substan- 
tial reduction in- the cost of both 
freight and passenger transportation. 

A statement issued by the Southern 
Railway System calls attention to 
the fact that, as these taxes applied 
universally, their elimination will re- 
sult in a material cut in the bill the 
American people have been paying for 

Under the ruling of the Bureau of 
Internal Revenue, the railways will 
not be permitted to make refunds of 
war taxes paid on unused portions of 
tickets or mileage books or of such 
taxes paid on freight overcharges. 
Refunds of taxes will be made only 
on direct application to the Commis- 
sioner of Internal Revenue, "Wash- 
ington, and application must be ac- 
companied by certificates from the 
railway agents through whom refund 
of the railway charges was made. 


eekh)— Subscription $2.00 

RD N. C. JAN. 21, 1922, 

NO. 11 

letliocl 01 Going. 

. man coul ] get to heaven without 
h?" asked three good men of a 


patted him on the back, and called 

u a question, and I want you to 
i quickly as I answered you," said 
iy do you want to go to heaven that 


l ask me another question?" sug- 
ter. "Why don't yov ask me if a 
England without going on a boat?** 
id, "we will ask you that. Now 

why a man could not get to Eng - 
\ on a ship, provided he was a good 
me food between his shoulders lo 
md strength to buffet all the waves 
lot get him. And suppose you did 
without a ship, do you think you 
much ahead of the man v/ho goes 









: ,msmmmmmm 

Between the South and Washington and Mew York 





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NEW YORK. Ptnna. Syatej 


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No, 37 

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tin. 137 4 133. ATLANTA SP£CIA]_ Dr.winj room .I«pi 
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;■■.'-'* 71 

He Upita 



The Authority of the Stonewall Jackson Manual Trrining and Industrial School. 
Type-Setting by the Boy's Printing Class. Subscription Two Dollars the year in 

JAMES P. COOK, Editor. 

JESSE C. FISHER, Director Printing Department 

Entered as second-class matter Dec. 4, 1920, at the Post Ollice at Concord, N. 
C, under the Act of March 3, 1&79 


If the whole world copied You— 

Copied to the letter--- 
Would it be a nobler world, 
All deceit and meaness hurled 

From it altogether? 
Would selfishness and envy fade, 
And in the room their absence made, 
Would love come into view? 
Tell me, if it followed You— 

Would the world be better 



Lest we forget. . 

Today is the anniversary :>f the birth of Thomas Johnathan Jackson; and 
Thursday last was that of Robert Edward Lee. Impartial and correct his- 
torians give to these Christian men and gallant soldiers and masterful gen- 
erals high places for patriotism, unblemished character, matchless bravery 
and brilliant records. There are thos\ however, even among our own, 
obsessed with their knowledge of pedagogy and the artfulness of teaching, 
with loose-fitting regard for the greatness and sacrifices of the.' past, who 
are willing that there be placed into the hands of the children books that 
declare Lee and Jackson and their heroic followers were "traitors" and 


the cause for which they most honestly and bravely contended was "re- 

Because certain teachers and certain officials wear so loosely their sense 
of partiotism and gratitude, it is fitting that the Daughters of the Con- 
federacy andjthose who honor the memories of the heroes of the GOs should 
jealously grasp every opportunity to keep forever alive the spotless names 
of Lee and Jackson and the brave men that followed them. 

Elsewhere in this issue of The Uplift are to be found articles in re- 
ference to each of these beloved men, who tendered their all in defense of 
the South. We only honor ourselves and do, a simple duty when in loving 
memory we strive to keep alive the patriotism of those, who gave their all 
for their cause, our cause. 


The Daughters of the Confederacy throughout the South recognized the 
anniversary of the birth of Commodore Matthew F. Maury (Jan. 14, 1806), 
the great scientist, who first made charts of the sea and wrote a Physical 
Geography of high merit. The activity of the Daughters in insisting that 
books in the hands of our children shall do justice to the South and her 
heroes has been criticised by some whose toes have been stepped on. In 
fact a most reputable newspaper, edited by one of the finest men of the 
whole state, actually gave publicity to the slanderous remark that the 
Daughters of the Confederacy were influenced by a campaign fund con- 
tributed by a rival publishing concern. The very authors of that slan- 
derous statement against the patriotism and sincerity of our women, are 
past masters at the business. Years ago, for business reasons, they im- 
pugned the honor and integrity of Major Finger and John C. Scarboro be- 
cause they could not control them. 

This is a very fine reason why the Daughters of the Confederacy, hon- 
est, clean and patriotic, should tighten their lines and keep themselves on 
the watch-tower. Their's is a most important duty and service. 


A year or more ago, Major Bruce Craven began what he was pleased to 
baptize "Seeing North Carolina" which occasionally runs in the Greensboro 
News. Later on'when Mr. J. F. Hurley, of the Salisbury Post, was presi- 
dent of the North Carolina Press Association, he eloquently and forcibly 


outlined a programme to the editors, who, if they undertook its execution, 
could do a world of good under the slogan, "Know North Carolina." 

The Press Association very properly endorsed the fine suggestion of 
President Hurley, and a committee, composed of Clarence Poe, L. R. Wilson 
and E. C. Branson, was appointed to suggest the subjects and the doctors 
to handle each. This committee has performed. From the Chapel Hill 
News Letter, we learn that the business this campaign contemplated has 
begun. It starts off with an extract from the Inaugural Address of Hon, 
T. W. Bickett, when, on Jan. 11, 1917, he took the oath of offlie of Gover- 
nor. And this is Bickett's Dream: 

"Gentlemen of the gentral assembly, ladies and gentlemen: I have 
endeavored to visualize my dream of a fairer and finer state. I have 
outlined the means by which I hope to make the dream c<;nie true. 
And the means all reach out to a single end— a larger hope, a wider 
door for the average man than he has ever known. 

"With a six-months school guaranteed to every child; with the 
forces of disease routed from their ancient strongholds; with the curse 
of rum lifted from every home; with our fields tilled by the men who 
own and therefore love them; with our harvests free from the crop 
lien's deadly blight; with modern conveniences and wholesome diver- 
sions within reach of every country home, our dear old state, released 
from her bondage to the blood-kin tyrants of Ignorance, Poverty, 
Disease, and Crime, will begin to realize her finest possibilities in 
riches and grace; will assume her rightful place in the march of civi- 
lization; and from the blue of the mountains to the blue of the sea 
there will spring up a hardier, holier race, not unlike the giants that 
walked the earth when the sons of God mated with the daughters of 

The Movies taking out two million dollars of insurance on the life of Mr. 
Will Hayes leads one to believe that they think they have come into the 
possession of a ruby. 


Great is the joy of our boys in the entertainment they are getting out of 
one hundred and fifty Victrola records donated by some good people in 
Greensboro, at the instance of Miss Nita Gressitt, teacher of mathematics in 
the Greensboro High School. Th? Seniors of the Greensboro High School 
sent a lot of fifty, and the Business & Professional Women's Club con- 
tributed one hundred. Nothing in all the world equals the thought- 
fulness of a genuine friend when in action. If Miss Gressitt inspires the 
young Seniors and the Business & Professionals Women's Club to make us a 


coveted visit, the boys will &how them how they can play the records, and 
how quickly they even have picked up the songs and learned the imper- 
sonations. And this generous gift came at Christmas time, too! 


*> It happened that a Fox caught its tail in a trap, and in struggling * 

% to release himself lost all of it but the stump. At first he was asham- •:• 

X ed to show h ; mself among his fellow foxes. But at last he determined •:« 

* . . * 

•> to put a bolder face upon his misfortune, and summoned all the foxes ♦ 

•:* to a general meeting to consider a proposal which he had to place be- * 

•:• fore them. When they had assembled together the Fux proposed that ♦ 

•:• they should all do away with their tails. He pointed how inconven- * 

•:• v 

* ient a tail was when they were pursued by their enemies, the dogs; * 
»*♦ *** 

* how much it was in the way when they desired to sit down and hold f 

••• a friendly conversation with one another. He failed to see any ad- 1* 

*> vantage in carrying about such a usehss encumberanee. That is all | 

* very well," said one of the older foxes; "but I do not think you would | 

* have recommended us to dispense with our chief ornament if you had * 
;•* not happened to lose it yourself." 1; 


♦:♦ ■ * 

►♦♦ ♦*« 


Guilford Makes Official Visit. 

Wednesday, January 11, was a most delightful day, despite the weather, 
at the Jackson Training School. This wag the day set by the County Com- 
missioners of Guilford, accompanied by deeply interested others, to visit 
the institution, inspect the new Guilford Cottage and officially turn it over 
to the institution with, as the meeting proved, their entire satisfaction and 

Among the representatives of the 
Commissioners were Mr. J. A. Ran- 
kin, the chairman, Mr. W. C. Jones, 
Mr. J. G. Foushe, together with Mr. 
W. C. Boren, who was chairman of 
said Board when the appropriation 
for the building was made, and who 
since has become the chairman of 
the County Road Commission, and 
is a master at the business. Mr. 
and Mrs. Mason W. Grant, clerk of 
superior court and Juvenile Judge, 
were present. Mrs. Blanche Carr 
Sterne, the capable and efficient 
superintendent ot county welfare 
and others were among the visitors 
from Guilford. 

The visitors, after luncheon in the 
Guilford Cottage and a minute in- 
spection from basement to garret- 
all declaring it perfect—the visitors 
adjourned to the chapel, where the 
boys had assembled, together with a 
number of interested friends from 
Concord, Judge Grant presided, 
and after scripture reading and pray- 
er by Rev. R. Murphy Williams the 
editor of The Uplift extend a cor- 
dial welcome to the distinguished 
visitors and thanking most earnest- 
ly the forward-looking county of 
Guilford for the material aid con- 
tributed to the institution in work- 
ing out its plans. Mr. E. D. Broad- 
hurst, one of the leading lights cf 
the Greensboro Bar, responded, 
making ?. timely and forceful address 

which impressed the audience, es- 
pecially the boys for whom his splen- 
did remarks were primarily inten- 
ded.' Messrs. Rankin, Jones and 
Foushe of the Commissioners made 
pleasing remarks, all expressing 
pride and happiness over their having 
the opportunity extended them as 
officials to aid materially in the 
great work of the institution. Mr. 
Boren, the former chairman, a gen- 
uinely sincere and practical busi- 
ness man, made a few remarks; and 
Mrs. Sterne was radiantly happy 
over the fact that she now had a 
strong, right arm assistant in her 
great work of reclamation. Re\r. 
Williams, whom everybody in 
Greensboro regards as the big broth- 
er, of the average boy was very hap- 
py in his timely remarks. Throughout 
the interesting exercise the boys 
sang a number of songs, which de- 
lighted the visitors; and Master 
Taylor recited Dr. McGeachy's "A 
Man May be Down, But Pie's Never 
Out.'' The meeting was closed with 
the benedcition by Rev. T.W.Smith, 
the institution's unselfish and devot- 
ed friend. 

At the close of the meeting the 
ten boys, from Guilford county, were 
invited to come up on the stage and 
personally meet the Guilford delega- 
tion—that meeting was of the pur- 
est and deepest friendship, the boys 
seeing that the folks back home have 



a regard and interest in their welfare, 
and they were deeply impressed 

Mr. W. E. Stanley, the County 
Welfare Worker of Durham, hap- 
pened in on this occasion, having ac- 
companied a boy to the insitution. 

'I he exercises set him on fire and 

said he: "Look here, I'm going to 
bring Durham down hereandpull off 
a meeting just a little better when 
our Cottage is opened." Brother 
Stanly may just as 'veil begin to 
line up his folks, for in a very few 
days the Durham Cottage will be 
thrown open. 

With reports coming from Paris that this was the "gayest, wettest, 
and costliest" Christmas that the French capital has ever experienced 
and with the French representatives at the Armament Conference de- 
manding that France have a free hand in the construction of submarines, 
and other auxiliary crafts of war, isn't it about time for America to de- 
mand payment of the interest on that war debt, rather than continue so 
much maudlin talk about cancelization of the debt? "We object very 
strenuously to America canceling t':e war debt of a people who seem 
unduely anxious to prepare for future wars and has money for gayety 
and carousal. Let the money spent for champagne go to the payment 
of the honest debt to a nation that has written the law of temperance in 
her constitution. — Christian Advocate. 


Robert E. Lee's father, General Henry Lee, who was called Light Horse 
Harry, was a famous calvary officer in the Revolutionary War. Lie was often 
sent out as a scout to learn of the enemies' plans. TLis troopers were called 
the eyes and cars of the army. His work was highly commended both by Con- 
gress and General Washington. 

After the war he was governor 
of Virginia, and later became a mem- 
ber of Congress. It was while deliver- 
ing Washington's funeral oration 
in Congress that he said, "Washing- 
ton is first in war, first in peace, first 
in the hearts of his countrymen." 

Charles Richard Lee, the paternal 
great-great-grandfather of Robert, 
came from England to Virginia during 
the reign of Charles the First. He 
was akindhearted man, of good stature 
and good sense, and in many ways 
was like his descendant who led the 
armies of the Confederacy. 

Robert's mother was Anne Hill 
Carter, from one of Virginia's best 
families. Stratford House in which 
Robert was born is a fine old mansion, 
which stands not far from the banks 
of the Potomac River near the birth- 
place of Washington. 

He had two brothers — Charles and 
Sidney — and two sisters — Anne and 

Robert was very fond of horses and 
dogs, and spent much of his time 
around the stables. He enjoyed out- 
of-door sports, especially hunting. In 
this way he developed that great 


strength which enabled him to endure 
the hardships of the campaign. 

As his father's health was failing, 
the family moved into the city of 
Alxander when Robert was four years 
old. When he was at the age of 
eleven his father died. His mother 
was not strong and finally became an 
invalid, unable to get about at all 

noon he hurried home from school to 
take her for a ride. He carried her to 
the carnage, wrapped her up com- 
fortably and did all ho could to 
cheer her up while they rode. 

Lee attended private schools until 
he was eighteen. He then entered 
West Point, for he had decided that 
he would be a soldier like his father. 


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alone. Her oldest son was at college, 
her second son, in the navy. The 
older daughter was very frail and the 
other too young to do much about the 
house. Hence to Robert fell most of 
the responsibility of overseeing the 
housework and caring for his mother. 
He was very strong for a boy of his 
years and could easily carry her about 
in his arms. Every pleasant after- 

He had grown to be a handsome, 
well-developed young man, five feet 
eleven inches tall. He was scrupu- 
lously neat in his dress as well as in 
everything he did. He was very kind 
and courteous to all whom he met and 
became a great favorite both with his 
instructors and classmates. He was a 
devoted Christian" and every one of 
felt the influence of the strength and 


mother became very ill. Ho sat at 
her bedside day and'night, giving heir 
food and medicine with his own hand, 
but care and love could not save her, 
and he was soon bereft of her to 
whom he said he owed everything. 

purity of his character. During the 
four years he was at West Point he 
never had a demerit mark. He grad- 
uated in 1820, standing second in a 
class of forty-six. 

Xct long alter his graduation his 

They say that man is mighty 

He governs land and sea. 
He wields a mighty scepter 

O 'er lesser powers that be. 
But a mightier power and stronger 

Man from his throne has hurled, 
For the hand that rocks the cradle 

Is the hand that rules the world.— Wm. Ross "Wallace. 


Thomas J. Jackson was born Jan. 
21, 1824, in the mountains ot' western 
Virginia. The home of his childhood, 
near the Ohio river, was not far from 
the early homes of Abraham Lincoln 
and Jefferson Davis. Jackson's fath- 
er was a lawyer, but long after the 
birth of the child both the father 
and mother died. The blue-eyed boy, 
with the hair so long and fair and 
voice that was quiet and sweet, went 
to live on a farm with his uncle. He 
worked hard on the farm; he liked 
to ride horses and make them gallop 
fast over the hills; and he knew well 
how to cut down trees and drag them 
out of the great forest to the sawmill. 
At West Point. 
In 1S42, when young Jackson was 
eighteen years old, he presented him- 
self at West Point, on the Hudson 
river. He wore a suit of coarse stuff 
woven on the loom at his home A few 
other articles were packed in a pair 
of old saddlebags. He was about six 
feet two inches in height, his hands 
-and feet were large and his way of 

walking was awkward. The other 
boys at the military school tried to 
[day jokes on him, but they soon gave 
it ui). He was full of courage and 

plenty of common sense. It is true 
that he was bashful and had little to 
say to any of his comrades, but his 
heart was overflowing with kindness. 


When any one of them was in trouble, 
Jackson was the first to help him. 
He was polite to every one, and al- 
ways loved to speak the truth. 

Rather Slow at First. 

Jackson was slow at first in learn- 
ing from books. He had to work hard 
to keep up with the other boys. But 
he kept at it. After the hour for put- 
ting out the lamp in his room, he would 
often lie down on the floor and study 
his lesson by the light from the burn- 
ing coals in the fireplace. "You can 
be whatever you resolve to be," he 
said. He was terribly in earnest and 
meant to win success as a soldier. 
Slowly he worked his way up in the 
class, and so had nearly reached the 
head of it when the four years were 

In the Mexican War. 

Then he went to light in Mexico 
(1S4G) as an officer of artillery. His 
eyes fairly blazed when he took his 
cannon into battle. At Cliapultepec, 
in front of the city of Mexico, the 
roadway which he held was swept by 
the enemy's cannon balls. In order 
to keep down the excitement among 
his men he walked back and forth in 
front of them and said very quietly, 
"There is no danger. See! I am not 

Jackson's Life as a Teacher. 

After the Mexican War Jackson be- 
came a teacher in the Virginia Mili- 
tary Institute, at Lexington, Va. His 
life there was very quiet. Every 
morning regularly he arose about six 
o'clock; after kneeling in prayer he 
took a cold bath, and this was done 
even on the iciest mornings in winter. 

A brisk walk followed, and then, at 
seven, family prayers and breakfast. 
Then came his work in teaching, and 
after that the study of books. The 
Bible was always first in this course 
of daily reading, and then history of 
the wars of Napoleon Bonaparte. Sun- 
day morning found him regularly in 
seat at church. Every Sunday after- 
noon he managed and taught a Sun- 
day school attended by the negro 
slaves of the community in which he 
lived. He always did what he thought 
to be right, no matter what it cost 
him. With all his might he hated a 
lie. His anger always blazed out 
against the man who did wrong to 
another. And yet he lived the peace- 
able life of the man of God. In his 
own home there was always tender- 
ness and affection. 

The Call to War. 

When Virginia left the Union, Jack- 
son was ready to defend his native 
commonwealth. One Sunday morn- 
ing the governor's message came. 
Jackson called out the soldier boys 
whom he was teaching, had religious 
worship conducted in their presence, 
and then, at one o'clock the same day, 
led them to battle. Jackson himself 
was made colonel and was told to hold 
Harpers Ferry on the Potomac River. 
He still wore the plain uniform of his 
school. His worn and faded cadet 
cap was always tilted over his eyes. 
He went in and out among his men 
without noise or bustle. He rode a 
quiet old horse, but he kept his men 
at work and kept his eyes open for the 
coming of the enemy. Jackson talk- 
ed very little with anyone, and never 
told his plans, not even in his letters 
to his wife. He wrote to her about 



the roses that were elinibing over the 
house iu which he was staying, and 
then sent to her this message from his 
heart, "My sweet little sunny face is 
what I want to see most of all." 

Jackson at Manassas. 

Another Sunday morning eame, and 
now it was the month of July, 1S61. 
Jackson had under his command an 
entire brigade made up of live regi- 
ments of Virginians. He had four 
cannon also. These were directed by 
a minister of the Gospel who had be- 
come a Confederate soldier. For this 
reason the four big guns were named 
by the men Matthew, Mark, Luke and 
John. Jackson still wore his hat pull- 
ed down over his eyes. Ears and eyes 
were open, as usual, however, on this 
beautiful morning, because Jackson 
saw a strong Federal army coming 
against him. This army had started 
southward from Washington to cap- 
ture Richmond. The Confederate ar- 
my met it near Manassas, south of 
the Bull Run in Virginia. The Feder- 
al soldiers crossed the Bull Run at a 
point above, and came down along the 
bank against the end of the Confed- 
erate line. Jackson was near that 
end, and when Bee, the Carolinian, 
said, ' ' They are beating us back, ' ' he 
replied," Then, sir, we will give them 
the bayonet." This filled Bee with 
hope, and he called out to his men, 
"Look! there is Jackson standing like 
a stone wall. Rally behind the Vir- 

The First Great Confederate Victory. 

From that hour Jackson was called 
Stonewall, and the men who fought 
under him there were known as the 
Stonewall Brigade. While the bullets 

were Hying thick, he rode slowly up 
and down in front of them, just as he 
did Chepultepec, saying in a quiet 
way, "Steady, men, steady! all's 
well!" When the enemy eame nearer, 
he rode to the center of his line and 
said, "Reserve your lire till they 
come within fifty yards, then (ire and 
give them the bayonet; and when you 
charge, yell like furies. " The long 
gray line of heroes obeyed his order. 
Suddenly they leaped from the ground 
where they had lain, fired into the 
very faces of the foe, and then with 
wild yells charged through shot and 
shell and battle smoke into the en- 
emy's line. That line waved back and 
forth and at last gave way. The rest 
of the Confederates came to Jackson's 
aid, and the Federal army turned 
back in a mad rush for Washington. 
It was the first great battle of the war 
and the first great Confederate vic- 
tor y. 

The Great Valley Campaign. 
Early in the year 1862, Stonewall 
held the Valley of Virginia with six- 
teen thousand Confederates. Three 
different Northern armies, contain- 
ing in all about sixty thousand men, 
were sent against him. Hidden 
ways of marching and sudden rushes 
brought him against his foes at 
places where they did not expect 
him, and one after another he de- 
feated the three armies in five well- 
planned battles. Then like a thunder- 
bolt of war he moved from the Valley 
to the James River and fell upon 
McClellan's army in front of Rich- 
mond. ' ' Stonewall Jackson is here ! " 
was the glad cry that ran along Gen- 
eral Lee's line of soldiers. Then the 
Confederate soldiers all advanced 
through the swamps and forests and 


drove MeClellan from Richmond. 
Jackson's Last Victory. 

In the last half of the year 18G2, 
Jackson won the victory of Cedar Run , 
and fought beside Lee on the glorious 
fields of Second Manassas, Sliarpsburg 
and Fredericksburg. On the 2nd of 
May, 18G3, Stonewall's men were 
marching in a long column through 
(he thick bushes at Chancellorsville. 
The commander was in the lead, and 
the soldiers were in line spirits. "Tell 
old Jack, we're all a-coming. Don't 
let him begin the fuss till we get 
there," was their frequent call as 
they moved forward. At half past 
rive o'clock in the afternoon, Jackson 
sat in silence on his horse, Little Sor- 
rel. His old cap was drawn down ov- 
er his eyes his lips were tightly 
closed, and his watch was in his 
hand. The troops were getting into 
[dace in the rear of one end of the 
Federal army. 

"Are you ready, General Rhodes'?" 
said Jackson. 

"Yes, sir," replied the brave Ala- 

"You can go forward, sir," said 


Rhodes gave a nod, and the nota 
•i bugle rang out. "Boom, boom," 
roared out two large guns in the road- 
way. Then the tierce "rebel yell" 
came from thousands of throats, and 
Jackson's men rushed forward through 
the woods into the Federal camp. 
The Northern soldiers threw down 
their guns and (led. It was the last 
victory won for the Confederacy by 
Stonewall Jackson. 

Death of Jackson. 

That night he rode forward in tho 
darkness. Through mistake his own . 
men (ired, and Jackson fell. For a 
week he lingered. "I should have 
chosen for the good of the country to 
be disabled in your stead," wroto 
Lee to tho wounded man. Jackson 
said of his last battle, "I feel that 
God's hand led me — let us give Him 
the glory." When the end was at 
hand he said, "Let us cross over the 
river, and rest under the shade of the 
trees," and the soul of the great 
Christian soldier went to be with hi3 
God. — (Dr. White's Beginner's His- 
tory of the United States.) 

STONEWALL JACKSON": When on the plain, he drilled no eagles to 
perch on his banners, as the third Napoleon was said to have done. But 
one thing he did, he impressed his men with such an intense conviction of 
his unselfish and supreme consecration to the cause for which he had 
periled all, and so kindled them with his own magnetic fire as to fuse them 
into one articulated body — one heart throbbing through all the members, but 
spirit animating the entire frame — that heart, that spirit, his own. It wa3 
his sublime indifference to personal danger, to personal comfort, and per- 
sonal aggrandizement, that gave him such power over the armie3 ho com- 
manded, and such place in the hearts of the people of the Confederate 
StatC3. Dr. Moses D. Hodge. 




Forth from its scabbard, pure and bright 

Flashed the sword of Lee 
Far in the front of the deadly fight, 
High o'er the brave, in the cause of right, 
Its stainless sheen, like a beacon light, 

Led us to victory. 

Out of its scabbard, where full long 

It slumbered peacefully- 
Roused from its rest by the battle-song, 
Shielding the feeble, smiting the strong, 
Guarding the right, and avenging the wrong— 

Gleamed the sword of Lee! 

Forth from the scabbard, high in air, 

Beneath Virginia's sky, ■ ■ 

And they who saw it gleaming there, 
And knew who bore i ,tknelt to swear 
That where that sword led they would dare 

To follow and to die. 

Out of its scabbard! Never hand 

Waved sword from stain as free, 
Nor purer sword led braver band, 
Nor braver bled for a brighter land, 
Nor brighter land had a cause as grand, 

Nor cause a chief like Lee! 

Forth from its scabbard! All in vain! 

Forth Hashed the sword of Lee! 
'Tis shrouded now in its sheath again, 
It sleeps the sleep of our noble slain, 
Defeated, yet without a stain, 

Proudly and peacefully. 

— Father J. A. Ryan. 

"I know no better way to define the word 'education' than to say it 
means being like Robert E. Lee." — Dr. E. C. Branson. 



Thirteen specially built school trucks are now in use in six consolidated 
schools in Davidson County, and in addition, it is reported, are being supple- 
mented by probably as many as four regular automobiles trucks.' About eight 
hundred boys and girls from tots to high school seniors are being taken to 
school each morning and returned to their homes each afternoon. These arc 
all protected from cold and rain and add both to the comfort and health of the 
pupils, it is said. Nothing in the history of the public schools of the county has 
proven more popular perhaps than the transportation of pupils. In the dis- 
tricts where the trucks are operated there are no long distances to school, for 
those living two or three miles away are within a few minutes of the school 
house doors. 

The trucks are being used at Arcadia, Welcome, Reeds, Tyro, Churehland and 

' Linwood, all of which were consolidated during the early months of 1921. 

Linwood was the last of these districts to be consolidated, now havng a good 

four-teacher] school under Principal Fussell and is doing splendid elementary 

and high school work. — Lexington Dispatch. 

Why are the children of rural Cabarrus and some other counties not enjoy- 
ing equal advantages? Are they not just as good and as worthy as the children 
of Davidson? There is a reason for this difference in educational advantages, 
and somebody is responsible for the inequality. 

Washington, Jan. 12. — There is much astonishment being expressed here 
at the discovery today that the late Senator Boise Penrose, of Pennsylvania, 
had $236,100 in idle cash in a safe deposit box in one of the banks here. 
The deputy register of wills of the District of Columbia had been requested 
by the executors of the Penrose will to open the safety deposit box and in 
it he found 5236,100 in cash, this in five §10,000 notes, the balance in de- 
nomination ox 31,000, $500, $100 and $50 bills. How long this big amount 
of idle money had been laid away in the deposit box without drawing in- 
terest has not been made known and utterly without the power of service 
to any causj, whether industrial, commercial, political or religious. Ter- 
rible selfishness! 



odera Scliool Building 

This is the picture of; a modern 
school building, containing twelve 
recitation-rooms. This is the out- 
growth of a deep educational interest 
that was cultivated by certain edu- 
cational leaders in Rockingham coun- 
ty, chief among them being Mr. U. 
Leland Stanford, a young and promi- 
nent lawyer, about whom THE UP- 
LIFT in the issue of the 7th carried 
an appreciation. 

The building is in (he small village 
of Stoneville with less than 500 inhabi- 
tants, but it serves the school-child- 
ren of three consolidated districts, 
with the probability of two other 
districts to join this consolidation. The 
building, entirely modern in every 
respect, cost with the equipment' 

In conveying the children to and 
from there is in use now one truck. 
"When the two other districts are 
added, the services of three other 
trucks will be employed. 

The enrollment of the school is 314; 
the school term is eight months; and 
Prof. Robert if. Scott is the principal. 

This is one of the superb accom- 
plishments of the school officials of 
Rockingham county, which enjoys the 
able, wise and tireless services of 
Prof. L. X. Hickerson, as superin- 
tendent, backed up by a forward- 
thinking and alert Board of Educa- 

if * 




[ r - ■ 9 * 





There's Place In Life For 1 lie Anecdote. 

THE AMERICAN BEDBUG: It is told that once upon a time there was 
an English lord invited as the guest of a wealthy Southern gentl'omiui,_who 
hunted, fished, ran foxes, in fact went all along the lino of the all round sport. 
He had a butler and all around colored man at his beck and call, who had 
plenty of sense and heard a greater part of what went on. 

boys, but, my, they are not like tho 
English jockeys." 

William -saw that his boss was not 
going to insult his guest, and felt that 

The Englishman took a deep interest 
in all the sports, but at the end of the 
day would say. "but it is not equal 
to such in the old country." William 
was quick to see this and was soon 
getting on his nerves. 

The next day they went deer limit- 
ing, killed half a dozen fine deer, but 
in the conversation that night the 
guest was heard to say. ''but these 
deer are not as large as they are in 
the old country." They went fish- 
ing, caught an unusual string of fish, 
but that night William heard the guest 
remark that: "These fish are not 'alf 
as game as fish in the old country." 
And when William was waiting on the 
table next morning where these fish 
were being served, and the fineness 
of the flavor was being remarked on, 
the guest was heard to say: "but they 
do not compare with the flavor of the 
fish in the old country. " 

The next day a drive was taken to 
another plantation of the host to see 
the cattle hogs and sheep. All agreed 
that their host had a line lot, but the 
Englishman was again heard to say: 
"These are fine, but, la! you ought to 
see the cattle and sheep in the old 
country, they are far ahead of these." 
William looked at the guest with utter 
disdain, but said nothing. ■ 

The next day they went to the races, 
saw the American jockeys in all their 
glory but William heard the English- 
man say: "yes, they are pretty clever 

the prestago of this country was trail- 
ing in the dust. Just by accident one 
of the black boys came up with a real 
live snapping turtle of medium size; 
and William bought it for a dime 
and hid it away, saying nothing. That 
night, as was his usual round of duty, 
he went to the guests room, bringing 
water and such, then getting his 
turtle, he carefully stowed it under 
the cover, right where lie knew the 
Englishman 's feet would go when the 
light was out, and he got into bed; 
William having bid his guest good- 
night and gone where he could listen; 
and not for long. The guest had not 
fairly settled in bed before the turtle 
took a thunder hold upon his toe, and 
with a yell that wakened the house- 
hold, he rolled out of bed and went 
hobbling round and round the room, 
the turtle holding fast and Hopping 
on the floor at everj- jump, while the 
Englishman was yelling murder, fire, 
help. William was the first to reach 
him with a light, throwing the guest 
to the floor and taking hold of the 
turtle prized it loose from the toe. 

When sufficiently recovered to 
speak, and between sobs and moans, 
from the pain he was suffering, looked 
pitifully at William, saying: "Wil- 
liam, 0, William, and for the love of 



any country, and what is it, William?" best bow, said: "that, my lord, is an 
William rising to his best appear- American bedbug; can you beat it?" 

anee, and facing the guest with his — Contributed. 


Number (VII) — Snakes and Lizards. 
If there was ever a farm, in civilization, 'that furnished as many snakes as 
-did my father's farm in Franklin county, in my boyhood days, I have yet to see 
it (excepting my present home) About ten years ago a car load of Charlotte 
people were sidetracked in Monroe, awaiting a connection. It ! was late and men 
-were quiet. Dr. W. II. Wakefield and I were discussing early farm life, all 
clone. I was telling mv friend about going hunting'for snakes on the farm one 

summer day, and netted even 40 killed. 
I was not aware that any one was lis- 
tening until K. Kent Blair, away at 
the end of the car, called out: "Hunt, 
what brand had you been drinking!" 
The whole car roared, to my discomfit. 
But there were snakes there. The 
streams had fish and snakes too, water 
snakes, while the old fields and woods 
had upland snakes galore. We had 
a dog that was the only wild turkey 
dog I ever saw, and he hated snakes as 
he did no other thing, and he was a 
help in killing them. With the dog 
and four boys always looking to kill 
every one we saw, yet they seemed to 
never grow less. 

These we named were : the copper- 
head (we called it highland mocca- 
sin); Adder, red and black spotted; 
garter, green, ground, black, king (it 
killed all other snakes) pilot or bull, 
■water moccasin, the spotted and 
striped, the latter we called mud 
moccasin. Of all these the cop- 
perhead was considered the most dan- 
gerous, though we classed both' the 
water snakes as poison, and we knew 
the king was dangerously poison; all 
talk and natural history to the con- 

trary. We saw it bite the dog and he 
came as near dieting from that bite 
as any it ever had, and it was bitten 
by many we never saw. This dog 
would bay a snake until you came to 
kill it, unless it was bitten first. 

The black and the king were ratters, 
and lizards were a favorite diet for 
the black, but it was some job to catch 
a lizard on the fence. The adder fam- 
ily we put in about same class for pois- 
on as the copperhead; and they liked 
toads best of all things. The garter 
snake , is striped and never grows 
large, but they are poison also. The 
ground and green snakes ate worms 
and bugs, and they were often eaten 
by large hens. Fish were favorite di- 
et ifor water snakes. Then the streams 
were full of fish, which would make a 
pile of gravel on a shoal and lay eggs 
on the small stones. A snake would 
stretch itself under water, lie still 
with head about the fish bed, and catch 
an unsuspecting minnow spawning. 

Three of the snakes named above 
carried their young inside of them 
when they were as long as 12 inches. 
Supposedly they hatched eggs in the 
sun then took them inside. They en- 


tered by the mouth, and were seen 
to crawl in when clanger carne. Many 
times I have killed the mud moccasin 
with young inside, which would crawl 
out a hole cut in the mother snake. 
These were the moccasin family all 
three. We saw the king kill a water 
moccasin on a hot day. We found 
them fighting in the water and in- 
serted a stick in the coil of snakes 
and brought them out. The king 
would uncoil, take the moccasin by 
the jaw, knot itself about it and 
squeeze. When satislied it was dead 
it dragged it to the shade. We came 
back in two hours and found a very 
large king snake in a comatose state, 
it had swallowed the water snake, but 
by evening it was gone. We never 
killed the king, except for robbing 
bird nests. Most snakes will not 
trouble you if let alone. The black 
snake will chase you at nesting time. 
We found a very large one one day 
that showed fight. A boy threw a 
rock at it, the snake made a dive for 
us; all ran; as I turned it hit me 
about the thigh. That was the only 
time I ever ran so fast I felt that I 
was Hying. A few days later we took 
the dog there and soon put it' out of 


The lizard family we knew as four 
kinds, the common tree or fence lizard, 
the male being reddish brown and the 
female of a grayish color. The strip- 
ed or "sand-skeeter" as we called it, 
also known as "sand-swifts." They 
have a forked tongue like a snake, and' 
I have had them lick out the tongue 
as a snake does when it is found. 

This lizard was I he swiftest thing 
for its size of anything that moved 
on the ground. Both these lay eggs 
just under the soil, are hatched by the 
sun, and take care of themselves from 
the beginning. The other two we 
called scorpions, but the scorpion of 
natural history is a stinging reptile. 
There were two of these. A small, 
long, sleek, striped with blue and yel- 
low, with a blue tail. They liked to 
stay about houses. The other was 
much larger, short, pinkish red in 
color, lived in hollow dead trees. 
Have seen them 12 inches long, and 
as we thought they were poison and 
would bite, we feared them more than 
snakes. Wc had to have the advan- 
tage to tackle them. Our favorite way 
was to shoot them. I doubt now if 
they were any more harmful than the 
common scaly lizard we handled as 
we did bugs. All this tribe lived on 
insects, such as they could catch, were 
prolific raisers, and were able to 
stand all the slaughter they were 
subject to, and come back next season 
as plentiful as ever. AVe did not kill 
them as we did snakes, but they were 
a fine thing for a boy to chase. 

Both the snake and the lizard hi- 
bernate at the first approach of cold, 
and generally burrow into such places 
as not to be found in winter by man. 
Nature provides them with the know- 
ledge of how to take care of self. 
They lie dormant all winter, coming 
out at first warm spring days, appar- 
ently none the worse for their long 

The next number will be about Ani- 





Reading a report of a meeting of a Rotary club I noticed that the principal 
talk was on the "Eighth principle of the Rotury Code of Ethics," which is; 
"To hold that true friends demand nothing of one. another, and that any abuse 
of the confidence of friendship for profit is foreign to the spirit of Rotary." 
I was especially interested in the first clause: "To hold that true friends 
demand nothing of one another." That statement seems a little extreme, but 
taken in connection with the latter clause, "abuse of the confidence of friend- 
ship for profit," I think it is an ideal definition of real friendship. 

There are varying ideas of friend- way and not as an asset for gain, 
ship and its obligations; and some "Honesty is the best policy, " runs the 

very loose ideas of what constitutes 
friendship. With reference to the 
Rotary definition it could be said that 
true friendship does demand loyalty. 
But it does not demand loyalty under 
all conditions, if loyalty is meant that 
oud friends should stand by us under 
all circumstances. That is an exag- 
gerated idea that is really foreign to 
the meaning of true friendship. It 
is encouraged by those who cultivate 
friendly relations for profit. I be- 
lieve it is a duty, as well as good 
policy, for one to show himself friend- 
ly; to cultivate a courteous and good 
natured attitude toward those with 
whom he comes in contact. I mean of 
course to adopt this attitude within 
reasonable limits. Some folks in 
their efforts to be friendly slop over. 
They are so gushing that their sin- 
cerity is naturally called into question. 
Life is made pleasant and sweet- 
ened, the rough places are made 
smoother, by agreeable manners. I 
believe this a duty to one's fellows, 
not a matter of policy. It is good 
policy, a splendid asset, if it is so evi- 
dently sincere that it is not cause for 
suspicion. But good manners should 
be cultivated as an obligation we owe 
to our fellow travelers on life's high- 

old adage. But one should be honest 
because it is right, not simply as a 
matter of policy. 

"One who would have friends must 
show himself friendly," says the 
Good Book; and it is also recorded 
in the same that "He that blesseth his 
friend with a loud voice, rising early 
in the morning, it shall be counted a 
curse to him." I have an idea that 
the last quotation was intended for 
those who overdo the profession of 
friendship, seeking gain. Some there 
be who are honestly ignorant of the 
limitations of friendship. Their idea 
of the loyalty of a friend is one who 
upholds them, who goes to their 
rescue under any and all conditions. 
They may have outraged publio 
decency and the law, may have 
shamed their friends, but he is no> 
friend of theirs who does not go his 
full length for them no matter what 
they have done. It seems not to oc- 
cur to such people that one can forfeit 
friendship by misconduct; that while 
a friend may sympathize with them 
and seek to aid them so long as his 
own character does not become in- 
volved, he is not called on to become 
a crook or to have the appearance of 
upholding a crook simply because he 


made the mistake of giving his confi- 
dence to a crook. One who demands 
that sort of sacrifice on the altar of 
friendship is to be avoided. His 
idea of friendship is profit, and those 
w : ho cultivate friendships solely for 
profit are not to be trusted. But 
many there he. who do just that. 
They strive to impose obligations on 
piersons whom they think may be use- 
ful to them, knowing that when they 
call for payment, which is their pur- 
pose, the recipient of their favors 
•will be embarrassed in refusing; and 
-sometimes that very embarrassment 
causes one to violate principles, ideals 
of honor and integrity, rather than 
seem ungrateful. 

The other day Gov. Morrison, who 
has manifested exalted ideals of the 
administration of the law, deemed 
it necessary to publicly announce that 
applicants for executive clemency 
would not profit by attempts to in- 
fluence him through personal and po- 
litical friends. I do not believe that 
any one thing has contributed so much 
to the abuse of the administration of 
the law as personal and political in- 
fluence. Personal friends and per- 
sons of standing and influence, politi- 
cal supporters, are often sought to 
plead with judges to impose light 
punishments, and with Governors to 
commute sentences and issue pardons. 
Sometimes this influence is sold for 
money; more than often it is given 
to oblige or for a return obligation 
that may be of profit. Often those 
who exert themselves in such behalf 
have no concern as to the merits 
of the case. They are using friend- 
ship, which should be sacred, for 
what is in reality a dishonorable pur- 
pose. For unless they concientiously 
believe in what they espouse, they 

are seeking, through friendship, or ap- 
peal to the sense of obligation, to 
force a public official to violate the 
high trust imposed in him. There 
arc of this type not a few. They 
cultivate public men to corrupt them; 
for while professing to be their 
friends their purpose is to establish 
a "pull" to get what they may want 
regardless of the merits of the case, 
or whether it is right or wrong. Gov. 
Morrison knows there are folks who 
thus prostitute friendship and he has 
felt called on to give notice that it 
will not avail. Glory to the Governor! 
He who attempts to prostitute friend- 
ship for profit is a false friend and 
the sooner one is quit of him the bet- 

Goldsmith must have had in mind 
the kind of friends mentioned in the 
foregoing when he was moved to ob- 
serve : 
"And what is friendship but a name, 

A sham that lulls to sleep? 
A shade that follows wealth and fame 

And leaves the wretch to weep. " 

But Robt. Blair had real friendship 
in mind when he said; "Friendship! 
Mysterious cement of the soul, sweet- 
ener of life and solder of society." 

' "The condition which high friend- 
ship demands is the ability to do with- 
out it," Emerson contends. 

La Rochefoucauld is somewhat cyni- 
cal in his view. He says : ' ' Friend- 
ship is only a reciprocal conciliation 
of interests and an exchange of good 
offices. It is a species of commerce 
out of which self-love always expects 
to gain something." 

But the best of all is from Hovey : 
" * * * * friendship is as God, 



Who gives all aiul asks up payment." ship, .set out in the principles of the 

Rotary Club. 
That is no doubt the idea of friend- ; 

Julius Rosenwald, the managing genius behind Sears, Roebuck & Co., • 
the big department store of Chicago, though a very rich man and an ideal - 
philanthropist, doing great good -with his wealth, has come into a great for- - 
tune — a prize was offered by a Chicago newspaper for the best motto, and 
Rosenwald won it, which was $5.00. It was a quotation from Robert In- 
gersoll as follows:."! WOULD RATHER BE A BEGGAR AND SPEND 

How Gypsies Get Married. 

The following account of a Gypsy marriage, taking place at Raleigh Fair 
Grounds and reported in the News & Observer, gives a vivid picture of the 
customs and habits of a peculiar people: 

Romance on the Romany Road be- 
gun three years ago in New York 
culminated yesterday in the pictures- 
que wedding festivities of Anna Dor- 
cha White and Mike Demetro which 
were held in one of the big tents of 
the encampment of the three bands 
of Gypsies now at the Fair Grounds. 
The celebration began early yester- 
day morning and continued at full 
tilt until sunset to the exhaustion 
of the lungs of the promiscuously re- 
cruited band, the general hilarry 
of the participants and the gaping 
interest of a good crowd of town- 
folks and college students. 

The romance of the occasion may 
have been somewhat tempered by 
the fact that the oDulent .brother 
of the bridegroom, who is chief man 
of his band, has paid down a cool 
$2,500 to the father of the lady cf 
his brother's choise in exchange for 
her hand, and had thrown a $500 
wedding celebration into the bargin. 


At the gate of the Fair Grounds 
the blare of a band Wowing out 
sprightly dance music guided spec" 
tators to the tent where the party 
was being held. Inside, among the 
dingy shadows a motley crowd was 
making merry. About fifteen 
swarthy women, dressed in all the 
colors of the rainbow thrown to- 
gether with heedless bravado were 
the main figures in a lively dance, 
in which several greasy, grimy and 
less picturesque men ■ joined with 

In the middle of the tent a little 
iron cook stove was red hot in its 
efforts to prepare the wedding feast 
to whose menu emtpy tomato cans- 
and a great tub of chicken feathers- 
on one side of the room bore care- 
less testimony. About the stove wei e 
grouped the women, also in gala at- 
tire who were doing the cooking; 
the men- folks of. the bands who were- ■ 

2 4 


either less sociable or more rheu- 
matic and the crones of the tribe. 
Dirty children, some of the wedding' 
garment and some in dingy rags, 
were underfoot everywhere 'taking 
occasion to beg pennies from the as- 
sembled spectators. 

One old patriarch was superin- 
tendending operations. His whiskers 
grew free and unstrained to a good 
length. He wore scarlet silk skirt 
and stock, corduroy trousers and 
bright leather comic-opera boots. 
He smoked a long curved pipe that 
look as if it had been picked up 
along the banks of the Rhine. 


In this wild medley where every 
woman present seemed to be wear- 
ing all the Sunday-go- to-meetin' 
clothes in her wardrobe there was 
some difficulty in picking out the 
bride. But the veil that hung down 
her back from the wreath of artifi- 
cial flowers and fruit and gold coins 
around her black hair marked her. 
-She seemed about eighteen, comely 
as her race goes, vivid in a cerise 
jacket trimmed with wide white lace 
with bells on the flowing sleeves, 
with a skirt of red and a satin over- 
skirt of dark blue figured with bril- 
liant flowers. Around her neck hung 
scores of gold coins, and several 
strings of colored beads. In her ears 
were rings of gold of mammoth pro- 
portions, and on her brown bare arms 
exquisite bands of chased gold al- 
most three inches wide. She trip- 
ped the light fantastic in a pair of 
high- heeled patent leather shoes. 


But where was the bridegroom? 
Not entering into the dance but 
(hovering uneasily on the outskirts 

of the crowd according to the most 
approved modern form. A dark lit- 
tle fellow with an inconsequential 
growth of black hair on his upper 
lip, 'white glistening- ieoth, a brown 
velour hat, natty belted grey tweed 
suit, navy knit tie, patent leather 
shoes, thin gold watch chain across 
his vest and lots and lots of rings. 
As he chewed uneasily on the end of 
his banded cigar he presented a 
striking contrast in bis modern 
outfit to his bride her orthodox 
Romany regalia. It appeared upon 
conversation with the bridegroom 
that he scorned the more pictures- 
que attire, even the gay silk shirt, 
and that he danced only American 

The dance in progress in that tent 
was not American. What it was no 
one knows You got into it and 
grabbed whoever you wanted to 
and let your conscience, if you had 
one— be your guide. Your feet pro- 
ceeded according to instinct, not 
rote. Every now and then a woman 
with a brilliant yellow shawl and 
skirt would brake loose and lead the 
crowd around the room in a yelling 
snake-dance. The women who had 
babies and they seemed in the 
majority, didn't let that deter them. 
With babies in arms and cigarettes 
dangling from their mouths they 
stepped as lively as the rest, and it 
was all one to- the baby. 


Modern women with ten inch 
holders in which' they daintily stick 
a perfumed "Milo Violet" cigarette 
should go learn how to smoke from 
those Gypsies. The old crones 
around the stove, with faces as 
wrinkled and as hard as flint, handl- 



ed a cigarette like a soldier or a 
civil engineer. They stuck it into 
their faces and left it there, exud- 
ing lungfuls of smoke. And they 
held it with an unconscious non- 
chalance of as if it were a tried and 
familiar friend, about whose acqu- 
aintance there should be no for- 
mality. Evidently they acquired 
the habit early in life, as the two 
foot youngster smoking with the 
carelessness of a veteran testified. 

'1 he wedding feast was served 
about two o'clock on long tables. 
Following the feast, the crowd took 
up the dance again, and continued 

it at intervals until the sun had s;t. 
In the evening there were tribal in- 
cantations without melody or rhythm 
and obviously thickened by too much 

The Gypsies now at the Fair 
ground are of three tribes, the Rus- 
sian, Hungarian and Biazilan. Mike 
Demtro, the bridegroom is a Hung- 
arian, and his bride a Russian. 
Their marriage represented an in- 
ter-tribal alliance. 

It appears that only at this season 
of the year can marriage feasts be 
celebrated among the Gypsies. 

Louis H. Beck is a Georgian w::o is building monuments to his name 
while he lives. He has established trust funds to the amount of $75,000 
which is to be applied to the education of boys who are not able to pay 
their way through college — and in doing so he has set other prospective 
philanthropists a brilliant inspiration. — Charlotte Observer. 

The War Debt 

(Charity rnd Children.) 

Our allies in the late war owe us about ten billion dollars. A strong 
sentiment has develnpel in certain influential quarters in favor of the can- 
cellation of that vast debt and two reason are urged in favor of cancella- 

tion. One of them is that Europe 
is in such straitened circumstances 
that she never will be able to pay 
us except in gocds aid if the debts 
are paid in goods it will mean the 
stagnation and wreckage of Ameri- 
can business. The other reason is 
that if America does not cancel these 
obligations she will never be able 
to convince these friendly nations 
that she bore her share of the 
load in the prosecution of the war. 
This argument was recently made 
by Justice Clarke of the Supreme 
court of the United States. We fail 

to see any particular force in either 
of the reasons. The manufacturing 
business may be somewhat jarred 
by the importation of European 
goods into this country but the con- 
sumer would enjoy the benefit of 
the reduction in price that would 
inevitably follow: and the consumer 
is entitled to some consideration as 
well as the manufacturer. The oth- 
er reason is about the veriest non- 
sense ever submitted to reasonable 
beings. T his debt was honestly con- 
tracted.' We loaned our neighbors 
money,' and sold them material. 



When the time came we sent our 
boys across and turned the tide of 
battle. Now, we are told, if we do 
not make the allies a present of ten 
billion dollars, besides the stupen- 
dous sacrifice we made in giving our 
money and our men to the cause, 
these allies will never think so well 
of us again. Perhaps not. That is 
quite human, 'I he man in debt 
never loves the creditor who makes 
him pay, but does that justify the 
cancellation of the debt? If so, the 

debt problem would easily be solved! 
The process of collection is not 
pleasant, but it goes on every day 
just the same. Time should be 
given the prostrate nations to be 
sure, but they ought to be requir- 
ed to meet th 'ir honest obligations 
just as individuals are repaired to 
do. The sentiment that we should 
buy the favor of those who owe us 
by wiping out their debts is sillv. 
But it will probably be done. 

It is the dictate of patriotism to sacrifice yourself if you think that that 
is the path of honor and duty. Do not blame others if they do not agree 
with you. Do not die with bitterness in your heart because you did not 
convince the rest of the world, but die happy because you believe that you 
tried to serve your country by not selling your soul. — "Woodrow Wilson. 

Public Office Is A Public Trust. 

By John C. Calhom. 

So long as offices were considered as public trusts, to be conferred on 
the honest, the faithful, and capable, for the common good, and not for 
the benefit or gain of the incumbent or his party, and so long as it was 
the practice of the government to continue in office those who faithfully 
performed their duties, its patronage, in point of fact, ,vas limited, and 
could, of course, exercise but a moderate influence either over the body of 
the community or of the officeholders themselves. 

But when this practice was re- 
versed—when offices, instead of be- 
ing considered as public trusts to be 
conferred on the deserving, were re- 
garded as the spoils of victory to be 
bestowed as rewards for partisan 
services, without respect to merit; 
when it came to be understood that 
all who hold office hold by the ten- 
ure of partisan zeal and party ser- 
vice—it is easy to see that the cer- 
tain, direct, and inevitable tendency 
of such a state of things is to con- 

vert the entire body of those in of- 
fice info corrupt and supple instru- 
ments of power, and to raise up a 
host of hungry, greedy, and sub- 
servient partisans ready for every 
service, however base and corrupt. 

Were a premium offered for the 
best means extending to the utmost 
the power of patronage; to destroy 
the love of county, and to substitute 
a spirit of subserviency and man 
worship; to encourage vice and dis- 
courage virtue; and, in a word, to 



prepare for the subversion of liberty 
and the establishment of despotism, 
no scheme more perfect could be 
devised; and such must be the ten- 

dency of the practice, with what- 
ever intention adopted or to what- 
ever extent pursued. 

Pat was standing on deck one morning pulling up the anchor-rope: 
He pulled and pulled and pulled, until he lost patience. Then he yelled 
out: "I belave someone has teen down there and cut off the end of the 
rope. I cant foind it." 

An Alligator's Home. 

By Sidney Lanier. 
Some twenty miles from the mouth of the Ocklawaha River, at the right- 
hand edge of the stream, is the handsomest residence in America. It be- 
longs to a certain alligator of my acquaintance, a very honest and worthy 

saurian, of good repute. A little 
cover of water, dark green under 
the overhanging leaves, placid, 
curves rounds at the river edge into 
the flags and lilies, with a curve just 
heart-breaking for the pure beauty 
of the flexure of it. This house of my 
saurian is divided into apartments--- 
little bays which are scalloped out 
by the lily pads according to the 
fantasies of their growth. My sau- 
rian, when he desires to sleep, has 
but to lie down anywhere: he will 
find marvelous mosses for his mat- 
tress beneath him; his sheets will be 
white HI/ petals; and the green disks 
of the lily pads will straightway em- 
broider themselves together above 
him for his coverlet. 

He never quarrels with his cook, 
he is not the slave of a kithen, and 
his one housemaid--- the stream—for- 
ever sweeps his chambers clean. His 
conservatories there under the glass 
of that water are ever and without 
labor filled with the enchantments 
of strange underwater growths; his 
parks and his pleasure grounds are 
bigger than any king's. Upon my 
saurian's house the winds have no- 
power, the rains are only a new de- 
light to him, and the snows he will 
never see. Regarding fire, as he 
does not employ its slavery, so he 
does not fear its tyranny. Thus, all' 
the elements are the friends of my 
saurian's house. 

It is not the whirls and eddies that tell the course of the river, but the 
steady flow of its current. It is not the occasional effort that tells what 
our lives are, but the trend of the common days. — Forward. 


in ; ■•• ■ pj 

fil The Land Of Tne Beginning Again H 

p m 

a i 

HP "I wish that there were some wonderful place ifJJ 

|I| Called the Land of Beginning Again, |$j 

1^1 "Where all our mistakes, and all our heartaches 

JQ-J And all our poor selfish grief pf 

P§ Coidd be dropped like a shabby old coat at the door Ul 

li4 And never put on again. fe 

S3 W 

pj I wish we could come on it all tinware, jjjj 

&«I Like a hunter who finds a lost trail; j&S 

And I wish that the one whom our blindness had done 

gg The greatest injustice of all |.J 

OJ Could be at the gates, like an old friend that waits jQj 

(§i§ Tor the comrade he's gladdest to hail. §£2 

It wouldn't be possible not to be kind 

In the Land of Beginning Again; 
And the ones we misjudge, and the ones we begrudged 

Their moments of victory are here. 
Would find in the grasp of our loving hand clasp 

More than penitent lips could explain. 

So I wish that there were some wonderful place 

Called the Land of Beginning Again, 
"Where all our mistakes and all our heartaches 

And all of our poor, selfish grief 
Could be dropped like a shabby old coat at the door 

And never put on again." — Selected. 








What Would You Like To Do? 

If you Want to know whal you can do Well find what you life to do. A young 
woman who announced her intention of studying to he a trained nurse, happened 
io he with a camping parly when a young man who was peeling potatoes, cut his 
finger. The candidate for the training school caught sight of the hleeding finger 
and dropped in a faint. A young Woman with this sensitivenes would hace a seri- 
ous handicap in fitting herself to be a trained nurse and it is unlikely that she 
would ever really enjoy that profession. 

A brilliant young man after graduating from college, was offered a place in a 
business firm. His employer had a strong personal interest in him and Was ready 
10 adoance him in every way possible. But this young man enjoyed teaching, 
while the routine of business life Was to him drudgery. After trying the latter for 
a year he gave it up and entered the comparitively ill-paid occupation of teaching. 
"I am positive," he said when explaining (his action to his friends, "that I can never 
make a real success of work I dislike." And in that he Was absolutely right. 

The trouble with some people is thai they do not know what they do like, and 
they resemble sailors adrijt without a compass. If you do not know what you like 
to do, the chances for doing it satisfactorily are poor indeed. Such young people 
need more than any tiling else to make a business of self -discovery. It is a pity 
to be an unknown continent to yourself. After you have found out whal you lil(e 
to do you have something to go by but up to thai point yon are utterly in the dark- 

Institutional Notes. appetite - 

„ _ . Edgar Cope and a friend of his 

(Henry B. Faucette, Reporter.) visited ug Monday _ Cope wag & boy 

Boys have been cutting wood for at this school but now he is succed- 

the past week. in S m his new life - 

A water pipe leading to the barn Frank Thomason went home on a 

has been completed. This is a very visit to his home folks and proving 

important job. himself worthy of. the confidence 

placed in him came back. 

Claude Coley and Keith Hunt 

proudly escorted their parents a- Lonnie Walker, who took part in 

round the school last Wednesday. the Christmas entertainment, has 

gone home on an honorable parole 

The boys are sausage hungry, t o begin his new mode of living, 
therefore we had 15G5 lbs. of hog 

killed and dressed to gratify this Mr. R. B. Cloer of 5th Cottage 



has offered a prize to three boys in 
that cottage who have the best con- 
duct from now until July. 1 his is 
a fine proposition. 

As a result of the opening of 6th 
cottage new boys are arriving at 
the school. New boys necessitate 
more commitments and records. 
We are working hard in the print- 
ing office to get out these jobs. 

Gradually we are teaching more 
advanced studies. Resulting from 
the opening of the little room, more 
room and time for these studies is 
available. Civil Government and Be- 
ginners Study of Agriculture is now 
being taught 

Gaston county.because she believes 
that the Jackson 'I raining School 
was worthy of it, is building a cot- 
tage, which is now the 9th cottage. 
It makes one feel prond to know 
more people are beginning to be- 
lieve in the school. 

Last Wednesday was a day mem- 
orable in the hearts of all Guilford 
boys for on this day the Guilford Cot- 
tage was dedicated. A service in 
the Auditorium was held and the 
boys certainly enjoyed the speeches 
made. But this is spoken of else- 
where in this issue of The Uplift. 

For the first time in a good while 
Rev. Rawling of Concord spoke to the 
boys. As he said, he didut preach, 
because his topic, "work," wasn't a 
fit subject for a sermon. Just the 
same the boys enjoyed this as much 
as if he had preached. The boys 
hope that he will accept their cordial 
invitation of returning soon. 

Last Friday brought the hopes of 
all boys — snow. Early that morn- 

ing it began to snow. Flakes as- 
big as a dime came down. It snow- 
ed for a half -hour more or less, thea 
disappointment reigned. It stopped 
altogether. Visions of snow ball- 
ing, sleigh riding and skating vanish- 
ed with a pop! Now we live in 
eager anticipation of another longer 
and deeper snow. 

Friday afternoon, when the com- 
mand "Fall in" was given, Fred Blue 
was reported missing. Investigation 
revealed tnat he after making a fine 
record at this school had returned 
to his home on an honorable parole. 
He did his full duty at this school 
and discharged hi.-- duties to such 
degree that he deserved and receive- 
eci the admiration and respect of 
his companions and teachers. It is 
up to him. 

After school due to the cold weath- 
er, the boys run around the lawn. 
Usually in the summer when it is hot 
they run around once, now after 
school the call is "twice around." 
Immediately eighty-some boys are 
running to see who wins. Arvel 
Absher who is nick-named "Pat" 
is always at the end, for to bring in 
200 lbs. of weight is no easy job. 
But he believes in the smile. You 
never see him without the smile on 
his face. 

An interesting debate took place 
in 5th cittage last Friday night. 
'1 he society of this cottage is doirig 
fine. Soon it hopes to rank abo;e 
all other cottages. Creasman, Dav- 
is, Butler, Shipp, Hart, Absher and 
Willard helped make its program for 
that night better than it has ever 
been. Judges have been appoint?d 
to keep tally on the boys to s;e 
who has the best essay, debate or 



declamation and the one who they 
decide is best, his name will be 
published in this paper. 

Car Dairy Bain. 

Following the advertisement cal- 
ling foi bids for the erection of a 
Dairy Barn, the Executive Commit- 
tee met on the 18th and took up 
the consideration of the matter. 

The contract for the erection, in- 

cluding the installation of the equip- 
ment and two silos, was let to Mr. 
John R. Query, a local contractor 
who made a very satisfactory propo- 

This building will be the "last 
word" in dairy barn construction and 
equipment. Its capacity will accomo- 
date 40 milkers, having also six ma- 
ternity stalls, feed rooms etc. 

Work will begin at once. 

1 1 


Issued Weekly — Subscription $2.00 
VOL. X CONCORD N. C. JAN. 28, 1922, NO. 12 

* * 

% t 

:| Esse Quam Videri. | 

* * 

* * 

True worth is in being, not seeming, & 

4* In doing each day that goes by £ 
*j. Some little good, not in dreaming 

Of great things to do by and by. ♦ 

•> For whatever men say in blindness ,♦♦ 
\ And in spite of the fancies of youth, 

There's nothing so kindly as kindness, ♦ 

■!► And nothing so royal as t.uth ,j» 

<. —Alice Cary. * 

t * 

* * 

****2**2 , *i , *S 






Between the South and Washington and Mew York 

North bo und 



No. 36 

No. 138 

No. 38 

No. 30 

Iv Terminal Station (Cent. Time 

No. 29 

No. 37 

Ho. 137 

No. 35 


11. 30AM 

12.30 noon 


4.50 PM 




12.40 PM 


Iv 1 Peachtree Station (Cent. Time 

) ar 


5.30 PM 




4.50 PM 

5.50 PM 


ar CREENVILLE.S.C. (East. Time 

> Iv 



1.00 PM 


7.35 AM 



10.40 PM 





11.5: AM 




9.05 PM 







9.05 PM 







2.05 AM 








ar High Point, N. C. 


12. 45AM 



6.27 PM 


10.50 PM 






7.35 AM 


5. 58PM 





ar Winaton-Salem, N. C. 




5.30 AM 

3.05 PM 




10. 45AM 

ar RalcU-h, N. C. 


7.00 PM 






1 00 AM 




10.52 PM 

6. 10AM 





ar Norfolk, Va. 


7.35 AM 



9.35 PM 




or Richmond, Va. 












9.00 PM 

4.15 AM 











9.50 PM 






ar BALTMORE, MD., Penna. Sya. 














5.47 PM 



11.24 AM 

12.35 PM 






5.35 PM 



1.30 PM 



ar NEW YORK, Penna. System 



5.05 PM 



;on. Columbus, Atlai 


No». 37 and 36. NEW YORK & NEW ORLEANS LIMITED. Solid Pull,, 
New Orleans, Mor.ii--.m-r.. Atlanta, Washington and New York. Sleeping car 
Club car. Library-Obiervalion car. No coaches. 

Noi 137 & 133. ATLANTA SPECIAL. Drawing room sleeping can bctwaen .'■ 
Washington-San Francisco touriit sleeping car southbound. Dining car. Coachei 

Noi. 29 & 30. BIRMINGHAM SPECIAL. Drawing room deeping car. between Bir 
San Franciaco-Washinglon touriit sleeping car northbound. Sleeping car between Rich). 

Nob. 35 & 36. NEW YORK. WASHINGTON. ATLANTA & NEW ORLEANS EXPRESS. Drawing room deeping i 
Orleans Montgomery, Birmingham, Atlanta and Washington and New York. Dining car. Coaches. 

Note; Noa. 29 and 30 use Peachtree Street Station only at Atlanta. 

Note: Train No. 138 connects at Waihington with "COLONIAL EXPRESS," through train to Boston via Hell Gate Bridge Route, 
leaving Washington 8.15 A. M. via Penna. System. 

. Washington and Naw York. 

i between New 

The Uplift 



The Authority of the Stonewall Jackson Manual Trrining and Industrial School. 
Type-Setting by the Boy's Printing Class. Subscription Two Dollars the year in 

JAMES P. COOK, Editor. 

JESSE C. FISHER, Director Printing Department 

Entered as second-class matter Dec. 4, 1920, at the Post Office at Concord, N. 
C, under the Act of March 3, 1879 


Carrying out the expressed purpose of the North Carolina Press Associa- 
tion to urge upon the membership to "carry on" for a year or more on 
subjects selected by a committee to bring about a study of what the State 
has, what she aims at, what she is doing and hopes yet to do, The Uplift 
here reproduces the second selection which that committee has chosen. 
It's Aycock's message. Aycock is dead, but he still lives, as good, patriot- 
ic men, who seek to aid their fellow men, will live in the hearts of men 
and on the pages of their history. 

AYCOCK'S DREAM: "We have indeed gone far in North Carolina. A 
recent writer has declared that the progress of a state may be de- 
termined by things which are now done as a matter of course which 
used to be the subject of debate. Tested by this stand?rd North Caro- '"'" 
Una has advanced rapidly. fin 

The right of ev^ry child to a public school education is no longer a 
subject of controversy, but is acknowledged by everyone. 

The duty and wisdom of adequatd, excellent bublic roads is not 
only acknowledged by everybody but has recently been emphasized by 
by the mud through which we have slowly dragged ourselves to the 
market of the state. 

The right of children to be safeguarded in the time of their growth 
and development against overwork in factories, is a right which no one 
now disputes. 

The duty of carying for the afflicted, whether due to age or infir- 
mity, has been translated into so beautiful an application and has 
been performed with such steadiness as to render one who would now 

• 9f > J isbnu ,br ,noii 


deny it contemptible in the sight of all the people. 

And no more does anyone, whatever may be his view about the effif- 
ciecy of prohibition, ever expect to see again the dominance of 
the barroom and whisky still in the civic and political life of this 
great State of ours. 

We are entering upon a new day— the day of equality of opportu- 
nity. EQUAL! That is the word! On that word I plant myself and 
my party— the equal right of every child born on earth to have the 
opportunity 'to burgeon out all there is within him.'" 


Commissioner of Revenue Watts, of the State Tax Department, has ruled 
tha! all state officers including the judges are liable for the income tax. 
Why not? It occurs to a layman and mosi any man up a tree that it was 
an uns' und privilege taken with the law heretofore that the law has not 
reached thjse on salary in the service of the state. 

We contend for the equality of people before the law. That sounds 
good, and is good; but such is not the case when a class may not have to 
respond to the requirement if a law that touches others. Watts is right; 
and paying his own income for the first one of all of the thousands of peo- 
ple subject to the law and who have the qualification of being in such hap- 
py environment and condition, Col. Watts has set an example O. K. 

• *•***•• 


The United States census keeps on revealing matters in which North 
Carolina is justified in taking great pride. The total population is 2,599,- 
123, of which 1,783,779 are white; of these 1,665,379 or 93.4 percent, are 
natives of North Carolina. 6.2 percent of the whites are natives of other 
states of the Union and only four-tenths of one percent of the white popu- 
lation are of foreign birth. No other state in the whole country can sur- 
pass this. 

Where North Carolina is, is always at the head of the table. 

• ••***»• 


For days a conspicuous trial has been going on in which a man's life is 
being sought for the taking of the life of another. In all hard-fought 
cases, where able and astute people are striving for their sides of the ques- 
tion, there is bound, under the pressure and the excitement of examination, 


direct and cross, for statements to be made that are not true or are very 
much colored. 

But when in the course of the trial things of off color, or suggesting the 
sordid things in life and conduct, are about to be touched upon, we can- 
not understand why a woman, who is not required by order of court to be 
present, should desire to sit in such an atmosphere and environment. 
While this feature is hard to understand, it is infinitely more difficult to 
reason out why a teacher would head a class of school children in their teens 
and carry them into such a setting. 

We are drifting, and drifting. Back to your tents! 

Pope Benedict, of the Roman Catholic Church, is dead. He was the head 
of the church; he stood high among men---beloved by his followers and 
esteemed by] the masses. Though occupying the higest ecclesiastical place 
within his church he was just a man. There is, however, something pecu- 
liarly engaging to follow up the pomp and ceremony attending the death 
of this high dignatary of the Roman church, and how man brings about 
his successor to the throne. It is already figured out that the successor 
will be an Italian, beeause the Italians outnumber in the College whose busi- 
ness it is to find another Pope. 

Their distinguished predecessors, who forced on the State Board of 
Education, by virtue of being in the majority, a set of "obsolete school 
books," will, if the recent brilliant findings and recommendations of the 
recent Text Book Commission, after a year's incessant and expert investig- 
ation, are closely followed, have the satisfactory laugh on the work of 
their successors- -that is, if the effects were not so serious. More and 
more the child is being forgotten, to play homage to the tyranny of theory 
which changes nearly as frequently as the seasons. 

A fine insight into the spirit that animates their organization, and into 
a knowledge of the quiet and steady accomplishments of the faithful band 
of women, known as The King's Daughters, may be gained by the reading 
of the President's address and the Secretary's report, at the recent meeting 
of the Convention. These interesting papers are to be found elsewhere in 
this number of The Uplift. 

If the people in>Watauga about Blowing Rock and at various places in 


the "lost provinces" do not, when the time comes (and may that 
appropriate time be removed scores of years hence), rear monuments to 
the memory of Col. Wade Harris, for the manifestations ( f his abiding in- 
terest in and love for their sections, in fine old summer times and even in 
the dead winter, thev are not the kind of p oj le we take them to be. 

"Inner Mission - What Is It," reproduced in The Uplift, is a perfect 
answer to a life that would dedicate itself alone to its own and its immediate 
family connections, It is a challenge to mankind, which happily, as the 
years pass, is seeing more clearly the call and is learning how to heed the 

*t* *J**$ , ****J» *J | «$» *$• *J*tj+*j* ♦£""$*♦£-»«$* *£**$• *J* *♦■* *+•• •■♦■• -^* *$• ^* *$• *5* *5* *$» *$• *$* **•• *J* ^» *3* *I**I* **+ ^■*-*5 # -^» *J* ^* »J* *5* *$» ^* >$• *^ *5* >J» *$*•$• ^ "5^ 


<♦ *- 

+*< *i* 

|> Two Neighbors came before Jupiter and prayed him to grant *• 

+** *!* 

* their hearts' desire. Now the one was full of avarice, and the ♦ 
*i+ *i* 

* other eaten up with envy. So to punish them both, Juoiter grant- ♦ 
*** *** 
<♦ ed that each might have whatever he wished for himself, but only ♦ 
+*« *!? 
♦> on condition that his neighbor had twice as much. The Avaricious A 

,♦, man prayed to have a room full of gold. No sooner said than dene; »> 

but all his joy was turned to grief when he found that his neigh- 

* bor had two rooms full of the precious metal. Then came the turn ♦:♦ 
of the Envious man, who could not bear to think that his neighbor ♦ 


had any joy at all. So he prayed that he might have one of his * 

eyes put out by which his companion would become totally blind. ♦ 


* t 


There's Place In Life For The Anecdote. 

NATCHITOCHES IN LOUISIANA: This is a State College town, where 
Louisiana maintains a school for the education of its young women. It oc- 
cupies — the city does — a site along by the banks of the Red River This 
river in time, when on a rampage, changed its channel, taking another course 
through the loose and made-up or filled in soil of that section. When I saw 
this spot, there was a deep, wide and dry channel, with a splendid iron bridge 
spanning it. The stream went oft and left the bridge. But thai; bridge ser- 

ves a good purpose, connecting the old 
part of the city with a newly develop- 
ed settlement on the other side of the 
deserted Red River channel. 

But this channel is not altogether 
useless. When during the early 
Spring the streams of that very moist 
state become swollen from the usual 
heavy precipitation, water is backed 
up into the old channel. Then it is 
that smart man gets busy. He has 
cargoes of goods, farm supplies and 
other necessities shipped into Natchi- 
toches through the old channel then a 
raging river with an enormous depth 
of water. The city by virtue of this 
secures a very low rate of freight. 

So much for the city in the centre 
of the State of Louisiana. I started 
out with another purpose in view. 
Though under the head of "Anec- 
dote," I want to tell a real story 
about a real occurrence. Cleverer 
people than the Louisianans never liv- 
ed. They have peculiarities, of course, 
that belong to them; but this may 
have changed since I saw their doings 
some fifteen years ago. It was dur- 
ing the worst snow storm of the very 
few that ever visited that state, when, 
one Sunday night, I blew into Natchi- 
toches (it took me a day to learn to 
pronounce the city's name.) I went 
to a hotel, whose first or lobby floor 

was on a level with the pavement, at 
what I afterwards found was a most 
prominent corner. I registered. Just 
one room left. It seemed to be a 
busy night, and the guest were num- 
erous. Having been assigned to my 
room, I returned to the office. I tried 
to engage the clerk in a conversation, 
but his interest seemed- to be rivetted 
on a corner of the office where five or 
six men, in full view of the passers-by 
on the street, with piles of ' ' chips ' ' 
on a flannel covered table were, as I 
afterwards ascertained, continuing a 
poker game that had been going on 
the entire day. 

I asked the clerk to let me have a 
cigar. "Can't do it; the law does 
not allow us to sell cigars on Sunday," 
the clerk informed me. "What are 
those men doing back yonder in the 
corner, ' ' I inquired. ' ' They are 
playing poker," he innocently and 
freely answered. "Why, this is in 
public, before people returning from 
church and Sunday, too, how's that?" 
That clerk looked at me as if I was 
from the very heart of ignorance and 
replied: "Don't you know the law 
does not forbid poker playing in Lou- 
isiana?" I didn't. 

To tell a free-born man that he dare 
not have a cigar, but he may play pok- 
er in public, and on Sunday night, was 



very disconcerting:, or words to that 

I saw a talking machine on the show 
ease. Aimlessly but possibly fol- 
lowing- the cravings of the inner man, 
I picked out a record, "Home Sweet 
Home. ' ' I dropped in my nickle and 
started the thing to grinding, when 
suddenly the clerk rushed angrily 
towards me, exclaiming: "Don't you 
see that, sign? My father (he was the 
owner and proprietor of the hotel) 
died two weeks ago and mother and I 
decided that out of respect to his 
memory, we would keep the talking 
machine quiet for thirty days. ' ' 
Beautiful sentiment ! But it never 
occurred to that young man and his 
mammy that maintaining a gambling 
table in the lobby of their hotel was 
disrespectful to the memory of a de- 
parted father and husband. Queer 
folks ! 

Going down the railroad that leads 
from Lake Providence, which is some 
steen feet lower than the bed of the 
Mississippi River, and headed for a 
point to cross over the Mississippi to 
Xatches, my seat companion hap- 
pened to be a young Deal, formerly of 
the Enochville, Rowan county, set- 
tlement. I was telling him of what 
I saw at Natchitoches, and making 
comments predicated on what was re- 
garded correct custom and moral be- 
havior in North Carolina. An old gray 
whiskered gentleman, seated just 
across the aisle, seemed to be taking 
no little note of the drift of our con- 
versation and our open condemnation 
of certain practices that we saw in 
the great state of Louisiana. When 
I remarked, "If I were to go back 
to North Carolina and do just, one 
time what I see folks do here fre- 

quently, I would be ruled out of polite 
society. ' ' This was too much for the 
old gentleman, and he-broke in. "I beg- 
your pardon, but may I join your con- 
versation ? 1 heard what you said 
about being ruled out of good society 
in North Carolina, and I wish to say 
that if you lived in Louisiana long- 
and did here like folks in North 
Carolina are accustomed to do, you 
would be ostracised here." 

The old man said he was a Judge of 
the Court, that he was then enronte 
to hold court, that he himself had the 
night before been in a social poker 
game at his own home, with a neigh- 
bor, from whom he had won twenty 
dollars. The law does not forbid it, 
and the old timers regard it the great 
social game. " " By the way, ' ' having 
closed the poker subject, the old Judge 
asked, "How far are you from Da \ id- 
son College?" I told him. Then he 
remarked, "I had a son to graduate 

there in , with high honors. He 

became a doctor, and connected with 
the U. S. Health department went to- 
the Philippines for a government ser- 
vice. I had noticed two weeks ago that 
he had died and that his body was 
now enroute home." Just then I 
saw big, sad tears trickling down the 
old Judge's cheeks, and when he left 
the train at the next station he bade 
me a cordial goodby with an urgent 
request to stop over and spend the 
night with him on my return. He 
wanted to talk about Davidson Col- 
lege and Charlotte, which he had 
visited and admired. 

I didn't get back that way, but I 
was impressed with the smallness of 
this country. To meet a Rowan boy, 
who had read my own paper and 
quoted things from it years after- 


■wards, either funny or serious, and re- ters in this section from a personal 
mained with him ; and to meet an aged contact, why, it was real fascinating. 
Judge, deeply interested in local mat- 

"When every farmer in the South shall eat bread from his own fields 
and meat from his own pastures, and disturbed by no creditor, and enslav- 
ed by no debt, shall sit amid his teeming gardens, and orchards and 
vineyards, and daries and barnyards, pitching his crops in his own wis- 
dom and growing them in independence, making cotton his clean sur- 
plus, and selling it in his own time, and in his chosen market, and not at 
a master's bidding — getting his pay in cash and not in a receipted mortg- 
age that discharges his debt, but does not restore his freedom — than shall 
be the breaking of the fullness of our day. ' ' — Henry W. Grady. 

Reciprocal Love And Interest. 

'I here were many children in this home— the house was filled to its com- 
fortable capacity: hut in the mother's heart there was room for one more. 
A little six-year old girl left homeless and motherless had been taken in by 
this tender-hearted mother as her own until other arrangements for the 
•care of the child could be affected. 

This mother, like all well-to-do heav?nward as the stiff winds pres- 
rural folks, had her chickens and sed back her brown locks about her 
on this occasion she had her time cherub face, cried aloud: "Oh, God, 
pretty well taken up in looking aft- p 1-e-a-s-e don't let it rain till my 
er a drove of young turkeys. One mama gets her turkeys up " When 
hot, sultry afternoon an angry-look- the drove of turkeys was safely 
ing cloud formed in the west. Fork- housed and the motherly woman had 
ed lightening had already begun to reached her domicile, the downpour 
flash across the heavens, and the began, and to this day the old folks 
wind was blowing a stiff gale. The speak of the terrific rain that visit- 
frugal house-wife thought of her ed that section. The kind-hearted, 
turkeys, and in haste she sought to motherly woman stooDed and kissed 
get them to safety before the the little orphan and said: "well, 
storm broke in all its fury. Annie, I believe your little prayer 

The little girl followed her adopt- was heard." 

ed mother to the door, and, realiz- There was a period when orphan 

ing that there was something out homes did not exist, but there were 

of the ordinary and that excitement mothers who did the part of aepart- 

prevailed, she put her head out of ed mothers--a beautiful service of 

the door i hat stood just ajar and unselfishness and Lo^e. 
with her litcle blue eves turned 

"Merely being rich doesn't get a man very far in North Carolina these 
days. ' ' — Greensboro News. 





By Mrs. Ada Rogers Gorman. 

An ocean voyage of forty-eight hours from New York brings us to this 
veritable paradise. Within three miles of Hamilton, the Ocean Liner 
transfers her passengers to a Tender, which. beais us through the shallow 
water to the dock. 

Looking over the boat rail into 
the bluest water you ever dreamed 
of, one is wont to think of the wing- 
ed chariot of the God of Day gives 
this wonder blue for night here; and 
the ship in casting her anchor has 
bumped against the moon. The re- 
flection of white sail bespeaks the 
poetry of motion; blackened weather 
beaten hulls add tragedy and pathos 
to the song of the sea. 

By the water's edge, nest'ing on 
the hillside, and in the valleys are 
seen cottage, villa and mansion dot- 
ting the green landscape of curving 
coasts, cedar groves and palmetto 
crowned hilltops. Among the tree 
tops chimneys and sloping roofs ap- 
pear as if covered with new fallen 
snow; and water sheds built of cor- 
al on the sides of the hills, look like 
a sheet of writing- paper on a green 
felt cloth. 

There three hundred and fifty-five 
islands, divided and broken in the 
blue waters of the Atlantic, are 
built upon the summit of a subma- 
rine mountain. 

Bermuda was settled by the Eng- 
lish in the early part of the seven- 
teenth century, immortalized by 
Shakespeare in the "Tempest" and 
later by Tomas Moore, the Irish Po- 
et, who lived there several years. 

During the civil war the harbor 
was a busy center. Supplies for 
the Southern States were here trans- 
ferred to the blockade runners, and 

if not captured, a return cargo of 
cotton was brought to Bermuda to be 
reshipped to England, the most abid- 
ing visual impression of Bermuda. 

The sweet scented air, delicate tin- 
ting of the sky, bewildering shades 
and color of water of flowers wel- 
come the tourist. Hibiscus, laden 
with crimson blossoms Rubber trees 
sixty feet high, with wide 
spreading branches, fill yon with 
wonder; Nasturtiums, Bougain-vil- 
led and Geraniums, make terraces 
and stone walls a riot of color. 

The "Sea Gardens" are visited in 
a glass bottom boat. This glimpse 
of Nature's wonderland you have is 
a fantasy in minature. Coral bran- 
ches wave, like grass is a meadow 
blown by a zephyr wind; sea fern, 
brain and leaf coral from tiny hills 
and vales. The waving tendrills ap- 
pears so unreal and so alluring, that 
the diver at the request of many, 
secures the specimen we so eagerly 
select. That! a green colored 
smelly branch of coral out of its nat- 
ural environment, becomes a with- 
ered wreath. People- -like coial 
away from the environment they love 
sicken and die. 

1 he captain ox the boat, a native 
said, ( s he held a small stone in his 
hand) 'They are digging an arte- 
sian well on the Island, at six hun- 
dred and eighty feet they find this, 
it is not silicate, but limestone. 
The lime that was thrown up_ by 



volcanic action is so porous that 
fresh warter has never been found. 
I bcugnt an Italian abandoned ves- 
sel once, sunkened on a reef. 
Against the judgement of divers, I 
decided to go over the boat, fully 
accoutred, descended, wandered in 
and out of her roon s, when I 
found myself a prisoner. By sec- 
urely fastening the cord that fur- 
nished me air, 1 kept alive five hours 
and with signals given by jerks, 
help was sent me. I found the up- 
per deck had a large hole burned in 
her, and could never be raised." 

These coast are called the grave- 
yard of the iAtlantic. Old ships de- 
cay; the tiny torridi worm boring 
in the wood, each worm making a 
different path, reduce the wood to 
a pulp and die; the decay of it and 
the insect, are making the coral 

The tourist, passing fields of As- 
cension Lilies, revels in their beauty, 
and hears the mighty paen of the 
Resurrection Morn their blossoming 
ever sings. 

Sunny land of contentment, where 
fish sport in blue waters and flowers 
of every hue that bloom on land, 
answer back to the ages that Solo- 
mon was not arrayed like one of us. 

These expressions of God's love 
bring the tourist to Bermuda; wel- 
come the overworked and aged with 
the living semblance of youth and 
strength in the flower festival of the 
island, caressed by blue waters, pro- 
tected by fir trees, dark and defiant, 
kissed by the sun and lulled by the 
silver moon in the world of silent 

So does Nature's God keep open 
the gates of her everlasting hospital- 
ity to him who visits the island. 

Lost, yesterday, somewhere between sunrise and sunset, two golden 
hours, each set with sixty diamond minutes. No reward offered, for they 
are gone forever. — Horace Mann. 


Running the risk of jarring the sense of professional ethics whose tyranny 
•often enslaves and creates embarrassing situations we are taking a story from 
the front page of the Monroe Enquirer, of last week, a story about a mar- 
velous surgical operation performed on the contributor of that article. He 
names the hospital, the chief operator, the doctor that diagnosed his trouble 
and sent him to the right place — it's a human interest story and every word 
sounds like the genuine truth. 

The hospital can not announce the 
wonderful accomplishment — it would 
be unethical; the surgeon can not 
publicly announce his masterful op- 
peration — it would be unethical, and 
to do so would cause his explusion 
from the medical society; the doctor 

at Monroe, coming in for much praise 
for his judgment and skill, as he clear- 
ly deserves, could not go about in 
public proclaiming that he discovered 
what was ailing this man Hinson — 
it would be unethical, and he'd suffer 
a charge of unprofessionalism. Oh, 


such tyranny. There may be hun- 
dreds of others in the state suffering 
and wasting away just like Hinson 
was, but they don't know where to go 
or what to do. '•Out of the gratitude 
he holds for those who brought re- 
lief to him, Hinson publicly calls 
names out in open meeting, as he 
ought to have done. 

Speaking of the tyranny of pro- 
fessional ethics, a peculiar circum- 
stance came to light recently. An 
old hysterical and poverty stricken 
subject was crying aloud for a doctor. 
Charitable folks offered to go to her 
rescue; the county health officer was 
sought — he ' was away ; then another 
physician was called but he declined 
even for pay, because the case be- 
longed to the county officer; but 
under the law, as now written, there 
was no obligation even upon the coun- 
ty officer. So the suffering case went 
unattended, all because of the lame- 
ness of the law, on one hand, and the 
absurd tyranny of man-made ethics 
on the other hand. But just see what 
Hinson has to say : 

As the operation that I have re-, 
cently subjected myself to at the 
Presbyterian hospital at Charlotte 
seems, to a great many people, one 
of the wonders of the age. I feel that 
it is my duty to humanity and the 
operating surgeons to make a few 
statements in regard to my condition 
before and since the operation : 

For the past five or six years I 
have suffered untold agony. Consult- 
ed several physicians of acknowledg- 
ed skill in diagnosis of human ills. 
Took medicine from same as well as 
some patent medicines, all to no re- 
lief. I dieted myself and tried to get 
relief that way, but failed. I had 

heart, lung and kidney tests all made 
and these organs pronounced in good 
shape by supposed medical experts. 
My condition all the time grew worse. 
Could scarcely get my coat on with- 
out help. Almost more than I could 
do to turn on bed or get off the bed. 
Was not able and could not do man- 
ual labor. My body all the time be- 
coming more and more stooped and 
turned to the left. My appetite re- 
mained good all the time. 

Laboring all the time under the de- 
lusion or belief that it was rheuma- 
tism and did not know any better 
until the 17th of last November I 
went to the office of Dr. Edd J. Wil- 
liams, of Monroe, and asked him to 
make a thorough physical examina- 
tion of my body. He diagnosed my 
case, located the trouble and advised 
having some X-ray pictures to be 
taken. The X-rays were made and 
his diagnosis of my condition sustain- 
ed. The next and only thing that was 
held out to me, with any reasonable 
degree of hope of bettering condition 
by Dr. Edd J. Williams and Dr. W. 
M. Scruggs, of Charlotte, was an op- 
eration requiring the most practical 
and mechanical skill. 

I'll admit that, to me, it was a most 
trying dose. It seemed that it was a 
choice between an operation and 
something worse. I chose the opera- 
tion. So on the morning of the 28th 
of last November at the Presbyterian 
hospital at Charlotte I turned myself 
calmly over to the care of Dr. W. M. 
Scruggs. I was under the operation, 
two hours and a half, during which 
time a piece of bone, I judged, three- 
eighth of an inch thick, one inch 
wide and 12 or 14 inches long from. 
the shin of my left leg was taken and 



grafted into niy backbone. The back- 
bone being grooved out, one inch in 
depth for the graft. 

I revived in one hour from the 
effects of the eher, and was not sick 
from it. I was in bed for thirty- 
seven days and was able during all 
that time to turn myself from one 
side of the bed to the other, could 
move my leg at any time from one 
place to another without pain, and 
was never sick five minutes while in 
the hospital. Sit propped up in bed 
at pleasure for six or eight days just 
before leaving. Began walking around 
in my room Thursday evening and 
on the following Saturday made the 
trip to Monroe on automobile with 
Dr. Scruggs. Have been at home just 
a little over a week. My general con- 
dition is much improvd. 

I have written this without solici- 
tation on the part of any one. The 
object being to give my friends and 
the inquiring minded a concise state- 
ment of facts in regard to my par- 
ticular case. 

Where the graft was taken out of 
my leg was filled in full and complete 
in four weeks. 

In closing I feel that I would not 
show myself appreciative and fail to 
give due credit to Dr. Edd J. Wil- 
liams if I did not give him a tip for 
his diagnosis of my case. For at that 
time I saw- nothing but a miserable 
existence for me. It seems to have 
been the breaking of a new day for 
me. Thanks to and for the skill of 
Dr. W. M. Scruggs. 


New York's motion picture commission has sent out 477 scenes during 
its first year, 85 as indecent, 54 as crime-inciting, and 61 as immoral. It 
is to be hoped that all the other states get the benefit of the activity of the 
New York censors. But do they? — News & Observer. 

Beware The Nulliiiers 0! The Law 


Recently one of our Superior Court judges, instructing the grand jury 
referred to the agitation for the abolition of capital punishment, and empha- 
sized the fact that it was neither the duty of the court nor of the jurors to 
discuss the merits of capital punishment, but that it is the duty of courts and 
juries, so long as the law is on the statute books, to see that it is enforced 
and enforced all the time. 

That judge was doing no more thai 
his duty, but under the conditions 
now prevailing he deserves commen- 
dation for emphasizing a fact which 
there is an apparent, determined and 
well-organized effort to becloud. I re- 

fer to the well-organized propaganda 
in this State for the abolition of capi- 
tal punishment through the nullifica- 
tion of the law. I might as well say 
here that I favor capital punishment 
and believe that it is both just and 



necessary. But I repeat what I have 
often said in discussing this matter, 
not by way of apology but simply 
out of regard for liberty of opinion, 
that I have no quarrel with those who 
would abolish the death penalty so 
long as they would abolish it by 
changing the statute, in the regular, 
orderly way and not by nullification. 
I have little patience with the extre- 
mists who have recently discovered 
that the death penalty is contrary to 
the law of God, and assuming to 
speak for the Almighty brand as mur- 
derersthose who execute the law and 
all who approve its excution. But I 
have not come to discuss the death 
penalty per se. I am calling attention 
to the persistent and insistent at- 
tempts to nullify the law and the 
dangerous tendency of the proceed- 

The agitators will probably, deny 
that their purpose is nullification and 
contend that they seek abolition in 
the regular way. That is of course 
their ultimate purpose, but in the 
meantime all newspaper readers 
have observed the strenuous and de- 
termined efforts to prevent the execu- 
tion of the law. Every execution is 
written up as a horror and facts are 
ignored in the appeal to sentiment 
and sympathy. The whole State wit- 
nessed the violent and vicious assault 
made on the Governor not long since 
when he refused to commute a death 
sentence. A powerful and determin- 
ed effort was made to force the Chief 
Executive of the State to set aside 
the law, regardless of his conscientious 
conviction, and with a weaker man 
it would have succeeded. The stand 
of the Governor against that fearful 
onslaught has given the nullification- 

ists pause, and they are not so hope- 
ful of success in that direction as they 
were. But the judiciary has received 
and will receive their attention. Re- 
ports that judges on the Supreme 
Court and Superior Court judges were 
weak on capital punishment or out 
and out opponents of the law have 
frequently been reported with mani- 
festations of great pleasure at the 
accession or possible accession of 
such influence to the ranks of those 
opposing the death penalty, along 
with high commendation of the judges 
who come out against "murder by the 
the State." On one occasion at least, 
if not more than one, justices of the 
Supreme Court were highly commend- 
ed for asking the Governor to com- 
mute sentences — to do what the justi- 
ces could And no authority in law for 

If the Legislature should abolish the 
death penalty, well and good, no mat- 
ter how much I may question the 
wisdom of such course. Sometimes 
I think possibly it might be a good 
idea t.o give the matter a trial; and 
in saying that I am convinced that 
the trial would hardly last longer 
than another Legislature could 
assemble. What I am protesting here 
and now is the apparent and deter- 
mined purpose to secure abolition of 
capital punishment through the nul- 
lification of the law, this to be done 
through the judges who are willing 
to set aside a law of which they do 
not personally approve, and through 
the Governor when he can be eon- 
trolled. It is hardly necessary to 
say to unprejudiced and unbiased peo- 
ple that a judge who will make no 
effort to execute a law he does not 
approve; on the cohtrary uses his po- 



sition to nullify it, is not only unfit for 
judicial position, he is unworthy and 
is not to be trusted. That will be ad- 
mitted, I believe, without serious ar- 
gument ; for it must be admitted by 
all who think that a judge who would 
nullify one law because he did not 
approve it would nullify another if it 
suited his purpose so to do. If his 
conscience does not permit him to im- 
pose the death penalty, then if he is 
the honorable man he should be he 
will get oft' the bench. The use of his 
position to set aside law would be 
dishonorable and the man who will 
do that is not to be trusted. 

I am not denying to the judiciary 
the privilege of opinion as to the 
wisdom of the laws. They not only 
have that right, but their opinion, 
based on their experience in admin- 
istering the law, is valuable. Neither 
am I denying the right of the judic- 
iary to suggest changes in the law and 
to use their influence, within proper 
bounds, to have changes made. The 
people I am after are those who are 
so far gone on this matter of capital 
punishment that they feel that any 
effort, any means that can be used to 
prevent the infliction of the death 
penalty, is entirely justified and that 
they are doing God 's service in pre- 
venting the execution of the law by 
any means in their power. I don't 
want men who feel that way about any 
law on the bench administering the 
law; and I don't want one of that 
type elected to the bench. 

I am aware that it will be said 
that our judges or those who may be 

elected judges are too honorable to 
take an oath with a mental reserva- 
tion to observe it only as it fits their 
preconceived opinions. That would 
be so ordinarily, but we've got to 
recognize conditions as they are, not 
as they should be. I am warning 
against the danger of having on the 
bench, or elevating to the bench, men 
who may be as extreme in their op- 
position to capital punishment, or to 
any law, as many of the anti-capital 
punishment agitators are. The judge 
who feels that the infliction of the 
death penalty is a crime, as many of 
agitators are teaching it is, would 
consider it his duty to save from the 
extreme penalty all who came into his 
court charged with a capital felony. 
To win judicial honors one who holds 
such views could easily persuade him- 
self' that he was doing God's service if 
he practiced deception to get on the 
bench so that he could prevent the 
execution of a law he abhors. 

I don't know of my own knowledge 
that any of the judges on the bench 
have reached the extreme mentioned. 
But in view of the intensity of the 
agitation and the extreme views of 
the agitators, it is the duty of all 
good citizens, no matter what their 
views on capital punishment, to use 
their influence to put on the bench 
men who will not only enforce all laws 
but enforce them impartially. That 
should be kept in mind when candi- 
dates for judge are named this year 
and two years hence. Men who are 
more just than God are hardly fitted 
to administer judgments here below. 

Profanity never did any man the least good. No man is richer, happier, 
or wiser for it. It recommends no one to society; it is disgusting to re- 
fined people and abominable to the good. 




Number (VIII) : Animals. 

The Animals we 'found on the farm were numerous, and most of them were 
interesting to study and follow up to find what they did and why? Those fit 
for game and shooting for food were limited to three in number. But the 
smaller tribe of rats and such were alwaj's present and plentiful, and in spite 
of the annual slaughter on the part of boys, dogs and eats they were still plen- 
tiful and always destroying anything they could eat and cut to pieces for beds. 

The animals we knew and called A very peculiar specimen was a mouse 

by name were : Rabbit, squirrel, o 'pos- 
sum, mink, weasel, flying-squirrel, rats, 
mice and mole. The rat and mice 
family we divided into many sections. 
The house rat and house mouse, both 
of which sometimes strayed to the 
fields and made homes there. The 
ground or "sloe" rat, with tail little 
longer than a mole, but about the size 
of the barn rat, with very short legs 
and powerful teeth. Its home was in 
banks of elevated earth, and it liked 
thick grass, under which it cut paths, 
so as to travel on the ground. "When 
grass fields were burned Ave found the 
paths going in most all directions. 
The field mice we knew were of four 
distinct species, two of them rare. 
One a little different from the house 
mouse, but very plentiful : A larger 
bluish drab mouse that infested sedge 
fields more than elsewhere, making- 
nests mostly of straw, but having bur- 
rows also. Once 1 plowed up a nest 
of young ; the point of the plow killing 
one; the other three and the mother 
were turned up on the turf and ex- 
posed. As I stopped the mother rat 
made a peculiar noise, when the three 
young ones took hold of her fur with 
the mouths and she scuttled away 
with the three dangling to her hide. 
Did any one ever se,.' such a thing? 

we seldom found, but did occasionally 
find, was about a size larger than a 
house mouse, with a tail twice the 
length of its body, a brown back and 
yellow belly. It was very swift on 
foot, jumping unreasonable distances. 
We never saw its young. The fourth 
was a mouse between the size of a rat 
and a house mouse, rich brown in color 
on back and nested in trees, building 
on the order of a squirrel, except in 
low trees, and always about hedgerows. 
It would always come out of the nest 
if shaken, but would not come down. 
Had large eyes and ears. We never 
found the young of this species eith- 
er. No other of the rat tribe uses 

Of all the animals we found the first 
three named were game animals, and 
the white tail rabbit ''molly-cotton- 
tail" was the favorite of all. This 
we did as boys do now, trapped, hunt- 
ed with gun and dogs. They are fine 
food and no animal, then or now, 
furnished more real life for boys than 
this rabbit. At this time all farms 
were fenced and cross-fenced with 
rail fences, and rabbits, then as now, 
traveled in paths across the thickets, 
and where they crossed a fence they 
gnawed the bottom rail. This told us 
where to set the traps, made of hollow 



logs or planks, as ns«r. A hollow log 
was the best trap, anil the term ' ' rab- 
bit-gum" or "rabbit-hollow" origi- 
nated with this kind of a trap (made 
from a hollow gum tree.) They were 
the most proline of all animals, raising 
from five to six litters each season. 
The nests were always made in a hole 
in the ground lined with their own fur. 
The young were placed there and cov- 
ered so you could not see except you 
stepped on it or plowed it up in the 
fields by a stump. There were from 
three to live young in a nest, and were 
suckled at night only, sleeping all 
■day. They grow very fast. Just why 
a rabbit will go into a trap is still a 
isputed question. Experience taught 
me that bait is of little if any value, 
and my opinion is there are two rea- 
sons why a rabbit seeks a hole, undis- 
turbed, the first is: they have enemies 
in the fox and the dog, and when 
•chased until it gets tired will always 
find a hole to save itself, and it is the 
seeking for a known hiding place to 
go to when in danger, that causes it to 
go in traps. The other is : in very bad 
■weather a shelter is a protection. I 
have found them in holes before be- 
ing run. I still trap them. 

The common gray squirrel was not 
plentiful with us. It is a high tree 
animal, and valued as food and for 
shooting. It nests in hollows and al- 
so builds nests :of twigs outside. It 
Taises one or more sets of young each 
•season. The o 'possum is a night ani- 
mal and we had great sport hunting 
them with hounds at night, which 
track them until they take to a tree; 
then the tree is cut and dogs catch the 
o 'possum. They belong to the mar- 
supial family, and carry their young 
in a pouch from the time they are 

smaller than new born mice to suck 
time as they are too large. Then they 
hold on the long hair of the mother, 
and later twine their tails about the 
mothers tail and hold fast to hair. We 
caught many of them with their young, 
but found that they would eat each 
other in confinement. Just what age 
the mother turns them loose, we nev- 
er quite knew, but we caught the 
young alone when quite small. They, 
when medium size, pretend to be dead 
when caught, coiling up and become as 
rigid as wood. That is where "play- 
ing possum" originated. Old ones 

The mink we trapped for its fur, 
and did it with our rabbit traps; set- 
ting them on sand bars in the creek 
beds, baiting with rabbit heads or a 
shot bird. When mad they smell like 
a skunk, but we drowned them very 
easily under water. The skins were 
then worth from one to two and a half 
dollars; a lot of money for a strug- 
gling farm boy. No animal furnished 
more fun than the flying-squirrel; it 
having a species of skin-wings from 
the fore to hind legs and a flat tail. 
These they spread and leaped from a 
high tree, gliding to the root of anoth- 
er tree; climbing this and repeating. 
Our cats learned their habits and 
would wait at the root of a tree and 
take it in as it lighted. We had tame 
ones, which we studied first hand. 
They are a night prowler, and nice 
pets when small, but as soon as they 
came to maturity wanted to sleep all 
day and would bite if disturbed. They 
would not breed in confinement. 

The mole is familiar to most people. 
I was never able, then or now, to find 
any eyes. They are the strongest of 
all animals of their size. Are hard to 



catch on account of their hearing. and often kills a whole flock of hens 

Our dog was great to dig them out. 
The weasel was the rarest of all the 
animals, and never killed our fowls; 
thev being a bloodsucking animal, 

in a night, sucking the blood only. 

The next number will be entitled 
"Many Small Things." 

Every farmer in the South should be interested in Henry Ford's pur- 
pose in developing Muscle Shoals. Henry Ford proposes to take the ni- 
trates from the air by means of electric current and make fertilizer 
cheaper than anybody else is now making it. The fertilizer manufacturers 
say he can't do it, but they are spending thousands of dollars in propaganda 
to try and prejudice the country against Ford. If they are telling the 
truth, why are they wasting the money? 


(At the recent Convention of The King's Daughters, held in the Jackson 
Training School Auditorium, there were delivered several addresses most in- 
spiring and the Annual Report of the State Secretary is of great interest. 
These have just become available. In this issue of THE UPLIFT we are 
pleased to give to our readers the "Message of The President," and "The 
Report of the State Secretary. ' ') 

Many hearts beat happily tonight 
that we are in Concord, commemorat- 
ing the 32nd Anniversary of the or- 
ganization of the Order of the King's 
Daughters & Sons in North Carolina. 

We are wearing a crown within 
whose circuit are joy and thanks- 
giving, joy in being here with our 
friends and associates in work, and 
thanksgiving for the privilege of 
staying at the School with the Super- 
intendent and his large family and 
for having with us friends, busy 
men, who are here for the purpose of 
helping us. The spirit of thanks- 
giving hovering over us in this his- 
toric part of the State recalls the 
great deeds of our ancestors who laid 
for the United States of America 
the foundation, moral, political and 
social upon which we are building to- 

day. They had heights to storm and 
lines to break through blinding clouds 
of doubt and ignorance, and their mis- 
takes as well as their splendid achieve- 
ments are valuable lessons for us. 
In reading an article sometime ago, 
warning against pessimism when con- 
demning modern innovations and 
drawing a comparison in favor of 
modern times, between the vices and 
virtues of the past and present, it 
seemed to me that the writer lost 
sight of the fact that our progressive- 
ness, upon which he dwelt, is built up- 
on the conservatism of our aneesters. 
They were blazing a trail for us and 
showing us at crossroads which way 
to take. 

Being human they committed er- 
rors which we now deplore. In like 
manner will not our descendants blush 




Of Raleigh, is serving her 20th year as president of The King's Daughters 

and Sons. 


at some of the practice and fashions of 
which we indulge"? 

The thought that, "Through the a- 
ges one eternal purpose runs," is a 
blessed one, that despite the errors 
of each era of time, the men and wo- 
men all ages, may, if they will, help 
to perfect the divine purpose of crea- 
tion. The motto upon the Seal of 
North Carolina "Esse Quam Videri, " 
to be rather than to seem, teaches 
us the lesson of sincerity and truth, 
change those words a little, and we 
read an equally important lesson, 
seem to be what you really are, or 
have the courage of your convictions, 
and live the truth as well as believe 

The touching and familiar story of 
the struggles of Christopher Coliun- 
bus before various sovereigns in Eu- 
rope to obtain the means of vindicat- 
ing his theory that the earth was 
round and that circumnavigation was 
possible, affords us a memorable in- 
stance of the benediction to the world 
of a man's sincerity and earnestness, 
and of the courage to abide by his 
convictions of truth. 

Queen Isabella of Spain pledged 
her jewels to raise money for this 
enterprise, which was undertaken for 
her own crown of Castile. May not 
we, of the royal family of The King 
of Kings, lest one jewel be lost from 
His crown, pledge ourselves and our 
treasures to help our ' ' Brothers Sail- 
ing o'er life's solemn main," and 
watching anxiously for a sight of the 
New World of peace and joy. 

Florence Nightingale through great 
discouragement taught the world that 
in peace as well as in war the minis- 
trations of women are necessary. That 
idea has borne fruit the world over 

and today Cabarrus County rejoices 
in an all-time health nurse, a follower 
of the great philanthropist nurse of 
Crimean war fame, a follower proving 
herself thoroughly equipped for high 
and important service. Sad to say, 
in contrast to such ideals we see in 
this day wme of the old laws of the 
land altered, because the standard 
which they required is too high. In- 
stead of uplifting- man and woman the 
standard of life is lowered to suit 
their wishes. This is not done in 
mental or physical contest. Men and 
women are prepared and trained for 
business as never before, and work 
is more strenuous. In physical races 
and contest every nerve and muscle 
in the body is strained to win the 
prize. In the hurdle race the bar is 
not lowered to suit the indifferent 
horse and rider, but horseman and 
horse together practice and labor un- 
til made perfect, and the hurdle at 
maxiuru height is cleared to the ad- 
miration of all beholders. 

In the chariot race of old, the 
charioteer stands holding in hand the 
reins governing four horses. From 
top to toe he is tense with exertion 
and ambition to reach his goal. His 
faithful steeds catching his spirit, 
] 'anting and with dilated nostrils 
press onward until the race is won. 

Are our spiritual muscles the only- 
ones which need no strengthening? 
Or are the prizes of mastery over 
self, or the victory of the super- 
natural over the natural, not worth 
obtaining? Of one thing, we may be 
sure in our own work of Christian 
Social Service, great and lasting re- 
sults cannot be obtained, without 
Truth, Courage, and Labor; courage 
to differ from the conventionalities of 




Of Greenville, is serving her 7th term as Secretary of The King's Daughters 

and Sons. 



the day and to preserve in public de- 
meanor the independence of private 

In a recent address before farmers 
and farm women, the assertion was 
made that the whole face of the 
world will change, when we realize 
that it is just as much to be ex- 
pected that a girl should make her 
living, as that a man should, but the 
speaker did not add that it was ori- 
ginally intended that they should not 
be made in the same manner. Man 
was told that he was to earn his living 
by the sweat of his brow, women by 
looking after her household. That 
sometimes bedews her brow, too in 
this day. Life has become so com- 
plex that now women often have to 
earn their living as man does, and all 
honor is due to them for following 
such a course, but it does not seem 
to me that they should be taught that 
this is their first aim in life. I think 
the best way for a young woman to 
■earn her living, is not to catch, but 
to be caught by a worthy young man. 
This is the best sort of give and take 
that I know of. Our social Service 
should be characterized by earnestness 
and personal contact. The touch 
of the hand and the sound of the voice 
prepare the way for helping our 
brother. Bishop Anderson, of Chicago, 
ended an address made some years 
ago at a Brotherhood meeting, with 
a story containing a lesson about 
personal work which may help us. 

There was an American traveling in 
Switzerland. He wished to ascend 
■one of the mountains. An Omnibus 
"was ready for travelers and there were 
three kinds of tickets — first class — 
second class — and third class. The 
American, being an American, bought 
sl first class ticket. He noticed that 

the purchasers of second and third 
class tickets got in the omnibus with 
himself. He did not like that idea, 
asked why a person who got a third 
class ticket rides along side of me 
who bought a first class ticket. The 
driver told him to wait and see. They 
came to the foot of a hill. The driver 
called out — first class passengers may 
keep their seats, second class pas- 
sengers can get out and walk, third 
class passengers get out and shove. 

Fellow travellers, we do not claim 
to be first class passengers, but we 
do claim to engage all together in a 
great work. So, in the words of 
Bishop Anderson, For God's sake let 
us all get out and shove. 

By Mrs. Richard Williams. 

Madam President, Daughters of the 

King and Friends : 

In noting the flight of time, I am 
brought to realize that another year 
has been granted to us, bringing me 
to the great privilege of again sub- 
mitting my Annual Report. It is with 
feelings of genuine pleasure, deep 
gratitude and hopeful expectancy that 
I attempt to make a record of my 
stewardship as your Recording State 

In renewing the work of the year, 
I And that activities all along the 
line have strengthened and advanced, 
all the Circles have co-operated in the 
great work given us to do and have 
faithfully kept in view that "In His 
Name,'' there is scarce a limitation 
to our accomplishments. I'm sure 
we all consider it a wonderful privi- 
lege, that our Annual Meeting is being 
held at the Stonewall Jackson Train- 
ing School. It was indeed thoughtful 
of the Stonewall Circle of Concord to 



invite the Convention to Concord 
and the Jackson Training School, 
around which cluster our dearest love 
and strongest hopes. Seeing such 
tangible results of our united efforts 
cannot fail to be an inspiration to 
each one of us for further service. The 
dedication of the handsome Stone 
Bridge marks an important era in the 
history of our progress and will stand 
not only, as a memorial to our brave 
dead, but serve in promoting the wel- 
fare of the many thousand noble boys 
who shall cross it to be instructed in 
God's word and thereby inspired to 
a higher life of usefulness, integrity 
and honor. The beautiful windows 
portraying the labor of love and 
loyalty of our departed Sisters is but 
a fitting tribute to the memory of 
those who have now passed into the 
' ' Great Beyond ' ' and have received 
the welcome words of "Well done 
thou good and faithful servants." 
On our Roll at present we have (26) 
twenty-six Circles with a member- 
ship of many more than a thousand 
(am sorry I cannot give exact num- 
ber but several Circles have not yet 
returned their Membership Blanks.) 
There are still (8) Junior Circles 
very active and doing splendid work. 
These circles should be a great inspi- 
ration to us. The largest Circles in the 
State are the Stonewall Jackson, 
Concord; 'Sheltering Home, Durham; 
Burden Bearers, Chapel Hill; What- 
soever, Wilmington; Relief, Salis- 
bury; and Whatsoever, Henderson. 

The Nora C. Dixon Circle in Gas- 
tonia lead by Mrs. B. F . Dixon is at 
present quite small, she, being the 
only member, but it is soon to be re- 
vived and she hopes that the interest 
may thereby be increased. She is to 

be commended for her loyalty and 
earnestness in striving to raise this 
Circle to a greater membership and 
wider scope of activities. We are all 
very proud and grateful for The 
King's Sons in the State, all of whom 
are true and loyal members of the 

The Whatsoever Circle, Wilming- 
ton, has six (6) members on the 
Cradle Roll. The usual number of 
Executive Committee meetings have 
been held, one in Chapel Hill, two in 
Greenville and the last in the Audi- 
torium of the Sshool, last night, 
November 7th. I have sent (26) 
twenty-six Convention Calls besides 
extra Calls to the State Officers, Mem- 
bers of Executive Committee, Branch 
Presidents, Silver Cross, New York, 
and many warm and interested friends 
of the Order. Letters, postals and etc. 
written during the year, about Two 
Hundred and Twenty-five. 

Membership blanks were sent to 
each President asking for a list of the 
Officers and Members of her Circle, 
this has been complied with by the ma- 
jority of the Circles. I would kindly 
suggest that all the Circles be very 
prompt in sending in their Reports as 
it greatly aids the Secretary in her 
work and making her Report for the 
Convention. We deeply regret, that 
after much thought and investigation 
it was again found "too expensive" 
to have a Journal printed, giving a 
full account, including the Officers 
and Circle's Reports, of the most 
splendid Convention held last Septem- 
ber in Chapel Hill. So through the 
curtesy of ' ' The Silver Cross ' ' the 
official organ of the Order, a con- 
densed report of last year's Conven- 
tion was printed in the January num.- 


ber, about thirty (30) extra copies forts have been so greatly blest in a 
of this magazine were distributed material way, let us not forget to 
^mong the Circles of the State. I render our heartfelt thanks to the 
find from the reports the amount of great Bestower of every good and per- 
money disbursed by the Circles. The feet gift. May this scene be an in- 
steady increase is most interesting. spiration to us to go forward in the 
From 1913 (the year the Secretary's work and service of our King, 
book was turned over to me) the In closing, I wish to extend to all 
amount disbursed, with the fifty per my co-workers my sincere apprecia- 
cent increase which has been the tion of their aid and encouragement 
average increase for the past several and that my earnest prayer and hearty 
years, makes the amount now. . desire is, that we may all press on- 

$116,239. IS ward with renewed energy, untiring 

The amount disbursed in 1913 zeal, ardent hope and steadfastness 

$7,150.86 of purpose to do even greater things 

The amount disbursed in 1917 '"In His Xame," believing that our 

$9,480.78 work shall be as a "City set on a 

The amount disbursed in 1921 hill, which cannot be hid. ' ' That our 

$14,162.98 work, shall be as a shinning light, 

This is not the total amount of dis- '"Which shineth more and more unto 

bursements, as so many Circles have the perfect day. ' ' That our work 

not sent in any Report; neither is the shall be a beacon which shall cast 

Silver Offering included in this its radiance over the visits of ages 

amount. and throughout the annuals of time, 

While this magnificent showing of being expanded, perfected and beauti- 

figures is very gratifying that our ef- tied in eternity. 

House 01 Dreadful Nonsense. 

So long as terrible affliction sta\s away from us or our loved ones, we 
are not brought face to face to the needs of tender cire being given to 
those who are sadly afflicted. The picture which Miss Battle paints, only 
in part, of what she saw and heard on a visit to a North Carolina State in- 
stitution, ghen over to the care of the mentally dethroned, touches the 
human heart in such a way that not a dollar, which the state spends in 
this direction, is begrudged. 

This most gloomy picture makes 
the thoughtful carefulness of the 
moth?r state in what she is doing at 
Rileigh and Morganton, under the 
wise guidance of Dr. Anderson and 
Dr. McCampbell, respectively, stand 
•out to the credit and glory of a state 

that has learned to carry arojnd its 
heart on her sleeve. And this is 
Miss Battle's picture: 

On the outskirts of Raleigh, where 
it does not often c >me to the at- 
tention of normal folks, there is a 
house of dreadful nonsense. On Dix 


Hill is one of the three most deeply 
pitiful communities in the State. 
Reason has no rule of order there. 
Discord most horrible has usurped 
its place. There, the wild hallucin- 
ation, the mad frenzy, the distorted 
dream inspire only to destroy. 

In all the wonder of words that is 
Shakespeare's, nothing is finer thin 
Ophelia's description of Hamlet's 
madness, when she say that she sees 

"that noble and most 

soveregin reason 
Like sweet bells jangled, out of 
tune and harsh; 

'J hat unmatched from and fea- 
ture of blown youth 
Blasted with ecbtacy." 
On Dix Hill such "bells" in whose 
former music trends and loved ones 
have delighted, now jangle with dis- 
cordancy haish enough to break 
the heart. Mure powerful incite- 
ment to grateful prayer from the 
normal than those wretched ruins at 
the Sate Hospital that, ecstasy has 
blasted, it would be hard to find. 

A girl of twenty-one who changed 
the college for the mad-house raves 
behind a grated window that looks 
out up' n the beautiful park where 
free folk pass at will. She is bare- 
footed, clothed in a straight, coarse, 
canvas gown, with her hair hanging 
disordered in thin strands about her 
distressing face, across the broken 
youth ot which wildness and inanity 
chase each other. In her frenzy, 
she tears to shreds the bed clothing 
and whatever garments yield to her 

All of a heap by the wall, a wom- 
an crouches crying frantically day 
in, day out, against the fire that 
she believes to be burning her cruel- 
ly. A congenital idiot of a dwarf, 
mis-shapen, terrifying, with a beard 

on her woman's face like some hor- 
ribly grotesque figure in a troubled 
dream, paces up and down, up and 
down, on deformed and twisted feet 
with teirible restlessness. A little old 
lady, white haired, with a good and 
gentle face, moans unceasingly in 
her religious melancholia over her 
soul that she thinks lost from God 
beyond redemption. A man wrings 
his hands without rest because of 
imagined torment that will not be 
quenched. An elderly fat woman 
carries a broom for a gun, and be- 
lives herself a soldier, a "member of 
the Home Guard" who has no busi- 
ness in an asylum. An eager-faced 
mother, who must once have had 
charm is convinced that she "can 
throw her voice Japan," and is more 
concerned over the feat than in the 
fate of her children left with her 
stricken husband. 

Snatches of meaningless song 
came down the corriders, jabberings, 
moan, senseless disputes, and most 
heart rendering of all, the weird, 
wild laugh of madness. 

But perhaps even more pitiable 
than the super-active lunatics are 
the creatures of imbecile blankness, 
with faces as hopelessly expression- 
less as wood, eating, digesting, 
sleeping often fattening, but seldom 
moving, sitting almost motionless 
through the monotonous unvarying 
hours like great vegetables, no more. 

So day after day breaks, waxes, 
wanes and dies over Dix Hill. So, 
day after day, the girls-maniac tears 
her clothes to shreds, the bearded 
dwarf paces, paces; the crouching 
woman shinks from the fire about 
to consume her; the little old lady 
laments her soul eternally lost; the 
elderly fat woman marches with her 
broom-gun; the tormented man 



wrings his miserable hands; the 
^ager-faced mother throws he voice 
to the Orient. 

And, by the grace of God, in a 
world of rational beings, you go 
ab^ut your business that you have 
the sense to transact, and I write 
"Incidentally." With all our mental 
vagaries, we still have wits enongh 
to know that we should not tear 
our garments to strips; that earthly 
fires do not burn without visible 
flames; that unceasing pacing gets 
nowhere; that a soul can never be 
lost beyond redemption from a God 
of everlasting mercy and love; that, 

as yet, woman have no place in the 
i ome Guards; and that only the 
wireless can instautly transmit mes- 
sages five thousand n:iles. 

It seems to me that always when 
my path looks steep, I shall remem- 
der that girl in hei witless violence, 
jibbering nonsense, rending her 
clothes to express the turbulent con- 
fusion of her mind, running her use- 
less, aimless young hands up and 
down those dreadful bars that sep- 
arate her from hope. I shall think 
of the cruel futility of such a blast- 
ed life, and know than Heaven has 
been kind to me.— Nell Battle Lewis- 

Backlog Studies 

By Charles Dudley Warner. 

The fire on the hearth hns almost gone out in New England; the hearth 
has gone out; the family has lost its center; age ceases to be respected; sex 
is only distinguished by the difference between millinery bills and tailors' 

bills; there is no more toast-and- 
cider; the young are not allowed to 
eat mince pie at ten o'clock at night; 
half a cheese is no longer set to toast 
before the fire; you scarcely ever 
see, in front of the coals, a row of 
roasting apples, which a bright little 
girl, with many a dive and starts 
shielding her sunny face from the 
fire with one hand, turns from time 
to time; scarce are the gray-hair 
sires who strops their razors on the 
family Bible, and doze in thechimn- 
ney corner. A good many things 
have gone out with the fire on the 

1 do not mean to say that public 
and p r i v ate morality have vanished 
with the hearth. A good degree of 
pu r i tv an d considerable happiness 

ar e nossible wi th grates and blowers ; 
Possible w a ^ when we are aH 

passing through a fiery furnace, 
and very likely we shall be purified 
as we are dried up and wasted away. 
Of course the family is gone, as an 
institution, thought there still are 
attempts to bring up a family round 
a "register." But you might 
just as well try to bring it up by 
hand, as without the rallying point 
of a hearthstone. Are there any 
homestead nowadays? Do people 
hesitate to change houses any more 
than thev do to change their clothes? 
People hire houses as they would a 
masquerade costume, liking, some- 
times, to appear for a year in a lit- 
tle fictions stone-front splendor above 
their means. Thus it happens that 
so many people live in houses that 
do not fit them. I should almost as 
soon think of wearing another 
person's clothes as his house; unless 


2 r 

I could let it out and take it in until 
it fitted, and somehow expressed my 
own character and taste. But we 
have fallen into the days of con- 
formity. It is no wonder that people 
constantly go into their neighbors' 
houses by mistake, just as, in spite 
of the Maine law, they wear away 
each other's hats from an evening 
party. It has almost come to this, 
that you might as well be anybody 
else as yourself. 

Am I mistaken in supposing that 
this is owing to the discontinuance 
of big chimneys, with wide fire- 
places in them? How can a person 
be attached to a house that has - no 
center attraction, no soul in ir, in 
the visible form of a glowing fire 
and a warm chimney, like the heart 
in the body? When you think of 
the old homestead, if you ever do, 
your thoughts go straight to the 
wide chimney and its burning logs. 
No wonder that you are ready to 
move from one fireplace'ess house 
into another. But you have some- 
thing just as good, you say. Yes, I 
have heard of it. This age, which 
imitates everything, even to the vir- 
tues of our ancesters, has invented 
a fireplace, with artificial, iron, or 
composition logs in it, hacked and 
painted, in which gas is burned, so 
that it has the appearance of a wood 
fire. This seems to me blasphemy. 
Do you think a cat would lie down 

before it? Can you poke it? If you 
cannot poke it, it is a fraud. To 
poke a wood fire is more solid en- 
joyment than almost anything else 
in the world. The crowning human 
virtue in a man is to let his wife poke 
the fire. I do not know how any 
virture whatever is possible over an 
imitation gas log. What a sense of 
insincerity the family must have, if 
they indulge in hypocrisy of gather- 
ing about it. With th ; s center of 
untruthfulr.tss, what must the life in 
the family be? Perhaps the father 
will be living at the rate of ten 
thousand a year on a salary of four 
thousand; perhaps the mother, more 
beautiful and younger than her 
beautified daughters, will rouge; 
perhaps the young ladies will make 
wax work. A cynic, might suggest 
fs the motto of modern life this 
simple legend, "Just as good as the 
real." But I am not a cynic, and I 
hope for ihe rekindling of wood 
fires, and a return of the beautiful 
home light from them. If a wood 
fire is a luxury, it is cheaper than 
many in which we indulge without 
thought, and cheaper than the visits 
of a doctor, made necessary by the 
want of the ventilation of the 
house. Not that I have anything 
against doctors; I only wish, after 
they have been to see us in a way 
that seems so friendly, they had 
nothing against us. 

"Well, the editor of the Record is a North Carolinian, reared in a 
stone's throw of this splendid county of Chatham. He has cast his lot 
among some mighty good folks. He is interested in the general welfare 
of Chatham county; the precedent has been broken, the unwritten code 
violated and, inasmuch as the pie is spoiled, we expect to continue to do 
our durndest to eradicate the liquor evil from this section of our native 
state. Thanks." — Chatham Record. 



The Inner Mission — What It Is 

By Mrs Charles P. Wiles. 

One day as a young lad was reading his copy of "Young Folks" he came 
across the words. "Inner Mission." "What can that mean?'' he said to 
bimself. He had heard his pastor and his Sunday-School teacher talk a good 
deal about Home Missions and Foreign Missions and he thought he under- 
stood what those terms meant, but Inner Missions was new to him. 

Calling his older brother, he asked 
lor an explanation. Step by step 
the brother led him. Since a mis- 
sionary is one who carries a message 
a foreign missionary must be one 
who carries a message to people in 
fortign lands. If we speak of Home 
Missions, we mean taking the mes- 
sage to the "Heathen" in our own 
land. Putting "inner" before the 
word "Missions" means carrying a 
message, just the same, but primar- 
ily, to those within the Church who 
may need a Gospel message, or a 
message in deeds. 

The younger brother was made 
see that deeds of mercy to those less 
fortunate than ourselves must be 
done if one is a real Christian. If 
we do not give service such as that 
then we are deceiving ourselves and 
have not real religion. 

Whi'e home mission work means 
the gathering in of those in our own 
land who are without the Church 
and perhaps indifferent to it, looking 
also tu the orgrnizing of churches, 
inner mission has all forms of charity 
work as a leading feature Inner 
mission should, and do, carry the 
Gospel message, as do home missions. 
In the latter the preaching of the 
Gospel is foremost, while in inner 
missions it is one, but not necessarily 
the ontstanding feature. 


We sometimes hear inner mission 

work spoken of as if it were a new 
idea. It is not a discovery of our 
time. The early church is a model 
for all time in this line of work. 
"The world before Christ came was 
a world without love." Christ 
taught that the acid test of disciple- 
ship was having love for others in 
the heart. 

Such teaching was foreign to 
heathenism. Heathen philosophers 
taught such things as this: "He 
does the beggar but a bad servics 
who gives him meat and drink; for 
what he gives is lost, and the life of 
the poor is prolonged to their own 
misery." VVhile here and there 
among heathen writers we find 
noble sentiments express, Plato 
taught that all beggars should be 
driven out; that, sick people should 
not receive any consideration, 
and that when a workingman be- 
came so worn out that he was not 
good for any thing any longer and 
became ill, he should be used to ex- 
periment on. 

While the government in those 
early days distributed grain to the 
poor, yet it. was done in many cases 
to prevent uprising among the 
people if their sufferings became 
unbearable. Is it any wonder that 
the heathen were impressed when 
they saw how the early Christians 
loved each other? The Church, in 
that time, was like a big family. If 



any one was in need, be was helped 
from a common fund, for "they had 
all things in common." 

There were no institutions of 
mercy in those early days, for none 
were needed. Everywhere the hous- 
es of Christians stood open for the 
care of the needy breathren or for 
the entertainment of strangers. 

"Destitute orphans were reared 
by widows or deaconesses under the 
supervision of a bishop. Often child- 
ren that had been abandoned by the 
the heathen---and there were many 
— were received and given a Chris- 
tian education." 

Then, also, when in times of pes- 
tilence the heathens abandoned 
their sick, and cast the dead and 
dying into the streets, the Chris- 
tians cared tenderly for those still 
living and buried the dead. ■ Christ 
had given them an example that 
they should follow in His steps, 
for everywhere His preaching and 
teaching were accompanied by works 
of mercy. 


1 he work of the Inner Mission is 
both varied and far reaching. "Here 
we behold asylums in which children 
are sheltered from destitution, there, 
houses of refuge in which men are 
helped out of moral ruin; here 
homes in which travellers are pre- 
served from temptation; there, in- 
stitutions which provide a home for 
female servants; here the navvies on 
our railroads have the privilege of 
hearing the Gospel; there, the emi- 
grants are visited that they may take 
a message from the Word of God 
way with them; here oversight is 
given to the prisoners; there, the 
sick and wcunded are cared for. 
And so the work goes on." 


was Johann Heinrich Wichern, born 
in Hamburg April 21, 1808. Condi- 
tions in Germany during the years 
of nis boyhood were deplorable. As 
soon as his university life was closed 
he associated himself with a Sunday- 
school in his native town, the first 
school of the kind in Germany. 

In his work as a visitor he became 
familiar with the life of the poorest 
day-laborers, the side of the popu- 
lation that is the great feeder of the 
criminal class. 

He came to know not only the 
spiritual and moral wretchedness of 
the families from which the children 
in his school came, but he saw the 
physical wretchedness of the poor as 
he had never seen it before. It seem- 
ed to him almost idle to attempt to 
change conditions. "If only the 
children could be rescued," he 
thought. The evil influences that 
surrounded the child during the 
week quite over balanced the in- 
struction given on the Sabbath. He 
saw that it was almost useless to 
try to influence them for good as 
long as they were exposed to daily 
vice. To train them at the Sunday- 
school while they ii v f d in their old 
haunts was like rolling a stone up 
hill during the day, only to let it roll 
back at night. It seemed to hirn 
that for any real benefit the child- 
ren should be taken out of their 
environment and kept entirely away 
from former companions. 

The need was great. The increase 
of juvenile criminals was 70 per cent, 
above the increase in population. 
There were fifteen thousand boys in 
London between the ages of eight 
and twelve who lived by theft. Sep- 
aration was necessary, and a shelter 



for the children. 

The desire to relieve the situation 
became his uppermost tl ought. 
Accordingly, on October 31, 1833, 
he, with his mother and sister, moved 
into a small house in a suburb of 
Hamburg, and here a child saving 
institution was established. It was 
not to be an orphanage nor a ragged 
school, neither a beggar's asylum 
nor a house of correction, but a 
Christian household. 

Very humble were the beginnings. 
It is said that bread, salt and the 
Bible were all that the dining table 
in the living room had to < ffer. This 
institution became the pattern for 
manv similar institutions not only in 
Germany but in other lar.ds. 

The "family system" was charact- 
eristic in Wichern's child saving- 
work. He would have no more 
children together than would make 
oni household. They would have a 
household head or "housefather" 

and household' ways - - 

Possibly the most important davits 
Wichern's life was the clay on which 
he made his fervent speech before 
the Church Congress, September 22,. 

In his fervent speech he called for 
the whole church to unite in an ef- 
fort to stay the tide of evil. The 
time had come for the entire church 
to n ake the Inner Mission her works 
and show her faith by her works 
ff love. The effect of his earnest 
plea was instant ar.d resultvd in the 
organization Jtnuary 4, 1849 of the 
Central Committee fur 'he Inner 
Mission nf the German Evangelical 
Church. Natuial'y, Wichern was 
the If ading spii it. 

It.will b seer, then, that the Inner 
Mission idea is ly no means new, 
that it grew out of the U aching of 
Jesus Chiisf, and that it is the con- 
tinuation ( f the ministry of Hin* 
"who went abcut doing good." 

Institutional Notes. 

(Henry B. Faucette, Reporter.) 

Dirt is being hauled and leveled in 
front of fifth cottage. 

Lockwood Pickett, of Durham, has 
received an honorable parole as a re- 
ward for his fine services and behavior 
while at the school. 

Wednesday was a peculiar and rare 
day in that it brought not a single 
visitor from home to see the boys 

Mr. J. D. Haney, electrician, of 
Charlotte, has been working on the 
big motor which runs the machinery 
in the shop building. 

Rev. T. W. Smith, of Concord^ 
brought to the boys the Sunday mes- 
sage. They all extend cordial invita- 
tion for his early return. 

The President of the literary so- 
ciety of Xo. 5, the Shaw Literary 
Society, has written a letter to Miss 
Easdale Shaw, of Rockingham, an- 
nouncing to her that the 5th cottage 
Society was pleased to adopt her name 
as theirs. Miss Shaw is a member of 
the Board of Trustees of this schooL 

Sunday, being a very pretty day, 
invited all th-a boys out into the open, 
so a few cottages took walks up and 
down the highway. This was a flni 
day for walking and having just g 
small touch of Spring, with its reawak- 
ening the boys spirits rose consider- 



ably. Laughter bubbled from every 
part of the ra iks. The boys came 
back to the school feeling tired, but 
nevertheless very happy. 

New boys are arriving at the school 
night and day, and sometimes two and 
three at a time. It seems as though 
an officer's prophecy that live hun- 
dred boys are to be sent to the school, 
is going to be fulfilled. It is to be hop- 
ed for the more boys started on the 
right path, means a feather in the cap 
so to speak of the school. The boys 
are happy to see new boys arrive for 
each new boy that comes, means a boy 
turned to the straight and narrow 

Thanks to Mr. J. E. Latham's gen- 
erosity, the band instruments, while 
not in use, are kept in the rear room 
of the pavilion, a living monument to 
his name. It is more convenient 
more readily accessible, to Bandmas- 
ter Lawrence and the boys. The old 
place of keeping the instruments was 
in a vacant room of the school build- 
ign. As Charlotte 's motto is : 
"Watch Charlotte grow," so our 
motto is: "Watch our Band grow." 

A smile on every boys' face last 
Friday was very much in evidence. 
Why? Usually the boys wear a smile 
just for a good habit, but one look at 
the eager expectancy on the would-be 
musician 's face makes you understand 
that something very pleasing to them 
is about to happen. Your deduction 
is right. The band-master is start- 
ing on his new journey to train boys 
for the honorable and glorious position 

of musicians. The band was revived 
after a period of dormancy. When 
the school section prepared to go to 
school, Mr. Lawrence called out the 
names of the lucky new ones. Of 
course, there were boys who regretted 
that they didn't get in the band, but 
all are happy because we have a band. 

Boys, sometime in your existence 
you will come to a fork in the Road of 
of Life. Before you are two roads 
in imagination, let us follow the road 
to the left. How fine and nicely 
paved it seems, as we travel over it, 
however, after a few miles, holes 
and bumps bgin to appear in it. They 
become more frequent. The road nar- 
rows considerably. Bumps and jolts 
break in our reverier of a "get-rich- 
quick ' ' scheme. The road becomes 
unbearable. We come to a small 
cabin. It contains but one room. 
We ask who lives in this place. We 
are told that Mr. So and So, the for- 
ger, lives here. At the very end of 
this road we come to a dilapidated 
hovel. Upon asking who lives here 
we are. told that Mr. So and So, the 
murderer, abides here. So this is the 
ending of the fine, appearing road. 
But now let us turn to the other 
road. The first stretch of it appears 
hard to travel, but it is different 
with the other road. After a time 
it becomes smoother and smoother. 
What is it that shines clearer and 
clearer just over the hill"? As we 
near it glory covers us and we find 
that it is Success. Let us hope that 
Fred Blue is not deceived by these two 
roads in the climb of life. 



F— 3 

I Ol 


f ff 9 "^ ^;'V l 



/ssuW IVeekb— Subscription $2.00 



CONCORD N. C. FEB. 4, 1922, 

NO. 13 

| Shuts la And Shuts Out. 

% A man was standing in a telephona booth try- 

* in S to talk, but could not make o it the message. 

* He kept saying, "I can't hear, I can't hoar." The 
% other man by-an-by said sharply, "if you'll shut 

* the door you can hear." His door was not shut, 

* and he could hear not only the man's voice but 

* the street and store noises too. Some folks have 
% gotten their hearing bally confused because their 

* doors have not been shut enough. Man's voice 
% and God's voice get mixed in their ears. — S. D. 
"f. Gordon. 





j IlliitiifiPillliliis ! 

B eiweea the South and WashissjioB and Ne;y York 




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al Static 
P. flchtrcc Station (Cent 1 
Hi;h, N. C. 

Win Eton -Satcrv 
RatcieiS. N. C. 

N, C. 

10.55 AM 
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No. 35 

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No*. 37 and 13- NEW YORK A NEW ORLEANS LIMITED. Sol-d Pull™ 
Nw Crlaani. M»rtiomrrv, Atlanta, Washington and Nt* York. Ulcepini car n 
Clubt^r. Library-Ob. rrvation car. No coach**. 

Nm. 137 4 159- ATLANTA SPECIAL Drawing iwm ilecping car* b«t-ee 
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Oilcan.. Montgomery. Birmxn jKum. Atlanta and Wa«hin t tiin and Ncu York. D 
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Note: Train No. IIS connect, at WatSinglon "COLONIAL EXPRESS, 

laaving Waihinglon BIS A. M. via Ptnni. System. 

iteeping can between 

1 Macon, Columbui, Atlanta, Waihinjto. 


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S EXPRESS. room aleepjnj ci 
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The Uplift 



The Authority of the Stonewall Jackson Manual Training and Industrial 

School. Type-setting by the Boy's Printing Class. Subscripton. 

Two Dollars the year in Advance. 

JAMES P. COOK, Editor. 

JESSE C. FISHER, Director Printing Department 

Entered as seeond-cla?s matter Deo. 4, 1920, at the Post Office at Concord, N. 
C, under the Act of March 3, K--79 


There have been up to this time sd many things needed to facilitate the 
work of the Jackson Training School that we hesitated to avail ourselves 
of the usual generosity and responsiveness of the public in the interest of 
a certain epuipnicnt, that could be deferred until other things were install- 

Up to this good day, we have had the basis of a small library, together with 
magazines and other suitable periodicals, in each of the cottage homes. 
Now, that we have suitable Library Space in our new School Building (the 
centre of the plant) and a number of friends have indicated their desire to 
aid in supplying this room with a collection of books 2nd the gift of mon- 
ey to the end that we may collect a Library, which will not only contribute 
to the pleasure of the boys but be of genuine aid towards a proper educa- 
tion, we have decided to take the public into our confidence. 

Mr. VV. J. Swink, a public spirited and successful business man of China 
Grove, always a lover of books and who knows their value, has sent in one 
hundred dollars as a starter. We confidently expect others, who are in- 
terested in carrying to the less fortunate the great benefits of good books, 
to aid in this benevolent cau'-e. 

We are aware that there are in all homes, where culture has not been ig- 
nored, a book or books, which no longer serve a purpose in said homes and 
in some instances an object of care to home-keepers, that could be placed in 
pur library and become an active agent for goo.l and service. We desire 


reference books, encyclopoedias, atlases, books of travel, history, science, 
fiction, philosophy, biography, classics, orations--all kinds of books that 
have any value whatsoever, except the Jesse James type of literature, If 
out of the goodness of your heart you have a money contribution, or a 
book or books, send along 1 , simply addressing the letter or the package: 
LIBRARY, Jackson Training School, Concord. It will find the right place, 
will be properly looked after and will be acknowledged. 

This is an opportunity within the reach of most every one---the good will 
be unending; and will he like "bread cast upon the water,'' returning to 
bless you. 



When the great snow of last week covered the state, there was a man 
with a head and who uses it to the advantage of the state and to the bene- 
fit of her citizenship. This terse telegram, on Friday the 27th, was ser.t 
out to three hundred maintenance gangs, whose business it is to look 
after the State's public roads: 

This snow gives you an opportunity to prove efficiency of your 
maintenance organization. Condition of your roads two weeks from 
now will prove how good you are, Let's go. 


State Highway Commissioner. 

Chairman Page will not have to wait two weeks to see "how good" his 
organization is. Saturday morning, taking just one road, typical of others, 
it was snow everywhere, the only way of locating the road was by the cuts, 
fills and ditches on either side. Saturday afternoon, there was a perfectly 
clear track the organization had effected; and Sunday the road presented 
as good and dry appearance as it does in Summer. 

If you doubt it, Mr. Chairman Page, start your high-powered roadster 
on the Raleigh-Albemarle-ConcordCharlotte highway---seeing is believing. 


Twice a month there comes cut from the North Carolina College for 
Women an eight-page paper, bearing the head-gear of "North Carolina 
Community Progress." It is edited by a foreign-born gentleman of brill- 
iant attainments and who entertains very original notions about things 
heretofore as accepted and established facts. 

In the latest number of that paper is an article, "Recreation and Tne 


Sabbath," purporting to be the drift of a discussion carried on by a "small 
group" of ministers. Whoever the ministers may have been, they would 
have been accomplishing more good for humanity and the cause of which 
they are the ordained heralds, by studying the problem of how to stop 
idle loitering, how to get some of the little heathen into the Sunday Schools 
and many of the big heathen into the habit of attending divine worship. 
Instead of these important and necessary acts, the ministers, it is alleged 
were debating how to carry on many every-day and wordly sports, base- 
ball and other things, during the "leisure" hours on Sundays. 

bounded upon the people of this century as it was when uttered ages ago. 
Probably some of these ministers and their sympathisers may question the 
authority from which this command comes, and, like some others, look up- 
on the Great Book in wh'ch rhe command to "Remember the Sabbath to 
keep it holy" is recorded as the work of a brilliant writer and not the in- 
spired word. But here is the story of that .meeting from "Community 

"Some time ago a small group of ministers gathered for a day's discus, 
sion regarding the problem of Sunday leisure time. Those who took part 
in the discussion were largely young ministers who were face to face with 
one of the vital issues of our day, namt-ly the constructive use of leisure 
hours. The secretary of the gathering kept notes on the discussions and 
conclusions, and his report follows: 

1 The Sunday leisure time problem is unsolved. It challenges the gen- 
ius and statesmanship of the leaders of religious life in our communities. 

2 The policy of the church has been too largely that of prohibition. A 
constructive progrm is essential. 

3 The leadership element looms so large in the problem of recreation 
that the church must recognize it as incumbent upon the religious leaders 
to lead the community recreationally also. 

4 Those planning such a program must be governed by the obvious 
needs of the community more largely than by the prejudices of some few 
persons of good religious standing who might be inclined to introduce tra- 
ditional objections. 

5 The pastor, by reason of his leadership, is under primary responsi- 
bility for such a program. He should if .-possible work behind the scenes, 
the nominal leadership being committed to laymen. 

Types of Sunday Leisure Time Activity 

The following were among the types of purposeful activity suggested as 


valuable for Sunday afternoon when directed by Christian leader. 

1 Hikes. Groups for nature study. 
Boy Scouts. 

Sunday School Classes. 

2 Lawn gatherings for young people. Miscellaneous programs.. 

3 Pageantry. 

4 Story hour. For story telling and dramatization, 

5 Hand work. For boys and girls. 

t> Adequate social life in jut.oir and senoir B. Y. P. U. 

7 Baseball. Promoted by and attended by Christian leaders. 

8 Auto trips. Planned with a view to making them educationally and 
socially valuable. 

9 Supervised play en playground or in gy.n. 

10 Public library open Sunday afternoon. 

11 Neighborhood visitation. 

It was suggested thac ministers should poineer in this fLdd to discover 
methods that would conserve che values of pl rt y and recreational life— at 
the same time promoting the intrests of the Kingdom." 


The late issue of Charity & Children, making note of certain require- 
ments demanded of the teachers by the authorities of the Moeksville Public 
school, makes this observation: 

"In a series of resolutions adopted by the school board of the Moeks- 
ville district the 4th article reads as follows: We insist that our teach- 
ers, whatever may be their private opinions in regard to Sabbath ob- 
servance, card playing, theatre going, dancing, unchaperoned auto- 
mobiling riding, especially at night, immodest wearing apparel, etc., 
shall during their stay in Moeksville conform to the teachings of their 
respective churches on the subjtct of all questionable amusements. 
That is a very sensible deliverance and the request co the teachers em- 
ployed to train the children committed to their care is entirely rea- 

Controlling absolutely the certification of their qualification and the 
amount of the salaries, it is passing strange that the educational autocracy 
under which we are living in North Carolina has not prescribed a code of 
conduct for the teachers, thus relieving the several communities of the task. 
Again, this would tend toward a uniformity and a standardization, two 
loving twin pets constantly and affectionately nursed. 



There is not a shadow of doubt that woman, herself, is responsible for 
the existence, prevalence and toleration of the double standard about which 
the moralists write so much The double standard is all wrong, is repre- 
hensible and promotes much of the sin-. amongst us. 

The other day, a man's wife became involved in a cloud of scandal--- 
the man put her away, deserted her. Her sin was not condoned for a mo- 
ment, and c ho had to take her medicine, which included disgrace and ban- 
ishment. A little later a woman found her husband in the toils of the law- 
there was rife all manner of reports about his conduct, his practices of a 
sporty life. The climax came along in due lime. Did the wife desert him, 
send him away? She grew closer to him; and the tighter the outraged law 
closed in around him, the closer it drew the little wife. And when the 
court was appealed to for mercy, the husband gave way to tears, then the 
little wife "moved closer to him, and they sat shoulder to shoulder." This 
is the way the woman has of doing--a way that the man never practices. 

The double standard will cease only when woman decrees it, not before. 
Will that time ever arrive? 

• •«»»»»» 


Taking note of the raising of the Woodrow Wilson Foundation Fun, ex 
pressed a desire to make a contribution themselves out of the little bank 
account they carry with the institution. Accordingly Messrs. Johnson and 
Crooks and Miss Greenlee, our teachers, permitted the boys to have their 
way in maidn g this childhood expression of love and esteem. The boys fun 
thus raised amounted to six dollars, which will go foward to the State 
Chairman, Mrs. Josephus Daniels, by way of the Concord Tribune. 

"The President of the United States authorized the writing of a letter to 
the editor of the Biblical Recored, explaining that modern dances are not 
permitted in the White House and that Mr. Harding has not shaken his 
foot but once in twelve years. We fancy that Mrs. Harding dictated that 
letter as it is not at all like the good natured President.''— Charity & Chil- 
dren. Now, brother Johnson, are we to understand that you think that 
the "first lady" of the land is not exactly "good natured?" 

The Uplift has arranged a clubbing arrangement with The Progressive 


Farmer, that great farm and home journal, which Dr. Clarence Poe has 
made the leading home paper in the country. The subscription price of 
The Uplift is two dollars per annum, and The Progressive Farmer is one 
dollar per annum, but we have arranged so that both may be had for just 
two dollars and fifty cents, cash. The Progressive Farmer is of such a 
character that it appeals to all class's of people in search of knowledge, 
the professional man and the mechanic, as well as to the farmer. 

Though we had gotten used to hearing of the terrible loss of human life 
during the world war, the terrible calamity that, overtook the theater 
party in the Knickerbocker theater in Washir.gtcn, on Saturday evenir.g, 
when the roof collapsed killing more than a hundred men, women and child- 
ren, and probably fatally injuring hundreds of others and maiming for 
life scores of others, strikes awe to the American heart. 

It is proclaimed that the recent snow- storm is the severest within a 
period of twenty-three years. It is the first time that the Southern Rail- 
way was ever unable to operate a train out of Washington for two days on 
account of snow. There were at one time eleven trains tie 1 up between 
Washington and Alexandria, Va. 


A Fisher once took his bagpipe to the bank of a river, and play- 
ed upon them with the hope of making the fish rise; but never a 
one put his nose out of the water. So he cast his net into the 
river and soon drew it forth filled with fish. Then he took his bag- 
pipes again, and, as he played, the fish leapt up in the net. "Ah, 
you dance now when I play," said he. "Yes" said an old Fish: 




The subject of our sketch furnishes an exception to the Biblical statement, 
which we so often hear, that a prophet is not without honor save iu his own 
community. ''Rufe" Clark, as so many of his friends affectionately think 
and speak of him, is in reality the architect of his own foiitune, and he 
burgeoned it out right among the people who knew him and his folks for gen- 
erations. And he came into the business of living at a chaotic period in the 
affairs of this country, having been born January 24th, 1864, on a farm in the 

candles and had entered into the en- 
joyment of the very last word, then, 
in the best lighting thing that pro- 
gress and civilization afforded. What- 
ever may have been the fate of the 
Lamp Post, I know that Clark re- 
turned to the farm for a year, but his 
system had become so charged with 
the odor of printer's ink that at the 
end of a year he entered the office of 
The News, at Darlington, S. C. 

Following up the youthful move- 
ments of young Clark, we find that a 
short period in the commonwealth 
just to the south of us convinced our 
subject that he could never become 
acclimated and make a regulation 
South Carolinian, so following his 
ta,stcs and judgment he accepted a 
position at Statesville, the c-apitol of 
his native county, in the office of 
The Landmark, then a weekly and 
edited and published by the late J. P. 
Caldwell. It is here, beginning with 
September 1st, 18S3, that Rufus Reid 
Clark discovered himself and began 
to develop into the useful, capable, 
sterling man that he is recognized to 
be by hundreds throughout the State 
and so held by his neighbors and 
fellow citizens. 

In the landmark office for nine 
years, continuing up to January 1st, 
1892, when Mr. Caldwell went to 
Charlotte to take charge of the Chron- 

southern part of Iredell county, lie 
was the youmj. -,t ..*_ a fa. ly of six 
children. His parents were tt. PI. and 
Sarah Hill Clark. 

There is nothing out of the ordinary 
in Clark's youth, other than he en- 
countered, as hundreds of others did 
in those times, a stagnation of oppor- 
tunities; the curses of a re-construc- 
tion period at the hands of hungry 
and unscrupulous foreigners, the 
darkest of futures, want, suffering and 
doubt. Up to the age of fourteen 
young Clark worked on the farm 
and attended for a few weeks or 
months each year such country schools 
as the times afforded. In January, 
1870, he entered the office of the 
Moorosville Gazette, the first news- 
paper published at that place, to 
learn the trade of a printer. Two 
years afterwards the paper ceased to 
exist — no fault of his — (a thing many 
papers had a habit of doing in that 
period,) and fur six months during 
18S1 young Clark did the mechanical 
work in the office of the Lamp Post, 
a paper published at Marion. I have 
a fancy for this unique name tor a 
newspaper. The very name carries 
volumes of history. In those days 
it was an aristocratic and progressive 
name, announcing to the world that 
Marion had passed beyond the reign 
of lights from pine knots and tallow 


Statesville, N. C. 



iclo, which Inter became The Observer 

young Clark directed the mechanical 
end of making of that paper, the then 
ablest and best printed weekly news- 
paper in the whole state. During this 
period, he gave to Mr. Caldwell valu- 
able assistance in news editing, local 
writing and proof-reading, in all of 
which he became practically a master. 
When Mr. Caldwell removed to Char- 
lotte, Mr. Clark purchased a half in- 
terest in The Landmark; and in a 
short time converted The Landmark 
into a semi-weekly, and about ten 
years later became sole owner of this 
most excellent and valuable newspaper 
and its equipment. 

Digressing just a moment, I am 
constrained to remark upon the won- 
derful influence of Mr. Caldwell's 
method of thinking and analyzing a 
subject or a cause upon the many 
young men, who served with and und- 
er him. It was not many moons be- 
fore the public was utterly unable to 
locate the author of an editorial in 
The Landmark, whether it was Cald- 
well or Clark, and the two them- 
selves were often puzzled unless the 
original copy was produced in evid- 
ence — anybody, who has ever seen 
"Rufe" Clark's handwrite, would 
never pause in at once placing the 
credit or the blame, if you please. 
The like occurred in the case of 
Howard Banks in his editorial work 
on The Charlotte Observer. Caldwell's 
influence was so strong, and Hanks' 
powers so marked, that the principals 
had to appeal for the copy at times to 
make sure of the daddyship of an 

Though physically not robust, Mr. 
Clark is endowed with a wonderful 
mentality and no writer on news- 

papers during a period of thirty years 
in North Carolina has proved a more 
logical and forceful writer than our 
subject. And for his positions on all 
questions he had a ready and strong 
,„ reason; and having decided his, course 
or position on a matter, he had that 
courage which wins the admiration of 
lovers of the brave and the constant. 
His arriving at a conclusion was the 
result of an impersonal reasoning 
Friendship, personal influence, hope 
of gain or reward, were help- 
less and useless agencies in shaping 
his conclusions — they came from de- 
liberate reasoning and the high sense 
of justice and right, these alone al- 
ways influnced Clark as an editor and 
as a man. Feeling that the strain of 
directing the fortunes of The Land- 
mark was sapping his strength, he 
sold his entire interest in The Land- 
mark, July 1918, to Mr. P. A. Bryant, 
who came into the most valuable 
weekly newspaper property in the 

Clark's fine judgment and business 
qualifications were so recognized, 
that his fellow citizens made draft 
upon him for his services as a member 
of the School Board, 1S95-99; mayor 
of Statesville, 1S99-1903; member of 
Board of Aldermen of Statesville, 19- 
07-1011; appointed by Gov. Kitchin 
January, 1011, member of the Board 
of Directors of the State Hospital at 
Morganton, and Mr. Clark continued 
under reappointment in that capacity 
being secretary of the board and a 
member of the executive committee, 
for near ten years, when he resigned. 
It was fitting that Mr. Clark was 
called to service in behalf of this in- 
stitution, to which he gave a most 
loyal and capable service, just follow- 


ing up a distinguished service which clientele the inspiration for correct 

for years the late Joe Caldwell eon- living, lienor and integrity, through 

tributed to the institution. The Landmark, which enjoyed a high 

I am aware of a certain fact that place in the esteem of the state And 
Mr.Clark, while he has been called yet he, himself, never enjoyed the 
often to positions of honor and public benefits of High School or College ad- 
trust, lias never been in the remotest vantages. Though lacking these ad- 
sense a candidate or an aspirant in vantages, Mr. Clark educated himself 
the slightest manner. The positions in the finest school-house in all 
sought him, and rejoiced in his faith- chrisliandom (the printing office), 
fid discharge of every obligation. Mr. supplemented by careful and studious 
Clark made no struggle for the posi- habits and a wide reading of the very 
tion of postmaster at Statesville, best literature. Be it far from me to 
which he now holds. He simply won minimize the advantages of collegiate 
the appointment under a eompeti- instruction, and I would delight to 
tive examination, being appointed by see all our colleges strengthened and 
President Wilson in February, 1920. more largely patronized by North 
He took charge of the office March Carolinians; but I make hold to de- 
ist, 1920. dare that any young man or woman, 

November 16, 1886, Mr. Clark was with average intellect, an honest pur- 
married to Miss Xolie Roseman, of pose, with a sustaining ambition and 
Statesville, and this union has been a proper enviromeut, can and will be- 
blessed by two daughters, talented come educated. Lives of all, who trod 
and attractive young ladies who are this road, have cast a peculiar glory 
a joy to their devoted parents and on democracy and proclaimed to the 
very popular with a large circle of world the opportunties and possibili- 
friends and acquaintances, who re- ties under the benign system of 
cogni/.e their sterling worth ami American government, 
attainments. Through on this good day an active 

I am unwilling to leave my subject servant of Uncle Sam, to whom he 
at this point without making an oh- renders an efficient and loyal service, 
servation or two. Here is a man, in Mr.Clarke has not succeeded in get- 
bis native county, who built up an ting away from the fascination of 
agency that contributed very largely newspaper making and the soul of 
to the best interest of his state, rend- this choice spirit among us today 
ered a valuable service to the cause may be as white as snow, but his 
of society, good government, indus- lingers show today and will ever show 
rial and commercial development, and how tight printer's ink cling to 
which, reflecting a rugged honesty, mortals, when once completely in- 
conservative course, marked ability itiated into the newspaper world— 
aud tireless energy, carried to a large a world of its own. 


Penitentiary Inmate Has A Heart. 

As long as mankind can safely subscribe to the belief that none are 
wholly bad, and that none are wholly good, we are safe in believing- that 
there are people inside of prison walls no worse than many on the outside 
who have gotten by with their devilment. There are times, too, when 
stories from the inside get to the public ear and touch one's sense of inter- 
est and appreciation. 

The News & Observer tells of an am better off than these people, 
act by Jack Hall. If his offense "So, for humanity's sake, I here- 

against law and order were not too with enclose $5.00, wishing at the 

bad, this writer would, if he had the same time that you please place $2. 

power, voluntarily issue him a com- 50 of it with Mr. George H. Bellamy 

plete pardon by special delivery. A or Hon. Josephus Daniels, to be used 

man, in or out of prison, who bar- for the Near East Relief, the rcmain- 

bors in his bosom the kindly feelings ing $2.50 to be put to the Jewish 

that Jack Hall's letter make tPSti- Relief Fund. 

mony to, cannot, be wholly bad and "This money is not commutation 

deserves at least a reduction of his money. It is some that I have earn- 

sentence. But here is the story, ed since being here. 1 am a musi- 

and kind reader, what do you think cian, and, of course, when out on a 

of Jack Hall: road camp I made a little money 

Jack Hall, seving a term in the playing for visitors. I earned around 

State Prison, has sent to Lionel Weil, $15.00 or §50.00 while in Chapel _-. ill. 

State chairman of the Jewish Relief N. C. But this will conclude what 

organizasion, a check for $500, half I have kept of it, or I would send 

of it to go to the Jewish Relief Fund more. However, I hope this will 

and the other half to the Near East help a little. Wish you would 

Relief. 'phone my wife and tell her that I 

The gift of Hall was accompained wrote you. instead of her tonight, 

by the following letter: or she will worry about not hearing 

"Having read two articles in to- from me. You can reach her ask- 

day's News and Observer about the ing the clerk of the court's office 

cundition of the Jews and also an- there at the court house. Would 

other article of the Near East Relief, greatly appreciate it if you would 

although I am of neither nationality, notify her as mentioned above." 
I realize that although a prisoner, I 

A community is not rich because it contains a few rich men, it is not 
healthful because it contains a few strong men, it is not intelligent be- 
cause it contains a few men of learning, nor is it of good morals becauso 
it contains good women — if the rest of the population ■ also be not 
well-to-do or healthful, or intelligent, or of good morals. — Walter H. Page. 



There's Place In Life For The Anecdote. 

CYRUS B. WATSON: For quick, cutting repartee, few men ever equalled 
the late Cyrus B. Watson, of Winston-Salem. About the year 1S7S or 1880 the 
republicans of that senatorial district nominated one Geo. B. Everett, a bril- 
liant man, with plenty of brass and gift o'gab; a graduate of Trinity College, ■ 
great in debate and had become an uncompromising republican. He soon set 
a new pace in campaign speeches. 

The democrats had nominated Dr. 
W. A. Lash, now dead, a wealthy 
business man of Walnut Cove, who 
had neither taste nor talent for joint 
debate. This condition called for 
action. Some one must canvass for 
Dr. Lash that could "hold a hand - ' 
with Geo. Everett, ami Cyrus Watson 
was assigned the place. Everett pro- 
fessed great umbrage at his opponent 
refusing to meet him and was making 
capital out of that fact, saying "such 
pop-guns as Cy 'Watson" taking the 
place of Dr. Lash." 

A little later in the campaign it 
was arranged for a joint debate in 
an open grove, in what is now a busy 
district of Winston-Salem. There 
was a great crowd present. The coun- 
ty, then, was always close, and when 
the large negro element was marshall- 
ed to the republican ranks the county 
"went republican. The democrats of 
Winston highly resented this negro 
element in politics and were fully 
alive at this time. Everett and Wat- 
son were the main speakers of the 
day, Everett had the first speech, mak- 

ing a line impression, rubbing it into 
Dr. Lash for having "such pop-guns 
as Cy Watson" to meet him on the 
stump; his crowd giving him an ova- 

Watson came to reply and to dis- 
cuss things in genera,!, and Everett's 
heelers and leaders in particular. Mr. 
Watson waxed warm, goaded on by 
the cheering democrats. The day was 
hot, ami Mr. Watson had forgotten to 
bring a handkerchief with him. His 
face dripping with prespiration, he 
turned to those behind him on the 
platform, saying, "will some one lend 
me a handkerchief?" 

Everett was quick to his feet, say- 
ing: "Have mine, it is somewhat wet, 
but it is wet with true republicanism." 
Mr. Watson took it, turned to his 
audience as he spread it, saying: "I 
see it is pretty black." To this mo- 
ment it had been republican day, but 
those six words, with the laugh that 
went up made it democrat day. But 
Everett was elected, and was later 
appointed collector of the fifth North 
Carolina district. — Contributed. 

TEACHING THE BIBLE: The only solution of the problem which 
would be in keeping with our religious professions would be to adopt a 
plan that is being tried with success all over the land. Each church should 
arrange to have its young people spend a certain time in the study of the 
Bible, under t>e direction of its pastor, and then credit should be allowed 
to these puplis in their grading for the regular examination. — Presby- 
terian Standard. 



Complaint Of The Much Abused Boy. 

[NOTE: The late Mr. Monroe Melchor, who Was 
among the very best and most honorable citizens of Cabarrus 
County, had a sense for the humorous and the ludicrous. 
The plaint of the "Abused Boy" struck his fancy. He 
carried it in his pocket and ttas often seen to read it with 
great relish and a hearty laugh as no doubt you will. 
Though an old bachelor, Mr. Melchor knew for more 
than eighty years just what appealed to the average boy.] 

I'm going back down to granpa's 

I won't come back no mote 
To hear the remarks about my feet 

A muddyin' up the floor, 
They's too much said about my clothes, 

The scoldin's never done — 
I'm goin' back to granpa's, 

Where a boy kin hev some fun. 

I dug haf [lis garden 

A gitting worms ter bait; 
He said he used to like it 

When I laid abed so late; 
He said that pie was good for boys, 

And candy made 'em grow, 
Ef I can't go to granpa's 

I'll turn pirate first you know. 

He let n e take his shotgun, 

And loaded it fer me 
The cats they hid out in the barn, 

The hens flew up a tree. 
I had a circus in the yard 

With twenty other boys— 
I'm goin' back to granpa's 

Where they ain't afraid of noise. 

He didn't make me comb my hair 

But once or twice a week; 
He wasn't watchin' out fer words 

I didn't orter speak: 


He told me stones 'bout the war 
And Injuns shot out west. 

Oh, I'm goin' down to granpa's, 
For he knows wot boys like best. 

He even run a race with me, 

But had to stop an' cough; 
He road my bicycle and laughed 

Because he tumbled off; 
He knew the early jpple trees 

Around within a mile, 
Oh, granpa was a dandy, 

An' was in it all the while. 

I bet you granpa's lonesome, 

I don't care what you say, 
I seen him kinder cryin' 

When ycu tcck me away. 
When you talk to me of heaven, 

Where all the good folks go, 
I guess I'll go to granpa's; 

And we'll have good times, I know 



Number IX: — Pishes and Eels. 

"When I wrote number nine I was supposed to be done with the nature stor- 
ies, but a seeond thought brings to mind fishes and eels, and I feel that the 
series will not be complete until I tell you something of the linny tribe, that 
brought so many half holidays to a hard working farm boy. 

In the snake story I mentioned streams with silt aiid muck, there was 

that there were three streams run- no end to the small fish in them. With 

ning across the farm; one we called what we called "fly" hooks just large 

a creek, known as Cedar creek; the ot- enough to bold a very small bit of 

her two were what we called branches fish worm, we caught them by the 

heading from bold springs in wooded half gallon. Branch minnows, sun 

land, and clear and cool. Fifty years perch, occasionally a cat fish or an eel 

ago, before the erosion of the soil Then there were raft and holes, and it 

(gullies across farms) filled such was in these holes we caught the 



large one occasionally a "horney- 
head," a small fish belonging to the 
sacker family. 

As we gre"\v larger and more fear- 
less of snakes we took to the "dip- 
net," a net in shape of a butterfly 
net, with strong handle. With this we 
went into the stream, and dipping in- 
to the holes we caught all there was 
therein. Often we would go home 
with a gallon bucket filled with these 
small minnows, which were cleaned, 
salted and fried after rolling them in 
corn meal, and cooked until they were 
so brown there were no bones to 
bother you; and they were fit for a 

These branch minnows were inter- 
esting as well as good for food and 
sport. One seldom sees it now, and 
many a grown man would not know 
what he was looking at if he saw a 
minnow's spawning bed, made of 
stones. When the weather is well 
warmed up these minnows come out 
of the holes and roll stones from the 
bed of the scream into a pile, in a 
shoal like place where the water is 
four or five inches deep, and fasten 
the eggs to these stones, and take 
care of them, so far as other fish were 
concerned, until the small ones hatch. 
Then it is live or die as best it can. 

A freshet would wipe out nil these 
fish beds, destroy all the young in the 
muddy water if it came at the right 
time, but like other things in nature 
they went to work to rebuild or make 
new nests. That was the branch min- 
nows way of propagating its species. 
The larger fish stick their eggs to 
rocks and stumps and such things as 
"they find under water. Several va- 
rieties that inhabit ponds make a bed 
Jn sand near the bank, where the wa- 

ter is warm, lay the eggs there and 
stay with them until hatched to keep 
the pond minnows from eating them. 
The fish we called sun-perch nests this 
way, and one can have fine sport fol- 
lowing the banks, in May and fishing 
in the eddies and secluded spots for 
this fish. Always on the lookout 
for enemies, you only have to drop a 
baited hook near a nest, and the 
mother and father fish take it at 
once. Not a proper sport, at that 
season, for yon kill those that are 
making more fish. 

On Cedar creek there were two 
mill ponds, well stocked with many 
kinds of native fish, and it was to 
these we went when seeking larger 
"fry." Here we caught with hooks 
the perch mentioned above, cats, eels, 
a mill pond lish called a "shad- 
roach," named for its similarity in 
shape to the shad on the market in 
spring, for which the eoast waters 
of North and South Carolina are 
noted in the spring of the year. But 
with us the fish we prized most was 
silver-perch, very much like the sun 
perch except it is silver bright, a 
game fish that bites live bait. It is 
still a favorite in eastern North Caro- 
lina. The upper pond on this creek 
was the property of the late George 
Whitfield, and was our favorite place 
to fish in day light. In this pond 
were more sun-porch, at one time, 
than I ever saw anywhere. Sitting 
on the bank with these fly hooks, 
when the day was right one caught 
them until he was tired of it. 

AVhen we wanted something larger 
we went to the Norman Long pond, 
two miles or more down the creek, 
where we caught large cats and eels 
with hook after niffht. We built a 


boa-fire on the bank, which made water with sticks. One of the 

light to see the cork; here we fished branches headed in a quagmire and: 

and played. Then we had. what we swamp covering as much as two acres, 

called "trot-lines," a long strong and we found many large eels near 

line with a hook fastened to a short this in summer. We supposed they 

line about every Tour feet. These we went in that place to spawn. The 

baited with cut bait (fish or meat cut eel is too snake-like for many people 

up) and fastened each end of the long to eat, but they are as line a fried 

line to a strung stake driven into the (isli as one could ask. 

mud. About every hour or two we A favorite fishing sport was what . 
fished the lines. This we did with a we called "going gigging." In the | 
boat, taking off the fish and ells that spring a fi-h from the ponds that would 
were buns on the hooks and rebaiting not bite "a hook, that was called a | 
them. The fish mostly caught were "mullet,"' ran up the streams either 
cats. Father and 1 were fishing these seeking food or breeding [daces, that 
lines <me night, when a large Mack we killed with "Gigs," a three prong- 
snake that had been run into the ed iron, like rake teeth, which was 
water took refuge in <mr boat, but fastened into a stall'. Armed with 
the boat was too small for three; we these and a turn of fat-lightwood," 
killed it with the oar. That was not (rich pine) which we burned for a 
a very good feeling, in a small boat, torch light, we waded these creeks 
in deep water, with a big snake. at night, finding the mullets on shoals, 
The eels made lots of fun in fishing, lying still, no doubt placing their 
both with the hook and with the ''dip eggs on the stones. They seemed 
net" or seine. I caught many that unable to see, and we drove the gig 
weighed live pounds, and it took some into them. Some of them were a 
work to land one of these strong and pound in weight. Sometimes the eel 
slimy fellows. They bit hooks well, happened to be out and it got the 
and when they went up the streams same dose. Occasionally we had to 
in the summer we found many in the reckon with a water snake, but it had 
creeks and killed them in shallow a poor show when a gig was handy. 

What Is Muscle Shoals? 

Why so much talk about Muscle Shoals? What is it? Where is ic? Ques- 
tions of this type are frequently heard, and it is doubtful if many persons 
have an accurate conception of the importance of this project 

Muscle Shoals is a series of rap- The width between banks var::s 

ids or shoals in the Tennessee River from 1000 to 9000 feet. The ctr- 

near Florence, Alabama. rent is very rapid, the slope is as 

The shoals extend a distance of 37 great as 15 per cent in certain places. 

miles, and the fall in thatdistance is The U.S. Government construct' 

134 feet. ed a nitrate plant at Muscle Shoals 


during the War. The plant was op- power-house will contain IS gener- 

•erated with coal on an experimental ating units. Each unit is directly 

ba:;is; it required 1500 tons of coal connected with a turbine. The first 

iper day to run the plant. four of these wheels will generate 

Wilson Dam was begun with the 30,000 horsepower each, while the 

•expectatation of utilizing the water remaining 14 will have a capacity 

power instead of coal. The Tennes- of 36,000 h rsepower each giving a 

see River is 652 miles long and drains total of 624,000 horsepower. 

40,570 square iriles of territory; of In the construction work it was 

this area, 30,514 square miles are a- necessary to construct 27 miles of 

have the dam. The discharge of railroad track. The rolling stock 

water at Florence varies from S200 comprises 23 locomotives, 79 box 

to 499,000 cubic feet per second. It cars and 109 flat and dump cars, 

was anticipated that the nitrate plant The sand and gravel for construc- 

would use only a portion of the pow- tion is dredged from the river nine 

er generated and the remainder miles below Florence and brought to 

might be used in nearby cities such the dam <n barges. The dredging 

as Birmingham, Memphis. Nashville, capacity is 2.000 cubic yards daily. 

Chattanooga and numerous smaller Compared with other large dams 

cities. of the world, the order would be as 

The earth excavation for the locks follows: (1) Wilson Dam; (2) As- 

is 344,437 cubic yards. I he rock souan Dam, Egypt; (3) Kensico Dam, 

excavation for the locks is 220,000 New York; (4) New Croton Dam, 

cubic yards. The locks will require New York; (5) Keokuk Dam, Iowa 

80,000 cubic yards of concrete. The Illinois; (6) Olive Bridge, New York; 

pool above the dam will cover 14,- (7) lonsa Dam, India; (8) Poons 

■987 acres of land, and the depth of Dam, India; (9) Roosevelt Dam, Ari- 

tbe water at the dam will be 101 zona; (10) Barrerj Jack Dam, Aus- 

feet but the apron extends 59 feet tralia. This order is based upon size 

farther down stream thus giving a of masonry, 
total base width of 160 feet. The 

How Trouble And Fear Affect People. 


The newspapers have been printing a story coming from Glasgow, Scotland, 
to the effect that a religious wave is sweeping over the fishing villages on the 
east coast of Scotland, the result of the failure of the herring fishing season. 
The failure of the fishing season, a very serious matter to the fisher folk, the 
same as a crop failure to the farmers, is believed to be visitation of Divine 
displeasure for unrighteous living. Whereupon the fishermen, we are told, 
are parading the highways, singing hymns, testifying, and in other ways mani- 
festing religious fervor. 

The story is probably true, for it is call the Lord when in touble and for- 
veiy characteristic of humankind to get Him in days of posterity. The 


small boy expressed it when, being 
asked why he said his prayers at 
night and omitted them in the morn- 
ing, replied that any smart boy could 
take care of himself in daylight. 
The grown-ups, many of them, pro- 
ceed on that theory, although they 
are not ascandid about it as the boy, 
illustrating the truth "of the adage that 
"only fools" and children tell the 

While the Scotch are not different 
in this respect from other folks, the 
foregoing recalls a story of two Scotch 
fishermen who were driven out to sea 
in a small boat and finally gave them- 
selves up for lost. Then they agreed 
it was time to pray, and while one 
continued the effort to keep the boat 
afloat the other lifted up his voice 
in supplication. First he made con- 
fession of sin, and after telling the 
Lord how wicked he had been he was 
beginning to pledge reformation if 
only he and his companion were de- 
livered from the peril then encompass- 
ing them. But before he had well 
started in the enumeration of the evil 
deeds from which he would refrain if 
spared, his companion, who was keep- 
ing the lookout, called to him: '•Don't 
commit yourself o'er far, Tanimas; I 
think I see land." 

That illustrates some more. If the 
danger is about to pass there is less 
desire to make promises that would be 
hard to fulfill. 

The earthquake that shook up this 
part of the country in ISSti produced 
much religious fervor for the time. 
While the old earth was trembling, 
and for some days afterward, while 
the feeling of insecurity lasted, there 
•was a mighty calling on the Lord for 
help and protection. The callers wore 

very much in earnest for the time, 
but it is probable that many of them 
left off praying as soon as the ground 
felt firm under their feet. A meeting 
was in progress at a church in Iredell 
county when the shake came. Special 
effort had been made to reach one of 
the unconverted in the congregation, 
but he had resisted all appeals. But 
when the earth trembled, the building 
rocking on its foundation, and one of 
the preachers called attention to it as 
a manifestation of the power of the 
Almighty, that hardened sinner made 
a rush for the altar with such haste 
that thy had to give him clear track. 
He needed no urging' when he was 

I am reminded here of a story the 
late Judge Armfield of Statesville used 
to tell. Some of the older people 
may recall that many years ago a 
mountain — Bald Mountain emitted 
rumblings that suggested volcanic 
eruption. And as in the case of the 
earthquake in later years, many of the 
residents of the countyside became 
alarmed and proceeded to call on the 
Lord for help. Judge Armfield said 
that an old minister, a good man, who 
lived in the vicinity, had a "hound- 
boy" (a boy he was rearing) who was 
much given to profanity, much to the 
good man's distress, and the boy con- 
tinued to swear despite all efforts of 
the old man to break, him of the habit. 
One night the rumblings from Bald 
Mountain were particularly loud and 
terrifying. Aroused from his sleep 
by the noise, and believing that the 
end was probably at hand, the boy 
rushed from the room where he slept, 
screaming infright. Coming into the 
presence of the preacher, he found the 
latter sitting as quietly by his hearth- 





?nse ' 


len. ; 





the |[ 


























stone as if nothing had happened. going to Him only when we are in 

Quaking with terror the boy asked the dire need and ignoring our obligations 

old man if he thought the end of the when tilings are going well with us, 

Tvorhl had come. Quietly the good can hardly be commended or defended. 

man, serene in the faith, answered It. is somewhat like the practice of the; 

that lie didn't know, but if it had heathen, who make special effort to 

(here was no canse for alarm; noth- propitiate their gods when calamity 

ing to be accomplished by getting ex- befalls, on the theory that '.heir 

cited. Exasperated by the lack of troubles are a sign that the gods are 

comfort he found in the answer the angry. But many there be no doubt 

1 boy's ruling habit asserted itself and who regard the Almighty only as a 

he cried out: "Yes, blank you, you help in time of trouble and proceed on 

know you are prepared to go ami f the theory of the fellow who, im- 

ain't." ploring Divine assistance to get out 

It's all right to call on the L> rd of a tight place, reminded the Lord 

when we are in trouble; we are in- that he hadn't bothered Him niuf-h 


vited to do that but the practice of recently. 

"More than sixty years ago at Tunis on the northern coast of Afrisa 
the American consul died and at that place was Turned. He was not great 
as a statesman, jurist or warrior — he had never led in council, court or 
field. Why was it then, that the bones and dust of John Howard Payne, 
that had lain so long on the far off shore of the Mediterranean were 
brought back home to rest in his native land? 

And why, now, were these honors without parallel in human history 
paid his memory? Ah! How well you know the answer! How quickly 
your swelling hearts respond! He wrote one song in which he embodied 
and embossed the most precious desire and the most undying emotion of 
the universal heart of man, woman and child. He wrote "Home, Sweet 
Home." There are but fourteen lines to this blessed song including the 
chorus, but it will live as long as our blue mountains stand. Home. Home! 
Sweet, Sweet, Home ! Its strains have visited all lands and encicled the 
globe; they have ravishd the ear in the palaces of royality and wealth, and 
in the pleasant's lonely hut, John Howard Payne sang the song of home. 
He interpreted the human heart. "There is no place like home", the poet 
cries, and the whole world cried in unison "be it ever so humble, there 
is no place like home." — From Hon. 0. Max Gardner's Speech before the 
N, 0. Society of Philadelphia. 


Cordelia's Adventure With The Burglar 

The dull grey mist that had enveloped Mount Tom all day came sweep.; 
ing down in sheets of rain through the valley. As the twilight deepened, 
the clouds hung oppressively low and night came quickly on. It was that] 
swift approaching darkness that roused Cordelia from her story, and made! 
her glance apprehensively out of the farmhouse window. For the firs: 
time that day she fully realized that she was alone, and the sudden sens,: 
of isolation filled her with vague fears. 

"Mother and I will be home be- away. Then she lighted the lamp; 

fore dark unless some accident de- 
tains us," had been her father's last 
words as he drove down the road to 
Springfield that morning. But the 
darkness was falling, and, strain her 
ears as she might, Cordelia could 
hear no sound of the approaching 
wheels that must bring them home. 
There was only the steady drip, drip 
of the rain from the eaves. The sound 
oppressed her. What if there had 
been an accident? What if they 
should not return until morning? 
But they must come. She pressed 
her face close against the window 
pane, only to draw back, frightened 
by the deepening shadows and the 
moaning of the wind through the 
pines. For one moment, sh ; was 
half determined to go to her friend, 
Helen Simpson, who lived on the 
nearest farm. The next, she shrank 
away pith dread from the thought 
cf the long mile of lonely road she 
must travel in the darkness and 
driving rain. 

The story she had been reading 
only added to her uneasiness. It 
was about a young girl made pris- 
oner bv a burglar who had passed 
himself off as a frbnd in order to 
gain entrance to the house. Corde- 
lia shivered. Fear was taking tight 
hold of her and she must shake it 
off. She closed the book and put it 

in the living room and the kitchen. 
That made things better. She bus- 
ied herself with preparations for 
supper, and as the occupation re- 
stored her courage somewhat, she 
sang a little to assure herself that 
she was quite at ease. When sup- 
per was ready to be placed on the 
table, she returned to the living 
room and took up her sewing. The 
storm was increasing, and the rush 
ana drive without only made more 
palpable the silence within. She tried 
desperately to laugh at the fear s 
that settled upon her once more. 

Hark! There was the sound of 
wheels splashing through mud and 
water- then a sudden halt. Sne 
picked up the la t.p and ran to the 
door. A carraige had driven up to 
the gate, and a man stepped out. 
Cordelia saw at once that it was 
not her father. She drew back in- 
to thp shadow of the door, intend- 
ing to close and bar it. But she was 
too late.. The stranger was coming 
rapidly toward her. Ashe advanced, 
she saw him take a keen survey of 
the house aud its surroundings. At 
the door, he held out his han't to 
her and exclaimed, "Why, how do 
you do, cousin? Time does fl\. I 
expected to see a little girl, an I I 
find a yong lady." 

Just then a driving gust of wind 



and rain blew out the light. She 
hasd'y knew how it happened, but 
the next moment found her and the 
stranger in the cheerful living room. 
He noticed her agitation, and said 
reassuringly, "It's all right. I am 
your father's cousin Harry 
"from the West. I suppose he has 
told you about me and my business 

"No, father never spoke of any 
cousin in the West," said Cordelia, 
as she mentally contrasted his dark 
hair, black piercing eyes, and thin, 
wiry form with her very blond fath- 
er, who tipped the scales at two 

, hundred pounds. 

The stranger laughed good-natur- 
edly, and falling into talk about his 
home and his friends, at last almcst 
convinced hei that he was her cou- 
sin. Rut she could not keep her 

i attention from wandering, and much 
that he said was wholly lost upon 
her. She wondered if she ought to 
offer him the supper fast drying 
"n the kitchen stove. She thought 
of his horse out there in the storm, 
and marveled at his indifference. 
What could it mean? Was he hold- 
ing it in readiness for flight when--? 
Would father and mother never 
come? Conversation laggtd, and 
the stranger, falling into a deep 
study, sat with his head resting on 
his hand. Cordelia was faacinated 
by the long, slender fingers. Had 
they ever---her hand went unbidden 
to her throat; the thought was too 
horrible to be finished. 

A blast of wind came shrieking 
around the house. The shutters 
banged back and fourth. The rain 
fell in a fresh torrent. It was an 
awful night. 

Suddenly the visitor asked, "May 
I look at the heirlooms that I have 

come to so far see?" 

For a moment Cordelia's heart 
stopped beating. The heirloom! 
How did this strange man know a- 
bout great, grandmother Cordelia's 
diamond necklace, hidden in mother's 
closet? He had posed as her father's 
cousin as a ruse to get into the house. 
But how had he found out that she 
was alone with the heirloom? 

"Oh! we keep them in the village 
bank. Father d >esn't consider them 
safe in the house." She managed 
to reply. 

The stranger's eyes narrowed 
and he looked curiously at her "Oh! 
he knows! he knows! "she moaned 

"Well, then, cousin," said the 
stranger, "1 am very tired, if you 
wi 1 show me the way I'll put my 
horse up and then I'll retire." 
"Cousin, indeed!" thought Cordelia. 
What could she do? She dare not 
allow this strange man to sleep in 
the house; Yet how could it be 
avoided? Wishing to retire so 
early, too, and without waiting for 
father to come home! And that pre- 
tense of looking after his hoase! It 
w as all an excuse to throw her off the 
scent and to begin bis predatory 

She took the light, and going with 
him to the door, pointed the way to 
the stable in the rear. As he dis- 
appeared with his horse around the 
corner of the house she closed the 
door softly, shot the bolt, and turn- 
ed the key in the lock. 'Ihen she 
stood with her back against the wall, 
panting, trembling. She was rid 
of him at last. But not for long. He 
would return in a few minutes. Per- 
haps he would breakdown the door. 
He might get in at the window. 
But he should not find what he- 




Swiftly she fled up the stairs. 
Her heart was in her mouth, but 
she was determined to find a hiding 
place for the precious old necklace. 
From the closet in her mother's 
room see took the jewel case, and 
standing breathless looked about her 
for some place of great security. 
The rain beat against the pains 
faster and faster, as the wind 
whistled down the chimney. Yet 
how quiet the house was! And how 
the minutes dragged! The sol- 
emn tick-tock of the ancient clock on 
the stairs seemed to be marking 
time for eternity. 

"It must be nearly midnight," 
thought she. Hark! The clock was 
striking, she counted the strokes--- 
only eight O'clock. 

If the stranger should return and 
try to enter the house just then, 
Cordelia knew that she shculd shriek. 
Listen! was she dreaming? No, that 
was the sound of wheels coming to 
a halt. Tnere was the sound of 
voices-- her father's voice; yes, and 
Mr. Simpon's, their nearest neigh- 
bor. They were speaking loudly 
that they might hear each other 
above the storm. With a mad rush 
Cordelia dashed down the stairs, 
threw open the door, and tan out of 
the housp. 

Past her mother she darted, and 
reaching her father, thrust the box 
into his hand. "He's there," she 

cried, pointing toward the stable. 
"After it; after great grandmother's 
diamond necklace!" 

A hurried explanation followed 
and her father vehemently declared, 
"I'll shoot him!" 

"Father, father," protested his 
wife, "be careful." 

"Father, let Mr. Simpson go with 
you," cried CordJia frantically, as 
her father started in pursuit of the 
burglar. - 

The neighbor was already on the 
ground, prepared to lend his aid. As 
the two men went toward the stable, 
the stranger came harmlessly enough 
around the corner of the house. 

Face to face with the two men 
with their heavy sticks, he exclaim- 
ed, "Why, what's all this row? I 
came halfway across the continent to 
buy two family heirlooms, a Sherat- 
ton sideboard and a chippendale table 
from mv cousin. What does this 
treatmeut mean." 

"Your excuse won't keep you 
from jail, although it did fool my 
daughter," exclamed the irate farm- 
er. "You're no cousin of mine, 
you rascal." 

A burse of hearty laughter from 
Mr. Simpson interrupted the host- 
ilities. "Why, it's my cousin Har- 
ry from Omaha!" he exclaimed. 
"You landed at the wrong place, 
Harry; I live a mile further on." 

A man rushed clown the platform just as a train was a puling out. Ee 
frantically waved cne of his twenty-five-pound grips in his effort to in- 
duce the brakeman on the rear of the train to signal the engineer to slow 
down. For a hundred yards he sprinted, only to give up the race. A 
sympathetic hystander drawled out to the limp, exhausted figure, "Were 
you trying catch the train?" "Oh, no," grasper the traveler. "I was 
just chasing it out of the yard." 


2 5- 



By Gail Hamilton 

Mary A. Docile, better \nowh as "Gail Hamilton," was born in Hamilton, 
Mass., about 1 838. She was a eery popular. Writer. Among her works are 
"Woman's IVorlh and Woman's IVorthlessness," "Battle of the Books," "Ser- 
mons to the Clergy," "Qala Days," and 'Country Lioing and Country Think- 
ing." The following sketch will give a good idea of her style. She Was a eery 
bright and piquant Writer. 

A chicken is beautiful and round 
and full of cunning ways, but he has 
no resources for an emergency, lie 
will lose his reckoning and be quite 
out at sea, though only ten steps 
from home. lit never knows enough 
to torn a corner. All his intelligence 
is like light, moving only in straight 
lines. He is impetuous and timid, 
and has not the smallest presence of 
mind or sagacity to discern between 
friend and foe. He has no confi lence 
in any earthly power that does not 
reside in an old hen. Her cluck will 
be followed to the last ditch, and to 
nothing else will he give heed. 

1 am afraid that the Interpreter 
was putting almost too fine a point 
upon it, when he had Christiana 
and her children "into another 
room, where was a hen and chickens, 
and bid them to observe awhile. So 
one of the chickens went to the 
trough to drink, and every time she 
drank she lifted up her head and her 
her eyes toward heaven. 'See,' 
said he, 'what this little chick 
doth, and learn of her to acknow- 
ledge whence your mercies come, 
by receiving them with looking up.' : ' 

Doubtless the chick lift her eyes 
toward heaven, but a close acquain- 
tance with the race would put any- 
thing but acknowledgment in 
the act. A gratitude that thanks 
heaven for favors received, and 

thens runs into a hole to prevent 
any other person from sharing the 
benefit of those favors, is a very 
questionable kind of gratitude, and 
certainly should be confined to the 
bipeds that wear feathers. 

Yet if you take selfishness from a 
chicken's moral make-up, and fat- 
uity from his intellectual, you have 
a very charming little creature left. 
For, apart from their excessive 
greed, chickens seem to be affection- 
ate. '1 hey have sweet, social ways. 

1 hey huddi • together with fond, 
caressing crater, and chirp soft 
lullabies, i'heir toilet performances 
are full of interest. I hey trim each 
other' i bills with great thoroughness 
and dexterity, much better, indeed, 
than they dress their own heads, for 
their bungling, awkward little claws 
make sad work of it. 

It is as much as they can do to 
stand on two feet, and they natur- 
ally make several revolutions when 
they attempt to stand on one. No- 
thing can be more ludicrous than 
their early efforts to walk. They 
do not rea'ly walk. They sight their 
object, wave, balance, decide, and 
then tumble foward, stopping all in 
a heap as soon as the original im- 
petus is lost---generally some way 
ahead of the place to which they 
wished to go. 

It is delightful to watch them as 



drowsiness films their round, bright, silence. 

black eyes, and the dear old mother And as I sit by the hour, watch-,", 

croons them under her ample wings, ing their winning- ways, and see alk e ; 

and they nestle in perfect harmony. the steps of .this sleepy subsidence, '„! 

How they manage to bestow them- 1 can but remember that outbust of F j 

selves with such limited accommo- love and sorrow from the lips of Him |', e 

dations. or how they manage to who, though he came to earth from a r| 

breathe in a room so close, itisdiffi- dwelling place of ineffable glory, call- | e 

cult to imagine They certainly deal ed nothing unclean because it wa 


a staggering blow to our pivconceiv- common, rounu no nomeiy uetau coon 
ed notions of the necessity of oxygen homely or too trivial to illustrate the^'? 
and ventilation, but they make it Father's love; but from the birds off 

easy to see whence the Germans de- the air, the'fish of the sea, the lilies of 

rived their fashion of sleeping under the field, the stones in the street, 

feather beds. Rut breath and bestow the foxes in their holes, the patch or 

themselves they do. The deepmoth- the coat, the oxen in the furrow, the 

er heart and the broad mother sheep in the pit, the camel under 

wings take them all in. his burden, drew lessons of divine 

They penetrate her feathers, and pitv and patience, of heavenly duty 

open for themselves unseen little and delight. 

doors into * he mysterious, brood- Standing in the presence of the ,. 

ing, beckoning darkness. But it is great congregation, seeing, as never ' : 

long before they can arrange them- man saw, the hypocrisy and the in- 

selves satisfactorily. They chirp, iquity gathered before him- -seeing 

and stir, and snuggle, trying to find too, alas, the calamities and the woe 

the softest and warmest nook. Now that awaited this doomed people, a 

an uneasy head is thrust out, and godlike pity overbears his righteous 

now a whole tiny body; but it soon indignation, and cries out in passion- 

reenters in another quarter, and at ate appeal' "0 Jerusalem, Jerusa- 

length the stir and chirp grow still. lem, thou that killest the prophets, 

You see only a collection of little and stonest them which are sent 

legs, as if the hen were a banyan unto thee, how often would I have 

tree, and presently even they disap- gathered thy children together, even 

pear. She settles down comfortably, as a hen gathered her chickens un- 

and all are wrapped in a slumberous der her wings, and ye would not! 



In making a long journey, for pleasure or otherwise, we usually pass many 
mile posts before we begin to grow retrospective and think over the tlrngs f 
seen and the miles traveled and the time taken to make the trip. 

Of course, you have observed that tie journey of life may have been all ' 

old people after passing many mile pleasure, without an incident to sha- ' 

posts in the journey of life begin to dow it; or it may have been inter- e 

live and think in the past. This lit- rupted and annoyed with jolts and 


trembles; but let that be as it may, birthday, remarked, ''do you know 

there is one outstanding thing in every my father always made me look him 

life that in a subconscious manner be- squarely in the face when addressing' 

comes a part of ns and is carried him for he said, 'a liar or dishonest 

through life and, at times least ex- fellow would drop his eyes' " Thi3 

peeted, lias its influence. man is obsessed with this belief of his 

Despite the fact there are disap- now sainted father, 
pointinents for us all we endeavor to A woman of mature years, with a. 
choose the road of least insistence varied experience in the activities of 
and the one that pleases the most. life, in a retrospective mood said, "as- 
Can you, gentle reader, who have a young lady out in the world making 
passed many mile post's in life's my own way 1 never received gentle- 
journey recall one impressive incident men callers in the evening that I did 
while under parental training that not hear, as 1 did when at home, 
served you well when far removed the voice of mother say, '10:30, 
from the home fireside and protection daughter.' " 'Yes, 10:30, daughter' 
and guidance of parental love .' Sure- was the still small voice of a loving 
Iv so, for I believe all children, girls and tender mother, and this mother 
or lioys, let the home be as it may, left her imprint and continued to 
will reflect the character of the home, wield an influence over her girl several 

A man. then passed his fiftieth hundred miles away." 

About The Raven 

By Harriett Wilbur. 

"Raven' dreamy flake of night. 
Drifting in the :ye of day." 

— William Morris. 

They say that when a French modiste has created what she calls a "work 
of art" she always adds a finishing touch of black to "make it perfect." 
Nature has done the same thing, and a bright sunny landscape, whether 
in simmer green or winter white, touched it up wonderfully with the intro- 
duction of a raven perched conspicuously in the foreground, or winging his 
way slowly accross midway between the blue above and the earth beneath. 

The raven seems to be the same ties pass for geographic races, 

bird wherever he is found; this was This glossy black member of the 

the opinion of Audubon, and though crow family is a native of northern 

son, e bird-students have t>'ipd to find Europe, Asia and America, though 

enough differences between the Old it is now practically exterminated in 

World and the New World birds to the eastern slates. 

class them as separate species, Probably many observers do not 

modern naturalists agree with Aud- distinguish between the raven and "a 

ubon, and let the slight dissimilari- large crow." Raven is about two 



feet long and similar in build to the 
-crow; the plumage is compact, glossy 
black, with viclet and greenish re- 
flections, the feathers of the chin 
and thoats in particular are unique 
to the species, being long, stiff, nar- 
row, even bristly, and with very dis- 
tinct outlines. '1 he female is slightly 
smaller than the male, hut in other 
respects is his double. 

Once found over the entire conti- 
nent of North America, from Labra- 
dor to the Gulf of Mexico, the raven 
is now seen but occasionally in many 
of its former haunts. In the Rocky 
Mountains, where men are scarce, it 
is holding its own fairly well, but 
from the more accessible and move 
thickly populated regions it is slowly 
passing away. The same story is true 
in Europe; it has almost entirely dis- 
appeared from the British Island. 
One wriier comments on this loss as 

"The American Raven probably 
will be safe in his Rocky Mountain 
haunts for years to come, but he is 
so far removed from man's habita- 
tions that his picturesquenes, his 
oddieties, his gravities and his croak- 
ings virtually are lost to the world. 
It is a hard state of affairs when in- 
dividuality in animal l ; fe brings per- 
secution and death." 

The individuality of the raven is 
by no means abhorrent. The bird 
is generally seen singly, or in pairs, 
except perhaps in small family flocks 
after the breeding season Though 
naturally aloof and lonely it is easily 
domesticated by kindness, and be- 
comes much attached to its master, 
following him like a dog; it can be 
taught to imitate the human voice 
and to pronounce a few words with 
great distinctness. In short, it is a 
very sagacious, courageous and 


powerful bird, yet though wary and 
distrustful by nature, it is docile 
and affectionate when domesticated. 
"'J he bird is not altogether bad," 
runs one comment. "It does rob the 
nests of other birds, and it is this trait 
of character which has lost it life 
and caste in England. The game- 
keeper there shoots it on sight, and 
in recent years, because of the "ro- 
wing scarcity, the museum collec- 
tors have been hunting the raven in 
all places where it is reported to 
have dared to show its head. The 
probabilities are that the raven does 
more good than it does harm. It 
kills thousands of young rodents 
that would grow up to become 
pests fjf the field; voracious to the 
point of eating anything and 
everything that can be called food, 
it is particularly fond of carrion, 
whether of flesh, fish or fowl, dead 
from disease or from accident, so 
it is also valuable as a scavenger. It 
will ev'en attack an animal the size 
of a sheep that is helpless or dying" 
The habit is referred to by the 

"And vast confusion waits, 
As doeth a raven on a sick-fallen 

---King John 
"And there between me and the 

I saw the expecting raven fly. 
Who scarce would wait 'till both 

should die, 
Ere his repast begun; 
He flew, and perch 'd, then flew 

once more, 
And each time nearer than before; 
I saw his wing through twilight flit, 
And once so near me he alit 

I could have smote, butlack'd the 


—Lord Byron. 



800 Skeletons. 

Bristol, Va.-Tenn., Jan. 25. ---Discovery of approximately 800 human 
skeletons in a cave in the mountains about 15 miles from Bristol was made 
today by Professor Henry Woodman of this city, who made an inspection 
of the cave at the invitation of mountaineers. 

An opening which runs 40 feet earth. '! he bones were partly" cov- 

stn.ight down in the earth was 
found several days ago by people liv- 
ing in that section. I pon making 
investigation they found several hu- 
man skulls. The skulls, were brought 
to Bristol and newspapapermen and 
college professors were asked to en- 
ter and inspect the interior of the 

Upon descending the tunnel by 
means of a rope Professor Woodman 
found a heap of human bones 30 feet 
high and about SO feet wide. Indian 
hatchets and beads were also found 
found, 'i he cave has several tunnels 
reaching off on the sides and is in 
the shape cf a huge crevice in the 

Institutional No 

(Henry B. Faucette, Reporter.) 


Johny Wright received a visit 
from his home folks last Wednesday. 

The boys, whose business it was 
tc bottom chairs, have had an idle- 
period. Now, they are resuming 
their work. 

Rev. Mr. Osborn, of Concord, who 
preached for us Sunday filled the 
boys with admiration and nice resol- 
utions by his fine seimon on the trial 
of Christ. 

The total of 200 boys has at last 
been reached, This is the result of 

ered over by earth which is thought 
to have fallen in from the opening 
above. The peak of the heap is 
directly under the entrance and this 
leads t( the belief that the Indians 
thew their dead into the cavity. 

The heap is cone shaped and con- 
tains an assortment of every bone in 
the human body. Professor Wood- 
man declares experiments show that 
some of the bones have been in the 
cave for about 1,000 years. A num- 
ber of experts and archalologists are 
planning to spend a night in the cave 
to continue the investigation. The 
cave is located in a spot in the moun- 
tains almost inaccessible. 

the opening of sixth Cottage. Soon 
we hope the seventh Cottage's doors 
will be thrown open. 

Because of some possibly overlook- 
ed precaution, the pipes of cottage 
No. 3 froze Friday night and 
bursted. The result of this was to 
flood the boys sitting room. Every- 
thing is now all O. K. 

In a combat of physical prowress, 
the printers overcame the shop boys 
in a short but hot contested match 
of strength. Mr, Goer's offer to 
give kindling to start fires was the 
great incentive in the contest. 

Saturday, a day which all the boys 
look forward to is the day of all 
matches, such as spelling, buzz and 



multiplication matches etc. In the 
big room, as this is the name the 
boys have given it, not because of 
its size but for its most advanced 
books, had a spelling and buzz match 
to take up the 2 hours of school 

Mr. Cloer, of No. 5, is making 
book cases for the new school room 
presided ov<:r by Miss Greenlee, 
and for Cottages No, 5 and 6. The 
boys are grateful for this because 
book shelves have been a much need 
ed convenience. Thanks are ex- 
tended the Mr. Cloer. 

In talking of a debate they heard 
in No. 5, Miss Teague and several 
other matrons requested that this 
question be debated, Resolved: that 
women should have the right to 
enter into all political business. They 
will attend this debate when it comes 
off next Friday, and will doubtless 
be highly entertained. 

Well, folks, it's arrived at last. 
Doubtless you know that of which 
I am speaking of—snow, ''It never 
rains, but what it pours," is a faith- 
ful and true saying. This snow 
wasn't hard enough, consequently 
the toys, although they snowballed 
to a great extent, did not have a 

When a position of importance is 
vacant, usually it has to be filled sat- 
isfactorily and quickly. The other 
night, due to sickness, Mr. D. A. 
Corizine was off his duty as night- 
watchman. Some one had to take 
his place, no officers was available 
at this time, therefore it was dicid- 
ed to use a boy at the school. Rich- 
ard Johnson was chosen. He filled 
this responsible position creditably 

to himself and 

satisfactorily to the 

The boys of the Guilford Cottage 
organized a Literary Society some 
weeks ago, and when searching for 
a name they decided to name it af- 
ter some great friend and benefac- 
tor of the school; so they named it 
in honor of Mr. E. P. Wharton, of 
Greensboro. This fine man is a 
member of the Board of Trustees, 
and they "could nsme their society 
after no better man. The boys of 
this cottage are proud of their so- 


"Re sure your sin will find you 
out." the Buffalo Evening Times 

A policeman was standing on a 
corner in New Orleans. Up stepped 
a man and asked why the street car 
didn't stop when he signaled them. 
He didn't get the kind of answer he 
expected, for the policeman recog- 
nized him as "one of the cleverest 
passers of bad checks ever known, 
wanted in many cities." The law 
gets nearly all of them, in the long 
run. Master minds, among crimi- 
nals, exist only in detective-story fic- 

We hear much eiiticism of the 
agents of justice, for failure to :.p- 
prehend criminals. Yet instances 
are numerous :>f men committing 
crimes and indefinitely escaping pi n- 
ishment. One would have thought 
that Matthew Bullock, wanted in 
Warren on the charge of inciting to 
riot, was tolerably safe in Cana'.a. 
Rut not so. A letter to his relati es 
in Warren couuty revealed to watch- 
ful Warren officers his whereabouts 


and when tne Canadian officials rea- the chariots of fire never appear. 
lizd that they cannot refuse to turn The golden lands that l.e at the 
over to North Carolina authorities a end of the rainbow are never reach- 
person charged with crime in this ed. Acres, their firmament the 
State, he will bo sent on here to meteors of great success never flash, 
stand his trial. It's the steady grind day after 

Men need not commit crime think- day in th 2 face of ups and downs 

inc.' that they can get away with it that makes a fellow's dreams coma 

easily. true. Constant application, persisten- 

— ly and dogged determination are the 

Tne Steady Grind qualities that win at last. 

The fellow who knows how to grind Shaking dice with fate is a fool's 

gets there in the end. ^ame. History records the victories 

Some people are always looking ?f no man who was not a day laborer 

for sky rockets. They believe human 

in life's harvest field. 

Good luck is the rarest flower 
TherbeiieVin7santaCl a u S that blooms and it blossoms mostly 
for adults. They expect to wake up ln * he gardens of imagination. 
some morning and find themselves , 1/ your rival is a steady grinder, 
wealthy, famous and powerful. But look out for hira.-Selected. 


?'2.50 will secure the Progressive Farmer and The Uplift for one year. 
A saving of fifty cents is made by using this club arrangement. Try it. 

a— . 

kJ if 

Issued Weekly— Subscription $2.00 

CONCOKD, N. C, FEB. 11, 1922 

NO. 14 

"Bottom Rail Gets On Top." 

Some one tells of coming back to the place she had 
lived as a child. Passing a fina big house she read a 
name on the brass plate upon the door. 

"Who is Dr. Joseph Walker?" she asked 

"Why, don't you remember? He lived in a little house 
close to yours." 

What! Joe Walker who used to pick berries for us in 
the summer?" 

"Do you remember anything about him?" 

"No, except that my father said the berries Joe picked 
never had to be gone over a second time, and he never 
wasted a moment." 

"Well, that's just what they say about him now. That's 
how he has got on. " — The Evangelical. 






ietween the South and Washington and Now York 


9.3 5PM 
5.17 PM 
11. OOPM 

No. 133 
11.30 AM 
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4.50 PM 
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10 '-"I'M 
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2.1 GAM 
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No. 38 

9.0 'MM 

1 , 00AM 
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5 04 AM 


4.05 PM 
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5OlE0tl£5 ELC1NN1NG HUttST It, IKI 


Terminal Sutton (Cent 
I P^rhlrcr Station <Ccnl 

CREK.NVrLI.F., S.C.(Eas1 




High Pent, N. C. 



.-S alfir 

Ralegh, tCC. 

, N. C. 


Richmond, Va. 

BALTMORF, MD , Pcnna. S>a. 
NEW YORK. P«nna. Syitcm 



10. 5 5. AM 
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N,r 37 

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No. 35 

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No.. 37 and 33. NEW YORK 4 NF'.V OP1 FANS LIMITED. S*>l-d Pullman train. Druwinr room .t.ttr.w.n .IrepiiF car. batwean 
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No.. 137 4 138. ATLANTA SPECIAL. room ■Inpint ear, between Macon, Atlanta.. Wa.hinztor. and Haw York. 
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Not.: No.. 23 and 10 uu 

Not.-. Tr fl lo No. 133 conn 

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mam : ■ -■ BBB 3BWaEBaHH — ~i~J.-LLLx^IZZ ffi ^-^^_--_ - ■ ■-.;.. iv-v 'T 

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Tha Authority of the Stonewall Jackson Manual Training and Industrial 

School. Type-setting by the Eoy's Printing Class. Subscripton 

Two Dollars the year in Advance. 

JAMES P. COOK, Editor, 

J. C. FISHER, Director Printing Department 

Entered as second-class matter Dec. 4, 1920, at the Post Office at Concord, 
X. C. under Ast of March 3, 1879. 


Col. Al Fairbrotber, of Greensboro, has always been deeply inter- 
ested in the growth and development of the Jackson Training School. 
More than that he has always manifested a brotherly love and concern 
for the "under dog'." He has always fought for consistency, for a chance 
and an opportunity for all men, who are struggling for existence, life, hap- 
piness and an equal chance. 
Quoting from a letter of Feb. 4th Col. P'airbrother has this to say: 

'"I have just finished reading copy of THE Uplift bearing this date, 
and the same mail brought me a copy of 'North Carolina's Child Wel- 
fare Programme'—issued by the State Board of Charities and Public 
Welfare. In this pamphlet is a picture concerning the wealth of North 
Carolina in a bunch of bright boys at the Stonewall Jackson Train- 
ing School. 

"This thought has occurred to me: each one of those boys must be 
doing some thinking—must be wondering about the great big world 
svhich is before him when quitting your institution. Wonder what he 
tbinks about? Is his mind in the right channel? Is he seeing ideals 
worthwhile— or is he just moving on? 

"I want to give a little inspiration to the boys, and want to offer 
$5.00 for the best, 
4.00 for the second best, 
3.00 for the third best, 
2.00 for the fourth best, and 
1.00 for the fifth best 
Three or four hundred word story on the subject, "WHAT I'D 
LIKE TO DO, and WHY I'D LIKE TO DO IT, When I Finish At The 


Jackson Training School." 

"Of course, I take it that you would print the letters in The Uplift. 
The judges of the merit of the letters would be selected by you, and 
each one submitted should receive attention and to those who didn't 
get into either one of the above classes it should be pointed out WHY." 
Col. Fairbrother will please accept this as an answer to his letter and 
an acceptance of his appreciated proposition. He may re^t assured that 
the boys will go about this little-business, search their hearts and their minds, 
in an enthusiastic and honest spirit. The policy of the management and 
the inclination of all the otficers have all the while been one of the Big 
Brother manner of dealing with the youngsters. It is rare that a day pas- 
ses that a bulk of the boys are not confronted with a suggestion of a study 
of themselves, what they aspire to and why. But we have not gone so far 
as to ask them to submit their aspirations and the reasons for such as- 
pirtiuns to black and white. The idea of Col. Fairbrother is most capital, 
and we send word to him by these presents that the word has been sent 
down throughout the cjttage homes to 200 boys, telling them what a 
friend, though absent in person but always with them in spirit, desires of 

And thisis the way CjI. Fairbrother had of getting into The Uplift 
some real good and choice reading matter. We know his game. 

• •••»•»• 


A grand jury in a certain county of Georgia, manifesting just as good a 
spirit as a rattlesnake, has served official notice on the ladies of the county 
that games cf chance shall stop, that playing for prizes is just as much 
gambling as the negro's sport in shooting dice, and must stop or else an 
indictment will be forthwith against them. 

It is a strain of the idea of consistency to deny a crowd of idle men the 
privilege of sitting around a covered table and play for "chips," which 
represent a money value, and then applaud and publish in the Society Col- 
umn of the Sunday paper that Mrs. So and So gave a swell whist party 
(ever so many tables) and that the beautiful, charming Miss Sallie Jones 
received the capital prize, which was a pair of fine silk "pick-a-boo" hose, 
and that Miss Virginia Snobbins received the consolation prize, which was 
a "lip-stick." In this case the stockings and the lip-stick represent noth- 
ing in the world but the "chips" and "chips" represent money. 

We are not so extreme as to believe that such practices will lead to per- 
dition, disgrace or cause one to become a social outcast; but the very char- 






attpr and reputation of the women, who pull off these prize contests, give 
to a game of chance a certain dignity that the average youth is easily per. 
suaded that there is no harm whatever in it. And yet there is, and here is 
where the women are setting a bad example to the young. 

Gambling, and all games of chance are gambling, is just as much harm 
in the parlors of an elegant home, brilliant with the presence of finely dress- 
ed women and gaudy decorations, as urchins sprawling on the ground "shoot- 
ing craps," and even worse because of the publicity and the high standing 
of the participants. 

When our friends come to see us, there is one feature they must not 
overlook seeing. In full blast is our new modern Bakery. Clean as a pin, 
orderly as a clock, and turning out some of the most splendid bread in all 
creation. The pies that come from that charming little bakery as Mr. 
Hilton and the boys direct and manage it, would make most any one feel 
somewhat pious. Stop for a thought. The business of a community bak- 
ery has become a live one. Nearly every town of any size needs and 
wants a bakery, but the question of securing an expert to manage it has 
been a most difficult proposition. In our case we are serving a fine pur- 
pose, making bread for ourselves, and training boys into a live, worth- 
while business. 

Can't "Know North Carolina" this week. The committee, which was 
going to lead the campaign and keep ahead, week by week, through the 
Chapel Hill News Letter, comes up missing the third week. At any rate 
nothing has come this way to indicate any activity on the part of this hon- 
ored committee. We started with a toast by the late Gov. Bickett, and 
followed it with a prophecy by the late Gov. Aycock, and there it hangs.. 

» » » • 

The record of Mr. Taylor, whose picture we carry in another part of this 
issue, is an object lesson. When a mar. with his uneven chance, from a 
natural lacking, can accomplish what he does, issue weekly a live, credi- 
table paper for his county, get out an industrial issue of fifty-six pages, 
splendidly illustrated, keep his family going and his head above the water 

—why, that's a man. 

Governor Morrison is insistent on his campaign for better and more gar- 
dens, pig and cow. He is eternlly right. We have come in possession of 



wo pigs, one cow and have a place for the garden— but who, in this ficklo 
world, is going to make that place look like a garden? 


Long ago, the mice had a general council to consider what meas- 
ures they could take to outwit their common enemy, the Cat. Some 
said this, and some said that; hut at last a young mouse got up 
and said he tad a proposal to make, which he thought would meet 
the case. "You will all agree," said he, ''that our chief danger 
consist in the sly and treacherous manner in which the enemy ap- 
proach us. Now, if we conceive some signal of her approach, we 
could easily escape from her. I venture, therefore, to propose 
that a small bell be procured, and attached by a ribbon round the 
neck of the Cat. By this means we should always know when 
she was about and could easily retire while she was in the neigh- 

This proposal met with general applause, until an old mouse got 
up and said: "that is all very well, but who is to bell the Cat?" 
The mice looked at one another and nobody spoke. Ihe old mouse 




There is no end of examples where men and women, inheriting some physi- 
cal misfortune, or, in the course of time, becoming the victim of an accident 
leaving' them somewhat maimed, have made such achievements in the affairs 
of life as to merit the praise and applause of the public. 

f recall a friend of my youth, re- 
hiring from a faithful service in the 
Wav Between the States, having lost 
one leg. The limb was shot off just 
as close to his body as was possible 
tii do. He carried around with him a 
bright and cheerful spirit at what- 
ever he was called to do. Return- 
ing after the surrender, with nothing 
in the wide world except his honor 
and his indomitable will, he went 
about the business of cheating star- 
vation. To cut a long story short, 
this one-legged Confederate veteran 
married himself a wife, reared tine 
children, owned his own home, stood 
high in his community, lived an honor- 
able and correct life, dying a few 
years ago with not a single enemy on 
earth but with the esteem and res- 
pect of all who knew him. This in 
itself is not so remarkable, for hund- 
reds and thousands, maimed equally 
as bad, made good and successful 
lights but this Confederate hero to 
whom we refer had a brother-in-law. 
That kinsman never fought for his 
country, rendered no service whatever, 
hail perfect limbs, a tireless tongue, 
a busy-bodied nature, and couldn't 
or didn't make a living, trusted by 
none — he was simply a nobody. 

But the other day there came to my 
desk a Special Edition of the Duplin 

and the ambitions of the people of 
Duplin county. A little further on 
we discovered the reason for this 
really brilliant piece of work. At the 
head of that paper is a man, whom 
nature started off in life under a 
handicap, a very serious and a life- 
time disadvantage. But while nature 
does some peculiar stunts in the dis- 
tribution of powers among her child- 
ren, she makes compensation in a 
majority of cases in abundantly hand- 
ing out blessings in another way. 

Mr. Robert S. T;;ylor, the subject 
of this sketch and the editor and publ- 
isher of the Duplin Record since Nov- 
ember, 1915, was denied from birth 
the faculty of hearing. Is this handi- 
cap? To most men it would be; but 
not to Taylor. Evening up this mis- 
fortune, there was given an unusual 
intellect, a fine vision, a superb will 
and a tota,l ignorance of what lazi- 
ness is. Mr. Taylor was born in Dup- 
lin county. He is a B. A. graduate 
of Gallaudet College, the National 
College for the deaf, at Washington, 
D. C, and is also honored by that in- 
stitution with the degree M. A., in 
recognition of certain post-graduate 
work and achievements. He has been 
at different times president and secre- 
tary of the North Carolina Associa- 
tion of the Deaf, and member of the 

Record, published in the small town executive committee of the National 

of Warsaw. It contained 56 pages well Association of the Deaf. It is said 

prepared reading matter that told in that his activity and enthusiasm for 

a fine way of the accomplishments the advancement of the educational 


Warsaw, N. 0. 


interests of the Deaf has given him 
an acquaintance and high standing 
throughout the country. 

It is pleasing to the craft, it goes 
without saying, that Mr. Taylor's suc- 
cess in a difficult field of activity, such 
as liewspnperdom offers, is regarded 
no small achievement; and a,ll will re- 
joice in knowing that this admirably 
supported Special Edition of The Rec- 
ord gives unmistakable evidence that 
his neighbors, his fellow citizens 
throughout the good county of Dup- 

lin, hold him in high esteem and liber- 
ally sustain him in his splendid efforts 
to weekly sing the praises of Old 

How do the aimless amd the bunch 
that are looking for "something to 
turn up" feel in the presence of the 
records made all around them by 
such line spirits as our old one-legged 
Confederate soldier and this man, 
Robert S. Taylor, and their innumer- 
able class ? 

Abraham Lincoln 

To-morrow is the anniversary of the birth of Abraham Lincoln, who was 
born February 12, 1S09 in a log cabin of the rudest sort in Kentucky. He 
had the elements of so much greatness, overcome so many obstacles that 
would have defeated the average youth, rose to such eminence, and placed 
his name so high in American annals, that it is worth our while, annually 
to review the lite and course of Lincoln. 


\\ bile the Mexican War was go- 
ing on a tall, lean awkward man 
was offering himself to the voters 
of the Springfield district in Illinois 
as a candidate for Congress. Just 
as the war closed, he took his seat 
in the House of Representives at 
Washington. Day after day he sat 
in the House, and had little to say, 
but his voting always showed that 
he was not pleased with the war 
against the Mexicans. His name 
was Abraham Lincoln, and this was 
the only term that he ever spent in 
■Congress. During this same period 
Jefferson Davis, who was afterwards 
opposed to Lincoln in war, sat in the 
United States Senate, nursing the 
wound which he bad received in 

the hills of Mexico. 


When Lincnln was seven years old 
his father moved- to Indiana and 
male a rough "camp" in the woods 
for his family to live in. This home 
was a mere shed of poles open to one 
side, and covered with leaves and 
branches. A year later a new log: 
cabin was built with four sides and 
a door and windows. A floor 
made of split loss kept the family 
off the ground. Abe slept in the loft 
on a bed of leaves. 

aue's schooling 

Young Lincoln went to a log school 
in the woods just long enough to 
learn a little reading, writing and 
ciphering. He managed to get a few 

fighting his country's battles among books, however, such as "Robinson 


Crusoe," and "Aesop's Fables," and office of president of the United 

these he read over and over again. States. It was a great step upward 

At night he sat in front of the tire, for the railsplitter and flatboat man. 

and by the light from the blazing His triumph over the difficulties of 

logs he worked out sums in arith- early life was one of the most mar- 

metic on the Hat wooden fire-shovel. velous accomplishments of all ages. 

His pencil was a piece of char-coal. It shows ihat he had great strength 

When the shovel was covered with of mind and wonderful knowledge 

figures, he would take a knife and of men. 

shave it off clean, and begin his Many stories have been told about 

ciphering again. him and his family; and no end of 

LINCOLN SPLITS RAILS. anecdotes and feats have been cred- 

T . , ited to this wonderful man, but 

When Lincoln grew up to be a ^ Linco , n bab , never 

man, he was six feet tour .nches in m . (lreamed of How he 

height, and as strong in his arms as fu]] rf ,. and ^^ 

a giant. On his first journey away ™ became friendg jg a samp]e [t 

from home, he helped to take a b,R . prob ably manufactured, but it 
flatboat down the Mississ.ppi River J have been trufi &nd fitg tfce 

to New Orleans When he returned , ,, , . . 

.... ., c ., . . character so well that we here re- 

ins father put the family into an ox- . 

wagon and took them to Illinois A ^ESte showing goods to two or 
new log cabin was built thereon the en }n Qffut , g ^ Qm 

Sangamon river Abe helped to ^ ^ b tQ 

split rails for building a fence around J an * maM us{ 

a large cornfield. After that he profanitVi and evidently wish- 

worked in a store; then he was chos- K ,-' . T . .„ 

t . . ' f l j- ing to provoke a quarrel. Lincoln 

en captain of a companv of soldiers , , ,, t j i, „j 

, ' , , t A , f , ,- „ eaned over the counter and begged 

who marched away to fight Indians , . ... . °Z . 

. ., t>, , tt , -n, i . him, as ladies wee present, not to 

in the Black Hawk War, but, as . ' . . ' T , .' ,, 

r ;„„.,!„ „„i^ fi,„„ AiA „„♦ fi„,i 1„„. indulge in such talk. The bully re- 

Lincoln said, they d>d not find-any- 

torted that the opportunity had come 

thing to light except mosquitoes. „ ' , - , , , , , ■ t „ A . „ 

- for which he had long sought, and he 

AN ILLINOIS LAWYER. WQu]d ,j ke tQ s?e the man who cou!d 

Lincoln read a number of law hindt r him from saying ai yvhing he 

books at home, and at last he became might choose to say. Lincoln, still 

a lawyer. He told a great many cool, told him that if he would wait 

stories that made people laugh, and until the ladies retired he would hear 

everybody liked him. Four times what he had to say, and give bim 

he was sent to the legislature of II- any satisfaction he desired, 
linois. lhen he went to the town As soon as the women were gone, 

of Springfield, arid the people of that the man became furious. Line in 

district elected him to Congress. heard his boasts and his abuse 

For more than ten years after for a time, and finding that he was 

his term as a lawmaker at Washing- not to be put off without a fig; t, 

ton, Lincoln kept at his work as a said: "Well if you must be whipped, 

lawyer in Springfield. Then in the I suppose I may as well whip you as 

year 1860 he was elected to the high any man." This was just what the 



bully had been seeking, lie said, so 
out of doors they went, and Lincoln 
made short work with him. He 
threw him upon the ground, held 
him as if he had been a child, and 
gathering some "smart weed'' which 
grew upon the spot, rubbed it into 
his face and eyes, until the fellow 
bellowed with pain. Lincoln did all 
this without a particle of danger, and 

when the job was finished, went im- 
mediately for water, washed his 
victim's face, and did everything he 
could to alleviate his distress. The 
upshot of the matter was that the 
man hecame his fast and life-long 
friend, and was a better man from 
that day. It was impossible then, 
and it always remained for Lincoln 
to cherish resentment or revenge. 

Vigilance in watching opportunity; tact and daring in seizing upon 
opportunity; force and persistence in crowding opportunity to its utmost 
of possible achievement — these are the martial virtues which must com- 
mand success. — Austin Phelps. 

Living Under Christian, Not Mosaic Dispensation. 


(Writer's Note — For fear that some one will say that I am criticising the 
Governor, let me say here before you read a line, that not a word is to be so 
construed, and he is mentioned here solely for the purpose of getting my facts 
in shape.) 

My friend Mr. R. E. Clark, dis- 
cussing the matter of an effort 
being made to do away with capital 
punishment and the nullification of 
the law through influence or the 
Governor of the state is a timely 
matter. AVe need to read such timely 
topics, and without crossliring Mr. 
Clark in any way, I want to discuss 
tins matter from the standpoint of 
one who occupies a middle ground, if 
such can he. 

Little, if anything was doing to- 
ward abolishment of capital punish- 
ment, in the open, as I saw it, until 
the matter of J. T. Harris' life or 
depth was brought to the public view, 
as it was by ex-Judge Frank Carter of 
Asheville; a bright man whose weak- 
est point is going to an extreme. I do 

not quite know if I am utterly op- 
posed to capital punishment; for there 
conies up ever and anon cases that 
are not entitled to even a trial, when 
we consider the grade of the crime, 
wrong though such a thought is: I 
thought I read unprejudiced and 
fairly all that passed in those days 
before Harris was executed, and all 
the leading papers of the state to the 
contrary, I never saw or felt, that the 
Governor had been unduly "assault- 
ed," and to call the hundreds and 
hundreds of good people who went to 
the trouble and expense to write the 
Governor a "Mob," was, I thought, 
unfair. I was not one of them, but 
would have been hqfd I had made any 
move at all. This is what I understood 
made ex-Judge Carter appeal to the 


people; he thought Governor, Morri- us a rule than any others, saying so 

son had made up his mind before he many of them had killed a follow man 

heard Carters ease. -My appeal to the in passion,, prior to which time they 

Governor, had it been made, would were respected citizens, still possess- 

liave been based on just two things; in;,', many of them, the instincts of 

insanity in Harris' family, and the gentlemen. Does any one claim that 

division in the supreme court, where carrying out the old .Mosaic law and 

two wise and good men as the three slaying these men would have mad.; Harris had not had a fair (rial. the world or society any better? 
I believe in trying cases on the ev- The question that would weigh most 

idence as brought out, and not on with me. in making a decision as to 

sentiment; and there being two causes whether Tarn ready to repeal the law 

for doubt would have made me ask is: has there been an increase in 

leniency from the Governor: further murderers in states that have done 

I feel sure that 75 per cent of those away with the death penalty? If 

who asked leniency were actuated by 
what I have stated here. I am in no 

there has not it is more than North 
Carolina can sav. 

wav trying to excuse Harris, but dis- Unfortunately have not the figures 

cussing a case that provoked a state 1)eforc me at t,ILS time - l have llot 

vide discussion. Harris is dead, s: " d h " lf thele ls to be sa,d here ' but 

right or wrong. And, to.), I do not tllIS ls lon S already, 

feel that the men and women who ^ U> ,u '° llvm = under the Christian 

asked leniency here represent those dispensation, not under the old 

who may be working hard to do away M °. a "'' rtnd Chri . s .' did . not ^ ach 
with legal killing; nor do I see what 

they could possibly gain by trying to 
elevate to the judgeship a man opposed 
to legal execution, especially while 
the law , as it is. stands. 

taking of human life by law or other- 

I may be a long way oft' the right 
line of thought, but the very fact that 
a lawyer appealing to the people to 
use influence to save the life of one 
What is punishment for? To deter wno shot down a valuable man, when 
men from violating law, of course. I le W as nothing to them, save a weak 
But a very large majority of the kill- human being, shows one of two things; 
ings are done in passion, a time when these people thought this man needed 
there is no time to contemplate further attention' before electrocuting 
punishment and its consequences. This him or the feeling that none should be 
reminds me of a conversation I killed, by law, has grown beyond the 
had many years ago with the late knowledge of the general public. 
Augustus Leazer, on a train from Several years ago there was :> man 

Charlotte to Greensboro, when he was shot on the streets of Charlotte, 
snperintendnt of the peniten- The jury found the man who did it 
tiary at Raleigh. I asked the question, was insane at the time, and he eseap- 
as to how amd what cdass of prisoners ed death, 1 often see that man, and 
were those there for killing? And have talked with him about this, and 
was told that they gave less trouble 1 find that be is striving harder than 


any one I ever saw to live exactly to atone and get forgiveness for 

right. To use his own wordsj what I have done." None will say 

practically: "I have committed such lie is not an exemplary citizen; yet 

a horrible crime, I feel that I must do even the newspapers cried aloud for 

all the good, in living, I can, so as his life. 

"When the farmer can't buy, the manufacturer can't sell and if the 
manufacturer can't sell, labor can't find employment, and if the fanner 
can't buy the manufacturer can't sell, the railroads can't make much 
hauling nothing both wajys!" — William Jennings Bryan. 




The 2d of February continues to attract notice as Ground Hog Day, al- 
though it is probable that very few people really believe that the character or! 
the weather on that day is a forecast for the next 40 days. Even if the sign 
was dependable we are often at a loss to classify the day — whether foul or 
fair — for the reason that the weather is so often a mixture of sunshine and 
shadow on that day as on other days, and as nobody can say positively as to tho 
time of the ground hog's appearing we may not know whether he saw his 
shadow or not. 

The 2d of February, as most people when the child Jesus was presented in 
know, is Candlemas Day in the Church the Temple. When Simeon, whose lifo 
calendar. Originally it is ascribed to was spared until he had "seen the 
heathen origin. The Romans, it is said. Lord's Christ/' took the child in his 
were in the habit of burning candles arms and blessed Him, he announced 
on that day to the goddess Februa. his readiness to depart, "For mine 
the mother of Mars. The lighted eyes have seen thy salvation, which 
candles were supposed to have the ef- thou hast prepared before the lace of 
feet of frightening the devil and all all thy people; a light t> lighten the 
all evil spirits away from those who Gentiles, and the glory of thy people* 
carried them and from the houses in Israel." "A light to lighten the 
which they were burned. Pope Ser- Gentiles" is believed to have given 
gins, so the story runs, feeling (hit it rise to the Church festival, which is 
would be impossible to break up a celebrated in the Roman Catholic 
practice of such long standing, 1 nriied Church with many lighted candles, 
to the use of the Church by enjoining which are blessed for the service, 
a similar offering of cand'es to the [n Scotland Candlemas dnv is one o£ 
virgin Mary. Therefore in the Church four term days appointed fo>* the pay- 
calendar Candlemas Day is th • feast merit of interest, taxes, etc., the other 
of the purification of the Virgin Msirv, three term days being Whitsunday, 



Lammas and Martinmas. There is a 
tradition in most parts of Europe to 
the effect that the weather on Candle- 
mas day forecasts the weather for the 
ensuing forty days. In Scotland the 
prognostication is expressed this way: 

"If Candlemas is fair and clear, 

There'll be two winters in the 
year. ' ' 

Which means that winter will con- 
tinue for a season. Another couplet 
has it that if Candlemas day be foul 
half the winter is gone at Yule; which 
means that the winter was half done 
at Christmas and the other half being 
finished at Candlemas, there will lie 
but one winter instead of two sup- 
posed to be forecast by a fair Candle- 
mas day. 

Just where and when the ground 
hog, or woodehuek, got so mixed in 
with the Candlemas day weather fore- 
cast as to effectually obliterate the 
origin of theday, its purpose and even 
its name, Idon't know, but the ground 
hog sign is peculiar to some sections of 
the United States only. In Europe, 
where the observance of Candlemas 
day runs far back, they wouldn't 
know what meant by the ground hog 
sign and would probably resent it as 
irreverence toward sacred things. 
The theory of the groundhog sign is 
that the animal, having spent the 
winter in his den, comes out on this 
particular day, February 2nd, to see 
if the winter has passed; and that 
animal instinct tells him by the con- 
dition of the weather if the winter is 
or is not ended. If he sees his shadow 
in the sunshine he returns to his den 
and remains six weeks; if he doesn't 
see his shadow he stays out in the 
open, which signifies an early spring. 
Authorities say the groundhog hiber- 

nates, passing the winter in its bur- 
row in a lethargic state; "going to 
its hibernation in late September and 
often coming out in March, before the 
cold and snow have ceased, when 
many starve or freeze to death." If 
that authority is correct it destroys 
the ground hog's reputation as a 
weather forecaster. It is noticed that 
he is said to come out in March in- 
stead ot'February 2, as popularly sup- 
posed, and that if he gets out before 
the cold weather passes he may freeze 
enough to go back to his winter home 
and stay until warm weather comes. 

Ground hogs are common in the 
North Carolina mountain region and 
there be those familiar with their hab- 
its who say that they do not hiber- 
nate at all but come out frequently 
during the winter, especially on pleas- 
ant days. And as Mr. Dooley would 
say, ''There ye are." I do not under- 
take to settle the dispute, but I make 
bold to suggest that the ground hog's 
habits may be governed by the cli- 
mate in which he lives and moves. 
In the colder climates he may hiber- 
nate from late September until March; 
in the milder climates he may come out 
frequently during the winter. 

But however that may be, there is 
nothing, so far as I know, to sustain 
the theory that he comes out on the 
2nd of February and stays out or re- 
turns to his home as the condition of 
the weather may indicate. The ground 
hog sign, therefore, can't be recom- 
mended as a reliable weather forec; st; 
but the idea that the weather on Can- 
dlemas day indicates whether winter is 
or is not over is probably as depen- 
dable as many other weather signs, 
which are not dependable at all in all 
seasons, for "all signs fail in dry 



weather," you know. It can be said, lish it abroad, than many of the signs 

however, that the wild creatures, or of the weather prophets. But some- 

niany of them, know by instinct, in times the wild creatures may miss it 

many eases at least, as to the veath- and in our urban settlements, where 

ei' and prepare for it accordingly. The we can't observe their habits, it is 

instinct of the wild creature would safest to depend on weather bureau 

lie more dependable, if he could pub- forecasts. 

There are few people who 'would have attained a higher greatness imder 
the handicaps which Lincoln experienced. He did not complain of his lot. 



Number X — Many Small Things. 

Having finished the subjects I promised to write about there has appeared, 
as I wrote, a number of interesting small things; not large enough for a chap- 
ter, yet, many of them, as interesting as anything that has been mentioned. 
Such being true, I am about to write a number composed of a great variety, 
making almost, if not quite as interesting a. chapter as any that have gono 

RED-AXTS: — On the sunny pas- bug down the hole, which would soon 
tare bill side we located a- Red-Ant come back dragging all the ants that 
hill, that was not for a year, but for could get hold. But if unable to drag 
many years, in mid summer,, an inter- them out it stayed in. It was hard 
esting place, as we watched these red on the frog, but we often held a toad 
ants bring all manner of insects they on the ant hill until covered with bit- 
had captured far from the ant hole. ing ants; then free it, and with about 
Sometimes singly, sometimes as many two swipes of its hind legs there would 
as six pulling and tugging at the same not be an ant on it. If we caught a tor- 
worm or bug they had found, and all rapin and wanted to save its pretty 
went the same way, down that hole. shell we only had. to kill it and placo 
We wanted mighty bad to see inside, it by the ant hill, and in a few days 
but had gumption enough to know wo then 1 would not be a particle of the 
would not be able to restore the house meat there, the shell clean and white 
as they had made, had we dug in. For inside. 

hours at a time we have searched for COW-KILLER: — This belongs to 

bags of all kinds, grass-hoppers and the stinging ant family, in fact in an 

such, which we placed in reach of ant almost 8|S large as a cricket, as 

the ant bill and saw the ants tackle bard as soft wood; grows to an inch 

anything from a toad down. If too in length, is red ami brown and has a 

str< ug for them, then we turned the stinger as long as it is, in fact a three 



pronged stinger. What named it "cow- 
killer'' we never knew, we got the 
name from tradition. We had a de- 
sire to make them sting something 
to see if the thing lived, but we never 
"were able to get a subject when we 
had the cow-killer. We were told its 
sting would kill a cow, and while Ave 
took chances on being stung, handling 
it with sticks and such, we never al- 
lowed one to escape. 

TICKS:— As far back as I can re- 
member there were ticks to bite every- 
thing that walked the earth. All cat- 
tle ran on the "commons," that is 
you had to fence your fields and ev- 
ery body's cow went where they de- 
sired, even breaking down your fen- 
ces. And it was a common thing to 
find cattle running at large covered 
with ticks so you could take a ( knife 
and scrape them off by the thousand ? 
They stunted young cows and made 
old ones poor. As they tilled with 
blood and become the size of a grain 
of corn, they fell off and from them 
came the "seed-tick", an infantisnml 
tick, the,t crawled up on the grass and 
got on to any thing it could. Nothing 
"was more, irritating to the flesh than 
a lot of seed ticks; and if you got 
one you would likely get fifty. They 
Were worse than chiggers. 

KING-HORNET :— There was a 
stinging insect we called the king-hor- 
net, though it was as large r,s ten hor- 
nets; propagated itself on the order 
of the ground dirt-dauber by catch- 
ing the "jar-fly", killing it by the 
sting then leaving it alone. No doubt 
it put the egg in at time it stung the 
fly. We handled a few of them, a,nd 
they had a sting about equal to the 

HORNETS:— The hornet furnished 

many lively tilts with the boys. 
Most of my readers know a hornet's 
nest, built somewhat in shape of an a, 
corn, and in size up to a foot in di- 
ameter, made from wood fibre like 
the wasp and yellow jacket use. They 
are useful in catching house flies, but 
'sill ^Iways sting if troubled at the 
nest or if they happen to hit you about 
the face when chasing flies. We al- 
ways broke them up if we had to barn 
them at night. 

YELLOW-JACKET :— is in same 
class as the hornet, builds in the 
ground, makes a, nest like the wasp 
for rearing the young, and are the 
worst of all the small stingers; ami 
fight till all are killed. We so often 
found them where we wanted to plow. 
They would sting the horses, making 
them umnauagable. As small boys 
we have fought a large yellow-jack- 
et nest a whole summer. They were 
fond of fruit and would come to a cid- 
er mill from all directions. Not sat- 
isfied with one sting, they keep ou 
stinging as long as in contact. 

BUMBLE-BEE:— Most boys who 
read this will need no introduction to 
this insect ; for most of them are al- 
ready acquainted with it. They were 
as mean a thing as we ever came up- 
on in a nest; and they, too, we always 
found where work had to be. done, 
and could not be done until we killed 
them. After all at home were fixed, 
then we had to fight those away from 
home as they returned, and found us 
about the place we had robbed them 
of. They lay up a little honey for 

TADPOLES:— They are an embryo 
frog. They are an amusing thing. 
The small black tadpoles are the off- 
spring of the toad which, while a dry 



land reptile cannot raise its young ex- 
cept in water, and they hatch into 
small black tadpoles by the thousands, 
in stagnant water, preferably, and will 
turn to a small frog the first season. 
A single heavy rain will destroy all 
the hatch by washing them away as 
trash. The large gray tadpole of 
running water is the offspring of the 
bull-frog of the mill ponds and 
swamps. We never quite knew how 
long they are in the transformation, 
but they get quite large and have 
both four legs and ;% tail; but some- 
time they drop the tail and learn to 
swim with legs instead of tail as does 
the fish, and then to jump. 

a water reptile that was prized In- 
most old people as food, r,nd is said to 
have flesh like pork, beef, chicken. 
They grew to 12 inches across the shell 
and were found in ponds and creeks. 
They come on land to lay eggs, making 
a small hole in the ground with a 
hind foot then tunneling a large open- 
ing slightly under the small hole 
where the foot is inserted a,nd the dirt 
scraped out. In this they lay an egg 

without shell, in number according to 
size of the layer, placing theui in a 
circle or circles until the nest is full. 
This is covered and the sun does the 
rest. Once I found a nest that had 
hatched, and tracked the young ones 
in the sand to where they went into 
the water, and found a number about 
the size of a man's thumb nail. Later 
I found one in the act of making a 
nest a,iid laying. 

TERRAPINS:— These are both 
land and water reptiles. The water 
terrapin resembles the snapping tur- 
tle, but will not tight like the turtle, 
which is dangerous. They have hab- 
its like the turtle, and raise the same 
way. The highland terrapin is strict- 
ly a dry land reptile and like its half 
brothers the turtle and the water ter- 
rapin lays eggs and hatches them in 
the sun. They are one of the few 
things that has a shell that opens and 
closes so no ordinary enemy can hurt 
it. They are everywhere, and have 
been known to live lifty years, by 
marking them. I once saw one dig- 
ging a hole for a nest with a hind 
leg, but quit on being discovered. 

Tilings don't turn up in this world until somebody turns them up. — G3ff- 
iield. } 



(B. G. Leiper in the Asheville Citizen) 

Whether yon operate your automobile or your electric iron, stove or heater 
play your phonograph or stoke your parlor stove, decorate your Christmas tree 
with imitation snow or put down a composition roof upon your home, you arr> 
using things in the making of which some form of mica was likely used. 

And when it is realized that in 
the mining of mica throughout the 
Uuited States, North Carolina has 
long taken the lead, producing in 
the western section foui'-lifths of 
the entire domestic output, one be- 
gins to realize how important a 
home industry is that which collects 
from upward of 500 scattered mines 
this vajueble, glittering mineral. 

The story of the mica industry 
in this territory, while it begins 
principally in the counties of Avery, 
Mitchell, Yancey, Haywood, Jackson 
and Macon, is linked especially to 
Asheville because of the loeetion in 
this section of the Asheville Mica 
Company, handling such a large por- 
tion of the valuable mica crop of 
Appalachia. There are also manu- 
facturing plants of smaller size in 
Avery and Mitchell counties. While 
mica deposits are said to lie fairly 
deep in Buncombe and are there- 
fore commercially less favorable, 
there are now mining operations get- 
ting out mica near Candler and 
Vast Mica Desposits in Mountains. 

The mica deposits of this section 
extend in a belt 75 miles wide, ap- 
proximately, and 150 miles long. 
Sheet mica of commercial value is 
found only in certain dike rocks, 
known technically lis pegmatites. 
The predominating commercial va- 

riety of western North Carolina, and 
of the entire United States in fact, 
is museovite, obtained only from 
the quartz-feldspar pegmatite dikes. 
And while mica is one of the com- 
monest minerals, there are only a 
few regions where the earth's crust 
seems to have been specially stable, 
geologists point out, so as to with- 
stand the folding and faulting earth 
movements for long periods of geo- 
logic time. Among the few places 
where such resisting formations oc- 
curred in the American piedmont, 
abutting against the Appalachian 

Since money talks, a definite idea 
of what the vast mica desposits mean 
to the mountains dwellers of Ap- 
palachia may be gained when it is 
learned that productions grew from a 
value of !?256,549 in 1912 to ft 73,- 
3S0 in 1918, at which time the nearest 
competitor, the State of New Hamp- 
shire, produced mica valued at *113,- 
240, or less than one-fourth the 
North Carolina output. 
Notable Increase in Production 
Of the Old North State output he 
latest compiled U. S. geological re- 
port asserts: "North Carolina pro- 
duced in lfllS the largest quantity 
of sheet mica since 1913. Altho <gh 
the quantity was 40 per cent greater 
than in 1017, its value was somewhat 
less owing in part to the large qi; in- 


J 9 

tity of punch mica mined in 101S. 
The increase in production for the 
Shite is a notable one." The same 
report shows in that year a falling 
off for New Hampshire, but a de- 
cided gain for Georgia. Other States 
producing commercial mica are listed 
in order of output as Virginia, South 
Dakota ami Alabama, all other 
States of the Union combined pro- 
ducing "out G per cent of the do- 
mestic output. 

Although the 1920 report of the 
geological bureau has not yet been 
compiled, local authorities upon the 
mica industry estimate the total 
western North Carolina output for 
that year at 540 tons of sheet, valued 
at $410,000, and 3.000 ions of scrap, 
valued at sOO.000, or a total value of 
$500,000, which is a decided gain 
even over the 1918 totals. This is 
regarded with particular favor, since 
the 1018 figures take into consider- 
ation the abnormal demand for mica 
products brought about by the war 
industries for various types. 
Foreign Competition Is Enormous. 

The total production of the United 
States for 10'J0 is estimated as worth 
$(14 000, against the foreign pro- 
duction of #3,574,000 imported with- 
in that year, giviug a, total consump- 
tion in Ibis country of mica valued 
at over $4,000,000, of which domestic supplied but 1G.1 per cent. 

But while a preference was for- 
merly expressed by the trade for' 
much of the foregin mica, by rea- 
son of the extra trimming given it 
at the hands of cheap labor, it is 
interesting to note how mure and 
more the fact is coming to be reeog- 
aki'd that the North Carolina mica, 
as ell is some produced in other 

States of the Union, is of similar 
high quality. 

While 75 per cent of the sheet 
-mica produced here is of relatively 
small sizes, it is equally true that 
75 per cent of the consumption runs 
that way and that the same per- 
centage in small sizes holds true of 
production the world over. India 
and Smith America are the great pro- 
ducers of mica, being able to put 
their produce upon the American 
market in a large assortment of 
classifications and grades, carefully 
knife-trimmed, by reason of the 
cheap labor obtained in those coun- 

Principal Use For Insulation. 
The uses to which mica is put in 
the sheet form are many and varied, 
but the principal demand for sheet 
mi'.-a comes from the makers of elec- 
trical supplies in which insulation 
is required. This accounts for fully 
S6 per cent of the entire output 
of the world, and since no satis- 
factory substitutes have ever been 
found for such insulation, and since 
high voltage equipment is being in- 
stalled with ever increasing demand 
for such insulation, the geological 
survey of the nation holds the belief 
that no producer of sheet mica need 
fear a lessening in the market for 
his wares. 

The history of the uses of mica 
runs well back into antiquity. The 
name comes from the Latin word 
for "particle" or "crumb," pro- 
ably influenced also by the verb 
"micare," meaning to gleam or 
shimmer, a property for which mica 
is well known, as all who walk upon 
the face of Appalachia can testify. 
The Romans used sheets of mica 

. ! 


for mirrors. The Indians have long ing of mementoes upon silk, orna- 

used it for decorative purposes and mented with fancy 2ieedlework about 

for a fancied medicinal property. the edges. 

The mound builders in Ohio have left In a comparison of properties, the 
behind in their unusual works sain- Xovth Carolina green mica, as it is 
pies of mica used for decorations. often called, is considered the hard- 
Throughout the mountains, too, est produced in (lie world, while the 
mica has had various local uses, ambler or phologopite mica of Can- 
ranging from window lights in days ada takes rank as the softest found, 
when the commercial value was not Hence, the manufacturer of stove 
so well known to the adonnent of ''isinglass,'' as many term it, finds 
picture frames with rounded scallops the local variety particularly adapted 
in dust-catching patterns and cover- to this commercial use. 

I feel about a nation as we feel about a man; let him not say anything 
he cannot make good, and having said it, let him make it good. — Teddy 


<: Save, save, save," sometime becomes a family slogan, and at times the 
word and its every synonym are overworked, because the idea of economy 
is studied and practiced until the victims become penurious and reach that 
frame of mind that wherein a, dollar is saved to the detriment of a human souL 
This is a ra,ther hard theme because it is difficult to maintain a happy medium, 
and to understand the essential expenditures as well as the necessity of teach- 
ing frugality. 

Recently I was in a country church ■ eloquent in his earnestness and siu- 
— in a community where first-class cerity, and if I had been in a Metli- 
schools for generations had been en- odist church possibly I would have 
joyed — and the preacher's theme on heard numerous "a,mens" for the 
that special occasion was "Educa- congregation was deeply interested 
tion". In his own peculiar and rather It is true that the best manner of in- 
pleasing nasal tone, he earnestly ex- vestment of God's talents given us is 
claimed, "brethern and sisters, don't to spend them for the training of those 
hold your dollars until they become made in His image— for the duties 
rusty with age but use them ingiving and privileges of this life and for the 
your children the best .yl vantages; glory of the hereafter, 
and if you have no child of your own, Xol withstanding the outstanding 
help some worthy boy or girl, who is educational advantages enjoyed by 
hungering and craving for an educa- this community, there were some who 
tion." This preacher was most refused the blessing. I have heard of 



one family in particular, a family 
that had a good birth behind it, with 
good property and a fair income; but 
(iii'v say there was something lopsided 
in the management of the home. The 
boys, fine specimen physically, were 
made to work like beasts with the 
hope of gaining more, leaving no time 
forself and mental improvements and 
thought that lead on to the inspira- 
tion for purer and better lives. These 
boys, now men, have become (to use 
us gentle language as possilbe in a 
description) a brazen offense to 
decent society, and, instea,d of occupy- 
ing the social position their blood 
would warrant, they are classified 
with lawless element and are indeed 
social outcasts. This is a sin and a 
crime against humanity — perverting 
the human soul for gain rather than 
for the glory of Him in whose image 
creation was made. 

I know of a ease that is out of the 
ordinary. It is an oasis in the des- 
ert of ignorance and stinginess — it is 
the overcoming of a handicap and in 
spite of it. There was a young girl 
with an ambition to dedicate her life 
to a service of mankind. She had 

finished with credit to herself the 
local schools and simply made appeal 
for assistance for just one year in 
college. Her wish was denied for the- 
money on hand to be used for "busi- 
tion in this instance was sacrificed 
ness," and thus the most vital ques- 
for business aggrandizement. The 
goal of this young woman's ambition 
was for a finished education, perfer- 
able to the flippant finery. Th aid 
could have been given,, for a small 
estate remains today in tact and so far 
no one has been the beneficiary of a 
single return. But it is pleasing to 
know that this girl, undaunted in her 
heroic purposes, went boldly to her 
mission to blaze her own way — in the 
wake of her travels and her efforts 
she has given inspiration, a hope and 
an ideal to many a blighted youth. 

Economy for the sake of saying 
"I OWN"' is the very worst form of 
penurinousness — it is hoarding — it is 
sin — it is crime. If you yourself can- 
not make up your mind to give a life 
of service, then give of your worldly 
goods so that someone can be your 

Live and feel that you may assist some one with their troubles; hope 
and believe you can and you wilL 


Heywood Broun, literary critic of the New York World, in his daily column 
of that recently had the following paragraphs: 

Carl Sandburg expressed himself about something yesterday which we had 
been turning over in our mind. He thinks that one of the necessary steps in t he- 
progress of the American negro is for him to accept the word "nigger" and 
tiake it his own. 

To be sure, the word had its origin would serve to rob "nigger" of all 
m contempt, but acceptance itself sting. Some such process has gone 


on in connection with "Yankee" and panic "negro." According to Web- 
no Confederate soldier minded being ster, it is the English adaptation] 
called a "Rob" after he himself had of the French "negro" (with a grave 
began to use it. accent over the first "e",) which 

From the standpoint of language itself came from the Spanish-Pov- 

there is much to be said for" nigger." tuguese "negro," which in turn, 

"Colored man" is hoplessly ornate was derived from the Latin "niger." 

and "negro" is tainted with ethnol- Thus while "nigger" has been taken 

ogy. More than that, it is a literary into English embodied in English 

word. "Nigger" is a live word. There by having its spelling and pronun- 

is a ring to it like that of a true ciation changed to conform to Eng- 

coin upon a payment. Nor are all lish rules, "negro" is still no more 

the connotations of the word shame- than a loan-word from the Spanish, 

ful tn the negro race. Something of Incidentally, it is much closer to tin? 

the terrific contribution of physical original Latin "niger" than is the 

energy which the negro has made to Spnnish "negro." 

America is inherent in the word "nig- English writers of the best class 

ger. " To our mind it brings up a used the word long before they bud 

vision of a man wrestling with great. ever heard of "negro;" and l'jig- 

burclerns and conquering them. Blood lish' writers use it to this day much 

and sweat and tears have all com- more frequently than Americans. In 

bined to make "nigger" stark and, this country the violent prejudice 

.simple. Among namby-pamby words of the blocks against the word has 

it looms like a great rock. It is basic relegated it to the category of it-rms 

but not base. of contempt; but it is their balrc-d 

Mr. Broun errs in one important of it — an ill-founded hatred, it bi-i'ins 

particular. The word "nigger" did to us — that has made it contempt- 

not have its origin in contempt'. On ible. It was not so in the beginning. 

the contrary, it is perfectly good — Greensboro Xews. 
English, much better than the His- 

Life At Central Hospital 

Fred A. Old, in The Friend 

The writer has had quite an intimate accpusintance with the Central 
Hospital for insane and Epileptics for the past 50 years. When a young- 
ster he used to go there with legislative committees and perhaps knows 
the institution better than any other outsider. It. has grown wonderfully. 
It was built for 300 p a tience, and now has over 1,400. It was for many 
years after its completion in 1856 the "North Carolina Insane Asylum." 

It is now beirg enlarged so it can leptics. It receives the latter from 
accommodate many more patients, all over the state; the ir.sane from 
There are 1,150 insane and 200 epi- the eastern half of the state. 



Many stories have been written 
about its farm, industrial plants, 
gardens, arts and crafts department, 
and various other features, but this 
one is to be about its church and 
Sunday school. Church ssrvices are 
regularly conducted every Sunday 
morning, in the assembly hall. Many 
people express surprise when they 
here of church services at such a hos- 
pital, but a fourth of the 1,150 insane 
patients are quite normal at times. 
These are the ones who attend the 
services. They manifest much in- 
trest, sing well and enjoy the music 
and take an active and alert part in 
the services. Many of the patients 
are very familiar with the Bible and 
have memorized hymns- 

It is interesting to know that men 
and women of all the walks in life 
among the patients attend these 
church services, which are con- 
ducted by the chaplin, or preacher 
in charge. Rev. Philip Schwartz, 
who is a young man of attractive 
personality and well read. He was 
until a few month ago assitant pas- 
tor of the First Methodist Episcopal 
church of Canton Ohio, and before 
that time was connected with the 
Methodist church in Western North 
Carolina in the Centenary movement. 
He has had even four year's ex- 
perience in Epworth League work in 
the western part of this state and is 
now the secretary of the Raleigh 
district of the Epworth League, 
being a memqer of Eder.ton Street 
church, Raleigh. 

Many of the physicans, nurses 
and attendants are at these services; 
the&e of course being of greac value 
in the work. Mrs. Kate Hays 
Fleming directs the music and the 
regular choir is composed of nurses. 

Mrs. Fleming is an accomplished! 
pianist and conductor and the pa- 
tients are very fond of her. The sing- 
ing is hearty and among the patients 
there ate some good voices. Among 
the patients who regularly attend 
these services are a former Metho- 
dist presiding elder and ex-captain of 
the United States Army. It is really 
a splendid congregation and demands 
the best thought and expression a 
preacher can give. 

Every Sunday afternoon there is 
Sunday school for the inmates. This 
is not only attended by the patients 
but by a number of nurses and at- 
tendants. It :s conducted by Dr. 
Thomas M. Jordan, of the hospital 
staff, who is now in charge of the 
epileptic colonies. Dr. Jordan makes 
the Sunday school work very inter- 
esting and gives a concise exposi- 
tion of the leading features of the 
lesson for the day. The singing is 
a feature aiso. The service does not 
differ from that in the ordinary Sun- 
day school. Neither at this or at the 
church services is there anything to 
dflierentiate the firm those 
in the ordinary world. Excellent 
manners, close attendance an par- 
ticipation in the work are all illus- 

On a recent afieinconDr 
Jordan invited the Sunday school to 
march to the front of the main build- 
ing, near the great portico of the 
entrance, and there the members 
were photographed on a terrace. 
One of the inmates, a Confederate 
veteran, widely known and pcpular, 
who has been in this hospital over 
c.0 years, is in the group thus pictur- 
ed. He is found of the Sunday school 
and has a perfect score in point of 



The Boy Who Couldn't Help It 

By Emma Mauritz Larson 

He was an American lad, born in New Orleans this Johnny Audubon 
though his father was from France and took his son to that country earls 
in his life. Father Audubon had made his fortune in America, but became in 
France a naval man, and he had a fine idea in his head for his son. "Johnny 
must study hard at Mathematics and such studies and be a soldier or sailor. 
Perhaps his name may even become famous," he said. 

So when he returned home from drawing on his sheet was as likely 
a voyage and asked Johnny what he as not to turn ont a bird instead, 
had been at, he wasn't much pleased 
that the boy had been wandering a- 
round the country, collecting eggs 
and nests of every sort of bird and 
filling the house with plants and 
mosses and stones. "It is rather a 
good collection for a hoy," he had 
to admit, "but we shall see---." 

"I'm afraid Johnnv conldn't help 
it," said his stepmother. "It seems 
just born in him." 

But the old seaman carried his son 
away from home the next dayt tak- 
ing him to Nantes, where he had his 
own headquarters, a four days' 
journey, arid during all that time he 
said hardly a word to Johnny. 
When they reached the town he 
turned the boy over to strict masters, 
and he had a hard year indeed at 
difficult military subjects. But 
somehow or other, Johnny Audubon 
escaped for a few minutes each day 
to the woods or fields and found his 
friends the birds as thick as they 
had been around his home town. He 
began to draw their pictures, and 
before long he had two hundred 
drawings made. He couldn't seem 
to help it. He thought of birds by 
■day, and dreamed of them by night, 
and when his drawing master set 
plaster ~cats for him to copy the 

When his father appeared again, 
he said, "you seem to be hopeless 
for a soldier. You will never make 
our name famous. Perhaps you can 
manage my farm and mi 1 in Amer- 
ica." So the young man came to 
Pennsylvania and found Mill Grove 
a "blessed spot," where he could 
hunt and fish and draw beasts and 
birds all day long. I he place yield- 
ed enough for him to live on and 
there seemed no reason why he 
shouldn't be happy with so much 
leisure for the things he couldn't 
help doing. He filled this country 
house with a collection of wild life, 
and though he was so new to Amer- 
ica he got a great idea in his head. 
"I will be the first great naturalist 
of America, and draw and paint all 
the birds of America." 

It was a big idea, and he had a 
real start when he came to know 
his nearest neighbors and to love 
their daughter. He was living sim- 
ply as to diet, as he tells us in his 
diary, on fruit and vegetables and 
fish, and though he loved handsome 
clothes his income was enough for 
him to get what he needed. But 
when he wanted to marry I.ucy 
Bakewell her father suggested that 
a business-man son-in-law would suit 



him butter than one who just stud- 
ied and drew birds. 

So John Au iubon tried again to 
he like other lads and went to New 
York to work in a counting house. 
In bis extra time he couldn't help 
hunting in this new state for bird 
life and his room was filled with 
bird skins drying for his stuffing. 
The neighbors objected to the odor 
and sent a pliceman in to complain. 
So John Audubon left his irksome 
job at the counting house, and went 
hack to Mill Grove, where "a man 
could do simple natural things like 
stuffing a hundred birds without 
the neighbors objecting." 

"He couldn't help it," l"yal Lucy 
Bakewell said, and persuaded her 
father to let her marry the young 
naturalist. In return for her faith 
in him John Audubon sold Will 
Grove farm and invested all the 
money in goods, moving west to the 
new country of Kentucky. "I will 
be a storekeeeer and make plenty 
of money for my family-- and once 
in a while 1 will go hunting birds 
and draw them and paint them," he 

They travelled down the Ohio in a 
flat-bottomed boat that they called 
an ark. It moved so slowly that ic 
took twelve cay; to get to Louisville, 
but they were wonderful days for 
the young man. The boat travlled 
slowly enough to let him see bright- 
colored birds on the shore, and he 
was eager to draw each new one. 
In the city of Louisville too, he was 
very hnppy, for he could sometimes 
leave his store with a partner and 
go far and wide on hunting and fish- 
ing trips. 

One day an odd thing happened. 
The naturalist Wilson came into the 
shop trying to sell a copy of his own 

book of bird drawings. When he- 
h^d showed the to Audubon that 
young man mentioned that he had 
done a thing or two along that line 
himself and the older bird man was 
greatly astonished at the drawings 
the young man from France had 
made. It came as a surprise too to 
Audubon that his great idea of draw- 
ing all the biids of America was 
shared by another man. 

But he decided that there was 
room for two bird-lovers and paint- 
ers in the big country of Ameiica, 
and his wife encouraged him con- 
stantly. When the business went 
badly on account of war she offered 
to go back to her father's for a year 
with her baby son and leave 
Audubon free to find a better loca- 
tion to sell his goods and to go on 
with his bird work. 

Strange times followed, nu.ney 
losses, hard journeys through all 
spasi.ns to the edge of the wilderness, 
but Audubon met every new hard- 
ship with zest and interest because 
it gave him a new chance to know 
the out of-doors. He camped with 
the Indians, and traveled by canoe 
or foot up and down the Mississippi, 
alwav with his notebook in his pock- 
et of his rough clothes and a scrap 
of paper to draw birds on. 

His shoes wore out, and taking a 
mate whose boots were almost gone 
too. he found the shoemaker of a 
little town. "I will draw a portrait 
of you if you will make boots for 
my friend and me,'' he offered and 
the shoemaker accepted the offer. 
The old drawing master in France 
had done something for the boy 
Johnny in teaching him to draw well. 
After that there were many times 
when hi got his next meal through 
drawing of faces. In New Orleans 



Vie really set up as apoitrain painter 
and made something of a success of 
it, so that he was able to bring his 
wife back to the south to live. 

She helped valiantly, through 
many hard years, when Audubon 
tried to go on with his great work 
cf drawing American birds, by teach- 
ing and tutoring. 

The old father in France died, and 
even though his son had not followed 
his wish and there seemed little 
chance that the name of Audubon 
should ever be famous, he left John 
§17,000. But he arranged that his 
son must collect it personally from 
a merchant in Virginia, proving his 
identity first. The word travelled 
so slowly out to John in his wilder- 
ness travels that a year had elapsed 
before he knew of it and could start 
east. And just before he reached 
the merchant's town to claim his in- 
heritance that gentleman died and 
bis business partners claimed to have 
no knowledge of the sevnteen thous- 
and dollars that would have enabled 
the young naturalist to go on with 
his work and be sure that his wife 
and two sons would not suffer want. 

It was a piece of bad luck indeed, 
but Mr. and Mrs. Audubon turned 
back with the same old courage to 
their western home and travelled 
around on rude iittle arks gathern 
more information and drawings of 
Kentucky birds and coming to 
know all the other wild beasts like 
neighbors. Audubon drew them too, 
otters and racoons and deer, and 
later when he was in London trying 
to get his bird drawing published 

he drew many natural life picture 
of the wild animals of America and 
sold them to pay his way along. 

He met Daniel Boone, the studry 
woodsman, saw him drive nailes in 
with bullet shots and snuff candles 
in the same way. And the bird 
artist proved to be no mean second 
to most of the shooters. If Mrs. 
Aubudon had little money to man- 
age with she could always be sure 
that John would bring home a wild 
turkey :>r a duck or even a bear for 
their table. So the years of strnggle 
went on until the Audubons had 
gatherd enough money to take John 
to England. Here his onthusiam 
over his book was so great that he 
made friends who could help hirn 
raise the one hunderd thousand 
dollars necessary to pulish it. 

The Royal Society recognized his 
work and before long "Birds of 
America" had made Johnny Audu- 
bon known over all the world. It 
wasn't in the way his father had 
dreamed of, but no military fame 
could be more enduring and no tash 
could be more worthwhile than this 
one of recording with drawing and 
biography the story of American 
bird life. He came back to America 
to wander from Main to Florida, 
up and down the whole land, finding 
in the woods the wild life too shy for 
most men to see, and putting it dov, n 
on paper for all to see. And America 
is proud of the boy who "couldn't 
help doing it," who didn't abandon 
his big idea of drawing all the biids 
of America through years of opposi- 
tion and learn years of little income. 


High Sounding Words. 

Mistakes in using words are often ludicrous. No misuse of them is so- 
dangerous as that arising from a knowledge of the form r.f the word with- 
out a realization of its moaning. In the play called The Ricals, Sheridan 
has created a character whom he names Mrs. Malaprop. Here is one of 

her speeches; 

Observe me, Sir Anthony. I Then, sir, she should have a super- 
would by no means wish a daughter cilious knowledge in accounts:-- and 
of mine to become a progeny of learn- as she grew up, [ would have her 
ing; I don't think so much learning instructed in geometry, that she 
become: a young woman; for in- might know something of the con- 
stance, I would never let. her meddle tagious countries; --but above all, 
with Greek, or Hebrew, or algebra. Sir Anthony, *he should be mistress 
or simony, or fluxions, or paradoxes of orthodoxy, that she might not 
01 such inflammatory branches of misspell, and mispronounce words 
learning— neither would it be neces- so shamefully as girls usually do; 
sary for her to handle any of your and likewise that she might repre- 
mathematical, astronomical, diaboli- hend the true meaning of what she 
c-al instruments. ---But, Sir Antho- is saying. This, Sir Anthony, is 
ny, I would send her, at nine years what I would have a woman know; 
old, to a boarding school, in order to ---and I don't think there is a super- 
learn a little ingenuity and artifice, stitious article in it. 

Measuring Time 

The sun-dial was doubtless the earliest device for keeping time. The- 
clepsydra was afterward employed. This consisted of a vessel containing 
water, which slowly f scaped into a dish below, in which was a float that by- 
its height indicated the lapse of time. King Alfred used candles of' a uuf- 
form size, six of which lasted a day. The first clock erected in England, 
about 1288, was considered of such importance that a high official vas ap- 
pointed to take charge of it. The clocks of the middle ages were extreme. 
ly elaborate. They indicated the motion of the heavenly bodies; birds 
came out and sang songs, cocks crowed, and trumpeters blew their horns; 
chimes of bells were sonuded, and processions of dignitaries and military 
officers, in fantastic dress, marched in front of the dial and gravely announ- 
ced the time of day. Watches were made in Nuremburg in the fifteenth 
century. They were styled Nuremburg eggs. Many were as small as the 
watches of the present day, while others were as large as a dessert plate. 



They had no minute or second hand, and required winding- twice per 
day. How different they were from the present-day luxuriant time 


By "William Hawley Smith. 

Dr. Oliver Wendell Holmes says that in every one of us there are two per- 
sons. First, there is yourself, and then there is the Other Fellow! Now, 
one of tlise is all the time doing thing's, and the other sits inside and tells what 
he thinks about the performance. Thus, I do so-and-so; but the Other Fellow 
sits in judgment on mc all the time. 

I may tell a lie, and do it so clever- 
ly that the people may think that I 
have dune or said a great or good 
thing; and they may shout my praises 
far and wide. " But the Other Fellow 
sits inside, and says, " You lie! you 
lie! you're a sneak, and you know it !" 
I tell him to shut up, to hear what the 
people say ahout me; but he only con- 
tinues to repeat over and over again' 
■"You lie! you lie! You're a sneak, and 
you know it ! '' 

Or, again, I may do a really noble 
deed, but perhaps be misunderstood by 

the public, who may persecute me and 

say all manner of evil against me, 
falsely; but the Other Fellow will sit 
inside and say, ''Never mind, old boy I 
It's all right! stand by!" 

Ami I would rather hear the "well 
done" of the Other Fellow than the 
shouts of praise of the whole world; 
while T would a thousand times rather 
that the people should shout and hiss 
themselves hoarse with rage and envy, 
than that the Other Fellow should 
sit inside and sav, "You lie! you lie! 

You're a s 


and vou know it ! " 

Institutional Notes. 

(Henry B. Faucette, Reporter.) 

Instead of going to school, Mr. 
-Johnson's room cleaned and oiled up 
the floors, woodwork etc., of the 
school last Saturday. 

The boys are glad to see new boys 
arrive at the school fast, as they are 
now. It means more boys to the 
right path transformed. 

Mr. Fisher is planning to have a 
printers ^apron made for each of 

the biys so as to keep their clothes 
clean of the ink, dirt etc. 

Every Wednesday, parents and 
relatives visit the boys. Wednes'lay 
brought visits to the following boys: 
Marion Butler, Hubert Orr and 
Thomas Moore. 

After several weeks suspension of 
work on the well, Mr. J. T. Ankers 
has returned from a visit home .ind 
has resumed work en the well. The 
depth of 232 feet has been reached. 
This is a fine report. 

Rev. Mr. Myers, keeping his 



promise of bringing: a message to the 
boys every first Sunday, came out 
Sunday and preached an inspiring 
sermon, which ihe boys enjoyed very 

A long felt med in the Printing 
Office has materialized—a file cab- 
inet. All The Uplifts that are left 
are stored away in this cabinet 
over. When an UPLIFT is wanted, 
all of them won't have to be torn up. 
This cabinet will be a convenience 
to the Printing Office. 

The Uplift Printers are now get- 
ting out two jobs --one for Mr. W. 
J. Swink, of China Grove and the 
other is the rules and regulations 
for the Jackson Training School. Mr. 
Swinks job is "The Much Abused 
Boy," which was in the last week's 
issue of The Uplift. The boys at 
the school derived much pleasure 
from reading this selection. 

Monday night when the seventh 
cottage was opened, the bakery was 
also opened. On this day it baked 
one thousand rolls. These were dis- 
tributed to the various cottages. 
Visitors at this school remark upon 
the beauty and the magnificent view 
of the school. Such meals as these 
make the bulk of Arvil Absher 
and when they see him the ; r re- 
marks are changed to: "What a 
healthy place this must be." 

Supt. Boger was hailed Monday 
with a happy cheer by the boys 
when marching to the tree---A place 
where the lines meet and change 
sections. They knew on this day 
that the 7th cottage doors would be 
thrown open, and that thirty more 
boys would change their way of liv- 
ing. Four boys were taken out of 
each cottage, making the total of 24. 

They are taken there to show the 
new boys how to act, live and pros- 

It seems as if prosperity is hard to 
be kept away from the Training 
School. Not as if we wanted it a- 
way from the school, but if we didn't 
desire it, it would be hard to keep 
down. We have opened seven cot- 
tages (the seventh having been open- 
ed this week) and have a backery in 
operation, it having been opened this 
week, also. As a celebration of its 
opening it baked one thousand rolls, 
an I each boy received five of them 
at supper Monday night. 



Harry Ward, James Honey futt, 
Henry Faucett, Fred Blue. John 
Moose, Vass Fields, Lonnie Walker, 
Frvin Cumbo, Jake Willard. Syl- 
vester Sims, James Watts, Harry 
Reece, Jack Frazier, Thomas Ogles- 
by. Luther Grant, Murphy Jones, 
Walter Taylor, Raymond Scott, 
Carlton H agger, Paul Kimmery, 
Thomas Moore, Jack O'Neil, Alvin 
Cook, Lee Bradley, Moses Fasnacht, 
Crawford Poplin, Nomie Williams, 
Chester Shepherd, Robert Holland, 
E. Carlton, Eunice Byers, Walter 
Mills, Ernest Carver, Charlie Stone, 
George McMahan GroverCook, Aw* 
try Wilkerson, Dick Johnson, Johnie 
Branch, Charlie Jackson, Clebourne 
Hale, N. McNeil, Avery Roberts, Roy 


Sam Dixon, John Hill, Sanford 
Hedrick, Connie Loman, William 


Wilson, Elvvard Clever, Robert Tlie secular press ''s full of question- 
Watson, John Hughs, Malcolm able stories and of sensational ae- 
Hollman, Bertram Hart, Floyd counts of divorces and domestic 
Huggins, Swift Davis, Doyle Jack- scandals. The youth of this age are 
son, VVilliam Evans, Allie Williams. thus led to look slightingly on the 
William Gregory, John Wright, sacreclness of the marriage vow and 
Anderson Hart, Ernest Jordan. Ru- to assume an indifferent altitude to- 
fus Wrenn, Charlie Bishop, Dohme ward ihe daily evidences of loose 
Manning, and Steve Mercer. moralsand the growth of social vices. 
Thtre is reason for all, especially 

„ , , . . , .. the young, to watch and prav lest 

Guard Aga.nst Impurity they entt?r int „ temptation . The 

It these days when a large per- spirit is willing:, but the flesh is 

centage of the moving pictures are weak. Avoid evil company, obscene 

suggestive of immorality and even books, pass the door of the moving 

make heroes and heroines of those picture show which makes a moek- 

who lack in virture, we need to lay ery of marriage and encourage the 

much emphasis on the instruction the moral lpxness of the age.— Se- 

concerning purity of tody and soul. lected. 



Issued Weekly— -Subscription $2.00 

S3 FTF3 

iF i 

CONCORD, N. C, FEB. 18, 1922 

NO. 15 

Get the Good Habit 

Knocking is a habit, and it 13 one so easily ac- 
quired. 1 believe with a determination to think 
good things about your neighbors and acquain- 
tances and friends, you will find yourself saying 
clever things — "for of the abundance of the heart 
his mouth speaketh." When you find yourself 
searching out for defects in your friends and cc- 
quaintances simply "presto change" and look for 
some outstanding good charactsristic orvirtueand 
comment about those. You will feel better, for 
there is some good in the worst of us, and some 
bad in the best of us and it does not behoove any 
of us to talk about the rest of us. 




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iSipiirilcK mmmm 

Be'twela the South and Washington and New York 




1 Terminal Station (Cent. Tin 

1 Ptachtree Station (Cent. Tin 

GREENVILLE, S. C. t E.i»t. Tin 




Hi^h Point. N. C. 


7. CO AM 


. N. C. 

Raleigh, N. C. 



nd. V*. 

NEW YORK. Pc-ins. S>»l 


. 37 and 33. NEW YORK fi NEW ORLEANS LIMITED. SoJ^d Pullman train 
mi. Montgomery. Atlanta, Wa.Smjton and New Yo/k. 'jlevpmg clr northbefl 

Club tar. Library-Obier Nation or N 

Noa. 137 4 135. ATLANTA SPECIAL Dra-lnr. room Unpin x cl r, b*t~rrn Mai 
Wa.hinjte-n-San touri.l ,leep.n r cir .oulhbound. Din in ( tar. Coach-.. 

Noi. 23 & 30. BIRMINGHAM SPECIAL. Drawinr; room ilccpim tar. b.-t-.r-n 
San Fronriaco-Waahlnalon loumt iltepin; car northbound. Swpin, tax btt-«n R, 
Dsnmj car. Coache*. 


r.Birmlnrh.m Atlanta and W..hin«t an and N« York. Oinin f ear. CoacSea. 

md 30 use Pcachtrac Street Station only at Atlanta. 

No.. 23 a 
Train No 

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The Double Tracked Tranh Lint Ce(i«c/i Atlanta. Co. and Washington, D. C. 

- : -^ ■^-"■.-^-_^_^. . ■-■,■■: ■■ .-■ ?— r-rr?!- -. - .!-" -J ... ,,.j. ...... vrj 

The Urflft 



Tlie Authority of the Stonewall Jackson Manual Training and Industrial 

School. Type-setting by the Boy's Printing Class. Subscripton 

Two Dollars the year in Advance. 

JAMES P. COOK, Editor, J. C. FISHER, Director Printing Department 

Entered as second-class matter Dee. 4, 1920, at the Post Office at Concord, 
X. C. under Ast of March ?,, 1879. 

Promote then, as an object of primary importance, institutions for the 
general diffusion of knowledge. In proportion as the structure of a gov- 
ernment gives force to public opinion, it is essential that public opinion 
should be enlightened. — George Washington, Sept. 17, 1796. 


The boys of the Printing: Class join the management and the editor in 
the belief that this nu.v.ber of 'Ihe Uplift will prove of unusual interest 
to our readers, who are gratifyingly increasing every week. No little care 
and effort are exercised in the planning of each number, ta ihe end that 
choice literature, pieces pointing to a moral, and others calculated to in- 
spire hope and aspiration, ever eschewing that which smacks of immoral 
deeds, the back alleys and murder, may fill its columns. 

This number is almost entirely George Wrshington, the anniversary of 
whose birth will be observed on the 22ond by all, in their own individual 
ways. If anything is eternally fixed in history--that which is mortal— it 
is the fact that Geoige Washington is the truly outstanding figure in Amer- 
ican annals. We are proud, therefore, to have in addition to our own mat- 
ter, including the pictorial part, contributions from well-posted and patriot- 
ic individuals, who give pleasing touches to the local history concerning 

After all, the history of a town, a section, a state and a nation—that 
which we best remember and find most engaging— is the history, personal 
and collective, of men and women, who accomplish things, establish a 


truth, render worthwile service and make the world better by having lived 
in it. If this be so, the more we hold up the example of brave, coura- 
geous men and women with light ideals, the greater will be the incentive 
to right action and right living. 

It is hoped that our readers will enjoy this number in that measure that 
characterized its making. Fortunate is that people that have so many 
subjects to whom it may point with pride, and keep green their memories 
and their worthy deeds. 


The acceptance by Mrs. T. W. Bickett of the position of Head of the 
Educational Section of the New Maternity Bureau, made possible by the 
passage of the Sheppard-Towner bill will carry delight to the hearts of 
North Carolinians. The selection cf Mrs. Bickett, a godly and unselfish wo- 
man, of superb ability and engaging personality, is a most happy one. 

Ten thousand babies died last year in North Carolina before they were a 
year old, because of lack of intelligent care of the mothers before they 
were born, and to neglect at the time of birth. Special effort will be made 
to teach that class of mothers who pass through the twilight zone without 
medical advice. It is largely in this class of mothers that the infant mor- 
tality rates in North Carolina mount to such staggering totals. 

The battle against this ignorance has been going on in a number of coun- 
ties with splendid results. In Cabarrus a fine field and a most capable ar.d 
efficient nurse have met. Arrangements for the continuance of this noble 
work in the county are making. 'J he broad-minded forward-looking county 
commissioners have appropriated five hundred, and the equally progressive 
Board of Aldermen of Concord have appropriated five hundred dollars to 
the fund; and the County Board of Education whose schools today and in the 
future will largely profit by the wise influence and intelligent services of 
the county nurse, have been requested to make a similar appropriation. 
What will this board do? Their treatment of the cause will decide its fate. 

They have the broad powers to do so, and a moral obligation makes it a 
duty. No law specifically authorizes the purchase of stamps, little oifice 
appliances, and personal services by name, yet these be necessary; and wise 
men always exercise their rights in such matters without hesitation. Then, 
why expect a law already flexible enough for wise and progressive act-, to 
specifically mention this particular cause, which must prove as service tble 
to the cause of education today and in the future as any one individual act. 


Will the Board of Education, exercising a prerogative that certainly lies 
-with it, give the people a stone when it is crying for bread? This, in the 
light that is breaking all about us, is no time for any "passing of the buck." 

»** Eft * * ft • 


House on fire--no sensible man will stand back for orders before he 
throws a bucket of water; a person is drowning in a mill pond---refuse ef- 
fort of rescue until the permission of the owner of the mill-pond is had to 
enter on the premises; death and ignorance stalking all about, and even 
weaving a coil around those yet unborn---an organized authority with 
ample power and unquestionable reasons to lend a helping hand, even if 
unmindful of a reciprocal service, "passes the buck" to a stranger and 
an outsider, who is lacking in every qualification to see the local setting. 
But life is made up of just such akward kinks, shadows and indecisions. 

The Washington Conference is over. One has to be obsessed with an a- 
bundance of optimism to see any permanent good growing out of it. It puts 
out of business thousands of workman in the navy yards, stops construction 
on war vessels. But when the war-like nations that go about with a chip on 
the shoulder have had time to catch their breath, the accomplishments of 
the Washington Conference will not amount to a last year's bird nest in 
preventing war. What is to prevent the scores of other nations not in this 
conference from a little secret conference of their own? Some of these 
days the necessity of the League of Nations will appeal even to the doubt- 
ing Thomases. 

Dr. Henry A. Cotton, a former North Carolinian, now superintendent of 
the New Jersey Hospital for the Insane, made an address at Dix H>11, in 
Raleigh, in which he declares that "surgery is a cure for most insane.'' 
Dr. Cotton startled the physicians present with the statement that the rec- 
ord in his institution showed a cure of ninety out of a hundred during the 
first year after the introduction of his methods. Insanity, he claims, is not 
hereditary, but due to some physical defect at some point in the body, 
must often in the teeth, less often in the tonsils and sometimes in the in- 
testines. We have just begun to find out things. 

Recently several prominent and reputable physicians have been hailed in- 


to the Federal Court for an alleged violation of the narcotic law. The 
testirmny against them was so miserably (liirisy, that the presiding judge 
took the occasion to say some very pointed things to the officers who com- 
passed the arrests. There is enough to do in running down the old gray 
rats that are making a foot- pad of the prohibition law and those who are 
ignoring out-and-out the narcotic law. without offering insults to reputable 
men and upright physicians. Judge Connor's remarks may tame the wild 

News came out from Raleigh last week that State Treasurer Ben Lacy 
was critically '11. It disturbed the people. Happily fur the great rervice 
he is performing for the state and for bis friends, Mr. Lacy rallied and 
is recovering. There is possibly no greater sufferer, and yet always stren- 
uously engaged, than the earnest little man that tills this important office. 

"Half the human race is without physicians ami rotting with disease. 
There are 3,000,000 people ill all the time in the United States, half of whom 
don't need to be." This is the comment of the Commissioner of Labor 
and Industry of Pennsylvania, and he's a phyiscian. The old villian, ig- 
norance, collects annually a fearful toll. 


An old laborer, bent double with age and toil, was gathering 
sticks in a forest. At last he grew so tired and hopeless that he 
threw d )wn the bundle of sticks, and cried out: "I cannot bear 
this life any longer. Ah, I wish Death would only come and take 

As he spoke, Death, a grisly skeleton, appeared and said to him: 
"What wouldest thou, Mortal? I heard thee call me." "Please 
sir," replied the woodcutter, "would you kindly help me to lift 
this faggot of sticks on to my shoulder?'' 


>I»*>-I<*I»»I»*T l 





Tlieres Place In Life For The Anecdote. 

. JOE IT. FREELAND: For thirty or forty years prior to 1005 or 1907, Joe 
Freehand was a well known and respected citizen of Charlotte, lie was a 
native of Alamance county, and wont through four years of the war of secess- 
ion with barely a scratch. With him, as mess mates, were G. W. Anthony arid 
ex-sheriff J. li. Hamilton of Burlington and the late Armstrong Tate of Gra- 
ham, who always said they belonged to "Jackson's foot calvary.' 

These four were baon ompan- would allow, even to a mud and stick 

ions. The writer has heard all of them chimney, a little higher than a man's 

talk separately and together of tilings head. Erceland we,s at many places 

that happened in those terrible days. he was never supposed to be, and 

Frceland developed the nack For get- knew full well many of the habits of 

tin.; something to eat it' anything was the captain. On a bitter cold winter 

''going - ' that resembled eatables, and night, soon after being robbed of the 

no doubt his mates depended upon his ham, Frceland decided that it would 

resourcefulness when rations were be a good time to "even up" with the 

slow, ajid that was often in the Con- captain. After all was still in the 

federate army. Aside from the afore camp, the men doing as best they could 

mentioned ability to provide, Frceland to keep warm, Frceland crept forth 

was full of jokes, practical jokes, great to the ca.ptain's house-tent: peering 

on a tussle and playing pranks. in, he saw the captain in bed, his feet 

This being so he early won the di.s- from under the cover, toasting them 

like of his captain, who developed the by a bright tire, burning low. Like 

habit of charging Joe with any devil- a cat after its prey, Freehold got him 

meat that might be done in the camp, a stone about the size of a man's head 

Once it leaked out and reached the syad carefully dropped it down the 

captain's ears that Freeland and his chimney on the bed of coals, which 

pals were living high on a country (lew all over the captain's naked feet 

ham that had by some crook found its and was gone like a flash, 

way into the tent of this quartet. To He had barely time to get into his 

make sure that it was well hidden, bunk and cover up before the captain 

they had kept it buried in the ground was there, calling for Joe Frceland, 

of the tent, and felt sure that if a who by this time was fast asleep ( ?) 

search was made it would not be and proved by all three of his mates 

found. that lie had not left the tent that 

But when the captain came he was night (?) He had a great store of 

prepared for most anything, and soon tales of those four years, but this was 

dug up the remains of the ham and perhaps as .often told as any other 

carried it into his own tent, which had story of his long and useful life.— C. 

been made as comfortable a-s material \Y. H. 

_ The D. A. R's will find a very engaging story, in which their organiza- 
tion plays a part, in "The Jumel House" appearing elsewhere in this num- 
ber, Much history radiates from this house. 


,.,.,,, .,..„.,-,,. • .... .., •■; 

J,v.' . ' i 








One hundred and ninety years ago, on next Wednesday, occurred the 
birth of George Washington, whose life and services in the affairs of this 
■continent make of him the greatest outstanding figure in American history. 

It is fitting that each recurring 
anniversary of the "Father of his 
country" should be appropriately ob 
served that the children of men, who 
are striving for wealth, social posi- 
tion and ascendancy, l.iay know 
the true reasons why George Wash- 
ington became ihe man he was, the 
leader he was, the statesman he be- 
came, and why he yet, ages after- 
ward, is revered. 


Bom in Virginia February 22. 
1732; on first surveying expedi- 
tion March 17 IS; commissioned 
adjutant-general, with rank of major 
1751; sails fo» the West Indies with 
his brother Lawrerce Sept. 1751; 
commissioned 'ieutenant - colonel 
1754; appointed aid de-camp to 
General Bradduck 1755; Braddoek's 
defeat July 9, 1755; elected to the 
House of Burgesses 1758; marries 
Mrs Martha CusMs January 
6, 1759; member of the first Con- 
tinental Congress 1774; member of 
the second Continental Congress 
1775; appointed commander in-chief 
cf the American armies June i5. 17- 
75; takes command at Cambridge, 
•July 3, 1775; Declaration of Independ- 
ence July 4, 1776; battle of Long 
Island August 22. 1776; battle of 
Trenton Nov. 16. 1776; Flag adopt- 
ed by Congress June. 14. 1777; bat- 
tle - f Brandy wine Sept. 10, 1777; bat- 
tle of Germantown Oct. 4, 1777; Rat- 
ification of Treaty with France May 
2, 1 77S; battle of Monmouth Court 
House June 28, 1778; arrival of 

French fleet July 1778; Cornwallis' 
surrender at Yorktown October 19, 
1781; takes leave of army Nov. 2, 
17S3; resigns his commission Dec. 23, 
1783; presides at the Constitutional 
Convention 1787; Chosen first presi- 
dent of the United States 178a, in- 
augurated April 30, 1789; chosen 
for second term 1793; issues Fare- 
well Address to the people of the 
United States Sept. 15, 1796; retires 
from presidency March 4, 1797; nom- 
inated Commander-in-Chief of the 
armies of the United States July 2, 
1798, Dies Dec. 18, 1799. 


It is memorable as the residence 
and the burial place of George 
Wa=hington. It is on the right 
bark of the Potomac river, in Vir- 
ginia, fifteen miles below Washing- 
ton, and reached by boat or trolley. 
In 1858 the mansion and the sur- 
rounding- property were saved from 
the auctioneer's hammer, and se- 
cured as a national possession. It 
is a beautiful spot, and perfectly 

A visit to Mt. Vernon, while an 
evidence of one's patriotic regard, 
provides in fact a great history in a 
nut-shell. 'I here are many things 
there that Washington used and are 
preserved as he fixed them to suit 
his ideals of living in his day. 

Ihe tomb is guarded, l'he ebony 
black negro, whom we met there as 
the guard, lacks the politeness and 
the affability one is accustomed to 
find in the old-time negro. The 


way he orders folks to 
take off their hats as 
they approach the 
tomb of Washington 
--•a very proper thing 
to do~-smacks of the 
authority of a mon- 
arch anil makes the 
old negro appear rath- 
er contemptible, jar- 
ring the solemnity of 
the occasion. 



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L . 


Began to take shape 
during Washington's 
first term as president. 
The design of this most 
magnificent building is said to have 
been the suggestion of John Quiney 
Adams. The corner stone was laid 
1793 during Washington's second 
term as president. 


Notwithstanding the fact that 
the plan of a monument to General 
Washington was approved by Con 

Mount Vernon. 



gre?s in tiie latter part of Decem- 
ber. 1799, nothing was done in the 
matter until 1833. when an associa- 
tion of prominent persons undertook 
the raising or the needed funds by 
subscription, and '>n July 4th. 1S-1S, 
had s> far succeeded in their under- 
taking that the corner stone of a 
monument was laid, and during th? 
succeeding eight years the shaft was 
carried to the height 

. of 156 feet. 

Work at this period 
ceased, because of the 
W a r Between t h e 
Staies an i for other 
reasons. In 1876 Con- 
gress undertook the 
completion of the mon- 
ument. It was com- 
pleted Augusc 9. ItS-J. 
The time consumed in 
cam ing out this I re- 
ject of a memora' to 
the first president of 
the United States cov- 
ered a period more 
than a long life. 



The shaft is 555 feet high; 
including: the fouudation it is 
592 feet, and at the base is 55 
feet, 112 inches square. The 
monument was dedicated with 
imposing ceremonies on Feb- 
ruary 22, 1SS5, just eighty-six 
years after the project was au- 
thorized. Its cost was about 
$1,500,000. Adminstrations go 
and administrations come, but 
this monument remains an 
eternal testimony of love and 
gratefulness of a great people 
to the "Father of his country." 

Built of white marble, and 
standing in the cluster of 
a beautifuly kept- park, this 
monument is an object of won- 
der and delight to the thou- 
sands, who annually visit it and 
go up to it's supremest height, 
either by the stairway or the 

Approaching Washington 
this monument is the first of 
this giand city to greet the eye. 

----v •--. 



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When one thinks of the unsullied career of George Washington as a sol- 
dier, a statesman, a patriot; when one reflects upon the antique virtues 
of the man, causing him to fall easily, as of right, into the company of 
the Alfreds and Godfreys and Leonidases, one is more inclined to cling 
to the ancient faith of an overruling Providence guiding the affairs of na- 
tions.— Dr.. E. A. Alderman. 




The home life of George Washington is one of the most pleasant aspects of 
this great man's career. When lie married Mrs. Mnrth^ Custis, hev little sun 
and daughter went with her to live at Mount Vernon. Washington was like 
a father to them, loving them dearly, sharing their (roubles and joys, their 

study and play. 

John Custis was six years old, and 
Washington soon taught him to love 
outdoor life. They rode' miles to- 
gether on horseback over theVirginia 
hills. The little boy learned to sit his 
horse well, for his stepfather was a 
splendid horseman. There were long 
canters or gallops, when they rode 
away to attend to some important 
business. Then there were the duties 
of a soldier to lie learned, how to rida 
in line, wheel his horse and keep in 
place, ride erect, and halt or advance 
instantly at a word, as if horse and 
rider were one. 

All this John enjoyed, but he liked 
best the long hunting trips, when the 
stately General was as good company 
as another boy would have been. 
General Washington taught his young 
companion how to set traps and 
snares, how to come up to the game 
softly that he might not frighten it 
away, and many other things [hat 
are of real interest to a boy. 

In his pictures, the Farther of our 
Country always seems to us ery 
grand and solemn; and so we love to 
think of him enjoying the company of 
this little buy. \Ve feel better ac- 


quaint oil villi hiin than we do when sboe-bui'kles ami a colored coat, and 

1,0 road only of his groat deeds as hi* hair was tied with a ribbon. On 

General or as President. Sundays when they went to church, 

Wasshington ifhvays kept a dairy, as*- they always did, they rode in a 

and one day ho wrote in it: "Went a chaise. In those old days the sexton 

hunting with Jaokcy Curtis, and showed people to their scats, and 

catehed a fox after three hours, chase, locked them in, for there were doors 

Found it in the creek*'. to the pews. During the services he 

Martha Curtis was only four years walked up and down the aisle to see 

old wliea her mother married General that the children s-nt quietly and that 

Washington. She was a very quiet, their elders kept awake, 

ladylike child, dressed like a 'irtle Martha died when she was sixteen, 

wo; an. her hair done up in rolls and. and not only her family mourned for 

trimmed with ornaments and loath- her, but all the. servants on the 

ers or ribbons. At that time, all the plantation used to . weep when they 

nnc clothes had to be brought from spoke of her, for she was loved by all. 

F.i rlar.d, and in a long list which John was sent to Annapolis to be 

General Washington ordered for educated, and afterwards to King's 

V rtha when site was six years old. College — now Columbia. He reiaain- 

ive find frocks of lawn and of tine ed in college 01:'; thr< • itn tilhs, Ihen 

brie, satin shoes, silver shoe-buck- he came home and was married. He 

lis, and a coat made of fashionable still spent much time at Mount 

silk. We are glad to know that in the Vernon with his wife end the little 

same list are two dolls, and a b x ..£ children who came to them. lie be- 

gingerbread, toys and sugar images, came of great use to Washington as 

In those days little girls were not aid-de-eamp, and died of a lever just 

given much education; so "Martha as the news of the victory of York- 

never went to school, but studied with town was being carried through the 

her mother, worked on her sampler, country. His step father was heart- 

and practiced on the harpsichord. broken at his loss, and when he saw 

Mount Vernon was a grand old his ''dear Jackey" breathe his last, 

plantation. There were wide grounds he threw himself on a couch and 

like great parks, planted with fruit wept like •< child. 

trees and flowers. The house was Mount Vernon was very lonely now, 

filled with tine furniture and euriosi- and General Washington begged Mrs. 

ties new to the ehildren/Phere was a John Custis for two of her four 

long gallery to play in on rainy days, children to bring up as his own. 

and a high hill running down to the She finally consented, and two more 

river, where they could race and run, children, a girl and a boy, came to 

or play in the water. Mount Vernon to live. Those were 

WLen the Washington family Eleanor Parke Custis and George 

traveled, they went in a huge chariot Washington Parke Custis. Tho 

drawn by four horses, and with posti- latter was familiarly called Washing- 

lio::s in livery. Little Martha was ton. 

d r ' ed 5n satins, and John wore silver Eleanor was two and a half years 



old, and not at all like the quite little 
girl Martha had been. She did not 
like to have her hair dressed with 
ribbons a,nd feathers. She did not like 
to sew or practice, though her grand- 
farther, as she called him, bought 
her a new harpsichord, costing, a 
thousand dollars. She was General 
Washington's favorite companion and 
loved to go with him on long rides and 
walks. Little Washington came in for 
his share of lessons, but his grand- 
mother tried to make them as light 
as possible. And so between study 
iynd play, these two children whom 

Washington loved grew up strong and 
happy and each lived to be more than 
three score and ten. 

We often read of the first President 
of the United States as the busy 
planter, looking after his plantation, 
as the grave general, the wise states- 
man, or the man of society; but we 
love sometimes to remember what a 
kind, loving father lie was to those 
four children who knew no other 
father, and how he loved them, and 
cared for them, sharing their troubles 
and their joys. 



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w. % ■'-■ - . 


The Call in Washington's Time. 

This is a picture of probably the t-enth century was The Minuet, and 

last dance Washington engaged in. the music was martial, smooth and 

The court dance of the Colonial the time was marked by the -jre- 

period and extending into the nine- cision of a metronome. It required no 


ordinary grace on the part of men these graceful and orderly gather- 
ami women of that day to tip-toe to ings if one of the modern-day 
the minuet and make the courtesies couples of jazz dancers would have 
in perfect unison to the music. appeared, coatless and the young 
Dancing in those days was an ac- dame with her short skirt, and pull- 
cnmplishment in grace and demean- ed oil" the "bunny-hug,'' "turkey- 
or in those days and the music ap- trot," and a few other modern 
pealed to the finer impulses---rythm, stunts that had their origin- 
courtly bearing, grace and precision. WHERE? 
Imagine the consternation in one of 

On the 30th of April, 1780, in the little balcony of Federal Hall, over- 
looking the present Wall Street, in New York, Washington took the oath of 
office, becoming the first President of the United States. All of the streets 
as far as the eye could reach were packed with spectators. Waclungton 
was a fine-looking man as he stood there erect, more than six feet in 
height. He was dressed in a suit of brown cloth, with metajl buttons that 
had an eagle on them. He wore white stockings and silver knee and shoe 
buckles, his hair was gathered behind in a large silk bag, and a sword 
hung at his side. 

Washington s Visits In 1791 

Some years ago the writer was at Gatesville. at the United States Ho- 
tel, and was very gravely assured that George Washington had spent a 
night there, in the tour of the State he made in 1791; in fact "Washing- 
ton's Room'' was shown, on the second floor; at the moment occupied by 
the county superintendent of public instruction. At three or four other 
places the writer has been shown places "where Washington had slept," 
some "where he ate" and at least two "chairs he sat in," writes Ccl. Fred 
A. Olds.* £?ff- .: 

Now where did Washington stop Shrin's hotel; on the 23rd dined 
on that journey from his home, Mt. at Foy's hotel and slept at Sages ho- 
Vernon, near Alexandria, Virginia, tel; on the 24th arived at Wilming- 
to Georgia? At Halifax, where he ton at 2 o'clock and remaining there 
spent Saturday night. April 16 the until] the morning of ihe 26th, 
following day and night; on the breakfasting at Ben Smith's hotel 
18th dined at Slaughter's hotel, and and spending the night at Russ' ho- 
spent at Tarboro; on the 19ih dined tel; on the 27th breakfasted at Wil- 
at Greenville and slept at Allen's; on Ham Cause's hotel, and crossed the 
the 20th breakfasted at Col. Allen's line into South Carolina at 12:30 
and dined at New Bern; there he o'clock. 

stayed until the 22nd; on the 22nd General Washington went to South 

dined at 'Jrenton and slept at Carolina and came ba:k into North 



Carolina in the piedmont region, his 
trip southward being through the 
costal plain. May 2Sth he reached 
Charlotte at 3 o'clock, dined there 
and spent the night; on the 29th he 
dined at Col. Smith's inn and slept 
at Maj. Phifer's inn; on the 30th 
reached Salisbury for breakfast, 
dined and slept there; on the olst 
breakfasted at Young's hotel on the 
Yadkin and at 3 o'clock reached 
Salem, where he remained until 
June 2nd, when he and Gov. Martin 
went to Guilford Court House battle- 
field and dined there; on the 3rd of 
June breakfasted at Troublesome 
Iron Works and slept at Gatewood's 
hotel, on the Dan river; on the 4th 
crossed the line into Virginia. 

The great Washington was an ear- 
ly riser, a thorough farmer, in fact 
the best one in the United States 
and by far the most advanced. So 
he often on this notable journey was 
up and away as early as 4 o'clock in 
the morning. "Early to bed and 
early to rise" certainly made that 
greatest of Americans "healthy and 
wealthy and uise." 


When leaving Georgetown, 3 C, 
on his Southern trip in 1791, Wash- 
ington's heavy coach was drawn by 
four horses. The roadway led him 
through the rice fields of the Santee 
county. On and on at a rapi 1 pace 
he dashed, crossing the three branch- 
es of the Santee. At il o'clock in 
the morning he came to a handsome 
county house whose portoeo was up- 
lifted on tall pillars. Beneath the 
portoeo stood Mrs. Pieknty, mother 
of Charles Cotesworth Mekney. By 
her side was her daughter, the wi- 
dow of Daniel Horry, one of Marion's 
brave men. Around these two were 

assembled other fair women to wel- 
come the President. Their sashes 
had Washington's portrait painted 
upon them. 

The President came down from 
the great carriage and met the greet- 
ings of his friends with a stately 
bow: The entire party entered the 
large room which was called the 
ballroom and took their seats at a 
bn.i> table. A little army of colored 
waiters came trooping in from the 
kitchen with heavy covered dishes. 
A long time was spent by the Pres- 
ident at the breakfast table. Then 
he bowed farewell to his hostess, the 
driver cracked his whip, and the 
great carriage rolled away towards 


George Washington got into '"the 
trifling town of Charlotte" at 3 
o'clock on the afternoon of May 2Sth, 
1791. He was on the homeward leg 
of a journey on which he had set 
forth from Philadelphia in March of 
that year, and which led through 
Newbern to Wilmington, into lower 
Georgia and back through South 
Carolina by way of Columbia and 
Camden. He spent but one da\ at 
Charlotte, and found nothing to make 
note of except a dining wit li "General 
Thomas Folk ami a small party in- 
vited by him, at a table prepared for 
the purpose," and of "a school (rail- 
ed a college) in it at which, at times, 
there has been 50 or CO boys." Leav- 
ing Charlotte for Salisbury, he "oined 
at Colonel Smith's 15 miles off, and 
lodged at Major Phifer's, 7 miles far- 
ther." This .Major Phifer was a son 
of John Phifer, one of the lending 
patriots of Mecklenburg County, 



whose body rests at "Red Hills." 
This is the old Revolutionary grave- 
yard on the road hill near Dodson's 
mill, on the land of Mr. John P. Alli- 
son, and not far from the scene of the 
blowing up of the British powder 
wagons by the celebrated Cabarrus 
Blade Boys. This information about 
John Phifer is added by the writer 
to the notes from Washington's 
journal of his visit, that given in 
quotations being all he had to say 
about this locality. 

But in the library of the late Gene- 
ral Rufus Barringer is a biography of 
CharlesCatdwell, M. !>., in which there 
are given a few personal reminis- 
cences. Doctor Caldwell was one of 
the party that went out to meet 
Washington as he was coming to 
Charlotte. lie notes that the General 
rode "a milk white charger, a pres- 
ent to him by Frederick of Prussia 
near the close of the Revolutionary 
war," and the stepping of the horse 
was '"measured and proud, as if the 
noble animal was conscious of the 
character and standing of his rider." 
Doctor Caldwell "posted'' Washing- 
ton as to what to expect in "a small 
town through which we shall pass, 
where Lord Cornwallis lay encamped 
when he swore that lie had never be- 
fore been in such a d n d nest 

of Whigs, for he could get neither 
chicken nor bread for his table nor 
oats for his horse." "Pray, what is 
the name of that town?" asked the 

"Charlotte, sir," replied Doctor 
Caldwell "the county seat of Meck- 
lenburg and the place where Inde- 
pendence was declared about a year 
before its declaration by Congress." 
Doctor Caldwell proceeded with the 

further information that Washington 
might bo prepared for a great re- 
ception there, as large numbers were 
already assembled "and the crowd 
was increasing rapidly." The people 
had come "in large, well-covered farm 
wagons, for their bed chambers, and 
enough of substantial food already 
cooked to last a week. Others had put 
up tents in the midst of a beautiful 
and celebrated grove, where a victory 
had been won by a company of militia 
over a party of Tarleton's dragoons." 

Washington expressed a desire to 
meet at Charlotte some of the signers 
of the Mecklenburg Declaration of 
Independence, but Doctor Caldwell in- 
formed him that his father, one of the 
signers was dead, that Doctor Bre- 
vard, the author of the Declaration 
\va,s also dead, that of the members 
of the convention still living he knew 
personally only two — John McKnitt 
Alexander, who was the president 
of the body, ami Adam Alexander, his 
brother, who had been its secretary. 
These two, he told Washington, "are 
far advanced in life r,nd lived some 
distance from Charlotte," but Doe- 
tor Caldwell assured the president 
that "their evergreen spirit of patrio- 
tism, united to their strong desire to 
see him, would bring them there, 
should they be able to travel." It 
is not related whether the desire of 
Washington to meet these signers 
was realized. 

It was between Charlotte and Salis- 
bury that Washington made note of 
the best land he had yet seen, "very 
fine, of reddish cast and well-timber- 
ed, with but little underwood" and the 
first meadows he had seen since start- 
ing out from Virginia. He had pass- 
ed through what is now known as the 


sandhills of North Carolina, and found who blacked themselves to conceal 

it "the most barren country I ever bo- their identity, thus Riving- them 

held, no other than a bed of white the name of "Black Boys," and with 

sand." He believed if "the ideas a determination to destroy this wag. 

of poverty conld be separated from on train journeying from Charles- 

the sand,' the appearance of -it is ton, S. C, to Hillsboro, loaded with 

agreeable." Wonder what "Washing- powder, for the purpose of killing 

ton would exclaim now if he could "traitors." The most daring and 

once more traverse the sandhills and patriotic deed is too well known at 

take in the sights around I'inehurst this day to be repeated here, 
and Southern Pines, with the great CoL Martin Phifer who lived at 

tobacco fields and peach orchards Red Hill Farm atihis time, had wrv. 

,, , .. i • i, • ed in the Continental army, under 

covering the sand trom whieh. m- -,„,,. , f . 

, , ., ,., „ . ,, , ben. Washington, and saw hard ser- 

deed, the "ideas ot poverty" have . -,, , • \ ■ ,, ■ tU 

vice with him, and especially in the 

been effectively separated! 

Valley Force campaign,' recorded as 

WASHINGTON IN CABARRUS, 1791. the severest in th*> seven years' war 

of the Revolution. Col. Phifer was 

By J. P. Allison promoted to Colonel toward the end 

General Washington's trip of the war,. but he was Known by 

through this section, in 1791, was his friends and neighbors as Major 

before the county of Cabarrus was Phifer, as he served longer as Major 

taken from Mecklsnburg, two years than Colonel, but the latter is his 

later. At that period, there was no official title in the war records, 

town, or even village, in what is now The anticipated visit of Gen. 

Cabarrus county. It was a wooded Washington to one of his esteemed 

country, with clearings here and fellow soldiers. Maj. Phifer, was a 

there, called farms. great event to the latter. There is 

One of the best of these was call- no record, however, of how the great 

ed "Red Hill Farm," (Around it general was entertained, but it is 

centres much interesting history sufficient to say that he fared 

of the affairs of upper Meek- sumptiously, as the Major had 

lenburg and particularly of some large possessions and was proverbial 

notable early settlers, who con- far and wide for being a "bountiful 

tributed of their patrotism and provider"— his a private home not- 

valor to the cause of American free- ed throughout the whole section for 

dom. Of this The Uplift hopes at its hospitality. 

an early day to have a full account. The coming of this distinguished 
-Editor) three miles west of Con- visitor was heralded by bis best, 
cord, and was owned by the Phifers. throughout the country, inviting the 
On this farm .vas a general muster- people to come to the muster- ground 
ground, and the famous "Black to meet the great soldier general; 
Boys" spring. This spring was a but it was a tremendous disappoint- 
popular camping ground for travel- ment to them, as they gathered in 
ers; and it was at this place that the great numbers, at the muster- 
British powder was blown up by a ground, expecting to give him an 
number of patriotic men, in 1771, ovation, to learn that Gen. Washing- 



ton was gone. He announced on his 
arrival that his'time was so limited 
it would be l impossible-' to remain 
longer than the', night. (Here we 
-vividly •see the lack of facilities of 
communication of that period. Such 
an occurrence could not happen in 
this day, for the whole countryside 
could be informed in. few minutes, 
and they would swarm about 
Major Phifer's premises in the night- 
time rather than miss such a pleasure 
and privilege. -■•Editor). He was 
scheduled to breakfast in Salisbury, 
twenty miles away. 

On his way, May 30th, to Rowan's 
capitol, she topped at a farm-house 
about two miles above China Grove, 
and was met at the door by a little 
girl who informed him that none of 
the family was at home excepting 
herself---that they had all gone to 
Salisbury to see General Wash- 
ington. He asked her if she did not 
want to see him, too. She replied 
that she did, e\er so much, but 
there was not room for her, so she 
was left with the servants. The 
General told her he was hungry 
and if she would give him a glass 
of milk and a piece of corn-bread, 
she should see General Washington 
first; and she soon brought the de- 
sired refreshment, whereupon he 
said. "I am Gen. Washington." 
The name of the little girl was 
Betsy Brandon. The old house still 
stands in the most dilapidated condi- 
tion, and will soon be a pile of debris 
unless sentiment and patriotism as- 
sert themselves towards it rescue. 
This house was the home for 
many years of the late Montford 

Washington In- Salem. 
T'JE Uplift requested of Dr. 

Howard E. Rondthaler, president of 
Salem Academy and College, at Win- 
ston's Salem, N. C, to briefly teil of 
Washington's stay and entertain- 
ment in Salem. Dr. Rondthaler's in- 
ter esting story follows: 

George Washington's visit to Old 
Salem has always been cherished as 
one of the most interesting events 
in the history of this ancient town. 

For many years verbal tradition 
retained a lively interest in his visit, 
and recently the tavern at which he 
was entertained has been perman- 
ently memoralized with a handsome 
bronze tablet. President Washing- 
ton was entertained at the old Salem 
Hotel, still standing and occupied, 
and the room which he made his 
headquarters is still designated as 
the Washington room and has un- 
dergone but little change since his 

He was met by the offeers of the 
Church and Town and in a carefully 
prepared address which is still pre- 
served in the Archives, hewaswel- 
ed most heartily to the Communi- 
ty. He responded formally in a 
written address, the original being 
preserved also in the Archives where 
it is held amongst the most'cherished 

While here he visited with great 
care the busy and thriving Com- 
munity which then numbered more 
than a thousand people and he ex- 
pressed his amazement and delight 
at the substantial character of the 
Community, commenting on its large 
practical buildings which surpassed 
anything in vVestern Carolina at 
that time, and being particularly 
impressed with the fact that the 
Town, though not a generation old 
was supplied with water in all parts, 
this being carried in conduits under- 


ground constructed in part of terra which was already in its 20th year, 
cotta and in part of logs bored having been founded in 1771. 
through. During the later hour in the even- 
Mr. Washington attended divine ing he was further enertained at 
service in the Moravian Church and the Hotel by a musical program in- 
expressed his pleasure and edifica- eluding piano music on a harpsi- 
tion. In the evening he was serenad- chord which is likewise preserved 
ed by the Church Band and the mu- in the historical collection of the 
sic prepared for this occasion is >till Salem Museum. Mr. Washington 
preserved in the Historical Museum was deeply impressed throughout 
at Salem. With great heartiness, his visit and gave frequent expres- 
aceompanied by the- Band, the eiti- 'sion to his delight in the Community 
zens sang, "God Save Good Wash- life here and to his interest adn eon- 
ington" to the tune "America." fidenee in the future of Salem. 
He visited the Salem Academy 

When President Washington went out of his house he rode in a largo 
cream-colcred carriage, drawn by four horses and sometimes by si:c. Every 
Tuesday afternoon lie held a reception called a levee. At three o'clock 
the doors were opened and the guest entered. There stood the President iu 
front of the fireplace. He was dressed in black velvet, had yellow gloves 
on his hands, and was holding a three-cornered hat under his left arm. 
The hilt of a sword was sticking out from beneath his coat. With his 
right hand behind his back he made a bow to the company in a dignified 
but rather stiff way. Then he walked around the room and said something 
to each visitor. He did not shake any one's hand. 

Ths Famous Jumel Mansion 

By JulL W. Wolfe. 

Every young person coming tn New York City should visit the Jumel 

This old house was purchased by the city of New York in 1903 for §235,- 
000 and is now maintained as a museum of relics of the Revolutionary pe- 
riod by the Daughters of American Revolution and this house is the sule 

survivor of the many historic ones and river and the varied Wincb-3- 
that once graced Manhattan Island. tor plains. It vas built for Miss 
It stands at 160th street and Edge- Mary Phillipse by her father, Fred- 
combe Avenue, near High Bridge, erick Phillipse, lord of the manor 
at the northern limit of Manhat- of Phillipseburg— now Yonkers— 
tan Island, in the midst of the scan- who gave it to her, together with 
ty rerrains of a once fine park of 500 acres of land on Manhattan as 
130 odd acres, overlooking the city her dowry. 


Mary Philiipse was a much cour- 
ted belle of New York society of 
1756. It has even been asserted 
that George Washington, who had 
met her at the home of his friend 
Sevarly Robison during one of his 
freqr.ent visits to New York, was so 
taken with her charm that, he became 
a suitor for her h?nd. He had a rival 

marriage soon followed. 

At the outbreak of the Revolu- 
tion the two former rivals found 
themselves in opposing armies, Rog- 
er Morris, being a Colonei with the 
British forces and George Washing- 
ton commander-in chief of the col- 
onists. Mrs. Morris occupied her 
home until the British attaet on 


A ■' 

The Famous Jumel House. 

in the person of Ruger Morris, a 
Captain in the British Army, which, 
was then garrisoning New York 
and Washington was soon call- 
ed to the frontier by the Indian 
Wars. Some months later a friend 
wrote him "Morris is laying siege 
• to Miss Philiipse," and that if he 
had any interest in that quarter 
he had best visit New York at once, wriich Washington did not 
accept. Not long afterward the be 
trothal of Captain Morris to Miss- 
Phillipse was announced and their 

the city in August 1776, when she 
hastily left it, never again to re- 
turn, and found a refuge with the 
Tory people among the highlands. 

A few days later General Washing- 
ton arrived and made the house his 
headquarters during his operation 
on the island. His occupation last- 
ed only a short time, however, and 
during the summer of 1777 Lieut.- 
Gcneral Sir Henry Clintor used it as 
the British Headquarters. In the 
summer of 1773 Lieut. -Gen. Baron 
von Puyphausen and his German. 



staff occupied the manor, and in the 
5ast year of the Revolution Lieut- 
Gen, von Losberg lived in it. 

At the close of the war Mrs. Mor- 
ris's estates, together with those of 
other Tories, were confiscated, and 
she went with her husband to Eng- 

In July, 1790, Washington, who 
was then President, visited the house 
for a second time. He writes of the 
visit: "Having formed a party con- 
sisting of the Vice-President, his 
lady, son and Miss Smith, the Secre- 
taries of State, Navy and War and 
the ladies of the two latter, with all 
the gentlemen of my family, Mrs. 
Lear and the two children, we visit- 
ed the old position of Fort Washing- 
ton and afterward dined at the 
house lately Col. Roger Morris's, but 
•confiscated and now in the posses- 
sion of a common farmer." 

Captain Mariner, incidentally, was 
a noted character of the Revolution, 
in the course of which he had en- 
gaged in "whale-boat warfare," 
which consisted chiefly in making 
night descents en the enemy's coast 
and making prisoners of such prom- 
inent persons as came in their way. 
At the conclusion of the war he be- 
came a famous caterer, and it was 
in this capacity that he prepared the 
dinner to which Washington alludes. 

The housp was much too fine to 
continue long in the possession of a 
"common farmer," and in 1803 it 
came onto the market. Among the 
most famous of prospective pur- 
chasers was Col. Aaron Burr, who 
was then living in the splendid way 
he affected at Richmond Hill, on 
Long Island. A letter from his 
daughter Theodosia in regard to his 
possible acquisition of the house is of 
interest both as shedding light upon 

Burr and his ambitions and as show, 
ing what one of the "most charming 
and accomplished women of her day" 
thought of the home, she writes: 

"The exchange has employed my 
thoughts ever since. Richmond 
Hill will for a few years to come be 
more valuable than Morris's and to 
you, who are so fond of town, a 
place so far from it would be useless; 
so much, for my reasons on one side 
and now for the other. Richmond 
Hill has lost, many of its beauties 
and is daily losing more. If you 
mean it. for a residence, what avails 
its intrinsic value? If you sell part 
you deprive it of every beauty save 
the mere view. Morris's has the 
most commanding view on the 
island; it is reported to be indiscir 
bably beautiful. The grounds, too, 
are pretty. How many delightful 
walks can be made on the hundred 
and thirty acres; how much of your 
good taste displayed! In ten or 
twenty years hence one hundred and 
and thirty acres of New York Island 
will be a principality, and there is to 
me something stylish, elegant, res- 
pectable and suitable to your having 
a handsome country seat. So that 
on the whole, I vole for Morris's." 

Nevertheless, Col. Burr did not 
buy the property at the time, though 
he subsequently-married the owner 
of it and lived th?re, meeting a class 
of law students in the room formerly 
occupied by Washington as his bed 

Stephen Jumel bought the place in 
1810, and left it for a time in 1815 
to go to France, with the purpose 
of pursuading Napoleon to come to 
America. After Jumel's death, in 
1832, Mme. Jumel married Aaron 
Burr, but the union was of short 
dutation. Among the distinguished 


visitors during the Juinel reign were fifty years after her death. 

Louis, Jerome and Joseph Boneparte, The home is filled with relies, of" 

Mine, Jumel died in 1S65. Revolutionary days and is an , in teres- 

A niece of hers by the name of ting place to visit. 
Chase lived in the mansion nearly 

One clay when the French and Indian War was over "Washington was 
riding towards Williamsburg. Near the Pamunkey Elver he stopped at 
noon to dine in the house of a friend. He hade Bishop, his servant, have 
the horses ready for the afternoon ride, because his business at Williams- 
burg was pressing. When Washington entered the house he met another 
guest, Mrs. Custis, a young widow. After dinner he lingered by her side, 
for she had won the young soldier's heart. Bishop led the horses to the 
gate and made them walk back and forth in front of the house until sun- 
set. Then Washington arose to go, but his friend, the master of the house, 
declared that no guest should leave at an hour so late, so he spent the night 
with his friend. Very early next morning Bishop led the horses to the 
gate, but several hours parsed away bfore Washington set forth again on 
the journey to Williamsburg to look after "pressing business." Just a 
few months afterwards a large company was assembled in an old country 
church named St. Peter's. George Washington and Martha Dandridge 
Custis entered the church and stood together in front of the chancel. 
There they were pronounced man and wife by the Episcopal minister in 
that parish. The bride and her attendants then entered a large, hand- 
some coach, and six beautiful horses drew them homeward. Washington 
and his friends rode beside the carriage on horseback. They went to live 
at Mount Vernon on the Potomac, which became his property after the 
death of his brother Lawrence. 



A "Tax Inquiry Meeting" was held in Charlotte a few days ago, at which 
certain Mecklenburg citizens, disturbed by the size of their tax bills, made in- 
quiry ^s to "how come" taxes so high. Fortunately for those who desired 
light., Mecklenburg has a county auditor, who was on hand with the facts and 
figures. The auditor could tell them to a cent the amount of the county's in- 
debtedness, what the bonds were issued for, the interest rate and about the 

otfc-?r affairs of the county which re- official who could furnish the exact 

quire money, and a big buneh of it, facts from the books as to the coun- 

to carry on. This information doubt- ty's standing financially. In the 

It'' .!:<] not satisfy all the inquirers, great majority of the counties, so- 

but it was fortunate for them and the loosely is the county's business eon- 

eounfy government that there was one ducted, it is doubtful if any official 

2 4 


could be foil nil who, on short notice, 
could give a .statement of the county's 
financial condition. In many cases it 
"would take days lo get the facts and 
figures together and then there would 
be no assurance that they were cor- 
rect. This isn't mere assertion; re- 
cent official examination in many 
counties has disclosed that state oC 

But this isn't to be a discussion of 
county government. It is simply to 
call attention to the complaints about 
high taxes which are becoming vocal, 
•of which more is due to be heard 
when the orators get on the stump 
next summer and tell the sovereigns 
just how down-trodden and oppressed 
they are. The meet of the "Son of the 
Signers'' in Mecklenburg, which did 
not announce a new declaration of 
independence, was a symptom, or a 
symbol, whichever you may call it. 
The average sovereign (and by that 
term I mean voter and taxpayer) in 
this land of the free and home of the 
brave, is a rather curious mixture. He 
gives little or no thought or study to 
public affairs. "When public im- 
provements are proposed, if he is in- 
clined to be progressive he is for 'em; 
or he has doubts about the cost and 
the ability to pay he will usually be 
carried along with the tide of pop- 
ular enthusiasm, fomented by the ul- 
tra-progressives, who convince them- 
selves and all others who listen to 
them without stopping to think, that 
we can have what we want without 
its costing anybody anything to speak 
of, so long as we cr,n borrow the mon- 
ey by issuing bonds. So long as mon- 
ey can be borrowed, something bought 
■on credit, an astonishingly large num- 
ber of the sovereigns will cheerfully go 

the limit and put the thought of pay 
day behind them. That, they think, 
is a matter for others to worry about. 
But presently a large amout of debt 
is accumulated and the interest eharg- 
es require a large sum of money annu- 
ally. There is but one place to got 
the money for the interest and for all 
other public purposes and that is out 
of the pocket of the sovereign. Then 
when the tax bill comes in there is a 
yell that is heard from Ban to Beer- 
sheba. The sovereigns are sure they 
are being robbed and they denounce 
without limit the high taxes and 
those who impose them (calmly ig- 
noring the fact that they advocated, 
demanded, or assented to the things 
that made the high taxes necessary). 
They can't understand, they say, win- 
taxes are so high and they want to 
know about it. They are very much 
like not a few people who will buy 
everything in sight so long as it is sold 
to them on credit and go cheerily on 
until payment is demanded; then they 
declare' that the bill is too big; that 
they didn't get the stutT, or that it 
wasn't as represented; in fact make 
themselves believe that they have been 
badly imposed on and that they will 
be justified in repudiating the aecount 
if that can be done 

Tt is my private opinion, publicly 
expressed, that some blame attachesa 
to all concerned in this matter of 
complaints of taxes. Some of the 
complaints are unworthey of no; ice, 
for many there be who will complain 
at any taxes at all. What they want 
is to get everything and pay for 
nothing. But while the mass of the 
people generally are to blame for not 
studying public affairs, keeping j ost- 
ed and exercising a directing iaftu- 



enee, public authorities are more to 
blame for not keeping the people 
fullv advised as to their affairs. 
The people are frequently misled by 
not being told the whole truth: and 
then when the facts dawn on them 
through the size of their tax bills they 
ore ready to declare they have been 
deceived. As a matter of fact there 
has been, as a rule, no deception. 
They didn't take the pains to get the 
facts, which they might have had for 
the asking. The point I am making 
is, that to avoid this recurrent dis- 
satisfaction, to prevent any possibility 
of misunderstanding, the people should 
be told the whole truth at all times. 
When a bond issue is proposed for 
streets, or roads or schools or any 
public improvement, instead of making 
pretense that the cost to the tax- 
payer will he negligible, the public 
o!lieials,on whom the people depend 
for leadership and guidance, should 
make a clear statement of the exact 
facts; the people should be told what 
they owe, the cost of operating the 
government and what the additional 
expenditure will add to their taxes — 
told so plainly that the wayfaring man 
can understand and none may find ex- 
cuse to say they were misled; and not 
only should statement be issued when 
additional expenditure is proposed, 
but be kept on hand at all times, fully 
up to date, so that even- taxpayer can 
have, by request, the exact informa- 
tion as to what the tax is levied for 
and how it is expended. There is 
and always has been too much dis- 
position to avoid publicity in the 
transaction of public business. Public 
officials proceed on the theory that it 
isn't best to let the people know 
everything; that if they are told all 

about matters there would be a lot 
of unwarranted objection. Xot only 
do the taxpayers have a right to- 
know all that is done and all about it r 
but I contend that it is good policy 
to tell them. Publicity allays suspic- 
ion. If there is something they 
haven't heard about the people 
naturally think something is being 
put over on them. 

I contend then that the people are 
first to blame in not informing them- 
selves and demanding that they be in- 
formed; and their public servants 
are more blameworthy in not seeing 
to it that all the people are told all 
about their affairs, in form and lan- 
guage easily comprehended. The aver- 
age statement issued by public officials, 
when one is issued, tells little; it does 
not explain to the masses. I am 
aware that if the people always 
clearly understood what the cost would 
be to them many measures for public 
improvements that have been put 
over would have been defeated for the 
time. But better that than a dissatis- 
fied citizenship feeling that they have 
been deceived and are unduly burden- 
ed. There are potentialities in such 
dissatisfaction to which it is high 
time somebody should give thought. 
To keep the record straight, let it be 
said that I have supported about 
every bond issue proposed. But along 
with that support I hqve not only in- 
sisted o n publicity as to all the facts 
but I have insisted that the time has 
come to stop the issue of bonds that 
do not carry with their issue a pro- 
vision for their retirement. Anybody 
who knows enough to shut the door 
must know that to go on issuing bonds 
with no provision for retirement, 
with the expectation of renewing the 



2iote will nut only mean paying the charges so heavy that n revolt of tax- 
principal over and over in interest, payers will be inevitable. 
but will soon accumulate interest 

To these modern ages George Washington has become, in all lands, the 
apostle of noble character preaching in his life and his grave utterances 
the high doctrine that Immortal fame and immeasurable service may be 
rendered more enduringly by integrity, honor, and the quiet virtues, than 
by eloquence, or logic, or superhuman gifts. — Alderman. 


By Milton Bronner 

LONDON', Feb. 0. — Five hundred thousand dollars runs into many millions 
of marks at present rates of exchange. 

But an offer of that amount by American movie producers has been spurned 
by the God-fearing villagers of Oberammergau, Bavaria, though they are all 
but ruined by the war, the revolution and post-war economic troubles. 


American movie producers 
wanted exclusive rights to film the 
famous Oberammergau Passion Play. 
The villagers thought acceptance of 
the offer would' be commercializing 
their holy drama. 

The Passion Play will be enacted 
•on the huge stage at Oberammergau 
next May, just as it has been per- 
formed every 10 years since 1863. 

This information comes to me di- 
rect from Oberammergau and should 
set a rest the wild rumors that have 
been current to the effect that no 
Passion Play would be given. 

These rumors were based on the 
supposition that the villagers feared 
a boycott of the play by nationals of 
the countries formerly at ivar with 
Germany and that the old players 
could not perform. 

It is true that if spectators remain- 
ed' away from the Passion Play, it 
would spell ruin for almost every 
family in Oberammergau. For the 

savings of the whole villages are 
thrown into the production. 

But there's no danger of such mis- 
fortune this year. Already more 
than 00,000 applications for seats 
have been received from Americans 
and Englishmen. 

Lc Cri de Paris, a flippant French 
anti-German weekly, recently said: 

"The 'Holy Virgin' has married; 
the 'Christ' married far from Ober- 
ammergau; 'Judas,' q private sol- 
dier, fell before Verdun, and 'Joseph' 
a fervent communist, was killed at. 
Rosenheim by the white guards. 

There's only one element of truth 
in all that. 

Ottilit Zwink, who played Mary in 
1010, was married the following year. 
Hence she's ineligible for that part 
this year. 

But "Judas" — Johann Zwink— was 
not killed in the war. And Anton 
Lang, Christ of 1910 and 1000, will 
play in the same role again this year. 



Here is the cast, as is officially Mary Magdalene Paula Rendi 

announced. . Geoi'ge Lang, a scul])tor, will act 

Christ \nton Lang as director. Nearly 700 will take part. 

Potcu' Andreas Lang One hundred and twenty-two will have 

Judas Guido Mayr speaking parts. There will ho 58- 

Annas Sebastian Lang musicians, 41 singers, 25 scene shift- 
Herod Gregor Brcitsamter ers, 60 ushers and 50 carpenters. 

John Melehoir lW'eitsaruter Most of the players in everyday 

Caiaphas Hugo Rtitz life are farmers or woodcarvers. An- 

Pilate Hans Mayr ton Lang impersonator of Christ, is 

Hary Martha Veit a potter. 

One cannot read the Farewell Address (of Washington), for instance, 
in a thoughtful mood, without genuine and lofty emotion. The words of 
this writer are the words of the creator of a new nation now grown into 
the colossal Republic of the West. We do not discern in it the classic 
simplicity of Caesar, or the fiery eloquence of Napoleon, or the meditative 
philosophy of Marcus Aurelius. His style, like his character, is high, 
serious, balanced, purposeful; but back of the style always is the man. — 
Dr. Edwin A. Alderman. 


From a penniless little country girl to the owner, at thirty years of age, of a 

home for elderly ladies in the largest city in North Carolina is the story of 
Miss Gladys Posey, who has done all this without financial aid from anyone, 
says the Winston-Salem Journal. 

At the regular monthly meeting a home for ladies of culture and re- 
of the Woman's Club this week Miss finement, and the four ladies who> 
Posey presented her work for the now board there seem to be exceed- 
first time publicly, not asking for ingly happy. The residence can ac- 
finaneial aid which she decidedly commodate 25 people and Miss Po- 
does not desire as long as she is in sey is anxious that it be full, so> 
good health, but she appealed to she appealed to the club yesterday 
the ladies that they help spread to spread abroad the news of her 
abroad the news of her home. She home which is under a Xorth Caro- 
ls sole owner, manager, housekeep- lina charter. 

Born in Pfafftown 

er, ana nurse at the "Invalids' 
Homo," formerly the residence of 

•\- ''. Holton in Waughtown. This Miss Posey was born in Pfaff- 

is a home for elderly ladies — a home town and is a daughter of the late- 

which breathes forth the very at- Charles Posey and Mrs. Mary Po- 

mospheie of the word "home" and a sey. She lived with her parents and 

place where elderly ladies can board five little brothers and five sisters 

for life if they so desire. It is until she was thirteen years old. 



■then she found friends; in this city 
who took her into their home, let- 
tiny her help with housework after 
school hours. There she stayed for 
live years when she returned to her 
home full of the desire of becom- 
ing a trained nurse. 

The idea of entering the hospital 
for training met with the bitterest 
opposition from her parents. Re- 
maining for a year at home she 
was unable to gain their consent 
so she came to this oily and re- 
mained for a few weeks with a 
friend who helped her (not finan- 
cially) to get ready and enter the 
hospital at the first vacancy that 
arose. She remained there until the 
death of her farther then gave up 
her training and retimed home for 
a while. 

A e~!l ea"ne to nurse a dear little 
old lady who was then in her de- 
clining years. Miss Posey could 
not refuse to nurse this lady of cul- 
ture and friendly understanding so 
she accepted the case. Her patient 
was a great inspiration to her and 
it was while they were together in 
the Tennesse? mountains- one sum- 
mer that she discussed freely with 
her patient her plans of a home for 
elderly ladies. And the" remarkable 
thing about it was that she did not 
want and would not accept any 
financial aid from iv'nyone. 

AYith the money Miss Pos?y saved 
that summer from nursing in Ten- 
nessee, she purchased a place in 
Pfafftown. She bought this little 
house and grounds from a second 
cousin thereby securing same at a 
smaller price than she would other- 
wise have had to pay. Xo furni- 
ture, no curtains, no money to do 

over the inside of the house she 
realized the impossibilty of makiii" 
elderly ladies comfortable so Miss 
Pos.'y decided to lake children . Mi.-> 
Annie Grogan, head of the Asso- 
ciated Charities, was consulted, and 
was happy to find a place for some 
of the little youngsters of tin 1 city 
who needed just such a home. Those 
were the days before the law had 
been passed that a child could not 
!>•■ si'c.a.'aied f.'oin its mother in less 
than two weeks, so Miss Posey took 
one child as young as nine days old, 
and another at live weeks doing 
everything for them. Her home 
continued to grow and at one time 
she had forty-live children there 
ranging in age from the above men- 
tioned weeks to eight years old. She 
took entire charge of these children, 
doing all tli e nursing, cooking, house- 
work and with no assistance from 

Miss Posey kept up the home fur 
the children until the opportunity 
came that she could purchase the 
Holton residence. She then sold her 
country place paying the money on 
this new home and opened the pres- 
ent "Invajid's Home." She brought 
with her two of the children — the 
ones she took at nine days and five 
weeks old, respectively and will 
keep them as long as she is finan- 
cially able. Today she has four 
boarders and does all the work her- 
self with the assistance of one col- 
ored girl. Miss Posey is business 
manager, housekeeper, companion, 
trained nurse, and is able to meet 
every payment on the home when 
due. Her heart and home are both 
open to other ladies who wish to join 
the happy home circle. 




Kinston. Feb. 8. ---"Don't curse the cow." This was the advice given 
here by Dr. C. Banks McNairy, superintendent of the Caswell Training 
School, who today planned to introduce a phonograph in the school's dairy 
building at milking time to see what the effect of music would be upon the 
herd there. 

Dr. McNairy is expected to make 
exhaustive experiments in connection 
with "music and milk." He told a 
gathering of professional dairymen 
and officials here last Saturday that 
a cow, being a naturally sensitive 
creature, could not give good results 
when cuffed, kicked, sworn at and 
otherwise abused. Dr. McNairy, 
who is the State's best known eugen- 
ist as well as a skilled dairyman, be- 
lieves "Just Break the News to Moth- 
er," "Last Ruse of Summer" and 
"Hark. Hark, the Lark!" and other 
soothing or gently stiring tunes will 
increase the supply from the scores 
of handsume HoLteins at the Caswell 
school. At any rate, he's going to 
try it. 

(Note: If Dr. McNairy is not pleas- 
ed with the results obtained by the 

institutional Notes. 

(Henry B. Faucette, Reporter.) 

The ground is being leveled, pre- 
paratory to the cementing the floor 
of the new pump room. 

Mr. Riser and Mr. Hayden Talbert 
are aiding the boys to bring our 
silo material from town. 

Because tidyriess is an essential 
here, Mr. Boger authorized the giv- 
ing of three boxes of brushes to each 

performance of the victrola on his 
cows, something with more volume 
might bring the desired results. If 
he is determined to fuliy test out his 
theory and, finding the victrola is too 
feeblp, we will gladly lend, upon free 
transportation, the services of our 
band. If music has any charms on 
milk cows, we entertain no doubt 
that Bandroast°r Lawrence can take 
his bunch of young musicians down 
to the Caswell School and make every 
milk-can in the institution overflow. 
This prophecy is predicated on the 
abundance of milk enjoyed at this 
institution, and when the daily band 
practices are going on it is noted that 
the herd slowly but surely approaches 
just as close to the music centre as 
the enclosure will permit.) 

New boys are arriving at the 
school on nearly every train' The 
latest arrival is Paul Green from 
Rocky Mount. 

Samuel Burnett, of Charlotte, paid 
us a visit last Friday week. His 
purpose in coming back was to get 
a statement from Mr. Boger, to be 
used in joining the army. 

Because of warm spring weather 
the boys play ball after school. 
They are practicing for a good team 
this year. They will meet all comers 
who would like a good hot match. 



Because of the muddy walk down 
to the 6th and 7th Cottages, the boys 
have b;en digging gravel to make 
clean sidewalks for the matrons and 
officers to traverse. 

The boys who bottom chairs are 
paid for their work. Two cents on 
every chair bottom goes to them. 
Those who have no money in the 
treasury can thus earn a little" 

The signing of the contract to 
build the dairy, has been noted in a 
recent issue of THE UPLIFT. Work 
has now begun. Soon butter and 
cheese will daily supplement the fare 
of the boy's menu. 

The new school room opposite Mr. 
Johi. son's is still unoccupied. Band- 
master Lawrence, when he teaches 
the whole band, uses this room, be- 
cause of the blackboards where he 
can illustrate his meaning. 

Not wanting to disappoint the 
boys, Mr. Boger opened the 7th 
cottage on Monday as it had been 
rumored. Nevertheless the spigots 
in 7th Cottage still remained to be 
placed therein. They were put in 

The boys of No. 5 are raising 
money to buy a Victrola, one of 
which all the other cottages own. 
Many donations to the school have 
been recorded, and they would ap- 
preciate any other donation toward 
the buying of this machine. 

Another fine trade which is being 
taught here is that of the barber. 
These three boys cut, and cut very 
creditably, the hair of our 200 boys 
at the school: Burtram Hart, Will- 
iam Chalk and Harry Lamb. The 
boys are proud of them. 

New ball goods are in our carrying 
apparatus to withstand the bufTlets, 
of the oncoming season. 

Macolm Holmtn, Claude Coley 
and Keenon all were made happy by 
pleasant visits fiom their parents. 
last Wednesday week. Always be- 
cause of the fact that The Uplift 
is made up on Wednesday, the no- 
tice of the boys who received visits 
from parents and reatives is a week 

Mr. R. B. Cloer is making kitchen 
tables for cottages No. 2 and 3 and 
for the new cottages No. t> and 7. 
His services at this school are in- 
valuable. In the past, when the 
school needed axe handles, they had 
to be purchased from town. Now, 
he taves that expense his chief as- 
sistance, as the assistant claims, is 
Mr. Joseph Kennon. 

There is one thing which has long 
been reglected to mention. This is 
the behavior in the school-room. Mr. 
Johnson who is endeavering to learn 
to play cornet, frequently leaves his 
room to practise on his horn. When 
he thus leaves the room unattended^ 
there is no boxing, throwing of chalk 
or other forms of rowdyism. On 
the contrary, quiet and order rules 

Usually, the new boys who arrive 
at the school, are "green," so to- 
speak, in military drilling. Because 
of this fact, Mr. Johnson, who drills 
the boys before going to school in 
the morning, and after school in the 
afternoon, has formed a new con- 
pany of boys, comprising mostly of 
new boys. They are quick to learn,, 
and soon leave the "awkward squa<;," 
but other new boys arrive to take 
their places. 


Saturbay and Sunday! Thest 1 the rapid growth of this School. Its 
•days will remain fresh in the hearts fame is being spread not only over 
of the boys. Why? Though not all North Carolina but over the 
late enough, still it is the first of * whole United States. Once our plant 
spring in weather. How the neededonly one nightwatchman; now 
cidm weather of Spring inspires we have on duty every night two 
boys to make new resolutions! Soon watchmen. If the growth of the 
time to hear the warbles of beauti- school keeps its present pace before 
ful birds which abound here! We long we will need three or more de- 
try to kill out all of the pests— pendablc nightwatchmen. The boys 
sparrows. Soon trees will be green are really interested and pleased by 
again and oh, how comfortable it is the school's growth and when they 
to be under the shade of a tree— and leave they wish it all sorts of suc- 
thiiik! To direct your thoughts sky- cess. Some, who work in the Print- 
ward! Spring is in the.boy's hearts, ing Office, predict that this will be 
blood, flesh and soul. Soon it will the most important factor in the 
be with us. Why does spring make school's life. Some predict high suc- 
your blood tingle and give you thrill cess for the sewing-room, carpenter 
over just the thought of it? building, bakery, laundry, barn and 

... . ,. . , ... all other special working forces. 
It is almost increditable to believe 

1 1 p i 

u r 

Issued Weekly— Subscription $2.00 


CONCORD, N. C, FEB. 25, 1922 

NO. 16 

Lead— Don't Drive 

The deepest pain is a parent's sorrow when the full 
fruition of his hopes is not realized in the plans and po- 
sitions selected for the child. It is said that there is a 
destiny that shapes our onds, and it could hardly be 
expected that we can change all that nature has out- 
lined. Inheritance and environment must be reckoned 
with. You too will be more patient and charitable if 
you stop and ask yourself the simple question, "Did I 
ever disappoint my parents?" 

There is great danger of wrecking a young life by en- 
deavoring to force the child into a channel and a course, 
for which nature long ago made no provisions, mentally, 
physically and in taste. Lead— don't drive, whatever 
you do. 



~."~' ~:""" 


Between the South and Washington and New York 

N orthbound 

SCrfF.DlilS BEGINNING ALGl<ST 11, 1921 


No. 35 

No. 135 

No. 31 

No. 30 



Terrain:)! St*ti~.-. (Cent. Time' ir 

Hti. 29 

No. 37 

No. 137 

Ha, 35 


12.30 noon 


5 50PM 

1.50 PM 


1 2.40 PM 



Peachlree Station (Cent. Time; \i 

10 55AM 

5.30 PA 1 




5.50 PM 



GREENVILLE, S.C. (East. Time) Iv 



1.00 PM 



6.53 PM 

IC 40 PM 




1.00 PM 




8-05 PM 

9.05 PM 




3. ISAM 

10.40 AM 

9.30 AM 




10.20 PM 




2 05AM 




1.05 PM 

12 29PM 




Hj B h Point. N. C. K 




6.27 PM 



11. 4 1PM 

3.44 AM 








00 AM 




Win-tcn-Salem, N. C. Iv 

7.00 PM 



1.05* H 

5.35 PM 


4. on AM 


nr Raleigh, N. C. 



8.52 AM 

2.56PM 1 12.06AM 

1 00 AM 

5.04 AM 




6 1CA.M 


4 15PM 

\ ' ! 

1.40 PM 


Norfolk, V s . Iv 


S 30PM 

6.30 PM 


9.35 PM 

7.! JAM 

7.10 AM 


Richmond, V«. 1. 

3.15 PM 

1 1.00PM 

11. 00 PM 

5.17 PM 

2.1b AM 


7.03 AM 



9.00 PM 

4. ISAM 

3.05 AM 

2 25PM 

If. 00PM 



12 35 PM 



3.30 PM 

10.55 PM 

9. J PM 




1 0.03 AM 



BALTMORE. MO.. Pcnn>. Sya, I* 



8.12 PM 

6.05 AM 


11.13 AM 





11.33 AM 

7.14 PM 




11.24 AM 







5.35 PM 


6.45 AM 



6.10 PM 


NEW YORK. Pcnna. Sj.tem 1* 



3.35 PM 



No. 37 and 33. NEW YORK & NEW ORLEANS 


ana. Montj 

n«r». Allar 



and No* Y«L_ SlMplai car nc.thbound b 

t* and RicV 

mgni D. 

TU1| ear. 

C1ubc = r. rjr. No coach.*. 

Not. 137 & iVL ATLANTA SPECIAL. Drawing mom ahnpinf car. Ut-*cn Macon, Cotumbu*. Atlanta, Within; ton and Nr* York. 
W»jhiniten-*Jii Franeiaco tourial j'jfp.nj car a/t<jt Abound. D.ninj nr. Ccathe*. 

No.. 29 £ 30. 0I51MINCHA.M SPECIAL Dra»inr room *U.-pin* tar. b«»««n Birmingham. Atlanta, WaahmTton and N*- Y.^rk. 
San Fr«rni-eo-Wi;Singlo7i louriil il««pin| car northbound. Sloping ur batwesn Rich..n/id and Atlanta to nth bound. Observation -a* 
Dinlnj tar. Ccochea. 

Noa. 35 4 j$. NEW YORK. WASHINGTON, ATLANTA & NEW ORLEANS EXPRESS. Eh-a-i'nf ro~m «l«pinj can Utiu Nan 
na. Monljcmt^, Birmingham, Atlanta and Washington and Nsw York. Pining car. Coach**. 
Nit*. Nc». 20 and JO ui= Pcac!iK« 5tnal Stiffen on! T at Atlanta. 

N o(0! Train No. US conn cell at W.,h,r-iton with "COLONIAL EXPRESS," thrt^jh t/ein to Cotton via Hell Cata Bridr* ReuU, 
<f Wuhlniton S.1S A. M. via Ptnna. Svatam. 

■ ■- lW--^-^-T-^~ '•-- • ' ■-■■ T- r-ys r -=.-. ' - J- ..^- J. '.'Jgru- -"-T-I.J -"=»^.. ,—■ -i -' ' '- - V ■ ■ »"■" -"" -■ 


The Double Tracked Trunh Una D^tw^n Atlanta, Ca. and Washington, D. C- 

Tho Uplift 



The Authority of the Stonewall Jackson Manual Training and Industrial 

School. Type-setting by the Boy's Printing Class. Subscripton 

Two Dollars the year in Advance. 

JA^IES P. COOK, Editor, J. C. FISHER, Director Printing Department 

Entered as second-class matter Dee. -1, 1920, at the Post Office at Concord, 
X. C. under Act of March 3, 1879. 


That a people may reap the greatest benefits of a growing civilization 
there are three outstanding fields of endeavor into which they must throw 
their greatest effort and with a consent concern. These agencies are, in 
the order of their effect upon the welfare and happiness of any people, 
religious training, care of the public health and the education of the masses. 

In our own state less than fifty per cent of the population is churched, 
and less than fifty-five per cent is making any effortjto get into touch with 
anv kind of religious training; but even with this condition there is an in- 
spiring awakening to the necessity of larger efforts towards a more gener- 
al religious training of the people. This is encouraging. 

In the cause of the education of the masses, speaking entirely of the ru- 
ral section, the condition is no better than that of twenty years ago, ex. 
cepting a few spots in a few counties. This situation confronts the state 
even after an enormous enlargement of the school fund. There seems no 
necessity for going far for a reason. The overhead has been scrambled 
with too many expert doctors, each having a spool of red tape to unwind in 
the diverting of the funds towards handsome salaries and the confusing 
and the confounding of the men and women down in the sticks. This situa- 
tion was clearly recognized by the recent General Assembly, which very 
wisely appointed a commission to diagnose the malady that afflicts the 
operations of the schools and to suggest a remedy. Let it be hoped that 
that commission, whatever it may do, will discover as the people, who bear 
the burdens, have already discovered that one remedy is to wipe out the au- 
tocratic centralization that has practically paralyzed all local initiative, effort 
and local enthusiasm. The centralization has gone so far that a prominent 


gentlman, the chairman of the Board of a very important City Graded 
School, observes that, "the only thing left to our discretion and wisdom 
is the selection of the negro janitor of the school building." 

The state, however, may well feel proud over what has been accomplished 
along health lines. Recent published statistics war; ant a feeling of enthusi- 
asm and hopes for larger results in the near future. Having no other 
close competitor North Carolina in 1921 had to be satisfied in simply run- 
ning against and beating its own record of 1920. The total birth registra- 
tion for the past year in North Carolina reached the handsome figure of 
89,623, the largest birth rate of all the states in the union, against which 
was a total death number of 2^,96-1, which is lowering th? death rate in 
North Carolina over the year 1920. 

The net increase in the total population of the state for the past year, 
that is the excess of births over deaths, is 59,059, or a rate of increase of 
2.3 per cent. If these proportions continue, the population of North Caro- 
lina at the next decennial census will have passed far beyond the three 
•miilion mark. 

The foregoing showing does not just happen so. It is the direct answer 
to a sound and sane organization of the Health Department of the State, 
that takes the general public into its confidence, that treats the public as j . 
a part of the game, wins its respect, its interest and its sympathetic co- 
operation. Dr. Rankin is a genius, a leader and above all is not stuck up I [j 
and does not consider himself as possessed of infallible powers. 

The great work of health activity should go hand-in-hand with the busi- j 
ness of education. It would be tp the advantage and glory of the the child- 
ren of the public schools if the controlling powers would extend a 'naif- : 
way welcome and sympathetic support to health activities. The death of 
ten thousand children under the the age of one year in North Carolina 
is inexcusable; the defective physical condition of many now in the schools 
is the result of criminal unconcern, and the sin of it all will lie at the 
doors of all who make no effort to remedy or prevent the annual recur- 
rence of such handicaps and suffering. 

But the light is breaking around us. May old grannyism and old conceit j 
supinely satisfied with a fat salary and ease and comfort, catch a glimpse of 
this light of hope, a sane, serious interest in advantages for childhood. 


Coming out from the office of Mr. Henry W. Miller, Vice President of the 




Southern Railway, in charge of operation, is a very interesting announce- 
ment. During the year 1921, the Southern Railway System operated 
179,835 passenger trains, many ot them being through trains, operated in 
connection with other lines and covering distances of from 1,000 to 1,500 
miles. ( 

Of this large number of trains 172,182, or mjre than 05 per cent, ran on 
schedule or made up time while on the Southern tracks; and 166,277, or 
more than 92 per cent, reached final terminal on time. 

This is a proud record in railrnaJing. It speaks volumes not only for the 
Southern's maintenance of its trackage and rolling equipment, but for the 
genius of the management and the operating crews. The Southern is 
exceeded by the great Pennsylvania only in milage and number of trains; 
and the service lacks lots of surpassing that which the Southern hands out 
to its customers. The people of the South have just reasons in being proud 
of this Southern institution, and North Carolinians are, of course, very proud 
of the astute, tireless and capable Henry W. Miller, a i'ar Heel 


Prof. C. C. Wright, county suberintendent of Wilkes county, issues 
monthly a fou' - column, four page paper, under the title of "Wilkes County 
School News." The little paper is full of instructive articles that will lead 
the people to an enlarged thought, for the schools, think along health lines 
and encourage a co-operation. 

In the February number is one article in particular that is most attrac- 
tive. It indicates so much life and interest that we reproduce it: 

"Have you as a school committeeman or teacher thought seriously 
of the matter of consolidation and consequent transportation of pupils? 
If so it will be well for you to attend some monthly meeting of the 
Board of E lucation and let us talk over the situation in your commun- 
ity. Oar board contemplates putting on a campaign for consolidation 
in the spring and summer. Only a limited number can be taken care 
of each year, and it is best not to delay action in the matter. 

Consolidation, transportation, better buildings and better equipment 
are the order of the day and we can not afford to lag behind in the 
procession. Let us hear from yon if you are interested in this work." 

It would be a gay old time were it permissable to say to our good friends, 
the veteran newspaper men, Messrs Clark and Hunt, "go to it." Mr. Hunt 
took mild issue with Mr, Clark in his position as to checkmating those who 


would "nullify" the law. carrying the death penalty. Mr. Clark makes re 
ply in this issue. Both are sincere, and inasmuch as The Uplift, knowing 
the high character and powers and courageousness of each, is aware that 
neither could convert the other, it might not be well to carry the discuss- 
ion further. 

Prof. B. B. Dougherty, the head of the Appelachian Training School, 
which has done s") much for the people of the "Lost Provinces" by the 
splendid work of his institution, and destined to do vastly more, tells on 
Col. Wade Harris in this issue. Blowing Rock is the only important spot in 
all of North Carolina this writer has never had the pleasure of visiting, 
though several starts up the mountain have been made years ago, but if 
they set a day for that threatened banquet, hitch Harris up to a subject 
for a speech, this writer, with or without an invitation, intends to be on 
hand, if the trip has to be made on foot. 

The admirers of Judge B. F. Long, beneficiary of the confidences and 
the honors of a sovereign people for twenty years, regret exceedingly that \ 
he has gone about ihe small business of getting out from under the oper- 
ation of the income law. The People abhor the idea of privileged classes. 
Here's hoping that Revenue Commissioner Watts will defeat and route :' 
his fellow townsman in this cause before the Supreme Court of North Caro- 


Up to date seven theaters in Washington have been ordered by the author- ; 
ities closed because of faulty construction. This order grows out of a 
detailed examination occasioned by the frightful accident at the Knicker- [ 
bocker. A wag will say, "Locked the door after the horse is stolen." j 
Not so; it is wisdom. It shows an interested concern on the part of the 
officials, who have the nerve and the courage to do their duty. 

The State Board of Education has finally made the adoption of textbooks 
for the public schools for the next five years. It reveals a clean sweep. 
The announcement is accompained by a defensive statement by the State 
Superintendent that the cost upon the people will be negligible. If this 
prophecy proves true, it will also prove to be a miracle. 


It was not to be expected that Governor Morrison would lightly pass 


over the declination of the Canadian authorities to surrender Matthew Bul- 
lock, in order to bring: him back to North Carolina to answer a criminal 
charge. The Governor doesn't turn loose so easily. He has put the mat- 
ter up to the officials, good and strong, at Washington. 

Irrespective of one's political leanings or views, there is a choice pleas- 
ure for him in the reading of the most splendid article, "The Man They 
Cannot Forget," taken from Collier's and appearing in this number of The 


& A fox, wandering about in search of something to eat, came to % 

£ a vine that trailed out upon the branches of a tree and bore rich % 

* clusters of luscious grapes. In his eagerness, he jumped up to bite 1> 

* off the bunches of grapes, but failed to reach them. He began to »> 
£ jump and jump again, but all in vain, for he could not reach the % 
>•. delicious prize. After all his greatest efforts had failed, he walked >:• 

* away and said, "Those grapes are sour, I would not eat them, even •:• 
| if I had them." % 


•:• ♦> 

•:» »> 
a ♦>*>•>-;*-> •>♦> -X* -t**!* *t* *£' *t> ****' £ *i~£ *!**!**t* •!• \* *t**t* ■& *I 4 *I* •!• I* * *!* *!* * *t* *»* *** * \ y *s *t* *t* »!• 'I* »?• *l* *v* *«* ****t**** •> 





' '■ - 

' ■ 












._. . 

Stanfield, N. C. 



Over in Western Stanly, near the little village of Stanfield on what he 
loves to call "Lick Skillet Farm" dwells in total seclusion one of the 
Old North State's sweetest singers, Arch Honeycutt. This "mysterious 
poet" of the backwoods is a writer who is not only getting out some fine 
poetry which will live, but he is a poet in the true sense in that he 
writes for the very love'cf writing. He loves nature and the finer things 

of life, but hates shams with all his 
soul and almost frantically avoids 
publicity or any effort to get him 
out from his native lair. He was 
once a teacher and a minister, but 
on account of his delicate makeup, 
both from a standpoint of body, soul 
and sensibilities he seems to havi 
made up his mind that he has seen 
enough of the world and to have re- 
tired to the life of an absolute re- 
cluse to the extent that many who 
live within a mile or two of him 
have not seen him in years. He is 
not >et an old man, either---just a 
little over forty, but dame fortune 
lias apparently dealt him many hard 
Wows, for all the troubles which 
have ever come th? way of a pcet 
have already passed over hiir. crush- 
ln £ out all egotism, self-pride and 
worldly ambitions. With his delic- 
ate sensitiveness, the repeated 

crushings and humiliation.! have ap- 
parently made him sing the sweeter. 
He writes without eff :rt, frequently 
slinging off a number of his best 
productions within a few hours. 
After he has written his best he is 
already paid, he gets his pay out of 
the writing itself, and generally cares 
little whether his poems are ever 
published or even read by any one 
else. He doesn't write for money, 
he doesn't write for glory but simply 
becaus" he loves to wiite. It makes 
very little difference with him whet- 
her others admire his productions or 
not. Upon reading the news of the 
signing of the armistice his heart 
went out to the Gold Star Mother 
whose boy lay buried in Flander's 
fields and within ten minutes he 
dashed off the following heart senti- 
ment, entitled "A Mother's Heart:" 

"He sleeps beneath the shell-torn fields 

Some where in France, 
What though the awful war god yields 

His bloody lance 
To smiling peace, to my sad heart 
There is no peace, the burning dart 
Still pierces through with fiery sting. 
No time, nor age, nor peace can bring 
My hope back from the lonely grave 
On shell-torn field where poppies wave 
Some where in France. 

Time may deface the rugged scar3 


And years advance 

Eliminating all that mars, 

Age may enhance 

And sanctify my awful grief; 

Bat only death can bring relief: 

What though in pride I r?alize 

The glory of the sacrifice; 

He was my all-— who went to brave 

The shell, the gas, and find a grave 

Some where in France. 

Who would repay a mother's loss , 
With empty praise? 

That but reflects a moulded cross 

There in the haze 

Of mental vision where he lies 

Asleep beneath the foriegn skies, 
On fields where I can never go 
And teach the golden-rod to grow 
O'er his lone conch, his humble grave, 
On shell-torn field where popp ; es wave, 
Somewhere in Fiance. 

Oh offer not a mock relief 

Leave all alone; 
Mock not a mother's bitter grief 

A bleaching bone 
i\l ay quicker take on life again 
Than praise relieve the racking pain 
That must be mine; . I gave him up, 
Mock not the near too bitter cup 
Of one who wavered not, but gave 
Her only child to find a grave 
Somewhere in France. 

But his writings are not all confin- will see from his "Down South" 
ed to gloom. He writes at times iike which portrays the secret soul of 
the love-sick swain as our readers the love mad vouth as follows: 

Down South 

Down South where the bluebird is singing 
His love to the blossoms of Spring, 
My heart sends a love-message winging 
Away where the dream---carols ring, 
Where silvery moonbeams are stealing 
A kiss from the gold of her hair 
While here in my heart throbs a feeling 



Of tenderness but to be there. 

She's waiting I know 

Where wild roses grow 

Profuse by the meadow land fair, 

And dreaming of me 

While I long be 

The moon light that's kissing her hair 

Oh heaven of bliss 

Summed up in such kiss, 

'Twere heaven to only be there. 

Down South where the Rocky is flowing 

And flooding the night with it's rune, 

Down South where the peach bloom is blowing 

She waits in the light of the moon, 

Oh had I the wings of a swallow 

To soar on the dew-laden air 

The flight of my vision I'd follow 

.Twere heaven to only be there. 

Mr. Huneycutt can also portray 
the real sonthorn negro as vividly 
as could Joel Chandler Harris or John 
Charles McNeil, and many of his 
productions show almost perfect 
negro dialect. 

This strange personage who re- 
fuses to touch elbows with the great 
outside world was born in Stanly 
County in September, 1S81. From 
his early boyhood he showed traits of 
character unlike other boys with 
whom he associated. The flight of 
the birds, the fleecy clouds as they 
float overhead, the thunder storm 
and all nature with its myriads of 
wonders and attractions were his 
daily sources of attention and inter- 
est. This trait of character has re- 
mained with him until this day, hence 
his reputation as "The nature poet." 

He is a son of Mr. and Mrs. E. M. 
Huneycutt, of Stanfield Route l.and 
coKes from a family of people phys- 
ically and mentally sound and strong. 
He is the second of a family of sev- 

en brothers, one of these being an 
attorney and newspaper man of Al- 
bemarle, two others being promising 
young Presbyterian preachers, one a 
minister of the Missionary Baptist 
denomination while the others are 
teachers and farmers. He is posses- 
sed of an extraordinarily keen mind 
and is possibly one of the best read 
men in his section of the state. He 
can quote from memory page af- 
ter page from Shakespear, rJyron, 
Burns, Longfellow and other mas- 
ters. Burns being his favorite. He 
thinks James Whitcomb Riley de- 
cidedly the greatest of America's po- 
ets. He believes that any one can do 
whatever he believes he can do and 
wants to do. 

Will Mr. Huneycutt be able to 
keep himself perminently secluded 
from the reach of the outside world, 
and can he continue to turn out such 
excellent productions and still avoid 
publicity? I'o The uplift that seems 
an impossibility. 




I have "hunch" that the editor of The Uplift does not eare to have a joint 
discussion staged in the pages of this publication, which can be devoted to a 
more useful purpose. But I am tempted to risk a few observations on the article 
of my good friend, Mr. C. W. Hunt, appearing in the issue of the 11th. in which 
I was given a few gentle 1 taps on the wrist, notwithstanding it was stated at 
the outset that there was no such purpose. 

Mr. Hunt cannot see any ''assault" mutation, simply by pressure of force 
on the Governor in the efforts made of numbers. If that doesn't constitute 
to save the life of Harris, the Ridge- assault then I confess inability to rec- 
crest murderer. I am filing now an ognize the meaning of the word. I 
objection to Mr. Hunt as referee in have said that with a weaker man 
ease I should lie attacked. I am afraid the pressure — the assault — would have 
he would allow me to be killed before succeeded. Not so long ago a Gov- 
he could he convinced that an assault ernor refused to commute a death 
was really being committed. Gov. sentence and later yielded. In an- 
Morrison's motives were impugned, nouncing the commutation he distinct- 
He was charged with allowing a man ly stated that he had not changed his 
to go to his death for personal gain, mind but that lie was forced to yield 
Moreover he was bombarded witli let- to pressure because he was allowed 
ters, telegrams and petitions from no peace day or night. Maybe that 
numerous people who had no actual isn't assault, but I call it that. In 
knowledge of the facts in the case — the case of Governor Morrison the de- 
not all of them at least; but who were terniined assault provoked more de- 
induced to appeal to the Governor eith- terniined resistance and failed, 
er by lodge brethren of the condemned [ do not recall that I applied the 
man, who desired to save him solely word ''mob" to those who were so j 
because he was a member of their persistent in their determination to 
lodge; or by those personally inter- force the Governor to yield to their 
ested, friends, kindred and attorneys will. But I don't mind saying here 
(these are excused so long as they that the desperate. attempt to force the 
keep within reasonable grounds, for Governor was essentilly the same spir- 
their effort was natural and a duty;) it that results in overriding the law— 
and the greatest force of all was the to work one's will at all hazards. 
opposition to capital punishment, There is no essential difference in ov- 
which promoted most of the bombard- erriding the law and refusing the ac- 
ment of the Governor. The assault cused a trial, and in attempting to 
was in the personal attack on the prevent the execution of the law by ev- 
Governor, the impugning of his mo- ery means short of physical violence, 
fives, and in. the very apparent de- The spirit is the same. The Governor, 
termination to force him to yield his being a mere man, is not infallible arid 
convictions, after he had refused com- may make errors in deciding these 



cases. But his is the responsibility 
ami any attempt to force him from his 
honest judgment by undue pressure 
of any character is as reprehensible as 
would be an attempt to compel him to 
put to death one whom he had decided 
should be spared. The attitude of the 
populace is not a safe guide, for not 
infrequently the clamor of the multi- 
tude is due to sentiment, passion or 
prejudice, or is promoted by well di- 
rected propaganda. One judge al- 
lowed the populace to make the de- 
cision for him and his memory has 
been execrated for near 2,000 years. 

Mr. Hunt can see no danger in ele- 
vating to the bench one who opposes 
capital punishment so long as the law- 
is on the statute book. There would 
be no danger if the occupant of the 
bench had the proper conception of 
his duty — that it was his business to 
execute the law as be found it, regard- 
less of his personal opinion. The class 
I warned against — and I know some of 
them — are those who hold that legal 
executions are murder, that the taking 
of human life, even though the law- 
directs it, is forbidden by God. Think 
you that i man who held those views 
would allow- a conviction for first 
degree murder in his court if lie could 
help it ? And any well informed lawyer 
will tell you that the presiding judge 
can have cases go pretty much as he 
wills if he is amind — not in every 
case but in most. One who felt that 

way about capital punishment would 
feel that he was called of God to pre- 
vent executions — put on the bench 
for that purpose; and if hard headed 
jury went against him the judge's re- 
quest to the Governor for commuta- 
tion would have great weight. Mr. 
Hunt may not know such folks, may 
not believe it possible for what I have 
described to come to pass. I know 
such folks and 1 not only believe it 
possible but probable. 

If the opponents of capital pun- 
ishment can muster the strength in tho 
Legislature to repeal the law, so be it. 
I have nO quarrel with them for op- 
posing the death penalty, notwith- 
standing I do not agree with them. 
My objection and my protest is 
against that holier-than-thou spirit 
which proclaims itself the mouth- 
piece of God and brands all as 
murderers who do not accept the spe- 
cial revelation they claim to have of 
the will of the Almighty; and I have 
no more patience with that spirit 
which would nullify the law while it is 
yet on the statute books than I have 
for the mob which seizes and kills 
the helpless victim without giving 
him an opportunity to be heard. The 
spirit is the same. One is as lawless 
;vs the other. The former is more 
dangerous because it proceeds in the 
open and claims to be directed by the 
Most High. 

'He's lost all his money, but he's just as good as ever!" was said of a 
man whose riches were in God. Another nia,n in the same town, losing 
his fortune, killed himself, for he had nothing but his money. Who wants 
to be as poor as that? — Young People. 


There's Place In Life For The Anecdote. 

THE COLONEL LIKED MUTTON: A story is told of a certain colonel 
in the Federal army in the GO's, who had in one of the companies of his regi- 
ment one Silas Green, who early in the days of camp life developed a fond- 
ness for foraging. Either by stealth or connivance he had little trouble getting 
through the lines, and bringing in something fresh from the Michigan farms. 
Ilis ease had been before the colonel several times, but he was a diplomat and 

Silas had a way of worming out with "What have you got there now, 

little punishment. One day it was Green?" said the colonel advanc- 

reportcd that Silas was absent without ing;" been killing some ones sheep 

leave, and the colonel laid for him, again, eh.' 'Well, I'll just take it, 

knowing pretty well which direc- and you can go to the guardhouse 

tion Silas would come in. lie was again for your trouble." "Colonel," 

soon rewarded, for Green heaved in said Green, please do not take this; 

sight with a nice quarter of mutton 1 jest felt like I wanted a little fresh 

stowed away in his haversack. meat, let me have it for the mess?" 

•'What have you in that sa^k, "None of your talk, move on, I 

Green?" said 'the colonel. "Nothing will teach you that you must stay 

much, just some fruit I picked up," in the camp," the colonel said, 

saiil Green. Green moved on to his mess and 

"Let me see," said the colonel, and reported that the colonel had taken 

opening the haversack pulled out the his meat again. When his time was 

mutton, and sent Green cm to his out, in prison, Green sauntered up 

captain for punishment in the guard- toward the colonel's tent, wearing a 

house. broad grin, and was greeted with: 

Green said he would not have mind- "What are you looking for now Si- 
ed the loss of the mutton so much, had las?" "Well nothing in perticler, 
he not known the colonel would eat colonel," said Silas, "I wus just a go- 
it himself. However lie took his ing to ask how you enjoyed that dog 
punishment good naturedly, and meat you took away from me last 
waited some days after being freed week?" 

before going out again. The next Grabbing a rifle with bayonet fixed, 

time he went he did not seek for the colonel made a drive for Silas, 

sheep, but rather for a dog, which who was making tracks toward his 

he found, a good fat one, killed and tent, roaring with laughter, 

'dressed it, put a nice hind quarter It was said that Silas killed all the 

in his haversack, and walked into sheep he wanted ijfter that and was 

camp, going right by the colonel's never punished or robbed by his col- 

tent, on purpose. onel.— C. W. If. 

"It takes both grace and grit to get along pleasantly with who 'never 
make mistakes.' " 



By B. B. Dougherty 

We Lave read with rmicli pleasure your comments as to Watauga building a 
monument to Wade Harris, the distinguished editor of the Charlotte Observer. 
That very thing has been discussed here, but our people are more interested 
just now about the health, happiness and long life of Mr. Harris. However, 
the monument will be built in due time. On it will be these words: 

'Wade Harris. 


"The Friend of the Mountaineers" 

His memory will rnrry the everlasting gratitude 

of a thoughtful and appreciative people. 

We may have been derelict in ex- surpassed. On the left is the modern 
pressing our appreciation of our dis- church, with beauties all around, built 
tinguished friend. Doubtless we have for the town in memory of his he- 
talked it more among ourselves, how- loved wife, by Mr. W. W. String- 
ever, than the public generally know, fellow of Anderson, Alabama. On tho 
but Mr. Harris is fully conscious of opposite side of the street, is the road, 
the fact that he is held in high esteem at right angles, with 30 per cent grade 
by the Wataugans. leading far down into the Globe 

Suppose yon are at Blowing Hock, Valley, from whence came so many 
sight-seeing. Likely you would have distinguished men. The automobile 
this experience: You are coming in- is stopped. The guide says: ''Do 
to town on the Yonnolossee; you are you see that cottage .' Wade Harris 
opposite the Cone Estate, the finest, lives there. See the table in tho 
except one, in all of North Carolina, front room, many of his brilliant 

the mansion, the lake, the or- editorials have been written on 

chords, the roads, the lawns, and the that table. Especially is he gifted in 
ornamental trees*"**. This is the description when writing at that very 
home of Dr. Vance, the great preach- table the stories about Blowing Rock, 
er, of national reputation. That is her traditions, and her futher develop- 
■Juilge Cage's place, the former chief ments. Tile people here love that 
justice of South Carolina. Here is man. He is a Str,te and Nation- 
the studio of Dangertiehl, the great al figure We till feel better and safer 
Xew York artist. Now you detour by when he is around." 
Holt's, — "A thing of beauty and joy Had you been in Boone, last sum- 

forever". On the way through town, mer, you would have seen on the bul- 
J'On observe the old Baptist church, letin board of the Commercial Club, 
the stores, the local bank, the garage, this notice: "Big Banquet next Wed- 
fom Coffey's Hotel, and now you nesday Night, in Honor of Governor 
pass the entrance to Mayview Park, Morrison and Hon. Harris", 
with her many elegant cottages, her The men are all talking; the house- 
beiuitifully graded roads through zig- wives are all astir, and the child- 
zag windings of mountain scenery un- ren on the streets are saying did you. 



loiow Governor Morrison and Mr. 
Harris are coming to Booine? One boy 
says: "My Papa, thinks a lot of Mr. 
Harris because he writes so many 
good things about Watauga". Anoth- 
er: ".Mine does too, and he wants me 
to make a big editor like him." But 
think of the keen disappointment, 
when a telegram reads: "Can't 
come. Letter follows." Though some- 
what, depressed, but accepting the 
fates, the managers announce that 
the meeting is postpone until LO'22, 

when bigger preparations will ha 

The toast master had already given 
the local paper his speeches of iutro- 
duction. Here they are: 1 "Ladies 
and Gentlemen I take pleasure in 
presenting our distinguished and pro- 
gressive Governor Morrison " " * 
And it affords me genuine pleasure 
td introduce to you the man that made 
Camei'on Morrison Governor of our 
great stale, — Wade Harris. 

The hoy as he is today will be the young man of the next decade; the 
young man of the present will be the mature man of the next decade. 
There are none other to make the young men and the mature men of than 
the boys with us now. That being true in every sense, the future 
citizenship of this world depends upon what kind of boys we are raising 
now. That is a fact that even a small boy can see and understand, and 
every boy wants to be a man, and if he is a good citizen, when a man, he 
needs to be a boy with an aim in life. — C. W. H. 


By. C. W. Hunt 
The announcement , in the daily papers that Judge Oliver II. Allen would re- 
tire at the end of his present term, made me think reminiseently. I had known 
the man in general as a judge, for some years hut I think it was in the winter 
of 1905 that I met him at Albemarle, where he was holding court. I was for 
a few weeks, looking after the interest, of the Charlotte Observer, and we and 
several others, brought there on business, were around a family like fire at the 
hotel. At this time there was a small amount of feeling existing between the ul- 
tras, following Josephus Daniels and enough to interest the listeners. Some 
the News and Observer at Raleigh, of these were surprised at the extreme 
and The Charlotte Observer, under view the Judge expressed that r.ight, 

the late J. P. Caldwe 

I never knew why, but for some 
reason, Judge Allen tackled the Char- 
lotte Observer's policy in politics. 

and I must confess that I was a little 
nettled. When the argument ended, 
the Judge, all the while enjoying his 
faithful pipe, turned the conversation 

knowing I represented it there, and I to other things, showing a much finer 

naturally had to defend it, which I did spirit than many of us had thought 

with no appologies; and for quite was in him. I met him the next night 

awhile, that night, we had it warm at the same place, and at one or more 



other courts, and easily learned to 
love tlio man. He was liberal in all 
liis dealings with offenders against 
the law, and companionable. 

He told me this incident that came 
into his court at Greensboro, perhaps 
the year before. The officers, at Greens- 
boro, had a way of pulling every fel- 
low they found heating the railroads 
out of a ride, and quite a number had 
been placed on the roads, as 'convicts, 
for no worse offense than heating a 
ride. They were brought before the 
Judge, to be tried for beating a train, 
a young man, a pure Irishman, who 
had been in jail some days. When 
the case was called, Judge Allen ask- 

ed what he was being tried for, and 
being told for beating a ride, ordered 
that he be turned loose, aaid gave 
the authorities a sound lecture for 
treating decent men in such a manner. 
TJie young Irishman was delighted of 
course, and made it convenient to 
reach the Judge and thank him; which 
Judge Allen received cordially, when 
the young man remarked: 

"Ycr honor, r.nd whin I saw yer 
face, I said he will send me to the 
gang, but yer didn't, and I thank yer 

MORAL: A soft and tender heart 
may he hiding behind a stern face. 
You cannot always tell. 

Scientist, glancing toward the sky — Meteorological observations, I infer 
from those aggregations of eumulus, betoken precipitation! 

"Does you mean, boss, it's going to rain?" — Farm and Home. 


George Graham Vest, who was born in Kentucky December 20, 1S30, and 
died August 9, 1904, was once a United States Senator, representing the state of 
Missouri. No more eloquent orator ever occupied a seat in that distinguished 

His eulogy on the dog, one of the finest classics in our literature, is recalled 
by another contribution on the traits and loyalty of the dog, recently appearing 

in the One-Minute Column of the faith. The money that a man may 

Charlotte Observer. We here repro- 
duce it, because of its fine understand- 
ing of that devoted animal which man 
is pruned to think his very-most loyal 

"The best friend a main may have 
in the world is a dog. The world 
may turn against him and become 
his enemy, the son or daughter that 
he has raised with all loving who are 
nearest and dearest, those whom we 
trust our good name and happiness 
with, may become traitors to their 

have, he may lose, it flys a^vay from. 
him when he needs it most. A man's 
reputation may be sacrificed in a mo- 
ment by ill-considered action — the peo- 
ple who are prone to fall on their 
knees, to do honor be the first to throw 
the stone of malice when failure set- 
tles its clouds on our heads. The one 
absolutely unselfish friend that man 
can have in this selfish world — the one 
that never proves ungrateful or 
treacherous is his dog. A man's dog 
stands by him in prosperity and in 


poverty, in health and in sickness. He east in the world the dog asks no 

will sleep on the cold ground when higher privilege thtiu that of accoiu- 

the wintery winds blow and the snow pauying him to guard him against 

drives fiercely in his face — if only he danger, and if need he light against 

can be by his master's side. He will his enemies, and when the last call 

liek the wounds the master may have comes and death takes the master in 

encountered with the ugliness of the his embrace ajid his body is laid away 

world. He guards the sleep of his in the cold ground, no matter it' all 

master as if he were a king, or even a the friends pass carelessly by on their 

pauper. When all oilier friends de- way there, by the master's graveside 

sort, he remains. When riches take the noble dog will be found, his head 

wines and tly or reputation falls, the between his paws, eyes sad, but open 

dog is as constant in his love as the in alert watchfulness, faithful and 

sun in its journey through the heavens. true even unto death." 
If fortune drives the master an out- 

"You can't tell 'bout a display of authority," said Uncle Ebcn. "Many 
a man thinks he's doin' a fine job o'mule drivin' v/hen de mule is jes' 
hurry in' to get homo on his own account." 

Unmentioned In Law But Mighty Wise. 

The spirit of the age is to give every child the opportunity and the priv- 
ilege of an education. All will not take it, to the same degree but that 
excuses no power for not making available the opportunity, Some woods 
will take a polish, others will rot; so it is with some children. 

There have arisen in a number ing outside of the limits of a specially 
cases difficulties in providing for chartered school but attending school 
suitable advantages to some child- within the district for a period of 
ren peculiarly located. This trouble six months in each school term, and 
has been a live on? for twenty-five for the remainder of term, the par- 
years. And now Supt. Brooks, of ent of such children shall pay tuition 
the Educational Department, with- on the same basis, 
out the specific warrant of law. but Such is the rule announced by the 

with the consciousness of unlimited State Board of Education yesterday, 
power vested in his department, ris- bringing to an end a source of tric- 
es to thr> demand of the occasion tion that has existed between city 
and makes a very wise and sensible school authorities and county school 
solution of a trouble that has been authorities for years past. The mat- 
very perplexing Dr. Brooks deliv- ter has been discussed privately with 
eis himself as follows: the State Superintendent, brought 

tuition calculated on a basis of per on to the floor in assemblies of teach- 
capitacostof instruction shall be ers and school authorities, and has 
paid by the county for children liv- given rise at times to serious disa- 

i f 




In almost every county in the State 
there are one or more specially char- 
tered schools, having eight or nine 
months school term, with the terri- 
tory of their districts fixed by law. 
On the fringe of such districts are 
families with children who live too 
far from country schools to attend 
them. City schools have contended 
that they ought to pay tuition when 
Ihey attend the city school. 

Under the regulation established, 
the county will pay to the city school 
tuition charges for the constitutional 
six months term. For the remaind- 
er of the term the parents of such 
children will pay tuition in like 
amount into the treasury of the spec- 
ially chartered school. The text of 
the regulations issued yesterday fol- 

"1. That the county board of edu- 
cation and the boards of trustees of 
the special chartered schools should 
co-operate in providing a six months 
school term for all the children, as 
required by the Constitution. 

"2. That the boards of trustees of 
the special chartered schools should 
admit pupils living outside the bound- 
aries of their districts only upon 
written order from the county board 
of education. 

"3. That the county boards of 
education should give an order for 
the admission to the city schools of 
children from rural territory only in 
cases where the children affected 
live nearer a school within the city 
district than any school outside the 
city district offering instrution in 
the required grade, or where, on ac- 
count of the location of roads or 
natural barriers, it is clear that the 
conveniences of such children would 
be served thereby. 

"4. That the parents of children 
who are admitted to the city schools, 
as provided in the foregoing rec- 
ommendations, no tuition charge 
shall be made by the city school 
-board for six months school term 
but that the county board of edu- 
cation shall pay to the board of 
trustees of the special chartered 
school tuition for such children for 
the six months term. The amount 
of such tuiiion shall be determined 
in the following manner: The per 
capita of maintaining the city 
schools for the previous year shall 
be ascertained by dividing the sum 
of the amount spent for salaries and 
all operating expenses and the pro- 
ceeds from bond taxes for building 
and equipment, by the average 
daily attendance of pupds as shown 
on the official reports of the treas- 
urer and superintendent of the spe- 
cial charted school. On the basis of 
this per capita cost for the year 
shall be determined the per capita 
for the six months school term. 
From the six months per capita cost 
thus derived, shall be subtracted 
the per capita county apportioment 
for teachers' salaries, building and 
incidentals. The remainder shall be 
the tuition charge which the county 
board of education shall be required 
to pay to the city school on or be- 
fore March 1st of the current year. 
This per capita may be calculated 
for the elementary and high school 
departments separately. 

"5. That the boards of trustees of 
the special chartered schools shall 
charge the parents of children ad- 
mitted to the city schools, upon or- 
der of the couuty board of educa- 
tion, tuition for the time such chil- 
dren attend beyond the constitu- 
tional six months term. Such tuition 



shall be payable in advance. The 
amount of such tuition per month 
L uuldbe appoximately the month- 
1 / per capita cost of maintaining the 
city schools. Provided nothing- in 
this section shall prevent compli- 
ance with Section 5177 of the School 


"(5. That children admitted to the 
city schools frcm rural territory 
shall be subject to the same rules 
and regulations which govern chil- 
dren living within the special char- 
tered district. "---News & Observer. 

"There is a story in this paper of a woman that used a telephone for 
the first time in eighty-three years." She must be on a party line." 


By Morrison Caldwell, in Presbyterian Standard 
This article has been suggested by attendance upon funeral services in 
recent years, and by the fact that the sermons whicli most deeply affected 
my life were the old-fashioned funeral sermons of my boyhood. J am 
profoundly convinced that our ministers are missing a golden opportnity 
and making a fatal mistake when they so universally use the regulation 

furneal service which is practically Far be it from me to urge a re- 

the same for an infant or an elder turn to the tedious biographie=, the 

in Israel, for a saint or a criminal. 
We see the coffin and hear never a 
word to tell us as to age, sex, identity 
or character of the deceased. This 
may be "good form" in some con- 
gregations, but I am persuaded that 
there is a better way, because I have 
seen it tried by one of our Presby- 
terian ministers. He was called 
from camp to the grave of one of 
his elders. The man was only a car- 
penter, but he builded better than 
he knew in the lives of hundreds 
of his fellows who stood about his 
grave while the minister talked to 
them about "Uncle Jimmie." I saw 
strong men weep who were not 
church-goers. His message called 
upon them to be ready to meet death, 
even should it come suddenly, it 
was the best sermon I have heard 
him preach in that he reached his 
hearers at the right moment. 

fulsome eulogies of the past. Jly 
appeal is to avoid the formal scrip- 
tural service exclusively, as at pre- 
sent, and to stress that the only 
thing that counts is our attitude 
toward God. If we believe that 
our chief end is to glorify God or to- 
tnjoy Him forever, surely we should 
not neglect to sow the seed of truth 
when we have such a favorable op- 
portunity. Men come to funerals 
who never darken church doors; why 
should they not be warned in the 
presence of death to prepare to 
meet their God?" Never will hard 
hearts be so willing to hear the 
truth, as when they are face to face 
with the reality that life is uncertain 
but death awaits them'. If thii little 
article shall cause some of our 
ministers to appreciate the respon- 
sibilty of seizing their opportunities 
I shall be gratified. 




(Christian Advocate) 

The editor of the Advocate a little while ago let the following apparant- 
ly harmless little sentences slip into an editorial: "Women do not appreciate 
humor to the same extent that men do. Frequently politeness prompts the 
female of the specie to laugh at what is really a good joke." 

A good friend of the Advocate Dr. Burton explains this fact by say- 
and of its editor seems to think that 
such an assertion should be taken 
with a grain of salt. She writes the 
editor and refers him to what Dr. 
Burton, president of the University 
of Michigan, says in a recent article 
of his about women and their sense 
of humor. Dr. Burton writes: 

"In the course of my work I have 
had to address scoies of audiences. 
Many of them were mixed audiences; 
but some were composed entirely of 
women, and some when made 
np exclusively of men. I have 
found the women are as quick in re- 
sponding to anything humorous; in 
fact, they are sometimes too quick! 
I have to be on my guard, or they 
will catch the point before I want 
them to. 

"It is perfectly true that men 
will laugh uproarousiy at some thing, 
which wont get a smile from womens 
But it is generally because the joke 
offends the woman's sense of the 
fitness of things." 

It will be noted that the learned 
president of a great university ad- 
mits the very thing the Advocate 
had asserted, namely, that women 
will not laugh at some things 
that to men are uproarousiy funny. 

ing "the joke olt'onds the woman's 
sense of the fitness of things." 

If inclined to argue the question, 
we should contend that an unexpect- 
ed jolt to the fitness of things is one 
of the prime -elements of humor and 
that the explanation nfFered by Dr. 
Bruton is really a begging of the 
question. But we are not going to 
debate the question, or contend for 
the accuracy of any statement that 
has been made upon the subject of 
woman's relative capacity for humor. 

We have at all times admitted that 
woman is more beautiful than man, 
that her intuitions are quicker and 
more accurate than man's reason, 
that she has greater intellectual capa- 
city than man, that sheis more refin- 
ed in her sensibilities, has a greater 
capacity to endure suffering and 
without bit or bridle can turn man 
whithersoever she will. And now, 
since to her has been committed the 
ballot, which ought to have been 
done long ago, and since all state 
and county officers and members of 
congress are to be elected next fall, 
we politely and as graceful as possi- 
ble withdraw any and every intima- 
tion that woman cannot appreciate a. 
joke just as much as a man does. 

A country is not made great by the number of square miles it contains,, 
but by the number of square people it contains.— Selected. 




One of the severest and most pointed analyses of the influence and mot- 
tives of the average movie genius is thus made by a Methodist minister, of 
California, where recently the public conscience of even the Californians 
has been aroused. This is the way the preacher, in a recent sermon, talk- 
ed about the matter: 

The attitude of the movie lumina- 
ries toward the marriage relation; 
their continuous "souse" in divorce 
and scandal; their quarter of a cen- 
tury of screened sex appeal, itself a 
diagnosis of the condition back of 
the film; their attitude to those of 
their number who, like "Fatty'' 
Arbuckle, have insulted and outrag- 
ed every decent sentiment of virt- 
uous idealism, their insistent demand 
that they be left unrestricted by the 
American public to practice their 
"personal liberty"doctrine in depot- 1 
ment as well as in the product of 
their art; the evident looseness that 
has sprung up among them; their 
booze parties; their cigarette-smok- 
ing beauties; their behavior as re- 
ported by scores who live neighbor 
to their studios; their refusal to 
brand such men as Arbuckle and 
kick them out; their disposition to 
pass over without criticism such a 
crime as the San Francisco crime; 
especially their willingness to defend 

the criminal with their money— ail 

has forced me against my will and 
over my protest to believe that a 
majority of the movie crovvd are of 
the same stripe as this comedian and 
that they see the necessity of saving 
his hide in order to save their own, 
The loaf of bread is censored. 
The bottle of milk is censored. The 
factory must face a commission for 
the protection of public interests. 
The bank must account to a like 
commission. We elect a board of 
education---a censor in our schools. 
The movie business stands alone to- 
day with the unbridled privilege of 
exploiting for the receipts. The 
reason is, all they threaten is charac- 
ter, idealism, manhood, womanhood, 
and here there is no cash value. 
Money has talked in the censoiship 
light. Money is talking in the Ar- 
buckle trial. Unfortnnaitely, the 
movie industry is run on strictly 
commercial basis. It has no charac- 
ter. It has only a purse. 


The Concord Tribune, noting the presence in the city of Prof. Blair, 
for more than twenty years the successful superintendent of the Wilming- 
ton Public Schools, now connected with the State Educational Department 
in the Bureau of Improvement of School Houses and Grounds, makes pub- 
lication of some very decidedly welcome news as follows: 

"Mr. J. J. Blair, of the State Ed- Tuesday here with Prof. J.B. Rob- 
ucational Department, who spent ertson making an inspection of =ever- 



a | of the county schools with the 
view of making improvements at the 
schools, left Tuesday night for Salis- 
bury. Mr. Blair specializes in school 
buildings and grounds, and is an ex- 
port in this work. Several schools 

in the county will be changed and 
improved in all probability. Prof. 
Robertson stated but no announce- 
ment relative to this work will be 
made at this time." 

"The men who have made world records have done it Toy breaking their 
own records," 


Even the youngest knows by this ti 
the same day of the month year after 
for finding when it will come: 

"Thirty days hath September," 

Ecery person can remember; 

iFjid to l(now when Easlers come, 

Puzzles even scholars some. 

When March the twenty-first is past, 
Just watch the silvery moon', 

And when you sec it full and round, 
Easter will be here soon. 

me that Easter does not come on 
year, like Christmas. Here is a rule 

After the moon has reached its full, 
Then Easier will be here, 

The very Sabbath after, 
In each and ever}; \;ear. 

And if it hap on Sabbath 
The moon should reach its 

The Sabbath following this event 
Will he the Easier bright. 


The Man They Cannot Forget 


One of the permanent, posessions of a human heart is the memory of its 
great enthusiasms. You may have come to disdain and even despise them, 
but they are never uprooted. Then you reached your highest—and you 
know it. 

When a noble ideal kindness such 
enthusiasms, that ideal becomes one 
of those things that without warn- 
ing, at rare intervals, flare up. And 
you sit in the light of the flare and 
ponder. Why did it fail? Not be- 
cause it was not beautiful— right- 
desirable. Was it because you were 
not fit for beauty, righteousness, 

Peoples are like men. They may 

lay aside their great hopes, but to 
the end there are hours when they 
sit with them and ponder. 

Perhaps that is the explanation of 
the persistent, mysterious, uncon- 
scious way in which men today 
dra.v together around Woodrow 
Wilson. It requires explanation. 
Why, in Washington for months 
now, has the sightseeing wagon 
followed his car? Why do the chat- 



tering tourists inside grow silent as 
they pass it? Ihey don't peer. They 
lift their hats and sigh, and it some- 
times takes minutes and striking 
sights to break the mood the fleet- 
ing glimpse of that drawn, long 
white face has stirred. 

Why is it that on Sundays and 
holidays men and women and child- 
ren—most of them busy through 
the week- --walk to his house and 
stand there in groups, speak to- 
gether in hushed tones as if some- 
thing solemn and ennobling moved 
in them? Curiosity? Men chatter 
anil gibe and jostle in curiosity. 
These people are silent, gentle and 
orderly. You will see their, before 
the theatre on nights when it is 
known that Mr. Wilson is within, 
quietly ua'.tingfor him to eorne out. 
There will be fifty, a hundred, even 
sometimes a thousand. 

They cheer him as he passes, and 
there are often chokes in the cheers, 
and always tenderness, Why do 
they do it? Nothing more instinc- 
tive more uplanned, goes on in 
Washington. Let it be known that 
he is in his seat in a theatre, and 
the whole house will rise in homage. 
Let his face be thrown on the 
screene and it will dray a greeting 
that the face of no other living 
American receives. And that is not 
true in Washington alone. 

Why should the vast throng that 
packed Pennsylvania avenue from 
end to end on Armistice Day have 
stood reverently, with heads bared 
in silence as the bier of the Unknown 
Soldier passed, attended by all the 
official greatness of the moment-— 
the President, his Cabinet, the Sup- 
reme Court, the House, the Senate, 
the Diplomatic Corps, Pershing, Foch 
- — why should this great crowd 

have watched in silence until, quite 
unexpectly, a carraige far down the 
line came into view? Why should 
this crowd, unconscious of what 
it was doing, have broken into a low 

Woodrow Wilson means some- 
thing to the people of the United 
States: something piofound, some- 
thing they cannot forget. People 
think of him now as the man who 
was behind the inspiration of their 
great moment.-; who stirred Ihem 
to afresh understanding of the mean- 
ing of words that had become mere 
patter of many tongues--- "demo- 
cracy," nuion." He made them re- 
alities, personal, deep---showed them 
as the reason of all that is good in 
our present, all that is hopeful in 
onr future, the working basis on 
cry of sympathy and grief: "There's 
Wilson!'' The cry flew down the 

They saw him as the man who 
had called into service the boy 
they honored, who had put the won- 
derful light in his eye, that light of 
which a great French surgeon said: 
"The American soldier is different 
from all others. I don't know what it 
is, whether it is God, the Monroe 
Doctrine, or President Wilson; but 
he, has something in his eye." Yes, 
Wilson's place was by the dead sol- 
dier, and the people knew it and 
told him so by their unconscious 
which men may strive to liberty of 
soul and peaceful achievement. He 
made them literally thiugs to die for, 
lifting all of our plain, humble thous- 
ands who never knew applause or 
wealth or the honor of office into the 
ranks of those who are willing to die 
for an ibeal— the highest plane that 
humans reach. 

People are thinking, also, of his 



woi'k in that after-war period when 
the hate, revenge and bitterness 
that war has loosed have none of the 
restraints that war compels, and we 
mnst, by reason and good will and 
patience, restore our controls---that 
terrible period we speak of as re- 
construction. There too he kindled 
enthusiasms. "Now," he said, "let 
us do what men have long dreamed 
•••give to each people its chance, cut 
clown the foolish barriers of trade, 
limit our armaments, enter into a 
union of all nations pledged to co- 
operation and peace." 

The people of the earth rallied to 
his plan, pledged themselves. And 
then the loosed passions began their 
war on him. 'I hose who wanted 
peace and believed it easy; those who 
hated peace and believed it impossi- 
ble; those who envied his place, dif- 
fered with his judgments, failed of 
his favor--these and many more 
joined in an attack such as few men 
have ever faced in the history of 
this earth. He fought to a finish, 
that he might secure the pledge of 
the nations to th>> ideal of world co- 

He \\on---won with the peoples of 
the world, if not with all of their 
governments. They look to him as 
the man who drove that ideal so deep 
into the soul of the nations that no 
man or men can ever destroy it. It 
has become an asset of tormented 
humanity, a possible way out of 
slaughter and hate. Through all the 
future mc-n will be building upon it, 
adapting, expanding, as men have 
built on Washington's wotk, on Lin- 
win's work, knowing that their ef- 
forts rest on' something essentially 
sound arid secure. 

They are simple people, remember, 

those thousands whose hearts he had 
enkindled. They are the people who 
do the work of the world, and their 
minds are easily bewildered. "Ha 
has deceived you," they were told. 
'He has given you dreams. Dreams 
are not for men. You live by real- 
ities, not ideals. Out with him! 
Down with him! As a great nation, 
you have strength, you have gold, 
keep them. Stand alone. Do not 
forget that you do not live by ideals." 

And the people withdrew--be 
wildered. But the shouting over, 
they remembered th^lr long days of 
exaltation, of sacrafice. of freedom 
and boldness, of worthwhileness. 
Was it only a deception? Was all 
they had felt a mere magic of words 
on their untrained minds, the stir of 
a fleeting passion in theii lives? 
Was there no sense, no reality, in it 

That is what thousands upon thous- 
ands have been asked in these past 
days. And slowly they are turning 
to him who led them. His suffering 
face and palsied side are a symbol 
of thei>- cripple hopes. "How is it 
with him," they ask, "a living sac- 
rifice to that faith and that vision? 
Does he still believe? Has he lost 
faith as well as strength?" 

And so they seek him. He m^ans 
something to them; they don't quite 
know what. He is a living link with 
their noblest phase. Those who de- 
stroyed that phase are giving them 
nothing in its place. What does it 
all mean? And so they follow his 
carriage, gather before his house, 
stand in rain and snow and cold be- 
fora the theatre to get even the 
most fleeting' glimpse, something 
that will bid them live again as they 
did in those great moments. 





Looking Like a Million Dollars 

By Beth Bernard 

For the last hour Miss Mason had been interviewing 1 girls who had come 
to the office to applv for an excellent stenographic position that was open. 
As girl after girl proved to be unsatisfactory for the position, the look ot 
gloom on her face deepened. I listened and watched as the girls passed in 

out lunch for weeks, to help pay 
for it, and [ doubt if it is entirely 
paid fornow. The cost of the coat ap- 
parently has been such a drain on her 
pocket book that she cannot afford 
suitable clothes to wear with it. 
Di^ you notice her dress and shoes! 
Well, I did. They were positively- 
unsuitable to wear with such a 
coat." Miss Mason banged adrawer 
in impatience. 

"And the worst of it is, there are 
hundreds of girls in town who are 
just as foolish. They try to look like 
a million dollars and end by making 
themsel ves ridiculous. Take that last 
girl for instance. If she had saved 
her money for a few months, being 
content to remain more or less shab- 
by for that length of time, she 
would have had cash to pay for her 
clothes. Then, if she had been sensi- 
ble, she would have watched from 
day to day for sales at the stores and 
would have bought her outfit a piece 
at a time, for cash. For the price of 
that coat she should have been able to 
purchase splendid shoes, good stock- 
ings and gloves, a hat, and a tailor- 
ed suit of good material, all of which 
would have given her a well-groom- 
ed appearance. As it is, she has shab- 
by shoes, no gloves, a shoddy dnss, 
and —a fur coat!" 

As we descended in the elevator, 
I thought over what my friend had 
said. It was all true. But she had 

I heard one girl respond 
question in this manner: 

"I haven't had no position 
several weeks." 

Another girl could not enunciate 
plainly because of the big piece of 
chewing gum which she had in her 

A third girl spoke clearly and 
-correctly; but, oh, her appearance! 
I was almost ashamed that I belong- 
ed to the same sex. Her hair was all 
frowzy and her hands were not 
clean. And yet she expected to handle 
expensive stationery! 

In the group of eight or ten girls 
who applied for the position, Miss 
Mason did not find one who proved 
qualified for the opening. When she 
regretfully dismissed the last appli- 
cant, she turned to me with a mourn- 
ful look. 

"What's the trouble?" I inquired. 
"Oh, gracious! Don't ask me. I'm 
utterly discouraged. 

After a little urging she unbur- 
dened her mind. "I'll tell you what," 
she said, "for you maybe a girl who 
intends to seek an office position at 
some time in the future." 

"Did you notice the last girl?" 
inquired Miss Mason as she put her 
desk in order for the night. I nod- 

"That coat must have cost close to 
one hundred and fifty dollars. I'll 
wage that she has been going with- 



not finished. 

"Girls like nice clothes," continu- 
ed Miss Mason when we reached the 
street. "I don't blame them. I like 
flouncy garments, filmy lace, and 
pretty ribbons as well as the rest of 
them. But they should remember 
that such things are not for office 
wear. Why, if I should send some 
of those girls you saw, into Mr, 
Thayer's office, he'd — he'd simply 
throw a lit! He'd ask me where 
I picked up 1 the movie queen." 

We laughed at the remark, but 
we both realized the seriousness of 
the matter. 

"Girls go to the movies and see 
the actresses dressed in the height 
of fashion; then they come out and 
on their meagre salaries try to dress 
in the same way. They do not stop 
to think how impossible it is for 
them to even approximate the ap- 
pearance of the screen stars. Yet 
they try! If only they would be 
satisfied with good clothes of a con- 
servative cut instead of an extreme 
style in a pcor material. Oh, dear! 
I'm going to shut up." 

She did remain quiet for a minute 
or two; and then she broke out 

"Just look at that foolish girl 
ahead of us." 

I obeyed. The girl had on low 
cut shoes with the highest heels I 
had ever seen, and stockings as thin 
as air, almost. And she wore a fur 
coat bundled up around her neck to 
keep out the damp chill of the win- 
ter evening. 

"She has seen a picture of some 
millionairess who was dressed in that 
manner, I suppose," said Miss Mason. 
And she has wanted to look like a 
million dollars, like the rest of 
them. She did not stop to think 

that Miss Millionairess probably 
never walked .farther than across- 
the sidewalk in such an outfit, but 
always rode around in a warm lim- 

'''Leaving the question of clothes 
aside," 1 said, "what other things do 
you object to in the girls seeking 
positions'.' Or, rather, what things 
would help them in securing good 

"Wei I," said Miss Mason thought- 
fully, "the dress is a great obstacle 
in our particular orginization, al- 
though in some offices it dots not 
seem to make any difference. But 
in all offices there is one great draw- 
back to the success of the modern- 
girl. She doesn't seem to care wheth- 
er she maKes good or not. She does 
not take pains to help the man she 
works for and with. The girl who 
was just dismissed from Mr. Thayer's 
office is a good---or rather, poor — 
example. If her letters looked nice, 
she didn't care whether they were 
right or not. It was too much 
trouble for her to refer to the 
dictionary for correct spelling of un- 
usual words; and if she ever had 
any knowledge of punctuation and 
grammatical construction, she had 
forgotten it. Nearly every letter 
she wrote had to be rewritten be- 
fore it could be sent out. Spelling 
and punctuation seem like little 
things, perhaps; but in a business 
organization, they are important. 
Then, there is. shorthand. Ninety 
per cent, of the girls who leave the 
business colleges are not ready for 
positions. Possibly they can secure 
and hold jobs, but not positions that 
pay real salaries. It would profit 
any girl to spend several more 
months in the class, room, fitting 
herself to take rapid dictation accu- 


vately, for by doing that she could as an extra. She was not an extra 
take up secretarial work instead of very long. Now, she is private sec- 
being shunted off into a corner to rotary 10 the president. And it 
write form letters." would hive ended exactly the same 

"But really, now, are there secre- if she had prepared herself for any 

tarial positions for girls." ether business. Men are anxious 

"Are there? There's .Mrs. Hurl- to get stenographers who can work 

hurt, in the president's office. She with them and realize the trials and 

knew what she wanted when she romances of business, and you may 

entered the business college a few believe me, it pays the stenographers 

years ago, and she deliberately fitted well." 

herself fur it. She knew that our We had reached our destination, 

r. usiness was a growing one, liked the Miss Mason stopped on the threshold 

thoughts of engaging in it and had for a moment. 

a vision of what she might do in our "1 have unburdened myself quite 
offices. When she began on short- freely, haven't I?" She laughed, 
band shv. was thorough She did net "However, I feel better. Now, if 
pass a lesson until she knew it. In you can remember what I have said, 
her spare time she read over our just write it out for one of those I 
catalogs and other literature to fam- Sunday School publications yon like 
ilia rizo herself with our vocabulary. to write for, and tell its girl readers. 
She madeit a point to get acquaint- Tell 'em that when they are ready, 
ed with some of our people and to enter the commercial field as full- 
learned about our foreign trade. fledged business women, they should 
When she was through at college, remember to dress as a business wo- 
she came to me and told me what man should and not try to dazzle 
she had done and asked me for a their prospective employers by try- 
chance in our force. I told the man- ing to look like a million dollars." 
ager, and he took her into his office 


"I didn't even know (he still was in there until one day my wife asked 
me about the noise down the branch," declares Ervin Hardin, about C"2 years 
old, who has completed the large part of a six months prison sentence for 
adlowing a still to be operated on his land. He was convicted by the Federal 
court sitting at Salisbury, and was sent to the Iredell jail to serve his sen- 
tence, says the Statesville Sentinel, when a newspapr man asked him 
His home is in Wilkes county near about that he laughed heartily, and 
the forks of the Hunting creek, Sum- said, "Let's let that pass." 
mer's township. Mr. Harding is typical of the 

Friends of the old man say that Brushy mountain foothill native. He 
he is serving the sentence rather is stocky, muscular as a wrestler, 
than "squeal" on his friends whom and has a wildcat gleam in his eye?, 
he knew were operating the still, but He has iron grey hair, glossy as a 



Ubruuin, rmd a face as clear of 
liarili'iiod lines as a Salvation army 

'■Yon didn't even know the still 
was [here until it hud been there 
several days?" lie was asked. 

"Nut a word," the old man said. 
"One day I eajne in from the fields, 
and the old woman asked me what 
thai noise down the branch was 
about. 1 told her 1 didn't know, but 
I'd i;o down, and see. When 1 went 
I found out what was being done. 
The still had been there i^bout three 
or four days,' ' lie said. 

" Did you know the men ?" 

"I ain't telling that, lie replied. 
"Were they your hoys?" he was 

"I ain't atelling that either," he 

"Well, how did they connect you 
with the still?" 

"Well, the officers found it on my 
land, it was within :i< few hundred 
yards of my home, and they found 
some whiskey-making stuff at my 
barn. They concluded that I must 
be the guilty one, arrested me, and 
here I am in jail." 

The old man did not know how old 
he was, but remembered how old he 
was when he was married, and how 
long it had been since he wa.s married; 
so placing the two together, it was 
found that he was about G2 years old. 

"I can't read a word or write a 
word," he explained. "That's why I 
don't know exactly how old I am. 
We have a record, which is kept by 
my daughter, in the family Bible at 

"There were no such things as 
schools when I was growing up," he 
.said using words almost as well 
chosen as (he ones the writer has 
chosen for him. ''1 never saw inside 
a school house, never learned a 
single one of the letters of the al- 
phabet, and never learned to write a 
word. " 

This old man has not l; T id down his 
life for a friend but he certainly has 
laid out six months of it for a group 
of friends, those who know him say, 

"Yes, we know it is a violation of 
the law to make whiskey," he said, 
"but you know a, feller gets in the 
habit of doing a thing and he doesn't 
like to be pestered about it. I'm 
through with this business of making 
whiskey, though," he declared, "and 
when I get out of this I'm going 
home to the old woman, and we are 
going to dig a living out of that lit- 
tle farm, and we are going to be hap- 
py, and the next time we hear 
'noises down the branch' we are going 
to send the dogs after them, and if 
they don't move, Uncle Sam has a 
pack that will make them skee- 
daddle. ' '— Statesville Sentinel. 

Institutional notes 

(Henry B. Faucelte, Reporter.) 

Mr. R. C. Shaw, of Troy, has ac- 
cepted a position here in the print- 
ing office. He is stationed at no. 7. 

Doyle Jackson, Harvey Wren and 
Harry Lamb composed the "happy 
squad" Wednesday. 

The interior beaver board work 
of cottage No. 3 has been painted. 
This makes a big improvement. 

The Administration Building is 


being repainted on the inside. This Sunday afternoon, being such a 

will not only give a brighter ap- nice, pretty day, the boys tin's a 

pea ranee but will be a pleasure to stroll down to the rock quarry. 

those who occupy it. They sat on the rocks and talked 

and were pleased to have the sun 

Last Summer, scarcely enough shine atter tnP absence of six days 

water could be had to supply the ancl ra j ny weather, 
needs of the school. Now, we keep 

a tank full and enough is in the wells Mr. J. D. Haney, expert electric- j 

to last for a lone,- while. ian of Charlott?, came over Monday 

to test the transformers and switch- I 

Mr. John Russel, officer at No. 3 es at the school. Mr. Haney has 

and twirling ace of the local base- b een nore before looking over the 

ball team, is preparing to have a lines and switches to see if they were 

strong team and win many games ; n g00 j sr ,ape. 
in the coming season. 

The barn force is now getting 

Friday at noon, when the boys as- (lmvn t „ wor k Under the super- 

sembled at the tree, every boy at vision of Mr. J. Lee White, they are 

the school was weighed. Those who getting ready for planting. Extra 

had been at the school over tnree land wi |] be cultivated. Almost 

months had gained several pounds. evcrv vear more | an( i j s a( ] dt?( j to 

From a recent visit to the wel 

cultivation. Not only is the school 

digger, this reporter found that the growing larger with boys, but the 

depth of 290 ft. had been reached. farm ,s growing larger. 

This is a fine report. Here's hoping B]ue ^^ . g b]ue ; ndeed Rt fc 

Mr. Ankers w.ll soon stnke water. School> but thg b , ueness wi „ all di , 

On account of so much tramping appear when the laundry is opened. 
in and out of the school rooms, Prof. Since more cottages have been open- 
Johnson and Crooks had the floors ed and the school growing larger, 
oiled. It is more pleasant now, it Monday, Tuesday and sometimes 
isn't dusty, the boys can study at part of Wednesday are the blue day's 
ease. for the boys on that force. After 

The boys are organizing a basket- these davs > everv bov wear:5 a s ™ le 

ball team. Several boys already and is cheery; they are looking for 

krow how to play the game. Other ward to the day when the laundry is 

boys are eager to learn. They opened. 

are putting all of the enthusiasm t-u n i \ ■ i j .• 

, .. .. - ■,. Ihe Band, which is composed ot 

and practice they can in it. ,, , . 

1 mostly new boys, is progressing rap- 
Work on the Sth and 9th cottages idly. It was reorganized the first 
is being carried on rapidly. These of February and in such a short time, 
cottages are being built by Rocking- they play remarkably well. vSome 
ham and Gaston counties. The way say it is because the boys are easy 
the counties are building up this to catch on, but I say it is because 
school shows that they appreciate Bandmaster Lawrence is such a good 
the work being done here. teacher. He explains everything dis- 



tinotly and thoroughly, so as to let 
the "Little Musicians" get every 
little detail. 

[iev. Mr. Carson, of Charlotte, 

was the chosen one to bring a mes- 
sage from God to us Sunday. He is 
an excellent talker, and the boys like 
Co hear a preacher like him talk. 

He spoke from the subject: "A 
friend sticks closer than a brother." 
He and his wife sang a solo which 
was enjoyed very much by the boys. 
He also announced that a minister 
from Charlotte will preach to us 
every third Sunday. The boys are 
looking forward to their n;xt return. 

T7 »3? 

TTHI F7~^3 



Issued Weekly-Subscription $2.00 

CONCORD, N. C, MARCH 4, 1922 

NO. 17 

[ave Forgotten the Glory 

i French naturalist writes: "I saw the other day 
ime eagle in a butcher's shop. Growing fat, 
cares no longer for the plains of heaven. His 
s, no longer fixed on the sun, watch the fire 
the hearth. The golden plumes, once streach- 
above the clouds are dragged in the ashes, 
it royal bird in the shambles, forgetful of sun, 

and sky, is a close image of thousands of men 
o, debauched by the grosser pleasures of the 
r er life, have forgotten the glory of the upper 
verse. They content themselves with picking 

iily morsels out of the ashes. 

! I 



The Uralift 



The Authority of the Stonewall Jackson Manual Training and Industrial 

School. Type-setting by the Boy's Printing Class. Subscripton 

Two Dollars the year in Advance. 

JAMES P. COOK, Editor, J. C. FISHER, Director Printing Department 

Entered as second-class matter Dec. 4, 1920, at the Post Office at Concord, 
X. C. under Act of March 3, 1879. 


Labor is a man's great function. He is nothing:, he can be nothing', he 
can achieve nothing, he can fulfill nothing-, without labor. ---Dewey. 


In a two column space The Charlotte Observer on its front page prints 
a picture of a woman and man, which it names "The Brid? and Groom." 
Under the same picture we note this: Princess Mary and Viscount Lascelles." 
This has reference to the marriage of the daughter of the King of England 
to Mr. Lascelles, charged with being the groom in the case. Miss Nell 
Battle Lewis, the editress of "Incidentally" of the Raleigh News and Ob- 
server, declares that a "groom is a man that tends horses," but if this be 
true there is no reason in the world why the Viscount could not become a 
bridegroom with some assistance. 

Taking the picture in the Observer as our only means of acquaintance 
with the "groom" we cannot understand why such a looking fellow could 
make a hit with such an attractive looking princess. Little Edward, the 
youthful linotype operator in this shop, seriously thinks "that Mr. Lascelles 
should have wiped his upper lip before he had his picture taken for The 

It i> claimed that Mary's wedding has already "given business a boost in 
London." This justifies the infallibility of the claim that advertising pays, 
for in a number of the London papers tons suitable for a presence at that 
marriage were numerous, and it would be interesting- in this period "of 
democracy" for which England put up such a stitY contest, aided and 


abetted by numerous sympathizers, to know just how many of those in at- 
tendance at this royal snobbery wore their own clothes or hired ones. 

But one thing connected with this marriage that has set society, the 
worldaround, on its ears, that, brings a ray of pleasure to these parts, is 
the fact that King George before the nuptials actually took place appointed 
the "groom"-to-be a "knight of the Order of the Gaiter." It appears that 
in England they use large quantities of cotton in I he manufacture of gar- 
ters, and this act of the King of England seems to have helped the South's 
King, fin- in the past day the pi ice of that staple went up one- fourth of a 
cent. Let us hope that the Knight of the Garter will double the capacity of 
his garter factories. 


In n iting the shameless character of a show that was permitted to go on 
unmolested in the municipal theater, at Greensboro, when the women 
scarcely dressed entertained an enraptured audience with their performance, 
The Greensboro News follows up wich a reference to another show that 
was going on in the county court house in this language: 

'It grossly outaged the stage proprieties of half a dozen years ago; 
but anybody could see half a dozen years ago that the proprieties 
were in process of evolution. 

The successive steps of that evolution lind numbers of people, who 
freely confess to old-fashioned ideas about decency, unprepared for 
their reception. At present, however, our town finds itself under the 
necessity of making comparisons. Right in the midst of it there lias 
been in progress amthar dramatic event, which has been for many 
people a magnet of strong attraction, and it is a rotten show. Little 
aboutit could by any stretch of imagination be called beautiful. And 
it is hard to imagine how any person, youth or adult, can derive m«ny 
lessons of profit from it. while the possibility of immensa evil influ- 
ence is plainly discerned. It is a free spectacle, conducted on the prem- 
ises of the county, by the legal authorities." 

Without saying so, it is known that women and youths attended tins sor- 
did exhibit that was pulled off by the court authorities of the state, in the 
name of justice, order and the preservation of peace. Five years ago the 
average woman would have regarded it a calamity were her attendance at the 
sitting of a criminal court made necessary. Not so today. Real nice, el- 
:gant ladies, forgetting the high aloolfness of the glorious past, rush i «to the 
very midst of scenes of unhappiness, sordiness and viciousness. Recently 
when a trial was going on near our doors, in which the suggestiveness of 


immorality oozed out at every turn, splendid women spent the day in the 
midst of that court, and, to make secure of their seats, some even carried 
their lunch. 

Something has happened in the heart dt society that permits our women, 
many of them, to stand that just a few years ago would not be 
toleiated. What is that something? 


A general revision of county government in North Carolina is contem- 
plated in steps which Governor Can:e."on Morrison is now taking with the 
approval of the Council of State, for the preparation of legislation to be 
submitted to the 1923 General Assembly. Governor Morrison is in process 
of appointing a commission of a score or more of distinguished men in the 
state to undertake the drafting of a reform measure which will be submit- 
ted to the Legislature as a basis for its consideration. 

The governor is satisfied that great improvement can be made in the 
county governments in North Carolina. The present law under which the 
counties of the state are governed, savs the Governor, is out of date, It 
has been handed down, in its main principles, from the first county govern- 
ment act adopted after the War Between the States. 

The only thing in the world that insures good and efficient government 
in the counties of the state is the men who are elected to fill the offices, 
said the Governor yesterday. The law as it now stands, the Governor went 
on, is submerged in a mass of amendments and special legislation to the 
extent that even the lawyers in many cases are puzzled. A complete 
reorganization of the county government and the accounting systems in 
operation in them is the Governor's aim. 

While Governor Morrison was not yet ready to make any announcement 
of definite plans yesterday, he stated that he was selecting a commission for 
the purpose of taking the whole matter into consideration and of aiding him 
in the drafting of a new law for submission to the next General Assebling- 
—Editorial in News and Observer. 


Col. Wilson G. Lamb, of Martin county, whose life with its high dignity 
and full of faithful service has enriched the generation in which he moved, 
tas passed away. His death occurred in a hospital in Rocky Mount. Col. 



Lamb belonged to the old school, the old type gentleman— who knows what 
that is, who can describe it? Can't be done; they must be just pointed 
out. Look at Col Penn Wood, of Ashboro; Col. Boyd'en, of Salisbury; 
Col. Frank Robbins, of Lexington; Mr. J. P. Alllison, of Concord; Col. 
Brevard Me Dowell, of Charlotte; Major Franklin McNeill, of Raleigh; 
Judge H. C. Connor, of Wilson; Hon. Rur'us Daughton, of All gbany;— in 
fact, every county of the good old state may boast of the presence in num- 
bers of the old-time gentleman, and what a blessing and a legacy from the 
past are these fine men, who seem to grow stronger and more numerous 
in this fine atmosphere which ; s distinctively North Carolina. 

Col. Lamb was a brave and courageous Confederate soldier; he was a 
successful business man; he numbered his friends by his acquaintances; he 
aspired to no office, but he took a lively interest in matters political; he 
was, however, chairman for years of the State Board of Elections. Noth- 
ing more or higher in office ever interested him. He leaves an untarnish- 
ed name and a service in life worthy of being cherished as an incentive to 
noble living and doing. 

Using the wild story started about the condition of the airship Roma, 
which went to the bad costing the lives of thirty-four men, as a subject, 
Mr. Clark in this number contributes a very sensible article about the right 
function of a newspaper and news-writers. He observes, as many others 
have, that many writers believe to make their stories readable they must 
weave into them the sensational spirit, even at the expense of accuracy or 
the truth. There is no story ever written that outshines oris more inter- 
esting than that story of events, deeds and occurrences which takes into ar 
count the truthful human side involved— a farfetched embelishment, a 
yellowish treatment, always leaves in the mind of the reader a ? mark. 
When actively in the newspaper harness, no man ever lived up to his 
preachments more faithfully than did Clark in h's work on The Landnirak. 

It is announced from the oliice of General Passenger Agent Cary.of the 
Southern Railway that the Southern will put in round-trip touris' rates 
to mountain and seashore resorts for the coming summer season at SO per 
cent of the double one-way fares. This is a substantial reduction from 
the rates that prevailed last year. For example, vhere one-way fare is 
$10.00, the round-trip rate this coming summer will be $16.00. L ;t year 
the round-trip rate was $18.00 plus Si. 44 war tax, making the trip cost 


$19.44. This reduction of rates is calculated to fill the mountains and the 
seacoast to overflowing. 

A vicious woman of High Po : .nt, res-mting the persuasive call of Mrs. 
Care, the Guilford Cmnty Welfare officer, urging her to send her children 
to school as the law requires, made an ugly physical attack. The gentle, 
kindly Mrs. Carr, regretting the angry and mean outbreak of this ignor- 
ant woman, was disposed to let the matter drop [here; but the judge of 
the Juvenile Court insisted that the woman be prosecuted. The Judge is 
right. Who. in the wide world, c mid expect children with such maternal 
viciousness, appalling ignoranc anJ criminal neglect, directing their course 
to reach a respectable citizenship without the state in some form or other 
stepping in and taking charge? 

The Tuesday, February 28th, was "Shrove Tuesday." This special- 
ly named day occurs just before Asn Wednesday, and its significance lies 
in the fact that it was formerly customary in England, on this day, for 
the people to confess their sins to the priest, and afterwards to dine on 
pancakes and make merry. The customs of eating pancakes and ringing a 
boll are still kept up in parts of England. The day is sometimes referred 
to as "Pancake Bell" or "Pancake Day." It is a legal holiday through- 
out the state of Louisiana, and in the cities of Mobile, Montgomery and 
Selma, in the state of Alabama. 

To the very uttermost corners of the state went the disturbing news that 
General Julian S. Carr was critically ill at his home in Durham. Anxious- 
ly they awaited the news from bis bed-side. The latest is that Gen. Carr 
is improving, and there is lively hope that the State wiil continue to enjoy 
and profit by the presence and activity of this genial gentleman, patriotic 
citizen and captain of industry. 

The Uplift rather appreciates and enjoys the sharp comment of Gover- 
nor Morrison in his resentment of the request a little 2 x 4 magistrate, who 
sits over a court in the land of Canada, makes pending the disposition of a 
fleeing criminal that is nestling in the bosom of the Canadian authorities. 

Seeing the accounts of daily accidents and deaths, we are convinced of 


the wisdom of this which the Baltimore Sun hands out: -'Horsepower has 
been sufficiently developed in the motor. What we need now is the devel- 
opment of a little in the driver." 

Elsewhere in this issue The Uiu.n-'T is publishing an intensely interesting 
story about ancient old Hillsboro in this state. It is a story prepared by 
Mr. Fred Olds for the Oxford Friend. 


When first the Fox saw the Lion he was terribly frightened, and 
ran away and hid himself in the woods. Next time however he 
came near the King of Eeasts he stopped at a safe distance and 
watched him pass by. The third time they came near one another 
the Fox went straight up to the Lion and passed the time of day 
with him. asking him how his family were, and when he should 
have the pleasure of seeing him again; then turning bis tail, he 
parted from the Lion without much ceremony. 


?: ■ 


There s Place In Life For Trie Anecdote 

REV. B. R. HALL: The North Carolina Methodist conference once had 
two Halls, Ben and John, brothers, both "able preachers and hard workers. 
Ben was once pastor of the Haw River circuit, ^charge in Chatham county. 
At this time Rev. W. M. Moore, (both men now gone to their reward )was 
presiding elder of the district. It was generally acknowledged that Moore 
■was as great a preacher of a true gospel as Xorth Carolina ever had. Travel 

then was by horse and buggy, and it 
took good horses to stand what was 
required of them. Brother Moore 
had a very spirited animal, that when 
once out of the stall was bent on play, 
and hard to get back. On a certain 
Sunday evening sometime before this 
incident , this animal escaped, got in- 
to acorn field, and work and coax all 
lie would brother Moore was unable 
to get it back, and the more he work- 
ed the more corn the animal tore 
down. Finally the good man lost his 
temper, got his shot gun and pulled 
down on the horse, stinging it 
severly with bird shot, but landed it 
in the stall. 

While Ben Hall was pastor as above 
lie had a wild unruly animal, that was 
a fool about being hitched. On this 
Sunday, after service, the mare re- 
fused to come under the shafts, and 
after several attempts, Hall lost hi., 
head and frailed the horse unmerci- 
fully, right before the onlooking con- 
gregation. So incensed were some at 

his conduct, it was reported to the 
presiding elder. A short time there- 
after Hall and Moore happened to 
meet in the road, brother Moore hav- 
ing stopped to water his horse at a 
branch, and Hall was slowing down 
for the same purpose. After passing 
the "time o' day," brother Moore 
,-aid: "Well, brother Ben, I am 
mighty sorry tq hear that you lost 
your temper and whipped your horse 
as you did at Bynum's a few Sundays 

ago " Rail knowing a 

lecture was coining and not being in 
any good mood for such, shot back: 
"Yes, Doctor Moore, I did lose my 
temper, but the mare was so unruly; I 
think if I had had my shot gun I 
would have shot her." 

"Get up — go long Charlie, go long 
— golong"s;*id Dr. Moore, as he pull- 
ed the lines, while Hall was doing the 
sam thing, both going a different 
direction without another word. 
— C. W. H. 

Love is not getting, but giving; not a wild dream of pleasure and a 
ma|dneps of desire — oh, no — love is not that! It is goodness and honor, 
and peace and pure living — yes, love is that, and is the best thing in the 
^orld, and the thing that lives longest.— Van Dyke. 




1 ■ v o 



1 ' 


, 1 

- - . 

1 .--'■ 







Charlotte, N. C. 




Charles Westbrook Hunt was born September 26th, 1S39, four miles 
west of Greensboro, near "West-Green" tbe then famous home of the late 
Samuel Westbrook. His father, the late Rev. Moses J. Hunt then being 
pastor of the Guilford circuit; that is how he came to be born there, and 
was named for a son of Mr. Westbrook, the late Rev. C. W. Westbrook. 
From the time he was one year old he was on his father's farms in Gran- 
ville and later Franklin county, where he spent 17 years, and where he 
imbibed the matter that makes the interesting- nature stories, which The 
Uplift has just concluded. 

To get to a school for the family 
of children, his father moved to 
Kernersville where he had two years 
at Kernersville Academy under the 
tutorship of the late Rev. S. R. 
Traywick; his earlier education be- 
ing in the "old-field" and subscrip- 
tion schools of the neighborhood. 
At the end of two years he refused 
a college education at Trinity Col- 
lege for the reason that he did not 
fed that his father could afford it. 
with nine other younger children; 
and he took a place with Beard, Rob- 
erts & Co., lea r ning the Tobacco 
business. He always had liked news- 
papers, Cnis father took many) and 
it was here, with Jas H. Lindsay 
and T. A. Lyon that he had his first 
taste of the work, writing locals as 
an amusement. It was not long be- 
fore he was getting out the paper 
when editors wanted to be away. 

Just about this time, Dec. 18. 1S- 
83, he married Miss Mina C. Kern- 
er, youngest daughter of the late 
Israel Kerner. Five years later he 
suffered a complete physical break- 
down, having to give up the work 
he wai doing, or anyother physical 
effort. His like and talent for news- 
Papers s..vpd him a good turn, and 
with less than $100 borrowed money 
he secured the Burlington News. 
Here he spent eight years; all the 

while a semi- physical wreck, but 
made a paper worth while, and never 
missed an issue. Feeling that it was 
unsafe to longer tax the mind and 
body with the "grind," he sold the 
plant, at a sacrifice, and in January 
1S97, moved to Charlotte. A year 
later he took a place with The South- 
ern Newspaper Union, as a travel- 
ing man, and for two years went 
into five states in the interest of 
that plant. This work he did so 
well the manager tried often to 
get him at it again. 

Resigning this job, and all news- 
paper connection, he has ever and 
anon contributed to the press of his 
writings. The old saying that: 
"You can get a man out of the 
country, but you cannot get the 
country out of the man," has been 
strongly proven in the case before us. 
He always dreamed of a place in the 
country, where he could associate 
with such things as were written 
about in the series of articles which 
he furnished The Uplift. The very 
first line he had a chance to go back, 
he bought his present home, 
"Swastika Farm" (Egyptian, means: 
rest, peace, contentment) and stock- 
ed it with white leghorn hens. Here 
he has found health, after 20 years 
a semi-invalidism. He has often 
been heard to say that he has the 


appetite of a ten year old buy; and ty, his experince with men and ser- 
the food tastes as Rood as it did ious things of this life, that he could 
when wading the creeks or roaming play the city man quite easily, but 
the woods ami Melds of Franklin he does'nt want to. 
County. He and his wife, to whom Upon the request of the editor of 
he owes, he freely admits a greater The I'ri.iiT, Mr Hunt has just finish- 
part of what success has come to him, ed a series of nature studies which 
live alone. They have three grand- he kindly consented to write for the 
children and an only daughter, Mrs. pleasure and information of our 
Frank F. Jones, in Charlotte. beys. They have richly enjoyed 
There are men, and I among them; in fact, we have had assur- 
them, who wonder why one so tab ancv.s from many sources that they 
ented in writing engaging stories, have been keenly read by many of 
who sees so much gcod in his fellow- our subscribers with entertainment 
men and tries to be blind to their and profit. Early after beginning 
faults, would not rig up a news- the publication of the stories, the 
paper plant and start himself again request came to us from various 
in the active set vice of running a sources to preserve them in order 
paper. But unlike the cither men. and issue them in a booklet. This 
who have noted Mr. Hunt's clever- is being done in our office, and they 
ness with the pen, I happen to know will go out to every county, to schools 
that he likes something far better and to all public libraries. All this 
an la normal man usually follows labor by Mr. Hunt was one of love, 
his choice. Hunt is essentia'Iv a and a deep interest in the great work 
countryman, loves to com. mine with in which the Jackson Training School 
nature, to study the ways and hab- is engaged. 

its of living things that abound in This man Hunt is a choice spirit 

the rural section, and this love can- among us, is living a life of unself- 

not be gratified when tied up to ishoess and of great service, alive 

the fortunes of a newspaper. I said wire, straight and upright, and a 

our subject is a countryman. I am loyal, sincere friend without guile 

aware that through his native abili- ---in this day, that is much of a man. 

Much of the meanness that men do is the result of impulse, haste, im- 
mature deliberation. If they had waited a little, those things that brought 
hurt and untold regrets would never have been done at all. Proci-istina- 
tion is at times a virtue. Do not strive to do today everything that can 
possibly be done, but r.qther content yourself with those things that you 
are fully persuaded in your mind and conscience ought to be done. Leave 
all the rest over as unfinished business. Time has a way of settling most of 
the problems of life. It is always wise to allow the old Father with the 
hour-glass a chance to give one the benefit of his widsoni. — Methodist 


An Echo Ci The Past. 

In my school days, forty-five years ago., this copy, "Procrastination is the 
thief of time," was often set up as a copy for the whole school. I admired 
immensely the symmetry of the penmanship, also the deliberation of the 
old maid school teacher as she, with measured step, took her position before 
the blackboard that cov< red one end of the school-room and wrote the copy- 
so it might be seen by every pupil. 

I had no idea in the world what up to the standard, there was an 
"Procrastination" meant. I didn't adjustmant of matters after school 
know whether it was something to hours, no questions were in order. 
eat or to wear: but I knew that it Now, that the light is broken and 
was a mighty high-sounding word, we have come to fully understand 
but never thought it would play the gravity and greatness of that 
any part in my life; but, "believe copy that graced every school-room 
me," I lest no time in trying to re- of the years past, we know that 
produce the copy just as written Procrastination is a habit arid a bad 
with precision and neatness in the one; and a person who indulges 
period set aside for that work. will find life so crowded with odds. 
Little did I then realize that I was, and ends of unfinished work until a 
by this activity and deep interest in mental pandemonium reigns and a 
following the copy avoiding the starting-point seems impossible to 
penalty of the very meaning of the find. For instance, take the black- 
word, board in a busy school-room. Don't 

This teach .>r, as I remember her you erase all writing and figuring at 
appearance now, I'm sure wore the end of the day's work and start 
hoop-skirts for there' was a certain out anew the next morning? Order 
smooth whirl to her skirts as she mid system in the school-room, and 
walked that gave her dignity and why not mentally be in the same 
made her appear very wise. In fact shape. How refreshing! 
she must have been a twin sister, or You- not only lose time by pro- 
close kin, of "Iluck's" teacher, for crastination, but it sometimes makes 
as I recall, the resemblance was you lose your temper by being over- 
marked. She also kept a rule on her crowded with unfinished or put-on? 
desk that warranted a profound re- work. Moral: DON'T PUT OFF UN- 
specr, punctuality, perfect recita- TIL lO-.MORROW WHAT YOU" 
tions, and, if in either you were not CAN DO TODAY. •— M. N. C. 

The teacher had told her pupils to write a short essr.y about Lincoln,, 
and ore boy handed in the following: 

"Abraham Lincoln was born on a bright summer day, the twelfth of 
February, 1809. He was horn in a log cabin he had helped his father 
to build."— Republic Item. 


A Good North Carolina Girl In Texas 

By Jim Riddick 

She grew up in a North Carolina home, where tragedy held sway over 
the parents and their fortunes for too many years now to account for. 
Nearly every sadness known to mankind seemed gleefully to in\ade that 
home to do mischief— all leaving an imprint that stuck closer than a hro- i 

The little girl, attractive, of fine 
spirit and unusual poise, one of the 
only two of a large family of child- 
ren that escaped the baneful influ- 
ence of that most mysterious tragedy 
that cruelly followed in the wake of 
that family. She was the friend of 
everbody, and everybody was her 
friend. If there were a kindly word 
to be said, or a graceous act to be 
done, or a relief to be rendered, the 
opportunity was immediately gras- 
ped by this charming little miss. 
And this is how she grew up, gain- 
ing strength of purpose and will 
and habit as the days went by. 

In all her set. in which she was 
thoroughly at home, none was more 
eagerly sought. Wealth did not 
blind her; immediate advantage of 
a situation concerned her not. She 
cooly considered everything from a 
sense of right and justice; she 
thought liKe a man- -temporarily ad- 
vantageous results weighed nothing 
with her. She was looking towards 
the future. It is no wonder that 
such a girl, even in those blessed 
days of other years, was sought for. 
Suitor after suitor played a losing 
court. Something higher, deeper 
and more enduring controlled the 
heart of this wonderful girl. "Oh," 
said she, "it must be glorious to fig- 
ure as the sweet and attractive bride 
inabrilliant maniage, but," and she 
continued, "I must be conscious of 

the presence of a sterling character, 
a manly cleanliness and a depend- 
able love, before I take a step that 
mars or makes a life forever." She 
had seen the evil effects where these 
virtues were lacking, and she lived 
up to her ideals that promise for life 
the joys, the happiness and the suc- 
cesses of a sensible and well-guard- 
ed matrimonial alliancp. 

Our little North Carolina girl and 
the man that fitted her ideals met; 
they plighted and were married in 
a simple, matter-of-fact marriage 
ceremony. And off to Texas, tak- 
ing up their abode in one of the larg- 
est cities of the Lone Star state. 

Without much wordly goods, with- 
out substantial and influenetial 
friends, they began life together, 
far removed from their families or 
former friends. Big business, this 
beginning without appreciable capi- 
tal, to lay the foundation for a suc- 
cessful career in a bustling city, 
where every avenue seemed well- 
nijrh filled. But this is a story of 
will and a\ termination, of fa!;h and 
energy, but above all with brains 
and a high sense of intergrity. And, 
too, this is a story of a judicous and 
sensible advertising scheme. To 
make the story complete I will just 
say that it was a grocery business 
these young people started up, hut 
it wasn't. I'd tell just whatitwas, 
but I do not care to furnish anyevi- 



dence that would lead to the identity 
of this interesting 1 , prominent and 
very successful family, who stand 
high in their community and want 
for nothing— they have whipped the 

A st ire-room, small but sufficiently 
large, was selected in a certain 
neighborhood of this large city 
where no other store existed that 
handle the same class of wares. The 
little woman "did all her house- 
work" and whatever else needed im- 
mediate attention. Finishing her 
home duties, this North Carolina 
girl-wife started out on the street, to 
purchase such things as she was 
compelled to have. That's nothing 
out of the ordinary, for hundreds of 
women, who are not ashamed of 
their rearing and are net too proud 
to work when the call c«mes, go out 
to marketing. But here is where 
genius asserted itself, where North 
Carolina initiative performed in high 
gear. She needed some gingham--- 
the little woman made the order, 
requested the package sent to her 
husband's store with the bill. Seven 
or eight blocks away she went to 
place an order for some vegetables 
—the package and the bill were to 
be carried to her husband. Now the 
little woman, recalling that a win- 
dow curtain was needed--she went 
to another part of the city to make 

the purchase---and the same order 
about delivery and payment follow- 
ed. The next day, she dropped into 
another section of the business hous- 

For months this smart North Caro- 
lina woman kept np this method of 
supplying her needs until she had 
just about given a small patronage 
to nearly every worthy store in the 
city. When her purchase and the ac- 
companying bill arrived at her hus- 
band's place of business, he politely 
and courteously completed the piece 
of business. In a short time these 
two people ceased to be strangers in 
that big city; and finding the new 
comer a very agreeabl? gentlemen, 
his place nicely kept and bis methods 
of doing business entirely on the 
square, folks from. every part of the 
city began to drop into his place and 
make purchases. Month after month 
this recipiocity was kept, up until 
this man with a smart North Caro- 
lina wife, whom everybody admired 
and loved during her childhood, be- 
came well known, won a place for 
himself and his business in the city 
---and to-day he is rich in worldly 
goods and says it is all due to his 
wife, herself to-dav a consoicious 
social figure and active in welfare 
and church affairs. It takes a man 
to make such an ackowledgement in 
the presence of his wife. 

Trust not thy secret to a confidant, for he, too, will have his associates 
and friends; and it will spread aboard through the whole city, and men ■ 
will call thee weak-headed. — Firdausi. i 



(By R. R. Clark.) 

Following; the dreadful disaster to the airship Roma a few day ago, in which 
34 lives were lost, came a story from Chicago in which it was stated without 
reservation that Lieut. Sniythc, one of the victims, had following the flight of 
the Roma to Washington some time previous, written his father in Chicago 
that the airship was dangerous and that it would lie criminal negligence to 
fly the machine again until the defects were remedied. The Chicago story 
gave such detail of the alleged letter that on its face there were indications of 
truth; and many people who read that were not paragons of virture in all re- 
statement began to berate the officials spects. They had their faults and 
in charge of the Roma as guilty of failings, their short-comings. But the 
criminal negligence. Lieut Smythe's modern craving for excitement, for 
army associates questioned the truth sensation, has created a lot of news- 
of the story , saying that the dead paper men who seem to feel that they 
officer was not the kind of man to must satisfy the demand for sensa- 
tvrite a serious charge like that with- tion even if it be necessary to sacri- 
out making some report of his suspi- fiee accuracy. 

cions to his superior officers, as it I am not discussing of course the 

would have been his duty to do. errors that can't be guarded against 

Now comes the father of Lieut. with the best effort that can be made. 
Smythe, to whom the letter was al- As the newsgathercr must nearly al- 
leged to have been written, and says ways take his information second 
the story is absolutely fylse, without hand and work under pressure, there 
any foundation in fact. It had its are always errors enough which in the 
origin only in the fertile brain of nature of things can't be avoided.But 
some newspaper writer who wanted [ am talking about newgatherers who 
to make a sensation; one of the sort will not take the pains to verify re- 
who make up a story out of a mini- ports, who do not use their common 
mum of truth and a, maximum of sense to analyze a story told them 
imagination; or who make the ami use their judgment in deterrain- 
whole story without a scintilla of fact ing its truth; but who on the contrary 
on which to found it. are glad to have it in exaggerated 

I don't know whether this sort of form if the simple truth eliminates 
newspaper writing- is on the increase, the sensational features; and w ho are 
but sometimes I am inclined to think not averse to dressing it up so that it 
that it is. The newspapers have made will be readable, if not sensational, 
wonderful advances in some respects without special regard for accuracy of 
in the last 25 years, but I sometimes in- statement. Some of the speciul writ- 
cline to the belief that the zeal for ac- ers make a specialty of rumors and 
curacy hasn't kept pa,ce with some of speculation. One can make up a very 
the other advances in newspaperdom. interesting story from rumors aud 
This may be more apparent thiui real; suggestions as to certain possibilities 
I hope it is. The old-time editors under certain conditions. But pres- 



■ entlv it falls out that there was no 
truth whatever in the rumor, and that 
speculations founded on the rumor 
annoyed if not positively harmed 
somebody or some cause. There are 
harmless rumors and harmless specu- 
lation; but this sort of thing-, when 
handled, should be sent out for what 
it is distinctly, and if there is any- 
thing in connection with it that will 
do anybody injustice, leave it alone. 
I know all about the consuming desire 
to print something that will attract 
attention; that will astonish the read- 
er; and how difficult it is to leave 
rumor alone through fear that it may 
prove to lie fact and the other fellow 
will get it first. But better far to go 
without the sensations and better far 
let the other fellow have a scoop 
occasionally than undergo the humilia- 
tion of finding you have circulated a 
fake and may be one that will annoy 
or injure innocent people. Better far 
print the ordinary news of the day 
(and there is now no lack of sensa- 
tion in the ordinary news) and have a 
reputation for accuracy, for printing 
reliable information, only that which 
can be depended upon, than to print 
a paper that has a sensation in every 
issue but which nobody trusts. 

I have met some newspaper writers 
in my time who considered it a part 
of the profession to dress up a story, 
make it interesting and readable if 
not sensational, without being parti- 
cular as to accuracy. Somehow they 
hail the idea of fiction stories mixed 
with real news writing. This sort 
brul a poor conception of their duty 
to the public and very poor training 
in the profession. Every individual 
who engages in newspaper work should 
get the idea firmlv fixed that accu- 

racy is the first consideration; that 
a newspaper's character is just like 
an individual's character. If you 
have an acquaintance who constantly 
exaggerates, who is always loaded 
with gossip, sensationad rumors which 
he takes pleasure in circulating with- 
out regard to their truth or the harm 
to innocent people, you may or may 
not cut his acquaintance altogether — • 
sometimes there are very entertain- 
ing liars — but you will lose respect for 
him and will discount anything he 
says; and even when he tells you the 
truth you won't believe him unless the 
story is verified from some other 
source. And that is just exactly the 
way with the unreliable newspaper 
or the newspaper writer who handles 
the truth carefully or uses it sparing- 
ly; who get the reputation of being 

If I were giving advice to the young- 
er generation of editors and news- 
writer (which I am not; I am simply 
making these observations for what- 
ever they may be worth), I would 
stress accuracy all the time. Verify 
the facts as nearly as possible, make 
prompt correction of material errors 
(never correct anything unless a libel 
suit threatens seems to be the motto 
of some of the modern newspaper- 
makers), strive above all to make a 
reputation for reliability so that your 
readers can depend on what you tell 
them. Telling the facts as they are, 
naught extenuate and naught set 
down in mah'ce, isn't inconsistent 
with writing an entertaining story or 
making the story readable. Often the 
truth is more entertianing than an 
exaggeraton. Aside from the desire 
to be accurate for truth's sake is 
the matter of injustice. A story can 


be so colored that it will do a great tunity olfers. He who isn't big 
injustice and leave the wronged with- enough to rise above prejudices, bh 
out an adequate remedy without tell- personal feelings and be fair, is unfit 
ing a downright falsehood. Many for newspaper work and should be ox- 
news paper-writers do great injustice eluded from the profesion which he 
to folks they don't like by putting dishonors, 
them in a false light whenever oppor- 

The job ahead of us may be like a bitter pill in the mouth; the longer we 
put it off, the harder it becomes to swallow. — Kings' Treasuries. 


By Fred A. Olds 
There are plenty of bigger towns in Xorth Carolina than old Hillsboro, and 
there are older ones, like Bath, Edenton and Hertford, for example, not to 
speak of others, but certainly Hillsboro has made a remarkable record because 
of the fact that it has turned out so mapy noted men, exercising in many cases 
not only a state-wide but a national influence. What other town or really 
village, for it has only 1,180 people, ever furnished two United States Senators 
and that for a number of years, at the have all their pristine charm. 

The Occoneechee Mountain 

same time .' Hillsboro did this, in 

the persons of William A. Graham 

and Willie P. Mangum, men who cer- Hillsboro used to be, "before the 

tainly made their mark. w:lr > sir >" a mountain resort, for 

-..—.... „ look you, it has a trinity of lnotin- 

Old Hillsboro Town t • ' ,, ,-, , ' , ■ , 

tains, the Occoneechee, which rise 

Hillsboro is only 40 miles from . 900 feet above sea level and 3011 feet 

Raleigh, and the casual traveler by above the level of the little Eiio riv- 

train only gets a view of a little er, which makes its muddy way at 

of it, including the pretty tower of their feet; that stream in v/hicb 

the court house, the old mill and Eno Will, the Tndian guide who 

the ungainly yard around the sta- showed John La.wson the way through 

tion, the latter giving about as mi- Xorth Carolina to the, no doubt 

prepossessing an entrance to the fished many a lime, his tribe living 

place as well can be conceived. Now in that vicinity for some time after 

that the a.utomobile has come into the early white settlers came on the 

being such delightful old towns ought scene. It was in 1708 that Eno Will 

to be places of pilgrimage. The auto acted as pilot and his route led only 

has made rural England and rural a few miles north of Raleu/h. In 

Europe. In England many charm- those days there was no Wake coun- 

ing places not touched by railways ty or Raleigh, except Old Fori Ral- 

were forgotten after the stage coach eigh on Roanoke Island, which T,aw- 

days until recent years, but the au- son visited and where there remained 

tomobile has revived them and they plenty of relics of the "Lost Colon" 



of 1537 when he saw ib. 

Memories of Royal Days 

la Hillsboro the main street 
bears the name of Cburton and thei-e 

an; Tryon and Wake streets, for this 
was one of the places which Gov. 
Trvon greatly liked and he made it 
a point to go there often. He eame 
to this state expecting to be governor 
immediately, hut the then governor 
held on several months and Mr. and 
Mrs. Tryon and their daughter Mar- 
garet, (and shall we say the beauti- 
ful Esther Wake too) made a horse- 
bark journey from the eoast to Hills- 
boro. For Margaret, one of the 
quaint lanes is named and to this 
hour it is "Margaret's Lane," per- 
haps 20 feet wide, running east and 
west directly in front of the quaint 
old Nash mansion and by one end 
of the stately avenue of cedars which 
extends at its other end to Tryon 
street, which leads by the front of 
the courthouse. This letter end is 
close to the Corbinton Inn, not nam- 
ed for "Ffrancis" Corbin, who built 
the beautiful "House with the Cupo- 
la" at F.denton, (which yet stands, as 
the home of his bride) in 1758. Xo, 
the hotel is named for Mr. Corbin of 
the Orange county section and not 
for the fascinating "Ffrancis," as it 
"was spelled. 

A Lottery-Built Church 

There are plenty of odd things at 
Hillsboro and the writer made it 
a point to attend a service in the lit- 
tle Presbyterian church, in one re- 
spect easily the most curious in this 
state, for it was built by the town 
and for everybody, and by the pro- 
ceeds of a lottery. The 'legislature 
authorized the commissioners of the 

town, then a borough which elected 
its own members of the legislature, 
to have a lottery to raise funds to 
the amount of $5,000 with which to 
pay for this church. The lottery was 
conducted in the style of those days, 
the money raised, the church built 
and so it stands to this good hour. 
A block .south of it is a two-story 
brick building which is the home of 
Fagle Lodge of Masons. This was 
built in 1820, also out of the pro- 
ceeds of a lottery which the state 
authorized to be heid. It raised, $3,- 
000 and Capt. John Berry erected the 
lodge building. 

In this connection it mr^y be said 
of this Capt. Berry that be was truly 
a remarkable man, for so well did he 
do his work on the present court- 
house, which he had contracted to 
build for $10,000, that the county 
court in accepting it, formally thank- 
ed him and actually gave him a bonus 
of $500. The courthouse is small 
but beautiful in its simplicity and 
graceful lines and in its belfry, 
equally graceful, are the clock and 
the hell given by His Majesty King 
George the Second to the "trusty and 
well-beloved" people of his goodly 
town of Hillsboro, named for the Earl 
of Hillsborough the county seat of 
his equally trusty and well-beloved 
county of Orange, named for King 
TVilliap of Orange, the head of the 
then reigning house. 

Graves Of The Great 
The little church, which will ac- 
commodate perhaps 150 people, 
stands on a lot with its rear towards 
and quite a distance from Cburton 
street. The graveyard is a. fea- 
ture of the place. It is not a Pres- 
byterian church-yard, for it was the 


town burial-place, It carries out the 
old English idea, but lacks the Eng- 
lish tidiness. Directly in front of 
the entrance of the church is the 
monument erected 20 years ago by 
Judge Aiken of Danville Y.i., in 
memory of his ancestor, A'.Thihald 
DeBow Murphey, who was born in 
1779 and died in IS3'2, and who had 
the honor of being the lather of pub- 
lic education in North Carolina. In 
his honor one of tlie most promi- 
nent of Raleigh's puolic schools is 
mvmed and the pe-.)p'e ol Cherokee 
county intended to inline their trou i- 
ty seat after him also, Iiik fell I mn 
on the proposition because they !rft 
out the "e" in lb.; name and never 
had the nerve to set matters straight. 

A Noted North Carolinian 
A few feet away from this tall 
shaft over Murphey 's grave is one 
over that of William A. Graham. This 
monument carries the roll of his pub- 
lie services and tells that he was 
Speaker of the North Carolina House 
of Commons, Senator of the United 
States, Governor of North Carolina, 
Secretary of the United States Navy, 
member of the State Convention of 
1861, Senator of the Confederate 
States, arbitrator of the dividing line 
between Maryland and Virginia. He 
was born in 1804 and died in August, 
1S75, his body lying in state at Ral- 
eigh and being given a national and 
State burial. 

This cemetery was laid off in 1754. 
On its west side there are private 
burial places, some with stone fences 
like the one around the church-yard, 
but only two or three of these private 
plots are well kept. In one is a flat 
slab over the grave of James Hogg, 
who went to Hillsboro in 1774, beside 


him lying is his wife, Mrs. McDowell 
Hogg, who was a cousin of the fam- 
ous Scotch poet Hogg, commonly 
known as the "Ettrick Shepherd." 
Hooper The Signer 
Another !la.t slab, with its in- 
scription almost obliterated by time 
ami neglect is that of William Hoop- 
er, erne of the three North Carolina 
signers of the Declaration of Inde- 
pendence at Philadelphia, July 4, 
177ii. The inscription sets out that 
the grave is thai of William Hooper, 
eldest sun of Rev. Willi;ym Hooper 
late rector of Trinity Church, Bos- 
ton, New England; born June 28, 
1742; educated at Cambridge College; 
died October 16th, 171)0, in the 49th 
year of his age. The latter part of 
the inscription is these words, "Sign- 
er of the Declaration of Indepen- 
dence,'' this part having been deeply 
cut in recent years, so thr,t it alone 
stands out clearly. 

Saving A Grave-Stone 

There is quite a bit of a story 
about this Hooper grave. Some thir- 
ty-five years ago the late Judge 
Schenck, the developer of the move- 
ment to preserve and mark the bat- 
tlefield of Guilford Courthouse, ob- 
tained permission to remove rhe re- 
mains from this churchyard to the 
battle-ground. The slab was moved 
aside the grave opened and a small 
box full of remains secured a/id tak- 
en to the battle-ground. The slab 
was hauled to the depot, but the 
wrath of Josiah Turner of Hillsboro 
was aroused and he went to the de- 
pot, got the slali and hauled it back 
to the graveyard, so there it :■- today. 

Noble Cypresses 

A number of visitors to Hillsboro i 



would probably term it a "runny old 
dead town in the poor county of Or- 
ange," but tlicre are good tilings in 
I lu' place, and in the county, too, it: 
one knows first how to look for them, 
ami secondly, appreciate them. At 
the Ronlhae home are a p. ,- ,ir of lofty 
ami large cypress trees, which were 
taken there much over one hundred 
years ago from Edenton, and seem 
quite out of place in that high re- 
gion, for Raleigh is past the west- 
ern limit of this tree. Two other 
tine cypresses are at Hillsbpro, on the 
Paul Cameron estate, where there are 
in all 158 kinds of trees and the 
larger shrubs. 

A Convention Church 

At the southeast corner of this 
churchyard is a little wooden build- 
ing which is the public library, and 
it is to be replaced by one of the 
rich-colored stone found there, set in 
cement. On this site stood St. Mat- 
thew's church, in which the state 
conventions of 1775 and 17S8 were 
held. It was the latter convention 
was declined to ratify the constitu- 
tion of the United States. Ratifica- 
tion was effected at Fayetteville the 
next year. 

The Stately Cedars 

Certainly one of the finest things 
Hillsboro has to offer is the avenue 
from Tryon street to the old Xash 
mansion, known as ''Cedar Lane." It 
was in 1817 that Mrs. Nash planted 
these cedars, which are now sixty feet 
high ami have lived over one hun- 
dred years, though live are gone, one 
but lately. The Nash mansion has a 
sidewalk laid in Revolutionary days 
of slab, of Various sizes of the slate- 
like ro!k peculiar to Hillsboro, laid 

here and there and giving a speckled 
effect. Governor Tryon spent a cou- 
ple of months in this house in 1768. 
From the place is a fine view of the- 
courthouse, under the branches of the 
biggest osage or mock orange tree in. 
the state. 

The Nash House 

This Xash house itself is in two 
parts, the older one Inning Hush 
weatherboarding 18 inches wide, all 
the nails having been made in a. 
blacksmith shop, and the keys turn- 
ing twice to lock and unlock the mas- 
sive locks. The sills, of great size 
were hewed in the forest and hauled 
there. Little or no changes have been 
made in the house, the two parts off 
which are joined without a break or 
division, except in floor levels. The 
interior, with its dining-room some 
30 by 18 feet in dimension, is cer- 
tainly worth seeing. This particular 
room was the study room of the once 
noted girls'' school of the Misses Nash 
and Kolloek. 

The Dark Walk 

Under the shades of the tall cedars 
is a smart little club house, which 
Mr. Xash built some years ago, and- 
is quite up-to-date. The town spent 
$30,000 and spent it well in macad- 
amizing its leading streets and put- 
ting down concrete sidewalks in all 
directions. There are some effective 
street views, notably on Cburton 
street. One end of this street is- 
at the bridge across the Eno river. 
At this and is what has for 175 years 
been known as the "Dark Walk." 
This is a delightful walkway along- 
tbe river bank, with a cliff on the 
other hand and- with original forest 
trees forming a gigantic umbrella ov- 



•erhca.d. It belongs to Gen. Julian S. 
Carr, having been always a part of 
the Norwood estate and so bought 
by him, and is as picturesque and as 
charming as when Governor Tryon 
and Miss Margaret promenaded there 
and when Lord Cornwallis enjoyed 
its attractions, while his head was 
busy with schemes to overcome His 
Majesty's most rebellious subjects. 

Around The Court House 

The court house yard is charming. 
To the eastward is an ungaily flour- 
ing mill only a few yards away, and 
this is built of brick which came from 
the once noted Caldwell Institute, in 
the northwest corner of the town. 
Near this mill is aj little stuccoed 
building, one-story high, a liny af- 
fair with of columned portico in the 
style of a Greek temme. This w-is 
the law office in Hillsboro 's great days 
of John W. Norwood. 

The Old Academies 

In the century before the last 
Hillsboro got authority from the leg- 
islature to build two academics, one 
for each sex. The on" for females 
was torn down and the materials 
put in a dwelling now standing. 'I he 
imVe academy building, of brick, yet 
stands a little west if the Cameron 
estate, which now owns i', and in it 
negroes live. 

An Ancient Court House 

The first court house was built in 
1755. It was burned in 1790. but as 
stated, the king's bell and clock 
were saved. In 1791 the second 
court house was constructed and this 
was moved in order to be replaced 
by the present one in 184.3. The 
building thus removed was lirst a 

carriage shop, next the white Bap- 
tist church and now is the negro 
Methodist church. It is only two 
blocks from the present court house. 

A "Worthy Monument 
Instead of a monument to the Con- 
federate and the World War dead 
the people of Hillsboro have wisely 
decide to build their new public 
library of stone, as already stated, 
and they will earn the thanks of a 
good many people for this innova- 
tion, some of the Confederate mon- 
uments iu North Carolina being quite 
the reverse of artistic and well cal- 
culated to make a veteran run wiieu 
he looks at them. 

A Church Romance 

The Episcopal church stands in the 
most commanding position in the 
town, and in its churchyard one can 
see majiy a monument over the graves 
of great men. The location of this 
church and its admirably kept church- 
yard is due to a romance. Judge 
Thomas Ruflin on one occasion walked 
from the little town with the beautiful 
Miss Anne Kirkland, to escort her to 
her home, Ayriuount, which is in full 
sight to the eastward. In those days 
the way between her home ami the 
town was by a foot path, which surely 
must have been delightful. Be-ide it 
was a fallen tree on which the two sat 
down, then and there he said words 
to which she, responsive, listened ami 
which brought about a wedding by and 
bye. As a memorial of that delight- 
ful incident he gave the land .or the 
church and churchyard. 

Memorials Of Dead 
In this churchyard are moi: merits, 
worth seeing, over the graves of mem- 
bers of the families of Nash, Eoulhac, 


Webb, Cameron, Collins, Ruff in, Jones the loaders of the "Regulators" were 

and others. Only a brick wall sepa- hanged after having been sentenced 

v;ites this cemetery from the once in court. From a point near this 

beautiful grounds of t he Cameron es- church there is perhaps the finest view 

tate, now unkempt though charming of the little town except that from the 

in their decay. Xot many yards away mountains which lie across the riv- 

is a marble slab placed there by Mr. er. The town is set in a sort of 

Cameron to mark the spot where the basin and is dominated by Kills all 

.'allows stood on which in 1771 six of around. 

"The closer we keep to people ■who are really doing the worth while 
things of life the more quickly do we begin doing them ourselves." 

The Orign Of Roast Pig 

Charles Lamb 
(Charles Lamh Was born in London 1 775. He Was a nercous, timid bov and 
had an impediment in his speech. He devoted his life to an older sister, who dnr~ 
ing temporary insanity filled lier mother. He Was both poet and essayist, but 
noted chief ly for his prose writing. Among the more noted of his essays are. 
"Dream Children," and "Roast Pig." He died in 1834.) 

Mankind, says a Chinese nianu- tage in the care of his eldest son,, 
script, which my friend M. was Bo'oo a great lubberly boy, who 
obliging enough to read and ex- being fond of playing with fire, as 
plain to me, for the first seventy youngsers of his age commonly are, 
thousand ages ate their meat raw, let some sparks escape into a bun- 
clawing or biting it from the ani- die of straw, which kindling quick- 
mal, just as they do in Abyssinia to ly, spread the conflagration over 
this day. This period is not ob- every part of their poor mansion, 
scurely hinted at by their great till it was reduced to ashes. To- 
Confucius in the second chapter of gether with a cottage (a sorry an- 
his Mundane Mutations, where he tediluvian makeshift of a building, 
designates a kind of golden age by you may think it,) which was of 
the term Cho-fang, literally the much more importance, a fine lit- 
Cook's Holiday. The manuscript ter of newborn pigs, no less than 
goes on to say that the art of roast- nine in number perished. China 
hig, or rather broiling (which I take pigs have been esteemed a luxury 
to be the elder brother,) was ac- all over the East, from the remotest 
cidentaily discovered in the manner period that we read of. Ro-bo was. 
following. The swineherd, Ho ti, in the utmost consternation, as you 
having gone out into the woods one may think, not so much for the sake- 
morning, as his manner was, to col- of the tenement, which his father 
lect mast for his hogs, left his cot- and he could easily build up again. 



with a few dry branches, and the 
labor of an hour or two, at any 
time, as for the loss of the pigs. 

While he was thinking what he 
should say to his father and wring- 
ing his hands over the smoking 
remnants of one of those untimely 
sufferers, an odor assailed his nos- 
trils, unlike any scent which he had 
before experienced. What could it 
proceed from? —Not from the burn- 
ed cottage — he had smelt that smell 
before; indeed, this was by no 
means the first accident of the. kind 
which had occured through the neg- 
ligence of this unlucky young fire- 
brand. Much less did it resemble 
that of any known herb, weed or 
flower. A premonitory moistening 
at the same time overflowed his 
nether lip. He knew not what to 
think. He next stooped down to 
feel the pig, if there were any signs 
of life in it. He burned his fingers, 
and to cool them he applied them in 
his booby fashion to his mouth. 
Some of the crumbs of the scorched 
skin had come away with his fingers, 
and for the first time in his life (in 
the world's life, indeed, for before 
him no man had known it) he tast- 
ed—cracklings. Again he felt and 
fumbled at the pig. It did not burn 
him so much now; still he licked his 
fingers from a sort of habit, The 
truth at length broke into his slow 
understanding that it was the pig 
that smelled so, and the pig that 
tasted so delicious; and surrender- 
ing • himself up to the newborn 
pleasure, he fell to tearing up whole 
handfuls of the scorched skin with 
the flesh next it, and was cramming 
it down his throat in his beastly 
fashion, when his sire entered amid 
the smoking rafters, armed with re- 
tributory cudgel, and finding how 

affairs stood, began to rain bbwa 
upon the young rogue's shoulders, 
as thick as hailstones, wheh Bo-bo 
heeded not any more than if they 
had been flies. The tickling pleas- 
ure which he experienced in his low- 
er regions had icnderd him quite 
callous to any incoveniences he might 
feel in those remote quarters. His 
father might lay on, but he could 
not beat him from his pig, till he had 
fairly made an end of it, when, bec- 
oming a little sensible of his situa- 
tion, something like following dia- 
logue ensued. 

"'You graceless whelp, what have 
you got there devouring? Is it not 
enough that you have houses with 
your dog's tricks, and be hanged to 
you! but you must be eating fire, 
and I know not what---what have you 
gat there, I say?" 

"0 father, the pig, the pig! Do 
come and see how nice the burned 
pig eats. 

The ears of Ho-ti tingled whith 
horror. He cursed his son, and he 
cursed himself that ever hp should 
beget a son that should eat burned 

Bo-bo, whose scent was wonder- 
fully sharpen^ since morning, soon 
raked out another pig, and fairly 
rending it asunder; tirust the lesser 
half by main force into the fist of 
Ho-ti, still shouting out, "Eat, eat, 
eat, the burned pig father, only 
taste— Lord?"— with such like bar- 
barous ejaculations, cramming all 
the while as if he would choke. 

Ho-ti trembled in every joint while 
he grasped the abominable thing, wa- 
vering whether he shonld put h<sson 
to death' for an unnatural .. oting 
monster, when the crackling scorch- 
ing his fingers, as it had done his 
son's, and applying the same remedy 

: !■ 




to them, he in his turn tasted some 
of its flavor, which, make what sour 
mouths he would for pretense, 
proved not altogether displeasing to 
him. In conclusion (for the manu- 
script here is a little tedious) both 
father and son fairly sat down to the 
mess, and never left off till they had 
dispatched all that remained of the 

Bo-bo was strictly enjoined not to 
let the secret escape, for the neigh- 
bors would certainly have stoned 
them for a couple of abominable 
wretches, who could think of im- 
proving upon the good meat which 
God had sent them. Nevertheless, 
strange stories got about. It was 
observed that Ho-ti's cottage was 
burned down more frequently than 
ever. Nothing but fires from this 
time foward. Some would break 
out in broad day, others in the 
nighttime. So often as the sow had 
young pigs, so sure was the house 
of Ho-ti to be in a blaze; Ho-ti him- 
self, which was the more remark- 
able, instead of chastising his son, 
seemed to grow more indulgent to 
him than ever. At length they 
were watched, the terrible mystery 
discovered, and the father and son 
summoned to take their trial at 
Pekin, then an inconsiderable as- 
size town. Evidence was given, the 
obnoxious food itself produced in 
court, and verdict about to be pro- 
nounced, when the foreman of the 
jury begged that some of the burn- 
ed pig, of which the culprit stood 
accused, might be handed into the 
box. He handled it, and they all 
handled it; and burning their fin- 
gers as Eo bo and his father had 
done before them, and nature 
prompting to each of them the same 
remedy, against.the face of all the 

facts, and the clearest charge which 
judge had ever given,--- to the sur- 
prise of the whole court, townsfolk, 
strangers, reporters, and all pres- 
ent, --without leavmg the bcx, or 
any manner of consultation what- 
ever, they brought in a simulta- 
neous verdict, of Not Guilty. 

The judge, who was a shrewd fel- 
low winked at the manifest iniqui- 
ty of the decision; and when the court 
was dismissed, went privily, and 
bought up all the pigs that could be 
had for love or money. In a few 
days his lordship's town house 
was observed to be on fire. The 
thing took wing, and now there was 
nothing to be seen but fires in every 
direction. Fuel and pigs grew 
enormously dear all over the 
district. The insurence offices one 
and all shut up shop. People built 
slighter and slighter every day, un- 
til it was feared that the very science 
of architecture would in no long time 
b? lost to the world. Thus this 
custom of firing houses continued, 
till in process of time, says my 
manuscript, a sage arose, like, our 
lock who made a discovery, that the 
flesh of swine, or indeed of any other 
animal, might be cooked (burned, as 
they call it) without the necessity 
of consuming a whole house to 
dress it. Then first began the rude 
form of gridiron. Roasting by the 
string or spit came in a century or 
two later, I forget in whose dynas- 
ty. By such slow degrees, concludes 
the manuscript, do the most useful 
and seemingly the most obvious arts 
make their way among mankind. 

Without placing too implict faith 
in the account above given, it must 
be agreed, that if a worthy pretext 
for so dangerons an experiment as 
setting houses on fire (especially 



in these days) could be assigned in 
favor of any culinary object, that 

pretext an excuse might be found 
in Roast Pig. 

Before you start after something you want to find out whether it is 
greed or need that is sending you after it.— Exchange. 

Backlog Studies 

By Gins. Dudley V/arner 

I should like to know what heroism a boy in an old New England farm- 
house— rough—nursed by nature, and fed on the traditions of the old wars 
—did not aspire to. "John," says the mother, "you'll burn your head to 
a crisp in that heat." But John does nut hear; he is storming the Plains 
of Abraham just now. "Johnny, dear, bring in a stick of wood." How 

can Johnny bring in wood when he 
is in that defile with Braddock, and 
the Indians are popping at him from 
behind every tree? There is some- 
thing about a boy that I like, after 

The fire rests upon the broad 
hearth; the hearth rests upon a great 
substruction of stone, and the sub- 
struction rests upon the cellar. What 
supports the cellar I never knew, but 
the cellar supports the family. The 
cellar is the foundation of domestic 
comfort. Into its dark, cavernous 
recesses the child's imagination fear- 
fully goes. Bogies guard the bins 
of choicest apples I know not what 
comical spirites sit astride the cider 
barrels ranged along the walls. The 
feeble flicker of the tallow candle 
does not at all dispel, but creates 
illusions and magnifies all the rich 
possibilities of this underground 
treasure house. When the cellar 
door is open, and the boy begins to 
descend into the darkness, it is always 
with a heart beat as of one started 
upon some adventure. Who can 
forget the smell that comes hrough 
the open door,— a mingling tof fresh 

earth, fruit, exhaling delicious 
aroma, kitchen vegetables, the moldy 
odor of barrel, a sort of ancestral 
air, ---as if a door had been opened 
into an old romance. 

It is a temptation to a temperate 
man to become a sot, to hear what 
talent, what versatility, what genius 
is almost always attributed to a 
moderately bright man who !s habit- 
ully drunk. Such a mechanic, such 
a mathematician, such a poet, he 
would be if he were only sober; and 
then he is sure to be the most 
generous, magnanimous, friendly 
soul, conscientiously honorable, if 
he were not so conscientiously drunk. 
I suppose it is now notorious that the 
most brilliant and promising men 
have been lost to the world in this 
way. It is sometimes almost pain- 
ful to think what a surplus "f talent 
and genius there would be in the 
world if the habit of intoxication 
should suddenly cease; and what a 
slim chance there would be for the 
plodding people who have always 
had tolerably good habits. The fear 
is only mitigated by the observation 
that the reputation of a person for 



great talent sometimes ceases with 
his reformation. 

It is believed by some that the 
maidens who would make the best 
wives never marry, but remain free 
to bless the world with their impartial 
sweetness, and make it generally 
habitable. This is one of the mys- 
teries of Providence and New Eng- 
land life. It seems a pitv, at first 
sight, that all those who become 
poor wives have the matrimonial 
chance, ami that they are deprived 

of the reputation of those who 
would be good wives were they not 
set apart for the high and perpet- 
ual oifice of priestesses of society. 
There is no beauty like that which- 
was spoiled by an accident, no ac- . 
complishments and graces are so to 
be envied asthose that circumstances- 
rudely hindered the developement 
of. All of which shows what a 
charitable and good tempered world 
it is, notwithstanding its reputation 
for cynicism and detraction. 

The Turpentine Orchard 

When we think of an orchard, it is usually as an orchard of fruit trees;: 
or, if in the forest, as a grove of sugar maples producing =>ap and sugar. 
The turpentine orchard is just as much of an orchard, though of a very 
different kind. The turpentine orchard is an orchard of Southern pines; 
and "turpentining" is an industry of much importance in South Carolina, 

Both these surfaces combined are a 

Georgia, Florida, and some of the 
Gulf States farther west. The pro- 
duets of this orchard are what is 
known as "naval stores"---tar, pitch, 
rosin, and turpentine 

There are many methods of get- 
ting these valuable stores from the 
long-leaf pines which are the trees 
most used. One of the best methods 
now in use in the turpentine orchard 
is the "cup and gutter" system. 
In common with other methods, 
this is carried on in January and 

Two men, one right-banded, the 
other left-handed, go into the or- 
chard. They carry with them tvvo 
cornering axes, and together cut 
the bark on the tree. A few 
inches above the ground two 
flat surfaces are cut. The right- 
handed man cuts one, his partner 
the other, and the two men cut sev- 
eral hundred such surfaces in a day. 

little more than a foat wide. 

The next workman has a broadax 
for his tool. With it he makes two 
slanting cuts, one in each surface on 
the tree. One cut is a little lower 
than the other, and he places a gut- 
ter in each of them. The gutter is- 
of sheet iron, two inenes wide and 
nearly a foot in length. It is bent 
into the proper shape, two of them 
forming a spout, below which an 
earthenware cup is hung. 

Beginning in March, the surfaces 
over each cup are chipped once a 
week with a sharp tool called a 
"hack'' to keep up a good How of 
resin. The hack is drawn across the 
two surfaces in a slanting direction, 
cutting one V-shaped groove above 
another in the wood of the tree. 
From time to time the cups are emp- 
tied of their "dip." In the early 
autumn the resin which has harden- 


ed on the tree is also scraped off soon cooled by flowing water, and 

and collected. becomes a liquid. When these spi- 

The next season the cup and gut- rits of turpentine have been distil- 

ters are moved to the upper end of led, the malted rosin is run through 

last year's cut, and above it new a trough, then turned into barrels, 

surfaces are made. When the third where it quickly cools and hardens. 

or fourth season is reached, the gut- An acre of orchard, in three years' 

ters are removed from the cupped bleeding, will yield as much as eight 

trees. I hey are placed on new trees, hundred pounds of rosin and twen- 

-or perhaps the old tree maybe "'bled' ty-fivo gallons of turpentine, 

■again on another side. This goes on The pitch and tar produced by 

until tnere-is very little bark left on this industry found early use in the 

the lower part of the trunk. From Southern Colonies, and to-day these 

the tree, the crude product is taken naval stores are still of much imrjor- 

to the 'turpentine "still." Here tance. The rosin is used in making 

the crude rosin is boiled with water, soap, paper, oilcloth, printing ink, 

and the turpentine leaves it as a va- and medicines; the turpentine, for 

por. The vapor is caught in a coil paints and varnishes, 
•of tubes, or "worm" where it is 

ison Answers Questions On His Biitnday 

On February 11 Thomas Alva Edison celebrated the seventy-fifth anni- 
versary of his birthday by working in sh ip, by reading messages of con- 
gratulations from such men as President Harding, Charles M. Schwab, Sir 
Thomas Lipton, Henry Ford and other notables, and by answering a series 
of questions propounded in interview by certain newspaper reporters. 

Some of these answers are of un- beer and light wines and the placing 

usual popular interest. In answer upon these a tax to pay the bonus, 

to the question, Who is the greatest Edison with emphasis replied, 

man in the world? Mr. Edison re- "Every man with brains ought to 

plied: "I haven't met many men -- take a pledge to vote to make 

I don'c go to dinners and things I liquor impossiple.'' 
am always in the laboratory. I Ih the field of science Mr. Edison 

never saw him but once in my lite, says that the greatest developments 

but I liked L'eddy Roosevelt." within the last twelve months have 

When asked about Henry Ford, taken place in connection with radio- 

the great wizard answered: "He is activitv---especially the wireless 

a remarkable man in one sense and phone. 

in another he is not. I would not "The radio amplifier will continue 

vote for him for President, but as a to develope until we will be able to 

director of manufacturing or indus- hear ants talk, if they really do talk, 

trial enterprises I would vote for There is no limit to the possibili- 

him— twice." ties," he said. 

When asked about the return of "Great steps forward are being 



taken in the field of color photo- 
graphy. The time will come when 
the piate will be developed with the 
natural colors intact without the 
tinting, as is clone now," is a pro- 
phecy of Mr. Edison. 

Among the wireless messages 
received was one from the Westing- 
house plant which among other 
things contained the following sup- 
erb tribute to the great genius: 

"You have lighted our path in 
life; you have made it possible for 
us to communicate orally with our 
distant friends intantly; you have 

Institutional Notes. 

(Henry B. Faucette, Reporter.) 

Miss Z ill Fitzgerald, the daughter 
of Airs. Fitzgerald, house-keeper at 
No. 7, is spending a few days here. 

Messrs. W. M. Crooks f,nd G. H. 
Lawrence, accompainied by Henry 
Faucette, motored to Charlotte Sat- 
urday night to hear Sousa'sBand. 

The pumps have been running 
eantinnously for the past few days. 
On account of so much water being 
used, it is hard to kn.>p a tank full, 
although there is enough in ■ the 

From a recent Visit to the well- 
digger, th's reporter found that the 
depth ef 325 feet had been reached 
and some water had been struck. 
This is a line report. 

The new pump room, which is 
near the wash place, is now in a 
better condition. The concrete floor 
has been laid, the windows and doors 
are ready t> be put in and then it 
will be finished. 

put beautiful music in permissible 
form to soothe us in our troubles 
and cheer us in our joys; you have 
created the p^or man's theatre, 
which has afforded instruction, 
pleasure and enjoyment to untold 
millions of young and old; your in- 
ventions have helped to lighten the 
burdens of women in the drudgery 
of housework. Your work and in- 
ventions have brought incalculable 
comfort and happiness to mankind, 
and it is not too much to say that 
you are a benefactor to the human 
race."--- Advocate. 

Capt. Grier is organizing a base- 
hall team. A first and second nine 
have been organized. Last season 
our team made a fine showing. It is 
hope that they will break all of their 
previous records. 

The following boys received visits 
from home folks Wednesday: Homer 
Covington, Arthur Montgomery, 
James Suther and William Hatch. 
All were glad to see home foiks and 
talk with them; they enjoyed the 
day very much. 

Mr. R. B. Goer, foreman in the 
workshop, has been making flour and 
meal cabinets for cottages G and 7. 
Already one has been delivered to 
7th cottage. Malcolm Holman and 
Marion Butler are working on the 
cabinet that goes to 6th cottage. 

The printiug 00101- is gettmg out 
a job for the Y. M. C. A. of Con- 
cord. A little pamphlet to let the 
people know what the "Y" is doing. 
The printers have to hustle to get 
it out and The Uplift too, but the 
job won't have to be printed every 
week and that will give them time 


to catch up. Rev. J. F. Armstrong, of the 

Forest Hill Methodist Church of 

The morning school section is now Concord cnme out out and hd(1 ser 

too big to be drilled under one per- vice f,,r us Sunday afternoon. Be- 

son. Owing to this fact, Mr. John- f ore announcing his text, he told 

son had the boys assemble according the bnvs of thp condltjon of t)lL> h[ 

to their school rooms and out a boy east _ They Ww that they 

from each of these rooms in charge. j n nw< j. but not as much as Mr 

When you see these boys drill it Armstrong told tht , ni . Eeve , y b ' 

does you good. In step, every foot at the schoo ] wisnes to contribute 

is carried to the front at the same somethingi no matts?r how small, to 

tlme - these Suffering little on^s. After 

Ever body connected with the insti- a short talk of the far east he spoke 

tution is rejoiced over the fact that from the subject: "And he rose up, 

Mr. D. B. Coltrane. a member of the left all and followed Him." Every 

governing board and the treasurer body enjoyed the sermon. 

has come out from a very painful, ■ ■ ■-- 

if. not serious operation, both sue- HONOR ROLL. 
cesstully and in fine shape. At one 

time the reports from his bedside "^" 
were very alarming, but he'll soon 

be himself again. Victor Hio-h, Robert Pool, Chas. 

Mavo, James Honeycutt, Bertram 

. The Seventh Cottage, which was Hartl Floyd Huggins, James Shipo 

opened several weeks ago, has orga- Jack MeLclland, Swift Davis, Frank 

nized a literary society. The mem- Xhomason, Fitzhugh Miller, Doyle 

hers of this society decided to name j acksorii Hovle Faulkner, Murray 

it in honor of Supt. Bog»r, for his Evans> Allie Williams, Roy Baker, 

goodness and service to the Jackson W illiam Gregory. John Wright, 

Training School. They have started yVilliam Cook, William Hancock, 

out to make ever boy in that cottage Marshal ] Williams, Steve Mercer, 

a speaker. Success is wished by all L(?e RogcrSi H azen Ward, James 

the other Literary Societies of the Ford, Millard Gilbert, George Ever 

SchooL heart, Alvin Cook, Roy Caudill, Cle- 

The lawn in front of 1st, 2nd and burn Hale, Raymond Scott and Paul 

3rd were being worn down by the Green, Carlye Hardy, 

boys plajing foot ball, basket ball ,, R „ 
and such games. Therefore Mr. 

Boger had announced at the tree Magnus Wheeler, John Hughs, 
that the cottage lines preparatory Claude Coley, David Unrierwoud, 
to going into the cottages would be Walter Brockwell, Robt. F- rgnson, 
formed in front of the school build- Ralph Freeland, Lambert Cave- 
ing. It is a more central part of naugh, Albert Hill Arvel Absher, 
the school grounds. The lines in Elbert Perdue Marion But! r, Dud- 
going out to get in their proper ley Pangle, Vass Fields, Homer Co?- 
sections, however, still go to the ington, Aubiey Weaver, Loyd Win- 
tree, ner, Henry Reece, James Watts, 


Chas. Bishop, Sylvester Sims, Gar- pendents. He reasoned that the 

land Banks, Albert Keever, Jake people had looked unmoved while the 

Willatd, Dohme Manning, John Hill, kmg, the nobles and the priest had 

Thomas Oglesby, Forrest Byers, teen led to the guillotine, and they 

Murphy Jones, John Morrison. John were not likely to object if cats and 

Kemp, Herbert Orr, Joseph Pope, dog were included in the general 

Edger Sperling, Jack O'neil, Craw- slaughter. 

ford Poplin, Robert Holland, John But he had guessed wrong. Their 

Branch.jGharlie Jackson, waiter Mc- affection was deep and warm for the 

Neil, G. Mercer. Avery Roberts, animals who had shared their rnea- 

Herbert Apple, Connie Lowman, ger fare and who had repaid them 

Charlie Lisk, Walter Taylor, Chas. with faithful atFection. A murmur 

Rothrock.and Rufus Wivnn. of resentment at Santerre's edict 

sweep like a wave over the land, 
gathering force as it went. The 

They Stayed people were in an ugly mood. The 

jj7[n the troubled days that followed newspapers took up their cause and 

che French Revolution, M. Santerre heaped scorching ridicule upon the 

was Commandant cf the National commandant. Santerre found him- 

Guard. He was a cold, stern man, self beaten; he withdrew the obnox- 

and looked on all household pets ious decree, and the French peasant 

with positive aversion. He felt that was left in undisturbed possession of 

the time had come to rid the country the cat or dog that looked to him for 

of these useless and expensive de- its supoorc— Exchange. 




■~] Fl 

3 l± ii 


Issued Weekly-Subscription $2.00 



CONCORD, N. C, MARCH 11, 1922 

NO. 13 

Squandeimq T 

quanueiiiKj lime ana ivioney 

The Congregationalist gives the following inci- 
dent: "One day last winter (1907) a wealthy wo- 
man spent forty thousand dollars on a dinner in 
one of the swell hotels up town. While the do- 
ings were going on inside, a policeman outside 
was approached by a thinly clad woman with a 
baby in her arms, who asked him for help. The 
big cop looked at her baby and said in his gruff 
voice: 'Why, your baby is dead.' With a shriek 
the woman collapsed. The policeman sent her and 
her dead baby to the station house in the patrol 
wagon. The baby had starved to death." The 
selfish and extravagant use of money is causing 
that picture to be repeated in many places. Men 
and women spend their money extravagantly for 
pleasuse while, not far from them, are families in 
destitute circumstances. Plenty of money for auto- 
mobiles, fine clothing, travel, and pleasure; but 
only a pitlance for those great general causes that 
seek to relieve suffering and starvation; for the 
advancement of agencies for the betterment of 
conditions and manking; and for making the world 
really better by having lived in it. 



I r. 








Between the South and Washington and Flew York 




>ou t h boil nc 

No. 3G 

No. P9 

No. 33 

No. 30 



Terminal Station (Ctnt. Timt 


Nn. 29 

No. 37 

N«v 137 

No. 35 



4.59 PM 




4.00 PM 


Peachlrcc Slat ion [Cent. Time 


1 0.55AM 

5 J -3 PM 


9.35 PM 


GREENVILLE. S. C.(Eaat. Time 

I Iv 

7.00 AM 





10.40 PM 





1. oPM 










9.30 AM 








9- 20 AM 

3. 1 0AM 


11.20 PM 

? 23AM 


Hi.;S. Point. N. C. 





6.27 PM 


lo.r r.M 

11. 41PM 

1 .it AM 




12. 1 SAM 



5.58 PM 

2.40 PM 

3 ". 'AM 
4.00 AM 

9.00 AM 



Wtnr'on-Sal-m, Ni. C. 



5.30 AM 






•Raleigh, N. C. 


7.00 PM 




1 00AM 

5.04 AM 




10.52 PM 

6.10 AM 

5.05 AM 


9. GUAM 



Norfolk, Va. 


7.35 AM 

5.30 PM 

6.30 PM 





Richmond, Va. 







2. 1 GAM 

3. 10AM 





9.00 PM 




11.00 PM 

7.40 AM 

8.40 AM 







9.50 PM 

9.00 AM 

1. 50 AM 

9.05 AM 

10. 05 AM 

2.00 PM 


BALTMORE. MO., Penna. Sys. 


1.53 PM 

9.30 PM 












5.47 PM 




12 35PM 


ft r 





5. 3 5 PM 



1.30 PM 




NEW YORK, Penna. System 







No.. J7 *nd 54. NEW YORK & NEW ORLEANS LIMITED. Solid Pullman tr«n. Drawln ( room .tateroom ilcapina. c.r. b 
N.-- Orlaalts. Montgomery. Allsnts, Wa.hmrlon jnd N«w YorW. '.W<»| c»/ nodhbounJ Ul<n<n XtU-ta and Richmond. D.n.. 
Dubur. 1 ry-Ob..rvaticnci.r. Nacosthr*. 

N™. 137 & 1 J3. ATLANTA SPECIAL Rr.-inr ream *l«*p-n» can fc*t~«n Mm»n. Columbus. Allint*. Washington and Na» 
WaahiRltan'5an louri.t i!ttp.n ( or southbound. D>n,n f tar. Coa<h«. 

No.. 29 & 10. BIRMINGHAM SPECIAL "»™ ilr.pnf cam batwt-n Bi'minjS.m. Atlanta. W..htn C ton and N.- 
San FrsncMeo-Waihinglcn touri.t ilerpmf car northbound, blnpoii i*r twl«r:n Pich...cnd and Alla'ita southbound. Obianai. 
D.nimc.r. CoscHm. 

Not. 35 & 16. NEW YORK. WASHINGTON. ATLANTA & NEW ORLEANS EXPRESS. Dr.-.nj room ale-pini cars b*t-« 
Oil. an.. Montjom.rv, a,rmln,hafn. Atlanta Stld W..h.n t t n snd Naw York. D.n.n. <.r. Coach.a. 

Nota: Nas. 29 and JO uu rVachlrr. Strut Station only .1*. 

Nola; Train No. 123 connect. .1 W.ih.n.tor, with "COLONIAL EXPRESS." rhrGu s ti train to Bo.lon .i* Hall C.U BrWgt W..K:njlon 8 IS A. M. via Ptnn. Sy.trm. 


\\ *^j0r *** The Doubls Tracked Trunk Line Between Atlanta, Ga. ,:nJ Washington, D. C. \*TZ0^ 


..-■.. . . -■..i-T-.^-y^i 

^SZ2S U ?KSE3' 

le Upllf 



The Authority of the Stonewall Jackson Manual Training and Industrial 

School. Type-setting by the Boy's Printing Class. Subscripton 

Two Dollars the year in Advance. 

JAMES P. COOK, Editor, J. C. FISHER, Director Printing Department 

Entered as sccond-elass matter Dec. 4, 1920, at the Post Office at Concord, 

N. C. under Act of March 3, 1870. 



Here and therein different quarters uf the state fun, and even criticism, 
has been offered for Govenor Morrison's new campaign in which he seeks 
to arouse the farmers to a greater production of food stuffs, by way of 
more gardening, keeping cows and hogs. It is claimed that this is not a 
new idea, that it has been exploited more than fifty years ago. 

I,et us be sensible about this matter. All these claims may be true, and 
are true; but the fact unquestionably exists that the people are not doing 
as much of this home-providing as they should and would find reasonably 
profitable. This writer is not commissioned to lefend Gov. Morrison, but 
it does recognize in him a man of great ability and one with a courage to 
tackle any job in which he believes and by which he feels that he can ac- 
complish something. Tint we have had a Board of Agriculture arid local 
and county organizations whose efforts have been devoted to this very thing, 
is no reason why Governor Morrison, recognizing the need for a great im- 
provement and increased licks, should not throw his power and that of his 
great office behind this campaign. 

In charge of this campaign he has placed John Paul Lucas, an expert 
advertising man. Strength and success to him. 

Fifty years ago this writer saw coming into a village daily, in the midst 
of what may have been regarded a thrifty neighborhood, with good lands 
and a good citizenship, on the average one big box of western side-meat. 
Nearly every countryman, in coming from a store, had a strip of that aw- 
ful stuff the West was cramming down the throats of our people. About 
this time the Grange began to advocate keeping the corn-crib and the 
"smo'.ehouse" at home; and in less than four years the people were rais- 


ing- their own corn and meat, and had some of each to "spare; and they are 
■doing that very thing to this very day. Tnat was the direct result of agi- 
tation, propaganda, reason. And those people came into their own; and 
to-day precious little of this highly impregnated chemically seasoned stuff 
finds its way into that section. Glory be! 

Go to it, Governor Morrison, you are on the right track. And if you can 
devise some means by which the management of the public schools may he 
restored to the people at home, the rural folks will rise U|j to bless you. 



The UPLIFT is beholden to Airs. 1). A. Garrison, of Gastonia, Cols. 
Wood, of Asheboro, and Boyden, of Salisbury, and a sccre of others for 
very encouraging endorsements during the past week. Out of these many 
fine expressions of appreciation of the make-up and contents of THE Uplift, 
there was just one slight discordant note and that 'came from a delightful 
gentleman, who felt that his chief is misunderstood. Oh, no; when great 
causes that affect very vita'ly the interests of the people are being unwisely 
handled or not handled at all, the great thing itself and not the vanity of 
or pride of opinion of the individual is the object and subject of the con- 
sideration. There are some folks so self-centered that their purpose is to 
magnify themselves rather than their jobs --but it has always been thus, 
-and will continue so as long as man is human. 

DR. C. H. WILEY IN 1855 

Dr. C. H. Wiley, the first superintendent of the Common Schools of this 
state, said in, 1855, what has been said w ; th more or less truth every de- 
•cade since, that "the progress of general education in North Carolina, for 
■the last few years, every thing considered, has been very remarkable, and 
almost without a parallel." 

This is taken from the "preliminary remarks" in the Third North Caro- 
lina Reader. And it continues: According to the Census of 1840, there 
were then in the state 2 colleges, 141 accademies and grammar-schools, and 
■632 primary schools of all kinds. There were at school in colleges, 158 
.scholars; in academies 4,398; in primary schools, 14,937; in all 19,493 

Making reference to the statistics of a period fifteen years later Dr. 
A\iley says: "About this time the common-schools ystem went into opera- 


lion liiicl now, while the population has increased but little, our education- 
al statistics are as follows: We have five colleges", and one other in progress; 
7 female colleges, and several others in progress; at least 200 academies 
and grammer-schools, and about 3,000 primary scho >ls." This in itself, 
is a wonderful growth at a period when the so-called average citizen 
was nor a friend of public education, feeling that this thin? we call educa- 
tion belongs to a special and favored class. 

From the same source, Dr. Wiley, in 1855, writes "the common schools 
are becoming more an 1 m ire effi :i vat --the c >urse of stu lies in them is be- 
coming more thorough, and the standard (if teachers is- being elevated, 
while the public are learning more and more to respect and appreciate 
this great system." That was written sixty-seven yeais ago, an 1 sounds very 
much like whac we lead in a private litter.a fe.v days ago'in speaking of 
the present day schools. 


The North Carolina schools are reciuested by State Supt. Brooks to ob- 
serve March 17th as the Gorgas Memorial Day. Dr. Gorgas is remember- 
ed as "Physician to the World," for through him and his superb direction 
yellow fever and malaria were eliminated in Panama and Cuba. At Tus- 
caloosa, Alabama, there is to be fostered a school as a memorial to Dr. 
Gorgas and specially for the training of sanitary engineers and public 
nurses to assist county health organizations. Dr. Brooks in his statement 
recognizes the importance of the county health organizations and their 
work, and he very easily and wisely could have advised his county boards 
to lend financial aid to heroic efforts of maintaining the all-time Health 
nurses, as is being done in Wake and other counties in accordance with his 
printed instructions in the School-law of 1919, page 117, paragraph 11. 

In his requests to the school supcrintendts to honor the memory of the 
late General William Crawford Gorgas, Dr. Brooks further says: 

"A program consisting of articles by students of the schools on Gen- 
eral Gorgas' work in eliminating yellow fever and malaria in Cuba and 
Panama, the growth of preventive medicine, health and sanitation in 
the State of North Carolina, emphasising the great saving in lives ef- 
fected by the State Health Depertment; the plan of the Gorgas memori- 
al institute, both in the field of research at Panama and the School of 
Sanitation at Tuscaloosa, and the benefits which will accrue by train- 
ing men and women to become health officers, sanitary engineers and 
inspectors, and public health nurses for tne county health organiza- 


tions. This will be the particular function of the Gorgas School of 
Sanitation— will be presented on Gorgas Memorial Day. 

The contest which Dr. Campbell, of Norwood, made against Congress, 
man Dough ton for his seat in Congress, has been decided unanimously by 
the committee in favor of Mr. Doughton. Thus ends a little excitement in 

which the people of the 8th district did not take on their usually interest I 

1 1 

The exhibition of a leadership that brings about such educational results' 
as that coming out from a rural section of Person County, told of on 
another pnge, ought to be an inspiration to other to make a move, a trial- 
it should be at least somewhat awakening. 


That's mighty interesting and instructive reading that Mr. Clark places! 
before us this week under the title, "Fitness for jury service." 


It happened that a Dog had got a piece of meat and was carry- 
ing it home in his mouth to eat in peace. Now on his way home 
he had to cross a plank lving across a running brook. As he cross- 
ed, he looked down and saw his own shadow reflected in the water 
beneath. Thinking it was another dog with another piece of meat, 
he made up his mind to have that also. So he made a snap at the 
shadow in the water, but as he opened his mouth the piece of meat 
fell out, dropped into the water and was never seen more. 




Losing Self In Service 

It is a good sign when we become so absorbed in what we are trying to 
do to help others that we forget all about our own petty desires. A rich bank- 
er discovered that other men were getting a lot of pleasure out of giving real 
money to help people less fortunate than themselves. He could not fathom 

the mystery of it for he had always he was giving his money to assise 
looked on keeping money and watch- where there was real need, his own 
ingitgrow as the highest type of joy- wealth was not decreasing. Besides 
getting. But, as the others persisted there came to him a rich discovery 
and thrived under their generous that after all the real pleasures for 
giving, he decided to put it to the life are not in the abundance of the 
test. He helped a struggling mission things which he possessed, but in the 
pay off its mortgage and then he ar- lives he had touched with brightness 
ranged to have a -crippled newsboy and uplift. In losing his life for the 
sent to a specialist to be cured. The service of others he was truly finding 
banker forgot about his selfish de- it, and when he realized the richness 
signson making money when he sunk of his find he saw that what his old 
himself into the service of a needy life had hugged as a source of corn- 
church and a needy boy. That fort could not be compared with the 
was losing self in the right way. happinessof his new life of service. 
While he was doing for others his To lose self in service is not a hard- 
own work was not neglected. While ship; it is a privilege.— Selected 

"The friends we gain by currying favor we have to hold by the same 

Unmeasured Compensations 


A young man who, upon graduating from the university, had taken a 
professorship in a small Christian college, was twitted by his brother, a 
prosperous business man, upon the meager salary he was receiving. 

"It is a shame, Jim," he declared, "here you are with your university 

and poastgraduate degrees, working life values in dollars and cents. But 

at a starvation salary, hardly able to I know that there are some that 

make ends meet, while I, who have can't be measured that way." Then 

nothing but a highschool education he added enthusiasically: "I would 

and a course in a business college, not give up my job for all the bank 

could buy and sell you a dozen accounts in the world! You know 

times over. It dosen't look right." how devoted I have bean to astron- 

"It doesn't, Charley," affirmed omy ever since we were boys in high 

the professor, "if you measure all school together. Now, when I sit 



with my eye to the telescope, as I 
do hour af cer hour, and look into 
the awful sky gulfs that yawn ab ut 
me, or catch a silver fragment of 
some far-off planet within its field, 
I really live. I couldn't be happy 
anywhere else. There are compen- 
sations in the work 1 care for that 
no money could buy." 

The world is so accustomed to 
measuring values by monetary 
standards or in terms of dollar? and 
cents that it finds itself incapable of 
arriving at a proper conception of 
values in any other way. 

But there are values of this kind. 
The scientific man, busy in h's labor- 
atory, watching with bated breath 
the outcome of his latest experiment, 
knows it. The artist, working with 
feverish enthusiam at the picture 
before him till his whole soul is car- 
ried away with the beauty of the 
dream he sees dawning upon the 
canvas, knows it. There are men in 
every community who have learned 
to appraise life values in some other 
way than in terms of dollars and 
cents. Moreover, they enrich their 
communities in their own way, quite 
as match as does he whose standard 
is purely monetary. 

There are Christians who need to 
take this lesson to heart. What if 

some of us have sacrificed our liopj 
of more material gain for some. less material, and therefore 
something considered by the world 
less practical? We know better! 
We know that he who lives to teach 
others how to live is not throwing 
his own life away. We know 
that luve and truth and gen- 
erosity and sympathy anil for- 
giveness are real things, just as real 
as are bank accounts and stocks and 
bonds and fine houses and rich ap- 
parel. Indeed, they will endure 
after bank accounts and line homes 
have crumbled and disappeared for- 

It must have been these peculiar 
rewards and compensations that (he 
apostle Paul had in mind when he 
wrote of "Things eye saw nor, ar.d 
ear heard not. 

And which entered not into the 
heart of man. 

Whatsoever things God prepared 
for them that love him." 

He was not speaking of the re- 
wards of Heaven, as many imagine, 
when he said this; he was speaking 
of the blessings that may be found 
right here and now by all who will 
take Christ at His word and enter 
fully and deeply into that life He 
offers to us. 

The teacher was talking of Niagara Falls. "The falls are slowly wear- 
ing back toward Buffalo, and in the course of some two hundred thousand 
years they will wash away Erie." 

One of the girls in the classroom began to cry and the teacher askei 
what the trouble was. 

"Oh," wa.iled the girl, "my sister lives in Erie!" 



Losing Self In Service 

It is a good sign when we become so absorbed in what we are trying to 
do to help others that we forget all about uur own petty desires. A rich bank- 
er discovered that other men were getting a lot of pleasure out of giving real 
money to help people less fortunate than themselves. He could not fathom 

the mystery of it for he had always he was giving his money to assist 
looked on keeping money and watch- where there was real need, his own 
ing it grow as the highest type of joy- wealth was not decreasing. Besides 
getting. But, as the others persisted there came to him a rich discovery 
and thrived und^r their generous that after all the real pleasures for 
giving, he decided to put it to the life are not in the abundance of the 
test. He helped a struggling mission things which he possessed, but in the 
pay off its mortgage and then he ar- lives he had touched with brightness 
ranged to have a crippled newsboy and uplift. In losing his life for the 
sent to a specialist to be cured. The service of others he was truly finding 
banker forgot about his selfish de- it. and when he realized the richness 
signson making money when he sunk of his find he saw that what his old 
himself into the service of a needy life had hugged as a source of com- 
church and a needy boy. That fort could not be compared with the 
was losing self in the right way. happinessof hisnewlife of service. 
While he was doing for others his To lose self in service is not a hard- 
own work was not neglected. While ship; it is a privilege.— Selected 

"The friends we gain by currying favor we have to hold by the same 

Unmeasured Compensations 


A. young man who, upon graduating from the university, had taken a 
professorship in a small Christian college, was twitted by his brother, a 
prosperous business man, upon the meager salary he was receiving. 

"It is a shame, Jim," he declared, "here you are with your university 

and poastgraduate degrees, working life values in dollars and cents. But 

at a starvation salary, hardly able to I know that there are some that 

make ends meet, while I, who have can't be measured that way." Then 

nothing but a highschool education he added enthusiasically: "I would 

and a course in a business college, not give up my job for all the bank 

could buy and sell you a dozen accounts in the world! You know 

times over. It dosen't look right." how devoted I have bean to astron- 

'It doesn't, Charley," affirmed omy ever since we were boys in high 

the professor, "if you measure all school together. Now, when I sit 


with my eye to the telescope, as I some of us have sacrificed our hope 

do hour after hour, and look into of more material gain for some. 

the awful sky gulfs that yawn abjut thing less material, and therefore | 

me, or catch a silver fragment of something considered by the world 

some far-off planet within its field, less practical? We know better! | 

I really live. I couldn't be happy We know that he who lives to teach 

anywhere else. There are compen- others how to live is not throwing 

sations in the work 1 care for that his own life away. We know 

no money could buy." that love and truth ami gen- 

The world is so accustomed to erosity and sympathy and for. 

measuring values by monetary giveness are real things, just as real 

standards or in terms of dollar? and as are bank accounts and stocks and 

cents ttiat ir finds itself incapable of bonds and tine houses and rich an- 

arriving at a proper conception of pare). Indeed, they will endure 

values in any other way. after bank accounts and fine homes 

But there are values of this kind, have crumbled and disappeared for- 

The scientific man, husy in h's labor- ever. 

atory, watching with bated breath It must have been these peculiar 

the outcome of his latest experiment, rewards and compensations that the 

knows it. The artist, working with apostle Paul had in mind when he 

feverish enthusiam at the picture wrote of "Things eye saw nor, and 

before him till his whole soul is car- ear heard not. 

ried away with the beauty of the And which entered not into the I 

dream he sees dawning upon the heart of man. 

canvas, knows it. There are men in Whatsoever things God prepared ' 
every community who have learned for them that love him." 
to appraise life values in some other He was not speaking of the re- 
way than in terms of dollars and wards of Heaven, as many imagine, 
cents. Moreover, they enrich their when he said this; he was speaking 
communities in their own vray, quite of the blessings that may be four.d 
as irwuch as does he whose standard right here and now by all who will 
is purely monetary. take Christ at His word and enter 

There are Christians who need to fully and deeply into that life He 

take this lesson to heart. What if offers to us. 

t i 

The teacher was talking of Niagara Falls. "The falls are slowly wear- 
ing hack toward Buffalo, and in the course of some two hundred thousand 
years they will wash away Erie." 

One of the girls in the classroom hegan to cry and the teacher asked 
what the trouble was. 

"Oh," wailed the girl, "my sister lives in Erie!" 


North Carolina History And Romance. 

Recently an hour was spent in glancing through the old North Carolina 
Header, III, prepared by Dr. Wiley, the father of the Common Schools in 
North Carolina, the said readers having been issued in 1851. A copy of 
this must interesting reader was handed us by Mr. Watt Barringer, a 

unique and at the same time a most 
excellent citizen of Cabarrus county. 
That was a delightful hour, and the 
belief could not be overcome that 
were our children given more read- 
ing matter pitched on subjects which 
this North Carolina Reader re- 
cognizes and honors they would be- 
come not only better citizens but 
decitlely mure patriotic North Caro- 

Our readers will recall that Will- 
iam Dtummond was the first Gover- 
nor of North Carolina, or to be ex- 
act "the governor of the county of 
Albemarle in th2 provience of Caro- 
lina." If we read aright the little 
that is known of Governor Drum- 
nrjnd, he had much of the spirit of 
Patrick Henry and as such could 
not long fellowship with Sir Will- 
iam Berkely, who appointed him 
governor in April 1G63. 

Gov. Drummond's life had a 
tragic closing. He had much to do 
with what is termed in history as 
"Bacon's Rebellion." After the 
close of that rebellion, Gov. Drum- 
mond was apprehended and brought' 
before Berkely, "who, in the lan- 
guage of lacerated pride, insultingly 
bade him weicome death." Dium- 
mond proudly avowed the part he 
Played in that rebellion; and he was 
tried at one o'clock on the twentieth 
of May, 1679 (one hundred and four 
years prior to that other important 
-Qth) and hang at four o'clock on 
the same day. "J'hus, this brave 
R nd extraordinary man breathed his 

last in mid-air suspended." 

But his name is perpetuated by a 
beautiful lake in the Dismal Swamp, 
Its wild beauty makts it a place of 
intense interest, this Drummond 
Lake. There is no more exciting 
trip to be taken than through this 
Lake in the springtime. It is said 
that tc pass through this lake one 
must be ever on the alert to dodge 
limbs encircled with all kinds of 
snakes, which, relied up and wound 
about in coils, in affection or in dead- 
ly combat, often drop down into a 
passing boat. 'I he lake used to be 
a great courting resort but since 
the snakes and other man despising 
creatures have so largely increased 
the courting couples have changed 
t:> other resorts and to other means. 
But Lake Drummond remains, for 
all time, the reminder of the first 
governor of Carolina. 

Quoting from this old North Caro- 
lina Reader, "it is the same roman- 
tic lakelet which forms the theme 
of one of Moore's most chaste and 
affecting poems, which we subjoin. 
The subject of the poem is as follow- 
ers: 1 hoy tell of a young man who 
lost his mind on the death of a girl 
he loved, and who, suddenly disap- 
pearing from his friends, was never 
heard of afterwards. As he had 
frequently said, in his ravings, that 
she was not dead, but going to the 
Dismal Swamp, it is supposed he 
had wandered into that dreary wil- 
derness, and had died of hunger, 1 or 
been lost in seme of its dreadful 


morasses. . "Oh! when shall I see the dusky,. 

They marie her a grave too cold and A J ^ wh;tu canoe Qf my ^^ r, 

damp o ' i 

For a soul so warm and true; He saw the lake, a meteor bright r 

And she's gone to the Lake of the Quick over its surface play 'd- -,. 

Dismal Swamp, "Welcome/' he said, "my dear one's s 

Where all night long, by a fire-fly light!" p j 

1 ain p, ^- t,c ' the dim shore echoed, for many | 

She paddled her white canoe. a night, 

The name of the death- cold maid! '• 

And her fire- fly lamp I soon sha 

Till he hollowe'd a boat of the birch- 

And her paddle I soon shall hear; en-bark. 

Long and loving our life shall be, Which carried him off from shore; 

And I'll hide the maid in a cypress- For he followed the meteor spark: 

tree, The wind was high and the cloud.; 

When the footstep of death is were darn, 

near. And the boat return'd no more. 

Away to the Dismal Swamp he But oft, from the Indian hunter's 

speeds— camp. 

His path was rugged and sore, This lover and maid so true 

Through tangled juniper, beds of Are seen, at the hour of midnight 

reeds, damp 

Through many a fen, where the scr- To cross the 'ake with a fire-fly lamp, 

pent feeds, And paddle their white canoe! 

And man never trod before. 

, . , , , , , Continuing, this interesting o!d 

And when on the earth he sank to Raadpr records ^ ■• Ce]ebratedai 

,, , p ; ,. ,.,-, is this clear lake by this heart-affect- 

If slumber his eyelids knew, . association, it is soubly so in re- 

He lay where the deadly vine doth {aining {he honor(?d nam? rf ^ 

,. v ,-ii Carolina's first governor. A polished 

Its venomous tear, and night v steep ■ ... •,, ,, , .;„ f „_. 

rr, a . ... ... . . , mirror, it will ever reflect his fame 

the flesh with blistering dew. • , • , . .. , , ,„„„, 

fe in rays as bright as the dew-drops 

And neai him the she-walf stirr'd that weep on its own crystal bosom; 

the brake, and long after, quarto and folio shall 

And the copper-snake breated in have been cankered by the consura- 

his ear, ing woim, will that still water mur- 

Till he starting cried, from his dream mur gentle cadence in echo to the 

awake, association of the past." 

Take care that the face which looks out from your mirror in the morning 
is a pleasant face. You may not see it again all day, hut others will.'— Fire- 



Technically Trained vs Nondescript. 


Jfondcseript means a, thing that no name quite describes. We find nonde- 
script fruit, vegetables, grain and many other things, and in each easo it means 
it is away below the standard. This definition we finally apply it to men, 
and occasionally to boys — nondescripts able to do several things, but do 
none very well, and excel nowhere. These conditions come about, in the human 
family, most generally, from two main causes, namely: lack of ability of par- 
ents to provide an occupation for a boy, either by carelessness or by making 

the ability to specify and know why; 
and be able to tell why this or that 
piece of timber must be of a given 
size to hold a given load. , How much 
a given structure will hold up. The 
ability to take down and put up a 
machine and tell what each part is 
for, how it acts and why. And what 
applies to the mechanical world ap- 

him a " Jaek-at-all-trades, good-at— 

none." A few boys are bom delin- 
quents, sorry by nature, but they are 
rare, and most of them can be made 
men if properly treated, and made in- 
terested in something real. In fact 
most boys of sound mind at some time, 
want an occupation. Boys dream as 
veil as men, and if allowed to choose 
what they like to do, with proper help plies to the natural. If a boy expects 

and encouragement will become pro- 

The writer recalls two boys that 
have come near to maturity that are 
full second class nondescripts. They 
do nothing well, but can work some at 
many things; and I would lay this 
to the lack of care and interest on the 
part of father and mother. They have 
been allowed to quit any work 'under- 
taken at will, and one of their happi- 
est times is when tied up with a 
"Wild Bill" novel. Nondescripts— 
we find them all too often. 

Aside from character that can 
stand the pitfalls that are gaping 
wide for every boy who reaches his 
teens, there is nothing equal to 
technical training to cause him to 
stand up strong. Do you understand 
the real meaning of that term ? Tech- 
nical training means the ability to 
draw a plan of r* house, a mill, a 
bridge and build one by that drawing; 

to till the soil it is equally important 
that he have the ability to know soil 
and what makes it produce. The 
action of moisture and heat, ami 
many other important technical things 
if lie would he proficient and come 
to the front. 

Many and many a man has failed 
to score distinction for the lack of 
technical training. He is a good 
fellow, he knows much, but he never 
puts all his power in any one thing, 
hence he lacks something and never 
makes what the world calls a success. 

The time at which we should take 
up the work of a life depends upon 
just two tilings: If we are able to 
get a college education, the selection 
can safely he deferred. It is educa- 
tion that makes leaders. One can 
select his life work as he goes 
through college and study to it, or he 
may wait; for education broadens 
ones scope so much that an early 


selection might seem small to the that is they went to ashop or a h, : . 

ambition that comes with knowledge. tory to learn that work- for his keep, 

If on the other hand we know that and for a term of years. Most of 

we cannot have the college training them made men. When this writer 

(1 wish all boys could) as a founda- first knew Salem, the twin of Wins- 

tion, then the sooner, in reason, we ton, which was settled by what was 

select our vocation the better. called Dutch, most of the boys were 

Fortuntely those who know have apprentices or sons of apprentices, 

written books, from which we may and a finer citizenship few towns 

know much of whr.t the college man ever had. These boys were happy; 

gets, ami one may, at least, become their surroundings were pure, and they j 

highly proficient in his work without studied as well as worked. In short 

the training that he would get at made men, real men whom the cheap 

college, and be a reivl expert in his "passing show'' did not appeal to. j 

line. If I had to select just one thin;;, and 

There is little reason for a boy's not only one thing I could do for Mic few 

having a trained vocation it he will years yet allotted me here, for lb 

only try. In fact the boy who wants good of humanity, I feel that I would 

it bad enough can work his way put in the balance my time lielpicgj 

through college, and be all the better boys to get an education; and placing 

for it . Many leaders of the nation them in possessor! of an occupation 

have done that. The world will bow to that would support them in good 

ability in all places. citizenship, and teaeh them that the 

For hundreds of years before our man who works is happy, is content, 

modern times, all the middle class and that "contenment is a pearl of 

boys, not rural, were apprenticed, that great price.'' 

A teacher in the fourth grade recently asked the class in geography, 
"It'hat is the use of the sun?" A little hoy whose mother was a washer- 
woman impatiently waved his little arm. The teacher, noting his anxiety 
to answer, said, "George, what is it?" "To dry clothes," was the reply. 

How Two North Carolina Boys Prospered in Texas, 

Except for the tine authority behind this story, how two Person county hoys 
went west fifteen years ago and established 'hemsclvcs it would be askir?tM 
much of a fellow from Missouri to nut credence in it 

This stoi-y that comes out from Temple, a Texas town with less than one t lion- 
sand inhabitants, concerns two brothers Bob and Otho Mooney, who were bora 

and reared in Person c unity, North of Roxborb , passes the interesting 

Carolina. It is a story of pluck, en- story along, manifesting a commend- 

ergy, faith in themselves and faith in able pride in the stuff they used is 

the possibilities that the world offers his "diggins" in making successfal 

to industry and honesty. Mr. Xoell, men. 



]!ul rend what conies out from tee 
present home-place of the Jfoonev 
hoys : 

"Yon can buy a spool of thread, ;> 
suit of clothes, lumber to build a 
house — or a carload of jackrabbits — 
at the biggest small town store in 
America. The store is the B. & 0. 
Casb Store, owned by Bob and Otlio 
Jlooney of Temple, who took in over 
their counters here' in 1021 the neat 
sum of $1,500,000.00. 

And this week, to celebrate the cli- 
max of one of tlie most believable 
merchandising romances in the his- 
tory of the southwest, the. Jlooney 
brothers are to open as up-to-date 
store as any to be found in Oklahoma 
City, Dallas, Kansas City or other 
large city. 

New Building Large. 

The new building' has a frontage of 
ll(j feet. It is constructed of rein- 
forced concrete, and is furnished with 
specially-built showcases a,nd equip- 
ment. It also boasts of a pneumatic 
cash-carrying system, which the manu- 
facturer declares is equal to any sys- 
tem to be found in the United States. 
The building and fixtures cost ap- 
proximately $250,000. 

The latest addition to the B. & O. 
store makes the establishment now 
the occupant of an entire city block. 
It is said to cover more ground than 
any other mercantile establishment in 
the southwest. 

There is inspiration a plenty in the 
story how the two Jlooney brothers 
have built this huge establishment in 
the short space of fifteen years. It 
was in 1007 that the Jlooney brothers 
came to Temple, looking for an op- 
portunity to go into business. They 
became acquainted with the owner of a 

small grocery store, who offered to 'sell 
to them. The brothers, however, had 
no money, but eventually they per- 
suaded the owner to sell to them on 
credit. The former owner go; his- 
money out of the business by adopting; 
the simple expedient of taking the con- 
tents of the cash register every night 
until he had received the purchase 
price of $1,300. Then he disappeared. 

Business is Varied. 

At this time Temple had only about 
500 inhabitants. Today it has slightly 
less than 1,000, yet from the humble 
start of fifteen years ago, the Jlooneys 
have developed a business which ha3 
brought them nation-wide advertising. 
And 75 percent of this business is 
drawn from a radius of less than 100> 
miles. The remaining 25 percent rep- 
resents mail orders for the B. & O. 
Cash store has regular customers in 
almost every state in the Union and 
in Alaska, Cuba ami other far-away 
lands as well. 

To give an idea of the scope of 
the institution, it may be cited that 
the B. & O. store had sold complete 
furnishings for more tha.n 100 hotels 
in the last year — beds, rugs, china, 
cutlery, linen furniture and every- 
thing. One of the largest hotels in' 
Oklahoma City bought its entire equip- 
ment in Temple. 

Jackrabbits Ordered. 
Only a short time ago an order was 
received from Pennsylvania for a car- 
load of jackrabbits. The order speci- 
fied that each rr«bbit must be shot 
neatly through the head, frozen and 
placed in a refrigerator car. The next 
day saw hunters armed with rifles 
out on the prairies near Temple on 
the lookout for "lack." The B. & 0. 


stores, like the Royal Northwest item of its purchases from neighbor- 
Mounted Police, "always makes ing farmers. Tt buys and has ware- 
' good." houses to store produce, hides, wool 
NTot only dues the store sell sup- and fur, as well as other kinds of 
plies in immense quantities, but it is a farm products. And it has sold as 
large buyer as well. During the last many as four carloads of furniture in 
year the Moouey brothers bought lit- one week, 
teen carloads of pecans as one small 

Mark Twain, whose real name, as you all know, was Samuel Clemens, 
<, when a hoy went to school in Hannibal, Mo. "The schoolmaster once set 
the class to writing a. composition on 'The result of laziness.' At the end 
of the hour young Clemens handed in as his composition a blank slate." 


"It's easy enough to go running smooth, but a smile in the time of 
trouble is hke sunshine after rain: always welcome and helpful." 


A definite start is being made this week in the work of putting over Gover- 
nor Cameron Morrison's "Live at Home" campaign, John Paul Lucas of Char- 
lotte, who has been secured to organize and direct the Campaign, has opened 
an office in the State Department Annex, and the preliminary work is already 
under way. The work in prospect is not new to Mr. Lucas, who had active 
direction of the Food Production and Conservation Campaign in Xorth Caro- 
lina during the war, first with the year supply of pork will be advocated. 
State Food Commission, and later The new movement has the whole 
with the United States Fund Adminis- hearted hacking not only of the de- 
tration, e,nd who is "loaned" to' the partment of Agriculture and the State 
state for this particular work by the College of Agriculture and Engineer- 
Southern Public Utilities Company for ing, but also of the Department of 
which lie is advertising and publicity Education, the State Hoard of Health 
manager. an ,l other agencies of the state govern- 

Duriiig (lie Campaign emphasis will . ment. 
be laid not upon the production of The campaign which is beii 

food supplies for the market, but auguratod will lie intensively 
upon the production by every fa.mily dinted and will cover a period of 
of food and feed supplies sufficient eight to ten weeks. The organiza- 
to supply its own establishment, tion to be built up will reach into 
More and better gardens, more pool- every township of every count', in the 
try, one or more cows for each family, state, 
and sufficient hogs to furnish an all 


Nol Satisfied With Simply Drawing Salary And Breath 

B/ way of brother Noel! and his valuable paper, The Roxboro Courier, 
there comes to The Uplift the story of real leadership by a man, appreci- 
ating' the great task of giving a square deal to the rural people who most 
need it, and who sincerely desires to be worthy of his salary and the con- 
fidence of those ivho employ him, is not satisfied, after securing the posi- 
tion of honor, trust and far-reaching importance, to merely draw his sal- 
ary and his breath. Beam has done, is that it acts like a 

Way up in the Northern part of seed-corn. It multiplies. By and 

the state, out in the county of Ber- by other sections will awaken to 

son, far away from the countv-seat, their possibilities and abilities and 

Roxboro, comes a glorious story proceed to accept the challenge, 

where a wide-awake man and an im- But this requires a leader, a man of 

portant job met and accomplished earnest conviction who holds a posi- 

something worthwhile for the pres- tion clad with some authority. That 

ent generation and many yet un- puts pep in it. 

born. Rev. J. A. Beam, the county Some weeks ago meeting a man of 
superintendent, having refused to be authority, lounging on a street cor- 
hobbled by an unnatural, crazy-kind ner and. recognizing that he headed 
of concoction of a school-law that a school system of a county that had 
has been saddled upon the state (and made absolutely no progress in eight 
for which a commission by the late years and which had made -no con- 
Gen2ral Assembly has been appointed certed action to attempt improve- 
to investigate and propose a re- ment, but just simply mechanically 
lief and a remedy) having declined and clerically to function, what ho 
to sit practically idly by the schools thought of the great work Brof. 
that were not functioning as they Coon had done in Wilson county in 
should, started out to do something reducing more than fifty districts to 
inspite of the hanriicaps. sixteen, had built attractive and sub- 

What the Rev. Beam accomplish- stantiai buildings with modern con- 
ed in a rural seetbn of Benson coun- veniences, each school provided with 
ty can be accomplished in a section from five to ten teachers to suit the 
or two in every county of North grades, conveyed the children to and 
Carolina if men, charged with the fro, had increased the average at- 
sacred duties of providing adequate tendance until the smallest possible 
educational facilities for the children, number was absent from school, and 
have a heart and a real desire to go had put hope into the hearts of the 
to it. The cry that there "is no rural folks. This is the answer of 
money' - is a frazzled excuse and has that high school official: "I haven't 
teen not only overworked but is yet made up my mind as to the 
oftentimes used as an explanation practicability of that programme? - ' 
for a failure to attempt to do any- In thii day when people are cry- 
thing because of the lack of a vital ing for an equal chance, for a square 
interest in and knowledge of the deal, for leadership, for justice, for 
cause. The beauty about what Supt. their rights, the high official charged 



with leadership and paid a salary 
and perquisites reaching beyond 
three thousand dollars, when eight 
years ago. his superior without as- 
sistance, did twice as much work and 
did it promptly and efficiently tot- 
half of the present salary and never 
"went to sleep" on his job, to confess 
that he "had not made up his mind" 
as to the practicability of a pro- 
gramme that contemplated and as- 
sured a great stride in the educa- 
tional cause of a county (hat is 
horribly behind similar counties in 
area, population and wealth, was not 
only stunning but fully explained 
the do-nothing and wastful admini- 
stration of the most vital agency in 
behalf of any rural people--- the 
means of adequate educational ad- 

But Superintendent Beam, of Per- 
son county, "had made up his mind." 
Out there from Roxboro was a ter- 
ritory of sixty square miles without 
sufficient and adequate educational 
facilities, being inflicted with little 
make-shifts of one-room houses, 
directed by "certified" teachers us- 
ing them as a stepping stone for 
some-thing else or marrying. The 
condition was intolerable. The 
leadership of this wide-awake super- 
intendent went among the people, 
mapped out a programme, worked 
up the interest of local influences 
and the endorsement of his ambiti- 
ous plans. Here is the story of that 
beautiful school building shown in 
this issue, which answers to the name 
of "Bethel Hill Graded School," lo- 
cated in Person county, considerable 
distance from Roxboro and some 
distance fron a small village: "Mr. 
Moses S. Jones, now gone to his re- 
ward, was the largest contributor, 

+ , „ 





16.1 : 

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n> IJ8 : 

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■ '.)! in 


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giving about $18,000 and the other wisely, but Editor Noel writing 1 , says: 
citizens contributing fifteen thous- "Our efficient County Superinten- 
and dollars. They borrowed $17,000, dent, Rev. J. A. Bean, was hugely 
note endorsed by the citizens. The instrumental in securing the build- 
building cost $50,000. The land inir, for it was largely due to his un- 
was given." A friend writes tint tiring efforts and influence over the 
"the building is stucco, and is one late Moses S. Jones, that the build- 
of the best high school buildings I ing has its existence. - ' And every 
know of situated in the country. It county that has a broad-minded, 
has all modern conveniences --water, alert and active superintendent like 
light and sanitary closets." Person, is making substantial pro- 
Prof. A. C. Gentry is principal, gress educationally, in spite of the 
and is assisted by six other teachers handicaps, real and imaginary, 
in the conduct of the school. The And Bethel Hill is not the only 
Building Committee vas composed school problem solved to the pleasure 
of C. T. Hall, C. A. Hall and Dr. and happiness of a rural beople, in 
J. H. Merrit. The trustees are: R. in Person county, but in the very 
D. Baily, S P. Gentry and C. T. same county other sensible solutions 
Hall. All these men have builded are going on. 

"What do you think! Dey got cherries an* strawberries an' all kinds of 
fruit covered wicl candy. What kind shall I get, Rastus?" 
"G-et me a chocolate-coated watennellon. " — Ladies' Home JournaL 

Romance Lives Again 

(Greensboro News) 

It dosen't matter that their names are not John Smith and his young wife, 
Mary Smith. You wouldn't want to know their names. The only thing 
that matters is that they are together again and that out of the wreck of 
their married life there now rises the promise of a new structure. 

The story belongs to Adjutant The beginning was different. It 

Henderson, of the Salvation army, was in Baltimore. Maybe he was at 
and to Mrs. Henderson, because the fault. Maybe it was she. It is pos- 
gods of romance, looking over all sible that both were to blame 
the world, picked these two on whom (there's no blame left in either now), 
to shower the golden prize. Many They were young; they had not been 
things come to a Salvation srmy married more than five months. 
adjutant and his wife, and the things There was some financial difficulty, 
that lies behind their patient eyes 'limes were hard and work was 
would sometimes make other p;o- scarce and the pay was none to 
pie's eyes almost pop out of their good. It uas a difficult situation 
heads. and it led naturally to discontent. 

"It happened right in our home." Mary Smith, bride of five months, 

the adjutant said. "I'm glad of thought she could solve it by goin? 
that." to work heiself. John entered no 



■abjection. So she went to work, 
made a little money, felt the confi- 
dence of earned money in her pock- 
et, grew more sure- -and then one 
day John came home to find her 
gone— cleared out, left, deserted, the 
home a blank, the whole world a 

What he went through it is not 
necessary here to record. It was 
not pleasant. He searched Balti- 
more, Washington, Philadelphia, and 
New York. He went through it all 
for weeks; and he ended, where 
many things end and many more be- 
gin, at the Salvation army. 

Neither is it necessary to dig into 
the record of her wanderings, nor to 
question too closely. If it was hard 
for him, it was hard for her. Life 
jumped up and grabbed her and 
shock her. But life didn't shake 
anything essential out of her, it was 
too deeply rooted. 

Through this and that, through 
many things, she came at last to 
Greensboro, a far cry from Haiti- 
more, a far cry from New York, 
where she had been. To Mrs. Hen- 
derson she came at the Salvation 
army headquarters, and here at last 
a tie was knit between Mary Smith, 
wife, and John Snith, husband. 
Alary was with the Salvation army 
in Greensboro; John with the Salva- 
tion army in New York 

'What I want is away to make 
$20 quick," she told Mrs. Henderson. 
Why'.' Because I want railroad fare 
t^ get back to my husband and to 
get. to him quick. I'm through with 
being away from him." 

it's a long way from Greensboro 
to New York, but the eyes of the 
Salvation army laugh at miles. The 
Missing Persons' department listen- 
ed to John Smith in New York, and 

presently the word was dancing back 
and forth that if John Smith came 
to Greensboro he might find his wife 

If he would come! He came with 
a rush, he shot down out of the 
north as fast as trains could carry 
him, and Tuesday afternoon when 
Southern train No. 35 reached 
Greensbcro, John Sm<th jumped off 
and asked the nearest man how to 
get to the Salvation army. 

Adjutant and Mrs. Henderson and 
Mary Smith were eating supper. 
The doorbell rang and the adjutant 
went to answer it. "I'm looking 
for Mrs. Mary Smith," said the 
young man. "Is she here?" 

The adjutant took him by the 
arm, led him into a room, talked to 
him quietly for a while, and left him 
there. Walking back into the din- 
ing room, he said to Mrs. Mary 

"There's a young man in the other 
room. It's— it's your husband." 

Mary Smith almost knocked over 
the supper table getting out of her 
chair- She raced out of the room, 
down the hall, into the other room, 
and swept up to her husband with 
her love written all over her fa^a 
triumphant once more. 

"I saw them get together and then 
I left," the adjutant said. "That's 
the story. Think you can write 
something about it? 

"And you might say something 
about this, too, because I think it's 
interesting. John Smith was con- 
verted in New York last Sunday at 
a Salvation army meeting, and that 
same day in Greensboro at another 
Salvation army meeting his wife was 
converted too. It looks as though 
Somebody was running things, 
dosen't it?" 


Miss Wallace on "Decoration." 

Yesterday morning at the court bouse, says the Greensboro News the 
home economics department of the Women's club had the rare privilege u{ 
listening to Miss Maud Wallace, assistant home demonstration agent, give 
a most interesting and instructive talk on "Interior Decoiation. 

Miss Wallace began by saying that warned the women against the high. 

the ideal home is a background for ly decorated wall papers and rugs, 

culture, a refinement and education, advising them to g^t the high lights 

and that there are three things that in the room by the use of draperies, 

must be taken into consideration at bright lamp shades, pillows, vases, 

the outset. Mrst, physical comfort; etc. 

second, cleanliness and sanitation; Above everything, she urged that 

and, third expense. The home should, cheap imitations be avoided. "If 

after these tilings have b?en observ- you can't buy a real Wilton velvet 

ed, express the personality of the rug, then get a rag or fibre rug." 

owner. Dr. Parsons, an anthority Miss Wallace insisted, the same prin- 

on interior decoration. say» that ciple applying throughout the house. 
"a room or house more impressive One of the principles of interior 

than the hostess is impertinent," and decoration most often abused is in 

Miss Wallace urged that the entire keeping a room balanced and .Miss 

house should subservient to the home Wallace mad it very clear to her 

maker, and should be treated 'as a listeners that there is a difference in 

unit, not each room separately. real balance and hidden balance, but 

She then took up the ideal house, that both serve their, purpose in the 

room by room, telling the funda- fitting out of a room. She showed 

mental uses of the rooms, and the pictures illustrating her meaning, 
manner in which they should be fur- She closed h^r talk with the state- 

nished. For instance, the living room ment that there are just as many 

being the place where the most time expensive things that are in bad 

is spent, should above everything be taste as theie are cheap things, and 

comfortable, with ea-y chairs and just as many cheap things in good 

shaded lights for reading. taste as expensive ones, and urged 

In taking up walls, she told of the that much care and thought be giv- 

various effects of colors, and stated en to the furnishing of the home, for 

that when a large area is to be treat- it is ther? that the fu'ure citizenship 

ed the neutral tints are best. She of the world is molded. 

"There is this about the tax burdens: a man can go staggering through 
life now without being accused of being drunk." — Asheville Citizen. 





Everybody -who has ever witnessed the selection of a jury for a inurcler trial 
or other important trial in our Superior courts has noticed that in questioning- 
prospective jurors to determine their fitness they are sometimes asked: "Are 
you a freeholder ?" which being interpreted means, Do you own hind? "Have 
you served on a jury within the past two years?"' Have you paid your taxes 

fur the past year.'"' Those who are 
accustomed to hear these questions 
probably give them lit le thought; only 
a few may wonder why the ownership 
of land, or having served on a jury 
within he past two years, or having 
paid taxes for the past year, could 
have reasonable bearing on one's 
fitness to sit on a jury, hear the evid- 
ence and render a verdict accordingly 
Recently one of our Superior Court 
judges remarked that he always re- 
sented hearing the first two questions 
asked. The second question, with ref- 
erence to former jury service, is 
designed to keep the professional 
juror out of the box. While many 
men avoid jury service (which is 
wrong because jury service is a most 
important and necessary public service 
which all good citizens should rend- 
er when called, there are those who 
like to sit on juries and who make 
it convenient to be present when 
jurors are to be called into the box, 
in tlie hope that the sheriff's eye will 
fall on them. The board and lodging, 
the per diem, listening to the pro- 
ceedings and the importance attach- 
ed to the service all appeal to this 
class. But the professional juror is 
nut in high favor and while he is 
called into service when available 
jurors are scarce and allowed to serve 
if nobody objects, the provision ex- 
cluding, in certain eases, those who 
have served on a jury within two 

years is designed to exclude those 
persons too anxious to serve and 
should be retained. 

But what has land-holding got to 
do with jury service .' Xothing. It is 
one of the provisions of an ancient 
time, which the fathers thought desir- 
able, and nobody has taken the pains 
to make an issue of it and have it 
changed. It should lie explained 
here that the objections mentioned do- 
not necessarily exclude one from jury 
service. They do not apply to jurors 
"drawn from the box'' — to the regu- 
lar jurors drawn for service in the re- 
gular way. They apply only to what 
are called tales jurors (tales is pro- 
nounced as if spelled tal-is, with the 
accent on the first syllable, and is. 
applied to those jurors summoned 
from the bystanders, called in by the 
sheriff, as in the summoning of a 
special venire from which to select 
jurors if the regular panel is ex- 
hausted). Selecting jurors from tales- 
men, especially for an important and 
hard-fought trail, is very important 
to those concerned and all the ques- 
tions permitted are sometimes asked to 
exclude one who is objectionable to 
one side or the other. One con- 
sidered desirable may be passed re- 
gardless of whether he ever owned a 
foot of hind, paid a cent of tax and 
even if he served on the jury at the 
previous term. But if he is consid- 
ered undesirable for service in that 



,iou oq auki ot[ luaSijppii avoi{ .tojjiuu 

•OU 'pD'JSMOJUI 3SOIJ4 Aq 3SB0 .Ii:[lli 1 4.1 U' 1 

how high his standing, lie is stood 
aside it' lie is unable to answer the 
questions mentioned, and others, sat- 
isfactrily; and he can he stood aside 
even then if the challenges haven't 
been exhausted. 

Back in the dim distant past land- 
holding' was considered essential to 
good citizenship in this part id' the 
■country. The idea of course had its 
origin in the customs of the "Moth- 
er Country'* (England), ami the man 
who didn't own land wasn't consid- 
ered lit to exercise certain preroga- 
tives. In North Carolina, for inst- 
ance, one couldn't he a member of the 
State Senate and couldn't vote for a 
State Senator unless he owned land. 
The non-land-holder could vote for a 
member of the House of Commons, as 
a Representative in the Legislative 
was called in that day, but the idea 
■WTqS to have an upper house that 
would be a check on the common herd, 
and so the State Senate was elected 
by the land-holders. It is a matter*' of 
history that a young lawyer in States- 
ville, member of a prominent family, 
whose father was a land lioidet' but 
who owned no land in his own right, 
was desired as a candidate for the 
State Senate. To make him eligible 
friends ami admirers deeded him a 
few acres of land in the northern part 
of the county (land was plentiful and 
the tract donated was small value 
then.)- The young man was elected to 
the Senate and later to Congress. Hut 
this land-holding qualifications was 
too aristocratic for plain North Caro- 
lina citizenship and its unpopularity 
grew with the years until it became a 
burning political issue. David S. 
Beid of Rockingham county espoused 

the cause of free suffrage and was 
elected Governor, and with his elec- 
tion the land-holding qualification for 
voters passed. But the restrictions lias 
not been removed from jury service 
and the tales juror who is not a free- 
holder may be excluded from the box 
if the point is made. That restriction 
is out of date and should be removed. 
In fact our jury system could be re- 
vised in several particulars in the in- 
terest of justice and common sense- 
but the legal fraternity are great 
sticklers for precedents. It any- 
thing has been done a certain way 
it should continue to be done that 
way simply because it has been done 
that way, no matter how contrary to 
common sense and how far out of line 
with present day conditions the 
practice may be. 

But while land-holding as a suff- 
rage qualification was repealed more 
than half "century ago and should be 
repealed as it applies to jury services, 
it must be admitted that the" idea of 
the fathers that one who owned land 
was ;x more solid and stable citizen, 
generally speaking, than the non- 
land-holder, is not without some 
foundation in fact. It is generally 
admitted in this day that home owner- 
ship tends to good citizenship; that 
the man who owns his home, owns a 
piece of ground, who lias a stake in the 
community, is a stockholder in the 
enterprise, is more concerned in good 
government, is more conservative 
citizen and is less likely to break out 
as a radical revolutionist then one 
who doesn't own a home and has loss 
at stake in the community. In other 
words, the home owner, the property 
owner, realizes that he is vitally con- 
cerned in matters of public welfare; 
one wdio owns little or nothing ' ias 


little or nothing to lose and some hope exclusion from jury service of those 
of ' T ;;in in an upheaval. The owner- who fail to pay taxes due. One who- 
ship of land confined to a few is ivilfully and negligently fails and re- 
dangerous to the stability of public in- fuses to pay taxes should be denied 
stitntions. It lias 'been a fruitful rile privilege of voting. If he re- 
cause of trouble in the old country. fuses to bear his share of the cost of 
P. S, I neglected to say at the pro- government he should have no voice 
per phue that I am in accord with the in public affairs. 



So many persons fail to recognize the peculiar and arduous responsibili- 
ties facing them as they labor in the teaching force for >oung peopie. 
Doubtless each teacher that puts forth strenuous efforts from day to day 
to train the young lives, given into their care for several hours of each day,, 
is sincere in proclaiming to the listening world that they are bearing the 
greater load of the burden, in form- mother went on with her work, pre- 
ing the character of those young paratory to fixing lunch for the 
lives. After being permitted to be- children. As I passed far down the 
hold the wonderful revelation which the street, those humbly uttered but 
has come to me, I am honest in con- triumphantly happy notes resounded 
fessing that for seventeen years 1 in my ears. Suddenly the vision 
labored under the same mistaken came to me: the daily toil and effort 
idea. This little vision I want to to get her little folks ready for school 
give to you, hoping it may reach and yet, the happy armosphere in 
your heart and in some way influence which they began the day's work, 
your attitude to your God-given and the possibility of a day spent at 
calling, that of helping parents di- school under direction of a teacher 
rect the precious little souls in char- who would not radiate the same hap- 
acter building. piness in her work. So seldom does- 
One hot summer morning, just as a little face of sadness greet you in 
the school bells were summoning the the early morning---instead each 
little folks to work, I had occasion countenance fairly beams with ex- 
to go into the home of a fami'y pectant happiness; to me a reflection 
where six children had just been of the mother's smila as the goodbye 
sent off to school. 1 was met at the kiss was given. How many teachers 
doer by the smiling mother, dripping send those little folks home ashappy 
with perspiration, making apologies as they were when they left home 
for her neglected toilet, who cheer- that morning? How long will it tak-i- 
fully gave me the information for that tired mother to wipe out the 
which I had come. Ere I had passed discouragments unconsciously re- 
out of the yard, the strains of the ceived from you? Possibly her little- 
old familiar hymn, "Children of the boy did not have as brilliantly pre- 
Heavenly King, As We Journey pared lessons as you had wished for. 
Sweet Sing," were heard as this or her little daughter had nelected 



-some task you had exacted. Still 
could not you have guided and 

•directed that work with more tact 
and cheerful reproof? Why was 
that mother singing? Doubtless the 
passed-down pants with many a 
patch or the faded piece of hair 
ribbon often caused a tear to dim 
those eyes; yet there was a song of 
sincere gratitude that came uncon- 
sciously to those lips, praise and 
prayer to God that she might meet 
the opportunities bravely, trusting 
you to help her. And you teachers 

•can sing, too, applying the lesson 
found in His word "Teaching and 
admonishing one another in psalms 
and hymns and spiritual songs, sing- 
ing with grace in your hearts to the 
Lord." Mow many teachers have 
the privilege of having under their 
care some little child whose mother 
is in heaven? Had you been per- 
mitted to catch the strains in my 
vision, of that earthly song which 
was but an echo of the happy songs 
of the angel-mothers, never again 
would any service rendered that 
child be hut a labor of love. 

Your service is arduous, the most 
arduous of any assumed vocation in 
life, but it should only supplement 

the beauty and brightness of the 
home life. Where there is little 
brightness in the home, you could 
create such an atmosphere of love 
and brightness in your class room 
that its beauty would radiate into 
the home and overlap the loss there 
Many, many teachers who are 
reaping happy results with their 
pupils helping to form characters 
worthy of the parents' fondest am- 
bitions, have in some form or other 
caught this vision; had I the artist's 
touch or the musican's gift, I would 
put on canvas this vision or I would 
sing to each of you the strains, that 
the echoes of that mother's song 
with faith in God and trust in you 
might inspire you teachers who have 
not been touched by it to nobler 
ideas of service. Never will you be 
so near the presence of the great 
Teacher as when you are striving 
in joyful, happy service to join this 
"choir invisible," composed of the 
mothers in heaven, the mothers on 
earth and the little people of God, 
all blending one triumphant song of 
service with the great throng of 
the white-robed angels around the 
throne of God. — News And Obser- 


By W. E. Hutchinson 

"Say Bulger," said .John Marsden, to his brother Will, •'loan me your 
knife, mine's o,s dull as a hoe." 

"Bulger," said Will, in a most eontemptious tone, "if you don't stop call- 
ing me by that name I'll not loan you anything, hut give you a sound thrash- 
ing instead; I'm sick and tired of being called Bulger." 

Grandpa Marsden, who was listen- worse names than Bulgar, and it docs 

ing to the hoys sparring, said, "Now not mean anything anyway. I never 

boys, you are making a, good deal of hear John call you Bulger that I don't 

fuss over a nickname; there are lots think of the nickname the boys save 



me when I was .^ youngster, and they 
had good reason to do it too. In- 
stead of Bulger, how would you like 
to be called Tubby? Xot a very nice 
name is it .' But that's what the boys 
called me." 

"It' you could have seen me when 
I was your age, you would have won- 
dered why 1 received that inappro- 
priate title, for [ was just the opposite 
of a tub, and a more spindling, awk- 
ward, bean-pole of a boy it would be 
hard to find." 

"Why, grandpa!" exclaimed both 
bovs, "To think that you ever had a 
nickname; how did you come by it, 
and who gave it to you? Please tell 
us about it." 

"Well," said Grandpa, "It hap- 
pened some many years ago that [ had 
almost forgotten it, but now to look 
back it seems but yesterday. Dear 
me, how the time (lies; the years come 
and go and leave only memories in 
passing; an old man like me is simply 
a boy grown old, and trivial things 
that happened when I was a youngster 
stand out prominently in my memory. 
I suppose it is a sure sign that I am 
in my dotage when an old codger like 
me lets his mind run back sixty years 
to such a silly thing as a nickname. 

'"My father and mother came from 
Xew York in the early forties,- and 
settled in what was then the wilder- 
ness of Indiana. Our house of two 
rooms was built of logs in the clear- 
ing with woods all around us; the 
trees close at hand were felled in or- 
der to secure the logs for its erection, 
and many of the stumps were left 
standing until such time as they 
could be grubbed out anil thus give 
more land for cultivation. 

'Our nearest neighbor, the Stan- 

ley's lived about two miles from us,, 
and most of the way to the home lay 
through a thick forest of beech and 
■maple. Between our place and the- 
Stanleys, father had marked out a 
trail by blazing the trees, that is, 
ou'tini a e •■ out of each one along 
the way; and while there was no road. 
to speak of, this blazed trail answer- 
ed every purpose as a thorough-fare, 
for we seldom visited each other ex- 
cept on foot. 

"At one a brook crossed the 
trail which in the Spring and early 
Fall became quite a sizeable stream; 
so much that father used to paddle 
for some distance up or down stream 
in a dug-out canoe that he fashioned 
by hollowing out an elm log by the 
use of an ax and hatchet aided by 
building a tire along the trunk and 
burning away the wood. Then shap- 
ing the ends in an upward curve. As 
the creek ran within two or three 
rods of our house and spread out in- 
to a swamp farther on, the wild grass 
in this damp spot grew in abundance, 
and by putting a platform on the ca- 
noe father was able to gather quite a 
crop without much trouble. In the 
summer the water was rather low, so 
much so, that by rolling up my trous- 
ers I had no trouble in wading across, 
and many a pickeral have I taken 
from the stream. 

"Deer were plentiful and bear 
were quite often met with in the for- 
est, in fact, almost all our supply of 
meat consisted of vension brought 
down by father's old flint lock rifle; 
but an occasional partridge or quail 
that I caught in my twitchups and 
snares, made an agreeable change 
from jerked vension. Occasionally 
Mr, Stanley brought us a piece of' 



bear went that he had shot, for he 
was more of a hunter of big gaine 
than father, and quite often spent a 
•day in hunting for the love of the 
sport, when he might have been bet- 
ter employed about his clearing. 

"Everything was primitive in the 
•extreme, for it was a new country, 
and the nearest settlement was some 
ten miles away; but 1 loved it, not 
only because it was home, but for the 
wild free life that appeals to all boys. 

''I can look hack over all those 
years and see myself a, red-headed, 
freckled-faced boy. with but one sus- 
pender to hold up my dilapidated 
trousers; a hickory shirt on my back, 
and with my head covered with a coon 
skin cap with the tail dangling over 
my shoulder. 

"Those were happy days; I was too 
young to realize what a vast amount 
of work father and mother had to do 
in clearing the wild land and raising 
a scanty crop, but with no cares ex- 
cept the few chores allotted to me, I 
was as free as the birds, and found 
my greatest pleasure when permitted 
to visit the Stanleys' by way of the 
blazed trail, and spend a couple of 
hours playing with Peter Stanley and 
bis sister Kate. 

"Peter was sixteen years of age, 
three years my senior, and Kate was 
about my own age. Peter was my 
ideal; large for his age, and an adept 
at setting trails, and many a musk- 
rat, coon and mink were taken there- 
in; and once to the joy of both of us, 
a wild cat was added to the score, and 
the money derived from their pelts 
sold in the settlement helped out his 
scanty purse. 

"All our clothing was of homespun 
made by mother's deft fingers, and 

the. sound of the spinning wheel, ami 
thump of the loom were common 
sounds. Dyeing was a matter of some 
moment; father's clothing as well as 
my own were of little matter, and were 
invariably of butternut brown; but 
with mother the case was different; 
she longed for bright colors, and poke 
berries were therefore resorted to in 
order to supply her feminine taste fur 

"The process of dyeing was dune 
in a small tub known as Keeler till), 
about one half the size of an ordinary 
wash tul), one stave on each side pro- 
jected above the rim with holes bored 
through therein to act as handles; 
the only tub of this kind in our locali- 
ty outside of the settlement was own- 
ed by the Stanleys, which we as well 
as the other neighbors borrowed as 
occasion required. 

"One morning mother started me 
bright and early to Mrs. Stanley's to 
borrow the tub, and cautioned me not 
to linger, but hurry back as she want- 
ed to dye the goods already prepared, 
but I begged so hard so hard to be 
be allowed to remain a little while 
and play with Peter, that she relent- 
ed, and said I might stay just one 
hour and then hurry home. 

"Away I trudged as happy as a 
lark to think I could lie with my chum 
even for so short a time. I suppose! 
did not hurry as I might, for there 
was so much to attract my attention 
along the trail, squirrels barked at me 
from the trees, bluejays scolded, cat- 
birds mewed from the thicket, ami 
cotton-tails darted across the road in 
front of me, and boy-like I must stop 
to investigate, and who could blame 
me for loitering by the way with so 
much to interest me on every band; 



ore it was nearly noon when I loot 


''After playing with Peter for an 
hour, anil yon may be sure I made the 
most of it, Istarted for home with the 
Keeler tub turned bottom up on my 
head, and a small wooden bucket in 
either hand that mother bad loaned 
Mrs. Stanley. 

"I was two thirds of the way home 
ami had just crossed the creek when 
I saw a little black bear cub playing 
in the trail ahead. I had long want- 
ed a cub for a playfellow, and here 
was my chance to secure a prize. 
doing closer I whistled, and it at once 
sat up on its haunches swinging its 
head from side to side in a most 
comical manner, and I thought it 
the cutest animal I had ever seen It 
made no effort to come at my call, al- 
though I used all the arts known to a 
hoy to entice him to my side by pat- 
ting ray leg and calling him nice 
cubby, and good little bear, much the 
same as one calls a, dog, but all to no 
impose. It did not seem to fear me, 
hut ga/.ed at me with its round little 
eyes as if I were a curiosity. Finally 
I picked it up and tucking it under 
my arm started on much pleased 
with my good luck; but he wiggled 
and twisted so much, and such 
queer little squeals and grunts, en- 
tirely different from what I had sup- 
posed a bear to make, that I was sure 
I had come into possession of a pecu- 
liar breed. 

"I had proceeded this way for some 
rods and was geeting rather tired with 
my heavy burden and stopped for a 
few minutes for a rest putting the tub 
on tlie ground and sitting down to 
gloat over my prize, when I heard a 
snapping of twigs behind me, and 

ooKnig over my shoulder I saw as- 
large black bear coining towards me,, 
and growling at every step. 

"I was frightened nearly out of my 
sehses, but slinging the tub on my 
head, I thrust the cub into one of the 
buckets, and started on the run for 
home, his little black nose peeped over' 
the edge of the bucket, but he made 
no outcry, and finally settled down 
and seemed to enjoy the ride. 

"When the old bear came too close? 
I faced around and rattled the buckets 
in her face which served to stop her 
for a minute, and then hurried on. 
This I did a number of times until I 
came in sight of the house, then I let 
out a yell for mother which brought 
her to the door. When she saw me 
ajul what I carried in the bucket, she 
called out, 'Drop that cub you ninny, 
or the old bear will eat you up.' 

'• I won't said i, 'it's my bear and 
I rattled the buckets in the old bear's 
face. Mother was thoroughly fright- 
end, anil fully expected to sec me torn 
in pieces, and redoubled her cries for 
me to drop the cub, which I flatly re- 
fused to do. 

"By this time I had reached the 
house and hurried through the door 
with my cub, the old bear close at 
my heels, ami determind to follow me 
into the room, but mother had been 
making corn meal mush and the kettle 
full of tlie yellow meal was bubbling 
on the crane in the fireplace, and 
grabbing this off the hook she set it in 
the doorway, and with a wooden 
paddle used in stirring tlie meal, she 
ladeled the hot mush on the old bear's 
nose. Time after time she slapped 
it on, tlie bear pawing her face and 
nose, and howling with pain, but her 
severe treatment kept the bear at bay, 



«,nd between each ladleful she sent 
out a cry Cor father. 

" Fortunately, he was chopping 
"wood nearby, and came on the run, 
and, watching his chance with a 
stroke of his sharp ax, finished the 

"I received a severe scolding, and 
but for tlie fact of my escaping with 
a whole skin, would in all probability 
have received a sound thrasing. 

"Why the old bear did not attack 
me has always been mystery; but an 
old hunter who stopped with us over 
night said : 

'"You can't tell uothin' erbout 
bars; they're queer critters; at an- 
other time she might have torn ye in 
pieces, or if you had abused the cub. 
an't it had given a cry of distress, 
there wouldn't have been nothin' left 
but your jacket.' This was in all 
probability the (rue solution, but 1 
as well as my parents were glc.d that 
I escaped with my life. 

"I kept that cub for two years, 
and it became as tame as a dog, 
following me ajl about the place, dint 
it became a boisterous playfellow and 
as father had purchased two little 
pigs, and one of them disppeared one 
night, and the theft w:^s traced to 
the bear, father took him to the 
settlement, and sold him; but for 
years afterward in our neighborhood 
I was nicknamed Tubby; and when 
the boys in the settlement wished to 
be especially mean thev called me, 
Tubbv the Bear." 

T/herein There Is To Be No Extinction. 

The Uplift makes reference to 
the death of Col. Wilson G. Lamb 
as that of a representative of "the 

man," definition of which it admits 
is difficult of undertaking. This 
old school," of the "old type gentle- 
type must'be of personal assizement, 
and The Uplift submits in example, 
"Col. Penn Wood, of Aaheboro; Col. 
Baldy Boyden, of Salisbury; Col,' 
Frank Robbins, of Lexington; Mr. 
J. P. Allison, of Concord; Col. 
Brevard McDowell, of Charlotte; 
Major Franklin McNeill, of Raleigh; 
Judge H. G. Connor, of Wilson; 
Hon. Rufus Doughton, ot Alle- 
ghany." The Uplift advisedly adds 
the saving clauses that "in fact, 
every county of the good old State 
may boast the presence in numbeis 
of the old-time gentleman." To be 
sure, while this type of citizen is 
progressively disappearing it is 
never to become extinct in North 
Carolina, for they raise sons like 
themselves— sons who regard it the 
highest honor in life to be able to 
"till their shoes." This circumstance 
has ^notable demonstration in Wil- 
mington whose history establishes 
colonization of the largest number 
of the "old type gentleman" with- 
in the bounds of the State, and while 
the personnel there has changed, 
the conditions remain the same. The 
men of the present generation are 
the true copies of 'the men who have 
gone before them. They are actu- 
ated by the same lofty ideals, the 
same sense of honor and they lay 
claim to chivalry as one of the 
greatest virtues. 

The "old type" will always exist 
in North Carolina. It's in the blood; 
it's an inheritance—it is the State's 
proudest asset in heredity. We 
mourn the old fellows as they pass 
away, but there are living all around 
us men who, attaining equality in 
age, will likewise attain the finest 



characteristics and virtues of the 



Princess Mary, the only daughter of 
llio king and queen of England, wed- 
ded Viscount Lascelles amid cere- 
monials that measured up to the best 
traditions of royalty. Eight queens 
according to newspaper reports at- 
tended the marriage. 

"The world is tired of kings," rang 
from one end of the earth to the other 
during the world war. Thai may be 
true. But the queens are still able 
to males a very creditable showing, 
with eight at an English wedding. 

The nations of the earth spent sev- 
eral hundred billion dollars "to make 
tin' world safe for democracy," to 
useWoodrow Wilson's famous phrase. 
But there does not seem to be quite 
so much democracy abroad in the 
world as one might have supposed. 
The wide interest in the functions of 
royalty indicate that England lacks a 
great deal of being a republic, The 
Englishman \\ ill not allow his king any 
])0\ver, but deep down in his heart is 
on abiding reverence for royalty. Vet- 
he should not be censored too severely 
fur it. This conservatism and loyalty 
to the ancient landmarks have served 
him well through the long trouble- 
some centuries of his history. 

With the archbishop of Canterbury 
assisted by the bishop of London, of- 
ficiating at the marriage of the king's 
daughter, -omuls good to the ears of 
an Englishman and even better to an 
English woman.— Greensboro Advo- 

Sec by tile papers that a noisy wed- 

ding took place in old London town 
Tuesday when Miss Mary of Windsor 
became the bride of a man whose 
naine was mentioned as among' those 
present, part of the joy over the event 
being due to the fact that Miss Mary 
picked out a British gentleman instead 
of a foreign prince. From all ac- 
counts Miss Mary had the dress- 
makers visit her before the glad event 
and she was goriously arrayed for the 
occasion, with an extra frock or two 
for another day. She and the groom, 
said to be the most bejeweled man in 
England, looked line — they looked like 
a horse and buggy. Which one couldn't 
say more. They heal a wedding 'cake 
which weighed live thousand pounds; 
so no doubt they had some cake left 
over to start house-keeping on. — The 


I had a bunch of most pleasant vis- 
itors one day last week, a Hock of per- 
haps ;ts many as 150 red breast robins. 
When 1 came home from the city a 
little after noon I found them in my 
woods; having scratched it all over, 
digging small holes with the bills, evi- 
dently fishing out a choice worm. 
Later in the day they joined a, drove of 
Held larks in the front of the house, 
and all the afternoon the lawn was 
dotted with red breasts and larks 
digging worms out of the grass. At 
nightfall the robins Hew back into the 
pines to roost. 

These visitors were doubly welcome, 
as they were mates of my boyhood, 
when they followed the plow in spring, 
getting the grubs I turned up. Then 
they stayed with us all the year, ate 
all the cherries they could, raised their 
voung, and made lots of noise doing 



it. The young were a venturesome 
small set, prone to try their wings all 
too soon, falling the easy prey of a eat. 
I do not know why they refuse to 
nest with me now unless there are too 
many other birds on the place to di- 
vide a living with. — C. W. H. 

Institutional Notes. 

(Swift Davis, Reporter.) 

Supt. Boger has been in Raleigh 
for a few days on a business trip. 

We are happy to report that Mr. 
T. V. Talbert's mother, of Concord, 
is very much improved. 

Saturday was a day of unusual 
enjoyment to the boys. Games of 
all sorts were on the programme. 

From Sunday, our weather has 
bpen very favorable toward base ball. 
The team intends to make a record 
worth recording this season. 

Mrs. Steavens, of Newborn, came 
to the school Sunday, and brought 
with her a new arrival for the school. 
He is doing fine, from last reports. 

Mr. Dickey of Chapel Hill, brought 
a new arrival Monday. He has been 
assigned to seventh cottage, and al- 
so Mr. Taylor, of Fayetteville, 
brought a boy in the person of 
James Fisher. 

The Printing Office has ordered 
some new type. This will greatly 
improve the appearance of ') he 
Uplift as the worn type in use 
was greatly in need of changing. 

Sunday, while on pump duty, 
Vass Fields was the recepient of 
some very heartily welcomed visitors. 
These were: Messrs. C. I. Miller," 
Ralph Andrews, Palmer and Har- 


The pavilion being the plae? for 
congregating, the boys must have 
some means of rest for the officers 
in charge. Realizing this, the wort 
shop made a long and large com- 
modious bench for them. 

Once more, the boys shoes are hs- 
ing mended. This work is being 
done by Mr. Horton. This may be 
the last- mending to be done for 
seven or eight months now, as 
spring weather is with as and the 
boys will soon discard their shoes. 

Last Tuesday evening Band' 
master Lawrence was industriously 
training his band for its first public 
appearance to be held in the Aud- 
itorium that night. The band was 
to play in honor of Mr. Whitehead 
Klutz, of Salisbury, who was the 
speaker for the night. He was in. 
troduced by Mr. Charlie Ritc-he. His 
very eloquent speech was enjoyed kj 
the boys as wa? evidenced by Iheir 
prolonged applause. 

Fifth Cottage's Society, the Shain 
Literary Society elected it's officers' 
last Friday. It held it's weekly de- ! 
bate on that date also. Some time! 
previous the President wrote a letter | 
to Miss Easdale Shaw, of Rocking- i 
ham, for whom it was named. She • 
stated that she had been away from 
home for a long time and that was: 
the cause of her delay in answering! 
the lettei;she states that ifjthe Soci- 
ety names it's date, she will be a j 
visitor at that time. 

Rev. Mr. Myers, of Concord, 
spoke from the Auditorium plaforra j 
Sunday. His subject was the Bible | 
"Be's." He took our black board j 
and first drew a bee hive. Then he 
placed the bees in it. All hives must \ 



have a queen bee. The queen Bee 
was "Be Born Again," Others were: 
Be Thankful, Kind, Cheerful, Dili- 
gent, Strong and Honest. An in- 
stance of bis Be Thankful was: Once 
a painter who had been a sinner was 
conveited. Soon after his conver- 
sion, he acquired the habit of saying, 
"Thank the Lord for that,'' on any 
and every occasion. A day came 
when he was called to work three 
stories high on a bank building-. Due 
to some unknown decission of Fate, 
he fell the height of the three stories 
and broke his arm. A friend of his 
came to his bedside and said "Well, 
I don't guess you'll say thank the 
Lord for thac? But the painter 
answered, "Yes, thank the Lord it 
wasn't my neck." 

What Church Is That? 

Did you ever hear such a question? 
Did anyone ever ask it of you? Did 
you ever in traveling along a strange 
road, pass a church, and want to 
know its local name and denomina- 

tional connection? Of course you 
have---all of us have had such as ex- 

The cross roads store is marked- 
owner's name and what line is car- 
ried. Postoffice* are marked, rail- 
road station, manufacturing plants, 
hotels, theaters and so on. But the 
little church is silent. She tells no 
stranger who she is, what she is, 
when built, when and how often ser- 
vices held, or who is her pastor. She 
does not talk. Strange, isn't it? 

Many, city churches are marked, 
but few, if any, rural churches are 
marked. Would it be worth while? 
The tourist would possibly take pride 
in knowing that "the church by the 
side of the road" is of his denomina- 
tion. One church might be the means 
of carrying the name and work of its 
denomintaion thousands of miles. 

Now, we do not mean a flashy sign, 
a regular billboard, but a simple 
marker in the form of a shield, say, 
or something of that kind. 

Is it worth while? Study about it 
the next church you pass and do not 
know its name.— Christian Sun. 


r ;] F 

IsmeJ Weekly— Subscription $2.00 

CONCORD, N. C, MARCH 18, 1922 


lr ] ii 

NO. 19 


Without God man is merely a machine. He 
has a body which can do certain physical work 
for society; hut a man's body is as useless as 
a brute's body except when under intelligent 
direction Man can be more destructive than 
a brute if he hc;s no conscience to restrain him. 
The mind can direct the body so that its 
energies will be employed along useful ones, 
provided the mind itself is under spiritual con- 
trol, and that brings us back to faith in God. 

Upon belief in God rest all the uplifting in- 
fluences in life — consciousness of responsi- 
bility; comfort in the assurance of God's 
presence; prayer, through which the heart is 
opened to divine suggestions; and the future 
life with its rewards and punishments. When 
man's hold upon God is loosened he falls, and 
there is no bottom to the pit into which he 
plunges. — Bryan. 



Mweeff the South and Washington and New York 

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"%*£&?/$ The Double Tracked Trunk Line R:tu*cen Atlanta, Ga. and Washington, D. C. 

The Up 


Tlie Authority of the Stonewall Jackson Manual Training and Industrial 

School. Type-setting by the Boy's Printing Class. Subscripton 

Two Dollars the year in Advance. 

JAMES P. COOK, Editor, J. C. FISHER, Director Printing Department 

Entered as second-class matter Dec. 4, 1920, at the Post Office at Concord, 
X. C. under Act of March 3, 1S79. 


Dr. Brocks, of the North Carolina E lucational Department, lias very wise- 
ly taken the bit in his mouth and rule! that children living in the outlying 
territory surrounding a town or city school may attend the central school 
for the public school term, provided the Board of Education appropriates 
what funds may be due for that period and the patron agrees and does pay 
for the term of school extending beyond the usual free-term. 

The School Board of Concord is asking for a bond issue of three hundred 
thousand dollars for the enlargement of school facilities. If th? money is 
wisely spent— the public getting a dollar's worth for every dollar appro- 
priated—it is a fine, progessive step for the community. But the thing on 
which the city and the county boards should get to-gethcr, and this is the 
occassion for this' suggestion, is the business of caring for the several hun- 
dred children living outside and surrounding Concord, who have practically 
no educational advantages. An imaginary line, separating town from 
country, is no excuse for children on one side of said line getting fine pri- 
vileges and the children on the other side getting the sorriest kind of adv- 
antages. No chain is stronger than the weakest link, applies to the cause 
of schools if we ate to believe all that is said about the refining and elevat- 
ing influences of education upon a community and section. 

Concord has her troubles and is not expected to invite others, but from 
a selfish stand-point, if not on larger and mere patriotic grounds, the town 
of Concord profits much by the advancement and contentment of the rural 
people of the entire county. There is a rojm for a brotherhood business 
in this thing. Some of these days, a merchant will want a clerk who does 
not always watch the clock--he sometimes turns to the country to find him. 


It is to the interest of both that the country fellow has had favorable ed- 
ucational advantages. The mills send out inducements for rural families 
to take employment. Would they mt welcome the fact that that family 
had had good educational advantages and had not grown up in ignorance? 
If tnese things are not true, then education does not do what is claimed 
for it, and business men and manufacturing corporations prefer to use and 
work those who have been strangers to the refining and hopeful influences 
of adequate educational advantages. 

"We haven't our exhibit ready, in fact the seed are not yet in the ground 
but it is announced that the State Fair will be held at Raleigh on October 
1G, 17, IS, 19 and 20. Th a management is busy. New letter-heads have | 
been put in use. They are printed in blue and red, or to be exact the whole 
thing is engraved. They have a manager, a typical Westerner, who is an - 
expert, to direct the publicity. He announces to the North Carolina public, 
not as an advertisement but as a chance to make ten dollars— just as easy. 
If you will semi in to the "Manager of the State Fair, Raleigh, N. C.."a 
suitable SLOGAN by the 25th of March, and it is accepted, you are sure to 
•receive ten dollars. It must not be over six words, short somewhat iike | 
this: "Let's go." 



The legislative committee appointed to investigate the educational busi- 
ness of the state, diagnose the troubles in school law and propose a remedy 
for the thing, held its initial meeting in Raleigh on Thursday of last week. 
This commission is composed of lions. H. G. Connor, Jr., of Wilson, W. C. 
Dowd, of Charlotte, D. F. Giles, of Marion, and T. D. Warren, of New 
Bern. Their work is not only important but vital. 

Our readers do not want to miss reading and thinking about Iredell's 
community and betterment programme, which a live and industrious wo- 
man has prepared for the advancement of the whole county in all lines. It i 
will be worth a trip to merely hear the singing, a thing that is a rarity in 
many of our public schools largely because the teacher herself has no music 
in her soul. 

Hon. C. A. Reynolds, the State Chairman of the Republican organization, 
having reached the age of 74, indicates that he will retire from the head 


of the party at the coming' convention, in order that a younger man may 
tike the resp ^risibilities. Mr. Reynolds for many years has been active in 
political matters, is a man of wonderful powers, and was for four years 
Lieutenant Governor of the state. 

That was a beautiful tribute paid to the maimry of Col. Wilson Lamb, 
by the Democratic Executive Committee in Raleigh last week. Indeed, were 
the words of Governor Morrison on that occasion most tender, sincere and 
touching. Death has but little sting if such a record may be left behind". 

Congressman Edward Pou, one of the most brilliant men of the state, 
has been selected by Chairman J. D. Norwood, to deliver the key-note 
speech at the State Democratic convention, which meets in Raleigh on 
April 20th. 


A Man and a Lion were discussing the relative strength of men 
and lions in general. The Man contended that he and his fellows 
were stronger than lions by reason of their greater intelligence. 
"Come now with me," he cried, " and I will prove that I am 
right." So he took him into the public gardens and showed him a 
statue, of Hercules evercoming the Lion and tearing his mouth 
in two. 

"That is all very well," said the Lion, "but proves nothing, for it 
was a man who made the statue." 




Home Demonstrator of Cabarrus County 


A Worthwhile Agency 

On another page The Uplift carries the picture of Miss Catherine Wilson, 
the Cabarrus county Home Demonstrator, who has been in the midst of our 
people for little more than a year. As a text for this article the writer 
merely wants to say, aside from a few pers >nal remarks with reference to 
this very superior woman and her identi location with the important work 
that engages her time and best thought, that Miss Wilson has made good. 

I know that is the very highest 
compliment that one could pay to 
the work and accomplishment of any 
officer. There are occasions when 
such a statement would be not only 
ridiculous but real comedy. The 
fact that men and women of tine 
parts sometimes make blunders and 
failures, may not be the result of 
carelessness or indifference but are 
occasioned by lack of adaptability, 
by unfitness for the work and often- 
times by the absence of vision. Fail- 
ures have occurred just this way 
among home demonstrators, teach- 
ers, school superintendents and, in 
fact, in every walk of life. 

It has been my fortune, privilege 
and very great pleasure to mingle 
pretty freely with the rural people 
of the county. I have come to 
know very intimately the hardships 
and the drawbacks, real and imagi- 
nary (together with the unalloyed 
joys of the country) that can be in 
a large measure, if not wholly, wip- 
ed out by the creation of a commu- 
nity spirit, by co-operation and by 
the development and activity of 
those agencies which forward think- 
ing legislators have made possible. 
The rural schools could be made, 
with a broad policy in vogue and 
directed by an unselfish man that is 
not so obsessed with his superior 
knowledge and could be aroused 
from a blinding laziness, to serve a 

mighty purpose; but wherever this is 
lacking, that agency that inspires a 
coummunity spirit and encourages 
the hope and ambition of self-help 
will, in time, force the coming of 
the improvements so much needed 
and hasten the day when rural folks 
may come into their own. 

Miss Wilson, whose presence in 
our midst is the main occasion for 
the foregoing observations, is a na- 
tive of Chester county, South Caro- 
lina, a typical representative of a 
fine family that has rendered a fine 
service in the Palmetto state. Edu- 
cated at elrskin and Winlhrop col- 
leges, she took a special training 
for the work to which she is devot- 
ing her talents and energies at a 
Baltimore institution. Added to her 
natural abilities, her educational at- 
tainments and her tact and love for 
her work, is a successful experience 
in teaching in rural schools. No 
wonder a lady with these accomplish- 
ments, these experiences and this 
consuming pas;ion and energy to 
make her work a go, has won the 
confidence and the esteem of those 
who have seen the direct benefits of 
her efforts. 

Though only in the county for a 
period of a year, she has made a 
choice acquaintance that covers the 
county. She knows the county to- 
day and understands the people and 
their tastes better than many men. 



who have been born and reared in 
the county. She has organized six 
Coommunity Clubs, now strong and 
vigorous agencies for good in their 
several sections. In co-operation 
with the Farm Demonstrator in this 
community work she has encourag- 
ed the culture of flowers, tree-plant- 
ing, made inspirational talks on bet- 
ter schools, importance of telephone 
connection and the reading of choice 
literature and magazines that deal 
with the problems of rural life. 

In the Girl's Clubs, which she has 
organized, she treats on those sub- 
jects that please the tastes and con- 
cerns the affairs of the y jung people. 
Some.prefer gardening, others poul- 
try raising; but great stress is placed 
on the mission of the sewing clubs, 
such as making hats and dresses. 
And what could be more serviceable 
and valuable to the average country 
girl, as well as to the town girl, than 
a proficient knowledge of needle- 
craft, thus becoming independent 
of impossible prices and the learning 
how to take left-overs and convert 
them into something that appears 
new and is as serviceable and often- 
times more attractive than some- 
thing bought anew. The power of 
making much out of the little, is an 
accomplishment well within possi- 
bility and is the first lesson in suc- 
cessful home making and house- 

In the Women's Clubs different 
phases of the home are discussed, 
such as interior decoration, canning, 
the economical solution of problems 
that confront every house-keeper 
and the possibilities of making the 
kitchen and dining room function to 
the best advantage under varying 
conditions.: Nine of these clubs have 
been formed: ■ . ; .' 

Among the big things Miss 
Wilson hopes to stress throughout 
the coming year is the Year-round 
garden, better quality of poultry, 
better breed of pigs and a greater 
care of the family cow— in this she 
has anticipateil Gov. Morrison's 
campaign. She hopes to see, also, the 
time soon come when the various 
clubs in the several sections of the 
county may federate to the end 
of making the entire county a unit 
in sympathy and ambition to bring 
rural life in Cabarrus to the highest 
possible development. This is a 
noble purpose, in which, much valu- 
able material now going to waste or 
missing much of the advantages of 
country life may be turned to a larg- 
er and better service by encourage- 
ment and direction. 

That's a very fine slogan Miss 
Wilson carries with her wherever she 
goes in her faithful old Ford, which 
she drives like a past-master, 
What a glorious accomplishment 
would follow if all men and all wo- 
men, in all the activities of this life, 
should live up to the ambition of 
that slogan! It's a happy combina- 
tion — Miss Wilson likes the Cabar- 
rus people and the Cabarrus people 
like Miss Wilson; and may the frood 
work continue to grow and prosper. 
Just what th's splendid woman is 
doing, is being: duplicated in other 
counties of the state where wise se- 
lections have been made. Ths value 
of the work, in the aggregate, is in- 
estimable. Early in the life of this 
work there were some misgivings, 
fearing that the people would not 
take kindly to the innovation. But 
these misgivings soon vanished; and 
now every observing citizen gives it 
a hearty endorsement. 



F The recent adoption of text-books for the public schools of the state was 
made under the provisions of a law, the bill for which was prepared by the 
State Superintendent of Education. It gave enormous latitude and power 
to the Text-Book Commission. It is said that this Commission prepared an 
outline of study before ever considering books. Probably there is not a doz- 
en intelligent people in North Carolina who could not pick the real author 
of the allege I "course of study.'' Practically a elesn s\veep of the books 
now in the hands of the public school children of North Carolina was ordered 
by the Commission, which, in a great degree, tied the hands of the state Board 
of Education. On the ISth of February Dr. Brooks, in making the announce- 
ment of the final result, accompanied it with a defensive statement. 

This prophecy of the results was so unusual and so unlike what had oc- 
curred thiough other and former adoptions, school men and school officers, 
who have been long in the service, felt that a "miracle'' had been performed. 

Dr. Brooks Said Feb. 18: "In 
completing this adoption, therefore, 
the State Board of Education has had 
due regard first, for the needs of the 
children, and second, for the cost of 
hooks to the puplis. And in provid- 
ing for the needs the Board has made 
it possible for the schools to meet the 
needs of the chlidren in a large way 
without placing r,ny financial burden 
upon the patrons." 

Admissions on March 8 in the 
Raleigh News & Observer in an in- 
terview with the State Superintendent 
of Public Instruction, point out that 
the new adoption made on the basis of 
the recommendation and the work of 
the Text-Book Commission will cost 
the children of the public schools a 
net increase over the former adoption 
of the sum of $085,194.00. Dr. Brooks 
does not think that this will prove a 
"financial burden upon the patrons." 

Closing the interview, Dr. Brooks is quoted assaying: "By delaying 
adoption of books until February we have been able to secure better con- 
tracts. States that adopted a year ago have been paying from ten to twen- 
ty-five per cent higher for the same text bouks than we are required to 

All this is probably correct, but Dr. Brooks will probably find, upon a 
careful reading of the contract he signed for books for the public school 
children which will cost their parents nearly a three-quarters of a million 
increase, that there is also a clause pledging that should the prices of these 
books be lowered to any other state or authority during the life of this 
contract that North Carolina should have the benefit of such reduction. It 
goes without saying that if North Carolina today is getting a certain book 
at a lower price, that similar reduction in price will obtain in other states for 
said bock under the very same identical contract clause. What benefits in 
prices, if any, have come by a delay is due entirely to the decreased cost 
of material and production and not to any foresight or special wisdom dis- 


played by the North Carolina authorities. 

Impractical theories that have crept into the public school law, by the 
persistency of the Educational Department, within the past twelvemonths 
cost the state 8710,000.00, and now followed by another, due entirely to 
another half-baked theory, adds$6S5, 194.00, or a grand total of one million, 
three hundred ninety-five thousand, one hundred ninety-four dollars. And 
the benefits received by the rural children are no more enhanced, if as good 
except in spots where a large degree of independence existed, than before 
these various theories were imported from Massachusetts. 

"Yes, my son's pretty handy about the house. He mended our cuckoo 
clock the other day. It's fine now, except that it says 'Oo' afore it 
'Clicks.' " 



•> •:• 

!> Based (1) on Defects Found in Drafted Men, reported by Surgeon- % 

% General M. W. Ireland, to the 00th Congress, 1st session — Senate Com- * 

* mittee Print, 1910; and (2) on the Associated Press item, The Victory * 
*> Memorial Building, Feb. 10, 1022. ' f 

*:• North Carolinaians serving, 02,510 or 10 in the 1,000 of all who served •> 
',(, in the army and navy; North Carolinaians who lost their lives in service, ''•, 

* 2,01.3 or 20 in the 1,000 of the national war death roll. 

*> Department Rural Social Economics, University of North Carolina * 
*** " *»* 

* Rank Unfit to Serve Rate per 1,000 * 
♦*♦ •> 

*:* 19th Defective in bod} - or mind or both 546 £ 

* 30th Rejected as unfit 213 ♦ 

•:• 37th Tuberculosis victims 30 ••. 

£ 37th Venereal diseases 70 £ 

*•* 39th Apoplexy, paralysis, etc 3 * 

•:• 42nd Epilepsy 7 * 

-:• 40th Instable nerves, neurasthenia, neuroses, hysteria, etc. 1 * 

*:* 45th Mental deficiency 22 % 

f 45th Mentally diseased 24 * 

*> 24th Heart disease, organic ," 27 * 

* 35th Joint diseases 11 * 

£ 29th Defective physical development 33 j 

* 15th Mechanical physical defects 104 * 

•> 47th Malnutrition — under-nourished or badly nourished * 

* disordered disgestion, assimilation,- etc - 1 $ 

Till': UPLIFT 11 

iat Our Loys Are Doing 

No 1 By Robert Willard 
Lawrence Worth Match 

(One of our former buys, who worked in the printing office, developed a 
taste for writing-. He has voluntarily offered to get a line on various boys, 
who have gone out from the institution and taken their positions in orderly 
society and are contributing to the affairs of the times. This young man, 
himself holding a responsible job in Washington, for reasons of modesty 
alone is writing under an assumed name. We publish to-day his first, and 
it is about the first boy to enroll at the school when it threw open its doors 
January 12th, ly09.— Editor's Note). 

The subject of this short article the way of right living and taught 

was the first boy to enter the Jack- the truths of life he was better 

son Training School, arriving at the equipped to go forward than when 

institution the 12th day of January, he entered the school. 

1909. This young man saw thre? year3 

Born in Burlington, North Caro- service in the army after leaving 
Una, twenty-five years ago this com- the school, serving on the Mexican 
ing October, the early life of Worth, border with the North Carolina 
as he was known at the school, was guardsmen and in France with the 
similar to that of hundreds of other 120th Infantry of the 30th Division, 
North Carolina boys who have drift- receiving a shrapnel wound on the 
ed away from paths they had been morning that this division success- 
told to follow. It was just one piece fully assaulted the Hindenburg line, 
of devilment after another until he Now seiving as an electrician in 
was sent to the school. the naval torpedo station at Alexan- 

Worth remained at. the Jackson dria, Va., Worth looks forward with 

Training School a little over three great confidence in the future, 

years and, when in March, 1912, he The first boy to enter the Jackson 

again set out on the pathway of life, Training School is making good, 
he was a different boy. Trained in 

When Spartan mothers could say, "Son come home with your shield, 
or come home on it," the breasts of Spartan men were the wall of defense 
for that country. When Roman matrons were like Caesar's wife, above sus- 
picion. Rome ruled the world. But when virtue and chastity became exiles 
from Roman households, the Barbarian not only thundered at the gates but 
marched in triumph through the streets of the imperial city. The char- 
acter of woman has at all times and will ever continue to determine the 
character of civilization. — Christian Advocate. 



* * 


*:* f 

*•* ':* 

* Farewell! A long farewell, to all my greatness! * 
•:• * 
*;* Tins is the state of man: to-day he puts forth ?, 

* t 

•:• The tender leaves of hopes, to-morrow blossoms, y 

*•* *** 

.;• •:• 

•:• And bears his blushing honors thick upon him; * 

£ The third day conies a frost, a killing frost, * 

1* t 

*:* And, when he thinks, good easy man, full surely £ 

* His greatness is a-ripening, nips his root, * 

♦> • 

: And then he falls, as I do. I have ventured, * 

* *»* 

* Like little wanton boys that swim on bladders, 
•> This many summers in a sea of glory, 
£ But far beyond my depth. My high-blown pride 
*:* At length broke under me, and now has left me, 

* Weary and old with service, to the mercy 

♦> Of a rude stream, that must forever hide me. 

•> . Vain pomp and glory of this world I hste ye! 


x I feel my heart new open'd. 0, how wretched 

* Is that poor man that hangs on princes' favors! 
♦> There is, betwixt that smile we would aspire to, 

X That sweet aspect of princes, and their ruin, 


* More pangs njnd fears than wars or women have, 

* And when he falls, he faUs like Lucifer, 

»:♦ Never to hope again. 





olina Under the Draft Act 

By J. Will Bailey 

of the articles under the scheme of>"Knowing North Carolina" is by 
iam Bailev, of Raleigh, and the late holder of the office of Collector 

He writes about "What the Draft 
It is always the truth that hurts and 

J. Wi 

in the United States Revenue service. 
Act Showed About North Carolina." 
at the same time makes us free. 

This clearly written review of the 
statistics as revealed by the officers 
of the government gives one em- 
phatic reasons for pausing and seri- 
ous consideration. One can not read 
this article without down in his heart 
feeling and knowing that every 
agency that looks to the enlightment, 
the education, the care of the body 
and familiarity of preventive meas- 
ures among our people, should not 
only be heartily encouraged but that 
effort along these lines should be 
doubled, to the end that the coming 
generation may avoid the handicaps 
of the past. Mr. Bailey's contribu- 
tion is as follows: 

Undor the Draft Act all the young 
men from eighteen to thirty years 
of age ir. the United States were 
subject to military services in the 
Woild War. Of those called, two 
million, or about four-fifths of the 
total, were physically examined at 
the mobilization camps. The results 
cf these examinations have teen pub- 
lished by the War Department in a 
volume entitled Defects Found in 
Diafted Men. 'I he classification was 
by states; but unfortunately the data 
do not disclose the relation of defects 
to color, nativity, or occupatknin 
the different states. 

With respect to rejections for al- 
coholism, North Carolina made a 
roost gratifying showing, her number 
Per thousand being nine, while the 

national average was more than three 
times as high, or thirty-one. We 
made erjually as good a record with 
respect to drug addiction. 

With respect to tuberculosis, we 
made a bad showing; our number of 
rejections per thousand being 30.47 
against the national average of 24.6 
-•-an excess of nearly six young men 
per thousand. We made a much 
worse record than some other states 
having a large negro populations, as 
for example, Georgia, 24.46, Missis- 
sippi 24.12, Louisiana 27.61. As a 
matter of fact only three Southern 
states made as bad a showing as did 
North Carolina. So our excess is 
not due to the negroes. 

For defective physical develop- 
ment we had 33 41 rejections as com- 
pared with a national average of 32. 
93. In total menial disorders we 
rank near the bottom with 24.48 
per thousand against a national ave- 
rage of 15.08. In respect of mental 
deficiency our record is bad, the 
state having had 21.06. Who can 
account for this, and how? 

There are a great many defects 
in respect of which North Carolina 
made comparatively a pleasing 
showing, as for example, the condi- 
tion of teeth and eyes. We do not 
show up so well in respect of noses 
and ears. And as a rule the ratio 
of defectives in North Carolina is 
upon an average with that of the 


United States, our rejection being I ([into agree that there is nothing 

213 per thousand, as compared with the matter with North Carolina— 

a national average of 212. Less that is, that there is no reason why 

than four out of each five young' within our bounds there should not 

men were found fit for war duty. dwell the happiest people on (ho 

What should concern us is this: globe. But Heaven helps those who 

To find and eradicate the causes of help themselves. Our Common- 

our excess of tuberculosis, low phy- wealth must be what we make of it. 

sical development, excess of mental And it becomes each of us to stand 

disorders, and excess of mental in his lot and do his best to serve 

deficiency. For these aspects of the his day and generation. This is 

matter are of the greatest impor- citizenship; this is patriotism; this is 

tance. true service of humanity. 

Pennsylvania's sixty-third county lias employed a farm agent. It is a 
mighty poor farm agent who is not worth to his county several times Ms 


A distinguished editor, talking before the students of the School of Journal- 
ism in one of our educational institutions, expressed the opinion that young 
men preparing for newspaper work should take at least a year in law school. 
His idea was that an editor should have some knowledge of law and should 
prepare himself by giving at least one year to the study of law. That set me 
to thinking about how many things there are of which the well rounded editor 

should have some knowledge, and the are many other things of which he 
conclusion was that if a young man should have a working knowledge. Xot 
training for newspaper work should only should he know how to write 
give_a year's study to all the things about court cases without exposing 
he should know about he would he too his ignorance of common legal term- 
old for active duty before he was inology, and a clear conception of 
ready to begin. what does and what does not ronsti- 
Be it understood here that I am tute libel but he should know some- 
not controverting the statement of the thing about the different religious 
editor with a view to starting some- denominations and their forms of 
thing. It is important that any news- government, so that he would not 
paper writer, certuinly a managing make himself ridiculous and offend 
editor or an editorial writer, should the adherents of the different faiths 
have some knowledge of la,w. It is by talking about Presbyterian stew- 
highly important, if he is to keep out ards, .Methodist deacons," Bap ;>t con- 
of trouble, that he have a clear con- ferences, etc., and to be sure he 
ception of the law of libel. But there couldn't give a year to this study. 


If his paper circulates in an ngricnl- or, it is highly important that he 
tnral community lie should know should know something about them, 
something about farming so as to This General Information to which I 
write about it intelligently, and he have, reference isn't found in any 
nii<*ht not care to spend a year in farm particular - course. Tt isn't taught in the 
work. Bat come to think of it, most colleges, while it is important especial- 
editors know more about farming than ly in this enlightened aye, for the news- 
the farmers who spend their lives on paper man to have a college education, 
the job — or they at least assume to give that isn't absolutely essential nor is it 
them advice — so the farm knowledge alone equipment for newspaper work, 
mav be assumed, whether the editor While I have little knowledge of the 
knows corn from cotton. It is im- practical work of Schools of Jour- 
portant, too, to know something about nalism I think well of them provided 
disease and sanitation and health they are taught by experienced news- 
measures, but it would be imprai tic- paper men and not by theorists. For- 
cible to study medicine for a season, merly it was thought that the man 
Then there is knowledge of the laws who had not come up through the 
and customs of commerce, of manu- mechanical end of a printing office — 
factoring industry, of transportation, slept on newspapers and eaten ink, as 
of the science of government, of taxa- Horace Greely expressed it — wasn't 
tion, of music, art, and all the other fit to be an editor, just as we used to 
things that the newspaper writer think that all trades and professions 
must discuss at times. and business must be learned by 
Sly experience and observation have actual experience rather than by going 
convinced me, us experience con- to school. "We have gotten ahead of 
vinces all newspaper men, that the that. It is true that experience is yet 
supreme need is General Information and always will be the perfecting 
on all sorts of subjects. The news- school in anything. The young man 
paper man who has worked on a farm, who finishes at aeollege and goes 
sold goods, worked in a mill, practiced through a School of Journalism is well 
law or who has bed experience in any equipped to enter newspaper work, 
of the lilies of human activity, will if be doesn't make the mistake of 
find that experience of value in a thinking that he knows the job at the 
newspapeer career. Rut as it isniani- start. Nothing but actual experience 
festly impossible to have practical can teach him the job, but the train- 
experience in many lines, or even to ing of the schools gives him a good 
take special courses in .many, it all start if he lias the capacity to apply 
comes back to gathering and absorbing his knowledge. 

General Information, so as to be able But to come back to General Infor- 
to write intelligently about many motion. 1 hope the schools that are 
things. training men for newspaper work em- 
it is impossible for any one man pbasize that. I know of no means of 
to know all about a large number of acquiring this General Information 
things, but if he is to write about except by reading— reading news- 
them, even in the capacity of a report- papers of all kinds constantly and 

knowledge of tilings they could learn Alexander county man, "vastly 
simply by reading the newspaper, ignorant. 
Once he said to me, discussing this 

"Manners are only a kind of varnish, of course; yet who want:; even 
a durable chair or table that isn't properly finished?" 


closely; reading the magazines and matter: "Idon't believe they read a >" 
periodicals of the better class, and newspaper; I know they don't read 
reading books. Chas. A. Dana, one of the Observer." One illustration Trill "' 
the ablest and most scholarly of the suffice. One of his young men, a col- ' 
editors of an older day, addressing a lege man, graduate of a law school , 
group of newspaper men on one occa- and one who produced literature that 
sion, urged them to study the Bible, will live, was sent to report a meetiu", 
not as a religious book but as litera- On the programme was a musical 
ture — for history, poetry, for literary number by Dudley Buck, the noted 
style. The King James version, de- musical composer. The reporter 
clared Mr. Dana, is awell of English glanced at the programme and saw 
undefiled; and for style of narrative, the name of Dudley Buck, lie didn't 
for examples in reporting that are know anything about Dudley Buck and 
models for newspaper work in all the as the master of ceremonies at the 
ages, some of the Biblical writers were event was a stranger to him he 
unsurpassed. It is absolutely essen- assumed that he was Dudley Buck, 
tial for a newspaper man — if he is to lie wrote his story accordingly, featur- 
make a success that counts — to be ing Dudley Buck as the presiding 
well posted, to have his mind well officer at a meeting in Charlotte; and 
stored with General Information; and the story got by and appeared in the 
I have never heard of any place he Observer next day. When the Old 
can get that except by reading about Man, as the boys on the Observer 
all sorts of things. Seasoned news- called Mr. Caldwell, read it next day 
paper men have seen young men come he was humiliated and said things; 
out of college and begin newspaper and the brilliant and well beloved 
work who exhibited the most astound- young ma,n who wrote the story was 
ing ignorance of everyday affairs in of course humiliated. He suffered for 
some particulars and who lacked com- lack of General Information that is 
mon information that they could have gained only by wide and varied read- 
gained by reading the newspapers. ing. 

The late I. P. Caldwell, the greatest Let me say in conclusion that I am 

newspaper man the State has pro- not attempting to instruct as a 

dueed, who gathered about him on the graduate in the course of General 

Charlotte Observer some of the Information or any other. In an 

brighest young men in the State, men active newspaper experience of more 

whom he loved and admired, com- than 25 years it was constantly borne 

plained sometimes of their lack of in on me that I was, to quote the 

I < 




Elsewhere in this number of The Uplift will be found reproduced in its en- 
tirety a circular issued by Miss Celeste Henkel, giving details about the 
contests, exhibits and contributions that are to figure in the County Public 
School Commencement. The preparation, the work involved in said prepara- 
tion and the generous responses of the people, speak volumes for the power 
and influence of Miss Henkel. 

It covers the whole scope of what 
the rural people most need, by way 
of acquisition and knowledge, in mak- 
ingcountry life most agreeable and in 
furnishing inspiring opportunities to 
the young. Can any one think of an- 
other thing which could be added to 
make the interest and benefit of this 
sure-to-be-well executed programme 
larger and better? 

The only reason — and there needs 
to be no apology for doing so — The 
Uplift is bodily inserting this pro- 
gramme with all the details, is the hope 
of rendering a worthwhile service to 
other counties, whose chief school 
officers, seeing this great effort 
making in Iredell county to aid the 
rural folks to come into their own, 
may find some inspiration and help- 
ful points in working out a similar 
campaign in the several counties. 

This peculiar and novel campaign, 
which must result in inestimable good 
in Iredell county, is the conception of 
Miss Henkel and she has fixed the 
22ml, day of April as the date of 
the event. 

County-Wide Debate 

"Query, resolved that, with Ade- 
quate School Facilities, Country Life 
can be made as Attractive as City- 
life." A gold medal offered by Mr. 
£. W. Bosliamer will be given to the 
iest debater in the final debating 

County-Wide Singing Contest 

To be conducted in all schools of 
the county — A prize of •'?10 will be 
given by The Merchants and Farmers 
Bank to the school in the county 
having the best chorus. 

Community Lirprovements 

To the community that makes the 
most improvements in their schools 
homes and grounds — $100 — Johnston 
Belk Co. 

To the community that installs the 
most electrical appliances — Hand- 
some picture — Covington Electric 
Service Co. and Mills Electric & Bat- 
tery Service Co. 

To the community having the larg- 
est number of farms named and 
marked and having the most attrac- 
tive names— $10— W. A. Bristol. 

To the community painting the 
greatest number of homes and barns 
since May 1, 1921 — Set of maps — 
Carolina School Supply Co., Char- 
lotte, X. C. 

To the community club doing the 
most constructive work — -Large Uni- 
versal school dictionary Globe Book 
Co. Morristown Term. 

To the community securing the 
most traveling libraries — Set of 
books, — Miss Celeste Henkel. 

To the community subscribing to 
the most magazines — Canning out- 
tit — Thomas Hardware Co. 


School Improvements greatest number of patrons to read! 

For the most improvements in a 

■'Better Rural Schools," signed 

i 1,1 Q,.f ,,f cnnnlo statement to bo brought in bvtlus™.. 

one-teacher school — bet ot supple- » ■ , 1J t 

i ir- ,-. .i , ., , ii,.„ trons — Porcelain kitchen sink m\ 

mentarv readers — Anss Celeste ilea- . _ _ , , ■ t 

, . * equivalent m cash — Covington Etcc-i 

, ■ o ■ ,-. 

For file most improvement in a eric ou\ ice uo. 

, , ,, rn„.„ , ■„i,,, „ lo the teacher holding an e emeu. 

two-teacher school--! wo p'-cuiies o u- 

Crawford Bunch Furniture Co. ^ary cert>ticate_ doing the most con- 

For the most improvement in a struetive work m her school and com. 

,, , , . o t n ? 1,,-,,,1-c munitv and sending in a written re- 

three-teacher school — bet ot books — -' , -,■ , ,■ 

Lend a Hand Book Mission, Boston. P«f °t how . she dld , «f w«k- 

For the most improvement in Scholarship of six weeks to summer 

high school-One 12 in. globe and school,^ valued-Board of Educa- 

two S inch globes — Southern Desk Co. 

Hickory, X. C. 

To the school having the largest fl cate other than elementary, do, 

number of children under 18 years of th f most constructive work in her 

i i •„ i;„; i„„i K„„ir „„ school and community and sending in 

age who have an individual bank ae- . • ,.,°, 

t c!„* ,-p inn --,,•„* ],nn!- a R a written report ot how she did the 

count — Set ot 101) song books — i'-. » 

work — -?2o — Chamber ot Commerce, 


To the teacher who carries out the 

best program on "Better Schools for 

tion of Iredell County. 

To the teacher bidding any certi- 

m i 

G. Gaither. 

To the school having the best 
equipped playground — $5 — F. L. 
Johnson. , 

To the best school correspondent I™dell County Day and send: 

to the Statesville Sentinel. Letters written report of hov she accomp ah, 

will be judged on these points. 1 ed^his work-Set of Pyrex Cootang 

Regularity of arrival that is, they Ware-Corning Glass Works, Cora- 

should come once a week and. to fol- ln "> " ' • 

, v . , f . i,i , Home Improvements 

low immediately after news takes 

place. 2. Legibility of pennanship, For the most attractive bed room 

composition and comprehensiveness — using old furniture — 1st prize — Ha- 

One year's subscription to The States- hogany table — Johnson Furniture 

ville Sentinel. Co. '2nd prize — Merchandise— Polk 

To the best school correspondent to Gray Drug Co. 

the Statesville Landmark. The same For the most convenient kitchen — 

points will be used in judging these 1st prize, $25 in cash — Commercial 

letters that are used in judging the National Bank — 2nd prize, Linoleum ] 

letters to the Sentinel. — One years Drugget — Tharpes 5 & 10 cent store. !| 

subscription to The Statesville Daily. For the most comfortable and at- | 

To the primary teacher having the tractive living room — $25 in m er- 

most modern equipment for teaching chandise, Ramsey-Bowl es-Morrison | 

reading and phonics and seatwork Co. 

material — Silver mesh bag — States- For the most attractive dining 

ville Drug Co. room— Set of English china— States- 

To the teacher influencing the ville Housefurnishing Co. 



-Domestic Science Fireless 
-Lazenbv-Montogoinerv Hdw. 

For the liume allowing the most im- 
provement in beautifying the homo 

To the girl in the county 12 to'2'2 
years of age, arranging the most at- 
tractive bed room — Rocking Chair — 
Cooper Furniture Co. Also a second 
prize will be offered. 

To the home making the most all- 
round improvement — Mahogany clock 
-R, F. Henry & Son. 

To the housekeeper reporting the 
greatest number of inexpensive labor 
saving devices for her home, instal- 
led since May, 1921 — Aluminum ket- 
tle— J. B. Fraley. 

To the home installing the most 
modern Fairbanks-Morse Water and 
Lighting System. Equipment to be 
bought from W. E. Munday— Solid 
brass round oak stove — W. E. Munday 
Compositions and Essays 

To the high school pupil in the 
county writing the best essay on 
"How could Iredell County have the 
best system of schools in North Caro- 
lina." Electric iron or its equiva- 
lent in cash: — Mills Electric & Bat- 
tery Service Co. 

To the sixth or seventh grade pu- 
pil in the county writing the best 
composition on "The Most Interest- 
ing Book I have read this year and 
what it meant to me." Silver Ever- 
sharp pencil— Statesville Printing Co. 

To the man or woman in the county 
writing the best essay on "One of 
Iredell county's Distinguished Men." 
$25 in cash: name of donor withheld. 
This to include men who were born in 
Iredell county or men who have done 
'heir life work in Iredell county. 

To the high school boy or girl in the 

county writing the best essay on "One 
of Iredell County's Distinguished 
Men." $10 in cash— Mayor L. B. 
Bristol, R. F. Rives. 

To the man or woman in Statesville 
or Mooresville writing the best es- 
say on "One of Iredell County's Dis- 
tinguished Men." $25 in cash. Name 
of donor withheld. 

To the high school pupil writing 
the best essay on "A History of Ire- 
dell County." Gold medal given by 
the D. A. K.'s. 

To the high school pupil writing the 
best essay on the life of Robert E. 
Lee, $5 given by the U. D. C's. 

To the man or woman in the county 
who writes the best composition on 
"Can Rural Education in General 
Equal Town or City Education?" If 
not, explain the final effect on the 
farming industry — Pair of blankets 
— Wallace Bros. 

To the man or woman in the county 
who writes the best essay on "What 
can be done by the average farm fami- 
ly to improve the home grounds?" — 
$5 in cash, Statesville Oil Co. 

To the man or woman in the county 
sending in the best detailed plan and 
instructions for an all-year-round 
garden possible for the average farm 
family in Iredell county — -flO in cash 
—Sheriff M. P. Alexander, J. A. 

To the man or woman in the county 
writing the best composition on, 
"What the Campaign has meant to 
my Community" — 7:50 in merchan- 
dise — Joe Harrison Clothing Co. 

To the man or woman in the county 
writing the best composition on 
"What the campaign has meant to 
me" — Merchandise — Stimson China 


Store. vite the patrons of the schools. Tln> 

To the woman in the county writing club women and school committee, 

tlie best composition on "How I im- men arc especially urged to assist in 

proved my home at a Minimum Ex- making this day a success. If de- 

pense" — Prize. sired, speakers can be secured from 

All compositions must be written town, 

with pen and ink, with subject, name Directions 
and address on each paper. Further 

directions will be given at teacehrs Teachers competing for the most 

meetings and by circular letters. All impovements in schools and com- 

essavs and compositions must be sent munities please send in reports of 

in to Miss Celeste Henkcl not later work done not later than April 12. All 

than April 14. schools and homes competing will 

please notify me at an early date. 

Certificates U1 j TO p 0veine nts should be made by 

Certificates of merit will be given the first of April as judges will be 

to those schools raising a.s much as out judging later. 

$10 for pictures or books. In each home where improvements 

Cert ilieates of merit will be given are being made, a. written report 

to every child ill the county reading should be sent to the teacher of the 

six books from the school library improvements made, and the teacher 

or other source selected by the teach- will send in reports to me. 

er and giving satisfactory proof to All improvements made in Iiome3 

the teacher that the work has been or communities to date from May 1, 

done. 1921. 

Certificates of merit will be given 
to every pupil in the county who has 
a. perfect attendance record 

Rules for Singing Contest 
The following rules will be ubserv- 

Certificates of merit will be given ed in the county singing contest to be 

to the pupil in each school making conducted in all schools of the county. 
th» highest average scholarship. *• Each school in the county shall 

be entitled to representation in the 

Special Days contest. The number of pupils in. the 

Friday, March 17, has been ap- chorus from each school shall he de- 
pointed as "Clean up Day" in the termined by the teacher but shall not 
schools. This day may be observed exceed 15. 

before or after but it is expected that 2. Two songs will be used, to lie se- 

each teacher will make this "Clean up lected from the following: "Star 

Day" in his or her school. It is hop- Spangled Banner," "Juanita," "Old 

ed many teachers will make this Folks at Home." "Auld Lang Syne." 

"Clean up Day" for each community. The songs will be sung without boots 

Friday, March 24, will be observed and only two verses in each song. 
as "Better Schools for Iredell county 3. The first contest for elimina- 

Day." It is expected that each teach- tio M will be held at the following 

er will arrange a program on "Better group centers on March 31, and will 

Schools for Iredell County" and in- be conducted by the principal of the 



chool. Each school in the township 

5fjll go to the township center. 

Barriuger township, Pino Valley 
school. Miss Madge Deaton; Bethany 
township. Duffy school, J. I.. Holmes; 
Cliiiuibershurg township W'avside 
school. L. 0. White; Coddle Crock 
township, Oak Ridge school, Paul C. 
ikiirv; Concord township, Scotts 
Iligll school, W. E. McDonald; Cool 
Springs township, Cool Springs high 
school. G. II. Ellmore ; Davidson town- 
ship. Jit. Monrne school, if. M. Long; 
E;l"le Mills township, Joyner school, 
J. K. Critz; Fallstown township 
Troutman High school. J. 0. Rogers; 
Xew Hope township, Taylor Springs 
school, T. B. Lankford; Olin township 
Olin school, C. C. Holmes; Shrpes- 
biivg township, Central school, C. B. 
Briran; Shiloh township, Bethlehem 
school, E. E. Harrington; Statesville 
township, Oak Grove school, Mrs. A. 
L. Lowrance; Turneshurg township, 
Harmony high school, R. II. Lank- 
ford, Union Grove township, Hender- 
son school, H. P. Vanlloy. 

4. Judges for the township con- 
tests shall be chosen, one representa- 
tive from each district. This repre- 
sentative to be chosen, by the principal 
of the school in each district. 

5. The winners of the township con- 
tests will be grouped for a second 
elimination contest. 

6 The winners in the second elim- 
uitioii contest will participate in 
the singing contest to be held in 
Statesville,' April 22, 1922. In this 
final contest the schools will sing 
Star Spangled Banner and Auld Lang 

Rules for County-Wide 
The following rules will be observ- 

ed in the county-wide debate to he- 
conducted in all schools of the county. 
This debate will be in charge of Mr. 
S. II. Stevenson and Miss Edna 

1. Query "Resolved that with ade 
quate school facilities country life 
can be made as attractive as city 

2. Each school in the county shall 
be entitled to representation in the 

3. Each scliool entering the contest 
shall furnish four debaters; two on 
the negative and two on the affirma- 
tive side. 

4. Schools entering the contest shall 
be arranged in groups of three 
schools each. The affirmative of 
each group shall debate at home 
while the negative shall debate 
against the affirmative of another 

5. In arranging the groups, the 
standard of the school and continuity 
of territory shall be taken into consid- 
eration so that schools of similar 
standards in thesame section of the 
county shall be grouped together. 

G. Any school winning both the af- 
firmative and negative shall be count- 
ed winner for its group. 

7. The following schools may he 
grouped for other contests and a pro- 
cess of elimination kept up until the 
school having the best negative and 
the school having the best affirma- 
tive shall be thrown in final competi- 
tion for the debaters medal at county 

S. The final contests shall be held 
on Friday afternoon March 24, at 2 
o'clock and contest for further elim- 
nation on such dates as the debating 
committee shall decide. 


9. The schools in the various groups shall not bar the teachers from i u;l ' K , . 
shall decide where each negative shall ins; suggestions as to structure aa.)* 
go for the debate, select the judges, phraseology. 

and make such other local regula- 13. Each speaker shall have ],;m 

tions as they may see fit. minutes at his disposal. Twelve i., : :: - 

10. The judges for the final con- his first speech and three for his re- K 
test at county commencement shall be joinder. 

selected by the debating committee. 14. If, in the preliminary contest I 

It shall be theor duty to select the the same school should win out both I s 

winning team and the best debaters, on the affirmative and the negative f 

11. Schools desiring to enter the the school having the best affirmative 
contest shall notify Miss Edna fiber- and the. school having the second best 
rill at once. negative will be chosen for the final 

12. It shall be legitimate for de- debate. 
baters to get information and sug- Bulletins and information on the 
gestions from any available source, debate may be had by applying to 
but the composition of the debate in the County Superintendent's office, 
each case must be the debater's. This 

One Officer That's Not Asleep 

It is so refreshing to find an officer and a job that get married to each 
other. So often after the ceremony of connection with a job, the principal ! 
in it thinks, or acts that way, that the highest duty is simply drawing the I 
salary and a sorry and do-nothing record follows to the disgust of law- j 
abiding psople, who crave progress and the betterment of conditions. 

There is a wiry, active and en- made since September 21st, 1921, 
thusiatic man in North Carolina, one of the most efficient and 
having connection with a hard job thorough officers in the enforce- 
that comes in contact wiih lawless- ment of the Prohibition law. In the | 
ness, meaness, if not degeneration, administration of his office he has 
that takes his duties seriously; and no friends and no enemies---anybody 
this fellow is winning by his activity that monkeys with whiskey, or so- 
the applause of the good people of called whiskey, is the constant pas' 
the communities in which he has sion of his life. Since he began 
operated. This efficient officer, to operations, the boldness of the law- 
which we make reference and whose less element has greatly diminished 
picture is here printed, is none —they have moved "farther back 
other than Daniel Franklin Wid- from the road," as read the famous 
enhouse, who first saw the light of message sent out by the late Dr- 
this world near Georgeville, Cabar- Blacknall, of Raleigh. One of the 
rus county, on the 22nd of June, most notorious violators of nearly 
1874. every law. that gets in his way, has 

"Dan" Widenhouse, as he is fa- moved off the road; but ;:< sure as 

vorably and familiarly known, has time lasts Dan Widenhouse will get j 



| him and the public and those who 
; an? offended by his indecency will re- 


jolce without ending:. Mr. Widen- 
house has put so many of the lawless 
out of business, destroyed their dirty 
business and caused others to move 

back among- the sticks, and he has 
won so much fame that the wouid-be 
poets are wiitihg poetry about him 
and his accomplishments. 

Officer Widenhouse operates in five 
counties and during his short period 
of service he has made 71 seizures, 
captured 30 complete stills, destroy- 
ed 8,000 gallons of beer and captur- 
ed 103 gallons of real whiskey, 
which at the prevailing prices rep- 
resents a value of $4,400,00. 

If every five counties in the state 
had such an earnest and active of- 
ficer, who would respect his oath 
and grasp the significance of his im- 
portant job as does Officer Widen- 
house, the ditty business of moon- 
shining and illicit sale of intoxicants 
would beccme quickly a lost art. 
Dan Widenhouse is a regulation 
Republican, stands with the leaders, 
but with him in his sturdy honesty 
and courageous manhood a Republi- 
can bootlegger and moonshiner are 
just as mean and as sorry as a Dem- 
ocratic violator of the law- -and 
here's where Dan Widenhouse com- 
mands the respect and confidence of 
the law abiding element in every 
community where he operates. 



John B. Gough was born in Kent, England, in 1S17. He came to Ameri- 
ca in 1829, and while learning the trade of bookbinder in New York formed 
intemperate habits, and sank to the lowest depths of poverty and wretched- 
ness. About 1S40 he was induced to sign the pledge. He became greatly- 
interested in temperance reform, and soon distinguished himself as the 
most eloquent advocate of the cause. He was the most popular lecturer of 
his time. He spoke nearly one hundred times on temperance in Exter Hall, 
London. He died in 1886" 

What is a minority? The chosen been in the minority. There is net 
heroes of this earth have a socia', political, or religious privi- 


lege that you enjoy to-day that was the lives of her friends were in I:' 

not bought for you by the blood and hands. "Let me aro!" she said. '. 

tears and patient sufferings of the am going to my father's house. & 

minority. It is the minority that elder brother is dead and he has lei,' 

have vindicated humanity in every a will, and I am in it; and it is tot. 

struggle. It is the minority that read to day." "Go, my girl," sai; 

have come out as iconoclasts to beat he; "and I hope you will have son;;! 

down the Dagons their fathers have thing handsome." These were th; 

worshiped,— the old abuses ofsoci- minority that, through blood ac: 

ety. It is the minority that have tears and scourgings,— dyeing flu 

stood in the van of every moral waters with their blood, and stainta 

conflict, and achieved all that is the heather with their gore,— fought 

noble in the history of the world, the glorious battle of religious free- 

You will find that each generation dom. 

has been always busy in gathering Minority! If s man stand up for 

up the scattered ashes of the marty- the right, though the right be on the 

red heroes of the past, to deposit scaffold, while the wrong sits in Ik 

them in the golden urn of a nation's seat of goverment; if he stands for 

history. the right, though he eat, with the 

Look at Scotland, where they are right and truth, a wretched crust; it' 

erecting monuments---to whom? To he walk with obloquy and scorn in 

the Covenanters. Ah, they were the by-lanes and streets, while"falst- 1 

in a minority! Read their history, hood and wrong ruffle it in silken | 

if you can, without the blood ting- attire, ---let him remember tta: 

ling in the tips of your fingers! wherever the right and truth are, 

Look at that girl, of whose inno- there are always "troops of beauu- 

cent stratagem the legend has come ful, tall angels" gathering aroud 

■down to us. and see how persecu- him, and God himself stands within 

tion sharpens the intellect as well the dim future, and keeps watch over 

as gives power to faith! She was his own. If a man stands for the 

going to the conventicle. She knew right and the truth, though evert 

the penalty of that d:ed was death, man's finger be pointed at hin, 

She met a company of troopers, though every woman's lips be curlei 

"My girl, where are you going?" at him in scorn, he stands in a Dfr 

She could not tell them a lie; she jority; for God and good angles are 

must tell the truth. It was death with him, and'greater are they tha: 

to go to that conventicle. To tell are for him than all they that be 

that she was going there was to re- against him! 
veal its place to these soldiers, and 

There s Place In Life For Trie Anecdote 

CYRUS B WATSON: Able lawyer and fine citizen, practiced law in For- ; 
sythe, Davie, Davidson, Yadkin, Sarry and Stokes, and was the pear ofay 
man that appeared at any of these courts. It was at Danbury. in Stakes 


fcounty, that he was retained to defend a man indicted for stealing blockade 

liquor from the men vho made it, hiding it in a tree-lap near bv. The 
' owners making a search, found it, and instead of taking it away, watched 
' ;;) £ ee who came for it. 

The evidence was that a man came Mr. Watson said: "Bill, they have 

for it, they were sure it was Bill, got yo-j, unless you can show a clean 

• j[r, Watson's client; when halted he back. If there aie no shot-marks 

,sn and was fired on with a load of on your back I propose to remove 

small bird shot, at pretty close your shirt and show your back to 

! range; that at the crack of the gun the jury, in which case you will be 
;he man fell "like a beef." but re- acquitted; that is your only hope; 
gained his footing and escaped; that off with your clothes.'' 
Bill laid up sick for a long time and Bill rising and removing his coat, 
it was not known what ailed him. looked at Mr. Watson, with a guilty, 
And the witnesses were sure the sickly grin, and said: "I always did 
man they shot carried a load in his have a bumpy beick." Removing 
back. Mr. Watson was unable to his shirt Mr. Watson said Bill car- 
break down the evidence by cross ried the whole load just under the 
examination, and court recessed for hide, and you could not lay a finger 
dinner. down without feeling a shot under 
Mr. Watson called the Sheriff, the skin. When court opened after 
telling him to bring his client to his, dinner Mr. Watson refused to put 
Watson's, office before the reconven- Bill on the stand and he was duly 
ir.g of court for consultation, which convicted as charged in the bill, 
wasdone. When they were alone, (Contributed). 



Spending another hour with the North Carolina Reader, which Dr. C. H. 
Wiley, then State Superintendent of the Common Schools, prepared for 
use by North Carolina children, the chapter under the title of "The Yad- 
kin River" affords much interest. It was for those days a fine description 
of the country and the people, but it displayed no little prophetic power, 
which in a measure has in later years come true. It is : 

We have crossed two rivers since and we observe that] it has some 
we left Goldsboro; and now we have characteristics different from anyvre 
arrived at a third, and the Ion- have passed. 

gestof the three. The Yadkin is a It has a clear, rapid current; and 

fame of Indian origin; and the it Is evident that it rolls along a vast 
stream which bears it rises in the volume of water. From it s-ouree, 
mountains. This is the first river near the Blue Ridge, it receives, on 
we have yet seen, in our journey, both sides, a great number of creeks; 
that rises In a region so elevated, and thus on its banks for a consider- 



able distance is one of the best water- 
ed countries in the world. 'J lie 
whole region is fertile; indeed, only 
those who have seen it, and have 
traveled over other countries, can 
properly estimate its advantages. 
Towards the South Carolina line, 
cotton grows luxuriantly; and as we 
go higher up, corn, wheat, tobacco, 
grass, and fruits of the finest quali- 
ties, can be produced in the great- 
est abundance. 

The water power is immense, 
both on the Yadkin and its numerous 
tributaries; and it is impossible to 
estimate the amount of wealth and 
•energy and happiness that will be 
some day seated through this coun- 

(this item from the story will be 
of special interest to those of us that 
-did not live near those days) It is 
in contemplation to make the Yadkin 
navigable; and there is every pros- 
pect that the object will be accom- 
plished, and that at no distant day. 
(Dr. Wiley's prophecy as to the 
development of the water-power 
has com-? true and in years to follow 
will be much larger; but making the 
"Yadkin navigable is an unrealized 
dream; and Commissioner Frank 
Page with a great concrete bridge 
and the developed water powers 
have made this part of the dreamer's 
prophetic statement an impossibility 

for ail time to come. - Editor's, 

The enterprising population \v h i ch 
will fill this favored section, must 
and will have an outlet for the vast 
and- valuable surplus productions 
of its labour; and the construction of 1 
the Central Railroad (the Old North 
Carolina railroad) will but increase 
the necessky of making the river 
also a highway for commerce. It is 
said that it can be rendered navigable 
as high' as Wilkesboro, in the county 
of Wilkes; and when that is done and 
the road finished, our Eastern friends 
can make very delightful summer 
excursions to the mountains. The 
cars will bring them to the ri yer; 
and there they will enter a tine steam- 
boat, and pass up through banks 
that become steeper and higher, 
till the occasional cliff and pro- 
monotory are merged in a compact 
series of stupendous hills and craggy 

Lower down it is contemplated to 
connect the Yadkin with 'he deep 
river improvement, by means of 
what is called a portage railroad; that 
is, a road ever which thi freight 
boats taken from one river will be 
transported to the other. These 
improvements are sure to be made 
in the course of time; and just glance 
your eye over the country, and s^e 
what a land of promise it is! 

If we camp beside our money bags, unmoved by the distress we easily 
could help to relieve, there will descend upon us the accumulated hate of 






Ralph Hoyt, an Episcopal clergyman, was born in New York in 1810. 
He has written a few poems, the following being most frequently met 
■vith. He died in 1878. 

HE World for sale!---Hang out the sign; 
C all every traveler here to me; 
Who'll buy this brave estate of wine. 
And set me from earth's bondage free? 
'Tis going! ---Yes, I mean to fling 
The hauble from mv soul away; 

I'll sell it, whatsoe'er it bring; 

7 he world at auction here ic-day! 

It ts a glorious thing to see,- — 

Ah, it has cheated me sore! 
It is not what it seems to be: 

For sale! It shall be mine no more. 
Come, turn it o'er and view it Well; 

I would not have you purchase dear; 
'Tis going! ---Going! I must sell! 

Who bids? Who'll buy this splendid tear? 

Here's Wealth in glittering heaps oj gold:- — 

Who bids?---But lei me tell you j air, 
A baser lot was never sold; 

Who'll buy the heavy heaps of care? 
A nd here, spread out in hroad domain, 

A goodly landscape all may trace; 
Hall, cottage, tree, field, hill, and, plain;— 

Who'll buy himself a burial place? 

Here's Love, the dreary potent spell 

That beauty fling around the heart; 
I \now its power, alas, too well! 

'Tis going!--Love and I must part! 
Must part!— What can I more with love? 

All over (he enchanter's reign; 


Who'll buy the plumeless, dying dove,--- 
An hour of bliss, —an age of pain? 

And Friendship,-- -rarest gem of earth, 

(Whoe'er hath found the jcrvel his?) 
Frail, fickle, false, and little Worth,— 

Who bids for friendship -as it is? 
'lis going! Qoing!---Hear the call: 

One, t.cice, and thrice!--- lis very loul! 
'Tu'as once my hope, my stay, my all,— 

But now the broken staff must go! 

Fame! Hold the brilliant meteor high; 

I low dazzling every gilded name! 
Ye millions, now's the time to huy! 

How much for fame? How much for fame? 
Hear how it thunders! ■■■ Would you stand 

On high Olympus far renowned?--- 
Now purchase, and a world command! 

And be with a world's curses crowned! 

Sweet star of hi ope! With ray to shine 

In every sad foreboding breast, 
Save this desponding one of mine,--- 

Who bids for man s last friend and best? 
Ah! Were'nol mine_a bankrupt life, 

This treasure Would my son! sustain; 
■ ITjut hope and I are now at strife, 

Nor^ever may unite again. 

And Song! For sale my tuneless lute; 

Sweet solace, mine no more to held; 
The chords that charmed my,soul are mule; 

I cannot Waf^e the notes of old! 
Or e'en Were mine a wizard shell, 

Could chain a World in rapture high; 
Yet now a sad farewell, farewell, 

Must on its last faint echoes die. 

Ambition, Fashion, Show, and Pride, ■■• 
I part from all forever now; 
Grief, in an overwhelming tide, 


Has taught my liaugJiiy heart to bow. 
Poor heart! Distracted, ah, so long,--- 

And still its aching throh to hear;--- 
Hoitf broken, that Was once so- slorng! 

How heavy, once so free from rare/ 

No more for me life's fitful dream;--- 

Bright vision vanishing aw a])! 
My harfc requires a deeper stream; 

My sinking soul a surer slay. 
By Death, stern sheriff, all bereft! 

I Weep, yet humbly l^iss the rod; 
The best of all I still have left,— 

My Faith, my ffible, and my God. 

Institutional Notes. 

(Swift Davis, Reporter.) 

Mr. J. Lee White, barn force 
manager, is getting ready to plant 
the Spring and Summer crops. The 
boys have already planted a little. 

Weather b°.ing so favorable. Mr. 
Johnson, during the time the boys 
play ball, places up his net and has 
a very pleasant game of tennis with 
his boy-opponents, Victor High and 

Avery Roberts, Murray Evans, 
and Loxely Sanders were visited by 
"home-folks" last Wednesday. All 
of the participants were very much 
pleased and made happy by the fami- 
ly reunions. 

Mrs. Talbert, of Concord, who 
has been sick for some time, but is 
now quite well, has arrived at the 
home of her son, Mr. T. V. Talbert, 
who has a farm down the highway 
just below the school. 

Mr. Cloor's new assistant in the 

shop building is Arvel Absher. This 
statement is only made by that of the 
assistant and is not guaranteed. 
Other assurances must be had by 
confronting Mr. Cloer. 

Again the time for cutting hair 
has arrived. After a month or so of 
free growing, this work makes a de- 
cided improvement in appearance. 
If they have no better trade when 
they leave hero, Lamb, Huggins and 
Bertram Hart will make very excel- 
lent barbers. 

Rev. Mr. Lawrence, of Concord, 
delivered afar-reaching sermon to 
the boys Sunday. He spoke from 
the topic "Persistence" and took 
for his text the verse: "Re not weary 
in well doing, for in due season we 
shall reap if we faint not," which 
suggested to him the topic "Persis- 

One day last week, to be exact, 
Tuesday, Howard Gilbert, who is in 
the fifth cottage, received a crate of 
oranges from his brother, Mr. Mack 
Gilbert, of Florida. Very generous- 



ly indeed, he divided a portion of his 
oranges among the boys of his cot- 
tage. The boys take this means of 
thanking him. 

Last Saturday, Sanford Hedrick 
left our midst to obey a court sum- 
mons in Lexington. His duty was 
that of a witness. Wednesday, he 
came back, accompanied by his fath- 
er, Mr. T. L. Hedrick, of Lexington. 
Mr. Hedrick was shown over the 
school, and was very pleased and 
satisfied by his survey. 

Because of the fact that the new 
boys who arrive here are not 
able to get the exercises in drill cor- 
rectly so soon, several boys in each 
cottage are detailed to teach the 
regular exercises to the "new 'ens" 
in the cottage basement. As a re- 
sult of this previous practice, the 
.squad which is drilling takes on 
a more uniform movement and it is, 
indeed, a pleasure to see the perhaps 
future soldiers going through their 
exercise so perfect. 

Quite a few of the boys went for a 
walk Sunday afternoon in a response 
t,o its call to the awakening of 
spring. The twenty-first of this 
month is the date for the true ar- 
rival of Spring and for that day and 
many afterward, eyes are eagerly 
watching. Spring means birds; birds 
mean song ang music; music means 
and brings charm to the soul; charm 
means happiness; happiness means 
joy in the belief of Christ and Christ 
means every-thing, all. 

Not being satisfied with the eight 
or ten hymns sung in Sunday School 
and Church, Sunday, the boys want- 
ed to sing that night. So, per- 
mission being granted by the officers, 
they sang a few songs such as Near- 

er My G< d to Thee, Jesus Savior 
Pilot Me, Let The Lower Lights Be 
Burning, Softly and Tenderly, Bles- 
ed Assurance. 'I hese and a few 
others are their favorites and they 
are sung with u'reat ethusiasni 
fervor, spirit and feelings. 

Originality of the boys expresses 
itself in quite frequent outbursts at 
the school. Water wheels, wind 
mills, kites, weighing machines, pic- 
ture machines, cash registois- 
though whence the cash I know not 
--•and air gliders. Many more eon- 
prise the stock but space does not 
permit of naming them. Having 
named the inventions, I will name 
some of their inventors: William 
Wilson. Jerome Bruton, Jo. Kennon 
Alvin Cook and many others. Though 
these have already been invented ly 
men, they are home made and de- 
serve credit and mention. 

Frequently, something worthy of 
notice happens in the "big" room— 
the one of highest grades. For their 
programme on Saturday afternoon, 
the boys had to memorize the twelfth 
chapter of Romans. Even reading 
this chapter, improves a person 
mentally, and morally, and, if wego 
to extremes, we may say physically. 
But knowing the chapter "off by 
heart" aids one more than just mere- 
ly reading it. Who knowsbut what 
in the throes of some future pussible 
temptation, one of these boys may re- 
member a clause in this chapter and 
by this substantial aid fight it off? 

In the big room a picture was be- 
ing placed. Mr. Johnson, using his 
judgment, placed it on :» south 
wall, a side wall. Mr. Fisher hap- 
pening along at this time, said ia 
his opinion it should, be placed on. 



the rear wall. Quite a friendly ar- 
gument issued thereby. Mr. Fisher 
(knowing women) said he would 
leave it to Miss Greenlee, who also 
teaches a room. Therefore Miss 
Greenlee was appealed to. She 
came and when she saw "how the 
land lay," she verified Mr. Fisher's 
judgment. Then, capping- the cli- 
max, she stated that both pictures 
should be placed on the rear wall. 
Mr. Johnson does not know what to 

Saturday evenings are always 
eagerly awaited by the boys, for on 
this day they are the recipients of a 
half holiday, A half-holiday mears 
atrip to the ball-grounds where all 
sorts of games to arouse the boy's 
interest await them. Wrestling, 
foot-ball, marbles and many others 
constitute their program. But there 
is one in which they take especial 
pride, base-ball. Saturday, in the 
summer, is the usual day for our 
games with other visitors. Soon as 
the b:-"se-ball season sets fairly in, 
we expect and desire to have many 
rivals. As they do well in most 
things, so the boys do well in base- 
ball. Watch how the short-stop 
scoups up a hot-liner and shoots it to 
first, the sensational successful long 
tun catch made by the fielder, the 
adroit work of the baseman as they 
pull off double and triple plays these 
are all remarkable for a juvenile 
team, but the teamwork which ex- 
ists between the pitcher and catcher 
is what wins the game. A real and 
unusual record is hereby predicted 
by the writer. 

missioners held at noon today J. P. 
Cook, founder of the Stonewall Jack- 
son Training school for delinquent 
boys, returned to that body a large 
sum of money appropriated to con- 
struct a Durham cottage at the 
school. The sum appropriated was 
$24,000, with several thousand being 
returned to the county. 

This is made possible through the 
fact that the amount appropriated 
was more than enough to build the 
cottage. --Durham Sun 10th. 


If one hundred persons were se- 
lected from each of the one hundred 
counties in North Carolina and each 
one asked to give what he or she 
regarded as the greatest reed of the 
State---perhaps there would be a 
variety of answers. 

But after observation of years and 
after seeing all of North Carolina as 
we have seen it, we are of the opin- 
ion that the jrreatest need of this 
State is fathers and mothers who 
will take charge of their children, 
control and govern them until they 
are 12 or 15 years of age at least. 

Only a few weeks ago a great big 
strong father told this writer that 
he could not control bis boy who is 
just in the ''teens." 

In the name of common sense 
ought not such a man to go home 
and put on a dress, quit calling him- 
self a man, and turn his houshold 
over to the management of his wife 
— Catawba News Enterprize. 

Building Funds Returned. 
At a meeting of the county com- 

THE Uplift desires a representa- 
tive in every locality to solicit sub- 
scripti >ns. Liberal commission, 
Write for information. 

a i p- 

Issued Weekly— Subscription $2.00 


CONCORD, N. C, MARCH 25, 1922 

NO. 20 



Mother Church is most holy when she is 
most a mother. An old lady lay dying. Her 
youngest child had been dead twenty years. 
She aroused from a long stupor and asked, "Is 
it night?" "Yes," was the answer, "it is mid- 
night." "Are all the children in?" was the 
next anxious query. Then she closed her eyes 
and died. When on, the verge of eternity she 
drifted back to the days when her children 
were young and her mother instinct asserted 
itself in the only question she cared to ask. 
When that solicitude was satisfied she was 
ready to bid farewell to e.lrth. There is no 
question more urgent upon the church to-day 
than this: Are all our children in? — Parents 
ought to lose more sleep over this question than 
many of them do. When we see so many boys 
and girls on the streets at night, and in the 
c^eap shows, ^nd hurrying to dance halls and 
all sorts of dangerous places, we feel like cry- 
ing out for the quickening of the mother in- 
stinct and the father instinct everywhere. — 

..♦..*. .♦,*♦.•: 



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between the South and V/asMagton and New York 


v. a 


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No. 133 

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9.20 PM 


2,55PM 12.06AM 

9.35PM 7.10AM T.IOA 

No. 38 



1 do AM 


12.20 PM 

2.40 PI.l 

4.05 PM 
6. 1 PM 



If Terminal Station (Crnt. Ttr 
t I Pcachtrcc Station (Cent. Tir 
r GREENVILLE. S. C. (Ej.I. H, 
r Hi,;h Paint, N. C 
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No. 37 


2.10 PM 
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5 ,05PM 

No. 137 

1.50 PM 
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No. 3S 

5. 2 SAM 
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ci-io-WiiSiojIon toun.t jltcpinj tar narthLoMi-.J. L:«j,.n| i sr L:I.t.n and All«rt( 

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e: Not. 2J and 30 u.e PeaihlrM Strtel only at Atlanta. 

t: Train No. US connccta at V.'.,,,| nn with "COLONIAL EXPRESS," ll.rour.ri train to Boat 
aih.r, t ion 3 15 A. M. ,u Ptnna. Syatam. 


'*) 77:e Double Tracked Trunk Line Return Atlanta, Ga. and IVosAin, 

aiffiWrfiflEflaV 1 

The Uplift 



The Authority of the Stonewall Jackson Manual Training and Industrial 

School. Type-setting by the Boy's Printing Class. Suhscripton 

Two Dollars the year in Advance. 

JAMES P. COOK, Editor, J. C. FISHER, Director Printing Department 

Entered as second-class matter Dec. 4, 1020, at the Post Office at Concord, 
N. C. under Act of March 3, 1870. 


Be hopeful, friend, when clouds are dark 

And days are gloomy, dreary; 
Be hopeful even when (he heart 

Is sick and sad and weary. 
Be hopeful when it seems your plans 

Are all opposed and thwarted; 
Go not. upon life's battlefield 

Despondent and faint-hearted. 
And, friend, be hopeful of yourself. 

Do by-gone follies haunt you? 
Forget them and begin afresh, 

And let no interest daunt you. 
Though unimportant your career 

May seem as you begin it, 
Press on, for victory's ahead; 

Be hopeful, friend, and win it. 

' ; -•• Exchange. 


The astronomical reporter of the Charlotte Observer, in Monday's issue, 
introduces Spring with a rain, lightening and thunder btorm, callinginasa 
reinforcement the favorite Latin of the geometrician. . It is a iolly wel- 
come to Spring, for which we are all looking and standing ready to meet. 
But during the course of explanation as to how the seasons have a way of 
coming and going, the said astronomical reporter makes this statement: 
This is a spring month, but tomorrow, it is recorded, is equinox 

when the sun, after spending approximately six months in northern 


skies, is so far returned toward the south as to be at the middle point 

of its journey, after which it continues on its southerly march until the 

long and hot days of summer are reached. 

This jars one of our youngsters, Master Edwin, the smallest, and young- 
est linotype operator in the whole state, if not in the United States. Ed- 
win is siime authority on what geography teaches about the moving: stunts 
of the sun and the earth, the latter interesting him considerably more than 
the former. He thinks the Obsever's astronomer is all wrong, having git- 
ten the sun headed the wrong way at this period. Edwin declares that if 
the "sun keeps on going as the reporter claims, we will have winter for an- 
other six months; and this will break all weather records of the ages and 
put the ground hog out of commission." 

This same youngster draws what Maury's geography ( a truly line work 
on geography that suited the needs of the public schools and was kicked 
out of them by a crowd of theory doctors for one that did not give even 
a dozen words about North Carolina) has to say about the doings of this 
season business: "In passing northward, the sun crosses the equator. This 
bappens on the 21st of March every year. On that day the sun sets at the 
south pole and rises at the north pole. At all others places it rises and 
setsat 6 o'clock; consequently the day and night are then equal: this is the 
Vernal or Spring Equinox. Six months afterward—on the 22ond of Sep- 
tember—as the sun returns from the northern skies, he again crosses the 
equator," and Autumn is supposed to begin. 

Master Edwin, holding fast to his geographical knowledge, proceeded to 
add, "when the sun in its northern course reaches the end of his course it 
is Jtine 21st, the longest day, and this is called the Summer Solstice; and 
on the 22ond day of December when the sun has reached the furtherest 
point south, it is the shortest day and is called the Winter Solstice." 

Edwin insists that he is right and that the Observer had the sun travel- 
ing m the wrong direction. At any rate, both agree that "the sun do move." 


,Mr. Julian S. Carr, Jr., of Durham, who died at the Pennsylvania hotel, 
New York, Friday morning, was one of the outstanding captains of indus- 
try among the young men of North Carolina. His energies and develop- 
ing powers were directed along the establishment of Hosiery Mills, 

Clean of life, with high and ennobling impulses, superb executive ability, 
firm as a rock for equal justice among men, and a stranger to arrogance, 



are life things that helped to make young: Carr a choice spirit in the state. 
Side by side with him through his married life followed the fine spirit and 
helpfulness of a noble little woman, of attractive personality and a pleas- 
ing and unaffected manner. She in her. maiden name was Miss Margaret 
Cannon, of Concord, and when her husband come to cross over the river 
this devuted wife and splendid little mother followed him to the very brink. 
Young Julian Carr, as his numerous friends fondly spoke of him, dis- 
tinguishing between him and his honored father, General Julian S. Carr, 
was among the first, if not the very first, of North Carolina's industrial 
leaders that inaugurated what we are pleased to term "an industrial de- 
mocracy. '' It started off well; it was succeeding admirably; and, expect 
for the effects of the war which has upset nearly every phase of industrial 
activity, to-day would have been satisfactorily demonstrated and firmly es- 
tablished. Young Carr practiced, even to his hurt at times, what he believed 
in and preached— insincerity for gain or for notoriety had no acquaintance 

with him. 

This sudden and untimely death of a most useful and forwardlooking 
citizen is a severe loss to the state; but coming when it did. caused deep 
anxiety throughout the state, for his own father, General Carr, one of the 
state's most beloved, was struggling to survive the attack of serious illness 
and it was feared that this shock would prove too much for the brave sol- 
dier that he is. The latest is. to the joy of the state, that Gereral Carr 
resigned to the will of the Lord bravely stood the terrible shock. 


Dr. Clarence Poe, on his page in the Progressive Farmer, makes vig- 
orous reference to the ignorance and carelessness that prevail in the proper 
course to pursue with infants. He says: 

"First of all, lam glad that Mrs. Hutt laid so much emphasis on 
health subjects, especially in the care of children. The death tate 
among infants in America is a disgrace to our civilization. Fittingly 
has it been called "The Slaught=r of the Innocents." And a very large 
proportion of the deaths among children is due to the lack of informa- 
tion. The mothers are willing to do the right thing if they only knew 
what that right thing is. But so many of them do not know. 

Not long ago I was at the funeral of a tenant farmer's child not yet 
a year old who had been fed such things as cabbage, pork, bananas, and 
sweet potatoes— and probably coffee! The child had seemed to flourish 
on these things for awhile, and a more careful mother had exclaimed. 


"Well, it looks like that child that just eats anything- is just as healthy 
as mine are, after all the care I give them!" But the change came— 
and I heard the weeping of the less careful mother as she followed the 
little white casket to the graveyard." 

Taking- an accurate stock of the actual results, it is far more important 
to see that the infant is properly cared for, to avoid death or an aggravating 
annoyance throughout life, than to teach that child its letters. That agency 
that treats how to avoid death, or illness, or maimness, or suffering- and 
sorrowjn'motherhood, is the very highest type of promoting education. 
Such things ought to and do appeal to all Boards that function aright in 
getting - most out of the maintenance of their' agencies for the common 
welfare of the people. . 


There seems no doubt that a majority of the people of the United States 
oppose the idea of paying the soldiers of the World War the proposed 
bonus;'at"any rate, at this time, because of the burden of taxation and the 
unsettled condition of all businesses. There are many, who oppose most 
vehemently the paying of a bonus to that part of the war equipment that 
did not^see service beyoud the seas. 

'lhe fact remains, however, that just because some or even a great part 
of theipeople think little of the bonus payment, does not make a refusal 
to grant it the right thing to do. Mr. Clark elsewhere in this number 
feasons most soundly and clearly the proposition. He regrets that it has 
been asked; but since the demand has been made and a feeling is certainly 
manifest that the soldiers feel that they have not been handed a square 
deal in comparison with the stay-at-homes the proper thing to do is, to jump 
in and pay it by direct taxes. 

Very wisely Mr. Clark suggests "keeping in mind the eternal principle 
that should govern all tax levies— that all should pay in accordance with 
what they have.'' 


In the communication of Lawyer Caldwell there is evidence of an abiding 
joy in the remembrance of scenes and experiences in those days when log- 
houses constituted the average seat of learning. Many of our readers, wh» 


graduated at these mighty educational agencies, and who since constitute 
the large majority of the worthwhile men and women in the affairs of the 
times, will enjoy the fine description of how they endeavored to lead pupils 
to think, and how they entertained theniselves in working off an overabun" 
dance of ; outhful physical energy. 

A vast improvement in the physical equipment of the schools has been 
made, children enjoying certain comforts that did not obtain in the clays 
of which Mr. Caldwell so entertaingly writes. But one thing is equally 
Certain-- -and those of us who can touch both periods too well know---the 
drill master of those days, the practical teachers, born to the art, and not 
hand-made by an autocratic ruling, are not as numerous to-day. The tea- 
chers of those days earned their reputations as school mpsters in the school 
of experience and by successful accomplishments- they had never heard of 
the "units" that play such a high roll with the teacher factories of the 
present: times---and they did their work so effectively and secured such 
practical results that their services were sought far and wide. 

By an arbitrary, hand-made rule in vogue to-day, when a certain course 
is completed in certain designated schools that pass muster with the theory 
doctors on the point of "units" they are s'arted off as teachers at hand- 
some salaries, even though they had not enjoyed a day's experience, lack a 
teacher's temperament and have but little vision except that secured in a 
six-weeks summer school loaded down with theory upon theory, many of 
which change year after year with a change of faculty, or when the theory 
becomes frazzled. 

Teachers, real teachers that lead pupils to think for themselves and to 
know thoroughly what they know, are born, not made; and no man-made 
device or thecry or mechanical arrangement can change this law. 

Hon. Josephus Daniels some days ago delivered in Pitt county, N. C. an 
address of wonderful force and good sense. The occasion was the opening 
of the "live-at-home campaign." which Governor Morrison has fathered. 
Instead of confining himself to telling the farmers what to do, Mr. Daniels 
analyzed most clearly the causes that have led up to the predicament and 
condition in which the average farmer now finds himself. The reasoning 
of that address can not be overcome, and it would mean much to the in- 
telligence and benefit of the state if Mr. Daniels could be induced to deliver 
that very strong address in every county of North Carolina. In view of the 
impracticability of doing that in a reasonable time, it should be printed in 


pamphlet form and freely circulated throughout the state. 

o o n a o 

Besides the inestimable benefits direct to the children through the opera- 
tion and talks of health officers, the important subject of the care of the 
body and its healthful condition is dignified and is made a worthwhile con- 
cern of the children. It is a known fact that oftentimes school children, 
becoming interested in the subjects pertaining to the care of the body 
through these visiting health officers, become real missionaries in their 
own homes. It has been demonstrated time and time again during the past 
year that where a schiol child has been lead to care for its teeth, the object 
lesson has induced the parents to feel a keener interest in the condition of 
their own mouths. 

"It is hard to teach an old dog new tricks." That is true also in the 
the realm of the kingdom of higher animals. '1 he missionary has but lit- 
tle chance with the adult heathen--he seeks the child the child, becomes the 
man-- the child leads the world. Many a father and mother, steeped in ap- 
palling ignorance, have been brought to see the light through their child, 
who chanced to fall under the influence of an agent teaching the proper care 
of the body and the irr portance of the observance of the primary laws 
governing health. This is practical education, that counts, even in ages 
to come. Let such agencies be not thwarted. 

Down in Pitt County the Prohibition officers are in action. Five stills 
were destroyed in one week, 10,000 gallons of beer poured out, one preach- 
er and a constable were arrested. This sounds like "Dan" Widenhouse's 
doings, though in his rounding-up he has never encountered a preacher 
presiding over a still. The foolish scoffers will in their, wicked souls charge 
this preacher's unworthy and despicable conduct against the church. The 
church, however, is decidedly the gainer to have the hypocrite jugged. 

• • • 

Sister Ellen D. Davis, a great grand-daughter of Benjamin Franklin, has 
announced her candidacy for the Democratic nomination for Congress in the 
Second Pennsylvania district. Mrs. Davis had first decided to offer for the 
United States Senate, but brother Davis, her hubby, thought a state-wiite 
canvass would tax her physical strength too much. Such a considerate hus- 

tup: uplift 


band and such an obedient wife! Such things as these convinc-2 us that the 
world is pretty good in spots. 

» A »*, A A .♦- *♦* A A .♦* A i! 


A Hart hotly pursued by the hounds fled for refuge into an ox- 
stall, and buried itself in a truss of hay, leaving nothing to be 
seen but the tips of his horns. Soon after the Hunters came up 
and asked if any one had seen the Hart. The stable boys, who 
had been resting after their dinner, looked round, but could see 
nothing, and the Hunters went away. Shortly afterwards the 
master came in, and looking round, saw sometning unusual had 
taken place. Pie pointed to the truss of hay and said: "What 
are those curious things sticking out of the hay?" And when the 
stable boys came to look they discovered the Hart, and soon made 
an end of him. He thus learned that 






Greensboro, N. C. 






Edward Payson Wharton', of Greensboro, is a cotmtry-born and country- 
reared gentleman, having- been born two and one-half miles north-east of 
Greensboro, July 18, 1859, on what was regarded a poor farm. There are 
hundreds and thousands of good people of whom the foregoing can be truth- 
fully said; but all these thousands of good people have not tackled similar 
propositions, have not waged pro- self that the finest solution was by 

longed and successful battles and 
have not set in motion and in action 
the great agencies, which belong to 
the record of our subject. 

The record and the accomplish- 
ments of this man Wharton, at 
whatever angle you view them, are 
little short of marvelous and all but 
romantic. Born in the country, con- 
fronted by country difficulties and 
handicaps, having access to only the 
average rural school facilities, ex- 
cepting a short period in the school 
conducted in Greensboro by Dr. 
Alexander Mclver, at an early age 
it fell to his lot to direct the opera- 
tions of the farm. Here is where 
our subject discovered himself. He 
used his head, and energy and am- 
bition were greatly in evidence. 
He set up for himself an ideal and 
worked towards it. Anybody, he 
knew, could work an average farm 
and by industry and economy make 
a bare living, but this did not 
satisfy the ambitious youth. Taking 
charge of the farm at the age of 
thirteen, he reasoned out that the 
finest method for making the farm 
pay was by improving its fertility 
and at the same time earn a divi- 
dend; so he started a dairy, and he 
it was that started the first milk 
delivery in the city of Greensboro. 

Though just nineteen years of age. 
he tackled the proposition of how 
best and most economically to meet 
the feed proposition with his herd 
°l cows. Soon he convinced him- 

using silage, and forthwith he pro- 
ceeded to erect for his own use a silo 
--this was the first silo erected in 
Guilford county, and probably the 
first in North Carolina. This oc- 
curred way back in 1879. From this 
beginning and this showing of the 
way, the use of silos has covered the 

That his mother might enjoy 
more comfortable surroundings and 
take life easier, and to give his 
energies a wider field and larger op- 
portunities, he moved to Greensboro 
January, 1887. Here under the firm 
name of Wharton, Hunt & Co., he 
started a lumber business. The log3 
were shipped from Moore county, 
using the old C. V. & Y.V. railroad; 
but when they changed the freight 
rates to the prohibitive point, he 
immediately moved a saw-mill to the 
woofs and prepared his stock on the 
ground. This Company finally grew 
into what is now known as the 
Guilford Lumber Co., in 1888, in 
which he is now largely interested. 
The first Fire Insurance Company 
organized in Greensboro (1895) was 
the product of his brain and vision; 
and since that day a number of com- 
panies have engaged in fire insurance 
business at Greensboro until the 
companies of that city to-day have 
the distincion of writing more fire 
insurance than any place South of 

Having stai ted a real estate in- 
surance business, in 1888, under the 


firm name of E. P. Wharton & Co., holders and a director. This com- 
his father being the silent partner, pan.v does an immense business in 
the business prospered and was re- more than twenty states. _ I incident- 
organized as the Wharton Real Estate ally asked a mutual friend how many 
& Investment Company, of which companies and corporations he sup- 
Mr Wharton was the first secretary posed Mr. Wharton was financially 
& treasurer and afterwards its presi- interested in and had much to do 
dent This company later became with their direction. He answered, 
the Southern Life and Trust Com- "the Lord, only, knows; but 1 know 
pany its $25 000 capital becoming that there are but few industrial 
later'a million dollars, all earned, corporations in which he is not vit- 
and the stock to-day is marketable ally interested; he has been a most 
at $200.00 per share. Of this com- successful promoter and made things 
pany Mr. Wharton was president un- move." 

til 1912 A short time after this I myself know of many other 
Mr Warton organized the American businesses in which our subject is 
Exchange Bank, now the American financially concerned, but the fore- 
Exchange National Bank, which going brief outline suffices to identi- 
owns Greensboro's first sky-scraper, fy him as a real captain of industry, 
and which is one of the strongest and clearly reveals what seems a 
banks in Piedmont North Carolina, tireless energy and shows a fine 
For several vears he was the presi" vision. It mu't not be thought that 
dent of the bank, and is now a direc- Mr. Wharton is only interestsd in 
tor that proposition which leads up to 
Five years ago the subject of our and grasps the almighty dollar. Ha 
sketch became the president of the is public spirited; he is right much 
Greensboro National Bank, which of a joiner of the organizations and 
materially grew under his direction associations that have in view alone 
and considerably widened its service, the betterment of community life 
Jnst a month ago, Mr. and increasing the growth of his 
spiring to get released from some of favorite city. He is chairman of 
his strenuous duties and availing the Board of Trustees of the Greens- 
himself of the joys of outside life, boro Public Library, member of 
effected a favorable consolidation of the Manufacturers Club, the Rotary 
the Greensboro National Bank with Club, a director of the Y. M. C. A., 
the American Exchange National president of the Board of Trustees 
Bank, in which he is interested in a of the Palmer Memorial Industrial 
large way and of which he is a di- Institute for colored people, trustee 
r ector. of the Jackson Training School and 
Mr. Wharton was also one of the the State Hospital at Morgranton, 
organizers of the Carolina Steel in all of which positions he showsat 
Bridge & Construction Company, at all times a deep interest, as if he 
Burlington, ami was its first presi- had a personal return for the noble 
dent. This business has been con- and ennobling service he most cheer- 

solidated with the Virginia Bridge & fully and faithfully renders. 
Iron Company, of Roanoke, Va., in In 1889 Mr. Wharton married 

which he is one of the largest stock- Miss Ida M. Murray, a native ot 



Greensboro, a most excellent woman 
and a member of one of Guilford's 
most esteemed and worthy families. 
By this union there were born two 
daughters, who are now Mrs M. F. 
Douglas and Mrs. Walter F. Cole. 
There are five grand children. In 
1915, Mrs. Wharton, being knocked 
down by a passing street car, was so 
terribly injured that she survived 
the accident just six hours. In May 
1920, Mr. Wharton was married to 
Jlrs. C. N. Wharton, of Kentucky. 
In this man there is not only a 
native sense of justice and a desire to 
do the right thing, but he strives to 
avoid any attitude or position that 
would even suggest taking an ad- 
vantage. I happen to know of just 
one deed that lies at the door of 
Mr. Wharton that shows the manner 
of man he is, and how far he would 
go to see that suffering could be 
avoided. One might gather from 
the foregoing that Mr. Wharton had 
only to touch a thing and it turned 
into money. A friend asked him 
one day, "Ed, have you never been 
a stockholder in a concern that fail- 
ed to make good?" He is reported 
to have acknowledged that he was 
taken in once by a company that "hit 
the ceiling" and he not only lost his 
own investment, but had to pay con- 
siderable security money. This fail- 
ure was not due to his management 
and he was in no wise responsible 
for the collapse. But following this 
failure, and this I knew of my own 
knowledge, Mr. Wharton did a deed 
that not over one in ten thousand 
would even consider doing. In that 
company were a large number of 
women stockholders, who could ill af- 
ford the loss, and while he was in no 
way responsible for thvir loss, moral- 
ly or legally, he personally kept every 

woman stockholder inviolate from a 
single cent ot loss. Heaven had 
been good to him, and in this manner 
he grasped the privilege and oppor- 
tunity of showing his gratitude. 

If you would tell the average 
Greensboro citizen, who knows this 
man most intimately, his unblemish- 
ed life, hisstrenuous devotion to bus- 
iness, his activity and liberality in 
church and civic matters, that Ed- 
ward Pay son Wharton "is a high 
flyer," you would invite a contro- 
versy on the spot. That's just what 
he is— only in an orderly and justified 
manner. Loaded down with bus- 
iness and business engagements, and 
prompt in every duty and obligation, 
he has several times flown to Roan- 
oke, Virginia. A pressing engage- 
ment called him to Roanoke recently, 
and the schedules of the trains made 
a negotiation of the trip in time im- 
possible, so he chartered a flying 
machine, bade his wife good-by 
when she manifested an abiding love 
for Greensboro atmosphere, and re- 
ached Roanoke in ample time for his 
engagement, and, bking aeriel, high- 
flying so well, he returned by the 
same method. Thar, has been the 
record of this man of energy and 
laudable ambition during all his 
year ; , and, as he approaches his 
sixty-third birthday, there is no out- 
ward evidence that, that tireless en- 
ergy has abated one jot. 

The life and success of Mr. Whar- 
ton emphasizes two well established 
facts: (1) in a large measure a man 
is the architect of his own fortune, 
can overcame obstacles and handi- 
caps and, not opportunities 
thrust upon him, he can go out and 
make thorn; and (2) regular atten- 
dance upon the privileges and duties 
of courch activities and contributing 


a faithful and liberal service to a a milk seller, a dairy farmer, then a 
common pood are not inconsistent' captain of industry and a financier, 

with making a handsome and honest now comfortable fixed, looks the 

fortune. world square in the face— and during 

Edward Payson Wharton not long- all these experiences and strenuous 

ago was a bare-footed country boy, activities he has not forgotten God. 



Ah, how wonderful is the advent of the spring! — The great annual miracle 
of the blossoming of Aaron's rod, repeated on myriads and myriads of bran- 
ches ! — The gentle progression and growth of herbs, flowers and trees, — gentle, 
and yet irrepressible, — which no force can stay, no violence restrain, like love, 
that wins its way and cannot be withstood by any human power. If spring 
came but once a century, instead of once a year, or a burst forth with the 
sound of an earthquake, and not in silence, what wonder rind expectation would 
there be in all hearts to behold the miraculous change! 

But now the silent succession suggests nothing but necessity. To most men, 
only the cessation of the miracle, would be miraculous, and the perpetual ex- 
ercise of God's power seems less wonderful than its withdrawal would be. 
We are like children who are astonished and delighted only by the second hand 
of the clock, not by the hour hand. 

The Wizard 01 The Alphabet 

Did you ever think what a strange letter "S" is? It is a serpent in dis- 
guise. Listen— you can hear it hiss, it is the wizard' of the alphabet. 
If gives possession and multiplies indefinitely by its touch. It changes a pear 
nto a spear, a word into a sword, laughter into slaughter. Farmers have to 
watch it ciosely. It will make scorn of his corn, and reduce every peck to a 

speck. Sometimes he finds it useful, before his horses, the team will turn 

If he needs more room for his scock into steam. If ever you get hurt, 

it will change a table into a stable call the serpent to your aid. Initan- 

for him; and if he is short of hay he tly your pain will he in Spain. Be 

can get a row of tacks and it will sure to take it with you the next 

turn them into stacks. He must be time you climb the mountain, if you 

careful, however, not to let his nails desire to witness a marvel; it will 

lie loose, for the serpent's breath will make the peak speak. But do cot 

turn them into snails. If he wishes let it come near you while you are 

to see an engine about his farm, reading now, it will make the tale 

he need not have ar.ycoalor water stale.-- Selected, 
to work it; let the serpent glide 





Talking with a Confederate veteran recently (only a few of them are left), 
he was recalling a number of acquaintances, now dead, who left good estates; 
and he incidentally mentioned three or four who, he said, laid the foundation of 
their wealth during the war of the COs. They were not in the army, and being 
at home could take advantage of opportunities. They saved some cotton out of 

the war, he said and as cotton was best service of which they were cap- 
very valuable at the end of the conflict able for the support of the army and 

they got a start. There was no crit- 
icism of these men; no intimation 
that they had dodged army service or 
were given a special privilege in ex- 
emption, or had taken undue advan- 
tage of the opportunities that came 
their way. Some body had to be left 
at home; and those who were pro- 
perly exempted from army service 
cither for special service at home or 
because they were unfit for military 
duty, were not special objects of fav- 
oritism, generally speaking. Hut- the 
fact remains that those who were left 
at home for any reason were not only 
spared the hardships and dangers of 
the fields, but they had opportuni- 
ties — very limited in the war of the 
Confederacy, but an occasional chance, 
nevertheless — to safeguard their mat- 
erial interests that the soldier in the 
field could not have. And doubtless 
when the survivors of the Confederate 
army came homo, most of them stripp- 
ed of their earthly possessions, and 
found one here and there who had not 
served in the army, better fixed, there 
was a feeling of resentment, of in- 
justice, that (lamed hot. Even if 
those exempted from army service 
Were justly and fairly exempted, as 
they were in the majority of cases of 
course: and even if it were admitted 
that the stay-at-home had rendered the 

to help dependents at home, and that 
there was nothing shady in the tran- 
sactions by which they profited, the 
feeling of injustice remained. It 
wasn't fair for one who had escaped 
the hardship of army service to pro- 
fit by it in addition. 

There were few stay-at-homes from 
the Confederate army who profited 
because there were very few stay-at- 
homes, comparatively, and few oppor- 
tunities to profiteer. Therefore the 
feeling of injustice was not so wide 
spread, because there were so few ex- 
amples to inspire it. The ideas sug- 
gested by the Confederate veteran's 
remarks, further suggest that no doubt 
at the close of every war there is a 
feeling among the men in active ser- 
vice that they were made the "goats," 
while those who stayed at home were 
the beneficiaries, who prospered at 
their expense. The comparison is of- 
ten unfair and the criticism of the) 
stay-at-homes is often unjust. Some 
stay-at-homes were willing and anx- 
ious to go but were rejected by reason 
of physical defects or were kept at 
home for some other reason and 
through no fault of their own; while 
some who went did not go willingly. 
Hut nevertheless, he who bore the 
hardship and dangers of the field 
feels that the man at home had the 



advantage — and that it isn't fair. 
This feeling is intensified in the case 
of those who served in the World 
War because there were so few, com- 
paratively, in the foreign service com- 
pared with those at home; and the op- 
portunities to profit at home were so 
many. It is unfair to make it ap- 
pear, as some of the former service 
men do, that those left at home were 
given a special privilege by way of 
discrimination. The per centage 
of those who escaped service by special 
favor was small, of course. It simply 
happened that way, not by prear- 
ranged plan. Much of the profiteer- 
ing was premeditated, but the fact 
that the man kept at home, through 
no fault of his own, had r.n opportu- 
nity to work at $5 or $10 a day and 
live in comfort while his brother en- 
dured hardship and risked his life 
for $30 per month and keep, makes 
a contrast that rankles and is bound 
to rankle in the breast of the man 
who saw active service. It can't lie 
explained away. And therefore, when 
the former service man asks for a 
small compensation that will go a lit- 
tle way toward evening up matters, 
his request is a matter for serious 
consideration. We may not admire 
the principle of the proposition. It 
is impossible to pay in money for 
army service. The value of the ser- 
vice of the man who fought in France 
cannot be computed in dollars and 
cents. And when the man who came 
out of the service sound in body and 
mind demand extra pay, in the face 
of the fact that the country is bur- 
dened with war debts and that ample 
jirovision should lie made for the phy- 
sically disabled and the dependents 
of those who perished in the struggle, 

it is easy to say that they arc com- 
mercializing their patriotism; ore 
making an unreasonable request and 
cheapening a priceless service to their 

But right here is a good place for 
serious reflection. Those of us at 
home, either because of age, disability 
or circumstance, did not suffer hard- 
ship and danger. Few of us com- 
paratively, may have profited finan- 
cially by the war — although there were 
enough and more who did profit and 
many who took unfair advantage for 
gain — and we may have gone the lim- 
it of our capacity to support the boys 
at the front. But with all that we 
had an advantage, we must admit. 
The sum they ask is a small amount 
per man, even if it bulks quite large 
in the aggregate. If they feel that 
it is coming to them should they not 
have it'? Evidently the country is 
opposed to the proposition. The only 
thing that will put it over is the fear 
of the soldier vote. But coming down 
to a matter of exact justice and the 
desire to have the men who did see 
active service feel that they were not 
objects of unjust discrimination, would 
it not be best for us all to pitch in 
and pay it .' Personally I do not think 
those who did not see service abroad 
should have almost as much as those 
who went across, as the bills propose, 
but that is a matter for the soldiers. 
One thing I do not feel that we can 
afford is to have these men think 
their country has dealt unjustly by 
them, that their service and sacrifice 
are not appreciated; and so long as 
their request is as reasonable as it is, 
it seems to me that the duty is to levy 
a tax and pay it; a tax that \vill bear 
justly and fairly — heaviest on tli033 



who profited materially as a result 
of their service. The great majority 
of tin; former service men will not 
profit l»v the payment. The few hun- 
dreds they will receive will he speedi- 
ly dissipated in most eases. But that 
is their business, not ours. If they 
feel they have it coming to them I 
would not deny them. 

It is all well to ask these men to 
vait for a more convenient season; 
I have felt that they should do that. 
But they know, as the rest of us know, 
that the propitious season will he a 
long time coining, if it ever comes. 
That what with the ship subsidies 
and all the other demands that are 
all the time being made on the govern- 

ment, keeping far ahead or our re- 
sources, their turn would be a long 
time coming ajid their chances lessen- 
ed with the passing years. 

Candidly I have felt that this re- 
request for additional compensation 
should not have been made. But as 
it has been made — and I have attempt- 
ed to show that the reason for the re- 
quest has a solid basis — and those who 
offered their all feel that it is due 
them, I could not and would not de- 
ny them. But I would go square to 
it with a tax levy, keeping in mind 
the eternal principle that should 
govern all tax levies — that all should 
pay in accordance with what they 

The new guard on a Welsh railroad came to a station which rejoiced in 
tie name Llanfairfechanpwllgogerych. For a few minutes he stood look- 
ing at the signboaTd in mute helplessness. Then pointing to the board 
.-Tid waving his other arm toward the carriages, he called, "If there's any- 
body there for here, this is it!" 



Dear to me are the days of the "Old Field" school, which I attended with 
unspeakable delight after the "crops were laid by" and before fodder pulling 
and cotton picking, and again after cotton picking and before corn planting. 
The little log school house stood on the edge of an old field, which served us 
for play ground. The cracks between the logs were daubed with mud. About 

three feet from the floor a, log was About the room were slab benches of 

cut out cm one side thus making a different elevations from the floor 

long window, with a plank and leather for the comfort of the puplis of 

hinges for opening and closing. Here different ages. In one corner sat 

^as the long writing desk, where we the teacher with a bundle of fresh 

sat upon a pine slab bench and wrote switches standing against the wall Q(t 

in our copy books. About the walls her back. Her favorite discipline was 

M ils and wooden pegs upon which 
Wre suspened the hats, bonnets sat- 
°iiels, and tin buckets of the puplis. 

to hurl one of these "hickories" at 
the feet of some culprit who was 
guilty of whispering or taking his 


eyes off bis spelling book which was After the blue back we read in tk : 
invariably held in front of the face MeGuffy's Readers, and the North 
while the pupil kept up a perpetual Carolina Header and [ challenge (lis 
noise by studying out loud. In the apostles of the present to show a 
afternoon when the entire school was better selection of literature than was 
told to get your "spells," a perfect compiled by Dr. MeGuffy of the I 
bedlam broke loose with the whole University of Virginia, or a better i 
school spelling the words aloud. In study of North Carolina history than ! 
order to appreciate the confusion one was given by Dr. Calvin II. Wiley in I 
must understand the manner in which his readers. When it comes to 
spelling was conducted or practiced in mathematics, 1 look back to those old I 1 
those days. The pupil was required days when we "ciphered" on slates 
to call out the letters of each syllable with slate pencils and "worked out" i 
and pronounce the syllable and then the "sums" in "Davies Arithmetic." 
proceed in like manner with the next Here again I defy any modern school 
syllable. Thus if the teacher should to show a larger percentage of pupils 
give out the word to be spelled, who could work any problem in the 
"publication" the process was as arithmetic studied. What we stud- 
following; p-u-b, pub, 1-i, li, c-a, ca, ied in the "old field" school we 
publico, t-i-o-n, tion, publication knew thoroughly and after learning ia 
The principal text book — which every this severe school we had minds cap- 
pupil in school was required to use able of thinking', which after all is the J 
daily — was the famous blue back only education that is worth while. | 
speller. And there were spellers in Much of our boasted education of to- 
those days! Each pupil started with day, if weighed in the balances of 
his a, b, e's, and ab-abs. ''Baker'' thoroughness, will be found wanting, 
and "horse-back " were milestones In the "old field'' school we learn- 
along his path of knowledge. "Imma- ed to spell correctly, to read for the 
teriality " and "incomprehensibility " pleasure of friends, to declaim and 
were the happy hunting grounds and recite the best masterpieces and 
when he was graduated from the poetry of the world, and we know how 
"blue back'' he could spell every to calculate any mathematical pro- 
word in the book. I had a school- ■ blem of our after life. Thus equip- 
mate, who wore out six blue back ped with the essentials we were sure 
spellers and innumerable "thumb pa- of our selves whether we passed on to 
pers," before he became thoroughly higher education or went out to fight 
familiar with the contents. Xowdays, the battle of life. 
methinks that fellow would have been Would that our school:- of today 
promoted to second grade, especially would strive to emulate the. thorough- 
if his father by chance happened to ness in these fundamental- It would 
be a member of the school board, relieve us from an ocean 'f Sniattet j 
The practical proverbs that we learn- and give us the Gibraltar of Thorough- 
ed in tin- old blue back have been ness. Better a few things known 
beacon lights in many a dark hour of perfectly, than a thousand thing* 
life's journey. superficially studied. 


This picture ot tho old field ol ''Town bull." All of these were 

I school would be incomplete with out out of door games. But when 

a reference to our play time. Sad it rained and we had to spend 

anil strange to say all the sports of the dinner hour playtime within 

riV happy si'hool days have disappear- the school house our favorite 

ed and are like the- "harp that once game was "Blind Man's . Buff." 

through Tara's hall." I sometimes We accomplished this by piling the 

sigh to think what the boys of today benches against the wall. Should the 

arc missing in their ignorance of boys of Jackson Training School like 

"Anty over", "Cat ball", "Leap to know how these games are played 

frog," ''Bull pen," " Roly holy," I may take the time to tell them. I 

"Hide eye," "Fox and geese," last feel that this article is already stiff i- 

hut not least the old fashioned game ciently long. 

Mr. Caldwell, though a lawyer, is a literary scholar, of wide reading, possess- 
ing an uncommon memory, and once upon a time was a most successful teacher. 
He never made a speech in his life, no matter what the occasion or the eireurn- 
Etance, that in spite of all he could do the evidences of extensive reading would 
pour out. He makes reference in his entertaining rvrtiele above printed that 
forces"some more talk." For instance, that quotation concerning "the harp" 
and "Tara halls" demands some attention. 

Thomas Moore, the charming Irish song-writer — who was he? That calls 
for another article at another time — poetically explains Mr. Caldwell's quo- 
tation in these beautiful, singing expressions: 

The harp that once through Tara's halls 

The soul of music shed, 
Now hangs as mute on Tara's "walls 

As if that soul were lied. 
So sleeps the pride of former days, 

So glory's thrill is o'er, 
And hearts, that once beat high for praise, 

Now feel thijt pulse no more. 

No more to chiefs and ladies bright 

The harp of Tara swells: 
The chord alone, that breaks at night, 

Its tale of ruin tells. 
Thus freedom now so seldom wakes, 

The only throb she gives 
Is when some heart indignant breaks, 

To show that still she lives. 





Last summer I made the acquaintance of a most estimable dog. He is a 
Scotch collie and his name is Sandy. He is a highly respected citizen, and if 
he could talk, would occupy an eminent position in the community in which 

Sandy spends a good deal of his 
time at a little cabin in the woods, and 
acts as superintendent over the place, 
looking after the cattle, the horses and 
the chickens, and driving intruders 
away. His sense of hearing is so 
acute, and his instinct is so keen, that 
he can hear his master and mistress 
driving toward the farm before they 
come within a> mile of it. Sandy may 
be snoozing on the veranda, or on the 
grass under one of the trees: sudden- 
ly he raises his bead, looks around 
in an inquiring sort of way, his ears 
stiffen up, his eyes gleam, and then 
with a joyful bark he plunges into 
the forest that surrounds the place. 
Somehow be knows that the carriage 

is coming, and he (lashes down the 
road as fast as he can run until he 
meets it with a joyful welcome. 

Last summer Sandy's particular 
duty was to look after the little chicks 
that were hatched from time to time, 
and that seemed strangely incapable 
of caring for themselves. Xuthwith- 
standing the anxiety rind warnings 
of their mothers, these little stran- 
gers would persist in running into the 
high grass. This was almost sure de- 
struction, because very few of them 
could find their way out of it again. 

Sandy took the matter into his 
charge and with patience, gentleness, 
and remarkable skill organized a life- 
saving service that proved very suc- 
cessful. No matter how he was en- 
gaged, he never failed to make a 

thorough examination of the hi«li 
grass several times a day, and he set- 1 
dom came out of it without brin»iV 
in his .mouth a little chicken, which '■ 
he would drop gently before its moth- 
er, a,nd then go back into the wilder- 
ness for another. 

Sometimes he would bring out lire 
or six stragglers in succession. Scarce- 
ly a day passed that his life-saving 
service did not rescue a large portion 
of the broods that otherwise would 
have perished, fie never wounded 
or bruised the little wanderers, but 
carried them iti his mouth as tender- 
ly as a mother would take a baby in 
her arms. And it seemed to mc that , 
the little chicks understood that Sandy 
was sure to rescue them, ami were all 
the more reckless on that account. 

There was always a colony of dojs 
and cats about the camp, and when 
supper time came, they acted ns if j 
they were half starved. But Sandy j 
always waited patiently until the rest f 
were satisfied, and then in a most dig- 
nitied manner he took what was left. 

One day Sandy brought home with | 
him a disreputable-looking ear wliicb 
belonged somewhere down in the slums 
of the city, and was called Major, i 
He was a mangy skeleton covered 
with wounds, and in a most pitiable 
state of misery. Sandy coaxed him | 
ii] > to the house, gave him his bed and 
food, and licked his sores. 

Under this Good Samaritan treat- 
ment, Major rapidly recovered health 


ami strength, but nothing eoulil make separate Sandy ami Major. The one 

jijni look respectable. He was such was taken and the other was left, but 

a clog as would always be ugly and no sooner did Sandy realize this faet 

untidy. He did not possess a single than he showed his disapproval. He 

point of beauty, nor, so far as any one supposed that his friend was in a box 

could see, a spark of intelligence. But in the wagon, but when it was unload- 

he afterward proved the truth of the ed, and Major did not appear, Sandy 

old proverb that appearances are oft- looked disappointed, and soon after 

on deceit ful. disappeared, nor was he seen again un- 

Sandy's master ami mistress did til breakfast time the next morning- 

nut like Major. They tried all sorts when Major was at; his heels. 
of ways to drive him off, but Sandy Sandy had trotted patiently back: 

stuod by him and took care of him, into town, hunted up his friend, and 

anil saw that he had a good bed and had brought him out to the cabin. He 

plenty of food. made three trips of nine miles each 

When it came time for the family that day, and that was a good deal 

logo out to the cabin in the woods to for one dog to do for another, 
spend the summer, it was decided to 

But God's ways are not our ways, nor are His thoughts our thoughts. 
Whether He would approve of a young woman dressed as a man appearing 
in church, we cannot say, hut when we read that His servant was inspired 
to write to the Corinthian Church that a woman praying with uncovered 
hesd would dishonor her head, and that if a woman have long hair, it is a 
glory to her, we believe that He demands decorous worship. — Eev. Dr. 


D. D. PROPER, D. D. 

One of the most pathetic incidents connected with the early settlement of 
this country is found in a visit of four Flat Head Indians (sometimes called 
Nez Pereez) at St. Louis in 1832. They came from Oregon to get a copy of the 
white man's "Look of Heaven." 

On Monday, January 10, 1910, Char- According to the story, which has 

lot, the last great Indian chief of the been told ami retold many times, a 
Northwest, died on the Flat Head missionary from California, about 
reservation,, at the age of 1S30 or 1831, came into Oregon and 
eighty-five years. Three Feathers, told these Indians about the "Great 
were famous in Indian history. Vic- Spirit," and read from a book which 
tor and his brother, Ignaee, a great Cod has given to men. He told them 
medicine man, were of the company of Cod, the creation, of His love for 
°f Indians who sent the delegation the human race and of the way of sal- 
to St. Louis. vation through the Son, and of the 


Better Land Beyond. They were much 
interested, but the. missionary went 
away never to return. The Indians 
decided to send four of their number 
to St. Louis to get a copy of the white 
man's Book. The way they had to 
travel, it was a journey of nearly 
3,000 miles. 

Although their appearance upon 
reaching St. Louis bore pathetic evi- 
dence of their privations and suffer- 
ing, yet one all-absorbing longing was 
in their hearts, in comparison with 
which all else was dwarfed into in- 
significance. They came, they said, 
from the land of the setting sun; 
across the great snow-clad mountains, 
and the wide prairies; for many moons 
had they traveled. They had heard 
of the white man's God, and wanted 
the white man's Book of Heaven. 

Finally they were brought before 
the commanding officer of the military 
post, General Clark, who, though a 
kind-hearted man, was a Roman Cath- 
olic. He took them to priests, and 
while they were received with the 
greatest hospitality, and shown the 
pictures of the Virgin Mary and of 
the saints, they were steadily denied 
the oft-repeated request for the Bible. 

They were entertained at theatres 
and dances, but did not find the light 
they sought. After a time two of 
their number died and the other two 
decided to return without the "Book." 

A farewell dinner was given them. 
At that dinner one of the chiefs arose 
and said 

"We are going back the long trail 
of many moons, our moccasins worn 
"with the journey, our hands heavy 
with the gifts that you have loaded 
upon us, but when we stand before 
-all the old men by the campfire, and 

they ask if we have brought back thai 
which they sent us for, knowledge of 
the white man's God and the white 
man's "Book of Heaven," and we 
have to answer, "Xo," then one by 
one the old men will go out into th' e 
darkness, the camptires will burn to 
ashes, my people will go the long, sa J 
trail to the hunting-grounds, no white 
man to go with them, no white man's 
Book to show them the Better Land 
no white man's Clod in their hearts. 
I have no more words." 

One young man was so impressed 
with the address that he wrote to 
friends in the Fast an account of this 
strange visit, and the pathetic appeal 
of the Indians for a Bible. Some 
Protestants became interested, but it 
was two years before a missionary 
started with the Bible for that land 
Mr. George Catlin, the celebrated 
Indian painter, met these returning 
Indians on the' plains and made pic- 
tures of them which hang in the 
Smithsonian Institute in Washing- 
ton. After leaving Catlin nnotherof 
the Indians died, and so but one sur- 
vivor returned to announce to the 
great Council the death of his com- 
panions and the refusal of t he white 
man to give him the Book. 

The tribe was embittered, and when 
missionaries at length found these 
Indians they received no welcome 
from them, and the Flatheads remain- 
ed unreached for many years. 

Some time after this the Flathead 
Indians heard of a devoted young wo- 
man who was laboring among the In- 
dian tribes on the Pacific coast. Many 
Indians under her teaching had re- 
nounced their sinful, s iperstitiota 
lives, and were earnestly striving to 
walk in "the way of the Cook. 



Strange rumors of this pale-faced wo- 
man and the wonderful Book traveled 
far south into Oregon, and some of 
die Flatheads went to investigate the 
stoi'Y for themselves. They had 
meetings with the pale-faced lady, and 
listened to the story oC the love of the 

Great Spirit as revealed in His Book, 
and accepted the great salvation. 
They carried the good news home; 
others also went and heard for them- 
selves, and in their simple faith they 
tried to live up to what they had 
learned. — From ' ' Missions. ' ' 

Perhaps more ignorance is covered by the words "they say," or "it is 
said," than many of us think. It is easy to throw responsibility for the 
truthfulness of a statement on somebody not known and thus escape the 
necessity of defending any false declarations. Gossip and scandal thrive 
on such soil. These never care to stand back of their words, but they want 
them to have the appearance of fact by giving credit for their truthfulness 
to that indefinite authority, "They." All this indicates a lack of know- 
ledge, possibly due to indolence in proving the facts. — Selected. 



(At the recent meeting of the State King's Daughters, held at the Jack- 
son Training School, there was among the other attractive features on the 
programme an address by E. R. Preston, of Charlotte, who was specially in- 
vited to be a guest of the convention. The Uplift made an effort to get the 
address, but has just succeeded. While that particular meeting is passed for 
some weeks, the address teems so much with historical matters of lasting in- 
terest, that it will read well at any time.) 

In introducing Mr. Preston to the and good wishes, and an invitation 
audience, Mrs. D. Y. Cooper, now of 
Richmond, Va., but for many terms 
was treasurer of the State organ- 
ization of the King's Daughters of 
North Carolina, spoke as follows: 

"At a meeting of the annual State 
Convention in Raleigh in 1002 The 
King's Daughters and Sons deter- 
mined to adopt as their united work the 
establishment of a, Boy's Industrial 
and Training School, and at once be- 
gan a vigorous campaign to inter- 
est others, to secure funds and to dis- 
tribute literature through the State. 
Those of us who took part in the 
efforts to obtain a charter with an 
appropriation met only kind words 

to come again when the treasury 
was in better condition, until 1907 
when a star from Mecklenburg came 
on the horizon, and, like the wise 
men of old, we followed, and joined 
our forces with his. Who can for- 
get the great mass meeting of women in 
the House Representatives, when 
Mrs. R. D. Johnson of Alabama — 
originally of North Carolina, ad- 
dressed the members, and a mammoth 
petition, carried by pages, reaching 
all the way down the aisle to the door 
and back again, was presented? And 
who can ever forget the thrills when 
the bill was passed granting a charter 
with an appropriation of $10,000.00. 


The leader of the fight is our guest of the State had known, but not the last 

honor and speaker this evening Hon. however. It was wonderful to see the 

E. R. Preston, and with him is his influence of these good women with no 

-charming wife, who is the granddaugh- purpose in their minds except to help 

ter of the great man for whom the the erring hoys of North Carolina. 

school is named." Who that heard her can forget the 

Mr. Preston, taking as his theme eloquence of Mrs. General R. D. 

"State Progress In The Humanities," Johnson of Alabama, herself a native 

spoke as follows: of North Carolina, as she told of her 

"Fourteen years ago there assem- struggles in Alabama for a similar 

bled in Raleigh, a small committee of School, and of its success, and how she 

■women, less than one dozen, (some of had come back at her own expense to 

the leaders among them, being pres- her native state to speak to the people 

ent tonight), inspired by the noble she loved the best, about this work to 

purpose to make another appeal to which she had given her life. Per- 

the legislature of 1907 for the es- sonally, I believe that not withstand- 

tablishmcnt of a Training School for ing all of our months of work, if it 

delinquent white hoys, as they had had not been for this group of women 

several times appealed to preceding an( J }[ rs . Johnson's speech, the bill 

Legislatures, but without success. would have been again defeated and 

Prior to this time in the fall of the erection of this school delayed 

190(i, a general committee had been 

possibly many years. 

formed to create sentiment in behalf Tt wns ., wonderful vision those 
of such an institution, of which the women had, and tonight we stand 
speaker happened to be selected as here as witnesses to its magnificent 
chairman. This committee had done fulfillment . My study and observa- 
its best through the newspapers, pam- tion of these matters, which runs 
phlets and public meetings, to- arouse back for twenty years, leads me to 
interest in this legislation, and had sav without flattery, that this is the 
accomplished more than the forces equal, if not superior to any Boys' 
opposed to a reform school realized, Training School in the United States, 
as was evidenced by the monster peti- The Institution has been parti- 
tion presented, which you may remem- cularly fortunate from the ven- 
der reached twice around the Hall of beginning because of the untiring 
the House. However, the battle was efforts in its behalf by you, Madame 
a hard one and it seemed that the President, your associates. Miss En- 
forces of obstruction and delay would dale Shaw, Mrs. I. YV. Faison, 
again defeat the measure. Then it and the other ladies and gentlemen 
was that as chairman of the general of the board, and also in having Mr. 
-committee, I issued a hurry call for the J. P. Cook and his devoted wife, ad 
representative women interested, to Prof, and Mrs. Boger, whose self- 
come and stay until the bill passed. sacrificing and successful work a« 
They came and the bill passed. know a through North Carolina. And 
This was the first "Ladies' Lobby" in this connection we should not for- 



ret tin' years of unceasing work for 
[he passage of this bill by Miss Daisy 
Densoii of Raleigh, ami Hon. R. B. 
Hi>d\rine of Monroe and the timely 
aid of Col. W. P. Wood of Randolph 
Count Vj who introduced the substi- 
tute that we had drawn in the en- 
deavor to meet all views, and was the 
form in which tlie law was finally pass- 

These Jackson Training School boys 
are about the finest and healthiest 
looking set I ever saw, and it is in- 
teresting to know that of the 1000 
bovs who have passed through its 
elites, more than 900 have made good 
and are now useful citizens. And 
vet the Jackson Training School is 
in its infancy. One Hundred years 
from its foundation, it will probably 
have reclaimed one hundred thousand 

For some years after the bill pass- 
ed, as Mr. Cook probably knows bet- 
ter than any one else, the School was 
in danger, but it has now become one 
of the most popular Institutions in 
the State, and The Uplift is a much 
quoted paper, constantly keeping its 
needs before the public. The appro- 
priations made by the last Legislature 
will permit many needed improve- 
ments, and the policy adopted by the 
board of allowing counties to build 
their own homes, seems to have open- 
ed the way for greatly increased use- 
fulness. There are already five of 
those cottages and others are in con- 
templation. The total value of the 
plant cannot be exactly estimated, 
but a conservative figure would be 

The long and strenuous fight for the 
Training School was not onlv success- 

ful in its primary purpose, but it 
seems to have caused or at least aid- 
ded in an awakening of the conscience 
of the general public and the succeed- 
ing Legislatures as to the duty and 
necessity for humanitarian legisla- 
tion. I'p to 1QU7, the policy of the 
State had been limited to caring for 
the violent insane, the blind and deaf 
mutes, and providing in some measure 
for the education of normal children. 
Since that time each Legislature has 
broadened the humanitarian activi- 
ties of the State. 

It may be interesting to briefly out- 
line to you the State's Progress in 
the Humanities as distinguished from 
individual charitable efforts, since 
the Jackson Training School, the first 
of this particular class of Institutions- 
was started. 

In 1011, there was enacted the ten 
hour law, followed by laws for the 
protection of women and children 
from night work, and improvements 
of sanitary and health conditions in 
and around the factories. 

At this time also there was found- 
ed the Sanatorium for the treatment 
of tuberculosis, which is benefitting 
those affected with the white plague 
in many ways. This session also wit- 
nessed the beginning of the Caswell 
Training School for feeble minded 
children, which will have in 1022, a 
capacity of 400. 

In 1913, the law for compulsory- 
education was enacted. 

In 1017, there was founded Samar- 
cand for wayward girls after a, hard 
tight in which the women of the State 
rallied to the aid of Dr. A. A. Mc- 
Geachy of Charlotte and others. This 
Institution will in 1022 have a ca- 
pacity of 2